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1

The evolution of the U.S. ESCO industry: Is there a Super ESCO in your life?  

SciTech Connect

As the restructuring of the US utility industry proceeds, Super ESCOs are expected to be key players in providing energy and energy-efficiency services to utility customers, and utility companies are expected to be either competing or partnering with Super ESCOs. Super ESCOs are energy service companies, or ESCOs, that provide traditional energy services and supply gas and/or electricity (and/or other fuels) to customers. Examples would include such companies as Duke Solutions, Edison Source, Enron Energy Services, PG and E Energy Services, and Xenergy. The evolution of the US ESCO industry and, in particular, the relationship between utilities and Super ESCOs, is the focus of this article.

Vine, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Nakagami, Hidetoshi; Murakoshi, Chiharu

1999-04-01

2

Review of US ESCO industry market trends: an empirical analysis of project data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This comprehensive empirical analysis of US energy service company (ESCO) industry trends and performance employs two parallel analytical approaches: a survey of firms to estimate total industry size, and a database of ?1500 ESCO projects, from which we report target markets and typical project characteristics, energy savings and customer economics. We estimate that industry investment for energy-efficiency related services reached

Charles A. Goldman; Nicole C. Hopper; Julie G. Osborn

2005-01-01

3

International ESCO business opportunities and challenges: a Japanese case study  

SciTech Connect

Recently, US energy service companies (ESCOs) have begun to actively explore markets outside the US. Despite the needs of many countries for ESCO involvement, ESCOs face many challenges (i.e., marketing, financial, institutional, political and cultural barriers). Consequently, most of these firms pursue international project opportunities very selectively due to the costs and risks associated with project development. Despite these barriers, some ESCOs view international work as a strategic expansion of their business, assuming that there will be adequate business in the future to repay them for their initial investment. In this paper, the authors present the findings from a recently completed study on the proposed development of an ESCO industry in Japan. The study was based on four sources of information: (1) a review of the published and unpublished literature on ESCOs; (2) interviews with 26 ESCOs in the US, the US Department of Energy, and the National Association of Energy Service Companies (NAESCO); (3) ESCO presentations at the October 1996 NAESCO meeting; and (4) informal discussions with ESCO experts in the US. They believe that the lessons learned in this study can be transferred or applied to other countries interested in developing an ESCO industry. While energy prices have remained relatively stable over the last several years in Japan and energy capacity is not perceived as a near-term problem, other ``market drivers`` necessary for the emergence of a successful and vibrant ESCO industry exist in Japan. Despite the presence of these market drivers, significant barriers to the successful development of an ESCO industry exist in Japan.

Vine, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.; Murakoshi, C. [Jyukankyo Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan)

1997-10-01

4

A Guide to Performance Contracting with ESCOs  

SciTech Connect

An energy services company (ESCO) can identify energy improvements, provide the capital required and installs improvements, offers turn-key installation services, and guarantees energy savings. Companies pay the ESCO back over a period of years from the energy cost savings generated from the project. Hiring an ESCO is a proven strategy for identifying and implementing energy saving capital improvements, while managing risks inherent in such projects. ESCOs can provide a range of services, from an energy audit to a third-party financed turn-key project with a comprehensive set of measures and guaranteed energy savings. Their specialty is the performance contract that shifts some of the project's performance risk to the ESCO in exchange for allowing the ESCO to capture a share of the savings. Key benefits to working with ESCOs include improved building performance, options for project financing and risk management, and access to expertise, new equipment and training with little to no upfront cost. Performance contracts can apply to an individual building, campuses, or whole portfolios. This guide describes the benefits offered by ESCOs and the things to consider when selecting and contracting with your provider. ESCOs have long served government markets. Performance contracting can be an effective investment approach for the private sector as well.

Baechler, Michael C.

2011-09-01

5

Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: ComparingPrograms, Practices and Prformance  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry's history, public and institutional sector customers have provided the greatest opportunities for ESCOs to develop projects. Generally speaking, these facilities are large, possess aging infrastructure, and have limited capital budgets for improvements. The convergence of these factors with strong enabling policy support makes performance contracting an attractive and viable option for these customers. Yet despite these shared characteristics and drivers, there is surprising variety of experience among public/institutional customers and projects. This collaborative study examines the public/institutional markets in detail by comparing the overarching models and project performance in the federal government and the ''MUSH'' markets municipal agencies (state/local government), universities/colleges, K-12 schools,and hospitals that have traditionally played host to much of the ESCO industry's activity. Results are drawn from a database of 1634 completed projects held in partnership by the National Association of Energy Services Companies and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (the NAESCO/LBNL database), including 129 federal Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) provided by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) (Strajnic and Nealon 2003). Project data results are supplemented by interviews with ESCOs.

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; McWilliams, Jennifer; Birr,Dave; Stoughton McMordie, Kate

2005-03-01

6

Role of gas cooling in tomorrow`s energy services industry  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the marketing approach and opportunities for suppliers and manufacturers of gas cooling equipment to partner with energy service companies (ESCOs). The author`s viewpoint is that in educating and partnering with ESCOs the gas cooling industry enables their technology to reach its potential in the projects that the ESCOs develop.

Hughes, P.J.

1997-04-01

7

Amplifying Real Estate Value through Energy&WaterManagement: From ESCO to 'Energy Services Partner'  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy service company (ESCO) business model could become significantly more effective by integrating the energy-efficiency purveyor and their capital into the underlying building ownership and operation partnership, rather than the current model in which the ESCO remains an outsider with higher transaction costs and limited interest and participation in the value created by the cost savings. Resource conservation advocates

Evan Mills; Evan

2004-01-01

8

The federal market for ESCO services: How does it measure up?  

SciTech Connect

The federal market has been a source of strong energy service company (ESCO) industry growth over the last decade as traditional MUSH markets municipal/state governments, universities, schools and hospitals have matured. Federal alternative financing programs Utility Energy Services Contracts (UESC) and Department of Energy (DOE) Super, Army and Air Force Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) have enabled this growth, but recent events threaten the ESPC programs. We compare the federal and MUSH markets by analyzing {approx} ;1550 completed projects and interviewing ESCO representatives. Federal ESPC market activity is estimated at {approx} ;$1.6 billion (B) over 10-15 years; activity in 2002 was {approx} ;$230 million (M). MUSH markets have produced {approx} ; $12-16B in projects over 20 years, and {approx} ;$0.8-1.0B in 2002. Federal sector projects have longer average contract terms than MUSH (14 vs. 9.5 years respectively). Federal projects are larger (median costs are $1.85M vs. $0.98M for MUSH), but costs per square foot are lower (median costs are $2.08/ft2 vs. $2.93/ft2 for MUSH), and annual energy savings are higher (18 vs. 14 kBtu/ft2). Non-energy savings are more often counted in federal projects (58 percent vs. 35 percent of MUSH projects) but when counted represent a higher proportion of savings in MUSH projects. Median payback times in the federal market are shorter than MUSH (7.7 vs. 8.8 years) and calculated net economic benefits of 214 federal projects amount to {approx} ;$550M, compared to {approx} ;$1.2B for 965 MUSH projects.

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Birr, Dave

2004-05-17

9

The cellular phenotype of Roberts syndrome fibroblasts as revealed by ectopic expression of ESCO2.  

PubMed

Cohesion between sister chromatids is essential for faithful chromosome segregation. In budding yeast, the acetyltransferase Eco1/Ctf7 establishes cohesion during DNA replication in S phase and in response to DNA double strand breaks in G2/M phase. In humans two Eco1 orthologs exist: ESCO1 and ESCO2. Both proteins are required for proper sister chromatid cohesion, but their exact function is unclear at present. Since ESCO2 has been identified as the gene defective in the rare autosomal recessive cohesinopathy Roberts syndrome (RBS), cells from RBS patients can be used to elucidate the role of ESCO2. We investigated for the first time RBS cells in comparison to isogenic controls that stably express V5- or GFP-tagged ESCO2. We show that the sister chromatid cohesion defect in the transfected cell lines is rescued and suggest that ESCO2 is regulated by proteasomal degradation in a cell cycle-dependent manner. In comparison to the corrected cells RBS cells were hypersensitive to the DNA-damaging agents mitomycin C, camptothecin and etoposide, while no particular sensitivity to UV, ionizing radiation, hydroxyurea or aphidicolin was found. The cohesion defect of RBS cells and their hypersensitivity to DNA-damaging agents were not corrected by a patient-derived ESCO2 acetyltransferase mutant (W539G), indicating that the acetyltransferase activity of ESCO2 is essential for its function. In contrast to a previous study on cells from patients with Cornelia de Lange syndrome, another cohesinopathy, RBS cells failed to exhibit excessive chromosome aberrations after irradiation in G2 phase of the cell cycle. Our results point at an S phase-specific role for ESCO2 in the maintenance of genome stability. PMID:19738907

van der Lelij, Petra; Godthelp, Barbara C; van Zon, Wouter; van Gosliga, Djoke; Oostra, Anneke B; Steltenpool, Jûrgen; de Groot, Jan; Scheper, Rik J; Wolthuis, Rob M; Waisfisz, Quinten; Darroudi, Firouz; Joenje, Hans; de Winter, Johan P

2009-09-07

10

Cohesin acetyltransferase Esco2 is a cell viability factor and is required for cohesion in pericentric heterochromatin.  

PubMed

Sister chromatid cohesion, mediated by cohesin and regulated by Sororin, is essential for chromosome segregation. In mammalian cells, cohesion establishment and Sororin recruitment to chromatin-bound cohesin depends on the acetyltransferases Esco1 and Esco2. Mutations in Esco2 cause Roberts syndrome, a developmental disease in which mitotic chromosomes have a 'railroad' track morphology. Here, we show that Esco2 deficiency leads to termination of mouse development at pre- and post-implantation stages, indicating that Esco2 functions non-redundantly with Esco1. Esco2 is transiently expressed during S-phase when it localizes to pericentric heterochromatin (PCH). In interphase, Esco2 depletion leads to a reduction in cohesin acetylation and Sororin recruitment to chromatin. In early mitosis, Esco2 deficiency causes changes in the chromosomal localization of cohesin and its protector Sgo1. Our results suggest that Esco2 is needed for cohesin acetylation in PCH and that this modification is required for the proper distribution of cohesin on mitotic chromosomes and for centromeric cohesion. PMID:22101327

Whelan, Gabriela; Kreidl, Emanuel; Wutz, Gordana; Egner, Alexander; Peters, Jan-Michael; Eichele, Gregor

2011-11-18

11

Localization and Regulation of Murine Esco2 During Male and Female Meiosis1  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Meiosis is essential for generation of healthy gametes in both sexes and involves recombination and segregation of homologous chromosomes to produce haploid gametes. The initiation of meiosis in both sexes relies upon retinoic acid (RA) (Griswold MD, Hogarth CA, Bowles J, Koopman P. Initiating Meiosis: The Case for Retinoic Acid. Biol Reprod 2012; 86(35):1–7). Previous studies have demonstrated that the stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (Stra8) was required for meiotic progression in both the mouse ovary and postnatal testis. To identify additional candidates that may play a role during meiosis, we used microarray databases to generate lists of transcripts with expression profiles similar to that of Stra8 in the embryonic ovary and postnatal testis. One such gene, establishment of cohesion 1 homolog 2 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) (Esco2), has been described as a regulator of sister chromatid cohesion during mitosis. This study describes the first in-depth analysis of ESCO2 localization and regulation during meiosis in both males and females. ESCO2 colocalized with the gamma H2A histone family member X (H2AFX) in pachytene spermatocytes, indicating that ESCO2 is a component of the XY body. In pachytene cells of the embryonic ovary, ESCO2 colocalized with H2AFX, which is consistent with the presence of ESCO2 in areas of double-stranded breaks. In addition, the expression of Esco2 was found to be regulated by RA in the postnatal testis. These data indicate that ESCO2 may play a vital role in meiosis in both males and females.

Evans, Elizabeth B.; Hogarth, Cathryn; Evanoff, Ryan M.; Mitchell, Debra; Small, Christopher; Griswold, Michael D.

2012-01-01

12

Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO accounts for more than 90% of CO-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO emissions arise from

Lenny Bernstein; Joyashree Roy; K. Casey Delhotal; Jochen Harnisch; Ryuji Matsuhashi; Lynn Price; Kanako Tanaka; Ernst Worrell; Francis Yamba; Zhou Fengqi; Dolf Gielen; Suzanne Joosen; Manaswita Konar; Anna Matysek; Reid Miner; Teruo Okazaki; Johan Sanders; Claudia Sheinbaum Parado

2007-01-01

13

Industry  

SciTech Connect

This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of industrial mitigation for sustainable development is discussed in Section 7.7. Section 7.8 discusses the sector's vulnerability to climate change and options for adaptation. A number of policies have been designed either to encourage voluntary GHG emission reductions from the industrial sector or to mandate such reductions. Section 7.9 describes these policies and the experience gained to date. Co-benefits of reducing GHG emissions from the industrial sector are discussed in Section 7.10. Development of new technology is key to the cost-effective control of industrial GHG emissions. Section 7.11 discusses research, development, deployment and diffusion in the industrial sector and Section 7.12, the long-term (post-2030) technologies for GHG emissions reduction from the industrial sector. Section 7.13 summarizes gaps in knowledge.

Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

2007-12-01

14

Sequencing of Candidate Chromosome Instability Genes in Endometrial Cancers Reveals Somatic Mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A  

PubMed Central

Most endometrial cancers can be classified histologically as endometrioid, serous, or clear cell. Non-endometrioid endometrial cancers (NEECs; serous and clear cell) are the most clinically aggressive of the three major histotypes and are characterized by aneuploidy, a feature of chromosome instability. The genetic alterations that underlie chromosome instability in endometrial cancer are poorly understood. In the present study, we used Sanger sequencing to search for nucleotide variants in the coding exons and splice junctions of 21 candidate chromosome instability genes, including 19 genes implicated in sister chromatid cohesion, from 24 primary, microsatellite-stable NEECs. Somatic mutations were verified by sequencing matched normal DNAs. We subsequently resequenced mutated genes from 41 additional NEECs as well as 42 endometrioid ECs (EECs). We uncovered nonsynonymous somatic mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A in, respectively, 3.7% (4 of 107), 1.9% (2 of 107), and 1.9% (2 of 107) of endometrial tumors. Overall, 7.7% (5 of 65) of NEECs and 2.4% (1 of 42) of EECs had somatically mutated one or more of the three genes. A subset of mutations are predicted to impact protein function. The co-occurrence of somatic mutations in ESCO1 and CHTF18 was statistically significant (P?=?0.0011, two-tailed Fisher's exact test). This is the first report of somatic mutations within ESCO1 and CHTF18 in endometrial tumors and of MRE11A mutations in microsatellite-stable endometrial tumors. Our findings warrant future studies to determine whether these mutations are driver events that contribute to the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer.

Price, Jessica C.; Pollock, Lana M.; Rudd, Meghan L.; Fogoros, Sarah K.; Mohamed, Hassan; Hanigan, Christin L.; Le Gallo, Matthieu; Program, NIH Intramural Sequencing Center (NISC) Comparative Sequencing; Zhang, Suiyuan; Cruz, Pedro; Cherukuri, Praveen F.; Hansen, Nancy F.; McManus, Kirk J.; Godwin, Andrew K.; Sgroi, Dennis C.; Mullikin, James C.; Merino, Maria J.; Hieter, Philip; Bell, Daphne W.

2013-01-01

15

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An overview of the industrial diamond industry is provided. More than 90 percent of the industrial diamond consumed in the U.S. and the rest of the world is manufactured diamond. Ireland, Japan, Russia, and the U.S. produce 75 percent of the global industrial diamond output. In 2000, the U.S. was the largest market for industrial diamond. Industrial diamond applications, prices for industrial diamonds, imports and exports of industrial diamonds, the National Defense Stockpile of industrial diamonds, and the outlook for the industrial diamond market are discussed.

Olson, D. W.

2001-01-01

16

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Statistics on the production, consumption, cost, trade, and government stockpile of natural and synthetic industrial diamond are provided. The outlook for the industrial diamond market is also considered.

Olson, D. W.

2003-01-01

17

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of the 1999 Industrial Minerals Review. A review of the state of the global industrial diamond industry in 1999 is presented. World consumption of industrial diamond has increased annually in recent years, with an estimated 500 million carats valued between $650 million and $800 million consumed in 1999. In 1999, the U.S. was the world's largest market for industrial diamond and was also one of the world's main producers; the others were Ireland, Russia, and South Africa. Uses of industrial diamonds are discussed, and prices of natural and synthetic industrial diamond are reported.

Olson, D. W.

2000-01-01

18

Aircraft Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aircraft industry plays a critical role in today's global economy. Comprising a wide array of firms supplying various products and services to a diverse and dynamic customer base, this industry represents a compelling case study from three distinct pe...

B. Braley D. Bereda F. M. Al Garni J. Bojarski J. Spicer

2007-01-01

19

Food Industry  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Shell Egg Producer Registration; Reportable Food Registry for Industry; Acidified and Low-Acid Canned Foods. -. -. Items of Interest. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/resourcesforyou/industry

20

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of the 2003 industrial minerals review. Supply and demand data for industrial diamond are provided. Topics discussed are consumption, prices, imports and exports, government stockpiles, and the outlook for 2004.

Olson, D. W.

2004-01-01

21

Pharmaceutical industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Energy Consumption Guide shows the results of a survey of the UK Pharmaceutical Industry undertaken in 1992 in conjunction with the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI). The survey was questionnaire based and the companies who re...

1993-01-01

22

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Estimated 2011 world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.45 billion carats. During 2011, natural industrial diamonds were produced in more than 20 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond was produced in at least 13 countries. About 98 percent of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in China, Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States. China is the world's leading producer of synthetic industrial diamond followed by Russia and the United States.

Olson, D. W.

2012-01-01

23

Industrial Microbiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an overview of the field of industrial microbiology, providing historical backgrounds of scientific discoveries in the field and descriptions of industrially important microorganisms. Applied research in industry is also detailed, with mention of gene amplification, DNA recombination, pharmaceutical approaches, and detoxification and…

Demain, Arnold L.; Solomon, Nadine A.

1981-01-01

24

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2005, estimated world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was 630 million carats. Natural industrial diamond deposits were found in more than 35 countries. Synthetic industrial diamond is produced in at least 15 countries. More than 81% of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States.

Olson, D. W.

2006-01-01

25

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Estimated world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.44 billion carats in 2010. Natural industrial diamond deposits have been found in more than 35 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond is produced in at least 15 countries.

Olson, D. W.

2011-01-01

26

Industry (Biologics)  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Discontinuations; Compliance Programs (CBER); Impact of Severe Weather Conditions on Biological Products; Importing ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/resourcesforyou/industry

27

ICT Industries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page, from the Mid-Pacific Information and Communications Technology Center, provides some general background information on the different industries involved with information and communications technologies. A description of the activities involved in a variety of ICT indusries is outlined. The page also includes a number of useful links for those interested in learning more about ICT industries.

2011-10-06

28

Industrial Robots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Robots are mechanical devices that can be programmed to perform some task of manipulation or locomotion under automatic control. This paper discusses: (1) early developments of the robotics industry in the United States; (2) the present structure of the industry; (3) noneconomic factors related to the use of robots; (4) labor considerations…

Reed, Dean; Harden, Thomas K.

29

Industry Tutor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the George A. Smathers Libraries at the University of Florida, Industry Tutor offers a ten-step guide to industry intelligence. The steps begin with "Identify the Industry" and conclude with "Use the Industries Subject Guide." Each step is about a paragraph long and is filled with hyperlinked resources that will best help users complete each step. For example, Step Three, "Find Current News and In-Depth Articles about the Industry" includes links to CNNfn and dowjones.com, as well as other resources. Unfortunately, some of the resources given may only be used by University of Florida library patrons. However, the tutor does collect some of the best free online sources available and recommends ways to use them efficiently.

30

Knitting Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The knitting industry is a vast one, and this industry website is a great way to keep tabs on new and important developments in the field. The site is based in the United Kingdom, and it covers the knitting and hosiery industries by providing information about the industry's leading shows and exhibitions, along with offering a searchable buyer's guide and research reports. On the website, visitors can look at seven different key areas, including Information & Markets, Exhibitions & Shows, and Technology & Processes. This last area is quite fascinating, as it contains key updates on different facets of the history of the industry and new documents on fibers and circular knitting. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive their free weekly newsletter via email.

2012-01-01

31

Industrial ecology.  

PubMed Central

Industrial ecology addresses issues that will impact future production, use, and disposal technologies; proper use of the concept should reduce significantly the resources devoted to potential remediation in the future. This cradle-to-reincarnation production philosophy includes industrial processes that are environmentally sound and products that are environmentally safe during use and economically recyclable after use without adverse impact on the environment or on the net cost to society. This will require an industry-university-government round table to set the strategy and agenda for progress.

Patel, C K

1992-01-01

32

Industrial ecology.  

PubMed

Industrial ecology addresses issues that will impact future production, use, and disposal technologies; proper use of the concept should reduce significantly the resources devoted to potential remediation in the future. This cradle-to-reincarnation production philosophy includes industrial processes that are environmentally sound and products that are environmentally safe during use and economically recyclable after use without adverse impact on the environment or on the net cost to society. This will require an industry-university-government round table to set the strategy and agenda for progress. PMID:11607254

Patel, C K

1992-02-01

33

How To Avoid an ESCO Fiasco.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Ohio University's use of a performance contracting consultant to assist them in hiring an energy services company that could implement an energy conservation project. Why the use of consultants can prove beneficial is highlighted. (GR)

Wright, Dorothy

2000-01-01

34

How To Avoid an ESCO Fiasco.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses Ohio University's use of a performance contracting consultant to assist them in hiring an energy services company that could implement an energy conservation project. Why the use of consultants can prove beneficial is highlighted. (GR)|

Wright, Dorothy

2000-01-01

35

Industrial Lubricants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

'Industrial lubricant' gaseous, liquid and solid products cover many applications. A new systems analysis approach is used combining heterogeneous catalysis and tribochemistry. Bearing lubricant applications are discussed in terms of the bearing film thickness and tribological regimes, for liquid and solid lubricants. Compressor and vacuum pump lubricant applications are described. The various classes of hydraulic fluids for industrial applications are explained. The properties, applications and selection of various industrial lubricants for different gears are described. Steam and industrial gas turbine lubricant formulations are discussed and the effects of their degradation products, particularly for valves and filters, are presented. Metalworking lubricant applications are divided into cutting and forming operations and their actions are described. Speciality applications such as process, textile, food-grade, slideway, cylinder and wire rope lubricants are explained.

Kajdas, C.; Karpi?ska, A.; Kulczycki, A.

36

Industry Letters  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Electronic Submissions; FDAAA (Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act); ... Industry Letters, Fourth of a series of letters providing informal ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/guidances

37

Space Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. space industry is a product of Government necessity born of national security imperatives. From its inception, space has provided competitive advantages to the United States in terms of national security, national pride, and technological superio...

J. D. Estridge K. D. Biddlecombe M. Bailey P. F. Frakes R. Campos

2006-01-01

38

Industrial Lubricants  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a ‘Industrial lubricant’ gaseous, liquid and solid products cover many applications. A new systems analysis approach is used\\u000a combining heterogeneous catalysis and tribochemistry. Bearing lubricant applications are discussed in terms of the bearing\\u000a film thickness and tribological regimes, for liquid and solid lubricants. Compressor and vacuum pump lubricant applications\\u000a are described. The various classes of hydraulic fluids for industrial applications are

C. Kajdas; A. Karpinska; A. Kulczycki

2010-01-01

39

Fermentation industry  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews current literature on the fermentation industry. The reuse, recycling and recovery of by-products previously discarded as waste are mentioned, including a Swedish brewery that hopes to reduce discharge of pollutants and the production of single cell protein from a variety of fermentation wastes. The treatment of wastes to produce food substitutes and fertilizers is mentioned together with treatment methods used in distilleries, wineries and in the pharmaceutical industry. (87 References)

Irvine, R.L.

1980-06-01

40

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Estimated 2012 world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.45 billion carats. During 2012, natural industrial diamonds were produced in at least 20 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond was produced in at least 12 countries. About 99 percent of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in Belarus, China, Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States. During 2012, China was the world’s leading producer of synthetic industrial diamond followed by the United States and Russia. In 2012, the two U.S. synthetic producers, one in Pennsylvania and the other in Ohio, had an estimated output of 103 million carats, valued at about $70.6 million. This was an estimated 43.7 million carats of synthetic diamond bort, grit, and dust and powder with a value of $14.5 million combined with an estimated 59.7 million carats of synthetic diamond stone with a value of $56.1 million. Also in 2012, nine U.S. firms manufactured polycrystalline diamond (PCD) from synthetic diamond grit and powder. The United States government does not collect or maintain data for either domestic PCD producers or domestic chemical vapor deposition (CVD) diamond producers for quantity or value of annual production. Current trade and consumption quantity data are not available for PCD or for CVD diamond. For these reasons, PCD and CVD diamond are not included in the industrial diamond quantitative data reported here.

Olson, D. W.

2013-01-01

41

Industrial Energy Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Abstracts of worldwide information on all aspects of industrial efficiency, including alternate advanced industrial cogeneration, biocatalysis, ceramics, combustion, industrial energy efficiency, industrial waste, materials, materials processing, municipa...

1992-01-01

42

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

World production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 648 million carats in 2006, with 79 percent of the production coming from Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa, and the U.S. U.S. consumption was was an estimated 602 million carats, imports were over 391 million carats, and exports were about 83 million carats. About 87 percent of the industrial diamonds market uses synthetic diamonds, which are expected to become less expensive as technology improves and competition from low-cost producers increases.

Olson, D. W.

2007-01-01

43

Industrial networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remote control as well as remote supervising systems are the backbone nowadays producing systems. Both are enabled by different kind of computers and especially microcontrollers connected by different data networks. These networks, industrial networks as their common name is, differ from other data networks in at least in the following: (i) shape of traffic, (ii) available processing capabilities for data

Z. Cucej; D. Gleich; M. Kaiser; P. Planinsic

2004-01-01

44

Fermentation Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a literature review of wastes from the fermentation industry, covering publications of 1976-77. This review focuses on: (1) alcoholic beverage production; (2) pharmaceuticals and biochemicals production; and (3) biomass production. A list of 62 references is also presented. (HM)|

Grady, C. P. L., Jr.; Grady, J. K.

1978-01-01

45

Industrial Microorganisms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes industrially important yeasts, molds, bacteria, and actinomycetes. Discussed in detail are microbial products, such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, enzymes, and capsular polysaccharides. Traces the historical background of human cell culture, mentioning recombinant DNA research and hybridization of normal mammalian cells…

Phaff, Herman J.

1981-01-01

46

Industrial Microorganisms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes industrially important yeasts, molds, bacteria, and actinomycetes. Discussed in detail are microbial products, such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, enzymes, and capsular polysaccharides. Traces the historical background of human cell culture, mentioning recombinant DNA research and hybridization of normal mammalian cells…

Phaff, Herman J.

1981-01-01

47

Biotechnology Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Biotechnology is a diverse and promising industry, but it is not without challenges. The impact on our lives is already being felt, and all indications point to a future of unprecedented changes. Genetically modified (GM) organisms are being used to incre...

D. Flanagan G. Clemen G. Dodson K. D. Campbell P. Denham

2007-01-01

48

Learned Industriousness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extensive research with animals and humans indicates that rewarded effort contributes to durable individual differences in industriousness. It is proposed that reinforcement for increased physical or cognitive performance, or for the toleration of aversive stimulation, conditions rewards value to the sensation of high effort and thereby reduces effort's aversiveness. The conditioning of secondary reward value to the sensation of effort

Robert Eisenberger

1992-01-01

49

Industry perspectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This discussion addresses the question of whether or not the space industry will take up the slack in the aerospace industry that is created by budget cuts in defense. Armed forces' research has provided an invaluable base for national technological and engineering resources for aerospace companies. It is noted that the space program should maximize the country's advances in national, scientific, and technical capabilities. It is also noted that NASA has done well in a most complicated business, but that Congress has failed to make a firm commitment to NASA's plans outlined in Vision 21 (based on the Augustine report) as evidenced by the Congressional reactions to NASA's budget requests. International cooperation and competition are discussed as well as the need for a political concensus on the direction of the space program in the U.S.

Fuqua, Don; Hannemann, Tim; Iacobellis, Sam F.; Young, A. Thomas

50

Industry Collaboration  

Cancer.gov

The goal of the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) is to facilitate the process of bringing promising, novel, investigational anticancer and anti-HIV agents to the public as quickly and as safely as possible. CTEP offers a unique combination of resources and expertise to assist an Industry Collaborator in clinical development of new therapeutic agents and the ability to evaluate investigational agents in a wide variety of tumor types and disease settings.

51

[Industrial fluorosis].  

PubMed

43 potroom workers (aluminium industry) with fluorosis have been compared with 18 foundry workers of the same age, but who had never been exposed to fluorides. Clinical examination revealed a higher incidence of articular pain and limitation of motion in the exposed group. The diagnosis of fluorosis is not only clinical but calls for other investigations such as urinary fluoride determination, bone radiology and, above all, bone biopsy for fluoride determination, histology and microradiography. PMID:1013712

Boillat, M A; Baud, C A; Lagier, R; Donath, A; Dettwiler, W; Courvoisier, B

1976-12-11

52

Industrial robot  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper addresses the design and development of a four degree of freedom industrial manipulator, with three liner axes in the positioning mechanism and one rotary axis in the orientation mechanism. The positioning mechanism joints are driven with dc servo motors fitted with incremental shaft encoders. The rotary joint of the orientation mechanism is driven by a stepping motor. The manipulator is controlled by an IBM 386 PC/AT. Microcomputer based interface cards have been developed for independent joint control. PID controllers for dc motors have been designed. Kinematic modeling, dynamic modeling, and path planning have been carried out to generate the control sequence to accomplish a given task with reference to source and destination state constraints. This project has been sponsored by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, New Delhi, and has been executed in collaboration with M/s Larsen & Toubro Ltd, Mysore, India.

Prakashan, A.; Mukunda, H. S.; Samuel, S. D.; Colaco, J. C.

1992-11-01

53

Development of Jail Industries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tables of Contents: Introduction; Project overview; Summary of survey findings; Profile of sites with industry operations; Planned industry initiatives; Development potential for jail industries; Conclusion; Footnotes; Appendix A.; Appendix B. and List of...

R. C. Grieser T. M. Crawford G. S. Funke

1985-01-01

54

Professors and Industry Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes backgrounds of geophysics graduates that are desired for employment by industry. Also listed are areas in which industry could help universities concerning the development of programs to meet the future manpower needs in industry. (BR)

Sheriff, Robert E.

1974-01-01

55

Peruvian Fishing Industry, 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fishing sector has traditionally been one of the country's most important industries. The industry did relatively well in 1989, despite the many problems experienced. Inefficiency, corruption and poor economic policies have weakened the industry drama...

J. Fourquet

1991-01-01

56

Energy conservation in industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book discusses combustion and heat recovery, engines and batteries, and applications and technologies. Some of the topics covered include: energy-saving technologies; heat exchangers, fluidized bed exchangers, industrial heat pumps; fluidized bed combustion; waste heat recovery; orc machines and cascading; engines and flywheels; new types of engines; advanced batteries; fuel cell; chemical industry and catalysis; metallurgy; textile industry; food industry;

A. S. Strub; H. Ehringer

1984-01-01

57

Environment Industry, Industry Study, Spring 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The members of the 2008 Industrial College of the Armed Forces Environment Industry Study (EIS) evaluated a wide range of environmental issues that have implications for U.S national security in the complex, globalized economy. EIS determined that the gro...

D. Diamantopoulos J. Florey L. Fagan M. Banavige S. Fernandez

2008-01-01

58

Developing an energy efficiency service industry in Shanghai  

SciTech Connect

The rapid development of the Chinese economy over the past two decades has led to significant growth in China's energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Between 1980 and 2000, China's energy consumption more than doubled from 602 million to 1.3 billion tons of coal-equivalent (NBS, 2003). In 2000, China's GHG emissions were about 12% of the global total, ranked second behind only the US. According to the latest national development plan issued by the Chinese government, China's energy demand is likely to double again by 2020 (DRC, 2004), based on a quadrupling of its gross domestic product (GDP). The objectives of the national development plan imply that China needs to significantly raise the energy efficiency of its economy, i.e., cutting the energy intensity of its economy by half. Such goals are extremely ambitious, but not infeasible. China has achieved such reductions in the past, and its current overall level of energy efficiency remains far behind those observed in other developed economies. However, challenges remain whether China can put together an appropriate policy framework and the institutions needed to improve the energy efficiency of its economy under a more market-based economy today. Shanghai, located at the heart of the Yangtze River Delta, is the most dynamic economic and financial center in the booming Chinese economy. With 1% of Chinese population (13 million inhabitants), its GDP in 2000 stood at 455 billion RMB yuan (5% of the national total), with an annual growth rate of 12%--much higher than the national average. It is a major destination for foreign as well as Chinese domestic investment. In 2003, Shanghai absorbed 10% of actual foreign investment in all China (''Economist'', January 17-23, 2004). Construction in Shanghai continues at a breakneck pace, with an annual addition of approximately 200 million square foot of residential property and 100 million square foot of commercial and industrial space over the last 5 years. It is one reason that China consumed over 60% of the world's cement production in 2003 (NBS 2004). Energy consumption in Shanghai has been growing at 6-8% annually, with the growth of electricity demand at over 10% per year. Shanghai, with very limited local energy resources, relies heavily on imported coal, oil, natural gas, and electricity. While coal still constitutes over half of Shanghai's energy consumption, oil and natural gas use have been growing in importance. Shanghai is the major market for China's West to East (natural gas) Pipeline (WEP). With the input from WEP and off-shore pipelines, it is expected that natural gas consumption will grow from 250 million cubic meters in 2000 to 3000-3500 million cubic meters in 2005. In order to secure energy supply to power Shanghai's fast-growing economy, the Shanghai government has set three priorities in its energy strategy: (1) diversification of its energy structure, (2) improving its energy efficiency, and (3) developing renewable and other cleaner forms of energy. Efficiency improvements are likely to be most critical, particularly in the near future, in addressing Shanghai's energy security, especially the recent electricity shortage in Shanghai. Commercial buildings and industries consume the majority of Shanghai's, as well as China's, commercial energy. In the building sector, Shanghai has been very active implementing energy efficiency codes for commercial and residential buildings. Following a workshop on building codes implementation held at LBNL for senior Shanghai policy makers in 2001, the Shanghai government recently introduced an implementation guideline on residential building energy code compliance for the downtown area of Shanghai to commence in April, 2004, with other areas of the city to follow in 2005. A draft code for commercial buildings has been developed as well. In the industrial sector, the Shanghai government started an ambitious initiative in 2002 to induce private capital to invest in energy efficiency improvements via energy management/services companies (EMC/ESCOs). In partic

Lin, Jiang; Goldman, Charles; Levine, Mark; Hopper, Nicole

2004-02-10

59

Industrial Demand for Energy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The characteristics of industrial demand for energy are examined. The report focuses on four topics: Interfuel substitution in two-digit industries; substitution among energy, capital and labor; technical change in energy use; and dynamic structure of ene...

R. Halvorsen

1977-01-01

60

Guidance for Industry  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text VersionPage 1. Guidance for Industry Diabetes Mellitus: Developing Drugs ... Page 2. Guidance for Industry Diabetes Mellitus: Developing Drugs ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

61

The World Oil Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|America's domestic petroleum industry and the international industry have been dominated by seven major firms. Although production costs decreased, sale prices soared with developing political-corporate interrelationships. (MR)|

Rand, Christopher T.

1976-01-01

62

Biotechnology Industry, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States leads the world in biotechnology, centered on genetic engineering at the cellular or molecular level, a process which applies across a range of products in diverse industries, just as computer engineering does. The biotech industry is be...

2006-01-01

63

News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The American news media industry is characterized by two competing dynamics -- traditional journalistic values and market demands for profit. Most within the industry consider themselves to be journalists first. In that capacity, they fulfill two key role...

D. Bagnati H. Ferguson J. Seng R. Girven S. Herr

2006-01-01

64

Guidance for Industry  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text VersionGuidance for Industry Pharmacokinetics in Pregnancy — Study Design, Data Analysis, ... Guidance for Industry Pharmacokinetics in Pregnancy — ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

65

2004 Environment Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The environmental industry occupies a strategic position at the crossroads of security, stability, and prosperity. The industry's goods and services have significant implications for the welfare of individuals and the activities of governments. Unfortunat...

J. R. Cawthorne M. J. Carroll C. S. Chesnutt B. Fidrych S. Gotman

2004-01-01

66

Guidance for Industry  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionGuidance for Industry Aerosol Steroid Product Safety Information in Prescription Drug ... Page 2. Guidance for Industry Aerosol Steroid Product Safety ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

67

METHANE: INDUSTRIAL SOURCES  

EPA Science Inventory

The chapter provides qualitative information on the magnitude of industrial sources of methane and, where possible, provides information to allow the reader to quantify methane emissions. One difficulty in quantifying methane emissions from industry is the inconsistent treatment ...

68

Industry tackles offshore decommissioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of issues still remain unresolved concerning the oil and gas industry`s plans for decommissioning offshore production equipment, especially in deeper waters. Some options preferred by the industry are: deepwater disposal; creation of artificial reefs; and partial removal to more than 85 ft of water depth and leaving the remaining structure in place. The complicating factor for these scenarios

Moritis

1997-01-01

69

Industry Studies 2004: Biotechnology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States is the world leader in all aspects of the biotechnology industry and biotechnology is quickly becoming a major industrial player in the United States and globally. The biotech arena touches multiple facets of a number of industries: medi...

J. E. Goldberg H. Dorsey P. Bartone B. Ortman P. Ashcraft

2004-01-01

70

Hoover's Online: Industry Snapshots  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The comprehensive company information database Hoover's Online profiles over 40 industries from adult entertainment and airlines to movies, restaurants, and tobacco at the Industry Snapshots site. The snapshots describe key companies and current trends, and a jargon section clarifies industry-specific terms.

71

Industrialization and Infant Mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

On average, infant mortality rates are lower in more industrialized nations, yet health and mortality worsened during early industrialization in some nations. This study examines the effects of growing manufacturing employment on infant mortality across 274 Indonesian districts from 1985 to 1995, a time of rapid industrialization. Compared with cross-national studies we have a larger sample size of regions, more

Maya Federman; David I. Levine

2005-01-01

72

The Industrious Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the long eighteenth century, new consumer aspirations combined with a new industrious behavior to fundamentally alter the material cultures of northwest Europe and North America. This 'industrious revolution' is the context in which the economic acceleration associated with the Industrial Revolution took shape. This study explores the intellectual understanding of the new importance of consumer goods as well as

Jan de Vries

73

Robotics and Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Robots are becoming increasingly common in American industry. By l990, they will revolutionize the way industry functions, replacing hundreds of workers and doing hot, dirty jobs better and more quickly than the workers could have done them. Robotics should be taught in high school industrial arts programs as a major curriculum component. The…

Edmison, Glenn A.; And Others

74

Industrial energy conservation technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents the papers given at a conference which examined energy conservation in industrial plants. Topics considered at the conference included the economics of cogeneration, energy conservation techniques, heat recovery systems, energy retrofits, energy management systems in buildings, energy conservation in the textile industry, energy conservation in the telecommunications industry, alternative energy sources, efficient techniques for heating and cooling

1983-01-01

75

Industry Sector Analysis Mexico: Machinery Beverage Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market survey covers the beverage processing machinery market in Mexico. For the purpose of the report, the beverage industry is divided into three main sectors: soft drinks, beer, and wines and liquors. The analysis contains statistical and narrative...

1991-01-01

76

Industry`s turnaround looks real  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the industry outlook for North American gas and oil industries. In a robust Canada, land sales are setting records, drilling is up, and output is rising beyond last year`s 21% growth. A perception among US operators that wellhead prices will remain stable is translating to increased spending. The USA, Canada, Mexico, Cuba are evaluated separately, with brief evaluations of Greenland, Guatemala, Belize, and Costa Rico. Data are presented on drilling activities.

NONE

1997-08-01

77

Nursing assessment in industry.  

PubMed Central

In order to be able to offer nursing service to industry, a community health agency must have some knowledge of the industry and the daily problesm faced by both management and worker. The nursing process can serve as a framework for the gathering of necessary information and planning of sound care. The five-step nursing process, which includes assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation, is discussed and annotated model Assessment Guide for Nursing in Industry is given (Appendix A). The six areas from which information should be gathered when assessing an industry are the following: I. The community in which the industry is located: II. The industry, its historical development, policies, and projections; III. The plant or physical structure; IV. The working population; V. The industrial process of the plant; VII. The existing health program. Once the assessment is completed and a diagnosis formulated, services can be offered based on specific, defined needs.

Serafini, P

1976-01-01

78

Opportunities in the industrial biobased products industry.  

PubMed

Approximately 89 million metric t of organic chemicals and lubricants, the majority of which are fossil based, are produced annually in the United States. The development of new industrial bioproducts, for production in stand-alone facilities or biorefineries, has the potential to reduce our dependence on imported oil and improve energy security. Advances in biotechnology are enabling the optimization of feedstock composition and agronomic characteristics and the development of new and improved fermentation organisms for conversion of biomass to new end products or intermediates. This article reviews recent biotechnology efforts to develop new industrial bioproducts and improve renewable feedstocks and key market opportunities. PMID:15054239

Carole, Tracy M; Pellegrino, Joan; Paster, Mark D

2004-01-01

79

Industrial Assessment Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Dayton (UD) performed energy assessments, trained students and supported USDOE objectives. In particular, the UD Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) performed 96 industrial energy assessment days for mid-sized manufacturers. The average identified and implemented savings on each assessment were $261,080 per year and $54,790 per year. The assessments served as direct training in industrial energy efficiency for 16

J. Kelly Kissock; Becky Blust

2007-01-01

80

Heat pumps for industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research activities, both in the laboratory and in the field, confirm that heat pumps can improve energy efficiency and productivity for a multitude of process types. By using heat pumps, process industries can save significant amounts of energy and money and successfully control emissions. Those industries with special needs, such as recovering solvents, can meet them more energy efficiently and cost effectively with heat pumps. Through the years, the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) has helped industry solve its energy problems by joining in cooperative agreements with companies willing to do the research. The companies involved in these agreements share the costs of the research and benefit directly from the technology developed. OIT then has information from demonstration projects that it can pass on to others within industry. All the projects described in this brochure were joint ventures between DOE and industry participants. OIT will assist in accelerating the use of heat pumps in the industrial marketplace by continuing to work with industry on research and demonstration projects and to transfer research results and project performance information to the rest of industry. Successfully transferring this technology could conserve as much as 1.5 quads of energy annually at a savings of more than $4 billion at today's prices.

1991-09-01

81

The Nuclear Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Content: Raw fuel materials; Materials processing and fabrication; Nuclear components and equipment; Reactors; Radioisotopes; Materials reprocessing; Plowshare; Services; Assistance for industry at AEC field offices. (Author)

1966-01-01

82

Uranium industry annual, 1986  

SciTech Connect

Uranium industry data collected in the EIA-858 survey provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of annual activities of the industry and include some information about industry plans over the next several years. This report consists of two major sections. The first addresses uranium raw materials activities and covers the following topics: exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment. The second major section is concerned with the following uranium marketing activities: uranium purchase commitments, uranium prices, procurement arrangements, uranium imports and exports, enrichment services, inventories, secondary market activities utility market requirements and related topics.

Not Available

1987-10-09

83

Industrial Outlook Report: Fishing Industry - Portugal, 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Portugal's accession to the European Community (EC) in 1986 has continued to produce a certain instability in the fishing industry. Portugal's fisheries catch amounted to 313,804 metric tons (t) in 1988, compared to 312,700 t in 1987. In 1988, Portugal im...

F. Andrade

1989-01-01

84

Industrial Outlook Report: Fishing Industry 1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Chilean fishing industry has been the fastest-growing sector in the national economy during the past 10 years, growing at an average annual rate of 12.7 percent. The country's fishery has grown seven times greater than the growth rate of the gross dom...

C. Capurro

1986-01-01

85

Measuring industrial energy savings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurate measurement of energy savings from industrial energy efficiency projects can reduce uncertainty about the efficacy of the projects, guide the selection of future projects, improve future estimates of expected savings, promote financing of energy efficiency projects through shared-savings agreements, and improve utilization of capital resources. Many efforts to measure industrial energy savings, or simply track progress toward efficiency goals,

J. Kelly Kissock; Carl Eger

2008-01-01

86

Internationalizing Industrial Organization Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests ways of increasing the international focus of industrial organization courses. Discusses four areas of international topics that could be integrated into such courses. Includes imperfect markets, trade, and industrial policy; theory of the firm; exchange rates and market behavior; and issues in antitrust. Evaluates the extent and…

Chapman, Margaret

1992-01-01

87

Development of solar industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many solar industries, including solar heating and cooling, photovoltaics, higher-temperature solar-thermal, wind energy and the use of ocean thermal. All may be characterized as basic solar technologies, whether used for thermal or electrical applications. In addition, the use of ''biomass'' as fuel or as a source of fuel (alcohol) and hydroelectric power are often included. Each ''industry'' has

Butt

1980-01-01

88

2010 Training Industry Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Now in its 29th year, The Industry Report is recognized as the training industry's most trusted source of data on budgets, staffing, and programs. This year, the study was conducted by an outside research firm in June-August 2010, when members from the "Training" magazine database were e-mailed an invitation to participate in an online survey.…

Training, 2010

2010-01-01

89

Huntington Industrial Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

Huntington Industrial Park in Olneyville had kept industry nearby, but when Gorham Manufacturing Company left the area Olneyville lost importance as a freight rail hub. Further, Route 10 was constructed, physically separating the West End from the rest of the city.

Chet Smolski

1985-01-01

90

Entertainment Industry Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The entertainment industry is one of the largest sectors of the U.S. economy and is in fact becoming one of the most prominent globally as well, in movies, music, television programming, advertising, broadcasting, cable, casino gambling and wagering, publishing performing arts, sports, theme parks, toys and games. The eighth edition of Entertainment Industry Economics differs from its predecessors by inclusion

Harold L. Vogel

91

Industrial Relations in Gujarat  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes the various organizational, social economic and political factors which contributed to the emergence and development of trade unionism in the banking industry. The structure of unionism in this industry is examined in the background of the generate trend of the trade union movement in India. The problem of multiplicity of unions and rivalries among them is discussed

Sheth N R

92

Rebuilding America's Industrial Strength  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It's no secret within the academic or manufacturing communities that community colleges are the nation's training ground for industrial-skilled trade careers. But outside community college classrooms and industrial plants, many people are in the dark about the growing numbers of these often-well-paid and in-demand jobs. This article introduces…

Community College Journal, 2011

2011-01-01

93

Is Industrial Advertising Sexist?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial advertising has been heavily criticized for its sexist portrayal of women. This article reports the results of an analysis of nearly 5,000 advertisements which show an improving depiction of women. The incidence of sexist industrial advertising is declining.

Nancy A. Reese; Thomas W. Whipple; Alice E. Courtney

1987-01-01

94

Geothermal industry assessment  

SciTech Connect

An assessment of the geothermal industry is presented, focusing on industry structure, corporate activities and strategies, and detailed analysis of the technological, economic, financial, and institutional issues important to government policy formulation. The study is based principally on confidential interviews with executives of 75 companies active in the field. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-07-01

95

Generic Drug Industry Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of its unique institutional and regulatory features, the generic drug industry provides a useful laboratory for understanding how competition evolves. We exploit these features to estimate a system of structural relationships in this industry, including the relationship between price and the number of competitors, and between drug characteristics and the entry process. Our methodology yields a number of findings

David Reiffen; Michael R. Ward

2005-01-01

96

Generic Drug Industry Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Because of its unique institutional and regulatory features, the generic drug industry provides a useful laboratory for understanding how competition evolves within a market. We exploit these features to estimate asystem of structural relationships in this industry, including the relationship between price and the number of competitors, and between drug characteristics and the entry process. Our methodology yields a

David Reiffen; Michael Robert Ward

2003-01-01

97

Handbook of industrial robotics  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers on the application of artificial intelligence to robots used in industrial plants. Topics considered include vision systems, elements of industrial robot software, robot teaching, the off-line programming of robots, a structured programming robot language, task-level manipulator programming, expert systems, and the role of the computer in robot intelligence.

Nof, S.Y.

1985-01-01

98

Wanted! Industrial Hygienists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to increased pressure (for example, from the Occupational Safety and Health Act) to create healthier/safer worker environments, the number of industrial hygienist positions has increased. Compares the need to the demand. Examines industrial hygienist salary ranges, expected educational background, job opportunities, and training program…

Stilkind, Jerry

1979-01-01

99

Foundry Industry Training Committee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Foundry Industry Training Committee has encouraged the foundry industry in developing systematic manpower training and development programs at all levels. Features developed include competitions as a technique of standard setting, recommendations for technician training, and a widely used manpower information system. (MW)

Industrial Training Journal, 1974

1974-01-01

100

INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY INSTRUCTOR'S GUIDE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THIS LABORATORY GUIDE WAS DEVELOPED FOR AN 80-HOUR COURSE IN INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY FOR HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES TRAINING TO BECOME BEGINNING RADIOGRAPHERS. IT IS USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH TWO OTHER VOLUMES--(1) INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY INSTRUCTOR'S GUIDE, AND (2) INUDSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY MANUAL. THE PROGRAM WAS DEVELOPED BY A COMMITTEE OF…

Bureau of Adult, Vocational, and Technical Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

101

Collapse of an industry  

SciTech Connect

The author details the politics of nuclear energy in the U.S. and points out the advantages and disadvantages of various forms of industrial planning for this sector. He uses the nuclear industry as an example of how capitalism and democracy can be incompatible in some situations.

Campbell, J.L.

1988-01-01

102

Lead industries association position  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of the Lead Industries Association (LIA) position paper which represents LIA's recommended occupational health practices for industries producing or using lead and its inorganic compounds is presented. The LIA strongly recommends the use of a biological standard (particularly a blood lead standard) for protecting the workers and determining compliance with the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health

Donald R. Lynam

1975-01-01

103

Analysis of Industrial Wastewaters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A comprehensive, documented discussion of certain operating principles useful as guidelines for the analysis of industrial wastewaters is presented. Intended primarily for the chemist, engineer, or other professional person concerned with all aspects of industrial wastewater analysis, it is not to be considered as a substitute for standard…

Mancy, K. H.; Weber, W. J., Jr.

104

Uranium industry annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Industry Annual 1996 (UIA 1996) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1996 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1987 through 1996 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2006, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. A feature article, The Role of Thorium in Nuclear Energy, is included. 24 figs., 56 tabs.

NONE

1997-04-01

105

Uranium industry annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Industry Annual 1995 (UIA 1995) provides current statistical data on the U.S. uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1995 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the period 1986 through 2005 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey``. Data collected on the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1995, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1986 through 1995 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2005, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. The methodology used in the 1995 survey, including data edit and analysis, is described in Appendix A. The methodologies for estimation of resources and reserves are described in Appendix B. A list of respondents to the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is provided in Appendix C. For the reader`s convenience, metric versions of selected tables from Chapters 1 and 2 are presented in Appendix D along with the standard conversion factors used. A glossary of technical terms is at the end of the report. 14 figs., 56 tabs.

NONE

1996-05-01

106

Bridging the gaps in industry evolution: Solar photovoltaic industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The solar photovoltaic (PV) industry has potential to offer significant opportunities for investors, manufacturers and technology adopters. However, there are technological, market, and institutional forces that have slowed the industry’s emergence and limited the contribution of PV electricity. This paper uses interviews with industry experts and company directors to show a framework for understanding technology\\/industry evolution. The contributions of this

Gregory Theyel; Glen Taylor; Paul Heffernan

2011-01-01

107

Industrial process surveillance system  

DOEpatents

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy. 96 figs.

Gross, K.C.; Wegerich, S.W.; Singer, R.M.; Mott, J.E.

1998-06-09

108

Exploiting industrial robotics  

SciTech Connect

Advances in robotic technologies reflected in commercially available and demonstrated capabilities provide exceptional alternatives to the designer of new and upgraded production processes. This paper discusses the states of the art of these technologies, describes some of the research and application engineering which has extended and exploited these capabilities, and provides some conceptual synthesis of advanced robotics and other industrial automation to hypothetical nuclear industry/laboratory tasks. Nuclear industry applications are oriented upon tasks in hazardous and contaminating environments and with hazardous materials.

Sievers, R.H. (Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (USA))

1990-06-01

109

INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS: Literature and Taxonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Industrial symbiosis, as part of the emerging field of industrial ecology, demands resolute attention to the flow of materials and energy through local and regional economies. Industrial symbiosis engages traditionally separate industries in a collective approach to competitive advantage involving physical exchange of materials, energy, water, and\\/or by-products. The keys to industrial symbiosis are collaboration and the synergistic possibilities

Marian R. Chertow

2000-01-01

110

Information and Communications Technology Industry: Spring 2007 Industry Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Information & Communications Technology (ICT) industry provides enabling capability for all major industries. The US ICT industry leads the world but must overcome several near-term challenges if it hopes to retain its global leadership. Some of the k...

A. Govil D. Doe J. Duncan R. Bezwada W. Adamson

2007-01-01

111

Fertilizer Industry in Jordan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report reviews the industrial recovery of the dead sea minerals, the production of potash, the infrastructure required for it, marketing, and future projects there. It goes on to discuss Jordan's geology and ore reserves, mining, ore processing, and ...

H. Deranieh I. Jallad H. Sha'sha'a

1984-01-01

112

Coal Industry Annual, 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coal Industry Annual 1996 provides comprehensive information about U.S. coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. U.S. coal production for 1996 and previous years is based on the ann...

1996-01-01

113

Prefabrication for Industrial Construction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The correct design of industrial buildings is demanding the elaboration of all details in regard of their economy, technology, architecture, etc., and in addition the consideration of the economical and political aims in connection with the establishment ...

E. Csorba

1975-01-01

114

Industrial Noise: Potentiating Interactions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using a 5-day exposure paradigm to produce an asymptotic threshold shift, measurements were taken of preexposure and postexposure hearing thresholds for 94 chinchillas. The exposures were designed to be realistic for industrial environments containing bot...

W. A. Ahroon

1988-01-01

115

Arms Industry limited  

SciTech Connect

The intent of this study is to give an overview of the present state of the world arms industry. It is an empirical account of the size of the industry and particularly its present problems. The authors examine the economic pressures that affect the international arms trade. Specifically, it raises the question of how dependent the industry is on weapons production and exports, and whether there are any alternatives. Export dependence of the major weapons producing countries is a major focus. The book focus`s on private industry as opposed to examination of national governments. Despite the passing of the Cold War and some brief post-Gulf War euphoria about the possibility of greater restrain on the part of weapons exporters, the conventional arms trade is alive and well, albeit with new variations.

Wulf, H. [ed.

1993-12-31

116

Industrial Demand Module  

EIA Publications

Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

Kelly Perl

2013-09-30

117

Peruvian Fishing Industry, 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Peruvian fishing sector is an export-oriented industry concentrating primarily on fishmeal. Peru exports 90 percent of it's fishmeal. Before nationalization and a particularly devastating 'El Nino' in 1972, Peru was one of the world's foremost fishing...

M. B. Long

1990-01-01

118

University-Industry Interaction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is posited that university industry interaction is highly desirable from the viewpoint of the long term economic development of the country as well as being desirable for the Space Grant Programs. The present and future possible interactions are review...

D. E. Hastings

1990-01-01

119

An Industrial Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the commercial uses, industrial production and laboratory production of 2-methylpentane-2,4-diol. Suggests extensions for the experiment in the areas of boiling point/composition curves and alkaline depolymerization. (GS)

Daniels, D. J.; And Others

1975-01-01

120

GUIDANCE FOR INDUSTRY  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... billion, global company serving the health-care industry with products ... Original Sparkling Natural Mineral Water Fortified With Natural Gas From The ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

121

Alaska's Mineral Industry, 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Alaska's mineral industry experienced positive growth during 1989, especially in the hard-rock mining and exploration sectors, but suffered declines in mineral development expenditures, in sand-and-gravel, and in stone production. Overall value of mineral...

T. K. Bundtzen R. C. Swainbank J. R. Deagen J. L. Moore

1990-01-01

122

Guidance for Industry  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS ... on how industry can best fulfill the ... Overall, the largest increase has been in the ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

123

Guidance for Industry  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... June 1997 CP 2 Page 2. Guidance for Industry Expiration Dating and Stability Testing of Solid Oral Dosage Form ... June 1997 CP 2 Page 3. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

124

Guidance for Industry  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... industry discusses (1) what should be contained in separate marketing applications and ... Products to be marketed as both a racemic mixture and a ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

125

Guidance for Industry  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... Office of Training and Communication Division of Drug Information, HFD-240 ... industry to adopt modern and innovative manufacturing technologies. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/...

126

Industry Collaboration — Model Agreements  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Home | Investigator Resources | Protocol Development | Initiatives/Programs/Collaborations | Links to More Resources | Funding Opportunities | About CTEP Home | Sitemap | Contact CTEP Search this site Industry Collaborations CTEP Home CTEP

127

Borates in Industrial Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boron compounds find extensive use in a wide range of industrial applications, nearly all involving boron-oxygen compounds.\\u000a Although quite diverse, these end uses depend on the same fundamental aspects of the structure and bonding patterns of boron.\\u000a The most important industrial uses of boron compounds are discussed along with recent develop- ments in the understanding\\u000a of fundamental chemistry of crystalline

David M. Schubert

128

Industry costs of equity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates of the cost of equity for industries are imprecise. Standard errors of more than 3.0% per year are typical for both the CAPM and the three-factor model of Fama and French (1993). These large standard errors are the result of(i) uncertainty about true factor risk premiums and (ii) imp ecise estimates of the loadings of industries on the risk

Eugene F. Fama; Kenneth R. French

1997-01-01

129

The Search Engine Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter we present the main trends in the search engine industry. Being such industry technology based, its dynamics\\u000a can be assessed by applying theories such as (a) dominant design, (b) complementary assets, (c) product and service architecture\\u000a and (d) disruptive technologies. We dedicate the first section of this chapter to reviewing such literature and explaining\\u000a how to apply

Tommaso Buganza; Emanuele Della Valle

2009-01-01

130

Ethics and Industrial Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of nanotechnology seems inevitable, for it alone would be able to solve or circumvent the huge difficulties to be faced by industrial and post-industrial societies, in both their private and their public aspects, and including the ageing population and its expectations with regard to health, the evolution of the climate, pollution, the management of food resources and raw materials, access to drinking water, control of energy production and consumption, equitable and sustainable development, etc.

Bernard, Daniel

131

Mask industry assessment: 2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name mask technology and mask supply issues of cost and cycle time as top issues of concern. A survey was initiated in 2002 with support from International SEMATECH (ISMT) and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition.1 This paper presents the results of the second annual survey which is an enhanced version of the inaugural survey building upon its strengths and improving the weak points. The original survey was designed with the input of member company mask technologists, merchant mask suppliers, and industry equipment makers. The assessment is intended to be used as a baseline for the mask industry and the microelectronics industry to gain a perspective on the technical and business status of the critical mask industry. An objective is to create a valuable reference to identify strengths and opportunities and to guide investments on critical-path issues. As subsequent years are added, historical profiles can also be created. This assessment includes inputs from ten major global merchant and captive mask manufacturers representing approximately 80% of the global mask market (using revenue as the measure) and making this the most comprehensive mask industry survey ever. The participating companies are: Compugraphics, Dai Nippon Printing, Dupont Photomask, Hoya, IBM, Infineon, Intel, Taiwan Mask Company, Toppan, and TSMC. Questions are grouped into five categories: General Business Profile Information; Data Processing; Yields and Yield loss Mechanisms; Delivery Time; and Returns and Services. Within each category are a multitude of questions that create a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the mask industry.

Kimmel, Kurt R.

2003-12-01

132

Spectroradiometry in industrial safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aspects of industrial safety related to the use and the production of artificial radiation sources are treated with emphasis on UV radiation. Application of artificial radiation sources, whereby the radiation is used in the working process or is present as a perturbation, are outlined. Biological action functions and radiation thresholds for industrial safety are discussed. Spectral and integral measuring methods and apparatus are presented. Examples of measurements performed at workplaces exposed to radiation are given.

Ott, Guenter; Schreiber, Paul

1986-10-01

133

Industrial graphene metrology.  

PubMed

Graphene is an allotrope of carbon whose structure is based on one-atom-thick planar sheets of carbon atoms that are densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice. Its unique electrical and optical properties raised worldwide interest towards the design and fabrication of future electronic and optical devices with unmatched performance. At the moment, extensive efforts are underway to evaluate the reliability and performance of a number of such devices. With the recent advances in synthesizing large-area graphene sheets, engineers have begun investigating viable methodologies for conducting graphene metrology and quality control at industrial scales to understand a variety of reliability issues including defects, patternability, electrical, and physical properties. This review summarizes the current state of industrial graphene metrology and provides an overview of graphene metrology techniques. In addition, a recently developed large-area graphene metrology technique based on fluorescence quenching is introduced. For each metrology technique, the industrial metrics it measures are identified--layer thickness, edge structure, defects, Fermi level, and thermal conductivity--and a detailed description is provided as to how the measurements are performed. Additionally, the potential advantages of each technique for industrial use are identified, including throughput, scalability, sensitivity to substrate/environment, and on their demonstrated ability to achieve quantified results. The recently developed fluorescence-quenching metrology technique is shown to meet all the necessary criteria for industrial applications, rendering it the first industry-ready graphene metrology technique. PMID:22538861

Kyle, Jennifer Reiber; Ozkan, Cengiz S; Ozkan, Mihrimah

2012-04-27

134

Industrial graphene metrology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graphene is an allotrope of carbon whose structure is based on one-atom-thick planar sheets of carbon atoms that are densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice. Its unique electrical and optical properties raised worldwide interest towards the design and fabrication of future electronic and optical devices with unmatched performance. At the moment, extensive efforts are underway to evaluate the reliability and performance of a number of such devices. With the recent advances in synthesizing large-area graphene sheets, engineers have begun investigating viable methodologies for conducting graphene metrology and quality control at industrial scales to understand a variety of reliability issues including defects, patternability, electrical, and physical properties. This review summarizes the current state of industrial graphene metrology and provides an overview of graphene metrology techniques. In addition, a recently developed large-area graphene metrology technique based on fluorescence quenching is introduced. For each metrology technique, the industrial metrics it measures are identified - layer thickness, edge structure, defects, Fermi level, and thermal conductivity - and a detailed description is provided as to how the measurements are performed. Additionally, the potential advantages of each technique for industrial use are identified, including throughput, scalability, sensitivity to substrate/environment, and on their demonstrated ability to achieve quantified results. The recently developed fluorescence-quenching metrology technique is shown to meet all the necessary criteria for industrial applications, rendering it the first industry-ready graphene metrology technique.

Kyle, Jennifer Reiber; Ozkan, Cengiz S.; Ozkan, Mihrimah

2012-06-01

135

OCT for industrial applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical coherence tomography (OCT), as an interferometric method, has been studied as a distance ranger. As a technology capable of producing high-resolution, depth-resolved images of biological tissue, OCT had been widely used for the application of ophthalmology and has been commercialized in the market today. Enlightened by the emerging research interest in biomedical domain, the applications of OCT in industrial inspection were rejuvenated by a few groups to explore its potential for characterizing new materials, imaging or inspecting industrial parts as a service solution[3]. Benefiting from novel photonics components and devices, the industrial application of the older concepts in OCT can be re-visited with respect to the unique performance and availability. Commercial OCT developers such as Michelson Diagnostics (MDL; Orpington, U.K.) and Thorlabs (Newton, NJ) are actively exploring the application of OCT to industrial applications and they have outlined meaningful path toward the metrology application in emerging industry[3]. In this chapter, we will introduce the fundamental concepts of OCT and discuss its current and potential industrial applications.

Song, Guiju; Harding, Kevin

2012-11-01

136

2001 Industry Studies: Financial Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The US financial services industry is an important contributor to the economic power of the nation. The industry is in excellent health - well capitalized, dynamic, and innovative. Recent legislative changes have altered the structure of the industry by a...

N. M. Heimbaugh W. G. Polowitzer E. C. Blakeman S. E. Gamero S. S. Maloney

2001-01-01

137

NEMS industrial module documentation report  

SciTech Connect

The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2010) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of output of industrial activity. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

Not Available

1994-01-01

138

Industrial Section Convenor's Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the years this conference has gained a solid reputation as an appropriate rostrum for illustrating new concepts in the relations between industry and the scientific world and for introducing new technologies to a large assistance of junior and more experienced scientists. In fact, from the very beginning the founders of this endeavour announced: "The conference is aimed for promoting contacts among scientists involved in particle and fundamental physics, among experimental physicists in other fields and representatives from industry." Facilities at the Conference are designed to fulfil the task: space and general facilities are offered to industry representatives to display their products. This year a more accessible and luminous space arrangement was made available to the exhibitors. At the same time two plenary sessions have been dedicated to selected speakers to illustrate new trends in Technology Transfer, analysis of environment affecting our community, examples of historical successes in the merging of science and industry. We have identified in "GRID" and in "E-Publishing" two major promising areas where our Community will play a prime role as "User" and it was of the general interest to have them illustrated by two personalities directly involved in their development. The flow of knowledge is of course more massive from "Industry" to "Science" than vice-versa, but "Science" to "Industry" move offers an intensive added value. The technology transfer concept with the "Patents" as fund raising tool proved less glorious than expected. Trademark, licensing agreement and " Patents" can assure intellectual properties. But patent is an issue to be used cautiously. Evidence exists that much more efficient transfer of "Science" knowledge to "Economy" is achieved by venture capital move and start-up companies. These two facets of the Technology Transfer business have been covered by Routti's and Bourgeois's lectures.There are two examples of Companies who moved recently into the areas of interest of our community (Hourdakis and Intrasoft) and the examples of an Industry historically committed to a strong R&D effort (SAES-Getters). Finally a case of involvement of industry in a "Big Science" project (CMS) completed the palette of the contributions to this Industry Section. The full set of transparencies of the lectures, are filed and made available at the conference site: .

Barone, M.; Riboni, P.

2002-11-01

139

PACS industry in Korea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PACS industry in Korea has been rapidly growing, since government had supported collaborative PACS project between industry and university hospital. In the beginning, PACS industry had focused on developing peripheral PACS solutions, while the Korea PACS society was being formed. A few companies had started developing and installing domestic large-scale full-PACS system for teaching hospitals. Several years later, many hospitals have installed full-PACS system with national policy of reimbursement for PACS exams in November 1999. Both experiences of full-PACS installation and national policy generated tremendous intellectual and technological expertise about PACS at all levels, clinical, hospital management, education, and industrial sectors. There are now more than 20 domestic PACS companies. They have enough experiences which are capable of installing a truly full-PACS system for large-scale teaching hospitals. As an example, a domestic company had installed more than 40 full-PACS systems within 2-3 years. Enough experiences of full-PACS installation in Korea lead PACS industry to start exporting their full-PACS solutions. However, further understanding and timely implementation of continuously evolving international standard and integrated healthcare enterprise concepts may be necessary for international leading of PACS technologies for the future.

Kim, Hee-Joung

2002-05-01

140

Doctors and pharmaceutical industry.  

PubMed

The pharmaceutical industry is seen as seducing doctors by providing expensive gifts, subsidising travel and underwriting practice expenses in return for those doctors prescribing products that otherwise they would not use. This paints doctors in a very negative light; suggests doctors are available to the highest bidder; implies doctors do not adequately act as independent agents; and that doctors are driven more by self-interest than by patient needs. Similar practices, in other industries, are accepted as normal business behaviour but it is automatically assumed to be improper if the pharmaceutical industry supports doctors. Should the pharmaceutical industry withdraw educational grants then there would be: fewer scientific meetings; reduced attendance at conferences; limited post graduate education; and a depreciated level of maintenance of professional standards. To suggest that doctors prescribe inappropriately in return for largesse maligns their integrity but where there is no scientific reason to choose between different treatments then there can be little argument against selecting the product manufactured by a company that has invested in the doctor and the question arises as to whether this represents bad medicine? This paper will examine what constitutes non-professional conduct in response to inducements by the pharmaceutical industry. It will review: conflict of interest; relationships between doctors and pharma and the consequences for patients; and the need for critical appraisal before automatically decrying this relationship while accepting that there remain those who do not practice ethical medicine. PMID:20157968

Beran, Roy G

2009-09-01

141

Science and Industry Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of a number of Websites offered by the Australian Commonwealth Government, the Science and Industry Portal, like its cousins, the Agriculture Gateway and the Business Entry Point, offers easy access to a wealth of government information and agencies. The site is divided into two main sections, one for science-oriented resources, the other for resources devoted to technology. Within each section, numerous subsections (e.g., directories and databases, policy, intellectual property) and brief annotations make it easy to drill down to find relevant sites (external sites open in a new browser window). The Science and Industry Portal should be a boon to researchers and industry professionals who work in (or are interested in working in) Australia as well as those living elsewhere who want information on the state of their industry sector or research interests in Australia. Plans are to expand the range of the site as funds become available. Links to the business and agriculture portals are available off of the front page of the Science and Industry Portal.

2001-01-01

142

Food industry scoping study  

SciTech Connect

This Scoping Study provides an analysis of market and economic forces affecting food industry manufacturing processes, and the current and potential role of electrotechnologies in improving productivity and competitiveness. The research and development activities of food trade associations and research institutions are examined. EPRI-sponsored activities and utility programs affecting food industry customers are reviewed. These analyses indicate that significant opportunities exist for the application of various electrotechnologies in most food processing sectors. Due to the processing methods, energy use characteristics and industry growth trends, the dairy, fruit and vegetables, grain and beverage processing sectors present the most promising applications. However, not all of this potential is being effectively tapped. utilities need better-defined programs to help their food industry customers identify efficient energy utilization options and technologies. The appropriate use of electrotechnologies could help improve food industry productivity, processing efficiency and product quality. This Scoping Study recommends the establishment of an EPRI food electrotechnology office. The office will work with affiliated organizations in major food processing regions to design education and technical support, R D and technology transfer programs for EPRI-member utilities. 24 figs., 23 tabs.

Not Available

1990-03-01

143

Industrial Assessment Center Program  

SciTech Connect

The work described in this report was performed under the direction of the Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) at University of Texas at Arlington. The IAC at The University of Texas at Arlington is managed by Rutgers University under agreement with the United States Department of Energy Office of Industrial Technology, which financially supports the program. The objective of the IAC is to identify, evaluate, and recommend, through analysis of an industrial plant’s operations, opportunities to conserve energy and prevent pollution, thereby reducing the associated costs. IAC team members visit and survey the plant. Based upon observations made in the plant, preventive/corrective actions are recommended. At all times we try to offer specific and quantitative recommendations of cost savings, energy conservation, and pollution prevention to the plants we serve.

Dr. Dereje Agonafer

2007-11-30

144

Introduction to Electronics Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Work-Ready Electronics, a project of the Advanced Technological Education program, this module walks visitors through the basic of the electronics industry, including different industry categories, and the overall process that moves the industry along. There is a quiz to test what students learned in the module in the Knowledge Probe section, and the Learning Resources section contains two activities to help cement student understanding. There are also further resources - both print and Web based - for more information and a Knowledge Game, which consists of a crossword reiterating the material covered. The Notebook function allows visitors to take notes and review them at any time. This is an excellent resource for introductory electronics classes, or for students just entering electronics technician programs.

2008-09-04

145

Emulsified industrial oils recycling  

SciTech Connect

The industrial lubricant market has been analyzed with emphasis on current and/or developing recycling and re-refining technologies. This task has been performed for the United States and other industrialized countries, specifically France, West Germany, Italy and Japan. Attention has been focused at emulsion-type fluids regardless of the industrial application involved. It was found that emulsion-type fluids in the United States represent a much higher percentage of the total fluids used than in other industrialized countries. While recycling is an active matter explored by the industry, re-refining is rather a result of other issues than the mere fact that oil can be regenerated from a used industrial emulsion. To extend the longevity of an emulsion is a logical step to keep expenses down by using the emulsion as long as possible. There is, however, another important factor influencing this issue: regulations governing the disposal of such fluids. The ecological question, the respect for nature and the natural balances, is often seen now as everybody's task. Regulations forbid dumping used emulsions in the environment without prior treatment of the water phase and separation of the oil phase. This is a costly procedure, so recycling is attractive since it postpones the problem. It is questionable whether re-refining of these emulsions - as a business - could stand on its own if these emulsions did not have to be taken apart for disposal purposes. Once the emulsion is separated into a water and an oil phase, however, re-refining of the oil does become economical.

Gabris, T.

1982-04-01

146

From rumen to industry.  

PubMed

The rumen is one of the most complicated and most fascinating microbial ecosystems in nature. A wide variety of microbial species, including bacteria, fungi and protozoa act together to bioconvert (ligno)cellulosic plant material into compounds, which can be taken up and metabolized by the ruminant. Thus, the rumen perfectly resembles a solution to a current industrial problem: the biorefinery, which aims at the bioconversion of lignocellulosic material into fuels and chemicals. We suggest to intensify the studies of the ruminal microbial ecosystem from an industrial microbiologists point of view in order to make use of this rich source of organisms and enzymes. PMID:22963386

Sauer, Michael; Marx, Hans; Mattanovich, Diethard

2012-09-10

147

From rumen to industry  

PubMed Central

The rumen is one of the most complicated and most fascinating microbial ecosystems in nature. A wide variety of microbial species, including bacteria, fungi and protozoa act together to bioconvert (ligno)cellulosic plant material into compounds, which can be taken up and metabolized by the ruminant. Thus, the rumen perfectly resembles a solution to a current industrial problem: the biorefinery, which aims at the bioconversion of lignocellulosic material into fuels and chemicals. We suggest to intensify the studies of the ruminal microbial ecosystem from an industrial microbiologists point of view in order to make use of this rich source of organisms and enzymes.

2012-01-01

148

Industrial linguistic control  

SciTech Connect

The use of various types of controllers and control techniques for industrial process is discussed. An ongoing research and development project is reported on the application of intelligent linguistic controllers to processes in the cement industry in Greece which have, in the past, been controllable only by human operators. Prototype linguistic controllers using fuzzy logic have been implemented and tested on a rotary kiln precalciner flash furnace (3-input 3-output) and on a cement mill separator (3-input 2-output) with good results. Originally implemented on a supervisory minicomputer, the algorithms have been transferred to microcomputers which form the heart of this class of intelligent linguistic controllers. 6 references.

King, R.E.; Karonis, F.

1983-01-01

149

Industrial Ecology and Global Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book describes how humankind can more fully industrialize our society without overwhelming the Earth's natural systems. In the five main parts of this book, contributors discuss the industrialization of society; the main natural systems cycles; toxic chemicals in the environment; industrial ecology in firms; and policy-making with respect to industrial ecology. The book will appeal to professionals in a

R. Socolow; C. Andrews; F. Berkhout; V. Thomas

1996-01-01

150

Industrial battery technologies and markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial battery market segments generally fall into two major categories--traction batteries, also called motive power batteries; and stationary batteries, also referred to as standby power batteries. The major industrial battery subcategories are discussed. Industrial trucks and rail and mine vehicles represent two major subcategories of motive power batteries. Industrial trucks include forklifts, automated guided vehicles (AGVs), various types of towing

C. W. Seitz

1994-01-01

151

Turning industry visions into reality  

SciTech Connect

This brochure outlines the activities of the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) in the Department of Energy. OIT activities are aimed at industry adoption of energy-efficient, pollution-reducing technologies and include research and development on advanced technologies, financing, technical assistance, information dissemination, education, and bringing together industry groups, universities, National Laboratories, states, and environmentalists. OIT`s core initiative is to facilitate partnerships within seven materials and process industries: aluminum, chemicals, forest products, glass, metalcasting, petroleum refining, and steel industries.

NONE

1997-01-01

152

New York Restaurant Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research profiles the New York City restaurant industry response to a dramatic drop in business volume following the September 11th terrorist attack. Limited accessibility to the neighborhoods around the site of the World Trade Center challenged restaurants and other businesses to respond and survive the crisis. Through in-depth personal interviews with 14 restaurateurs, we compare the New York City

Claudia G. Green; Pat Bartholomew; Suzanne Murrmann

2004-01-01

153

Strategizing in industrial networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the implications for strategizing offered by an industrial network perspective and a comparison of this view with strategic management thinking. We argue that it is crucial for a company to relate its activities to those of other firms in order to enhance its performance, and it is through the continuous combining and recombining of

Lars-Erik Gadde; Lars Huemer; Håkan Håkansson

2003-01-01

154

Competing For industry Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this presentation the UK Minister for Energy and Industry discusses the energy policy of the UK since the Government changed. He considers energy demand, sustainability and climate change. The UK strategy for sustainable development is set out in the p...

J. Battle

1998-01-01

155

Genetic-supply industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The genetic-supply industry (GSI), providing seed and breeding stock, has expanded with the improved efficiency of species and the value added to seeds. Over 8 billion worth of genetic material is consumed in the US each year. New market growth will occur if farmers can be persuaded to purchase seeds rather than growing their own. Plant breeders concentrate on increasing

2009-01-01

156

Manufacturing (Industrial) Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains 35 units to consider for use in a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of manufacturing (industrial) technician. All the units listed will not necessarily apply to every situation or tech prep consortium, nor will all the competencies within each unit be appropriate. Several units appear within each specific…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

157

Industry Report 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2001 industry report details the formal training activity of U.S. organizations with 100 or more employees. Data were collected from 1,652 usable responses from a pool of 3,873 qualified candidates (42.7%). The report depicts annual expenditures on employee training, training methods, and who controls, benefits from, and delivers training.…

Galvin, Tammy

2001-01-01

158

RETRAINING BY PRIVATE INDUSTRY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SEVERAL SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA COMPANIES WERE EXAMINED FOR SPECIFIC PROGRAMS FOR DISPLACED EMPLOYEES. ARMOUR AND COMPANY SOUGHT TO GUIDE DISPLACED EMPLOYEES TO CLASSES OR COURSES OF ACTION OUTSIDE ITS OWN SPHERE OF OPERATION. LOCKHEED HAS PROVIDED UNUSUALLY WELL FOR UPGRADING AND RETRAINING, MAINLY BECAUSE OF INDUSTRY FLUCTUATIONS AND RAPID…

HOOS, IDA R.

159

European Hemp Industry 2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents results from market surveys conducted by the European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA) in 2001, 2002 and 2003 on hemp production, processing and products. In 2003, the area under hemp cultivation in the European Union (EU) has reached 18,000 ha. The average yield of dry hemp stalks was 6 t\\/ha in 2001 and 2002. Seventy percent to 80%

Michael Karus

2004-01-01

160

Oklahoma Forest Industries, 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oklahoma supplied 73 million cu ft of roundwood to forest industries in 1978, an increase of 13 percent since 1972, and 35 percent since 1975 (fig. 1). Pine made up four-fifths of the total. Sawlogs and pulpwood were the major products, accounting for 81 ...

J. G. Jones V. A. Rudis

1978-01-01

161

Industrial Radiography Instructor's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The curriculum guide was developed for teacher use in an 80-hour course for industrial radiographers. The units include: (1) The Structure of Matter and Radiation, (2) Nuclear Reactions and Radioisotopes, (3) The Nature and Consequences of Radiation Exposure, (4) Radiation Attenuation, (5) Absorption of Radiation, (6) Radiation Detection and…

Richardson, Harry D.

162

Education for industrial ecology.  

PubMed Central

The societal issues relevant to the subject of industrial ecology call for the participation of broadly educated engineers who can integrate their technology with the social, political, environmental, and economic aspects of its applications. This increase in the responsibility of traditional engineering to include the end-use, obsolescence, and disposition of technical products signals a new era for engineering education.

Starr, C

1992-01-01

163

Working with Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As community colleges focus on becoming more efficient and preparing more students for success in a climate of reduced state and federal funding, many institutions are reaching out to neighbors in business and industry, forming partnerships and working together to achieve goals that require money and resources colleges are unlikely to raise on…

Ullman, Ellen

2012-01-01

164

Economics of industrial innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author explores the relationship of industrial innovation and economic development in terms of economic investment in new processes and materials, the effects of technology on firm size, and the role of public policy in fostering technology and stimulating employment. Each of these areas is treated in a separate section. Excerpts from The Measurement of Scientific and Technical Activities appears

C. Freeman

1982-01-01

165

The Earthscan Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spurred by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) technological advances, a budding industry is manufacturing equipment and providing services toward better management of earth's resources. Topics discussed include image processing, multispectral photography, ground use sensor, and weather data receiver. (Author/JN)

Aviation/Space, 1982

1982-01-01

166

PV Technology - Industry update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an industrial update on the development of Photovoltaic (PV) Technology. It highlights the three major current types of PV: Crystalline, Thin Film and Nanotechnology. The aim of the development in PV technology is to improve the efficiency of the cells while reducing the production cost of the modules. This variety of PV technologies is still under development

L. El Chaar; L. A. Lamont; N. Elzein

2010-01-01

167

Industrial Education. "Small Engines".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part of a series of curriculum guides dealing with industrial education in junior high schools, this guide provides the student with information and manipulative experiences on small gasoline engines. Included are sections on shop adjustment, safety, small engines, internal combustion, engine construction, four stroke engines, two stroke engines,…

Parma City School District, OH.

168

An Industry Redefined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activities in 2006 pointed to strategic shifts in library automation. The dynamics of the business environment changed rapidly from a fragmented industry to a highly consolidated one. Though the integrated library system (ILS) continues to represent the largest portion of revenue, products that deal with electronic content and deliver better…

Breeding, Marshall

2007-01-01

169

Prioritizing Industrial Chemical Hazards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the approach used to develop a prioritized list of toxic and hazardous industrial chemical hazards considered to pose substantial risk to deployed troops and military operations. The U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine published the prioritized list in November 2003. The work was performed as part of a multinational military effort supported by Canada,

Veronique D. Hauschild; Gary M. Bratt

2005-01-01

170

Robotics applications for industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is an indepth introduction to the basic concepts and techniques for the use of robotics technology in manufacturing and industrial applications, with a special section on motor vehicle manufacture. Contents: Robotics Technology-Basic Concepts; Robot Configuration; Sensors; Tooling; Work Station Integration; Application information; Robotics in Motor Vehicle Manufacture; Current Applications; Future Trends; Impacts of Robots.

L. L. Toepperwin; W. R. Tanner; W. F. Adolfson

1983-01-01

171

Building an industrial desktop  

SciTech Connect

The personal computer has had a profound effect on access to information for engineers throughout industry. Nevertheless, the information systems needed to run a complex CPI plant such as a refinery have not changed: operations management, maintenance, crisis management, warehouse, engineering, laboratory, business, and scheduling, among others. Various control or data processing systems are currently used to manage these data needs, but computer technology and business economics are unifying these requirements into one, all-encompassing system--the industrial desktop computer. The industrial desktop is an evolving concept, but at this stage, several components are clear: it is based on personal computers, or workstations that are compatible with these computers; it has ready access both to plant-floor data (the conventional purpose of process control computers) as well as a variety of business applications and telecommunications capabilities; and it makes use of the software conventions centered around Microsoft Corp. (Redmond, Wash.). The paper discusses implementation of desktop applications in the chemical industry.

Kennedy, J.P. [Oil Systems, Inc., San Leandro, CA (United States)

1996-01-01

172

Industrial power distribution  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a broad overview of industrial power distribution. Primary focus will be on selection of the various low voltage components to achieve the end product. Emphasis will be on the use of national standards to ensure a safe and well designed installation.

Sorrells, M.A.

1990-01-01

173

Health Care Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although the overwhelming majority of Americans claim they are satisfied with the quality of health care they as individuals receive, many nevertheless believe the U.S. health care industry suffers from major problems. Reining in the growing costs of heal...

B. Calhoun D. W. Butt M. Black R. Allen W. Bray

2007-01-01

174

Conservation in industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The power of fuel price to promote efficient utilization is illustrated ; by some fuel conservation measures in industrial plants. Fixing broken windows ; and closing doors during loading are simple examples. Some technical measures ; cited are insulating watercooled skid rails used to convey material through a ; heat-treating furnance, recapturing stack gas heat from a radiant fired tube

C. A. Berg

1974-01-01

175

Industrial cogeneration optimization program  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this program was to identify up to 10 good near-term opportunities for cogeneration in 5 major energy-consuming industries which produce food, textiles, paper, chemicals, and refined petroleum; select, characterize, and optimize cogeneration systems for these identified opportunities to achieve maximum energy savings for minimum investment using currently available components of cogenerating systems; and to identify technical, institutional, and regulatory obstacles hindering the use of industrial cogeneration systems. The analysis methods used and results obtained are described. Plants with fuel demands from 100,000 Btu/h to 3 x 10/sup 6/ Btu/h were considered. It was concluded that the major impediments to industrial cogeneration are financial, e.g., high capital investment and high charges by electric utilities during short-term cogeneration facility outages. In the plants considered an average energy savings from cogeneration of 15 to 18% compared to separate generation of process steam and electric power was calculated. On a national basis for the 5 industries considered, this extrapolates to saving 1.3 to 1.6 quads per yr or between 630,000 to 750,000 bbl/d of oil. Properly applied, federal activity can do much to realize a substantial fraction of this potential by lowering the barriers to cogeneration and by stimulating wider implementation of this technology. (LCL)

Not Available

1980-01-01

176

Air Pollution and Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is an authoritative reference and practical guide designed to help the plant engineer identify and solve industrial air pollution problems in order to be able to meet current air pollution regulations. Prepared under the editorial supervision of an experienced chemical engineer, with each chapter contributed by an expert in his field,…

Ross, R. D., Ed.

177

Industrial Arts with Modifications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Guidelines and modifications which have proved helpful when working with handicapped students in industrial arts programs are presented based on the experience of the Human Resources Center (New York), a private nonprofit organization which has offered vocational training to numerous severely handicapped students for fifteen years. (BM)|

Worrall, John D.; Mrowka, Linda

1978-01-01

178

Water Pollution Control Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A special report on the state of the water pollution control industry reveals that due to forthcoming federal requirements, sales and the backlogs should increase; problems may ensue because of shortages of materials and inflation. Included are reports from various individual companies. (MLB)|

Environmental Science and Technology, 1974

1974-01-01

179

Industrial Ceramics: Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The expanding use of ceramic products in today's world can be seen in the areas of communications, construction, aerospace, textiles, metallurgy, atomic energy, and electronics. The demands of science have brought ceramics from an art to an industry using mass production and automated processes which requires the services of great numbers as the…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

180

Industrial Radiography Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This text was developed for use by students in an 80-hour course for industrial radiographers. Chapter headings are: (1) The Structure of Matter, (2) Radiation and Radiation Machines, (3) Nuclear Reactions and Radioisotopes, (4) Interaction of Radiation with Matter, (5) Radiation Detection and Measurement, (6) The Nature and Consequences of…

Richardson, Harry D.

181

Industrial Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook contains a competency-based curriculum for teaching industrial education in Alaska. Competencies are listed for the following areas: employability, auto maintenance, building maintenance, commercial fishing, communications, construction, drafting, electronics, energy and power, forestry and logging, graphics, high technology,…

Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau. Div. of Adult and Vocational Education.

182

Industrial Education Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide was developed as a supplement to the Alaska Department of Education's industrial education curriculum. The special topics included in it focus on competencies from the curriculum for which materials were not readily available to Alaskan teachers and provide information that may not be sufficiently covered by existing curricula. Each…

Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau. Div. of Adult and Vocational Education.

183

Ethics for Industrial Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper takes aim at one specific, as well as basic, need in teamwork and interdisciplinary projects--ethics and its implications for professional practice. A preliminary study suggests that students majoring in industrial technology degree programs may not have adequate opportunity to formally study and engage in ethical aspects of technology…

Rosentrater, Kurt A.; Balamuralikrishna, Radha

2005-01-01

184

The Cruising Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview is presented of the growth of the global cruise industry, as well as the current demand and supply situation. Also highlighted are the major cruise lines, cruise destinations and cruise products. The economic, social and environmental impacts of cruise tourism are then discussed, as well as the heightened interest in, and practice of, security and safety in the

Ross Dowling

2006-01-01

185

NASA and Industrial Property  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes and powers of the National Aeronautics and Space Act are described briefly, particularly as they affect the electronics industry, as an introduction to a more extended discussion of the provisions of the Act relating to patent rights and rights to trade secrets and proprietary information generally. The stringent nature of the latter provisions is stressed, and adverse effects

Hyman Hurvitz

1960-01-01

186

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS — A \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that the way we teach, research and practise organizational psychology, and teach others to do so, is based on the erroneous assumption that we exist in non-unionised environments. The influence of union membership on behaviour in organizations is illustrated, the neglect of industrial relations by organizational psychologists documented, and the need for attitudinal, behavioural and ideological change

JULIAN BARLING

1988-01-01

187

Steel Industry Wastes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a literature review of wastes from steel industry, covering publications of 1976-77. This review covers: (1) coke production; (2) iron and steel production; (3) rolling operations; and (4) surface treatment. A list of 133 references is also presented. (NM)|

Schmidtke, N. W.; Averill, D. W.

1978-01-01

188

Coal Industry Annual, 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coal Industry Annual 2000 provides comprehensive information about U.S. coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. U.S. coal production for 1998 and later are based on the U.S. Depart...

2000-01-01

189

Competing for Industrial Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this presentation, the Executive Vice President of Statoil gives his thoughts on (1) the changing world economy, (2) the need to focus on long term developments, (3) the energy industry in the centre of global change, (4) the changing company, and (5) ...

J. N. Vold

1998-01-01

190

Aerospatiale Industrial Thermal Plasmas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Work carried out on nontransferred plasma torches of 2, 4, and 0.8 MW to be used in metallurgic, iron making, casting foundry, and environment industrial plants is described. The plants operation, the plasma system behavior, and the main process' results ...

M. Labrot

1991-01-01

191

Industrial Turbine Fans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Westinghouse Corp. & R &D Center's development of blades of an advanced controllable-pitch axial fan used in electrical power generation was aided by four computer programs supplied by COSMIC. Programs helped determine sensitivity of large industrial turbines and fans to particular matter such as dust and ash which can cause erosion. Programs also helped substantially reduce developmental costs.

1980-01-01

192

Geothermal industry assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Focus is on industry structure, corporate activities and strategies, and detailed analysis of the technological, economic, financial, and institutional issues important to government policy formulation. The study is based principally on confidential interviews and with executives of 75 companies active in the field.

1980-07-01

193

Industrial heat exchangers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents the papers given at a symposium on the use of heat exchangers in the industrial plants. Topics considered include the US DOE and GRI research programs, advanced fixed boundary heat exchanger technology, commercial heat exchanger applications, thermo-hydraulic performance of heat-transfer equipment, field tests, the corrosion of heat exchanger materials, economics, cost benefit analysis, payback, and advanced assembly

A. J. Hayes; W. W. Liang; S. L. Richlen; E. S. Tabb

1985-01-01

194

Industrial Education. "Small Engines".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series of curriculum guides dealing with industrial education in junior high schools, this guide provides the student with information and manipulative experiences on small gasoline engines. Included are sections on shop adjustment, safety, small engines, internal combustion, engine construction, four stroke engines, two stroke engines,…

Parma City School District, OH.

195

Gas-industry economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The attachment of major offshore gas reserves in the Gulf of Mexico provides a classic example of the competitive environment in a highly regulated industry. A study of how five major corporations organized their economic resources of money, men and machines to meet a social need affords insights into the nature and purpose of regulatory processes. This paper deals with

Adkisson

1978-01-01

196

The Earthscan Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Spurred by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) technological advances, a budding industry is manufacturing equipment and providing services toward better management of earth's resources. Topics discussed include image processing, multispectral photography, ground use sensor, and weather data receiver. (Author/JN)|

Aviation/Space, 1982

1982-01-01

197

Federal Prison Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

UNICOR, the trade name for Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (FPI), is a government-owned corporation that employs offenders incarcerated in correctional facilities under the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). UNICOR manufactures products and provides services that are sold to executive agencies in the federal government. FPI was created to serve as a means for managing, training, and rehabilitating inmates in the

Nathan James

2007-01-01

198

Guidance for Industry  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... as an estimate of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR ... refer to the draft guidance for industry on General ... The in vitro data and/or the filter clearance rate ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

199

Filtration in Industrial Hygiene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Filters used in industrial hygiene are of two basic types, corresponding with the two basic airborne hazards: particulate and vapor. They are as different in their construction as they are in their purpose, and each gives negligible protection against the other hazard. By use of the correct type, adequate filtration efficiency can usually be achieved. Most particulate filters are made

Richard C. Brown

2001-01-01

200

Outflanking the Rankings Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author argues that American higher education is allowing itself to be held hostage by the rankings industry, which can lead institutions to consider actions harmful to the public interest and encourage the public's infatuation with celebrity at the expense of substance. Instead of sitting quietly by during the upcoming…

McGuire, Patricia

2007-01-01

201

Industrial Education Safety Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California is one of the few states in which school districts have a legal responsibility for accidents involving students while they are participating in assigned school activities. This guide was prepared to help school administrators and teachers evaluate their safety instruction programs and industrial education facilities in accordance with…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

202

Industrial heat pump assessment study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes preliminary studies that assess the potential of industrial heat pumps for reduction of process heating requirements in industries receiving power from the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). This project was initiated at the request of BPA to determine the potential of industrial heat pumps in BPA's service area. Working from known heat pump principles and from a list of BPA's industrial customers, the authors estimated the fuel savings potential for six industries. Findings indicate that the pulp and paper industry would yield the greatest fuel savings and increased electrical consumption. Assessments presented in this report represent a cooperative effort between The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), and Battelle-Northwest Laboratories.

Chappell, R. N.; Priebe, S. J.; Wilfert, G. L.

1989-03-01

203

Coal industry annual 1997  

SciTech Connect

Coal Industry Annual 1997 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. US Coal production for 1997 and previous years is based on the annual survey EIA-7A, Coal Production Report. This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report includes a national total coal consumption for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

204

Alcohol Industry & Policy Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems maintains the Alcohol Industry & Policy Database, which contains bibliographic citations and abstracts for more than 13,000 articles and news stories on the alcohol beverage industry, alcohol policy, and the prevention of alcohol-related problems. The citations in the database span from 1991 to the present and are updated monthly. Users may conduct cross-field queries of the database by keywords, subject headings, company name, and publication date. The search facility includes Word Wheels, which are interactive Java applets that help users to identify indexed terms quickly, thereby "eliminat[ing] trial-and-error searching [and] produc[ing] more accurate searches."

Problems., Marin I.

205

Industrially scalable nucleoside synthesis  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

An industrially scalable two-step process for preparing a .beta.-L-2'-deoxy-nucleoside that results in a predominance of the .beta.- over the .alpha.-anomeric form of the compound is described. An optional third step may be used to prepare 3'-prodrugs of desirable .beta.-L-2'-deoxy-nucleosides for the delivery of these pharmaceuticals effective for treating viral diseases. The synthetic process is applicable in particular to the formation of .beta.-L-2'-deoxy-cytidine, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or prodrug thereof. The process can provide a relatively uncontaminated product that may require no further isolation or purification, thereby making the synthesis easily scalable for industrial manufacture.

2009-09-29

206

Dysmenorrhea in industrial workers.  

PubMed

In two Norwegian industrial companies 234 women of menstruating age were examined by the industrial nurse with regard to menstrual complaints. Every second woman experienced pain, 23% had consulted a doctor previously, about 30% had to stay in bed, and about 30% had been absent from work recently due to dysmenorrhea. Although pain was prevalent in all age groups, there were age-specific differences in other complaints, such as headache and depression, which were more frequent among the older women. In a selected group of 32 women with severe complaints, the history and gynecological examination indicated secondary dysmenorrhea in only a few cases. Hormonal assays and endometrial biopsy indicated anovulatory cycles in 4 out of 12 women, in spite of dysmenorrhea. PMID:1163218

Bergsjo, P; Jenssen, H; Vellar, O D

1975-01-01

207

Coal industry annual 1993  

SciTech Connect

Coal Industry Annual 1993 replaces the publication Coal Production (DOE/FIA-0125). This report presents additional tables and expanded versions of tables previously presented in Coal Production, including production, number of mines, Productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. This report also presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for a wide audience including the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In addition, Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility Power Producers who are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. This consumption is estimated to be 5 million short tons in 1993.

Not Available

1994-12-06

208

The Nuclear Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the nuclear industry is to pro-duce energy in the forms of heat from either fission reactions or radioactive decay and radiation from radioactive decay or by accelerator methods. For fission heat applications, the nuclear fuel has a very high specific energy content that currently has two principal uses, for military explosives and for electricity generation. As higher temperature reactors become more widely available, the high temperature heat (>900°C) will also be useful for making chemicals such as hydrogen. For radiation applications, the emissions from radioactive decay of unstable nuclides are employed in research, medicine, and industry for diagnostic purposes and for chemical reaction initiation. Radioactive decay heat is also employed to generate electricity from thermoelectric generators for low-power applications in space or remote terrestrial locations.

Congedo, Tom; Lahoda, Edward; Matzie, Regis; Task, Keith

209

Industrial Analytics Corporation  

SciTech Connect

The lost foam casting process is sensitive to the properties of the EPS patterns used for the casting operation. In this project Industrial Analytics Corporation (IAC) has developed a new low voltage x-ray instrument for x-ray radiography of very low mass EPS patterns. IAC has also developed a transmitted visible light method for characterizing the properties of EPS patterns. The systems developed are also applicable to other low density materials including graphite foams.

Industrial Analytics Corporation

2004-01-30

210

Industrial and Marine Engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The industrial single cylinder diesel engine has a history steeped in tradition, which extends from the first operable diesel\\u000a engine in 1897 up to today’s versatile, air-cooled, small single cylinder diesel engine. It is now only designed as a four-stroke\\u000a engine, primarily in the small diesel engine segment, because of its low manufacturing costs relative to output, low fuel\\u000a consumption,

Günter Kampichler; Heiner Bülte; Franz Koch; Klaus Heim

211

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

This article is the `Industry Briefs` portion of Nuexco`s July 1992 `Recent Developments` section. Specific items mentioned include: (1) the merger of Entergy and Gulf States Utilities, (2) restart of the Sequoyah Fuels facility in Oklahoma, (3) development of the 7th and 8th nuclear units in Taiwan, (4) purchase of interest in Rio Algom, Ltd, and (5) acquisition of the Italian firm AGIP by a Canadian company.

NONE

1992-07-01

212

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

This article is the `Industry briefs` portion of Nuexco`s May 1992 `Recent Developments` section. Specific items mentioned in this article include: (1) record operation of St. Lucie-2, (2) restart of Sequoyah Fuels` Gore, Oklahoma facility, (3) collaboration between Cogema and CEA, (4) utility mergers in Sweden, and (5) withdrawal of Northern States Power`s subsidiary (NRG Group) from the nuclear fuels market.

NONE

1992-05-01

213

Energy industries abroad  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relationships between foreign governments and energy industries in many of the world's most important energy producing and consuming nations are examined. The history of hydrocarbon exploration and production is traced and the concessionary and other contractual arrangements entered into by foreign governments and international oil companies are reviewed. Petroleum legislation that was enacted, how government institutions gradually assumed more responsibility for energy matters, and how the former concessionaires adapted to accommodate this increased government participation in the energy sector is described.

1981-09-01

214

Micro Industry Equipments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advanced states of art of MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) technology have been applied to micro industry equipments. These are electrostatically levitated ring rotor gyroscope and micro energy source for self moving machines like robots, maintenance systems used in narrow spaces, components for multi-column electron beam lithography and multi-probe data storage, micro gas control systems, micro/nano mold, micro contactor and thermal RF relay for LSI testing and nano-instruments which performs high sensitivity and spatial resolution.

Esashi, Masayoshi; Ono, Takahito; Tanaka, Shuji

215

Wine Industry Residues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wine industry produces a substantial quantity of organic residues that are both highly polluting and costly to treat.\\u000a These residues are mainly carbohydrate-rich organics such as sugars and cellulose, which are biodegradable and naturally rich\\u000a in nutrients, making them suitable substrates for biotechnological production. This chapter briefly introduces potential utilization\\u000a of winery residues for production of bioenergy and biomaterials

Bo Jin; Joan M. Kelly

216

Distance collaborations with industry  

SciTech Connect

The college industry relationship has been identified as a key policy issue in Engineering Education. Collaborations between academic institutions and the industrial sector have a long history and a bright future. For Engineering and Engineering Technology programs in particular, industry has played a crucial role in many areas including advisement, financial support, and practical training of both faculty and students. Among the most important and intimate interactions are collaborative projects and formal cooperative education arrangements. Most recently, such collaborations have taken on a new dimension, as advances in technology have made possible meaningful technical collaboration at a distance. There are several obvious technology areas that have contributed significantly to this trend. Foremost is the ubiquitous presence of the Internet. Perhaps almost as important are advances in computer based imaging. Because visual images offer a compelling user experience, it affords greater knowledge transfer efficiency than other modes of delivery. Furthermore, the quality of the image appears to have a strongly correlated effect on insight. A good visualization facility offers both a means for communication and a shared information space for the subjects, which are among the essential features of both peer collaboration and distance learning.

Peskin, A.; Swyler, K.

1998-06-01

217

Chemical Industry Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In March 2001, PBS aired a disturbing two-hour special hosted by Bill Moyers that explores the history of the chemical revolution of the past 50 years and how companies have long sought to withhold information from the public and their employees about the safety of many substances. The program draws on a large collection of previously secret industry documents unearthed during a ten-year lawsuit by the family of a man who died from a rare brain cancer after working at a vinyl-chloride plant. The family's lawyer eventually charged all vinyl-chloride-producing companies with conspiracy, and the discovery process brought to light hundreds of thousands of pages of documents which reveal a closely planned and well-executed campaign to limit regulation of toxic chemicals and the liability of manufacturers and to withhold important health information from all parties. A large selection of these internal documents, over 37,000 pages, is available at the Chemical Industry Archives, created by the Environmental Working Group. The site offers several essays on the archive and the industry, including a selection of some egregious examples of companies hiding or denying known health risks of their products. The archive itself may be searched by keyword with several modifiers. The documents are presented in .pdf format. This site is sure to become an extremely important resource for health activists, journalists, and the concerned public.

2001-01-01

218

Industrial College of the Armed Forces Industry Studies 2004: Biotechnology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States is the world leader in the biotechnology industry in all aspects and biotechnology is quickly becoming a major industrial player in the U.S. and globally. The biotech arena touches multiple facets of a number of industries: medicine, agr...

P. Ashcraft S. Burlingame A. L. Carter R. D. Cofer J. Elwood

2004-01-01

219

Dermatitis in rubber manufacturing industries  

SciTech Connect

This review describes the history of rubber technology and the manufacturing techniques used in rubber manufacturing industries. The important aspects of the acquisition of allergic and irritant contact dermatitis within the industry are presented for the reader.

White, I.R.

1988-01-01

220

Industry and Trade Summary: Gemstones.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a global overview of the gemstone industry and examines market trends through a unique compilation of production and trade data that is not otherwise readily available. Industry products covered include: (1) natural and cultured pearl...

1997-01-01

221

Advanced Industrial Robot Control Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes work performed during the second six month period of a grant applied to advanced industrial robot control systems. The objectives of this work are to improve the performance of current industrial robots by developing a consistent the...

R. Paul J. Luh T. Anderson J. Bender E. Berg

1979-01-01

222

Industrial Process Heat Case Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Commercially available solar collectors have the potential to provide a large fraction of the energy consumed for industrial process heat (IPH). Detailed case studies of individual industrial plants are required in order to make an accurate assessment of ...

D. W. Hooker E. K. May R. E. West

1980-01-01

223

China: Industry (Map No. 505634).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper is a map of China showing major industrial areas by tone and major industries by symbolization. Additional maps show economic regions, annual precipitation, and distribution of ethnolinguistic groups. Map scale 1:29,200,000.

1983-01-01

224

Petroleum industry. 1997 activity report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This activity report from the direction of hydrocarbons of the French general direction of energy and raw materials (ministry of economy, finances and industry) presents an economic analysis of the activities of the French petroleum industry for 1997. Aft...

1998-01-01

225

Source Category Survey: Perlite Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Background information is presented on the perlite industry for the purpose of determining the need for a new source performance standard (NSPS). The industry is surveyed and categorized by plant, process, and other factors. Information is presented on pr...

1980-01-01

226

Safety with industrial manufacturing lasers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review of British safety standards relative to lasers in the industrial workplace is presented. Classification of laser outputs according to wavelength and power and the necessary precautions to be taken when employing them in industrial production situations are examined.

Holmes, W. I.

227

Redundancy in Industrial Ethernet Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of Ethernet in industrial systems calls for appropriate solutions to the issue of communication redundancy. Industrial Ethernet networks typically have more strict network failover time requirements than their office world counterparts, thereby creating a need for new and faster redundancy protocols. This paper compares industrial Ethernet redundancy requirements to existing solutions. This shows that currently, a myriad of

Gunnar Prytz

2006-01-01

228

Technological Change in Regulated Industries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The articles in this volume discuss how well industries operating under government regulation respond to technical innovation: do the effects of regulations vary among industries, and if so, does this result from variations in the regulatory approach, the organization of the firms, or the nature of the technology? Industries considered include…

Capron, William M., Ed.

229

How can Industry Use Television?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The applications that have been discussed above are representative of the more important industrial uses which have been found for industrial television equipment in the first few years since its inception. Undoubtedly many other applications are presently hidden by security requirements and by temporary competitive advantages which the user will not reveal. The broad industrial base gained by television since

H. F. Schneider

1956-01-01

230

Enterprise Reform in Chinese Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper begins by using a structure-conduct-performance perspective to show that partial reform improved the operation of China's state industries during the 1980s. The authors review the achievements of industries outside the state sector, emphasizing their links to the state sector. The paper focuses on key defects in the industrial system related to finance and ownership; shows how the accelerated

Gary H Jefferson; Thomas G Rawski

1994-01-01

231

Aluminum: Industry of the future  

SciTech Connect

For over a century, the US aluminum industry has led the global market with advances in technology, product development, and marketing. Industry leaders recognize both the opportunities and challenges they face as they head into the 21st century, and that cooperative R and D is key to their success. In a unique partnership, aluminum industry leaders have teamed with the US Department of Energy`s Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) to focus on innovative technologies that will help to strengthen the competitive position of the US aluminum industry and, at the same time, further important national goals. This industry-led partnership, the Aluminum Industry of the Future, promotes technologies that optimize the use of energy and materials in operations and reduce wastes and energy-related emissions. Led by The Aluminum Association, industry leaders began by developing a unified vision of future market, business, energy, and environmental goals. Their vision document, Partnerships for the Future, articulates a compelling vision for the next 20 years: to maintain and grow the aluminum industry through the manufacture and sale of competitively priced, socially desirable, and ecologically sustainable products. Continued global leadership in materials markets will require the combined resources of industry, universities, and government laboratories. By developing a unified vision, the aluminum industry has provided a framework for the next step in the Industries of the Future process, the development of a technology roadmap designed to facilitate cooperative R and D.

NONE

1998-11-01

232

National Growth Industries Research Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to develop a method of identifying 'growth industries' in the economy. A list of industries evidencing high potential for minority business entry is developed, then analysis on these selected industries is made to describe in...

1981-01-01

233

The US Cruise Ship Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The cruise ship industry relates directly to many features of the natural and cultural environments. The U.S. cruise ship industry is analyzed. Discusses the size of the industry, precruise passenger liners, current cruise ships, cruise regions and routes, ports of call, major ports, passengers, and future prospects. (RM)|

Miller, Willis H.

1985-01-01

234

Industry-academic research partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research partnerships between industry and academia are grown through relationships, a desire for innovation, and opportunities for sponsorship. Relationships mature through the mobility (virtual or otherwise) of academics, graduates, and seasoned industry professionals. From an industry perspective, innovation is driven by a need to grow product portfolios, market share and rejuvenate the corporate talent pool. Academics may be more motivated

Steven Fraser; Judith Bishop; Rajarshi Gupta; Dennis Mancl; J. Christopher Ramming; Salvador Rivas

2011-01-01

235

The global theme park industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the dimensions and practices that have shaped the present global theme park industry. The reader is first introduced to the characteristics of the global theme park industry. Following a historical review of the evolution of theme parks, the paper reports on the scope of the global theme park industry, according

Ady Milman

2010-01-01

236

Wireless ethernet for industrial applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Wireless technology continues to evolve for the industrial market; however, there are several issues and challenges that must be addressed to ensure successful implementation. This paper discusses the development of wireless technology and standards and those that are currently applicable to industrial applications. Key considerations for successful implementation of industrial wireless Ethernet are presented, along with potential applications.

Richard Piggin; David Brandt

2006-01-01

237

EDITORIAL: Industrial Process Tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Industrial process tomography remains a multidisciplinary field with considerable interest for many varied participants. Indeed this adds greatly to its appeal. It is a pleasure and a privilege to once again act as guest editor for a special feature issue of Measurement Science and Technology on industrial process tomography, the last being in December 2002. Those involved in the subject appreciate the efforts of Measurement Science and Technology in producing another issue and I thank the journal on their behalf. It can be seen that there are considerable differences in the composition of material covered in this issue compared with previous publications. The dominance of electrical impedance and electrical capacitance techniques is reduced and there is increased emphasis on general utility of tomographic methods. This is encompassed in the papers of Hoyle and Jia (visualization) and Dierick et al (Octopus). Electrical capacitance tomography has been a core modality for industrial applications. This issue includes new work in two very interesting aspects of image reconstruction: pattern matching (Takei and Saito) and simulated annealing (Ortiz-Aleman et al). It is important to take advantage of knowledge of the process such as the presence of only two components, and then to have robust reconstruction methods provided by pattern matching and by simulated annealing. Although crude reconstruction methods such as approximation by linear back projection were utilized for initial work on electrical impedance tomography, the techniques published here are much more advanced. The paper by Kim et al includes modelling of a two-component system permitting an adaption-related approach; the paper by Tossavainen et al models free surface boundaries to enable the estimation of shapes of objects within the target. There are clear improvements on the previous crude and blurred reconstructions where boundaries were merely inferred rather than estimated as in these new developments. Interest in magnetic induction tomography has evolved recently and I am pleased to note the inclusion of new work in that modality by Casanova et al. Note that this work also makes full use of prior information to improve reconstruction results. A modality that is relatively new to industrial applications is featured by Holstein et al, namely acoustic tomography. The novelty is provided by using measurements of the speed of sound in gas (air) to identify temperature distributions. Two well chosen applications illustrate the technique. Hard-field tomography, that is the modalities of x-ray and gamma-ray tomography, has always been of interest for some industrial applications. Often this has been for the high resolution of reconstructions available with these techniques, but there application has been restricted due to concerns about use of ionizing radiation. Cattle et al include an application to a process where the material to be imaged is a gamma emitter, i.e. only passive sources are used. The novelty here is that both source and attenuation information is used concurrently to obtain reconstructions. I thank the authors for a fascinating collection of papers that reflect current interest in the subject of industrial process tomography.

West, Robert M.

2004-07-01

238

China today: Space industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A complete and systematic review of the development, major achievements, and basic experiences of space industry in China is presented. Particular attention is given to research and development organizations, space activities, and technological developments; six types of launch vehicles for the artificial satellite, including the Long March-1, -2, -3, -4, and 2E, and Storm 1; artificial satellites including scientific satellite, recoverable remote sensing satellite, geostationary communications satellite, and meteorological satellite. Materials and processing techniques, and large ground test facilities are also discussed.

Liu, Jiyuan

239

Mineral Industry Surveys  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Geological Surveys Mineral Industry Survey's Web site provides "periodic on-line statistical and economic publications designed to provide timely statistical data on production, distribution, stocks, and consumption of significant mineral commodities." Visitors to the site will find an alphabetical listing of minerals that includes everything from Aluminum, Antimony, Arsenic, and Asbestos, to Zeolite, Zinc, and Zirconium. Once clicked, a brief description of the mineral is provided along with links to yearly information publications as well as special publications such as its historical statistics, other agency links, contact information, and more.

240

Magnesium industry overview  

SciTech Connect

Magnesium products provide an excellent strength-to-weight ratio, good fatigue strength, high impact strength, good corrosion resistance, high-speed machinability, and good thermal and electrical conductivities. As a result, applications are expanding in almost every industry. Dozens of automotive components are now made of magnesium, including steering wheels, valve covers, and seat frames. Magnesium alloys are also used in computer housings, in-line roller skates, golf clubs, tennis racquets, and baseball bats. Good strength and stiffness at both room and elevated temperatures make magnesium alloys especially valuable for aerospace applications. This article presents an overview of magnesium technology, world production, increasing demand, and recycling.

Clow, B.B. [International Magnesium Association, McLean, VA (United States)

1996-10-01

241

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

The January 1992 Industry Briefs includes brief articles on: (1) the startup of Chinese and Indian nuclear units, (2) agreements between China and Pakistan for the construction of a nuclear unit, (3) international safeguards agreements, (4) restart of a nuclear unit in Armenia, (5) closure of a German nuclear waste site, (6) restructuring of the Hungarian state-owned utility MVMT, (7) requests for bids for Wolsong Units 3 and 4, (8) signing of the European Energy charter, (9) continued operation of the MAGNOX reactors, and (10) changing Canadian requirements on uranium.

NONE

1992-01-01

242

Uranium industry annual 1985  

SciTech Connect

This report consists of two major sections. The first addresses uranium raw materials activities and covers the following topics: exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment. The second major section is concerned with the following uranium marketing activities: uranium purchase commitments, uranium prices, procurement arrangements, uranium imports and exports, enrichment services, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and related topics. A glossary and appendices are included to assist the reader in interpreting the substantial array of statistical data in this report and to provide background information about the survey.

Not Available

1986-11-01

243

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

Recent nuclear industry briefs are presented. These briefs include: Soviet Union to build Iran nuclear plant; Dension announces cuts in Elliot Lake production; Soviet environmental study delays Rostov startup; Cogema closes two mines; Namibian sanctions lifted by USA and Canada; US Energy and Kennecott restructors joint venture; Australians reelect Hawke; China to buy Soviet nuclear plant; Olympic Dam`s first sale of concentrates to USA; Uranevz buys one-third of Cogema`s Rabbit Lake operations; East and West Germany forming joint nuclear law; and Nova Scotia extends uranium exploration plan.

NONE

1990-04-01

244

Coal Industry Annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 21 million short tons for 1995.

NONE

1996-10-01

245

Coal industry annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States.This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 24 million short tons for 1996. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

NONE

1997-11-01

246

Network structure of inter-industry flows  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the structure of inter-industry relationships using networks of money flows between industries in 45 national economies. We find these networks vary around a typical structure characterized by a Weibull link weight distribution, exponential industry size distribution, and a common community structure. The community structure is hierarchical, with the top level of the hierarchy comprising five industry communities: food industries, chemical industries, manufacturing industries, service industries, and extraction industries.

McNerney, James; Fath, Brian D.; Silverberg, Gerald

2013-12-01

247

Industrial biotechnology: tools and applications.  

PubMed

Industrial biotechnology involves the use of enzymes and microorganisms to produce value-added chemicals from renewable sources. Because of its association with reduced energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste generation, industrial biotechnology is a rapidly growing field. Here we highlight a variety of important tools for industrial biotechnology, including protein engineering, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, systems biology, and downstream processing. In addition, we show how these tools have been successfully applied in several case studies, including the production of 1, 3-propanediol, lactic acid, and biofuels. It is expected that industrial biotechnology will be increasingly adopted by chemical, pharmaceutical, food, and agricultural industries. PMID:19844915

Tang, Weng Lin; Zhao, Huimin

2009-12-01

248

Research and Development in Industry: 1994  

NSF Publications Database

... in Industry: 1994 Hypertext Format Research and Development in Industry: 1994 Portable Document ... Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry: 1994 Last Modified: Wednesday, 26-Jul-00 ...

249

Research and Development in Industry: 1998  

NSF Publications Database

... in Industry: 1998 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format Research and Development in Industry ... Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry: 1998 This report is available in hypertext ...

250

Research and Development in Industry: 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Research and Development in Industry: 2001 Funds, 2001 Scientists and Engineers, January 2002 ... in Industry: 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry: 2001 This ...

251

Research and Development in Industry: 1999  

NSF Publications Database

... Industry: 1999 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format Research and Development in Industry ... Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry: 1999 This report is available in hypertext ...

252

Research and Development in Industry: 2000  

NSF Publications Database

... Industry: 2000 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format Research and Development in Industry ... Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry: 2000 This report is available in hypertext ...

253

Museum of History & Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded by a band of historically-minded Seattleites in 1911, the Seattle Historical Society would later go on to create The Museum of History & Industry (MOHAI) in 1952. Since that time, MOHAI has been intimately involved with preserving and interpreting various aspects of Pacific Northwest history for both the curious public and scholars. Their website offers a few very nice highlights of some of their collections, including a photograph archive that contains approximately 4000 images. Visitors should also take a look at one of the several dozen oral history transcripts here, which feature discussions with men and women who have been involved in the information technology and manufacturing industries in the region. Those who find themselves in or around Seattle will want to look over the information offered here about visiting the actual museum as well. The site is rounded out by a very fun selection of audio clips, including one of the official theme songs of the 1962 Seattle World's Fair and another audio segment that features Bing Crosby waxing philosophic about his love for his native Washington state.

254

Industrial risk perceptions  

SciTech Connect

The risks of occupational exposure to radiation need fuller and more explicit characterization. They also need a more developed quantitative comparison with more familiar occupational hazards. To achieve this, some criterion is needed for establishing the amount of detriment one should attribute to different harmful effects, e.g., from accidents at work which cause death, temporary or permanent disability; from fatal and nonfatal cancers; from developmental abnormalities and any likely nonstochastic effects; and from a range of genetic defects. No such criterion for comparing incommensurable kinds of harm can be scientifically defined, but one is essential if occupational exposure standards are to be put into perspective. A comparison of the frequency of fatal cancers and severe genetic defects with that of accidental deaths at work is admittedly incomplete. One possible starting point is from a review of the average length of healthy life and activity lost as a result of nonfatal industrial accidents and some curable cancers, or of gross impairment during the course of an active disease or as a result of many types of genetic defect, or of life expectancy lost absolutely owing to fatal accidents and diseases. Estimates are discussed to emphasize the areas in which opinion is most needed to translate measures of risk based simply on total time lost into acceptable criteria of perceived detriment. Standards of industrial safety are reviewed on this basis, both for risk from accidents at work and from radiation exposure, with evidence on the rate at which both types of risk are being reduced.

Pochin, E.E.

1988-08-01

255

Offshore industry executives meet  

SciTech Connect

The future of the Gulf of Mexico is tied to the overall future of oil/gas on the international market as it relates to the US. Conquering this last frontier, possibly only through development of technology, was one of the themes covered in the 21st Annual Meeting of the National Ocean Industries Association held in early April, 1993 in Washington, D.C. Oil is the major source for foreign exchange but there are major uncertainties in predicting the future. The swing (imports vs. exports) is two million barrels per day. The big oil users (heavy industry) have reduced consumption. The last big uncertainty is the environmental policies of the West. Development of resources in the Gulf was the third record year in a row in 1992. The potential for hydrocarbon discoveries is significant, a substantial number of new fields have been made and significant discoveries are likely to continue. More than 100 trillion cubic feet of natural gas lies undiscovered offshore - 35% of undiscovered domestic resources. The oil potential exceeds nine billion barrels, more than any other basin except Alaska.

Burns, R.F.

1993-05-01

256

Drug industry in "depression".  

PubMed

The productivity crisis in pharmaceuticals is an important problem that should be seriously addressed by academic scientists and NIH administrators. It is true that most academic scientists avidly practice the reductionist approach and tend to neglect the big picture. However, in light of the crisis, that should change. To stimulate such a change, scientists should see publications addressing big picture issues, and specifically publications which present analyses of the productivity crisis in pharmaceuticals. Although the public media recently published a series of articles reporting the crisis, so far, the peer-reviewed professionaljournals tended to avoid the issue. There seems to be a consensus that there is no successful drug discovery without reasonable biology. The Drug industry in "Depression" paper provides an opportunity to balance the picture and entice discussions on the relationships between academic research practices, NIH policies, and success in drug discovery. Academia and the drug industry must adopt a unified biomedical research approach rather than a multitude of what appears to be unrelated reduction methodologies, especially the basic science/biology end of it. PMID:15614206

Almog, Dov M

2005-01-01

257

Industrial Maintenance Strategies  

SciTech Connect

Industrial plants have become more complex due to technological advancement. This has made the task of maintenance more difficult. The maintenance costs in terms of resources and downtime loss are so high that maintenance function has become a critical factor in a plant's profitability. Industry should devote as much forethought to the management of maintenance function as to production. Maintenance has grown from an art to a precise, technical engineering science. Planning, organizing scheduling and control of maintenance using modern techniques pays dividends in the form of reduced costs and increased reliability. The magnitude and the dimension of maintenance have multiplied due to development in the engineering technologies. Production cost and capacities are directly affected by the breakdown time. Total operating cost including the maintenance cost plays an important role in replacement dimension. The integrated system approach would bring forth the desired results of high maintenance standards. The standards once achieved and sustained, would add to the reliability of the plan and relieve heavy stresses and strains on the engineering logistic support. (author)

Sajjad Akbar [Riphah International University, 274-Peshawar Road Rawalpindi (Pakistan)

2006-07-01

258

Research Projects in Industrial Technology.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this booklet is to briefly describe ongoing and completed projects being carried out by Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Industrial Technology Section. In the Pacific Northwest, the industrial sector is the largest of the four consuming sectors. It accounted for thirty-nine percent of the total firm demand in the region in 1987. It is not easy to asses the conservation potential in the industrial sector. Recognizing this, the Northwest Power Planning Council established an objective to gain information on the size, cost, and availability of the conservation resource in the industrial sector, as well as other sectors, in its 1986 Power Plan. Specifically, the Council recommended that BPA operate a research and development program in conjunction with industry to determine the potential costs and savings from efficiency improvements in industrial processes which apply to a wide array of industrial firms.'' The section, composed of multidisciplinary engineers, provides technical support to the Industrial Programs Branch by designing and carrying out research relating to energy conservation in the industrial sector. The projects contained in this booklet are arranged by sector --industrial, utility, and agricultural -- and, within each sector, chronologically from ongoing to completed, with those projects completed most recently falling first. For each project the following information is given: its objective approach, key findings, cost, and contact person. Completed projects also include the date of completion, a report title, and report number.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration. Industrial Technology Section.

1990-06-01

259

Nanofluids: Future Industrial Coolants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanofluids have emerged as a major area of research due to significant increase found in their thermal conductivity compared to the base fluids like Water, Ethylene Glycol, Toluene, etc. The enhanced transport properties of nanofluids and heat transfer efficiency have given them an edge over micro to macro sized particle suspensions. These fluids find great applications in thermal management as industrial coolants and various biomedical applications including cancer therapy. Major mechanism appears to be layering of liquid molecules at the solid-particle surface to form an interfacial nanolayer. This paper describes the dependence of effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids on nanoparticle concentration and transport properties of interfacial layer. We have studied the role of interfacial layer and nanoparticle Al2O3 concentration to the effective thermal conductivity of Al2O3/Water based nanofluid. Effect of temperature and pressure has also been investigated. Estimated values are found to match excellently with the available experimental data.

Arora, Sakshi; Srivastava, Sunita

2011-12-01

260

Industrial Lung Cancer  

PubMed Central

There are many known chemical and physical causes of industrial lung cancer. Their common feature is a long latent period—usually ten to 40 years—between initial exposure to the carcinogen and clinical recognition of the lesion. Occupationally induced lung cancer is indistinguishable from lung cancer of unknown etiology or that caused by cigaret smoking. Smoking alone is responsible for a very large proportion of all lung cancer and it potentiates the effect of most other carcinogens. Most cases of lung cancer in the next 20-30 years will be the result of exposures which have already occurred. In these cases, early diagnosis of pre-invasive resectable lesions offers the only hope for prolonging life.

Fitch, Maxwell

1982-01-01

261

Industrial scale gene synthesis.  

PubMed

The most recent developments in the area of deep DNA sequencing and downstream quantitative and functional analysis are rapidly adding a new dimension to understanding biochemical pathways and metabolic interdependencies. These increasing insights pave the way to designing new strategies that address public needs, including environmental applications and therapeutic inventions, or novel cell factories for sustainable and reconcilable energy or chemicals sources. Adding yet another level is building upon nonnaturally occurring networks and pathways. Recent developments in synthetic biology have created economic and reliable options for designing and synthesizing genes, operons, and eventually complete genomes. Meanwhile, high-throughput design and synthesis of extremely comprehensive DNA sequences have evolved into an enabling technology already indispensable in various life science sectors today. Here, we describe the industrial perspective of modern gene synthesis and its relationship with synthetic biology. Gene synthesis contributed significantly to the emergence of synthetic biology by not only providing the genetic material in high quality and quantity but also enabling its assembly, according to engineering design principles, in a standardized format. Synthetic biology on the other hand, added the need for assembling complex circuits and large complexes, thus fostering the development of appropriate methods and expanding the scope of applications. Synthetic biology has also stimulated interdisciplinary collaboration as well as integration of the broader public by addressing socioeconomic, philosophical, ethical, political, and legal opportunities and concerns. The demand-driven technological achievements of gene synthesis and the implemented processes are exemplified by an industrial setting of large-scale gene synthesis, describing production from order to delivery. PMID:21601681

Notka, Frank; Liss, Michael; Wagner, Ralf

2011-01-01

262

Construction. A Report on the Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper captures a comprehensive five-month study of the construction industry. It seeks to define the industry and identifies current conditions and industry trends. It reviews several challenges confronting the industry and examines the role of gover...

C. Dunn G. Khalil H. Conway

2004-01-01

263

Research and Development in Industry: 1993  

NSF Publications Database

... Development in Industry: 1993 Hypertext Format Research and Development in Industry: 1993 Portable ... Development in Industry: 1993 (972K) Part II - Research and Development in Industry: 1993 (391K ...

264

Industrial ecology analysis - final report  

SciTech Connect

This work is intended to contribute to the foundations for formalizing industrial ecology analyses of energy systems (systems for energy generation, transfer. or transformation) and to examine how the tools for performing these analyses can also enhance the field of industrial ecology in other applications. We discuss requirements for studying materials and energy , cycling in industrial processes. with particular emphasis on energy generating systems, through explicit inclusion of entropy concepts in industrial ecology considerations. This perspective is intended to contribute to the theoretical basis for industrial ecology, to the development of tools for comparing the ecological (human and environmental health. and institutional) impacts of energy generating and other industrial processes, and to possible changes in engineering curricula with emphasis on design.

Kastenberg, W.E.; Lowenthal, M.D.

1998-10-19

265

Industry growth and capital allocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are market-based or bank-based financial systems better at financing the expansion of industries that depend heavily on external finance, facilitating the formation of new establishments, and improving the efficiency of capital allocation across industries? We find evidence for neither the market-based nor the bank-based hypothesis. While legal system efficiency and overall financial development boost industry growth, new establishment formation, and

Thorsten Beck; Ross Levine

2002-01-01

266

The Industrial Pollution Projection System  

Microsoft Academic Search

March 1995Most developing countries have little or no data on industrial pollution, but many of them have fairly detailed industry-survey information on employment, value added, or output. The industrial pollution projection system is designed to convert that information to a profile of the associated pollution.The World Bank's technical assistance work with new environmental protection institutions stresses cost-effective regulation, with market-based

David Wheeler; Hemamala Hettige; Paul Martin; Manjula Singh

1999-01-01

267

An Overview of Industrial Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial marketing involves the sale of goods by one business to other businesses. Typically it is the marketing of goods and services to business organizations for use in the manufacture of their products or in the operation of their businesses. Industrial Marketing is also known as Business-to-Business Marketing (B2B Marketing). With industrial products the seller is not focused on appealing

Honnalli S. H

2011-01-01

268

Industrial waste heat for district heating  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents 2 bounding evaluations of industrial waste heat availability. Surveys waste heat from 29 major industry groups at the 2-digit level in Standard Industrial Codes (SIC). Explains that waste heat availability in each industry was related to regional product sales, in order to estimate regional waste heat availability. Evaluates 4 selected industries at the 4-digit SIC level. Finds that industrial

K. L. Heitner; P. P. Brooks

1982-01-01

269

Biotechnology: An industry in transition  

SciTech Connect

The biotechnology industry is evolving rapidly. The authors project that U.S. biotechnology industry sales will move from about $400 million in 1987 to more than $25 billion by the year 2000. Over the past decade research has focused on three primary areas: pharmaceutical and health-care products, agricultural products, and chemicals. Numerous biotechnology-based products in each area have already been commercialized. This article reviews industry progress and key technological challenges, profiles six leading biotechnology companies, and gives a prognosis of the industry's future prospects.

Shamel, R.E.; Chow, J.J.

1987-10-01

270

Medical Device Industry Educatinon Cosortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Medical Device Industry Education Consortium (MDIEC) was formed to build a learning and innovation network to develop and deliver industry-endorsed solutions that address critical industry-defined technical education and training needs. St. Petersburg College (SPC) led a group of Eight Community Colleges and Fifteen Industry partners to co-found the consortium. A Department of Education (DOE) Grant funded the initial formation and curriculum development. SPC along with Anoka-Ramsey Community College in Minnesota and Edmonds Community College in Washington State was awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant to further MDIEC and develop curriculum in three critical training areas: quality systems, information management and clinical data management.

Sullivan, Michael

2009-07-14

271

General Industrial Electronics. Oklahoma Trade and Industrial Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide, part of a series of curriculum guides dealing with industrial electricity and electronics, is designed for use in teaching a course in general industrial electronics. Covered in the first half of the guide are units on the following electronic components: semiconductors, solid-state diodes, bipolar transistors, and special…

Harwick, Jim; Siebert, Leo

272

Industrial enzymology: the application of enzymes in industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This reference book contains detailed data on kinetics of enzymes which relate mathematical models to actual industrial practice; comments on legislative thinking, toxicology, test systems, and guidance on industrial safety when working with enzymes; and explains the uses of enzymes for the following products or processes: potable alcohol, fuel alcohol, analytical applications, baking, brewing, dairy, detergents, effluents\\/by-products\\/biogas, flavors and colors,

T. Godfrey; J. Reichelt

1982-01-01

273

Testing of modular industrial solar retrofit industrial process steam systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the Department of Energy's Modular Industrial Solar Retrofit project, five industrial process heat systems incorporating line-focus solar collectors were designed and hardware was installed and tested at Sandia National Laboratories and the Solar Energy Research Institute. System designers and collector manufacturers participating in the project included Acurex Solar Corporation, BDM, Inc., Custom Engineering, Inc., Foster Wheeler Solar Development Corporation,

C. P. Cameron; V. E. Dudley

1984-01-01

274

Industrial Market and Energy Management Guide. Standard Industrial Classification 20 food and kindred products industry  

SciTech Connect

An overview is provided of the industrial market in the food and kindred productions industry, including an overall description of the market, its size, and attitudes toward more energy efficient operations. Information is given both graphically and written, on the actual processing of raw meats, vegetables, fruits, and liquids into foods processed and packaged for consumption. Specific energy efficiency technologies are then discussed which have been used in the food processing industry. (LEW)

Not Available

1985-01-01

275

Tapping private industry.  

PubMed

Many firms throughout Japan and around the world have come to realize that family planning is good for employee morale and company profits. Japanese and Indian efforts prove that family planning programs not only bring welfare benefits to workers, but commercial advantages to businesses. Because workers' family welfare is closely linked to labor welfare and productivity, the trade union movement has started to become active in promoting family planning activities. Factory-based family planning programs have often cut pregnancy rates in half. Godrej Enterprises of India started promoting family planning in 1957; it provides a model of how family planning has been incorporated into a comprehensive employee welfare system in a factory complex on the outskirts of Bombay, where about 1/2 the workers live in high-rise apartments in the company township of Pirojsha Nagar. Similar programs are presented in India, Thailand, Indonesia, Jamaica, Guatemala, Colombia, Korea, and Turkey. Limiting family size enriches workers' lives and improves the quality of the workforce. The International Labor Organization, through its Workers' Education Program on Population, has played an important role in stimulating industrial sector interest in family planning throughout the world. PMID:12341236

Weerakoon, B

1986-12-01

276

Hearing Conservation in Industry  

PubMed Central

Noise-induced hearing loss is a major and entirely preventable public health problem. Effective prevention of this disorder has yet to be achieved in the United States but would improve the overall hearing health of the population more than the treatment of all other otologic disorders combined. Losses that are mild to moderately severe and maximal at 3, 4 or 6 kHz are typical but not pathognomonic. Individual differences in susceptibility are substantial but unpredictable. Hearing conservation programs are now required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration for almost all employees whose daily exposure to noise exceeds a time-weighted average of 85 dBA (A-weighted sound pressure level). The permitted exposure level is 90 dBA time-weighted average, above which engineering or administrative controls or hearing protectors are required. Workers with lesser exposures (85 to 90 dBA time-weighted average) who have hearing changes must be similarly protected. Many, but not all, elements of required hearing conservation programs have been specified recently by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Medical supervision and otologic referral are important components of hearing conservation programs because otologic problems other than noise-induced hearing loss are common in industrial populations. Compensation for noise-induced hearing loss, which is awarded through state workers' compensation boards, as well as certain federal sources, varies widely.

Dobie, Robert A.

1982-01-01

277

Mask industry assessment trend analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name the cost and cycle time of mask technology and mask supply as top critical issues. A survey was created with support from SEMATECH to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. This year's survey data were presented in detail at BACUS and the detailed trend analysis presented at

Greg Hughes; Henry Yun

2009-01-01

278

Mask industry assessment trend analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name the cost and cycle time of mask technology and mask supply as top critical issues. A survey was created with support from SEMATECH and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. This year's survey data were presented in detail at BACUS and

Gilbert Shelden; Patricia Marmillion; Greg Hughes

2008-01-01

279

Industrial Location in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a diminishing role in industrial countries, the manufacturing sector continues to be an engine of economic growth in most developing countries. This article surveys the evidence on the determinants of industry location in developing countries. It also employs micro data for India and Indonesia to illustrate recent spatial dynamics of manufacturing relocation within urban agglomerations. Both theory and empirical

Uwe Deichmann; Somik V. Lall; Stephen J. Redding; Anthony J. Venables

2008-01-01

280

The Theory of Industrial Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Theory of Industrial Organization is the first primary text to treat the new industrial organization at the advanced-undergraduate and graduate level. Rigorously analytical and filled with exercises coded to indicate level of difficulty, it provides a unified and modern treatment of the field with accessible models that are simplified to highlight robust economic ideas while working at an intuitive

Jean Tirole

1988-01-01

281

Dependency on the Ethanol Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The year 2008 will long be remembered as a year when corn based ethanol has seen tremendous change. The Energy Independence and Security Act, which passed in late 2007, gave a huge boost to the industry as it mandated an increase in biofuel production and use. In 2008, the industry witnessed record high prices on corn and crude oil. Ultimately,

Yonas G. Hamda; Jing Li

2008-01-01

282

The Industrial Revolution in America  

Microsoft Academic Search

(Note: The official, up-to-date version of the course syllabus is posted on Blackboard.) In the century after the adoption of the federal Constitution, the United States developed from an overwhelming agrarian society into the world' s leading industrial power. This course examines industrialization as, variously, an economic, technological, political, environmental, and cultural process that transformed both the nation's social order

Gary J. Kornblith

283

Industry: Relocation Changes the Landscape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes "World Industry on the Move"; "The Future Belongs to Those Who Can Adapt" (Fromont); "The Automobile Industry: Engines of Change" (O'Brien); "Negotiating Flexibility to Save Jobs" (Fromont); and "Fixing the Rules of the Game: Partners State Their Case." (JOW)|

World of Work, 1993

1993-01-01

284

Taiwan’s industrial robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the growth in the use of, and versatility of industrial robots worldwide and looks at the current situation in Taiwan, which is reported to have the highest annual growth rate of robots. With a shortage of manpower, Taiwan sees automation as its best alternative, particularly in the automotive industry. Discusses robot research and development in Taiwan and compares it

Chiu-Chi Wei

1995-01-01

285

Sociological Perspectives for Industrial Transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter offers a selective review of the sociological literature that is relevant to studying industrial transformation, looking at three bodies of literature. Within general and theoretical sociology, structuration theory and the sociology of networks and flows are analysed. Within the sub-discipline of environmental sociology, the contributions to industrial transformation of neo- Marxism, Ecological Modernisation, Risk Society studies and attitudes

Arthur P. J. Mol; Gert Spaargaren

2005-01-01

286

Dissolving Pulp Industry. Market Trends.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents a worldwide overview of the dissolving pulp industry and highlights of the industry in Alaska. It describes trends in world markets and major end-use markets, with special emphasis on the manufacture and use of textile, fibers in the U...

I. Durbak

1993-01-01

287

Voltage sags in industrial systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cause of voltage sags in industrial plants, their impacts on equipment operation, and possible solutions are described. The definition proposed focuses on system faults as the major cause of voltage sags. The sensitivity of different types of industrial equipment, including adjustable speed drive controls, programmable logic controllers, and motor contactors is analyzed. Available methods of power conditioning for this

M. F. McGranaghan; D. R. Mueller; M. J. Samotyj

1993-01-01

288

Instructional Design Parameters in Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Restructuring Education in the Sciences for Industrial Alignment (RESIA) project examined the feasibility of combining college science faculty and industrial experts to produce instructional materials. These materials were intended for on-the-job training and college credit. Through informal contact, professors were identified who were willing…

Bleach, Kathleen M.

289

An Appreciation of Industrial Dynamics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Industrial dynamics is a recently developed and fast moving area of management analysis. Since its inception it has gained both staunch opponents and severe critics. This paper is an attempt at an impartial appreciation of industrial dynamics. The model-b...

H. I. Ansoff D. P. Slevin

1967-01-01

290

Women in the Aviation Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Aviation industry has developed extensively since its establishment by the Wright Brothers in 1903. Over time, the highly male-dominated industry experienced significant changes to incorporate female aviators. Determined women initiated this process through participating in the aircraft engineering sector and pursuing careers as pilots. However, these women faced various challenges, which resulted in setbacks to their effective growth in

Maureen N Mutisya

2010-01-01

291

Cultural industries and cultural policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses and contextualises a variety of relationships between the cultural industries and cultural policy. A principal aim is to examine policies which are explicitly formulated as cultural (or creative) industries policies. It seeks to address questions such as: what lies behind such policies? How do they relate to other kinds of cultural policy, including those more oriented towards

David Hesmondhalgh; Andy C. Pratt

2005-01-01

292

Industry and Trade Summary: Eggs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This summary profiles the U.S. and major foreign egg industries. Information is provided on U.S. and foreign egg production and trade, tariff and nontariff measures, and the performance of the U.S. egg industry in domestic and foreign markets. The period ...

D. Newman

1995-01-01

293

Tobacco Industry Seeks New Recruits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents four cartoons that take aim at the claims that the tobacco industry makes in its advertising. Focus is on smoking industry advertisements aimed at getting children and youth to buy and smoke cigarettes. They are intended to be shared with students to heighten their awareness of advertising ploys. (SLD)|

American Educator: The Professional Journal of the American Federation of Teachers, 1993

1993-01-01

294

Industry environmental processes: beyond compliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses systems of good environmental management, adopted by industry, which go beyond (rather than replace) compliance with laws and regulations, as part of the quality revolution impacting both global and local companies and plants. From environmental auditing to environmental management systems, industry is increasingly focusing not just on compliance with laws—as important as that might be—but on continuous

Jon Plaut

1998-01-01

295

Wireless Technology for Industrial Applications \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless networking technologies are gaining rapid acceptance in many industrial sectors because of its cost effectiveness, improved reliability, fast deployment and flexibility. This technology could be used for industrial applications, such as monitoring remote machines, equipment, and giving operators easy access to remote information from anywhere in the plant for managing remote operations (1). Several wireless technology standards have been

Soliman A. Al-Walaie; Soliman M. Almadi; Ahmed M. Al-Omair; Mohammed S. Al-Qahtani

296

Sensor networks for industrial applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial applications are moving from centralized architectures towards distributed ones, thanks to cost effectiveness, better flexibility, scalability, reliability and diagnostic functionalities. The use of sensors in industrial communications improves overall plant performance since sensor information can be used by several equipments and shared on the Web. A communication system suitable for computers and PLCs, that exchanges a large amount of

A. Flammini; P. Ferrari; D. Marioli; E. Sisinni; A. Taroni

2007-01-01

297

Biotechnology in the wood industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wood is a natural, biodegradable and renewable raw material, used in construction and as a feedstock in the paper and wood product industries and in fuel production. Traditionally, biotechnology found little attention in the wood product industries, apart from in paper manufacture. Now, due to growing environmental concern and increasing scientific knowledge, legal restrictions to conventional processes have altered the

C. Mai; U. Kües; H. Militz

2004-01-01

298

Security for Industrial Communication Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern industrial communication networks are increasingly based on open protocols and platforms that are also used in the office IT and Internet environment. This reuse facilitates development and deployment of highly connected systems, but also makes the communication system vulnerable to electronic attacks. This paper gives an overview of IT security issues in industrial automation systems which are based on

DACFEY DZUNG; MARTIN NAEDELE; THOMAS P. VON HOFF; MARIO CREVATIN

2005-01-01

299

1997 Census of Construction Industries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New reports to be included in the 1997 Census of Construction Industries are posted at this EC97C Industry Series page. Currently, the Masonry and Stone Contractors and Electrical Contractors reports are present with state and regional-level data.

300

Session: Wind industry project development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This first session at the Wind Energy and Birds\\/Bats workshop consisted of two presentations followed by a question and answer period. The session was intended to provide a general overview of wind energy product development, from the industry's perspective. Tom Gray of AWEA presented a paper titled ''State of the Wind Energy Industry in 2004'', highlighting improved performance and lower

Tom Gray; Sam Enfield

2004-01-01

301

Is Industrial Advertising Still Sexist  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of sexism in advertising has been dissected for more than 30 years in the consumer advertising arena. Yet, a relative dearth of knowledge exists concerning perceived sexism in industrial advertising. More and more women are joining the professional ranks. Their perceptions of gender role portrayals in industrial advertising is of high importance to marketing strategists concerned with not

Michael S. LaTour; Tony L. Henthorne Alvin J. Williams

1998-01-01

302

Careers in the Music Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes jobs in the music industry, including instrument designer, sales representative, instrument repair-person, retail music sales-person, recording engineer, and careers in the new video music industry. Educational requirements, personal qualifications, and the advantages and disadvantages of each job are discussed. (AM)|

Ryan, Peter J.; And Others

1982-01-01

303

Advanced Industrial Robot Control Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The major goal of the research program is to develop industrial robot control schemes to improve the performance of currently available robots. The need to extend the flexibility and usefulness of current industrial robots and to provide a solid base for ...

R. Paul J. Luh J. Bender R. Brown M. Remington

1978-01-01

304

Tax Responses in Platform Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two-sided platform firms serve distinct customer groups that are connected through interdependent demand, and include major businesses such as the media industry, banking, and the software industry. A well known result of tax incidence is that consumers of a more heavily taxed good pay a higher price and thus buy less of the good. The present paper shows that this

Hans Jarle Kind; Marko Koethenbuerger; Guttorm Schjelderup

2010-01-01

305

Energy Economics in Food Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The percentage of energy costs in the reviewed industry sectors. bakeries and dairies not included, is 2.5% of the turnover. In the sugar industry it is as high as 6%. The percentage of energy costs is 7% of that of raw materials and 25% of that of the sa...

O. Taimisto S. Kaijaluoto M. Mokkila M. Paloheimo

1984-01-01

306

Biotechnology and the Food Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional and novel uses of enzymes and microbes in the baking, brewing, and dairy industries are described. Cheese, yogurt, baking, brewing, vinegar, soy sauce, single-cell proteins, enzymes, food modification, vanilla, citric acid, monosodium glutamate, xanthan gum, aspartame, and cochineal are discussed. Industrial links with firms involved…

Henderson, Jenny; And Others

1991-01-01

307

Industrial energy efficiency decision making  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model to describe an industrial firm's energy efficiency decision making over time. The model posits seven stages, which range from no energy savings decision making to energy efficiency program implementation to steady state energy efficiency decision making. It is hypothesized that government energy-efficiency programs, such as the Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) Program funded by the US

Bruce Tonn; Michaela Martin

2000-01-01

308

Industrial applications of immobilized biocatalysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The isomerization of glucose to fructose, the production of amino acids, and the hydrolysis of penicillins to 6-aminopenicillanic acid are some examples of the industrial processes, based on immobilized biocatalysts, that are operative at present. These and other processes utilized in the food and the pharmaceutical industries, as well as a number of potentially useful immobilized biocatalysts, which have been

P. Brodelius

309

The Industrialization of the Mind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the mass media and education, arguing that the crucial phenomenon is the industrialization of the mind: the mind-making industry is viewed as a product of the last hundred years which has developed at such a pace and assumed such varied forms that it has outgrown understanding and control. (Author/JM)

Enzensberger, Hans Magnus

1975-01-01

310

Industry Studies Program: Clipping Service.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Industry Studies Program at Boston University has compiled a collection of news clippings relating to industrial organization. The clippings, obtained from public news sources such as the New York Times and CNN, cover topics such as antitrust, health, telecommunications and finance.

Yi, Rong.

1998-01-01

311

Industry, Trade, and Technology Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Industry Trade and Technology Review (ITTR) is a quarterly staff publication of the Office of Industries, U.S. International Trade Commission. The report is intended to provide analysis of important issues and insights into the global position of U.S....

1998-01-01

312

Wireless Technology in Industrial Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the success of wireless technologies in consumer electronics, standard wireless technologies are envisioned for the deployment in industrial environments as well. Industrial applications involving mobile subsystems or just the desire to save cabling make wireless technologies attractive. Nevertheless, these applications often have stringent requirements on reliability and timing. In wired environments, timing and reliability are well catered for by

Andreas Willig; Kirsten Matheus; Adam Wolisz

2005-01-01

313

Industry's Struggle for Skilled Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing shortage of skilled workers in industrial maintenance, the growing complexity of equipment, and the automation of production processes call for improved and increased employee training and retraining. A General Motors training supervisor notes how education and industry can cooperate to provide this education and training. (MF)

Barker, Don

1979-01-01

314

The World's Cane Sugar Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

H. C. Prinsen Geerligs (b.1864) was a Dutch microbiologist and Director of the Sugar Experiment Station in Java, an important research centre at the heart of the sugar industry. A leading expert in the production of sugar and the workings of the international market, Geerligs presents a detailed and comprehensive history of the industry, from its ancient origins through to

H. C. Prinsen Geerligs

315

1976 Keystone coal industry manual  

Microsoft Academic Search

The manual is the industry reference authority for the many diverse organizations concerned with the supply and utilization of coal in the United States and Canada. For its many other users as well, Keystone serves as a comprehensive reference to the production and distribution facilities of the coal industry and is the source of considerable data unavailable elsewhere. Some new

Nielsen

1976-01-01

316

Industry Based Training in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study identified alternative models of short-term upgrading and updating training for employed workers in business and industry. In phase 1, a literature review provided the basis for a nine-cell matrix that conceptualized alternative models of industry-based training as a function of the skill level the training addressed and the degree of…

Stone, James R., III; Dahlgren, Judith

317

Biotechnology and the Food Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traditional and novel uses of enzymes and microbes in the baking, brewing, and dairy industries are described. Cheese, yogurt, baking, brewing, vinegar, soy sauce, single-cell proteins, enzymes, food modification, vanilla, citric acid, monosodium glutamate, xanthan gum, aspartame, and cochineal are discussed. Industrial links with firms involved…

Henderson, Jenny; And Others

1991-01-01

318

Trigeneration in the food industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the food industry cogeneration plants are widely introduced. Many industries use cogeneration plants with either gas engines or turbines to cover their steam, hot water and electrical demands. The combination of an absorption refrigeration with a cogeneration plant allows to use all generated heat for the production of cooling. Absorption refrigeration plants working with ammonia as refrigerant can be

J. Bassols; B. Kuckelkorn; J. Langreck; R. Schneider; H. Veelken

2002-01-01

319

Managing complexity in industrial collaborations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joining collaborations and maintaining relationships has become a major concern for managers in industrial companies. This change, to a large extent, arises due to the globalization of markets and the ongoing specialization of companies, fostered by the possibilities of information technology and data-communication. However, such a structural change requires adaptations by companies to fit the characteristics of industrial collaborations. In

G. Schuh; A. Sauer; S. Doering

2008-01-01

320

AVLIS industrial access program  

SciTech Connect

This document deals with the procurements planned for the construction of an Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) production plant. Several large-scale AVLIS facilities have already been built and tested; a full-scale engineering demonstration facility is currently under construction. The experience gained from these projects provides the procurement basis for the production plant construction and operation. In this document, the status of the AVLIS process procurement is presented from two viewpoints. The AVLIS Production Plant Work Breakdown Structure is referenced at the level of the items to be procured. The availability of suppliers for the items at this level is discussed. In addition, the work that will result from the AVLIS enrichment plant project is broken down by general procurement categories (construction, mechanical equipment, etc.) and the current AVLIS suppliers are listed according to these categories. A large number of companies in all categories are currently providing AVLIS equipment for the Full-Scale Demonstration Facility in Livermore, California. These companies form an existing and expanding supplier network for the AVLIS program. Finally, this document examines the relationship between the AVLIS construction project/operational facility and established commercial suppliers. The goal is to utilize existing industrial capability to meet the needs of the project in a competitive procurement situation. As a result, costs and procurement risks are both reduced because the products provided come from within the AVLIS suppliers' experience base. At the same time, suppliers can benefit by the potential to participate in AVLIS technology spin-off markets. 35 figures.

Not Available

1984-11-15

321

Uranium industry annual 1993  

SciTech Connect

Uranium production in the United States has declined dramatically from a peak of 43.7 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (16.8 thousand metric tons uranium (U)) in 1980 to 3.1 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (1.2 thousand metric tons U) in 1993. This decline is attributed to the world uranium market experiencing oversupply and intense competition. Large inventories of uranium accumulated when optimistic forecasts for growth in nuclear power generation were not realized. The other factor which is affecting U.S. uranium production is that some other countries, notably Australia and Canada, possess higher quality uranium reserves that can be mined at lower costs than those of the United States. Realizing its competitive advantage, Canada was the world`s largest producer in 1993 with an output of 23.9 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (9.2 thousand metric tons U). The U.S. uranium industry, responding to over a decade of declining market prices, has downsized and adopted less costly and more efficient production methods. The main result has been a suspension of production from conventional mines and mills. Since mid-1992, only nonconventional production facilities, chiefly in situ leach (ISL) mining and byproduct recovery, have operated in the United States. In contrast, nonconventional sources provided only 13 percent of the uranium produced in 1980. ISL mining has developed into the most cost efficient and environmentally acceptable method for producing uranium in the United States. The process, also known as solution mining, differs from conventional mining in that solutions are used to recover uranium from the ground without excavating the ore and generating associated solid waste. This article describes the current ISL Yang technology and its regulatory approval process, and provides an analysis of the factors favoring ISL mining over conventional methods in a declining uranium market.

Not Available

1994-09-01

322

How utilizes can revitalize industry  

SciTech Connect

During the first weeks of his presidency, Bill Clinton asserted that the nation`s industries must modernize if Americans are to enjoy a rising standard of living. He noted that inadequate knowledge about new production technologies and inadequate capital for plant improvements were making it hard for manufacturers, particularly small and midsized firms, to improve their productivity and economic competitiveness. And though he said his administration would stress the benefits of government research, technology transfer, and financial assistance, President Clinton acknowledged that Washington needs new partners to help modernize U.S. industrial processes. Electric utilities are likely candidates. They have considerable technical expertise and access to large sums of capital that could help industry improve its productivity. Fortuitously, power companies also would benefit by such a partnership stimulating local economic activity and better managing electricity demands. Although many utilities pursue so-called demand-side management programs for their commercial and residential customers, most have not focused much attention on the industrial sector, in part because achieving industrial energy efficiency requires more specialized expertise than do routine energy audits to improve the insulation and lighting of homes and commercial buildings. Yet the reasons to target industry are compelling: Industrial firms consume more than 35 percent of the electricity in the United States, and investment in retooling manufacturing operations with energy-efficient and productive equipment could help spur economic revitalization.

De Vaul, D.; Bartsch, C. [Northeast Midwest Institute, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-12-31

323

Carcinogens in the construction industry.  

PubMed

The construction industry is a complex work environment. The work sites are temporary and rapidly changing. Asbestos has been widely used in construction industry, but the risks were primarily detected in specialized trades, such as insulation workers and plumbers. Today, the majority of cases related to asbestos exposure will occur in other occupational groups in the construction industry. In a large cohort of Swedish construction workers, insulators and plumbers constituted 37% of all cases of pleural mesothelioma between 1975 and 1984 while they constituted 21% of the cases between 1998 and 2002. It is estimated that 25-40% of all male cases of pleural mesothelioma in Sweden are caused by asbestos exposure in the construction trades. There are many other known carcinogens occurring in the construction industry, including PAHs, diesel exhausts, silica, asphalt fumes, solvents, etc., but it is difficult to estimate exposures and thus the size of the risk. The risk of cancer is less easy to detect with traditional epidemiological methods in the construction industry than in other industrial sectors. It is not sufficient to rely upon broad epidemiological data to estimate the risk of cancer due chemicals in the construction industry. Thus, a strategy to decrease exposure, e.g., to dust, seems a feasible way to reduce the risk. PMID:17119221

Järvholm, Bengt

2006-09-01

324

Industrial Assessment Center Program  

SciTech Connect

Over the five-year period (2002-2006) the Oklahoma State University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) performed energy assessments for 106 different clients, writing 835 recommendations, for a total of $23,937,099 in potential estimated annual savings. IAC clients served consisted of small and medium-sized manufacturers ranging from food manufactures to foundries. The OSU IAC served clients in Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas. In addition to client service, student training and instruction was a major accomplishment. The OSU IAC employed (and trained) 12 baccalaureate-level students, 17 masters-level graduate students, and 7 doctoral-level graduate students. Most are practicing in the energy management area. Training was focused on both energy assessment and safety. Safety training was both center-based training as well as on-site training. Energy management related training was focused on classroom (for academic credit) work at both the undergraduate and graduate level. IEM 4923 (Energy and Water Management) was developed to serve both the IAC as well as non-IAC students. It was delivered once per year, with enrollments of typically 10 to 20 students. This course was required for IAC student employees, both undergraduate and graduate. This course was patterned after the AEE CEM (five-day) course for practicing professionals. IEM 4923 required each student to attend at least one on-site assessment and write at least one recommendation for their client’s report. Hence, a hands-on approach was practiced. Advance level courses were used to train graduate students. Two courses played major roles here: IEM 5923 (Advanced Energy and Water Management) and IEM 5943 (Hazardous Material and Waste). Graduate student participation in these courses helped the IAC to gain additional perspectives in on-site assessment and resulting recommendations. Numerous hands-on demonstration/training was conducted by directors and graduate students in order to gain proficiency in using the combustion analyzer, IR camera, logging equipment, light metering equipment, and other equipment. Instruction included usage and basic maintenance. While undergraduate students worked with the coursework and on-the-job training, graduate students were expected to do more. A typical MS student was required to complete a 3-hour independent study in some interesting facet of energy management under the supervision of a director. PhD students were expected to complete from three to six hours of independent study work in the energy management field, as well as center their dissertation research in the general area of energy/productivity/quality management. During the project period, two PhDs were completed, with several more near completion.

Kolarik, William J.

2007-02-26

325

Industrial Outlook Report: Fishing Industry-Portugal, 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Portugal joined the European Community (EC) in 1986. The move appears to have produced temporary instability in Portugal's fishing industry; fish landings decreased, imports increased, and consumer prices remained the same, even though the quality of fish...

M. Harrington C. Webster

1988-01-01

326

MUTAGENISTIC TESTING OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES FROM REPRESENTATIVE ORGANIC CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The general applicability of the Ames test for screening wastewater samples was investigated. Application of the Ames test to raw and treated wastewaters from representative organic chemical industries involved the investigation of several problems: (1) the feasibility of using t...

327

Industry Waste Study. The Hawaii Sugar Industry Waste Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the State of Hawaii, wastes generated by agricultural activities, particularly sugar mill operations, are creating significant water pollution problems which threaten to interfere with the continued growth of the tourist industry, a leading factor infl...

1971-01-01

328

Industrial College of the Armed Forces Industry Studies 2003: Biotechnology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Biotechnology is a discipline that integrates biology, chemistry, physiology, information technology, engineering, and nanotechnology with the potential to revolutionize every aspect of modern life. This critical sector of United States industry is develo...

A. Aichouche M. D. Bergman B. E. Blaschke J. M. Brooks C. R. Fellows

2003-01-01

329

Guidance for Industry and FDA: Letter to Industry, State and ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... This new ALERT initiative is intended to raise awareness of state and local government agencies and the food industry regarding food defense ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/guidancedocumentsregulatoryinformation

330

Forging strategic partnerships with industry: The Industrial Fellows Program  

SciTech Connect

Science, technology, and industrial policy are at an important nexus due to long developing trends in the national and international economy and recent events in national security affairs. The research and development assets built by the American taxpayer in response to the Cold War face a quest for relevance in the new era. National competitiveness in international markets has emerged as an important new priority. To better understand the perspective of US industry the management of the Los Alamos National Laboratory has initiated an Industrial Fellows Program which has placed six individuals at US corporations. Their goal is to create strategic partnerships through increased understanding of technical needs of industry and the technical capabilities of the Laboratory.

Adams, K.; Castain, R.; Hynes, M.V.; Sanders, V.; Siemon, R.; Tellier, A.; Tiedman, A.; Umbarger, J.; Wilson, M.

1995-04-01

331

Target Industry Studies on Laser and CAD/CAM Industries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Flint-Genesee Corporation (FGC) has identified two target industries for economic growth: (1) light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation (laser); and (2) computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing, as having the potential for dive...

1983-01-01

332

Knowledge industry: a powerful mechanism.  

PubMed

The paper deals with the pharmaceutical industry's links to the knowledge industry, through powerful marketing strategies. With the aim of scientifically legitimizing its products, the pharmaceutical industry interferes with the production of medical knowledge. In the form of a mechanism for directing economic interests, it funds drug research, biases its results and stimulates the production and publication of scientific papers. This is a mechanism that threatens important ethical issues: it transforms the process of scientific legitimization into a marketing strategy, compromises the credibility of the process of constructing medical knowledge and encourages distortions of the criteria for evaluating the quality of scientific papers. PMID:20140344

Miguelote, Vera Regina da Silva; Camargo Jr, Kenneth Rochel de

2010-02-01

333

Ocean industry facts and forecasts  

SciTech Connect

Facts and forecasts relating to the offshore industry outlook are presented. Trends are discussed in geophysics, drilling, marine transportation, helicopters, shipyards, underwater work, platforms, mooring terminals, subsea completions, and pipeline construction. An optimistic forecast for all sectors of offshore industry is presented based on the growing demand for oil and gas supplies, record high prices, favorable political changes, available leases of offshore acres and concessions, the entrance of third world countries into the petroleum industry, and the possible yield of exploration in frontier areas.

Not Available

1980-10-01

334

Industry awakens to NASA technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

AIAA's Corporate Associates Program promotes links between NASA and industry and promises to boost the international competitiveness of U.S. industry. Small groups of touring executives see lab and shop presentations arranged by the program, where they are introduced to novel NASA-related technology. If a corporation is willing to take risks to advance an embryonic technology, NASA may grant exclusive rights. One of these technical exchange agreements is described. The main potential benefit for NASA is the creation of a possible source of capital for space industrialization.

McHugh, D.

1982-06-01

335

ICT Industry and Employment Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page, from the Mid-Pacific Information and Communications Technology Center, provides some general background information on the ICT industry and employment. The main purpose of this webpage is to highlight research undertaken by the Mid-Pacific ICT Center on the industry's role in the larger picture of employment in the United States. Links to 2009's Phase 1 Environmental Scan and 2010's ICT Industry and Employment outlook are included, along with information about a current study on the ICT employment and education framework.

2011-08-03

336

[Development, health-industrial complex and industrial policy].  

PubMed

This paper puts health questions within the context of national development and industrial policy. It follows the idea of structuralist, Marxist and Schumpeterian approaches, in which industry and innovations form determining factors for the dynamism in capitalist economies and relative positions within the world economy. All countries that have developed and started to compete under better conditions with advanced countries have had an association between strong industry and an endogenous knowledge, learning and innovation base. However, in the field of health, this vision presents problems because business interests move according to the economic logic of profit rather than to meet health needs. The notion of the health-industrial complex is an attempt to provide a theoretical reference that enables linkage between two distinct types of logic: health and economic development. This study has sought to show, on the basis of foreign trade data, how disregard for the logic of health policy development has led to a situation of economic vulnerability in this sector, which may limit the objectives of universality, equality and comprehensiveness. Within this context, a cognitive and political break with these antagonistic visions that put health needs on one side and industrial needs on the other is proposed. A country that aims to reach a condition of development and independence requires strong innovative industries and an inclusive and universal health system, at the same time. PMID:16924298

Gadelha, Carlos Augusto Grabois

2006-08-01

337

The timber industries of Maryland  

Treesearch

Description: A periodic evaluation of statewide industrial timber output based upon ... and manufacturing residue use are presented along with 20 statistical tables. ... and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.

338

Industrial Solid Waste Classification Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A classification system for industrial processing wastes was developed based on waste stream characteristics, materials components, and chemical composition. An associated inventory form was devised for systematic reporting of a variety of waste descripto...

J. B. Berkowitz F. March R. Horne

1975-01-01

339

HANDLING GASEOUS FLUORINE IN INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Procedures and equipment are described for the safe handling of gaseous ; fluorine in industrial plants. The design and fabrication of handling equipment, ; materials of construction, and safe operating procedures are discussed. (C.H.);

J. R. McGuffey; Rudolph Paluzelle; W. E. Muldrew

1962-01-01

340

Glossary of the petroleum industry  

SciTech Connect

Over 15,000 terms commonly used in the petroleum industry are presented. The terms are listed in both Spanish and English, and in addition, the differing terms and jargon used in various South American dialects are translated. (JMT)

Not Available

1982-01-01

341

Industry-Market Infrastructure Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The current solar heating and cooling industry consists of two types of vertically integrated firms: one vertically integrated from primary raw materials to collector module manufacture; the other from collector module to installation service. The first b...

1976-01-01

342

Production Methods in Industrial Microbiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares two methods (batch and continuous) in which microorganisms are used to produce industrial chemicals. Describes batch and continuous stirred-tank reactors and offers reasons why the batch method may be preferred. (JN)|

Gaden, Elmer L., Jr.

1981-01-01

343

Nanomedicine: Industry-wise research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic participation in nanomedicine research is welcomed by European industries. The recipe for success may or may not include creativity, but it will certainly require awareness of drug development and approval processes.

Mike Eaton

2007-01-01

344

Industrial Processes Influenced by Gravity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In considering new directions for low gravity research with particular regard to broadening the number and types of industrial involvements, it is noted that transport phenomena play a vital role in diverse processes in the chemical, pharmaceutical, food,...

S. Ostrach

1988-01-01

345

Collaboration With the Pharmaceutical Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A recorded presentation from the EB 2007 Careers Symposium - Guide for Successful Collaboration: From the Handshake to the Collaborative Research Agreement a presentation on the why, what, and how of industry collaborations.

PhD Stephen A Douglas (GlaxoSmithKline)

2007-04-07

346

Collaboration With the Pharmaceutical Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A powerpoint presentation file from the EB 2007 Careers Symposium - Guide for Successful Collaboration: From the Handshake to the Collaborative Research Agreement a presentation on the why, what, and how of industry collaborations.

PhD Stephen A Douglas (GlaxoSmithKline)

2007-04-07

347

Industrial Robots on the Line.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the history of robotics and its effects upon the manufacturing industry. Topics include robots' capabilities and limitations, the factory of the future, displacement of the workforce, and implications for management and labor. (SK)|

Ayres, Robert; Miller, Steve

1982-01-01

348

Interviewing in Industry vs. Academia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the EB 2006 Careers Symposium - Navigating the Interview: How to Make it Work for You a recorded presentation on how the different cultures of academia and industry influence the interview process.

PhD Richard Klabunde (Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine)

2006-04-07

349

Interviewing in Industry vs. Academia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the EB 2006 Careers Symposium - Navigating the Interview: How to Make it Work for You a powerpoint presentation file on how the different cultures of academia and industry influence the interview process.

PhD Richard Klabunde (Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine)

2006-04-07

350

Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Standard Industrial Classification was developed for use in the classification of establishments by type of activity in which they are engaged; for purposes of facilitating the collection, tabulation, presentation, and analysis of data relating to est...

1972-01-01

351

What Industry Expects of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Indian education must involve itself with the needs and goals of the struggling industrial society, in order to harness the resources of the country to increase material wealth, and to dispel poverty and hunger. (Author/PG)|

Suri, M. M.

1973-01-01

352

Reportable Food Registry for Industry  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

The Reportable Food Registry is an electronic portal for Industry to report that an article of food will cause serious adverse health consequences. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/complianceenforcement/rfr

353

Industrial Outlook Fishing: Panama, 1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Panamanian fishing industry set new production records in 1985 for shrimp (the country's second largest export), scallops, and anchovies. Though studies are incomplete, experts believe that the record performance can probably be attributed to the idea...

B. J. Stephenson

1986-01-01

354

Explosion safety in industrial electrostatics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complicated industrial systems are often endangered by electrostatic hazards, both from atmospheric (lightning phenomenon, primary and secondary lightning protection) and industrial (technological problems caused by static charging and fire and explosion hazards.) According to the classical approach protective methods have to be used in order to remove electrostatic charging and to avoid damages, however no attempt to compute the risk before and after applying the protective method is made, relying instead on well-educated and practiced expertise. The Budapest School of Electrostatics - in close cooperation with industrial partners - develops new suitable solutions for probability based decision support (Static Control Up-to-date Technology, SCOUT) using soft computing methods. This new approach can be used to assess and audit existing systems and - using the predictive power of the models - to design and plan activities in industrial electrostatics.

Szabó, S. V.; Kiss, I.; Berta, I.

2011-01-01

355

Sorting, Selection, and Industry Shakeouts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model of industry dynamics in which worker abilities are complements in production, but frictions permit\\u000a only gradual sorting among firms. As an industry matures, segregation by skill becomes more marked, the wage distribution\\u000a widens, and so does the distribution of firm size. Eventually, firms that have ended up with predominantly low-quality workers\\u000a will exit. The model

Peter Thompson; Mihaela Pintea

2008-01-01

356

Industrial Beamline Technologies And Approaches  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes industrial charged particle beamline technologies and design approaches. Beamlines accommodate myriad constraints in the radioisotope production, electron beam processing, and ion implantation market segments, and some very strange yet interesting solutions result. In this paper, a detailed look at a particular injection beamline solution gives some sense of the complexity of research and development required, and the sophistication of the beamline solutions that are utilized. A brief review of beamline applications in each industrial segment follows.

Dehnel, M. P. [D-Pace, Inc. P.O. Box 201, Nelson, B.C., V1L 5P9 (Canada)

2011-06-01

357

Dynamics of the soap industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  This has been a review of the dynamics of the soap industry. We have seen the growth of cleanliness and of a recognition of\\u000a the part cleanliness plays in health and morale. We have traced the increase of industrialization which has brought low-priced\\u000a plumbing equipment, hot water in the home, and washing machines within the reach of all. Each has

Roy Peet

1952-01-01

358

Industrial Applications Analysis: Market Characterization and System Definition for Several Industries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A program to characterize the industrial process heat market by industry and location to identify key market sectors and to evaluate the feasibility of solar applications within specific industries is described. The fluid milk dairy industry was chosen fo...

K. C. Brown P. A. Ketels S. A. Stadjuhar

1979-01-01

359

New Zealand's Drug Development Industry  

PubMed Central

The pharmaceutical industry’s profitability depends on identifying and successfully developing new drug candidates while trying to contain the increasing costs of drug development. It is actively searching for new sources of innovative compounds and for mechanisms to reduce the enormous costs of developing new drug candidates. There is an opportunity for academia to further develop as a source of drug discovery. The rising levels of industry outsourcing also provide prospects for organisations that can reduce the costs of drug development. We explored the potential returns to New Zealand (NZ) from its drug discovery expertise by assuming a drug development candidate is out-licensed without clinical data and has anticipated peak global sales of $350 million. We also estimated the revenue from NZ’s clinical research industry based on a standard per participant payment to study sites and the number of industry-sponsored clinical trials approved each year. Our analyses found that NZ’s clinical research industry has generated increasing foreign revenue and appropriate policy support could ensure that this continues to grow. In addition the probability-based revenue from the out-licensing of a drug development candidate could be important for NZ if provided with appropriate policy and financial support.

Lockhart, Michelle Marie; Babar, Zaheer-Ud-Din; Carswell, Christopher; Garg, Sanjay

2013-01-01

360

INDUSTRIAL USE OF STORMWATER: A CASE STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents a cost analysis of stormwater reclamation for industrial subportable water supply, including industrial cooling and process, irrigation, and recreational water supply. As population and industry grow, water demand increases and water supply becomes more o...

361

Task force recommendations to transform UK industry.  

PubMed

A programme of actions established by the Healthcare Industries Task Force is set to turn the United Kingdom medical device technology industry into an industrial powerhouse. This article outlines how. PMID:16225284

Wilkinson, John

2004-12-01

362

Construction: A Report on the Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper seeks to define the construction industry, understand current conditions, and determine industry trends as they relate to the generation of US national power. It reviews several challenges confronting the construction industry and the role of g...

H. Conway M. Crandall K. Ryan G. Khalil D. Dodd

2005-01-01

363

Office of Industrial Technologies research in progress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) conducts research and development activities which focus on improving energy efficiency and providing for fuel flexibility within US industry in the area of industrial conservation....

1993-01-01

364

Economics of the Soviet Fishing Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The fishing industry in the national economy; Main stages in the development of the fishing industry; Management and planning in the fishing industry; The system of fishery kolkhozes, its importance and specific feagures; The raw material basis ...

N. P. Sysoev

1974-01-01

365

Industrial Outlook Report: Fishing Industry. Part 2. Mexican Fishing Industry, 1982-1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fishing industry, like many other sectors of the Mexican economy, has been adversely affected by Mexico's 1982 financial crisis. The Government has been forced to stop construction on several major development projects in 1982 and to delay others that...

1983-01-01

366

Industry Raps OSHA's Proposed Cancer Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the response of the American Industrial Health Council (AIHC) to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) genetic proposal for regulating chemical carcinogens in industry. (HM)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

1978-01-01

367

Guidance for Industry: Food Producers, Processors, and ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text Version... ????????????????????????????????????????? (Food Industry Information and Analysis Center ???? Food Industry ISAC) NIPC ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/guidanceregulation

368

The Industrial Advisory Committee: Organization and Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses an industrial advisory committee as a means for continuing frequent and relevant interaction between engineering technology faculty and the industrial community. Organizational details are described. (CS)|

Rath, Gerald A.

1981-01-01

369

Industrial enzymology: the application of enzymes in industry  

SciTech Connect

This reference book contains detailed data on kinetics of enzymes which relate mathematical models to actual industrial practice; comments on legislative thinking, toxicology, test systems, and guidance on industrial safety when working with enzymes; and explains the uses of enzymes for the following products or processes: potable alcohol, fuel alcohol, analytical applications, baking, brewing, dairy, detergents, effluents/by-products/biogas, flavors and colors, juice, leather, paper, plant tissues, proteins, starch, textiles, and wine. Seven biotechnical specialities are described: yeast processing, immobilized enzymes, membrane cleaning, glucose oxidase, edible oil processing, mineral oil/drilling muds, and dextranase and sugar processing. One chapter is devoted to a comparison of key characteristics of industrial enzymes by type and source. Another chapter lists enzyme groupings, specific data on suppliers, natural sources, current assays, and biochemical criteria. (CKK)

Godfrey, T.; Reichelt, J. (eds.)

1982-01-01

370

Phospholipases and their industrial applications.  

PubMed

Phospholipids are present in all living organisms. They are a major component of all biological membranes, along with glycolipids and cholesterol. Enzymes aimed at modifying phospholipids, namely, phospholipases, are consequently widespread in nature, playing very diverse roles from aggression in snake venom to signal transduction and digestion in humans. In this review, we give a general overview of phospholipases A1, A2, C and D from a sequence and structural perspective and their industrial application. The use of phospholipases in industrial processes has grown hand-in-hand with our ability to clone and express the genes in microbial hosts with commercially attractive amounts. Further, the use in industrial processes is increasing by optimizing the enzymes by protein engineering. Here, we give a perspective on the work done to date to express phospholipases in heterologous hosts and the efforts to optimize them by protein engineering. We will draw attention to the industrial processes where phospholipases play a key role and show how the use of a phospholipase for oil degumming leads to substantial environmental benefits. This illustrates a very general trend: the use of enzymes as an alternative to chemical processes to make products often provides a cleaner solution for the industrial processes. In a world with great demands on non-polluting, energy saving technical solutions--white biotechnology is a strong alternative. PMID:17221199

De Maria, L; Vind, J; Oxenbøll, K M; Svendsen, A; Patkar, S

2007-01-13

371

Computers in the coal industry  

SciTech Connect

This, the Third Conference on the Use of Computers in the Coal Industry, is an extremely important and effective medium for disseminating current application and new developments in this area of computerization in the coal industry. Coal industry leaders recognize that new technology and tighter control of operations will be an absolute necessity to remain competitive in the world energy market. The challenge for innovation to achieve greater productivity has never been greater. Automation is helping meet this challenge by controlling processes and flows in coal preparation plants, by monitoring mine ventilation and conveyor belt systems, and by controlling movement of mine production machinery, including longwall equipment, to name only a few. To assure continued progress in this area the industry must have professional people to design, manufacture, install and operate this technology. To keep abreast of this ever-changing technology, the present professionals on board must continually expand their horizons. At the University of Alabama, the latest coal industry computer applications were discussed at a conference and this book presents the compilation of those papers.

Wang, Y.J.; Grayson, R.L.; Sanford, R.L.

1986-01-01

372

New Industries in Southeast Asia’s Late Industrialization: Evolution versus Creation - The Automation Industry in Penang (Malaysia) considered  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discourse on industry development and policy practice in late industrialization countries in East and Southeast Asia has predominantly tended to relate the emergence of new industries to ‘creation’ by the state and thereby to the role of state intervention or involvement in industrial growth and restructuring. On the other hand the role and position of (local) entrepreneurship in the genesis

Leo van Grunsven

2006-01-01

373

The impact of industrial biotechnology.  

PubMed

In this review, the impact of industrial (or "white") biotechnology can have on our society and economy is discussed. An overview is given of industrial biotechnology and its applications in a number of product categories ranging from food ingredients, vitamins, bio-colorants, solvents, plastics and biofuels. The use of fossil resources is compared with renewable resources as the preferred feedstock for industrial biotechnology. A brief discussion is also given of the expected changes in society and technology, ranging from the shift in the supply of resources, the growing need for efficiency and sustainability of the production systems, changing consumer perception and behaviour and changing agricultural systems and practices. Many of these changes are expected to speed up the transition from a fossil-based to a bio-based economy and society. PMID:16897819

Soetaert, Wim; Vandamme, Erick

374

Industrial ecology: a philosophical introduction.  

PubMed Central

By analogy with natural ecosystems, an industrial ecology system, in addition to minimizing waste production in processes, would maximize the economical use of waste materials and of products at the ends of their lives as inputs to other processes and industries. This possibility can be made real only if a number of potential problems can be solved. These include the design of wastes along with the design of products and processes, the economics of such a system, the internalizing of the costs of waste disposal to the design and choice of processes and products, the effects of regulations intended for other purposes, and problems of responsibility and liability. The various stakeholders in making the effects of industry on the environment more benign will need to adopt some new behaviors if the possibility is to become real.

Frosch, R A

1992-01-01

375

Public concern about industrial hazards  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors propose adopting a noncognitive perspective for the understanding of people's anxiety or, its opposite, feelings of security about living near hazardous industrial facilities. Results of their empirical investigations among residents of a heavily industrialized area indicate that at least four qualitatively different response patterns exist: the Secure, the Accepting, the Defensive, and the Vigilant response. In this order manifest anxiety increases, which increase is shown to be a function of the assessment of the threat, of the opportunities for personal control (specific), and of hope (generalized) to bring about a better environment by one's own action. As an application of the usefulness of this typology they discuss the various explanations for the often-observed male/female difference in anxiety regarding industrial threat.

Stallen, P.J.M.; Tomas, A.

1988-06-01

376

Infomat: Fashion Industry Business Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The fashion industry has many facets, and aspiring students who hope to break into the field may find themselves wondering about such aspects as marketing, industry trends, and the expansive world of fabrics and textiles. All of these subjects are covered on the Infomat website, which includes a "Guides" section, where visitors can learn about accessories, apparel marts, designer collections, and modeling agencies, among other areas of interest. Instructors will also appreciate the site's versatility, as they may be intrigued by the "News" area, which contains news digests from the areas of textiles, retail, and apparel. The site is rounded out by a "Community" area, which features a searchable calendar of events and a "Who's Who" section that provides brief biographies of industry leaders like Yves Saint Laurent and Issey Miyake.

377

The political economy of declining industries: Senescent industry collapse revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many observers have noted a strong tendency for protection, once it is instituted, to persist over time. This paper first shows that persistent protection arises whenever lobbying is an alternative to costly adjustment. With endogenous protection, the level of tariffs is an increasing function of past tariffs: the more an industry lobbies, the greater the current protection it receives and

S. Lael Brainard; Thierry Verdier

1997-01-01

378

Industrial Electronics Curriculum Guide. Michigan Trade and Industrial Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This task-based curriculum guide for industrial electronics is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a career ladder, a matrix relating duty/task numbers to job titles, and a task list. Each task…

Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

379

Industrial Electricity: Motors. Oklahoma Trade and Industrial Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides competency-based instructional materials for training in the field of industrial electricity. Materials are not geared to a specific grade level and may be used with secondary and postsecondary students as well as part- and full-time adult students. The guide includes three sections and ten instructional units. Each…

Teague, Cash; Pewewardy, Garner

380

High technology industries: Profiles and outlooks. The semiconductor industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This profile is designed to assess the international competitive position of the U.S. Semiconductor Industry; pinpoint the major foreign and domestic challenges to American semiconductor manufacturers; and present for discussion possible options in terms of U.S. government policies affecting the sector's international standing.

381

High technology industries: Profiles and outlooks. The telecommunications industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This profile is designed to: (1) assess the international competitive position of the U.S. Telecommunication Equipment Industry; pin point the major foreign and domestic challenges to American Telecommunication equipment manufacturers; and present for discussion possible options in terms of U.S. government policies affecting the sector's international standing.

382

Industry Sector Analysis Mexico: Chemicals for the Food Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The total market for chemicals for the food industry amounted to 432 million USD in 1989 and to 480 million USD in 1990. By the end of 1991 it is expected that the market will reach 547.2 million USD. The market is expected to grow at an average rate of 1...

1991-01-01

383

News Media and Strategic Communications Industry, Industry Study, Spring 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The news media industry and the U.S. national security strategy have been inextricably linked since the founding of the country, when newspaper articles became the medium for widespread public discussion. In the globalized 21st century, the news media ind...

C. S. Ey J. M. Ahlgrimm J. P. Eckardt M. G. Binder N. K. Andrews

2008-01-01

384

Information and Communications Technology Industry. Industry Study, Spring 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Information and Communications Technology (ICT) industry is vital to the United States' national security and our economic strength, and has been the catalyst for the economic boom observed in the world over the past ten years. Because of its strategi...

M. Bremer M. Gadih R. Baldinger R. Claflin T. Applegate

2008-01-01

385

Communication in industrial research laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Industrial physicists publish their research results in internal company reports as well as in physics journals. In internal reports, research findings are communicated primarily to engineering and management groups. Because of the specific needs and preferences of these groups, the criteria for internal reports are different from those usually considered best for an ''outside'' publication. For the same reason, oral presentations in a company differ from those for a professional society meeting. The criteria for communications inside and outside a company are compared since physics graduates entering industry must be made aware of these differences-preferably before they graduate.

Jamerson, Frank E.

1982-10-01

386

Industrial Biotechnology: Discovery to Delivery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fermentation products have penetrated almost every sector of our daily lives. They are used in ethical and generic drugs, clinical and home diagnostics, defense products, nutritional supplements, personal care products, food and animal feed ingredients, cleaning and textile processing, and in industrial applications such as fuel ethanol production. Even before knowing about the existence of microorganisms, for thousands of years ancient people routinely used them for making cheese, soy sauces, yogurt, and bread. Although humans have used fermentation as the method of choice for manufacturing for a long time, it is only now being recognized for its potential towards sustainable industrial development.

Chotani, Gopal K.; Dodge, Timothy C.; Gaertner, Alfred L.; Arbige, Michael V.

387

Industrial uses of wood char  

SciTech Connect

The quality and feasibility of wood char utilization in various industries are reported. Wood char provides fuel not only for cooking and domestic heating but also for many industrial purposes, such as manufacture of iron and some ferro-alloys, recovery of gold and other nonferrous metals from their leached solutions, manufacture of chemicals and medicines, burning of bricks and glass, and removal of toxic substances from their solutions. The selection of wood char for these purposes is made on the basis of its properties, such as chemical composition, reactivity, heating value, electrical resistivity, adsorption capacity, and strength.

Kumar, M.; Gupta, R.C. [Banaras Hindu Univ., Varanasi (India)

1998-08-01

388

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01

389

Industrial market for geothermal energy in Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industrial potential of geothermal energy in Colorado has been little discussed in the past but industrial use is an attactive prospect for both consumers and producers\\/distributors of geothermal energy. This investigation was conducted to help identify the industrial market demand for geothermal energy. The 58 known low- to moderate- temperature geothermal sites in Colorado afford opportunities for industrial applications.

B. A. Coe; K. McCarthy; R. H. Pearl

1982-01-01

390

Ten Years of a Modern Hemp Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ten years ago the hemp industry was in decline. Efforts of entrepreneurs and activists have reversed that trend. The modern hemp industry is beginning to see mainstream uses in a variety of industries including food, body care, clothing, accessories, paper and automotive. The future is bright, but factors that can impede the growth of the industry are discussed.

Don E. Wirtshafter

2004-01-01

391

Quality of effluents from Hattar Industrial Estate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of 6634 registered industries in Pakistan, 1228 are considered to be highly polluting. The major industries include textile, pharmaceutical, chemicals (organic and inorganic), food industries, ceramics, steel, oil mills and leather tanning which spread all over four provinces, with the larger number located in Sindh and Punjab, with smaller number in North Western Frontier Province (NWFP) and Baluchistan. Hattar Industrial

392

Forest Products -- Industry of the Future  

SciTech Connect

This 8-page brochure describes the partnership between the forest products industry and DOE's Office of Industrial Technologies. It highlights the benefits to industry of working with the Forest Products Industry of the Future Team to reduce energy consumption and lower costs.

NONE

2000-11-20

393

Partnership Initiatives to Foster Nanotechnology Industry Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the initiatives taken to develop industry relevant education and research programs, to address issues to foster industry development. In order to develop the initiatives, the paper firstly discussed the Australian economic development and also highlights important aspects for Victoria industry development. Subsequently, impacts and benefits of nanotechnology are presented to highlight the importance of the industry development

Jugdutt Singh

394

Quality Management in Pakistan's Readymade Garments' Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pakistan's readymade garments' industry is a key player in Pakistan's industry in general, and its textile industrial output and exports in particular. In a liberalizing international trade regime, quality will be a critical success factor in the international competitiveness of Pakistan's readymade garments. Research in quality management in Pakistan's readymade garments' industry was undertaken. To gain further information, a postal

Mahnaz Fatima; Ejaz Ahmed

2005-01-01

395

Foreign Manufacturing Investment in China: The Role of Industrial Agglomeration and Industrial Linkages  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThis paper investigates the forces that determine the industrial distribution of foreign manufacturing investment. It highlights the importance of industrial agglomeration and industrial linkage in attracting foreign investment to manufacturing industries. Using panel data for two-digit manufacturing industries in Beijing during the period of 1999-2004, this study finds that geographically agglomerated industries with strong intra-industrial linkages are indeed attractive to

Canfei He

2008-01-01

396

Tutorial: simulation in the hospitality industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT This tutorial article addresses the use of simulation ,in the hospitality industry, in particular the use of simulation in the fast food restaurant industry. Although the application ofsimulation,to any ,system follows the same basic series ofsteps in an iterative fashion, there are unique aspects of the fast food restaurant industry that must ,be addressed when,applying simulation to that ,industry’s

Darrell W. Starks; Todd C. Whyte

1998-01-01

397

Discrimination in the restaurant industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considers the discrimination in various areas of the restaurant industry, looking first at the discrimination of the customer. Covers areas of race, sexual orientation and people with disabilities, citing case law as examples in each. Continues by covering the employees in relation to race, sex, gender and pregnancy. Outlines discrimination in advertising and suggests that education is the key to

Sharon Carton; Brian H. Kleiner

2001-01-01

398

Job Prospects for Industrial Engineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent economic growth and improved manufacturing profitability are supporting increased employment for industrial engineers. Promising areas include modernizing manufacturing technology and productivity with large amounts of hiring in aerospace, electronics, and instrumentation. Percentages of women employed in these fields for 1982 and 1983 are…

Basta, Nicholas

1985-01-01

399

Competition Policies for Industrializing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper examines the nature and impact of barriers to competition in industrializing countries. Included are 26 low- and middle-income economies with a manufacturing sector producing at least $2 billion in value added in 1985. These countries account fo...

C. R. Frischtak B. Hadjimichael U. Zachau

1989-01-01

400

INDUSTRIAL REUSE OF URBAN STORMWATER  

EPA Science Inventory

As population and industry grow, water demand increases, and water supply becomes more of a problem. It has been estimated that the total gross water intake for all purposes in the United States will exceed the total available water supply of 650 billion gal/day (2.5 billion cu m...

401

Localised learning and industrial competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in the international economy have gradually shifted the basis of industrial competitiveness from static price competition towards dynamic improvement, bene- fiting firms that are able to create knowledge faster than their competitors. The paper argues that proximity between firms plays an important role in interactive learning processes and that knowledge creation is supported by the institutional embodiment of tacit

Peter Maskell; Anders Malmberg

1995-01-01

402

THE DYNAMICS OF INNOVATIVE INDUSTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work captures and analyzes the fundamental dynamics of innovative industries with a System Dynamics model. We selectively reviewed the innovation literature, identified the dynamics to be modelled, formulated a conceptual model of these dynamics, and then developed the initial simulation model. By design the conceptual model is simple and generic. It is intended to apply to a broad range

Henry Birdseye Weil; James M. Utterback

2005-01-01

403

Nuclear Fission Industry In Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Status of the nuclear fission industry in Japan is described. Japanese nuclear policy, vision, goals, and supporting organizational structures are reviewed. The facilities of the Japanese Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC), and the Japan Atomic Power Company (JAPCO) are illustrated and described. Nuclear power statistics and power generation costs by power

Floyd A Wyczalek

1990-01-01

404

Australia examines gas industry's future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian natural gas industry, seeking to increase supplies to the eastern states, is debating how new fields in the North West Shelf can be exploited and still protect the national interest. The development of Australian Gas Light Co. price schemes for natural gas influenced the size and character of the natural gas pipeline systems. Plans for transmission to Sydney

1978-01-01

405

China's expanding natural gas industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modern development of China's natural gas industry is portrayed against a background of historical information dating back to the 11th century. Modern Chinese governments have vigorously pushed the exploration and development of natural gas resources. At the same time that exploration and development of China's largest natural gas site (Szechwan Basin) has been taking place, discoveries of natural gas

1979-01-01

406

Finance for Industrial Arts Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the purposes of this study were to determine (1) the numbers of industrial arts programs receiving federal funds by state or territory; (2) grade levels of federally funded courses; and (3) the number of programs that were receiving special funding for students with special needs. (LRA)

Young, La Verne; Pesce, Frank

1980-01-01

407

Connecting the Chain - Industry Alliances  

Microsoft Academic Search

Probably one of the most popular buzz phrases in U.S. Industry today is Strategic Alliances. Perhaps, we should take a minute to define what a Strategic Alliance is because we are seeing some indiscriminate use of the phrase. Definition. Two or more independent parties combine their respective strengths such as their assets, resources, and management, which are synergistic with one

Paul F. Engler

1993-01-01

408

Legal Issues for Industrial Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is designed to help industrial educators develop a basis for making decisions based on sound legal and ethical considerations--decisions related to students, colleagues, equipment, and money. The issues also concern administrators, advisory-committee members, risk managers, insurance representatives, and attorneys who work with…

Gathercoal, Forrest; Stern, Sam

409

Careers in the Aerospace Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The document briefly presents career information in the field of aerospace industry. Employment exists in three areas: (1) professional and technical occupations in research and development (engineers, scientists, and technicians); (2) administrative, clerical, and related occupations (engineers, scientists, technicians, clerks, secretaries,…

Federal Aviation Administration (DOT), Washington, DC. Office of General Aviation.

410

Advances in Industrial Cryomagnetic Purification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the naturally occurring iron, titanium and chromium bearing minerals which accompany industrial minerals, such as quartz, feldspar, nepheline syenite, spodumene, andalusite, vermiculite, etc., exhibit either ferromagnetic or paramagnetic properties and can therefore be removed by means of magnetic treatment.Magnetic separators powered by either permanent magnets or electromagnetic coils, have been widely applied to removing iron titanium and chromium

G. GILLET; F. DIOT; R. JOUSSEMET

2000-01-01

411

Advances in Industrial Cryomagnetic Purification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the naturally occurring iron, titanium and chromium bearing minerals which accompany industrial minerals, such as quartz, feldspar, nepheline syenite, spodumene, andalusite, vermiculite, etc., exhibit either ferromagnetic or paramagnetic properties and can therefore be removed by means of magnetic treatment.

G. GILLET; F. DIOT; R. JOUSSEMET

2000-01-01

412

Industrial Education. Drafting. [Grade 9].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part of a series of curriculum guides dealing with industrial education in junior high schools, this guide provides a course on drafting to be used in the ninth grade. Thirteen goals are identified for the students to demonstrate: (1) a knowledge of the relationship between drafting and the work of designers, engineers, and architects; (2) an…

Parma City School District, OH.

413

Friction mechanism in industrial brakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mechanical brakes are acting not stochastically but surprisingly determined as the presented results measured on industrial brake systems will show. They help understanding these complex friction systems. An important mechanism is thereby the periodically change of the local friction intensity during the continuous friction process. Another essential influence on the friction properties are the metal particles that originate from the

D. Severin; S. Dörsch

2001-01-01

414

Conservation and the industrial customer  

SciTech Connect

Obvious differences between nonresidential and residential water customer markets call for a different marketing program for industrial, commercial, and institutional sectors. Although basic marketing tenets must be adhered to, the strategies are more complex, the communications are more vertical, and the message focuses more on costs and return on investment than on ethical or environmental sensibilities.

Ploeser, J.H. [City of Phoenix Water Services, AZ (United States)

1996-01-01

415

Industry and Trade Summary: Sugar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a summary of the U.S. sugar market, covering the basic factors affecting trends in consumption, production, and trade, as well as those bearing on the competitiveness of U.S. industry in domestic and foreign markets. Sugar and its pro...

2001-01-01

416

Evaluating Industrial R&D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of industrial research and development (R&D) must be simple and low cost, and it must contribute to corporate goals without distracting researchers from their research. These points are illustrated with reference to General Electric's Research and Development Center, which is the company's corporate laboratory. (SLD)

Robb, Walter L.

1994-01-01

417

Industrial thermal insulation: an assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In keeping with the objectives given in a National Plan for Energy Research, Development and Demonstration, the more effective utilization of thermal insulation within the industrial sector has been identified as a potential program area for energy conservation. The Energy Research and Development Administration commissioned the Metals and Ceramics Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to define the potentials

R. G. Donnelly; V. J. Tennery; D. L. McElroy; T. G. Godfrey; J. O. Kolb

1976-01-01

418

When Research Criticizes an Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When Robert W. Van Kirk released a study in January about selenium contamination in trout streams in southeastern Idaho, he expected some flak from the influential phosphate-mining industry. He did not expect to feel pressured by the administration of his own institution, Idaho State University, where he is an associate professor of mathematics.…

Blumenstyk, Goldie

2007-01-01

419

Guide for Industrial Waste Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this Guide is to provide facility managers, state and tribal regulators, and the interested public with recommendations and tools to better address the management of land-disposed, non-hazardous industrial wastes. The Guide can help facilit...

2004-01-01

420

Industrial Art: Mission to Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a story about industrial art. It is certainly not a story about smart studios and fashionable galleries, subtle techniques and aesthetic beauty. This is a story of sheet rock, nails, and low-grade lumber in the hands of unskilled teenage laborers. While this story boasts of no future museum pieces, it tells a heartwarming story of rare…

Wilhelm, Mike

2009-01-01

421

Industrial Applications Perspective of Nanodielectrics  

SciTech Connect

The field of nanodielectrics has had a significant impact on voltage endurance characteristics of electrical insulation. Improved time-to-breakdown behavior, resulting in reduced aging of insulation, and enhanced thermal stability are of considerable importance in industrial applications. This chapter discusses several specific aspects of nanodielectrics and their role in the future of electrical insulation and dielectric sciences.

Tuncer, Enis [ORNL; Sauers, Isidor [ORNL

2009-01-01

422

Agribusiness Industry Study Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The American agribusiness industry is in the midst of a global competition that is re-defining the role of US agriculture in the world marketplace. The forces that are shaping this competition include: the integration of world agricultural markets, world-...

J. Ascunce M. Burcham K. Couch J. Evans A. Frisk

2005-01-01

423

Industrial Hygiene: A Bright Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Development of programs of instruction in industrial hygiene include first the establishment of criteria for technical content of programs, competency of faculty, adequacy of resources, equipment and environment, and institutional administrative support. Secondly, these criteria need to be validated at selected institutions representing several…

Woolrich, Paul F.

1979-01-01

424

Enriching Planning through Industry Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strategic planning is an important tool, but the sole dependence on it across departments and campuses has resulted in the underutilization of equally important methods of analysis. The evolution of higher and postsecondary education necessitates a systemic industry analysis, as the combination of new providers and delivery mechanisms and…

Martinez, Mario; Wolverton, Mimi

2009-01-01

425

Analysis of the Physiotherpay Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The physiotherapy industry can be analysed using Porter's (1979) five forces. Physiotherapy uses medical, geographic and funding segmentation. The power of the buyers in these segments is considerable. Substitutes are posing a threat to physiotherapy with few barriers to entry to operate in the health care environment. The suppliers, particularly doctors, have significant power in referring clients. Competitive rivalry for

Lorraine Sheppard

1997-01-01

426

Industry Training: Causes and Consequences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on Australian organizations in five industry sectors--building and construction, food processing, electronics manufacturing, retailing, and finance and banking--has identified these three key drivers of enterprise training: workplace change, quality assurance, and new technology. Operation of the training drivers is moderated by a range…

Smith, Andrew; Freeland, Brett

427

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the first off-reservation boarding school and began the social experiment of assimilation of Native Americans into American culture. For almost 40 years, from 1879 to 1918, the school sought to civilize "savage" Indian children. Richard H. Pratt, founder of the school, believed that the school was the…

Satterlee, Anita

428

APPLICATIONS: ENERGY AND CHEMICALS INDUSTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trend to smaller and smaller structures, that is, miniaturization, is well known in the microelectronics industry, evidenced by the rapid increase in computing power through reduction of the area and volume needed per transistor on chips. In the energy and chemicals areas, this same trend towards miniaturization, i.e., control of function and\\/or structure at the nanoscale, also is occurring,

D. Co; S. T. Picraux

429

Industrial Robots for Patient Support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Flexibility, precision, and capability to support the clinical workflow make robots the ideal choice for ion beam therapy (IBT) facilities for use in patient positioning. To fulfill the clinical needs in IBT, an industrial robot patient positioner needs to be carefully designed regarding applications and safety issues as well as precision and handling.

Sommer, Andres

430

Physicians and the Pharmaceutical Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context Controversy exists over the fact that physicians have regular contact with the pharmaceutical industry and its sales representatives, who spend a large sum of money each year promoting to them by way of gifts, free meals, travel subsidies, spon- sored teachings, and symposia. Objective To identify the extent of and attitudes toward the relationship between physicians and the pharmaceutical

Ashley Wazana

2006-01-01

431

Potable Water from Industrial Wastewater  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the study was to treat the textile wastewater and convert it into potable grade water in the laboratory scale. It involved a rigorous treatment procedure involving screening, coagulation, flocculation, aeration, biological treatment, filtration and ion exchange. From the analysis of the treated water it can be said that the industrial waste water can be converted into potable

M. S. Ali; M. R. Khan; T. Afroz

2008-01-01

432

EUROPEAN INDUSTRIAL AND COMPETITION POLICY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses alternative perspectives on competition and industrial policies (IP) in theory and in practice and critically assesses recent European IP in this context. It develops a new framework for IP that emphasises the sustainability of value creation at the firm, meso and national levels, and explores its implications for IP in general and European IP in particular. It

Christos N. Pitelis

2007-01-01

433

Wind energy technology — Industrial update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an industrial update on the development of wind energy conversion systems (WECS). It highlights the two major types of wind turbines: horizontal axis and vertical axis. To enhance integration and deployment of wind technologies advancements in their operation has been development specifically with regards to enhanced efficiency, making them more robust and susceptible to wind variations. This

L. El Chaar; L. A. Lamont; N. Elzein

2011-01-01

434

Industrial Sales Decision-Making.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In high school distributve education classes the selling function is usually interpreted as it relates to retail sales. The industrial sales representative, however, must act on his own in the field, making decisions without consultation with his superiors. As the total distributive education program grows in sophistication, there is a need to…

Hephner, Tom

435

Faculty Growth through Industrial Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes and illustrates a number of aspects of the faculty development program at Delaware Technical and Community College (DTCC). After an introductory section providing a brief history of DTCC and the growth of its involvement in industrial training programs for local firms, section II presents guidelines for successfully…

Burke, Sherry W.; Winner, Connie

436

Industrial Hygiene: A Bright Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development of programs of instruction in industrial hygiene include first the establishment of criteria for technical content of programs, competency of faculty, adequacy of resources, equipment and environment, and institutional administrative support. Secondly, these criteria need to be validated at selected institutions representing several…

Woolrich, Paul F.

1979-01-01

437

The Economics of Industrial Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is a stimulating and original introduction to the economics of industrial society. It is intended for use as a student text, but will also be of interest to all those - whether students or teachers - looking for new ways of understanding the economic problems of industrialised countries. It provides an effective critique of current economic theories, and

Michio Morishima

1986-01-01

438

Mushroom Industry Technical Assistance Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study investigates various ways that the industry can help itself - both growers and processors. The study looked into new marketing areas, new ways to process and can mushrooms, the nutritional value of mushrooms, an energy audit study for the growe...

1982-01-01

439

Industrial safety improvements at BNFL  

Microsoft Academic Search

BNFL, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of British Nuclear Fuels (BNF) plc of the United Kingdom, provides nuclear facility decontamination and decommissioning, environmental remediation, and nuclear waste management services to the government and industry in the United States. The majority of current work is for the US Department of Energy at several sites. Reactor decommissioning services and spent-fuel storage casks

2000-01-01

440

Industrial Safety Improvements at BNFL  

Microsoft Academic Search

BNFL, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of British Nuclear Fuels (BNF) plc of the United Kingdom, provides nuclear facility decontamination and decommissioning, environmental remediation, and nuclear waste management services to the government and industry in the United States. The majority of current work is for the U.S. Department of Energy at several sites. Reactor decommissioning services and spent-fuel storage casks

Carl B. Smith

2000-01-01

441

Factors facilitating construction industry development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key factors associated with construction industry development worldwide are identified by using a grounded theory approach. This first involved the identification of 62 variables from earlier studies. A questionnaire survey was then used to elicit views of the current strength of each variable. The resulting data were factor analysed and a set of eight key factors obtained comprising the

Paul Fox; Martin Skitmore

2007-01-01

442

K-12 and industry partnering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional animators and digital effects artists and companies often work with high school teachers to explore relationships that can be developed and maintained between high schools and industry. The goals of this panel are to make more educators aware of the on-line and in person mentoring, sharing, and peer training that can occur in graphics, animation and related fields for

Darlene Wolfe; Jeff Scheetz; Roger Cotton; Timothy Comolli; Chris Stapleton

2002-01-01

443

Teachers/Industry/Education Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide provides information to teachers, business/industry representatives, and local administrators who are interested in working together to update technical/teaching skills of vocational teachers. It contains a purpose, objectives, and a list of activities designed to upgrade teacher occupational competencies. Information for…

Schneider, Sherrie; Brookhart, Donna

444

Industry Training: Causes and Consequences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on Australian organizations in five industry sectors--building and construction, food processing, electronics manufacturing, retailing, and finance and banking--has identified these three key drivers of enterprise training: workplace change, quality assurance, and new technology. Operation of the training drivers is moderated by a range…

Smith, Andrew; Freeland, Brett

445

Industrial applications of thermal plasmas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main characteristics and applications of thermal plasmas are reviewed here. The industrial applications of thermal plasmas can be divided in: low power–cutting, welding, spraying; metallurgical and steelmaking; materials; environment. Some of the processes described in this article include: powder spraying, metal refining, tundish and laddle heating, production of ferroalloys and ceramic materials, and treatment of residues (aluminum scrap, steel

Roberto Nunes Szente

1995-01-01

446

Industrial plasma torches and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plasma technology has given a new direction and impetus to many industrial operations by opening up a new range of mechanical, chemical and metallur- gical processing techniques. The high temperatures together with the high reactivity due to the presence of free ions and radicals, make the plasma a powerful medium to promote high heat transfer rates and chemical reactions. This

N. Venkatramani

447

Enriching Planning through Industry Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning is an important tool, but the sole dependence on it across departments and campuses has resulted in the underutilization of equally important methods of analysis. The evolution of higher and postsecondary education necessitates a systemic industry analysis, as the combination of new providers and delivery mechanisms and changing…

Martinez, Mario; Wolverton, Mimi

2009-01-01

448

Planning the Software Industrial Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author traces the US history of invention and technology transfer from the 1700s to the present and asks whether software development can stop being a process-centered cottage industry by the application of interchangeable parts technology. He maintains that a revolution is needed to accomplish this and outlines the steps of such a revolution. The author clarifies the meaning of

Brad J. Cox

1990-01-01

449

Bringing Industry to the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple pathways connect college-preparatory curriculums with exceptional career and technical education, motivating students to learn by helping them answer the question, Why do I need to know this? Real-world learning is organized around such industry sectors as finance and business; health science and medical technology; building and…

Hoachlander, Gary

2008-01-01

450

Building education/industry relationships  

SciTech Connect

A class project serves as an example of how synergistic relationships between educators and industry can benefit both students and solar companies. Assembly-based manufacturing for the next generation of solar consumer products may lend itself to efficient small and mid-sized manufacturing start-up companies.

McCabe, J. [Energy Ideas, Bethesda, MD (United States); Duffey, M. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)

1996-09-01

451

Physics and the communications industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

years, 1 tends to overshadow the dominant role that physics and physicists have played in its development.2,3 The purpose of this review is to explore this coupling and to show that the communications industry has not only made use of the results of academic physics research but has also contributed significantly to our present understanding of fundamental physics. Due to

W. F. Brinkman; D. V. Lang

1997-01-01

452

Redefining the Public Education Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that public education, as a contemporary industry, is more like business than any other organization. The traditional view of education defines the student as customer, the teacher as worker, teaching and learning as the products, and school boards as overly influential. An alternative paradigm is presented that defines school…

Tomlin, Michael E.

453

1985 US energy industry yearbook  

SciTech Connect

The annual yearbook directory designed to discuss the US petroleum industry is presented. The information is presented under the following topics: major intergrated oil companies, drilling and exploration companies, independent petroleum companies, petrochemical giants, engineering and construction companies, marketing and refining companies, and terminal companies.

Hoffman, C. (ed.)

1985-01-01

454

Industrial Marketing And Communications Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable similarity between consumer purchasing and business to business purchasing, although there are differences between communication strategies and activities. In industrial marketing communications tend to be information based, rational and designed to generate leads or inquires in support the sales staff. All members of the buying center must be reached and influenced; different message and media strategies may

Nurhan Tosun

455

Photovoltaic industry progress through 1984  

SciTech Connect

The growth of the US photovoltaics (PV) industry over the past decade has been impressive. First designed to provide power for satellites using high-cost production techniques, PV is now the economical choice in many remote terrestrial applications. The remarkable growth of PV in terms of quality of cells and modules, production techniques, and system design, was initiated by a cooperative effort of the US Government and the domestic PV manufacturers. European and Japanese firms entered the PV industry later, but are also growing rapidy. The Europeans continue to supply PV systems for village electrification and water pumping to many Third World countries. The Japanese have been developing the amorphous silicon (A-Si) technology by expanding its use in consumer goods. The world PV industry saw dramatic changes in industry ownership and in the emphasis on developing new and improved technology during 1984. The objective of this report is to present information on the developments of the world PV industry and focuses on developments occurring in 1984. Information is presented on a regional basis (US, Europe, Japan, other) to avoid disclosing company-confidential data. All information was gleaned from several sources, including a review of the technical literature and direct contacts with PV manufacturers. Prior to publishing the regional totals, all numbers were compared with those of other sources. The information contained in this report is prepared for use by the Department of Energy for their use in long-term R and D planning. However, this information should also be of interest by PV manufacturers and to those who may be contemplating entering the PV market. PV shipments for 1984, government supports for PV, and various PV market sectors are discussed.

Watts, R.L.; Smith, S.A.; Dirks, J.A.

1985-04-01

456

Competition and industrial policies in a ‘history friendly’ model of the evolution of the computer industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we explore some problems that industrial policy faces in industries characterized by dynamic increasing returns on the basis of a ‘history friendly model’ of the evolution of the computer industry. How does policy affect industry structure over the course of industry evolution? Is the timing of the intervention important? Do policy interventions have indirect and perhaps unintended

Franco Malerba; Richard Nelson; Luigi Orsenigo; Sidney Winter

2001-01-01

457

Extending the Industry Evolution Management Flight Simulators: Premium Golf Club and Solar Panel Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Industry Evolution Management Flight Simulator (MFS) was developed at the MIT Sloan School of Management for use in the MBA Strategic Management curriculum. The simulator portrays a generic firm and industry structure that is then adapted to various industries to illustrate different strategic environments. Earlier applications include the salt industry and video game console industry. Here, we summarize this

John Lyneis; Matthew Forrester; Joe C. Hsueh; John D. Sterman

458

Forecast on Hebei electronic information industry based on modern industrial system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern industrial system is the internal requirement for the fulfillment of Hebei's industrialization and scientific development. The forecast of the development of the electronic information industry will play an important role in formulating the developing strategy and planning, and in supporting the construction of modern industrial system. Due to the characteristic of the electronic information industry, which involves not only

Huizhen Kong; Hongqi Hui

2010-01-01

459

US industrial outlook, 1993: Business forecasts for 350 industries  

SciTech Connect

The 1993 U.S. Industrial Outlook provides estimates for major sectors of the economy in 1993 and industry projections to 1997. Data are based partly on the economic assumptions in the mid-session review of the 1993 Federal budget, issued in July 1992 by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). A brief review of economic developments in 1992 is a helpful introduction to the 1993 projections and assumptions. Economic growth during 1992 was less than was forecast in the late summer of 1991, not only in the United States, but also in the rest of the world generally. Economic fundamentals strengthened in 1992, laying the foundation for a pickup in the economy during 1993. Improvement in consumer and corporate balance sheets occurred in 1992 as the ratio of debt-service payments to income continued to decline. Inflation and interest rates eased in 1992, while the international competitiveness of the U.S. economy remained strong.

Not Available

1993-01-01

460

Inflatable packers move from petroleum industry to environmental industry  

SciTech Connect

Inflatable packers have been used extensively in the petroleum industry for cementing, testing, fracturing, plugging, and treatment of wells. Today the technology is being applied increasingly in the environmental and geotechnical areas, and the use of inflatable packers has become standard practice in these fields. With emerging applications, new tools are continually being developed. This paper describes three relatively new applications for inflatable packers in the environmental industry: (1) operating and sealing Class I injection wells, (2) isolating bedrock intervals for hydrogeological testing and sampling, and (3) pneumatic and hydraulic fracturing to increase recovery of contaminants. Electronic instrumentation is making possible the real time acquisition of data essential to the new applications. The use of a tipple tranducer sub-assembly for formation testing will be described. A purging and sampling technique employing packers that was developed at the Love Canal hazardous waste site will be briefly described.

Ross, B.J. [TAM International, Inc., Lititz, PA (United States)

1995-09-01

461

Industrial input-output analysis: implications for industrial ecology.  

PubMed Central

Industrial ecology will need to develop fundamentally new approaches to reducing, reusing, and recycling wastes. Industrial ecology will also require an analytic framework for examining the implications for the economic system as a whole of each potential web of industrial changes. A suitable framework is furnished by structural economics, which situates the economy within the physical world. This approach is based on dynamic analysis rather than static concepts of equilibrium, and optimization assumptions are used selectively rather than as the general solution mechanism. Input-output economics, an important formal model within structural economics, can trace the stocks and flows of energy and other materials from extraction through production and consumption to recycling or disposal. An input-output computation, including wastes, is presented; it illustrates the separate but integrated analysis of physical stocks and flows and of prices and costs. This paper also describes the major advances that have been made in the last decade in the extension of input-output economics to address increasingly complex questions, notably the fully dynamic physical/price/income model and the engineering/input-output data base. Economists need to be able to assess the costs of cleaning up and to develop incentive schemes to increase the likelihood this will happen. To do this, economists need to take on the difficult "how" questions that concern industrial ecologists since the cost, and indeed the wider implications, of cleaning up depends upon how it is done. Structural economics, and modern input-output models and data bases, in particular, can help meet this challenge.

Duchin, F

1992-01-01

462

76 FR 54794 - Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc., Plant #3, Asheboro, NC; Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...989A; TA-W-70,989B] Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc., Plant 3, Asheboro, NC; Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc., Plant 33, Asheboro...Klaussner of Iowa, a Division of Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc., Milford,...

2011-09-02

463

Effects of Pollution Control on the Nonferrous Metals Industries. Zinc. Part II. Structure of the Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report on the economic effects of pollution controls on the zinc industry provides a broad profile of the zinc industry. Discussed are the following areas: Trends in supply and the technology of production; Consumption; Structure of the industry; Pric...

1971-01-01

464

Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use: Chapter 11. The Synthetic Fiber Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The catalog of Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use was developed as an aid in defining the environmental impacts of industrial activity in the United States. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of th...

J. L. Parr

1977-01-01

465

Protection of industrial power systems  

SciTech Connect

The protection which is installed on an industrial power system is likely to be subjected to more difficult conditions than the protection on any other kind of power system. This book is intended to help achieve an understanding of the protection necessary and covers the whole area of industrial power system protection, starting with the many simple devices which are employed. Covers vital aspects such as the modern cartridge fuse, types of relays, and the role of the current transformer. Includes critical examination of the widely used inverse definite-minimum time overcurrent relay, the theory of the Merz-Price protection system and the development of the high-impedance relay system. Describes commissioning and maintenance testing of equipment.

Davies, T.

1983-01-01

466

Leadership for safety: industrial experience  

PubMed Central

The importance of leadership for effective safety management has been the focus of research attention in industry for a number of years, especially in energy and manufacturing sectors. In contrast, very little research into leadership and safety has been carried out in medical settings. A selective review of the industrial safety literature for leadership research with possible application in health care was undertaken. Emerging findings show the importance of participative, transformational styles for safety performance at all levels of management. Transactional styles with attention to monitoring and reinforcement of workers' safety behaviours have been shown to be effective at the supervisory level. Middle managers need to be involved in safety and foster open communication, while ensuring compliance with safety systems. They should allow supervisors a degree of autonomy for safety initiatives. Senior managers have a prime influence on the organisation's safety culture. They need to continuously demonstrate a visible commitment to safety, best indicated by the time they devote to safety matters.

Flin, R; Yule, S

2004-01-01

467

Biotechnology in the wood industry.  

PubMed

Wood is a natural, biodegradable and renewable raw material, used in construction and as a feedstock in the paper and wood product industries and in fuel production. Traditionally, biotechnology found little attention in the wood product industries, apart from in paper manufacture. Now, due to growing environmental concern and increasing scientific knowledge, legal restrictions to conventional processes have altered the situation. Biotechnological approaches in the area of wood protection aim at enhancing the treatability of wood with preservatives and replacing chemicals with biological control agents. The substitution of conventional chemical glues in the manufacturing of board materials is achieved through the application of fungal cultures and isolated fungal enzymes. Moreover, biotechnology plays an important role in the waste remediation of preservative-treated waste wood. PMID:12937955

Mai, C; Kües, U; Militz, H

2003-08-21

468

Translational informatics: an industry perspective  

PubMed Central

Translational informatics (TI) is extremely important for the pharmaceutical industry, especially as the bar for regulatory approval of new medications is set higher and higher. This paper will explore three specific areas in the drug development lifecycle, from tools developed by precompetitive consortia to standardized clinical data collection to the effective delivery of medications using clinical decision support, in which TI has a major role to play. Advancing TI will require investment in new tools and algorithms, as well as ensuring that translational issues are addressed early in the design process of informatics projects, and also given higher weight in funding or publication decisions. Ultimately, the source of translational tools and differences between academia and industry are secondary, as long as they move towards the shared goal of improving health.

2012-01-01

469

SWOT Analysis on an Emerging and Modern Service Industry: China R&D Industry Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The R&D industry is an emerging, top and modern service industry. China economy and other industries will benefit from the development of R&D industry. After analyzing the internal and external environments of China R&D industry with SWOT analysis method, we can draw a conclusion that there are not only strengths and weaknesses, but also opportunities and threats in R&D industry.

Yanwei Wang; Lucheng Huang; Xiaomei Luo

2010-01-01

470

From Philosophical to Industrial Logics  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the surprising developments in the area of program verification is how ideas introduced by logicians in the early part\\u000a of the 20th Century ended up yielding by the 21 Century industrial-standard property-specification languages. This development\\u000a was enabled by the equally unlikely transformation of the mathematical machinery of automata on infinite words, introduced\\u000a in the early 1960s for second-order

Moshe Y. Vardi

2009-01-01

471

Heavy Industry Applications of Sensornets  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Sensors are a cornerstone of heavy industrial operations. Manufacturing plants and general engineering facilities, such as\\u000a power plants or shipboard engine rooms, require a high degree of sensing to ensure product quality and\\/or efficient and safe\\u000a operation. Wireless sensor networks are a natural fit to meeting the demands of scale, data access and cost. However, the\\u000a nature and environment of

Philip Buonadonna; Jasmeet Chhabra; Lakshman Krishnamurthy; Nandakishore Kushalnagar

2005-01-01

472

Conservation profile: the chemical industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy-intensive chemical industry is responding to high prices by changing its energy management procedures. Many corporations are upgrading the positions of energy managers in their organizational structure. Savings have already been realized from converting gas-fired boilers to burn oil and coal and from housekeeping measures to increase efficiency. Capital investment, which is now needed for further energy-saving research, process

M. Millenson; D. A. Schmidt

1977-01-01

473

motion planning for industrial robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the problem of automatic off-line programming and motion planning for industrial robots. At first, a new concept consisting of three steps is proposed. The first step, a new method for on-line motion planning is in- troduced. The motion planning method is based on the A*-search algorithm and works in the implicit configuration space. During searching, the collisions

Heinz WÖRN; Christian WURLL; Dominik HENRICH

474

Industrial Applications Perspective of Nanodielectrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The field of nanodielectrics has had a significant impact on voltage endurance characteristics of electrical insulation. Improved\\u000a time-to-breakdown behavior, resulting in reduced aging of insulation, and enhanced thermal stability are of considerable importance\\u000a in industrial applications. This chapter discusses several specific aspects of nanodielectrics and their role in the future\\u000a of electrical insulation and dielectric sciences.

Enis Tuncer; Isidor Sauers

2009-01-01

475

Knowledge Management for Industrial Heritage  

Microsoft Academic Search

All along history, humans have always invented, created to improve their standard of living. Many machines have been built,\\u000a sometimes simple and others very complex. In order to achieve the best results for customers, machines, industrial plants\\u000a and humans are moved, displaced and replaced. It is the global humanity technical knowledge that disappears. Indeed, there\\u000a is a lack in the

Florent Laroche; Alain Bernard; Michel Cotte

476

Industrial applications of neutron diffraction  

SciTech Connect

Neutron diffraction (or, to be more general, neutron scattering) is a most versatile and universal tool, which has been widely employed to probe the structure, the dynamics and the magnetism of condensed matter. Traditionally used for fundamental research in solid state physics, this technique more recently has been applied to problems of immediate industrial interest, as illustrated in examples covering the main fields of endeavour. 14 refs., 14 figs.

Felcher, G.P.

1989-01-01

477

Industry Offers Opportunities and Incentives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV focuses on "hands-on learning in Electronics Engineering, industry needs that inform classroom practice, and the great incentives available for female students studying Laser and Photonics Technology." The episode can be watched in full or through the three segments. Running time for the full episode of this streaming video is 8:58.

2012-06-13

478

Investigating the semiconductor industry cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to investigate the links between semiconductor sales and various macroeconomic, financial, industrial variables including inventories, equipment orders or semiconductor sector stock index. Statistical properties of these variables are studied. Both short-run and long-run interactions are analysed. On the short-run, our results indicate that relationships often imply feedbacks. Through the implementation of cointegration analysis, we

M. Aubry; P. Renou-Maissant

2013-01-01

479

Ergonomics in industrialized dairy operations.  

PubMed

This paper presents a summary of a panel presentation by agriculture health and safety scientists on ergonomics of industrialized dairy parlor operations in the United States. Dairy industry trends in the United States were discussed in the panel presentation, which took place during the New Paths: Health and Safety in Western Agriculture conference, November 11-13, 2008. Dairy production is steadily moving to large-herd operations because of associated economies of scale and other economic and social conditions. Large-herd operations utilize a parlor milking system, as compared to a stanchion system used primarily in smaller operations. Each milking system presents different risks for worker injury. Low back, knee, and shoulder musculoskeletal symptoms were most frequently reported among workers in smaller dairy operations. Another study analyzing workers' compensation (WC) data from large-herd milking operations found nearly 50% of livestock-handling injury claims involved parlor milking activities. Nearly 27% of injuries were to the wrist, hand, and fingers, nearly 13% to the head or face, and 11% to the chest. Results indicated the vulnerability of these body parts to injury due to the worker-livestock interface during milking. More focused research should investigate milking practices and parlor designs as they relate to worker safety and health. Additional dairy-related injury research is vital given the trend towards large industrial milking operations. PMID:19894161

Douphrate, David I; Nonnenmann, Matthew W; Rosecrance, John C

2009-01-01

480

Accrediting industrial safety training programs  

SciTech Connect

There are job-specific training requirements established by regulations that Impose stringent training requirements on a contractor, for example, the Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA). Failure to comply with OSHA training requirements can result in severe penalties being levied against a company. Although an accredited training program is expensive, it is a possible solution for minimizing risks associated with job-specific training requirements for employees. Operating DOE contractors direct approximately 10 percent of the operating funds toward training activities. Training needs for contractors span a broad range, from requirements awareness training for managers, to general training required on a one-time basis for all employees, to highly specialized training programs for employees involved In clean-up operations at hazardous waste sites. With this kind of an investment in training, it is logical to maximize the most return on an investment of training funds and to limit exposure to liability suits whenever possible. This presentation will provide an overview of accredited industrial safety programs. The criteria for accredited industrial safety programs will be defined. The question of whether accredited training programs are necessary will be examined. Finally, advantages and disadvantages will be identified for accrediting industrial safety training programs.

Beitel, L.

1992-12-31

481

Accrediting industrial safety training programs  

SciTech Connect

There are job-specific training requirements established by regulations that Impose stringent training requirements on a contractor, for example, the Occupational Safety Health Act (OSHA). Failure to comply with OSHA training requirements can result in severe penalties being levied against a company. Although an accredited training program is expensive, it is a possible solution for minimizing risks associated with job-specific training requirements for employees. Operating DOE contractors direct approximately 10 percent of the operating funds toward training activities. Training needs for contractors span a broad range, from requirements awareness training for managers, to general training required on a one-time basis for all employees, to highly specialized training programs for employees involved In clean-up operations at hazardous waste sites. With this kind of an investment in training, it is logical to maximize the most return on an investment of training funds and to limit exposure to liability suits whenever possible. This presentation will provide an overview of accredited industrial safety programs. The criteria for accredited industrial safety programs will be defined. The question of whether accredited training programs are necessary will be examined. Finally, advantages and disadvantages will be identified for accrediting industrial safety training programs.

Beitel, L.

1992-01-01

482

Recording Industry Association of America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Recording Industry Association of America's (RIAA) site contains articles and statistics concerning the recording arts industry. The RIAA is a "trade group that represents the U.S. recording industry" and its members are responsible for roughly 90 percent of the sound recordings that are produced and sold in the U.S. A visitor seeking the best of their resources should click on the press room section at the top of the home page, there they will find six main sections, these include: must reads, news/views, guest columns, legal cases, photo gallery and research and data. These sections contain valuable information including current articles from around the web on piracy and new technology to the status of various legal cases that the organization is involved in. Another link from the home page visitors should see is the Issues section. Here users will find information spanning artist contracts, licensing and royalties, and a glossary. In all, this site is a resource that would be useful to instructors as well as students interested in the recording arts.

2006-12-25

483

Thermal limits for industrial workers  

PubMed Central

Bell, C. R., and Watts, A. J. (1971).Brit. J. industr. Med.,28, 259-264. Thermal limits for industrial workers. The literature on relationships between man's comfort, efficiency, and physical well-being and the nature of his thermal working environment is diverse and highly specific. Industrial practice requires more general `concensus' data on which to base reasonable recommendations for the establishment of thermal environmental limits. A series of three such limits is proposed which provide protection of the workers' comfort, efficiency, and physiological safety. For sedentary workers it is suggested that in summer an upper limit of 21·8°C C.E.T. is advisable if not less than 80% of workers are to be free from discomfort. Against a similar criterion in winter a lower limit of 15·5°C C.E.T. is proposed. An extrapolation of data from laboratory to industrial work-places provides a suggested limit for efficiency at skilled tasks at 26·7°C C.E.T. Finally, a limit of environmental severity based upon an absence of severe physiological distress in 95% of exposed workers is proposed which varies with the age and physical fitness of the workers and the physical demands of the work they are called upon to perform. Images

Bell, C. R.; Watts, A. J.

1971-01-01

484

Biomonitoring for the photovoltaics industry  

SciTech Connect

Biomonitoring often is used as a method for estimating the dose to an individual. Therefore, a parameter of measurement, or biomarkers must be identified. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of biomonitoring protocols for metals used in the photovoltaics industry. Special attention is given to areas that often are skimmed over, to gain insights into some of the problems that may arise when these tasks are carried out. Biological monitoring can be used to determine current human exposures to chemicals, as well as to detect past exposures, and the effects that these exposures may have on human health. It is used in conjunction with environmental monitoring to describe more completely worker`s exposures to, and absorption of, chemicals in the workplace. Biological specimens (e.g., blood, hair or urine) are analyzed for chemical agents, metabolites, or for some specific effect on the person (Lowry 1994). Biomonitoring can assess a workers exposure to industrial chemicals by all routes including skin absorption and ingestion. Although the methodology still is in its infancy, in cases where the procedures have been developed, it can be an invaluable component of an ongoing program of industrial hygiene monitoring. Like any technology, there are limitations to its effectiveness because of a lack of knowledge, contamination of specimens, and the introduction of errors.

Bernholc, N.M.; Moskowitz, P.D.

1995-07-01

485

Foundations for Excellence in the Chemical Process Industries. Voluntary Industry Standards for Chemical Process Industries Technical Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document discusses the Voluntary Industry Standards for Chemical Process Industries Technical Workers Project and issues of relevance to the education and employment of chemical laboratory technicians (CLTs) and process technicians (PTs). Section 1 consists of the following background information: overview of the chemical process industries,…

Hofstader, Robert; Chapman, Kenneth

486

Industry Sector Analysis, Canada: Locks and Latches.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service officers in Canada prepare market surveys for those industry sectors which offer the best sales prospects for American firms. The Industry Sector Analyses (ISA) contain statistical and narrative information on projected mar...

R. Cilia

1993-01-01

487

Industry Sector Analysis Canada: Household Furniture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service officers in Canada prepare market surveys for those industry sectors which offer the best sales prospects for American firms. These Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contain statistical and narrative information on projected m...

R. Cilia

1992-01-01

488

7 CFR 1215.8 - Industry information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Industry information means information and programs that will lead to the development of new markets, new marketing strategies, or increased efficiency for the popcorn industry, or activities to enhance the image of the popcorn...

2010-01-01

489

An Open Letter to American Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Citing the rising frequency of automobile recalls as proof of the decline of the automobile industry, this article humorously proposes six suggestions for reforming the industry. The suggestions are remarkably similar to recent proposals for the reform of schooling. (PGD)|

Schimmels, Cliff

1985-01-01

490

An Open Letter to American Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citing the rising frequency of automobile recalls as proof of the decline of the automobile industry, this article humorously proposes six suggestions for reforming the industry. The suggestions are remarkably similar to recent proposals for the reform of schooling. (PGD)

Schimmels, Cliff

1985-01-01

491

Acid rain: Impact on Southern industries  

SciTech Connect

These papers deal with the urgent problem of acid rain. Of particular interest to the conference was the impact on Southern industries. Papers deal with control technology, government policies, and industrial concerns.

Not Available

1986-01-01

492

Privatized Military Operations. Industry Study, Spring 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the early 1990s, governments have increasingly relied on private companies in the conduct of warfare, leading to the emergence of a robust global industry known as Privatized Military Operations (PMO). Consequently, today the PMO industry is integra...

2009-01-01

493

Assessment of the Coffee Industry in Jamaica.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report assesses the Jamaican coffee industry, especially the non-Blue Mountain coffee sector, with a focus on its potential for expansion and on the constraints thereto. Topics covered include the industry's history, legal and institutional framework,...

D. J. Black

1990-01-01

494

Strategic analysis of the industry for '93.  

PubMed

Continued industry consolidation and head-to-head competition, especially among large industrial companies is expected once again for 1993. Industry growth exceeding gross domestic product (GDP) also should continue. Although much of the industry experienced recession-imposed margin pressures during the past year, the low-inflation economy is providing a positive environment for improved profitability. The industry's core customer base continues to be stable. In fact, six of those industries--health and medical services, telecommunication services, communications, motor vehicles and parts, travel/transportation services, and food and related products--are among the top 12 U.S. industries picked for growth. TRSA's Long Range Planning Committee and association staff have developed this strategic analysis of the industry to help member companies develop their own action plans. PMID:10121719

1992-09-01

495

Industry and Trade Summary: Office Machines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The office machine industry is a mature industry undergoing significant change because of technological advances in digital electronics and the globalization of electronics production. It manufactures many products used by individuals, businesses, governm...

1996-01-01

496

Developments in Industrial Psychology in India.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper briefly describes the development of industrial psychology in India. It is divided into five parts: (1) Graduate training in psychology with special reference to industrial psychology; (2) Analysis of publications on psychology published in Indi...

H. C. Ganguli

1971-01-01

497

Thailand: Industrial Development Strategy in Thailand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses the following aspects of a strategy for industrial development in Thailand: Orientation of industrial growth and development strategy; investment incentives; import protection export incentives; regional incentives, and general suppor...

1980-01-01

498

Transforming and Building the Future Energy Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The petroleum industry is experiencing unprecedented change: increasing competition within a global context, deregulation in the European gas market, technological innovation that will fundamentally alter the economics of the industry. Sustainable Develop...

V. Ellis

1998-01-01

499

Impacts of Canada's Uranium Mining Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines economic and environmental impacts of uranium mining in Canada and compares these impacts with those of other extractive and energy industries. The uranium industry generates taxes and royalties, income, employment, foreign exchange ea...

G. J. Holman

1982-01-01

500

Weapons: A Report on the Industry 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The weapons industry provides critical support directly to the military element and indirectly to other (e.g., diplomatic, informational, and economic) elements of national power. The industry, with products ranging from nuclear weapons to non-lethal arms...

S. Maybaumwisniewski W. Kreitler L. Kerr J. Laurence

2004-01-01