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1

The evolution of the US ESCO industry: From ESCO to SuperESCO  

SciTech Connect

As the restructuring of the U.S. electric utility industry proceeds, utility companies are expected to be either competing or partnering with Super ESCOs to provide energy-efficiency services and energy to utility customers. In this paper, Super ESCOs and utilities were interviewed to see how these organizations are currently interacting and planning to interact in the future. As part of this investigation, the types of products and services Super ESCOs will be providing in the future and how utility restructuring will affect their business were examined.

Vine, E.; Nakagami, Hidetoshi; Murakoshi, Chiharu

1998-10-01

2

Market trends in the U.S. ESCO industry: Results from the NAESCO database project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Energy Services Company (ESCO) industry is often cited as the most successful model for the private sector delivery of energy-efficiency services. This study documents actual performance of the ESCO industry in order to provide policymakers and i...

C. A. Goldman J. G. Osborn N. C. Hopper T. E. Singer

2002-01-01

3

Survey of the U.S. ESCO Industry: Market Growth and Development from 2008 to 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this study, LBNL analyzes the current size of the Energy Service Company (ESCO) industry, industry growth projections to 2011, and market trends in order to provide policymakers with a more indepth understanding of energy efficiency activity among priv...

A. Satchwell C. Goldman D. Gilligan P. Larsen T. Singer

2010-01-01

4

Market trends in the U.S. ESCO industry: Results from the NAESCO database project  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Energy Services Company (ESCO) industry is often cited as the most successful model for the private sector delivery of energy-efficiency services. This study documents actual performance of the ESCO industry in order to provide policymakers and investors with objective information and customers with a resource for benchmarking proposed projects relative to industry performance. We have assembled a database of nearly 1500 case studies of energy-efficiency projects-the most comprehensive data set of the U.S. ESCO industry available. These projects include $2.55B of work completed by 51 ESCOs and span much of the history of this industry. We estimate that the ESCO industry completed $1.8-2.1B of projects in 2000. The industry has grown rapidly over the last decade with revenues increasing at a 24% annualized rate. We summarize and compare project characteristics and costs and analyze energy savings, including the relationship between predicted and actual savings. ESCOs typically invested about $2.30/ft{sup 2} per project in various energy efficiency improvements, although there is large variation in project costs within and across market segments. We find that lighting-only projects report median electricity savings of 47% of targeted equipment consumption; the median for lighting-&-non-lighting projects is 23% of the total electric bill baseline. We examine project economics, including project net benefits, benefit/cost ratio and simple payback time. Median simple payback time is seven years for institutional sector projects and three years in the private sector. We estimate direct economic benefits of $1.62 billion for the 1080 projects in our database with both cost and savings data. The median benefit/cost ratio is 2.1 for 309 private sector projects and 1.6 for 771 institutional sector projects. We discuss the role of policies and programs adopted by state/federal legislatures and agencies that have played an important role in stimulating ESCO activity in various markets. Finally, we estimate the overall size and growth of the energy-efficiency services industry over the last ten years based on a survey of 63 ESCOs.

Goldman, Charles A.; Osborn, Julie G.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Singer, Terry E.

2002-05-01

5

Review of U.S. ESCO industry market trends: An empirical analysis of project data  

SciTech Connect

This article summarizes a comprehensive empirical analysis of U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) industry trends and performance. We employ two parallel analytical approaches: a comprehensive survey of firms to estimate total industry size and a database of {approx}1500 ESCO projects, from which we report target markets and typical project characteristics, energy savings and customer economics. We estimate that industry investment for energy-efficiency related services reached US $2 billion in 2000 following a decade of strong growth. ESCO activity is concentrated in states with high economic activity and strong policy support. Typical projects save 150-200 MJ/m2/year and are cost-effective with median benefit/cost ratios of 1.6 and 2.1 for institutional and private sector projects. The median simple payback time is 7 years among institutional customers; 3 years is typical in the private sector. Reliance on DSM incentives has decreased since 1995. Preliminary evidence suggests that state enabling policies have boosted the industry in medium-sized states. ESCOs have proven resilient in the face of restructuring and will probably shift toward selling ''energy solutions,'' with energy efficiency part of a package. We conclude that a private sector energy-efficiency services industry that targets large commercial and industrial customers is viable and self-sustaining with appropriate policy support both financial and non-financial.

Goldman, Charles A.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Osborn, Julie G.; Singer, Terry E.

2003-03-01

6

ESCO market and industry trends: Updated results from the NAESCO database project  

SciTech Connect

Today's U.S. energy efficiency services industry is one of the most successful examples of private sector energy efficiency services in the world, yet little empirical information is available on the actual market activity of this industry. LBNL, together with the National Association of Energy Services Companies (NAESCO), has compiled the most comprehensive dataset of the energy efficiency services industry: nearly 1,500 case studies of energy efficiency projects. Our analysis of these projects helps shed light on some of the conventional wisdom regarding industry performance and evolution. We report key statistics about typical projects and industry trends that will aid state, federal, and international policymakers, and other investors interested in the development of a private sector energy efficiency services industry.

Osborn, Julie G.; Goldman, Charles A.; Hopper, Nicole C.

2001-10-15

7

International ESCO business opportunities and challenges: a Japanese case study  

SciTech Connect

Recently, US energy service companies (ESCOs) have begun to actively explore markets outside the US. Despite the needs of many countries for ESCO involvement, ESCOs face many challenges (i.e., marketing, financial, institutional, political and cultural barriers). Consequently, most of these firms pursue international project opportunities very selectively due to the costs and risks associated with project development. Despite these barriers, some ESCOs view international work as a strategic expansion of their business, assuming that there will be adequate business in the future to repay them for their initial investment. In this paper, the authors present the findings from a recently completed study on the proposed development of an ESCO industry in Japan. The study was based on four sources of information: (1) a review of the published and unpublished literature on ESCOs; (2) interviews with 26 ESCOs in the US, the US Department of Energy, and the National Association of Energy Service Companies (NAESCO); (3) ESCO presentations at the October 1996 NAESCO meeting; and (4) informal discussions with ESCO experts in the US. They believe that the lessons learned in this study can be transferred or applied to other countries interested in developing an ESCO industry. While energy prices have remained relatively stable over the last several years in Japan and energy capacity is not perceived as a near-term problem, other ``market drivers`` necessary for the emergence of a successful and vibrant ESCO industry exist in Japan. Despite the presence of these market drivers, significant barriers to the successful development of an ESCO industry exist in Japan.

Vine, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.; Murakoshi, C. [Jyukankyo Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan)

1997-10-01

8

Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: ComparingPrograms, Practices and Prformance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry's history, public and institutional sector customers have provided the greatest opportunities for ESCOs to develop projects. Generally speaking, these facilities are large, possess aging infrastructure, and have limited capital budgets for improvements. The convergence of these factors with strong enabling policy support makes performance contracting an attractive and viable option for these

Nicole Hopper; Charles Goldman; Jennifer McWilliams; Dave Birr; Kate Stoughton McMordie

2005-01-01

9

International ESCO business opportunities and challenges: a Japanese case study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recently, US energy service companies (ESCOs) have begun to actively explore markets outside the US. Despite the needs of many countries for ESCO involvement, ESCOs face many challenges (i.e., marketing, financial, institutional, political and cultural ba...

E. Vine C. Murakoshi

1997-01-01

10

A Guide to Performance Contracting with ESCOs  

SciTech Connect

An energy services company (ESCO) can identify energy improvements, provide the capital required and installs improvements, offers turn-key installation services, and guarantees energy savings. Companies pay the ESCO back over a period of years from the energy cost savings generated from the project. Hiring an ESCO is a proven strategy for identifying and implementing energy saving capital improvements, while managing risks inherent in such projects. ESCOs can provide a range of services, from an energy audit to a third-party financed turn-key project with a comprehensive set of measures and guaranteed energy savings. Their specialty is the performance contract that shifts some of the project's performance risk to the ESCO in exchange for allowing the ESCO to capture a share of the savings. Key benefits to working with ESCOs include improved building performance, options for project financing and risk management, and access to expertise, new equipment and training with little to no upfront cost. Performance contracts can apply to an individual building, campuses, or whole portfolios. This guide describes the benefits offered by ESCOs and the things to consider when selecting and contracting with your provider. ESCOs have long served government markets. Performance contracting can be an effective investment approach for the private sector as well.

Baechler, Michael C.

2011-09-01

11

Guide to Performance Contracting with ESCOs. Building Technologies Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A performance contract allows you to improve the energy performance of your building by partnering with an energy services company (ESCO) to enhance building operations and save energy. An ESCO is a company that identifies energy improvements, provides th...

2011-01-01

12

Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: ComparingPrograms, Practices and Prformance  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry's history, public and institutional sector customers have provided the greatest opportunities for ESCOs to develop projects. Generally speaking, these facilities are large, possess aging infrastructure, and have limited capital budgets for improvements. The convergence of these factors with strong enabling policy support makes performance contracting an attractive and viable option for these customers. Yet despite these shared characteristics and drivers, there is surprising variety of experience among public/institutional customers and projects. This collaborative study examines the public/institutional markets in detail by comparing the overarching models and project performance in the federal government and the ''MUSH'' markets municipal agencies (state/local government), universities/colleges, K-12 schools,and hospitals that have traditionally played host to much of the ESCO industry's activity. Results are drawn from a database of 1634 completed projects held in partnership by the National Association of Energy Services Companies and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (the NAESCO/LBNL database), including 129 federal Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) provided by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) (Strajnic and Nealon 2003). Project data results are supplemented by interviews with ESCOs.

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; McWilliams, Jennifer; Birr,Dave; Stoughton McMordie, Kate

2005-03-01

13

Role of gas cooling in tomorrow`s energy services industry  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the marketing approach and opportunities for suppliers and manufacturers of gas cooling equipment to partner with energy service companies (ESCOs). The author`s viewpoint is that in educating and partnering with ESCOs the gas cooling industry enables their technology to reach its potential in the projects that the ESCOs develop.

Hughes, P.J.

1997-04-01

14

Esco2 is a novel corepressor that associates with various chromatin modifying enzymes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurate chromosome segregation during cell division requires that sister chromatids are kept together by cohesin complex until anaphase, when the chromatids separate and distribute to the two daughter cells. Esco2 is an acetyltransferase that is required for the establishment of sister chromatid cohesion during S phase. Here, we report that Esco2 interacts with several component proteins of the CoREST complex,

Beom-Jun Kim; Kyung-Min Kang; Sung Yun Jung; Hyun-Kyung Choi; Jong-Hun Seo; Ji-Hye Chae; Eun-Jung Cho; Hong-Duk Youn; Jun Qin; Seong-Tae Kim

2008-01-01

15

The federal market for ESCO services: How does it measure up?  

SciTech Connect

The federal market has been a source of strong energy service company (ESCO) industry growth over the last decade as traditional MUSH markets municipal/state governments, universities, schools and hospitals have matured. Federal alternative financing programs Utility Energy Services Contracts (UESC) and Department of Energy (DOE) Super, Army and Air Force Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) have enabled this growth, but recent events threaten the ESPC programs. We compare the federal and MUSH markets by analyzing {approx} ;1550 completed projects and interviewing ESCO representatives. Federal ESPC market activity is estimated at {approx} ;$1.6 billion (B) over 10-15 years; activity in 2002 was {approx} ;$230 million (M). MUSH markets have produced {approx} ; $12-16B in projects over 20 years, and {approx} ;$0.8-1.0B in 2002. Federal sector projects have longer average contract terms than MUSH (14 vs. 9.5 years respectively). Federal projects are larger (median costs are $1.85M vs. $0.98M for MUSH), but costs per square foot are lower (median costs are $2.08/ft2 vs. $2.93/ft2 for MUSH), and annual energy savings are higher (18 vs. 14 kBtu/ft2). Non-energy savings are more often counted in federal projects (58 percent vs. 35 percent of MUSH projects) but when counted represent a higher proportion of savings in MUSH projects. Median payback times in the federal market are shorter than MUSH (7.7 vs. 8.8 years) and calculated net economic benefits of 214 federal projects amount to {approx} ;$550M, compared to {approx} ;$1.2B for 965 MUSH projects.

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Birr, Dave

2004-05-17

16

ESCOE Engineering Program. Quarterly Report, June 1, 1977--August 31, 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Planning and recruiting efforts for the Engineering Societies Commission on Energy, Inc. (ESCOE)/ERDA engineering program are reported. This is an undertaking by five founder engineering societies and involves the establishment of administrative and profe...

R. F. Hill

1977-01-01

17

ESCOE (Engineering Societies Commission on Energy) Engineering Program. Quarterly Report, October 1-December 31, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Flow-rate and analytical measurement problems at the Wilsonville plant have made it difficult to construct accurate material and elemental balances in the ITSL operations, especially in Run 242 which was completed in January 1983. ESCOE's effort, therefor...

1984-01-01

18

ESCOE Engineering Program. Quarterly report, July 1, 1984-September 30, 1984  

SciTech Connect

The ESCOE program has involved: (1) data base management for coal liquefaction technology, including computer programs and mass balance studies, and also involving the two stage liquefaction process; (2) in the area of coal preparation, they are comparing the TRW Gravimelt process, the G.E. Microwave process and the JPL Chlorinolysis process; (3) the combustion technology data base; and (4) coal petrography. Generally, ESCOE assists US DOE in technology assessment and evaluation. (LTN)

Ksander, Y.

1984-10-01

19

Localization and Regulation of Murine Esco2 During Male and Female Meiosis1  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Meiosis is essential for generation of healthy gametes in both sexes and involves recombination and segregation of homologous chromosomes to produce haploid gametes. The initiation of meiosis in both sexes relies upon retinoic acid (RA) (Griswold MD, Hogarth CA, Bowles J, Koopman P. Initiating Meiosis: The Case for Retinoic Acid. Biol Reprod 2012; 86(35):1–7). Previous studies have demonstrated that the stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (Stra8) was required for meiotic progression in both the mouse ovary and postnatal testis. To identify additional candidates that may play a role during meiosis, we used microarray databases to generate lists of transcripts with expression profiles similar to that of Stra8 in the embryonic ovary and postnatal testis. One such gene, establishment of cohesion 1 homolog 2 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) (Esco2), has been described as a regulator of sister chromatid cohesion during mitosis. This study describes the first in-depth analysis of ESCO2 localization and regulation during meiosis in both males and females. ESCO2 colocalized with the gamma H2A histone family member X (H2AFX) in pachytene spermatocytes, indicating that ESCO2 is a component of the XY body. In pachytene cells of the embryonic ovary, ESCO2 colocalized with H2AFX, which is consistent with the presence of ESCO2 in areas of double-stranded breaks. In addition, the expression of Esco2 was found to be regulated by RA in the postnatal testis. These data indicate that ESCO2 may play a vital role in meiosis in both males and females.

Evans, Elizabeth B.; Hogarth, Cathryn; Evanoff, Ryan M.; Mitchell, Debra; Small, Christopher; Griswold, Michael D.

2012-01-01

20

Industry  

SciTech Connect

This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of industrial mitigation for sustainable development is discussed in Section 7.7. Section 7.8 discusses the sector's vulnerability to climate change and options for adaptation. A number of policies have been designed either to encourage voluntary GHG emission reductions from the industrial sector or to mandate such reductions. Section 7.9 describes these policies and the experience gained to date. Co-benefits of reducing GHG emissions from the industrial sector are discussed in Section 7.10. Development of new technology is key to the cost-effective control of industrial GHG emissions. Section 7.11 discusses research, development, deployment and diffusion in the industrial sector and Section 7.12, the long-term (post-2030) technologies for GHG emissions reduction from the industrial sector. Section 7.13 summarizes gaps in knowledge.

Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

2007-12-01

21

The Roberts syndrome: a case report of an infant with valvular aortic stenosis and mutation in ESCO2.  

PubMed

Roberts syndrome, which is inherited as an autosomal recessive group of disorders, is a rare syndrome characterized with symmetrical extremity defects, craniofacial abnormalities, and prenatal and postnatal growth retardation. Here, we present a case of Roberts Syndrome brought to the clinic with diarrhoea and multiple abnormalities, that had tetra phocomelia, growth and developmental retardation, abnormality of complete cleft lip-palate accompanied with Aortic stenosis and PDA, and in which cytogenetic analysis identified premature centromere separation. Mutation analysis of ESCO2 revealed a splice site mutation [c.1131+1G>A] in intron 6 in homozygous status in the patient and heterozygous status in the parents. Our case is the first Robert- Syndrome with valvular aortic stenosis in the literature, to the best of our knowledge. PMID:24864645

Dogan, Mustafa; Firinci, Fatih; Balci, Yasemin Isik; Zeybek, Selcan; Ozgürler, Funda; Erdogan, Ilkay; Varan, Birgül; Semerci, Cavidan Nur

2014-04-01

22

Sequencing of Candidate Chromosome Instability Genes in Endometrial Cancers Reveals Somatic Mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A  

PubMed Central

Most endometrial cancers can be classified histologically as endometrioid, serous, or clear cell. Non-endometrioid endometrial cancers (NEECs; serous and clear cell) are the most clinically aggressive of the three major histotypes and are characterized by aneuploidy, a feature of chromosome instability. The genetic alterations that underlie chromosome instability in endometrial cancer are poorly understood. In the present study, we used Sanger sequencing to search for nucleotide variants in the coding exons and splice junctions of 21 candidate chromosome instability genes, including 19 genes implicated in sister chromatid cohesion, from 24 primary, microsatellite-stable NEECs. Somatic mutations were verified by sequencing matched normal DNAs. We subsequently resequenced mutated genes from 41 additional NEECs as well as 42 endometrioid ECs (EECs). We uncovered nonsynonymous somatic mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A in, respectively, 3.7% (4 of 107), 1.9% (2 of 107), and 1.9% (2 of 107) of endometrial tumors. Overall, 7.7% (5 of 65) of NEECs and 2.4% (1 of 42) of EECs had somatically mutated one or more of the three genes. A subset of mutations are predicted to impact protein function. The co-occurrence of somatic mutations in ESCO1 and CHTF18 was statistically significant (P?=?0.0011, two-tailed Fisher's exact test). This is the first report of somatic mutations within ESCO1 and CHTF18 in endometrial tumors and of MRE11A mutations in microsatellite-stable endometrial tumors. Our findings warrant future studies to determine whether these mutations are driver events that contribute to the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer.

Price, Jessica C.; Pollock, Lana M.; Rudd, Meghan L.; Fogoros, Sarah K.; Mohamed, Hassan; Hanigan, Christin L.; Le Gallo, Matthieu; Program, NIH Intramural Sequencing Center (NISC) Comparative Sequencing; Zhang, Suiyuan; Cruz, Pedro; Cherukuri, Praveen F.; Hansen, Nancy F.; McManus, Kirk J.; Godwin, Andrew K.; Sgroi, Dennis C.; Mullikin, James C.; Merino, Maria J.; Hieter, Philip; Bell, Daphne W.

2013-01-01

23

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An overview of the industrial diamond industry is provided. More than 90 percent of the industrial diamond consumed in the U.S. and the rest of the world is manufactured diamond. Ireland, Japan, Russia, and the U.S. produce 75 percent of the global industrial diamond output. In 2000, the U.S. was the largest market for industrial diamond. Industrial diamond applications, prices for industrial diamonds, imports and exports of industrial diamonds, the National Defense Stockpile of industrial diamonds, and the outlook for the industrial diamond market are discussed.

Olson, D. W.

2001-01-01

24

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Statistics on the production, consumption, cost, trade, and government stockpile of natural and synthetic industrial diamond are provided. The outlook for the industrial diamond market is also considered.

Olson, D. W.

2003-01-01

25

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of the 1999 Industrial Minerals Review. A review of the state of the global industrial diamond industry in 1999 is presented. World consumption of industrial diamond has increased annually in recent years, with an estimated 500 million carats valued between $650 million and $800 million consumed in 1999. In 1999, the U.S. was the world's largest market for industrial diamond and was also one of the world's main producers; the others were Ireland, Russia, and South Africa. Uses of industrial diamonds are discussed, and prices of natural and synthetic industrial diamond are reported.

Olson, D. W.

2000-01-01

26

Industry Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A service of b2bScene.com, BusinessWeb offers an impressive collection of news and resources across several industries. The main page contains a list of headlines linking to news briefs from a variety of sources. The site also features industry-related new coverage in eleven industries including chemicals, media, and insurance. Each industry is given its own page, with a searchable compilation of news and information, as well as links, events, news groups, and companies from industry sub-sections. For those interested in one of the industries coved by BusinessWeb, this site offers a concise way to discover news and information.

27

Electronics Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The electronics industry, led by the semiconductor sector, helped trigger one of the most significant economic, military, and social transformations since the Industrial Revolution, and there is every sign the tremendous rate of technological change will ...

D. Donovan J. Fisher M. Carroll-Garrison P. Guemmer R. Bell

2006-01-01

28

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of the 2003 industrial minerals review. Supply and demand data for industrial diamond are provided. Topics discussed are consumption, prices, imports and exports, government stockpiles, and the outlook for 2004.

Olson, D. W.

2004-01-01

29

Aircraft Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aircraft industry plays a critical role in today's global economy. Comprising a wide array of firms supplying various products and services to a diverse and dynamic customer base, this industry represents a compelling case study from three distinct pe...

B. Braley D. Bereda F. M. Al Garni J. Bojarski J. Spicer

2007-01-01

30

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Estimated 2011 world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.45 billion carats. During 2011, natural industrial diamonds were produced in more than 20 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond was produced in at least 13 countries. About 98 percent of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in China, Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States. China is the world's leading producer of synthetic industrial diamond followed by Russia and the United States.

Olson, D. W.

2012-01-01

31

Education Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The US has moved from an agrarian to a post-industrial society, presenting multiple crossroads to the US education industry. How the industry deals with three strategic themes of accountability, quality, and cost during the next few years will determine t...

A. Docherty C. R. Anthony D. Cafarelli D. J. Day K. A. Baran

2007-01-01

32

Industrial Microbiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the field of industrial microbiology, providing historical backgrounds of scientific discoveries in the field and descriptions of industrially important microorganisms. Applied research in industry is also detailed, with mention of gene amplification, DNA recombination, pharmaceutical approaches, and detoxification and…

Demain, Arnold L.; Solomon, Nadine A.

1981-01-01

33

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2005, estimated world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was 630 million carats. Natural industrial diamond deposits were found in more than 35 countries. Synthetic industrial diamond is produced in at least 15 countries. More than 81% of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States.

Olson, D. W.

2006-01-01

34

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Estimated world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.44 billion carats in 2010. Natural industrial diamond deposits have been found in more than 35 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond is produced in at least 15 countries.

Olson, D. W.

2011-01-01

35

Industrial ecology.  

PubMed

Industrial ecology addresses issues that will impact future production, use, and disposal technologies; proper use of the concept should reduce significantly the resources devoted to potential remediation in the future. This cradle-to-reincarnation production philosophy includes industrial processes that are environmentally sound and products that are environmentally safe during use and economically recyclable after use without adverse impact on the environment or on the net cost to society. This will require an industry-university-government round table to set the strategy and agenda for progress. PMID:11607254

Patel, C K

1992-02-01

36

Industry Collaborations  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Home | Investigator Resources | Protocol Development | Initiatives/Programs/Collaborations | Links to More Resources | Funding Opportunities | About CTEP Home | Sitemap | Contact CTEP Search this site Industry Collaborations Guidelines

37

Industry Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains links to information about different industry projects throughout the world. Information provided includes history of each mine, mining methods, processing and recovery methods, environmental topics, geology and reserves, production and costs, and mine layout and design.

2008-10-07

38

Industrial Lubricants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

'Industrial lubricant' gaseous, liquid and solid products cover many applications. A new systems analysis approach is used combining heterogeneous catalysis and tribochemistry. Bearing lubricant applications are discussed in terms of the bearing film thickness and tribological regimes, for liquid and solid lubricants. Compressor and vacuum pump lubricant applications are described. The various classes of hydraulic fluids for industrial applications are explained. The properties, applications and selection of various industrial lubricants for different gears are described. Steam and industrial gas turbine lubricant formulations are discussed and the effects of their degradation products, particularly for valves and filters, are presented. Metalworking lubricant applications are divided into cutting and forming operations and their actions are described. Speciality applications such as process, textile, food-grade, slideway, cylinder and wire rope lubricants are explained.

Kajdas, C.; Karpi?ska, A.; Kulczycki, A.

39

INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER  

EPA Science Inventory

This document contains: federal legislation, NRDC consent degree, regulations, the research program, and the different treatments used for petrochemistry, pesticides, inorganic chemicals, batteries, metal finishing, iron and steel, electric power, textiles and leather industries....

40

Industrial Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial Organization: Markets and Strategies provides an up-to-date account of modern industrial organization that blends theory with real-world applications. Written in a clear and accessible style, it acquaints the reader with the most important models for understanding strategies chosen by firms with market power and shows how such firms adapt to different market environments. It covers a wide range of

Paul Belleflamme; Martin Peitz

1932-01-01

41

Industrial Lubricants  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a ‘Industrial lubricant’ gaseous, liquid and solid products cover many applications. A new systems analysis approach is used\\u000a combining heterogeneous catalysis and tribochemistry. Bearing lubricant applications are discussed in terms of the bearing\\u000a film thickness and tribological regimes, for liquid and solid lubricants. Compressor and vacuum pump lubricant applications\\u000a are described. The various classes of hydraulic fluids for industrial applications are

C. Kajdas; A. Karpinska; A. Kulczycki

2010-01-01

42

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Estimated 2012 world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.45 billion carats. During 2012, natural industrial diamonds were produced in at least 20 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond was produced in at least 12 countries. About 99 percent of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in Belarus, China, Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States. During 2012, China was the world’s leading producer of synthetic industrial diamond followed by the United States and Russia. In 2012, the two U.S. synthetic producers, one in Pennsylvania and the other in Ohio, had an estimated output of 103 million carats, valued at about $70.6 million. This was an estimated 43.7 million carats of synthetic diamond bort, grit, and dust and powder with a value of $14.5 million combined with an estimated 59.7 million carats of synthetic diamond stone with a value of $56.1 million. Also in 2012, nine U.S. firms manufactured polycrystalline diamond (PCD) from synthetic diamond grit and powder. The United States government does not collect or maintain data for either domestic PCD producers or domestic chemical vapor deposition (CVD) diamond producers for quantity or value of annual production. Current trade and consumption quantity data are not available for PCD or for CVD diamond. For these reasons, PCD and CVD diamond are not included in the industrial diamond quantitative data reported here.

Olson, D. W.

2013-01-01

43

Industrial Energy Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Abstracts of worldwide information on all aspects of industrial efficiency, including alternate advanced industrial cogeneration, biocatalysis, ceramics, combustion, industrial energy efficiency, industrial waste, materials, materials processing, municipa...

1992-01-01

44

Chemistry & Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemistry and Industry Magazine, a bimonthly product of the Society of Chemical Industry, provides selected full-text articles from the print magazine in the areas of news, commentary, features, latest results from chemical literature, and highlights from the latest European patents. In addition, there is a searchable and browsable archive of past issues, a daily news section, and searchable jobs and meetings databases. The Society of Chemical Industry is "an international association of about 6000 members aimed at furthering applied chemistry." One of the highlights of its web site is its publication section, where, under "electronic publications," readers can find updated daily news, jobs and meetings listings on chemistry, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and the environment.

1997-01-01

45

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

World production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 648 million carats in 2006, with 79 percent of the production coming from Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa, and the U.S. U.S. consumption was was an estimated 602 million carats, imports were over 391 million carats, and exports were about 83 million carats. About 87 percent of the industrial diamonds market uses synthetic diamonds, which are expected to become less expensive as technology improves and competition from low-cost producers increases.

Olson, D. W.

2007-01-01

46

Industry News  

Cancer.gov

Myriad RBM announces Oncology MAP v2.0Myriad RBM, a former recipient of Small Business Innovations Research funding from the NCI, has recently announced the launch of OncologyMAP® v2.0. Print This Page Industry News, eProtein News and Events

47

Learned Industriousness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extensive research with animals and humans indicates that rewarded effort contributes to durable individual differences in industriousness. It is proposed that reinforcement for increased physical or cognitive performance, or for the toleration of aversive stimulation, conditions rewards value to the sensation of high effort and thereby reduces effort's aversiveness. The conditioning of secondary reward value to the sensation of effort

Robert Eisenberger

1992-01-01

48

Industrial Orientation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These eight modules for an industrial orientation class were developed by a project to design an interdisciplinary program of basic skills training for disadvantaged students in a Construction Technology Program (see Note). The Drafting module overviews drafting career opportunities, job markets, salaries, educational requirements, and basic…

Rasor, Leslie; Brooks, Valerie

49

Industrial alliances  

SciTech Connect

The United States is emerging from the Cold War era into an exciting, but challenging future. Improving the economic competitiveness of our Nation is essential both for improving the quality of life in the United States and maintaining a strong national security. The research and technical skills used to maintain a leading edge in defense and energy now should be used to help meet the challenge of maintaining, regaining, and establishing US leadership in industrial technologies. Companies recognize that success in the world marketplace depends on products that are at the leading edge of technology, with competitive cost, quality, and performance. Los Alamos National Laboratory and its Industrial Partnership Center (IPC) has the strategic goal to make a strong contribution to the nation`s economic competitiveness by leveraging the government`s investment at the Laboratory: personnel, infrastructure, and technological expertise.

Adams, K.V.

1993-09-13

50

Industrial radiointroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The operating principles and design of various types of radiointroscopes used in industry for fault inspection are described, together with the sources of penetrating radiation, radiooptic image converters, and image amplifiers. The theory of image formation by a radiointroscope and mathematical models of the image formation are discussed. Consideration is given to the design of radioscope television systems, and their optical characteristics, resolving power, signal/noise characteristics, contrast sensitivity, and the transmission band of the communication channel.

Kliuev, V. V.; Leonov, B. I.; Gusev, E. A.

51

Industry Collaboration  

Cancer.gov

The goal of the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) is to facilitate the process of bringing promising, novel, investigational anticancer and anti-HIV agents to the public as quickly and as safely as possible. CTEP offers a unique combination of resources and expertise to assist an Industry Collaborator in clinical development of new therapeutic agents and the ability to evaluate investigational agents in a wide variety of tumor types and disease settings.

52

Industrial Energy Study of Selected Food Industries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Amount of energy used by each of 14 SIC industries within the food and kindred products industry (SIC 20) is given. Report covers the meat packing industry; sausages and other prepared meats industry; fluid milk industry; canned fruits and vegetables indu...

1974-01-01

53

Industrial Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site addresses Professor Dr. J. Gmehling's research group activities in "the synthesis and design of chemical processes with an emphasis on thermal separation processes." Ranging from the development of thermodynamic models to the construction of software tools and data banks, their research at the University of Oldenburg, covers a broad range in the field of Industrial Chemistry. Students and educators can view informative figures and images such as the Isothermal Flow Calorimeter and the Gas-Liquid Chromatography. Users can download the free software, Dortmund Data Bank (DDB), which searches the literature for experimental information.

54

Industrial ventilation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Industrial ventilation design methodology, using computers and using fluid dynamic models, is considered. It is noted that the design of a ventilation system must be incorporated into the plant design and layout at the earliest conceptual stage of the project. A checklist of activities concerning the methodology for the design of a ventilation system for a new facility is given. A flow diagram of the computer ventilation model shows a typical input, the initialization and iteration loop, and the output. The application of the fluid dynamic modeling techniques include external and internal flow fields, and individual sources of heat and contaminants. Major activities for a ventilation field test program are also addressed.

Goodfellow, H. D.

55

ESCOs: Helping Schools Save Money and Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of energy savings performance contracts to help reduce costs and improve school infrastructure and the educational environment. Further discussed are how indoor air quality reduces health, productivity, and costs; and examples are provided of how other schools have achieved better school environments and reduced energy costs. (GR)

School Planning & Management, 2000

2000-01-01

56

How To Avoid an ESCO Fiasco.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Ohio University's use of a performance contracting consultant to assist them in hiring an energy services company that could implement an energy conservation project. Why the use of consultants can prove beneficial is highlighted. (GR)

Wright, Dorothy

2000-01-01

57

Industrial Productivity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASTRAN is an offshoot of the computer-design technique used in construction of airplanes and spacecraft. [n this technique engineers create a mathematical model of the aeronautical or space vehicle and "fly" it on the ground by means of computer simulation. The technique enables them to study performance and structural behavior of a number of different designs before settling on the final configuration and proceeding with construction. From this base of aerospace experience, NASA-Goddard developed the NASTRAN general purpose computer program, which offers an exceptionally wide range of analytic capability with regard to structures. NASTRAN has been applied to autos, trucks, railroad cars, ships, nuclear power reactors, steam turbines, bridges, and office buildings. NASA-Langley provides program maintenance services regarded as vital by many NASTRAN users. NASTRAN is essentially a predictive tool. It takes an electronic look at a computerire$.dedgn and reports how the structure will react under a great many different conditions. It can, for example, note areas where high stress levels will occur-potential failure points that need strengthening. Conversely, it can identify over-designed areas where weight and material might be saved safely. NASTRAN can tell how pipes stand up under strong fluid flow, how metals are affected by high temperatures, how a building will fare in an earthquake or how powerful winds will cause a bridge to oscillate. NASTRAN analysis is quick and inexpensive. It minimizes trial-and-error in the design process and makes possible better, safe, lighter structures affording large-scale savings in development time and materials. Some examples of the broad utility NASTRAN is finding among industrial firms are shown on these pages.

1977-01-01

58

Industry Study, Electronics Industry, Spring 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The semiconductor industry is under pressure, thus accelerating the industry evolution from vertical integration to specialization and collaboration. Speed-to-market, function integration, low power, and customer focus are increasingly important. Clusteri...

2009-01-01

59

Industry Sector Analysis Canada: Industrial Rubber Products.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service officers in Canada prepare market surveys for those industry sectors which offer the best sales prospects for American firms. These Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contain statistical and narrative information on projected m...

R. Vinson

1992-01-01

60

Industry Sector Analysis Canada: Industrial Process Controls.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service officers in Canada prepare market surveys for those industry sectors which offer the best sales prospects for American firms. These Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contain statistical and narrative information on projected m...

K. Zens

1992-01-01

61

Developing the Electronics Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Electronics and the Developing Economies; Building a Modern Electronics Industry; Semiconductors; The Computer Industry; Consumer Electronics; Telecommunications Equipment Markets into the 1990s; The U.S. Electronics Industry; European Electroni...

B. Wellenius A. Miller C. J. Dahlman

1993-01-01

62

Professors and Industry Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes backgrounds of geophysics graduates that are desired for employment by industry. Also listed are areas in which industry could help universities concerning the development of programs to meet the future manpower needs in industry. (BR)

Sheriff, Robert E.

1974-01-01

63

Industries and cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between selected industries and cancer is reviewed. This article will focus on several industries which have not been covered elsewhere in this volume, briefly describe current research on cancer in the agricultural and construction industries, and discuss surveillance data on cancer mortality in relation to industry listed on US death certificates. Employment in the rubber

Elizabeth M. Ward; Carol A. Burnett; Avima Ruder; Karen Davis-King

1997-01-01

64

Environment Industry, Industry Study, Spring 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The members of the 2008 Industrial College of the Armed Forces Environment Industry Study (EIS) evaluated a wide range of environmental issues that have implications for U.S national security in the complex, globalized economy. EIS determined that the gro...

D. Diamantopoulos J. Florey L. Fagan M. Banavige S. Fernandez

2008-01-01

65

Space Industry. Industry Study, Spring 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With more than 50 years of achievements, the U.S. space industry has an unparalleled record of success ranging from landing on the moon to providing telecom access to the remote reaches of the world. However, the glamour of this industry has gone beyond t...

K. Callahan M. A. Behne R. Dow R. Follo T. Flanders

2009-01-01

66

Laser Technologies in Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

LASER TECHNOLOGIES in INDUSTRY was designed to provide an assessment of and the dissemination of information on the following aspects of LASER technologies for industry: metrology, detection, machine and process control, nondestructive testing for quality...

1988-01-01

67

Uranium industry annual 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Uranium Industry Annual 1994 (UIA 1994) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry's activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing during that survey year. The UIA 1994 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federa...

1995-01-01

68

The World Oil Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's domestic petroleum industry and the international industry have been dominated by seven major firms. Although production costs decreased, sale prices soared with developing political-corporate interrelationships. (MR)

Rand, Christopher T.

1976-01-01

69

Chrysotile Asbestos in Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The six major forms of asbestos (1332214) were reviewed and then the most widely used form, chrysotile (12001295), was examined in more detail. The three largest industries using chrysotile include the asbestos/cement pipe industry, the asbestos friction ...

K. M. Wallingford

1978-01-01

70

An Industrial Physics Toolkit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physicists possess many skills highly valued in industrial companies. However, with the exception of a decreasing number of positions in long range research at large companies, job openings in industry rarely say "Physicist Required." One key to a successful industrial career is to know what subset of your physics skills is most highly valued by a given industry and to continue to build these skills while working. This combination of skills from both academic and industrial experience becomes your "Industrial Physics Toolkit" and is a transferable resource when you change positions or companies. This presentation will describe how one builds and sells your own "Industrial Physics Toolkit" using concrete examples from the speaker's industrial experience.

Cummings, Bill

2004-03-01

71

Industrial Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Target industry groups identified and pursued include electronics, mobile home manufacture, aerospace, and basalt fiber production. In addition, inquiries from other types of industry were answered and followed-up and basic research data was developed. A ...

1979-01-01

72

Industrial Fire Brigade Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organized as a teaching outline for an industrial plant fire brigade course, this manual contains a rationale for an industrial plant brigade as an adjunct to the local firefighting services; information to the instructor concerning the implementation of an industrial fire brigade program; and a teaching outline consisting of eleven sections: (1)…

North Carolina State Dept. of Community Colleges, Raleigh.

73

Astronomers Working in Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four scientists, trained as astronomers, describe their astronomical training and present careers in non-astronomy, industrial jobs. They recount some of the differences, positive and negative, between industrial and academic employment, and comment on some of the attitudes they perceive academic and industrial scientists hold toward each other.…

Bless, Robert C.; King, Ivan R.

1981-01-01

74

Biochemical engineering and industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of biochemical engineering in an industrial setting is presented by examples from the author's own field of expertise: process development for industrial enzymes. Examples given cover the fields bioreactor performance, measurement and control on fermentation, downstream operations and development and optimization of production strains. The use of engineering principles is placed in the industrial context of a high

Anders Gram

1997-01-01

75

Photovoltaics industry profile  

SciTech Connect

A description of the status of the US photovoltaics industry is given. Principal end-user industries are identified, domestic and foreign market trends are discussed, and industry-organized and US government-organized trade promotion events are listed. Trade associations and trade journals are listed, and a photovoltaic product manufacturers list is included. (WHK)

None

1980-10-01

76

The Brewing Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a study of structural change and performance in the brewing industry since World War II. It discusses the industry, the structural change, the cause of the transformation, and industry's performance following World War II. Included in the re...

1978-01-01

77

Industrial Development in Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses data for eight manufacturing industries to test for and characterize dynamic production externalities in cities. The authors find evidence of both Marshall-Arrow-Romer (MAR) externalities, which are associated with past own industry employment concentration, and Jacobs externalities, which are associated with past diversity of local total employment. For mature capital goods industries, there is evidence of MAR externalities

Vernon Henderson; Ari Kuncoro; Matt Turner

1995-01-01

78

Anthropometry of industrial populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial anthropometric data were collected from workers in various manufacturing industries in the mid–western United States: 384 males and 124 females participated during the period from 1984 through 1991. Eleven length dimensions, weight, and age were assessed at the worksites. Descriptions and statistical analyses of the industrial anthropometric data are summarized and compared to other civilian and military anthropometric data.

W. S. MARRAS; J. Y. KIM

1993-01-01

79

FOSSIL FUEL INDUSTRIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The chapter focuses on methane emissions from the coal and natural gas industries. The petroleum industry is not addressed because of the lack of related quality data. Emission points are identified for each industry, and a discussion of factors affecting emissions is presented. ...

80

Smart industrial substations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The smart industrial substations enhances plant electrical personnel safety by physically removing the operator from the arc flash zone. The smart industrial substations shifts electrical technician functions from time-consuming tasks in front of substations equipments to time-saving tasks away from the substations. The smart industrial substation is a \\

J. E. Bowen; H. T. Combs; D. G. Dunn; M. A. Hildreth; A. Pilcher

2005-01-01

81

Weapons Industry. Industry Study, Spring 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Weapons Industry includes products that span from munitions, delivery systems, uninhabited vehicles, to sensors. The U.S. government procures these products, which are produced by both government organizations, such as depots, and commercial firms acr...

B. Cottrell C. Bailey G. Goshorn M. Danehy S. Altizer

2007-01-01

82

Industry`s turnaround looks real  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the industry outlook for North American gas and oil industries. In a robust Canada, land sales are setting records, drilling is up, and output is rising beyond last year`s 21% growth. A perception among US operators that wellhead prices will remain stable is translating to increased spending. The USA, Canada, Mexico, Cuba are evaluated separately, with brief evaluations of Greenland, Guatemala, Belize, and Costa Rico. Data are presented on drilling activities.

NONE

1997-08-01

83

Society for Industrial Archeology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for Industrial Archeology is an association of "members, world-wide, who have a strong interest in preserving, interpreting and documenting our industrial past and heritage." Anyone interested in the industrial past is welcome to join the Society. The newsletter, which is available free to download, provides information on current news, recent publications and notices of conferences and events of interest to Society members. The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology (IA) is available by paid subscription and includes essays and book reviews, as well as peer-reviewed articles on current research in industrial archeology. The Links section provides a list of online related resources.

84

Uranium industry annual 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Industry Annual 1994 (UIA 1994) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing during that survey year. The UIA 1994 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the 10-year period 1985 through 1994 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey.`` Data collected on the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` (UIAS) provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1994, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. A feature article, ``Comparison of Uranium Mill Tailings Reclamation in the United States and Canada,`` is included in the UIA 1994. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, and uranium inventories, enrichment feed deliveries (actual and projected), and unfilled market requirements are shown in Chapter 2.

NONE

1995-07-05

85

Industrial Water Use  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of its Water Science for Schools site, the US Geological Survey defines industrial water use and includes several tables and maps showing where and how industry uses water. Students and teachers can look at their state and see 1990 data for how much ground water and how much surface water is used in industry as well as how much of that water is fresh or saline.

2002-10-10

86

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION part 1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What led to this remarkable time in history. Who was most affected by it? Let's begin by looking at some causes. Use this link to answer the following questions. causes of industrial revolution I want you to describe one of the main things that contributed to the industrial revolution. Next state three outcomes of the industrial revolution. Place your answers in a googledrive document.

Amsden

2013-04-15

87

The Nuclear Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Content: Raw fuel materials; Materials processing and fabrication; Nuclear components and equipment; Reactors; Radioisotopes; Materials reprocessing; Plowshare; Services; Assistance for industry at AEC field offices. (Author)

1966-01-01

88

Heat pumps for industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research activities, both in the laboratory and in the field, confirm that heat pumps can improve energy efficiency and productivity for a multitude of process types. By using heat pumps, process industries can save significant amounts of energy and money and successfully control emissions. Those industries with special needs, such as recovering solvents, can meet them more energy efficiently and cost effectively with heat pumps. Through the years, the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) has helped industry solve its energy problems by joining in cooperative agreements with companies willing to do the research. The companies involved in these agreements share the costs of the research and benefit directly from the technology developed. OIT then has information from demonstration projects that it can pass on to others within industry. All the projects described in this brochure were joint ventures between DOE and industry participants. OIT will assist in accelerating the use of heat pumps in the industrial marketplace by continuing to work with industry on research and demonstration projects and to transfer research results and project performance information to the rest of industry. Successfully transferring this technology could conserve as much as 1.5 quads of energy annually at a savings of more than $4 billion at today's prices.

1991-09-01

89

Interface management for industrial design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper interface problem for industrial design is researched. Effective interface management plays an important role in success and efficiency for industrial design and innovation activity of enterprise. Industrial design is a borderline subject intersected by trans-disciplinary and grows up with the development of great industry. Industrial design just like a bond in industry society to connect interactively the

Renping Xu; Kunqian Wang; Xiaonan Shu; Chao Zhang

2009-01-01

90

Florida Construction Industry: Labor Market Industry Profile.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Florida's construction industry has played an important role in the states growth, first creating the infrastructure that provided access to the varied parts of the state, and then building the homes and businesses that have provided jobs and shelter to g...

2010-01-01

91

Industrial Outlook Report: Fishing Industry, Panama, 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Panamanian fishing industry turned in a mixed performance in 1984. The two most important fisheries are for shrimp and anchovies. Both declined in 1984. The total anchovy and other finfish catch in 1984 was only 104,000 metric tons (t), a decline of 2...

J. Kaddaras

1985-01-01

92

Industrial environmental control: Pulp and paper industry  

SciTech Connect

This volume presents a survey of the manufacturing processes and equipment of the industry. For each process of manufacture, the principles controlling its stages are laid out, including saporification, washing, and fitting. The equipment which drives a modern plant is described, as well as alternative types of equipment more typical of many older or smaller plants. Also discussed are ancillary topics.

Springer, A.M.

1985-01-01

93

Industrial Outlook Report: Fishing Industry - Portugal, 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Portugal's accession to the European Community (EC) in 1986 has continued to produce a certain instability in the fishing industry. Portugal's fisheries catch amounted to 313,804 metric tons (t) in 1988, compared to 312,700 t in 1987. In 1988, Portugal im...

F. Andrade

1989-01-01

94

Industrial Maintenance Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial plants have become more complex due to technological advancement. This has made the task of maintenance more difficult. The maintenance costs in terms of resources and downtime loss are so high that maintenance function has become a critical factor in a plant's profitability. Industry should devote as much forethought to the management of maintenance function as to production. Maintenance

Sajjad Akbar

2006-01-01

95

2001 Industry Studies: Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. environmental industry is poised to support growth and preserve the environment, a process known as sustainable development. Despite only a small percentage of U.S. environmental businesses participating in the world market, the U.S. industry has...

J. L. Charvat C. L. Diamond R. J. Hrdy S. Kalweit V. G. McDade

2001-01-01

96

Geothermal industry assessment  

SciTech Connect

An assessment of the geothermal industry is presented, focusing on industry structure, corporate activities and strategies, and detailed analysis of the technological, economic, financial, and institutional issues important to government policy formulation. The study is based principally on confidential interviews with executives of 75 companies active in the field. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-07-01

97

Foundry Industry Training Committee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Foundry Industry Training Committee has encouraged the foundry industry in developing systematic manpower training and development programs at all levels. Features developed include competitions as a technique of standard setting, recommendations for technician training, and a widely used manpower information system. (MW)

Industrial Training Journal, 1974

1974-01-01

98

Uranium Industry Annual 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Uranium Industry Annual 1999 (UIA 1999) provides current statistical data on the U.S. uranium industry's activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1999 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, ...

2000-01-01

99

Industrial crystallization process control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of every industrial crystallization process is to create crystals that meet specifications on size, shape, composition, and internal structure. This objective is achieved using a variety of methods and equipment configurations depending on the properties of the chemical system, the end-product specifications, and the production scale. This paper explain how crystallization is controlled in industrial processes and what

PAUL A. LARSEN; DANIEL B. PATIENCE; JAMES B. RAWLINGS

2006-01-01

100

Trucking Industry Churn.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The trucking industry is dynamic, and has been growing along with the economy. Many companies have come and gone, but many have been in business for many years. An increasing number of motor carriers can indicate a healthy industry and economy. While an i...

J. Rodriguez

2008-01-01

101

Analysis of Industrial Wastewaters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive, documented discussion of certain operating principles useful as guidelines for the analysis of industrial wastewaters is presented. Intended primarily for the chemist, engineer, or other professional person concerned with all aspects of industrial wastewater analysis, it is not to be considered as a substitute for standard manuals…

Mancy, K. H.; Weber, W. J., Jr.

102

INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY INSTRUCTOR'S GUIDE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS LABORATORY GUIDE WAS DEVELOPED FOR AN 80-HOUR COURSE IN INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY FOR HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES TRAINING TO BECOME BEGINNING RADIOGRAPHERS. IT IS USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH TWO OTHER VOLUMES--(1) INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY INSTRUCTOR'S GUIDE, AND (2) INUDSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY MANUAL. THE PROGRAM WAS DEVELOPED BY A COMMITTEE OF REPRESENTATIVES…

Bureau of Adult, Vocational, and Technical Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

103

Educating Industrial Designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the status, objectives and procedures of contemporary industrial design education. It points out that professional designers are searching for meaningful and valid guidelines for the relatively new profession, and that current attitudes and practices in design education reflect this search. The major historical movements contributing to current industrial design training are reviewed briefly. The early marriage of

Jack W. Crist

1966-01-01

104

Reusable industrial control systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial control hardware may be reused for several purposes. The same industrial PC type may control the drives of a portal system, act as a programmable logic controller, or control any other device. Moreover the same piece of hardware may control different device types at the same time in concurrency. In this paper, we discuss four successive software engineering approaches

Andreas Speck

2003-01-01

105

INDUSTRIAL ARTS HANDBOOK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TO AID TEACHERS, GUIDANCE COUNSELORS, AND ADMINISTRATORS, AS WELL AS THE STUDENT HIMSELF, THE HANDBOOK OFFERED PURPOSES AND COURSE DESCRIPTIONS IN THE FIELD OF INDUSTRIAL ARTS. IT APPLIED TO ELEMENTARY, JUNIOR HIGH, AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. INDUSTRIAL ARTS PROVIDED AN OPPORTUNITY FOR STUDENTS TO DISCOVER THEIR APTITUDES AND ABILITIES IN…

JOHNSON, ALLEN

106

University/industry research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problems encountered in mixing industrial and university research goals can be major, but so can the benefits. The National Science Board (NSB) recently released a report on “University-Industry Research Relationships: Selected Studies” (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983). It is an analysis of the much-discussed new trend toward increased industrial funding of university research projects.University laboratories cannot generally solve industry's R&D problems. Success for the corporation in sponsoring academic research is realized in the value of cooperative research programs as training exercises for future industrial scientists. An occasional patent arising from such a project is considered an added benefit, not a primary goal.

Bell, Peter M.

107

Industrial process surveillance system  

DOEpatents

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy. 96 figs.

Gross, K.C.; Wegerich, S.W.; Singer, R.M.; Mott, J.E.

1998-06-09

108

Industrial Process Surveillance System  

DOEpatents

A system and method for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy.

Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Wegerich, Stephan W (Glendale Heights, IL); Singer, Ralph M. (Naperville, IL); Mott, Jack E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2001-01-30

109

Industrial process surveillance system  

DOEpatents

A system and method for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy.

Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Wegerich, Stephan W. (Glendale Heights, IL); Singer, Ralph M. (Naperville, IL); Mott, Jack E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1998-01-01

110

Industrial biomass market assessment  

SciTech Connect

Washington's timber industry could theoretically displace 45% of the purchased fossil fuels used by the state's. The social, economic and environmental benefits of such a displacement to the state are immense. The Washington State Energy Office (WESO) initiated a biomass project to match supplies to potential demands for forest in the industrial fuel market on a data base. WESO has completed the identification of target industrial sectors, and is proceeding to estimate the match between supply and demand. Follow-up work will include a survey of potential users and assistance in overcoming the identified barriers. 1 figure.

Not Available

1985-03-01

111

Exploiting industrial robotics  

SciTech Connect

Advances in robotic technologies reflected in commercially available and demonstrated capabilities provide exceptional alternatives to the designer of new and upgraded production processes. This paper discusses the states of the art of these technologies, describes some of the research and application engineering which has extended and exploited these capabilities, and provides some conceptual synthesis of advanced robotics and other industrial automation to hypothetical nuclear industry/laboratory tasks. Nuclear industry applications are oriented upon tasks in hazardous and contaminating environments and with hazardous materials.

Sievers, R.H. (Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (USA))

1990-06-01

112

Information and Communications Technology Industry: Spring 2007 Industry Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Information & Communications Technology (ICT) industry provides enabling capability for all major industries. The US ICT industry leads the world but must overcome several near-term challenges if it hopes to retain its global leadership. Some of the k...

A. Govil D. Doe J. Duncan R. Bezwada W. Adamson

2007-01-01

113

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 26. TITANIUM INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The titanium industry produces two principal products, titanium metal and titanium dioxide. For purposes of analyses, therefore, the industry is considered in two segments: titanium metal production and titanium dioxide production. Two industrial process flow diagrams and eleven ...

114

Uranium Industry Annual, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Industry Annual provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry for the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and electric utility industries, and the public. The feature article, ``Decommissioning of US Conventional Uranium Production Centers,`` is included. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities including domestic uranium purchases, commitments by utilities, procurement arrangements, uranium imports under purchase contracts and exports, deliveries to enrichment suppliers, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and uranium for sale by domestic suppliers are presented in Chapter 2.

Not Available

1993-10-28

115

Chilean Fishing Industry, 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Chile is one of the world's most important fishing countries; its fisheries catch has been the world's fourth or fifth most important since 1980. Chile's fishing industry is dominated by a massive fishmeal reduction fishery for small pelagic species. Redu...

D. Weidner F. Quintanilla

1988-01-01

116

Industry Collaboration — Model Agreements  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Home | Investigator Resources | Protocol Development | Initiatives/Programs/Collaborations | Links to More Resources | Funding Opportunities | About CTEP Home | Sitemap | Contact CTEP Search this site Industry Collaborations Guidelines

117

Mexico: The Fertilizer Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A rapidly expanding domestic fertilizer market and a desire to capitalize on indigenous raw material deposits have resulted in Mexico's rapid emergence as a major fertilizer producer. This report reviews Mexico's fertilizer industry in terms of its past p...

1979-01-01

118

Industrial Demand Module  

EIA Publications

Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

Kelly Perl

2013-09-30

119

Industrial Noise: Potentiating Interactions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using a 5-day exposure paradigm to produce an asymptotic threshold shift, measurements were taken of preexposure and postexposure hearing thresholds for 94 chinchillas. The exposures were designed to be realistic for industrial environments containing bot...

W. A. Ahroon

1988-01-01

120

Industrial Assessment Center  

SciTech Connect

The University of Dayton (UD) performed energy assessments, trained students and supported USDOE objectives. In particular, the UD Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) performed 96 industrial energy assessment days for mid-sized manufacturers. The average identified and implemented savings on each assessment were $261,080 per year and $54,790 per year. The assessments served as direct training in industrial energy efficiency for 16 UD IAC students. The assessments also served as a mechanism for the UD IAC to understand manufacturing energy use and improve upon the science of manufacturing energy efficiency. Specific research results were published in 16 conference proceedings and journals, disseminated in 22 additional invited lectures, and shared with the industrial energy community through the UD IAC website.

J. Kelly Kissock; Becky Blust

2007-04-17

121

University-Industry Interaction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is posited that university industry interaction is highly desirable from the viewpoint of the long term economic development of the country as well as being desirable for the Space Grant Programs. The present and future possible interactions are review...

D. E. Hastings

1990-01-01

122

Industrial Hygiene Sampling Instructions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This technical guide describes air and bulk industrial hygiene sampling procedures for over 100 potentially hazardous chemical contaminants. The guide contains air volumes, sampling rates and references for IH air sampling. It addresses the types of conta...

F. Belkin R. W. Bishop

1987-01-01

123

Seattle Opportunities Industrialization Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goals of the Opportunities Industrialization Center organization in Seattle include providing hope for impoverished and hard-core unemployed in the form of job preparation by providing adult education, pre-vocational training, skills training, counsel...

1968-01-01

124

Industrial Time Service Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study examines options for delivery of accurate time and frequency information to industrial users. The study is sponsored by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) who finds a need for accurate timing to the one microsecond level. Prospective exis...

D. W. Hanson D. A. Howe

1986-01-01

125

Strategic Alliances: Government & Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Overview: JOCOTAS: technology vision; total life cycle involvement, alliances with industry: Purpose; strategic alliances: what makes a success. Working with the government; shelter systems: direction and future. The technical vision of JOCOTAS is to adva...

A. S. Lagoon L. Biszko

2009-01-01

126

Industry Profiles, 1958-1969.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report includes industry statistics for 527 U.S. manufacturing industries and industry groups. It includes ten basic data series - ten selected operating ratios and indexes based on these data; and average annual rates of growth. (Author)

1971-01-01

127

Commentary: University-Industry Alliances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses issues and assesses developments in research and development collaborative efforts between universities and industry. Provides an historical context and explores current industry-university alliances. (ML)

Nelkin, Dorothy; And Others

1987-01-01

128

Industrial Section Convenor's Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the years this conference has gained a solid reputation as an appropriate rostrum for illustrating new concepts in the relations between industry and the scientific world and for introducing new technologies to a large assistance of junior and more experienced scientists. In fact, from the very beginning the founders of this endeavour announced: "The conference is aimed for promoting contacts among scientists involved in particle and fundamental physics, among experimental physicists in other fields and representatives from industry." Facilities at the Conference are designed to fulfil the task: space and general facilities are offered to industry representatives to display their products. This year a more accessible and luminous space arrangement was made available to the exhibitors. At the same time two plenary sessions have been dedicated to selected speakers to illustrate new trends in Technology Transfer, analysis of environment affecting our community, examples of historical successes in the merging of science and industry. We have identified in "GRID" and in "E-Publishing" two major promising areas where our Community will play a prime role as "User" and it was of the general interest to have them illustrated by two personalities directly involved in their development. The flow of knowledge is of course more massive from "Industry" to "Science" than vice-versa, but "Science" to "Industry" move offers an intensive added value. The technology transfer concept with the "Patents" as fund raising tool proved less glorious than expected. Trademark, licensing agreement and " Patents" can assure intellectual properties. But patent is an issue to be used cautiously. Evidence exists that much more efficient transfer of "Science" knowledge to "Economy" is achieved by venture capital move and start-up companies. These two facets of the Technology Transfer business have been covered by Routti's and Bourgeois's lectures.There are two examples of Companies who moved recently into the areas of interest of our community (Hourdakis and Intrasoft) and the examples of an Industry historically committed to a strong R&D effort (SAES-Getters). Finally a case of involvement of industry in a "Big Science" project (CMS) completed the palette of the contributions to this Industry Section. The full set of transparencies of the lectures, are filed and made available at the conference site: .

Barone, M.; Riboni, P.

2002-11-01

129

The international electronics industry.  

PubMed

High-technology microelectronics has a major presence in countries such as China, India, Indonesia, and Malaysia, now the third-largest manufacturer of semiconductor chips. The migration of European, Japanese, and American companies accommodates regional markets. Low wage rates and limited enforcement of environmental regulations in developing countries also serve as incentives for the dramatic global migration of this industry. The manufacture of microelectonics products is accompanied by a high incidence of occupational illnesses, which may reflect the widespread use of toxic materials. Metals, photoactive chemicals, solvents, acids, and toxic gases are used in a wide variety of combinations and workplace settings. The industry also presents problems of radiation exposure and various occupational stressors, including some unresolved ergonomic issues. The fast-paced changes of the technology underlying this industry, as well as the stringent security precautions, have added to the difficulty of instituting proper health and safety measures. Epidemiologic studies reveal an alarming increase in spontaneous abortions among cleanroom manufacturing workers; no definitive study has yet identified its cause. Other health issues, including occupational cancer, are yet to be studied. The microelectronics industry is a good example of an industry that is exported to many areas of the world before health and safety problems are properly addressed and resolved. PMID:10026464

LaDou, J; Rohm, T

1998-01-01

130

Providers target industrial areas  

SciTech Connect

Energy customers in California are negotiating new deals now that the California Public Utilities Commission has dropped its plan to gradually phase in energy deregulation. The commission has set January 1, 1998 as the date when most energy consumers in the state will be free to choose their providers. Deals currently under negotiation are mostly long-term electrical supply contracts with entire cities. Initially, the cities most likely to enter such contracts are those that wish to use the prospect of cheap energy to keep existing industry and lure new industry. One such deal has been set in South San Francisco, and industrial suburb of San Francisco with several fine chemicals and biotechnology firms. The city has signed a five-year contract with FirstPoint (Portland, OR) to provide energy and related services for residents, businesses, and industry. But while residential and small business customers expect to see only a 10% drop in their overall bills, industrial customers foresee larger savings because of discounts to large energy users offered by FirstPoint and the city.

Vames, S.

1997-06-11

131

Doctors and pharmaceutical industry.  

PubMed

The pharmaceutical industry is seen as seducing doctors by providing expensive gifts, subsidising travel and underwriting practice expenses in return for those doctors prescribing products that otherwise they would not use. This paints doctors in a very negative light; suggests doctors are available to the highest bidder; implies doctors do not adequately act as independent agents; and that doctors are driven more by self-interest than by patient needs. Similar practices, in other industries, are accepted as normal business behaviour but it is automatically assumed to be improper if the pharmaceutical industry supports doctors. Should the pharmaceutical industry withdraw educational grants then there would be: fewer scientific meetings; reduced attendance at conferences; limited post graduate education; and a depreciated level of maintenance of professional standards. To suggest that doctors prescribe inappropriately in return for largesse maligns their integrity but where there is no scientific reason to choose between different treatments then there can be little argument against selecting the product manufactured by a company that has invested in the doctor and the question arises as to whether this represents bad medicine? This paper will examine what constitutes non-professional conduct in response to inducements by the pharmaceutical industry. It will review: conflict of interest; relationships between doctors and pharma and the consequences for patients; and the need for critical appraisal before automatically decrying this relationship while accepting that there remain those who do not practice ethical medicine. PMID:20157968

Beran, Roy G

2009-09-01

132

Research and Development in Industry: 1993  

NSF Publications Database

... Research and Development in Industry: 1993 Hypertext Format Research and Development in Industry ... Research and Development in Industry: 1993 (972K) Part II - Research and Development in Industry ...

133

Introduction to Electronics Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Work-Ready Electronics, a project of the Advanced Technological Education program, this module walks visitors through the basic of the electronics industry, including different industry categories, and the overall process that moves the industry along. There is a quiz to test what students learned in the module in the Knowledge Probe section, and the Learning Resources section contains two activities to help cement student understanding. There are also further resources - both print and Web based - for more information and a Knowledge Game, which consists of a crossword reiterating the material covered. The Notebook function allows visitors to take notes and review them at any time. This is an excellent resource for introductory electronics classes, or for students just entering electronics technician programs.

2008-09-04

134

Pharmaceutical industry in Syria.  

PubMed

The aim of this article is to present the development of the pharmaceutical industry in Syria using national and international public data sources. At the end of the 80ies, the pharmaceutical industry in Syria was very poor, covering 6% of the national needs. In less than 20 years, with the government support in terms of legal frame and strategic political engagement, the Syrian pharmaceutical industry finally covered almost 90% of the national needs, in terms of drugs, and exported drugs in around 52 Arabian countries. Beyond covering the local market, the main added values of this huge development consisted in exporting drugs in amount of 150 million dollars per year and providing jobs for 17000 Syrian people, out of which around 85% are women. Strong and weak points of the pharmaceutical sector are taken into consideration in the article and further interventions to support a sustainable development are proposed by the author. PMID:20945828

Kutaini, Dirar; Davila, Carol

2010-01-01

135

Pharmaceutical Industry in Syria  

PubMed Central

The aim of this article is to present the development of the pharmaceutical industry in Syria using national and international public data sources. At the end of the 80ies, the pharmaceutical industry in Syria was very poor, covering 6% of the national needs. In less than 20 years, with the government support in terms of legal frame and strategic political engagement, the Syrian pharmaceutical industry finally covered almost 90% of the national needs, in terms of drugs, and exported drugs in around 52 Arabian countries. Beyond covering the local market, the main added values of this huge development consisted in exporting drugs in amount of 150 million dollars per year and providing jobs for 17000 Syrian people, out of which around 85% are women. Strong and weak points of the pharmaceutical sector are taken into consideration in the article and further interventions to support a sustainable development are proposed by the author.

2010-01-01

136

What is Industrial Agriculture?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Highly productive commercial agriculture, known as industrial agriculture, is the focus of this investigation. Students will analyze and compare the inputs and outputs of industrial agriculture after reading background information, examining photos and satellite images, graphing data, and answering questions. The role of technology in shaping industrial agriculture is also examined. Suggestions are offered for optionally assessing this lesson in a debate format or in a role-play format. The URL opens to the investigation directory, with links to teacher and student materials, lesson extensions, resources, teaching tips, and assessment strategies. This is Investigation 2 of three found in the Grades 9-12 Module 2 of Mission Geography. The Mission Geography curriculum integrates data and images from NASA missions with the National Geography Standards. Each of the three investigations in Module 2, while related, can be done independently.

137

INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

Since its establishment in 1990, San Diego State University’s Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) has served close to 400 small and medium-sized manufacturing plants in Southern California. SDSU/IAC’s efforts to transfer state-of-the-art technologies to industry have increased revenues, cultivated creativity, improved efficiencies, and benefited the environment. A substantial benefit from the program has been the ongoing training of engineering faculty and students. During this funding cycle, SDSU/IAC has trained 31 students, 7 of the graduate. A total of 92 assessments and 108 assessment days were completed, resulting in 638 assessment recommendations.

ASFAW BEYENE

2008-09-29

138

Industrial linguistic control  

SciTech Connect

The use of various types of controllers and control techniques for industrial process is discussed. An ongoing research and development project is reported on the application of intelligent linguistic controllers to processes in the cement industry in Greece which have, in the past, been controllable only by human operators. Prototype linguistic controllers using fuzzy logic have been implemented and tested on a rotary kiln precalciner flash furnace (3-input 3-output) and on a cement mill separator (3-input 2-output) with good results. Originally implemented on a supervisory minicomputer, the algorithms have been transferred to microcomputers which form the heart of this class of intelligent linguistic controllers. 6 references.

King, R.E.; Karonis, F.

1983-01-01

139

US industrial battery forecast  

SciTech Connect

Last year was strong year for the US industrial battery market with growth in all segments. Sales of industrial batteries in North America grew 19.2% in 1995, exceeding last year`s forecasted growth rate of 11.6%. The results of the recently completed BCI Membership Survey forecast 1996 sales to be up 10.5%, and to continue to increase at a 10.4% compound annual rate through the year 2000. This year`s survey includes further detail on the stationary battery market with the inclusion of less than 25 Ampere-Hour batteries for the first time.

Hollingsworth, V. III [Hollingsworth & Vose Company, East Walpole, MA (United States)

1996-09-01

140

Transferring Technology to Industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the technology transfer processes in which JPL has been involved to assist in transferring the technology derived from aerospace research and development to industry. California Institute of Technology (CalTech), the organization that runs JPL, is the leading institute in patents for all U.S. universities. There are several mechanisms that are available to JPL to inform industry of these technological advances: (1) a dedicated organization at JPL, National Space Technology Applications (NSTA), (2) Tech Brief Magazine, (3) Spinoff magazine, and (4) JPL publications. There have also been many start-up organizations and businesses from CalTech.

Wolfenbarger, J. Ken

2006-01-01

141

Risk management in construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Construction industry is highly risk prone, with complex and dynamic project environments creating an atmosphere of high uncertainty and risk. The industry is vulnerable to various technical, sociopolitical and business risks. The track record to cope with these risks has not been very good in construction industry. As a result, the people working in the industry bear various failures, such

Nadeem Ehsan; Ebtisam Mirza; Mehmood Alam; Azam Ishaque

2010-01-01

142

Frontiers in Industrial Arts Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presentation topics of the 28th annual American Industrial Arts Association Convention include: (1) "Where We Are in Federal Legislation Programs," (2) "Frontiers in Industrial Arts Education," and (3) "Industry's Cooperation with Education." Eleven symposia were conducted on the topic of "Implementing Frontier Ideas in Industrial Arts Education…

MacDonnell, Elisabeth, Ed.; Strosnider, Floy, Ed.

143

Industrial battery technologies and markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial battery market segments generally fall into two major categories--traction batteries, also called motive power batteries; and stationary batteries, also referred to as standby power batteries. The major industrial battery subcategories are discussed. Industrial trucks and rail and mine vehicles represent two major subcategories of motive power batteries. Industrial trucks include forklifts, automated guided vehicles (AGVs), various types of towing

C. W. Seitz

1994-01-01

144

Automating the industry  

SciTech Connect

How well is the automation and mechanization of drilling rigs working? How much has been done? What are the advantages and disadvantages? Where is the drilling industry headed? To get answers to these and other questions, Petroleum Engineer International asked those who should know--the drilling and producing companies working with automated rigs.

NONE

1996-09-01

145

Africa's Petroleum Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This presentation on Africa's petroleum industry makes the following key points: (1) West Africa is a strategic supplier to the U.S./global market, (2) Africa's role in the global market is expected to increase in the medium term, (3) China and India repr...

D. L. Goldwyn

2005-01-01

146

Industrial Mechanical Maintenance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was developed to assist teachers in Oklahoma in preparing students for industrial mechanical maintenance. The materials in this teacher's guide are organized in 14 units of instruction covering the following four areas: receiving and setting equipment; equipment hookup and operation; equipment layout, anchoring, and setup; and…

Hendrix, Laborn J.

147

Microcalorimeter for Industrial Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To achieve the dramatic increases in x-ray spectral resolution (<20 eV at 1.5k eV) desired by market segments such as the semiconductor industry, NIST developed a transition-edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter. To bring this exciting, yet demanding, new te...

D. Redfern J. Nicolosi J. Hoehne R. Weiland B. Simmnacher C. Hollerich

2002-01-01

148

Industrial systems biology.  

PubMed

The chemical industry is currently undergoing a dramatic change driven by demand for developing more sustainable processes for the production of fuels, chemicals, and materials. In biotechnological processes different microorganisms can be exploited, and the large diversity of metabolic reactions represents a rich repository for the design of chemical conversion processes that lead to efficient production of desirable products. However, often microorganisms that produce a desirable product, either naturally or because they have been engineered through insertion of heterologous pathways, have low yields and productivities, and in order to establish an economically viable process it is necessary to improve the performance of the microorganism. Here metabolic engineering is the enabling technology. Through metabolic engineering the metabolic landscape of the microorganism is engineered such that there is an efficient conversion of the raw material, typically glucose, to the product of interest. This process may involve both insertion of new enzymes activities, deletion of existing enzyme activities, but often also deregulation of existing regulatory structures operating in the cell. In order to rapidly identify the optimal metabolic engineering strategy the industry is to an increasing extent looking into the use of tools from systems biology. This involves both x-ome technologies such as transcriptome, proteome, metabolome, and fluxome analysis, and advanced mathematical modeling tools such as genome-scale metabolic modeling. Here we look into the history of these different techniques and review how they find application in industrial biotechnology, which will lead to what we here define as industrial systems biology. PMID:19891008

Otero, José Manuel; Nielsen, Jens

2010-02-15

149

Industry-sponsored research.  

PubMed

Financial conflicts of interest are exceedingly common in biomedical research. Investigators with conflicts of interest are more likely to arrive at positive conclusions, perhaps as a result of biased study design, industry suppression of negative results, preferential funding by industry of projects that are likely to succeed, or biased interpretation of results on the part of investigators. Government and professional organisations have proposed guidelines for managing conflicts of interest, but in practice it is the policies of universities and medical journals that direct the actions of investigators. Academic researchers and the media have expressed concern about the influence of industry sponsorship on biomedical research, while industry is increasingly turning to private entities (such as contract research organisations) to conduct clinical trials. Research participants appear less concerned with conflicts of interest in biomedical research, perhaps due to a faith that such conflicts are being appropriately managed by institutions. After reviewing the literature, we provide recommendations for the ethical conduct of biomedical research in the presence of financial conflicts of interest. PMID:18508054

Okike, Kanu; Kocher, Mininder S; Mehlman, Charles T; Bhandari, Mohit

2008-06-01

150

Industrialism and applied psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determines the relation between industrialism and applied psychology. Applied psychology can help to minimize the mental deterioration by changing old habits of carelessness and wastefulness. Applied psychology must consider: (1) the necessity of readjusting and adapting national habits to modern economical and social requirements (2) mental activity and initiative of workers atrophied by specialization of labor and monotony of repetitive

Paul Kreuzpointner

1917-01-01

151

The Farm Pesticide Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two firms accounted for 74 percent of the corn herbicide market and two firms accounted for 61 percent of the soybean insecticide market in 1976. This study examines the pesticide industry by component markets for specific types of pesticides and crops. T...

T. R. Eichers

1980-01-01

152

Vocational/Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents high school and college vocational/industrial arts buildings considered outstanding in a competition, which judged the most outstanding learning environments at educational institutions nationwide. Jurors spent two days reviewing projects, highlighting unique concepts and ideas. For each citation, the article offers information on the…

American School & University, 2003

2003-01-01

153

Industrial Turbine Fans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Westinghouse Corp. & R &D Center's development of blades of an advanced controllable-pitch axial fan used in electrical power generation was aided by four computer programs supplied by COSMIC. Programs helped determine sensitivity of large industrial turbines and fans to particular matter such as dust and ash which can cause erosion. Programs also helped substantially reduce developmental costs.

1980-01-01

154

PV Technology - Industry update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an industrial update on the development of Photovoltaic (PV) Technology. It highlights the three major current types of PV: Crystalline, Thin Film and Nanotechnology. The aim of the development in PV technology is to improve the efficiency of the cells while reducing the production cost of the modules. This variety of PV technologies is still under development

L. El Chaar; L. A. Lamont; N. Elzein

2010-01-01

155

Industrial cogeneration optimization program  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this program was to identify up to 10 good near-term opportunities for cogeneration in 5 major energy-consuming industries which produce food, textiles, paper, chemicals, and refined petroleum; select, characterize, and optimize cogeneration systems for these identified opportunities to achieve maximum energy savings for minimum investment using currently available components of cogenerating systems; and to identify technical, institutional, and regulatory obstacles hindering the use of industrial cogeneration systems. The analysis methods used and results obtained are described. Plants with fuel demands from 100,000 Btu/h to 3 x 10/sup 6/ Btu/h were considered. It was concluded that the major impediments to industrial cogeneration are financial, e.g., high capital investment and high charges by electric utilities during short-term cogeneration facility outages. In the plants considered an average energy savings from cogeneration of 15 to 18% compared to separate generation of process steam and electric power was calculated. On a national basis for the 5 industries considered, this extrapolates to saving 1.3 to 1.6 quads per yr or between 630,000 to 750,000 bbl/d of oil. Properly applied, federal activity can do much to realize a substantial fraction of this potential by lowering the barriers to cogeneration and by stimulating wider implementation of this technology. (LCL)

Not Available

1980-01-01

156

Biosensors fob food industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Novel biosensor systems were constructed for food industry. In order to determine fish freshness, a multifunctional enzyme sensor system was developed by combining a double membrane consisting of a 5'?nucleotidase membrane and a nucleoside phosphorylase?xanthine oxidase membrane with an oxygen electrode. Each nucleotide concentration was determined as the current decreased. One assay was completed within 20 min. Good comparative results

Isao Karube; Eiichi Tamiya

1987-01-01

157

An Industry Redefined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activities in 2006 pointed to strategic shifts in library automation. The dynamics of the business environment changed rapidly from a fragmented industry to a highly consolidated one. Though the integrated library system (ILS) continues to represent the largest portion of revenue, products that deal with electronic content and deliver better…

Breeding, Marshall

2007-01-01

158

Financial Industry Perspectives, 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Financial Industry Perspectives is an annual collection of articles from the Supervision and Risk Management Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. This year's articles include the topics of Internet banking, rural development, and enhancing the value of community banks.

159

The changing solar industry  

SciTech Connect

The July 1989 announcement that Atlantic Richfield had agreed to sell its ARCO Solar division to Siemens of West Germany sent shock waves throughout the U.S. photovoltaics (PV) industry, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and among investigators. The largest PV manufacturer in the world was being sold because it had failed to make enough money for its parent company, and a foreign company was purchasing it - presumably because no U.S. company or investor package had come up with a high enough offer. Given the millions of dollars in government financed research and development funds that ARCO had benefited from, some government officials talked of blocking the sale, an effort that could only have succeeded if it was demonstrated that the sale would compromise national security - which was not the case. With the acquisition scheduled to be completed on February 28, 1990 - the newly acquired company will be called Siemens Solar Industries - many in the industry were wondering what the impact on the industry would be. Would buy-America sentiment help Siemens Solar's competitors Would investors become nervous over the potential profitability of any PV companies and pull back Would it become more difficult to obtain R D funds from a now gun-shy Department of Energy These questions are discussed.

Wilson, A.

1990-03-01

160

Workshop - industrial robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The robotics workshop consists of a tutorial and a discussion. The workshop objectives are to provide both the comprehensive fundamentals of robot technology and the WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, and HOW of its applications and limitations. Industrial robots are considered to be a principal tool to improve manufacturing productivity and product quality during the 80's and beyond. They are one of

Hriday R. Prasad

1982-01-01

161

Industrial Education Safety Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California is one of the few states in which school districts have a legal responsibility for accidents involving students while they are participating in assigned school activities. This guide was prepared to help school administrators and teachers evaluate their safety instruction programs and industrial education facilities in accordance with…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

162

Petroleum industry in Iran  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the oil industry in Iran from the early discovery of oil nearly two hundred years ago in Mazandaran (north part) to the development of a giant modern industry in the twentieth century. Chapter I presents a brief historical setting to introduce the reader to the importance of oil in Iran. It focuses on the economic implications of the early oil concessions in the period 1901 to 1951. Chapter II discusses the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry and creation of NIOC in 1951 and the international political and economic implication of these activities. Chapter III explains the activities of NIOC in Iran. Exploration and drilling, production, exports, refineries, natural gas, petrochemicals and internal distributions are studied. Chapter IV discusses the role of the development planning of Iran. A brief presentation of the First Development Plan through the Fifth Development Plan is given. Sources and uses of funds by plan organization during these Five Plans is studied. The Iran and Iraq War is also studied briefly, but the uncertainty of its resolution prevents any close analysis of its impact on the Iranian oil industry. One conclusion, however, is certain; oil has been a vital resource in Iran's past and it will remain the lifetime of its economic development in the future.

Farideh, A.

1981-01-01

163

University-industry interaction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is posited that university industry interaction is highly desirable from the viewpoint of the long term economic development of the country as well as being desirable for the Space Grant Programs. The present and future possible interactions are reviewed for the three university levels namely, undergraduate, graduate, and faculty research.

Hastings, Daniel E.

1990-01-01

164

Federal Prison Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

UNICOR, the trade name for Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (FPI), is a government-owned corporation that employs offenders incarcerated in correctional facilities under the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). UNICOR manufactures products and provides services that are sold to executive agencies in the federal government. FPI was created to serve as a means for managing, training, and rehabilitating inmates in the

Nathan James

2007-01-01

165

Manufacturing (Industrial) Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 35 units to consider for use in a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of manufacturing (industrial) technician. All the units listed will not necessarily apply to every situation or tech prep consortium, nor will all the competencies within each unit be appropriate. Several units appear within each specific…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

166

Commercial and Industrial Wiring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the third in a series of three wiring publications, includes additional technical knowledge and applications required for job entry in the commercial and industrial wiring trade. The module contains 15 instructional units that cover the following topics: blueprint reading and load calculations; tools and equipment; service;…

Kaltwasser, Stan; Flowers, Gary

167

2001 Industry Studies: Energy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Energy is the grease that lubricates the U.S. economic wheel. It truly affects all our endeavors and is inextricably linked to our national security. The U.S. energy industry is robust, competitive and rapidly evolving. Recent events in California and ris...

G. Cacic S. Fairbairn A. Fulgham M. Kammer T. Kazmierski

2001-01-01

168

Developments in industrial microbiology  

SciTech Connect

This book contains the proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the Society for Industrial Microbiology which was held at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul. Symposia on topics such as agriculture, food chemicals, process development, and health care provided insight into the application of the new technology - Biotechnology. Other papers on microbiology of subsurface environment and groundwater contamination are included.

Nash, C.H. III; Underkofler, L.A.

1983-01-01

169

Working with Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As community colleges focus on becoming more efficient and preparing more students for success in a climate of reduced state and federal funding, many institutions are reaching out to neighbors in business and industry, forming partnerships and working together to achieve goals that require money and resources colleges are unlikely to raise on…

Ullman, Ellen

2012-01-01

170

Air Pollution and Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is an authoritative reference and practical guide designed to help the plant engineer identify and solve industrial air pollution problems in order to be able to meet current air pollution regulations. Prepared under the editorial supervision of an experienced chemical engineer, with each chapter contributed by an expert in his field,…

Ross, R. D., Ed.

171

Industrial Arts Test Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet is designed to assist teachers in improving locally developed classroom tests. It is a collection of 674 sample multiple-choice questions (with scoring keys) intended primarily for use as pretests, quizzes, or final examinations by secondary level teachers. The questions are organized around four industrial arts subject areas: drawing,…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Industrial Arts Education.

172

Steel Industry Wastes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of wastes from steel industry, covering publications of 1976-77. This review covers: (1) coke production; (2) iron and steel production; (3) rolling operations; and (4) surface treatment. A list of 133 references is also presented. (NM)

Schmidtke, N. W.; Averill, D. W.

1978-01-01

173

Telecommunications Industry Revenues 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides an overview of U.S. telecommunications industry revenues and contributions to the universal service support mechanisms over the past decade. The last report was released September 3, 2009. Most of the data for 2008 are taken from Apri...

J. Lande K. Lynch

2010-01-01

174

DIAPER INDUSTRY WORKSHOP REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This report is the product of a one-day workshop on the diaper industry that was sponsored by the U.S. EPA. our topics covered during the workshop were public health and safety, recycling, composting, and product life cycle analysis. he primary objective of the workshop was to id...

175

Water Pollution Control Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A special report on the state of the water pollution control industry reveals that due to forthcoming federal requirements, sales and the backlogs should increase; problems may ensue because of shortages of materials and inflation. Included are reports from various individual companies. (MLB)

Environmental Science and Technology, 1974

1974-01-01

176

Industrial Organic Electrosynthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four examples of industrial electrochemical synthesis of organic compounds are described. These include acrylonitrile dimerization, tetramethyl lead, electrochemical fluorination, and production of diacetone-2-keto-L-gulonic acid. Additional examples are also cited, including the production of several compounds by the BASF company of Germany. (JN)

Wagenknecht, John H.

1983-01-01

177

Smart sensors in industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological progress in microelectronics has contributed to the emergence of the concept of the 'smart' or 'intelligent' sensor. A smart sensor will be essentially composed of: transducers; conditioners; an appropriate power supply; an inner computation capability; a communication interface, for digital information; and an identification. The technologies involved for these components are discussed. These include: synergy with local industrial networks;

J.-M. Favennec

1987-01-01

178

Outflanking the Rankings Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author argues that American higher education is allowing itself to be held hostage by the rankings industry, which can lead institutions to consider actions harmful to the public interest and encourage the public's infatuation with celebrity at the expense of substance. Instead of sitting quietly by during the upcoming ratings…

McGuire, Patricia

2007-01-01

179

Agribusiness Industry, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Agribusiness industry feeds some 300 million Americans daily, provides nearly 13% of the Gross Domestic Product and, throughout its value chain, employs approximately 17% of all U.S. workers. Of the three main responsibilities of a sovereign stat...

A. Bruins D. Giordano F. Gayl M. Beck T. Fox

2006-01-01

180

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 6. THE INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC CHEMICALS INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The catalog of Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use was developed as an aid in defining the environmental impacts of industrial activity in the U.S. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of the study. Industrial organic chemica...

181

Industrial ecotoxicology "acid rain".  

PubMed

The acid rain phenomenon was studied in the province of Cordoba, Argentina. This study, based on a previously outlined framework, determined the anthropogenic origin of the low pH due to the presence of industrial hydrochloric acid wastage. This industrial ecotoxicological phenomenon seriously affected the forest wealth, causing a great defoliation of trees and shrubs, with a lower effect on crops. A survey on its effects on human beings has not been carried out, but considering the corrosion caused to different metals and its denouncing biocide effect on plants and animals, we should expect to find some kind of harm to the health of the workers involved or others engaged in farming, and even to those who are far away from the polluting agent. PMID:3758667

Astolfi, E; Gotelli, C; Higa, J

1986-01-01

182

Coal industry annual 1993  

SciTech Connect

Coal Industry Annual 1993 replaces the publication Coal Production (DOE/FIA-0125). This report presents additional tables and expanded versions of tables previously presented in Coal Production, including production, number of mines, Productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. This report also presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for a wide audience including the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In addition, Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility Power Producers who are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. This consumption is estimated to be 5 million short tons in 1993.

Not Available

1994-12-06

183

Coal industry annual 1997  

SciTech Connect

Coal Industry Annual 1997 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. US Coal production for 1997 and previous years is based on the annual survey EIA-7A, Coal Production Report. This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report includes a national total coal consumption for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

184

Industrial heat pump assessment study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report summarizes preliminary studies that assess the potential of industrial heat pumps for reduction of process heating requirements in industries receiving power from the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). This project was initiated at the request of BPA to determine the potential of industrial heat pumps in BPA's service area. Working from known heat pump principles and from a list of BPA's industrial customers, the authors estimated the fuel savings potential for six industries. Findings indicate that the pulp and paper industry would yield the greatest fuel savings and increased electrical consumption. Assessments presented in this report represent a cooperative effort between The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), and Battelle-Northwest Laboratories.

Chappell, R. N.; Priebe, S. J.; Wilfert, G. L.

1989-03-01

185

Industrial College of the Armed Forces Industry Studies 2002: Biotechnology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The biotechnology industry is critically important to the development of products that will improve health care, agriculture, industrial processes, environmental remediation, and biological defense. Biotechnology has been responsible for medical breakthro...

2002-01-01

186

Industrial College of the Armed Forces Industry Studies 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The economic recession finally caught up with the construction industry. Public works, institutional building, and housing are insufficient to maintain industry momentum in 2003. Overall value remains strong but there are few growth markets domestically o...

S. Austin K. Collier C. Cowell S. Farmer S. Fischer

2003-01-01

187

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

This article is the `Industry Briefs` portion of Nuexco`s June 1992 `Recent Developments` section. Specific items mentioned in this article include: (1) a new fuel fabrication facility in South Korea, (2) use of mixed-oxide fuel in Belgium, (3) privatization of nuclear plants in Argentina, (4) startup of Ohi-4 in Japan, (5) purchase of uranium properties in Wyoming, and (6) formation of an international utilities forum.

NONE

1992-06-01

188

Multifuel industrial steam generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An inefficient, unreliable steam generation and distribution system at the Red River Army Depot (Texarkana, Tex.), a major industrial facility of the federal government, was replaced with a modern, multifuel-burning steam plant. In the new plant, steam is generated by three high-pressure field-erected boilers burning 100 percent coal, 100 percent refuse, or any combination of the two, while maintaining particulate

Mesko

1991-01-01

189

Industrial Analytics Corporation  

SciTech Connect

The lost foam casting process is sensitive to the properties of the EPS patterns used for the casting operation. In this project Industrial Analytics Corporation (IAC) has developed a new low voltage x-ray instrument for x-ray radiography of very low mass EPS patterns. IAC has also developed a transmitted visible light method for characterizing the properties of EPS patterns. The systems developed are also applicable to other low density materials including graphite foams.

Industrial Analytics Corporation

2004-01-30

190

Industrial Computer Codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is an overview of new and updated industrial codes for seal design and testing. GCYLT (gas cylindrical seals -- turbulent), SPIRALI (spiral-groove seals -- incompressible), KTK (knife to knife) Labyrinth Seal Code, and DYSEAL (dynamic seal analysis) are covered. CGYLT uses G-factors for Poiseuille and Couette turbulence coefficients. SPIRALI is updated to include turbulence and inertia, but maintains the narrow groove theory. KTK labyrinth seal code handles straight or stepped seals. And DYSEAL provides dynamics for the seal geometry.

Shapiro, Wilbur

1996-01-01

191

Society of Chemical Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society of Chemical Industry is "an international association of about 6000 members aimed at furthering applied chemistry." One of the highlights of its web site is its publication section, where, under "electronic publications," readers can find updated daily news, jobs and meetings listings on chemistry, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and the environment. The SCI home page also carries information about the organization, as well as details about its over 35 subject and geographical groups and their meeting schedules.

192

Application to Industrial Furnace  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter we go on to consider an industrial furnace situation. A furnace consists of a heat source (burner producing\\u000a a flame), a heat sink (the tube bank of a boiler or heat exchanger, or cooling tubes), and the refractory walls. The discussion\\u000a here is on application of the developed method to the classical radiative heat transfer problem in

Aristide Mbiock; Roman Weber

193

Industrial labor relations manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Industrial Labor Relations Manual provides internal guidelines and procedures to assist NASA Field Installations in dealing with contractor labor management disputes, Service Contract Act variance hearings, and to provide access of Labor Union Representatives to NASA for the purpose of maintaining schedules and goals in connection with vital NASA programs. This manual will be revised by page changes as revisions become necessary. Initial distribution of this manual has been made to NASA Headquarters and Field Installations.

1992-01-01

194

Distance collaborations with industry  

SciTech Connect

The college industry relationship has been identified as a key policy issue in Engineering Education. Collaborations between academic institutions and the industrial sector have a long history and a bright future. For Engineering and Engineering Technology programs in particular, industry has played a crucial role in many areas including advisement, financial support, and practical training of both faculty and students. Among the most important and intimate interactions are collaborative projects and formal cooperative education arrangements. Most recently, such collaborations have taken on a new dimension, as advances in technology have made possible meaningful technical collaboration at a distance. There are several obvious technology areas that have contributed significantly to this trend. Foremost is the ubiquitous presence of the Internet. Perhaps almost as important are advances in computer based imaging. Because visual images offer a compelling user experience, it affords greater knowledge transfer efficiency than other modes of delivery. Furthermore, the quality of the image appears to have a strongly correlated effect on insight. A good visualization facility offers both a means for communication and a shared information space for the subjects, which are among the essential features of both peer collaboration and distance learning.

Peskin, A.; Swyler, K.

1998-06-01

195

Chemical Industry Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In March 2001, PBS aired a disturbing two-hour special hosted by Bill Moyers that explores the history of the chemical revolution of the past 50 years and how companies have long sought to withhold information from the public and their employees about the safety of many substances. The program draws on a large collection of previously secret industry documents unearthed during a ten-year lawsuit by the family of a man who died from a rare brain cancer after working at a vinyl-chloride plant. The family's lawyer eventually charged all vinyl-chloride-producing companies with conspiracy, and the discovery process brought to light hundreds of thousands of pages of documents which reveal a closely planned and well-executed campaign to limit regulation of toxic chemicals and the liability of manufacturers and to withhold important health information from all parties. A large selection of these internal documents, over 37,000 pages, is available at the Chemical Industry Archives, created by the Environmental Working Group. The site offers several essays on the archive and the industry, including a selection of some egregious examples of companies hiding or denying known health risks of their products. The archive itself may be searched by keyword with several modifiers. The documents are presented in .pdf format. This site is sure to become an extremely important resource for health activists, journalists, and the concerned public.

2001-01-01

196

Poultry Industry Energy Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The poultry industry, a multi-billion dollar business in the United States, uses great amounts of energy in such operations as broiler growing, feed manufacturing, poultry processing and packing. Higher costs and limited supply of fuels common to the industry are predicted, so poultry producers are seeking ways to reduce energy expenditure. NASA is providing assistance to Delmarva Poultry Industry, Inc., an association of some 4,000 growers and suppliers in one of the nation's largest poultry production areas. Delmarva is the East Coast peninsula that includes Delaware and parts of Maryland and Virginia. The upper right photo shows a weather station in the Delmarva area (wind indicator on the pole, other instruments in the elevated box). The station is located at the University of Maryland's Broiler Sub-station, Salisbury; Maryland, where the university conducts research on poultry production and processing. The sub-station is investigating ways of conserving energy in broiler production and also exploring the potential of solar collectors as an alternative energy source. For these studies, it is essential that researchers have continuous data on temperature, pressure, wind speed and direction, solar intensity and cloud cover. Equipment to acquire such data was loaned and installed by NASA's Wallops Flight Center, Wallops Island, Virginia.

1979-01-01

197

The Computer Industry. High Technology Industries: Profiles and Outlooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of meetings was held to assess future problems in United States high technology, particularly in the fields of robotics, computers, semiconductors, and telecommunications. This report, which focuses on the computer industry, includes a profile of this industry and the papers presented by industry speakers during the meetings. The profile…

International Trade Administration (DOC), Washington, DC.

198

Industrial Technology Programs: The Influence of Industry on Program Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents data collected concerning concepts and skills which should be emphasized in the general academic curriculum and in the industrial technology curriculum, recommended minor fields of study for industrial technology majors, characteristics of successful employees, and present and future professional industrial employment needs in the…

Kozak, Michael R.; Richards, John V.

1981-01-01

199

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 8. PESTICIDES INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The catalog was developed to aid in defining the environmental impacts of U.S. industrial activity. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of the catalog. The pesticides industry produces organic chemicals used: to control agricultural pests...

200

EDITORIAL: Industrial Process Tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There has been tremendous development within measurement science and technology over the past couple of decades. New sensor technologies and compact versatile signal recovery electronics are continuously expanding the limits of what can be measured and the accuracy with which this can be done. Miniaturization of sensors and the use of nanotechnology push these limits further. Also, thanks to powerful and cost-effective computer systems, sophisticated measurement and reconstruction algorithms previously only accessible in advanced laboratories are now available for in situ online measurement systems. The process industries increasingly require more process-related information, motivated by key issues such as improved process control, process utilization and process yields, ultimately driven by cost-effectiveness, quality assurance, environmental and safety demands. Industrial process tomography methods have taken advantage of the general progress in measurement science, and aim at providing more information, both quantitatively and qualitatively, on multiphase systems and their dynamics. The typical approach for such systems has been to carry out one local or bulk measurement and assume that this is representative of the whole system. In some cases, this is sufficient. However, there are many complex systems where the component distribution varies continuously and often unpredictably in space and time. The foundation of industrial tomography is to conduct several measurements around the periphery of a multiphase process, and use these measurements to unravel the cross-sectional distribution of the process components in time and space. This information is used in the design and optimization of industrial processes and process equipment, and also to improve the accuracy of multiphase system measurements in general. In this issue we are proud to present a selection of the 145 papers presented at the 5th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography in Bergen, September 2007. Interestingly, x-ray technologies, one of the first imaging modalities available, keep on moving the limits on both spatial and temporal measurement resolution; experimental results of less than 100 nm and several thousand frames/s are reported, respectively. Important progress is demonstrated in research and development on sensor technologies and algorithms for data processing and image reconstruction, including unconventional sensor design and adaptation of the sensors to the application in question. The number of applications to which tomographic methods are applied is steadily increasing, and results obtained in a representative selection of applications are included. As guest editors we would like express our appreciation and thanks to all authors who have contributed and to IOP staff for excellent collaboration in the process of finalizing this special feature.

Anton Johansen, Geir; Wang, Mi

2008-09-01

201

Industry Sector Analysis Mexico: Petrochemicals.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Industry Sector Analyses (I.S.A.) for the petrochemical industry contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users, receptivity of Mexican consumers to U.S. products, the competitive situation - Mexican production, t...

1991-01-01

202

Technological Diversification of Japanese Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an approach for measuring industrial technological diversification behavior. Identifies sectoral patterns of Japanese industry as related to diversification behaviors. Delineates the mechanisms and effectiveness of Japanese corporate and government policies relevant to diversification. (ML)

Kodama, Fumio

1986-01-01

203

Industry Sector Analysis Canada: Crustaceans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service officers in Canada prepare market surveys for those industry sectors which offer the best sales prospects for American firms. These Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contain statistical and narrative information on projected m...

J. Snyder

1991-01-01

204

Strengthening University-Industry Interactions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three broad approaches to strengthening university-industry interactions to promote industrial innovation are direct corporate funding of university research, cooperative (cost shared) research, and measures to enhance knowledge transfer and the exchange ...

W. S. Baer

1980-01-01

205

Industrializing the Residential Construction Site.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines the means and methods available for integrating and industrializing the housing construction site and the housing industry. Historically, governmental leadership in the development of advanced materials and construction techniques for...

M. O'Brien R. Wakefield Y. Beliveau

2000-01-01

206

Industry Sector Analysis Mexico: Resorts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Industry Sector Analyses (I.S.A.) for the Mexican resort industry contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users, receptivity of Mexican consumers to U.S. products, the competitive situation - Mexican production, ...

L. P. Sanroman

1990-01-01

207

Energy Management for Industrial Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook contains a large number of practical, energy conserving suggestions covering industrial plant operations and management. It is designed to be helpful both to managers and operators of industrial processing plants--large and small.

1976-01-01

208

Industrial Engineering Education: A Prospective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the origin of the industrial engineering discipline and how the subject was taught in the early stages of its development. Describes current changes in the curricula to meet new requirements in industry. (Author/CCM)

Elsayed, E. A.

1999-01-01

209

Summary of Industry Perspectives Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To increase the number and variety of industry viewpoints recorded by Industry Perspective (IP) efforts and to enhance the validity of these viewpoints, the IP program's scope was widened in 1985 to include interactions with the Society of Automotive Engi...

R. P. Larsen

1985-01-01

210

Techniques for industrial pollution prevention  

SciTech Connect

This book is a catalog of seventy-three techniques to reduce/eliminate of recycle/reuse wastes, now operating in one hundred and twenty one industrial plants in seven different industries. Each technique is described and illustrated. Industries represented include: chemical; food and beverage; plating; construction materials; metallurgy; textiles; tannery; pulp and paper.

Overcash, M.R.; De Hertogh, M.D.

1986-01-01

211

Risk management in semiconductor industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of risk management in semiconductor industry is acknowledged by semiconductor industry. Risk management department should be independent to any other department and reports directly to top management (president) in the company. The organization of risk management should include (but not limit to) aspects of risk control, loss prevention, emergency response, insurance, industrial safety and health, environmental protection, medication,

Kochun Mou; Guang-Hann Chen

2004-01-01

212

INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS TO MILITARY PERSONNEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industrial chemical health threat to the US military is growing. The increasing threat is due both to the more frequent use of industrial chemicals and infrastructure as weapons of war and opportunity, and to recent military operations in urban and industrial environments where accidents or terrorism may cause large-scale chemical releases. Using traditional single-scenario modeling techniques, it is difficult

D. P. Bacon; R. M. Garrett; P. L. Liotta; D. E. Mays; T. E. Miller

2005-01-01

213

Technological Change in Regulated Industries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this volume discuss how well industries operating under government regulation respond to technical innovation: do the effects of regulations vary among industries, and if so, does this result from variations in the regulatory approach, the organization of the firms, or the nature of the technology? Industries considered include…

Capron, William M., Ed.

214

National Growth Industries Research Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to develop a method of identifying 'growth industries' in the economy. A list of industries evidencing high potential for minority business entry is developed, then analysis on these selected industries is made to describe in...

1981-01-01

215

Industrial jet noise: Coanda nozzles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the U.K. manufacturing industries noise from industrial jets ranks third as a major contributor to industrial deafness. Noise control is hindered because use is made of the air once it has exuded from the nozzle exit. Important tasks include swarf removal, paint spreading, cooling, etc. Nozzles which employ the Coanda effect appear to offer the possibility of significant noise

P. Li; N. A. Halliwell

1985-01-01

216

Aluminum: Industry of the future  

SciTech Connect

For over a century, the US aluminum industry has led the global market with advances in technology, product development, and marketing. Industry leaders recognize both the opportunities and challenges they face as they head into the 21st century, and that cooperative R and D is key to their success. In a unique partnership, aluminum industry leaders have teamed with the US Department of Energy`s Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) to focus on innovative technologies that will help to strengthen the competitive position of the US aluminum industry and, at the same time, further important national goals. This industry-led partnership, the Aluminum Industry of the Future, promotes technologies that optimize the use of energy and materials in operations and reduce wastes and energy-related emissions. Led by The Aluminum Association, industry leaders began by developing a unified vision of future market, business, energy, and environmental goals. Their vision document, Partnerships for the Future, articulates a compelling vision for the next 20 years: to maintain and grow the aluminum industry through the manufacture and sale of competitively priced, socially desirable, and ecologically sustainable products. Continued global leadership in materials markets will require the combined resources of industry, universities, and government laboratories. By developing a unified vision, the aluminum industry has provided a framework for the next step in the Industries of the Future process, the development of a technology roadmap designed to facilitate cooperative R and D.

NONE

1998-11-01

217

The US Cruise Ship Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cruise ship industry relates directly to many features of the natural and cultural environments. The U.S. cruise ship industry is analyzed. Discusses the size of the industry, precruise passenger liners, current cruise ships, cruise regions and routes, ports of call, major ports, passengers, and future prospects. (RM)

Miller, Willis H.

1985-01-01

218

Job Prospects for Industrial Engineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses 1987 statistics from the College Placement Council regarding new job offers to graduating industrial engineers. Identifies trends in hiring in the field. Describes several issues that will face industrial engineers. States that the industrial engineers most likely to win jobs are those with good basic mathematics and communications…

Basta, Nicholas

1988-01-01

219

SNE Industrial Fieldbus Interface  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Programmable logic controllers (PLCs) have very limited diagnostic and no prognostic capabilities, while current smart sensor designs do not have the capability to communicate over Fieldbus networks. The aim is to interface smart sensors with PLCs so that health and status information, such as failure mode identification and measurement tolerance, can be communicated via an industrial Fieldbus such as ControlNet. The SNE Industrial Fieldbus Interface (SIFI) is an embedded device that acts as a communication module in a networked smart sensor. The purpose is to enable a smart sensor to communicate health and status information to other devices, such as PLCs, via an industrial Fieldbus networking protocol. The SNE (Smart Network Element) is attached to a commercial off-the-shelf Any bus-S interface module through the SIFI. Numerous Anybus-S modules are available, each one designed to interface with a specific Fieldbus. Development of the SIFI focused on communications using the ControlNet protocol, but any of the Anybus-S modules can be used. The SIFI communicates with the Any-bus module via a data buffer and mailbox system on the Anybus module, and supplies power to the module. The Anybus module transmits and receives data on the Fieldbus using the proper protocol. The SIFI is intended to be connected to other existing SNE modules in order to monitor the health and status of a transducer. The SIFI can also monitor aspects of its own health using an onboard watchdog timer and voltage monitors. The SIFI also has the hardware to drive a touchscreen LCD (liquid crystal display) unit for manual configuration and status monitoring.

Lucena, Angel; Raines, Matthew; Oostdyk, Rebecca; Mata, Carlos

2011-01-01

220

Coal Industry Annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 21 million short tons for 1995.

NONE

1996-10-01

221

UCSF Tobacco Industry Videos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Tobacco Industry Video collection contains over 3700 items documenting the advertising, manufacturing, marketing, sales, and scientific research of tobacco products and other materials gathered and produced by tobacco control advocates. Some of the items covered include historic ads for cigarettes, recordings of cigarette focus groups, corporate communications, and recordings of television news coverage on tobacco issues. Visitors can browse around by subject or keyword and they can also look at the "Most Downloaded Items Last Week" area to get a sense of what other folks are finding particularly interesting.

222

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

Recent nuclear industry briefs are presented. These briefs include: Chernobyl closure announced; Pakaistan reopens Baghalchar Uranium Mine; Czechoslovakia delays Temelin-1 and -2; Queensland Mines Ltd. to sell stockpile; Cameco locates major deposit at McArthur River; South Africa likely to sign nonproliferation treaty; EdF seeks approval to build seven new plants; New Orleans Public Service sale tabled; Operation license issued for Melox Plant; NRC to announce proposed rule for extending plant licenses for 20 years; Swiss nuclear utilities plan to increase unit capacities; and Vandellos 1 permanently closed.

NONE

1990-06-01

223

Space industrialization opportunities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current status of efforts to develop commercial space projects is surveyed, with a focus on US programs, in reviews and reports presented at the Second Symposium on Space Industrialization held in Huntsville in February 1984. Areas explored include policy, legal, and economic aspects; communications; materials processing; earth-resources observation; and the role of space carriers and a space station. Also included in the volume are 132 brief descriptions of the NASA Microgravity Science and Applications Program Tasks as of December 1984. These tasks cover the fields electronics materials; solidification of metals, alloys, and composites; fields and transport phenomena; biotechnology; glass and ceramics; combustion science; and experimental technology.

Jernigan, C. M. (editor); Pentecost, E. (editor)

1985-01-01

224

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

This article is the `Industry Briefs` portion of Nuexco`s August 2992 `Recent Developments` section. Specific items discussed include: (1) non-proliferation in Argentina and Brazil, (2) a joint-venture uranium leaching project in the USA, (3) life extension for Yankee Rowe, (4) contracts for nuclear plants in the Republic of Korea, (5) cleanup of Wismut, (6) record operation of Three Mile Island-1, Oconee-1, and Cook-1, (7) closure of Kozloduy units, (8) China`s ascension to the non-proliferation treaty, and (9) a centrifuge enrichment facility in Japan.

NONE

1991-08-01

225

Industrial Transformation Science Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, this "Industrial Transformation Science Plan" incorporates a multidisciplinary research effort which is "based on the assumption that important changes in production and consumption systems will be required in order to meet the needs and aspirations of a growing world population while using environmental resources in a sustainable manner." The plan has combined the input of experts in a wide range of social science disciplines with that of experts from both life and physical sciences.

226

Coal industry annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States.This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 24 million short tons for 1996. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

NONE

1997-11-01

227

Industrial application experiment series  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two procurements within the Industrial Application Experiment Series of the Thermal Power Systems Project are discussed. The first procurement, initiated in April 1980, resulted in an award to the Applied Concepts Corporation for the Capital Concrete Experiment: two Fresnel concentrating collectors will be evaluated in single-unit installations at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Parabolic Dish Test Site and at Capitol Concrete Products, Topeka, Kansas. The second procurement, initiated in March 1981, is titled, "Thermal System Engineering Experiment B." The objective of the procurement is the rapid deployment of developed parabolic dish collectors.

Bluhm, S. A.

1981-01-01

228

Assessment of Industrial Hazardous Waste Practices, Rubber and Plastics Industry. Rubber Products Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This industry study is one of a series under the Office of Solid Waste Management Program of the Hazardous Waste Management Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The report concentrates on the rubber and plastics industry. It characterizes these...

J. M. Kushnir S. F. Nagy

1978-01-01

229

Industrial Site Characterization: Federal Sector  

SciTech Connect

Section 203 of Executive Order 13123 requires all Federal agencies to reduce energy consumption. While there is an exemption for Federal laboratories and research and development facilities, industrial facilities do not fall under this program. The goal of this task was to identify and characterize key industrial Federal sites to assist in establishment of a support program for energy reduction in Federal industrial facilities. This document identifies key industrial sites in both the Defense Department and civilian agencies that could be prime candidates for energy-efficiency improvements. For these targeted agencies, location, gross square footage, and site energy consumption, cost and general industrial process information is provided (if available).

McMordie-Stoughton, Katherine L.; Koehler, Theresa M.

2002-03-29

230

Network structure of inter-industry flows  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the structure of inter-industry relationships using networks of money flows between industries in 45 national economies. We find these networks vary around a typical structure characterized by a Weibull link weight distribution, exponential industry size distribution, and a common community structure. The community structure is hierarchical, with the top level of the hierarchy comprising five industry communities: food industries, chemical industries, manufacturing industries, service industries, and extraction industries.

McNerney, James; Fath, Brian D.; Silverberg, Gerald

2013-12-01

231

Industrial Maintenance Strategies  

SciTech Connect

Industrial plants have become more complex due to technological advancement. This has made the task of maintenance more difficult. The maintenance costs in terms of resources and downtime loss are so high that maintenance function has become a critical factor in a plant's profitability. Industry should devote as much forethought to the management of maintenance function as to production. Maintenance has grown from an art to a precise, technical engineering science. Planning, organizing scheduling and control of maintenance using modern techniques pays dividends in the form of reduced costs and increased reliability. The magnitude and the dimension of maintenance have multiplied due to development in the engineering technologies. Production cost and capacities are directly affected by the breakdown time. Total operating cost including the maintenance cost plays an important role in replacement dimension. The integrated system approach would bring forth the desired results of high maintenance standards. The standards once achieved and sustained, would add to the reliability of the plan and relieve heavy stresses and strains on the engineering logistic support. (author)

Sajjad Akbar [Riphah International University, 274-Peshawar Road Rawalpindi (Pakistan)

2006-07-01

232

Museum of History & Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded by a band of historically-minded Seattleites in 1911, the Seattle Historical Society would later go on to create The Museum of History & Industry (MOHAI) in 1952. Since that time, MOHAI has been intimately involved with preserving and interpreting various aspects of Pacific Northwest history for both the curious public and scholars. Their website offers a few very nice highlights of some of their collections, including a photograph archive that contains approximately 4000 images. Visitors should also take a look at one of the several dozen oral history transcripts here, which feature discussions with men and women who have been involved in the information technology and manufacturing industries in the region. Those who find themselves in or around Seattle will want to look over the information offered here about visiting the actual museum as well. The site is rounded out by a very fun selection of audio clips, including one of the official theme songs of the 1962 Seattle World's Fair and another audio segment that features Bing Crosby waxing philosophic about his love for his native Washington state.

233

Computer Technology for Industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this age of the computer, more and more business firms are automating their operations for increased efficiency in a great variety of jobs, from simple accounting to managing inventories, from precise machining to analyzing complex structures. In the interest of national productivity, NASA is providing assistance both to longtime computer users and newcomers to automated operations. Through a special technology utilization service, NASA saves industry time and money by making available already developed computer programs which have secondary utility. A computer program is essentially a set of instructions which tells the computer how to produce desired information or effect by drawing upon its stored input. Developing a new program from scratch can be costly and time-consuming. Very often, however, a program developed for one purpose can readily be adapted to a totally different application. To help industry take advantage of existing computer technology, NASA operates the Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC)(registered TradeMark),located at the University of Georgia. COSMIC maintains a large library of computer programs developed for NASA, the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy and other technology-generating agencies of the government. The Center gets a continual flow of software packages, screens them for adaptability to private sector usage, stores them and informs potential customers of their availability.

1979-01-01

234

Heat recovery from industry  

SciTech Connect

Heating and/or cooling are often important parts of industrial processes. Well-designed systems have integrated heating and cooling processes, although in many instances this cannot be done. In such cases the heat subtracted by the cooling process is rejected to the environment. Energy experts pay much attention to the efficient use of energy and utilization of waste energy world-wide. There are several good examples for both process integration and heat recovery. But there are also many cases both in Hungary and elsewhere in which, due to the special economic environment, distorted energy-price structure, or lack of motivation, not enough care was taken regarding this issue or potential projects were not implemented. This article presents two cases where waste heat of industrial processes could be used for district heating. This would result in reduced fuel consumption and decreased heat pollution. The examples also demonstrate how waste-heat sources can be interconnected and integrated to district heating systems. Considerable changes in the economic environment and environmental protection legislation as well as novel technologies are needed to encourage the exploration and utilization of such opportunities in Hungary and other countries.

Zebik, A.; Baliko, S. [Technical Univ. Budapest (Hungary). Dept. of System and Control Engineering; Mont, J. [Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK (United States)

1997-12-31

235

Tobacco Industry Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Announced by US Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Donna E. Shalala on November 18, the day of the Great American Smokeout, this important new site will allow the public, for the first time, to conduct searches of key tobacco industry documents "made public by state lawsuits, congressional subpoenas, and the November 1998 master settlement agreement." The site is composed of four major sections. The most relevant of these for general users is the Minnesota Select Set, a full-text, searchable database with about 350,000 pages of viewable documents selected by Minnesota lawyers as key to the state's trial. Second is the searchable citation index, or the 4B Index. The 4B Index represents approximately 4 million documents, totalling 27 million pages, that are stored at the Minnesota Depository. Users may submit requests online or by fax for hard copies. Some of the cited documents may also be found via the collection of annotated links to sites that hold tobacco industry documents, most of which are maintained by the various tobacco companies and are supposed to mirror the documents in the Minnesota Tobacco Document Depository, according to the Master Settlement Agreement. Background and search tips are provided to help users navigate these sites. The fourth major section is a collection of approximately 7,000 selected British American Tobacco Company documents from Guildford, England, which are stored in Minnesota as part of the Minnesota Select Set and may be viewed online.

236

2013 mask industry survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comprehensive survey was sent to merchant and captive mask shops to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. 2013 marks the 12th consecutive year for this process. Historical topics including general mask profile, mask processing, data and write time, yield and yield loss, delivery times, maintenance, and returns were included and new topics were added. Within each category are multiple questions that result in a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the mask industry. While each year's survey includes minor updates based on feedback from past years and the need to collect additional data on key topics, the bulk of the survey and reporting structure have remained relatively constant. A series of improvements is being phased in beginning in 2013 to add value to a wider audience, while at the same time retaining the historical content required for trend analyses of the traditional metrics. Additions in 2013 include topics such as top challenges, future concerns, and additional details in key aspects of mask masking, such as the number of masks per mask set per ground rule, minimum mask resolution shipped, and yield by ground rule. These expansions beyond the historical topics are aimed at identifying common issues, gaps, and needs. They will also provide a better understanding of real-life mask requirements and capabilities for comparison to the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS).

Malloy, Matt

2013-09-01

237

Animal health pharmaceutical industry.  

PubMed

The animal health pharmaceutical industry has proactively reported on the volumes of member company antimicrobial active ingredients sold in the U.S. At the individual company level, reporting of finished product distribution data to the FDA is a regulatory requirement, with applications to surveillance and pharmacovigilance. An accounting of product manufactured is done for purposes of good business practices, as well as marketing analyses. Additional applications of antimicrobial usage data might include use in risk assessments, such as for the FDA's Center for Veterinary Medicine Guidance for Industry #152 for the evaluation of the microbiological safety of antimicrobials intended for use in food animals. Compilation of national usage data will be a complex undertaking, hindered by issues such as confidentiality, auditing, field use practice variations, population dynamics (e.g. disease incidence, market conditions for poultry and livestock production), and generic usage. The amounts or volumes in pounds should be considered relative to the large number of animals under husbandry in the United States. Large volumes might seem impressive unless put into proper context. Until such time as a clearly defined application of national usage data is agreed, it is recommended that local usage programs will provide more useful information to perpetuate prudent antimicrobial use in animals. PMID:16266763

Carnevale, Richard A; Shryock, Thomas R

2006-02-24

238

Research and Development in Industry: 1997  

NSF Publications Database

... Development in Industry: 1997 Hypertext Format Research and Development in Industry: 1997 Portable ... pdf) Research and Development in Industry: 1997 This report is available in hypertext (.htm) and ...

239

Research and Development in Industry: 1994  

NSF Publications Database

... in Industry: 1994 Hypertext Format Research and Development in Industry: 1994 Portable Document ... Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry: 1994 Last Modified: Wednesday, 26-Jul-00 ...

240

Research and Development in Industry: 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Research and Development in Industry: 2001 Funds, 2001 Scientists and Engineers, January 2002 ... in Industry: 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry: 2001 This ...

241

Research and Development in Industry: 2000  

NSF Publications Database

... Research and Development in Industry: 2000 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format Research ... Development in Industry: 2000 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry ...

242

Research and Development in Industry: 1999  

NSF Publications Database

... Research and Development in Industry: 1999 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format Research ... Development in Industry: 1999 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry ...

243

Research Projects in Industrial Technology.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this booklet is to briefly describe ongoing and completed projects being carried out by Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Industrial Technology Section. In the Pacific Northwest, the industrial sector is the largest of the four consuming sectors. It accounted for thirty-nine percent of the total firm demand in the region in 1987. It is not easy to asses the conservation potential in the industrial sector. Recognizing this, the Northwest Power Planning Council established an objective to gain information on the size, cost, and availability of the conservation resource in the industrial sector, as well as other sectors, in its 1986 Power Plan. Specifically, the Council recommended that BPA operate a research and development program in conjunction with industry to determine the potential costs and savings from efficiency improvements in industrial processes which apply to a wide array of industrial firms.'' The section, composed of multidisciplinary engineers, provides technical support to the Industrial Programs Branch by designing and carrying out research relating to energy conservation in the industrial sector. The projects contained in this booklet are arranged by sector --industrial, utility, and agricultural -- and, within each sector, chronologically from ongoing to completed, with those projects completed most recently falling first. For each project the following information is given: its objective approach, key findings, cost, and contact person. Completed projects also include the date of completion, a report title, and report number.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration. Industrial Technology Section.

1990-06-01

244

Wavelets in oil industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter, the role of wavelet methods applied to identification and characterization of oil reservoir is elaborated. The market rate of petroleum product is very much related to exploration, drilling and production cost. The main goal of researchers working in oil industry is to develop tools and techniques for minimizing cost of exploration and production. Efforts of researchers working in applications of wavelet methods in different parts of the world to achieve this goal is reviewed. Wavelet based solution of Buckley-Leverett equation modelling reservoir is discussed. Variants of Buckley-Leverett equations including its higher dimension versions are introduced. Wavelet methods for inverse problems associated with Buckley-Leverett equation, which are quite useful for oil recovery, are also explained in this chapter.

Siddiqi, A. H.

2012-07-01

245

Industry Council for Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The primary goal of the Industry Council for Development (ICD) is "to improve public health through practical partnership projects aimed at food safety and nutrition goals." Although the ICD is a private organization, it has official relations with the World Health Organization and the Food and Agricultural Organization. The ICD works with these organizations on practical action-oriented projects in the developing world that deal with issues like food safety and drinking water quality. On their homepage, visitors can learn about their leadership, read their mission statement, and learn about their thematic initiatives in areas like "Non-Communicable Diseases" and "Risk Analysis and Risk Assessment". Professionals in the field will be delighted to learn that the ICD has developed two training courses titled "The Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point" and "Food Safety". Both of these courses are available here, and visitors will want to share them with colleagues and others who might be working on related matters.

246

Software engineering in industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Can software be "engineered"? Can a few people with limited resources and a negligible budget produce high quality software solutions to complex software problems? It is possible to resolve the conflict between research activities and the necessity to view software development as a means to an end rather than as an end in itself? The aim of this paper is to encourage further thought and discussion on various topics which, in the author's experience, are becoming increasingly critical in large current software production and development projects, inside and outside high energy physics (HEP). This is done by briefly exploring some of the software engineering ideas and technologies now used in the information industry, using, as a case-study, a project with many similarities to those currently under way in HEP.

Story, C. M.

1989-12-01

247

Nanofluids: Future Industrial Coolants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanofluids have emerged as a major area of research due to significant increase found in their thermal conductivity compared to the base fluids like Water, Ethylene Glycol, Toluene, etc. The enhanced transport properties of nanofluids and heat transfer efficiency have given them an edge over micro to macro sized particle suspensions. These fluids find great applications in thermal management as industrial coolants and various biomedical applications including cancer therapy. Major mechanism appears to be layering of liquid molecules at the solid-particle surface to form an interfacial nanolayer. This paper describes the dependence of effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids on nanoparticle concentration and transport properties of interfacial layer. We have studied the role of interfacial layer and nanoparticle Al2O3 concentration to the effective thermal conductivity of Al2O3/Water based nanofluid. Effect of temperature and pressure has also been investigated. Estimated values are found to match excellently with the available experimental data.

Arora, Sakshi; Srivastava, Sunita

2011-12-01

248

Industrial hygiene forum  

SciTech Connect

On routine blood tests, two employees of a hospital Dental Service unit had elevated mercury levels. On 23 June 1986, an industrial hygienist made a mercury vapor survey of the area with the use of Jerome direct reading mercury vapor meter and collection on mercury vapor sampling tubes for laboratory analysis by flameless atomic absorption. No work practices were observed that would account for the elevated mercury levels in the blood. All airborne mercury levels were well below detectable limits. A box of Monoject purple top blood collection tubes used for collection of blood for mercury determination was examined. The box listed sodium ethylmercurithiosalicylate as the antimicrobial agent additive. The use of a mercurial preservative on samples for mercury determinations seemed totally inappropriate. Mercury vapor measurements that were made inside these tubes clearly indicated the presence of mercury.

Banks, O.M.; Hoiem, K.H.

1987-01-01

249

Industrial Inspection System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Lixi, Inc. has built a thriving business on NASA-developed x-ray technology. The Low Intensity X-ray Imaging scope (LIXI) was designed to use less than one percent of radiation required by conventional x-ray devices. It is portable and can be used for a variety of industrial inspection systems as well as medical devices. A food processing plant uses the new LIXI Conveyor system to identify small bone fragments in chicken. The chicken packages on a conveyor belt enter an x-ray chamber and the image is displayed on a monitor. Defects measuring less than a millimeter can be detected. An important advantage of the system is its ability to inspect 100 percent of the product right on the production line.

1993-01-01

250

Metal Casting: Industry of the Future.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This 8-page brochure describes the Office of Industrial Technologies Metal Casting Industry of The Future; a partnership between the Department of Energy and the metal casting industry established to increase industrial energy and cost efficiency.

2001-01-01

251

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...packaging tests, and record retention applicable to Industrial Packaging Type 1 (IP-1), Industrial Packaging Type 2 (IP-2), and Industrial Packaging Type 3 (IP-3). (b) Industrial packaging certification and tests . (1) Each...

2009-10-01

252

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...packaging tests, and record retention applicable to Industrial Packaging Type 1 (IP-1), Industrial Packaging Type 2 (IP-2), and Industrial Packaging Type 3 (IP-3). (b) Industrial packaging certification and tests . (1) Each...

2010-10-01

253

Industrial ecology analysis - final report  

SciTech Connect

This work is intended to contribute to the foundations for formalizing industrial ecology analyses of energy systems (systems for energy generation, transfer. or transformation) and to examine how the tools for performing these analyses can also enhance the field of industrial ecology in other applications. We discuss requirements for studying materials and energy , cycling in industrial processes. with particular emphasis on energy generating systems, through explicit inclusion of entropy concepts in industrial ecology considerations. This perspective is intended to contribute to the theoretical basis for industrial ecology, to the development of tools for comparing the ecological (human and environmental health. and institutional) impacts of energy generating and other industrial processes, and to possible changes in engineering curricula with emphasis on design.

Kastenberg, W.E.; Lowenthal, M.D.

1998-10-19

254

Financial risk of the biotech industry versus the pharmaceutical industry.  

PubMed

The biotech industry now accounts for a substantial and growing proportion of total R&D spending on new medicines. However, compared with the pharmaceutical industry, the biotech industry is financially fragile. This article illustrates the financial fragility of the biotech and pharmaceutical industries in the US and the implications of this fragility for the effects that government regulation could have on biotech firms. Graphical analysis and statistical tests were used to show how the biotech industry differs from the pharmaceutical industry. The two industries' characteristics were measured and compared, along with various measures of firms' financial risk and sensitivity to government regulation. Data from firms' financial statements provided accounting-based measures and firms' stock returns applied to a multifactor asset pricing model provided financial market measures. The biotech industry was by far the most research-intensive industry in the US, averaging 38% R&D intensity (ratio of R&D spending to total firm assets) over the past 25 years, compared with an average of 25% for the pharmaceutical industry and 3% for all other industries. Biotech firms exhibited lower and more volatile profits and higher market-related and size-related risk, and they suffered more negative stock returns in response to threatened government price regulation. Biotech firms' financial risks increase their costs of capital and make them more sensitive to government regulations that affect their financial prospects. As biotech products grow to represent a larger share of new medicines, general stock market conditions and government regulations could have a greater impact on the level of innovation of new medicines. PMID:19799470

Golec, Joseph; Vernon, John A

2009-01-01

255

Industrial applications of THz systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz TDS) holds high potential as a non-destructive, non-contact testing tool. We have identified a plethora of emerging industrial applications such as quality control of industrial processes and products in the plastics industry. Polymers are transparent to THz waves while additives show a significantly higher permittivity. This dielectric contrast allows for detecting the additive concentration and the

S. Wietzke; C. Jansen; C. Jördens; N. Krumbholz; N. Vieweg; M. Scheller; M. K. Shakfa; D. Romeike; T. Hochrein; M. Mikulics; M. Koch

2009-01-01

256

The Economics of Network Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book introduces upper-level undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers to the latest developments in network economics, one of the fastest-growing fields in all industrial organization. Network industries include the Internet, e-mail, telephony, computer hardware and software, music and video players, and service operations in the banking, legal, and airlines industries among many others. The work offers an overview of the

Oz Shy

2001-01-01

257

Medical Device Industry Educatinon Cosortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Medical Device Industry Education Consortium (MDIEC) was formed to build a learning and innovation network to develop and deliver industry-endorsed solutions that address critical industry-defined technical education and training needs. St. Petersburg College (SPC) led a group of Eight Community Colleges and Fifteen Industry partners to co-found the consortium. A Department of Education (DOE) Grant funded the initial formation and curriculum development. SPC along with Anoka-Ramsey Community College in Minnesota and Edmonds Community College in Washington State was awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant to further MDIEC and develop curriculum in three critical training areas: quality systems, information management and clinical data management.

Sullivan, Michael

2009-07-14

258

Space industrialization studies - An overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of NASA's current planning for a space industrialization program is described as an introduction to the papers on Space Industrialization being presented by Rockwell International Corporation and Science Applications Incorporated. Background information is presented that outlines the integrated planning process which resulted in specific long range goals and objectives being formulated for NASA programs in technology, environment, resources, earth science, communications, space exploration, aeronautics, and an expanded application of space called space industrialization. Program objectives for NASA's Industrialization of Space and studies on potential near term supporting elements (Space Platform, Large Space Structures, Orbital Operations Capabilities Development, Space Manufacturing Module) are discussed.

Priest, C.; Bradford, R.

1977-01-01

259

Industrial Hygiene Issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This breakout session is a traditional conference instrument used by the NASA industrial hygiene personnel as a method to convene personnel across the Agency with common interests. This particular session focused on two key topics, training systems and automation of industrial hygiene data. During the FY 98 NASA Occupational Health Benchmarking study, the training system under development by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was deemed to represent a "best business practice." The EPA has invested extensively in the development of computer based training covering a broad range of safety, health and environmental topics. Currently, five compact disks have been developed covering the topics listed: Safety, Health and Environmental Management Training for Field Inspection Activities; EPA Basic Radiation Training Safety Course; The OSHA 600 Collateral Duty Safety and Health Course; and Key program topics in environmental compliance, health and safety. Mr. Chris Johnson presented an overview of the EPA compact disk-based training system and answered questions on its deployment and use across the EPA. This training system has also recently been broadly distributed across other Federal Agencies. The EPA training system is considered "public domain" and, as such, is available to NASA at no cost in its current form. Copies of the five CD set of training programs were distributed to each NASA Center represented in the breakout session. Mr. Brisbin requested that each NASA Center review the training materials and determine whether there is interest in using the materials as it is or requesting that EPA tailor the training modules to suit NASA's training program needs. The Safety, Health and Medical Services organization at Ames Research Center has completed automation of several key program areas. Mr. Patrick Hogan, Safety Program Manager for Ames Research Center, presented a demonstration of the automated systems, which are described by the following: (1) Safety, Health and Environmental Training. This system includes an assessment of training needs for every NASA Center organization, course descriptions, schedules and automated course scheduling, and presentation of training program metrics; (2) Safety and Health Inspection Information. This system documents the findings from each facility inspection, tracks abatement status on those findings and presents metrics on each department for senior management review; (3) Safety Performance Evaluation Profile. The survey system used by NASA to evaluate employee and supervisory perceptions of safety programs is automated in this system; and (4) Documentation Tracking System. Electronic archive and retrieval of all correspondence and technical reports generated by the Safety, Health and Medical Services Office are provided by this system.

Brisbin, Steven G.

1999-01-01

260

Titles of Industries. Standard Industrial Classification Manual 1972.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The file contains magnetic tape records of the titles of 1004 industries, 421 industry groups, 84 major groups and 11 divisions. The 9-track/800 BPI odd parity magnetic tape contains the SIC titles as shown on pages 351-565 and 433-442 of the 1972 SIC man...

M. O. Peterson

1973-01-01

261

The English Football Industry: profit, performance and industrial structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The English (Association) Football League is a long established industrial cartel selling a highly popular product with only imperfect substitutes. Despite that, the majority of its member clubs lose money and the industry has faced successive financial crises over the last decade. This paper develops an empirical model of the financial performance of English League clubs using a high quality

Stefan Szymanski; Ron Smith

1997-01-01

262

Industrial Ecology Instructional Guide for the Industrial Arts Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The detailed guide was prepared to help industrial arts personnel direct their students in a unit on environmental education, specifically geared for the industrial arts laboratory, which employs the Maryland Plan for implementing the unit method of instruction. Guidelines for implementing the program are based on experience with pilot projects…

State Univ. of New York, Oswego. Coll. at Oswego. Dept. of Industrial Arts and Technology.

263

The Economics of Electronics Industry: Competitive Dynamics and Industrial Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This entry highlights fundamental changes in the electronics industry that have transformed its competitive dynamics and industrial organization: a high and growing knowledge intensity; the rapid pace of change in technologies and markets; and extensive globalization. That explosive mixture of forces has created two inter-related puzzles. The first puzzle is that a high degree of globalization may well go hand

Dieter Ernst

2000-01-01

264

Hearing Conservation in Industry  

PubMed Central

Noise-induced hearing loss is a major and entirely preventable public health problem. Effective prevention of this disorder has yet to be achieved in the United States but would improve the overall hearing health of the population more than the treatment of all other otologic disorders combined. Losses that are mild to moderately severe and maximal at 3, 4 or 6 kHz are typical but not pathognomonic. Individual differences in susceptibility are substantial but unpredictable. Hearing conservation programs are now required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration for almost all employees whose daily exposure to noise exceeds a time-weighted average of 85 dBA (A-weighted sound pressure level). The permitted exposure level is 90 dBA time-weighted average, above which engineering or administrative controls or hearing protectors are required. Workers with lesser exposures (85 to 90 dBA time-weighted average) who have hearing changes must be similarly protected. Many, but not all, elements of required hearing conservation programs have been specified recently by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Medical supervision and otologic referral are important components of hearing conservation programs because otologic problems other than noise-induced hearing loss are common in industrial populations. Compensation for noise-induced hearing loss, which is awarded through state workers' compensation boards, as well as certain federal sources, varies widely.

Dobie, Robert A.

1982-01-01

265

Industry's Struggle for Skilled Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing shortage of skilled workers in industrial maintenance, the growing complexity of equipment, and the automation of production processes call for improved and increased employee training and retraining. A General Motors training supervisor notes how education and industry can cooperate to provide this education and training. (MF)

Barker, Don

1979-01-01

266

Solar array manufacturing industry simulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Solar Array Manufacturing Industry Simulation (SAMIS) program is a standardized model of industry to manufacture silicon solar modules for use in electricity generation. Model is used to develop financial reports that detail requirements, including amounts and prices for materials, labor, facilities, and equipment required by companies.

Chamberlain, R. G.; Firnett, P. J.; Kleine, B.

1980-01-01

267

1976 Keystone coal industry manual  

Microsoft Academic Search

The manual is the industry reference authority for the many diverse organizations concerned with the supply and utilization of coal in the United States and Canada. For its many other users as well, Keystone serves as a comprehensive reference to the production and distribution facilities of the coal industry and is the source of considerable data unavailable elsewhere. Some new

Nielsen

1976-01-01

268

Industrial applications of microbial lipases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lipases are a class of enzymes which catalyse the hydrolysis of long chain triglycerides. Microbial lipases are currently receiving much attention with the rapid development of enzyme technology. Lipases constitute the most important group of biocatalysts for biotechnological applications. This review describes various industrial applications of microbial lipases in the detergent, food, flavour industry, biocatalytic resolution of pharmaceuticals, esters and

Fariha Hasan; Aamer Ali Shah; Abdul Hameed

2006-01-01

269

Manpower Impacts of Industrial Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of technological change on the manpower and training needs of New York State industry were studied in a survey of 281 Industrial situations. The study was designed to help answer questions about the effects of factory and related technological change in displacing workers, in creating recruitment and training needs, and in altering the…

New York State Dept. of Labor, Albany. Research and Statistics Office.

270

Road Transport Industry Training Board  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Road Transport Industry Training Board has recognized that manpower planning was the key to estimating the industry's training needs. The effective training methods discussed are: management training, Group Training Associations, apprentice training, direct training, and mobile-training service. (Author/BP)

Industrial Training International, 1975

1975-01-01

271

America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Cluster-based economic strategies emphasize the formation and strengthening of a region's industrial clusters by building local economic foundations that support home-grown firms and industries, as well as attract new firms to the region. This is one of t...

J. O. Gollub

1996-01-01

272

Technology, Industry, Skills and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses changes in technology and education, the nature of technology, the creation of technology, technology's assimilation by industry, the workers skilled in the technology, education in skills in technology, technology of the factory of the future, and the TIPE System (Technology, Industry, Professionals, Education). (CT)

Swyt, Dennis A.

1986-01-01

273

Biotechnology and the Food Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional and novel uses of enzymes and microbes in the baking, brewing, and dairy industries are described. Cheese, yogurt, baking, brewing, vinegar, soy sauce, single-cell proteins, enzymes, food modification, vanilla, citric acid, monosodium glutamate, xanthan gum, aspartame, and cochineal are discussed. Industrial links with firms involved…

Henderson, Jenny; And Others

1991-01-01

274

Industry Studies Program: Clipping Service.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Industry Studies Program at Boston University has compiled a collection of news clippings relating to industrial organization. The clippings, obtained from public news sources such as the New York Times and CNN, cover topics such as antitrust, health, telecommunications and finance.

Yi, Rong.

1998-01-01

275

Conversion of Soviet Defense Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Soviet leaders for the past 25 years have attempted to seize a small part of the defense industry success and bestow it on civilian industry through the transfer of defense managers and methods. Unfortunately, none of the magic has been captured in these ...

A. J. Alexander

1990-01-01

276

The dynamics of industrial emergence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need to stimulate, identify and nurture new industries is a prominent challenge in advanced economies. While basic science represents a valuable source of new ideas and opportunities, it can often take decades before this science finally finds application in the market. While numerous studies have to date focused on aspects of industrial evolution, (e.g. innovation, internationalisation, new product introduction,

Simon Ford; Michèle Routley; Rob Phaal

2010-01-01

277

The Theory of Industrial Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Theory of Industrial Organization is the first primary text to treat the new industrial organization at the advanced-undergraduate and graduate level. Rigorously analytical and filled with exercises coded to indicate level of difficulty, it provides a unified and modern treatment of the field with accessible models that are simplified to highlight robust economic ideas while working at an intuitive

Jean Tirole

1988-01-01

278

Industry Based Training in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study identified alternative models of short-term upgrading and updating training for employed workers in business and industry. In phase 1, a literature review provided the basis for a nine-cell matrix that conceptualized alternative models of industry-based training as a function of the skill level the training addressed and the degree of…

Stone, James R., III; Dahlgren, Judith

279

Fishing and the fishing industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

World fish resources, fishing methods, and processing operations in the seafood industry are described. The fishery situation in developing countries (LDCs) is discussed, with particular reference to artisanal and other local fisheries, and examples are cited to illustrate the structure of the industry. Technology transfer from developed countries to LDCs is discussed and recommendations are presented for future technology transfer

John Liston; Lynwood Smith

1974-01-01

280

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review compares "Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry" with the "Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology," two prominent encyclopedias of chemical technology and industry. Cost, quantity of information, organization, illustrations, authorship, abbreviations, online availability, and content of articles are discussed. (MES)

Chadwick, Sharon S.

1988-01-01

281

Electricity in the Lumber Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development in the application of electric drive to the lumber industry has been exceptionally rapid. Successful sawmill companies are now even operating entirely from central station service, notwithstanding the large amounts of refuse available for fuel. The paper considers the lumbering industry as carried on in Washington and Oregon, and describes the application of electric power to the various

E. F. Whitney

1914-01-01

282

Industry Invests in Research Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities and industry are forging new relationships to support academic research and industrial research and development, including the establishment of university/cooperative research centers. Discusses various cooperative projects at these research centers. Includes a list of representative R&D centers in biotechnology, building…

Ploch, Margie

1983-01-01

283

Industrial Process Controls Market - Sweden.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market research was undertaken to study the present and potential US share of the market in Sweden for industrial process controls; to examine growth trends in Swedish end-user industries over the next few years; to identify specific product categorie...

K. Hashmi

1981-01-01

284

The Employee Assistance Industry Alliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The employee assistance industry faces unique challenges as the behavioral health field continues to change. The following is a characterization of how collaboration is emerging around a national Employee Assistance Industry Alliance (hereafter called the Alliance) to provide leadership for the field. This article discusses the context in which the Alliance is developing and the initial vision for the Alliance.

Ronald W. Manderscheid; Dale Masi; George Watkins; Christopher D. Carroll; Evelyn Santiago-Fernandez

2005-01-01

285

Industrial Location in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a diminishing role in industrial countries, the manufacturing sector continues to be an engine of economic growth in most developing countries. This article surveys the evidence on the determinants of industry location in developing countries. It also employs micro data for India and Indonesia to illustrate recent spatial dynamics of manufacturing relocation within urban agglomerations. Both theory and empirical

Uwe Deichmann; Somik V. Lall; Stephen J. Redding; Anthony J. Venables

2008-01-01

286

Instructional Design Parameters in Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Restructuring Education in the Sciences for Industrial Alignment (RESIA) project examined the feasibility of combining college science faculty and industrial experts to produce instructional materials. These materials were intended for on-the-job training and college credit. Through informal contact, professors were identified who were willing…

Bleach, Kathleen M.

287

Interactive evolution for industrial design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactive evolutionary design (IED) has the potential to change development processes in industrial design from generating individual solutions to designing parametric models that are employed to create a vast space of possible solutions. This paper describes the current stage of a continuing interdisciplinary project between computer science and industrial design to make IED accessible for designers. The long term goal

Boris Georg Bezirtzis; Matthew Lewis; Cara Christeson

2007-01-01

288

SUBDIVISION SURFACES FOR INDUSTRIAL DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subdivision surfaces are a powerful representation for surface modeling and design. While trimmed NURBS representation is widely applied in all CAID (Computer-aided Industrial Design) softwares, subdivision surfaces (SS) have been implemented only in character animation software like Maya and dedicated to entertainment and movies. In this paper a brief review in Subdivision Surfaces application to Industrial Design modeling is presented

L. Chieppa

289

Industrial biocatalysis today and tomorrow  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of biocatalysis for industrial synthetic chemistry is on the verge of significant growth. Biocatalytic processes can now be carried out in organic solvents as well as aqueous environments, so that apolar organic compounds as well as water-soluble compounds can be modified selectively and efficiently with enzymes and biocatalytically active cells. As the use of biocatalysis for industrial chemical

A. Schmid; J. S. Dordick; B. Hauer; A. Kiener; M. Wubbolts; B. Witholt

2001-01-01

290

Careers in the Music Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes jobs in the music industry, including instrument designer, sales representative, instrument repair-person, retail music sales-person, recording engineer, and careers in the new video music industry. Educational requirements, personal qualifications, and the advantages and disadvantages of each job are discussed. (AM)

Ryan, Peter J.; And Others

1982-01-01

291

Accreditation of Industrial Engineering Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guidelines used in the accreditation of industrial engineering programs are discussed. Changes that have taken place in engineering curriculum are described, along with the philosophy of educators in formulating industrial engineering program requirements in the areas of faculty, facilities, curriculum, administration, and scholastic work.…

Brooks, George H.

292

Industrial Relations Risk in the Construction Industry Industrial Relations Risk in the Construction Industry A Contractual A Contractual Perspective Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building contracts are no different from any other contract, and merely formalise a series of promises in relation to the sharing of risk. The concept of risk underlies the nature of all relations in the building industry and determines the form and conduct of the parties in those relations. In particular the way in which industrial relations risk is allocated

John Crittall

293

Geometric Modeling and Industrial Geometry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geometric Modeling and Industrial Geometry group is part of the Institute of Discrete Mathematics and Geometry at the Vienna University of Technology. The group's goal is "to bridge the gap between academic and industrial research in geometry" by "performing application oriented fundamental research and industrial research closely connected to geometry." Its work currently emphasizes the recognition, inspection, manipulation, and design of geometric shapes. Short descriptions of the group's work and some articles are available on the academic research, covering topics such as Computational Line Geometry, Laguerre Geometry, approximation in the space of planes, the isophotic metric, and swept volumes. Visitors can also read about the group's industrial research on 3-D Computer Vision, reverse Engineering, and Industrial Inspection. The Application Areas section includes more articles and provides actual data from some of the objects it has scanned along with the resulting 3-D images.

294

Dental Erosion in Industry  

PubMed Central

Five hundred and fifty-five acid workers were examined between March 1962 and October 1964. One hundred and seventy-six (31·7%) were affected by industrial dental erosion at the first examinations. In 33 cases (6·0%) the dentine was affected. During the period of the survey, 66 (20·4%) of 324 workers examined more than once showed evidence that erosion was progressing. The prevalence and incidence of erosion were highest among battery formation workers, lower among picklers, and least among other processes covered by the survey. The age of workers did not appear to influence their susceptibility to erosion. The habit of working with the lips slightly parted had little effect. Erosion superimposed upon attrition predisposed to more severe loss of tooth structure than either operating alone. Little inconvenience or functional disability was suffered by acid workers due to erosion. Twenty-seven (23·7%) of 114 erosions were considered to be disfiguring. Regular dental treatment was sought less by acid workers than by controls, and the oral hygiene of the latter was superior. There was no evidence to show any difference between caries experience among acid workers and controls. Calculus and periodontal disease were more prevalent among acid workers than among controls, but it was not possible to attribute this to the working environment. Black staining in iron picklers was considered to be due to the working environment. The use of closed acid containers or lip extraction on open acid vats prevented significant atmospheric contamination and diminished the prevalence of erosion. The use of wall fans and detergent foaming agents was helpful. Images

Cate, H. J. Ten Bruggen

1968-01-01

295

AVLIS industrial access program  

SciTech Connect

This document deals with the procurements planned for the construction of an Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) production plant. Several large-scale AVLIS facilities have already been built and tested; a full-scale engineering demonstration facility is currently under construction. The experience gained from these projects provides the procurement basis for the production plant construction and operation. In this document, the status of the AVLIS process procurement is presented from two viewpoints. The AVLIS Production Plant Work Breakdown Structure is referenced at the level of the items to be procured. The availability of suppliers for the items at this level is discussed. In addition, the work that will result from the AVLIS enrichment plant project is broken down by general procurement categories (construction, mechanical equipment, etc.) and the current AVLIS suppliers are listed according to these categories. A large number of companies in all categories are currently providing AVLIS equipment for the Full-Scale Demonstration Facility in Livermore, California. These companies form an existing and expanding supplier network for the AVLIS program. Finally, this document examines the relationship between the AVLIS construction project/operational facility and established commercial suppliers. The goal is to utilize existing industrial capability to meet the needs of the project in a competitive procurement situation. As a result, costs and procurement risks are both reduced because the products provided come from within the AVLIS suppliers' experience base. At the same time, suppliers can benefit by the potential to participate in AVLIS technology spin-off markets. 35 figures.

Not Available

1984-11-15

296

European Route of Industrial Heritage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH) was started in 2003, and it quickly gained the cooperation of the three countries (Belgium, Great Britain and Germany) that were the heart of the Industrial Revolution. The ERIH brought together non-profits, academic institutions, and tourism organizations with the goal to "protect Europe's industrial heritage sites and use their preservation as a motor for the development of regions that are often suffering from economic decline." Visitors will enjoy the thoroughness of the ERIH's website, which offers an "Industrial History" of Europe. The links on the left hand menu for "Route System", "Anchor Points", "Regional Routes" and "European Theme Routes" offer different ways for visitors to view the industrial revolution, whether by the types of products produced or the size of their contribution to the industrial revolution. Each section has a map associated with it as well. Finally, the "Photo Gallery" links to photos of many of the industrial sites on the above routes, so visitors can see the beauty and uniqueness of these factories that forever changed how various goods were made.

297

Industrial Education and Construction Industry Team Up for Tomorrow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Master Builders of Iowa, Iowa State University, and the University of Northern Iowa team up on how to attract and prepare more industrial arts and vocational teachers for teaching construction at the secondary and postsecondary levels. (Author/BP)

Wolansky, William D.

1975-01-01

298

MUTAGENISTIC TESTING OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES FROM REPRESENTATIVE ORGANIC CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The general applicability of the Ames test for screening wastewater samples was investigated. Application of the Ames test to raw and treated wastewaters from representative organic chemical industries involved the investigation of several problems: (1) the feasibility of using t...

299

High Technology Industries: Profiles and Outlooks. The Robotics Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study is designed to (1) assess the international competitive position of the U.S. Robotics Industry; (2) pinpoint the major foreign and domestic challenges to American robot producers; and (3) suggest possible options for USG policies affecting the ...

1983-01-01

300

Industrial Outlook Report: Fishing Industry-Portugal, 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Portugal joined the European Community (EC) in 1986. The move appears to have produced temporary instability in Portugal's fishing industry; fish landings decreased, imports increased, and consumer prices remained the same, even though the quality of fish...

M. Harrington C. Webster

1988-01-01

301

Technical change in US industry: A cross-industry analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The nature of the public policies which have influenced the pace and pattern of technical progress in a number of American industries is studied with the view of assessing the broad effects of these policies. The industries studied are agriculture, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, computers, civil aircraft, automobiles and residential construction. The policies considered include research and development funding as well as government procurement, education, information dissemination, patent protection, licensing, regulations, and anti-trust policies.

Nelson, R. R. (editor)

1981-01-01

302

Industrial Applications of Mössbauer Spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The historical development of the use of Mössbauer spectroscopy in industrial applications is briefly outlined. The power of the technique for the study of commercially important materials and its capacity to make contributions as a research tool, in quality control, and for in-service evaluation are reviewed. The disadvantages of the technique in the industrial setting are considered. The power of Mössbauer spectroscopy when used to approach specific industrial problems is illustrated by its use in monitoring the nature of corrosion resistant coated steel for automobile manufacture and the in situ characterization of Fischer-Tropsch catalysts.

Berry, Frank J.

2002-12-01

303

Ocean industry facts and forecasts  

SciTech Connect

Facts and forecasts relating to the offshore industry outlook are presented. Trends are discussed in geophysics, drilling, marine transportation, helicopters, shipyards, underwater work, platforms, mooring terminals, subsea completions, and pipeline construction. An optimistic forecast for all sectors of offshore industry is presented based on the growing demand for oil and gas supplies, record high prices, favorable political changes, available leases of offshore acres and concessions, the entrance of third world countries into the petroleum industry, and the possible yield of exploration in frontier areas.

Not Available

1980-10-01

304

Agricultural and industrial process heat  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The application of solar energy to agricultural and industrial process heat requirements is discussed. This energy end use sector has been the largest and it appears that solar energy can, when fully developed and commercialized, displace from three to eight or more quads of oil and natural gas in U.S. industry. This potential for fossil fuel displacement in the agricultural and industrial process heat area sector represents a possible savings of 1.4 to 3.8 million barrels of oil daily.

Dollard, J.

1978-01-01

305

Economic considerations in space industrialization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The industrial categories of the United States economy are surveyed to identify those which can function using dominantly lunar raw materials or lunar derived feedstocks (LDF) and solar energy. Sixty-four standard industrial categories (SIC) appear to be compatible with LDF inputs; another 166 SIC's might be adaptable to LDF and space industry if substitution of materials and/or terrestrial supplements were introduced. Analytic tools are presented to use in deciding optimal strategies by which a generalized economy can be developed in space in an optimal manner within given constraints of capital, products derived at a given time, local production costs, cost of import from earth and other factors.

Ayres, R. U.; Ayres, L. W.; Criswell, D. R.

1979-01-01

306

European Industrial Relations Observatory Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Industrial Relations Observatory Online (EIROnline) was developed by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, an autonomous body created by the European Community. The aim of the site is to "initiate, collect, store, disseminate and provide access to information and analysis on developments in industrial relations" in the 15 European Union member states and Norway. Visitors will find the latest industrial relations news and feature articles arranged by country. There is also a bimonthly publication called the EIRObserver summarizing the news and items over the past two months.

307

Planning and Design for Industry Logistics Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regarding a single industry as the target, industry logistics park is the professional logistics park that is specially planned according to industry characteristics. Considering that the industry logistics park has special functions, such as economize on resources, improvement of logistics efficiency and service quality, protection of the environment and so on, industry logistics park's planning and design is different from

Guo Yi; Zhang Xinxin

2011-01-01

308

The development of Taiwan's integrated circuit industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of Taiwan's integrated circuit (IC) industry is discussed in four sections covering the history of industry. The performance of the industry, the trends and development activities, and the future challenges. The latest data describing the industry are provided by Taiwan ERSO\\/ITRI ITIS project. The data cover the operations, marketing and technology indices, industry development goals, and investment trends

Michael M. K. Lin; Charles V. Trappey

1997-01-01

309

Support of US Geothermal Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Geothermal Energy Association supports the US geothermal industry in its efforts to bring more clean geothermal energy on-line throughout the world. Activities designed to accomplish this goal include: (1) developing and maintaining data bases, web pages,...

K. Gawell

2004-01-01

310

ARc Welding (Industrial Processing Series).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography comprises citations of unclassified reports dealing with arc welding in a series of bibliographies on industrial processing. Some of the topics included are: spot welding, gas metal arc welding, inert gas welding, pulsed arc welding, and ...

1973-01-01

311

Mineral Industries of Western Europe.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a summary of the mineral industries of the nine members of the European Community, the seven members of the European Free Trade association, and three additional countries. Base maps show mineral deposit and mineral processing plant l...

W. F. Keyes R. V. Sondermayer J. B. Huvos

1977-01-01

312

Sex Equity in Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It should be industrial arts' long-range goal for the 1980s to change those subtle and pervasive attitudes that have limited female enrollments and extend the benefits and experiences of technology to all students. (CT)

Boben, Donna K.; Ray, Willis E.

1982-01-01

313

Long Island City Industrial Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study assesses the special conditions pertaining to easing the pressure which manufacturing firms in the study area face from competing commercial and residential use. The conversion of industrial buildings to other use has increased in recent years b...

1988-01-01

314

Methane Emissions from Industrial Sources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This chapter identifies and describes major industrial sources of methane (CH4) emissions. For each source type examined, CH4 release points are identified and a detailed discussion of the factors affecting emissions is provided. A summary and discussion ...

L. L. Beck S. D. Piccot D. A. Kirchgessner

1993-01-01

315

Industrial Diamond: A Materials Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The survey on industrial diamonds summarizes the supply-demand position in the United States and include information on production, imports, consumption, exports, substitutes, and pertinent history, usually in some detail, back to 1925. The properties of ...

H. P. Chandler

1964-01-01

316

Distribution in the Confectionery Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An investigation was conducted into distribution in the confectionery industry. The study was intended to examine systems of retail goods distribution in terms of costs and constraints and to identify possible reductions in private and public distribution...

K. J. G. Smith

1979-01-01

317

Florida Citrus Industry Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What's so special about oranges? They are a major cash crop for Florida and other warm weather places, and this fascinating oral history project from the University of South Florida (USF) explores the very nature of this industry. Working together with the USF's Patel Center for Global Studies, oral historian William Mansfield conducted 20 interviews regarding the impact of globalization on the Florida citrus industry. Visitors can listen to or read the interviews, as well as look over the online exhibition, "Selling Sunshine: Florida's Citrus Industry." The exhibition details Florida's unique relationship with the citrus industry, incorporating documents, promotional material, and post cards with its information. The website hosts a remarkable collection that will be of interest to oral historians, folks with an interest in Florida, and many others.

318

Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Standard Industrial Classification was developed for use in the classification of establishments by type of activity in which they are engaged; for purposes of facilitating the collection, tabulation, presentation, and analysis of data relating to est...

1972-01-01

319

Interviewing in Industry vs. Academia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the EB 2006 Careers Symposium - Navigating the Interview: How to Make it Work for You a recorded presentation on how the different cultures of academia and industry influence the interview process.

PhD Richard Klabunde (Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine)

2006-04-07

320

Interviewing in Industry vs. Academia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the EB 2006 Careers Symposium - Navigating the Interview: How to Make it Work for You a powerpoint presentation file on how the different cultures of academia and industry influence the interview process.

PhD Richard Klabunde (Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine)

2006-04-07

321

NICE3: Industrial Refrigeration System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Energy Concepts has developed an absorption-augmented system as a cost- effective means of achieving more cooling capacity with a substantial reduction in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for industrial refrigeration. It cuts fuel consumpti...

P. Simon

1999-01-01

322

Accountability of the pharmaceutical industry.  

PubMed

The pharmaceutical industry is accountable on the one hand to its shareholders and on the other to the community at large. These two obligations can, in principle, be met. However, the industry has developed practices that do not consider society, including excessive or inappropriate pricing of drugs, an indifference to the needs and limitations of the developing world, an imbalance between true innovation and promotional activity, interference with clinical investigations, and efforts to mould medical thinking and priorities as a means to enlarge the market. In such respects, the pharmaceutical industry must now be called to order. The industry has shown itself to be sufficiently resilient to adapt to change if society insists on it. However, to influence multinational corporations effectively, the efforts of governments will have to be complemented by others, notably the many voluntary organisations that have shown they can effectively represent society's public-health interests. PMID:12457804

Dukes, M N Graham

2002-11-23

323

University/Industry Cooperative Interactions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Factors essential to getting a more successful cooperative arrangement between university and industry are summarized: A high commitment by both faculty and high level administrators at the university to the concept of creating a recognized university res...

J. A. Bonnet J. T. Pytlinski

1985-01-01

324

High Pressure Industrial Water Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In conjunction with Space Shuttle Main Engine testing at Stennis, the Nordberg Water Pumps at the High Pressure Industrial Water Facility provide water for cooling the flame deflectors at the test stands during test firings.

1992-01-01

325

Biochemical Engineering and Industrial Biotechnology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the biochemical engineering and industrial biotechnology programs of the University of Waterloo (Ontario, Canada). Provides descriptions of graduate courses, along with a sample of current research activities. Includes a discussion of the programs' mechanisms for technology transfer. (TW)

Moo-Young, Murray

1986-01-01

326

Industrial Thermal Insulation: An Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In keeping with the objectives given in a National Plan for Energy Research, Development and Demonstration, the more effective utilization of thermal insulation within the industrial sector has been identified as a potential program area for energy conser...

D. L. McElroy J. O. Kolb R. G. Donnelly T. G. Godfrey V. J. Tennery

1976-01-01

327

Industrial Applications of Magnetic Separation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The conference convened to provide opportunities for researchers and practitioners to exchange the latest information on research and development in magnetic separation, emphasizing the existing and potential industrial applications of magnetic separation...

Y. A. Liu

1979-01-01

328

Production Methods in Industrial Microbiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares two methods (batch and continuous) in which microorganisms are used to produce industrial chemicals. Describes batch and continuous stirred-tank reactors and offers reasons why the batch method may be preferred. (JN)

Gaden, Elmer L., Jr.

1981-01-01

329

Industrial Site Characterization: Federal Sector.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Section 203 of Executive Order 13123 requires all Federal agencies to reduce energy consumption. While there is an exemption for Federal laboratories and research and development facilities, industrial facilities do not fall under this program. The goal o...

K. McMordie-Stoughton T. Koehler

2002-01-01

330

Thoughts on the Training Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the impact of new technologies and competitive management goals on the fast-changing training industry. Offers suggestions on implementation, such as fostering a supportive training environment, avoiding information overload, and helping employees manage change.(YKH)

Blanchard, Kenneth

1997-01-01

331

Central African Industrial Coordination Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the findings and conclusions of an Industrial Coordination Survey of the Central African sub-region of Cameroun, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), and Gabon. The principle objective of the...

R. Manly

1965-01-01

332

Industrial Radiography X and gamma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication gives a practical orientation on industrial radiography. The first chapters deal with basic facts that are useful for professional work in this field. It comprises topics such as generation of X-rays, equipment being used, radiographic fi...

N. Torres M M. Torres B J. Montanez

1986-01-01

333

The Technical Illustrator in Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A combination of artist and draftsman, the technical illustrator is becoming increasingly essential to industry. This article describes the tasks of a technical illustrator, employment opportunities, and preparation and background. (BM)

Trapp, Roy G.; Geerts, Dennis J.

1978-01-01

334

Collaboration With the Pharmaceutical Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A recorded presentation from the EB 2007 Careers Symposium - Guide for Successful Collaboration: From the Handshake to the Collaborative Research Agreement a presentation on the why, what, and how of industry collaborations.

PhD Stephen A Douglas (GlaxoSmithKline)

2007-04-07

335

Collaboration With the Pharmaceutical Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A powerpoint presentation file from the EB 2007 Careers Symposium - Guide for Successful Collaboration: From the Handshake to the Collaborative Research Agreement a presentation on the why, what, and how of industry collaborations.

PhD Stephen A Douglas (GlaxoSmithKline)

2007-04-07

336

Innovation in Industry and Academia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Panel will feature invited speakers from industry and academia that will discuss how academia has fostered innovation\\u000a through research partnerships and incubation centres that have resulted in new businesses, products and other “end values”.\\u000a The panel will explore the techniques used to foster and extract value from innovations in the two environments and discuss\\u000a the challenges faced by industry

Esther Baldwin

337

Industrial Biofilms and their Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biofilms are considered to be ubiquitous in industrial and drinking water distribution systems. Biofilms are a major source\\u000a of contribution to biofouling in industrial water systems. The problem has wide ranging effects, causing damage to materials,\\u000a production losses and affecting the quality of the product. The problem of biofouling is operationally defined as biofilm\\u000a development that exceeds a given threshold

P. Sriyutha Murthy; R. Venkatesan

338

The Industrial Ecology of Materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Industrial Ecology designates a systems view of material and energy flows in the industrial system, and between the industrial system and the environment. The title and theme are by analogy with natural ecosystems. Within the framework of sustainability, (the possibility of long term high quality human life in an excellent global environment), industrial ecologists examine possibilities for moving from open flow materials systems towards closed loop systems. This shift is intended to be both a means of lightening the environmental burdens arising from processes and products, and a means of approaching long term sustainability of materials use. Using fundamental physical and chemical principles, and some business experiences, industrial ecologists suggest that the reuse of wastes, products, parts, components, and materials is likely to be an environmentally and economically beneficial strategy. The strategy could be improved with some technological and business developments. While there are interesting advantages to this rapidly developing approach, and from the ideas and tools being used within it, a number of problems also arise for industry, consumers and the framers of public policy.

Frosch, Robert A.

1996-03-01

339

Proposed Industrial Recovered-Materials-Utilization Targets for the Textile-Mill-Products Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The following are included: an overview of the US textile industry, textile mill products industry operations, an economic analysis of the textile mill products industry, governmental and regulatory influence on the US textile industry, current use of rec...

1979-01-01

340

Survey of the Market for Industrial Expansion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report gives results of a survey of industrial development needs and practices relative to a proposed industrial and warehousing complex in southern Oklahoma. Results are based on interviews with persons engaged in industrial development and also with...

1971-01-01

341

Community Diagnosis: The Industrial and Environmental Profile.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The industrial and environmental profile: Case example - Cleveland's near westside--(Subjective data, Objective data-physical examination and laboratory and ancillary data); Developing an industrial and environmental profile; The industrial profile--(The ...

T. M. Mettee

1982-01-01

342

Solid Waste Management in the Drug Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a description and analysis of solid waste management in the drug industry. A general description of the industry is presented followed by a description of the products and production processes of the industry. The solid wastes produce...

D. M. Shilesky K. W. Krause R. J. Sullivan

1973-01-01

343

Economics of the Soviet Fishing Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The fishing industry in the national economy; Main stages in the development of the fishing industry; Management and planning in the fishing industry; The system of fishery kolkhozes, its importance and specific feagures; The raw material basis ...

N. P. Sysoev

1974-01-01

344

Industry and Trade Summary: Cured Fish.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Summary addresses market, industry and trade conditions for the cured fish industry (excluding shellfish) for the period 1996-2000. The cured fish industry produces three groups of products: salted fish, dried fish, and smoked fish. These products ar...

2001-01-01

345

Industrial ecology Prosperity Game(trademark).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Industrial ecology (IE) is an emerging scientific field that views industrial activities and the environment as an interactive whole. The IE approach simultaneously optimizes activities with respect to cost, performance, and environmental impact. Industri...

D. Beck K. Boyack M. Berman

1998-01-01

346

Globalization, Institutional Change, and Industrial Location: Economic Transition and Industrial Concentration in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

He C., Wei Y. D. and Xie X. Globalization, institutional change, and industrial location: economic transition and industrial concentration in China, Regional Studies. Marketization and globalization in China may stimulate industrial clustering, while decentralization may lead to protectionism and industrial dispersion. This paper examines industrial distribution in China during 1980–2003. While Chinese industries have been increasingly concentrated geographically, the study

Canfei He; Yehua Dennis Wei; Xiuzhen Xie

2008-01-01

347

Industry Raps OSHA's Proposed Cancer Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the response of the American Industrial Health Council (AIHC) to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) genetic proposal for regulating chemical carcinogens in industry. (HM)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

1978-01-01

348

Research and Development in Industry: 1998  

NSF Publications Database

... Development in Industry: 1998 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format Research and Development ... Document Format (.pdf) Research and Development in Industry: 1998 This report is available in ...

349

Industry involvement in IPAD through the Industry Technical Advisory Board  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1976 NASA awarded The Boeing Company a contract to develop IPAD (Integrated Programs for Aerospace-Vehicle Design). This contract included a requirement for Boeing to form an Industrial Technical Advisory Board (ITAB), with members representing major aerospace and computer companies. The purpose of this board was to guide the development of IPAD. The specific goal of IPAD is to increase United States aerospace industry productivity through the application of computers to manage engineering data. This goal clearly is attainable; in fact, IPAD's influence can reach beyond the aerospace industry to many businesses where product development is based on the design-building process. An enhanced IPAD, therefore, is a national asset of significance. The role of ITAB in guiding the development of this system is described.

Swanson, W. E.

1980-01-01

350

Industrial enzymology: the application of enzymes in industry  

SciTech Connect

This reference book contains detailed data on kinetics of enzymes which relate mathematical models to actual industrial practice; comments on legislative thinking, toxicology, test systems, and guidance on industrial safety when working with enzymes; and explains the uses of enzymes for the following products or processes: potable alcohol, fuel alcohol, analytical applications, baking, brewing, dairy, detergents, effluents/by-products/biogas, flavors and colors, juice, leather, paper, plant tissues, proteins, starch, textiles, and wine. Seven biotechnical specialities are described: yeast processing, immobilized enzymes, membrane cleaning, glucose oxidase, edible oil processing, mineral oil/drilling muds, and dextranase and sugar processing. One chapter is devoted to a comparison of key characteristics of industrial enzymes by type and source. Another chapter lists enzyme groupings, specific data on suppliers, natural sources, current assays, and biochemical criteria. (CKK)

Godfrey, T.; Reichelt, J. (eds.)

1982-01-01

351

Systems biology of industrial microorganisms.  

PubMed

The field of industrial biotechnology is expanding rapidly as the chemical industry is looking towards more sustainable production of chemicals that can be used as fuels or building blocks for production of solvents and materials. In connection with the development of sustainable bioprocesses, it is a major challenge to design and develop efficient cell factories that can ensure cost efficient conversion of the raw material into the chemical of interest. This is achieved through metabolic engineering, where the metabolism of the cell factory is engineered such that there is an efficient conversion of sugars, the typical raw materials in the fermentation industry, into the desired product. However, engineering of cellular metabolism is often challenging due to the complex regulation that has evolved in connection with adaptation of the different microorganisms to their ecological niches. In order to map these regulatory structures and further de-regulate them, as well as identify ingenious metabolic engineering strategies that full-fill mass balance constraints, tools from systems biology can be applied. This involves both high-throughput analysis tools like transcriptome, proteome and metabolome analysis, as well as the use of mathematical modeling to simulate the phenotypes resulting from the different metabolic engineering strategies. It is in fact expected that systems biology may substantially improve the process of cell factory development, and we therefore propose the term Industrial Systems Biology for how systems biology will enhance the development of industrial biotechnology for sustainable chemical production. PMID:20503029

Papini, Marta; Salazar, Margarita; Nielsen, Jens

2010-01-01

352

Systems Biology of Industrial Microorganisms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of industrial biotechnology is expanding rapidly as the chemical industry is looking towards more sustainable production of chemicals that can be used as fuels or building blocks for production of solvents and materials. In connection with the development of sustainable bioprocesses, it is a major challenge to design and develop efficient cell factories that can ensure cost efficient conversion of the raw material into the chemical of interest. This is achieved through metabolic engineering, where the metabolism of the cell factory is engineered such that there is an efficient conversion of sugars, the typical raw materials in the fermentation industry, into the desired product. However, engineering of cellular metabolism is often challenging due to the complex regulation that has evolved in connection with adaptation of the different microorganisms to their ecological niches. In order to map these regulatory structures and further de-regulate them, as well as identify ingenious metabolic engineering strategies that full-fill mass balance constraints, tools from systems biology can be applied. This involves both high-throughput analysis tools like transcriptome, proteome and metabolome analysis, as well as the use of mathematical modeling to simulate the phenotypes resulting from the different metabolic engineering strategies. It is in fact expected that systems biology may substantially improve the process of cell factory development, and we therefore propose the term Industrial Systems Biology for how systems biology will enhance the development of industrial biotechnology for sustainable chemical production.

Papini, Marta; Salazar, Margarita; Nielsen, Jens

353

Industry liaison section implementation plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Industry Liaison Section is a new function of the Army/NASA Aircrew-Aircraft Integration (AAAI) Program that is intended to bridge an existing gap between Government developers (including contractors) and outside organizations who are potential users of products and services developed by the AAAI Program. Currently in its sixth year, the Program is experiencing considerable pull from industry and other government organizations to disseminate products. Since the AAAI Program's charter is exploratory and research in nature, and satisfying proper dissemination requirements is in conflict with the rapid prototyping approach utilized by the design team, the AAAI Program has elected to create an Industry Liaison Section (ILS) to serve as the Program's technology transfer focal point. The process by which the ILS may be established, organized and managed is described, including the baseline organizational structure, duties, functions, authority, responsibilities, relations and policies and procedures relevant to the conduct of the ILS.

Lakowske, Stephen

1990-01-01

354

A Testing Service for Industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A small isolated NASA facility provides assistance to industry in the design, testing, and operation of oxygen systems. White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) was originally established to test rocket propulsion systems for the Apollo program. The facility's role was later expanded into testing characterization, flammability and toxicity characteristics of materials. Its materials and components test methods were adopted by the American society for Testing and Materials. When research and testing results became known, industry requested assistance, and in 1980, NASA authorized WSTF to open its facility to private firms, a valuable service, as oxygen systems testing is often too expensive and too hazardous for many companies. Today, some of the best known American industries utilize White Sands testing capabilities.

1994-01-01

355

Infomat: Fashion Industry Business Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The fashion industry has many facets, and aspiring students who hope to break into the field may find themselves wondering about such aspects as marketing, industry trends, and the expansive world of fabrics and textiles. All of these subjects are covered on the Infomat website, which includes a "Guides" section, where visitors can learn about accessories, apparel marts, designer collections, and modeling agencies, among other areas of interest. Instructors will also appreciate the site's versatility, as they may be intrigued by the "News" area, which contains news digests from the areas of textiles, retail, and apparel. The site is rounded out by a "Community" area, which features a searchable calendar of events and a "Who's Who" section that provides brief biographies of industry leaders like Yves Saint Laurent and Issey Miyake.

356

Biorefinery: Toward an industrial metabolism.  

PubMed

Fossil fuel reserves are running out, global warming is becoming a reality, waste recycling is becoming ever more costly and problematic, and unrelenting population growth will require more and more energy and consumer products. There is now an alternative to the 100% oil economy; it is a renewable resource based on agroresources by using the whole plant. Production and development of these new products are based on biorefinery concept. Each constituent of the plant can be extracted and functionalized in order to produce non-food and food fractions, intermediate agro-industrial products and synthons. Three major industrial domains can be concerned: molecules, materials and energy. Molecules can be used as solvent surfactants or chemical intermediates in substitution of petrol derivatives. Fibers can be valorized in materials like composites. Sugars and oils are currently used to produce biofuels like bioethanol or biodiesel, but second-generation biofuels will use lignocellulosic biomass as raw material. Lipids can be used to produce a large diversity of products like solvent, lubricants, pastes or surfactants. Industrial biorefinery will be linked to the creation of new processes based on the twelve principles of green chemistry (clean processes, atom economy, renewable feedstocks...). Biotechnology, especially white biotechnology, will take a major part into these new processes with biotransformations (enzymology, micro-organisms...) and fermentation. The substitution of oil products by biobased products will develop a new bioeconomy and new industrial processes respecting the sustainable development concept. Industrial biorefinery can be developed on the principle that any residues of one can then be exploited as raw material by others in an industrial metabolism. PMID:19332104

Octave, Stéphane; Thomas, Daniel

2009-06-01

357

Industry Study Paper: The Aircraft Industry, AY 2004, Seminar 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aircraft industry now appears to have weathered the 'perfect storm' of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT), emerging somewhat battered but poised to begin a slow recovery in the coming years. Orders for new ...

S. H. Morris D. Archibald G. C. Berg E. McDermott C. D. Rehberg

2004-01-01

358

Coal conversion products industrial applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Coal-based synthetic fuels complexes under development consideration by NASA/MSFC will produce large quantities of synthetic fuels, primarily medium BTU gas, which could be sold commercially to industries located in South Central Tennessee and Northern Alabama. The complexes would be modular in construction, and subsequent modules may produce liquid fuels or fuels for electric power production. Current and projected industries in the two states which have a propensity for utilizing coal-based synthetic fuels were identified, and a data base was compiled to support MFSC activities.

Dunkin, J. H.; Warren, D.

1980-01-01

359

Industrial Biotechnology: Discovery to Delivery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fermentation products have penetrated almost every sector of our daily lives. They are used in ethical and generic drugs, clinical and home diagnostics, defense products, nutritional supplements, personal care products, food and animal feed ingredients, cleaning and textile processing, and in industrial applications such as fuel ethanol production. Even before knowing about the existence of microorganisms, for thousands of years ancient people routinely used them for making cheese, soy sauces, yogurt, and bread. Although humans have used fermentation as the method of choice for manufacturing for a long time, it is only now being recognized for its potential towards sustainable industrial development.

Chotani, Gopal K.; Dodge, Timothy C.; Gaertner, Alfred L.; Arbige, Michael V.

360

Product Interactions and Industry Shakeout  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We construct an industry shakeout model based on the Cournot competition of firms each producing a differentiated product and adjusting their output according to the diffusion of their respective product. We investigate the resulting Lotka-Volterra dynamics and present a coexistence region that is a function of the interaction among the products. We show that as the products become less differentiated, the competition intensifies and the coexistence region contracts. The extent of the shakeout depends on the distribution of the competitive interactions among firms in the industry.

Escobido, M. G. O.

361

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01

362

NICE3: Industrial Refrigeration System  

SciTech Connect

Energy Concepts has developed an absorption-augmented system as a cost-effective means of achieving more cooling capacity with a substantial reduction in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for industrial refrigeration. It cuts fuel consumption by 30% by combining an internal combustion engine with a mechanical compression refrigeration system and an absorption refrigeration system. The absorption system is powered by engine waste heat. Conventional industrial refrigeration uses mechanical vapor compression, powered by electric motors, which results in higher energy costs. By the year 2010, the new system could cut fuel consumption by 19 trillion Btu and greenhouse emissions by more than 1 million tons per year.

Simon, P.

1999-09-29

363

Evolution of the petrochemical industry in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the historical development of the petrochemical industry in Singapore. While it had its origins in an earlier political economy, the petrochemical industry emerged only during the industrialization of Singapore. In addition, throughout the ensuing post-industrialization process, the enterprise was at the forefront of the endeavours of the state at maintaining a viable manufacturing sector. In its development,

Hing Ai Yun; Lee Kiat Jin

2009-01-01

364

Contemporary Concepts in Trade and Industrial Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this report are the presentations made at a 4-day national conference regarding the role of trade and industrial education in meeting the nation's manpower needs. More than 175 leaders heard the following speeches: (1) "The Role of Trade and Industrial Education" by Michael Russo, (2) "Industry's Concepts of Trade and Industrial

Schaefer, Carl, Ed.

365

Development of Food-Processing Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper has analysed development and financial, with special reference to working capital management, performance of the selected food-processing industries. It prioritizes these industries for their development based on these performance criteria. It also discusses strategy for accelerated development of these industries. Food-processing industries selected for the study are foodgrains milling, edible oilseeds processing, sugarcane processing, and milk processing. The

Desai B M; Nambudiri C N S

366

Insights into Industry and Technology. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a set of six guides for an industrial arts curriculum at the junior high school level, this guide provides the basic foundation to develop a one-semester course based on the following cluster concept: insights into industry and technology. An overview of industry and technology is provided to serve as an integrator or unifier of industry

North Dakota State Board for Vocational Education, Bismarck.

367

Equilibrium Locations of Vertically Linked Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two imperfectly competitive industries, upstream and downstream, and two locations. Where do the industries locate? Production occurs in both locations when transport costs are high (industry must be close to consumers) or low (factor prices determine location). Imperfect competition and transport costs create forward and backward linkages between upstream and downstream industries, and at intermediate transport costs these

Anthony J Venables

1996-01-01

368

The future steelmaking industry and its technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this report is to develop a vision of the future steelmaking industry including its general characteristics and technologies. In addition, the technical obstacles and research and development opportunities for commercialization of these technologies are identified. The report is being prepared by the Sloan Steel Industry Competitiveness Study with extensive input from the industry. Industry input has been

R. J. Fruehan; H. W. Paxton; F. Giarratani; L. Lave

1995-01-01

369

Industry and Trade Summary: Sugar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a summary of the U.S. sugar market, covering the basic factors affecting trends in consumption, production, and trade, as well as those bearing on the competitiveness of U.S. industry in domestic and foreign markets. Sugar and its pro...

2001-01-01

370

Legal Issues for Industrial Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help industrial educators develop a basis for making decisions based on sound legal and ethical considerations--decisions related to students, colleagues, equipment, and money. The issues also concern administrators, advisory-committee members, risk managers, insurance representatives, and attorneys who work with…

Gathercoal, Forrest; Stern, Sam

371

Service Industries - Improving Competitive Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the importance of service industries to the British economy and how service managers and management academics can prevent the decline of the British service sector as foreign interest in it increases. The activities of four service organisations who are trying to improve their competitive performance are described.

Robert Johnston

1988-01-01

372

2002 Industry Studies: News Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

American journalism is in the midst of a transition unlike any it has experienced in the 225-year history of the republic. The news industry today is facing the proliferation of distribution of outlets, fragmentation and shifting demographics of the audie...

P. Alfieri G. Bender G. Clark J. W. Coleman C. Dellas

2002-01-01

373

Guide for Industrial Waste Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this Guide is to provide facility managers, state and tribal regulators, and the interested public with recommendations and tools to better address the management of land-disposed, non-hazardous industrial wastes. The Guide can help facilit...

2004-01-01

374

Can industry afford solar energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Falling oil prices and conservation measures have reduced the economic impetus to develop new energy sources, thus decreasing the urgency for bringing solar conversion technologies to commercial readiness at an early date. However, the capability for solar to deliver thermal energy for industrial uses is proven. A year-round operation would be three times as effective as home heating, which is necessary only part of the year. Flat plate, parabolic trough, and solar tower power plant demonstration projects, though uneconomically operated, have revealed engineering factors necessary for successful use of solar-derived heat for industrial applications. Areas of concern have been categorized as technology comparisons, load temperatures, plant size, location, end-use, backup requirements, and storage costs. Tax incentives have, however, supported home heating and not industrial uses, and government subsidies have historically gone to conventional energy sources. Tax credit programs which could lead to a 20% market penetration by solar energy in the industrial sector by the year 2000 are presented.

Kreith, F.; Bezdek, R.

1983-03-01

375

Fiber from tangerine juice industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The four main tangerine varieties (Oroval, Hernandina, Fortuna and Clemenville) processed in the Mediterranean region were analyzed for juice yield, diverse by-products obtained in industrial processing (peel, core and frit) and fiber content: crude fiber (CF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF), from the by-products (peel, core and frit) obtained in tangerine processing in pilot plant tests.

N. Martí; D. Saura; E. Fuentes’; V. Lizama; E. García; M. J. Mico-Ballester; J. Lorente

2011-01-01

376

ACS Proposes Industrial Internship Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Chemical Society has proposed a federal program which would enable 1500 unemployed chemists and chemical engineers possessing master's or higher degrees to serve from one to two years as interns in industrial research and development installations. (Author/TS)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1972

1972-01-01

377

Pennsylvania Industrial Arts Safety Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety education information is provided in this guide designed for Pennsylvania industrial arts teachers. Twelve sections and section topics include the following: introduction (policy statement on safety); responsibility (school board and superintendent, principal and/or department head, the teacher); emergency action (primary concerns,…

Stoudt, John Y., Ed.; And Others

378

1992 Canadian oil industry directory  

SciTech Connect

This book lists address, phone, fax, and personnel of companies active in the Canadian petroleum industry. It includes E and P, drilling, oilfield service, supply, manufacturing, and engineering companies, associations, and government agencies. It also describes activities, provides branch office and subsidiary information and company personnel indices.indices.

Moore, J.

1992-01-01

379

Today's "Trade and Industrial" Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looks at the problems facing trade and industrial education and suggests ways to solve them: teaching foundation skills more, specific trade skills less; revamping programs; keeping up to date; coordinating with other groups; clarifying educational philosophy; and being honest with students about the job market. (JOW)

Roberts, Katharine M.

1996-01-01

380

Industrial sector and financial distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – A number of authors have noted that industrial sector is a significant factor in the design and construction of failure prediction models, suggesting that organisational structures dictate the construction of separate models for different sectors. However, most modellers have been content to amalgamate sub-sectors of the “manufacturing” classification (often because of otherwise facing sample size difficulties) to produce

Malcolm Smith; Dah-Kwei Liou

2007-01-01

381

Industrial Education. Drafting. [Grade 9].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series of curriculum guides dealing with industrial education in junior high schools, this guide provides a course on drafting to be used in the ninth grade. Thirteen goals are identified for the students to demonstrate: (1) a knowledge of the relationship between drafting and the work of designers, engineers, and architects; (2) an…

Parma City School District, OH.

382

Potential Industrial Applications of Magnetohydrodynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetohydrodynamic power generation has been presented as limited in application to large generating stations but offering the promise of reduced power cost to be achieved through heat rate improvement. The potential for industrial application will be broadened if generators can be made attractive in smaller ratings, if generating cost can be reduced, and if the generator can be made lighter

D. H. Marquis

1963-01-01

383

Munitions: An Industry in Peril.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Munitions are a critical element of United States national security. The U.S. industrial base is able to produce high quality munitions that are the best in the world, but currently suffers from serious problems. Problems result from a steady decline in p...

S. Carlton J. Kwolek S. Lumpkins P. Maunz P. Carson

2002-01-01

384

Mushroom Industry Technical Assistance Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study investigates various ways that the industry can help itself - both growers and processors. The study looked into new marketing areas, new ways to process and can mushrooms, the nutritional value of mushrooms, an energy audit study for the growe...

1982-01-01

385

Evaluating Industrial R&D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of industrial research and development (R&D) must be simple and low cost, and it must contribute to corporate goals without distracting researchers from their research. These points are illustrated with reference to General Electric's Research and Development Center, which is the company's corporate laboratory. (SLD)

Robb, Walter L.

1994-01-01

386

Evaluation of Education for Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes some of the experience gained from an evaluation of Du-It, an experimental Industrial Technology Branch program affiliated with the Production and Maintenance Engineering Line (Du-It) of upper secondary school being conducted at Trollhattan, Vasteras, Karlskrona, Harnosand, and Goteborg upper secondary schools. As with…

School Research Newsletter, 1989

1989-01-01

387

Teacher, Industry and Environment (TIE).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of the Teacher, Industry and Environment (TIE) educational improvement project at Central Missouri State Univesity is provided in this report. TIE is designed for Missouri high school chemistry teachers, involving 73 of them in a weekend workshop, meeting with chemists, engineers, and educators to assist them in using resources…

Holmes, Neal J.; Powers, Michael H.

388

Industrial applications of THz systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz TDS) holds high potential as a non-destructive, non-contact testing tool. We have identified a plethora of emerging industrial applications such as quality control of industrial processes and products in the plastics industry. Polymers are transparent to THz waves while additives show a significantly higher permittivity. This dielectric contrast allows for detecting the additive concentration and the degree of dispersion. We present a first inline configuration of a THz TDS spectrometer for monitoring polymeric compounding processes. To evaluate plastic components, non-destructive testing is strongly recommended. For instance, THz imaging is capable of inspecting plastic weld joints or revealing the orientation of fiber reinforcements. Water strongly absorbs THz radiation. However, this sensitivity to water can be employed in order to investigate the moisture absorption in plastics and the water content in plants. Furthermore, applications in food technology are discussed. Moreover, security scanning applications are addressed in terms of identifying liquid explosives. We present the vision and first components of a handheld security scanner. In addition, a new approach for parameter extraction of THz TDS data is presented. All in all, we give an overview how industry can benefit from THz TDS completing the tool box of non-destructive evaluation.

Wietzke, S.; Jansen, C.; Jördens, C.; Krumbholz, N.; Vieweg, N.; Scheller, M.; Shakfa, M. K.; Romeike, D.; Hochrein, T.; Mikulics, M.; Koch, M.

2009-07-01

389

U.S. Sorghum Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Sorghum has become a major feed grain crop in recent years, complementing the development of the feedlot industry in the Southwest where most U.S. sorghum is produced. About 72 percent of the crop is fed domestically; exports account for 26 percent. Seed,...

D. M. Jackson W. R. Grant C. E. Shafer

1980-01-01

390

Industrialization and the Big Push  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores Rosenstein-Rodan's idea that simultaneous In- dustrialization ol many sectors of the economy can be profitable for them all even when no sector can break even industrialking alone. We analy~e this idea in the context of an imperfectly competitive economy with aggregate demand spillovers and interpret the big push into industrialization as a move from a bad lo

Kevin M. Murphy; Andrei Shleifer; Robert W. Vishny

1989-01-01

391

Connecting the Chain - Industry Alliances  

Microsoft Academic Search

Probably one of the most popular buzz phrases in U.S. Industry today is Strategic Alliances. Perhaps, we should take a minute to define what a Strategic Alliance is because we are seeing some indiscriminate use of the phrase. Definition. Two or more independent parties combine their respective strengths such as their assets, resources, and management, which are synergistic with one

Paul F. Engler

1993-01-01

392

Environmental Information for Industrial Designers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this dissertation, the environmental information needs of industrial designers who are in the process of designing a product is studied. The objective of this study is to develop a model that gives a summary of the specific environmental information ne...

C. A. Bakker

1995-01-01

393

Industrial Art: Mission to Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a story about industrial art. It is certainly not a story about smart studios and fashionable galleries, subtle techniques and aesthetic beauty. This is a story of sheet rock, nails, and low-grade lumber in the hands of unskilled teenage laborers. While this story boasts of no future museum pieces, it tells a heartwarming story of rare…

Wilhelm, Mike

2009-01-01

394

New ideas in industrial psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six of the current concepts in the field of industrial psychology which appear to the author to be important are discussed. They are: (1) that of Lewin and his colleagues concerning the motivation of workers, (2) the Likert and Katz group studies on factors in worker morale, (3) the approach of Shartle and his group to the study of leadership,

Edwin E. Ghiselli

1951-01-01

395

METHANE EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL SOURCES  

EPA Science Inventory

The chapter identifies and describes major industrial sources of methane (CH4) emissions. or each source type examined, it identifies CH4 release points and discusses in detail the factors affecting emissions. t also summarizes and discusses available global and country-specific ...

396

An Industrial-Strength Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Merck Institute for Science Education whose goals are to communicate the excitement and relevance of science to students through science teaching, and to work with teachers and instill in them an understanding and appreciation of science. Involves industry volunteers contributing to the professional development of teachers and…

White, Michael; Brown, Donna

1997-01-01

397

Industry and Schools as Partners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Grammy in the Schools project that is a joint effort by the National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences (NARAS) Foundation, Discover Card, and 15 major universities across the country. Expounds that music students are able to learn about a variety of career opportunities available in the music industry. (CMK)

Cutietta, Robert A.

1997-01-01

398

Berlin's Creative Industries: Governing Creativity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims at discussing the issue of governing creativity exemplifying the case of Berlin. Berlin has a fast growing creative industry that has become the object of the city's development policies and place marketing. The core question is: What are the spatial?organizational driving forces of creativity in Berlin—can they be steered by public administration? The point of departure of

Bastian Lange; Ares Kalandides; Birgit Stöber; H. A. Mieg

2008-01-01

399

Careers in the Aerospace Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document briefly presents career information in the field of aerospace industry. Employment exists in three areas: (1) professional and technical occupations in research and development (engineers, scientists, and technicians); (2) administrative, clerical, and related occupations (engineers, scientists, technicians, clerks, secretaries,…

Federal Aviation Administration (DOT), Washington, DC. Office of General Aviation.

400

Photovoltaic industry progress through 1984  

SciTech Connect

The growth of the US photovoltaics (PV) industry over the past decade has been impressive. First designed to provide power for satellites using high-cost production techniques, PV is now the economical choice in many remote terrestrial applications. The remarkable growth of PV in terms of quality of cells and modules, production techniques, and system design, was initiated by a cooperative effort of the US Government and the domestic PV manufacturers. European and Japanese firms entered the PV industry later, but are also growing rapidy. The Europeans continue to supply PV systems for village electrification and water pumping to many Third World countries. The Japanese have been developing the amorphous silicon (A-Si) technology by expanding its use in consumer goods. The world PV industry saw dramatic changes in industry ownership and in the emphasis on developing new and improved technology during 1984. The objective of this report is to present information on the developments of the world PV industry and focuses on developments occurring in 1984. Information is presented on a regional basis (US, Europe, Japan, other) to avoid disclosing company-confidential data. All information was gleaned from several sources, including a review of the technical literature and direct contacts with PV manufacturers. Prior to publishing the regional totals, all numbers were compared with those of other sources. The information contained in this report is prepared for use by the Department of Energy for their use in long-term R and D planning. However, this information should also be of interest by PV manufacturers and to those who may be contemplating entering the PV market. PV shipments for 1984, government supports for PV, and various PV market sectors are discussed.

Watts, R.L.; Smith, S.A.; Dirks, J.A.

1985-04-01

401

Industrial applications of thermal sprayed coatings in Venezuelan steelmaking industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The metal components subjected to high temperature conditions, abrasive wear, corrosion, impact, etc.; tend to present degradation of manufacturing material, causing the failure imminent of the component. One of the alternatives to minimize or eliminate such effect is the application of ceramic coatings, which are thermal insulators and exhibit high mechanical strength. Its extreme hardness, coupled with the low friction properties and chemical stability, allowing its use in a wide variety of applications. Therefore, the following paper describes the application of thermal sprayed coatings obtained by HVOF and Plasma technologies like alternative to protect the metallic equipment in different venezuelan industrial sectors, such as to operate under aggressive conditions of service, such as the steelmaking nationals industries. This study presents applications cases of ceramic-based coatings, in order to minimize the sticking of metallic material in components of reduction reactor of FINMET® and MIDREXTM process.

Liscano, S.; Nuñez, E.; Gil, L.; Zerpa, R.

2013-11-01

402

Industrial input-output analysis: implications for industrial ecology.  

PubMed Central

Industrial ecology will need to develop fundamentally new approaches to reducing, reusing, and recycling wastes. Industrial ecology will also require an analytic framework for examining the implications for the economic system as a whole of each potential web of industrial changes. A suitable framework is furnished by structural economics, which situates the economy within the physical world. This approach is based on dynamic analysis rather than static concepts of equilibrium, and optimization assumptions are used selectively rather than as the general solution mechanism. Input-output economics, an important formal model within structural economics, can trace the stocks and flows of energy and other materials from extraction through production and consumption to recycling or disposal. An input-output computation, including wastes, is presented; it illustrates the separate but integrated analysis of physical stocks and flows and of prices and costs. This paper also describes the major advances that have been made in the last decade in the extension of input-output economics to address increasingly complex questions, notably the fully dynamic physical/price/income model and the engineering/input-output data base. Economists need to be able to assess the costs of cleaning up and to develop incentive schemes to increase the likelihood this will happen. To do this, economists need to take on the difficult "how" questions that concern industrial ecologists since the cost, and indeed the wider implications, of cleaning up depends upon how it is done. Structural economics, and modern input-output models and data bases, in particular, can help meet this challenge.

Duchin, F

1992-01-01

403

The future of the chemical industries  

SciTech Connect

As Lincoln, we first must ask where we are before we ask whither. I'd therefore like to define where our industry is and how it got there before we look at the challenges facing us. If we view the chemical and petroleum industries through the glass of macroeconomics, they look very healthy. Let's start with size. Table 1 shows that these two industries each provide about 10% of the total U.S. manufacturing output. This paper shows the fraction of the total GNP contributed by the chemical industry and by the petroleum industry and compares them with total manufacturing. The authors note that total manufacturing grew more slowly than the total GNP, whereas over the last 40 years, the chemical industry grew close to the rate of the GNP. For a large industry, this is the best we can hope for. The chemical industry is one of the very few major industries that has consistently maintained a positive trade balance.

Shinnar, R.

1991-01-01

404

Three Studies in Industrial Economics: Competition and Industry Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chapter 1 reviews alternative theories of competition - the standard Neoclassical view, the contribution of the Chicago School as well as the two dynamic lines of thought which are part of Austrian economics and Classical Political Economy. The latter is presented as a consistent alternative to the other existing theories. Of special interest is the question if and how industry structure matters in these approaches, how profitability differentials are explained and what role market share concentration and mobility barriers play. Their predictions and implications for empirical research are compared. Ways to test and evaluate these different approaches are described. Chapter 2 investigates econometrically how industry and micro level variables determine persistent differentials in the rate of return on assets in the U.S. The analysis is the first to use business segment data to explain long term profitability differentials. It presents new market concentration indicators that are superior to concentration ratios and allow to analyze an unpreceded amount of concentration and other data back to 1977. Critical concentration levels, non-linearities, interaction effects and previously ignored important control variables like industrial unionization are being considered. Concentration is found to have significant negative effects on profitability differentials. Barrier indicators are insignificant while market shares are positively correlated with long-run profitability. Concentration thus increases, not diminishes the degree of industrial competition. This is interpreted as evidence in support of Classical Political Economic competition theory. Chapter 3 presents a costs of production based industry analytical study that aims at consistency with Classical Political Economic thought. It investigates how growth of renewable electricity in Germany forces conventional power plants to shift towards more flexible operating regimes. The simulation of individual power plant load uses different current and future as well as alternative price and energy policy scenarios, four years of 15-minute interval data on system and renewable load as well as an unpreceded degree of detail on plant cost structures and technical characteristics. I find that the costs of electricity generation of cleaner, flexible thermal plants are positively effected by the transition. The competitiveness of inflexible baseload plants falls as they become more expensive than renewables. Lignite and nuclear power turns out to be unsuited to supplement renewable energy: a future exit reduces the average costs of electricity generation from conventional plants.

Keil, Jan

405

Leadership for safety: industrial experience  

PubMed Central

The importance of leadership for effective safety management has been the focus of research attention in industry for a number of years, especially in energy and manufacturing sectors. In contrast, very little research into leadership and safety has been carried out in medical settings. A selective review of the industrial safety literature for leadership research with possible application in health care was undertaken. Emerging findings show the importance of participative, transformational styles for safety performance at all levels of management. Transactional styles with attention to monitoring and reinforcement of workers' safety behaviours have been shown to be effective at the supervisory level. Middle managers need to be involved in safety and foster open communication, while ensuring compliance with safety systems. They should allow supervisors a degree of autonomy for safety initiatives. Senior managers have a prime influence on the organisation's safety culture. They need to continuously demonstrate a visible commitment to safety, best indicated by the time they devote to safety matters.

Flin, R; Yule, S

2004-01-01

406

1995 mask industry quality assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The third annual mask industry assessment will again survey various industry companies for key performance measurements in the areas of quality and delivery. This year's assessment is enhanced to include the area of safety and further breakdown of the data into 5-inch vs. 6- inch. The data compiled includes shipments, customer return rate, customer return reason, performance to schedule, plate survival yield, and throughput time (TPT) from 1988 through Q2, 1995. Contributor identities remain protected by utilizing Arthur Andersen & Company to ensure participant confidentiality. Participation in the past included representation of over 75% of the total merchant and captive mask volume in the United States. This year's assessment is expected to result in expanded participation by again inviting all mask suppliers domestically to participate as well as an impact from inviting international suppliers to participate.

Bishop, Chris; Strott, Al

1995-12-01

407

Translational informatics: an industry perspective  

PubMed Central

Translational informatics (TI) is extremely important for the pharmaceutical industry, especially as the bar for regulatory approval of new medications is set higher and higher. This paper will explore three specific areas in the drug development lifecycle, from tools developed by precompetitive consortia to standardized clinical data collection to the effective delivery of medications using clinical decision support, in which TI has a major role to play. Advancing TI will require investment in new tools and algorithms, as well as ensuring that translational issues are addressed early in the design process of informatics projects, and also given higher weight in funding or publication decisions. Ultimately, the source of translational tools and differences between academia and industry are secondary, as long as they move towards the shared goal of improving health.

2012-01-01

408

1980 Keystone coal industry manual  

SciTech Connect

For some 62 years, KEYSTONE has served as the industry reference authority for the many, diverse organizations concerned with the supply and utilization of coal in the United States and Canada. For coal buyers and coal users, KEYSTONE is edited to help you find and select the best type of coal for your purpose and utilize it for maximum efficiency. KEYSTONE tells you who mines it, who handles it, who uses it - and how to make sure you get the best value for your money. KEYSTONE advertisers, through their printed messages, provide you with important, additional information on their sales, service and production facilities. KEYSTONE serves as a comprehensive reference to the production and distribution facilities of the coal industry and is the source of considerable data unavailable elsewhere. Some of the new features in this 1980 edition are described.

Nielsen, G.F. (ed.)

1980-01-01

409

1980 KEYSTONE coal industry manual  

SciTech Connect

For coal buyers and coal users, KEYSTONE is edited to help you find and select the best type of coal for your purpose and utilize it for maximum efficiency. KEYSTONE tells you who mines it, who handles it, who uses it - and how to make sure you get the best value for your money. KEYSTONE advertisers provide important, additional information on their sales, service and production facilities. KEYSTONE serves as a comprehensive reference to the production and distribution facilities of the coal industry and is the source of considerable data unavailable elsewhere. KEYSTONE's content has been enlarged - with more editorial pages added to better serve the industry's information needs. All Directory Sections and other services have been thoroughly checked, revised and updated - literally thousands of changes.

Nielsen, G.F. (ed.)

1980-01-01

410

Ceramics for ATS industrial turbines  

SciTech Connect

US DOE and most US manufacturers of stationary gas turbines are participating in a major national effort to develop advanced turbine systems (ATS). The ATS program will achieve ultrahigh efficiencies, environmental superiority, and cost competitiveness compared with current combustion turbine systems. A major factor in the improved efficiencies of simple cycle ATS gas turbines will be higher operating efficiencies than curren engines. These temperatures strain the limits of metallic alloy and flow-path cooling technologies. Ceramics materials offer a potential alterative to cooled turbine alloys for ATS turbines due to higher melting points than metallics. This paper evaluates ceramics technology and plant economic issues for ATS industrial turbine systems. A program with the objective of demonstrating first-stage ceramic vanes in a commerical industrial turbine is also described.

Wenglarz, R.; Ali, S. [Allison Engine Co., Indianapolis, IN (United States); Layne, A. [USDOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States)

1996-05-01

411

Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use: Chapter 10. Plastics and Resins Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The catalog of Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use was developed as an aid in defining the environmental impacts of industrial activity in the United States. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of th...

G. E. Wilkins

1977-01-01

412

Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use: Chapter 29 Primary Copper Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The catalog of Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use was developed as an aid in defining the environmental impacts of industrial activity in the United States. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of th...

1980-01-01

413

Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use. Chapter 10. The Plastics and Resins Production Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents a detailed analysis of the plastics and resins production industry, which includes operations that convert industrial organic chemicals into solid or liquid polymers. Elements of the analysis include an industry definition, raw materia...

1985-01-01

414

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE. CHAPTER 10. THE PLASTICS AND RESINS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report presents a detailed analysis of the plastics and resins production industry, which includes operations that convert industrial organic chemicals into solid or liquid polymers. Elements of the analysis include an industry definition, raw materials, products and manufact...

415

Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use: Chapter 16. The Fluorocarbon-Hydrogen Floride Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The catalog of Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use was developed as an aid in defining the environmental impacts of industrial activity in the United States. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of th...

H. E. Doorenbus T. Parsons

1977-01-01

416

Microbial Cellulases and Their Industrial Applications  

PubMed Central

Microbial cellulases have shown their potential application in various industries including pulp and paper, textile, laundry, biofuel production, food and feed industry, brewing, and agriculture. Due to the complexity of enzyme system and immense industrial potential, cellulases have been a potential candidate for research by both the academic and industrial research groups. Nowadays, significant attentions have been devoted to the current knowledge of cellulase production and the challenges in cellulase research especially in the direction of improving the process economics of various industries. Scientific and technological developments and the future prospects for application of cellulases in different industries are discussed in this paper.

Kuhad, Ramesh Chander; Gupta, Rishi; Singh, Ajay

2011-01-01

417

Industrial Applications of Evolvable Hardware  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this talk, first, the introduction of the concept of Evolvable Hardware (EHW) is made focussed on: basic concept of evolvable hardware, digital hardware evolution (gate-level evolvable hardware and\\u000a function level evolvable hardware), also analogue hardware evolution and mechanical hardware evolution. The industrial applications\\u000a of EHW are discussed, including : (a) cellular phone analog LSI EHW chip – installed in

Tetsuya Higuchi

2004-01-01

418

How industrial societies use energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

An attempt is made to find an answer as to why the per capita consumption of primary energy resources are so much higher in the U.S. than in other industrial countries, whose per capita income does not differ appreciably from that of the U.S. Comparative patterns of energy consumption are considered for the U.S., Canada, France, West Germany, Italy, Netherland,

J. Darmstadter; J. Dunkerley; J. Alterman

1978-01-01

419

Industrial applications of neutron diffraction  

SciTech Connect

Neutron diffraction (or, to be more general, neutron scattering) is a most versatile and universal tool, which has been widely employed to probe the structure, the dynamics and the magnetism of condensed matter. Traditionally used for fundamental research in solid state physics, this technique more recently has been applied to problems of immediate industrial interest, as illustrated in examples covering the main fields of endeavour. 14 refs., 14 figs.

Felcher, G.P.

1989-01-01

420

The Insurance Industry in Mauritius  

Microsoft Academic Search

The insurance industry is relatively well developed. It makes extensive use of reinsurance facilities and is free from the pervasive premium, product, investment, and reinsurance controls that have bedeviled the insurance markets of so many developing countries around the world.Total premiums amounted in 2001 to 4.1 percent of GDP, while insurance company assets were equivalent to 18 percent of GDP.Life

Dimitri Vittas

2003-01-01

421

Transportation concepts for space industrialization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space shuttle and heavy lift launch vehicle concepts are described with attention to transportation cost trends. Chemical (LOX/LH2), nuclear, and electric propulsion systems are considered. Suggested space shuttle projects include the support of manned geosynchronous missions and the transfer of bulk cargo and large-delicate space structures from fabrication/assembly orbits to their operational locations. It is thought that development of the space shuttle will stimulate interest in space industrialization.

Murphy, J. T.

1977-01-01

422

California Industrial Energy Efficiency Potential  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an overview of the modeling approach andhighlights key findings of a California industrial energy efficiencypotential study. In addition to providing estimates of technical andeconomic potential, the study examines achievable program potential undervarious program-funding scenarios. The focus is on electricity andnatural gas savings for manufacturing in the service territories ofCalifornia's investor-owned utilities (IOUs). The assessment is conductedby industry type and by end use. Both crosscutting technologies andindustry-specific process measures are examined. Measure penetration intothe marketplace is modeled as a function of customer awareness, measurecost effectiveness, and perceived market barriers. Data for the studycomes from a variety of sources, including: utility billing records, theEnergy Information Association (EIA) Manufacturing Energy ConsumptionSurvey (MECS), state-sponsored avoided cost studies, energy efficiencyprogram filings, and technology savings and cost data developed throughLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The study identifies 1,706GWh and 47 Mth (million therms) per year of achievable potential over thenext twelve years under recent levels of program expenditures, accountingfor 5.2 percent of industrial electricity consumption and 1.3 percent ofindustrial natural gas consumption. These estimates grow to 2,748 GWh and192 Mth per year if all cost-effective and achievable opportunities arepursued. Key industrial electricity end uses, in terms of energy savingspotential, include compressed air and pumping systems that combine toaccount for about half of the total achievable potential estimates. Fornatural gas, savings are concentrated in the boiler and process heatingend uses, accounting for over 99 percent to total achievablepotential.

Coito, Fred; Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Masanet, Eric; RafaelFriedmann; Rufo, Mike

2005-06-01

423

Tobacco and the movie industry.  

PubMed

Despite the tobacco industry's voluntary restrictions and its agreement with the state attorneys general prohibiting direct and indirect cigarette marketing to youth and paid product placement, tobacco use remains prevalent in movies. Extensive research provides strong and consistent evidence that smoking in the movies promotes smoking. This article summarizes the evidence on the nature and effect of smoking in the movies on adolescents (and others) and proposes several solutions to reduce adolescent exposure to movie smoking and subsequent smoking. PMID:16446255

Charlesworth, Annemarie; Glantz, Stanton A

2006-01-01

424

Food industry: friend or foe?  

PubMed

Open discourse and tolerance between the food industry and public sector is limited. As a result, the public and private sectors are reluctant to collaborate on pressing nutritional issues. Those in the public sector have never heard what they could do to encourage a food company's transition towards healthier foods and beverages, whereas many in the private sector dismissed policies and actions initiated within the public sector. During my career, I have sought to engage the broadest possible stakeholder groups required to develop evidence-based policies and with the aim of improving public health. My recent experience in industry confirmed my view about the need for scientific exchange regardless of the disagreements about policy. Open discourse and partnering is essential if we are to tackle complex food and health issues and improve the global food system. Private-public engagement can provide faster and more sustainable results than government alone without impacting profits. Moreover, a high-quality product in smaller portions will have higher profit margins than a bargain-sized product of lower quality. The food industry and private sector must come together to implement innovative strategies to address urgent nutritional needs. PMID:24180599

Yach, D

2014-01-01

425

Biomonitoring for the photovoltaics industry  

SciTech Connect

Biomonitoring often is used as a method for estimating the dose to an individual. Therefore, a parameter of measurement, or biomarkers must be identified. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of biomonitoring protocols for metals used in the photovoltaics industry. Special attention is given to areas that often are skimmed over, to gain insights into some of the problems that may arise when these tasks are carried out. Biological monitoring can be used to determine current human exposures to chemicals, as well as to detect past exposures, and the effects that these exposures may have on human health. It is used in conjunction with environmental monitoring to describe more completely worker`s exposures to, and absorption of, chemicals in the workplace. Biological specimens (e.g., blood, hair or urine) are analyzed for chemical agents, metabolites, or for some specific effect on the person (Lowry 1994). Biomonitoring can assess a workers exposure to industrial chemicals by all routes including skin absorption and ingestion. Although the methodology still is in its infancy, in cases where the procedures have been developed, it can be an invaluable component of an ongoing program of industrial hygiene monitoring. Like any technology, there are limitations to its effectiveness because of a lack of knowledge, contamination of specimens, and the introduction of errors.

Bernholc, N.M.; Moskowitz, P.D.

1995-07-01

426

Recording Industry Association of America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Recording Industry Association of America's (RIAA) site contains articles and statistics concerning the recording arts industry. The RIAA is a "trade group that represents the U.S. recording industry" and its members are responsible for roughly 90 percent of the sound recordings that are produced and sold in the U.S. A visitor seeking the best of their resources should click on the press room section at the top of the home page, there they will find six main sections, these include: must reads, news/views, guest columns, legal cases, photo gallery and research and data. These sections contain valuable information including current articles from around the web on piracy and new technology to the status of various legal cases that the organization is involved in. Another link from the home page visitors should see is the Issues section. Here users will find information spanning artist contracts, licensing and royalties, and a glossary. In all, this site is a resource that would be useful to instructors as well as students interested in the recording arts.

2006-12-25

427

Accrediting industrial safety training programs  

SciTech Connect

There are job-specific training requirements established by regulations that Impose stringent training requirements on a contractor, for example, the Occupational Safety Health Act (OSHA). Failure to comply with OSHA training requirements can result in severe penalties being levied against a company. Although an accredited training program is expensive, it is a possible solution for minimizing risks associated with job-specific training requirements for employees. Operating DOE contractors direct approximately 10 percent of the operating funds toward training activities. Training needs for contractors span a broad range, from requirements awareness training for managers, to general training required on a one-time basis for all employees, to highly specialized training programs for employees involved In clean-up operations at hazardous waste sites. With this kind of an investment in training, it is logical to maximize the most return on an investment of training funds and to limit exposure to liability suits whenever possible. This presentation will provide an overview of accredited industrial safety programs. The criteria for accredited industrial safety programs will be defined. The question of whether accredited training programs are necessary will be examined. Finally, advantages and disadvantages will be identified for accrediting industrial safety training programs.

Beitel, L.

1992-01-01

428

Accrediting industrial safety training programs  

SciTech Connect

There are job-specific training requirements established by regulations that Impose stringent training requirements on a contractor, for example, the Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA). Failure to comply with OSHA training requirements can result in severe penalties being levied against a company. Although an accredited training program is expensive, it is a possible solution for minimizing risks associated with job-specific training requirements for employees. Operating DOE contractors direct approximately 10 percent of the operating funds toward training activities. Training needs for contractors span a broad range, from requirements awareness training for managers, to general training required on a one-time basis for all employees, to highly specialized training programs for employees involved In clean-up operations at hazardous waste sites. With this kind of an investment in training, it is logical to maximize the most return on an investment of training funds and to limit exposure to liability suits whenever possible. This presentation will provide an overview of accredited industrial safety programs. The criteria for accredited industrial safety programs will be defined. The question of whether accredited training programs are necessary will be examined. Finally, advantages and disadvantages will be identified for accrediting industrial safety training programs.

Beitel, L.

1992-12-31

429

What is industry's deepwater capability  

SciTech Connect

Industry now has drilled many wells in water depths of from 2000 to 5000 ft offshore countries like Canada, Surinam, Australia, UK, Spain, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Gabon, Brazil, Mauritania, Indonesia, Morocco and Ireland. The US has the world's best technology and the world's best experience and most of the world's proven deepwater drilling equipment and contractors are in the US. However, the US has not released for exploration its deepwater areas. The OCS out to 600+ ft is being exlored in a routine manner by mobile, bottom-supported and floating drilling equipment. The continental slope (600 to 5000 ft.) is being explored by the special deepwater floating drilling units. The continental rise (5000 to 13,000 ft.) is industry's next objective for exploration. The technology and experience used in exploration drilling is applied to producing oil/gas in deepwater. Production is handled by a floating platform resembling a semi drilling rig with a production riser substituting for the drilling riser. Industry takes small, steady steps to develop its techniques for drilling and producing. (DP)

Hammett, D.

1980-11-01

430

Foundations for Excellence in the Chemical Process Industries. Voluntary Industry Standards for Chemical Process Industries Technical Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses the Voluntary Industry Standards for Chemical Process Industries Technical Workers Project and issues of relevance to the education and employment of chemical laboratory technicians (CLTs) and process technicians (PTs). Section 1 consists of the following background information: overview of the chemical process industries,…

Hofstader, Robert; Chapman, Kenneth

431

Industrial Crafts (Production.) Industrial Arts, Senior High--Level II. North Dakota Senior High Industrial Arts Curriculum Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course guide for an industrial crafts course is one of four developed for the production area in the North Dakota senior high industrial arts education program. (Eight other guides are available for two other areas of Industrial Arts--energy/power and graphic communications.) Part 1 provides such introductory information as a definition and…

Claus, Robert; And Others

432

Thailand: Industrial Development Strategy in Thailand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses the following aspects of a strategy for industrial development in Thailand: Orientation of industrial growth and development strategy; investment incentives; import protection export incentives; regional incentives, and general suppor...

1980-01-01

433

BARREL AND DRUM RECONDITIONING INDUSTRY STATUS PROFILE  

EPA Science Inventory

This report is an industry profile of drum reconditioning process characteristics and the current status of pollutant generation and disposal. An overview of the reconditioning industry describes number, location, and types of facilities, and estimates the volumes of drums proces...

434

Idaho Solid Waste Management Industrial Survey Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An industrial solid waste survey was conducted to compile information on the types and amounts of solid waste generated and the solid waste management techniques employed by Idaho's manufacturing industries. The survey was conducted using personal intervi...

1973-01-01

435

Assessment of the Coffee Industry in Jamaica.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report assesses the Jamaican coffee industry, especially the non-Blue Mountain coffee sector, with a focus on its potential for expansion and on the constraints thereto. Topics covered include the industry's history, legal and institutional framework,...

D. J. Black

1990-01-01

436

Gypsum: A School-Industry Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the British Gypsum, a school-industry science project, designed to link the school with local industry. Teaching strategy, some experiments, and evaluation of the project are also included. (HM)

May, P. F.; And Others

1980-01-01

437

Industrial Hygiene Chemistry Course; Course Evaluator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A set of 60 multiple choice questions on Industrial Hygiene Chemistry is presented for evaluation of a one week Industrial Hygiene Chemistry course. Questions relate to electrochemical reactions, spectrometry, gas chromatography, x-ray diffraction, atomic...

1975-01-01

438

Second Symposium on Space Industrialization. [space commercialization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The policy, legal, and economic aspects of space industrialization are considered along with satellite communications, material processing, remote sensing, and the role of space carriers and a space station in space industrialization.

Jernigan, C. M. (editor)

1984-01-01

439

Industry Test Program for Interlayer Equivalency.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

After the announcement in 1980 that Monsanto will have to discontinue production of their interlayer 'Saflex PT' due to the non availability of 3 GH plasticizer, an Industry team, under the auspices of the Aerospace Industries Association (AIA), was forme...

P. H. Bain

1983-01-01

440

Program Guides Students on Industry Careers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes efforts by the Younger Chemists Committee of the American Chemical Society to bridge the gap between university and industry so that college students are familiarized with expectations of business and industry. (CP)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1975

1975-01-01

441

7 CFR 1215.8 - Industry information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Industry information means information and programs that will lead to the development of new markets, new marketing strategies, or increased efficiency for the popcorn industry, or activities to enhance the image of the popcorn...

2010-01-01

442

Weapons: A Report on the Industry 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The weapons industry provides critical support directly to the military element and indirectly to other (e.g., diplomatic, informational, and economic) elements of national power. The industry, with products ranging from nuclear weapons to non-lethal arms...

S. Maybaumwisniewski W. Kreitler L. Kerr J. Laurence

2004-01-01

443

A Computational Prototype of Industrial District  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of our paper is to suggest an agent-based computational approach to industrial districts. Agent-based computational techniques enable us to focus industrial district modeling on evolutionary fundamentals, such as \\

Riccardo Boero; Flaminio Squazzoni

2001-01-01

444

Buckminster Fuller Reflects on Industry and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fuller offers insights into the meanings of industry and technology and how they have acquired undeserved connotations. He examines capitalism, enterprise, and integrity as exemplified by Henry Ford and the consequences of the current lack of integrity in industry. (SK)

Estrem, William A.

1983-01-01

445

Symposium on Industrial Effluent: Control and Treatment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains a collection of papers on 'Industrial effluents: Control and Treatment,' symposium held at Pretoria, South Africa, November 23, 1981. The principal industrial effluents and control techniques described are from the steel, textile, meta...

S. N. van Biljon F. V. K. von Reiche J. J. Schoeman G. R. Botha R. J. L. C. Drews

1981-01-01

446

Tannin Adhesives - From Laboratory to Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The past research program on tannin-based adhesives, the research achievements attained and their translation into industrial application, as well as cost and technical advantages of tannin adhesives in current industrial use are discussed. In particular,...

H. O. Scharfetter A. Pizzi

1981-01-01

447

An Open Letter to American Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citing the rising frequency of automobile recalls as proof of the decline of the automobile industry, this article humorously proposes six suggestions for reforming the industry. The suggestions are remarkably similar to recent proposals for the reform of schooling. (PGD)

Schimmels, Cliff

1985-01-01

448

Acid rain: Impact on Southern industries  

SciTech Connect

These papers deal with the urgent problem of acid rain. Of particular interest to the conference was the impact on Southern industries. Papers deal with control technology, government policies, and industrial concerns.

Not Available

1986-01-01

449

29 CFR 697.1 - Industry definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...wholesaling activities included within other industry wage orders which are applicable in American Samoa. (g) Bottling, brewing and dairy products. The bottling, brewing and dairy products industry includes the bottling, sale and...

2013-07-01

450

29 CFR 697.1 - Industry definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...wholesaling activities included within other industry wage orders which are applicable in American Samoa. (g) Bottling, brewing and dairy products. The bottling, brewing and dairy products industry includes the bottling, sale and...

2010-07-01

451

29 CFR 697.1 - Industry definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...wholesaling activities included within other industry wage orders which are applicable in American Samoa. (g) Bottling, brewing and dairy products. The bottling, brewing and dairy products industry includes the bottling, sale and...

2009-07-01

452

Industry Sector Analysis Canada: Office Furniture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service officers in Canada prepare market surveys for those industry sectors which offer the best sales prospects for American firms. These Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contain statistical and narrative information on projected m...

V. Palfi

1992-01-01

453

Industry Sector Analysis Canada: Sporting Goods.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service officers in Canada prepare market surveys for those industry sectors which offer the best sales prospects for American firms. These Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contain statistical and narrative information on projected m...

T. Roesch

1992-01-01

454

Industry Sector Analysis Canada: Electronic Components.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service officers in Canada prepare market surveys for those industry sectors which offer the best sales prospects for American firms. These Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contain statistical and narrative information on projected m...

R. Tachuk

1992-01-01

455

Industry Sector Analysis Canada: Printed Circuit Boards.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service officers in Canada prepare market surveys for those industry sectors which offer the best sales prospects for American firms. These Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contain statistical and narrative information on projected m...

R. Tachuk

1992-01-01

456

The U. S. Foundry Industry - Viable Source.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study first provides background, identifies and defines the foundry industry. Then key factors affecting productivity and economic stability are considered to assess their impact on the foundry industry; resources and federal legislation area are disc...

G. L. Schmidt

1975-01-01

457

Industrial and Systems Engineering Applications in NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation on the many applications of Industrial and Systems Engineering used for safe NASA missions is shown. The topics include: 1) NASA Information; 2) Industrial Engineering; 3) Systems Engineering; and 4) Major NASA Programs.

Shivers, Charles H.

2006-01-01

458

Industry and Trade Summary: Animal Feeds.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report addresses trade and industry conditions for the animal feed industry for the period 1994-98. Animal feed products include (1) ingredients, derived from the processing of grains, oilseeds, meat, vegetable, and fish products; (2) roughages, such...

K. Rich

2000-01-01

459

Conservation and renewable energy technologies for industry  

SciTech Connect

This publication presents current efforts by the US DOE Office of Industrial Technologies to increase national end-use efficiency and promote renewable energy use in industrial applications. This also entails reducing industrial and municipal waste and the associated environmental impacts and hazards. The transfer of research results to commercial practice in such industries as petroleum refining, chemicals, primary metals, pulp and paper, food, and textiles is a vital step in energy conservation. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-10-01

460

National Industry Clusters: The Case of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industry clusters in a region represent a material basis for an innovation-based economy. The paper aims to explore the Turkish industry clusters by examining the inter-industry selling and purchasing relationships. The 1990 Turkish input-output table is used to identify the similarities between selling and purchasing patterns of 60 manufacturing industries and derive a matrix that describes the relative linkage between

Nese Kumral; Sedef Akgüngör; Aykut Lenger

2006-01-01

461

Has branding failed the utility industry?  

SciTech Connect

Some flawed, and now discredited, experiments have thrown a shadow over the value of branding in the utility industry. But brands do have power in the energy industry, if they are well conceived and their execution is well supported. Branding has been enthusiastically embraced by those industries that are bearing the brunt of regulatory and technological changes. At the forefront of these are the telecommunications, airlines, financial services, and power utilities industries.

Brew, A. [Addison, New York, NY (United States)] [Addison, New York, NY (United States); [Addison, San Francisco, CA (United States); [Addison, Chicago, IL (United States); Phelps, L. [Phelps Consulting Group (United States)] [Phelps Consulting Group (United States)

1998-11-01

462

Guidelines for Estimating Unmetered Industrial Water Use  

SciTech Connect

The document provides a methodology to estimate unmetered industrial water use for evaporative cooling systems, steam generating boiler systems, batch process applications, and wash systems. For each category standard mathematical relationships are summarized and provided in a single resource to assist Federal agencies in developing an initial estimate of their industrial water use. The approach incorporates industry norms, general rules of thumb, and industry survey information to provide methodologies for each section.

Boyd, Brian K.

2010-08-01

463

Development pattern of industrial design in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to build up the development pattern of industrial design in China. Based on H. Alpay Er's six evaluation dimensions of the development pattern of industrial design in Newly Industrialized Countries, this paper put forward the four-phase development pattern of industrial design in China, which included “proto-design phase”, “introduction phase”, “adjustment phase”, and “take-off phase”.

Yu Chen; LiangZhi Li; ZhiJun Wu

2010-01-01

464

Industrial Maintenance Technology. Technical Committee Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Technical Committee Report prepared by industry representatives in Idaho lists the skills currently necessary for an employee in that state to obtain a job in industrial maintenance technology, retain a job once hired, and advance in that occupational field. (Task lists are grouped according to duty areas generally used in industry settings,…

Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise. Div. of Vocational Education.

465

Partnership with Industry: Film Production Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1988 final report of a task force from the Florida Postsecondary Education Planning Commission stated that in order to ensure continued growth of the motion picture film industry in the state, the postsecondary community must provide a well-trained and competent work force adept in all aspects of the industry. The film industry is a growing…

Rietveld, Richard; And Others

466

Perspectives on facilities management for industrial districts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possible evolution of facility management (FM) in industrial districts, which characterise Italian industrial system, is analysed. The paper investigates structural features of industrial districts, mainly formed by small sized enterprises, and how they influence the attributes of the FM market. An aggregation matrix is introduced to identify technical opportunities such as replicated, centralised and distributed facilities and management for

Antonella Meneghetti; Damiana Chinese

2002-01-01

467

The Transformation of the Nuclear Power Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1980s and early 1990s, the nuclear power generation industry in the US was viewed by the public as a dying industry owing mainly to concerns about the safety of the nuclear units, the storage of spent nuclear fuel, transportation of nuclear materials to central locations, and the general security of the nuclear facilities. Since then, the industry has

John Carter

2006-01-01

468

Correctional Training, Industries and Education. TIE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph includes the following seven papers: "The TIE (Training, Industries, Education) Concept--Moving from Theory to Practice" (Grieser); "Proposals for Prison Education and Training in Prison Industries" (Norris); "Implementation of TIE: Some Legislative Aspects" (Miller); "Federal Prison Industries TIE: An Update" (Muth); "Vocational…

Littlefield, John F., Ed.; West, Sharon Crook, Ed.

469

Linkages between manufacturing industry and business services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturing industry demand for business services is examined in the British city regions of Birmingham, Leeds, and Manchester. A postal survey of selected industries considers the impact of a number of industrial and organisational determinants of spatial variations in manufacturing service demands. The study suggests that external control is not the only important predictor of service linkage; previous research has

J N Marshall

1982-01-01

470

Educating Biotechnicians for Future Industry Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How to strengthen technician education to meet the needs of the biotechnology industry was the question before the 50 people who participated in the "Educating Biotechnicians for Future Industry Needs" conference from April 28 to 30 in Scottsdale, Arizona. The participants were from higher education, secondary schools, industry, government, and…

Patton, Madeline

2008-01-01

471

Energy Use in the Food Manufacturing Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A survey was conducted to find the level of energy consumption in the food manufacturing industry, which is the food processing industry excluding meat, dairy, and brewing. Data were used from 74 factories. The manufacturing industry was divided into 14 i...

A. C. Cleland M. D. Earle

1980-01-01

472

Industrial waste stream utilization to conserve energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several R and D projects funded by both private industry and DOE will result in significant energy savings for the country while providing profit for the industrial users. This paper discusses the waste streams, technologies, energy savings, markets, economics and analyses of two successful projects funded by the Office of Industrial Programs, Waste Products Utilization Branch. The first project is

Cranford

1982-01-01

473

Preparation for Work in Business and Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The one most important ingredient that should be included in the training of Industrial/Organizational (I/O) students who will be entering business and industry is practical experience prior to graduation, a conclusion resulting from two surveys. The first survey was sent to recent I/O graduates newly employed in industry, and asked for an…

Mayfield, Eugene C.

474

Deregulation-restructuring: Evidence for individual industries  

SciTech Connect

Several studies have measured the effects of regulation on a particular industry. These studies range widely in sophistication, from simple observation (comparison) of pre-transformation and post-transformation actual industry performance to econometric analysis that attempt to separate the effects of deregulation from other factors in explaining changes in an industry`s performance. The major problem with observation studies is that they are unable to measure the effect of one particular event, such as deregulation, on an industry`s performance. For example, at the same time that the United Kingdom privatized its electric power industry, it also radically restructured the industry to encourage competition and instituted a price-cap mechanism to regulate the prices of transmission, distribution, and bundled retail services. Subsequent to these changes in 1991, real prices for most UK electricity customers have fallen. It is not certain however, which of these factors was most important or even contributed to the decline in price. In any event, one must be cautious in interpreting the results of studies that attempt to measure the effect of deregulation per se for a specific industry. This report highlights major outcomes for five industries undergoing deregulation or major regulatory and restructuring reforms. These include the natural gas, transportation, UK electric power, financial, and telecommunications industries. Particular attention was given to the historical development of events in the telecommunications industry.

Costello, K.W.; Graniere, R.J.

1997-05-01

475

Industry-Supported Team Students' Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industry-supported team students' project enhances professional, intellectual and personal development of students while addressing the needs of local industry. In addition to achieving academic excellence, the students are exposed to industry requirements, and excel in effective oral communication and cooperative teamwork. The teamwork environment drastically improves the students' leadership ability both inside and outside of the classroom and their

Vladimir Glozman

476

CAD Training in Industry and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the need for increased computer-aided-design (CAD) training, and a symbiotic relationship between education and industry which could increase the supply of trained operators of CAD equipment. Industry problems (and how education can help) and education's problems (and how industry can help) are considered. (JN)

Lazear, Thomas J.

1984-01-01

477

Recycling industries: Booming with scrap growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise of consolidation in the scrap metal recycling industry trails, but parallels, the larger waste hauling industry, according to one of the leading scrap metal processors in the US. Recycling Industries (Englewood, CO) has been extremely active in acquiring new businesses since it received a $220 million capital loan last December. The company`s facilities number about 56 in 12

Malloy

1998-01-01

478

Industrial Relations Legislation: A Creative Contribution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One specific area of industrial relations training is considered--that of meeting the implications of change as a result of the current theme of joint involvement in proposed industrial relations legislation. This will demand new approaches for industry in England. (Author/BP)

Leary, Malcolm

1976-01-01

479

What Industry Wants: Employers' Preferences for Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse what retail and hospitality industry employers want from training and trainers. Design/methodology/approach: The research project was undertaken for Service Skills Australia, the Australian Industry Skills Council that oversees formal training for a range of service industries in…

Smith, Erica; Kemmis, Ros Brennan

2010-01-01

480

Cooperatives' Role in the Artificial Insemination Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The artificial insemination industry provides breeding products and services for both dairy and beef cattle. Two-thirds of the industry is organized as producer-owned cooperatives. The industry has been so highly successful in meeting the needs of produce...

J. A. Hogeland

1990-01-01

481

Centralized waste treatment of industrial wastewater  

SciTech Connect

Centralized waste treatment (CWT) for industrial wastewater is described in this book. With the CWT approach, industrial firms send their wastes to a common processing plant. The book addresses the engineering and business-related problems that are encountered by private CWT firms, local governments, and industry in creating sufficient CWT capacity to meet the growing demand for CWT services.

Saltzberg, E.R.; Cushnie, G.C. Jr.

1985-01-01

482

Library Searching: An Industrial User's Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses library searching of chemical literature from an industrial user's viewpoint, focusing on differences between academic and industrial researcher's searching techniques of the same problem area. Indicates that industry users need more exposure to patents, work with abstracting services and continued improvement in computer searching…

Hendrickson, W. A.

1982-01-01

483

Industrial Arts Curriculum Guide for General Shop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for general shop courses is part of a series of curriculum guides for use in the industrial arts curriculum in Connecticut. The guide provides information on the scope and sequence of the industrial arts curriculum, specific guidelines for industrial arts, program goals and objectives, and guidelines concerning special…

Hubachek, Carl H.; And Others

484

Research, innovation, and university-industry linkages.  

PubMed

Carter Administration actions to enhance basic research and stimulate industrial innovation have focused attention on the importance of formal university-industry cooperative relationships in science and engineering. We have examined the status of, and potential for, university-industry research consortia and research partnerships and the current and prospective roles of the federal government in stimulating such relationships. PMID:7350670

Prager, D J; Omenn, G S

1980-01-25

485

Management Skills in the Housing Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An assessment of Australia's housing industry determined the level of management skills currently existing in the industry, identified current and future management skills required for the industry, and evaluated current management skill development strategies. Data were collected from the following activities: review of recent literature; study…

Hayton, Geoff; Garrick, John; Schaafsma, Hank; Fishman, Rosalie; Stone, Jacqueline

486

Alaska Seafood Industry Study: A Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The seafood industry is Alaska's largest private basic industry employer, providing nearly 70,000 seasonal jobs which translates to 33,000 direct, indirect and induced year-round jobs. The total seafood industry payroll in 1987 was the largest among priva...

E. McDowell J. Calvin N. W. Gilbertsen

1989-01-01

487

Industry Restructuring: Extracts from Centre Publications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains excerpts from material previously published by Australia's TAFE (Technical and Further Education) National Centre for Research and Development on the subjects of industry restructuring, the reasons for restructuring, revising curricula, and providing a service to business and industry. Its contents are "Industry

Hall, William C., Ed.

488

Industrial Sewing Classroom Delivery System. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide, consisting of a series of 12 lesson plans for use in teaching 20 self-paced learning modules, deals with industrial sewing. Covered in the individual lesson plans are the following topics: an orientation to industrial sewing; the history of industrial sewing; safety and hygiene in the laboratory and in the factory; machine…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

489

Creating Ethical University-Industry Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic ethical guidelines for intellectual property disputes between universities and industry include (1) negotiate in best faith; (2) vest patent ownership in the university partner; (3) grant the industrial partner exclusive license in most desired field of use; (4) allow industrial partner to negotiate over serendipitous discoveries outside…

Streharsky, Charmaine Judy

1993-01-01

490

"Things" that Work: The Artifacts of Industrialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on teaching industrialization through the use of industrial artifacts, such as tools and products. Suggests field trips to museums and historic sites, building models of waterwheels or bridges, visiting an operating factory, and studying landscapes shaped by industrialization. Includes a bibliography. (CMK)

Geenfield, Briann; Malone, Patrick

2000-01-01

491

Industrialization in Latin America: Successes and Failures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Industrialization in Latin America and how it has influenced growth, employment, and income distribution are examined. The role played by multinational companies in industrialization is discussed. The future of Latin America's growth possibilities is evaluated in the light of the Asian export-industrialization models. (Author/RM)

Baer, Werner

1984-01-01

492

Competencies for Texas Industrial Arts Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project conducted by the Texas Education Agency to (1) develop a catalog of industrial arts and technical competencies needed by a teacher to teach all areas of industrial arts given in the approved curriculum and to (2) define and recommend guidelines for the implementation of competency testing for industrial arts. (JOW)

Kozak, Michael R.; And Others

1984-01-01

493

Advertising by Accountants: The Industrial User's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of studies have evaluated the attitudes of both professional accountants and consumers toward accounting advertising; however, very little is known about industrial clients' attitudes. The industrial market for accounting services is clearly significant and represents the focus of this study. This paper integrates the findings of a mail survey of industrial users with the earlier meta-analytic results (Hite

Robert E. Hite; Faye S. McIntyre; Richard K. Burke

2000-01-01

494

Industrial Arts Curriculum Guide for Plastics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides topic outlines and objectives for 12 units of an industrial arts program in plastics at any grade level. Introductory material describes the scope and sequence of an Industrial Arts program, gives specific guidelines for Industrial Arts, and briefly discusses the nature of plastics. Unit titles include Orientation of…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational Education.

495

Value Analysis in the Furniture Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual introduces the technique of value analysis and its application in the furniture industry. The technique was developed in the United States of America for the metal industry, but it is applicable in the furniture industry, too. The furniture in...

A. Juva

1983-01-01

496

The method of agile industrial design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The product economy of China is experiencing the transformation from the manufacturing to the creative industry. In this period, the desire for industrial design, especially of the small and medium-sized private enterprises, is much more than the past any period. In spite of the rapid development of Chinese industrial design for nearly 20 years, further research about design methods and

Gangjun Yang; Guoding Chen; Suihuai Yu; Jianjie Chu

2009-01-01

497

Industrial design utilization in New Zealand firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the use of industrial design expertise in New Zealand product manufacturing organizations. The results of a survey of 66 organizations, which manufacture products at the industrial design end of the product design spectrum, indicate that usage is positively associated with organization size and the extent of networking with design-related organizations. The usage of industrial design expertise was

Carol Slappendel

1996-01-01

498

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packagings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...containers may be used as Industrial packages Types 2 or 3 (Type...containers may also be used as Industrial package Type 2 or 3 (Type...packagings, each offeror of an industrial package must maintain on...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2013-10-01

499

Building the electronic industry's roadmaps  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

JTEC panelists found a strong consistency among the electronics firms they visited: all the firms had clear visions or roadmaps for their research and development activities and had committed resources to ensure that they achieve targeted results. The overarching vision driving Japan's electronics industry is that of achieving market success through developing appealing, high-quality, low-cost consumer goods - ahead of the competition. Specifics of the vision include improving performance, quality, and portability of consumer electronics products. Such visions help Japanese companies define in detail the roadmaps they will follow to develop new and improved electronic packaging technologies.

Boulton, William R.

1995-01-01

500

Superabsorbents in Personal Care Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water swellable hydrogels, often called Superabsorbent Polymers, are used as a major component in many absorbent products such as baby diapers. The superabsorbents used in personal care industry are typically lightly crosslinked sodium polyacrylate polymers. The current annual worldwide production of the material is close to one million metric tons. These hydrogels can absorb water more than 100 times of their own weight. The absorbed liquid is tightly held inside the superabsorbent materials even against pressure. The balance of many different properties will be discussed.

Li, Yong

1997-10-01