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1

Attachment systems for mandibular implant overdentures: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE The aim of this systematic review was to address treatment outcome according to attachment systems for mandibular implant overdentures in terms of implant survival rate, prosthetic maintenance and complications, and patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed and hand searching of relevant journals considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. Clinical trial studies on mandibular implant overdentures until August, 2010 were selected if more than one type of overdenture attachment was reported. Twenty four studies from 1098 studies were finally included and the data on implant survival rate, prosthetic maintenance and complications, patient satisfaction were analyzed relative to attachment systems. RESULTS Four studies presented implant survival rates (95.8 - 97.5% for bar, 96.2 - 100% for ball, 91.7% for magnet) according to attachment system. Ten other studies presented an implant survival rate ranging from 93.3% to 100% without respect to the attachment groups. Common prosthetic maintenance and complications were replacement of an assay for magnet attachments, and activation of a matrix or clip for ball or bar attachments. Prosthetic maintenance and complications most commonly occurred in the magnet groups. Conflicting findings were found on the rate of prosthetic maintenance and complications comparing ball and bar attachments. Most studies showed no significant differences in patient satisfaction depending upon attachment systems. CONCLUSION The implant survival rate of mandibular overdentures seemed to be high regardless attachment systems. The prosthetic maintenance and complications may be influenced by attachment systems. However patient satisfaction may be independent of the attachment system. PMID:23236571

Kim, Ha-Young; Lee, Jeong-Yol; Bryant, S. Ross

2012-01-01

2

Changes in the edentulous maxilla in persons wearing implant-retained mandibular overdentures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statement of Problem: It has been suggested that risk for severe resorption in the anterior maxilla is increased in persons wearing mandibular implant-retained overdentures. However, little information is available about the changes in the edentulous maxilla after mandibular implant treatment. Purpose: This study determined the possible changes in the width of the maxillary residual ridge 6 years after receiving mandibular

Timo O. Närhi; Mariëlle E. Geertman; Miluska Hevinga; Hanan Abdo; Warner Kalk

2000-01-01

3

Maxillary anterior and mandibular posterior residual ridge resorption in patients wearing a mandibular implant-retained overdenture.  

PubMed

The mandibular implant-retained overdenture could improve masticatory function compared to the conventional complete denture. However, increased forces exerted by the overdenture could increase residual ridge resorption of the maxillary anterior and mandibular posterior areas. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of the mandibular implant-retained overdenture using two or four dental implants, or the conventional complete denture on resorption of the residual ridge of the maxillary anterior and mandibular posterior areas over a period of 10 years. In total, 120 patients, 30 patients treated with an overdenture on two implants (two-implant group), 30 patients with an overdenture on four implants (four-implant group) and 60 patients treated with a conventional full denture (conventional group), participated in this study. On panoramic radiographs, made before and 10 years after treatment, proportional area measurements were applied to determine changes in bone height. After 10 years, a statistically significant amount of bone resorption had occurred in the anterior maxilla in the two-implant group and in the four-implant group. A significant amount of bone resorption had occurred in the posterior mandible in all three groups. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in both areas. Patients presented large individual differences. It is concluded that patients rehabilitated with implant-retained mandibular overdentures are not subjected to more residual ridge resorption in the anterior maxilla when compared to patients wearing a conventional full denture. Regarding the mandibular posterior residual ridge, resorption was irrespective of wearing an implant-retained mandibular overdenture or a conventional mandibular denture. PMID:21092056

Tymstra, N; Raghoebar, G M; Vissink, A; Meijer, H J A

2011-07-01

4

The implant-supported milled-bar mandibular overdenture.  

PubMed

Osseointegrated dental implants have been proven successful in the treatment of edentulism. The predictability of the implant-supported prosthesis has also been established. Several techniques have been described for the successful restoration of the edentulous mandible: fixed-detachable prostheses with either the original Brånemark hybrid prosthesis design or conventional implant-supported fixed partial dentures, implant-retained overdentures, and implant-supported overdentures. However, in cases of advanced ridge resorption in which facial tissue support is needed from the flanges of the prosthesis or when a removable type of prosthesis is preferred by the patient, an implant-supported prosthesis is indicated. Electric discharge machining is often used in the fabrication of the bar for an implant-supported overdenture. This procedure is very costly and technique sensitive. An alternative procedure to fabricate a milled-bar implant-supported overdenture is described. This procedure is simple and uses inexpensive equipment and materials. The milled-bar minimizes lateral and rotational displacement. The overdenture incorporates attachments that provide retention, minimizing possible movement along the path of insertion. This type of prosthesis is available to a broad patient population, especially those with advanced ridge resorption, providing an excellent result at a reduced cost. J Prosthodont 2001;10:46-51. PMID:11406796

Galindo, D F

2001-03-01

5

Implant Supported Mandibular Overdenture: A Viable Treatment Option for Edentulous Mandible  

PubMed Central

The prosthetic management of the edentulous patient has long been a major challenge. Complete maxillary and mandibular dentures have been the traditional standard of care. However, most of the patients report problems adapting to their mandibular denture due to a lack of comfort, retention, stability and inability to masticate. Implant-supported overdentures have been a common treatment for edentulous patients for the past 20 years and predictably achieve good clinical results. Implant supported overdentures offer many practical advantages over conventional complete dentures and removable partial dentures. These include decreased bone resorption, reduced prosthesis movement, better esthetics, improved tooth position, better occlusion, increased occlusal function and maintenance of the occlusal vertical dimension. This article presents a design and fabrication technique of the implant-retained overdenture that uses four freestanding mandibular implants. PMID:24995252

Lambade, Pravin; Gundawar, Sham

2014-01-01

6

Maintenance requirements associated with mandibular implant overdentures: clinical results after first year of service.  

PubMed

The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the prosthodontic maintenance requirements during the first year of service of mandibular overdentures supported by interforaminal implants and to assess the influence of attachment type, implant number, and bite force on these requirements. Fifty-nine patients treated with mandibular implant overdentures between the years 2004 and 2009 and appearing in the 12th-month recall were included in this study. The overdentures constituted 4 groups: 2 single interforaminal implants (1 group with locator and 1 group with ball attachments), 3 single interforaminal implants, 3 splinted interforaminal implants (bar), and 4 splinted interforaminal implants (bar). During the examination, prosthetic parameters such as occlusion, tissue adaptation, condition of the retentive mechanism (matrice and patrice), and the condition of the denture-bearing tissues were evaluated and recorded. No statistically significant relation was found between attachment type, bite force values, implant number, and the occurring complications except the need for relining, which was found significantly more in the ball attachments than in other attachment groups (P ?=? .03). After 12 months following the overdenture insertion, there seems to be no relation between occurring complications and patient-related factors, such as maximum bite force, age, and gender, as well as factors related to the overdentures such as number and type of attachments. PMID:20932124

Bilhan, Hakan; Geckili, Onur; Mumcu, Emre; Bilmenoglu, Caglar

2011-12-01

7

A preliminary three-dimensional finite element analysis of mandibular implant overdentures.  

PubMed

A treatment protocol that may lead to reduced mandibular posterior residual ridge resorption in patients with overdentures retained and supported by two interforaminal implants was investigated. The treatment included the addition of short implants in the posterior edentulous mandible for the presumed purpose of favorable provision of mechanical load stimulus to alveolar bone. Three-dimensional finite element analysis was used to model cited effective strains that may stimulate bone remodeling in two selected models. Based on this laboratory study, the addition of posterior short implants has a favorable effect in maintaining bone mass under implant retained overdentures. PMID:24392480

Petrie, Cynthia S; Walker, Mary P; Lu, Yunkai; Thiagarajan, Ganesh

2014-01-01

8

Standardizing the evaluation criteria on treatment outcomes of mandibular implant overdentures: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE The aim of this review was to analyze the evaluation criteria on mandibular implant overdentures through a systematic review and suggest standardized evaluation criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic literature search was conducted by PubMed search strategy and hand-searching of relevant journals from included studies considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. Randomized clinical trials (RCT) and clinical trial studies comparing attachment systems on mandibular implant overdentures until December, 2011 were selected. Twenty nine studies were finally selected and the data about evaluation methods were collected. RESULTS Evaluation criteria could be classified into 4 groups (implant survival, peri-implant tissue evaluation, prosthetic evaluation, and patient satisfaction). Among 29 studies, 21 studies presented implant survival rate, while any studies reporting implant failure did not present cumulative implant survival rate. Seventeen studies evaluating peri-implant tissue status presented following items as evaluation criteria; marginal bone level (14), plaque Index (13), probing depth (8), bleeding index (8), attachment gingiva level (8), gingival index (6), amount of keratinized gingiva (1). Eighteen studies evaluating prosthetic maintenance and complication also presented following items as evaluation criteria; loose matrix (17), female detachment (15), denture fracture (15), denture relining (14), abutment fracture (14), abutment screw loosening (11), and occlusal adjustment (9). Atypical questionnaire (9), Visual analog scales (VAS) (4), and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) (1) were used as the format of criteria to evaluate patients satisfaction in 14 studies. CONCLUSION For evaluation of implant overdenture, it is necessary to include cumulative survival rate for implant evaluation. It is suggested that peri-implant tissue evaluation criteria include marginal bone level, plaque index, bleeding index, probing depth, and attached gingiva level. It is also suggested that prosthetic evaluation criteria include loose matrix, female detachment, denture fracture, denture relining, abutment fracture, abutment screw loosening, and occlusal adjustment. Finally standardized criteria like OHIP-EDENT or VAS are required for patient satisfaction. PMID:25352954

Kim, Ha-Young; Shin, Sang-Wan

2014-01-01

9

Implant-supported overdenture with prefabricated bar attachment system in mandibular edentulous patient  

PubMed Central

Implant-supported overdenture is a reliable treatment option for the patients with edentulous mandible when they have difficulty in using complete dentures. Several options have been used for implant-supported overdenture attachments. Among these, bar attachment system has greater retention and better maintainability than others. SFI-Bar® is prefabricated and can be adjustable at chairside. Therefore, laboratory procedures such as soldering and welding are unnecessary, which leads to fewer errors and lower costs. A 67-year-old female patient presented, complaining of mobility of lower anterior teeth with old denture. She had been wearing complete denture in the maxilla and removable partial denture in the mandible with severe bone loss. After extracting the teeth, two implants were placed in front of mental foramen, and SFI-Bar® was connected. A tube bar was seated to two adapters through large ball joints and fixation screws, connecting each implant. The length of the tube bar was adjusted according to inter-implant distance. Then, a female part was attached to the bar beneath the new denture. This clinical report describes two-implant-supported overdenture using the SFI-Bar® system in a mandibular edentulous patient. PMID:23236580

Ha, Seung-Ryong; Song, Seung-Il; Hong, Seong-Tae; Kim, Gy-Young

2012-01-01

10

Training needs for general dentistry residents to place and restore two-implant-retained mandibular overdentures.  

PubMed

Implant therapy is rapidly becoming a standard of care for replacing missing dentition. Predoctoral dental curricula include some training in the implant restorative phase but offer limited exposure to the surgical phase, so it is important for postdoctoral general dentistry residency programs to provide competency training in all phases of implant therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the training needed for general dentistry residents to achieve competence in this area, specifically by defining the number of clinical experiences necessary in both the surgical and prosthetic phases of implant-retained mandibular overdenture construction (IRMOD). Fifteen Advanced Education in General Dentistry (AEGD) residents at one academic dental institution placed two implants in a total of 50 patients with edentulous mandibles and subsequently restored them with IRMOD. The supervising faculty member and the residents evaluated the competency level on a five-point scale after each implant placement and prosthetic case completion. According to the faculty evaluations, the residents achieved surgical competence after placing two implants in four to six cases and prosthetic management competence after restoring two to four cases of IRMOD. All 50 patients were satisfied with the treatment outcomes of IRMOD. This study concluded that general dentistry residents could potentially achieve competence in both the surgical and prosthetic phases of implant therapy while enrolled in an AEGD program. PMID:25576555

Malmstrom, Hans; Xiao, Jin; Romanos, Georgios E; Ren, Yan-Fang

2015-01-01

11

Two Versus Three Narrow-Diameter Implants with Locator Attachments Supporting Mandibular Overdentures: A Two-Year Prospective Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To compare treatment outcome (survival rate, condition of hard and soft peri-implant tissues) and prosthodontic maintenance requirements of two versus three narrow-diameter bone level implants with Locator attachments supporting mandibular overdentures. Materials and Methods. Twenty completely edentulous patients with atrophic mandibles were treated. Ten patients (Group A) were treated with overdentures supported by two narrow (3.3-mm diameter) implants (Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) and ten patients (Group B) were treated with overdentures supported by three narrow implants. Locator (Zest Anchors, USA) attachments were used for prosthetic anchorage. Standardized clinical and radiographic parameters (survival rate, plaque index, calculus index, gingival index, bleeding index, probing depth and marginal bone loss) were evaluated at the time of the completion of the prosthetic treatment (baseline) and after 6, 12 and 24 months of functional loading. Prosthodontic maintenance requirements were also scored. Results. Only one implant was lost (Group B) during the healing period. There were no significant differences with regards to any of the studied clinical and radiographic parameters between the two groups (P > 0.05). Few prosthetic complications were recorded. Conclusions. No need to insert more than two narrow-diameter bone level implants with Locator attachments in cases of atrophic mandible to support an overdenture, however, long-term prospective studies are required to support this notion. PMID:22754570

El-Sheikh, Ali M.; Shihabuddin, Omar F.; Ghoraba, Sahar M. F.

2012-01-01

12

A Prospective Study of Early Loaded Single Implant-Retained Mandibular Overdentures: Preliminary One-Year Results  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To investigate the predictability of simplifying mandibular overdenture treatment using one-stage surgery and early prosthetic loading of a single implant. Materials and Methods. Twenty edentulous patients with problematic existing mandibular dentures were treated. A single implant with a chemically modified surface (SLActive, Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) was placed into the mandibular midline. The patients were recalled at 3, 6 and 12 months. Clinical assessments and marginal bone loss using standardized radiographs were recorded. All complications, failures and maintenance were noted. Visual analog-scale questionnaires were used to record patient satisfaction in five categories. ANOVA was used to determine differences between means of marginal bone loss and different categories of patient staisfaction (P = 0.05). Results. The 20 early loaded implants were all surviving at the 12-month recall. All implants showed less than 1?mm of marginal bone loss by the end of the 1-year with a significant increase during the follow-up period. Few prosthetic problems were reported. Patient satisfaction was high with a significant increase in all comfort and functional parameters. Conclusions. These preliminary 1-year results indicate that early loading of a single chemically modified surface implant used to retain a mucosa-borne mandibular overdenture is a safe, reliable, and cost-effective treatment. PMID:22505895

El-Sheikh, Ali M.; Shihabuddin, Omar F.; Ghoraba, Sahar M. F.

2012-01-01

13

The influence of interimplant distance in mandibular overdentures supported by two implants on patient satisfaction and quality of life.  

PubMed

This study evaluates the influence of interimplant distance (ID) on patient satisfaction and quality of life (QOL) of 55 patients who received mandibular overdentures supported by two implants. IDs were measured over the residual ridge crest and linearly on all of the patients' mandibular casts. The crestal detours of all patients were determined by subtracting these two values from each other. Higher IDs were associated with better QOL scores (P < .05), whereas higher crestal detour values were associated with better general comfort, chewing, ease of hygiene maintenance, esthetics, pain, and QOL scores (P < .05). PMID:25588167

Geckili, Onur; Cilingir, Altug; Erdogan, Ozge; Kesoglu, Aysun Coskun; Bilmenoglu, Caglar; Ozdiler, Arda; Bilhan, Hakan

2015-01-01

14

Effect of attachment types and number of implants supporting mandibular overdentures on stress distribution: A computed tomography-based 3D finite element analysis.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to calculate stresses in bone tissue surrounding uncoupled and splinted implants that are induced by a bite force applied to the mandible and to determine whether the number of mandibular overdenture supporting implants in mandibular bone influence the stress distribution. A human adult edentulous mandible retrieved from a formalin fixed cadaver was used to define the geometry of finite element (FE) model and the FE model was verified with experimental measurements. Following the FE model validation, three different biting situations were simulated for the 2-, 3- and 4-implant retentive anchor as well as bar attachment overdentures under vertical loading of 100N. As a result of the analyses, it was concluded that an increment in implant number and the splinted attachment type tended to cause lower stresses and the use of two single attachments seems to be a safe and sufficient solution for the treatment of mandibular edentulism with overdentures. PMID:25443880

Arat Bilhan, Selda; Baykasoglu, Cengiz; Bilhan, Hakan; Kutay, Omer; Mugan, Ata

2015-01-01

15

The Effect of Inter-Implant Distance on Retention and Resistance to Dislodging Forces for Mandibular Implant-Tissue-Supported Overdentures  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The effect of inter-implant distance on retention and resistance of implant-tissue-supported overdentures is lacking in the literature. An in vitro study was performed to evaluate this effect for mandibular implant-tissue-supported overdentures retained by two ball attachments. Materials and Methods: An acrylic cast of an edentulous mandible was fabricated. Three pairs of implants were symmetrically placed at both sides of the midline. The inter-implant distance was 10, 25, and 35 millimeters in positions A, B and C, respectively. A framework simulating the overdenture was fabricated on the cast. Six attachment housings were placed within the overdenture. For each sample, two ball abutments were screwed onto the implant pairs and two pink nylon inserts were seated in their respective attachment housings. The samples were tested in three groups of 15 (A, B, and C). The testing machine applied tensile dislodging forces and peak loads were measured in three directions: vertical, oblique, and anterior-posterior. A one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s HSD was used to determine groups that were significantly different. Tests were carried out at 0.05 level of significance. Results: Peak loads for the anterior-posteriorly directed dislodging forces were significantly the highest for group C (P<0.05); 21.25 N±3.05 N, while there were no statistically significant differences among groups with vertically and obliquely directed forces (P>0.05). Conclusion: Inter-implant distance did not affect the vertical retention and oblique resistance of mandibular implant-tissue-supported overdentures; however, it affected anterior-posterior resistance.

Tabatabaian, Farhad; Saboury, Abolfazl; Sobhani, Zahra Sadat; Petropoulos, Vicki C

2014-01-01

16

Evaluation of stress distribution of implant-retained mandibular overdenture with different vertical restorative spaces: A finite element analysis  

PubMed Central

Background: Available restorative space and bar height is an important factor in stress distribution of implant-supported overdentures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different vertical restorative spaces and different bar heights on the stress distribution around implants by 3D finite element analysis. Materials and Methods: 3D finite element models were developed from mandibular overdentures with two implants in the interforaminal region. In these models, four different bar heights from gingival crest (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 mm) with 15 mm occlusal plane height and three different occlusal plane heights from gingival crest (9, 12, 15 mm) with 2 mm bar height were analyzed. A vertical unilateral and a bilateral load of 150 N were applied to the central occlusal fossa of the first molar and the stress of bone around implant was analyzed by finite element analysis. Results: By increasing vertical restorative space, the maximum stress values around implants were found to be decreased in unilateral loading models but slightly increased in bilateral loading cases. By increasing bar height from gingival crest, the maximum stress values around implants were found to be increased in unilateral loading models but slightly decreased in bilateral loading cases. In unilateral loading models, maximum stress was found in a model with 9 mm occlusal plane height and 1.5 mm bar height (6.254 MPa), but in bilateral loading cases, maximum stress was found in a model with 15 mm occlusal plane height and 0.5 mm bar height (3.482 MPa). Conclusion: The reduction of bar height and increase in the thickness of acrylic resin base in implant-supported overdentures are biomechanically favorable and may result in less stress in periimplant bone. PMID:23559952

Ebadian, Behnaz; Farzin, Mahmoud; Talebi, Saeid; Khodaeian, Niloufar

2012-01-01

17

The influence of resilient liner and clip attachments for bar-implant-retained mandibular overdentures on opposing maxillary ridge. A 5-year randomised clinical trial.  

PubMed

This study aimed to compare the influence of resilient liner and clip attachments for bar-implant-retained mandibular overdentures on opposing maxillary ridge after 5 years of denture wearing. Thirty edentulous male patients (mean age 62·5 years) received two implants in the anterior mandible after being allocated into two equal groups using balanced randomisation. After 3 months, implants were connected with resilient bars. New maxillary complete dentures were then constructed, and mandibular overdentures were retained to the bars with either clips (group I, GI) or silicone resilient liners (group II, GII). The prosthetic and soft tissue complications of the maxillary dentures were recorded 6 months (T6 m ), 1 year (T1), 3 years (T3) and 5 years (T5) after overdenture insertion. Traced rotational tomograms were used for measurements of maxillary alveolar bone loss. The proportional value between bone areas and areas of reference not subject to resorption was expressed as a ratio (R). Change in R immediately before (T0) and after 5 years (T5) of overdenture insertion was calculated. Maxillary denture relining times and frequency of flabby anterior maxillary ridge occurred significantly more often in GI compared with GII. The change of R in anterior part of maxilla was significantly higher than change of R in posterior part in both groups. GI showed significant resorption of anterior residual ridge compared with GII. Relining times and frequencies of flabby ridge were significantly correlated with change in R. Within the limitations of this study, resilient liner attachments for bar-implant-retained mandibular overdentures are associated with decreased resorption and flabbiness of maxillary anterior residual ridge and fewer maxillary denture relining times when compared with clip attachments. PMID:24354686

Elsyad, M A; Ashmawy, T M; Faramawy, A G

2014-01-01

18

Immediate Loading of Mandibular Overdentures Supported by One-Piece, Direct Metal Laser Sintering Mini-Implants: A Short-Term Prospective Clinical Study.  

PubMed

Background. Only a few studies have dealt with immediately loaded, unsplinted mini-implants supporting ball attachment-retained mandibular overdentures (ODs). The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes of ball attachment-retained mandibular ODs supported by one-piece, unsplinted, immediately loaded, direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) mini-implants. Methods. Over a 4-year period (2009-2012), all patients referred to the Dental Clinic, University of Varese, and to a private practice for treatment with mandibular ODs were considered for inclusion in this study. Each patient received three or four DMLS mini-implants. Immediately after implant placement, a mandibular OD was connected to the implants. At each annual follow-up session, clinical and radiographic parameters were assessed: the outcome measures were implant failures, peri-implant marginal bone loss, and complications. Statistical analysis was conducted using a life-table analysis. Results. A total of 231 one-piece DMLS mini-implants were inserted in 62 patients. After four years of loading, six implants failed, giving an overall cumulative survival rate of 96.9%. The mean distance between the implant shoulder and the first visible bone-to-implant contact (DIB) was 0.38 mm (± 0.25) and 0.62 mm (± 0.20) at the 1- and 4 -year follow-up examinations, respectively. An incidence of 6.0% of biological complications was reported; prosthetic complications were more frequent (12.9%). Conclusion. Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that the immediate loading of one-piece, unsplinted, DMLS titanium mini-implants by means of ball attachment-supported mandibular ODs is a successful treatment procedure. Long-term follow-up studies are needed to confirm these results. PMID:25272979

Mangano, Francesco G; Caprioglio, Alberto; Levrini, Luca; Farronato, Davide; Zecca, Piero A; Mangano, Carlo

2014-10-01

19

A PROSPECTIVE 2YEAR CLINICAL EVALUATION OF OVERDENTURES ATTACHED TO NONSPLINTED IMPLANTS UTILIZING ERA ATTACHMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Edentulism is a major oral healthcare issue for an ever- increasing older population in the United States. Most previous studies examined the success of overdentures supported by splinted implants utilizing clip bars and other types of attachments. This longitudinal study of 10 consecutive patients involves mandibular overdentures supported by nonsplinted implants with ERA attachments. Two-year results indicate that nonsplinted implants

Lloyd Sherwin Landa; Sang-Choon Cho; Stuart J. Froum; Nicolas Elian; Dennis P. Tarnow

2001-01-01

20

Replacing worn overdenture abutments of an unknown implant system by using laser welding: a clinical report.  

PubMed

This clinical report describes a procedure for replacing worn ball abutments with low-profile resilient abutments by using laser welding when the implant system for a mandibular implant-supported overdenture could not be identified. PMID:24836281

Mohunta, Vrinda V; Stevenson, James A; Lee, Damian J

2014-09-01

21

Stress analysis of mandibular implant-retained overdenture with independent attachment system: effect of restoration space and attachment height.  

PubMed

In this in vitro study, 2 implants were embedded in the interforaminal region of an acrylic model. Two kinds of retention mechanisms were used to construct complete overdentures: ball type and direct abutment (Locator). The ball-type retention mechanism models included 3 different collar heights (1, 2, and 3 mm) with 15 mm occlusal plane height, and 3 different occlusal plane heights (9, 12, and 15 mm) with 1 mm collar height. The direct abutment models included 3 different occlusal plane heights (9, 12, and 15 mm) with 1 mm cuff height. Vertical unilateral and bilateral loads of 150 N were applied to the central fossa of the first molar. The stress of the bone around the implant was analyzed by finite element analysis. The results showed that by increasing vertical restorative space, the maximum stress values around implants were decreased in both unilateral and bilateral loading models. The results also showed that the increase in maximum stress values around implants correlated with the ball attachment collar height. The Locator attachment with a 1 mm cuff height and 9 mm occlusal plane height demonstrated 6.147 and 3.914 MPa in unilateral and bilateral loading conditions, respectively. While a reduction in the collar height of a ball-type retention mechanism and an increase in the vertical restorative space in direct abutment retention mechanisms are both biomechanically favorable, and may result in reduced stress in peri-implant bone, a ball attachment seems to be more favorable in the stress distribution around an implant than a Locator attachment. PMID:25574722

Ebadian, Behnaz; Talebi, Saeid; Khodaeian, Niloufar; Farzin, Mahmoud

2015-01-01

22

A 5-year randomized trial to compare 1 or 2 implants for implant overdentures.  

PubMed

The hypothesis of this 5-y randomized clinical trial was that there would be no significant difference in the satisfaction of edentulous participants with removable complete overdentures attached to 1 or 2 mandibular implants. Secondary aims were to test changes in satisfaction between and within the groups from baseline to 5 y and differences between the groups in implant survival and prosthodontic maintenance over 5 y. Each of the 86 participants (mean age, 67 y) was randomly allocated to receive either 1 implant in the midline (group 1) or 2 implants in the canine areas (group 2) attached to a mandibular overdenture opposing a maxillary complete denture. Satisfaction was self-assessed by participants on a visual analog scale at baseline prior to implants, as well as at 2 mo and 1, 3, and 5 y with implant overdentures, whereas implant survival and prosthodontic maintenance were assessed by clinical examination. After 5 y, 29 participants in group 1 and 33 in group 2 were available, with most dropouts due to death. Satisfaction with the implant denture after 5 y was significantly (P < 0.001) higher than at baseline in both groups and remained with no significant difference (P = 0.32) between the groups. No implants failed in group 1 but 5 failed before loading in 4 participants in group 2. Most participants required maintenance or occasionally denture replacement, and although differences between the groups were not statistically significant, group 1 experienced almost twice as many fractured dentures usually adjacent to the implant attachment. We conclude that there were no significant differences after 5 y in satisfaction or survival of implants with mandibular overdentures retained by 1 implant or 2 implants. Additional research is required to confirm long-term treatment effectiveness of single-implant dentures and the implications of prosthetic maintenance with implant overdentures (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02117856). PMID:25348544

Bryant, S R; Walton, J N; MacEntee, M I

2015-01-01

23

Implant and root supported overdentures - a literature review and some data on bone loss in edentulous jaws  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE To present a literature review on implant overdentures after a brief survey of bone loss after extraction of all teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS Papers on alveolar bone loss and implant overdentures have been studied for a narrative review. RESULTS Bone loss of the alveolar process after tooth extraction occurs with great individual variation, impossible to predict at the time of extraction. The simplest way to prevent bone loss is to avoid extraction of all teeth. To keep a few teeth and use them or their roots for a tooth or root-supported overdenture substantially reduces bone loss. Jaws with implant-supported prostheses show less bone loss than jaws with conventional dentures. Mandibular 2-implant overdentures provide patients with better outcomes than do conventional dentures, regarding satisfaction, chewing ability and oral-health-related quality of life. There is no strong evidence for the superiority of one overdenture retention-system over the others regarding patient satisfaction, survival, peri-implant bone loss and relevant clinical factors. Mandibular single midline implant overdentures have shown promising results but long-term results are not yet available. For a maxillary overdenture 4 to 6 implants splinted with a bar provide high survival both for implants and overdenture. CONCLUSION In edentulous mandibles, 2-implant overdentures provide excellent long-term success and survival, including patient satisfaction and improved oral functions. To further reduce the costs a single midline implant overdenture can be a promising option. In the maxilla, overdentures supported on 4 to 6 implants splinted with a bar have demonstrated good functional results. PMID:25177466

2014-01-01

24

Tissue-supported dental implant prosthesis (overdenture): the search for the ideal protocol. A literature review  

PubMed Central

Summary Aims The success of maxillary and mandibular tissue supported implant prostheses varies in the literature, and the ideal protocol may be elusive from given the numerous studies. The oral rehabilitation option is an alternative to conventional dentures and should improve function, satisfaction, and retention. The purpose of this review article is to clarify these questions. Methods The search of literature reviews English non-anecdotal implant overdentures articles from 1991 to 2011. Results The results display an aggregate comprehensive list of categorical variables from the literature review. Overall success of maxillary and mandibular implant overdenture was respectively, 86.6% and 95.8%. Conclusion The literature indicates that the implant overdenture prosthesis provides predictable results – enhanced stability, function and a high-degree of satisfaction compared to conventional removable dentures. PMID:22783448

Laurito, Domenica; Lamazza, Luca; Spink, Michael J.; De Biase, Alberto

2012-01-01

25

The 2-Visit CAD-CAM Implant-Retained Overdenture: A Clinical Report.  

PubMed

Recently, computer-aided technology has become commercially available in the United States for fabrication of complete dentures. Manufacturers offering this technology require exclusive clinical and laboratory protocols that sharply contrast with the traditional paradigms of complete denture therapy. These protocols allow fabrication of complete dentures in only 2 clinical appointments. Currently, there are no clinical reports in the scientific literature describing the use of this technology for overdentures. This article describes the successful use of computer aided design-computer aided machining (CAD-CAM) technology for prosthodontic phase of fabrication of a mandibular implant-retained overdenture in only 2 clinical appointments. A discussion of the techniques, rationale, indications, advantages, and disadvantages of using CAD-CAM technology for complete dentures and overdentures are described in this article. PMID:23574574

Bidra, Avinash S

2014-12-01

26

An economic evaluation of maxillary implant overdentures based on six vs. four implants  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of the present study was to assess the value for money achieved by bar-retained implant overdentures based on six implants compared with four implants as treatment alternatives for the edentulous maxilla. Methods A Markov decision tree model was constructed and populated with parameter estimates for implant and denture failure as well as patient-centred health outcomes as available from recent literature. The decision scenario was modelled within a ten year time horizon and relied on cost reimbursement regulations of the German health care system. The cost-effectiveness threshold was identified above which the six-implant solution is preferable over the four-implant solution. Uncertainties regarding input parameters were incorporated via one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analysis based on Monte-Carlo simulation. Results Within a base case scenario of average treatment complexity, the cost-effectiveness threshold was identified to be 17,564 € per year of denture satisfaction gained above of which the alternative with six implants is preferable over treatment including four implants. Sensitivity analysis yielded that, depending on the specification of model input parameters such as patients’ denture satisfaction, the respective cost-effectiveness threshold varies substantially. Conclusions The results of the present study suggest that bar-retained maxillary overdentures based on six implants provide better patient satisfaction than bar-retained overdentures based on four implants but are considerably more expensive. Final judgements about value for money require more comprehensive clinical evidence including patient-centred health outcomes. PMID:25135370

2014-01-01

27

Bone resorption processes in patients wearing overdentures. A 6-years retrospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: 1. - To measure the alveolar resorption processes that occur in patients wearing mandibular overdentures on 2 implants and fully-removable maxillary dentures, and to evaluate the same process on patients wearing fully- removable dentures on both arches. 2.- To verify whether Kelly's Combination Syndrome occurs in the group of patients wearing overdentures. Method and Material: Forty patients were evaluated,

Andrés López-Roldán; Diego Santolaya Abad; Isabel Gregori Bertomeu; Emma Gómez Castillo; Eduardo Selva Otaolaurruchi

28

Improving masticatory performance, bite force, nutritional state and patient's satisfaction with implant overdentures: a systematic review of the literature.  

PubMed

Oral function with removable dentures is improved when dental implants are used for support. A variety of methods is used to measure change in masticatory performance, bite force, patient's satisfaction and nutritional state. A systematic review describing the outcome of the various methods to assess patients' appreciation has not been reported. The objective is to systematically review the literature on the possible methods to measure change in masticatory performance, bite force, patient's satisfaction and nutritional state of patients with removable dentures and to describe the outcome of these. Medline, Embase and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched (last search July 1, 2014). The search was completed by hand to identify eligible studies. Two reviewers independently assessed the articles. Articles should be written in English. Study design should be prospective. The outcome should be any assessment of function/satisfaction before and at least 1 year after treatment. Study population should consist of fully edentulous subjects. Treatment should be placement of any kind of root-form implant(s) to support a mandibular and/or maxillary overdenture. Fifty-three of 920 found articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A variety of methods was used to measure oral function; mostly follow-up was 1 year. Most studies included mandibular overdentures, three studies included maxillary overdentures. Implant-supported dentures were accompanied by high patient's satisfaction with regard to denture comfort, but this high satisfaction was not always accompanied by improvement in general quality of life (QoL) and/or health-related QoL. Bite force improved, masseter thickness increased and muscle activity in rest decreased. Patients could chew better and eat more tough foods. No changes were seen in dietary intake, BMI and blood markers. Improvements reported after 1 year apparently decreased slightly with time, at least on the long run. Treating complete denture wearers with implants to support their denture improves their chewing efficiency, increases maximum bite force and clearly improves satisfaction. The effect on QoL is uncertain, and there is no effect on nutritional state. PMID:25307515

Boven, G C; Raghoebar, G M; Vissink, A; Meijer, H J A

2015-03-01

29

A comparative clinical investigation of 2 early loaded ITI dental implants supporting an overdenture in the mandible.  

PubMed

The purpose of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the efficacy of early loading of implants and to provide evidence to support simplified treatment of mandibular edentulism by using an implant designed for 1-stage surgery, combined with ball abutments to circumvent the need for a fixed prosthodontic superstructure. Historically, the recommended time between the placement and functional loading of dental implants has been 3 months in the mandible. This recommendation is the result of a systematically chosen healing time during development of implant treatment. In recent years, histologic and experimental studies have shown that specially designed implants can result in increased bone-to-implant contact at earlier healing times. Accordingly, these implants can be placed into function faster than previously recommended. In this study, 21 patients aged between 61 and 85 years with edentulous mandibles were included. All received 2 titanium plasma-sprayed, solid-screw dental implants in the interforaminal region. Ten patients had the implants loaded with an overdenture connected with ball abutments after 3 months (control group). The other 11 patients (test group) had prostheses connected to the ball abutments after a maximum of 3 weeks. Marginal bone resorption, Periotest values, and patient satisfaction were evaluated. The cumulative post-loading implant survival rate was 100% for both groups after 24 months. Marginal bone resorption after 1 year around all implants ranged from 0 to 2 mm (no significant differences between groups; P < .05). Periotest values for all implants 1 year after loading were below zero (range -1 to -6). The results of this clinical trial suggest that successful early loading of 2 implants is possible provided there is uncomplicated implant placement. PMID:11324212

Røynesdal, A K; Amundrud, B; Hannaes, H R

2001-01-01

30

Comparison of immediate complete denture, tooth and implant-supported overdenture on vertical dimension and muscle activity  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE To compare the changes in the occlusal vertical dimension, activity of masseter muscles and biting force after insertion of immediate denture constructed with conventional, tooth-supported and Implant-supported immediate mandibular complete denture. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were selected and treatment was carried out with all the three different concepts i.e, immediate denture constructed with conventional (Group A), tooth-supported (Group B) and Implant-supported (Group C) immediate mandibular complete dentures. Parameters of evaluation and comparison were occlusal vertical dimension measured by radiograph (at three different time intervals), Masseter muscle electromyographic (EMG) measurement by EMG analysis (at three different positions of jaws) and bite force measured by force transducer (at two different time intervals). The obtained data were statistically analyzed by using ANOVA-F test at 5% level of significance. If the F test was significant, Least Significant Difference test was performed to test further significant differences between variables. RESULTS Comparison between mean differences in occlusal vertical dimension for tested groups showed that it was only statistically significant at 1 year after immediate dentures insertion. Comparison between mean differences in wavelet packet coefficients of the electromyographic signals of masseter muscles for tested groups was not significant at rest position, but significant at initial contact position and maximum voluntary clench position. Comparison between mean differences in maximum biting force for tested groups was not statistically significant at 5% level of significance. CONCLUSION Immediate complete overdentures whether tooth or implant supported prosthesis is recommended than totally mucosal supported prosthesis. PMID:22737309

Shah, Farhan Khalid; Gebreel, Ashraf; Elshokouki, Ali hamed; Habib, Ahmed Ali

2012-01-01

31

Imaging technique for the complete edentulous patient treated conventionally or with mini implant overdenture  

PubMed Central

Rationale. The imaging methods are more and more used in the clinical process of modern dentistry. Once the implant based treatment alternatives are nowadays seen as being the standard of care in edentulous patients, these techniques must be integrated in the complete denture treatment. Aim. The study presents some evaluation techniques for the edentulous patient treated by conventional dentures or mini dental implants (mini SKY Bredent) overdentures, using the profile teleradiography. These offer data useful for an optimal positioning of the artificial teeth and the mini dental implants, favoring to obtain an esthetic and functional treatment outcome. We proposed also a method to conceive a simple surgical guide that allows the prosthetically driven implants placement. Material and method. Clinical case reports were made, highlighting the importance of cephalometric evaluation on lateral teleradiographs in complete edentulous patients. A clinical case that gradually reports the surgical guide preparation (Bredent silicon radio opaque), in order to place the mini dental implants in the best prosthetic and anatomic conditions, was presented. Conclusions. The profile teleradiograph is a useful tool for the practitioner. It allows establishing the optimal site for implant placement, in a good relation with the overdenture. The conventional denture can be easily and relatively costless transformed in a surgical guide used during implant placement. PMID:23599828

Mele?canu Imre, M; Preoteasa, E; ?âncu, AM; Preoteasa, CT

2013-01-01

32

Prosthodontic treatment of an edentulous epileptic patient with an implant-retained overdenture. A case report.  

PubMed

This report describes the treatment of a completely edentulous, mentally retarded patient with epilepsy with an implant-retained overdenture, anchored by a locator system. The intractable epileptic condition of the patient with frequent grand mal seizures and complex partial seizures required a stable, well retained prosthesis, however the maxilla and the mandible were severely atrophied. The bone volume of the maxilla allowed the placement of only two implants it the region of the canines, compared with the generally required four. On long time recall, after one year, patient's chewing ability was satisfactory. PMID:25518263

Károlyházy, Katalin; Schmidt, Péter; Bogdán, Sándor; Hermann, Péter; Arányi, Zsuzsanna

2014-09-30

33

Development of patient-based questionnaire about aesthetic and functional differences between overdentures implant-supported and overdentures tooth-supported. Study of 43 patients with a follow up of 1 year  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Development of patient-based questionnaire about aesthetic and functional differences between overdentures implant-supported and overdentures tooth-supported. Study of 43 patients with a follow up of 1 year. Objective The aim of this study is to compare functional efficiency and patients satisfaction between tooth-supported and implant-supported overdenture through a questionnaire that accurately reflects the real concerns of patients with dental prosthesis. Methods Forty-three patients were selected from the out patient clinic, Department of Dentistry “Fra G.B. Orsenigo Ospedale San Pietro F.B.F.”, Rome, Italy. Their age were ranging from 61 to 83 years. Eighteen patients were rehabilitated with overdentures supported by natural teeth and twenty-five with overdentures implant-supported. Discussion and Result The questionnaire proposed one year after the insertion of the prosthetis has showed that there isn’t difference statistically significant in terms of function, phonetics and aesthetics between overdenture implant-supported and tooth-supported. Conclusions The results of the questionnaire showed that the patients generally had a high level of satisfaction concern to the masticatory function, esthetics and phonetics. In addition, on average, they haven’t difficulty in removal and insertion of the denture and in oral hygiene. They haven’t in both groups problems related to fractures. PMID:23741602

GARGARI, M.; PRETE, V.; PUJIA, M.; CERUSO, F. M.

2013-01-01

34

A 5-year prospective clinical study of Astra Tech dental implants supporting fixed bridges or overdentures in the edentulous mandible.  

PubMed

In a 5-year prospective clinical study, 155 endosseous implants were installed in the mandible anterior to the mental foramina in 33 edentulous patients (13 males and 20 females). Usually 6 implants were installed for fixed prostheses (FP), 13 patients with 77 implants, and 4 implants for overdentures (OD) with a Dolder bar, 20 patients with 78 implants. At the time of abutment connection 1 implant in 2 patients was found to be loose and removed. However, in both these patients overdentures were successfully placed on the remaining 3 implants. Narrow-beam radiography was used for radiological evaluation. The mean (SD) total marginal bone loss in 5 years was 0.48 (0.38) mm (0.36 (0.22) mm in the FP group and 0.56 (0.45) mm in the OD group). Very few complications were reported during the 5 years, most of them being related to the superstructures. The overall cumulative implant survival rate was 98.7% (100% in the FP group and 97.4% in the OD group). The survival rate of the superstructures was 100%. The present study has demonstrated that Astra Tech implants offer reliable and predictable medium-term support for fixed prostheses and overdentures in the edentulous mandible. PMID:9555206

Makkonen, T A; Holmberg, S; Niemi, L; Olsson, C; Tammisalo, T; Peltola, J

1997-12-01

35

Fabrication of implant overdentures that are passive and biocompatible.  

PubMed

Passive-fitting mesostructures and superstructures are required to be superimposed on osseointegrated endosseous implants. The tightening of an inaccurate framework to the abutments will transmit stresses to the bone-implant interface. Precision, until now, has been inconsistent and unpredictable with conventional methods of casting, soldering, and welding techniques. By machining the framework with the Spark Erosion method using electrodischarge machining, a substantial improvement in the passive seat of the prosthetic elements is achieved. Chemical reactions caused by galvanic corrosion are also important factors in the precise approach to the treatment planning of implant-supported prostheses. The application of a pure 11.8% grade 1 titanium casting system allows the restorative team to fabricate porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns and bridges, conventional fixed-removable restorations and implant prostheses in pure titanium within completely biocompatible parameters that are absolutely mercury free. This article explains why the spark erosion machining and the unique titanium casting system have a significant impact on today's implant dentistry. PMID:11307240

Renner, A M

2000-01-01

36

Maxillary overdentures supported by four splinted direct metal laser sintering implants: a 3-year prospective clinical study.  

PubMed

Purpose. Nowadays, the advancements in direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) technology allow the fabrication of titanium dental implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate implant survival, complications, and peri-implant marginal bone loss of DMLS implants used to support bar-retained maxillary overdentures. Materials and Methods. Over a 2-year period, 120 implants were placed in the maxilla of 30 patients (18 males, 12 females) to support bar-retained maxillary overdentures (ODs). Each OD was supported by 4 implants splinted by a rigid cobalt-chrome bar. At each annual follow-up session, clinical and radiographic parameters were assessed. The outcome measures were implant failure, biological and prosthetic complications, and peri-implant marginal bone loss (distance between the implant shoulder and the first visible bone-to-implant contact, DIB). Results. The 3-year implant survival rate was 97.4% (implant-based) and 92.9% (patient-based). Three implants failed. The incidence of biological complication was 3.5% (implant-based) and 7.1% (patient-based). The incidence of prosthetic complication was 17.8% (patient-based). No detrimental effects on marginal bone level were evidenced. Conclusions. The use of 4 DMLS titanium implants to support bar-retained maxillary ODs seems to represent a safe and successful procedure. Long-term clinical studies on a larger sample of patients are needed to confirm these results. PMID:25580124

Mangano, Francesco; Luongo, Fabrizia; Shibli, Jamil Awad; Anil, Sukumaran; Mangano, Carlo

2014-01-01

37

Maxillary Overdentures Supported by Four Splinted Direct Metal Laser Sintering Implants: A 3-Year Prospective Clinical Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose. Nowadays, the advancements in direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) technology allow the fabrication of titanium dental implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate implant survival, complications, and peri-implant marginal bone loss of DMLS implants used to support bar-retained maxillary overdentures. Materials and Methods. Over a 2-year period, 120 implants were placed in the maxilla of 30 patients (18 males, 12 females) to support bar-retained maxillary overdentures (ODs). Each OD was supported by 4 implants splinted by a rigid cobalt-chrome bar. At each annual follow-up session, clinical and radiographic parameters were assessed. The outcome measures were implant failure, biological and prosthetic complications, and peri-implant marginal bone loss (distance between the implant shoulder and the first visible bone-to-implant contact, DIB). Results. The 3-year implant survival rate was 97.4% (implant-based) and 92.9% (patient-based). Three implants failed. The incidence of biological complication was 3.5% (implant-based) and 7.1% (patient-based). The incidence of prosthetic complication was 17.8% (patient-based). No detrimental effects on marginal bone level were evidenced. Conclusions. The use of 4 DMLS titanium implants to support bar-retained maxillary ODs seems to represent a safe and successful procedure. Long-term clinical studies on a larger sample of patients are needed to confirm these results. PMID:25580124

Mangano, Francesco; Shibli, Jamil Awad; Anil, Sukumaran

2014-01-01

38

Randomized prospective clinical trial of two implant systems for overdenture treatment: a comparison of the 2-year and 5-year results using the clinical implant performance scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a prospective randomized clinical trial, edentulous patients were treated with dental implants and overdentures. The results of treatment with two IMZ® implants connected by a Dolderbar, and a transmandibular implant (TMI) were compared. By using the clinical implant performance scale, the clinical and radiographic data were evaluated and compared after a two-year and five-year follow up. After the five-year

J. M. Kwakman; R. A. C. A. Voorsmit; H. P. M. Freihofer; M. A. J. Van Waas; M. E. Geertman

1998-01-01

39

Implant overdenture impressions using a dynamic impression concept  

PubMed Central

A dynamic impression is a functional impression that records the functional movement of the patient's own muscle and muscle attachment. This process reduces the number of random factors. This article describes a method for making a special tray using a dynamic impression concept that was made from provisional dentures used for implant healing. The individual tray is used to make a wash-impression to record the features of the mucosa in detail. The main advantage of this technique is that it provides a functional relationship of the implant components to the supporting tissues without overextension because provisional denture had been used for 2 months and the border length of individual tray was nearly the same as that of provisional denture. The delivery of the prosthesis constructed using this impression technique is time-saving because there is no need for border molding and there are fewer post-insertion appliance adjustments. PMID:24605209

Lee, Byung-Kil; Park, Sang-Hun; Lee, Cheong-Hee

2014-01-01

40

Stress-strain distribution at bone-implant interface of two splinted overdenture systems using 3D finite element analysis  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE This study was accomplished to assess the biomechanical state of different retaining methods of bar implant-overdenture. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two 3D finite element models were designed. The first model included implant overdenture retained by Hader-clip attachment, while the second model included two extracoronal resilient attachment (ERA) studs added distally to Hader splint bar. A non-linear frictional contact type was assumed between overdentures and mucosa to represent sliding and rotational movements among different attachment components. A 200 N was applied at the molar region unilaterally and perpendicular to the occlusal plane. Additionally, the mandible was restrained at their ramus ends. The maximum equivalent stress and strain (von Mises) were recorded and analyzed at the bone-implant interface level. RESULTS The values of von Mises stress and strain of the first model at bone-implant interface were higher than their counterparts of the second model. Stress concentration and high value of strain were recognized surrounding implant of the unloaded side in both models. CONCLUSION There were different patterns of stress-strain distribution at bone-implant interface between the studied attachment designs. Hader bar-clip attachment showed better biomechanical behavior than adding ERA studs distal to hader bar. PMID:24049576

2013-01-01

41

Implant overdenture using a locator bar system by drill and tapping technique in a mandible edentulous patient: a case report  

PubMed Central

Various options have been introduced for the selection of implant overdenture attachments. Attachment wear due to the repeated insertion and removal of dentures has caused problems such as decreased retention and the requirement for suprastructure remanufacturing. In these cases, a Locator bar system was applied using the drill and tapping technique to achieve total retrievability. In a 55-year-old female patient who showed three degrees of mobility in most of her teeth due to severe alveolar bone loss, a complete denture in the maxilla and an implant supported type overdenture in the mandible were planned after extracting all the remaining teeth. Six implants were placed from canine region to the distal molar region, and the locator was connected to the milled bar using the drill and tapping technique. For a 61-year-old female edentulous patient who complained of poor retention with old denture, a complete denture in the maxilla and an implant-tissue supported type overdenture in the mandible were planned. Four implants were placed in front of mental foramen, and the Locator was also connected to the Hader bar using the drill and tapping technique. With this technique, female parts can be easily replaced, and retention can be continuously maintained. PMID:22737318

Kim, Min-Su; Yoon, Mi-Jung; Huh, Jung-Bo; Jeon, Young-Chan

2012-01-01

42

Single dental implant retained mandibular complete dentures – influence of the loading protocol: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Over the years, there has been a strong consensus in dentistry that at least two implants are required to retain a complete mandibular denture. It has been shown in several clinical trials that one single median implant can retain a mandibular overdenture sufficiently well for up to 5 years without implant failures, when delayed loading was used. However, other trials have reported conflicting results with in part considerable failure rates when immediate loading was applied. Therefore it is the purpose of the current randomized clinical trial to test the hypothesis that immediate loading of a single mandibular midline implant with an overdenture will result in a comparable clinical outcome as using the standard protocol of delayed loading. Methods/design This prospective nine-center randomized controlled clinical trial is still ongoing. The final patient will complete the trial in 2016. In total, 180 edentulous patients between 60 and 89 years with sufficient complete dentures will receive one median implant in the edentulous mandible, which will retain the existing complete denture using a ball attachment. Loading of the median implant is either immediately after implant placement (experimental group) or delayed by 3 months of submerged healing at second-stage surgery (control group). Follow-up of patients will be performed for 24 months after implant loading. The primary outcome measure is non-inferiority of implant success rate of the experimental group compared to the control group. The secondary outcome measures encompass clinical, technical and subjective variables. The study was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German research foundation, KE 477/8-1). Discussion This multi-center clinical trial will give information on the ability of a single median implant to retain a complete mandibular denture when immediately loaded. If viable, this treatment option will strongly improve everyday dental practice. Trial registration The trial has been registered at Deutsches Register Klinischer Studien (German register of clinical trials) under DRKS-ID: DRKS00003730 since 23 August 2012. (http://www.germanctr.de). PMID:24884848

2014-01-01

43

Assessment of Candida species colonization and denture-related stomatitis in bar- and locator-retained overdentures.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of denture-related stomatitis (DRS) in different attachment-retained overdenture wearers and its association with particular colonizing Candida species. Thirty-seven edentulous patients with implant-supported maxillary or mandibular overdentures were enrolled. A full clinical history was obtained, including details of patients' oral hygiene practices and the levels of erythema based on Newton's classification scale. Swabs were taken from the palate and investigated mycologically to identify the yeast colonies. Quantitative and qualitative microbiological assessments were performed, which included recording the total numbers of colonies (cfu), their color, and their morphological characteristics. Significant differences were found in cfu values between the attachment and inner surfaces of locator- and bar-retained overdentures (P < .05). Candida albicans was the most common species in both evaluations, being isolated from 81.3% of bar-retained overdentures and 38.1% of locator-retained overdentures. DRS developed in all patients using bar-retained overdentures but in only 71.4% of those using locator-retained overdentures. No statistically significant relationship was found between bar and locator attachments according to smoking habit, overnight removal, or plaque and gingival indices (P > .05). PMID:25295886

Kilic, Kerem; Koc, Ayse Nedret; Tekinsen, Fatma Filiz; Yildiz, Pinar; Kilic, Duygu; Zararsiz, Gokmen; Kilic, Erdem

2014-10-01

44

Telescopic Overdenture Supported by a Combination of Tooth and an Implant: A Clinical Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conventional modality of treatment of partial edentulousness with reduced number of teeth was to render them complete\\u000a edentulous and provide them complete denture or an overdenture with support of few remaining teeth. The goal of maintenance\\u000a of roots are to prevent alveolar bone resorption, provide better load transmission, maintain sensory feedback and achieve\\u000a better stability of denture with emphasis

Ponsekar A. Abraham; Pradeep Koka; K. Murugesan; M. Vasanthakumar

2010-01-01

45

Restoration of the partially edentulous mouth — a comparison of overdentures, removable partial dentures, fixed partial dentures and implant treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Loss of posterior teeth may result in the loss of neuromuscular stability of the mandible, reduced masticatory efficiency, loss of vertical dimension of occlusion and poor aesthetics. Prosthetic rehabilitation should aim at restoring the vertical dimension and increasing the occlusal contact area in the premolar\\/molar region. Overdentures are particularly indicated in patients with a severe loss of periodontal attachment,

E. Budtz-Jörgensen

1996-01-01

46

Reconstruction of residual alveolar cleft defects with one-stage mandibular bone grafts and osseointegrated implants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study evaluates a treatment regimen for reconstruction of residual maxillary alveolar cleft defects consisting of mandibular bone grafting and immediate implant installation.Patients and Methods: Sixteen cleft patients (five female and 11 male) had residual cleft defects of the alveolar ridge reconstructed with bone grafts from the mandibular symphyseal region. The bone graft was pretapped at the donor site

John Jensen; Steen Sindet-Pedersen; Hans Enemark

1998-01-01

47

A functional open-tray impression technique for implant-retained overdenture prostheses.  

PubMed

Several implant impression techniques with different materials have been described in the literature. Generally, border molding, functional, and final impressions have been made with 3 different materials, which makes the procedure technique-sensitive and time-consuming. A combination of open-tray and functional impression techniques is described in this technical report. Border molding and functional impression procedures are made at the same time using a vinyl polysiloxane impression material, which makes this technique a simple and time-efficient alternative for clinicians. PMID:21651416

Ozcelik, Tuncer Burak; Yilmaz, Burak

2012-10-01

48

Effect of implants on maximum bite force in edentulous patients.  

PubMed

One of the main goals of prosthetic dentistry is to reconstruct the masticatory system. Replacing missing teeth by complete or partial denture is associated with decreased bite force and patient satisfaction. The aim of the present study was to measure the maximum bite force (MBF) and to evaluate patients' satisfaction from their conventional complete dentures and their mandibular implant-supported overdentures opposed by complete denture. In this cross sectional analytical descriptive study, seventy-five 45- to 65-year-old patients were divided into 3 groups wearing: (1) conventional complete dentures for up to 6 months; (2) conventional complete dentures for 10 years or more; and (3) complete maxillary dentures opposing mandibular implant-supported overdentures. Bite force was measured by means of electronic bite force measuring device with strain gauges. Three measurements were made on each side on the first molar region and the mean values were recorded. Patient satisfaction was also recorded using questionnaires. Results were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA), t test, chi-square, and Pearson correlation test. The mean MBF for the first, the second, and the third group was, respectively, 5.65 +/- 1.46 kgf, 7.01 +/- 2.1 kgf, and 12.22 +/- 27 kgf. The difference between MBF in patients with overdentures and in patients with conventional complete dentures was statistically significant (P = .001). Patient satisfaction with mandibular implant-supported overdentures was recorded as "great." Results indicated MBF in the patients with mandibular implant-supported overdentures was significantly higher than that of patients with conventional complete dentures. This difference may indicate the important role of dental implants in the improvement of bite force and chewing efficiency and therefore patients' satisfaction. PMID:19813425

Rismanchian, Mansour; Bajoghli, Farshad; Mostajeran, Zahra; Fazel, Akbar; Eshkevari, P sadr

2009-01-01

49

21 CFR 874.3695 - Mandibular implant facial prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...reconstruction of mandibular deficits. The device is made of materials such as stainless steel, tantalum, titanium, cobalt-chromium based alloy, polytetrafluoroethylene, silicone elastomer, polyethylene, polyurethane, or...

2010-04-01

50

An Alternative Technique for Fabrication of Frameworks in an Immediate Loading Implant Fixed Mandibular Prosthesis  

PubMed Central

The oral rehabilitation of edentulous patients with immediate loading has become a safe procedure with high predictability. The success is related to immediate fabrication of a passive fit framework to attach the implants. Based on these considerations, this case report shows an alternative technique for mandibular rehabilitation using implants immediately loaded, where the framework was fabricated using cylinders with internal reinforcement and precast pieces, electrowelding, and conventional welding providing esthetics and function to the patient in a short period of time. PMID:25628899

Paleari, André Gustavo; Presoto, Cristina Dupim; Vasconcelos, Juliano Alencar; Nunes Reis, José Maurício dos Santos; Pinelli, Lígia Antunes Pereira; Tavares da Silva, Regina Helena Barbosa; Quishida, Cristiane Campos Costa

2015-01-01

51

An alternative technique for fabrication of frameworks in an immediate loading implant fixed mandibular prosthesis.  

PubMed

The oral rehabilitation of edentulous patients with immediate loading has become a safe procedure with high predictability. The success is related to immediate fabrication of a passive fit framework to attach the implants. Based on these considerations, this case report shows an alternative technique for mandibular rehabilitation using implants immediately loaded, where the framework was fabricated using cylinders with internal reinforcement and precast pieces, electrowelding, and conventional welding providing esthetics and function to the patient in a short period of time. PMID:25628899

Paleari, André Gustavo; Presoto, Cristina Dupim; Vasconcelos, Juliano Alencar; Nunes Reis, José Maurício Dos Santos; Pinelli, Lígia Antunes Pereira; Tavares da Silva, Regina Helena Barbosa; Quishida, Cristiane Campos Costa

2015-01-01

52

Outcome of partial mandibular reconstruction with fibula grafts and implant-supported prostheses.  

PubMed

This study sought to evaluate the outcome of patients treated with fibula grafts for partial mandibular reconstruction and implant-supported prosthesis at a Danish university hospital. Patient inclusion criteria were: partial mandibular resection, reconstruction with a fibula graft, and treatment during the period 1998-2011. Patients with incomplete medical records were excluded. Thirty-six patients were included, of whom 16 were treated with an implant-supported prosthesis. Relevant presurgical, intraoperative, and postoperative parameters were registered. The fibula graft survival rate at the last follow-up (mean follow-up 22 months, range 0-89 months) was 97%. Half of the patients experienced non-severe complications such as loosening of osteosynthesis material, fistulae, and graft exposure. One of 37 fibula grafts in the 36 patients was removed due to infection. The implant survival rate was 96%; three of 67 implants were lost due to infection. Eight implants were not included in the prosthetic rehabilitation. Fibula graft surgery for mandibular reconstruction was found to be a reliable treatment modality with a high survival rate. Rehabilitation with implant-supported prostheses was characterized by high survival rates and few complications. The results obtained are comparable to those of previous studies. PMID:23773236

Parbo, N; Murra, N T; Andersen, K; Buhl, J; Kiil, B; Nørholt, S E

2013-11-01

53

Strain of implants depending on occlusion types in mandibular implant-supported fixed prostheses  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE This study investigated the strain of implants using a chewing simulator with strain gauges in mandibular implant-supported fixed prostheses under various dynamic loads. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three implant-supported 5-unit fixed prostheses were fabricated with three different occlusion types (Group I: Canine protected occlusion, Group II: Unilaterally balanced occlusion, Group III: Bilaterally balanced occlusion). Two strain gauges were attached to each implant abutment. The programmed dynamic loads (0 - 300 N) were applied using a chewing simulator (MTS 858 Mini Bionix II systems, MTS systems corp., Minn, USA) and the strains were monitored. The statistical analyses were performed using the paired t-test and the ANOVA. RESULTS The mean strain values (MSV) for the working sides were 151.83 µ?, 176.23 µ?, and 131.07 µ? for Group I, Group II, and Group III, respectively. There was a significant difference between Group II and Group III (P < .05). Also, the MSV for non-working side were 58.29 µ?, 72.64 µ?, and 98.93 µ? for Group I, Group II, and Group III, respectively. One was significantly different from the others with a 95% confidence interval (P < .05). CONCLUSION The MSV for the working side of Groups I and II were significantly different from that for the non-working side (Group I: t = 7.58, Group II: t = 6.25). The MSV for the working side of Group II showed significantly larger than that of Group III (P < .01). Lastly, the MSV for the non-working side of Group III showed significantly larger than those of Group I or Group II (P < .01). PMID:21503186

Sohn, Byoung-Sup; Heo, Seong-Joo; Koak, Jai-Young; Kim, Seong-Kyun

2011-01-01

54

Experimental findings on customized mandibular implants in Göttingen minipigs - a pilot study.  

PubMed

Reconstructing continuity defects of the mandible is still challenging for surgeons. The currently applied conventional titanium bridging plates have considerable rates of complications. Now, a new technology enables an individual shape-identical creation of a mandibular implant in a form-board design by the method of LaserCUSING using pure titanium. This technology has been successfully performed in previous examinations to individually reconstruct mandibular continuity defects. This pilot study evaluated the surgical procedure in 10 female Göttingen mini pigs. First, a computed tomography scan from a mini pig cranium was performed. A three-dimensional model of the mandible was designed by data conversion. Based on the data, a customized mandibular implant resembling the natural shape was virtually created and manufactured. Then, a continuity defect of the left mandible was created in a standardized way. The implants were inserted into the defect and the wounds were allowed to heal for 21, 35, 56 and 180 days. During the healing period, no signs of inflammation or infection were observed. After the sacrifice of the minipigs the mandibles were resected. Histological microsections using Donath's sawing and grinding technique were manufactured and stained with Masson Goldner trichrome staining. The histomorphological results showed a pronounced ossification at the outer and inner surface of the implants. This animal study describes a promising approach to optimize customized implants for the application in humans. PMID:24189298

Markwardt, J; Sembdner, P; Lesche, R; Jung, R; Spekl, K; Mai, R; Schulz, M C; Reitemeier, B

2014-01-01

55

Prosthodontic Management of Flat Mandibular Ridge by Mini Implant Supported Over Denture  

PubMed Central

Loosening of lower denture has always been a common complaint of denture wearer, particularly in case of severe bone resorption. Various treatment modalities including preprosthetic surgery or ridge augmentation therapy to improve the ridge height and conventional implant treatments are available. But many patients are not willing to undergo through such extensive surgical procedure or conventional twin stage implant therapy owing to the chronic old age ailment and cost factor. So mini implant (SENDAX MDI) supported over denture is a boon for them who want a quick and minimally invasive solution, with a much lower cost. In this article we shall discuss the case report of a 60-year-old female patient with atropic mandibular ridge rehabilitated with MDI, (mini dental implant), Sendax mini implant. PMID:25177653

Garhnayak, Lokanath; Dev, Shruti; Kar, Aswini Kumar; Mohapatra, Abhijita

2014-01-01

56

An early loaded implant-supported mandibular complete arch fixed prosthesis in a young completely edentulous patient: a case report.  

PubMed

The restoration of the mandibular arch up to the first molars with 5 one-piece implants presents a viable and cost-effective treatment plan in patients with adequate bone volume and favorable ridge relationships. The early loading of the implants with a provisional restoration reduces the period of edentulousness and restores the patient's ability to eat, talk, and smile effectively. Implants in younger patients prevent resorption of the residual alveolar ridge. This article presents a case report of the restoration of an edentulous mandibular arch with an early loaded implant-supported fixed restoration in a young patient. PMID:21905889

Mathew, Miriam; John, Bobby; George, Arun

2013-08-01

57

Long-term skeletal effects of mandibular symphyseal distraction osteogenesis. An implant study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term skeletal effects of mandibular symphyseal distraction osteogenesis (MSDO) with a tooth- and bone-borne distraction device, analysed using the metallic implant method. The study sample comprised 20 patients between 15.8 and 25 years of age, with a mean age of 20.01 +/- 2.25 years at the start of treatment. In 12 subjects, titanium implants were inserted in the mandible to analyse mandibular skeletal changes in the short and long term. A custom-made intraoral, tooth- and bone-borne distractor was designed and used. After a latency period of 7 days, the distractor was activated twice daily, by a total amount of 1 mm. Postero-anterior (PA) cephalograms were obtained at the start of distraction and at the end of consolidation (94.95 +/- 5.79 days after surgery) and follow-up periods (21.5 +/- 4.6 months after consolidation). The data were analysed statistically using paired t-tests. The mean amount of screw activation was 8.10 +/- 1.68 mm. The inter-symphyseal and inter-molar implant distances and the bimolar width significantly increased during the consolidation period (P < 0.001) and were maintained at the end of the follow-up. On the other hand, the bicondylar width was markedly decreased (P < 0.05), while no significant skeletal changes were observed in bigonion and biantigonion widths, inter-ramal implant distance, or inter-ramal and implant angles at the end of the consolidation period. The long-term findings of this study indicate that MSDO provides an efficient and stable non-extraction treatment alternative, mainly by increasing the anterior mandibular skeletal and dental arches. PMID:16043467

Iseri, Haluk; Malkoç, Siddik

2005-10-01

58

Theoretical role of adjunctive implant positional support in stress distribution of distal-extension mandibular removable partial dentures.  

PubMed

This preliminary study evaluated the adjunctive supporting role of diverse implant positions on stress distribution in a Class I removable partial denture (RPD) design. Nine three-dimensional finite element models were prepared to simulate mandibular RPD designs with three different loading conditions applied. Implant supported designs demonstrated lower stress value concentrations and mucosal displacement. PMID:25390876

Xiao, Wei; Li, Zhiyong; Shen, Shiqian; Chen, Shaowu; Wang, Yining; Wang, Jiawei

2014-01-01

59

A comparative study on complete and implant retained denture treatments - A biomechanics perspective.  

PubMed

Although implant-retained overdenture allows edentulous patients to take higher occlusal forces than the conventional complete dentures, the biomechanical influences have not been explored yet. Clinically, there is limited knowledge and means for predicting localized bone remodelling after denture treatment with and without implant support. By using finite element (FE) analysis, this article provides an in-silico approach to exploring the treatment effects on the oral mucosa and potential resorption of residual ridge under three different denture configurations in a patient-specific manner. Based on cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) scans, a 3D heterogeneous FE model was created; and the supportive tissue, mucosa, was characterized as a hyperelastic material. A measured occlusal load (63N) was applied onto three virtual models, namely complete denture, two and four implant-retained overdentures. Clinically, the bone resorption was measured after one year in the two implant-retained overdenture treatment. Despite the improved stability and enhanced masticatory function, the implant-retained overdentures demonstrated higher hydrostatic stress in mucosa (43.6kPa and 39.9kPa for two and four implants) at the posterior ends of the mandible due to the cantilever effect, than the complete denture (33.4kPa). Hydrostatic pressure in the mucosa signifies a critical indicator and can be correlated with clinically measured bone resorption, pointing to severer mandibular ridge resorption posteriorly with implant-retained overdentures. This study provides a biomechanical basis for denture treatment planning to improve long-term outcomes with minimal residual ridge resorption. PMID:25560272

Chen, Junning; Ahmad, Rohana; Suenaga, Hanako; Li, Wei; Swain, Michael; Li, Qing

2015-02-01

60

Use of Orthodontic Mini-Implants for Maxillomandibular Fixation in Mandibular Fracture  

PubMed Central

Orthodontic appliances for skeletal anchorage are becoming increasingly more common in clinical practice. Similarly, different terms such as mini-implants, microimplants, and miniscrews have been used. There is a wide array of appliances currently on the market, in different designs and sizes, diameters, degree of titanium purity, and surface treatment. These appliances have been used for a variety of indications, including tooth retraction, intrusion, and traction. This study aimed to report the clinical case of a 19-year-old patient with a fractured mandible and to propose a novel use of mini-implants: the perioperative placement of mini-implants as anchors for maxillomandibular fixation steel wire ligatures. We concluded that this appliance provides an effective maxillomandibular fixation in patients with mandibular fracture, with little increase in the cost of surgery. PMID:23205173

Pires, Mario Sergio Medeiros; Reinhardt, Leandro Calcagno; Antonello, Guilherme de Marco; Torres do Couto, Ricardo

2011-01-01

61

Remedy for Repeated Implant Retained Denture Fracture-A Challenging Case Report  

PubMed Central

The most common site of fracture in a maxillary or a mandibular complete denture is along an anteroposterior line that coincides with the labial notch in in the denture which used to provide the frenum relief. Osseointegrated implants have been a boon to the patients who are completelly edentulous and are not satisfied with the conventional removable complete denture approach.Implant supported dentures have proven to provide superior retention and support for removable complete dentures. Nevertheless, fracture of the denture bases is a common complication of implant-supported mandibular overlay dentures,ecspecially when the artificial denture is opposing natural dentition. This article describes and illustrates a method of reinforcing implant-supported mandibular overdentures to overcome this problem. PMID:25584333

Reddy M, Ramu; Metta, Kiran Kumar; Charry N, Sudheer; B, Chittaranjan

2014-01-01

62

Implant-supported fixed restoration of post-traumatic mandibular defect accompanied with skin grafting: A clinical report  

PubMed Central

Traumatic defects are mostly accompanied by hard and soft tissue loss. This report describes the surgical and prosthetic treatment of a patient with post-traumatic mandibular defect. A split-thickness skin graft was performed prior to implant placement and prefabricated acrylic stent was placed to hold the graft in place. The esthetic and functional demands of the patient were fulfilled by implant-supported screw-retained fixed prosthesis using CAD-CAM technology. PMID:23508120

Noh, Kwantae; Choi, Woo-Jin

2013-01-01

63

Effect of denture adhesive on retention of the mandibular and maxillary dentures during function.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of denture adhesive on retention of mandibular and maxillary dentures over a four-hour period. Denture movements were measured using an alternating magnetic field tracking device that determines the position of magnetic receiver coils relative to a transmitter coil positioned over the head. Ten adults with complete maxillary dentures and complete mandibular implant overdentures were enrolled in the study. Specially fabricated mandibular dentures contained a relief area that exposed the implant post which no longer anchored the denture, but now served as an attachment point for a receiver coil that measured mandibular movement. The denture coil was attached lateral to the post coil on a shelf cut into the denture. Mandibular denture movements were recorded as the difference between the mandible movement signal and the mandible + mandibular denture signals. Measurements of denture movements were made at baseline (no adhesive) and at 0, 2, 4 hours post-adhesive application with Fixodent cream for standardized chewing and biting. The MoveTrack signals were recorded on a digital data cassette recorder for subsequent computer analysis. The results of the measurements were analyzed using paired sample t-tests. Specifically, the following comparisons of movement means were made: mandibular vs. maxillary, baseline vs. post-baseline and successive changes (e.g., baseline vs. hour 0, hour 0 vs. hour 2, etc.). Results of these analyses showed that: 1) mandibular denture movements under both adhesive and non-adhesive conditions were significantly greater than maxillary denture movements; 2) the adhesive significantly reduced movement of the maxillary and mandibular dentures during both chewing and biting; and 3) the improvement occurred immediately post-application of the adhesive and was maintained for the four hours of follow-up. PMID:11460279

Grasso, J; Gay, T; Rendell, J; Baker, R; Knippenberg, S; Finkeldey, J; Zhou, X; Winston, J L

2000-01-01

64

Dental implant placement after mandibular reconstruction by microvascular free fibula flap: current knowledge and remaining questions.  

PubMed

Mandibular reconstruction by microvascular free fibula flap has dramatically improved the quality of life of patients treated by interruptive surgery. A simple prosthesis can be used for dental rehabilitation but in many cases, these prostheses remain nonfunctional. The use of osseointegrated implants restores both function and aesthetics. The technique for implantation in fibula flap is very similar to the technique in native mandible but access to the bone is the most difficult step of the surgery. The success rate for osteointegration ranges from 86% to 99% but the success rate of the prosthesis is much lower. This difference could be explained by the vertical discrepancy between the graft and the remaining mandible, which leads to an unfavourable implant-crown ratio. The quality of soft tissues is also a limiting factor for the prosthesis, and hypertrophy often appears after the placement of the abutments. The type of the prosthesis (fixed or removable) should also be discussed. Occlusal considerations should be highlighted as occlusion remains abnormal in many cases. Three-dimensional imaging might help in the planning of these complex reconstructions. A close collaboration between the maxillo-facial surgeon, the oral surgeon and the prosthodontist is necessary to obtain good results. PMID:21873106

Anne-Gaëlle, Bodard; Samuel, Salino; Julie, Bémer; Renaud, Lucas; Pierre, Breton

2011-12-01

65

Mandibular reconstruction using autologous iliac bone and titanium mesh reinforced by laser welding for implant placement.  

PubMed

Segmental mandibulectomy is a treatment option for benign and malignant neoplasms of the mandible. Although reconstructing the mandible of a patient with a missing segment is difficult, it is essential to improve the postoperative course of the patient. Mandibular reconstruction using titanium mesh is a useful technique for dental implant placement because the morphology of the mandible can be easily reproduced. However, fitting titanium mesh to the remaining mandible is not an easy task during surgery. The present report introduces a method in which a 3-dimensional skull model fabricated by means of stereolithography is prepared, based on computerized tomography (CT) scans, to construct a titanium mesh cage matching the shape of the mandible, preoperatively. Furthermore, the load-bearing area of the titanium mesh cage is reinforced by laser welding another layer of titanium mesh to reduce the incidence of metal fatigue during jaw movement. PMID:19216287

Yamashita, Yoshio; Yamaguchi, Yoshimasa; Tsuji, Mitsuhiro; Shigematsu, Masahito; Goto, Masaaki

2008-01-01

66

Pain Sensation and Postsurgical Complications in Posterior Mandibular Implant Placement Using Ridge Mapping, Panoramic Radiography, and Infiltration Anesthesia  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate intrasurgical and after surgical, pain and the incidence of after surgical alteration of sensation in the mandible and lower lip when placing implants in the posterior mandible using ridge mapping, panoramic radiography, and infiltration anesthesia. Methods. This was a longitudinal clinical study of healthy patients needing implant placement in the posterior mandible. After thorough examination and treatment plan using ridge mapping and panoramic radiography, all patients received dental implants under local infiltration anesthesia. The patients were then given a questionnaire to assess the pain during anesthesia and implant surgery. Change of sensation in the lower lip was evaluated by standard neurosensory examination tests at 7 days and 1 and 4 months. Prosthetic treatment was carried out 4 months postsurgery and the patients were followed for an average of 28.5 months afterwards. Results. A total of 103 implants were placed in 62 patients. Patients reported very minor pain during injection. No pain was reported during either implant placement or bone grafting procedures. No alteration of sensation in the mandible or lower lip was recorded postsurgery. Conclusion. In most cases, ridge mapping, panoramic radiography, and infiltration anesthesia are sufficient for posterior mandibular implant placement without pain or complications. PMID:23762571

2013-01-01

67

Evaluation of Micromovements and Stresses around Single Wide-Diameter and Double Implants for Replacing Mandibular Molar: A Three-Dimensional FEA  

PubMed Central

Purpose. The purpose of this finite element study was to compare stresses, strains, and displacements of double versus single implant, in immediate loading for replacing mandibular molar. Materials and Methods. Two 3D FEM models were made to simulate implant designs. The first model used 6?mm wide-diameter implant to support a single molar crown. The second model used 3.75-3.75 double implant design. Each model was analyzed with a single force magnitude of 70?N in oblique axis in three locations. Results. This FEM study suggested that micromotion can be well controlled by both double implants and 6?mm single wide-diameter implant. The Von Mises stress for double implant had 31%–43% stress reduction compared to the 6?mm implant. Conclusion. Within the limitations of the paper, when the mesiodistal space for artificial tooth is more than 12.5?mm, under immediate loading, the double implant support should be considered. PMID:22461992

Desai, Shrikar R.; Karthikeyan, I.; Singh, Rika

2012-01-01

68

The effect of glycine-powder airflow and hand instrumentation on peri-implant soft tissues: a split-mouth pilot study.  

PubMed

Fifteen edentulous patients with overdentures supported by two implants in the mandibular canine regions received periodontal therapy using both hand instrumentation with Teflon curettes and a glycine-based airflow system. Periodontal probing depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP), and bacterial content (BC) within the gingival sulcus were analyzed. A significant effect modification of the glycine airflow with respect to time was found for PPD (P = .01), BOP (P < .001), and BC (P = .004), which were treated as ordered categorical variables. Glycine airflow may be more effective than Teflon curettes for the maintenance of periimplant soft tissues. PMID:23342332

Mussano, Federico; Rovasio, Stefania; Schierano, Gianmario; Baldi, Ileana; Carossa, Stefano

2013-01-01

69

Five years follow-up of implant-prosthetic rehabilitation on a patient after mandibular ameloblastoma removal and ridge reconstruction by fibula graft and bone distraction  

PubMed Central

This case report presents a combination of surgical and prosthetic solutions applied to a case of oral implant rehabilitation in post-oncologic reconstructed mandible. Bone resection due to surgical treatment of large mandibular neoplasm can cause long-span defects. Currently, mandibular fibula free flap graft is widely considered as a reliable technique for restoring this kind of defect. It restores the continuity of removed segment and re-establishes the contour of the lower jaw. However, the limited height of grafted fibula does not allow the insertion of regular length implants, therefore favouring vertical distraction osteogenesis as an important treatment choice. This report presents a patient affected by extensive mandibular ameloblastoma who underwent surgical reconstruction by fibula free flap because of partial mandibular resection. Guided distraction osteoneogenesis technique was applied to grafted bone, in order to obtain adequate bone height and to realize a prosthetically guided placement of 8 fixtures. After osseointegration, the patient was rehabilitated with a full arch, screw-retained prosthetic restoration. At five-years follow up, excellent integration of grafted tissue, steady levels of bone around the fixtures and healthy peri-implant tissues were reported. PMID:22623943

Oteri, Giacomo; Ponte, Francesco Saverio De; Pisano, Michele; Cicciù, Marco

2012-01-01

70

Mandibular reconstruction with a prefabricated free vascularized fibula and implant-supported prosthesis based on fully three-dimensional virtual planning.  

PubMed

Because optimal reconstruction of maxillofacial defects requires functional rehabilitation, the current study demonstrates the successful secondary reconstruction of a large mandibular continuity defect using a fully digitally planned prefabricated free vascularized fibula with immediate implant-supported prosthodontic restoration. A 56-year-old man presented with a large mandibular continuity defect after resection of an enlarged squamous cell carcinoma arising from the floor of the mouth. For secondary reconstruction, the shape of the neomandible and implant position for support of the lower prosthesis were planned virtually. The combined cutting and drilling guide was printed in 3 dimensions. In a 2-step surgical approach, first, the implants were inserted into the fibula and covered with a split-thickness skin graft to form a neogingiva. In a second operation, the fibula was harvested, osteotomized, and fixed with the denture on the preinserted implants. The fibula was placed to its final position guided by the occlusion. Using three-dimensional virtual backward planning, it was feasible to perform a mandibular reconstruction with immediate prosthetic rehabilitation. PMID:24670276

Freudlsperger, Christian; Bodem, Jens Philipp; Engel, Eva; Hoffmann, Jürgen

2014-05-01

71

Influence of implant inclination associated with mandibular class I removable partial denture.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to use two-dimensional finite element method to evaluate the displacement and stress distribution transmitted by a distal extension removable partial denture (DERPD) associated with an implant placed at different inclinations (0, 5, 15, and 30 degrees) in the second molar region of the edentulous mandible ridge. Six hemimandibular models were created: model A, only with the presence of the natural tooth 33; model B, similar to model A, with the presence of a conventional DERPD replacing the missing teeth; model C, similar to the previous model, with a straight implant (0 degrees) in the distal region of the ridge, under the denture base; model D, similar to model C, with the implant angled at 5 degrees in the mesial direction; model E, similar to model C, with the implant angled at 15 degrees in the mesial direction; and model F, similar to ME, with the implant angled at 30 degrees in the mesial direction. The models were created with the use of the AutoCAD 2000 program (Autodesk, Inc, San Rafael, CA) and processed for finite element analysis by the ANSYS 8.0 program (Swanson Analysis Systems, Houston, PA). The force applied was vertical of 50 N on each cusp tip. The results showed that the introduction of the RPD overloaded the supporting structures of the RPD and that the introduction of the implant helped to relieve the stresses of the mucosa alveolar, cortical bone, and trabecular bone. The best stress distribution occurred in model D with the implant angled at 5 degrees. The use of an implant as a support decreased the displacement of alveolar mucosa for all inclinations simulated. The stress distribution transmitted by the DERPD to the supporting structures was improved by the use of straight or slightly inclined implants. According to the displacement analysis and von Mises stress, it could be expected that straight or slightly inclined implants do not represent biomechanical risks to use. PMID:21415633

de Freitas Santos, Ciandrus Moraes; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza; Verri, Fellippo Ramos; de Moraes, Sandra Lúcia Dantas; Falcón-Antenucci, Rosse Mary

2011-03-01

72

Evaluation of stability of titanium and hydroxyapatite-coated osseointegrated dental implants: a pilot study.  

PubMed

An endosseous implant is described as osseointegrated when it is immobile in function. Objective measures of stability testing have been described. The Periotest is a commercially available device that is used for this purpose. This study was designed to measure stability of endosseous implants placed in the mandible. Implants were placed in the mandibular canine or first premolar area to support an overdenture prosthesis. Stability was evaluated through the use of a Periotest device at the time of implant placement and following one year of functional loading. Implant designs were either a screw-shaped titanium alloy or a hydroxyapatite-coated cylinder. A total of 54 implants were placed, 37 were titanium screw-shaped implants, while the remaining 17 were hydroxyapatite cylinders. Initial measurements of stability showed no difference due to implant type. Following one year of functional loading, titanium screw-shaped implants were more stable than hydroxyapatite implants (P < 0.05). The difference in implant rigidity following a period of functional loading may be an indication of a difference in osseointegration between the two implants used in this study. PMID:12005148

Simunek, Antonin; Vokurkova, Jarmila; Kopecka, Dana; Celko, Martin; Mounajjed, Radek; Krulichova, Iva; Skrabkova, Zuzana

2002-02-01

73

Posterior implants for distal extension removable prostheses: a retrospective study.  

PubMed

Common complaints associated with the Kennedy Class I (bilateral free end) and Class II (unilateral free end) removable partial denture situations are lack of stability, minimal retention, and unesthetic retentive clasping. Some of the same complaints have been reported for implant overdentures with only anterior implants. Starting in 1995, 10 of these patients were treated at the University of Washington with posterior osseointegrated implants to provide stability and/or retention of the removable prostheses, eliminating the need for clasps when possible. This article describes implant alternatives and prosthesis designs and presents a follow-up clinical evaluation of at least 1 year consisting of patient satisfaction, radiographic examination, and soft tissue health. Two groups were evaluated. Group 1 included patients whose implants were used as vertical stops for mandibular distal extension prostheses. Care was taken to ensure that the implants were not loaded laterally by creating a single-point contact at the center of a modified healing abutment. In these cases, sufficient retention was available from the anterior teeth and/or implant abutments. Group 2 included patients whose implants required retention because of lack of adequate tooth abutments. In those cases, a resilient type of attachment was used, which allowed for a small divergence from the path of insertion. Results indicated consistent increased satisfaction in all patients, minimal component wear, no radiographic evidence of excessive bone loss, and stable peri-implant soft tissues. PMID:12956479

Mitrani, Ricardo; Brudvik, James S; Phillips, Keith M

2003-08-01

74

Advanced predoctoral implant program at UIC: description and qualitative analysis.  

PubMed

Dental implant education has increasingly become an integral part of predoctoral dental curricula. However, the majority of implant education emphasizes the restorative aspect as opposed to the surgical. The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry has developed an Advanced Predoctoral Implant Program (APIP) that provides a select group of students the opportunity to place implants for single-tooth restorations and mandibular overdentures. This article describes the rationale, logistics, experiences, and perspectives of an innovative approach to provide additional learning experiences in the care of patients with partial and complete edentulism using implant-supported therapies. Student and faculty perspectives on the APIP were ascertained via focus group discussions and a student survey. The qualitative analysis of this study suggests that the select predoctoral dental students highly benefited from this experience and intend to increase their knowledge and skills in implant dentistry through formal education following graduation. Furthermore, the survey indicates that the APIP has had a positive influence on the students' interest in surgically placing implants in their future dental practice and their confidence level in restoring and surgically placing implants. PMID:24789837

Afshari, Fatemeh S; Yuan, Judy Chia-Chun; Quimby, Anastasiya; Harlow, Rand; Campbell, Stephen D; Sukotjo, Cortino

2014-05-01

75

Fixed maxillary and mandibular zirconia implant frameworks milled with anatomically contoured molars: A clinical report.  

PubMed

Retrospective studies on restoring the patients with complete edentulism have reported a variety of complications, including the excessive wear and fracture of the acrylic resin teeth. Approaches to slow the process of wear include the use of porcelain teeth or altering the occlusal surface of acrylic resin teeth with amalgam or gold. Two 1-piece fixed zirconia implant frameworks masked with gingival porcelain and stained anatomically contoured first and second molars and individual ceramic crowns were used to restore both arches to optimum function and esthetics. This clinical report describes the steps for one method of providing the fixed prosthetic needs of the patients who is edentulous. PMID:25258262

Al-Mazedi, Mohammad; Razzoog, Michael E; Yaman, Peter

2014-11-01

76

Removable partial overdentures for the irradiated patient  

SciTech Connect

Patients who have received radiotherapy to the head and neck area must avoid dental extractions and seek simplicity in treatment and home care follow-up. For partially edentulous patients, removable partial overdenture therapy can fulfill these goals while maintaining the high level of function and aesthetics desired by patients.11 references.

Rosenberg, S.W. (New York Univ. School of Dentistry, NY (USA))

1990-10-01

77

Stable vertical distraction osteogenesis of highly atrophic mandibles after ablative tumour surgery of the oral cavity--a salvage pathway for mandibular reconstruction prior to oral rehabilitation with dental implants.  

PubMed

Mandibular reconstruction is still a challenge for surgeons. Distraction osteogenesis (DO) might contribute in certain instances to solve this problem. A principal advantage of DO is the expansion of the surrounding soft tissues that accompanies the bony regeneration. In addition there is no donor site morbidity when compared with reconstruction by autologous bone grafting. However its application may be limited by the thinness of the mandible and the attendant fracture risk. This article describes a technique that combines stable internal fixation with vertical distraction of the alveolar ridge in six patients with critical mandibular thickness after ablative surgery for cancer of the oral cavity. Prior to implant insertion for further prosthodontic restoration stable vertical mandibular distraction produced an additional 11-20mm. Improvement of the surrounding soft tissues, especially intraorally was achieved and dental implants were inserted after bony consolidation. This method can be a useful salvage technique for the augmentation of the atrophic mandible in patients who are not able or willing to undergo the risks and disadvantages of established methods such as free autologous bone transfer or microsurgical techniques. PMID:19540772

Adolphs, Nicolai; Sproll, Christoph; Raguse, Jan-Dirk; Nelson, Katja; Heberer, Susanne; Scheifele, Christian; Klein, Martin

2009-09-01

78

Feasibility of purely endoscopic intramedullary fixation of mandibular condyle fractures.  

PubMed

The investigators of this study hypothesized that fractures of the mandibular condyle can be repaired using short-segment intramedullary implants and purely endoscopic surgical technique, using a basic science, human cadaver model in an academic center. Endoscopic instrumentation was used through a transoral mucosal incision to place intramedullary implants of 2 cm in length into osteotomized mandibular condyles. The surgical maneuvers that required to insert these implants, including condyle positioning, reaming, implant insertion, and seating of the mandibular ramus, are described herein. Primary outcome was considered as successful completion of the procedure. Ten cadaveric mandibular condyles were successfully repaired with rigid intramedullary internal fixation without the use of external incisions. Both insertion of a peg-type implant and screwing a threaded implant into the condylar head were possible. The inferior portion of the implant remained exposed, and the ramus of the mandible was manipulated into position on the implant using retraction at the sigmoid notch. The results of this study suggest that purely endoscopic repair of fractures of the mandibular condyle is possible by using short-segment intramedullary titanium implants and a transoral endoscopic approach without the need for facial incisions or punctures. The biomechanical advantages of these intramedullary implants, including improved strength and resistance to mechanical failure compared with miniplates, have been recently established. The combination of improved implant design and purely endoscopic technique may allow for improved fixation and reduced surgical- and implant-related morbidity in the treatment of condylar fractures. PMID:25534058

Frake, Paul C; Goodman, Joseph F; Joshi, Arjun S

2015-01-01

79

Anatomy of Mandibular Vital Structures. Part I: Mandibular Canal and Inferior Alveolar Neurovascular Bundle in Relation with Dental Implantology  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Objectives It is critical to determine the location and configuration of the mandibular canal and related vital structures during the implant treatment. The purpose of the present study was to review the literature concerning the mandibular canal and inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle anatomical variations related to the implant surgery. Material and Methods Literature was selected through the search of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane electronic databases. The keywords used for search were mandibular canal, inferior alveolar nerve, and inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle. The search was restricted to English language articles, published from 1973 to November 2009. Additionally, a manual search in the major anatomy, dental implant, prosthetic and periodontal journals and books were performed. Results In total, 46 literature sources were obtained and morphological aspects and variations of the anatomy related to implant treatment in posterior mandible were presented as two entities: intraosseous mandibular canal and associated inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle. Conclusions A review of morphological aspects and variations of the anatomy related to mandibular canal and mandibular vital structures are very important especially in implant therapy since inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle exists in different locations and possesses many variations. Individual, gender, age, race, assessing technique used and degree of edentulous alveolar bone atrophy largely influence these variations. It suggests that osteotomies in implant dentistry should not be developed in the posterior mandible until the position of the mandibular canal is established. PMID:24421958

Wang, Hom-Lay; Sabalys, Gintautas

2010-01-01

80

Implants  

MedlinePLUS

... vs. Alternatives Implants are devices that replace the roots of missing teeth. They are used to support ... confidence. There are several types of implants, including: Root form Subperiosteal Mini Root-form implants are the ...

81

Telescopic overdenture: Perio-prostho concern for advanced periodontitis  

PubMed Central

The crown- and sleeve-coping denture is a removable prosthesis that is supported by both selectively retained teeth and the residual ridge or mucosa. It is a versatile and successful means of achieving long-term restoration of a partially edentulous jaw. Insertion and removal of the denture and routine oral hygiene are easy to perform. The beneficial results of this form of treatment can be considered for a wide variety of clinical applications for the severely advanced periodontitis case. This paper presents a case report on the prosthetic rehabilitation of a partially edentulous patient with a telescopic overdenture for the mandible and complete denture for the maxilla. PMID:24124317

Goswami, Roma; Mahajan, Puneet; Siwach, Amit; Gupta, Ankur

2013-01-01

82

Transforming Growth Factor-? and Interleukin 10 in Oral Implant Sites in Humans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-talk between cells and cytokines in peri-implant tissue is largely unknown. The immune response in the gingival mucosa appears to favor implant integration over rejection, since titanium-implant-retained overdentures show long-term success. This study evaluates pro-inflammatory (interleukin [IL]-2, interferon [IFN]-?, IL-12) and anti-inflammatory (IL-4, IL-10, transforming growth factor [TGF]-?1) cytokine mRNA expression and tissue morphometry in peri-implant soft tissue from patients

G. Schierano; G. Bellone; E. Cassarino; M. Pagano; G. Preti; G. Emanuelli

2003-01-01

83

Complications Associated with Implant-Retained Removable Prostheses.  

PubMed

Implant-supported removable prostheses improve patients' satisfaction with treatment and quality of life. Improvements in the implant's surface and in attachment elements have made this treatment method very successful. However, some biological and mechanical complications remain. Mechanical complications associated with implant-supported overdentures and implant-supported removable partial dentures are loss of retention of attachment systems, the need to replace retention elements and to reline or repair the resin portion of the denture, and implant fracture. Despite their success, implant-supported removable prostheses require periodic maintenance. PMID:25434567

Vahidi, Farhad; Pinto-Sinai, Gitanjali

2015-01-01

84

Implants and all-ceramic restorations in a patient treated for aggressive periodontitis: a case report  

PubMed Central

A 23-year-old female with aggressive periodontitis was treated using dental implants and LAVA system. The severely compromised teeth were extracted irrespective of initial conservative periodontal treatment. An implant-supported overdenture with 4 implants was fabricated for the maxilla and all-ceramic restorations for the mandible. Esthetic and functional goals were achieved with team approach involving periodontists and prosthodontists. This case report describes a treatment procedure for a generalized aggressive periodontitis patient with severe bone resorption. PMID:21165277

Hong, Jin-Sun; Yeo, In-Sung; Kim, Sung-Hun; Lee, Jai-Bong; Han, Jung-Suk

2010-01-01

85

Adaptation of overdenture-bars casted in different metals and their influence on the stress distribution-A laboratory and 3D FEA.  

PubMed

Adaptation at the implant/abutment interface is important to the long-term success of prosthetic rehabilitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adaptation of overdenture bar frameworks casted with different materials and the stress distribution of ill-fitted frameworks placement through 3-D finite element analysis (FEA). Thirty overdenture bar frameworks (n=10) were casted in different materials (Co-Cr, Ni-Cr, Ti). Vertical misfit of both abutments was examined using a single screw test and, after both screws were tightened, using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The misfit values of each group were used to construct 3-D models, and a displacement with the same extent observed in SEM was applied to the non-tightened abutment to simulate the effect of prosthetic tightening. von Mises stress for prosthetic components, and the maximum principal stress and microstrain for bone tissue were evaluated. The misfit in the non-tightened abutment during the single screw test ranged from 145 to 211µm. Different bar framework materials did not present significant differences in regard to adaptation. An increase in the misfit values in the other abutment was observed after the final settlement of the bars in Ni-Cr and Ti frameworks. The stress values on prosthetic screw and implant were not influenced by the bar framework material. However, Ti caused lower stress in the bar framework itself and strain in the bone tissue. The bar framework material does not affect the implant/abutment adaptation. Titanium frameworks presented the best behavior for the bar framework itself and bone tissue compared to the other materials. PMID:25443881

Dos Santos, Mateus B F; Caldas, Ricardo A; Zen, Bruno M; Bacchi, Atais; Correr-Sobrinho, Lourenço

2015-01-01

86

Measuring mandibular motions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mandibular motion along three axes is measured by three motion transducers on floating yoke that rests against mandible. System includes electronics to provide variety of outputs for data display and processing. Head frame is strapped to test subject's skull to provide fixed point of reference for transducers.

Dimeff, J.; Rositano, S.; Taylor, R. C.

1977-01-01

87

Mandibular incisor extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cranio-mandibular dysfunction therapy of a moderate Angle Class III malocclusion with retroclined incisors with anterior crossbite and pronounced crowding was based not on extraction of the first premolars but on protrusion of the incisors and the extraction of one lower incisor.

Hans-Jürgen Pauls

1999-01-01

88

Effect of bar cross-section geometry on stress distribution in overdenture-retaining system simulating horizontal misfit and bone loss.  

PubMed

This study evaluated the influence of cross-section geometry of the bar framework on the distribution of static stresses in an overdenture-retaining bar system simulating horizontal misfit and bone loss. Three-dimensional FE models were created including two titanium implants and three cross-section geometries (circular, ovoid or Hader) of bar framework placed in the anterior part of a severely resorbed jaw. One model with 1.4-mm vertical loss of the peri-implant tissue was also created. The models set were exported to mechanical simulation software, where horizontal displacement (10, 50 or 100 ?m) was applied simulating the settling of the framework, which suffered shrinkage during the laboratory procedures. The bar material used for the bar framework was a cobalt--chromium alloy. For evaluation of bone loss effect, only the 50-?m horizontal misfit was simulated. Data were qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated using von Mises stress for the mechanical part and maximum principal stress and ?-strain for peri-implant bone tissue given by the software. Stresses were concentrated along the bar and in the join between the bar and cylinder. In the peri-implant bone tissue, the ?-strain was higher in the cervical third. Higher stress levels and ?-strain were found for the models using the Hader bar. The bone loss simulated presented considerable increase on maximum principal stresses and ?-strain in the peri-implant bone tissue. In addition, for the amplification of the horizontal misfit, the higher complexity of the bar cross-section geometry and bone loss increases the levels of static stresses in the peri-implant bone tissue. PMID:23791086

Spazzin, Aloísio Oro; Costa, Ana Rosa; Correr, Américo Bortolazzo; Consani, Rafael Leonardo Xediek; Correr-Sobrinho, Lourenço; dos Santos, Mateus Bertolini Fernandes

2013-08-01

89

Bilateral Mandibular Paramolars  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Supernumerary tooth is a developmental anomaly and has been argued to arise from multiple etiologies. These teeth may remain embedded in the alveolar bone or can erupt into the oral cavity. They can cause a variety of complications in the develo­ping dentition. Supernumerary teeth can present in various forms and in any region of the mandible or maxilla, but have a predisposition for the anterior maxilla. Here is the presentation of a case of unusual location of supernumerary teeth located in between mandibular first and second molar region bilaterally. How to cite this article: Dhull KS, Dhull RS, Panda S, Acharya S, Yadav S, Mohanty G. Bilateral Mandibular Paramolars. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(1):40-42. PMID:25206236

Dhull, Rachita Singh; Panda, Swagatika; Acharya, Sonu; Yadav, Shweta; Mohanty, Gatha

2014-01-01

90

The mandibular staple bone plate: A long-term retrospective evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Clinical and radiographic parameters and denture satisfaction were evaluated in a long-term retrospective study of patients treated with the mandibular staple bone plate.Patients and Methods: Fifty-six edentulous patients were treated with the mandibular staple bone plate to stabilize their lower denture. The mean evaluation period was 103 months (range, 84 to 139 months). Peri-implant mucosa and bone height were

Henny J. A Meijer; Robert P Van Oort; Gerry M Raghoebar; Pieter J Schoen

1998-01-01

91

Biting and Chewing in Overdentures, Full Dentures, and Natural Dentitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested that the provision of dental implants can improve the oral function of subjects with severely resorbed mandibles, possibly restoring function to the level experienced by satisfied wearers of conventional complete dentures. Nevertheless, a quantitative comparison has never been made and can be drawn from the literature only with difficulty, since studies differ greatly in methodology. To

F. A. Fontijn-Tekamp; A. P. Slagter; A. Van Der Bilt; M. A. Van'T Hof; D. J. Witter; W. Kalk; J. A. Jansen

2000-01-01

92

A new technique for retaining double crowns on implants via custom-positioned vertical screws.  

PubMed

This report describes the use of custom-positioned vertical screws (CVS) to attach primary telescopic crowns to implant abutments. In a private practice setting, 37 patients with 40 double crown-retained implant overdentures (IODs) with a clearance fit (Marburg double crowns) were followed. All primary crowns on the 120 implant abutments were retained using CVS. After a mean followup period of 3.55 ± 1.37 years (range: 1.5 to 6.3 years), one abutment screwloosening incident was reported (incidence: 0.08%). No loosening of any of the screw-retained primary crowns occurred. CVS may represent a viable fixation concept for IODs. PMID:25390875

Frisch, Eberhard; Ziebolz, Dirk; Ratka-Krüger, Petra; Rinke, Sven

2014-01-01

93

Anatomy of Mandibular Vital Structures. Part II: Mandibular Incisive Canal, Mental Foramen and Associated Neurovascular Bundles in Relation with Dental Implantology  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Objectives The purpose of the present study was to review the literature of how to identify the mental foramen, mandibular incisive canal and associated neurovascular bundles during implant surgery and how to detect and avoid the damage of these vital structures during implant therapy. Material and Methods Literature was selected through a search of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane electronic databases. The keywords used for search were mandibular incisive canal, mental foramen, mental nerve, anterior mental loop. The search was restricted to English language articles, published from 1979 to November 2009. Additionally, a manual search in the major anatomy, dental implant, and periodontal journals and books was performed. Results In total, 47 literature sources were obtained and reviewed. The morphology and variations of the mandibular incisive canal, mental foramen and associated neurovascular bundles were presented as two entities. It suggested that clinicians should carefully assess these vital structures to avoid nerve/artery damage. Conclusions The mandibular incisive canal, mental foramen and associated neurovascular bundles exist in different locations and possess many variations. Individual, gender, age, race, assessing technique used and degree of edentulous alveolar bone atrophy largely influence these variations. It suggests that the clinicians should carefully identify these anatomical landmarks, by analyzing all influencing factors, prior to their implant surgical operation. PMID:24421959

Wang, Hom-Lay; Sabalys, Gintautas

2010-01-01

94

Molarization of Mandibular Second Premolar  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Macrodontia (megadontia, megalodontia, mac rodontism) is a rare shape anomaly that has been used to describe dental gigantism. Mandibular second premolars show an elevated variability of crown morphology, as are its eruptive potential and final position in the dental arch. To date, only eight cases of isolated macrodontia of second premolars have been reported in the literature. This case report presents clinical and radiographic findings of unusual and rare case of isolated unilateral molarization of left mandibular second premolar. How to cite this article: Mangla N, Khinda VIS, Kallar S, Brar GS. Molarization of Mandibular Second Premolar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(2):137-139. PMID:25356014

Singh Khinda, Vineet Inder; Kallar, Shiminder; Singh Brar, Gurlal

2014-01-01

95

Electroconvulsive therapy after maxillofacial metallic implants.  

PubMed

A growing body of literature suggests that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can be safely utilized in patients with craniofacial metallic implants. Here we provide radiographic images and the clinical course of a 49-year-old woman with both maxillary and mandibular metallic implants who safely received ECT. PMID:24553317

Freeman, G Mark; Perry, Matthew T; Manatt, George S; Cristancho, Pilar

2014-03-01

96

Mandibular torus morphology.  

PubMed

The morphology of the mandibular torus was examined, and comparisons were made between a Medieval Norse skeletal population from Greenland and a 14th to 17th century Greenland Eskimo skeletal series. Three parameters were analyzed: degree of development (on a 4-point scale), position and length, and surface morphology according to the number of knobs, or lobuli. It was found that the Eskimos have a high frequency of weakly developed tori and no cases of the extreme development, while over 20% of the Norsemen had tori in the "extreme" category. The Norse torus was generally found to be longer than that of the Eskimos, and both groups exhibited a slight asymmetry between the sides, the torus on the left side tending to be longer and more forward in position than the right. A great difference was found in surface morphology. The Norse torus is in general very irregular, while the Eskimo torus is rather smooth. These differences are believed to be genetically determined. PMID:7468791

Sellevold, B J

1980-11-01

97

Overwhelming hypercalcaemia in mandibular ameloblastoma.  

PubMed

Ameloblastoma is considered to be a benign odontogenic tumour of epithelial in origin that is slow growing but recurrent and invasive in nature. Some of its features have been sources of debate among experts regarding its benign or malignant character. We report a case of a 20-year-old Filipino woman with right mandibular ameloblastoma presenting with overwhelming hypercalcaemia. Work ups for hypercalcaemia eventually revealed tumoral hypercalcaemia, which was initially controlled with intravenous bisphosphanate. The patient eventually underwent tumour excision and mandibular reconstruction, which totally corrected hypercalcaemia. This case will highlight the rare association of hypercalcaemia among patients with ameloblastoma. PMID:25326561

Lo, Tom Edward Ngo; Villafuerte, Cesar Vincent; Acampado, Laura Trajano

2014-01-01

98

Bilateral Molariform Mandibular Second Premolars  

PubMed Central

Macrodontia is a rare dental anomaly that refers to teeth that appear larger than normal. Generalised macrodontia can be associated with certain medical conditions and syndromes. This case report presents clinical and radiographic findings of isolated bilateral macrodontia in a 14-year-old child. The patient was referred to the clinic with local crowding of maxillary and mandibular teeth. Radiographic findings revealed the presence of impacted macrodont mandibular second premolar on one side and erupted macrodontic premolar on the other side and their distinct morphological appearance, characterized by large, multitubercular, and molariform crowns and tapering, single roots.

Acharya, Sonu; Kumar Mandal, Pradip; Ghosh, Chiranjit

2015-01-01

99

Analysis and evaluation of relative positions of mandibular third molar and mandibular canal impacts  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study used cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images to categorize the relationships between the mandibular canal and the roots and investigated the prevalence of nerve damage. Materials and Methods Through CBCT images, contact and three-dimensional positional relationships between the roots of the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal were investigated. With this data, prevalence of nerve damage according to the presence of contact and three-dimensional positional relationships was studied. Other factors that affected the prevalence of nerve damage were also investigated. Results When the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal were shown to have direct contact in CBCT images, the prevalence of nerve damage was higher than in other cases. Also, in cases where the mandibular canal was horizontally lingual to the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal was vertically at the cervical level of the mandibular third molar, the prevalence of nerve damage was higher than in opposite cases. The percentage of mandibular canal contact with the roots of the mandibular third molar was higher when the mandibular canal was horizontally lingual to the mandibular third molar. Finally, the prevalence of nerve damage was higher when the diameter of the mandibular canal lumen suddenly decreased at the contact area between the mandibular canal and the roots, as shown in CBCT images. Conclusion The three-dimensional relationship of the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal can help predict nerve damage and can guide patient expectations of the possibility and extent of nerve damage. PMID:25551092

Kim, Hang-Gul

2014-01-01

100

Advancement of mandibular symphysis with distraction osteogenesis.  

PubMed

This case report demonstrates the effects of mandibular symphysis advancement with distraction osteogenesis (DO) in a 21-year-old man with a Class I molar relationship, protrusive maxillary incisors, crowding in both arches, and increased overjet and overbite. Treatment consisted of maxillary arch leveling, mandibular incisor repositioning through mandibular symphysis advancement with DO, and subsequent mandibular arch leveling. The osteotomy line, between the canine and the first premolar, was extended from the interdental area to the lower border of the mandibular symphysis bilaterally. The distraction device was cemented after mobilization of the mandibular symphysis. The screws were activated (0.8 mm per day) after a latent period of 1 week. The amount of activation per side was 6.4 mm. After an 8-week consolidation period, the distraction appliance was removed. At the end of treatment, increases of SNB angle, effective mandibular length, SN/GoGn, anterior facial height, mandibular incisor inclinations, and labiomental angle were observed. Decreases of ANB angle, overjet, and distance from the lower lip to the esthetic line were noted. Even though this patient's long-term results are not yet available, the results so far are encouraging. Mandibular symphysis advancement with DO seems to be an effective method for correcting mandibular anterior crowding and an increased overjet. PMID:19201331

Turk, Tamer; Cakmak, Fethiye; Sumer, Mahmut

2009-02-01

101

A clinical and histological evaluation of titanium mini-implants as anchors for orthodontic intrusion in the beagle dog  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to determine the anchorage potential of the titanium mini-implant for orthodontic intrusion of the mandibular posterior teeth. Six mini-implants were surgically placed around the mandibular third premolars on each side in 3 adult male beagle dogs. On the buccal site, three mini-implants were placed distal to the apex of the distal root of the

Masami Ohmae; Shigeru Saito; Tomio Morohashi; Kenji Seki; Hong Qu; Ryuzo Kanomi; Ken-ichi Yamasaki; Tomohiro Okano; Shoji Yamada; Yoshinobu Shibasaki DDS

2001-01-01

102

21 CFR 872.3960 - Mandibular condyle prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Mandibular condyle prosthesis. 872.3960 Section 872.3960... § 872.3960 Mandibular condyle prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular condyle prosthesis is a device that is intended to...

2011-04-01

103

21 CFR 872.3960 - Mandibular condyle prosthesis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Mandibular condyle prosthesis. 872.3960 Section 872.3960... § 872.3960 Mandibular condyle prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular condyle prosthesis is a device that is intended to...

2010-04-01

104

Pearls of Mandibular Trauma Management  

PubMed Central

Mandibular trauma is a common problem seen by plastic surgeons. When fractures occur, they have the ability to affect the patient's occlusion significantly, cause infection, and lead to considerable pain. Interventions to prevent these sequelae require either closed or open forms of reduction and fixation. Physicians determining how to manage these injuries should take into consideration the nature of the injury, background information regarding the patient's health, and the patient's comorbidities. Whereas general principles guide the management of the majority of injuries, special consideration must be paid to the edentulous patient, complex and comminuted fractures, and pediatric patients. These topics are discussed in this article, with a special emphasis on pearls of mandibular trauma management. PMID:22550460

Koshy, John C.; Feldman, Evan M.; Chike-Obi, Chuma J.; Bullocks, Jamal M.

2010-01-01

105

Relapse of mandibular incisor alignment is not associated with the total posttreatment mandibular rotation  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to determine whether total posttreatment mandibular rotation is associated with mandibular incisor crowding after retention. METHODS: Mandibular incisor irregularity (II) at least 10 years out of retention (T3) measured on dental casts from the postretention database at the University of Washington in Seattle was used to define subjects (II >\\/=6 mm, relapse group) and controls (II

Piotr Fudalej; Anne-Marie Bollen; Isabel A. Hujoel

2010-01-01

106

The mandibular condyle in juvenile chronic arthritis patients with mandibular hypoplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.In 12 JCA patients with severe mandibular hypoplasia, who all strongly demanded early treatment, 21 mandibular condyles were replaced by costochondral grafts. All of them had radiographic morphological changes in the mandibular condyles with varying degrees of destruction of the articular cartilages. Severe pathological changes in the lower joint compartments were consistently observed at surgery. Hence, the lower joint compartments

B. Svensson; Å. Larsson; R. Adell

2001-01-01

107

Mandibular incisor dimensions and crowding.  

PubMed

Previous authors have suggested that well-aligned mandibular incisors are narrower mesiodistally than incisors which crowd and that reducing mesiodistal dimensions of the mandibular incisors to fit a specific size range will prevent future malalignment. This study examined 164 cases from the records of the University of Washington Department of Orthodontics, 134 of which had been orthodontically treated and were a minimum of 10 years postretention. Measurements were made from the postretention plaster casts and from serial cephalometric head films. Statistical tests showed that there was a weak association between incisor widths or MD/FL dimensions ratio and irregular alignment over the long term. Mean dimensional differences between crowded and uncrowded incisors were small in the few pooled or segregated groups in which statistically significant differences were found. When incisor dimensions were combined with pretreatment, posttreatment, or long-term cephalometric and cast measurements, only weak and not clinically useful associations were found with long-term incisor alignment. While there was a weak tendency for narrower incisors to be associated with better alignment in some instances, narrower mesiodistal widths of mandibular incisors did not ensure long-term stability in orthodontically treated cases. PMID:6594936

Gilmore, C A; Little, R M

1984-12-01

108

Flapless implant placement: a case report.  

PubMed

Full-thickness periosteal flap elevation for implant placement is often accompanied by potential marginal bone loss and/or soft tissue recession around the implant due to compromised blood supply to underlying bone. To preserve the blood supply to underlying bone, implants can be placed with a flapless surgical procedure. This procedure also provides numerous other benefits, such as decreased trauma, short recovery time, less pain, reduced rate of infection, and improved patient compliance. This report presents a case of flapless implant placement in the mandibular posterior region that achieved optimum results and caused minimal discomfort to the patient. The advantages and limitations of this procedure are also discussed. PMID:24914919

Jain, Deshraj; Gaur, Ghanshyam

2014-06-01

109

Orthodontic treatment of mandibular anterior crowding  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns orthodontic treatment of a 17 years old Bangladeshi female with a class I malocclusion along with anterior crowding in the mandibular arch. Orthodontic treatment carried out with preadjusted Roth type (018 slot) fixed brackets with labial flaring of the mandibular incisors to accomplish the treatment. The esthetics and occlusion were maintained after retention.

MK Alam

2009-01-01

110

Full mouth rehabilitation on a bilateral condylar fractured patient using orthognathic surgery and dental implant  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Mandibular displacement is a common complication of condylar fracture. In the mandibular displacement due to condylar fracture, it is difficult to restore both esthetics and function without using orthognathic surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION This clinical report described a full mouth rehabilitation in the patient with bilateral condylar fractures and displaced mandible using bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) and simultaneous dental implant surgery. Mandibular position was determined by model surgery through the diagnostic wax up and restoration of fractured teeth. The precise amount of the mandibular shift can be obtained from the ideal intercuspation of remaining teeth. CLINICAL IMPLICATION Mandibular displacement by both condylar fractures can be successfully treated by orthognathic surgery. Determination of occlusal plane and visualization from diagnostic wax up are mandatory for mandibular repositioning of model surgery. Stable occlusion and regular recall check up are needed for long-term outcome. PMID:21503195

Park, Jee-Youn; Ahn, Kang-Min; Lee, Joo-Hee

2011-01-01

111

Intraoral multistage mandibular angle ostectomy: 10 years' experience in mandibular contouring in Asians.  

PubMed

In Asia, a round face rather is more acceptable than a square face. Intraoral mandibular angle ostectomy is a common aesthetic procedure for correcting a prominent mandibular angle. However, an operation of sheer straight-lined prominent mandibular angle resection would sometimes create extramandibular angles or palpable bone steps in the margin of mandibular body and produce unnatural lower one-third facial appearance, especially for a square and disproportional mandibular angle even extending to the middle mandibular body. This article describes the method of multistage mandibular angle ostectomy to produce a natural lower one-third facial contour. This method mainly focused on the posterior area of mandibular ostectomy by intraoral approach, although it has modifications. Mandibular contouring is realized first through bone cutting from antegonial notch posteriorly upperward, reaching to the middle ramus of the mandible near the earlobe; second ostectomy followed along mandible lower part is to get rid of extramandibular angle according to the preoperative design; sometimes necessarily, third ostectomy creates a smooth mandibular contour. From January 2000 to January 2010, 379 patients were operated on, and satisfactory results were achieved. Thus, this procedure could avoid excessive bone cutting, extramandibular angles, unnatural appearance, and palpable bone steps. PMID:21233762

Ying, Binbin; Wu, Sufan; Yan, Sheng; Hu, Jing

2011-01-01

112

Effects of a new implant abutment design on peri-implant soft tissues.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a modified implant abutment design on peri-implant soft and hard tissues in dogs. Three months after extraction of mandibular premolar teeth, 3 dental implants were placed in each side of the jaw using a 1-stage approach. Implants on one side of the mandible received standard abutments (control), and implants on the contralateral side received modified, patented, grooved abutments (test). Two months after implant placement, animals were euthanized and specimens were prepared for histologic and histomorphometric assessment. The linear distance (in micrometers) was measured from the implant shoulder (IS) to the following landmarks: gingival margin (GM; distance IS-GM), most apical position of the junctional epithelium (JE; distance IS-JE), and bone crest (BC; distance IS-BC). Percent of bone-to-implant contact was also measured. Histologic assessment revealed that all implants were osseointegrated and that interimplant gingival fibers between test abutments appeared to be more numerous and organized than control abutments. The IS-GM and IS-JE distances in test implants were greater than the corresponding distances in control implants (P = .024 and P = .015, respectively), whereas crestal bone loss (IS-BC) was greater for control implants than test implants (P = .037). There were no differences between control and test implants in bone-to-implant contact (P = .69), which averaged close to 50%. These results suggest that the modified groove design incorporated in standard abutments confers both soft and hard tissue benefits. PMID:23339331

Chien, Hua-Hong; Schroering, Robert L; Prasad, Hari S; Tatakis, Dimitris N

2014-10-01

113

New Therapeutics in Promoting and Modulating Mandibular Growth in Cases with Mandibular Hypoplasia  

PubMed Central

Children with mandibular growth deficiency may develop airway obstruction. The standard treatment of severe airway obstruction involves invasive procedures such as tracheostomy. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis has been proposed in neonates with mandibular deficiency as a treatment option to avoid tracheostomy procedure later in life. Both tracheostomy and distraction osteogenesis procedures suffer from substantial shortcomings including scarring, unpredictability, and surgical complications. Forward jaw positioning appliances have been also used to enhance mandible growth. However, the effectiveness of these appliances is limited and lacks predictability. Current and future approaches to enhance mandibular growth, both experimental and clinical trials, and their effectiveness are presented and discussed. PMID:23819121

Alhadlaq, Adel

2013-01-01

114

Experience And Results With Preoperatively Shaped AO Mandibular Reconstruction Plates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a rule continuous bony defects of the mandible after tumour resection are temporarily bridged with the AO reconstruction plate. To precontour the plate, CT-scans of the mandible at a scale of 1:1 6 mm above and parallel to the inferior margin are needed. Corresponding layers further cranial show the anatomy of the chin. Using a lateral cephalograph, the mandibular angle and the length of the plate in the ascending ramus are measured. Of the 19 preshaped reconstruction plates implanted, 11 did not need any intraoperative adjustment of shape. The other 8 plates needed only slight modifications of contour. Preoperative bending of the reconstruction plate reduces the time taken for the operation, protects the material and the plate is precisely shaped.

Reuters, Ulrich; Prein, Joachim; Muller, Werner

1989-04-01

115

Bone reactions to early occlusal loading of two-stage titanium plasma-sprayed implants: a pilot study in monkeys.  

PubMed

This pilot study analyzed the bone reactions to early loaded titanium plasma-sprayed implants. A total of 24 titanium plasma-sprayed implants (12 in the maxilla and 12 in the mandible) (Primary Healing Implant, Legnano) were inserted into four Macaca fascicularis monkeys with instruments specially designed to obtain a precise fit of the implant in the bone socket. A metal superstructure was cemented into 10 mandibular and 10 maxillary implants 15 days after implant insertion. The four remaining implants were used as controls. Eight months after implant placement, a block section was carried out, the defect was filled with nonresorbable hydroxyapatite, and all 24 implants were retrieved. The implants were treated to obtain thin ground sections that were examined under normal and polarized light. Histologic analysis showed that bone was observed around the implant surface in all implants. Morphometric analysis demonstrated that bone lined 67.2% (SD = 3.1%) of the maxillary implant surface, and 80.71% (SD = 4.6%) of the mandibular implant surface. No differences were found in the percentage of bone-implant contact in the control implants. In the loaded implants, however, the bone around the implants had a more compact appearance. The study demonstrated that it is possible to obtain a high percentage of bone-implant contact in early loaded titanium plasma-sprayed implants. PMID:9497710

Piattelli, A; Corigliano, M; Scarano, A; Quaranta, M

1997-04-01

116

Rigid fixation of mandibular condyle fractures.  

PubMed

This article reviews the anatomy and surgical approaches for treating fractures of the mandibular condyle with plate and screw fixation. Advantages and disadvantages of the preauricular, submandibular, intraoral, retromandibular, and rhytidectomy approaches are presented. PMID:8351124

Ellis, E; Dean, J

1993-07-01

117

Removable partial denture supported by implants with prefabricated telescopic abutments - a case report.  

PubMed

Implants have been designed to rehabilitate edentulous patients with fixed prosthesis or implant supported overdentures. Implant-supported single crowns and fixed partial dentures have become successful treatment alternatives to removable and fixed partial dentures. However, it is common to have clinical situations which make it impossible to use conventional as well as implant supported fixed partial dentures. The implant supported removable partial dentures can be a treatment modality that offers the multitude of benefits of implant-based therapy-biologic, biomechanical, social, and psychological to such patients. The aim of this article is to present a case report describing the fabrication and advantages of removable partial denture supported by teeth and implants for a patient with long edentulous span. The patient was satisfied with his dentures in terms of function and aesthetics. Regular follow-up visits over a period of three years revealed that the periodontal condition of remaining natural dentition and peri-implant conditions were stable. There was no evidence of excessive residual ridge resorption or mobility of the teeth, nor were any visible changes in the bone levels of the natural teeth or implants noted on radiographs. PMID:25121066

Kumar, Lalit; Sehgal, Komal

2014-06-01

118

Lingual exposure during mandibular third molar surgery.  

PubMed

The necessity for surgical exposure of the lingual aspect of mandibular third molars will vary according to the severity of the impaction and the surgical technique adopted. A retractor is described for use in those cases when major lingual retraction is required. The retractor provides optimum access to the mandibular third molar area with adequate protection for the lingual nerve, tongue retraction and enhanced illumination by light reflection. It can be used under both local and general anaesthesia. PMID:415017

Stacy, G C

1977-12-01

119

In vivo evaluation of resorbable bone graft substitutes in mandibular sockets of the beagle.  

PubMed

Hydroxyapatite (Ca(10)(PO(4))(6)(OH)(2)), with its high biocompatibility and good bioaffinity, stimulates osteoconduction and is slowly replaced by the host bone after implantation. However, clinical use of HA as a bone substitute has proved problematic. It is difficult to prevent dispersion of the HA granules and to mold the granules into the desired shape. Calcium sulfate as a bone graft substitute is rapidly resorbed in vivo releasing calcium ions, but fails to provide a long-term, three-dimensional framework to support osteoconduction. The setting properties of calcium sulfate, however, allow it to be applied in a slurry form, making it easier to handle and apply in different situations. This study examines the in vivo response of a (Hydroxyapatite, apatitic phase)/calcium sulfate dehydrate (CSD) composite using different ratios in the mandibular premolar sockets of the beagle. The HA (AP)/CSD composite materials prepared in ratios of 30/70, 50/50, and 70/30 were implanted into the mandibular premolar sockets for 5 and 10 weeks. The control socket was empty. The authors compared the radiographic properties and the changes in height and width of the mandibular premolar sockets in the beagle. The composite graft in the 30/70 ratio had the best ability to form new bones. PMID:22623380

Shih, Tsai-Chin; Chang, Wei-Jen; Yang, Jen-Chang; Feng, Sheng-Wei; Lin, Che-Tong; Teng, Nai-Chia

2012-10-01

120

Projection and construction of a machine to study the retention and wear in attachments used on implant supported overdentures.  

PubMed

Short Communication selected from the Oral Presentations of the 56th Congress of the Groupèment International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie, Peñafiel (Portugal) May 2012. PMID:25460784

Silva, S; Aroso, C; Ustrell, R; Mendes, Jm; Escuin, Jt

2013-01-01

121

Histomorphometric evaluation of immediately loaded SSII implants of different surface treatments in a dog model.  

PubMed

This study compared splint (experimental) and nonsplint (control) methods for immediately loaded implants and examined the bone-implant contact rate for smooth, oxidized, and resorbable blast medium (RBM) surfaces. The first through fourth mandibular premolars were extracted from six young adult dogs. Twelve weeks after extraction, implantation was performed at the extraction sites. The SSII OSSTEM implant had one of three surface treatments: smooth, oxidized, or RBM. Sixteen weeks after implantation, the dogs were euthanized; the hemimandibles were obtained and processed histologically to obtain nondecalcified sections. Longitudinal sections were made for each implant and analyzed using light microscopy. Independent of the splinting method, a significantly higher bone-implant contact was observed for implants with oxidized and RBM surfaces when compared with implants with smooth surfaces. Irrespective of the splinting method, immediately loaded implants with oxidized and RBM surfaces may result in higher bone-implant integration when compared with implants with smooth surfaces. PMID:18523953

Jeon, Woo-Jin; Kim, Su-Gwan; Lim, Sung-Chul; Ong, Joo L; Oh, Daniel Sunho

2009-08-01

122

Postretention relapse of mandibular anterior crowding in patients treated without mandibular premolar extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatment stability is one of the most important objectives in orthodontics, but, despite decades of research, it is still agreed that the stability of aligned teeth is variable and largely unpredictable. This study aimed to evaluate the relapse of mandibular anterior crowding in patients treated without mandibular premolar extraction. The sample comprised 40 patients of both sexes with Class I

Karina M. S. Freitas; Marcos Roberto de Freitas; José Fernando Castanha Henriques; Arnaldo Pinzan; Guilherme Janson

2004-01-01

123

Cochlear Implants  

MedlinePLUS

... FDA) website on cochlear implants. Cochlear implants are electronic hearing devices. Doctors implant cochlear implants into people ... State & Local Officials Consumers Health Professionals Science & Research Industry Scroll back to top

124

Nonsurgical correction of a Class III malocclusion in an adult by miniscrew-assisted mandibular dentition distalization.  

PubMed

This article reports the successful use of miniscrews in the mandible to treat a 20-year-old Mongolian woman with a chief complaint of anterior crossbite. The patient had a skeletal Class III malocclusion with a mildly protrusive mandible, an anterior crossbite, and a deviated midline. In light of the advantages for reconstruction of the occlusal plane and distal en-masse movement of the mandibular arch, we used a multiloop edgewise archwire in the initial stage. However, the maxillary incisors were in excessive labioversion accompanied by little retraction of the mandibular incisors; these results were obviously not satisfying after 4 months of multiloop edgewise archwire treatment. Two miniscrews were subsequently implanted vertically in the external oblique ridge areas of the bilateral mandibular ramus as skeletal anchorage for en-masse distalization of the mandibular dentition. During treatment, the mandibular anterior teeth were retracted about 4.0 mm without negative lingual inclinations. The movement of the mandibular first molar was almost bodily translation. The maxillary incisors maintained good inclinations by rotating their brackets 180° along with the outstanding performance of the beta-titanium wire. The patient received a harmonious facial balance, an attractive smile, and ideal occlusal relationships. The outcome was stable after 1 year of retention. Our results suggest that the application of miniscrews in the posterior area of the mandible is an effective approach for Class III camouflage treatment. This technique requires minimal compliance and is particularly useful for correcting Class III patients with mild mandibular protrusion and minor crowding. PMID:23726338

Jing, Yan; Han, Xianglong; Guo, Yongwen; Li, Jingyu; Bai, Ding

2013-06-01

125

Human segmental mandibular defects treated with naturally derived bone morphogenetic proteins.  

PubMed

Bone induction with extracted and partially purified, naturally derived bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) has been demonstrated repeatedly in heterotopic and orthotopic sites of non-human primates. This spawned the investigation of bone regeneration in mandibular defects of human patients with naturally derived BMPs and was compared with osteogenesis in patients treated with autologous bone grafts (ABGs). The osteogenic device (OD) was formulated as a combination of human demineralized bone matrix as delivery system reconstituted with naturally derived BMPs. BMPs were extracted from bovine bone with chaotropic agents and purified by sequential chromatography. Thirteen patients with segmental mandibular defects were enrolled in the trial, 6 of whom received the OD and 7 the ABGs. Defects were reconstructed with a preformed titanium mesh. The OD was combined with sterile saline and applied to the defects as a paste. Autologous bone from the iliac crest was prepared as a cortico-cancellous bone graft and loaded into the titanium mesh. Patients were followed-up clinically and radiographically at 1 and 6 weeks, 3, 6, and 12-month post-implantation. A trephine biopsy of the implants was performed at 3 months post-implantation and the specimens examined on serial undecalcified sections. Histological examination showed that the OD induced bone in 2 of 6 patients treated. Histological examination of successful implanted OD exhibited mineralized bone trabeculae with copious osteoid seams lined by contiguous osteoblasts. Bone deposition directly onto non-vital matrix provided unequivocal evidence of osteoinduction. Of the 7 patients grafted with ABGs, 5 had histological evidence of osteogenesis. Morphometric analysis of the histological sections showed that, when successful, OD-treated defects had highly active osteogenesis compared with ABGs. Whilst this trial provides valuable insights for the use of BMPs in mandibular reconstruction further work is required to produce an OD that will perform reliably in clinical contexts. PMID:12040215

Ferretti, Carlo; Ripamonti, Ugo

2002-05-01

126

Pathological mandibular fractures: a review of the literature of the last two decades.  

PubMed

Pathological mandibular fractures are rare, accounting for fewer than 2% of all fractures of the mandible. They could be defined as fractures that occur in regions where bone has been weakened by an underlying pathological process. Pathological fractures usually may follow surgical interventions such as third molar removal or implant placement, result from regions of osteomyelitis, osteoradionecrosis, and bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw, occur because of idiopathic reasons or be facilitated by cystic lesions, benign, malignant, or metastatic tumors. Pathological mandibular fractures may be challenging to treat because of their different etiology and peculiar local and general conditions, often requiring a more rigid fixation. In patients with poor medical conditions, simpler and more limited options may be preferred. PMID:23294978

Boffano, Paolo; Roccia, Fabio; Gallesio, Cesare; Berrone, Sid

2013-06-01

127

Alveolar nerve repositioning with rescue implants for management of previous treatment. A clinical report.  

PubMed

The goal of modern implant dentistry is to return patients to oral health in a rapid and predictable fashion, following a diagnostically driven treatment plan. If only a limited number of implants can be placed, or some fail and the prosthetic phase of implant dentistry is chosen to complete the patient's treatment, the final outcome may result in partial patient satisfaction and is commonly referred to as a "compromise." Previous All-on-4 implant treatment for the patient presented here resulted in a compromise, with an inadequate support system for the mandibular prosthesis and a maxillary complete denture with poor esthetics. The patient was unable to function adequately and also was disappointed with the resulting appearance. Correction of the compromised treatment consisted of bilateral inferior alveolar nerve elevation and repositioning without bone removal for lateral transposition, to gain room for rescue implants for a totally implant-supported and stabilized prosthesis. Treatment time to return the patient to satisfactory comfort, function, facial esthetics, and speech was approximately 2 weeks. The definitive mandibular prosthesis was designed for total implant support and stability with patient retrievability. Adequate space between the mandibular bar system and the soft tissue created a high water bridge effect for self-cleansing. Following a short interim mandibular healing period, the maxillary sinuses were bilaterally grafted to compensate for bone inadequacies and deficiencies for future maxillary implant reconstruction. PMID:23924033

Amet, Edward M; Uehlein, Chris

2013-12-01

128

Efficacy of 3-Dimensional plates over Champys miniplates in mandibular anterior fractures  

PubMed Central

Background: Mandibular fractures are treated surgically by either rigid or semi-rigid fixation, two techniques that reflect almost opposite concept of craniomaxillofacial osteosynthesis. The shortcomings of these fixations led to the development of 3 dimensional (3D) miniplates. This study was designed with the aim of evaluating the efficiency of 3D miniplate over Champys miniplate in anterior mandibular fractures. Materials & Methods: This study was done in 40 patients with anterior mandibular fractures. Group I consisting of 20 patients in whom 3D plates were used for fixation while in Group II consisting of other 20 patients, 4 holes straight plates were used. The efficacy of 3D miniplate over Champy’s miniplate was evaluated in terms of operating time, average pain, post operative infection, occlusion, wound dehiscence, post operative mobility and neurological deficit. Results: The mean operation time for Group II was more compared to Group I (statistically significant).There was significantly greater pain on day of surgery and at 2nd week for Group II patients but there was no significant difference between the two groups at 4th week. The post operative infection, occlusal disturbance, wound dehiscence, post operative mobility at facture site, neurological deficit was statistically insignificant (chi square test). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that fixation of anterior mandibular fractures with 3D plates provides three dimensional stability and carries low morbidity and infection rates. The only probable limitation of these 3D plates may be excessive implant material, but they seem to be easy alternative to champys miniplate. How to cite the article: Barde DH, Mudhol A, Ali FM, Madan RS, Kar S, Ustaad F. Efficacy of 3-Dimensional plates over Champys miniplates in mandibular anterior fractures. J Int Oral Health 2014;6(1):20-6. PMID:24653598

Barde, Dhananjay H; Mudhol, Anupama; Ali, Fareedi Mukram; Madan, R S; Kar, Sanjay; Ustaad, Farheen

2014-01-01

129

Augmentation of Peri-implant Bone Defects with Different Bone Grafts and Guided Bone Regeneration: A Pilot Experimental Study in the Dog  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective; The present investigation was designed to evaluate the regenerating effects of chip bone grafts harvested from implant drilling and biomaterials with or without combined application of guided bone regeneration (GBR) for the augmentation of peri-implant bone defects. Materials and methods; Four mongrel dogs were used. After the mandibular premolars were extracted for 12 weeks, surgical implantation of 4 titanium

Weijian Zhong; Guowu Ma; Yi Wang; Ryo Tamamura; Jing Xiao

130

Anterior Mandibular Lingual Foramina: An In Vivo Investigation  

PubMed Central

In descriptions of surgical procedures in mandible, often there is no mention of an anatomical variance, the genial spinal foramina, where nerves and vessels go through. Aim of this study is to investigate frequency, shape, and dimensions of these foramina. 56 computed tomography dentascans were analyzed with an implant planning software. The considered parameters were frequency, number, position, diameters, and length of canals; the collected data were inserted in a spreadsheet and statistically analyzed; therefore, they were compared with those found in the literature. The measurements agree with the ones found in earlier studies, except for the length of the inferior spinal canals, which resulted lesser than that found in the literature. The frequency of the inferior spinal foramina, the data related to the inferior spinal foramina diameter (cross scan), and the measurements related to the superior spinal foramina diameter (axial scan) resulted to be major compared to those reported in literature. These obtained results are clinically interesting because an implant planning software has been employed, daily used by operators, and that permits in vivo investigations. Furthermore, due to the possibility of hemorrhagic accidents in this mandibular region, these data are particularly interesting for all of the operators who make interventions in this area. PMID:25215238

Rastelli, Claudio; Leuter, Cinzia; Gatto, Roberto; Continenza, Maria Adelaide

2014-01-01

131

Long Term Stability and Relapse Following Mandibular Advancement and Mandibular Setback Surgeries: A Cephalometric Study  

PubMed Central

Background: The aim was to evaluate the long-term hard and soft tissue changes following mandibular advancement and setback surgeries. Materials and Methods: A total of 16 subjects each were selected who underwent bilateral sagittal split osteotomy mandibular advancement and mandibular setback groups. Pre-surgical (T1), immediate post-surgical (T2) and long-term post-surgical (T3) cephalograms were compared for hard and soft tissue changes. After cephalometric measurements, the quantity of changes between T1-T2 and T1-T3 were determined for each patient. The mean difference between T1-T2 and T1-T3 was compared with assess the long-term changes and stability. Results: In mandibular advancement the mean difference between immediate post-surgical and long term post-surgical is 7%, which accounts for a relapse of 7%. In mandibular setback, the mean difference between immediate post-surgical and long-term post-surgical is 29%, which accounts for a relapse of 29%. Conclusion: Mandibular advancement remained stable over the long period when compared to mandibular setback. PMID:25395792

Darshan, S Vinay; Ronad, Yusuf Ahammed; Kishore, M S V; Shetty, K Sadashiva; Rajesh, M; Suman, S D

2014-01-01

132

Biomechanical analysis and comparison of 12 dental implant systems using 3D finite element study.  

PubMed

Finite element analysis plays an important role in dental implant design. The objective of this study was to show the effect of the overall geometry of dental implants on their biomechanics after implantation. In this study, 12 dental implants, with the same length, diameter and screw design, were simulated from different implant systems. Numerical model of right mandibular incisor bone segment was generated from CT data. The von-Mises stress distributions and the total deformation distributions under vertical/lateral load were compared for each implant by scores ranking method. The implants with cylindrical shapes had highest scores. Results indicated that cylindrical shape represented better geometry over taper implant. This study is helpful in choosing the optimal dental implant for clinical application and also contributes to individual implant design. Our study could also provide reference for choice and modification of dental implant in any other insertion sites and bone qualities. PMID:24708403

Liang, Rui; Guo, Weihua; Qiao, Xiangchen; Wen, Hailin; Yu, Mei; Tang, Wei; Liu, Lei; Wei, Yongtao; Tian, Weidong

2015-09-01

133

Resorption of mandibular canal wall in the edentulous aged population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statement of problem. The mandibular canal wall may be affected by the progress of residual ridge resorption after tooth extraction. Little knowledge is available regarding the relationship of specific systemic factors and the resorption of the mandibular canal wall.Purpose. The purpose of this study was to assess the status of the mandibular canal in the edentulous mandible and to determine

Qiufei Xie; Juhani Wolf; Reijo Tilvis; Anja Ainamo

1997-01-01

134

Mandibular fracture repair in a harbor seal.  

PubMed

A 30-year-old captive female harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) bit down upon a metal ring within a hoop-net normally used to assist in securing the seal for routine physical examination. Radiographic examination performed under general anesthesia revealed a unilateral closed fracture of the rostral left mandible between the first and second premolar teeth. The rostral fragment was displaced ventrally and slight laxity of the mandibular symphysis was noted. The fracture was repaired surgically using an oral dental acrylic splint incorporating circumferential mandibular cerclage wire. The mandibular symphysis was stabilized using interdental wire between the right and left canine teeth. The fixation device was removed following evaluation of radiographs that showed signs of bony union 12-months postoperatively. PMID:17691533

Lewer, Daniel; Gustafson, Scott B; Rist, Paul M; Brown, Steven

2007-06-01

135

[Chronic cutaneous fistula secondary to mandibular osteomyelitis].  

PubMed

Cutaneous fistulas and sinuses in the maxillofacial region secondary to osteomyelitis rarely appear in clinical practice. The most frequent cause of mandibular osteomyelitis is a dental infection, but it may also be hematogenic in origin. The diagnostic criteria for bacterial osteomyelitis are suppuration and osteolytic changes in the radiological study. The differential diagnosis of an ulcerative lesion in the mandibular area includes several pathologies, such as a fistula of dental origin, a reaction to a foreign body, a deep mycotic infection, a pyogenic granuloma or a congenital malformation. PMID:16796969

Roche, Elena; García-Melgares, María L; Laguna, Cecilia; Martín-González, Blanca; Fortea, José M

2006-04-01

136

Dens invaginatus (dilated odontome) in mandibular canine  

PubMed Central

Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation of teeth related to shape of the teeth. Affected teeth show a deep infolding of enamel and dentin starting from the tip of the cusps and may extend deep into the root. It results from the invagination of the enamel organ into the dental papilla before calcification has occurred. Teeth most affected are maxillary lateral incisors. The presence of dens invaginatus in mandibular canine is extremely rare. The tooth was symptomatic in that it was mobile and was oriented horizontally. This article presents a case of symptomatic dens invaginatus in mandibular canine. PMID:25364169

Halawar, Sangamesh S; Satyakiran, GVV; Krishnanand, PS; Prashanth, R

2014-01-01

137

Holographic measurement on deformation of mandible with dental implants due to occlusion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To consider the dynamic response of implant bridge caused by occlusion, the deformation of the bridge and the near mandible subjected to occlusional force was measured by holographic interferometry. In the study, the mandibles of Japanese monkeys were used. A screw type ceramic implant was placed in the site of the second molar, when it was about one year since the mandibular first and second molars were extracted. An implant bridge was then fabricated and placed between the implant and the first and second premolars. After the mandibular bone was extracted, double exposure holographic interferograms were recorded under various loads for the mandible. It was found that the stress on the implant bridge concentrated on the mesial of the pontic when the vertical load was applied to the second premolar. This shows that the mandible near the implant receives most of stress and suffers frequent damage such as the bone resorption, when the loads were applied to its mesial side.

Matsumoto, Toshiro; Tamamura, Kentaro; Sugimura, Tadataka; Inada, Joji

1996-12-01

138

Immediate bleeding complications in dental implants: A systematic review.  

PubMed

Objective: A review is made of the immediate or immediate postoperative bleeding complications in dental implants, with a view to identifying the areas of greatest bleeding risk, the causes of bleeding, the length of the implants associated with bleeding, the most frequently implicated blood vessels, and the treatments used to resolve these complications. Material and methods: A Medline (PubMed) and Embase search was made of articles on immediate bleeding complications in dental implants published in English up until May 2014. Inclusion criteria: studies in humans subjects with severe bleeding immediately secondary to implant placement, which reported the time until the hemorrhage, the implant lenght, the possible cause of bleeding and the treatment. Exclusion criteria: patients receiving anticoagulation treatment. Results: Fifteen articles met the inclusion criteria. The area with the largest number of bleeding complications corresponded to the mandibular canine. The cause of bleeding was lingual cortical bone perforation during implant placement, with damage to the sublingual artery. The implants associated with bleeding were those measuring 15 mm in length or more. Management focused on securing the airway (with intubation or tracheostomy if necessary), with bleeding control. Conclusions: It's important to pay special attention when the implants are placed in the mandibular anterior zone, especially if long implants are used. The most frequently cause of bleeding was the perforation of the lingual plate. Treatment involves securing the airway, with bleeding control. PMID:25475779

Balaguer-Martí, J-C; Peñarrocha-Oltra, D; Balaguer-Martínez, J; Peñarrocha-Diago, M

2014-12-01

139

Surgical treatment of comminuted mandibular fractures using a low-profile locking mandibular reconstruction plate system  

PubMed Central

Objective: The treatment of comminuted mandibular fractures is challenging due to the severity of associated injuries and the need for a careful diagnosis with adequate treatment planning. Recently, open reduction and stable internal fixation (OR-IF) with a load-bearing reconstruction plate have been advocated for reliable clinical outcomes with minimal complications. This clinical prospective study evaluated OR-IF in the surgical management of comminuted mandibular fractures with a new low-profile, thin, mandibular locking reconstruction plate. Materials and Methods: We prospectively assessed OR-IF of comminuted mandibular fractures with a low-profile locking mandibular reconstruction plate in 12 patients (nine men, three women; mean age 32.2 [range 16-71] years) between April 2010 and December 2011. The clinical characteristics and associated clinical parameters of patients were evaluated over a minimum follow-up period of 12 months. Results: Traffic accidents caused 50% of the fractures, followed by falls (25%). Four patients (33.3%) had associated midfacial maxillofacial fractures, while five patients had other mandibular fractures. Seven patients (58.3%) needed emergency surgery, mostly for airway management. Anatomical reduction of the comminuted segments re-established the mandibular skeleton in stable occlusion with rigid IF via extraoral (33.3%), intraoral (50%), or combined (16.7%) approaches. Immediate functional recovery was achieved. Sound bone healing was confirmed in all patients, with no complications such as malocclusion, surgical site infection, or malunion with a mean follow-up of 16.3 (range 12-24) months. Conclusions: OR-IF using a low-profile reconstruction plate system is a reliable treatment for comminuted mandibular fractures, enabling immediate functional recovery with good clinical results.

Kanno, Takahiro; Sukegawa, Shintaro; Nariai, Yoshiki; Tatsumi, Hiroto; Ishibashi, Hiroaki; Furuki, Yoshihiko; Sekine, Joji

2014-01-01

140

Stabilization of mobile mandibular segments in mandibular reconstruction: use of spanning reconstruction plate.  

PubMed

The fibular free flap is the gold standard for mandibular reconstruction. Accurate 3-dimensional contouring and precise alignment of the fibula is critical for reestablishing native occlusion and facial symmetry. Following segmental mandibulectomy, the remaining mandibular fragments become freely mobile. Various stabilization methods including external fixation, intermaxillary fixation, and preplating with reconstruction plate have been used. We describe a modification to the preplating technique. After wide resection of buccal squamous cell carcinoma, our patient had an 11-cm mandibular defect from the angle of the left mandible to the right midparasymphyseal region. A single 2.0-mm Unilock® (Synthes, Singapore) plate was used to span the defect. This was placed on the vestibular aspect of the superior border of the mandibular remnants before resection. Segmental mandibulectomy was then performed with the plate removed. The spanning plate was then reattached to provide rigid fixation. The fibular bone was contoured with a single osteotomy and reattached. The conventional technique involves molding of the plate at the inferior border of the mandible. This is time-consuming and not possible in patients with distorted mandibular contour. It is also difficult to fit the osteotomized fibula to the contoured plate. In comparison, the superiorly positioned spanning plate achieve rigid fixation of the mandible while leaving the defect completely free and unhampered by hardware, allowing space for planning osteotomies and easier fixation of the neomandible. Using this modified technique, we are able to recreate the original mandibular profile with ease. PMID:23997856

Yap, Yan Lin; Lim, Jane; Ong, Wei Chen; Yeo, Matthew; Lee, Hanjing; Lim, Thiam Chye

2012-09-01

141

Effect of surgical treatment of mandibular fracture: electromyographic analysis, bite force, and mandibular mobility.  

PubMed

This study aimed to examine individuals undergoing surgery for the treatment of the fractured mandibular angle, using bite force, mandibular mobility, and electromyographic (EMG) analysis in many different clinical conditions, after 2 months postoperatively. Bite force was recorded with a digital dynamometer, model IDDK. The EMG activity (Myosystem-Br1) included the analysis of the masseter and temporal muscles. Mandibular mobility was measured using a digital pachymeter. The subjects were divided into 3 groups: G1, mandibular angle fracture (n = 7); G2, condylar process fracture (n = 5); and G3, control (n = 12). Data were tabulated and submitted to statistical analysis using the repeated-measure test carried out over time and the Student's t-test (P < 0.05), using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software, version 19 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL). G1 and G2 had an increase in bite force. In G1, there was a regular decrease in the EMG activity in the second postoperative month. G2 presented an irregular pattern in EMG data during the period tested. Regarding the mandibular mobility, both groups obtained amplitude of all mandibular movements with a high percentage, when compared with control. A good functional recovery was achieved by the individuals who had a mandible angle fracture or condylar process fracture, after 2 postoperative months. PMID:25203573

Pepato, André Oliveira; Palinkas, Marcelo; Regalo, Simone Cecilio Hallak; de Medeiros, Eduardo Henrique Pantosso; de Vasconcelos, Paulo Batista; Sverzut, Cássio Edvard; Siéssere, Selma; Trivellato, Alexandre Elias

2014-09-01

142

Mandibular advancement devices and seep disordered breathing  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been nearly 90 years since a dentist first fabricated a dental appliance for a patient with snoring. Since then, mandibular advancement devices or MADs have become a common treatment for obstructive sleep apnea and are used to increase the caliber of the airway during sleep. Their primary use is for the patient who has snoring or mild to

Glenn T. Clark

1998-01-01

143

Mandibular dimensional changes and skeletal maturity  

PubMed Central

Aim: Growth and development of the human face provides a fascinating interplay of form and function. Among the various facial bones, the mandible plays a very important role during various growth-modification therapies. These treatment modalities will yield a better result in less time if properly correlated with skeletal maturity. It is very essential to know where the site of growth occurs and also the time when it occurs or ceases to occur. This study was conducted to assess the mandibular dimensions at various stages of skeletal maturation. Materials and Methods: The subjects included 6 to 18-year-old children who were grouped according to their middle phalanx of the third finger stages of skeletal maturity. Lateral cephalographs were taken and, from their cephalometric tracings, linear and angular measurements of the mandible were made. The values obtained were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: Results showed that the mandibular height, length and symphysis thickness increased with skeletal maturity. An increase in angles SNB (Sella, Nasion, Supramentale) and L1-MP (Long axis lower incisors- Mandibular plane) and a decrease in the gonial angle and ANB (Subspinale, Nasion, Supramentale) angle were observed. Conclusion: The study showed a significant correlation between mandibular growth and skeletal maturity. PMID:22114424

Subramaniam, Priya; Naidu, Premila

2010-01-01

144

Bilateral Mandibular Supernumerary Canines: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Supernumerary teeth are defined as the teeth developed in excess of the number found in a normal dentition. Supernumerary canine is an extremely rare finding particularly in the mandible. This case report presents a 25-year-old female patient with the unique feature of bilateral mandibular supplemental supernumerary canines. The patient was non-syndromic without any other supernumerary teeth. PMID:23346342

Abouei Mehrizi, Ehsan; Semyari, Hassan; Eslami Amirabadi, Gholamreza

2010-01-01

145

Treatment of a patient with a crowded Class I malocclusion and a congenitally missing mandibular incisor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case report describes the management of maxillary and mandibular crowding in a patient with facial esthetic concerns and a tooth-size discrepancy due to a missing mandibular central incisor. The treatment included extracting the remaining mandibular central incisor and the 2 maxillary first premolars. The mandibular canines were repositioned to substitute for lateral incisors, and the mandibular premolars were used

Patrick Curiel; Margherita Santoro

2002-01-01

146

Axial relationship between dental implants and teeth/implants: a radiographic study.  

PubMed

The relationship of dental implants with neighboring teeth will affect both occlusal relationship and distribution of forces; thus, the purpose of this study was to examine implants' axial relationship with adjacent and opposing teeth/implants. Data of dental implants patients was retrieved. Panoramic X rays were digitized. Computer-based software was used to measure the angular relationship between the implants and adjacent/opposing teeth and implants. Data was further sorted by the mode of placement and implants position. 50 patients (219 implants) were included. Mean angle to adjacent tooth/implant was 178.71° ± 9.18° (range 129.7°-206°). Implants were more parallel to adjacent teeth (180.99° ± 1.06°) than to adjacent implants (176.32° ± 0.54°; P = .0001). Mean angular relationship to opposite tooth was 167.88° ± 8.92° (range 137.7°-179.8°). Implants that were placed freehand or with positional guide had similar intra-arch relationship (178.22° and 178.81°, respectively) and similar inter-arch angulations (164.46° and 167.74°). Molars had greater deviation of the angular relationship (175.54°) compared to premolars (181.62°) and incisors (180.55°, P = .0001). Implants placed in the maxilla had smaller axial deviation compared to implants in the mandible (180.41° ± 0.64 vs 177.14° ± 1.02; P = .0081). Good axial relationship may be obtained in most implants placed by an experienced clinician, even when placed freehand. The mandibular posterior region is more prone to axial deviation and as such requires special attention. PMID:25106006

Machtei, Eli E; Oettinger-Barak, Orit; Horwitz, Jacob

2014-08-01

147

Coated vs uncoated implants: bone defect configurations after progressive peri-implantitis in dogs.  

PubMed

In this study, hydroxyapatite coated vs uncoated implants were used to evaluate the type and dimensions of bone defects after progressive peri-implantitis in dogs. Thirty-two dental implants with 4 different surfaces-machined (M), sandblasted acid-etched (SA), 1-?m thin sputter hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated (S), and plasma-sprayed HA-coated (P)-were inserted into the mandibles of 4 beagle dogs after extracting all mandibular premolars. Experimental peri-implantitis was induced after 3 months using ligature to allow for plaque accumulation. After 4 months, ligatures were removed and plaque accumulation continued for 5 months (progression period). The open flap surgery demonstrated 3 patterns of peri-implantitis bone defect: (1) Class I defect: represented as circumferential intra-alveolar bone loss; (2) Class II defect: circumferential intra-alveolar defect with supra-alveolar bone loss exposing the implant surface; and (3) Class III defect: represented as circumferential intra-alveolar defect with supra-alveolar bone loss and buccal dehiscence. Class I was the most frequent (62.5%) defect pattern around implant types M, SA, and S; while implant type-P showed a recurring majority of Class II (62.5%). Comparison among the 4 implant groups revealed a significant defect width (DW) in implant type-P relative to other types (P < 0.01). However, no statistically significant differences were noted for defect depth (DD) (P > 0.05). We concluded that the shape and size of peri-implantitis bone defects were influenced by the type and thickness of the HA coat together with the quantity of the available peri-implant bone. Plasma-sprayed HA-coated implants showed larger peri-implant defects than did thin sputter HA-coated implants. PMID:23289839

Madi, Marwa; Zakaria, Osama; Kasugai, Shohei

2014-12-01

148

Semirigid Cantilever Extension System for Splinting Implants: A Clinical Report  

PubMed Central

In mandibular edentulous patients, treatment based on immediate loading with rigid splinting in the mandible is well accepted; however, it is cost and time dependent, which sometimes limits this type of rehabilitation. To overcome these problems, the technique of immediate loading using a semirigid splinting extension system has been developed. Its advantages include low cost, technical feasibility, and reduced clinic time. This clinical report presents the applicability and the predictability of semirigid splinting of implants in the mandibular arch of an edentulous patient using a distal extension bar prosthesis system. PMID:25161775

Machado, Raissa Micaella Marcello; Pinto, Luciana de Rezende; Chagas Júnior, Otacílio Luiz

2014-01-01

149

The Effect of Partial Coating with Hydroxyapatite on Bone Remodeling in Relation to Porous-coated Titanium-alloy Dental Implants in the Dog  

Microsoft Academic Search

For inhibition of crestal bone resorption due to stress shielding and disuse atrophy, an hydroxyapatite (HA) plasma coating was added to the coronal portion of partially porous-coated endosseous dental implants. These implants, as well as control non-HA-coated implants were placed in healed mandibular premolar extraction sites in dogs for a 72-week period of function. Histological examination showed that both implant

R. M. Pilliar; D. A. Deporter; P. A. Watson; M. Pharoah; M. Chipman; N. Valiquette; S. Carter; K. De Groot

1991-01-01

150

The efficacy of supplemental intraosseous anesthesia after insufficient mandibular block.  

PubMed

It is a well-known scientific fact that only a small percentage of infiltration of inferior alveolar nerve is clinically proven to be efficient. The objective of this study was to determine the anesthetic efficacy of supplemental intraosseous injection, used after the insufficient classical mandibular block that didn't provide deep pulp anesthesia of mandibular molar planed for extraction. The experimental teeth consisted of 98 mandibular molars with clinical indication for extraction. Based on the history of disease, we indicated the extraction of the tooth. After that each tooth was tested with a electric pulp tester P1. We tested the pulp vitality and precisely determined the level of vitality. After that, each patient received classical mandibular block, and the pulp vitality was tested again. If the pulp tester indicated negative vitality for the certain mandibular molar, and the patient didn't complain about pain or discomfort during the extraction, the molar was extracted and the result was added to anesthetic success rate for the classical mandibular block. If, five minutes after receiving the mandibular block, the pulp tester indicated positive vitality (parameters of vitality) or the patient complained about pain or discomfort (parameters of pain and discomfort), we used the Stabident intraosseous anesthesia system. Three minutes after the application of supplemental intraosseous injection the molar was tested with the pulp tester again. The anesthetic solution used in both anesthetic techniques is lidocaine with 1:100.000 epinephrine. The results of this study indicate that the anesthetic efficacy of the mandibular block is 74.5%, and that supplemental intraosseous anesthesia, applied after the insufficient mandibular block, provides pulpal anesthesia in 94.9% of mandibular molars. The difference between anesthetic efficacy of the classical mandibular block and anesthetic efficacy of the supplemental intraosseous anesthesia, applied after the insufficient mandibular block, is obvious. PMID:15771604

Prohi?, Samir; Sulejmanagi?, Halid; Seci?, Sadeta

2005-02-01

151

Reconstruction of Beagle Hemi-Mandibular Defects with Allogenic Mandibular Scaffolds and Autologous Mesenchymal Stem Cells  

PubMed Central

Objective Massive bone allografts are frequently used in orthopedic reconstructive surgery, but carry a high failure rate of approximately 25%. We tested whether treatment of graft with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can increase the integration of massive allografts (hemi-mandible) in a large animal model. Methods Thirty beagle dogs received surgical left-sided hemi-mandibular defects, and then divided into two equal groups. Bony defects of the control group were reconstructed using allografts only. Those of the experimental group were reconstructed using allogenic mandibular scaffold-loaded autologous MSCs. Beagles from each group were killed at4 (n?=?4), 12 (n?=?4), 24 (n?=?4) or 48 weeks (n?=?3) postoperatively. CT and micro-CT scans, histological analyses and the bone mineral density (BMD) of transplants were used to evaluate defect reconstruction outcomes. Results Gross and CT examinations showed that the autologous bone grafts had healed in both groups. At 48 weeks, the allogenic mandibular scaffolds of the experimental group had been completely replaced by new bone, which has a smaller surface area to that of the original allogenic scaffold, whereas the scaffold in control dogs remained the same size as the original allogenic scaffold throughout. At 12 weeks, the BMD of the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group (p<0.05), and all micro-architectural parameters were significantly different between groups (p<0.05). Histological analyses showed almost all transplanted allogeneic bone was replaced by new bone, principally fibrous ossification, in the experimental group, which differed from the control group where little new bone formed. Conclusions Our study demonstrated the feasibility of MSC-loaded allogenic mandibular scaffolds for the reconstruction of hemi-mandibular defects. Further studies are needed to test whether these results can be surpassed by the use of allogenic mandibular scaffolds loaded with a combination of MSCs and osteoinductive growth factors. PMID:25153673

Luo, JinChao; Liu, HuaWei; Hu, Min; Yue, Wen

2014-01-01

152

Cone beam computed tomography findings of ectopic mandibular third molar in the mandibular condyle: report of a case  

PubMed Central

Impaction of third molar is a common developmental abnormality. However, ectopic impaction of the mandibular third molar in condylar region is an extremely rare condition. This report describes a case of impacted tooth in the mandibular condyle without any associated pathologic condition. Also, this report presents the spatial relationship of the impacted mandibular third molar to the surrounding anatomic structures using cone beam computed tomography. PMID:22010071

2011-01-01

153

Management of severe mandibular deviation following partial mandibular resection: a case report.  

PubMed

Extensive mandibular resection commonly leads to a deviation of the mandible, facial disfigurement, and difficulty with speech and mastication. The rehabilitation of these patients is a prosthodontic challenge. This article presents the case of a 60-year-old man who sought prosthetic rehabilitation after a right segmental mandibulectomy. The prosthetic rehabilitation was planned in 2 phases. A palatal ramp was constructed, followed by a mandibular guiding flange. After 4 months, the patient's chewing ability, tongue movement, and facial esthetics were improved. PMID:25574730

Harianawala, Husain; Kheur, Mohit; Kheur, Supriya; Matani, Jay

2015-01-01

154

Congenital cheek teratoma with temporo-mandibular joint ankylosis managed with ultra-thin silicone sheet interpositional arthroplasty.  

PubMed

Primary cheek teratomas are rare with < 5 reported cases. None had associated temporo mandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA). The fundamental aim in the treatment of TMJA is the successful surgical resection of ankylotic bone, prevention of recurrence, and aesthetic improvement by ensuring functional occlusion. Early treatment is necessary to promote proper growth and function of mandible and to facilitate the positive psychological development of child. Inter-positional arthroplasty with ultra-thin silicone sheet was performed. Advantages include short operative time, less foreign material in the joint space leading to negligible foreign body reactions and least chances of implant extrusion. Instead of excising a large bony segment, a thin silicone sheet was interposed and then sutured ensuring preservation of mandibular height. Aggressive post-operative physiotherapy with custom made dynamic jaw exerciser was used to prevent recurrence. PMID:24163567

Bhatnagar, Ankur; Verma, Vinay Kumar; Purohit, Vishal

2013-01-01

155

Congenital cheek teratoma with temporo-mandibular joint ankylosis managed with ultra-thin silicone sheet interpositional arthroplasty  

PubMed Central

Primary cheek teratomas are rare with < 5 reported cases. None had associated temporo mandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA). The fundamental aim in the treatment of TMJA is the successful surgical resection of ankylotic bone, prevention of recurrence, and aesthetic improvement by ensuring functional occlusion. Early treatment is necessary to promote proper growth and function of mandible and to facilitate the positive psychological development of child. Inter-positional arthroplasty with ultra-thin silicone sheet was performed. Advantages include short operative time, less foreign material in the joint space leading to negligible foreign body reactions and least chances of implant extrusion. Instead of excising a large bony segment, a thin silicone sheet was interposed and then sutured ensuring preservation of mandibular height. Aggressive post-operative physiotherapy with custom made dynamic jaw exerciser was used to prevent recurrence. PMID:24163567

Bhatnagar, Ankur; Verma, Vinay Kumar; Purohit, Vishal

2013-01-01

156

Cochlear Implants  

MedlinePLUS

... are better able to hear, comprehend sound and music, and speak than their peers who receive implants ... future hold for cochlear implants? With advancements in technology and continued follow-up studies with people who ...

157

Analysis of head and mandibular tapping movements in patients with mandibular protrusion.  

PubMed

The present study was conducted to investigate whether there was a functional coupling between the head and mandibular movements in ten patients with mandibular protrusion (MP) and ten control subjects with normal occlusion (Normal), using a six degrees-of-freedom measuring device. Single-peak waveforms were predominantly seen in both MP (98.2%) and Normal (99.3%). However, vertical displacements of the upper and lower incisor points (VD(UIP) and VD(LIP)) were all significantly larger in MP than those in Normal. The ratio VD(UIP)/VD(LIP) also increased more sharply with an increase in VD(LIP) in MP, compared to that in Normal. Mandibular rotation in MP was also significantly larger than that in Normal. The results showed that, in MP, the head moves more vertically in rhythmical coordination with mandibular movement during tapping. Finally, it may be that this larger vertical head movement is related to the greater condylar rotation in MP subjects. PMID:16541840

Nibe, Hiroshi; Yamada, Kazuhiro; Fukui, Tadao; Kohno, Shoji; Hanada, Kooji

2006-01-01

158

Effect of electrical stimulation on mandibular distraction osteogenesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine whether the use of electrical stimulation during mandibular lengthening accelerates new bone formation.Twenty adult female rabbits weighing between 2800 g and 3200 g underwent left mandibular body osteotomy. After a 3 day latency period, an external fixation device was activated at a rate of 0.7 mm per day for 10 days. Direct current electrical

Toshiyuki Hagiwara; William H. Bell

2000-01-01

159

Unusual complication of repair of fractured mandibular angle.  

PubMed

Internal fixation with miniplates remains an accepted and reliable approach to the management of mandibular fractures, and erosion through the oral mucosa is a well-recognised long-term complication. We report a case of erosion of a miniplate through the skin 5 years after internal fixation of a fracture of the left mandibular angle. PMID:25532968

Delpachitra, S; Rahmel, B; Ramalingam, L

2015-02-01

160

Correlation between mandibular incisor crown morphologic index and postretention stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Considering postretention stability as a result of successful orthodontic treatment, we aimed to verify the influence of mandibular-incisor-crown morphology in the relapse of mandibular anterior crowding. Methods: The sample comprised 56 white subjects of both sexes with Class I and Class II malocclusions at pretreatment, treated with extraction of 4 first premolars and edgewise mechanics. No patient underwent interproximal

Marcos Roberto de Freitas; Renata Cristina Faria Ribeiro de Castro; Guilherme Janson; Karina Maria Salvatore Freitas; José Fernando Castanha Henriquesa

2006-01-01

161

Stability of transverse expansion in the mandibular arch  

Microsoft Academic Search

This was a retrospective, longitudinal cephalometric and cast study of 29 white patients at pretreatment, posttreatment, and an average of 6 years 3 months postretention. The goal was to assess changes with treatment and retention with the expanding mandibular lingual arch appliance in conjunction with fixed edgewise treatment. Seven mandibular cast measurements were assessed, including arch crowding, arch perimeter, arch

Jeffrey A Housley; Ram S Nanda; G. Fräns Currier; Dale E McCune

2003-01-01

162

Postretention changes in mandibular crowding: a review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Posttreatment stability is one of the challenges facing orthodontists today. Relapse of the mandibular anterior segment during the postretention period is perhaps the most predictable and frustrating of all orthodontic relapses. This type of relapse is sometimes erroneously construed as a sign of inappropriate treatment or evidence of misdiagnosis or incorrect mechanics. This article reviews mandibular incisor postretention stability outcomes

Anwar Ali Shah

2003-01-01

163

Unilateral craniofacial microsomia. Part I. Mandibular analysis.  

PubMed

Various attempts to describe the skeletal characteristics of unilateral craniofacial microsomia have been made with the use of cephalometric and panoramic roentgenograms. Previous studies have been only descriptive in nature. To date, a detailed (quantitative) cephalometric analysis of the mandibular deformity has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to describe the skeletal jaw deformity by means of cephalometric landmarks in the lateral view. The patient population consisted of sixteen boys and eight girls who ranged in age from 6 to 16 years. They were compared to the University of Michigan normal control population for the following measures: gonial angle, mandibular plane angle, overall oblique length of the mandible, ramal height, and body length. The affected side showed a larger gonial angle and mandibular plane angle. The oblique length of the mandible (Cd-Gn) was decreased on both sides, as were ramal height and body length. Paradoxically, body length appeared shorter on the unaffected side than on the affected side. This paradoxical observation could be attributed to a shift of the mandible in relation to the midsagittal plane of the cranial base, the film cassette, and the path of the x-ray beam. Observation of the mandible in the basilar cephalogram explained the geometry of the projection error found in the lateral view. Similar projection errors exist for patients with other types of craniofacial asymmetry. It is suggested that two radiographic views, orthogonal to each other, should be used to define the x, y, and z planes for studies of craniofacial abnormality. PMID:6577795

Grayson, B H; Boral, S; Eisig, S; Kolber, A; McCarthy, J G

1983-09-01

164

Distraction osteogenesis for correction of mandibular abnormalities  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Management of mandibular deformities is challenging. Distraction osteogenesis is a relatively new technique with promising results. Materials and Methods: We selected 12 patients. The osteotomy site decided was proximal to the antegonial notch. Latency time was five to seven days. Consolidation period was eight weeks in eleven cases and six weeks in one case. Results: In all the patients, appreciable lengthening of mandible was achieved. Discussion: The greatest advantage of distraction osteogenesis is growth of soft tissue along with the growth of hard tissue. This increases post operative stability PMID:24665178

Karun, Vinayak; Agarwal, Navneet; Singh, Virendra

2013-01-01

165

Mandibular Plasmacytoma of Jaw – A Case Report  

PubMed Central

The plasma cell neoplasm may present as Extramedullary Plasmacytoma (EMP) in soft tissues in bone as a Solitary Plasmacytoma of bone (SPB) or as a part of multi focal disseminated disease Multiple Myeloma (MM). The majority of 80% occurs in head and neck region. In our case, a 62-year-old male patient presented with a non tender swelling of short duration. The swelling was noted obliterating the vestibular depth in right lower mandibular region. The radiological features were non specific. PMID:25302275

Kaur, Parwinder; Gupta, Rakhi; Gupta, Shally; Singh, Simranjit

2014-01-01

166

Late development of a mandibular second premolar  

PubMed Central

In this report, we present the case of a girl with delayed odontogenesis of a lower second premolar for which she was followed up for 8.5 years. Congenital absence of permanent mandibular second premolars was observed at the initial radiographic examination at 8 years and 1 month. One year later, during the treatment period, an unexpected odontogenesis of a right second premolar was diagnosed on follow-up radiography. The original treatment plan was revised and a new plan was successfully implemented. Th is unusual case showed that the orthodontist's clinical philosophy must be flexible because unexpected situations can arise, especially when treating growing patients. PMID:23112938

Doruk, Cenk; Babacan, Hasan

2012-01-01

167

Tetrafid mandibular condyle: a unique case report and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Morphological changes such as bifid and trifid mandibular condyle are rare entities. The aim of the present report is to describe a unique morphological variation of the mandibular condyle which has four separate condylar heads (tetrafid mandibular condyle) and to discuss clinical and radiological differential diagnosis of tetrafid mandibular condyle with advanced imaging techniques. PMID:22065803

?ahman, H; Etöz, OA; ?ekerci, AE; Etöz, M; ?i?man, Y

2011-01-01

168

Intrusion of an overerupted molar using orthodontic miniscrew implant: A preprosthodontic therapy.  

PubMed

The purpose of this case report is to demonstrate the use of orthodontic miniscrew implant in the intrusion of overerupted molar as a preprosthodontic therapy. A 37-year-old woman with an overerupted maxillary right first molar encroaching on the opposing mandibular edentulous space was successfully intruded using a single miniscrew implant and partial fixed orthodontic appliance. The prosthodontic clinician may adopt this conservative and cost-effective strategy in their routine practice and avoid clinical crown reduction. PMID:25191088

Sivakumar, Indumathi; Sivakumar, Arunachalam

2014-07-01

169

Intrusion of an overerupted molar using orthodontic miniscrew implant: A preprosthodontic therapy  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this case report is to demonstrate the use of orthodontic miniscrew implant in the intrusion of overerupted molar as a preprosthodontic therapy. A 37-year-old woman with an overerupted maxillary right first molar encroaching on the opposing mandibular edentulous space was successfully intruded using a single miniscrew implant and partial fixed orthodontic appliance. The prosthodontic clinician may adopt this conservative and cost-effective strategy in their routine practice and avoid clinical crown reduction. PMID:25191088

Sivakumar, Indumathi; Sivakumar, Arunachalam

2014-01-01

170

Mandibular distraction of the body and ramus.  

PubMed

With the ever increasing interest in the field of osteodistraction techniques, the mandible is certainly the most studied anatomical site, both experimentally and clinically. Currently, the methods of mandibular distraction can be classified by position (intra- or extraoral), by the direction of distraction and by the site of application (toothborn, boneborn or hybrid fixation). To guarantee good results from the osteodistraction procedure, it is fundamental to have an accurate preoperative plan considering the correct classification and evaluation of the patient combined with a valid project regarding the direction of the distraction vector. One of the most important aspects to consider is the orientation of the distractor, especially if the defect to be corrected is three-dimensional. Regarding the correct planning of the operation, knowing the secondary effects of the distraction on the soft tissues, muscles and nerves, the temporomandibular joint and velopharyngeal functioning is of fundamental importance. It is worth considering particular situations in which osteodistraction is extremely helpful in maxillofacial surgery, for example in the construction of a neocondyle, in bone replacement during oncologic interventions, in obstructive sleep apnea correction and in hemi-mandibular reconstruction. PMID:16971880

Albanese, M; Mercanti, M; Bertelè, G; Stella, F; Trevisiol, L

2006-06-01

171

Condylar Mineralization Following Mandibular Distraction in Rats  

PubMed Central

The impact of mandibular distraction on condyles is poorly understood. To examine how condylar mineralization is affected, we performed distraction in 128 one-month-old rapidly and 126 three-month-old slowly growing rats. The rate of distraction was 0.0 mm (sham), 0.2 mm (slow), 0.4 mm (moderate), or 0.6 mm (rapid). From 7 to 9 rats from each rate (n = 29-32) were killed at 4 time periods (D6, D10, D24, and D38) following osteotomy. Calcein and alizarin were injected 6 and 3 days, respectively, prior to death. Methacrylate-embedded sagittal condylar sections were examined under epifluorescence, and mineral apposition rates were measured. Results indicated that: (1) rapidly growing rats showed higher mineral apposition rates (p < 0.01-0.001) than did slowly growing rats; (2) mineral apposition rates were lower in distracted sides at all times in rapidly growing rats (p < 0.05-0.01), while this side-dependency was seen only at D24 in slowly growing rats (p < 0.05); and (3) distraction rates had little effect on mineral apposition rates. Thus, mandibular distraction decreases condylar mineral apposition rates, but only in rapidly growing rats, which is related to surgery and its functional consequences, not to the distraction rate. PMID:16798868

Liu, Z.J.; King, G.J.; Herring, S.W.

2008-01-01

172

Transmigration of mandibular canine – case report  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Transmigration is a phenomenon of movement of an unerupted tooth in the bone across the midline. This anomaly is not often found. Transmigration is more prevalent in females than in males, and more often encountered in the mandible than maxilla, it affects mostly canines. Case Report The aim of this study was to present a case report of a mandibular canine transmigration in a patient aged 12. Intraoral examination determined hypodontia of right second premolar and delayed eruption of left second premolar in maxilla, as well as persistent deciduous teeth: right second molar, left canine and second molar. The patient was referred for a Cone-Beam CT examination, which allowed precise visualization of the transmigrating canine as well as ruled out resorption of roots of mandibular incisors. Results The treatment with a maxillary fixed orthodontic appliance was finished after obtaining a satisfactory result. Proper alignment of the incisors in the anterior-posterior plane and correct midline position were accepted by the patient. Transmigrating canine after consultation with the surgeon was designed to further radiological observation. PMID:24520309

Gruszka, Katarzyna; Ró?y?o, T. Katarzyna; Ró?y?o-Kalinowska, Ingrid; Denkiewicz, Katarzyna; Mas?owska, Klaudia

2014-01-01

173

Management of a transmigrated mandibular canine  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this article is to report the management of a transmigrated mandibular canine with emphasis on saving the tooth as natural part rather than surgical removal of the transmigrated tooth. There are several treatment options proposed for impacted mandibular canines including surgical removal, exposure and orthodontic alignment, intra-alveolar tooth transplantation (surgical repositioning of a tooth in its alveolar socket) and observation. The technique, surgical repositioning of a tooth involves the surgical extraction of impacted tooth and fixation in the correct position in the dental arch after surgical preparation (correction) of the alveolar socket. It is especially valuable in cases of difficult-to-treat impaction. A repositioned tooth is better substitute than fixed or removable prostheses, and the technique is more cost effective than other methods. Patients with excellent oral hygiene should be considered as preferred candidates for surgical repositioning of tooth. Disadvantages include the invasiveness of surgery, the difficulty of projecting long term stability due to chances of root resorption and loss of gingival attachment. PMID:24987621

Verma, Sneh Lata; Sharma, V. P.; Singh, Gyan P.

2012-01-01

174

Condylar mineralization following mandibular distraction in rats.  

PubMed

The impact of mandibular distraction on condyles is poorly understood. To examine how condylar mineralization is affected, we performed distraction in 128 one-month-old rapidly and 126 three-month-old slowly growing rats. The rate of distraction was 0.0 mm (sham), 0.2 mm (slow), 0.4 mm (moderate), or 0.6 mm (rapid). From 7 to 9 rats from each rate (n = 29-32) were killed at 4 time periods (D6, D10, D24, and D38) following osteotomy. Calcein and alizarin were injected 6 and 3 days, respectively, prior to death. Methacrylate-embedded sagittal condylar sections were examined under epifluorescence, and mineral apposition rates were measured. Results indicated that: (1) rapidly growing rats showed higher mineral apposition rates (p < 0.01-0.001) than did slowly growing rats; (2) mineral apposition rates were lower in distracted sides at all times in rapidly growing rats (p < 0.05-0.01), while this side-dependency was seen only at D24 in slowly growing rats (p < 0.05); and (3) distraction rates had little effect on mineral apposition rates. Thus, mandibular distraction decreases condylar mineral apposition rates, but only in rapidly growing rats, which is related to surgery and its functional consequences, not to the distraction rate. PMID:16798868

Liu, Z J; King, G J; Herring, S W

2006-07-01

175

Mandibular trauma treatment: A comparison of two protocols.  

PubMed

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment of mandibular fractures treated in two European centre in 10 years. Study Design: This study is based on 2 systematic computer-assisted databases that have continuously recorded patients hospitalized with maxillofacial fractures in two centers in Turin, Italy and in Amsterdam, the Netherlands for ten years. Only patients who were admitted for mandibular fractures were considered for this study. Results: Between 2001 and 2010, a total of 752 patients were admitted at Turin hospital with a total of 1167 mandibular fractures not associated with further maxillofacial fractures, whereas 245 patients were admitted at Amsterdam hospital with a total of 434 mandibular fractures. At Amsterdam center, a total of 457 plates (1.5 - 2.7 mm) were used for the 434 mandibular fracture lines, whereas at Turin center 1232 plates (1.5 - 2.5 mm) were used for the management of the 1167 mandibular fracture lines. At Turin center, 190 patients were treated primarily with IMF, whereas 35 patients were treated with such treatment option at Amsterdam center. Conclusions: Current protocols for the management of mandibular fractures are quite efficient. It is difficult to obtain a uniform protocol, because of the difference of course of each occurring fracture and because of surgeons' experiences and preferences. Several techniques can still be used for each peculiar fracture of the mandible. PMID:25475782

Boffano, P; Kommers, S-C; Roccia, F; Forouzanfar, T

2014-12-01

176

The impact of cone beam CT imaging when placing dental implants in the anterior edentulous mandible: a before-after study.  

PubMed

Objectives: To evaluate the impact of CBCT imaging when placing dental implants in the anterior edentulous mandible, using a 'before-after' study design. Methods: Eight dental practitioners, who regularly place dental implants in independent dental practice in the North West of England, were presented with realistic simulations of four edentulous cases. The practitioners were asked to assess case difficulty, select implants and then drill osteotomies in preparation for dental implants in the lower canine regions to support a complete overdenture. In the 'before' part of the study, a panoramic and a transymphyseal view were available. In the 'after' part of the study a CBCT image was added. Perception of case difficulty, implant selection and the incidence of perforations, or 'near miss perforations', of the lingual cortical plate were recorded. Two cases were regarded as "regular" and two as "challenging". Results: In challenging cases, the availability of CBCT led practitioners to select narrower implants and to assess cases as more difficult. In the challenging cases only there were fewer perforations of the lingual cortical plate after the availability of CBCT but this difference was not statistically significant. There were no perforations in the regular cases either before or after the availability of CBCT. Conclusions: Perception of case difficulty and implant selection are of importance only if they change the outcome for the patient. This study provided weak evidence that CBCT is helpful in avoiding perforations in challenging cases. The availability of CBCT had no impact in the regular cases. PMID:25472617

Shelley, Andrew; Ferrero, Alessandro; Brunton, Paul; Goodwin, Michaela; Horner, Keith

2014-12-01

177

Safe placement techniques for self-drilling orthodontic mini-implants.  

PubMed

Self-drilling mini-implants are being used more frequently as an orthodontic anchorage, but the placement torque of self-drilling mini-implants can easily become excessive in the thick, mandibular cortical bone. The purpose of this study is to examine a safe self-drilling placement technique that provides adequate placement torque for orthodontic mini-implants. The mini-implants were placed using self-drilling and pre-drilling methods into the ribs of pigs. Specimens were classified into two groups, thin and thick, with cortical bone thicknesses of 1.2 ± 0.02 and 2.0 ± 0.03 mm, respectively, and used to model the human maxillary and the mandibular bones. The peak mini-implant placement torque value was measured and the surrounding cortical bone was observed histologically. In the mandible model, the torque in the self-drilling and pre-drilling groups exceeded 10 N cm, except in one case which had a 1.3 mm diameter pilot hole. Histology revealed cracks in the surrounding cortical bone in the groups whose torque value was 10 N cm or more. Therefore, when using the self-drilling technique to place a 1.6mm diameter mini-implant in the mandibular alveolar bone, it is preferable to drill a 1.3mm diameter pilot hole first. PMID:22763139

Tachibana, R; Motoyoshi, M; Shinohara, A; Shigeeda, T; Shimizu, N

2012-11-01

178

Surgical extraction of mandibular third molar in pterygomandibular space: a case report.  

PubMed

Impacted mandibular third molars are located between the second mandibular molar and mandibular ramus. However, ectopic mandibular third molars with heterotopic positions are reported in the subcondylar or pterygomandibular space. The usual cause of malposition is a cyst or tumor, and malposition without a pathology is rare. This case report described an impacted mandibular third molar in the pterygomandibular space without any associated pathology. PMID:24471052

Lee, Young-Kyu; Park, Sung-Soo; Myoung, Hoon

2013-10-01

179

OSTEOCHONDRAL INTERFACE REGENERATION OF THE RABBIT MANDIBULAR CONDYLE WITH BIOACTIVE SIGNAL GRADIENTS  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Tissue engineering solutions focused on the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have expanded in number and variety over the past decade to address the treatment of TMJ disorders. The existing literature on approaches for healing small defects in the TMJ condylar cartilage and subchondral bone, however, is sparse. The purpose of this study was thus to evaluate the performance of a novel gradient-based scaffolding approach to regenerate osteochondral defects in the rabbit mandibular condyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS Miniature bioactive plugs for regeneration of small mandibular condylar defects in New Zealand White rabbits were fabricated. The plugs were constructed from poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres with a gradient transition between cartilage-promoting and bone-promoting growth factors. RESULTS At six weeks of healing, results suggested that the implants provided support for the neo-synthesized tissue as evidenced by histology and 9.4T magnetic resonance imaging. CONCLUSION The inclusion of bioactive factors in a gradient-based scaffolding design is a promising new treatment strategy for focal defect repair in the TMJ. PMID:21470747

Dormer, Nathan H.; Busaidy, Kamal; Berkland, Cory J.; Detamore, Michael S.

2011-01-01

180

Conventional 2.0 mm miniplates versus 3-D plates in mandibular fractures  

PubMed Central

Aim: To compare and evaluate the treatment outcome and postoperative complications in mandibular fractures using 2- and 3-dimensional miniplates. Materials and Methods: This study consisted of a sample of 28 patients (40 fracture sites) divided randomly but equally (single-blind control trial study) into two groups. Each group contains 14 patients (20 similar fracture sites in each group). Group 1 was treated with open reduction and internal fixation using 3-dimensional (3-D) miniplates. Group II was treated using 2-dimensional (2-D) 2-mm miniplates. Results: Out of 14 patients treated by conventional 2-mm miniplates, 2 patients developed occlusal discrepancy, another 2 had postoperative mobility at fracture site, and 1 developed plate failure and subsequent infection, which was treated by removal of the plate under antibiotic coverage. One patient treated by 3-dimensional plates had tooth damage. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test. Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that the treatment of mandibular fractures (symphysis, parasymphysis, and angle) with 3-dimensional plates provided 3-dimensional stability and carried low morbidity and infection rates. The only probable limitations of 3-dimensional plates were excessive implant material due to the extra vertical bars incorporated for countering the torque forces. PMID:24205475

Sadhwani, Bipin S.; Anchlia, Sonal

2013-01-01

181

[The value of 3-dimensional model in the reconstruction of mandibular segment defect. Observations in a clinical case].  

PubMed

The use of autogenous bone graft in the reconstruction of mandibular defects following tumor extirpation is a reliable method for further functional rehabilitation. The exact amount of bone needed for harvesting is usually achieved by estimation of the gap and direct measuring. We present the case of a 51-years old patient referred to our clinic for a recurrent mandibular keratocyst. Besides clinical examination, the diagnosis work-up consisted of ortopantomography and computertomography (CT). Based on CT images, a graphic reconstruction of the mandible was realized and a 3D negative template of the scheduled mandibular defect was printed. The tumor was removed by a segmental resection of the mandible, while a fragment of bone tissue similar to the 3D model was harvested from the iliac crest. This bone fragment replaced the mandible defect and was fixed by means of four plates and titanium screws. No postoperative complications occurred. The pathology result confirmed the diagnosis of keratocyst. In conclusion, this method proved to be useful for precise planning of the shape and size of the graft in addition to exact placement of the graft in an acceptable prosthodontically position for future dental implant rehabilitation. PMID:21688583

Balan, M; Popescu, Eugenia; Dumitra?, C G; Ciofu, M; Boi?teanu, Otilia; Costan, V V

2011-01-01

182

Bone Suture in Management of Mandibular Degloving Injury  

PubMed Central

Traumatic degloving injuries of the mandible are rare intraoral soft tissue traumas. A simple review of the medical literature shows that no article up to this date has reported the prevalence of the degloving injuries of the mandible. Moreover, the highest incidence of mandibular degloving injuries is reported in children and young adults. In this article, the author describes the mandibular degloving injury, characterized by the separation of periosteum and soft tissues of the anterior buccal side of the mandible, and the bone suture technique. This article outlines that a correct diagnostic assessment and appropriate treatment plan can reduce the complications after mandibular degloving injuries. PMID:24470849

Rahpeyma, Amin; Khajeahmadi, Saeedeh

2013-01-01

183

Endodontic implants  

PubMed Central

Endodontic implants were introduced back in 1960. Endodontic implants enjoyed few successes and many failures. Various reasons for failures include improper case selection, improper use of materials and sealers and poor preparation for implants. Proper case selection had given remarkable long-term success. Two different cases are being presented here, which have been treated successfully with endodontic implants and mineral trioxide aggregate Fillapex (Andreaus, Brazil), an MTA based sealer. We suggest that carefully selected cases can give a higher success rate and this method should be considered as one of the treatment modalities. PMID:25298723

Yadav, Rakesh K.; Tikku, A. P.; Chandra, Anil; Wadhwani, K. K.; Ashutosh kr; Singh, Mayank

2014-01-01

184

Endodontic implants.  

PubMed

Endodontic implants were introduced back in 1960. Endodontic implants enjoyed few successes and many failures. Various reasons for failures include improper case selection, improper use of materials and sealers and poor preparation for implants. Proper case selection had given remarkable long-term success. Two different cases are being presented here, which have been treated successfully with endodontic implants and mineral trioxide aggregate Fillapex (Andreaus, Brazil), an MTA based sealer. We suggest that carefully selected cases can give a higher success rate and this method should be considered as one of the treatment modalities. PMID:25298723

Yadav, Rakesh K; Tikku, A P; Chandra, Anil; Wadhwani, K K; Ashutosh Kr; Singh, Mayank

2014-01-01

185

Deferoxamine Expedites Consolidation during Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis  

PubMed Central

Background A limitation of mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis (DO) is the length of time required for consolidation. This drawback subjects patients to possible pin-site infections, as well as a prolonged return to activities of normal daily living. Developing innovative techniques to abridge consolidation periods could be immensely effective in preventing these problematic morbidities. Deferoxamine (DFO) is an angiogenic activator that triggers the HIF-1? pathway through localized iron depletion. We previously established the effectiveness of DFO in enhancing regenerate vascularity at a full consolidation period (28 days) in a murine mandibular DO model. To investigate whether this augmentation in vascularity would function to accelerate consolidation, we progressively shortened consolidation periods prior to ?CT imaging and biomechanical testing (BMT). Materials and Methods Three time points (14d, 21d and 28d) were selected and six groups of Sprague-Dawley rats (n=60) were equally divided into control (C) and experimental (E) groups for each time period. Each group underwent external fixator placement, mandibular osteotomy, and a 5.1mm distraction. During distraction, the experimental groups were treated with DFO injections into the regenerate gap. After consolidation, mandibles were imaged and tension tested to failure. ANOVA was conducted between groups, and p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results At 14 days of consolidation the experimental group demonstrated significant increases in Bone Volume Fraction (BVF), Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and Ultimate Load (UL) in comparison to non-treated controls. The benefit of treatment was further substantiated by a striking 100% increase in the number of bony unions at this early time-period (C:4/10 vs. E:8/10). Furthermore, metrics of BVF, BMD, Yield and UL at 14 days with treatment demonstrated comparable metrics to those of the fully consolidated 28d control group. Conclusion Based on these findings, we contend that augmentation of vascular density through localized DFO injection delivers an efficient means for accelerating bone regeneration without significantly impacting bone quality or strength. PMID:23598047

Donneys, Alexis; Deshpande, Sagar S.; Tchanque-Fossuo, Catherine N.; Johnson, Kelsey L.; Blough, Jordan T.; Perosky, Joseph E.; Kozloff, Kenneth M.; Felice, Peter A.; Nelson, Noah S.; Farberg, Aaron S.; Levi, Benjamin; Buchman, Steven R.

2014-01-01

186

GMP-level adipose stem cells combined with computer-aided manufacturing to reconstruct mandibular ameloblastoma resection defects: Experience with three cases  

PubMed Central

Background: The current management of large mandibular resection defects involves harvesting of autogenous bone grafts and repeated bending of generic reconstruction plates. However, the major disadvantage of harvesting large autogenous bone grafts is donor site morbidity and the major drawback of repeated reconstruction plate bending is plate fracture and difficulty in reproducing complex facial contours. The aim of this study was to describe reconstruction of three mandibular ameloblastoma resection defects using tissue engineered constructs of beta-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) granules, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), and Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) level autologous adipose stem cells (ASCs) with progressively increasing usage of computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) technology. Materials and Methods: Patients’ three-dimensional (3D) images were used in three consecutive patients to plan and reverse-engineer patient-specific saw guides and reconstruction plates using computer-aided additive manufacturing. Adipose tissue was harvested from the anterior abdominal walls of three patients before resection. ASCs were expanded ex vivo over 3 weeks and seeded onto a ?-TCP scaffold with rhBMP-2. Constructs were implanted into patient resection defects together with rapid prototyped reconstruction plates. Results: All three cases used one step in situ bone formation without the need for an ectopic bone formation step or vascularized flaps. In two of the three patients, dental implants were placed 10 and 14 months following reconstruction, allowing harvesting of bone cores from the regenerated mandibular defects. Histological examination and in vitro analysis of cell viability and cell surface markers were performed and prosthodontic rehabilitation was completed. Discussion: Constructs with ASCs, ?-TCP scaffolds, and rhBMP-2 can be used to reconstruct a variety of large mandibular defects, together with rapid prototyped reconstruction hardware which supports placement of dental implants. PMID:24205470

Wolff, Jan; Sándor, George K.; Miettinen, Aimo; Tuovinen, Veikko J.; Mannerström, Bettina; Patrikoski, Mimmi; Miettinen, Susanna

2013-01-01

187

Use of a Mandibular Plate to Maintain Intergonial Width in a Partially Edentulous Patient Undergoing Mandibular Symphysis Reconstruction  

PubMed Central

One of the most challenging and essential aspects of management of patients with traumatic or ablative deformities involving the mandibular symphysis is maintenance of intergonial width. Classically, the use of occlusal splints has been a simple and cost-effective solution to this problem. Patients who are edentulous, the use of Gunning splints with circummandibular wires is an alternative strategy. In the present report, we describe the use of a mandibular fixation plate for maintenance of intergonial width in an edentulous patient with a postablative mandibular symphysis defect. PMID:24436775

Susarla, Srinivas; Gordon, Paul E.; Attarpour, Ali R.; Winograd, Jonathan M.; Peacock, Zachary S.

2013-01-01

188

Biphasic synovial sarcoma in mandibular region  

PubMed Central

The term synovioma was coined by Smith in 1927, and later in 1936 Knox suggested the name synovial sarcoma. It occurs primarily in the paraarticular regions, usually in close association with tendon sheaths, bursae, and joint capsules. On rare occasions it may be seen in areas without any apparent relationship to synovial structures as in parapharyngeal region or the abdominal cavity. The first description of synovial sarcoma in the head and neck region was by Pack and Ariel in 1950. The majority of these tumors seem to take origin from paravertebral connective tissue spaces and manifest as solitary retropharyngeal or parapharyngeal masses near the carotid bifurcation. Synovial sarcoma has been reported in soft palate, tongue, maxillofacial region, angle of mandible, sternoclavicular region, scapular region, and the esophagus. We report a case of 28-year-old male patient with synovial sarcoma in mandibular region with biphasic pattern. PMID:22529590

Wadhwan, Vijay; Malik, Sangeeta; Bhola, Nitin; Chaudhary, Minal

2011-01-01

189

Extra corporeal fixation of fractured mandibular condyle.  

PubMed

Condylar fracture is the second most common site in the mandibular fractures. Motor vehicle accident and fall are the major causes of such fractures. Because of the anatomical weakness of the condyle and the shape of the condylar head the antero-medial dislocation of the condyle is common. Open reduction and closed reduction is always debatable. The open reduction will bring back the normal function much earlier than closed reduction. Medially dislocated condylar fracture fragments are always managed with open method. In superior or high condylar fractures,exact reduction with conventional open reduction can be difficult due to the limited surgical and visual fields. In such cases extracorporeal fixation of condyle using vertical ramus osteotomy may be better choice to achieve perfect alignment and absolute maintaince of vertical height of the ramus and facial symmetry. We here present a case of extracorporeal fixation of unilateral left high condylar fracture. PMID:25386546

Kannadasan, Kamal; Shenoy K, Vandana; Kengagsubbiah, Srivatsa; V, Sathyabhama; Priya, Vishnu

2014-09-01

190

Extra Corporeal Fixation of Fractured Mandibular Condyle  

PubMed Central

Condylar fracture is the second most common site in the mandibular fractures. Motor vehicle accident and fall are the major causes of such fractures. Because of the anatomical weakness of the condyle and the shape of the condylar head the antero-medial dislocation of the condyle is common. Open reduction and closed reduction is always debatable. The open reduction will bring back the normal function much earlier than closed reduction. Medially dislocated condylar fracture fragments are always managed with open method. In superior or high condylar fractures,exact reduction with conventional open reduction can be difficult due to the limited surgical and visual fields. In such cases extracorporeal fixation of condyle using vertical ramus osteotomy may be better choice to achieve perfect alignment and absolute maintaince of vertical height of the ramus and facial symmetry. We here present a case of extracorporeal fixation of unilateral left high condylar fracture. PMID:25386546

Shenoy K, Vandana; Kengagsubbiah, Srivatsa; V, Sathyabhama; Priya, Vishnu

2014-01-01

191

Mandibular reconstruction with composite microvascular tissue transfer  

SciTech Connect

Microvascular free tissue transfer has provided a variety of methods of restoring vascularized bone and soft tissue to difficult defects created by tumor resection and trauma. Over 7 years, 26 patients have undergone 28 free flaps for mandibular reconstruction, 15 for primary squamous cell carcinoma of the floor of the mouth or tongue, 7 for recurrent tumor, and 6 for other reasons (lymphangioma (1), infection (1), gunshot wound (1), and osteoradionecrosis (3)). Primary reconstruction was performed in 19 cases and secondary in 9. All repairs were composite flaps including 12 scapula, 5 radial forearm, 3 fibula, 2 serratus, and 6 deep circumflex iliac artery. Mandibular defects included the symphysis alone (7), symphysis and body (5), symphysis-body-ramus condyle (2), body or ramus (13), and bilateral body (1). Fourteen patients had received prior radiotherapy to adjuvant or curative doses. Eight received postoperative radiotherapy. All patients had initially successful vascularized reconstruction by clinical examination (28) and positive radionuclide scan (22 of 22). Bony stability was achieved in 25 of 26 patients and oral continence in 24 of 26. One complete flap loss occurred at 14 days. Complications of some degree developed in 22 patients including partial skin necrosis (3), orocutaneous fistula (3), plate exposure (1), donor site infection (3), fracture of reconstruction (1), and fracture of the radius (1). Microvascular transfer of bone and soft tissue allows a reliable reconstruction--despite previous radiotherapy, infection, foreign body, or surgery--in almost every situation in which mandible and soft tissue are absent. Bony union, a healed wound, and reasonable function and appearance are likely despite early fistula, skin loss, or metal plate or bone exposure.

Coleman, J.J. III; Wooden, W.A. (Emory Univ. School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (USA))

1990-10-01

192

Skeletal Class lll severe openbite treatment using implant anchorage.  

PubMed

A female patient with a skeletal Class III severe anterior openbite was treated using miniplates as the anchorage. The patient was 15 years and 10 months of age when she reported to our university hospital with a chief complaint of anterior openbite and reversed occlusion. The patient had an anterior openbite with an overjet of -3.0 mm and overbite of -5.0 mm and a Class III molar relationship. The cephalometric analysis showed a skeletal Class III relationship (ANB 0 degrees ). After the extraction of the bilateral mandibular third molars, miniplates were placed in the mandibular external oblique line. The mandibular dentition was retracted using elastic chain and miniplates. After treatment, an Angle Class I molar relationship was achieved and overjet and overbite had become 2.0 mm and 1.5 mm. A good facial appearance and occlusal relationship were obtained. The total active orthodontic treatment period was 23 months. Wrap-around type retainers were placed on both jaws and a lingual bonded retainer was also attached in the mandibular incisors. After 1 year of retention, the occlusion was stable, and a good facial profile was also retained. The mandibular deviation to the left was improved and the strain in the circumoral musculature during lip closure disappeared. An appropriate interincisal relationship was achieved by the uprighting of mandibular dentition without changing the vertical intermaxillary relationship. A panoramic radiograph showed no marked root resorption. Our results suggest that implant anchorage is useful for correction of skeletal Class III severe anterior openbite cases. PMID:18193965

Sakai, Yuichi; Kuroda, Shingo; Murshid, Sakhr A; Takano-Yamamoto, Teruko

2008-01-01

193

[Implant allergies].  

PubMed

An increasing number of patients receive and benefit from osteosynthesis materials or artificial joint replacement. The most common complications are mechanical problems or infection. Metals like nickel, chromium and cobalt as well as bone cement components like acrylates and gentamicin are potential contact allergens which can cause intolerance reactions to implants. Eczema, delayed wound/bone healing, recurrent effusions, pain and implant loosening all have been described as manifestation of implant allergy. In contrast to the high incidence of cutaneous metal allergy, allergies associated with implants are rare. Diagnosis of metal implant allergy is still difficult. Thus differential diagnoses--in particular infection--have to be excluded and a combined approach of allergologic diagnostics by patch test and histopathology of peri-implant tissue is recommended. It is still unknown which conditions induce allergic sensitization to implants or trigger peri-implant allergic reactions in the case of preexisting cutaneous metal allergy. Despite the risk of developing complications being unclear, titanium based osteosynthesis materials are recommended for metal allergic patients and the use of metal-metal couplings in arthroplasty is not recommended for such patients. If the regular CoCr-polyethylene articulation is employed, the patient should give informed written consent. PMID:20204719

Thomas, P; Thomsen, M

2010-03-01

194

True chondroma of the mandibular condyle: A rare case  

PubMed Central

Chondroma of the mandibular condyle is a rare benign tumor, with just a handful of cases reported in the literature. Chondromas are rare in the maxillofacial region, but are quite common in the bones of the hands and feet. So far only eight cases of true chondroma have been reported. Here, we present a case of true chondroma of the mandibular condyle of the right side, for which condylectomy was done. No signs of recurrence are noted at 2 years follow-up.

Dhirawani, Rajesh B.; Anand, Kavneet; Lalwani, Gaurav; Pathak, Sanyog; Thakkar, Bhushan

2014-01-01

195

Development and functionality of isoelastic dental implants of titanium alloys.  

PubMed

Two types of isoelastic endosseous dental implants were produced and their functionality was tested. One type consisted of a porous sintered TiTa30 alloy, the other had a special surface structure consisting of titanium wire loops. Their mechanical properties were optimized by the production parameter (sintering and diffusion bonding, respectively). The functionality was tested after insertion into an artificial jaw which had properties corresponding to the natural mandibular. The elastic properties of both implants were similar to the properties of the bone. In addition the implants have a safe anchorage bone ingrowth. In animal experiments using the implant with surface loops it was observed that the bone entered the loops and even extremely small surface cavities in the wire loops. PMID:8268380

Breme, J; Biehl, V; Schulte, W; d'Hoedt, B; Donath, K

1993-10-01

196

The extraction socket and the dental implant restoration.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to provide clinical recommendations for creating an esthetic restoration when utilizing an endosseous implant in the more demanding maxillary or mandibular anterior region of the mouth. The process attempts to correct alterations in form and function due to the undesirable effects of caries, periodontal infection or injury to the teeth and/ or their supporting tissues. Oftentimes, this requires an interdisciplinary approach that may be very delicate, involving the management of bone, soft tissue, and the design of the implant abutment and implant crown forms with carefully constructed physiologic contours. This article focuses on single implant-supported restorations that will have on influence on cosmesis of the esthetic region of the mouth. PMID:25269219

Starr, Neil L

2014-01-01

197

Correction of a severe skeletal Class II occlusion with a fixed functional appliance anchored on mini-implants: a patient report.  

PubMed

This report describes the treatment of a patient with a severe skeletal Angle Class II occlusion with a 14-mm overjet, crowding, and protrusion of the mandibular anterior teeth. The Class II relationship was caused mainly by a short corpus of the mandible. A fixed functional appliance was directly anchored on mini-implants, which were inserted in the mandible. A significant amount of mandibular advancement was achieved, with no protrusion of the mandibular anterior teeth. Facial esthetics improved considerably. This is the first patient report to demonstrate that mini-implants can be applied to anchor fixed functional appliances. The rationale to use mini-implants with fixed functional appliances and the potential benefits of this procedure are discussed. PMID:21491004

Gandedkar, Narayan H; Revankar, Ameet V; Ganeshkar, Sanjay V

2010-01-01

198

Finite Element Reconstruction of a Mandibular First Molar  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mandibular first molar is the most important tooth with complicated morphology. In finite element (FE) studies, investigators usually prefer to model anterior teeth with a simple and single straight root; it makes the results deviate from the actual case. The most complicated and time-consuming step in FE studies is modeling of the desired tooth, thus this study was performed to establish a finite element method (FEM) of reconstructing a mandibular first molar with the greatest precision. Materials and Methods An extracted mandibular first molar was digitized, and then radiographed from different aspects to achieve its outer and inner morphology. The solid model of tooth and root canals were constructed according to this data as well as the anatomy of mandibular first molar described in the literature. Result A three-dimensional model of mandibular first molar was created, giving special consideration to shape and root canal system dimensions. Conclusion This model may constitute a basis for investigating the effect of different clinical situations on mandibular first molars in vitro, especially on its root canal system. The method described here seems feasible and reasonably precise foundation for investigations. PMID:23717327

Ehsani, Sara; Mirhashemi, Fatemeh Sadat; Asgary, Saeed

2013-01-01

199

Evaluation of mandibular morphology in different facial types.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate mandibular morphology in different facial types using various parameters. This study was conducted on lateral cephalograms of a total of 110 subjects, which included 55 males and 55 females between the age of 18-25 years having a mean of 22.3 years for males and 21.5 years for females. The sample was divided into normodivergent, hypodivergent, and hyperdivergent subgroups based on Jarabak's ratio. Symphysis height, depth, ratio (height/depth) and angle, antegonial notch depth, ramal height and width, mandibular depth, upper, lower, and total gonial angle, and mandibular arc angle were analyzed statistically and graphically. It was found that the mandible with the vertical growth pattern was associated with a symphysis with large height, small depth, large ratio, small angle, decreased ramus height and width, smaller mandibular depth, increased gonial angle, and decreased mandibular arc angle in contrast to mandible with a horizontal growth pattern. Sexual dichotomy was found with mean symphysis height and depth in the female sample being smaller than in the male sample, but symphysis ratio was larger in the female sample; males having greater ramus height and width, mandibular depth than females. The mandible seemed to have retained its infantile characteristics with all its processes underdeveloped in hyperdivergent group. PMID:22090764

Mangla, Rajat; Singh, Navjot; Dua, Vinay; Padmanabhan, Prajeesh; Khanna, Mannu

2011-07-01

200

Evaluation of mandibular morphology in different facial types  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to evaluate mandibular morphology in different facial types using various parameters. This study was conducted on lateral cephalograms of a total of 110 subjects, which included 55 males and 55 females between the age of 18-25 years having a mean of 22.3 years for males and 21.5 years for females. The sample was divided into normodivergent, hypodivergent, and hyperdivergent subgroups based on Jarabak's ratio. Symphysis height, depth, ratio (height/depth) and angle, antegonial notch depth, ramal height and width, mandibular depth, upper, lower, and total gonial angle, and mandibular arc angle were analyzed statistically and graphically. It was found that the mandible with the vertical growth pattern was associated with a symphysis with large height, small depth, large ratio, small angle, decreased ramus height and width, smaller mandibular depth, increased gonial angle, and decreased mandibular arc angle in contrast to mandible with a horizontal growth pattern. Sexual dichotomy was found with mean symphysis height and depth in the female sample being smaller than in the male sample, but symphysis ratio was larger in the female sample; males having greater ramus height and width, mandibular depth than females. The mandible seemed to have retained its infantile characteristics with all its processes underdeveloped in hyperdivergent group. PMID:22090764

Mangla, Rajat; Singh, Navjot; Dua, Vinay; Padmanabhan, Prajeesh; Khanna, Mannu

2011-01-01

201

Evaluation of mandibular reconstruction with particulate cancellous bone marrow and titanium mesh after mandibular resection due to tumor surgery.  

PubMed

There are numerous treatment modalities for mandibular defects after tumor surgery. Autogenous particulate cancellous bone marrow graft combined with titanium mesh (PCBM-MESH) is an alternative procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate PCBM-MESH for mandibular reconstruction. There were a total of 10 cases from 2000 to 2011. Mandibles were successfully reconstructed in 9 cases; however, reconstruction failed in 1 case. Overall, the recovery of facial contours was excellent; conversely, the evaluation of prosthetic treatment varied widely. Thus, we suggest 3 steps for mandibular reconstruction: (1) recover the continuity of bone segments; (2) simulate optimum facial contours and dental occlusion; and (3) perform the occlusion with dental prostheses. PCBM-MESH is a valuable method for mandibular defects-particularly for restoring facial contours and a favorable alveolar ridge. PMID:24637525

Miyamoto, Ikuya; Yamashita, Yoshihiro; Yamamoto, Noriaki; Nogami, Shinnosuke; Yamauchi, Kensuke; Yoshiga, Daigo; Kaneuji, Takeshi; Takahashi, Tetsu

2014-04-01

202

Cochlear implants.  

PubMed

Cochlear implants are the first example of a neural prosthesis that can substitute a sensory organ: they bypass the malfunctioning auditory periphery of profoundly-deaf people to electrically stimulate their auditory nerve. The history of cochlear implants dates back to 1957, when Djourno and Eyriès managed, for the first time, to elicit sound sensations in a deaf listener using an electrode implanted in his inner ear. Since then, considerable technological and scientific advances have been made. Worldwide, more than 300,000 deaf people have been fitted with a cochlear implant; it has become a standard clinical procedure for born-deaf children and its success has led over the years to relaxed patient selection criteria; for example, it is now not uncommon to see people with significant residual hearing undergoing implantation. Although the ability to make sense of sounds varies widely among the implanted population, many cochlear implant listeners can use the telephone and follow auditory-only conversations in quiet environments. PMID:25247367

Macherey, Olivier; Carlyon, Robert P

2014-09-22

203

Predictable aesthetic outcome with immediate placement and early loading of one piece mini implant - A 5 year follow-up case report  

PubMed Central

One piece mini implants are viable and predictable options to conventional implants in areas of deficit bone width. These can be placed without complex surgical augmentation procedures and are cost effective. Four mini implants were placed in a 40 year old female patient replacing her mobile mandibular anterior teeth. Provisional restoration was given after 2 weeks followed by individual ceramic crowns after 6 months. 5 year follow-up showed aesthetic soft tissue contours and successful osseointegration. One piece mini implants are viable treatment option in the aesthetic management of partial edentulism especially in the mandibular anterior region. How to cite the article: Mohan CS, Harinath P, Cholan PK, Kumar DL . Predictable aesthetic outcome with immediate placement and early loading of one piece mini implant - A 5 year follow-up case report. J Int Oral Health 2014;6(2):132-5. PMID:24876715

Mohan, C S Anand; Harinath, P; Cholan, Priyanka K; Kumar, D Lokesh

2014-01-01

204

Breast Implants  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail this page Home Medical Devices Products and Medical Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Breast ...

205

Correlation between symphyseal morphology and mandibular growth  

PubMed Central

Background: This study sought to assess symphyseal morphology in adolescents with different mandibular growth patterns (MGPs) in order to see if a relation exists. Materials and Methods: In this study the symphyseal parameters (height, depth, and ratio) of normal subjects were compared with four groups with malocclusion (cl III vertical, cl II vertical, cl III horizontal, and cl II horizontal). These groups (15 samples each) were matched (for sex and cervical maturation stage [CVMS]) based on their cephalograms and patient charts. Growth patterns were differentiated by seven vertical parameters and the Wylie analysis. After confirmation of normality of the groups and similarity of their variances the two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for analysis of data assessed by adjusted chi-square (P < 0.001). The comparison of cases with the normal group was performed by the Dunnett method. Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was used for evaluation of intraobserver reliability. Results: We found the symphyseal ratio to have a significant correlation with the MGP (P < 0.001). The symphyseal ratio (Height/Depth) was small in a mandible with vertical growth pattern Cl II or Cl III. Conversely, a horizontal growth pattern of a Cl II or Cl III mandible was associated with a larger ratio of the symphysis in comparison with the normal group. The symphyseal ratio was also found to be greater in females. Conclusion: The symphyseal ratio was found to be strongly associated with the MGP. PMID:25097649

Moshfeghi, Mahkameh; Nouri, Mahtab; Mirbeigi, Sanam; Baghban, Alireza Akbar Zadeh

2014-01-01

206

Distraction osteogenesis in a severe mandibular deficiency  

PubMed Central

Objective Distraction osteogenesis is an alternative treatment method for the correction of mandibular hypoplasia. In this case report, distraction with a multidirectional extraoral device was performed to gradually lengthen the corpus and ramus of a patient who had a severe hypoplastic mandible. Materials and methods The patient underwent bilateral extraoral ramus and corpus distraction osteogenesis. After seven days of latency period, distraction was performed 0.5 mm twice a day. Subsequent consolidation period was 12 weeks. Results The patient's mandible was elongated successfully. Cephalometric analysis revealed that ANB angle decreased from 13° to 6°, overjet of 15 mm decreased to 4 mm, corpus length increased from 49 mm to 67 mm, and ramus length increased from 41 mm to 43 mm. Posterior airway space (PAS) also increased due to advancement of the mandible. In stereolithographic model evaluation it was determined that the distances from condylion to gonion and from gonion to pogonion increased. Conclusion Satisfactory results from both aesthetic and functional standpoints were obtained by distraction osteogenesis of the ramus and corpus. PMID:17239254

Ortakoglu, Kerim; Karacay, Seniz; Sencimen, Metin; Akin, Erol; Ozyigit, Aykut H; Bengi, Osman

2007-01-01

207

Herbal remedies for mandibular fracture healing  

PubMed Central

Purpose: When a bone is fractured it is usually necessary to employ a mechanical means to reduce and maintain the fragments in position. However, healing of the fracture is governed by biological principles, with which the mechanical measures must be coordinated to the end, such that a satisfactory bony union and restoration of form and function are obtained. We have studied the effect of Cissus quadrangularis (Harjor) and Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi), in the healing of mandibular fractures. Materials and Methods: A total of 29 cases having a fracture in the body of the mandible were included in the study and divided into three groups. Groups A and B were treated with Ocimum sanctum and Cissus quadrangularis, respectively, and fracture healing was assessed with biochemical markers and the bite force. Group C was the control group. Results: The period of immobilization was the lowest in the Group A followed by Group B. A significant increase in alkaline phosphatase and serum calcium was seen in Group B. The tensile strength in terms of the biting force was the maximum in cases of Group B. Conclusion: We conclude that Cissus quadrangularis and Ocimum sanctum help in fracture healing, and use of such traditional drugs will be a breakthrough in the management and early mobilization of facial fractures. PMID:25298715

Mohammad, Shadab; Pal, U.S.; Pradhan, R.; Singh, Nimisha

2014-01-01

208

Mandibular osteosarcoma in a nutria (Myocastor coypus).  

PubMed

A four-year-old neutered male nutria (Myocastor coypus) was presented for a one-day history of lethargy and anorexia. A right-sided facial swelling and loose right mandibular fourth molar that exuded caseous exudate from the root were noted; however, the animal continued to decline despite removal of the affected tooth and antibiotic and anti-inflammatory therapy. Radiographs showed a lytic proliferative bony lesion on the right mandible that appeared to expand in size over the course of a week. Due to its declining clinical condition and poor response to therapy, the animal was euthanized. Necropsy revealed an invasive bony neoplasm of the right mandible, histologically consistent with an osteosarcoma, that was invading the mandible and dental arcade, likely contributing to tooth root infection and osteomyelitis. Endocardiosis of the tricuspid valve was incidentally found as well with early cardiac remodeling of the right ventricle. This is the first report of an osteosarcoma and endocardiosis in a nutria. PMID:25314853

Johnson, James G; Kim, Kenneth; Serio, Jacqueline; Paulsen, Daniel; Rademacher, Nathalie; Pirie, Gordon

2014-09-01

209

Volatiles in the mandibular gland of Tetraponera penzigi: A plant ant of the whistling thorn acacia  

E-print Network

Volatiles in the mandibular gland of Tetraponera penzigi: A plant ant of the whistling thorn acacia; accepted 11 January 2006 Keywords: Tetraponera penzigi; Hymenoptera; Formicidae; Pseudomyrmecinae; Acacia drepanolobium; Whistling thorn acacia; Mandibular gland; Alarm pheromone 1. Subject and source Workers

Palmer, Todd M.

210

The effect of mandibular buccal tilting on the accuracy of posterior mandibular spiral tomographic images: An in vitro study  

PubMed Central

Background: Accurate measurement of the height and buccolingual thickness of available bone has a significant role in dental implantology. The shadow of ramus on the mandibular second molar region disturbs the sharpness of conventional tomographic images. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of transferring the shadow of ramus from the center of the focal plane, by changing the position of mandible, on the sharpness of the posterior mandibular region. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, we used 10 dry human mandibles. Three metal balls were mounted on the midline and mandibular second molar regions bilaterally. Standard panoramic and tomographic images were taken. Then, the mandible was tilted buccaly for 8° – compensating the normal lingual inclination of the mandibular ridge and teeth on this region – and tomographic images were taken again. The height and thickness of bone were measured on the images and then compared with the real amounts measured directly on mandibles. Also, the sharpness of mandibular canals was compared between the two tomographic methods. Findings were analyzed with repeated measured ANOVA test (P<0.05). Results: The height of mandibular bone, on the images of the tilted tomography technique was more accurate compared to standard (P<0.001), but standard tomography had more accuracy in estimating the buccolingual thickness at the half-height point. Regarding the sharpness of mandibular canals, we found no significant differences between two tomographic methods. Conclusion: Buccal tilting is recommended when measuring the bone height is more important, but routine standard tomography is preferred when the thickness is requested. PMID:23372586

Sheikhi, Mahnaz; Maleki, Vida

2011-01-01

211

Update on patterns of mandibular fracture in Tasmania, Australia.  

PubMed

Mandibular fractures often present to hospital, so if we understand trends in patterns of fractures and their demographics it may help us to deliver a better service, and prevent these injuries. Here, we compare current data on mandibular fractures in Tasmania with data from 15 years ago, and with current world trends. Patients who presented to the Royal Hobart Hospital with fractured mandibles were audited, and the data analysed and compared with those from a previous study. About 37 fractured mandibles presented to hospital each year. Most patients were men aged 20-30 years old. Ninety-seven of the 159 fractures (61%) were secondary to assault, 27 (17%) were the result of sport, and 24 (15%) followed falls. Road crashes contributed only 5% of mandibular fractures. Sixty-six patients (60%) were intoxicated at the time of injury. The angle of the mandible was the most common site of fracture and open reduction and internal fixation was the treatment of choice. There have been important changes in mandibular fracture patterns in Tasmania in the last 15 years. There was a rise in alcohol-related interpersonal violence, and men were most commonly involved. There was also a decrease in mandibular fractures caused by road crashes, which suggests an improvement in road safety. PMID:25453253

Verma, Shreya; Chambers, Ian

2015-01-01

212

Changes in overnight arterial oxygen saturation after mandibular setback.  

PubMed

Mandibular setback reduces space in the pharyngeal airway, and it has been suggested that it might induce sleep-disordered breathing. We report on its effects on space in the pharyngeal airway and respiratory function during sleep. We studied 78 patients (29 men and 49 women) in whom skeletal class III malocclusions had been corrected. The mean (range) age at operation was 24 (16-38) years and body mass index (BMI) 21.4 (16.1-30 .9)kg/m(2). Morphological changes were evaluated on lateral cephalograms taken three times: preoperatively, a few days postoperatively, and more than 6 months postoperatively. Overnight arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) was measured by pulse oximetry 6 times: preoperatively, and on days 1, 3, 5, and 7, and 6 months postoperatively; oximetric indices were calculated. Those immediately after mandibular setback were significantly worse than those preoperatively, although they gradually improved. There were positive correlations between BMI and oximetric indices, and little association between changes in mandibular position and oximetric indices. There was no evidence of sleep-disordered breathing 6 months after mandibular setback because most patients adapt to the new environment for respiratory function during sleep. However, some (particularly obese) patients may develop sleep-disordered breathing just after mandibular setback. In such patients attention should be paid to respiratory function during sleep in the immediate postoperative period, and careful postoperative follow-up is needed. PMID:22853977

Kobayashi, Tadaharu; Funayama, Akinori; Hasebe, Daichi; Kato, Yusuke; Yoshizawa, Michiko; Saito, Chikara

2013-06-01

213

Mandibular first molar with six root canals: a rare entity.  

PubMed

Recently, there has been an ongoing trend of case reports that highlight the presence of more than four root canals in mandibular first molars. This tendency warns clinicians to be more prudent when dealing with mandibular first molars requiring endodontic treatment. Moreover, radiographic examination should be taken as a clue providing tool rather than as an absolute guide to anatomy and its associated aberrances. This case reports the successful non-surgical endodontic management of a mandibular first molar with six root canal systems with three canals in the mesial root and three in the distal root. The classification of root canal systems found in this case was Sert and Bayirli type XV in both the roots. After non-surgical endodontic treatment, the tooth was restored definitively with a resin composite core followed by porcelain fused to the metal crown. This case adds to the library of previously reported cases of mandibular first molars with six root canals and further emphasises on the importance of rare morphological deviations that may occur in the mandibular first molars. PMID:25082869

Hasan, Muhammad; Rahman, Munawar; Saad, Najeeb

2014-01-01

214

Retreatment of a Mandibular Second Premolar with Three Roots: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Mandibular premolars have earned a reputation for having aberrant anatomy. The occurrence of three canals with three separate foramina in mandibular premolars is very rare. If predictable treatment of a three rooted mandibular premolar is planned, precise knowledge of clinical and radiographic anatomy is absolutely necessary. These teeth may also require special shaping and obturating techniques. This article reports and discusses the treatment recommendations for an unusual occurrence of three canals with three separate foramina in a second mandibular premolar. PMID:24688588

Saberi, Eshagh Ali; Rasooli, Hossein; Movassagh, Zeinab

2014-01-01

215

Case presentation of florid cemento-osseous dysplasia with concomitant cemento-ossifying fibroma discovered during implant explantation.  

PubMed

A 39-year-old African American woman presented for treatment of a symptomatic mandibular right first molar with a large, periapical radiolucency. After initial attempts at endodontic therapy, this tooth was ultimately extracted owing to unabated symptoms. The extraction site underwent ridge preservation grafting, implant placement, and restoration. After 26 months of implant function, the patient returned with clinical symptoms of pain, buccal swelling, and the sensation of a "loose" implant. This case report details a diagnosis of 2 distinct disease entities associated with the implant site, a cemento-ossifying fibroma and florid cemento-osseous dysplasia of the mandible. This diagnosis was determined from clinical, surgical, radiographic, and histopathologic evidence after biopsy and removal of the previously osseointegrated implant following postinsertion failure by fibrous encapsulation. Before implant therapy, it is essential to conduct a thorough radiographic evaluation of any dental arch with suspected bony lesions to prevent implant failure. PMID:22858018

Gerlach, Robert C; Dixon, Douglas R; Goksel, Tamer; Castle, James T; Henry, Walter A

2013-03-01

216

Mandibular condylectomy in a cow with a chronic luxation of the temporomandibular joint  

PubMed Central

A cow, presented after being struck by a motor vehicle, continued to have difficulty eating after mandibular fracture repair. Imaging showed a temporomandibular luxation and a mandibular condylectomy was performed. Mastication improved greatly but the cow was euthanized due to infection. This is the first report of mandibular condylectomy in cattle. PMID:24891643

Sparks, Holly D.; Roquet, Imma; MacKay, Angela; Barber, Spencer

2014-01-01

217

Hip Implant Systems  

MedlinePLUS

... Devices Products and Medical Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants Section Contents Menu Products and Medical Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants The Hip Joint Hip ...

218

Neonatal mandibular distraction in a patient with treacher collins syndrome.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to analyze a case of mandibular distraction in a case of Treacher Collins syndrome. Mandibular distraction is an adequate surgical treatment of patients with Pierre Robin sequence and represents an alternative to tracheostomy. In severe hypoplastic cases or when three-dimensional vector control or gonial angle control is necessary, extraoral bidirectional or multidirectional devices have an advantage over intraoral devices. The anchorage obtained with transfixing Kirschner wires fixed in the mandibular distal segment and symphysis is crucial in neonates for the stability of the devices. Moreover, with the use of a second pin for each bone segment, the extraoral devices allow to modify the vector orientation and consequently the shape of the newly formed mandible. PMID:25569412

Brevi, Bruno Carlo; Leporati, Massimiliano; Sesenna, Enrico

2015-01-01

219

Mandibular Fracture and Necrotizing Sialometaplasia in a Rabbit  

PubMed Central

A 7-mo-old female New Zealand white rabbit presented with hemorrhage of the gingiva surrounding a loose lower right incisor. Antemortem conventional radiographs revealed only a small bone fragment adjacent to the left mandible's body. In light of a provisional diagnosis of mandibular fracture, the rabbit was euthanized. Postmortem radiographs of the disarticulated mandible demonstrated mandibular symphyseal fracture and comminuted fracture of the ramus and body of the left mandible. According to histopathology, the left submandibular salivary gland had necrotizing sialometaplasia, a nonneoplastic condition of the salivary glands that is caused by ischemic infarction. Although rabbits have been used as animal models of mandibular fracture and necrotizing sialometaplasia, no nonexperimental case of such conditions had been reported previously. PMID:23561940

Villano, Jason S; Cooper, Timothy K

2013-01-01

220

Mandibular lateral incisor-canine transposition associated with dental anomalies.  

PubMed

Tooth transposition is a rare positional anomaly that may create many orthodontic problems. Its etiology is an enigma. The occurrence of mandibular canine/lateral incisor transposition is a relatively rare anomaly. Two rooted canine/rotated incisor transposition has not been reported previously in the clinical dental literature. We describe a case with transposition of a mandibular two rooted canine and a lateral incisor with 180 degrees rotation. Possible causes such as trauma and tooth agenesis were absent in this case. Due to the root anomaly, we consider that our case may have a genetic etiology. Although the mandibular lateral incisor and canine were not in their normal anatomic positions, there were no functional or esthetic problems. PMID:16015651

Kansu, Ozden; Avcu, Nihal

2005-09-01

221

Three Cases of Elongated Mandibular Coronoid Process with Different Presentations  

PubMed Central

Abnormal elongation of the mandibular coronoid process is rare and its etiology is not yet elucidated. The aim of this report is to demonstrate and discuss the relationship between elongated mandibular coronoid process and limitation of mouth opening with cone beam computed tomography. Although the clinical characteristic of elongation of the coronoid process is mandibular limitation, in this report, one case had problem with mouth opening. Axial scans revealed that the distance between the coronoid process and the inner face of the frontal part of the zygomatic bone may cause limitation in mouth opening. In conclusion, instead of the length, the distance between the coronoid process and the inner face of the frontal part of the zygomatic bone may be the actual reason for limitation of mouth opening. This may prevent misdiagnosis. PMID:24693298

Ilguy, Mehmet; Kursoglu, Pinar; Ilguy, Dilhan

2014-01-01

222

[Differential radiodiagnosis of odontogenic mandibular osteomyelitis accompanied by trigeminal neuropathy].  

PubMed

This paper deals with the results of radiation examination in 43 patients with clinical manifestations of mandibular osteomyelitis. In 13 of them, the disease was accompanied by trigeminal neuropathy. The radiation semiotics of the changes occurring in the mandibular bone and its adjacent soft tissues in different phases of osteomyelitis is described. Comparative analysis of orthopantomograms and the images obtained by multislice spiral computed tomography has revealed the advantage of the latter in identifying insignificant changes in bone tissue and damages to the mandibular canal. Ultrasound study is of more informative value in detecting soft tissue changes in this area. High-technology radiodiagnostic techniques play a leading role in the differentiation of odontogenic and non-odontogenic trigeminal neuropathies. PMID:22288124

Solonskaia, N S; Zorina, I S

2011-01-01

223

Orthodontic Treatment of a Mandibular Incisor Extraction Case with Invisalign  

PubMed Central

Mandibular incisor extraction for orthodontic treatment is considered an unusual treatment option because of the limited number of patients that meet the criteria for such treatment. Accurate diagnosis and treatment planning is essential to achieve the desired results. Adult orthodontic patients are increasingly motivated by esthetic considerations and reject the idea of conventional fixed appliances. In recent years, Invisalign appliances have gained tremendous attention for orthodontic treatment of adult patients to meet their esthetic demands. In this case report, a case of Class I malocclusion was treated with mandibular incisor extraction using the Invisalign appliance system. Successful tooth alignment of both arches was achieved. The use of Invisalign appliance is an effective treatment option in adult patients with Class I malocclusion that requires incisor extraction due to moderate to severe mandibular anterior crowding. PMID:25024852

Zawawi, Khalid H.

2014-01-01

224

Location of the mandibular foramen in panoramic radiographs.  

PubMed

The reliability of two panoramic x-ray machines (Philips Orthoralix SD Ceph and Gendex Panelipse II) for determination of the location of the mandibular foramen was studied with the use of human dry mandibles. A significant correlation was found between the location of the mandibular foramen in the radiograph and the narrowest anteroposterior dimension of the ramus. A linear logistic regression equation was developed that could predict the actual location of the mandibular foramen from the radiographs. This finding will improve treatment planning of surgical splitting or fracturing of the ramus in cases that require orthognathic surgery provided the surgeon is aware of which panoramic machine was used. The Philips Orthoralix SD was found to be more reliable for this purpose than the Panelipse II (R2 = 0.94 and R2 = 0.87, respectively, in the vertical dimension and R2 = 0.87 and R2 = 0.75, respectively, in the horizontal dimension. PMID:7838477

Kaffe, I; Ardekian, L; Gelerenter, I; Taicher, S

1994-11-01

225

Orthodontic treatment of a mandibular incisor extraction case with invisalign.  

PubMed

Mandibular incisor extraction for orthodontic treatment is considered an unusual treatment option because of the limited number of patients that meet the criteria for such treatment. Accurate diagnosis and treatment planning is essential to achieve the desired results. Adult orthodontic patients are increasingly motivated by esthetic considerations and reject the idea of conventional fixed appliances. In recent years, Invisalign appliances have gained tremendous attention for orthodontic treatment of adult patients to meet their esthetic demands. In this case report, a case of Class I malocclusion was treated with mandibular incisor extraction using the Invisalign appliance system. Successful tooth alignment of both arches was achieved. The use of Invisalign appliance is an effective treatment option in adult patients with Class I malocclusion that requires incisor extraction due to moderate to severe mandibular anterior crowding. PMID:25024852

Zawawi, Khalid H

2014-01-01

226

Mandibular asymmetry: a three-dimensional quantification of bilateral condyles  

PubMed Central

Introduction The shape and volume of the condyle is considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of the mandibular deviation. Curvature analysis is informative for objectively assess whether the shape of the condyles matches that of the glenoid fossa. In this study, a three-dimensional (3-D) quantification of bilateral asymmetrical condyles was firstly conducted to identify the specific role of 3-D condylar configuration for mandibular asymmetry. Methods 55 adult patients, 26 males (26?±?5 yrs) and 29 females (26?±?5 yrs), diagnosed with mandibular asymmetry were included. The examination of deviation of chin point, deviation of dental midlines, inclination of occlusal plane, and depth of the mandibular occlusal plane were conducted. After the clinical investigation, computed tomography images from the patients were used to reconstruct the 3-D mandibular models. Then the condylar volume, surface size, surface curvature and bone mineral density were evaluated independently for each patient on non-deviated and deviated sides of temporomandibular joint. Results Both the condylar surface size and volume were significantly larger on deviated side (surface size: 1666.14?±?318.3 mm2, volume: 1981.5?±?418.3 mm3). The anterior slope of the condyle was flatter (0.12?±?0.06) and the posterior slope (0.39?±?0.08) was prominently convex on the deviated side. The corresponding bone mineral density values were 523.01 ±118.1 HU and 549.07 ±120. 6 HU on anterior and posterior slopes. Conclusions The incongruence presented on the deviated side resulted in a reduction in contact areas and, thus, an increase in contact stresses and changes of bone density. All aforementioned results suggest that the difference existing between deviated and non-deviated condyles correlates with facial asymmetrical development. In mandibular asymmetry patients, the 3-D morphology of condyle on deviated side differ from the non-deviated side, which indicates the association between asymmetrical jaw function and joint remodeling. PMID:24354862

2013-01-01

227

Mandibular talon cusps: A Systematic review and data analysis  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate mandibular talon cusps distribution from the comprehensive literature search and proposal of new classification Material and Methods: The study was a review of articles published in the English language from January 1960 to December 2013. The PubMed/MEDLINE/Google Scholor databases were searched electronically using ‘talon cusp’, ‘dens evaginatus’, ‘anterior teeth’, mandible, ‘primary dentition’ and ‘ permanent dentition’ as search terms in various combinations. The citation lists from the included references were subsequently examined, and a hand search was also performed in an attempt to identify additional reports. The distribution, characteristics, common tooth type, associated dental anomaly and proposal of new classification have been included in final data analysis. Descriptive statistics were carried out using Chi square test (SPSS, version 17). Results: Overall 37 citations were retrieved from the literature where one was prevalence studies and rest were case reports among those two were duplication. Total 35 articles with 43 patients were reported on mandibular talon cusps. Males were predominantly affected than females (p<0.05). Eight cases (19%) were reported in archeological skulls 81% were clinical reports. Forty cases (93%) were reported in permanent dentition while 7% cases in primary dentition. Lingual mandibular talon are more common than facial type in permanent dentition facial talons (p<0.05). Seven cases (18%) were bilaterally involved. Double tooth (45%) was commonly associated with mandibular talons. Most of the cases reported from Asia and asia derived populations. Conclusions: Central incisor is the most common tooth type that effected by talon cusp in permanent dentition and lateral incisor is in primary dentition. Lingual talons are common in mandible. Double tooth common dental anomaly associated with mandibular talon cusp. Most of the case reported from Asia. Talon cusps should be classified as facial, lingual, and facial and lingual types. Key words:Double tooth, permanent dentition, primary dentition, mandibular arch, Talon cusp.

Panampally, George-Kurian; Chen, Yong; Tian, Tian

2014-01-01

228

Bifid mandibular condyle: Report of two cases of varied etiology  

PubMed Central

Bifid condyle is a rare anatomic variation of mandibular condyle. It can be symptomatic or diagnosed incidentally on routine radiographic examination. No definite etiologic factor has been identified. It is suggested that bifid condyle could be a developmental anomaly or secondary to trauma. We are reporting two cases of bifid mandibular condyle. Both were diagnosed using computed tomography scan, which additionally revealed the associated pathosis in the angle of the mandible in first patient and the ankylosis of temporomandibular joint in the second patient. PMID:22442558

Faisal, Mohammad; Ali, Iqbal; Pal, U.S.; Bannerjee, Kalyan

2010-01-01

229

[Mandibular condyle fractures fixation via intraoral approach with endoscopic assistance].  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mandibular condyle fractures fixation via intraoral approach with endoscopic assistance. Thirty-nine patients with low mandibular condyle fractures with lateral (34 patients) or medial (5 patients) displacement were included in the study. The paper contains detailed description of operation technique considering displacement type. This minimally invasive procedure resulted in stable fixation of the fracture so that maxillomandibular splinting was limited to 9-14 days after operation. The patients were discharged 4 to 7 days postoperatively. The study revealed no cases of facial palsies and all patients were highly satisfied with the absence of visible scars. PMID:25588342

Nerobeev, A I; Chkhaidze, G G; Khandzratsian, A S; Koga?, V V

2014-01-01

230

A technique for impressing the severely resorbed mandibular edentulous ridge.  

PubMed

Patients presenting with severe resorption of the residual alveolar ridges are relatively common today in both private practices and teaching institutions. The severely resorbed mandibular ridge is more challenging to impress than is the maxillary ridge. Accurately capturing the denture-bearing surface in its entirety is crucial to providing the patient with a functionally successful prosthesis. This article presents a technique to overcome the difficulties encountered in impressing the severely resorbed mandibular ridge using elastomeric impression materials and a modified special custom tray. PMID:22372876

Chandrasekharan, Nair K; Kunnekel, Ashish T; Verma, Mahesh; Gupta, Rajiv K

2012-04-01

231

[Oromandibular reconstruction with free peroneal flap and osseointegrated implants].  

PubMed

Free fibula flaps have proved to be one of the most versatile for oromandibular reconstruction due to the available length of bone and the possibility of incorporating a long skin paddle to cover intraoral soft tissues. The use of a osseointegrated dental implants is an important technique for the oral rehabilitation of these patients. Osseointegrated implants provide the most rigid prosthetic stabilization available to withstand masticatory forces. These implants can be placed immediately or in second time procedure. In our case, implantation in the fibula free flap is done after 6-9 months because of the large amount of osteosynthesis material required for the fixation of the flap. Four or six months later, when osseointegration has taken place, the implants are loaded with a dental rehabilitation. We analize 10 cases of mandibular reconstruction with fibula free flap and their aesthetic and functional rehabilitation with osseointegrated implants with a 2 year follow up. Forty-six dental implants were placed developing all of them but one a correct osseointegration. All these patients recovered masticatory function and underwent a considerable improvement in labial competence, salivary continence, speech articulation and facial harmony. PMID:12733321

Navarro Cuéllar, C; Cuesta Gil, M; Plasencia Delgado, J; Guerra Martínez, B; Acero Sanz, J; López de Atalaya, F J; Ochandiano Caicoya, S; Navarro Vila, C

2003-01-01

232

Ion Implant  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website includes an animation which illustrates the ion implant process. Objective: Name the three common dopants used in implantation processes and explain the process of generating an ion beam from source to wafer. You can find this animation under the heading "Process & Equipment III." This simulation is from Module 026 of the Process & Equipment III Cluster of the MATEC Module Library (MML). To view other clusters or for more information about the MML visit http://matec.org/ps/library3/process_I.shtmlKey

2012-10-04

233

Mandibular irregularity index stability following alveolar corticotomy and grafting: A 10-year preliminary study: Mandibular Irregularity Index Stability.  

PubMed

Objective: To evaluate mandibular irregularity index stability following orthodontic treatment facilitated by alveolar corticotomy and augmentation bone grafting (Cort+). Materials and Methods: The irregularity index of 121 orthodontically treated and 15 untreated patient study casts was analyzed at 5 years and 10 years. Results: Cort+ resulted in significantly lower mandibular irregularity index scores at both 5 years (1.5 mm vs 4.2 mm, P < .000) and 10 years (2.1 mm vs 4.1 mm, P <.000) compared with conventionally treated patients. Conclusions: Unmatched samples advise caution with conclusions, but orthodontic therapy combined with Cort+ enhanced the stability of the postorthodontic mandibular irregularity index for at least 10 years in this preliminary study. PMID:25474711

Makki, Laith; Ferguson, Donald J; Wilcko, M Thomas; Wilcko, William M; Bjerklin, Krister; Stapelberg, Roelien; Al-Mulla, Anas

2014-12-01

234

Effect of bite force on orthodontic mini-implants in the molar region: Finite element analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the effect of bite force on the displacement and stress distribution of orthodontic mini-implants (OMIs) in the molar region according to placement site, insertion angle, and loading direction. Methods Five finite element models were created using micro-computed tomography (microCT) images of the maxilla and mandible. OMIs were placed at one maxillary and two mandibular positions: between the maxillary second premolar and first molar, between the mandibular second premolar and first molar, and between the mandibular first and second molars. The OMIs were inserted at angles of 45° and 90° to the buccal surface of the cortical bone. A bite force of 25 kg was applied to the 10 occlusal contact points of the second premolar, first molar, and second molar. The loading directions were 0°, 5°, and 10° to the long axis of the tooth. Results With regard to placement site, the displacement and stress were greatest for the OMI placed between the mandibular first molar and second molar, and smallest for the OMI placed between the maxillary second premolar and first molar. In the mandibular molar region, the angled OMI showed slightly less displacement than the OMI placed at 90°. The maximum Von Mises stress increased with the inclination of the loading direction. Conclusions These results suggest that placement of OMIs between the second premolar and first molar at 45° to the cortical bone reduces the effect of bite force on OMIs. PMID:24228236

Lee, Hyeon-Jung; Lee, Kyung-Sook; Kim, Min-Ji

2013-01-01

235

Trigeminocardiac Reflex by Mandibular Extension on Rat Pial Microcirculation: Role of Nitric Oxide  

PubMed Central

In the present study we have extended our previous findings about the effects of 10 minutes of passive mandibular extension in anesthetized Wistar rats. By prolonging the observation time to 3 hours, we showed that 10 minutes mandibular extension caused a significant reduction of the mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate respect to baseline values, which persisted up to 160 minutes after mandibular extension. These effects were accompanied by a characteristic biphasic response of pial arterioles: during mandibular extension, pial arterioles constricted and after mandibular extension dilated for the whole observation period. Interestingly, the administration of the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone abolished the vasoconstriction observed during mandibular extension, while the administration of N?-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, abolished the vasodilation observed after mandibular extension. Either drug did not affect the reduction of mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate induced by mandibular extension. By qRT-PCR, we also showed that neuronal nitric oxide synthase gene expression was significantly increased compared with baseline conditions during and after mandibular extension and endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene expression markedly increased at 2 hours after mandibular extension. Finally, western blotting detected a significant increase in neuronal and endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein expression. In conclusion mandibular extension caused complex effects on pial microcirculation involving opioid receptor activation and nitric oxide release by both neurons and endothelial vascular cells at different times. PMID:25551566

Lapi, Dominga; Federighi, Giuseppe; Fantozzi, M. Paola; del Seppia, Cristina; Ghione, Sergio; Colantuoni, Antonio; Scuri, Rossana

2014-01-01

236

Correction of deep overbite and gummy smile by using a mini-implant with a segmented wire in a growing Class II Division 2 patient.  

PubMed

A boy, aged 10.5 years, with a Class II molar relationship and a very deep overbite, complaining of a gummy smile and anterior crowding, was treated nonextraction with a mini-implant and Twin-block and edgewise fixed appliances. Severely extruded and retroclined maxillary incisors were intruded and proclined with a nickel-titanium closed-coil spring anchored to a mini-implant and segmented wires; this resolved the gummy smile and deep overbite efficiently without extruding the maxillary molars or opening the mandible. The mandibular incisors were proclined without direct orthodontic force during intrusion of the maxillary incisors; this helped the nonextraction treatment of mandibular incisor crowding. The Twin-block appliance with high-pull headgear promoted mandibular growth, restrained maxillary growth, and changed the canine and molar relationship from Class II to Class I. The patient's overbite and overjet were overtreated, and, 1 year postretention, the patient maintained a good overbite and overjet. PMID:17110268

Kim, Tae-Woo; Kim, Hyewon; Lee, Shin-Jae

2006-11-01

237

The application of the Risdon approach for mandibular condyle fractures  

PubMed Central

Background Many novel approaches to mandibular condyle fracture have been reported, but there is a relative lack of reports on the Risdon approach. In this study, the feasibility of the Risdon approach for condylar neck and subcondylar fractures of the mandible is demonstrated. Methods A review of patients with mandibular condylar neck and subcondylar fractures was performed from March 2008 to June 2012. A total of 25 patients, 19 males and 6 females, had 14 condylar neck fractures and 11 subcondylar fractures. Results All of the cases were reduced using the Risdon approach. For subcondylar fractures, reduction and fixation with plates was done under direct vision. For condylar neck fractures, reduction and fixation was done with the aid of a trochar in adults and a percutaneous threaded Kirschner wire in children. There were no malunions or nonunions revealed in follow-up care. Mild transient neuropraxia of the marginal mandibular nerve was seen in 4 patients, which was resolved within 1–2 months. Conclusions The Risdon approach is a technique for reducing the condylar neck and subcondylar fractures that is easy to perform and easy to learn. Its value in the reduction of mandibular condyle fractures should be emphasized. PMID:23829537

2013-01-01

238

Dietary effects on development of the human mandibular corpus.  

PubMed

The extent to which the mandibular corpus exhibits developmental plasticity has important implications for interpreting variation in adult and juvenile mandibular morphology in the archaeological and paleontological record. Here, we examine ontogenetic changes in mandibular corpus breadth, rigidity, and strength in two population samples with contrasting diets: late prehistoric Tigara from Point Hope, Alaska, characterized by a very demanding masticatory regime, and proto-historic Arikara from the Sully Site in South Dakota, with a less demanding regime. A total of 52 juvenile and 11 adult Tigara, and 32 juvenile and 10 adult Arikara were included in the study. Juveniles ranged in age from 1 to 17 years, with good representation of younger (1-6-year-old) juveniles (20 Arikara, 18 Tigara). Superoinferior and buccolingual external and cortical bone breadths of mandibles were measured at the Pm(4) -M(1) and M(1) -M(2) junctions using calipers and biplanar radiographs, respectively. An asymmetrical hollow beam model was employed to reconstruct cross sections and calculate bending rigidities and strengths in the sagittal and transverse planes. Among adults, Tigara have greater transverse corpus width, bending rigidity, and strength, and ratios of transverse to sagittal dimensions than Arikara. This shape difference develops gradually during growth, with only weak trends among young juveniles, increasing to near-adult contrasts among adolescents. These results support a role for functional mechanical loading of the mandible during growth in producing adult differences in mandibular corpus morphology. PMID:21702003

Holmes, Megan A; Ruff, Christopher B

2011-08-01

239

Primary osteomyelitis of the mandibular condyle--a rare case.  

PubMed

Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory process involving cortical and cancellous bone. In the maxillofacial region, the mandible is the most frequently affected bone. In the vast majority, a bacterial focus can be identified as the origin of the disease. Chronic progress of the disease may lead to destruction of mandibular bony structures, resulting in mild or severe loss of function if no adequate treatment is applied. In some cases, the etiology of osteomyelitis remains unclear. Review of literature revealed two cases of necrosis of the mandibular condyle caused by primary osteomyelitis. We report a case of primary osteomyelitis of the mandibular condyle in a 51-year-old woman. Radiography revealed an almost complete destruction of the right mandibular condyle, resulting in malocclusion. The patient was treated with long-term antibiotics. No surgical intervention had been performed. After remission of the symptoms, the malocclusion had been corrected prosthetically. After a 4-year follow up period, the occlusion is stabile and there are no signs of progression of the disease. PMID:20349324

Zemann, Wolfgang; Feichtinger, Matthias; Pau, Mauro; Kärcher, Hans

2011-06-01

240

Management of Six Root Canals in Mandibular First Molar  

PubMed Central

Success in root canal treatment is achieved after thorough cleaning, shaping, and obturation of the root canal system. This clinical case describes conventional root canal treatment of an unusual mandibular first molar with six root canals. The prognosis for endodontic treatment in teeth with abnormal morphology is unfavorable if the clinician fails to recognize extra root canals.

Gomes, Fabio de Almeida; Sousa, Bruno Carvalho

2015-01-01

241

Ultrastructure of the platypus and echidna mandibular glands.  

PubMed

The secretory units of the platypus and echidna mandibular glands consist of a single serous cell type. Secretory granules within the cells of the platypus mandibular gland stained intensely with the periodic acid-Schiff staining procedure but failed to stain with Alcian Blue, suggesting the granules contained neutral glycoproteins. Secretory granules within the mandibular glands of the echidna failed to stain with the methods used indicating little if any glycoprotein was associated with the secretory granules. Ultrastructurally, secretory granules of the platypus mandibular gland were electron dense with a central core of less electron-dense material and were membrane bound. In contrast, those of the echidna presented a lamellated appearance and also were limited by a membrane. These secretory granules appeared to form as a result of concentric layering of lamellae within cisternae of the Golgi membranes. The intralobular ductal system of the platypus was more extensively developed than that of the echidna. The striated ducts of both species were characterized by elaborate infoldings of the basolateral plasmalemma and an abundance of associated mitochondria. PMID:21671995

Krause, W J

2011-10-01

242

Canal configuration of mandibular first premolars in an Egyptian population  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate canal configuration of mandibular first premolars in an Egyptian population. Two hundred fifty human extracted mandibular first premolars were collected from Egyptian patients and a small hole in the center of the occlusal surface of each tooth was made perforating the roof of the pulp chamber. Teeth were decalcified by immersing in nitric acid and dehydrated in ascending concentrations of ethyl alcohol. A waterproof black ink was passively injected from the occlusal hole into pulp system and stained teeth were immersed in methyl salicylate solution for clearing. Standardized pictures of the cleared teeth were obtained and anatomical features of the root canal were observed. The average length of the mandibular first premolar teeth was 22.48 ± 1.74 mm, one-rooted teeth were 96.8% and the two-rooted were 3.2%. Vertucci Type I canal configuration represented the highest percentage (61.2%) followed by Type V (16.4%), Type IV (13.2%), Type II (5.6%) and Type III (2.8%). Vertucci Type VI canal configuration represented the lowest percentage (0.4%) and a complex configuration was found in one tooth. Accessory canals were detected in 22.8% and inter-canal connections were observed in 24.8% while 54% showed apical delta. Such knowledge is clinically useful for localization and negotiation of canals of mandibular first premolar, as well as their subsequent management in Egyptian population.

Alhadainy, Hatem A.

2012-01-01

243

Refinement in aesthetic contouring of the prominent mandibular angle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oriental women, in general, greatly desire a more delicate and feminine facial shape. This can be obtained by contouring the prominent mandibular aangles that give a strong, masculine image. Western authors regarded masseteric muscular hypertrophy the main cause of a square facial appearance, so they usually corrected it by partially excising the masseter muscle. In the authors' view, a square

Se-Min Baek; Rong-Min Baek; Myoung-Soo Shin

1994-01-01

244

Postretention mandibular incisor stability after premolar serial extractions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mandibular incisor alignmentin serial extraction cases, using the longitudinal dental cast records of the Burlington Growth Center as a control sample. Various parameters were investigated and the statistical differences determined between the treated and untreated groups. The results were also compared with data from serial extraction groups that subsequently had orthodontic

Donald G. Woodside; P. Emile Rossouw; David Shearer

1999-01-01

245

Patterns of Crowding of Permanent Mandibular Incisors Before Eruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observation of the radiographs taken of 37 mandibles from children ten months to seven years of age showed that the unerupted, permanent mandibular central incisors were rotated in 45 of 74 jaw halves (60.8%). The type of rotation in which the mesial aspect is directed lingually was most commonly seen (44.6%). The next most common observation was of jaw halves

Kooji Kindaichi

1976-01-01

246

Impaction of Permanent Mandibular Second Molars in Ethnic Chinese Schoolchildren  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: ?To investigate the prevalence of impaction of permanent mandibular second molars and associated dental and radiographic characteristics of Chinese children in Hong Kong. MaterialsandMethods: ?Dental and radiographic records of a group of Chinese school- children were studied retrospectively. Cases of impaction of 1 or both permanent man- dibular second molars were selected. Demographic data and dental and radiographic findings

Shiu-yin Cho; Yung Ki; Vanessa Chu; Joseph Chan

247

Extraction of a mandibular incisor in a Class I malocclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

A single mandibular central incisor was removed to treat a Class I malocclusion with crowding and a midline discrepancy. This case report was submitted under category number 10 (optional) and it was believed that the results illustrated the Board objectives of (1) facial harmony, soft tissue balance, and proper proportion, (2) maximum health of the teeth, the supporting tissues and

Daniel J. Grob

1995-01-01

248

Implant handpiece with adapted drills in orthognathic surgery: preventing facial scars.  

PubMed

The attachment of bilateral sagittal-split osteotomy of the mandibular ramus with bicortical screws or the combination of miniplates and a bicortical screw is complicated through the intraoral approach because of the angle required for insertion of screws, so it is necessary to use a trocater. This article aimed to report a technique developed and used in 60 patients, wherein an implant handpiece with adapted drills was used in the intraoral attachment. The setting was performed intraorally to prevent scarring and extraoral facial nerve damage, which may be caused by extraoral and transbuccal approaches routinely performed when using the trocater. The versatility of the handpiece implant allows for the insertion of monocortical and bicortical screws and rigid internal fixation of mandibular sagittal-split osteotomy, as well as surgical time reduction, decreasing postoperative morbidity. PMID:23172465

Becker, Otávio Emmel; Avelar, Rafael Linard; Dolzan, André do Nascimento; Göelzer, Juliana Gonçalves; Haas, Orion Luiz; de Oliveira, Rogério Belle

2012-11-01

249

Comparative analysis between direct Conventional Mandibular nerve block and Vazirani-Akinosi closed mouth Mandibular nerve block technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: Over the years different techniques have been developed for achieving mandibular nerve anaesthesia. The main aim of our study was to carry out comparison and clinical efficacy of mandibular nerve anaesthesia by Direct Conventional technique with that of Vazirani-Akinosi mandibular nerve block technique.Materials and Methods: 50 adult patients requiring surgical extraction of premolars, mandibular first, second and third molars were selected randomly to receive Direct Conventional technique and Vazirani- Akinosi technique for nerve block alternatively.Results: No statistically significant differences were observed regarding complete lip anaesthesia at 5 minutes and 10 minutes, nerves anaesthetized with single injection, effectiveness of anaesthesia, supplementary injections and complications in both the techniques. However, onset of lip anaesthesia was found to be faster in Vazirani-Akinosi technique, patients experienced less pain during the Vazirani-Akinosi technique as compared to the Direct Conventional technique. Post injection complication complications were less in the VaziraniAkinosi Technique.Conclusions: Except for faster onset of lip anaesthesia, less pain during injection and fewer post injection complications in Vazirani-Akinosi technique all other parameters were of same efficacy as Direct Conventional technique. This has strong clinical applications as in cases with limited mouth opening, apprehensive patients Vazirani-Akinosi technique is the indicated technique of choice.

Mishra, Sobhan; Tripathy, Ramanupam; Sabhlok, Samrat; Panda, Pankaj Kumar; Patnaik, Satyabrata

2012-11-01

250

Developing a New Dental Implant Design and Comparing its Biomechanical Features with Four Designs  

PubMed Central

Background: As various implant geometries present different biomechanical behaviors, the purpose of this work was to study stress distribution around tapered and cylindrical threaded implant geometries using three-dimensional finite element stress analysis. Methods: Seven implant models were constructed using Computer Assisted Designing system. After digitized models of mandibular section, the crowns were created. They were combined with implant models, which were previously imported into CATIA software. The combined solid model was transferred to ABAQOUS to create a finite element meshed model which was later analyzed regarding the highest maximum and minimum principal stresses of bone. Results: For all models, the highest stresses of cortical bone were located at the crestal cortical bone around the implant. Threaded implants, triangular thread form and taper body form showed a higher peak of tensile and compressive stress than non-threaded implants, square thread form and straight body form, respectively. A taper implant with triangular threads, which is doubled in the cervical portion of the body, had a significantly lower peak of tensile and compressive stress in the cortical bone than straight/taper triangular or square threaded implant forms. Conclusion: For the investigation of bone implant interfacial stress, the non-bonded state should be studied too. Confirmative clinical and biological studies are required in order to benefit from the results of this study. PMID:22013460

Rismanchian, Mansour; Birang, Reza; Shahmoradi, Mahdi; Talebi, Hassan; Zare, Reza Jabar

2010-01-01

251

Dissolution behavior and early bone apposition of calcium phosphate-coated machined implants  

PubMed Central

Purpose Calcium phosphate (CaP)-coated implants promote osseointegration and survival rate. The aim of this study was to (1) analyze the dissolution behavior of the residual CaP particles of removed implants and (2) evaluate bone apposition of CaP-coated machined surface implants at the early healing phase. Methods Mandibular premolars were extracted from five dogs. After eight weeks, the implants were placed according to drilling protocols: a nonmobile implant (NI) group and rotational implant (RI) group. For CaP dissolution behavior analysis, 8 implants were removed after 0, 1, 2, and 4 weeks. The surface morphology and deposition of the coatings were observed. For bone apposition analysis, block sections were obtained after 1-, 2-, and 4-week healing periods and the specimens were analyzed. Results Calcium and phosphorus were detected in the implants that were removed immediately after insertion, and the other implants were composed mainly of titanium. There were no notable differences between the NI and RI groups in terms of the healing process. The bone-to-implant contact and bone density in the RI group showed a remarkable increase after 2 weeks of healing. Conclusions It can be speculated that the CaP coating dissolves early in the healing phase and chemically induces early bone formation regardless of the primary stability. PMID:24455442

Hwang, Ji-Wan; Lee, Eun-Ung; Lee, Jung-Seok; Jung, Ui-Won; Lee, In-Seop

2013-01-01

252

Reasons for mini-implants failure: choosing installation site should be valued!  

PubMed Central

Mini-implant loss is often associated with physical and mechanical aspects that result from choosing an inappropriate placement site. It is worth highlighting that: a) Interdental alveolar bone crests are flexible and deformable. For this reason, they may not offer the ideal absolute anchorage. The more cervical the structures, the more delicate they are, thus offering less physical support for mini-implant placement; b) Alveolar bone crests of triangular shape are more deformable, whereas those of rectangular shape are more flexible; c) The bases of the alveolar processes of the maxilla and the mandible are not flexible, for this reason, they are more likely to receive mini-implants; d) The more cervical a mini-implant is placed, the higher the risk of loss; the more apical a mini-implant is placed, the better its prognosis will be; e) 3D evaluations play a major role in planning the use of mini-implants. Based on the aforementioned considerations, the hypotheses about mini-implant loss are as follows: 1) Deflection of maxillary and mandibular alveolar processes when mini-implants are more cervically placed; 2) Mini-implants placed too near the periodontal ligament, with normal intra-alveolar tooth movement; 3) Low bone density, low thickness and low alveolar bone volume; 4) Low alveolar cortical bone thickness; 5) Excessive pressure inducing trabecular bone microfracture; 6) Sites of higher anatomical weakness in the mandible and the maxilla; 7) Thicker gingival tissue not considered when choosing the mini-implant. PMID:24945511

Consolaro, Alberto; Romano, Fábio Lourenço

2014-01-01

253

Experimental xenoimplantation of antlerogenic cells into mandibular bone lesions in rabbits: two-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Different types of cells require activation, and take part in annual, dynamic growth of deer antlers. Stem cells play the most important role in this process. This report shows the results of a two-year long observation of xenogenic implant of antlerogenic stem cells (cell line MIC-1). The cells were derived from growing antler of a deer (Cervus elaphus), seeded onto Spongostan and placed in postoperative lesions of mandibular bones of 15 experimental rabbits. The healing process observed in the implantation sites in all rabbits was normal, and no local inflammatory response was ever observed. Histological and immunohistochemical evaluations were performed after 1, 2, 6, 12 and 24 months, and confirmed the participation of xenogenic cells in the regeneration processes, as well as a lack of rejection of the implants. The deficiencies in the bones were replaced by newly formed, thick fibrous bone tissue that underwent mineralization and was later remodelled into lamellar bone. The results of the experiment with rabbits allow us to believe that antlerogenic cells could be used in reconstruction of bone tissues in other species as well. PMID:20363989

Cegielski, Marek; Dziewiszek, Wojciech; Zabel, Maciej; Dziegiel, Piotr; Kuryszko, Jan; Izykowska, Ilona; Zato?ski, Maciej; Bochnia, Marek

2010-01-01

254

Osseointegrated dental implants in growing children: a literature review.  

PubMed

Edentulism is usually associated with the aging patient. However, total or partial tooth loss also affects young individuals, mainly as a result of trauma, decay, anodontia, or congenital and acquired jaw defects involving the alveolar processes. For elderly patients, the use of oral implants has become an accepted treatment modality for edentulism, and most of today's knowledge regarding implants is based on such practice. There has been hesitation to perform implant therapy for growing children; hence, few children to date have been provided with implant-supported construction. Consequently, little is known about the outcome of the osseointegration procedure in young patients, and until now, only a limited number of case presentations have been reported. This article reviews the current literature to discuss the use of dental implants in growing patients and the influence of maxillary and mandibular skeletal and dental growth on the stability of those implants. The literature review was performed through Science Direct, Wileys Blackwell Synergy, PubMed, Google, Embase, Medknow publications, and Springer for references published from 1963 to 2011. It is recommended to wait for the completion of dental and skeletal growth, except for severe cases of ectodermal dysplasia. PMID:22214484

Mankani, Nivedita; Chowdhary, Ramesh; Patil, Brijesh A; Nagaraj, E; Madalli, Poornima

2014-10-01

255

Effect of defective collagen synthesis on epithelial implant interface: lathyritic model in dogs. An experimental preliminary study.  

PubMed

Peri-implant mucosa is composed of 2 compartments: a marginal junctional epithelium and a zone of connective tissue attachment. Both structures consist mainly of collagen. Lathyrism is characterized by defective collagen synthesis due to inhibition of lysyl oxidase, an enzyme that is essential for interfibrillar collagen cross-linking. The lathyritic agent beta-aminoproprionitrile (?-APN) is considered a suitable agent to disrupt the connective tissue metabolism. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the effect of defective connective tissue metabolism on epithelial implant interface by using ?-APN created chronic lathyrism in the canine model. Two 1-year-old male dogs were included in this study. A ?-APN dosage of 5 mg/0.4 mL/volume 100 g/body weight was given to the test dog for 10 months, until lathyritic symptoms developed. After this, the mandibular premolar teeth (p2, p3, p4) of both dogs were atraumatically extracted, and the investigators waited 3 months before implants were placed. In the test dog, 3 implants were placed in the left mandible, and 2 implants were placed in the right mandible. In the control dog, 2 implants were placed in the left mandibular premolar site. The dogs were sacrificed 10 months after healing. Peri-implant tissues obtained from the dogs were examined histomorphologically and histopathologically. Bone to implant contact (BIC) values and bone volumes (BV) were lower in the lathyritic group compared to the control group; however, no statistical significance was found. Significant histologic and histomorphometric changes were observed in peri-implant bone, connective tissue, and peri-implant mucosal width between test and control implants. Defective collagen metabolism such as lathyrism may negatively influence the interface between implant and surrounding soft tissue attachment. PMID:20662666

Cengiz, Murat Inanç; Kirtilo?lu, Tu?rul; Acikgoz, Gökhan; Trisi, Paolo; Wang, Hom-Lay

2012-04-01

256

Decaborane implantation with the medium current implanter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A decaborane implantation system has been developed. The maximum beam current achieved at a wafer is 30 ?A at 5 keV with the divergence less than 0.4°, which corresponds to the equivalent 500 eV-300 ?A boron monomer implantation without an energy contamination. As-implanted secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) profile of the decaborane implanted at the equivalent energy 500 eV shows the steeper and shallower profile than that of the boron implanted. The result of Rs- Xj proves the higher activation with shallower junction depth. These advantages possibly arise from the self-amorphization layer by the decaborane implantation.

Hamamoto, Nariaki; Umisedo, Sei; Nagayama, Tsutomu; Tanjyo, Masayasu; Sakai, Shigeki; Nagai, Nobuo; Aoyama, Takayuki; Nara, Yasuo

2005-08-01

257

Growth changes of the mandibular body with eruption of mandibular third molars: analysis of anatomical morphometry and quantitative bone mineral content by using radiography.  

PubMed

This study aimed to analyze growth changes in mandibular body morphology and quantitative bone mineral content (QBMC) with eruption of mandibular third molars (M3s) and the relationship between those variables and posterior mandibular body length. Linear and angular measurements were conducted using standard lateral radiographs of 37 dried mandibles in Hellman's dental developmental stages IVA (14 specimens) to VA (23 specimens). Cortical and trabecular basal bone mineral contents (CBMC and TBMC) in the mandible were expressed in millimeter titanium equivalent values using a titanium step wedge. The largest significant change in the mandibular body morphology was an increase in the horizontal dimension (M2DP'-Go': 7.59mm), followed by vertical dimension - total height of the mandibular body (THOMB: 4.96mm) and mandibular cortical width (MCW: 1.22mm). The gonial angle (GA) decreased significantly by 6.72° between stages IVA and VA. The mandibular cortical index (MCI) was classified only as C1 or C2 in each stage. Among 4 types of line profile, types 1 and 2 were most commonly observed in both stages. Mean values for CBMC and TBMC increased significantly between stages IVA and VA. Posterior mandibular body length (MeF'-Go') correlated positively with M2DP'-Go', THOM, MCW, and CBMC (r=0.816, 0.698, 0.595, and 0.507), respectively and negatively with GA (r=-0.582). These results demonstrated that the morphological changes in the posterior mandibular body and the QBMC increased significantly with M3 eruption, while the GA became significantly smaller. The posterior mandibular body length had a linear correlation with these variables. PMID:23031389

Ogawa, Takahiro; Osato, Shigeo

2013-03-01

258

Delivery of growth factors using a smart porous nanocomposite scaffold to repair a mandibular bone defect.  

PubMed

Implantation of a porous scaffold with a large volume into the body in a convenient and safe manner is still a challenging task in the repair of bone defects. In this study, we present a porous smart nanocomposite scaffold with a combination of shape memory function and controlled delivery of growth factors. The shape memory function enables the scaffold with a large volume to be deformed into its temporal architecture with a small volume using hot-compression and can subsequently recover its original shape upon exposure to body temperature after it is implanted in the body. The scaffold consists of chemically cross-linked poly(?-caprolactone) (c-PCL) and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles. The highly interconnected pores of the scaffold were obtained using the sugar leaching method. The shape memory porous scaffold loaded with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) was also fabricated by coating the calcium alginate layer and BMP-2 on the surface of the pore wall. Under both in vitro and in vivo environmental conditions, the porous scaffold displays good shape memory recovery from the compressed shape with deformed pores of 33 ?m in diameter to recover its porous shape with original pores of 160 ?m in diameter. In vitro cytotoxicity based on the MTT test revealed that the scaffold exhibited good cytocompatibility. The in vivo micro-CT and histomorphometry results demonstrated that the porous scaffold could promote new bone generation in the rabbit mandibular bone defect. Thus, our results indicated that this shape memory porous scaffold demonstrated great potential for application in bone regenerative medicine. PMID:24467335

Liu, Xian; Zhao, Kun; Gong, Tao; Song, Jian; Bao, Chongyun; Luo, En; Weng, Jie; Zhou, Shaobing

2014-03-10

259

Reinforced composite restoration following trauma to a mandibular tooth: technique and follow-up treatment.  

PubMed

The loss of an entire tooth in the anterior region is accompanied by impairment of esthetics, function, phonetics, and self-esteem. It is common knowledge that treatment with implants during childhood or early adolescence is not an option. Splinting of adjacent teeth during growth and development may interfere with the independent process of teeth realignment and repositioning during that phase of life. Other creative solutions must be offered, such as free-standing composite buildup restorations on compromised broken teeth or single wing/cantilevered restorations adhered to one neighboring tooth during the growth period. The positive effects of reinforced composite materials were researched and presented in the literature. Their use is clearly indicated for interim and economical restorations. Long-term follow-up on a mandibular incisor that experienced trauma, losing its clinical crown and vitality when the patient was 12 years of age, is discussed with all the various aspects of material selection, future considerations, and long-term follow-up to adulthood, when a conventional crown was prepared and delivered. PMID:23041989

Smidt, Ami; Sharon, Eldad; Adler, Mordekhai Lipovetsky

2012-10-01

260

Quantitative estimation of vertical heights of maxillary and mandibular jawbones in elderly dentate and edentulous subjects.  

PubMed

The residual alveolar ridge resorption is inevitable with aging. The purpose of the study was to determine and compare differences in the vertical measurements of jaw bones in elderly dentate and edentulous subjects. The study sample included 51 elderly dentate subjects and 59 edentulous subjects. The panoramic radiographs were used to quantify the reduction in the alveolar ridges at 5 sites in each jaw. There were significant differences between elderly dentate and edentulous subjects in maxilla and mandible. The percentage reduction in the vertical height of edentulous subjects as compared to dentate subjects ranges from 29% to 39%. The reduction in the heights was greater in mandible than in maxilla in both the study groups. The vertical measurements were significantly greater in men than in women in maxilla and the mandible. Vertical heights of maxillary and mandibular jaw bones are important factors in planning complete denture and the implant supported prosthesis. Further studies would be necessary to determine the region specific resorption of jaw bones and its association with the duration of denture wear in edentulous subjects. PMID:23451926

Panchbhai, Arati S

2013-01-01

261

Computer-aided system for morphometric mandibular index computation (Using dental panoramic radiographs)  

PubMed Central

Objective: We propose and validate a computer—aided system to measure three different mandibular indexes: cortical width, panoramic mandibular index and, mandibular alveolar bone resorption index. Study Design: Repeatability and reproducibility of the measurements are analyzed and compared to the manual estimation of the same indexes. Results: The proposed computerized system exhibits superior repeatability and reproducibility rates compared to standard manual methods. Moreover, the time required to perform the measurements using the proposed method is negligible compared to perform the measurements manually. Conclusions: We have proposed a very user friendly computerized method to measure three different morphometric mandibular indexes. From the results we can conclude that the system provides a practical manner to perform these measurements. It does not require an expert examiner and does not take more than 16 seconds per analysis. Thus, it may be suitable to diagnose osteoporosis using dental panoramic radiographs. Key words:Osteoporosis, panoramic mandibular index, cortical width, mandibular alveolar bone resorption index. PMID:22322489

Álvarez-López, Jose M.; Jané-Salas, Enrique; Estrugo-Devesa, Albert; Ayuso-Montero, Raul; Velasco-Ortega, Eugenio; Segura-Egea, Juan J.

2012-01-01

262

A Biomechanical Comparison of Three 1.5-mm Plate and Screw Configurations and a Single 2.0-mm Plate for Internal Fixation of a Mandibular Condylar Fracture.  

PubMed

The most stable pattern of internal fixation for mandibular condyle fractures is an area of ongoing discussion. This study investigates the stability of three patterns of plate fixation using readily available, commercially pure titanium implants. Finite element models of a simulated mandibular condyle fracture were constructed. The completed models were heterogeneous in bone material properties, contained approximately 1.2 million elements and incorporated simulated jaw adducting musculature. Models were run assuming linear elasticity and isotropic material properties for bone. No human subjects were involved in this investigation. The stability of the simulated condylar fracture reduced with the different implant configurations, and the von Mises stresses of a 1.5-mm X-shaped plate, a 1.5-mm rectangular plate, and a 1.5-mm square plate (all Synthes (Synthes GmbH, Zuchwil, Switzerland) were compared. The 1.5-mm X plate was the most stable of the three 1.5-mm profile plate configurations examined and had comparable mechanical performance to a single 2.0-mm straight four-hole plate. This study does not support the use of rectangular or square plate patterns in the open reduction and internal fixation of mandibular condyle fractures. It does provide some support for the use of a 1.5-mm X plate to reduce condylar fractures in selected clinical cases. PMID:25136411

Aquilina, Peter; Parr, William C H; Chamoli, Uphar; Wroe, Stephen; Clausen, Philip

2014-09-01

263

Transalveolar repositioning of an impacted immature permanent mandibular canine.  

PubMed

The purpose of this case report is to discuss the four-year follow-up of a transalveolar transplantation of an impacted immature permanent mandibular left canine. A nine year-old-boy was referred to the dental school because of a mandibular swelling associated with the impacted canine. Under local anesthesia, the tooth was extracted and transplanted in its own space, followed by a two-week orthodontic fixation. The radiographic examination two months later revealed the presence of external inflammatory root resorption, which was treated with an apexification. The overall status of the transplanted tooth and the surrounding hard and soft tissues four years post-treatment indicates a successful outcome. PMID:25514261

Ozdemir-Ozenen, Didem; Guler, Nurhan; Sungurtekin-Ekci, Elif; Sandalli, Nuket

2015-01-01

264

A rare case of dens invaginatus in a mandibular canine.  

PubMed

Dens invaginatus (dens in dente) is a common dental anomaly with a reported prevalence of between 0.04% and 10%. It typically affects permanent maxillary lateral incisors, central incisors and premolars. These developmental lesions are less common in mandibular teeth and are extremely rare in canines and molars. This report describes a rare case of dens invaginatus (Oehlers type II) in a permanent mandibular canine. The tooth was mature with a closed apex and showed apical pathosis. The tooth was treated endodontically using a non-surgical technique with hand endodontic files, and then followed up after a period of 8 months. A follow-up radiograph showed some healing of the lesion. PMID:20666755

George, Roy; Moule, Alexander J; Walsh, Laurence J

2010-08-01

265

The impact of a modified cutting flute implant design on osseointegration.  

PubMed

Information concerning the effects of the implant cutting flute design on initial stability and its influence on osseointegration in vivo is limited. This study evaluated the early effects of implants with a specific cutting flute design placed in the sheep mandible. Forty-eight dental implants with two different macro-geometries (24 with a specific cutting flute design - Blossom group; 24 with a self-tapping design - DT group) were inserted into the mandibular bodies of six sheep; the maximum insertion torque was recorded. Samples were retrieved and processed for histomorphometric analysis after 3 and 6 weeks. The mean insertion torque was lower for Blossom implants (P<0.001). No differences in histomorphometric results were observed between the groups. At 3 weeks, P=0.58 for bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and P=0.52 for bone area fraction occupied (BAFO); at 6 weeks, P=0.55 for BIC and P=0.45 for BAFO. While no histomorphometric differences were observed, ground sections showed different healing patterns between the implants, with better peri-implant bone organization around those with the specific cutting flute design (Blossom group). Implants with the modified cutting flute design had a significantly reduced insertion torque compared to the DT implants with a traditional cutting thread, and resulted in a different healing pattern. PMID:24583140

Jimbo, R; Tovar, N; Marin, C; Teixeira, H S; Anchieta, R B; Silveira, L M; Janal, M N; Shibli, J A; Coelho, P G

2014-07-01

266

Management of mandibular first molar with four canals in mesial root  

PubMed Central

Successful root canal treatment depends on adequate cleaning, shaping, and filling of the root canal system. The presence of middle mesial (MM) root canal of mandibular molars has been reported by various authors. But incidence of four canals in mesial root of mandibular molar is very rare. The aim of this case report is to present and describe the identification and management of a mandibular first molar with four canals in the mesial root and single canal in the distal root. PMID:24082581

Subbiya, Arunajatesan; Kumar, Krishnamurthy Sathish; Vivekanandhan, Paramasivam; Prakash, Venkatachalam

2013-01-01

267

A Correlational Study of Scoliosis and Trunk Balance in Adult Patients with Mandibular Deviation  

PubMed Central

Previous studies have confirmed that patients with mandibular deviation often have abnormal morphology of their cervical vertebrae. However, the relationship between mandibular deviation, scoliosis, and trunk balance has not been studied. Currently, mandibular deviation is usually treated as a single pathology, which leads to poor clinical efficiency. We investigated the relationship of spine coronal morphology and trunk balance in adult patients with mandibular deviation, and compared the finding to those in healthy volunteers. 35 adult patients with skeletal mandibular deviation and 10 healthy volunteers underwent anterior X-ray films of the head and posteroanterior X-ray films of the spine. Landmarks and lines were drawn and measured on these films. The axis distance method was used to measure the degree of scoliosis and the balance angle method was used to measure trunk balance. The relationship of mandibular deviation, spine coronal morphology and trunk balance was evaluated with the Pearson correlation method. The spine coronal morphology of patients with mandibular deviation demonstrated an “S” type curve, while a straight line parallel with the gravity line was found in the control group (significant difference, p<0.01). The trunk balance of patients with mandibular deviation was disturbed (imbalance angle >1°), while the control group had a normal trunk balance (imbalance angle <1°). There was a significant difference between the two groups (p<0.01). The degree of scoliosis and shoulder imbalance correlated with the degree of mandibular deviation, and presented a linear trend. The direction of mandibular deviation was the same as that of the lateral bending of thoracolumbar vertebrae, which was opposite to the direction of lateral bending of cervical vertebrae. Our study shows the degree of mandibular deviation has a high correlation with the degree of scoliosis and trunk imbalance, all the three deformities should be clinically evaluated in the management of mandibular deviation. PMID:23555836

Yang, Yang; Wang, Na; Wang, Wenyong; Ding, Yin; Sun, Shiyao

2013-01-01

268

Facial Reanimation by Masseteric Muscle- Mandibular Periosteum Transfer  

PubMed Central

Permanent facial paralysis is a catastrophic event for involved patients. In long lasting paralysis with severe facial muscles atrophy, masseter muscle transfer is a very good choice. But its greatest problem is postoperative elongation of flap and gradual diminishing of early results and loss of symmetry. This article advocate a new modification for resolving this problem with concomitant elevation of mandibular periosteum with masseter muscle, as a unit for lip and midface elevation. PMID:25489504

Abbasi, Ruholah

2013-01-01

269

Decaborane implantation with the medium current implanter  

Microsoft Academic Search

A decaborane implantation system has been developed. The maximum beam current achieved at a wafer is 30?A at 5keV with the divergence less than 0.4°, which corresponds to the equivalent 500eV–300?A boron monomer implantation without an energy contamination. As-implanted secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) profile of the decaborane implanted at the equivalent energy 500eV shows the steeper and shallower profile

Nariaki Hamamoto; Sei Umisedo; Tsutomu Nagayama; Masayasu Tanjyo; Shigeki Sakai; Nobuo Nagai; Takayuki Aoyama; Yasuo Nara

2005-01-01

270

Treatment methods for fractures of the mandibular angle.  

PubMed

Fractures of the mandibular angle are plagued with the highest rate of complication of all mandibular fractures. Over the past 10 years, various forms of treatment for these fractures were performed on an indigent inner city population. Treatment included: 1) closed reduction or intraoral open reduction and non-rigid fixation; 2) extraoral open reduction and internal fixation with an AO/ASIF reconstruction bone plate; 3) intraoral open reduction and internal fixation using a solitary lag screw; 4) intraoral open reduction and internal fixation using two 2.0 mm mini-dynamic compression plates; 5) intraoral open reduction and internal fixation using two 2.4 mm mandibular dynamic compression plates; 6) intraoral open reduction and internal fixation using two non-compression miniplates; 7) intraoral open reduction and internal fixation using a single non-compression miniplate; and 8) intraoral open reduction and internal fixation using a single malleable non-compression miniplate. This paper reviews the results of those modes of treatment when used for the same patient population at one hospital. Results of treatment show that, in this patient population, the use of either an extraoral open reduction and internal fixation with the AO/ASIF reconstruction plate or intraoral open reduction and internal fixation, using a single miniplate, are associated with the fewest complications. PMID:10416889

Ellis, E

1999-08-01

271

Mandibular Tori: A source of autogenous bone graft  

PubMed Central

Restoration of lost alveolar bone support remains as one of the main objectives of periodontal surgery. Amongst the various types of bone grafts available for grafting procedures, autogenous bone grafts are considered to be the gold standard in alveolar defect reconstruction. Although there are various sources for autogenous grafts including the mandibular symphysis and ramus, they are almost invariably not contiguous with the area to be augmented. An alternative mandibular donor site that is continuous with the recipient area and would eliminate the need for an extra surgical site is the tori/exostoses. Bone grafting was planned for this patient as there were angular bone loss present between 35-36 and 36-37. As the volume of bone required was less and bilateral tori were present on the lingual side above the mylohyoid line, the tori was removed and used as a source of autogenous bone graft, which were unnecessary bony extensions present on the mandible and continuous with the recipient area. Post-operative radiographs taken at 6 and 12 month intervals showed good bone fill and also areas of previous pockets, which did not probe after treatment indicates the success of the treatment. The use of mandibular tori as a source of autogenous bone graft should be considered whenever a patient requires bone grafting procedure to be done and presents with a tori.

Santhanakrishnan, Muthukumar; Rangarao, Suresh

2014-01-01

272

Mandibular Tori: A source of autogenous bone graft.  

PubMed

Restoration of lost alveolar bone support remains as one of the main objectives of periodontal surgery. Amongst the various types of bone grafts available for grafting procedures, autogenous bone grafts are considered to be the gold standard in alveolar defect reconstruction. Although there are various sources for autogenous grafts including the mandibular symphysis and ramus, they are almost invariably not contiguous with the area to be augmented. An alternative mandibular donor site that is continuous with the recipient area and would eliminate the need for an extra surgical site is the tori/exostoses. Bone grafting was planned for this patient as there were angular bone loss present between 35-36 and 36-37. As the volume of bone required was less and bilateral tori were present on the lingual side above the mylohyoid line, the tori was removed and used as a source of autogenous bone graft, which were unnecessary bony extensions present on the mandible and continuous with the recipient area. Post-operative radiographs taken at 6 and 12 month intervals showed good bone fill and also areas of previous pockets, which did not probe after treatment indicates the success of the treatment. The use of mandibular tori as a source of autogenous bone graft should be considered whenever a patient requires bone grafting procedure to be done and presents with a tori. PMID:25624635

Santhanakrishnan, Muthukumar; Rangarao, Suresh

2014-01-01

273

Accuracy of perioperative mandibular positions in orthognathic surgery.  

PubMed

Mandibular position is an important parameter used for the diagnosis of dentofacial deformities, as well as for orthognathic surgery planning and execution. Centric relation (anterior and superior relationship of the mandibular condyles interposed by the thinnest portion of their disks against the articular eminencies), centric occlusion (when lower teeth contact upper teeth at centric relation), and maximal intercuspation (complete interdigitation of lower and upper teeth) are not often addressed as factors that influence the results of orthognathic surgery, although these relationships are critical to ensure accuracy during the surgery. The present study assessed occlusal measurements taken before and after the induction of general anaesthesia from consecutive orthognathic surgery subjects. The variables assessed included the differences between these occlusal measurements, patient age, gender, type of deformity, and type of proposed orthognathic surgical procedure. The results demonstrated statistically significant differences for mandibular retrusion from maximal intercuspation to centric occlusion position, whereas the mandible appeared not to change significantly from centric occlusion after the induction of general anaesthesia. Patient age and the type of deformity appeared to influence the results. While in most instances centric occlusion can be adequately reproduced under general anaesthesia, for some specific orthognathic cases more accurate results might be obtained if the mandible-first sequence is used. PMID:24880211

Borba, A M; Ribeiro-Junior, O; Brozoski, M A; Cé, P S; Espinosa, M M; Deboni, M C Z; Miloro, M; Naclério-Homem, M G

2014-08-01

274

Orthopedic Correction of Growing Hyperdivergent, Retrognathic, Patients with Miniscrew Implants  

PubMed Central

Traditional orthodontic treatments do not adequately address the skeletal problems of retrognathic, hyperdivergent, Class II adolescents; the few approaches that do require long-term patient compliance. This paper introduces a novel approach using miniscrew implants (MSIa) and growth to treat retrognathic hyperdivergent adolescents. Nine consecutive patients were evaluated at the start of treatment (13.2 ±1.1 years of age) and again at the end of the orthopedic phase (after 1.9 ±0.3 years). Each patient had two MSIs placed in either side of the palate. Coil springs (150 g) extended from the MSIs to a RPE, which served as a rigid segment for intruding the maxillary premolar and molars. Two additional MSIs were placed between the first mandibular molars and second premolars; coil spring (150 g) extended from the MSIs to hold or intrude the mandibular molars. Prior to treatment, the patients exhibited substantial and significant mandibular retrusion (Z-score=?1.0), facial convexity (Z-score=0.7), and hyperdivergence (Z-score=1.6). Treatment produced consistent and substantial orthopedic effects. The chin was advanced an average of 2.4 mm, the SNB angle increased by 2.1°, the mandibular plane angle decreased 3.9°, and facial convexity decreased by approximately 3.2°. Questionnaires showed that this treatment approach was not painful or uncomfortable; the majority of the patients indicated that they were very likely to recommend the treatment to others. Treatment was accomplished by titrating the amount of orthodontic intrusion performed based on the individuals’ growth potential. PMID:21236539

Buschang, Peter H.; Carrillo, Roberto; Rossouw, P. Emile

2010-01-01

275

Evaluation of mandibular cortical bone thickness for placement of temporary anchorage devices (TADs)  

PubMed Central

Objective In this study, we measured the cortical bone thickness in the mandibular buccal and lingual areas using computed tomography in order to evaluate the suitability of these areas for application of temporary anchorage devices (TADs) and to suggest a clinical guide for TADs. Methods The buccal and lingual cortical bone thickness was measured in 15 men and 15 women. Bone thickness was measured 4 mm apical to the interdental cementoenamel junction between the mandibular canine and the 2nd molar using the transaxial slices in computed tomography images. Results The cortical bone in the mandibular buccal and lingual areas was thicker in men than in women. In men, the mandibular lingual cortical bone was thicker than the buccal cortical bone, except between the 1st and 2nd molars on both sides. In women, the mandibular lingual cortical bone was thicker in all regions when compared to the buccal cortical bone. The mandibular buccal cortical bone thickness increased from the canine to the molars. The mandibular lingual cortical bone was thickest between the 1st and 2nd premolars, followed by the areas between the canine and 1st premolar, between the 2nd premolar and 1st molar, and between the 1st molar and 2nd molar. Conclusions There is sufficient cortical bone for TAD applications in the mandibular buccal and lingual areas. This provides the basis and guidelines for the clinical use of TADs in the mandibular buccal and lingual areas. PMID:23112941

Kim, Jung-Hoon

2012-01-01

276

Cranial and mandibular morphometry in Leontopithecus Lesson, 1840 (Callitrichidae, primates).  

PubMed

In this paper, we report on a craniometric analysis comparing the species of lion tamarins, Leontopithecus Lesson, 1840. Seventeen cranial and mandibular measures were taken on skulls of 59 adult crania: 20 L. rosalia (14 females and 6 males); 13 L. chrysomelas (6 females and 7 males); 23 L. chrysopygus (8 females and 15 males), and 3 L. caissara (1 female and 2 males). All specimens were from the Rio de Janeiro Primate Center (CPRJ-FEEMA, Brazil), except the specimens of L. caissara. Statistical treatment involved a one-way analysis of variance (the Bonferroni test) and discriminant analysis, comparing cranium and mandibles separately to determine variables which best distinguished groups and to group the specimens, using size corrected methods. The Mahalanobis distance was computed from the centroids of each group. Seven measures distinguished females of L. chrysopygus with L. rosalia, six to L. rosalia with L. chrysomelas, and L. chrysopygus with L. chrysomelas. In males, the numbers of measures statistically different were 5, 4, and 3 of the pairwise comparisons above mentioned. Cranial base length and orbital breadth were the only measures that were significantly different in all three dyads, considering both sexes. For the cranium, function 1 of the Discriminant Analysis accounted for 52.4% of the variance and function 2 accounted for 40.3%. Both functions exhibited a significant value for Wilks' lambda (P<0.0001) and 96.6% of specimens were correctly classified. For the mandible, the first two functions provided a significant discrimination 51.1% and 44.9%, respectively, and 69.5% of the correct classification. Orbital breadth and cranial base length contributed most in the cranial analysis, while mandibular length and mandibular body height to mandibular ones. The analyses performed in this study (univariate and multivariate) demonstrated that cranial and mandibular morphology is significantly different among species of Leontopithecus. Despite of sample size, L. caissara shows morphological distances to L. chrysopygus in cranial analysis. However, other investigations are necessary to confirm this. PMID:10380994

Burity, C H; Mandarim-De-Lacerda, C A; Pissinatti, A

1999-01-01

277

[Comparative evaluation of retention loss in four types of attachments used on overdentures in function of time of use].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the retentive capacity between two O-ring and O-SO system (Group I), and two ERA system types - white and gray retention caps - (Group II), respectively, in simulated function in database, 6 months, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years later, with insertion and removal cycles. Two Brånemark implants were fixed in two trapezoidal metallic bases for the tests. Removal and insertion tests were done in a sewing machine, adjusted for this purpose using a belt and a pulley system, moving a steel crankshaft. A delineator platinum hold was used for body trial fixation to the metallic base of the sewing machine. Resistance test to axial movement of the caps by tension was done in a Universal test machine in an established period of time, before and after the cycle accomplishments in the adapted sewing machine. Based on the results, this study concludes that all the attachment systems tested showed retention loss during the experiment; the ERA system showed, since the beginning, higher retention compared to the other systems and the gray colored attachment showed the best result in the end of the simulated use test. PMID:21409339

Bonachela, Wellington Cardoso; Pedreira, Ana Paula Ribeiro do Vale; Marins, Luciana; Pereira, Tatiana

2003-03-01

278

Retrograde peri-implantitis  

PubMed Central

Retrograde peri-implantitis constitutes an important cause for implant failure. Retrograde peri-implantitis may sometimes prove difficult to identify and hence institution of early treatment may not be possible. This paper presents a report of four cases of (the implant placed developing to) retrograde peri-implantitis. Three of these implants were successfully restored to their fully functional state while one was lost due to extensive damage. The paper highlights the importance of recognizing the etiopathogenic mechanisms, preoperative assessment, and a strong postoperative maintenance protocol to avoid retrograde peri-implant inflammation. PMID:20922082

Mohamed, Jumshad B.; Shivakumar, B.; Sudarsan, Sabitha; Arun, K. V.; Kumar, T. S. S.

2010-01-01

279

Ganciclovir implants (Vitrasert).  

PubMed

Ganciclovir implants, used for treating CMV retinitis, are effective in stemming the progression of CMV in patients already diagnosed with the disease. The implants need to be replaced after 32 weeks to lessen the likelihood of relapse. Studies show ganciclovir implants improve eyesight in the majority of patients using them. One large trial, comparing implants with other ganciclovir delivery methods, shows implants to be superior in halting CMV progression. A drawback of the implants is that because they release the drug into the eye only, CMV can spread to other parts of the body. A pill form of the drug is available to use in combination with the implant. PMID:11363393

1996-04-01

280

Comparison of the intraosseous biocompatibility of Vitremer and Super EBA by implantation into the mandible of rabbits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study compared the intraosseous biocompatibility of Vitremer, a new hydrophilic glass-ionomer cement, to that of Super EBA.Study design. Twenty-two New Zealand rabbits were anesthetized, the mandibular bone exposed, and two holes were drilled through the cortical plate. The materials were loaded into silicone carriers and inserted into the mandibles. Eleven rabbits were killed 4 weeks after implantation, 11

Hervé Tassery; Mireille Remusat; Gilles Koubi; Wilhelm-Joseph Pertot

1997-01-01

281

Unerupted lower third molars and their influence on fractures of the mandibular angle and condyle.  

PubMed

Our aim was to assess the influence of the presence and state of impaction of mandibular third molars on the incidence of fractures of the mandibular angle and condyle. We designed a retrospective study of patients who presented for the treatment of mandibular fractures from January 2006 to April 2011. The independent variables were the presence and degree of impaction of lower third molars, and the outcome variables were the incidence of fractures of the mandibular angle and condyle. The information was acquired from hospital records and panoramic radiographs. Personal data included age, sex, mechanism of injuries, and number of fractures of the mandibular angle and condyle. We studied 110 fractures of the mandibular condyle and 80 of the angle. The incidence of fractures of the mandibular angle was higher in the group with incompletely erupted third molars (37/80, p<0.001) and that of condylar fractures was higher in the group without (67/110, p<0.001). An incompletely erupted third molar reduces the risk of condylar fractures and increases the risk of fractures of the mandibular angle. PMID:21764189

Patil, Pavan M

2012-07-01

282

Orthognathic surgery versus orthodontic camouflage in the treatment of mandibular deficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surgical correction of Class II malocclusions, when associated with mandibular deficiency, often has improved results with combined orthodontic and surgical correction compared with orthodontic treatment alone. Strong consideration of surgical correction of mandibular deficiency should be based on the following questions: 1.1) Do the patient's goals for treatment place a high priority on improvement in facial esthetics? As a corollary,

Myron R. Tucker

1995-01-01

283

Electron microscopic study of the mandibular glands of Kalotermes flavicollis Fabr. (Isoptera; Calotermitidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mandibular glands of Kalotermes were examined in different castes. They showed sexual dimorphism in the soldiers and primary reproductives. Moreover, in female soldiers and queens, mandibular gland cells contained numerous crystalline structures of mitochondrial origin. The role of these glands (secretion of saliva or pheromone) is discussed.

Pierre Cassier; M. A. Fain-Maurel; D. Lebrun

1977-01-01

284

Trends in the incidence and cause of sport-related mandibular fractures: A retrospective analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study assessed changes in the incidence and causes of mandibular fractures occurring in Innsbruck, Austria between 1984 and 1993.Patients and Methods: Records from 712 patients sustaining 982 mandibular fractures were reviewed and analyzed according to age, sex, date of fracture, place of trauma, cause, anatomic site of fracture, and associated orofacial and craniocerebral injuries.Results: Sports were the most

Rüdiger Emshoff; Harald Schöning; Gabriel Röthler; Ernst Waldhart

1997-01-01

285

Lip closing force of Class III patients with mandibular prognathism: a case control study  

PubMed Central

Introduction To compare the lip closing force of patients with mandibular prognathism to that of patients without dentofacial anomalies. Methods The subject group included 62 female patients of Class III relationship with mandibular prognathism. The control group been comprised of 71 patients of Class I relationships without skeletal deformities. Maximum lip closing force and average lip closing force were measured using a Y-meter. Student’s t-test was carried out to analyse the differences between the groups. Correlation and stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were performed to analyse the relationship between lip closing force and craniofacial morphology. Results The lower lip closing force of subjects with mandibular prognathism was significantly greater than that of patients in the control group (P??0.05). The lower lip closing force of patients with mandibular prognathism was strongly correlated with IMPA (Lower Incisor - Mandibular Plane angle, P?Mandibular Plane angle, P?mandibular prognathism and was strongly correlated with lower incisor position and mandibular plane angle. PMID:25159036

2014-01-01

286

Endodontic Treatment of a Mandibular Second Premolar with Three Roots and Three Canals  

PubMed Central

Complex root canal system with atypical variations is a common finding among mandibular premolars. Endodontic treatment in these teeth may not be successful due to the failure to recognise and treat multiple canals. This paper presents endodontic treatment of a mandibular second premolar with three roots and three canals. PMID:25431692

Paul, Bonny; Dube, Kavita

2014-01-01

287

Mandibular changes in persons with untreated and treated Class II Division 1 malocclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth potential of individuals with Class II malocclusions is of interest to the practicing orthodontist because such malocclusions constitute a significant percentage of cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate on cross-sectional and longitudinal bases the changes in mandibular length and relationship and maxillary-mandibular relationships in untreated Class II subjects from deciduous to permanent dentition and also

Samir E. Bishara

1998-01-01

288

No Correlation between Primary Mandibular Anterior Crowding and Vertical Craniofacial Configuration or Lower Incisor Inclination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between primary mandibular anterior crowding and vertical cranofacial configuration or sagittal lower incisor inclination. The collective comprised 100 consecutive patients (50 males, 50 females) subject to 4 selection criteria: mandibular anterior crowding S 1.0 mm, no provious orthodontic therapy, completely preserved deciduous canines and molars, and lateral cephalograms of

Rainer-Reginald Miethke

2000-01-01

289

A rare report of mandibular facial talon cusp and its management  

PubMed Central

Talon cusp is an uncommon dental anomaly showing morphologically well delineated, accessory cusp-like structure projecting from cingulum to the incisal edge of anterior teeth. This anomaly is rare in the mandibular dentition and rarer on the facial aspect. A case of this infrequent entity of mandibular facial talon cusp and its management is reported here. PMID:25298658

Nuvvula, Sivakumar; Gaddam, Kumar Raja; Jayachandra, Bhumireddy; Mallineni, Sreekanth Kumar

2014-01-01

290

Histologic study of the bone adjacent to titanium bone screws used for mandibular fracture treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Titanium miniplates have been widely used in mandibular fracture fixation because of their strength and excellent biocompatibility. However, the condition of the bone adjacent to titanium bone screws has not been clarified. This study histologically examined the bone-screw interface in patients treated for mandibular fractures. Patients and Materials: Specimens were obtained from 14 patients, and the undecalcified sections were

Hisanori Hirai; Akira Okumura; Masaaki Goto; Takeshi Katsuki

2001-01-01

291

[Mandibular metastasis of a cutaneous melanoma or metachronous amelanotic melanoma of the oral cavity? A case report and literature review].  

PubMed

Primary and metastatic mandibular melanoma are extremely rare. We report the original case of a 55-year-old woman treated 16 years before for a cutaneous melanoma, and now presenting with a huge mandibular amelanotic melanoma. Was it an histologically different mandibular metastasis of the previous cutaneous melanoma, or a metachronous oral amelanotic melanoma? PMID:24503521

Vierne, C; Hardy, H; Guichard, B; Barat, M; Péron, J-M; Trost, O

2014-08-01

292

Interaction of bone-dental implant with new ultra low modulus alloy using a numerical approach.  

PubMed

Although mechanical stress is known as being a significant factor in bone remodeling, most implants are still made using materials that have a higher elastic stiffness than that of bones. Load transfer between the implant and the surrounding bones is much detrimental, and osteoporosis is often a consequence of such mechanical mismatch. The concept of mechanical biocompatibility has now been considered for more than a decade. However, it is limited by the choice of materials, mainly Ti-based alloys whose elastic properties are still too far from cortical bone. We have suggested using a bulk material in relation with the development of a new beta titanium-based alloy. Titanium is a much suitable biocompatible metal, and beta-titanium alloys such as metastable TiNb exhibit a very low apparent elastic modulus related to the presence of an orthorhombic martensite. The purpose of the present work has been to investigate the interaction that occurs between the dental implants and the cortical bone. 3D finite element models have been adopted to analyze the behavior of the bone-implant system depending on the elastic properties of the implant, different types of implant geometry, friction force, and loading condition. The geometry of the bone has been adopted from a mandibular incisor and the surrounding bone. Occlusal static forces have been applied to the implants, and their effects on the bone-metal implant interface region have been assessed and compared with a cortical bone/bone implant configuration. This work has shown that the low modulus implant induces a stress distribution closer to the actual physiological phenomenon, together with a better stress jump along the bone implant interface, regardless of the implant design. PMID:24656363

Piotrowski, B; Baptista, A A; Patoor, E; Bravetti, P; Eberhardt, A; Laheurte, P

2014-05-01

293

Treatment of extensive comminuted mandibular fracture between both mandibular angles with bilateral condylar fractures using a reconstruction plate: a case report  

PubMed Central

This following case report describes the open reduction, internal fixation and the reconstruction of an extensive comminuted mandibular fracture with bilateral condylar fractures in a 19-year-old male patient with an intellectual disability and autistic disorder. He suffered fall trauma, resulting in shattered bony fragments of the alveolus and mandibular body between both mandibular rami, the fracture of both condyles and the avulsion or dislocation of every posterior tooth of the mandible. The patient underwent open reduction and internal fixation between both mandibular rami using a reconstruction plate, open reduction and internal fixation of the shattered fragments using miniplates and screws, and the closed reduction of the bilateral condylar fractures. PMID:25045641

Lee, Kwonwoo; Yoon, Kyuho; Cheong, Jeongkwon; Shin, Jaemyung; Bae, Jungho; Ko, Inchan; Park, Hyungkoo

2014-01-01

294

Mandibular osteotomies for tumor extirpation: the advantages of rigid fixation.  

PubMed

Adequate exposure of intraoral tumors occupying the posterior oral cavity, base of tongue, tonsil, and superior hypopharynx for wide-field primary surgical resection is critical to precise tumor ablation. The exposure resulting from a mandibular osteotomy has greatly assisted the tumor ablation of these areas. This procedure has also been beneficial in providing exposure to the anterior skull base, pterygomaxillary, and infratemporal space, clivus, and nasopharynx. In evaluating various osteotomy sites and methods of fixation, we reviewed 26 patients treated for benign or malignant neoplasia of the head and neck requiring mandibulotomy. The osteotomy complication rate was 2 (29%) of 7 for wire osteosynthesis and 1 (5.3%) of 19 for plate osteosynthesis. All patients with osteotomy complications had received preoperative radiation therapy. The one complication in the plated group was associated with a lateral stairstep osteotomy and two screws on either side of the osteotomy. This study suggests advantages of absolute rigid internal fixation of mandibular osteotomies used for tumor ablation. It is also concluded that a midline osteotomy reapproximated with rigid internal fixation has the benefits of 1. primary bone healing by means of plating counteracting the balanced forces acting on the symphysis; 2. improved reapproximation with minimal bony loss, improving occlusion; 3. decreased incidence of osteoradionecrosis as the symphysis lies outside the usual radiation ports; 4. preservation of the neurovascular bundle; and 5. maintenance of osteotomy-site immobility in an infected field. This review helped identify surgical techniques that decrease the complications that are commonly associated with mandibular osteotomies for precise tumor ablation. PMID:1731161

Sullivan, P K; Fabian, R; Driscoll, D

1992-01-01

295

A retrospective study of mandibular fracture in a 40-month period.  

PubMed

This retrospective study evaluated the epidemiology, treatment and complications of mandibular fracture associated, or not associated, with other facial fractures, when the influence of the surgeon's skill and preference for any rigid internal fixation (RIF) system devices was minimized. The files of 700 patients with facial trauma were available, and 126 files were chosen for review. Data were collected regarding gender, age, race, date of trauma, date of surgery, addictions, etiology, signs and symptoms, fracture area, complications, treatment performed, date of hospital discharge, and medication. 126 patients suffered mandibular fractures associated, or not, with other maxillofacial fractures, and a total of 201 mandibular fractures were found. The incidence of mandibular fractures was more prevalent in males, in Caucasians and during the third decade of life. The most common site was the condyle, followed by the mandibular body. The therapy applied was effective in handling this type of fracture and the success rates were comparable with other published data. PMID:19914802

de Matos, F P; Arnez, M F M; Sverzut, C E; Trivellato, A E

2010-01-01

296

Endodontic Treatment of a Mandibular Second Premolar with Type IV Wiene's Root Canal: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

This case report describes an endodontic treatment of a mandibular second premolar with type IV root canal. A 26-year-old male patient reported pain in right mandibular second premolar. Clinical examination showed a large carious lesion with pulp exposure. Radiographs showed minimal periapical changes and slight widening of periodontal ligament space. Mandibular second premolars usually have one canal. The mandibular second premolar may present large number of anatomic variations. The clinician should be aware of the configuration of the pulp system. This case presents the diagnosis and clinical management of a mandibular second premolar with two distinct canals in the apical third of root (Type IV Wiene's canal configuration), drawing particular attention to tactile examination of all the canal walls and obturating it with calamus 3D obturation system. PMID:24711930

Chalil, Noushad Matavan; Kini, Shravan; Jose, Sunil; Narayanan, Arun; Salahudeen, Shahnas; Peedikayil, Faizal C.

2014-01-01

297

Audit on titanium reconstruction of mandibular defects for jaw lesions  

PubMed Central

Aims: The aim of the study is to audit the titanium reconstruction of jaw defects in benign conditions in Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore. Methods and Material: A retrospective study of titanium reconstruction of mandibular defects due to jaw lesions at Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, India, between May 2008 and May 2011. Results: Mouth opening, facial symmetry, occlusion, chewing ability, plate exposure and patient satisfaction were used as outcome measures. Conclusions: The three-dimensional titanium plate is a reasonable material for immediate mandible reconstruction after surgical resection of benign jaw pathologies. PMID:25210382

Paul, S. Arun; Karthik, A. Kaneesh; Chacko, Rabin; Karunya, Whinny

2014-01-01

298

Treatment of Ectopic Mandibular Second Permanent Molar with Elastic Separators  

PubMed Central

Ectopic eruption is a developmental disturbance in which the tooth fails to follow its normal eruption pathway. Ectopic eruption of the second molar is relatively rare. This paper presents the case of thirteen-year-old male with an ectopic mandibular second permanent molar. The condition was corrected with surgical exposure and placement of elastic separators. This case report lays emphasis on the practice of basic methods to obtain acceptable results rather than extensive surgical or orthodontic corrections. It is advised that ectopic teeth should not be neglected especially when it concerns developing caries and malocclusion. PMID:25050182

Rajesh, R.; Naveen, V.; Amit, S.; Baroudi, Kusai; Sampath Reddy, C.; Namineni, Srinivas

2014-01-01

299

Morphometrical analysis of the human mandibular canal: a CT investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  This study aimed to clarify the correct localization of the mandibular canal (MC) that is essential in order to avoid injuries\\u000a to the inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle during oral surgical procedures.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We have analyzed the position of the MC using computed tomography data bank examinations of the oral region from 50 partially\\u000a dentulous Brazilian patients aging from 25 to 75 years

Marcello Rodrigues de Oliveira Júnior; André Luis Santos Saud; Debora Rodrigues Fonseca; Bernardo De-Ary-Pires; Mário Ary Pires-Neto; Ricardo de Ary-Pires

2011-01-01

300

Anaplastic mandibular carcinoma in a meerkat (Suricata suricatta).  

PubMed

An 8-yr-old female slender-tailed meerkat (Suricata suricatta) presented with a necrotic sublingual mass and osteolysis of the mandible. After 1 mo of palliative care, the meerkat was euthanized. The mass was diagnosed histologically as an anaplastic carcinoma with extensive rostral mandibular destruction. Immunohistochemistry for vimentin and cytokeratin was validated in this nontypical species and showed that neoplastic cells expressed both mesenchymal and epithelial characteristics, suggestive of a primitive and poorly differentiated tumor. A review of 150 adult slender-tailed meerkat histopathology reports showed a 2% prevalence of orofacial neoplasia, suggesting that oral neoplasms are uncommon in meerkats. PMID:25000710

Dadone, Liza I; Garner, Michael M; Klaphake, Eric; Johnston, Matthew S; Han, Sushan

2014-06-01

301

Treatment of Mandibular Fractures by Two Perpendicular Mini-Plates  

PubMed Central

Introduction: In open reduction and internal fixation for the treatment of mandibular fracture, the fixation technique used is very important in reducing post-operative complications and promoting the healing process. This study assessed the results of fixation of the mandible using two mini-plates perpendicular to each other in the lower border of the mandible for fracture treatment. Materials and Methods: Access to the fractures was via an extraoral approach (through existing scars or incisions). After reductions of mandibular fractures, the fracture line fixation was accomplished using two mini-plates perpendicular to each other. One-week intermaxillary fixation (IMF) was applied and 3 weeks of soft diet was recommended in the post-operative period. All patients were followed up for at least 1 year regarding infection and malocclusion. Results: Twenty-five patients (28 fracture lines) underwent this technique. Most (81.8%) patients were male and the mean age was 41.3±7.59 years (range, 17–73 years). Symphyseal fracture (frequency, 52%) was the most prevalent followed by angle (32%) and body (16%) fractures. Among the patients who underwent surgery, only one malocclusion and no cases of infection were observed. No cases of facial nerve weakness or damage were observed in this study. Conclusion: This method can be used in specific cases to replace treatment with one mini-plate, which necessitates a more intensive fixation or reconstruction plate therapy. PMID:24505572

Rahpeyma, Amin; Khajehahmadi, Saeedeh; Barkhori Mehni, Sadegh

2014-01-01

302

Reconstruction plates used in the surgery for mandibular discontinuity defect  

PubMed Central

Objectives The purpose of this study was to analyze the survival rate of reconstruction plates that were used to correct mandibular discontinuity defects. Materials and Methods We analyzed clinical and radiological data of 36 patients. Only discontinuous mandibular defect cases were included in the study. Reconstruction plate survival rate was analyzed according to age, gender, location of defect, defect size, and whether the patient underwent a bone graft procedure, coronoidectomy, and/or postoperative radiation therapy (RT). Results Plate-related complications developed in 8 patients, 7 of which underwent plate removal. No significant differences were found in plate survival rate according to age, gender, location of defect, defect size, or whether a bone graft procedure was performed. However, there were differences in the plate survival rate that depended on whether the patient underwent coronoidectomy or postoperative RT. In the early stages (9.25±5.10 months), plate fracture was the most common complication, but in the later stages (35.75±17.00 months), screw loosening was the most common complication. Conclusion It is important to establish the time-related risk of complications such as plate fracture or screw loosening. Coronoidectomy should be considered in most cases to prevent complications. Postoperative RT can affect the survival rate and hazard rate after a reconstruction plate is fitted. PMID:25551090

Seol, Guk-Jin; Jeon, Eun-Gyu; Lee, Jong-Sung; Choi, So-Young; Kim, Jin-Wook; Kwon, Tae-Geon

2014-01-01

303

Mandibular fossa morphology in the Ngandong and Sambungmacan fossil hominids.  

PubMed

There has been debate in recent years concerning the significance of the mandibular fossa morphology in the Ngandong and Sambungmacan hominids. These fossils lack a postglenoid process and their squamotympanic fissure runs along the apex of the fossa for its entire length. This configuration differs from that seen in other fossil and modern humans, which have a prominent postglenoid process and a squamotympanic fissure that takes a more posterior course that does not lie in the apex of the fossa. Some recent studies have suggested that the Ngandong and Sambungmacan hominids are not unique in their expression of these characteristics, and that they can also be found in other fossil crania from Africa and Indonesia. The present study reexamines these morphologies in an effort to better understand their distribution in the hominid fossil record. The results confirm that the lack of a prominent postglenoid process in combination with a squamotympanic fissure that lies wholly in the apex of the mandibular fossa along its entire length is indeed autapomorphic for the Ngandong and Sambungmacan fossils. This finding, in conjunction with work on other nonmetric features in these hominids, suggests that at least two hominid morphs, possibly representing separate species, were present on Java during the Pleistocene. In addition, if this apparent autapomorphy is confirmed, then it is also unlikely that the Ngandong hominids contributed to the gene pool of modern humans. PMID:18521904

Durband, Arthur C

2008-10-01

304

Treatment and complications of mandibular fractures: a 10-year analysis.  

PubMed

The surgical treatment and complications of patients with mandibular fractures in Amsterdam over a period of 10 years are analysed. Between January 2000 and January 2009 225 patients were surgically treated for a mandibular fracture (mean age of 32.6 (SD±14.6) years). A total of 426 fracture lines were identified. Of 213 dentate patients 29 patients were treated primarily with intermaxillary fixation (IMF). IMF combined with osteosynthesis was performed on 99 patients. Seventy-nine patients received IMF only per-operatively to make open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) possible. Of 12 edentulous patients three patients were treated with Gunning splints. Nine patients were treated by manual reduction and internal fixation. A total of 1965 screws and 442 plates were used. Sixty (26.7%) patients presented with complications, including (transient) hyposensibility of the lip and chin (34 patients), dysocclusion (15 patients), infected osteosynthesis material (six patients) and temporomandibular dysfunction (five patients). Four patients needed surgical retreatment for correction of a dysocclusion. The results of this report are partly in line with other studies and provide important data for improving the treatment of the fractured mandible. PMID:21733700

van den Bergh, Bart; Heymans, Martijn W; Duvekot, Freya; Forouzanfar, Tymour

2012-06-01

305

Tuberculous osteomyelitis of mandibular condyle: a diagnostic dilemma  

PubMed Central

The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is increasing worldwide and so are its consequences. Its oral manifestations are infrequent, occurring in approximately 3% of all cases. Although the primary lesion occurs as a pulmonary infection, the extrapulmonary infections have also shown an increase over the past few years. These infections generally involve the head and neck through haematogenous or lymphatic routes. The clinical presentation may be as an ulcer, granuloma, orofacial TB, TB of the salivary glands or tuberculous lymphadenitis. Rarely, secondary oral manifestations associated with pulmonary infection are seen, which can appear as lesions on the gingiva, palate, lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, frenulum and in the jaw bones. Owing to the rarity of orofacial TB, it seldom arouses clinical suspicion, especially when a positive history of a systemic infection or therapy is denied. Tuberculous involvement of the mandibular condyle is even rarer, and only two such cases are reported so far, both in English-language literature. Further, the diagnosis of such a case is extremely difficult as there are no specific signs pathogonomic of infection. The only manifestation may be a localized painful swelling of the jaw. The presented case is of osteomyelitis of the mandibular condyle in a 20-year-old male patient in whom TB was later suspected. In this case report the role of diagnostic techniques is emphasized as the osteomyelitis of the condyle has the risk of being easily missed owing to its atypical signs and symptoms and atypical radiographic appearance. PMID:22074872

Sheikh, S; Pallagatti, S; Gupta, D; Mittal, A

2012-01-01

306

Overexpressed TGF-? in subchondral bone leads to mandibular condyle degradation.  

PubMed

Emerging evidence has implied that subchondral bone plays an important role during osteoarthritis (OA) pathology. This study was undertaken to investigate whether abnormalities of the condylar subchondral bone lead to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) OA. We used an osteoblast-specific mutant TGF-?1 transgenic mouse, the CED mouse, in which high levels of active TGF-?1 occur in bone marrow, leading to abnormal bone remodeling. Subchondral bone changes in the mandibular condyles were investigated by micro-CT, and alterations in TMJ condyles were confirmed by histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis. Abnormalities in the condylar subchondral bone, characterized as fluctuant bone mineral density and microstructure and increased but uncoupled activity of osteoclasts and osteoblasts, were apparent in the 1- and 4-month CED mouse groups, while obvious cartilage degradation, in the form of cell-free regions and proteoglycan loss, was observed in the 4-month CED group. In addition, increased numbers of apoptotic chondrocytes and MMP9- and VEGF-positive chondrocytes were observed in the condylar cartilage in the 4-month CED group, but not in the 1-month CED group, compared with their respective age-matched controls. This study demonstrated that progressive degradation of mandibular condylar cartilage could be induced by the abnormal remodeling of the underlying subchondral bone during TMJOA progression. PMID:24309371

Jiao, K; Zhang, M; Niu, L; Yu, S; Zhen, G; Xian, L; Yu, B; Yang, K; Liu, P; Cao, X; Wang, M

2014-02-01

307

Breast reconstruction - implants  

MedlinePLUS

... be filled with either saline or a silicone gel. You may have another minor procedure later that ... breast reconstruction with implants are: The implant may break or leak in the first 10 years. If ...

308

The Ion Implanter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site displays and describes the major components of a modern high current ion implanter. It uses a series of clickable image maps to help navigate. The site describes the entire process of ion implantation.

2012-07-31

309

Implantation characteristics by boron cluster ion implantation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, boron cluster implantation (i.e. decaborane: B10Hx+) is regarded as a promising technology for the formation of P-type Ultra Shallow Junction (USJ) because of the equivalent high beam current with less beam divergence compared to the conventional B+ or BF2+ implantation. Also as-implanted and after-annealing characteristics are different due to the appearance of self-amorphized layer by the cluster ion bombardment, which suppresses the channeling and enhances the boron activation. However, it is anticipated that the properties caused by this amorphous layer will vary with different implantation conditions or a presence of Pre Amorphization Implantation (PAI) process, which should be understood well to maintain a good process control. From this point of view, we have measured the decaborane implantation characteristics by a couple of different related conditions, for instance, the beam energy and current. Sheet resistance vs junction depth (Rs-Xj) are also evaluated in different annealing methods with combination of PAI processes. In addition, a brief comparison is made by implanting the different boron cluster ions (i.e. B8Hx+) by mass selecting the ions extracted from decaborane ionization chamber. In this paper, these characteristics of boron cluster implantations are reviewed.

Nagayama, Tsutomu; Hamamoto, Nariaki; Umisedo, Sei; Tanjyo, Masayasu; Aoyama, Takayuki

2006-11-01

310

Implant Supported Full-Mouth Restoration in a Young Patient with Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis.  

PubMed

Abstract Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis (GAgP) is characterized by edentulism at an early stage in life where most patients with GAgP are treated with removable partial or full dentures. While evidence suggests the use of dental implants in these patients, controversy regarding the success of dental implant placements continues. Most notably, there are methodological issues of defining the precise success/failure using the conventional clinical and radiographical tools. The following case illustrates the multidisciplinary management and succesfully rehabilitation of a young patient with GAgP and extensive maxillary and mandibular alveolar bone resorption.Clinical measurements were accompanied by conventional radiographic analysis at baseline and after 24 months. The achieved a functional and esthetic treatment of a young aggressive periodontitis patient by dental implants was presented. PMID:23641670

Koyuncuoglu, Cenker Zeki; Calisir, Kerem; Minoglu-Saylan, Isil; Yassibag, Zeynep; Metin, Suleyman; Tuncer, Ozen; Kantarci, Alpdogan

2013-05-01

311

Alveolar Cleft Restoration Using Autogenous Tooth Bone Graft Material for Implant Placement: A Case Report.  

PubMed

Abstract The aim of this case report is to show the effectiveness of using autogenous tooth bone (AutoBT) graft material in an alveolar cleft restoration for implant placement and integration. This is one of the first reported cases using AutoBT as a graft material in repairing an alveolar cleft defect. A 19 year-old Korean male patient with a history of cleft lip and palate received an alveolar cleft restoration with AutoBT after extracting an impacted right maxillary lateral incisor. AutoBT was made from mandibular third molars of this patient. Subsequently, an implant fixture (Astra Tech AB, Mölndal, Sweden) 3 mm in diameter and 11 mm in length was placed with an initial locking torque of 45 Ncm. Stable implant restoration was achieved in an alveolar defect site. PMID:24295451

Jeong, Kyung-In; Lee, Junho; Um, In-Woong; Kim, Young-Kyun

2013-12-01

312

Decaborane ion implantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continued scaling of integrated circuit devices has resulted in the need for lower and lower implant energy capabilities. The difficulties associated with extraction and transport of low energy beams have lead to research in novel techniques for ultra low energy implantation. Results from one such technique, decaborane ion implantation, are reported here. Decaborane is a molecule with 10 boron

A. S. Perel; W. Krull; D. Hoglund; K. Jackson; T. Horsky

2000-01-01

313

Ablation plasma ion implantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The novel hybrid technique, Ablation Plasma Ion Implantation (APII), has been characterized and optimized for ion implantation and\\/or thin film deposition. In APII, a solid target is ablated by a laser; the resulting plasma plume is the source of ions, which are accelerated to high energy by a negative bias voltage imposed on the substrate. The ions are implanted into

Bo Qi

2002-01-01

314

Interface between hydroxyapatite and mandibular human bone tissue.  

PubMed

Samples from intraosseous dental implants, removed from patients for mechanical failures, were examined to analyse the interaction between hydroxyapatite as plasma sprayed coating on titanium supports and human bone. The implantation time varied up to 8 years. No failures had arisen from problems at the interface between the hydroxyapatite coating and bone. The number of samples examined and the implantation times give good statistical conclusions. Histological and microchemical studies showed the good performance and compatibility of this sprayed hydroxyapatite. We present evidence from the best samples which show close bonding with the surrounding bone tissue. New bone is seen all around the coated implant. The composition of the calcium phosphate deposited on the hydroxyapatite and cellular approach were determined, and demonstrate the efficiency of the interaction between this plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite and the bone. PMID:1314677

Ravaglioli, A; Krajewski, A; Biasini, V; Martinetti, R; Mangano, C; Venini, G

1992-01-01

315

Three-dimensional finite element analysis of the deformation of the human mandible: a preliminary study from the perspective of orthodontic mini-implant stability  

PubMed Central

Objective The aims of this study were to investigate mandibular deformation under clenching and to estimate its effect on the stability of orthodontic mini-implants (OMI). Methods Three finite element models were constructed using computed tomography (CT) images of 3 adults with different mandibular plane angles (A, low; B, average; and C, high). An OMI was placed between #45 and #46 in each model. Mandibular deformation under premolar and molar clenching was simulated. Comparisons were made between peri-orthodontic mini-implant compressive strain (POMI-CSTN) under clenching and orthodontic traction forces (150 g and 200 g). Results Three models with different mandibular plane angles demonstrated different functional deformation characteristics. The compressive strains around the OMI were distributed mesiodistally rather than occlusogingivally. In model A, the maximum POMI-CSTN under clenching was observed at the mesial aspect of #46 (1,401.75 microstrain [µE]), and similar maximum POMI-CSTN was observed under a traction force of 150 g (1,415 µE). Conclusions The maximum POMI-CSTN developed by clenching failed to exceed the normally allowed compressive cortical bone strains; however, additional orthodontic traction force to the OMI may increase POMI-CSTN to compromise OMI stability. PMID:23112947

Baek, Sun-Hye; Cha, Hyun-Suk; Cha, Jung-Yul; Moon, Yoon-Shik

2012-01-01

316

Endodontic Management of a Mandibular Central Incisor with Type IV Canal Pattern: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

The success of endodontic treatment requires the knowledge of tooth morphology and its variations. Mandibular incisor’s anatomy presents a challenge when an endodontic access is made, because of its small size and high prevalence of two canals. We are describing a Weine’s Type IV root canal configuration that was detected in a mandibular central incisor, which was demonstrated by a radiographic examination. This article also focuses on the successful endodontic treatment of a mandibular central incisor with a single canal at the pulp chamber, which divided into two distinct and separate canals (buccolingual) at the middle third of the root. PMID:24783153

Mittal, Sunandan; Kumar, Tarun; Sharma, Jyotika; Mittal, Shifali; Ahuja, Tarun

2014-01-01

317

Mandibular lengthening by distraction osteogenesis in the setting of osteogenesis imperfecta.  

PubMed

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited disorder characterized by bone fragility and deformity. The craniofacial skeleton may be involved either primarily or by result of a concomitant diagnosis. Distraction osteogenesis has emerged as a versatile reconstructive option for many craniofacial deformities. Mandibular lengthening by distraction has not been reported in a patient with OI. We present a patient in whom mandibular lengthening was successfully performed twice for hemifacial microsomia. Bilateral lengthening was initially performed with successful airway improvement. This was followed by transport distraction on the more severely affected side for condylar reconstruction. Successful mandibular lengthening by distraction is possible in the setting of OI. PMID:25565236

Black, Jonathan S; Denny, Arlen D

2015-01-01

318

[Insufficient diagnostics in a patient with a fracture of the mandibular collum].  

PubMed

A 13-year-old boy was presented to oral and maxillofacial surgeon with chin and preauricular pain after afallfrom his skateboard. A panoramic radiograph did not show any indication of a fracture of the mandibular collum. Two weeks later, the boy was referred by his orthodontist to the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of a medical centre in connection with a relapse ofa class III malocclusion despite a recently completed treatment of that problem. A computertomogram displayed a fracture of the mandibular collum. In case afracture of the mandibular collum is suspected, imaging from 2 directions is always required. PMID:23600180

Valstar, M H; Jaspers, G W; de Lange, J

2013-03-01

319

Iatrogenic absence of maxillary canines: Bolton discrepancy treated with mandibular incisor extraction.  

PubMed

This case report describes the orthodontic treatment of an adult patient with iatrogenic absence of the maxillary canines, moderate maxillary and severe mandibular dental crowding, a Bolton discrepancy with a large mandibular anterior excess, a maxillary right lateral incisor crossbite, and Angle Class II molar relationships. The treatment consisted of fixed appliance therapy, mandibular incisor extraction, tooth bleaching, and dental recontouring. This method of treatment maintained the patient's good facial appearance, improved the dental esthetics, and provided a good functional occlusion, eliminating the arch length and Bolton discrepancies and providing a good outcome with minimal undesirable effects. PMID:23631973

Simão, Tassiana Mesquita; Valladares-Neto, José; Rino-Neto, José; de Paiva, João Batista

2013-05-01

320

An Investigation of Three types of Tooth Implant Supported Fixed Prosthesis Designs with 3D Finite Element Analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective: Tooth/implant supported fixed prostheses may present biomechanical design problems, as the implant is rigidly anchored within the alveolus, whereas the tooth is attached by the periodontal ligament to the bone allowing movement. Many clinicians prefer tooth/implant supported fixed prosthesis designs with rigid connectors. However, there are some doubts about the effect of attachment placement in different prosthesis designs. The purpose of this study was to examine the stresses accumulated around the implant and natural teeth under occlusal forces using three dimensional finite element analysis (3D FEA). Materials and Methods: In this study, different connection designs of tooth/implant fixed prosthesis in distal extension situations were investigated by 3D FEA. Three models with various connection designs were studied; in the first model an implant rigidly connected to an abutment, in the second and third models an implant connected to abutment tooth with nonrigid connector in the distal part of the tooth and mesial part of the implant. In each model, a screw type implant (5×11mm) and a mandibular second premolar were used. The stress values of these models loaded with vertical forces (250N) were analyzed. Results: There was no difference in stress distribution around the bone support of the implant. Maximum stress values were observed at the crestal bone of the implant. In all models, tooth movement was higher than implant movement. Conclusion: There is no difference in using a rigid connector, non rigid connector in the distal surface of the tooth or in the mesial surface of an implant. PMID:23724203

Koosha, Sara; Mirhashemi, Fatemeh Sadat

2013-01-01

321

Imaging of porous polyethylene implant by using multidetector spiral computed tomography.  

PubMed

The porous polyethylene implant (Medpor; Porex Surgical, Inc., Newnan, GA) is one of the most usable implants in clinical practice. Because it is radiolucent on both direct radiography and conventional computed tomography, visualization of the implant becomes an important issue. In this clinical study, availability of multidetector spiral computed tomography for visualization of the implant was evaluated. The technique was used in 15 patients who had Medpor reconstructions on their faces, including frontal (seven), malar (five), and mandibular (five) regions. A 16-channel multislice computed tomography scanner was used in spiral scanning mode. Sagittal, coronal, and transverse multiplanar reformation and volume-rendered images were reformatted using a PC-based three-dimensional reconstruction program (Extended Brilliance Workspace, Release 1.0.1.1, Philips Medical Systems, Amsterdam, The Netherlands). The three-dimensional images along the course of the implant were additionally reformatted. Window width and level were adjusted for viewing the bone as respective values of 1100 HU and 450 HU in contrast to the values of 800 HU and 200 HU, respectively, for the implant. The detailed contour of the implants could be easily traced on the multidetector computed tomographic images, including either the concave or convex areas. The calcifications and cystic formations around the implants and the spatial relationship between the defects and the implants were also shown. We believe that the present multidetector computed tomographic technique offers direct visualization of the Medpor implant in the body. It has many advantages over the current magnetic resonance imaging techniques that need tissue in growth for visualization. PMID:18216681

Coskun, Unsal; Ozturk, Serdar; Zor, Fatih; Turgut, Ahmet Tuncay; Sengezer, Mustafa

2008-01-01

322

Reconstruction of the zygomatic arch using a mandibular adaption plate.  

PubMed

Zygomatic complex fractures are one of the most common facial fractures treated by maxillofacial surgeons. Because of the importance of the zygomatic complex in midfacial skeletal orientation, comminuted zygomatic arch fractures can lead to significant morbidity and deformity. Common repair modalities include closed reduction via a Gilles approach, open reduction and internal fixation with screws and/or plating systems, primary bone grafting, and/or biosynthetics. In patients with significant comminution and arch defects, who are poor candidates for bone grafting, reconstruction can be difficult. In this clinical report, we present 2 patients with comminuted zygomatic arch fractures and significant bony defects, who were reconstructed with mandibular adaption plates alone without primary bone grafting. Over a mean follow-up period of 12.5 months, both patients healed well without any complications and had acceptable cosmetic outcomes. PMID:19553843

Buck, Donald W; Heyer, Kamaldeep; Lewis, Victor L

2009-07-01

323

Bilaterally impacted mandibular supernumerary premolars associated with unusual clinical complications  

PubMed Central

Supernumerary teeth are extra teeth in comparison to the normal dentition. Their prevalence varies between 0.1% and 3.8%. Supernumeraries are more common in permanent dentition and its incidence is higher in maxillary incisor region, followed by maxillary third molar and mandibular molar, premolar, canine, and lateral incisor. The prevalence of supernumerary premolars is between 0.075-0.26%, and they may occur in single or multiple numbers Bilateral occurrence is uncommon and large percentage of supernumerary premolars remains impacted, unerupted, and usually asymptomatic; radiograph plays an important role in diagnosis of these. The present paper reports a case of bilaterally impacted completely developed supernumerary premolars associated with common clinical complication in unusual manner along with taurodontism of the upper and lower molars. PMID:23833524

Pasha, Zameer; Choudhari, Sameer; Rathod, Azhar; Sulabha, A. N.

2013-01-01

324

Mandibular molar rehabilitation using orthodontic extrusion associated with odontoplasty.  

PubMed

The aim of this clinical report is to describe the successful treatment of a mandibular first molar presenting an extensive fracture at the buccal aspect in a young patient. The extension of the fracture was a negative prognostic factor for tooth maintenance. An alternative clinical treatment was proposed since the patient was young and presented with good oral hygiene and periodontal health. The treatment was based on orthodontic forced eruption associated with odontoplasty. A 3-year follow-up after the surgical procedure demonstrated the maintenance of periodontal health and good plaque control. It can be concluded that orthodontic forced eruption associated with odontoplasty promoted favorable conditions for prosthetic rehabilitation and is a feasible procedure in the treatment of tooth fracture extended below the cementoenamel junction. PMID:22672712

Cesar-Neto, João Batista; Martos, Josué; Artifon, Luciano; Silveira, Luiz Fernando Machado; Michelon, Douver; Masotti, Alexandre Severo; Silva, José Carlos Maciel

2012-12-01

325

Prototyped flexible grafting tray for reconstruction of mandibular defects.  

PubMed

In our previous studies, prototyped individual bone-grafting trays have been used to restore discontinuous mandibular defects. However, the attempts have shown that the trays have shielded the graft from stress, which caused considerable resorption of bone. To eliminate the shielding, we designed a flexible tray. Finite element analysis was used to compare the distribution of strain on the bone grafts that were placed in flexible and conventional trays. The analogue computation suggested that most of the strain on the graft in the flexible tray resulted in a beneficial mechanical environment, while in the conventional tray more than half of graft was in the lowest class of strain (disuse - <50 ?strains). Animal experiments were conducted on hybrid dogs, and the prototype flexible tray was used to carry particles of autologous cancellous iliac bone to reconstruct a 40 mm defect in the mandibular body. Sequential radionuclide bone imaging was used to monitor the bone metabolism. Animals were killed at 4, 12 and 24 weeks, and specimens processed for quantitative histological examination. The data from the flexible trays were compared with those from the conventional trays, as in our previous study. The results showed that bone metabolism was more active in the flexible tray than in the conventional tray during the early stages. There was increased bony adaptation in the flexible tray. These results indicate that the flexible tray can efficiently eliminate the shielding from stress, and allow more occlusive force to be conducted on to the bone graft, which results in better remodelling of the graft. PMID:21974899

Zhou, Libin; Shang, Hongtao; Feng, Zhihong; Ding, Yuxiang; Liu, Wei; Li, Dichen; Zhao, Jinlong; Liu, Yanpu

2012-07-01

326

Effect of electrical stimulation on mandibular distraction osteogenesis.  

PubMed

This study was designed to examine whether the use of electrical stimulation during mandibular lengthening accelerates new bone formation. Twenty adult female rabbits weighing between 2800 g and 3200 g underwent left mandibular body osteotomy. After a 3 day latency period, an external fixation device was activated at a rate of 0.7 mm per day for 10 days. Direct current electrical stimulation of 10 microA was applied to 10 rabbit mandibles. Two of the screws were used as electrodes during the distraction phase. The other 10 rabbits (control group) were not stimulated. The device was then stabilized for periods of 10, 20, 30 and 60 days in both groups. The distraction segment was evaluated radiographically by assessing the proportion of bone mineral density using a dichroma scan. The amount of new bone formation was studied histologically with an image analyzer to evaluate the bone formation in the distraction gap. Histological examination showed that the new bone formation 10 and 20 days after distraction was greater in the electrical stimulation group than in the control group. Ten and 20 days after distraction, image analysis and analysis of bone mineral density in areas of newly formed bone indicated that there was a greater amount of new bone formation in the stimulation group than in the control group. The radiographic evaluation, however, did not demonstrate significantly different images between the stimulation group and the control group. Thirty and 60 days after distraction, no difference in the amount of new bone formation was noted in either the experimental or the control groups. These results indicate that electrical stimulation during gradual distraction promotes new bone formation in the early retention period in a rabbit model. PMID:10851668

Hagiwara, T; Bell, W H

2000-02-01

327

An animal model of obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnea syndrome corrected by mandibular advancement device.  

PubMed

Summary OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to establish a stable animal model of obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and assess the effectiveness of a mandibular advancement device (MAD). PMID:25246606

Lu, Hai-Yan; Dong, Fusheng; Liu, Chun-Yan; Wang, Jie; Liu, Ye; Xiao, Wei

2014-09-22

328

Effects of a mandibular advancement device on genioglossus in obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnea syndrome.  

PubMed

Summary OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of mandibular advancement device (MAD) therapy for obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) on the genioglossus contractile properties and fibre-type distribution. PMID:25246607

Liu, Chun-Yan; Lu, Hai-Yan; Dong, Fu-Sheng; Ma, Wen-Sheng; Wang, Jie; Hu, Xiao-Ying; Wang, Wen

2014-09-22

329

Anatomical and histological features of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars.  

PubMed

The mandibular second molar has many root canal variations. This investigation used two evaluation methods to examine the canal morphology of mandibular second molars having C-shaped canals. Fifteen extracted mandibular second molars with a conical root and C-shaped canal orifice were separated into two groups. A polyester cast resin technique allowed three-dimensional visualization of the root canal system in eight teeth; the remaining seven molars were prepared for histological examination in cross-section in the coronal, middle, and apical thirds for study under the light microscope. The results illustrated that C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars can vary in number and shape along the length of the root with the result that debridement, obturation, and restoration in this group may be unusually difficult. PMID:1809802

Melton, D C; Krell, K V; Fuller, M W

1991-08-01

330

Root Canal Morphology of Mandibular First Permanent Molars in an Indian Population  

PubMed Central

An in vitro study was performed to determine the number of roots, root canals per tooth, root canal configurations, and frequency of isthmi and apical deltas in mandibular first permanent molars in an Indian population. Hundred and fifty mandibular first permanent molars were collected and subjected to clearing technique. The cleared teeth were examined in a stereomicroscope under 7.5x magnifications. The canal configurations were categorized using Vertucci's classification. Overall 94.6% of the mandibular first molars had two roots, and 5.3% had extradistal roots (distolingual root). In addition, 64% of the specimens had three root canals, and 36% had four root canals. The most common canal configurations of mesial and distal roots were Vertucci type IV (54%) and type I (65.3%), respectively. Clinician should be aware of the complex root canal morphology of mandibular first molars among the Indian population before and during the root canal treatment. PMID:22287965

Chourasia, Hemant Ramesh; Meshram, Ganesh K.; Warhadpande, Manjusha; Dakshindas, Darshan

2012-01-01

331

Nanotechnology and Dental Implants  

PubMed Central

The long-term clinical success of dental implants is related to their early osseointegration. This paper reviews the different steps of the interactions between biological fluids, cells, tissues, and surfaces of implants. Immediately following implantation, implants are in contact with proteins and platelets from blood. The differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells will then condition the peri-implant tissue healing. Direct bone-to-implant contact is desired for a biomechanical anchoring of implants to bone rather than fibrous tissue encapsulation. Surfaces properties such as chemistry and roughness play a determinant role in these biological interactions. Physicochemical features in the nanometer range may ultimately control the adsorption of proteins as well as the adhesion and differentiation of cells. Nanotechnologies are increasingly used for surface modifications of dental implants. Another approach to enhance osseointegration is the application of thin calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings. Bioactive CaP nanocrystals deposited on titanium implants are resorbable and stimulate bone apposition and healing. Future nanometer-controlled surfaces may ultimately direct the nature of peri-implant tissues and improve their clinical success rate. PMID:21253543

Lavenus, Sandrine; Louarn, Guy; Layrolle, Pierre

2010-01-01

332

Fast and early mandibular osteodistraction (FEMOD) in severe Pierre Robin Sequence.  

PubMed

Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) is a congenital abnormality characterized by mandibular hypoplasia, glossoptosis and often secondary palate cleft. It may be an isolated or part of a most complicated syndrome. The genetic syndrome that most frequently co-occurs is Stickler syndrome characterized by skeletal abnormalities, joint pain, congenital myopia and retinal detachment. The authors describe their fast and early mandibular osteodistraction (FEMOD) protocol in severe cases of PRS airway obstruction. PMID:24787079

Cascone, Piero; Papoff, Paola; Arangio, Paolo; Vellone, Valentino; Calafati, Vincenzo; Silvestri, Alessandro

2014-10-01

333

Mandibular bone density and fractal dimension in rabbits with induced osteoporosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Our goal in this investigation was to examine the mandibular bone density and radiographic textural changes and the relationship between mandibular and spinal bone mineral density in an osteoporotic rabbit model. Study design. Three adult female New Zealand white rabbits in each of 4 groups received daily injections of cortisone acetate at a dosage of 0.0 (control), 3.0, 7.5,

Thomas E Southard; Karin A Southard; Kenneth E Krizan; Stephen L Hillis; John W Haller; John Keller; Michael W Vannier

2000-01-01

334

The Influence of Expansion Rates on Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis: A Computational Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is a clinical procedure used for modifying the mandibular geometry when problems of dental\\u000a overcrowding and arch shrinkage occur. The objective of this study is to use a computational model of tissue differentiation\\u000a to examine the influence of the rate of distraction on bone re-growth within the fracture callus of a human mandible submitted\\u000a to symphyseal distraction

A. Boccaccio; C. Pappalettere; D. J. Kelly

2007-01-01

335

Fixation of mandibular fractures with 2.0-mm miniplates: Review of 191 cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Our goal was to study the use of 2.0-mm miniplates for the fixation of mandibular fractures. Patients and Methods: Records of 191 patients who experienced a total of 280 mandibular fractures that were treated with 2.0-mm miniplates were reviewed. One hundred twelve of those patients, presenting 160 fractures, who attended a late follow-up were also clinically evaluated. Miniplates were

Marisa Aparecida Cabrini Gabrielli; Elcio Marcantonio; Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira

2003-01-01

336

Patterns of growth of the mandibular corpus in spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta ) and cougars ( Puma concolor )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences in jaw morphology among adult carnivorans are well established, but the ontogenetic mechanisms by which these differences arise are largely unexplored. Mandibular ontogeny inCrocuta crocutaandPuma concoloris analysed biomechanically using principles of beam theory. In each species, the development of cross-sectional properties of the mandibular corpus associated with rigidity under loading follows a biphasic pattern of growth. In early postnatal

AUDRONE R. BIKNEVICIUS; STEVEN R. LEIGH

1997-01-01

337

Assessment of bifid and trifid mandibular canals using cone-beam computed tomography  

PubMed Central

Purpose To investigate the prevalence of bifid and trifid mandibular canals using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, and to measure their length, diameter, and angle. Materials and Methods CBCT images of 500 patients, involving 755 hemi-mandibles, were used for this study. The presence and type of bifid mandibular canal was evaluated according to a modified classification of Naitoh et al. Prevalence rates were determined according to age group, gender, and type. Further, their diameter, length, and angles were measured using PACSPLUS Viewer and ImageJ 1.46r. Statistical analysis with chi-squared and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests was performed. Results Bifid and trifid mandibular canals were found in 22.6% of the 500 patients and 16.2% of the 755 sides. There was no significant difference between genders and among age groups. The retromolar canal type accounted for 71.3% of the identified canals; the dental canal type, 18.8%; the forward canal type, 4.1%; and the trifid canal type, 5.8%. Interestingly, seven cases of the trifid canal type, which has been rarely reported, were observed. The mean diameter of the bifid and trifid mandibular canals was 2.2 mm and that of the main mandibular canal was 4.3 mm. Their mean length was 16.9 mm; the mean superior angle was 149.2°, and the mean inferior angle was 37.7°. Conclusion Bifid and trifid mandibular canals in the Korean population were observed at a relatively high rate through a CBCT evaluation, and the most common type was the retromolar canal. CBCT is suggested for a detailed evaluation of bifid and trifid mandibular canals before mandibular surgery. PMID:25279344

Rashsuren, Oyuntugs; Choi, Jin-Woo; Han, Won-Jeong

2014-01-01

338

Carotid Artery Dissection and Stroke Complicating Treatment of Post-mandibular distraction Ankylosis: A Case Report.  

PubMed

Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is an increasingly accepted treatment option for severe upper airway obstruction in grade 3 Robin sequence. Complications are rarely reported but can include fracture, pin dislodgement, tooth bud damage, and temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Operative correction of these complications can carry inherent risks of their own. We present a patient who incurred carotid artery dissection and stroke after release of postdistraction coronoid-zygomatic ankylosis for the treatment of mandibular micrognathia. PMID:25489770

Arnspiger, Sarah A; Felder, John M; Wood, Benjamin C; Rogers, Gary F; Oh, Albert K

2014-12-01

339

Treatment of Two Canals in All Mandibular Incisor Teeth in the Same Patient  

PubMed Central

The main reason for unfavourable outcome in endodontic treatment of mandibular incisor is the inability to detect the presence of second canal. Pain even after extirpation of complete pulp tissue from root canal of vital teeth is the main indication of hidden canals. The present case report is also on pain because of another neglected canal in all mandibular incisors in the same patient. PMID:25478246

Kokane, Vandana B.; Patil, Swapnil N.; Gunwal, Mohit K.; Kubde, Rajesh; Atre, Swaraj

2014-01-01

340

Stress distribution produced by the correction of the mandibular second molar in lingual crossbite.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the stress distribution produced in the dentoalveolar system by a mandibular posterior crossbite appliance used for the correction of mandibular second molars in lingual version. A photoelastic model was fabricated using a photoelastic material (PL-3) to simulate alvelolar bone and ivory-colored resin teeth. The model was observed anteriorly and posteriorly with a circular polariscope and photographically recorded before and after activation of mandibular posterior crossbite appliances. An uncontrolled tipping and an extrusive force were generated when the traction force was applied on the buccal surface of the mandibular second molar. A controlled tipping and an intrusive force were generated when the traction force was applied on the lingual surface of the mandibular second molar. We concluded that to escape the extrusion and uncontrolled tipping that creates occlusal interferences associated with the correction of mandibular second molars in lingual version, the lingual traction force is more useful than the buccal traction force. PMID:12518954

Yoon, Young-Jooh; Jeong, Won-Jung; Jang, Sung-Ho; Hwang, Gab-Woon; Kim, Kwang-Won

2002-12-01

341

Short- and long-term skeletal relapse after mandibular advancement surgery.  

PubMed

This study analyzes short- and long-term skeletal relapse after mandibular advancement surgery and determines its contributing factors. Thirty-two consecutive patients were treated for skeletal Class II malocclusion during the period between 1986 and 1989. They all had combined orthodontic and surgical treatment with BSSO and rigid fixation excluding other surgery. Of these, 15 patients (47%) were available for a long-term cephalography in 2000. The measurement was performed based on the serial cephalograms taken preoperatively; 1 week, 6 months and 14 months postoperatively; and at the final evaluation after an average of 12 years. Mean mandibular advancement was 4.1 mm at B-point and 4.9 mm at pogonion. Representing surgical mandibular ramus displacement, gonion moved downwards 2 mm immediately after surgery. During the short-term postoperative period, mandibular corpus length decreased only 0.5 mm, indicating that there was no osteotomy slippage. After the first year of observation, skeletal relapse was 1.3 mm at B-point and pogonion. The relapse continued, reaching a total of 2.3 mm after 12 years, corresponding to 50% of the mandibular advancement. Mandibular ramus length continuously decreased 1 mm during the same observation period, indicating progressive condylar resorption. No significant relationship between the amount of initial surgical advancement and skeletal relapse was found. Preoperative high mandibulo-nasal plane (ML-NL) angle appears to be associated with long-term skeletal relapse. PMID:16344217

Eggensperger, N; Smolka, K; Luder, J; Iizuka, T

2006-01-01

342

Preliminary optical coherence tomography investigation of the temporo-mandibular joint disc  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aim and objectives. The morphology and position of the temporo-mandibular disc are key issues in the diagnosis and treatment of arthrogenous temporo-mandibular disorders. Magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy are used today to identify: flattening of the pars posterior of the disc, perforation and/or adhesions in the pars intermedia of the disc and disc displacements. The present study proposes the investigation of the temporo-mandibular joint disc by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Material and methods. 8 human temporo-mandibular joint discs were harvested from dead subjects, under 40 year of age, and conserved in formalin. They had a normal morphology, with a thicker pars posterior (2,6 mm on the average) and a thinner pars intermedia (1mm on the average). We investigated the disc samples using two different OCT systems: an en-face OCT (time domain (TD)-OCT) system, working at 1300 nm (C-scan and B-scan mode) and a spectral OCT system (a Fourier domain (FD)-OCT) system , working at 840 nm (B-scan mode). Results. The OCT investigation of the temporo-mandibular joint discs revealed a homogeneous microstructure. The longer wavelength of the TD-OCT offers a higher penetration depth (2,5 mm in air), which is important for the analysis of the pars posterior, while the FD-OCT is much faster. Conclusions: OCT is a promising imaging method for the microstructural characterization of the temporo-mandibular disc.

M?rc?uteanu, Corina; Demjan, Enikö; Sinescu, Cosmin; Negrutiu, Meda; Motoc, Adrian; Lighezan, Rodica; Vasile, Liliana; Hughes, Mike; Bradu, Adrian; Dobre, George; Podoleanu, Adrian G.

2010-02-01

343

Multiplanar CT reconstruction of the jaw: a new way for implant diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For preoperative planning of dental implantations pictorial representations are required that permit to evaluate the size of teeth holes, size and structure of jaw bones, position of the mandibular channel and of the alveolar nerve. Since normal transaxial. CT images do not meet these requirements special secondary reconstructions adapted to jaw anatomy are necessary: -panoramic secondary cuts The cut line follows jaw curvature and represents a similar view as orthopantomographic pictures. (see Fig.1) -oblique secondary cuts That are plane cuts perpendicular to the panoramic cut line. (see Fig.2)

Gursky, S.; Wittek, Werner; Wilke, Walter; Schulz, H.; Lieberenz, S.

1990-11-01

344

Utility of high density porous polyethylene implants in maxillofacial surgery.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper was to determine the utility of high density porous polyethylene implants (HDPE) in a variety of facial skeletal deformities. Sixteen patients (age range 14-28 years) with facial deformities requiring skeletal defect reconstruction or augmentation, treated between January 2008 and December 2010. The follow-up of the patients ranged from 6 months to 2 years.The types of deformities and defects treated include: one patient each with hemifacial microsomia and nasal tip correction, two patients each with malar deformities and orbital floor reconstruction, three patients with paranasal deformities and mandibular hypoplasia and four patients with chin augmentation. A total of 24 implants were placed. The complications included infection and wound dehiscence in one patient. The implants were palpable extraorally in two patients. It is concluded that HDPE is an excellent alternative to autogenous grafts for facial skeletal augmentation. Its porous nature, excellent soft tissue growth and coverage are the advantages and disadvantages include its rigidity and sometimes it is palpable extraorally. PMID:24644395

Rai, Anshul; Datarkar, Abhay; Arora, Aakash; Adwani, D G

2014-03-01

345

Biomechanical influence of crown-to-implant ratio on stress distribution over internal hexagon short implant: 3-D finite element analysis with statistical test.  

PubMed

The study of short implants is relevant to the biomechanics of dental implants, and research on crown increase has implications for the daily clinic. The aim of this study was to analyze the biomechanical interactions of a singular implant-supported prosthesis of different crown heights under vertical and oblique force, using the 3-D finite element method. Six 3-D models were designed with Invesalius 3.0, Rhinoceros 3D 4.0, and Solidworks 2010 software. Each model was constructed with a mandibular segment of bone block, including an implant supporting a screwed metal-ceramic crown. The crown height was set at 10, 12.5, and 15mm. The applied force was 200N (axial) and 100N (oblique). We performed an ANOVA statistical test and Tukey tests; p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. The increase of crown height did not influence the stress distribution on screw prosthetic (p>0.05) under axial load. However, crown heights of 12.5 and 15mm caused statistically significant damage to the stress distribution of screws and to the cortical bone (p<0.001) under oblique load. High crown to implant (C/I) ratio harmed microstrain distribution on bone tissue under axial and oblique loads (p<0.001). Crown increase was a possible deleterious factor to the screws and to the different regions of bone tissue. PMID:25435384

Ramos Verri, Fellippo; Santiago Junior, Joel Ferreira; de Faria Almeida, Daniel Augusto; de Oliveira, Guilherme Bérgamo Brandão; de Souza Batista, Victor Eduardo; Marques Honório, Heitor; Yoshito Noritomi, Pedro; Piza Pellizzer, Eduardo

2015-01-01

346

Considerations of mandibular angle fractures during and after surgery for removal of third molars: a review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Angle fractures are quite common considering that the angle of the mandible forms an area of lower resistance which contains\\u000a a thicker upper border, a thin basilar bone, and the presence of an impacted mandibular third molar. Common complications\\u000a of mandibular third molar surgery include alveolar osteitis (dry socket), secondary infection, nerve dysfunction, and hemorrhage.\\u000a Reports of mandibular fracture during

Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic; Antônio Luís Neto Custódio

2010-01-01

347

Enlargement of mandibular canal without hypesthesia caused by extranodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphomaA case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rare condition of enlargement of the mandibular canal caused by an extra-nodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in a 59-year-old Japanese woman was reported. The patient had a swelling of the hard palate and protrusion of both ocular bulbs, which had been present for 10 years. A panoramic radiograph revealed that the right mandibular canal was widely enlarged, extending from the mandibular

Tetsushi Yamada; Yoshimasa Kitagawa; Toshiyuki Ogasawara; Sachiko Yamamoto; Yasuo Ishii; Yoshimasa Urasaki

2000-01-01

348

Comparison of the position of the mandibular fossa using 3D CBCT in different skeletal frames in human caucasic skulls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  INTRODUCTION: The mandibular fossa (MF) connects the mandible to the cranium through a bilateral articulation. It is suggested\\u000a that the mandible and the temporal bones have a reciprocal effect on their position and movement, acting as a temporo-mandibular\\u000a unit. The purpose of this study was to analyze the possible role of the mandibular fossa in the development of malocclusion\\u000a by

C. Basili; H. N. Costa; K. Sasaguri; S. Akimoto; R. Slavicek; S. Sato

2009-01-01

349

Managing esthetic implant complications.  

PubMed

Dental implant success today is judged not only by osseointegration but also by esthetic results. Cosmetic predictability can often be difficult to attain, and esthetic implant failures can be multifactorial. Once esthetic implant failures occur, many cannot be fully corrected. Some complications must be addressed by an interdisciplinary dental team. In this summary of case reports, surgical considerations are provided, including cases of facial asymmetry/recession due to facial implant placement or bone loss resulting from technique/treatment failures, as well as papillary deficiencies. Restorative considerations for correcting failures are also discussed. PMID:22908600

Butler, Bobby; Kinzer, Greggory A

2012-01-01

350

Functional improvement of the mandibular neuromuscular guidance by orthodontic-surgical treatment.  

PubMed

The primary aim of the study was to reveal whether adult patients with skeletal mandibular retrognathism combined with a dental Class II relationship without craniomandibular pain show a characteristic pattern of free mandibular movements compared to patients with a Class I skeletal and dental morphology. The secondary aim was to investigate whether these characteristic structures are subject to change following combined orthodontic-surgical treatment. Free mandibular movements were measured with an ultrasound device and analyzed with computer software developed by the authors. In all patients examined, 2 maxillarily and mandibularly fixed axes were found. These axes have no direct relation to the temporomandibular joints, are positioned above and anterior to the joints and maintain a constant distance. This gear system is referred to as a neuromuscularly determined dimeric link chain. The position of the mandible is defined by the rotational angle mu and the inclination angle alpha around the axes of the dimeric link chain. This dimeric link chain of free movements of patients with Class I skeletal and dental relationship functions according to the principle of least action: The angular velocities around the 2 axes show a constant ratio within the different segments of motion, and in the mu-alpha diagrams the segments of mandibular movements are represented by straight lines, the shortest paths between 2 positions. Individual cases and statistical data show that the structure of mandibular movements of patients with skeletal mandibular retrognathism combines with a dental Class II relationship without craniomadibular pain differs significantly from that of patients with Class I alignment. Mandibular retrognathism and a Class II relationship are accompanied by marked coordination disturbances in the rotary movements around the maxillary and mandibular neuromuscular axes. Following orthodontic-surgical treatment to restore ideal alignment of the occlusal, articular, and skeletal structures, the patients showed a similar pattern in the structure of mandibular movements to that of patients with Class I sketal and dental relationships. Thus, combined orthodontic-surgical treatment leads to measurable functional hamonization not only of the skeletal and dental structures but also of the neuromuscular guidance system. PMID:11227206

Schwestka-Polly, R; Ihlow, D; Kubein-Meesenburg, D; Fanghänel, J; Nägerl, H

2001-01-01

351

Use of Forsus fatigue-resistant device in a patient with Class I malocclusion and mandibular incisor agenesis.  

PubMed

Orthodontic treatment in patients with congenitally missing teeth can be challenging. In this case report, we describe the treatment of a 15-year-old girl with mild dental crowding and 2 congenitally missing mandibular incisors. The Forsus fatigue-resistant device was used to move the mandible and the mandibular teeth forward. A new balanced and stable occlusion was achieved after treatment. When the treatment plan includes moving the mandibular teeth forward in a patient with mandibular incisor agenesis, the profile and the skeletal and dental features should be carefully scrutinized to ensure that balanced and esthetic results are achieved. PMID:24880853

Zhang, Ruofang; Bai, Yuxing; Li, Song

2014-06-01

352

Hydroxyapatite cement as a filler for cavitary mandibular defects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydroxyapatite cement, which has several advantages when compared with other biomaterials, was used to reconstruct a cavity in the mandible resulting from extraction of two impacted teeth. The patient was followed up for 2 years and plain radiographs revealed no loss or resorption of the implant material. With the positive results of this clinical experience, hydroxyapatite cement now seems to

Reha Yavuzer; Ian T. Jackson

2001-01-01

353

Correction of Mandibular Retrognathia and Laterognathia by Distraction Osteogenesis: Follow up of 5 cases  

PubMed Central

This article evaluates the use of distraction osteogenesis in the treatment of mandibular retrognathia and laterognathia and the long term treatment results of the patients treated with this technique. The procedure was carried out in 5 subjects (3 males and 2 females, mean age 18.4 years) aged between 14 years and 27 years. In patients treated with bilateral mandibular distraction, it was observed that the ANB angle decreased by a mean of 5°, the mandibular corpus length increased by a mean of 14.5 mm and the overjet decreased by a mean of 12.2 mm after treatment. In patients treated with unilateral mandibular distraction, a mean of 3.5° reduction was achieved in ANB angle, the mandibular corpus length increased by a mean of 5.5 mm and a mean of 7 mm correction was achieved in relation to craniofacial midline with treatment. One of these patients showed an increase of 10 mm in ramus height on the affected side and a decrease of 5° in gonial angle whereas the other one showed an increase of 12.5° in gonial angle and an increase of 11 mm in ramus height on the affected side after treatment. The most significant long term relapse was observed in one of the patients treated with bilateral mandibular distraction. Long term relapse seen in the rest of the patients was within clinically acceptable limits. It can be concluded that distraction of the deformed mandible is a feasible and effective technique for treating mandibular retrognathia and laterognathia. However, it must be borne in mind that accurate placement of the distractors and determining the correct distraction vector are crucial factors that have an influence on long term clinical success. PMID:19826608

Dolanmaz, Dogan; Karaman, Ali Ihya; Gurel, Hakan Gurcan; Kalayci, Abdullah; Kucukkolbasi, Hasan; Usumez, Serdar

2009-01-01

354

Correction of Mandibular Retrognathia and Laterognathia by Distraction Osteogenesis: Follow up of 5 cases.  

PubMed

This article evaluates the use of distraction osteogenesis in the treatment of mandibular retrognathia and laterognathia and the long term treatment results of the patients treated with this technique. The procedure was carried out in 5 subjects (3 males and 2 females, mean age 18.4 years) aged between 14 years and 27 years. In patients treated with bilateral mandibular distraction, it was observed that the ANB angle decreased by a mean of 5 degrees , the mandibular corpus length increased by a mean of 14.5 mm and the overjet decreased by a mean of 12.2 mm after treatment. In patients treated with unilateral mandibular distraction, a mean of 3.5 degrees reduction was achieved in ANB angle, the mandibular corpus length increased by a mean of 5.5 mm and a mean of 7 mm correction was achieved in relation to craniofacial midline with treatment. One of these patients showed an increase of 10 mm in ramus height on the affected side and a decrease of 5 degrees in gonial angle whereas the other one showed an increase of 12.5 degrees in gonial angle and an increase of 11 mm in ramus height on the affected side after treatment. The most significant long term relapse was observed in one of the patients treated with bilateral mandibular distraction. Long term relapse seen in the rest of the patients was within clinically acceptable limits. It can be concluded that distraction of the deformed mandible is a feasible and effective technique for treating mandibular retrognathia and laterognathia. However, it must be borne in mind that accurate placement of the distractors and determining the correct distraction vector are crucial factors that have an influence on long term clinical success. PMID:19826608

Dolanmaz, Dogan; Karaman, Ali Ihya; Gurel, Hakan Gurcan; Kalayci, Abdullah; Kucukkolbasi, Hasan; Usumez, Serdar

2009-10-01

355

Implant identification system.  

PubMed

Osseointegrated oral implantology has become a widespread option of dental care. A universal system of implant identification is required to enable dentists, patients and participating third parties to accurately identify a particular implant and historically record and follow its bio-clinical status. A simple system, based on the existing FDI two-digit tooth identification system is presented. PMID:10858743

Colgan, P J

1999-04-01

356

Implantable CMOS Biomedical Devices  

PubMed Central

The results of recent research on our implantable CMOS biomedical devices are reviewed. Topics include retinal prosthesis devices and deep-brain implantation devices for small animals. Fundamental device structures and characteristics as well as in vivo experiments are presented. PMID:22291554

Ohta, Jun; Tokuda, Takashi; Sasagawa, Kiyotaka; Noda, Toshihiko

2009-01-01

357

Batteryless implanted echosonometer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Miniature ultrasonic echosonometer implanted within laboratory animals obtains energy from RF power oscillator that is electronically transduced via induction loop to power receiving loop located just under animal's skin. Method of powering device offers significant advantages over those in which battery is part of implanted package.

Kojima, G. K.

1977-01-01

358

Study of interface phenomena between bone and titanium and alumina surfaces in the case of monolithic and composite dental implants.  

PubMed

The interface between mandibular bone and dental implants was examined with the in vivo dog model. Implant/bone interfaces were investigated for three types of materials: Ti-30 wt% Ta/Al2O3, titanium and Al2O3 using microscopy techniques covering a large magnification range: scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and Auger spectroscopy. During the interaction of the Al2O3 ceramic with bone, an interfacial layer about 15 microm thick is formed. The same phenomenon was observed at the titanium bone interface, where the thickness of the layer was about 10 microm. In all cases, interface layers were sharp with well-defined borders between bone tissue and implant materials. No calcification took place inside the interface layer. A chemical analysis performed on this layer shows the presence of titanium, calcium and phosphorus in the case of titanium implants, and aluminium, calcium and phosphorus in the case of alumina implants. A rapid decrease in metal composition with increasing distances from the implant surface is correlated to a slow increase in calcium and phosphorus in the direction of the bone. Direct contact between implant and bone was observed. No biocorrosive effects were detected at the Ti-30 wt% Ta/Al2O3 metal-ceramic interface. PMID:15348830

Korn, D; Soyez, G; Elssner, G; Petzow, G; Brès, E F; d'Hoedt, B; Schulte, W

1997-10-01

359

Effects of Edentulism on Mandibular Morphology: Evaluation of Panoramic Radiographs  

PubMed Central

Purpose. The objective of this study was to evaluate morphological changes of the mandible in edentulous and dentate subjects using panoramic radiographs. Materials and Methods. Panoramic radiographs were divided into the following three groups: Group I (completely edentulous group), Group II (old dentate group) and Group III (young dentate group). The research parameters of gonial angle, condylar height, ramus height, ramus notch depth, and antegonial notch depth were measured on panoramic radiographs. The Kruskal-Wallis statistical test was used to determine significant differences in mandibular morphological parameters among the three groups. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the subgroups. Results. Significant differences were found only in ramus height between three groups. According to the Mann-Whitney U test, a significant difference was exhibited among Groups I and II in the ramus height parameter. No significant differences were found in the gonial angle, condylar height, ramus notch depth, or antegonial notch depth when comparing the young dentate, old dentate, and completely edentulous subjects. Conclusions. Significant differences were found only in ramus height between the groups. Ramus height may be an indicator that changed by years and tooth loss. It must be considered that ramus height can be decreased in edentulism. PMID:25202718

Ok?ayan, R?dvan; Asarkaya, Bayram; Palta, Nizamettin; ?im?ek, ?rfan; Sökücü, Oral; ??man, Eren

2014-01-01

360

Peripheral modulation of worker bee responses to queen mandibular pheromone.  

PubMed

It is generally accepted that young worker bees (Apis mellifera L.) are highly attracted to queen mandibular pheromone (QMP). Our results challenge this widely held view. We have found that unless young workers are exposed to QMP early in adult life, they, like foragers, avoid contact with this pheromone. Our data indicate that responses to QMP are regulated peripherally, at the level of the antennal sensory neurons, and that a window of opportunity exists in which QMP can alter a young bee's response to this critically important pheromone. Exposing young bees to QMP from the time of adult emergence reduces expression in the antennae of the D1-like dopamine receptor gene, Amdop1. Levels of Amdop3 transcript, on the other hand, and of the octopamine receptor gene Amoa1, are significantly higher in the antennae of bees strongly attracted to QMP than in bees showing no attraction to this pheromone. A decline in QMP attraction with age is accompanied by a fall in expression in worker antennae of the D2-like dopamine receptor, AmDOP3, a receptor that is selectively activated by QMP. Taken together, our findings suggest that QMP's actions peripherally not only suppress avoidance behavior, but also enhance attraction to QMP, thereby facilitating attendance of the queen. PMID:19934051

Vergoz, Vanina; McQuillan, H James; Geddes, Lisa H; Pullar, Kiri; Nicholson, Brad J; Paulin, Michael G; Mercer, Alison R

2009-12-01

361

Effects of hypodontia on craniofacial structures and mandibular growth pattern  

PubMed Central

Introduction This study was performed to examine craniofacial structures in persons with hypodontia and to reveal any differences, that may occur, when agenetic teeth are only found in the maxilla, the mandible or in both jaws. The groups consistent of 50 children (33 girls, 17 boys) aged between 9 and 13.5 years were analyzed and assigned to three subgroups. Group 1 = upper jaw hypodontia. Group 2 = lower jaw hypodontia. Group 3 = hypodontia in both jaws. Materials and methods Eleven angular and three index measurements from lateral encephalographs and two linear measurements from dental blaster casts were calculated. All data was statistically analyzed, parameters with p < 5% were investigated for each subgroup respectively. Results In comparison with standards the study group showed bimaxillary retrognathism and a reduction of the lower anterior facial height. Moreover both overbite and overjet significantly increased. Other values laid within the normal ranges. Evaluating results of the subgroups, differences in the means of SNA, SNB and overjet between the groups were observed. Analysis of the mandibular growth pattern revealed, that neither vertical nor horizontal patterns are dominant in hypodontia patients. Conclusions In certain dentofacial parameters differences between persons with hypodontia and such with full dentition exist. According to our findings agenetic teeth may have a negative influence on the saggital development of a jaw and the lower face and may be responsible for increased overbites. This should receive attention in orthodontic treatment of hypodontia patients. PMID:22142280

2011-01-01

362

Ontogeny of material stiffness heterogeneity in the macaque mandibular corpus.  

PubMed

Evidence is accumulating that bone material stiffness increases during ontogeny, and the role of elastic modulus in conditioning attributes of strength and toughness is therefore a focus of ongoing investigation. Developmental changes in structural properties of the primate mandible have been documented, but comparatively little is known about changes in material heterogeneity and their impact on biomechanical behavior. We examine a cross-sectional sample of Macaca fascicularis (N?=?14) to investigate a series of hypotheses that collectively evaluate whether the patterning of material stiffness (elastic modulus) heterogeneity in the mandible differs among juvenile, subadult and adult individuals. Because differences in age-related activity patterns are known to influence bone stiffness and strength, these data are potentially useful for understanding the relationship between feeding behavior on the one hand and material and structural properties of the mandible on the other. Elastic modulus is shown to be spatially dependent regardless of age, with this dependence being explicable primarily by differences in alveolar versus basal cortical bone. Elastic modulus does not differ consistently between buccal and lingual cortical plates, despite likely differences in the biomechanical milieu of these regions. Since we found only weak support for the hypothesis that the spatial patterning of heterogeneity becomes more predictable with age, accumulated load history may not account for regional differences in bone material properties in mature individuals with respect to the mandibular corpus. PMID:24282152

Daegling, David J; Granatosky, Michael C; McGraw, W Scott

2014-02-01

363

Graphene for Biomedical Implants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we used graphene, a one-atom thick sheet of carbon atoms, to modify the surfaces of existing implant materials to enhance both bio- and hemo-compatibility. This novel effort meets all functional criteria for a biomedical implant coating as it is chemically inert, atomically smooth and highly durable, with the potential for greatly enhancing the effectiveness of such implants. Specifically, graphene coatings on nitinol, a widely used implant and stent material, showed that graphene coated nitinol (Gr-NiTi) supports excellent smooth muscle and endothelial cell growth leading to better cell proliferation. We further determined that the serum albumin adsorption on Gr-NiTi is greater than that of fibrinogen, an important and well understood criterion for promoting a lower thrombosis rate. These hemo-and biocompatible properties and associated charge transfer mechanisms, along with high strength, chemical inertness and durability give graphene an edge over most antithrombogenic coatings for biomedical implants and devices.

Moore, Thomas; Podila, Ramakrishna; Alexis, Frank; Rao, Apparao

2013-03-01

364

A Prospective Study of Strut versus Miniplate for Fractures of Mandibular Angle  

PubMed Central

This prospective randomized clinical trial compared the treatment outcomes of strut plate and Champy miniplate in fixation of mandibular angle fractures. Patients with mandibular angle fracture were consented and enrolled into this study. Exclusion criteria include patients with severely comminuted fractures. The patients were randomly assigned to receive the strut plate or Champy miniplate for angle fracture fixation. Patient demographics, fracture characteristics, operative and postoperative outcomes were collected prospectively. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the significance of the outcome. A total of 18 patients were included in this study and randomly assigned to receive either the strut plate or Champy miniplate. Out of which five patients were excluded postoperatively due to complex fracture resulting in postoperative maxillomandibular fixation. The final enrollment was 13 patients, N = 6 (strut) and N = 7 (Champy). There was no statistically significant difference in the pretreatment variables. Nine of these patients had other associated facial fractures, including parasymphyseal and subcondylar fractures. Most of the (11) patients had sufficient follow-up after surgery. Both groups exhibited successful clinical unions of the mandibular angle fractures. The complications associated with the mandibular angle were 20% in the strut plate group and 16.7% in the Champy group. One patient in the strut plate group had a parasymphyseal infection, requiring hardware removal. The strut plate demonstrated comparable surgical outcome as the Champy miniplate. It is a safe and effective alternative for management of mandibular angle fracture. PMID:24436758

Xue, Amy S.; Koshy, John C.; Wolfswinkel, Erik M.; Weathers, William M.; Marsack, Kristina P.; Hollier, Larry H.

2013-01-01

365

Clinical and radiographic evaluation of biodegradable bone plates in the treatment of mandibular body fractures  

PubMed Central

Background: Many different systems are available for the treatment of fractures ranging from the heavy compression plates for mandibular reconstruction to low profile plates for mid-facial fixation, and are made either from stainless steel, titanium or vitallium. Recently, biodegradable, self-reinforced polylactide plates and screws have been used for the internal fixation of fractures of the mandible with good results. Aim of this study: This study evaluated clinically the biodegradable bone plates for treatment of mandibular body fracture and to evaluate bone healing during the follow-up period using digital radiography. Materials and Methods: Eight patients had been suffered from mandibular body fractures were treated using Inion CPSTM bioresorbable fixation system and the healing process were followed up using digitised panoramic radiography at first week and after 1, 3 and 6 months. Results: Clinical examination of fractured segments revealed stable fixation across the fracture sites while visual and quantitative assessment of radiograph showed healing process was comparable with results previously reported by titanium bone plates. Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation of mandibular fractures using bioresorbable fixation system with a brief period of inter-maxillary fixation have evolved to the point where the physical properties are sufficient to withstand the post-operative loads required for fracture repair of mandibular body fractures. The foreign body reaction is a major material-related problem which requires further studies. PMID:25657494

Elhalawany, Sherin Kamal; Tarakji, Bassel; Azzeghaiby, SN; Alzoghaibi, Ibrahim; Baroudi, Kusai; Nassani, Mohammad Zakaria

2015-01-01

366

Effects of early unilateral mandibular first molar extraction on condylar and ramal vertical asymmetry  

PubMed Central

Objective: The objective of the following study is to investigate the mandibular vertical asymmetry in a group of patients with early unilateral mandibular first molar extractions. Materials and Methods: Mandibular asymmetry index measurements (condylar, ramal and condylar-plus-ramal) were performed on the panoramic radiographs of a study group including 51 patients (mean age: 18.60 ± 1.11 years) and a control group of 51 patients (mean age: 18.53 ± 1.29 years). Group I included patients with a unilateral mandibular first molar extracted before the age of 12 years. Group II included patients with no extractions and had excellent Class I relationships, no missing teeth and slight or moderate anterior crowding. A paired t-test was used to determine possible statistically significant differences between the sides for the measurements. Student's t-test was used for the comparison of asymmetry index values between the groups and genders. Results: No group showed statistically significant sex-or side-specific differences for posterior vertical height measurements. Condylar asymmetry index and ramal asymmetry index measurements were not statistically different between the groups, while condylar-plus-ramal asymmetry index (CRAI) measurements were statistically different between the groups (P = 0.019). Conclusions: A slight difference for CRAI value was found in patients with early unilateral mandibular first molar extractions. PMID:24966767

Halicioglu, Koray; Celikoglu, Mevlut; Buyuk, Suleyman K.; Sekerci, Ahmet E.; Candirli, Celal

2014-01-01

367

Early treatment of severe mandibular hypoplasia with distraction mesenchymogenesis and bilateral free fibula flaps.  

PubMed

The technique of distraction has revolutionized the treatment of mandibular hypoplasia; however, presently large mandibular defects still require bone grafts. Microvascular grafting is commonly used in adults. Conversely, in pediatric reconstruction, nonvascularized rib grafts remain standard. Unfortunately, resorption of nonvascularized bone remains a major issue, particularly when soft tissue is hypoplastic. This case study represents a combination of techniques in the treatment of severe mandibular deficiency, and introduces the concept of distraction mesenchymogenesis. The patient was a 2 1/2-year-old boy with severe bilateral Pruzansky class III mandibular hypoplasia. He had a permanent open mouth posture, an overjet of 23 mm, and was unable to move the lower mandibular segment. His oropharyngeal airway diameter was 2.2 mm and he was tracheostomy dependent. The patient was treated with distraction of the lower jaw mesenchyme followed by bilateral functional free fibular microvascular flaps containing reinnervated muscle. This created a well-vascularized body, ramus, and condyle bilaterally within an adequate soft-tissue envelope. Postoperatively, the overjet was reduced to 5 mm. The patient can now actively move his mandible. Airway diameter increased to 10 mm, and the patient is able to tolerate intermittent tracheostomy plugging. This innovative combination of techniques allows early intervention, limits graft resorption, and improves airway control. PMID:11482618

Stelnicki, E J; Boyd, J B; Nott, R L; Barnavon, Y; Uecker, C; Henson, T

2001-07-01

368

Roles of FGFR3 during morphogenesis of Meckel's cartilage and mandibular bones.  

PubMed

To address the functions of FGFR2 and FGFR3 signaling during mandibular skeletogenesis, we over-expressed in the developing chick mandible, replication-competent retroviruses carrying truncated FGFR2c or FGFR3c that function as dominant negative receptors (RCAS-dnFGFR2 and RCAS-dnFGFR3). Injection of RCAS-dnFGFR3 between HH15 and 20 led to reduced proliferation, increased apoptosis, and decreased differentiation of chondroblasts in Meckel's cartilage. These changes resulted in the formation of a hypoplastic mandibular process and truncated Meckel's cartilage. This treatment also affected the proliferation and survival of osteoprogenitor cells in osteogenic condensations, leading to the absence of five mandibular bones on the injected side. Injection of RCAS-dnFGFR2 between HH15 and 20 or RCAS-dnFGFR3 at HH26 did not affect the morphogenesis of Meckel's cartilage but resulted in truncations of the mandibular bones. RCAS-dnFGFR3 affected the proliferation and survival of the cells within the periosteum and osteoblasts. Together these results demonstrate that FGFR3 signaling is required for the elongation of Meckel's cartilage and FGFR2 and FGFR3 have roles during intramembranous ossification of mandibular bones. PMID:18339367

Havens, Bruce A; Velonis, Dimitris; Kronenberg, Mark S; Lichtler, Alex C; Oliver, Bonnie; Mina, Mina

2008-04-15

369

Mandibular cephalometric characteristics of a Saudi sample of patients having impacted third molars  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the cephalometric characteristics of mandibles of Saudi patients having impacted third molars and to compare them to those of patients having normally erupted third molars. Material and methods One hundred and twenty-one Saudi adult subjects (59 females and 62 males; age: 20–40 years) were divided into two groups based on the status of the mandibular third molars: (1) impaction group and (2) normal group. Means and standard deviations of 21 cephalometric measurements related to mandibular geometry were measured and compared between the two groups using the unpaired t-test. Males and females in the impaction group were also compared with their equivalent subgroups in the normal group using the unpaired t-test. Results Anteroposteriorly, space distal to second molar, ramal width and mandibular body length were significantly less in the impaction group than in the control group. In addition, posterior teeth were more upright in the impaction group. Vertically, posterior alveolar height was significantly less in the impaction group. The Y-axis was significantly increased in the impaction group. The significance of these measurements was variable between males and females. Conclusions Third-molar impactions in the Saudis living in the Western region of Saudi Arabia were more likely to occur when inadequate retromolar space is present. This can be attributed to certain mandibular skeletal and dental features, among which the increased width of mandibular ramus and backward inclination of posterior teeth seem to be the most influencing factors in both sexes. PMID:23960502

Hassan, Ali H.

2010-01-01

370

Role of mandibular displacement and airway size in improving breathing after rapid maxillary expansion  

PubMed Central

Background Oral breathing and maxillary deficiency are often associated with steep mandibular plane angle, and retrognathic mandible compared with the faces of healthy controls. Some studies suggested that after rapid maxillary expansion, improvement in nasal breathing and repositioning of mandible with transitory increasing of facial height and, in some cases, spontaneous forward repositioning might occur. The abovementioned mandibular effects could contribute to enlarge oropharynx volume with repositioning of tongue and soft palate with an improvement of upper airway volume after treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate by cone beam computed tomography the role of oropharyngeal volume and mandibular position changes after rapid maxillary expansion in patients showing improved breathing pattern confirmed by polysomnography exam. Methods The final sample of this retrospective study comprised 14 Caucasian patients (mean age 7.6 years) who undergone rapid maxillary expansion with Haas-type expander banded on second deciduous upper molars. Cone beam computed tomography scans and polysomnography exams were collected before placing the appliance (T0) and after 12 months (T1). Mandibular landmarks localization and airway semiautomatic segmentation on cone beam computed tomography scans allowed airway volume computing and measurements. Results No significant differences were found between oropharyngeal airway changes and mandibular displacement after rapid maxillary expansion in growing patients. Conclusions The suggested improvement in upper airway and breathing after rapid maxillary expansion should be further related to different compartments of airway such as rhinopharynx and nasal cavity. PMID:24934328

2014-01-01

371

Root and Canal Morphology of Mandibular Third Molars in an Iranian Population  

PubMed Central

Background and aims A through knowledge of the root canal morphology is required for successful endodontic ther-apy. The aim of this study was to investigate the root and canal morphology of mandibular third molars in Kerman, a prov-ince in southeast of Iran. Materials and methods One-hundred-fifty extracted mandibular third molars were collected randomly from different dental clinics in Kerman. The root canal anatomy and morphology of each tooth was carefully studied using a clearing tech-nique. Root number and morphology, number of canals per root, root canal configuration according to Vertucci classifica-tion, and incidence of dilacerated roots and C-shaped canals in mandibular third molars were evaluated under stereomicro-scope with ×2 to ×3 magnifications. Results From the total of 150 mandibular third molars studied, 21% had one root. The majority of teeth (73%) had two roots. 5.5% of the teeth had three roots. The incidence of C-shaped canal was 3.5% in this study and 8% of the teeth had at least one dilacerated root. Conclusion Although root canal anatomy and morphology of mandibular third molars is very variable having two roots seems to be the normal anatomy for these teeth. PMID:22991643

Kuzekanani, Maryam; Haghani, Jahangir; Nosrati, Hossein

2012-01-01

372

Comparison of the Mandibular Bone Densitometry Measurement Between Normal, Osteopenic and Osteoporotic Postmenopausal Women  

PubMed Central

Objective: This study was conducted to compare the mandibular bone density between postmenopausal women with normal skeletal bone mass density (BMD) and those with low skeletal BMD using digital panoramic radiographs. Materials and Methods: One hundred fifteen postmenopausal women were divided into normal and osteoporotic/osteopenic groups. Digital panoramic radiographs were prepared using Digora PCT Sorodex equipment and Promax panoramic X-ray unit (Planmeca, Helsinki, Finland, Kvp=68 and mA=9). The mandibular bone density of an area (approximately 4×4 mm), exactly near the distal edge of the right mental foramen was determined in digital panoramic radiographs using Digora for Windows (DfW) Software. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in mandibular bone density between the normal and osteoporotic/osteopenic participants (P >0.05). Mandibular bone density was not statistically different in normal and osteoporotic individuals with SBMD or FBMD T-score -2.5 (P >0.05). Density of the region of interest differed significantly between the normal and the osteoporotic group with SBMD and FBMD T-score -2.5 (P <0.05). The same results also gained in women who were osteoporotic only in the femoral region (P <0.05). Conclusion: Mandibular bone density in subjects with low BMD was related to FBMD. So, digital panoramic radiographs could be beneficial in the diagnosis of postmenopausal women who are at risk of osteoporosis. PMID:25512746

Khojastehpour, Leila; Mogharrabi, Sara; Dabbaghmanesh, Mohammad Hossein; Iraji Nasrabadi, Nariman

2013-01-01

373

Anatomical study of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars by analysis of computed tomography.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and configuration of the C-shaped canal using serial axial computed tomography images of the mandibular second molars that had not been restored severely or treated endodontically, and to compare the thickness of the remaining tooth structure from the center of the canal to the outer surface of the deepest groove area in C-shaped mandibular second molar to that of "danger zone of perforation" in normal mandibular second molar. This distance was measured at the cervical, middle, and apical third level each. From 220 teeth, C-shaped canals were found in 98 teeth (44.5%). Almost all the grooves were directed lingual (99%). The continuous C-shaped canal was the most frequently found (49%) and the separated canal was the least (17.4%). The thinnest remaining tooth structure in the groove area of the C-shaped mandibular second molar was not different from that of the danger zone of normal mandibular second molar at the three levels (p > 0.05). PMID:16410060

Jin, Guang-Chun; Lee, Seong-Jong; Roh, Byoung-Duck

2006-01-01

374

Association between mandibular posterior alveolar morphology and growth pattern in a Chinese population with normal occlusion*  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate the relationship between growth patterns and mandibular posterior tooth-alveolar bone complex morphology in a Chinese population with normal occlusion. Methods: Forty-five patients with normal occlusion (23 males, 22 females) were included in this study. Among these patients, 20 displayed the vertical growth pattern, and 20 had the horizontal growth pattern, while the remaining patients displayed the average growth pattern. All of the patients underwent dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), which included the region of the mandibular posterior teeth and the alveolar. A linear regression analysis and a correlation analysis between the facial height index (FHI) and the alveolar bone morphology were performed. Results: The inclination of the molars, the thickness of the cortical bone, and the height of the mandibular bone differed significantly between patients with the horizontal growth pattern and those with the vertical growth pattern (P<0.05). Significant positive correlations were found between: the FHI and the inclination of the molars; the FHI and the thickness of the cortical bone; and the FHI and the height of the mandibular bone. Conclusions: The mandibular posterior tooth-alveolar bone complex morphology may be affected by growth patterns. PMID:23303628

Han, Min; Wang, Rong-yang; Liu, Hong; Zhu, Xiu-juan; Wei, Fu-lan; Lv, Tao; Wang, Na-na; Hu, Li-hua; Li, Guo-ju; Liu, Dong-xu; Wang, Chun-ling

2013-01-01

375

TMJ response to mandibular advancement surgery: an overview of risk factors  

PubMed Central

Objective In order to understand the conflicting information on temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pathophysiologic responses after mandibular advancement surgery, an overview of the literature was proposed with a focus on certain risk factors. Methods A literature search was carried out in the Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases in the period from January 1980 through March 2013. Various combinations of keywords related to TMJ changes [disc displacement, arthralgia, condylar resorption (CR)] and aspects of surgical intervention (fixation technique, amount of advancement) were used. A hand search of these papers was also carried out to identify additional articles. Results A total of 148 articles were considered for this overview and, although methodological troubles were common, this review identified relevant findings which the practitioner can take into consideration during treatment planning: 1- Surgery was unable to influence TMJ with preexisting displaced disc and crepitus; 2- Clicking and arthralgia were not predictable after surgery, although there was greater likelihood of improvement rather than deterioration; 3- The amount of mandibular advancement and counterclockwise rotation, and the rigidity of the fixation technique seemed to influence TMJ position and health; 4- The risk of CR increased, especially in identified high-risk cases. Conclusions Young adult females with mandibular retrognathism and increased mandibular plane angle are susceptible to painful TMJ, and are subject to less improvement after surgery and prone to CR. Furthermore, thorough evidenced-based studies are required to understand the response of the TMJ after mandibular advancement surgery. PMID:24626243

VALLADARES-NETO, José; CEVIDANES, Lucia Helena; ROCHA, Wesley Cabral; ALMEIDA, Guilherme de Araújo; de PAIVA, João Batista; RINO-NETO, José

2014-01-01

376

Dental Implant Systems  

PubMed Central

Among various dental materials and their successful applications, a dental implant is a good example of the integrated system of science and technology involved in multiple disciplines including surface chemistry and physics, biomechanics, from macro-scale to nano-scale manufacturing technologies and surface engineering. As many other dental materials and devices, there are crucial requirements taken upon on dental implants systems, since surface of dental implants is directly in contact with vital hard/soft tissue and is subjected to chemical as well as mechanical bio-environments. Such requirements should, at least, include biological compatibility, mechanical compatibility, and morphological compatibility to surrounding vital tissues. In this review, based on carefully selected about 500 published articles, these requirements plus MRI compatibility are firstly reviewed, followed by surface texturing methods in details. Normally dental implants are placed to lost tooth/teeth location(s) in adult patients whose skeleton and bony growth have already completed. However, there are some controversial issues for placing dental implants in growing patients. This point has been, in most of dental articles, overlooked. This review, therefore, throws a deliberate sight on this point. Concluding this review, we are proposing a novel implant system that integrates materials science and up-dated surface technology to improve dental implant systems exhibiting bio- and mechano-functionalities. PMID:20480036

Oshida, Yoshiki; Tuna, Elif B.; Aktören, Oya; Gençay, Koray

2010-01-01

377

Mobility implants: a review.  

PubMed

We present a brief review of mobility implants, their contribution, and the experiences derived after almost 40 years since the new concepts of full mobility implants were introduced. In early 1940, experiments with a new material for the making of plastic artificial eyes was also being considered for the making of orbital implants. Methyl-methacrylate (MMA) had proven inert and satisfactory for dental products. The Surgeon Generals office of the Armed Services encouraged further research and experimental work in the development of plastic eyes. The success of the new material sponsored the beginning of great expansion with new concepts for orbital implants. Through a period of more than a decade, the design and types of implants went through three stages. First, the buried implant was introduced, then the exposed integrated followed, and the buried integrated subsequently followed. The path of progress was not smooth. Theoretically correct designs and surgical procedures met unexpected practical difficulties for the ophthalmic surgeon, the patient, and the eye maker. Surgical and technical efforts were carefully reviewed to eliminate the problems encountered, only to have further unforeseen complications arise. Infections, extrusions, and migration of the implant were not uncommon. The exposed integrated implant was eventually abandoned. However, there were some extraordinary successes of mobility. A new era introduced fully buried mobility implants that were more successful. However, this procedure also produced some problems, causing infection (or allergy), extrusion, and migration. Tantalum mesh and gauze gave great promise with the inception of their use. Orbital tissue grew into the material in an astonishing way, making it possible to secure the extraocular muscles and tenons.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2248721

Danz, W

1990-01-01

378

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation  

PubMed Central

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was developed to offer a therapeutic solution to patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who are not candidates for conventional aortic valve replacement. The improvement in transcatheter aortic valve implantation outcomes is still of concern in the areas of stroke, vascular injury, heart block, paravalvular regurgitation and valve durability. Concomitantly, the progress, both technical and in terms of material advances of transcatheter valve systems, as well as in patient selection, renders transcatheter aortic valve implantation an increasingly viable treatment for more and more patients with structural heart disease. PMID:25374670

Oliemy, Ahmed

2014-01-01

379

Severe open bite due to traumatic condylar fractures treated nonsurgically with implanted miniscrew anchorage.  

PubMed

This case report illustrates the use of miniscrews to treat a patient with an open bite caused by mandibular condylar fractures. The patient was 36 years old when she visited our hospital with a chief complaint of difficulty with chewing. She had suffered condylar and maxillary bone fractures in a traffic accident 6 months before her visit. She had an anterior open bite and Angle Class II molar relationships. Her mandibular midline was deviated to the right relative to the maxilla. The cephalometric analysis showed a skeletal Class II relationship. Titanium miniscrews were implanted in the bilateral maxillary buccal areas. The maxillary dentition was retracted and intruded by using elastomeric chains and miniscrews. After this treatment, an Angle Class I molar relationship was achieved, her overjet and overbite became ideal, and a good facial appearance was obtained. The total active orthodontic treatment period was 33 months. Treating an open bite with molar intrusion often leads to counterclockwise rotation of the mandible; however, in this patient, the mandible was moved anteriorly and upward. We believe that this movement was caused by the patient's condylar fractures and the subsequent remodeling. Although there was some relapse, our results suggest that implant anchorage is useful for correcting anterior open bites originating from condylar fractures. PMID:23540631

Yanagita, Takeshi; Adachi, Rie; Kamioka, Hiroshi; Yamashiro, Takashi

2013-04-01

380

Effect of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell in peri-implant bone defect after immediate implant: an experiment study in beagle dogs  

PubMed Central

Background: For the sake of reducing post extraction resorption, getting optimal positioning of the implant and shortening treatment time, immediate implant placement following tooth extraction has been proposed as a treatment option. However, the large bone defect peri-implant has a negative influence on the process of bone healing. In this study, umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) were transplanted into the bone defect peri-implant in beagle dogs and the effect of UCMSCs on bone regeneration in peri-implant were assessed. Methods: The mandibular second, third and fourth premolars of 8 beagle dogs were extracted bilaterally. The defects in one side were filled with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and then UCMSCs were injected into the defect area, while the defects in the other side were filled with PRF only as control group. The titanium implant was placed into the distal root socket of each extracted tooth. The animals were sacrificed at week 2, 4 and 8 post operation. The bone defects adjacent to the implant which are 4 mm in height, 4 mm in the mesio-distal direction and 3.5 mm in the bucco-lingual direction were made after immediate implant. Histomorphometric analysis was performed using methylene blue-fuchsin acid staining and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining to evaluate bone regeneration. Results: The direct bone-to-implant contact (BIC) in the experiment after 4 and 8 weeks was 56.47 ± 1.18% and 76.23 ± 2.08%; and in the control group was40.79 ± 0.65% and 61.17 ± 2.79%, respectively. The percentage of newly formed bone after 2, 4 and 8 weeks was 17.60 ± 1.5%, 49.82 ± 4.02% and 67.16 ± 2.1% in experiment group; and in control group 14.30 ± 1.25%, 37.04 ± 2.29% and 58.83 ± 3.36%, respectively. These results represented significant differences statistically. Conclusion: Intra-bone marrow injection of UCMSCs can promote new bone formation. UCMSCs can be used to as excellent seed cells to repair the large defect peri-implant after immediate implant. PMID:25550923

Hao, Peng-Jie; Wang, Zhi-Guo; Xu, Quan-Chen; Xu, Sheng; Li, Zhuo-Ri; Yang, Pi-Shan; Liu, Zhong-Hao

2014-01-01

381

Effect of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell in peri-implant bone defect after immediate implant: an experiment study in beagle dogs  

PubMed Central

Background: For the sake of reducing post extraction resorption, getting optimal positioning of the implant and shortening treatment time, immediate implant placement following tooth extraction has been proposed as a treatment option. However, the large bone defect peri-implant has a negative influence on the process of bone healing. In this study, umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) were transplanted into the bone defect peri-implant inbeagle dogs and the effect of UCMSCs on bone regeneration in peri-implant were assessed. Methods: The mandibular second, third and fourth premolars of 8 beagle dogs were extracted bilaterally. The defects in one side were filled with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and then UCMSCs were injected into the defect area, while the defects in the other side were filled with PRF only as control group. The titanium implant was placed into the distal root socket of each extracted tooth. The animals were sacrificed at week 2, 4 and 8 post operative. The bone defects adjacent to the implant which are 4 mm in height, 4 mm in the mesio-distal direction and 3.5 mm in the bucco-lingual direction were made after immediate implant. Histomorphometric analysis was performed using methylene blue-fuchsin acid staining and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining to evaluate bone regeneration. Results: The direct bone-to-implant contact (BIC) in the experiment after 4 and 8 weeks was 56.47±1.18% and 76.23±2.08%; and in the control group was40.79±0.65% and 61.17±2.79%, respectively. The percentage of newly formed bone after 2, 4 and 8 weeks was 17.60±1.5%, 49.82±4.02% and 67.16±2.1% in experiment group; and in control group 14.30±1.25%, 37.04±2.29% and 58.83±3.36%, respectively. These results represented significant differences statistically. Conclusion: Intra-bone marrow injection of UCMSCs can promote new bone formation. UCMSCs can be used to as excellent seed cells to repair the large defect peri-implant after immediate implant. PMID:25550885

Hao, Peng-Jie; Wang, Zhi-Guo; Xu, Quan-Chen; Xu, Sheng; Li, Zhuo-Ri; Yang, Pi-Shan; Liu, Zhong-Hao

2014-01-01

382

External mandibular distraction in unusual pediatric syndromes with micrognathia and airway obstruction.  

PubMed

Mandibular hypoplasia is a craniofacial malformation that can cause airway obstruction and may affect the eating process. This anomaly is common in many polimalformed Syndromes, including the Pierre Robin Sequence and the Moebius Syndrome. It is also common in cases related to the dysgenesis of the brainstem. In order to avoid tracheostomy, or to allow for early decannulation in severely affected children, external distraction devices were employed in 3 clinical cases to repair mandibular deficiencies. A successful external mandibular distraction induces the removal of the airway obstruction, allowing spontaneous ventilation without devices, an independent eating process with no need of nasogastric or gastrostomy tubes, apart from the linguistic and facial asymmetry improvement. PMID:24431888

Oliveira, Ricardo Horta; Marques, Marisa; Amarante, José Manuel; Silva, Alvaro

2013-12-01

383

Correction of mandibular deficiency by inverted-L osteotomy of ramus and iliac crest bone grafting  

PubMed Central

This study was to describe the use of inverted-L osteotomy of ramus and iliac bone graft for the management of mandibular deficiency in adult patients. From 2008 to 2010, 11 patients (aged 19 to 29 years) with mandibular deficiency underwent intraoral or extraoral inverted-L osteotomy of ramus and iliac crest bone grafting. Data were collected from the patients' records, photographs and radiographs. The height and width of the ramus were successfully expanded by inverted-L osteotomy and iliac crest bone grafting with minimal complications in all patients, resulting in significant improvement in occlusion and facial appearance. Our early results showed that the inverted-L osteotomy of ramus and iliac crest bone grafting is safe and effective, and should be considered as a good alternative for the patients with mandibular deficiency. PMID:23258379

Zhu, Song-Song; Feng, Ge; Li, Ji-Hua; Luo, En; Hu, Jing

2012-01-01

384

Use of monocortical miniplates for the intraoral treatment of mandibular fractures.  

PubMed

Fixation of mandibular fractures using rigid hardware has gained wide acceptance over the past 3 decades. The goal of rigid internal fixation is to allow for fracture healing with limited, or no, time in maxillo-mandibular fixation. There has been significant evolution in plate and screw materials and design over the past 30 years. The term miniplate is used to describe a fracture plate with a screw diameter of 2.0 mm or less. With correct diagnosis and understanding of the forces affecting mandible fractures, miniplates can be applied transorally in various situations, allowing for less invasive treatment with open reduction of mandible fractures. This article describes the use of monocortical miniplates for the intraoral treatment of mandibular fractures. PMID:19237124

Chiodo, Thomas A; Milles, Maano

2009-03-01

385

Peculiarities of Employment of Polymeric Miniplates for Mandibular Osteosynthesis: A Preliminary Study  

PubMed Central

Searching for new materials for bone substitution, fixation, and reconstruction is a challenging task that attracts scientists and researchers of different fields of medicine. During the last few decades, much interest has been paid to polymeric materials, polyethylene in particular. The aim of this study is to present generalizations about our own experience in the employment of polyethylene miniplates for the surgical treatment of mandibular fractures. Ninety patients with 139 uni- and bilateral mandibular fractures in different locations were involved. Treatment modalities included open reduction and internal fixation with self-made polyethylene miniplates of straight, T-shaped, Y-shaped, and X-shaped configurations and titanium screws. In 88 (97.8%) cases of surgical treatment of mandibular fractures using polymer miniplates, good anatomical and functional results were achieved. Regardless of the necessity for improvement of some mechanical properties of polyethylene, the results obtained in our clinical investigation allow us to recommend polyethylene miniplates for routine practice. PMID:24436731

Vares, Yan

2013-01-01

386

Aging and food source effects on mandibular stylets teeth wear of phytophagous stink bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae).  

PubMed

Studies were conducted to test the effect of age and food sources on wear of the mandibular teeth of the phytophagous pentatomid, Euschistus heros (F.). The total length (µm) of the area bearing the mandibular teeth, the length of the 1st tooth, and the height of the 2nd tooth for teneral (< 1 day-old) adults were significantly greater than that of adults fed on natural [green bean, Phaseolus vulgaris pods, raw shelled peanuts, Arachis hypogaea, and mature soybean, Glycine max seeds] for 30 or 60 days. Adults fed on artificial dry diet showed, in general, similar results to those of teneral adults. Force (Newtons) required penetrating the natural foods was significantly greater than that required penetrating the artificial diet. The greater hardness of the natural foods caused increased mandibular serration wear. PMID:21271064

Depieri, Rogério A; Siqueira, Fábio; Panizzi, Antônio R

2010-01-01

387

Asymmetry in mesial root number and morphology in mandibular second molars: a case report  

PubMed Central

Ambiguity in the root morphology of the mandibular second molars is quite common. The most common root canal configuration is 2 roots and 3 canals, nonetheless other possibilities may still exist. The presence of accessory roots is an interesting example of anatomic root variation. While the presence of radix entomolaris or radix paramolaris is regarded as a typical clinical finding of a three-rooted mandibular second permanent molar, the occurrence of an additional mesial root is rather uncommon and represents a possibility of deviation from the regular norms. This case report describes successful endodontic management of a three-rooted mandibular second molar presenting with an unusual accessory mesial root, which was identified with the aid of multiangled radiographs and cone-beam computed tomography imaging. This article also discusses the prevalence, etiology, morphological variations, clinical approach to diagnosis, and significance of supernumerary roots in contemporary clinical dentistry. PMID:24516829

Shetty, Shashit; Shekhar, Rhitu

2014-01-01

388

Mandibular condyle and infratemporal fossa reconstruction using vascularized costochondral and calvarial bone grafts  

PubMed Central

There are some difficulties in approaching and removing the lesion in infratemporal fossa because of its anatomical location. After wide excision of tumor lesion, it is also difficult for reconstruction of mandibular condyle and cranium base on infratemporal fossa. Besides, there are some possibilities of cerebrospinal fluid leakage, intracranial infection and bone resorption. It is also challenging for functional reconstruction that allows normal mandibular movement, preventing mandibular condyle from invaginating into the skull. In this report, we present 14-month follow-up results of a patient who had undergone posterior segmental mandibulectomy including condyle and infratemporal calvarial bone and mandible reconstruction with free vascularized costochondral rib and calvarial bone graft to restoration of the temporomandibular joint area. PMID:24868505

Jang, Hyo Won; Kim, Nam-Kyoo; Lee, Won-Sang; Kim, Hyung Jun; Cha, In-Ho

2014-01-01

389

Assessing the mobility of the mandibular condyle by sonography  

PubMed Central

Purpose Traditionally, the measurement of the maximal mouth opening was regarded as the mobility of the temporomandibular joint. The information, however, was not reliable. Sonography was often used to diagnose disc displacement in the temporomandibular joint and its validity was well established. The tool was also appropriate for measuring the outcome of temporomandibular disorders management. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine completely the reliability and error for evaluating the mobility of the mandibular condyle by sonography. In addition, the existing methods were modified to improve the repeatability. Patients and methods The reliability examinations included between-image and within-image explorations to represent the reliabilities of the image capturing and the mobility measuring, respectively. Sixty-two subjects were recruited to receive ultrasonic examination for condylar mobility. The images of the condyle in mouth closing and opening were captured and the horizontal displacement of the condyles was measured as the anterior translation of the condyle. To confirm that the probe did not move during mouth opening, a marker was placed between the skin and the ultrasonic probe as the landmark. Results The results demonstrated that the intrarater and interrater reliabilities in the within-image test were 0.986 and 0.970 and the reliabilities in the between-image test were 0.904 and 0.857, respectively. The standard errors of measurement in the within-image and between-image tests were 0.04 cm and 0.09 cm, respectively. Conclusion Sonography is a reliable tool to assess condylar mobility and can be used to measure the treatment outcome for temporomandibular disorders. PMID:25342888

Chen, Han-Yu; Wu, Shyi-Kuen; Lu, Chuan-Chin; You, Jia-Yuan; Lai, Chung-Liang

2014-01-01

390

Reconstruction of mandibular defects - clinical retrospective research over a 10-year period -  

PubMed Central

Backround Functional and cosmetic defects in the maxillofacial region are caused by various ailments and these defects are addressed according to their need. Simplicity of procedure, intact facial function and esthetic outcome with the least possible donor site morbidity are the minimum requirements of a good reconstruction. Oro-mandibular reconstruction, although a challenge for the head and neck reconstructive surgeon, is now reliable and highly successful with excellent long-term functional and aesthetic outcomes with the use of autogenous bone grafts. Reconstruction of trauma- or mandibular oncologic defects with bony free flaps is considered the gold standard. However the the optimal reconstruction of mandibular defects is still controversial in regards to reconstructive options which include the donor site selection and the timing of surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome of different osseous reconstruction options using autogenous bone grafts for mandibular reconstructions. Methods This study was carried out on 178 patients with mandibular bone defects. They were reconstructed with autogenous bone grafts from different donor sites. At post operative visits they were evaluated for functional and cosmetic results. Results The success rate found in this study was around 90%. Only 7.6% of the cases showed poor results regarding facial contours and mouth opening. All other patients were satisfied with their cosmesis and mouth opening at the recipient sites was in the normal range during last follow-up visits. Donor sites were primarily closed in all cases and there was no hypertrophic scar. Conclusion Based on this study, autogenous bone grafts are a reliable treatment modality for the reconstruction of mandibular bone defects with predictable aesthetic and functional outcomes. As the free vascularized fibular flap has the least resorption and failure rate, it should be the first choice for most cases of mandiblular reconstruction. PMID:21527038

2011-01-01

391

Risk Factors and Dose-Effect Relationship for Mandibular Osteoradionecrosis in Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To analyze risk factors and the dose-effect relationship for osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the mandible after radiotherapy of oral and oropharyngeal cancers. Materials and Methods: One-hundred ninety-eight patients with oral (45%) and oropharyngeal cancer (55%) who had received external radiotherapy between 1990 and 2000 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients had a dental evaluation before radiotherapy. The median radiation dose was 60 Gy (range, 16-75 Gy), and the median biologically effective dose for late effects (BED{sub late}) in bone was 114 Gy{sub 2} (range, 30-167 Gy{sub 2}). Results: The frequency of ORN was 13 patients (6.6%). Among patients with mandibular surgery, eight had ORN at the surgical site. Among patients without mandibular surgery, five patients had ORN on the molar area of the mandible. The median time to ORN was 22 months (range, 1-69 months). Univariate analysis revealed that mandibular surgery and Co-60 were significant risk factors for ORN (p = 0.01 and 0.04, respectively). In multivariate analysis, mandibular surgery was the most important factor (p = 0.001). High radiation doses over BED 102.6 Gy{sub 2} (conventional dose of 54 Gy at 1.8 Gy/fraction) were also a significant factor for ORN (p = 0.008) and showed a positive dose-effect relationship in logistic regression (p = 0.04) for patients who had undergone mandibular surgery. Conclusions: Mandibular surgery was the most significant risk factor for ORN of mandible in oral and oropharyngeal cancers patients. A BED of 102.6 Gy{sub 2} or higher to the mandible also significantly increases the risk of ORN.

Lee, Ik Jae; Koom, Woong Sub [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Chang Geol, E-mail: cglee1023@yuhs.a [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Bae; Yoo, Sei Whan; Keum, Ki Chang; Kim, Gwi Eon [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Eun Chang [Department of Otolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cha, In Ho [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2009-11-15

392

Wrapping hydroxyapatite implants.  

PubMed

Hydroxyapatite (HA) implants currently are most commonly wrapped in fresh unprocessed human donor sclera before implantation to facilitate entry into the orbital space and allow extraocular muscle attachment. Autologous temporalis fascia or autologous fascia lata are alternatives, but prolong surgery time and require a second operative site. Recently, a number of other wraps, such as processed human pericardium, processed human fascia lata, processed human sclera, bovine pericardium and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene [e-PTFE], have being marketed. Although they also facilitate implant placement, they can be costly. Polygalactin (Vicryl, Ethicon, Somerville, NJ) mesh is another readily available wrap that is easy to use and cost effective. To obtain a high success rate with this wrap, the polygalactin mesh wrapped HA implant must be moistened and seated into the orbit properly. If it is not, exposure may occur, which may explain why some surgeons shy away from its use. The proper technique is reviewed in this paper. PMID:10334031

Jordan, D R; Klapper, S R

1999-05-01

393

Risks of Breast Implants  

MedlinePLUS

... a 29-year- old woman 7 years after placement of silicone gel-filled breast implants. Photo courtesy ... stresses such as trauma or intense physical pressure Placement through a non-FDA approved incision site, for ...

394

Visible Embryo: Implantation begins  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

the page on early implantation and HCG production from a comprehensive resource of information on human development from conception to birth, designed for both medical student and interested lay people.

Carmen Arbona (Mouseworks)

2006-09-08

395

Superelastic Orthopedic Implant Coatings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demand for hip and knee replacement surgery is substantial and growing. Unfortunately, most joint replacement surgeries will fail within 10-25 years, thereby requiring an arduous, painful, and expensive revision surgery. To address this issue, a novel orthopedic implant coating material ("eXalt") has been developed. eXalt is comprised of super elastic nitinol wire that is knit into a three-dimensional spacer fabric structure. eXalt expands in vivo to conform to the implantation site and is porous to allow for bone ingrowth. The safety and efficacy of eXalt were evaluated through structural analysis, mechanical testing, and a rabbit implantation model. The results demonstrate that eXalt meets or exceeds the performance of current coating technologies with reduced micromotion, improved osseointegration, and stronger implant fixation in vivo.

Fournier, Eric; Devaney, Robert; Palmer, Matthew; Kramer, Joshua; El Khaja, Ragheb; Fonte, Matthew

2014-07-01

396

Autogenous mandibular symphysis graft for orbital floor reconstruction: a preliminary study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  The present study aimed to evaluate and analyze postoperative results of Autogenous Mandibular Symphysis graft material for\\u000a orbital floor reconstruction.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Material and methods  A retrospective study was conducted on 11 patients, having an isolated blow out fracture (n=4) or orbital floor defects associated\\u000a with other fractures (n=7). These fractures were reconstructed with Mandibular symphysis bone grafts. The Grafts were used\\u000a where

B. M. Rudagi; Rajshekhar Halli; Uma Mahindra; Viraj Kharkar; Harish Saluja

2009-01-01

397

Sagittal split ramus osteotomy for aneurysmal bone cyst of the mandibular condyle.  

PubMed

Aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign pseudocystic osseous lesion characterized by a fibrous connective tissue stroma with cellular fibrous tissue, multinucleated giant cells, and large blood-filled spaces with no endothelial lining. The entity is uncommon in facial bones, and it rarely involves the mandibular condyle. Resection of the lesion is the most accepted treatment. The present case is the 11th reported case of aneurysmal bone cyst of the mandibular condyle in the existing literature and the first where, rather than using conventional extra oral approach, sagittal split ramus osteotomy was used to excise the lesion successfully with no recurrence after 3 years of follow-up. PMID:25565239

Bhandari, Amit; Sharma, Rohit; Muralidharan, Chiyyarath Gopalan

2015-01-01

398

Hominid mandibular corpus shape variation and its utility for recognizing species diversity within fossil Homo  

PubMed Central

Mandibular corpora are well represented in the hominin fossil record, yet few studies have rigorously assessed the utility of mandibular corpus morphology for species recognition, particularly with respect to the linear dimensions that are most commonly available. In this study, we explored the extent to which commonly preserved mandibular corpus morphology can be used to: (i) discriminate among extant hominid taxa and (ii) support species designations among fossil specimens assigned to the genus Homo. In the first part of the study, discriminant analysis was used to test for significant differences in mandibular corpus shape at different taxonomic levels (genus, species and subspecies) among extant hominid taxa (i.e. Homo, Pan, Gorilla, Pongo). In the second part of the study, we examined shape variation among fossil mandibles assigned to Homo(including H. habilis sensu stricto, H. rudolfensis, early African H. erectus/H. ergaster, late African H. erectus, Asian H. erectus, H. heidelbergensis, H. neanderthalensis and H. sapiens). A novel randomization procedure designed for small samples (and using group ‘distinctness values’) was used to determine whether shape variation among the fossils is consistent with conventional taxonomy (or alternatively, whether a priori taxonomic groupings are completely random with respect to mandibular morphology). The randomization of ‘distinctness values’ was also used on the extant samples to assess the ability of the test to recognize known taxa. The discriminant analysis results demonstrated that, even for a relatively modest set of traditional mandibular corpus measurements, we can detect significant differences among extant hominids at the genus and species levels, and, in some cases, also at the subspecies level. Although the randomization of ‘distinctness values’ test is more conservative than discriminant analysis (based on comparisons with extant specimens), we were able to detect at least four distinct groups among the fossil specimens (i.e. H. sapiens, H. heidelbergensis, Asian H. erectus and a combined ‘African Homo’ group consisting of H. habilis sensu stricto, H. rudolfensis, early African H. erectus/H. ergaster and late African H. erectus). These four groups appear to be distinct at a level similar to, or greater than, that of modern hominid species. In addition, the mandibular corpora of H. neanderthalensis could be distinguished from those of ‘African Homo’, although not from those of H. sapiens, H. heidelbergensis, or the Asian H. erectus group. The results suggest that the features most commonly preserved on the hominin mandibular corpus have some taxonomic utility, although they are unlikely to be useful in generating a reliable alpha taxonomy for early African members of the genus Homo. PMID:19094183

Lague, Michael R; Collard, Nicole J; Richmond, Brian G; Wood, Bernard A

2008-01-01

399

An evaluation of changes in mandibular anterior alignment from 10 to 20 years postretention.  

PubMed

Pretreatment, end of treatment, 10-year postretention, and 20-year postretention records of 31 four premolar extraction cases were assessed to evaluate stability and relapse of mandibular anterior alignment. Crowding continued to increase during the 10- to 20-year postretention phase but to a lesser degree than from the end of retention to 10 years postretention. Only 10% of the cases were judged to have clinically acceptable mandibular alignment at the last stage of diagnostic records. Cases responded in a diverse unpredictable manner with no apparent predictors of future success when considering pretreatment records or the treated results. PMID:3163221

Little, R M; Riedel, R A; Artun, J

1988-05-01

400

Chemistry and function of mandibular gland products of bees of the genusExoneura (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae).  

PubMed

FemaleExoneura richardsoni, E. bicolor, andE. bicincta (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae) release a pungent, staining liquid from their mandibular glands upon disturbance. This secretion is primarily composed of ethyl dodecanoate, with lesser amounts of homologous ethyl and methyl esters, salicylaldehyde, and 1,4-benzoquinone. The secretion elicits vigorous grooming when topically applied to antennae ofFormica ants. The shared, unique combination of mandibular gland lipids of these threeExoneura species supports their monophyletic classification, while the presence of salicylaldehyde may associateExoneura (Allodapini) withPithitis (Ceratinini). PMID:24408855

Cane, J H; Michener, C D

1983-12-01

401

Corrosion of bio implants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemical stability, mechanical behaviour and biocompatibility in body fluids and tissues are the basic requirements for successful\\u000a application of implant materials in bone fractures and replacements. Corrosion is one of the major processes affecting the\\u000a life and service of orthopaedic devices made of metals and alloys used as implants in the body. Among the metals and alloys\\u000a known, stainless steels

U. Kamachimudali; T. M. Sridhar; Baldev Raj

2003-01-01

402

Rare involvement of herpes zoster in the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve: A case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Herpes zoster (HZ) infections rarely affect the mandibular branches of the trigeminal nerve. When the mandibular branches are involved, lesions may appear on the face, in the mouth, in the eye, or on the tongue. Additionally, this condition may be associated with devitalized teeth, internal resorption and spontaneous exfoliation of the teeth, and osteomyelitis of the alveolar bone. In this paper, the treatment of a case HZ of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve is reported, and 22 articles on HZ cases with involvement of the mandibular branch are reviewed. This is the first literature review of HZ cases involving only the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve. PMID:25262672

Keskinruzgar, Aydin; Demirkol, Mehmet; Ege, Bilal; Aras, M Hamdi; Ay, Sinan

2015-02-01

403

Implant-bone interface characteristics of bioglass dental implants.  

PubMed

Three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) has been used to determine the implant-bone interface characteristics of bioglass dental implants. The results of the FEA were verified by comparison with the results of mechanical testing performed on animal implant specimens. The results of the study showed that the assumption of a discontinuous change of elastic properties at the bone-implant interface was a poor assumption for the bioglass implants. Interface elastic moduli of 354.0, 155.0, and 47.0 MPa for conditions of 25, 50, and 100% tissue attachment were determined for the bioglass implants. PMID:6987233

Weinstein, A M; Klawitter, J J; Cook, S D

1980-01-01

404

Bone growth around dental implants.  

PubMed

For the complete understanding of stimulation of bone growth around dental implants, a thorough knowledge is necessary regarding the reaction of bone to trauma and to a variety of implant materials. The atraumatic preparation of the bony implant bed serves to create the most favorable situation for the formation of bone around any implant material. Some implant materials are more likely to result in soft tissue encapsulation despite the most careful handling of bone; others result in different amounts of implant-bone contact zones. From the character and the amount of bone formation around different implants, it can be concluded whether the used materials are biocompatible. Titanium-surfaced implants may not demonstrate the biocompatibility that is seen with hydroxyapatite-coated implants. However, the results seen with hydroxyapatite-coated implants have to be viewed critically because the biointegrity of these coatings has not been demonstrated until now. On the other hand, titanium-surfaced implants have success rates for as long as 25 years and enable the implantologist to rely on a well-accepted implant material. The use of guided tissue regeneration and the sinus augmentation technique appear to enable the implantologist to stimulate bone formation around dental implants. These techniques may extend the limits for the successful placement of dental implants into bone-deficient sites. PMID:1879579

Weinlaender, M

1991-07-01

405

Biological fixation of endosseous implants.  

PubMed

Primary implant stability is ensured by a mechanical fixation of implants. However, during implant healing a biological anchorage is necessary to achieve final osseointegration. Aim of this study was to investigate the histological aspects of biological fixation around titanium screws. Forty-eight titanium screws with different surfaces (smooth, plasma sprayed, sand blasted) were inserted in tibiae and femura of sheep and analyzed by light microscope and SEM 1 hour, 14 and 90 days after implantation. One hour after implantation the implant-bone gap was filled with a blood clot and host bone chips arising from burr surgical preparation or friction during implant insertion. Fourteen days after implantation new trabecular bone and enveloped bone chips were observed in the gap: no osteogenesis developed where implant threads were in contact with host bone. Ninety days after surgery all trabecular bone and most of the bone chips were substituted by a mature lamellar bone with few marrow spaces. Our results suggest that the trabecular bone and bone chips represent a three-dimensional network ensuring a biological implant fixation in all different implant surfaces 2 weeks after surgery. Host bone chips could favour the peri-implant osteogenesis. Inter-trabecular and implant-trabecular marrow spaces of both trabecular and lamellar bone may favour the peri-implant bone turnover. PMID:16233979

Franchi, M; Fini, M; Martini, D; Orsini, E; Leonardi, L; Ruggeri, A; Giavaresi, G; Ottani, V

2005-01-01

406

Morphological changes of human mandibular bone during fetal periods.  

PubMed

Standardized photographs (lateral and basal view) of fetal mandibles (n = 80) were taken. Outline segments (from gnathion to condylion, on the coronoid process and from infradentale to gnathion in lateral view; and on the inferior margin in basal view) were analyzed into sine curves, according to Fourier series. Using the calculated Fourier coefficients, we statistically examined how mandibular shape changed with fetal growth. Materials were classified into four groups on the basis of the body length (BL): 100 < or = BL < 200 mm (BL1, n = 20); 200 < or = BL < 300 mm (BL2, n = 20); 300 < or = BL < 400 mm (BL3, n = 20); and 400 < or = BL < or = 500 mm (BL, 4 = 20). Statistical analyses were all done on these stature groups. On the outline from gnathion to condylion, the constant and the first term phase showed statistically greater values in BL4 than in the other groups, as assessed by t-test. The first term phase for the coronoid process significantly decreased with increments in stature in the canonical disciminant analysis. On the outline from infradentale to gnathion, although the cumulative contributions of the first two terms were constant (about 85%) in all four groups, the relative contributions with growing stature decreased in the first term and increased in the second term. The mean of the phase in the first term indicated slightly more than -90 degrees in BL1, and was less than -90 degrees in BL2 to BL4. The averages of the second term phases presented little change from BL1 to BL3, and were close to -100 degrees. From the canonical discriminant analysis, the constant was great and the first term amplitude was small in BL1 and BL4, and the constant was small and the first term amplitude was great in BL2 and BL3. Also, the second term amplitude in BL4 indicated a significantly bigger volume than in BL3. The constant for the inferior margin manifested statistically significant increments in BL2 to BL4, as assessed by t-test. We interpret the results as follows: 1. On the outline from gnathion to condylion, anteroinferior shift occurs in BL4, resulting in an acute gonial angle. The change of angle during the prenatal period precedes the postnatal findings that bring about a progressive decrease in the gonial angle. 2. The tip of the coronoid process indicates a forward shift with increasing fetal body stature.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:7830992

Uchida, Y; Akiyoshi, T; Goto, M; Katsuki, T

1994-10-01

407

Extraction treatment of a Class II division 2 malocclusion with mandibular posterior discrepancy and changes in stomatognathic function.  

PubMed

Abstract This case report describes the successful extraction treatment of a Class II division 2 malocclusion with mandibular posterior discrepancy and a congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisor on the left side. The posterior space in the mandibular arch was small, and the mandibular second molars were impacted, with distal tipping. The discrepancies in the maxillary and mandibular arches were resolved by extraction of the maxillary lateral incisor on the right side and the mandibular second premolars on both sides. The mesial movement of the mandibular first molars occurred appropriately, with the second molars moving into an upright position. A lip bumper was used with a preadjusted edgewise appliance in the maxillary dentition to reinforce molar anchorage and labial movement of the retroclined incisors. Despite the extraction treatment, a deep bite could be corrected without aggravation as a result of the lip bumper and utility arch in the mandibular dentition. Thus, an Angle Class I molar relationship and an ideal overbite were achieved. The occlusal contact area and masticatory muscle activities during maximum clenching increased after treatment. The maximum closing velocity and the maximum gape during chewing increased, and the chewing pattern changed from the chopping to grinding type. The findings in the present case suggest that the correction of a deep bite might be effective for improving stomatognathic function. PMID:24989773

Nagayama, Kunihiro; Tomonari, Hiroshi; Kitashima, Fumiaki; Miyawaki, Shouichi

2014-07-01

408

Material properties of mandibular cortical bone in the American alligator, Alligator mississippiensis  

E-print Network

Material properties of mandibular cortical bone in the American alligator, Alligator of cortical bone in the mandible of juvenile Alligator mississippiensis obtained by using an ultrasonic wave Alligator bone specimens obtained from the lingual and facial surfaces of 4 fresh Alligator mandibles

409

Surgical Removal of Fractured Endodontic Instrument in the Periapex of Mandibular First Molar  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this article is to present the surgical removal of a broken endodontic file from the periapical region of the distal root of a mandibular first molar. The methods of diagnosis and measurement of the distance of the instrument to the adjacent vital structures in the periapical region was done with simple means and in an economical manner. PMID:25214740

Gandevivala, Adil; Parekh, Bandish; Poplai, Gaurav; Sayed, Aliya

2014-01-01

410

Internal mandibular distraction to relieve airway obstruction in children with severe micrognathia.  

PubMed

Congenital craniofacial malformations such as Pierre Robin sequence or Treacher Collins syndrome are associated with mandibular micrognathia, resulting in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to a decreased pharyngeal airway; in severe cases this leads to tracheostomy dependence. We present a series of 18 patients in whom we performed mandibular lengthening using internal distraction devices to relieve airway obstruction. Seven were tracheostomy-dependent and 11 were respiratory distressed without tracheostomy. The mandible was distracted at a rate of 1mm per day. Following 3 months of consolidation for bony maturation, the distraction devices were removed. Results demonstrated forward mandibular elongation of a mean 22mm (range 20-25mm) and an increase in SNB angle and in pharyngeal airway. All patients with tracheostomies were decannulated, and there was an improved airway with resolution of signs and symptoms of OSA and elimination of oxygen requirement in all patients. We conclude that mandibular distraction using internal devices is a useful and comfortable method for younger children to expand the mandible forward and increase the pharyngeal airway. PMID:25052572

Rachmiel, A; Emodi, O; Rachmiel, D; Aizenbud, D

2014-10-01

411

Mandibular height asymmetry following experimentally induced temporomandibular joint disk displacement in rabbits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that nonreducing disk displacement of the temporomandibular joint causes mandibular asymmetry.Study design. Unilateral anterior temporomandibular joint disk displacement with intact posterior disk attachment was surgically created in the right joints of seven growing rabbits. In each of seven sham animals, the right temporomandibular joint was surgically opened without any

P. E Legrell; A Isberg

1998-01-01

412

Fine structure of the mandibular gland of the Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungarus).  

PubMed

The mandibular gland of the Djungarian hamster was examined by light microscopy, and transmission and scanning electron microscopies. Its acinar cells reacted with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and were weakly stained with alcian blue (AB). There were intercellular canaliculi between the acinar cells. These cells therefore appeared to be seromucous. The acinar epithelium was composed of light cells containing various spherical secretory granules. The granular cells of the mandibular gland possessed many acidophilic granules exhibiting a positive reaction to PAS stain. They were frequently observed at the junction of the acini and intercalated ducts in all mandibular glands examined. All of these cells were light and contained secretory granules of varying size and density. The intercalated ducts consisted exclusively of light cells possessing a few round granules of high density in the apical region. The striated ducts were comprised of two portions--a secretory portion and a typical striated portion without secretory granules. The secretory portion consisted of light, dark and specifically light epithelial cells containing acidophilic granules, which exhibited a strongly positive PAS reaction. The epithelium of typically striated portions was composed of light and dark cells containing fine vacuoles in the apical region. The mandibular gland of the Djungarian hamster revealed no histological differences between sexes. PMID:6083875

Suzuki, S; Ago, A; Mohri, S; Nishinakagawa, H; Otsuka, J

1984-10-01

413

ForPeerReview A novel statistical model for mandibular helical axis analysis  

E-print Network

Reich2 , Ralph DeLong3 , Seung-Pyo Lee4 , Itaru Mizoguchi1 1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial-modeling regression, mandibular movement Correspondence: Kazuo Hayashi, D.D.S., Ph.D. Department of Orthodontics received orthodontic treatment. Maximum mouth-opening was measured by means of an opto-electronic motion

Reich, Brian J.

414

Mandibular Bone and Soft Tissues Necrosis Caused by an Arsenical Endodontic Preparation Treated with Piezoelectric Device  

PubMed Central

This paper describes a case of wide mandibular bone necrosis associated with significant soft tissues injury after using an arsenical endodontic preparation in the right lower second molar for endodontic purpose. Authors debate about the hazardous effects of the arsenic paste and the usefulness of piezosurgery for treatment of this drug related bone necrosis. PMID:24062957

Giudice, A.; Cristofaro, M. G.; Barca, I.; Novembre, D.; Giudice, M.

2013-01-01

415

MANDIBULAR REPATTERNING RESULTS FROM IN UTERO ANTAGONISM OF ENDOTHELIN RECEPTORS IN MICE  

EPA Science Inventory

BRANNEN, K.C.1,2, E.S. HUNTER1,2, M.B. ROSEN2, and J.M. ROGERS1,2. 1Curriculum in Toxicology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; 2Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. Mandibular repatte...

416

FUSOBACTERIUM NECROPHORUM AND ACTINOMYCES PYOGENES ASSOCIATED FACIAL AND MANDIBULAR ABSCESSES IN BLUE DUIKER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anaerobic and aerobic cultures of facial and mandibular abscesses were made from 12 blue duiker (Cephalophus monticola fusicolor) housed at the Deer and Duiker Research Facility of the Pennsylvania State University (USA). Increases in concentrations of total protein and serum globulin occurred in all cases. Actinomyces pyogenes was isolated from nine animals. Fusobac- terium necrophorum was present in eight and

B. L. Roeder; M. M. Chengappa; K. F. Lechtenberg; T. G. Nagaraja; G. A. Varg

1989-01-01

417

Occlusal force, electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles and mandibular flexure of subjects with different facial types  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate whether vertical facial patterns influence maximal occlusal force (MOF), masticatory muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity, and medial mandibular flexure (MMF). Material and Methods Seventy-eight dentate subjects were divided into 3 groups by Ricketts's analysis: brachyfacial, mesofacial and dolychofacial. Maximum occlusal force in the molar region was bilaterally measured with a force transducer. The electromyographic activities of the masseter and anterior temporal muscles were recorded during maximal voluntary clenching. Medial mandibular flexure was calculated by subtracting the intermolar distance of maximum opening or protrusion from the distance in the rest position. The data were analyzed using ANOVA followed by Tukey's HSD test. The significance level was set at 5%. Results Data on maximum occlusal force showed that shorter faces had higher occlusal forces (P<0.0001). Brachyfacial subjects presented higher levels of masseter electromyographic activity and medial mandibular flexure, followed by the mesofacial and dolychofacial groups. Additionally, dolychofacial subjects showed significantly lower electromyographic temporalis activities (P<0.05). Conclusion Within the limitations of the study, it may be concluded that maximum occlusal force, masticatory muscle activity and medial mandibular flexure were influenced by the vertical facial pattern. PMID:21655772

CUSTODIO, William; GOMES, Simone Guimarães Farias; FAOT, Fernanda; GARCIA, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues; DEL BEL CURY, Altair Antoninha

2011-01-01

418

Unilateral Molariform Macrodont Mandibular Second Premolar: An Unusual Case Report in A Nonsyndromic Patient  

PubMed Central

Macrodontia is a rare dental anomaly that refers to teeth appears larger than normal. It can be generalized or isolated macrodontia. Isolated macrodontia involving premolar is very rare. This case report presents an unusual unilateral molarifrom macrodontia of mandibular second premolar. PMID:25177648

Chaurasia, Vishwajit Rampratap; Masamatti, Vinay Kumar; Tiwari, Samarth; Malik, Sidharath

2014-01-01

419

Mandibular midline distraction using a tooth-borne device and a minimally invasive surgical procedure.  

PubMed

In this technical note we share our experience of mandibular midline distraction, a powerful tool in orthognathic surgery. The use of a tooth-borne distractor and a minimally invasive surgical procedure to perform the midline osteotomy is discussed. PMID:25487564

Nadjmi, N; Stevens, S; Van Erum, R

2014-12-01

420

Afferent and Efferent Aspects of Mandibular Sensorimotor Control in Adults Who Stutter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Individuals who stutter show sensorimotor deficiencies in speech and nonspeech movements. For the mandibular system, the authors dissociated the sense of kinesthesia from the efferent control component to examine whether kinesthetic integrity itself is compromised in stuttering or whether deficiencies occur only when generating motor…

Daliri, Ayoub; Prokopenko, Roman A.; Max, Ludo

2013-01-01

421

Mandibular Repair in Rats with Premineralized Silk Scaffolds and BMP-2-modified bMSCs  

PubMed Central

Premineralized silk fibroin protein scaffolds (mSS) were prepared to combine the osteoconductive properties of biological apatite with aqueous-derived silk scaffold (SS) as a composite scaffold for bone regeneration. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of premineralized silk scaffolds combined with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) modified bone marrow stromal cells (bMSCs) to repair mandibular bony defects in a rat model. bMSCs were expanded and transduced with adenovirus AdBMP-2, AdLacZ gene in vitro. These genetically modified bMSCs were then combined with premineralized silk scaffolds to form tissue engineered bone. Mandibular repairs with AdBMP-2 transduced bMSCs/mSS constructs were compared with those treated with AdLacZ transduced bMSCs/mSS constructs, native (nontransduced) bMSCs/mSS constructs and mSS alone. Eight weeks post-operation, the mandibles were explanted and evaluated by radiographic observation, micro-CT, histological analysis and immunohistochemistry. The presence of BMP-2 gene enhanced tissue engineered bone in terms of the most new bone formed and the highest local bone mineral densities (BMD) found. These results demonstrated that premineralized silk scaffold could serve as a potential substrate for bMSCs to construct tissue engineered bone for mandibular bony defects. BMP-2 gene therapy and tissue engineering techniques could be used in mandibular repair and bone regeneration. PMID:19501905

Jiang, Xinquan; Zhao, Jun; Wang, Shaoyi; Sun, Xiaojuan; Zhang, Xiuli; Chen, Jake; Kaplan, David L.; Zhang, Zhiyuan

2010-01-01

422