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1

Manganese ferrite-based nanoparticles induce ex vivo, but not in vivo, cardiovascular effects  

PubMed Central

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been used for various biomedical applications. Importantly, manganese ferrite-based nanoparticles have useful magnetic resonance imaging characteristics and potential for hyperthermia treatment, but their effects in the cardiovascular system are poorly reported. Thus, the objectives of this study were to determine the cardiovascular effects of three different types of manganese ferrite-based magnetic nanoparticles: citrate-coated (CiMNPs); tripolyphosphate-coated (PhMNPs); and bare magnetic nanoparticles (BaMNPs). The samples were characterized by vibrating sample magnetometer, X-ray diffraction, dynamic light scattering, and transmission electron microscopy. The direct effects of the MNPs on cardiac contractility were evaluated in isolated perfused rat hearts. The CiMNPs, but not PhMNPs and BaMNPs, induced a transient decrease in the left ventricular end-systolic pressure. The PhMNPs and BaMNPs, but not CiMNPs, induced an increase in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, which resulted in a decrease in a left ventricular end developed pressure. Indeed, PhMNPs and BaMNPs also caused a decrease in the maximal rate of left ventricular pressure rise (+dP/dt) and maximal rate of left ventricular pressure decline (?dP/dt). The three MNPs studied induced an increase in the perfusion pressure of isolated hearts. BaMNPs, but not PhMNPs or CiMNPs, induced a slight vasorelaxant effect in the isolated aortic rings. None of the MNPs were able to change heart rate or arterial blood pressure in conscious rats. In summary, although the MNPs were able to induce effects ex vivo, no significant changes were observed in vivo. Thus, given the proper dosages, these MNPs should be considered for possible therapeutic applications. PMID:25031535

Nunes, Allancer DC; Ramalho, Laylla S; Souza, Álvaro PS; Mendes, Elizabeth P; Colugnati, Diego B; Zufelato, Nícholas; Sousa, Marcelo H; Bakuzis, Andris F; Castro, Carlos H

2014-01-01

2

Galactosylated manganese ferrite nanoparticles for targeted MR imaging of asialoglycoprotein receptor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cancer cells can express specific biomarkers, such as cell membrane proteins and signaling factors. Thus, finding biomarkers and delivering diagnostic agents are important in the diagnosis of cancer. In this study, we investigated a biomarker imaging agent for the diagnosis of hepatic cancers. The asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPr) was selected as a biomarker for hepatoma cells and the ASGPr-targetable imaging agent bearing a galactosyl group was prepared using manganese ferrite nanoparticles (MFNP) and galactosylgluconic acid. The utility of the ASGPr-targetable imaging agent, galactosylated MFNP (G-MFNP) was assessed by several methods in ASGPr-expressing HepG2 cells as target cells and ASGPr-deficient MCF7 cells. Physical and chemical properties of G-MFNP were examined using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, zeta potential analysis, and transmission electron microscopy. No significant cytotoxicity was observed in either cell line. Targeting ability was assessed using flow cytometry, magnetic resonance imaging, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, absorbance analysis, dark-field microscopy, Prussian blue staining, and transmission electron microscopy. We demonstrated that G-MFNP target successfully and bind to ASGPr-expressing HepG2 cells specifically. We suggest that these results will be useful in strategies for cancer diagnoses based on magnetic resonance imaging.

Yang, Seung-Hyun; Heo, Dan; Lee, Eugene; Kim, Eunjung; Lim, Eun-Kyung; Lee, Young Han; Haam, Seungjoo; Suh, Jin-Suck; Huh, Yong-Min; Yang, Jaemoon; Park, Sahng Wook

2013-11-01

3

Magnetocaloric effect in ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparative study of the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) is reported in two different types of chemically synthesized magnetic nanoparticle systems—cobalt ferrite and manganese zinc ferrite with mean size around 5 and 15nm, respectively. While CoFe2O4 nanoparticles were synthesized using co-precipitation, the Mn0.68Zn0.25Fe2.07O4 (MZFO) nanoparticles were prepared by reverse micelle technique using AOT as surfactant. Our results indicate that the change

P. Poddar; J. Gass; D. J. Rebar; S. Srinath; H. Srikanth; S. A. Morrison; E. E. Carpenter

2006-01-01

4

Long-circulating PEGylated manganese ferrite nanoparticles for MRI-based molecular imaging.  

PubMed

Magnetic resonance based molecular imaging has emerged as a very promising technique for early detection and treatment of a wide variety of diseases, including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, and vascular diseases. The limited sensitivity and specificity of conventional MRI are being overcome by the development of a new generation of contrast agents, using nanotechnology approaches, with improved magnetic and biological properties. In particular, for molecular imaging, high specificity, high sensitivity, and long blood circulation times are required. Furthermore, the lack of toxicity and immunogenicity together with low-cost scalable production are also necessary to get them into the clinics. In this work, we describe a facile, robust and cost-effective ligand-exchange method to synthesize dual T1 and T2 MRI contrast agents with long circulation times. These contrast agents are based on manganese ferrite nanoparticles (MNPs) between 6 and 14 nm in size covered by a 3 kDa polyethylene glycol (PEG) shell that leads to a great stability in aqueous media with high crystallinity and magnetization values, thus retaining the magnetic properties of the uncovered MNPs. Moreover, the PEGylated MNPs have shown different relaxivities depending on their size and the magnetic field applied. Thus, the 6 nm PEGylated MNPs are characterized by a low r2/r1 ratio of 4.9 at 1.5 T, hence resulting in good dual T1 and T2 contrast agents under low magnetic fields, whereas the 14 nm MNPs behave as excellent T2 contrast agents under high magnetic fields (r2 = 335.6 mM(-1) s(-1)). The polymer core shell of the PEGylated MNPs minimizes their cytotoxicity, and allows long blood circulation times. This combination of cellular compatibility and excellent T2 and r2/r1 values under low magnetic fields, together with long circulation times, make these nanomaterials very promising contrast agents for molecular imaging. PMID:25554363

Pernia Leal, Manuel; Rivera-Fernández, Sara; Franco, Jaime M; Pozo, David; de la Fuente, Jesús M; García-Martín, María Luisa

2015-01-22

5

Structure of manganese zinc ferrite spinel nanoparticles prepared with co-precipitation in reversed microemulsions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The structure of Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 spinel ferrite nanoparticles is studied as a function of their size and the experimental conditions of their synthesis using\\u000a X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The nanoparticles of different sizes down to approximately 2 nm and with a narrow size distribution\\u000a were synthesized using co-precipitation in reverse microemulsions. Simultaneous refinement of the X-ray absorption fine structure\\u000a (EXAFS) of three constituting

Darko Makovec; Alojz Kodre; Iztok Ar?on; Miha Drofenik

2009-01-01

6

Long-circulating PEGylated manganese ferrite nanoparticles for MRI-based molecular imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic resonance based molecular imaging has emerged as a very promising technique for early detection and treatment of a wide variety of diseases, including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, and vascular diseases. The limited sensitivity and specificity of conventional MRI are being overcome by the development of a new generation of contrast agents, using nanotechnology approaches, with improved magnetic and biological properties. In particular, for molecular imaging, high specificity, high sensitivity, and long blood circulation times are required. Furthermore, the lack of toxicity and immunogenicity together with low-cost scalable production are also necessary to get them into the clinics. In this work, we describe a facile, robust and cost-effective ligand-exchange method to synthesize dual T1 and T2 MRI contrast agents with long circulation times. These contrast agents are based on manganese ferrite nanoparticles (MNPs) between 6 and 14 nm in size covered by a 3 kDa polyethylene glycol (PEG) shell that leads to a great stability in aqueous media with high crystallinity and magnetization values, thus retaining the magnetic properties of the uncovered MNPs. Moreover, the PEGylated MNPs have shown different relaxivities depending on their size and the magnetic field applied. Thus, the 6 nm PEGylated MNPs are characterized by a low r2/r1 ratio of 4.9 at 1.5 T, hence resulting in good dual T1 and T2 contrast agents under low magnetic fields, whereas the 14 nm MNPs behave as excellent T2 contrast agents under high magnetic fields (r2 = 335.6 mM-1 s-1). The polymer core shell of the PEGylated MNPs minimizes their cytotoxicity, and allows long blood circulation times. This combination of cellular compatibility and excellent T2 and r2/r1 values under low magnetic fields, together with long circulation times, make these nanomaterials very promising contrast agents for molecular imaging.Magnetic resonance based molecular imaging has emerged as a very promising technique for early detection and treatment of a wide variety of diseases, including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, and vascular diseases. The limited sensitivity and specificity of conventional MRI are being overcome by the development of a new generation of contrast agents, using nanotechnology approaches, with improved magnetic and biological properties. In particular, for molecular imaging, high specificity, high sensitivity, and long blood circulation times are required. Furthermore, the lack of toxicity and immunogenicity together with low-cost scalable production are also necessary to get them into the clinics. In this work, we describe a facile, robust and cost-effective ligand-exchange method to synthesize dual T1 and T2 MRI contrast agents with long circulation times. These contrast agents are based on manganese ferrite nanoparticles (MNPs) between 6 and 14 nm in size covered by a 3 kDa polyethylene glycol (PEG) shell that leads to a great stability in aqueous media with high crystallinity and magnetization values, thus retaining the magnetic properties of the uncovered MNPs. Moreover, the PEGylated MNPs have shown different relaxivities depending on their size and the magnetic field applied. Thus, the 6 nm PEGylated MNPs are characterized by a low r2/r1 ratio of 4.9 at 1.5 T, hence resulting in good dual T1 and T2 contrast agents under low magnetic fields, whereas the 14 nm MNPs behave as excellent T2 contrast agents under high magnetic fields (r2 = 335.6 mM-1 s-1). The polymer core shell of the PEGylated MNPs minimizes their cytotoxicity, and allows long blood circulation times. This combination of cellular compatibility and excellent T2 and r2/r1 values under low magnetic fields, together with long circulation times, make these nanomaterials very promising contrast agents for molecular imaging. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Additional experimental details including TEM images of MNPs, size distribution graphs, thermogravimetric curves, FTIR spectra, and XRD patterns of MNPs. See DOI: 10.1039/c4nr05781c

Pernia Leal, Manuel; Rivera-Fernández, Sara; Franco, Jaime M.; Pozo, David; de La Fuente, Jesús M.; García-Martín, María Luisa

2015-01-01

7

Formation and cation distribution in supported manganese ferrite nanoparticles: an X-ray absorption study.  

PubMed

Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) techniques at both Fe and Mn K-edges were used to investigate the formation of MnFe(2)O(4) nanoparticles embedded in a silica aerogel matrix as a function of calcination temperature (at 450, 750 and 900 degrees C). Up to 450 degrees C, two separated highly-disordered phases of iron and manganese are present. With increasing the temperature (to 750 and 900 degrees C), the structure of aerogel nanoparticles becomes progressively similar to that of the spinel structure MnFe(2)O(4) (jacobsite). Quantitative determination of cations distribution in the spinel structure shows that aerogels calcined at 750 and 900 degrees C have a degree of inversion i = 0.20. A pure jacobsite sample synthesised by co-precipitation and used as a reference compound shows a much higher degree of inversion (i = 0.70). The different distribution of iron and manganese cations in the octahedral and tetrahedral sites in pure jacobsite and in the aerogels can be ascribed to partial oxidation of Mn(2+) to Mn(3+) in pure jacobsite, confirmed by XANES analysis, probably due to the synthesis conditions. PMID:18688375

Carta, Daniela; Casula, Maria Francesca; Mountjoy, Gavin; Corrias, Anna

2008-06-01

8

Effect of particle size on structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of manganese substituted nickel ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mn substituted NiFe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles (Mn-NiFe2O4) were synthesized by the auto-combustion method. Their actions were carried out at different fuel ratios (50%, 75% and 100%). The nanoparticles have been investigated by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The average crystallite size of the synthesized and annealed samples was between 25 and 75 nm, which were found to be dependent on both fuel ratio and annealing temperatures. However, lattice parameters, interplanar spacing and grain size were controlled by varying the fuel ratio. Magnetic characterizations of the nanoparticles were carried out using a vibrating sample magnetometer at room temperature. The saturation magnetization was computed and found to lie between 6 emu/g and 57 emu/g depending on the particle size of the studied sample. The coercivity was found to exhibit non-monotonic behavior with the particle size. Such behavior can be accounted for by the combination between surface anisotropy and thermal energies. The value of dielectric constant and dielectric loss was found to exhibit almost linear dependence on the particle size.

Kumar, E. Ranjith; Kamzin, Aleksandr S.

2015-03-01

9

Biocompatible mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic manganese ferrite nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery and MR imaging applications.  

PubMed

Multifunctional mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) nanoparticles (M-MSN) were synthesized and evaluated for targeted drug delivery and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications. MnFe2O4 nanoparticles were prepared by solvothermal route and were silica-coated by surface silylation using sol-gel reactions. Subsequently, silylation was done using (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane in presence of a surfactant (CTAB), followed by selective etching of the surfactant molecules that resulted in amine-functionalized superparamagnetic nanoparticles (NH2-MSN). Further modification of the surface of the NH2-MSN with targeting (folate) or fluorescent (RITC) molecules resulted in M-MSN. The formation of the M-MSN was proved by several characterization techniques viz. XRD, XPS, HRTEM, FESEM, VSM, BET surface area measurement, FTIR, and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The M-MSN were loaded with anticancer drug Doxorubicin and the efficacy of the DOX loaded M-MSN was evaluated through in vitro cytotoxicity, fluorescence microscopy, and apoptosis studies. The in vivo biocompatibility of the M-MSN was demonstrated in a mice-model system. Moreover, the M-MSN also acted as superior MRI contrast agent owing to a high magnetization value as well as superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature. These folate-conjugated nanoparticles (FA-MSN) exhibited stronger T2-weighted MRI contrast towards HeLa cells as compared to the nanoparticles without folate conjugation, justifying their potential importance in MRI based diagnosis of cancer. Such M-MSN with a magnetic core required for MRI imaging, a porous shell for carrying drug molecules, a targeting moeity for cancer cell specificity and a fluorescent molecule for imaging, all integrated into a single system, may potentially serve as an excellent material in biomedical applications. PMID:24980623

Sahoo, Banalata; Devi, K Sanjana P; Dutta, Sujan; Maiti, Tapas K; Pramanik, Panchanan; Dhara, Dibakar

2014-10-01

10

Aerosol Spray Pyrolysis Synthesis of Magnetic Manganese Ferrite Particles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the aerosol spray pyrolysis synthesis and subsequent properties of manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) submicrometer particles. Various combinations of the chlorides and nitrates of manganese and iron dissolved in water were used as precursors. Typical aerosol reactor residence times were 0.5–1.5s. With insufficient reactor temperature, e.g., 650°C, porous, hollow particles with a mixture of the ferrite and the individual metal

Qiang Li; C. M. Sorensen; K. J. Klabunde; G. C. Hadjipanayis

1993-01-01

11

The role of fuel concentration on particle size and dielectric properties of manganese substituted zinc ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mn substituted ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles were prepared by the auto-combustion method using different fuel ratios of 50%, 75% and 100%.The powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrum (EDX). Also, the dielectric behaviors of the samples were investigated for different annealing temperatures. The X-ray diffraction patterns indicated that the annealed samples resulted in the formation of crystalline powder and the presence of ?-Fe2O3 as a secondary phase. The average crystallite sizes of the samples are from ~12 to 60 nm. The external morphology and microstructure of the samples are tested by SEM and TEM. The effect of annealing temperature and particle size on dielectric properties such as dielectric constant (?) and dielectric loss (D) of the spinel MnxZn1-xFe2O4 nanoparticles was measured using impedance analyzer in the frequency range 100 kHz-5 MHz.

Ranjith Kumar, E.; Jayaprakash, R.

2014-10-01

12

Structure and magnetic properties of manganese-zinc-ferrites prepared by spray pyrolysis method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A spray pyrolysis of a water solution of iron, manganese and iron nitrates is applied to prepare Zn0.5Mn0.5Fe2O4 single-phase ferrite with a spinel-type structure. The samples are characterized by means of differential scanning calorimetry, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, infrared and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The mass magnetization ? and the magnetic susceptibility 1/? of the ferrites are measured as a function of temperature over the range of 78-728 K. The obtained sample contains nanoparticles with an average diameter d ?7 nm possessing MnxZnyFe3-(x+y)O4 spinel-type structure with a uniform distribution of manganese and zinc atoms over the ferrite lattice. The Curie temperature is determined to be 375 ÷ 380 K.

Kotsikau, Dzmitry; Ivanovskaya, Maria; Pankov, Vladimir; Fedotova, Yulia

2015-01-01

13

Mn–ferrite nanoparticles via reverse microemulsions: synthesis and characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mn–ferrite nanoparticles were synthesized by thermal treatment at 800 °C of manganese and iron oxo-hydroxides obtained via\\u000a water-in-oil microemulsions consisting of n-hexanol as continuous phase, cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) as the cationic surfactant and aqueous solutions of\\u000a metal salts and precipitant agent (tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide) as reagents. Nanoparticles were synthesized using a multi-microemulsion\\u000a approach. Two different co-precipitation routes are described

Alessandra Scano; Guido Ennas; Francesca Frongia; Aurelio La Barbera; M. Arturo López-Quintela; Giaime Marongiu; Giorgio Paschina; Davide Peddis; Martina Pilloni; Carlos Vázquez-Vázquez

2011-01-01

14

Synthesis, characterization, optical and sensing property of manganese oxide nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

Manganese oxide nanoparticles were prepared by thermal decomposition of manganese oxalate. Manganese oxalate was synthesized by reacting 1:1 mole ratio of manganese acetate and ammonium oxalate along with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). The structural characterization of manganese oxalate and manganese oxide nanoparticles was analyzed by XRD. The XRD spectrum confirms the crystal structure of the manganese oxide and manganese oxalate. In addition, the average grain size, lattice parameter values were also calculated using XRD spectrum. Moreover, the diffraction peaks were broadened due to the smaller size of the particle. The band gap of manganese oxide was calculated from optical absorption, which was carried out by DRS UV-Visible spectroscopy. The morphology of manganese oxide nanoparticles was analyzed by SEM images. The FT-IR analysis confirms the formation of the manganese oxide from manganese oxalate nanoparticles. The electrochemical sensing behavior of manganese oxide nanoparticles were investigated using hydrogen peroxide by cyclic voltammetry.

Manigandan, R.; Suresh, R.; Giribabu, K.; Narayanan, V., E-mail: vnnara@yahoo.co.in [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025 (India); Vijayalakshmi, L. [Annai Veilankanni's College for Women (Arts and Science), Saidapet, Chennai 600015 (India); Stephen, A. [Department of Nuclear Physics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025 (India)

2014-01-28

15

Ultrasonic Cavitation induced Water in Vegetable oil emulsion droplets - A Simple and Easy Technique to Synthesize Manganese Zinc Ferrite Nanocrystals with improved magnetisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present investigation, synthesis of manganese zinc ferrite (Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4) nanoparticles with narrow size distribution have been prepared using ultrasound assisted emulsion (consisting of rapeseed oil as an oil phase and aqueous solution of Mn+2, Zn+2 and Fe+2 acetates) and evaporation processes. The as-prepared ferrite was nanocrystalline. In order to remove the small amount of oil present on the surface

Manickam Sivakumar; Atsuya Towata; Kyuichi Yasui; Toru Tuziuti; Teruyuki. Kozuka; Yasuo Iida; Michail M. Maiorov; Elmars Blums; Dipten Bhattacharya; Neelagesi Sivakumar; Ashok M

16

Studies on the activation energy from the ac conductivity measurements of rubber ferrite composites containing manganese zinc ferrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese zinc ferrites (MZF) have resistivities between 0.01 and 10 ? m. Making composite materials of ferrites with either natural rubber or plastics will modify the electrical properties of ferrites. The moldability and flexibility of these composites find wide use in industrial and other scientific applications. Mixed ferrites belonging to the series Mn(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 were synthesized for different ‘x’ values in steps of 0.2, and incorporated in natural rubber matrix (RFC). From the dielectric measurements of the ceramic manganese zinc ferrite and rubber ferrite composites, ac conductivity and activation energy were evaluated. A program was developed with the aid of the LabVIEW package to automate the measurements. The ac conductivity of RFC was then correlated with that of the magnetic filler and matrix by a mixture equation which helps to tailor properties of these composites.

Hashim, Mohd.; Alimuddin; Kumar, Shalendra; Shirsath, Sagar E.; Mohammed, E. M.; Chung, Hanshik; Kumar, Ravi

2012-11-01

17

An overview of the structure and magnetism of spinel ferrite nanoparticles and their synthesis in microemulsions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review, we attempt to describe the structure of various spinel ferrites like zinc ferrite, nickel–zinc ferrite, manganese–zinc ferrite and cobalt ferrite. It also describes the important magnetic properties of these spinel ferrites. The focus then shifts to the use of microemulsions as nanoreactors for the synthesis of spinel ferrites. This work gives a short review on the various

Daliya S. Mathew; Ruey-Shin Juang

2007-01-01

18

Magnetic heating by cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the quest for suitable materials for hyperthermia we explored the preparation and properties of nanoparticles of Co ferrite. The material was produced by coprecipitation from water solution of Co and Fe chlorides and afterwards annealed at 400, 600 and 800 °C. The resulting particles were characterized by XRD, TEM, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and dc and ac magnetometry. The heating experiments

M. Veverka; P. Veverka; O. Kaman; A. Lancok; K. Záveta; E. Pollert; K. Knízek; J. Bohácek; M. Benes; P. Kaspar; E. Duguet; S. Vasseur

2007-01-01

19

Magnetocaloric effect (MCE) in Nickel Ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the magneto caloric effect (MCE) in a Nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4) nanoparticle system. The nanoparticles were synthesized using chemical co-precipitation. Extensive characterization of structural and magnetic properties was done using XRD, TEM, DC and AC magnetization, and transverse susceptibility. The change in entropy was calculated using the thermodynamic Maxwell relation from the family of M-H curves taken at different temperatures. Maximum entropy change in nanoparticle systems is influenced by particle size, anisotropy, and collective dipolar behavior. While the MCE is not as large as that reported in bulk systems, there are advantages as ferrite nanoparticles are easily produced and the operational temperature is tuned by the average particle size. In our studies, we observed a sharp peak in M-T curves at around 60K in addition to the blocking transition which occurs at 120 K. This results in a larger entropy change in comparison with the MCE results on other reported ferrite nanoparticles. The origin of this anomalous MCE is analyzed in the context of surface anisotropy and other possible contributions in the NiFe2O4 system. Work supported by NSF through grant CTS-0408933.

Gass, J.; Morales, M. B.; Frey, N. A.; Miner, M. J.; Srinath, S.; Srikanth, H.

2007-03-01

20

Element-and site-specific oxidation state and cation distribution in manganese ferrite films by diffraction anomalous fine structure  

E-print Network

Element- and site-specific oxidation state and cation distribution in manganese ferrite films Received 2 April 2008; accepted 9 July 2008; published online 8 August 2008 Epitaxial manganese ferrite.1063/1.2969406 Spinel ferrites represent an important class of materials that provide high permeability, moderate

Haskel, Daniel

21

Low temperature chemical synthesis of ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ferrite nanoparticles of Ni0.4Zn0.6-xMnxFe2O4 where x varies from 0 to 0.25 in steps of 0.05 using metal nitrates were prepared by low temperature sol-gel autocombustion method in citric acid matrix. XRD patterns of all the samples exhibit spinel crystal structures and the crystallite sizes estimated using Scherrer equation have been found to be about 30 nm. TEM measurements on these nanoparticles showed the particle sizes to be around 32 nm which are in conformity with the crystallite sizes obtained through XRD. The magnetic measurements carried out using VSM on these NiZn ferrite nanoparticles showed good magnetic performance with Mn substitutions. Deviations, if any, in magnetic properties are attributed to the increased degree of inversion in cationic distributions and also to the spin disorder at the surfaces which contributes to decreased magnetic strength of the cations present in different lattice sites.

Ramesh, S.; Rao, S. N. R.; Rao, B. Parvatheeswara; Subba Rao, P. S. V.

2012-07-01

22

Experimental observations and nucleation and growth theory of polyhedral magnetic ferrite nanoparticles synthesized  

E-print Network

Experimental observations and nucleation and growth theory of polyhedral magnetic ferrite the morphologies of ferrite nanoparticles synthesized using a radio frequency plasma torch. These nanoparticles. Keywords: Ferrite nanoparticles; High-resolution TEM; Polyhedral morphologies; Faceting; Critical nucleus

McHenry, Michael E.

23

Magnetic nanocomposites: Preparation and characterization of Co-ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles, CoFe2O4, are one of the important spinel ferrites because of their high cubic magnetocrystalline anisotropy, high coercivity and moderate saturation magnetization. CoFe2O4 nanoparticles have been known to be a photomagnetic material which shows an interesting light induced coercivity change. In this study, various preparation techniques were used to produce cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: (i) ball milling of a

M. H. Khedr; A. A. Omar; S. A. Abdel-Moaty

24

Magnetic nanocomposites: Preparation and characterization of Co-ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles, CoFe2O4, are one of the important spinel ferrites due to their high cubic magnetocrystalline anisotropy, high coercivity and moderate saturation magnetization. CoFe2O4 nanoparticles have been known to be a photomagnetic material which shows an interesting light induced coercivity change. In this study, various preparation techniques were used to produce cobalt ferrite nanoparticles namely, (i) ball milling of

M. H. Khedr; A. A. Omar; S. A. Abdel-Moaty

2006-01-01

25

Ferrite nanoparticles for future heart diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Normally, CoFe2O4 has been known as ferromagnetic ferrite with a quite large magnetic moment. However, since we aim to inject the particles into the human body, we are also interested in ZnFe2O4 because in the human body, Fe and Zn exist, so that adding ZnFe2O4 is safer. In both cases, the nanoparticles are coated by silica in order to get rid of toxicity. Our main purpose is to test whether these nanoparticles affect the contractile function of heart cells. Our results on rat's heart cells have shown that both Zn and Co ferrites improved the contractility of heart cells. Notably, although both nanoparticles increased contraction and delayed relaxation, Co ferrites induced a greater contraction but with a slower relaxation. We can theoretically argue that the magnetization effects of the quantum dots have a considerable effect on the pulsating properties of the heart cells. Through this effect, the locally applied magnetic field is able to induce as well as turn on/off various regular beating patterns, thus, resetting the heart beatings.

Hong, Nguyen Hoa; Raghavender, A. T.; Ciftja, O.; Phan, M.-H.; Stojak, K.; Srikanth, H.; Zhang, Yin Hua

2013-08-01

26

Magnetic properties and adsorptive performance of manganese-zinc ferrites/activated carbon nanocomposites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Owing to the unique microstructure and high specific surface area, activated carbon (AC) could act as an excellent adsorbent for wastewater treatment and good carrier for functional materials. In this paper, manganese-zinc ferrites (Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4: MZF) were anchored into AC by hydrothermal method, resulting in the excellent magnetic response for AC nanocomposites in wastewater treatment. All results demonstrated the magnetic nanoparticles presented a spinel phase structure and existed in the pores of AC. The saturation magnetization (Ms) of MZF/AC nanocomposites increased with the ferrites content, while the pore volume and specific surface area declined. The Sample-5 possessed the specific surface area of 1129 m2 g-1 (close to 1243 m2 g-1 of AC) and Ms of 3.96 emu g-1. Furthermore, the adsorptive performance for organic dyes was studied and 99% methylene blue was adsorbed in 30 min. The magnetic AC nanocomposites could be separated easily from solution by magnetic separation technique.

Zhang, B. B.; Xu, J. C.; Xin, P. H.; Han, Y. B.; Hong, B.; Jin, H. X.; Jin, D. F.; Peng, X. L.; Li, J.; Gong, J.; Ge, H. L.; Zhu, Z. W.; Wang, X. Q.

2015-01-01

27

Ferromagnetic resonance of nonstoichiometric zinc ferrite and cobalt-doped zinc ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ferromagnetic resonance spectra of zinc ferrite and cobalt doped zinc ferrite nanoparticles, measured at various temperatures, exhibit an invariant point at a given field. This makes it possible to determine the equation relating the resonance field shift to the peak-to-peak linewidth. When particles are frozen in a matrix in a magnetic field, the anisotropy constant of the material can be

J. F. Hochepied; M. P. Pileni

2001-01-01

28

Inclusions nucleating intragranular polygonal ferrite and acicular ferrite in low alloyed carbon manganese steel welds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inclusion-assisted formation of two types of intragranular ferrite in low alloyed C-Mn steel welds, intragranular polygonal\\u000a ferrite (IPF) and acicular ferrite (IAF), was investigated in relation to the inclusion characteristics (mainly size and chemistry)\\u000a and the welding heat input. For this analysis, inclusions engulfed by one ferrite grain and those shared by two ferrite grains\\u000a were considered as the

Kyung-Tae Park; Si Woo Hwang; Jung Hoon Ji; Chang Hee Lee

2011-01-01

29

Synthesis, characterisation, and applications of Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the synthesis, characterization, and some applications of Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles. The Mn-Zn ferrite was prepared from metallic nitrates, iron citrate and citric acid with the co-precipitation method with different pH values and it was further used to synthesis Mn-Zn ferrite with polariser i.e. H2O2 (Hydrogen peroxide). The X-ray diffraction pattern shows the single phase spinel structure

Madan Lal; D. K. Sharma; M. Singh

2006-01-01

30

Optimizing hysteretic power loss of magnetic ferrite nanoparticles  

E-print Network

This thesis seeks to correlate hysteretic power loss of tertiary ferrite nanoparticles in alternating magnetic fields to trends predicted by physical models. By employing integration of hysteresis loops simulated from ...

Chen, Ritchie

2013-01-01

31

Transformation Characteristics of Ferrite/Carbide Aggregate in Continuously Cooled, Low Carbon-Manganese Steels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transformation characteristics and morphological features of ferrite/carbide aggregate (FCA) in low carbon-manganese steels have been investigated. Work shows that FCA has neither the lamellae structure of pearlite nor the lath structure of bainite and martensite. It consists of a fine dispersion of cementite particles in a smooth ferrite matrix. Carbide morphologies range from arrays of globular particles or short fibers to extended, branched, and densely interconnected fibers. Work demonstrates that FCA forms over similar cooling rate ranges to Widmanstätten ferrite. Rapid transformation of both phases occurs at temperatures between 798 K and 973 K (525 °C and 700 °C). FCA reaction is not simultaneous with Widmanstätten ferrite but occurs at temperatures intermediate between Widmanstätten ferrite and bainite. Austenite carbon content calculations verify that cementite precipitation is thermodynamically possible at FCA reaction temperatures without bainite formation. The pattern of precipitation is confirmed to be discontinuous. CCT diagrams have been constructed that incorporate FCA. At low steel manganese content, Widmanstätten ferrite and bainite bay sizes are significantly reduced so that large amounts of FCA are formed over a wide range of cooling rates.

Di Martino, S. F.; Thewlis, G.

2014-02-01

32

Friction and wear of single-crystal manganese-zinc ferrite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sliding friction experiments were conducted with single-crystal manganese-zinc ferrite in contact with itself and with transition metals. Results indicate mating highest atomic density directions (110 line type) on matched crystallographic planes exhibit the lowest coefficient of friction indicating that direction is important in the friction behavior of ferrite. Matched parallel high atomic density planes and crystallographic directions at the interface exhibit low coefficients of friction. The coefficients of friction for ferrite in contact with various metals are related to the relative chemical activity of these metals. The more active the metal, the higher the coefficient of friction. Cracking and the formation of hexagon- and rectangular-shaped platelet wear debris due to cleavages are observed on the ferrite surfaces as a result of sliding.

Miyoshi, K.; Buckley, D. H.

1979-01-01

33

Friction and wear of single-crystal manganese-zinc ferrite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sliding friction experiments were conducted with single crystal manganese-zinc ferrite in contact with itself and with transition metals. Results indicate mating highest atomic density directions (110) on matched crystallographic planes exhibit the lowest coefficient of friction, indicating that direction is important in the friction behavior of ferrite. Matched parallel high atomic density planes and crystallographic directions at the interface exhibit low coefficients of friction. The coefficients of friction for ferrite in contact with various metals are related to the relative chemical activity of these metals. The more active the metal, the higher the coefficient of friction. Cracking and the formation of hexagon- and rectangular-shaped platelet wear debris due to cleavages of (110) planes are observed on the ferrite surfaces as a result of sliding.

Miyoshi, K.; Buckley, D. H.

1979-01-01

34

Transition metal-substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles for biomedical applications.  

PubMed

Transition metals of copper, zinc, chromium and nickel were substituted into cobalt ferrite nanoparticles via a sol-gel route using citric acid as a chelating agent. The microstructure and elemental composition were characterized using scanning electron microscopy combined with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Phase analysis of transition metal-substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles was performed via X-ray diffraction. Surface wettability was measured using the water contact angle technique. The surface roughness of all nanoparticles was measured using profilometry. Moreover, thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry were performed to determine the temperature at which the decomposition and oxidation of the chelating agents took place. Results indicated that the substitution of transition metals influences strongly the microstructure, crystal structure and antibacterial property of the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. PMID:23137676

Sanpo, Noppakun; Berndt, Christopher C; Wen, Cuie; Wang, James

2013-03-01

35

Anisotropic friction and wear of single-crystal manganese-zinc ferrite in contact with itself  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sliding friction experiments were conducted with manganese-zinc ferrite (100), (110), (111), and (211) planes in contact with themselves. Mating the highest-atomic-density directions, (110), of matched crystallographic planes resulted in the lowest coefficients of friction. Mating matched (same) high-atomic-density planes and matched (same)crystallographic directions resulted in low coefficients of friction. Mating dissimilar crystallographic planes, however, did not give significantly different friction results from those with matched planes. Sliding caused cracking and the formation of hexagonal- and rectangular-platelet wear debris on ferrite surfaces, primarily from cleavage of the (110) planes.

Miyoshi, K.; Buckley, D. H.

1978-01-01

36

Preparation of Nanoparticles of Barium Ferrite from Precipitation in Microemulsions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetic nanoparticles of barium ferrite (BaFe12O19) have been synthesized using a microemulsion mediated process. The aqueous cores of water-in-oil microemulsions were used as constrained microreactors for the precipitation of precursor carbonate and hydroxide particles. These precursors were then calcined at 925°C for 12?h, during which time they were transformed to the hexagonal ferrite. The pH of reaction was varied between

B. J. Palla; D. O. Shah; P. Garcia-Casillas; J. Matutes-Aquino

1999-01-01

37

An Experimental Study on Electrical Discharge Machining of Manganese–Zinc Ferrite Magnetic Material  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this research is to investigate the machining characteristics of manganese–zinc (Mn–Zn) ferrite magnetic material using electrical-discharge machining (EDM). The material removal rate, the surface topography, the surface roughness, the recast layer, and the chemical composition of the machined surface were studied in terms of EDM processing variables. Experimental results indicate that the morphology of debris revealed the

Y. H. Guu; Kuan-Lin Tsai; Lin-Ke Chen

2007-01-01

38

Novel metallic iron\\/manganese–zinc ferrite nanocomposites prepared by microwave hydrothermal flash synthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metallic iron (?-Fe)\\/manganese–zinc ferrite (Fe3?x?yMnxZnyO4) nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized for the first time using microwave hydrothermal treatment of alcoholic solutions of chloride precursors and sodium ethoxide. This new type of nanocomposites, never obtained by conventional synthesis, can now be produced in a short period (e.g. 15s). The powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and magnetic properties

T. Caillot; G. Pourroy; D. Stuerga

2011-01-01

39

Effect of manganese substitution on magnetoimpedance and magnetostriction of cobalt ferrites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Influence of manganese substitution on the magnetoimpedance ratio and magnetostrictive constant of cobalt ferrite samples has been studied in the present investigation. Magnetoimpedance was found to vary with manganese content and frequency under the action of applied axial magnetic field. Maximum value of magnetoimpedance ratio was obtained for the composition Co1.1Mn0.1Fe1.8O4 at a low frequency of 102 Hz. In order to understand magnetoimpedance behavior of the samples Cole-Cole plot of Mn substituted cobalt ferrites was studied. It was also noted that magnetostrictive constant under applied dc magnetic field changes with manganese content. The magnetic field required for maximum magnetostriction decreases with substitution of cobalt by manganese in Co1.2-xMnxFe1.8O4. The strain sensitivity ratio d?/dH was maximum for Co1.1Mn0.1Fe1.8O4, whereas value of magnetostriction was maximum for CoMn0.2Fe1.8O4 sample.

Maurya, J. C.; Bhoraskar, S. V.; Mathe, V. L.

2014-03-01

40

The role of cobalt ferrite magnetic nanoparticles in medical science.  

PubMed

The nanotechnology industry is rapidly growing and promises that the substantial changes that will have significant economic and scientific impacts be applicable to a wide range of areas, such as aerospace engineering, nano-electronics, environmental remediation and medical healthcare. In this area, cobalt ferrite nanoparticles have been regarded as one of the competitive candidates because of their suitable physical, chemical and magnetic properties like the high anisotropy constant, high coercivity and high Curie temperature, moderate saturation magnetization and ease of synthesis. This paper introduces the magnetic properties, synthesis methods and some medical applications, including the hyperthermia, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic separation and drug delivery of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. PMID:25428034

Amiri, S; Shokrollahi, H

2013-01-01

41

Study of DNA interaction with cobalt ferrite nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Interaction of cobalt ferrite nanopowder and nucleic acid was investigated. Superparamagnetic cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (6-12 nm) were prepared by mechanochemical synthesis. Structure of the nanopowder was characterized using X-ray diffraction. It was shown that cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were associated with ssDNA and dsDNA in Tris-buffer resulting in bionanocomposite formation with mass weight relation nanoparticles: DNA 1:(0.083 +/- 0.003) and 1:(0.075 +/- 0.003) respectively. The mechanism of interaction between a DNA and cobalt ferrite nanoparticles was considered basing on the whole set of obtained data: FTIR-spectroscopy, analyzing desorption of DNA from the surface of the particles while changing the chemical content of the medium, and on the modeling interaction of specific biomolecule fragments with surface of a inorganic material. It was supposed that the linkage was based on coordination interaction of the phosphate groups and oxygen atoms heterocyclic bases of DNA with metal ions on the particle surface. These data can be used to design specific magnetic DNA-nanoparticles hybrid structures. PMID:21449452

Pershina, A G; Sazonov, A E; Novikov, D V; Knyazev, A S; Izaak, T I; Itin, V I; Naiden, E P; Magaeva, A A; Terechova, O G

2011-03-01

42

An aqueous method for the controlled manganese (Mn(2+)) substitution in superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for contrast enhancement in MRI.  

PubMed

Despite the success in the use of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) for various scientific applications, its potential in biomedical fields has not been exploited to its full potential. In this context, an in situ substitution of Mn(2+) was performed in SPION and a series of ferrite particles, MnxFe1-xFe2O4 with a varying molar ratio of Mn(2+)?:?Fe(2+) where 'x' varies from 0-0.75. The ferrite particles obtained were further studied in MRI contrast applications and showed appreciable enhancement in their MRI contrast properties. Manganese substituted ferrite nanocrystals (MnIOs) were synthesized using a novel, one-step aqueous co-precipitation method based on the use of a combination of sodium hydroxide and trisodium citrate (TSC). This approach yielded the formation of highly crystalline, superparamagnetic MnIOs with good control over their size and bivalent Mn ion crystal substitution. The presence of a TSC hydrophilic layer on the surface facilitated easy dispersion of the materials in an aqueous media. Primary characterizations such as structural, chemical and magnetic properties demonstrated the successful formation of manganese substituted ferrite. More significantly, the MRI relaxivity of the MnIOs improved fourfold when compared to SPION crystals imparting high potential for use as an MRI contrast agent. Further, the cytocompatibility and blood compatibility evaluations demonstrated excellent cell morphological integrity even at high concentrations of nanoparticles supporting the non-toxic nature of nanoparticles. These results open new horizons for the design of biocompatible water dispersible ferrite nanoparticles with good relaxivity properties via a versatile and easily scalable co-precipitation route. PMID:25586703

Ereath Beeran, Ansar; Nazeer, Shaiju S; Fernandez, Francis Boniface; Muvvala, Krishna Surendra; Wunderlich, Wilfried; Anil, Sukumaran; Vellappally, Sajith; Ramachandra Rao, M S; John, Annie; Jayasree, Ramapurath S; Harikrishna Varma, P R

2015-01-28

43

Induced size effect on Ni doped Nickel Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nickel zinc ferrite (NixZn1-xFe2O4 where x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5) nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. The doping effect of nickel ions on crystalline phase, size, particle size, and saturation magnetization (M S) are investigated. The XRD patterns confirm the single crystalline phase of the nanoparticles. The lattice parameter decreases with increase in Ni content and reduces lattice strain. HRTEM images reveal the crystalline nature of nanoparticles with size distribution in 10-30 nm range. The M-H curve exhibit the superparamagnetic nature of x = 0.1 and x = 0.3 samples and ferromagnetic nature for x = 0.5 sample. Ms increases with rise in Ni2+ ions concentration. These ferrite nanoparticles are suitable for ferrofluids applications.

Kumar, Ashok; Annveer; Arora, Manju; Yadav, M. S.; Panta, R. P.

44

Induced size effect on Ni doped Nickel Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nickel zinc ferrite (NixZn1?xFe2O4 where x=0.1, 0.3, 0.5) nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. The doping effect of nickel ions on crystalline phase, size, particle size, and saturation magnetization (M S) are investigated. The XRD patterns confirm the single crystalline phase of the nanoparticles. The lattice parameter decreases with increase in Ni content and reduces lattice strain. HRTEM images

Ashok Kumar; Annveer; Manju Arora; M. S. Yadav; R. P. Panta

2010-01-01

45

Magnetic, electric and thermal properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles , N. Mlikia  

E-print Network

1 Magnetic, electric and thermal properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles L.Ajroudia , N. Mlikia to occupy tetrahedral sites, contrary to what occurs in bulk ferrites. The nanopowders display a semi constant is significantly higher for these nanoparticles than for bulk ferrites. Co1.8Fe1.2O4 hal-01053683

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

Ultrasonic cavitation induced water in vegetable oil emulsion droplets--a simple and easy technique to synthesize manganese zinc ferrite nanocrystals with improved magnetization.  

PubMed

In the present investigation, synthesis of manganese zinc ferrite (Mn(0.5)Zn(0.5)Fe(2)O(4)) nanoparticles with narrow size distribution have been prepared using ultrasound assisted emulsion (consisting of rapeseed oil as an oil phase and aqueous solution of Mn(2+), Zn(2+) and Fe(2+) acetates) and evaporation processes. The as-prepared ferrite was nanocrystalline. In order to remove the small amount of oil present on the surface of the ferrite, it was subjected to heat treatment at 300 °C for 3h. Both the as-prepared and heat treated ferrites have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), TGA/DTA, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersion X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. As-prepared ferrite is of 20 nm, whereas the heat treated ferrite shows the size of 33 nm. In addition, magnetic properties of the as-prepared as well as the heat treated ferrites have also been carried out and the results of which show that the spontaneous magnetization (?(s)) of the heat treated sample (24.1 emu/g) is significantly higher than that of the as-synthesized sample (1.81 emu/g). The key features of this method are avoiding (a) the cumbersome conditions that exist in the conventional methods; (b) usage of necessary additive components (stabilizers or surfactants, precipitants) and (c) calcination requirements. In addition, rapeseed oil as an oil phase has been used for the first time, replacing the toxic and troublesome organic nonpolar solvents. As a whole, this simple straightforward sonochemical approach results in more phase pure system with improved magnetization. PMID:22113061

Sivakumar, Manickam; Towata, Atsuya; Yasui, Kyuichi; Tuziuti, Toru; Kozuka, Teruyuki; Iida, Yasuo; Maiorov, Michail M; Blums, Elmars; Bhattacharya, Dipten; Sivakumar, Neelagesi; Ashok, M

2012-05-01

47

Strong and moldable cellulose magnets with high ferrite nanoparticle content.  

PubMed

A major limitation in the development of highly functional hybrid nanocomposites is brittleness and low tensile strength at high inorganic nanoparticle content. Herein, cellulose nanofibers were extracted from wood and individually decorated with cobalt-ferrite nanoparticles and then for the first time molded at low temperature (<120 °C) into magnetic nanocomposites with up to 93 wt % inorganic content. The material structure was characterized by TEM and FE-SEM and mechanically tested as compression molded samples. The obtained porous magnetic sheets were further impregnated with a thermosetting epoxy resin, which improved the load-bearing functions of ferrite and cellulose material. A nanocomposite with 70 wt % ferrite, 20 wt % cellulose nanofibers, and 10 wt % epoxy showed a modulus of 12.6 GPa, a tensile strength of 97 MPa, and a strain at failure of ca. 4%. Magnetic characterization was performed in a vibrating sample magnetometer, which showed that the coercivity was unaffected and that the saturation magnetization was in proportion with the ferrite content. The used ferrite, CoFe2O4, is a magnetically hard material, demonstrated by that the composite material behaved as a traditional permanent magnet. The presented processing route is easily adaptable to prepare millimeter-thick and moldable magnetic objects. This suggests that the processing method has the potential to be scaled-up for industrial use for the preparation of a new subcategory of magnetic, low-cost, and moldable objects based on cellulose nanofibers. PMID:25331121

Galland, Sylvain; Andersson, Richard L; Ström, Valter; Olsson, Richard T; Berglund, Lars A

2014-11-26

48

Oriented attachment explains cobalt ferrite nanoparticle growth in bioinspired syntheses  

PubMed Central

Summary Oriented attachment has created a great debate about the description of crystal growth throughout the last decade. This aggregation-based model has successfully described biomineralization processes as well as forms of inorganic crystal growth, which could not be explained by classical crystal growth theory. Understanding the nanoparticle growth is essential since physical properties, such as the magnetic behavior, are highly dependent on the microstructure, morphology and composition of the inorganic crystals. In this work, the underlying nanoparticle growth of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles in a bioinspired synthesis was studied. Bioinspired syntheses have sparked great interest in recent years due to their ability to influence and alter inorganic crystal growth and therefore tailor properties of nanoparticles. In this synthesis, a short synthetic version of the protein MMS6, involved in nanoparticle formation within magnetotactic bacteria, was used to alter the growth of cobalt ferrite. We demonstrate that the bioinspired nanoparticle growth can be described by the oriented attachment model. The intermediate stages proposed in the theoretical model, including primary-building-block-like substructures as well as mesocrystal-like structures, were observed in HRTEM measurements. These structures display regions of substantial orientation and possess the same shape and size as the resulting discs. An increase in orientation with time was observed in electron diffraction measurements. The change of particle diameter with time agrees with the recently proposed kinetic model for oriented attachment. PMID:24605288

Hetaba, Walid; Wißbrock, Marco; Löffler, Stefan; Mill, Nadine; Eckstädt, Katrin; Dreyer, Axel; Ennen, Inga; Sewald, Norbert; Schattschneider, Peter; Hütten, Andreas

2014-01-01

49

Oriented attachment explains cobalt ferrite nanoparticle growth in bioinspired syntheses.  

PubMed

Oriented attachment has created a great debate about the description of crystal growth throughout the last decade. This aggregation-based model has successfully described biomineralization processes as well as forms of inorganic crystal growth, which could not be explained by classical crystal growth theory. Understanding the nanoparticle growth is essential since physical properties, such as the magnetic behavior, are highly dependent on the microstructure, morphology and composition of the inorganic crystals. In this work, the underlying nanoparticle growth of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles in a bioinspired synthesis was studied. Bioinspired syntheses have sparked great interest in recent years due to their ability to influence and alter inorganic crystal growth and therefore tailor properties of nanoparticles. In this synthesis, a short synthetic version of the protein MMS6, involved in nanoparticle formation within magnetotactic bacteria, was used to alter the growth of cobalt ferrite. We demonstrate that the bioinspired nanoparticle growth can be described by the oriented attachment model. The intermediate stages proposed in the theoretical model, including primary-building-block-like substructures as well as mesocrystal-like structures, were observed in HRTEM measurements. These structures display regions of substantial orientation and possess the same shape and size as the resulting discs. An increase in orientation with time was observed in electron diffraction measurements. The change of particle diameter with time agrees with the recently proposed kinetic model for oriented attachment. PMID:24605288

Wolff, Annalena; Hetaba, Walid; Wißbrock, Marco; Löffler, Stefan; Mill, Nadine; Eckstädt, Katrin; Dreyer, Axel; Ennen, Inga; Sewald, Norbert; Schattschneider, Peter; Hütten, Andreas

2014-01-01

50

Development of synthesis method for spinel ferrite magnetic nanoparticle and its superparamagnetic properties.  

E-print Network

??The magnetic spinel ferrite nanoparticle is exceptionally intriguing nanocrystal system due to the industrial importance of various technical applications and the scientific significance of studying… (more)

Han, Man Huon

2008-01-01

51

Synthesis, characterisation, and applications of Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper deals with the synthesis, characterization, and some applications of Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles. The Mn-Zn ferrite was prepared from metallic nitrates, iron citrate and citric acid with the co-precipitation method with different pH values and it was further used to synthesis Mn-Zn ferrite with polariser i.e. H IIO II (Hydrogen peroxide). The X-ray diffraction pattern shows the single phase spinel structure of the ferrites. The effect of pH and the oxidizing agent on the electrical properties of Mn-Zn ferrite was studied. The d.c. resistivity is improved with the pH value and further improved by the addition of H IIO II (Hydrogen peroxide), which acts as a strong oxidizing agent. The dielectric constant decreases with increasing pH value; at the same time the dielectric loss also decreases. Further the decrease in dielectric properties by addition of oxidizing agent are justified by inverse proportionality between resistivity and dielectric constant.

Lal, Madan; Sharma, D. K.; Singh, M.

2006-03-01

52

Barium ferrite nanoparticles prepared directly by aerosol pyrolysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

BaFe12O19 nanoparticles, 10 nm in diameter, have been obtained by combination of two methods, the citrate precursor and the aerosol pyrolysis technique. For the first time, well-crystallised barium ferrite particles were obtained by pyrolysis of an aerosol, produced by ultrasonic frequency spraying of a barium iron citrate aqueous solution, in a tubular furnace at 1000°C, without further heat treatment. The

T González-Carreño; M. P Morales; C. J Serna

2000-01-01

53

Synthesis and characterization of Ni–Zn ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nickel zinc ferrite nanoparticles NixZn1?xFe2O4 (x=0.1, 0.3, 0.5) have been synthesized by a chemical co-precipitation method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance, dc magnetization and ac susceptibility measurements. The X-ray diffraction patterns confirm the synthesis of single crystalline NixZn1?xFe2O4 nanoparticles. The lattice parameter decreases with increase in Ni content resulting in a

G. S. Shahane; Ashok Kumar; Manju Arora; R. P. Pant; Krishan Lal

2010-01-01

54

Structural And Magnetic Properties Of Ni-Zn Ferrite Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nickel zinc ferrite nanoparticles of the composition NixZn1-xFe2O4 (x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5) have been synthesized by the chemical co-precipitation method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, TEM, EPR, DC magnetization and AC susceptibility measurements. The X-ray diffraction patterns confirm the synthesis of single crystalline phase of NixZn1-xFe2O4 (x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5) nanoparticles. Lattice parameter decreases with the

G. S. Shahane; Ashok Kumar; R. P. Pant; Krishan Lal

2010-01-01

55

Microstructural Evolution Model of the Sintering Behavior and Magnetic Properties of NiZn Ferrite Nanoparticles  

E-print Network

Microstructural Evolution Model of the Sintering Behavior and Magnetic Properties of NiZn Ferrite jlwoods@andrew.cmu.edu, c SCalvin@slc.edu, d jhuth@Spang.co, e mm7g@andrew.cmu.edu Keywords: Ferrite, nanoparticle, sintering, microstructure. Abstract. The sintering of RF plasma synthesized NiZn ferrite

McHenry, Michael E.

56

Chemisorption of cyanogen chloride by spinel ferrite magnetic nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Spinel ferrite magnetic nanoparticles, MnFe2O4, NiFe2O4, and CoFe2O4, were synthesized and used as gas-phase adsorbents for the removal of cyanogen chloride from dry air. Fixed-bed adsorption breakthrough experiments show adsorption wave behavior at the leading edge of the breakthrough curve that is not typical of physically adsorbed species. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results indicate that CK is reacting with the spinel ferrite surface and forming a carbamate species. The reaction is shown to be a function of the hydroxyl groups and adsorbed water on the surface of the particles as well as the metallic composition of the particles. The surface reaction decreases the remnant and saturation magnetism of the MnFe2O4 and CoFe2O4 particles by approximately 25%. PMID:23540752

Glover, T Grant; DeCoste, Jared B; Sabo, Daniel; Zhang, Z John

2013-05-01

57

Resistive switching properties of manganese oxide nanoparticles with hexagonal shape  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Uniformly sized hexagonal shaped manganese oxide (MnO) nanoparticles were chemically synthesized. The bipolar resistive switching characteristics were investigated in the Ti/MnO/Pt structure. The nanoparticles were assembled as close-packed monolayer with a thickness of 30 nm by dip-coating and annealing procedures. The bipolar resistive switching behaviors in Ti/MnO/Pt device could be caused by the formation and rupture of conductive filaments in the nanoparticles. The temperature dependence of resistance was discussed. The resistance of HRS presented a negative temperature dependence at high temperature, indicating a typical semiconducting behavior. The resistance of LRS increased with the elevated temperature exhibiting a metallic state. Ohmic conduction, space charge limited conduction (SCLC), and Schottky conduction have been investigated for the conduction and switching mechanism.

Hu, Quanli; Park, Mira; Abbas, Yawar; Kim, Jai Soon; Yoon, Tae-Sik; Choi, Young Jin; Kang, Chi Jung

2015-01-01

58

Preparation of cobalt-ferrite nanoparticles within a biopolymer template  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using an in-situ co-precipitation reaction from solid dissolutions of stoichiometric amounts of Fe (III) and Co (II) inorganic salts, it was prepared highly loaded nanocomposites (as high as 75% w/w) of cobalt-ferrite nanoparticles within a chitosan matrix, with particle size of about 7 nm, narrow particle size distribution and superparamagnetic character. Nanocomposite samples were characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), UV-vis spectrometry and magnetic measurements by SQUID, using magnetization-field dependent, M(H), and magnetization-temperature dependent, M(T), studies.

Garza, Marco; González, Virgilio; Torres-Castro, Alejandro; Hinojosa, Moisés; Ortíz, Ubaldo

2008-03-01

59

Non-stoichiometric zinc-ferrite spinel nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

When prepared as a bulk material, ZnFe2O4 has a normal spinel structure with Zn2+ incorporated almost exclusively at the tetrahedral lattice sites and Fe3+ at the octahedral sites ((Zn)[Fe2]O4). Due to its “rigid” structure, its composition is also closely defined at Zn2+\\/Fe3+ ? 0.5. However, when prepared as nanoparticles, a significant proportion of Zn can enter the zinc-ferrite structure at the\\u000a octahedral

D. Makovec; M. Drofenik

2008-01-01

60

The structure of compositionally constrained zinc-ferrite spinel nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

ZnFe2O4 bulk material shows a normal-spinel structure and a closely defined composition at Zn2+\\/Fe3+ ? 0.5. However, the composition of zinc ferrite, prepared as nanoparticles, can be varied in a broad range without losing\\u000a the single-phase spinel structure. In this article, structural mechanisms enabling this non-stoichiometry were studied using\\u000a the X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) in combination with X-ray diffractometry (XRD), transmission

Darko Makovec; Alojz Kodre; Iztok Ar?on; Miha Drofenik

2011-01-01

61

Magnetic properties of mixed cobalt–zinc ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solid solutions of nonstoichiometric mixed cobalt–zinc ferrite nanoparticles Co0.73yZn0.73(1?y)Fe2.18□0.09O4, were prepared in order to study their magnetic properties as a function of cobalt content y. The saturation magnetization changes with increasing y due to the various occupancies of cations in tetrahedral and octahedral sites and\\/or to an increase in the disorder of the ferrimagnetic structure. The cobalt content and particle

J. F. Hochepied; M. P. Pileni

2000-01-01

62

Magnetic properties of mixed cobalt-zinc ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solid solutions of nonstoichiometric mixed cobalt-zinc ferrite nanoparticles Co0.73yZn0.73(1-y)Fe2.18□0.09O4, were prepared in order to study their magnetic properties as a function of cobalt content y. The saturation magnetization changes with increasing y due to the various occupancies of cations in tetrahedral and octahedral sites and\\/or to an increase in the disorder of the ferrimagnetic structure. The cobalt content and particle

J. F. Hochepied; M. P. Pileni

2000-01-01

63

The role of annealing temperature and bio template (egg white) on the structural, morphological and magnetic properties of manganese substituted MFe2O4 (M=Zn, Cu, Ni, Co) nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese substituted ferrites (ZnFe2O4, CuFe2O4, NiFe2O4 and CoFe2O4) have been prepared in the bio template medium by using a simple evaporation method. The annealing temperature plays an important position on changing particle size and morphology of the mixed ferrite nanoparticles were found out by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy methods. The role of manganese substitution in the mixed ferrite nanoparticles were also analyzed for different annealing temperature. The substitution of Mn also creates a vital change in magnetic properties which is studied by using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). These spinel ferrites are decomposed to ?-Fe2O3 after annealing above 550 °C in air. However, ?-Fe2O3 phase was slowly vanished after ferrites annealing above 900 °C. The effect of this secondary phase on the structural change and magnetic properties of the mixed ferrite nanoparticles is discussed.

Ranjith Kumar, E.; Jayaprakash, R.; Kumar, Sanjay

2014-02-01

64

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Collogue CI, supplement au n 4, Tome 38, Avril 1977, page Cl-27 PERMEABILITY MECHANISMS IN MANGANESE ZINC FERRITES  

E-print Network

MECHANISMS IN MANGANESE ZINC FERRITES J. E. KNOWLES Mullard Research Laboratories Redhill, Surrey RH1 5HA des parois et des rotations à la perméabilité. Dans un ferrite à perméabilité élevée /iT et iï" sont ferrite à petits grains et faibles pertes fiT est alors maximal mais /iw et v sont minima. Ceci est

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Physical and magnetic properties of highly aluminum doped strontium ferrite nanoparticles prepared by auto-combustion route  

E-print Network

Physical and magnetic properties of highly aluminum doped strontium ferrite nanoparticles prepared-Hexaferrite Al doped Sr-Ferrite High Coercivity Ferrite a b s t r a c t Highly Al3þ ion doped nanocrystalline Sr microscope show growth of needle shaped ferrites with high aspect ratio at Al3þ ion content exceeding xZ2. Al

Liu, J. Ping

66

Magnetoactive feature of in-situ polymerised polyaniline film developed on the surface of manganese-zinc ferrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A polyaniline film exhibits magnetoactive properties when deposited on the surface of multidomain particles of manganese-zinc ferrite during in-situ polymerisation of aniline. This is reflected in the increased coercivity and thermomagnetic stability of an in-situ prepared composite compared with bare ferrite and its mixed composite with polyaniline. In addition, the deposition of a polyaniline film results in a shift of the complex-permeability dispersion region towards ultrahigh frequency band. These changes in the magnetic properties of polyaniline-coated ferrite are attributed to the increased value of the inner demagnetisation factor, which results from stress-induced magnetic anisotropy due to the pinning of domain walls appearing on the surface of ferrite. This study is focused on the mechanism of pinning of domain walls and its influence on the magnetic properties of in-situ prepared composites in terms of the molecular mechanism of oxidative polymerisation of aniline. Ferrite stimulates the propagation of polyaniline chains, which start to grow on the domain walls on the ferrite surface. It leads to the pinning of domain walls and restricts their mobility in a magnetic field. The further increase in the coercivity and the resonance frequency of polyaniline-coated ferrite due to film shrinkage after deprotonation of polyaniline makes it obvious that polyaniline coating induces elastic stresses in a ferrite particle that stimulate the growth of the effective magnetic anisotropy. Stress-induced magnetic anisotropy contributes to the reorientation of the magnetisation vectors in domains with respect to the new directions of easy magnetisation, given by magnetoelastic stresses, which leads to complex changes in the magnetic properties of in-situ prepared composites.

Babayan, V.; Kazantseva, N. E.; Sapurina, I.; Mou?ka, R.; Vil?áková, J.; Stejskal, J.

2012-07-01

67

Zinc ferrite nanoparticles as MRI contrast agentsw Carlos Ba rcena,a  

E-print Network

Zinc ferrite nanoparticles as MRI contrast agentsw Carlos Ba´ rcena,a Amandeep K. Sra,a Girija S, a series of spinel-structured ferrites, MFe2O4 (M = Mn2+ , Fe2+ , Co2+ , Ni2+ ), were reported as novel MRI.e., Mn2+ occupies both A and B sites), whereas the other metal ferrites have an inverse spinel structure

Gao, Jinming

68

Cytotoxicity of nickel zinc ferrite nanoparticles on cancer cells of epithelial origin  

PubMed Central

In this study, in vitro cytotoxicity of nickel zinc (NiZn) ferrite nanoparticles against human colon cancer HT29, breast cancer MCF7, and liver cancer HepG2 cells was examined. The morphology, homogeneity, and elemental composition of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, respectively. The exposure of cancer cells to NiZn ferrite nanoparticles (15.6–1,000 ?g/mL; 72 hours) has resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth determined by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. The quantification of caspase-3 and -9 activities and DNA fragmentation to assess the cell death pathway of the treated cells showed that both were stimulated when exposed to NiZn ferrite nanoparticles. Light microscopy examination of the cells exposed to NiZn ferrite nanoparticles demonstrated significant changes in cellular morphology. The HepG2 cells were most prone to apoptosis among the three cells lines examined, as the result of treatment with NiZn nanoparticles. In conclusion, NiZn ferrite nanoparticles are suggested to have potential cytotoxicity against cancer cells. PMID:23885175

Al-Qubaisi, Mothanna Sadiq; Rasedee, Abdullah; Flaifel, Moayad Husein; Ahmad, Sahrim HJ; Hussein-Al-Ali, Samer; Hussein, Mohd Zobir; Eid, Eltayeb EM; Zainal, Zulkarnain; Saeed, Mohd; Ilowefah, Muna; Fakurazi, Sharida; Isa, Norhaszalina Mohd; Zowalaty, Mohamed Ezzat El

2013-01-01

69

Dielectric properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles in ultrathin nanocomposite films.  

PubMed

Multilayered nanocomposite films (thickness 50-90 nm) of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (np-CoFe2O4, 18 nm) were deposited on top of interdigitated microelectrodes by the layer-by-layer technique in order to study their dielectric properties. For that purpose, two different types of nanocomposite films were prepared by assembling np-CoFe2O4 either with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxy thiophene):poly(styrene sulfonic acid) or with polyaniline and sulfonated lignin. Despite the different film architectures, the morphology of both was dominated by densely-packed layers of nanoparticles surrounded by polyelectrolytes. The dominant effect of np-CoFe2O4 was also observed after impedance spectroscopy measurements, which revealed that dielectric behavior of the nanocomposites was largely influenced by the charge transport across nanoparticle-polyelectrolyte interfaces. For example, nanocomposites containing np-CoFe2O4 exhibited a single low-frequency relaxation process, with time constants exceeding 15 ms. At 1 kHz, the dielectric constant and the dissipation factor (tan ?) of these nanocomposites were 15 and 0.15, respectively. These values are substantially inferior to those reported for pressed pellets made exclusively of similar nanoparticles. Impedance data were further fitted with equivalent circuit models from which individual contributions of particle's bulk and interfaces to the charge transport within the nanocomposites could be evaluated. The present study evidences that such nanocomposites display a dielectric behavior dissimilar from that exhibited by their individual counterparts much likely due to enlarged nanoparticle-polyelectrolyte interfaces. PMID:24145704

Alcantara, Gustavo B; Paterno, Leonardo G; Fonseca, Fernando J; Pereira-da-Silva, Marcelo A; Morais, Paulo C; Soler, Maria A G

2013-12-01

70

Direct dyes removal using modified magnetic ferrite nanoparticle  

PubMed Central

The magnetic adsorbent nanoparticle was modified using cationic surface active agent. Zinc ferrite nanoparticle and cetyl trimethylammonium bromide were used as an adsorbent and a surface active agent, respectively. Dye removal ability of the surface modified nanoparticle as an adsorbent was investigated. Direct Green 6 (DG6), Direct Red 31 (DR31) and Direct Red 23 (DR23) were used. The characteristics of the adsorbent were studied using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The effect of adsorbent dosage, initial dye concentration and salt was evaluated. In ternary system, dye removal of the adsorbent at 90, 120, 150 and 200 mg/L dye concentration was 63, 45, 30 and 23% for DR23, 97, 90, 78 and 45% for DR31 and 51, 48, 42 and 37% for DG6, respectively. It was found that dye adsorption onto the adsorbent followed Langmuir isotherm. The adsorption kinetic of dyes was found to conform to pseudo-second order kinetics. PMID:24991427

2014-01-01

71

Preparation and characterization of complex ferrite nanoparticles by a polymer-pyrolysis route  

Microsoft Academic Search

The polymer-pyrolysis route used in this work was to synthesize the copolymeric precursor of the mixed metallic ions and then\\u000a to pyrolyze the precursor into complex spinel ferrite nanoparticles. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that the complex\\u000a ferrite nanoparticles could be obtained by calcination of their precursors at 500°C. The structures, elemental analyses and\\u000a particle morphology of the as-calcined products were

Xian-Ming Liu; Shao-Yun Fu; Hong-Mei Xiao; Lu-Ping Zhu

2007-01-01

72

Cellular Uptake and Biocompatibility of Bismuth Ferrite Harmonic Advanced Nanoparticles  

E-print Network

Bismuth Ferrite (BFO) nanoparticles (BFO-NP) display interesting optical (nonlinear response) and magnetic properties which make them amenable for bio-oriented applications as intra- and extra membrane contrast agents. Due to the relatively recent availability of this material in well dispersed nanometric form, its biocompatibility was not known to date. In this study, we present a thorough assessment of the effects of in vitro exposure of human adenocarcinoma (A549), lung squamous carcinoma (NCI-H520), and acute monocytic leukemia (THP-1) cell lines to uncoated and poly(ethylene glycol)-coated BFO-NP in the form of cytotoxicity, haemolytic response and biocompatibility. Our results support the attractiveness of the functional-BFO towards biomedical applications focused on advanced diagnostic imaging.

Staedler, Davide; Magouroux, Thibaud; Rogov, Andrii; Maguire, Ciaran Manus; Mohamed, Bashir M; Schwung, Sebastian; Rytz, Daniel; Jüstel, Thomas; Hwu, Stéphanie; Mugnier, Yannick; Dantec, Ronan Le; Volkov, Yuri; Gerber-Lemaire, Sandrine; Prina-Melloc, Adriele; Bonacina, Luigi; Wolf, Jean-Pierre

2014-01-01

73

Substitution of manganese and iron into hydroxyapatite: Core/shell nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

The bioceramics, hydroxyapatite (HAP), is a material which is biocompatible to the human body and is well suited to be used in hyperthermia applications for the treatment of bone cancer. We investigate the substitution of iron and manganese into the hydroxyapatite to yield ceramics having the empirical formula Ca{sub 9.4}Fe{sub 0.4}Mn{sub 0.2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}(OH){sub 2}. The samples were prepared by the co-precipitation method. The formation of the nanocrystallites in the HAP structure as the heating temperatures were raised to obtain a glass-ceramic system are confirmed by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction (ED) and electron spin resonance (ESR). TEM images show the core/shell structure of the nanoparticles, with the core being formed by the ferrites and the shell by the hydroxyapatite. The ED patterns indicate the nanoparticles formed at 500 deg. C have an amorphous structure while the nanoparticles formed at 1000 deg. C are crystalline. ESR spectroscopy indicated that the Fe{sup 3+} ions have a g-factor of 4.23 and the Mn{sup 2+} ions have a g-factor of 2.01. The values of the parameters in the spin Hamiltonian which describes the interaction between the transition metal ions and the Ca{sup 2+} ions, indicate that the Mn{sup 2+} ion substitute into the Ca{sup 2+} sites which are ninefold coordinated, i.e., the Ca(1) sites.

Pon-On, Weeraphat; Meejoo, Siwaporn [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400 (Thailand); Tang, I.-Ming [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Salaya Campus, Mahidol University, Nakorn Pathom 71730 (Thailand)], E-mail: scimt@mahidol.ac.th

2008-08-04

74

Correlation between structural, magnetic, and dielectric properties of manganese substituted cobalt ferrite  

SciTech Connect

Manganese (Mn) substituted cobalt ferrites (CoFe{sub 2?x}Mn{sub x}O{sub 4}, referred to CFMO) were synthesized and their structural, magnetic, and dielectric properties were evaluated. X-ray diffraction measurements coupled with Rietveld refinement indicate that the CFMO materials crystallize in the inverse cubic spinel phase. Temperature (T?=?300?K and 10?K) dependent magnetization (M(H)) measurements indicate the long range ferromagnetic ordering in CoFe{sub 2?x}Mn{sub x}O{sub 4} (x?=?0.00–0.15) ferrites. The cubic anisotropy constant (K{sub 1}(T)) and saturation magnetization (M{sub s}(T)) were derived by using the “law of approach” to saturation that describes the field dependence of M(H) for magnetic fields much higher than the coercive field (H{sub c}). Saturation magnetization (M{sub s}), obtained from the model, decreases with increasing temperature. For CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, M{sub s} decreases from 3.63??{sub B} per formula unit (f.u.) to 3.47??{sub B}/f.u. with increasing temperature from 10 to 300?K. CFMO (0.00–0.15) exhibit the similar trend while the magnitude of M{sub s} is dependent on Mn-concentration. M{sub s}-T functional relationship obeys the Bloch's law. The lattice parameter and magnetic moment calculated for CFMO reveals that Mn ions occupying the Fe and Co position at the octahedral site in the inverse cubic spinel phase. The structure and magnetism in CFMO are further corroborated by bond length and bond angle calculations. The dielectric constant dispersion of CFMO in the frequency range of 20?Hz–1?MHz fits to the modified Debye's function with more than one ion contributing to the relaxation. The relaxation time and spread factor derived from modeling the experimental data are ?10{sup ?4}?s and ?0.35(±0.05), respectively.

Ramana, C. V., E-mail: rvchintalapalle@utep.edu; Kolekar, Y. D.; Kamala Bharathi, K. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States); Sinha, B. [Functional Nanopowder Material Division, Korea Institute of Material Science, Changwon 642-831, Gyeongnam (Korea, Republic of); Ghosh, K. [Department of Physics, Astronomy and Materials Science, Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri 65897 (United States)

2013-11-14

75

Effect of Substitutions of Zn for Mn on Size and Magnetic Properties of Mn–Zn Ferrite Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study Mn–Zn ferrite nanoparticles (Mn(1?x)Zn\\u000a x\\u000a Fe2O4, x=0, 0.3 and 0.5) were produced by a chemical co-precipitation method. The structure and size of the Mn–Zn ferrite nanoparticles\\u000a were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results show that the ferrite\\u000a nanoparticles have the spinel structure. It was found that the size of Mn–Zn ferrite nanoparticles

A. Amirabadizadeh; H. Farsi; M. Dehghani; H. Arabi

76

Structural And Magnetic Properties Of Ni-Zn Ferrite Nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nickel zinc ferrite nanoparticles of the composition NixZn1-xFe2O4 (x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5) have been synthesized by the chemical co-precipitation method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, TEM, EPR, DC magnetization and AC susceptibility measurements. The X-ray diffraction patterns confirm the synthesis of single crystalline phase of NixZn1-xFe2O4 (x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5) nanoparticles. Lattice parameter decreases with the increase in nickel content. The magnetic measurements shows superparamagnetic nature of the samples for x = 0.1 and 0.3 whereas for x = 0.5 the material shows ferromagnetic nature. The saturation magnetization is low and increases with increase in nickel content. The superparamagnetic nature of the samples is supported by the EPR and ac susceptibility measurement studies. The blocking temperature increases with the nickel concentration. The changes in the magnetic properties have been explained by the redistribution of the cations on A and B sites.

Shahane, G. S.; Kumar, Ashok; Pant, R. P.; Lal, Krishan

2010-10-01

77

Synthesis and characterization of Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nickel zinc ferrite nanoparticles Ni xZn 1- xFe 2O 4 ( x=0.1, 0.3, 0.5) have been synthesized by a chemical co-precipitation method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance, dc magnetization and ac susceptibility measurements. The X-ray diffraction patterns confirm the synthesis of single crystalline Ni xZn 1- xFe 2O 4 nanoparticles. The lattice parameter decreases with increase in Ni content resulting in a reduction in lattice strain. Similarly crystallite size increases with the concentration of Ni. The magnetic measurements show the superparamagnetic nature of the samples for x=0.1 and 0.3 whereas for x=0.5 the material is ferromagnetic. The saturation magnetization is 23.95 emu/g and increases with increase in Ni content. The superparamagnetic nature of the samples is supported by the EPR and ac susceptibility measurement studies. The blocking temperature increases with Ni concentration. The increase in blocking temperature is explained by the redistribution of the cations on tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) sites.

Shahane, G. S.; Kumar, Ashok; Arora, Manju; Pant, R. P.; Lal, Krishan

2010-04-01

78

Dielectric relaxations and alternating current conductivity in manganese substituted cobalt ferrite  

SciTech Connect

Manganese (Mn) substituted cobalt ferrites (CoFe{sub 2-x}Mn{sub x}O{sub 4}, referred to CFMO) have been synthesized by the solid state reaction method and their dielectric properties and ac conductivity have been evaluated as a function of applied frequency and temperature. X-ray diffraction measurements indicate that CFMO crystallize in the inverse cubic spinel phase with a lattice constant ?8.38?Å. Frequency dependent dielectric measurements at room temperature obey the modified Debye model with relaxation time of 10{sup ?4} s and spreading factor of 0.35(±0.05). The frequency (20?Hz–1?MHz) and temperature (T?=?300–900?K) dependent dielectric constant analyses indicate that CFMO exhibit two dielectric relaxations at lower frequencies (1–10?kHz), while completely single dielectric relaxation for higher frequencies (100?kHz–1?MHz). The dielectric constant of CFMO is T-independent up to ?400?K, at which point increasing trend prevails. The dielectric constant increase with T?>?400?K is explained through impedance spectroscopy assuming a two-layer model, where low-resistive grains separated from each other by high-resistive grain boundaries. Following this model, the two electrical responses in impedance formalism are attributed to the grain and grain-boundary effects, respectively, which also satisfactorily accounts for the two dielectric relaxations. The capacitance of the bulk of the grain determined from impedance analyses is ?10?pF, which remains constant with T, while the grain-boundary capacitance increases up to ?3.5 nF with increasing T. The tan ? (loss tangent)-T also reveals the typical behavior of relaxation losses in CFMO.

Kolekar, Y. D.; Sanchez, L. J.; Ramana, C. V., E-mail: rvchintalapalle@utep.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States)

2014-04-14

79

Manganese.  

PubMed

Manganese is a very hard, brittle metal, which is used to increase the strength of steel alloys. Absorption from the gastrointestinal tract occurs in the divalent and tetravalent forms. Permanganates, which are strong oxidizing agents, have a +7 valence. The principal organomanganese compound is the anti-knock additive, methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl. Manganese is a ubiquitous constituent of the environment comprising about 0.1% of the earth's crust. For the general population, food is the most important source of manganese with daily intake ranging from 2-9 mg Mn. Combustion of gasoline containing methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl releases submicron particles of Mn3O4 that are potentially respirable. Biomagnification of manganese in the food chain probably does not occur. The lungs and gastrointestinal tract absorb some manganese, but the relative amounts absorbed from each site are not known. Homeostatic mechanisms limit the absorption of manganese from the gastrointestinal tract. Elimination of manganese occurs primarily by excretion into the bile. Animal studies indicate that manganese is an essential co-factor for enzymes, such as hexokinase, superoxide dismutase, and xanthine oxidase. However, no case of manganese deficiency in humans has been identified. Manganism is a central nervous system disease first described in the 1800s following exposure to high concentrations of manganese oxides. Manganese madness was the term used to describe the initial psychiatric syndrome (compulsive behavior, emotional lability, hallucinations). More commonly, these workers developed a Parkinson's-like syndrome. Currently, the risks of exposure to low concentrations of manganese in the industrial and in the environmental settings (e.g., methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl in gasoline) are being evaluated with regards to the development of subclinical neuropsychological changes. The American Conference of Governmental and Industrial Hygienists recently lowered the TLV-TWA for manganese compounds and inorganic manganese compounds to 0.2 mg Mn/m3. PMID:10382563

Barceloux, D G

1999-01-01

80

Biodistribution and acute toxicity of a nanofluid containing manganese iron oxide nanoparticles produced by a mechanochemical process.  

PubMed

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are candidate contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging and targeted drug delivery. Biodistribution and toxicity assessment are critical for the development of nanoparticle-based drugs, because of nanoparticle-enhanced biological reactivity. Here, we investigated the uptake, in vivo biodistribution, and in vitro and in vivo potential toxicity of manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) nanoparticles, synthesized by an original high-yield, low-cost mechanochemical process. Cultures of murine Balb/3T3 fibroblasts were exposed for 24, 48, or 72 hours to increasing ferrofluid concentrations. Nanoparticle cellular uptake was assessed by flow-cytometry scatter-light measurements and microscopy imaging after Prussian blue staining; cytotoxicity was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and colony-forming assays. After a single intravenous injection, in vivo nanoparticle biodistribution and clearance were evaluated in mice by Mn spectrophotometric determination and Prussian blue staining in the liver, kidneys, spleen, and brain at different posttreatment times up to 21 days. The same organs were analyzed for any possible histopathological change. The in vitro study demonstrated dose-dependent nanoparticle uptake and statistically significant cytotoxic effects from a concentration of 50 ?g/mL for the MTT assay and 20 ?g/mL for the colony-forming assay. Significant increases in Mn concentrations were detected in all analyzed organs, peaking at 6 hours after injection and then gradually declining. Clearance appeared complete at 7 days in the kidneys, spleen, and brain, whereas in the liver Mn levels remained statistically higher than in vehicle-treated mice up to 3 weeks postinjection. No evidence of irreversible histopathological damage to any of the tested organs was observed. A comparison of the lowest in vitro toxic concentration with the intravenously injected dose and the administered dose of other ferrofluid drugs currently in clinical practice suggests that there might be sufficient safety margins for further development of our formulation. PMID:24790434

Bellusci, Mariangela; La Barbera, Aurelio; Padella, Franco; Mancuso, Mariateresa; Pasquo, Alessandra; Grollino, Maria Giuseppa; Leter, Giorgio; Nardi, Elisa; Cremisini, Carlo; Giardullo, Paola; Pacchierotti, Francesca

2014-01-01

81

Oleate Coated Magnetic Cores Based on Magnetite, Zn Ferrite and Co Ferrite Nanoparticles-Preparation, Physical Characterization and Biological Impact on Helianthus Annuus Photosynthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sodium oleate was used as coating shell for magnetite, Zn ferrite and Co ferrite powders to stabilize them in the form of aqueous magnetic suspensions. The physical characterization was carried out by applying X-ray diffraction and magnetization measurements. Both crystallite size and magnetic core diameter ranged between 7 and 11 nm. The influence of magnetic nanoparticle suspensions (corresponding to magnetic

Manuela Ursache-Oprisan; Ecaterina Foca-Nici; Aurelian Cirlescu; Ovidiu Caltun; Dorina Creanga

2010-01-01

82

Embryotoxicity of cobalt ferrite and gold nanoparticles: a first in vitro approach.  

PubMed

Nanoparticles (NPs) are emerging as promising biomedical tools thanks to their peculiar characteristics. Our purpose was to investigate the embryotoxicity of cobalt ferrite and gold NPs through the Embryonic Stem Cell Test (EST). The EST is an in vitro standard assay, which permits to classify substances as strongly, weakly or non-embryotoxic. Due to the particular physical-chemical nature of nanoparticles, we introduced a modification to the standard protocol exposing the Embryonic Stem Cells (ES-D3) to nanoparticles only during the first 5 days of the assay. Moreover, we proposed a method to discriminate and compare the embryotoxicity of the substances within the weakly embryotoxic range. Our ID(50) results permit to classify cobalt ferrite nanoparticles coated with gold and silanes as non-embryotoxic. The remaining nanoparticles have been classified as weakly embryotoxic in this decreasing order: gold salt (HAuCl(4).3H(2)O)>cobalt ferrite salt (CoFe(2)O(4))>cobalt ferrite nanoparticles coated with silanes (Si-CoFe)>gold nanoparticles coated with hyaluronic acid (HA-Au). PMID:20566333

Di Guglielmo, Claudia; López, David Ramos; De Lapuente, Joaquín; Mallafre, Joan Maria Llobet; Suàrez, Miquel Borràs

2010-09-01

83

Photocatalytic ozonation of dyes using copper ferrite nanoparticle prepared by co-precipitation method  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, photocatalytic ozonation of dyes with copper ferrite (CuFe2O4) nanoparticle (CF nanoparticle) prepared by co-precipitation method was investigated. Reactive Red 198 (RR198) and Reactive Red 120 (RR120) were used as dye models. The characteristics of CF nanoparticle were studied using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). UV–Vis and ion chromatography (IC) analyses were employed to

Niyaz Mohammad Mahmoodi

2011-01-01

84

Polyvinyl alcohol functionalized cobalt ferrite nanoparticles for biomedical applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present work, cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (CoFe2O4 NPs) have been synthesized by combustion method. The surface of the CoFe2O4 NPs was modified with biocompatible polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). To investigate effect and nature of coating on the surface of CoFe2O4 NPs, the NPs were characterized X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) results demonstrate the monodispersed characteristics of CoFe2O4 NPs after surface modification with PVA. The decrease in contact angle from 162° to 50° with PVA coating on NPs indicates the transition from hydrophobic nature to hydrophilic. The Magnetic properties measurement system (MPMS) results show that the NPs have ferromagnetic behavior with high magnetization of 75.04 and 71.02 emu/g of uncoated and coated CoFe2O4 NPs respectively. These PVA coated NPs exhibit less toxicity over uncoated CoFe2O4 NPs up to 1.8 mg mL-1 when tested with mouse fibroblast L929 cell line.

Salunkhe, A. B.; Khot, V. M.; Thorat, N. D.; Phadatare, M. R.; Sathish, C. I.; Dhawale, D. S.; Pawar, S. H.

2013-01-01

85

Iron-based soft magnetic composites with MnZn ferrite nanoparticles coating obtained by solgel method  

E-print Network

Iron-based soft magnetic composites with Mn­Zn ferrite nanoparticles coating obtained by sol focuses on iron-based soft magnetic composites which were synthesized by utilizing Mn­Zn ferrite nanoparticles to coat iron powder. The nanocrystalline iron powders, with an average particle diameter of 20 nm

Volinsky, Alex A.

86

Microwave assisted low temperature synthesis of MnZn ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

MnZnFe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles were prepared by co-precipitation method using a microwave heating system at temperature of 100 °C.\\u000a X-ray diffraction reveals the samples as prepared are pure ferrite nanocrystalline phase, transmission electron microscopy\\u000a image analysis shows particles are in agglomeration state with an average size of about 10 nm, furthermore, crystal size of\\u000a samples are increased with longer microwave heating.

Lai Zhenyu; Xu Guangliang; Zheng Yalin

2007-01-01

87

Preparation and characterization of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles coated with fucan and oleic acid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cobalt ferrite has attracted considerable attention in recent years due to its unique physical properties such as high Curie temperature, large magnetocrystalline anisotropy, moderate saturation magnetization, large magnetostrictive coefficient, excellent chemical stability and mechanical hardness. In this work we present the preparation, of fucan coated cobalt ferrite nanoparticles by a modified co-precipitation method and the study of their structural, microstructural and magnetic characteristics for their application as a solid support for enzymes immobilization and other biotechnology applications. Aqueous suspensions of magnetic particles were prepared by coprecipitation of Fe(III) and Co(II) in the presence of NaOH, acid oleic and fucan polymer. The X-ray diffraction indicates that the funtionalization does not degrade the core cobalt ferrite. The infrared (FTIR) bands, indicate the functional characteristics of the coating on the cobalt ferrite. Mössbauer spectra at room temperature indicate the presence of a broadened sextet plus a doublet which is typical of superparamagnetic relaxation. For the Co-ferrite uncoated and coated with fucan the doublets have areas of 36.1 % and 40.3 % respectively, indicating the presence of non-interacting particles and faster relaxation time. The Co-ferrite coated with oleic acid and oleic acid plus fucan have areas around 17.5 % and 17.1 % respectively which indicate a weak superparamagnetic relaxation due to a slow relaxation time. The magnetization measurements of the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with and without coating confirm that they are superparamagnetic and this behavior is produced by the core nanoparticles rather than the coatings. The cobalt ferrite nanoparticles coated with oleic acid presented the highest magnetization than when coating with fucan.

Andrade, P. L.; Silva, V. A. J.; Maciel, J. C.; Santillan, M. M.; Moreno, N. O.; De Los Santos Valladares, L.; Bustamante, Angel; Pereira, S. M. B.; Silva, M. P. C.; Albino Aguiar, J.

2014-01-01

88

A simple model for the magnetocrystalline anisotropy in mixed ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple model, based on the relative occupancy of tetrahedral and octahedral sites by different cations, is proposed for the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of mixed ferrite nanoparticles. According to this model, the total magnetocrystalline anisotropy is the weighted average of the contributions of the anisotropies of Fe3+ and M2+ ions in A and B sites. The model predictions are confirmed in the case of cobalt-zinc ferrite.

de Biasi, R. S.; Cardoso, L. H. G.

2012-09-01

89

The effect of thermal treatment on the magnetic properties of spinel ferrite nanoparticles in magnetic fluids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic properties of ferrites are dependent on the crystalline structure and location of metal ions in the material. The most commonly used materials of nanoparticles in magnetic fluids are chemical stable spinel (2-3) ferrites. The preparation of ferrite nanoparticles for magnetic fluids synthesis needs a special technology. More commonly used is the wet chemical coprecipitation production technology of magnetic nanoparticles for MF. The ferrites synthesized by the wet chemical method have different magnetic characteristics if compared to the ferrites prepared by standard ceramic methods. In this paper, the physical properties of ultrafine complex spinel-type Fe _{2}Co _{0.3}Zn _{0.6}Ca _{0.1}O_{4}, Fe _{1.9}Cd _{0.1}Mn _{0.54}Zn _{0.46}O_{4}, Fe _{2}CoO_{4} and Fe _{2}Zn _{0.6}Mn _{0.3}Ca _{0.1}O_{4} ferrite particles and MF on its base, after their special thermal treatment, are studied. Tables 1, Figs 6, Refs 8.

Kronkalns, G.; Dreimane, A.; Maiorov, M. M.

2008-03-01

90

Manganese  

SciTech Connect

Manganese (Mn) is a hard, brittle, gray-white transition metal, with the most numerous oxidation states of the elements in the first series of the Periodic Table. Since the manganese atom can donate up to seven electrons from its outer two shells, manganese compounds exist with valences from -3 to +7, the most common being +2, +4, and +7. Due to its sulfur-fixing, deoxidizing, and alloying properties, as well as its low cost, the principal commercial application for manganese is in iron and steel production. Manganese is also employed in non-ferrous metallurgy, batteries and chemical processes. Although potentially harmful to the respiratory and nervous systems, manganese is an essential element for animals and humans, and a micronutrient for plants.

Major-Sosias, M.A.

1996-10-01

91

An Approach for Enhancement of Saturation Magnetization in Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles by Incorporation of Terbium Cation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were synthesized by a reverse micelle process. The optimum processing conditions required to fabricate nanocrystalline cobalt ferrite using a reverse micelle technique, especially the effect of water-to-surfactant molar ratios including w = 8, 10, 12, and 14, pH values in the range of 8 to 11, and annealing temperatures in the range of 400°C to 800°C, were evaluated. x-Ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), vibrating-sample magnetometry, and superconducting quantum interference device analysis were employed to evaluate the structural and magnetic properties of synthesized nanoparticles. XRD analysis confirms that the nanoparticles have a single-phase cubic spinel structure. The average particle size increases with increasing pH value and annealing temperature. Magnetization study reveals that the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles exhibit a superparamagnetic trend. The zero-field-cooled magnetization curves of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles indicated that, with an increase in pH value, the blocking temperature increases. Based on the obtained optimum parameters, terbium-substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with composition CoFe2- x Tb x O4 ( x = 0.1 to 0.5) were prepared by a reverse micelle process. XRD and field-emission scanning electron microscopy evaluation demonstrated that single-phase spinel ferrites with narrow size distribution were obtained. Mössbauer spectroscopy was used to determine the site preference of terbium cation. The results confirm that terbium cations were distributed at tetrahedral and octahedral sites, but with a preference for the former. It was observed that, with an increase in terbium content, the saturation magnetization increases.

Sodaee, Tahmineh; Ghasemi, Ali; Paimozd, Ebrahim; Paesano, Andrea; Morisako, Akimitsu

2013-09-01

92

Synthesis of shape controlled ferrite nanoparticles by sonochemical technique.  

PubMed

Synthesis of magnetic iron oxides/ferrites in the nano scale by sonochemical synthesis has become prominent recently. This technique facilitates the synthesis of magnetic particles in the nano scale attributed to the hotspot mechanism arising due to acoustic cavitation induced chemical reaction. Generally volatile organometallic precursor compounds favoring the formation of fully amorphous particles have been used to synthesize various nano magnetic materials. We report here the synthesis of ultrafine, < 10 nm magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles by sonochemical technique starting with a non-volatile precursor iron salt such as iron citrate which seems to favor the formation of semi crystalline/crystalline particles as the reaction takes place either in the interfacial region or in the bulk solution. Mono dispersed, ultra fine, approximately 4 nm spherical shaped magnetic maghemite particles having a saturation magnetization of 58.2 emu/g and coercivity of 118 Oe were obtained at low values of pH, 10 while higher pH, 11-13 favored the formation of elongated, cylindrical, acicular particles with a reduced magnetization. The coercivity was also found to decrease with increasing pH, with it being 118 Oe at pH 10 and 3 Oe at pH 13. When the ultrasound amplitude/intensity was low, 38% heat treatment of the samples at 300 degrees C (at pH 10) was required to make them crystalline, while application of high intensity ultrasound, 50% amplitude served as a single step mechanism for obtaining crystalline maghemite particles. The maghemite particles obtained at a pH of 10 could find applications in information storage media. PMID:19049216

Theerdhala, Sriharsha; Alhat, Devendra; Vitta, Satish; Bahadur, D

2008-08-01

93

Zinc ferrite nanoparticle as a magnetic catalyst: Synthesis and dye degradation  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: Photocatalytic degradation of Reactive Red 198 and Reactive Red 120 by the synthesized zinc ferrite nanoparticle. - Highlights: • Magnetic zinc ferrite nanoparticle was synthesized and characterized. • Photocatalytic dye degradation by magnetic nanoparticle was studied. • Formate, acetate and oxalate were detected as dominant dye degradation aliphatic intermediates. • Nitrate and sulfate ions were detected as mineralization products of dyes. • Zinc ferrite nanoparticle was an effective magnetic photocatalyst to degrade dyes. - Abstract: In this paper, magnetic zinc ferrite (ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) nanoparticle was synthesized and its photocatalytic dye degradation ability from colored wastewater was studied. Reactive Red 198 (RR198) and Reactive Red 120 (RR120) were used as model dyes. The characteristics of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} were investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Photocatalytic dye degradation by ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} was studied by UV–vis spectrophotometer and ion chromatography (IC). The effects of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} dosage, initial dye concentration and salt on dye degradation were evaluated. Formate, acetate and oxalate anions were detected as dominant aliphatic intermediate. Inorganic anions (nitrate and sulfate anions) were detected as dye mineralization products. The results indicated that ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} could be used as a magnetic photocatalyst to degrade dyes from colored wastewater.

Mahmoodi, Niyaz Mohammad, E-mail: mahmoodi@icrc.ac.ir

2013-10-15

94

Abrasion and deformed layer formation of manganese-zinc ferrite in sliding contact with lapping tapes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wear experiments were conducted using replication electron microscopy and reflection electron diffraction to study abrasion and the deformed layers produced in single-crystal Mn-Zn ferrite simulated heads during contact with lapping tapes. The crystaline state of the head is changed drastically during the abrasion process. Crystalline states ranging from nearly amorphous to highly textured polycrystalline can be produced on the wear surface of a single-crystal Mn-Zn ferrite head. The total thickness of the deformed layer was approximately 0.8 microns. This thickness increased as the load and abrasive grit size increased. The anisotropic wear of the ferrite was found to be inversely proportional to the hardness of the wear surface. The wear was lower in the order 211 111 10 0110. The wear of the ferrite increased markedly with an increase in sliding velocity and abrasive grit size.

Miyoshi, K.; Buckley, D. H.; Tanaka, K.

1986-01-01

95

Effect of nanoparticles on the magnetic properties of Mn-Zn soft ferrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, the effect of nanostructures on the magnetic properties like the specific saturation magnetization ( ?S) and the coercivity ( HC) for Mn 0.4Zn 0.6Fe 2O 4 ferrite prepared by the co-precipitation method has been presented. We have shown by means of X-ray diffraction that the resulting ferrite is made up of nanoparticles, and that the average size of these nanoparticles calculated with the Scherrer formula depends upon the sintering temperature. When the sintering temperature is increased from 500 to 900 °C, the average nanoparticle diameter varies from 19.3 to 36.4 nm. The nanoparticle phase is further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Both results are found to be in good agreement. The magnetic properties are explained on the basis of the single-domain and multi-domain theory.

Mathur, Preeti; Thakur, Atul; Singh, M.

96

Moessbauer studies in zinc-manganese ferrites for use in measuring small velocities and accelerations with great precision  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mossbauer spectroscopy was used for a systematic study of the magnetic behavior of manganese and zinc in mixed ferrites. It was observed that Zn2+ has preference to substitute Mn2+ at interstitial sites where the metal ions are tetrahedrally coordinated with four oxygen neighbors. The internal magnetic hyperfine field at the tetrahedral iron site is larger than that at the octahedral site. The relaxation effects were observed to play an important role as the zinc contents were increased, while the spin-correlation time and the magnetic field were observed to decrease in strength. It is concluded that Mossbauer effect data on complex materials, when used in conjunction with other data, can provide useful insight into the origin of the microscopic properties of magnetic materials.

Escue, W. T.; Gupta, R. G.; Mendiratta, R. G.

1975-01-01

97

Induction of apoptosis in cancer cells by NiZn ferrite nanoparticles through mitochondrial cytochrome C release  

PubMed Central

The long-term objective of the present study was to determine the ability of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles to kill cancer cells. NiZn ferrite nanoparticle suspensions were found to have an average hydrodynamic diameter, polydispersity index, and zeta potential of 254.2 ± 29.8 nm, 0.524 ± 0.013, and ?60 ± 14 mV, respectively. We showed that NiZn ferrite nanoparticles had selective toxicity towards MCF-7, HepG2, and HT29 cells, with a lesser effect on normal MCF 10A cells. The quantity of Bcl-2, Bax, p53, and cytochrome C in the cell lines mentioned above was determined by colorimetric methods in order to clarify the mechanism of action of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles in the killing of cancer cells. Our results indicate that NiZn ferrite nanoparticles promote apoptosis in cancer cells via caspase-3 and caspase-9, downregulation of Bcl-2, and upregulation of Bax and p53, with cytochrome C translocation. There was a concomitant collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential in these cancer cells when treated with NiZn ferrite nanoparticles. This study shows that NiZn ferrite nanoparticles induce glutathione depletion in cancer cells, which results in increased production of reactive oxygen species and eventually, death of cancer cells. PMID:24204141

Al-Qubaisi, Mothanna Sadiq; Rasedee, Abdullah; Flaifel, Moayad Husein; Ahmad, Sahrim Hj; Hussein-Al-Ali, Samer; Hussein, Mohd Zobir; Zainal, Zulkarnain; Alhassan, Fatah H; Taufiq-Yap, Yun H; Eid, Eltayeb EM; Arbab, Ismail Adam; Al-Asbahi, Bandar A; Webster, Thomas J; Zowalaty, Mohamed Ezzat El

2013-01-01

98

Study of magnetic and structural properties of ferrofluids based on cobalt-zinc ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ferrofluids are colloidal systems composed of a single domain of magnetic nanoparticles with a mean diameter around 30 nm, dispersed in a liquid carrier. Magnetic Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 (x=0.25, 0.50, 0.75) ferrite nanoparticles were prepared via co-precipitation method from aqueous salt solutions in an alkaline medium. The composition and structure of the samples were characterized through Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy and X-ray

J. López; L. F. González-Bahamón; J. Prado; J. C. Caicedo; G. Zambrano; M. E. Gómez; J. Esteve; P. Prieto

2012-01-01

99

Evaluation of iron-cobalt/ferrite core-shell nanoparticles for cancer thermotherapy  

E-print Network

or thermoablative cancer therapy. Magnetic hyperthermia uses MNPs to heat cancerous regions in an rf field. MetallicEvaluation of iron-cobalt/ferrite core-shell nanoparticles for cancer thermotherapy A. H. Habiba P. Chaudhary Hillman Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA

McHenry, Michael E.

100

Domain size correlated magnetic properties and electrical impedance of size dependent nickel ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report here the investigations on the size dependent variation of magnetic properties of nickel ferrite nanoparticles. Nickel ferrite nanoparticles of different sizes (14 to 22 nm) were prepared by the sol-gel route at different annealing temperatures. They are characterized by TGA-DTA, XRD, SEM, TEM and Raman spectroscopy techniques for the confirmation of the temperature of phase formation, thermal stability, crystallinity, morphology and structural status of the nickel ferrite nanoparticles. The magnetization studies revealed that the saturation magnetization (Ms), retentivity (Mr) increase, while coercivity (Hc) and anisotropy (Keff) decrease as the particle size increases. The observed value of Ms is found to be relatively higher for a particle size of 22 nm. In addition, we have estimated the magnetic domain size using magnetic data and correlated to the average particle size. The calculated magnetic domain size is closely matching with the particle size estimated from XRD. Impedance spectroscopy was employed to study the samples in an equivalent circuit to understand their transport phenomena. It shows that nickel ferrite nanoparticles exhibit a non-Debye behavior with increasing particle size due to the influence of increasing disorders, surface effects, grain size and grain boundaries, etc.

Kamble, Ramesh B.; Varade, Vaibhav; Ramesh, K. P.; Prasad, V.

2015-01-01

101

Comparative Cytogenetic Study on the Toxicity of Magnetite and Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles in Sunflower Root Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this experimental study the authors present their results regarding the cellular division rate and the percentage of chromosomal aberrations in the root meristematic cells of Helianthus annuus cultivated in the presence of different volume fractions of magnetic nanoparticle suspensions, ranging between 20 and 100 microl\\/l. The aqueous magnetic colloids were prepared from chemically co-precipitated ferrites coated in sodium oleate.

Ecaterina Foca-Nici; Gabriela Capraru; Dorina Creanga

2010-01-01

102

Manganese  

MedlinePLUS

... the body, including processing of cholesterol, carbohydrates, and protein. It might also be involved in bone formation. ... the effectiveness of some antibiotics. To avoid this interaction, take manganese supplements at least one hour after ...

103

SAXS study of hexagonal W-type barium ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hexagonal ferrites are a wide family of ferromagnetic oxides, with peculiar and useful properties. The crystal structure of the different known types of hexagonal ferrites (M, W, X, Y, Z and U) is very complex and can be considered as a superposition of R and S blocks along the hexagonal c axis, RSR*S*for M-typeand RSSR*S*S*forW-type, whereR is a three-oxygen-layerblock with

A. Wacha; L. Trif; Z. Varga; G. Goerigk; A. B ´ ota; U. Vainio

104

Frequency-Dependent Magnetic Susceptibility of Magnetite and Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles Embedded in PAA Hydrogel  

PubMed Central

Chemically responsive hydrogels with embedded magnetic nanoparticles are of interest for biosensors that magnetically detect chemical changes. A crucial point is the irreversible linkage of nanoparticles to the hydrogel network, preventing loss of nanoparticles upon repeated swelling and shrinking of the gel. Here, acrylic acid monomers are adsorbed onto ferrite nanoparticles, which subsequently participate in polymerization during synthesis of poly(acrylic acid)-based hydrogels (PAA). To demonstrate the fixation of the nanoparticles to the polymer, our original approach is to measure low-field AC magnetic susceptibility spectra in the 0.1 Hz to 1 MHz range. In the hydrogel, the magnetization dynamics of small iron oxide nanoparticles are comparable to those of the particles dispersed in a liquid, due to fast Néel relaxation inside the particles; this renders the ferrogel useful for chemical sensing at frequencies of several kHz. However, ferrogels holding thermally blocked iron oxide or cobalt ferrite nanoparticles show significant decrease of the magnetic susceptibility resulting from a frozen magnetic structure. This confirms that the nanoparticles are unable to rotate thermally inside the hydrogel, in agreement with their irreversible fixation to the polymer network. PMID:23673482

van Berkum, Susanne; Dee, Joris T.; Philipse, Albert P.; Erné, Ben H.

2013-01-01

105

Frequency-Dependent Magnetic Susceptibility of Magnetite and Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles Embedded in PAA Hydrogel.  

PubMed

Chemically responsive hydrogels with embedded magnetic nanoparticles are of interest for biosensors that magnetically detect chemical changes. A crucial point is the irreversible linkage of nanoparticles to the hydrogel network, preventing loss of nanoparticles upon repeated swelling and shrinking of the gel. Here, acrylic acid monomers are adsorbed onto ferrite nanoparticles, which subsequently participate in polymerization during synthesis of poly(acrylic acid)-based hydrogels (PAA). To demonstrate the fixation of the nanoparticles to the polymer, our original approach is to measure low-field AC magnetic susceptibility spectra in the 0.1 Hz to 1 MHz range. In the hydrogel, the magnetization dynamics of small iron oxide nanoparticles are comparable to those of the particles dispersed in a liquid, due to fast Néel relaxation inside the particles; this renders the ferrogel useful for chemical sensing at frequencies of several kHz. However, ferrogels holding thermally blocked iron oxide or cobalt ferrite nanoparticles show significant decrease of the magnetic susceptibility resulting from a frozen magnetic structure. This confirms that the nanoparticles are unable to rotate thermally inside the hydrogel, in agreement with their irreversible fixation to the polymer network. PMID:23673482

van Berkum, Susanne; Dee, Joris T; Philipse, Albert P; Erné, Ben H

2013-01-01

106

Study of Zn-Cu Ferrite Nanoparticles for LPG Sensing  

PubMed Central

Nanostructured zinc-copper mixed ferrite was synthesized using sol-gel method. XRD patterns of different compositions of zinc-copper ferrite, Zn(1?x)CuxFe2O4 (x = 0.0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75), revealed single phase inverse spinel ferrite in all the samples synthesized. With increasing copper concentration, the crystallite size was found to be increased from 28?nm to 47?nm. The surface morphology of all the samples studied by the Scanning Electron Microscopy there exhibits porous structure of particles throughout the samples. The pellets of the samples are prepared for LPG sensing characteristics. The sensing is carried out at different operating temperatures (200, 225, and 250°C) with the variation of LPG concentrations (0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 vol%). The maximum sensitivity of 55.33% is observed at 250°C operating for the 0.6 vol% LPG. PMID:23864833

Jain, Anuj; Baranwal, Ravi Kant; Bharti, Ajaya; Vakil, Z.; Prajapati, C. S.

2013-01-01

107

Electrical and optical properties of gadolinium doped bismuth ferrite nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

Multiferroic bismuth ferrite (BFO) and gadolinium (Gd) doped bismuth ferrite had been synthesized by a sol-gel method. Particle size had been estimated by Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and found to decrease with Gd doping. We studied the temperature and frequency dependence of impedance and electric modulus and calculated the grain and grain boundary resistance and capacitance of the investigated samples. We observed that electrical activation energy increases for all the doped samples. Optical band gap also increases for the doped samples which can be used in photocatalytic application of BFO.

Mukherjee, A., E-mail: soumen.basu@phy.nitdgp.ac.in; Banerjee, M., E-mail: soumen.basu@phy.nitdgp.ac.in; Basu, S., E-mail: soumen.basu@phy.nitdgp.ac.in [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur-713209 (India); Pal, M. [CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Durgapur-713209 (India)

2014-04-24

108

Manganese nanoparticle activates mitochondrial dependent apoptotic signaling and autophagy in dopaminergic neuronal cells  

SciTech Connect

The production of man-made nanoparticles for various modern applications has increased exponentially in recent years, but the potential health effects of most nanoparticles are not well characterized. Unfortunately, in vitro nanoparticle toxicity studies are extremely limited by yet unresolved problems relating to dosimetry. In the present study, we systematically characterized manganese (Mn) nanoparticle sizes and examined the nanoparticle-induced oxidative signaling in dopaminergic neuronal cells. Differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies revealed that Mn nanoparticles range in size from single nanoparticles ({approx} 25 nM) to larger agglomerates when in treatment media. Manganese nanoparticles were effectively internalized in N27 dopaminergic neuronal cells, and they induced a time-dependent upregulation of the transporter protein transferrin. Exposure to 25-400 {mu}g/mL Mn nanoparticles induced cell death in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Mn nanoparticles also significantly increased ROS, accompanied by a caspase-mediated proteolytic cleavage of proapoptotic protein kinase C{delta} (PKC{delta}), as well as activation loop phosphorylation. Blocking Mn nanoparticle-induced ROS failed to protect against the neurotoxic effects, suggesting the involvement of other pathways. Further mechanistic studies revealed changes in Beclin 1 and LC3, indicating that Mn nanoparticles induce autophagy. Primary mesencephalic neuron exposure to Mn nanoparticles induced loss of TH positive dopaminergic neurons and neuronal processes. Collectively, our results suggest that Mn nanoparticles effectively enter dopaminergic neuronal cells and exert neurotoxic effects by activating an apoptotic signaling pathway and autophagy, emphasizing the need for assessing possible health risks associated with an increased use of Mn nanoparticles in modern applications. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mn nanoparticles activate mitochondrial cell death signaling in dopaminergic neuron. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mn nanoparticles activate caspase-mediated proteolytic cleavage of PKC{delta} cascade. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mn nanoparticles induce autophagy in dopaminergic neuronal cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mn nanoparticles induce loss of TH{sup +} neurons in primary mesencephalic cultures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Study emphasizes neurotoxic risks of Mn nanoparticles to nigral dopaminergic system.

Afeseh Ngwa, Hilary; Kanthasamy, Arthi [Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa Center for Advanced Neurotoxicology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)] [Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa Center for Advanced Neurotoxicology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Gu, Yan; Fang, Ning [Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Anantharam, Vellareddy [Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa Center for Advanced Neurotoxicology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)] [Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa Center for Advanced Neurotoxicology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Kanthasamy, Anumantha G., E-mail: akanthas@iastate.edu [Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa Center for Advanced Neurotoxicology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)

2011-11-15

109

Preparation of magnetic spinel ferrite core\\/shell nanoparticles: Soft ferrites on hard ferrites and vice versa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hard\\/soft CoFe2O4\\/ZnFe2O4 and soft\\/hard ZnFe2O4\\/CoFe2O4 core\\/shell nanoparticles were prepared by combining high-temperature thermolysis of metal oxide precursors with seed-mediated growth. Magnetic properties of the core\\/shell nanoparticles were compared to those of individual CoFe2O4 and ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles of similar size prepared by the same method. The structure of the core\\/shell materials was established using a combination of X-ray and neutron powder

Ombretta Masala; Darin Hoffman; Nalini Sundaram; Katharine Page; Thomas Proffen; Gavin Lawes; Ram Seshadri

2006-01-01

110

Synthesis and magnetic properties of CoFe2O4 spinel ferrite nanoparticles doped with lanthanide ions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lanthanide ions have been doped into cobalt spinel ferrites using an oil-in-water micellar method to form CoLn0.12Fe1.88O4 nanoparticles with Ln=Ce, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, or Er. Doping with lanthanide ions (LnIII) modulates the magnetic properties of cobalt spinel ferrite nanoparticles. In particular cases of Gd3+ or Dy3+ ions, a dramatic increase in the blocking temperature and coercivity is observed. Indeed,

Myrtil L. Kahn; Z. John Zhang

2001-01-01

111

Tuning Magnetic Properties of Magnetic Recording Media Cobalt Ferrite NanoParticles by CoPrecipitation Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetic nano-particles of cobalt ferrite were prepared using co-precipitation method. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope and Raman analysis have confirmed that the formation of cobalt ferrite nano-particles with different particle size depending on the rate of reaction and nucleation. X-ray photoelectron spectrometer analysis indicates that the reaction rate have little influence on the cation distribution in the tetrahedral and octahedral

Shu Chang; Qiao Haoxue

2009-01-01

112

A.C. and D.C. conductivity of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles in wet and dry conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Promising future applications of ferrite nanoparticles in medicine, drug delivery, sensors and ferrofluids are expected to be in wet or humid environments. Therefore nanostructured powders of ferrites having the chemical compositions.NixZn (1?x)Fe2O4 with (x=0.0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1) were pressed immediately after preparation – by the co-precipitation method – without any drying to simulate a humid environment. The nanoparticles

S. A. Saafan; T. M. Meaz; E. H. El-Ghazzawy; M. K. El Nimr; M. M. Ayad; M. Bakr

2010-01-01

113

Precipitation of zinc ferrite nanoparticles in the Fe 2O 3–ZnO–SiO 2 glass system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glass materials in the ZnO–Fe2O3–SiO2 system, containing zinc ferrite nanoparticles, were prepared by the sol–gel method and characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Mössbauer spectroscopy, AC- and DC-magnetization techniques. The gel samples, dried at 130°C, were further heat treated in air at 500 and 800°C. At 500°C zinc ferrite and hematite nanoparticles, with an average size of

M. G. Ferreira da Silva; L. C. J. Pereira; J. C. Waerenborgh

2007-01-01

114

The effect of solution temperature on crystallite size and magnetic properties of Zn substituted Co ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work zinc substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4) have been synthesized by the coprecipitation method, using stable ferric, zinc and cobalt salts with sodium hydroxide, at different solution temperatures, from room temperature to 363K. The cobalt–zinc ferrite crystalline phase, the particle size and the morphology of the resulting nanoparticles were studied by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The

M. Mozaffari; S. Manouchehri; M. H. Yousefi; J. Amighian

2010-01-01

115

Development of Manganese-Based Nanoparticles as Contrast Probes for Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

PubMed Central

MRI is one of the most important imaging tools in clinics. It interrogates nuclei of atoms in a living subject, providing detailed delineation with high spatial and temporal resolutions. To compensate the innate low sensitivity, MRI contrast probes were developed and widely used. These are typically paramagnetic or superparamagnetic materials, functioning by reducing relaxation times of nearby protons. Previously, gadolinium(Gd)-based T1 contrast probes were dominantly used. However, it was found recently that their uses are occasionally associated with nephrogenic system fibrosis (NSF), which suggests a need of finding alternatives. Among the efforts, manganese-containing nanoparticles have attracted much attention. By careful engineering, manganese nanoparticles with comparable r1 relaxivities can be yielded. Moreover, other functionalities, be a targeting motif, a therapeutic agent or a second imaging component, can be loaded onto these nanoparticles, resulting in multifunctional nanoplatforms. PMID:22272218

Zhen, Zipeng; Xie, Jin

2012-01-01

116

Spinel lithium manganese oxide nanoparticles: unique molten salt synthesis strategy and excellent electrochemical performances.  

PubMed

As a promising candidate cathode material, spinel lithium manganese oxide nanoparticles were successfully synthesized through a novel molten salt synthesis route at relatively low temperature, using manganese dioxide nanowires as precursor. A variety of techniques were applied to characterize the spinel nanomaterial, including X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The average particle size of the resulting spinel nanoparticles was about 80 nm with narrow distribution. As cathode material for rechargeable lithium ion battery, the electrochemical properties were investigated. All the results show that the electrochemical performances of the homogeneous spinel nanoparticles were improved, which might be ascribed to large specific surface area, fairly narrow size distribution, and the unique synthesis strategy. PMID:19908558

Wang, Xiong; Zhu, Juanjuan; Liu, Yingjie

2009-11-01

117

Magnetic properties of bio-synthesized zinc ferrite nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic properties of zinc ferrite (Zn-substituted magnetite, Zn{sub y}Fe{sub 1-y}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) formed by a microbial process compared favorably with chemically synthesized materials. A metal reducing bacterium, Thermoanaerobacter, strain TOR-39 was incubated with Zn{sub x}Fe{sub 1-x}OOH (x=0.01, 0.1, and 0.15) precursors and produced nanoparticulate zinc ferrites. Composition and crystalline structure of the resulting zinc ferrites were verified using X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and neutron diffraction. The average composition from triplicates gave a value for y of 0.02, 0.23, and 0.30 with the greatest standard deviation of 0.02. Average crystallite sizes were determined to be 67, 49, and 25 nm, respectively. While crystallite size decreased with more Zn substitution, the lattice parameter and the unit cell volume showed a gradual increase in agreement with previous literature values. The magnetic properties were characterized using a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer and were compared with values for the saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) reported in the literature. The averaged M{sub s} values for the triplicates with the largest amount of zinc (y=0.30) gave values of 100.1, 96.5, and 69.7 emu/g at temperatures of 5, 80, and 300 K, respectively indicating increased magnetic properties of the bacterially synthesized zinc ferrites.

Yeary, Lucas W [ORNL; Moon, Ji Won [ORNL; Rawn, Claudia J [ORNL; Love, Lonnie J [ORNL; Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Thompson, James R [ORNL; Chakoumakos, Bryan C [ORNL; Phelps, Tommy Joe [ORNL

2011-01-01

118

Oleate Coated Magnetic Cores Based on Magnetite, Zn Ferrite and Co Ferrite Nanoparticles - Preparation, Physical Characterization and Biological Impact on Helianthus Annuus Photosynthesis  

SciTech Connect

Sodium oleate was used as coating shell for magnetite, Zn ferrite and Co ferrite powders to stabilize them in the form of aqueous magnetic suspensions. The physical characterization was carried out by applying X-ray diffraction and magnetization measurements. Both crystallite size and magnetic core diameter ranged between 7 and 11 nm. The influence of magnetic nanoparticle suspensions (corresponding to magnetic nanoparticle levels of 10{sup -14}-10{sup -15}/cm{sup 3}) on sunflower seedlings was studied considering the changes in the photosynthesis pigment levels. Similar responses were obtained for magnetite and cobalt ferrite nanoparticle treatment consisting in the apparent inhibition of chlorophyll biosynthesis while for zinc ferrite nanoparticles some concentrations seemed to have stimulatory effects on the chlorophylls as well as on the carotene levels. But the chlorophyll ratio was diminished in the case of all three types of magnetic nanoparticles meaning their slight negative effect on the light harvesting complex II (LHC II) from the chloroplast membranes and consequently on the photosynthesis efficiency.

Ursache-Oprisan, Manuela; Foca-nici, Ecaterina; Cirlescu, Aurelian; Caltun, Ovidiu; Creanga, Dorina [Al. I. Cuza' University, Faculty of Physics, 11A Blvd.Copou, 700506, Iasi (Romania)

2010-12-02

119

Oleate Coated Magnetic Cores Based on Magnetite, Zn Ferrite and Co Ferrite Nanoparticles—Preparation, Physical Characterization and Biological Impact on Helianthus Annuus Photosynthesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sodium oleate was used as coating shell for magnetite, Zn ferrite and Co ferrite powders to stabilize them in the form of aqueous magnetic suspensions. The physical characterization was carried out by applying X-ray diffraction and magnetization measurements. Both crystallite size and magnetic core diameter ranged between 7 and 11 nm. The influence of magnetic nanoparticle suspensions (corresponding to magnetic nanoparticle levels of 10-14-10-15/cm3) on sunflower seedlings was studied considering the changes in the photosynthesis pigment levels. Similar responses were obtained for magnetite and cobalt ferrite nanoparticle treatment consisting in the apparent inhibition of chlorophyll biosynthesis while for zinc ferrite nanoparticles some concentrations seemed to have stimulatory effects on the chlorophylls as well as on the carotene levels. But the chlorophyll ratio was diminished in the case of all three types of magnetic nanoparticles meaning their slight negative effect on the light harvesting complex II (LHC II) from the chloroplast membranes and consequently on the photosynthesis efficiency.

Ursache-Oprisan, Manuela; Foca-nici, Ecaterina; Cirlescu, Aurelian; Caltun, Ovidiu; Creanga, Dorina

2010-12-01

120

Effect of heat treatment on microwave absorption properties of Ni-Zn-Mg-La ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spinel structure Ni-Zn-Mg-La ferrites have been prepared by the sol-gel route and investigated as a radar absorbing material (RAM) in a frequency range of 1-18 GHz. The structure and morphological studies on the nanoparticles of the ferrites have been carried out using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The complex permeability and complex permittivity are measured by a network analyzer. The electromagnetic wave loss and microwave absorbing property are studied as a function of frequency, annealing temperature and thickness of the absorber. The results indicate that electromagnetic wave loss of the ferrite only annealed at 850 °C shows two peaks. The reflection loss varies with the change of the annealing temperature. The absorber annealed at 850 °C exhibits the best microwave absorbing properties, which is suitable for microwave absorption materials.

Liu, Yi; Wei, Shicheng; Xu, Binshi; Wang, Yujiang; Tian, Haoliang; Tong, Hui

2014-01-01

121

Mössbauer spectroscopy, magnetic characteristics, and reflection loss analysis of nickel-strontium substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

In current research work, Co{sub 1-x}Ni{sub x/2}Sr{sub x/2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x?=?0–1 in a step of 0.2) ferrite nanoparticles were synthesized by a sol-gel method. According to the evolution in the subspectral areas obtained from Mössbauer spectroscopy, it was found that the relaxing iron belongs mostly to the site B, since the Mössbauer fraction of site A does not vary appreciably. With an increase in Ni-Sr substitution contents in cobalt ferrite, the coercivity and saturation of magnetization decrease. Variation of reflection loss versus frequency in microwave X-band demonstrates that the reflection peak shifts to lower frequency by adding substituted cations and the synthesized nanoparticles can be considered for application in electromagnetic wave absorber technology.

Ghasemi, Ali, E-mail: ali13912001@yahoo.com [Materials Engineering Department, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Shahin Shahr (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Paesano, Andrea; Cerqueira Machado, Carla Fabiana [Departamento de Física, Centro de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá (Brazil); Shirsath, Sagar E. [Department of Physics, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad (India); Spin Device Technology Center, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, Nagano (Japan); Liu, Xiaoxi; Morisako, Akimitsu [Spin Device Technology Center, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, Nagano (Japan)

2014-05-07

122

Comparative Cytogenetic Study on the Toxicity of Magnetite and Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles in Sunflower Root Cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this experimental study the authors present their results regarding the cellular division rate and the percentage of chromosomal aberrations in the root meristematic cells of Helianthus annuus cultivated in the presence of different volume fractions of magnetic nanoparticle suspensions, ranging between 20 and 100 microl/l. The aqueous magnetic colloids were prepared from chemically co-precipitated ferrites coated in sodium oleate. Tissue samples from the root meristeme of 2-3 day old germinated seeds were taken to prepare microscope slides following Squash method combined with Fuelgen techniques. Microscope investigation (cytogenetic tests) has resulted in the evaluation of mitotic index and chromosomal aberration index that appeared diminished and respectively increased following the addition of magnetic nanoparticles in the culture medium of the young seedlings. Zinc ferrite toxic influence appeared to be higher than that of magnetite, according to both cytogenetic parameters.

Foca-nici, Ecaterina; Capraru, Gabriela; Creanga, Dorina

2010-12-01

123

Mn–Zn ferrite nanoparticles for ferrofluid preparation: Study on thermal–magnetic properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mn1?xZnxFe2O4 (with x varying from 0.1 to 0.5) ferrite nanoparticles used for ferrofluid preparation have been prepared by chemical co-precipitation method and characterized. Characterization techniques like elemental analysis by atomic absorption spectroscopy and spectrophotometry, thermal analysis using simultaneous TG-DTA, XRD, TEM, VSM and Mossbauer spectroscopy have been utilized. The final cation contents estimated agree with the initial degree of substitution.

R. Arulmurugan; G. Vaidyanathan; S. Sendhilnathan; B. Jeyadevan

2006-01-01

124

Finite size and surface effects on the magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cobalt ferrite, CoFe2O4, nanoparticles in the size range 2–15 nm have been prepared using a non-aqueous solvothermal method. The magnetic studies\\u000a indicate a superparamagnetic behavior, showing an increase in the blocking temperatures (ranging from 215 to more than 340 K)\\u000a with the particle size, D\\u000a TEM. Fitting M versus H isotherms to the saturation approach law, the anisotropy constant, K, and the

C. Vázquez-Vázquez; M. A. López-Quintela; M. C. Buján-Núñez; J. Rivas

2011-01-01

125

Mössbauer, X-ray diffraction and AC susceptibility studies on nanoparticles of zinc substituted magnesium ferrite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanoparticles of zinc substituted Mg-ferrite with compositions Mg (1- x)Zn xFe 2O 4 ( x = 0.15, 0.30 and 0.50) having particle sizes in the range 6.4 nm to 21.4 nm prepared by the co-precipitation method were characterized by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffratometry and AC magnetic susceptibility measurements. Mössbauer measurements at room temperature and down to 20 K clearly

B. K. Nath; P. K. Chakrabarti; S. Das; Uday Kumar; P. K. Mukhopadhyay; D. Das

2004-01-01

126

Faraday rotation of cobalt ferrite nanoparticle polymer composite films at cryogenic temperatures.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the behavior of the Verdet constant for cobalt ferrite (CoFe?O?) nanoparticles polymer composite films at low temperatures using a 532 nm laser source. An experimental setup for Faraday rotation (FR) at low temperatures is introduced and FRs were measured at various temperatures. Verdet constants were deduced from the paramagnetic model for terbium gallium garnet glass where ~4× improvement was observed at 40° K for CoFe?O? composite film. PMID:24787165

Demir, Veysi; Gangopadhyay, Palash; Norwood, Robert A; Peyghambarian, Nasser

2014-04-01

127

Structural characterization of microwave-synthesized zinc-substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microwave combustion technique modified by post treatment procedure is used to synthesize single-phase spinel ferrites of\\u000a cobalt, zinc, and substituted magnetic nanoparticles of typical size 390 Å. The post treatment does not alter the crystal\\u000a structure but increases the crystallinity. This is confirmed by powder x-ray diffraction and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR)\\u000a studies. Citric acid is used as a fuel.

Harshida Parmar; Rucha Desai; R. V. Upadhyay

2011-01-01

128

Study of magnetic and structural properties of ferrofluids based on cobalt-zinc ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ferrofluids are colloidal systems composed of a single domain of magnetic nanoparticles with a mean diameter around 30 nm, dispersed in a liquid carrier. Magnetic Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 (x=0.25, 0.50, 0.75) ferrite nanoparticles were prepared via co-precipitation method from aqueous salt solutions in an alkaline medium. The composition and structure of the samples were characterized through Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction, respectively. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) studies permitted determining nanoparticle size; grain size of nanoparticle conglomerates was established via Atomic Force Microscopy. The magnetic behavior of ferrofluids was characterized by Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM); and finally, a magnetic force microscope was used to visualize the magnetic domains of Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction patterns of Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 show the presence of the most intense peak corresponding to the (311) crystallographic orientation of the spinel phase of CoFe2O4. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy confirmed the presence of the bonds associated to the spinel structures; particularly for ferrites. The mean size of the crystallite of nanoparticles determined from the full-width at half maximum of the strongest reflection of the (311) peak by using the Scherrer approximation diminished from (9.5±0.3) nm to (5.4±0.2) nm when the Zn concentration increases from 0.21 to 0.75. The size of the Co-Zn ferrite nanoparticles obtained by TEM is in good agreement with the crystallite size calculated from X-ray diffraction patterns, using Scherer's formula. The magnetic properties investigated with the aid of a VSM at room temperature presented super-paramagnetic behavior, determined by the shape of the hysteresis loop. In this study, we established that the coercive field of Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles, the crystal and nanoparticle sizes determined by X-ray Diffraction and TEM, respectively, decrease with the increase of the Zn at%. Finally, our magnetic nanoparticles are not very hard magnetic materials given that the hysteresis loop is small and for this reason Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 nanoparticles are considered as soft magnetic material.

López, J.; González-Bahamón, L. F.; Prado, J.; Caicedo, J. C.; Zambrano, G.; Gómez, M. E.; Esteve, J.; Prieto, P.

2012-02-01

129

Synthesis and Characterization of Manganese Doped Silicon Nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Mn doped Si nanoparticles have been synthesized via a low temperature solution route and characterize by X-ray powder diffraction, TEM, optical and emission spectroscopy and by EPR. The particle diameter was 4 nm and the surface was capped by octyl groups. 5% Mn doping resulted in a green emission with slightly lower quantum yield than undoped Si nanoparticles prepared by the same method. Mn2+ doped into the nanoparticle is confirmed by epr hyperfine and the charge carrier dynamics were probed by ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy. Both techniques are consistent with Mn2+ on or close to the surface of the nanoparticle. PMID:17691792

Zhang, Xiaoming; Brynda, Marcin; Britt, R. David; Carroll, Elizabeth; Larsen, Delmar S.; Louie, Angelique Y.; Kauzlarich, Susan M.

2008-01-01

130

Comparison effects and electron spin resonance studies of ?-Fe2O4 spinel type ferrite nanoparticles.  

PubMed

?-Fe2O4 spinel type ferrite nanoparticles have been synthesized by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) assisted hydrothermal route by using NaOH solution. Electron spin resonance (ESR/EPR) measurements of ?-Fe2O4 nanoparticles have been performed by a conventional x-band spectrometer at room temperature. The comparison effect of nanoparticles prepared by using CTAB and EDTA in different ?-doping on the structural and morphological properties have been investigated in detail. The effect of EDTA-assisted synthesis for ?-Fe2O4 nanoparticles are refined, and thus the spectroscopic g-factor are detected by using ESR signals. These samples can be considered as great benefits for magnetic recording media, electromagnetic and drug delivery applications. PMID:24858357

Bayrakdar, H; Yalç?n, O; Cengiz, U; Özüm, S; Anigi, E; Topel, O

2014-11-11

131

Comparison effects and electron spin resonance studies of ?-Fe2O4 spinel type ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

?-Fe2O4 spinel type ferrite nanoparticles have been synthesized by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) assisted hydrothermal route by using NaOH solution. Electron spin resonance (ESR/EPR) measurements of ?-Fe2O4 nanoparticles have been performed by a conventional x-band spectrometer at room temperature. The comparison effect of nanoparticles prepared by using CTAB and EDTA in different ?-doping on the structural and morphological properties have been investigated in detail. The effect of EDTA-assisted synthesis for ?-Fe2O4 nanoparticles are refined, and thus the spectroscopic g-factor are detected by using ESR signals. These samples can be considered as great benefits for magnetic recording media, electromagnetic and drug delivery applications.

Bayrakdar, H.; Yalç?n, O.; Cengiz, U.; Özüm, S.; Anigi, E.; Topel, O.

2014-11-01

132

Influence of the morphology of ferrite nanoparticles on the directed assembly into magnetically anisotropic hierarchical structures.  

PubMed

The effect of the morphology of ferrite nanoparticles on their assembly in a magnetic field was studied. Thin BaFe12O19 nanoplatelets were compared with isotropic, spherical or octahedral, CoFe2O4 nanoparticles, all of which were synthesized hydrothermally. The nanoplatelets and nanoparticles assembled into a variety of hierarchical structures from stable suspensions during the "drop deposition" and drying in a magnetic field. The alignment of the nanoparticles in the magnetic field was observed in situ with an optical microscope. The morphologies of the nanoparticles and the subsequent assemblies were observed with transmission and scanning electron microscopes, respectively. The magnetic properties of the nanoparticles and the assemblies were measured with a vibrating-sample magnetometer. The BaFe12O19 nanoplatelets aligned in the plane of the substrate and formed several-micrometers-thick, ordered films with a magnetic alignment of approximately 90%. The CoFe2O4 nanoparticles assembled into thick, dense columns with a height of several hundreds of micrometers and showed a magnetic alignment of up to 60%. The differences in the morphologies and the magnetic alignments between the BaFe12O19 and CoFe2O4 hierarchical structures could be explained in terms of the differences in the shape and magnetocrystalline structure of the specific nanoparticles. PMID:24841592

Lisjak, Darja; Jenuš, Petra; Mertelj, Alenka

2014-06-10

133

Magnetic and structural properties of ferrofluids based on Cobalt-Zinc ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ferrofluids are colloidal systems composed of a single domain of magnetic nanoparticles with a mean diameter around 10 nm, dispersed in a liquid carrier. Magnetic Co(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles were prepared via co-precipitation method from aqueous salt solutions in an alkaline medium. The composition and structure of the samples were characterized through EDX and XRD, respectively. Transmission Electron Microscopy studies permitted determining nanoparticle size. Grain size of nanoparticle conglomerates was established via Atomic Force Microscopy. The magnetic behavior of ferrofluids was characterized by Vibrating Sample Magnetometer; and finally, a Magnetic Force Microscope was used to visualize the magnetic domains of nanoparticles. The mean size of the crystallite of nanoparticles determined by using the Scherrer approximation diminished when the Zn concentration increases. The size of the nanoparticles obtained by TEM is in good agreement with the crystallite size calculated from XRD measures. The magnetic properties investigated at room temperature presented super-paramagnetic behavior, determined by the shape of the hysteresis loop. Finally, our magnetic nanoparticles are considered a soft magnetic material.

Prieto, P.; Lopez, J.; Gomez, M. E.; Prado, J.; Caicedo, J.; Zambrano, G.; Gonzalez, L.; Esteve, J.

2012-02-01

134

Effects of magnetic cobalt ferrite nanoparticles on biological and artificial lipid membranes  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this work is to provide experimental evidence on the interactions of suspended nanoparticles with artificial or biological membranes and to assess the possibility of suspended nanoparticles interacting with the lipid component of biological membranes. Methods 1-Palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) lipid vesicles and human red blood cells were incubated in suspensions of magnetic bare cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) or citric acid (CA)-adsorbed CoFe2O4 nanoparticles dispersed in phosphate-buffered saline and glucose solution. The stability of POPC giant unilamellar vesicles after incubation in the tested nanoparticle suspensions was assessed by phase-contrast light microscopy and analyzed with computer-aided imaging. Structural changes in the POPC multilamellar vesicles were assessed by small angle X-ray scattering, and the shape transformation of red blood cells after incubation in tested suspensions of nanoparticles was observed using scanning electron microscopy and sedimentation, agglutination, and hemolysis assays. Results Artificial lipid membranes were disturbed more by CA-adsorbed CoFe2O4 nanoparticle suspensions than by bare CoFe2O4 nanoparticle suspensions. CA-adsorbed CoFe2O4-CA nanoparticles caused more significant shape transformation in red blood cells than bare CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. Conclusion Consistent with their smaller sized agglomerates, CA-adsorbed CoFe2O4 nanoparticles demonstrate more pronounced effects on artificial and biological membranes. Larger agglomerates of nanoparticles were confirmed to be reactive against lipid membranes and thus not acceptable for use with red blood cells. This finding is significant with respect to the efficient and safe application of nanoparticles as medicinal agents. PMID:24741305

Drašler, Barbara; Drobne, Damjana; Novak, Sara; Valant, Janez; Boljte, Sabina; Otrin, Lado; Rappolt, Michael; Sartori, Barbara; Igli?, Aleš; Kralj-Igli?, Veronika; Šuštar, Vid; Makovec, Darko; Gyergyek, Sašo; Ho?evar, Matej; Godec, Matjaž; Zupanc, Jernej

2014-01-01

135

Silica encapsulated manganese perovskite nanoparticles for magnetically induced hyperthermia without the risk of overheating  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanoparticles of manganese perovskite of the composition La0.75Sr0.25MnO3 uniformly coated with silica were prepared by encapsulation of the magnetic cores (mean crystallite size 24 nm) using tetraethoxysilane followed by fractionation. The resulting hybrid particles form a stable suspension in an aqueous environment at physiological pH and possess a narrow hydrodynamic size distribution. Both calorimetric heating experiments and direct measurements of

O. Kaman; E. Pollert; P. Veverka; M. Veverka; E. Hadová; K. Knízek; M. Marysko; P. Kaspar; M. Klementová; V. Grünwaldová; S. Vasseur; R. Epherre; S. Mornet; G. Goglio; E. Duguet

2009-01-01

136

Highly aluminium doped barium and strontium ferrite nanoparticles prepared by citrate auto-combustion synthesis  

SciTech Connect

Aluminium doped barium and strontium hexaferrite nanoparticles BaAl {sub x}Fe{sub (12-x)}O{sub 19} and SrAl {sub x}Fe{sub (12-x)}O{sub 19} were synthesised via a sol-gel route using citric acid to complex the ions followed by an auto-combustion reaction. This method shows promise for the synthesis of complex ferrite powders with small particle size. It was found that around half of the iron could be substituted for aluminium in the barium ferrite with structure retention, whereas strontium aluminium ferrites could be produced with any aluminium content including total substitution of the iron. All synthesised materials consisted of particles smaller than 1 {mu}m, which is the size of a single magnetic domain, and various doping levels were achieved with the final elemental composition being within the bounds of experimental error. The materials show structural and morphological changes as they move from iron to aluminium ferrites. Such materials may be promising for imaging applications.

Shirtcliffe, Neil J. [Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Clifton, Nottingham NG11 8NS (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: neil.shirtcliffe@ntu.ac.uk; Thompson, Simon [Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Clifton, Nottingham NG11 8NS (United Kingdom); O'Keefe, Eoin S. [QinetiQ, Farnborough, Hampshire (United Kingdom); Appleton, Steve [QinetiQ, Farnborough, Hampshire (United Kingdom); Perry, Carole C. [Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Clifton, Nottingham NG11 8NS (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: carole.perry@ntu.ac.uk

2007-02-15

137

Structural and morphological studies of manganese substituted CoFe2O4 and NiFe2O4 nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanocrystalline manganese substituted cobalt and nickel ferrites have been synthesized through the evaporation method by using egg white. These powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The XRD pattern of manganese substituted spinel ferrites contains some impurity peaks, which are the decomposition of the ferrites to ?-Fe2O3 phase at higher annealing temperature. The microstructure and particle size of the annealed sample analyzed by TEM, which gives the particle size well with XRD. The magnetic properties were measured using Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). The surface/near-surface chemical states of the nanocrystalline manganese substituted cobalt and nickel ferrites are analyzed by XPS within a range of binding energies of 0-1000 eV.

Ranjith kumar, E.; Jayaprakash, R.; Patel, Rajesh

2013-10-01

138

Synthesis of manganese spinel nanoparticles at room temperature by coprecipitation  

SciTech Connect

This paper is focused on a new route to synthesize Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles by alkalisation by sodium hydroxide on a manganeous solution at room temperature. The precipitates obtained at different pH values have been characterized by XRD and TEM. Since the first addition of sodium hydroxide, a white Mn(OH){sub 2} precipitate appears. At pH=7, {gamma}-MnOOH phase is predominant with needle like shaped particles. At pH=10, hausmanite nanoparticles, which exhibits well defined cubic shape in the range 50-120 nm are obtained. This new precipitation route is a fast and easy environmentally friendly process to obtain well crystallized hausmanite nanoparticles. - Graphical abstract: TEM image showing Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} particles after a precipitation at pH=10. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new route to synthesize Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles has been demonstrated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesis has been performed by precipitation at room temperature. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The size of the Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles is between 50 and 120 nm.

Giovannelli, F., E-mail: fabien.giovannelli@univ-tours.fr [GREMAN, UMR 7347 CNRS-CEA, Universite Francois Rabelais, 15 rue de la chocolaterie, 41000 BLOIS (France); Autret-Lambert, C.; Mathieu, C.; Chartier, T.; Delorme, F. [GREMAN, UMR 7347 CNRS-CEA, Universite Francois Rabelais, 15 rue de la chocolaterie, 41000 BLOIS (France); Seron, A [BRGM, 3 Avenue Claude Guillemin, BP 36009, 45060 ORLEANS Cedex 2 (France)

2012-08-15

139

In vivo bio-distribution of intravenously injected Tc99 m labeled ferrite nanoparticles bounded with biocompatible medicals  

Microsoft Academic Search

In vivo bio-distribution of directly radioisotope (Tc-99 m) labeled with ferrite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles, conjugated with Poly(ethyelene glycol) (PEG), upon intravenous injection into rats was studied. The time evolution of bio-distribution of the radio-beads was investigated by analyzing the scintigrams monitored with a planar gamma camera. From the scintigraphic images, the PEG conjugated ferrite radiobeads have demonstrated a reduction of uptake

Chao-Ming Fu; Yuh-Feng Wang; Yu-Feng Guo; Tang-Yi Lin; Jainn-Shiun Chiu

2005-01-01

140

High-frequency magnetic properties of Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by a low temperature chemical method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spinel-structured Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticles (NPs) have been directly synthesized by a low temperature co-precipitation method. The structure and high-frequency magnetic properties of the particles were investigated. The as-prepared Ni-Zn ferrite NPs demonstrate typical soft magnetic properties. The saturation magnetization (Ms), as high as about 60emu\\/g, was achieved. The imaginary part ?'' of the permeability shows a broad peak in the

Xuegang Lu; Gongying Liang; Qianjin Sun; Caihua Yang

2011-01-01

141

A.C. and D.C. conductivity of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles in wet and dry conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Promising future applications of ferrite nanoparticles in medicine, drug delivery, sensors and ferrofluids are expected to be in wet or humid environments. Therefore nanostructured powders of ferrites having the chemical compositions. NixZn (1-x)Fe2O4 with (x=0.0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1) were pressed immediately after preparation - by the co-precipitation method - without any drying to simulate a humid environment. The

S. A. Saafan; T. M. Meaz; E. H. El-Ghazzawy; M. K. El Nimr; M. M. Ayad; M. Bakr

2010-01-01

142

Mössbauer, X-ray diffraction and AC susceptibility studies on nanoparticles of zinc substituted magnesium ferrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanoparticles of zinc substituted Mg-ferrite with compositions Mg(1- x)Zn x Fe2O4 ( x = 0.15, 0.30 and 0.50) having particle sizes in the range 6.4 nm to 21.4 nm prepared by the co-precipitation method were characterized by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffratometry and AC magnetic susceptibility measurements. Mössbauer measurements at room temperature and down to 20 K clearly indicate presence of superparamagnetic particles in all the samples. AC magnetic susceptibility data show lowering of blocking temperature with decrease of particle size. Superparamagnetic relaxation was observed for larger particle size in samples with higher Zn content, which is attributed to the weakening of A-B exchange interaction in ferrite lattice due to replacement of Fe3 + in tetrahedral site by Zn2 + ions.

Nath, B. K.; Chakrabarti, P. K.; Das, S.; Kumar, Uday; Mukhopadhyay, P. K.; Das, D.

2004-06-01

143

Online monitoring of cell metabolism to assess the toxicity of nanoparticles: the case of cobalt ferrite.  

PubMed

Different in vitro assays are successfully used to determine the relative cytotoxicity of a broad range of compounds. Nevertheless, different research groups have pointed out the difficulty in using the same tests to assess the toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs). In this study, we evaluated the possible use of a microphysiometer, Bionas 2500 analyzing system Bionas GmbH®, to detect in real time changes in cell metabolisms linked to NPs exposure. We focused our work on response changes of fibroblast cultures linked to exposure by cobalt ferrite NPs and compared the results to conventional in vitro assays. The measurements with the microphysiometer showed a cobalt ferrite cytotoxic effect, confirmed by the Colony Forming Efficiency assay. In conclusion, this work demonstrated that the measurement of metabolic parameters with a microphysiometer is a promising method to assess the toxicity of NPs and offers the advantage to follow on-line the cell metabolic changes. PMID:21495878

Mariani, Valentina; Ponti, Jessica; Giudetti, Guido; Broggi, Francesca; Marmorato, Patrick; Gioria, Sabrina; Franchini, Fabio; Rauscher, Hubert; Rossi, François

2012-05-01

144

Folate conjugated carboxymethyl chitosan–manganese doped zinc sulphide nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed a novel folic acid (FA) conjugated carboxymethyl chitosan coordinated to manganese doped zinc sulphide quantum dot (FA–CMC–ZnS:Mn) nanoparticles. The system can be used for targeting, controlled drug delivery and also imaging of cancer cells. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized using SEM, AFM, FT-IR, UV and DLS studies. The size range of 5-FU encapsulated FA–CMC–ZnS:Mn nanoparticles were from 130

Manjusha Elizabeth Mathew; Jithin C. Mohan; K. Manzoor; S. V. Nair; H. Tamura; R. Jayakumar

2010-01-01

145

Large Tunability of Néel Temperature by Growth-Rate-Induced Cation Inversion in Mn-ferrite Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

The tuning of Neel temperature by greater than 100 K in nanoparticle Mn-ferrite was demonstrated by a growth-rate-induced cation inversion. Mn-ferrite nanoparticles, having diameters from 4 to 50 nm, were synthesized via coprecipitation synthesis. The Neel temperature (TN) increased inversely to the cation inversion parameter, {delta} (i.e., defined as (Mn1-{delta}Fe{delta})tet[Mn{delta}Fe2-{delta}]octO4). Concomitantly, TN increased with increased particle growth rate and particle size. These results unambiguously establish cation inversion as the dominant mechanism in modifying the superexchange leading to enhanced TN. The ability to tailor TN enables greater flexibility in applying nanoparticle ferrites in emerging technologies.

Yang, A.; Chinnasamy, C; Greneche, J; Chen, Y; Yoon, S; Hsu, K; Vittoria, C; Harris, V

2009-01-01

146

HRTEM Study of Oxide Nanoparticles in K3-ODS Ferritic Steel Developed for Radiation Tolerance  

SciTech Connect

Crystal and interfacial structures of oxide nanoparticles and radiation damage in 16Cr-4.5Al-0.3Ti-2W-0.37 Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} ODS ferritic steel have been examined using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) techniques. Oxide nanoparticles with a complex-oxide core and an amorphous shell were frequently observed. The crystal structure of complex-oxide core is identified to be mainly monoclinic Y{sub 4}Al{sub 2}O{sub 9} (YAM) oxide compound. Orientation relationships between the oxide and the matrix are found to be dependent on the particle size. Large particles (> 20 nm) tend to be incoherent and have a spherical shape, whereas small particles (< 10 nm) tend to be coherent or semi-coherent and have a faceted interface. The observations of partially amorphous nanoparticles and multiple crystalline domains formed within a nanoparticle lead us to propose a three-stage mechanism to rationalize the formation of oxide nanoparticles containing core/shell structures in as-fabricated ODS steels. Effects of nanoparticle size and density on cavity formation induced by (Fe{sup 8+} + He{sup +}) dual-beam irradiation are briefly addressed.

Hsiung, L; Fluss, M; Tumey, S; Kuntz, J; El-Dasher, B; Wall, M; Choi, W; Kimura, A; Willaime, F; Serruys, Y

2009-11-02

147

Microwave absorption properties of conducting polymer composite with barium ferrite nanoparticles in 12.4-18 GHz  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conducting polymer nanocomposites of polyphenyl amine with barium ferrite nanoparticles (50-70nm) have been synthesized via emulsion polymerization. The complex permittivity, permeability, and microwave absorption properties of the composite were studied in the 12.4-18GHz (Ku band) frequency range. The composite has shown high shielding effectiveness due to absorption (SEA) of 28.9dB (˜99.9%), which strongly depends on dielectric loss, magnetic permeability, and volume fraction of barium ferrite nanoparticles. The high value of SEA suggests that these composites can be used as a promising radar absorbing materials.

Ohlan, Anil; Singh, Kuldeep; Chandra, Amita; Dhawan, S. K.

2008-08-01

148

Influence of spherical assembly of copper ferrite nanoparticles on magnetic properties: orientation of magnetic easy axis.  

PubMed

The magnetic properties of copper ferrite (CuFe2O4) nanoparticles prepared via sol-gel auto combustion and facile solvothermal method are studied focusing on the effect of nanoparticle arrangement. Randomly oriented CuFe2O4 nanoparticles (NP) are obtained from the sol-gel auto combustion method, while the solvothermal method allows us to prepare iso-oriented uniform spherical ensembles of CuFe2O4 nanoparticles (NS). X-ray diffractometry (XRD), atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), infra-red (IR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) are used to investigate the composition, microstructure and magnetic properties of as-prepared ferrite nanoparticles. The field-dependent magnetization measurement for the NS sample at low temperature exhibits a step-like rectangular hysteresis loop (M(R)/M(S) ~ 1), suggesting cubic anisotropy in the system, whereas for the NP sample, typical features of uniaxial anisotropy (M(R)/M(S) ~ 0.5) are observed. The coercive field (HC) for the NS sample shows anomalous temperature dependence, which is correlated with the variation of effective anisotropy (K(E)) of the system. A high-temperature enhancement of H(C) and K(E) for the NS sample coincides with a strong spin-orbit coupling in the sample as evidenced by significant modification of Cu/Fe-O bond distances. The spherical arrangement of nanocrystals at mesoscopic scale provokes a high degree of alignment of the magnetic easy axis along the applied field leading to a step-like rectangular hysteresis loop. A detailed study on the temperature dependence of magnetic anisotropy of the system is carried out, emphasizing the influence of the formation of spherical iso-oriented assemblies. PMID:24714977

Chatterjee, Biplab K; Bhattacharjee, Kaustav; Dey, Abhishek; Ghosh, Chandan K; Chattopadhyay, Kalyan K

2014-06-01

149

Effect of samarium substitution on structural and magnetic properties of magnesium ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Samarium doped magnesium ferrite was prepared (MgSmxFe2-xO4) by sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the samples are single phasic with crystallite sizes in the 13-25 nm regime. Increase in lattice parameter with doping concentration suggests the expansion in unit cell with Sm3+ doping. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrum shows substitution of Sm3+ ions in octahedral B site. Transmission Electron Micrograph shows the spherical shape of nano-particles. Magnetic measurement shows a decrease in magnetization with doping which is explained using dependence on particle size.

Thankachan, Smitha; Jacob, Binu P.; Xavier, Sheena; Mohammed, E. M.

2013-12-01

150

Microwave characterization of magnetically hard and soft ferrite nanoparticles in K-band  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nano-sized magnetic particles show great promise in improving the performance of microwave absorbers with respect to the corresponding bulk materials. In this paper, magnetically hard and soft ferrite nanoparticles (CoFe2O4 and Fe3O4) having an average size of 14 and 11 nm were prepared by co-precipitation method and characterized in terms of morphology, structure, and magnetic properties. Their permeability and permittivity were measured by a waveguide technique, embedding each sample in a host medium. Their parameters at microwave frequencies were retrieved by comparing different effective medium equations.

Della Pina, C.; Falletta, E.; Ferretti, A. M.; Ponti, A.; Gentili, G. G.; Verri, V.; Nesti, R.

2014-10-01

151

Influence of synthesis method on structural and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Co–ferrite nanoparticles having a relatively uniform size distribution around 8 nm were synthesized by three different\\u000a methods. A simple co-precipitation from aqueous solutions and a co-precipitation in an environment of microemulsions are low\\u000a temperature methods (50 °C), whereas a thermal decomposition of organo-metallic complexes was performed at elevated temperature\\u000a of 290 °C. The X-ray diffractometry (XRD) showed spinel structure, and the high-resolution

Sašo Gyergyek; Darko Makovec; Alojz Kodre; Iztok Ar?on; Marko Jagodi?; Miha Drofenik

2010-01-01

152

Electromagnetic properties of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles and their polymer composites  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic properties of polycrystalline NiZn ferrite nanoparticles synthesized using a polyol-reduction and coprecipitation reaction methods have been investigated. The effects on magnetization of synthesis approach, chemical composition, processing conditions, and on the size of nanoparticles on magnetization have been investigated. The measured room-temperature magnetization for the as-prepared magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) synthesized via polyol-reduction and coprecipitation is 69?Am{sup 2}?kg{sup ?1} and 14?Am{sup 2}?kg{sup ?1}, respectively. X-ray diffraction measurements confirm spinel structure of the particles with an estimated grain size of ?80?nm obtained from the polyol-reduction and 28?nm obtained from these coprecipitation techniques. Upon calcination under atmospheric conditions at different temperatures between 800?°C and 1000?°C, the magnetization, M, of the coprecipitated MNP increases to 76?Am{sup 2}?kg{sup ?1} with an estimated grain size of 90?nm. The MNP-polymer nanocomposites made from the synthesized MNP in various loading fraction and high density polyethylene exhibit interesting electromagnetic properties. The measured permeability and permittivity of the magnetic nanoparticle-polymer nanocomposites increases with the loading fractions of the magnetic nanoparticles, suggesting control for impedance matching for antenna applications.

Parsons, P. [U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Weapons and Materials Research Directorate, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21005 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Duncan, K. [U.S. Army, Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center, Space and Terrestrial Communications Directorate, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21005 (United States); Giri, A. K. [U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Weapons and Materials Research Directorate, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21005 (United States); Bowhead Science and Technology, LLC, Belcamp, Maryland 21017 (United States); Xiao, J. Q. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Karna, S. P., E-mail: shashi.p.karna.civ@mail.mil [U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Weapons and Materials Research Directorate, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21005 (United States)

2014-05-07

153

Synthesis of lithium manganese phosphate nanoparticle and its properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The LiMnPO4 fine particles were synthesized by polyol method. To optimize the synthesis conditions of the LiMnPO4 compounds, we have prepared the LiMnPO4 compound with different processing conditions. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope observation and infrared spectroscope study. The particle size of the as-prepared samples are very small than the sample calcined at 500C for 3 h in Ar. The electrochemical properties of the cathodes were studied by galvanostatic method. All the samples exhibit a sloping line of the voltage profile, which is the characteristic of the nanoparticles.

Kim, T. R.; Kim, D. H.; Ryu, H. W.; Moon, J. H.; Lee, J. H.; Boo, S.; Kim, J.

2007-05-01

154

Magnetocaloric effect in Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticles prepared by using solution combustion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ni x Zn1- x Fe2O4 ( x = 0.2 and 0.3) ferrite nanoparticles with sizes ranging from 65 to 70 nm were synthesized employing the solution combustion route. The magnetocaloric behavior was investigated within the 50 K ? T ? 400 K range of temperatures ( T). The entropy change (? S) and the adiabatic temperature change (? T) were derived from magnetization ( M) and specific heat ( C P ) measurements. Both compositions exhibited broad peaks for the isothermal entropy change. The magnetic field ( H)-dependent ? T was analyzed within the mean-field approximation scheme, and the observed magnetocaloric properties of the nanoparticle samples were compared with those of a bulk sample. Our study suggests that the magnetocaloric properties of magnetic oxides strongly depend on the particle size; thus, particle size should be considered as a key tuning parameter in the optimization of magnetic refrigeration.

Lee, K. D.; Kambale, R. C.; Hur, N.

2014-12-01

155

Influence of ferrite nanoparticle type and content on the crystallization kinetics and electroactive phase nucleation of poly(vinylidene fluoride).  

PubMed

This work reports on the nucleation of the ?-phase of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) by incorporating CoFe(2)O(4) and NiFe(2)O(4) nanoparticles, leading in this way to the preparation of magnetoelectric composites. The fraction of filler nanoparticles needed to produce the same ?- to ?-phase ratio in crystallized PVDF is 1 order of magnitude lower in the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. The interaction between nanoparticles and PVDF chains induce the all-trans conformation in PVDF segments, and this structure then propagates in crystal growth. The nucleation kinetics is enhanced by the presence of nanoparticles, as corroborated by the increasing number of spherulites with increasing nanoparticle content and by the variations of the Avrami's exponent. Further, the decrease of the crystalline fraction of PVDF with increasing nanoparticle content indicates that an important fraction of polymer chains are confined in interphases with the filler particle. PMID:21545124

Sencadas, Vitor; Martins, Pedro; Pitães, Alexandre; Benelmekki, Maria; Gómez Ribelles, José Luis; Lanceros-Mendez, Senentxu

2011-06-01

156

Synthesis of nickel–zinc ferrite magnetic nanoparticle and dye degradation using photocatalytic ozonation  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? Nickel–zinc ferrite magnetic nanoparticle (NZFMN) was synthesized and characterized. ? Dye degradation by photocatalytic ozonation using NZFMN was studied. ? Formate, acetate and oxalate were detected as dominant dye degradation aliphatic intermediates. ? Nitrate, sulfate and chloride ions were detected as mineralization products of dyes. ? NZFMN was an effective magnetic nanocatalyst to degrade dyes. -- Abstract: In this paper, nickel–zinc ferrite magnetic nanoparticle (NZFMN) was synthesized and its dye degradation ability using photocatalytic ozonation was investigated. The NZFMN was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopic (SEM), Fourier transforms infrared (FTIR) and alternative gradient force magnetometer (AGFM). Reactive Red 198 (RR198) and Direct Green 6 (DG6) were used as dye models. UV–vis and ion chromatography (IC) analyses were employed to study dye degradation. The effects of operational parameters on decolorization such as NZFMN dosage, dye concentration, salt and pH were studied. RR198 and DG6 were completely decolorized (100%) by photocatalytic ozonation using NZFMN. Formate, acetate and oxalate anions were detected as dominant aliphatic intermediates. Nitrate, sulfate and chloride ions were detected as mineralization products of dyes. Results showed that the photocatalytic ozonation using NZFMN was a very effective method for dye degradation.

Mahmoodi, Niyaz Mohammad, E-mail: mahmoodi@icrc.ac.ir [Department of Environmental Research, Institute for Color Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Bashiri, Marziyeh; Moeen, Shirin Jebeli [Department of Environmental Research, Institute for Color Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Environmental Research, Institute for Color Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-12-15

157

Colorimetric detection of manganese(II) ions using gold/dopa nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report here a one-pot, greener, eco-friendly strategy for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles using L-dopa. The as-prepared dopa-functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs/dopa) can detect low concentrations of manganese(II) metal ions in aqueous solution. The binding forces between dopa and Mn2+ ions cause dopa-functionalized gold nanoparticles to come closer together, decreasing the interparticle distance and aggregating it with a change in color of colloidal solution from red to purplish-blue. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis showed a decreased surface charge on the surface of gold nanoparticles when exposed to Mn2+ ions, which caused cross-linking aggregation. Transmission electron microscopic (TEM) images also revealed the aggregation of gold nanoparticles with the addition of Mn2+ ions. The extinction ratio of absorbance at 700-550 nm (A700/A550) was linear against the concentration of [Mn2+] ions. Thus, the optical absorption spectra of gold colloidal solution before and after the addition of Mn2+ ions reveal the concentration of Mn2+ ions in solution.

Narayanan, Kannan Badri; Park, Hyun Ho

2014-10-01

158

Synthesis of MPTS-modified cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and their adsorption properties in relation to Au(III)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cobalt ferrite magnetic nanoparticles (Co-MNP) were prepared by a co-precipitation method and subsequently coated with (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (MPTS) for the extraction and recovery of Au(III) from aqueous chloride solutions. Physical characterization of the MPTS-modified particles (Co-MPTS) was performed using FT-IR, TGA, and SEM. Results from FT-IR confirmed that MPTS was present on the surface of the magnetic nanoparticles. The amount of

Andrea Kraus; Kunawoot Jainae; Fuangfa Unob; Nipaka Sukpirom

2009-01-01

159

Microstructural and Mössbauer properties of low temperature synthesized Ni-Cd-Al ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the influence of Al3+ doping on the microstructural and Mössbauer properties of ferrite nanoparticles of basic composition Ni0.2Cd0.3Fe2.5 - x Al x O4 (0.0 ? x ? 0.5) prepared through simple sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transformation infrared (FTIR), and Mössbauer spectroscopy techniques were used to investigate the structural, chemical, and Mössbauer properties of the grown nanoparticles. XRD results confirm that all the samples are single-phase cubic spinel in structure excluding the presence of any secondary phase corresponding to any structure. SEM micrographs show the synthesized nanoparticles are agglomerated but spherical in shape. The average crystallite size of the grown nanoparticles was calculated through Scherrer formula and confirmed by TEM and was found between 2 and 8 nm (± 1). FTIR results show the presence of two vibrational bands corresponding to tetrahedral and octahedral sites. Mössbauer spectroscopy shows that all the samples exhibit superparamagnetism, and the quadrupole interaction increases with the substitution of Al3+ ions.

Batoo, Khalid Mujasam

2011-08-01

160

Magnetic properties of cobalt-ferrite nanoparticles embedded in polystyrene resin  

SciTech Connect

Samples of maghemite and cobalt-ferrite nanoparticles (sizes, 3-10 nm) were prepared by cross-linking sulfonated polystyrene resin with aqueous solutions of (1) FeCl{sub 2}, (2) 80%FeCl{sub 2}+20%CoCl{sub 2}, (3) FeCl{sub 3}, and (4) 80%FeCl{sub 3}+20%CoCl{sub 2} by volume. Chemical analysis, x-ray powder-diffraction, and {sup 57}Fe Moessbauer spectroscopic measurements show that samples 1 and 3 consist of {gamma}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles (sizes, {approx}10 and 3 nm) and sample 2 and 4 consist of Co{sub x}Fe{sub 3-x}O{sub 4} nanoparticles (sizes, {approx}10 and 4 nm). The temperature dependence of the zero-field-cooled and field-cooled magnetizations at low temperatures, together with a magnetic hysteresis in the M versus H data below blocking temperatures, demonstrate superparamagnetic behavior. The introduction of Co in the iron oxide-resin matrix results in an increase in the blocking temperature of nanoparticles.

Vaishnava, P. P.; Senaratne, U.; Buc, E.; Naik, R.; Naik, V. M.; Tsoi, G.; Wenger, L. E.; Boolchand, P. [Kettering University, Flint, Michigan 48504 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201 (United States); University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, Michigan 48128 (United States); University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 (United States); Department of ECECS, University of Cincinnati, Ohio 45221 (United States)

2006-04-15

161

Synthesis and characterization of CoFe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles obtained by an electrochemical method.  

PubMed

Uniform size cobalt ferrite nanoparticles have been synthesized in one step using an electrochemical technique. Synthesis parameters such as the current density, temperature and stirring were optimized to produce pure cobalt ferrite. The nanoparticles have been investigated by means of magnetic measurements, Mössbauer spectroscopy, x-ray powder diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The average size of the electrosynthesized samples was controlled by the synthesis parameters and this showed a rather narrow size distribution. The x-ray analysis shows that the CoFe(2)O(4) obtained presents a totally inverse spinel structure. The magnetic properties of the stoichiometric nanoparticles show ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature with a coercivity up to 6386 Oe and a saturation magnetization of 85 emu g(-1). PMID:22894928

Mazarío, E; Herrasti, P; Morales, M P; Menéndez, N

2012-09-01

162

Iron-based soft magnetic composites with Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles coating obtained by sol-gel method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper focuses on iron-based soft magnetic composites which were synthesized by utilizing Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles to coat iron powder. The nanocrystalline iron powders, with an average particle diameter of 20 nm, were obtained via the sol-gel method. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and distribution maps show that the iron particle surface is covered with a thin layer of Mn-Zn ferrites. Mn-Zn ferrite uniformly coated the surface of the powder particles, resulting in a reduced imaginary permeability, increased electrical resistivity and a higher operating frequency of the synthesized magnets. Mn-Zn ferrite coated samples have higher permeability and lower magnetic loss when compared with the non-magnetic epoxy resin coated compacts. The real part of permeability increases by 33.5% when compared with the epoxy resin coated samples at 10 kHz. The effects of heat treatment temperature on crystalline phase formation and on the magnetic properties of the Mn-Zn ferrite were investigated via X-ray diffraction and a vibrating sample magnetometer. Ferrites decomposed to FeO and MnO after annealing above 400 °C in nitrogen; thus it is the optimum annealing temperature to attain the desired permeability.

Wu, Shen; Sun, Aizhi; Xu, Wenhuan; Zhang, Qian; Zhai, Fuqiang; Logan, Philip; Volinsky, Alex A.

2012-11-01

163

Synergetic effect of size and morphology of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles on proton relaxivity.  

PubMed

Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with average sizes of 14, 9 and 6 nm were synthesised by the chemical co-precipitation technique. Average particle sizes were varied by changing the chitosan surfactant to precursor molar ratio in the reaction mixture. Transmission electron microscopy images revealed a faceted and irregular morphology for the as-synthesised nanoparticles. Magnetic measurements revealed a ferromagnetic nature for the 14 and 9 nm particles and a superparamagnetic nature for the 6 nm particles. An increase in saturation magnetisation with increasing particle size was noted. Relaxivity measurements were carried out to determine T2 value as a function of particle size using nuclear magnetic resonance measurements. The relaxivity coefficient increased with decrease in particle size and decrease in the saturation magnetisation value. The observed trend in the change of relaxivity value with particle size was attributed to the faceted nature of as-synthesised nanoparticles. Faceted morphology results in the creation of high gradient of magnetic field in the regions adjacent to the facet edges increasing the relaxivity value. The effect of edges in increasing the relaxivity value increases with decrease in the particle size because of an increase in the total number of edges per particle dispersion. PMID:25429495

N, Venkatesha; Srivastava, Chandan; Hegde, Veena

2014-12-01

164

Dielectric properties of Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles have been prepared by sol-gel auto-combustion method with a view to understand the role of oxidizer to fuel ratio (OFR) on the dielectric properties. XRD study shows the formation of cubic ferrite with spinel structure and particle size increases with the increase in concentration of fuel. Dielectric properties and AC conductivity of the sample measured at room temperature are reported. OFR plays a vital role in determining the dielectric properties and AC conductivity of the prepared samples.

Murugesan, C.; Md Gazzali, P. M.; Sathyamoorthy, B.; Chandrasekaran, G.

2013-02-01

165

Preparation of NiCuZn ferrite nanoparticles from chemical co-precipitation method and the magnetic properties after sintering  

Microsoft Academic Search

NiCuZn ferrite nanoparticles with composition of NixCuyZn1?x?yFe2O4 (where x=0.15–0.5 and y=0–0.35) were prepared by the chemical co-precipitation method at various reaction temperatures with a final pH value of 12. From the analysis of X-ray diffraction patterns, the nanocrystalline NiCuZn ferrite particles could be obtained at pH=12 and reaction temperature between 30 and 90°C with the reaction time of 6h. The

Wei-Chih Hsu; S. C Chen; P. C Kuo; C. T Lie; W. S Tsai

2004-01-01

166

A Low-Temperature Method to Synthesize Co-Substituted Mn-Zn Ferrite Nanoparticles with Distinct Magnetic Properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles about 15 nm with various amounts of Co substituting for Mn were synthesized in microemulsion at 50°C. The samples were characterized by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, and vibrating sample magnetometer. The experimental results indicate the formula for all samples can be derived as CoxMn1?xZn0.5Fe1.504, and the presence of single-phase spinel ferrite is in

Youxian Zhang; Jiaona Fan; Qian Li; Yongtao An; Chuanhui Liang; Xueqin An

2010-01-01

167

Structural and magnetic properties correlated with cation distribution of Mo-substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mo-substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles; CoFe2-2xMoxO4 (0.0?x?0.3) were prepared by a one-step solution combustion synthesis technique. The reactants were metal nitrates and glycine as a fuel. The samples were characterized using an X-ray diffraction (XRD), a transmission electron microscope (TEM) and a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). XRD analysis revealed a pure single phase of cubic spinel ferrites for all samples with x up to 0.3. The lattice parameter decreases with Mo6+ substitution linearly up to x=0.15, then nonlinearly for x?0.2. Rietveld analysis and saturation magnetization (Ms) revealed that Mo6+ replaced Fe3+ in the tetrahedral A-sites up to x=0.15, then it replaced Fe3+ in both A-sites and B-sites for x?0.2. The saturation magnetization (Ms) increases with increasing Mo6+ substitution up to x=0.15 then decreases. The crystallite size decreased while the microstrain increased with increasing Mo6+ substitution. Inserting Mo6+ produces large residents of defects and cation vacancies.

Heiba, Z. K.; Mostafa, Nasser Y.; Abd-Elkader, Omar H.

2014-11-01

168

Competing magnetic interactions in nickel ferrite nanoparticle clusters: Role of magnetic interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The magnetic behavior of nickel ferrite nanoparticles of different sizes was studied by annealing nickel ferrite powders at temperatures ranging from 300 to 900 °C. Transmission electron microscopy studies show that the average particle sizes change from ˜8 to ˜120 nm with increasing annealing temperatures. The x-ray diffraction patterns of the annealed samples reveal that a single phase is retained. Hysteresis measurements performed up to a field of 10 kOe show a tendency toward saturation. The saturation magnetization is found to increase with annealing temperature (particle size) with the magnetization tending toward the bulk value for powders annealed at 900 °C. Zero field cooled-field cooled measurements performed at 0.5 kOe indicate the presence of a superparamagnetic phase up to an annealing temperature of 700 °C with blocking temperatures in the range of 150-330 K. Numerical simulations are carried out using an interacting model of an array of single domain magnetic particles to explain the change in the magnetic behavior of the samples with annealing temperature and to estimate the anisotropy of the system. Our studies indicate that the observed magnetic behavior can be explained by the changes in the anisotropy of the system and the dominance of the short range interparticle exchange interactions over the long range dipolar interactions with increasing particle sizes. This change in the interaction profile is further confirmed by the Henkel plots for the particles annealed at different temperatures.

Malik, Rakesh; Annapoorni, S.; Lamba, Subhalakshmi; Sharma, Parmanand; Inoue, Akihisa

2008-09-01

169

Structural characterization of microwave-synthesized zinc-substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microwave combustion technique modified by post treatment procedure is used to synthesize single-phase spinel ferrites of cobalt, zinc, and substituted magnetic nanoparticles of typical size 390 Å. The post treatment does not alter the crystal structure but increases the crystallinity. This is confirmed by powder x-ray diffraction and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) studies. Citric acid is used as a fuel. The fresh synthesized sample shows an impurity phase in x-ray and in FTIR. This is due to the unreacted citrate molecule adsorbed on the particle surface. It is shown that by treating the sample with 0.1 M HCl, we can eliminate the impurity phase, and one can obtain a pure single phase. The magnetization at 8 kOe increases by nearly 8% after the removal of impurity. In order to remove surface adsorbed OH- ion, samples are treated with NaCl and heated to 200°C for four hours. The XRD result indicates that after the treatment neither the crystallite size nor the distribution changes, but it removes OH- ion. This is also confirmed by FTIR analysis. Thus, this modified technique can be used to synthesize pure nanocrystalline samples of spinel ferrites.

Parmar, Harshida; Desai, Rucha; Upadhyay, R. V.

2011-07-01

170

Fabrication of a glucose biosensor based on citric acid assisted cobalt ferrite magnetic nanoparticles.  

PubMed

A novel and practical glucose biosensor was fabricated with immobilization of Glucose oxidase (GOx) enzyme on the surface of citric acid (CA) assisted cobalt ferrite (CF) magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). This innovative sensor was constructed with glassy carbon electrode which is represented as (GOx)/CA-CF/(GCE). An explicit high negative zeta potential value (-22.4 mV at pH 7.0) was observed on the surface of CA-CF MNPs. Our sensor works on the principle of detection of H2O2 which is produced by the enzymatic oxidation of glucose to gluconic acid. This sensor has tremendous potential for application in glucose biosensing due to the higher sensitivity 2.5 microA/cm2-mM and substantial increment of the anodic peak current from 0.2 microA to 10.5 microA. PMID:22962799

Krishna, Rahul; Titus, Elby; Chandra, Sudeshna; Bardhan, Neel Kanth; Krishna, Rohit; Bahadur, Dhirendra; Gracio, José

2012-08-01

171

Cellular distribution and degradation of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles in Balb/3T3 mouse fibroblasts.  

PubMed

The effect of the concentration of cobalt ferrite (CoFe(2)O(4)) nanoparticles (NPs) on their intracellular location and distribution has been explored by synchrotron radiation X-ray and fluorescence microscopy (SR-XRF) monitoring the evolution of NPs elemental composition as well. In cells exposed to low concentrations of CoFe(2)O(4) NPs, the NPs preferentially segregate in the perinuclear region preserving their initial chemical content. At concentrations exceeding 500 ?M the XRF spectra indicate the presence of Co and Fe also in the nuclear region, accompanied by sensible changes in the cellular morphology. The increase of the Co/Fe ratio measured in the nuclear compartment indicates that above certain concentrations the CoFe(2)O(4) NPs intracellular distribution could be accompanied by biodegradation resulting in Co accumulation in the nucleus. PMID:21925252

Marmorato, Patrick; Ceccone, Giacomo; Gianoncelli, Alessandra; Pascolo, Lorella; Ponti, Jessica; Rossi, François; Salomé, Murielle; Kaulich, Burkhard; Kiskinova, Maya

2011-11-30

172

Experimental studies of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles doped silica matrix 3D magneto-photonic crystals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present the synthesis and the optical properties of 3D magneto-photonic structures. The elaboration process consists in firstly preparing then infiltrating polystyrene direct opals with a homogeneous solution of sol-gel silica precursors doped by cobalt ferrite nanoparticles, and finally dissolving the polystyrene spheres. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images of the prepared samples clearly evidence a periodic arrangement. Using a home-made polarimetric optical bench, the transmittance as a function of the wavelength, the Faraday rotation as a function of the applied magnetic field, and the Faraday ellipticity as a function of the wavelength and as a function of the applied magnetic field were measured. The existence of deep photonic band gaps (PBG), the unambiguous magnetic character of the samples and the qualitative modification of the Faraday ellipticity in the area of the PBG are evidenced.

Abou Diwan, E.; Royer, F.; Kekesi, R.; Jamon, D.; Blanc-Mignon, M. F.; Neveu, S.; Rousseau, J. J.

2013-05-01

173

Magnetic nanoparticles as contrast agents in biomedical imaging: recent advances in iron- and manganese-based magnetic nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Improvements in diagnostic measures for biomedical applications have been investigated in various studies for better interpretations of biological abnormalities and several medical conditions. The use of imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is widespread and becoming a standard procedure for such specialized applications. A major avenue being studied in MRI is the use of magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) as contrast agents (CAs). Among various approaches, current research also incorporates use of superparamagnetic iron oxide NPs and manganese-based NPs with biocompatible coatings for improved stability and reduced biodegradation when exposed to a biological environment. In this review, recent advances with these types of magnetic NPs and their potential use as CAs in MRI are reported, as well as new insights into the selectivity and cellular transport mechanism that occurs following injection. PMID:24754519

Felton, Charlette; Karmakar, Alokita; Gartia, Yashraj; Ramidi, Punnamchandar; Biris, Alexandru S; Ghosh, Anindya

2014-05-01

174

Structural, optical, photocatalytic and antibacterial activity of zinc oxide and manganese doped zinc oxide nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Polycrystalline ZnO doped with Mn (5 and 10 at%) was prepared by the co-precipitation method. The effect of Mn doping on the photocatalytic, antibacterial activities and the influence of doping concentration on structural, optical properties of nanoparticles were studied. Structural and optical properties of the particles elucidated that the Mn 2+ ions have substituted the Zn 2+ ions without changing the Wurtzite structure of ZnO. The optical spectra showed a blue shift in the absorbance spectrum with increasing dopant concentration. The photocatalytic activities of ZnO powders were evaluated by measuring the degradation of methylene blue (MB) in water under the UV region. It was found that undoped ZnO bleaches MB much faster than manganese doped ZnO upon its exposure to the UV light. The potential toxicity of nanosized ZnO and Mn doped ZnO were investigated using both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria as test organisms. The results showed that Mn doped ZnO nanoparticles enhanced the antibacterial activity than ZnO nanoparticles.

Rekha, K.; Nirmala, M.; Nair, Manjula G.; Anukaliani, A.

2010-08-01

175

Manganese Doping of Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles: Tailoring Surface Reactivity for a Regenerable Heavy Metal Sorbent  

SciTech Connect

A method for tuning the analyte affinity of magnetic, inorganic nanostructured sorbents for heavy metal contaminants is described. The manganese-doped iron oxide nanoparticle sorbents have a remarkably high affinity compared to the precursor material. Sorbent affinity can be tuned toward an analyte of interest simply by adjustment of the dopant quantity. The results show that following the Mn doping process there is a large increase in affinity and capacity for heavy metals (i.e., Co, Ni, Zn, As, Ag, Cd, Hg, and Tl). Capacity measurements were carried out for the removal of cadmium from river water and showed significantly higher loading than the relevant commercial sorbents tested for comparison. The reduction in Cd concentration from 100 ppb spiked river water to 1 ppb (less than the EPA drinking water limit of 5 ppb for Cd) was achieved following treatment with the Mn-doped iron oxide nanoparticles. The Mn-doped iron oxide nanoparticles were able to load 1 ppm of Cd followed by complete stripping and recovery of the Cd with a mild acid wash. The Cd loading and stripping is shown to be consistent through multiple cycles with no loss of sorbent performance.

Warner, Cynthia L.; Chouyyok, Wilaiwan; Mackie, Katherine E.; Neiner, Doinita; Saraf, Laxmikant; Droubay, Timothy C.; Warner, Marvin G.; Addleman, Raymond S.

2012-02-28

176

Silica encapsulated manganese perovskite nanoparticles for magnetically induced hyperthermia without the risk of overheating.  

PubMed

Nanoparticles of manganese perovskite of the composition La(0.75)Sr(0.25)MnO(3) uniformly coated with silica were prepared by encapsulation of the magnetic cores (mean crystallite size 24 nm) using tetraethoxysilane followed by fractionation. The resulting hybrid particles form a stable suspension in an aqueous environment at physiological pH and possess a narrow hydrodynamic size distribution. Both calorimetric heating experiments and direct measurements of hysteresis loops in the alternating field revealed high specific power losses, further enhanced by the encapsulation procedure in the case of the coated particles. The corresponding results are discussed on the basis of complex characterization of the particles and especially detailed magnetic measurements. Moreover, the Curie temperature (335 K) of the selected magnetic cores resolves the risk of local overheating during hyperthermia treatment. PMID:19531865

Kaman, O; Pollert, E; Veverka, P; Veverka, M; Hadová, E; Knízek, K; Marysko, M; Kaspar, P; Klementová, M; Grünwaldová, V; Vasseur, S; Epherre, R; Mornet, S; Goglio, G; Duguet, E

2009-07-01

177

The role of multi-walled carbon nanotubes on the magnetic and reflection loss characteristics of substituted strontium ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Substituted strontium ferrite SrFe12-x(Ni0.5Mn0.5Zr)x/2O19/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) composites were prepared by a sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction patterns confirm the formation of single phase ferrite nanoparticle and nanocomposites of ferrite/carbon nanotubes. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy demonstrates the existence of functional groups on the surface of carbon nanotubes. Superconducting quantum interference device measurements showed that the values of specific saturation magnetization increases, while coercivity decreases with an increase in substitution content. Zero field cooled magnetization and field cooled magnetization curves display that with an increase in substitution content, the blocking temperature increases. Field emission scanning electron microscopy micrographs demonstrate that ferrite nanoparticles were attached on external surfaces of the carbon nanotubes. The investigation of the microwave absorption indicates that with an addition of carbon nanotubes, the real and imaginary parts of permittivity and reflection loss enhanced. It is found that with increasing the thickness of absorbers, the resonance frequencies shift to lower regime.

Ghasemi, Ali

2013-03-01

178

A.C. and D.C. conductivity of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles in wet and dry conditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Promising future applications of ferrite nanoparticles in medicine, drug delivery, sensors and ferrofluids are expected to be in wet or humid environments. Therefore nanostructured powders of ferrites having the chemical compositions. Ni xZn (1- x) Fe 2O 4 with ( x=0.0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1) were pressed immediately after preparation - by the co-precipitation method - without any drying to simulate a humid environment. The nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) to be sure of the formation of the ferrite in nanoscale. The infrared (IR) spectroscopy of the samples ensures the existence of water as well as the characteristic absorption bands of ferrites. The ac and dc conductivity of the samples had been investigated immediately after preparation (the as-prepared samples). Then, the samples were dried at 200 °C for about 12 h and reinvestigated. The behavior of conductivity differs significantly in the two cases showing a noticeable effect due to humidity. Also, the magnetic induction of the as-prepared samples was investigated by using the vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The samples show superparamagnetic behavior.

Saafan, S. A.; Meaz, T. M.; El-Ghazzawy, E. H.; El Nimr, M. K.; Ayad, M. M.; Bakr, M.

2010-08-01

179

Mn Zn ferrite nanoparticles for ferrofluid preparation: Study on thermal magnetic properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mn 1-xZn xFe 2O 4 (with x varying from 0.1 to 0.5) ferrite nanoparticles used for ferrofluid preparation have been prepared by chemical co-precipitation method and characterized. Characterization techniques like elemental analysis by atomic absorption spectroscopy and spectrophotometry, thermal analysis using simultaneous TG-DTA, XRD, TEM, VSM and Mossbauer spectroscopy have been utilized. The final cation contents estimated agree with the initial degree of substitution. The Curie temperature ( T) and particle size decrease with the increase in zinc substitution. In the case of particles with higher zinc concentration, both ferrimagnetic nanoparticles and particles exhibiting superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature are present. In addition, some of the results obtained by slightly altering the preparation condition are also discussed. The precipitated particles were used for ferrofluid preparation. The fine particles were suitably dispersed in heptane using oleic acid as the surfactant. The volatile nature of the carrier chosen helps in altering the number concentration of the magnetic particles in a ferrofluid. Magnetic properties of the fine particles and ferrofluids are discussed. Ferrofluids having Mn 0.5Zn 0.5Fe 2O 4 particles can be used for the energy conversion application utilizing the magnetically induced convection for thermal dissipation.

Arulmurugan, R.; Vaidyanathan, G.; Sendhilnathan, S.; Jeyadevan, B.

2006-03-01

180

Influence of size/crystallinity effects on the cation ordering and magnetism of ?-lithium ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

?-lithium ferrite (Li0.5Fe2.5O4) nanoparticles have been prepared using two synthesis routes: citrate gel decomposition as well as the Pechini method. Analysis of HRTEM images of the particles showed that they have a core/shell structure, an average size of ˜10 nm and stacking faults parallel to the (110) planes. In both samples, the distribution of the Li and Fe cations was found to be partially ordered on the octahedral sites (Wyckoff positions 4b and 12d of space group P4332). According to literature data, Li0.5Fe2.5O4 should adopt a disordered spinel structure (so called ?-phase, space group Fd3¯m) for crystallites of 10 nm or less in size. In this study it is shown that (a) the symmetry of the Li0.5Fe2.5O4 nanoparticles depends on the degree of their crystallinity and (b) the ordered crystal structures can be formed even for crystallites of 5-6 nm in size. By fitting the room temperature Mössbauer spectra it was obtained that the hyperfine field values are lower in the sample synthesized by the Pechini method. The Pechini process probably resulted in larger distortions of the cation environments than the citrate gel decomposition method. The saturation magnetization in turn was higher for the material obtained by the gel decomposition approach.

Jovi?, N.; Prekajski, M.; Kremenovi?, A.; Jan?ar, B.; Kahlenberg, V.; Anti?, B.

2012-02-01

181

Variation in structural and dielectric properties of co-precipitated nanoparticles strontium ferrites due to value of pH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanoparticles of strontium ferrites with nominal composition SrFe12O19 were prepared by co-precipitation method, by decreasing pH from 13 to 8 with a regular step of 1. The secondary phase of ?-Fe2O3 was increased with the decrease in pH. The crystallite size estimated from X-rays diffraction data was in the range 52–70nm, which is much smaller than that already reported. Most

M. Anis-ur-Rehman; G. Asghar

2011-01-01

182

Influence of Zn–Zr ions on physical and magnetic properties of co-precipitated cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles having the chemical formula CoFe2?2xZrxZnxO4 with x ranging from 0.0 to 0.4 were prepared by chemical co-precipitation method. The powder X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the spinel structure for the prepared compound. The particle size was calculated from the most intense peak (311) using Scherrer formula. The particle size of the samples was found within the range of

I. H. Gul; A. Maqsood

2007-01-01

183

Influence of Zn Zr ions on physical and magnetic properties of co-precipitated cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles having the chemical formula CoFe2-2xZrxZnxO4 with x ranging from 0.0 to 0.4 were prepared by chemical co-precipitation method. The powder X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the spinel structure for the prepared compound. The particle size was calculated from the most intense peak (3 1 1) using Scherrer formula. The particle size of the samples was found within the

I. H. Gul; A. Maqsood

2007-01-01

184

Synthesis of metal ferrite (MFe2O4, M?=?Co, Cu, Mg, Ni, Zn) nanoparticles as humidity sensor materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Humidity sensitivity of metal ferrite nanoparticles [MFe2O4, M (II)?=?Co, Cu, Mg, Ni and Zn] prepared by solid-state reaction of inorganic precursors was studied. The process was convenient, environmentally-friendly, inexpensive and efficient. The spinel structure of the compounds prepared by this method was confirmed by XRD and FT-IR studies. The surface morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and the surface

V. Jeseentharani; Mary George; B. Jeyaraj; A. Dayalan; K. S. Nagaraja

2012-01-01

185

Functional Magnetic Nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanoparticle system research and characterization is the focal point of this research and dissertation. In the research presented here, magnetite, cobalt, and ferrite nanoparticle systems have been explored in regard to their magnetocaloric effect (MCE) properties, as well as for use in polymer composites. Both areas of study have potential applications across a wide variety of interdisciplinary fields. Magnetite nanoparticles have been successfully dispersed in a polymer. The surface chemistry of the magnetic nanoparticle proves critical to obtaining a homogenous and well separated high density dispersion in PMMA. Theoretical studies found in the literature have indicated that surface interface energy is a critical component in dispersion. Oleic acid is used to alter the surface of magnetite nanoparticles and successfully achieve good dispersion in a PMMA thin film. Polypyrrole is then coated onto the PMMA composite layer. The bilayer is characterized using cross-sectional TEM, cross-sectional SEM, magnetic characterization, and low frequency conductivity. The results show that the superparmagnetic properties of the as synthesized particles are maintained in the composite. With further study of the properties of these nanoparticles for real and functional uses, MCE is studied on a variety of magnetic nanoparticle systems. Magnetite, manganese zinc ferrite, and cobalt ferrite systems show significant broadening of the MCE and the ability to tune the peak temperature of MCE by varying the size of the nanoparticles. Four distinct systems are studied including cobalt, cobalt core silver shell nanoparticles, nickel ferrite, and ball milled zinc ferrite. The results demonstrate the importance of surface characteristics on MCE. Surface spin disorder appears to have a large influence on the low temperature magnetic and magnetocalorie characteristics of these nanoparticle systems.

Gass, James

186

Synthesis, structural investigation and magnetic properties of Zn2+ substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles prepared by the sol-gel auto-combustion technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structural morphology and magnetic properties of the Co1-xZnxFe2O4 (0.0?x?1.0) spinel ferrite system synthesized by the sol-gel auto-combustion technique using nitrates of respective metal ions have been studied. The ratio of metal nitrates to citric acid was taken at 1:3. The as prepared powder of cobalt zinc ferrite was sintered at 600 °C for 12 h after TG/DTA thermal studies. Compositional stoichiometry was confirmed by energy dispersive analysis of the X-ray (EDAX) technique. Single phase cubic spinel structure of Co-Zn nanoparticles was confirmed by XRD data. The average crystallite size (t), lattice constant (a) and other structural parameters of zinc substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were calculated from XRD followed by SEM and FTIR. It is observed that the sol-gel auto-combustion technique has many advantages for the synthesis of technologically applicable Co-Zn ferrite nanoparticles. The present investigation clearly shows the effect of the synthesis method and possible relation between magnetic properties and microstructure of the prepared samples. Increase in nonmagnetic Zn2+ content in cobalt ferrite nanoparticles is followed by decrease in nB, Ms and other magnetic parameters. Squareness ratio for the Co-ferrite was 1.096 at room temperature.

Raut, A. V.; Barkule, R. S.; Shengule, D. R.; Jadhav, K. M.

2014-05-01

187

Preliminary evaluation of a 99mTc labeled hybrid nanoparticle bearing a cobalt ferrite core: in vivo biodistribution.  

PubMed

Magnetic nanoparticles have become important tools for imaging a wide range of diseases, improving drug delivery and applying hyperthermic treatment. Iron oxide based nanoparticles have been widely examined, unlike cobalt ferrite based ones. Herein, monodisperse and stable CoFe2O4 nanoparticles have been produced, coated and further stabilized using ethyl 12-(hydroxyamino)-12-oxododecanoate, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and bovine serum albumin. The final product, NBRh1, was fully characterized and has been directly radiolabeled with 99mTc using SnCl1 as the reducing agent in high yields. In vitro stability and hyperthermic properties of 99mTC-NBRh1 were encouraging for further application in low frequencies hyperthermia and biomagnetic applications. In vivo evaluation followed after injection in healthy mice. The planar and SPECT imaging data as well as the biodistribution results were in accordance, showing high liver and spleen uptake as expected starting almost immediately after administration. In conclusion the preliminary results for nanoparticles bearing a cobalt ferrite core justify further investigations towards potential hyperthermic applications, drug transportation and liver or spleen imaging. PMID:22852467

Psimadas, Dimitrios; Baldi, Giovanni; Ravagli, Costanza; Bouziotis, Penelope; Xanthopoulos, Stavros; Franchini, Mauro Comes; Georgoulias, Panagiotis; Loudos, George

2012-08-01

188

Study Of Structural And Dielectric Properties Of Ni-Mg Ferrite Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

Ferrite nanoparticles of basic composition Ni{sub 0.7}Mg{sub 0.3}Fe{sub 2-x}Al{sub x}O{sub 4}(0.0{<=}x{<=}0.5) were prepared through citrate gel method and characterized using XRD, TEM and dielectric spectroscopy techniques. The dielectric properties were studied as a function of frequency (42 Hz-5 MHz) at room temperature. The average particle size has been found between 8-17 nm. The dispersion in dielectric properties and ac conductivity ({sigma}{sub ac}), with frequency reveals that the dispersion is due to Maxwell-Wagner type of interfacial polarization in general and the hopping of charge between Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+} as well as between Ni{sup 2+} and Ni{sup 3+} ions at B-sites. The dielectric loss tangent (tan {delta}) shows abnormal behavior for the compositions 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 which has been explained in the light of Rezlescue model.

Nongjai, Razia; Batoo, Khalid Mujasam; Khan, Shakeel [Dept. of Applied Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, 202002 (India) and King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11451 (Saudi Arabia)

2010-12-01

189

Manifestation of weak ferromagnetism and photocatalytic activity in bismuth ferrite nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

Bismuth ferrite (BFO) nanoparticles were synthesized by auto-ignition technique with and without adding ignition fuel such as citric acid. The presence of citric acid in the reaction mixture yielded highly-magnetic BFO/{gamma}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocomposite. When this composite was annealed to 650 Degree-Sign C, a single phase BFO was formed with average crystallite size of 50 nm and showed weak ferromagnetic behavior. Conversely, the phase pure BFO prepared without adding citric acid exhibited antiferromagnetism because of its larger crystallite size of around 70 nm. The visible-light driven photocatalytic activity of both the pure BFO and BFO/{gamma}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocomposite were examined by degrading methyl orange dye. The pure BFO showed a moderate photocatalytic activity; while BFO/{gamma}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocomposite showed enhanced activity. This could be probably due to the optimal band gap ratio between BFO and {gamma}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} phases reduced the recombination of electron-hole pairs which aided in the enhancement of photocatalytic activity.

Sakar, M.; Balakumar, S. [National Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, University of Madras, Chennai - 600025 (India); Saravanan, P. [Advanced Magnetics Group, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad - 500 058 (India); Jaisankar, S. N. [Polymer Lab, Central Leather Research Laboratory, Adyar, Chennai - 600020 (India)

2013-02-05

190

Dielectric study of Al3+ substituted Fe3O4 ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Al3+ substituted nanoparticles i.e., FeAlxFe2-xO4(x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6) have been synthesized by the chemical co precipitation method. Crystalline phase of synthesized particles was confirmed by XRD pattern. Particle size of as obtained samples was found in the range of 24-34 nm. Dielectric loss (tan ?, dielectric permittivity (??) and ac conductivity (?ac) were evaluated as a function of frequency, composition and temperature using impedance analyzer in the frequency range of (1000 Hz-5 MHz) and temperature range of (300-473 K). AC conductivity (?ac) was found to decrease with increase in Al3+ doping which has been explained on the basis of hopping mechanism. The variation of dielectric loss (tan ?, dielectric permittivity (??), ac conductivity (?ac) with temperature and frequency can be explained on the basis of Maxwell-Wagner type of interfacial polarization and hopping mechanism between ferrous and ferric ions at the octahedral site. DC electrical resistivity was found to decrease with increasing temperature indicating that the substituted ferrites have semiconductor like behavior. Activation energy was found to increase with increasing Al3+ ion content.

Kumari, N.; Kumar, Vinod; Singh, S. K.

2014-07-01

191

Adsorption of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles within layer-by-layer films: a kinetic study carried out using quartz crystal microbalance.  

PubMed

The paper reports on the successful use of the quartz crystal microbalance technique to assess accurate kinetics and equilibrium parameters regarding the investigation of in situ adsorption of nanosized cobalt ferrite particles (CoFe(2)O(4)--10.5 nm-diameter) onto two different surfaces. Firstly, a single layer of nanoparticles was deposited onto the surface provided by the gold-coated quartz resonator functionalized with sodium 3-mercapto propanesulfonate (3-MPS). Secondly, the layer-by-layer (LbL) technique was used to build multilayers in which the CoFe(2)O(4) nanoparticle-based layer alternates with the sodium sulfonated polystyrene (PSS) layer. The adsorption experiments were conducted by modulating the number of adsorbed CoFe(2)O(4)/PSS bilayers (n) and/or by changing the CoFe(2)O(4) nanoparticle concentration while suspended as a stable colloidal dispersion. Adsorption of CoFe(2)O(4) nanoparticles onto the 3-MPS-functionalized surface follows perfectly a first order kinetic process in a wide range (two orders of magnitude) of nanoparticle concentrations. These data were used to assess the equilibrium constant and the adsorption free energy. Alternatively, the Langmuir adsorption constant was obtained while analyzing the isotherm data at the equilibrium. Adsorption of CoFe(2)O(4) nanoparticles while growing multilayers of CoFe(2)O(4)/PSS was conducted using colloidal suspensions with CoFe(2)O(4) concentration in the range of 10(-8) to 10(-6) (moles of cobalt ferrite per litre) and for different numbers of cycles n = 1, 3, 5, and 10. We found the adsorption of CoFe(2)O(4) nanoparticles within the CoFe(2)O(4)/PSS bilayers perfectly following a first order kinetic process, with the characteristic rate constant growing with the increase of CoFe(2)O(4) nanoparticle concentration and decreasing with the rise of the number of LbL cycles (n). Additionally, atomic force microscopy was employed for assessing the LbL film roughness and thickness. We found the film thickness increasing from about 20 to 120 nm while shifting from 3 to 10 CoFe(2)O(4)/PSS bilayers, using the 8.9 × 10(-6) (moles of cobalt ferrite per litre) suspension. PMID:22025281

Alcantara, Gustavo B; Paterno, Leonardo G; Afonso, André S; Faria, Ronaldo C; Pereira-da-Silva, Marcelo A; Morais, Paulo C; Soler, Maria A G

2011-12-28

192

Adsorption of Cu2+ ions using chitosan-modified magnetic Mn ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by microwave-assisted hydrothermal method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chitosan-modified Mn ferrite nanoparticles were synthesized by a one-step microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. These Mn ferrite magnetic composite nanoparticles were employed to absorb Cu2+ ions in water. XRD verified the spinel structure of the MnFe2O4 nanoparticles. Chitosan modification does not result in any phase change of MnFe2O4. FTIR and zeta potentials curves for all samples suggest that chitosan can be successfully coated on the Mn ferrites. TEM characterization showed that the modified MnFe2O4 nanoparticles have a cubic shape with a mean diameter of ?100 nm. For adsorption behavior, the effects of experiment parameters such as solution pH value, contact time and initial Cu2+ ions concentration on the adsorption efficiency were systematically investigated. The results showed that increasing solution pH value and extending contact time are favorable for improving adsorption efficiency. Especially, adsorption efficiency can reach up to 100% and 96.7% after 500 min adsorption at pH 6.5 for the solutions with initial Cu2+ ions concentration of 50 mg/L and 100 mg/L. Adsorption data fits well with the Langmuir isotherm models with a maximum adsorption capacity (qm) and a Langmuir adsorption equilibrium constant (K) of 65.1 mg/g and 0.090 L/mg, respectively. The adsorption kinetic agrees well with pseudo second order model with the pseudo second rate constants (K2) of 0.0468 and 0.00189 g/mg/min for solutions with initial Cu2+ ions of 50 and 100 mg/L, respectively.

Meng, Yuying; Chen, Deyang; Sun, Yitao; Jiao, Dongling; Zeng, Dechang; Liu, Zhongwu

2015-01-01

193

Adsorption of sulfur dioxide by CoFe2O4 spinel ferrite nanoparticles and corresponding changes in magnetism.  

PubMed

Adsorption of sulfur dioxide on 10 nm CoFe(2)O(4) spinel ferrite nanoparticles was examined. Adsorption loadings of sulfur dioxide at breakthrough conditions were determined to be approximately 0.62 mol/kg, which is significant given the 150 m(2)/g surface area of the nanoparticles. Adsorption proceeds through a chemisorption mechanism with sulfur dioxide forming a sulfate upon adsorption on the particle surface, which leads to a 23% decrease in the remnant magnetization, a 20% decrease in the saturation magnetization, and a 9% decrease in the coercivity of the magnetic nanoparticles. Adsorbent materials that provide a magnetic signal when adsorption occurs could have broad implications on adsorption-based separations. PMID:22400990

Glover, T Grant; Sabo, Daniel; Vaughan, Lisa A; Rossin, Joseph A; Zhang, Z John

2012-04-01

194

Size tuned polyol-made Zn0.9M0.1Fe2O4 (M = Mn, Co, Ni) ferrite nanoparticles as potential heating agents for magnetic hyperthermia: from synthesis control to toxicity survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Zn-rich substituted Zn0.9M0.1Fe2O4 (M = Mn, Co, Ni) ferrite nanoparticles (NPs) of about 5 and 10 nm were produced by the so-called polyol method. They were engineered for hyperthermia therapy based on their magnetic and morphological properties. Indeed, because of their comparatively low Curie temperature and reasonable magnetization, these probes may turn into useful self-regulated heating agents under suitable conditions. For such a purpose, the structure, the microstructure, the magnetic and magnetocalorimetric properties of the produced NPs as well as their in vitro cytotoxicity were investigated. Our results demonstrate that the magnetic properties of these magnetically diluted spinel ferrite particles can be largely modified by just changing their size. They also show that the about 10 nm sized manganese-based ones exhibit the highest heating power under a 700 kHz ac magnetic field and the lowest cytotoxicity on Immortalized human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC).

Basti, H.; Hanini, A.; Levy, M.; Ben Tahar, L.; Herbst, F.; Smiri, L. S.; Kacem, K.; Gavard, J.; Wilhelm, C.; Gazeau, F.; Chau, F.; Ammar, S.

2014-12-01

195

In depth analysis of apoptosis induced by silica coated manganese oxide nanoparticles in vitro.  

PubMed

Manganese oxide nanoparticles (MnO NPs) have been regarded as a new class of T1-positive contrast agents. The cytotoxicity of silica coated MnO NPs (MnO@SiO2 NPs) was investigated in human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa) and mouse fibroblast cells (L929). The changes of cell viability, cell morphology, cellular oxidative stress, mitochondrial membrane potential and cell cycle induced by MnO@SiO2 NPs were evaluated. Compared to HeLa cells, L929 cells showed lower cell viability, more strongly response to oxidative stress and higher percentage in the G2/M phase of cell cycle. The appearance of sub-G1 peak, double staining with Annexin V-FITC/PI and the increase of Caspase-3 activity further confirmed apoptosis should be the major form of cell death. Moreover, the apoptotic pathway was clarified as follows. Firstly, reactive oxygen species (ROS) is generated induced by MnO@SiO2 NPs, then p53 is activated followed by an increase in the bax and a decrease in the bcl-2, ultimately leading to G2/M phase arrest, increasing the activity of caspase-3 and inducing apoptosis. PMID:25464291

Yu, Chao; Zhou, Zhiguo; Wang, Jun; Sun, Jin; Liu, Wei; Sun, Yanan; Kong, Bin; Yang, Hong; Yang, Shiping

2015-02-11

196

Synthesis of core/shell spinel ferrite/carbon nanoparticles with enhanced cycling stability for lithium ion battery anodes.  

PubMed

Monodispersed core/shell spinel ferrite/carbon nanoparticles are formed by thermolysis of metal (Fe3+, Co2+) oleates followed by carbon coating. The phase and morphology of nanoparticles are characterized by x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Pure Fe3O4 and CoFe2O4 nanoparticles are initially prepared through thermal decomposition of metal–oleate precursors at 310 degrees C and they are found to exhibit poor electrochemical performance because of the easy aggregation of nanoparticles and the resulting increase in the interparticle contact resistance. In contrast, uniform carbon coating of Fe3O4 and CoFe2O4 nanoparticles by low-temperature (180 degrees C) decomposition of malic acid allowed each nanoparticle to be electrically wired to a current collector through a conducting percolative path. Core/shell Fe3O4/C and CoFe2O4/C nanocomposite electrodes show a high specific capacity that can exceed 700 mAh g(-1) after 200 cycles, along with enhanced cycling stability. PMID:22414887

Jin, Yun-Ho; Seo, Seung-Deok; Shim, Hyun-Woo; Park, Kyung-Soo; Kim, Dong-Wan

2012-03-30

197

Tunable T1 and T2 contrast abilities of manganese-engineered iron oxide nanoparticles through size control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we demonstrate the tunable T1 and T2 contrast abilities of engineered iron oxide nanoparticles with high performance for liver contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in mice. To enhance the diagnostic accuracy of MRI, large numbers of contrast agents with T1 or T2 contrast ability have been widely explored. The comprehensive investigation of high-performance MRI contrast agents with controllable T1 and T2 contrast abilities is of high importance in the field of molecular imaging. In this study, we synthesized uniform manganese-doped iron oxide (MnIO) nanoparticles with controllable size from 5 to 12 nm and comprehensively investigated their MRI contrast abilities. We revealed that the MRI contrast effects of MnIO nanoparticles are highly size-dependent. By controlling the size of MnIO nanoparticles, we can achieve T1-dominated, T2-dominated, and T1-T2 dual-mode MRI contrast agents with much higher contrast enhancement than the corresponding conventional iron oxide nanoparticles.In this paper, we demonstrate the tunable T1 and T2 contrast abilities of engineered iron oxide nanoparticles with high performance for liver contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in mice. To enhance the diagnostic accuracy of MRI, large numbers of contrast agents with T1 or T2 contrast ability have been widely explored. The comprehensive investigation of high-performance MRI contrast agents with controllable T1 and T2 contrast abilities is of high importance in the field of molecular imaging. In this study, we synthesized uniform manganese-doped iron oxide (MnIO) nanoparticles with controllable size from 5 to 12 nm and comprehensively investigated their MRI contrast abilities. We revealed that the MRI contrast effects of MnIO nanoparticles are highly size-dependent. By controlling the size of MnIO nanoparticles, we can achieve T1-dominated, T2-dominated, and T1-T2 dual-mode MRI contrast agents with much higher contrast enhancement than the corresponding conventional iron oxide nanoparticles. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c4nr02680b

Huang, Guoming; Li, Hui; Chen, Jiahe; Zhao, Zhenghuan; Yang, Lijiao; Chi, Xiaoqin; Chen, Zhong; Wang, Xiaomin; Gao, Jinhao

2014-08-01

198

Structure-property relationships in manganese oxide--mesoporous silica nanoparticles used for T1-weighted MRI and simultaneous anti-cancer drug delivery.  

PubMed

The extremely low longitudinal relaxivity (r(1)) of manganese oxide has severely impeded their substitution for cytotoxic gadolinium-based contrast agents for safe clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Here, we report on a synthetic strategy of chemical oxidation/reduction reaction in-situ in mesopores, followed by hydrogen reduction, for the fabrication of non-toxic manganese oxide/MSNs-based MRI-T(1) contrast agents with highly comparable imaging performance to commercial Gd-based agents. This strategy involves a "soft-templating" process to prepare mesoporous silica nanoparticles, in-situ reduction of MnO(4)(-) by the "soft templates" in mesopores and heat treatment under reducing atmosphere, to disperse manganese oxide nanoparticles within mesopores. This special nanostructure combines the merits of nanopores for maximum manganese paramagnetic center accessibility for water molecules for enhanced MRI performance and encapsulation/sustained release/intracellular delivery of drugs. The synthesized manganese oxide/MSNs were successfully assessed as a high performance contrast agent for MRI-T(1) both in intro and in vivo, and meanwhile, was also demonstrated as an effective anti-cancer drug delivery (doxorubicin) vehicle, therefore, a family of manganese-based theranostics was successfully demonstrated based on the manganese oxide/MSNs composite. PMID:22177841

Chen, Yu; Chen, Hangrong; Zhang, Shengjian; Chen, Feng; Sun, Shikuan; He, Qianjun; Ma, Ming; Wang, Xia; Wu, Huixia; Zhang, Lingxia; Zhang, Linlin; Shi, Jianlin

2012-03-01

199

Manganese-impregnated mesoporous silica nanoparticles for signal enhancement in MRI cell labelling studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are used in drug delivery and cell tracking applications. As Mn2+ is already implemented as a ``positive'' cell contrast agent in preclinical imaging procedures (in the form of MnCl2 for neurological studies), the introduction of Mn in the porous network of MSNs would allow labelling cells and tracking them using MRI. These particles are in general internalized in endosomes, an acidic environment with high saline concentration. In addition, the available MSN porosity could also serve as a carrier to deliver medical/therapeutic substances through the labelled cells. In the present study, manganese oxide was introduced in the porous network of MCM-48 silica nanoparticles (Mn-M48SNs). The particles exhibit a narrow size distribution (~140 nm diam.) and high porosity (~60% vol.), which was validated after insertion of Mn. The resulting Mn-M48SNs were characterized by TEM, N2 physisorption, and XRD. Evidence was found with H2-TPR, and XPS characterization, that Mn(ii) is the main oxidation state of the paramagnetic species after suspension in water, most probably in the form of Mn-OOH. The colloidal stability as a function of time was confirmed by DLS in water, acetate buffer and cell culture medium. In NMR data, no significant evidence of Mn2+ leaching was found in Mn-M48SNs in acidic water (pH 6), up to 96 hours after suspension. High longitudinal relaxivity values of r1 = 8.4 mM-1 s-1 were measured at 60 MHz and 37 °C, with the lowest relaxometric ratios (r2/r1 = 2) reported to date for a Mn-MSN system. Leukaemia cells (P388) were labelled with Mn-M48SNs and nanoparticle cell internalization was confirmed by TEM. Finally, MRI contrast enhancement provided by cell labelling with escalated incubation concentrations of Mn-M48SNs was quantified at 1 T. This study confirmed the possibility of efficiently confining Mn into M48SNs using incipient wetness, while maintaining an open porosity and relatively high pore volume. Because these Mn-labelled M48SNs express strong ``positive'' contrast media properties at low concentrations, they are potentially applicable for cell tracking and drug delivery methodologies.Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are used in drug delivery and cell tracking applications. As Mn2+ is already implemented as a ``positive'' cell contrast agent in preclinical imaging procedures (in the form of MnCl2 for neurological studies), the introduction of Mn in the porous network of MSNs would allow labelling cells and tracking them using MRI. These particles are in general internalized in endosomes, an acidic environment with high saline concentration. In addition, the available MSN porosity could also serve as a carrier to deliver medical/therapeutic substances through the labelled cells. In the present study, manganese oxide was introduced in the porous network of MCM-48 silica nanoparticles (Mn-M48SNs). The particles exhibit a narrow size distribution (~140 nm diam.) and high porosity (~60% vol.), which was validated after insertion of Mn. The resulting Mn-M48SNs were characterized by TEM, N2 physisorption, and XRD. Evidence was found with H2-TPR, and XPS characterization, that Mn(ii) is the main oxidation state of the paramagnetic species after suspension in water, most probably in the form of Mn-OOH. The colloidal stability as a function of time was confirmed by DLS in water, acetate buffer and cell culture medium. In NMR data, no significant evidence of Mn2+ leaching was found in Mn-M48SNs in acidic water (pH 6), up to 96 hours after suspension. High longitudinal relaxivity values of r1 = 8.4 mM-1 s-1 were measured at 60 MHz and 37 °C, with the lowest relaxometric ratios (r2/r1 = 2) reported to date for a Mn-MSN system. Leukaemia cells (P388) were labelled with Mn-M48SNs and nanoparticle cell internalization was confirmed by TEM. Finally, MRI contrast enhancement provided by cell labelling with escalated incubation concentrations of Mn-M48SNs was quantified at 1 T. This study confirmed the possibility of efficiently confining Mn into M48SNs using incipient wetness

Guillet-Nicolas, Rémy; Laprise-Pelletier, Myriam; Nair, Mahesh M.; Chevallier, Pascale; Lagueux, Jean; Gossuin, Yves; Laurent, Sophie; Kleitz, Freddy; Fortin, Marc-André

2013-11-01

200

Anhydride functionalised calcium ferrite nanoparticles: a new selective magnetic material for enrichment of lead ions from water and food samples.  

PubMed

In this research a sonochemistry route for manufacture of uniform nanocrystalline CaFe2O4 and its anhydride functionalisation were reported. The potential of raw and modified material as a magnetically separable sorbent in selective enrichment of lead ions from water and food samples is outlined. This material was characterised using FT-IR, XRD, SEM and VSM techniques. The SEM and VSM results indicated that the calcium ferrite nanoparticles are sphere-like particles possessing superparamagnetic properties with an average diameter of 40 nm. Various analytical parameters, including pH, contact time, type and concentration of eluent, adsorption capacity, sample volume and interference of ions, were optimised. Following a modification by anhydride, calcium ferrite selectivity toward lead ions was raised more than twofold compared to the unmodified nanoparticles. Finally a pre-concentration procedure was applied for determination of trace Pb(II) in canned tuna fish, canned tomato paste, parsley, milk and well-water samples with satisfactory results. PMID:25306327

Pirouz, Mojgan Jafari; Beyki, Mostafa Hossein; Shemirani, Farzaneh

2015-03-01

201

Low temperature-fired Ni-Cu-Zn ferrite nanoparticles through auto-combustion method for multilayer chip inductor applications  

PubMed Central

Ferrite nanoparticles of basic composition Ni0.7-xZnxCu0.3Fe2O4 (0.0 ? x ? 0.2, x = 0.05) were synthesized through auto-combustion method and were characterized for structural properties using X-ray diffraction [XRD], scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy [FT-IR]. XRD analysis of the powder samples sintered at 600°C for 4 h showed the cubic spinel structure for ferrites with a narrow size distribution from 28 to 32 nm. FT-IR showed two absorption bands (v1 and v2) that are attributed to the stretching vibration of tetrahedral and octahedral sites. The effect of Zn doping on the electrical properties was studied using dielectric and impedance spectroscopy at room temperature. The dielectric parameters (?', ??, tan?, and ?ac) show their maximum value for 10% Zn doping. The dielectric constant and loss tangent decrease with increasing frequency of the applied field. The results are explained in the light of dielectric polarization which is similar to the conduction phenomenon. The complex impedance shows that the conduction process in grown nanoparticles takes place predominantly through grain boundary volume. PACS: 75.50.Gg; 78.20; 77.22.Gm. PMID:22316055

2012-01-01

202

Synthesis and microstructure of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles L.Ajroudi1,2  

E-print Network

magnetic properties [1-3], associated to low cost of production, chemical stability and bio compatibility]. In this work, we have developed a simple one pot solvothermal synthesis method to obtain cobalt ferrites

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

203

Synthesis and investigation of magnetic properties of Gd-substituted Mn Zn ferrite nanoparticles as a potential low-TC agent for magnetic fluid hyperthermia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gd-substituted Mn Zn ferrite nanoparticles of different compositions were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. To study the reduction of the Curie temperature (TC) for different samples, their magnetic properties in dependence from the composition and cationic distribution were investigated. An attempt to lower the TC of superparamagnetic particles to the optimal temperature required in magnetic fluid hyperthermia (44 47 °C)

Tatiana N. Brusentsova; Nikolay A. Brusentsov; Viatcheslav D. Kuznetsov; Vladimir N. Nikiforov

2005-01-01

204

Preparation of magnetic photocatalyst nanoparticles—TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Mn–Zn ferrite—and its photocatalytic activity influenced by silica interlayer  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: ? TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Mn–Zn ferrite acts as magnetic photocatalyst nanoparticle. ? SiO{sub 2} interlayer is used to prevent electron migration between photocatalyst and magnetic core. ? TiO{sub 2}/Mn–Zn ferrite without SiO{sub 2} interlayer shows poor magnetic and photocatalytic property. -- Abstract: A magnetic photocatalyst, TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Mn–Zn ferrite, was prepared by stepwise synthesis involving the co-precipitation of Mn–Zn ferrite as a magnetic core, followed by a coating of silica as the interlayer, and titania as the top layer. The particle size and distribution of magnetic nanoparticles were found to depend on the addition rate of reagent and dispersing rate of reaction. The X-ray diffractometer and transmission electron microscope were used to examine the crystal structures and the morphologies of the prepared composites. Vibrating sample magnetometer was also used to reveal their superparamagnetic property. The UV–Vis spectrophotometer was employed to monitor the decomposition of methylene blue in the photocatalytic efficient study. It was found that at least a minimum thickness of the silica interlayer around 20 nm was necessary for the inhibition of electron transference initiated by TiO{sub 2} and Mn–Zn ferrite.

Laohhasurayotin, Kritapas, E-mail: kritapas@nanotec.or.th [National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 111 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Rd., Klong 1, Klong Luang, Patumthani 12120 (Thailand)] [National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 111 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Rd., Klong 1, Klong Luang, Patumthani 12120 (Thailand); Pookboonmee, Sudarat; Viboonratanasri, Duangkamon; Kangwansupamonkon, Wiyong [National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 111 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Rd., Klong 1, Klong Luang, Patumthani 12120 (Thailand)] [National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 111 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Rd., Klong 1, Klong Luang, Patumthani 12120 (Thailand)

2012-06-15

205

Synthesis and magnetic properties of CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel ferrite nanoparticles doped with lanthanide ions  

SciTech Connect

Lanthanide ions have been doped into cobalt spinel ferrites using an oil-in-water micellar method to form CoLn{sub 0.12}Fe{sub 1.88}O{sub 4} nanoparticles with Ln=Ce, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, or Er. Doping with lanthanide ions (Ln{sup III}) modulates the magnetic properties of cobalt spinel ferrite nanoparticles. In particular cases of Gd{sup 3+} or Dy{sup 3+} ions, a dramatic increase in the blocking temperature and coercivity is observed. Indeed, the introduction of only 4% of Gd{sup 3+} ions increases the blocking temperature {similar_to}100 K and the coercivity 60%. Initial studies on the magnetic properties of these doped nanoparticles clearly demonstrate that the relationship between the modulation of magnetic properties and the nature of doped Ln{sup III} ions is interesting but very complex. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Kahn, Myrtil L.; Zhang, Z. John

2001-06-04

206

Synthesis and investigation of magnetic properties of substituted ferrite nanoparticles of spinel system Mn1-xZnx[Fe2-yLy]O4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Superparamagnetic nanoparticles of the spinel ferrite four-element system Mn1-xZnx[Fe2-yLy]O4 (where L:Gd3+, La3+, Ce3+, Eu3+, Dy3+, Er3+,Yb3+) were synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The magnetic moments of the 10 nm diameter nanoparticles were comparable to the ones of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. A comparatively low TC (˜52 72 °C) was observed for some of the compositions. The heating mechanism of the superparamagnetic particles

Tatiana N. Brusentsova; Viatcheslav D. Kuznetsov

2007-01-01

207

Synthesis and investigation of magnetic properties of substituted ferrite nanoparticles of spinel system Mn 1? x Zn x [Fe 2? y L y ]O 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Superparamagnetic nanoparticles of the spinel ferrite four-element system Mn1?xZnx[Fe2?yLy]O4 (where L:Gd3+, La3+, Ce3+, Eu3+, Dy3+, Er3+,Yb3+) were synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The magnetic moments of the 10nm diameter nanoparticles were comparable to the ones of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. A comparatively low TC (?52–72°C) was observed for some of the compositions. The heating mechanism of the superparamagnetic particles in the AC

Tatiana N. Brusentsova; Viatcheslav D. Kuznetsov

2007-01-01

208

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and friction studies of nickel-zinc and manganese-zinc ferrites in contact with metals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis and sliding friction experiments were conducted with hot-pressed, polycrystalline Ni-Zn and Mn-Zn ferrites in sliding contact with various transition metals at room temperature in a vacuum of 30 nPa. The results indicate that the coefficients of friction for Ni-Zn and Mn-Zn ferrites in contact with metals are related to the relative chemical activity in these metals: the more active the metal, the higher is the coefficient of friction. The coefficients of friction for the ferrites correlate with the free energy of formation of the lowest metal oxide. The interfacial bond can be regarded as a chemical bond between the metal atoms and the oxygen anions in the ferrite surfaces. The adsorption of oxygen on clean metal and ferrite surfaces increases the coefficients of friction for the Ni-Zn and Mn-Zn ferrite-metal interfaces.

Miyoshi, K.; Buckley, D. H.

1983-01-01

209

Anomalous magnetic antiresonance and resonance in ferrite nanoparticles embedded in opal matrix  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observation of magnetic antiresonance phenomenon is reported in 3D opal nanocomposite with embedded ferrite particles. Antiresonance at microwave frequencies of millimeter waveband was observed. It results in a sharp maximum of the reflection coefficient of an electromagnetic wave. Measurements were carried out in the frequency range from 26 to 38 GHz for two compositions of embedded ferrite particles, namely, the Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 and Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4. The physical nature of antiresonance is discussed.

Ustinov, V. V.; Rinkevich, A. B.; Perov, D. V.; Samoilovich, M. I.; Klescheva, S. M.

2012-01-01

210

Influence of Zn Zr ions on physical and magnetic properties of co-precipitated cobalt ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles having the chemical formula CoFe 2-2xZr xZn xO 4 with x ranging from 0.0 to 0.4 were prepared by chemical co-precipitation method. The powder X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the spinel structure for the prepared compound. The particle size was calculated from the most intense peak (3 1 1) using Scherrer formula. The particle size of the samples was found within the range of 12-23 nm for all the compositions. The magnetic and electrical properties of these materials have been studied as a function of temperature. Activation energy and drift mobility have been calculated from the DC electrical resistivity measurements. Dielectric properties such as dielectric constant and dielectric loss tangent were measured at room temperature in the frequency range 100 Hz-1 MHz.

Gul, I. H.; Maqsood, A.

2007-09-01

211

Microwave absorption properties of polymer composites with amorphous Fe-B and Ni-Zn-Co ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays, many communication devices use GHz-range microwaves, which cause serious issues, such as electromagnetic interference. For the prevention of these problems, microwave absorbers consisting of polymer composites with magnetic particles have received attention. With the current trend being to miniaturize devices, thin microwave absorber are now required. This paper reports that polymer composites with amorphous Fe-B submicrometer particles and Ni-Zn-Co ferrite nanoparticles showed a permeability of µ r ' = 8.0-9.0 at 1.0 GHz and a resonant frequency of f r = 1.8-2.4 GHz. They also exhibited good microwave absorption properties at 0.7-1.4 GHz for thicknesses of 2.5-3.9 mm.

Shimba, Kazuaki; Yuki, Shozo; Tezuka, Nobuki; Sugimoto, Satoshi

2013-06-01

212

Manganese oxide-based multifunctionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles for pH-responsive MRI, ultrasonography and circumvention of MDR in cancer cells.  

PubMed

Nano-biotechnology has been introduced into cancer theranostics by engineering a new generation of highly versatile hybrid mesoporous composite nanocapsules (HMCNs) for manganese-based pH-responsive dynamic T(1)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to efficiently respond and detect the tumor acidic microenvironment, which was further integrated with ultrasonographic function based on the intrinsic unique hollow nanostructures of HMCNs for potentially in vitro and in vivo dual-modality cancer imaging. The manganese oxide-based multifunctionalization of hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles was achieved by an in situ redox reaction using mesopores as the nanoreactors. Due to the dissolution nature of manganese oxide nanoparticles under weak acidic conditions, the relaxation rate r(1) of manganese-based mesoporous MRI-T(1) contrast agents (CAs) could reach 8.81 mM(-1)s(-1), which is a 11-fold magnitude increase compared to the neutral condition, and is almost two times higher than commercial Gd(III)-based complex agents. This is also the highest r(1) value ever reported for manganese oxide nanoparticles-based MRI-T(1) CAs. In addition, the hollow interiors and thin mesoporous silica shells endow HMCNs with the functions of CAs for efficient in vitro and in vivo ultrasonography under both harmonic- and B-modes. Importantly, the well-defined mesopores and large hollow interiors of HMCNs could encapsulate and deliver anticancer agents (doxorubicin) intracellularly to circumvent the multidrug resistance (MDR) of cancer cells and restore the anti-proliferative effect of drugs by nanoparticle-mediated endocytosis process, intracellular drug release and P-gp inhibition/ATP depletion in cancer cells. PMID:22789722

Chen, Yu; Yin, Qi; Ji, Xiufeng; Zhang, Shengjian; Chen, Hangrong; Zheng, Yuanyi; Sun, Yang; Qu, Haiyun; Wang, Zheng; Li, Yaping; Wang, Xia; Zhang, Kun; Zhang, Linlin; Shi, Jianlin

2012-10-01

213

Self-assembled organic–inorganic magnetic hybrid adsorbent ferrite based on cyclodextrin nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Summary Organic–inorganic magnetic hybrid materials (MHMs) combine a nonmagnetic and a magnetic component by means of electrostatic interactions or covalent bonds, and notable features can be achieved. Herein, we describe an application of a self-assembled material based on ferrite associated with ?-cyclodextrin (Fe-Ni/Zn/?CD) at the nanoscale level. This MHM and pure ferrite (Fe-Ni/Zn) were used as an adsorbent system for Cr3+ and Cr2O7 2? ions in aqueous solutions. Prior to the adsorption studies, both ferrites were characterized in order to determine the particle size distribution, morphology and available binding sites on the surface of the materials. Microscopy analysis demonstrated that both ferrites present two different size domains, at the micro- and nanoscale level, with the latter being able to self-assemble into larger particles. Fe-Ni/Zn/?CD presented smaller particles and a more homogeneous particle size distribution. Higher porosity for this MHM compared to Fe-Ni/Zn was observed by Brunauer–Emmett–Teller isotherms and positron-annihilation-lifetime spectroscopy. Based on the pKa values, potentiometric titrations demonstrated the presence of ?CD in the inorganic matrix, indicating that the lamellar structures verified by transmission electronic microscopy can be associated with ?CD assembled structures. Colloidal stability was inferred as a function of time at different pH values, indicating the sedimentation rate as a function of pH. Zeta potential measurements identified an amphoteric behavior for the Fe-Ni/Zn/?CD, suggesting its better capability to remove ions (cations and anions) from aqueous solutions compared to that of Fe-Ni/Zn. PMID:23209524

Denadai, Ângelo M L; De Sousa, Frederico B; Passos, Joel J; Guatimosim, Fernando C; Barbosa, Kirla D; Burgos, Ana E; de Oliveira, Fernando Castro; da Silva, Jeann C; Neves, Bernardo R A; Mohallem, Nelcy D S

2012-01-01

214

Preparation and magnetic properties of hexagonal barium ferrite films using BaM nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Barium ferrite (BaFe12O19—BaM) thick films have been synthesized using a spinning coating sol–gel process. The coating sol was formed from BaM powders dispersed in the BaM raw sol. XRD, SEM, EDX, vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and ac susceptometer, were employed to evaluate the structure, composition and magnetic properties of BaM thick films. The results indicated that a uniform and crack-free

Ali Ghasemi; Reza Shams Alam; Akimitsu Morisako

2008-01-01

215

Influence of calcium ions on the structural and magnetic properties of Cd-Mg ferrites nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Cadmium magnesium ferrites doped with calcium having the chemical formula Cd0.5Mg0.5-x Ca(x)Fe2O4 (0.0 < or = x < or = 0.3) were prepared by the Co-precipitation method. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the formation of a single phase with spinel crystal structure for the samples. The lattice parameter is determined for each composition and has been found to increase from 8.505 angstroms to 8.626 angstroms with increasing calcium concentration. Cation distribution for the studied ferrite system is proposed in terms of the structural and magnetic properties by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and is found to be reliable. The experimental and theoretical lattice constants show the same trend with increasing calcium concentration indicating the validity of the proposed cation distribution. The analysis of infrared spectra indicates the presence of splitting in the absorption band which may be attributed to the presence of small amounts of Fe2+ ions in the ferrite system. The appearance of a shoulder around 700 cm(-1) suggests the presence of calcium ions in the tetrahedral site. The addition of non magnetic calcium ions in the ferrites suppressed the A-interaction and developed a B-B interaction, which is reflected in reducing the saturation magnetization in the present samples. The coercive field (H(c)) is also found to increase by increasing of Ca2+ concentration and has been explained on the bases of direct relationship with anisotropy constant. PMID:23035443

Zaki, H M; Al-Heniti, S

2012-09-01

216

Synthesis and investigation of magnetic properties of Gd-substituted Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles as a potential low- TC agent for magnetic fluid hyperthermia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gd-substituted Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles of different compositions were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. To study the reduction of the Curie temperature ( TC) for different samples, their magnetic properties in dependence from the composition and cationic distribution were investigated. An attempt to lower the TC of superparamagnetic particles to the optimal temperature required in magnetic fluid hyperthermia (44-47 °C) was made.

Brusentsova, Tatiana N.; Brusentsov, Nikolay A.; Kuznetsov, Viatcheslav D.; Nikiforov, Vladimir N.

2005-05-01

217

Synthesis and investigation of magnetic properties of Gd-substituted Mn–Zn ferrite nanoparticles as a potential low- T C agent for magnetic fluid hyperthermia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gd-substituted Mn–Zn ferrite nanoparticles of different compositions were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method. To study the reduction of the Curie temperature (TC) for different samples, their magnetic properties in dependence from the composition and cationic distribution were investigated. An attempt to lower the TC of superparamagnetic particles to the optimal temperature required in magnetic fluid hyperthermia (44–47°C) was made.

Tatiana N. Brusentsova; Nikolay A. Brusentsov; Viatcheslav D. Kuznetsov; Vladimir N. Nikiforov

2005-01-01

218

Manganese nanoparticles: impact on non-nodulated plant as a potent enhancer in nitrogen metabolism and toxicity study both in vivo and in vitro.  

PubMed

Mung bean plants were grown under controlled conditions and supplemented with macro- and micronutrients. The objective of this study was to determine the response of manganese nanoparticles (MnNP) in nitrate uptake, assimilation, and metabolism compared with the commercially used manganese salt, manganese sulfate (MS). MnNP was modulated to affect the assimilatory process by enhancing the net flux of nitrogen assimilation through NR-NiR and GS-GOGAT pathways. This study was associated with toxicological investigation on in vitro and in vivo systems to promote MnNP as nanofertilizer and can be used as an alternative to MS. MnNP did not impart any toxicity to the mice brain mitochondria except in the partial inhibition of complex II-III activity in ETC. Therefore, mitochondrial dysfunction and neurotoxicity, which were noted by excess usage of elemental manganese, were prevented. This is the first attempt to highlight the nitrogen uptake, assimilation, and metabolism in a plant system using a nanoparticle to promote a biosafe nanomicronutrient-based crop management. PMID:25126671

Pradhan, Saheli; Patra, Prasun; Mitra, Shouvik; Dey, Kushal Kumar; Jain, Sneha; Sarkar, Samapd; Roy, Shuvrodeb; Palit, Pratip; Goswami, Arunava

2014-09-01

219

Microwave resonant and zero-field absorption study of pure and doped ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microwave absorption was studied for magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 (A) prepared by co-precipitation and Ni0.35Cu0.15Zn0.5Fe2O4 (B) nanoparticles prepared by the sol–gel combustion method at different temperature. In all cases only one ferromagnetic resonance line was observed which indicated that the materials were magnetically uniform. The linewidths were large mainly because of the wide variations in particle sizes, shapes and orientations.

G. V. Kurlyandskaya; S. M. Bhagat; S. E. Jacobo; J. C. Aphesteguy; N. N. Schegoleva

2011-01-01

220

Magnetic properties and superparamagnetism of co-substituted Ni–Zn ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mixed-ferrite (Ni0.6?xCox)Zn0.4Fe2O4 (x = 0–0.6) particles were synthesized by a co-precipitation method. X-Ray powder diffraction confirms their cubic spinel\\u000a structure. TEM micrographs and XRD calculations showed that the particle size d in the range of 9–29 nm. Magnetic measurements\\u000a reveal superparamagnetic behaviors, with a maximum blocking temperature TB and a relatively high saturation magnetization at x ? 0.2, corresponding to the maximum particle size. Effective

M. M. Eltabey

221

The effect of annealing on phase evolution, microstructure and magnetic properties of Mn substituted CoFe2O4 nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese substituted CoFe2O4 nanoparticles has been prepared by a simple evaporation method and auto combustion method. The role of annealing temperature on phase, particle size and morphology of Mn-Co ferrite nanoparticles were determined by X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The lowest size of particles (~3 nm) is obtained by auto combustion method. The annealing effect creates a vital change in magnetic properties which is studied by using vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). These spinel ferrites are decomposed to ?-Fe2O3 after annealing above 550 °C in air. However, ?-Fe2O3 phase was slowly vanished after ferrites annealing above 900 °C. The effect of this secondary phase on the structural and magnetic properties of Mn substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles is also discussed.

Ranjith Kumar, E.; Jayaprakash, R.; Prakash, T.

2014-05-01

222

Nickel-doped cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: efficient catalysts for the reduction of nitroaromatic compounds and photo-oxidative degradation of toxic dyes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study deals with the exploration of NixCo1-xFe2O4 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0) ferrite nanoparticles as catalysts for reduction of 4-nitrophenol and photo-oxidative degradation of Rhodamine B. The ferrite samples with uniform size distribution were synthesized using the reverse micelle technique. The structural investigation was performed using powder X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray and scanning tunneling microscopy. The spherical particles with ordered cubic spinel structure were found to have the crystallite size of 4-6 nm. Diffused UV-visible reflectance spectroscopy was employed to investigate the optical properties of the synthesized ferrite nanoparticles. The surface area calculated using BET method was found to be highest for Co0.4Ni0.6Fe2O4 (154.02 m2 g-1). Co0.4Ni0.6Fe2O4 showed the best catalytic activity for reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol in the presence of NaBH4 as reducing agent, whereas CoFe2O4 was found to be catalytically inactive. The reduction reaction followed pseudo-first order kinetics. The effect of varying the concentration of catalyst and NaBH4 on the reaction rates was also scrutinized. The photo-oxidative degradation of Rhodamine B, enhanced oxidation efficacy was observed with the introduction of Ni2+ in to the cobalt ferrite lattice due to octahedral site preference of Ni2+. Almost 99% degradation was achieved in 20 min using NiFe2O4 nanoparticles as catalyst.

Singh, Charanjit; Goyal, Ankita; Singhal, Sonal

2014-06-01

223

Nickel-doped cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: efficient catalysts for the reduction of nitroaromatic compounds and photo-oxidative degradation of toxic dyes.  

PubMed

This study deals with the exploration of NixCo?-xFe?O? (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0) ferrite nanoparticles as catalysts for reduction of 4-nitrophenol and photo-oxidative degradation of Rhodamine B. The ferrite samples with uniform size distribution were synthesized using the reverse micelle technique. The structural investigation was performed using powder X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray and scanning tunneling microscopy. The spherical particles with ordered cubic spinel structure were found to have the crystallite size of 4-6 nm. Diffused UV-visible reflectance spectroscopy was employed to investigate the optical properties of the synthesized ferrite nanoparticles. The surface area calculated using BET method was found to be highest for Co?.?Ni?.?Fe?O? (154.02 m(2) g(-1)). Co?.?Ni?.?Fe?O? showed the best catalytic activity for reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol in the presence of NaBH4 as reducing agent, whereas CoFe?O? was found to be catalytically inactive. The reduction reaction followed pseudo-first order kinetics. The effect of varying the concentration of catalyst and NaBH? on the reaction rates was also scrutinized. The photo-oxidative degradation of Rhodamine B, enhanced oxidation efficacy was observed with the introduction of Ni(2+) in to the cobalt ferrite lattice due to octahedral site preference of Ni(2+). Almost 99% degradation was achieved in 20 min using NiFe?O? nanoparticles as catalyst. PMID:24902783

Singh, Charanjit; Goyal, Ankita; Singhal, Sonal

2014-07-21

224

Synthesis and photoluminescent and nonlinear optical properties of manganese doped ZnS nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we synthesized ZnS:Mn 2+ nanoparticles by chemical method using PVP (polyvinylpyrrolidone) as a capping agent in aqueous solution. The structure and optical properties of the resultant product were characterized using UV-vis optical spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) and z-scan techniques. UV-vis spectra for all samples showed an excitonic peak at around 292 nm, indicating that concentration of Mn 2+ ions does not alter the band gap of nanoparticles. XRD patterns showed that the ZnS:Mn 2+ nanoparticles have zinc blende structure with the average crystalline sizes of about 2 nm. The room temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of ZnS:Mn 2+ exhibited an orange-red emission at 594 nm due to the 4T 1- 6A 1 transition in Mn 2+. The PL intensity increased with increase in the Mn 2+ ion concentration. The second-order nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticles were studied using a continuous-wave (CW) He-Ne laser by z-scan technique. The nonlinear refractive indices of nanoparticles were in the order of 10 -8 cm 2/W with negative sign and the nonlinear absorption indices of these nanoparticles were obtained to be about 10 -3 cm/W with positive sign.

Nazerdeylami, Somayeh; Saievar-Iranizad, Esmaiel; Dehghani, Zahra; Molaei, Mehdi

2011-01-01

225

Intragranular ferrite nucleation in medium-carbon vanadium steels  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the mechanism of intragranular ferrite nucleation is investigated. It is found that “intragranular ferrite\\u000a idiomorphs” nucleate at vanadium nitrides which precipitate at manganese sulfide particles during cooling in the austenite\\u000a region. It is observed that intragranular ferrite has the Baker-Nutting orientation relationship with vanadium nitride which\\u000a precipitated at manganese sulfide. According to classical nucleation theory, the proeutectoid

Fusao Ishikawa; Toshihiko Takahashi; Tatsurou Ochi

1994-01-01

226

Biocompatibility of various ferrite nanoparticles evaluated by in vitro cytotoxicity assays using HeLa cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic nanoparticles for thermotherapy must be biocompatible and possess high thermal efficiency as heating elements. The biocompatibility of Fe 3O 4 (20-30 nm), ZnFe 2O 4 (15-30 nm) and NiFe 2O 4 (20-30 nm) nanoparticles was studied using a cytotoxicity colony formation assay and a cell viability assay. The Fe 3O 4 sample was found to be biocompatible on HeLa cells. While ZnFe 2O 4 and NiFe 2O 4 were non-toxic at low concentrations, HeLa cells exhibited cytotoxic effects when exposed to concentrations of 100 ?g/ml nanoparticles.

Tomitaka, Asahi; Hirukawa, Atsuo; Yamada, Tsutomu; Morishita, Shin; Takemura, Yasushi

2009-05-01

227

Effect of Dy+3 on the structure and static magnetic properties of spin-glass MnZn ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structural and static magnetic properties of a series of ferrites nanoparticles (the size ranges from 7.6 to 13.5 nm) having nominal chemical composition DyxMn0.5Zn0.5Fe2-xO4 (x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06) have been investigated. The x-ray diffraction analysis clarifies that the samples crystallize in typical cubic spinel structure. Incorporation of Dy ions in the Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 lattice structure has been proved by Raman spectroscopy measurements. Correspondingly, a significant increase in the grain size and a dramatic change in the magnetic properties are observed. The magnetization versus magnetic field M(H) plots are nonhysteretic where the coercivity remains zero and display Langevin-like behavior. The temperature dependence of magnetization M(T) plots in field cooling regime shows spin-glass behavior indicating a strong interaction between the magnetic moments. The blocking temperature determined from M(T) plots in zero field cooling regime increases as the Dy content increases.

Ibrahim, E. M. M.

2013-04-01

228

Plasma-assisted catalytic dry reforming of methane: Highly catalytic performance of nickel ferrite nanoparticles embedded in silica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spinel nickel ferrite nanoparticles (NiFe2O4 NPs) embedded in silica (NiFe2O4#SiO2) was prepared to enhance the reaction performance of the dry reforming of methane in a coaxial dielectric barrier discharge reactor. NiFe2O4 NPs of around 10 nm were effectively embedded in porous SiO2 NPs (?100 nm in diameter). Compared to the supported Ni-based catalysts (Ni/?-Al2O3, Ni-Fe/?-Al2O3, Ni-Fe/SiO2, and NiFe2O4), the NiFe2O4#SiO2 catalyst placed at the discharge zone exhibited excellent catalytic performance and high resistance to carbon formation during dry reforming under ambient conditions without the involvement of extra heat. The synergetic effect between the non-thermal plasma and the NiFe2O4#SiO2 catalyst favored the conversion of CH4 and CO2 into syngas. The results indicated that the special structure of the as-synthesized NiFe2O4#SiO2 catalyst was capable of restraining the aggregation of Ni-Fe alloy and suppressing the carbon formation in the reforming process.

Zheng, Xiaogang; Tan, Shiyu; Dong, Lichun; Li, Shaobo; Chen, Hongmei

2015-01-01

229

Solvothermal synthesis of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles loaded on multiwalled carbon nanotubes for magnetic resonance imaging and drug delivery.  

PubMed

Multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/cobalt ferrite (CoFe(2)O(4)) magnetic hybrids were synthesized by a solvothermal method. The reaction temperature significantly affected the structure of the resultant MWCNT/CoFe(2)O(4) hybrids, which varied from 6nm CoFe(2)O(4) nanoparticles uniformly coated on the nanotubes at 180°C to agglomerated CoFe(2)O(4) spherical particles threaded by MWCNTs and forming necklace-like nanostructures at 240°C. Based on the superparamagnetic property at room temperature and high hydrophilicity, the MWCNT/CoFe(2)O(4) hybrids prepared at 180°C (MWCNT/CoFe(2)O(4)-180) were further investigated for biomedical applications, which showed a high T(2) relaxivity of 152.8 Fe mM(-1)s(-1) in aqueous solutions, a significant negative contrast enhancement effect on cancer cells and, more importantly, low cytotoxicity and negligible hemolytic activity. The anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) can be loaded onto the hybrids and subsequently released in a sustained and pH-responsive way. The DOX-loaded hybrids exhibited notable cytotoxicity to HeLa cancer cells due to the intracellular release of DOX. These results suggest that MWCNT/CoFe(2)O(4)-180 hybrids may be used as both effective magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents and anticancer drug delivery systems for simultaneous cancer diagnosis and chemotherapy. PMID:21664499

Wu, Huixia; Liu, Gang; Wang, Xue; Zhang, Jiamin; Chen, Yu; Shi, Jianlin; Yang, Hong; Hu, He; Yang, Shiping

2011-09-01

230

Multiple Ferromagnetic Resonance in Ferrite Spheres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ferromagnetic resonance experiments have been performed on single crystal spheres of manganese and manganese-zinc ferrites placed in field configurations having large gradients in the rf magnetic field at the sample site. Five major and several minor resonant absorptions are observed extending over a region of 700 oersteds at room temperature. The line spacings are essentially independent of sphere size. The

Robert L. White; Irvin H. Solt

1956-01-01

231

Field dependent transition to the non-linear regime in magnetic hyperthermia experiments: Comparison between maghemite, copper, zinc, nickel and cobalt ferrite nanoparticles of similar sizes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Further advances in magnetic hyperthermia might be limited by biological constraints, such as using sufficiently low frequencies and low field amplitudes to inhibit harmful eddy currents inside the patient's body. These incite the need to optimize the heating efficiency of the nanoparticles, referred to as the specific absorption rate (SAR). Among the several properties currently under research, one of particular importance is the transition from the linear to the non-linear regime that takes place as the field amplitude is increased, an aspect where the magnetic anisotropy is expected to play a fundamental role. In this paper we investigate the heating properties of cobalt ferrite and maghemite nanoparticles under the influence of a 500 kHz sinusoidal magnetic field with varying amplitude, up to 134 Oe. The particles were characterized by TEM, XRD, FMR and VSM, from which most relevant morphological, structural and magnetic properties were inferred. Both materials have similar size distributions and saturation magnetization, but strikingly different magnetic anisotropies. From magnetic hyperthermia experiments we found that, while at low fields maghemite is the best nanomaterial for hyperthermia applications, above a critical field, close to the transition from the linear to the non-linear regime, cobalt ferrite becomes more efficient. The results were also analyzed with respect to the energy conversion efficiency and compared with dynamic hysteresis simulations. Additional analysis with nickel, zinc and copper-ferrite nanoparticles of similar sizes confirmed the importance of the magnetic anisotropy and the damping factor. Further, the analysis of the characterization parameters suggested core-shell nanostructures, probably due to a surface passivation process during the nanoparticle synthesis. Finally, we discussed the effect of particle-particle interactions and its consequences, in particular regarding discrepancies between estimated parameters and expected theoretical predictions.

Verde, E. L.; Landi, G. T.; Carrião, M. S.; Drummond, A. L.; Gomes, J. A.; Vieira, E. D.; Sousa, M. H.; Bakuzis, A. F.

2012-09-01

232

Structural and magnetic properties of dispersed nickel ferrite nanoparticles synthesized through thermal decomposition route  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dispersed NiFe2O4 nanoparticles are synthesized through thermal decomposition of mixed-metal (Ni2+Fe3+)-oleate complex in the presence of high boiling point organic solvent 1-octadecene with oleic acid, by tuning the mixed-metal (Ni2+Fe3+)-oleate complex precursor and the temperature. Oleic acid is used as a surfactant, capped on the surface of the particles, which assists the particles to disperse in hexane. The as-synthesized NiFe2O4 nanoparticles have a cubic spinel structure as characterized by x-ray diffraction. The ferrimagnetic nature of these nanoparticles is conformed from the field dependent room temperature magnetization curves measured using vibrating sample magnetometer. The saturation magnetization of these nanoparticles strongly depends on the particle size which can be tuned by the mixed-metal (Ni2+Fe3+)-oleate complex precursor concentration and the synthesis temperature. Transmission electron microscope images show that the particles are nearly monodispersed at high synthesis temperature.

Behera, Bhaskar Chandra; Venkata, Ravindra A.; Srivastava, Chandan; Padhan, Prahallad

2013-02-01

233

Synthesis, effect of capping agents and optical properties of manganese-doped zinc sulphide nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Mn(2+)-doped ZnS nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by a chemical precipitation method, using non-ionic surfactants such as PMMA and PEG. The particles were prepared in an air atmosphere at 80 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-visible and photoluminescence (PL) studies were used to investigate the effect of the capping agent on the size, morphology and optical properties of the ZnS-Mn(2+) nanoparticles. Enhanced PL was observed from the surfactant-capped ZnS-Mn(2+) nanoparticles. The PL spectra showed a broad blue emission band in the range 460-445 nm and a Mn(2+)-related yellow-orange emission band in the range 581-583 nm. PMID:22730304

Murugadoss, G; Ramasamy, V

2013-01-01

234

Luminol-silver nitrate chemiluminescence enhancement induced by cobalt ferrite nanoparticles.  

PubMed

CoFe(2)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs) could stimulate the weak chemiluminescence (CL) system of luminol and AgNO(3), resulting in a strong CL emission. The UV-visible spectra, X-ray photoelectron spectra and TEM images of the investigated system revealed that AgNO(3) was reduced by luminol to Ag in the presence of CoFe(2)O(4) NPs and the formed Ag covered the surface of CoFe(2)O(4) NPs, resulting in CoFe(2)O(4)-Ag core-shell nanoparticles. Investigation of the CL reaction kinetics demonstrated that the reaction among luminol, AgNO(3) and CoFe(2)O(4) NPs was fast at the beginning and slowed down later. The CL spectra of the luminol - AgNO(3) - CoFe(2)O(4) NPs system indicated that the luminophor was still an electronically excited 3-aminophthalate anion. A CL mechanism has been postulated. When the CoFe(2)O(4) NPs were injected into the mixture of luminol and AgNO(3), they catalyzed the reduction of AgNO(3) by luminol to produce luminol radicals and Ag, which immediately covered the CoFe(2)O(4) NPs to form CoFe(2)O(4)-Ag core-shell nanoparticles, and the luminol radicals reacted with the dissolved oxygen, leading to a strong CL emission. With the continuous deposition of Ag on the surface of CoFe(2)O(4) NPs, the catalytic activity of the core-shell nanoparticles was inhibited and a decrease in CL intensity was observed and also a slow growth of shell on the nanoparticles. PMID:21400653

Shi, Wenbing; Wang, Hui; Huang, Yuming

2011-01-01

235

Cadmium ferrite ionic magnetic fluid: Magnetic resonance investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to all magnetic resonance investigations previously performed using magnetic fluids (MFs) based on spinel ferrite nanoparticles, cadmium-ferrite-based MFs present an intense, relatively sharp resonance line near g=4, in addition to the typical, broad structure near g=2. The broad resonance structure is associated with larger cadmium-ferrite nanoparticles, whereas the sharp resonance line is associated with ultrasmall cadmium-ferrite nanoparticles. Transmission

O. Silva; E. C. D. Lima; P. C. Morais

2003-01-01

236

Cadmium ferrite ionic magnetic fluid: Magnetic resonance investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to all magnetic resonance investigations previously performed using magnetic fluids (MFs) based on spinel ferrite nanoparticles, cadmium–ferrite-based MFs present an intense, relatively sharp resonance line near g=4, in addition to the typical, broad structure near g=2. The broad resonance structure is associated with larger cadmium–ferrite nanoparticles, whereas the sharp resonance line is associated with ultrasmall cadmium–ferrite nanoparticles. Transmission

O. Silva; E. C. D. Lima; P. C. Morais

2003-01-01

237

?(3) measurement and optical power limiting behavior of manganese doped lithium tetraborate nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese doped Li2B4O7 nano crystallites were prepared by chemical method and characterized by XRD, FTIR, UV and fluorescence spectra. FESEM reveals that the particles are coagulated and the particle size is in the range of 50-107 nm. Bands appear at 682-769 cm-1corresponds to the bending of B-O linkage in borate network. Nonradiative energy transfer process is observed from fluorescence spectrum. UV-Vis studies show the samples are completely transparent in the visible region and having absorption peaks (234 and 276 nm) in UV regime. The measured second harmonic generation values are 0.9 times KDP. The nonlinear optical parameters such as nonlinear refractive index, n2 (10-8 cm2/W), nonlinear absorption, ? (10-2 cm/W) and nonlinear optical susceptibility, ?(3) (10-5 esu) are estimated using a Nd:YAG laser (532 nm, 50 mW).

Mohandoss, R.; Dhanuskodi, S.; Vinitha, G.

2015-02-01

238

?(3) measurement and optical power limiting behavior of manganese doped lithium tetraborate nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Manganese doped Li2B4O7 nano crystallites were prepared by chemical method and characterized by XRD, FTIR, UV and fluorescence spectra. FESEM reveals that the particles are coagulated and the particle size is in the range of 50-107 nm. Bands appear at 682-769 cm(-1) corresponds to the bending of B-O linkage in borate network. Nonradiative energy transfer process is observed from fluorescence spectrum. UV-Vis studies show the samples are completely transparent in the visible region and having absorption peaks (234 and 276 nm) in UV regime. The measured second harmonic generation values are 0.9 times KDP. The nonlinear optical parameters such as nonlinear refractive index, n2 (10(-8) cm(2)/W), nonlinear absorption, ? (10(-2) cm/W) and nonlinear optical susceptibility, ?(3) (10(-5) esu) are estimated using a Nd:YAG laser (532 nm, 50 mW). PMID:25459619

Mohandoss, R; Dhanuskodi, S; Vinitha, G

2015-02-01

239

Understanding the role of gold nanoparticles in enhancing the catalytic activity of manganese oxides in water oxidation reactions.  

PubMed

The Earth-abundant and inexpensive manganese oxides (MnOx ) have emerged as an intriguing type of catalysts for the water oxidation reaction. However, the overall turnover frequencies of MnOx catalysts are still much lower than that of nanostructured IrO2 and RuO2 catalysts. Herein, we demonstrate that doping MnOx polymorphs with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can result in a strong enhancement of catalytic activity for the water oxidation reaction. It is observed that, for the first time, the catalytic activity of MnOx /AuNPs catalysts correlates strongly with the initial valence of the Mn centers. By promoting the formation of Mn(3+) species, a small amount of AuNPs (<5?%) in ?-MnO2 /AuNP catalysts significantly improved the catalytic activity up to 8.2 times in the photochemical and 6 times in the electrochemical system, compared with the activity of pure ?-MnO2 . PMID:25284796

Kuo, Chung-Hao; Li, Weikun; Pahalagedara, Lakshitha; El-Sawy, Abdelhamid M; Kriz, David; Genz, Nina; Guild, Curtis; Ressler, Thorsten; Suib, Steven L; He, Jie

2015-02-16

240

Synergistic effect of manganese oxide nanoparticles and graphene nanosheets in composite anodes for lithium ion batteries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A graphene-Mn3O4-graphene (GMG) sandwich structure with homogeneous anchoring of Mn3O4 nanoparticles among flexible and conductive graphene nanosheets (GSs) is achieved through dispersion of the GSs in Mn(NO3)2 solution and subsequent calcination. Mn3O4 nanoparticles are 50 ? 200 nm clusters consisting of 10 ? 20 nm primary particles, and serve as spacers to prevent the re-stacking of the GSs. GSs provide a highly conductive network among Mn3O4 nanoparticles for efficient electron transfer and buffer any volume change during cycling. Due to the strong synergistic effect between Mn3O4 and GSs, the capacity contributions from GSs and Mn3O4 in GMG are much larger than capacities of pure GSs and Mn3O4. Consequently, the GMG composite electrodes show excellent electrochemical properties for lithium ion battery applications, demonstrating a large reversible capacity of 750 mAh g?1 at 0.1 C based on the mass of GMG with no capacity fading after 100 cycles, and high rate abilities of 500 mAh g?1 at 5 C and 380 mAh g?1 at 10 C.

Luo, Shu; Yu, Yang; Li, Mengya; Wu, Hengcai; Zhao, Fei; Jiang, Kaili; Wang, Jiaping; Kang, Feiyu; Fan, Shoushan

2015-01-01

241

Mineral of the month: manganese  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Manganese is one of the most important ferrous metals and one of the few for which the United States is totally dependent on imports. It is a black, brittle element predominantly used in metallurgical applications as an alloying addition, particularly in steel and cast iron production, which together provide the largest market for manganese (about 83 percent). It is also used as an alloy with nonferrous metals such as aluminum and copper. Nonmetallurgical applications of manganese include battery cathodes, soft ferrite magnets used in electronics, micronutrients found in fertilizers and animal feed, water treatment chemicals, and a colorant for bricks and ceramics.

Corathers, Lisa

2005-01-01

242

Photocatalytic activities of multiferroic bismuth ferrite nanoparticles prepared by glycol-based sol–gel process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The uniform multiferroic BiFeO3 nanoparticles with fairly narrow particle size distribution have been successfully synthesized by a simple glycol-based sol–gel\\u000a route at relatively low temperature. The thus-prepared powders were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), thermogravimetric\\u000a and differential thermal analysis (DTA\\/TG), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Rapid sintering and subsequently quenching\\u000a to room temperature are the two vital important factors for

X. WangY; Y. Lin; Z. C. Zhang; J. Y. Bian

243

Magnetization of sol gel prepared zinc ferrite nanoparticles: Effects of inversion and particle size  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanoparticles of ZnFe 2O 4 have been prepared by using sol-gel method in two different mediums (acidic and basic) in order to observe the influence of the medium on the magnetic properties of the obtained nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer studies of these samples show the presence of single-phase spinel structure. The average size of the particles as determined by X-ray diffraction increases with the annealing temperature from 18 to 52 nm. With the increase in particle size, magnetization decreases while the magnetization blocking temperature increases. Magnetization studies show that the samples prepared in basic medium have more ferrimagnetic nature as compared to those prepared in acidic medium. We understand this increase in magnetization as reflective of the increased degree of inversion (transfer of Fe 3+ ions from octahedral to tetrahedral sites) in the particles of smaller size unit cells. From lattice parameter calculations on different particles it is determined that inversion is more favorable in the particles prepared in a basic medium than in the acidic medium due to the smaller cell size in the former.

Atif, M.; Hasanain, S. K.; Nadeem, M.

2006-05-01

244

Biodiesel Synthesis Catalyzed by Transition Metal Oxides: Ferric-Manganese Doped Tungstated/ Molybdena Nanoparticle Catalyst.  

PubMed

The solid acid Ferric-manganese doped tungstated/molybdena nananoparticle catalyst was prepared via impregnation reaction followed by calcination at 600? for 3 h. The characterization was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), temperature programmed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Brunner-Emmett-Teller surface area measurement (BET). Moreover, dependence of biodiesel yield on the reaction variables such as the reaction temperature, catalyst loading, as well as molar ratio of methanol/oil and reusability were also appraised. The catalyst was reused six times without any loss in activity with maximum yield of 92.3% ±1.12 achieved in the optimized conditions of reaction temperature of 200?; stirring speed of 600 rpm, 1:25 molar ratio of oil to alcohol, 6 % w/w catalyst loading as well as 8 h as time of the reaction. The fuel properties of WCOME's were evaluated, including the density, kinematic viscosity, pour point, cloud point and flash point whereas all properties were compared with the limits in the ASTM D6751 standard. PMID:25492234

Alhassan, Fatah Hamid; Rashid, Umer; Taufiq-Yap, Yun Hin

2014-12-10

245

Iron(III) and manganese(II) substituted hydroxyapatite nanoparticles: Characterization and cytotoxicity analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Calcium hydroxyapatite (HA) is the main inorganic component of natural bones and can bond to bone directly in vivo. Thus HA is widely used as coating material on bone implants due to its good osteoconductivity and osteoinductivity. Metal ions doped HA have been used as catalyst or absorbents since the ion exchange method has introduced new properties in HA which are inherent to the metal ions. For example, Mn2+ ions have the potential to increase cell adhesion while Fe3+ ions have magnetic properties. Here, Fe(III) substituted hydroxyapatite (Fe-HA) and Mn(II) substituted hydroxyapatite (Mn-HA) were produced by wet chemical method coupled with ion exchange mechanism. Compared with pure HA, the colour of both Fe-HA and Mn-HA nanoparticles changed from white to brown and pink respectively. The intensity of the colours increased with increasing substitution concentrations. XRD patterns showed that all samples were single phased HA while the FTIR spectra revealed all samples possessed the characteristic phosphate and hydroxyl adsorption bands of HA. However, undesired adsorption bands of carbonate substitution (B-type carbonated HA) and H2O were also detected, which was reasonable since the wet chemical method was used in the synthesis of these nanoparticles. FESEM images showed all samples were elongated spheroids with small size distribution and of around 70 nm, regardless of metal ion substitution concentrations. EDX spectra showed the presence of Fe and Mn and ICP-AES results revealed all metal ion substituted HA were non-stoichiometric (Ca/P atomic ratio deviates from 1.67). Fe-HA nanoparticles were paramagnetic and the magnetic susceptibility increased with the increase of Fe content. Based on the extraction assay for cytotoxicity test, both Fe-HA and Mn-HA displayed non-cytotoxicity to osteoblast.

Li, Yan; Teck Nam, Chai; Ooi, Chui Ping

2009-09-01

246

Evaluation of iron-cobalt/ferrite core-shell nanoparticles for cancer thermotherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) offer promise for local hyperthermia or thermoablative cancer therapy. Magnetic hyperthermia uses MNPs to heat cancerous regions in an rf field. Metallic MNPs have larger magnetic moments than iron oxides, allowing similar heating at lower concentrations. By tuning the magnetic anisotropy in alloys, the heating rate at a particular particle size can be optimized. Fe-Co core-shell MNPs have protective CoFe2O4 shell which prevents oxidation. The oxide coating also aids in functionalization and improves biocompatibility of the MNPs. We predict the specific loss power (SLP) for FeCo (SLP ˜450W /g) at biocompatible fields to be significantly larger in comparision to oxide materials. The anisotropy of Fe-Co MNPs may be tuned by composition and/or shape variation to achieve the maximum SLP at a desired particle size.

Habib, A. H.; Ondeck, C. L.; Chaudhary, P.; Bockstaller, M. R.; McHenry, M. E.

2008-04-01

247

Plasmonically enhanced Faraday effect in metal and ferrite nanoparticles composite precipitated inside glass.  

PubMed

Using femtosecond laser irradiation and subsequent annealing, nanocomposite structures composed of spinel-type ferrimagnetic nanoparticles (NPs) and plasmonic metallic NPs have been formed space-selectively within glass doped with both ?-Fe(2)O(3) and Al. The Faraday rotation spectra exhibit a distinct negative peak at around 400 nm, suggesting that the ferrimagnetic Faraday response is enhanced by the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) due to metallic Al NPs. At the interfaces in the nanocomposites, the ferrimagnetism of magnetite NPs is directly coupled with the plasmon in the Al NPs. The control of the resonance wavelength of the magneto-optical peaks, namely, the size of plasmonic NPs has been demonstrated by changing the irradiation or annealing conditions. PMID:23263053

Nakashima, Seisuke; Sugioka, Koji; Tanaka, Katsuhisa; Shimizu, Masahiro; Shimotsuma, Yasuhiko; Miura, Kiyotaka; Midorikawa, Katsumi; Mukai, Kohki

2012-12-17

248

Artificial Neural Network Modelling of Photodegradation in Suspension of Manganese Doped Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles under Visible-Light Irradiation  

PubMed Central

The artificial neural network (ANN) modeling of m-cresol photodegradation was carried out for determination of the optimum and importance values of the effective variables to achieve the maximum efficiency. The photodegradation was carried out in the suspension of synthesized manganese doped ZnO nanoparticles under visible-light irradiation. The input considered effective variables of the photodegradation were irradiation time, pH, photocatalyst amount, and concentration of m-cresol while the efficiency was the only response as output. The performed experiments were designed into three data sets such as training, testing, and validation that were randomly splitted by the software's option. To obtain the optimum topologies, ANN was trained by quick propagation (QP), Incremental Back Propagation (IBP), Batch Back Propagation (BBP), and Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) algorithms for testing data set. The topologies were determined by the indicator of minimized root mean squared error (RMSE) for each algorithm. According to the indicator, the QP-4-8-1, IBP-4-15-1, BBP-4-6-1, and LM-4-10-1 were selected as the optimized topologies. Among the topologies, QP-4-8-1 has presented the minimum RMSE and absolute average deviation as well as maximum R-squared. Therefore, QP-4-8-1 was selected as final model for validation test and navigation of the process. The model was used for determination of the optimum values of the effective variables by a few three-dimensional plots. The optimum points of the variables were confirmed by further validated experiments. Moreover, the model predicted the relative importance of the variables which showed none of them was neglectable in this work. PMID:25538962

Abdollahi, Yadollah; Sairi, Nor Asrina; Amin Matori, Khamirul; Fard Masoumi, Hamid Reza

2014-01-01

249

Effect of Ferritic Density and Zinc on Magnetic Properties of Cobalt Ferrite Nanocomposites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cobalt ferrite nanocomposite was investigated for RF applications. Magnetic nanocomposites were fabricated at different ferritic densities. Cobalt zinc ferrite nanocomposite was also prepared to study the effect of zinc. The size of magnetic nanoparticle was measured by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), while its crystalline structure was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Toroidal sample was made by compact method. The density

Hai Dong; A. Meininger; Kyoung-Sik Moon; L. Martin; C. P. Wong

2006-01-01

250

Visualization of internalization of functionalized cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and their intracellular fate  

PubMed Central

In recent years, nanoparticles (NPs) and related applications have become an intensive area of research, especially in the biotechnological and biomedical fields, with magnetic NPs being one of the promising tools for tumor treatment and as MRI-contrast enhancers. Several internalization and cytotoxicity studies have been performed, but there are still many unanswered questions concerning NP interactions with cells and NP stability. In this study, we prepared functionalized magnetic NPs coated with polyacrylic acid, which were stable in physiological conditions and which were also nontoxic short-term. Using fluorescence, scanning, and transmission electron microscopy, we were able to observe and determine the internalization pathways of polyacrylic acid–coated NPs in Chinese hamster ovary cells. With scanning electron microscopy we captured what might be the first step of NPs internalization – an endocytic vesicle in the process of formation enclosing NPs bound to the membrane. With fluorescence microscopy we observed that NP aggregates were rapidly internalized, in a time-dependent manner, via macropinocytosis and clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Inside the cytoplasm, aggregated NPs were found enclosed in acidified vesicles accumulated in the perinuclear region 1 hour after exposure, where they stayed for up to 24 hours. High intracellular loading of NPs in the Chinese hamster ovary cells was obtained after 24 hours, with no observable toxic effects. Thus polyacrylic acid–coated NPs have potential for use in biotechnological and biomedical applications. PMID:23486857

Bregar, Vladimir B; Lojk, Jasna; Šuštar, Vid; Verani?, Peter; Pavlin, Mojca

2013-01-01

251

Visualization of internalization of functionalized cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and their intracellular fate.  

PubMed

In recent years, nanoparticles (NPs) and related applications have become an intensive area of research, especially in the biotechnological and biomedical fields, with magnetic NPs being one of the promising tools for tumor treatment and as MRI-contrast enhancers. Several internalization and cytotoxicity studies have been performed, but there are still many unanswered questions concerning NP interactions with cells and NP stability. In this study, we prepared functionalized magnetic NPs coated with polyacrylic acid, which were stable in physiological conditions and which were also nontoxic short-term. Using fluorescence, scanning, and transmission electron microscopy, we were able to observe and determine the internalization pathways of polyacrylic acid-coated NPs in Chinese hamster ovary cells. With scanning electron microscopy we captured what might be the first step of NPs internalization - an endocytic vesicle in the process of formation enclosing NPs bound to the membrane. With fluorescence microscopy we observed that NP aggregates were rapidly internalized, in a time-dependent manner, via macropinocytosis and clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Inside the cytoplasm, aggregated NPs were found enclosed in acidified vesicles accumulated in the perinuclear region 1 hour after exposure, where they stayed for up to 24 hours. High intracellular loading of NPs in the Chinese hamster ovary cells was obtained after 24 hours, with no observable toxic effects. Thus polyacrylic acid-coated NPs have potential for use in biotechnological and biomedical applications. PMID:23486857

Bregar, Vladimir B; Lojk, Jasna; Suštar, Vid; Verani?, Peter; Pavlin, Mojca

2013-01-01

252

Effects of pH and citric acid content on the structure and magnetic properties of MnZn ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by a sol-gel autocombustion method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MnZn ferrite nanoparticles have been synthesized by a sol-gel autocombustion technique with different pHs of 0, 5 and 7 and different citric acid to metal nitrate (CA/MN) molar ratios of 0.25, 0.5 and 1. The crystallite size, microstructure and magnetic properties were studied using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry methods. The results showed that the single phase MnZn ferrite could be achieved directly without any post-calcination using pH of 7 and CA/MN molar ratio of 0.5. MnZn ferrite nanoparticles prepared by pH=7 and CA/MN=0.5 with the crystallite size of 39 nm exhibited saturation magnetization of 20.9 emu/g and coercivity of 44 Oe.

Seyyed Ebrahimi, S. A.; Masoudpanah, S. M.

2014-05-01

253

Characterization, activity and mechanisms of a visible light driven photocatalyst: Manganese and iron co-modified TiO2 nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An attempt was made to prepare Mn,Fe-codoped nanostructured TiO2 photocatalyst for visible light assisted degradation of an azo dye (methylene blue) in aqueous solutions by a sol-gel process. The asprepared nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and photoluminescence spectra (PL) techniques. The photocatalytic activity of Mn,Fe-codoped TiO2 catalyst was evaluated by measuring degradation rates of methylene blue (MB) under visible light. The results showed that doping with the manganese and iron ions significantly enhanced the photocatalytic activity for MB degradation under visible light irradiation. This was ascribed to the fact that a small amount of manganese and iron dopants simultaneously increased MB adsorption capacity and separation efficiency of electron-hole pairs. The results of DRS showed that Mn,Fe-codoped TiO2 had significant absorption between 400 and 500 nm, which increased with the increase of manganese ion content. It is found that the stronger the PL intensity, the higher the photocatalytic activity. This could be explained by the points that PL spectra mainly resulted from surface oxygen vacancies and defects during the process of PL, while surface oxygen vacancies and defects could be favorable in capturing the photoinduced electrons during the process of photocatalytic reactions, so that the recombination of photoinduced electrons and holes could be effectively inhibited.

Zhang, Dongfang; Zeng, Fanbin

2011-10-01

254

Ultrahigh relaxivity and safe probes of manganese oxide nanoparticles for in vivo imaging  

PubMed Central

Mn-based nanoparticles (NPs) have emerged as new class of probes for magnetic resonance imaging due to the impressive contrast ability. However, the reported Mn-based NPs possess low relaxivity and there are no immunotoxicity data regarding Mn-based NPs as contrast agents. Here, we demonstrate the ultrahigh relaxivity of water protons of 8.26?mM?1s?1 from the Mn3O4 NPs synthesized by a simple and green technique, which is twice higher than that of commercial gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agents (4.11?mM?1s?1) and the highest value reported to date for Mn-based NPs. We for the first time demonstrate these Mn3O4 NPs biocompatibilities both in vitro and in vivo are satisfactory based on systematical studies of the intrinsic toxicity including cell viability of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells, normal nasopharyngeal epithelium, apoptosis in cells and in vivo immunotoxicity. These findings pave the way for the practical clinical diagnosis of Mn based NPs as safe probes for in vivo imaging. PMID:24305731

Xiao, J.; Tian, X. M.; Yang, C.; Liu, P.; Luo, N. Q.; Liang, Y.; Li, H. B.; Chen, D. H.; Wang, C. X.; Li, L.; Yang, G. W.

2013-01-01

255

Mesoporous Silica-Coated Hollow Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles as Positive T1 Contrast Agents for Labeling and MRI Tracking of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells  

PubMed Central

Mesoporous silica-coated hollow manganese oxide (HMnO@mSiO2) nanoparticles were developed as a novel T1 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. We hypothesized that the mesoporous structure of the nanoparticle shell enables optimal access of water molecules to the magnetic core, and consequently, an effective longitudinal (R1) relaxation enhancement of water protons, which value was measured to be 0.99 (mM?1s?1) at 11.7 T. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were efficiently labeled using electroporation, with much shorter T1 values as compared to direct incubation without electroporation, which was also evidenced by signal enhancement on T1-weighted MR images in vitro. Intracranial grafting of HMnO@mSiO2-labeled MSCs enabled serial MR monitoring of cell transplants over 14 days. These novel nanoparticles may extend the arsenal of currently available nanoparticle MR contrast agents by providing positive contrast on T1-weighted images at high magnetic field strengths. PMID:21314118

2011-01-01

256

Magnetic properties of Co1-xZnxFe2O4 spinel ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by starch-assisted sol-gel autocombustion method and its ball milling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, Co1-xZnxFe2O4 (x=0.0 and 0.5) spinel ferrite nanoparticles were achieved at 800 °C by starch-assisted sol-gel autocombustion method. To further reduce the particle size, these synthesized ferrite nanoparticles were ball-milled for 2 h. X-ray diffraction patterns demonstrated single phase formation of Co1-xZnxFe2O4 (x=0.0 and 0.5) spinel ferrite nanoparticles. FE-SEM analysis indicated the nanosized spherical particles formation with spherical morphology. The change in Raman modes and relative intensity were observed due to ball milling and consequently decrease of particle size and cationic redistribution. An X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) result indicated that Co2+, Zn2+ and Fe3+ exist in octahedral and tetrahedral sites. The cationic redistribution of Zn2+ and consequently Fe3+ occurred between octahedral and tetrahedral sites after ball-milling. The change in saturation magnetization (Ms) and coercivity (Hc) with decrease of nanocrystalline size and distribution of cations in spinel ferrite were observed.

Yadav, Raghvendra Singh; Havlica, Jaromir; Hnatko, Miroslav; Šajgalík, Pavol; Alexander, Cigá?; Palou, Martin; Bartoní?ková, Eva; Bohá?, Martin; Frajkorová, Františka; Masilko, Jiri; Zmrzlý, Martin; Kalina, Lukas; Hajdúchová, Miroslava; Enev, Vojt?ch

2015-03-01

257

Interrogation of CoxZnyNizFe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles for insight into specific power loss for medical hyperthermia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have shown to be viable candidates as heat sources for magnetic hyperthermia under an alternating magnetic field. The present work investigates heating characteristics of sol-gel processed ferro-magnetic CoxZnyNizFe2O4 (ferrite) nanoparticles with different magnetic properties. The nanoparticles were irradiated by a radio-frequency magnetic field through a 5-turns coil using a 1.2 kW heating system with variable frequency in the 295-315 kHz range and a maximum current output of 100 A. Higher specific power losses were measured for nanoparticles that had lower coercivities. The advantage of having a high specific power loss for clinical applications is that a minute amount of nanoparticle has to be introduced in the body to adequately destroy malignant tumor cells.[4pt] |c|c|c|c|c|c| Name & Grain Size & Mr & Ms & Hc & SPL100A&(nm) & (emu/g) & (emu/g) & (Oe) & (W/g^2)Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 & 48.7 & 2.85 & 47.5 & 42.2 & 84 ± 2Co0.4Ni0.4Zn0.2Fe2O4 & 46 & 3.29 & 26.2 & 75.3 & 28 ± 3NiFe2O4 & 42.9 & 3.47 & 14.8 & 146 & 17.0 ± 0.5CoFe2O4 & 34.5 & 7.01 & 22.2 & 626 & 0.64 ± 0.05

Jagoo, Zafrullah; Kozlowski, Gregory; Turgut, Zafer; Rebrov, Evgeny

2012-04-01

258

Nanoparticles of Molybdenum Chlorophyllin Photosensitizer and Magnetic Citrate-Coated Cobalt Ferrite Complex Available to Hyperthermia and Photodynamic Therapy Clinical Trials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study report on the synthesis and characterization of molybdenum chlorophyllin (Mo-Chl) compounds associated in a complex with magnetic nanoparticles (citrate-coated cobalt ferrite), the latter prepared as a biocompatible magnetic fluid (MF). The complex material was developed for application as a synergic drug for cancer treatment using Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) and Hyperthermia (HPT). Chlorophyllin was obtained from alkaline extraction of Ilex paraguariensis following molybdenum insertion from hydrolysis with molybdate sodium. Fluorescence quantum yield (?f) of Mo-Chl/dimethyl-sulphoxide (DMSO) was lower than 0.1, with a lifetime of 5.0 ns, as obtained from time-correlated single-photon counting technique. The oxygen quantum yield of Mo-Chl was carried out using laser flash-photolysis studies in homogeneous medium saturated with O2(g) (?? = 0.50). Cellular viability was also evaluated via the classical MTT assay using gingival fibroblasts cells as a biological model. Studies performed with the complex Mo-Chl (5.0 ?mol.L-1)/MF at different magnetic nanoparticle concentrations (ranging from 1012 to 1015 particle.mL-1) revealed a cellular viability of approximately 95% for the ideal magnetic material concentration of 1×10 particle.mL-1. The present study shows that natural photosensitizers molecules Mo-Chl used in association with magnetic nanoparticles represent a promising generation of drug developed to work synergistically in the treatment of neoplastic tissues using PDT and HPT.

Primo, Fernando L.; Cordo, Paloma L. A. G.; Neto, Alberto F.; Morais, Paulo C.; Tedesco, Antonio C.

2010-12-01

259

Control of Particle Size and Morphology of Cobalt-Ferrite Nanoparticles by Salt-Matrix during Annealing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Salt-matrix annealing of mechanically alloyed Co-ferrite nanopowder was used to modify its particle size and morphology. Efficiency improvement due to suppression of sintering and growth resulted in reduction of average particle size from 100nm for salt-less to 40nm for salt-full annealing procedure. Nanosized single-phase cobalt-ferrite particles were observed after 2h annealing at 750°C in the samples milled for 20 hours both with and without NaCl. NaCl:CoFe2O4 ratio of 10:1 resulted in cabbage-like clusters containing particles smaller than 50 nm.

Azizi, A.; Sadrnezhaad, S. K.; Mostafavi, M.

260

Structural, electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties of rare-earth substituted cobalt ferrites nanoparticles synthesized by the co-precipitation method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pure nanoparticles of the rare-earth substituted cobalt ferrites CoRExFe2-xO4 (where RE=Nd, Sm and Gd and x=0.1 and 0.2) were prepared by the chemical co-precipitation method. X-ray diffraction, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), d.c. electrical conductivity, Magnetic hysteresis and Thermal analysis are utilized in order to study the effect of variation in the rare-earth substitution and its impact on particle size, magnetic properties like MS, HC and Curie temperature. The phase identification of the materials by X-ray diffraction reveals the single-phase nature of the materials. The lattice parameter increased with rare-earth content for x?0.2. The Transmission electron micrographs of Nd-, Sm- and Gd-substituted CoFe2O4 exhibit the particle size 36.1 to 67.8 nm ranges. The data of temperature variation of the direct current electrical conductivity showed definite breaks, which corresponds to ferrimagnetic to paramagnetic transitions. The thermoelectric power for all compound are positive over the whole range of temperature. The dielectric constant decreases with frequency and rare-earth content for the prepared samples. The magnetic properties of rare-earth substituted cobalt ferrites showed a definite hysteresis loop at room temperature. The reduction of coercive force, saturation magnetization, ratio MR/MS and magnetic moments may be due to dilution of the magnetic interaction.

Nikumbh, A. K.; Pawar, R. A.; Nighot, D. V.; Gugale, G. S.; Sangale, M. D.; Khanvilkar, M. B.; Nagawade, A. V.

2014-04-01

261

Study of structure and magnetic properties of Ni-Zn ferrite nano-particles synthesized via co-precipitation and reverse micro-emulsion technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nano-crystalline Ni-Zn ferrites were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation and reverse micro-emulsion technique with an average crystallite size of 11 and 6 nm, respectively. The reverse micro-emulsion method has been found to be more appropriate for nano-ferrite synthesis as the produced particles are monodisperse and highly crystalline. Zero-field cooled and field cooled magnetization study under different magnetic fields and magnetic hysteresis loops at different temperatures have been performed. The non-saturated M-H loops, absence of hysteresis, and coercivity at room temperature are indicative of the presence of super paramagnetic and single-domain nano-particles for both the materials. In sample `a', the blocking temperature ( T B) has been observed to decrease from 255 to 120 K on increasing the magnetic field from 50 to 1,000 Oe, which can be attributed to the reduction of magneto crystalline anisotropy constant. The M S and coercivity were found to be higher for sample `a' as compared with sample `b' since surface effects are neglected on increasing the crystallite size.

Abdullah Dar, M.; Shah, Jyoti; Siddiqui, W. A.; Kotnala, R. K.

2014-08-01

262

Synthesis of cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles using combustion, coprecipitation, and precipitation methods: A comparison study of size, structural, and magnetic properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work the cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles are synthesized using three different methods; combustion, coprecipitation, and precipitation. Size, structural, and magnetic properties were determined and compared using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). XRD data analysis showed an average size of 69.5 nm for combustion, 49.5 nm for coprecipitation, and 34.7 nm for precipitation samples which concorded with SEM images. XRD data further revealed a reverse cubic spinel structure with the space group Fd-3m in all three samples. VSM data of samples showed a saturation point in the magnetic field of less than 15 kOe. Magnetization saturation (Ms) was 56.7 emu/g for combustion synthestized samples, 55.8 emu/g for coprecipitation samples, and 47.2 emu/g for precipitation samples. Coercivity (Hc) was 2002 Oe for combustion synthestized samples, 850 Oe for coprecipitation samples, and 233 Oe for precipitation samples. These results show that various methods of nanoparticle synthesis can lead to different particle sizes and magnetic properties. Hc and Ms are greatest in the combustion method and least in precipitation method.

Houshiar, Mahboubeh; Zebhi, Fatemeh; Razi, Zahra Jafari; Alidoust, Ali; Askari, Zohreh

2014-12-01

263

Hot coal gas desulfurization with manganese-based sorbents  

SciTech Connect

The focus of work being performed on Hot Coal Gas Desulfurization at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center is primarily in the use of zinc ferrite and zinc titanate sorbents; however, prior studies indicated that an alternate sorbent, manganese dioxide-containing ore in mixture with alumina (75 wt % ore + 25 wt % Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) may be a viable alternative to zinc-based sorbents. Manganese, for example, has a lower vapor pressure in the elemental state than zinc hence it is not as likely to undergo depletion from the sorbent surface upon loading and regeneration cycles. Also manganese oxide is less readily reduced to the elemental state than iron hence the range of reduction potentials for oxygen is somewhat greater than for zinc ferrite. In addition, thermodynamic analysis of the manganese-oxygen-sulfur system shows it to be less amenable to sulfation than zinc ferrite. Potential also exists for utilization of manganese at higher temperatures than zinc ferrite or zinc titanate. This annual topical report documents progress in pelletizing and testing via thermo-gravimetric analysis of individual pellet formulations of manganese ore/alumina combinations and also manganese carbonate/alumina with two binders, dextrin and bentonite.

Hepworth, M.T.; Ben-Slimane, R.

1994-12-01

264

Enhancement of electrical properties due to Cr3+ substitution in Co-ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by two chemical techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanocrystalline cobalt ferrites with nominal composition CoCrxFe2-xO4 ranging from x=0.0 to 0.5 with step increment of 0.25 were prepared by sol-gel auto combustion and chemical co-precipitation techniques. A comparative study of structural, electrical and magnetic properties of these ferrites has been measured using different characterization techniques. Structural and micro-structural studies were measured using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Crystallite sizes of the series are within the range of 12-29±2 nm. Lattice parameters decrease by increasing Cr3+ concentration. FTIR confirms the presence of two lattice absorption bands. DC electrical resistivity increases to a value of ˜1010 ?-cm with increase in Cr3+ concentration, but the most significant increase is in samples prepared by sol-gel combustion. Dielectric properties have been measured as a function of frequency at room temperature. Dielectric loss decreases to 0.1037 and 0.0108 at 5 MHz for chemical co-precipitation and sol-gel combustion, respectively. Impedance measurements further helped in analyzing the electrical properties and to separate the grain and grain boundary resistance effects using a complex impedance analysis. Magnetic parameters were studied using a vibrating sample magnetometer in the applied field of 10 kOe. The saturation magnetization decreased from 63 to 10.8 emu/gm with increase in Cr3+ concentration.

Pervaiz, Erum; Gul, I. H.

2012-11-01

265

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 17, NO. 4, JULY 2002 453 A Static Hysteresis Model for Power Ferrites  

E-print Network

for Power Ferrites Paiboon Nakmahachalasint, Student Member, IEEE, Khai D. T. Ngo, Senior Member, IEEE manganese­zinc (MnZn) ferrites. The procedures to extract the model parameters from voltage and current and minor hysteresis loops of three commercial power ferrites. Index Terms--Domain-wall, hysteresis modeling

Vu-Quoc, Loc

266

Copper(0) nanoparticles supported on silica-coated cobalt ferrite magnetic particles: cost effective catalyst in the hydrolysis of ammonia-borane with an exceptional reusability performance.  

PubMed

Herein we report the development of a new and cost-effective nanocomposite catalyst for the hydrolysis of ammonia-borane (NH(3)BH(3)), which is considered to be one of the most promising solid hydrogen carriers because of its high gravimetric hydrogen storage capacity (19.6% wt) and low molecular weight. The new catalyst system consisting of copper nanoparticles supported on magnetic SiO(2)/CoFe(2)O(4) particles was reproducibly prepared by wet-impregnation of Cu(II) ions on SiO(2)/CoFe(2)O(4) followed by in situ reduction of the Cu(II) ions on the surface of magnetic support during the hydrolysis of NH(3)BH(3) and characterized by ICP-MS, XRD, XPS, TEM, HR-TEM and N(2) adsorption-desorption technique. Copper nanoparticles supported on silica coated cobalt(II) ferrite SiO(2)/CoFe(2)O(4) (CuNPs@SCF) act as highly active catalyst in the hydrolysis of ammonia-borane, providing an initial turnover frequency of TOF = 2400 h(-1) at room temperature, which is not only higher than all the non-noble metal catalysts but also higher than the majority of the noble metal based homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts employed in the same reaction. More importantly, they were easily recovered by using a permanent magnet in the reactor wall and reused for up to 10 recycles without losing their inherent catalytic activity significantly, which demonstrates the exceptional reusability of the CuNPs@SCF catalyst. PMID:22856878

Kaya, Murat; Zahmakiran, Mehmet; Ozkar, Saim; Volkan, Mürvet

2012-08-01

267

Structural, optical, and magnetic studies of manganese-doped zinc oxide hierarchical microspheres by self-assembly of nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a series of manganese [Mn]-doped zinc oxide [ZnO] hierarchical microspheres [HMSs] are prepared by hydrothermal method only using zinc acetate and manganese acetate as precursors and ethylene glycol as solvent. X-ray diffraction indicates that all of the as-obtained samples including the highest Mn (7 mol%) in the crystal lattice of ZnO have a pure phase (hexagonal wurtzite structure). A broad Raman spectrum from as-synthesized doping samples ranges from 500 to 600 cm-1, revealing the successful doping of paramagnetic Mn2+ ions in the host ZnO. Optical absorption analysis of the samples exhibits a blueshift in the absorption band edge with increasing dopant concentration, and corresponding photoluminescence spectra show that Mn doping suppresses both near-band edge UV emission and defect-related blue emission. In particular, magnetic measurements confirm robust room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior with a high Curie temperature exceeding 400 K, signifying that the as-formed Mn-doped ZnO HMSs will have immense potential in spintronic devices and spin-based electronic technologies.

Hao, Yao-Ming; Lou, Shi-Yun; Zhou, Shao-Min; Yuan, Rui-Jian; Zhu, Gong-Yu; Li, Ning

2012-02-01

268

Structural, optical, and magnetic studies of manganese-doped zinc oxide hierarchical microspheres by self-assembly of nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

In this study, a series of manganese [Mn]-doped zinc oxide [ZnO] hierarchical microspheres [HMSs] are prepared by hydrothermal method only using zinc acetate and manganese acetate as precursors and ethylene glycol as solvent. X-ray diffraction indicates that all of the as-obtained samples including the highest Mn (7 mol%) in the crystal lattice of ZnO have a pure phase (hexagonal wurtzite structure). A broad Raman spectrum from as-synthesized doping samples ranges from 500 to 600 cm-1, revealing the successful doping of paramagnetic Mn2+ ions in the host ZnO. Optical absorption analysis of the samples exhibits a blueshift in the absorption band edge with increasing dopant concentration, and corresponding photoluminescence spectra show that Mn doping suppresses both near-band edge UV emission and defect-related blue emission. In particular, magnetic measurements confirm robust room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior with a high Curie temperature exceeding 400 K, signifying that the as-formed Mn-doped ZnO HMSs will have immense potential in spintronic devices and spin-based electronic technologies. PMID:22296968

2012-01-01

269

Synthesis and investigation of magnetic properties of substituted ferrite nanoparticles of spinel system Mn 1-xZn x[Fe 2-yL y]O 4  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Superparamagnetic nanoparticles of the spinel ferrite four-element system Mn 1-xZn x[Fe 2-yL y]O 4 (where L:Gd 3+, La 3+, Ce 3+, Eu 3+, Dy 3+, Er 3+,Yb 3+) were synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The magnetic moments of the 10 nm diameter nanoparticles were comparable to the ones of Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles. A comparatively low TC (˜52-72 °C) was observed for some of the compositions. The heating mechanism of the superparamagnetic particles in the AC magnetic field at radiofrequency range is discussed and especially the absence of the hysteresis loop in the M-H curve at room temperature. One possible explanation—spontaneous particle agglomeration—was experimentally verified.

Brusentsova, Tatiana N.; Kuznetsov, Viatcheslav D.

2007-04-01

270

Controlled oxidation of FeCo magnetic nanoparticles to produce faceted FeCo/ferrite nanocomposites for rf heating applications  

E-print Network

for rf heating applications K. N. Collier,1,2 N. J. Jones,1 K. J. Miller,1 Y. L. Qin,1 D. E. Laughlin,1 for polydisperse FeCo magnetic nanoparticles MNPs synthesized using an induction plasma torch. X-ray diffraction the FeCo core and oxide shell. We show HRTEM images of MNP chaining and compare the rf heating of samples

Laughlin, David E.

271

Enrichment of magnetic alignment stimulated by {gamma}-radiation in core-shell type nanoparticle Mn-Zn ferrite  

SciTech Connect

Core shell type nanoparticle Mn{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} systems with x=0.55, 0.65 and 0.75 were prepared using autocombustion method. The systems were characterized using tools like XRD and IR for structure confirmation. Magnetic parameter measurements like Saturation magnetization and coercivity were obtained from hysteresis loop which exhibited a symmetry shift due to core shell nature of the nanoparticles. Nanoparticles of particle size between 21.2nm to 25.7nm were found to show 20 percent shrinkage after being radiated by the {gamma}-radiation. This is due to variation in the cation distribution which also affects the cell volume of the cubic cell. Lattice constant reduction observed is reflected in the magnetic properties of the samples. A considerable hike in the saturation magnetization of the samples was observed due to enrichment of magnetic alignment in the magnetic core of the particles. Samples under investigation were irradiated with gamma radiation from Co{sup 60} source for different time intervals.

Naik, P. P.; Tangsali, R. B. [Department of Physics, Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa-403206 (India); Sonaye, B.; Sugur, S. [Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Goa (India)

2013-02-05

272

Structural, optical and photoconductivity characteristics of manganese doped cadmium sulfide nanoparticles synthesized by co-precipitation method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles (NPs) have been synthesized by co-precipitation method and effect of Mn concentration on the structural, photoluminescence and photoconductivity properties have been studied. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns show that the synthesized NPs have a cubical (zinc blende) phase. The clear lattice fringes in the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) image, and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns

Sheo K. Mishra; Rajneesh K. Srivastava; S. G. Prakash; Raghvendra S. Yadav; A. C. Panday

273

Nanoparticles and 3D sponge-like porous networks of manganese oxides and their microwave absorption properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hydrohausmannite nanoparticles (~10 nm) were prepared by the hydrothermal method at 100 °C for 72 h. Subsequent annealing was done in air at 400 °C and 800 °C for 10 h, Mn3O4 nanoparticles (~25 nm) and 3D Mn2O3 porous networks were obtained, respectively. The products were characterized by XRD, TEM, SAED and FESEM. Time-dependent experiments were carried out to exhibit the formation process of the Mn2O3 networks. Their microwave absorption properties were investigated by mixing the product and paraffin wax with 50 vol%. The Mn3O4 nanoparticles possess excellent microwave absorbing properties with the minimum reflection loss of -27.1 dB at 3.1 GHz. In contrast, the Mn2O3 networks show the weakest absorption of all samples. The absorption becomes weaker with the annealing time increasing at 800 °C. The attenuation of microwave can be attributed to dielectric loss and their absorption mechanism was discussed in detail. Corrections were made to figure 9 of this article on 17 February 2009. The corrected electronic version is identical to the print version.

Yan, D.; Cheng, S.; Zhuo, R. F.; Chen, J. T.; Feng, J. J.; Feng, H. T.; Li, H. J.; Wu, Z. G.; Wang, J.; Yan, P. X.

2009-03-01

274

MANGANESE IN NARRAGANSETT BAY  

EPA Science Inventory

Concentrations of dissolved manganese and particulate manganese and aluminum were determined in samples from Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, and its surrounding rivers. Total manganese is approximately conservative, but dissolved and particulate manganese are not. Desorption may ...

275

Effect of zinc substitution on Co–Zn and Mn–Zn ferrite nanoparticles prepared by co-precipitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Co(1?x)ZnxFe2O4 and Mn(1?x)ZnxFe2O4 (x=0.1–0.5) nanoparticles less than 12nm are prepared by chemical co-precipitation method which could be used for ferrofluid preparation. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Vibrational sample magnetometer (VSM) and Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) are utilized in order to study the effect of variation in the Zn substitution and its impact on particle size, magnetic properties like

R. Arulmurugan; B. Jeyadevan; G. Vaidyanathan; S. Sendhilnathan

2005-01-01

276

X-ray absorption spectra and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism studies at Fe and Co L 2,3 edges of mixed cobalt–zinc ferrite nanoparticles: cationic repartition, magnetic structure and hysteresis cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectra at Co and Fe L2,3 edges are performed on mixed cobalt–zinc ferrite nanoparticles Co0.73yZn0.73(1?y)Fe2.18?0.09 O4 (with y=0.4, 2.8 and 3.7nm average diameter; the symbol ? represents a vacancy). Simulation of the spectra thanks to ligand field multiplet theory allows an evaluation of the cationic repartition. Co2+ occupies preferentially octahedral

J. F Hochepied; Ph Sainctavit; M. P Pileni

2001-01-01

277

Using thermal energy produced by irradiation of Mn-Zn ferrite magnetic nanoparticles (MZF-NPs) for heat-inducible gene expression.  

PubMed

One of the main advantages of gene therapy over traditional therapy is the potential to target the expression of therapeutic genes in desired cells or tissues. To achieve targeted gene expression, we developed a novel heat-inducible gene expression system in which thermal energy generated by Mn-Zn ferrite magnetic nanoparticles (MZF-NPs) under an alternating magnetic field (AMF) was used to activate gene expression. MZF-NPs, obtained by co-precipitation method, were firstly surface modified with cation poly(ethylenimine) (PEI). Then thermodynamic test of various doses of MZF-NPs was preformed in vivo and in vitro. PEI-MZF-NPs showed good DNA binding ability and high transfection efficiency. In AMF, they could rise to a steady temperature. To analyze the heat-induced gene expression under an AMF, we combined P1730OR vector transfection with hyperthermia produced by irradiation of MZF-NPs. By using LacZ gene as a reporter gene and Hsp70 as a promoter, it was demonstrated that expression of a heterogeneous gene could be elevated to 10 to 500-fold over background by moderate hyperthermia (added 12.24 or 25.81 mg MZF-NPs to growth medium) in tissue cultured cells. When injected with 2.6 or 4.6 mg MZF-NPs, the temperature of tumor-bearing nude mice could rise to 39.5 or 42.8 degrees C, respectively, and the beta-gal concentration could increase up to 3.8 or 8.1 mU/mg proteins accordingly 1 day after hyperthermia treatment. Our results therefore supported hyperthermia produced by irradiation of MZF-NPs under an AMF as a feasible approach for targeted heat-induced gene expression. This novel system made use of the relative low Curie point of MZF-NPs to control the in vivo hyperthermia temperature and therefore acquired safe and effective heat-inducible transgene expression. PMID:18396332

Tang, Qiu-sha; Zhang, Dong-sheng; Cong, Xiao-ming; Wan, Mei-ling; Jin, Li-qiang

2008-06-01

278

Synthesis and characterization of carboxymethyl dextran-coated Mn/Zn ferrite for biomedical applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous studies have shown that magnetic nanoparticles possess great potential for various in vivo applications such as magnetic resonance imaging contrast enhancement, tissue repair, cancer treatment agents, and controlled drug delivery. Many of these applications require that magnetic nanoparticles be colloidally stable in biological media. The goal of this study was to obtain a magnetic fluid produced by the colloidal suspension of manganese/zinc ferrite (MZF) nanoparticles that could be stably dispersed in aqueous solution throughout the range of physiological pH and ionic strength. These superparamagnetic nanoparticles were stabilized through steric repulsion by coating with biologically compatible carboxymethyl dextran (CMDx). Samples of the resultant magnetic fluid were analyzed using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES), X-ray diffraction (XRD), zeta potential measurements, dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and SQUID magnetometry. Results show that we obtained superparamagnetic metal-oxide crystals with composition of Mn 0.24Zn 0.76Fe 2O 4. Cell viability measurements show the material is non-toxic to MCF-7 and CaCo-2 cell lines at concentrations of up to 7.5 mg/mL of particle fraction for contact time of up to 48 h.

Latorre-Esteves, Magda; Cortés, Angel; Torres-Lugo, Madeline; Rinaldi, Carlos

2009-10-01

279

Vanadium carbonitride in low-carbon manganese steel  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.Low-carbon (0.03%) manganese steel (2% Mn) has a structure of ferrite with equilibrium grains, the boundaries of which are free of inclusions.2.Alloying of the steel with nitrogen and vanadium leads to precipitation of V(C, N) in ferrite, the platelets with dimensions of 70–150 Å. However, precipitation of V(C, N) in cleavage planes {100} weakens the atomic bonds, inducing embrittlement of

V. N. Nikitin; A. P. Gulyaev; N. I. Karchevskaya; Ya. M. Akhundov

1976-01-01

280

A smart platform for hyperthermia application in cancer treatment: cobalt-doped ferrite nanoparticles mineralized in human ferritin cages.  

PubMed

Magnetic nanoparticles, MNPs, mineralized within a human ferritin protein cage, HFt, can represent an appealing platform to realize smart therapeutic agents for cancer treatment by drug delivery and magnetic fluid hyperthermia, MFH. However, the constraint imposed by the inner diameter of the protein shell (ca. 8 nm) prevents its use as heat mediator in MFH when the MNPs comprise pure iron oxide. In this contribution, we demonstrate how this limitation can be overcome through the controlled doping of the core with small amount of Co(II). Highly monodisperse doped iron oxide NPs with average size of 7 nm are mineralized inside a genetically modified variant of HFt, carrying several copies of ?-melanocyte-stimulating hormone peptide, which has already been demonstrated to have excellent targeting properties toward melanoma cells. HFt is also conjugated to poly(ethylene glycol) molecules to increase its in vivo stability. The investigation of hyperthermic properties of HFt-NPs shows that a Co doping of 5% is enough to strongly enhance the magnetic anisotropy and thus the hyperthermic efficiency with respect to the undoped sample. In vitro tests performed on B16 melanoma cell line demonstrate a strong reduction of the cell viability after treatment with Co doped HFt-NPs and exposure to the alternating magnetic field. Clear indications of an advanced stage of apoptotic process is also observed from immunocytochemistry analysis. The obtained data suggest this system represents a promising candidate for the development of a protein-based theranostic nanoplatform. PMID:24689973

Fantechi, Elvira; Innocenti, Claudia; Zanardelli, Matteo; Fittipaldi, Maria; Falvo, Elisabetta; Carbo, Miriam; Shullani, Valbona; Di Cesare Mannelli, Lorenzo; Ghelardini, Carla; Ferretti, Anna Maria; Ponti, Alessandro; Sangregorio, Claudio; Ceci, Pierpaolo

2014-05-27

281

Magnetic properties of ultrafine cobalt ferrite particles L. D. Tung,a)  

E-print Network

Magnetic properties of ultrafine cobalt ferrite particles L. D. Tung,a) V. Kolesnichenko, D of a diluted system of ultrafine cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (d 3.3 nm). From the peak of the zero for cobalt ferrite, at 2 K, the reduced remanence Mr /Ms is equal to 0.46 which is close to the theoretical

Spinu, Leonard

282

Structural, optical and magnetic properties of chromium and manganese co-doped SnO2 nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rutile phase Sn0.99-xMnxCr0.01O2 (x = 0.00, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05 and 0.07) nanoparticles were synthesized by facile chemical co-precipitation method using poly ethylene glycol (PEG) as a capping agent. The samples were characterized by EDAX to confirm the expected stoichiometry. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analyses of these samples showed the formation of impurity free crystals with a single phase rutile type tetragonal crystal structure as that of (P42/mnm) of SnO2. Optical absorption spectra and corresponding Tauc's plots showed a redshift of the absorption edge in SnO2 after being co-doped with Cr and Mn. The samples were examined for its magnetic property using vibrating sample magnetometer which indicated that transition of magnetic signals from ferromagnetic to the paramagnetic nature with inclusion of Mn content in SnO2: Cr host matrix. The observed magnetic behavior is well supported with the bound magnetic polarons (BMPs) model.

Subramanyam, K.; Sreelekha, N.; Amaranatha Reddy, D.; Murali, G.; Poornaprakash, B.; Ramu, S.; Vijayalakshmi, R. P.

2015-01-01

283

General and Electrophysiological Toxic Effects of Manganese in Rats following Subacute Administration in Dissolved and Nanoparticle Form  

PubMed Central

In an attempt to model occupational and environmental Mn exposures and their possible interaction, young male Wistar rats were exposed to Mn by oral administration in dissolved form (MnCl2·4H2O, 14.84 and 59.36?mg/kg b.w.) and by intratracheal application of MnO2 nanoparticles (2.63?mg/kg b.w.). After 3 and 6 weeks oral, or 3 weeks oral plus 3 weeks intratracheal, exposure, general toxicological, and electrophysiological tests were done. Body weight gain was significantly reduced after 6 and 3 plus 3 weeks exposure, but the effect of the latter on the pace of weight gain was stronger. Organ weights signalized systemic stress and effect on lungs. Changes in evoked electrophysiological responses (cortical sensory evoked potential and nerve action potential) indicated that the 3 plus 3 weeks combined exposure caused equal or higher changes in the latency of these responses than 6 weeks of exposure, although the calculated summed Mn dose in the former case was lower. The results showed the importance of the physicochemical form of Mn in determining the toxic outcome, and suggested that neurofunctional markers of Mn action may indicate the human health effect better than conventional blood Mn measurement. PMID:22654621

Horváth, Edina; Máté, Zsuzsanna; Takács, Szabolcs; Pusztai, Péter; Sápi, András; Kónya, Zoltán; Nagymajtényi, László; Papp, András

2012-01-01

284

A Comparative Study on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Nickel Ferrite Nanoparticles Synthesized by Sol-gel and Coprecipitation Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanomagnetic nickel ferrite particles were prepared by sol-gel and co-precipitation techniques. Synthesized samples were annealed at 400 °C and 600 °C for two hour to study the variation of properties with temperature. Structural characterization carried out using X-ray Diffraction Technique (XRD), confirmed the formation of polycrystalline single phase nickel ferrite particles in both the methods. Morphology and size of the

Binu P. Jacob; M. Suresh Babu; Sukhvir Singh; Krishan Lal; E. M. Mohammed

2010-01-01

285

Sustainable synthesis of monodispersed spinel nano-ferrites  

EPA Science Inventory

A sustainable approach for the synthesis of various monodispersed spinel ferrite nanoparticles has been developed that occurs at water-toluene interface under both conventional and microwave hydrothermal conditions. This general synthesis procedure utilizes readily available and ...

286

Rapid magnetic solid-phase extraction based on monodisperse magnetic single-crystal ferrite nanoparticles for the determination of free fatty acid content in edible oils.  

PubMed

This study proposes a rapid magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) based on monodisperse magnetic single-crystal ferrite (Fe(3)O(4)) nanoparticles (NPs) for determining the quantities of eight free fatty acids (FFAs), including palmitic acid (C16:0), stearic acid (C18:0), oleic acid (C18:1), linoleic acid (C18:2), linolenic acid (C18:3), arachidic acid (C20:0), eicosenoic acid (C20:1), and behenic acid (C22:0) in oil. The amine-functionalized mesoporous Fe(3)O(4) magnetic NPs were applied as a sorbent for MSPE of FFAs from oil samples in a process that is based on hydrophilic interaction. The extraction can be completed rapidly in a dispersive mode with the aid of vigorous vortex. Additional tedious processing steps such as centrifugation and evaporation of organic solvent were not necessary with this procedure. Furthermore, esterification of FFAs can be accomplished during the desorption procedure by using methanol/sulfuric acid (99:1, v/v) as the desorption solvent. Several parameters affecting the extraction efficiency were investigated, including the matrix solvent for extraction, the desorption solvent and desorption time, and the amount of sorbent and extraction time. The pretreatment process was rapid under optimal conditions, being accomplished within 15 min. When coupled with gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID), a rapid, simple, and convenient MSPE-GC-FID method for the determination of FFAs in oil samples was established with a total analysis time within 25 min. The limits of detection for the target FFAs were found to be 7.22-26.26 ng/mL. Recoveries in oil samples were in the range of 81.33-117.75%, with RSDs of <6.4% (intraday) and <6.9% (interday). This method was applied successfully to the analysis of dynamic FFA formation in four types of edible oils subjected to an accelerated storage test. The simple, rapid, and cost-effective method developed in the current study offers a potential application for the extraction and preconcentration of FFAs from hydrophobic sample matrices, including edible fats and oils, fatty foods, and biological samples with high amounts of lipid. PMID:23230865

Wei, Fang; Zhao, Qin; Lv, Xin; Dong, Xu-Yan; Feng, Yu-Qi; Chen, Hong

2013-01-01

287

Predictive Toxicology of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: comparative in-vitro study of different cellular models using methods of knowledge discovery from data  

PubMed Central

Background Cobalt-ferrite nanoparticles (Co-Fe NPs) are attractive for nanotechnology-based therapies. Thus, exploring their effect on viability of seven different cell lines representing different organs of the human body is highly important. Methods The toxicological effects of Co-Fe NPs were studied by in-vitro exposure of A549 and NCIH441 cell-lines (lung), precision-cut lung slices from rat, HepG2 cell-line (liver), MDCK cell-line (kidney), Caco-2 TC7 cell-line (intestine), TK6 (lymphoblasts) and primary mouse dendritic-cells. Toxicity was examined following exposure to Co-Fe NPs in the concentration range of 0.05 -1.2 mM for 24 and 72 h, using Alamar blue, MTT and neutral red assays. Changes in oxidative stress were determined by a dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate based assay. Data analysis and predictive modeling of the obtained data sets were executed by employing methods of Knowledge Discovery from Data with emphasis on a decision tree model (J48). Results Different dose–response curves of cell viability were obtained for each of the seven cell lines upon exposure to Co-Fe NPs. Increase of oxidative stress was induced by Co-Fe NPs and found to be dependent on the cell type. A high linear correlation (R2=0.97) was found between the toxicity of Co-Fe NPs and the extent of ROS generation following their exposure to Co-Fe NPs. The algorithm we applied to model the observed toxicity belongs to a type of supervised classifier. The decision tree model yielded the following order with decrease of the ranking parameter: NP concentrations (as the most influencing parameter), cell type (possessing the following hierarchy of cell sensitivity towards viability decrease: TK6 > Lung slices > NCIH441 > Caco-2?=?MDCK > A549 > HepG2?=?Dendritic) and time of exposure, where the highest-ranking parameter (NP concentration) provides the highest information gain with respect to toxicity. The validity of the chosen decision tree model J48 was established by yielding a higher accuracy than that of the well-known “naive bayes” classifier. Conclusions The observed correlation between the oxidative stress, caused by the presence of the Co-Fe NPs, with the hierarchy of sensitivity of the different cell types towards toxicity, suggests that oxidative stress is one possible mechanism for the toxicity of Co-Fe NPs. PMID:23895432

2013-01-01

288

Mn substituted cobalt ferrites (CoMnxFe2-xO4 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0)): As magnetically separable heterogeneous nanocatalyst for the reduction of nitrophenols  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese substituted cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with composition CoMnxFe2-xO4 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0) were synthesized using sol-gel technology and characterized using the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction techniques to confirm their formation. The prepared ferrite samples were explored as catalysts for the reduction of nitrophenols in the presence of NaBH4 as reducing agent. Pure cobalt ferrite was found to be inactive. However, catalytic efficiency enhanced dramatically with the introduction of Mn ions into the catalytically active surface sites (octahedral sites) of the cobalt ferrite lattice. This could be due to the presence of synergistic effect between the Co3+, Mn3+ and Fe3+ ions present in the octahedral sites. CoMn02Fe1.8O4 ferrite was observed to have the best catalytic activity for the reduction of nitrophenols because of the highest Fe3+/Mn3+ and Co3+/Mn3+ ionic ratio at the catalytically active octahedral sites. The kinetics of reduction was studied and the reduction reaction followed pseudo first order kinetics. The rates of reduction of the three isomers of nitrophenols followed the order - 2-nitrophenol > 4-nitrophenol > 3-nitrophenol.

Goyal, Ankita; Bansal, S.; Kumar, V.; Singh, Jagdish; Singhal, Sonal

2015-01-01

289

Hot coal gas desulfurization with manganese based sorbents. Quarterly report, June--September 1994  

SciTech Connect

The focus of work being performed on hot coal gas desulfurization at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center is primarily in the use of zinc titanate sorbents; however, prior studies indicated that an alternate sorbent, manganese dioxide-containing ore in mixture with alumina (75 wt% ore + 25 wt% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) appears to be a strong contender to zinc-based sorbents. Manganese, for example, has a lower vapor pressure in the elemental state than zinc; hence, it is not as likely to undergo zinc-depletion from the sorbent surface upon loading and regeneration cycles. Also manganese oxide is less readily reduced to the elemental state than iron; hence, the range of reduction potentials for oxygen is somewhat greater than for zinc ferrite. In addition, thermodynamic analysis of the manganese-oxygen-sulfur system shows it to be less amenable to sulfation than zinc ferrite. Also manganese chlorides are much less stable and volatile than zinc chlorides. Potential also exists for utilization of manganese at higher temperatures than zinc ferrite or zinc titanate. This Eighth Quarterly Report documents progress in pelletizing and testing via thermo-gravimetric analysis of individual pellet formulations of manganese ore/alumina combinations and also manganese carbonate/alumina with two binders, dextrin and bentonite.

Hepworth, M.T.; Slimane, R.B.

1994-11-01

290

Magnetocaloric effect in ferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Miniaturization of the electronic devices for space, military and consumer applications requires cooling devices to be fabricated on a chip for power efficient, noise-free operations. Refrigeration based on the adiabatic-demagnetization has been used for several decades for cooling down to sub-kelvin temperatures. Superparamagnetic particles also hold tremendous potential towards this application. We have studied magnetocaloric effect (MCE) properties in chemically

D. Rebar

2005-01-01

291

A comparative study of structural, electrical and magnetic properties of magnesium ferrite nanoparticles synthesised by sol-gel and co-precipitation techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nano-sized magnesium ferrite was synthesised using co-precipitation and sol-gel techniques. Structural characterisation was performed using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer and scanning electron microscope. XRD analysis reveals the prepared samples are single phasic without any impurity. Particle size calculation shows that the crystallite size of sol-gel prepared samples is 9?nm and co-precipitation sample is 11?nm. FTIR analysis

Smitha Thankachan; Sheena Xavier; Binu Jacob; E. M. Mohammed

2012-01-01

292

The effect of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) coating on structural, magnetic properties and spin dynamics of Ni0.3Zn0.7Fe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, the structural and magnetic properties of uncoated and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) coated Ni0.3Zn0.7Fe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles were studied using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and magnetic measurements. The XRD patterns indicate that the crystalline structure is single phase cubic spinel and the spinel structure is retained after PVA coating. Also, after PVA coating, the crystallite size (from Scherrer formula) increases from 17 to 24 nm. The dc magnetization measurements revealed that both samples exhibit no hysteretic behavior at room temperature, symptomatic of the superparamagnetic behavior. The estimated values of z?, ?0 and T0, using the critical slowing down model, confirm the observed variation of freezing temperatures. AC susceptibility measurements showed the magnetic responses are frequency dependent, as an applicable potential in cancer therapy. The relative sensitivity of samples to the variation of applied frequency, as an important parameter in hyperthermia based therapy, increases by coating Ni0.3Zn0.7Fe2O4 nanoparticles with PVA.

Rahimi, M.; Kameli, P.; Ranjbar, M.; Salamati, H.

2013-12-01

293

Effects of cobalt doping on the microstructure and magnetic properties of Mn–Zn ferrites prepared by the co-precipitation method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mn–Zn ferrite nanoparticles with various amounts of cobalt doping have been synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The structure and morphology of the nanoparticles have been characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The effects of cobalt ions on the crystallization behavior, lattice parameters and magnetic properties of Mn–Zn ferrites have been investigated. All the Co-doped ferrite nanoparticles calcined at

C. F. Zhang; X. C. Zhong; H. Y. Yu; Z. W. Liu; D. C. Zeng

2009-01-01

294

Effects of cobalt doping on the microstructure and magnetic properties of Mn-Zn ferrites prepared by the co-precipitation method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles with various amounts of cobalt doping have been synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The structure and morphology of the nanoparticles have been characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The effects of cobalt ions on the crystallization behavior, lattice parameters and magnetic properties of Mn-Zn ferrites have been investigated. All the Co-doped ferrite nanoparticles calcined at

C. F. Zhang; X. C. Zhong; H. Y. Yu; Z. W. Liu; D. C. Zeng

2009-01-01

295

Effect of manganese and nitrogen on the solidification mode in austenitic stainless steel welds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The macrostructures and microstructures of thirty different austenitic stainless welds alloyed with manganese and Jor nitrogen are analyzed. Comparison of the results with those obtained from normal welds of the AISIJAWS 300 series indicates that the solidification mode and Ferrite Number can be predicted adequately using chromium and nickel equivalents. The solidification mode in the normal and nitrogen-alloyed welds can be best described by the equivalents developed by Hammar and Svensson and the Ferrite Number by the conventional Schaeffler-DeLong diagram. Both of these descriptions are invalid at high manganese content values (5 to 8 pct), however, in which case Hull’s equivalents give a better correlation between the composition and the solidification mode or Ferrite Number. The complicated role of manganese and the austenite-favoring effect of nitrogen in austenitic stainless steels are discussed.

Suutala, N.

1982-12-01

296

Evaluation of the resistance of DNA immobilized on ferrimagnetic particles of cobalt ferrite nanopowder against nuclease cleavage.  

PubMed

DNA was immobilized on ferrimagnetic particles of cobalt ferrite nanopowder (CoFe(2)O(4)) and its resistance to endonuclease (DNase I) hydrolysis was studied. Immobilization on cobalt ferrite nanoparticles prevented enzymatic cleavage of DNA. This process was not associated with enzyme inactivation under the effect of nanosize cobalt ferrite and was presumably determined by lesser availability of the DNA molecule as a result of its interaction with nanoparticles. PMID:21113461

Pershina, A G; Sazonov, A E; Ogorodova, L M

2010-07-01

297

Synthesis and characterisation of flexible hybrid magnetoelectric films: cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles inside a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) matrix.  

E-print Network

??This project is about the synthesis of new magnetoelectric flexible nanocomposites: PVDF β-phase ferro- and piezoelectric matrices with CoFe2O4 ferromagnetic and magnetostrictive nanoparticles. In order… (more)

Marchesini, Sofia

2014-01-01

298

Synthesis of magnetic spinel ferrite CoFe2O4 nanoparticles from ferric salt and characterization of the size-dependent superparamagnetic properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CoFe 2 O 4 nanoparticles have been synthesized by using a stable ferric salt of FeCl 3 with a micellar microemulsion method. The normal micelles are formed by sodium dodecyl sulfate (NaDS) in aqueous solutions. The mean size of the nanoparticles can be controlled from less than 4 nm to about 10 nm through controlling the concentrations of the

Chao Liu; Adam J. Rondinone; Z. John

2000-01-01

299

The Influence of Oleic Acid to Metal Nitrate Ratio on the Particle Size and Magnetic Properties of Lanthanum Ferrite Nanoparticles by Emulsion Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

LaFeO3 nanoparticles of different sizes are prepared by varying the molar concentration of oleic acid to metal nitrate using emulsion combustion method. X-ray diffraction analysis confirms that LaFeO3 nanoparticles are crystalline in nature with an orthorhombic structure. The average particle size and saturation magnetization decreases from 56 to 32 nm and 0.20 to 0.08 emu\\/g, as molar concentration of oleic acid to

Jeyaseelan Chandradass; Dong Sik Bae; M. Balasubramanian; Ki Hyeon Kim

2011-01-01

300

Chronic manganese intoxication  

SciTech Connect

We report six cases of chronic manganese intoxication in workers at a ferromanganese factory in Taiwan. Diagnosis was confirmed by assessing increased manganese concentrations in the blood, scalp, and pubic hair. In addition, increased manganese levels in the environmental air were established. The patients showed a bradykinetic-rigid syndrome indistinguishable from Parkinson's disease that responded to treatment with levodopa.

Huang, C.C.; Chu, N.S.; Lu, C.S.; Wang, J.D.; Tsai, J.L.; Tzeng, J.L.; Wolters, E.C.; Calne, D.B. (Chang Gung Medical College Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China))

1989-10-01

301

Synthesis, magnetic and optical properties of core/shell Co1-xZnxFe2O4/SiO2 nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The optical properties of multi-functionalized cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4), cobalt zinc ferrite (Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4), and zinc ferrite (ZnFe2O4) nanoparticles have been enhanced by coating them with silica shell using a modified Stöber method. The ferrites nanoparticles were prepared by a modified citrate gel technique. These core/shell ferrites nanoparticles have been fired at temperatures: 400°C, 600°C and 800°C, respectively, for 2 h. The composition, phase, and morphology of the prepared core/shell ferrites nanoparticles were determined by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, respectively. The diffuse reflectance and magnetic properties of the core/shell ferrites nanoparticles at room temperature were investigated using UV/VIS double-beam spectrophotometer and vibrating sample magnetometer, respectively. It was found that, by increasing the firing temperature from 400°C to 800°C, the average crystallite size of the core/shell ferrites nanoparticles increases. The cobalt ferrite nanoparticles fired at temperature 800°C; show the highest saturation magnetization while the zinc ferrite nanoparticles coated with silica shell shows the highest diffuse reflectance. On the other hand, core/shell zinc ferrite/silica nanoparticles fired at 400°C show a ferromagnetic behavior and high diffuse reflectance when compared with all the uncoated or coated ferrites nanoparticles. These characteristics of core/shell zinc ferrite/silica nanostructures make them promising candidates for magneto-optical nanodevice applications. PMID:21774807

Girgis, Emad; Wahsh, Mohamed Ms; Othman, Atef Gm; Bandhu, Lokeshwar; Rao, Kv

2011-01-01

302

Synthesis, magnetic and optical properties of core/shell Co1- x Zn x Fe2O4/SiO2 nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The optical properties of multi-functionalized cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4), cobalt zinc ferrite (Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4), and zinc ferrite (ZnFe2O4) nanoparticles have been enhanced by coating them with silica shell using a modified Stöber method. The ferrites nanoparticles were prepared by a modified citrate gel technique. These core/shell ferrites nanoparticles have been fired at temperatures: 400°C, 600°C and 800°C, respectively, for 2 h. The composition, phase, and morphology of the prepared core/shell ferrites nanoparticles were determined by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, respectively. The diffuse reflectance and magnetic properties of the core/shell ferrites nanoparticles at room temperature were investigated using UV/VIS double-beam spectrophotometer and vibrating sample magnetometer, respectively. It was found that, by increasing the firing temperature from 400°C to 800°C, the average crystallite size of the core/shell ferrites nanoparticles increases. The cobalt ferrite nanoparticles fired at temperature 800°C; show the highest saturation magnetization while the zinc ferrite nanoparticles coated with silica shell shows the highest diffuse reflectance. On the other hand, core/shell zinc ferrite/silica nanoparticles fired at 400°C show a ferromagnetic behavior and high diffuse reflectance when compared with all the uncoated or coated ferrites nanoparticles. These characteristics of core/shell zinc ferrite/silica nanostructures make them promising candidates for magneto-optical nanodevice applications.

Girgis, Emad; Wahsh, Mohamed Ms; Othman, Atef Gm; Bandhu, Lokeshwar; Rao, Kv

2011-07-01

303

Synthesis, magnetic and optical properties of core/shell Co1-xZnxFe2O4/SiO2 nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

The optical properties of multi-functionalized cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4), cobalt zinc ferrite (Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4), and zinc ferrite (ZnFe2O4) nanoparticles have been enhanced by coating them with silica shell using a modified Stöber method. The ferrites nanoparticles were prepared by a modified citrate gel technique. These core/shell ferrites nanoparticles have been fired at temperatures: 400°C, 600°C and 800°C, respectively, for 2 h. The composition, phase, and morphology of the prepared core/shell ferrites nanoparticles were determined by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, respectively. The diffuse reflectance and magnetic properties of the core/shell ferrites nanoparticles at room temperature were investigated using UV/VIS double-beam spectrophotometer and vibrating sample magnetometer, respectively. It was found that, by increasing the firing temperature from 400°C to 800°C, the average crystallite size of the core/shell ferrites nanoparticles increases. The cobalt ferrite nanoparticles fired at temperature 800°C; show the highest saturation magnetization while the zinc ferrite nanoparticles coated with silica shell shows the highest diffuse reflectance. On the other hand, core/shell zinc ferrite/silica nanoparticles fired at 400°C show a ferromagnetic behavior and high diffuse reflectance when compared with all the uncoated or coated ferrites nanoparticles. These characteristics of core/shell zinc ferrite/silica nanostructures make them promising candidates for magneto-optical nanodevice applications. PMID:21774807

2011-01-01

304

Cadmium ferrite ionic magnetic fluid: Magnetic resonance investigation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In contrast to all magnetic resonance investigations previously performed using magnetic fluids (MFs) based on spinel ferrite nanoparticles, cadmium-ferrite-based MFs present an intense, relatively sharp resonance line near g=4, in addition to the typical, broad structure near g=2. The broad resonance structure is associated with larger cadmium-ferrite nanoparticles, whereas the sharp resonance line is associated with ultrasmall cadmium-ferrite nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) data confirm the bimodal particle size distribution in the sample investigated. The temperature T dependence of the resonance field HR is almost linear, for both high-field (HF) and low-field (LF) resonance lines, in the range of 100-300 K. In support of the identification of the HF line (around g=2) and LF line (around g=4) with larger and smaller Cd-ferrite nanoparticles, respectively, the slope of the HR versus T curve is lower for the HF line (1.3 G/K) compared to the LF line (1.69 G/K), whereas the intercept constant of the HF line (3050 G) is higher than the intercept constant of the LF line (1130 G).

Silva, O.; Lima, E. C. D.; Morais, P. C.

2003-05-01

305

The Effect of Alkali Concentration on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Mn-Ferrite Nanoparticles Prepared via the Coprecipitation Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MnFe2O4 nanoparticles were synthesized using the coprecipitation method under two different NaOH concentration settings as reaction agents at 355 K (82 °C). Structural and morphological properties of the nanoparticles were examined using X-ray diffraction and a scanning electron microscope. The decrease of NaOH concentration led to the increase of particle size. This result contradicts two recently published reports. Also, the decrease of NaOH concentration led to more crystallinity and a narrower particle size distribution. The results were evaluated from a chemical point of view and were based on the supersaturation level, which was influenced by alkali concentration. It was concluded that the higher NaOH concentration led to a more rapid nucleation and more random cation distribution. The magnetic properties of the nanoparticles examined by permeameter and faraday-balance equipment were consistent with the structural and morphological properties of the particles.

Pourbafarani, Somayeh

2014-09-01

306

The filler powders laser welding of ODS ferritic steels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laser welding was performed on Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel with the self-designed filler powders. The filler powders were added to weld metal to produce nano-particles (Y-M-O and TiC), submicron particles (Y-M-O) and dislocation rings. The generated particles were evenly distributed in the weld metal and their forming mechanism and behavior were analyzed. The results of the tests showed that the nano-particles, submicron particles and dislocation rings were able to improve the micro-hardness and tensile strength of welded joint, and the filler powders laser welding was an effective welding method of ODS ferritic steel.

Liang, Shenyong; Lei, Yucheng; Zhu, Qiang

2015-01-01

307

Bulk Synthesis of Monodisperse Ferrite Nanoparticles at Water-Organic Interfaces under Conventional and Microwave Hydrothermal Treatment and Their Surface Functionalization  

EPA Science Inventory

Synthesis of monodisperse MFe2O4 (M=, Ni, Co, Mn) and ¿-Fe2O3 nanoparticles at a water-toluene interface under conventional as well as microwave hydrothermal conditions using readily available nitrate or chloride salts and oleic acid as the dispersing agent is described. The ens...

308

Manganese action in brain function  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manganese, an essential trace metal, is supplied to the brain via both the blood–brain and the blood–cerebrospinal fluid barriers. There are some mechanisms in this process and transferrin may be involved in manganese transport into the brain. A large portion of manganese is bound to manganese metalloproteins, especially glutamine synthetase in astrocytes. A portion of manganese probably exists in the

Atsushi Takeda

2003-01-01

309

Cadmium-ferrite-based magnetic fluid: birefringence and transmission electron microscopy investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a new hydrocarbon based MF sample containing cadmium ferrite nanoparticles surface-coated with oleic acid is investigated using TEM and SMB. In contrast to all MF samples based on spinel ferrite nanoparticles this new MF sample is relatively transparent at particle concentration in the range of 1016 to 1017 particle\\/cm3. Further, the saturation birefringence is one order of

P. C. Morais; O. Silva; P. P. Gravina; L. C. Figueiredo; E. C. D. Lima; L. P. Silva; R. B. Azevedo; K. S. Neto

2003-01-01

310

Functional Magnetic Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanoparticle system research and characterization is the focal point of this research and dissertation. In the research presented here, magnetite, cobalt, and ferrite nanoparticle systems have been explored in regard to their magnetocaloric effect (MCE) properties, as well as for use in polymer composites. Both areas of study have potential applications across a wide variety of interdisciplinary fields.\\u000aMagnetite nanoparticles

James Gass

2012-01-01

311

Investigation of structural, dielectric, and magnetic properties of hard and soft mixed ferrite composites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Barium ferrite (hard ferrite) and manganese nickel zinc ferrite (soft ferrite) were successfully synthesized by citrate gel combustion technique. They were used to form the composites by mixing them properly in required compositions (x)BaFe12O19-(1-x)Mn0.2Ni0.4Zn0.4Fe2O4 (0 ? x ? 1). X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were utilized to investigate the different structural and morphological parameters of pure and mixed ferrite composites. XRD and SEM results confirmed the coexistence of both phases in the composite material. Moreover, it has been observed that the composites were constituted by nanosized particles. Structure of pure soft ferrite was found to be cubic and that of pure hard ferrite was hexagonal. Dielectric constant (?' and ??) and dielectric loss (tan ?) were analyzed as a function of frequency and composition and the behaviour is explained on the basis of Maxwell-Wagner model. It was observed that the dielectric loss decreases with the increase of hard ferrite content in the composite material. Magnetic measurements suggest the exchange coupling between the magnetizations of soft and hard ferrite grains. It has been observed that the coercivity increases with the increase of the volume of the hard phase in the composite material after an optimal value.

Kotnala, R. K.; Ahmad, Shahab; Ahmed, Arham S.; Shah, Jyoti; Azam, Ameer

2012-09-01

312

Manganese laser using manganese chloride as lasant  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A manganese vapor laser utilizing manganese chloride as a lasant has been observed and investigated. Lasing is attained by means of two consecutive electrical discharges. The maximum laser output is obtained at a vapor pressure of about 3 torr, a temperature of 680 C, and a time delay between electrical discharges of 150 microsec. The maximum energy density is 1.3 microjoule per cu cm.

Chen, C. J.

1974-01-01

313

nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evenly separated crystalline CuIn0.8Ga0.2Se2 (CIGS) nanoparticles are deposited on ITO-glass substrate by pulsed laser deposition. Such CIGS layers are introduced between conjugated polymer layers and ITO-glass substrates for enhancing light absorbance of polymer solar cells. The P3HT:PCBM absorbance between 300 and 650 nm is enhanced obviously due to the introduction of CIGS nanoparticles. The current density-voltage curves of a P3HT:PCBM/CIGS solar cell demonstrate that the short-circuit current density is improved from 0.77 to 1.20 mA/cm2. The photoluminescence spectra show that the excitons in the polymer are obviously quenched, suggesting that the charge transfer between the P3HT:PCBM and CIGS occurred. The results reveal that the CIGS nanoparticles may exhibit the localized surface plasmon resonance effect just as metallic nanostructures.

Zhao, Yu; Li, Hui; Liu, Xu-Jun; Guan, Lei-Lei; Li, Yan-Li; Sun, Jian; Ying, Zhi-Feng; Wu, Jia-Da; Xu, Ning

2014-06-01

314

Comminuting irradiated ferritic steel  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a method of comminuting irradiated ferritic steel by placing the steel in a solution of a compound selected from the group consisting of sulfamic acid, bisulfate, and mixtures thereof. The ferritic steel is used as cladding on nuclear fuel rods or other irradiated components.

Bauer, Roger E. (Kennewick, WA); Straalsund, Jerry L. (Kennewick, WA); Chin, Bryan A. (Auburn, AL)

1985-01-01

315

Pharmacokinetics of intravenously injected Tc-99m labeled ferrite nanobeads  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the time varying biodistribution of ferrite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles upon in vivo injection. For this purpose, a novel process of directly labeling radioactive Tc-99m with ferrite nanoparticles was developed. The radiobeads serve as a tracer to provide information on the uptake of injected particles by organs. In the course of our study, Tc-99m labeled ferrite beads were intravenously injected into the tail vein of rats. The time course of changes in the radio-intensity of heart, lung, and liver could be achieved by real-time scintigraphic images. It was observed that the particle uptake by organs is very fast and completed within the first few minutes after intravenous injection. The pharmacokinetic behavior of the radiobead uptake was quantitatively described by a two-compartment model.

Fu, Chao-Ming; Wang, Yuh-Feng; Guo, Yu-Feng; Wang, Li-Shin; Chuang, May-Haw; Cham, Thau-Ming

2009-04-01

316

Monodisperse cobalt ferrite nanomagnets with uniform silica coatings.  

PubMed

Ferro- and ferrimagnetic nanoparticles are difficult to manipulate in solution as a consequence of the formation of magnetically induced nanoparticle aggregates, which hamper the utility of these particles for applications ranging from data storage to bionanotechnology. Nonmagnetic shells that encapsulate these magnetic particles can reduce the interparticle magnetic interactions and improve the dispersibility of the nanoparticles in solution. A route to create uniform silica shells around individual cobalt ferrite nanoparticles--which uses poly(acrylic acid) to bind to the nanoparticle surface and inhibit nanoparticle aggregation prior to the addition of a silica precursor--was developed. In the absence of the poly(acrylic acid) the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles irreversibly aggregated during the silica shell formation. The thickness of the silica shell around the core-shell nanoparticles could be controlled in order to tune the interparticle magnetic coupling as well as inhibit magnetically induced nanoparticle aggregation. These ferrimagnetic core-silica shell structures form stable dispersion in polar solvents such as EtOH and water, which is critical for enabling technologies that require the assembly or derivatization of ferrimagnetic particles in solution. PMID:20961061

Dai, Qiu; Lam, Michelle; Swanson, Sally; Yu, Rui-Hui Rachel; Milliron, Delia J; Topuria, Teya; Jubert, Pierre-Olivier; Nelson, Alshakim

2010-11-16

317

RESEARCH Open Access Predictive Toxicology of cobalt ferrite  

E-print Network

RESEARCH Open Access Predictive Toxicology of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: comparative in organs of the human body is highly important. Methods: The toxicological effects of Co-Fe NPs were the original work is properly cited. Horev-Azaria et al. Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2013, 10:32 http

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

318

A comparison between magnetic and reflection loss characteristics of substituted strontium ferrite and nanocomposites of ferrite/carbon nanotubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large-scale carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/substituted strontium ferrite nanocomposites have been fabricated by hetero-coagulation. The structure and morphology of nanoparticles and nanocomposites were evaluated by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). HRTEM confirmed that strontium ferrite was successfully attached to carbon nanotubes. The vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) confirmed the relatively strong dependence of saturation magnetization with the volume percentage of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Reflection loss of nanocomposites at 12-18 GHz was evidently enhanced, as compared to that of strontium ferrite nanoparticles. The maximum reflection loss increased significantly with an increase in volume percentage of MWCNTs. It was proved that the microwave absorbing bandwidth was modulated simply by manipulating the thickness of nanocomposites. Reflection loss evaluations indicate that the nanocomposites display a great potential application as wide-band electromagnetic wave absorbers.

Ghasemi, Ali; Shirsath, Sagar E.; Liu, Xiaoxi; Morisako, Akimitsu

2012-04-01

319

Low temperature synthesis of nanocrystalline lithium ferrite by a modified citrate gel precursor method  

SciTech Connect

Single phase nanocrystalline lithium ferrite is synthesized by a modified citrate gel precursor technique. Ferrite nanoparticles of average size of 8 nm, obtained after calcination of the citrate gel made by the usual method at 450 deg. C, show superparamagnetic behavior. However, small amounts of {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} is formed as an impurity phase due to the initial formation of some {gamma}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} phase. On the other hand, when the pH of the mixed solution is increased to 7 after the addition of ammonia solution, a lower calcination temperature of 200 deg. C is sufficient for the formation of single phase lithium ferrite nanoparticles of size 30 nm. No impurity phases are detected when the nanocrystalline powders are calcined at higher temperatures. The magnetic properties of the ferrite nanoparticles of different sizes obtained by calcining the powders at different temperatures are studied.

Verma, Seema [Physical and Materials Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411008 (India); Joy, P.A. [Physical and Materials Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411008 (India)], E-mail: pa.joy@ncl.res.in

2008-12-01

320

nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal energy storage (TES) is extremely important in concentrated solar power (CSP) plants since it represents the main difference and advantage of CSP plants with respect to other renewable energy sources such as wind, photovoltaic, etc. CSP represents a low-carbon emission renewable source of energy, and TES allows CSP plants to have energy availability and dispatchability using available industrial technologies. Molten salts are used in CSP plants as a TES material because of their high operational temperature and stability of up to 500°C. Their main drawbacks are their relative poor thermal properties and energy storage density. A simple cost-effective way to improve thermal properties of fluids is to dope them with nanoparticles, thus obtaining the so-called salt-based nanofluids. In this work, solar salt used in CSP plants (60% NaNO3 + 40% KNO3) was doped with silica nanoparticles at different solid mass concentrations (from 0.5% to 2%). Specific heat was measured by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). A maximum increase of 25.03% was found at an optimal concentration of 1 wt.% of nanoparticles. The size distribution of nanoparticle clusters present in the salt at each concentration was evaluated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and image processing, as well as by means of dynamic light scattering (DLS). The cluster size and the specific surface available depended on the solid content, and a relationship between the specific heat increment and the available particle surface area was obtained. It was proved that the mechanism involved in the specific heat increment is based on a surface phenomenon. Stability of samples was tested for several thermal cycles and thermogravimetric analysis at high temperature was carried out, the samples being stable.

Andreu-Cabedo, Patricia; Mondragon, Rosa; Hernandez, Leonor; Martinez-Cuenca, Raul; Cabedo, Luis; Julia, J. Enrique

2014-10-01

321

Z Ferrite Composite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fe-Si-Al/Co2Z ferrite composites were prepared by ball-milling. The microstructure, microwave electromagnetic properties, and impedance-matching performance of a series of composites were determined and the results are discussed. Experimental results indicated that, in frequency range 1-18 GHz, the permittivity and permeability of the complexes can be adjusted by changing the Fe-Si-Al-to-Co2Z weight ratio. Calculated reflection losses indicate that the absorption performance of Fe-Si-Al/Co2Z ferrite composites is superior to that of the pure Fe-Si-Al and Co2Z ferrites. It was found that the impedance-matching performance of the materials, which contributes to perfect absorption, can be improved by use of an appropriate weight ratio for the Fe-Si-Al/Co2Z ferrite composite.

Li, Qifan; Feng, Zekun; Yan, Shuoqing; Nie, Yan; Wang, Xian

2014-09-01

322

The effects of heat treatment on the synthesis of nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4) nanoparticles using the microwave assisted combustion method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NiFe2O4 nanoparticles were synthesized using the microwave assisted combustion method based on metal nitrate salts and urea. To remain of organic matters and to stabilize the particles, samples were thermally treated at various temperatures from 300-800 °C. The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The heat treated samples show the reflection planes of (111), (220), (222), (311), (400), (422), (511), and (440) which perfectly confirm to a cubic spinel phase of NiFe2O4 and no secondary phases were detected in the XRD patterns of the samples. The crystallite sizes calculated using the Debye-Scherrer formula were found to increase with the heat treatment temperature, from about 4 nm at 300 °C-85 nm at 800 °C. EDX results verify that the compositional mass rations were relevant, as expected from the synthesis. The micrographs of SEM and TEM showed that all of the samples have nano-crystalline behavior and particles indication cubic shape. Magnetization measurements were obtained at room temperature by using a VSM, which demonstrated that the all of the samples synthesized with heat treatment exhibited ferromagnetic behaviors.

Karc?o?lu Karaka?, Zeynep; Boncukcuo?lu, Recep; Karaka?, ?brahim Hakk?; Ertu?rul, Mehmet

2015-01-01

323

Room temperature photoinduced magnetization of manganese zinc ferrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have grown samples of (Mn,Zn,Fe)3O4 on (100) Si substrates that are photomagnetic at room temperature. The samples were grown with cation concentrations containing zero crossings of the first order anisotropy constant K1 near room temperature. Photomagnetic measurements with and without HeNe illumination show an increase in initial magnetization up to 8.1% at 100 Oe due to a significant increase in the initial permeability of these samples. This photomagnetic effect is explained by an intervalence charge transfer occurring when K1 is small. The magnitude of the photoinduced magnetization increases with decreasing nanocrystallite size.

Bettinger, J. S.; Chopdekar, R. V.; Suzuki, Y.

2009-02-01

324

Magnetic memory effects in nickel ferrite/polymer nanocomposites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Memory effects are reported in the field cooled (FC) magnetization of pure nickel ferrite powders and nickel ferrite nanocomposites prepared by the solution casting method. Studies carried out at different concentrations of the nanocomposite indicate that memory effects are suppressed with increasing concentration of the magnetic component in the nanocomposite. This is linked to the increase in the dipolar interaction strength in the nanocomposites, which increase with increasing concentration, as confirmed by the Henkel plots. Model simulations of the FC magnetization carried out on an interacting array of monodispersed magnetic nanoparticles indicate that growing cluster sizes inhibit memory effects.

Malik, Rakesh; Sehdev, Neeru; Lamba, Subhalakshmi; Sharma, Parmanand; Makino, Akihiro; Annapoorni, Subramanian

2014-03-01

325

Impedance calculation for ferrite inserts  

SciTech Connect

Passive ferrite inserts were used to compensate the space charge impedance in high intensity space charge dominated accelerators. They study the narrowband longitudinal impedance of these ferrite inserts. they find that the shunt impedance and the quality factor for ferrite inserts are inversely proportional to the imaginary part of the permeability of ferrite materials. They also provide a recipe for attaining a truly passive space charge impedance compensation and avoiding narrowband microwave instabilities.

Breitzmann, S.C.; Lee, S.Y.; /Indiana U.; Ng, K.Y.; /Fermilab

2005-01-01

326

Longitudinal MRI contrast enhanced monitoring of early tumour development with manganese chloride (MnCl2) and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) in a CT1258 based in vivo model of prostate cancer  

PubMed Central

Background Cell lines represent a key tool in cancer research allowing the generation of neoplasias which resemble initial tumours in in-vivo animal models. The characterisation of early tumour development is of major interest in order to evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic agents. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based in-vivo characterisation allows visualisation and characterisation of tumour development in early stages prior to manual palpation. Contrast agents for MRI such as superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) and manganese chloride (MnCl2) represent powerful tools for the in-vivo characterisation of early stage tumours. In this experimental study, we labelled prostate cancer cells with MnCl2 or SPIOs in vitro and used 1?T MRI for tracing labelled cells in-vitro and 7?T MRI for tracking in an in-vivo animal model. Methods Labelling of prostate cancer cells CT1258 was established in-vitro with MnCl2 and SPIOs. In-vitro detection of labelled cells in an agar phantom was carried out through 1?T MRI while in-vivo detection was performed using 7?T MRI after subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of labelled cells into NOD-Scid mice (n?=?20). The animals were scanned in regular intervals until euthanization. The respective tumour volumes were analysed and corresponding tumour masses were subjected to histologic examination. Results MnCl2in-vitro labelling resulted in no significant metabolic effects on proliferation and cell vitality. In-vitro detection-limit accounted 105 cells for MnCl2 as well as for SPIOs labelling. In-vivo 7?T MRI scans allowed detection of 103 and 104 cells. In-vivo MnCl2 labelled cells were detectable from days 4–16 while SPIO labelling allowed detection until 4?days after s.c. injection. MnCl2 labelled cells were highly tumourigenic in NOD-Scid mice and the tumour volume development was characterised in a time dependent manner. The amount of injected cells correlated with tumour size development and disease progression. Histological analysis of the induced tumour masses demonstrated characteristic morphologies of prostate adenocarcinoma. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study reporting direct in-vitro MnCl2 labelling and 7?T based in-vivo MRI tracing of cancer cells in a model of prostate cancer. MnCl2 labelling was found to be suitable for in-vivo tracing allowing long detection periods. The labelled cells kept their highly tumourigenic potential in-vivo. Tumour volume development was visualised prior to manual palpation allowing tumour characterisation in early stages of the disease. PMID:22784304

2012-01-01

327

Ferrite logic reliability study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development and use of digital circuits called all-magnetic logic are reported. In these circuits the magnetic elements and their windings comprise the active circuit devices in the logic portion of a system. The ferrite logic device belongs to the all-magnetic class of logic circuits. The FLO device is novel in that it makes use of a dual or bimaterial ferrite composition in one physical ceramic body. This bimaterial feature, coupled with its potential for relatively high speed operation, makes it attractive for high reliability applications. (Maximum speed of operation approximately 50 kHz.)

Baer, J. A.; Clark, C. B.

1973-01-01

328

Effect of Cadmium Substitution on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Nano Sized Nickel Ferrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure and crystal phase of the nanocrystalline powders of Ni1-xCdxFe2O4 (0<=x<=0.5) mixed ferrite, synthesized by wet chemical co-precipitation method, were characterized by X-ray diffraction. Results showed that the lattice parameter increased with increasing Cd concentration. Microstructure was studied by scanning electron microscopy. TG/DTA studies were carried out on co-precipitated sulphate complexes. These studies revealed the low ferritization temperature (650 °C) of the ferrite system synthesized by presently adopted route of synthesis and occurrence of simultaneous decomposition and ferritization processes. Further studies by infrared spectroscopy were also conducted. Moreover, magnetic properties of the prepared nanoparticles were studied by magnetization and a.c. susceptibility measurements. The response of prepared Ni1-xCdxFe2O4 mixed ferrites to magnetic field was investigated. Results show that, magnetic susceptibility, Curie temperature, and effective magnetic moment decreased as the Cd content increases.

Pralhadrao Jadhav, Sanjay; Ghanshamji Toksha, Bhagwan; Marutirao Jadhav, Kamalakar; Dadarao Shinde, Narayan

2010-08-01

329

Magnetic and dielectric properties of barium titanate-coated barium ferrite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flaky barium ferrite with hexagonal molecular structure was successfully prepared by reverse microemulsion method, and was coated with barium titanate through a coordination–precipitation technique. The prepared composite particles were characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) and vector network analyzer. Barium ferrite nanoparticles are proved to be single magnetic

Chao Wang; Xijiang Han; Ping Xu; Xiaohong Wang; Xueai Li; Hongtao Zhao

2009-01-01

330

Nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanostructured bulk materials are regarded as a means of enhancing the performance of thermoelectric (TE) materials and devices. Powder metallurgy has the distinct advantage over conventional synthesis that it can start directly from nanosized particles. However, further processing, for example extrusion, usually requires elevated temperatures, which lead to grain growth. We have found that introduction of semiconductor nanoparticles of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), a well-known solid lubricant, suppresses grain growth in bismuth telluride-based alloys, thus improving the extrusion process. Scanning electron microscope images show that adding MoS2 particles at concentrations of 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 wt% to p-type (Bi0.2Sb0.8)2Te3, under otherwise identical extrusion conditions, reduces average grain size by a factor of four. Scherer's formula applied to x-ray diffraction data indicates that average crystallite sizes (˜17 nm) of powders are not significantly different from those of alloys extruded with MoS2 (˜18 nm), which is in stark contrast with those for conventional alloy (Bi0.2Sb0.8)2Te3 extruded under the same conditions (˜80 nm). Harman measurements of TE properties reveal a decrease of the thermal conductivity accompanied by reduction of the room-temperature figure of merit ( ZT) from 0.9 to 0.7, because of a lower power factor. Above 370 K, however, the performance of alloys containing MoS2 surpasses that of (Bi0.2Sb0.8)2Te3, with reduction of the thermal conductivity which is more significant at temperatures above the cross point of the ZT values.

Keshavarz, Mohsen K.; Vasilevskiy, Dimitri; Masut, Remo A.; Turenne, Sylvain

2014-06-01

331

Reducing the inversion degree of MnFe2O4 nanoparticles through synthesis to enhance magnetization: evaluation of their (1)H NMR relaxation and heating efficiency.  

PubMed

Manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) nanoparticles of identical size (9 nm) and with different inversion degrees were synthesized under solvothermal conditions as a candidate theranostic system. In this facile approach, a long-chain amine, oleylamine, was utilized as a reducing and surface-functionalizing agent. The synthesized nanoparticles were shown to have a cubic-spinel structure as characterized by TEM and XRD patterns. Control over their inversion degree was achieved by a simple change of manganese precursor from Mn(acac)2 to Mn(acac)3. The variation in the inversion degree is ascribed to the partial oxidation of Mn(2+) to Mn(3+), as was evidenced by X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at both the Fe and Mn K-edges. The reduction of the inversion degree from 0.42 to 0.22 is close to the corresponding bulk value of 0.20 and led to elevated magnetization (65.7 emu g(-1)), in contrast to the Néel temperature, which was decreased owing to the weaker superexchange interactions between the tetrahedral and octahedral sites within the spinel structure. In order to evaluate the performance of these nanoprobes as a possible bifunctional targeting system, the (1)H NMR relaxation of the samples was tested together with their specific loss power under an alternating magnetic field as a function of concentration. The hydrophobic as prepared MnFe2O4 nanoparticles converted to hydrophilic nanoparticles with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The MnFe2O4 nanoparticles, well-dispersed in aqueous media, were shown to have r2 relaxivity of up to 345.5 mM(-1) s(-1) and heat release of up to 286 W g(-1), demonstrating their potential use for bioapplications. PMID:25014470

Vamvakidis, K; Katsikini, M; Sakellari, D; Paloura, E C; Kalogirou, O; Dendrinou-Samara, C

2014-09-01

332

Energetic basis of catalytic activity of layered nanophase calcium manganese oxides for water oxidation  

PubMed Central

Previous measurements show that calcium manganese oxide nanoparticles are better water oxidation catalysts than binary manganese oxides (Mn3O4, Mn2O3, and MnO2). The probable reasons for such enhancement involve a combination of factors: The calcium manganese oxide materials have a layered structure with considerable thermodynamic stability and a high surface area, their low surface energy suggests relatively loose binding of H2O on the internal and external surfaces, and they possess mixed-valent manganese with internal oxidation enthalpy independent of the Mn3+/Mn4+ ratio and much smaller in magnitude than the Mn2O3-MnO2 couple. These factors enhance catalytic ability by providing easy access for solutes and water to active sites and facile electron transfer between manganese in different oxidation states. PMID:23667149

Birkner, Nancy; Nayeri, Sara; Pashaei, Babak; Najafpour, Mohammad Mahdi; Casey, William H.; Navrotsky, Alexandra

2013-01-01

333

Microstructure and properties of low manganese and niobium containing HIC pipeline steel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the concept of using low manganese content in pipeline steels for hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC) applications. The microstructure of thermomechanically processed pipeline steel primarily consisted of polygonal ferrite and low fraction of pearlite. The cleanliness of the steel was evident as was the absence of centerline segregation. The microstructure contained high dislocation density, sub-boundaries and dislocation substructures. Fine-scale

S. S. Nayak; R. D. K. Misra; J. Hartmann; F. Siciliano; J. M. Gray

2008-01-01

334

Manganese, Metallogenium, and Martian Microfossils  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Manganese could easily be considered an abundant element in the Martian regolith, assuming that the composition of martian meteorites reflects the composition of the planet. Mineralogical analyses of 5 SNC meteorites have revealed an average manganese oxide concentration of 0.48%, relative to the 0.1% concentration of manganese found in the Earth's crust. On the Earth, the accumulation of manganese oxides in oceans, soils, rocks, sedimentary ores, fresh water systems, and hydrothermal vents can be largely attributed to microbial activity. Manganese is also a required trace nutrient for most life forms and participates in many critical enzymatic reactions such as photosynthesis. The wide-spread process of bacterial manganese cycling on Earth suggests that manganese is an important element to both geology and biology. Furthermore, there is evidence that bacteria can be fossilized within manganese ores, implying that manganese beds may be good repositories for preserved biomarkers. A particular genus of bacteria, known historically as Metallogenium, can form star-shaped manganese oxide minerals (called metallogenium) through the action of manganese oxide precipitation along its surface. Fossilized structures that resemble metallogenium have been found in Precambrian sedimentary formations and in Cretaceous-Paleogene cherts. The Cretaceous-Paleogene formations are highly enriched in manganese and have concentrations of trace elements (Fe, Zn, Cu, and Co) similar to modern-day manganese oxide deposits in marine environments. The appearance of metallogenium-like fossils associated with manganese deposits suggests that bacteria may be preserved within the minerals that they form. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Stein, L. Y.; Nealson, K. H.

1999-01-01

335

Effect of Ti-containing inclusions on the nucleation of acicular ferrite and mechanical properties of multipass weld metals.  

PubMed

In the present study, the influence of Ti-containing inclusions on the development of acicular ferrite microstructure and mechanical properties in the multipass weld metals has been studied. Shielded metal arc weld deposits were prepared by varying titanium content in the range of 0.003-0.021%. The variation in the titanium content was obtained by the addition of different amounts of titanium oxide nanoparticles to the electrode coating. The dispersion of titanium oxide nanoparticles, composition of inclusions, microstructural analysis, tensile properties and Charpy impact toughness were evaluated. As the amount of Ti-containing inclusions in the weld metal was increased, the microstructure of the weld metal was changed from the grain boundary allotriomorphic ferrite structure to acicular ferrite with the intragranular nucleation of ferrite on the Ti-containing inclusions, and the mechanical properties were improved. This improvement is attributable to the increased percentage of acicular ferrite due to the uniform dispersion of Ti-containing inclusions and the pinning force of oxide nanoparticles against the growth of allotriomorphic ferrite and Widmanstätten ferrite from the austenite grain boundaries. PMID:23238108

Fattahi, M; Nabhani, N; Hosseini, M; Arabian, N; Rahimi, E

2013-02-01

336

SOLUBLE MANGANESE REMOVAL BY POROUS MEDIA FILTRATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Filtration experiments were conducted to investigate soluble manganese removal in granular media filtration; sand, manganese oxide coated sand (MOCS), sand + MOCS (1:1) and granular activated carbon (GAC) were used as filter media. Manganese removal, manganese oxide accumulation, turbidity removal, and regeneration of MOCS under various conditions were examined. Soluble manganese removal by the MOCS column was rapid and efficient;

J. Kim; S. Jung

2008-01-01

337

Low activation ferritic alloys  

DOEpatents

Low activation ferritic alloys, specifically bainitic and martensitic stainless steels, are described for use in the production of structural components for nuclear fusion reactors. They are designed specifically to achieve low activation characteristics suitable for efficient waste disposal. The alloys essentially exclude molybdenum, nickel, nitrogen and niobium. Strength is achieved by substituting vanadium, tungsten, and/or tantalum in place of the usual molybdenum content in such alloys.

Gelles, David S. (West Richland, WA); Ghoniem, Nasr M. (Granada Hills, CA); Powell, Roger W. (Pasco, WA)

1986-01-01

338

Structure, morphology and magnetic properties of Mg(x) Zn(1 - x)Fe2O4 ferrites prepared by polyol and aqueous co-precipitation methods: a low-toxicity alternative to Ni(x)Zn(1 - x)Fe2O4 ferrites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The synthesis and properties of Mg(x)Zn(1 - x)Fe2O4 spinel ferrites as a low-toxicity alternative to the technologically significant Ni(x)Zn(1 - x)Fe2O4 ferrites are reported. Ferrite nanoparticles have been formed through both the polyol and aqueous co-precipitation methods that can be readily adapted to industrial scale synthesis to satisfy the demand of a variety of commercial applications. The structure, morphology and

A. Daigle; J. Modest; A. L. Geiler; S. Gillette; Y. Chen; M. Geiler; B. Hu; S. Kim; K. Stopher; C. Vittoria; V. G. Harris

2011-01-01

339

CONVERSATION OF DISSOLVED MANGANESE TO PARTICULATE MANGANESE DURING DIATOM BLOOM: EFFECTS ON THE MANGANESE CYCLE IN THE MERL MICROCOSMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Conversion of dissolved manganese to particulate manganese occurred during a minor diatom bloom during August and September 1978 in the MERL microcosms. Correlations between chlorophyll a and particulate manganese suggest that 29 moles Mn were transferred to the particulate phase...

340

21 CFR 582.5455 - Manganese glycerophosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manganese glycerophosphate. 582.5455 Section...or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5455 Manganese glycerophosphate. (a) Product. Manganese glycerophosphate. (b) Conditions...

2010-04-01

341

Wear-resistant and electromagnetic absorbing behaviors of oleic acid post-modified ferrite-filled epoxy resin composite coating  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The post-modified Mn-Zn ferrite was prepared by grafting oleic acid on the surface of Mn-Zn ferrite to inhibit magnetic nanoparticle aggregation. Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy was used to characterize the particle surfaces. The friction and electromagnetic absorbing properties of a thin coating fabricated by dispersing ferrite into epoxy resin (EP) were investigated. The roughness of the coating and water contact angle were measured using the VEECO and water contact angle meter. Friction tests were conducted using a stainless-steel bearing ball and a Rockwell diamond tip, respectively. The complex permittivity and complex permeability of the composite coating were studied in the low frequency (10 MHz-1.5 GHz). Surface modified ferrites are found to improve magnetic particles dispersion in EP resulting in significant compatibility between inorganic and organic materials. Results also indicate that modified ferrite/EP coatings have a lower roughness average value and higher water contact angle than original ferrite/EP coatings. The enhanced tribological properties of the modified ferrite/EP coatings can be seen from the increased coefficient value. The composite coatings with modified ferrite are observed to exhibit better reflection loss compared with the coatings with original ferrite.

Wang, Wenjie; Zang, Chongguang; Jiao, Qingjie

2015-03-01

342

21 CFR 582.5455 - Manganese glycerophosphate.  

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5455 Manganese glycerophosphate. (a) Product. Manganese glycerophosphate. (b)...

2014-04-01

343

21 CFR 582.5455 - Manganese glycerophosphate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5455 Manganese glycerophosphate. (a) Product. Manganese glycerophosphate. (b)...

2012-04-01

344

Effect of Dy-doping on the structural and magnetic properties of Co-Zn ferrite nanocrystals for magnetocaloric applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic nanoparticles for magnetocaloric applications should combine small coercivity, low demagnetization temperature, and high pyromagnetic coefficients while keeping the magnetization as high as possible. The strong dependence of the magnetic properties of cobalt-zinc mixed ferrite with specific dopant species enables this material to be considered a promising candidate for magnetocaloric applications. On this basis, pure and Dy-doped Co0.7Zn0.3Fe2O4 cobalt-zinc ferrite nanocrystals have been synthesized by conventional and modified (i.e., flow rate controlled addition of reactants) coprecipitation routes. The modified approach allows the control of ferrite crystal growth at the nanoscale and hence tuning of the corresponding magnetic properties. The magnetic properties of the produced nanocrystals were determined as a function of their structure, nominal dopant concentration, and crystal size. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy analyses suggested both the actual incorporation of the dopants into the host ferrite lattice and the promoting effect on crystal size of the flow rate at which the reactants are contacted. The average crystallite size varied from 13 nm (no control of flow rate) to 28 nm when the ferrite was synthesized at 1 ml/min. Doping caused the maximum magnetization of the ferrite to decrease; this parameter dropped from 60 emu/g (nondoped ferrite) to 55 emu/g when the ferrite was doped with 0.01 at. % of Dy. The maximum magnetization of the Dy (y =0.01) Co-Zn ferrite went up to 62 emu/g when the synthesis was carried out under flow-controlled conditions. The presence of 0.01 at. % Dy in the ferrite caused the demagnetization temperature to decrease from 350 °C (nondoped ferrite) to 320 °C. The demagnetization temperature was further decreased down to 308 °C when the ferrite powders were synthesized under flow rate controlled conditions.

Urcia-Romero, S.; Perales-Pérez, O.; Gutiérrez, G.

2010-05-01

345

Effect of Dy-doping on the structural and magnetic properties of Co-Zn ferrite nanocrystals for magnetocaloric applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetic nanoparticles for magnetocaloric applications should combine small coercivity, low demagnetization temperature, and high pyromagnetic coefficients while keeping the magnetization as high as possible. The strong dependence of the magnetic properties of cobalt-zinc mixed ferrite with specific dopant species enables this material to be considered a promising candidate for magnetocaloric applications. On this basis, pure and Dy-doped Co0.7Zn0.3Fe2O4 cobalt-zinc ferrite

S. Urcia-Romero; O. Perales-Pérez; G. Gutiérrez

2010-01-01

346

Effect of Dy-doping on the structural and magnetic properties of Co–Zn ferrite nanocrystals for magnetocaloric applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetic nanoparticles for magnetocaloric applications should combine small coercivity, low demagnetization temperature, and high pyromagnetic coefficients while keeping the magnetization as high as possible. The strong dependence of the magnetic properties of cobalt-zinc mixed ferrite with specific dopant species enables this material to be considered a promising candidate for magnetocaloric applications. On this basis, pure and Dy-doped Co0.7Zn0.3Fe2O4 cobalt-zinc ferrite

S. Urcia-Romero; O. Perales-Pe´rez; G. Gutie´rrez

2010-01-01

347

Probing the Chemical Stability of Mixed Ferrites: Implications for MR Contrast Agent Design  

PubMed Central

Nanomaterials with mixed composition, in particular magnetic spinel ferrites, are emerging as efficient contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Many factors, including size, composition, atomic structure, and surface properties are crucial in the design of such nanoparticle-based probes due to their influence on the magnetic properties. Silica-coated iron oxide (IO-SiO2) and cobalt ferrite (CoIO-SiO2) nanoparticles were synthesized using standard high temperature thermal decomposition and base-catalyzed water-in-oil microemulsion techniques. Under neutral aqueous conditions, it was found that 50–75% of the cobalt content in the CoIO-SiO2 nanoparticles leached out of the core structure. Leaching caused a 7.2-fold increase in longitudinal relaxivity and an increase in the saturation magnetization from ~48 emu/g core to ~65 emu/g core. X-ray absorption fine structure studies confirmed that the atomic structure of the ferrite core was altered following leaching, while TEM and DLS confirmed that the morphology and size of the nanoparticle remained unchanged. The CoIO-SiO2 nanoparticles converted from a partially inverted spinel cation arrangement (unleached state) to an inverse spinel arrangement (leached state). The control IO-SiO2 nanoparticles remained stable with no change in structure and negligible changes in magnetic behavior. This detailed analysis highlights how important understanding the properties of nanomaterials is in the development of reliable agents for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. PMID:21603070

Schultz-Sikma, Elise A.; Joshi, Hrushikesh M.; Ma, Qing; MacRenaris, Keith W.; Eckermann, Amanda L.; Dravid, Vinayak P.; Meade, Thomas J.

2011-01-01

348

Structural, morphological, dielectrical and magnetic properties of Mn substituted cobalt ferrite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Co1-xMnxFe2O4 (0 <= x <= 0.5) ferrite system is synthesized by using an auto combustion technique using metal nitrates. The influence of Mn substitution on the structural, electrical, impedance and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite is reported. X-ray diffraction patterns of the prepared samples confirm that the Bragg's peak belongs to a spinel cubic crystal structure. The lattice constant of cobalt ferrite increases with the increase in Mn content. The microstructural study is carried out by using the SEM technique and the average grain size continues to increase with increasing manganese content. AC conductivity analysis suggests that the conduction is due to small polaron hopping. DC electrical resistivity decreases with increasing temperature for a Co1-xMnxFe2O4 system showing semiconducting behavior. The activation energy is found to be higher in the paramagnetic region than the ferromagnetic region. Curie temperature decreases with Mn substitution in the host ferrite system. Dielectric dispersion having Maxwell—Wagner-type interfacial polarization has been observed for cobalt ferrite samples. Magnetic properties have been studied by measuring M—H plots. The saturation and remanent magnetization increases with Mn substitution.

Yadav, S. P.; Shinde, S. S.; Kadam, A. A.; Rajpure, K. Y.

2013-09-01

349

Effects of cobalt doping on the microstructure and magnetic properties of Mn-Zn ferrites prepared by the co-precipitation method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticles with various amounts of cobalt doping have been synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The structure and morphology of the nanoparticles have been characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The effects of cobalt ions on the crystallization behavior, lattice parameters and magnetic properties of Mn-Zn ferrites have been investigated. All the Co-doped ferrite nanoparticles calcined at 1150 °C possess a simple spinel structure and have an approximately spherical shape. The lattice parameters increase almost linearly with increasing Co content. The studies of magnetic properties show that the saturation magnetization Ms strongly depends on the Co content, having a maximum Ms value of 73 emu/g at a Co content of 1.0 at%, and all the Co-doped ferrites, with the average crystallite sizes ranging from 24.5 to 27.0 nm, exhibit superparamagnetism at room temperature.

Zhang, C. F.; Zhong, X. C.; Yu, H. Y.; Liu, Z. W.; Zeng, D. C.

2009-08-01

350

Interactions of pentachlorophenol with manganese oxide  

SciTech Connect

Abiotic interactions of pentachlorophenol (PCP) on manganese oxide surfaces were investigated to determine the extent of transformation. The optimal pH and ratio of manganese oxide to PCP were determined. Sorption of PCP on manganese oxide surfaces was quantified at optimal conditions. The effectiveness of utilizing manganese oxide to remediate contaminated subsurface environments was investigated.

Cramer, A.; McLean, J.E.; Sims, R.C. [Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States). Utah Water Research Lab.

1994-12-31

351

Structural Characterization of Biogenic Manganese Oxides Produced in Sea Water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese oxides have been coined as the "scavengers of the sea" and play important roles in both marine and freshwater systems. Natural manganese oxide nanoparticles and grain coatings are ubiquitous in the environment and profoundly impact the quality of sediments via their ability to degrade and sequester contaminants. These oxides are believed to form dominantly via oxidation of Mn(II) by marine and freshwater bacteria and have extremely high sorptive capacities for heavy metals. We have used XANES, EXAFS, and synchrotron (SR)-XRD techniques to study biogenic manganese oxides produced by spores of the marine Bacillus sp., strain SG-1 in seawater as a function of reaction time under fully in-situ conditions. The primary biogenic solid-phase Mn oxide product is a hexagonal layered phyollomanganate with an oxidation state similar to that in delta-MnO2. XRD data show the biooxides to have a phyllomanganate 10 basal plane spacing, suggesting the interlayer is hydrated and contains calcium. As the experiment continues, the initial biooxide changes to show triclinic symmetry. Fits to these EXAFS spectra suggest the octahedral layers have low Mn octahedral site vacancies in the lattice and the latyers bend to accommodate Jahn-Teller distortions creating the change in symmetry. The oxides observed in this study as models of Mn(II) bio-oxidation may be representative of the most abundant manganese oxide phase suspended in the oxic and sub-oxic zones of the oceanic water column.

Webb, S. M.; Bargar, J. R.; Tebo, B. M.

2003-12-01

352

Voltage tunable microwave ferrite resonator  

E-print Network

A novel method of implementing a tunable resonator using an applied voltage is presented. Stress is used to tune a microstrip resonator fabricated on a polycrystalline ferrite substrate. The stress was applied either ...

Oates, Daniel E.

353

Dilatometric characterization of pearlite dissolution in 0.1C-0.5Mn low carbon low manganese steel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very little information is available about the austenite formation in steels subjected to continuous heating. In the present work, high-resolution dilatometry was used to study the dissolution of pearlite during continuous heating austenitization in a low-carbon low-manganese steel with a ferrite-pearlite starting microstructure. A clear differentiation between pearlite dissolution process and α â γ transformation has been found in this

C. Garc??a de Andrés; F. G. Caballero; C. Capdevila

1998-01-01

354

Excimer laser ablation of ferrites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laser etching of ferrites was previously done by scanning a focused continuous-wave laser beam on a ferrite sample in a chemical environment. We study the phenomenon of photo-ablation of Ni-Zn or Mn-Zn ferrites by pulsed 248-nm KrF excimer laser irradiation. A transfer lens system is used to project a grating pattern of a mask irradiated by the pulsed KrF laser onto the ferrite sample. The threshold fluence for ablation at the ferrite surface is about 0.3 J/cm2. A typical fluence of 1 J/cm2 is used. The etched grooves produced are typically 20-50 ?m wide, with depths achieved as deep as 70 ?m . Groove straightness is good as long as a sharp image is projected onto the sample surface. The wall angle is steeper than 60 degrees. Scanning electron microscopy of the etched area shows a ``glassy'' skin with extensive microcracks and solidified droplets being ejected that is frozen in action. We found that this skin can be entirely removed by ultrasonic cleaning. A fairly efficient etching rate of about 10 nm/pulse for a patterned area of about 2 mm×2 mm is obtained at a fluence of 1 J/cm2. This study shows that projection excimer laser ablation is useful for micromachining of ferrite ceramics, and indicates that a hydrodynamic sputtering mechanism involving droplet emission is a cause of material removal.

Tam, A. C.; Leung, W. P.; Krajnovich, D.

1991-02-01

355

Influence of lanthanum on the optomagnetic properties of zinc ferrite prepared by combustion method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pure and lanthanum doped zinc ferrite nanoparticles were synthesized by a combustion method using glycine as fuel. The mechanism of formation of these nanoferrites is discussed briefly. The prepared nanoparticles characterized using powder X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) revealed the formation of cubic spinel phase with high crystallinity. Average crystallite size, X-ray density and bulk density were found to decrease with an increase in La3+ concentration. The chemical elements and states on the surface of these ferrites were determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The detailed core level spectra of the photoelectron peaks of Zn 2p, Fe 2p, La 3d and O 1s were analyzed. The magnetic behavior of these nanoparticles was studied using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and corresponding changes in the saturation magnetization (Ms), coercivity (Hc) and remanent magnetization (Mr) were analyzed. The optical behavior of these ferrite nanoparticles was characterized by UV-Diffuse reflectance studies (UV-DRS). From the UV-DRS studies, the optical band gap was found to be in the range of 1.87-1.97 eV. The combustion method significantly produces large amount of products within a short time. Therefore, this method is potentially suitable for manufacturing industries for preparing the magnetic nanoparticles.

Tholkappiyan, R.; Vishista, K.

2014-09-01

356

Structural studies with the use of XRD and Mössbauer spectroscopy of new high Manganese steels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New high-strength austenitic and austenitic-ferritic manganese steels represent a significant potential in applications for structural components in the automotive and railway industry due to the excellent combination of high mechanical properties and good plasticity. They belong to the group of steels called AHSS (Advanced High Strength Steels) and UHSS (Ultra High Strength Steels). Application of this combination of properties allows a reduction in the weight of vehicles by the use of reduced cross-section components, and thus to reduce fuel consumption. The development and implementation of industrial production of such interesting and promising steel and its use as construction material requires an improvement of their casting properties and susceptibility to deformation in plastic working conditions. In this work, XRD, Transmission Mössbauer Spectroscopy and Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy were employed in a study of the new high-manganese steels with a austenite and austenite-ferrite structure. The influence of the plastic deformation parameters on the changes in the structure, distribution of ferrite and disclosure of the presence of carbides was determined. The analysis of phase transformations in various times using CEMS method made possible to reveal their fine details.

Jablonska, Magdalena Barbara

2014-04-01

357

Tellurium content of marine manganese oxides and other manganese oxides  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Tellurium in amounts ranging from 5 to 125 parts per million was present in all of 12 samples of manganese oxide nodules from the floor of the Pacific and Indian oceans. These samples represent the first recognized points of high tellurium concentration in a sedimentary cycle. The analyses may lend support to the theory that the minor-element content of seafloor manganese nodules is derived from volcanic emanations.

Lakin, H.W.; Thompson, C.E.; Davidson, D.F.

1963-01-01

358

Manganese oxidation model for rivers  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The presence of manganese in natural waters (>0.05 mg/L) degrades water-supply quality. A model was devised to predict the variation of manganese concentrations in river water released from an impoundment with the distance downstream. The model is one-dimensional and was calibrated using dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, pH, manganese, and hydraulic data collected in the Duck River, Tennessee. The results indicated that the model can predict manganese levels under various conditions. The model was then applied to the Chattahoochee River, Georgia. Discrepancies between observed and predicted may be due to inadequate pH data, precipitation of sediment particles, unsteady flow conditions in the Chattahoochee River, inaccurate rate expressions for the low pH conditions, or their combinations.

Hess, Glen W.; Kim, Byung R.; Roberts, Philip J.W.

1989-01-01

359

Synthesis of nonstoichiometric M-type barium ferrite nanobelt by spark plasma sintering method  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the feasibility of ultrafast crystallization of M-type barium ferrite when the coprecipitation precursors\\u000a in stoichiometric proportions as BaFe12O19, Fe(OH)3 and BaCO3 nanoparticles, had been heated by spark plasma sintering (SPS) process. The results show that SPS method may realize the\\u000a ultrafast crystallization of M-type barium ferrite, absolutely prevent the crystallization of intermediate phase ?-Fe2O3, and significantly decrease

Wenyu Zhao; Qingjie Zhang; Xinfeng Tang; Haibin Cheng

2005-01-01

360

Ferrite attenuator modulation improves antenna performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ferrite attenuator inserted into appropriate waveguide reduces the gain of the antenna element which is causing interference. Modulating the ferrite attenuator to change the antenna gain at the receive frequency permits ground tracking until the antenna is no longer needed.

Hooks, J. C.; Larson, S. G.; Shorkley, F. H.; Williams, B. T.

1970-01-01

361

Transformation texture of allotriomorphic ferrite in steel  

E-print Network

Transformation texture of allotriomorphic ferrite in steel D. W. Kim1 , R. S. Qin1 and H. K. D. H into that of the product is mathematically defined. This is not the case when the ferrite forms by a reconstructive mechanism. The allotriomorphic ferrite nucleates heterogeneously at austenite grain boundaries, and although

Cambridge, University of

362

Millimeter Scale Alignment of Magnetic Nanoparticle Functionalized Microtubules in Magnetic Fields  

E-print Network

polymerization.6 In this communication, we report the first instance of microtubule functionalization with cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (CoFe2O4) and the facile use of an externally applied magnetic field to control

Hancock, William O.

363

Synthesis Of Different Phases Of Nano Manganese Oxides And Their Dielectric Behaviour In Chitosan Composites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanoscale oxides of transition metals, particularly manganese, are desirable for many applications in designing electric, magnetic and heterogeneous catalytic materials. Manganese oxides exist in different phases, viz. MnO, MnO2, Mn2O3, Mn2O7 and Mn3O4. Using different synthetic routes it is possible to synthesize different phases of manganese oxides. Moreover, composites of these oxides with polymer have the potential to address the needs of emerging dielectric technologies. In the present work, using manganese chloride and hydrazine hydrate, Mn3O4 and Mn2O3 nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by conventional and hydrothermal method respectively. The variation in the formation of the different phases has been discussed. The nanoparticles were well characterized by X-ray Diffraction and using the Debye Scherrer formula, the average size of Mn3O4 and Mn2O3 nanoparticles were calculated to be 35 nm and 25 nm respectively. Using solution casting method, nanocomposites of chitosan/Mn3O4 were prepared and their electrochemical properties were studied using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. It was observed that with increase in the content of nano oxides, the conductivity of the films increased. Also, the variation in the permittivity of these samples with respect to frequency was studied. The results suggest that the composites have a fair chance to be used in energy storage devices.

Harshita, B. A.; Bhat, D. Krishna; Bhatt, Aarti S.

2011-10-01

364

High power ferrite microwave switch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A high power ferrite microwave switch was developed along with associated electronic driver circuits for operation in a spaceborne high power microwave transmitter in geostationary orbit. Three units were built and tested in a space environment to demonstrate conformance to the required performance characteristics. Each unit consisted of an input magic-tee hybrid, two non-reciprocal latching ferrite phase shifters, an out short-slot 3 db quadrature coupler, a dual driver electronic circuit, and input logic interface circuitry. The basic mode of operation of the high power ferrite microwave switch is identical to that of a four-port, differential phase shift, switchable circulator. By appropriately designing the phase shifters and electronic driver circuits to operate in the flux-transfer magnetization mode, power and temperature insensitive operation was achieved. A list of the realized characteristics of the developed units is given.

Bardash, I.; Roschak, N. K.

1975-01-01

365

Tuning of magnetic properties in cobalt ferrite by varying Fe+2 and Co+2 molar ratios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different grades of magnetic cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles were synthesized with various molar ratios of Fe+2 to Co+2 ions in the initial salt solutions by the co-precipitation method. The crystal structure and morphology of the nanoparticles are obtained from X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis exhibited the Fe-O stretching vibration ~540 cm-1, confirming the formation of metal oxide. The magnetic studies demonstrate that all of the nanoparticles are superparamagnetic at 300 K. The saturation magnetization and coercivity of the CoFe2O4 nanoparticles are affected by the molar ratios of Fe+2 to Co+2 ions. Among all the synthesized nanoparticles, the system with 75:25 molar ratio of Fe+2 to Co+2 ions with a particle size of 13 nm showed a high magnetization of 90 emu/g.

Biswal, Dipti; Peeples, Brianna N.; Peeples, Caryn; Pradhan, Aswini K.

2013-11-01

366

Manganese metallurgy review. Part II: Manganese separation and recovery from solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various methods for manganese separation and recovery from solution are reviewed, which are potentially applicable to leach solutions of secondary manganese sources, particularly nickel laterite waste effluents. The main methods include solvent extraction, sulfide precipitation, ion exchange, hydroxide precipitation and oxidative precipitation. These methods are briefly compared and assessed for both purification of manganese solutions and recovery of manganese from

Wensheng Zhang; Chu Yong Cheng

2007-01-01

367

21 CFR 184.1449 - Manganese citrate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...obtained by precipitating manganese carbonate from manganese sulfate and sodium carbonate solutions. The filtered and washed precipitate is digested first with sufficient citric acid solution to form manganous citrate and then with sodium citrate to...

2011-04-01

368

21 CFR 184.1449 - Manganese citrate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...obtained by precipitating manganese carbonate from manganese sulfate and sodium carbonate solutions. The filtered and washed precipitate is digested first with sufficient citric acid solution to form manganous citrate and then with sodium citrate to...

2013-04-01

369

21 CFR 184.1449 - Manganese citrate.  

...obtained by precipitating manganese carbonate from manganese sulfate and sodium carbonate solutions. The filtered and washed precipitate is digested first with sufficient citric acid solution to form manganous citrate and then with sodium citrate to...

2014-04-01

370

21 CFR 184.1449 - Manganese citrate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...obtained by precipitating manganese carbonate from manganese sulfate and sodium carbonate solutions. The filtered and washed precipitate is digested first with sufficient citric acid solution to form manganous citrate and then with sodium citrate to...

2012-04-01

371

21 CFR 582.5446 - Manganese chloride.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5446 Manganese chloride. (a) Product. Manganese chloride. (b) Conditions of use....

2012-04-01

372

21 CFR 582.5458 - Manganese hypophosphite.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5458 Manganese hypophosphite. (a) Product. Manganese hypophosphite. (b) Conditions...

2011-04-01

373

21 CFR 582.5446 - Manganese chloride.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5446 Manganese chloride. (a) Product. Manganese chloride. (b) Conditions of use....

2011-04-01

374

21 CFR 582.5449 - Manganese citrate.  

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5449 Manganese citrate. (a) Product. Manganese citrate. (b) Conditions of use....

2014-04-01

375

21 CFR 582.5446 - Manganese chloride.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5446 Manganese chloride. (a) Product. Manganese chloride. (b) Conditions of use....

2010-04-01

376

21 CFR 582.5458 - Manganese hypophosphite.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5458 Manganese hypophosphite. (a) Product. Manganese hypophosphite. (b) Conditions...

2013-04-01

377

21 CFR 582.5461 - Manganese sulfate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5461 Manganese sulfate. (a) Product. Manganese sulfate. (b) Conditions of use....

2010-04-01

378

21 CFR 582.5461 - Manganese sulfate.  

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5461 Manganese sulfate. (a) Product. Manganese sulfate. (b) Conditions of use....

2014-04-01

379

21 CFR 582.5452 - Manganese gluconate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5452 Manganese gluconate. (a) Product. Manganese gluconate. (b) Conditions of...

2010-04-01

380

21 CFR 582.5458 - Manganese hypophosphite.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5458 Manganese hypophosphite. (a) Product. Manganese hypophosphite. (b) Conditions...

2012-04-01

381

21 CFR 582.5458 - Manganese hypophosphite.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1 § 582.5458 Manganese hypophosphite. (a) Product. Manganese hypophosphite. (b) Conditions...

2010-04-01

382

Chemical and instrumental analysis of ferrites.  

PubMed

More than thirty years since the manufacture of the first commercial ferrites, research and development efforts continue to produce ferrites with enhanced performance and new applications. Analytical chemistry has maintained a substantial role in the ferrite industry in the characterization of both raw materials and products, and the analytical literature of ferrites has grown accordingly. The continuing importance of ferrites to the electronic device industry requires further development of analytical methods suitable for characterization of ferrites so that their chemical composition may be related to performance and to the manufacturing processes used. As modem analytical techniques have been developed, their application to the characterization of ferrites and the detection of heterogeneity in these materials is increasing. PMID:18963365

McCrory-Joy, C; Joy, D C

1983-05-01

383

21 CFR 184.1449 - Manganese citrate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a) Manganese citrate (Mn3 (C6 H5 O7 )2 , CAS Reg. No. 1002-46-65) is a pale orange or pinkish white powder. It is obtained by precipitating manganese carbonate from manganese sulfate and sodium carbonate solutions....

2010-04-01

384

Manganese binding to the prion protein.  

PubMed

There is considerable evidence that the prion protein binds copper. However, there have also been suggestions that prion protein (PrP) binds manganese. We used isothermal titration calorimetry to identify the manganese binding sites in wild-type mouse PrP. The protein showed two manganese binding sites with affinities that would bind manganese at concentrations of 63 and 200 mum at pH 5.5. This indicates that PrP binds manganese with affinity similar to other known manganese-binding proteins. Further study indicated that the main manganese binding site is associated with His-95 in the so-called "fifth site" normally associated with copper binding. Additionally, it was shown that occupancy by copper does not prevent manganese binding. Under these conditions, manganese binding resulted in an altered conformation of PrP, displacement of copper, and altered redox chemistry of the metal-protein complex. Cyclic voltammetric measurements suggested a complex redox chemistry involving manganese bound to PrP, whereas copper-bound PrP was able to undergo fully reversible electron cycling. Additionally, manganese binding to PrP converted it to a form able to catalyze aggregation of metal-free PrP. These results further support the notion that manganese binding could cause a conformation change in PrP and trigger changes in the protein similar to those associated with prion disease. PMID:18332141

Brazier, Marcus W; Davies, Paul; Player, Esmie; Marken, Frank; Viles, John H; Brown, David R

2008-05-01

385

Manganese depresses rat heart muscle respiration  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

It has previously been reported that moderately high dietary manganese (Mn) in combination with marginal magnesium (Mg) resulted in ultrastructural damage to heart mitochondria. Manganese may replace Mg in biological functions, including the role of enzyme cofactor. Manganese may accumulate and subs...

386

Manganese toxicity upon overexposure  

PubMed Central

Manganese (Mn) is a required element and a metabolic byproduct of the contrast agent mangafodipir trisodium (MnDPDP). The Mn released from MnDPDP is initially sequestered by the liver for first-pass elimination, which allows an enhanced contrast for diagnostic imaging. The administration of intravenous Mn impacts its homeostatic balance in the human body and can lead to toxicity. Human Mn deficiency has been reported in patients on parenteral nutrition and in micronutrient studies. Mn toxicity has been reported through occupational (e.g. welder) and dietary overexposure and is evidenced primarily in the central nervous system, although lung, cardiac, liver, reproductive and fetal toxicity have been noted. Mn neurotoxicity results from an accumulation of the metal in brain tissue and results in a progressive disorder of the extrapyramidal system which is similar to Parkinson's disease. In order for Mn to distribute from blood into brain tissue, it must cross either the blood–brain barrier (BBB) or the blood–cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCB). Brain import, with no evidence of export, would lead to brain Mn accumulation and neurotoxicity. The mechanism for the neurodegenerative damage specific to select brain regions is not clearly understood. Disturbances in iron homeostasis and the valence state of Mn have been implicated as key factors in contributing to Mn toxicity. Chelation therapy with EDTA and supplementation with levodopa are the current treatment options, which are mildly and transiently efficacious. In conclusion, repeated administration of Mn, or compounds that readily release Mn, may increase the risk of Mn-induced toxicity. PMID:15617053

Crossgrove, Janelle; Zheng, Wei

2014-01-01

387

Biomarkers of Manganese Intoxication  

PubMed Central

Manganese (Mn), upon absorption, is primarily sequestered in tissue and intracellular compartments. For this reason, blood Mn concentration does not always accurately reflect Mn concentration in the targeted tissue, particularly in the brain. The discrepancy between Mn concentrations in tissue or intracellular components means that blood Mn is a poor biomarker of Mn exposure or toxicity under many conditions and that other biomarkers must be established. For group comparisons of active workers, blood Mn has some utility for distinguishing exposed from unexposed subjects, although the large variability in mean values renders it insensitive for discriminating one individual from the rest of the study population. Mn exposure is known to alter iron (Fe) homeostasis. The Mn/Fe ratio (MIR) in plasma or erythrocytes reflects not only steady-state concentrations of Mn or Fe in tested individuals, but also a biological response (altered Fe homeostasis) to Mn exposure. Recent human studies support the potential value for using MIR to distinguish individuals with Mn exposure. Additionally, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in combination with noninvasive assessment of ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA) by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), provides convincing evidence of Mn exposure, even without clinical symptoms of Mn intoxication. For subjects with long-term, low-dose Mn exposure or for those exposed in the past but not the present, neither blood Mn nor MRI provides a confident distinction for Mn exposure or intoxication. While plasma or erythrocyte MIR is more likely a sensitive measure, the cut-off values for MIR among the general population need to be further tested and established. Considering the large accumulation of Mn in bone, developing an X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy or neutron-based spectroscopy method may create yet another novel non-invasive tool for assessing Mn exposure and toxicity. PMID:20946915

Zheng, Wei; Fu, Sherleen X.; Dydak, Ulrike; Cowan, Dallas M.

2010-01-01

388

Manganese mineral interactions in brain.  

PubMed

Manganese (Mn) is an essential mineral but is toxic when taken in excess. However, whether its interactions with other minerals in organs and cells are involved in mechanisms underlying Mn toxicity is poorly understood. We designed a developmental rat model of chronic Mn treatment (Group A: 1 mg MnCl2.4H2O per ml of drinking water; Group B: 10 mg MnCl2.4H2O per ml of drinking water; Group C: 20 mg MnCl2.4H2O per ml of drinking water; Control Group given water without manganese addition). Employing the model and instrumental neutron activation analysis, we investigated two hypotheses: (i) chronic manganese treatment alters the brain regional distribution of manganese and this altered manganese distribution also leads to region-specific changes of other metals; (ii) chronic manganese treatment induces differential changes in subcellular distributions of metals and electrolytes. In the treated rats, brain Mn level showed dose-related increases, the most pronounced being noted in striatum, hypothalamus, and hippocampus: these increases also led to alterations in regional distribution pattern of Mn. In the treated rats, Fe level was increased in hypothalamus, cerebellum, hippocampus, pons and medulla, and striatum. Cu level was increased in pons and medulla, hippocampus, midbrain, and striatum. Se level was increased in cerebellum, striatum, midbrain, hypothalamus, and pons and medulla. Zn level was increased in hypothalamus and striatum. Ca level was increased in midbrain but decreased in cerebellum; however, Mg and Al levels were not markedly affected. In brains of Mn-treated rats, Mn levels in subcellular fractions were all increased, being especially marked in nuclei, mitochondria, and synaptosomes; the subcellular distributions of Fe, Cu, Zn, and Mg were differentially altered although those of Al and Ca were minimally affected. These results are consistent with our hypotheses and may have implications in manganese neurotoxicity. The cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying manganese-mineral interactions in brain are still poorly defined and merit further investigation. PMID:10385902

Lai, J C; Minski, M J; Chan, A W; Leung, T K; Lim, L

1999-01-01

389

Probing the Chemical Stability of Mixed Ferrites: Implications for Magnetic Resonance Contrast Agent Design  

SciTech Connect

Nanomaterials with mixed composition, in particular magnetic spinel ferrites, are emerging as efficient contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging. Many factors, including size, composition, atomic structure, and surface properties, are crucial in the design of such nanoparticle-based probes because of their influence on the magnetic properties. Silica-coated iron oxide (IO-SiO{sub 2}) and cobalt ferrite (CoIO-SiO{sub 2}) nanoparticles were synthesized using standard high-temperature thermal decomposition and base-catalyzed water-in-oil microemulsion techniques. Under neutral aqueous conditions, it was found that 50-75% of the cobalt content in the CoIO-SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles leached out of the core structure. Leaching caused a 7.2-fold increase in the longitudinal relaxivity and an increase in the saturation magnetization from {approx}48 to {approx}65 emu/g of the core. X-ray absorption fine structure studies confirmed that the atomic structure of the ferrite core was altered following leaching, while transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering confirmed that the morphology and size of the nanoparticle remained unchanged. The CoIO-SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles converted from a partially inverted spinel cation arrangement (unleached state) to an inverse spinel arrangement (leached state). The control IO-SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles remained stable with no change in the structure and negligible changes in the magnetic behavior. This detailed analysis highlights how important understanding the properties of nanomaterials is in the development of reliable agents for diagnostic and therapeutic applications.

Schultz-Sikma, Elise A.; Joshi, Hrushikesh M.; Ma, Qing; MacRenaris, Keith W.; Eckermann, Amanda L.; Dravid, Vinayak P.; Meade, Thomas J. (NWU)

2011-09-16

390

Electrical and magnetic characterization of nanocrystalline Ni–Zn ferrite synthesis by co-precipitation route  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nickel zinc ferrite nanoparticles Ni1?xZnxFe2O4 (x=0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1) have been prepared by the chemical co-precipitation route. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), DC electrical resistivity, dielectric constant and low field AC magnetic susceptibility. The powder XRD patterns confirm the single phase spinel structure for the synthesized materials. The crystallite size was calculated from the most intense peak

I. H. Gul; W. Ahmed; A. Maqsood

2008-01-01

391

Mechanical and Magnetic Properties of Thermoplastic Natural Rubber Nanocomposites Filled with Barium Ferrit  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanical and magnetic properties of thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) filled with barium ferrite BaFe12O19 nanoparticle. The nanocompasites were prepared via melt blending method using the Haake 600 p internal mixer. The content of the filler is varied from 2–10% by volume fraction. TPNR is a blend of polypropylene (PP), liquid natural rubber (LNR)

Mohamed M. M. Milad; Sahrim Hj. Ahmad; S. Y. Yahya; Mou’ad. A. Tarawneh

2009-01-01

392

Mechanical and Magnetic Properties of Thermoplastic Natural Rubber Nanocomposites Filled with Barium Ferrit  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanical and magnetic properties of thermoplastic natural rubber (TPNR) filled with barium ferrite BaFe12O19 nanoparticle. The nanocompasites were prepared via melt blending method using the Haake 600 p internal mixer. The content of the filler is varied from 2-10% by volume fraction. TPNR is a blend of polypropylene (PP), liquid natural rubber (LNR)

Mohamed M. M. Milad; Sahrim Hj. Ahmad; S. Y. Yahya; Mou'ad. A. Tarawneh

2009-01-01

393

Effect of Particle Size on Hyperfine Fields in Cr?Substituted Nano Co?Zn Ferrite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanoparticles of chromium?substituted cobalt zinc ferrite CCZF (Cr0.25Co0.25Zn0.5Fe2O4) were prepared using a chemical co?precipitation technique. X?ray diffraction studies of the prepared material show that the particle size lies in the nano range, with the smallest crystallite size being around 5 nm. Crystallite sizes are seen to increase with increase in the annealing temperature. Fe?57 Mössbauer studies at room temperature show that

Ram Kripal Sharma; Omprakash Suwalka; N. Lakshmi; K. Venugopalan

2006-01-01

394

Formation of nanostructured magnetic films using layer-by-layer self-assembly of star polymers and magnetic nanoparticles.  

E-print Network

?? In this work, multi-layered thin film materials comprised of cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) magnetic nanoparticles and polystyrene amine-functionalized (PS-NH2) star polymers have been prepared on… (more)

Shah, Shimul

2011-01-01

395

Development of a monolithic ferrite memory array  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the development and testing of ferrite monolithic memory arrays are presented. This development required the synthesis of ferrite materials having special magnetic and physical characteristics and the development of special processes; (1) for making flexible sheets (laminae) of the ferrite composition, (2) for embedding conductors in ferrite, and (3) bonding ferrite laminae together to form a monolithic structure. Major problems encountered in each of these areas and their solutions are discussed. Twenty-two full-size arrays were fabricated and fired during the development of these processes. The majority of these arrays were tested for their memory characteristics as well as for their physical characteristics and the results are presented. The arrays produced during this program meet the essential goals and demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating monolithic ferrite memory arrays by the processes developed.

Heckler, C. H., Jr.; Bhiwandker, N. C.

1972-01-01

396

Synthesis and Characterization of Nickel Zinc Ferrite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nano crystalline mixed ferrites can be prepared through different methods. In the present work a comparison was made on sol-gel auto combustion method and co-precipitation method by preparing Nickel Zinc Ferrite. The prepared samples were calcined at different temperatures and were characterized by powder XRD, FTIR. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated the formation of ferrite in nanophase. The lattice parameter was

Manju Kurian; Divya S. Nair

2011-01-01

397

Fabrication of Barium Ferrite Thick Films  

Microsoft Academic Search

During recent years the need for high quality self-biased barium ferrite (BaFe12O19) thick films had been increasing due to its chemical stability, anisotropy and oriented hexagonal M-type ferrites. Our goal is to fabricate barium ferrite thick films to be incorporated in self-biased microwave devises. Different methods such as sputtering, pulse laser deposition, CVD and modified liquid phase deposition have been

Wei Jiang Yeh; Carla Blengeri-Oyarce; Sundeep Pillamari; Jnana Manoj Appikonda; Laura Diaz; Yanko Kranov; David McIlroy

2008-01-01

398

Properties of barium ferrite sputtered films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ferrites have magnetic properties suitable for electronic applications, especially in the microwave range (circulators and isolators). Hexagonal ferrite, such as barium ferrite (BaFe12O19 or BaM), are of great interest for microwave device applications because of their large resistivity and high permeability at high frequencies. BaM films, 1–10?m thick, were deposited under optimized conditions by RF magnetron sputtering on alumina and

S. Capraro; M. Le Berre; J. P. Chatelon; H. Joisten; E. Mery; B. Bayard; J. J. Rousseau; D. Barbier

2004-01-01

399

Ferrite Loaded DBD Plasma Device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An atmospheric pressure plasma jet device with dielectric barrier discharge was built using low cost 5C22 thyratron valve and ferrite transformer. The ferrite transformer increases the intensity about four times the primary pulse and lengthens the high voltage pulse, keeping the rise time of the thyratron pulse. Spectrometer measurement shows excited nitrogen molecular emissions of second positive system. The most intense nitrogen molecular line, 357.69 nm, was chosen to monitor the time dependence of the discharge. Synthetic temperature, using 380.49 nm line of N2 emission and SpecAir simulation, shows plasma gas temperature of 300 K. To corroborate this low temperature, the plasma jet is applied to human tongue with no harm or bad physical feeling.

Machida, M.

2015-02-01

400

Nickel and manganese transfer from soil to plant in lateritic mining soils from New Caledonia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Caledonian ferritic soils (more than 50 % of iron) are naturally rich in metals (chromium, nickel, cobalt, and manganese), deficient in major nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium), and unbalanced for the calcium/magnesium ratio. Under these particular ecological conditions, New Caledonia, recognized as a hot-spot of biodiversity, is a natural laboratory to study and understand the adaptation strategies of plants to metalliferous soils, and particularly the tolerance and (hyper)accumulation of metals by plants. Moreover, understanding such mechanisms is essential to develop rehabilitation or phytoremediation techniques for polluted soils, as well as phytomining techniques. Thus, in order to understand the soil - plant relationship and metal mobility along a toposequence in a future nickel mining massif, field experiments were conducted in an isolated ultramafic massif of New Caledonia. Several plant species of two endemic and frequent plant genera were chosen: Tristaniopsis guillainii and T. calobuxus (Myrtaceae), and Phyllanthus serpentinus and P. favieri (Euphorbiaceae), because of their nickel and/or manganese accumulating or hyperaccumulating nature. Leaves, twigs, and roots of all plants were collected along the soil sequence and their associated rhizospheric and bulk soils were sampled. Next, a series of characterization techniques were adapted and then coupled to cryogenics. The combined use of those multiple techniques (cryo-microtomy, cryo-SEM, µXRF, cryo-XAS, and soil characterization) allowed to study co-location and speciation of nickel and manganese in the different plant organs and soils (rhizospheric and bulk). Bioaccumulated nickel and manganese had different distribution patterns. In leaves, Ni accumulated in non photosynthetic tissues (e.g. epidermis) whereas Mn preferentially accumulated in mesophyll whatever the plant species. Nevertheless, in spite of a different speciation in soils, nickel and manganese were both found as similar divalent organometallic complexes in the different plant parts.

Pouschat, P.; Rose, J.; Alliot, I.; Dominici, C.; Keller, C.; Laffont-Schwob, I.; Olivi, L.; Ambrosi, J.-P.

2009-04-01

401

Manganese partitioning in low carbon manganese steel during annealing  

Microsoft Academic Search

For 6Mn16 steel experimental soft annealing at 625 °C for periods from 1 h to 60 h and modeling with Thermo-Calc were performed to estimate the partitioning of alloying elements, in particular Mn, between ferrite, cementite and austenite. Using transmission electron microscopy and X-ray analysis it was established that the increase of Mn concentration in carbides to a level 7%–11.2% caused a local

J. Lis; A. Lis; C. Kolan

2008-01-01

402

The sintering properties and interfacial investigation of barium ferrite and ceramic cofiring system for the application of LTCC technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The BaFe12O19 ferrite and BaTiO3 ceramic nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel method, respectively. In order to involve the different functional materials and to improve the packaging density of devices using low temperature cofired ceramic technology, different content Bi2O3.B2O3.SiO2.ZnO as the sintering additives were added to lower the sintering temperature at 920 °C. The layers of BaFe12O19 ferrite and BaTiO3 ceramic

Yuan-Xun Li; Ying-Li Liu; Huai-Wu Zhang; Li-Kun Han

2009-01-01

403

Environmental Controls of Biological Manganese Oxidation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biological catalysis of manganese oxidation represents an important contribution to global manganese cycling; biological oxidation rates are several orders of magnitude higher than those of abiotic processes. Despite recent genetics advances, ongoing behavioral studies, and a large pool of knowledge regarding manganese chemistry, the links between biology and environmental chemistry remain unresolved. We have performed experiments on batch cultures of Leptothrix discophora SS-1 to explore the physiology of biological manganese oxidation. We have further conducted spectroscopic and microscopic studies of the mechanism as manganese proceeds from the soluble Mn2+ species to the insoluble Mn(III) and Mn(IV) phases. These investigations suggest roles for aqueous chemistry, mineralogy, and microbial physiology in controlling manganese fluxes in metal-rich environments.

Belz, A. P.; Ahn, C. C.; Nealson, K. H.

2001-12-01

404

40 CFR 721.10201 - Cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide. 721.10201...Chemical Substances § 721.10201 Cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide. (a) Chemical...chemical substance identified as cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide (PMN...

2012-07-01

405

40 CFR 721.10201 - Cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide. 721.10201...Chemical Substances § 721.10201 Cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide. (a) Chemical...chemical substance identified as cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide (PMN...

2014-07-01

406

40 CFR 721.10201 - Cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide. 721.10201...Chemical Substances § 721.10201 Cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide. (a) Chemical...chemical substance identified as cobalt lithium manganese nickel oxide (PMN...

2013-07-01

407

40 CFR 721.10011 - Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. 721.10011...Chemical Substances § 721.10011 Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. (a...chemical substance identified as barium calcium manganese strontium oxide (PMN...

2011-07-01

408

40 CFR 721.10011 - Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. 721.10011...Chemical Substances § 721.10011 Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. (a...chemical substance identified as barium calcium manganese strontium oxide (PMN...

2010-07-01

409

40 CFR 721.10011 - Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. 721.10011...Chemical Substances § 721.10011 Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. (a...chemical substance identified as barium calcium manganese strontium oxide (PMN...

2012-07-01

410

40 CFR 721.10011 - Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. 721.10011...Chemical Substances § 721.10011 Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. (a...chemical substance identified as barium calcium manganese strontium oxide (PMN...

2013-07-01

411

40 CFR 721.10011 - Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. 721.10011...Chemical Substances § 721.10011 Barium calcium manganese strontium oxide. (a...chemical substance identified as barium calcium manganese strontium oxide (PMN...

2014-07-01

412

Spectroscopic characterization of manganese minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese minerals ardenite, alleghanyite and leucopoenicite originated from Madhya Pradesh, India, Nagano prefecture Japan, Sussex Country and Parker Shaft Franklin, Sussex Country, New Jersey respectively are used in the present work. In these minerals manganese is the major constituent and iron if present is in traces only. An EPR study of on all of the above samples confirms the presence of Mn(II) with g around 2.0. Optical absorption spectrum of the mineral alleghanyite indicates that Mn(II) is present in two different octahedral sites and in leucophoenicite Mn(II) is also in octahedral geometry. Ardenite mineral gives only a few Mn(II) bands. NIR results of the minerals ardenite, leucophoenicite and alleghanyite are due to hydroxyl and silicate anions which confirming the formulae of the minerals.

Lakshmi Reddy, S.; Padma Suvarna, K.; Udayabhaska Reddy, G.; Endo, Tamio; Frost, R. L.

2014-01-01

413

Microbial Formation of Manganese Oxides  

PubMed Central

Microbial manganese oxidation was demonstrated at high Mn2+ concentrations (5 g/liter) in bacterial cultures in the presence of a microalga. The structure of the oxide produced varied depending on the bacterial strain and mode of culture. A nonaxenic, acid-tolerant microalga, a Chlamydomonas sp., was found to mediate formation of manganite (?-MnOOH). Bacteria isolated from associations with crude cultures of this alga grown in aerated bioreactors formed disordered ?-MnO2 from Mn2+ at concentrations of 5 g/liter over 1 month, yielding 3.3 g of a semipure oxide per liter. All algal-bacterial cultures removed Mn2+ from solution, but only those with the highest removal rates formed an insoluble oxide. While the alga was an essential component of the reaction, a Pseudomonas sp. was found to be primarily responsible for the formation of a manganese precipitate. Medium components—algal biomass and urea—showed optima at 5.7 and 10 g/liters, respectively. The scaled-up culture (50 times) gave a yield of 22.3 g (53 mg/liter/day from a 15-liter culture) of semipure disordered ?-MnO2, identified by X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and had a manganese oxide O/Mn ratio of 1.92. The Mn(IV) content in the oxide was low (30.5%) compared with that of mined or chemically formed ?-MnO2 (ca. 50%). The shortfall in the bacterial oxide manganese content was due to biological and inorganic contaminants. FTIR spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and electron diffraction studies have identified manganite as a likely intermediate product in the formation of disordered ?-MnO2. PMID:16348459

Greene, Anthony C.; Madgwick, John C.

1991-01-01

414

Nanocrystalline transition metal ferrites: Synthesis, characterization and surface functionalization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this thesis, a new synthetic methodology for the high yield synthesis of spinel-type transition metal ferrite nanoparticles has been developed. This approach is based on the complexation of the first-row transition metal cations with diethylene glycol (DEG) followed by the hydrolysis of the resulting chelate iron alkoxide complexes in the presence of an alkaline hydroxide. Due to the passivation of their surfaces with DEG molecules, the as-prepared nanoparticles are stable against agglomeration and can be easily dispersed in polar protic solvents (water, alcohols, etc.). Alternatively, a postsynthesis passivation with carboxylate ions can render the iron oxide nanocrystals highly dispersible in non-polar solvents. Optimization of the reaction conditions suggested that the size of the nanocrystals could be controlled by changing the complexing strength of the reaction medium. This hypothesis was verified in the case of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles: their sizes vary from 5.7 nm when the reaction is performed in neat diethylene glycol to 16.8 nm in N-methyl diethanolamine (NMDEA), whereas a 1:1 (%wt) mixture of these solvents yields nanocrystals with an average size of and 12.7 nm. A detailed characterization by using a wide variety of techniques, including powder X-Ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and 1H-NMR spectrometry was performed in order to elucidate the composition and the morphology of the variable-sized iron oxide nanoparticles. Both finite size and interparticle interaction effects were identified to influence the magnetic behavior of the oleate-capped nanosized particles. At low temperatures the Fe3O 4 nanocrystals exhibit a ferromagnetic behavior with blocking temperatures which increase with the average particle size, whereas at room temperature, except for the largest nanoparticles, they undergo a superparamagnetic relaxation. We exploited the high surface reactivity of the 10 nm Fe3O 4 nanoparticles to attach 2-3 nm gold grains to their surfaces through a simple, two-step chemically controlled procedure. By chemically bonding bioactive molecules to the attached Au nanoparticles these novel nanoarchitectures open up new opportunities for the implementation of the magnetic nanoparticles as a platform for various applications in the biomedical field.

Caruntu, Daniela

415

Role of manganese: Are welders at risk?.  

E-print Network

??Serious concerns exist among welders and occupational health investigators on the possible association between exposure to manganese via welding fumes and neurological effects. One suggestion… (more)

Nawrocki, R.P.

2012-01-01

416

Preparation of ferrite-coated MFM cantilevers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ferrite-coated magnetic force microscopy (MFM) cantilevers were prepared for the use with a high-frequency MFM (HF-MFM) setup. The ferrite coatings were fabricated by means of radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering directly on the Si surface. Two types of ferrites were employed in this study: NiZnFe 2O 4 spinel and Co 2Z-type hexaferrite (Ba 3Co 2Fe 24O 41, BCFO). The typical thickness of the coatings was 50 nm. For comparison, ferrite samples on (1 0 0) and (1 1 1)-oriented Si substrates (analogous to the surfaces of the cantilevers) were prepared. Successful HF-MFM imaging was performed with both types of cantilevers using harddisk writer poles as samples. The HF-MFM images obtained by ferrite-coated cantilevers evidently reveal more details of the magnetic field distribution of the writer poles up to the GHz range than conventional CoCr-coated MFM cantilevers.

Koblischka, M. R.; Kirsch, M.; Wei, J.; Sulzbach, T.; Hartmann, U.

2007-09-01

417

Gas sensing properties of ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gas sensing performance of ZnFe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles towards various organic volatile compounds is investigated. A self-combustion of a citrate-gel precursor at ˜90 °C in ambient air followed by annealing at 400 °C for 2 h has been explored to prepare a single phase spinel ferrite powder containing granular nanoparticles of average 23 nm diameters. A powder compact measures chemiresistive sensitivity of 59, 51, and 67% for organic vapor-analytes methanol, ethanol, and acetone respectively of 200 ppm at 250 °C. Excellent sensitivity of the granular nanoparticles results due to a large surface area to volume ratio effect.

Misra, Susmita; Ram, S.

2013-06-01

418

Self-biased cobalt ferrite nanocomposites for microwave applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oriented CoFe2O4 nanoparticles, dispersed in polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) matrix, were fabricated by magnetophoretic deposition of functionalized nanocolloidal cobalt ferrite particles into porous alumina membrane. Their magnetic behavior exhibits an out-of-plane easy axis with a large remanent magnetization and coercitivity. This orientation allows high effective internal magnetic anisotropy that contributes to the permanent bias along the wire axis. The microwave studies reveal a ferromagnetic resonance at 46.5 and 49.5 GHz, depending on the filling ratio of the membrane. Ansoft High Frequency Structure Simulator (Ansoft HFSS) simulations are in good agreement with experimental results. Such nanocomposite is presented as one of the promising candidates for microwave devices (circulators, isolators, noise suppressors etc.).

Hannour, Abdelkrim; Vincent, Didier; Kahlouche, Faouzi; Tchangoulian, Ardaches; Neveu, Sophie; Dupuis, Vincent

2014-03-01

419

Magnetic and ultrasonic studies on stable cobalt ferrite magnetic nanofluid.  

PubMed

Stable cobalt ferrite nanofluids of various concentrations have been prepared through co-precipitation method. Structural and morphological studies of nanoparticles are made with the help of X-ray diffraction technique and Transmission Electron Microscope respectively and it is found that the particles exhibit face centered cubic structure with an average size of 14 nm. The magnetic properties of the nanofluids have been analyzed at room temperature which revealed ferromagnetic behavior and also the very low value of coupling constant which ensures the negligible interparticle interaction in the absence of magnetic field. Ultrasonic investigations have been made for the nanofluids at different temperatures and magnetic fields. The temperature effects are explained with the help of open and close-packed water structure. The inter particle interactions of surface modified CoFe2O4 particles and the cluster formation at higher concentrations are realized through the variations in ultrasonic parameters. PMID:24188514

Nabeel Rashin, M; Hemalatha, J

2014-03-01

420

Preparation of highly anisotropic cobalt ferrite/silica microellipsoids using an external magnetic field.  

PubMed

Magnetic cobalt ferrite/silica microparticles having both an original morphology and an anisotropic nanostructure are synthesized through the use of an external magnetic field and nanoparticles characterized by a high magnetic anisotropy. The association of these two factors implies that the ESE (emulsion and solvent evaporation) sol-gel method employed here allows the preparation of silica microellipsoids containing magnetic nanoparticles aggregated in large chains. It is clearly shown that without this combination, microspheres characterized by an isotropic distribution of the magnetic nanoparticles are obtained. While the chaining of the cobalt ferrite nanoparticles inside the silica matrix is related to the increase of their magnetic dipolar interactions, the ellipsoidal shape of the microparticles may be explained by the elongation of the sol droplets in the direction of the external magnetic field during the synthesis. Because of their highly anisotropic structure, these microparticles exhibit permanent magnetic moments, which are responsible, at a larger scale, for the existence of strong magnetic dipolar interactions. Therefore, when they are dispersed in water, the microellipsoids self-assemble into large and irregular chains. These interactions can be reinforced by the use of external magnetic field, allowing the preparation of very large permanent chains. This research illustrates how nanostructured particles exhibiting complex architectures can be elaborated through simple, fast, and low-cost methods, such as the use of external fields in combination with soft chemistry. PMID:25029515

Abramson, Sébastien; Dupuis, Vincent; Neveu, Sophie; Beaunier, Patricia; Montero, David

2014-08-01

421

Magnetic nanoparticles coated with polysaccharide polymers for potential biomedical applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports a two-steps route for obtaining magnetic nanoparticles–polysaccharide hybrid materials consisting of Fe3O4, NiFe2O4 and CuFe2O4 nanoparticles synthesis by coprecipitation method in the presence of a soft template followed by coating of ferrite nanoparticles\\u000a of 8–10-nm size range with polysaccharide type polymers—sodium alginate or chitosan. Magnetic oxide nanoparticles and the\\u000a corresponding hybrid materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction

Cristina Ileana Covaliu; Daniela Berger; Cristian Matei; Lucian Diamandescu; Eugeniu Vasile; Camelia Cristea; Valentin Ionita; Horia Iovu

422

THE DISCOVERY OF LOWER ACICULAR FERRITE 10.1 INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

CHAPTER 10 THE DISCOVERY OF LOWER ACICULAR FERRITE 10.1 INTRODUCTION There is general agreement that a weld microstructure primarily containing acicu- lar ferrite will exhibit high strength and excellent of allotriomorphic ferrite, ferrite plates with aligned carbides, or grain-boundary nucleated bainite is considered

Cambridge, University of

423

The nature of acicular ferrite in HSLA steel weld metals  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the nature of the fine interlocking acicular ferrite microstructure in HSLA steel weld metals is investigated. The results strongly suggest the acicular ferrite is comprised of intragranularly nucleated Widmanstätten ferrite. Further, it is shown that the active nucleation sites for this ferritic product are weld metal inclusions. Sympathetic nucleation then takes place which leads eventually to the

R. A. Ricks; P. R. Howell; G. S. Barritte

1982-01-01

424

Effects of annealing conditions on microstructure and mechanical properties of low carbon, manganese transformation-induced plasticity steel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of annealing conditions on microstructural evolution and mechanical properties have been investigated in low carbon,\\u000a manganese TRIP (Mn TRIP) steel based on a 0.12C-6Mn-0.5Si-3Al alloy system. The microstructure of cold-rolled sheet subjected\\u000a to annealing at 760 °C to 800 °C for 30 s to 1800 s consists of a recrystallized ferrite matrix and fine-grained austenite\\u000a with a phase

Jae-Myeong Jang; Sung-Joon Kim; Nam Hyun Kang; Kyung-Mox Cho; Dong-Woo Suh

2009-01-01

425

Delta ferrite in the weld metal of reduced activation ferritic martensitic steel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Formation of delta(?)-ferrite in the weld metal, during autogenous bead-on-plate welding of Reduced Activation Ferritic Martensitic (RAFM) steel using Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) process, has been studied. Composition of the alloy is such that delta-ferrite is not expected in the alloy; but examination of the weld metal revealed presence of delta-ferrite in the weld metal. Volume fraction of delta-ferrite is found to be higher in the weld interface than in the rest of the fusion zone. Decrease in the volume fraction of delta-ferrite, with an increase in preheat temperature or with an increase in heat input, is observed. Results indicate that the cooling rate experienced during welding affects the volume fraction of delta-ferrite retained in the weld metal and variation in the delta-ferrite content with cooling rate is explained with variation in the time that the weld metal spends in various temperature regimes in which delta-ferrite is stable for the alloy during its cooling from the liquid metal to the ambient temperature. This manuscript will discuss the effect of welding parameters on formation of delta-ferrite and its retention in the weld metal of RAFM steel.

Sam, Shiju; Das, C. R.; Ramasubbu, V.; Albert, S. K.; Bhaduri, A. K.; Jayakumar, T.; Rajendra Kumar, E.

2014-12-01

426

Hybrid ternary rice paper-manganese oxide-carbon nanotube nanocomposites for flexible supercapacitors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern portable electronic devices create a strong demand for flexible energy storage devices. Paper based nanocomposites are attractive as sustainable materials for such applications. Here, we directly explored the hydroxyl chemistry of cellulose fibers to synthesize hybrid ternary nanocomposites, comprised of rice paper, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and manganese oxide nanoparticles. The functional groups on cellulose fibers can react with adsorbed permanganate ions, resulting in uniform deposition of manganese oxide nanoparticles. SWCNTs coated on top of manganese oxide nanoparticles form a highly conductive network connecting individual manganese oxide particles. By using the hybrid ternary composites as electrodes, the assembled two-electrode supercapacitors demonstrated high capacitance (260.2 F g-1), energy (9.0 W h kg-1), power (59.7 kW kg-1), and cycle stability (12% drop after 3000 cycles). In addition, the nanocomposites show good strength and excellent mechanical flexibility, and their capacitance shows negligible changes after bending more than 100 times. These findings suggest that opportunities exist to further explore the rich chemistry of cellulose fibers for innovative energy applications.Modern portable electronic devices create a strong demand for flexible energy storage devices. Paper based nanocomposites are attractive as sustainable materials for such applications. Here, we directly explored the hydroxyl chemistry of cellulose fibers to synthesize hybrid ternary nanocomposites, comprised of rice paper, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and manganese oxide nanoparticles. The functional groups on cellulose fibers can react with adsorbed permanganate ions, resulting in uniform deposition of manganese oxide nanoparticles. SWCNTs coated on top of manganese oxide nanoparticles form a highly conductive network connecting individual manganese oxide particles. By using the hybrid ternary composites as electrodes, the assembled two-electrode supercapacitors demonstrated high capacitance (260.2 F g-1), energy (9.0 W h kg-1), power (59.7 kW kg-1), and cycle stability (12% drop after 3000 cycles). In addition, the nanocomposites show good strength and excellent mechanical flexibility, and their capacitance shows negligible changes after bending more than 100 times. These findings suggest that opportunities exist to further explore the rich chemistry of cellulose fibers for innovative energy applications. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Chemical structures of functional groups on cellulose fibers, the surface water wettability of rice paper, CV curves of supercapacitors at different scan rates, galvanostatic charge-discharge curves of supercapacitors at different current densities, TGA profiles of the SWCNT-MnO2-paper composites synthesized at different temperatures, TEM images of MnO2 particles deposited on rice paper at different temperatures, photographs of supercapacitors under different bending test conditions, and a video of bending and folding the SWCNT-MnO2-paper composites. See DOI: 10.1039/c3nr03010e

Jiang, Wenchao; Zhang, Kaixi; Wei, Li; Yu, Dingshan; Wei, Jun; Chen, Yuan

2013-10-01

427

Structural, electrical and magnetic characteristics of nickel substituted cobalt ferrite nano particles, synthesized by self combustion method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nickel-substituted cobalt ferrite nano-particles are synthesized using a self-combustion method. Aqueous metal nitrates and citric acid form the precursors. No external oxidizing agents are used to change the pH of the precursors; this resulted in a more environment friendly synthesis. Structural, magnetic and electrical characteristics of the nano ferrites are verified using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), VSM and impedance analyzer respectively. Phase formation, particle size, lattice parameter, X-ray density, saturation magnetization, coercivity, dielectric constant and electrical activation energy as function of nickel substitution in cobalt ferrite are studied. It is shown here that the magnetic and electrical properties can be tuned by varying the nickel concentration.

Sontu, Uday Bhasker; Yelasani, Vijayakumar; Musugu, Venkata Ramana Reddy

2015-01-01

428

Spark plasma sintering synthesis of Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 ferrites: Mössbauer and catalytic study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nickel-zinc ferrite nanoparticles, Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.5, 0.8, 1.0) were prepared by combination of chemical precipitation and spark plasma sintering (SPS) techniques and conventional thermal treatment of the obtained precursors. The phase composition and structural properties of the obtained materials were investigated by X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy and their catalytic activity in methanol decomposition was tested. A strong effect of reaction medium leading to the transformation of ferrites to a complex mixture of different iron containing phases was detected. A tendency of formation of Fe-carbide was found for the samples synthesized by SPS, while predominantly iron-nickel alloys ware registered in TS obtained samples. The catalytic activity and selectivity in methanol decomposition to CO and methane depended on the current phase composition of the obtained ferrites, which was formed by the influence of the reaction medium.

Velinov, Nikolay; Manova, Elina; Tsoncheva, Tanya; Estournès, Claude; Paneva, Daniela; Tenchev, Krassimir; Petkova, Vilma; Koleva, Kremena; Kunev, Boris; Mitov, Ivan

2012-08-01

429

Processing of Nano-Crystallite Spinel Ferrite Prepared by Co-Precipitation Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mn0.4Cu0.4Zn0.2Fe ferrite was synthesized by soft chemical approach called co-precipitation technique. The ferrite powder was calcined, compacted and sintered at 700°C and 800°C for 3 h. The initial permeability, density, grain size, Curie temperature and dc resistivity have been studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD) method confirmed the sample to be a single-phase spinel structure without unreacted constituents. The particle size was calculated from XRD spectrum using Scherrer's formula and found to be ~55 nm. Then, nanoparticles were observed with tunneling electron microscopy (TEM). Further, scanning electron micrograph (SEM) also confirmed nano-phase and the uniformity of the particles. The initial permeability values do not exhibit much variation with temperature, except near Curie temperature, where it falls sharply. The initial permeability is found to increase with the increase in sintering temperature. This is attributed to the increase in the grain size. Calculation of activation energy indicates that the given ferrite is p-type semiconductor. Mössbauer study of these samples shows superparamagnetic behavior, which also confirms the formation of nano-particles. Possible models and mechanisms contributing to these processes have been discussed.

Mathur, P.; Thakur, A.; Singh, M.

430

Tailoring the magnetic properties and magnetorheological behavior of spinel nanocrystalline cobalt ferrite by varying annealing temperature.  

PubMed

Magnetic nanoparticles of spinel nanocrystalline cobalt ferrite were synthesized via the sol-gel method and subsequent annealing. The influence of the annealing temperature on the structure, magnetic properties, and magnetorheological effect was investigated. The finite crystallite size of the particles, determined by X-ray diffraction and the particle size observed via transmission electron microscopy, increased with the annealing temperature. The magnetic properties observed via a vibrating sample magnetometer showed that an increase in the annealing temperature leads to the increase in the magnetization saturation and, in contrast, a decrease in the coercivity. The effect of annealing on the magnetic properties of ferrite particles has been explained by the recrystallization process at high temperatures. This resulted in grain size growth and a decrease in an imposed stress relating to defects in the crystal lattice structure of the nanoparticles. The magnetorheological characteristics of suspensions of ferrite particles in silicone oil were measured using a rotational rheometer equipped with a magnetic field generator in both steady shear and small-strain oscillatory regimes. The magnetorheological performance expressed as a relative increase in the magnetoviscosity appeared to be significantly higher for suspensions of particles annealed at 1000 °C. PMID:24668306

Sedlacik, Michal; Pavlinek, Vladimir; Peer, Petra; Filip, Petr

2014-05-14

431

Hydrogen reduction of cobalt ferrite  

SciTech Connect

The kinetics of reduction of cobalt ferrite by hydrogen as a function of reduction temperature and pressure have been measured by thermogravimetric analysis. A minimum in the rate as a function of temperature has been observed and its cause attributed to the formation of a cobalt-wuestite subscale at higher reduction temperatures. A mathematical model, based on one derived by Spitzer, Manning, and Philbrook, has been used to interpret the results in terms of the rate constants for the individual steps in the reaction. Optical microscopy has been used to characterize the morphology of the reduction product and, additionally, partially reduced single crystals of cobalt ferrite have been examined by transmission electron microscopy to characterize the microstructure of the reaction interface. A fine network of pores in the reduced scale was shown to allow the reducing and product gases to reach the immediate vicinity of the chemical reaction. The structure of the porosity and consequently the effective diffusion coefficient in the scale were both shown to be functions of the reduction temperature and pressure. The interface reaction was shown to follow Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics. A model was developed to explain such kinetics by incorporating a solid-state diffusion step. Such a step was considered necessary to explain the development of the observed microstructures. An incubation time for the development of a continuous cobalt-wuestite subscale at higher reduction temperatures was attributed to the different growth kinetics for the spinel-metal and spinel-wuestite interfaces.

Porter, J.R.; de Jonghe, L.C.

1981-06-01

432

On Manganese in Sea and Fresh Waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemical and spectrographic analyses have shown that the sea contains a variable quantity of manganese, ranging between 1 ~d 10 mg.jm.3 (Thomp- son & Wilson, 1935; Noddack & Noddack, 1940), while river waters contain some 500 to 1000 mg.jm.3 (Twenhofel, 1938). These 'estimates include manganese in solution and that present as particulate or colloidal oxides soluble in concentrated hydrochloric acid.

H. W. Harvey

1949-01-01

433

Revisiting an old friend: manganese-based MRI contrast agents  

PubMed Central

Non-invasive cellular and molecular imaging techniques are emerging as a multidisciplinary field that offers promise in understanding the components, processes, dynamics and therapies of disease at a molecular level. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an attractive technique due to the absence of radiation and high spatial resolution which makes it advantageous over techniques involving radioisotopes. Typically paramagnetic and superparamagnetic metals are used as contrast materials for MR based techniques. Gadolinium has been the predominant paramagnetic contrast metal until the discovery and association of the metal with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) in some patients with severe renal or kidney disease. Manganese was one of the earliest reported examples of paramagnetic contrast material for MRI because of its efficient positive contrast enhancement. In this review manganese based contrast agent approaches will be presented with a particular emphasis on nanoparticulate agents. We have discussed both classically used small molecule based blood pool contrast agents and recently developed innovative nanoparticle-based strategies highlighting a number of successful molecular imaging examples. PMID:20860051

Pan, Dipanjan; Caruthers, Shelton D.; Senpan, Angana; Schmieder, Ann H.; Wickline, Samuel A.; Lanza, Gregory M.

2011-01-01

434

Dynamic optical probing of the magnetic anisotropy of nickelferrite nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Field dependence of dynamic magneto-orientational birefringence in a ferrocolloid based on the nickel-ferrite nanoparticles is examined. The nanoparticles are electrostatically stabilized and suspended in glycerin at low-volume fractions Phi<=0.75%. The colloids are tested under crossed magnetic fields: an alternating weak (probing) and a constant strong (bias) one. By comparison to a theoretical model of the birefringence relaxation, an evaluation of

Yu. L. Raikher; V. I. Stepanov; J. Depeyrot; M. H. Sousa; F. A. Tourinho; E. Hasmonay; R. Perzynski

2004-01-01

435

Manganese borohydride; synthesis and characterization.  

PubMed

Solvent-based synthesis and characterization of ?-Mn(BH4)2 and a new nanoporous polymorph of manganese borohydride, ?-Mn(BH4)2, via a new solvate precursor, Mn(BH4)2·1/2S(CH3)2, is presented. Manganese chloride is reacted with lithium borohydride in a toluene/dimethylsulfide mixture at room temperature, which yields halide and solvent-free manganese borohydride after extraction with dimethylsulfide (DMS) and subsequent removal of residual solvent. This work constitutes the first example of establishing a successful, reproducible solvent-based synthesis route for a pure, crystalline, stable transition metal borohydride. The new polymorph, ?-Mn(BH4)2, is shown to be the manganese counterpart of the zeolite-like compound, ?-Mg(BH4)2 (cubic, a = 16.209(1) Å, space group Id3[combining macron]a). It is verified that large pores (diameter > 6.0 Å) exist in this structure. The solvate, Mn(BH4)2·1/2S(CH3)2, is subsequently shown to be the analogue of Mg(BH4)2·1/2S(CH3)2. As the structural analogies between Mg(BH4)2 and Mn(BH4)2 became evident a new polymorph of Mg(BH4)2 was identified and termed ?-Mg(BH4)2. ?-Mg(BH4)2 is the structural counterpart of ?-Mn(BH4)2. All synthesis products are characterized employing synchrotron radiation-powder X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis in combination with mass spectroscopy. Thermal analysis reveals the decomposition of Mn(BH4)2 to occur at 160 °C, accompanied by a mass loss of 14.8 wt%. A small quantity of the desorbed gaseous species is identified as diborane (?m(Mn(BH4)2) = 9.5 wt% H2), while the remaining majority is found to be hydrogen. PMID:25611294

Richter, Bo; Ravnsbæk, Dorthe B; Tumanov, Nikolay; Filinchuk, Yaroslav; Jensen, Torben R

2015-02-17

436

New barium ferrite particles: Spherical shape  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pure and ZnTi-doped spherical barium ferrite particles were prepared using two different methods: semicoprecipitation and ultrasonic spray pyrolysis. The ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method was more effective in controlling particle shape. Particle size was in between 0.27 and 0.3 ?m. Coercivity and saturation magnetization were in the range of 1000 to 5000 Oe and 49 to 53 emu/g, respectively. Crystallization of amorphous Ba-Fe-O spherical precursors occurs at a lower temperature than Ba-Fe-Zn-Ti-O precursors. ?M measurement shows that magnetic interaction in spherical barium ferrite tape is weaker than hexagonal platelet barium ferrite.

Hong, Y. K.; Jung, H. S.

1999-04-01

437

Jingle-bell-shaped ferrite hollow sphere with a noble metal core: Simple synthesis and their magnetic and antibacterial properties  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, a simple strategy is developed for rational fabrication of a class of jingle-bell-shaped hollow structured nanomaterials marked as Ag(MFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) (M=Ni, Co, Mg, Zn), consisting of ferrite hollow shells and metal nanoparticle cores, using highly uniform colloidal Ag(C) microspheres as template. The final composites were obtained by direct adsorption of metal cations Fe{sup 3+} and M{sup 2+} on the surface of the Ag(C) spheres followed by calcination process to remove the middle carbon shell and transform the metal ions into pure phase ferrites. The as-prepared composites were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis spectroscopy and SQUID magnetometer. The results showed that the composites possess the magnetic property of the ferrite shell and the optical together with antibacterial property of the Ag core. - Graphical abstract: MFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (M=Ni, Co, Mg, Zn) hollow spheres with a noble metal nanoparticle core were successfully prepared by using colloidal metal(C) core-shell spheres as templates with no need of surface modification. The shell thickness and magnetic properties of the ferrite hollow spheres could be controlled by varying the synthetic parameters.

Li Siheng [Key Laboratory of Polyoxometalate Science of Ministry of Education, Department of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024 (China); Wang Enbo [Key Laboratory of Polyoxometalate Science of Ministry of Education, Department of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024 (China)], E-mail: Wangeb889@nenu.edu.cn; Tian Chungui; Mao Baodong; Kang Zhenhui; Li Qiuyu; Sun Guoying [Key Laboratory of Polyoxometalate Science of Ministry of Education, Department of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024 (China)

2008-07-15

438

Preparation and magnetic properties of nano size nickel ferrite particles using hydrothermal method  

PubMed Central

Background Nickel ferrite, a kind of soft magnetic materials is one of the most attracting class of materials due to its interesting and important properties and has many technical applications, such as in catalysis, sensors and so on. In this paper the synthesis of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles by the hydrothermal method is reported and the inhibition of surfactant (Glycerol or Sodium dodecyl sulfate) on the particles growth is investigated. Methods For investigation of the inhibition effect of surfactant on NiFe2O4 particles growth, the samples were prepared in presence of Glycerol and Sodium dodecyl sulfate. The X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES) techniques were used to characterize the samples. Results The results of XRD and ICP-AES show that the products were pure NiFe2O4 and also nanoparticles grow with increasing the temperature, while surfactant prevents the particle growth under the same condition. The average particle size was determined from the Scherrer's equation and TEM micrographs and found to be in the range of 50-60 nm that decreased up to 10-15 nm in presence of surfactant. The FT-IR results show two absorption bands near to 603 and 490 cm-1 for the tetrahedral and octahedral sites respectively. Furthermore, the saturated magnetization and coercivity of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles were in the range of 39.60 emu/g and 15.67 Qe that decreased for samples prepared in presence of surfactant. As well as, the nanoparticles exhibited a superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature. Conclusions Nanosized nickel ferrite particles were synthesized with and without surfactant assisted hydrothermal methods. The results show that with increasing of temperature, the crystallinity of nanoparticles is increased. In the presence of surfactants, the crystallinity of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles decreased in comparison with surfactant- free prepared samples. All of the nickel ferrite nanoparticles were superparamagnetic at room temperature. Graphical abstract PMID:22462726

2012-01-01

439

ALL-FERRITE RHIC INJECTION KICKER  

SciTech Connect

Ion beams are transferred from the AGS into RHIC in boxcar fashion as single bunches. The nominal design assumes 60 bunches per ring but increasing the number of bunches to gain luminosity is possible, thereby requiring injection kickers with a shorter rise time. The original injection system consists of traveling-wave dielectric loaded kicker magnets and a Blumlein pulser with a rise time adequate for the present operation. Voltage breakdown in the dielectric kickers suggested the use of all-ferrite magnets. In order to minimize the conversion cost, the design of the all-ferrite kicker uses the same components as the dielectric loaded units. The all-ferrite kickers showed in bench measured good breakdown properties and a current rise time of < 50 ns. A prototype kicker has been installed in the blue ring and was tested with beam. Beam measurements indicate suitability of all-ferrite kicker magnets for upgraded operation.

HAHN,H.; FISCHER,W.; PTITSYN,V.I.; TUOZZOLO,J.E.

2001-06-18

440

Ferrite HOM Absorber for the RHIC ERL  

SciTech Connect

A superconducting Energy Recovery Linac is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory to serve as test bed for RHIC upgrades. The damping of higher-order modes in the superconducting five-cell cavity for the Energy-Recovery linac at RHIC is performed exclusively by two ferrite absorbers. The ferrite properties have been measured in ferrite-loaded pill box cavities resulting in the permeability values given by a first-order Debye model for the tiled absorber structure and an equivalent permeability value for computer simulations with solid ring dampers. Measured and simulated results for the higher-order modes in the prototype copper cavity are discussed. First room-temperature measurements of the finished niobium cavity are presented which confirm the effective damping of higher-order modes in the ERL. by the ferrite absorbers.

Hahn,H.; Choi, E.M.; Hammons, L.

2008-10-01

441

Properties of ferrites at low temperatures (invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At cryogenic temperatures magnetic properties of ferrites change significantly from their values at room temperature, which has been the main regime for most device applications. Recently, microwave ferrite devices with superconducting microstrip circuits have been demonstrated at a temperature of 77 K with virtually no electrical conduction losses. Conventional ferrimagnetic garnet and spinel compositions, however, are not generally optimized for low temperatures and may require chemical redesign if the full potential of these devices is to be realized. Saturation magnetizations increase according to the Brillouin-Weiss function dependence that is characteristic of all ferromagnetic materials. Increased magnetocrystalline anisotropy and magnetostriction can have large effects on hysteresis loop squareness and coercive fields that are essential for stable phase shift and efficient switching. Rare-earth impurities and other ions with short spin-lattice relaxation times can cause increased microwave losses. In this article, the basic magnetochemistry pertaining to ferrites will be examined for adaptation of ferrite technology to cryogenic environments.

Dionne, Gerald F.

1997-04-01

442

Manganese metallurgy review. Part I: Leaching of ores\\/secondary materials and recovery of electrolytic\\/chemical manganese dioxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world rapidly growing demand for manganese has made it increasingly important to develop processes for economical recovery of manganese from low grade manganese ores and other secondary sources. Part I of this review outlines metallurgical processes for manganese production from various resources, particularly focusing on recent developments in direct hydrometallurgical leaching and recovery processes to identify potential sources of

Wensheng Zhang; Chu Yong Cheng

2007-01-01

443

Manganese partitioning in low carbon manganese steel during annealing  

SciTech Connect

For 6Mn16 steel experimental soft annealing at 625 deg. C for periods from 1 h to 60 h and modeling with Thermo-Calc were performed to estimate the partitioning of alloying elements, in particular Mn, between ferrite, cementite and austenite. Using transmission electron microscopy and X-ray analysis it was established that the increase of Mn concentration in carbides to a level 7%-11.2% caused a local decrease of the Ac{sub 1} temperature and led to the presence of austenite around the carbides. Thus, after cooling, small bainite-martensite or bainite-martensite-retained austenite (BM-A) islands were observed. A dispersion of carbides and a coarsening process were observed. The measured amount of Mn in the carbides was in good agreement with theoretical predictions.

Lis, J. [Institute of Materials Engineering, Czestochowa University of Technology, 19 Armii Krajowej, 42-200 Czestochowa (Poland); Lis, A. [Institute of Materials Engineering, Czestochowa University of Technology, 19 Armii Krajowej, 42-200 Czestochowa (Poland)], E-mail: lis@mim.pcz.czest.pl; Kolan, C. [Institute of Materials Engineering, Czestochowa University of Technology, 19 Armii Krajowej, 42-200 Czestochowa (Poland)

2008-08-15

444

The Manganese Toxicity of Cotton 1  

PubMed Central

Cotton plants (Gossypium hirsutum. Linn. var. Sankar 4) were grown at normal and toxic levels of substrate manganese, and the altered metabolism of manganese toxic plants was studied. The tissues of plants exposed to toxic levels of