Sample records for marketcompany esco industry

  1. The evolution of the US ESCO industry: From ESCO to SuperESCO

    SciTech Connect

    Vine, E.; Nakagami, Hidetoshi; Murakoshi, Chiharu

    1998-10-01

    As the restructuring of the U.S. electric utility industry proceeds, utility companies are expected to be either competing or partnering with Super ESCOs to provide energy-efficiency services and energy to utility customers. In this paper, Super ESCOs and utilities were interviewed to see how these organizations are currently interacting and planning to interact in the future. As part of this investigation, the types of products and services Super ESCOs will be providing in the future and how utility restructuring will affect their business were examined.

  2. The evolution of the U.S. ESCO industry: Is there a Super ESCO in your life?

    SciTech Connect

    Vine, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Nakagami, Hidetoshi; Murakoshi, Chiharu

    1999-04-01

    As the restructuring of the US utility industry proceeds, Super ESCOs are expected to be key players in providing energy and energy-efficiency services to utility customers, and utility companies are expected to be either competing or partnering with Super ESCOs. Super ESCOs are energy service companies, or ESCOs, that provide traditional energy services and supply gas and/or electricity (and/or other fuels) to customers. Examples would include such companies as Duke Solutions, Edison Source, Enron Energy Services, PG and E Energy Services, and Xenergy. The evolution of the US ESCO industry and, in particular, the relationship between utilities and Super ESCOs, is the focus of this article.

  3. An international survey of the energy service company (ESCO) industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Vine

    2005-01-01

    Energy service companies (ESCOs) are expected to play an important role in promoting energy efficiency in countries outside of the US. However, there have been no studies examining the current level of ESCO activity internationally. To correct for this deficiency, a survey was conducted in the Fall of 2002 to collect information on the following key topics for selected countries:

  4. Market trends in the U.S. ESCO industry: Results from the NAESCO database project

    SciTech Connect

    Goldman, Charles A.; Osborn, Julie G.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Singer, Terry E.

    2002-05-01

    The U.S. Energy Services Company (ESCO) industry is often cited as the most successful model for the private sector delivery of energy-efficiency services. This study documents actual performance of the ESCO industry in order to provide policymakers and investors with objective information and customers with a resource for benchmarking proposed projects relative to industry performance. We have assembled a database of nearly 1500 case studies of energy-efficiency projects-the most comprehensive data set of the U.S. ESCO industry available. These projects include $2.55B of work completed by 51 ESCOs and span much of the history of this industry. We estimate that the ESCO industry completed $1.8-2.1B of projects in 2000. The industry has grown rapidly over the last decade with revenues increasing at a 24% annualized rate. We summarize and compare project characteristics and costs and analyze energy savings, including the relationship between predicted and actual savings. ESCOs typically invested about $2.30/ft{sup 2} per project in various energy efficiency improvements, although there is large variation in project costs within and across market segments. We find that lighting-only projects report median electricity savings of 47% of targeted equipment consumption; the median for lighting-&-non-lighting projects is 23% of the total electric bill baseline. We examine project economics, including project net benefits, benefit/cost ratio and simple payback time. Median simple payback time is seven years for institutional sector projects and three years in the private sector. We estimate direct economic benefits of $1.62 billion for the 1080 projects in our database with both cost and savings data. The median benefit/cost ratio is 2.1 for 309 private sector projects and 1.6 for 771 institutional sector projects. We discuss the role of policies and programs adopted by state/federal legislatures and agencies that have played an important role in stimulating ESCO activity in various markets. Finally, we estimate the overall size and growth of the energy-efficiency services industry over the last ten years based on a survey of 63 ESCOs.

  5. A Survey of the U.S. ESCO Industry: Market Growth and Development from 2008 to 2011

    SciTech Connect

    Satchwell, Andrew; Goldman, Charles; Larsen, Peter; Gilligan, Donald; Singer, Terry

    2010-06-08

    In this study, LBNL analyzes the current size of the Energy Service Company (ESCO) industry, industry growth projections to 2011, and market trends in order to provide policymakers with a more indepth understanding of energy efficiency activity among private sector firms. We draw heavily on information from interviews with ESCOs conducted from October 2009 to February 2010 and from our review of publicly available financial information regarding individual ESCOs. A significant ramp-up in energy efficiency activities is occurring at the local, state, and federal level. These activities include the establishment in {approx}18 states of statewide energy savings goals to be obtained from adoption of an Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS), legislative or state regulatory directives to obtain all cost-effective demand-side resources (Barbose et al 2009), and a significant increase in federal funding for energy efficiency programs as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). As part of this increased focus on energy efficiency, policymakers are evaluating the role of private sector companies, including ESCOs, in delivering cost-effective energy savings to end-users. The U.S. ESCO industry has long been recognized for its role in successfully delivering comprehensive energy projects in the public sector. This study analyzes the current size of the ESCO industry, industry growth projections, and market trends in order to provide policymakers with a more in-depth understanding of energy efficiency activity among private sector firms. This study may also be of interest to policymakers abroad who are exploring options to encourage development of a private-sector energy services industry in their own countries. This study draws heavily on information from interviews with ESCOs conducted from October 2009 to February 2010 and is part of a series of ESCO industry reports prepared by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in collaboration with the National Association of Energy Services Companies (NAESCO). The analysis builds on previous ESCO industry reports (see Goldman et al. 2005 and Hopper et al. 2007) and provides updated estimates of ESCO industry revenues and ESCO views on perceived trends in costs and savings.

  6. International ESCO business opportunities and challenges: a Japanese case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward L. Vine; Chiharu Murakoshi; Hidetoshi Nakagami

    1998-01-01

    U.S. energy service companies (ESCOs) are very interested in expanding their businesses outside the U.S. Despite the needs of many countries for ESCO involvement, ESCOs face many challenges (i.e. marketing, financial, institutional, political and cultural impediments). Using Japan as an example, we present (i) impediments to the development of an ESCO industry, (ii) general guidance for helping Japan to develop

  7. International ESCO business opportunities and challenges: a Japanese case study

    SciTech Connect

    Vine, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.; Murakoshi, C. [Jyukankyo Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Recently, US energy service companies (ESCOs) have begun to actively explore markets outside the US. Despite the needs of many countries for ESCO involvement, ESCOs face many challenges (i.e., marketing, financial, institutional, political and cultural barriers). Consequently, most of these firms pursue international project opportunities very selectively due to the costs and risks associated with project development. Despite these barriers, some ESCOs view international work as a strategic expansion of their business, assuming that there will be adequate business in the future to repay them for their initial investment. In this paper, the authors present the findings from a recently completed study on the proposed development of an ESCO industry in Japan. The study was based on four sources of information: (1) a review of the published and unpublished literature on ESCOs; (2) interviews with 26 ESCOs in the US, the US Department of Energy, and the National Association of Energy Service Companies (NAESCO); (3) ESCO presentations at the October 1996 NAESCO meeting; and (4) informal discussions with ESCO experts in the US. They believe that the lessons learned in this study can be transferred or applied to other countries interested in developing an ESCO industry. While energy prices have remained relatively stable over the last several years in Japan and energy capacity is not perceived as a near-term problem, other ``market drivers`` necessary for the emergence of a successful and vibrant ESCO industry exist in Japan. Despite the presence of these market drivers, significant barriers to the successful development of an ESCO industry exist in Japan.

  8. Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: ComparingPrograms, Practices and Prformance

    SciTech Connect

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; McWilliams, Jennifer; Birr,Dave; Stoughton McMordie, Kate

    2005-03-01

    Throughout the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry's history, public and institutional sector customers have provided the greatest opportunities for ESCOs to develop projects. Generally speaking, these facilities are large, possess aging infrastructure, and have limited capital budgets for improvements. The convergence of these factors with strong enabling policy support makes performance contracting an attractive and viable option for these customers. Yet despite these shared characteristics and drivers, there is surprising variety of experience among public/institutional customers and projects. This collaborative study examines the public/institutional markets in detail by comparing the overarching models and project performance in the federal government and the ''MUSH'' markets municipal agencies (state/local government), universities/colleges, K-12 schools,and hospitals that have traditionally played host to much of the ESCO industry's activity. Results are drawn from a database of 1634 completed projects held in partnership by the National Association of Energy Services Companies and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (the NAESCO/LBNL database), including 129 federal Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) provided by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) (Strajnic and Nealon 2003). Project data results are supplemented by interviews with ESCOs.

  9. ESCO Framework for Public/Federal Buildings 

    E-print Network

    Liehr, G.

    2008-01-01

    SB T B A U /EE S ? Siemens 2008 Building Technologies ESCO Framework for Public / Federal Buildings Gunnar Liehr Siemens Building Technologies Energy & Environmental Solutions ICEBO 20 th October 2008, Berlin ESL-IC-08-10-01 Proceedings... z z No environmental awareness without economic interests Page 2 ESL-IC-08-10-01 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 SB T B A U /EE S ? Siemens 2008 Building...

  10. Role of gas cooling in tomorrow`s energy services industry

    SciTech Connect

    Hughes, P.J.

    1997-04-01

    This article discusses the marketing approach and opportunities for suppliers and manufacturers of gas cooling equipment to partner with energy service companies (ESCOs). The author`s viewpoint is that in educating and partnering with ESCOs the gas cooling industry enables their technology to reach its potential in the projects that the ESCOs develop.

  11. Designing an appropriate ESCOs' environment in the Mediterranean

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Konstantinos D. Patlitzianas; Haris Doukas; John Psarras

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – To contribute to the design of the energy service companies (ESCOs)' environment in the Mediterranean countries, mainly focusing on the constraints this company's environment face and the actions that can fulfil its needs and aims, taking also into consideration the opportunities and threats emerging from the energy liberalization and climate change. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The methodology that was followed

  12. The federal market for ESCO services: How does it measure up?

    SciTech Connect

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Birr, Dave

    2004-05-17

    The federal market has been a source of strong energy service company (ESCO) industry growth over the last decade as traditional MUSH markets municipal/state governments, universities, schools and hospitals have matured. Federal alternative financing programs Utility Energy Services Contracts (UESC) and Department of Energy (DOE) Super, Army and Air Force Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) have enabled this growth, but recent events threaten the ESPC programs. We compare the federal and MUSH markets by analyzing {approx} ;1550 completed projects and interviewing ESCO representatives. Federal ESPC market activity is estimated at {approx} ;$1.6 billion (B) over 10-15 years; activity in 2002 was {approx} ;$230 million (M). MUSH markets have produced {approx} ; $12-16B in projects over 20 years, and {approx} ;$0.8-1.0B in 2002. Federal sector projects have longer average contract terms than MUSH (14 vs. 9.5 years respectively). Federal projects are larger (median costs are $1.85M vs. $0.98M for MUSH), but costs per square foot are lower (median costs are $2.08/ft2 vs. $2.93/ft2 for MUSH), and annual energy savings are higher (18 vs. 14 kBtu/ft2). Non-energy savings are more often counted in federal projects (58 percent vs. 35 percent of MUSH projects) but when counted represent a higher proportion of savings in MUSH projects. Median payback times in the federal market are shorter than MUSH (7.7 vs. 8.8 years) and calculated net economic benefits of 214 federal projects amount to {approx} ;$550M, compared to {approx} ;$1.2B for 965 MUSH projects.

  13. Evolution of the U.S. Energy Service Company Industry: Market Size and Project Performance from 1990-2008

    SciTech Connect

    Larsen, Peter [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Goldman, Charles A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Satchwell, Andrew [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2012-05-08

    The U.S. energy service company (ESCO) industry is an example of a private sector business model where energy savings are delivered to customers primarily through the use of performance-based contracts. This study was conceived as a snapshot of the ESCO industry prior to the economic slowdown and the introduction of federal stimulus funding mandated by enactment of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This study utilizes two parallel analytic approaches to characterize ESCO industry and market trends in the U.S.: (1) a “top-down” approach involving a survey of individual ESCOs to estimate aggregate industry activity and (2) a “bottom-up” analysis of a database of -3,265 projects (representing over $8B in project investment) that reports market trends including installed EE retrofit strategies, project installation costs and savings, project payback times, and benefit-cost ratios over time. Despite the onset of an economic recession, the U.S. ESCO industry managed to grow at about 7% per year between 2006 and 2008. ESCO industry revenues are relatively small compared to total U.S. energy expenditures (about $4.1 billion in 2008), but ESCOs anticipated accelerated growth through 2011 (25% per year). We found that 2,484 ESCO projects in our database generated -$4.0 billion ($2009) in net, direct economic benefits to their customers. We estimate that the ESCO project database includes about 20% of all U.S. ESCO market activity from 1990-2008. Assuming the net benefits per project are comparable for ESCO projects that are not included in the LBNL database, this would suggest that the ESCO industry has generated -$23 billion in net direct economic benefits for customers at projects installed between 1990 and 2008. We found that nearly 85% of all public and institutional projects met or exceeded the guaranteed level of savings. We estimated that a typical ESCO project generated $1.5 dollars of direct benefits for every dollar of customer investment. There is empirical evidence confirming that the industry is responding to customer demand by installing more comprehensive and complex measures—including onsite generation and measures to address deferred maintenance—but this evolution has significant implications for customer project economics, especially at K-12 schools. We found that the median simple payback time has increased from 1.9 to 3.2 years in private sector projects since the early-to-mid 1990s and from 5.2 to 10.5 years in public sector projects for the same time period.

  14. U.S. Energy Service Company Industry: Market Size and Project Performance from 1990-2008

    SciTech Connect

    Larsen, Peter; Goldman, Charles; Satchwell, Andrew

    2012-08-21

    The U.S. energy service company (ESCO) industry is an example of a private sector business model where energy savings are delivered to customers primarily through the use of performance-based contracts. This study was conceived as a snapshot of the ESCO industry prior to the economic slowdown and the introduction of federal stimulus funding mandated by enactment of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This study utilizes two parallel analytic approaches to characterize ESCO industry and market trends in the U.S.: (1) a ?top-down? approach involving a survey of individual ESCOs to estimate aggregate industry activity and (2) a ?bottom-up? analysis of a database of ~;;3,250 projects (representing over $8B in project investment) that reports market trends including installed EE retrofit strategies, project installation costs and savings, project payback times, and benefit-cost ratios over time. Despite the onset of a severe economic recession, the U.S. ESCO industry managed to grow at about 7percent per year between 2006 and 2008. ESCO industry revenues were about $4.1 billion in 2008 and ESCOs anticipate accelerated growth through 2011 (25percent per year). We found that 2,484 ESCO projects in our database generated ~;;$4.0 billion ($2009) in net, direct economic benefits to their customers. We estimate that the ESCO project database includes about 20percent of all U.S. ESCO market activity from 1990-2008. Assuming the net benefits per project are comparable for ESCO projects that are not included in the LBNL database, this would suggest that the ESCO industry has generated ~;;$23 billion in net direct economic benefits for customers at projects installed between 1990 and 2008. There is empirical evidence confirming that the industry is evolving by installing more comprehensive and complex measures?including onsite generation and measures to address deferred maintenance?but this evolution has significant implications for customer project economics, especially at K-12 schools. We found that the median simple payback time has increased from 1.9 to 3.2 years in private sector projects since the early-to-mid 1990s and from 5.2 to 10.5 years in public sector projects for the same time period.

  15. A zebrafish model of Roberts syndrome reveals that Esco2 depletion interferes with development by disrupting the cell cycle.

    PubMed

    Mönnich, Maren; Kuriger, Zoë; Print, Cristin G; Horsfield, Julia A

    2011-01-01

    The human developmental diseases Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) and Roberts Syndrome (RBS) are both caused by mutations in proteins responsible for sister chromatid cohesion. Cohesion is mediated by a multi-subunit complex called cohesin, which is loaded onto chromosomes by NIPBL. Once on chromosomes, cohesin binding is stabilized in S phase upon acetylation by ESCO2. CdLS is caused by heterozygous mutations in NIPBL or cohesin subunits SMC1A and SMC3, and RBS is caused by homozygous mutations in ESCO2. The genetic cause of both CdLS and RBS reside within the chromosome cohesion apparatus, and therefore they are collectively known as "cohesinopathies". However, the two syndromes have distinct phenotypes, with differences not explained by their shared ontology. In this study, we have used the zebrafish model to distinguish between developmental pathways downstream of cohesin itself, or its acetylase ESCO2. Esco2 depleted zebrafish embryos exhibit features that resemble RBS, including mitotic defects, craniofacial abnormalities and limb truncations. A microarray analysis of Esco2-depleted embryos revealed that different subsets of genes are regulated downstream of Esco2 when compared with cohesin subunit Rad21. Genes downstream of Rad21 showed significant enrichment for transcriptional regulators, while Esco2-regulated genes were more likely to be involved the cell cycle or apoptosis. RNA in situ hybridization showed that runx1, which is spatiotemporally regulated by cohesin, is expressed normally in Esco2-depleted embryos. Furthermore, myca, which is downregulated in rad21 mutants, is upregulated in Esco2-depleted embryos. High levels of cell death contributed to the morphology of Esco2-depleted embryos without affecting specific developmental pathways. We propose that cell proliferation defects and apoptosis could be the primary cause of the features of RBS. Our results show that mutations in different elements of the cohesion apparatus have distinct developmental outcomes, and provide insight into why CdLS and RBS are distinct diseases. PMID:21637801

  16. Industry

    SciTech Connect

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of industrial mitigation for sustainable development is discussed in Section 7.7. Section 7.8 discusses the sector's vulnerability to climate change and options for adaptation. A number of policies have been designed either to encourage voluntary GHG emission reductions from the industrial sector or to mandate such reductions. Section 7.9 describes these policies and the experience gained to date. Co-benefits of reducing GHG emissions from the industrial sector are discussed in Section 7.10. Development of new technology is key to the cost-effective control of industrial GHG emissions. Section 7.11 discusses research, development, deployment and diffusion in the industrial sector and Section 7.12, the long-term (post-2030) technologies for GHG emissions reduction from the industrial sector. Section 7.13 summarizes gaps in knowledge.

  17. Sequencing of Candidate Chromosome Instability Genes in Endometrial Cancers Reveals Somatic Mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A

    PubMed Central

    Price, Jessica C.; Pollock, Lana M.; Rudd, Meghan L.; Fogoros, Sarah K.; Mohamed, Hassan; Hanigan, Christin L.; Le Gallo, Matthieu; Program, NIH Intramural Sequencing Center (NISC) Comparative Sequencing; Zhang, Suiyuan; Cruz, Pedro; Cherukuri, Praveen F.; Hansen, Nancy F.; McManus, Kirk J.; Godwin, Andrew K.; Sgroi, Dennis C.; Mullikin, James C.; Merino, Maria J.; Hieter, Philip; Bell, Daphne W.

    2013-01-01

    Most endometrial cancers can be classified histologically as endometrioid, serous, or clear cell. Non-endometrioid endometrial cancers (NEECs; serous and clear cell) are the most clinically aggressive of the three major histotypes and are characterized by aneuploidy, a feature of chromosome instability. The genetic alterations that underlie chromosome instability in endometrial cancer are poorly understood. In the present study, we used Sanger sequencing to search for nucleotide variants in the coding exons and splice junctions of 21 candidate chromosome instability genes, including 19 genes implicated in sister chromatid cohesion, from 24 primary, microsatellite-stable NEECs. Somatic mutations were verified by sequencing matched normal DNAs. We subsequently resequenced mutated genes from 41 additional NEECs as well as 42 endometrioid ECs (EECs). We uncovered nonsynonymous somatic mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A in, respectively, 3.7% (4 of 107), 1.9% (2 of 107), and 1.9% (2 of 107) of endometrial tumors. Overall, 7.7% (5 of 65) of NEECs and 2.4% (1 of 42) of EECs had somatically mutated one or more of the three genes. A subset of mutations are predicted to impact protein function. The co-occurrence of somatic mutations in ESCO1 and CHTF18 was statistically significant (P?=?0.0011, two-tailed Fisher's exact test). This is the first report of somatic mutations within ESCO1 and CHTF18 in endometrial tumors and of MRE11A mutations in microsatellite-stable endometrial tumors. Our findings warrant future studies to determine whether these mutations are driver events that contribute to the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer. PMID:23755103

  18. EscO, a Functional and Structural Analog of the Flagellar FliJ Protein, Is a Positive Regulator of EscN ATPase Activity of the Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Injectisome

    PubMed Central

    Romo-Castillo, Mariana; Andrade, Angel; Espinosa, Norma; Monjarás Feria, Julia; Soto, Eduardo; Díaz-Guerrero, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) are multiprotein molecular devices used by many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens to translocate effector proteins into eukaryotic cells. A T3SS is also used for protein export in flagellar assembly, which promotes bacterial motility. The two systems are evolutionarily related, possessing highly conserved components in their export apparatuses. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) employs a T3SS, encoded by genes in the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) pathogenicity island, to colonize the human intestine and cause diarrheal disease. In the present work, we investigated the role of the LEE-encoded EscO protein (previously Orf15 or EscA) in T3SS biogenesis. We show that EscO shares similar properties with the flagellar FliJ and the Yersinia YscO protein families. Our findings demonstrate that EscO is essential for secretion of all categories of T3SS substrates. Consistent with its central role in protein secretion, it was found to interact with the ATPase EscN and its negative regulator, EscL, of the export apparatus. Moreover, we show that EscO stimulates EscN enzymatic activity; however, it is unable to upregulate ATP hydrolysis in the presence of EscL. Remarkably, EscO partially restored the swimming defect of a Salmonella flagellar fliJ mutant and was able to stimulate the ATPase activity of FliI. Overall, our data indicate that EscO is the virulence counterpart of the flagellar FliJ protein. PMID:24706741

  19. Could what that ESCO sales rep said really be true? Savings realization rates in ESPC versus bid-to-spec projects

    SciTech Connect

    Coleman, Philip; Earni, Shankar; Williams, Charles

    2014-08-11

    Claims that savings realization is greater in energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) are rampant at least among energy service company representatives and other ESPC cheerleaders. But hard supporting evidence for these claims has been virtually non-existent. The Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program uses its Compliance Tracking System (CTS) database to document the performance of federal buildings and projects towards meeting various federal energy-saving goals. This paper focuses on preliminary analysis from CTS to understand and compare the performance of federal ESPCs with projects that have been implemented with more conventional government appropriations funding. The authors have found preliminary evidence using CTS that shows markedly higher savings realization rates among ESPC projects than appropriations-funded ones. There are numerous caveats to the data comparison that clamor for further study, but the difference is still intriguing. If borne out, this finding will provide concrete support to the idea that ESPCs guarantees and measurement and verification, long touted by energy service companies (ESCOs) as offering savings assurance, may truly yield substantial benefits. If ESPCs actually do perform better (i.e., have higher realization rates and savings persistence) than conventional bid-to-spec projects, the perceived premium for conducting them may look like a very good deal after all.

  20. Industry Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article illustrates projected employment change by industry and industry sector over 2010-20 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment for which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

  1. Industry Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This article illustrates projected employment change from an industry perspective over the 2008-2018 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment in which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

  2. Industrial Minerals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, Lawrence L.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses trends in and factors related to the production of industrial minerals during 1982, indicating that, as 1981 marked a downturn in production of industrial minerals, 1982 continued the trend with temporary and permanent cutbacks in mine and plant production. Includes highlights of several conferences/conference papers in this field.…

  3. Industry Tutor

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From the George A. Smathers Libraries at the University of Florida, Industry Tutor offers a ten-step guide to industry intelligence. The steps begin with "Identify the Industry" and conclude with "Use the Industries Subject Guide." Each step is about a paragraph long and is filled with hyperlinked resources that will best help users complete each step. For example, Step Three, "Find Current News and In-Depth Articles about the Industry" includes links to CNNfn and dowjones.com, as well as other resources. Unfortunately, some of the resources given may only be used by University of Florida library patrons. However, the tutor does collect some of the best free online sources available and recommends ways to use them efficiently.

  4. Knitting Industry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-01-01

    The knitting industry is a vast one, and this industry website is a great way to keep tabs on new and important developments in the field. The site is based in the United Kingdom, and it covers the knitting and hosiery industries by providing information about the industry's leading shows and exhibitions, along with offering a searchable buyer's guide and research reports. On the website, visitors can look at seven different key areas, including Information & Markets, Exhibitions & Shows, and Technology & Processes. This last area is quite fascinating, as it contains key updates on different facets of the history of the industry and new documents on fibers and circular knitting. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive their free weekly newsletter via email.

  5. Industry Projects

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site contains links to information about different industry projects throughout the world. Information provided includes history of each mine, mining methods, processing and recovery methods, environmental topics, geology and reserves, production and costs, and mine layout and design.

  6. Industry Collaborations

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Content Home | Investigator Resources | Protocol Development | Initiatives/Programs/Collaborations | Links to More Resources | Funding Opportunities | About CTEP Home | Sitemap | Contact CTEP Search this site Industry Collaborations Guidelines

  7. Industrial Lubricants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kajdas, C.; Karpi?ska, A.; Kulczycki, A.

    'Industrial lubricant' gaseous, liquid and solid products cover many applications. A new systems analysis approach is used combining heterogeneous catalysis and tribochemistry. Bearing lubricant applications are discussed in terms of the bearing film thickness and tribological regimes, for liquid and solid lubricants. Compressor and vacuum pump lubricant applications are described. The various classes of hydraulic fluids for industrial applications are explained. The properties, applications and selection of various industrial lubricants for different gears are described. Steam and industrial gas turbine lubricant formulations are discussed and the effects of their degradation products, particularly for valves and filters, are presented. Metalworking lubricant applications are divided into cutting and forming operations and their actions are described. Speciality applications such as process, textile, food-grade, slideway, cylinder and wire rope lubricants are explained.

  8. INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document contains: federal legislation, NRDC consent degree, regulations, the research program, and the different treatments used for petrochemistry, pesticides, inorganic chemicals, batteries, metal finishing, iron and steel, electric power, textiles and leather industries....

  9. Chemistry & Industry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    Chemistry and Industry Magazine, a bimonthly product of the Society of Chemical Industry, provides selected full-text articles from the print magazine in the areas of news, commentary, features, latest results from chemical literature, and highlights from the latest European patents. In addition, there is a searchable and browsable archive of past issues, a daily news section, and searchable jobs and meetings databases. The Society of Chemical Industry is "an international association of about 6000 members aimed at furthering applied chemistry." One of the highlights of its web site is its publication section, where, under "electronic publications," readers can find updated daily news, jobs and meetings listings on chemistry, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and the environment.

  10. Industrial Orientation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasor, Leslie; Brooks, Valerie

    These eight modules for an industrial orientation class were developed by a project to design an interdisciplinary program of basic skills training for disadvantaged students in a Construction Technology Program (see Note). The Drafting module overviews drafting career opportunities, job markets, salaries, educational requirements, and basic…

  11. Industrial bronchitis

    MedlinePLUS

    Control dust in industrial settings by wearing face masks and protective clothing, and by treating textiles. Stop smoking if you are at risk. Get early screening by a doctor if you are exposed to chemicals that can cause this condition. If you ...

  12. Fermentation Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grady, C. P. L., Jr.; Grady, J. K.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a literature review of wastes from the fermentation industry, covering publications of 1976-77. This review focuses on: (1) alcoholic beverage production; (2) pharmaceuticals and biochemicals production; and (3) biomass production. A list of 62 references is also presented. (HM)

  13. Industry News

    Cancer.gov

    Myriad RBM announces Oncology MAP v2.0Myriad RBM, a former recipient of Small Business Innovations Research funding from the NCI, has recently announced the launch of OncologyMAP® v2.0. Print This Page Industry News, eProtein News and Events

  14. ESCO Framework for Public/Federal Buildings

    E-print Network

    Liehr, G.

    Building Program Partnership with Clinton Climate Initiative resulted in projects with City of Houston and Allegheny College, PA USA 1st LEED Platinum Project Completed in USA - The Tahoe Center for Environmental Sciences at Sierra Nevada College BAU is a...Building Program Partnership with Clinton Climate Initiative resulted in projects with City of Houston and Allegheny College, PA USA 1st LEED Platinum Project Completed in USA - The Tahoe Center for Environmental Sciences at Sierra Nevada College BAU is a...

  15. ESCOs: Helping Schools Save Money and Energy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Planning & Management, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the use of energy savings performance contracts to help reduce costs and improve school infrastructure and the educational environment. Further discussed are how indoor air quality reduces health, productivity, and costs; and examples are provided of how other schools have achieved better school environments and reduced energy costs. (GR)

  16. Industry Collaboration

    Cancer.gov

    The goal of the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) is to facilitate the process of bringing promising, novel, investigational anticancer and anti-HIV agents to the public as quickly and as safely as possible. CTEP offers a unique combination of resources and expertise to assist an Industry Collaborator in clinical development of new therapeutic agents and the ability to evaluate investigational agents in a wide variety of tumor types and disease settings.

  17. INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 1. Agreements with Industry

    E-print Network

    INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 1. Agreements with Industry Licenses, and the revenue they generate, are but a small fraction of the entire spectrum of academic collaborations with industry. Academia and industry. The Technology Transfer Office oversees numerous forms of collaborations with industry on Dartmouth's campus

  18. Industrial robot

    SciTech Connect

    Gorman, R.H.

    1987-06-09

    This patent describes a three axis outer arm assembly for an industrial robot comprising: a hand assembly including a frame member, a transverse wrist pin mounted to the frame member, and a wrist rotary member rotatably mounted with respect to the frame member; a first tubular member, with the wrist pin of the hand assembly being transversely mounted at one end thereof, a second tubular member rotatably mounted coaxially within the first tubular member; first gear means; a second gear means; drive means; and means mounting the second and third tubular members.

  19. Industrial Decision Making

    E-print Network

    Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

    2008-01-01

    and industrial investment decision-making. The paper will also address several important questions: • Why has industrial investment declined? • What is the outlook for industrial investment? • How can programs engage industry for future opportunities?...

  20. Industrial update.

    PubMed

    Oak, Mayura; Mandke, Rhishikesh

    2014-11-01

    The current industry update covers the period 1-31 August 2014, with the information largely based on company press releases, and news from regulatory agencies, patents and various news websites. On the product approval front, Genzyme, The Medicines Company, Merck, Sharpe & Dohme Corporation, Genentech/Roche, and Boehringer Ingelheim-Eli Lilly reported approval of new products. There was promising news on the clinical trial front for the experimental vaccine to prevent the mosquito-borne viral disease 'chikungunya'. The recent multibillion-dollar deal in the pharma sector is the acquisition of InterMune Inc., a California-based biotech firm, by Roche Holding AG. Also, Cilag GmbH International has announced acquisition of Covagen AG, a privately-held biopharmaceutical company. PMID:25491668

  1. Industry update.

    PubMed

    Simpson, Iain; Blakemore, James

    2015-04-01

    This Industry Update covers the period from 1 January through 31 January, 2015, and is based on information sourced from company press releases, scientific literature, patents and various news websites. This month saw drugs from Shire and Janssen win fast track approval status from the US FDA which reduces the target time for the Agency to take action from 10 to 6 months. Sanofi and Regeneron also heard that they have won fast track approval for alirocumab a PCSK9 inhibitor for cholesterol lowering following their purchase of a 'Priority Review Voucher' from BioMarin. This is significant in their race to approval with Amgen. In the devices area, Unilife announced a new deal for their electronic autoinjector and Pari got approval for the use of their electronic eRapid to deliver Genentech's pulmozyme which is used in the treatment of cystic fibrosis. Following safety and tolerability studies, 3M announced that its Hollow Microstructured Transdermal System is now available for partnering. Medtronic announced the roll out of its new MiniMed insulin delivery system taking it a step closer to being able to offer a complete artificial pancreas. GSK expanded to four, the number of respiratory drugs that it provides in its new Ellipta inhaler in the US market. The University of Warwick announced a new means of targeting the delivery of drugs using nanoparticles which combine at the target site and release their drug payload. Adamis received a patent on its dry powder inhaler technology, acquired from 3M and TiGenix a patent in Europe for its tempo cell technology. PMID:25996040

  2. Industry Analysis January 2012

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    1 CHEE 906 Industry Analysis January 2012 Constance Adamson, Stauffer Library adamsonc@queensu.ca #12;2 Companies and Industries · Industries are made up of companies · Find out who is in the industry · Learn more about these companies and a picture of the industry will emerge · We use the same sources

  3. Industry Analysis February 2013

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    1 CHEE Industry Analysis February 2013 Constance Adamson, Stauffer Library adamsonc@queensu.ca #12;2 Companies and Industries · Industries are made up of companies · Find out who is in the industry · Learn more about these companies and a picture of the industry will emerge · We use the same sources for both

  4. Industry Analysis October 2010

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    CHEE 310 Industry Analysis October 2010 Constance Adamson, Stauffer Library adamsonc@queensu.ca #12;Companies and Industries Industries are made up of companies Find out who is in the industry Learn more about these companies and a picture of the industry will emerge We use the same sources for both

  5. Electrotechnologies in Process Industries 

    E-print Network

    Amarnath, K. R.

    1989-01-01

    and efficiency, and conserve energy are actively developed and demonstrated by the Industrial Program. Process Industries such as chemicals, petroleum, paper, textiles, and food are vital to the American economy. These industries consume nearly half of all...

  6. Professors and Industry Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheriff, Robert E.

    1974-01-01

    Describes backgrounds of geophysics graduates that are desired for employment by industry. Also listed are areas in which industry could help universities concerning the development of programs to meet the future manpower needs in industry. (BR)

  7. Energy conservation in industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. S. Strub; H. Ehringer

    1984-01-01

    This book discusses combustion and heat recovery, engines and batteries, and applications and technologies. Some of the topics covered include: energy-saving technologies; heat exchangers, fluidized bed exchangers, industrial heat pumps; fluidized bed combustion; waste heat recovery; orc machines and cascading; engines and flywheels; new types of engines; advanced batteries; fuel cell; chemical industry and catalysis; metallurgy; textile industry; food industry;

  8. Industrial energy productivity handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Long, D.J. (comp.)

    1981-12-01

    This handbook is a compilation of various energy-saving projects in US industry. They are classified according to the industry: food and kindred products; textile mill products; paper and allied products; chemicals and allied products; petroleum refining and related industries; stone, clay, glass, and concrete products; primary metal industries; fabricated metal products; machinery (except electrical); and transportation equipment. (DLC)

  9. Industries and cancer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth M. Ward; Carol A. Burnett; Avima Ruder; Karen Davis-King

    1997-01-01

    Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between selected industries and cancer is reviewed. This article will focus on several industries which have not been covered elsewhere in this volume, briefly describe current research on cancer in the agricultural and construction industries, and discuss surveillance data on cancer mortality in relation to industry listed on US death certificates. Employment in the rubber

  10. Career Guide to Industries

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A companion to the Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-2001 (See the April 14, 2000 Scout Report), the Career Guide to Industries "provides information on available careers by industry, including the nature of the industry, working conditions, employment, occupations in the industry, training and advancement, earnings and benefits, employment outlook, and lists of organizations that can provide additional information." While the Occupational Outlook Handbook focuses on specific careers, this guide considers industries in a broader scope, examining 47 industries. The industries are broken into seven sectors, each containing several overviews. Each career guide includes the same sections: Significant Points, Nature of the Industry, Working Conditions, Employment Occupations in the Industry, Training and Advancement, Earnings Outlook, and Sources of Additional Information. Users may search for a specific industry using the key word search feature on the top right of the screen.

  11. Electrotechnologies in Process Industries

    E-print Network

    Amarnath, K. R.

    and demonstrated by the Industrial Program. Process Industries such as chemicals, petroleum, paper, textiles, and food are vital to the American economy. These industries consume nearly half of all the manufacturing industry electricity usage. It is... pinch technology. o Adjustable speed drive applications in paper industry. o Microwave and radio-frequency heating of fruits and other foods. o Infrared heating of textile yarn during the slashing process. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER EPRI recognizes...

  12. Industrial energy conservation technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1983-01-01

    This book presents the papers given at a conference which examined energy conservation in industrial plants. Topics considered at the conference included the economics of cogeneration, energy conservation techniques, heat recovery systems, energy retrofits, energy management systems in buildings, energy conservation in the textile industry, energy conservation in the telecommunications industry, alternative energy sources, efficient techniques for heating and cooling

  13. The Indian Software Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashish Arora; V. S. Arunachalam; Jai Asundi; Ronald Fernandes

    1999-01-01

    Abstract This paper reports on the results of research on the Indian software industry, carried out at Carnegie Mellon University. We use a variety of sources, including a questionnaire survey of Indian software firms, and field visits and interviews with industry participants, observers, and US based clients. The Indian software industry is remarkable in a number of respects. It is

  14. 2011 Training Industry Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Training, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This article presents "Training" magazine's exclusive analysis of the U.S. training industry, featuring 2011 training expenditures, budgetary allocations, delivery methods, and training priorities. Now in its 30th year, The Industry Report is recognized as the training industry's most trusted source of data on budgets, staffing, and programs. This…

  15. A Distinctive Industrialization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. K. J. Thomson

    This is a study of the development of Barcelona's cotton industry from its origins in calico-printing in 1728 to its introduction of steampower in 1832. It thus describes the experiences of the leading industry of the city, and one which provides the only Mediterranean exception to the tendency of early industrialization to be concentrated in northern Europe. The book bridges

  16. FOSSIL FUEL INDUSTRIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The chapter focuses on methane emissions from the coal and natural gas industries. The petroleum industry is not addressed because of the lack of related quality data. Emission points are identified for each industry, and a discussion of factors affecting emissions is presented. ...

  17. An industrial perpective

    SciTech Connect

    Cunningham, R.A.

    1996-12-31

    The paper consists of conference presentation viewgraphs. The outlined information includes opinions on the status of cogeneration in industrial U.S. markets. A review of the industry and perceived opportunities and challenges are described. Key issues include using the Btu as the commodity of cogeneration and the uncertainties of electric industry restructuring.

  18. Industry-Education Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, Barbara

    1982-01-01

    Examines several situations where linkage between industry and education exists. These include advisory committees, sharing of equipment by industries and schools, and placing a vocational instructor in an industrial setting for an extended period of time to experience the changing workplace. (CT)

  19. for Industry Relationships

    E-print Network

    Brownstone, Rob

    Guidelines for Industry Relationships Dalhousie Medicine #12;4. Support for Continuing Medical industry for CME may be accepted by the Dalhousie University office of CME in accordance with the CMA regulations. 5. Participation in industry sponsored programs, advisory boards or consulting: a. When

  20. Industrial Development in Cities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vernon Henderson; Ari Kuncoro; Matt Turner

    1995-01-01

    This paper uses data for eight manufacturing industries to test for and characterize dynamic production externalities in cities. The authors find evidence of both Marshall-Arrow-Romer (MAR) externalities, which are associated with past own industry employment concentration, and Jacobs externalities, which are associated with past diversity of local total employment. For mature capital goods industries, there is evidence of MAR externalities

  1. Industry`s turnaround looks real

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the industry outlook for North American gas and oil industries. In a robust Canada, land sales are setting records, drilling is up, and output is rising beyond last year`s 21% growth. A perception among US operators that wellhead prices will remain stable is translating to increased spending. The USA, Canada, Mexico, Cuba are evaluated separately, with brief evaluations of Greenland, Guatemala, Belize, and Costa Rico. Data are presented on drilling activities.

  2. Advanced Industrial Materials Program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stooksbury, F.

    1994-06-01

    The mission of the Advanced Industrial Materials (AIM) program is to commercialize new/improved materials and materials processing methods that will improve energy efficiency, productivity, and competitiveness. Program investigators in the DOE national laboratories are working with about 100 companies, including 15 partners in CRDA's. Work is being done on intermetallic alloys, ceramic composites, metal composites, polymers, engineered porous materials, and surface modification. The program supports other efforts in the Office of Industrial Technologies to assist the energy-consuming process industries. The aim of the AIM program is to bring materials from basic research to industrial application to strengthen the competitive position of US industry and save energy.

  3. Society for Industrial Archeology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Society for Industrial Archeology is an association of "members, world-wide, who have a strong interest in preserving, interpreting and documenting our industrial past and heritage." Anyone interested in the industrial past is welcome to join the Society. The newsletter, which is available free to download, provides information on current news, recent publications and notices of conferences and events of interest to Society members. The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology (IA) is available by paid subscription and includes essays and book reviews, as well as peer-reviewed articles on current research in industrial archeology. The Links section provides a list of online related resources.

  4. Uranium industry annual 1998

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1999-04-22

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1998 (UIA 1998) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. It contains data for the period 1989 through 2008 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey.`` Data provides a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1989 through 1998, including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment, are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2008, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, and uranium inventories, are shown in Chapter 2. The methodology used in the 1998 survey, including data edit and analysis, is described in Appendix A. The methodologies for estimation of resources and reserves are described in Appendix B. A list of respondents to the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is provided in Appendix C. The Form EIA-858 ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is shown in Appendix D. For the readers convenience, metric versions of selected tables from Chapters 1 and 2 are presented in Appendix E along with the standard conversion factors used. A glossary of technical terms is at the end of the report. 24 figs., 56 tabs.

  5. Industrial Water Use

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-10-10

    As part of its Water Science for Schools site, the US Geological Survey defines industrial water use and includes several tables and maps showing where and how industry uses water. Students and teachers can look at their state and see 1990 data for how much ground water and how much surface water is used in industry as well as how much of that water is fresh or saline.

  6. Advanced Industrial Communications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Petr Krist

    2009-01-01

    The paper deals with the new advanced industrial communication solutions concepts. It describes basic structures of industrial\\u000a distributed control systems and physical and application layers of the most commonly used standards. The main differences\\u000a between industrial real-time communications and information data network communications are classified and convergence trends\\u000a of both of them are emphasized. The Ethernet standard is mentioned and

  7. Programmable Industrial Automation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Nitzan; Charles A. Rosen

    1976-01-01

    Programmable industrial automation can help meet the socioeconomic needs for increased productivity and job enrichment in labor-intensive industries. Characterized by production flexibility and ease of setup for new products, programmable automation is especially adaptable to manufacturing a variety of products in variable lot sizes at mass-production costs. Programmable, automated hardware\\/software systems existing in industry today include numerical control of machine

  8. TRAINING OPERATIVES IN INDUSTRY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. DOUGLAS Seymour

    1959-01-01

    Recent researches have shown the importance of the perceptual component in skilled performance on industrial tasks, and have indicated the ways in which the operator adapts his capacities in improving his level of skill. The methods by which this new knowledge is used in systematic training schemes based on skills analysis are described, and some current problems in industry reviewed

  9. Training in British Industry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Willis

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the need for, and development of, further education and practical training for recruits into industry. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses how, at the time of writing, many firms were developing and operating training schemes for industrial personnel. Firms benefit themselves from…

  10. 2010 Training Industry Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Training, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Now in its 29th year, The Industry Report is recognized as the training industry's most trusted source of data on budgets, staffing, and programs. This year, the study was conducted by an outside research firm in June-August 2010, when members from the "Training" magazine database were e-mailed an invitation to participate in an online survey.…

  11. Planning Industrial Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Eric; And Others

    Under the pressure of economic conditions and the stimulus of the Industrial Training Act, industrial and commercial firms in Great Britain are acting more and more in the belief that training is inseparable from the mainstream of their activities. This pamphlet is concerned with issues of practical importance in this context: the relative…

  12. Industrialization of photovoltaics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lindmayer, J.

    The technological, economical, and financial aspects of the industrialization of photovoltaics are briefly reviewed. Topics discussed include the role of photovoltaics in general energy production, research and development efforts, financial resources available for industrial development, marketing policies, sources of raw material, and applications.

  13. Graduate Study Industrial Management

    E-print Network

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    , and sexual orientation. Produced by Northern Illinois University Public Affairs and Document Services Systems (3) TECH 560 ­ International Industrial Competition: U.S. Impact and Strategies (3) TECH 562 550 ­ Leadership Theories and Techniques (3) TECH 562 ­ Industrial Systems Management (3) TECH 593

  14. Collapse of an industry

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, J.L.

    1988-01-01

    The author details the politics of nuclear energy in the U.S. and points out the advantages and disadvantages of various forms of industrial planning for this sector. He uses the nuclear industry as an example of how capitalism and democracy can be incompatible in some situations.

  15. ETHICS FOR INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The discipline of "Industrial Technology" as we know it today has a rich history. Significant contributions, both at the national and international level, have been made by affiliates of the discipline. Industrial technology has produced leaders that have created new jobs and promoted the growth of...

  16. Applying industrial heat pumps

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1993-01-01

    Industry uses as little as 20% of the heat content of the fuels it burns. Much of the remainder escapes to the environment and is lost. Capturing this waste heat from industrial processes or refrigeration equipment could cut a plant's operating costs, extend global energy supplies, and reduce emissions. Today, more than 1500 U.S. plants in a wide range of

  17. INDUSTRIAL TRAINING RESEARCH REGISTER.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Labour, London (England).

    IN THIS CLASSIFIED REGISTER OF CURRENT AND RECENTLY COMPLETED STUDIES OF INDUSTRIAL TRAINING IN GREAT BRITAIN, INDIVIDUAL PROJECTS ARE ARRANGED BY THE ITEM NUMBER JUDGED MOST IMPORTANT, AND THE NUMBERS OF OTHER RELEVANT INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH PROJECTS ARE INSERTED AT THE END OF EACH SECTION TO PROVIDE CROSS REFERENCES. DESCRIPTIONS INCLUDE THE TITLE…

  18. Analysis of Industrial Wastewaters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mancy, K. H.; Weber, W. J., Jr.

    A comprehensive, documented discussion of certain operating principles useful as guidelines for the analysis of industrial wastewaters is presented. Intended primarily for the chemist, engineer, or other professional person concerned with all aspects of industrial wastewater analysis, it is not to be considered as a substitute for standard manuals…

  19. Growing Hawaii's agriculture industry,

    E-print Network

    Program Overview Growing Hawaii's agriculture industry, one business at a time Website: http-3547 agincubator@ctahr.hawaii.edu Grow Your Business If you are looking to start an agriculture-related business with our program · Positively impact the agriculture industry in Hawaii with their success

  20. Rebuilding America's Industrial Strength

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Community College Journal, 2011

    2011-01-01

    It's no secret within the academic or manufacturing communities that community colleges are the nation's training ground for industrial-skilled trade careers. But outside community college classrooms and industrial plants, many people are in the dark about the growing numbers of these often-well-paid and in-demand jobs. This article introduces the…

  1. Geothermal industry assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-07-01

    An assessment of the geothermal industry is presented, focusing on industry structure, corporate activities and strategies, and detailed analysis of the technological, economic, financial, and institutional issues important to government policy formulation. The study is based principally on confidential interviews with executives of 75 companies active in the field. (MHR)

  2. University/industry research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, Peter M.

    The problems encountered in mixing industrial and university research goals can be major, but so can the benefits. The National Science Board (NSB) recently released a report on “University-Industry Research Relationships: Selected Studies” (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983). It is an analysis of the much-discussed new trend toward increased industrial funding of university research projects.University laboratories cannot generally solve industry's R&D problems. Success for the corporation in sponsoring academic research is realized in the value of cooperative research programs as training exercises for future industrial scientists. An occasional patent arising from such a project is considered an added benefit, not a primary goal.

  3. Uranium industry annual 1995

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-05-01

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1995 (UIA 1995) provides current statistical data on the U.S. uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1995 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the period 1986 through 2005 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey``. Data collected on the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1995, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1986 through 1995 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2005, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. The methodology used in the 1995 survey, including data edit and analysis, is described in Appendix A. The methodologies for estimation of resources and reserves are described in Appendix B. A list of respondents to the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is provided in Appendix C. For the reader`s convenience, metric versions of selected tables from Chapters 1 and 2 are presented in Appendix D along with the standard conversion factors used. A glossary of technical terms is at the end of the report. 14 figs., 56 tabs.

  4. INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS: Literature and Taxonomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marian R. Chertow

    2000-01-01

    Abstract Industrial symbiosis, as part of the emerging field of industrial ecology, demands resolute attention to the flow of materials and energy through local and regional economies. Industrial symbiosis engages traditionally separate industries in a collective approach to competitive advantage involving physical exchange of materials, energy, water, and\\/or by-products. The keys to industrial symbiosis are collaboration and the synergistic possibilities

  5. Industries and cancer.

    PubMed

    Ward, E M; Burnett, C A; Ruder, A; Davis-King, K

    1997-05-01

    Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between selected industries and cancer is reviewed. This article will focus on several industries which have not been covered elsewhere in this volume, briefly describe current research on cancer in the agricultural and construction industries, and discuss surveillance data on cancer mortality in relation to industry listed on US death certificates. Employment in the rubber industry has been associated with bladder cancer, leukemia, stomach, and lung cancer and is considered by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) to have 'sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in humans.' Studies of workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have reported excess mortality from gastrointestinal neoplasms, hematologic neoplasms, and skin cancer (specifically malignant melanoma); IARC considers that the evidence for carcinogenicity in humans is 'limited.' Employment in the boot and shoe industry has been associated with nasal adenocarcinomas in England and Italy ('sufficient'). Hairdressers and barbers have been found to have excess bladder cancer and less consistent evidence for several other sites ('limited'). Workers exposed to wood dust have excess mortality from cancer of the nasal sinuses and paranasal cavities; there is less consistent evidence for excess laryngeal cancer ('sufficient'). Workers employed in the petroleum industry have limited evidence for excess leukemia and other lymphatic and hematopoietic neoplasms, and skin cancer (particularly malignant melanoma) ('limited'). PMID:9498899

  6. INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 26. TITANIUM INDUSTRY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The titanium industry produces two principal products, titanium metal and titanium dioxide. For purposes of analyses, therefore, the industry is considered in two segments: titanium metal production and titanium dioxide production. Two industrial process flow diagrams and eleven ...

  7. How industries change.

    PubMed

    McGahan, Anita M

    2004-10-01

    It's fairly obvious: To make intelligent investments within your organization, you need to understand how your whole industry is changing. But such knowledge is not always easy to come by. Companies misread clues and arrive at false conclusions all the time. To truly understand where your industry is headed, you have to take a long-term, high-level look at the context in which you do business, says Boston University professor Anita McGahan. She studied a variety of businesses from a cross section of industries over a ten-year period, examining how industry structure affects business profitability and investor returns. Her research suggests that industries evolve along one of four distinct trajectories--radical, progressive, creative, and intermediating--that set boundaries on what will generate profits in a business. These four trajectories are defined by two types of threats. The first is when new, outside alternatives threaten to weaken or make obsolete core activities that have historically generated profits for an industry. The second is when an industry's core assets--its resources, knowledge, and brand capital--fail to generate value as they once did. Industries undergo radical change when core assets and core activities are both threatened with obsolescence; they experience progressive change when neither are jeopardized. Creative change occurs when core assets are under threat but core activities are stable, and intermediating change happens when core activities are threatened while core assets retain their capacity to create value. If your company's innovation strategy is not aligned with your industry's change trajectory, your plan for achieving returns on invested capital cannot succeed, McGahan says. But if you understand which path you're on, you can determine which strategies will succeed and which will backfire. PMID:15559578

  8. Innovative Energy Efficient Industrial Ventilation

    E-print Network

    Litomisky, A.

    2005-01-01

    This paper was written to describe an innovative “on-demand” industrial ventilation system for woodworking, metalworking, food processing, pharmaceutical, chemical, and other industries. Having analyzed existing industrial ventilation in 130...

  9. Oklahoma Industrial Energy Management Program 

    E-print Network

    Turner, W. C.; Webb, R. E.; Phillips, J. M.; Viljoen, T. A.

    1979-01-01

    series of tuition free Industrial Energy Management Conferences (over 20 given to date involving many Oklahoma industries). 2. A free energy newsletter entitled "Energy Channel" mailed to all participating Oklahoma industries. 3. A series of Energy...

  10. Chemical Educators Stress Industry Ties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worthy, Ward

    1975-01-01

    Describes various courses and programs designed to better prepare graduates to enter the chemical industry, including courses which stress the chemistry of industrial processes, and the economics of the chemical industry. (MLH)

  11. Load Management for Industry 

    E-print Network

    Konsevick, W. J., Jr.

    1982-01-01

    categories: Thermal Energy Storage, Communication and Load Control, Interconnection and Operation of Power Systems, and Selective Load Promotions. The endeavors of the utility industry and Ohio Edison Company in three of the four categories are described...

  12. Computers Transform an Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simich, Jack

    1982-01-01

    Describes the use of computer technology in the graphics communication industry. Areas that are examined include typesetting, color scanners, communications satellites, page make-up systems, and the business office. (CT)

  13. Industrial relevance of coking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jens R. Rostrup-Nielsen

    1997-01-01

    The paper gives a general overview of characteristics of coking in industrial catalytic processes. Although there may be similarities in coking mechanism, the big differences in deactivation rates result in different operational strategies and reactor systems.

  14. Industry Collaboration — Model Agreements

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Content Home | Investigator Resources | Protocol Development | Initiatives/Programs/Collaborations | Links to More Resources | Funding Opportunities | About CTEP Home | Sitemap | Contact CTEP Search this site Industry Collaborations Guidelines

  15. An Industrial Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniels, D. J.; And Others

    1975-01-01

    Describes the commercial uses, industrial production and laboratory production of 2-methylpentane-2,4-diol. Suggests extensions for the experiment in the areas of boiling point/composition curves and alkaline depolymerization. (GS)

  16. Animal Industries - 10 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2006-06-02

    Three-dimensional computer character animation is becoming more and more prevalent in the entertainment industry. As the demand grows, so does the need for tools that allow animators to create animations quickly. In this thesis, we present a...

  17. Industrial Decision Making 

    E-print Network

    Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

    2008-01-01

    Domestic industrial investment has declined due to unfavorable energy prices, and external markets. Investment behavior has changed over the past few years, and will continue due to high labor costs, tight markets and an unstable U.S. economy...

  18. Essays in industrial economics

    E-print Network

    Leao, Joao, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three chapters in Industrial Economics. Chapter 1 is the product of joint work with Filippo Balestrieri. In chapter 1 we examine the use of lotteries among horizontal differentiated goods as ...

  19. Industrial energy use indices 

    E-print Network

    Hanegan, Andrew Aaron

    2008-10-10

    Energy use index (EUI) is an important measure of energy use which normalizes energy use by dividing by building area. Energy use indices and associated coefficients of variation are computed for major industry categories ...

  20. Industrial energy use indices 

    E-print Network

    Hanegan, Andrew Aaron

    2009-05-15

    Energy use index (EUI) is an important measure of energy use which normalizes energy use by dividing by building area. Energy use indices and associated coefficients of variation are computed for major industry categories ...

  1. Ethics and Industrial Production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernard, Daniel

    The development of nanotechnology seems inevitable, for it alone would be able to solve or circumvent the huge difficulties to be faced by industrial and post-industrial societies, in both their private and their public aspects, and including the ageing population and its expectations with regard to health, the evolution of the climate, pollution, the management of food resources and raw materials, access to drinking water, control of energy production and consumption, equitable and sustainable development, etc.

  2. The Industrial Electrification Program 

    E-print Network

    Harry, I. L.

    1982-01-01

    . The calendar for the process application meetings is listed below Electric Melting - Pittsburgh, July, 198 Metals Fabrication - April, 1982 Chemical - April, 1982 Textiles - May, 1982 INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIFICATION STUDIES Prior to July, 1980, EPRI had... and additional information about EPRI and the industrial electrification program was forwarded to the attendees prior to the meeting. This meeting was held in Pittsburgh on July 23-24, 1981. In September, 1981, EPRI made a presentation to the Committee...

  3. Neurosurgery and industry.

    PubMed

    Robertson, Jon H

    2008-12-01

    The primary purpose of the relationship between neurosurgery and industry must be to improve patient care and advance medical knowledge. This relationship is desirable and can be mutually beneficial. Strict adherence to established ethical and legal guidelines is necessary to avoid financial conflicts of interest that may occur between neurosurgery and industry. The Code of Ethics established by the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) in 1986 emphasizes the physician's responsibility to always act in the best interest of his or her patients. The AANS Guidelines for Corporate Relations were developed in 2004 to address the concern of the potential growing influence of industry in the activities of our neurosurgical organization. Recognizing a need to clarify the proper relationships between neurosurgeons and industry, Guidelines on Neurosurgeon-Industry Conflicts of Interest were recently established. The AANS is committed to the highest ethical and legal standards in future relations with our industry partners. Members of the AANS are encouraged to adhere to the voluntary guidelines established by our organization. PMID:19035707

  4. NEMS industrial module documentation report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2010) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of output of industrial activity. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

  5. International Workshop Asian industrial Clusters

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    International Workshop Asian industrial Clusters Lyon, 29 th -30 th November, 1 st December Understanding the Zhejiang industrial clusters: Questions and re-evaluations1 by Lu SHI, Associate Professor climate of rapid industrial development in China, the phenomenon of industrial districts or clusters

  6. Burlington Industries: Modernize or Perish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honeycutt, Earl D., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    In the 1960s, Burlington Industries was the largest textile firm in the world, and in 1973 the U. S. textile industry employed more than 1 million workers. Dynamic change came to the textile industry beginning in the 1960s, and in 2001 Burlington Industries filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. This case traces the dynamics of the market and the…

  7. Creative Industries and Urban Regeneration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Jarvis; Hannah Lambie; Nigel Berkeley

    Over the past decade, Creative Industries have enjoyed much high-profile coverage and attention from policy makers and academics, most notably from the inception of the Creative Industries Task Force in 1997 and the publication of the Creative Industries Mapping Document in 1998. Today, much of the political rhetoric declares the creative industries to be key to the future success of

  8. Creative industries: a new direction?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Justin O’Connor

    2009-01-01

    This paper looks at the work of the ARC Centre for Creative Industries and Innovation at Queensland University of Technology. They have attempted to deal with some of the definitional and policy ambiguities surrounding the DCMS’s re?branding of ‘cultural industries’ as ‘creative industries’. The paper focuses on three central claims. First, that Art falls outside the creative industries; second, that

  9. Introduction to Electronics Industry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created by Work-Ready Electronics, a project of the Advanced Technological Education program, this module walks visitors through the basic of the electronics industry, including different industry categories, and the overall process that moves the industry along. There is a quiz to test what students learned in the module in the Knowledge Probe section, and the Learning Resources section contains two activities to help cement student understanding. There are also further resources - both print and Web based - for more information and a Knowledge Game, which consists of a crossword reiterating the material covered. The Notebook function allows visitors to take notes and review them at any time. This is an excellent resource for introductory electronics classes, or for students just entering electronics technician programs.

  10. Emulsified industrial oils recycling

    SciTech Connect

    Gabris, T.

    1982-04-01

    The industrial lubricant market has been analyzed with emphasis on current and/or developing recycling and re-refining technologies. This task has been performed for the United States and other industrialized countries, specifically France, West Germany, Italy and Japan. Attention has been focused at emulsion-type fluids regardless of the industrial application involved. It was found that emulsion-type fluids in the United States represent a much higher percentage of the total fluids used than in other industrialized countries. While recycling is an active matter explored by the industry, re-refining is rather a result of other issues than the mere fact that oil can be regenerated from a used industrial emulsion. To extend the longevity of an emulsion is a logical step to keep expenses down by using the emulsion as long as possible. There is, however, another important factor influencing this issue: regulations governing the disposal of such fluids. The ecological question, the respect for nature and the natural balances, is often seen now as everybody's task. Regulations forbid dumping used emulsions in the environment without prior treatment of the water phase and separation of the oil phase. This is a costly procedure, so recycling is attractive since it postpones the problem. It is questionable whether re-refining of these emulsions - as a business - could stand on its own if these emulsions did not have to be taken apart for disposal purposes. Once the emulsion is separated into a water and an oil phase, however, re-refining of the oil does become economical.

  11. 1989 Industry Directory

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1998-12-01

    Solid Waste Power's 1989 Industry Directory is divided into three main sections: the Company Directory, the Service Directory, and the Product Directory. The Company Directory lists all companies involved in the waste-to-energy industry that responded to a survey Solid Waste Power conducted in the fall of 1988. Companies are listed alphabetically. Each of the companies in the Company Directory is further referenced in the Service and Product directories follow. The Service and Product directories are broken down into various categories. Within each category is a list of the names of companies identified themselves as providing the service or product. Preceding the Service and Product directories is the Category Index.

  12. Industrial Energy Use Indices 

    E-print Network

    Hanegan, A.; Heffington, W. M.

    2007-01-01

    industrial classification (SIC) industrial code, and the standard deviation was calculated using Equation 4 below for the electric and natural gas EUIs individually. () ? = ?? ? = N j i jii EUIEUI N s 1 2 , 1 1 Equation (4) where s i is the standard... and gross annual sales of approximately $300,000. This resource is available in web-based or downloadable forms from the Rutgers IAC website (4). For this report, the data was downloaded and analyzed in Microsoft Access TM . Table 2: IAC Locations...

  13. Industrial Assessment Center

    SciTech Connect

    Dr. Diane Schaub

    2007-03-05

    Since its inception, the University of Florida Industrial Assessment Center has successfully completed close to 400 energy assessments of small to medium manufacturing facilities in Florida, southern Georgia and southern Alabama. Through these efforts, recommendations were made that would result in savings of about $5 million per year, with an implementation rate of 20-25%. Approximately 80 engineering students have worked for the UF-IAC, at least 10 of whom went on to work in energy related fields after graduation. Additionally, through the popular course in Industrial Energy Management, many students have graduated from the University of Florida with a strong understanding and support of energy conservation methods.

  14. Solar industrial process heat

    SciTech Connect

    Lumsdaine, E.

    1981-04-01

    The aim of the assessment reported is to candidly examine the contribution that solar industrial process heat (SIPH) is realistically able to make in the near and long-term energy futures of the United States. The performance history of government and privately funded SIPH demonstration programs, 15 of which are briefly summarized, and the present status of SIPH technology are discussed. The technical and performance characteristics of solar industrial process heat plants and equipment are reviewed, as well as evaluating how the operating experience of over a dozen SIPH demonstration projects is influencing institutional acceptance and economoc projections. Implications for domestic energy policy and international implications are briefly discussed. (LEW)

  15. Transferring Technology to Industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolfenbarger, J. Ken

    2006-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the technology transfer processes in which JPL has been involved to assist in transferring the technology derived from aerospace research and development to industry. California Institute of Technology (CalTech), the organization that runs JPL, is the leading institute in patents for all U.S. universities. There are several mechanisms that are available to JPL to inform industry of these technological advances: (1) a dedicated organization at JPL, National Space Technology Applications (NSTA), (2) Tech Brief Magazine, (3) Spinoff magazine, and (4) JPL publications. There have also been many start-up organizations and businesses from CalTech.

  16. INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 6. THE INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC CHEMICALS INDUSTRY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The catalog of Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use was developed as an aid in defining the environmental impacts of industrial activity in the U.S. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of the study. Industrial organic chemica...

  17. IBM Software Cross Industries

    E-print Network

    IBM Software Cross Industries IBM Software Services for Lotus Accelerating your success with Lotus and WebSphere Portal technology #12;2 IBM Software Services for Lotus Highlights Our mission to your business as possible. We offer solutions for every aspect of your Lotus® or WebSphere® Portal

  18. Environmental training: industrial needs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Venselaar

    1995-01-01

    Cleaner production requires the involvement of all. The quality of any job performed must be judged also on how environmental aspects are handled. It matters for the people designing processes and installations and those running them, but also for the people involved in industrial research, marketing, purchase of materials and even in finance. Their decisions influence the present and future

  19. Experimenting with Industry's \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurie A. Williams; Robert R. Kessler

    2000-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence from several sources, primarily in industry, indicates that two programmers working collaboratively on the same design, algorithm, code, or test perform substantially better than the two would working alone. Two courses taught at the University of Utah studied the use of this technique, often called pair-programming or collaborative programming, in the undergraduate computer science classroom. The students applied

  20. Federal Prison Industries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathan James

    2007-01-01

    UNICOR, the trade name for Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (FPI), is a government-owned corporation that employs offenders incarcerated in correctional facilities under the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). UNICOR manufactures products and provides services that are sold to executive agencies in the federal government. FPI was created to serve as a means for managing, training, and rehabilitating inmates in the

  1. Ethics for Industrial Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosentrater, Kurt A.; Balamuralikrishna, Radha

    2005-01-01

    This paper takes aim at one specific, as well as basic, need in teamwork and interdisciplinary projects--ethics and its implications for professional practice. A preliminary study suggests that students majoring in industrial technology degree programs may not have adequate opportunity to formally study and engage in ethical aspects of technology…

  2. Industrial Mechanical Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Laborn J.

    This manual was developed to assist teachers in Oklahoma in preparing students for industrial mechanical maintenance. The materials in this teacher's guide are organized in 14 units of instruction covering the following four areas: receiving and setting equipment; equipment hookup and operation; equipment layout, anchoring, and setup; and…

  3. Industrial power distribution

    SciTech Connect

    Sorrells, M.A.

    1990-01-01

    This paper is a broad overview of industrial power distribution. Primary focus will be on selection of the various low voltage components to achieve the end product. Emphasis will be on the use of national standards to ensure a safe and well designed installation.

  4. An Industry Redefined

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breeding, Marshall

    2007-01-01

    Activities in 2006 pointed to strategic shifts in library automation. The dynamics of the business environment changed rapidly from a fragmented industry to a highly consolidated one. Though the integrated library system (ILS) continues to represent the largest portion of revenue, products that deal with electronic content and deliver better…

  5. The Earthscan Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aviation/Space, 1982

    1982-01-01

    Spurred by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) technological advances, a budding industry is manufacturing equipment and providing services toward better management of earth's resources. Topics discussed include image processing, multispectral photography, ground use sensor, and weather data receiver. (Author/JN)

  6. RETRAINING BY PRIVATE INDUSTRY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HOOS, IDA R.

    SEVERAL SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA COMPANIES WERE EXAMINED FOR SPECIFIC PROGRAMS FOR DISPLACED EMPLOYEES. ARMOUR AND COMPANY SOUGHT TO GUIDE DISPLACED EMPLOYEES TO CLASSES OR COURSES OF ACTION OUTSIDE ITS OWN SPHERE OF OPERATION. LOCKHEED HAS PROVIDED UNUSUALLY WELL FOR UPGRADING AND RETRAINING, MAINLY BECAUSE OF INDUSTRY FLUCTUATIONS AND RAPID…

  7. Industrial Education Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau. Div. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    This guide was developed as a supplement to the Alaska Department of Education's industrial education curriculum. The special topics included in it focus on competencies from the curriculum for which materials were not readily available to Alaskan teachers and provide information that may not be sufficiently covered by existing curricula. Each…

  8. Engineering Industry Training Board

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Industrial Training International, 1974

    1974-01-01

    The Engineering Industry Training Board has produced a method enabling the office supervisor or departmental manager to control the critical parts of his systems--the Commercial Systems Practice (CSP). The systems plot, the staff/task matrix, performance indicators, and benefits of the CSP technique are discussed. (Author/MW)

  9. Vocational/Industrial Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School & University, 2003

    2003-01-01

    Presents high school and college vocational/industrial arts buildings considered outstanding in a competition, which judged the most outstanding learning environments at educational institutions nationwide. Jurors spent two days reviewing projects, highlighting unique concepts and ideas. For each citation, the article offers information on the…

  10. Today's Business Simulation Industry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summers, Gary J.

    2004-01-01

    New technologies are transforming the business simulation industry. The technologies come from research in computational fields of science, and they endow simulations with new capabilities and qualities. These capabilities and qualities include computerized behavioral simulations, online feedback and coaching, advanced interfaces, learning on…

  11. NASA and Industrial Property

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyman Hurvitz

    1960-01-01

    The purposes and powers of the National Aeronautics and Space Act are described briefly, particularly as they affect the electronics industry, as an introduction to a more extended discussion of the provisions of the Act relating to patent rights and rights to trade secrets and proprietary information generally. The stringent nature of the latter provisions is stressed, and adverse effects

  12. Industry Report 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galvin, Tammy

    2001-01-01

    The 2001 industry report details the formal training activity of U.S. organizations with 100 or more employees. Data were collected from 1,652 usable responses from a pool of 3,873 qualified candidates (42.7%). The report depicts annual expenditures on employee training, training methods, and who controls, benefits from, and delivers training.…

  13. Security in Industrial Ethernet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joern Peschke; Dirk Reinelt; Wang Yumin; Albert Treytl

    2006-01-01

    Ethernet has become increasingly popular in automation, due to its easy integration with other networks but also for its low costs and commercial availability. Characteristics like real-time capabilities required in automation have also been added and now form Industrial Ethernet allowing its deployment in application areas formerly reserved for dedicated fieldbus systems. Due to the vertical integration of office and

  14. Lipases, industrial uses

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Lipases are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of triglycerides to glycerol and fatty acids. Microbial lipases are relatively stable and are capable of catalyzing a variety of reactions; they are potentially of importance for diverse industrial applications. Lipases can be divided generally into...

  15. The Industrial Electrification Program

    E-print Network

    Harry, I. L.

    1982-01-01

    Finishing Processes ? (1) UV and electron beam curing of coatings (2) Low temperature plasma surface treating ? Welding (1) Komopolar Pulse (2) Electron Beam (3) Laser (4) Resistance (5) Arc c. Process Industries ? High Temperature Heat...) Electrolytic Processes (2) Plasma Processes B. Material Fabrication Processes Heating Processes ? ( 1) Induction (2) Electron Beam (3) Laser (4) Resistance Forming Processes ? ( 1) Electromagnetic (2) Electrohydraulic (3) Electrodeposition...

  16. Toy Industry Association

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    At the Toy Industry Association site, users can view the top-selling toys by dollar or unit sales. They can also read a list of new toys introduced last year as well as a ranking of the top software titles.

  17. Economics of industrial innovation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Freeman

    1982-01-01

    The author explores the relationship of industrial innovation and economic development in terms of economic investment in new processes and materials, the effects of technology on firm size, and the role of public policy in fostering technology and stimulating employment. Each of these areas is treated in a separate section. Excerpts from The Measurement of Scientific and Technical Activities appears

  18. Computer Technology for Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aviation/Space, 1982

    1982-01-01

    A special National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) service is contributing to national productivity by providing industry with reusable, low-cost, government-developed computer programs. Located at the University of Georgia, NASA's Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC) has developed programs for equipment…

  19. DIAPER INDUSTRY WORKSHOP REPORT

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report is the product of a one-day workshop on the diaper industry that was sponsored by the U.S. EPA. our topics covered during the workshop were public health and safety, recycling, composting, and product life cycle analysis. he primary objective of the workshop was to id...

  20. Industrial Assessment Center

    SciTech Connect

    Umesh K. Saxena

    2009-06-04

    This project involved providing technical assistance to help small and medium size industries in Wisconsin to reduce operating costs by managing energy, waste and productivity. The project helped save 525 companies on average about $40,000 per year. Under the direction of Dr. Saxena, more than twenty undergraduate and ten graduate students were trained in energy, waste, and productivity management.

  1. Animal health pharmaceutical industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard A. Carnevale; Thomas R. Shryock

    2006-01-01

    The animal health pharmaceutical industry has proactively reported on the volumes of member company antimicrobial active ingredients sold in the U.S. At the individual company level, reporting of finished product distribution data to the FDA is a regulatory requirement, with applications to surveillance and pharmacovigilance. An accounting of product manufactured is done for purposes of good business practices, as well

  2. Prioritizing Industrial Chemical Hazards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Veronique D. Hauschild; Gary M. Bratt

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the approach used to develop a prioritized list of toxic and hazardous industrial chemical hazards considered to pose substantial risk to deployed troops and military operations. The U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine published the prioritized list in November 2003. The work was performed as part of a multinational military effort supported by Canada,

  3. Industrial Turbine Fans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    Westinghouse Corp. & R &D Center's development of blades of an advanced controllable-pitch axial fan used in electrical power generation was aided by four computer programs supplied by COSMIC. Programs helped determine sensitivity of large industrial turbines and fans to particular matter such as dust and ash which can cause erosion. Programs also helped substantially reduce developmental costs.

  4. Industrial Education Safety Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    California is one of the few states in which school districts have a legal responsibility for accidents involving students while they are participating in assigned school activities. This guide was prepared to help school administrators and teachers evaluate their safety instruction programs and industrial education facilities in accordance with…

  5. Industrial Radiography Instructor's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Harry D.

    The curriculum guide was developed for teacher use in an 80-hour course for industrial radiographers. The units include: (1) The Structure of Matter and Radiation, (2) Nuclear Reactions and Radioisotopes, (3) The Nature and Consequences of Radiation Exposure, (4) Radiation Attenuation, (5) Absorption of Radiation, (6) Radiation Detection and…

  6. Steel Industry Wastes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidtke, N. W.; Averill, D. W.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a literature review of wastes from steel industry, covering publications of 1976-77. This review covers: (1) coke production; (2) iron and steel production; (3) rolling operations; and (4) surface treatment. A list of 133 references is also presented. (NM)

  7. Essays in the industrial organization of the pharmaceutical industry

    E-print Network

    Shapiro, Bradley T. (Bradley Thomas)

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation comprises of three chapters, each exploring different issues in the industrial organization of the pharmaceutical industry. In the first chapter, I study the effects of television advertising of antidepressants ...

  8. INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 13. PLASTICIZERS INDUSTRY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The catalog of Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use was developed as an aid in defining the environmental impacts of industrial activity in the United States. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of the study. The Plasticizer ...

  9. Industrial conflict in the engineering construction industry in Britain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregor Gall

    2012-01-01

    The militant and unofficial grassroots-led engineering construction strikes of 2009 starkly indicated that the industrial relations of the engineering construction industry in Britain can be characterized and termed as old-fashioned, adversarial and robust. This article takes these strikes as its point of departure to provide an overview of the nature and contours of the contemporary industrial relations of the engineering

  10. INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 8. PESTICIDES INDUSTRY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The catalog was developed to aid in defining the environmental impacts of U.S. industrial activity. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of the catalog. The pesticides industry produces organic chemicals used: to control agricultural pests...

  11. From Industry to Assignment: Developing Curriculum through Industry Liaison.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scribner, Jean

    Responding to the increasing use of the DACUM (Developing A Curriculum) process as a means of meeting industry demands for relevant curricula, this paper describes an approach supplementing DACUM with direct contact with industry. Following introductory material on the increasing emphasis on meeting industry's needs for training, discussions are…

  12. Industry InteractiveIndustry Interactive Procurement SystemProcurement System

    E-print Network

    Industry InteractiveIndustry Interactive Procurement SystemProcurement System (IIPS)(IIPS) Douglas posted to IIPS Grants.Gov is the single government point- of-entry for discretionary financial assistance button Click on the Industry Interactive Procurement System radio button A dialog box appears ­ Enter

  13. Coal industry annual 1997

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    Coal Industry Annual 1997 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. US Coal production for 1997 and previous years is based on the annual survey EIA-7A, Coal Production Report. This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report includes a national total coal consumption for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

  14. [Metalworking industry management evolution].

    PubMed

    Mattucci, Massimo

    2011-01-01

    Analysis of the evolution drivers of the management systems in the metalworking industry, mainly characterized as "automotive", starting with the "mass production" model, followed for the development of Italian industry in the '50. Through the socio-economic changes of the '90/10, the metalworking plants were deeply restructured with the introduction of computers in the production systems, and then with the first global benchmarks such as the "lean production", towards the needed operational flexibility to respond to the market dynamics. Plants change radically, company networks become real, ICT services are fundamental elements for the integration. These trends help visualizing a new "Factory of the Future" for the years 2020/30, where the competition will be based on the socio-economical, technological and environmental factors included in the "Competitive Sustainable Manufacturing" paradigm. PMID:22073665

  15. Industry perspective on Maglev

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1990-06-01

    Most of the recent discussion and proposed legislation concerning Maglev (magnetic levitation) assumes that U.S. industry has a strong interest in Maglev and will be willing to take a proactive, cost-sharing role in the development of Maglev systems. As part of the preliminary feasibility studies on Maglev, the Federal Railroad Administration obtained the perceptions of several major U.S. corporations and identified their interest in a Maglev program, their willingness to participate, and any potential barriers to their participation. The industry perspectives were obtained through an independent and unbiased external study that included in-depth interviews with senior executives from 22 major U.S. corporations. The study, conducted during April and May 1990, was primarily directed at the development and implementation of a next-generation leapfrog Maglev system in the United States.

  16. Alcohol Industry & Policy Database

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems.

    The Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems maintains the Alcohol Industry & Policy Database, which contains bibliographic citations and abstracts for more than 13,000 articles and news stories on the alcohol beverage industry, alcohol policy, and the prevention of alcohol-related problems. The citations in the database span from 1991 to the present and are updated monthly. Users may conduct cross-field queries of the database by keywords, subject headings, company name, and publication date. The search facility includes Word Wheels, which are interactive Java applets that help users to identify indexed terms quickly, thereby "eliminat[ing] trial-and-error searching [and] produc[ing] more accurate searches."

  17. Society of Chemical Industry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Society of Chemical Industry is "an international association of about 6000 members aimed at furthering applied chemistry." One of the highlights of its web site is its publication section, where, under "electronic publications," readers can find updated daily news, jobs and meetings listings on chemistry, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and the environment. The SCI home page also carries information about the organization, as well as details about its over 35 subject and geographical groups and their meeting schedules.

  18. Poultry Industry Energy Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    The poultry industry, a multi-billion dollar business in the United States, uses great amounts of energy in such operations as broiler growing, feed manufacturing, poultry processing and packing. Higher costs and limited supply of fuels common to the industry are predicted, so poultry producers are seeking ways to reduce energy expenditure. NASA is providing assistance to Delmarva Poultry Industry, Inc., an association of some 4,000 growers and suppliers in one of the nation's largest poultry production areas. Delmarva is the East Coast peninsula that includes Delaware and parts of Maryland and Virginia. The upper right photo shows a weather station in the Delmarva area (wind indicator on the pole, other instruments in the elevated box). The station is located at the University of Maryland's Broiler Sub-station, Salisbury; Maryland, where the university conducts research on poultry production and processing. The sub-station is investigating ways of conserving energy in broiler production and also exploring the potential of solar collectors as an alternative energy source. For these studies, it is essential that researchers have continuous data on temperature, pressure, wind speed and direction, solar intensity and cloud cover. Equipment to acquire such data was loaned and installed by NASA's Wallops Flight Center, Wallops Island, Virginia.

  19. Distance collaborations with industry

    SciTech Connect

    Peskin, A.; Swyler, K.

    1998-06-01

    The college industry relationship has been identified as a key policy issue in Engineering Education. Collaborations between academic institutions and the industrial sector have a long history and a bright future. For Engineering and Engineering Technology programs in particular, industry has played a crucial role in many areas including advisement, financial support, and practical training of both faculty and students. Among the most important and intimate interactions are collaborative projects and formal cooperative education arrangements. Most recently, such collaborations have taken on a new dimension, as advances in technology have made possible meaningful technical collaboration at a distance. There are several obvious technology areas that have contributed significantly to this trend. Foremost is the ubiquitous presence of the Internet. Perhaps almost as important are advances in computer based imaging. Because visual images offer a compelling user experience, it affords greater knowledge transfer efficiency than other modes of delivery. Furthermore, the quality of the image appears to have a strongly correlated effect on insight. A good visualization facility offers both a means for communication and a shared information space for the subjects, which are among the essential features of both peer collaboration and distance learning.

  20. Chemical Industry Archives

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In March 2001, PBS aired a disturbing two-hour special hosted by Bill Moyers that explores the history of the chemical revolution of the past 50 years and how companies have long sought to withhold information from the public and their employees about the safety of many substances. The program draws on a large collection of previously secret industry documents unearthed during a ten-year lawsuit by the family of a man who died from a rare brain cancer after working at a vinyl-chloride plant. The family's lawyer eventually charged all vinyl-chloride-producing companies with conspiracy, and the discovery process brought to light hundreds of thousands of pages of documents which reveal a closely planned and well-executed campaign to limit regulation of toxic chemicals and the liability of manufacturers and to withhold important health information from all parties. A large selection of these internal documents, over 37,000 pages, is available at the Chemical Industry Archives, created by the Environmental Working Group. The site offers several essays on the archive and the industry, including a selection of some egregious examples of companies hiding or denying known health risks of their products. The archive itself may be searched by keyword with several modifiers. The documents are presented in .pdf format. This site is sure to become an extremely important resource for health activists, journalists, and the concerned public.

  1. Restructuring the electric industry

    SciTech Connect

    Henning, B.

    1995-06-01

    Open access, competition, stranded costs and industry restructuring: these are the regulatory changes now being proposed for the electric industry by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and state public utility commissions. Regulators at both the state and federal level are looking to create an industry structure that harnesses competitive market forces, increasing customer choice and improves the efficiency of electricity markets, thereby reducing consumers` electricity rates. FERC Order 636 includes four elements: universal open access for wholesale power-transmission facilities and services; cost recovery for utility assets stranded as a result of open access; criteria used to delineate those facilities where FERC has jurisdiction and where state regulatory authorities have jurisdiction; and a notice to explore and develop an electronic real-time information network to facilitate market and transaction information involving transmission capacity. The proposed rule directly affects only ``wholesale`` transactions, that is, transactions where the purchaser of the electricity is not the ultimate end-use consumer. Whether and to what extent ``retail wheeling`` is pursued is an issue that each state will decide. The paper discusses the FERC approach.

  2. Technological Diversification of Japanese Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kodama, Fumio

    1986-01-01

    Describes an approach for measuring industrial technological diversification behavior. Identifies sectoral patterns of Japanese industry as related to diversification behaviors. Delineates the mechanisms and effectiveness of Japanese corporate and government policies relevant to diversification. (ML)

  3. Oklahoma Industrial Energy Management Program

    E-print Network

    Estes, C. B.; Turner, W. C.

    1980-01-01

    this, the Oklahoma Department of Energy designed a program to acquaint Oklahoma industry with the potential savings available through energy management and some basic techniques. The program is, entitled "Oklahoma Industrial Energy Management Program...

  4. INDUST: An Industrial Data Base 

    E-print Network

    Wilfert, G. L.; Moore, N. L.

    1987-01-01

    INDUST is a multicomponent data base of information for the thirteen most energy-intense industrial groups within the manufacturing sector. Within each industry group, INDUST contains data on plants, processes, equipment, and technology. The data...

  5. Modeling the semiconductor industry dynamics

    E-print Network

    Wu, Kailiang

    2008-01-01

    The semiconductor industry is an exciting and challenging industry. Strong demand at the application end, plus the high capital intensity and rapid technological innovation in manufacturing, makes it difficult to manage ...

  6. Empirical essays in industrial organization

    E-print Network

    Chiou, Lesley C

    2005-01-01

    In this dissertation, I present three empirical essays that encompass topics in industrial organization. The first essay examines the degree of competition and spatial differentiation in the retail industry by exploiting ...

  7. Industrial Engineering Education: A Prospective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elsayed, E. A.

    1999-01-01

    Presents an overview of the origin of the industrial engineering discipline and how the subject was taught in the early stages of its development. Describes current changes in the curricula to meet new requirements in industry. (Author/CCM)

  8. Report of Industry Panel Group

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gallimore, Simon; Gier, Jochen; Heitland, Greg; Povinelli, Louis; Sharma, Om; VandeWall, Allen

    2006-01-01

    A final report is presented from the industry panel group. The contents include: 1) General comments; 2) Positive progress since Minnowbrook IV; 3) Industry panel outcome; 4) Prioritized turbine projects; 5) Prioritized compressor projects; and 6) Miscellaneous.

  9. Industrial applications of microwave heating

    SciTech Connect

    Tobin, L.W.

    1983-08-01

    The application of high-power industrial microwave ovens to industrial processes offers increased productivity and energy savings of up to 5:1 in the rubber industry and 10:1 in the ceramic industry. Practical applications of preheat and curing for rubber products, as well as faster slip setup and drying with multiple daily casting of molds in the manufacture of ceramic products are discussed. Typical equipment characteristics are described and applications to other processes are suggested.

  10. Innovative Utility Pricing for Industry

    E-print Network

    Ross, J. A.

    INNOVATIVE UTILITY PRICING FOR INDUSTRY James A. Ross Drazen-Brubaker &Associates, Inc. St. Louis, Missouri ABSTRACT The electric utility industry represents only one source of power available to industry. Al though the monopolistic... structure of the electric utility industry may convey a perception that an electric utility is unaffected by competition, this is an erroneous perception with regard to in dustry. Electric utilities face increased compe tition, both from other utilities...

  11. Industry information uncertainty and stock return comovement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ting Luo; Wenjuan Xie

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the association between industry information uncertainty and stock return comovement within industries. We test two predictions on industry comovement given correlated overweight among investors on past industry returns when there is greater industry-level uncertainty: (1) we find that stocks in high-uncertainty industries are more likely to move with other stocks in the same industry; (2) we find

  12. Technological Change in Regulated Industries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capron, William M., Ed.

    The articles in this volume discuss how well industries operating under government regulation respond to technical innovation: do the effects of regulations vary among industries, and if so, does this result from variations in the regulatory approach, the organization of the firms, or the nature of the technology? Industries considered include…

  13. Enterprise Reform in Chinese Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary H Jefferson; Thomas G Rawski

    1994-01-01

    This paper begins by using a structure-conduct-performance perspective to show that partial reform improved the operation of China's state industries during the 1980s. The authors review the achievements of industries outside the state sector, emphasizing their links to the state sector. The paper focuses on key defects in the industrial system related to finance and ownership; shows how the accelerated

  14. (Company Letterhead) Industry Grants Officer

    E-print Network

    Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

    UBC file: (Company Letterhead) Date Industry Grants Officer University-Industry Liaison, British Columbia, V6T 1Z3 Dear Industry Grants Officer: RE: Grant-In-Aid Support (the "Grant") for Dr") _____________________________________________________________________ We confirm that we are pleased to provide to Institution the Grant in the total amount of CDN

  15. Industrial heat pump assessment study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. N. Chappell; S. J. Priebe; G. L. Wilfert

    1989-01-01

    This report summarizes preliminary studies that assess the potential of industrial heat pumps for reduction of process heating requirements in industries receiving power from the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). This project was initiated at the request of BPA to determine the potential of industrial heat pumps in BPA's service area. Working from known heat pump principles and from a list

  16. Redundancy in Industrial Ethernet Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gunnar Prytz

    2006-01-01

    The introduction of Ethernet in industrial systems calls for appropriate solutions to the issue of communication redundancy. Industrial Ethernet networks typically have more strict network failover time requirements than their office world counterparts, thereby creating a need for new and faster redundancy protocols. This paper compares industrial Ethernet redundancy requirements to existing solutions. This shows that currently, a myriad of

  17. Career Choices: Industry vs. Academia

    E-print Network

    Rohs, Remo

    Career Choices: Industry vs. Academia Yan Liu Assistant Professor Computer Science Department industry, and where can one make the most impact? · Best virtues in all jobs ­ Hardworking ­ Good attitude many students ­ Industry: you are on board of a big ship that makes a lot of impact #12;3) What compels

  18. Network structure of inter-industry flows

    E-print Network

    McNerney, James; Silverberg, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    We study the structure of inter-industry relationships using networks of money flows between industries in 20 national economies. We find these networks vary around a typical structure characterized by a Weibull link weight distribution, exponential industry size distribution, and a common community structure. The community structure is hierarchical, with the top level of the hierarchy comprising five industry communities: food industries, chemical industries, manufacturing industries, service industries, and extraction industries.

  19. Network structure of inter-industry flows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McNerney, James; Fath, Brian D.; Silverberg, Gerald

    2013-12-01

    We study the structure of inter-industry relationships using networks of money flows between industries in 45 national economies. We find these networks vary around a typical structure characterized by a Weibull link weight distribution, exponential industry size distribution, and a common community structure. The community structure is hierarchical, with the top level of the hierarchy comprising five industry communities: food industries, chemical industries, manufacturing industries, service industries, and extraction industries.

  20. Biohydrogen production from industrial wastewaters.

    PubMed

    Moreno-Andrade, Iván; Moreno, Gloria; Kumar, Gopalakrishnan; Buitrón, Germán

    2015-01-01

    The feasibility of producing hydrogen from various industrial wastes, such as vinasses (sugar and tequila industries), and raw and physicochemical-treated wastewater from the plastic industry and toilet aircraft wastewater, was evaluated. The results showed that the tequila vinasses presented the maximum hydrogen generation potential, followed by the raw plastic industry wastewater, aircraft wastewater, and physicochemical-treated wastewater from the plastic industry and sugar vinasses, respectively. The hydrogen production from the aircraft wastewater was increased by the adaptation of the microorganisms in the anaerobic sequencing batch reactor. PMID:25607676

  1. Industrial partnerships yield EPIC results

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, T.

    1996-08-01

    With a new era of competition approaching in the electricity supply industry, utilities are getting closer than ever to their industrial customers, in many cases making direct alliances as partners to help customers become more efficient, productive, and competitive. The EPRI Partnership for Industrial Competitiveness (EPIC) program aims to help industrial customers address critical priorities in environmental impact, efficiency, and productivity with the ultimate goals of long-term profitability and job retention. By offering in-plant consultant evaluations of systems and processes, EPIC helps industrial customers develop strategic insights into their operations and leverage technology and productivity solutions for competitive business advantage.

  2. EDITORIAL: Industrial Process Tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    West, Robert M.

    2004-07-01

    Industrial process tomography remains a multidisciplinary field with considerable interest for many varied participants. Indeed this adds greatly to its appeal. It is a pleasure and a privilege to once again act as guest editor for a special feature issue of Measurement Science and Technology on industrial process tomography, the last being in December 2002. Those involved in the subject appreciate the efforts of Measurement Science and Technology in producing another issue and I thank the journal on their behalf. It can be seen that there are considerable differences in the composition of material covered in this issue compared with previous publications. The dominance of electrical impedance and electrical capacitance techniques is reduced and there is increased emphasis on general utility of tomographic methods. This is encompassed in the papers of Hoyle and Jia (visualization) and Dierick et al (Octopus). Electrical capacitance tomography has been a core modality for industrial applications. This issue includes new work in two very interesting aspects of image reconstruction: pattern matching (Takei and Saito) and simulated annealing (Ortiz-Aleman et al). It is important to take advantage of knowledge of the process such as the presence of only two components, and then to have robust reconstruction methods provided by pattern matching and by simulated annealing. Although crude reconstruction methods such as approximation by linear back projection were utilized for initial work on electrical impedance tomography, the techniques published here are much more advanced. The paper by Kim et al includes modelling of a two-component system permitting an adaption-related approach; the paper by Tossavainen et al models free surface boundaries to enable the estimation of shapes of objects within the target. There are clear improvements on the previous crude and blurred reconstructions where boundaries were merely inferred rather than estimated as in these new developments. Interest in magnetic induction tomography has evolved recently and I am pleased to note the inclusion of new work in that modality by Casanova et al. Note that this work also makes full use of prior information to improve reconstruction results. A modality that is relatively new to industrial applications is featured by Holstein et al, namely acoustic tomography. The novelty is provided by using measurements of the speed of sound in gas (air) to identify temperature distributions. Two well chosen applications illustrate the technique. Hard-field tomography, that is the modalities of x-ray and gamma-ray tomography, has always been of interest for some industrial applications. Often this has been for the high resolution of reconstructions available with these techniques, but there application has been restricted due to concerns about use of ionizing radiation. Cattle et al include an application to a process where the material to be imaged is a gamma emitter, i.e. only passive sources are used. The novelty here is that both source and attenuation information is used concurrently to obtain reconstructions. I thank the authors for a fascinating collection of papers that reflect current interest in the subject of industrial process tomography.

  3. Coal Industry Annual 1995

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 21 million short tons for 1995.

  4. Industrial application experiment series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bluhm, S. A.

    1981-05-01

    Two procurements within the Industrial Application Experiment Series of the Thermal Power Systems Project are discussed. The first procurement, initiated in April 1980, resulted in an award to the Applied Concepts Corporation for the Capital Concrete Experiment: two Fresnel concentrating collectors will be evaluated in single-unit installations at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Parabolic Dish Test Site and at Capitol Concrete Products, Topeka, Kansas. The second procurement, initiated in March 1981, is titled, "Thermal System Engineering Experiment B." The objective of the procurement is the rapid deployment of developed parabolic dish collectors.

  5. Industrial Transformation Science Plan

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, this "Industrial Transformation Science Plan" incorporates a multidisciplinary research effort which is "based on the assumption that important changes in production and consumption systems will be required in order to meet the needs and aspirations of a growing world population while using environmental resources in a sustainable manner." The plan has combined the input of experts in a wide range of social science disciplines with that of experts from both life and physical sciences.

  6. Museum of History & Industry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded by a band of historically-minded Seattleites in 1911, the Seattle Historical Society would later go on to create The Museum of History & Industry (MOHAI) in 1952. Since that time, MOHAI has been intimately involved with preserving and interpreting various aspects of Pacific Northwest history for both the curious public and scholars. Their website offers a few very nice highlights of some of their collections, including a photograph archive that contains approximately 4000 images. Visitors should also take a look at one of the several dozen oral history transcripts here, which feature discussions with men and women who have been involved in the information technology and manufacturing industries in the region. Those who find themselves in or around Seattle will want to look over the information offered here about visiting the actual museum as well. The site is rounded out by a very fun selection of audio clips, including one of the official theme songs of the 1962 Seattle World's Fair and another audio segment that features Bing Crosby waxing philosophic about his love for his native Washington state.

  7. 2013 mask industry survey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malloy, Matt

    2013-09-01

    A comprehensive survey was sent to merchant and captive mask shops to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. 2013 marks the 12th consecutive year for this process. Historical topics including general mask profile, mask processing, data and write time, yield and yield loss, delivery times, maintenance, and returns were included and new topics were added. Within each category are multiple questions that result in a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the mask industry. While each year's survey includes minor updates based on feedback from past years and the need to collect additional data on key topics, the bulk of the survey and reporting structure have remained relatively constant. A series of improvements is being phased in beginning in 2013 to add value to a wider audience, while at the same time retaining the historical content required for trend analyses of the traditional metrics. Additions in 2013 include topics such as top challenges, future concerns, and additional details in key aspects of mask masking, such as the number of masks per mask set per ground rule, minimum mask resolution shipped, and yield by ground rule. These expansions beyond the historical topics are aimed at identifying common issues, gaps, and needs. They will also provide a better understanding of real-life mask requirements and capabilities for comparison to the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS).

  8. Competitive developments in the electric supply industry

    SciTech Connect

    Bruder, G.F.; Lively, M.

    1996-12-31

    Competition in the electric supply industry is outlined. The following topics are discussed: six impending major developments in the electric industry; recent and projected developments in the industry; where is the industry headed?; and what the future holds.

  9. The Grain Milling Oilseed Processing Industry

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    -19 Diamond of Advantage for Grain and Oilseed Processing Industry Attachment A Minnesota's Food Manufacturing reaches many industries. Examples: Food product manufacturers, processing manufacturers, agriculture Processing industries are interdependent to other clusters in food, feed, fuel and industrial products

  10. 5 CFR 532.305 - Dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Dominant industry. 532.305 Section 532.305 Administrative...Types of Positions § 532.305 Dominant industry. (a)(1) A specialized industry is a “dominant industry” if the...

  11. 5 CFR 532.305 - Dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Dominant industry. 532.305 Section 532.305 Administrative...Types of Positions § 532.305 Dominant industry. (a)(1) A specialized industry is a “dominant industry” if the...

  12. 5 CFR 532.305 - Dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Dominant industry. 532.305 Section 532.305 Administrative...Types of Positions § 532.305 Dominant industry. (a)(1) A specialized industry is a “dominant industry” if the...

  13. Colorado Statewide Forest Products Industry Profile

    E-print Network

    Colorado Statewide Forest Products Industry Profile Economic Sustainability and Ecological;Industry "Profiling" · Information Sources · Historical Review and Comparisons· Historical Review · Observations #12;Information Sources ­ CSFS Industry Directory, Colorado Forest ProductsTM and­ CSFS Industry

  14. Task Force on University-Industry Sponsored

    E-print Network

    Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

    Task Force on University-Industry Sponsored Research Arrangements Final Report June 23, 2006 #12;UBC University-Industry Liaison Office Page 2 of 30 Task Force on University-Industry Research University-Industry Research Relationships TREK 2010: Mission

  15. 5 CFR 532.305 - Dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Dominant industry. 532.305 Section 532.305 Administrative...Types of Positions § 532.305 Dominant industry. (a)(1) A specialized industry is a “dominant industry” if the...

  16. 5 CFR 532.305 - Dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Dominant industry. 532.305 Section 532.305 Administrative...Types of Positions § 532.305 Dominant industry. (a)(1) A specialized industry is a “dominant industry” if the...

  17. The Industry Standard

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    IDG.net, provided by prolific publisher IDG (International Data Group), launched this magazine, and this site is the web complement to it. TIS aims to keep its fingers on the pulse of the Internet economy. Judging from the first online issue, that is no false promise. The site, at present, contains full text of the magazine's content, as well as breaking news which can also be accessed via three mailing lists: Media Grok, New Gig, and The Industry Standard Intelligencer, which provide news stories, job listings, and feature stories, respectively. TIS also offers information on Internet metrics and a budding "Who's Who" of the Internet Economy, with selected information on hundreds of Internet entrepreneurs. Within this section, the Internet architect of the week profiles a selected Internet baron in-depth.

  18. Boston Private Industry Council

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1979 by a banker and education advocate, the Boston Private Industry Council's (PIC) Boston's Workforce Investment Board is a valuable program that pairs Boston businesses with Boston high school students to give the students valuable experience and jobs, while helping the businesses develop a skilled workforce. Visitors should definitely take a look at the "Research" tab to read about research on "Drop Out Studies", "Labor Market Studies", and "College Going Studies" that the PIC has produced with the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University. Under the "Programs" tab visitors can choose from career programs for youth, adults, and out-of-school youth (those who have not finished high school or finished without passing state requirements). Under the same tab, visitors will find the "Career Exploration for Youth" program provides career exploration programs including "Job Shadow Day", "Mock Interviews", and "Career Speakers".

  19. Industrial Inspection System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Lixi, Inc. has built a thriving business on NASA-developed x-ray technology. The Low Intensity X-ray Imaging scope (LIXI) was designed to use less than one percent of radiation required by conventional x-ray devices. It is portable and can be used for a variety of industrial inspection systems as well as medical devices. A food processing plant uses the new LIXI Conveyor system to identify small bone fragments in chicken. The chicken packages on a conveyor belt enter an x-ray chamber and the image is displayed on a monitor. Defects measuring less than a millimeter can be detected. An important advantage of the system is its ability to inspect 100 percent of the product right on the production line.

  20. Nanofluids: Future Industrial Coolants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arora, Sakshi; Srivastava, Sunita

    2011-12-01

    Nanofluids have emerged as a major area of research due to significant increase found in their thermal conductivity compared to the base fluids like Water, Ethylene Glycol, Toluene, etc. The enhanced transport properties of nanofluids and heat transfer efficiency have given them an edge over micro to macro sized particle suspensions. These fluids find great applications in thermal management as industrial coolants and various biomedical applications including cancer therapy. Major mechanism appears to be layering of liquid molecules at the solid-particle surface to form an interfacial nanolayer. This paper describes the dependence of effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids on nanoparticle concentration and transport properties of interfacial layer. We have studied the role of interfacial layer and nanoparticle Al2O3 concentration to the effective thermal conductivity of Al2O3/Water based nanofluid. Effect of temperature and pressure has also been investigated. Estimated values are found to match excellently with the available experimental data.

  1. Industry Council for Development

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The primary goal of the Industry Council for Development (ICD) is "to improve public health through practical partnership projects aimed at food safety and nutrition goals." Although the ICD is a private organization, it has official relations with the World Health Organization and the Food and Agricultural Organization. The ICD works with these organizations on practical action-oriented projects in the developing world that deal with issues like food safety and drinking water quality. On their homepage, visitors can learn about their leadership, read their mission statement, and learn about their thematic initiatives in areas like "Non-Communicable Diseases" and "Risk Analysis and Risk Assessment". Professionals in the field will be delighted to learn that the ICD has developed two training courses titled "The Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point" and "Food Safety". Both of these courses are available here, and visitors will want to share them with colleagues and others who might be working on related matters.

  2. The Canadian Beef Industry

    PubMed Central

    Fredeen, H.

    1980-01-01

    The cattle industry in Canada has changed greatly over the past several decades. Size of the national dairy herd has reduced steadily but this reduction has been more than offset by an increase in the beef herd. As the dairy herd has decreased, the role of the Holstein has increased. The genetic improvement of the Canadian Holstein, based on selection procedures emphasizing progeny performance and mediated through increasing use of artificial insemination, has earned the breed a strong international reputation. This is reflected by the increasing international demand for semen. The strongest growth of the national beef herd occurred during a period of brisk import activity. Several of the new nonBritish breeds are now well established. Their advent on the Canadian scene rekindled interest in crossbreeding and systematic crossbreeding programs designed to make controlled use of heterozygosity are in the process of development. The new breeds of major importance at this time combine rapid growth rate with desirable carcass characteristics, specifically lean content. This, coupled with the carcass grade standards inaugurated in 1972, has resulted in improved efficiency of lean meat production. Importation activity has waned and a review of the production credentials of breeds not yet in Canada suggests little likelihood that they will contribute meaningfully to Canadian production. The numerous beef breeds now in Canada are presently undergoing a process of applied evaluation and relatively few of them seem destined to make a lasting contribution. The future of the cattle industry will be determined largely by economic developments. However, the ability of the ruminant to utilize food materials that do not compete directly with human demands should ensure an enduring future. PMID:7363257

  3. Industry Risk and Market Integration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francesca Carrieri; Vihang Errunza; Sergei Sarkissian

    2004-01-01

    Traditionally, integration has been studied at the country level. With increasing economic integration, industrial reorganization, and blurring of national boundaries (e.g., European Union (EU)), it is important to investigate global integration at the industry level. We argue that country-level integration (segmentation) does not preclude industry-level segmentation (integration). Indeed, our results suggest that a country is integrated with (segmented from) the

  4. EPRI's Industrial Energy Management Program

    E-print Network

    Mergens, E.; Niday, L.

    , and wood Materials Production-metals, glass, and mining/minerals processing Process Industries-food and agriculture, pulp and paper, textiles, chemicals, and petroleum Efforts in each sector include research, development, and commercialization... ladle refining, plasma cupola commercialization, and EAF dust treatment commercialization. Process Industry OfficeslPIOj The United States food and agriculture, textiles, chemicals, and petroleum industries consume 320 billion kWh per year, almost...

  5. Medical Device Industry Educatinon Cosortium

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Sullivan, Michael

    The Medical Device Industry Education Consortium (MDIEC) was formed to build a learning and innovation network to develop and deliver industry-endorsed solutions that address critical industry-defined technical education and training needs. St. Petersburg College (SPC) led a group of Eight Community Colleges and Fifteen Industry partners to co-found the consortium. A Department of Education (DOE) Grant funded the initial formation and curriculum development. SPC along with Anoka-Ramsey Community College in Minnesota and Edmonds Community College in Washington State was awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant to further MDIEC and develop curriculum in three critical training areas: quality systems, information management and clinical data management.

  6. MIT and the Building/Construction Industries MIT Industry Brief

    E-print Network

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    structures, materials, industrialized building systems, energy and lighting in buildings, air quality control (MIT) is a leading center of research and education on topics important to the building/construction and related industries such as: · Building, infrastructure · Materials, energy · Architecture, design · Smart

  7. Industrial Ecology Instructional Guide for the Industrial Arts Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Oswego. Coll. at Oswego. Dept. of Industrial Arts and Technology.

    The detailed guide was prepared to help industrial arts personnel direct their students in a unit on environmental education, specifically geared for the industrial arts laboratory, which employs the Maryland Plan for implementing the unit method of instruction. Guidelines for implementing the program are based on experience with pilot projects…

  8. Industrial market and energy management guide. Standard Industrial Classification 22, textile mill products industry

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    Purpose of this guide is twofold: First, to provide an overview of the industrial market for consulting engineers in the textile mill products industry by providing an overall description of the market, its size, and attitudes toward more energy efficient operations. Second, to present sources of information to help consulting engineers locate these industries on a local and national level, and further assess their market opportunities. The facts and figures that describe the various elements of this industrial sector are presented along with its national distribution of plant locations, and resources where more detailed information can be found. Process flow diagrams, process step descriptions, and energy efficient ideas are presented.

  9. Industrial Wastes as a Fuel 

    E-print Network

    Richardson, G.; Hendrix, W.

    1980-01-01

    available for coal since it was at one time a major industrial fuel and is still used extensively for electric power generation. However, combustion data for other fuels such as wood and solid materials typically generated as industrial wastes can only...

  10. Chapter 25 The pharmaceutical industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. M. Scherer

    2000-01-01

    This Handbook chapter surveys the extensive body of research on the economics of the pharmaceutical industry (with peripheral attention paid also to regulated medical devices). Pharmaceuticals is one of the world's most research-intensive industries, generating a continuing steam of new products that save lives and raise the quality of life. The discovery of new drugs has evolved over time from

  11. The Theory of Industrial Organization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean Tirole

    1988-01-01

    The Theory of Industrial Organization is the first primary text to treat the new industrial organization at the advanced-undergraduate and graduate level. Rigorously analytical and filled with exercises coded to indicate level of difficulty, it provides a unified and modern treatment of the field with accessible models that are simplified to highlight robust economic ideas while working at an intuitive

  12. International Workshop Asian industrial Clusters

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 International Workshop Asian industrial Clusters Lyon, 29 th -30 th November, 1 st December "International Workshop Asian industrial Clusters, Lyon : France (2006)" #12;2 2001) : les économistes et Comprendre les clusters industriels du Zhejiang : Interrogations et remises en question1 par Lu SHI, Maîtrede

  13. INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY: A CRITICAL REVIEW

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dara O'Rourke; Lloyd Connelly; Catherine Koshland

    1996-01-01

    Scientists, policy-makers, and the general public are becoming increasingly aware of environmental damage associated with large and growing material through-put required in modern industrial society. One approach emerging in response to these concerns is called Industrial Ecology (IE). IE signals a shift from \\

  14. 1976 Keystone coal industry manual

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nielsen

    1976-01-01

    The manual is the industry reference authority for the many diverse organizations concerned with the supply and utilization of coal in the United States and Canada. For its many other users as well, Keystone serves as a comprehensive reference to the production and distribution facilities of the coal industry and is the source of considerable data unavailable elsewhere. Some new

  15. Agricultural Executive Council Industry Tour

    E-print Network

    Tullos, Desiree

    Agricultural Executive Council Industry Tour April 27­29, 2012 Annually, the Agricultural Executive Sciences and the College of Forestry will be selected to attend the 2012 Industry Tour. The bus will depart, lodging, tours, and one group meal (Ag Executive council is covering the remaining balance). Please submit

  16. Industry's Struggle for Skilled Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Don

    1979-01-01

    The growing shortage of skilled workers in industrial maintenance, the growing complexity of equipment, and the automation of production processes call for improved and increased employee training and retraining. A General Motors training supervisor notes how education and industry can cooperate to provide this education and training. (MF)

  17. Petroleum industry assists hurricane relief

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-09-14

    This paper reports that the petroleum industry is aiding victims of last month's Hurricane Andrew with cash, clothing, food, water, and other supplies. Cash contributions announced as of last week totaled more than $2.7 million for distribution in South Florida and South Louisiana. Petroleum industry employees were collecting relief items such as bottled water and diapers for distribution in those areas.

  18. Japanese Industry Boosts Pollution Spending

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAbee, Michael K.

    1975-01-01

    In response to tightening emission standards imposed by the government, Japanese industry will increase its capital spending on pollution control equipment to account for about 20 percent of all industrial capital spending. Preferential treatment and loans from government-affiliated financial institutions are available for projects. (Author/MLH)

  19. Sensor networks for industrial applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Flammini; P. Ferrari; D. Marioli; E. Sisinni; A. Taroni

    2007-01-01

    Industrial applications are moving from centralized architectures towards distributed ones, thanks to cost effectiveness, better flexibility, scalability, reliability and diagnostic functionalities. The use of sensors in industrial communications improves overall plant performance since sensor information can be used by several equipments and shared on the Web. A communication system suitable for computers and PLCs, that exchanges a large amount of

  20. Electricity in the Lumber Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. F. Whitney

    1914-01-01

    The development in the application of electric drive to the lumber industry has been exceptionally rapid. Successful sawmill companies are now even operating entirely from central station service, notwithstanding the large amounts of refuse available for fuel. The paper considers the lumbering industry as carried on in Washington and Oregon, and describes the application of electric power to the various

  1. Industrial restructuring and economic growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Carree

    2002-01-01

    The last two decades have been a period of structural change in industrialised countries. The extent of this restructuring process has been different across countries and industries, though. In this paper we investigate the effect of lagging behind in the process of downsizing and deconcen- tration. We find empirical evidence of industries that experienced only little downsizing when compared interna-

  2. Craft labour and creative industries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Banks

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the role and status of craft labour in the creative industries. While it tends to be overlooked, craft labour is an integral part of what is ostensibly an artist?led and ‘creative’ work process. The article highlights the necessity of craft in the creative industry ‘workshop’, and the relative autonomy enjoyed by its practitioners. However, while craft labour

  3. Manpower Impacts of Industrial Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Dept. of Labor, Albany. Research and Statistics Office.

    The effects of technological change on the manpower and training needs of New York State industry were studied in a survey of 281 Industrial situations. The study was designed to help answer questions about the effects of factory and related technological change in displacing workers, in creating recruitment and training needs, and in altering the…

  4. University-Industry Interaction Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roy, Rustum

    1972-01-01

    Discusses existing and possible models for the promotion of cooperative research between industry and universities, some of which also involve state and federal funding of basic research. Urges experiementation to determine the effectiveness of the models as large scale industrial laboratories are eliminated. (AL)

  5. Automation; The New Industrial Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnstein, George E.

    Automation is a word that describes the workings of computers and the innovations of automatic transfer machines in the factory. As the hallmark of the new industrial revolution, computers displace workers and create a need for new skills and retraining programs. With improved communication between industry and the educational community to…

  6. Solar array manufacturing industry simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chamberlain, R. G.; Firnett, P. J.; Kleine, B.

    1980-01-01

    Solar Array Manufacturing Industry Simulation (SAMIS) program is a standardized model of industry to manufacture silicon solar modules for use in electricity generation. Model is used to develop financial reports that detail requirements, including amounts and prices for materials, labor, facilities, and equipment required by companies.

  7. Industrial applications of microbial lipases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fariha Hasan; Aamer Ali Shah; Abdul Hameed

    2006-01-01

    Lipases are a class of enzymes which catalyse the hydrolysis of long chain triglycerides. Microbial lipases are currently receiving much attention with the rapid development of enzyme technology. Lipases constitute the most important group of biocatalysts for biotechnological applications. This review describes various industrial applications of microbial lipases in the detergent, food, flavour industry, biocatalytic resolution of pharmaceuticals, esters and

  8. 1997 Census of Construction Industries

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    New reports to be included in the 1997 Census of Construction Industries are posted at this EC97C Industry Series page. Currently, the Masonry and Stone Contractors and Electrical Contractors reports are present with state and regional-level data.

  9. Careers in the Music Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Peter J.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Describes jobs in the music industry, including instrument designer, sales representative, instrument repair-person, retail music sales-person, recording engineer, and careers in the new video music industry. Educational requirements, personal qualifications, and the advantages and disadvantages of each job are discussed. (AM)

  10. Synthesis of industrial neural controllers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Aliev; R. R. Aliev; R. H. Abiev

    1994-01-01

    In this paper the synthesis problems of industrial deterministic, fuzzy and adaptive controllers, based on neural technology are considered. Comparative results of considered classes of controllers are given. Results of application of neural controllers in the oil-refinery industry are discussed

  11. 93NOVEMBER 2009 INDUSTRY PERSPECTIVE

    E-print Network

    -9162/09/$26.00 © 2009 IEEE I nternships connect academia and industry. Students learn what it's like in industry agreements), receive badges and equipment, and learn about the company and group they have joined the year, as SAP does, existing interns are the best resources for new interns. These "old hands" recall

  12. Multifuel industrial steam generation

    SciTech Connect

    Mesko, J.E. (Parsons-Brinckerhoff, New York, NY (USA))

    1991-01-01

    An inefficient, unreliable steam generation and distribution system at the Red River Army Depot (Texarkana, Tex.), a major industrial facility of the federal government, was replaced with a modern, multifuel-burning steam plant. In the new plant, steam is generated by three high-pressure field-erected boilers burning 100 percent coal, 100 percent refuse, or any combination of the two, while maintaining particulate emissions, SO{sub 2} concentration, and NO{sub x} and chlorine levels at or better than clean air standards. The plant, which has been in operation since 1986, is now part of the Army's Energy/Environment Showcase for demonstrating innovative technology to public and private operators. When the project began, the Red River depot faced several operational problems. Existing No. 2 oil- and gas- fired boilers in three separate boiler plants were inefficient, unreliable, and difficult to maintain. Extra boilers often had to be leased to provide for needed capacity. In addition, the facility had large quantities of waste to dispose of.

  13. Industrial waste management in Japan

    SciTech Connect

    Hirota, Y.

    1986-12-01

    Systematic management for industrial waste in Japan has been carried out based on the Waste Disposal and Public Cleansing Law which was enacted in 1970. The law and its ordinances designate 19 kinds of waste materials discharged from business activities as industrial waste and prescribe the generator's responsibility, requirements for treatment contractors, standards for consignment, specific personnel, etc. from the view of proper management. And they also prescribe disposal standards, structure, and maintenance standards for treatment facilities, including final disposal sites, from the view of proper treatment and disposal. The Standard for Verification provides criteria to categorize as hazardous or nonhazardous industrial waste which is subjected to treatment and disposal in conformity with each standard. The fundamental policies to cope with industrial waste focus on reduction of generation, promotion of recycling, establishment of a comprehensive information management system and participation of the public which can contribute well to prevent environmental pollution caused by inappropriate management of industrial waste.

  14. Industrial partnerships yield EPIC results

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, T.

    1996-01-01

    With a new era of competition approaching in the electricity supply industry, utilities are getting closer than ever to their industrial customers, in many cases making direct alliances as partners to help customers become more efficient, productive, and competitive. The EPRI Partnership for Industrial Competitiveness-EPIC-program aims to help industrial customers address critical priorities in environmental impact, efficiency and productivity with the ultimate goals of long-term profitability and job retention. By offering in-plant consultant evaluations of systems and processes, EPIC helps industrial customers develop strategic insights into their operations and leverage technology and productivity solutions for competitive business advantage. This paper describes these strategies, areas of focus, investments and benefits.

  15. Dental Erosion in Industry

    PubMed Central

    Cate, H. J. Ten Bruggen

    1968-01-01

    Five hundred and fifty-five acid workers were examined between March 1962 and October 1964. One hundred and seventy-six (31·7%) were affected by industrial dental erosion at the first examinations. In 33 cases (6·0%) the dentine was affected. During the period of the survey, 66 (20·4%) of 324 workers examined more than once showed evidence that erosion was progressing. The prevalence and incidence of erosion were highest among battery formation workers, lower among picklers, and least among other processes covered by the survey. The age of workers did not appear to influence their susceptibility to erosion. The habit of working with the lips slightly parted had little effect. Erosion superimposed upon attrition predisposed to more severe loss of tooth structure than either operating alone. Little inconvenience or functional disability was suffered by acid workers due to erosion. Twenty-seven (23·7%) of 114 erosions were considered to be disfiguring. Regular dental treatment was sought less by acid workers than by controls, and the oral hygiene of the latter was superior. There was no evidence to show any difference between caries experience among acid workers and controls. Calculus and periodontal disease were more prevalent among acid workers than among controls, but it was not possible to attribute this to the working environment. Black staining in iron picklers was considered to be due to the working environment. The use of closed acid containers or lip extraction on open acid vats prevented significant atmospheric contamination and diminished the prevalence of erosion. The use of wall fans and detergent foaming agents was helpful. Images PMID:5723349

  16. Enhanced industrial wastewater treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Nachabe, A.H.; Durlak, E. [Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center, Port Hueneme, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The sodium sulfide/ferrous sulfate (SS/FS) process is a treatment technology for the reduction of hexavalent chromium and precipitation of heavy metals in industrial wastewater treatment plants (IWTP). When the ferrous ion, as ferrous sulfate, is mixed with sulfide, the hexavalent chromium is rapidly reduced to its trivalent state at a neutral pH and then precipitated. SS/FS technology can be used to replace the current hydroxide treatment chemistry in Navy IWTPs. This paper will present the results and lessons learned from full-scale implementation of SS/FS at Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) Keyport, Washington. The SS/FS treatment process reduced the chemical cost by fifty nine percent and sludge disposal cost by thirty one percent. On an annual basis total cost savings amounted to $31,950 or thirty four percent. The SS/FS treatment process lowered the amount of treatment chemicals used in the IWTP. Furthermore, metal sulfides tend to be two to three orders of magnitude less soluble than their corresponding metal hydroxides. This allows for cleaner effluent, which will help the facility meet environmental discharge requirements. Further benefits include the removal from the shop area of the high pressure sulfur dioxide cylinder (used in the hydroxide process), a faster and more reliable chrome reduction method, neutral pH operation that extends tank and equipment life, and less acid and caustic chemicals stored on the shop floor. As Navy activities respond to the ever increasing pressures to do more with less, the SS/FS process can help them meet the increasingly stringent standards.

  17. Uranium industry annual 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    Uranium production in the United States has declined dramatically from a peak of 43.7 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (16.8 thousand metric tons uranium (U)) in 1980 to 3.1 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (1.2 thousand metric tons U) in 1993. This decline is attributed to the world uranium market experiencing oversupply and intense competition. Large inventories of uranium accumulated when optimistic forecasts for growth in nuclear power generation were not realized. The other factor which is affecting U.S. uranium production is that some other countries, notably Australia and Canada, possess higher quality uranium reserves that can be mined at lower costs than those of the United States. Realizing its competitive advantage, Canada was the world`s largest producer in 1993 with an output of 23.9 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (9.2 thousand metric tons U). The U.S. uranium industry, responding to over a decade of declining market prices, has downsized and adopted less costly and more efficient production methods. The main result has been a suspension of production from conventional mines and mills. Since mid-1992, only nonconventional production facilities, chiefly in situ leach (ISL) mining and byproduct recovery, have operated in the United States. In contrast, nonconventional sources provided only 13 percent of the uranium produced in 1980. ISL mining has developed into the most cost efficient and environmentally acceptable method for producing uranium in the United States. The process, also known as solution mining, differs from conventional mining in that solutions are used to recover uranium from the ground without excavating the ore and generating associated solid waste. This article describes the current ISL Yang technology and its regulatory approval process, and provides an analysis of the factors favoring ISL mining over conventional methods in a declining uranium market.

  18. Planning and Design for Industry Logistics Park

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guo Yi; Zhang Xinxin

    2011-01-01

    Regarding a single industry as the target, industry logistics park is the professional logistics park that is specially planned according to industry characteristics. Considering that the industry logistics park has special functions, such as economize on resources, improvement of logistics efficiency and service quality, protection of the environment and so on, industry logistics park's planning and design is different from

  19. Robotization in the Japanese automotive industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoshihiro Kusuda

    1999-01-01

    Describes the robotization of the Japanese automotive industry. The automotive industry is still the major segment of the industrial robot market in Japan. At the moment, however, annual shipments of industrial robots to the industry are at only 60 per cent of the peak in 1991. This reflects the struggling Japanese economy and low capital investment in domestic car production.

  20. US industrial thermal energy storage program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olszewski, M.

    Three major programs to reduce oil and gas consumption in industry are described. The programs include in-plant reuse of industrial reject heat, external reuse of industrial reject heat, and the use of alternate fuels. Projects, the organization of the US Industrial Thermal Energy Storage Program, and future program directions are described with some specifics cited in the food processing and paper industries.

  1. How utilizes can revitalize industry

    SciTech Connect

    De Vaul, D.; Bartsch, C. [Northeast Midwest Institute, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-12-31

    During the first weeks of his presidency, Bill Clinton asserted that the nation`s industries must modernize if Americans are to enjoy a rising standard of living. He noted that inadequate knowledge about new production technologies and inadequate capital for plant improvements were making it hard for manufacturers, particularly small and midsized firms, to improve their productivity and economic competitiveness. And though he said his administration would stress the benefits of government research, technology transfer, and financial assistance, President Clinton acknowledged that Washington needs new partners to help modernize U.S. industrial processes. Electric utilities are likely candidates. They have considerable technical expertise and access to large sums of capital that could help industry improve its productivity. Fortuitously, power companies also would benefit by such a partnership stimulating local economic activity and better managing electricity demands. Although many utilities pursue so-called demand-side management programs for their commercial and residential customers, most have not focused much attention on the industrial sector, in part because achieving industrial energy efficiency requires more specialized expertise than do routine energy audits to improve the insulation and lighting of homes and commercial buildings. Yet the reasons to target industry are compelling: Industrial firms consume more than 35 percent of the electricity in the United States, and investment in retooling manufacturing operations with energy-efficient and productive equipment could help spur economic revitalization.

  2. European Route of Industrial Heritage

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH) was started in 2003, and it quickly gained the cooperation of the three countries (Belgium, Great Britain and Germany) that were the heart of the Industrial Revolution. The ERIH brought together non-profits, academic institutions, and tourism organizations with the goal to "protect Europe's industrial heritage sites and use their preservation as a motor for the development of regions that are often suffering from economic decline." Visitors will enjoy the thoroughness of the ERIH's website, which offers an "Industrial History" of Europe. The links on the left hand menu for "Route System", "Anchor Points", "Regional Routes" and "European Theme Routes" offer different ways for visitors to view the industrial revolution, whether by the types of products produced or the size of their contribution to the industrial revolution. Each section has a map associated with it as well. Finally, the "Photo Gallery" links to photos of many of the industrial sites on the above routes, so visitors can see the beauty and uniqueness of these factories that forever changed how various goods were made.

  3. INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATESHIP SCHEME Centre for Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research

    E-print Network

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    (1990) Advances in Precision Engineering (1992) Robotics: Its Appreciation and Adoption in India (1996) Refrigeration Industry (1994) Advances in Electrical Power Systems (1994) Photovoltaics for Terrestrial and Space Applications (1996) Plate Heat Exchangers: The New Wave (1996) Refrigeration under Cryogenic

  4. The U.S. Chemical Industry, Foreign Chemical Industries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1972

    1972-01-01

    This section of the annual report on the chemical industry provides data on the chemical production of Japan, West Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, and France, including the output of major chemical products in these nations. (PR)

  5. MUTAGENISTIC TESTING OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES FROM REPRESENTATIVE ORGANIC CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The general applicability of the Ames test for screening wastewater samples was investigated. Application of the Ames test to raw and treated wastewaters from representative organic chemical industries involved the investigation of several problems: (1) the feasibility of using t...

  6. Forging strategic partnerships with industry: The Industrial Fellows Program

    SciTech Connect

    Adams, K.; Castain, R.; Hynes, M.V.; Sanders, V.; Siemon, R.; Tellier, A.; Tiedman, A.; Umbarger, J.; Wilson, M.

    1995-04-01

    Science, technology, and industrial policy are at an important nexus due to long developing trends in the national and international economy and recent events in national security affairs. The research and development assets built by the American taxpayer in response to the Cold War face a quest for relevance in the new era. National competitiveness in international markets has emerged as an important new priority. To better understand the perspective of US industry the management of the Los Alamos National Laboratory has initiated an Industrial Fellows Program which has placed six individuals at US corporations. Their goal is to create strategic partnerships through increased understanding of technical needs of industry and the technical capabilities of the Laboratory.

  7. Industrial Symbiosis and the Greening of the Industry in the UK: The Case of the National Industrial Symbiosis Programme 

    E-print Network

    Albertini, Vivian

    2011-08-23

    Industrial Symbiosis is part of the emerging field of Industrial Ecology, a discipline that looks at natural ecosystems as models for the development of new industrial systems. As part of the recent efforts towards environmental sustainability, many...

  8. Technical change in US industry: A cross-industry analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nelson, R. R. (editor)

    1981-01-01

    The nature of the public policies which have influenced the pace and pattern of technical progress in a number of American industries is studied with the view of assessing the broad effects of these policies. The industries studied are agriculture, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, computers, civil aircraft, automobiles and residential construction. The policies considered include research and development funding as well as government procurement, education, information dissemination, patent protection, licensing, regulations, and anti-trust policies.

  9. Innovative New Industrial Technologies: An Industry/DOE Joint Endeavor

    E-print Network

    Gross, T. J.

    (Reference 4). According to Department of Commerce figures, 45% of our textiles machin ery is coming from overseas. In the food industry it's 30%, and in the steel industry it's 25% (Reference 5). The trends indicate the situation is rapidly worsening... sponsoring long-range work in amorphous metal lic coatings, including alloy definition, de position procedure and economic feasibility. In another project, alternative approaches to the dry application of textile chemicals are 494 under development...

  10. Ocean industry facts and forecasts

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-10-01

    Facts and forecasts relating to the offshore industry outlook are presented. Trends are discussed in geophysics, drilling, marine transportation, helicopters, shipyards, underwater work, platforms, mooring terminals, subsea completions, and pipeline construction. An optimistic forecast for all sectors of offshore industry is presented based on the growing demand for oil and gas supplies, record high prices, favorable political changes, available leases of offshore acres and concessions, the entrance of third world countries into the petroleum industry, and the possible yield of exploration in frontier areas.

  11. Industrial processes influenced by gravity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ostrach, Simon

    1988-01-01

    In considering new directions for low gravity research with particular regard to broadening the number and types of industrial involvements, it is noted that transport phenomena play a vital role in diverse processes in the chemical, pharmaceutical, food, and biotech industries. Relatively little attention has been given to the role of gravity in such processes. Accordingly, numerous industrial processes and phenomena are identified which involve gravity and/or surface tension forces. Phase separations and mixing are examples that will be significantly different in low gravity conditions. A basis is presented for expanding the scope of the low gravity research program and the potential benefits of such research is indicated.

  12. European Industrial Relations Observatory Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The European Industrial Relations Observatory Online (EIROnline) was developed by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, an autonomous body created by the European Community. The aim of the site is to "initiate, collect, store, disseminate and provide access to information and analysis on developments in industrial relations" in the 15 European Union member states and Norway. Visitors will find the latest industrial relations news and feature articles arranged by country. There is also a bimonthly publication called the EIRObserver summarizing the news and items over the past two months.

  13. ICT Industry and Employment Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This page, from the Mid-Pacific Information and Communications Technology Center, provides some general background information on the ICT industry and employment. The main purpose of this webpage is to highlight research undertaken by the Mid-Pacific ICT Center on the industry's role in the larger picture of employment in the United States. Links to 2009's Phase 1 Environmental Scan and 2010's ICT Industry and Employment outlook are included, along with information about a current study on the ICT employment and education framework.

  14. Industrial Assessment Center Program

    SciTech Connect

    Kolarik, William J.

    2007-02-26

    Over the five-year period (2002-2006) the Oklahoma State University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) performed energy assessments for 106 different clients, writing 835 recommendations, for a total of $23,937,099 in potential estimated annual savings. IAC clients served consisted of small and medium-sized manufacturers ranging from food manufactures to foundries. The OSU IAC served clients in Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas. In addition to client service, student training and instruction was a major accomplishment. The OSU IAC employed (and trained) 12 baccalaureate-level students, 17 masters-level graduate students, and 7 doctoral-level graduate students. Most are practicing in the energy management area. Training was focused on both energy assessment and safety. Safety training was both center-based training as well as on-site training. Energy management related training was focused on classroom (for academic credit) work at both the undergraduate and graduate level. IEM 4923 (Energy and Water Management) was developed to serve both the IAC as well as non-IAC students. It was delivered once per year, with enrollments of typically 10 to 20 students. This course was required for IAC student employees, both undergraduate and graduate. This course was patterned after the AEE CEM (five-day) course for practicing professionals. IEM 4923 required each student to attend at least one on-site assessment and write at least one recommendation for their client’s report. Hence, a hands-on approach was practiced. Advance level courses were used to train graduate students. Two courses played major roles here: IEM 5923 (Advanced Energy and Water Management) and IEM 5943 (Hazardous Material and Waste). Graduate student participation in these courses helped the IAC to gain additional perspectives in on-site assessment and resulting recommendations. Numerous hands-on demonstration/training was conducted by directors and graduate students in order to gain proficiency in using the combustion analyzer, IR camera, logging equipment, light metering equipment, and other equipment. Instruction included usage and basic maintenance. While undergraduate students worked with the coursework and on-the-job training, graduate students were expected to do more. A typical MS student was required to complete a 3-hour independent study in some interesting facet of energy management under the supervision of a director. PhD students were expected to complete from three to six hours of independent study work in the energy management field, as well as center their dissertation research in the general area of energy/productivity/quality management. During the project period, two PhDs were completed, with several more near completion.

  15. 5 CFR 532.311 - Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. 532.311 Section 532.311 Administrative... § 532.311 Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. If it...

  16. 5 CFR 532.311 - Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. 532.311 Section 532.311 Administrative... § 532.311 Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. If it...

  17. 5 CFR 532.311 - Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. 532.311 Section 532.311 Administrative... § 532.311 Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. If it...

  18. 5 CFR 532.311 - Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. 532.311 Section 532.311 Administrative... § 532.311 Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. If it...

  19. 5 CFR 532.311 - Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. 532.311 Section 532.311 Administrative... § 532.311 Survey of specialized private industry related to a dominant industry. If it...

  20. FINLAND SOURCES 2007 -Forest industry production Authorities

    E-print Network

    FINLAND SOURCES 2007 - Forest industry production Print Home Finland Government Authorities Local administration Federations, organizations Company outlooks Industry » Overview » Forest industry production.1 million tons of paper and paperboard in 2006, which was more than ever before. Chemical and mechanical

  1. 5 CFR 532.303 - Specialized industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Specialized industry. 532.303 Section 532.303...Positions § 532.303 Specialized industry. (a)(1) Under the appropriated fund wage system, a “specialized industry” is a Federal activity...

  2. 5 CFR 532.303 - Specialized industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Specialized industry. 532.303 Section 532.303...Positions § 532.303 Specialized industry. (a)(1) Under the appropriated fund wage system, a “specialized industry” is a Federal activity...

  3. Successful Institutional-Industry Collaborations: Resources and

    E-print Network

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    Successful Institutional-Industry Collaborations: Resources and Information for Researchers Campus #12;Learning objective #12;University-Industry Demonstration Partnership The UIDP for university-industry partnerships in the U.S. Northwestern University is a member institution #12;Researcher

  4. 5 CFR 532.303 - Specialized industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Specialized industry. 532.303 Section 532.303...Positions § 532.303 Specialized industry. (a)(1) Under the appropriated fund wage system, a “specialized industry” is a Federal activity...

  5. 5 CFR 532.303 - Specialized industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Specialized industry. 532.303 Section 532.303...Positions § 532.303 Specialized industry. (a)(1) Under the appropriated fund wage system, a “specialized industry” is a Federal activity...

  6. 5 CFR 532.303 - Specialized industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Specialized industry. 532.303 Section 532.303...Positions § 532.303 Specialized industry. (a)(1) Under the appropriated fund wage system, a “specialized industry” is a Federal activity...

  7. Industrial Use of Infrared Inspections 

    E-print Network

    Duch, A. A.

    1979-01-01

    Infrared is and has been an established technology in the military and aerospace fields. However, only relatively recently has this technology found a "use" in the industrial sector. Many reasons exist why the technology has not been used...

  8. Interviewing in Industry vs. Academia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Richard Klabunde (Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine)

    2006-04-07

    From the EB 2006 Careers Symposium - Navigating the Interview: How to Make it Work for You a recorded presentation on how the different cultures of academia and industry influence the interview process.

  9. Interviewing in Industry vs. Academia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Richard Klabunde (Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine)

    2006-04-07

    From the EB 2006 Careers Symposium - Navigating the Interview: How to Make it Work for You a powerpoint presentation file on how the different cultures of academia and industry influence the interview process.

  10. Accountability of the pharmaceutical industry.

    PubMed

    Dukes, M N Graham

    2002-11-23

    The pharmaceutical industry is accountable on the one hand to its shareholders and on the other to the community at large. These two obligations can, in principle, be met. However, the industry has developed practices that do not consider society, including excessive or inappropriate pricing of drugs, an indifference to the needs and limitations of the developing world, an imbalance between true innovation and promotional activity, interference with clinical investigations, and efforts to mould medical thinking and priorities as a means to enlarge the market. In such respects, the pharmaceutical industry must now be called to order. The industry has shown itself to be sufficiently resilient to adapt to change if society insists on it. However, to influence multinational corporations effectively, the efforts of governments will have to be complemented by others, notably the many voluntary organisations that have shown they can effectively represent society's public-health interests. PMID:12457804

  11. The Printing Industry Presses on.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutshall, Sandy

    2002-01-01

    The printing and graphic arts industry has been transformed, not replaced, by new technologies. The coming decades hold challenging opportunities for those entering the field of graphic communications and for those educating this new work force. (JOW)

  12. Collaboration With the Pharmaceutical Industry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Stephen A Douglas (GlaxoSmithKline)

    2007-04-07

    A powerpoint presentation file from the EB 2007 Careers Symposium - Guide for Successful Collaboration: From the Handshake to the Collaborative Research Agreement a presentation on the why, what, and how of industry collaborations.

  13. Collaboration With the Pharmaceutical Industry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Stephen A Douglas (GlaxoSmithKline)

    2007-04-07

    A recorded presentation from the EB 2007 Careers Symposium - Guide for Successful Collaboration: From the Handshake to the Collaborative Research Agreement a presentation on the why, what, and how of industry collaborations.

  14. Nanomedicine: Industry-wise research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Eaton

    2007-01-01

    Academic participation in nanomedicine research is welcomed by European industries. The recipe for success may or may not include creativity, but it will certainly require awareness of drug development and approval processes.

  15. OXIDATIVE TREATMENT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER

    EPA Science Inventory

    This paper defines industrial waste treatment process as falling into categories of oxidative destruction, reductive destruction, and non-destructive, separation operations. The various oxidative approaches, including biological, chemical and thermal methods, are then discussed i...

  16. The steam engine and industrialization

    E-print Network

    Dugan, David

    2004-08-17

    Simon Schaffer in York Rail Museum talks to the camera about the relationship between the steam engine and industrialization and whatsteam meant; a regular supply of moving power for workshops and factories....

  17. Outlook for Industrial Energy Benchmarking

    E-print Network

    Hartley, Z.

    OUTLOOK FOR INDUSTRIAL ENERGY BENCHMARKING Zoe Hartley Environmental Protection Specialist U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, DC ABSTRACT The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is exploring options to sponsor an ~d~ ~~gy...

  18. Florida Citrus Industry Oral Histories

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    What's so special about oranges? They are a major cash crop for Florida and other warm weather places, and this fascinating oral history project from the University of South Florida (USF) explores the very nature of this industry. Working together with the USF's Patel Center for Global Studies, oral historian William Mansfield conducted 20 interviews regarding the impact of globalization on the Florida citrus industry. Visitors can listen to or read the interviews, as well as look over the online exhibition, "Selling Sunshine: Florida's Citrus Industry." The exhibition details Florida's unique relationship with the citrus industry, incorporating documents, promotional material, and post cards with its information. The website hosts a remarkable collection that will be of interest to oral historians, folks with an interest in Florida, and many others.

  19. Limiting Reactants: Industrial Case Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dave Blackburn

    An exercise in which students apply limiting reactants, mass ratios and percent yields to suggest an optimum industrial process. Cost figures are provided but students are told to come up with, and defend, their own criteria for their recommendation.

  20. CFD Application in Automotive Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Kobayashi; M. Tsubokura

    With the growing interest in environmental issues, the automotive industry is required to implement a range of measures such\\u000a as increasing fuel efficiency or decreasing pollutants from exhaust gases. It is no doubt that CFD is an encouraging technology\\u000a to develop an innovative idea by providing valuable data which conventional experimental methods can not measure. Compared\\u000a with other industries, the

  1. Electrotechnologies and Industrial Pollution Control

    E-print Network

    Schmidt, P. S.

    production base and are also traditionally somf of the most serious polluters. Table 1 lists a number of The role of electrotechnologies in the control of electrotechnologies with environmental implicat~ons emissions and effluents from industrial processes...-metal content, and nonferrfms industrial efficiency and productivity has been cited in reverb melting furnaces produce high percentage~ of a number of publications [1-4]; these benefits continue metal oxides. These pollutants are greatly reduced in to drive...

  2. Tutorial on Industrial Noise Control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gerges, Samir N. Y.; Tinianov, Brandon

    2002-11-01

    This tutorial is intended to provide a practical overview of applied acoustics and industrial noise control, including the fundamentals of applied acoustics, industrial noise control and case histories. The following topics will be covered: Sound radiation, sound transmission, outdoor sound propagation and indoor sound fields, sound absorption materials, machinery noise and its control (fans, motors, compressors, air jets, pneumatic tools) and the design of sound enclosures.

  3. Industrial Restructuring and Regional Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Colin Wren; Jim Taylor

    1999-01-01

    The paper examines the changing regional specialization of U.K. employment over the period 1971-94, analyzing the extent to which U.K. regional policy has altered the industrial structure of the Assisted Area regions, making them less vulnerable to economic change. All regional economies are found to have become more specialized, but industry has become less geographically concentrated leading to a convergence

  4. The changing electric utility industry

    SciTech Connect

    Wharton, J.B. [Brattel Group, Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Opinions are presented regarding deregulation of the electricity market. A review of restructing in the U.S. natural gas and United Kingdom electric power industry is presented. Restructuring of the U.S. electric industry is analyzed with regard to changing relations between utilities, changing relations among a utility`s subsidiaries, and changing relationships between supplier and customer. The key issues impeding restructuring are identified as stranded cost recovery and forced divestiture.

  5. Centre for Business History to study development of industrial gases industry

    E-print Network

    Guo, Zaoyang

    Centre for Business History to study development of industrial gases industry Issued: Fri, 31 Aug international industrial gases industry. The economic and technological impact of the industry cannot the industry its due recognition. Professor Ray Stokes, Director of Centre for Business History will examine

  6. 1994 Nuclear Industry Conference review

    SciTech Connect

    Hammons, T.J. [Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)

    1995-03-01

    The 1994 Nuclear Industry Conference, held in London United Kingdom, September 14--15, 1994, was the first serious nuclear energy conference to take place for more than 12 years. It had a challenging agenda, no less than whether the industry would sustain its role into the twenty-fist century. The conference focused on the world`s nuclear industry, which is in a crucial period of development, with few new reactors being built in Western Europe and none in the US. Attention in the industry is moving eastward to the troubled legacy of eastern Europe and to the dynamic new markets of the Far East. The immediate future of the reactor builders lies in these regions, for without new orders, the industry will decline. At the same time, the industry faces challenges at home. The end of the Cold War has brought a new appraisal of the fuel cycle, the ever-present dangers of proliferation, and the problems of long-term waste-disposal and decommissioning remain. New challenges include the role for nuclear energy as privatization of power utilities and liberalization of electricity markets takes place. Whether short-term market trends will dominate new orders for power plants or whether supply security considerations count was also discussed.

  7. Industry Raps OSHA's Proposed Cancer Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

    1978-01-01

    Presents the response of the American Industrial Health Council (AIHC) to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) genetic proposal for regulating chemical carcinogens in industry. (HM)

  8. 75 FR 28297 - Rexnord Industries, LLC Industrial Chain and Conveyor Division Including On-Site Leased Workers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-20

    ...OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-71,118] Rexnord Industries, LLC Industrial Chain...to workers of Rexnord Industries, LLC, Industrial Chain...all workers of Rexnord Industries, LLC, Industrial...

  9. Government, Higher Education and the Industrial Ethic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tasker, Mary; Packham, David

    This paper argues that the values of industry and higher education are incompatible and that imposition of industrial values on universities must necessarily destroy traditional academic values. Any dialogue between industry and higher education must grapple with this value conflict. The industrial ethic is based on unlimited growth, exploitation…

  10. Quality of effluents from Hattar Industrial Estate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Of 6634 registered industries in Pakistan, 1228 are considered to be highly polluting. The major industries include textile, pharmaceutical, chemicals (organic and inorganic), food industries, ceramics, steel, oil mills and leather tanning which spread all over four provinces, with the larger number located in Sindh and Punjab, with smaller number in North Western Frontier Province (NWFP) and Baluchistan. Hattar Industrial

  11. Contemporary Concepts in Trade and Industrial Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaefer, Carl, Ed.

    Included in this report are the presentations made at a 4-day national conference regarding the role of trade and industrial education in meeting the nation's manpower needs. More than 175 leaders heard the following speeches: (1) "The Role of Trade and Industrial Education" by Michael Russo, (2) "Industry's Concepts of Trade and Industrial

  12. Concurrent Engineering in the Construction Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter E. D. Love; A. Gunasekaran

    1997-01-01

    The construction industry has been suffering from low productivity and poor performance In an attempt to improve its performance, industry practitioners and researchers have looked at the manufacturing industry as a point of reference and a source of innovation Conse quently, the industry has acquired and adapted the Concurrent Engineering (CE) approach to manufacturing, to construction Concurrent Con struction (CC)

  13. Industrial restructuring and international competition in Taiwan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C-L Tsay

    1993-01-01

    In this paper trends and varying types of industrial restructuring in Taiwan are examined as the island continues to lose comparative advantage in international markets. Based on some official statistics, triggers of industrial restructuring are explored and the corporate strategies of industries are identified. There is evidence of specific triggers of industrial restructuring which include shortage of labor, rising domestic

  14. Harnessing university research for competitiveness, industry support

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. T. Chen

    1990-01-01

    The effects of changes in the industrial R&D climate on research performed at universities in both the East and West are examined. The approaches to using university research for industrial problems taken by SRC, a nonprofit industry consortium based in Research Triangle Park, NC, by the National Science Foundation, and by other university-industry collaborations are described. In Europe, Great Britain

  15. Measuring performance of the Malaysian construction industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toong Khuan Chan

    2009-01-01

    A systematic measurement framework for the Malaysian construction industry is essential to enable the industry to monitor its progress towards achieving the goals set out in the Construction Industry Master Plan 2006–15. The objectives were to develop a comprehensive set of performance measures for the construction industry, to compute these measures for the 2006 base year and to benchmark the

  16. Pollution Indicators in Gaborone Industrial Effluent

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Emongor; E. Nkegbe; B. Kealotswe; I. Koorapetse; S. Sankwasa; S. Keikanetswe

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine pollution indicators in and around Gaborone industrial effluent, generate relevant baseline information on industrial effluents; and determine the major sources of industrial pollution in Gaborone, Botswana. The results of the study showed that effluent quality discharged by the four different industry types in Gaborone, Botswana, differed significantly. Brewery, chemical, paints, food and

  17. Industriology--The Science of Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Univ., Platteville. Coll. of Industry.

    This overview of an industrial arts curriculum project, resulting from comprehensive studies of industry by the staff and graduate students of the College of Industry at Wisconsin State University through federally funded institutional grants and fellowship programs, focuses on "industriology"--the science of industry. Intended to update and…

  18. Agricultural productivity and industrialization: A reformulation

    E-print Network

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Agricultural productivity and industrialization: A reformulation Debasis Mondal Sept 20, 2014 Abstract In this paper we examine the role of agricultural productivity on the process of industrialization industrialization by releasing labor from agriculture to industry. In fact, when agriculture is highly productive

  19. Industrial applications of electron accelerators

    E-print Network

    Cleland, M R

    2006-01-01

    This paper addresses the industrial applications of electron accelerators for modifying the physical, chemical or biological properties of materials and commercial products by treatment with ionizing radiation. Many beneficial effects can be obtained with these methods, which are known as radiation processing. The earliest practical applications occurred during the 1950s, and the business of radiation processing has been expanding since that time. The most prevalent applications are the modification of many different plastic and rubber products and the sterilization of single-use medical devices. Emerging applications are the pasteurization and preservation of foods and the treatment of toxic industrial wastes. Industrial accelerators can now provide electron energies greater than 10 MeV and average beam powers as high as 700 kW. The availability of high-energy, high-power electron beams is stimulating interest in the use of X-rays (bremsstrahlung) as an alternative to gamma rays from radioactive nuclides.

  20. DOE, industry map research agenda

    SciTech Connect

    Fairley, P.

    1997-03-05

    The Department of Energy (DOE) signed a memorandum of understanding last week with five chemical trade groups to coordinate research in areas identified as critical to the industry`s competitiveness in the recent report Vision 2020 (CW, December 18/25, 1996, p. 37). Vision 2020 is a joint report of chemical trade and engineering groups outlining emerging technology needs. It details research opportunities in chemical sciences and engineering technology, supply chain management, information systems, and manufacturing and operations. The memo outlines a framework for selecting projects from among those areas where DOE will collaborate with the industry. CMA, the American Chemical Society, and the Council for Chemical Research (Washington) are among the signatories.

  1. Industry liaison section implementation plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lakowske, Stephen

    1990-01-01

    The Industry Liaison Section is a new function of the Army/NASA Aircrew-Aircraft Integration (AAAI) Program that is intended to bridge an existing gap between Government developers (including contractors) and outside organizations who are potential users of products and services developed by the AAAI Program. Currently in its sixth year, the Program is experiencing considerable pull from industry and other government organizations to disseminate products. Since the AAAI Program's charter is exploratory and research in nature, and satisfying proper dissemination requirements is in conflict with the rapid prototyping approach utilized by the design team, the AAAI Program has elected to create an Industry Liaison Section (ILS) to serve as the Program's technology transfer focal point. The process by which the ILS may be established, organized and managed is described, including the baseline organizational structure, duties, functions, authority, responsibilities, relations and policies and procedures relevant to the conduct of the ILS.

  2. An Outline of the Chongqing Construction Industry for Housing Industrialization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pan Yuhong; Shao Huilin

    2009-01-01

    Chongqing is the key city in Western China. In the midst of China's economic development and its western development, Chongqing plays an important and strategic role. Currently, the housing market is very active, but problems exist with Chongqing's housing industry, including a lack of new design concepts, primitive technology, low management level, lack of new materials and production methods, and

  3. MIT and Financial & Banking Industries MIT Industry Brief

    E-print Network

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    banks. It finances policy-relevant research by students and junior faculty in the department, and students working on international finance and macroeconomics policy issues. COMPUTATION, ANALYSIS, MODELING and Financial & Banking Industries architecture, data management, machine learning, privacy and security, user

  4. Office of Industry Research and Technology Programs Greetings to Industry

    E-print Network

    Ginzel, Matthew

    center has expertise in a variety of areas and is looking for additional partners/members. The Hoosier a few industry partners and are looking for more. This issue's featured faculty is Professor Gary Cheng recent work includes high speed laser crystallization of thin film solar cells, laser dynamic forming

  5. Industrial Electronics Curriculum Guide. Michigan Trade and Industrial Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

    This task-based curriculum guide for industrial electronics is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a career ladder, a matrix relating duty/task numbers to job titles, and a task list. Each task…

  6. Industry turns its attention south

    SciTech Connect

    Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

  7. Location logistics of industrial facilities

    E-print Network

    Hammack, William Eugene

    1981-01-01

    of Industrial Facilities. (August 1981) William Eugene Hammack, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James K. Hennigan The research for this tesis consisted of a compilation of per- t1nent data deal1ng with 1ndustrial facil1t1es... location and site selection. This data was gathered through library research, atten- dance of various industr1al development conferences, sol1citation of mater1als from individuals currently involved with industrial facil1ties location, and various...

  8. Coal conversion products industrial applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunkin, J. H.; Warren, D.

    1980-01-01

    Coal-based synthetic fuels complexes under development consideration by NASA/MSFC will produce large quantities of synthetic fuels, primarily medium BTU gas, which could be sold commercially to industries located in South Central Tennessee and Northern Alabama. The complexes would be modular in construction, and subsequent modules may produce liquid fuels or fuels for electric power production. Current and projected industries in the two states which have a propensity for utilizing coal-based synthetic fuels were identified, and a data base was compiled to support MFSC activities.

  9. Location logistics of industrial facilities 

    E-print Network

    Hammack, William Eugene

    1981-01-01

    of Industrial Facilities. (August 1981) William Eugene Hammack, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James K. Hennigan The research for this tesis consisted of a compilation of per- t1nent data deal1ng with 1ndustrial facil1t1es... location and site selection. This data was gathered through library research, atten- dance of various industr1al development conferences, sol1citation of mater1als from individuals currently involved with industrial facil1ties location, and various...

  10. Transformation and Muddling Through Industrial Relations and Industrial Training in the UK

    E-print Network

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Transformation and Muddling Through Industrial Relations and Industrial Training in the UK SKOPE two related institutional domains, industrial relations and industrial training, in the UK than these years and are still not fully unfolded in the industrial training area. Throughout, change

  11. Industrial restructuring, labour, and locality: the case of the British pottery industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R F Imrie

    1989-01-01

    In this paper a case study of industrial restructuring in the pottery industry is presented as an illustration of wider changes in industrial organisation in the early 1980s. The background to crisis and restructuring in the pottery industry is considered, and some of the contradictory elements in the new model of production that now characterises the industry are outlined. In

  12. The Coronary Patient in Industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schuster, B.

    1971-01-01

    The coronary patient, as he pertains to industry particularly NASA, is discussed. Concepts of precoronary care, acute attacks which may develop while on the job, and the return of the cardiac patient to work are covered. Major emphasis was on the prevention of sudden death due to coronary disease.

  13. INDUSTRIAL OILS FROM TRANSGENIC PLANTS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Unusual fatty acids with useful industrial properties occur widely in seed oils of many non-agronomic plant species. Numerous biotechnological efforts have been undertaken to produce high levels of these fatty acids in seeds of existing crop plants. cDNAs for a wide variety of unusual fatty acid b...

  14. Oklahoma Industrial Energy Management Program

    E-print Network

    Turner, W. C.; Estes, C. B.

    1982-01-01

    In Oklahoma, industry consumes about 35% of the total energy consumed. While it is true that much work has been done in the larger companies, most small to medium sized companies have yet to undertake a substantial energy management program. Often...

  15. Korean telecommunication industry in transition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dong-wan Tcha; June S. Park; Suk-gwon Chang; Kwan Ho Song

    2000-01-01

    This paper, as a preface to this special issue, gives an overview of recent developments in Korean telecommunication market and industry. It provides background information that is helpful for understanding the motivations behind research papers contained in this issue. In particular, we discuss the transition of the market structure from monopoly to deregulated competition, the activities in telecommunications R&D, and

  16. How utilizes can revitalize industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. De Vaul; C. Bartsch

    1993-01-01

    During the first weeks of his presidency, Bill Clinton asserted that the nation`s industries must modernize if Americans are to enjoy a rising standard of living. He noted that inadequate knowledge about new production technologies and inadequate capital for plant improvements were making it hard for manufacturers, particularly small and midsized firms, to improve their productivity and economic competitiveness. And

  17. Report to Industry 2004 - 2006

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roger Mann; David A. Evans; David Bushek; Donnia Richardson; M. Yvonne Bobo; Loren D. Coen; Melissa Southworth; Juliana M. Harding; James Wesson

    This publication is offered to members of the US commercial shellfish harvesting and aquaculture industry to inform them of work which has been published or presented in the National Shellfisheries Association's Journal of Shellfish Research or at the Annual Meeting either as a formal talk or as a poster. These items have been selected because they may have the most

  18. Handbook for Monitoring Industrial Wastewater.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Associated Water & Air Resources Engineers, Inc., Nashville, TN.

    This manual for industrial wastewater monitoring covers the philosophy of monitoring needs, planning, sampling, measuring, and analysis. Sufficient detail is given for those who wish to explore more deeply some of the practical and theoretical aspects of any of the phases of a monitoring program. A logical procedure is suggested and direction…

  19. Market for industrial excimer lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaal, Gerard J.

    1991-03-01

    I have to thank Industrial Laser Review for the invitation to update you on the exciiner laser market. Two years ago Lindsay Austin has given some examples of applications of use of industrial excimer laser in particular. I'm not going to repeat that because you can find them in the SPIE's proceedings of the last industrial laser market seniinar. As mentioned before this afternoon we have hardly heard anything about excimer lasers. It was only after until the presentation of Jim Rutt where he explicitly mentioned excimer lasers that triggered a few questions about excimer lasers. And one of the reasons for that is that it gets lost in the noise of the statistics and the uncertainties that we have heard this afternoon, and if I take then the exciraer figures they hardly play a role. If I compare, for instance, that I have heard something like 1000 CO2 and YAG laser units sold in the U.S. in 1990, then you can intagine that when we talk about industrial excirner lasers which are in the order of 80, less than 100, you're completely in the noise of the other figures.

  20. Job Prospects for Industrial Engineers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basta, Nicholas

    1985-01-01

    Recent economic growth and improved manufacturing profitability are supporting increased employment for industrial engineers. Promising areas include modernizing manufacturing technology and productivity with large amounts of hiring in aerospace, electronics, and instrumentation. Percentages of women employed in these fields for 1982 and 1983 are…

  1. Environmental Effects of Industrial Farming

    E-print Network

    Budker, Dmitry

    ·Water contamination ·Soil contamination ·Solutions #12;US Meat Industry Animals (2009) kg produced (2009 ·Salmonella and E. Coli outbreaks #12;#12;Soil contamination #12;Soil contamination ·Manure used as fertilizer #12;Soil contamination ·Manure used as fertilizer ·Mineral imbalanced #12;Soil contamination ·Manure

  2. Pennsylvania Industrial Arts Safety Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoudt, John Y., Ed.; And Others

    Safety education information is provided in this guide designed for Pennsylvania industrial arts teachers. Twelve sections and section topics include the following: introduction (policy statement on safety); responsibility (school board and superintendent, principal and/or department head, the teacher); emergency action (primary concerns,…

  3. Bibliography for the Hospitality Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Elizabeth A.

    This annotated bibliography is a sample collection of reference materials in the hospitality industry suitable for a small academic library. It is assumed that the library has a general reference collection. Publication dates range from 1992-96, with two publication dates in the 1980s. No periodicals are included. The 41 reference materials are…

  4. INDUSTRIAL REUSE OF URBAN STORMWATER

    EPA Science Inventory

    As population and industry grow, water demand increases, and water supply becomes more of a problem. It has been estimated that the total gross water intake for all purposes in the United States will exceed the total available water supply of 650 billion gal/day (2.5 billion cu m...

  5. 900 Numbers: A Controversial Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galvez, Nancy D.

    1992-01-01

    Pay-per-call telephone services through 900 numbers have given rise to criticism of their content and complaints of consumer fraud. The Federal Communications Commission, legislative initiatives, industry self-regulation, and consumer educators are attempting to protect consumers. (SK)

  6. Standards for a nonstandard industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1994-01-01

    This paper will address recent efforts by the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop standards related to physical security. Physical security is a nonstandardized industry, with standards only beginning to be developed. Even where there are security standards, few means of product and system certification exist; compare this to safety where an Underwriters` Laboratories (UL) certification mark is considered a

  7. Using Metrics in Industrial Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bame, E. Allen

    This metric supplement is intended as a guide to aid the industrial arts teacher in incorporating metrics in the classroom. A list of student objectives for measurement skills is followed by an overview of the history of measurement, an argument for change to the metric system in the United States, and a discussion of metric basics (common terms).…

  8. Recruitment Strategies for New Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scudder, Joseph N.; Rettig, Lance S.

    1989-01-01

    Compares the communication strategies of small communities having successful industry recruitment programs with small communities having unsuccessful recruitment programs. Finds that the existence of a marketing program positively relates to recruitment success, and that direct mail with brochures and personal contact were the most common…

  9. Legal Issues for Industrial Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gathercoal, Forrest; Stern, Sam

    This book is designed to help industrial educators develop a basis for making decisions based on sound legal and ethical considerations--decisions related to students, colleagues, equipment, and money. The issues also concern administrators, advisory-committee members, risk managers, insurance representatives, and attorneys who work with…

  10. Berlin's Creative Industries: Governing Creativity?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bastian Lange; Ares Kalandides; Birgit Stöber; H. A. Mieg

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims at discussing the issue of governing creativity exemplifying the case of Berlin. Berlin has a fast growing creative industry that has become the object of the city's development policies and place marketing. The core question is: What are the spatial?organizational driving forces of creativity in Berlin—can they be steered by public administration? The point of departure of

  11. Industrial Mathematics and Inverse Problems

    E-print Network

    Fulmek, Markus

    #12;The Industrial Mathematics Structure in Linz 5 #12;The Blast Furnace Process 6 #12;Aims and thermal wear, the wall at the hearth is (slowly) washed out danger of breakthrough. Question: Can one infer the thickness of the wall from thermal measurements outside? Inverse problem; other inverse

  12. Industrial Ecology Master of Science

    E-print Network

    Langendoen, Koen

    Systems · Fundamentals of Systems · Analytical Methodologies and Tools · Life Cycle Assessment (LCA good life" for 9 billion people in 2050. Industrial Ecology alumni are ready to take a leading role and Infrastructures · Sustainable Innovation and Social Change · Backcasting · Design of Sustainable Technological

  13. Applying the PSP in Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maurizio Morisio

    2000-01-01

    The Personal Software Process is designed for engineers working in isolated settings. The author describes a case study where he introduced the PSP in an industrial environment and that effort raised the issues of: training form and duration, resistance to change, independence and dependence between the single programmer and his or her team, overhead in data collection and tool support,

  14. Industry and Schools as Partners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutietta, Robert A.

    1997-01-01

    Describes the Grammy in the Schools project that is a joint effort by the National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences (NARAS) Foundation, Discover Card, and 15 major universities across the country. Expounds that music students are able to learn about a variety of career opportunities available in the music industry. (CMK)

  15. Network diagnostics for industrial Ethernet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oliver Kleineberg; Max Felser

    2008-01-01

    Industrial networks used to control production machinery require high availability to keep possible productivity losses to a minimum. The challenges to overcome are how we are to acquire the needed device information - also with a possible network error already in place - and how to process and pass on this information in order for errors to be quickly fixed.

  16. Conservation and the industry sector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The following six highly energy intensive industries were studied as targets of energy conservation opportunity: food and kindred products, paper and allied products, chemicals and allied products, petroleum and coal products, stone, glass and clay products, and primary manufacturing. After studying conservation actions within each industry the actions were grouped under three broad categories: increased combustion efficiency, process improvement, and good housekeeping. Some of the results were: (1) approximately 2.18 quads could be saved in 1980 and 2.57 quads in 1985 by installing cogenerative facilities in 50% of the industries, (2) regenerative air-preheaters could result in a 10-15% increase in furnace efficiency representing a 15-25% fuel savings (2.3 to 3.9 quads in 1980 and 2.7 to 4.5 quads in 1985), (3) several major industries have potential for energy savings by recycling-aluminum (0.2 quads), steel (1 quad), glass (0.006 quads), paper and cement (0.08 quads).

  17. Fieldbus Technology and Industrial Automation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-pierre Thomesse

    2005-01-01

    All automation systems are now based on fieldbuses. The solutions are numerous due to the number of fieldbuses, which are in turn due to the variety of applications. This paper traces fieldbus technology from its beginnings, which go back to the first industrial networks in the 1970's. It analyzes the fieldbus requirements, in terms of functions (or services) and of

  18. Fieldbus Technology in Industrial Automation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JEAN-PIERRE THOMESSE

    2005-01-01

    Fieldbus technology in industrial automation is not only relatively complex because of the number of solutions possible, but also, and above all, because of the variety of applications. Ironically, these in turn are responsible for the multitude of solutions available. If the analysis of the basic needs is relatively standard, as they will always involve connecting sensors, actuators, and field

  19. Redundancy Ethernet in industrial automation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Hansen

    2005-01-01

    This article summarizes the requirements for communication redundancy in the different market sectors for industrial automation. It reviews the different solutions for using standard Ethernet to fulfill requirements and proposes more special extensions to Ethernet to obtain this. The path forward is sketched. Focus is on ideas and concerns that must be taken when the standardization work of IEC in

  20. Program Budgeting for Industrial Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gramberg, Merlyn Ludwig

    In recognition of the increasing concern for the expenditure of tax dollars and the resulting need for accountability in budgeting, this study provides a model for program budgeting at the collegiate level in industrial education. Course outlines for drafting and woodworking at the University of Northern Colorado were analyzed and activities were…

  1. University-Industry Research Collaborations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duke, Charles

    2000-03-01

    University-industry research collaborations take many forms. Perhaps the simplest is unsponsored one-on-one collaborations between individuals. A more formal but less intimate arrangement is industrial sponsorship of individual or collective work on campus, e.g., via an outright gift or membership in an industrial affiliates consortium. A more intimate institutional collaboration is a mutually sanctioned joint project, sponsored by either a governmental funding agency or an industrial entity, the terms and conditions of which (funds flows, reports, intellectual property ownership, etc.) are governed by formal arrangements. Partnerships, e.g., support of an on-campus joint venture funded in part by one or more firms and in part by a third party, are the most intimate and complex form of such collaborations. During the past two decades Xerox has engaged in all four forms of collaborations. I give examples of each, and indicate the attributes which distinguish the more successful from the less successful collaborations, as well as recent trends in their nature and purposes.

  2. Collaboration: Creativity, Industry and Politics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shane Homan

    2011-01-01

    Collaboration has been at the heart of music practice for centuries. In June 2009, academics, musicians, music journalists and students discussed issues relating to music collaboration at a conference convened by the Social Aesthetics Research Unit at Monash University. Examining the themes of the contributors to this special issue, the artistic, political and industrial contexts of collaboration are explored across

  3. METHANE EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL SOURCES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The chapter identifies and describes major industrial sources of methane (CH4) emissions. or each source type examined, it identifies CH4 release points and discusses in detail the factors affecting emissions. t also summarizes and discusses available global and country-specific ...

  4. Industrial Arts in Pennsylvania: Guidelines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Bureau of Curriculum Services.

    Intended to facilitate the improvement of industrial arts education in Pennsylvania, the guidelines for planning and development emphasize an interdisciplinary approach. They are aimed at professional personnel and are divided into general provisions which are applied (with changes in specific content where appropriate) to elementary, middle…

  5. Indonesia's Industrial Transformation Part I

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hal Hill

    1990-01-01

    It is now possible to obtain a fairly complete picture of Indonesian industril development, based on the 1986 Economic Census and subsequent Updates, the mcorporation of the huge oil and gas sector, and die earlier industrial data base. The picture is one of dramatic growth and transformation since the late 1960s when Indonesia was one of the least industrialised countries

  6. When Research Criticizes an Industry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenstyk, Goldie

    2007-01-01

    When Robert W. Van Kirk released a study in January about selenium contamination in trout streams in southeastern Idaho, he expected some flak from the influential phosphate-mining industry. He did not expect to feel pressured by the administration of his own institution, Idaho State University, where he is an associate professor of mathematics.…

  7. Industrial Art: Mission to Meaning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilhelm, Mike

    2009-01-01

    This is a story about industrial art. It is certainly not a story about smart studios and fashionable galleries, subtle techniques and aesthetic beauty. This is a story of sheet rock, nails, and low-grade lumber in the hands of unskilled teenage laborers. While this story boasts of no future museum pieces, it tells a heartwarming story of rare…

  8. Company and Industry Research guide

    E-print Network

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    these positions? What type of company ­ publicly traded, privately held, non-profit, etc.? Is the company partCompany and Industry Research guide career.uh.edu 713-743-5100 ucs@uh.edu #12;July 2013 University are going away, company buyouts, changing technology, along with other factors. In an age of downsizing

  9. 1992 Canadian oil industry directory

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, J.

    1992-01-01

    This book lists address, phone, fax, and personnel of companies active in the Canadian petroleum industry. It includes E and P, drilling, oilfield service, supply, manufacturing, and engineering companies, associations, and government agencies. It also describes activities, provides branch office and subsidiary information and company personnel indices.indices.

  10. Academia-Industry Training Programme

    E-print Network

    Laemmli, Ulrich

    Academia-Industry Training Programme Discover the market potential of your high-level research 2014 Open to 15 selected researchers with the potential to transform their research into market-level applied research into market applica- tion and discovering their entrepreneurial potential. By connecting

  11. One Industrial Point of View

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comstock, R. W.

    1970-01-01

    Suggests that environmental problems cannot be solved by science alone, because political, social and economic agencies are all involved. The need for broader perspectives and for forums involving government, industry, and the generalpublic is stressed. The role of one electrical company in the environmental education program is presented. (LC)

  12. Can industry afford solar energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kreith, F.; Bezdek, R.

    1983-03-01

    Falling oil prices and conservation measures have reduced the economic impetus to develop new energy sources, thus decreasing the urgency for bringing solar conversion technologies to commercial readiness at an early date. However, the capability for solar to deliver thermal energy for industrial uses is proven. A year-round operation would be three times as effective as home heating, which is necessary only part of the year. Flat plate, parabolic trough, and solar tower power plant demonstration projects, though uneconomically operated, have revealed engineering factors necessary for successful use of solar-derived heat for industrial applications. Areas of concern have been categorized as technology comparisons, load temperatures, plant size, location, end-use, backup requirements, and storage costs. Tax incentives have, however, supported home heating and not industrial uses, and government subsidies have historically gone to conventional energy sources. Tax credit programs which could lead to a 20% market penetration by solar energy in the industrial sector by the year 2000 are presented.

  13. Application of Industrial Heat Improving energy efficiency of

    E-print Network

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Application of Industrial Heat Pumps Improving energy ­ efficiency of industrial processes . H Session Application of Industrial Heat Pumps Improving energy ­ efficiency of industrial processes Agency (IEA) - Agreements "Heat Pump Programme" "Industrial Energy-related Technologies and Systems #12

  14. Emerging Industrial Innovations for New Energy Efficient Technologies 

    E-print Network

    Laitner, J. A.

    2007-01-01

    The discussion surrounding industrial efficiency gains typically focuses on industry’s own use of energy and the set of technologies that might cost-effectively reduce that consumption. Often overlooked is industry’s role as a primary developer...

  15. Optical media standards for industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hallam, Kenneth J.

    1993-01-01

    Optical storage is a new and growing area of technology that can serve to meet some of the mass storage needs of the computer industry. Optical storage is characterized by information being stored and retrieved by means of diode lasers. When most people refer to optical storage, they mean rotating disk media, but there are 1 or 2 products that use lasers to read and write to tape. Optical media also usually means removable media. Because of its removability, there is a recognized need for standardization, both of the media and of the recording method. Industry standards can come about in one or more different ways. An industry supported body can sanction and publish a formal standard. A company may ship enough of a product that it so dominates an application or industry that it acquires 'standard' status without an official sanction. Such de facto standards are almost always copied by other companies with varying degrees of success. A governmental body can issue a rule or law that requires conformance to a standard. The standard may have been created by the government, or adopted from among many proposed by industry. These are often known as de jure standards. Standards are either open or proprietary. If approved by a government or sanctioning body, the standard is open. A de facto standard may be either open or proprietary. Optical media is too new to have de facto standards accepted by the marketplace yet. The proliferation of non-compatible media types in the last 5 years of optical market development have convinced many of the need for recognized media standards.

  16. Industrial energy performance indicator reports

    SciTech Connect

    Munroe, V.

    1999-07-01

    The mandate for this work originated in December, 1996, when a joint meeting of federal and provincial Ministers of Energy and Environment, in addressing their responsibility to provide leadership on the Greenhouse Gases/Climate Change agenda, endorsed the following statement ({number{underscore}sign}13 of 45 initiatives launches at that time): Industrial establishments will be provided with a confidential benchmarking report on their energy efficiency progress, including how they compare to national and international averages for their sector. Information will also be provided on energy management best practices in their industries. The goal of the initiative is to use information provided on the state of energy practice to prompt, motivate, and induce companies to implement further energy efficiency measures. And one premise underlying it is that useful guidance on the state of energy practice in a company can be obtained from existing data sources, primarily the Industrial Consumption of Energy (ICE) survey and the Annual Survey of Manufacturers (ASM), both products of Statistics Canada. In addition, there are existing surveys which include energy consumption that are undertaken by associations such as the Canadian Portland Cement Association, the Canadian Chemical Producers Association, the Canadian Pulp and Paper Association, etc. Since the commitment was made, Natural Resources Canada staff have undertaken a large amount of investigative and developmental work which will be presented. Existing data from three sectors, pulp, cement and fluid milk, has been analyzed and will be delivered with draft context and energy efficiency guidance notes to the management of about 100 establishments. The author will also be able to report on how this information was received by these managers, and on the recommendations that will have been collected from industry on the more specific nature and frequency of industrial energy performance reporting desired.

  17. Energy Analysis and Diagnostics Data Analysis From Industrial Energy Assessments for Manufacturing Industries 

    E-print Network

    Gopalakrishnan, B.; Plummer, R. W.; Srinath, S.; Meffe, C. M.; Ipe, J. J.; Veena, R.

    1997-01-01

    . The data shows the types of industries in our geographical area which have benefited from the industrial assessments and outlines the relationships between these industry types and variables such as energy consumption, types of recommendations, sales, plant...

  18. 76 FR 54794 - Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc., Plant #3, Asheboro, NC; Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-02

    ...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-70...989B] Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc., Plant 3, Asheboro, NC; Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc., Plant 33, Asheboro...Division of Klaussner Furniture Industries, Inc., Milford, IA;...

  19. Regulation Retrieval Using Industry Specific Abstract Increasingly, taxonomies are being developed and used by industry practitioners

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    1 Regulation Retrieval Using Industry Specific Taxonomies Abstract Increasingly, taxonomies are being developed and used by industry practitioners to facilitate information interoperability and retrieval. Within a single industrial domain, there exist many taxonomies that are intended for different

  20. China's Energy Management System Program for Industry

    E-print Network

    Hedman, B.; Yu, Y.; Friedman, Z.; Taylor, R.

    2014-01-01

    | iipnetwork.org China’s Energy Management System Program for Industry Bruce Hedman, Yongmiao Yu, Robert Taylor, Zach Friedman Institute for Industrial Productivity May 21 IETC 2014 ESL-IE-14-05-24 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy... Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 | iipnetwork.org • Introduction to IIP and global industrial energy use trends • Profile of China’s industrial energy use • Overview of China’s industrial energy efficiency programs • Overview of China...

  1. Information Services of Maritime Industry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palazov, Atanas; Stefanov, Asen

    2015-04-01

    The ultimate goal of modern oceanography is an end user oriented product. Beneficiaries are the governmental services, coast-based enterprises and research institutions that make use of the products generated by operational oceanography. Direct potential users and customers are coastal managers, shipping, offshore industry, ports and harbours, fishing, tourism and recreation industry, and scientific community. Indirect beneficiaries, through climate forecasting based on ocean observations, are food, energy, water and medical suppliers. Five general classes of users for data and information are specified: (1) operational users that analyze the collected data and produce different forecasts serving to impose regulation measures; (2) authorities and managers of large-scale projects needing timely oceanographic information, including statistics and climatic trends; (3) industrial enterprises, safety of structures and avoiding of pollution; (4) tourism and recreation related users aiming protection of human health; (5) scientists, engineers, and economists carrying out special researches, strategic design studies, and other investigations to advance the application of marine data. The analysis of information received during the extensive inquiry among all potential end users reveals variety of data and information needs encompassing physical, chemical, biological and hydrometeorological observation. Nevertheless, the common requirement concerns development of observing and forecasting systems providing accurate real-time or near-real time data and information supporting decision making and environmental management. Availability of updated information on the actual state as well as forecast for the future changes of marine environment are essential for the success and safety of maritime operations in the offshore industry. For this purpose different systems have been developed to collect data and to produce forecasts on the state of the marine environment and to provide them in real-time to the users in applying the latest advances in instrument-building, information and communication technologies. In the Bulgarian sector of the Black Sea have been developed and putted in operation several systems for the collection and presentation of marine data for the needs of different users. The systems are located both along the coast and in the open sea and the information they provide is used by both the maritime industry and the widest range of users. Combining them into a national operational marine observational system is a task that has to be solved, and that will allow to get a more complete and comprehensive picture of the state of the marine environment in the Bulgarian sector of the Black Sea. Such a system will help to support the activities of the offshore industry.

  2. China develops natural gas industry

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    As of 1981, more than 60 natural gas fields with a total annual output of 12.74 billion cu m have been discovered in China, placing the country among the top 12 gas producers in the world. In addition, there are prospects for natural gas in the Bohai-North China Basin and the Qaidam Basin, NW. China, providing a base for further expansion of the gas industry. Gas reservoirs have been found in 9 different geologic ages: Sinian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Tertiary, and Quaternary. Of the 60 gas field now being exploited, there are more than 40 fields in Sichuan. The Sichuan Basin gas industry is described in detail.

  3. Cutinases: properties and industrial applications.

    PubMed

    Pio, Tatiana Fontes; Macedo, Gabriela Alves

    2009-01-01

    Cutinases, also known as cutin hydrolases (EC 3.1.1.74) are enzymes first discovered from phytopathogenic fungi that grow on cutin as the sole carbon source. Cutin is a complex biopolymer composed of epoxy and hydroxy fatty acids, and forms the structural component of higher plants cuticle. These enzymes share catalytic properties of lipases and esterases, presenting a unique feature of being active regardless the presence of an oil-water interface, making them interesting as biocatalysts in several industrial processes involving hydrolysis, esterification, and trans-esterification reactions. Cutinases present high stability in organic solvents and ionic liquids, both free and microencapsulated in reverse micelles. These characteristics allow the enzyme application in different areas such as food industry, cosmetics, fine chemicals, pesticide and insecticide degradation, treatment and laundry of fiber textiles, and polymer chemistry. The present chapter describes the characteristics, potential applications, and new perspectives for these enzymes. PMID:19203649

  4. Industrial hygiene inspection procedures guide

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    This is the first of three volumes of a manual intended to provide industrial hygienists with essential technical information in order to determine compliance with regulations, evaluate control measures, investigate problems in individual plants as well as on an industry-wide basis, and provide data for consultation with all parties concerning health problems. The main topics covered include: evaluation of the work environment in regard to hazardous conditions, statistical methods of sampling, recognition, evaluation and survey of the conditions; sampling and analysis of hazardous conditions, such as gases, vapors, aerosols, dusts, fumes, mists, physical hazards, radiation and airflow measurement; medical and biological procedures; interferences, limitations, precautions, calibrations, sampler collection efficiency and stability determination; calibration instruments and techniques for flow and volume calibration; data tables of more than 550 hazardous materials.

  5. Industrial lead paint removal specifications

    SciTech Connect

    Stone, R.C. [S.G. Pinney and Associates, Inc., Port St. Lucie, FL (United States)

    1997-06-01

    The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader as to some of the pertinent rules and regulations promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) that may effect an industrial lead paint removal project. The paper discusses a recommended schedule of procedures and preparations to be followed by the lead paint removal specification writer when analyzing the possible impact of the project on the environment, the public and workers. Implications of the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) along with hazardous waste handling, manifesting, transporting and disposal procedures are discussed with special emphasis placed as to their impact on the writer and the facility owner. As the rules and regulations are highly complex, the writer has attempted to explain the methodology currently being used in state-of-the-art industrial lead abatement specifications.

  6. A New Tool for Industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    Ultrasonic P2L2 bolt monitor is a new industrial tool, developed at Langley Research Laboratory, which is lightweight, portable, extremely accurate because it is not subject to friction error, and it is cost-competitive with the least expensive of other types of accurate strain monitors. P2L2 is an acronym for Pulse Phase Locked Loop. The ultrasound system which measures the stress that occurs when a bolt becomes elongated in the process of tightening, transmits sound waves to the bolt being fastened and receives a return signal indicating changes in bolt stress. Results are translated into a digital reading of the actual stress on the bolt. Device monitors the bolt tensioning process on mine roof bolts that provide increased safety within the mine. Also has utility in industrial applications.

  7. Industrial accidents triggered by lightning.

    PubMed

    Renni, Elisabetta; Krausmann, Elisabeth; Cozzani, Valerio

    2010-12-15

    Natural disasters can cause major accidents in chemical facilities where they can lead to the release of hazardous materials which in turn can result in fires, explosions or toxic dispersion. Lightning strikes are the most frequent cause of major accidents triggered by natural events. In order to contribute towards the development of a quantitative approach for assessing lightning risk at industrial facilities, lightning-triggered accident case histories were retrieved from the major industrial accident databases and analysed to extract information on types of vulnerable equipment, failure dynamics and damage states, as well as on the final consequences of the event. The most vulnerable category of equipment is storage tanks. Lightning damage is incurred by immediate ignition, electrical and electronic systems failure or structural damage with subsequent release. Toxic releases and tank fires tend to be the most common scenarios associated with lightning strikes. Oil, diesel and gasoline are the substances most frequently released during lightning-triggered Natech accidents. PMID:20817399

  8. Industrial Relations and Industrial Change: The Restructuring of the World Automobile Industry in the 1970s and 1980s

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang Streeck

    1987-01-01

    The paper discusses differences in industrial relations systems between the 'winners' and 'losers' of the auto industry's restructuring period in the 1970s and 1980s. It describes a set of sometimes counter-intuitive relationships between economic success in turbulent markets, product strategies, the use of modern technology, work organization, industrial relations 'rigidities', and patterns of skills and skill generation. Arguing that specific

  9. Foundations for Excellence in the Chemical Process Industries. Voluntary Industry Standards for Chemical Process Industries Technical Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofstader, Robert; Chapman, Kenneth

    This document discusses the Voluntary Industry Standards for Chemical Process Industries Technical Workers Project and issues of relevance to the education and employment of chemical laboratory technicians (CLTs) and process technicians (PTs). Section 1 consists of the following background information: overview of the chemical process industries,…

  10. Conservation profile: the chemical industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Millenson; D. A. Schmidt

    1977-01-01

    The energy-intensive chemical industry is responding to high prices by changing its energy management procedures. Many corporations are upgrading the positions of energy managers in their organizational structure. Savings have already been realized from converting gas-fired boilers to burn oil and coal and from housekeeping measures to increase efficiency. Capital investment, which is now needed for further energy-saving research, process

  11. Corporate Ownership by Industrial Foundations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    STEEN THOMSEN

    1999-01-01

    Industrial foundations are self-governing, non-profit institutions that own business companies. This ownership structure is found in a fair number of Northern European companies, some of them successful world-class competitors. Standard agency theory would predict foundation-owned companies to be relatively inefficient since they lack monitoring by residual claimants and access to equity finance from the stock market. Nevertheless, empirical research (Thomsen

  12. Furnace for treating industrial wastes

    SciTech Connect

    Nakamura, T.D.

    1982-08-31

    A furnace for treating sewage sludge, ash from municipal incinerators or other industrial wastes by melting the waste with a high-temperature bed formed from a combustible carbonaceous material for the reuse of the resulting molten product, for example, as aggregate. A gas for combustion is supplied to the bed at an intermediate portion between its upper and lower portions while causing the resulting combustion gas to flow through the bed dividedly upward and downward.

  13. Industrial applications of neutron diffraction

    SciTech Connect

    Felcher, G.P.

    1989-01-01

    Neutron diffraction (or, to be more general, neutron scattering) is a most versatile and universal tool, which has been widely employed to probe the structure, the dynamics and the magnetism of condensed matter. Traditionally used for fundamental research in solid state physics, this technique more recently has been applied to problems of immediate industrial interest, as illustrated in examples covering the main fields of endeavour. 14 refs., 14 figs.

  14. From Philosophical to Industrial Logics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Moshe Y. Vardi

    2009-01-01

    One of the surprising developments in the area of program verification is how ideas introduced by logicians in the early part\\u000a of the 20th Century ended up yielding by the 21 Century industrial-standard property-specification languages. This development\\u000a was enabled by the equally unlikely transformation of the mathematical machinery of automata on infinite words, introduced\\u000a in the early 1960s for second-order

  15. Where is the industry headed?

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The past year has been busy for NPRA and the refining industry at large: introduction of reformulated gasoline (RFG), promulgation of refinery MACT, rebounding gasoline and petrochemical margins, and a renewed interest by Congress in developing flexible regulations. NPRA President Urvan Sternfels and Technical Director Terrence Higgins discussed with Fuel Reformulation the changes that have taken place since the last editorial meeting with Sternfels where they are headed.

  16. Industrial Jobs for Chemistry Majors

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Pence, Harry E.

    As part of SUNY professor Harry E. Pence's Website, The Alchemist's Lair, Industrial Jobs for Chemistry Majors provides a healthy mix of search advice and links to help recent graduates find general employment sources, entry level science jobs, and temporary science jobs. While some links lead to valuable advice, other links offer direct access to places like America's Job Bank and the Nonprofit Career Center. An excellent resource for chemistry graduates in search of work.

  17. Industry Offers Opportunities and Incentives

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV focuses on "hands-on learning in Electronics Engineering, industry needs that inform classroom practice, and the great incentives available for female students studying Laser and Photonics Technology." The episode can be watched in full or through the three segments. Running time for the full episode of this streaming video is 8:58.

  18. Cryogenics in the food industry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davidge, H.

    Application of cryogenics in the Food Industry has grown from its inception twelve years ago to nearly 100 000 tons per annum; most of this involves liquid nitrogen. History of this growth is described, together with the technical developments necessary in equipment and control systems which were needed to ensure economic success of the processes. Methods used to distribute the liquid nitrogen are explained and the current theories of freezing principles outlined. Trends for the future in this use of cryogenics are discussed.

  19. Industrial jet noise: Coanda nozzles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, P.; Halliwell, N. A.

    1985-04-01

    Within the U.K. manufacturing industries noise from industrial jets ranks third as a major contributor to industrial deafness. Noise control is hindered because use is made of the air once it has exuded from the nozzle exit. Important tasks include swarf removal, paint spreading, cooling, etc. Nozzles which employ the Coanda effect appear to offer the possibility of significant noise reduction whilst maintaining high thrust efficiency when compared with the commonly used simple open pipe or ordinary convergent nozzle. In this paper the performance of Coanda-type nozzles is examined in detail and an index rating for nozzle performance is introduced. Results show that far field stagnation pressure distributions are Gaussian and similar in all cases with a dispersion coefficient ? = 0·64. Noise reduction and thrust efficiency are shown to be closely related to the design geometry of the central body of the nozzle. Performance is based on four fundamental characteristics, these being the noise level at 1 m from the exit and at a 90° station to the nozzle axis, and the thrust on a chosen profile, the noise reduction and the thrust efficiency. Physically, performance is attributed to flow near field effects where, although all nozzles are choked, shock cell associated noise is absent.

  20. Recording Industry Association of America

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Recording Industry Association of America's (RIAA) site contains articles and statistics concerning the recording arts industry. The RIAA is a "trade group that represents the U.S. recording industry" and its members are responsible for roughly 90 percent of the sound recordings that are produced and sold in the U.S. A visitor seeking the best of their resources should click on the press room section at the top of the home page, there they will find six main sections, these include: must reads, news/views, guest columns, legal cases, photo gallery and research and data. These sections contain valuable information including current articles from around the web on piracy and new technology to the status of various legal cases that the organization is involved in. Another link from the home page visitors should see is the Issues section. Here users will find information spanning artist contracts, licensing and royalties, and a glossary. In all, this site is a resource that would be useful to instructors as well as students interested in the recording arts.

  1. Industrial Power Factor Analysis Guidebook.

    SciTech Connect

    Electrotek Concepts.

    1995-03-01

    Power factor is a way of measuring the percentage of reactive power in an electrical system. Reactive power represents wasted energy--electricity that does no useful work because the electrical current is out of phase with the voltage. Reactive power is used by inductive loads (such as, motors, transformers, fluorescent lights, arc welders and induction furnaces) to sustain their magnetic fields. Electric systems with many motors exhibit low power factors, increased conductor and transformer losses, and lower voltages. Utilities must supply both active and reactive power and compensate for these losses. Power factor can be improved by the addition of shunt capacitors. Capacitors act in opposition to inductive loads, thereby minimizing the reactive power required to serve them. In raising the power factor, shunt capacitors release energy to the system, reduce system losses, and ultimately decrease power costs. Improving system power factor can reduce reactive and active power losses for both industry and utilities through the addition of shunt capacitors. This Guide Book gives electric utility technical staff, industrial end-users, consultants and BPA employees a step-by-step method for evaluating the cost effectiveness of installing power factor correction capacitors in an industrial plant.

  2. Biomonitoring for the photovoltaics industry

    SciTech Connect

    Bernholc, N.M.; Moskowitz, P.D.

    1995-07-01

    Biomonitoring often is used as a method for estimating the dose to an individual. Therefore, a parameter of measurement, or biomarkers must be identified. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of biomonitoring protocols for metals used in the photovoltaics industry. Special attention is given to areas that often are skimmed over, to gain insights into some of the problems that may arise when these tasks are carried out. Biological monitoring can be used to determine current human exposures to chemicals, as well as to detect past exposures, and the effects that these exposures may have on human health. It is used in conjunction with environmental monitoring to describe more completely worker`s exposures to, and absorption of, chemicals in the workplace. Biological specimens (e.g., blood, hair or urine) are analyzed for chemical agents, metabolites, or for some specific effect on the person (Lowry 1994). Biomonitoring can assess a workers exposure to industrial chemicals by all routes including skin absorption and ingestion. Although the methodology still is in its infancy, in cases where the procedures have been developed, it can be an invaluable component of an ongoing program of industrial hygiene monitoring. Like any technology, there are limitations to its effectiveness because of a lack of knowledge, contamination of specimens, and the introduction of errors.

  3. What is industry's deepwater capability

    SciTech Connect

    Hammett, D.

    1980-11-01

    Industry now has drilled many wells in water depths of from 2000 to 5000 ft offshore countries like Canada, Surinam, Australia, UK, Spain, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Gabon, Brazil, Mauritania, Indonesia, Morocco and Ireland. The US has the world's best technology and the world's best experience and most of the world's proven deepwater drilling equipment and contractors are in the US. However, the US has not released for exploration its deepwater areas. The OCS out to 600+ ft is being exlored in a routine manner by mobile, bottom-supported and floating drilling equipment. The continental slope (600 to 5000 ft.) is being explored by the special deepwater floating drilling units. The continental rise (5000 to 13,000 ft.) is industry's next objective for exploration. The technology and experience used in exploration drilling is applied to producing oil/gas in deepwater. Production is handled by a floating platform resembling a semi drilling rig with a production riser substituting for the drilling riser. Industry takes small, steady steps to develop its techniques for drilling and producing. (DP)

  4. Food industry: friend or foe?

    PubMed

    Yach, D

    2014-01-01

    Open discourse and tolerance between the food industry and public sector is limited. As a result, the public and private sectors are reluctant to collaborate on pressing nutritional issues. Those in the public sector have never heard what they could do to encourage a food company's transition towards healthier foods and beverages, whereas many in the private sector dismissed policies and actions initiated within the public sector. During my career, I have sought to engage the broadest possible stakeholder groups required to develop evidence-based policies and with the aim of improving public health. My recent experience in industry confirmed my view about the need for scientific exchange regardless of the disagreements about policy. Open discourse and partnering is essential if we are to tackle complex food and health issues and improve the global food system. Private-public engagement can provide faster and more sustainable results than government alone without impacting profits. Moreover, a high-quality product in smaller portions will have higher profit margins than a bargain-sized product of lower quality. The food industry and private sector must come together to implement innovative strategies to address urgent nutritional needs. PMID:24180599

  5. Accrediting industrial safety training programs

    SciTech Connect

    Beitel, L.

    1992-12-31

    There are job-specific training requirements established by regulations that Impose stringent training requirements on a contractor, for example, the Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA). Failure to comply with OSHA training requirements can result in severe penalties being levied against a company. Although an accredited training program is expensive, it is a possible solution for minimizing risks associated with job-specific training requirements for employees. Operating DOE contractors direct approximately 10 percent of the operating funds toward training activities. Training needs for contractors span a broad range, from requirements awareness training for managers, to general training required on a one-time basis for all employees, to highly specialized training programs for employees involved In clean-up operations at hazardous waste sites. With this kind of an investment in training, it is logical to maximize the most return on an investment of training funds and to limit exposure to liability suits whenever possible. This presentation will provide an overview of accredited industrial safety programs. The criteria for accredited industrial safety programs will be defined. The question of whether accredited training programs are necessary will be examined. Finally, advantages and disadvantages will be identified for accrediting industrial safety training programs.

  6. Accrediting industrial safety training programs

    SciTech Connect

    Beitel, L.

    1992-01-01

    There are job-specific training requirements established by regulations that Impose stringent training requirements on a contractor, for example, the Occupational Safety Health Act (OSHA). Failure to comply with OSHA training requirements can result in severe penalties being levied against a company. Although an accredited training program is expensive, it is a possible solution for minimizing risks associated with job-specific training requirements for employees. Operating DOE contractors direct approximately 10 percent of the operating funds toward training activities. Training needs for contractors span a broad range, from requirements awareness training for managers, to general training required on a one-time basis for all employees, to highly specialized training programs for employees involved In clean-up operations at hazardous waste sites. With this kind of an investment in training, it is logical to maximize the most return on an investment of training funds and to limit exposure to liability suits whenever possible. This presentation will provide an overview of accredited industrial safety programs. The criteria for accredited industrial safety programs will be defined. The question of whether accredited training programs are necessary will be examined. Finally, advantages and disadvantages will be identified for accrediting industrial safety training programs.

  7. Thermal limits for industrial workers

    PubMed Central

    Bell, C. R.; Watts, A. J.

    1971-01-01

    Bell, C. R., and Watts, A. J. (1971).Brit. J. industr. Med.,28, 259-264. Thermal limits for industrial workers. The literature on relationships between man's comfort, efficiency, and physical well-being and the nature of his thermal working environment is diverse and highly specific. Industrial practice requires more general `concensus' data on which to base reasonable recommendations for the establishment of thermal environmental limits. A series of three such limits is proposed which provide protection of the workers' comfort, efficiency, and physiological safety. For sedentary workers it is suggested that in summer an upper limit of 21·8°C C.E.T. is advisable if not less than 80% of workers are to be free from discomfort. Against a similar criterion in winter a lower limit of 15·5°C C.E.T. is proposed. An extrapolation of data from laboratory to industrial work-places provides a suggested limit for efficiency at skilled tasks at 26·7°C C.E.T. Finally, a limit of environmental severity based upon an absence of severe physiological distress in 95% of exposed workers is proposed which varies with the age and physical fitness of the workers and the physical demands of the work they are called upon to perform. Images PMID:5557846

  8. Second Symposium on Space Industrialization. [space commercialization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jernigan, C. M. (editor)

    1984-01-01

    The policy, legal, and economic aspects of space industrialization are considered along with satellite communications, material processing, remote sensing, and the role of space carriers and a space station in space industrialization.

  9. Industrial Conservation Technology Energy Savings Monitoring System

    E-print Network

    Crowell, J. J.; Phipps, H. R., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    ) is described. Included are examples of the implementation steps using two industrial conservation technologies, a ceramic recuperator and a textile foam finishing technology. The paper concludes with a summary of the system benefits to government and industry....

  10. Industry Analysis and Customer Segmentation Company Description

    E-print Network

    Dahl, David B.

    Industry Analysis and Customer Segmentation Company Description: Our company specializes in baseball equipment, but also manufactures softball, basketball, training equipment and American footballs benefits and services industry, our businesses offer exceptional service, broad capabilities and enduring

  11. Pricing Network Services Department of Industrial Engineering

    E-print Network

    Varaiya, Pravin

    of the telecommunication industry. Bundling seems to be the only way to survive. Witness the merger between AmericanPricing Network Services Jun Shu Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research UC

  12. Cyclical dynamics of airline industry earnings

    E-print Network

    Pierson, Kawika

    Aggregate airline industry earnings have exhibited large-amplitude cyclical behavior since deregulation in 1978. To explore the causes of these cycles we develop a behavioral dynamic model of the airline industry with ...

  13. The State of the Industrial Compressor Market 

    E-print Network

    Perry, W.

    1998-01-01

    The industrial compressor industry in the United States has been operating in a textbook example of a mature market. No truly new compressor technology has been introduced in the past thirty years and there is none on the horizon. Competitive...

  14. Industrial Approach to Undergraduate Polymer Laboratory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staskiewicz, Bernard A.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Describes an undergraduate polymer laboratory program in which the laboratory simulates an industrial organization. The goals of the program are to foster an understanding of the properties of polymers and how they change, their preparation, and industrial application. (JN)

  15. Bridging the Industry-High School Gap.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bassow, Herb

    1984-01-01

    Highlights efforts to increase high school use of chemical industry resources. Indicates that a list of industry resources available to all Philadelphia (PA) area chemistry teachers is currently available from the American Chemistry Society Corporation Associates. (JN)

  16. Chemistry in the 1980's: Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerstacker, Carl A.

    1979-01-01

    Focuses on the problems facing the chemical industry during the decade ahead. Government regulations, political activity by the industry, environmental concerns of the public, research and development, and competition are the major concerns discussed. (SA)

  17. Marketing Reordering of the Electric Utility Industry

    E-print Network

    Anderson, J. A.

    foreign countries. Our members produce a wide range of products including steel, aluminum, chemicals, industrial gases, glass, motor vehicles, textiles and food. ELCON members consume approximately ten percent of all electricity sold to industrial...

  18. Chemists in Industry: A Minisemester Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomkins, R. P. T.; Moore, J. A.

    1975-01-01

    Describes a one month course entitled "Chemists in Industry," offered between semesters at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The students visit numerous industries according to a scheduled program and submit reports at the end of the course. (MLH)

  19. Practical Procedures for Auditing Industrial Boiler Plants 

    E-print Network

    O'Neil, J. P.

    1980-01-01

    Industrial boiler plants are an area of opportunity in virtually every industry to save energy and reduce costs by using relatively simple, inexpensive auditing procedures. An energy audit consists of inspection, measurement, analysis...

  20. Practical Procedures for Auditing Industrial Boiler Plants

    E-print Network

    O'Neil, J. P.

    1980-01-01

    Industrial boiler plants are an area of opportunity in virtually every industry to save energy and reduce costs by using relatively simple, inexpensive auditing procedures. An energy audit consists of inspection, measurement, analysis...

  1. 2008 Industrial Technologies Market Report, May 2009

    SciTech Connect

    Energetics; DOE

    2009-07-01

    The industrial sector is a critical component of the U.S. economy, providing an array of consumer, transportation, and national defense-related goods we rely on every day. Unlike many other economic sectors, however, the industrial sector must compete globally for raw materials, production, and sales. Though our homes, stores, hospitals, and vehicles are located within our borders, elements of our goods-producing industries could potentially be moved offshore. Keeping U.S. industry competitive is essential to maintaining and growing the U.S. economy. This report begins with an overview of trends in industrial sector energy use. The next section of the report focuses on some of the largest and most energy-intensive industrial subsectors. The report also highlights several emerging technologies that could transform key segments of industry. Finally, the report presents policies, incentives, and drivers that can influence the competitiveness of U.S. industrial firms.

  2. 7 CFR 900.33 - Industry assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Industry assessments. 900.33 Section 900.33 Agriculture...Milk Marketing Agreements and Marketing Orders § 900.33 Industry assessments. If the Secretary determines it is...

  3. 7 CFR 900.33 - Industry assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Industry assessments. 900.33 Section 900.33 Agriculture...Milk Marketing Agreements and Marketing Orders § 900.33 Industry assessments. If the Secretary determines it is...

  4. BARREL AND DRUM RECONDITIONING INDUSTRY STATUS PROFILE

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report is an industry profile of drum reconditioning process characteristics and the current status of pollutant generation and disposal. An overview of the reconditioning industry describes number, location, and types of facilities, and estimates the volumes of drums proces...

  5. Strategic analysis of the industry for '93.

    PubMed

    1992-09-01

    Continued industry consolidation and head-to-head competition, especially among large industrial companies is expected once again for 1993. Industry growth exceeding gross domestic product (GDP) also should continue. Although much of the industry experienced recession-imposed margin pressures during the past year, the low-inflation economy is providing a positive environment for improved profitability. The industry's core customer base continues to be stable. In fact, six of those industries--health and medical services, telecommunication services, communications, motor vehicles and parts, travel/transportation services, and food and related products--are among the top 12 U.S. industries picked for growth. TRSA's Long Range Planning Committee and association staff have developed this strategic analysis of the industry to help member companies develop their own action plans. PMID:10121719

  6. Industrial Boiler Optimization Utilizing CO Control 

    E-print Network

    Ruoff, C. W.; Reiter, R. E.

    1980-01-01

    Escalating energy costs have caused industry to search the technical section for the current state-of-the-art in combustion and control technology for power generation. Long a forgotten area in many industrial facilities, today the steam generating...

  7. Industrial Heat Pumps: Where and When

    E-print Network

    Ranade, S. M.; Chao, Y. T.

    ?". SOME MYTHS AND REALITY An industrial heat pump is a practical method for upgrading thermal energy. The primary objectives of heat pump placement are to make the thermal energy more valuable and to minimize its waste. In recent years, industrial... heat pump cycles have also been used in process applications for recovery of solvents (1). Myth no. 1 An industrial heat pump, is a residential or a commercial heat pump simply placed in an industrial setting.' This is not true. The choice...

  8. Quality of effluents from Hattar Industrial Estate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Sial; M. F. Chaudhary; S. T. Abbas; M. I. Latif; A. G. Khan

    2006-01-01

    Of 6634 registered industries in Pakistan, 1228 are considered to be highly polluting. The major industries include textile,\\u000a pharmaceutical, chemicals (organic and inorganic), food industries, ceramics, steel, oil mills and leather tanning which spread\\u000a all over four provinces, with the larger number located in Sindh and Punjab, with smaller number in North Western Frontier\\u000a Province (NWFP) and Baluchistan. Hattar Industrial

  9. Industrial and Organizational Psychology Doctoral Program Handbook

    E-print Network

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Industrial and Organizational Psychology Doctoral Program Handbook University of Central Florida...............................................................23 B. Satisfactory Academic Performance Psychology. U

  10. Has branding failed the utility industry?

    SciTech Connect

    Brew, A. [Addison, New York, NY (United States)] [Addison, New York, NY (United States); [Addison, San Francisco, CA (United States); [Addison, Chicago, IL (United States); Phelps, L. [Phelps Consulting Group (United States)] [Phelps Consulting Group (United States)

    1998-11-01

    Some flawed, and now discredited, experiments have thrown a shadow over the value of branding in the utility industry. But brands do have power in the energy industry, if they are well conceived and their execution is well supported. Branding has been enthusiastically embraced by those industries that are bearing the brunt of regulatory and technological changes. At the forefront of these are the telecommunications, airlines, financial services, and power utilities industries.

  11. Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Industrial Water Use

    SciTech Connect

    Boyd, Brian K.

    2010-08-01

    The document provides a methodology to estimate unmetered industrial water use for evaporative cooling systems, steam generating boiler systems, batch process applications, and wash systems. For each category standard mathematical relationships are summarized and provided in a single resource to assist Federal agencies in developing an initial estimate of their industrial water use. The approach incorporates industry norms, general rules of thumb, and industry survey information to provide methodologies for each section.

  12. Industrial Hygiene Laboratory accreditation: The JSC experience

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fadner, Dawn E.

    1993-01-01

    The American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) is a society of professionals dedicated to the health and safety of workers and community. With more than 10,000 members, the AIHA is the largest international association serving occupational and environmental health professionals practicing industrial hygiene in private industry, academia, government, labor, and independent organizations. In 1973, AIHA developed a National Industrial Hygiene Laboratory Accreditation Program. The purposes of this program are shown.

  13. Future float zone development in industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sandfort, R. M.

    1980-01-01

    The present industrial requirements for float zone silicon are summarized. Developments desired by the industry in the future are reported. The five most significant problems faced today by the float zone crystal growth method in industry are discussed. They are economic, large diameter, resistivity uniformity, control of carbon, and swirl defects.

  14. Work to School: Teachers from Industry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Annette

    2009-01-01

    Vocational Education and Training (VET) in Schools teachers are required to deliver current and relevant industry and workplace knowledge to senior students in secondary schools. One of the ways in which VET in Schools teachers can be well prepared to teach VET Industry Curriculum Framework courses is to take teachers from an industry background…

  15. Tailoring Continuing Education to Construction Industry Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Harry P.

    1974-01-01

    This article describes a regionally oriented continuing education program for people in the construction industry which has been cooperatively developed by representatives from university programs in technology and by industry leaders concerned with regional needs for housing, industrial building, transportation, pollution abatement, and other…

  16. The Applications of Psychology to Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. C. Link

    1920-01-01

    Reviews 48 titles on the applications of psychology to industry. Industry has sometimes expected quick and concrete returns which psychologists have not been able to produce. The establishment of departments of psychology in schools of business administration is a promising new phase. Brierly's warning against letting the practical demands of industry dominate at the expense of the human side of

  17. "Reality Bites" -HCI in industry Philip Bonhard

    E-print Network

    Cairns, Paul

    1 "Reality Bites" - HCI in industry Philip Bonhard Accenture User Experience Group 1 Plantation training itself. In order to ensure that graduates have the right skill-set to work effectively in project situations, industry and academia need to co-operate more closely. Industry needs to communicate to academia

  18. Global commercial space industry indicators and trends

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ethan E Haase; Carissa Bryce Christensen; Hans Ten Cate

    2002-01-01

    This paper will provide a description of the current size and production levels of space-related industries, based on a global survey of firms undertaken by Futron Corporation and the Satellite Industry Association. In addition, the paper provides a forecast of future space activity by commercial and government entities, focusing on commercial growth.The industry indicators included in the paper include revenue,

  19. The food industry and provincial economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Greg Walsh MA; Duo Li

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the significance of the food industry for the Zhejiang provincial economy and for provincial economies generally. It is suggested that the strong ties between the food industry and provincial economies in China means that the food industry can be a key influence in the economic development of regional China. Moreover, the geographically diffuse nature of the food

  20. Sustainable development and the construction industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin Spence; Helen Mulligan

    1995-01-01

    The construction industry, together with the materials industries which support it, is one of the major global exploiters of natural resources, both physical and biological. The industry thus contributes very significantly to the current unsustainable development path of the global economy. This paper has two purposes. First, it attempts to identify the principal ways in which construction contributes to environmental

  1. Advertising Agencies: An Analysis of Industry Structure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sandra J.

    Noting that advertising agencies have not been examined as a collective industry, this paper looks at the development and structure of the advertising agency industry. The first portion of the paper discusses the development of the agency. The remaining two sections deal with trends in and the structure of the industry including: (1) the growth of…

  2. Construction. Industry Training Monograph No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dumbrell, Tom

    Australia's construction industry employs nearly 600,000 workers, over 7% of total national employment. The industry is heavily dominated by males (nearly 88%) and full-time workers (86%). Much of the work in this industry involves subcontracting and is cyclical. Construction employers provided much less structured training than the average…

  3. Competitiveness assessment system for China's construction industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaixun Sha; Jie Yang; Ruiqian Song

    2008-01-01

    How can competitiveness be defined and measured within China's construction industry to evaluate the overall performance and also allow enterprises to assess and improve their competence? The Competitiveness Index for the Construction Industry (CICI) is a new single index that can measure relative competitiveness of the construction industry at China's provincial level. The principles and process of the system development

  4. The Dairy Industrial Fellowship Research Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. M. Trout; William White; M. J. Mack; P. A. Downs; E. L. Fouts

    1939-01-01

    This article is a report of the Dairy Industrial Fellowship Research Program, sponsored jointly by the Dairy Industries Supply Association and the American Dairy Science Association. This report 1, offers a permanent record of the program and 2, gives to the dairy industry an account of the research undertaken and completed under the scholarship grants. The program was formulated in

  5. Getting to Grips with Industry Restructuring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayton, Geoff

    This booklet is written for the general reader who wants to understand important trends in vocational education and training. It aims to give the reader an understanding of industry restructuring by answering three key questions: What is industry restructuring? Why restructure? How is industry restructuring achieved? The first part describes…

  6. INDUSTRIAL POLICY IN LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    EDWARD TOWER

    1986-01-01

    The idea of industrial policy is to cure perceived market failures of various sorts. This also has been the meat of development economics for decades. Moreover, strong similarities exist between the specific goals of industrial policy advocates for developed countries and goals of governments in less developed countries. Both groups seek to pick industrial winners, deal with externalities, improve the

  7. Industrial R&D: the new priorities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Geppert

    1994-01-01

    Commercial research institutions throughout the industrialized world have suffered cutbacks both in the number of working R&D scientists and engineers and in funding from their parent companies. No longer the ivory towers of the past 40 years, industrial laboratories of the '90s are fast paced, market driven, and highly competitive. Here, the author presents the new outlook of industrial laboratories,

  8. Beyond ad hocery: Defining Creative Industries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terry Flew

    This paper explores the rise of the creative industries, whose development marks an increasingly central element of contemporary economies, whose form is informational, global and networked. It begins with a discussion of the various ways in which the creative industries have been defined, in both policy statements and in the academic literature. It relates the development of the creative industries

  9. UW Computer Science & Engineering Industry Affiliates Program

    E-print Network

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    UW Computer Science & Engineering Industry Affiliates Program 2013-14 Contributions for the CSE Industry Affiliates Program are to be used to further the Computer Science & Engineering program-Benton Industrial Affiliates Program University of Washington Computer Science & Engineering Box 352350 Seattle, WA

  10. Development requirements for advanced industrial heat pumps

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. N. Chappell; S. J. Priebe; C. J. Bliem; J. I. Mills

    1985-01-01

    DOE is attempting to advance the use of heat pumps to save energy in industrial processes. The approach has emphasized developing better heat pump technology and transferring that technology to the private sector. DOE requires that heat pump technology selected for development be both applicable to industrial processes and economically advantageous. To be applicable to industrial processes, heat pumps must

  11. Industrial Heat Pump Assessment Study : Final Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. N. Chappell; S. J. Priebe; G. L. Wilfert

    1989-01-01

    This report summarizes preliminary studies that assess the potential of industrial heat pumps for reduction of process heating requirements in industries receiving power from the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). This project was initiated at the request of BPA to determine the potential of industrial heat pumps in BPA's service area. Working from known heat pump principles and from a list

  12. Faculty of Engineering & Design Industrial Placements

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Engineering · BSc(Hons) Architecture* · MEng(Hons) Civil and Architectural Engineering · MEng/BEng(Hons) Civil/BEng(Hons) Electrical and Electronic Engineering · MEng/BEng(Hons) Computer Systems Engineering · MEngFaculty of Engineering & Design Industrial Placements A guide for industry #12;Industrial

  13. Performance Analysis and Evaluation of Industrial Ethernet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li Ming; Liu Hong-san; Lv Jia; Zou En

    2010-01-01

    Because of a wide range of Industrial Ethernet and the great difference between them, it is a difficult problem to select which one is proper when designing an automation system. The huge advantages of Industrial Ethernet are discussed, so are the protocol model and technologic characteristics. The usage patterns and the usage percentages of industrial Ethernet are analyzed. Then the

  14. Industrial effluent treatment: Theoretical and experimental analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Velmurugan; K. Srithar

    2011-01-01

    Industries like textile and tannery are facing effluent disposal as well as water scarcity problems. To solve these two problems, an attempt has been made to convert the industrial effluent into potable water by using solar desalination methods. Effluent from textile industry is taken for analysis. In this work, single basin type solar still with fin at basin, stepped solar

  15. The Chemical Engineer in the Chemical Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zabicky, Jacob

    1986-01-01

    Describes a course for third- or fourth-year chemical engineering students designed to acquaint them with the chemical industry. The course deals with productivity, characteristics of the chemical industry, sources of information, industrial intelligence, research and development, patent law, technology transfer, and quality control. (TW)

  16. Integrating Fermentation and Transesterification Industrial Scale Processes

    E-print Network

    Pike, Ralph W.

    industry in the chemicalPropose a biomass based chemical industry in the chemical production complexIntegrating Fermentation and Transesterification Industrial Scale Processes in the Lower in Design for Sustainability (T9004) Paper No. 225b, Abstract # 107411 American Institute of Chemical

  17. Industry Analysis Brief: Chemicals and Allied Products

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Industry Analysis Brief for chemicals and allied products (SIC 28/NAICS 325) from the US EIA indicates that the chemical industry is the second largest energy consumer among all industries, at 25 percent of the total manufacturing energy used in 1994.

  18. What Are the "Needs of Industry"?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tasker, Mary; Packham, David

    If the purpose of industry is the good of society or of the planet as a whole, then how does higher education meet the needs of industry, particularly in the United Kingdom? Industry needs a trained work force of high quality recruits who are both educated and morally and environmentally aware. However, in the current debate over moral training,…

  19. Post-industrial-revolution HCI Colin Johnson

    E-print Network

    Kent, University of

    an industrial revolution will occur in programming through the use of automated program generation tools, whichPost-industrial-revolution HCI Colin Johnson University of Kent Computing Laboratory Canterbury is akin to the state of manufacturing prior to the industrial revolution. It is suggested that eventually

  20. OVERVIEW OF MUNICIPAL AND INDUSTRIAL LAND APPLICATION

    E-print Network

    Balser, Teri C.

    BE "RIGHT IN YOUR BACKYARD" Variety of municipal and industrial wastes Inexpensive supply of plant biosolids NR 214 ­ Industrial by-products NR 518 ­ Solid waste SITES MUST BE APPROVED AND PERMITTED PRIOR,000 80,000 Biosolids 210,000 70,000 Industrial wastes 1,146,000 345,000 Solid waste na na Source: Fred

  1. An Economic Profile of the Biosciences Industry

    E-print Network

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    and Their Implications for West Virginia 7 3.0 A Profile of the West Virginia Bioscience Industry 15 4.0 StateAn Economic Profile of the Biosciences Industry in West Virginia1 February 2008 By Anthony C Executive Summary 5 1.0 Introduction and Overview 7 2.0 National Studies on the Bioscience Industry

  2. 29 CFR 779.323 - Particular industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 false Particular industry. 779.323 Section 779.323 Labor...Industryâ § 779.323 Particular industry. In order to determine whether...sale or service in the “particular industry” it is necessary to identify the...

  3. The Electricity Industry In Spain Edward Kahn

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-032 The Electricity Industry In Spain Edward Kahn August 1995 This paper is part of the working-5180 www.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei #12;1 The Electricity Industry In Spain Edward Kahn Lawrence Berkeley the current structure of the electricity industry in Spain and recent changes to its legal and regulatory

  4. 29 CFR 779.323 - Particular industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 false Particular industry. 779.323 Section 779.323 Labor...Industryâ § 779.323 Particular industry. In order to determine whether...sale or service in the “particular industry” it is necessary to identify the...

  5. 29 CFR 779.323 - Particular industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Particular industry. 779.323 Section 779.323 Labor...Industryâ § 779.323 Particular industry. In order to determine whether...sale or service in the “particular industry” it is necessary to identify the...

  6. 29 CFR 779.323 - Particular industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Particular industry. 779.323 Section 779.323 Labor...Industryâ § 779.323 Particular industry. In order to determine whether...sale or service in the “particular industry” it is necessary to identify the...

  7. Requirements Engineering Conferences: Wither Industry Tracks?

    E-print Network

    Wieringa, Roel

    Requirements Engineering Conferences: Wither Industry Tracks? Roel Wieringa, Pascal van Eck of Trento Italy jm@cs.toronto.edu Abstract--This position paper argues that industry tracks have no place in any research conference. Instead, a research conference should always have room for industrial case

  8. 29 CFR 779.323 - Particular industry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Particular industry. 779.323 Section 779.323 Labor...Industryâ § 779.323 Particular industry. In order to determine whether...sale or service in the “particular industry” it is necessary to identify the...

  9. Pennsylvania Industrial Arts Safety Guide. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Charles D., Ed.

    Intended to alert industrial arts teachers, teacher educators, school administrators, and industrial arts supervisors to the importance of a strong safety program, this guide provides the instructional resources for instituting safety instruction in the public schools, for the inservice training of industrial arts teachers, and for the education…

  10. Industrial Competitiveness and Policy in Viet Nam

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dinh Van An

    Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen. First of all, I would like to express my sincere thanks for the opportunity to be here and to introduce you to the view on the Vietnam economy, very small, yet emerging economy, its current industrial competitiveness and policy, and also perspectives of Vietnam's industrial competitiveness and strategies for industrial upgrading. As you know, Vietnam

  11. Educating Biotechnicians for Future Industry Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Madeline

    2008-01-01

    How to strengthen technician education to meet the needs of the biotechnology industry was the question before the 50 people who participated in the "Educating Biotechnicians for Future Industry Needs" conference from April 28 to 30 in Scottsdale, Arizona. The participants were from higher education, secondary schools, industry, government, and…

  12. Industrial Maintenance Technology. Technical Committee Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This Technical Committee Report prepared by industry representatives in Idaho lists the skills currently necessary for an employee in that state to obtain a job in industrial maintenance technology, retain a job once hired, and advance in that occupational field. (Task lists are grouped according to duty areas generally used in industry settings,…

  13. Management Skills in the Housing Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayton, Geoff; Garrick, John; Schaafsma, Hank; Fishman, Rosalie; Stone, Jacqueline

    An assessment of Australia's housing industry determined the level of management skills currently existing in the industry, identified current and future management skills required for the industry, and evaluated current management skill development strategies. Data were collected from the following activities: review of recent literature; study…

  14. Analysing The Evolution Of Industry: The Relevance Of The Telecommunications Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Fransman

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyses the fundamental forces involved in the evolution of the telecommunications industry. It is suggested that there are five major forces that together drive the evolution of this industry: specialisation, competition, financial markets. endogenous consumer demand and permeable industry boundaries. An important research task is to further elaborate on the boundaries of not only the industry but of

  15. The Negro in the Tobacco Industry. The Racial Policies of American Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northrup, Herbert R.; Ash, Robert I.

    The tobacco industry has employed Negroes since its inception in Colonial Virginia. This study is primarily concerned with the course of Negro employment and industry racial policies in the industry processing, manufacturing, selling, and distributing of cigarettes and manufactured tobacco, as distinct from the cigar industry which involves quite…

  16. MIT and the Supply Chain Logistics/Transportation Industries MIT Industry Brief

    E-print Network

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    MIT and the Supply Chain Logistics/Transportation Industries MIT Industry Brief MIT's Industrial and organizations interested in supply chain and logistics issues, as well as the transportation industries such as: · Transportation systems and Logistics · Supply Chain Management and Logistics · Computing, Communications

  17. Industrial Restructuring and the Limits of Industry Data: Examples from Western New York

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Kraushaar; Marshall M. A. Feldman

    1989-01-01

    KRAUSHAAR R. and FELDMAN M. A. (1989) Industrial restructuring and the limits of industry data: examples from Western New York. Reg. Studies23, 49–62. Economic data organized around industrial classification systems, such as the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system, are coherently used in traditional urban and regional economics because of its emphasis on product markets. In contrast, recent ‘economic restructuring’ research

  18. European Works Councils and Industrial Restructuring in the European Motor Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bob Hancke

    2000-01-01

    This article discusses the role of European Works Councils (EWCs) in industrial restructuring in the European car industry. It reviews a series of recent company agreements on local employment and investment guarantees, and concludes that the industrial relations system in the industry is increasingly marked by competition between establishments over wages and secondary working conditions. In order to explain why

  19. Applied Industrial Electronics. Sensors and Logic Systems. Oklahoma Trade and Industrial Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harwick, Jim; Siebert, Leo

    This curriculum guide, part of a series of curriculum guides dealing with industrial electricity and industrial electronics, is designed for use in teaching a course in applied industrial electronics. The first half of the guide contains units on remote sensing devices and the industrial uses of transducers. The second part of the course,…

  20. Year in Industry Scheme The Year in Industry Scheme allows you to spend

    E-print Network

    Haase, Markus

    Year in Industry Scheme The Year in Industry Scheme allows you to spend your third year in full-time paid employment, returning to the University for a final fourth year. You are awarded a BSc (Industry and generally expect to earn an annual salary of £15,000-25,000, but it can be higher. The Industrial year

  1. Year in Industry Scheme The Year in Industry Scheme allows you to spend

    E-print Network

    Haase, Markus

    Year in Industry Scheme The Year in Industry Scheme allows you to spend your third year in full not (and often will not) involve university-level mathematics. The Industrial year is assessed on a pass indicates that, when recruiting, most employers look favourably upon a year spent in industry. Highlights

  2. Structure of Cow-Calf Industry Beef production in Texas is a $7 billion industry,

    E-print Network

    Structure of Cow-Calf Industry Beef production in Texas is a $7 billion industry, topping every industry have many beef cattle operations across the state and nation seeking ways to optimize production Short Course is to bring together the top beef cattle researchers, educators and industry leaders

  3. Maryland Timber Industry:Maryland Timber Industry: An Assessment of TimberAn Assessment of Timber

    E-print Network

    Maryland Timber Industry:Maryland Timber Industry: An Assessment of TimberAn Assessment of Timber processed 47.9 million cubic feet of industrial roundwood, of which 20.8 million cubic feet was harvested from within the State. Another 8.3 million cubic feet of the industrial roundwood harvested in Maryland

  4. Glass needs for a growing photovoltaics industry

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Burrows, Keith; Fthenakis, Vasilis

    2015-01-01

    With the projected growth in photovoltaics, the demand for glass for the solar industry will far exceed the current supply, and thousands of new float-glass plants will have to be built to meet its needs over the next 20 years. Such expansion will provide an opportunity for the solar industry to obtain products better suited to their needs, such as low-iron glass and borosilicate glass at the lowest possible price. While there are no significant technological hurdles that would prevent the flat glass industry from meeting the solar industry’s projected needs, to do so will require advance planning and substantialmore »investments.« less

  5. Capital tax distortions in the petroleum industry

    SciTech Connect

    Fry, R.C. Jr.

    1985-01-01

    The existence of taxes other than capital taxes increases the total and marginal distortions associated with capital taxation. Thus, for an industry subject to these other taxes, such as the oil industry, capital taxes are more distortionary than has previously been believed. In particular, the ratio of the marginal excess burden to the marginal tax revenue associated with a capital tax in the oil industry is higher than that ratio in other industries. In fact, given plausible parameter values, it is possible for an increase in the capital tax rate in the oil industry to decrease total tax revenue. 43 references, 1 table.

  6. Directory of Tennessee's forest industries, 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-03-01

    Forests and the industries which draw upon these forests are vitally important to the economy of Tennessee. Primary forest products industries buy logs and bolts as they may come from woodlands and convert them into rough or unfinished products. These products are then remanufactured into finished form by secondary wood-processing industries. This report contains a directory of primary and secondary forest industries. The listing of primary plants will help timber owners locate possible markets for their timber products and will aid manufacturers in locating sources of rough-processed forest products. The listing of secondary forest industries will help primary plant managers find markets for their lumber and other products.

  7. Glass needs for a growing photovoltaics industry

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Burrows, Keith [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Fthenakis, Vasilis [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2015-01-01

    With the projected growth in photovoltaics, the demand for glass for the solar industry will far exceed the current supply, and thousands of new float-glass plants will have to be built to meet its needs over the next 20 years. Such expansion will provide an opportunity for the solar industry to obtain products better suited to their needs, such as low-iron glass and borosilicate glass at the lowest possible price. While there are no significant technological hurdles that would prevent the flat glass industry from meeting the solar industry’s projected needs, to do so will require advance planning and substantial investments.

  8. Industry group assails climate chapter

    SciTech Connect

    Weiss, P. [Valley Times, Pleasanton, CA (United States)

    1996-06-21

    the scientific debate about whether human activity is warming global climate subsided late last year when the world`s leading climate researchers agreed that the answer is probably yes. But recently the political debate heated up by several degrees when an industry group charged that revisions to a crucial chapter in a UN report on climate change violated peer review and amounted to scientific cleansing of doubts about human influences on climate. This article describes the controversy from both points of view - the business group and the scientists involved.

  9. Beef and pork packing industries.

    PubMed

    MacDonald, James M

    2003-07-01

    A remarkable transformation of the meatpacking industry occurred in the last 25 years. That transformation consolidated the industry into one that could deliver large volumes of meat at low costs. Slaughter plants grew much larger and realized economies of scale from their size, and operations within plants were rationalized to emphasize the delivery of a small set of consistent major products (boxed beef, cut-up pork, and by-products) to retailers, wholesalers, and other processors. Similar developments occurred in livestock feeding whereby the industry realized significant cost reductions by consolidating production in very large cattle feedlots and hog farms. Gains from scale have largely been met (absent the development of new technologies that are not yet on the horizon); therefore, we are unlikely to see similar shifts in plant sizes in the next 25 years. The major forces affecting meatpacking and livestock feeding in the near future are more likely to revolve around tighter coordination among livestock production, meatpacking, wholesaling, and retailing. Although much of the recent response to food safety concerns took the form of investments in equipment, testing, and training within meatpacking plants, packers and retailers are likely to focus more on assurance of livestock production quality and methods in the future. Such assurance can be met through vertical integration or through a greater reliance on tightly drawn contracts; producers who attempt to provide the assurance while still selling through cash markets will need to develop paper trails of testing and quality assurance that will move through the marketing chain with livestock. Similarly, because of likely increased future demand for meats of assured consumer qualities, such as organically grown products or branded meat products with very specific traits, producers will likely need to provide similar indicators of assurance throughout the marketing chain. Finally, the funding offered through federal environmental assistance programs such as the USDA's Environmental Quality Incentives Program along with related regulations governing waste management will likely lead to greater control over livestock production practices by investors, financiers, integrators, and packers through contractual design. Shifts toward tighter vertical coordination will force continuing changes in traditional ways of doing business in livestock production and in meatpacking. In turn, public policy discussions and corporate strategies in meatpacking are likely to focus continuing attention on the particulars of contract design: how to meet consumers', retailers', and regulators' requirements for quality assurance while ensuring efficient low-cost production without retarding competition in the industry. PMID:12951741

  10. A Leak Monitor for Industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    GenCorp Aerojet Industrial Products, Lewis Research Center, Marshall Space Flight Center, and Case Western Reserve University developed a gas leak detection system, originally for use with the Space Shuttle propulsion system and reusable launch vehicles. The Model HG200 Automated Gas Leak Detection System has miniaturized sensors that can identify extremely low concentrations of hydrogen without requiring oxygen. A microprocessor-based hardware/software system monitors the sensors and displays the source and magnitude of hydrogen leaks in real time. The system detects trace hydrogen around pipes, connectors, flanges and pressure tanks, and has been used by Ford Motor Company in the production of a natural gas-powered car.

  11. Liposome Technology for Industrial Purposes

    PubMed Central

    Wagner, Andreas; Vorauer-Uhl, Karola

    2011-01-01

    Liposomes, spherical vesicles consisting of one or more phospholipid bilayers, were first described in the mid 60s by Bangham and coworkers. Since then, liposomes have made their way to the market. Today, numerous lab scale but only a few large-scale techniques are available. However, a lot of these methods have serious limitations in terms of entrapment of sensitive molecules due to their exposure to mechanical and/or chemical stress. This paper summarizes exclusively scalable techniques and focuses on strengths, respectively, limitations in respect to industrial applicability. An additional point of view was taken to regulatory requirements concerning liposomal drug formulations based on FDA and EMEA documents. PMID:21490754

  12. Rheumatism in industry: a review

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, J. A. D.

    1971-01-01

    Anderson, J. A. D. (1971).Brit. J. industr. Med.,28, 103-121. Rheumatism in industry: a review. Information about causes, effects, and prevention of rheumatic disease among industrial workers lacks standardization, as shown by the literature in this field; one reason for this is that there are discrepancies about the range of diseases and syndromes which should be included under this heading. The Industrial Survey Unit of the Arthritis and Rheumatism Council defined a rheumatic complaint as musculo-skeletal pain not related to recent (i.e., within six weeks) trauma. A study by the Unit of the social and economic effects of rheumatism among 2 684 male employees from a range of manual occupations is considered in relation to the observations made by other investigators. Sickness absence (at present estimated to be about 29·8 million working days per annum in Britain) and premature retirement can be shown to result directly from rheumatic complaints, especially rheumatoid arthritis and disc disease; furthermore, there seems to be general agreement that sickness absence is more marked in heavy manual occupations than in light ones. However, the extent to which job changes ascribed to rheumatic complaints are in fact caused by them is more doubtful. Evidence supporting the view that occupational factors are related to the aetiology of some chronic rheumatic diseases is fairly strong. Chronic tenosynovitis, bursitis, osteoarthrosis, and, to a lesser extent, disc disease are among those in which such a relationship can be demonstrated; however, the reason why some men are more prone to develop these conditions than others working in similar jobs is still in doubt, suggesting that the aetiology is multifactorial. In other rheumatic diseases, notably rheumatoid arthritis, a fairly extensive study of the literature does not indicate any clear correlation between occupation and aetiology. A system of job analysis for individual workers based on effort, posture, and climatic conditions at work is suggested. Its use as an alternative to grouping employees under their occupational titles might help to clarify these points. Prevention of rheumatic disease (including the use of pre-employment medical examinations) seems impracticable at the present time, but some progress in tackling the problems of rheumatism among industrial workers might be possible by improving rehabilitative services. These improvements would depend on closer collaboration not only between government departments but among doctors themselves and between them and others working in this field. PMID:4929448

  13. Office of Industrial Technologies research in progress

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) conducts research and development activities which focus on improving energy efficiency and providing for fuel flexibility within US industry in the area of industrial conservation. The mission of OIT is to increase the utilization of existing energy-efficient equipment and to find and promote new, cost-effective ways for industrial facilities to improve their energy efficiency and minimize waste products. To ensure advancement of the technological leadership of the United States and to improve the competitiveness of American industrial products in world markets, OIT works closely with industrial partners, the staffs of the national laboratories, and universities to identify research and development needs and to solve technological challenges. This report contains summaries of the currently active projects supported by the Office of Industrial Technologies.

  14. R and D intensities in US industries

    SciTech Connect

    Fang, J.M.; Skumatz, L.A.

    1984-01-01

    Data are presented on the R and D intensities in US industries, defined to represent R and D expenditures as percentages of sales. Both company-funded and total (including federal funding) intensities are examined. The variations of the R and D intensities among industries and over time are also described. Qualitative discussions are provided on some probable causes underlying the inter-industry and temporal variations of the intensities. At the industry level, the intensity information was used to categorize the individual industries into five groups: high, above-average, average, below-average, and low intensity. Data on individual firms were also examined for the aerospace, automotive, chemical, computer and office equipment, and electronics and semiconductor industries. Although other data sources were also consulted, the study relies primarily upon two published data sources: National Science Foundation's Research and Development in Industry series and Business Week's R and D Scoreboard.

  15. AMTEX: A university, government, industry, partnership

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, L.J. [Auburn Univ., AL (United States); Cheatham, R.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Peskin, A.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1993-12-01

    The AMTEX Partnership is a research and development collaboration between the US Department of Energy (DOE), the DOE`s multiprogram laboratories, universities, and the integrated textile industry. The integrated industry includes fibers, textiles, apparel, and other fabricated products. The goal of AMTEX is to strengthen the competitiveness of this vital industry and thereby preserve and create new jobs. AMTEX is a role model for government, industry and universities working together to achieve a specified goal. Under the oversight of the Laboratory Technology Transfer Program in DOE`s Office of Energy Research, the multiprogram laboratories, universities and industry are pursuing a broad, industry-driven research agenda. It combines the research and development capabilities of industry and universities with the unique expertise and facilities of the DOE laboratory system.

  16. China's industrial sector in an international context

    SciTech Connect

    Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Martin, Nathan; Lehman, Bryan; Sinton, Jonathan

    2000-05-01

    The industrial sector accounts for 40% of global energy use. In 1995, developing countries used an estimated 48 EJ for industrial production, over one-third of world total industrial primary energy use (Price et al., 1998). Industrial output and energy use in developing countries is dominated by China, India, and Brazil. China alone accounts for about 30 EJ (National Bureau of Statistics, 1999), or about 23% of world industrial energy use. China's industrial sector is extremely energy-intensive and accounted for almost 75% of the country's total energy use in 1997. Industrial energy use in China grew an average of 6.6% per year, from 14 EJ in 1985 to 30 EJ in 1997 (Sinton et al., 1996; National Bureau of Statistics, 1999). This growth is more than three times faster than the average growth that took place in the world during the past two decades. The industrial sector can be divided into light and heavy industry, reflecting the relative energy-intensity of the manufacturing processes. In China, about 80% of the energy used in the industrial sector is consumed by heavy industry. Of this, the largest energy-consuming industries are chemicals, ferrous metals, and building materials (Sinton et al., 1996). This paper presents the results of international comparisons of production levels and energy use in six energy-intensive subsectors: iron and steel, aluminum, cement, petroleum refining, ammonia, and ethylene. The sectoral analysis results indicate that energy requirements to produce a unit of raw material in China are often higher than industrialized countries for most of the products analyzed in this paper, reflecting a significant potential to continue to improve energy efficiency in heavy industry.

  17. Pharmacogenetics and the pharmaceutical industry.

    PubMed

    Raaijmakers, Jan A M; Koster, Ellen S; Maitland-van der Zee, Anke-Hilse

    2010-01-01

    The detailed knowledge of the human genome has not fulfilled its promise as yet. It seems fair to say that we are far from treating existing diseases by therapeutic interventions developed on the basis of genetic knowledge. However, pharmacogenetics has shown to be useful in improving our understanding of pharmacotherapy. Industry is starting to embed this knowledge in the design of innovative drugs and there are three important areas of interest: safety, efficacy and target identification. Application of pharmacogenetics e.g. in patient selection are leading to the direction of more personalised medicine. The future will bring more of such applications. However, current knowledge also leads to a more integrated approach of pharmacogenetics as part of systems biology, providing an even more complete image of reality surrounding disease and therapy, including for example environmental factors and behaviour. In addition, collaborative efforts with academic partners are very much welcomed by the pharmaceutical industry and are expected to have a synergistic effect on progression in this field. PMID:20205665

  18. Carbonic anhydrases in industrial applications.

    PubMed

    González, Javier M; Fisher, S Zoë

    2014-01-01

    Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) catalyze a fundamental reaction: the reversible hydration and dehydration of carbon dioxide (CO2) and bicarbonate ([Formula: see text]), respectively. Current methods for CO2 capture and sequestration are harsh, expensive, and require prohibitively large energy inputs, effectively negating the purpose of removing CO2 from the atmosphere. Due to CA's activity on CO2 there is increasing interest in using CAs for industrial applications such as carbon sequestration and biofuel production. A lot of work in the last decade has focused on immobilizing CA onto various supports for incorporation into CO2 scrubbing applications or devices. Although the proof of principle has been validated, current CAs being tested do not withstand the harsh industrial conditions. The advent of large-scale genome sequencing projects has resulted in several emerging efforts seeking out novel CAs from a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria, micro-, and macro-algae. CAs are also being investigated for their use in medical applications, such drug delivery systems and artificial lungs. This review also looks at possible downstream uses of captured and sequestered CO2, from using it to enhance oil recovery to incorporating it into useful and financially viable products. PMID:24146390

  19. Electric industry restructuring in Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect

    Wadsworth, J.W.

    1998-07-01

    A law restructuring the electric utility industry in Massachusetts became effective on November 25, 1997. The law will break up the existing utility monopolies into separate generation, distribution and transmission entities, and it will allow non-utility generators access to the retail end user market. The law contains many compromises aimed at protecting consumers, ensuring savings, protecting employees and protecting the environment. While it appears that the legislation recognizes the sanctity of independent power producer contracts with utilities, it attempts to provide both carrots and sticks to the utilities and the IPP generators to encourage renegotiations and buy-down of the contracts. Waste-to-energy contracts are technically exempted from some of the obligations to remediate. Waste-to-energy facilities are classified as renewable energy sources which may have positive effects on the value to waste-to-energy derived power. On November 25, 1997, the law restructuring the electric utility industry in Massachusetts became effective. The law will have two primary effects: (1) break up the existing utility monopolies into separate generation, distribution and transmission entities, and (2) allow non-utility generators access to the retail end-user market.

  20. Bioremediation of industrial pharmaceutical drugs.

    PubMed

    Mansour, Hedi Ben; Mosrati, Ridha; Barillier, Daniel; Ghedira, Kamel; Chekir-Ghedira, Leila

    2012-07-01

    Recently, attention has been drawn toward the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment. In recent years, many reports have been made on the occurrence of the large, differentiated group of pharmaceuticals in wastewater (PW), surface water, ground water, and in soil. The pharmaceutical sector is currently expanding in Tunisia, with more than 34 industries. The aim of this work was to evaluate the ability of Pseudomonas putida mt-2 to treat PW. P. putida was very efficient in reducing chemical oxygen demand (COD), total dissolved solids (TDS), and turbidity of solution (85.5, 89.1, and 81.5%, respectively). Genotoxicity of effluent, before and after biodegradation, was evaluated in vivo in mouse bone marrow by assessing the percentage of cells bearing different chromosome aberrations. Results indicated that PW showed a significant ability to induce DNA damage. In addition, PW induced a remarkable lipid peroxidation (LPO) effect, however, activities of both acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) were unchanged when treated with PW, compared to nontreated PW. This toxicity was imputed to the presence of pharmaceutical compounds in wastewater. However, chromosome aberration, as well as LPO of PW, were significantly reduced after bioremediation. Thus, the use of this strain for testing on the industrial scale seems possible and advantageous. PMID:22313387

  1. Toward Reliable Industrial Radiation Thermometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamada, Y.; Ishii, J.

    2015-04-01

    Application of radiation thermometry in industrial scenes is rapidly increasing with the widespread use of low-cost infrared thermometers and thermal imagers. However, their performances are not always up to the users' expectations. This is often due to lack of appropriate information on the limitations of the instrument performance and of radiation thermometry itself. In this article, these limitations are disclosed, namely the targeting capabilities of the thermometers including the size-of-source effect of thermal imagers, reflection errors, and unknown emissivity of the measurement object. Attempts made at the NMIJ are introduced, which aim at alleviating the effect of these difficulties. Two-color radiation thermometers have been neglected from the traceability chain and from standardization efforts due to their technical complexity. Recent activities to incorporate them effectively in the calibration chain and to establish international standards are presented. Calibration of low-cost thermometers with a fixed instrumental emissivity setting has been an issue for calibration laboratories. Simple apparatus that enables calibration of such instruments is described. Methods to compensate for unknown emissivities are presented utilizing auxiliary sources to realize a blackbody condition, which is applied to thermal imagers to overcome the problem of the size-of-source effect and reflection error at the same time. Extensions of the technique to objects with specular and scattering surfaces are described. Such efforts are encouraged in the thermometry community since they are essential in establishing an unbroken chain of traceability to the industrial front.

  2. Treatment of industrial effluent water

    SciTech Connect

    Levitskii, Yu.N.

    1982-09-01

    This article reports on a thematic exhibition on ''New Developments in Treatment of Natural and Effluent Water'' in the Sanitary-Technical Construction Section at the Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy of the USSR. The exhibition acquainted visitors with the achievements of leading organizations in different branches of industry with respect to treatment of natural and industrial effluent water. The Kharkov ''Vodkanalproekt'' Institute and the Kharkov affiliate of the All-Union Scientific-Research Institute of Water and Geodesy has jointly developed a ''Polymer-25'' filter for removal of oil products from nonexplosive effluent water discharged by machine building plants. A Baku affiliate has developed a new ShFP-1 screw-type press filter for dewatering the sediments from water treatment plants as well as for sediments from chemical, food, and other types of plants. The State Institute for Applied Chemistry has designed a continuous process plant for treating effluent water and removing toxic organic waste by converting them into mineral salts with high efficiency.

  3. [Alternative oxidase in industrial fungi].

    PubMed

    Gu, Shuai; Liu, Qiang; He, Hao; Li, Shuang

    2015-01-01

    Filamentous fungi have been used in industrial fermentation extensively. Based on non-phosphorylating electron transport process, alternative respiration pathway (ARP) acts as an energy overflow, which can balance carbon metabolism and electron transport, allow the continuance of tricarboxylic acid cycle without the formation of ATP, and permit the turnover of carbon skeletons. Alternative respiration pathway also plays an important role in the stress response of fungi and the physiological function of conditioned pathogen. Alternative oxidase (AOX) is the terminal oxidase responsible for the activity of alternative respiration pathway, which exists widely in higher plants, parts of fungi and algae. Owing to the property that alternative oxidase (AOX) is sensitive to salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM) and insensitive to conventional inhibitors of cytochrome respiration, alternative respiration pathway by AOX is also named as cyanide-resistant respiration (CRR). In recent years, the study of the alternative respiration pathway and alternative oxidase has been a hot topic in the area involving cellular respiration metabolism. In this review we summarized the latest research advances about the functions of alternative respiration pathway and alternative oxidase in industrial fungi. PMID:26021078

  4. Industrial Rates and Demand-Side Management Programs 

    E-print Network

    Kasprowicz, L. M.; House, R.

    1993-01-01

    The industrial sector in Texas is large and energy intensive. Industrial sales constitute a major portion of total sales for several utilities in Texas. Industrial demand-side management (DSM) can be used by utilities to provide industrial customers...

  5. Hypercars: The next industrial revolution

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lovins, Amory B.; Barnett, John W.; Lovins, L. Hunter

    1996-01-01

    The auto industry -- one-seventh of the GNP, and the highest expression of the Iron Age -- is about to trigger the biggest transformation in industrial structure since the microchip. Ultralight cars molded from net-shape advanced composites can be several-fold lighter than present steel cars, yet safer, sportier, and more comfortable, durable, and beautiful. Modern hybrid-electric drives boost efficiency approximately 1.3-1.5x in heavy steel cars, but approximately 5-20x in ultralight, very slippery plafforms. Synergistically combined into ultralight-hybrid 'hypercars,' these elements can yield state-of-the-shelf family cars that average 150-300+ mi/gal -- twice that with state-of-the-art technologies -- yet can also be superior in all other respects, probably including cost: carbon-fiber monocoques can actually be cheaper to mass-produce that steel unibodies. Designing cars more like aircraft and less like tanks requires not only an approximately 400-500 kg curb mass and very low air and road drag, but also an aerospace philosophy of engineering integration. Mass, cost, and complexity turn out to compound with heavy hybrids but to decompound with ultralight hybrids, owing partly to radical simplification. Excellent aerodynamics, preferable including advanced techniques for passive boundary-layer control, will be the key to successful design integration. Transforming automaking is a competitive and environmental imperative, could form the nucleus of a green industrial Renaissance, and would enhance national security by, among other things, saving as much oil as OPEC now extracts. However, this transformation faces serious cultural barriers. For example, hypercars will be more like computers with wheels than like cars with chips -- they'll have an order of magnitude more code than today's cars -- but Detroit is not a software culture. Just the transition from stamped and welded steel to integrated and adhesive-joined synthetics is difficult enough. Nonetheless, hypercars are rapidly heading to market in the late 1990s, because approximately 25 current and intending automakers are eager to capture their potentially decisive competitive advantages -- including order-of-magnitude reductions in product cycle time, tooling cost, assembly effort, and parts count. Hypercars will succeed, and may well sweep the market, not because of mandates or subsidies, but because of manufacturers' quest for competitive advantage and customers' desire for better, smarter cars.

  6. Industrial tracer application in People's Republic of China

    SciTech Connect

    Maoyi, S.

    1988-01-01

    A number of important applications of radioisotopes and their compounds used as tracers in petroleum industry, metallurgical industry, mechanical industry, chemical industry, electronic industry, hydrology and water conservancy in China are introduced in this paper. The tracer technique applied to entomology is also mentioned. The industrial tracer applications are successful and beneficial in People's Republic of China from the examples given.

  7. Industry Clusters An Economic Development Strategy for Minnesota

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    Industry Clusters An Economic Development Strategy for Minnesota Preliminary Report January 1999 Project Team #12;3 Table of Contents Executive Summary 4 Defining Industry Clusters 5 WHAT ARE INDUSTRY CLUSTERS? INDUSTRY CLUSTERS IN MINNESOTA INDUSTRY CLUSTER APPROACHES IN MINNESOTA INDUSTRY CLUSTER

  8. Price incentives of industrial cogeneration

    SciTech Connect

    Maddigan, R.J.

    1980-01-01

    One of the strategies of current national energy policy is to promote the combined production of electricity and steam at industrial sites. The impact of relative electricity and fuel prices on the decision to cogenerate is examined here. The strategy of the study is to compare the costs of two firms that are identical except for the way they acquire electricity: one firm purchases electricity while the other cogenerates. Using this framework, the relationship between the elasticity of the price of electricity with respect to the price of fuel and the parameters of the production function is shown to be a key to the decision to cogenerate. Some preliminary empirical estimates of this relationship are also presented.

  9. Coal conversion products Industrial applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Warren, D.; Dunkin, J.

    1980-01-01

    The synfuels economic evaluation model was utilized to analyze cost and product economics of the TVA coal conversion facilities. It is concluded that; (1) moderate yearly future escalations ( 6%) in current natural gas prices will result in medium-Btu gas becoming competitive with natural gas at the plant boundary; (2) utilizing DRI price projections, the alternate synfuel products, except for electricity, will be competitive with their counterparts; (3) central site fuel cell generation of electricity, utilizing MBG, is economically less attractive than the other synthetic fuels, given projected price rises in electricity produced by other means; and (4) because of estimated northern Alabama synfuels market demands, existing conventional fuels, infrastructure and industrial synfuels retrofit problems, a diversity of transportable synfuels products should be produced by the conversion facility.

  10. Oklahoma Space Industry Development Authority

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-12-01

    The purpose of this grant was to increase the awareness of students of space sciences and commerce through experimentation. This objective was carried out through the award and administration, by OSIDA, the Oklahoma Space Industry Development Authority, of eleven smaller grants to fund thirteen projects at schools determined by competitive application. Applications were graded on potential outreach, experimentation objectives and impact on students' awareness of space sciences. We chose projects from elementary, middle and high schools as well as colleges that would encourage students through research and experimentation to consider education and careers in related disciplines. Each organization did not receive an equal share of the grant; instead, OSIDA distributed the money to each project based on the organization's need. A copy of the dispersement record is enclosed with this final grant report. The projects covered topics such as: space colonization, space stations, constellations, model rocketry, and space commerce.

  11. Laser Microfabrication in Electronics Industry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Washio, Kunihiko

    This paper presents an overview on the states of arts of laser macrofabrication in electronics industry. Various kinds of lasers and material processing technologies have been developed and applied for manufacturing electronic components and devices to meet the strong demands for high-performance, lightweight, low energy-consumption mobile digital consumer electronics, broadband optical fiber communications, etc. This paper emphasizes solid-state lasers as convenient and versatile light sources for manufacturing advanced compact components and devices with sensitive passive or active subcomponents having small feature sizes. Some of the representative material processing applications using advanced lasers for electronic components are, opaque and clear defects repairing of LCDs, trimming of chip-resistors and functional modules, laser patterning of amorphous solar-cells, forming of various micro-vias for high-density interconnection circuits, microadjustment of reed switches, and high-precision laser welding of electronic components such as optical modules, miniature relays and lithium ion batteries.

  12. Fountains in Industry and Nature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hunt, G. R.; Burridge, H. C.

    2015-01-01

    Turbulent fountains arise when a localized flow, free to entrain fluid from its surroundings, is opposed by a buoyancy force. This review cites numerous examples to highlight their wide occurrence in nature and in industry. The breadth of the literature reviewed is significant, drawing from over half a century of progress, and we initially focus on axisymmetric, small–density difference fountains in uniform environments. Many aspects of their rich dynamical behavior, including that of their rise heights and fluctuations in height, are described and encapsulated within the fountain classification presented. Drawing from detailed experimental data sets, dimensional considerations, recent numerical studies, and numerous successful extensions to the original theoretical model for a fountain, we implicitly highlight the current predictive capability offered. The turbulent entrainment of ambient fluid, the effects of environmental stratification, and the role of confinement on a fountain are all discussed. Finally, we suggest future avenues of research.

  13. Manufacturing Simulation For Industrial Projects

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nutter, Paul

    Manufacturing simulation is a major component of the technology program at this university, and has provided opportunities for numerous industrial projects. This software application is being used extensively by many major corporations to model, analyze, and optimize complex manufacturing operations, including Boeing, Lockheed-Martin, Daimler-Chrysler and Toyota.Companies are utilizing these advanced 3D digital manufacturing tools as a component of their product life-cycle management to optimize and continuously improve the manufacturing processes. In many cases simulations are mandatory prior to implementation of any significant new operation, project or process. Manufacturing technologists and engineers need to be familiar with these modern tools and their applications, and to understand when and how to effectively utilize them. At our university these applications are being taught under the title of virtual simulation (VS). This paper explains how VS has been integrated into our curriculum, and has been used to establish effective partnerships with major manufacturing companies

  14. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Education in the industrial arts and allied fields has been a common staple of high school and vocational college programs for well over a century. For those persons teaching in these types of fields (or for those who study the field itself), discovering one of the premier journals in this area online will be a real treat. Access to the journal is provided by the Digital Library & Archives at the University of Vermont Library, and visitors can peruse previous issues all the way back to 1994. Visitors will be glad to know that recent articles run the gamut from topics that include the debates over whether teaching is an art or a science and how professors can integrate needs assessment into the technical education curriculum.

  15. Laser engraving in gravure industry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hennig, Guido; Selbmann, Karl-Heinz; Brockelt, Andreas

    2006-12-01

    Digital imaging methods like Computer to Plate (CTP) solutions are progressive technologies to improve the quality and efficiency of prepress and printing workflows. In this environment the application of lasers for print form fabrication plays an increasingly important role because of the high machining rate, the high spatial resolution, the achievable high energy densities by fine focusing and the ability of digital modulation. This paper gives an overview of our laser based processes in flexography and gravure with a focus on the precise micro structuring of gravure print forms by direct laser ablation. Direct laser engraving into metallic cylinders is performed with a high power Q-switched Nd:YAG laser system at 70 kHz repetition rate tuned for high reproducibility and stability of the mean pulse energy (?2 < 0.8%). An exact modulation technique allows fast variation and precise calibration of the energy of each single laser pulse as well as active modulation of the intensity profile of the beam. This method permits to engrave with each single laser pulse a complete cell and to define diameter and depth of each cell (the aspect ratio and the cell shape) independently and freely from pulse to pulse at a rate of 70 kHz, controlled by digital image data. Thus the cell shape can be optimized for the best ink transfer characteristic on different print substrates. Future developments in gravure industry and the requirements on fiber lasers and ultra short pulse lasers for an efficient industrial engraving process of print cylinders are discussed.

  16. Biodiversity and industry ecosystem management

    SciTech Connect

    Coleman, W.G. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1996-11-01

    Biodiversity describes the array of interacting, genetically distinct populations and species in a region, the communities they are functioning parts. Ecosystem health is a process identifying biological indicators, end points, and values. The decline of populations or species, an accelerating trend worldwide, can lead to simplification of ecosystem processes, thus threatening the stability an sustainability of ecosystem services directly relevant to human welfare in the chain of economic and ecological relationships. The challenge of addressing issues of such enormous scope and complexity has highlighted the limitations of ecology-as-science. Additionally, biosphere-scale conflicts seem to lie beyond the scope of conventional economics, leading to differences of opinion about the commodity value of biodiversity and of the services that intact ecosystems provide. In the fact of these uncertainties, many scientists and economists have adopted principles that clearly assign burdens of proof to those who would promote the loss of biodiversity and that also establish {open_quotes}near-trump{close_quotes} (preeminent) status for ecological integrity. Electric utility facilities and operations impact biodiversity whenever construction, operation, or maintenance of generation, delivery, and support facilities alters landscapes and habitats and thereby impacts species. Although industry is accustomed to dealing with broad environmental concerns (such as global warming or acid rain), the biodiversity issue invokes hemisphere-side, regional, local, and site-specific concerns all at the same time. Industry can proactively address these issues of scope and scale in two main ways: first, by aligning strategically with the broad research agenda put forth by informed scientists and institutions; and second, by supporting focused management processes whose results will contribute incrementally to the broader agenda of rebuilding or maintaining biodiversity. 40 refs., 8 figs.

  17. An Industrial Hygienist Looks at Porn.

    PubMed

    Gold, Deborah

    2015-08-01

    Deborah Gold, MPH, CIH, is the former Deputy Chief for Health of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health (aka Cal/OSHA) within the California Department of Industrial Relations. During her tenure in that position, and in her previous positions with the agency as a Senior Industrial Hygienist and Senior Safety Engineer she was involved with enforcement actions, and regulatory development concerning the California adult film industry. The opinions expressed are not intended to represent the views of the agency. PMID:26024061

  18. Industrial laser use expanding in the USSR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Velikhov, Y. P.

    1985-04-01

    The effect of lasers on industrial procedures and the economy is discussed. Some applications of lasers in industry which are considered are laser thermal technology, laser control of industrial processes and large scale chemical production. Lasers are applied in such fields as biology, environmental protection, construction and irrigation works, communications, computer technology, printing and image recording and processing. Lasers also have applications toward the problem of controlling thermonuclear reactions. Objectives of laser application studies are outlined.

  19. Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation

    E-print Network

    You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

    ENERGY CONSERVATION IN CHINA NORTH INDUSTRIES CORPORATION Wang Tian You, Chen Hua De, Jing Xing Chu, Ling Rui Fu, China North Industries Corporation Beijing, People's Republic of China ABSTRACT This paper describes an overview of the energy... conservation in China North Industries Corporation. It shows how the corporation improves energy effi ciencies and how it changes constitution of fuel-- converting oil consumption to coal. Energy management organization, energy balance in plants...

  20. PAH emission from various industrial stacks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hsi-Hsien Yang; Wen-Jhy Lee; Shui-Jen Chen; Soon-Onn Lai

    1998-01-01

    The emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from various industrial stacks (blast furnace, basic oxygen furnace, coke oven, electric arc furnace, heavy oil plant, power plant and cement plant) in southern Taiwan were investigated. PAH concentrations (?g\\/N m3) and PAH emission factors (?g\\/kg feedstock) were determined. In addition to these eight stationary industrial stacks, an industrial waste incinerator, a diesel