Sample records for mandibular implant overdentures

  1. Metal-reinforced single implant mandibular overdenture retained by an attachment: a clinical report.

    PubMed

    Grageda, Edgar; Rieck, Bastian

    2014-01-01

    Results of studies have shown that a single implant mandibular overdenture significantly increases the satisfaction and quality of life of patients with edentulism. The single implant-retained overdenture has the additional advantage of being less expensive and invasive than a 2-implant supported overdenture but has a high incidence of fracture of the acrylic resin base at the point of the implant. The treatment, design, and fabrication of a metal-reinforced single-implant mandibular overdenture with the Locator attachment as a retention device is described. PMID:24199604

  2. Implant-supported Mandibular Overdentures in Very Old Adults

    PubMed Central

    Müller, F.; Duvernay, E.; Loup, A.; Vazquez, L.; Herrmann, F.R.; Schimmel, M.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was (1) to investigate denture satisfaction following the conversion of existing mandibular complete dentures to implant overdentures (IOD) in very old edentulous patients who depend on help for activities of daily living and (2) to evaluate secondary end points, such as functional, structural, nutritional, and patient-centered aspects. For this randomized clinical trial, 2 interforaminal short implants were placed in the intervention group (n = 16, 85.0 ±?6.19 yrs) to retain mandibular IODs; the control group (n = 18, 84.1 ± 5.55 yrs) received conventional relines. During the first year, no implant was lost; however, 2 patients died. IODs proved more stable, and participants in the intervention group demonstrated significantly higher denture satisfaction as well as an increased oral health–related quality of life compared to the control group. Maximum voluntary bite force improved significantly with IODs, yet the chewing efficiency was not different between groups. Masseter muscle thickness increased with IODs, mainly on the preferred chewing side. Body mass index decreased in both groups, but the decline tended to be smaller in the intervention group; blood markers and the Mini Nutritional Assessment did not confirm this tendency. These results indicate that edentulous patients who depend on help for activities of daily living may benefit from IODs even late in life (ClinicalTrial.gov NCT01928004). PMID:24158342

  3. Maxillary anterior and mandibular posterior residual ridge resorption in patients wearing a mandibular implant-retained overdenture.

    PubMed

    Tymstra, N; Raghoebar, G M; Vissink, A; Meijer, H J A

    2011-07-01

    The mandibular implant-retained overdenture could improve masticatory function compared to the conventional complete denture. However, increased forces exerted by the overdenture could increase residual ridge resorption of the maxillary anterior and mandibular posterior areas. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of the mandibular implant-retained overdenture using two or four dental implants, or the conventional complete denture on resorption of the residual ridge of the maxillary anterior and mandibular posterior areas over a period of 10 years. In total, 120 patients, 30 patients treated with an overdenture on two implants (two-implant group), 30 patients with an overdenture on four implants (four-implant group) and 60 patients treated with a conventional full denture (conventional group), participated in this study. On panoramic radiographs, made before and 10 years after treatment, proportional area measurements were applied to determine changes in bone height. After 10 years, a statistically significant amount of bone resorption had occurred in the anterior maxilla in the two-implant group and in the four-implant group. A significant amount of bone resorption had occurred in the posterior mandible in all three groups. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in both areas. Patients presented large individual differences. It is concluded that patients rehabilitated with implant-retained mandibular overdentures are not subjected to more residual ridge resorption in the anterior maxilla when compared to patients wearing a conventional full denture. Regarding the mandibular posterior residual ridge, resorption was irrespective of wearing an implant-retained mandibular overdenture or a conventional mandibular denture. PMID:21092056

  4. Stud attachments for the mandibular implant-retained overdentures: Prosthetic complications. A literature review

    PubMed Central

    Daou, Elie E.

    2013-01-01

    A plethora of attachment systems for mandibular two-implant overdentures is currently available often without evidence-based support. Technical aspects are now parameters considered when choosing the appropriate attachment. Despite the increasing use of the Locator attachments, studies regarding their properties remain scarce. Peer reviewed articles published in English up to 2011, were identified through a MEDLINE search (Pubmed and Elsevier) and a hand search of relevant textbooks and annual publications. Emphasis was made on the technical complications as well as the loss of retention related to the attachments in implant-retained overdentures, primarily the Locator attachment. The evaluation of the long-term outcome of implant overdentures and complications associated with different attachment systems may provide useful guidelines for the clinician in selecting the type of attachment system and overdenture design. PMID:23960557

  5. Masticatory efficiency and oral health-related quality of life with implant-retained mandibular overdentures

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Xu; Zhai, Jun-Jiang; Liao, Jian; Teng, Min-Hua; Tian, Ai; Liang, Xing

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate masticatory efficiency (ME) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients rehabilitated with implant-retained mandibular overdentures. Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 50 edentulous patients visiting the Implant Center and Department of Prosthodontics, West China College of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China between June 2010 and June 2012 were selected and received 2 implant-retained mandibular overdenture treatments. All patients were rehabilitated with maxillary complete dentures. The ME and OHRQoL were determined both one month before the mandibular complete denture was anchored to the osseointegrated implants, and 6 months after anchoring. Paired t-tests were used to compare means of ME, and oral health impact profile-49 (OHIP-49) domains scores between pre- and post-implant. Linear regression models were utilized to seek correlations between ME and OHIP domains scores. Results: The ME increased from pre- to post-implant retained mandibular overdentures significantly (p<0.001). The total OHIP score and 4 subscales scores were changed significantly from pre- to post-implant; namely, functional limitation, psychological discomfort, physical disability, and physical pain. The total OHIP score, functional limitation, physical disability, and physical pain subscale scores were related to ME. Conclusion: Implant-retained mandibular over dentures can significantly improve patients’ ME and OHRQoL. The improvement in OHRQoL is mainly because of the improved ME. An improved chewing experience, and pain relief also contributes to improvement of OHRQoL. PMID:25316463

  6. Implant-tissue supported, magnet-retained mandibular overdenture for an edentulous patient with Parkinson's disease: A clinical report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederick C. S. Chu; Fei L. Deng; Adam S. C. Siu; Tak W. Chow

    2004-01-01

    Degenerative neurologic disorders such as Parkinson's disease are becoming more prevalent as life expectancy is improved. Although the use of an implant-supported overdenture is an acceptable treatment modality, the clinician should recognize the indications and maintenance requirements of different attachment systems for individual patients. The use of a magnetic attachment system in an implant-supported mandibular overdenture for an edentulous patient

  7. Treatment of edentulism using Astra Tech implants and ball abutments to retain mandibular overdentures.

    PubMed

    Cooper, L F; Scurria, M S; Lang, L A; Guckes, A D; Moriarty, J D; Felton, D A

    1999-01-01

    The goal of this study was to provide evidence to support simplified treatment of mandibular edentulism using denture fabrication and implant placement to circumvent the need for second-stage surgeries or prosthodontic superstructures. A 5-year prospective clinical trial is reported, which involved treatment of mandibular edentulism using the single-stage surgical placement of a TiOblast microthreaded titanium screw implant with immediate replacement of a relieved mandibular overdenture and eventual retention of the overdenture with reduced ball abutments. Fifty-eight patients were treated; 116 implants were placed using a single-stage surgical approach, with a duplicate mandibular denture as the tomographic/surgical template. Mandibular dentures were relieved and relined with a tissue conditioning material and placed immediately after implant surgery. After 3 months, Conical Seal Design ball abutments were placed and attachments were secured in the overdentures by heat-polymerizing laboratory reline methods. Five of the 116 consecutively placed implants failed at 2 to 4 months, providing an immediate implant survival rate of 95.69% at the time of attachment connection. Pain and inflammation were not common to all failures, and infection was not reported in any of the 5 failures. The immediate placement of implants by a single-stage surgical procedure in the parasymphyseal region of the mandible, followed by placement of a relined mandibular denture, results in predictable and asymptomatic healing of implants that display the clinical and radiographic features of osseointegration. Encouraging results at the immediate observation period (attachment connection) must be tempered by the need for prudent and detailed clinical and radiologic evaluation over the 5-year trial period. PMID:10531736

  8. Randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of mandibular implant-supported overdentures and conventional dentures in diabetic patients. Part III: Comparisons of patient satisfaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Krishan K. Kapur; Neal R. Garrett; Michael O. Hamada; Eleni D. Roumanas; Earl Freymiller; Thomas Han; Randy M. Diener; Seymour Levin; Weng Kee Wong

    1999-01-01

    Statement of problem. There is insufficient evidence to indicate the functional superiority of mandibular implant-supported overdentures to justify their use in edentulous patients. Purpose. This study compared the benefits perceived by patients who received a new maxillary denture and a mandibular conventional denture (CD) and an implant-supported overdenture (IOD). Method. New maxillary and mandibular dentures were delivered to 89 diabetic

  9. Implant-supported overdenture with prefabricated bar attachment system in mandibular edentulous patient

    PubMed Central

    Ha, Seung-Ryong; Song, Seung-Il; Hong, Seong-Tae; Kim, Gy-Young

    2012-01-01

    Implant-supported overdenture is a reliable treatment option for the patients with edentulous mandible when they have difficulty in using complete dentures. Several options have been used for implant-supported overdenture attachments. Among these, bar attachment system has greater retention and better maintainability than others. SFI-Bar® is prefabricated and can be adjustable at chairside. Therefore, laboratory procedures such as soldering and welding are unnecessary, which leads to fewer errors and lower costs. A 67-year-old female patient presented, complaining of mobility of lower anterior teeth with old denture. She had been wearing complete denture in the maxilla and removable partial denture in the mandible with severe bone loss. After extracting the teeth, two implants were placed in front of mental foramen, and SFI-Bar® was connected. A tube bar was seated to two adapters through large ball joints and fixation screws, connecting each implant. The length of the tube bar was adjusted according to inter-implant distance. Then, a female part was attached to the bar beneath the new denture. This clinical report describes two-implant-supported overdenture using the SFI-Bar® system in a mandibular edentulous patient. PMID:23236580

  10. Implant-supported overdenture with prefabricated bar attachment system in mandibular edentulous patient.

    PubMed

    Ha, Seung-Ryong; Kim, Sung-Hun; Song, Seung-Il; Hong, Seong-Tae; Kim, Gy-Young

    2012-11-01

    Implant-supported overdenture is a reliable treatment option for the patients with edentulous mandible when they have difficulty in using complete dentures. Several options have been used for implant-supported overdenture attachments. Among these, bar attachment system has greater retention and better maintainability than others. SFI-Bar® is prefabricated and can be adjustable at chairside. Therefore, laboratory procedures such as soldering and welding are unnecessary, which leads to fewer errors and lower costs. A 67-year-old female patient presented, complaining of mobility of lower anterior teeth with old denture. She had been wearing complete denture in the maxilla and removable partial denture in the mandible with severe bone loss. After extracting the teeth, two implants were placed in front of mental foramen, and SFI-Bar® was connected. A tube bar was seated to two adapters through large ball joints and fixation screws, connecting each implant. The length of the tube bar was adjusted according to inter-implant distance. Then, a female part was attached to the bar beneath the new denture. This clinical report describes two-implant-supported overdenture using the SFI-Bar® system in a mandibular edentulous patient. PMID:23236580

  11. Prospective study of treatment outcome of implant retained mandibular overdenture: Two years follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Arora, Vimal; Kumar, Dinesh; Legha, V. S.; Arun Kumar, K. V.

    2014-01-01

    Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment outcome of immediately loaded Implants in the interforaminal region of anterior mandible. Materials and Methods: A total of 15 completely edentulous patients aged between 50 and 70 years were selected satisfying certain inclusion and exclusion criteria. Two implants were placed in 33 and 43 region (B and D location) and the implants were loaded immediately by mandibular overdenture retained with O-ring attachments. The implants were evaluated for various clinical parameters at 6 months, 1 year, 1.5 years, and 2 years intervals after initial placement. Results: There was increased marginal bone loss around implants during the 1st year after that the bone loss was insignificant. Clinical stability of immediately loaded implants was lower initially for 6 months, but improved by the end of 1st year. Survival rate for immediately loaded implants was 96.6% at the end of the period of study. Conclusion: Immediate loading of interforaminal mandibular implants demonstrated a highly acceptable clinical success at the end of 2 years. However, initially the marginal bone level and clinical stability were significantly lower which showed improvement with time. PMID:24963237

  12. A randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of mandibular implant-supported overdentures and conventional dentures in diabetic patients. Part I: Methodology and clinical outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Krishan K. Kapur; Neal R. Garrett; Michael O. Hamada; Eleni D. Roumanas; Earl Freymiller; Thomas Han; Randy M. Diener; Seymour Levin; Rodney Ida

    1998-01-01

    Statement of problem. Scientific evidence is lacking to support the general application of implant-supported mandibular overdentures.Purpose. This randomized clinical trial was undertaken to compare the efficacy of conventional mandibular and implant-supported overdentures in diabetic edentulous patients with clinically acceptable metabolic control.Method. A total of 102 diabetic patients, treated with or without insulin, were randomized to receive a new maxillary denture

  13. A randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of mandibular implant-supported overdentures and conventional dentures in diabetic patients. Part II. Comparisons of masticatory performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neal R. Garrett; Krishan K. Kapur; Michael O. Hamada; Eleni D. Roumanas; Earl Freymiller; Thomas Han; Randy M. Diener; Seymour Levin; Tenglang Chen

    1998-01-01

    Statement of problem. Convincing evidence is lacking to demonstrate the functional superiority of mandibular implant-supported overdentures over conventional dentures.Purpose. This randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare masticatory functional effectiveness of mandibular implant-supported overdentures and conventional dentures in diabetic denture wearers with clinically acceptable metabolic control.Methods. A total of 102 edentulous diabetic patients, treated with or without insulin, were randomized

  14. Training needs for general dentistry residents to place and restore two-implant-retained mandibular overdentures.

    PubMed

    Malmstrom, Hans; Xiao, Jin; Romanos, Georgios E; Ren, Yan-Fang

    2015-01-01

    Implant therapy is rapidly becoming a standard of care for replacing missing dentition. Predoctoral dental curricula include some training in the implant restorative phase but offer limited exposure to the surgical phase, so it is important for postdoctoral general dentistry residency programs to provide competency training in all phases of implant therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the training needed for general dentistry residents to achieve competence in this area, specifically by defining the number of clinical experiences necessary in both the surgical and prosthetic phases of implant-retained mandibular overdenture construction (IRMOD). Fifteen Advanced Education in General Dentistry (AEGD) residents at one academic dental institution placed two implants in a total of 50 patients with edentulous mandibles and subsequently restored them with IRMOD. The supervising faculty member and the residents evaluated the competency level on a five-point scale after each implant placement and prosthetic case completion. According to the faculty evaluations, the residents achieved surgical competence after placing two implants in four to six cases and prosthetic management competence after restoring two to four cases of IRMOD. All 50 patients were satisfied with the treatment outcomes of IRMOD. This study concluded that general dentistry residents could potentially achieve competence in both the surgical and prosthetic phases of implant therapy while enrolled in an AEGD program. PMID:25576555

  15. A randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of mandibular implant-supported overdentures and conventional dentures in diabetic patients. Part IV: Comparisons of dietary intake

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael O. Hamada; Neal R. Garrett; Eleni D. Roumanas; Krishan K. Kapur; Earl Freymiller; Thomas Han; Randy M. Diener; Tenglang Chen; Seymour Levin

    2001-01-01

    Statement of problem. It is unclear whether the replacement of conventional mandibular dentures with implant-supported overdentures alters the diet and thus improves the nutritional intake of edentulous persons.Purpose. The purpose of this study was to compare the pretreatment and posttreatment diets of edentulous diabetic patients who received new dentures with either a conventional complete mandibular denture (CD) or a mandibular

  16. Effect of attachment type on load distribution to implant abutments and the residual ridge in mandibular implant-supported overdentures

    PubMed Central

    Matsudate, Yoshiki; Abue, Masaru; Hong, Guang; Sasaki, Keiichi

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of attachment type on the load transmitted to implants and the residual ridge in a mandibular two-implant-supported overdenture in a model study. Ball attachments, locator attachments, and round-bar attachments were selected and examined. Static and dynamic vertical loads of 100?N were applied in the right first molar region. The load on the implants was measured by piezoelectric three-dimensional force transducers, and the load on the residual ridge beneath the denture base was measured using a tactile sheet sensor. The load on the implants with ball attachments was significantly higher than that with the other two attachments. The load on the residual ridge with round-bar attachments was significantly higher than that with the other two attachments. Our findings indicate that the three-dimensional load on implants and the residual ridge beneath the denture base is significantly associated with the type of attachment used in implant-supported overdentures.

  17. The Effect of Inter-Implant Distance on Retention and Resistance to Dislodging Forces for Mandibular Implant-Tissue-Supported Overdentures

    PubMed Central

    Tabatabaian, Farhad; Saboury, Abolfazl; Sobhani, Zahra Sadat; Petropoulos, Vicki C

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The effect of inter-implant distance on retention and resistance of implant-tissue-supported overdentures is lacking in the literature. An in vitro study was performed to evaluate this effect for mandibular implant-tissue-supported overdentures retained by two ball attachments. Materials and Methods: An acrylic cast of an edentulous mandible was fabricated. Three pairs of implants were symmetrically placed at both sides of the midline. The inter-implant distance was 10, 25, and 35 millimeters in positions A, B and C, respectively. A framework simulating the overdenture was fabricated on the cast. Six attachment housings were placed within the overdenture. For each sample, two ball abutments were screwed onto the implant pairs and two pink nylon inserts were seated in their respective attachment housings. The samples were tested in three groups of 15 (A, B, and C). The testing machine applied tensile dislodging forces and peak loads were measured in three directions: vertical, oblique, and anterior-posterior. A one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s HSD was used to determine groups that were significantly different. Tests were carried out at 0.05 level of significance. Results: Peak loads for the anterior-posteriorly directed dislodging forces were significantly the highest for group C (P<0.05); 21.25 N±3.05 N, while there were no statistically significant differences among groups with vertically and obliquely directed forces (P>0.05). Conclusion: Inter-implant distance did not affect the vertical retention and oblique resistance of mandibular implant-tissue-supported overdentures; however, it affected anterior-posterior resistance. PMID:25628676

  18. Three-dimensional force measurements with mandibular overdentures connected to implants by ball-shaped retentive anchors. A clinical study.

    PubMed

    Mericske-Stern, R

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this in vivo study was to determine maximum and functional forces simultaneously in three dimensions on mandibular implants supporting overdentures. The anchorage system for overdenture connection was the ball-shaped retentive anchor. Five edentulous patients, each with two mandibular ITI implants, were selected as test subjects. A novel miniaturized piezo-electric force transducer was developed for specific use with ITI implants. Force magnitudes and directions were registered under various test conditions by means of electrostatic plotter records. The test modalities were maximum biting in centric occlusion, maximum biting on a bite plate, grinding, and chewing bread. Maximum forces measured in centric occlusion and on the ipsilateral implant when using a bite plate were slightly increased in vertical and backward-forward dimension (z-, y-axis) compared to the lateral-medial direction (x-axis). On the contralateral implant, equally low values were found in all three dimensions. This may be the effect of a nonsplinted anchorage device. With the use of a bite plate, force magnitudes on the ipsilateral implant were significantly higher on the z- and y-axis than mean maximum forces in centric occlusion (P < .001). Chewing and grinding resulted in lower forces compared to maximum biting, particularly in the vertical direction. The transverse force component in backward-forward direction, however, reached magnitudes that exceeded the vertical component by 100% to 300% during chewing function. This chewing pattern had not been observed in previous investigations with bars and telescopes, and therefore appears to be specific for retentive ball anchors. The prevalent or exclusive force direction registered on both implants in the vertical direction was downward under all test conditions. In the transverse direction during maximum biting the forward direction was more frequently registered, while no obvious prevalence of transverse force direction was observed during chewing and grinding. PMID:9509778

  19. Lowering of the mouth floor and vestibuloplasty to support a mandibular overdenture retained by two implants. A case report

    PubMed Central

    Figueiredo, Rui; Gay-Escoda, Cosme

    2014-01-01

    In Oral Implantology most of the procedures are predictable and have high success rates. The use of osseointegrated implants as a therapeutic option for the rehabilitation of patients with severe mandibular atrophy has decreased the need for pre-prosthetic surgery Nevertheless, complications may occur during implant surgery and also once the prosthesis has been placed. This paper describes the case of a totally edentulous patient with an upper complete removable denture and an implant-retained overdenture with two implants in the intermentonian region. During clinical examination, the implant abutments were totally covered by soft tissue since the floor of the mouth was elevated. The panoramic radiography showed severe mandibular atrophy. Vestibuloplasty was performed together with the lowering of the floor of the mouth under general anesthesia and nasotracheal intubation to expose the implants. A new prosthesis was fabricated for the patient to prevent recurrence and improve the patient’s chewing ability as it formed a physical barrier against soft tissue migration on prosthetic attachments. Key words:Vestibuloplasty, lowering of the mouth floor, complications in oral implantology. PMID:25136438

  20. Full mouth rehabilitation of a patient with mandibular implant screw retained Fp-3 prosthesis opposing maxillary acrylic removable over-denture

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Ashish R.; Nallaswamy, Deepak; Ariga, Padma; Philip, Jacob Mathew

    2013-01-01

    A hybrid denture is one that is fabricated over a metal framework and retained by screws threaded into the implant abutments. The anterior part of a mandibular hybrid denture is fixed on implants while the posterior part of the denture is extended and cantilevered from implants. This article presents the fabrication of a maxillary over-denture opposing mandibular implant retained hybrid prosthesis. A total of four implants were placed in the mandibular arch. Castable abutments were used to produce the optimal angulations. Framework was waxed, cast recovered, and the fit was refined until the framework seated passively on the master cast. The mandibular denture teeth were waxed to the hybrid framework, and a final wax try-in was performed to verify and correct maxillomandibular relations before processing. The prosthesis was inserted after verification of occlusion, retention, and stability. The rehabilitation of edentulous patients with hybrid dentures has been observed to achieve greater masticatory function and psychological satisfaction than with conventional over-dentures. Producing a passive-fitting substructure for a fixed removable screw retained hybrid prosthesis is arguably one of the most technically complex tasks in implant dentistry. The technique presented may not initially produce a perfectly passive framework, but use of disclosing media and adjusting the internal aspect of the casting can result in non-binding, fully seated prostheses. PMID:24015016

  1. Non-submerged osseointegrated dental implants with ball attachments supporting overdentures in patients with mandibular alveolar ridge atrophy. A short-term follow-up.

    PubMed

    Donatsky, O; Hillerup, S

    1996-06-01

    Non-submerged, hollow screw ITI-Bonefit dental implants with ball attachments supporting overdentures were used as alternative treatment to combined vestibulo-lingual-plasty with free split-thickness skin graft and removable dentures in 40 consecutive patients with mandibular alveolar ridge atrophy. One hundred and fifty-six non-sub-merged fixtures were installed. Ball attachments were mounted on the fixtures and implant-supported overdentures inserted 3-4 months after fixture installation. The observation period after implant activation and prosthesis insertion varied from 1 to 3 years with a median observation period of 2 years. The overall success rate of individual implants was 99%(155/156). The prosthesis function rate was 100%(40/40). The 1-year success rate of individual implants was 99%(155/156) with a prosthesis function rate of 100%(40/40). No persistent surgical, periodontic or prosthodontic complications were observed. The results indicate that non-submerged osseointegrated ITI-Bonefit dental implants with ball attachments supporting overdentures can be a successful alternative to combined vestibulo-lingual-plasty with free split-thickness skin graft and removable dentures, and as successful as the use of submerged dental implants. PMID:9002836

  2. Implant overdenture using Konus telescope on one-piece implant: a case report.

    PubMed

    Ohkubo, Chikahiro; Kobayashi, Mariko; Okamoto, Naoko; Hosoi, Toshio; Kurtz, Kenneth S; Murata, Toshiyuki

    2009-12-01

    An implant-retained Konus (tapered double crown) telescopic complete overdenture was fabricated for a mandibular edentulous patient. The Konus telescopic overdenture coping crowns and framework assembly were cast with commercially pure (CP) titanium, joined using laser welding and placed on four one-piece implants. Sufficient retention and stability were obtained using this method. PMID:20158062

  3. Patient satisfaction and chewing ability with implant-retained mandibular overdentures: A comparison with new complete dentures with or without preprosthetic surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. M Boerrigter; B Stegenga; G. M Raghoebar; G Boering

    1995-01-01

    Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare denture satisfaction and chewing ability of edentulous patients treated with dental implant-retained overdentures or with full dentures with or without previous preprosthetic surgery.Patients and Methods: This study was a controlled clinical trial. Thirty-eight men and 52 women participated in the study. The mean height of the anterior mandible was 21 mm

  4. Tissue-supported dental implant prosthesis (overdenture): the search for the ideal protocol. A literature review

    PubMed Central

    Laurito, Domenica; Lamazza, Luca; Spink, Michael J.; De Biase, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    Summary Aims The success of maxillary and mandibular tissue supported implant prostheses varies in the literature, and the ideal protocol may be elusive from given the numerous studies. The oral rehabilitation option is an alternative to conventional dentures and should improve function, satisfaction, and retention. The purpose of this review article is to clarify these questions. Methods The search of literature reviews English non-anecdotal implant overdentures articles from 1991 to 2011. Results The results display an aggregate comprehensive list of categorical variables from the literature review. Overall success of maxillary and mandibular implant overdenture was respectively, 86.6% and 95.8%. Conclusion The literature indicates that the implant overdenture prosthesis provides predictable results – enhanced stability, function and a high-degree of satisfaction compared to conventional removable dentures. PMID:22783448

  5. Prosthetic implant treatment of the edentulous maxilla with overdenture.

    PubMed

    Inversini, M

    2006-10-01

    The literature concerning the success of prosthetic implant treatment with maxillary overdenture is reviewed, and variables affecting treatment from the implant and prosthetic standpoint are analysed. Guidelines for the fabrication of maxillary overimplants comparable to those for mandibular overimplants are still lacking, as are evidence-based prosthetic design concepts. Individual methods and techniques have been described, but evaluation standards for the outcome of maxillary prosthetic-implant treatment are lacking or individually interpreted. The biomechanics involved in the proposed system are described, together with the advantages of telescopic crowns for the retention of removable partial prosthesis supported by maxillary implants. The positive influence, in terms of long-term prognosis, of the perio-protective design of removable partial prostheses supported by maxillary overimplants is also discussed. The proposed system not only provides stability, support and retention for removable partial prostheses supported by maxillary implants, but also enables implant survival rates to be improved, both for biomechanical reasons and due to improved oral hygiene. The simplification of fabrication procedures, repair, rebasing and re-operating also reduce the cost of follow-up and improve the cost/benefit ratio. However, additional studies are needed to clarify the number and most appropriate distribution of implants, as well as the most favourable prosthetic designs for maxillary overimplants. PMID:17268392

  6. Evaluation of stress patterns produced by implant-retained overdentures and implant-retained fixed partial denture.

    PubMed

    Mazaro, José Vitor Quinelli; Filho, Humberto Gennari; Vedovatto, Eduardo; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza; Rezende, Maria Cristina Rosifini Alves; Zavanelli, Adriana Cristina

    2011-11-01

    The purposes of this study were to photoelastically measure the biomechanical behavior of 4 implants retaining different cantilevered bar mandibular overdenture designs and to compare a fixed partial denture (FPD). A photoelastic model of a human edentulous mandible was fabricated, which contained 4 screw-type implants (3.75 × 10 mm) embedded in the parasymphyseal area. An FPD and 3 overdenture designs with the following attachments were evaluated: 3 plastic Hader clips, 1 Hader clip with 2 posterior resilient cap attachments, and 3 ball/O-ring attachments. Vertical occlusal forces of 100 N were applied between the central incisor and unilaterally to the right and left second premolars and second molars. Stresses that developed in the supporting structure were monitored photoelastically and recorded photographically. The results showed that the anterior loading, the overdenture with 3 plastic Hader clips, displayed the largest stress concentration at the medium implant. With premolar loading, the FPD and overdenture with 3 plastic Hader clips displayed the highest stresses to the ipsilateral terminal implant. With molar loading, the overdenture with 3 ball/O-ring attachments displayed the most uniform stress distribution in the posterior edentulous ridge, with less overloading in the terminal implant. It was concluded that vertical forces applied to the bar-clip overdenture and FPD created immediate stress patterns of greater magnitude and concentration on the ipsilateral implants, whereas the ball/O-ring attachments transferred minimal stress to the implants. The increased cantilever in the FPD caused the highest stresses to the terminal implant. PMID:22067869

  7. Prosthetic rehabilitation of a marginally resected mandibular arch with a metal reinforced telescopic overdenture.

    PubMed

    Rohit, Raghavan; Prathith, Uthappa; Regish, K M; Rupesh, P L; Basavaraj, Salagundi; Padmanabhan, T V

    2014-09-01

    Success of the prosthesis after mandibular resection is related directly to the amount of the remaining bone and soft tissue present. The prognosis for mandibulectomy patients becomes less favorable as the size of the resection increases. Prosthetic rehabilitation for such patients is a challenge for clinicians. Without preprosthetic reconstructive surgery, denture fabrication for mandibulectomy patients becomes extremely difficult. Telescopic dentures is a modality of treatment consisting of an inner or primary telescopic coping which is permanently cemented to an abutment and an outer or secondary telescopic coping which is attached to the prosthesis. These copings protect the abutment from dental caries and thermal irritations and also provide retention and stabilization of the secondary coping. The secondary coping engages the primary copings to form a telescopic unit and it provides retention and stability to the prosthesis. This clinical report aims at utilizing the remaining natural teeth for a mandibular overdenture with telescopic coping. PMID:25183914

  8. An economic evaluation of maxillary implant overdentures based on six vs. four implants

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The purpose of the present study was to assess the value for money achieved by bar-retained implant overdentures based on six implants compared with four implants as treatment alternatives for the edentulous maxilla. Methods A Markov decision tree model was constructed and populated with parameter estimates for implant and denture failure as well as patient-centred health outcomes as available from recent literature. The decision scenario was modelled within a ten year time horizon and relied on cost reimbursement regulations of the German health care system. The cost-effectiveness threshold was identified above which the six-implant solution is preferable over the four-implant solution. Uncertainties regarding input parameters were incorporated via one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analysis based on Monte-Carlo simulation. Results Within a base case scenario of average treatment complexity, the cost-effectiveness threshold was identified to be 17,564 € per year of denture satisfaction gained above of which the alternative with six implants is preferable over treatment including four implants. Sensitivity analysis yielded that, depending on the specification of model input parameters such as patients’ denture satisfaction, the respective cost-effectiveness threshold varies substantially. Conclusions The results of the present study suggest that bar-retained maxillary overdentures based on six implants provide better patient satisfaction than bar-retained overdentures based on four implants but are considerably more expensive. Final judgements about value for money require more comprehensive clinical evidence including patient-centred health outcomes. PMID:25135370

  9. Rehabilitation with implant-supported overdentures in total edentulous patients: A review

    PubMed Central

    Segura-Andrés, Gustavo; Faus-López, Joan; Agustín-Panadero, Rubén

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: The main aim of this review article is to discuss implant-supported overdentures (ISOs) as treatment in edentulous patients. Besides, we will try to discuss among the different treatment options in such patients and to analyze their validity when ISOs are compared with other clinical modalities. At the same time, we will try to suggest clinical guidelines supported by current clinical studies. Material and methods: We performed a Medline search and review of pertinent articles on the mentioned subject from 1986 to 2011. As a searching strategy, we used the following words: implant-supported overdentures, attachment systems, Locator attachment, cantilever, fixed prosthesis. Results and conclusions: Implant-supported overdentures constitute an accurate and predictable treatment option and achieve a higher patients’ satisfaction. This type of treatment constitutes a cheaper treatment than fixed prostheses and in some patients, with loss of lip support or with an interoclusal space larger than 15 mm, the choice of implant-supported overdentures seems to prevent future aesthetic or phonetic problems. Key words:Overdentures, implant occlusion, implant rehabilitation, total edentulous rehabilitation, fixed prosthesis. PMID:24455093

  10. Management of atrophic mandibular ridge with mini dental implant system.

    PubMed

    Singh, Raghuwar Dayal; Ramashanker; Chand, Pooran

    2010-07-01

    Mini dental implants (MDI) are ultra-small diameter (l.8 mm width), biocompatible titanium alloy implant screws, conceived and designed over 20 years ago by a board-certified Manhattan dentist, Sendax Victor. Dr. R. A. Bulard added a single-piece "O-ball" design to Dr. Sendax Victor concept. These implants can be used in atrophic ridges, flabby ridges, or in other cases where there is denture instability or lack of retention due to poor availability of residual bone. In this article, a case report of 55-year-old female patient is presented, with a severely atrophic mandibular ridge that was managed by the MDI system with an overdenture. PMID:22442594

  11. Force distribution on implants supporting overdentures: the effect of distal bar extensions. A 3-D in vivo study.

    PubMed

    Mericske-Stern, R

    1997-04-01

    Force distribution on mandibular implants supporting overdentures was registered in vivo by means of piezo-electric transducers that allow for simultaneous force measurements in 3 dimensions. The anchorage device for connecting the overdenture to the implants was a U-shaped bar to which distal extensions were soldered bilaterally. Force patterns were analyzed under different test conditions such as maximum force when biting in centric occlusion, maximum biting with the unilateral use of a bite plate, parafunction and chewing bread. Maximum force measured in centric occlusion and on the ipsilateral implant with the use of bite plate was increased in the vertical dimension, compared to transverse dimensions. On the contralateral implant, equally low values were found, in all 3 dimensions. Transverse force components reached 5 to 35% of the vertical magnitudes. With the use of the bite plate on the ipsilateral implant, force magnitudes in the vertical direction and in the backward-forward direction were significantly higher (P < 0.01, P < 0.00) compared to measurements in centric occlusion. Chewing and grinding resulted in lower vertical forces compared to maximum biting, while transverse forces in the backward forward direction reached force magnitudes that resembled the vertical component (50 to 100%). The prevalent (> 95%) or exclusive force direction in the vertical dimension, registered on both implants was downward. However, with the unilateral use of the bite plate, upward directions were found on the contralateral implant as an effect of distal bar extensions. This was in contrast to previous results where upward force directions were not found. In transverse dimensions, the specific influence of bar extensions was recognised in backward directions on the contralateral implant. In comparison with previous results, it was concluded that, in vivo, the effect of distal bar extensions was of much lesser influence regarding force magnitudes and force directions than was expected. PMID:9758965

  12. Implant Overdentures: A New Standard of Care for Edentulous Patients— Current Concepts and Techniques

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ROBERT C. VO GEL

    While most implant-based treatment has histori- cally focused on fixed prosthetic tooth replacement, the multitude of benefits to the edentulous population from implant overdentures is overwhelming in terms of improved function, emotional stability, physical health, and esthetics. Although there still remains a lack of consistency in terms of techniques, prosthetic design, and attachment systems, these aspects have been proven less

  13. Rehabilitation of the edentulous maxilla complicated by combination syndrome with an implant overdenture: a case report.

    PubMed

    Piermatti, Jack

    2013-08-01

    The treatment of the edentulous jaws with complete dentures is determined individually and often is unpredictable. Implant-assisted overdentures are a significant improvement over conventional complete dentures in terms of patient comfort and function. Combination syndrome refers to a dramatic exaggeration of maxillary alveolar resorption leading to a more complicated rehabilitation. This article reviews how the edentulous maxilla can be rehabilitated with an implant-assisted overdenture. A case report is presented which utilizes a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufactured milled titanium connecting bar to retain a chrome-cobalt based, precision attachment, palateless prosthesis. PMID:23928443

  14. Improving masticatory performance, bite force, nutritional state and patient's satisfaction with implant overdentures: a systematic review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Boven, G C; Raghoebar, G M; Vissink, A; Meijer, H J A

    2015-03-01

    Oral function with removable dentures is improved when dental implants are used for support. A variety of methods is used to measure change in masticatory performance, bite force, patient's satisfaction and nutritional state. A systematic review describing the outcome of the various methods to assess patients' appreciation has not been reported. The objective is to systematically review the literature on the possible methods to measure change in masticatory performance, bite force, patient's satisfaction and nutritional state of patients with removable dentures and to describe the outcome of these. Medline, Embase and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched (last search July 1, 2014). The search was completed by hand to identify eligible studies. Two reviewers independently assessed the articles. Articles should be written in English. Study design should be prospective. The outcome should be any assessment of function/satisfaction before and at least 1 year after treatment. Study population should consist of fully edentulous subjects. Treatment should be placement of any kind of root-form implant(s) to support a mandibular and/or maxillary overdenture. Fifty-three of 920 found articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A variety of methods was used to measure oral function; mostly follow-up was 1 year. Most studies included mandibular overdentures, three studies included maxillary overdentures. Implant-supported dentures were accompanied by high patient's satisfaction with regard to denture comfort, but this high satisfaction was not always accompanied by improvement in general quality of life (QoL) and/or health-related QoL. Bite force improved, masseter thickness increased and muscle activity in rest decreased. Patients could chew better and eat more tough foods. No changes were seen in dietary intake, BMI and blood markers. Improvements reported after 1 year apparently decreased slightly with time, at least on the long run. Treating complete denture wearers with implants to support their denture improves their chewing efficiency, increases maximum bite force and clearly improves satisfaction. The effect on QoL is uncertain, and there is no effect on nutritional state. PMID:25307515

  15. A comparative clinical investigation of 2 early loaded ITI dental implants supporting an overdenture in the mandible.

    PubMed

    Røynesdal, A K; Amundrud, B; Hannaes, H R

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the efficacy of early loading of implants and to provide evidence to support simplified treatment of mandibular edentulism by using an implant designed for 1-stage surgery, combined with ball abutments to circumvent the need for a fixed prosthodontic superstructure. Historically, the recommended time between the placement and functional loading of dental implants has been 3 months in the mandible. This recommendation is the result of a systematically chosen healing time during development of implant treatment. In recent years, histologic and experimental studies have shown that specially designed implants can result in increased bone-to-implant contact at earlier healing times. Accordingly, these implants can be placed into function faster than previously recommended. In this study, 21 patients aged between 61 and 85 years with edentulous mandibles were included. All received 2 titanium plasma-sprayed, solid-screw dental implants in the interforaminal region. Ten patients had the implants loaded with an overdenture connected with ball abutments after 3 months (control group). The other 11 patients (test group) had prostheses connected to the ball abutments after a maximum of 3 weeks. Marginal bone resorption, Periotest values, and patient satisfaction were evaluated. The cumulative post-loading implant survival rate was 100% for both groups after 24 months. Marginal bone resorption after 1 year around all implants ranged from 0 to 2 mm (no significant differences between groups; P < .05). Periotest values for all implants 1 year after loading were below zero (range -1 to -6). The results of this clinical trial suggest that successful early loading of 2 implants is possible provided there is uncomplicated implant placement. PMID:11324212

  16. An implant-supported overdenture design with a horizontal path of insertion.

    PubMed

    Solá-Ruíz, M Fernanda; Agustin-Panadero, Rubén; Fons-Font, Antonio; Labaig-Rueda, Carlos

    2013-10-01

    The rehabilitation of the atrophic maxilla by means of implant-supported prostheses cannot always be achieved with fixed prostheses because of anatomic, esthetic, or economic issues, so for some patients the treatment of choice is a removable prosthesis. This article analyzes a new design for implant-supported overdentures with horizontal or faciolingual insertion. Its retention system is based on frictional forces or stepped interlocking horizontal surfaces and is appropriate for patients with skeletal Class II or III relationships with severe maxillary atrophies. The design facilitates implant-prosthetic hygiene and improved esthetics in patients with nonparallel implants by hiding abutment screws. PMID:24079557

  17. 21 CFR 874.3695 - Mandibular implant facial prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 874.3695 Mandibular implant facial prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular implant...

  18. 21 CFR 874.3695 - Mandibular implant facial prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 874.3695 Mandibular implant facial prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular implant...

  19. Effect of simulated masticatory loading on the retention of stud attachments for implant overdentures.

    PubMed

    Abi Nader, S; de Souza, R F; Fortin, D; De Koninck, L; Fromentin, O; Albuquerque Junior, R F

    2011-03-01

    This study assessed the effect of simulated mastication on the retention of two stud attachment systems for 2-implants overdentures. Sixteen specimens, each simulating an edentulous ridge with implants and an overdenture were divided into two groups, according to the attachment system: Group I (Nobel Biocare ball-socket attachments) and Group II (Locator attachments). Retention forces were measured before and after 400,000 simulated masticatory loads in a customised device. Data were compared by two-way anova followed by Bonferroni test (? = 0·05). Group I presented significantly lower retention forces (Newtons) than Group II at baseline (10·6 ± 3·6 and 66·4 ± 16·0, respectively). However, differences were not significant after 400,000 loads (7·9 ± 4·3 and 21·6 ± 17·0). The number of cycles did not influence the measurements in Group I, whereas a non-linear descending curve was found for Group II. It was concluded that simulated mastication resulted in minor changes for the ball attachment tested. Nevertheless, it reduced the retention of Locator attachments to 40% of the baseline values, what suggests that mastication is a major factor associated with maintenance needs for this system. PMID:20819139

  20. Transition from a fixed implant dental prosthesis to an implant overdenture in an edentulous patient: a clinical report.

    PubMed

    Ali, Bolouri; Bhavani, Venkatachalam

    2014-09-01

    The lack of planning before implant placement and restoration in edentulous patients can lead to a number of problems. Prosthodontists are often faced with the challenge of re-treating patients who have only recently been treated. Although many reports discuss retreatment by fabricating all new prosthetic components, few discuss salvaging parts of the patient's existing prosthesis. This report details the treatment of an edentulous patient who presented with an implant-retained fixed dental prosthesis in the maxillary arch and no opposing prosthesis. The transition from an implant-retained fixed dental prosthesis to a removable implant- and tissue-supported overdenture that uses the patient's existing computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing milled titanium substructure is described. PMID:24582133

  1. Maxillary overdentures supported by four splinted direct metal laser sintering implants: a 3-year prospective clinical study.

    PubMed

    Mangano, Francesco; Luongo, Fabrizia; Shibli, Jamil Awad; Anil, Sukumaran; Mangano, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. Nowadays, the advancements in direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) technology allow the fabrication of titanium dental implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate implant survival, complications, and peri-implant marginal bone loss of DMLS implants used to support bar-retained maxillary overdentures. Materials and Methods. Over a 2-year period, 120 implants were placed in the maxilla of 30 patients (18 males, 12 females) to support bar-retained maxillary overdentures (ODs). Each OD was supported by 4 implants splinted by a rigid cobalt-chrome bar. At each annual follow-up session, clinical and radiographic parameters were assessed. The outcome measures were implant failure, biological and prosthetic complications, and peri-implant marginal bone loss (distance between the implant shoulder and the first visible bone-to-implant contact, DIB). Results. The 3-year implant survival rate was 97.4% (implant-based) and 92.9% (patient-based). Three implants failed. The incidence of biological complication was 3.5% (implant-based) and 7.1% (patient-based). The incidence of prosthetic complication was 17.8% (patient-based). No detrimental effects on marginal bone level were evidenced. Conclusions. The use of 4 DMLS titanium implants to support bar-retained maxillary ODs seems to represent a safe and successful procedure. Long-term clinical studies on a larger sample of patients are needed to confirm these results. PMID:25580124

  2. Maxillary Overdentures Supported by Four Splinted Direct Metal Laser Sintering Implants: A 3-Year Prospective Clinical Study

    PubMed Central

    Mangano, Francesco; Shibli, Jamil Awad; Anil, Sukumaran

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. Nowadays, the advancements in direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) technology allow the fabrication of titanium dental implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate implant survival, complications, and peri-implant marginal bone loss of DMLS implants used to support bar-retained maxillary overdentures. Materials and Methods. Over a 2-year period, 120 implants were placed in the maxilla of 30 patients (18 males, 12 females) to support bar-retained maxillary overdentures (ODs). Each OD was supported by 4 implants splinted by a rigid cobalt-chrome bar. At each annual follow-up session, clinical and radiographic parameters were assessed. The outcome measures were implant failure, biological and prosthetic complications, and peri-implant marginal bone loss (distance between the implant shoulder and the first visible bone-to-implant contact, DIB). Results. The 3-year implant survival rate was 97.4% (implant-based) and 92.9% (patient-based). Three implants failed. The incidence of biological complication was 3.5% (implant-based) and 7.1% (patient-based). The incidence of prosthetic complication was 17.8% (patient-based). No detrimental effects on marginal bone level were evidenced. Conclusions. The use of 4 DMLS titanium implants to support bar-retained maxillary ODs seems to represent a safe and successful procedure. Long-term clinical studies on a larger sample of patients are needed to confirm these results. PMID:25580124

  3. Stress-strain distribution at bone-implant interface of two splinted overdenture systems using 3D finite element analysis

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE This study was accomplished to assess the biomechanical state of different retaining methods of bar implant-overdenture. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two 3D finite element models were designed. The first model included implant overdenture retained by Hader-clip attachment, while the second model included two extracoronal resilient attachment (ERA) studs added distally to Hader splint bar. A non-linear frictional contact type was assumed between overdentures and mucosa to represent sliding and rotational movements among different attachment components. A 200 N was applied at the molar region unilaterally and perpendicular to the occlusal plane. Additionally, the mandible was restrained at their ramus ends. The maximum equivalent stress and strain (von Mises) were recorded and analyzed at the bone-implant interface level. RESULTS The values of von Mises stress and strain of the first model at bone-implant interface were higher than their counterparts of the second model. Stress concentration and high value of strain were recognized surrounding implant of the unloaded side in both models. CONCLUSION There were different patterns of stress-strain distribution at bone-implant interface between the studied attachment designs. Hader bar-clip attachment showed better biomechanical behavior than adding ERA studs distal to hader bar. PMID:24049576

  4. Evolution of the mandibular mesh implant.

    PubMed

    Salyer, K E; Johns, D F; Holmes, R E; Layton, J G

    1977-07-01

    Between 1960 and 1972, the Dallas Veterans Administration Hospital Maxillofacial Research Laboratory developed and made over 150 cast-mesh implants. Successive designs were ovoid, circular, and double-lumened in cross section to improve implant strength, surface area for bioattachment, and adjustability. Sleeves, collars, and bows were employed in the assembly of these implants, with an acrylic condylar head attached when indicated. In 1972, our laboratory developed a mandibular mesh tray, cast in one piece on a single sprue, with preservation of the vertically adjustable ramus. Stainless steel replaced Vitallium because of its greater malleability. Essentially, a lost-wax technique is used to cast the mesh tray. The model of a mandibular segment is duplicated as a refractory model. Mesh wax, made in our own custom-made die, is adapted to the refractory model. The unit is then sprued and invested. The wax is fired our of the mold in a gas furnace. Casting is done by the transferral of molten stainless steel from the crucible to the mold by centrifugal force in an electro-induction casting machine. Other mesh implants that have been developed are made from wire mesh, Dacron mesh, cast Ticonium, and hydroformed titanium. PMID:326787

  5. Single dental implant retained mandibular complete dentures – influence of the loading protocol: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Over the years, there has been a strong consensus in dentistry that at least two implants are required to retain a complete mandibular denture. It has been shown in several clinical trials that one single median implant can retain a mandibular overdenture sufficiently well for up to 5 years without implant failures, when delayed loading was used. However, other trials have reported conflicting results with in part considerable failure rates when immediate loading was applied. Therefore it is the purpose of the current randomized clinical trial to test the hypothesis that immediate loading of a single mandibular midline implant with an overdenture will result in a comparable clinical outcome as using the standard protocol of delayed loading. Methods/design This prospective nine-center randomized controlled clinical trial is still ongoing. The final patient will complete the trial in 2016. In total, 180 edentulous patients between 60 and 89 years with sufficient complete dentures will receive one median implant in the edentulous mandible, which will retain the existing complete denture using a ball attachment. Loading of the median implant is either immediately after implant placement (experimental group) or delayed by 3 months of submerged healing at second-stage surgery (control group). Follow-up of patients will be performed for 24 months after implant loading. The primary outcome measure is non-inferiority of implant success rate of the experimental group compared to the control group. The secondary outcome measures encompass clinical, technical and subjective variables. The study was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German research foundation, KE 477/8-1). Discussion This multi-center clinical trial will give information on the ability of a single median implant to retain a complete mandibular denture when immediately loaded. If viable, this treatment option will strongly improve everyday dental practice. Trial registration The trial has been registered at Deutsches Register Klinischer Studien (German register of clinical trials) under DRKS-ID: DRKS00003730 since 23 August 2012. (http://www.germanctr.de). PMID:24884848

  6. 21 CFR 874.3695 - Mandibular implant facial prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 874.3695 Mandibular implant facial prosthesis...device is made of materials such as stainless steel, tantalum, titanium, cobalt-chromium based alloy,...

  7. 21 CFR 874.3695 - Mandibular implant facial prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 874.3695 Mandibular implant facial prosthesis...device is made of materials such as stainless steel, tantalum, titanium, cobalt-chromium based alloy,...

  8. 21 CFR 874.3695 - Mandibular implant facial prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 874.3695 Mandibular implant facial prosthesis...device is made of materials such as stainless steel, tantalum, titanium, cobalt-chromium based alloy,...

  9. Telescopic crowns as attachments for implant supported restorations: a case series.

    PubMed

    Hoffmann, Oliver; Beaumont, Christian; Tatakis, Dimitris N; Zafiropoulos, Gregory-George

    2006-01-01

    The use of dental implants to support mandibular or maxillary overdentures is a widely used treatment modality. Advantages are an increase in retention, an increase in chewing ability, and easy access for oral hygiene procedures. While telescopic and conical crowns have been used for decades to connect natural teeth to overdentures, not many cases have been reported in the literature of telescopic crowns placed on implants to support overdentures. This article describes 7 patients with overdentures supported by telescopic crowns who received 65 implants (ITI Straumann). The cases presented in this report have been in function for up to 4.5 years. During that time no adverse events were reported. The use of telescopic crowns as attachments for implant-supported overdentures may be a viable treatment option. PMID:17193931

  10. Immediate occlusal loading of freestanding implants using cortical satellite implants: preliminary report of a prospective study.

    PubMed

    Engelke, Wilfried; Decco, Oscar A; de las Mercedes Capobianco, María; Schwarzwäller, Wolfgang; Villavicencio, Milagros Mendoza

    2005-03-01

    Freestanding implants with mandibular overdentures are used frequently after 3 months' healing time. Immediate full loading may be applied to this approach if sufficient primary stability is provided. The present study evaluates the success rate of two single-standing interforaminal implants stabilized with cortical satellite implants and loaded immediately with overdentures. Twenty patients (five male and 15 female; age, 45-87 years) received two single-standing titanium screw implants (Semados, Bego, Bremen, Germany). All implants were stabilized during healing time with cortical satellite implants (2.0-mm bone screws; Medartis, Basel, Switzerland) via individual connectors attached to the implant abutment subgingivally. Mandibular overdentures were incorporated immediately after surgery using ball attachments as retentive elements. The patients were under no restrictions concerning diet and loading. The satellite implants were removed after 3 months. All implants were osseointegrated after 10 months' mean observation time. The mean Periotest value was -4.9, and the mean marginal bone loss was 0.7 mm. No dropouts were observed, and 19 of 20 patients would recommend the treatment to a close friend. Preliminary follow-up data indicate that cortical stabilization of two anterior mandibular implants with satellite implants leads to osseointegration of the implants under immediate load conditions with an overdenture. This concept contributes to reduction of prosthetic treatment costs and permits immediate enhancement of masticatory function. PMID:15764945

  11. Telescopic Overdenture Supported by a Combination of Tooth and an Implant: A Clinical Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ponsekar A. Abraham; Pradeep Koka; K. Murugesan; M. Vasanthakumar

    2010-01-01

    The conventional modality of treatment of partial edentulousness with reduced number of teeth was to render them complete\\u000a edentulous and provide them complete denture or an overdenture with support of few remaining teeth. The goal of maintenance\\u000a of roots are to prevent alveolar bone resorption, provide better load transmission, maintain sensory feedback and achieve\\u000a better stability of denture with emphasis

  12. Oral tactile sensibility recorded in overdenture wearers with implants or natural roots: a comparative study. Part 2.

    PubMed

    Mericske-Stern, R

    1994-01-01

    The capacity of dentate subjects to discriminate the thickness of objects placed between the teeth seems to depend on receptors in the periodontal ligament and muscles. The compensatory mechanism of ankylotic implants for the function of missing periodontal ligaments is not yet known. To investigate this question in overdenture wearers, 26 patients with ITI implants and 20 patients with natural roots were selected. According to the experimental protocol, the discriminatory ability was recorded with 10 steel foils (thickness ranging from 10 to 100 microns) placed between the premolars. Each thickness was tested 10 times and the test subjects were required to distinguish whether foil was positioned between the teeth. A maximum of 100 correct or 100 incorrect answers was possible. The average number of incorrect answers was significantly higher in test subjects with implants. The 50% limit (ie, the tested thickness recorded with at least 5 wrong answers) was established, but no statistically significant difference was found. In both groups, the critical tactile threshold of perceived thickness was 30 to 40 microns, with 2 being the average number of incorrect assessments. When comparing the minimal thickness, which was recorded without incorrect assessment, a significantly lower threshold was observed on patients with natural roots. Thus, active tactile sensibility appears to depend on the receptors in the periodontal ligament. However, wearing of removable prostheses is a modifying factor and may influence the oral tactile sensibility for both groups. PMID:8150514

  13. Fatigue failures of bar-attachment brazed joints for implant-supported overdentures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. N. Waddell; I. Ichim; H. Lee; L. Fangtao; A. G. T. Payne; M. V. Swain

    2007-01-01

    Oral implants are increasingly being used to enhance the mastication ability of edentulous patients using removable dentures. The dentures are connected by clips to beams brazed to gold cylinders, which are screwed onto abutments attached to as many as three to six implants generally placed in the anterior region of the mouth. Cantilever beams some 7–12mm in length support the

  14. CAD/CAM and telescopic technology: design options for implant-supported overdentures.

    PubMed

    Bergler, Michael; Holst, Stefan; Blatz, Markus B; Eitner, Stephan; Wichmann, Manfred

    2008-01-01

    There are many options with respect to materials, construction methods, and design concepts for the technical implementation of implant-supported dental prostheses. Different methods of anchorage can be used to attach removable superstructures to implants. Telescopic crowns make it possible to fabricate inexpensive superstructures with precise and passive fit. Computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) technology allows copings to be fabricated from materials such as zirconia or titanium. Moreover, CAD/CAM crown copings can serve as a base for fabricating customized ceramic replacement teeth. Different veneering techniques, such as pressed-on ceramics for zirconia cores, ensure a fast and economic work process. With the use of electroforming it is possible to manufacture highly precise secondary structures that ensure passive seating of the prosthesis in a stable position. This article demonstrates a restorative treatment option using current techniques with the aim of rehabilitation with an esthetic and functional implant-supported removable denture. PMID:19655559

  15. Force Transfer and Stress Distribution in an Implant-Supported Overdenture Retained with a Hader Bar Attachment: A Finite Element Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Satheesh Kumar, Preeti; Satheesh, Kumar K. S.; John, Jins; Patil, Geetha; Patel, Ruchi

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objectives. A key factor for the long-term function of a dental implant is the manner in which stresses are transferred to the surrounding bone. The effect of adding a stiffener to the tissue side of the Hader bar helps to reduce the transmission of the stresses to the alveolar bone. But the ideal thickness of the stiffener to be attached to the bar is a subject of much debate. This study aims to analyze the force transfer and stress distribution of an implant-supported overdenture with a Hader bar attachment. The stiffener of the bar attachments was varied and the stress distribution to the bone around the implant was studied. Methods. A CT scan of edentulous mandible was used and three models with 1, 2, and 3?mm thick stiffeners were created and subjected to loads of emulating the masticatory forces. These different models were analyzed by the Finite Element Software (Ansys, Version 8.0) using von Mises stress analysis. Results. The results showed that the maximum stress concentration was seen in the neck of the implant for models A and B. In model C the maximum stress concentration was in the bar attachment making it the model with the best stress distribution, as far as implant failures are concerned. Conclusion. The implant with Hader bar attachment with a 3?mm stiffener is the best in terms of stress distribution, where the stress is concentrated at the bar and stiffener regions. PMID:24459589

  16. Long-term experience with telescopically retained overdentures (double crown technique).

    PubMed

    Coca, I; Lotzmann, U; Pöggeler, R

    2000-03-01

    To evaluate the long term results of telescopically retained overdentures, 92 patients with a total of 106 overdentures on 236 teeth were examined after two to eleven years. Thirty-three teeth were lost during the follow-up period. A higher tooth survival rate of the double-crowned teeth was found under mandibular overdentures (92%) than under maxillary overdentures (86%) after five years. The palladium-silver-alloy used seemed to be more suitable for telescopic crowns than the use of precious gold-copper-alloys because of tarnishing the latter alloys. PMID:11307388

  17. Conventional radiography and cross-sectional imaging when planning dental implants in the anterior edentulous mandible to support an overdenture: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Glenny, A-M; Goodwin, M; Brunton, P; Horner, K

    2014-01-01

    The objectives for this systematic review were to determine if the pre-operative availability of cross-sectional imaging, such as cone beam CT, has a diagnostic impact, therapeutic impact or impact on patients' outcome when placing two dental implants in the anterior mandible to support an overdenture. The Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register (CENTRAL), MEDLINE® and Embase were searched up to, and including, February 2013. Studies were considered eligible for inclusion if they compared the impact of conventional and cross-sectional imaging when placing dental implants in sites including the anterior mandible. An adapted quality assessment tool was used for the assessment of the risk of bias in included studies. Pooled quantitative analysis was not possible and, therefore, synthesis was qualitative. Of 2374 potentially eligible papers, 5 studies were included. Little can be determined from a synthesis of these studies because of their small number, clinical diversity and high risks of bias. Notwithstanding, it may be tentatively inferred that cross-sectional imaging has a therapeutic impact in the more challenging cases. In terms of impact, this review has found no evidence to support any specific imaging modality when planning dental implant placement in any region of the mouth. Therefore, those who argue that cross-sectional imaging should be used for the assessment of all dental implant sites are unsupported by evidence. PMID:24271462

  18. Immediate implant supported bridgework simultaneous with jaw reconstruction for a patient with mandibular osteosarcoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. L. Hutchison; A. Dawood; S. Tanner

    2009-01-01

    A patient with mandibular osteosarcoma underwent full immediate dental rehabilitation including insertion of dental implants and immediately loaded implant bridgework in the same operation as surgical resection of the tumour and scapular composite free flap reconstruction. Planning and pre-production of the titanium reconstruction plate, drill guides and bridgework using a 3D stereolithographic model of the patient's jaw is described. The

  19. Immediate implant supported bridgework simultaneous with jaw reconstruction for a patient with mandibular osteosarcoma.

    PubMed

    Hutchison, I L; Dawood, A; Tanner, S

    2009-02-14

    A patient with mandibular osteosarcoma underwent full immediate dental rehabilitation including insertion of dental implants and immediately loaded implant bridgework in the same operation as surgical resection of the tumour and scapular composite free flap reconstruction. Planning and pre-production of the titanium reconstruction plate, drill guides and bridgework using a 3D stereolithographic model of the patient's jaw is described. The advantage of this immediate full rehabilitation of an oncology patient is compared with the potential disadvantages. PMID:19218947

  20. An Alternative Technique for Fabrication of Frameworks in an Immediate Loading Implant Fixed Mandibular Prosthesis

    PubMed Central

    Paleari, André Gustavo; Presoto, Cristina Dupim; Vasconcelos, Juliano Alencar; Nunes Reis, José Maurício dos Santos; Pinelli, Lígia Antunes Pereira; Tavares da Silva, Regina Helena Barbosa; Quishida, Cristiane Campos Costa

    2015-01-01

    The oral rehabilitation of edentulous patients with immediate loading has become a safe procedure with high predictability. The success is related to immediate fabrication of a passive fit framework to attach the implants. Based on these considerations, this case report shows an alternative technique for mandibular rehabilitation using implants immediately loaded, where the framework was fabricated using cylinders with internal reinforcement and precast pieces, electrowelding, and conventional welding providing esthetics and function to the patient in a short period of time. PMID:25628899

  1. Outcome of partial mandibular reconstruction with fibula grafts and implant-supported prostheses.

    PubMed

    Parbo, N; Murra, N T; Andersen, K; Buhl, J; Kiil, B; Nørholt, S E

    2013-11-01

    This study sought to evaluate the outcome of patients treated with fibula grafts for partial mandibular reconstruction and implant-supported prosthesis at a Danish university hospital. Patient inclusion criteria were: partial mandibular resection, reconstruction with a fibula graft, and treatment during the period 1998-2011. Patients with incomplete medical records were excluded. Thirty-six patients were included, of whom 16 were treated with an implant-supported prosthesis. Relevant presurgical, intraoperative, and postoperative parameters were registered. The fibula graft survival rate at the last follow-up (mean follow-up 22 months, range 0-89 months) was 97%. Half of the patients experienced non-severe complications such as loosening of osteosynthesis material, fistulae, and graft exposure. One of 37 fibula grafts in the 36 patients was removed due to infection. The implant survival rate was 96%; three of 67 implants were lost due to infection. Eight implants were not included in the prosthetic rehabilitation. Fibula graft surgery for mandibular reconstruction was found to be a reliable treatment modality with a high survival rate. Rehabilitation with implant-supported prostheses was characterized by high survival rates and few complications. The results obtained are comparable to those of previous studies. PMID:23773236

  2. Experimental findings on customized mandibular implants in Göttingen minipigs - a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Markwardt, J; Sembdner, P; Lesche, R; Jung, R; Spekl, K; Mai, R; Schulz, M C; Reitemeier, B

    2014-01-01

    Reconstructing continuity defects of the mandible is still challenging for surgeons. The currently applied conventional titanium bridging plates have considerable rates of complications. Now, a new technology enables an individual shape-identical creation of a mandibular implant in a form-board design by the method of LaserCUSING using pure titanium. This technology has been successfully performed in previous examinations to individually reconstruct mandibular continuity defects. This pilot study evaluated the surgical procedure in 10 female Göttingen mini pigs. First, a computed tomography scan from a mini pig cranium was performed. A three-dimensional model of the mandible was designed by data conversion. Based on the data, a customized mandibular implant resembling the natural shape was virtually created and manufactured. Then, a continuity defect of the left mandible was created in a standardized way. The implants were inserted into the defect and the wounds were allowed to heal for 21, 35, 56 and 180 days. During the healing period, no signs of inflammation or infection were observed. After the sacrifice of the minipigs the mandibles were resected. Histological microsections using Donath's sawing and grinding technique were manufactured and stained with Masson Goldner trichrome staining. The histomorphological results showed a pronounced ossification at the outer and inner surface of the implants. This animal study describes a promising approach to optimize customized implants for the application in humans. PMID:24189298

  3. Prosthodontic management of flat mandibular ridge by mini implant supported over denture.

    PubMed

    Garhnayak, Mirna; Garhnayak, Lokanath; Dev, Shruti; Kar, Aswini Kumar; Mohapatra, Abhijita

    2014-07-01

    Loosening of lower denture has always been a common complaint of denture wearer, particularly in case of severe bone resorption. Various treatment modalities including preprosthetic surgery or ridge augmentation therapy to improve the ridge height and conventional implant treatments are available. But many patients are not willing to undergo through such extensive surgical procedure or conventional twin stage implant therapy owing to the chronic old age ailment and cost factor. So mini implant (SENDAX MDI) supported over denture is a boon for them who want a quick and minimally invasive solution, with a much lower cost. In this article we shall discuss the case report of a 60-year-old female patient with atropic mandibular ridge rehabilitated with MDI, (mini dental implant), Sendax mini implant. PMID:25177653

  4. Prosthodontic Management of Flat Mandibular Ridge by Mini Implant Supported Over Denture

    PubMed Central

    Garhnayak, Lokanath; Dev, Shruti; Kar, Aswini Kumar; Mohapatra, Abhijita

    2014-01-01

    Loosening of lower denture has always been a common complaint of denture wearer, particularly in case of severe bone resorption. Various treatment modalities including preprosthetic surgery or ridge augmentation therapy to improve the ridge height and conventional implant treatments are available. But many patients are not willing to undergo through such extensive surgical procedure or conventional twin stage implant therapy owing to the chronic old age ailment and cost factor. So mini implant (SENDAX MDI) supported over denture is a boon for them who want a quick and minimally invasive solution, with a much lower cost. In this article we shall discuss the case report of a 60-year-old female patient with atropic mandibular ridge rehabilitated with MDI, (mini dental implant), Sendax mini implant. PMID:25177653

  5. Remedy for Repeated Implant Retained Denture Fracture-A Challenging Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Reddy M, Ramu; Metta, Kiran Kumar; Charry N, Sudheer; B, Chittaranjan

    2014-01-01

    The most common site of fracture in a maxillary or a mandibular complete denture is along an anteroposterior line that coincides with the labial notch in in the denture which used to provide the frenum relief. Osseointegrated implants have been a boon to the patients who are completelly edentulous and are not satisfied with the conventional removable complete denture approach.Implant supported dentures have proven to provide superior retention and support for removable complete dentures. Nevertheless, fracture of the denture bases is a common complication of implant-supported mandibular overlay dentures,ecspecially when the artificial denture is opposing natural dentition. This article describes and illustrates a method of reinforcing implant-supported mandibular overdentures to overcome this problem. PMID:25584333

  6. Immediate loading of maxillary and mandibular implant-supported fixed complete dentures: a 1- to 10-year retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Ji, Ting-Jen; Kan, Joseph Y K; Rungcharassaeng, Kitichai; Roe, Phillip; Lozada, Jaime L

    2012-09-01

    This study evaluated the success rates of 50 full-arch maxillary and/or mandibular implant-supported fixed complete dentures. After a mean follow-up time of 42.1 months, 269 implants remained in function, which corresponded to cumulative implant success rates of 85.2% and an absolute success rate of 90.6% (269/297 implants). This study suggested that higher implant failure rates might be associated with a dental history of bruxism (29.3%) vs no history of bruxism (4.6%) and surgeons with limited experience (?5 years; 12.2%) vs surgeons with experience (2.4%). PMID:21942324

  7. LASER sintered one-piece early-loaded dental implants for mandibular premolars replacement.

    PubMed

    El-Gammal, Mona; Ghoneem, Nahed; Tawfik, Heba; Madina, Manal Abou; Maria, Ola M

    2015-02-01

    This study was designed to evaluate laser-sintered early-loaded 1-piece implants (OPI) based on clinical and radiographic findings. Thirty OPI were placed in the mandibular premolar area and subjected to early loading after 3 weeks of initial placement; patients were followed up for 6 months. Clinical evaluation included pocket depth, gingival health, implant stability, and esthetics. Periapical radiographs were used to measure the marginal bone loss (MBL). All implants were considered successful resulting in a survival rate of 100%. A remarkable difference (P < 0.01) existed when comparing MBL levels at 1 month with those at 3 and 6 months. Significant differences (P < 0.01) existed when comparing implant stability at 1 month to 3 months and at 3 months to 6 months. Moreover, significant differences (P < 0.01) were observed when comparing peri-implant probing depth at 1 month to that at 3 and 6 months on both the mesial and distal sides. The mean value of pink esthetic score was 11 at time of final restoration. The laser-treated early-loaded OPI design is associated with satisfactory clinical and radiographic follow-up results and it is a good alternative to the 2-piece design. PMID:23413822

  8. BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF THE STRESSES GENERATED BY DIFFERENT DISOCCLUSION PATTERNS IN AN IMPLANT-SUPPORTED MANDIBULAR COMPLETE DENTURE

    PubMed Central

    Greco, Gustavo Diniz; Jansen, Wellington Corrêa; Landre, Janis; Seraidarian, Paulo Isaías

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: This study evaluated by three-dimensional finite element analysis the tensions generated by different disocclusion patterns (canine guide and bilateral balanced occlusion) in an implant-supported mandibular complete denture. Material and Methods: A three-dimensional model of implant-supported mandibular complete denture was fabricated according to the Brånemark protocol. A 5-element 3.75 x 13-mm screw-shape dental implant system was modeled for this study. The implants were located in the intermental foramen region with 3-mm-high prosthetic components joined by a nickel-chromium framework with 12-mm bilateral cantilever covered by acrylic resin and 12 acrylic denture teeth. SolidWorks® software was used before and after processing the simulations. The mechanical properties of the components were inserted in the model and a 15 N load was established in fixed points, in each one of the simulations. Data were collected in the entire nickel-chromium framework. The results were displayed three-dimensionally as color graphic scales. Results: The canine guide generated greater tensions in the region of the first implant, while the bilateral balanced occlusion generated great tensions in the entire metallic framework. The maximum tension found in the simulation of the bilateral balanced occlusion was 3.22 fold higher than the one found in the simulation of the disocclusion in canine guide. Conclusion: The pattern of disocclusion in canine guide is the ideal for implant-supported mandibular complete denture. PMID:19936535

  9. A quantitative anatomical study on posterior mandibular interradicular safe zones for miniscrew implantation in the beagle.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhiqiang; Li, Yu; Deng, Feng; Song, Jinlin; Zhao, Zhihe

    2008-01-01

    With the increasing expansion of miniscrew anchorage use in orthodontic treatment, more and more studies have been and will be carried out on the biochemistry, biomechanics and side effects of miniscrews in vivo. In such studies, a beagle has been the most commonly used animal model and its mandibular interradicular zones have been the greatest focus of interest. However, interradicular miniscrews risk failure by being loosened due to collision with adjacent roots. Therefore, it is necessary for the surgeon to be familiar with the anatomy of a beagle's mandible, especially that of the interradicular zones. This study has been performed to investigate the beagle's mandibular interradicular safe zones for miniscrew implantation to provide an anatomical guide for this type of study. Twenty-four beagle corpses were collected. Their mandible specimens were ground parallel to the respective buccal alveolar surface using a model trimmer until a horizontal plane was obtained, which was then sectioned on the line passing each tooth's central groove. In the image of this plane, cut at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mm beneath the top of the alveolar crest, the mesiodistal width between the roots of P2 and P3, P3 and P4, P4 and M1 and the mesial and distal roots of M1 were measured, respectively. Zones of mesiodistal width measurement larger than 3.2 mm were found between P4 and M1, below the 8mm cut and between the mesial and distal roots of M1, below the 4 mm cut. In addition, between P2 and P3, below the 8mm cut and between P3 and P4, below the 10 mm cut, the mesiodistal width measurement was larger than 2.2 mm. The mandibular interradicular safe zones for miniscrew implantation in the dog were located between the mesial and distal roots of M1 and between the roots of P4 and M1, where there was enough mesiodistal width. Alveolar bone was relatively narrow between P2 and P3, P3 and P4, where care must be taken during implanting. PMID:18420397

  10. Four-year longitudinal study of the periodontal health status of overdenture patients.

    PubMed

    Renner, R P; Gomes, B C; Shakun, M L; Baer, P N; Davis, R K; Camp, P

    1984-05-01

    Seven patients with a total of 12 roots were treated with overdentures (maxillary, mandibular, or both) and recalled at 6-month intervals for a period of 4 years. A periodontist evaluated the periodontal health status of the abutment roots after complete periodontal therapy, immediately prior to placement of the overdentures, and at all recall visits. The gingival tissues around all the abutments were slightly erythematous and edematous and bled on probing. There were no statistically significant changes in pocket depth or in apparent width of attached gingiva on an intra-arch basis. However, statistically significant changes were found on comparison between the maxillary and mandibular arches. Over the 4-year period 50% of the roots remained immobile, 25% of the roots that were initially mobile exhibited no mobility, and 25% of the roots decreased in mobility. Five of 14 roots in eight patients (35.7% of the abutment roots) developed dental caries. Periodic recalls to reinforce plaque control measures, to provide adjunctive periodontal therapy, and to correct and adjust the prostheses of patients treated with overdentures are important factors in the longterm success of this treatment modality. Biomechanically, treatment of patients with overdentures is a valid practical alternative to complete dentures. PMID:6374114

  11. Hematoma of the floor of the mouth and airway obstruction during mandibular dental implant placement: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. Del Castillo-Pardo de Vera; J. M. López-Arcas Calleja; M. Burgueño-García

    2008-01-01

    Background  Hematoma of the floor of the mouth during mandibular dental implant placement is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Report  A 53-year-old man developed a hematoma of the floor of the mouth following a dental implant procedure, requiring admission\\u000a to the hospital.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Summary  The floor of the mouth is richly vascularized by a number of branches of the submental and sublingual arteries.

  12. Pain Sensation and Postsurgical Complications in Posterior Mandibular Implant Placement Using Ridge Mapping, Panoramic Radiography, and Infiltration Anesthesia

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate intrasurgical and after surgical, pain and the incidence of after surgical alteration of sensation in the mandible and lower lip when placing implants in the posterior mandible using ridge mapping, panoramic radiography, and infiltration anesthesia. Methods. This was a longitudinal clinical study of healthy patients needing implant placement in the posterior mandible. After thorough examination and treatment plan using ridge mapping and panoramic radiography, all patients received dental implants under local infiltration anesthesia. The patients were then given a questionnaire to assess the pain during anesthesia and implant surgery. Change of sensation in the lower lip was evaluated by standard neurosensory examination tests at 7 days and 1 and 4 months. Prosthetic treatment was carried out 4 months postsurgery and the patients were followed for an average of 28.5 months afterwards. Results. A total of 103 implants were placed in 62 patients. Patients reported very minor pain during injection. No pain was reported during either implant placement or bone grafting procedures. No alteration of sensation in the mandible or lower lip was recorded postsurgery. Conclusion. In most cases, ridge mapping, panoramic radiography, and infiltration anesthesia are sufficient for posterior mandibular implant placement without pain or complications. PMID:23762571

  13. High-energy electron and photon therapy to the parotid bed: radiation dose perturbations with a titanium mandibular implant.

    PubMed

    Menard, C M; Bews, J; Skoracki, R I; Chowdhury, A D

    1999-11-01

    Adjuvant radiation therapy to the parotid bed is commonly administered following surgical resection using either a pair of angled wedged photon beams or an ipsilateral mixed-beam portal of electrons and photons. The present study seeks to determine the optimal parotid bed treatment technique in the presence of a titanium mandibular implant by investigating perturbations in the dose distribution deep to this implant for a 15-MeV electron beam and a 6-MV photon beam. A titanium mandibular plate was embedded in a tissue-equivalent phantom, and irradiated with 15-MeV electrons, and 6 MV photons. Radiation doses behind the plate were measured with both thermoluminescent dosimeters and radiographic film. With 15-MeV electrons, there is a clinically significant decrease in the dose beyond the titanium plate, which is most important at 5-mm and 10-mm depths (18-27%). With 6-MV photons the dose at the deep interface of titanium and tissue is reduced by between 15 and 18%, but rapidly drops to < 5% at a depth of 5 mm. In adjuvant treatment to the parotid bed, when the clinical target volume includes tissue positioned deep to a titanium implant, significant underdosage occurs with ipsilateral beam arrangements, especially when electrons are used. PMID:10901966

  14. Comparison of Stresses Around Dental Implants Placed in Normal and Fibula Reconstructed Mandibular Models using Finite Element Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Ariga, Padma

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: This study was formulated to evaluate and compare stresses around endosseous implants in various normal and fibula reconstructed mandibular models using finite element analysis method. Materials and Methods: CT scan data of a completely edentulous patient and a fibula reconstructed patient was made and the Dicom images were used to design 3-D mandibular models using software. Based on the information from the scan data, various types of reconstructed FEA models were made. Implants (fixtures) and superstructures were then embedded in each model and Von Mises stress around the neck of each implant under a vertical loading of 200 N and Horizontal load of 50 N was calculated using finite element structural analysis software. The results were compared between the reconstructed mandible and their respective normal mandible. Results: Higher stress values were obtained for all the reconstructed types under horizontal loading and in reconstructed models involving larger area of reconstruction the stress were more. In the models involving smaller area of reconstruction like symphysis alone or body alone there is no significant change in the stress values on vertical loading. Conclusion: Stresses were comparatively smaller in mandibles involving a smaller area of reconstruction. Hence, fixed prosthesis could be advised and a bar retained over denture for reconstruction for larger area of reconstruction. PMID:25302267

  15. Finite element analysis of dental implant loading on atrophic and non-atrophic cancellous and cortical mandibular bone - a feasibility study.

    PubMed

    Marcián, Petr; Borák, Libor; Valášek, Ji?í; Kaiser, Jozef; Florian, Zden?k; Wolff, Jan

    2014-12-18

    The first aim of this study was to assess displacements and micro-strain induced on different grades of atrophic cortical and trabecular mandibular bone by axially loaded dental implants using finite element analysis (FEA). The second aim was to assess the micro-strain induced by different implant geometries and the levels of bone-to-implant contact (BIC) on the surrounding bone. Six mandibular bone segments demonstrating different grades of mandibular bone atrophy and various bone volume fractions (from 0.149 to 0.471) were imaged using a micro-CT device. The acquired bone STL models and implant (Brånemark, Straumann, Ankylos) were merged into a three-dimensional finite elements structure. The mean displacement value for all implants was 3.1 ±1.2 µm. Displacements were lower in the group with a strong BIC. The results indicated that the maximum strain values of cortical and cancellous bone increased with lower bone density. Strain distribution is the first and foremost dependent on the shape of bone and architecture of cancellous bone. The geometry of the implant, thread patterns, grade of bone atrophy and BIC all affect the displacement and micro-strain on the mandible bone. Preoperative finite element analysis could offer improved predictability in the long-term outlook of dental implant restorations. PMID:25468296

  16. Advanced predoctoral implant program at UIC: description and qualitative analysis.

    PubMed

    Afshari, Fatemeh S; Yuan, Judy Chia-Chun; Quimby, Anastasiya; Harlow, Rand; Campbell, Stephen D; Sukotjo, Cortino

    2014-05-01

    Dental implant education has increasingly become an integral part of predoctoral dental curricula. However, the majority of implant education emphasizes the restorative aspect as opposed to the surgical. The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry has developed an Advanced Predoctoral Implant Program (APIP) that provides a select group of students the opportunity to place implants for single-tooth restorations and mandibular overdentures. This article describes the rationale, logistics, experiences, and perspectives of an innovative approach to provide additional learning experiences in the care of patients with partial and complete edentulism using implant-supported therapies. Student and faculty perspectives on the APIP were ascertained via focus group discussions and a student survey. The qualitative analysis of this study suggests that the select predoctoral dental students highly benefited from this experience and intend to increase their knowledge and skills in implant dentistry through formal education following graduation. Furthermore, the survey indicates that the APIP has had a positive influence on the students' interest in surgically placing implants in their future dental practice and their confidence level in restoring and surgically placing implants. PMID:24789837

  17. Removable partial overdentures for the irradiated patient

    SciTech Connect

    Rosenberg, S.W. (New York Univ. School of Dentistry, NY (USA))

    1990-10-01

    Patients who have received radiotherapy to the head and neck area must avoid dental extractions and seek simplicity in treatment and home care follow-up. For partially edentulous patients, removable partial overdenture therapy can fulfill these goals while maintaining the high level of function and aesthetics desired by patients.11 references.

  18. Management of overdenture abutments health by an innovative cleaning aid.

    PubMed

    Mall, Priyanka; Singh, Kamleshwar; Singh, Saumyendra Vikram; Agrawal, Kaushal Kishor; Siddharth, Ramashanker; Chand, Pooran

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a method for fabrication of a custom-made device for cleaning dome-shaped overdenture abutments. A kid toothbrush and a rubber cup were used for fabrication of a prophylactic device. After regular use of this device periodontal health status of the overdenture abutments patients improved satisfactorily. PMID:23230248

  19. The role of superstructure material on the stress distribution in mandibular full-arch implant-supported fixed dentures. A CT-based 3D-FEA.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, Mayara Barbosa; Barão, Valentim Adelino; Faverani, Leonardo Perez; Hipólito, Ana Carolina; Assunção, Wirley Gonçalves

    2014-02-01

    This study evaluated the stress distribution in mandibular full-arch implant-supported fixed dentures with different veneering and metallic infrastructure materials, using three-dimensional finite element analysis. Ten models were obtained from an edentulous human mandible with a complete denture fixed by four implants. Acrylic resin (RES) and porcelain (POR) teeth were associated with infrastructures of titanium (Ti), gold (Au), silver-palladium (AgPd), chrome-cobalt (CoCr) and nickel-chrome (NiCr). A 100-N oblique was applied. The von Mises (?vM) and maximum (?max) and minimum (?min) principal stresses were obtained. The RES-AgPd group showed the lowest ?vM values, while the RES-Ni-Cr group showed the highest. In the bone tissue, the RES-Au group was the only one that showed different ?max values with a 12% increase in comparison to the other groups which had similar stress values. In the implants, the groups with Ti, Au and AgPd infrastructures, either with porcelain or resin teeth, showed ?vM values similar and lower in comparison to the groups with CoCr and NiCr infrastructures. The tooth veneering material influenced the stress values in metallic infrastructures, in which the acrylic resin had the highest values. The veneering and infrastructure materials have influence on stress values of implant-supported dentures, except for the peri-implant bone tissue. PMID:24411356

  20. Implant-supported denture rehabilitation on a hemimandibulectomized patient: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Carini, Fabrizio; Gatti, Giambattista; Saggese, Vito; Monai, Dario; Porcaro, Gianluca

    2012-01-01

    Summary Aim of the study the treatment of oral cancer requires different surgical approaches such as marginal or segmental mandibular resection in order to allow a safe removal of the neoplastic lesion. The aim of this work is to evaluate the efficacy of an implant-supported denture rehabilitation for restoring oral function and facial appearance on a hemimandibulectomized patient. Materials and methods the patient was a 64 years old man, hard smoker and moderate drinker. Due to a jaw neoplastic lesion, he underwent a hemimandibulectomy, followed by the insertion of 4 implant fixtures at the chin cap symphysis site. The denture rehabilitation consisted in an over-denture mounted onto a bar furnished by a condylar eminence in articulation with the glenoid fossa of the upper denture. Results this type of implant-supported denture rehabilitation allows the recovery of the masticatory function and the mandibular reposition with a satisfactory restoration of the proper facial symmetry and appearance. Conclusion in the edentulous patient implant-supported denture with artificial condyle allows the recovery of the masticatory function without the need of additional operations to re-establish the temporomandibular joint anatomy. It is currently considered as a low invasive technique with very low risk of side effects. PMID:23285319

  1. The effects of elevated hemoglobin A1c in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus on dental implants

    PubMed Central

    Oates, Thomas W.; Galloway, Patrick; Alexander, Peggy; Green, Adriana Vargas; Huynh-Ba, Guy; Feine, Jocelyn; McMahan, C. Alex

    2015-01-01

    Background The authors conducted a prospective cohort study to determine whether poor glycemic control is a contraindication to implant therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods The study sample consisted of 117 edentulous patients, each of whom received two mandibular implants, for a total of 234 implants. Implant-retained mandibular overdentures were loaded after a four-month healing period and followed up for an additional one year. The authors assessed implant survival and stability (by means of resonance frequency analysis) relative to glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, with baseline levels up to 11.1 percent and levels as high as 13.3 percent over one year. Results Implant survival rates for 110 of 117 patients who were followed up for one year after loading were 99.0 percent, 98.9 percent and 100 percent, respectively, for patients who did not have diabetes (n = 47), those with well-controlled diabetes (n = 44) and those with poorly controlled diabetes (n = 19). The authors considered the seven patients lost to follow-up as having had failed implants; consequently, their conservative estimates of survival rates in the three groups were 93.0 percent, 92.6 percent and 95.0 percent (P = .6510) . Two implants failed at four weeks, one in the nondiabetes group and the other in the well-con trolled diabetes group. Delays in implant stabilization were related directly to poor glycemic control. Conclusions The results of this study indicate that elevated HbA1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes were not associated with altered implant survival one year after loading. However, alterations in early bone healing and implant stability were associated with hyperglycemia. Practical Implications Within the clinical parameters of this study, the findings indicate likely implant success among patients with type 2 diabetes who lacked good glycemic control. Further investigation, including longer-term evaluation, is needed. PMID:25429035

  2. Laser micro-grooved, Arginine-Glycine-Apspartic acid (RGD) coated dental implants, a 5 years radiographic follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Alkhodary, Mohamed Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Objectives This work has utilized laser direct writing to produce 10 microns wide uniform grooves on the surface of custom made titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) dental implants, and the tri-peptide RGD coating to produce a micromechanical and a chemical union with the tissues around the implant crest module and minimize crestal bone loss. The aim of this study was to follow these implants radiographically after five years of service under a mandibular overdenture. Methodology Standardized digital periapical radiographs and the computer software “Image J” were used to evaluate the bone density profile and vertical bone loss along the mesial and distal sides of the implants used in this study. Results The results of this study demonstrated less vertical bone loss and higher bone density profiles next to the laser microgrooved implants coated with the RGD than those only having the laser micro-grooves. Conclusion The RGD coating has improved the bone density profile and reduced the vertical bone loss around the studied dental implants. However, further studies are needed to compare the effects of the laser micro-grooves versus other uniform or non uniform surface features; also, the RGD coating should be compared to other biomimetic surface coating materials.

  3. Implant-retained mandibular bar-supported overlay dentures: a finite element stress analysis of four different bar heights.

    PubMed

    Rismanchian, Mansoor; Dakhilalian, Mansour; Bajoghli, Farshad; Ghasemi, Ehsan; Sadr-Eshkevari, Pooyan

    2012-04-01

    Proper stress distribution on dental implants is necessary in bar-retained implant overlay dentures. We aimed to comparatively assess this stress distribution according to different bar heights using finite element models. A three-dimensional (3D) computer model of mandible with 2 implants (ITI, 4.1 mm diameter and 12 mm length) in canine areas and an overlying implant-supported bar-retained overlay denture were simulated with 0-, 1-, 2-, and 3-mm bar heights using ABAQUS software. A vertical force was applied to the left first molar and gradually increased from 0 to 50 N. The resultant stress distribution was evaluated. Bars of 1 and 2 mm in height transferred the least stress to the implants (3.882 and 3.896 MPa, respectively). The 0-mm height of the bar connection transferred the highest stress value (4.277 MPa). The amount of stress transferred by 3-mm heights of the bar connection was greater than that of 1- and 2-mm bar connections and smaller than that of 0-mm bar connection (4.165 kgN). This 3D finite element analysis study suggested that the use of Dolder bar attachment with 1- and 2-mm heights could be associated with appropriate stress distribution for implant-retained overlay dentures. PMID:20545552

  4. Evaluation of speech in patients rehabilitated with various oral implant-supported prostheses.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, R; Manders, E; Van Looy, C; Lembrechts, D; Naert, I; van Steenberghe, D

    2001-04-01

    In the present study, speech function was assessed in edentulous patients wearing fixed or removable dental prostheses supported or not by oral implants. A total of 138 patients participated in the present research. The experimental group (n=113) was divided in 4 subgroups. Subgroup FD/FFPi comprised 22 patients with a maxillary full denture (=FD) and a mandibular fixed full prosthesis on implants (=FFPi). Subgroup FFPi/ND consisted of 27 patients with a maxillary fixed full prosthesis on implants and a natural dentition (=ND) in the mandible. Subgroup FD/ODi included 49 patients wearing a maxillary full denture and a mandibular overdenture on 2 implants (=ODi). Subgroup FFPi/FFPi comprised 15 patients having a fixed full prosthesis on implants in both jaws. The outcome of the logopedic screening of the experimental group was compared with that of a control group of subjects having a natural dentition (ND/ND; n=25). A standard clinical procedure for evaluation of speech was carried out by a speech pathologist. Besides, specific oral and prosthetic parameters were scored in all patients. It was established that one or more pronunciation difficulties occurred in 84% of the patients of the experimental group. This was significantly more than in the control group, where half the number of subjects had some speech deficiencies. No clear influence of specific oral and prosthetic parameters could be identified. From the present results, it could be concluded that in patients rehabilitated with oral implant-supported prostheses speech disorder is more frequently observed than in subjects with a natural dentition. PMID:11251667

  5. Cemented and screw-retained implant-supported single-tooth restorations in the molar mandibular region: A retrospective comparison study after an observation period of 1 to 4 years

    PubMed Central

    Peñarrocha-Diago, Miguel; Pradíes, Guillermo; Sola-Ruiz, María-Fernanda; Agustín-Panadero, Rubén

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival and compare the appearance of different mechanical and biological complications, in screw-retained and cemented-retained single-tooth implant-supported restorations localized in the molar mandibular region, over a period of 1 to 4 years. Material and Methods: A retrospective study was carried out with a total of eighty implant-supported restorations, which were placed in eighty patients for prosthetic rehabilitation of a mandibular molar. Forty patients were rehabilitated with a cemented-retained restoration and the other forty with a screw-retained restoration. The presence of the following complications was recorded for both types of prostheses: Fractures of the ceramic veneering, loosening screws, mucositis and peri-implantitis. Debonding of the restoration was analyzed in the cemented-retained restoration group. The clinical survival of crowns was analyzed with a Kaplan-Meier test and the clinical complications were compared, using a Student t test and Log-rank test. Results: 27 patients registered some complication. The average rate of complications was 37,5% for cemented-retained restorations and 30% for screw-retained restorations. The complications more common in the cemented-retained restoration were the presence of mucositis (14,87%), while in the screw-retained restorations was the loosening screw (20%). Student t test and Log-Rank test found significant differences (p=0,001) between the screw loosening and presence of mucositis. Conclusions: The cemented-retained restorations seem to prevent screw loosening, but the presence of cement seem to increase the complications around the soft tissues, however in the screw-retained restorations the presence of mucositis and peri-implantitis are lower than cemented-retained restorations. The incidence of fracture of ceramic veneering was similar in both groups. Key words:Screw-retained restorations, cemented-retained restorations, screw loosening, peri-implant diseases and fracture ceramic veneering.

  6. The central single implant in the edentulous mandible: improvement of function and quality of life. A report of 2 cases.

    PubMed

    Wolfart, Stefan; Braasch, Katja; Brunzel, Simone; Kern, Matthias

    2008-01-01

    Implant-retained overdentures are a reliable treatment option for edentulous patients, especially when only few implants can be placed. Internationally, 2 implants are considered adequate to retain an overdenture in the edentulous mandible. However, for many patients, 2 implants can be cost-prohibitive. By means of 2 clinical cases, it is shown that the insertion of a single implant in the middle of the mandible might stabilize the prosthesis and improve the oral health quality of life and the chewing function. A ball attachment with a screw-activated matrix was used to retain the overdenture. Early clinical results are promising. However, before this method can be recommended for general clinical application, long- term clinical results are needed. PMID:19107261

  7. Telescopic overdenture: Perio-prostho concern for advanced periodontitis

    PubMed Central

    Goswami, Roma; Mahajan, Puneet; Siwach, Amit; Gupta, Ankur

    2013-01-01

    The crown- and sleeve-coping denture is a removable prosthesis that is supported by both selectively retained teeth and the residual ridge or mucosa. It is a versatile and successful means of achieving long-term restoration of a partially edentulous jaw. Insertion and removal of the denture and routine oral hygiene are easy to perform. The beneficial results of this form of treatment can be considered for a wide variety of clinical applications for the severely advanced periodontitis case. This paper presents a case report on the prosthetic rehabilitation of a partially edentulous patient with a telescopic overdenture for the mandible and complete denture for the maxilla. PMID:24124317

  8. Regenerating Mandibular Bone Using rhBMP2: Part 1--Immediate Reconstruction of Segmental Mandibulectomies

    E-print Network

    Athanasiou, Kyriacos

    Regenerating Mandibular Bone Using rhBMP2: Part 1-- Immediate Reconstruction of Segmental with rhBMP2, implanted in the defect. The implant was then covered with a soft tissue envelope followed months. CT findings at 3 months showed that the newly regenerated mandibular bone had $50% of the bone

  9. Bifid Hyperplastic Mandibular Condyle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. S. Neelakandan; Darpan Bhargava

    Condylar hyperplasia is a rare non-neoplastic pathology associated with overgrowth of the mandibular condyle. Presentation\\u000a of condylar hyperplasia with bifid mandibular condyle has never been reported in literature. Early management of the hyperplastic\\u000a disorders of the mandibular condyle can prevent occlusal canting and developing asymmetric deformities. We report a case of\\u000a ‘Bifid Hyperplastic Mandibular Condyle’ in a 14-year-old male with

  10. Splinted mandibular protraction appliance

    PubMed Central

    Jena, Ashok Kumar; Singh, Satinder Pal

    2015-01-01

    Advancement of mandible rather than tooth movement is an ideal treatment for the correction of Class II malocclusion resulting from mandibular retrusion. In growing patients, forward repositioning of mandible by mandibular repositioning appliances is considered as a treatment of choice. Correction of mandibular retrusion by the conventional mandibular protraction appliances (MPAs) is mainly due to dento-alveolar changes and by altering the design of original MPAs, these limitations were minimized. The modified design enhanced the mandibular growth and contributed for the better skeletal correction of Class II malocclusion as compared to the conventional MPAs. This article highlights the design and fabrication of a splinted MPA for the correction of Class II malocclusion due to mandibular retrusion and also describes a patient managed by this appliance.

  11. The lateral fixation screw in implant dentistry.

    PubMed

    Sethi, A; Sochor, P

    2000-03-01

    This clinical report presents a means of retaining implant supported superstructures using lateral fixation screws (Novadent). 244 lateral fixation screws have been used for the retention of a variety of restorations including single teeth, short span and full arch bridgework as well as overdenture bars. Over a period of observation of 4 years, the authors have found the restorations to have effective retention, ease of retrievability, good aesthetics and occlusal contours. PMID:11307389

  12. Adaptation of overdenture-bars casted in different metals and their influence on the stress distribution--a laboratory and 3D FEA.

    PubMed

    dos Santos, Mateus B F; Caldas, Ricardo A; Zen, Bruno M; Bacchi, Atais; Correr-Sobrinho, Lourenço

    2015-01-01

    Adaptation at the implant/abutment interface is important to the long-term success of prosthetic rehabilitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adaptation of overdenture bar frameworks casted with different materials and the stress distribution of ill-fitted frameworks placement through 3-D finite element analysis (FEA). Thirty overdenture bar frameworks (n=10) were casted in different materials (Co-Cr, Ni-Cr, Ti). Vertical misfit of both abutments was examined using a single screw test and, after both screws were tightened, using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The misfit values of each group were used to construct 3-D models, and a displacement with the same extent observed in SEM was applied to the non-tightened abutment to simulate the effect of prosthetic tightening. von Mises stress for prosthetic components, and the maximum principal stress and microstrain for bone tissue were evaluated. The misfit in the non-tightened abutment during the single screw test ranged from 145 to 211 µm. Different bar framework materials did not present significant differences in regard to adaptation. An increase in the misfit values in the other abutment was observed after the final settlement of the bars in Ni-Cr and Ti frameworks. The stress values on prosthetic screw and implant were not influenced by the bar framework material. However, Ti caused lower stress in the bar framework itself and strain in the bone tissue. The bar framework material does not affect the implant/abutment adaptation. Titanium frameworks presented the best behavior for the bar framework itself and bone tissue compared to the other materials. PMID:25443881

  13. Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... palate, which can reduce your sense of taste. Self-esteem — Because implants are so much like your natural teeth, you will think about them less. Your self-esteem and confidence will be improved because you will ...

  14. Maxillary palatal ramp prosthesis: A prosthodontic solution to manage mandibular deviation following surgery

    PubMed Central

    (Bhattacharya), Sampa Ray; Majumdar, Dibyendu; Singh, Dilip K.; Islam, M. D. Rabiul; Ray, Pradip K.; Saha, Nilanjana

    2015-01-01

    Mandibular resection following surgical treatment for neoplastic lesions of the oral cavity leads to numerous complications including altered mandibular movements, disfigurement, difficult in swallowing, impaired speech and articulation, and deviation of the mandible towards the resected site. Various prosthetic methods are employed to reduce or minimize mandibular deviation and improve and restore the lost functions and esthetic, like maxillomandibular fixation, implant supported prosthesis, removable mandibular guide flange prosthesis, and palatal based guidance restoration. This clinical report describes the rehabilitation of a patient following segmental mandibulectomy using palatal ramp prosthesis. PMID:25821361

  15. Treatment options for the replacement of missing mandibular incisors.

    PubMed

    Fleigel, Jeffrey D; Salmon, Cade A; Piper, James M

    2011-07-01

    The replacement of a mandibular incisor is a dental treatment warranting special consideration. Some of the challenges associated with the anterior mandible are limited space, challenging surrounding anatomy, and tough esthetic requirements. Proper diagnosis and treatment planning may require a multidisciplinary approach to successfully meet the demands of replacing a missing tooth in this sextant. Several treatment options currently exist for mandibular incisor replacement. These options include (1) resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs), (2) orthodontic treatment, (3) full-veneer fixed dental prostheses (FDPs), (4) dental implants for single-tooth replacement, (5) possible extraction of one or more incisors and restoration with implant-supported FDPs, (6) possible extraction of one or more teeth and restoration with FDPs from #22 to 27, (7) possible extraction of one or more teeth and restoration with removable dental prostheses (RDPs). This manuscript outlines the various treatment options for the replacement of mandibular incisors and discusses benefits and drawbacks of each. PMID:21631631

  16. Mandibular alveolar ridge augmentation in the dog using distraction osteogenesis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael S Block; Andrew Chang; Craig Crawford

    1996-01-01

    Purpose: This study investigated the use of distraction osteogenesis for alveolar ridge augmentation.Materials and Methods: Four dogs each had two superior and two inferior implants placed horizontally into an edentulous mandibular quadrant and, after integration, a distraction device was applied. An osteotomy was made to allow the ridge to be distracted vertically. After 10 mm vertical distraction, the device was

  17. Neonatal mandibular distraction osteogenesis.

    PubMed

    Flores, Roberto L

    2014-11-01

    Mandibular distraction has revolutionized the treatment of Robin sequence associated with severe airway obstruction. The distraction technique remains the only intervention that directly corrects mandibular hypoplasia and the retropositioned tongue, providing efficient relief of airway stenosis. Multiple studies have demonstrated the efficacy of distraction in avoiding tracheostomy and decreasing the severity airway obstruction in this patient population. The benefit to avoiding tracheostomy and relieving airway obstruction is superior to that of tongue-lip adhesion. It is, therefore, not surprising that mandibular distraction has become the first-line intervention at many centers for the surgical treatment of Robin sequence. The complication profile associated with mandibular distraction appears low; the most common complication is infection, which can be treated by antibiotics alone. The severity of airway obstruction can be quantified by polysomnogram: This tool has become one of the most widely used objective metrics in the Robin sequence population. Therefore indications for surgery, timing of palatoplasty and long-term assessment of airway function should be performed in conjunction with sleep study analysis. The effects of mandibular lengthening on feeding difficulty in Robin sequence patient remains a topic of controversy. Studies have demonstrated conflicting results: This can be an area of future study. Agreed-upon indications for surgery and definitive protocols of care have yet to be formulized; future research should focus on achieving these goals. Such studies would require agreed-upon terminology for Robin sequence, an increase in comparative and prospective analysis, and the use of quantifiable metrics of clinical results. PMID:25383055

  18. Transmigration of Mandibular Canines

    PubMed Central

    Umashree, N.; Kumar, Avinash; Nagaraj, Tejavathi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present the first case of unusual reverse oblique (110 degrees to midsagittal plane) migration of mandibular right canine crossing the jaw midline and piercing the lower border of the mandible at the level of the opposite canine and also to report two more cases of transmigrated mandibular canine and one case of transmigrating mandibular canine. Mandibular canines are “cornerstone” of dental arch; their importance is manifested by their efficiency in masticatory function, stability of dental arch, and aid in maintaining natural facial expression. Early detection of this anomaly can help preserving these canines by orthodontic intervention or by surgical transplantation. This developmental anomaly is properly diagnosed by radiographic evaluation, which is primarily based on the panoramic radiograph. In patients with overretained deciduous canines or missing permanent canines, an intraoral radiograph should be supplemented with panoramic radiograph. This paper discusses the importance of early diagnosis of canine transmigration in treatment planning and reviews the various possible treatment options. PMID:23606992

  19. Measuring mandibular motions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dimeff, J.; Rositano, S.; Taylor, R. C.

    1977-01-01

    Mandibular motion along three axes is measured by three motion transducers on floating yoke that rests against mandible. System includes electronics to provide variety of outputs for data display and processing. Head frame is strapped to test subject's skull to provide fixed point of reference for transducers.

  20. Regenerating Mandibular Bone Using rhBMP2: Part 2--Treatment of Chronic, Defect NonUnion Fractures

    E-print Network

    Athanasiou, Kyriacos

    Regenerating Mandibular Bone Using rhBMP2: Part 2--Treatment of Chronic, Defect NonUnion Fractures and secured to the mandible. A compression resistant matrix (CRM) infused with rhBMP2 was implanted postoperatively demonstrated that the newly regenerated mandibular bone had 92% of the bone density and porosity

  1. Temporal bone resorption: an uncommon complication after mandibular distraction.

    PubMed

    Feng, Shi; Zhang, Zhiyong; Shi, Lei; Tang, Xiaojun; Liu, Wei; Yin, Lin; Yang, Bin

    2015-03-01

    Temporal bone absorption is a very infrequent complication following a intraoral mandibular distraction. We present a case of severe temporal bone absorption with skull base bone destruction in a child who experienced the mandibular distraction operation. In her follow-up of the 6th month, it was observed that the implanted distraction device drilled to the temporal bone and stretch into the middle cranial fossa. We recommend to optimize the positioning of the osteotomy and the design of the distraction to avoid the otential risk of adjacent skull destruction. PMID:25748940

  2. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle.

    PubMed

    Ongole, Ravikiran; Pillai, Rajeev S; Ahsan, Auswaf K; Pai, Keerthilatha M

    2003-02-01

    Osteochondroma is one of the most common benign tumors of the axial skeleton, but is rarely found in the facial bones. When present, the tumor is most often reported to affect the mandibular coronoid process. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle is extremely rare. A case is presented of a massive osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle leading to facial asymmetry and disturbed occlusion. The diagnosis was confirmed by radiological and histological examination. PMID:12682692

  3. Biting and Chewing in Overdentures, Full Dentures, and Natural Dentitions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. A. Fontijn-Tekamp; A. P. Slagter; A. Van Der Bilt; M. A. Van'T Hof; D. J. Witter; W. Kalk; J. A. Jansen

    2000-01-01

    It has been suggested that the provision of dental implants can improve the oral function of subjects with severely resorbed mandibles, possibly restoring function to the level experienced by satisfied wearers of conventional complete dentures. Nevertheless, a quantitative comparison has never been made and can be drawn from the literature only with difficulty, since studies differ greatly in methodology. To

  4. A new technique for retaining double crowns on implants via custom-positioned vertical screws.

    PubMed

    Frisch, Eberhard; Ziebolz, Dirk; Ratka-Krüger, Petra; Rinke, Sven

    2014-01-01

    This report describes the use of custom-positioned vertical screws (CVS) to attach primary telescopic crowns to implant abutments. In a private practice setting, 37 patients with 40 double crown-retained implant overdentures (IODs) with a clearance fit (Marburg double crowns) were followed. All primary crowns on the 120 implant abutments were retained using CVS. After a mean followup period of 3.55 ± 1.37 years (range: 1.5 to 6.3 years), one abutment screwloosening incident was reported (incidence: 0.08%). No loosening of any of the screw-retained primary crowns occurred. CVS may represent a viable fixation concept for IODs. PMID:25390875

  5. Conventional prosthodontic management of partial edentulism with a resilient attachment-retained overdenture in a patient with a cleft lip and palate: a clinical report.

    PubMed

    Acharya, Varun; Brecht, Lawrence E

    2014-08-01

    Recent advances in surgery and orthodontics have resulted in improvements in the management of patients with a cleft lip or palate. Early surgical intervention and bone-grafting procedures have frequently been used to ensure closure of the cleft and continuity of the alveolar bone. However, a need for the prosthodontic management of patients with a cleft palate still exists. Most frequently, the indication is to restore the edentulous spaces located anteriorly in the vicinity of the residual cleft defect. In addition to improving the esthetic outcome, prosthodontic management also is required to restore function, especially occlusion and speech. This clinical report illustrates the management of an adult patient with a unilateral cleft of the lip and palate who required prosthodontic rehabilitation after surgery. The patient had previously undergone multiple surgeries and did not want to consider implant therapy as a treatment option. Thus, the patient was managed with fixed and removable prosthodontics with a maxillary overdenture prosthesis retained by microextracoronal resilient attachments, which were laser welded onto crowns on abutment teeth to obtain a functionally and esthetically acceptable result. PMID:24529657

  6. Molarization of Mandibular Second Premolar

    PubMed Central

    Singh Khinda, Vineet Inder; Kallar, Shiminder; Singh Brar, Gurlal

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Macrodontia (megadontia, megalodontia, mac rodontism) is a rare shape anomaly that has been used to describe dental gigantism. Mandibular second premolars show an elevated variability of crown morphology, as are its eruptive potential and final position in the dental arch. To date, only eight cases of isolated macrodontia of second premolars have been reported in the literature. This case report presents clinical and radiographic findings of unusual and rare case of isolated unilateral molarization of left mandibular second premolar. How to cite this article: Mangla N, Khinda VIS, Kallar S, Brar GS. Molarization of Mandibular Second Premolar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(2):137-139. PMID:25356014

  7. Molarization of mandibular second premolar.

    PubMed

    Mangla, Neha; Singh Khinda, Vineet Inder; Kallar, Shiminder; Singh Brar, Gurlal

    2014-05-01

    Macrodontia (megadontia, megalodontia, mac rodontism) is a rare shape anomaly that has been used to describe dental gigantism. Mandibular second premolars show an elevated variability of crown morphology, as are its eruptive potential and final position in the dental arch. To date, only eight cases of isolated macrodontia of second premolars have been reported in the literature. This case report presents clinical and radiographic findings of unusual and rare case of isolated unilateral molarization of left mandibular second premolar. How to cite this article: Mangla N, Khinda VIS, Kallar S, Brar GS. Molarization of Mandibular Second Premolar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(2):137-139. PMID:25356014

  8. Ridge augmentation using mandibular tori.

    PubMed

    Barker, D; Walls, A W; Meechan, J G

    2001-05-12

    A 19-year-old female was referred by her dental practitioner for the restoration of missing maxillary lateral incisors and canines. Ridge augmentation was required. This was undertaken using mandibular tori as the sites for harvesting bone. The grafting was successful and the spaces were subsequently restored using resin-bonded bridgework. The case reports that mandibular tori provide a local and convenient source of bone for ridge augmentation procedures. PMID:11384020

  9. Mandibular shape and skeletal divergency.

    PubMed

    Ferrario, V F; Sforza, C; De Franco, D J

    1999-04-01

    Pre-treatment lateral cephalograms of 41 skeletal Class I girls aged 11 to 15 were divided according to MP-SN angle: lower than 28 degrees (hypodivergent, 10 girls), between 31 and 34 degrees (normodivergent, 18 girls), or larger than 37 degrees (hyperdivergent, 13 girls). The mandibular outlines were traced and digitized, and differences in shape were quantified using the elliptic Fourier series. Size differences were measured from the areas enclosed by the mandibular outlines. Shape differences were assessed by calculating a morphological distance (MD) between the size-independent mean mathematical reconstructions of the mandibular outlines of the three divergency classes. Mandibular shape was different in the three classes: large variations were found in hyperdivergent girls versus normodivergent girls (MD = 4.61), while smaller differences were observed in hypodivergent girls (MD versus normodivergent 2.91). Mean size-independent mandibular shapes were superimposed on an axis passing through the centres of gravity of the condyle and of the chin. Normodivergent and hyperdivergent mandibles differed mostly at gonion, the coronoid process, sigmoid notch, alveolar process, posterior border of the ramus, and along the mandibular plane. A significant size effect was also found, with smaller mandibles in the hyperdivergent girls. PMID:10327738

  10. Mandibular conservation in oral cancer.

    PubMed

    Rao, Latha P; Shukla, Mridula; Sharma, Vinay; Pandey, Manoj

    2012-06-01

    Surgery is one of the established modes of initial definitive treatment for a majority of oral cancers. Invasion of bony or cartilaginous structures by advanced upper aero-digestive tract cancer has been considered an indication for primary surgery on the basis of historic experience of poor responsiveness to radiation therapy [1]. The mandible is a key structure both in the pathology of intra-oral tumours and their surgical management. It bars easy surgical access to the oral cavity, yet maintaining its integrity is vital for function and cosmesis. Management of tumours that involve or abut the mandible requires specific understanding of the pattern of spread and routes of tumour invasion into the mandible. This facilitates the employment of mandibular sparing approaches like marginal mandibulectomy and mandibulotomy, as opposed to segmental or hemimandibulectomy which causes severe functional problems, as the mandibular continuity is lost. Accurate preoperative assessment that combines clinical examination and imaging along with the understanding of the pattern of spread and routes of invasion is essential in deciding the appropriate level and extent of mandibular resection in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Studies have shown that local control rates achieved with marginal mandibulectomy are comparable with that of segmental mandibulectomy. In carefully selected patients, marginal mandibulectomy is an oncologically safe procedure to achieve good local control and provides a better quality of life. This article aims to review the mechanism of spread, evaluation and prognosis of mandibular invasion, various techniques and role of mandibular conservation in oral squamous cell carcinoma. PMID:21856149

  11. Bilateral Molariform Mandibular Second Premolars

    PubMed Central

    Acharya, Sonu; Kumar Mandal, Pradip; Ghosh, Chiranjit

    2015-01-01

    Macrodontia is a rare dental anomaly that refers to teeth that appear larger than normal. Generalised macrodontia can be associated with certain medical conditions and syndromes. This case report presents clinical and radiographic findings of isolated bilateral macrodontia in a 14-year-old child. The patient was referred to the clinic with local crowding of maxillary and mandibular teeth. Radiographic findings revealed the presence of impacted macrodont mandibular second premolar on one side and erupted macrodontic premolar on the other side and their distinct morphological appearance, characterized by large, multitubercular, and molariform crowns and tapering, single roots. PMID:25685564

  12. Five-year study of implant placement in regenerated bone and rehabilitation with telescopic crown retained dentures: a case report.

    PubMed

    Zafiropoulos, Gregory-George; Hoffmann, Oliver

    2009-01-01

    Various implant-supported restorations have been used successfully for several decades to rehabilitate edentulous patients. Telescopic crowns are a common treatment modality used to connect dentures to natural teeth. Although previous findings indicate that telescopic crowns can be placed successfully on implants to support overdentures, only limited data are available on this treatment approach. Eight months after extraction of all nonsalvageable teeth and socket preservation, 11 implants were inserted into the mandible and maxillae of one patient. These implants were restored 4 months later using telescopic crown-supported dentures. Bleeding on probing (BOP), plaque index (PI), clinical attachment (PAL), and radiographic bone level were evaluated over 5 years. All implants remained in function over the 5-year evaluation period. Radiography showed stable bone levels for all implants. No changes in BOP or PI (range, 2%-4% for both parameters) were observed over this time. The PAL deteriorated by 1.5 mm during the first 3 years, with no subsequent changes. We conclude that telescopic crowns can be used successfully as attachments for overdentures supported by implants in regenerated bone. PMID:20017648

  13. Treatment of mandibular odontogenic keratocysts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anwar B Bataineh; Mansour A Al Qudah

    1998-01-01

    Objective. The purpose of this study was to report our experience with surgical treatment of 31 mandibular odontogenic keratocysts, with special reference to their recurrence, and to review the literature on this subject.Study design. A retrospective analysis was conducted of all odontogenic cysts treated in the Department of Oral Surgery and Oral Medicine at Jordan University of Science and Technology

  14. Surgical repair of a mandibular bony defect following the removal of an amelobalstoma

    PubMed Central

    Ejiofor, Kandi

    2013-01-01

    This case report describes a 35-year-old Caucasian radiographer who presented with a significant mandibular bony defect following multiple excisions of an ameloblastoma. As a result, there was an absence of teeth on the lower-right mandible and a clear defect in the mandible. The treatment objectives were to rebuild the mandibular defect, with a long-term view of inserting dental implants. In a novel approach outlined in this presentation, tissue expansion of the submucosa, a titanium construct and an iliac bone graft were used to rebuild the patient’s jaw. This surgical technique is recommended for the reconstruction of bony defects. PMID:24963929

  15. Mandibular reconstruction using stereolithographic 3-dimensional printing modeling technology.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Adir; Laviv, Amir; Berman, Phillip; Nashef, Rizan; Abu-Tair, Jawad

    2009-11-01

    Mandibular reconstruction can be challenging for the surgeon wishing to restore its unique geometry. Reconstruction can be achieved with titanium bone plates followed by autogenous bone grafting. Incorporation of the bone graft into the mandible provides continuity and strength required for proper esthetics and function and permitting dental implant rehabilitation at a later stage. Precious time in the operating room is invested in plate contouring to reconstruct the mandible. Rapid prototyping technologies can construct physical models from computer-aided design via 3-dimensional (3D) printers. A prefabricated 3D model is achieved, which assists in accurate contouring of plates and/or planning of bone graft harvest geometry before surgery. The 2 most commonly used rapid prototyping technologies are stereolithography and 3D printing (3DP). Three-dimensional printing is advantageous to stereolithography for better accuracy, quicker printing time, and lower cost. We present 3 clinical cases based on 3DP modeling technology. Models were fabricated before the resection of mandibular ameloblastoma and were used to prepare bridging plates before the first stage of reconstruction. In 1 case, another model was fabricated and used as a template for iliac crest bone graft in the second stage of reconstruction. The 3DP technology provided a precise, fast, and cheap mandibular reconstruction, which aids in shortened operation time (and therefore decreased exposure time to general anesthesia, decreased blood loss, and shorter wound exposure time) and easier surgical procedure. PMID:19716728

  16. A comparative clinical study of three different endosseous implants in edentulous mandibles.

    PubMed

    Røynesdal, A K; Ambjørnsen, E; Støvne, S; Haanaes, H R

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the clinical outcome and marginal bone resorption of three different endosseous implants placed in the anterior mandibles of 15 elderly patients. Eleven women and 4 men (ranging from 65 to 80 years, mean 71 years) had three different endosseous implants placed in the anterior mandible; one titanium plasma-sprayed cylinder implant (4-mm diameter), one titanium cylinder implant with hydroxyapatite coating (4-mm diameter), and one standard threaded titanium implant (3.75-mm diameter). Three months later, at the second-stage surgical procedure, ball abutments were connected and an overdenture was placed. At 12, 24, and 36 months, marginal bone resorption and Periotest values were recorded. None of the implants was lost in this period. An analysis of variance with repeated measurement was performed annually to test the existence of significant differences between the implants. When differences appeared, paired t tests were used to identify which differences were significant. Bonferroni multipliers were used to adjust for multiple testing. When marginal bone resorption was concerned, threaded titanium and hydroxyapatite-coated implants had significantly better scores than titanium plasma-sprayed cylinder implants. Periotest values for hydroxyapatite-coated implants were significantly better than test values for the other implants after 2 years. After 3 years significance was obtained between hydroxyapatite and screw-shaped implants only (P < .05). It was concluded that titanium plasma-sprayed cylinder implants have a less favorable prognosis than the other implants used in this study. PMID:9714956

  17. Analysis and evaluation of relative positions of mandibular third molar and mandibular canal impacts

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Hang-Gul

    2014-01-01

    Objectives This study used cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images to categorize the relationships between the mandibular canal and the roots and investigated the prevalence of nerve damage. Materials and Methods Through CBCT images, contact and three-dimensional positional relationships between the roots of the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal were investigated. With this data, prevalence of nerve damage according to the presence of contact and three-dimensional positional relationships was studied. Other factors that affected the prevalence of nerve damage were also investigated. Results When the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal were shown to have direct contact in CBCT images, the prevalence of nerve damage was higher than in other cases. Also, in cases where the mandibular canal was horizontally lingual to the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal was vertically at the cervical level of the mandibular third molar, the prevalence of nerve damage was higher than in opposite cases. The percentage of mandibular canal contact with the roots of the mandibular third molar was higher when the mandibular canal was horizontally lingual to the mandibular third molar. Finally, the prevalence of nerve damage was higher when the diameter of the mandibular canal lumen suddenly decreased at the contact area between the mandibular canal and the roots, as shown in CBCT images. Conclusion The three-dimensional relationship of the mandibular third molar and the mandibular canal can help predict nerve damage and can guide patient expectations of the possibility and extent of nerve damage. PMID:25551092

  18. Implant-retained dentures for full-arch rehabilitation: a case report comparing fixed and removable restorations.

    PubMed

    Zafiropoulos, Gregory-George; Hoffman, Oliver

    2011-01-01

    Dental implants as abutments for full-arch restorations are a well-documented treatment modality. This report presents a case in which the patient was treated initially with fixed restorations supported by either implants or natural teeth and subsequently treated with a removable implant/telescopic crown-supported overdenture. Advantages and disadvantages of each approach are described and discussed. While the fixed restoration resulted in a functionally satisfactory treatment outcome, the patient was displeased with the esthetic appearance. The main concern was the unnaturally long tooth shape necessary to compensate for the insufficient alveolar ridge height. Replacement of the existing restoration with an implant-supported removable overdenture led to a functionally and esthetically acceptable result. When deciding whether to use a fixed or removable implant-supported full-arch restoration, a multitude of factors must be considered. Due to the possible need for additional surgical steps to enhance the esthetic appearance surrounding fixed restorations, removable implant-supported partial dentures often are the better choice. PMID:21903551

  19. 21 CFR 872.3960 - Mandibular condyle prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Mandibular condyle prosthesis. 872.3960 Section 872.3960... § 872.3960 Mandibular condyle prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular condyle prosthesis is a device that is intended to...

  20. 21 CFR 872.3960 - Mandibular condyle prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Mandibular condyle prosthesis. 872.3960 Section 872.3960... § 872.3960 Mandibular condyle prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular condyle prosthesis is a device that is intended to...

  1. A clinical and histological evaluation of titanium mini-implants as anchors for orthodontic intrusion in the beagle dog

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masami Ohmae; Shigeru Saito; Tomio Morohashi; Kenji Seki; Hong Qu; Ryuzo Kanomi; Ken-ichi Yamasaki; Tomohiro Okano; Shoji Yamada; Yoshinobu Shibasaki DDS

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the anchorage potential of the titanium mini-implant for orthodontic intrusion of the mandibular posterior teeth. Six mini-implants were surgically placed around the mandibular third premolars on each side in 3 adult male beagle dogs. On the buccal site, three mini-implants were placed distal to the apex of the distal root of the

  2. A survey of U.K. centres on implant failures.

    PubMed

    Tinsley, D; Watson, C J; Ogden, A R

    1999-01-01

    This study investigated the experience of endossoseus implants in the U.K. - how success rates compare with other countries; the common causes of failure; early detection, definition and treatment of the failing implant. Information was gathered by means of a questionnaire sent to 120 centres in the U.K. Thirty-nine centres responded to the survey, reporting on a total of 5328 implants which had been placed over an average time period of 6.5 years. A mean failure rate of 4.3% was reported in the mandible with 16% in the maxilla. The survey showed that 11 different implant systems were in use and that implants were used to support an overdenture in 56% of cases, and bridgework in 26%. The definition of the failing implant and the causes of failure were unclear, with a wide range of opinions given. A combination of methods were used to treat the failing implant including surgical techniques and chemotherapeutic agents, but the long-term success of these treatments was uncertain. Failure rates especially in the maxilla at some of the centres appear higher than have been previously suggested in the U.K. or abroad. Universal agreement on the criteria for 'success' and 'failure' of fixtures is needed along with agreed treatment protocols for the failing implant. PMID:10080320

  3. Oral implants in patients receiving bisphosphonates: A review and update

    Microsoft Academic Search

    María Paz; Mínguez Serra; César Salort Llorca; Francisco Javier Silvestre Donat

    2008-01-01

    This rewiew was mad to establish the convenience of dental implant treatment in patients receiving bisphosphonates or programmed to receive such drugs, with a description of their mechanisms of action and the way in which they can affect the mandibular or maxillary bone of dental implant candidates. In turn, a description is provided of the key elements for evaluating the

  4. BMP-2 impregnated biomimetic scaffolds successfully induce bone healing in a marginal mandibular defect

    PubMed Central

    DeConde, Adam S.; Sidell, Douglas; Lee, Min; Bezouglaia, Olga; Low, Kyle; Elashoff, David; Grogan, Tristan; Tetradis, Sotirios; Aghaloo, Tara; John, Maie St.

    2014-01-01

    Educational Objective: To investigate the ability of an osteoconductive scaffold to heal a clinically common mandibular defect with BMP-2 in an animal model. Objectives: To test the osteoregenerative potential and dosing of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) impregnated biomimetic scaffolds in a rat model of a mandibular defect. Study Design: Prospective study using an animal model. Methods: Varied doses of BMP-2 (0.5, 1, 0.5 and 0.5 in microspheres, 5, 15 ?g) were absorbed onto a biomimetic scaffold. Scaffolds were then implanted into marginal mandibular defects in rats. Blank scaffolds and unfilled defects were used as negative controls. Two months postoperatively, bone healing was analyzed with micro-computerized tomography (microCT). Results: MicroCT analysis demonstrated all doses of BMP-2 induced successful healing of marginal mandibular defects in a rat mandible. Increasing doses of BMP-2 on the scaffolds produced increased tissue healing with 15 ?g demonstrating significantly more healing than all other dosing (p < 0.01). Conclusions: BMP-2 impregnated biomimetic scaffolds successfully induce bone healing in a marginal mandibular defect in the rat. Percentage healing of defect, percentage of bone within healed tissue and total bone volume are all a function of BMP-2 dosing. There appears to be an optimal dose of 5 ?g beyond which there is no increase in bone volume. PMID:23553490

  5. A randomized prospective clinical trial on the effectiveness of three treatment modalities for patients with lower denture problems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. M. Raghoebar; H. J. A. Meijer; B. Stegenga; A. Vissink

    2003-01-01

    Treatment of lower denture complaints of patients with an edentulous mandible with a height of at least 15 mm can consist of meticulous construction of a new set of dentures (CD), construction of a new set of dentures following preprosthetic surgery to enlarge the denture-bearing area (PPS), or construction of an implant-retained mandibular overdenture (IRO). The aim of this prospective

  6. Cochlear Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Medical Devices Products and Medical Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Cochlear Implants Cochlear Implants View movie of the ... More in Products and Medical Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Cochlear Implants What is a Cochlear Implant? Benefits ...

  7. Accuracy of Computerized Vertical Measurements on Digital Orthopantomographs: Posterior Mandibular Region

    PubMed Central

    Assaf, Mohammad; Gharbyah, Alaa’ Z. Abu

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Orthopantomographs are commonly used for diagnosis in clinical dentistry. Although the manufacturers claim a constant magnification effect, the reliability of measuring dimensions on the panoramic radiographs is not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of measuring vertical dimensions in the posterior mandibular area on digital orthopantomographs. Materials and Methods: A retrospective survey of 20 orthopantomographs with unrestored implants (only with cover screw) in the mandibular posterior region (molars and premolars) was conducted. All radiographs were taken using the same machine by skilled technicians. Two examiners were asked to measure the vertical dimension of the implants seen on the radiographs viewed using two differently sized display screens. Inter-examiner and intra-examiner reliability tests were performed. Differences between the measured length and the actual length using each screen type were compared. Results: High coefficients of reliability were observed on intra- and inter-examiner correlation. The overall reliability of measuring the vertical dimensions of implants between both examiners for the large screen and the small screen were 97.4% (Cronbach's alpha 0.993) and 94.0% (Cronbach's alpha 0.984), respectively. There were no significant differences between the errors seen with either the large screen or the small screen, when each of them was compared to the original length (P = 0.146). Conclusion: This study shows that vertical dimensions in the posterior mandibular region (molar and premolars) can be reliably measured on an orthopantomograph using a calibrated machine and special software.

  8. Immediate mandibular distraction in mandibular hypoplasia and upper airway obstruction.

    PubMed

    Schoemann, Mark B; Burstein, Fernando D; Bakthavachalam, Sivi; Williams, Joseph K

    2012-11-01

    Distraction osteogenesis of the mandible has become an alternative to tracheostomy in infants and children who present with upper airway obstruction due to micrognathia. To avoid prolonged intubation during distraction, we have implemented a protocol of immediate distraction at the time of distractor placement, which results in acute airway improvement. Over 2 years, 22 patients with micrognathia and severe airway obstruction have undergone mandibular distractor placement. Indications for surgery were apnea and desaturations with feeding. Resorbable distraction devices were placed bilaterally and activated to 5 to 8 mm. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 was placed in the gap. Distraction was implemented at postoperative day 2 at 2 mm/d. Forty-four distraction devices were placed in 22 patients (68% male, 32% female) with a mean age of 24.1 months (range, 3 days to 5.5 years). The average distance of distraction performed in the operating room was 5 mm. The average total distraction was 24 mm performed over 12 days. Overall, 89% of patients were extubated after distractor placement in the operating room. Two patients with difficult intubations were extubated 7 days later in the operating room with otolaryngology. Of the 4 tracheostomy patients, 1 patient was decannulated, whereas 3 patients are pending postoperative sleep studies. One patient had a minor wound complication. Tracheostomy and prolonged intubation in patients with mandibular hypoplasia have significant morbidity and mortality. We have implemented a successful protocol of immediate distraction in the operating room with placement of bone morphogenetic protein. Immediate distraction appears to be an effective method of avoiding postoperative intubation and tracheostomy. PMID:23154361

  9. Cochlear Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    Cochlear Implants Cochlear Implants Patient Health Information News media interested in covering the latest from AAO-HNS/F can ... only with a cochlear implant. How do cochlear implants work? Cochlear implants bypass damaged hair cells and ...

  10. Breast Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in women with breast implants. Outline the regulatory history of breast implants in the United States. Encourage reporting ... Medical Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Breast Implants Regulatory History of Breast Implants in the U.S. Saline-Filled Breast ...

  11. New Therapeutics in Promoting and Modulating Mandibular Growth in Cases with Mandibular Hypoplasia

    PubMed Central

    Alhadlaq, Adel

    2013-01-01

    Children with mandibular growth deficiency may develop airway obstruction. The standard treatment of severe airway obstruction involves invasive procedures such as tracheostomy. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis has been proposed in neonates with mandibular deficiency as a treatment option to avoid tracheostomy procedure later in life. Both tracheostomy and distraction osteogenesis procedures suffer from substantial shortcomings including scarring, unpredictability, and surgical complications. Forward jaw positioning appliances have been also used to enhance mandible growth. However, the effectiveness of these appliances is limited and lacks predictability. Current and future approaches to enhance mandibular growth, both experimental and clinical trials, and their effectiveness are presented and discussed. PMID:23819121

  12. Topography of the outer mandibular symphyseal region with reference to the autogenous bone graft.

    PubMed

    Park, H D; Min, C K; Kwak, H H; Youn, K H; Choi, S H; Kim, H J

    2004-12-01

    The mandibular symphysis is preferred as a donor site for the relatively small grafts needed for the autogeneous bone graft procedure. This study was undertaken to determine the morphology and composition of the cortical and trabecular bone in the mandibular symphyseal region using 35 mandible specimens from Koreans. The topographical patterns through the thickness of the cortical plate and the width of the trabecular bone were observed. In this study, the labial cortical plate of the mandible became thicker from the superior to the inferior aspects (P < 0.05). However, the trabecular bone width exhibited a different distribution pattern compared to the thickness of the labial cortical plate. This observation concerning the cortical and trabecular bones assists in determination of the depth of osteotomy. The results provide useful information on the mandibular symphysis graft prior to dental implant placement. These results will enable the volume of the cortical plate in the mandibular symphyseal region and its proper size, depth, and location to be predicted when removing a graft block. PMID:15556327

  13. Removable Partial Denture Supported by Implants with Prefabricated Telescopic Abutments - A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Sehgal, Komal

    2014-01-01

    Implants have been designed to rehabilitate edentulous patients with fixed prosthesis or implant supported overdentures. Implant-supported single crowns and fixed partial dentures have become successful treatment alternatives to removable and fixed partial dentures. However, it is common to have clinical situations which make it impossible to use conventional as well as implant supported fixed partial dentures. The implant supported removable partial dentures can be a treatment modality that offers the multitude of benefits of implant-based therapy—biologic, biomechanical, social, and psychological to such patients. The aim of this article is to present a case report describing the fabrication and advantages of removable partial denture supported by teeth and implants for a patient with long edentulous span. The patient was satisfied with his dentures in terms of function and aesthetics. Regular follow-up visits over a period of three years revealed that the periodontal condition of remaining natural dentition and peri-implant conditions were stable. There was no evidence of excessive residual ridge resorption or mobility of the teeth, nor were any visible changes in the bone levels of the natural teeth or implants noted on radiographs. PMID:25121066

  14. Removable partial denture supported by implants with prefabricated telescopic abutments - a case report.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Lalit; Sehgal, Komal

    2014-06-01

    Implants have been designed to rehabilitate edentulous patients with fixed prosthesis or implant supported overdentures. Implant-supported single crowns and fixed partial dentures have become successful treatment alternatives to removable and fixed partial dentures. However, it is common to have clinical situations which make it impossible to use conventional as well as implant supported fixed partial dentures. The implant supported removable partial dentures can be a treatment modality that offers the multitude of benefits of implant-based therapy-biologic, biomechanical, social, and psychological to such patients. The aim of this article is to present a case report describing the fabrication and advantages of removable partial denture supported by teeth and implants for a patient with long edentulous span. The patient was satisfied with his dentures in terms of function and aesthetics. Regular follow-up visits over a period of three years revealed that the periodontal condition of remaining natural dentition and peri-implant conditions were stable. There was no evidence of excessive residual ridge resorption or mobility of the teeth, nor were any visible changes in the bone levels of the natural teeth or implants noted on radiographs. PMID:25121066

  15. Segmental mandibular reconstruction by microincremental automatic distraction osteogenesis: an animal study.

    PubMed

    Ayoub, A F; Richardson, W; Koppel, D; Thompson, H; Lucas, M; Schwarz, T; Smith, L; Boyd, J

    2001-10-01

    We investigated the reconstruction of a surgically created critical size mandibular defect in sheep using a newly developed automatic distraction device. The device has an implantable component, which is fixed to the mandible to allow the transfer of the transport disc across the created defect, and an external component which is mounted on the activation pump and secured away from the site of bone distraction. Compression of the bellows in the external component causes fluid to be forced through the connecting tube into the distraction component. Distraction at a rate of 1 mm over 24 h was achieved in six sheep. New bone generated at the site of the created defects both anterior (compression side) and posterior (tension side) to the transport disc and had similar radiodensity to the adjacent mandibular bone eight weeks after the completion of distraction. PMID:11601816

  16. The Horizontal and Stepped Osteotomy Technique for Mandibular Reconstruction Using Fibular Free Flap

    PubMed Central

    Aleid, Wesam; Jones, Keith; Laugharne, David

    2011-01-01

    The mandible is an important component of the orofacial skeleton, and resection of part of the mandible as part of head and neck oncological procedures can have dramatic impact on both function and cosmesis. In this article, we describe a new technique in the resection osteotomy and flap fixation that improves the stability and aesthetic outcome of the reconstruction. The mandibular resection is performed utilizing a horizontal osteotomy above the mandibular angle on one side and a stepped body or angle osteotomy on the other side. Our technique is unique as it allows flexibility in adjusting the chin point projection to give the best possible aesthetic outcome; it allows more bone-to-bone contact, which increases the stability; it reduces rotation; and it allows for use of miniplate fixation, facilitating future rehabilitation with implants. We have been using this technique with great success in our hospital, and we recommend its use for its improved flexibility, stability, and aesthetic outcome. PMID:22942945

  17. The horizontal and stepped osteotomy technique for mandibular reconstruction using fibular free flap.

    PubMed

    Aleid, Wesam; Jones, Keith; Laugharne, David

    2011-09-01

    The mandible is an important component of the orofacial skeleton, and resection of part of the mandible as part of head and neck oncological procedures can have dramatic impact on both function and cosmesis. In this article, we describe a new technique in the resection osteotomy and flap fixation that improves the stability and aesthetic outcome of the reconstruction. The mandibular resection is performed utilizing a horizontal osteotomy above the mandibular angle on one side and a stepped body or angle osteotomy on the other side. Our technique is unique as it allows flexibility in adjusting the chin point projection to give the best possible aesthetic outcome; it allows more bone-to-bone contact, which increases the stability; it reduces rotation; and it allows for use of miniplate fixation, facilitating future rehabilitation with implants. We have been using this technique with great success in our hospital, and we recommend its use for its improved flexibility, stability, and aesthetic outcome. PMID:22942945

  18. 21 CFR 872.3960 - Mandibular condyle prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 872.3960 Mandibular condyle prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular condyle prosthesis...

  19. 21 CFR 872.3960 - Mandibular condyle prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 872.3960 Mandibular condyle prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular condyle prosthesis...

  20. 21 CFR 872.3960 - Mandibular condyle prosthesis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 872.3960 Mandibular condyle prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular condyle prosthesis...

  1. Complaints related to mandibular function impairment after closed treatment of fractures of the mandibular condyle.

    PubMed

    Niezen, E T; Bos, R R M; de Bont, L G M; Stegenga, B; Dijkstra, P U

    2010-07-01

    This study analysed the relationship between complaints and mandibular function after closed treatment of fractures of the mandibular condyle in a prospective study. In a 1-year follow-up, complaints were assessed during physical examination and function was assessed using the mandibular function impairment questionnaire (MFIQ), scoring range 0-68. Data from 114 patients (41 women, 73 men), mean age 28.1 years (SD 13.3), were available. On average the MFIQ scores were low 3.4 (SD 7.3). Ten patients (9%) experienced pain and 45 (39%) patients had a MFIQ score > 0. Mean mouth opening was 51.9 mm (SD 8.4). Occlusion was perceived as moderate or poor by 24% of the patients. In the logistic regression analysis mandibular function impairment (MFIQ score > 0) was entered as a dependent variable. Risk factors for mandibular function impairment were: pain, perceived occlusion (moderate or poor), absolute difference between left and right horizontal movements and age. A protective factor was mouth opening. The results of this study show that complaints (i.e. pain, perceived occlusion, reduced mouth opening, difference between left and right lateral movements and increased age) are predictors of mandibular function impairment after closed treatment of fractures of the mandibular condyle. PMID:20430584

  2. Dens invaginatus (dilated odontome) in mandibular canine

    PubMed Central

    Halawar, Sangamesh S; Satyakiran, GVV; Krishnanand, PS; Prashanth, R

    2014-01-01

    Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation of teeth related to shape of the teeth. Affected teeth show a deep infolding of enamel and dentin starting from the tip of the cusps and may extend deep into the root. It results from the invagination of the enamel organ into the dental papilla before calcification has occurred. Teeth most affected are maxillary lateral incisors. The presence of dens invaginatus in mandibular canine is extremely rare. The tooth was symptomatic in that it was mobile and was oriented horizontally. This article presents a case of symptomatic dens invaginatus in mandibular canine. PMID:25364169

  3. Supplemental mandibular mesiodens: a diagnostic challenge.

    PubMed

    Naganahalli, Manjunath; Honnappa, Adarsh; Chaitanya, Nallan Csk

    2013-12-01

    Developmental anomalies affecting the number of teeth are occasionally encountered clinically. The incidence of supernumerary teeth is approximately 1-3%. Among these are the maxillary anterior teeth, the maxillary molars, and the maxillo-mandubular premolars, in terms of descending order of occurrence. Supernumeraries occur rarely in the mandibular anterior teeth region. They may be either supplemental or rudimentary. We are reporting case of a supplemental type of supernumerary tooth in the mandibular anterior region and steps which were followed to distinguish supernumerary tooth from the normal series. PMID:24551732

  4. Supplemental Mandibular Mesiodens: A Diagnostic Challenge

    PubMed Central

    Naganahalli, Manjunath; Honnappa, Adarsh; Chaitanya, Nallan CSK

    2013-01-01

    Developmental anomalies affecting the number of teeth are occasionally encountered clinically. The incidence of supernumerary teeth is approximately 1–3%. Among these are the maxillary anterior teeth, the maxillary molars, and the maxillo-mandubular premolars, in terms of descending order of occurrence. Supernumeraries occur rarely in the mandibular anterior teeth region. They may be either supplemental or rudimentary. We are reporting case of a supplemental type of supernumerary tooth in the mandibular anterior region and steps which were followed to distinguish supernumerary tooth from the normal series. PMID:24551732

  5. Immediate loading implants: a clinical report of 1301 implants.

    PubMed

    Hruska, Arturo; Borelli, Paolo; Bordanaro, Assia Chiaramonte; Marzaduri, Eleonora; Hruska, Kurt-Lorenzo

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to suggest 4 immediate load of implants techniques that are alternative and/or complementary to the traditional submersion technique. These techniques meet the criteria for implant immobilization during the entire period of osteointegration, and are based on the principles of splinting and load sharing. One hundred fifty-three maxillary and 309 mandibular arches were treated with 1301 implants. Only implants that satisfied the primary retention were immediately loaded with a provisional crown with wings (94), provisional plastic prosthesis (478), provisional plastic prosthesis with metal frame (293), and intraoral welding (436). Facies morphology, type of occlusion, size and function of the tongue, bone density, number, and length of implants appeared to have an influence on the results. Success rates achieved over 21 years are 99.3% with the intraoral welding machine, 98.3% with the provisional plastic prosthesis with metal frame, 97.9% with metal wings, and 88.02% with provisional plastic prosthesis. This last percentage is reflective of the years 1974 to 1984 when only blade-forms and root-forms with unscrewable abutments were available and a provisional plastic prosthesis was the only immobilization technique known. Guidelines are proposed for a treatment plan indicating when and why immediate loading implants can be suggested. PMID:12498468

  6. Cochlear Implants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Catherine; Scott, Larry

    This brochure explains what a cochlear implant is, lists the types of individuals with deafness who may be helped by a cochlear implant, describes the process of evaluating people for cochlear implants, discusses the surgical process for implanting the aid, traces the path of sound through the cochlear implant to the brain, notes the costs of…

  7. Mandibular stiffness in humans: Numerical predictions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Ichim; M. V. Swain; J. A. Kieser

    2006-01-01

    The chin is a feature unique to humans. This study evaluates the effect of mandibular symphyseal design on biomechanical masticatory effectiveness as determined by structural stiffness and stress developed under flexural and torsional loading. A simple model of three symphyseal shapes (chin, flat symphysis and lingual buttress), was built to represent human, Neanderthal and higher primate symphyses and these were

  8. Incidence of mandibular fractures in eastern Libya

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rafa-Abdelsalam Elgehani; Maraai-Idris Orafi

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this retrospective study is to evaluate the incidence of mandibular fractures in the eastern part of Libya and to present our experience in treating this type of facial fracture. We analyzed factors such as the inci- dence of age, sex, time distribution, cause and site of the fracture and the associated injuries in 493 patients present- ing

  9. Orthodontic extrusion of horizontally impacted mandibular molars

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Zhigui; Yang, Chi; Zhang, Shanyong; Xie, Qianyang; Shen, Yuqing; Shen, Pei

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To introduce and evaluate a novel approach in treating horizontally impacted mandibular second and third molars. Materials and methods: An orthodontic technique was applied for treatment of horizontally impacted mandibular second and third molars, which included a push-type spring for rotation first, and then a cantilever for extrusion. There were 8 mandibular third molars (M3s) and 2 second molars (M2s) in this study. Tooth mobility, extraction time, the inclination and parallelism of the impacted tooth, alveolar bone height of the adjacent tooth, and the relationship of impacted M3 and the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) were evaluated. Results: Two horizontally impacted M2s could be upright in the arch and good occlusal relationships were obtained after treatment. All impacted M3s were successfully separated from the IAN, without any neurologic consequences. The average extraction time was 5 minutes. There was a significant change in the inclination and parallelism of the impacted tooth after treatment. A new bone apposition with the average height of 3.2 mm was noted distal to the adjacent tooth. Conclusions: This two-step orthodontic technique as presented here may be a safe and feasible alternative in management of severely horizontally impacted mandibular molars, which achieves a successful separation of M3s from the IAN and an excellent position for M2s. PMID:25419364

  10. Semiochemicals of the honeybee queen mandibular glands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith N. Slessor; Lori-Ann Kaminski; G. G. S. King; Mark L. Winston

    1990-01-01

    The ontogeny of the five queen mandibular gland semiochemicals that initiate and maintain the retinue behavior of worker honeybees was investigated by quantitative splitless capillary gas chromatography. No detectable pheromone is present at the time of eclosion, but decenoic acid levels build up rapidly during the first week of the queen's life. Two aromatic components attain detectable levels later, with

  11. Mandibular contouring surgery for purely aesthetic reasons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Doo Byung Yang; Chul Gyoo Park

    1991-01-01

    The mandible's contour determines the shape of the lower part of the face and thus influences the appearance of the face and neck. There are two types of operative procedures that can be used on mandibular contour and they do not require orthodontic treatment: mandible angle reduction and genioplasty. We divided the mandible angle reduction group into Types A, B,

  12. 3D Assessment of Mandibular Growth Based on Image Registration: A Feasibility Study in a Rabbit Model

    PubMed Central

    Kim, I.; Oliveira, M. E.; Duncan, W. J.; Cioffi, I.; Farella, M.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Our knowledge of mandibular growth mostly derives from cephalometric radiography, which has inherent limitations due to the two-dimensional (2D) nature of measurement. Objective. To assess 3D morphological changes occurring during growth in a rabbit mandible. Methods. Serial cone-beam computerised tomographic (CBCT) images were made of two New Zealand white rabbits, at baseline and eight weeks after surgical implantation of 1?mm diameter metallic spheres as fiducial markers. A third animal acted as an unoperated (no implant) control. CBCT images were segmented and registered in 3D (Implant Superimposition and Procrustes Method), and the remodelling pattern described used color maps. Registration accuracy was quantified by the maximal of the mean minimum distances and by the Hausdorff distance. Results. The mean error for image registration was 0.37?mm and never exceeded 1?mm. The implant-based superimposition showed most remodelling occurred at the mandibular ramus, with bone apposition posteriorly and vertical growth at the condyle. Conclusion. We propose a method to quantitatively describe bone remodelling in three dimensions, based on the use of bone implants as fiducial markers and CBCT as imaging modality. The method is feasible and represents a promising approach for experimental studies by comparing baseline growth patterns and testing the effects of growth-modification treatments. PMID:24527442

  13. Interim reconstruction and space maintenance of mandibular continuity defects preceding definitive osseous reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Ferretti, Carlo; Rikhotso, Ephraim; Muthray, Enesh; Reyneke, Johan

    2013-06-01

    The use of space maintenance in mandibular defects as an interim measure before definitive osseous reconstruction may prevent problems associated with delayed reconstruction including increased technical difficulty, contracture of soft tissues that limits the volume of the final reconstruction, and the potential for iatrogenic injury to adjacent anatomical structures. The use of a condyle/ramus spacer made of medical grade, ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, and a flexible body spacer made of high quality, inert, non-toxic medical and food grade silicone rubber, was tested in 38 patients with mandibular defects after the resection of benign but locally aggressive disease, advanced osteomyelitis, and injuries. The spacer was retained for a maximum of 8 weeks, and was then removed through an extraoral approach before definitive reconstruction with a particulate corticocancellous bone graft. One of the 38 patients failed to attend for follow up and returned 7 months later with severe, generalised sepsis that required removal of the spacer and exclusion from the study. Of the remaining 37 patients, 32 healed uneventfully, 1 required removal of the spacer 2 weeks after implantation for intraoral wound dehiscence, and 4 had mild to moderate disturbances of wound healing that required either minor revision or local wound care until removal at the time of reconstruction. The use of a spacer promotes wound healing and simplifies and expedites secondary reconstruction of mandibular defects. PMID:22818045

  14. Vertical guided bone-graft augmentation in a new canine mandibular model.

    PubMed

    Jensen, O T; Greer, R O; Johnson, L; Kassebaum, D

    1995-01-01

    Using the mandibular inferior border of four fox hounds from an extraoral approach, six high-profile Brånemark implants were placed in each animal and bone grafted. Graft materials studied included demineralized freeze-dried allograft with and without irradiation sterilization (3.8 x 10(4) Gy), corticocancellous iliac autograft, blood clot, and a control. Corticocancellous grafts were studied with and without expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (EPTFE) barriers. The barrier function improved both graft volume incorporated and bone-implant interface contact. The autograft performed better than the allograft. Irradiation of the allograft did not appear to affect graft performance. The barrier functioned to improve graft incorporation for augmentation and interface contact and gives credence to the use of barriers in conjunction with vertical augmentation grafting of jawbone. PMID:7615330

  15. Coated vs uncoated implants: bone defect configurations after progressive peri-implantitis in dogs.

    PubMed

    Madi, Marwa; Zakaria, Osama; Kasugai, Shohei

    2014-12-01

    In this study, hydroxyapatite coated vs uncoated implants were used to evaluate the type and dimensions of bone defects after progressive peri-implantitis in dogs. Thirty-two dental implants with 4 different surfaces-machined (M), sandblasted acid-etched (SA), 1-?m thin sputter hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated (S), and plasma-sprayed HA-coated (P)-were inserted into the mandibles of 4 beagle dogs after extracting all mandibular premolars. Experimental peri-implantitis was induced after 3 months using ligature to allow for plaque accumulation. After 4 months, ligatures were removed and plaque accumulation continued for 5 months (progression period). The open flap surgery demonstrated 3 patterns of peri-implantitis bone defect: (1) Class I defect: represented as circumferential intra-alveolar bone loss; (2) Class II defect: circumferential intra-alveolar defect with supra-alveolar bone loss exposing the implant surface; and (3) Class III defect: represented as circumferential intra-alveolar defect with supra-alveolar bone loss and buccal dehiscence. Class I was the most frequent (62.5%) defect pattern around implant types M, SA, and S; while implant type-P showed a recurring majority of Class II (62.5%). Comparison among the 4 implant groups revealed a significant defect width (DW) in implant type-P relative to other types (P < 0.01). However, no statistically significant differences were noted for defect depth (DD) (P > 0.05). We concluded that the shape and size of peri-implantitis bone defects were influenced by the type and thickness of the HA coat together with the quantity of the available peri-implant bone. Plasma-sprayed HA-coated implants showed larger peri-implant defects than did thin sputter HA-coated implants. PMID:23289839

  16. Maxillofacial-derived stem cells regenerate critical mandibular bone defect.

    PubMed

    Steinhardt, Yair; Aslan, Hadi; Regev, Eran; Zilberman, Yoram; Kallai, Ilan; Gazit, Dan; Gazit, Zulma

    2008-11-01

    Stem cell-based bone tissue regeneration in the maxillofacial complex is a clinical necessity. Genetic engineering of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to follow specific differentiation pathways may enhance the ability of these cells to regenerate and increase their clinical relevance. MSCs isolated from maxillofacial bone marrow (BM) are good candidates for tissue regeneration at sites of damage to the maxillofacial complex. In this study, we hypothesized that MSCs isolated from the maxillofacial complex can be engineered to overexpress the bone morphogenetic protein-2 gene and induce bone tissue regeneration in vivo. To demonstrate that the cells isolated from the maxillofacial complex were indeed MSCs, we performed a flow cytometry analysis, which revealed a high expression of mesenchyme-related markers and an absence of non-mesenchyme-related markers. In vitro, the MSCs were able to differentiate into osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipogenic lineages. Gene delivery of the osteogenic gene BMP2 via an adenoviral vector revealed high expression levels of BMP2 protein that induced osteogenic differentiation of these cells in vitro and induced bone formation in an ectopic site in vivo. In addition, implantation of genetically engineered maxillofacial BM-derived MSCs into a mandibular defect led to regeneration of tissue at the site of the defect; this was confirmed by performing micro-computed tomography analysis. Histological analysis of the mandibles revealed osteogenic differentiation of implanted cells as well as bone tissue regeneration. We conclude that maxillofacial BM-derived MSCs can be genetically engineered to induce bone tissue regeneration in the maxillofacial complex and that this finding may be clinically relevant. PMID:18636943

  17. 3-D Volumetric Evaluation of Human Mandibular Growth

    PubMed Central

    Reynolds, Mathew; Reynolds, Michael; Adeeb, Samer; El-Bialy, Tarek

    2011-01-01

    Bone growth is a complex process that is controlled by a multitude of mechanisms that are not fully understood.Most of the current methods employed to measure the growth of bones focus on either studying cadaveric bones from different individuals of different ages, or successive two-dimensional (2D) radiographs. Both techniques have their known limitations. The purpose of this study was to explore a technique for quantifying the three dimensional (3D) growth of an adolescent human mandible over the period of one year utilizing cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans taken for regular orthodontic records. Three -dimensional virtual models were created from the CBCT data using mainstream medical imaging software. A comparison between computer-generated surface meshes of successive 3-D virtual models illustrates the magnitude of relative mandible growth. The results of this work are in agreement with previously reported data from human cadaveric studies and implantable marker studies. The presented method provides a new relatively simple basis (utilizing commercially available software) to visualize and evaluate individualized 3D (mandibular) growth in vivo. PMID:22046201

  18. 3-d volumetric evaluation of human mandibular growth.

    PubMed

    Reynolds, Mathew; Reynolds, Michael; Adeeb, Samer; El-Bialy, Tarek

    2011-01-01

    Bone growth is a complex process that is controlled by a multitude of mechanisms that are not fully understood.Most of the current methods employed to measure the growth of bones focus on either studying cadaveric bones from different individuals of different ages, or successive two-dimensional (2D) radiographs. Both techniques have their known limitations. The purpose of this study was to explore a technique for quantifying the three dimensional (3D) growth of an adolescent human mandible over the period of one year utilizing cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans taken for regular orthodontic records. Three -dimensional virtual models were created from the CBCT data using mainstream medical imaging software. A comparison between computer-generated surface meshes of successive 3-D virtual models illustrates the magnitude of relative mandible growth. The results of this work are in agreement with previously reported data from human cadaveric studies and implantable marker studies. The presented method provides a new relatively simple basis (utilizing commercially available software) to visualize and evaluate individualized 3D (mandibular) growth in vivo. PMID:22046201

  19. Intraosseous schwannoma of mandibular symphysis: case report.

    PubMed

    de Lacerda, Suzie Aparecida; Brentegani, Luiz Guilherme; Rosa, Adalberto Luiz; Vespúcio, Marcelo Vinícius Oliveira; Salata, Luiz Antônio

    2006-01-01

    Schwannoma (neurilemmoma) is a benign neoplasm originated from the neural sheath and occurring most frequently in the head and neck. Intraosseous schwannomas are rare. The mandible is the most common site of occurrence for these lesions. This article reports the case of an intraosseous schwannoma located in the mandibular symphysis of an 11-year-old boy. The lesion was surgically removed and no radiographic evidence of recurrence was observed after 5 years. PMID:17262135

  20. Minimally invasive approaches to mandibular fractures.

    PubMed

    Lee, C; Mankani, M H; Kellman, R M; Forrest, C R

    2001-08-01

    Excellence in mandibular fracture repair requires anatomic restoration of the displaced bone segments, maintenance of the reduction until bone union has been confirmed, and minimization of surgical stigmata. Repairs should ideally be cost-effective, reproducible, adaptable, and expeditiously executed. Fractures of two subregions of the mandible, the condylar neck and the symphysis, can benefit from minimally invasive surgical techniques. The use of these techniques in the mandible is reviewed. PMID:11457709

  1. Local administration of calcitriol positively influences bone remodeling and maturation during restoration of mandibular bone defects in rats.

    PubMed

    Liu, Hongrui; Cui, Jian; Feng, Wei; Lv, Shengyu; Du, Juan; Sun, Jing; Han, Xiuchun; Wang, Zhenming; Lu, Xiong; Yimin; Oda, Kimimitsu; Amizuka, Norio; Li, Minqi

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of calcitriol on osteoinduction following local administration into mandibular bone defects. Calcitriol-loaded absorbable collagen membrane scaffolds were prepared using the polydopamine coating method and characterized by scanning electron microscopy. Composite scaffolds were implanted into rat mandibular bone defects in the following groups: no graft material (control), bare collagen membrane (CM group), collagen membrane bearing polydopamine coating (DOP/CM group), and collagen membrane bearing polydopamine coating absorbed with calcitriol (CAL/DOP/CM group). At 1, 2, 4 and 8weeks post-surgery, the osteogenic potential of calcitriol was examined by histological and immunohistochemical methods. Following in vivo implantation, calcitriol-loaded composite scaffolds underwent rapid degradation with pronounced replacement by new bone and induced reunion of the bone marrow cavity. Calcitriol showed strong potential in inhibiting osteoclastogenesis and promotion of osteogenic differentiation at weeks 1, and 2. Furthermore, statistical analysis revealed that the newly formed bone volume in the CAL/DOP/CM group was significantly higher than other groups at weeks 1, and 2. At weeks 4, and 8, the CAL/DOP/CM group showed more mineralized bone and uniform collagen structure. These data suggest that local administration of calcitriol is promising in promoting osteogenesis and mineralization for restoration of mandibular bone defects. PMID:25686922

  2. Early identification and management of mandibular canine ectopia.

    PubMed

    Hudson, A P G; Harris, A M P; Mohamed, N

    2011-11-01

    Mandibular canine impaction and transmigration have serious consequences for the patient, as removal of the tooth or teeth in question is often the only solution. The loss of one or both mandibular canines complicates orthodontic treatment. Early warning signs of mandibular canine ectopia are explored in this paper as well as how to assess the potential for displacement, impaction and/or transmigration. This paper highlights the value of interceptive treatment once the early signs of an aberrant mandibular canine have been detected. PMID:23193881

  3. Reconstruction of Beagle Hemi-Mandibular Defects with Allogenic Mandibular Scaffolds and Autologous Mesenchymal Stem Cells

    PubMed Central

    Luo, JinChao; Liu, HuaWei; Hu, Min; Yue, Wen

    2014-01-01

    Objective Massive bone allografts are frequently used in orthopedic reconstructive surgery, but carry a high failure rate of approximately 25%. We tested whether treatment of graft with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can increase the integration of massive allografts (hemi-mandible) in a large animal model. Methods Thirty beagle dogs received surgical left-sided hemi-mandibular defects, and then divided into two equal groups. Bony defects of the control group were reconstructed using allografts only. Those of the experimental group were reconstructed using allogenic mandibular scaffold-loaded autologous MSCs. Beagles from each group were killed at4 (n?=?4), 12 (n?=?4), 24 (n?=?4) or 48 weeks (n?=?3) postoperatively. CT and micro-CT scans, histological analyses and the bone mineral density (BMD) of transplants were used to evaluate defect reconstruction outcomes. Results Gross and CT examinations showed that the autologous bone grafts had healed in both groups. At 48 weeks, the allogenic mandibular scaffolds of the experimental group had been completely replaced by new bone, which has a smaller surface area to that of the original allogenic scaffold, whereas the scaffold in control dogs remained the same size as the original allogenic scaffold throughout. At 12 weeks, the BMD of the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group (p<0.05), and all micro-architectural parameters were significantly different between groups (p<0.05). Histological analyses showed almost all transplanted allogeneic bone was replaced by new bone, principally fibrous ossification, in the experimental group, which differed from the control group where little new bone formed. Conclusions Our study demonstrated the feasibility of MSC-loaded allogenic mandibular scaffolds for the reconstruction of hemi-mandibular defects. Further studies are needed to test whether these results can be surpassed by the use of allogenic mandibular scaffolds loaded with a combination of MSCs and osteoinductive growth factors. PMID:25153673

  4. Patient satisfaction with oral implant rehabilitation: evaluation of responses to a questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Annibali, Susanna; Vestri, Anna Rita; Pilotto, Annalisa; La Monaca, Gerardo; Di Carlo, Stefano; Cristalli, Maria Paola

    2011-01-01

    Summary Aim This pilot study evaluated patients’ experience of oral surgical and prosthetic procedures as well as their opinions regarding function, aesthetics, comfort, and satisfaction with treatment outcomes. Materials and methods Forty-nine subjects treated with oral implants completed questionnaires comprising 44 questions. Three questionnaires were used related to implant-supported single-tooth, fixed implant-supported prostheses and implant-retained overdentures. The questions related to demographic data (age, sex, employment, marital status and educational level), the source of information, the reason they underwent implant treatment, the discomfort related to all phases of treatment, and their functional and aesthetic satisfaction. Results Most of the patients (53.8%) were employed and had received a high school certificate or a university diploma. Patients heard about implants from various sources, including referring dentists (55.8%), relatives and friends (23.1%), and television, radio and the Internet (17.3%). The main reasons for choosing implant treatment were restoring lost teeth (35,5%), following dentist’s advice (33,3%), improving stability of the removable denture (15.4%), eating habits (13.5%) and aesthetics (1.9%). Most patients considered that the procedure took a long time (44.2%) but was not traumatic (62.5%). Pain was almost absent in most cases (64.5%) and swelling, when present, was generally moderate (48.1%) and seldom was marked (17.3%). Patients were very satisfied about the aesthetics (82.7%) and function (94.2%), and considered the implant prosthesis to be part of themselves (84.6%). Most of the patients considered the implant prostheses to be easy to clean (73.1%), and would repeat the treatment if necessary (86.5%) and recommend it to other people (94.2%). Conclusions Although the present study is limited by the small sample, the outcomes suggest that oral implant rehabilitation meets patients’ needs and aesthetic demands. PMID:22238708

  5. Effect of Healing Time on Bone-Implant Contact of Orthodontic Micro-Implants: A Histologic Study

    PubMed Central

    Ramazanzadeh, Barat Ali; Fatemi, Kazem; Dehghani, Mahboobe; Mohtasham, Nooshin; Jahanbin, Arezoo; Sadeghian, Hamed

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of immediate and delayed loading of orthodontic micro-implants on bone-implant contact. Materials and Methods. Sixty four micro-implants were implanted in dog's jaw bone. The micro-implants were divided into loaded and unloaded (control) groups. The control group had two subgroups: four and eight weeks being implanted. The loaded group had two subgroups of immediate loading and delayed (after four weeks healing) loading. Loaded samples were subjected to 200g load for four weeks. After sacrificing the animals micro-implants and surrounding tissues were observed histologically. Bone-implant contact ratios (BIC) were calculated and different groups' results were compared by three-way ANOVA. Results. Mean survival rate was 96.7% in general. Survival rates were 96.7%, 94.4% and 100% for control, immediate and delayed loaded groups, respectively. BIC values were not significantly different in loaded and control groups, immediate and delayed loading groups, and pressure and tension sides. Mandibular micro-implants had significantly higher BIC than maxillary ones in immediate loading, 4-weeks control, and 8-weeks control groups (P = 0.021, P = 0.009, P = 0.003, resp.). Conclusion Immediate or delayed loading of micro-implants in dog did not cause significant difference in Bone-implant contact which could be concluded that healing time had not significant effect on micro-implant stability. PMID:25006463

  6. Effect of healing time on bone-implant contact of orthodontic micro-implants: a histologic study.

    PubMed

    Ramazanzadeh, Barat Ali; Fatemi, Kazem; Dehghani, Mahboobe; Mohtasham, Nooshin; Jahanbin, Arezoo; Sadeghian, Hamed

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of immediate and delayed loading of orthodontic micro-implants on bone-implant contact. Materials and Methods. Sixty four micro-implants were implanted in dog's jaw bone. The micro-implants were divided into loaded and unloaded (control) groups. The control group had two subgroups: four and eight weeks being implanted. The loaded group had two subgroups of immediate loading and delayed (after four weeks healing) loading. Loaded samples were subjected to 200g load for four weeks. After sacrificing the animals micro-implants and surrounding tissues were observed histologically. Bone-implant contact ratios (BIC) were calculated and different groups' results were compared by three-way ANOVA. Results. Mean survival rate was 96.7% in general. Survival rates were 96.7%, 94.4% and 100% for control, immediate and delayed loaded groups, respectively. BIC values were not significantly different in loaded and control groups, immediate and delayed loading groups, and pressure and tension sides. Mandibular micro-implants had significantly higher BIC than maxillary ones in immediate loading, 4-weeks control, and 8-weeks control groups (P = 0.021, P = 0.009, P = 0.003, resp.). Conclusion Immediate or delayed loading of micro-implants in dog did not cause significant difference in Bone-implant contact which could be concluded that healing time had not significant effect on micro-implant stability. PMID:25006463

  7. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle: Resection and reconstruction using vertical sliding osteotomy of the mandibular ramus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sergio González-Otero; Carlos Navarro-Cuéllar; Margarita Escrig-de Teigeiro; Javier Fernández-Alba; Carlos Navarro-Vila; Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial

    Osteochondroma is one of the most common benign bone tumours, although not in the craniofacial region. More than half of these appear in the coronoid process. It can appear on the mandibular condyle, especially in its medial half, and mainly affects women aged around forty years. We present the case of a 51-year-old woman with pain of several months' duration

  8. Sensory nerve impairment following mandibular third molar surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anwar B Bataineh

    2001-01-01

    Purpose: This prospective study reports the rate and factors influencing sensory impairment of the inferior alveolar and lingual nerves after the removal of impacted mandibular third molars under local anesthesia. Patients and Methods: There were 741 patients with 741 mandibular third molars removed under local anesthesia during a 3-year period from 1994 to 1997. Standardized data collection included the patient's

  9. Immediate and late mandibular fractures after third molar removal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philippe Libersa; David Roze; Thierry Cachart; Jean-Claude Libersa

    2002-01-01

    Purpose: In this retrospective study, we analyzed immediate and late mandibular fractures after impacted lower third molar surgery. Patients and Methods: One hundred fifty oral and maxillofacial surgeons in the north of- France were questioned about their experience with intraoperative and late mandibular fracture after third molar surgery. Cases were examined clinically and radiographically. Results: Thirty-seven fractures were reported in

  10. Queen mandibular pheromone: questions that remain to be resolved

    E-print Network

    Queen mandibular pheromone: questions that remain to be resolved David JARRIAULT, Alison R. MERCER', and the subsequent identification and synthesis of key components of queen mandibular pheromone, has been appreciation of the importance and complexity of queen pheromones, but many mysteries remain about

  11. Mandibular trauma treatment: A comparison of two protocols

    PubMed Central

    Kommers, Sofie C.; Roccia, Fabio; Forouzanfar, Tymour

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment of mandibular fractures treated in two European centre in 10 years. Study Design: This study is based on 2 systematic computer-assisted databases that have continuously recorded patients hospitalized with maxillofacial fractures in two centers in Turin, Italy and in Amsterdam, the Netherlands for ten years. Only patients who were admitted for mandibular fractures were considered for this study. Results: Between 2001 and 2010, a total of 752 patients were admitted at Turin hospital with a total of 1167 mandibular fractures not associated with further maxillofacial fractures, whereas 245 patients were admitted at Amsterdam hospital with a total of 434 mandibular fractures. At Amsterdam center, a total of 457 plates (1.5 - 2.7 mm) were used for the 434 mandibular fracture lines, whereas at Turin center 1232 plates (1.5 – 2.5 mm) were used for the management of the 1167 mandibular fracture lines. At Turin center, 190 patients were treated primarily with IMF, whereas 35 patients were treated with such treatment option at Amsterdam center. Conclusions: Current protocols for the management of mandibular fractures are quite efficient. It is difficult to obtain a uniform protocol, because of the difference of course of each occurring fracture and because of surgeons’ experiences and preferences. Several techniques can still be used for each peculiar fracture of the mandible. Key words:Mandibular fracture, facial trauma, maxillofacial, treatment, multicentre, database. PMID:25475782

  12. Cochlear Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    A cochlear implant is a small, complex electronic device that can help to provide a sense of sound. People who are ... of-hearing can get help from them. The implant consists of two parts. One part sits on ...

  13. Carmustine Implant

    MedlinePLUS

    Carmustine implant is used along with surgery and sometimes radiation therapy to treat malignant glioma (a certain type of ... Carmustine implant comes as a small wafer that is placed in the brain by a doctor during surgery to ...

  14. Cochlear Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the process Understand (when able), along with their parents, their role in the successful use of cochlear implants Have (when able), along with their parents, realistic expectations for cochlear implant use Are willing ...

  15. Cochlear implant

    MedlinePLUS

    ... antenna. This part of the implant receives the sound, converts the sound into an electrical signal, and sends it to ... implants allow deaf people to receive and process sounds and speech. However, it is important to understand ...

  16. Goserelin Implant

    MedlinePLUS

    Goserelin implant is used in combination with radiation therapy and other medications to treat localized prostate cancer ... the treatment of abnormal bleeding of the uterus. Goserelin implant is in a class of medications called ...

  17. Distraction osteogenesis for correction of mandibular abnormalities

    PubMed Central

    Karun, Vinayak; Agarwal, Navneet; Singh, Virendra

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Management of mandibular deformities is challenging. Distraction osteogenesis is a relatively new technique with promising results. Materials and Methods: We selected 12 patients. The osteotomy site decided was proximal to the antegonial notch. Latency time was five to seven days. Consolidation period was eight weeks in eleven cases and six weeks in one case. Results: In all the patients, appreciable lengthening of mandible was achieved. Discussion: The greatest advantage of distraction osteogenesis is growth of soft tissue along with the growth of hard tissue. This increases post operative stability PMID:24665178

  18. Mandibular distraction in neonates: indications, technique, results

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The Pierre Robin Sequence features were first described by Robin in 1923 and include micrognathia, glossoptosis and respiratory distress with an incidence estimated as 1:8,500 to 1:20,000 newborns. Upper airway obstruction and feeding difficulties are the main concerns related to the pathology. Mandibular distraction should be considered a treatment option (when other treatments result inadequate). Patiants and methods Ten patients between the ages of 1 month and 2 years with severe micrognathia and airway obstruction were treated with Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis (MDO). All patients underwent fibroscopic examination of the upper airway and a radiographic imaging and/or computed tomography scans to detect malformations and to confirm that the obstruction was caused by posterior tongue displacement. All patients were evaluated by a multidisciplinary team. Indications for surgery included frequent apneic episodes with severe desaturation (70%). Gavage therapy was employed in all patients since oral feeding was not possible. The two tracheotomy patients were 5 months and 2 years old respectively, and the distraction procedure was performed to remove the tracheotomy tube. All patients were treated with bilateral mandibular distraction: two cases with an external multivector distraction device, six cases with an internal non-resorbable device and two cases with an internal resorbable device. In one case, the patient with Goldenhar's Syndrome, the procedure was repeated. Results The resolution of symptoms was obtained in all patients, and, when present, tracheotomy was removed without complications. Of the two patients with pre-existing tracheotomies, in the younger patient (5 months old) the tracheotomy was removed 7 days postoperatively. In the Goldenhar's syndrome case (2 years old) a Montgomery device was necessary for 6 months due to the presence of tracheotomy-inducted tracheomalacia. Patients were discharged when the endpoint was obtained: symptoms and signs of airway obstruction were resolved, PAS and maxillomandibular relationship improved, and tracheotomy, when present, removed. During the follow-up, no injury to the inferior alveolar nerve was noted and scarring was significant in only the two cases treated with external devices. Conclusion Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis is a good solution in solving respiratory distress when other procedures are failed in paediatric patients with severe micrognatia. PMID:22300418

  19. Oral implants.

    PubMed

    van Steenberghe, D

    1991-04-01

    Today, more and more evidence suggests that even small changes in hardware for oral implants may jeopardize its biocompatibility. Even the manner in which the hardware is sterilized can influence cellular adhesion. This review discusses the surface characteristics, configuration, and success rates of various oral implants, as well as the complications that can result following implantation. PMID:1777657

  20. Metals for bone implants. Part 1. Powder metallurgy and implant rendering.

    PubMed

    Andani, Mohsen Taheri; Shayesteh Moghaddam, Narges; Haberland, Christoph; Dean, David; Miller, Michael J; Elahinia, Mohammad

    2014-10-01

    New metal alloys and metal fabrication strategies are likely to benefit future skeletal implant strategies. These metals and fabrication strategies were looked at from the point of view of standard-of-care implants for the mandible. These implants are used as part of the treatment for segmental resection due to oropharyngeal cancer, injury or correction of deformity due to pathology or congenital defect. The focus of this two-part review is the issues associated with the failure of existing mandibular implants that are due to mismatched material properties. Potential directions for future research are also studied. To mitigate these issues, the use of low-stiffness metallic alloys has been highlighted. To this end, the development, processing and biocompatibility of superelastic NiTi as well as resorbable magnesium-based alloys are discussed. Additionally, engineered porosity is reviewed as it can be an effective way of matching the stiffness of an implant with the surrounding tissue. These porosities and the overall geometry of the implant can be optimized for strain transduction and with a tailored stiffness profile. Rendering patient-specific, site-specific, morphology-specific and function-specific implants can now be achieved using these and other metals with bone-like material properties by additive manufacturing. The biocompatibility of implants prepared from superelastic and resorbable alloys is also reviewed. PMID:24956564

  1. Tetrafid mandibular condyle: a unique case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    ?ahman, H; Etöz, OA; ?ekerci, AE; Etöz, M; ?i?man, Y

    2011-01-01

    Morphological changes such as bifid and trifid mandibular condyle are rare entities. The aim of the present report is to describe a unique morphological variation of the mandibular condyle which has four separate condylar heads (tetrafid mandibular condyle) and to discuss clinical and radiological differential diagnosis of tetrafid mandibular condyle with advanced imaging techniques. PMID:22065803

  2. Management of a transmigrated mandibular canine

    PubMed Central

    Verma, Sneh Lata; Sharma, V. P.; Singh, Gyan P.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to report the management of a transmigrated mandibular canine with emphasis on saving the tooth as natural part rather than surgical removal of the transmigrated tooth. There are several treatment options proposed for impacted mandibular canines including surgical removal, exposure and orthodontic alignment, intra-alveolar tooth transplantation (surgical repositioning of a tooth in its alveolar socket) and observation. The technique, surgical repositioning of a tooth involves the surgical extraction of impacted tooth and fixation in the correct position in the dental arch after surgical preparation (correction) of the alveolar socket. It is especially valuable in cases of difficult-to-treat impaction. A repositioned tooth is better substitute than fixed or removable prostheses, and the technique is more cost effective than other methods. Patients with excellent oral hygiene should be considered as preferred candidates for surgical repositioning of tooth. Disadvantages include the invasiveness of surgery, the difficulty of projecting long term stability due to chances of root resorption and loss of gingival attachment. PMID:24987621

  3. Transmigration of mandibular canine – case report

    PubMed Central

    Gruszka, Katarzyna; Ró?y?o, T. Katarzyna; Ró?y?o-Kalinowska, Ingrid; Denkiewicz, Katarzyna; Mas?owska, Klaudia

    2014-01-01

    Summary Background Transmigration is a phenomenon of movement of an unerupted tooth in the bone across the midline. This anomaly is not often found. Transmigration is more prevalent in females than in males, and more often encountered in the mandible than maxilla, it affects mostly canines. Case Report The aim of this study was to present a case report of a mandibular canine transmigration in a patient aged 12. Intraoral examination determined hypodontia of right second premolar and delayed eruption of left second premolar in maxilla, as well as persistent deciduous teeth: right second molar, left canine and second molar. The patient was referred for a Cone-Beam CT examination, which allowed precise visualization of the transmigrating canine as well as ruled out resorption of roots of mandibular incisors. Results The treatment with a maxillary fixed orthodontic appliance was finished after obtaining a satisfactory result. Proper alignment of the incisors in the anterior-posterior plane and correct midline position were accepted by the patient. Transmigrating canine after consultation with the surgeon was designed to further radiological observation. PMID:24520309

  4. Cone beam computed tomography in oral implants

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Jyoti; Ali, Syed Parveez

    2013-01-01

    Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scanners for the oral and maxillofacial region were pioneered in the late 1990s independently by Arai et al. in Japan and Mozzo et al. CBCT has a lower dose of radiation, minimal metal artifacts, reduced costs, easier accessibility, and easier handling than multislice computed tomography (MSCT); however, the latter is still considered a better choice for the analysis of bone density using a Hounsfield unit (HU) scale. Oral implants require localized area of oral and maxillofacial area for radiation exposure; so, CBCT is an ideal choice. CBCT scans help in the planning of oral implants; they enable measurement of the distance between the alveolar crest and mandibular canal to avoid impingement of inferior alveolar nerve, avoid perforation of the mandibular posterior lingual undercut, and assess the density and quality of bone, and help in planning of the oral implant in the maxilla with special attention to the nasopalatine canal and maxillary sinus. Hence, CBCT reduces the overall exposure to radiation. PMID:24163545

  5. Surgical extraction of mandibular third molar in pterygomandibular space: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Young-Kyu; Park, Sung-Soo

    2013-01-01

    Impacted mandibular third molars are located between the second mandibular molar and mandibular ramus. However, ectopic mandibular third molars with heterotopic positions are reported in the subcondylar or pterygomandibular space. The usual cause of malposition is a cyst or tumor, and malposition without a pathology is rare. This case report described an impacted mandibular third molar in the pterygomandibular space without any associated pathology. PMID:24471052

  6. OSTEOCHONDRAL INTERFACE REGENERATION OF THE RABBIT MANDIBULAR CONDYLE WITH BIOACTIVE SIGNAL GRADIENTS

    PubMed Central

    Dormer, Nathan H.; Busaidy, Kamal; Berkland, Cory J.; Detamore, Michael S.

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE Tissue engineering solutions focused on the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have expanded in number and variety over the past decade to address the treatment of TMJ disorders. The existing literature on approaches for healing small defects in the TMJ condylar cartilage and subchondral bone, however, is sparse. The purpose of this study was thus to evaluate the performance of a novel gradient-based scaffolding approach to regenerate osteochondral defects in the rabbit mandibular condyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS Miniature bioactive plugs for regeneration of small mandibular condylar defects in New Zealand White rabbits were fabricated. The plugs were constructed from poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres with a gradient transition between cartilage-promoting and bone-promoting growth factors. RESULTS At six weeks of healing, results suggested that the implants provided support for the neo-synthesized tissue as evidenced by histology and 9.4T magnetic resonance imaging. CONCLUSION The inclusion of bioactive factors in a gradient-based scaffolding design is a promising new treatment strategy for focal defect repair in the TMJ. PMID:21470747

  7. Lingual Guttering Technique for Removal of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars

    PubMed Central

    Kale, Tejraj P; Pandit, Vikram S; Patil, Shankargouda; Pawar, Vivek; Shetty, Nisha

    2014-01-01

    Background: To assess the clinical feasibility of lingual bone guttering technique for surgical extraction of mandibular third molars. Materials and Methods: 20 patients with thick lingual cortical plate were included in the study. Surgical extraction of mandibular third molars by lingual bone guttering technique was performed in all the subjects. These subjects were evaluated for integrity of lingual cortical plate and sensation of lingual nerve postoperatively. Results: All extractions done by lingual bone guttering technique were clinically feasible to perform and no complications were seen. Conclusion: Lingual bone guttering technique can be used safely in extraction of mandibular third molars with thick lingual cortical plate. PMID:25214725

  8. A simple method to locate mandibular foramen: preliminary radiological study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olivier Trost; Vivien Salignon; Nicolas Cheynel; Gabriel Malka; Pierre Trouilloud

    2010-01-01

    Introduction  The position of mandibular foramen is variable at the medial aspect of mandibular ramus. Nevertheless its location is useful\\u000a for the oral and maxillofacial surgeon in orthognatic surgery, especially in vertical ramus osteotomy (VRO) procedure. The\\u000a aim of our study is to analyse the position of mandibular foramen in order to provide simple and reliable surgical landmarks.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  A

  9. Endodontic management of four rooted mandibular first premolar

    PubMed Central

    Vaghela, Dakshita Joy; Sinha, Ashish Amit

    2013-01-01

    Mandibular premolars have earned the reputation for having aberrant anatomy. The literature is replete with reports of extra canals in mandibular first premolars, but reports about the incidence of extra roots in these teeth are quite rare. This paper attempts at explaining a rare case of successful endodontic management of a four-rooted mandibular first premolar with diagnostic, interoperative and postoperative radiographic records along with a substantial data on the incidence of extra roots in these teeth. The standard method of radiographic appraisal was maintained as the criteria for determining the presence of extra roots. PMID:23349585

  10. Deferoxamine Expedites Consolidation during Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Donneys, Alexis; Deshpande, Sagar S.; Tchanque-Fossuo, Catherine N.; Johnson, Kelsey L.; Blough, Jordan T.; Perosky, Joseph E.; Kozloff, Kenneth M.; Felice, Peter A.; Nelson, Noah S.; Farberg, Aaron S.; Levi, Benjamin; Buchman, Steven R.

    2014-01-01

    Background A limitation of mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis (DO) is the length of time required for consolidation. This drawback subjects patients to possible pin-site infections, as well as a prolonged return to activities of normal daily living. Developing innovative techniques to abridge consolidation periods could be immensely effective in preventing these problematic morbidities. Deferoxamine (DFO) is an angiogenic activator that triggers the HIF-1? pathway through localized iron depletion. We previously established the effectiveness of DFO in enhancing regenerate vascularity at a full consolidation period (28 days) in a murine mandibular DO model. To investigate whether this augmentation in vascularity would function to accelerate consolidation, we progressively shortened consolidation periods prior to ?CT imaging and biomechanical testing (BMT). Materials and Methods Three time points (14d, 21d and 28d) were selected and six groups of Sprague-Dawley rats (n=60) were equally divided into control (C) and experimental (E) groups for each time period. Each group underwent external fixator placement, mandibular osteotomy, and a 5.1mm distraction. During distraction, the experimental groups were treated with DFO injections into the regenerate gap. After consolidation, mandibles were imaged and tension tested to failure. ANOVA was conducted between groups, and p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results At 14 days of consolidation the experimental group demonstrated significant increases in Bone Volume Fraction (BVF), Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and Ultimate Load (UL) in comparison to non-treated controls. The benefit of treatment was further substantiated by a striking 100% increase in the number of bony unions at this early time-period (C:4/10 vs. E:8/10). Furthermore, metrics of BVF, BMD, Yield and UL at 14 days with treatment demonstrated comparable metrics to those of the fully consolidated 28d control group. Conclusion Based on these findings, we contend that augmentation of vascular density through localized DFO injection delivers an efficient means for accelerating bone regeneration without significantly impacting bone quality or strength. PMID:23598047

  11. Implantable Microimagers

    PubMed Central

    Ng, David C.; Tokuda, Takashi; Shiosaka, Sadao; Tano, Yasuo; Ohta, Jun

    2008-01-01

    Implantable devices such as cardiac pacemakers, drug-delivery systems, and defibrillators have had a tremendous impact on the quality of live for many disabled people. To date, many devices have been developed for implantation into various parts of the human body. In this paper, we focus on devices implanted in the head. In particular, we describe the technologies necessary to create implantable microimagers. Design, fabrication, and implementation issues are discussed vis-à-vis two examples of implantable microimagers; the retinal prosthesis and in vivo neuro-microimager. Testing of these devices in animals verify the use of the microimagers in the implanted state. We believe that further advancement of these devices will lead to the development of a new method for medical and scientific applications.

  12. Endodontic implants.

    PubMed

    Yadav, Rakesh K; Tikku, A P; Chandra, Anil; Wadhwani, K K; Ashutosh Kr; Singh, Mayank

    2014-01-01

    Endodontic implants were introduced back in 1960. Endodontic implants enjoyed few successes and many failures. Various reasons for failures include improper case selection, improper use of materials and sealers and poor preparation for implants. Proper case selection had given remarkable long-term success. Two different cases are being presented here, which have been treated successfully with endodontic implants and mineral trioxide aggregate Fillapex (Andreaus, Brazil), an MTA based sealer. We suggest that carefully selected cases can give a higher success rate and this method should be considered as one of the treatment modalities. PMID:25298723

  13. Endodontic implants

    PubMed Central

    Yadav, Rakesh K.; Tikku, A. P.; Chandra, Anil; Wadhwani, K. K.; Ashutosh kr; Singh, Mayank

    2014-01-01

    Endodontic implants were introduced back in 1960. Endodontic implants enjoyed few successes and many failures. Various reasons for failures include improper case selection, improper use of materials and sealers and poor preparation for implants. Proper case selection had given remarkable long-term success. Two different cases are being presented here, which have been treated successfully with endodontic implants and mineral trioxide aggregate Fillapex (Andreaus, Brazil), an MTA based sealer. We suggest that carefully selected cases can give a higher success rate and this method should be considered as one of the treatment modalities. PMID:25298723

  14. Speech and lingual behavior before and after mandibular osteotomy.

    PubMed

    Glass, L; Knapp, J; Bloomer, H H

    1977-02-01

    A procedure was applied to compare the oral behavior of five patients before and after mandibular osteotomy for correction of Class III malocclusions. It was found that observable changes in oral behavior do occur after mandibular osteotomy. Fewer errors were found in sibilant articulation, while more maladaptive lingual behaviors were found in lingual diadochokinetic tasks. Changes were also found in swallowing behaviors. Performance tasks of speech, diadochokinetics, and swallowing were recorded on audio-videotape. PMID:264502

  15. Case reportRidge augmentation using mandibular tori

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A W G Walls; J G Meechan; D Barker

    2001-01-01

    A 19-year-old female was referred by her dental practitioner for the restoration of missing maxillary lateral incisors and canines. Ridge augmentation was required. This was undertaken using mandibular tori as the sites for harvesting bone. The grafting was successful and the spaces were subsequently restored using resin-bonded bridgework. The case reports that mandibular tori provide a local and convenient source

  16. Mandibular premolars with aberrant canal morphology: An endodontic challenge

    PubMed Central

    Mittal, Sunandan; Kumar, Tarun; Mittal, Shifali; Sharma, Jyotika

    2014-01-01

    Complete cleaning and shaping is the key to successful endodontic treatment. A thorough understanding of the internal anatomy and morphology of the root canal system is an important consideration when performing cleaning and shaping procedures. Mandibular premolars are one of the most difficult teeth to treat endodontically because of aberrant root canal anatomy. This article describes case series of mandibular premolars with variations in root canal anatomy treated successfully by conventional endodontic treatment. PMID:25298656

  17. Finite Element Reconstruction of a Mandibular First Molar

    PubMed Central

    Ehsani, Sara; Mirhashemi, Fatemeh Sadat; Asgary, Saeed

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Mandibular first molar is the most important tooth with complicated morphology. In finite element (FE) studies, investigators usually prefer to model anterior teeth with a simple and single straight root; it makes the results deviate from the actual case. The most complicated and time-consuming step in FE studies is modeling of the desired tooth, thus this study was performed to establish a finite element method (FEM) of reconstructing a mandibular first molar with the greatest precision. Materials and Methods An extracted mandibular first molar was digitized, and then radiographed from different aspects to achieve its outer and inner morphology. The solid model of tooth and root canals were constructed according to this data as well as the anatomy of mandibular first molar described in the literature. Result A three-dimensional model of mandibular first molar was created, giving special consideration to shape and root canal system dimensions. Conclusion This model may constitute a basis for investigating the effect of different clinical situations on mandibular first molars in vitro, especially on its root canal system. The method described here seems feasible and reasonably precise foundation for investigations. PMID:23717327

  18. Relationship of the lingual frenum to the mandibular central incisors

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Swati; Garg, Sanchit; Tandan, Amrit; Dwivedi, Ravi; Gupta, Narendra Kumar; Agarwal, Garima

    2015-01-01

    Clinical implication The purpose of this study is to record the vertical distance between anterior attachment of lingual frenum and incisal edge of mandibular central incisors in dentulous subjects and then determine the mean vertical distance and to suggest guidelines for positioning of mandibular central incisors in complete dentures. Method In this study, 150 dentulous subjects (75 males and 75 females) were chosen based on predecided inclusion criteria. A mandibular cast was obtained from irreversible hydrocolloid impression in modified stock trays for each subject. All subjects were instructed to elevate the tongue while the impressions were made. The vertical distance between the anterior attachment of the lingual frenum and incisal edges of mandibular central incisors was measured on the casts and then the values were statistically analyzed. Result The distance between anterior attachment of lingual frenum (AALF) mesioincisal edge of mandibular central incisor (CI) in male, female and total (male + female) subjects was measured. In males it ranged from 7.3 to 8.9 mm with mean (±SD) 8.29 ± 0.36 mm while in females it ranged from 7.1 to 9.0 mm with mean (±SD) 8.21 ± 0.38 mm. Conclusion It is believed that the application of this anatomic relation can provide a reliable point for arranging and checking the position of the mandibular central incisors for complete dentures in patients with class I ridge relationship.

  19. Stress Analysis on Single Cobalt/Chrome Prosthesis with a 15mm Cantilever placed over 10/13/15mm length implants. A simulated photoelastic model study.

    PubMed

    Gastaldo, José Fábio Guastelli; Pimentel, Angelica Castro; Gomes, Maria Helena; Sendyk, Wilson Roberto; Lagana, Dalva Cruz

    2014-06-10

    Abstract Purpose: The aim of study was to assess the stress around 10/13/15 mm implants in the mandibular area with a 15 mm cantilevered acrylic resin coated prostheses following the application force, using the photoelasticity method. Materials and Methods: Three photoelastic mandibular models were created containing 10, 13, and 15 mm implants in length and 3.75 mm in diameter. The implants had bore internal hex connections and were placed parallel to the inter-mental region. Abutments with 1-mm high cuffs were placed over the implants, and a single cobalt/chrome metallic prosthesis with a 15-mm cantilever coated with thermoplastic acrylic resin was placed on top. Loads of 1.0 and 3.0 bars were applied, and the images were photographed and assessed by photoelasticity method. Results: The greatest stress levels were observed for the 10-mm implants. The stress pattern was the same regardless of the length of the implants; only the magnitude of the stress along the implant body revealed changes. Increased implant length played a role in reducing the stress on the investigated area of the model, and the 15-mm implants exhibited the best performance in regard to stress distribution. The highest stress levels were found in the implants closest to the cantilever and the central implant. Conclusions: The longest implants were more favorable in regard to the stress distribution on the peri-implant support structures in 15mm cantilevered prosthesis under loads. PMID:24914673

  20. Urogynecologic Surgical Mesh Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Medical Devices Products and Medical Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Urogynecologic Surgical Mesh Implants Urogynecologic Surgical Mesh Implants ... More in Products and Medical Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Urogynecologic Surgical Mesh Implants Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) ...

  1. Development and functionality of isoelastic dental implants of titanium alloys.

    PubMed

    Breme, J; Biehl, V; Schulte, W; d'Hoedt, B; Donath, K

    1993-10-01

    Two types of isoelastic endosseous dental implants were produced and their functionality was tested. One type consisted of a porous sintered TiTa30 alloy, the other had a special surface structure consisting of titanium wire loops. Their mechanical properties were optimized by the production parameter (sintering and diffusion bonding, respectively). The functionality was tested after insertion into an artificial jaw which had properties corresponding to the natural mandibular. The elastic properties of both implants were similar to the properties of the bone. In addition the implants have a safe anchorage bone ingrowth. In animal experiments using the implant with surface loops it was observed that the bone entered the loops and even extremely small surface cavities in the wire loops. PMID:8268380

  2. Correction of a severe skeletal Class II occlusion with a fixed functional appliance anchored on mini-implants: a patient report.

    PubMed

    Gandedkar, Narayan H; Revankar, Ameet V; Ganeshkar, Sanjay V

    2010-01-01

    This report describes the treatment of a patient with a severe skeletal Angle Class II occlusion with a 14-mm overjet, crowding, and protrusion of the mandibular anterior teeth. The Class II relationship was caused mainly by a short corpus of the mandible. A fixed functional appliance was directly anchored on mini-implants, which were inserted in the mandible. A significant amount of mandibular advancement was achieved, with no protrusion of the mandibular anterior teeth. Facial esthetics improved considerably. This is the first patient report to demonstrate that mini-implants can be applied to anchor fixed functional appliances. The rationale to use mini-implants with fixed functional appliances and the potential benefits of this procedure are discussed. PMID:21491004

  3. Computer-aided design and manufacturing and rapid prototyped nanoscale hydroxyapatite/polyamide (n-HA/PA) construction for condylar defect caused by mandibular angle ostectomy.

    PubMed

    Li, Jihua; Hsu, Yuchun; Luo, En; Khadka, Ashish; Hu, Jing

    2011-08-01

    The fracture or defect of the mandibular condyle is one of the serious complications during angle-reduction ostectomy. Reconstruction of such defects also is a daunting task. The case report describes a method based on computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and rapid prototyping nanoscale hydroxyapatite/polyamide (n-HA/PA) for individual design, fabrication, and implantation of a mandibular condyle. A 27-year-old woman with a square-shaped face who had previously undergone mandibular angle reduction reported with malocclusion, deviated mouth, collapse of the right side of the face, and masticatory problems. The reason for the problems was the unintended removal of the condyle during the ostectomy procedure. Using computed tomography (CT) data, a biomimetic n-HA/PA scaffold, and CAD/CAM for rapid prototyping by three-dimensional (3D) printing, a perfect-fitting condylar implant was fabricated. A surgical guide system also was developed to reproduce the procedures accurately so a perfect fit could be obtained during surgery. The patient ultimately regained reasonable jaw contour and appearance, as well as appreciable temporomandibular joint (TMJ) function. PMID:20972567

  4. Control of human mandibular posture during locomotion

    PubMed Central

    Miles, Timothy S; Flavel, Stanley C; Nordstrom, Michael A

    2004-01-01

    Mandibular movements and masseter muscle activity were measured in humans during hopping, walking and running to determine whether reflexes contribute to the maintenance of jaw position during locomotion. In initial experiments, subjects hopped so that they landed either on their toes or on their heel. Landing on the toes provoked only small mandibular movements and no reflex responses in the masseter electromyogram (EMG). Landing on the heels with the jaw muscles relaxed caused the mandible to move vertically downwards relative to the maxilla, and evoked a brisk reflex response in the masseter at monosynaptic latency. Neither this relative movement of the mandible nor the reflex was seen when the teeth were clenched: hence the reflex is not the result of vestibular activation during head movement. The same variables were measured in a second series of experiments while subjects stood, walked and ran at various speeds and at various inclinations on a treadmill. During walking, the vertical movements of the head and therefore the mandible were slow and small, and there was no tonic masseter EMG or gait-related activity in the jaw-closing muscles. When subjects ran, the vertical head and jaw movement depended on the running speed and the inclination of the treadmill. Landing on the heels induced larger movements than landing on the toes. About 10 ms after each foot-strike, the mandible moved downwards relative to the maxilla, thereby stretching the jaw-closing muscles and activating them at segmental reflex latency. This caused the mandible to move back upwards. The strength of the reflex response was related to the speed and amplitude of the vertical jaw movement following landing. It is concluded that, during walking, the small, slow movements of the mandible relative to the maxilla are subthreshold for stretch reflexes in the jaw muscles: i.e. the mandible is supported by visco-elasticity of the soft tissues in the masticatory system. However, the brisker downward movements of the mandible after heel-landing during hopping and running evoke segmental reflex responses which contribute to the active maintenance of the posture of the mandible. This is a unique demonstration of how a stretch reflex operates to maintain posture under entirely natural conditions. PMID:14678503

  5. Prosthodontic rehabilitation of malpositioned implants after ameloblastoma followed by mandibulectomy and costal bone graft: a clinical report.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wei; Mao, Cai-Yun; Gu, Xin-Hua

    2013-02-01

    This clinical report describes the rehabilitation with costal bone graft reconstruction and 3 implants of a patient with a partial mandibular defect as a result of a partial mandibulectomy due to ameloblastoma of the left mandible. Due to the altered shape of the graft bone, the implants were malpositioned in the buccolingual plane. The prosthodontic rehabilitation was successfully completed by using an implant-supported milled bar combined with telescopic crown-retained dentures. This tooth implant-supported prosthesis successfully restored function and esthetics. Aspects that deal with the repair of the buccal soft tissues are discussed. PMID:23287980

  6. Herbal remedies for mandibular fracture healing

    PubMed Central

    Mohammad, Shadab; Pal, U.S.; Pradhan, R.; Singh, Nimisha

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: When a bone is fractured it is usually necessary to employ a mechanical means to reduce and maintain the fragments in position. However, healing of the fracture is governed by biological principles, with which the mechanical measures must be coordinated to the end, such that a satisfactory bony union and restoration of form and function are obtained. We have studied the effect of Cissus quadrangularis (Harjor) and Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi), in the healing of mandibular fractures. Materials and Methods: A total of 29 cases having a fracture in the body of the mandible were included in the study and divided into three groups. Groups A and B were treated with Ocimum sanctum and Cissus quadrangularis, respectively, and fracture healing was assessed with biochemical markers and the bite force. Group C was the control group. Results: The period of immobilization was the lowest in the Group A followed by Group B. A significant increase in alkaline phosphatase and serum calcium was seen in Group B. The tensile strength in terms of the biting force was the maximum in cases of Group B. Conclusion: We conclude that Cissus quadrangularis and Ocimum sanctum help in fracture healing, and use of such traditional drugs will be a breakthrough in the management and early mobilization of facial fractures. PMID:25298715

  7. Mandibular osteosarcoma in a nutria (Myocastor coypus).

    PubMed

    Johnson, James G; Kim, Kenneth; Serio, Jacqueline; Paulsen, Daniel; Rademacher, Nathalie; Pirie, Gordon

    2014-09-01

    A four-year-old neutered male nutria (Myocastor coypus) was presented for a one-day history of lethargy and anorexia. A right-sided facial swelling and loose right mandibular fourth molar that exuded caseous exudate from the root were noted; however, the animal continued to decline despite removal of the affected tooth and antibiotic and anti-inflammatory therapy. Radiographs showed a lytic proliferative bony lesion on the right mandible that appeared to expand in size over the course of a week. Due to its declining clinical condition and poor response to therapy, the animal was euthanized. Necropsy revealed an invasive bony neoplasm of the right mandible, histologically consistent with an osteosarcoma, that was invading the mandible and dental arcade, likely contributing to tooth root infection and osteomyelitis. Endocardiosis of the tricuspid valve was incidentally found as well with early cardiac remodeling of the right ventricle. This is the first report of an osteosarcoma and endocardiosis in a nutria. PMID:25314853

  8. The rationale for the introduction of implant dentistry into the dental curriculum.

    PubMed

    Lang, N P; De Bruyn, H

    2009-02-01

    This paper provides arguments for the introduction of implant dentistry into the undergraduate curriculum. The survival of teeth is very high when disease is diagnosed and treated properly and maintenance is taken care of. Nevertheless, tooth replacements by fixed and removable prostheses are highly prevalent. It is expected that dentists will face a dramatically increased need to care for elderly patients and partially edentulous patients. Hence, the demand for implant reconstructions will be substantial and more appropriately trained and competent health professionals will be needed. Increasing demands of the patient regarding aesthetics and function will influence the demands for implant therapy. The improvement of oral function and subjective chewing comfort, the preservation of tooth structures or existing reconstructions and the replacement of missing, strategically important teeth are major indications for implant placement. From both a biological and an economical point of view, the single tooth replacement with an implant is the first choice in situations with no or minimally restored neighbouring teeth compared with conventional bridgework. Stability of full dentures represent a major problem especially for the mandible. It is well documented that placement of two implants supporting an overdenture substantially improve chewing capacity, increase quality of life and is a simple and cost-effective treatment thus rendering such treatment a 'standard of care' procedure. There is no doubt that dental students should learn to incorporate the indication of oral implants in their overall treatment planning. Therefore, they will have to understand the basic aspects of healing and tissue integration, basic biomechanical and material science principles as well as surgical and prosthetic techniques. They will have to be able to monitor continuously the peri-implant tissues, render appropriate supportive therapy and cope with biological and technical complications. While it is evident that the surgical procedure per se may require additional competence, the remainder of the aspects mentioned should be taught in the dental curriculum. This should include the attribution of responsibility for maintenance of implants and handling of biological and technical complications. Moreover, it is desirable to include the surgical technique for implant placement for 'straightforward' cases into the dental curriculum. The levels and limitations to which the various aspects of implant dentistry and related skills are to be taught are determined by the academic community. Obviously, ethical and legal aspects of implant dentistry should not be forgotten. PMID:19281511

  9. Volatiles in the mandibular gland of Tetraponera penzigi: A plant ant of the whistling thorn acacia

    E-print Network

    Palmer, Todd M.

    Volatiles in the mandibular gland of Tetraponera penzigi: A plant ant of the whistling thorn acacia; accepted 11 January 2006 Keywords: Tetraponera penzigi; Hymenoptera; Formicidae; Pseudomyrmecinae; Acacia drepanolobium; Whistling thorn acacia; Mandibular gland; Alarm pheromone 1. Subject and source Workers

  10. Evaluation of mandibular condyles in children with unilateral posterior crossbite.

    PubMed

    Illipronti-Filho, Edson; Fantini, Solange Mongelli; Chilvarquer, Israel

    2015-03-01

    The relationship of mandibular condyle dimensions and its association with unilateral posterior crossbite (UPXB) has been suggested in the literature. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate mandibular condyles on the left and right sides and between crossed and non-crossed sides in the sagittal and coronal planes, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Twenty CBCT images of 40 temporo mandibular joints (TMJs) in individuals in mixed dentition phase, which included 9 males (mean 7.9 years) and 11 females (mean 8.2 years), with unilateral posterior crossbite without premature contacts and functional mandibular shifts and with transverse maxillary deficiency. The criteria for sample exclusion included the presence of painful symptoms, facial trauma history, systemic diseases such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, mouth opening limitation (< 40 mm), congenital or genetic anomalies, and skeletal asymmetries that may result in TMJ disorders. Dimensional measurements of the condyles between the right and left sides and crossed and non-crossed sides in sagittal and coronal view were made. There was no significant difference between the measurements of the crossed and non-crossed sides in both sagittal and coronal view. These findings suggest that the presence of unilateral posterior crossbite in children with UPXB did not result in changes between the mandibular condyles in the right and left sides or between the crossed and non-crossed sides in the coronal or sagittal plane. PMID:25760067

  11. Adjunctive techniques for enhancing mandibular growth in Class II malocclusion.

    PubMed

    Feres, M F N; Alhadlaq, A; El-Bialy, T

    2015-04-01

    Class II malocclusions are generally characterized by mandible retrusion. For this reason, forward bite jumping appliances, also known as functional appliances were originally designed to enhance mandibular forward projection. However, there is still insufficient evidence to support the effectiveness, predictability and stability of functional appliances in modifying mandibular growth. This article was aimed at presenting evidences and hypotheses that mandibular growth may be enhanced through the use of adjunctive methods in conjunction with functional appliances. In formulating our hypothesis, we considered relevant data, mostly derived from animal studies, concerning alternative methods, such as low-intensity ultrasound and light-emitting diode, as well as their related cellular and molecular mechanisms. According to the evidences covered in this article, we suggest that both methods are potentially effective, and theoretically able to act in synergistic way to enhance functional appliances treatment on mandibular and condylar additional growth. The rationale for the use of these methods as adjunctive therapies for mandibular underdevelopment is attributed to their abilities on stimulating angiogenesis, cell differentiation, proliferation, and hypertrophy, as well as enhancing matrix production and endochondoral bone formation, especially on the condyle of growing animals. This article also proposed a study design which would be able to either prove or refute our hypothesis. If ratified, it would represent a significant scientific accomplishment which provides support for further investigations to be carried out on well-designed clinical trials. PMID:25648662

  12. Effects of tissue-engineered articular disc implants on the biomechanical loading of the human temporomandibular joint in a three-dimensional finite element model.

    PubMed

    Al-Sukhun, Jehad; Ashammakhi, Nureddin; Penttila, Heikki

    2007-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate biomechanical loading of the temporomandibular joint when using a biodegradable laminate implant to replace the articular disc and to test the hypothesis that the use of the implant reduces stress distribution in the condyle, implant, and glenoid fossa. A finite element model of a female human mandible, including the temporomandibular joint, which had two standard endosseous implants inserted bilaterally in the premolar region, was constructed from computed tomography scan images using a commercially available finite element software. The disc, condyle, and glenoid fossa were arbitrarily divided into five regions: the anterior, posterior, medial, lateral, and central. The disc was then replaced with a poly-L/DL-lactide biodegradable laminate. The finite element model was then used to predict principal and Von Mises stresses. The use of poly-L/DL-lactide implant resulted in remarkable reduction in Von Mises stresses (approximately threefold) in the anterior, central, and medial regions of the mandibular condyle in comparison with slight to moderate stress reductions in the corresponding regions of the implant and glenoid fossa. The mandibular condyle also demonstrated the largest total displacement in all directions followed by the implant and glenoid fossa. The use of an alloplastic implant such as the bioresorbable, poly-L/DL-lactide laminate to replace the articular disc reduces loading of the mandibular condyle rather than the implant and glenoid fossa. These findings lead to support the hypothesis that the mandibular condyle more likely functions as a shock absorber than the disc. The use of bioresorbable laminate implants might prove an efficient technique to replace the articular disc and promote normal function of the temporomandibular joint. PMID:17667665

  13. Prevalence of Three-rooted Mandibular First Molars among Taiwanese Individuals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ming-Gene Tu; Chi-Cheng Tsai; Ming-Jia Jou; Wil-Lie Chen; Yu-Fang Chang; San-Yue Chen; Hui-Wen Cheng

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of mandibular first molars featuring a distolingual root among a Taiwanese population. A total of 731 patients’ periapical radiographs were screened and examined to obtain 166 samples for this study. The gender, symmetry, and frequencies of occurrence of three-rooted mandibular first molars were recorded. The prevalence of three-rooted mandibular first

  14. Mandibular condylectomy in a cow with a chronic luxation of the temporomandibular joint

    PubMed Central

    Sparks, Holly D.; Roquet, Imma; MacKay, Angela; Barber, Spencer

    2014-01-01

    A cow, presented after being struck by a motor vehicle, continued to have difficulty eating after mandibular fracture repair. Imaging showed a temporomandibular luxation and a mandibular condylectomy was performed. Mastication improved greatly but the cow was euthanized due to infection. This is the first report of mandibular condylectomy in cattle. PMID:24891643

  15. Isolated bilateral macrodontia of mandibular second premolars: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Canoglu, Ebru; Canoglu, Harun; Aktas, Alper; Cehreli, Zafer C.

    2012-01-01

    Isolated bilateral macrodontia of mandibular second premolars is an extremely rare dental anomaly with only 5 cases reported to date. This case report presents clinical and radiographic findings of isolated bilateral macrodontia in a 12-year-old child. The patient was referred to the clinic with local crowding of mandibular posterior teeth. Radiographic findings revealed the presence of impacted macrodont mandibular second premolars and their distinct morphological appearance, characterized by large, multitubercular, molariform crowns, and tapering, single roots. Following surgical removal of the impacted premolars, orthodontic therapy was initiated to correct the malocclusion. Along with the features and treatment of this rare anomaly, this case report also illustrates the benefits, in terms of treatment planning and surgical technique, of supplementing conventional radiography with cone-beam computed tomography to localize the macrodont premolars and accurately establish their relationship with the neighboring roots and anatomic structures. PMID:22904663

  16. [Surgical and prosthetic treatment of large mandibular cysts].

    PubMed

    Dzambas, Ljubisa; Dzolev, Asen

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a combined surgical-prosthetic procedure of reconstructing mandibular bone defect in a 53 year old patient, following enucleation of a mandibular cyst (Cystectomy Partsch II). After a thorough diagnostic evaluation, a surgical procedure was planned with the particular attention to the nature of the disease, patient's condition, size and extension of the cyst, tissue loss, and the possibilities of prosthetic management of a mandibular bone defect with partial postresection dental prosthesis. It is of great importance to point to the significance of teamwork of a maxillofacial surgeon and a specialist in prosthodontics. This kind of cooperation provided very effective and less risky soft tissue, as well as bone tissue regeneration (osteogenesis). The patient's recovery was fast, and he could return to his daily activities and work without significant changes regarding quality of life after surgery and prosthetic treatment. PMID:12891734

  17. Three Cases of Elongated Mandibular Coronoid Process with Different Presentations

    PubMed Central

    Ilguy, Mehmet; Kursoglu, Pinar; Ilguy, Dilhan

    2014-01-01

    Abnormal elongation of the mandibular coronoid process is rare and its etiology is not yet elucidated. The aim of this report is to demonstrate and discuss the relationship between elongated mandibular coronoid process and limitation of mouth opening with cone beam computed tomography. Although the clinical characteristic of elongation of the coronoid process is mandibular limitation, in this report, one case had problem with mouth opening. Axial scans revealed that the distance between the coronoid process and the inner face of the frontal part of the zygomatic bone may cause limitation in mouth opening. In conclusion, instead of the length, the distance between the coronoid process and the inner face of the frontal part of the zygomatic bone may be the actual reason for limitation of mouth opening. This may prevent misdiagnosis. PMID:24693298

  18. Dentigerous Cyst associated with Horizontally Impacted Mandibular Second Premolar

    PubMed Central

    Tripathi, Abhay Mani; Rathore, Monika

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Dentigerous Cyst/developmental cyst of benign odontogenic origin are ones that surround the crown of impacted, embedded, unerupted or developing teeth. Dentigerous cyst is second most common cyst of the oral cavity after radicular cyst. They are usually solitary in occurrence and mostly associated with the mandibular third molars. Dentigerous cysts involving impacted second premolars are rarely reported in the literatures. We present a rare case of dentigerous cyst in a 12-year-old female patient associated with an impacted mandibular second premolar. How to cite this article: Mishra R, Tripathi AM, Rathore M. Dentigerous Cyst associated with Horizontally Impacted Mandibular Second Premolar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(1): 54-57. PMID:25206240

  19. Osteochondroma of mandibular condyle: A clinic-radiographic correlation

    PubMed Central

    More, Chandramani B.; Gupta, Swati

    2013-01-01

    Osteochondroma (OC) of temporo mandibular joint is a rare, slow growing, benign tumor that causes a progressive enlargement of the condyle, usually resulting in facial asymmetry, temporo mandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction, limited mouth opening and malocclusion. Pain is rarely associated with this tumor. OC is composed of cartilaginous and osseous tissues. Radiographically, there is unilaterally enlarged condyle usually with an exophytic outgrowth of the tumor from the condylar head. We present a rare case of osteochondroma of right mandibular condyle in a 45-year-old male who reported with painless swelling over TMJ area and progressive limited mouth opening. Panoramic radiograph and computed tomography (CT) was performed for better evaluation of the pathological condition. This paper describes the clinico-radiographic features and differential diagnosis of OC. PMID:24082753

  20. Numerical study of effect of elastomeric stress absorbers on stress reduction in bone-dental implant interface.

    PubMed

    Mehdi, Ghalem; Belarbi, Abderrahmane; Mansouri, Bensmaine; Azari, Zitouni

    2015-01-01

    Objective This paper focused on optimal stress distribution in the mandibular bone surrounding a dental implant and is devoted to the development of a modified Osteoplant® implant type in order to minimize stress concentration in the bone-implant interface. Material and Methods This study investigated 0.4 mm thick layers of two elastomeric stress barriers incorporated into the dental implant using 3-D finite element analysis. Results Overall, this proposed implant provoked lower load transfer in bone-implant interface due to the effect of the elastomers as stress absorbers. The stress level in the bone was reduced between 28% and 42% for three load cases: 75 N, 60 N and 27 N in corono-apical, linguo-buccal and disto-mesial direction, respectively. Conclusion The proposed model provided an acceptable solution for load transfer reduction to the mandible. This investigation also permitted to choose how to incorporate two elastomers into the Osteoplant® implant system. PMID:25760271

  1. Numerical study of effect of elastomeric stress absorbers on stress reduction in bone-dental implant interface

    PubMed Central

    MEHDI, Ghalem; BELARBI, Abderrahmane; MANSOURI, Bensmaine; AZARI, Zitouni

    2015-01-01

    Objective This paper focused on optimal stress distribution in the mandibular bone surrounding a dental implant and is devoted to the development of a modified Osteoplant® implant type in order to minimize stress concentration in the bone-implant interface. Material and Methods This study investigated 0.4 mm thick layers of two elastomeric stress barriers incorporated into the dental implant using 3-D finite element analysis. Results Overall, this proposed implant provoked lower load transfer in bone-implant interface due to the effect of the elastomers as stress absorbers. The stress level in the bone was reduced between 28% and 42% for three load cases: 75 N, 60 N and 27 N in corono-apical, linguo-buccal and disto-mesial direction, respectively. Conclusion The proposed model provided an acceptable solution for load transfer reduction to the mandible. This investigation also permitted to choose how to incorporate two elastomers into the Osteoplant® implant system. PMID:25760271

  2. The retention mechanics of LTI carbon, carbon-coated aluminum oxide, and uncoated aluminum oxide dental implants.

    PubMed

    Cook, S D; Weinstein, A M; Klawitter, J J

    1983-09-01

    The in vitro mechanical behavior of identical geometry LTI carbon, carbon-coated aluminum oxide, and uncoated aluminum oxide blade-type dental implants has been evaluated using rosette type strain gauges and a LVDT system. The implants served as a distal abutment for a three-unit fixed prosthesis and functioned for a period of 2 years in female baboons. The comparison of the LTI carbon implants to the carbon-coated aluminum oxide implants allowed for a study of the effect of implant elastic modulus on the mechanical behavior, while the comparison of the carbon-coated and uncoated aluminum oxide implants allowed for a study of the effect of chemical composition at the tissue-implant interface. The results of the mechanical testing indicate that the implant displacement response of the LTI carbon implants was greater than that of the carbon-coated and uncoated aluminum oxide implants. Little difference in displacement response was observed for the carbon-coated and uncoated aluminum oxide implants. No clear trend in the strain response of the buccal mandibular bone was observed for the three implant systems. The greatest differences in strain response, however, was observed between the uncoated aluminum oxide implants and the LTI carbon and carbon-coated aluminum oxide implants. PMID:6352708

  3. Mandibular corpus bone strain in goats and alpacas: Implications for understanding the biomechanics of mandibular form in selenodont artiodactyls

    PubMed Central

    Williams, Susan H; Vinyard, Christopher J; Wall, Christine E; Hylander, William L

    2009-01-01

    The goal of this study is to clarify the functional and biomechanical relationship between jaw morphology and in vivo masticatory loading in selenodont artiodactyls. We compare in vivo strains from the mandibular corpus of goats and alpacas to predicted strain patterns derived from biomechanical models for mandibular corpus loading during mastication. Peak shear strains in both species average 600–700 µ? on the working side and approximately 450 µ? on the balancing side. Maximum principal tension in goats and alpacas is directed at approximately 30° dorsocaudally relative to the long axis of the corpus on the working side and approximately perpendicular to the long axis on the balancing side. Strain patterns in both species indicate primarily torsion of the working-side corpus about the long axis and parasagittal bending and/or lateral transverse bending of the balancing-side corpus. Interpretation of the strain patterns is consistent with comparative biomechanical analyses of jaw morphology suggesting that in goats, the balancing-side mandibular corpus is parasagittally bent whereas in alpacas it experiences lateral transverse bending. However, in light of higher working-side corpus strains, biomechanical explanations of mandibular form also need to consider that torsion influences relative corpus size and shape. Furthermore, the complex combination of loads that occur along the selenodont artiodactyl mandibular corpus during the power stroke has two implications. First, added clarification of these loading patterns requires in vivo approaches for elucidating biomechanical links between mandibular corpus morphology and masticatory loading. Second, morphometric approaches may be limited in their ability to accurately infer masticatory loading regimes of selenodont artiodactyl jaws. PMID:19166474

  4. Unique and reliable rat model for the assessment of cell therapy: bone union in the rat mandibular symphysis using bone marrow stromal cells.

    PubMed

    Yagyuu, Takahiro; Kirita, Tadaaki; Hattori, Koji; Tadokoro, Mika; Ohgushi, Hajime

    2015-03-01

    Many kinds of bone graft materials have been developed and reported to repair various bone defects. The defects are usually created by surgical resection of pre-existing bone tissue. However, spontaneous healing of bone defects without implantation of materials could be seen, because bone tissue possesses inherent repairing property. The central portion of the lower jaw bone in many animals consists of fibrous tissue and is called the mandibular symphysis. It persists even in old animals and thus can be interpreted as a physiological bone gap or a non-healing bone defect. We implanted calcium phosphate porous ceramics alone or composites of the ceramics and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) into the bone defect (mandibular symphysis) to examine whether it could be filled with new bone tissue, resulting in bone union. Eight weeks after implantation, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histological and biomechanical analyses demonstrated that bone union of the mandibles occurred in all rats with composites but in none of those with ceramics alone. These results showed that the rat mandibular symphysis is a unique bone defect site for the evaluation of bone graft materials. These analyses demonstrated that ceramics alone could not contribute to bone healing in the defect; however, supplementation with BMSCs drastically changed the properties of the ceramics (turning them into osteogenic ceramics), which completely healed the defect. As BMSCs can be culture-expanded using small amounts of bone marrow, the use of the composites might have clinical significance for the reconstruction of various bone tissues, including facial bone. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:23255518

  5. Mesenchymal stem cells modified with nerve growth factor improve recovery of the inferior alveolar nerve after mandibular distraction osteogenesis in rabbits.

    PubMed

    Wang, L; Zhao, Y; Cao, J; Yang, X; Lei, D

    2015-03-01

    Distraction osteogenesis is widely used in the treatment of bony deformities and defects. However, injury to the inferior alveolar nerve is a concern. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility of using lentiviral-mediated human nerve growth factor beta (hNGF?) of the inferior alveolar nerve in mandibular distraction osteogenesis in rabbits. To achieve this, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from the bone marrow of rabbit mandibles were isolated and genetically engineered using recombinant lentiviral vector containing hNGF?. Twenty New Zealand white rabbits underwent mandibular distraction osteogenesis, and 5 million MSC transduced with hNGF?-vector or control vector were transplanted around the nerve in the gap where the bone had been fractured during the operation (n=10 in each group). After gradual distraction, samples of the nerve were harvested for histological and histomorphometric analysis. We found that the genetically engineered MSC transduced by the lentiviral vector were able to secrete hNGF? at physiologically relevant concentrations as measured by ELISA. Histological examination of the nerve showed more regenerating nerve fibres and less myelin debris in the group in which hNGF?-modified MSC had been implanted than in the control group. Histomorphometric analysis of the nerve showed increased density of myelinated fibres in the group in which hNGF?-modified MSC had been implanted than in the control group. The data suggest that implantation of hNGF?-modified MSC can accelerate the morphological recovery of the inferior alveolar nerve during mandibular distraction osteogenesis in rabbits. The use of lentiviral-mediated gene treatment to deliver hNGF? through MSC may be a promising way of minimising injury to the nerve. PMID:25600702

  6. [A study on individual mandibular prostheses according to 3D reconstruction of CT images and CNC simulation method].

    PubMed

    Pan, Liu-guo; Sun, Li-qun

    2007-03-01

    The new method of manufacturing individual mandibular prostheses, in combination with CT data and CNC technique, can duplicate bone tissues accurately, and can have the individual mandibular prosthesis made to order, and repair the mandibular defect (especially the lager mandibular segmental defect). PMID:17552166

  7. Management of mandibular body fractures in pediatric patients: A case report with review of literature

    PubMed Central

    John, Baby; John, Reena R.; Stalin, A.; Elango, Indumathi

    2010-01-01

    Mandibular fractures are relatively less frequent in children when compared to adults, which may be due to the child's protected anatomic features and infrequent exposure of children to alcohol related traffic accidents. Treatment principles of mandibular fractures differ from that of adults due to concerns regarding mandibular growth and development of dentition. A case of a 4.5-year-old boy with fractured body of mandible managed by closed reduction using open occlusal acrylic splint and circum mandibular wiring is presented. This article also provides a review of literature regarding the management of mandibular body fracture in young children. PMID:22114443

  8. Ion Implant

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website includes an animation which illustrates the ion implant process. Objective: Name the three common dopants used in implantation processes and explain the process of generating an ion beam from source to wafer. You can find this animation under the heading "Process & Equipment III." This simulation is from Module 026 of the Process & Equipment III Cluster of the MATEC Module Library (MML). To view other clusters or for more information about the MML visit http://matec.org/ps/library3/process_I.shtmlKey

  9. Effect of bite force on orthodontic mini-implants in the molar region: Finite element analysis

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Hyeon-Jung; Lee, Kyung-Sook; Kim, Min-Ji

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine the effect of bite force on the displacement and stress distribution of orthodontic mini-implants (OMIs) in the molar region according to placement site, insertion angle, and loading direction. Methods Five finite element models were created using micro-computed tomography (microCT) images of the maxilla and mandible. OMIs were placed at one maxillary and two mandibular positions: between the maxillary second premolar and first molar, between the mandibular second premolar and first molar, and between the mandibular first and second molars. The OMIs were inserted at angles of 45° and 90° to the buccal surface of the cortical bone. A bite force of 25 kg was applied to the 10 occlusal contact points of the second premolar, first molar, and second molar. The loading directions were 0°, 5°, and 10° to the long axis of the tooth. Results With regard to placement site, the displacement and stress were greatest for the OMI placed between the mandibular first molar and second molar, and smallest for the OMI placed between the maxillary second premolar and first molar. In the mandibular molar region, the angled OMI showed slightly less displacement than the OMI placed at 90°. The maximum Von Mises stress increased with the inclination of the loading direction. Conclusions These results suggest that placement of OMIs between the second premolar and first molar at 45° to the cortical bone reduces the effect of bite force on OMIs. PMID:24228236

  10. Error analysis of a CAD/CAM method for unidirectional mandibular distraction osteogenesis in the treatment of hemifacial microsomia.

    PubMed

    Sun, Hao; Li, Biao; Zhao, Zeliang; Zhang, Lei; Shen, Steve G F; Wang, Xudong

    2013-12-01

    Our aim was to investigate the errors in a computer-aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM) method of unidirectional mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Six patients with hemifacial microsomia were selected, and studied on computed tomographic (CT) scans taken at 3 time intervals: preoperatively, at the end of the latent period, and at the end of consolidation. The plan for mandibular distraction osteogeneisis was designed using CT-based 3-dimensional visible software. The osteotomy line and site of the drill were transferred to a rapid prototyping surgical guide. The osteotomy of the mandible and implantation of the distraction device were completed under guidance. The accuracy of the transferred surgical plan was confirmed by fusion of images after the latency period. The 3-dimensional superimposition of the preoperative simulation, and the postoperative actual models at the end of consolidation, showed that the mean (SD) error between the actual and the predicted height of the ramus was 0.6 (0.6) mm. The error between the actual and predicted intercondylar distance was 8.1 (2.1) mm. There was a significant difference in intercondylar distance between the simulated and actual groups (p=0.00024). The 3-dimensional CT-based planning system described in this paper was transferred precisely from the virtual plan to the real-time operation. The planning system also gave a precise prediction of the height of the ramus after mandibular distraction osteogenesis. However, because of the pull of the lateral pterygoid muscle and pseudarthrosis, the intercondylar distance decreased compared with the predicted value. These influencing factors should be considered when the planning system is refined. PMID:23583007

  11. Trigeminocardiac Reflex by Mandibular Extension on Rat Pial Microcirculation: Role of Nitric Oxide

    PubMed Central

    Lapi, Dominga; Federighi, Giuseppe; Fantozzi, M. Paola; del Seppia, Cristina; Ghione, Sergio; Colantuoni, Antonio; Scuri, Rossana

    2014-01-01

    In the present study we have extended our previous findings about the effects of 10 minutes of passive mandibular extension in anesthetized Wistar rats. By prolonging the observation time to 3 hours, we showed that 10 minutes mandibular extension caused a significant reduction of the mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate respect to baseline values, which persisted up to 160 minutes after mandibular extension. These effects were accompanied by a characteristic biphasic response of pial arterioles: during mandibular extension, pial arterioles constricted and after mandibular extension dilated for the whole observation period. Interestingly, the administration of the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone abolished the vasoconstriction observed during mandibular extension, while the administration of N?-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, abolished the vasodilation observed after mandibular extension. Either drug did not affect the reduction of mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate induced by mandibular extension. By qRT-PCR, we also showed that neuronal nitric oxide synthase gene expression was significantly increased compared with baseline conditions during and after mandibular extension and endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene expression markedly increased at 2 hours after mandibular extension. Finally, western blotting detected a significant increase in neuronal and endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein expression. In conclusion mandibular extension caused complex effects on pial microcirculation involving opioid receptor activation and nitric oxide release by both neurons and endothelial vascular cells at different times. PMID:25551566

  12. Trigeminocardiac reflex by mandibular extension on rat pial microcirculation: role of nitric oxide.

    PubMed

    Lapi, Dominga; Federighi, Giuseppe; Fantozzi, M Paola; Del Seppia, Cristina; Ghione, Sergio; Colantuoni, Antonio; Scuri, Rossana

    2014-01-01

    In the present study we have extended our previous findings about the effects of 10 minutes of passive mandibular extension in anesthetized Wistar rats. By prolonging the observation time to 3 hours, we showed that 10 minutes mandibular extension caused a significant reduction of the mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate respect to baseline values, which persisted up to 160 minutes after mandibular extension. These effects were accompanied by a characteristic biphasic response of pial arterioles: during mandibular extension, pial arterioles constricted and after mandibular extension dilated for the whole observation period. Interestingly, the administration of the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone abolished the vasoconstriction observed during mandibular extension, while the administration of N?-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, abolished the vasodilation observed after mandibular extension. Either drug did not affect the reduction of mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate induced by mandibular extension. By qRT-PCR, we also showed that neuronal nitric oxide synthase gene expression was significantly increased compared with baseline conditions during and after mandibular extension and endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene expression markedly increased at 2 hours after mandibular extension. Finally, western blotting detected a significant increase in neuronal and endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein expression. In conclusion mandibular extension caused complex effects on pial microcirculation involving opioid receptor activation and nitric oxide release by both neurons and endothelial vascular cells at different times. PMID:25551566

  13. Factors contributing to mandibular anterior crowding in the early mixed dentition.

    PubMed

    Sayin, M Ozgür; Türkkahraman, Hakan

    2004-12-01

    The aim of this study was to uncover the possible factors contributing to mandibular anterior crowding in the early mixed dentition. Mandibular dental casts of 60 children in the early mixed dentition were divided into two groups according to the severity of mandibular anterior crowding. The space available for the mandibular permanent incisors, total incisor width, deciduous intercanine width, deciduous intermolar widths, permanent intermolar width, interalveolar width, and total arch length were compared between the crowded group (CG) and noncrowded group (NCG), and correlations with crowding were investigated. The mandibular deciduous intercanine width, mandibular deciduous intermolar widths, mandibular permanent intermolar width, mandibular interalveolar width, space available for the mandibular permanent incisors, and total arch length were significantly larger in the NCG. The total width of the four mandibular incisors did not differ significantly between CG and NCG. Significant inverse correlations were found between crowding and available space, deciduous intercanine width, deciduous intermolar widths, permanent intermolar width, and interalveolar width. Total incisor width was directly correlated with crowding. No significant correlation was found between crowding and total arch length. The results of this study suggested that individual variations play an important role in treatment planning. However, one must not overlook arch length discrepancies and transverse discrepancies in patients with mandibular anterior crowding. PMID:15673136

  14. Canal configuration of mandibular first premolars in an Egyptian population.

    PubMed

    Alhadainy, Hatem A

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate canal configuration of mandibular first premolars in an Egyptian population. Two hundred fifty human extracted mandibular first premolars were collected from Egyptian patients and a small hole in the center of the occlusal surface of each tooth was made perforating the roof of the pulp chamber. Teeth were decalcified by immersing in nitric acid and dehydrated in ascending concentrations of ethyl alcohol. A waterproof black ink was passively injected from the occlusal hole into pulp system and stained teeth were immersed in methyl salicylate solution for clearing. Standardized pictures of the cleared teeth were obtained and anatomical features of the root canal were observed. The average length of the mandibular first premolar teeth was 22.48 ± 1.74 mm, one-rooted teeth were 96.8% and the two-rooted were 3.2%. Vertucci Type I canal configuration represented the highest percentage (61.2%) followed by Type V (16.4%), Type IV (13.2%), Type II (5.6%) and Type III (2.8%). Vertucci Type VI canal configuration represented the lowest percentage (0.4%) and a complex configuration was found in one tooth. Accessory canals were detected in 22.8% and inter-canal connections were observed in 24.8% while 54% showed apical delta. Such knowledge is clinically useful for localization and negotiation of canals of mandibular first premolar, as well as their subsequent management in Egyptian population. PMID:25685409

  15. Fusion of complex odontome with permanent mandibular molar.

    PubMed

    Talari, Bharathi H; Ananda, Divya; Prince, Christo N; Annaporna, Chandrakala S; Pranavadhyani

    2012-08-01

    Odontomas are malformation of the dental tissue, arising during normal tooth development. They are usually asymptomatic, but often associated with tooth eruption disturbance. This article reports a case of complex odontome in a 23-year-male, which hampered the eruption of mandibular right second molar as well devitalization of first molar. PMID:23066237

  16. Epithelial odontogenic ghost cell tumour of the mandibular gingiva

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T Lombardi; R Küffer; R Di Felice; J Samson

    1999-01-01

    The epithelial odontogenic ghost cell tumour (EOGCT) is considered as a solid `neoplastic' variant of the calcifying odontogenic cyst and is an uncommon lesion for which various names have been proposed over the years. We describe here an extraosseous case occurring on the edentulous mandibular gingiva in the right bicuspid area of a 70-year-old woman. The lesion was a painless

  17. Management of mandibular fracture in a medically compromised pediatric patient.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Hemant; Pradhan, R; Sinha, V P; Gupta, Sumit; Mehra, Hemant; Singh, Abhijit

    2010-07-01

    Maxillofacial injuries in pediatric population warrant special attention because of anatomic considerations, potential for growth disturbances and rapidity of healing. We report a case of displaced mandibular fracture in a child who tested positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) and, therefore, was managed conservatively by closed reduction stabilized with acrylic dental splints fabricated on reduced dental models. PMID:22442585

  18. An Epidemiological Study on Pattern and Incidence of Mandibular Fractures

    PubMed Central

    Natu, Subodh S.; Pradhan, Harsha; Gupta, Hemant; Alam, Sarwar; Gupta, Sumit; Pradhan, R.; Mohammad, Shadab; Kohli, Munish; Sinha, Vijai P.; Shankar, Ravi; Agarwal, Anshita

    2012-01-01

    Mandible is the second most common facial fracture. There has been a significant increase in the number of cases in recent years with the advent of fast moving automobiles. Mandibular fractures constitute a substantial proportion of maxillofacial trauma cases in Lucknow. This study was undertaken to study mandibular fractures clinicoradiologically with an aim to calculate incidence and study pattern and the commonest site of fractures in population in and around Lucknow. Patient presenting with history of trauma at various centers of maxillofacial surgery in and around Lucknow were included in this study. Detailed case history was recorded followed by thorough clinical examination, and radiological interpretation was done for establishing the diagnosis and the data obtained was analyzed statistically. Out of 66 patients with mandibular fractures, highest percentage was found in 21–30 years of age with male predominance. Road traffic accidents were the most common cause of fracture with parasymphysis being commonest site. Commonest combination was parasymphysis with subcondyle. There was no gender bias in etiology with number of fracture sites. The incidence and causes of mandibular fracture reflect trauma patterns within the community and can provide a guide to the design of programs geared toward prevention and treatment. PMID:23227327

  19. Ultrastructure of the platypus and echidna mandibular glands.

    PubMed

    Krause, W J

    2011-10-01

    The secretory units of the platypus and echidna mandibular glands consist of a single serous cell type. Secretory granules within the cells of the platypus mandibular gland stained intensely with the periodic acid-Schiff staining procedure but failed to stain with Alcian Blue, suggesting the granules contained neutral glycoproteins. Secretory granules within the mandibular glands of the echidna failed to stain with the methods used indicating little if any glycoprotein was associated with the secretory granules. Ultrastructurally, secretory granules of the platypus mandibular gland were electron dense with a central core of less electron-dense material and were membrane bound. In contrast, those of the echidna presented a lamellated appearance and also were limited by a membrane. These secretory granules appeared to form as a result of concentric layering of lamellae within cisternae of the Golgi membranes. The intralobular ductal system of the platypus was more extensively developed than that of the echidna. The striated ducts of both species were characterized by elaborate infoldings of the basolateral plasmalemma and an abundance of associated mitochondria. PMID:21671995

  20. Open versus closed reduction: mandibular condylar fractures in children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to review the literature regarding the evolution of current thoughts on management of mandibular condylar fractures (MCFs) in children. Methods: An electronic search in PubMed was undertaken in May 2012. The titles and abstracts from these results were read to identify studies within the selection criteria. Eligibility criteria included studies published in English

  1. Management of Six Root Canals in Mandibular First Molar

    PubMed Central

    Gomes, Fabio de Almeida; Sousa, Bruno Carvalho

    2015-01-01

    Success in root canal treatment is achieved after thorough cleaning, shaping, and obturation of the root canal system. This clinical case describes conventional root canal treatment of an unusual mandibular first molar with six root canals. The prognosis for endodontic treatment in teeth with abnormal morphology is unfavorable if the clinician fails to recognize extra root canals. PMID:25685156

  2. Refinement in aesthetic contouring of the prominent mandibular angle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Se-Min Baek; Rong-Min Baek; Myoung-Soo Shin

    1994-01-01

    Oriental women, in general, greatly desire a more delicate and feminine facial shape. This can be obtained by contouring the prominent mandibular aangles that give a strong, masculine image. Western authors regarded masseteric muscular hypertrophy the main cause of a square facial appearance, so they usually corrected it by partially excising the masseter muscle. In the authors' view, a square

  3. The application of the Risdon approach for mandibular condyle fractures

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Many novel approaches to mandibular condyle fracture have been reported, but there is a relative lack of reports on the Risdon approach. In this study, the feasibility of the Risdon approach for condylar neck and subcondylar fractures of the mandible is demonstrated. Methods A review of patients with mandibular condylar neck and subcondylar fractures was performed from March 2008 to June 2012. A total of 25 patients, 19 males and 6 females, had 14 condylar neck fractures and 11 subcondylar fractures. Results All of the cases were reduced using the Risdon approach. For subcondylar fractures, reduction and fixation with plates was done under direct vision. For condylar neck fractures, reduction and fixation was done with the aid of a trochar in adults and a percutaneous threaded Kirschner wire in children. There were no malunions or nonunions revealed in follow-up care. Mild transient neuropraxia of the marginal mandibular nerve was seen in 4 patients, which was resolved within 1–2 months. Conclusions The Risdon approach is a technique for reducing the condylar neck and subcondylar fractures that is easy to perform and easy to learn. Its value in the reduction of mandibular condyle fractures should be emphasized. PMID:23829537

  4. Cochlear Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... during an optimal period to develop speech and language skills. A growing body of research, much of it funded by the NIDCD, has shown that when these children receive a cochlear implant ... a young age develop language skills at a rate comparable to children with ...

  5. Genetic Variation in Myosin 1H Contributes to Mandibular Prognathism

    PubMed Central

    Tassopoulou-Fishell, Maria; Deeley, Kathleen; Harvey, Erika M.; Sciote, James; Vieira, Alexandre R.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Several candidate loci have been suggested as influencing mandibular prognathism (1p22.1, 1p22.2, 1p36, 3q26.2, 5p13-p12, 6q25, 11q22.2-q22.3, 12q23, 12q13.13, and 19p13.2). The goal of this study was to replicate these results in a well-characterized homogeneous sample set. Methods Thirty-three single nucleotide polymorphisms spanning all candidate regions were studied in 44 prognathic and 35 Class I subjects from the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine Dental Registry and DNA Repository. The 44 mandibular prognathism subjects had an average age of 18.4 years, 31 were females and 13 males, and 24 were White, 15 African American, two Hispanic, and three Asian. The 35 Class I subjects had an average age of 17.6 years, 27 were females and 9 males, and 27 were White, six African Americans, one Hispanic, and two Asian. Skeletal mandibular prognathism diagnosis included cephalometric values indicative of Class III such as ANB smaller than two degrees, negative Witts appraisal, and positive A–B plane. Additional mandibular prognathism criteria included negative OJ and visually prognathic (concave) profile as determined by the subject's clinical evaluation. Orthognathic subjects without jaw deformations were used as a comparison group. Mandibular prognathism and orthognathic subjects were matched based on race, sex and age. Genetic markers were tested by polymerase chain reaction using TaqMan chemistry. Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used to determine overrepresentation of marker allele with alpha of 0.05. Results An association was unveiled between a marker in MYO1H (rs10850110) and the mandibular prognathism phenotype (p=0.03). MYO1H is a Class-I myosin that is in a different protein group than the myosin isoforms of muscle sarcomeres, which are the basis of skeletal muscle fiber typing. Class I myosins are necessary for cell motility, phagocytosis and vesicle transport. Conclusions More strict clinical definitions may increase homogeneity and aid the studies of genetic susceptibility to malocclusions. We provide evidence that MYO1H may contribute to mandibular prognathism. PMID:22196185

  6. Microbiologic characterization of ligature-induced peri-implantitis in the microswine model.

    PubMed

    Hickey, J S; O'Neal, R B; Scheidt, M J; Strong, S L; Turgeon, D; Van Dyke, T E

    1991-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microbiologic changes associated with induction of peri-implantitis in the microswine. A split-mouth design was utilized. Three implants were placed in the edentulous mandibular bicuspid region of 2 microswine yielding 12 implants for evaluation. The experimental implant abutments were ligated with 4-0 silk suture material to induce peri-implantitis for a period of 45 days. The control implant abutments were not ligated. The control implants were scaled and cleaned at each time interval using plastic scalers. The attachment level (AL), probing depth (PD), gingival index (GI), and plaque index (PI) were measured at day 0 (baseline) and days 14 and 45. Microbiologic samples were taken from the "sulcus" with paper points at each interval and were dispersed in prereduced media; plated on selective and non-selective media; and grown under aerobic, anaerobic, and capnophilic atmospheres. A greater AL, increased PD, and higher GI and PI scores were noted among the experimental implants. The controls remained essentially unchanged. Radiographs revealed that experimental implants showed an increased amount of bone loss when compared to control. Bone loss caused the implant threads to be exposed in the experimental implants. Microbiologic studies revealed that there was a shift from Gram-positive facultative organisms to Gram-negative obligate anaerobes, including black pigmented Bacteroides, in experimental implants. The microbiota of the control implants remained primarily Gram-positive facultative organisms. The microswine appears to be a suitable animal model for evaluation of osseointegrated implants. Importantly, under the experimental conditions reported, osseointegrated implants were susceptible to "periodontal" breakdown or peri-implantitis. PMID:1941494

  7. Histologic and microradiographic evaluation of textured and nontextured aluminum oxide dental implants.

    PubMed

    Cook, S D; Anderson, R C; Lavernia, C J

    This paper reports the histological and microradiographical observations of macroscopically textured and nontextured aluminum oxide dental implants. Ion beam bombardment was used to produce a wafflelike pattern of surface undulations approximately 35 microns deep. Twelve nontextured and eight textured implants were placed in the healed extraction sites of the second and forth mandibular premolars of adult mongrel dogs. Eight nontextured and five textured implants remained in situ for six months. Results consistent with previously reported clinical and radiographic findings, indicated a decreased incidence of an interposed fibrous tissue-implant interface associated with the textured implants. Texturing was not found to influence the amount of vertical bone loss. Secondarily, delayed tissue fixation due to post-retrieval mechanical testing procedures resulted in loss of valuable cellular information. PMID:6679797

  8. Comparative analysis between direct Conventional Mandibular nerve block and Vazirani-Akinosi closed mouth Mandibular nerve block technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mishra, Sobhan; Tripathy, Ramanupam; Sabhlok, Samrat; Panda, Pankaj Kumar; Patnaik, Satyabrata

    2012-11-01

    Introduction: Over the years different techniques have been developed for achieving mandibular nerve anaesthesia. The main aim of our study was to carry out comparison and clinical efficacy of mandibular nerve anaesthesia by Direct Conventional technique with that of Vazirani-Akinosi mandibular nerve block technique.Materials and Methods: 50 adult patients requiring surgical extraction of premolars, mandibular first, second and third molars were selected randomly to receive Direct Conventional technique and Vazirani- Akinosi technique for nerve block alternatively.Results: No statistically significant differences were observed regarding complete lip anaesthesia at 5 minutes and 10 minutes, nerves anaesthetized with single injection, effectiveness of anaesthesia, supplementary injections and complications in both the techniques. However, onset of lip anaesthesia was found to be faster in Vazirani-Akinosi technique, patients experienced less pain during the Vazirani-Akinosi technique as compared to the Direct Conventional technique. Post injection complication complications were less in the VaziraniAkinosi Technique.Conclusions: Except for faster onset of lip anaesthesia, less pain during injection and fewer post injection complications in Vazirani-Akinosi technique all other parameters were of same efficacy as Direct Conventional technique. This has strong clinical applications as in cases with limited mouth opening, apprehensive patients Vazirani-Akinosi technique is the indicated technique of choice.

  9. Panoramic radiographs do not accurately detect curvature of or close association with the mandibular canal of mandibular third molar roots

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Thomas Deahl

    2003-01-01

    Original ArticleBell GW, Rodgers JM, Grime RJ, Edwards KL, Hahn MR, Dorman ML, et al. The accuracy of dental panoramic tomographs in determining the root morphology of mandibular third molar teeth before surgery. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2003;95(1):119–25.

  10. Implant Chips

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schroeder, Ted.

    2002-01-01

    A group of eight people, including all members of one Florida family, had an implant chip, roughly the size of a grain of rice, injected under their skin on Friday, May 10. Manufactured by Applied Digital Solutions (ADS), the chips store a special identification number that enables the retrieval of personal and medical information. In the event of a medical emergency, a special handheld scanner activates the dormant digital implant, which provides identification data with which medical personnel can query ADS's database, the location of the patient's medical records. Alzheimer's patients seem to be the most promising market for this technology, even though other people, like the Florida family, hope to benefit from it as well. Another product that ADS offers is called Digital Angel, a wearable global positioning system (GPS) device that, among other things, can track in real time the wearer's physical movements. In the future, ADS is planning to release a product that will utilize both of these technologies: an implanted GPS-enabled chip. Unlike VeriChip, though, the GPS-enabled implant would require Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval, meaning the US market won't see its introduction until after FDA testing. Many organizations, ranging from privacy advocates to religious groups, have already denounced VeriChip and its eventually successors, associated them with "Big Brother" and the biblical "Mark of the Beast."To read about the eight people that received their implants, look at the first and second sites, articles from the Los Angeles Times and Miami Herald respectively. For a non-US perspective, view the news story posted by the British Broadcasting Company (BBC). The fourth site, an extensive analysis of the subject from ABC News, should give readers a broader understanding of implanted chips and their potential uses. Two sites from ADS are next -- VeriChip's product pages and the press release that details a FDA's decision regarding VeriChip in April, 2002. Finally, the last two sites give more information on Digital Angel and a sample of GPS technology already in use.

  11. Dissolution behavior and early bone apposition of calcium phosphate-coated machined implants

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Ji-Wan; Lee, Eun-Ung; Lee, Jung-Seok; Jung, Ui-Won; Lee, In-Seop

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Calcium phosphate (CaP)-coated implants promote osseointegration and survival rate. The aim of this study was to (1) analyze the dissolution behavior of the residual CaP particles of removed implants and (2) evaluate bone apposition of CaP-coated machined surface implants at the early healing phase. Methods Mandibular premolars were extracted from five dogs. After eight weeks, the implants were placed according to drilling protocols: a nonmobile implant (NI) group and rotational implant (RI) group. For CaP dissolution behavior analysis, 8 implants were removed after 0, 1, 2, and 4 weeks. The surface morphology and deposition of the coatings were observed. For bone apposition analysis, block sections were obtained after 1-, 2-, and 4-week healing periods and the specimens were analyzed. Results Calcium and phosphorus were detected in the implants that were removed immediately after insertion, and the other implants were composed mainly of titanium. There were no notable differences between the NI and RI groups in terms of the healing process. The bone-to-implant contact and bone density in the RI group showed a remarkable increase after 2 weeks of healing. Conclusions It can be speculated that the CaP coating dissolves early in the healing phase and chemically induces early bone formation regardless of the primary stability. PMID:24455442

  12. Osseointegrated dental implants in growing children: a literature review.

    PubMed

    Mankani, Nivedita; Chowdhary, Ramesh; Patil, Brijesh A; Nagaraj, E; Madalli, Poornima

    2014-10-01

    Edentulism is usually associated with the aging patient. However, total or partial tooth loss also affects young individuals, mainly as a result of trauma, decay, anodontia, or congenital and acquired jaw defects involving the alveolar processes. For elderly patients, the use of oral implants has become an accepted treatment modality for edentulism, and most of today's knowledge regarding implants is based on such practice. There has been hesitation to perform implant therapy for growing children; hence, few children to date have been provided with implant-supported construction. Consequently, little is known about the outcome of the osseointegration procedure in young patients, and until now, only a limited number of case presentations have been reported. This article reviews the current literature to discuss the use of dental implants in growing patients and the influence of maxillary and mandibular skeletal and dental growth on the stability of those implants. The literature review was performed through Science Direct, Wileys Blackwell Synergy, PubMed, Google, Embase, Medknow publications, and Springer for references published from 1963 to 2011. It is recommended to wait for the completion of dental and skeletal growth, except for severe cases of ectodermal dysplasia. PMID:22214484

  13. DETERMINATION OF YOUNG'S MODULUS OF MANDIBULAR BONE USING INVERSE ANALYSIS

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    (2010) Pages 630-637" DOI : 10.1016/j.medengphy.2010.03.009 #12;2 1 Introduction Dental implants for the simulation of biomechanical systems and dental implants (Chuong et al., 2005; Savoldelli et al., 2008 of both the mandible and implants. Numerous studies have been conducted on the mechanical behaviour

  14. Tyrosine-derived polycarbonate membrane in treating mandibular bone defects. An experimental study.

    PubMed

    Asikainen, Antti J; Noponen, Jukka; Lindqvist, Christian; Pelto, Mika; Kellomäki, Minna; Juuti, Hanne; Pihlajamäki, Harri; Suuronen, Riitta

    2006-10-22

    This study was designed to evaluate the suitability of a novel bioabsorbable material in treating bone defects. A poly(desaminotyrosyl-tyrosine-ethyl ester carbonate) (PDTE carbonate) membrane (thickness 0.2-0.3 mm) was implanted into the mandibular angle of 20 New Zealand White rabbits to cover a through-and-through defect (12 x 6 mm). In group 1, the defects were left unfilled but covered with membrane and in group 2 the defects were filled with bioactive glass mesh and covered with membrane, too. Controls were left uncovered and unfilled. The animals were followed for 6, 12, 24 and 52 weeks, respectively. The material was evaluated by qualitative analysis of histological reactions and newly formed bone. We found that PDTE carbonate elicited a modest foreign body reaction in the tissues, which was uniform throughout the study. New bone formation was seen in all samples after six weeks. Group 1 had more new bone formation until 24 weeks and after this the difference settled. Based on findings of this study it was concluded that PDTE carbonate membranes have good biocompatibility and are sufficient to enhance bone growth without additional supportive matrix. PMID:16971331

  15. Tyrosine-derived polycarbonate membrane in treating mandibular bone defects. An experimental study

    PubMed Central

    Asikainen, Antti J; Noponen, Jukka; Lindqvist, Christian; Pelto, Mika; Kellomäki, Minna; Juuti, Hanne; Pihlajamäki, Harri; Suuronen, Riitta

    2006-01-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the suitability of a novel bioabsorbable material in treating bone defects. A poly(desaminotyrosyl-tyrosine-ethyl ester carbonate) (PDTE carbonate) membrane (thickness 0.2–0.3?mm) was implanted into the mandibular angle of 20 New Zealand White rabbits to cover a through-and-through defect (12×6?mm). In group 1, the defects were left unfilled but covered with membrane and in group 2 the defects were filled with bioactive glass mesh and covered with membrane, too. Controls were left uncovered and unfilled. The animals were followed for 6, 12, 24 and 52 weeks, respectively. The material was evaluated by qualitative analysis of histological reactions and newly formed bone. We found that PDTE carbonate elicited a modest foreign body reaction in the tissues, which was uniform throughout the study. New bone formation was seen in all samples after six weeks. Group 1 had more new bone formation until 24 weeks and after this the difference settled. Based on findings of this study it was concluded that PDTE carbonate membranes have good biocompatibility and are sufficient to enhance bone growth without additional supportive matrix. PMID:16971331

  16. Severe skeletal Class III malocclusion treated with 2-stage orthognathic surgery with a mandibular step osteotomy.

    PubMed

    Choi, Sung-Hwan; Kang, Da-Young; Kim, Young-Hoon; Hwang, Chung-Ju

    2014-04-01

    To reduce a large amount of mandibular setback and to prevent pharyngeal airway space narrowing when correcting a severe anteroposterior skeletal discrepancy, a mandibular step osteotomy is often combined with 2-stage orthognathic surgery. This case report describes a successful 2-stage orthognathic treatment combined with a mandibular step osteotomy. A 20-year-old man had severe mandibular protrusion, facial asymmetry, and macroglossia. Phase 1 surgery included the mandibular step osteotomy and a partial glossectomy; then we performed phase 2 surgery with a 2-piece LeFort I segmental osteotomy and a bilateral intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy to correct the patient's mandibular protrusion and facial asymmetry. The total treatment period was 30 months, and the final result was improvement of the patient's facial appearance. PMID:24680021

  17. Management of pediatric mandibular fracture: a case series.

    PubMed

    Agarwal, Ravi M; Yeluri, Ramakrishna; Singh, Chanchal; Chaudhry, Kalpna; Munshi, Autar K

    2014-09-01

    A pediatric mandibular fracture can cause a child severe pain and the parent or caregiver extreme worry. While the pattern of fractures and associated injuries in children is similar to adults, the incidence is low. Due to a number of factors, including the anatomical complexity of the developing mandible in a child, management of such fractures differs from that of adults and can greatly challenge the pediatric dentist. Various treatment modalities of managing mandibular fracture are available, such as closed/open cap splint with circummandibular wiring, arch-bar fixation, and cementation of the cap splint. This article reviews 19 cases in the management of pediatric facial fracture using varied treatment methods. PMID:25199030

  18. Transalveolar repositioning of an impacted immature permanent mandibular canine.

    PubMed

    Ozdemir-Ozenen, Didem; Guler, Nurhan; Sungurtekin-Ekci, Elif; Sandalli, Nuket

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this case report is to discuss the four-year follow-up of a transalveolar transplantation of an impacted immature permanent mandibular left canine. A nine year-old-boy was referred to the dental school because of a mandibular swelling associated with the impacted canine. Under local anesthesia, the tooth was extracted and transplanted in its own space, followed by a two-week orthodontic fixation. The radiographic examination two months later revealed the presence of external inflammatory root resorption, which was treated with an apexification. The overall status of the transplanted tooth and the surrounding hard and soft tissues four years post-treatment indicates a successful outcome. PMID:25514261

  19. The Gow-Gates Technique for Mandibular Block Anesthesia

    PubMed Central

    Kafalias, Michael C.; Gow-Gates, George A.E.; Saliba, Gary J.

    1987-01-01

    Reliable profound mandibular block anesthesia is questionable when depositing the anesthetic solution at the lingula. Complications can occur and the needle may impact a number of important anatomical structures by deep penetration. The Gow-Gates technique for mandibular anesthesia obviates these problems. In this paper the Gow-Gates technique is reinterpreted using a geometrical approach based on lines and planes and is proved mathematically. In so doing a simple yet concise method of reaching the injection site is presented with a definite relationship between the anatomical pathway of the needle and a formal geometrical and mathematical pattern. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6Figure 7 PMID:3481514

  20. Experimental forward mandibular displacement in sheep.

    PubMed

    Ma, Bingkui; Sampson, Wayne; Fazzalari, Nicola; Wilson, David; Wiebkin, Ole

    2002-01-01

    In order to investigate growth modifications of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) during dentofacial orthopaedic treatment, specific functional appliances have been used experimentally to prompt the mandible into a protrusive position in various animal models. The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a functional appliance specially designed for sheep and to evaluate the sheep as a model for dentofacial orthopaedic research. Eight, 4-month-old, castrated male Merino sheep were randomly assigned to experimental or control groups, with four in each group. Cast functional appliances were fabricated for the animals in the experimental group. The treatment period was 15 weeks. Dental casts, endosseous implant markers and cephalograms were used to analyse the displacement of the mandible. Undemineralised sagittal sections of TMJ were used to evaluate the tissue responses induced by the appliances. The weight of the animals was measured monthly to monitor their growth. The growth of the metacarpus was also measured. During the experimental period, the animals maintained their weight within the normal range and grew normally. The appliance displaced the mandible to a downward and forward position. The adaptive responses in the TMJ induced by the appliances included changed anteroposterior shape of the condylar process, anteriorly thickened condylar cartilage, and a thickened compact bone layer along the anterior surface of the posterior wall of the glenoid fossa. The sheep coped well with the experimental procedures and the appliance used was demonstrably effective in inducing adaptive responses in the TMJ. Consequently, it is believed that the sheep is an appropriate animal model to study growth modifications in the TMJ region. PMID:11743935

  1. Five Canalled and Three-Rooted Primary Second Mandibular Molar

    PubMed Central

    Selvakumar, Haridoss; Kavitha, Swaminathan; Bharathan, Rajendran; Varghese, Jacob Sam

    2014-01-01

    A thorough knowledge of root canal anatomy and its variation is necessary for successful completion of root canal procedures. Morphological variations such as additional root canals in human deciduous dentition are rare. A mandibular second primary molar with more than four canals is an interesting example of anatomic variations, especially when three of these canals are located in the distal root. This case shows a rare anatomic configuration and points out the importance of looking for additional canals. PMID:25147744

  2. Articaine Infiltration for Anesthesia of Mandibular First Molars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian P. Corbett; Mohammad D. Kanaa; John M. Whitworth; John G. Meechan

    A randomized, controlled trial of 31 healthy volunteers compared 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine buccal infiltration to buccal plus lingual infiltration of the same dose of drug in achieving pulpal anesthesia of mandibular first molar teeth. Data were compared with efficacy of an inferior alveolar nerve block using 2% lidocaine 1:80,000 epinephrine in a cohort of 27 of the volunteers.

  3. Densitometric Control of Retinal Vascular Reactions after Mandibular Nerve Anesthesia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. J. Goder; M. Nitzschke; K. H. Ungethum

    1982-01-01

    In a group of 44 patients, fundus photographs were taken before and after mandibular nerve anesthesia and examined by densitometry. These patients were divided into subgroups receiving 4 cm3 of Xylocitin 2% alone or in combination with 0.005% norepinephrine, or 0.00125 or 0.002% epinephrine. In the presence of epinephrine, the retinal arterioles reacted with a temporary age-dependent narrowing. A placebo

  4. Resolving mandibular arch discrepancy through utilization of leeway space.

    PubMed

    Vyas, Matrishva B; Hantodkar, Navin

    2011-04-01

    Space management through utilization of leeway space represents one of the most critical aspects of interceptive orthodontic treatment in mixed dentition based on its potential to prevent crowding in the permanent dentition. Lingual arch is the most frequently used space maintaining device for preserving leeway. Case reports of patients in whom potential space discrepancy in mandibular arch was managed through preservation and utilization of leeway space are presented. PMID:21957388

  5. Extrusion of impacted mandibular second molar using removable appliance

    PubMed Central

    Karthikeyan, M. K.; Prabhakar, Ramachandran; Saravanan, R.; Vikram, N. Raj; Kumar, R. Vinoth; Prasath, R. Eshwara

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to review the principles of case management of impacted mandibular molars and to illustrate their potential to respond well to treatment. Although the scope of treatment may be influenced by the patient's age, past dental history, severity of impaction, dentoalveolar development, and root form, the case reports demonstrate the inherent potential for good treatment outcome even in the most unfavorable circumstances. PMID:25210378

  6. Honeybee response to queen mandibular pheromone in laboratory bioassays

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lori-Ann Kaminski; Keith N. Slessor; Mark L. Winston; Nairn W. Hay; John H. Borden

    1990-01-01

    Quantitative laboratory biosassays measuring short-range attraction of worker honeybees to pheromone-treated pipets or glass pseudo-queens are described. Each replicate involves only 15 workers, allowing a single colony to provide sufficient individuals for a complete study as well as for between-colony comparisons. The more sensitive pseudo-queen bioassay provides a measurable response at levels of queen mandibular extract of 10-7 than that

  7. [Comparative evaluation of retention loss in four types of attachments used on overdentures in function of time of use].

    PubMed

    Bonachela, Wellington Cardoso; Pedreira, Ana Paula Ribeiro do Vale; Marins, Luciana; Pereira, Tatiana

    2003-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the retentive capacity between two O-ring and O-SO system (Group I), and two ERA system types - white and gray retention caps - (Group II), respectively, in simulated function in database, 6 months, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years later, with insertion and removal cycles. Two Brånemark implants were fixed in two trapezoidal metallic bases for the tests. Removal and insertion tests were done in a sewing machine, adjusted for this purpose using a belt and a pulley system, moving a steel crankshaft. A delineator platinum hold was used for body trial fixation to the metallic base of the sewing machine. Resistance test to axial movement of the caps by tension was done in a Universal test machine in an established period of time, before and after the cycle accomplishments in the adapted sewing machine. Based on the results, this study concludes that all the attachment systems tested showed retention loss during the experiment; the ERA system showed, since the beginning, higher retention compared to the other systems and the gray colored attachment showed the best result in the end of the simulated use test. PMID:21409339

  8. A Correlational Study of Scoliosis and Trunk Balance in Adult Patients with Mandibular Deviation

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Yang; Wang, Na; Wang, Wenyong; Ding, Yin; Sun, Shiyao

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies have confirmed that patients with mandibular deviation often have abnormal morphology of their cervical vertebrae. However, the relationship between mandibular deviation, scoliosis, and trunk balance has not been studied. Currently, mandibular deviation is usually treated as a single pathology, which leads to poor clinical efficiency. We investigated the relationship of spine coronal morphology and trunk balance in adult patients with mandibular deviation, and compared the finding to those in healthy volunteers. 35 adult patients with skeletal mandibular deviation and 10 healthy volunteers underwent anterior X-ray films of the head and posteroanterior X-ray films of the spine. Landmarks and lines were drawn and measured on these films. The axis distance method was used to measure the degree of scoliosis and the balance angle method was used to measure trunk balance. The relationship of mandibular deviation, spine coronal morphology and trunk balance was evaluated with the Pearson correlation method. The spine coronal morphology of patients with mandibular deviation demonstrated an “S” type curve, while a straight line parallel with the gravity line was found in the control group (significant difference, p<0.01). The trunk balance of patients with mandibular deviation was disturbed (imbalance angle >1°), while the control group had a normal trunk balance (imbalance angle <1°). There was a significant difference between the two groups (p<0.01). The degree of scoliosis and shoulder imbalance correlated with the degree of mandibular deviation, and presented a linear trend. The direction of mandibular deviation was the same as that of the lateral bending of thoracolumbar vertebrae, which was opposite to the direction of lateral bending of cervical vertebrae. Our study shows the degree of mandibular deviation has a high correlation with the degree of scoliosis and trunk imbalance, all the three deformities should be clinically evaluated in the management of mandibular deviation. PMID:23555836

  9. Physiologic drift of the mandibular dentition following first premolar extractions.

    PubMed

    Papandreas, S G; Buschang, P H; Alexander, R G; Kennedy, D B; Koyama, I

    1993-01-01

    A retrospective study of two groups of patients was conducted to evaluate the physiologic drift, or "driftodontics", of the mandibular teeth following the extraction of four first premolars. Group 1 included 32 patients who underwent early extraction in the mixed dentition stage at a mean age of 10.4 years; they were followed for approximately 2.5 years postextraction. Group 2 included 20 patients whose premolars were extracted after the permanent dentition had fully erupted. Their mean age at the time of extraction was 14.2 years, followed by a 0.8 year observation period. Except for the extractions, no other mandibular therapy was rendered. The results show no differences in rates of molar movements between groups. The molar apex moved mesially approximately 0.6 mm/yr; the molar cusp moved mesially approximately 1.2 mm/yr. In contrast, there were marked group differences in movements of the mandibular incisors and canines; rates of change were significantly greater in Group 2 than in Group 1. The canines drifted laterally and distally into the extraction sites while the incisors became more upright over basal bone and less crowded. Incisor irregularity decreased 1.3 mm/yr in Group 1 and 5.5 mm/yr in Group 2. The group differences in amounts of tooth movement were accounted for by changes in incisor crowding. PMID:8498700

  10. Effects of lower primary canine extraction on the mandibular dentition.

    PubMed

    Sayin, M Ozgür; Türkkahraman, Hakan

    2006-01-01

    It has been reported that extraction of primary canines causes a slight mesial drift of the buccal segments, lingual positioning of the incisors, a decrease in arch length, deepening of the bite, and a slight overall crowding in the arch. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of early mandibular primary canine extraction on permanent incisor and first molar positions, dental and alveolar arch widths, and arch length. Thirty-two patients in the early mixed dentition stage were evaluated. The treatment group (TG) included 16 patients (11 girls, five boys) who had more than 1.6 mm of crowding. Mandibular primary canines were extracted bilaterally in these patients. Another 16 patients (11 girls, five boys) who had less than 1.6 mm of crowding served as controls (CG). Mandibular dental casts and lateral cephalograms of the patients were obtained at the start (T0) and at the recall (T1) period of the trial. At the end of the one-year observation period after removal of lower primary canines, the lower incisors retruded more in the TG as compared with the CG. However, changes in arch length, arch width, and alveolar width were similar between the groups. PMID:16448266

  11. Prototyped grafting plate for reconstruction of mandibular defects.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Libin; Wang, Peilin; Han, Haolun; Li, Baowei; Wang, Hongnan; Wang, Gang; Zhao, Jinlong; Liu, Yanpu; Wu, Wei

    2014-12-01

    To esthetically and functionally restore a 40-mm canine mandibular discontinuity defect using a custom-made titanium bone-grafting plate in combination with autologous iliac bone grafts. Individualized titanium bone-grafting plates were manufactured using a series of techniques, including reverse engineering, computer aided design, rapid prototyping and titanium casting. A 40-mm discontinuous defect in the right mandibular body was created in 9 hybrid dogs. The defect was restored immediately using the customized plate in combination with autologous cancellous iliac blocks. Sequential radionuclide bone imaging was performed to evaluate the bone metabolism and reconstitution of the grafts. The specimens were evaluated by biomechanical testing, 3-dimensional microcomputed tomographic scanning, and histological examination. The results revealed that the symmetry of the mandibles was reconstructed using the customized grafting plate, and the bony continuity of the mandibles was restored. By 12 weeks after the operation, the cancellous iliac grafts became a hard bone block, which was of comparable strength to native mandibles. A fibrous tissue intermediate was found between the remodelled bone graft and the titanium plate. The results indicate that the prototyped grafting plate can be used to restore mandibular discontinuous defects, and satisfactory aesthetical and functional reconstruction can be achieved. PMID:25008032

  12. Accuracy of perioperative mandibular positions in orthognathic surgery.

    PubMed

    Borba, A M; Ribeiro-Junior, O; Brozoski, M A; Cé, P S; Espinosa, M M; Deboni, M C Z; Miloro, M; Naclério-Homem, M G

    2014-08-01

    Mandibular position is an important parameter used for the diagnosis of dentofacial deformities, as well as for orthognathic surgery planning and execution. Centric relation (anterior and superior relationship of the mandibular condyles interposed by the thinnest portion of their disks against the articular eminencies), centric occlusion (when lower teeth contact upper teeth at centric relation), and maximal intercuspation (complete interdigitation of lower and upper teeth) are not often addressed as factors that influence the results of orthognathic surgery, although these relationships are critical to ensure accuracy during the surgery. The present study assessed occlusal measurements taken before and after the induction of general anaesthesia from consecutive orthognathic surgery subjects. The variables assessed included the differences between these occlusal measurements, patient age, gender, type of deformity, and type of proposed orthognathic surgical procedure. The results demonstrated statistically significant differences for mandibular retrusion from maximal intercuspation to centric occlusion position, whereas the mandible appeared not to change significantly from centric occlusion after the induction of general anaesthesia. Patient age and the type of deformity appeared to influence the results. While in most instances centric occlusion can be adequately reproduced under general anaesthesia, for some specific orthognathic cases more accurate results might be obtained if the mandible-first sequence is used. PMID:24880211

  13. Evaluation of mandibular cortical bone thickness for placement of temporary anchorage devices (TADs)

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jung-Hoon

    2012-01-01

    Objective In this study, we measured the cortical bone thickness in the mandibular buccal and lingual areas using computed tomography in order to evaluate the suitability of these areas for application of temporary anchorage devices (TADs) and to suggest a clinical guide for TADs. Methods The buccal and lingual cortical bone thickness was measured in 15 men and 15 women. Bone thickness was measured 4 mm apical to the interdental cementoenamel junction between the mandibular canine and the 2nd molar using the transaxial slices in computed tomography images. Results The cortical bone in the mandibular buccal and lingual areas was thicker in men than in women. In men, the mandibular lingual cortical bone was thicker than the buccal cortical bone, except between the 1st and 2nd molars on both sides. In women, the mandibular lingual cortical bone was thicker in all regions when compared to the buccal cortical bone. The mandibular buccal cortical bone thickness increased from the canine to the molars. The mandibular lingual cortical bone was thickest between the 1st and 2nd premolars, followed by the areas between the canine and 1st premolar, between the 2nd premolar and 1st molar, and between the 1st molar and 2nd molar. Conclusions There is sufficient cortical bone for TAD applications in the mandibular buccal and lingual areas. This provides the basis and guidelines for the clinical use of TADs in the mandibular buccal and lingual areas. PMID:23112941

  14. Mandibular third molar development after mantle radiation in long-term survivors of childhood Hodgkin's disease

    SciTech Connect

    McGinnis, J.P. Jr.; Hopkins, K.P.; Thompson, E.I.; Hustu, H.O.

    1987-05-01

    Sequential panoramic radiographs were assessed for mandibular third molar development in 47 long-term survivors of childhood Hodgkin's disease after treatment with 37 Gy mantle field radiation. To make a comparison, panoramic radiographs of 149 healthy, nonirradiated children were reviewed for the presence of mandibular third molars. In children between the ages of 7 and 12 years, bilateral agenesis of mandibular third molars was more frequent in patients who had been treated with mantle radiation than in nonirradiated patients. Unilateral agenesis, crown hypoplasia, and root growth impairment of mandibular third molars were also found. Similar, apparent, radiation-induced developmental anomalies were noted in maxillary third molars of the irradiated patients.

  15. Relationship between mandibular anterior crowding and lateral dentofacial morphology in the early mixed dentition.

    PubMed

    Türkkahraman, Hakan; Sayin, M Ozgür

    2004-12-01

    Mandibular anterior crowding is identified as the discrepancy between mesiodistal tooth widths of four permanent incisors and available space in the alveolar process. However, incisor crowding is not merely a tooth-arch size discrepancy. Many variables such as direction of mandibular growth, early loss of deciduous molars, the oral and perioral musculature and incisor and molar inclination can be associated with crowding. Only few studies evaluated the relationship between mandibular anterior crowding and cephalometric measurements in the early mixed dentition. It was the aim of this study to search for dentofacial factors that might be associated with mandibular crowding in the early mixed dentition. Lateral cephalograms and dental casts of 60 children (33 girls, 27 boys) were evaluated. It was determined that patients with crowding had smaller lower incisor to NB angles, maxillary skeletal lengths, mandibular skeletal length, and mandibular dental measurements. They also had greater interincisal angles, overjet, overbite, and Wits appraisal measurements. Significant inverse correlations were found between crowding and SNB, lower incisor to NB angle, anterior cranial length, mandibular length, maxillary length, mandibular dental measurement and direct correlations between crowding and interincisal angle, overjet, overbite, and FMIA. According to these results, we conclude that crowding of the mandibular incisors is not only a tooth-arch size discrepancy. Dentofacial characteristics also contribute to this misalignment. PMID:15673137

  16. Surgical Management of Mandibular Central Incisors with Dumbbell Shaped Periapical Lesion: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Venigalla, Bhuvan Shome; Patil, Jayaprakash D.; Jayaprakash, Thumu; Chaitanya, C. H. Krishna; Kalluru, Rama S.

    2014-01-01

    Dental traumatic injuries may affect the teeth and alveolar bone directly or indirectly. Pulpal necrosis and chronic and apical periodontitis with cystic changes are the most common sequelae of the dental traumatic injuries, if the teeth are not treated immediately. This case report focuses on the conventional and surgical management of mandibular central incisors. A twenty-four-year-old male patient presented with pain in the mandibular central incisors. Radiographic examination revealed mandibular central incisors with dumbbell shaped periapical lesion. After root canal treatment, parendodontic surgery was performed for mandibular central incisors. After one-year recall examination, the teeth were asymptomatic and periapical lesion had healed. PMID:25105031

  17. The impact of a modified cutting flute implant design on osseointegration.

    PubMed

    Jimbo, R; Tovar, N; Marin, C; Teixeira, H S; Anchieta, R B; Silveira, L M; Janal, M N; Shibli, J A; Coelho, P G

    2014-07-01

    Information concerning the effects of the implant cutting flute design on initial stability and its influence on osseointegration in vivo is limited. This study evaluated the early effects of implants with a specific cutting flute design placed in the sheep mandible. Forty-eight dental implants with two different macro-geometries (24 with a specific cutting flute design - Blossom group; 24 with a self-tapping design - DT group) were inserted into the mandibular bodies of six sheep; the maximum insertion torque was recorded. Samples were retrieved and processed for histomorphometric analysis after 3 and 6 weeks. The mean insertion torque was lower for Blossom implants (P<0.001). No differences in histomorphometric results were observed between the groups. At 3 weeks, P=0.58 for bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and P=0.52 for bone area fraction occupied (BAFO); at 6 weeks, P=0.55 for BIC and P=0.45 for BAFO. While no histomorphometric differences were observed, ground sections showed different healing patterns between the implants, with better peri-implant bone organization around those with the specific cutting flute design (Blossom group). Implants with the modified cutting flute design had a significantly reduced insertion torque compared to the DT implants with a traditional cutting thread, and resulted in a different healing pattern. PMID:24583140

  18. Mandibular Angle Fractures: Comparison of One Miniplate vs. Two Miniplates

    PubMed Central

    Yazdani, Javad; Taheri Talesh, Kourosh; Kalantar Motamedi, Mohammad Hosein; Khorshidi, Reza; Fekri, Sasan; Hajmohammadi, Saeed

    2013-01-01

    Background Monocortical miniplate fixation is an accepted and reliable method for internal fixation of mandibular angle fractures. Although placement of a second miniplate may theoretically provide more stability; however, the clinical importance of this issue remains controversial. Objectives The present study assessed the postoperative complications and outcomes associated with the fixation of mandibular angle fractures using 1 and 2 miniplates in patients with favorable mandibular angle fractures. Patients and Methods A prospective study of 87 patients (73 males, 14 females) with favorable mandibular angle fractures was done. In the first group, a 4-hole miniplate was placed at the superior border through an intraoral approach. In group 2, patients were treated with 2 miniplates, one placed at the superior border (similar to group 1) and the other on the lateral aspect of the angle at the inferior border through an intraoral and transcutaneous approach using a trocar. Postoperative complications including malocclusion, malunion and sensory disturbances associated with surgery, additional maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) by means of an arch bar and wires for a longer period (for delayed union) and infection were assessed in patients of both groups up to 12 months postoperatively. The data were analyzed using the chi-square test. Results In the single miniplate group, 25 patients showed lip numbness associated with surgery (55.6%), 22 patients required additional use of MMF (48.9%) and 3 patients developed infections (6.7%). In the double miniplate group 20 patients showed lip numbness associated with surgery (47.6%), 18 patients required additional use of MMF (42.9%) and 1 patient developed infection (2.4%). None of the patients in either group showed malocclusion or malunion. No significant difference was observed between the groups regarding overall complication rate. Conclusions In this study, use of one miniplate or two miniplates for treatment of favorable mandibular angle fractures was associated with a similar incidence of complications. Thus, it seems that the use of two miniplates in this setting may not be warranted, nor cost-efficient. PMID:24350144

  19. ImplantsHydroxylapatite coated dental implants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Briggs

    1999-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical effectiveness, common complications and maintenance associated with hydroxylapatite (HA) coated cylindrical implants when used to support single crowns.Design A prospective medium term clinical study of the Calcitek HA-coated implant.Setting Implant placement, crown fabrication and follow-up procedures were carried out at the Leeds Dental Institute, between 1990 and 1998.Subjects and method 26 patients (33 implants) participated

  20. Effects of different mandibular fracture patterns on the stability of miniplate screw fixation in angle mandibular fractures.

    PubMed

    Pektas, Z O; Bayram, B; Balcik, C; Develi, T; Uckan, S

    2012-03-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of horizontally favourable and unfavourable mandibular fracture patterns on the fixation stability of titanium plates and screws by simulating chewing forces. Favourable and unfavourable mandibular fractures on 22 sheep hemimandibles were fixed with 4-hole straight titanium plates and 2.0mm×7mm titanium screws according to the Champy technique. Hemimandibles were mounted with a fixation device in a servohydraulic testing unit for compressive testing. Displacement values under 20, 60, 100, 120, 150, 200N, maximum displacements, and maximum forces the model could resist before breakage were recorded and compared. The authors found no statistically significant differences between the groups for the displacement values in the force range 60-200N (60, 100, 120, 150 and 200N). Statistically significant differences for maximum displacement values (displacement values at the breaking forces) between the groups were found (P<0.05). There was no evidence for the need to apply different treatment modalities to mandibular fractures regardless of whether the factures are favourable or not. PMID:22178275

  1. Endoscopic Removal of a Supernumerary Premolar in the Mandible during a Dental Implant Placement

    PubMed Central

    Beltrán, Víctor; Cantín, Mario; Fuentes, Ramón; Engelke, Wilfried

    2014-01-01

    The surgical removal of supernumerary teeth is necessary in some cases, especially before the commencement of any orthodontic or implant treatment procedure. In the mandibular supernumerary premolar, a more conservative approach is required because of the presence of complications associated with conventional surgery due to the close proximity of the said premolar to the alveolar inferior and mental nerves, and the need for bone conservation for implant placement. The endoscopic surgical approach has been used for the removal of the maxillary supernumerary tooth, impacted third molar, and implants. In this case report, we present an endoscopically assisted surgical technique for the removal of an unerupted supernumerary premolar in the mandible associated with a dental implant placement procedure. PMID:24772355

  2. Biologic stability of plasma ion-implanted miniscrews

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Young-Chae; Cha, Jung-Yul; Hwang, Chung-Ju; Park, Young-Chel; Jung, Han-Sung

    2013-01-01

    Objective To gain basic information regarding the biologic stability of plasma ion-implanted miniscrews and their potential clinical applications. Methods Sixteen plasma ion-implanted and 16 sandblasted and acid-etched (SLA) miniscrews were bilaterally inserted in the mandibles of 4 beagles (2 miniscrews of each type per quadrant). Then, 250 - 300 gm of force from Ni-Ti coil springs was applied for 2 different periods: 12 weeks on one side and 3 weeks contralaterally. Thereafter, the animals were sacrificed and mandibular specimens including the miniscrews were collected. The insertion torque and mobility were compared between the groups. The bone-implant contact and bone volume ratio were calculated within 800 µm of the miniscrews and compared between the loading periods. The number of osteoblasts was also quantified. The measurements were expressed as percentages and analyzed by independent t-tests (p < 0.05). Results No significant differences in any of the analyzed parameters were noted between the groups. Conclusions The preliminary findings indicate that plasma ion-implanted miniscrews have similar biologic characteristics to SLA miniscrews in terms of insertion torque, mobility, bone-implant contact rate, and bone volume rate. PMID:23814706

  3. Sexual dimorphism of the internal mandibular chamber in Fayum Pliohyracidae (Mammalia)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    de Blieux, D.D.; Baumrind, M.R.; Simons, E.L.; Chatrath, P.S.; Meyer, G.E.; Attia, Y.S.

    2006-01-01

    An internal mandibular fenestra and chamber are found in many fossil hyracoids. The internal mandibular fenestra is located on the lingual surface of the mandibular corpus and opens into a chamber within the mandible. The mandibular chamber is maximally developed in late Eocene Thyrohyrax meyeri and early Oligocene Thyrohyrax domorictus from the Fayum Province of Egypt. The function of this chamber is unknown as it is not found in extant hyraxes, nor is it known to occur in any other mammal. In Thyrohyrax, this feature appears to be sexually dimorphic because it is confined to roughly one half of the specimens that otherwise cannot be separated by dental characteristics or measurements. It has been suggested that the chamber is found in females based on the presumed distribution of this character in other fossil hyracoids. Fossils from Fayum Quarry L-41, preserving the sexually dimorphic anterior dentition, show that, in Thyrohyrax meyeri and Thyrohyrax domorictus, the internal mandibular chamber is found in males. In Thyrohyrax litholagus, an internal mandibular fenestra and inflated mandibular chamber occurs in males whereas females show the variable presence of an internal mandibular fossa or fenestra but lack an expanded chamber. Other genera show differing patterns of sexual variation in which some Fayum hyracoids have an internal mandibular fenestra in both sexes but with the greatest development of the mandibular chamber occurring in males. We review functions proposed for the internal mandibular chamber and suggest that it housed a laryngeal air sac that may have had a vocal function by acting as a resonating chamber. ?? 2006 by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology.

  4. The copolymer of epsilon-caprolactone-lactide and tricalcium phosphate does not enhance bone growth in mandibular defect of sheep.

    PubMed

    Ekholm, M; Hietanen, J; Tulamo, R-M; Muhonen, J; Lindqvist, C; Kellomäki, M; Suuronen, R

    2006-02-01

    In the field of craniomaxillofacial and orthopaedic surgery there is a constant need for bone or bone substitute. At the present, the most effective way to enhance bone healing clinically is to use autogenous bone grafts. The problems associated with the use of these autografts are donor site morbidity, limited supply and need for a second operative site. Currently there are several different synthetic products commercially available in the market; nevertheless, none of them is ideal for filling bone defects. Therefore, search for new synthetic materials for bone replacement is necessary. A mixture of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) and epsilon-caprolactone-lactide copolymer P(epsilon -CL/DL-LA) was prepared and implanted in critical size mandibular bone defects in twelve sheep. Contralateral side was used as a control. Follow-up times for histological and radiological studies were 9, 14, 24 and 52 weeks. We found that the implanted material did not enhance bone formation compared to control site. We also confirmed that defect size was of critical size, since there was no complete healing of the control site either. The results do not encourage us to continue our studies with the mixture of TCP and P(epsilon-CL/DL-LA) as a filling material for bone defects. Therefore the search for the ideal material is still ongoing. PMID:16502246

  5. Retrograde peri-implantitis

    PubMed Central

    Mohamed, Jumshad B.; Shivakumar, B.; Sudarsan, Sabitha; Arun, K. V.; Kumar, T. S. S.

    2010-01-01

    Retrograde peri-implantitis constitutes an important cause for implant failure. Retrograde peri-implantitis may sometimes prove difficult to identify and hence institution of early treatment may not be possible. This paper presents a report of four cases of (the implant placed developing to) retrograde peri-implantitis. Three of these implants were successfully restored to their fully functional state while one was lost due to extensive damage. The paper highlights the importance of recognizing the etiopathogenic mechanisms, preoperative assessment, and a strong postoperative maintenance protocol to avoid retrograde peri-implant inflammation. PMID:20922082

  6. Influence of cervical preflaring on determinationof apical file size in mandibular molars: SEM analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcia da Silva Schmitz; Roberto Santos; Alexandre Capelli; Marcos Jacobovitz; Júlio César Emboava Spanó; Jesus Djalma Pécora

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the influence of cervical preflaring with different rotary instruments on determination of the initial apical file (IAF) in mesiobuccal roots of mandibular molars. Fifty human mandibular molars whose mesial roots presented two clearly separated apical foramens (mesiobuccal and mesiolingual) were used. After standard access opening and removal of pulp tissue, the working length (WL) was determined at

  7. Soft tissue profile changes following mandibular advancement surgery: Predictability and long-term outcome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karim A. Mobarak; Lisen Espeland; Olaf Krogstad; Torstein Lyberg

    2001-01-01

    The objectives of this cephalometric study were to assess long-term changes in the soft tissue profile following mandibular advancement surgery and to investigate the relationship between soft tissue and hard tissue movements. The sample consisted of 61 patients treated consecutively for mandibular retrognathism with orthodontic therapy combined with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy and rigid fixation. Lateral cephalograms were taken on

  8. Endodontic Treatment of a Mandibular Second Premolar with Three Roots and Three Canals

    PubMed Central

    Paul, Bonny; Dube, Kavita

    2014-01-01

    Complex root canal system with atypical variations is a common finding among mandibular premolars. Endodontic treatment in these teeth may not be successful due to the failure to recognise and treat multiple canals. This paper presents endodontic treatment of a mandibular second premolar with three roots and three canals. PMID:25431692

  9. Restoring the vertical dimension of mandibular incisors with bonded ceramic restorations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. G. Wylie; H. K. Tan; K. Brooke

    2000-01-01

    Mandibular incisors are difficult to restore with conventional anterior crowns due to their small axial diameters. Crown preparation risks pulp exposure and results in a thin core of dentine. An experiment was designed to determine if increasing the thickness of ceramic to restore incisal edges affects the load at the point of restoration failure. Forty-eight mandibular incisors were randomly divided

  10. Lip closing force of Class III patients with mandibular prognathism: a case control study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction To compare the lip closing force of patients with mandibular prognathism to that of patients without dentofacial anomalies. Methods The subject group included 62 female patients of Class III relationship with mandibular prognathism. The control group been comprised of 71 patients of Class I relationships without skeletal deformities. Maximum lip closing force and average lip closing force were measured using a Y-meter. Student’s t-test was carried out to analyse the differences between the groups. Correlation and stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were performed to analyse the relationship between lip closing force and craniofacial morphology. Results The lower lip closing force of subjects with mandibular prognathism was significantly greater than that of patients in the control group (P??0.05). The lower lip closing force of patients with mandibular prognathism was strongly correlated with IMPA (Lower Incisor - Mandibular Plane angle, P?Mandibular Plane angle, P?mandibular prognathism and was strongly correlated with lower incisor position and mandibular plane angle. PMID:25159036

  11. FRACTURE OF ABUTMENT SCREW SUPPORTING A CEMENTED IMPLANT-RETAINED PROSTHESIS WITH EXTERNAL HEXAGON CONNECTION: A CASE REPORT WITH SEM EVALUATION

    PubMed Central

    Santos, Mariana Diniz Bisi; Pfeifer, Arthur Braga; Silva, Marcos Rogério Pupo; Sendyk, Claudio Luiz; Sendyk, WIlson Roberto

    2007-01-01

    One of the causes of implant failures in cemented implant-retained prostheses is the fracture of abutment screw or UCLA abutment. This article reports a case of simultaneous fracture of two UCLA abutments screws occurring in an implant-supported prosthesis placed in the mandibular molar region. The fractured structures were examined under scanning electron microscopy to investigate the probable causes of the failure, which were not related to failures on materials or fabrication of the screws, but rather were due to shear forces. The misfit in cemented prostheses may be the most likely cause of shear force generation. PMID:19089120

  12. Mandibular advancement surgery in high-angle and low-angle class II patients: Different long-term skeletal responses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karim A. Mobarak; Lisen Espeland; Olaf Krogstad; Torstein Lyberg

    2001-01-01

    The objective of this cephalometric study was to compare skeletal stability and the time course of postoperative changes in high-angle and low-angle Class II patients after mandibular advancement surgery. The subjects were 61 consecutive mandibular retrognathism patients whose treatment included bilateral sagittal split osteotomy and rigid fixation. The patients were divided according to the preoperative mandibular plane angle; the 20

  13. [Mandibular metastasis of a cutaneous melanoma or metachronous amelanotic melanoma of the oral cavity? A case report and literature review].

    PubMed

    Vierne, C; Hardy, H; Guichard, B; Barat, M; Péron, J-M; Trost, O

    2014-08-01

    Primary and metastatic mandibular melanoma are extremely rare. We report the original case of a 55-year-old woman treated 16 years before for a cutaneous melanoma, and now presenting with a huge mandibular amelanotic melanoma. Was it an histologically different mandibular metastasis of the previous cutaneous melanoma, or a metachronous oral amelanotic melanoma? PMID:24503521

  14. Immediate Loading of One-Piece Implants in Conjunction with a Modified Technique of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Lateralization: 10 Years Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Eldibany, Riham; Rodriguez, Joaquin G.

    2014-01-01

    This report describes a treatment modification for a patient presented with severely resorbed bilateral edentulous posterior mandible and mobility of the anterior teeth. There was less than 8?mm of bone between the crest of the alveolar ridge and the mandibular canal as revealed by radiographic examination. A modified technique for inferior alveolar nerve lateralization (IANL) in conjunction with ridge expansion was performed using threaded bone expanders, which allowed for better primary stability and placing longer implants. A total of four postextraction implants were in the anterior region of the mandible. The mandible received a total of nine one-piece implants to allow for immediate nonfunctional loading. The definitive ceramometallic prosthesis was delivered 3 months postoperatively. The 10 years clinical and radiographic assessment showed minimal bone resorption around osseointegrated implants. One-piece implants showed great success rate and minimal bone resorption following the modified technique of IANL and immediate implantation. PMID:24624258

  15. Treatment of extensive comminuted mandibular fracture between both mandibular angles with bilateral condylar fractures using a reconstruction plate: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Kwonwoo; Yoon, Kyuho; Cheong, Jeongkwon; Shin, Jaemyung; Bae, Jungho; Ko, Inchan; Park, Hyungkoo

    2014-01-01

    This following case report describes the open reduction, internal fixation and the reconstruction of an extensive comminuted mandibular fracture with bilateral condylar fractures in a 19-year-old male patient with an intellectual disability and autistic disorder. He suffered fall trauma, resulting in shattered bony fragments of the alveolus and mandibular body between both mandibular rami, the fracture of both condyles and the avulsion or dislocation of every posterior tooth of the mandible. The patient underwent open reduction and internal fixation between both mandibular rami using a reconstruction plate, open reduction and internal fixation of the shattered fragments using miniplates and screws, and the closed reduction of the bilateral condylar fractures. PMID:25045641

  16. Pamidronate affects the mandibular cortex of children with osteogenesis imperfecta.

    PubMed

    Apolinário, A C; Figueiredo, P T; Guimarães, A T; Acevedo, A C; Castro, L C; Paula, A P; Paula, L M; Melo, N S; Leite, A F

    2015-03-01

    We hypothesized that mandibular cortical width (MCW) is smaller in children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) than in healthy children and that pamidronate can improve the cortical mandibular thickness. The aim of this study was to assess changes in the MCW on dental panoramic radiographs (DPRs) of children with normal bone mineral density (BMD) and with OI. We also compared the MCW of children with different types of OI regarding the number of pamidronate cycles and age at the beginning of treatment. MCW measurements were retrospectively obtained from 197 DPRs of 66 children with OI types I, III, and IV who were in treatment with a comparable dosage of cyclical intravenous pamidronate between 2007 and 2013. The control group had 92 DPRs from normal BMD children. Factorial analysis of variance was used to compare MCW measurements among different age groups and between sexes and also to compare MCW measurements of children with different types of OI among different pamidronate cycles and age at the beginning of treatment. No significant differences in results were found between male and female subjects in both OI and healthy children, so they were evaluated altogether (P > 0.05). There was an increase of MCW values related to aging in all normal BMD and OI children but on a smaller scale in children with OI types I and III. Children with OI presented lower mean MCW values than did children with normal BMD at the beginning of treatment (P < 0.05). A linear model estimated the number of pamidronate cycles necessary to achieve mean MCW values equivalent to those of healthy children. The thinning of the mandibular cortex depended on the number of pamidronate cycles, the type of OI, and the age at the beginning of treatment. DPRs could thus provide a way to identify cyclic pamidronate treatment outcomes in patients with OI. PMID:25608973

  17. Asymmetric muscle function in patients with developmental mandibular asymmetry.

    PubMed

    Dong, Y; Wang, X M; Wang, M Q; Widmalm, S E

    2008-01-01

    The aim was to test the hypothesis that developmental mandibular asymmetry is associated with increased asymmetry in muscle activity. Patients with mandibular condylar and/or ramus hyperplasia having unilateral cross-bite were compared with healthy subjects with normal occlusion. Muscle activity was recorded with surface electrodes in the masseter, suprahyoid, sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) and upper trapezius areas during jaw opening-closing-clenching, head-neck flexion-extension, and elevation-lowering of shoulders. Root mean square (RMS) and mean power frequency (MPF) values were calculated and analysed using anova and t-tests with P < 0.05 chosen as significance level. The SCM and masseter muscles showed co-activation during jaw and head movements, significantly more asymmetric in the patients than in the healthy subjects. The RMS and MPF values were higher in the patients than in the controls in the SCM and suprahyoid areas on both sides during jaw opening-closing movement. The results indicate that the ability to perform symmetric jaw and neck muscle activities is disturbed in patients with developmental mandibular asymmetry. This is of clinical interest because asymmetric activity may be an etiologic factor in temporomandibular joint and cervical pain. The results support that co-activation occurs between jaw and neck muscles during voluntary jaw opening and indicate that postural antigravity reflex activity occurs in the masseter area during head extension. Further studies, where EMG recordings are made from the DMA patients at early stages are motivated to verify activity sources and test if the asymmetric activity is associated with muscle and joint pain in the jaw and cervical areas. PMID:18190358

  18. Deflections in Mandibular Major Connectors: A FEM Study.

    PubMed

    Satheesh Kumar, K S; Preeti, S K; Savadi, R; Patel, R; Vinod, V; John, J

    2013-12-01

    The major connector is the most vital component critically subjected to maximal stress concentration due to various forces acting on it. The main requirement of a major connector is its resistance to deformation by occlusal stresses. This resistance to deformation is a direct consequence of the rigidity of the major connector. Thus rigidity of the major connector is paramount to resist flexing and torquing forces that could be transmitted to the abutment teeth and other structures as destructive forces. The commonly used major connectors for the mandibular arch are lingual bar and lingual plate. In the present study, the deflection of various major connector designs due to occlusal load is assessed by finite element method. They have been analyzed through finite element models. The differences in the deflection behaviour of mandibular major connector used in Kennedy's Class I, Class II, Class III, and Class IV edentulous situations have been compared. A CT scan of human edentulous mandible was taken and each section from symphysis to condylar region was projected on a graph paper and three-dimensional volumes were created from connected successive profiles to define the final solid geometry of cortical bone. Six framework models with different mandibular major connectors, lingual bar and lingual plate for Kennedy's Class I, Class II, Class III, and Class IV situations were created. The three dimensional finite element models corresponding to the geometric model were generated using Ansys's pre-processor. The model was assigned material properties. A vertical biting force of 20 N was applied. The results showed that the maximum deflection was seen in the saddle area when compared to other areas, i.e., major connector and the occlusal rest regions. The lingual bar in Kennedy's Class III situation and lingual plate in Kennedy's Class IV situation showed the least deflection when compared to Class I and Class II (distal extensions) situations. Lingual plate is more rigid major connector than lingual bar. PMID:24431793

  19. Irregular Periapical Radiopacity in Mandibular Premolars and Molars

    PubMed Central

    Warrier, S. Aravind; Vinayachandran, Divya

    2014-01-01

    Increased deposition of cementum is observed in a wide number of both benign and malignant conditions. Many cases are often diagnosed during routine examination as an incidental finding. Diagnosing correctly without confusing it with other similarly appearing lesions, thus avoiding subjecting the patient to unnecessary investigations and stress, is of prime importance. We report one such case, where the patient presented with the routine complaint of a painful tooth, during the investigation of which he was also diagnosed with hypercementosis affecting the mandibular second premolars and molars bilaterally. The literature review reveals that not many cases of hypercementosis are frequently reported. PMID:24716003

  20. Treatment of Ectopic Mandibular Second Permanent Molar with Elastic Separators

    PubMed Central

    Rajesh, R.; Naveen, V.; Amit, S.; Baroudi, Kusai; Sampath Reddy, C.; Namineni, Srinivas

    2014-01-01

    Ectopic eruption is a developmental disturbance in which the tooth fails to follow its normal eruption pathway. Ectopic eruption of the second molar is relatively rare. This paper presents the case of thirteen-year-old male with an ectopic mandibular second permanent molar. The condition was corrected with surgical exposure and placement of elastic separators. This case report lays emphasis on the practice of basic methods to obtain acceptable results rather than extensive surgical or orthodontic corrections. It is advised that ectopic teeth should not be neglected especially when it concerns developing caries and malocclusion. PMID:25050182

  1. A method for analysis of human mandibular occlusal movement.

    PubMed

    Joss, A; Graf, H

    1979-11-01

    A new method was developed to produce perspectives and maps of the top of Posselt's envelope of motion, the part that is mainly determined by occlusal tooth contact. Mandibular occlusal gliding movements were recorded in human subjects by optoelectronic tracking of infrared light emitters fixed to the subjects upper and lower teeth. Recordings were made by a commercially available electronic camera system that was extended to meet the special needs. An elaborate computer program was developed to process the information and convert it into graphic plots. Care was taken to make the system easy to use. PMID:293915

  2. Anaplastic mandibular carcinoma in a meerkat (Suricata suricatta).

    PubMed

    Dadone, Liza I; Garner, Michael M; Klaphake, Eric; Johnston, Matthew S; Han, Sushan

    2014-06-01

    An 8-yr-old female slender-tailed meerkat (Suricata suricatta) presented with a necrotic sublingual mass and osteolysis of the mandible. After 1 mo of palliative care, the meerkat was euthanized. The mass was diagnosed histologically as an anaplastic carcinoma with extensive rostral mandibular destruction. Immunohistochemistry for vimentin and cytokeratin was validated in this nontypical species and showed that neoplastic cells expressed both mesenchymal and epithelial characteristics, suggestive of a primitive and poorly differentiated tumor. A review of 150 adult slender-tailed meerkat histopathology reports showed a 2% prevalence of orofacial neoplasia, suggesting that oral neoplasms are uncommon in meerkats. PMID:25000710

  3. [The determination of human mandibular deformations by using optical holography].

    PubMed

    Artiushkevich, A S; Tanin, L V; Drobot, I L

    1992-01-01

    A scheme of holographic investigation in counter-current bundles was used to study mandibular deformations in functional exercise. He-Ne laser LGN-215, generating was used as a source of light. To record the holographic interferograms, high-resolution plates of the PFG-03 type were employed, fixed directly on the object. The findings evidence that in contractions of the anterior and posterior masticatory muscles the mandible is exposed to deformation in the horizontal and frontal planes, most marked near the teeth and alveolar process. The deformation near the angle is more marked than in the chin area. PMID:1307144

  4. Reconstruction plates used in the surgery for mandibular discontinuity defect

    PubMed Central

    Seol, Guk-Jin; Jeon, Eun-Gyu; Lee, Jong-Sung; Choi, So-Young; Kim, Jin-Wook; Kwon, Tae-Geon

    2014-01-01

    Objectives The purpose of this study was to analyze the survival rate of reconstruction plates that were used to correct mandibular discontinuity defects. Materials and Methods We analyzed clinical and radiological data of 36 patients. Only discontinuous mandibular defect cases were included in the study. Reconstruction plate survival rate was analyzed according to age, gender, location of defect, defect size, and whether the patient underwent a bone graft procedure, coronoidectomy, and/or postoperative radiation therapy (RT). Results Plate-related complications developed in 8 patients, 7 of which underwent plate removal. No significant differences were found in plate survival rate according to age, gender, location of defect, defect size, or whether a bone graft procedure was performed. However, there were differences in the plate survival rate that depended on whether the patient underwent coronoidectomy or postoperative RT. In the early stages (9.25±5.10 months), plate fracture was the most common complication, but in the later stages (35.75±17.00 months), screw loosening was the most common complication. Conclusion It is important to establish the time-related risk of complications such as plate fracture or screw loosening. Coronoidectomy should be considered in most cases to prevent complications. Postoperative RT can affect the survival rate and hazard rate after a reconstruction plate is fitted. PMID:25551090

  5. The effect of denture stability on bite force and muscular effort.

    PubMed

    Caloss, R; Al-Arab, M; Finn, R A; Throckmorton, G S

    2011-06-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that denture instability limits the amount of voluntary muscular effort generated by denture wearers. Seventeen edentulous subjects (seven men, 10 women; mean age 60·3 ± 13·0 years) with newly acquired implant-retained mandibular overdentures and a conventional maxillary denture participated. Maximum bite forces and corresponding electromyographic (EMG) activity from the temporalis and masseter muscles (bilaterally) were recorded under two experimental conditions: (i) Unilateral premolar and molar bites without additional support, and (ii) premolar and molar bites with bite block support on the opposite side. In addition, EMG values alone were recorded during maximum clenching without any transducer between the upper and lower dentures. The level of muscular effort was significantly higher with greater denture support. These results indicate that denture instability probably prevents denture wearers from using the full potential of their jaw muscles, especially during unilateral biting and chewing, even with two implants supporting the mandibular dentures. PMID:21050259

  6. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Preliminary results of an animal study with a dentally fixed distraction device.

    PubMed

    Braumann, B; Niederhagen, B; Schmolke, C

    1997-01-01

    Lengthening of the human mandible by distraction osteogenesis has become an accepted treatment for correction of severe mandibular disto-basal discrepancies in recent years. This usually entails the deployment of extra-orally located distraction devices. This type of device often causes conspicuous scarring. To avoid this scarring, an intra-oral device is to be developed. In the present animal study, 2 "Troll" mini-pigs and 2 "Yucatan" micro-pigs were fitted with a new solely dentally fixed orthodontic device for mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Following bilateral osteotomy in the dentigerous area of the mandibular body and a latent period of 2 to 7 days, the apparatus was activated 1 mm per day. Within a period of 9 days, a mandibular lengthening of 9 mm was reached. This situation was retained using the distraction device for 6 weeks. After removal of the apparatus, there followed another 6-week period of consolidation. During the experiment, the callus and bone formation and potential dental and periodontal reactions were radiologically examined and underwent histological examination at the end of the experiment. Twelve weeks after the mandibular lengthening, the osteogenesis in the distraction areas was complete. No destructive processes were recognizable, either at the roots or at the periodontium of the teeth near the osteotomy gap. Lengthening of the mandibular body using distraction osteogenesis with the help of a solely dentally fixed distraction device is thus feasible and can, in the future, become the appropriate treatment in the correction of severe mandibular deficiency. PMID:9433049

  7. Urinary incontinence - injectable implant

    MedlinePLUS

    Injectable implants are injections of material into the urethra to help control urine leakage ( urinary incontinence ) caused by a ... into the tissue next to the sphincter. The implant procedure is usually done in the hospital. Or ...

  8. Pacemakers and Implantable Defibrillators

    MedlinePLUS

    ... arrhythmia is serious, you may need a cardiac pacemaker or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). They are ... are implanted in your chest or abdomen. A pacemaker helps control abnormal heart rhythms. It uses electrical ...

  9. The Ion Implanter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This web site displays and describes the major components of a modern high current ion implanter. It uses a series of clickable image maps to help navigate. The site describes the entire process of ion implantation.

  10. Implant-Supported Denture

    MedlinePLUS

    ... implants for support. Bar-retained dentures — A thin metal bar that follows the curve of your jaw ... dentures) — Each implant in the jawbone holds a metal attachment that fits into another attachment on the ...

  11. Endodontic Management of a Mandibular Central Incisor with Type IV Canal Pattern: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Mittal, Sunandan; Kumar, Tarun; Sharma, Jyotika; Mittal, Shifali; Ahuja, Tarun

    2014-03-01

    The success of endodontic treatment requires the knowledge of tooth morphology and its variations. Mandibular incisor's anatomy presents a challenge when an endodontic access is made, because of its small size and high prevalence of two canals. We are describing a Weine's Type IV root canal configuration that was detected in a mandibular central incisor, which was demonstrated by a radiographic examination. This article also focuses on the successful endodontic treatment of a mandibular central incisor with a single canal at the pulp chamber, which divided into two distinct and separate canals (buccolingual) at the middle third of the root. PMID:24783153

  12. Prolonged vertigo and ataxia after mandibular nerve block for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia

    PubMed Central

    Chaturvedi, Arvind; Dash, HH

    2011-01-01

    Common complications of neurolytic mandibular nerve block are hypoesthesia, dysesthesia, and chemical neuritis. We report a rare complication, prolonged severe vertigo and ataxia, after neurolytic mandibular blockade in a patient suffering from trigeminal neuralgia. Coronoid approach was used for right sided mandibular block. After successful test injection with local anesthetic, absolute alcohol was given for neurolytic block. Immediately after alcohol injection, patient developed nausea and vomiting along with severe vertigo, ataxia and hypertension. Neurological evaluation was normal except for the presence of vertigo and ataxia. Computerised tomography scan brain was also normal. Patient was admitted for observation and symptomatic treatment was given. Vertigo and ataxia gradually improved over 24 hours. PMID:21897515

  13. Transmigration of Mandibular Canine: Report of Four Cases and Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Gaurav; Nagpal, Archna

    2011-01-01

    Transmigration of canine is a rare phenomenon. The prevalence of transmigration of mandibular canine has been found to be only 0.14%–0.31%. The treatment of impacted transmigrated canine is very complicated if it is diagnosed at a later stage. We report 4 cases of transmigration of mandibular canine and review the literature regarding the etiology and treatment. Panoramic radiograph should be taken during the mixed dentition period if the mandibular canine has not erupted from more than one year from its normal chronological age of eruption as intraoral periapical radiograph examination will not always detect an impacted or transmigrated canine. PMID:22570797

  14. Endodontic Management of a Mandibular Central Incisor with Type IV Canal Pattern: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Mittal, Sunandan; Kumar, Tarun; Sharma, Jyotika; Mittal, Shifali; Ahuja, Tarun

    2014-01-01

    The success of endodontic treatment requires the knowledge of tooth morphology and its variations. Mandibular incisor’s anatomy presents a challenge when an endodontic access is made, because of its small size and high prevalence of two canals. We are describing a Weine’s Type IV root canal configuration that was detected in a mandibular central incisor, which was demonstrated by a radiographic examination. This article also focuses on the successful endodontic treatment of a mandibular central incisor with a single canal at the pulp chamber, which divided into two distinct and separate canals (buccolingual) at the middle third of the root. PMID:24783153

  15. The effect of human amniotic fluid on mandibular distraction osteogenesis.

    PubMed

    Gokce, S M; Karacayli, U; Nalcaci, R; Avunduk, M C; Özgöçmen, M; Karasahin, E; Gokce, H S

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of local administration of human amniotic fluid (HAF) on newly formed bone obtained by mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) with histomorphometry. A unilateral mandibular osteotomy at the left corpus was performed in 32 adult male rabbits. After a 5-day latency period, the left mandibles were lengthened by mandibular DO over 5 days, at a rate of 1mm/day, via a custom-made distractor. After the distraction, the rabbits were divided randomly into four groups: 0.3ml HAF was injected into the distraction gap followed by 21 (group 1) or 45 (group 2) days of consolidation; or 0.3ml normal saline (NS) was administered followed by 21 (group 3) or 45 (group 4) days of consolidation. Mandibles were removed at the end of the consolidation period and investigated histomorphometrically. The newly formed bone area (NFBA) and number of fibroblasts increased significantly in the HAF groups compared to the NS groups (NFBA: group 1 vs. group 3, P<0.05; group 2 vs. group 4, P<0.01; fibroblasts: group 1 vs. group 3, and group 2 vs. group 4, P<0.05), and also in both 45-day consolidation groups compared to the 21-day consolidation groups (NFBA: group 1 vs. group 2, and group 3 vs. group 4, P<0.001; fibroblasts: group 1 vs. group 2, and group 3 vs. group 4, P<0.01). Additionally, the numbers of osteoblasts and capillaries were increased significantly at 45 days of consolidation compared to 21 days in both the HAF and NS groups (osteoblasts: group 1 vs. group 2, P<0.01; group 3 vs. group 4, P<0.05; capillaries: group 1 vs. group 2, and group 3 vs. group 4, P<0.01). Histomorphometric analysis demonstrated that local HAF administration effectively accelerated bone formation. Thus, a HAF injection procedure could improve new bone formation around the bone in maxillofacial operations such as DO. PMID:25457823

  16. Trends in Cochlear Implants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fan-Gang Zeng

    2004-01-01

    More than 60,000 people worldwide use cochlear implants as a means to restore functional hearing. Although individual performance variability is still high, an average implant user can talk on the phone in a quiet environment. Cochlear-implant research has also matured as a field, as evidenced by the exponential growth in both the patient population and scientific publication. The present report

  17. Cochlear Implantations in Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Athena Stinson

    1996-01-01

    Cochlear implant procedures are available for children who are diagnosed with severe hearing loss. Cochlear implants can restore children's perceptions of sound through the use of electronic devices. Perioperative nurses should be knowledgeable about all surgical aspects of cochlear implant procedures and be aware of the months of preparation before surgery and the lengthy rehabilitation afterward. This article discusses the

  18. Three-dimensional finite element analysis of the deformation of the human mandible: a preliminary study from the perspective of orthodontic mini-implant stability

    PubMed Central

    Baek, Sun-Hye; Cha, Hyun-Suk; Cha, Jung-Yul; Moon, Yoon-Shik

    2012-01-01

    Objective The aims of this study were to investigate mandibular deformation under clenching and to estimate its effect on the stability of orthodontic mini-implants (OMI). Methods Three finite element models were constructed using computed tomography (CT) images of 3 adults with different mandibular plane angles (A, low; B, average; and C, high). An OMI was placed between #45 and #46 in each model. Mandibular deformation under premolar and molar clenching was simulated. Comparisons were made between peri-orthodontic mini-implant compressive strain (POMI-CSTN) under clenching and orthodontic traction forces (150 g and 200 g). Results Three models with different mandibular plane angles demonstrated different functional deformation characteristics. The compressive strains around the OMI were distributed mesiodistally rather than occlusogingivally. In model A, the maximum POMI-CSTN under clenching was observed at the mesial aspect of #46 (1,401.75 microstrain [µE]), and similar maximum POMI-CSTN was observed under a traction force of 150 g (1,415 µE). Conclusions The maximum POMI-CSTN developed by clenching failed to exceed the normally allowed compressive cortical bone strains; however, additional orthodontic traction force to the OMI may increase POMI-CSTN to compromise OMI stability. PMID:23112947

  19. Bilaterally impacted mandibular supernumerary premolars associated with unusual clinical complications

    PubMed Central

    Pasha, Zameer; Choudhari, Sameer; Rathod, Azhar; Sulabha, A. N.

    2013-01-01

    Supernumerary teeth are extra teeth in comparison to the normal dentition. Their prevalence varies between 0.1% and 3.8%. Supernumeraries are more common in permanent dentition and its incidence is higher in maxillary incisor region, followed by maxillary third molar and mandibular molar, premolar, canine, and lateral incisor. The prevalence of supernumerary premolars is between 0.075-0.26%, and they may occur in single or multiple numbers Bilateral occurrence is uncommon and large percentage of supernumerary premolars remains impacted, unerupted, and usually asymptomatic; radiograph plays an important role in diagnosis of these. The present paper reports a case of bilaterally impacted completely developed supernumerary premolars associated with common clinical complication in unusual manner along with taurodontism of the upper and lower molars. PMID:23833524

  20. MultiModality Surgical and Hyperbaric Management of Mandibular Osteoradionecrosis

    SciTech Connect

    Freiberger, John J., E-mail: freib002@mc.duke.ed [Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Yoo, David S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Lisle Dear, Guy de [Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); McGraw, Thomas A. [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Blakey, George H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Padilla Burgos, Rebecca; Kraft, Kevin [Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Nelson, John W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Moon, Richard E. [Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Piantadosi, Claude A. [Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

    2009-11-01

    Purpose: To elucidate long-term outcomes in 65 consecutive patients meeting a uniform definition of mandibular osteoradionecrosis (ORN) treated with multimodality therapy including hyperbaric oxygen (HBO). Methods and Materials: Pretreatment, post-treatment and long-term follow-up of mandibular lesions with exposed bone were ranked by a systematic review of medical records and patient telephone calls. The ranking system was based on lesion diameter and number plus disease progression. Changes from pretreatment to post-treatment and follow-up were analyzed by Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Improved wound survival, measured by time to relapse, defined as any less favorable rank after HBO treatment, was assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: In all, 57 cases (88%) resolved or improved by lesion grade or progression and evolution criteria after HBO (p < 0.001). Four patients healed before surgery after HBO alone. Of 57 patients who experienced improvement, 41 had failed previous nonmultimodality therapy for 3 months and 26 for 6 months or more. A total of 43 patients were eligible for time-to-relapse survival analysis. Healing or improvement lasted a mean duration of 86.1 months (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 64.0-108.2) in nonsmokers (n = 20) vs. 15.8 months (95% CI, 8.4-23.2) in smokers (n = 14) versus 24.2 months (95% CI, 15.2-33.2) in patients with recurrent cancer (n = 9) (p = 0.002 by the log-rank method). Conclusions: Multimodality therapy using HBO is effective for ORN when less intensive therapies have failed. Although the healing rate in similarly affected patients not treated with HBO is unknown, the improvements seen with peri-operative HBO were durable provided that the patients remained cancer free and abstained from smoking.

  1. Hand skeletal maturity and its correlation with mandibular dental development

    PubMed Central

    Pousti, Maryam; Adelianfar, Elahe

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Assessment of pubertal status and pubertal growth spurt in orthodontic patients has a considerable impact on the diagnosis, treatment plan and the outcome of orthodontic treatments. Hand-wrist radiography is routinely used to evaluate skeletal development. Some studies have shown that there is an association between bone development and different stages of dental calcification; therefore, the stages of dental calcification can be used as the first tool for diagnosis, in case there is an association. This study was performed with the aim to evaluate the association between the phases of dental development and the stages of skeletal maturity. Study design: In this study, a total of 52 patients (26 males and 26 females), referring to Mashhad School of Dentistry for orthodontic treatment, were evaluated; the subjects were within the age range of 9-14 years. Hand-wrist radiographic evaluation of skeletal maturation was performed using Fishman method. Also, the Demirjian method was used to identify the stages of dental calcification by panoramic radiographs. Independent t-test and Spearman correlation coefficient were used for data analyses. Results: The mean age of males and females was 11.05 ± 1.05 and 10.62 ± 1.12 years, respectively (p=0.156). The Spearman correlation coefficients between skeletal maturity indicators (SMIs) and developmental stages of mandibular left and right canines and second molars were significant in males only (p<0.05). Also, correlation coefficients were significant between adductor sesamoid ossification and mandibular right and left canines developmental stages in males (p<0.05). Conclusions: Findings of this study showed that the correlation between dental developmental stages and skeletal maturity only were significant in males; thus, different skeletal maturity patterns in males and females might be perceptible. Key words:Skeletal maturation, hand-wrist radiography, panoramic radiography. PMID:25136430

  2. Genetic Association of ARHGAP21 Gene Variant with Mandibular Prognathism.

    PubMed

    Perillo, L; Monsurrò, A; Bonci, E; Torella, A; Mutarelli, M; Nigro, V

    2015-04-01

    Mandibular prognathism (MP) is a recognizable phenotype associated with dentoskeletal class III malocclusion. MP is a complex genetic trait, although familial recurrence also suggests the contribution of single inherited variations. To date, the genetic causes of MP have been investigated using linkage analysis or association studies in pooled families. Here for the first time, next-generation sequencing was used to study a single family with a large number of MP-affected members and to identify MP-related candidate genes. A 6-generation kindred with MP segregating as an autosomal dominant character was recruited. To identify family members affected by MP, a standard cephalometric procedure was used. In 5 MP subjects separated by the largest number of meioses, whole-exome sequencing was performed. Five promising missense gene variants (BMP3, ANXA2, FLNB, HOXA2, and ARHGAP21) associated with MP were selected and genotyped in most other family members. In this family, MP seemed to consist of 2 distinct genetic branches. Interestingly, the Gly1121Ser variant in the ARHGAP21 gene was found to be shared by all MP individuals in the larger branch of the family with nearly complete penetrance. This variant is rare in the Caucasian population (frequency 0.00034) and is predicted as damaging by all bioinformatic algorithms. ARHGAP21 protein strengthens cell-cell adhesions and may be regulated by bone morphogenetic factors, thus influencing mandibular growth. Further studies in both animal models and human patients are required to clarify the significance of this association. PMID:25691070

  3. Mandibular elevator muscles: physiology, action, and effect of dental occlusion.

    PubMed

    Bakke, M

    1993-10-01

    In spite of differences in embryologic origin, central nervous organization, and muscle fiber distribution, the physiology and action of mandibular elevator muscles are comparable to those of skeletal muscles of the limbs, back, and shoulder. They also share the same age-, sex-, and activity-related variations of muscular strength. With respect to pathogenesis, the type of muscular performance associated with the development of fatigue, discomfort, and pain in mandibular elevators seems to be influenced by the dental occlusion. Clinical research comparing the extent of occlusal contact in patients and controls as well as epidemiologic studies have shown reduced occlusal support to be a risk factor in the development of craniomandibular disorders. In healthy subjects with full natural dentition, occlusal support in the intercuspal position generally amounts to 12-14 pairs of contacting teeth, with predominance of contact on first and second molars. The extent of occlusal contact clearly affects electric muscle activity, bite force, jaw movements, and masticatory efficiency. Neurophysiologic evidence of receptor activity and reflex interaction with the basic motor programs of craniomandibular muscles tends to indicate that the peripheral occlusal control of the elevator muscles is provided by feedback from periodontal pressoreceptors. With stable intercuspal support, especially from posterior teeth, elevator muscles are activated strongly during biting and chewing with a high degree of force and masticatory efficiency, and with relatively short contractions, allowing for pauses. These variables of muscle contraction seem, in general, to strengthen the muscles and prevent discomfort. Therefore, occlusal stability keeps the muscles fit, and enables the masticatory system to meet its functional demands. PMID:8248735

  4. The adaptive significance of mandibular symphyseal fusion in mammals.

    PubMed

    Scott, J E; Hogue, A S; Ravosa, M J

    2012-04-01

    The mandibular symphyseal joint is remarkably variable across major mammalian clades, ranging in adults from unfused (amphiarthrosis) to partially fused (synarthrosis) to completely ossified (synostosis). Experimental work conducted on primates suggests that greater ossification of the symphysis is a response to increased recruitment of the balancing-side (i.e. nonchewing side) jaw-adductor muscles during forceful unilateral biting and chewing, with increased fusion strengthening the symphysis against correspondingly elevated joint stresses. It is thus expected that species with diets composed primarily of foods that require high-magnitude bite forces and/or repetitive loading to process will be characterized by greater degrees of symphyseal ossification than species with relatively easy-to-process diets (i.e. food items typified by low toughness and/or low stiffness). However, comparative support for this idea is limited. We tested this hypothesis in four dietarily diverse mammalian clades characterized by variation in symphyseal fusion - the Strepsirrhini, Marsupialia, Feliformia, and Caniformia. We scored fusion in adult specimens of 292 species, assigned each to a dietary category based on literature accounts, and tested for an association between these two variables using Pagel's test for the correlated evolution of binary characters. Results indicate that greater fusion is associated with diets composed of resistant items in strepsirrhines, marsupials, and feliforms, providing some support for the hypothesis. However, no such relationship was detected in caniforms, suggesting that factors other than dietary mechanical properties influence symphyseal ossification. Future work should focus on such factors, as well as those that favour an unfused mandibular symphysis. PMID:22268953

  5. Trends in Cochlear Implants

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Fan-Gang

    2004-01-01

    More than 60,000 people worldwide use cochlear implants as a means to restore functional hearing. Although individual performance variability is still high, an average implant user can talk on the phone in a quiet environment. Cochlear-implant research has also matured as a field, as evidenced by the exponential growth in both the patient population and scientific publication. The present report examines current issues related to audiologic, clinical, engineering, anatomic, and physiologic aspects of cochlear implants, focusing on their psychophysical, speech, music, and cognitive performance. This report also forecasts clinical and research trends related to presurgical evaluation, fitting protocols, signal processing, and postsurgical rehabilitation in cochlear implants. Finally, a future landscape in amplification is presented that requires a unique, yet complementary, contribution from hearing aids, middle ear implants, and cochlear implants to achieve a total solution to the entire spectrum of hearing loss treatment and management. PMID:15247993

  6. Analysis and design of an adjustable bone plate for mandibular fracture fixation

    E-print Network

    Cervantes, Thomas Michael

    2011-01-01

    This thesis presents the design, analysis and testing of a bone plate for mandibular fracture fixation. Conventional bone plates are commonly used to set fractures of the mandible in a surgical setting. If proper alignment ...

  7. Intraoral Approach and Stereolithographic-guided Large Mandibular Reconstruction with Fibula Free Flap

    PubMed Central

    Agut-Busquet, Eugenia; Molina-Montes, Juan; Escuder-LaTorre, Oscar

    2014-01-01

    Summary: The reconstruction of mandibular defects has always been of great concern, and it still represents a challenge for head-and-neck reconstructive surgeons. The mandible plays a major role in mastication, articulation, swallowing, respiration, and facial contour. Thus, when undertaking mandibular reconstruction, restoration of both function and cosmetics should be considered as the measure of success. Microsurgical reconstruction is the gold-standard method to repair a segmental mandibular defect. Reconstruction of sizeable defects often needs a large neck incision, leading to unsatisfactory cosmetic outcomes. Virtual surgical planning and stereolithographic modeling are new techniques that offer excellent results and can provide precise data for mandibular reconstruction and improve postoperative outcomes. We present a case of complete intraoral resection and reconstruction of a large ameloblastoma of the mandible. PMID:25426382

  8. Gingival labial recessions and the post-treatment proclination of mandibular incisors.

    PubMed

    Renkema, Anne-Marie; Navratilova, Zuzanna; Mazurova, Katerina; Katsaros, Christos; Fudalej, Piotr S

    2014-12-01

    Summary INTRODUCTION : A prerequisite for development of gingival recession is the presence of alveolar bone dehiscence. Proclination of mandibular incisors can result in thinning of the alveolus and dehiscence formation. PMID:25481921

  9. Mandibular second molar with 3 mesial canals and a radix paramolaris

    PubMed Central

    Ragavendran, N.; Bhat, Ganesh T.; Hegde, Mithra N.

    2014-01-01

    Mandibular first molar commonly has two roots, the mesial and the distal root. Surprisingly in some mandibular first molar has an unusual extra third root in between mesial and distal root. This extra root is the most commonly seen in lingual side and is called as radix entomolaris. If this extra root is seen on the buccal side, it is termed as radix paramolaris (RP), which is a very rare phenomenon. Recently, various case report studies has shown the presence of third canal in the mesial and distal roots of mandibular molars. They are named as middle mesial and middle distal canal, respectively. Here, we present a case report of mandibular second molar showing three canals in the mesial root and a RP. PMID:25210368

  10. Central chondrosarcoma of a pediatric mandibular condyle: A case report and review

    PubMed Central

    Kumar Reddy, D. Sathya; Kishore Kumar, R. V.; Gali, Rajasekhar; Kannubaddy, Sridhar Reddy; Rao, Mallikarjuna; Akheel, Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    Chondrosarcoma of mandibular condyle is an extremely rare clinical entity with only 18 cases reported till date. We report a rare case of central myxoid chondrosarcoma in a 7 year old male child with a complaint of slow growing bony hard swelling of left mandibular condyle. Panoramic radiography and CT scan revealed a 5×3cm osteosclerotic and osteolytic lesion with cortical perforation on the medial side of the left mandibular condyle with a cortical expansion of lateral side. Segmental mandibulectomy with disarticulation of the left condyle was done. To the best of our knowledge it is the first case of chondrosarcoma of the paediatric mandibular condyle to be reported. The etiopathogenesis, clinical, radiological diagnosis and various treatment modalities of chondrosarcoma are discussed PMID:24987606

  11. Treatment of Two Canals in All Mandibular Incisor Teeth in the Same Patient

    PubMed Central

    Kokane, Vandana B.; Patil, Swapnil N.; Gunwal, Mohit K.; Kubde, Rajesh; Atre, Swaraj

    2014-01-01

    The main reason for unfavourable outcome in endodontic treatment of mandibular incisor is the inability to detect the presence of second canal. Pain even after extirpation of complete pulp tissue from root canal of vital teeth is the main indication of hidden canals. The present case report is also on pain because of another neglected canal in all mandibular incisors in the same patient. PMID:25478246

  12. Accuracy of video imaging for predicting the soft tissue profile after mandibular set-back surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Serge Kazandjian; Glenn T. Sameshima; Thad Champlin; Peter M. Sinclair

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of two video-imaging programs for predicting the soft tissue outcomes of mandibular set-back surgery for patients with skeletal class III malocclusion. The sample consisted of 30 previously treated, nongrowing, white patients who had undergone isolated mandibular set-back surgery. An objective comparison was made of each program’s cephalometric prediction using a

  13. Correlation of biomechanical stiffness with plain radiographic and ultrasound data in an experimental mandibular distraction wound

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. B. Kaban; P. Thurmüller; M. J. Troulis; J. Glowacki; D. Wahl; B. Linke; B. Rahn; D. H. Perrott

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the stiffness of a porcine mandibular distraction wound at the end of neutral fixation.Twenty-four Yucatan minipigs underwent unilateral mandibular distraction: zero-day latency, rates of 1, 2, and 4mm per day, distraction gap of 12mm. Radiographic and ultrasound bone fill scores at 0, 8, 16 and 24 days of neutral fixation were used

  14. Fixation of mandibular fractures with 2.0-mm miniplates: Review of 191 cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marisa Aparecida Cabrini Gabrielli; Elcio Marcantonio; Eduardo Hochuli-Vieira

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: Our goal was to study the use of 2.0-mm miniplates for the fixation of mandibular fractures. Patients and Methods: Records of 191 patients who experienced a total of 280 mandibular fractures that were treated with 2.0-mm miniplates were reviewed. One hundred twelve of those patients, presenting 160 fractures, who attended a late follow-up were also clinically evaluated. Miniplates were

  15. Limitations of B-scan ultrasound for diagnosing fractures of the mandibular condyle and ramus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. E. Friedrich; K. Plambeck; S. Bartel-Friedrich; M. Giese; R. Schmelzle

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyse the applications and limitations of B-scan ultrasonography for diagnosing fractures of\\u000a the mandibular condyle and ramus. Thirty-two patients with 39 radiologically proven fractures of the mandibular condyle and\\u000a ramus were in- cluded in the study. The patients were examined with a 7.5 MHz small-part applicator. Five patients without\\u000a fractures of the facial

  16. Carotid Artery Dissection and Stroke Complicating Treatment of Post-mandibular distraction Ankylosis: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Arnspiger, Sarah A; Felder, John M; Wood, Benjamin C; Rogers, Gary F; Oh, Albert K

    2014-12-01

    Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is an increasingly accepted treatment option for severe upper airway obstruction in grade 3 Robin sequence. Complications are rarely reported but can include fracture, pin dislodgement, tooth bud damage, and temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Operative correction of these complications can carry inherent risks of their own. We present a patient who incurred carotid artery dissection and stroke after release of postdistraction coronoid-zygomatic ankylosis for the treatment of mandibular micrognathia. PMID:25489770

  17. Patterns of growth of the mandibular corpus in spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta ) and cougars ( Puma concolor )

    Microsoft Academic Search

    AUDRONE R. BIKNEVICIUS; STEVEN R. LEIGH

    1997-01-01

    Differences in jaw morphology among adult carnivorans are well established, but the ontogenetic mechanisms by which these differences arise are largely unexplored. Mandibular ontogeny inCrocuta crocutaandPuma concoloris analysed biomechanically using principles of beam theory. In each species, the development of cross-sectional properties of the mandibular corpus associated with rigidity under loading follows a biphasic pattern of growth. In early postnatal

  18. Function of secretion of mandibular gland of male in territorial behavior of Xylocopa sulcatipes (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abraham Hefetz

    1983-01-01

    Males of the carpenter bee,Xylocopa sulcatipes, establish and defend territories which they mark with the secretions of their mandibular glands. Chemical analysis of the glandular blend revealed that it is composed of guaiacol,p-cresol, and vanillin. Territorial males recognize other intruding males either by sight or by the odor emitted from their mandibular glands. They chase the intruder out of the

  19. Assessment of bifid and trifid mandibular canals using cone-beam computed tomography

    PubMed Central

    Rashsuren, Oyuntugs; Choi, Jin-Woo; Han, Won-Jeong

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To investigate the prevalence of bifid and trifid mandibular canals using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, and to measure their length, diameter, and angle. Materials and Methods CBCT images of 500 patients, involving 755 hemi-mandibles, were used for this study. The presence and type of bifid mandibular canal was evaluated according to a modified classification of Naitoh et al. Prevalence rates were determined according to age group, gender, and type. Further, their diameter, length, and angles were measured using PACSPLUS Viewer and ImageJ 1.46r. Statistical analysis with chi-squared and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests was performed. Results Bifid and trifid mandibular canals were found in 22.6% of the 500 patients and 16.2% of the 755 sides. There was no significant difference between genders and among age groups. The retromolar canal type accounted for 71.3% of the identified canals; the dental canal type, 18.8%; the forward canal type, 4.1%; and the trifid canal type, 5.8%. Interestingly, seven cases of the trifid canal type, which has been rarely reported, were observed. The mean diameter of the bifid and trifid mandibular canals was 2.2 mm and that of the main mandibular canal was 4.3 mm. Their mean length was 16.9 mm; the mean superior angle was 149.2°, and the mean inferior angle was 37.7°. Conclusion Bifid and trifid mandibular canals in the Korean population were observed at a relatively high rate through a CBCT evaluation, and the most common type was the retromolar canal. CBCT is suggested for a detailed evaluation of bifid and trifid mandibular canals before mandibular surgery. PMID:25279344

  20. Multidisciplinary treatment of peripheral osteoma arising from mandibular condyle in patient presenting with facial asymmetry.

    PubMed

    Nojima, Kunihiko; Niizuma-Kosaka, Fumiko; Nishii, Yasushi; Sueishi, Kenji; Yamakura, Daiki; Ikumoto, Hideyuki; Ohata, Hitoshi; Inoue, Takashi

    2014-01-01

    While osteomas often occur in the orofacial area, it is relatively rare for one to occur in the temporomandibular joint area. Here, we report a patient who underwent multidisciplinary treatment including high condylectomy for peripheral osteoma arising in the left mandibular condyle. The patient was a 46-year-old woman with the chief complaint of facial asymmetry. Cephalometric analysis revealed skeletal anterior crossbite due to anterior deviation of the mandible, with chin deviation of 10 mm to the right. A computed tomography scan revealed bone hyperplasia in the mesiodistal and inner areas of the left mandibular condyle, which exhibited outward anterior displacement. Bone scintigraphy showed a circular area of strong radioisotope accumulation with indistinct boundaries, consistent with the lesion in the left mandibular condyle. The above findings led to a diagnosis of skeletal mandibular prognathism with facial asymmetry due to peripheral osteoma originating in the left mandibular condyle. After orthodontic treatment and surgical resection of the tumor and mandibular condyle, preservation and prosthetic treatment were undertaken. A well-balanced facial appearance and good occlusion were achieved. PMID:24717929

  1. The identification of a novel locus for mandibular prognathism in the Han Chinese population.

    PubMed

    Li, Q; Li, X; Zhang, F; Chen, F

    2011-01-01

    Mandibular prognathism is a common dentofacial phenotype with a substantial genetic component; however, few susceptibility loci have been mapped. Ethnicity is a risk factor for mandibular prognathism, and a relatively high prevalence is observed in Asian populations. The hypothesis of this study suggested that a specific locus for mandibular prognathism exists in the Han Chinese population. So, the authors studied a Han Chinese pedigree in which mandibular prognathism was inherited (11 affected, 10 unaffected) in an autosomal dominant pattern. A genomewide linkage scan was performed with the Illumina Linkage-12 DNA Analysis Kit. Multipoint parametric and nonparametric linkage analyses were performed with MERLIN 1.01. A susceptibility locus was identified on chromosome 14q24.3-31.2, with a nonparametric linkage score of 11.341 (empirical P = .020) and a logarithm of the odds score of 2.032 (empirical P = .008). Haplotype analysis refined the candidate locus to a 10.62-cM interval (72.42 to 83.14 cM; 74.57 to 84.66 Mb) between rs1468507 and rs7141857. Within this interval, the candidate functional genes are TGFB3 and LTBP2. In conclusion, the authors detected a suggestive linkage for mandibular prognathism in a Han Chinese pedigree, and this finding can be combined with previous studies to further understand the genetic basis of mandibular prognathism. PMID:21041550

  2. Preliminary optical coherence tomography investigation of the temporo-mandibular joint disc

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    M?rc?uteanu, Corina; Demjan, Enikö; Sinescu, Cosmin; Negrutiu, Meda; Motoc, Adrian; Lighezan, Rodica; Vasile, Liliana; Hughes, Mike; Bradu, Adrian; Dobre, George; Podoleanu, Adrian G.

    2010-02-01

    Aim and objectives. The morphology and position of the temporo-mandibular disc are key issues in the diagnosis and treatment of arthrogenous temporo-mandibular disorders. Magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy are used today to identify: flattening of the pars posterior of the disc, perforation and/or adhesions in the pars intermedia of the disc and disc displacements. The present study proposes the investigation of the temporo-mandibular joint disc by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Material and methods. 8 human temporo-mandibular joint discs were harvested from dead subjects, under 40 year of age, and conserved in formalin. They had a normal morphology, with a thicker pars posterior (2,6 mm on the average) and a thinner pars intermedia (1mm on the average). We investigated the disc samples using two different OCT systems: an en-face OCT (time domain (TD)-OCT) system, working at 1300 nm (C-scan and B-scan mode) and a spectral OCT system (a Fourier domain (FD)-OCT) system , working at 840 nm (B-scan mode). Results. The OCT investigation of the temporo-mandibular joint discs revealed a homogeneous microstructure. The longer wavelength of the TD-OCT offers a higher penetration depth (2,5 mm in air), which is important for the analysis of the pars posterior, while the FD-OCT is much faster. Conclusions: OCT is a promising imaging method for the microstructural characterization of the temporo-mandibular disc.

  3. Oral bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws in dental implant patients: a case series.

    PubMed

    López-Cedrún, J L; Sanromán, J F; García, A; Peñarrocha, M; Feijoo, J F; Limeres, J; Diz, P

    2013-12-01

    Bisphosphonates have been associated with a serious adverse reaction known as bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ). The aim of this study was to describe its clinical characteristics in patients with dental implants who were taking bisphosphonates orally. We made a retrospective multicentre study in 3 hospitals in Galicia, Spain. The medical records and clinical and radiological follow-up of the oral cavity were reviewed for those patients given bisphosphonates and diagnosed with BRONJ after the placement of dental implants within the previous 3 years. The series comprised 9 white patients (mean age 66 years). The bisphosphonates were alendronate (n=6), ibandronate (n=2), and risedronate (n=1), and the most common indication was osteoporosis (n=7). The mean interval between the initiation of treatment and the onset of BRONJ lesions was 60 months. Most of the lesions were located around the mandibular implants (n=8). The mean interval between placement of dental implants and the onset of BRONJ was 34 (range 1-96) months. After treatment 7/9 patients recovered completely. The prevalence of BRONJ secondary to treatment with bisphosphonates taken orally after placement of dental implants may be higher than expected in a particular geographical region, but to date specific risk factors have not been identified. Clinical characteristics and the outcomes of treatment of lesions are similar to those seen in patients with BRONJ that is unrelated to placement of dental implants. PMID:23866309

  4. Considerations of mandibular angle fractures during and after surgery for removal of third molars: a review of the literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic; Antônio Luís Neto Custódio

    2010-01-01

    Background  Angle fractures are quite common considering that the angle of the mandible forms an area of lower resistance which contains\\u000a a thicker upper border, a thin basilar bone, and the presence of an impacted mandibular third molar. Common complications\\u000a of mandibular third molar surgery include alveolar osteitis (dry socket), secondary infection, nerve dysfunction, and hemorrhage.\\u000a Reports of mandibular fracture during

  5. Enlargement of mandibular canal without hypesthesia caused by extranodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphomaA case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tetsushi Yamada; Yoshimasa Kitagawa; Toshiyuki Ogasawara; Sachiko Yamamoto; Yasuo Ishii; Yoshimasa Urasaki

    2000-01-01

    A rare condition of enlargement of the mandibular canal caused by an extra-nodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in a 59-year-old Japanese woman was reported. The patient had a swelling of the hard palate and protrusion of both ocular bulbs, which had been present for 10 years. A panoramic radiograph revealed that the right mandibular canal was widely enlarged, extending from the mandibular

  6. Management of a fractured implant abutment screw: a clinical report.

    PubMed

    Canpolat, Ceyhun; Ozkurt-Kayahan, Zeynep; Kazazo?lu, Ender

    2014-07-01

    In an abutment screw fracture, it is generally a challenge for the clinician to remove fractured fragments. In some cases, the screw cannot be removed, and alternative solutions should be considered. This clinical report describes the replacement of a ball attachment with a fractured screw, which was impossible to retrieve, with a cast dowel with ball attachment. The patient who presented to the Department of Prosthodontics, Yeditepe University, Faculty of Dentistry was a 65-year-old woman, wearing a mandibular complete denture supported by two implants for 4 years. She complained about the loss of retention of the denture because of the fractured abutment screw, and it was found that another dentist had previously tried to retrieve the fractured screw with no success. It was decided to construct a cast dowel with ball attachment to improve retention without sacrificing the implant. The interior of the implant and the fractured screw were machined with a rotating instrument. An impression was taken with a metal strip and silicone-based materials. In the laboratory, a stone die was generated from the impression, and a custom-made cast dowel with ball attachment was constructed. It was then cemented with glass ionomer cement and connected to the denture with the direct method. The alternative procedure described in this clinical report was successful for the removal of the fractured abutment screw and use of the existing denture. PMID:24393481

  7. Rationale for tilted implants: FEA considerations and clinical reports.

    PubMed

    DE Vico, G; Bonino, M; Spinelli, D; Schiavetti, R; Sannino, G; Pozzi, A; Ottria, L

    2011-07-01

    The prevalence of the elderly population, as well as life expectancy, increased in the final decades of the 20th century, as described in the World Health Organization 2004 Annual Report. The edentulous condition therefore has a negative impact on the oral health-related quality of life. Patients wearing complete dentures for many years infact, and especially in the mandible, are often unsatisfied because of the instability of the prosthesis during speaking and eating. To date dental implant treatment is well documented as a predictable treatment for partial or complete edentulism. On the other hand the rehabilitation of atrophied edentulous arches with endosseous implants (> 10 mm) in the posterior regions is often associated with anatomic problems such as bone resorption, poor bone quality, mandibular canal, and the presence of maxillary sinuses. Different procedures have been proposed to overcome these anatomic limitations. The use of tilted implants parallel to the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus or the mental foramen/inferior alveolar nerve has been proposed as a conservative solution for the treatment of the atrophic edentulous maxilla. Aim of this study was to describe, through a detailed literature review, the clinical and biomechanical rationale for tilting implants and to evaluate the long-term prognosis of immediately loaded full fixed prostheses for the treatment of edentulous patients (#35) with extreme bone atrophy rehabilited with both axial (#70) and tilted (#70) implants from 2008 to 2010. The results of the present study would suggest that this new surgical technique may reduce patient morbidity and extend the indications for immediate loading full fixed rehabilitations. This improves the predictability of treatment goal, allows for a better risk management, and provides more individual information for the patient. These are the most important aspects of this technology, which may contribute to establish higher-quality standards in implantology. PMID:23277870

  8. Ion implantation method

    SciTech Connect

    Takigawa, T.; Sasaki, I.

    1984-11-06

    An ion implantation method is provided which uses an ion implantation apparatus which is capable of focusing an ion beam into a spot having a diameter smaller than the size of a region into which ions are to be implanted. The ion dose is varied in accordance with the gate region, source and drain regions, and the field region of a semiconductor device including a transistor having short gate length and width.

  9. Biomechanical influence of crown-to-implant ratio on stress distribution over internal hexagon short implant: 3-D finite element analysis with statistical test.

    PubMed

    Ramos Verri, Fellippo; Santiago Junior, Joel Ferreira; de Faria Almeida, Daniel Augusto; de Oliveira, Guilherme Bérgamo Brandão; de Souza Batista, Victor Eduardo; Marques Honório, Heitor; Noritomi, Pedro Yoshito; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza

    2015-01-01

    The study of short implants is relevant to the biomechanics of dental implants, and research on crown increase has implications for the daily clinic. The aim of this study was to analyze the biomechanical interactions of a singular implant-supported prosthesis of different crown heights under vertical and oblique force, using the 3-D finite element method. Six 3-D models were designed with Invesalius 3.0, Rhinoceros 3D 4.0, and Solidworks 2010 software. Each model was constructed with a mandibular segment of bone block, including an implant supporting a screwed metal-ceramic crown. The crown height was set at 10, 12.5, and 15 mm. The applied force was 200 N (axial) and 100 N (oblique). We performed an ANOVA statistical test and Tukey tests; p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. The increase of crown height did not influence the stress distribution on screw prosthetic (p>0.05) under axial load. However, crown heights of 12.5 and 15 mm caused statistically significant damage to the stress distribution of screws and to the cortical bone (p<0.001) under oblique load. High crown to implant (C/I) ratio harmed microstrain distribution on bone tissue under axial and oblique loads (p<0.001). Crown increase was a possible deleterious factor to the screws and to the different regions of bone tissue. PMID:25435384

  10. Auditory brainstem implantation.

    PubMed

    Sennaroglu, Levent; Ziyal, Ibrahim

    2012-10-01

    The use of cochlear implants for selected individuals with bilateral severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss who derive limited benefit from conventional hearing aids is well established. There are situations where cochlear implantation is contraindicated. Auditory brainstem implantation (ABI) is the only solution to restore hearing when the cochlear nerve is disrupted together with pathologies where the cochlea does not provide a suitable location for cochlear implant. Labyrinthine and cochlear aplasia and cochlear nerve aplasia constitute the congenital indications for ABI. In the present review article history and development of ABI, indications, side selection criteria, surgery and audiological outcome are presented. PMID:22196501

  11. Effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 on bone regeneration and osseointegration of dental implants.

    PubMed

    Sykaras, N; Triplett, R G; Nunn, M E; Iacopino, A M; Opperman, L A

    2001-08-01

    Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) induced bone regeneration and osseointegration was evaluated in bony defects created within the hollow chamber of endosseous dental implants in 14 foxhound dogs. Bilateral extractions of mandibular premolars were performed and surgical implantation of 104 hollow cylinder implants followed after 8 weeks of healing. Experimental implants had their hollow chamber filled with 20 microg of rhBMP-2 delivered with a bovine collagen carrier, whereas the control implants had their apical chamber left empty. Dogs were followed for 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks. Histomorphometric evaluation and immunohistochemical analysis were performed. Minimal bone was regenerated at 2 weeks for both groups. At 4 weeks, bone fill averaged 23.48% for the rhBMP-2 and 5.98% for the control group (P<0.05). At 8 weeks, mean bone fill was 20.94% and 7.75% for the rhBMP-2 and the controls, respectively (P<0.05). At 12 weeks, mean bone fill was 31.39% and 24.31% for the rhBMP-2 and control implants, respectively (P>0.05). Bone-implant contact (BIC) increased for both groups over time and at 8 weeks the rhBMP-2 BIC value was 18.65% and for the control 7.22% (P<0.05). At 12 weeks, the BIC was 43.78% and 21.05% for the rhBMP-2 and the control group, respectively (P<0.05). Immunohistochemical staining for type II collagen was positive only for parts of the collagen carrier and formation of cartilaginous intermediate was not observed in any of the specimens. The results suggest that, in confined defects adjacent to dental implants, rhBMP-2 can induce bone regeneration in close apposition to the implant surface. PMID:11488863

  12. Tensile Mechanical Properties of Swine Cortical Mandibular Bone

    PubMed Central

    Brosh, Tamar; Rozitsky, Doron; Geron, Silvia; Pilo, Raphael

    2014-01-01

    Temporary orthodontic mini implants serve as anchorage devices in orthodontic treatments. Often, they are inserted in the jaw bones, between the roots of the teeth. The stability of the mini implants within the bone is one of the major factors affecting their success and, consequently, that of the orthodontic treatment. Bone mechanical properties are important for implant stability. The aim of this study was to determine the tensile properties of the alveolar and basal mandible bones in a swine model. The diametral compression test was employed to study the properties in two orthogonal directions: mesio-distal and occluso-gingival. Small cylindrical cortical bone specimens (2.6 mm diameter, 1.5 mm thickness) were obtained from 7 mandibles using a trephine drill. The sites included different locations (anterior and posterior) and aspects (buccal and lingual) for a total of 16 specimens from each mandible. The load-displacement curves were continuously monitored while loading half of the specimens in the oclluso-gingival direction and half in the mesio-distal direction. The stiffness was calculated from the linear portion of the curve. The mesio-distal direction was 31% stiffer than the occluso-gingival direction. The basal bone was 40% stiffer than the alveolar bone. The posterior zone was 46% stiffer than the anterior zone. The lingual aspect was stiffer than the buccal aspect. Although bone specimens do not behave as brittle materials, the diametral compression test can be adequately used for determining tensile behavior when only small bone specimens can be obtained. In conclusion, to obtain maximal orthodontic mini implant stability, the force components on the implants should be oriented mostly in the mesio-distal direction. PMID:25463971

  13. Morphological assessment of the anterior loop of the mandibular canal in Koreans

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Sun-Kyoung; Kim, Seog; Kang, Shin Gu; Kim, Jae Hyuk; Lim, Kyeong Ok; Hwang, Seong-Ik

    2015-01-01

    The mandibular canal divides into the mental and incisive canals at the premolar region, forms the anterior loop which crosses anterior to the mental foramen, and turns back to reach the mental foramen. The aim of this study was to elucidate the general anatomical structure of the anterior loop of the mandibular canal using morphometry. Twenty-six hemimandibles from 19 cadavers (16 males, 3 females; mean age at death, 54.4 years) were studied by meticulous dissection with the aid of a surgical microscope. The location of the anterior loop, the diameters of the mandibular, mental, and incisive canals, and their distances from bony landmarks were measured using digital calipers. The anterior loop of the mandibular canal was located 3.05±1.15 mm (mean±SD) anterior to the anterior margin of the mental foramen and 2.72±1.41 mm inferior to the superior margin of the mental foramen, and was 4.34±1.46 mm long. The diameters of the mandibular, mental, and incisive canals were 2.8±0.49, 2.63±0.64, and 2.22±0.59 mm, respectively. The distances between the inferior border of the mandible and each of these canals were 7.82±1.52, 10.11±1.27, and 9.08±1.66 mm, respectively. The anterior loop of the mandibular canal was located a mean of 3.1 mm anterior and 2.7 mm inferior to the mental foramen, and continued upward and backward into the mental canal, and forward into the incisive canal. These detailed morphological features of the anterior loop of the mandibular canal represent useful practical anatomical knowledge regarding the interforaminal region. PMID:25806125

  14. Reduced mandibular range of motion in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: predictive factors.

    PubMed

    van Bruggen, H W; Van Den Engel-Hoek, L; Steenks, M H; Bronkhorst, E M; Creugers, N H J; de Groot, I J M; Kalaykova, S I

    2015-06-01

    Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) experience negative effects upon feeding and oral health. We aimed to determine whether the mandibular range of motion in DMD is impaired and to explore predictive factors for the active maximum mouth opening (aMMO). 23 patients with DMD (mean age 16·7 ± 7·7 years) and 23 controls were assessed using a questionnaire about mandibular function and impairments. All participants underwent a clinical examination of the masticatory system, including measurement of mandibular range of motion and variables related to mandibular movements. In all patients, quantitative ultrasound of the digastric muscle and the geniohyoid muscle and the motor function measure (MFM) scale were performed. The patients were divided into early and late ambulatory stage (AS), early non-ambulatory stage (ENAS) and late non-ambulatory stage (LNAS). All mandibular movements were reduced in the patient group (P < 0·001) compared to the controls. Reduction in the aMMO (<40 mm) was found in 26% of the total patient group. LNAS patients had significantly smaller mandibular movements compared to AS and ENAS (P < 0·05). Multiple linear regression analysis for aMMO revealed a positive correlation with the body height and disease progression, with MFM total score as the strongest independent risk factor (R(2)  = 0·71). Mandibular movements in DMD are significantly reduced and become more hampered with loss of motor function, including the sitting position, arm function, and neck and head control. We suggest that measurement of the aMMO becomes a part of routine care of patients with DMD. PMID:25600935

  15. Who Is an Implant Candidate?

    MedlinePLUS

    Who Is an Implant Candidate? If you're interested in replacing a missing tooth or teeth, dental implants may be an option for you. Most people are good candidates for implants. A good candidate should have the following: Healthy ...

  16. Mathematical analysis of furcation angle in extracted mandibular molars

    PubMed Central

    James, Johnson R.; Arun, K. V.; Talwar, Avaneendra; Kumar, T. S. S.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Multi-rooted teeth with furcation involvement exhibit a poorer prognosis when compared to single rooted teeth. The furcation angle (formed by the divergent roots and the roof) may exert a considerable influence on the accessibility for both home care maintenance and instrumentation during periodontal therapy. As there are few anatomy based reports, the furcation angle has not yet been delineated. Materials and Methods: Furcation angle (FA) was mathematically evaluated in extracted mandibular first and second molar teeth, using the Computer-aided design - computer-aided manufacturing technology. Results: The furcations were divided into three groups (Group I: <30°, Group II: 30°-60°, Group III: >60°) based on the furcation angle and their prevalence. The first molar showed greater prevalence of group II FA, while second molar showed a greater prevalence of group III FA. Conclusion: Linear, two dimensional measurements may not accurately reflect the complexities of the furcation area which exhibits considerable intermolar and intramolar (buccal and lingual furcations of second molar) variation. PMID:23633776

  17. Trigeminocardiac reflexes: maxillary and mandibular variants of the oculocardiac reflex.

    PubMed

    Lang, S; Lanigan, D T; van der Wal, M

    1991-09-01

    Three case reports are presented to illustrate the existence and importance of reflex bradycardic responses that can occur during maxillofacial surgical procedures. All three patients were healthy young adults undergoing operations which did not include any manipulation of orbital structures. After the patients had been anaesthetized for some time and were haemodynamically stable, profound bradycardia or ventricular asystole occurred suddenly in response to manipulations of the bony structures of the maxilla or mandible, or dissection of, or traction on, the attached soft tissue structures. The parasympathetic supply to the face is carried in the trigeminal nerve. Alternative afferent pathways must exist via the maxillary and/or mandibular divisions, in addition to the commonly reported pathway via the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve in the classic oculocardiac reflex. The efferent arc involves the vagus, regardless of which branch of the trigeminal nerve transmits the afferent impulses. All patients undergoing maxillofacial procedures should be monitored carefully for reflex bradycardia and ventricular asystole. PMID:1914059

  18. Pacemaker implantation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

    PubMed

    Goldenberg, Gustavo; Kusniec, Jairo; Kadmon, Ehud; Golovchiner, Gregory; Zabarsky, Ronit; Nevzorov, Roman; Vaknin, Hana; Assali, Abed; Kornowski, Ran; Haim, Moti; Strasberg, Boris

    2013-11-15

    Thirty- to 35% of patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation undergo implantation of a permanent pacemaker (PPM) because of development of atrioventricular block (AVB) or development of a condition with high risk of progression to AVB. There are insufficient data regarding long-term follow-up on pacing dependency. From February 2009 to July 2011, 191 transcatheter aortic valve implantation procedures were performed at the Rabin Medical Center (125 CoreValve and 66 Edwards SAPIEN). Thirty-two patients (16.7%) received a PPM (30 with CoreValve and 2 with Edwards SAPIEN). Data from the pacemaker clinic follow-up was available in 27 patients. After a mean follow-up of 52 weeks (range, 22 to 103), only 8 (29%) of 27 patients were pacing dependent. The indication of PPM in these 8 patients was complete AVB. In conclusion, in our center, the rate of PPM implantation was 16%, which is lower than that reported in the published works. Only 29% of those patients implanted with PPM were pacemaker dependent. Further studies are necessary to define reliable predictors for long-term pacing. PMID:23998348

  19. Multichannel implantable telemetry system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fryer, T. B.; Mccutcheon, E. P.; Sandler, H.; Freund, W.

    1977-01-01

    Multiplexed biotelemetry system for animal research combines several power-saving features. Implantable sensor measures up to eight parameters simultaneously, including blood flow. Microamp transistors, switching circuits, and CMOS technology are used to lower power requirements. However, when blood flow is monitored, these measures are insufficient to reduce power enough for long-term operation from implantable primary battery.

  20. Implantable ultrasound devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vilkomerson, David; Chilipka, Thomas; Bogan, John; Blebea, John; Choudry, Rashad; Wang, John; Salvatore, Michael; Rotella, Vittorio; Soundararajan, Krishnan

    2008-03-01

    Using medical implants to wirelessly report physiological data is a technique that is rapidly growing. Ultrasound is well-suited for implants -- it requires little power and this form of radiated energy has no ill effects on the body. We report here on techniques we have developed in our experience gained in implanting over a dozen Doppler ultrasound flow-measuring implants in dogs. The goal of our implantable device is to measure flow in an arterial graft. To accomplish this, we place a Doppler transducer in the wall of a graft and an implant unit under the skin that energizes the 20 MHz Doppler transducer system, either when started by external command or by internal timetable. The implant records the digitized Doppler real and imaginary channels and transmits the data to a nearby portable computer for storage and evaluation. After outlining the overall operation of the system, we will concentrate on three areas of implant design where special techniques are required: ensuring safety, including biocompatibility to prevent the body from reacting to its invasion; powering the device, including minimizing energy used so that a small battery can provide long-life; and transmitting the data obtained.

  1. Implantable, Ingestible Electronic Thermometer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kleinberg, Leonard

    1987-01-01

    Small quartz-crystal-controlled oscillator swallowed or surgically implanted provides continuous monitoring of patient's internal temperature. Receiver placed near patient measures oscillator frequency, and temperature inferred from previously determined variation of frequency with temperature. Frequency of crystal-controlled oscillator varies with temperature. Circuit made very small and implanted or ingested to measure internal body temperature.

  2. Bone Morphometric Evaluation around Immediately Placed Implants Covered with Porcine-Derived Pericardium Membrane: An Experimental Study in Dogs

    PubMed Central

    Jimbo, Ryo; Marin, Charles; Witek, Lukasz; Suzuki, Marcelo; Tovar, Nick; Chesnoiu-Matei, Ioana; Dragan, Irina Florentina; Coelho, Paulo G.

    2012-01-01

    Objective. To investigate whether porcine-derived bioresorbable pericardium membrane coverage enhances the osseointegration around implants placed in fresh extraction sockets. Study Design. Twenty-four commercially available endosseous implants were placed in the fresh extraction sockets of the mandibular first molar of mature beagles (n = 6). On one side, implants and osteotomy sites were covered with porcine-derived bioresorbable pericardium membranes, whereas on the other side, no membranes were used. After 6 weeks, samples were retrieved and were histologically processed for histomorphometric analysis. Results. The histological observation showed that bone loss and soft tissue migration in the coronal region of the implant were evident for the control group, whereas bone fill was evident up to the neck of the implant for the membrane-covered group. Bone-to-implant contact was significantly higher for the membrane-covered group compared to the control group, 75% and 45% (P < 0.02), respectively. Conclusion. The experimental membranes proved to regenerate bone around implants placed in fresh extraction sockets without soft tissue intrusion. PMID:23227052

  3. Root Anatomy and Root Canal Configuration of Human Permanent Mandibular Premolars: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Kottoor, Jojo; Albuquerque, Denzil; Velmurugan, Natanasabapathy; Kuruvilla, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Mandibular premolars have been reported with complex anatomical aberrations, making them one of the most difficult teeth to manage endodontically. Methodology. An exhaustive search was undertaken to identify associated anatomic studies of mandibular premolars through MEDLINE/PubMed database using keywords, and a systematic review of the relevant articles was performed. Chi-square test with Yates correction was performed to assess the statistical significance of any anatomic variations between ethnicities and within populations of the same ethnicity. Documented case reports of variations in mandibular premolar anatomy were also identified and reviewed. Results. Thirty-six anatomic studies were analyzed which included 12,752 first premolars and nineteen studies assessing 6646 second premolars. A significant variation in the number of roots, root canals, and apical foramen was observed between Caucasian, Indian, Mongoloid, and Middle Eastern ethnicities.The most common anatomic variation was C-shaped canals in mandibular first premolars with highest incidence in Mongoloid populations (upto 24%) while dens invaginatus was the most common developmental anomaly. Conclusions. A systematic review of mandibular premolars based on ethnicity and geographic clusters offered enhanced analysis of the prevalence of number of roots and canals, their canal configuration, and other related anatomy. PMID:24455268

  4. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of biodegradable bone plates in the treatment of mandibular body fractures

    PubMed Central

    Elhalawany, Sherin Kamal; Tarakji, Bassel; Azzeghaiby, SN; Alzoghaibi, Ibrahim; Baroudi, Kusai; Nassani, Mohammad Zakaria

    2015-01-01

    Background: Many different systems are available for the treatment of fractures ranging from the heavy compression plates for mandibular reconstruction to low profile plates for mid-facial fixation, and are made either from stainless steel, titanium or vitallium. Recently, biodegradable, self-reinforced polylactide plates and screws have been used for the internal fixation of fractures of the mandible with good results. Aim of this study: This study evaluated clinically the biodegradable bone plates for treatment of mandibular body fracture and to evaluate bone healing during the follow-up period using digital radiography. Materials and Methods: Eight patients had been suffered from mandibular body fractures were treated using Inion CPSTM bioresorbable fixation system and the healing process were followed up using digitised panoramic radiography at first week and after 1, 3 and 6 months. Results: Clinical examination of fractured segments revealed stable fixation across the fracture sites while visual and quantitative assessment of radiograph showed healing process was comparable with results previously reported by titanium bone plates. Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation of mandibular fractures using bioresorbable fixation system with a brief period of inter-maxillary fixation have evolved to the point where the physical properties are sufficient to withstand the post-operative loads required for fracture repair of mandibular body fractures. The foreign body reaction is a major material-related problem which requires further studies. PMID:25657494

  5. Excess genistein suppresses the synthesis of extracellular matrix in female rat mandibular condylar cartilage

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Shi-bin; Xing, Xiang-hui; Dong, Guang-ying; Weng, Xi-li; Wang, Mei-qing

    2012-01-01

    Aim: To investigate the effect of excess genistein on the extracellular matrix in mandibular condylar cartilage of female rats in vivo. Methods: Female SD rats were administered through oral gavage with genistein (50 mg/kg) or placebo daily for 6 weeks. The morphological changes of temporomandibular joints were studied with HE staining. The expression of cartilage matrix compounds (aggrecan and collagen type II), estrogen-related molecules (aromatase, estradiol, ER? and ER?) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in mandibular condylar cartilage was detected using immunohistochemistry, ELISA and real-time PCR. Results: The genistein treatment significantly reduced the thickness of the posterior and middle regions of mandibular condylar cartilage, and decreased the expression of collagen type II, aggrecan and PCNA. Compared with the control group, the estradiol content and expression levels of the key estradiol-synthesizing enzyme aromatase in the genistein-treatment group were significantly decreased. The genistein treatment significantly increased the expression of ER?, but decreased the expression of ER?. Conclusion: Excess genistein suppresses extracellular matrix synthesis and chondrocytes proliferation, resulting in thinner mandibular condylar cartilage. These effects may be detrimental to the ability of mandibular condylar cartilage to adapt to mechanical loads. PMID:22705728

  6. Multiple and comminuted mandibular fractures: treatment outlines in adverse medical conditions in Iraq.

    PubMed

    Al-Assaf, Dhuha A; Maki, Mohammed H

    2007-05-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate prospectively the simple and more reliable methods in the treatment of multiple and comminuted mandibular fractures in hospitals with limited facilities and a high influx rate of trauma patients such as ours in Baghdad. One hundred patients with multiple and comminuted mandibular fractures of different severities were included in this study. Fifty-four patients were with comminuted and 46 were with multiple mandibular fractures. Eighty-eight patients had isolated mandibular fractures, and 12 had other associated facial bones fractures. Seventy-two patients were treated solely with maxillomandibular fixation. Thirteen patients were treated with different methods of internal fixation; the remainder was treated conservatively, functionally, or with different combinations of closed and open reduction methods. There was a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) for fractures healing in relation to the type, severity, and etiology of the fracture. Eighty-four patients had fractures healed to bony union, 4 ended with nonunited fractures, and 10 patients had bone loss. Four patients developed infection, thus the infection rate was 4% for all, and 2.17% and 5.56% for patients with multiple and comminuted fractures, respectively. Seventeen patients required further surgeries for facial recontouring. The results of this study underscore the efficacy of closed reduction for treating multiple and comminuted mandibular fractures in terms of its simplicity, the availability of materials and instruments, and the favorable outcomes. PMID:17538326

  7. TMJ response to mandibular advancement surgery: an overview of risk factors

    PubMed Central

    VALLADARES-NETO, José; CEVIDANES, Lucia Helena; ROCHA, Wesley Cabral; ALMEIDA, Guilherme de Araújo; de PAIVA, João Batista; RINO-NETO, José

    2014-01-01

    Objective In order to understand the conflicting information on temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pathophysiologic responses after mandibular advancement surgery, an overview of the literature was proposed with a focus on certain risk factors. Methods A literature search was carried out in the Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases in the period from January 1980 through March 2013. Various combinations of keywords related to TMJ changes [disc displacement, arthralgia, condylar resorption (CR)] and aspects of surgical intervention (fixation technique, amount of advancement) were used. A hand search of these papers was also carried out to identify additional articles. Results A total of 148 articles were considered for this overview and, although methodological troubles were common, this review identified relevant findings which the practitioner can take into consideration during treatment planning: 1- Surgery was unable to influence TMJ with preexisting displaced disc and crepitus; 2- Clicking and arthralgia were not predictable after surgery, although there was greater likelihood of improvement rather than deterioration; 3- The amount of mandibular advancement and counterclockwise rotation, and the rigidity of the fixation technique seemed to influence TMJ position and health; 4- The risk of CR increased, especially in identified high-risk cases. Conclusions Young adult females with mandibular retrognathism and increased mandibular plane angle are susceptible to painful TMJ, and are subject to less improvement after surgery and prone to CR. Furthermore, thorough evidenced-based studies are required to understand the response of the TMJ after mandibular advancement surgery. PMID:24626243

  8. Graphene for Biomedical Implants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moore, Thomas; Podila, Ramakrishna; Alexis, Frank; Rao, Apparao

    2013-03-01

    In this study, we used graphene, a one-atom thick sheet of carbon atoms, to modify the surfaces of existing implant materials to enhance both bio- and hemo-compatibility. This novel effort meets all functional criteria for a biomedical implant coating as it is chemically inert, atomically smooth and highly durable, with the potential for greatly enhancing the effectiveness of such implants. Specifically, graphene coatings on nitinol, a widely used implant and stent material, showed that graphene coated nitinol (Gr-NiTi) supports excellent smooth muscle and endothelial cell growth leading to better cell proliferation. We further determined that the serum albumin adsorption on Gr-NiTi is greater than that of fibrinogen, an important and well understood criterion for promoting a lower thrombosis rate. These hemo-and biocompatible properties and associated charge transfer mechanisms, along with high strength, chemical inertness and durability give graphene an edge over most antithrombogenic coatings for biomedical implants and devices.

  9. Clinical, esthetic, and radiographic evaluation of small-diameter (3.0-mm) implants supporting single crowns in the anterior region: a 3-year prospective study.

    PubMed

    Pieri, Francesco; Siroli, Lucia; Forlivesi, Caterina; Corinaldesi, Giuseppe

    2014-01-01

    Fifty patients underwent single-tooth replacement in the maxillary and mandibular incisor area using two-piece 3.0-mm-diameter implants. Clinical and radiographic measurements of soft and hard tissue levels and esthetic parameters (pink esthetic score/white esthetic score [PES/WES]) were assessed at 3 years. No implant failed (success rate: 100%), and facial soft tissues and marginal bone levels remained stable throughout the study period. The mean total PES/WES was high (14.1 ± 1.75), and only one implant demonstrated an unfavorable esthetic outcome (PES/WES = 10). The use of 3.0-mm-diameter implants appears to be a viable treatment procedure in the medium term for single-tooth anterior restorations with limited dimensions. PMID:25411738

  10. Root Canal Morphology of Permanent Three-rooted Mandibular First Molars: Part II—Measurement of Root Canal Curvatures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yongchun Gu; Qun Lu; Ping Wang; Longxing Ni

    2010-01-01

    IntroductionThe distolingual (DL) roots of three-rooted mandibular molars often challenge clinicians during root canal therapy. This study investigated canal curvatures in permanent three-rooted mandibular first molars by using micro–computed tomography (micro-CT) scans.

  11. A comparative evaluation of osteosynthesis with lag screws, miniplates, or Kirschner wires for mandibular condylar process fractures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tsutomu Sugiura; Kazuhiko Yamamoto; Kazuhiro Murakami; Masahito Sugimura

    2001-01-01

    Purpose: This study compared the clinical and radiologic outcomes of open treatment of mandibular condylar process fractures using lag screws, miniplates, or Kirschner wires. Patients and Methods: Open reduction and internal fixation was performed for severely displaced or dislocated mandibular condylar process fractures in 23 patients (26 fractures) using Eckelt lag screws, in 10 patients (10 fractures) using Kirschner wires,

  12. Suppression of queen rearing in European and Africanized honey bees Apis mellifera L. by synthetic queen mandibular gland pheromone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. S. Pettis; M. L. Winston; A. M. Collins

    1995-01-01

    Summary Queen rearing is suppressed in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) by pheromones, particularly the queen's mandibular gland pheromone. In this study we compared this pheromonally-based inhibition between temperate and tropically-evolved honey bees. Colonies of European and Africanized bees were exposed to synthetic queen mandibular gland pheromone (QMP) for ten days following removal of resident queens, and their queen rearing

  13. The role of queen mandibular pheromone and colony congestion in honey bee ( Apis mellifera L.) reproductive swarming (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark L. Winston; Heather A. Higo; Simon J. Colley; Tanya Pankiw; Keith N. Slessor

    1991-01-01

    The roles of honey bee queen mandibular pheromone and colony congestion in the inhibition of swarming were investigated. Two colony siz.es were used: small, congested colonies and large, uncongested colonies. Both groups of colonies were treated with various dosages of the five-component, synthetic queen mandibular pheromone in the spring, and the extent and timing of swarming were followed. Most treatment

  14. Cone-beam computed tomography study of root and canal morphology of mandibular premolars in a western Chinese population

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Traditional radiography is limited in its ability to give reliable information on the number and morphology of root canals. The application of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) provides a non-invasive three-dimensional confirmatory diagnosis as a complement to conventional radiography. The aim of this study was to evaluate the root and canal morphology of mandibular premolars in a western Chinese population using CBCT scanning. Methods The sample included 149 CBCT images comprising 178 mandibular first premolars and 178 second premolars. The tooth position, number of roots and canals, and canal configuration according to Vertucci’s classification were recorded. Results The results showed that 98% of mandibular first premolars had one root and 2% had two roots; 87.1% had one canal, 11.2% had two canals and 0.6% had three canals. The prevalence of C-shaped canals was 1.1%. All mandibular second premolars had one root; 97.2% had one canal and 2.2% had two canals. The prevalence of C-shaped canals was 0.6%. Conclusions The prevalence of multiple canals in mandibular first premolars was mainly of Type V, and mandibular second premolars had a low rate of canal variation in this western Chinese population. Root canal bifurcation occurred at the middle or apical third in most bicanal mandibular premolars. CBCT scanning can be used in the management of mandibular premolars with complex canal morphology. PMID:22817397

  15. Interdisciplinary treatment including forced extrusion and reintrusion of a traumatized mandibular incisor for a patient with Class II Division 1 skeletal open bite

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael G Arvystas; Noah Chivian

    2004-01-01

    A woman with Class II Division 1 long-face syndrome characteristics had a history of facial trauma, dentoalveolar fracture of her mandibular anterior teeth, and temporomandibular joint pain. The pretreatment apical radiograph showed a large area of external root resorption of the mesial surface of the mandibular left central incisor. To arrest the external root resorption, the mandibular left central incisor

  16. Success rate of dental implants inserted in autologous bone graft regenerated areas: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    CLEMENTINI, M.; MORLUPI, A.; AGRESTINI, C.; OTTRIA, L.

    2011-01-01

    SUMMARY Background and Aim To assess the success rate of implants placed in atrophic ridges, regenerated by means of block bone grafts harvested from iliac crest, calvaria or intraoral donor sites (mandibular ramus, chin). Methods and Materials A systematic review of all prospective and retrospective studies analyzing the success rate of implants placed simultaneously or as a second surgery following ridge augmentation by means of onlay graft technique, compared with implants placed in pristine bone, was performed. To be included, studies had to involve at least five consecutively treated patients and to report clearly specified success criteria. It was also necessary a minimum follow-up period of six months, to allow the observation of potential biological complications during function, rather than early implant failures. In order to assess the success rate of implants in terms of health of periimplant tissues, implant stability, osteointegration and bone resorption, studies reporting only the survival rate of implants, were excluded. Results From 323 potentially relevant studies, 65 full-text publications were screened and eight were identified as fulfilling the inclusion criteria. The success rate of implants placed in onlay graft regenerated ridges ranged from 72,8% to 97% after follow-up periods ranging from 6 months to 10 years, with all the studies but two, reporting a success rate higher than 84% (range 84–97%). Conclusion The obtained data demonstrated that the success rate of implants placed in regenerated areas are very similar to those obtained in case of implants placed in pristine bone, and suggested that onlay graft augmentation is a quite predictable technique to allow the placement of implants in severely atrophic areas. Despite that, the current review revealed that there are not many studies providing data on the success rate of dental implants placed in onlay graft augmented ridges and demonstrated, on average, a poor methodological quality. So randomized controlled studies adopting standardized criteria to define success and failure of implants are required and data from this review must be considered indicative. PMID:23277867

  17. Radix Entomolaris in Mandibular First Molars in Indian Population: A Review and Case Reports

    PubMed Central

    Attam, Kanika; Nawal, Ruchika Roongta; Utneja, Shivani; Talwar, Sangeeta

    2012-01-01

    Purpose. The aim of this paper is to present cases of mandibular first molars with an additional distolingual root and their management using appropriate instruments and techniques. Basic Procedures and Main Findings. Mandibular molars can sometimes present a variation called radix entomolaris, wherein the tooth has an extra root attached to its lingual aspect. This additional root may complicate the endodontic management of the tooth if it is misdiagnosed or maltreated. This paper reviews the prevalence of such cases in Indian population and reports the management of 6 such teeth. Principal Conclusions. (1) It is crucial to be familiar with variations in tooth/canal anatomy and characteristic features since such knowledge can aid location and negotiation of canals, as well as their subsequent management. (2) Accurate diagnosis and careful application of clinical endodontic skill can favorably alter the prognosis of mandibular molars with this root morphology. PMID:23125938

  18. Prosthodontic rehabilitation of patient with marginal mandibular resection using attachment supported prostheses: A clinical report

    PubMed Central

    Mundhe, Kailas; Pruthi, Gunjan; Jain, Veena

    2014-01-01

    Marginal mandibular resection to treat neoplasms leads to loss of alveolar bone and teeth at the affected side. Consequently patient suffers with poor masticatory performance and esthetic disfigurement, which we need to restore with the help of prosthodontic rehabilitation. The success of rehabilitation of these patients depends on strategic treatment planning and choice of most suitable treatment modality. In this article, case of a patient has been presented who underwent marginal mandibular resection and reported with many limiting factors like obliterated buccal and lingual sulci, attachment of lingual frenum and lower lip at the level of alveolar ridge and Macroglossia. Impression making and fabrication of a retentive prosthesis were the main challenges. Therefore, a modified impression technique was used to fabricate mandibular cast partial denture with extracoronal semi precision attachments to enhance the retention of the prosthesis. PMID:24808712

  19. Asymmetry in mesial root number and morphology in mandibular second molars: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Shetty, Shashit; Shekhar, Rhitu

    2014-01-01

    Ambiguity in the root morphology of the mandibular second molars is quite common. The most common root canal configuration is 2 roots and 3 canals, nonetheless other possibilities may still exist. The presence of accessory roots is an interesting example of anatomic root variation. While the presence of radix entomolaris or radix paramolaris is regarded as a typical clinical finding of a three-rooted mandibular second permanent molar, the occurrence of an additional mesial root is rather uncommon and represents a possibility of deviation from the regular norms. This case report describes successful endodontic management of a three-rooted mandibular second molar presenting with an unusual accessory mesial root, which was identified with the aid of multiangled radiographs and cone-beam computed tomography imaging. This article also discusses the prevalence, etiology, morphological variations, clinical approach to diagnosis, and significance of supernumerary roots in contemporary clinical dentistry. PMID:24516829

  20. Ectopic third molar in the mandibular sigmoid notch: Report of a case and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Baykul, Timuçin

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the etiopathogenesis, clinical features and surgical approaches for removal of ectopic third molars in the mandible. Methods: We report a case of an impacted mandibular third molar dislocated on mandibular sigmoid notch. 20 cases of ectopic mandibular third molars reported in the English-language literature, identified from Pubmed and Medline databases are also reviewed. Results: Among the 20 article reported in the presented study, ectopic third molars were generally located in the condylar region. The common symptoms of the clinical examination were pain, trismus, swelling, temporomandibular joint syndroms or no symptoms. Conclusions: Ectopic third molar may be asymptomatic initially with clinical manifestations, later on as adjacent structures are affected. The surgical approach must be carefully planned for the aim of choosing the more conservative technique that produces the minimum trauma to patients. Key words:Ectopic third molar, sigmoid notch, cyst.

  1. Peculiarities of Employment of Polymeric Miniplates for Mandibular Osteosynthesis: A Preliminary Study

    PubMed Central

    Vares, Yan

    2013-01-01

    Searching for new materials for bone substitution, fixation, and reconstruction is a challenging task that attracts scientists and researchers of different fields of medicine. During the last few decades, much interest has been paid to polymeric materials, polyethylene in particular. The aim of this study is to present generalizations about our own experience in the employment of polyethylene miniplates for the surgical treatment of mandibular fractures. Ninety patients with 139 uni- and bilateral mandibular fractures in different locations were involved. Treatment modalities included open reduction and internal fixation with self-made polyethylene miniplates of straight, T-shaped, Y-shaped, and X-shaped configurations and titanium screws. In 88 (97.8%) cases of surgical treatment of mandibular fractures using polymer miniplates, good anatomical and functional results were achieved. Regardless of the necessity for improvement of some mechanical properties of polyethylene, the results obtained in our clinical investigation allow us to recommend polyethylene miniplates for routine practice. PMID:24436731

  2. Prosthodontic rehabilitation of patient with marginal mandibular resection using attachment supported prostheses: A clinical report.

    PubMed

    Mundhe, Kailas; Pruthi, Gunjan; Jain, Veena

    2014-01-01

    Marginal mandibular resection to treat neoplasms leads to loss of alveolar bone and teeth at the affected side. Consequently patient suffers with poor masticatory performance and esthetic disfigurement, which we need to restore with the help of prosthodontic rehabilitation. The success of rehabilitation of these patients depends on strategic treatment planning and choice of most suitable treatment modality. In this article, case of a patient has been presented who underwent marginal mandibular resection and reported with many limiting factors like obliterated buccal and lingual sulci, attachment of lingual frenum and lower lip at the level of alveolar ridge and Macroglossia. Impression making and fabrication of a retentive prosthesis were the main challenges. Therefore, a modified impression technique was used to fabricate mandibular cast partial denture with extracoronal semi precision attachments to enhance the retention of the prosthesis. PMID:24808712

  3. Two load sharing plates fixation in mandibular condylar fractures: biomechanical basis.

    PubMed

    Parascandolo, Salvatore; Spinzia, Alessia; Parascandolo, Stefano; Piombino, Pasquale; Califano, Luigi

    2010-07-01

    Mandibular condylar fractures have a high incidence but there is no consensus regarding the best choice of osteosynthesis. From a review of the literature, it is evident that the technique used most frequently for fixation is the positioning of a single plate despite complications concerning plate fracture or screw loosening have been reported by various authors. Different studies have highlighted that the stability of osteosynthesis is correlated with the mechanical strains occurring in the condylar region, generated by the muscles of mastication. The aim of our study was, through a mandibular finite element model (FEM), to confirm this correlation and to analyse the behaviour of single and double elements of union in the fixation of mandibular subcondylar fractures. We concluded that the use of two plates provides greater stability compared with the single plate, reducing the possibility of displacement of the condylar fragment. Therefore we recommend that this technique should be adopted whenever possible. PMID:19944616

  4. Uncommon mandibular osteomyelitis in a cat caused by Nocardia africana

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Nocardiosis is an unusual infection in companion animals characterized by suppurative to pyogranulomatous lesions, localized or disseminated. Cutaneous-subcutaneous, pulmonary and systemic signs are observed in feline nocardiosis. However, osteomyelitis is a rare clinical manifestation in cats. Nocardia cyriacigeorgica (formerly N. asteroides sensu stricto), Nocardia brasiliensis, Nocardia otitidiscaviarum, and Nocardia nova are the most common pathogenic species identified in cats, based on recent molecular classification (16S rRNA gene). The present report is, to our knowledge, the first case of mandibular osteomyelitis in a cat caused by Nocardia africana, diagnosed based upon a combination of methods, including molecular techniques. Case presentation A one-year-old non-neutered female cat, raised in a rural area, was admitted to the Companion Animal Hospital-PUCPR, São José dos Pinhais, State of Paraná, Brazil, with a history a progressive facial lesion, difficulty apprehending food, loss of appetite, apathy and emaciation. Clinical examination showed fever, submandibular lymphadenitis, and a painless, 8 cm diameter mass, which was irregularly-shaped, of firm consistency, and located in the region of the left mandible. The skin around the lesion was friable, with diffuse inflammation (cellulitis), multiple draining sinuses, and exudation of serosanguinous material containing whitish “sulfur” granules. Diagnosis was based initially in clinical signs, microbiological culture, cytological, and histopathological findings, and radiographic images. Molecular sequencing of 16S rRNA of isolate allowed diagnosis of Nocardia africana. Despite supportive care and antimicrobial therapy based on in vitro susceptibility testing the animal died. Conclusion The present report describes a rare clinical case of feline osteomyelitis caused by Nocardia africana, diagnosed based upon a combination of clinical signs, microbiological culture, cytological and histopathological findings, radiographic images, and molecular methods. The use of modern molecular techniques constitutes a quick and reliable method for Nocardia species identification, and may contribute to identification to new species of Nocardia that are virulent in cats. PMID:23216681

  5. Dental Implant Systems

    PubMed Central

    Oshida, Yoshiki; Tuna, Elif B.; Aktören, Oya; Gençay, Koray

    2010-01-01

    Among various dental materials and their successful applications, a dental implant is a good example of the integrated system of science and technology involved in multiple disciplines including surface chemistry and physics, biomechanics, from macro-scale to nano-scale manufacturing technologies and surface engineering. As many other dental materials and devices, there are crucial requirements taken upon on dental implants systems, since surface of dental implants is directly in contact with vital hard/soft tissue and is subjected to chemical as well as mechanical bio-environments. Such requirements should, at least, include biological compatibility, mechanical compatibility, and morphological compatibility to surrounding vital tissues. In this review, based on carefully selected about 500 published articles, these requirements plus MRI compatibility are firstly reviewed, followed by surface texturing methods in details. Normally dental implants are placed to lost tooth/teeth location(s) in adult patients whose skeleton and bony growth have already completed. However, there are some controversial issues for placing dental implants in growing patients. This point has been, in most of dental articles, overlooked. This review, therefore, throws a deliberate sight on this point. Concluding this review, we are proposing a novel implant system that integrates materials science and up-dated surface technology to improve dental implant systems exhibiting bio- and mechano-functionalities. PMID:20480036

  6. Risk Factors and Dose-Effect Relationship for Mandibular Osteoradionecrosis in Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Ik Jae; Koom, Woong Sub [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Chang Geol, E-mail: cglee1023@yuhs.a [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Bae; Yoo, Sei Whan; Keum, Ki Chang; Kim, Gwi Eon [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Eun Chang [Department of Otolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cha, In Ho [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-11-15

    Purpose: To analyze risk factors and the dose-effect relationship for osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the mandible after radiotherapy of oral and oropharyngeal cancers. Materials and Methods: One-hundred ninety-eight patients with oral (45%) and oropharyngeal cancer (55%) who had received external radiotherapy between 1990 and 2000 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients had a dental evaluation before radiotherapy. The median radiation dose was 60 Gy (range, 16-75 Gy), and the median biologically effective dose for late effects (BED{sub late}) in bone was 114 Gy{sub 2} (range, 30-167 Gy{sub 2}). Results: The frequency of ORN was 13 patients (6.6%). Among patients with mandibular surgery, eight had ORN at the surgical site. Among patients without mandibular surgery, five patients had ORN on the molar area of the mandible. The median time to ORN was 22 months (range, 1-69 months). Univariate analysis revealed that mandibular surgery and Co-60 were significant risk factors for ORN (p = 0.01 and 0.04, respectively). In multivariate analysis, mandibular surgery was the most important factor (p = 0.001). High radiation doses over BED 102.6 Gy{sub 2} (conventional dose of 54 Gy at 1.8 Gy/fraction) were also a significant factor for ORN (p = 0.008) and showed a positive dose-effect relationship in logistic regression (p = 0.04) for patients who had undergone mandibular surgery. Conclusions: Mandibular surgery was the most significant risk factor for ORN of mandible in oral and oropharyngeal cancers patients. A BED of 102.6 Gy{sub 2} or higher to the mandible also significantly increases the risk of ORN.

  7. Functional and morphological correlates of mandibular symphyseal form in a living human sample.

    PubMed

    Holton, Nathan E; Franciscus, Robert G; Ravosa, Matthew J; Southard, Thomas E

    2014-03-01

    Variation in recent human mandibular form is often thought to reflect differences in masticatory behavior associated with variation in food preparation and subsistence strategies. Nevertheless, while mandibular variation in some human comparisons appear to reflect differences in functional loading, other comparisons indicate that this relationship is not universal. This suggests that morphological variation in the mandible is influenced by other factors that may obscure the effects of loading on mandibular form. It is likely that highly strained mandibular regions, including the corpus, are influenced by well-established patterns of lower facial skeletal integration. As such, it is unclear to what degree mandibular form reflects localized stresses incurred during mastication vs. a larger set of correlated features that may influence bone distribution patterns. In this study, we examine the relationship between mandibular symphyseal bone distribution (i.e., second moments of area, cortical bone area) and masticatory force production (i.e., in vivo maximal bite force magnitude and estimated symphyseal bending forces) along with lower facial shape variation in a sample of n?=?20 living human male subjects. Our results indicate that while some aspects of symphyseal form (e.g., wishboning resistance) are significantly correlated with estimates of symphyseal bending force magnitude, others (i.e., vertical bending resistance) are more closely tied to variation in lower facial shape. This suggests that while the symphysis reflects variation in some variables related to functional loading, the complex and multifactorial influences on symphyseal form underscores the importance of exercising caution when inferring function from the mandible especially in narrow taxonomic comparisons. PMID:24264260

  8. A multiparameter implantable microstimulator SOC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chua-chin Wang; Tzung-je Lee; Yu-tzu Hsiao; U. Fat Chio; Chi-chun Huang; Jia-Jin J. Chin; Ya-hsin Hsueh

    2005-01-01

    Abstract—Various implantable microstimulators have been proposed for clinical applications in recent years. Most of the no-battery implanted de- vices can be powered by a transcutaneous magnetic coupling, which basi- cally utilizes an external transmitter coil to power and communicate with the implanted device. Small chip area and low power consumption are the keys of the implanted device. Therefore, we propose

  9. Microbiology of the Dental Implant

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Mombelli

    1993-01-01

    Longitudinal studies have shown that successful implants are colonized by a predominantly Gram-positive, facultative flora, which is established shortly after implantation. Repeated microbiological sampling in patients with clinically stable implants showed no significant shifts in the composition of this flora over five years. In patients with bone loss and pocket formation around implants, however, a significantly different flora was found:

  10. Osseointegration of Brånemark fixtures using a single-step operating technique. A preliminary prospective one-year study in the edentulous mandible.

    PubMed

    Bernard, J P; Belser, U C; Martinet, J P; Borgis, S A

    1995-06-01

    The aim of the present prospective clinical study was to analyze the feasibility of inserting Brånemark fixtures according to a one-stage procedure including transmucosal healing and to subsequently evaluate the predictability of osseointegration as well as the potential of such implants for stabilizing complete overdentures in the edentulous mandible. Five patients (2 women, 3 men), completely edentulous in the mandible and with a mean age of 60 years, volunteered for this study. Two fixtures of various length (10-20 mm) and 3.75 mm in diameter were inserted in the lower canine regions. A standard surgical procedure including a midcrestal incision was used. After the placement of the fixtures, healing abutments, which are normally used during second-stage surgery, were inserted instead of the usual cover screws. Three months after implant placement a clinical and radiographic examination was performed to confirm the presence or absence of osseointegration of the fixtures prior to exchanging the healing abutments with the spherical attachments. Finally, different clinical (Plaque Index, Bleeding Index, probing depth, Periotest mobility) and radiographic (bone loss, peri-implant radiolucency) parameters were recorded 9 months after loading of the fixtures by means of a complete mandibular overdenture, retained by two ball attachments in the canine regions. All fixtures were perfectly stable (mean Periotest values of -2) and presented favorable peri-mplant soft tissue conditions, and no patient was complaining about any particular symptom. As far as retention and stability of their implant supported overdenture was concerned, the participants without exception considered the therapeutic result as being perfectly adequate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7578782

  11. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation

    PubMed Central

    Oliemy, Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Transcatheter aortic valve implantation was developed to offer a therapeutic solution to patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who are not candidates for conventional aortic valve replacement. The improvement in transcatheter aortic valve implantation outcomes is still of concern in the areas of stroke, vascular injury, heart block, paravalvular regurgitation and valve durability. Concomitantly, the progress, both technical and in terms of material advances of transcatheter valve systems, as well as in patient selection, renders transcatheter aortic valve implantation an increasingly viable treatment for more and more patients with structural heart disease. PMID:25374670

  12. Hominid mandibular corpus shape variation and its utility for recognizing species diversity within fossil Homo.

    PubMed

    Lague, Michael R; Collard, Nicole J; Richmond, Brian G; Wood, Bernard A

    2008-12-01

    Mandibular corpora are well represented in the hominin fossil record, yet few studies have rigorously assessed the utility of mandibular corpus morphology for species recognition, particularly with respect to the linear dimensions that are most commonly available. In this study, we explored the extent to which commonly preserved mandibular corpus morphology can be used to: (i) discriminate among extant hominid taxa and (ii) support species designations among fossil specimens assigned to the genus Homo. In the first part of the study, discriminant analysis was used to test for significant differences in mandibular corpus shape at different taxonomic levels (genus, species and subspecies) among extant hominid taxa (i.e. Homo, Pan, Gorilla, Pongo). In the second part of the study, we examined shape variation among fossil mandibles assigned to Homo (including H. habilis sensu stricto, H. rudolfensis, early African H. erectus/H. ergaster, late African H. erectus, Asian H. erectus, H. heidelbergensis, H. neanderthalensis and H. sapiens). A novel randomization procedure designed for small samples (and using group 'distinctness values') was used to determine whether shape variation among the fossils is consistent with conventional taxonomy (or alternatively, whether a priori taxonomic groupings are completely random with respect to mandibular morphology). The randomization of 'distinctness values' was also used on the extant samples to assess the ability of the test to recognize known taxa. The discriminant analysis results demonstrated that, even for a relatively modest set of traditional mandibular corpus measurements, we can detect significant differences among extant hominids at the genus and species levels, and, in some cases, also at the subspecies level. Although the randomization of 'distinctness values' test is more conservative than discriminant analysis (based on comparisons with extant specimens), we were able to detect at least four distinct groups among the fossil specimens (i.e. H. sapiens, H. heidelbergensis, Asian H. erectus and a combined 'African Homo' group consisting of H. habilis sensu stricto, H. rudolfensis, early African H. erectus/H. ergaster and late African H. erectus). These four groups appear to be distinct at a level similar to, or greater than, that of modern hominid species. In addition, the mandibular corpora of H. neanderthalensis could be distinguished from those of 'African Homo', although not from those of H. sapiens, H. heidelbergensis, or the Asian H. erectus group. The results suggest that the features most commonly preserved on the hominin mandibular corpus have some taxonomic utility, although they are unlikely to be useful in generating a reliable alpha taxonomy for early African members of the genus Homo. PMID:19094183

  13. Hominid mandibular corpus shape variation and its utility for recognizing species diversity within fossil Homo

    PubMed Central

    Lague, Michael R; Collard, Nicole J; Richmond, Brian G; Wood, Bernard A

    2008-01-01

    Mandibular corpora are well represented in the hominin fossil record, yet few studies have rigorously assessed the utility of mandibular corpus morphology for species recognition, particularly with respect to the linear dimensions that are most commonly available. In this study, we explored the extent to which commonly preserved mandibular corpus morphology can be used to: (i) discriminate among extant hominid taxa and (ii) support species designations among fossil specimens assigned to the genus Homo. In the first part of the study, discriminant analysis was used to test for significant differences in mandibular corpus shape at different taxonomic levels (genus, species and subspecies) among extant hominid taxa (i.e. Homo, Pan, Gorilla, Pongo). In the second part of the study, we examined shape variation among fossil mandibles assigned to Homo(including H. habilis sensu stricto, H. rudolfensis, early African H. erectus/H. ergaster, late African H. erectus, Asian H. erectus, H. heidelbergensis, H. neanderthalensis and H. sapiens). A novel randomization procedure designed for small samples (and using group ‘distinctness values’) was used to determine whether shape variation among the fossils is consistent with conventional taxonomy (or alternatively, whether a priori taxonomic groupings are completely random with respect to mandibular morphology). The randomization of ‘distinctness values’ was also used on the extant samples to assess the ability of the test to recognize known taxa. The discriminant analysis results demonstrated that, even for a relatively modest set of traditional mandibular corpus measurements, we can detect significant differences among extant hominids at the genus and species levels, and, in some cases, also at the subspecies level. Although the randomization of ‘distinctness values’ test is more conservative than discriminant analysis (based on comparisons with extant specimens), we were able to detect at least four distinct groups among the fossil specimens (i.e. H. sapiens, H. heidelbergensis, Asian H. erectus and a combined ‘African Homo’ group consisting of H. habilis sensu stricto, H. rudolfensis, early African H. erectus/H. ergaster and late African H. erectus). These four groups appear to be distinct at a level similar to, or greater than, that of modern hominid species. In addition, the mandibular corpora of H. neanderthalensis could be distinguished from those of ‘African Homo’, although not from those of H. sapiens, H. heidelbergensis, or the Asian H. erectus group. The results suggest that the features most commonly preserved on the hominin mandibular corpus have some taxonomic utility, although they are unlikely to be useful in generating a reliable alpha taxonomy for early African members of the genus Homo. PMID:19094183

  14. Mandibular form in a rabbit model of familial nonsyndromic coronal suture synostosis.

    PubMed

    Burrows, Anne M; Cole, Theodore M; Mooney, Mark P; Smith, Timothy D; Losken, H Wolfgang; Siegel, Michael I

    2002-03-01

    Nonsyndromic coronal suture synostosis produces predictable and well-documented morphologies of the cranial vault with anteroposterior growth restrictions and mediolateral compensatory growth. The potential effects of nonsyndromic coronal suture synostosis on mandibular form are not as clear, however. This study was designed to evaluate whether coronal suture synostosis is associated with alterations in mandibular form by using a familial rabbit model of coronal suture synostosis. To assess this potential relation, the following hypothesis was tested: mandibular form in rabbits with coronal suture synostosis is significantly (P < 0.05) different from that seen in normal rabbits. The cleaned and dried mandibles of 33 adult New Zealand white rabbits were used (12 from normal rabbits, 13 from rabbits with delayed-onset synostosis, and 8 from rabbits with complete coronal suture synostosis). Seven anatomical landmarks on the mandible were located and digitized in three dimensions: anterior molar on the alveolus, posterior molar on the alveolus, coronoid process, anterior pole of the condyle, condylar process, angular process, and mandibular angle. To describe the mandibular condyle, the distance from the anterior pole to the posterior pole of the condyle was measured with digital sliding calipers, as was the distance between the medial and lateral poles. A shape ratio was then created using the dividend of these sums. Statistical analyses of mean form differences between mandibles were executed using Euclidean distance matrix analysis. Statistical analyses of the mandibular condyle linear and shape measurements were analyzed using one-way ANOVA in the three groups. Results showed that complete coronal suture synostosis is associated with significant (P < 0.05) differences in mandibular form compared with that of normal rabbits but that mandibular form in rabbits with delayed-onset synostosis does not differ from that of normal rabbits (P > 0.05). In particular, distances involving the coronoid process in rabbits with coronal suture synostosis were significantly different, paralleling previous work in human patients with coronal synostosis. There are no intrinsic condylar linear or shape differences between any of these groups, however. The form difference noted is most likely secondary to the synostosed coronal suture and may reflect alterations in the cranial base or masticatory musculature in this rabbit model. PMID:12000881

  15. Sagittal split ramus osteotomy for aneurysmal bone cyst of the mandibular condyle.

    PubMed

    Bhandari, Amit; Sharma, Rohit; Muralidharan, Chiyyarath Gopalan

    2015-01-01

    Aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign pseudocystic osseous lesion characterized by a fibrous connective tissue stroma with cellular fibrous tissue, multinucleated giant cells, and large blood-filled spaces with no endothelial lining. The entity is uncommon in facial bones, and it rarely involves the mandibular condyle. Resection of the lesion is the most accepted treatment. The present case is the 11th reported case of aneurysmal bone cyst of the mandibular condyle in the existing literature and the first where, rather than using conventional extra oral approach, sagittal split ramus osteotomy was used to excise the lesion successfully with no recurrence after 3 years of follow-up. PMID:25565239

  16. Display of mandibular and maxillary anterior teeth during smiling and speech: age and sex correlations.

    PubMed

    Sackstein, Max

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to measure mandibular and maxillary anterior tooth display during smiling and speech and to evaluate correlation with age and sex. Ninety-four subjects were video recorded when smiling and when saying "ah" or "shesh." Anterior tooth display was measured using individual video frames. Average mandibular and maxillary anterior tooth display showed opposing trends. The former increased with age, had a tendency to be greater in men, and was greater during speech than during smiling. The latter decreased with age, was greater in women than in men, and was greater during smiling than during speech. Anterior dental esthetic evaluation, especially for the mandible, should include observation of speech. PMID:18546770

  17. A novel approach for treatment of mandibular deficiency with vertical growth pattern.

    PubMed

    Jamilian, Abdolreza; Showkatbakhsh, Rahman; Rad, Ali Tehrani

    2012-01-01

    This case illustrates the treatment of a 10.5-year-old girl with Class II Division I malocclusion and mandibular deficiency combined with vertical growth pattern. The patient was treated by a modified R-Appliance and extraction of upper and lower first bicuspids. Modified R-Appliance was used for 18 months followed by 17 months of Posterior bite plate, after which favorable correction of the malocclusion was observed. The SNB angle increased by 5 degrees and the IMPA decreased by 11 degrees. This case demonstrates that modified R-Appliance can be a suitable method for treatment of mandibular deficient cases with verticalgrowth pattern. PMID:22873020

  18. Mandibular movements of young adults recorded by intraorally placed light-emitting diodes.

    PubMed

    Jemt, T; Karlsson, S; Hedegård, B

    1979-12-01

    Mandibular chewing movements of 10 young adults were registered with LED. The registrations were performed manually, and the following observations were made: 1. The mean cycle duration was reduced from 1.12 seconds for cycle 1 to 0.76 second for cycle 16. 2. The duration of the opening phase appeared to be shorter than that of the closing phase. 3. The maximal vertical movement of the mandible decreased throughout the chewing period. The results obtained in this study agree with those reported by other investigators and indicate that a system using LED is suitable for analyzing the mandibular movement pattern in clinical situations. PMID:292778

  19. Anesthesia following overfilling of a root canal sealer into the mandibular canal: a case report.

    PubMed

    Köseo?lu, Banu Gürkan; Tanrikulu, Sinasi; Sübay, Rüstem Kemal; Sencer, Serra

    2006-06-01

    The surgical treatment of a case of anesthesia that occurred with the extrusion of Endomethasone root canal sealer into the mandibular canal is presented. Endomethasone is a neurotoxic root canal sealer containing paraformaldehyde and eugenol. The literature indicates immediate surgical decompression on the extrusion of Endomethasone into the mandibular canal. In our case, the decompression surgery was done 3 weeks after the endodontic mishap. The nearly complete resolution of anesthesia 4 months following the decompression surgery suggests that the neurotoxic effects of Endomethasone are still reversible after 3 weeks. PMID:16731404

  20. Effect of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell in peri-implant bone defect after immediate implant: an experiment study in beagle dogs

    PubMed Central

    Hao, Peng-Jie; Wang, Zhi-Guo; Xu, Quan-Chen; Xu, Sheng; Li, Zhuo-Ri; Yang, Pi-Shan; Liu, Zhong-Hao

    2014-01-01

    Background: For the sake of reducing post extraction resorption, getting optimal positioning of the implant and shortening treatment time, immediate implant placement following tooth extraction has been proposed as a treatment option. However, the large bone defect peri-implant has a negative influence on the process of bone healing. In this study, umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) were transplanted into the bone defect peri-implant in beagle dogs and the effect of UCMSCs on bone regeneration in peri-implant were assessed. Methods: The mandibular second, third and fourth premolars of 8 beagle dogs were extracted bilaterally. The defects in one side were filled with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and then UCMSCs were injected into the defect area, while the defects in the other side were filled with PRF only as control group. The titanium implant was placed into the distal root socket of each extracted tooth. The animals were sacrificed at week 2, 4 and 8 post operation. The bone defects adjacent to the implant which are 4 mm in height, 4 mm in the mesio-distal direction and 3.5 mm in the bucco-lingual direction were made after immediate implant. Histomorphometric analysis was performed using methylene blue-fuchsin acid staining and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining to evaluate bone regeneration. Results: The direct bone-to-implant contact (BIC) in the experiment after 4 and 8 weeks was 56.47 ± 1.18% and 76.23 ± 2.08%; and in the control group was40.79 ± 0.65% and 61.17 ± 2.79%, respectively. The percentage of newly formed bone after 2, 4 and 8 weeks was 17.60 ± 1.5%, 49.82 ± 4.02% and 67.16 ± 2.1% in experiment group; and in control group 14.30 ± 1.25%, 37.04 ± 2.29% and 58.83 ± 3.36%, respectively. These results represented significant differences statistically. Conclusion: Intra-bone marrow injection of UCMSCs can promote new bone formation. UCMSCs can be used to as excellent seed cells to repair the large defect peri-implant after immediate implant. PMID:25550923

  1. Effect of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell in peri-implant bone defect after immediate implant: an experiment study in beagle dogs

    PubMed Central

    Hao, Peng-Jie; Wang, Zhi-Guo; Xu, Quan-Chen; Xu, Sheng; Li, Zhuo-Ri; Yang, Pi-Shan; Liu, Zhong-Hao

    2014-01-01

    Background: For the sake of reducing post extraction resorption, getting optimal positioning of the implant and shortening treatment time, immediate implant placement following tooth extraction has been proposed as a treatment option. However, the large bone defect peri-implant has a negative influence on the process of bone healing. In this study, umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) were transplanted into the bone defect peri-implant inbeagle dogs and the effect of UCMSCs on bone regeneration in peri-implant were assessed. Methods: The mandibular second, third and fourth premolars of 8 beagle dogs were extracted bilaterally. The defects in one side were filled with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and then UCMSCs were injected into the defect area, while the defects in the other side were filled with PRF only as control group. The titanium implant was placed into the distal root socket of each extracted tooth. The animals were sacrificed at week 2, 4 and 8 post operative. The bone defects adjacent to the implant which are 4 mm in height, 4 mm in the mesio-distal direction and 3.5 mm in the bucco-lingual direction were made after immediate implant. Histomorphometric analysis was performed using methylene blue-fuchsin acid staining and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining to evaluate bone regeneration. Results: The direct bone-to-implant contact (BIC) in the experiment after 4 and 8 weeks was 56.47±1.18% and 76.23±2.08%; and in the control group was40.79±0.65% and 61.17±2.79%, respectively. The percentage of newly formed bone after 2, 4 and 8 weeks was 17.60±1.5%, 49.82±4.02% and 67.16±2.1% in experiment group; and in control group 14.30±1.25%, 37.04±2.29% and 58.83±3.36%, respectively. These results represented significant differences statistically. Conclusion: Intra-bone marrow injection of UCMSCs can promote new bone formation. UCMSCs can be used to as excellent seed cells to repair the large defect peri-implant after immediate implant. PMID:25550885

  2. DEALING WITH DENTAL IMPLANT FAILURES

    PubMed Central

    Levin, Liran

    2008-01-01

    An implant-supported restoration offers a predictable treatment for tooth replacement. Reported success rates for dental implants are high. Nevertheless, failures that mandate immediate implant removal do occur. The consequences of implant removal jeopardize the clinician's efforts to accomplish satisfactory function and esthetics. For the patient, this usually involves further cost and additional procedures. The aim of this paper is to describe different methods and treatment modalities to deal with dental implant failure. The main topics for discussion include identifying the failing implant, implants replacing failed implants at the exact site, and the use of other restorative options. When an implant fails, a tailor made treatment plan should be provided to each patient according to all relevant variables. Patients should be informed regarding all possible treatment modalities following implant failure and give their consent to the most appropriate treatment option for them. PMID:19089213

  3. Ion implantation at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect

    Lam, N.Q.; Leaf, G.K.

    1985-11-01

    A kinetic model has been developed to investigate the synergistic effects of radiation-enhanced diffusion, radiation-induced segregation and preferential sputtering on the spatial redistribution of implanted solutes during implantation at elevated temperatures. Sample calculations were performed for Al and Si ions implanted into Ni. With the present model, the influence of various implantation parameters on the evolution of implant concentration profiles could be examined in detail.

  4. Superelastic Orthopedic Implant Coatings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fournier, Eric; Devaney, Robert; Palmer, Matthew; Kramer, Joshua; El Khaja, Ragheb; Fonte, Matthew

    2014-07-01

    The demand for hip and knee replacement surgery is substantial and growing. Unfortunately, most joint replacement surgeries will fail within 10-25 years, thereby requiring an arduous, painful, and expensive revision surgery. To address this issue, a novel orthopedic implant coating material ("eXalt") has been developed. eXalt is comprised of super elastic nitinol wire that is knit into a three-dimensional spacer fabric structure. eXalt expands in vivo to conform to the implantation site and is porous to allow for bone ingrowth. The safety and efficacy of eXalt were evaluated through structural analysis, mechanical testing, and a rabbit implantation model. The results demonstrate that eXalt meets or exceeds the performance of current coating technologies with reduced micromotion, improved osseointegration, and stronger implant fixation in vivo.

  5. Visible Embryo: Implantation begins

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Carmen Arbona (Mouseworks)

    2006-09-08

    the page on early implantation and HCG production from a comprehensive resource of information on human development from conception to birth, designed for both medical student and interested lay people.

  6. Implant-Supported Bridge

    MedlinePLUS

    ... made by the dental lab. Porcelain-fused-to-metal bridge The restoration (the part that looks like ... porcelain attached and fused to a framework of metal. The Implant Process The time it takes to ...

  7. Implantable RFID Chips

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vikas Kumar

    Implantable RFID chips are being seen as a potential security device for the very near future with the availability of these\\u000a chips already in the marketplace. The applications are presented in a broadly positive light in their use in contexts that\\u000a range from health monitoring to emergency solutions. But there is a darker side to RFID chips: with their implantation,

  8. Sensory innervation around immediately vs. delayed loaded implants: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Huang, Yan; van Dessel, Jeroen; Martens, Wendy; Lambrichts, Ivo; Zhong, Wei-Jian; Ma, Guo-Wu; Lin, Dan; Liang, Xin; Jacobs, Reinhilde

    2015-03-01

    Although neurophysiological and psychophysical proof of osseoperception is accumulating, histomorphometric evidence for the neural mechanisms of functional compensation following immediate and delayed implant loading is still lacking. For this randomized split-mouth study, six mongrel dogs randomly received one of four treatment protocols at 36 implant-recipient sites over 16 weeks (third maxillary incisor, third and fourth mandibular premolar): immediate implant placement and immediate loading (IIP+IL); delayed implant placement and delayed loading (DIP+DL); delayed implant placement and immediate loading (DIP+IL); and natural extraction socket healing (control). Histomorphometry was performed in the peri-implant bone and soft tissues within 300?µm around the implants. Immunocytochemistry and transmission electron microscopy were used to confirm the presence of neural structures and to reveal their ultrastructural characteristics, respectively. Myelinated nerve fibres densely populated the peri-implant crestal gingival and apical regions, although they were also identified in the woven bone and in the osteons near the implant threads. Compared with the control group in the mandible, the group that received IIP+IL showed a higher innervation (in N?mm(-2), 5.94±1.12 vs. 3.15±0.63, P<0.001) and smaller fibre diameter (in µm, 1.37±0.05 vs. 1.64±0.13, P=0.016), smaller axon diameter (in µm, 0.89±0.05 vs. 1.24±0.10, P=0.009) and g-ratio (0.64±0.04 vs. 0.76±0.05, P<0.001) in the middle region around the implants. Compared with DIP+IL in the mandible, IIP+IL had a higher nerve density (in N?mm(-2), 13.23±2.54 vs. 9.64±1.86, P=0.027), greater fibre diameter (in µm, 1.32±0.02 vs. 1.20±0.04, P=0.021), greater axon diameter (in µm, 0.92±0.01 vs. 0.89±0.03, P=0.035) and lower g-ratio (0.69±0.01 vs. 0.74±0.01, P=0.033) in the apical region around the implants. It may be assumed that the treatment protocol with IIP+IL is the preferred method to allow optimized peri-implant re-innervation, but further functional measurements are still required. PMID:25214361

  9. Biomaterials in cochlear implants

    PubMed Central

    Stöver, Timo; Lenarz, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    The cochlear implant (CI) represents, for almost 25 years now, the gold standard in the treatment of children born deaf and for postlingually deafened adults. These devices thus constitute the greatest success story in the field of ‘neurobionic’ prostheses. Their (now routine) fitting in adults, and especially in young children and even babies, places exacting demands on these implants, particularly with regard to the biocompatibility of a CI’s surface components. Furthermore, certain parts of the implant face considerable mechanical challenges, such as the need for the electrode array to be flexible and resistant to breakage, and for the implant casing to be able to withstand external forces. As these implants are in the immediate vicinity of the middle-ear mucosa and of the junction to the perilymph of the cochlea, the risk exists – at least in principle – that bacteria may spread along the electrode array into the cochlea. The wide-ranging requirements made of the CI in terms of biocompatibility and the electrode mechanism mean that there is still further scope – despite the fact that CIs are already technically highly sophisticated – for ongoing improvements to the properties of these implants and their constituent materials, thus enhancing the effectiveness of these devices. This paper will therefore discuss fundamental material aspects of CIs as well as the potential for their future development. PMID:22073103

  10. An image-guided planning system for endosseous oral implants.

    PubMed

    Verstreken, K; Van Cleynenbreugel, J; Martens, K; Marchal, G; van Steenberghe, D; Suetens, P

    1998-10-01

    A preoperative planning system for oral implant surgery was developed which takes as input computed tomographies (CT's) of the jaws. Two-dimensional (2-D) reslices of these axial CT slices orthogonal to a curve following the jaw arch are computed and shown together with three-dimensional (3-D) surface rendered models of the bone and computer-aided design (CAD)-like implant models. A technique is developed for scanning and visualizing an eventual existing removable prosthesis together with the bone structures. Evaluation of the planning done with the system shows a difference between 2-D and 3-D planning methods. Validation studies measure the benefits of the 3-D approach by comparing plans made in 2-D mode only with those further adjusted using the full 3-D visualization capabilities of the system. The benefits of a 3-D approach are then evident where a prosthesis is involved in the planning. For the majority of the patients, clinically important adjustments and optimizations to the 2-D plans are made once the 3-D visualization is enabled, effectively resulting in a better plan. The alterations are related to bone quality and quantity (p < 0.05), biomechanics (p < 0.005), and esthetics (p < 0.005), and are so obvious that the 3-D plan stands out clearly (p < 0.005). The improvements often avoid complications such as mandibular nerve damage, sinus perforations, fenestrations, or dehiscences. PMID:9874310

  11. Fully Implantable Blood Pressure System: Implantation Experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. Urban; R. Ballan; H. Fassbender; P. Fuerst; T. Goettsche; B. Bender; R. Becker; W. Mokwa; H. K. Trieu; P. Osypka; R. Glocker; U. Steinseifer; T. Schmitz-Rode

    \\u000a Hypertension is an important risk factor for vascular diseases (arteriosclerosis), renal and heart insufficiency. In Germany,\\u000a approximately 10 million people suffer from hypertension. 10% of the people affected are difficult to medicate. Furthermore,\\u000a 10% of this group are candidates for long term monitoring. Therefore a fully implantable and telemetrically controlled blood\\u000a pressure system is presented to realize a comfortable long

  12. Surgical and implant-supported fixed prosthetic treatment of a patient with ectodermal dysplasia: a case report.

    PubMed

    Al-Ibrahim, Hind A; Al-Hadlaq, Solaiman M; Abduljabbar, Tariq S; Al-Hamdan, Khalid S; Abdin, Hassan A

    2012-01-01

    Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is a hereditary disorder that affects ectodermal structures. The main clinical oral manifestations of ED include oligodontia and deficient alveolar ridges. This case report presents the oral rehabilitation of a 15-year-old female patient who never received an accurate diagnosis or appropriate dental care. Treatment included a combination of surgical intervention, a maxillary tooth-supported fixed detachable telescopic prosthesis, and an implant-supported mandibular fixed partial denture. The results showed a significant improvement in the esthetics, function, and psychological status of the patient. This article stresses the importance of appropriate care in providing an acceptable quality of life for patients with ED. PMID:22229591

  13. Extraction treatment of a Class II division 2 malocclusion with mandibular posterior discrepancy and changes in stomatognathic function.

    PubMed

    Nagayama, Kunihiro; Tomonari, Hiroshi; Kitashima, Fumiaki; Miyawaki, Shouichi

    2015-03-01

    This case report describes the successful extraction treatment of a Class II division 2 malocclusion with mandibular posterior discrepancy and a congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisor on the left side. The posterior space in the mandibular arch was small, and the mandibular second molars were impacted, with distal tipping. The discrepancies in the maxillary and mandibular arches were resolved by extraction of the maxillary lateral incisor on the right side and the mandibular second premolars on both sides. The mesial movement of the mandibular first molars occurred appropriately, with the second molars moving into an upright position. A lip bumper was used with a preadjusted edgewise appliance in the maxillary dentition to reinforce molar anchorage and labial movement of the retroclined incisors. Despite the extraction treatment, a deep bite could be corrected without aggravation as a result of the lip bumper and utility arch in the mandibular dentition. Thus, an Angle Class I molar relationship and an ideal overbite were achieved. The occlusal contact area and masticatory muscle activities during maximum clenching increased after treatment. The maximum closing velocity and the maximum gape during chewing increased, and the chewing pattern changed from the chopping to grinding type. The findings in the present case suggest that the correction of a deep bite might be effective for improving stomatognathic function. PMID:24989773

  14. Root Canal Morphology of Permanent Maxillary and Mandibular Canines in Indian Population Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography

    PubMed Central

    Somalinga Amardeep, Nikhita; Raghu, Sandhya; Natanasabapathy, Velmurugan

    2014-01-01

    Aim. To investigate the root canal anatomy of single-rooted permanent maxillary and mandibular canines in an Indian population using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methodology. A total of 250 permanent maxillary canines and 250 permanent mandibular canines were selected and scanned using CBCT. The root anatomy of each tooth was evaluated for the following parameters: the pattern of the root canals, anatomic length of the crown and the root, the presence of accessory canals, the shape of the access cavity, the position of the apical foramina, root diameter, and dentin thickness of the root. Results. Majority of the teeth had a Type I canal configuration in both maxillary canines (81.6%) and mandibular canines (79.6%). In maxillary canine the other canal patterns found were Type III (11.6%), Type II (2.8%), Type V (2%), Type XIX (1.2%), and Type IV (0.8%). In mandibular canines the various other canal patterns found were Type III (13.6%), Type II (3.2%), Type V (2%), and Type XIX (1.6%). Apical foramina were laterally positioned in the majority of the teeth, 70.4% and 65.6% in maxillary and mandibular canines, respectively. 12% of the maxillary canines and 12.8% of the mandibular canines had accessory canals. Conclusion. The root canal anatomy of permanent maxillary and mandibular canines varied widely in an Indian population. PMID:24895538

  15. Root canal configuration and the prevalence of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars in an Iranian population.

    PubMed

    Rahimi, Saeed; Shahi, Shahriar; Lotfi, Mehrdad; Zand, Vahid; Abdolrahimi, Majid; Es'haghi, Reza

    2008-03-01

    A total of 139 extracted mandibular second molars were injected with India ink and demineralized. They were made clear and transparent with methyl salicylate, and the anatomy of their canals was studied. It was found that 86.3% of mandibular second molars had two roots, 9.3% had one root, and 4.3% had three roots. Ninety percent of the mesial roots of the mandibular second molars with two roots had two canals (predominantly with a type II or III configuration), and 77.5% of the distal roots of these teeth had one canal (predominantly with a type I configuration). Among the mandibular second molars, 7.2% had C-shaped canals and these configurations were seen mostly in single-rooted mandibular second molars. The results of this study indicate that mandibular second molar teeth have many variations in the number of roots and the morphology of their canals. Therefore it should not be assumed that all mandibular second molar teeth have two roots and three canals. PMID:18403877

  16. Unilateral Molariform Macrodont Mandibular Second Premolar: An Unusual Case Report in A Nonsyndromic Patient

    PubMed Central

    Chaurasia, Vishwajit Rampratap; Masamatti, Vinay Kumar; Tiwari, Samarth; Malik, Sidharath

    2014-01-01

    Macrodontia is a rare dental anomaly that refers to teeth appears larger than normal. It can be generalized or isolated macrodontia. Isolated macrodontia involving premolar is very rare. This case report presents an unusual unilateral molarifrom macrodontia of mandibular second premolar. PMID:25177648

  17. ForPeerReview A novel statistical model for mandibular helical axis analysis

    E-print Network

    Reich, Brian J.

    Reich2 , Ralph DeLong3 , Seung-Pyo Lee4 , Itaru Mizoguchi1 1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial-modeling regression, mandibular movement Correspondence: Kazuo Hayashi, D.D.S., Ph.D. Department of Orthodontics received orthodontic treatment. Maximum mouth-opening was measured by means of an opto-electronic motion

  18. Endodontic management of a mandibular second molar with radix entomolaris: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Kandaswamy, Deivanayagam; Jayaprakash, Nachimuthu

    2014-01-01

    The presence of radix entomolaris (RE) in a mandibular first molar is a common occurrence in certain ethnic groups, but the presence of RE in a mandibular second molar is a rare occurrence. In the present case, RE was identified from preoperative radiographs and confirmed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The access cavity was modified to locate the RE. Cleaning and shaping were performed with nickel-titanium rotary instruments. Obturation was completed with gutta-percha cones using AH Plus (Dentsply Detrey GmbH) as sealer. From the CBCT axial images, the RE was determined to have a Type III curvature by the De Moor classification, Type B separate RE by the Carlsen and Alexandersen classification, and radiographically, a Type i image by the Wang classification. The presence of RE in the mandibular second molar makes it essential to anticipate and treat the distolingual root canal. This case report highlights the usefulness of CBCT for assessing RE in the mandibular second molar, which can help the clinician in making a confirmatory diagnosis and assessing the morphology of the root canal. PMID:24790927

  19. Radiographic Investigation of Frequency and Degree of Canal Curvatures in Chinese Mandibular Permanent Incisors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qing-hua Zheng; Xue-dong Zhou; Ying Jiang; Tuo-qi Sun; Cheng-xia Liu; Hui Xue; Ding-ming Huang

    2009-01-01

    Accurate knowledge of root canal curvature is a critical factor in successful root canal procedures. The objective of this study was to determine the degree of root canal curvature and the frequency of curvature identified in different radiographic views in permanent incisors from a Chinese population. The curvature of canals from 299 permanent mandibular incisors was investigated by measuring the

  20. Endodontic management of a mandibular second molar with radix entomolaris: a case report.

    PubMed

    Hannah, Rosaline; Kandaswamy, Deivanayagam; Jayaprakash, Nachimuthu

    2014-05-01

    The presence of radix entomolaris (RE) in a mandibular first molar is a common occurrence in certain ethnic groups, but the presence of RE in a mandibular second molar is a rare occurrence. In the present case, RE was identified from preoperative radiographs and confirmed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The access cavity was modified to locate the RE. Cleaning and shaping were performed with nickel-titanium rotary instruments. Obturation was completed with gutta-percha cones using AH Plus (Dentsply Detrey GmbH) as sealer. From the CBCT axial images, the RE was determined to have a Type III curvature by the De Moor classification, Type B separate RE by the Carlsen and Alexandersen classification, and radiographically, a Type i image by the Wang classification. The presence of RE in the mandibular second molar makes it essential to anticipate and treat the distolingual root canal. This case report highlights the usefulness of CBCT for assessing RE in the mandibular second molar, which can help the clinician in making a confirmatory diagnosis and assessing the morphology of the root canal. PMID:24790927

  1. MANDIBULAR REPATTERNING RESULTS FROM IN UTERO ANTAGONISM OF ENDOTHELIN RECEPTORS IN MICE

    EPA Science Inventory

    BRANNEN, K.C.1,2, E.S. HUNTER1,2, M.B. ROSEN2, and J.M. ROGERS1,2. 1Curriculum in Toxicology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; 2Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. Mandibular repatte...

  2. Use of ultrasound to assess healing of a mandibular distraction wound

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Troulis; Mary Jane O'Neill; Leonard B. Kaban

    2002-01-01

    Purpose: A standardized, noninvasive technique to assess healing of the mandibular distraction wound is not available. Current methods include clinical examination, plain radiography, and computed tomography. These imaging techniques are expensive and obligate the patient to serial radiation exposure. In addition, anatomic overlap and metal artifacts may obscure the distraction gap. In contrast, ultrasound has been shown to be a

  3. Temporary uniocular blindness and ophthalmoplegia associated with a mandibular block injection. A case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary J. Wilkie

    2000-01-01

    A mandibular block injection produced temporary uniocular blindness, total ophthalmoplegia, m y d r i a s i s , and ptosis of the eyelid, with diplopia developing as the sight returned. These effects lasted 25-30 minutes. The explanation offered as to the cause of the anaesthetic phenomenon is an intra-arterial injection into the maxillary artery with backflow of anaesthetic

  4. Changes of mandibular ramal height, during growth in unilateral hemifacial microsomia patients and unaffected controls.

    PubMed

    Ongkosuwito, E M; van Vooren, J; van Neck, J W; Wattel, E; Wolvius, E B; van Adrichem, L N; Kuijpers-Jagtman, A M

    2013-03-01

    The aim of this study was to design mandibular ramal height growth curves for patients with HFM and compare those with the curves for a Dutch reference population. Two hundred fifty-one pre-operative orthopantomograms (OPTs) from 84 patients with unilateral HFM were used in conjunction with a control set of 2260 OPTs from 329 healthy individuals from the Nijmegen Growth Study (NGS) to determine mandibular ramal distances. For grades I/IIa and IIb/III, and for both sides, growth curves were constructed for mandibular ramal height with a linear curve-fitting procedure. This procedure revealed a significant difference between HFM patients and the NGS control group (p < 0.001); both in the mild and severe group mandibular ramal height differed significantly between the affected and non-affected side (p < 0.001). Growth was similar between HFM patients and the NGS control group. HFM patients therefore start with a smaller mandible and end with a smaller mandible, but experience growth similar to the Dutch normal population. These growth curves may aid the timing and determination of the combined surgical orthodontic treatment plan for HFM patients. PMID:22789870

  5. Prevalencia de fracturas mandibulares en el Hospital General de Medellín. Un estudio prospectivo. 2006 - 2007

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mariluz Velásquez; Gustavo Ortiz

    Introduction and Objetives: The maxillofacial trauma is urgency treated daily of a multidisciplinary way; the most affected area is the jaw. The objective of this study was to describe the frequency and distribution of mandibular fractures treated by the Maxillofacial Surgery Department at the Medellin General Hospital during 2006. Materials and methods: A prospective descriptive study was carried out with

  6. The relationship of the lingual nerve to the mandibular third molar region: An anatomic study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Anthony Pogrel; Andrew Renaut; Brian Schmidt; Awnie Ammar

    1995-01-01

    Purpose: This study evaluated the relationship of the mandibular third molar to the lingual nerve.Materials and Methods: An anatomic dissection of the lingual nerve in the third molar region was done on 20 cadavers (40 sides).Results: The position of the nerve on one side bore no statistical relationship to the position of the nerve on the opposite side. The position

  7. Sensory impairment of the lingual and inferior alveolar nerves following removal of impacted mandibular third molars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Gülicher; K. L. Gerlach

    2001-01-01

    Abstract.In a prospective study 1106 impacted mandibular third molars were removed from 687 patients. Clinical, radiographic, and surgical factors were recorded. Postoperatively, we examined the modalities of common sensation in order to assess sensory deficit. The patients were followed up, until complete restitution occurred, or, if the sensibility failed to recover, for at least 6 months. A total of 3.6%

  8. Material properties of mandibular cortical bone in the American alligator, Alligator mississippiensis

    E-print Network

    Material properties of mandibular cortical bone in the American alligator, Alligator of cortical bone in the mandible of juvenile Alligator mississippiensis obtained by using an ultrasonic wave Alligator bone specimens obtained from the lingual and facial surfaces of 4 fresh Alligator mandibles

  9. Mandibular Motor Control During the Early Development of Speech and Nonspeech Behaviors

    PubMed Central

    Steeve, Roger W.; Moore, Christopher A.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The mandible is often portrayed as a primary structure of early babble production, but empiricists still need to specify (a) how mandibular motor control and kinematics vary among different types of multisyllabic babble, (b) whether chewing or jaw oscillation relies on a coordinative infrastructure that can be exploited for early types of multisyllables, and (c) whether the organization of motor control and associated kinematics varies across the nonspeech behaviors that are candidate motor stereotypies for speech. Method Electromyographic signals were obtained from mandibular muscle groups, and associated kinematics were measured longitudinally from a typically developing infant from 9 to 22 months during jaw oscillation, chewing, and several types of early multisyllabic babble. Results Measures of early motor control and mandibular kinematics for multisyllabic productions indicated task-dependent changes across syllable types and significant differences across babble and nonspeech behaviors. Differences in motor control were also observed across nonspeech behaviors. Conclusions Motor control for babble appears to be influenced by the balanced interaction between developing motor and linguistic systems, such that variation in linguistic complexity systematically evinces changes in motor organization apparently to meet these demands. This same effect was noted among chewing and jaw oscillation; task-dependent changes in mandibular control were noted across behaviors. PMID:19717649

  10. Endovascular Management of a Mandibular Arteriovenous Malformation in a Patient with Severe Hemophilia A

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Goetz Benndorf; Doris M. Kim; Horst Menneking; Martin Klein

    2004-01-01

    Summary: The unusual case of a mandibular arteriovenous malformation in a patient with severe hemophilia A and hepatitis C is reported. Supplementary substitution of var- ious coagulation factors allowed direct puncture and in- tralesional injection of a liquid adhesive, resulting in com- plete anatomic and clinical cure without peri- or postoperative bleeding. Replacement therapy providing normal levels of relevant coagulation

  11. Developmental origins and evolution of jaws: new interpretation of "maxillary" and "mandibular".

    PubMed

    Cerny, Robert; Lwigale, Peter; Ericsson, Rolf; Meulemans, Daniel; Epperlein, Hans-Henning; Bronner-Fraser, Marianne

    2004-12-01

    Cartilage of the vertebrate jaw is derived from cranial neural crest cells that migrate to the first pharyngeal arch and form a dorsal "maxillary" and a ventral "mandibular" condensation. It has been assumed that the former gives rise to palatoquadrate and the latter to Meckel's (mandibular) cartilage. In anamniotes, these condensations were thought to form the framework for the bones of the adult jaw and, in amniotes, appear to prefigure the maxillary and mandibular facial prominences. Here, we directly test the contributions of these neural crest condensations in axolotl and chick embryos, as representatives of anamniote and amniote vertebrate groups, using molecular and morphological markers in combination with vital dye labeling of late-migrating cranial neural crest cells. Surprisingly, we find that both palatoquadrate and Meckel's cartilage derive solely from the ventral "mandibular" condensation. In contrast, the dorsal "maxillary" condensation contributes to trabecular cartilage of the neurocranium and forms part of the frontonasal process but does not contribute to jaw joints as previously assumed. These studies reveal the morphogenetic processes by which cranial neural crest cells within the first arch build the primordia for jaw cartilages and anterior cranium. PMID:15531376

  12. An evaluation of mandibular asymmetry in adults with unilateral posterior crossbite

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian L. O'Byrn; Cyril Sadowsky; Bernard Schneider; Ellen A. BeGole

    1995-01-01

    A retrospective study was conducted to determine whether mandibular symmetry in adults with untreated unilateral posterior crossbite was different from that found in adults with untreated Class I malocclusions. Thirty adults, 18 years or older, with a unilateral posterior crossbite were compared with 30 adults exhibiting Angle Class I malocclusions. Skeletal and dental symmetry were assessed with submentovertex (SMV) radiographs,

  13. Mandibular asymmetry and condylar position in children with unilateral posterior crossbite

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter H. Lam; Cyril Sadowsky; Frank Omerza

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine if condylar position in children with functional unilateral crossbites was different from that found in children with Class I noncrossbite malocclusions and if there was a change in condylar position after correction of the crossbite by palatal expansion. Mandibular asymmetry in children with functional unilateral posterior crossbite was also compared to

  14. Risk Factors and Surgical Refinements of Postresective Mandibular Reconstruction: A Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Sakakibara, Akiko; Hashikawa, Kazunobu; Yokoo, Satoshi; Sakakibara, Shunsuke; Komori, Takahide; Tahara, Shinya

    2014-01-01

    Background. Postresective mandibular reconstruction is common in cases of oral and mandibular tumors. However, complications such as infection, plate exposure, or plate fracture can occur. We identified several significant risk factors of complications after reconstructive surgery and compared the effectiveness of different surgical techniques for reducing the incidence of complications. Methods. This study is a retrospective analysis of 28 oromandibular cancer cases that required reconstructive surgery between January 1999 and December 2011 at Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine in Japan. All cases were classified using Hashikawa's CAT and Eichner's classification methods. Then, we determined whether these classifications and different treatment or surgical methods were significantly related to complications. Results. Complications after mandibular reconstruction occurred in 10/28 patients (36%). Specifically, five patients had plate fractures, four had plate exposures, and one had an infection. Radiation therapy and closure without any flaps were significantly related to infection or plate exposure. The wrap-around technique of securing reconstruction plates was used in 14 cases, whereas the run-through technique was used in two cases. Conclusions. The success of mandibular reconstruction depends on both mechanical and biological factors, such as the location of defects, presence of occlusions, and the amount of vascularization of the flap. PMID:25228992

  15. Periodontal consequences of mandibular incisor proclination during presurgical orthodontic treatment in Class III malocclusion patients.

    PubMed

    Choi, Yoon Jeong; Chung, Chooryung J; Kim, Kyung-Ho

    2014-08-01

    Abstract Objective: To test the hypothesis that periodontal changes are similar between proclined and minimal-changed mandibular incisor position groups during presurgical orthodontic treatment for Class III orthognathic surgery. Materials and Methods: The following measurements were performed before and after presurgical orthodontic treatment of 75 patients (proclination group, 39 subjects; minimal-change group, 36 subjects): clinical crown length, sulcus and bone probing depths, and width of attached gingiva from clinical examination; infradentale-to-MP (perpendicular distance of infradentale to mandibular plane) from examination of lateral cephalograms; and the distance between the cementoenamel junction and alveolar crest from examination of periapical radiographs. Data were compared between the two groups, and a regression analysis was performed to investigate factors affecting the periodontal changes. Results: In both groups, clinical crown length and bone probing depth increased during presurgical orthodontics (P < .05). Infradentale-to-MP and the width of attached gingiva decreased more in the proclination group than in the minimal-change group (P < .05). Proclination and protrusion of the mandibular incisors, and treatment duration affected the periodontal changes. Conclusions: The null hypothesis was rejected. Proclination of the mandibular incisors for decompensation in Class III surgery patients seems to result in labial alveolar bone recession and a decrease in width of attached gingiva. However, the amount of the periodontal recession appeared to be clinically insignificant. PMID:25090134

  16. Intraosseous Epidermoid Cyst Associated with Impacted Mandibular Wisdom Teeth: An Uncommon Entity

    PubMed Central

    Akkas, Ismail; Tek, Mustafa; Ozan, Fatih; Boran, Cetin

    2014-01-01

    Epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the jaws are seen rarely. The formation theories of the intraosseous epidermoid cyst (IEC) are not clear. The radiographic appearance is similar with unilocular cysts. Surgical enucleation is the suggested treatment method for epidermoid cysts. This case report presents bilateral mandibular intraosseous epidermoid cysts with impacted wisdom teeth which is the first documented case in the literature. PMID:25177657

  17. Scuba diving with cochlear implants.

    PubMed

    Kompis, Martin; Vibert, Dominique; Senn, Pascal; Vischer, Mattheus W; Häusler, Rudolf

    2003-05-01

    We report on a patient with bilateral cochlear implants (a Med-El Combi40 and a Med-El Combi40+), as well as considerable experience in scuba diving with both of his implants. After having been exposed to 68 and 89 dives, respectively, in depths of up to 43 m, both cochlear implants are in working order and the patient continues to receive excellent speech recognition scores with both cochlear implant systems. The presented data show that scuba diving after cochlear implantation is possible over a considerable number of dives without any major negative impact on the implants. PMID:12784981

  18. Reconstruction of Mandibular Defects Using Nonvascularized Autogenous Bone Graft in Nigerians

    PubMed Central

    Ndukwe, Kizito Chioma; Aregbesola, Stephen Babatunde; Ikem, Innocent Chinedu; Ugboko, Vincent I; Adebiyi, Kehinde Emmanuel; Fatusi, Olawunmi Adedoyin; Owotade, Foluso John; Braimah, Ramat Oyebunmi

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the success rate and complications of mandibular reconstruction with nonvascularized bone graft in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Patients and Methods: A total of 25 patients who underwent reconstruction of mandibular discontinuity defects between January 2003 and February 2012, at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife constituted the study sample. Relevant information was retrieved from the patients’ records. This information include patients’ demographics (age and sex) as well as the type of mandibular defect, cause of the defect, type of mandibular resection done, source of the bone graft used, and the method of graft immobilization. Morbidity associated with the graft procedures were assessed by retrieving information on graft failures, length of hospital stay following surgery, rehabilitation device used and associated graft donor and recipient site complications. Result: There were 12 males and 13 females with a male:female ratio was 1:1.1. The age of the patients ranged from 13 to 73 years with a mean age for males 32.7 ± standard deviation (SD) 12.9 and for females 35.0 ± SD 17.1. Jaw defect was caused by resection for tumours and other jaw pathologies in 92% of cases. Complete symphyseal involvement defect was the most common defect recorded 11 (44%). Reconstruction with nonvascularized rib graft accounted for 68% of cases while iliac crest graft was used in 32% of the patients. Successful take of the grafts was recorded in 22 patients while three cases failed. Wound dehiscence (two patients) and postoperative wound infection (eight patients) were the most common complications recorded. Conclusion: The use of nonvascularized graft is still relevant in the reconstruction of large mandibular defects caused by surgical ablation of benign conditions in Nigerians. Precise surgical planning and execution, extended antibiotic therapy, and meticulous postoperative care contributed to the good outcome. PMID:25191100

  19. Soldier-Specific Modification of the Mandibular Motor Neurons in Termites

    PubMed Central

    Ishikawa, Yuki; Aonuma, Hitoshi; Miura, Toru

    2008-01-01

    Social insects exhibit a variety of caste-specific behavioral tendencies that constitute the basis of division of labor within the colony. In termites, the soldier caste display distinctive defense behaviors, such as aggressively attacking enemies with well-developed mandibles, while the other castes retreat into the colony without exhibiting any aggressive response. It is thus likely that some form of soldier-specific neuronal modification exists in termites. In this study, the authors compared the brain (cerebral ganglion) and the suboesophageal ganglion (SOG) of soldiers and pseudergates (workers) in the damp-wood termite, Hodotermopsis sjostedti. The size of the SOG was significantly larger in soldiers than in pseudergates, but no difference in brain size was apparent between castes. Furthermore, mandibular nerves were thicker in soldiers than in pseudergates. Retrograde staining revealed that the somata sizes of the mandibular motor neurons (MdMNs) in soldiers were more than twice as large as those of pseudergates. The enlargement of MdMNs was also observed in individuals treated with a juvenile hormone analogue (JHA), indicating that MdMNs become enlarged in response to juvenile hormone (JH) action during soldier differentiation. This enlargement is likely to have two functions: a behavioral function in which soldier termites will be able to defend more effectively through relatively faster and stronger mandibular movements, and a developmental function that associates with the development of soldier-specific mandibular muscle morphogenesis in termite head. The soldier-specific enlargement of mandibular motor neurons was observed in all examined species in five termite families that have different mechanisms of defense, suggesting that such neuronal modification was already present in the common ancestor of termites and is significant for soldier function. PMID:18612458

  20. Dose-dependent effects of genistein on bone homeostasis in rats' mandibular subchondral bone

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yong-qi; Xing, Xiang-hui; Wang, Hui; Weng, Xi-li; Yu, Shi-bin; Dong, Guang-ying

    2012-01-01

    Aim: To investigate the effect of genistein on bone homeostasis in mandibular subchondral bone of rats. Methods: Female SD rats were administered with genistein (10 and 50 mg/kg) or placebo by oral gavage for 6 weeks. Then the animals were sacrificed, and histomorphology and micro-structure of mandibular condyle were examined using HE staining and micro-CT analysis, respectively. The expression levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OC), osteoprotegerin (OPG), the receptor activator of nuclear factor ?B ligand (RANKL) and estrogen receptors (ERs) in mandibular condyle were detected using real-time PCR. Cultured osteoblasts were prepared from rat mandibular condyle for in in vitro study. The cells were treated with genistein (10?7 or 10?4 mol/L) for 48 h. The expression of the bone homeostasis-associated factors and estrogen receptors (ERs) was detected using real-time PCR, and ER silencing was performed. Results: At both the low- and high-doses, genistein significantly increased the bone mineral density (BMD) and bone volume, and resulted in thicker subchondral trabecular bone in vivo. In both in vivo and in vitro study, the low-dose genistein significantly increased the expression of ALP, OC and OPG, but decreased the expression of RANKL and the RANKL/OPG ratio. The high-dose genistein decreased the expression of all these bone homeostasis-associated factors. Both the low and high doses of genistein significantly increased the expression of ER?, while ER? expression was increased by the low dose genistein and decreased by the high dose genistein. ER? silencing abrogated most of the effects of genistein treatment. Conclusion: In rat mandibular condylar subchondral bone, low-dose genistein increases bone formation and inhibit bone resorption, while excess genistein inhibits both bone formation and resorption. The effects of genistein were predominantly mediated through ER?. PMID:22120966

  1. Benefits and Risks of Cochlear Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Procedures Implants and Prosthetics Cochlear Implants Benefits and Risks of Cochlear Implants What are the Benefits of ... enjoy music. [ back to top ] What are the Risks of Cochlear Implants? General Anesthesia Risks General anesthesia ...

  2. Implant-prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient with nonsyndromic oligodontia: a clinical report.

    PubMed

    Ergun, Gulfem; Cekic-Nagas, Isil

    2012-09-01

    Oligodontia is defined as the absence of 6 or more permanent teeth due to the hypodevelopment of tooth germs. This familial abnormality is attributable to various mutations or polymorphisms of genes and associated with malformative syndromes. This clinical report presents the multidisciplinary dental treatment planning for a 27-year-old woman who exhibited oligodontia. After radiographic and clinical evaluations, 7 retained primary teeth and 2 mandibular third molars were extracted. Three dental implants were placed into the maxillary alveolar process. After the osseointegration period, complete-arch fixed prostheses in both maxilla and mandible, supported by a combination of implants and teeth, were fabricated. Osseointegration of the implants, peri-implant mucosa health, and prosthesis function were assessed every 6 months. At the end of the 3-year clinical follow-up, the patient was satisfied with the esthetics, function, and phonation of her prosthesis. To attain the best esthetic and biological results, an interdisciplinary approach could be used to synergistically combine surgery and restorative dentistry for the restoration of maximal esthetics and function. PMID:21905913

  3. Current trends in dental implants

    PubMed Central

    Gaviria, Laura; Salcido, John Paul; Guda, Teja

    2014-01-01

    Tooth loss is very a very common problem; therefore, the use of dental implants is also a common practice. Although research on dental implant designs, materials and techniques has increased in the past few years and is expected to expand in the future, there is still a lot of work involved in the use of better biomaterials, implant design, surface modification and functionalization of surfaces to improve the long-term outcomes of the treatment. This paper provides a brief history and evolution of dental implants. It also describes the types of implants that have been developed, and the parameters that are presently used in the design of dental implants. Finally, it describes the trends that are employed to improve dental implant surfaces, and current technologies used for the analysis and design of the implants. PMID:24868501

  4. Ion implantation in silicate glasses

    SciTech Connect

    Arnold, G.W.

    1993-12-01

    This review examines the effects of ion implantation on the physical properties of silicate glasses, the compositional modifications that can be brought about, and the use of metal implants to form colloidal nanosize particles for increasing the nonlinear refractive index.

  5. Rehabilitation using single stage implants

    PubMed Central

    Mohamed, Jumshad B.; Sudarsan, Sabitha; Arun, K. V.; Shivakumar, B.

    2009-01-01

    Implant related prosthesis has become an integral part of rehabilitation of edentulous areas. Single stage implant placement has become popular because of its ease of use and fairly predictable results. In this paper, we present a series of cases of single stage implants being used to rehabilitate different clinical situations. All the implants placed have been successfully restored and followed up for up to one year. PMID:20376239

  6. Developmental neuroplasticity after cochlear implantation

    E-print Network

    Allen, Jont

    Developmental neuroplasticity after cochlear implantation Andrej Kral1,2 and Anu Sharma3 1. Cochlear implants bypass cochlear damage by directly stimulating the auditory nerve and brain, making, and mechanistic constraints on, sensi- tive periods for cochlear implantation and describe the effects

  7. Prosthetic failure in implant dentistry.

    PubMed

    Sadid-Zadeh, Ramtin; Kutkut, Ahmad; Kim, Hyeongil

    2015-01-01

    Although osseointegrated dental implants have become a predictable and effective modality for the treatment of single or multiple missing teeth, their use is associated with clinical complications. Such complications can be biologic, technical, mechanical, or esthetic and may compromise implant outcomes to various degrees. This article presents prosthetic complications accompanied with implant-supported single and partial fixed dental prostheses. PMID:25434566

  8. Clinical application of micro-implant anchorage in initial orthodontic retraction.

    PubMed

    Wahabuddin, Shaji; Mascarenhas, Rohan; Iqbal, Mahamad; Husain, Akhter

    2015-02-01

    Micro-implant is a device that is temporarily fixed to bone for the purpose of enhancing orthodontic anchorage either by supporting the teeth of the reactive unit or by obviating the need for the reactive unit altogether, and which is subsequently removed after use. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficiency of micro-implants in reinforcing anchorage during the initial retraction of anterior teeth, check the rate of initial retraction for 8 weeks, and assess the stability of micro-implants during this period. Eighteen micro-implants were placed (10 in the maxilla and 8 in the mandible) and immediately loaded with 200-250 g of force using 9-mm closed coil Nitinol springs. The amount of space closure was measured every 2 weeks until the eighth week. Cephalometric measurements were made at the end of the study to evaluate anchor loss, if any. Micro-implant stability was also assessed. The rate of initial retraction in the maxilla at the end of 8 weeks was 1.65 mm/quadrant and 1.51 mm/quadrant in the mandible. The amount of retraction on the left side of the arches was 1.66 mm/quadrant and 1.49 mm/quadrant on the right side. The average initial retraction for both arches per month was 0.78 mm. An anchor loss of 0.1 mm (0.06%) was observed in the maxilla while no mandibular anchor loss was recorded. The rate of initial retraction observed in the maxilla was more than that achieved in the mandible. Initial retraction was also more on the left side of the arches. There was no anchor loss in the mandible. The micro-implant-reinforced anchorage was helpful in minimizing anchor loss and accepted heavy traction forces but did not bring about a faster rate of retraction. PMID:23573806

  9. Risks of Breast Implants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... gel-filled breast implants and connective tissue disease, breast cancer, or reproductive problems. In order to rule out these and other rare complications, studies would need to be larger and longer than these ... women who undergo breast augmentation can successfully breastfeed and some cannot. Women ...

  10. Implantable Drug Dispenser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, E. R. J.

    1983-01-01

    Drugs such as insulin are injected as needed directly into bloodstream by compact implantable dispensing unit. Two vapor cavities produce opposing forces on drug-chamber diaphragm. Heaters in cavities allow control of direction and rate of motion of bellows. Dispensing capsule fitted with coil so batteries can be recharged by induction.

  11. Bone cement implantation syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. R. Lamadé; W. Friedl; B. Schmid; P. J. Meeder

    1995-01-01

    Bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) is characterised by hypotension, hypoxaemia, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest or any combination of these, leading to death in 0.6–1% of patients. One of the mechanisms suggested to explain these complications is diffuse microembolisation of the lungs as a consequence of extrusion of the bone marrow content by the pressurised bone cement. By reducing intramedullary pressure

  12. Elementary Implantable Force Sensor

    PubMed Central

    Wachs, Rebecca A.; Ellstein, David; Drazan, John; Healey, Colleen P.; Uhl, Richard L.; Connor, Kenneth A.

    2014-01-01

    Implementing implantable sensors which are robust enough to maintain long term functionality inside the body remains a significant challenge. The ideal implantable sensing system is one which is simple and robust; free from batteries, telemetry, and complex electronics. We have developed an elementary implantable sensor for orthopaedic smart implants. The sensor requires no telemetry and no batteries to communicate wirelessly. It has no on-board signal conditioning electronics. The sensor itself has no electrical connections and thus does not require a hermetic package. The sensor is an elementary L-C resonator which can function as a simple force transducer by using a solid dielectric material of known stiffness between two parallel Archimedean coils. The operating characteristics of the sensors are predicted using a simplified, lumped circuit model. We have demonstrated sensor functionality both in air and in saline. Our preliminary data indicate that the sensor can be reasonably well modeled as a lumped circuit to predict its response to loading. PMID:24883335

  13. Semiconductor Ion Implanters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    MacKinnon, Barry A.; Ruffell, John P.

    2011-06-01

    In 1953 the Raytheon CK722 transistor was priced at 7.60. Based upon this, an Intel Xeon Quad Core processor containing 820,000,000 transistors should list at 6.2 billion! Particle accelerator technology plays an important part in the remarkable story of why that Intel product can be purchased today for a few hundred dollars. Most people of the mid twentieth century would be astonished at the ubiquity of semiconductors in the products we now buy and use every day. Though relatively expensive in the nineteen fifties they now exist in a wide range of items from high-end multicore microprocessors like the Intel product to disposable items containing `only' hundreds or thousands like RFID chips and talking greeting cards. This historical development has been fueled by continuous advancement of the several individual technologies involved in the production of semiconductor devices including Ion Implantation and the charged particle beamlines at the heart of implant machines. In the course of its 40 year development, the worldwide implanter industry has reached annual sales levels around 2B, installed thousands of dedicated machines and directly employs thousands of workers. It represents in all these measures, as much and possibly more than any other industrial application of particle accelerator technology. This presentation discusses the history of implanter development. It touches on some of the people involved and on some of the developmental changes and challenges imposed as the requirements of the semiconductor industry evolved.

  14. Semiconductor Ion Implanters

    SciTech Connect

    MacKinnon, Barry A. [Isys, 2727 Walsh Ave., Suite 103, Santa Clara, CA 95051 (United States); Ruffell, John P. [Group 3, LLC, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (United States)

    2011-06-01

    In 1953 the Raytheon CK722 transistor was priced at $7.60. Based upon this, an Intel Xeon Quad Core processor containing 820,000,000 transistors should list at $6.2 billion. Particle accelerator technology plays an important part in the remarkable story of why that Intel product can be purchased today for a few hundred dollars. Most people of the mid twentieth century would be astonished at the ubiquity of semiconductors in the products we now buy and use every day. Though relatively expensive in the nineteen fifties they now exist in a wide range of items from high-end multicore microprocessors like the Intel product to disposable items containing 'only' hundreds or thousands like RFID chips and talking greeting cards. This historical development has been fueled by continuous advancement of the several individual technologies involved in the production of semiconductor devices including Ion Implantation and the charged particle beamlines at the heart of implant machines. In the course of its 40 year development, the worldwide implanter industry has reached annual sales levels around $2B, installed thousands of dedicated machines and directly employs thousands of workers. It represents in all these measures, as much and possibly more than any other industrial application of particle accelerator technology. This presentation discusses the history of implanter development. It touches on some of the people involved and on some of the developmental changes and challenges imposed as the requirements of the semiconductor industry evolved.

  15. [Cochlear implants and tinnitus].

    PubMed

    Olze, H

    2015-04-01

    The cochlear implant became a very successful method of hearing rehabilitation for patients with profound sensorineural hearing loss. The benefits of the CI extend beyond the medical success and positively influence social and psychosocial areas, reflected by an improved HRQoL. Furthermore, variety of studies demonstrated that the tinnitus severity improves in 46-95?% of cases following the cochlear implantation. However, the parameters investigated in such studies are not always standardized or addressed by validated questionnaires, which explains the high outcome variation between the studies. The relationships between HRQoL and tinnitus distress before and after cochlear implantation have not been well studied. Nevertheless, it is believed that the improvement in HRQoL following CI affects particularly tinnitus.However, an existing tinnitus can also worsen or occur for the first time after the surgery. Since neither tinnitus frequency nor tinnitus loudness correlate with the tinnitus-induced distress, the measurement of HRQoL, distress factors, stress reactions and psychiatric comorbidities appears to be the meaningful assessment of positive or negative effects of CI on tinnitus.Initial studies demonstrated that also patients with unilateral hearing loss may benefit from CI supply, as shown by an improvement in HRQoL and reduction of tinnitus-induced distress. For those patients, who despite CI implantation experience severe tinnitus, there is an option of tinnitus-specific CI-fitting and tinnitus-specific therapy with psychosomatic and psychological approaches, and- in addition- a treatment of possible mental comorbidities. PMID:25862623

  16. Ion implantation in semiconductors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James W. Mayer

    1973-01-01

    Ion implantation is being applied extensively to silicon device technology. Two principle features are utilized- 1) charge control in MOS structures for threshold shift, autoregistration, and complementary wells and 2) distribution control in microwave and bipolar structures. Another feature that has not been extensively exploited is to combine the advantages of the high resolution capabilities of electric beam pattern delineation

  17. Biodegradable Orthopedic Implants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johnna S. Temenoff; Antonios G. Mikos

    Over the past 30 years, there have been significant advances in the development of biodegradable materials [79]. In particular, these materials have received attention for use as implants to aid regeneration of orthopedic defects [49,91]. Every year more than 3.1 million orthopedic surgeries are performed in the United States alone [1]. However, although current treatments using nondegradable fixation materials have

  18. Implantable electrical device

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jhabvala, M. D. (inventor)

    1982-01-01

    A fully implantable and self contained device is disclosed composed of a flexible electrode array for surrounding damaged nerves and a signal generator for driving the electrode array with periodic electrical impulses of nanoampere magnitude to induce regeneration of the damaged nerves.

  19. Histories of cochlear implantation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stuart S. Blume

    1999-01-01

    The cochlear implant, an electronic device by means of which some totally deaf people can be provided with a form of hearing, has been increasingly used since the early 1980s. The mass media have typically presented it as an example of the remarkable success of modern technological medicine. In France and the Netherlands, the countries on which this paper focuses,

  20. Implantable intravenous access device.

    PubMed Central

    Goldsworthy, L L; Daly, H M

    1992-01-01

    The use of a fully implantable device for venous access is described in two infants with transfusion dependent haemolytic anaemia. This device is a possible improvement in the treatment of infants needing long term venous access, although doctors should be aware of the infrequent complications. Images p131-a PMID:1739327

  1. Characteristics of bony changes and tooth displacement in the mandibular cystic lesion involving the impacted third molar

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jin-Hyeok; Kim, Sung-Min; Kim, Hak-Jin; Jeon, Kug-Jin; Park, Kwang-Ho

    2014-01-01

    Objectives The purpose of this retrospective study is to find the differentiating characteristics of cystic and cystic-appearing lesions that involve the impacted mandibular third molar by analyzing panoramic radiographs and computed tomography images, and to aid the preoperative diagnosis. Materials and Methods Eighty-one patients who had a mandibular cystic or cystic-appearing lesion that involved impacted mandibular third molar and underwent cyst enucleation were included in the study. The preoperative panoramic radiograph and computed tomography findings were analyzed in accordance to the histopathologic type. Results Most of the cystic lesions containing the mandibular third molar were diagnosed as a dentigerous cyst (77.8%). The occurrence of mesio-distal displacement of the third molar was more frequent in the odontogenic keratocyst (71.4%) and in the ameloblastoma (85.7%) than in the dentigerous cyst (19.1%). Downward displacement was primarily observed in each group. Odontogenic keratocyst and ameloblastoma showed more aggressive growth pattern with higher rate of bony discontinuity and cortical bone expansion than in dentigerous cyst. Conclusion When evaluating mandibular cystic lesions involving the impacted mandibular third molar, dentigerous cyst should first be suspected. However, when the third molar displacement and cortical bone absorption are observed, then odontogenic keratocyst or ameloblastoma should be considered. PMID:25368835

  2. Lidocaine Concentration in Mandibular Bone After Subperiosteal Infiltration Anesthesia Decreases With Elevation of Periosteal Flap and Irrigation With Saline

    PubMed Central

    Ogawa, Sachie; Watanabe, Masahiro; Kawaai, Hiroyoshi; Tada, Hitoshi; Yamazaki, Shinya

    2014-01-01

    It has been reported that the action of infiltration anesthesia on the jawbone is attenuated significantly by elevation of the periosteal flap with saline irrigation in clinical studies; however, the reason is unclear. Therefore, the lidocaine concentration in mandibular bone after subperiosteal infiltration anesthesia was measured under several surgical conditions. The subjects were 48 rabbits. Infiltration anesthesia by 0.5 mL of 2% lidocaine with 1?:?80,000 epinephrine (adrenaline) was injected into the right mandibular angle and left mandibular body, respectively. Under several surgical conditions (presence or absence of periosteal flap, and presence or absence of saline irrigation), both mandibular bone samples were removed at a fixed time after subperiosteal infiltration anesthesia. The lidocaine concentration in each mandibular bone sample was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. As a result, elevation of the periosteal flap with saline irrigation significantly decreased the lidocaine concentration in the mandibular bone. It is suggested that the anesthetic in the bone was washed out by saline irrigation. Therefore, supplemental conduction and/or general anesthesia should be utilized for long operations that include elevation of the periosteal flap with saline irrigation. PMID:24932978

  3. Endodontic treatment of a mandibular first molar with 8 canals: a case report.

    PubMed

    Arora, Ankit; Acharya, Shashi Rashmi; Sharma, Padmaja

    2015-02-01

    Presented here is a case where 8 canals were located in a mandibular first molar. A patient with continuing pain in mandibular left first molar even after completion of biomechanical preparation was referred by a dentist. Following basic laws of the pulp chamber floor anatomy, 8 canals were located in three steps with 4 canals in each root. In both of the roots, 4 separate canals commenced which joined into two canals and exited as two separate foramina. At 6 mon follow-up visit, the tooth was found to be asymptomatic and revealed normal radiographic periapical area. The case stresses on the fact that understanding the laws of pulp chamber anatomy and complying with them while attempting to locate additional canals can prevent missing canals. PMID:25671216

  4. Biomechanical Response in Mandibular Bone due to Mastication Loading on 3-Unit Fixed Partial Dentures

    PubMed Central

    Field, Clarice; Li, Qing; Li, Wei; Swain, Michael

    2010-01-01

    An understanding of functional responses in oral bone is a crucial component of dental biomechanics. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential biological remodelling response during mastication on the mandibular pre- and post-insertion of a fixed partial denture (FPD). A series of three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis (FEA) models were presented pre- and postextraction to determine the biomechanical responses to masticatory loading in the anterior mandible. Equivalent strains were analysed at lingual/buccal and mesial/distal areas of the premolar to molar region and quantified to anticipate bone remodelling response. Mandibular bone incorporating an FPD experienced substantially greater stress/strain magnitudes than that prior to placement of fixed prosthodontics, which is suggestive of engagements of bone remodelling. The results suggest similar outcomes to those reported clinically. Developing a simulation reflecting the outcomes of restorative treatment can provide meaningful insight into restorative treatment planning, clinical outcomes, and fixed prosthodontics designs. PMID:20981154

  5. Sagittal osteotomy for the removal of deeply impacted mandibular molars: a presentation of series of cases.

    PubMed

    Santos, Saulo Ellery; Tavares, Rodrygo Nunes; de Moraes, Márcio; Freire-Filho, Francisco Wagner Vasconcelos

    2015-03-01

    Sagittal osteotomy was primarily described as a treatment for prognathism and retrognathia. It has been rarely reported as an option for the removal of deeply impacted tooth. The principal indication of this approach is when the tooth is deeply impacted on the mandibular ramus or body and it presents intimate relationship between its root and inferior alveolar neurovascular bundles. In this article the author related three rare cases of lower third molar included. Because of the unusual deeply position of these, the SRRO surgery technique was realized to remove them. Sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) is technically safe and allows the removal of teeth in situations of deeply impacted mandibular ramus, angle or body with minimal trauma in a short time. PMID:25838706

  6. Mandibular Exostosis in Canine with Single Tooth Recession – A Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Rachna; Kapoor, Daljit; Sujay, J

    2014-01-01

    Buccal exostoses occur along the buccal aspect of the maxilla or mandible, usually in the premolar and molar areas. It has been suggested that the bony outgrowth represents a reaction to increased or abnormal occlusal stress to the teeth in the involved areas. Gingival recessions may occur without any symptoms but may give rise to the patient concern about poor esthetics, dentine hypersensitivity, inability to perform oral hygiene procedures, and loss of the tooth. This article presents a rare case of exostosis in the mandibular right canine region and single tooth recession in the mandibular left central incisor region which was successfully managed by a combination of osseous resective surgery done to treat exostosis and lateral pedicle technique for root coverage. PMID:25214741

  7. Fusobacterium necrophorum and Actinomyces pyogenes associated facial and mandibular abscesses in blue duiker.

    PubMed

    Roeder, B L; Chengappa, M M; Lechtenberg, K F; Nagaraja, T G; Varga, G A

    1989-07-01

    Anaerobic and aerobic cultures of facial and mandibular abscesses were made from 12 blue duiker (Cephalophus monticola fusicolor) housed at the Deer and Duiker Research Facility of the Pennsylvania State University (USA). Increases in concentrations of total protein and serum globulin occurred in all cases. Actinomyces pyogenes was isolated from nine animals. Fusobacterium necrophorum was present in eight and Bacteroides sp. was found in seven animals; other genera of isolated bacteria included: Streptococcus (from two animals), Lactobacillus (one), Staphylococcus (one) and Actinomyces (two). Eight (67%) of affected animals were less than or equal to 2 yr of age. Facial soft tissues and mandibles were the tissues most often affected. Tissues within the oral cavity were not affected at the time of presentation. A common finding, not reported in other host species with necrobacillosis, was the presence of nondestructive mandibular proliferation. PMID:2761010

  8. Endodontic Retreatment of a Mandibular Second Molar with four Separate Roots: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Idris, Mohamed; Sakkir, Nasil; KJ, Nandakishore; Kini, Annapurna

    2014-01-01

    Aberrations in the root canal anatomy are a commonly occurring phenomenon. Although the mandibular second molar is commonly a bi-rooted tooth with an uncomplicated endodontic anatomy, variations have to be considered every time endodontic therapy is performed. This case report describes the non-surgical endodontic retreatment performed on a mandibular second molar with four seperate roots and canals. ProTaper Universal rotary nickel-titanium instruments (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) for treatment and retreatment were used to remove the old gutta percha and to clean and shape all root canals, followed by the complete obturation of root canal system. Post-operative CBCT scan was taken to confirm the quality of the performed treatment. PMID:24783160

  9. Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in an Edentulous Lower Jaw Patient with a Mandibular Advancement Device

    PubMed Central

    Keyf, Filiz; Çiftci, Bülent; F?rat Güven, Selma

    2014-01-01

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder with periodic reduction or cessation of airflow during sleep. It is associated with loud snoring, disrupted sleep, and witnessed apneas. Treatment of OSA varies from simple measures such as oral appliances and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to surgical procedures like uvulopalatopharyngoplasty and tracheostomy. Oral appliances are a viable nonsurgical treatment alternative in patients with OSA, of which mandibular advancement devices are most common. Edentulism which contributes to the worsening of OSA reduces the number of available therapeutic strategies and is considered a contraindication to oral appliance therapy. This clinical report describes the treatment of a 63-year-old edentulous OSA patient for whom a mandibular advancement device was designed. PMID:24551463

  10. Pediatric mandibular reconstruction after benign tumor ablation using a vascularized fibular flap.

    PubMed

    Li, Jin-song; Chen, Wei-liang; Huang, Zhi-quan; Zhang, Da-ming

    2009-03-01

    This study evaluated the aesthetic and functional outcomes of vascularized fibular flaps used for pediatric mandibular reconstruction. Six pediatric patients ranging in age from 12 to 15 years underwent mandibular reconstruction using a vascularized fibula flap with a skin paddle, after benign tumor ablation. All of the flap transfers were successful, and there were no complications. Panorex radiographs showed good bone union in all patients. The flap conferred adequate support for dental rehabilitation. The mean follow-up was 24.2 months. The aesthetic and functional outcomes were normal. No patient had recurrence. A vascularized fibular flap is a very reliable method for reconstructing the pediatric mandible after benign tumor ablation. PMID:19218857

  11. Endodontic treatment of a mandibular first molar with 8 canals: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Acharya, Shashi Rashmi; Sharma, Padmaja

    2015-01-01

    Presented here is a case where 8 canals were located in a mandibular first molar. A patient with continuing pain in mandibular left first molar even after completion of biomechanical preparation was referred by a dentist. Following basic laws of the pulp chamber floor anatomy, 8 canals were located in three steps with 4 canals in each root. In both of the roots, 4 separate canals commenced which joined into two canals and exited as two separate foramina. At 6 mon follow-up visit, the tooth was found to be asymptomatic and revealed normal radiographic periapical area. The case stresses on the fact that understanding the laws of pulp chamber anatomy and complying with them while attempting to locate additional canals can prevent missing canals. PMID:25671216

  12. EFFECT OF PONTIC FRAMEWORK DESIGN ON THE FRACTURE RESISTANCE OF IMPLANT-SUPPORTED ALL-CERAMIC FIXED PARTIAL DENTURES

    PubMed Central

    Inan, Ozgur; Secilmis, Asli; Eraslan, Oguz

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture resistance of implant-supported all-ceramic fixed partial dentures, which have three different pontic designs. Material and Methods: Two implants were placed in a metal model simulating mandibular left second premolar and mandibular left second molar. Thirty standardized 3-unit all-ceramic fixed partial dentures with biconvex, convex or concave pontic designs were fabricated using IPS e.max system (n=10). Afterwards, specimens were centrally loaded on the pontics until failure with a universal testing machine. Results were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests at 5% significance level. Results: The fracture resistance values of all-ceramic fixed partial dentures designed with biconvex, convex or concave pontics were 349.71, 438.20 and 300.78 N, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the fracture resistances of the groups (p>0.05), except for convex and concave groups (p<0.05 and p=0.009, respectively). Conclusions: Convex design showed the best mechanical properties as demonstrated by the high values of fracture resistance. PMID:19936538

  13. Evaluation of canine retraction following periodontal distraction using NiTi coil spring and implants – A clinical study

    PubMed Central

    Khanna, Rohit; Tikku, Tripti; Sachan, Kiran; Maurya, R.P.; Verma, Geeta; Ojha, Vivek

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the amount of canine retraction with periodontal distraction using miniscrew implants and NiTi coil spring. Material and method Sample comprised of 25 patients who were scheduled for all 1st premolar extraction (13 males and 12 females), in the age range of 16–22 years with mean age 18.8 ± 2.7 years. For each patient left side served as control side (Group I) and right side as experimental side (Group II). At the time of first premolar extraction, periodontal distraction was performed only on the experimental side, followed by retraction of canine from mini-implant by closed NiTi coil spring on both the sides. “Nemotech” software was used to evaluate the amount of canine retraction for a period of 3 months. Results Significantly higher amount of tooth movement was seen from T0–T1 and from T1–T2 in Group II for the maxillary parameters 3C-5C, 6CF-3C, 3C-I/3C-J and for the mandibular parameter 6CF?-3C?. Whereas no significant amount of tooth movement was observed for maxillary and mandibular parameters between T2-T3 except for 6CF?-3C? (p ? 0.01) which was significantly higher for the Group II. Conclusion There was accelerated canine retraction on the periodontal distraction side as compared to the control side, with negligible anchorage loss. PMID:25737943

  14. Mandibular changes in skeletal class II patients treated with Kloehn cervical headgear

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roberto M. A Lima Filho; Anna Letícia Lima; Antonio Carlos de Oliveira Ruellas

    2003-01-01

    This study evaluated the posttreatment and long-term anteroposterior and vertical mandibular changes in skeletal Class II Division 1 patients (ANB angle ? 5°) treated with Kloehn cervical headgear. The sample consisted of 40 patients (18 males, 22 females, average age 10.5 years at pretreatment [T1], 13.5 years at posttreatment [T2], and 23.5 years at postretention [T3]) treated with cervical traction

  15. Production and transmission of honey bee queen ( Apis mellifera L.) mandibular gland pheromone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ken Naumann; Mark L. Winston; Keith N. Slessor; Glenn D. Prestwich; Francis X. Webster

    1991-01-01

    The social cohesiveness of eusocial insect colonies is maintained primarily through the utilization of pheromones. In this study we quantitatively elucidated the production, secretion, and transmission of 9-keto2(E)-decenoic acid (9-ODA), one of the components of the mandibular gland pheromone of the honey bee queen Apis mellifera; this is the only identified primer pheromone complex in the eusocial insects. Mated queens

  16. Mandibular ramus length as an indicator of chronological age and sex.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Fernando Toledo; Soares, Mariana Quirino Silveira; Sarmento, Viviane Almeida; Rubira, Cassia Maria Fischer; Lauris, José Roberto Pereira; Rubira-Bullen, Izabel Regina Fischer

    2015-01-01

    Age and sex estimation is crucial in forensic investigations, whether in legal situations that involve living people or to identify mortal remains. The aim of this study was to establish reference values in a Brazilian population to estimate age and sex by measuring the length of the mandibular ramus on lateral cephalometric radiographs, and to determine the probability that an individual being is 18 years or older, based on the results that were obtained. Two hundred and eighteen scanned lateral cephalograms of individuals between 6 and 20 years of age (101 males and 117 females) were measured with reference to mandibular ramus length (the distance between Condylion superior (Cs) and Gonion (Go)) using ImageJ 1.41 software (NIH, Bethesda, MA, USA). The results showed that sexual dimorphism was not observed until 16 years and, based on the ramus length measurements in this sample, it is possible to predict sex with an accuracy of only 54 %. There was a positive correlation between age and ramus length (r?=?0.90; p?mandibular ramus length was not effective in discriminating sex. Mandibular length is strongly related to chronological age and can be used to predict whether an individual is 18 years or older with high degree of expected accuracy. PMID:25270589

  17. Endoscopically-assisted subcondylar and vertical ramus osteotomies for the treatment of symmetrical mandibular prognathism.

    PubMed

    González-García, Raúl

    2012-07-01

    The author describe the endoscopically-assisted intraoral vertical ramus (IVRO) and subcondylar (ISCO) osteotomies for the treatment of symmetric mandibular prognathism. The use of the saw and the bone chisel under the continuous control of the endoscope provides a safer approach since the osteotomy is controlled during the whole process. The introduction of the endoscope to provide complete visualization of the osteotomy site may overcome the traditional limitations of direct visualization in IVRO and ISCO. PMID:21885292

  18. Effect of alendronate on endochondral ossification in mandibular condyles of growing rats

    PubMed Central

    Bradaschia-Correa, V.; Barrence, F.A.C.; Ferreira, L.B.; Massa, L.F.; Arana-Chavez, V.E.

    2012-01-01

    The replacement of the calcified cartilage by bone tissue during the endochondral ossification of the mandibular condyle is dependent of the resorbing activity of osteoclats. After partial resorption, calcified cartilage septa are covered by a primary bone matrix secreted by osteoblasts. Osteoadherin (OSAD) is a small proteoglycan present in bone matrix but absent in cartilage during the endochondral ossification. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of alendronate, a drug known to inhibit bone resorption by osteoclasts, on the endochondral ossification of the mandibular condyle of young rats, by evaluating the distribution of osteoclasts and the presence of OSAD in the bone matrix deposited. Wistar newborn rats (n=45) received daily injections of alendronate (n=27) or sterile saline solution as control (n=18) from the day of birth until the ages of 4, 14 and 30 days. At the days mentioned, the mandibular condyles were collected and processed for transmission electron microscopy analysis. Specimens were also submitted to tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) histochemistry and ultrastructural immunodetection of OSAD. Alendronate treatment did not impede the recruitment and fusion of osteoclasts at the ossification zone during condyle growth, but they presented inactivated phenotype. The trabeculae at the ossification area consisted of cartilage matrix covered by a layer of primary bone matrix that was immunopositive to OSAD at all time points studied. Apparently, alendronate impeded the removal of calcified cartilage and maturation of bone trabeculae in the mandibular ramus, while in controls they occurred normally. These findings highlight for giving attention to the potential side-effects of bisphosphonates administered to young patients once it may represent a risk of disturbing maxillofacial development. PMID:22688305

  19. Tyrosine derived polycarbonate membrane is useful for guided bone regeneration in rabbit mandibular defects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. J. Asikainen; J. Noponen; K. Mesimäki; O. Laitinen; J. Peltola; M. Pelto; M. Kellomäki; N. Ashammakhi; C. Lindqvist; R. Suuronen

    2005-01-01

    Standardized bilateral through-and-through defects (12 × 6 mm) were created extraorally in the mandibular angle of 18 New Zealand White rabbits. Animals were divided in to three groups (n = 6) according to the intended healing time. On the left side, defects were covered with a poly(desaminotyrosyl-tyrosine-ethyl ester carbonate) (PDTE carbonate) membrane wrapped around the inferior border of the mandible

  20. An Unusual Case of Bilateral Maxillary and Mandibular Para Premolar: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Chanagay, Sunil Kumar Vishwanath; Singh, Vikram; Bantwal, Sunil Rao; Muniyappa, Manjunatha

    2013-01-01

    The presence of supernumerary teeth is not uncommon in the general population. They occur more frequently in patients with a family history of such teeth. It is rare to find multiple supernumeraries in individuals with no other associated disease or syndrome. There have been very few documented cases of bilateral maxillary and mandibular supernumeraries in the premolar region. An unusual case of a 35-year-old man with six para premolars and complete dentition is presented. PMID:24396358

  1. Mandibular repair in rats with premineralized silk scaffolds and BMP2-modified bMSCs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xinquan Jiang; Jun Zhao; Shaoyi Wang; Xiaojuan Sun; Xiuli Zhang; Jake Chen; David L. Kaplan; Zhiyuan Zhang

    2009-01-01

    Premineralized silk fibroin protein scaffolds (mSS) were prepared to combine the osteoconductive properties of biological apatite with aqueous-derived silk scaffold (SS) as a composite scaffold for bone regeneration. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of premineralized silk scaffolds combined with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) modified bone marrow stromal cells (bMSCs) to repair mandibular bony defects in

  2. Acute compartment syndrome following fibula flap harvest for mandibular reconstruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Siham Kerrary; Thomas Schouman; Amanda Cox; Chloe Bertolus; Guillaume Febrer; Jacques Charles Bertrand

    2011-01-01

    Donor site morbidity for free fibula osteofasciocutaneous flaps has rarely been reported in the literature. We report on a case of acute compartment syndrome (ACS) in a 22-year-old male, following fibula flap harvest for mandibular reconstruction and arising after post-ischemic reperfusion damage. Dissection during this patient’s surgery was unusually difficult. The skin defect was covered with a loose dressing while

  3. Mental nerve paresthesia associated with endodontic paste within the mandibular canal: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Poveda, Rafael; Bagán, José Vicente; Fernández, José Maria Diaz; Sanchis, José Maria

    2006-11-01

    The present study describes a case of endodontic paste (Endomethasone) penetration within and along the mandibular canal from the periapical zone of a lower first premolar following endodontic treatment of the latter. The clinical manifestations comprised anesthesia of the right side of the lower lip and paresthesia of the gums in the fourth quadrant, appearing immediately after endodontic treatment. The lip anesthesia was seen to decrease, with persistence of the gingival paresthesia, after 7 months. PMID:17052625

  4. All the Mandibular Incisors with Double Canals in a Single Patient: A Rare Case

    PubMed Central

    Daokar, Sadashiv G; Kalekar (Yadao), Anita S; Ghunawat, Dhananjay B; Kakde, Deepak D

    2015-01-01

    Single rooted tooth are considered to be the easiest for root canal treatment. The literature has documented cases with single rooted tooth showing more than single canal. Understanding of root canal morphology thus is an important aspect to be considered for successful endodontic treatment. The case presented here shows a rare entity of having double canals in all the mandibular incisors in a single patient. PMID:25859107

  5. Endodontic and Clinical Considerations in the Management of Variable Anatomy in Mandibular Premolars: A Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Hammo, Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    Mandibular premolars are known to have numerous anatomic variations of their roots and root canals, which are a challenge to treat endodontically. The paper reviews literature to detail the various clinically relevant anatomic considerations with detailed techniques and methods to successfully manage these anomalies. An emphasis and detailed description of every step of treatment including preoperative diagnosis, intraoperative identification and management, and surgical endodontic considerations for the successful management of these complex cases have been included. PMID:24895584

  6. Technique of mandibular salivary gland biopsy in river otters (Lutra canadensis).

    PubMed

    Tocidlowski, M E; Harms, C A; Sumner, P W; Stoskopf, M K

    1999-06-01

    A Franklin-Silverman biopsy needle was used to obtain 2-5- x 1-2-mm mandibular salivary gland tissue samples percutaneously from nine North American river otters (Lutra canadensis). The samples were suitable for fluorescent antibody or polymerase chain reaction rabies testing. Ninety-two percent (11/12) of the biopsy procedures yielded histologically confirmed salivary gland tissue, and the remaining biopsy yielded adipose tissue. No complications were noted after 5-21 days. PMID:10484141

  7. Mandibular Advancement for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Dose Effect on Apnea, Long-Term Use and Tolerance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louise Gindre; Frédéric Gagnadoux; Nicole Meslier; Jean-Marie Gustin; Jean-Louis Racineux

    2008-01-01

    Background: Previous studies have documented an effect of mandibular advancement (MA) on pharyngeal airway size and collapsibility. Objectives: We aimed to describe the course of the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and the snoring index (SI) during progressive MA and to evaluate the long-term efficacy, tolerance and usage of MA therapy after progressive MA titration in sleep apnea patients. Methods: Sixty-six patients

  8. Increased mandibular condylar growth in mice with estrogen receptor beta deficiency

    PubMed Central

    Yosuke, Kamiya; Jing, Chen; Manshan, Xu; Achint, Utreja; Thomas, Choi; Hicham, Drissi; Sunil, Wadhwa

    2012-01-01

    Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders predominantly afflict women of childbearing age, suggesting a role for female hormones in the disease process. In long bones, estrogen acting via estrogen receptor beta (ER?) inhibits axial skeletal growth in female mice. However, the role of ER? in the mandibular condyle is largely unknown. We hypothesize that female ER? deficient mice will have increased mandibular condylar growth compared with wild type (WT) female mice. This study examined female 7-, 49- and 120-day-old WT and ER? knockout (KO) mice. There was a significant increase in mandibular condylar cartilage thickness, due to an increased number of cells, in the 49- and 120-day-old female ER? KO compared with WT controls. Analysis in 49-day-old female ER? KO mice revealed a significant increase in collagen type X, Pthrp and osteoprotegrin gene expression and a significant decrease in Rankl and Ihh gene expression, compared with WT controls. Subchondral bone analysis revealed a significant increase in total condylar volume and a decrease in the number of osteoclasts in the 49-day-old ER? KO compared with WT female mice. There was no difference in cell proliferation in condylar cartilage between the genotypes. However, there were differences in the expression of proteins that regulate the cell cycle; we found a decrease in the expression of Tieg1 and p57 in the mandibular condylar cartilage from ER? KO mice compared with WT mice. Taken together, our results suggest that ER? deficiency increases condylar growth in female mice by inhibiting the fibrocartilage turnover. PMID:23197372

  9. Kissing dentigerous cysts involving mandibular canines: report of unusual case with review of literature.

    PubMed

    Sanjay, C J; David, Chaya M; Kaul, Rachna; Shilpa, P S

    2015-01-01

    Dentigerous cysts are odontogenic developmental cysts, which mostly surround the crown of unerupted teeth, odontomas or supernumerary teeth. These cysts are mostly solitary in occurrence and their bilateral presentation is rare, especially in the absence of syndromes such as Maroteaux-Lamy, basal cell nevus or cleidocranial dysplasia. We present an unusual case of a 24-year-old female with nonsyndromic bilateral dentigerous cysts associated with unerupted mandibular canines that were diagnosed histopathologically as dentigerous cysts. PMID:25632517

  10. Comparative evaluation of the mandibular distraction zone using ultrasonography and conventional radiography.

    PubMed

    Issar, Y; Sahoo, N K; Sinha, R; Satija, L; Chattopadhyay, P K

    2014-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of ultrasonography (USG) for the evaluation of bone formation in the mandibular distraction wound and to compare this with radiographic evaluation, which is currently the standard modality. Twenty-two patients underwent mandibular distraction (30 sides) with a variety of distraction devices. The wounds were assessed with plain radiographs and USG at established time intervals. Estimates of bone formation using a semiquantitative bone fill score were made for radiographs and USG. USG bone fill scores were correlated with radiography scores. At week 4 the difference between the scores was statistically significant (P=0.01); at all other time points, USG and radiography scores were comparable. At week 4, USG scores were significantly higher than the corresponding radiography scores, indicating that USG is an earlier indicator of calcification in the distraction zone as compared to radiography. USG evaluation of the distraction osteogenesis (DO) zone has many inherent advantages over conventional methods. The results of this study indicate that USG is an accurate non-invasive technique that may prove to be useful in assessing the mandibular DO regenerate in patients. PMID:24393569

  11. Distinct Characteristics of Mandibular Bone Collagen Relative to Long Bone Collagen: Relevance to Clinical Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Tokutomi, Kentaro; Sasaki, Michiko; Katafuchi, Michitsuna; Mizumachi, Emiri; Sato, Hironobu

    2014-01-01

    Bone undergoes constant remodeling throughout life. The cellular and biochemical mechanisms of bone remodeling vary in a region-specific manner. There are a number of notable differences between the mandible and long bones, including developmental origin, osteogenic potential of mesenchymal stem cells, and the rate of bone turnover. Collagen, the most abundant matrix protein in bone, is responsible for determining the relative strength of particular bones. Posttranslational modifications of collagen, such as intermolecular crosslinking and lysine hydroxylation, are the most essential determinants of bone strength, although the amount of collagen is also important. In comparison to long bones, the mandible has greater collagen content, a lower amount of mature crosslinks, and a lower extent of lysine hydroxylation. The great abundance of immature crosslinks in mandibular collagen suggests that there is a lower rate of cross-link maturation. This means that mandibular collagen is relatively immature and thus more readily undergoes degradation and turnover. The greater rate of remodeling in mandibular collagen likely renders more flexibility to the bone and leaves it more suited to constant exercise. As reviewed here, it is important in clinical dentistry to understand the distinctive features of the bones of the jaw. PMID:24818151

  12. Automated scheme for measuring mandibular cortical thickness on dental panoramic radiographs for osteoporosis screening

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matsumoto, T.; Hayashi, T.; Hara, T.; Katsumata, A.; Muramatsu, C.; Zhou, X.; Iida, Y.; Matsuoka, M.; Katagi, Ki.; Fujita, H.

    2012-03-01

    Findings of dental panoramic radiographs (DPRs) have shown that the mandibular cortical thickness (MCT) was significantly correlated with osteoporosis. Identifying asymptomatic patients with osteoporosis through dental examinations may bring a supplemental benefit for the patients. However, most of the DPRs are used for only diagnosing dental conditions by dentists in their routine clinical work. The aim of this study was to develop a computeraided diagnosis scheme that automatically measures MCT to assist dentists in screening osteoporosis. First, the inferior border of mandibular bone was detected by use of an active contour method. Second, the locations of mental foramina were estimated on the basis of the inferior border of mandibular bone. Finally, MCT was measured on the basis of the grayscale profile analysis. One hundred DPRs were used to evaluate our proposed scheme. Experimental results showed that the sensitivity and specificity for identifying osteoporotic patients were 92.6 % and 100 %, respectively. We conducted multiclinic trials, in which 223 cases have been obtained and processed in about a month. Our scheme succeeded in detecting all cases of suspected osteoporosis. Therefore, our scheme may have a potential to identify osteoporotic patients at an early stage.

  13. Interrami intraoral fixation technique for severe mandibular rifle fragmented bullet injury management.

    PubMed

    Shuker, Sabri T

    2013-07-01

    Interrami intraoral Kirschner wire fixation technique is presented for the reduction, stabilization, and immobilization of a pulverized and avulsed lower jaw caused by rifle fragmented bullet injuries. This indirect mandibular war injury fixation technique was tolerated by the patients and tissue more than any indirect external fixation. In addition, it is easier than open reduction using large bone plates for disrupted ballistics mandibular injury defects. An interrami intraoral fixation is appropriate for severely disrupted mandibular hard and soft tissues, and has been adapted in cases of mass casualties and limited resources. Benefits of use include limited hospital beds and fewer follow-up visits. Rifle fragmented bullet injuries need more attention for several reasons: not only because of the higher mortality and devastating nature of the injuries, but also because these injuries are responsible for an unreported type of bullet biomechanism wounding in the craniofacial region. In turn, this necessitates specialized victim management. The survival rates depend on immediate proper execution of airway, breathing, and circulation, which become more complicated as it relates to airway compromise and oropharyngeal hemorrhage resuscitation. Survival is predicated on the implementation of feasible, sensible, life-saving techniques that are applied at the appropriate time. PMID:23851763

  14. Treating temporomandibular disorders with permanent mandibular repositioning: is it medically necessary?

    PubMed

    Greene, Charles S; Obrez, Ales

    2015-05-01

    In this paper, the authors review the rationale and history of mandibular repositioning procedures in relation to temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) as these procedures have evolved over time. A large body of clinical research evidence shows that most TMDs can and should be managed with conservative treatment protocols that do not include any mandibular repositioning procedures. Although this provides a strong clinical argument for avoiding such procedures, very few reports have discussed the biologic reasons for either accepting or rejecting them. This scientific information could provide a basis for determining whether mandibular repositioning procedures can be defended as being medically necessary. This position paper introduces the biologic concept of homeostasis as it applies to this topic. The continuing adaptability of teeth, muscles, and temporomandibular joints throughout life is described in terms of homeostasis, which leads to the conclusion that each person's current temporomandibular joint position is biologically "correct." Therefore, that position does not need to be changed as part of a TMD treatment protocol. This means that irreversible TMD treatment procedures, such as equilibration, orthodontics, full-mouth reconstruction, and orthognathic surgery, cannot be defended as being medically necessary. PMID:25864818

  15. Reattachment of fractured teeth fragments in mandibular incisors: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Yousef, Mohammed K

    2015-01-01

    The majority of dental trauma involves anterior teeth, especially the maxillary central incisors. A mandibular incisor fracture with or without pulp tissue involvement is considerably less common. Different approaches for treating these fractured teeth have been reported in the literature. The type of treatment rendered depends mainly on the extent of fracture, pulp involvement, radicular fracture, biologic width infringement or violation, and presence of the fractured piece. This case report illustrates reattachment of fractured fragments on two mandibular incisors without pulp exposure using a new proposed reattachment method using a combination of two different types of composite materials together with an orthodontic lingual retention wire. An 8-year-old female patient presented with fractured mandibular left incisors (Ellis class II fracture). Broken pieces were saved and brought in a closed container in water. Periapical radiographs revealed no evidence of pulpal involvement in either tooth and no periapical radiolucency was noticed. Fractured fragments and the broken teeth were prepared with circumferential bevels. Reattachment of the fractured fragments were done using two types of composite resin materials and a lingual orthodontic retention wire was also used. The patient was recalled after 8 months to follow up both teeth. Clinical examination revealed excellent composite restorations covering the fracture lines.

  16. Trabecular bone structure in the mandibular condyles of gouging and nongouging platyrrhine primates.

    PubMed

    Ryan, Timothy M; Colbert, Matthew; Ketcham, Richard A; Vinyard, Christopher J

    2010-04-01

    The relationship between mandibular form and biomechanical function is a topic of significant interest to morphologists and paleontologists alike. Several previous studies have examined the morphology of the mandible in gouging and nongouging primates as a means of understanding the anatomical correlates of this feeding behavior. The goal of the current study was to quantify the trabecular bone structure of the mandibular condyle of gouging and nongouging primates to assess the functional morphology of the jaw in these animals. High-resolution computed tomography scan data were collected from the mandibles of five adult common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus), saddle-back tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis), and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), respectively, and various three-dimensional morphometric parameters were measured from the condylar trabecular bone. No significant differences were found among the taxa for most trabecular bone structural features. Importantly, no mechanically significant parameters, such as bone volume fraction and degree of anisotropy, were found to vary significantly between gouging and nongouging primates. The lack of significant differences in mechanically relevant structural parameters among these three platyrrhine taxa may suggest that gouging as a habitual dietary behavior does not involve significantly higher loads on the mandibular condyle than other masticatory behaviors. Alternatively, the similarities in trabecular architecture across these three taxa may indicate that trabecular bone is relatively unimportant mechanically in the condyle of these primates and therefore is functionally uninformative. PMID:19918988

  17. Mandibular Anterior Nutrient Canals in Periapical Radiography in Relation to Hypertension

    PubMed Central

    Abdar-Esfahani, Morteza; Mehdizade, Mojdeh

    2013-01-01

    Background: Hypertension (HTN) is the most commonly encountered systemic disease in general population. Nutrient canals contain blood vessels and nerves that mostly appear in the anterior mandibular region. Nutrient canals are not detected in radiographs of all patients, and their normalcy is controversial by many investigators. Objectives: The present study investigated the correlation between the appearance of nutrient canals and hypertension as a potential clue to diagnose patients with hypertension. Patients and Methods: Thirty two patients with HTN and 32 normotensive subjects were selected. Periapical radiographs were taken from mandibular anterior cuspid-central incisor region since nutrient canals are commonly observed in this area. Data was analyzed by SPSS software with Chi-square and Fisher tests. Results: The incidence of nutrient canals was 37.5% in patients with hypertension and 53.1% in the normotensive subjects, but this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.209). We did not find any association between duration of hypertension (P = 0.292) or controlled hypertension (P = 0.144), and the presence of nutrient canals. The mean of subject age with nutrient canal was more than those without nutrient canals, and this difference was statistically significant in normotensive patients. Conclusions: This study revealed that there was no significant association between mandibular anterior nutrient canals and hypertension. PMID:24719810

  18. [Hemifacial microsomia treated with mandibular lengthening using intraoral distractors. On precise indications].

    PubMed

    Diner, P A; Tomat, C; Zazurca, F; Coquille, F; Soupre, V; Vazquez, M P

    2001-10-01

    Mandibular hypoplasia in the hemifacial microsomia have largely benefited from distraction techniques especially intraoral. In fact, these techniques are possible in the child, replacing him in a better morphological, psychological and functional configuration. They can redynamise growth and, in any case, diminish secondary distant effects. The authors, from precise criteria, propose a surgical classification to facilitate the therapeutic decision. Intraoral and sometimes bidirectional distraction, whose results are equivalent to external distraction, present numerous advantages that, in the majority of cases, make it preferred now to external distraction. Its three-dimensional (3D) effect on bone and soft tissues and the long term follow-up must be evaluated more objectively, as pre and post-distraction stereolithographic or 3D photogrammetric may get. It must be considered in the child as the first step of skeletic surgery preparing to a facilitated second step orthopedic, orthodontic or orthognathic after puberty. In the young adult, it is in competition with conventional surgery but the slow progressive process, kind with the temporo-mandibular joints, allows in mandibular asymmetries an adaptation having avoided the need for controlateral osteotomy or a bone graft. PMID:11770458

  19. A retrospective study of temporomandibular joint ankylosis secondary to surgical treatment of mandibular condylar fractures.

    PubMed

    Xiang, Guo-lin; Long, Xing; Deng, Mo-hong; Han, Qian-chao; Meng, Qing-gong; Li, Bo

    2014-03-01

    We investigated the incidence of ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) after open operations for fractures of the mandibular condyle, and analysed possible risk factors in a total of 385 patients with 492 condylar fractures who had been operated on in our department from 2001 to 2010. Sixteen patients developed postoperative ankylosis of the TMJ with 26 joints (5%) affected during a follow-up of 6 months-10 years. Of the 492 condylar fractures, the most common ones that were associated with postoperative ankylosis were those of the condylar head (20/248), followed by the condylar neck (6/193). Subcondylar fractures did not cause postoperative ankylosis (0/51). Among the 16 patients with postoperative ankylosis, 13 had associated anterior mandibular fractures. Long-screw (bicortical screw) fixation of fractures of the condylar head seemed to be associated with a lower incidence of postoperative ankylosis than fixation by miniplate and wire or removal of the fractured fragment. The articular discs were damaged in all ankylosed joints, and the remaining fractured fragment was found in 10 ankylosed joints after fractures of the condylar head. The results suggest that fractures of the condylar head are more prone to lead to postoperative ankylosis of the TMJ, and that the possible risk factors seem to include the technique used for fixation and damage to the disc, together with an anterior mandibular fracture with the fractured fragment remaining. PMID:24485809

  20. Magnesium-enriched hydroxyapatite as bone filler in an ameloblastoma mandibular defect

    PubMed Central

    Grigolato, Roberto; Pizzi, Natalia; Brotto, Maria C; Corrocher, Giovanni; Desando, Giovanna; Grigolo, Brunella

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of a magnesium-enriched hydroxyapatite biomaterial used as bone substitute in a case of mandibular ameloblastoma treated with conservative surgery. A 63 year old male patient was treated for an ameloblastoma in the anterior mandibular profile. After tissue excision, the bone defect was filled with a synthetic hydroxyapatite biomaterial enriched with magnesium ions, in order to promote bone tissue regeneration and obtain a good aesthetic result. Twenty-five months after surgery, due to ameloblastoma recurrence in an area adjacent to the previously treated one, the patient underwent to a further surgery. In that occasion the surgeon performed a biopsy in the initially treated area, in order to investigate the nature of the newly-formed tissue and to evaluate the bone regenerative potential of this biomaterial by clinical, radiographic and histological analyses. The clinical, radiographic and histological evaluations showed various characteristics of bone remodeling stage with an ongoing osteogenic formation and a good osteo-integration. In conclusion, magnesium-enriched hydroxyapatite used as bone substitute in a mandibular defect due to ameloblastoma excision showed an effective bone regeneration at 25 months follow-up, demonstrating an excellent biocompatibility and a high osteo-integration property.