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1

Review of US ESCO industry market trends: an empirical analysis of project data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This comprehensive empirical analysis of US energy service company (ESCO) industry trends and performance employs two parallel analytical approaches: a survey of firms to estimate total industry size, and a database of ?1500 ESCO projects, from which we report target markets and typical project characteristics, energy savings and customer economics. We estimate that industry investment for energy-efficiency related services reached

Charles A. Goldman; Nicole C. Hopper; Julie G. Osborn

2005-01-01

2

Review of U.S. ESCO industry market trends: An empirical analysis of project data  

SciTech Connect

This article summarizes a comprehensive empirical analysis of U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) industry trends and performance. We employ two parallel analytical approaches: a comprehensive survey of firms to estimate total industry size and a database of {approx}1500 ESCO projects, from which we report target markets and typical project characteristics, energy savings and customer economics. We estimate that industry investment for energy-efficiency related services reached US $2 billion in 2000 following a decade of strong growth. ESCO activity is concentrated in states with high economic activity and strong policy support. Typical projects save 150-200 MJ/m2/year and are cost-effective with median benefit/cost ratios of 1.6 and 2.1 for institutional and private sector projects. The median simple payback time is 7 years among institutional customers; 3 years is typical in the private sector. Reliance on DSM incentives has decreased since 1995. Preliminary evidence suggests that state enabling policies have boosted the industry in medium-sized states. ESCOs have proven resilient in the face of restructuring and will probably shift toward selling ''energy solutions,'' with energy efficiency part of a package. We conclude that a private sector energy-efficiency services industry that targets large commercial and industrial customers is viable and self-sustaining with appropriate policy support both financial and non-financial.

Goldman, Charles A.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Osborn, Julie G.; Singer, Terry E.

2003-03-01

3

ESCO market and industry trends: Updated results from the NAESCO database project  

SciTech Connect

Today's U.S. energy efficiency services industry is one of the most successful examples of private sector energy efficiency services in the world, yet little empirical information is available on the actual market activity of this industry. LBNL, together with the National Association of Energy Services Companies (NAESCO), has compiled the most comprehensive dataset of the energy efficiency services industry: nearly 1,500 case studies of energy efficiency projects. Our analysis of these projects helps shed light on some of the conventional wisdom regarding industry performance and evolution. We report key statistics about typical projects and industry trends that will aid state, federal, and international policymakers, and other investors interested in the development of a private sector energy efficiency services industry.

Osborn, Julie G.; Goldman, Charles A.; Hopper, Nicole C.

2001-10-15

4

International ESCO business opportunities and challenges: a Japanese case study  

SciTech Connect

Recently, US energy service companies (ESCOs) have begun to actively explore markets outside the US. Despite the needs of many countries for ESCO involvement, ESCOs face many challenges (i.e., marketing, financial, institutional, political and cultural barriers). Consequently, most of these firms pursue international project opportunities very selectively due to the costs and risks associated with project development. Despite these barriers, some ESCOs view international work as a strategic expansion of their business, assuming that there will be adequate business in the future to repay them for their initial investment. In this paper, the authors present the findings from a recently completed study on the proposed development of an ESCO industry in Japan. The study was based on four sources of information: (1) a review of the published and unpublished literature on ESCOs; (2) interviews with 26 ESCOs in the US, the US Department of Energy, and the National Association of Energy Service Companies (NAESCO); (3) ESCO presentations at the October 1996 NAESCO meeting; and (4) informal discussions with ESCO experts in the US. They believe that the lessons learned in this study can be transferred or applied to other countries interested in developing an ESCO industry. While energy prices have remained relatively stable over the last several years in Japan and energy capacity is not perceived as a near-term problem, other ``market drivers`` necessary for the emergence of a successful and vibrant ESCO industry exist in Japan. Despite the presence of these market drivers, significant barriers to the successful development of an ESCO industry exist in Japan.

Vine, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.; Murakoshi, C. [Jyukankyo Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan)

1997-10-01

5

A Guide to Performance Contracting with ESCOs  

SciTech Connect

An energy services company (ESCO) can identify energy improvements, provide the capital required and installs improvements, offers turn-key installation services, and guarantees energy savings. Companies pay the ESCO back over a period of years from the energy cost savings generated from the project. Hiring an ESCO is a proven strategy for identifying and implementing energy saving capital improvements, while managing risks inherent in such projects.

Baechler, Michael C.

2011-09-01

6

Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: ComparingPrograms, Practices and Prformance  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry's history, public and institutional sector customers have provided the greatest opportunities for ESCOs to develop projects. Generally speaking, these facilities are large, possess aging infrastructure, and have limited capital budgets for improvements. The convergence of these factors with strong enabling policy support makes performance contracting an attractive and viable option for these customers. Yet despite these shared characteristics and drivers, there is surprising variety of experience among public/institutional customers and projects. This collaborative study examines the public/institutional markets in detail by comparing the overarching models and project performance in the federal government and the ''MUSH'' markets municipal agencies (state/local government), universities/colleges, K-12 schools,and hospitals that have traditionally played host to much of the ESCO industry's activity. Results are drawn from a database of 1634 completed projects held in partnership by the National Association of Energy Services Companies and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (the NAESCO/LBNL database), including 129 federal Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) provided by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) (Strajnic and Nealon 2003). Project data results are supplemented by interviews with ESCOs.

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; McWilliams, Jennifer; Birr,Dave; Stoughton McMordie, Kate

2005-03-01

7

Role of gas cooling in tomorrow`s energy services industry  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the marketing approach and opportunities for suppliers and manufacturers of gas cooling equipment to partner with energy service companies (ESCOs). The author`s viewpoint is that in educating and partnering with ESCOs the gas cooling industry enables their technology to reach its potential in the projects that the ESCOs develop.

Hughes, P.J.

1997-04-01

8

Russia’s Emerging ESCO Market: Prospects and Barriers for Energy Efficiency Investments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Russian Energy Service Company (ESCO) market emerges rapidly due to the new energy efficiency legislation that has been implemented since 2009. However, a clear identification of the Russian ESCOs, comparable to those operating in the Western markets, remains rather difficult. Hence, aside from the independent ESCOs identified, further energy service-providing companies were within the scope of this survey. This

Maria Garbuzova; Reinhard Madlener

2012-01-01

9

The federal market for ESCO services: How does it measure up?  

SciTech Connect

The federal market has been a source of strong energy service company (ESCO) industry growth over the last decade as traditional MUSH markets municipal/state governments, universities, schools and hospitals have matured. Federal alternative financing programs Utility Energy Services Contracts (UESC) and Department of Energy (DOE) Super, Army and Air Force Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) have enabled this growth, but recent events threaten the ESPC programs. We compare the federal and MUSH markets by analyzing {approx} ;1550 completed projects and interviewing ESCO representatives. Federal ESPC market activity is estimated at {approx} ;$1.6 billion (B) over 10-15 years; activity in 2002 was {approx} ;$230 million (M). MUSH markets have produced {approx} ; $12-16B in projects over 20 years, and {approx} ;$0.8-1.0B in 2002. Federal sector projects have longer average contract terms than MUSH (14 vs. 9.5 years respectively). Federal projects are larger (median costs are $1.85M vs. $0.98M for MUSH), but costs per square foot are lower (median costs are $2.08/ft2 vs. $2.93/ft2 for MUSH), and annual energy savings are higher (18 vs. 14 kBtu/ft2). Non-energy savings are more often counted in federal projects (58 percent vs. 35 percent of MUSH projects) but when counted represent a higher proportion of savings in MUSH projects. Median payback times in the federal market are shorter than MUSH (7.7 vs. 8.8 years) and calculated net economic benefits of 214 federal projects amount to {approx} ;$550M, compared to {approx} ;$1.2B for 965 MUSH projects.

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Birr, Dave

2004-05-17

10

The Cellular Phenotype of Roberts Syndrome Fibroblasts as Revealed by Ectopic Expression of ESCO2  

PubMed Central

Cohesion between sister chromatids is essential for faithful chromosome segregation. In budding yeast, the acetyltransferase Eco1/Ctf7 establishes cohesion during DNA replication in S phase and in response to DNA double strand breaks in G2/M phase. In humans two Eco1 orthologs exist: ESCO1 and ESCO2. Both proteins are required for proper sister chromatid cohesion, but their exact function is unclear at present. Since ESCO2 has been identified as the gene defective in the rare autosomal recessive cohesinopathy Roberts syndrome (RBS), cells from RBS patients can be used to elucidate the role of ESCO2. We investigated for the first time RBS cells in comparison to isogenic controls that stably express V5- or GFP-tagged ESCO2. We show that the sister chromatid cohesion defect in the transfected cell lines is rescued and suggest that ESCO2 is regulated by proteasomal degradation in a cell cycle-dependent manner. In comparison to the corrected cells RBS cells were hypersensitive to the DNA-damaging agents mitomycin C, camptothecin and etoposide, while no particular sensitivity to UV, ionizing radiation, hydroxyurea or aphidicolin was found. The cohesion defect of RBS cells and their hypersensitivity to DNA-damaging agents were not corrected by a patient-derived ESCO2 acetyltransferase mutant (W539G), indicating that the acetyltransferase activity of ESCO2 is essential for its function. In contrast to a previous study on cells from patients with Cornelia de Lange syndrome, another cohesinopathy, RBS cells failed to exhibit excessive chromosome aberrations after irradiation in G2 phase of the cell cycle. Our results point at an S phase-specific role for ESCO2 in the maintenance of genome stability. PMID:19738907

van der Lelij, Petra; van Gosliga, Djoke; Oostra, Anneke B.; Steltenpool, Jûrgen; de Groot, Jan; Scheper, Rik J.; Wolthuis, Rob M.; Waisfisz, Quinten; Darroudi, Firouz; Joenje, Hans; de Winter, Johan P.

2009-01-01

11

The cellular phenotype of Roberts syndrome fibroblasts as revealed by ectopic expression of ESCO2.  

PubMed

Cohesion between sister chromatids is essential for faithful chromosome segregation. In budding yeast, the acetyltransferase Eco1/Ctf7 establishes cohesion during DNA replication in S phase and in response to DNA double strand breaks in G2/M phase. In humans two Eco1 orthologs exist: ESCO1 and ESCO2. Both proteins are required for proper sister chromatid cohesion, but their exact function is unclear at present. Since ESCO2 has been identified as the gene defective in the rare autosomal recessive cohesinopathy Roberts syndrome (RBS), cells from RBS patients can be used to elucidate the role of ESCO2. We investigated for the first time RBS cells in comparison to isogenic controls that stably express V5- or GFP-tagged ESCO2. We show that the sister chromatid cohesion defect in the transfected cell lines is rescued and suggest that ESCO2 is regulated by proteasomal degradation in a cell cycle-dependent manner. In comparison to the corrected cells RBS cells were hypersensitive to the DNA-damaging agents mitomycin C, camptothecin and etoposide, while no particular sensitivity to UV, ionizing radiation, hydroxyurea or aphidicolin was found. The cohesion defect of RBS cells and their hypersensitivity to DNA-damaging agents were not corrected by a patient-derived ESCO2 acetyltransferase mutant (W539G), indicating that the acetyltransferase activity of ESCO2 is essential for its function. In contrast to a previous study on cells from patients with Cornelia de Lange syndrome, another cohesinopathy, RBS cells failed to exhibit excessive chromosome aberrations after irradiation in G2 phase of the cell cycle. Our results point at an S phase-specific role for ESCO2 in the maintenance of genome stability. PMID:19738907

van der Lelij, Petra; Godthelp, Barbara C; van Zon, Wouter; van Gosliga, Djoke; Oostra, Anneke B; Steltenpool, Jûrgen; de Groot, Jan; Scheper, Rik J; Wolthuis, Rob M; Waisfisz, Quinten; Darroudi, Firouz; Joenje, Hans; de Winter, Johan P

2009-01-01

12

Cohesin acetyltransferase Esco2 is a cell viability factor and is required for cohesion in pericentric heterochromatin  

PubMed Central

Sister chromatid cohesion, mediated by cohesin and regulated by Sororin, is essential for chromosome segregation. In mammalian cells, cohesion establishment and Sororin recruitment to chromatin-bound cohesin depends on the acetyltransferases Esco1 and Esco2. Mutations in Esco2 cause Roberts syndrome, a developmental disease in which mitotic chromosomes have a ‘railroad' track morphology. Here, we show that Esco2 deficiency leads to termination of mouse development at pre- and post-implantation stages, indicating that Esco2 functions non-redundantly with Esco1. Esco2 is transiently expressed during S-phase when it localizes to pericentric heterochromatin (PCH). In interphase, Esco2 depletion leads to a reduction in cohesin acetylation and Sororin recruitment to chromatin. In early mitosis, Esco2 deficiency causes changes in the chromosomal localization of cohesin and its protector Sgo1. Our results suggest that Esco2 is needed for cohesin acetylation in PCH and that this modification is required for the proper distribution of cohesin on mitotic chromosomes and for centromeric cohesion. PMID:22101327

Whelan, Gabriela; Kreidl, Emanuel; Wutz, Gordana; Egner, Alexander; Peters, Jan-Michael; Eichele, Gregor

2012-01-01

13

Cohesin acetyltransferase Esco2 is a cell viability factor and is required for cohesion in pericentric heterochromatin.  

PubMed

Sister chromatid cohesion, mediated by cohesin and regulated by Sororin, is essential for chromosome segregation. In mammalian cells, cohesion establishment and Sororin recruitment to chromatin-bound cohesin depends on the acetyltransferases Esco1 and Esco2. Mutations in Esco2 cause Roberts syndrome, a developmental disease in which mitotic chromosomes have a 'railroad' track morphology. Here, we show that Esco2 deficiency leads to termination of mouse development at pre- and post-implantation stages, indicating that Esco2 functions non-redundantly with Esco1. Esco2 is transiently expressed during S-phase when it localizes to pericentric heterochromatin (PCH). In interphase, Esco2 depletion leads to a reduction in cohesin acetylation and Sororin recruitment to chromatin. In early mitosis, Esco2 deficiency causes changes in the chromosomal localization of cohesin and its protector Sgo1. Our results suggest that Esco2 is needed for cohesin acetylation in PCH and that this modification is required for the proper distribution of cohesin on mitotic chromosomes and for centromeric cohesion. PMID:22101327

Whelan, Gabriela; Kreidl, Emanuel; Wutz, Gordana; Egner, Alexander; Peters, Jan-Michael; Eichele, Gregor

2012-01-01

14

Amplifying Real Estate Value through Energy & Water Management: From ESCO to "Energy Services Partner"  

E-print Network

energy and water providers (utilities) also provide such services,Energy & Water Management: From ESCO to “Energy Servicesenergy and water efficiency investments than is the case at present, and a corresponding proposition for how Energy Service

Mills, Evan

2004-01-01

15

Esco2 is a novel corepressor that associates with various chromatin modifying enzymes  

SciTech Connect

Accurate chromosome segregation during cell division requires that sister chromatids are kept together by cohesin complex until anaphase, when the chromatids separate and distribute to the two daughter cells. Esco2 is an acetyltransferase that is required for the establishment of sister chromatid cohesion during S phase. Here, we report that Esco2 interacts with several component proteins of the CoREST complex, including a transcription corepressor CoREST, histone demethlyase LSD1, HDAC1, HDAC2, BRAF35, and PHF21A. Esco2 also interacts with various histone methyltransferases Suv39h1, SETDB1 and G9a. Esco2 complex purified from HeLa nuclear extract possesses histone H3 K9 methylation activity and functions as a transcription repressor. Esco2 fused to Gal4 DNA binding domain represses transcription by increasing methylation of histone H3 K9 in the promoter region. These results suggest a novel function of Esco2 in transcription repression through modulation of the chromatin structure.

Kim, Beom-Jun; Kang, Kyung-Min [Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 300 Chunchun-dong, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Kyonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Sung Yun [Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Choi, Hyun-Kyung; Seo, Jong-Hun; Chae, Ji-Hye [Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 300 Chunchun-dong, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Kyonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Eun-Jung [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Youn, Hong-Duk [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-799 (Korea, Republic of); Qin, Jun [Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Kim, Seong-Tae [Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 300 Chunchun-dong, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Kyonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: stkim@med.skku.ac.kr

2008-07-25

16

U.S. Energy Service Company Industry: Market Size and Project Performance from 1990-2008  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. energy service company (ESCO) industry is an example of a private sector business model where energy savings are delivered to customers primarily through the use of performance-based contracts. This study was conceived as a snapshot of the ESCO industry prior to the economic slowdown and the introduction of federal stimulus funding mandated by enactment of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). This study utilizes two parallel analytic approaches to characterize ESCO industry and market trends in the U.S.: (1) a ?top-down? approach involving a survey of individual ESCOs to estimate aggregate industry activity and (2) a ?bottom-up? analysis of a database of ~;;3,250 projects (representing over $8B in project investment) that reports market trends including installed EE retrofit strategies, project installation costs and savings, project payback times, and benefit-cost ratios over time. Despite the onset of a severe economic recession, the U.S. ESCO industry managed to grow at about 7percent per year between 2006 and 2008. ESCO industry revenues were about $4.1 billion in 2008 and ESCOs anticipate accelerated growth through 2011 (25percent per year). We found that 2,484 ESCO projects in our database generated ~;;$4.0 billion ($2009) in net, direct economic benefits to their customers. We estimate that the ESCO project database includes about 20percent of all U.S. ESCO market activity from 1990-2008. Assuming the net benefits per project are comparable for ESCO projects that are not included in the LBNL database, this would suggest that the ESCO industry has generated ~;;$23 billion in net direct economic benefits for customers at projects installed between 1990 and 2008. There is empirical evidence confirming that the industry is evolving by installing more comprehensive and complex measures?including onsite generation and measures to address deferred maintenance?but this evolution has significant implications for customer project economics, especially at K-12 schools. We found that the median simple payback time has increased from 1.9 to 3.2 years in private sector projects since the early-to-mid 1990s and from 5.2 to 10.5 years in public sector projects for the same time period.

Larsen, Peter; Goldman, Charles; Satchwell, Andrew

2012-08-21

17

A Zebrafish Model of Roberts Syndrome Reveals That Esco2 Depletion Interferes with Development by Disrupting the Cell Cycle  

PubMed Central

The human developmental diseases Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) and Roberts Syndrome (RBS) are both caused by mutations in proteins responsible for sister chromatid cohesion. Cohesion is mediated by a multi-subunit complex called cohesin, which is loaded onto chromosomes by NIPBL. Once on chromosomes, cohesin binding is stabilized in S phase upon acetylation by ESCO2. CdLS is caused by heterozygous mutations in NIPBL or cohesin subunits SMC1A and SMC3, and RBS is caused by homozygous mutations in ESCO2. The genetic cause of both CdLS and RBS reside within the chromosome cohesion apparatus, and therefore they are collectively known as “cohesinopathies”. However, the two syndromes have distinct phenotypes, with differences not explained by their shared ontology. In this study, we have used the zebrafish model to distinguish between developmental pathways downstream of cohesin itself, or its acetylase ESCO2. Esco2 depleted zebrafish embryos exhibit features that resemble RBS, including mitotic defects, craniofacial abnormalities and limb truncations. A microarray analysis of Esco2-depleted embryos revealed that different subsets of genes are regulated downstream of Esco2 when compared with cohesin subunit Rad21. Genes downstream of Rad21 showed significant enrichment for transcriptional regulators, while Esco2-regulated genes were more likely to be involved the cell cycle or apoptosis. RNA in situ hybridization showed that runx1, which is spatiotemporally regulated by cohesin, is expressed normally in Esco2-depleted embryos. Furthermore, myca, which is downregulated in rad21 mutants, is upregulated in Esco2-depleted embryos. High levels of cell death contributed to the morphology of Esco2-depleted embryos without affecting specific developmental pathways. We propose that cell proliferation defects and apoptosis could be the primary cause of the features of RBS. Our results show that mutations in different elements of the cohesion apparatus have distinct developmental outcomes, and provide insight into why CdLS and RBS are distinct diseases. PMID:21637801

Mönnich, Maren; Kuriger, Zoë; Print, Cristin G.; Horsfield, Julia A.

2011-01-01

18

Inactivating Mutations in ESCO2 Cause SC Phocomelia and Roberts Syndrome: No Phenotype-Genotype Correlation  

PubMed Central

The rare, autosomal recessive Roberts syndrome (RBS) is characterized by tetraphocomelia, profound growth deficiency of prenatal onset, craniofacial anomalies, microcephaly, and mental deficiency. SC phocomelia (SC) has a milder phenotype, with a lesser degree of limb reduction and with survival to adulthood. Since heterochromatin repulsion (HR) is characteristic for both disorders and is not complemented in somatic-cell hybrids, it has been hypothesized that the disorders are allelic. Recently, mutations in ESCO2 (establishment of cohesion 1 homolog 2) on 8p21.1 have been reported in RBS. To determine whether ESCO2 mutations are also responsible for SC, we studied three families with SC and two families in which variable degrees of limb and craniofacial abnormalities, detected by fetal ultrasound, led to pregnancy terminations. All cases were positive for HR. We identified seven novel mutations in exons 3–8 of ESCO2. In two families, affected individuals were homozygous—for a 5-nucleotide deletion in one family and a splice-site mutation in the other. In three nonconsanguineous families, probands were compound heterozygous for a single-nucleotide insertion or deletion, a nonsense mutation, or a splice-site mutation. Abnormal splice products were characterized at the RNA level. Since only protein-truncating mutations were identified, regardless of clinical severity, we conclude that genotype does not predict phenotype. Having established that RBS and SC are caused by mutations in the same gene, we delineated the clinical phenotype of the tetraphocomelia spectrum that is associated with HR and ESCO2 mutations and differentiated it from other types of phocomelia that are negative for HR. PMID:16380922

Schüle, Birgitt; Oviedo, Angelica; Johnston, Kathreen; Pai, Shashidhar; Francke, Uta

2005-01-01

19

Amplifying Real Estate Value through Energy&WaterManagement: From ESCO to 'Energy Services Partner'  

SciTech Connect

The energy service company (ESCO) business model could become significantly more effective by integrating the energy-efficiency purveyor and their capital into the underlying building ownership and operation partnership, rather than the current model in which the ESCO remains an outsider with higher transaction costs and limited interest and participation in the value created by the cost savings. Resource conservation advocates rarely use the language of real estate to articulate the cost effectiveness of capital improvements aimed at reducing utility costs in commercial and residential income properties. Conventional methods that rely on rarefied academic notions of simple payback time or a narrow definition of return on investment fail to capture a significant component of the true market value created by virtue of reduced operating expenses. Improvements in energy and water efficiency can increase the fundamental profitability of real estate investments by raising Net Operating Income (NOI), and hence returns during the holding period, and, ultimately, proceeds at time of sale. We introduce the concept of an Energy Services Partner, who takes an equity interest in a real estate partnership in exchange for providing the expertise and capital required to reduce utility operating costs. Profit to all partners increases considerably as a result. This approach would also help to address a crisis facing ESCOs today stemming from their considerable liabilities (through guaranteed savings) and negligible offsetting assets.

Mills, Evan

2004-06-08

20

Industry  

SciTech Connect

This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of industrial mitigation for sustainable development is discussed in Section 7.7. Section 7.8 discusses the sector's vulnerability to climate change and options for adaptation. A number of policies have been designed either to encourage voluntary GHG emission reductions from the industrial sector or to mandate such reductions. Section 7.9 describes these policies and the experience gained to date. Co-benefits of reducing GHG emissions from the industrial sector are discussed in Section 7.10. Development of new technology is key to the cost-effective control of industrial GHG emissions. Section 7.11 discusses research, development, deployment and diffusion in the industrial sector and Section 7.12, the long-term (post-2030) technologies for GHG emissions reduction from the industrial sector. Section 7.13 summarizes gaps in knowledge.

Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

2007-12-01

21

Industry  

E-print Network

Blok, 2003a) and strip casting in the steel industry (Luitennet shape casting. ULCOS (Ultra-Low CO 2 Steel making), acasting, introduced in the 1970s and 1980s, saves both energy and mate- rial, and now accounts for 88% of global steel

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01

22

ESCOE Engineering Program. Combined monthly/quarterly report, March 1, 1981-May 31, 1981. [Coal gasification liquefaction, etc. , for US DOE  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the ESCOE Engineering Program is to provide independent assessments of key portions of energy RD and D programs conducted by the Department of Energy. These programs are aimed at development of technology that will permit rapid commercialization of processes or converting coal into products that substitute for those derived from oil and natural gas. The imposition of an embargo on recruitment of the professional staff and development of new technical tasks severely limits ESCOE's ability to continue planned and timely performance under the contract extension. The two principal professionals currently on board are scheduled to complete their residences between June and August. Similarly qualified personnel must be recruited now to ensure the selective, orderly and continued delivery of these technical services and knowledge to the Department of Energy. (LTN)

Not Available

1981-06-01

23

EscO, a Functional and Structural Analog of the Flagellar FliJ Protein, Is a Positive Regulator of EscN ATPase Activity of the Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Injectisome  

PubMed Central

Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) are multiprotein molecular devices used by many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens to translocate effector proteins into eukaryotic cells. A T3SS is also used for protein export in flagellar assembly, which promotes bacterial motility. The two systems are evolutionarily related, possessing highly conserved components in their export apparatuses. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) employs a T3SS, encoded by genes in the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) pathogenicity island, to colonize the human intestine and cause diarrheal disease. In the present work, we investigated the role of the LEE-encoded EscO protein (previously Orf15 or EscA) in T3SS biogenesis. We show that EscO shares similar properties with the flagellar FliJ and the Yersinia YscO protein families. Our findings demonstrate that EscO is essential for secretion of all categories of T3SS substrates. Consistent with its central role in protein secretion, it was found to interact with the ATPase EscN and its negative regulator, EscL, of the export apparatus. Moreover, we show that EscO stimulates EscN enzymatic activity; however, it is unable to upregulate ATP hydrolysis in the presence of EscL. Remarkably, EscO partially restored the swimming defect of a Salmonella flagellar fliJ mutant and was able to stimulate the ATPase activity of FliI. Overall, our data indicate that EscO is the virulence counterpart of the flagellar FliJ protein. PMID:24706741

Romo-Castillo, Mariana; Andrade, Angel; Espinosa, Norma; Monjarás Feria, Julia; Soto, Eduardo; Díaz-Guerrero, Miguel

2014-01-01

24

Sequencing of candidate chromosome instability genes in endometrial cancers reveals somatic mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A.  

PubMed

Most endometrial cancers can be classified histologically as endometrioid, serous, or clear cell. Non-endometrioid endometrial cancers (NEECs; serous and clear cell) are the most clinically aggressive of the three major histotypes and are characterized by aneuploidy, a feature of chromosome instability. The genetic alterations that underlie chromosome instability in endometrial cancer are poorly understood. In the present study, we used Sanger sequencing to search for nucleotide variants in the coding exons and splice junctions of 21 candidate chromosome instability genes, including 19 genes implicated in sister chromatid cohesion, from 24 primary, microsatellite-stable NEECs. Somatic mutations were verified by sequencing matched normal DNAs. We subsequently resequenced mutated genes from 41 additional NEECs as well as 42 endometrioid ECs (EECs). We uncovered nonsynonymous somatic mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A in, respectively, 3.7% (4 of 107), 1.9% (2 of 107), and 1.9% (2 of 107) of endometrial tumors. Overall, 7.7% (5 of 65) of NEECs and 2.4% (1 of 42) of EECs had somatically mutated one or more of the three genes. A subset of mutations are predicted to impact protein function. The co-occurrence of somatic mutations in ESCO1 and CHTF18 was statistically significant (P = 0.0011, two-tailed Fisher's exact test). This is the first report of somatic mutations within ESCO1 and CHTF18 in endometrial tumors and of MRE11A mutations in microsatellite-stable endometrial tumors. Our findings warrant future studies to determine whether these mutations are driver events that contribute to the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer. PMID:23755103

Price, Jessica C; Pollock, Lana M; Rudd, Meghan L; Fogoros, Sarah K; Mohamed, Hassan; Hanigan, Christin L; Le Gallo, Matthieu; Program, Nih Intramural Sequencing Center Nisc Comparative Sequencing; Zhang, Suiyuan; Cruz, Pedro; Cherukuri, Praveen F; Hansen, Nancy F; McManus, Kirk J; Godwin, Andrew K; Sgroi, Dennis C; Mullikin, James C; Merino, Maria J; Hieter, Philip; Bell, Daphne W

2014-01-01

25

Sequencing of Candidate Chromosome Instability Genes in Endometrial Cancers Reveals Somatic Mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A  

PubMed Central

Most endometrial cancers can be classified histologically as endometrioid, serous, or clear cell. Non-endometrioid endometrial cancers (NEECs; serous and clear cell) are the most clinically aggressive of the three major histotypes and are characterized by aneuploidy, a feature of chromosome instability. The genetic alterations that underlie chromosome instability in endometrial cancer are poorly understood. In the present study, we used Sanger sequencing to search for nucleotide variants in the coding exons and splice junctions of 21 candidate chromosome instability genes, including 19 genes implicated in sister chromatid cohesion, from 24 primary, microsatellite-stable NEECs. Somatic mutations were verified by sequencing matched normal DNAs. We subsequently resequenced mutated genes from 41 additional NEECs as well as 42 endometrioid ECs (EECs). We uncovered nonsynonymous somatic mutations in ESCO1, CHTF18, and MRE11A in, respectively, 3.7% (4 of 107), 1.9% (2 of 107), and 1.9% (2 of 107) of endometrial tumors. Overall, 7.7% (5 of 65) of NEECs and 2.4% (1 of 42) of EECs had somatically mutated one or more of the three genes. A subset of mutations are predicted to impact protein function. The co-occurrence of somatic mutations in ESCO1 and CHTF18 was statistically significant (P?=?0.0011, two-tailed Fisher's exact test). This is the first report of somatic mutations within ESCO1 and CHTF18 in endometrial tumors and of MRE11A mutations in microsatellite-stable endometrial tumors. Our findings warrant future studies to determine whether these mutations are driver events that contribute to the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer. PMID:23755103

Price, Jessica C.; Pollock, Lana M.; Rudd, Meghan L.; Fogoros, Sarah K.; Mohamed, Hassan; Hanigan, Christin L.; Le Gallo, Matthieu; Program, NIH Intramural Sequencing Center (NISC) Comparative Sequencing; Zhang, Suiyuan; Cruz, Pedro; Cherukuri, Praveen F.; Hansen, Nancy F.; McManus, Kirk J.; Godwin, Andrew K.; Sgroi, Dennis C.; Mullikin, James C.; Merino, Maria J.; Hieter, Philip; Bell, Daphne W.

2013-01-01

26

Could what that ESCO sales rep said really be true? Savings realization rates in ESPC versus bid-to-spec projects  

SciTech Connect

Claims that savings realization is greater in energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) are rampant at least among energy service company representatives and other ESPC cheerleaders. But hard supporting evidence for these claims has been virtually non-existent. The Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program uses its Compliance Tracking System (CTS) database to document the performance of federal buildings and projects towards meeting various federal energy-saving goals. This paper focuses on preliminary analysis from CTS to understand and compare the performance of federal ESPCs with projects that have been implemented with more conventional government appropriations funding. The authors have found preliminary evidence using CTS that shows markedly higher savings realization rates among ESPC projects than appropriations-funded ones. There are numerous caveats to the data comparison that clamor for further study, but the difference is still intriguing. If borne out, this finding will provide concrete support to the idea that ESPCs guarantees and measurement and verification, long touted by energy service companies (ESCOs) as offering savings assurance, may truly yield substantial benefits. If ESPCs actually do perform better (i.e., have higher realization rates and savings persistence) than conventional bid-to-spec projects, the perceived premium for conducting them may look like a very good deal after all.

Coleman, Philip; Earni, Shankar; Williams, Charles

2014-08-11

27

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An overview of the industrial diamond industry is provided. More than 90 percent of the industrial diamond consumed in the U.S. and the rest of the world is manufactured diamond. Ireland, Japan, Russia, and the U.S. produce 75 percent of the global industrial diamond output. In 2000, the U.S. was the largest market for industrial diamond. Industrial diamond applications, prices for industrial diamonds, imports and exports of industrial diamonds, the National Defense Stockpile of industrial diamonds, and the outlook for the industrial diamond market are discussed.

Olson, D.W.

2001-01-01

28

Industrial garnet  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A general overview of the industrial garnet industry is provided. About 20 percent of global industrial garnet production takes place in the U.S. During 2000, an estimated 300 kt of industrial garnets were produced worldwide. The U.S. is the world's largest consumer of industrial garnet, consuming 56.9 kt in 2000.

Olson, D.W.

2001-01-01

29

Industrial Engineering Industrial Advisory Board  

E-print Network

Industrial Engineering Industrial Advisory Board (IAB) #12;PURPOSE: The Texas Tech University - Industrial Engineering Industrial Ad- visory Board (IAB) is an association of professionals with a com- mon goal - promoting and developing the Texas Tech Department of Industrial Engineering and its students

Gelfond, Michael

30

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Statistics on the production, consumption, cost, trade, and government stockpile of natural and synthetic industrial diamond are provided. The outlook for the industrial diamond market is also considered.

Olson, D.W.

2003-01-01

31

Industrial Minerals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past year is seen as not particularly good for industrial minerals and for industry in general. Environmental concerns continued to trouble the industry with unacceptable asbestos concentrations and chlorofluorocarbon effects on ozone. A halting U.S. economy also affected industrial progress. (MA)

Bradbury, James C.

1978-01-01

32

Industry Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article illustrates projected employment change by industry and industry sector over 2010-20 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment for which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

2012-01-01

33

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of the 1999 Industrial Minerals Review. A review of the state of the global industrial diamond industry in 1999 is presented. World consumption of industrial diamond has increased annually in recent years, with an estimated 500 million carats valued between $650 million and $800 million consumed in 1999. In 1999, the U.S. was the world's largest market for industrial diamond and was also one of the world's main producers; the others were Ireland, Russia, and South Africa. Uses of industrial diamonds are discussed, and prices of natural and synthetic industrial diamond are reported.

Olson, D.W.

2000-01-01

34

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Part of the 2003 industrial minerals review. Supply and demand data for industrial diamond are provided. Topics discussed are consumption, prices, imports and exports, government stockpiles, and the outlook for 2004.

Olson, D.W.

2004-01-01

35

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Estimated 2011 world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.45 billion carats. During 2011, natural industrial diamonds were produced in more than 20 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond was produced in at least 13 countries. About 98 percent of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in China, Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States. China is the world's leading producer of synthetic industrial diamond followed by Russia and the United States.

Olson, D.W.

2012-01-01

36

Industrial Microbiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the field of industrial microbiology, providing historical backgrounds of scientific discoveries in the field and descriptions of industrially important microorganisms. Applied research in industry is also detailed, with mention of gene amplification, DNA recombination, pharmaceutical approaches, and detoxification and…

Demain, Arnold L.; Solomon, Nadine A.

1981-01-01

37

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Estimated world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.44 billion carats in 2010. Natural industrial diamond deposits have been found in more than 35 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond is produced in at least 15 countries.

Olson, D.W.

2011-01-01

38

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2005, estimated world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was 630 million carats. Natural industrial diamond deposits were found in more than 35 countries. Synthetic industrial diamond is produced in at least 15 countries. More than 81% of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States.

Olson, D.W.

2006-01-01

39

ICT Industries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page, from the Mid-Pacific Information and Communications Technology Center, provides some general background information on the different industries involved with information and communications technologies. A description of the activities involved in a variety of ICT indusries is outlined. The page also includes a number of useful links for those interested in learning more about ICT industries.

40

Industrial Robots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Robots are mechanical devices that can be programmed to perform some task of manipulation or locomotion under automatic control. This paper discusses: (1) early developments of the robotics industry in the United States; (2) the present structure of the industry; (3) noneconomic factors related to the use of robots; (4) labor considerations…

Reed, Dean; Harden, Thomas K.

41

Knitting Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The knitting industry is a vast one, and this industry website is a great way to keep tabs on new and important developments in the field. The site is based in the United Kingdom, and it covers the knitting and hosiery industries by providing information about the industry's leading shows and exhibitions, along with offering a searchable buyer's guide and research reports. On the website, visitors can look at seven different key areas, including Information & Markets, Exhibitions & Shows, and Technology & Processes. This last area is quite fascinating, as it contains key updates on different facets of the history of the industry and new documents on fibers and circular knitting. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive their free weekly newsletter via email.

2012-01-01

42

Industrial garnet  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The state of the global industrial garnet industry in 1999 is discussed. Industrial garnet mined in the U.S., which accounts for approximately one-third of the world's total, is usually a solid-solution of almandine and pyrope. The U.S. is the largest consumer of industrial garnet, using an estimated 47,800 st in 1999 as an abrasive and as a filtration medium in the petroleum industry, filtration plants, aircraft and motor vehicle manufacture, shipbuilding, wood furniture finishing operations, electronic component manufacture, ceramics manufacture, and glass production. Prices for crude concentrates ranged from approximately $50 to $110/st and refined garnet from $50 to $215/st in 1999, depending on type, source, quantity purchased, quality, and application.

Olson, D.W.

2000-01-01

43

ESCO Framework for Public/Federal Buildings  

E-print Network

Envelope #0;? Energy Supply #0;? Energy Distribution #0;? Heating #0;? Cooling #0;? Ventilation #0;? Indoor Air-Quality #0;? Lighting #0;? Water #0;? Building automation #0;? User behavior #0;? Operator qualification #0;? Energy Management #0;? Maintenance... Building Technologies ? Siemens 2008 How green is your building ? Maximize Efficiency! - Our answer for your infrastructure Gunnar Liehr Siemens Switzerland Ltd Building Technologies Group International Headquarters Building Automation Energy...

Liehr, G.

44

ESCOs: Helping Schools Save Money and Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of energy savings performance contracts to help reduce costs and improve school infrastructure and the educational environment. Further discussed are how indoor air quality reduces health, productivity, and costs; and examples are provided of how other schools have achieved better school environments and reduced energy costs. (GR)

School Planning & Management, 2000

2000-01-01

45

Industry Collaborations  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Home | Investigator Resources | Protocol Development | Initiatives/Programs/Collaborations | Links to More Resources | Funding Opportunities | About CTEP Home | Sitemap | Contact CTEP Search this site Industry Collaborations Guidelines

46

Industry Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains links to information about different industry projects throughout the world. Information provided includes history of each mine, mining methods, processing and recovery methods, environmental topics, geology and reserves, production and costs, and mine layout and design.

47

Industrial Lubricants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

'Industrial lubricant' gaseous, liquid and solid products cover many applications. A new systems analysis approach is used combining heterogeneous catalysis and tribochemistry. Bearing lubricant applications are discussed in terms of the bearing film thickness and tribological regimes, for liquid and solid lubricants. Compressor and vacuum pump lubricant applications are described. The various classes of hydraulic fluids for industrial applications are explained. The properties, applications and selection of various industrial lubricants for different gears are described. Steam and industrial gas turbine lubricant formulations are discussed and the effects of their degradation products, particularly for valves and filters, are presented. Metalworking lubricant applications are divided into cutting and forming operations and their actions are described. Speciality applications such as process, textile, food-grade, slideway, cylinder and wire rope lubricants are explained.

Kajdas, C.; Karpi?ska, A.; Kulczycki, A.

48

Experience Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, a tertiary chemistry teacher, spent a period of six weeks in a research project with an industrial firm. Describes his experience, the benefits and insight he gained from such an exchange. (GA)

Laslett, R. L.

1978-01-01

49

Industrial Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial Organization: Markets and Strategies provides an up-to-date account of modern industrial organization that blends theory with real-world applications. Written in a clear and accessible style, it acquaints the reader with the most important models for understanding strategies chosen by firms with market power and shows how such firms adapt to different market environments. It covers a wide range of

Paul Belleflamme; Martin Peitz

1932-01-01

50

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Estimated 2012 world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.45 billion carats. During 2012, natural industrial diamonds were produced in at least 20 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond was produced in at least 12 countries. About 99 percent of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in Belarus, China, Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States. During 2012, China was the world’s leading producer of synthetic industrial diamond followed by the United States and Russia. In 2012, the two U.S. synthetic producers, one in Pennsylvania and the other in Ohio, had an estimated output of 103 million carats, valued at about $70.6 million. This was an estimated 43.7 million carats of synthetic diamond bort, grit, and dust and powder with a value of $14.5 million combined with an estimated 59.7 million carats of synthetic diamond stone with a value of $56.1 million. Also in 2012, nine U.S. firms manufactured polycrystalline diamond (PCD) from synthetic diamond grit and powder. The United States government does not collect or maintain data for either domestic PCD producers or domestic chemical vapor deposition (CVD) diamond producers for quantity or value of annual production. Current trade and consumption quantity data are not available for PCD or for CVD diamond. For these reasons, PCD and CVD diamond are not included in the industrial diamond quantitative data reported here.

Olson, D.W.

2013-01-01

51

Chemistry & Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemistry and Industry Magazine, a bimonthly product of the Society of Chemical Industry, provides selected full-text articles from the print magazine in the areas of news, commentary, features, latest results from chemical literature, and highlights from the latest European patents. In addition, there is a searchable and browsable archive of past issues, a daily news section, and searchable jobs and meetings databases. The Society of Chemical Industry is "an international association of about 6000 members aimed at furthering applied chemistry." One of the highlights of its web site is its publication section, where, under "electronic publications," readers can find updated daily news, jobs and meetings listings on chemistry, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and the environment.

52

Industrial garnet  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2005, US production of crude garnet concentrate for industrial use was 28.4 kt valued at $3.05 million. Refined garnet material sold or used was 30.4 kt valued at $10 million. For the year, the US was one of the world's leading consumers of industrial garnet. Domestic values for crude concentrates for different applications ranged from about $53 to $120/t. In the short term, excess production capacity, combined with suppliers that vary in quality, grain size and mineral type, will keep prices down.

Olson, D.W.

2006-01-01

53

Industrial diamond  

USGS Publications Warehouse

World production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 648 million carats in 2006, with 79 percent of the production coming from Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa, and the U.S. U.S. consumption was was an estimated 602 million carats, imports were over 391 million carats, and exports were about 83 million carats. About 87 percent of the industrial diamonds market uses synthetic diamonds, which are expected to become less expensive as technology improves and competition from low-cost producers increases.

Olson, D.W.

2007-01-01

54

Fermentation Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of wastes from the fermentation industry, covering publications of 1976-77. This review focuses on: (1) alcoholic beverage production; (2) pharmaceuticals and biochemicals production; and (3) biomass production. A list of 62 references is also presented. (HM)

Grady, C. P. L., Jr.; Grady, J. K.

1978-01-01

55

Industrial biocatalysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of industrial processes for the synthesis of fine and commodity chemicals, pharmaceutical and agrochemical intermediates and drug substances utilizing biological catalysts continues to grow. The combination of new molecular biology techniques, such as directed evolution and pathway engineering, with new and efficient high-throughput screening methods is poised to bolster this field and further advance the contribution of biocatalysis

Aleksey Zaks

2001-01-01

56

Industrial Microorganisms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes industrially important yeasts, molds, bacteria, and actinomycetes. Discussed in detail are microbial products, such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, enzymes, and capsular polysaccharides. Traces the historical background of human cell culture, mentioning recombinant DNA research and hybridization of normal mammalian cells…

Phaff, Herman J.

1981-01-01

57

Industrial Orientation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These eight modules for an industrial orientation class were developed by a project to design an interdisciplinary program of basic skills training for disadvantaged students in a Construction Technology Program (see Note). The Drafting module overviews drafting career opportunities, job markets, salaries, educational requirements, and basic…

Rasor, Leslie; Brooks, Valerie

58

Industry News  

Cancer.gov

Myriad RBM announces Oncology MAP v2.0Myriad RBM, a former recipient of Small Business Innovations Research funding from the NCI, has recently announced the launch of OncologyMAP® v2.0. Print This Page Industry News, eProtein News and Events

59

Industrial garnet  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Garnet has been used as a gemstone since the Bronze Age. However, garnet's angular fractures, relatively high hardness and specific gravity, chemical inertness and nontoxicity make it ideal for many industrial applications. It is also free of crystalline silica and can be recycled.

Olson, D.W.

2011-01-01

60

Industrial garnet  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Garnet has been used as a gemstone since the Bronze Age. However, garnet’s angular fractures, relatively high hardness and specific gravity, chemical inertness and nontoxicity make it ideal for many industrial applications. It is also free of crystalline silica and can be recycled.

Olson, D.W.

2013-01-01

61

Industrial garnet  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2009, U.S. production of crude garnet concentrate for industrial use was estimated to be 56.5 kt (62,300 st), valued at about $8.85 million. This was a 10-percent decrease in quantity compared with 2008 production. Refined garnet material sold or used was 28 kt (31,000 st) valued at $7.96 million.

Olson, D.W.

2010-01-01

62

Industrial garnet  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Garnet has been used as a gemstone since the Bronze Age. However, garnet's angular fractures, relatively high hardness and specific gravity, chemical inertness, and nontoxicity make it ideal for many industrial applications. It is also free of crystalline silica and can be recycled.

Olson, D.W.

2012-01-01

63

Industrial alliances  

SciTech Connect

The United States is emerging from the Cold War era into an exciting, but challenging future. Improving the economic competitiveness of our Nation is essential both for improving the quality of life in the United States and maintaining a strong national security. The research and technical skills used to maintain a leading edge in defense and energy now should be used to help meet the challenge of maintaining, regaining, and establishing US leadership in industrial technologies. Companies recognize that success in the world marketplace depends on products that are at the leading edge of technology, with competitive cost, quality, and performance. Los Alamos National Laboratory and its Industrial Partnership Center (IPC) has the strategic goal to make a strong contribution to the nation`s economic competitiveness by leveraging the government`s investment at the Laboratory: personnel, infrastructure, and technological expertise.

Adams, K.V.

1993-09-13

64

Industry perspectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This discussion addresses the question of whether or not the space industry will take up the slack in the aerospace industry that is created by budget cuts in defense. Armed forces' research has provided an invaluable base for national technological and engineering resources for aerospace companies. It is noted that the space program should maximize the country's advances in national, scientific, and technical capabilities. It is also noted that NASA has done well in a most complicated business, but that Congress has failed to make a firm commitment to NASA's plans outlined in Vision 21 (based on the Augustine report) as evidenced by the Congressional reactions to NASA's budget requests. International cooperation and competition are discussed as well as the need for a political concensus on the direction of the space program in the U.S.

Fuqua, Don; Hannemann, Tim; Iacobellis, Sam F.; Young, A. Thomas

65

Industry Collaboration  

Cancer.gov

The goal of the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) is to facilitate the process of bringing promising, novel, investigational anticancer and anti-HIV agents to the public as quickly and as safely as possible. CTEP offers a unique combination of resources and expertise to assist an Industry Collaborator in clinical development of new therapeutic agents and the ability to evaluate investigational agents in a wide variety of tumor types and disease settings.

66

Industrial garnet  

USGS Publications Warehouse

World production of industrial garnet was about 326 kt in 2006, with the U.S. producing about 11 percent of this total. U.S. consumption, imports, and exports were estimated at 74.3 kt, 52.3 kt, and 13.2 kt, respectively. The most important exporters are Australia, China, and India. Although demand is expected to rise over the next 5 years, prices are expected to remain low in the short term.

Olson, D.W.

2007-01-01

67

Industrial Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site addresses Professor Dr. J. Gmehling's research group activities in "the synthesis and design of chemical processes with an emphasis on thermal separation processes." Ranging from the development of thermodynamic models to the construction of software tools and data banks, their research at the University of Oldenburg, covers a broad range in the field of Industrial Chemistry. Students and educators can view informative figures and images such as the Isothermal Flow Calorimeter and the Gas-Liquid Chromatography. Users can download the free software, Dortmund Data Bank (DDB), which searches the literature for experimental information.

68

Industrial ventilation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Industrial ventilation design methodology, using computers and using fluid dynamic models, is considered. It is noted that the design of a ventilation system must be incorporated into the plant design and layout at the earliest conceptual stage of the project. A checklist of activities concerning the methodology for the design of a ventilation system for a new facility is given. A flow diagram of the computer ventilation model shows a typical input, the initialization and iteration loop, and the output. The application of the fluid dynamic modeling techniques include external and internal flow fields, and individual sources of heat and contaminants. Major activities for a ventilation field test program are also addressed.

Goodfellow, H. D.

69

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering  

E-print Network

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 1 Welcome MIE Industrial Advisory Board October 15, 2010 #12;Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 2 MIE Dorothy Adams Undergraduate/Graduate Secretary David Schmidt Associate Professor & Graduate Program Director #12;Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 3 MIE James Rinderle

Mountziaris, T. J.

70

Engineering Industrial & Systems  

E-print Network

Industrial Engineering Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering Leslie Monplaisir, Ph powerful tool sets used in industry today. -Brent Gillett, BSIE 2007 Advanced Planning Engineer at BMW I is available at: http://ise.wayne.edu/bs-industrial/index What is Industrial Engineering? The industrial

Berdichevsky, Victor

71

Industry Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) is responsible for the Advanced Communications for Air Traffic Management (AC/ATM) Project, a sub-element task of the Advanced Air Transportation Technologies (AATT) Project of the NASA Aviation System Capacity Program (ASC). The AC/ATM Project is developing new communications technologies and tools that will improve throughput in the U.S. Air Traffic Control System. The goal of the AC/ATM Project is to enable a communications infrastructure providing the capacity, efficiency, and flexibility necessary to realize benefits of the future mature Free-Flight environment. The capabilities and scope of communications technologies needed to accomplish this goal depend on characteristics of the future Free-Flight environment. There are many operational concepts being proposed for a future ATM system to enable user flexibility and efficiency. GRC s focus is on developing new technologies and techniques to support the digital communication of information involving airborne and ground-based users. However, the technologies and techniques must be integrated with the systems and services that industry and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) are developing. Thus, GRC needs to monitor and provide input to the various industry and FAA organizations and committees that are specifying new systems and services. Adoption of technologies by the FAA is partially dependent on acceptance of the technology by the aviation community. The commercial aviation community in particular would like to adopt technologies that can be used throughout the world. As a result, the adoption of common or at least compatible technologies by European countries is a key factor in getting commitments to those technologies by the US aviation community. GRC desires to keep informed of European activities that relate to aviation communication technologies, particularly those that are being supported by Eurocontrol.

2003-01-01

72

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING Industrial engineering is concerned  

E-print Network

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING Industrial engineering is concerned with looking at the "big picture" of systems that allow organizations and individuals to perform at their best. Industrial engineers bridge should be used and how they should be used. Industrial engineers design and run the factories and systems

73

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING Industrial engineering is concerned  

E-print Network

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING Industrial engineering is concerned with looking at the "big picture" of systems that allow organizations and individuals to perform at their best. Industrial engineers bridge should be used and how they should be used. The focus of industrial engineering is on process improvement

74

Retrofit Installations of Adjustable Speed Drives to Conserve Energy at Industrial Facilities  

E-print Network

(IEEE-PCIC-1976) Motor as an Instrument W. Don Dickson, ESCO Manufacturing Co. (25) Flow Rate Control with AC Motors J. E. McClain, ESCO Manufacturing Co. J. S. Papez, Louis Allis (IEEE-PCIC-1981) (IEEE-PCIC-1978) (37) Considerations in Applying... Thyristor Drives Cage Induction Motors T. E. Gates, Eli Lilly & Co. Frank M. Bruce III, Square 0 Co. (IEEE-PCIC-1979) Richard J. Graefe, Square 0 Co. Arthur Lutz, Square 0 Co. (29) A High Efficiency Variable Speed Michael D. Panlener, Square 0 Co...

Porcaro, C. R.; Galstaun, L. S.; Holmes, M. L.

1984-01-01

75

Industrial Productivity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASTRAN is an offshoot of the computer-design technique used in construction of airplanes and spacecraft. [n this technique engineers create a mathematical model of the aeronautical or space vehicle and "fly" it on the ground by means of computer simulation. The technique enables them to study performance and structural behavior of a number of different designs before settling on the final configuration and proceeding with construction. From this base of aerospace experience, NASA-Goddard developed the NASTRAN general purpose computer program, which offers an exceptionally wide range of analytic capability with regard to structures. NASTRAN has been applied to autos, trucks, railroad cars, ships, nuclear power reactors, steam turbines, bridges, and office buildings. NASA-Langley provides program maintenance services regarded as vital by many NASTRAN users. NASTRAN is essentially a predictive tool. It takes an electronic look at a computerire$.dedgn and reports how the structure will react under a great many different conditions. It can, for example, note areas where high stress levels will occur-potential failure points that need strengthening. Conversely, it can identify over-designed areas where weight and material might be saved safely. NASTRAN can tell how pipes stand up under strong fluid flow, how metals are affected by high temperatures, how a building will fare in an earthquake or how powerful winds will cause a bridge to oscillate. NASTRAN analysis is quick and inexpensive. It minimizes trial-and-error in the design process and makes possible better, safe, lighter structures affording large-scale savings in development time and materials. Some examples of the broad utility NASTRAN is finding among industrial firms are shown on these pages.

1977-01-01

76

Industry Analysis October 2010  

E-print Network

Advantage See `Industry Surveys' under `Quick Links' EIU Industry Briefing key global industries by country Desk useful for membership lists, statistics, press releases, industry trends indicate how to search in the databases Search company names #12;Databases at Queen's ABI/Inform - Global industry

Abolmaesumi, Purang

77

Professors and Industry Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes backgrounds of geophysics graduates that are desired for employment by industry. Also listed are areas in which industry could help universities concerning the development of programs to meet the future manpower needs in industry. (BR)

Sheriff, Robert E.

1974-01-01

78

Industry Analysis February 2013  

E-print Network

-Industries · Biodiesel ­ Biofuel ­ Alternate fuels ­ Green fuels ­ Renewable fuels/energy ­ Green energy ­ Green technology ­ Clean tech/ clean technology #12;7 Industry Studies · IbisWorld ­ U.S. and global industry Canada, Census, Industry Canada, the OECD, European Union, IMF, World Bank, UN . . . Never pay for stats

Abolmaesumi, Purang

79

Industrial energy productivity handbook  

SciTech Connect

This handbook is a compilation of various energy-saving projects in US industry. They are classified according to the industry: food and kindred products; textile mill products; paper and allied products; chemicals and allied products; petroleum refining and related industries; stone, clay, glass, and concrete products; primary metal industries; fabricated metal products; machinery (except electrical); and transportation equipment. (DLC)

Long, D.J. (comp.)

1981-12-01

80

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering  

E-print Network

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 1 Welcome MIE Industrial Advisory Board May 5th, 2011 #12;Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 2 IAB 2010-2011 · David K. Anderson ­ Alden Research Laboratory, Inc went on for three weeks Mechanical & Industrial Engineering 6 #12;Reza Shahbazian Yassar Mechanical

Mountziaris, T. J.

81

Career Guide to Industries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A companion to the Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-2001 (See the April 14, 2000 Scout Report), the Career Guide to Industries "provides information on available careers by industry, including the nature of the industry, working conditions, employment, occupations in the industry, training and advancement, earnings and benefits, employment outlook, and lists of organizations that can provide additional information." While the Occupational Outlook Handbook focuses on specific careers, this guide considers industries in a broader scope, examining 47 industries. The industries are broken into seven sectors, each containing several overviews. Each career guide includes the same sections: Significant Points, Nature of the Industry, Working Conditions, Employment Occupations in the Industry, Training and Advancement, Earnings Outlook, and Sources of Additional Information. Users may search for a specific industry using the key word search feature on the top right of the screen.

82

Developing an energy efficiency service industry in Shanghai  

SciTech Connect

The rapid development of the Chinese economy over the past two decades has led to significant growth in China's energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Between 1980 and 2000, China's energy consumption more than doubled from 602 million to 1.3 billion tons of coal-equivalent (NBS, 2003). In 2000, China's GHG emissions were about 12% of the global total, ranked second behind only the US. According to the latest national development plan issued by the Chinese government, China's energy demand is likely to double again by 2020 (DRC, 2004), based on a quadrupling of its gross domestic product (GDP). The objectives of the national development plan imply that China needs to significantly raise the energy efficiency of its economy, i.e., cutting the energy intensity of its economy by half. Such goals are extremely ambitious, but not infeasible. China has achieved such reductions in the past, and its current overall level of energy efficiency remains far behind those observed in other developed economies. However, challenges remain whether China can put together an appropriate policy framework and the institutions needed to improve the energy efficiency of its economy under a more market-based economy today. Shanghai, located at the heart of the Yangtze River Delta, is the most dynamic economic and financial center in the booming Chinese economy. With 1% of Chinese population (13 million inhabitants), its GDP in 2000 stood at 455 billion RMB yuan (5% of the national total), with an annual growth rate of 12%--much higher than the national average. It is a major destination for foreign as well as Chinese domestic investment. In 2003, Shanghai absorbed 10% of actual foreign investment in all China (''Economist'', January 17-23, 2004). Construction in Shanghai continues at a breakneck pace, with an annual addition of approximately 200 million square foot of residential property and 100 million square foot of commercial and industrial space over the last 5 years. It is one reason that China consumed over 60% of the world's cement production in 2003 (NBS 2004). Energy consumption in Shanghai has been growing at 6-8% annually, with the growth of electricity demand at over 10% per year. Shanghai, with very limited local energy resources, relies heavily on imported coal, oil, natural gas, and electricity. While coal still constitutes over half of Shanghai's energy consumption, oil and natural gas use have been growing in importance. Shanghai is the major market for China's West to East (natural gas) Pipeline (WEP). With the input from WEP and off-shore pipelines, it is expected that natural gas consumption will grow from 250 million cubic meters in 2000 to 3000-3500 million cubic meters in 2005. In order to secure energy supply to power Shanghai's fast-growing economy, the Shanghai government has set three priorities in its energy strategy: (1) diversification of its energy structure, (2) improving its energy efficiency, and (3) developing renewable and other cleaner forms of energy. Efficiency improvements are likely to be most critical, particularly in the near future, in addressing Shanghai's energy security, especially the recent electricity shortage in Shanghai. Commercial buildings and industries consume the majority of Shanghai's, as well as China's, commercial energy. In the building sector, Shanghai has been very active implementing energy efficiency codes for commercial and residential buildings. Following a workshop on building codes implementation held at LBNL for senior Shanghai policy makers in 2001, the Shanghai government recently introduced an implementation guideline on residential building energy code compliance for the downtown area of Shanghai to commence in April, 2004, with other areas of the city to follow in 2005. A draft code for commercial buildings has been developed as well. In the industrial sector, the Shanghai government started an ambitious initiative in 2002 to induce private capital to invest in energy efficiency improvements via energy management/services companies (EMC/ESCOs). In partic

Lin, Jiang; Goldman, Charles; Levine, Mark; Hopper, Nicole

2004-02-10

83

The World Oil Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's domestic petroleum industry and the international industry have been dominated by seven major firms. Although production costs decreased, sale prices soared with developing political-corporate interrelationships. (MR)

Rand, Christopher T.

1976-01-01

84

Industrial Engineering Seminar Announcement  

E-print Network

Industrial Engineering Seminar Announcement Zelda B. Zabinsky, Ph.D. Professor, Industrial Engineering University of Washington "Random Search for Global Optimization: Theory and Applications" Random search methods, including simulated annealing and genetic algorithms, are popular search methods

Neumaier, Arnold

85

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER APPRENTICE OPPORTUNITY  

E-print Network

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER APPRENTICE OPPORTUNITY SUMMER 2013 Industrial Engineering COOP Student needed-Fri, for summer 2013. Student must be enrolled in BS Engineering program. (Preferably completed 2-3 yrs

Pohl, Karsten

86

FOSSIL FUEL INDUSTRIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The chapter focuses on methane emissions from the coal and natural gas industries. The petroleum industry is not addressed because of the lack of related quality data. Emission points are identified for each industry, and a discussion of factors affecting emissions is presented. ...

87

Innovation and Industry Shakeouts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many industries were initially populated by a large number of competitors but subsequently experienced a pronounced decrease or shakeout in the number of producers. Such shakeouts are common in manufacturing industries, with the number of producers often dropping by 50% or more during the formative eras of new manufacturing industries (9, 12). This paper summarizes the findings of a more

Kenneth L. Simons

1996-01-01

88

Robotics and Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Robots are becoming increasingly common in American industry. By l990, they will revolutionize the way industry functions, replacing hundreds of workers and doing hot, dirty jobs better and more quickly than the workers could have done them. Robotics should be taught in high school industrial arts programs as a major curriculum component. The…

Edmison, Glenn A.; And Others

89

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering  

E-print Network

Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Mario A. Rotea Professor and Department Head #12;2Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Outline · Undergraduate Degree Programs · Graduate Degree Programs · The Faculty · The Research · Summary #12;3Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Programs ­ BSME & BSIE 0 20 40 60

Mountziaris, T. J.

90

Industrial parks as ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial ecology and metabolism provide a conceptual framework for the transformation of our production and consumption system into a transition toward sustainable development. This is consistent with the expressed views of a wide range of industrial and business associations. Burnside Industrial Park in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, provides an opportunity to investigate the application of the concept to small businesses. The

R. Côté; J. Hall

1995-01-01

91

Industrial policy and the Indian electronics industry  

E-print Network

Recently, production within India's Electronics sector amounted to a low $12 billion when compared to the global output of $1400 billion. The slow growth in the local industry is often judged to be the result of late ...

Love, Robert (Robert Eric)

2008-01-01

92

Industry`s turnaround looks real  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the industry outlook for North American gas and oil industries. In a robust Canada, land sales are setting records, drilling is up, and output is rising beyond last year`s 21% growth. A perception among US operators that wellhead prices will remain stable is translating to increased spending. The USA, Canada, Mexico, Cuba are evaluated separately, with brief evaluations of Greenland, Guatemala, Belize, and Costa Rico. Data are presented on drilling activities.

NONE

1997-08-01

93

Society for Industrial Archeology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for Industrial Archeology is an association of "members, world-wide, who have a strong interest in preserving, interpreting and documenting our industrial past and heritage." Anyone interested in the industrial past is welcome to join the Society. The newsletter, which is available free to download, provides information on current news, recent publications and notices of conferences and events of interest to Society members. The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology (IA) is available by paid subscription and includes essays and book reviews, as well as peer-reviewed articles on current research in industrial archeology. The Links section provides a list of online related resources.

94

Uranium industry annual 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Industry Annual 1998 (UIA 1998) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. It contains data for the period 1989 through 2008 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey.`` Data provides a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1989 through 1998, including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment, are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2008, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, and uranium inventories, are shown in Chapter 2. The methodology used in the 1998 survey, including data edit and analysis, is described in Appendix A. The methodologies for estimation of resources and reserves are described in Appendix B. A list of respondents to the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is provided in Appendix C. The Form EIA-858 ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is shown in Appendix D. For the readers convenience, metric versions of selected tables from Chapters 1 and 2 are presented in Appendix E along with the standard conversion factors used. A glossary of technical terms is at the end of the report. 24 figs., 56 tabs.

NONE

1999-04-22

95

Uranium industry annual 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Industry Annual 1994 (UIA 1994) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing during that survey year. The UIA 1994 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the 10-year period 1985 through 1994 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey.`` Data collected on the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` (UIAS) provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1994, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. A feature article, ``Comparison of Uranium Mill Tailings Reclamation in the United States and Canada,`` is included in the UIA 1994. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, and uranium inventories, enrichment feed deliveries (actual and projected), and unfilled market requirements are shown in Chapter 2.

NONE

1995-07-05

96

Nursing assessment in industry.  

PubMed Central

In order to be able to offer nursing service to industry, a community health agency must have some knowledge of the industry and the daily problesm faced by both management and worker. The nursing process can serve as a framework for the gathering of necessary information and planning of sound care. The five-step nursing process, which includes assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation, is discussed and annotated model Assessment Guide for Nursing in Industry is given (Appendix A). The six areas from which information should be gathered when assessing an industry are the following: I. The community in which the industry is located: II. The industry, its historical development, policies, and projections; III. The plant or physical structure; IV. The working population; V. The industrial process of the plant; VII. The existing health program. Once the assessment is completed and a diagnosis formulated, services can be offered based on specific, defined needs. PMID:961943

Serafini, P

1976-01-01

97

Office of Industry Research and Technology Programs Greetings to Industry  

E-print Network

and Propulsion...2 New Addition to the Office of Industry Research and Technology Programs 3 CentersOffice of Industry Research and Technology Programs Greetings to Industry Purdue/Industry Partnersh Competitiveness.......... 9 Technology Commercialization Available Technologies ............ 10 Purdue

Ginzel, Matthew

98

MIT and the Electronics/Photonics Industries MIT Industry Brief  

E-print Network

MIT and the Electronics/Photonics Industries MIT Industry Brief MIT's Industrial Liaison Program (MIT) is a leading center of research and education on topics important to the electronics, photonics and optics industries, including: · Electronic, optical, and photonic materials · Microsystems

Ceder, Gerbrand

99

INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

78 INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take of industries including consulting, technology development, software, supply chain manufacturing, engineering

Rohs, Remo

100

Industrial Water Use  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of its Water Science for Schools site, the US Geological Survey defines industrial water use and includes several tables and maps showing where and how industry uses water. Students and teachers can look at their state and see 1990 data for how much ground water and how much surface water is used in industry as well as how much of that water is fresh or saline.

2002-10-10

101

Industrial sand and gravel  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2005, domestic production of industrial sand and gravel was about 31 Mt, a 5% increase from 2004. This increase was bouyed by robust construction and petroleum sectors of the US economy. Based on estimated world production figures, the United States was the world's leading producer and consumer of industrial sand and gravel. In the short term, local shortages of industrial sand and gravel will continue to increase.

Dolley, T.P.

2006-01-01

102

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION part 1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What led to this remarkable time in history. Who was most affected by it? Let's begin by looking at some causes. Use this link to answer the following questions. causes of industrial revolution I want you to describe one of the main things that contributed to the industrial revolution. Next state three outcomes of the industrial revolution. Place your answers in a googledrive document.

dramsden

2013-04-15

103

Opportunities in the industrial biobased products industry.  

PubMed

Approximately 89 million metric t of organic chemicals and lubricants, the majority of which are fossil based, are produced annually in the United States. The development of new industrial bioproducts, for production in stand-alone facilities or biorefineries, has the potential to reduce our dependence on imported oil and improve energy security. Advances in biotechnology are enabling the optimization of feedstock composition and agronomic characteristics and the development of new and improved fermentation organisms for conversion of biomass to new end products or intermediates. This article reviews recent biotechnology efforts to develop new industrial bioproducts and improve renewable feedstocks and key market opportunities. PMID:15054239

Carole, Tracy M; Pellegrino, Joan; Paster, Mark D

2004-01-01

104

Heat pumps for industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research activities, both in the laboratory and in the field, confirm that heat pumps can improve energy efficiency and productivity for a multitude of process types. By using heat pumps, process industries can save significant amounts of energy and money and successfully control emissions. Those industries with special needs, such as recovering solvents, can meet them more energy efficiently and cost effectively with heat pumps. Through the years, the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) has helped industry solve its energy problems by joining in cooperative agreements with companies willing to do the research. The companies involved in these agreements share the costs of the research and benefit directly from the technology developed. OIT then has information from demonstration projects that it can pass on to others within industry. All the projects described in this brochure were joint ventures between DOE and industry participants. OIT will assist in accelerating the use of heat pumps in the industrial marketplace by continuing to work with industry on research and demonstration projects and to transfer research results and project performance information to the rest of industry. Successfully transferring this technology could conserve as much as 1.5 quads of energy annually at a savings of more than $4 billion at today's prices.

1991-09-01

105

The new industrial revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines a new framework for understanding the current period of global restructuring, focusing on the relationship between technological change and organizational change. After reviewing the major approaches in the debate over future pathways to industrialization, a new perspective for understanding the 'new industrial revolution' is presented. At the core of this revolution is the emergence of a series

1991-01-01

106

Growing Hawaii's agriculture industry,  

E-print Network

Program Overview Growing Hawaii's agriculture industry, one business at a time Website: http-3547 agincubator@ctahr.hawaii.edu Grow Your Business If you are looking to start an agriculture-related business with our program · Positively impact the agriculture industry in Hawaii with their success

107

Commercial Banking Industry Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work and family programs are becoming increasingly important in the commercial banking industry. The objective of this survey was to collect information and prepare a commercial banking industry profile on work and family programs. Fifty-nine top American commercial banks from the Fortune 500 list were invited to participate. Twenty-two…

Bright Horizons Children's Centers, Cambridge, MA.

108

Cobranding on industrial markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade branding has developed to be one of the main focus areas in consumer marketing. In the industrial marketing area there has only been limited attention to this phenomenon. In this paper we focus on how co-branding can be used on industrial markets to increase value. Through an empirical study of professional purchasers' attitudes towards co-branding activities

Anders Bengtsson; Per Servais

2005-01-01

109

The First Industrial Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book identifies the strategic changes in economic organisation, industrial structure and technological progress associated with the industrial revolution, which took place in Britain over the century 1750–1850 and which marked a watershed in world economic development - the beginnings of modern economic growth for developed countries and an example of spontaneous industrialisation for third world countries. The book assesses

Phyllis Deane

1969-01-01

110

Industry and Instructional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter examines the current state of instructional development (ID) in business and industry, emphasizing the differences between ID in industry and in education. The competency studies of both the American Society for Testing and Development (ASTD) and the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) are considered, and…

Wallington, Clint

111

European Chlorine Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is provided by Euro Chlor, representing the chlor-alkali industry in Europe. The site discusses how chlorine is vital for many industrial processes, how it is made, sustainability, regulations, and even the socioeconomic importance of chlorine. There is also a link to some interesting facts and figures, including that over two million jobs in Europe are related to chlorine.

112

Generic Drug Industry Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of its unique institutional and regulatory features, the generic drug industry provides a useful laboratory for understanding how competition evolves. We exploit these features to estimate a system of structural relationships in this industry, including the relationship between price and the number of competitors, and between drug characteristics and the entry process. Our methodology yields a number of findings

David Reiffen; Michael R. Ward

2005-01-01

113

Generic Drug Industry Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Because of its unique institutional and regulatory features, the generic drug industry provides a useful laboratory for understanding how competition evolves within a market. We exploit these features to estimate asystem of structural relationships in this industry, including the relationship between price and the number of competitors, and between drug characteristics and the entry process. Our methodology yields a

David Reiffen; Michael Robert Ward

2003-01-01

114

Analysis of Industrial Wastewaters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive, documented discussion of certain operating principles useful as guidelines for the analysis of industrial wastewaters is presented. Intended primarily for the chemist, engineer, or other professional person concerned with all aspects of industrial wastewater analysis, it is not to be considered as a substitute for standard manuals…

Mancy, K. H.; Weber, W. J., Jr.

115

Handbook of industrial robotics  

SciTech Connect

This book presents papers on the application of artificial intelligence to robots used in industrial plants. Topics considered include vision systems, elements of industrial robot software, robot teaching, the off-line programming of robots, a structured programming robot language, task-level manipulator programming, expert systems, and the role of the computer in robot intelligence.

Nof, S.Y.

1985-01-01

116

Geothermal industry assessment  

SciTech Connect

An assessment of the geothermal industry is presented, focusing on industry structure, corporate activities and strategies, and detailed analysis of the technological, economic, financial, and institutional issues important to government policy formulation. The study is based principally on confidential interviews with executives of 75 companies active in the field. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-07-01

117

Industry Insights: Convergence of  

E-print Network

#12;11 2005 Mergers & Acquisitions (US) Pharma/Biotech and Biotech/Biotech consolidation was extremelyIndustry Insights: Convergence of Science, Business & Finance Industry Insights: Convergence of Science, Business & Finance March 14, 2006 Nandini Tandon, PhD Venture Partner MDS Capital March 14, 2006

Puglisi, Joseph

118

and Industrial Engineering  

E-print Network

45 Mechanical and Industrial Engineering 220 Engineering Lab Degrees: Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering Contact: James R. Rinderle, Undergraduate Program Director Office: 207C Engineering Lab Building Phone: (413) 545-2505 Head of Department

Mountziaris, T. J.

119

Rebuilding America's Industrial Strength  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It's no secret within the academic or manufacturing communities that community colleges are the nation's training ground for industrial-skilled trade careers. But outside community college classrooms and industrial plants, many people are in the dark about the growing numbers of these often-well-paid and in-demand jobs. This article introduces the…

Community College Journal, 2011

2011-01-01

120

INDUSTRIAL ARTS HANDBOOK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TO AID TEACHERS, GUIDANCE COUNSELORS, AND ADMINISTRATORS, AS WELL AS THE STUDENT HIMSELF, THE HANDBOOK OFFERED PURPOSES AND COURSE DESCRIPTIONS IN THE FIELD OF INDUSTRIAL ARTS. IT APPLIED TO ELEMENTARY, JUNIOR HIGH, AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. INDUSTRIAL ARTS PROVIDED AN OPPORTUNITY FOR STUDENTS TO DISCOVER THEIR APTITUDES AND ABILITIES IN…

JOHNSON, ALLEN

121

ETHICS FOR INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The discipline of "Industrial Technology" as we know it today has a rich history. Significant contributions, both at the national and international level, have been made by affiliates of the discipline. Industrial technology has produced leaders that have created new jobs and promoted the growth of...

122

Industrial sand and gravel  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Domestic production of industrial sand and gravel in 2011 was about 30 Mt (33 million st), increasing slightly compared with 2010. Some important end uses for industrial sand and gravel include abrasives, filtration, foundry, glassmaking, hydraulic fracturing sand (frac sand) and silicon metal applications.

Dolley, T.P.

2012-01-01

123

Industrial sand and gravel  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Domestic production of industrial sand and gravel in 2012 was about 49.5 Mt (55 million st), increasing 13 percent compared with that of 2011. Some important end uses for industrial sand and gravel include abrasives, filtration, foundry, glassmaking, hydraulic fracturing sand (frac sand) and silicon metal applications.

Dolley, T.P.

2013-01-01

124

Industrial sand and gravel  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Domestic production of industrial sand and gravel in 2010 was about 26.5 Mt (29.2 million st), a 6-percent increased from 2009. Certain end uses of industrial sand and gravel, such as sand for container glass, golf course sand, recreational sand, specialty glass and water filtration, showed increased demand in 2010.

Dolley, T.P.

2011-01-01

125

Exploring the Industrial Subculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is an attempt to create a theoretical vocabulary for those who believe that the sociology of industrial organizations should concern itself with discovering the ways in which people in industry define their life-position and with examining the collective and organizational consequences of these views which they hold of themselves. Using…

Turner, Barry A.

126

Training in British Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the need for, and development of, further education and practical training for recruits into industry. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses how, at the time of writing, many firms were developing and operating training schemes for industrial personnel. Firms benefit themselves from…

Jackson, Willis

2008-01-01

127

Uranium industry annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Industry Annual 1996 (UIA 1996) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1996 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1987 through 1996 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2006, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. A feature article, The Role of Thorium in Nuclear Energy, is included. 24 figs., 56 tabs.

NONE

1997-04-01

128

University/industry research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problems encountered in mixing industrial and university research goals can be major, but so can the benefits. The National Science Board (NSB) recently released a report on “University-Industry Research Relationships: Selected Studies” (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983). It is an analysis of the much-discussed new trend toward increased industrial funding of university research projects.University laboratories cannot generally solve industry's R&D problems. Success for the corporation in sponsoring academic research is realized in the value of cooperative research programs as training exercises for future industrial scientists. An occasional patent arising from such a project is considered an added benefit, not a primary goal.

Bell, Peter M.

129

INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use  

E-print Network

78 INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units · Industrial and Systems Engineering

Rohs, Remo

130

INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

78 INDUSTRIAL&SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units · Industrial and Systems Engineering

Rohs, Remo

131

Uranium industry annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Industry Annual 1995 (UIA 1995) provides current statistical data on the U.S. uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1995 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the period 1986 through 2005 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey``. Data collected on the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1995, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1986 through 1995 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2005, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. The methodology used in the 1995 survey, including data edit and analysis, is described in Appendix A. The methodologies for estimation of resources and reserves are described in Appendix B. A list of respondents to the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is provided in Appendix C. For the reader`s convenience, metric versions of selected tables from Chapters 1 and 2 are presented in Appendix D along with the standard conversion factors used. A glossary of technical terms is at the end of the report. 14 figs., 56 tabs.

NONE

1996-05-01

132

Mask industry assessment: 2004  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name mask cost and cycle time as top issues of concern. A survey was created with support from International SEMATECH (ISMT) and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. The survey is designed with the input of mask technologists from semiconductor manufacturers, merchant mask suppliers, and makers of equipment for mask fabrication. This year's assessment is the third in the current series of annual reports and is intended to be used as a baseline for the mask industry and the microelectronics industry to gain a perspective on the technical and business status of the mask industry. This report will continue to serve as a valuable reference to identify the strengths and opportunities of the mask industry. The results may be used to guide future investments on critical path issues. This year's survey builds upon the 2003 survey to provide an ongoing database using the same questions as a baseline with only a few minor changes or additions. Questions are grouped into categories: general business profile information, data processing, yields and yield loss mechanisms, delivery times, returns and services. Within each category are a many questions that create a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the mask industry. This assessment includes inputs from ten major global merchant and captive mask manufacturers whose revenue represents approximately 85% of the global mask market.

Shelden, Gilbert V.; Hector, Scott D.

2004-12-01

133

Mask industry assessment: 2002  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name mask technology and mask supply issues of cost and cycle time as top issues of concern. A survey was created with support from International SEMATECH (ISMT) and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. The survey was designed with the input of member company mask technologists, merchant mask suppliers, and industry equipment makers. This assessment can be used as a baseline for the mask industry and the microelectronics industry to gain a perspective on the technical and business status of our critical mask industry. It should serve as a valuable reference to identify strengths and opportunities and to guide investments on critical-path issues. Questions are grouped into five categories: General Business Profile Information; Data Processing; Yields and Yield loss Mechanisms; Delivery Time; and Returns and Services. Within each category are a multitude of questions that create a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the critical mask industry.

Kimmel, Kurt R.

2002-12-01

134

Mask Industry Assessment: 2007  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name the cost and cycle time of mask technology and mask supply as top critical issues. A survey was created with support from SEMATECH and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. The survey is designed with the input of semiconductor company mask technologists, merchant mask suppliers, and industry equipment makers. This year's assessment is the sixth in the current series of annual reports. With ongoing industry support, the report can be used as a baseline to gain perspective on the technical and business status of the mask and microelectronics industries. The report will continue to serve as a valuable reference to identify the strengths and opportunities of the mask industry. The results will be used to guide future investments pertaining to critical path issues. This year's survey is basically the same as the 2005 and 2006 surveys. Questions are grouped into categories: General Business Profile Information, Data Processing, Yields and Yield Loss Mechanisms, Delivery Times, Returns and Services, Operating Cost Factors, and Equipment Utilization. Within each category is a multitude of questions that create a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the critical mask industry.

Shelden, Gilbert; Marmillion, Patricia; Hughes, Greg

2007-10-01

135

Mask industry assessment: 2006  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name the cost and cycle time of mask technology and mask supply as top critical issues. A survey was created with support from SEMATECH and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. The survey is designed with the input of semiconductor company mask technologists, merchant mask suppliers, and industry equipment makers. This year's assessment is the fifth in the current series of annual reports. With continued industry support, the report can be used as a baseline to gain perspective on the technical and business status of the mask and microelectronics industries. The report will continue to serve as a valuable reference to identify the strengths and opportunities of the mask industry. The results will be used to guide future investments pertaining to critical path issues. This year's survey is basically the same as the 2005 survey. Questions are grouped into categories: General Business Profile Information, Data Processing, Yields and Yield Loss Mechanisms, Delivery Times, Returns and Services, Operating Cost Factors, and Equipment Utilization. Within each category is a multitude of questions that create a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the critical mask industry.

Shelden, Gilbert; Marmillion, Patricia

2006-10-01

136

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 26. TITANIUM INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The titanium industry produces two principal products, titanium metal and titanium dioxide. For purposes of analyses, therefore, the industry is considered in two segments: titanium metal production and titanium dioxide production. Two industrial process flow diagrams and eleven ...

137

Industrial process surveillance system  

DOEpatents

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy. 96 figs.

Gross, K.C.; Wegerich, S.W.; Singer, R.M.; Mott, J.E.

1998-06-09

138

Industrial process surveillance system  

DOEpatents

A system and method for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy.

Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Wegerich, Stephan W. (Glendale Heights, IL); Singer, Ralph M. (Naperville, IL); Mott, Jack E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1998-01-01

139

Industrial Process Surveillance System  

DOEpatents

A system and method for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy.

Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Wegerich, Stephan W (Glendale Heights, IL); Singer, Ralph M. (Naperville, IL); Mott, Jack E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2001-01-30

140

Exploiting industrial robotics  

SciTech Connect

Advances in robotic technologies reflected in commercially available and demonstrated capabilities provide exceptional alternatives to the designer of new and upgraded production processes. This paper discusses the states of the art of these technologies, describes some of the research and application engineering which has extended and exploited these capabilities, and provides some conceptual synthesis of advanced robotics and other industrial automation to hypothetical nuclear industry/laboratory tasks. Nuclear industry applications are oriented upon tasks in hazardous and contaminating environments and with hazardous materials.

Sievers, R.H. (Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (USA))

1990-06-01

141

Process models for industry  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to describe and illustrate how process models developed at BNL are used to analyze industrial energy use. A model of the US pulp and paper industry is described and discussed as a specific application of process modeling methodology. Case study results from the pulp and paper model illustrate how process models can be used to analyze a variety of issues. Applications discussed include projections of energy demand, conservation technology assessment, energy-related tax policies, and sensitivity analysis. A subsequent discussion of these results supports the conclusion that industry process models are versatile and powerful tools for energy end-use modeling and conservation analysis.

Pierce, B.; Hill, D.; Howe, S.O.

1981-01-01

142

Industrial Assessment Center  

SciTech Connect

The University of Dayton (UD) performed energy assessments, trained students and supported USDOE objectives. In particular, the UD Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) performed 96 industrial energy assessment days for mid-sized manufacturers. The average identified and implemented savings on each assessment were $261,080 per year and $54,790 per year. The assessments served as direct training in industrial energy efficiency for 16 UD IAC students. The assessments also served as a mechanism for the UD IAC to understand manufacturing energy use and improve upon the science of manufacturing energy efficiency. Specific research results were published in 16 conference proceedings and journals, disseminated in 22 additional invited lectures, and shared with the industrial energy community through the UD IAC website.

J. Kelly Kissock; Becky Blust

2007-04-17

143

Lasers in food industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Food industry had begun to use lasers for improvement of effectiveness of production. We can clearly see three main directions: in the food technology, in the food engineering, and in the agriculture. The results of the work is given.

Fyodorov, Boris F.

1996-09-01

144

Chromatography in Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This review focuses on the chromatography research that has been carried out within industry or in close cooperation with industry and that has been reported in the scientific literature between 2006 and mid-2008. Companies in the health care sector, such as pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, are the largest contributors. Industrial research seems to take place in an open environment in cooperation with academia, peer companies, and institutions. Industry appears ready to embrace new technologies as they emerge, but they focus strongly on making chromatography work robustly, reliably, rapidly, and automatically. “Hyphenated” systems that incorporate on-line sample-preparation techniques and mass-spectrometric detection are the rule rather than the exception. Various multidimensional separation methods are finding numerous applications. Strategies aimed at speeding up the development of new chromatographic methods remain the focus of attention. Also, there is a clear trend toward exploring chromatographic methods for parallel processing along with other strategies for high-throughput analysis.

Schoenmakers, Peter

2009-07-01

145

Load Management for Industry  

E-print Network

categories: Thermal Energy Storage, Communication and Load Control, Interconnection and Operation of Power Systems, and Selective Load Promotions. The endeavors of the utility industry and Ohio Edison Company in three of the four categories are described...

Konsevick, W. J., Jr.

1982-01-01

146

Uranium Industry Annual, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Industry Annual provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry for the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and electric utility industries, and the public. The feature article, ``Decommissioning of US Conventional Uranium Production Centers,`` is included. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities including domestic uranium purchases, commitments by utilities, procurement arrangements, uranium imports under purchase contracts and exports, deliveries to enrichment suppliers, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and uranium for sale by domestic suppliers are presented in Chapter 2.

Not Available

1993-10-28

147

EPA's Industry Assistance Office.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The EPA's Industry Assistance Office, established under the Toxic Substance Control Act to help manufacturers and processors of chemical substances and mixtures to comply with the Act, is described. (BB)

Ruggiero, Michael A.

1979-01-01

148

An Industrial Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the commercial uses, industrial production and laboratory production of 2-methylpentane-2,4-diol. Suggests extensions for the experiment in the areas of boiling point/composition curves and alkaline depolymerization. (GS)

Daniels, D. J.; And Others

1975-01-01

149

Essays in industrial economics  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three chapters in Industrial Economics. Chapter 1 is the product of joint work with Filippo Balestrieri. In chapter 1 we examine the use of lotteries among horizontal differentiated goods as ...

Leao, Joao, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

150

Innovative Energy Efficient Industrial Ventilation  

E-print Network

This paper was written to describe an innovative “on-demand” industrial ventilation system for woodworking, metalworking, food processing, pharmaceutical, chemical, and other industries. Having analyzed existing industrial ventilation in 130...

Litomisky, A.

2005-01-01

151

Industry costs of equity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates of the cost of equity for industries are imprecise. Standard errors of more than 3.0% per year are typical for both the CAPM and the three-factor model of Fama and French (1993). These large standard errors are the result of(i) uncertainty about true factor risk premiums and (ii) imp ecise estimates of the loadings of industries on the risk

Eugene F. Fama; Kenneth R. French

1997-01-01

152

Mask industry assessment: 2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name mask technology and mask supply issues of cost and cycle time as top issues of concern. A survey was initiated in 2002 with support from International SEMATECH (ISMT) and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition.1 This paper presents the results of the second annual survey which is an enhanced version of the inaugural survey building upon its strengths and improving the weak points. The original survey was designed with the input of member company mask technologists, merchant mask suppliers, and industry equipment makers. The assessment is intended to be used as a baseline for the mask industry and the microelectronics industry to gain a perspective on the technical and business status of the critical mask industry. An objective is to create a valuable reference to identify strengths and opportunities and to guide investments on critical-path issues. As subsequent years are added, historical profiles can also be created. This assessment includes inputs from ten major global merchant and captive mask manufacturers representing approximately 80% of the global mask market (using revenue as the measure) and making this the most comprehensive mask industry survey ever. The participating companies are: Compugraphics, Dai Nippon Printing, Dupont Photomask, Hoya, IBM, Infineon, Intel, Taiwan Mask Company, Toppan, and TSMC. Questions are grouped into five categories: General Business Profile Information; Data Processing; Yields and Yield loss Mechanisms; Delivery Time; and Returns and Services. Within each category are a multitude of questions that create a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the mask industry.

Kimmel, Kurt R.

2003-12-01

153

BTU Accounting for Industry  

E-print Network

BTU ACCOUNTING FOR INDUSTRY Robert O. Redd-CPA Seidman & Seidman Grand Rapids, Michigan Today, as never before, American industry needs to identify and control their most criti cal resources. One of these is energy. In 1973 and again in 1976... Accounting provides an important contribution to this critical need. What is BTU Accounting? BTU Accounting is a methodology to measure energy usage in all its forms and to evaluate actual usage in comparison to predetermined standards. The National Energy...

Redd, R. O.

1979-01-01

154

Ethics and Industrial Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of nanotechnology seems inevitable, for it alone would be able to solve or circumvent the huge difficulties to be faced by industrial and post-industrial societies, in both their private and their public aspects, and including the ageing population and its expectations with regard to health, the evolution of the climate, pollution, the management of food resources and raw materials, access to drinking water, control of energy production and consumption, equitable and sustainable development, etc.

Bernard, Daniel

155

OCT for industrial applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical coherence tomography (OCT), as an interferometric method, has been studied as a distance ranger. As a technology capable of producing high-resolution, depth-resolved images of biological tissue, OCT had been widely used for the application of ophthalmology and has been commercialized in the market today. Enlightened by the emerging research interest in biomedical domain, the applications of OCT in industrial inspection were rejuvenated by a few groups to explore its potential for characterizing new materials, imaging or inspecting industrial parts as a service solution[3]. Benefiting from novel photonics components and devices, the industrial application of the older concepts in OCT can be re-visited with respect to the unique performance and availability. Commercial OCT developers such as Michelson Diagnostics (MDL; Orpington, U.K.) and Thorlabs (Newton, NJ) are actively exploring the application of OCT to industrial applications and they have outlined meaningful path toward the metrology application in emerging industry[3]. In this chapter, we will introduce the fundamental concepts of OCT and discuss its current and potential industrial applications.

Song, Guiju; Harding, Kevin

2012-11-01

156

NEMS industrial module documentation report  

SciTech Connect

The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2010) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of output of industrial activity. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

Not Available

1994-01-01

157

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Industry Advisory Board University of Massachusetts Amherst  

E-print Network

9/13/2007 Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Industry Advisory Board University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering About the Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Industry Advisory Board The purpose of the Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Industry Advisory

Mountziaris, T. J.

158

Mask industry assessment: 2005  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name mask cost and cycle time as top issues of concern. A survey was created with support from International SEMATECH (ISMT) and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. The survey is designed with the input of mask technologists from semiconductor manufacturers, merchant mask suppliers, and makers of equipment for mask fabrication. This year's assessment is the fourth in the current series of annual reports and is intended to be used as a baseline for the mask industry and the microelectronics industry to gain a perspective on the technical and business status of the mask industry. This report will continue to serve as a valuable reference to identify the strengths and opportunities of the mask industry. The results may be used to guide future investments on critical path issues. This year's survey contains all of the 2004 survey questions to provide an ongoing database. Additional questions were added to the survey covering operating cost factors and equipment utilization. Questions are grouped into categories: general business profile information, data processing, yields and yield loss mechanisms, delivery times, returns and services, operating cost factors and equipment utilization. Within each category are a many questions that create a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the mask industry. This assessment includes inputs from eight major global merchant and captive mask manufacturers whose revenue represents approximately 85% of the global mask market. This participation rate is reduced by one captive from 2004. Note: Toppan, DuPont Photomasks Inc and AMTC (new) were consolidated into one input therefore the 2004 and 2005 surveys are basically equivalent.

Shelden, Gilbert; Hector, Scott

2005-11-01

159

Industrial Technology and Management Industrial Technology and Management  

E-print Network

Industrial Technology and Management Industrial Technology and Management Suite 4001 South 3424 S Safar Program Coordinator: Pamela Houser The Master of Industrial Technology and Operations (M.I.T.O.) is a professional degree designed for individ- uals who plan to make a career in industry. The purpose of the M

Saniie, Jafar

160

MIT and the Robotics Industry MIT Industry Brief  

E-print Network

MIT and the Robotics Industry MIT Industry Brief MIT's Industrial Liaison Program (ILP) can bring of research and education on topics important to the robotics industries such as: · Control: Perception, processing, action · Actuation · Human-robot interaction · Robotic networks · Locomotion · Manipulation

Ceder, Gerbrand

161

industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

78 industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take s e n G i n e e r i n G ( i s e ) ISE 105 Introduction to Industrial and Systems Engineering (2, Fa

Rohs, Remo

162

industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

78 industrial & systems Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task is to take to introduce the philosophy, subject matter, aims, goals, and techniques of industrial and systems engineering

Rohs, Remo

163

Industrial Section Convenor's Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the years this conference has gained a solid reputation as an appropriate rostrum for illustrating new concepts in the relations between industry and the scientific world and for introducing new technologies to a large assistance of junior and more experienced scientists. In fact, from the very beginning the founders of this endeavour announced: "The conference is aimed for promoting contacts among scientists involved in particle and fundamental physics, among experimental physicists in other fields and representatives from industry." Facilities at the Conference are designed to fulfil the task: space and general facilities are offered to industry representatives to display their products. This year a more accessible and luminous space arrangement was made available to the exhibitors. At the same time two plenary sessions have been dedicated to selected speakers to illustrate new trends in Technology Transfer, analysis of environment affecting our community, examples of historical successes in the merging of science and industry. We have identified in "GRID" and in "E-Publishing" two major promising areas where our Community will play a prime role as "User" and it was of the general interest to have them illustrated by two personalities directly involved in their development. The flow of knowledge is of course more massive from "Industry" to "Science" than vice-versa, but "Science" to "Industry" move offers an intensive added value. The technology transfer concept with the "Patents" as fund raising tool proved less glorious than expected. Trademark, licensing agreement and " Patents" can assure intellectual properties. But patent is an issue to be used cautiously. Evidence exists that much more efficient transfer of "Science" knowledge to "Economy" is achieved by venture capital move and start-up companies. These two facets of the Technology Transfer business have been covered by Routti's and Bourgeois's lectures.There are two examples of Companies who moved recently into the areas of interest of our community (Hourdakis and Intrasoft) and the examples of an Industry historically committed to a strong R&D effort (SAES-Getters). Finally a case of involvement of industry in a "Big Science" project (CMS) completed the palette of the contributions to this Industry Section. The full set of transparencies of the lectures, are filed and made available at the conference site: .

Barone, M.; Riboni, P.

2002-11-01

164

Risk management in construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Construction industry is highly risk prone, with complex and dynamic project environments creating an atmosphere of high uncertainty and risk. The industry is vulnerable to various technical, sociopolitical and business risks. The track record to cope with these risks has not been very good in construction industry. As a result, the people working in the industry bear various failures, such

Nadeem Ehsan; Ebtisam Mirza; Mehmood Alam; Azam Ishaque

2010-01-01

165

Burlington Industries: Modernize or Perish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1960s, Burlington Industries was the largest textile firm in the world, and in 1973 the U. S. textile industry employed more than 1 million workers. Dynamic change came to the textile industry beginning in the 1960s, and in 2001 Burlington Industries filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. This case traces the dynamics of the market and the…

Honeycutt, Earl D., Jr.

2013-01-01

166

Industrial Assessment Center Program  

SciTech Connect

The work described in this report was performed under the direction of the Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) at University of Texas at Arlington. The IAC at The University of Texas at Arlington is managed by Rutgers University under agreement with the United States Department of Energy Office of Industrial Technology, which financially supports the program. The objective of the IAC is to identify, evaluate, and recommend, through analysis of an industrial plant’s operations, opportunities to conserve energy and prevent pollution, thereby reducing the associated costs. IAC team members visit and survey the plant. Based upon observations made in the plant, preventive/corrective actions are recommended. At all times we try to offer specific and quantitative recommendations of cost savings, energy conservation, and pollution prevention to the plants we serve.

Dr. Dereje Agonafer

2007-11-30

167

Introduction to Electronics Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Work-Ready Electronics, a project of the Advanced Technological Education program, this module walks visitors through the basic of the electronics industry, including different industry categories, and the overall process that moves the industry along. There is a quiz to test what students learned in the module in the Knowledge Probe section, and the Learning Resources section contains two activities to help cement student understanding. There are also further resources - both print and Web based - for more information and a Knowledge Game, which consists of a crossword reiterating the material covered. The Notebook function allows visitors to take notes and review them at any time. This is an excellent resource for introductory electronics classes, or for students just entering electronics technician programs.

168

What is Industrial Agriculture?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Highly productive commercial agriculture, known as industrial agriculture, is the focus of this investigation. Students will analyze and compare the inputs and outputs of industrial agriculture after reading background information, examining photos and satellite images, graphing data, and answering questions. The role of technology in shaping industrial agriculture is also examined. Suggestions are offered for optionally assessing this lesson in a debate format or in a role-play format. The URL opens to the investigation directory, with links to teacher and student materials, lesson extensions, resources, teaching tips, and assessment strategies. This is Investigation 2 of three found in the Grades 9-12 Module 2 of Mission Geography. The Mission Geography curriculum integrates data and images from NASA missions with the National Geography Standards. Each of the three investigations in Module 2, while related, can be done independently.

2013-02-26

169

Emulsified industrial oils recycling  

SciTech Connect

The industrial lubricant market has been analyzed with emphasis on current and/or developing recycling and re-refining technologies. This task has been performed for the United States and other industrialized countries, specifically France, West Germany, Italy and Japan. Attention has been focused at emulsion-type fluids regardless of the industrial application involved. It was found that emulsion-type fluids in the United States represent a much higher percentage of the total fluids used than in other industrialized countries. While recycling is an active matter explored by the industry, re-refining is rather a result of other issues than the mere fact that oil can be regenerated from a used industrial emulsion. To extend the longevity of an emulsion is a logical step to keep expenses down by using the emulsion as long as possible. There is, however, another important factor influencing this issue: regulations governing the disposal of such fluids. The ecological question, the respect for nature and the natural balances, is often seen now as everybody's task. Regulations forbid dumping used emulsions in the environment without prior treatment of the water phase and separation of the oil phase. This is a costly procedure, so recycling is attractive since it postpones the problem. It is questionable whether re-refining of these emulsions - as a business - could stand on its own if these emulsions did not have to be taken apart for disposal purposes. Once the emulsion is separated into a water and an oil phase, however, re-refining of the oil does become economical.

Gabris, T.

1982-04-01

170

1989 Industry Directory  

SciTech Connect

Solid Waste Power's 1989 Industry Directory is divided into three main sections: the Company Directory, the Service Directory, and the Product Directory. The Company Directory lists all companies involved in the waste-to-energy industry that responded to a survey Solid Waste Power conducted in the fall of 1988. Companies are listed alphabetically. Each of the companies in the Company Directory is further referenced in the Service and Product directories follow. The Service and Product directories are broken down into various categories. Within each category is a list of the names of companies identified themselves as providing the service or product. Preceding the Service and Product directories is the Category Index.

Not Available

1998-12-01

171

Solar industrial process heat  

SciTech Connect

The aim of the assessment reported is to candidly examine the contribution that solar industrial process heat (SIPH) is realistically able to make in the near and long-term energy futures of the United States. The performance history of government and privately funded SIPH demonstration programs, 15 of which are briefly summarized, and the present status of SIPH technology are discussed. The technical and performance characteristics of solar industrial process heat plants and equipment are reviewed, as well as evaluating how the operating experience of over a dozen SIPH demonstration projects is influencing institutional acceptance and economoc projections. Implications for domestic energy policy and international implications are briefly discussed. (LEW)

Lumsdaine, E.

1981-04-01

172

Industrial linguistic control  

SciTech Connect

The use of various types of controllers and control techniques for industrial process is discussed. An ongoing research and development project is reported on the application of intelligent linguistic controllers to processes in the cement industry in Greece which have, in the past, been controllable only by human operators. Prototype linguistic controllers using fuzzy logic have been implemented and tested on a rotary kiln precalciner flash furnace (3-input 3-output) and on a cement mill separator (3-input 2-output) with good results. Originally implemented on a supervisory minicomputer, the algorithms have been transferred to microcomputers which form the heart of this class of intelligent linguistic controllers. 6 references.

King, R.E.; Karonis, F.

1983-01-01

173

INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

Since its establishment in 1990, San Diego State University’s Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) has served close to 400 small and medium-sized manufacturing plants in Southern California. SDSU/IAC’s efforts to transfer state-of-the-art technologies to industry have increased revenues, cultivated creativity, improved efficiencies, and benefited the environment. A substantial benefit from the program has been the ongoing training of engineering faculty and students. During this funding cycle, SDSU/IAC has trained 31 students, 7 of the graduate. A total of 92 assessments and 108 assessment days were completed, resulting in 638 assessment recommendations.

ASFAW BEYENE

2008-09-29

174

Industrial sand and gravel  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Domestic production of industrial sand and gravel in 2009 was about 27 Mt (30 million st), declining by 10 percent compared with 2008. Certain end uses of industrial sand and gravel, such as foundry and glassmaking sand, may have declined by a factor greater than 10 percent in 2009. U.S. apparent consumption was 24.7 Mt (27.2 million st) in 2009, down by 10 percent from the previous year, and imports declined to 83 kt (91,000 st).

Dolley, T.P.

2010-01-01

175

Turning industry visions into reality  

SciTech Connect

This brochure outlines the activities of the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) in the Department of Energy. OIT activities are aimed at industry adoption of energy-efficient, pollution-reducing technologies and include research and development on advanced technologies, financing, technical assistance, information dissemination, education, and bringing together industry groups, universities, National Laboratories, states, and environmentalists. OIT`s core initiative is to facilitate partnerships within seven materials and process industries: aluminum, chemicals, forest products, glass, metalcasting, petroleum refining, and steel industries.

NONE

1997-01-01

176

Industrial cogeneration optimization program  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this program was to identify up to 10 good near-term opportunities for cogeneration in 5 major energy-consuming industries which produce food, textiles, paper, chemicals, and refined petroleum; select, characterize, and optimize cogeneration systems for these identified opportunities to achieve maximum energy savings for minimum investment using currently available components of cogenerating systems; and to identify technical, institutional, and regulatory obstacles hindering the use of industrial cogeneration systems. The analysis methods used and results obtained are described. Plants with fuel demands from 100,000 Btu/h to 3 x 10/sup 6/ Btu/h were considered. It was concluded that the major impediments to industrial cogeneration are financial, e.g., high capital investment and high charges by electric utilities during short-term cogeneration facility outages. In the plants considered an average energy savings from cogeneration of 15 to 18% compared to separate generation of process steam and electric power was calculated. On a national basis for the 5 industries considered, this extrapolates to saving 1.3 to 1.6 quads per yr or between 630,000 to 750,000 bbl/d of oil. Properly applied, federal activity can do much to realize a substantial fraction of this potential by lowering the barriers to cogeneration and by stimulating wider implementation of this technology. (LCL)

Not Available

1980-01-01

177

Industrial Education Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed as a supplement to the Alaska Department of Education's industrial education curriculum. The special topics included in it focus on competencies from the curriculum for which materials were not readily available to Alaskan teachers and provide information that may not be sufficiently covered by existing curricula. Each…

Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau. Div. of Adult and Vocational Education.

178

Industrial Efficiency and Fatigue  

PubMed Central

The problems of industrial efficiency and fatigue offer increasing scope for the use of that special knowledge of human life with which medical men are equipped by their training. Success and prosperity of industry depend as much on health and efficiency of workers as on the efficiency of machines. Impetus given by European War to study of this human factor; national necessity led to establishment of Health of Munition Workers Committee which later developed into the Industrial Fatigue Research—now the Industrial Health Research—Board of the Medical Research Council. In Germany extensive investigations are now pursued at the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut für Arbeitsphysiologie, at Dortmund, into such problems as relationship of age to capacity for heavy muscular work, influence of diet and nutrition on human efficiency, and optimum height of stairs up which loads have to be carried; new system of training apprentices developed in Germany since the war. Factors influencing efficiency and capacity for work of employees may be placed in two general groups, intra-factory conditions, and extra-factory conditions. Many of these factors have been investigated in this country and in America. In particular, the effect of the environmental conditions of temperature, humidity and air-movement on human efficiency has been studied: but much remains to be done. PMID:19987375

Crowden, G. P.

1930-01-01

179

Developments in industrial microbiology  

SciTech Connect

This book contains the proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the Society for Industrial Microbiology which was held at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul. Symposia on topics such as agriculture, food chemicals, process development, and health care provided insight into the application of the new technology - Biotechnology. Other papers on microbiology of subsurface environment and groundwater contamination are included.

Nash, C.H. III; Underkofler, L.A.

1983-01-01

180

An Industry Redefined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activities in 2006 pointed to strategic shifts in library automation. The dynamics of the business environment changed rapidly from a fragmented industry to a highly consolidated one. Though the integrated library system (ILS) continues to represent the largest portion of revenue, products that deal with electronic content and deliver better…

Breeding, Marshall

2007-01-01

181

La propiedad industrial  

Microsoft Academic Search

El derecho de la propiedad industrial protege bienes (creaciones intelectuales) que tienen un valor significativo para sus titulares y cumplen un rol importante en la participación de éstos en la actividad económica. En efecto, será gracias a ellos que podrán, por ejemplo, acercar sus productos o servicios a su clientela (a través de los signos distintivos) o disponer de avances

Juan David Castro García

182

Lipases, industrial uses  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Lipases are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of triglycerides to glycerol and fatty acids. Microbial lipases are relatively stable and are capable of catalyzing a variety of reactions; they are potentially of importance for diverse industrial applications. Lipases can be divided generally into...

183

Today's Business Simulation Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New technologies are transforming the business simulation industry. The technologies come from research in computational fields of science, and they endow simulations with new capabilities and qualities. These capabilities and qualities include computerized behavioral simulations, online feedback and coaching, advanced interfaces, learning on…

Summers, Gary J.

2004-01-01

184

Inventing the Industrial Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book examines the development of the English patent system and its relationship with technical change during the period between 1660 and 1800, when the patent system evolved from an instrument of royal patronage into one of commercial competition among the inventors and manufacturers of the Industrial Revolution. It analyses the legal and political framework within which patenting took place

Christine MacLeod

1988-01-01

185

Industrial Applications of SQUIDs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This talk will review the problems and progress being made in using high-Tc SQUIDs in unshielded applications. These problems represent hurdles to be overcome in most industrial SQUID applications. While there are a growing number of shielded laboratory applications of SQUIDs that are commercially successful, major technical and commercial challenges remain - those of designing and building SQUID sensors and

R. H. Koch

1998-01-01

186

THEMATIC SECTION INDUSTRIAL RISKS  

E-print Network

THEMATIC SECTION INDUSTRIAL RISKS PANGEA No. 29/30 June 1 Oecember 1998 THERMOGRAPHIE INFRAROUGE. On se propose de démontrer l'intérêt d'utiliser la thermographie pour réaliser ce type d'études. AprèsIIethods ofcharacterization are being developed. It is proposed /0 demOlis/rate the advanlage ofusillg thermography for t

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

187

Computer Technology for Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A special National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) service is contributing to national productivity by providing industry with reusable, low-cost, government-developed computer programs. Located at the University of Georgia, NASA's Computer Software Management and Information Center (COSMIC) has developed programs for equipment…

Aviation/Space, 1982

1982-01-01

188

Strategizing in industrial networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the implications for strategizing offered by an industrial network perspective and a comparison of this view with strategic management thinking. We argue that it is crucial for a company to relate its activities to those of other firms in order to enhance its performance, and it is through the continuous combining and recombining of

Lars-Erik Gadde; Lars Huemer; Håkan Håkansson

2003-01-01

189

INDUSTRIAL STRENGTH GENETIC PROGRAMMING  

E-print Network

Chapter 15 INDUSTRIAL STRENGTH GENETIC PROGRAMMING Empirical Modeling and Symbolic Regression via and Arthur Kordon3 1Dow Chemical, Midland, MI USA 2Dow Benelux, Terneuzen, NV 3Dow Chemical, Freeport, TX USA of a multi-disciplinary approach to empir- ical modeling at Dow Chemical. Herein we review the role

Fernandez, Thomas

190

TRAINING IN INDUSTRY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS CHAPTER IN A LARGER WORK ON INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY DEALS LARGELY WITH THE NEED TO SPECIFY TRAINING OBJECTIVES THROUGH JOB ANALYSIS, USES OF TESTING IN TRAINEE SELECTION, TRAINING VARIABLES AND LEARNING PROCESSES, TRAINING TECHNOLOGY (MAINLY THE CHARACTERISTICS OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION), THE EVALUATION OF PROFICIENCY, THE VALUE OF…

GLASER, ROBERT

191

Water Pollution Control Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A special report on the state of the water pollution control industry reveals that due to forthcoming federal requirements, sales and the backlogs should increase; problems may ensue because of shortages of materials and inflation. Included are reports from various individual companies. (MLB)

Environmental Science and Technology, 1974

1974-01-01

192

Lasers in food industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The food industry has begun using lasers for improving the effectiveness of production. We clearly see three main directions: in food technology, in food engineering, and in agriculture. The resulting work of the seminar with concrete results, gotten by some research centers, is given. The programs of the seminar for 1988-1996 also are given.

Fyodorov, Boris F.

1996-12-01

193

Manufacturing (Industrial) Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 35 units to consider for use in a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of manufacturing (industrial) technician. All the units listed will not necessarily apply to every situation or tech prep consortium, nor will all the competencies within each unit be appropriate. Several units appear within each specific…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

194

Air Pollution and Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is an authoritative reference and practical guide designed to help the plant engineer identify and solve industrial air pollution problems in order to be able to meet current air pollution regulations. Prepared under the editorial supervision of an experienced chemical engineer, with each chapter contributed by an expert in his field,…

Ross, R. D., Ed.

195

Steel Industry Wastes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of wastes from steel industry, covering publications of 1976-77. This review covers: (1) coke production; (2) iron and steel production; (3) rolling operations; and (4) surface treatment. A list of 133 references is also presented. (NM)

Schmidtke, N. W.; Averill, D. W.

1978-01-01

196

Steel industry wastes  

SciTech Connect

In this annual literature review, the regulations of the EPA which apply to the steel industry are discussed. Coke plant wastes are discussed. The characterization of the suspended solids in steel plant river intake water and in plant discharge effluent by electron-optical and x-ray diffraction techniques are discussed. 12 references.

Chung, N.K.

1985-06-01

197

Building an industrial desktop  

SciTech Connect

The personal computer has had a profound effect on access to information for engineers throughout industry. Nevertheless, the information systems needed to run a complex CPI plant such as a refinery have not changed: operations management, maintenance, crisis management, warehouse, engineering, laboratory, business, and scheduling, among others. Various control or data processing systems are currently used to manage these data needs, but computer technology and business economics are unifying these requirements into one, all-encompassing system--the industrial desktop computer. The industrial desktop is an evolving concept, but at this stage, several components are clear: it is based on personal computers, or workstations that are compatible with these computers; it has ready access both to plant-floor data (the conventional purpose of process control computers) as well as a variety of business applications and telecommunications capabilities; and it makes use of the software conventions centered around Microsoft Corp. (Redmond, Wash.). The paper discusses implementation of desktop applications in the chemical industry.

Kennedy, J.P. [Oil Systems, Inc., San Leandro, CA (United States)

1996-01-01

198

Vocational/Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents high school and college vocational/industrial arts buildings considered outstanding in a competition, which judged the most outstanding learning environments at educational institutions nationwide. Jurors spent two days reviewing projects, highlighting unique concepts and ideas. For each citation, the article offers information on the…

American School & University, 2003

2003-01-01

199

Financial Industry Perspectives, 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Financial Industry Perspectives is an annual collection of articles from the Supervision and Risk Management Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. This year's articles include the topics of Internet banking, rural development, and enhancing the value of community banks.

200

Industrial robots: Handbook  

Microsoft Academic Search

Topics covered include terms, definitions, and classification; operator-directed manipulators; autooperators as used in automated pressure casting; construction and application of industrial robots; and the operating bases of automated systems. Attention is given to adaptive and interactive robots; gripping mechanisms; applications to foundary production, press-forging plants, heat treatment, welding, and assembly operations. A review of design recommendations includes a determination of

Iu. G. Kozyrev

1983-01-01

201

Industrial robot - Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles of manipulation technology are examined, taking into account the significance of this technology for the national economy, the development of manipulation technology and trends regarding the future, manipulation processes, the classification of manipulation installations, manipulator parameters, criteria for the characterization and the evaluation of manipulators, and requirements regarding industrial robots. The design of manipulators is considered along with

J. Volmer

1983-01-01

202

Robotics applications for industry  

SciTech Connect

This book is an indepth introduction to the basic concepts and techniques for the use of robotics technology in manufacturing and industrial applications, with a special section on motor vehicle manufacture. Contents: Robotics Technology-Basic Concepts; Robot Configuration; Sensors; Tooling; Work Station Integration; Application information; Robotics in Motor Vehicle Manufacture; Current Applications; Future Trends; Impacts of Robots.

Toepperwin, L.L.; Tanner, W.R.; Adolfson, W.F.

1983-01-01

203

Industrial Energy Use Indices  

E-print Network

Energy use indices and associated coefficients of variation are computed for major industry categories for electricity and natural gas use in small and medium-sized plants in the U.S. Standard deviations often exceed the average EUI for an energy...

Hanegan, A.; Heffington, W. M.

2007-01-01

204

Industry Report 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2001 industry report details the formal training activity of U.S. organizations with 100 or more employees. Data were collected from 1,652 usable responses from a pool of 3,873 qualified candidates (42.7%). The report depicts annual expenditures on employee training, training methods, and who controls, benefits from, and delivers training.…

Galvin, Tammy

2001-01-01

205

Language Industries Atlas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This atlas describes the activities of public and private organizations that create the infrastructure within which languages are able to develop and interact in the European Community (EC). It contains over 1,000 descriptions of activities that play a role in shaping the language industries, from a user or provider perspective. The atlas is…

Hearn, P. M., Ed.; Button, D. F., Ed.

206

Working with Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As community colleges focus on becoming more efficient and preparing more students for success in a climate of reduced state and federal funding, many institutions are reaching out to neighbors in business and industry, forming partnerships and working together to achieve goals that require money and resources colleges are unlikely to raise on…

Ullman, Ellen

2012-01-01

207

Industrial heat exchangers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents the papers given at a symposium on the use of heat exchangers in the industrial plants. Topics considered include the US DOE and GRI research programs, advanced fixed boundary heat exchanger technology, commercial heat exchanger applications, thermo-hydraulic performance of heat-transfer equipment, field tests, the corrosion of heat exchanger materials, economics, cost benefit analysis, payback, and advanced assembly

A. J. Hayes; W. W. Liang; S. L. Richlen; E. S. Tabb

1985-01-01

208

Toy Industry Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the Toy Industry Association site, users can view the top-selling toys by dollar or unit sales. They can also read a list of new toys introduced last year as well as a ranking of the top software titles.

209

DIAPER INDUSTRY WORKSHOP REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This report is the product of a one-day workshop on the diaper industry that was sponsored by the U.S. EPA. our topics covered during the workshop were public health and safety, recycling, composting, and product life cycle analysis. he primary objective of the workshop was to id...

210

Industrial Radiography Instructor's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide was developed for teacher use in an 80-hour course for industrial radiographers. The units include: (1) The Structure of Matter and Radiation, (2) Nuclear Reactions and Radioisotopes, (3) The Nature and Consequences of Radiation Exposure, (4) Radiation Attenuation, (5) Absorption of Radiation, (6) Radiation Detection and…

Richardson, Harry D.

211

Industrial Education. "Small Engines".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series of curriculum guides dealing with industrial education in junior high schools, this guide provides the student with information and manipulative experiences on small gasoline engines. Included are sections on shop adjustment, safety, small engines, internal combustion, engine construction, four stroke engines, two stroke engines,…

Parma City School District, OH.

212

INTERMOUNTAIN INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER  

SciTech Connect

The U. S. Department of Energy’s Intermountain Industrial Assessment Center (IIAC) at the University of Utah has been providing eligible small- and medium-sized manufacturers with no-cost plant assessments since 2001, offering cost-effective recommendations for improvements in the areas of energy efficiency, pollution prevention, and productivity improvement.

MELINDA KRAHENBUHL

2010-05-28

213

Building Industries Occupations: Syllabus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Industries Occupations course is a two-year program of approximately 160 three-period teaching days per year. The required course content is designed to be effectively taught in 80 percent of the total course time, thus allowing 20 percent of the time for instruction adapted to such local conditions as employment prospects, student…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

214

RETRAINING BY PRIVATE INDUSTRY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SEVERAL SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA COMPANIES WERE EXAMINED FOR SPECIFIC PROGRAMS FOR DISPLACED EMPLOYEES. ARMOUR AND COMPANY SOUGHT TO GUIDE DISPLACED EMPLOYEES TO CLASSES OR COURSES OF ACTION OUTSIDE ITS OWN SPHERE OF OPERATION. LOCKHEED HAS PROVIDED UNUSUALLY WELL FOR UPGRADING AND RETRAINING, MAINLY BECAUSE OF INDUSTRY FLUCTUATIONS AND RAPID…

HOOS, IDA R.

215

Industrial Heat Recovery - 1982  

E-print Network

Two years ago I summarized 20 years of experience on Industrial Heat Recovery for the Energy-source Technology Conference and Exhibition held in New Orleans, Louisiana. At the end of that paper I concluded with brief advice on 'How to specify heat...

Csathy, D.

1982-01-01

216

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

Recent nuclear industry briefs are presented. These briefs include: Japan to build to nuclear power plants; RWE buys Degussa`s interest in Nukem; Soviet-East German Uranium Project restructured; Chinon A3 shut down; Italy to close last two nuclear units; Rio Algom buys into Uranium Resources; Duke to sell partial interest in LES; and China to accelerate nuclear power program.

NONE

1990-07-01

217

Outflanking the Rankings Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author argues that American higher education is allowing itself to be held hostage by the rankings industry, which can lead institutions to consider actions harmful to the public interest and encourage the public's infatuation with celebrity at the expense of substance. Instead of sitting quietly by during the upcoming ratings…

McGuire, Patricia

2007-01-01

218

Commercial and Industrial Wiring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the third in a series of three wiring publications, includes additional technical knowledge and applications required for job entry in the commercial and industrial wiring trade. The module contains 15 instructional units that cover the following topics: blueprint reading and load calculations; tools and equipment; service;…

Kaltwasser, Stan; Flowers, Gary

219

Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues  

E-print Network

engineering firms, universities ? Detailed audits at keyaudits could also help minimize the potential risks of an individual auditing firm –audits in China include local energy conservation centers, energy conservation supervision centers, cleaner production centers, industrial associations, ESCOs, engineering firms,

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01

220

Industrial & Enterprise Systems Engineering Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Curriculum  

E-print Network

Industrial & Enterprise Systems Engineering Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Curriculum (128 and Logistics (SC&L) V. Economic & Finance (E&F) VI. Human Factors Engineering (HFE) 3 CS Elective ­ 3 hours

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

221

Industrial energy productivity project. Iron and steel industry. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This volume documents the analysis performed on the iron and steel industry and the major conclusions reached on the basis of ISTUM-2 outputs. A brief description of the industry and its structure, energy consumption patterns and major issues facing the industry are presented. Macro inputs are described; these consist of macroeconomic inputs relating to product growth rates and fuel prices, and technology inputs covering product mix changes, raw materials analyses, and process analyses. The representation of the industry is discussed; this includes material flows within the steel industry and descriptions of the various processes and technologies considered in the analysis. Features of the steel industry flow model are given. Finally, results are presented with discussions of the trends in energy use, technology penetration, and conservation in the industry under the different scenarios analyzed. The technology specifications for all the steel industry process, carrier, and conservation technologies are included.

Not Available

1983-02-01

222

Essays in the industrial organization of the pharmaceutical industry  

E-print Network

This dissertation comprises of three chapters, each exploring different issues in the industrial organization of the pharmaceutical industry. In the first chapter, I study the effects of television advertising of antidepressants ...

Shapiro, Bradley T. (Bradley Thomas)

2014-01-01

223

Reconstruction of industrial location in view of industrial agglomeration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Industrial Agglomeration Theory has been evolving all the time. The study on the industrial location has become the focus\\u000a of the massive theoretical location problems about agglomeration since the 1970s. The authors here analyze the evolution and\\u000a the characteristics of the Industrial Agglomeration Theory and study its effect on the reconstruction of industrial location.\\u000a The study suggests that the

Huayou Zhu; Sibao Ding

2006-01-01

224

Alcohol Industry & Policy Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems maintains the Alcohol Industry & Policy Database, which contains bibliographic citations and abstracts for more than 13,000 articles and news stories on the alcohol beverage industry, alcohol policy, and the prevention of alcohol-related problems. The citations in the database span from 1991 to the present and are updated monthly. Users may conduct cross-field queries of the database by keywords, subject headings, company name, and publication date. The search facility includes Word Wheels, which are interactive Java applets that help users to identify indexed terms quickly, thereby "eliminat[ing] trial-and-error searching [and] produc[ing] more accurate searches."

Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems.

225

The Nuclear Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the nuclear industry is to pro-duce energy in the forms of heat from either fission reactions or radioactive decay and radiation from radioactive decay or by accelerator methods. For fission heat applications, the nuclear fuel has a very high specific energy content that currently has two principal uses, for military explosives and for electricity generation. As higher temperature reactors become more widely available, the high temperature heat (>900°C) will also be useful for making chemicals such as hydrogen. For radiation applications, the emissions from radioactive decay of unstable nuclides are employed in research, medicine, and industry for diagnostic purposes and for chemical reaction initiation. Radioactive decay heat is also employed to generate electricity from thermoelectric generators for low-power applications in space or remote terrestrial locations.

Congedo, Tom; Lahoda, Edward; Matzie, Regis; Task, Keith

226

[Metalworking industry management evolution].  

PubMed

Analysis of the evolution drivers of the management systems in the metalworking industry, mainly characterized as "automotive", starting with the "mass production" model, followed for the development of Italian industry in the '50. Through the socio-economic changes of the '90/10, the metalworking plants were deeply restructured with the introduction of computers in the production systems, and then with the first global benchmarks such as the "lean production", towards the needed operational flexibility to respond to the market dynamics. Plants change radically, company networks become real, ICT services are fundamental elements for the integration. These trends help visualizing a new "Factory of the Future" for the years 2020/30, where the competition will be based on the socio-economical, technological and environmental factors included in the "Competitive Sustainable Manufacturing" paradigm. PMID:22073665

Mattucci, Massimo

2011-01-01

227

Coal industry annual 1997  

SciTech Connect

Coal Industry Annual 1997 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. US Coal production for 1997 and previous years is based on the annual survey EIA-7A, Coal Production Report. This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report includes a national total coal consumption for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

228

Coal industry annual 1993  

SciTech Connect

Coal Industry Annual 1993 replaces the publication Coal Production (DOE/FIA-0125). This report presents additional tables and expanded versions of tables previously presented in Coal Production, including production, number of mines, Productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. This report also presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for a wide audience including the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In addition, Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility Power Producers who are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. This consumption is estimated to be 5 million short tons in 1993.

Not Available

1994-12-06

229

Industrial ecotoxicology "acid rain".  

PubMed

The acid rain phenomenon was studied in the province of Cordoba, Argentina. This study, based on a previously outlined framework, determined the anthropogenic origin of the low pH due to the presence of industrial hydrochloric acid wastage. This industrial ecotoxicological phenomenon seriously affected the forest wealth, causing a great defoliation of trees and shrubs, with a lower effect on crops. A survey on its effects on human beings has not been carried out, but considering the corrosion caused to different metals and its denouncing biocide effect on plants and animals, we should expect to find some kind of harm to the health of the workers involved or others engaged in farming, and even to those who are far away from the polluting agent. PMID:3758667

Astolfi, E; Gotelli, C; Higa, J

1986-01-01

230

Industrial robot - Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principles of manipulation technology are examined, taking into account the significance of this technology for the national economy, the development of manipulation technology and trends regarding the future, manipulation processes, the classification of manipulation installations, manipulator parameters, criteria for the characterization and the evaluation of manipulators, and requirements regarding industrial robots. The design of manipulators is considered along with aspects of gripper guidance, gripper function and design, drives, control devices, path measuring systems, recognition systems, and peripheral installations. Attention is given to electric drives, hydraulic drives, pneumatic drives, the functions of program control, the programming of manipulating tasks, the control of synchronous manipulators, current possibilities for the implementation of recognition systems, and the control of robots for various types of industrial operations.

Volmer, J.

1983-12-01

231

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 8. PESTICIDES INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The catalog was developed to aid in defining the environmental impacts of U.S. industrial activity. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of the catalog. The pesticides industry produces organic chemicals used: to control agricultural pests...

232

INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATESHIP SCHEME Centre for Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research  

E-print Network

. The Institute is keen to transfer / exchange these with the industry. To further strengthen the linkages and Space Applications (1996) Plate Heat Exchangers: The New Wave (1996) Refrigeration under CryogenicINDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATESHIP SCHEME Centre for Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research INDIAN

Bhashyam, Srikrishna

233

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE: CHAPTER 13. PLASTICIZERS INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The catalog of Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use was developed as an aid in defining the environmental impacts of industrial activity in the United States. Entries for each industry are in consistent format and form separate chapters of the study. The Plasticizer ...

234

The Hospitality Industry, Industrial Placement and Personnel Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to identify the contribution that industrial placement makes and the experience it provides to the per- sonnel management function in the hospitality industry. In particular, it considers the especially significant potential benefits in the areas of recruitment, training and labour turnover. Influential factors in these areas, correlated with the industrial placement experience, are examined and discussed. Recommendations

David Leslie

1991-01-01

235

Cancer Pharmacogenetics in Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The pharmaceutical industry is responsible for the identification of potential targets for drug development and the testing\\u000a of molecules through both preclinical and clinical trials up to a point where they are registered and marketed to healthcare\\u000a providers. Beyond this, there is continual monitoring of the drugs as they are used in the clinic up to the time of eventual

Mireille Cantarini

236

Industrial Analytics Corporation  

SciTech Connect

The lost foam casting process is sensitive to the properties of the EPS patterns used for the casting operation. In this project Industrial Analytics Corporation (IAC) has developed a new low voltage x-ray instrument for x-ray radiography of very low mass EPS patterns. IAC has also developed a transmitted visible light method for characterizing the properties of EPS patterns. The systems developed are also applicable to other low density materials including graphite foams.

Industrial Analytics Corporation

2004-01-30

237

Industrial computerized tomography applications  

SciTech Connect

Over the past five years, we have performed research and developed many computerized tomography (CT) systems. Our CT R D efforts have been concentrated in three main areas: scanners, software tools, and applications. The first two areas are discussed in the next section. The CT systems (scanners and software tools) have been used to nondestructively evaluate (NDE) many industrial objects as discussed in the Applications section. We end by summarizing the use of these systems in NDE applications. 8 refs.

Martz, H.E.; Schneberk, D.J.; Azevedo, S.G.

1991-02-01

238

Industrial Decision Making  

E-print Network

). Hurricanes Katrina and Rita further constrained the supply market and compounded growing concerns over the future possibility of climate change regulation (4). Increases in the price of fossil fuels occurred in the aftermath of these storms... on industrial investment was clearly demonstrated by the response to hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Petroleum refining facilities sought to defer maintenance and upgrades as they tried to push plant output to meet demand. Although refiners were able...

Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

2008-01-01

239

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

Recent nuclear industry briefs are presented. These briefs include: Bechtel, Westinghouse and consumers form joint venture to operate Palisades; British Goverment to sell PowerGen in public offering; NPT conference opens in Geneva; Soviets buy US computers for nuclear safety; Cameco completes sale of interest in Rabbit Lake; Ebasco and CEGA each win defense reactor contract; East German utility takeover settled; Rio Algom shuts down Quirke and Panel early; and General Atomics buys Beverly mine.

NONE

1990-09-01

240

Chemical Industry Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In March 2001, PBS aired a disturbing two-hour special hosted by Bill Moyers that explores the history of the chemical revolution of the past 50 years and how companies have long sought to withhold information from the public and their employees about the safety of many substances. The program draws on a large collection of previously secret industry documents unearthed during a ten-year lawsuit by the family of a man who died from a rare brain cancer after working at a vinyl-chloride plant. The family's lawyer eventually charged all vinyl-chloride-producing companies with conspiracy, and the discovery process brought to light hundreds of thousands of pages of documents which reveal a closely planned and well-executed campaign to limit regulation of toxic chemicals and the liability of manufacturers and to withhold important health information from all parties. A large selection of these internal documents, over 37,000 pages, is available at the Chemical Industry Archives, created by the Environmental Working Group. The site offers several essays on the archive and the industry, including a selection of some egregious examples of companies hiding or denying known health risks of their products. The archive itself may be searched by keyword with several modifiers. The documents are presented in .pdf format. This site is sure to become an extremely important resource for health activists, journalists, and the concerned public.

241

Wrist motions in industry.  

PubMed

Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) are disorders of the body's tendons and nerves due to repeated exertions and excessive movements. Workers in industrial tasks who have to move their hands and wrists repeatedly and/or forcefully are susceptible to CTDs. One of the major research voids in the study of occupational wrist CTDs is the lack of quantification of the relationship between the known kinematic risk factors, such as wrist angle and repetition, and CTD risk. A quantitative surveillance study was performed in industry in which workers' three-dimensional wrist motions were monitored on the factory floor. A total of 40 subjects from eight industrial plants participated in this study (20 workers in each of two risk groups, low and high). The wrist motion parameters that were monitored for each subject were position, angular velocity, and angular acceleration measures in each plane of movement (radial/ulnar, flexion/extension, and pronation/supination). Descriptive analyses of these measures indicated that generally the mean of the high-risk subjects was larger in magnitude than that of their low-risk counterparts. However, only the velocity and acceleration parameters resulted in significant differences between low- and high-risk groups. These results demonstrate the importance of dynamic components in assessing CTD risk. PMID:8472684

Marras, W S; Schoenmarklin, R W

1993-04-01

242

Distance collaborations with industry  

SciTech Connect

The college industry relationship has been identified as a key policy issue in Engineering Education. Collaborations between academic institutions and the industrial sector have a long history and a bright future. For Engineering and Engineering Technology programs in particular, industry has played a crucial role in many areas including advisement, financial support, and practical training of both faculty and students. Among the most important and intimate interactions are collaborative projects and formal cooperative education arrangements. Most recently, such collaborations have taken on a new dimension, as advances in technology have made possible meaningful technical collaboration at a distance. There are several obvious technology areas that have contributed significantly to this trend. Foremost is the ubiquitous presence of the Internet. Perhaps almost as important are advances in computer based imaging. Because visual images offer a compelling user experience, it affords greater knowledge transfer efficiency than other modes of delivery. Furthermore, the quality of the image appears to have a strongly correlated effect on insight. A good visualization facility offers both a means for communication and a shared information space for the subjects, which are among the essential features of both peer collaboration and distance learning.

Peskin, A.; Swyler, K.

1998-06-01

243

Poultry Industry Energy Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The poultry industry, a multi-billion dollar business in the United States, uses great amounts of energy in such operations as broiler growing, feed manufacturing, poultry processing and packing. Higher costs and limited supply of fuels common to the industry are predicted, so poultry producers are seeking ways to reduce energy expenditure. NASA is providing assistance to Delmarva Poultry Industry, Inc., an association of some 4,000 growers and suppliers in one of the nation's largest poultry production areas. Delmarva is the East Coast peninsula that includes Delaware and parts of Maryland and Virginia. The upper right photo shows a weather station in the Delmarva area (wind indicator on the pole, other instruments in the elevated box). The station is located at the University of Maryland's Broiler Sub-station, Salisbury; Maryland, where the university conducts research on poultry production and processing. The sub-station is investigating ways of conserving energy in broiler production and also exploring the potential of solar collectors as an alternative energy source. For these studies, it is essential that researchers have continuous data on temperature, pressure, wind speed and direction, solar intensity and cloud cover. Equipment to acquire such data was loaned and installed by NASA's Wallops Flight Center, Wallops Island, Virginia.

1979-01-01

244

Prioritizing industrial chemical hazards.  

PubMed

This article describes the approach used to develop a prioritized list of toxic and hazardous industrial chemical hazards considered to pose substantial risk to deployed troops and military operations. The U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine published the prioritized list in November 2003. The work was performed as part of a multinational military effort supported by Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Previous chemical priority lists had been developed to support military as well as homeland defense research, development, and acquisition communities to determine enhanced detection and protection needs. However, there were questions as to the adequacy of the methodologies and focus of the previous efforts. This most recent effort is a more extensive evaluation of over 1700 industrial chemicals, with a modified methodology that includes not only the assessment of acute inhalation toxic industrial chemicals (TICs), but also chemicals/compounds that pose substantial physical risk (from fire/explosion) and those that may pose acute ingestion risks (such as in water supplies). The methodology was designed to rank such hazards from a strategic (global) military perspective, but it may be adapted to address more site/user specific needs. Users of this or any other chemical priority list are cautioned that the derivation of such lists is largely influenced by subjective decisions and significant variability in chemical-specific data availability and quality. PMID:16020181

Hauschild, Veronique D; Bratt, Gary M

245

The New Industrial Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course component, provided by the Regional Center for Next Generation Manufacturing (RCNGM), contains valuable information and reference material on 3d (three-dimensional) printing. On this page, users will gain an overview of the role of innovation and 3d printing in current industry applications. "While the first industrial revolution was driven by big companies in factories filled with large machines, this one is being driven by individuals armed with Internet connected computers and 3D desktop printers in their office or garage. The previous revolution relied on large numbers of workers with the physical strength needed to work long hours and operate large machines. The new revolution requires innovative thinkers who use computers creatively to design products while working collaboratively and remotely via the Internet. Access the materials and resources presented in this topic to learn more about the "New Industrial Revolution"." Here, viewers will find a TED Talks video, as well as a list of resources on the topic. Users must create a free login before viewing this resource.

246

The impact of government policies on industrial evolution : the case of China's automotive industry  

E-print Network

Governmental industrial policies have great influence on industrial performances and development trajectories. The infant industry theory has been the dominating theoretical foundation of the industrial policies in developing ...

Luo, Jianxi

2006-01-01

247

Texas Industries of the Future  

E-print Network

The purpose of the Texas Industries of the Future program is to facilitate the development, demonstration and adoption of advanced technologies and adoption of best practices that reduce industrial energy usage, emissions, and associated costs...

Ferland, K.

248

Oklahoma Industrial Energy Management Program  

E-print Network

OKLAHCJ1A INDUSTRIAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM* Wayne C. Turner Richard E. Webb James M. Phillips Trevor A. Viljoen School of Industrial Engineering and Management Oklahoma Department of Energy Oklahoma State University Stillwater...

Turner, W. C.; Webb, R. E.; Phillips, J. M.; Viljoen, T. A.

1979-01-01

249

Instructional Materials: The Changing Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The beleaguered educational publishing industry is making a valiant stand against a storm of challenges. From eradicating bias in textbooks to verifying textbook effectiveness, many problems must be faced. The industry responds by cooperating with educators. (Editor)

Brodinsky, Ben

1975-01-01

250

Industrial Arts at San Jose  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

San Jose State College in California has special features in its course for industrial arts teachers. Ralph C. Bohn, Chairman of the College's Department of Industrial Studies, describes the course and the reasons for its special character. (Editor)

Bohn, Ralph C.

1969-01-01

251

Modeling the semiconductor industry dynamics  

E-print Network

The semiconductor industry is an exciting and challenging industry. Strong demand at the application end, plus the high capital intensity and rapid technological innovation in manufacturing, makes it difficult to manage ...

Wu, Kailiang

2008-01-01

252

Academia-Industry Training Programme  

E-print Network

Academia-Industry Training Programme Discover the market potential of your high-level research for the Academia Industry Programme #12;The AIT programme aims to support scien- tists in transforming their high

Laemmli, Ulrich

253

Empirical essays in industrial organization  

E-print Network

In this dissertation, I present three empirical essays that encompass topics in industrial organization. The first essay examines the degree of competition and spatial differentiation in the retail industry by exploiting ...

Chiou, Lesley C

2005-01-01

254

Business.com Industry Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Business.com's impressive Industry Center contains "in-depth and updated" profiles, news, and events for over 50 industries. The industries are organized in alphabetical order. Clicking on the title of each industry gives a basic overview of the related resources. For example, the Aerospace and Defense category includes a directory of aerospace and defense business Websites, breaking news, and industry resources. All resources are complete with pithy annotations. Clicking on the "news" heading under the same category gives daily time-stamped news briefs from leading industry-related publications, a page-long profile overviewing the industry, and the events section, which offers a wide selection of conferences and events. More than a standard directory, the Industry Center is a truly information-rich and carefully constructed resource.

255

Technological Diversification of Japanese Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an approach for measuring industrial technological diversification behavior. Identifies sectoral patterns of Japanese industry as related to diversification behaviors. Delineates the mechanisms and effectiveness of Japanese corporate and government policies relevant to diversification. (ML)

Kodama, Fumio

1986-01-01

256

Industrial Engineering Education: A Prospective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the origin of the industrial engineering discipline and how the subject was taught in the early stages of its development. Describes current changes in the curricula to meet new requirements in industry. (Author/CCM)

Elsayed, E. A.

1999-01-01

257

Ontario's Industrial Energy Services Program  

E-print Network

and definition of industrial energy efficiency opportunities. The first phase provides for a freecompre hensive site energy audit/analysis, conducted over one to five days, by teams of private sector con sultants, selected to match expertise with manu...ONTARIO'S INDUSTRIAL ENERGY SERVICES PROGRAM LINDA K. PLOEGER, GENERAL MANAGER, INDUSTRY PROGRAMS ONTARIO MINISTRY OF ENERGY TORONTO, ONTARIO, ABSTRACT The Ontario Ministry of Energy began offering its new Industrial Energy Services Program...

Ploeger, L. K.

258

Risk management in semiconductor industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of risk management in semiconductor industry is acknowledged by semiconductor industry. Risk management department should be independent to any other department and reports directly to top management (president) in the company. The organization of risk management should include (but not limit to) aspects of risk control, loss prevention, emergency response, insurance, industrial safety and health, environmental protection, medication,

Kochun Mou; Guang-Hann Chen

2004-01-01

259

PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT: RULEMAKING;1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In the six months since the new Petroleum Industry Information Reporting Act (PIIRA which is used by the petroleum industry and market trading groups to assess the trends in California

260

Industrial Trends: Implications for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, in "Part I--Trends in Industrial Development"--notes that industrial development is continuing in developing countries, but with such discontinuity, diversity, and selectivity that generalizations are difficult. In the first development decade (the 1960's), industrialization did not fulfill expectations, and gaps in economic status…

Beers, Howard W.

261

Technological Change in Regulated Industries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this volume discuss how well industries operating under government regulation respond to technical innovation: do the effects of regulations vary among industries, and if so, does this result from variations in the regulatory approach, the organization of the firms, or the nature of the technology? Industries considered include…

Capron, William M., Ed.

262

Industrial Mathematics and Inverse Problems  

E-print Network

for scientific work, Unification of spirit and industry Before World War I: more than 50 industrial members (e and the working world. Techno-mathematics/Industrial mathematics: A more recent attempt of closing this gap in teaching and research in the spirit of Felix Klein (Felix-Klein-Award of the EMS) ECMI (European Consortium

Fulmek, Markus

263

Industrial biotechnology: Tools and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial biotechnology involves the use of enzymes and microorganisms to produce value-added chemicals from renewable sources. Because of its association with reduced energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste generation, industrial biotechnology is a rapidly growing field. Here we highlight a variety of important tools for industrial biotechnology, including protein engineering, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, systems biology, and downstream pro-

Weng Lin Tang; Huimin Zhao

2009-01-01

264

Creative Industries in Arab Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes and explains empirically the economic performance of four key copyright-based industries (the book publishing, music sound recording, film production and software industries) in five Arab countries (Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon). Using the Porter (Diamond) model as its theoretical background, a survey was conducted in the years 2002-03 among 242 experts, covering firm representatives, industry and

Najib Harabi

2004-01-01

265

The US Cruise Ship Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cruise ship industry relates directly to many features of the natural and cultural environments. The U.S. cruise ship industry is analyzed. Discusses the size of the industry, precruise passenger liners, current cruise ships, cruise regions and routes, ports of call, major ports, passengers, and future prospects. (RM)

Miller, Willis H.

1985-01-01

266

New Books for Industrial Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most recent book releases in the field of industrial-technical education are listed alphabetically under: automotive/power mechanics; building trades; drafting; electricity/electronics; graphic arts, industrial arts, vocational, technical and career education; industrial mathematics; machine shop/metalworking; metrics; radio/television;…

School Shop, 1975

1975-01-01

267

Biohydrogen production from industrial wastewaters.  

PubMed

The feasibility of producing hydrogen from various industrial wastes, such as vinasses (sugar and tequila industries), and raw and physicochemical-treated wastewater from the plastic industry and toilet aircraft wastewater, was evaluated. The results showed that the tequila vinasses presented the maximum hydrogen generation potential, followed by the raw plastic industry wastewater, aircraft wastewater, and physicochemical-treated wastewater from the plastic industry and sugar vinasses, respectively. The hydrogen production from the aircraft wastewater was increased by the adaptation of the microorganisms in the anaerobic sequencing batch reactor. PMID:25607676

Moreno-Andrade, Iván; Moreno, Gloria; Kumar, Gopalakrishnan; Buitrón, Germán

2015-01-01

268

Industrial plasmas in academia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present review, written at the occasion of the 2014 EPS Innovation award, will give a short overview of the research and development of industrial plasmas within the last 30?years and will also provide a first glimpse into future developments of this important topic of plasma physics and plasma chemistry. In the present contribution, some of the industrial plasmas studied at the CRPP/EPFL at Lausanne are highlighted and their influence on modern plasma physics and also discharge physics is discussed. One of the most important problems is the treatment of large surfaces, such as that used in solar cells, but also in more daily applications, such as the packaging industry. In this contribution, the advantages and disadvantages of some of the most prominent plasmas such as capacitively- and inductively-coupled plasmas are discussed. Electromagnetic problems due to the related radio frequency and its consequences on the plasma reactor performance, and also dust formation due to chemical reactions in plasma, are highlighted. Arcing and parasitic discharges occurring in plasma reactors can lead to plasma reactor damages. Some specific problems, such as the gas supply of a large area reactor, are discussed in more detail. Other topics of interest have been dc discharges such as those used in plasma spraying where thermal plasmas are applied for advanced material processing. Modern plasma diagnostics make it possible to investigate sparks in electrical discharge machining, which surprisingly show properties of weakly-coupled plasmas. Nanosecond dielectric barrier discharge plasmas have been applied to more speculative topics such as applications in aerodynamics and will surely be important in the future for ignition and combustion. Most of the commonly-used plasma sources have been shown to be limited in their performance. Therefore new, more effective plasma sources are urgently required. With the recent development of novel resonant network antennas for new advanced large area or large volume plasma sources, an important step towards high performance plasmas and new fast processes is made.

Hollenstein, Ch; Howling, AA; Guittienne, Ph; Furno, I.

2015-01-01

269

UCSF Tobacco Industry Videos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Tobacco Industry Video collection contains over 3700 items documenting the advertising, manufacturing, marketing, sales, and scientific research of tobacco products and other materials gathered and produced by tobacco control advocates. Some of the items covered include historic ads for cigarettes, recordings of cigarette focus groups, corporate communications, and recordings of television news coverage on tobacco issues. Visitors can browse around by subject or keyword and they can also look at the "Most Downloaded Items Last Week" area to get a sense of what other folks are finding particularly interesting.

270

Industrial Cogeneration Application  

E-print Network

INDUSTRIAL COGENERATION APLLICATION Martin A. Mozzo, Jr., P.E. American Standard, Inc. New York,New York ABSTRACT Cogeneration is the sequential use of a single fuel source to generate electrical and thermal energy. It is not a new technology... been reviewing the potential of cogeneration at some of our key facilities. Our plan is to begin with a Pilot Plant 500 KW steam turbine generator to be install~d and operating in 1986. Key points to be discuss~d in the paper are: 1...

Mozzo, M. A.

271

Industrial Maintenance Resource Website  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, authored by Maintenance Resources.com provides a series of helpful how-to articles about various topics related to industrial maintenance, such as variable speed drives, fluid power, and mechanics The topics covered include: alignment, balancing, bearing, belts, CMMS, CNC, compressors, compressed air, control valves, electrical, failure analysis, gears, hydraulics, infrared thermography, maintenance management, motor drives, oil analysis, pipefitting, pumps, RCM/predictive maintenance, roller chain drives, seals, shafts, Spanish articles, steam traps, and vibration analysis. This is a nice collection of resource relating to the fundamental elements of this topic.

272

Coal Industry Annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 21 million short tons for 1995.

NONE

1996-10-01

273

Coal industry annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States.This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 24 million short tons for 1996. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

NONE

1997-11-01

274

Industrial application experiment series  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two procurements within the Industrial Application Experiment Series of the Thermal Power Systems Project are discussed. The first procurement, initiated in April 1980, resulted in an award to the Applied Concepts Corporation for the Capital Concrete Experiment: two Fresnel concentrating collectors will be evaluated in single-unit installations at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Parabolic Dish Test Site and at Capitol Concrete Products, Topeka, Kansas. The second procurement, initiated in March 1981, is titled, "Thermal System Engineering Experiment B." The objective of the procurement is the rapid deployment of developed parabolic dish collectors.

Bluhm, S. A.

1981-01-01

275

Space Coatings for Industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ball Aerospace developed entirely new space lubrication technologies. A new family of dry lubricants emerged from Apollo, specifically designed for long life in space, together with processes for applying them to spacecraft components in microscopically thin coatings. Lubricants worked successfully on seven Orbiting Solar Observatory flights over the span of a decade and attracted attention to other contractors which became Ball customers. The company has developed several hundred variations of the original OSO technology generally designed to improve the quality and useful life of a wide range of products or improve efficiency of the industrial processes by which such products are manufactured.

1980-01-01

276

Industrial Transformation Science Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, this "Industrial Transformation Science Plan" incorporates a multidisciplinary research effort which is "based on the assumption that important changes in production and consumption systems will be required in order to meet the needs and aspirations of a growing world population while using environmental resources in a sustainable manner." The plan has combined the input of experts in a wide range of social science disciplines with that of experts from both life and physical sciences.

277

Recent developments: Industry briefs  

SciTech Connect

Recent nuclear industry briefs are presented. These briefs include: Japan completes test plant for laser enrichment, Saskatchewan reveals buyer percentages; West German utilities to take over East German Utilities; Mexico studying construction of 20 new nuclear plants; Cogema signs reprocessing contracts for 15 West German reactors; DOE`s FY91 incentive price predicted; West Germany decommissions sale uranium processing plant; Argentina`s Atucha-2 may be closed or sold; West Germany to buy Nukem plant for plutonium storage; and Saskatchewan revises uranium royalty system.

NONE

1990-08-01

278

Magnesium industry overview  

SciTech Connect

Magnesium products provide an excellent strength-to-weight ratio, good fatigue strength, high impact strength, good corrosion resistance, high-speed machinability, and good thermal and electrical conductivities. As a result, applications are expanding in almost every industry. Dozens of automotive components are now made of magnesium, including steering wheels, valve covers, and seat frames. Magnesium alloys are also used in computer housings, in-line roller skates, golf clubs, tennis racquets, and baseball bats. Good strength and stiffness at both room and elevated temperatures make magnesium alloys especially valuable for aerospace applications. This article presents an overview of magnesium technology, world production, increasing demand, and recycling.

Clow, B.B. [International Magnesium Association, McLean, VA (United States)

1996-10-01

279

Tobacco Industry Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Announced by US Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Donna E. Shalala on November 18, the day of the Great American Smokeout, this important new site will allow the public, for the first time, to conduct searches of key tobacco industry documents "made public by state lawsuits, congressional subpoenas, and the November 1998 master settlement agreement." The site is composed of four major sections. The most relevant of these for general users is the Minnesota Select Set, a full-text, searchable database with about 350,000 pages of viewable documents selected by Minnesota lawyers as key to the state's trial. Second is the searchable citation index, or the 4B Index. The 4B Index represents approximately 4 million documents, totalling 27 million pages, that are stored at the Minnesota Depository. Users may submit requests online or by fax for hard copies. Some of the cited documents may also be found via the collection of annotated links to sites that hold tobacco industry documents, most of which are maintained by the various tobacco companies and are supposed to mirror the documents in the Minnesota Tobacco Document Depository, according to the Master Settlement Agreement. Background and search tips are provided to help users navigate these sites. The fourth major section is a collection of approximately 7,000 selected British American Tobacco Company documents from Guildford, England, which are stored in Minnesota as part of the Minnesota Select Set and may be viewed online.

280

Museum of History & Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded by a band of historically-minded Seattleites in 1911, the Seattle Historical Society would later go on to create The Museum of History & Industry (MOHAI) in 1952. Since that time, MOHAI has been intimately involved with preserving and interpreting various aspects of Pacific Northwest history for both the curious public and scholars. Their website offers a few very nice highlights of some of their collections, including a photograph archive that contains approximately 4000 images. Visitors should also take a look at one of the several dozen oral history transcripts here, which feature discussions with men and women who have been involved in the information technology and manufacturing industries in the region. Those who find themselves in or around Seattle will want to look over the information offered here about visiting the actual museum as well. The site is rounded out by a very fun selection of audio clips, including one of the official theme songs of the 1962 Seattle World's Fair and another audio segment that features Bing Crosby waxing philosophic about his love for his native Washington state.

281

77 FR 42175 - Securities Act Industry Guides  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Release Nos. 33-9337; 34-67432] Securities Act Industry Guides AGENCY: Securities and Exchange Commission. ACTION: Technical...Industry Guide 7''), of the Securities Act of 1933 Industry Guides (``Industry...

2012-07-18

282

Steel--Industry of the Future  

SciTech Connect

This 8-page brochure describes the Office of Industrial Technologies' Steel Industry of The Future, a partnership between the Department of Energy and the steel industry established to increase industrial energy and cost efficiency.

NONE

2001-01-23

283

Faculty of Engineering & Design Industrial Placements  

E-print Network

Faculty of Engineering & Design Industrial Placements A guide for industry #12;Industrial placements The Faculty of Engineering & Design has built close links with engineering companies through research, projects, placements and graduate employees. We know that working with industry ensures our

Burton, Geoffrey R.

284

Research Projects in Industrial Technology.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this booklet is to briefly describe ongoing and completed projects being carried out by Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Industrial Technology Section. In the Pacific Northwest, the industrial sector is the largest of the four consuming sectors. It accounted for thirty-nine percent of the total firm demand in the region in 1987. It is not easy to asses the conservation potential in the industrial sector. Recognizing this, the Northwest Power Planning Council established an objective to gain information on the size, cost, and availability of the conservation resource in the industrial sector, as well as other sectors, in its 1986 Power Plan. Specifically, the Council recommended that BPA operate a research and development program in conjunction with industry to determine the potential costs and savings from efficiency improvements in industrial processes which apply to a wide array of industrial firms.'' The section, composed of multidisciplinary engineers, provides technical support to the Industrial Programs Branch by designing and carrying out research relating to energy conservation in the industrial sector. The projects contained in this booklet are arranged by sector --industrial, utility, and agricultural -- and, within each sector, chronologically from ongoing to completed, with those projects completed most recently falling first. For each project the following information is given: its objective approach, key findings, cost, and contact person. Completed projects also include the date of completion, a report title, and report number.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration. Industrial Technology Section.

1990-06-01

285

industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business principles  

E-print Network

70 industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business systems to help companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems Engineer. Programs Available · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 129 units · Industrial

Rohs, Remo

286

industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business principles  

E-print Network

74 industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering and business to help companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineer's task. Programs Available · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 128 units · Industrial

Rohs, Remo

287

Determinant factors of industrial symbiosis: greening Pasir Gudang industrial park  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Green industry has been identified as an important element in attaining greater sustainability. It calls for harmonizing robust economic growth with environment protection. Industries, particularly in developing and transitional nations such as Malaysia, are in need of a reform. Many experts and international organizations suggest the concept of industrial symbiosis. Mainly, there are successful cases of industrial symbiosis practices around the world. However, there are numerous cases of failure too. As industrial symbiosis is an emerging new approach, with a short history of two decades, a lot of researches are generally focused on narrow context and technical details. There is a lack of concerted efforts to look into the drivers and barriers of industrial symbiosis across different cases. This paper aims to examine the factors influencing the development of industrial symbiosis from various countries to supports such networks to evolve in Pasir Gudang. The findings show institution, law and regulation, finance, awareness and capacity building, technology, research and development, information, collaboration, market, geography proximity, environmental issues and industry structure affect the formation of industrial symbiosis.

Teh, B. T.; Ho, C. S.; Matsuoka, Y.; Chau, L. W.; Gomi, K.

2014-02-01

288

The Industry Standard  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

IDG.net, provided by prolific publisher IDG (International Data Group), launched this magazine, and this site is the web complement to it. TIS aims to keep its fingers on the pulse of the Internet economy. Judging from the first online issue, that is no false promise. The site, at present, contains full text of the magazine's content, as well as breaking news which can also be accessed via three mailing lists: Media Grok, New Gig, and The Industry Standard Intelligencer, which provide news stories, job listings, and feature stories, respectively. TIS also offers information on Internet metrics and a budding "Who's Who" of the Internet Economy, with selected information on hundreds of Internet entrepreneurs. Within this section, the Internet architect of the week profiles a selected Internet baron in-depth.

289

Industry Council for Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The primary goal of the Industry Council for Development (ICD) is "to improve public health through practical partnership projects aimed at food safety and nutrition goals." Although the ICD is a private organization, it has official relations with the World Health Organization and the Food and Agricultural Organization. The ICD works with these organizations on practical action-oriented projects in the developing world that deal with issues like food safety and drinking water quality. On their homepage, visitors can learn about their leadership, read their mission statement, and learn about their thematic initiatives in areas like "Non-Communicable Diseases" and "Risk Analysis and Risk Assessment". Professionals in the field will be delighted to learn that the ICD has developed two training courses titled "The Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point" and "Food Safety". Both of these courses are available here, and visitors will want to share them with colleagues and others who might be working on related matters.

290

Industrial Design History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by a team of scholars at Auburn University, this site "celebrates the determination, audacity and ingenuity of the industrial design profession." It's a great way to learn about the designed world, as described within sections like History Research, Design Stories, Historical Musings, and Resources. The Design Stories area is a great place to start, as it contains oral histories and video-taped interviews with Budd Steinheilber talking about his design for the Tucker automobile and Tom Hardy talking about designing the first IBM PC keyboard. In the History Research area, visitors can read original articles written for the site and also view the Biographies Timeline, which features profiles of designers like Peter Behrens, Walter Gropius, and Helen Dryden. [KMG

2012-07-19

291

Industrial Lung Cancer  

PubMed Central

There are many known chemical and physical causes of industrial lung cancer. Their common feature is a long latent period—usually ten to 40 years—between initial exposure to the carcinogen and clinical recognition of the lesion. Occupationally induced lung cancer is indistinguishable from lung cancer of unknown etiology or that caused by cigaret smoking. Smoking alone is responsible for a very large proportion of all lung cancer and it potentiates the effect of most other carcinogens. Most cases of lung cancer in the next 20-30 years will be the result of exposures which have already occurred. In these cases, early diagnosis of pre-invasive resectable lesions offers the only hope for prolonging life. PMID:21286559

Fitch, Maxwell

1982-01-01

292

Boston Private Industry Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1979 by a banker and education advocate, the Boston Private Industry Council's (PIC) Boston's Workforce Investment Board is a valuable program that pairs Boston businesses with Boston high school students to give the students valuable experience and jobs, while helping the businesses develop a skilled workforce. Visitors should definitely take a look at the "Research" tab to read about research on "Drop Out Studies", "Labor Market Studies", and "College Going Studies" that the PIC has produced with the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University. Under the "Programs" tab visitors can choose from career programs for youth, adults, and out-of-school youth (those who have not finished high school or finished without passing state requirements). Under the same tab, visitors will find the "Career Exploration for Youth" program provides career exploration programs including "Job Shadow Day", "Mock Interviews", and "Career Speakers".

293

Vortical and industrial interactions  

SciTech Connect

A vortex-dynamics-based model has been developed and used to study the importance of flame extinction by fluid dynamic strain that occurs in a pulse combustor. Results show that flame extinction by fluid dynamic stretch, which occurs during injection of the fresh charge, ensures the correct phase relation between the energy release and the resonant pressure wave. This phasing is required by Rayleigh`s criterion for stable combustion-driven oscillations. However, this model also showed that the vortex dynamics technique is not at a stage where design engineers can use it as a predictive tool, just as they would use experimental testing. This is in part because pulse combustor designs being developed today use three-dimensional geometries and complex operating conditions, whereas the vortex model simulates processes occurring only in the combustion chamber, and ignores the rest of the pulse combustor unit. Also, the model assumes two-dimensional flow, a simple combustor geometry, and premixed combustion. A successful in-house manufacturing design code must be able to perform a complete design study reliably, quickly and easily, and on computers that are readily available to industry. Instead, the insight gained from the vortex dynamics model is being incorporated into a computational tool to assist in pulse combustor design. This tool will be used by industrial engineers to design pulse combustors for specific applications. The design tool combines submodels for acoustics, injection and combustion, producing a pulse combustor model that dynamically couples the processes in the combustion chamber to the acoustic waves.

Barr, P.K. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Combustion Research Facility

1995-05-01

294

EPRI's Industrial Energy Management Program  

E-print Network

speed drives. In 1990, Process Industry Offices (PIO) were established to support key sectors of the industry. The Textile Office is located at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, pulp and paper activities are handled from the Atlanta..., and wood Materials Production-metals, glass, and mining/minerals processing Process Industries-food and agriculture, pulp and paper, textiles, chemicals, and petroleum Efforts in each sector include research, development, and commercialization...

Mergens, E.; Niday, L.

295

Defence industries adjusting to change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wulf, H. (ed), Arms Industry Limited, SIPRI, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993, pp. 415 (ISBN 0–19–829164–7).Sanderson, M. and Wilen, C., A Changing European Defence Industry, FOA Report, Swedish Defence Research Establishment, Stockholm, 1993, pp. 76 (ISSN 0281–0204).European Parliament, European Armaments Industry: Research Technological Development and Conversion, Final Report, DG for Research Directorate B, Luxembourg, 1993, pp. 111.Forsberg, R. (ed), The

Keith Hartley

1996-01-01

296

From Industrial to Ubiqitous Robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robotics is a very fast growing field especially in the last years. In the late seventies the first industrial applications\\u000a of stationary unintelligent industrial robots were realised. Begin of the 90‘s a new generation of mobile, intelligent, cooperative\\u000a robots grows up. This new generation opens new applications areas like in construction, in agriculture, in the food industry,\\u000a in the household,

Peter Kopacek

2009-01-01

297

Medical Device Industry Educatinon Cosortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Medical Device Industry Education Consortium (MDIEC) was formed to build a learning and innovation network to develop and deliver industry-endorsed solutions that address critical industry-defined technical education and training needs. St. Petersburg College (SPC) led a group of Eight Community Colleges and Fifteen Industry partners to co-found the consortium. A Department of Education (DOE) Grant funded the initial formation and curriculum development. SPC along with Anoka-Ramsey Community College in Minnesota and Edmonds Community College in Washington State was awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant to further MDIEC and develop curriculum in three critical training areas: quality systems, information management and clinical data management.

Sullivan, Michael

298

Industrial Applications of Image Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent advances in sensors quality and processing power provide us with excellent tools for designing more complex image processing and pattern recognition tasks. In this paper we review the existing applications of image processing and pattern recognition in industrial engineering. First we define the role of vision in an industrial. Then a dissemination of some image processing techniques, feature extraction, object recognition and industrial robotic guidance is presented. Moreover, examples of implementations of such techniques in industry are presented. Such implementations include automated visual inspection, process control, part identification, robots control. Finally, we present some conclusions regarding the investigated topics and directions for future investigation

Ciora, Radu Adrian; Simion, Carmen Mihaela

2014-11-01

299

Space industrialization studies - An overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of NASA's current planning for a space industrialization program is described as an introduction to the papers on Space Industrialization being presented by Rockwell International Corporation and Science Applications Incorporated. Background information is presented that outlines the integrated planning process which resulted in specific long range goals and objectives being formulated for NASA programs in technology, environment, resources, earth science, communications, space exploration, aeronautics, and an expanded application of space called space industrialization. Program objectives for NASA's Industrialization of Space and studies on potential near term supporting elements (Space Platform, Large Space Structures, Orbital Operations Capabilities Development, Space Manufacturing Module) are discussed.

Priest, C.; Bradford, R.

1977-01-01

300

General Industrial Electronics. Oklahoma Trade and Industrial Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, part of a series of curriculum guides dealing with industrial electricity and electronics, is designed for use in teaching a course in general industrial electronics. Covered in the first half of the guide are units on the following electronic components: semiconductors, solid-state diodes, bipolar transistors, and special…

Harwick, Jim; Siebert, Leo

301

Industrial Ecology Instructional Guide for the Industrial Arts Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The detailed guide was prepared to help industrial arts personnel direct their students in a unit on environmental education, specifically geared for the industrial arts laboratory, which employs the Maryland Plan for implementing the unit method of instruction. Guidelines for implementing the program are based on experience with pilot projects…

State Univ. of New York, Oswego. Coll. at Oswego. Dept. of Industrial Arts and Technology.

302

Office of Industry Research and Technology Programs Greetings to Industry  

E-print Network

IPs Summer 2013 Vol. 20 No. 1 John A. Schneider Assistant Vice President, Industry Research Geanie Umberger president of Purdue University. His experiences in politics (governor of Indiana) and industry (Eli Lilly, please contact John A. Schneider at jas@ purdue.edu, (765) 494-0743 or Geanie Umberger at gumberger

Ginzel, Matthew

303

The English Football Industry: profit, performance and industrial structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The English (Association) Football League is a long established industrial cartel selling a highly popular product with only imperfect substitutes. Despite that, the majority of its member clubs lose money and the industry has faced successive financial crises over the last decade. This paper develops an empirical model of the financial performance of English League clubs using a high quality

Stefan Szymanski; Ron Smith

1997-01-01

304

The emerging medical/industrial complex. The industrialization of medicine.  

PubMed

Until recently, the traditional practice of medicine has been thought of as a cottage industry practiced by individuals or small partnership groups. The transition of practice settings to large groups, multi-specialty groups, and corporations has paved the way to industrialization, with even larger health care organizations primarily managed by non-physicians. The similarities of these events to the industrial revolution and its impact on crafts guilds are striking. In order to understand this point of view, this article explores the function and influence of crafts guilds during stages of industrial development and the dynamics of the changes of employment needs and employability in an industrial environment as a comparison to what is happening in the health care field. PMID:10180498

Maloney, F P

1998-01-01

305

Tapping private industry.  

PubMed

Many firms throughout Japan and around the world have come to realize that family planning is good for employee morale and company profits. Japanese and Indian efforts prove that family planning programs not only bring welfare benefits to workers, but commercial advantages to businesses. Because workers' family welfare is closely linked to labor welfare and productivity, the trade union movement has started to become active in promoting family planning activities. Factory-based family planning programs have often cut pregnancy rates in half. Godrej Enterprises of India started promoting family planning in 1957; it provides a model of how family planning has been incorporated into a comprehensive employee welfare system in a factory complex on the outskirts of Bombay, where about 1/2 the workers live in high-rise apartments in the company township of Pirojsha Nagar. Similar programs are presented in India, Thailand, Indonesia, Jamaica, Guatemala, Colombia, Korea, and Turkey. Limiting family size enriches workers' lives and improves the quality of the workforce. The International Labor Organization, through its Workers' Education Program on Population, has played an important role in stimulating industrial sector interest in family planning throughout the world. PMID:12341236

Weerakoon, B

1986-12-01

306

Reparing the mask industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many semiconductor markets, the largest fraction of total lithography cost is photomask cost; therefore any improvements in that area can have a noticeable impact on net chip cost. A significant yield loss mechanism for advanced photomasks is through nonrepairable defects. Providing improved methods to repair defects allows for improvements in mask yield and, therefore, the cost to make a defect-free mask and eventually the cost to produce the integrated circuit. However, the connection between mask yield and integrated circuit price is not a first-order relationship because it bridges between the mask supplier and end-user. SEMATECH and other worldwide consortia have, in the past, bridged this gap by sponsoring programs to develop improved mask infrastructure tools. A significant investment has been made in mask repair tool technology, but the quantitative benefit and return on investment has not been summarized until now. This paper attempts to show the strong benefits to the photomask and semiconductor industries from improving mask repair.

Lercel, Michael; Hector, Scott

2006-10-01

307

Partnering Management in Manufacturing Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a review of principles and aims of partnering to improve quality and efficiency within the manufacturing industry. Partnering is used to carry out this research so that we can ascertain the features and issues that contribute to trust within the partnering arrangements. There are many other procurement routes available in manufacturing industries which are having different qualities

Ankit Agarwal; Kapil Garg; Anuraag Shahi

2012-01-01

308

Industry's Struggle for Skilled Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing shortage of skilled workers in industrial maintenance, the growing complexity of equipment, and the automation of production processes call for improved and increased employee training and retraining. A General Motors training supervisor notes how education and industry can cooperate to provide this education and training. (MF)

Barker, Don

1979-01-01

309

Security for Industrial Communication Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern industrial communication networks are increasingly based on open protocols and platforms that are also used in the office IT and Internet environment. This reuse facilitates development and deployment of highly connected systems, but also makes the communication system vulnerable to electronic attacks. This paper gives an overview of IT security issues in industrial automation systems which are based on

DACFEY DZUNG; MARTIN NAEDELE; THOMAS P. VON HOFF; MARIO CREVATIN

2005-01-01

310

Discrimination in the oil industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporations operating in the oil industry have faced several million dollar lawsuits and settlements over discriminatory practices. These settlements further substantiate a negative perception surrounding the industry as being male-dominated and often referred to as having a “macho” corporate culture. This article addresses this perception by research of federal laws governing discrimination practices, court case decisions, and actual employment composition

Stacey Osborn; Brian H. Kleiner

2005-01-01

311

The Industrial Revolution: A Misnomer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the British industrial revolution was in no sense inevitable and scarcely deserves the term "revolution." Examined are the characteristics which the British shared with other Europeans and ways in which they were distinctive that enabled them to become the first industrial nation. (RM)

Cameron, Rondo

1982-01-01

312

1997 Census of Construction Industries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New reports to be included in the 1997 Census of Construction Industries are posted at this EC97C Industry Series page. Currently, the Masonry and Stone Contractors and Electrical Contractors reports are present with state and regional-level data.

313

Industry Studies Program: Clipping Service.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Industry Studies Program at Boston University has compiled a collection of news clippings relating to industrial organization. The clippings, obtained from public news sources such as the New York Times and CNN, cover topics such as antitrust, health, telecommunications and finance.

Yi, Rong.

314

Is Industrial Advertising Still Sexist  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of sexism in advertising has been dissected for more than 30 years in the consumer advertising arena. Yet, a relative dearth of knowledge exists concerning perceived sexism in industrial advertising. More and more women are joining the professional ranks. Their perceptions of gender role portrayals in industrial advertising is of high importance to marketing strategists concerned with not

Michael S. LaTour; Tony L. Henthorne Alvin J. Williams

1998-01-01

315

Automation; The New Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Automation is a word that describes the workings of computers and the innovations of automatic transfer machines in the factory. As the hallmark of the new industrial revolution, computers displace workers and create a need for new skills and retraining programs. With improved communication between industry and the educational community to…

Arnstein, George E.

316

The Industrial Revolution in America  

Microsoft Academic Search

(Note: The official, up-to-date version of the course syllabus is posted on Blackboard.) In the century after the adoption of the federal Constitution, the United States developed from an overwhelming agrarian society into the world' s leading industrial power. This course examines industrialization as, variously, an economic, technological, political, environmental, and cultural process that transformed both the nation's social order

Gary J. Kornblith

317

Industry Invests in Research Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities and industry are forging new relationships to support academic research and industrial research and development, including the establishment of university/cooperative research centers. Discusses various cooperative projects at these research centers. Includes a list of representative R&D centers in biotechnology, building…

Ploch, Margie

1983-01-01

318

Job Prospects for Industrial Engineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the impetus on how to improve productivity in companies, the demand for graduating industrial engineers continues to be strong from a variety of sources. Starting salary offers for graduates have been averaging $26,784. Enrollments in industrial engineering programs are increasing (with 3,923 graduates in 1984). (JN)

Basta, Nicholas

1986-01-01

319

Revised Industry Projections to 1985  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revised Bureau of Labor Statistics projections, which reflect assumptions about unemployment, labor productivity, and government taxes and spending, provide information about long-term trends of industry output and employment. One projection made is that health services and computer-related industries will continue to be the leaders in job growth.…

Mooney, Thomas J.; Tschetter, John H.

1976-01-01

320

Industrial Organization: A European Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial Organization: A European Perspective presents a clearly explained and stimulating introduction to the basic theoretical models of industrial economics (including perfect competition, monopoly, Bertrand and Cournot competition) and to the most relevant topics in the field, including collusion, dominance, innovation, and international trade. The book contains up to date and accessible discussions of the determinants of firm structure (asset

Stephen Martin

2001-01-01

321

Industrial location and public infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of public infrastructure on industrial location when increasing returns are present. Trade integration implies that firms tend to locate in countries with better domestic infrastructure. High levels of international infrastructure and strong returns to scale magnify industrial relocation due to differentials in domestic infrastructure or capital endowments. Regional policies which finance domestic infrastructure in a

Philippe Martin; Carol Ann Rogers

1995-01-01

322

Índice mixto de producción industrial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Para los interesados en estudios históricos sobre la economía chilena, la evolución de la producción industrial es una variable fundamental. Ello se debe a la importancia que tiene el sector industrial manufacturero, ya sea por su alto aporte al producto nacional, su potencial de generación de empleo, su encadenamiento con otras actividades, su relación con el avance tecnológico. etc. Este

Andras Uthoff

323

Industrial applications of immobilized biocatalysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The isomerization of glucose to fructose, the production of amino acids, and the hydrolysis of penicillins to 6-aminopenicillanic acid are some examples of the industrial processes, based on immobilized biocatalysts, that are operative at present. These and other processes utilized in the food and the pharmaceutical industries, as well as a number of potentially useful immobilized biocatalysts, which have been

P. Brodelius

324

Industrial biocatalysis today and tomorrow  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of biocatalysis for industrial synthetic chemistry is on the verge of significant growth. Biocatalytic processes can now be carried out in organic solvents as well as aqueous environments, so that apolar organic compounds as well as water-soluble compounds can be modified selectively and efficiently with enzymes and biocatalytically active cells. As the use of biocatalysis for industrial chemical

A. Schmid; J. S. Dordick; B. Hauer; A. Kiener; M. Wubbolts; B. Witholt

2001-01-01

325

Policies on Japan's Space Industry  

E-print Network

on the Basic Space Law legislated in 2008. 1. The government sets space policy as a national strategy as a strategic industry Practical space use in National Security Diplomacy ...etc Policy Administrative Structure the space industry plays an important role in Japan's national space program, METI initiated a policy

326

Biotechnology and the Food Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional and novel uses of enzymes and microbes in the baking, brewing, and dairy industries are described. Cheese, yogurt, baking, brewing, vinegar, soy sauce, single-cell proteins, enzymes, food modification, vanilla, citric acid, monosodium glutamate, xanthan gum, aspartame, and cochineal are discussed. Industrial links with firms involved…

Henderson, Jenny; And Others

1991-01-01

327

Accreditation of Industrial Engineering Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guidelines used in the accreditation of industrial engineering programs are discussed. Changes that have taken place in engineering curriculum are described, along with the philosophy of educators in formulating industrial engineering program requirements in the areas of faculty, facilities, curriculum, administration, and scholastic work.…

Brooks, George H.

328

Marketing computational intelligence in industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper gives guidelines for a systematic marketing approach for promoting computational intelligence in industry. The proposed research marketing strategy includes three key steps. The first step identifies the target market (industry, government, or academia). The second step defines and protects the product. The third step implements the promotional strategy by publishing, conference presentations, and technical and business advertising. Different

Arthur K. Kordon

2010-01-01

329

GEOPOLITICS OF THE SATELLITE INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper situates the international satellite industry within three lines of contemporary geographic thought. Second, it reviews the industry's Cold War origins. Third, it explains changing international regulatory structures of satellites, particularly Intelsat, which control access to and use of the technology. Fourth, it summarises the changing role of satellites in the post-Cold War era, including the impacts of deregulation,

BARNEY WARF

2007-01-01

330

Industrial Use of Infrared Inspections  

E-print Network

, but in the final analysis it comes down to the fact that the industrial management responsible for the operations and production budgets did not, and in many cases, still does not understand the economic benefits to the company that infrared industrial inspections...

Duch, A. A.

1979-01-01

331

A snapshot of the European energy service market in 2010 and policy recommendations to foster a further market development  

Microsoft Academic Search

As of 2010, the energy service market in Europe is still far from utilising its full potential. Wide-scale peer-reviewed studies investigating the development and up-to-date status of the European ESCo market are scarce. This article presents a comprehensive insight of the European ESCo industry based on the results from a large-scale survey carried out 2009–2010 in 39 European countries. The

Angelica Marino; Paolo Bertoldi; Silvia Rezessy; Benigna Boza-Kiss

2011-01-01

332

Industrial waste management in Japan  

SciTech Connect

Systematic management for industrial waste in Japan has been carried out based on the Waste Disposal and Public Cleansing Law which was enacted in 1970. The law and its ordinances designate 19 kinds of waste materials discharged from business activities as industrial waste and prescribe the generator's responsibility, requirements for treatment contractors, standards for consignment, specific personnel, etc. from the view of proper management. And they also prescribe disposal standards, structure, and maintenance standards for treatment facilities, including final disposal sites, from the view of proper treatment and disposal. The Standard for Verification provides criteria to categorize as hazardous or nonhazardous industrial waste which is subjected to treatment and disposal in conformity with each standard. The fundamental policies to cope with industrial waste focus on reduction of generation, promotion of recycling, establishment of a comprehensive information management system and participation of the public which can contribute well to prevent environmental pollution caused by inappropriate management of industrial waste.

Hirota, Y.

1986-12-01

333

Geometric Modeling and Industrial Geometry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geometric Modeling and Industrial Geometry group is part of the Institute of Discrete Mathematics and Geometry at the Vienna University of Technology. The group's goal is "to bridge the gap between academic and industrial research in geometry" by "performing application oriented fundamental research and industrial research closely connected to geometry." Its work currently emphasizes the recognition, inspection, manipulation, and design of geometric shapes. Short descriptions of the group's work and some articles are available on the academic research, covering topics such as Computational Line Geometry, Laguerre Geometry, approximation in the space of planes, the isophotic metric, and swept volumes. Visitors can also read about the group's industrial research on 3-D Computer Vision, reverse Engineering, and Industrial Inspection. The Application Areas section includes more articles and provides actual data from some of the objects it has scanned along with the resulting 3-D images.

334

AVLIS industrial access program  

SciTech Connect

This document deals with the procurements planned for the construction of an Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) production plant. Several large-scale AVLIS facilities have already been built and tested; a full-scale engineering demonstration facility is currently under construction. The experience gained from these projects provides the procurement basis for the production plant construction and operation. In this document, the status of the AVLIS process procurement is presented from two viewpoints. The AVLIS Production Plant Work Breakdown Structure is referenced at the level of the items to be procured. The availability of suppliers for the items at this level is discussed. In addition, the work that will result from the AVLIS enrichment plant project is broken down by general procurement categories (construction, mechanical equipment, etc.) and the current AVLIS suppliers are listed according to these categories. A large number of companies in all categories are currently providing AVLIS equipment for the Full-Scale Demonstration Facility in Livermore, California. These companies form an existing and expanding supplier network for the AVLIS program. Finally, this document examines the relationship between the AVLIS construction project/operational facility and established commercial suppliers. The goal is to utilize existing industrial capability to meet the needs of the project in a competitive procurement situation. As a result, costs and procurement risks are both reduced because the products provided come from within the AVLIS suppliers' experience base. At the same time, suppliers can benefit by the potential to participate in AVLIS technology spin-off markets. 35 figures.

Not Available

1984-11-15

335

Uranium industry annual 1993  

SciTech Connect

Uranium production in the United States has declined dramatically from a peak of 43.7 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (16.8 thousand metric tons uranium (U)) in 1980 to 3.1 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (1.2 thousand metric tons U) in 1993. This decline is attributed to the world uranium market experiencing oversupply and intense competition. Large inventories of uranium accumulated when optimistic forecasts for growth in nuclear power generation were not realized. The other factor which is affecting U.S. uranium production is that some other countries, notably Australia and Canada, possess higher quality uranium reserves that can be mined at lower costs than those of the United States. Realizing its competitive advantage, Canada was the world`s largest producer in 1993 with an output of 23.9 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (9.2 thousand metric tons U). The U.S. uranium industry, responding to over a decade of declining market prices, has downsized and adopted less costly and more efficient production methods. The main result has been a suspension of production from conventional mines and mills. Since mid-1992, only nonconventional production facilities, chiefly in situ leach (ISL) mining and byproduct recovery, have operated in the United States. In contrast, nonconventional sources provided only 13 percent of the uranium produced in 1980. ISL mining has developed into the most cost efficient and environmentally acceptable method for producing uranium in the United States. The process, also known as solution mining, differs from conventional mining in that solutions are used to recover uranium from the ground without excavating the ore and generating associated solid waste. This article describes the current ISL Yang technology and its regulatory approval process, and provides an analysis of the factors favoring ISL mining over conventional methods in a declining uranium market.

Not Available

1994-09-01

336

Dental Erosion in Industry  

PubMed Central

Five hundred and fifty-five acid workers were examined between March 1962 and October 1964. One hundred and seventy-six (31·7%) were affected by industrial dental erosion at the first examinations. In 33 cases (6·0%) the dentine was affected. During the period of the survey, 66 (20·4%) of 324 workers examined more than once showed evidence that erosion was progressing. The prevalence and incidence of erosion were highest among battery formation workers, lower among picklers, and least among other processes covered by the survey. The age of workers did not appear to influence their susceptibility to erosion. The habit of working with the lips slightly parted had little effect. Erosion superimposed upon attrition predisposed to more severe loss of tooth structure than either operating alone. Little inconvenience or functional disability was suffered by acid workers due to erosion. Twenty-seven (23·7%) of 114 erosions were considered to be disfiguring. Regular dental treatment was sought less by acid workers than by controls, and the oral hygiene of the latter was superior. There was no evidence to show any difference between caries experience among acid workers and controls. Calculus and periodontal disease were more prevalent among acid workers than among controls, but it was not possible to attribute this to the working environment. Black staining in iron picklers was considered to be due to the working environment. The use of closed acid containers or lip extraction on open acid vats prevented significant atmospheric contamination and diminished the prevalence of erosion. The use of wall fans and detergent foaming agents was helpful. Images PMID:5723349

Cate, H. J. Ten Bruggen

1968-01-01

337

To capture an emerging industry: using industrial standards to identify the biotech industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standard industrial classification systems are the cornerstone of quantitative research in several fields. Data collected and coded on the basis of such systems often provide the most complete and accessible material with which to investigate, quantify and map the industrial landscape, and understand the economy at large. However, as relatively static classifications, they present researchers attempting to capture new, emerging

Anders Waxell

2009-01-01

338

Mask industry assessment trend analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name the cost and cycle time of mask technology and mask supply as top critical issues. A survey was created with support from SEMATECH and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. This year's survey data were presented in detail at BACUS and the detailed trend analysis presented at EMLC. The survey is designed with the input of semiconductor company mask technologists, merchant mask suppliers, and industry equipment makers. This year's assessment is the sixth in the current series of annual reports. With continued industry support, the report can be used as a baseline to gain perspective on the technical and business status of the mask and microelectronics industries. The report will continue to serve as a valuable reference to identify the strengths and opportunities of the mask industry. The results will be used to guide future investments on critical path issues. This year's survey is basically the same as the 2005 and 2006 surveys. Questions are grouped into eight categories: General Business Profile Information, Data Processing, Yields and Yield Loss, Mechanisms, Delivery Times, Returns and Services, Operating Cost Factors, and Equipment Utilization. Within each category is a multitude of questions that creates a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the critical mask industry. Note: the questions covering operating cost factors and equipment utilization were added to the survey only in 2005; therefore, meaningful trend analysis is not available.

Shelden, Gilbert; Marmillion, Patricia; Hughes, Greg

2008-04-01

339

Causes for Retail Industry Globalization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The heading of this article itself pushing me to think why retail industry is globalizing! Because to increase their presence worldwide and profit on the onside and for the sake of ìname and fameî in industry is other side, but todayís trend and compitetitation force industrial giants to forget the word ìname and fameî globalization is the only strategy to compensate their market share or profit from one country to another country or domestic market. The presence of retail industry in the global level from centuries, but the global recognaization of retail industry came to limelight only two decades ago. As soon as restrictions are removed in this sector, all the retail industry big giants spread across the world to extend their operations especially in emerging markets. Is this a good sign for retailers? Off course it is good sign for some countries and some countries are stick to their own perceptions. Some of the countries welcome this move because the FDI will improve their economic structure. On the other side employment opportunity is also one of the issues in globalization of retail sector. Because retail industry needs huge workforce, so significance of retail has been undoubted.

Jagadeesha, M.

2012-12-01

340

European Route of Industrial Heritage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH) was started in 2003, and it quickly gained the cooperation of the three countries (Belgium, Great Britain and Germany) that were the heart of the Industrial Revolution. The ERIH brought together non-profits, academic institutions, and tourism organizations with the goal to "protect Europe's industrial heritage sites and use their preservation as a motor for the development of regions that are often suffering from economic decline." Visitors will enjoy the thoroughness of the ERIH's website, which offers an "Industrial History" of Europe. The links on the left hand menu for "Route System", "Anchor Points", "Regional Routes" and "European Theme Routes" offer different ways for visitors to view the industrial revolution, whether by the types of products produced or the size of their contribution to the industrial revolution. Each section has a map associated with it as well. Finally, the "Photo Gallery" links to photos of many of the industrial sites on the above routes, so visitors can see the beauty and uniqueness of these factories that forever changed how various goods were made.

341

Causality and the First Industrial Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence, timing and possible causes of the British industrial revolution are considered by investigating the time series properties of industrial production and various explanatory variables. Utilizing co-integration-based causality tests, this paper argues that domestic forces, notably population, real wages and technological progress, shaped the industrial revolution, whereas overseas trade expansion was a consequence of industrial growth. The first industrial

David Greasley; Les Oxley

1998-01-01

342

Robotization in the Japanese automotive industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the robotization of the Japanese automotive industry. The automotive industry is still the major segment of the industrial robot market in Japan. At the moment, however, annual shipments of industrial robots to the industry are at only 60 per cent of the peak in 1991. This reflects the struggling Japanese economy and low capital investment in domestic car production.

Yoshihiro Kusuda

1999-01-01

343

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES Industrial and Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES Industrial and Systems Engineering The Bachelor's Degree in Industrial, consulting at amusement parks, analyzing systems, and beyond. SYSTEMS ScIENcE AND INDUSTRIAl ENGINEERING of Engineering in Industrial Engineering (MEng IE) equips graduates to be effective in industry and provides

Suzuki, Masatsugu

344

The industrial ecology of the iron casting industry  

E-print Network

Metal casting is an energy and materials intensive manufacturing process, which is an important U.S. industry. This study analyzes iron casting, in particular, for possible improvements that will result in greater efficiencies ...

Jones, Alissa J. (Alissa Jean)

2007-01-01

345

Posted 3/2/13 Medline Industries Industrial Engineer  

E-print Network

-working, detail-oriented professional with experience in industrial engineering and lean manufacturing within objectives. Support, promote, and teach the lean manufacturing philosophy by leading Kaizen events productivity ( I.E. warehouse, manufacturing, reorder buying and production control ) Manage engineering

Heller, Barbara

346

Technical change in US industry: A cross-industry analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The nature of the public policies which have influenced the pace and pattern of technical progress in a number of American industries is studied with the view of assessing the broad effects of these policies. The industries studied are agriculture, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, computers, civil aircraft, automobiles and residential construction. The policies considered include research and development funding as well as government procurement, education, information dissemination, patent protection, licensing, regulations, and anti-trust policies.

Nelson, R. R. (editor)

1981-01-01

347

Innovative New Industrial Technologies: An Industry/DOE Joint Endeavor  

E-print Network

(Reference 4). According to Department of Commerce figures, 45% of our textiles machin ery is coming from overseas. In the food industry it's 30%, and in the steel industry it's 25% (Reference 5). The trends indicate the situation is rapidly worsening... sponsoring long-range work in amorphous metal lic coatings, including alloy definition, de position procedure and economic feasibility. In another project, alternative approaches to the dry application of textile chemicals are 494 under development...

Gross, T. J.

348

Industrial processes influenced by gravity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In considering new directions for low gravity research with particular regard to broadening the number and types of industrial involvements, it is noted that transport phenomena play a vital role in diverse processes in the chemical, pharmaceutical, food, and biotech industries. Relatively little attention has been given to the role of gravity in such processes. Accordingly, numerous industrial processes and phenomena are identified which involve gravity and/or surface tension forces. Phase separations and mixing are examples that will be significantly different in low gravity conditions. A basis is presented for expanding the scope of the low gravity research program and the potential benefits of such research is indicated.

Ostrach, Simon

1988-01-01

349

ICT Industry and Employment Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page, from the Mid-Pacific Information and Communications Technology Center, provides some general background information on the ICT industry and employment. The main purpose of this webpage is to highlight research undertaken by the Mid-Pacific ICT Center on the industry's role in the larger picture of employment in the United States. Links to 2009's Phase 1 Environmental Scan and 2010's ICT Industry and Employment outlook are included, along with information about a current study on the ICT employment and education framework.

350

Coexistence Possibility of Biomass Industries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research aims to shed light on the mechanism of agricultural biomass material competition between the power generation and straw pulp industries and the impact on their coexistence. A two-stage game model is established to analyze including factors such as unit transportation cost, and profit spaces for the firms. The participants in the competition are a biomass supplier, a power plant and a straw pulp plant. From the industrial economics perspective, our analysis shows that raw material competition will bring about low coexistence possibility of the two industries based on agricultural residues in a circular collection area.

Jingchun, Sun; Junhu, Hou

351

Ocean industry facts and forecasts  

SciTech Connect

Facts and forecasts relating to the offshore industry outlook are presented. Trends are discussed in geophysics, drilling, marine transportation, helicopters, shipyards, underwater work, platforms, mooring terminals, subsea completions, and pipeline construction. An optimistic forecast for all sectors of offshore industry is presented based on the growing demand for oil and gas supplies, record high prices, favorable political changes, available leases of offshore acres and concessions, the entrance of third world countries into the petroleum industry, and the possible yield of exploration in frontier areas.

Not Available

1980-10-01

352

European Industrial Relations Observatory Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Industrial Relations Observatory Online (EIROnline) was developed by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, an autonomous body created by the European Community. The aim of the site is to "initiate, collect, store, disseminate and provide access to information and analysis on developments in industrial relations" in the 15 European Union member states and Norway. Visitors will find the latest industrial relations news and feature articles arranged by country. There is also a bimonthly publication called the EIRObserver summarizing the news and items over the past two months.

353

Industrial Assessment Center Program  

SciTech Connect

Over the five-year period (2002-2006) the Oklahoma State University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) performed energy assessments for 106 different clients, writing 835 recommendations, for a total of $23,937,099 in potential estimated annual savings. IAC clients served consisted of small and medium-sized manufacturers ranging from food manufactures to foundries. The OSU IAC served clients in Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas. In addition to client service, student training and instruction was a major accomplishment. The OSU IAC employed (and trained) 12 baccalaureate-level students, 17 masters-level graduate students, and 7 doctoral-level graduate students. Most are practicing in the energy management area. Training was focused on both energy assessment and safety. Safety training was both center-based training as well as on-site training. Energy management related training was focused on classroom (for academic credit) work at both the undergraduate and graduate level. IEM 4923 (Energy and Water Management) was developed to serve both the IAC as well as non-IAC students. It was delivered once per year, with enrollments of typically 10 to 20 students. This course was required for IAC student employees, both undergraduate and graduate. This course was patterned after the AEE CEM (five-day) course for practicing professionals. IEM 4923 required each student to attend at least one on-site assessment and write at least one recommendation for their client’s report. Hence, a hands-on approach was practiced. Advance level courses were used to train graduate students. Two courses played major roles here: IEM 5923 (Advanced Energy and Water Management) and IEM 5943 (Hazardous Material and Waste). Graduate student participation in these courses helped the IAC to gain additional perspectives in on-site assessment and resulting recommendations. Numerous hands-on demonstration/training was conducted by directors and graduate students in order to gain proficiency in using the combustion analyzer, IR camera, logging equipment, light metering equipment, and other equipment. Instruction included usage and basic maintenance. While undergraduate students worked with the coursework and on-the-job training, graduate students were expected to do more. A typical MS student was required to complete a 3-hour independent study in some interesting facet of energy management under the supervision of a director. PhD students were expected to complete from three to six hours of independent study work in the energy management field, as well as center their dissertation research in the general area of energy/productivity/quality management. During the project period, two PhDs were completed, with several more near completion.

Kolarik, William J.

2007-02-26

354

CALIFORNIA ENERGY PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT (PIIRA) PROGRAM REPORTING PETROLEUM AND NON-PETROLEUM ................................................... 40 PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Major Petroleum Product Storer and Terminal Weekly Report Major petroleum product storers, terminal

355

Outlook for Industrial Energy Benchmarking  

E-print Network

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is exploring options to sponsor an industrial energy efficiency benchmarking study to identify facility specific, cost-effective best practices and technologies. Such a study could help develop a common...

Hartley, Z.

356

Campus/Industry Joint Ventures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opportunities for joint economic ventures of colleges and industry are discussed, and a variety of ventures undertaken by Duke University are outlined, including a health club, hotel, and office building. Tax and financing considerations are noted. (MSE)

McDonald, Eugene J.

1985-01-01

357

Industrial Applications of Artificial Intelligence  

E-print Network

Industrial Applications of Artificial Intelligence 301 Mark S. Fox Intelligent Systems Laboratory and future applicationsof Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Knowledge-Based systems to manufactur- ing is taking a systemic view of manufacturing. Keywords: Artificial Intelligence and Manufacturing, Knowl- edge

Fox, Mark S.

358

Some codes used industrial applications  

E-print Network

Some codes used in industrial applications #12;Code « minitel » · Low error rate, but error burst800 - 8 bits) ­ Critical data: GSE (General Science&Engineering) · Measures · Control · GSE data

Pernet, Clément

359

Biochemical Engineering and Industrial Biotechnology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the biochemical engineering and industrial biotechnology programs of the University of Waterloo (Ontario, Canada). Provides descriptions of graduate courses, along with a sample of current research activities. Includes a discussion of the programs' mechanisms for technology transfer. (TW)

Moo-Young, Murray

1986-01-01

360

Explosion safety in industrial electrostatics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complicated industrial systems are often endangered by electrostatic hazards, both from atmospheric (lightning phenomenon, primary and secondary lightning protection) and industrial (technological problems caused by static charging and fire and explosion hazards.) According to the classical approach protective methods have to be used in order to remove electrostatic charging and to avoid damages, however no attempt to compute the risk before and after applying the protective method is made, relying instead on well-educated and practiced expertise. The Budapest School of Electrostatics - in close cooperation with industrial partners - develops new suitable solutions for probability based decision support (Static Control Up-to-date Technology, SCOUT) using soft computing methods. This new approach can be used to assess and audit existing systems and - using the predictive power of the models - to design and plan activities in industrial electrostatics.

Szabó, S. V.; Kiss, I.; Berta, I.

2011-01-01

361

Interviewing in Industry vs. Academia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the EB 2006 Careers Symposium - Navigating the Interview: How to Make it Work for You a recorded presentation on how the different cultures of academia and industry influence the interview process.

PhD Richard Klabunde (Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine)

2006-04-07

362

Interviewing in Industry vs. Academia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the EB 2006 Careers Symposium - Navigating the Interview: How to Make it Work for You a powerpoint presentation file on how the different cultures of academia and industry influence the interview process.

PhD Richard Klabunde (Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine)

2006-04-07

363

OXIDATIVE TREATMENT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper defines industrial waste treatment process as falling into categories of oxidative destruction, reductive destruction, and non-destructive, separation operations. The various oxidative approaches, including biological, chemical and thermal methods, are then discussed i...

364

The steam engine and industrialization  

E-print Network

Simon Schaffer in York Rail Museum talks to the camera about the relationship between the steam engine and industrialization and whatsteam meant; a regular supply of moving power for workshops and factories....

Dugan, David

2004-08-17

365

Florida Citrus Industry Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What's so special about oranges? They are a major cash crop for Florida and other warm weather places, and this fascinating oral history project from the University of South Florida (USF) explores the very nature of this industry. Working together with the USF's Patel Center for Global Studies, oral historian William Mansfield conducted 20 interviews regarding the impact of globalization on the Florida citrus industry. Visitors can listen to or read the interviews, as well as look over the online exhibition, "Selling Sunshine: Florida's Citrus Industry." The exhibition details Florida's unique relationship with the citrus industry, incorporating documents, promotional material, and post cards with its information. The website hosts a remarkable collection that will be of interest to oral historians, folks with an interest in Florida, and many others.

366

Inverse Problems and Industrial Mathematics  

E-print Network

and Industrial Mathematics 7 MathConsult GmbH dead man holes tap zone cohesive tuyeres liquid slag liquid iron softening / melting of ore starts hot blast air inlet removal of liquid iron and slag direct reduction of Fe

Fulmek, Markus

367

Collaboration With the Pharmaceutical Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A powerpoint presentation file from the EB 2007 Careers Symposium - Guide for Successful Collaboration: From the Handshake to the Collaborative Research Agreement a presentation on the why, what, and how of industry collaborations.

PhD Stephen A Douglas (GlaxoSmithKline)

2007-04-07

368

Collaboration With the Pharmaceutical Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A recorded presentation from the EB 2007 Careers Symposium - Guide for Successful Collaboration: From the Handshake to the Collaborative Research Agreement a presentation on the why, what, and how of industry collaborations.

PhD Stephen A Douglas (GlaxoSmithKline)

2007-04-07

369

Industrial Robots on the Line.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the history of robotics and its effects upon the manufacturing industry. Topics include robots' capabilities and limitations, the factory of the future, displacement of the workforce, and implications for management and labor. (SK)

Ayres, Robert; Miller, Steve

1982-01-01

370

Limiting Reactants: Industrial Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An exercise in which students apply limiting reactants, mass ratios and percent yields to suggest an optimum industrial process. Cost figures are provided but students are told to come up with, and defend, their own criteria for their recommendation.

Dave Blackburn

371

Accountability of the pharmaceutical industry.  

PubMed

The pharmaceutical industry is accountable on the one hand to its shareholders and on the other to the community at large. These two obligations can, in principle, be met. However, the industry has developed practices that do not consider society, including excessive or inappropriate pricing of drugs, an indifference to the needs and limitations of the developing world, an imbalance between true innovation and promotional activity, interference with clinical investigations, and efforts to mould medical thinking and priorities as a means to enlarge the market. In such respects, the pharmaceutical industry must now be called to order. The industry has shown itself to be sufficiently resilient to adapt to change if society insists on it. However, to influence multinational corporations effectively, the efforts of governments will have to be complemented by others, notably the many voluntary organisations that have shown they can effectively represent society's public-health interests. PMID:12457804

Dukes, M N Graham

2002-11-23

372

Production Methods in Industrial Microbiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares two methods (batch and continuous) in which microorganisms are used to produce industrial chemicals. Describes batch and continuous stirred-tank reactors and offers reasons why the batch method may be preferred. (JN)

Gaden, Elmer L., Jr.

1981-01-01

373

INDUSTRIAL USE OF STORMWATER: A CASE STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents a cost analysis of stormwater reclamation for industrial subportable water supply, including industrial cooling and process, irrigation, and recreational water supply. As population and industry grow, water demand increases and water supply becomes more o...

374

Heat Recovery in the Forge Industry  

E-print Network

Department of Energy figures reveal that in 1979 the forging and stamping operations were the primary consumers of energy (27%) within the 'Fabricated Metals Products Industry' (SIC 34). Industrial furnaces utilized by the forging industry often...

Shingledecker, R. B.

1982-01-01

375

Waste Management Trends in Texas Industrial Plants  

E-print Network

The Industrial Assessment Center at Texas A&M University has performed several waste and energy minimization surveys in small- and medium- sized industrial manufacturing plants in Texas. During these surveys, Industrial Assessment Center personnel...

Smith, C. S.; Heffington, W. M.

376

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 2011/2012 September).................1 REQUIREMENTS FOR A MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH (30).....................................................................................................2 DUAL MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (72 CREDITS

Mountziaris, T. J.

377

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 2013/2014 September..............................3 C. COURSE REQUIREMENTS FOR A MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS............................4 E. DUAL MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

378

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 2009/2010 September).................1 . REQUIREMENTS FOR A MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (30 CREDITS)...............1 DUAL MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (72 CREDITS

Mountziaris, T. J.

379

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

GRADUATE STUDENT INFORMATION MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 2010/2011 September).................1 . REQUIREMENTS FOR A MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH)...................................................................................................1 DUAL MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (72 CREDITS

Mountziaris, T. J.

380

49 CFR 173.411 - Industrial packages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Type IP-2), and Industrial Package Type 3 (Type IP-3). (b) Industrial package certification...each offeror of an industrial package must maintain...documentation of tests and an engineering evaluation or...

2014-10-01

381

The Industrial Potential of Biotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter addresses the problem of new industry formation in general — using competence bloc analysis (G. Eliasson and\\u000a Ä. Eliasson 1996) — and the industrial potential of biotechnology in particular. Is biotechnology one of the gateways to the\\u000a new economy? This problem is large — to say the least — and incorporates a whole range of sub-themes, linking science

Gunnar Eliasson

382

Industrial Beamline Technologies And Approaches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes industrial charged particle beamline technologies and design approaches. Beamlines accommodate myriad constraints in the radioisotope production, electron beam processing, and ion implantation market segments, and some very strange yet interesting solutions result. In this paper, a detailed look at a particular injection beamline solution gives some sense of the complexity of research and development required, and the sophistication of the beamline solutions that are utilized. A brief review of beamline applications in each industrial segment follows.

Dehnel, M. P.

2011-06-01

383

Mask industry assessment trend analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microelectronics industry leaders routinely name mask cost and cycle time as top issues of concern. In 2002, a survey was created with support from SEMATECH and administered by SEMI North America to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. The survey is designed with the input of mask technologists from semiconductor manufacturers, merchant mask suppliers, and makers of mask equipment. The 2005 survey was the fourth in the current series of annual surveys. The survey data can be used as a baseline for the mask industry and the microelectronics industry to gain a perspective on the technical and business status of the mask industry. The results may be used to guide future investments on critical path issues. Questions are grouped into categories: general business profile information, data processing, yields and yield loss mechanisms, delivery times, returns and services, operating cost factors, and equipment utilization. Because the questions covering operating cost factors and equipment utilization were just added to the survey, no trend analysis is possible. Within each category are many questions that together create a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the mask industry. The assessment participation has changed from year to year. The 2005 survey, for example, includes inputs from eight major global merchant and captive mask manufacturers whose revenue represents approximately 85% of the global mask market.

Shelden, Gilbert; Hector, Scott; Marmillion, Pat; Lercel, Michael

2006-06-01

384

The Evolution of a Creative Industry : The industrial dynamics and spatial evolution of the global fashion design industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent growth of creative industries has raised the interest of both policy makers and academic scholars. However, we know very little about the forces that drive the development and geography of these industries. This dissertation provides an in-depth study of the industrial dynamics and spatial evolution of the global fashion design industry as a prime example of a creative

R. Wenting

2008-01-01

385

Systems Biology of Industrial Microorganisms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of industrial biotechnology is expanding rapidly as the chemical industry is looking towards more sustainable production of chemicals that can be used as fuels or building blocks for production of solvents and materials. In connection with the development of sustainable bioprocesses, it is a major challenge to design and develop efficient cell factories that can ensure cost efficient conversion of the raw material into the chemical of interest. This is achieved through metabolic engineering, where the metabolism of the cell factory is engineered such that there is an efficient conversion of sugars, the typical raw materials in the fermentation industry, into the desired product. However, engineering of cellular metabolism is often challenging due to the complex regulation that has evolved in connection with adaptation of the different microorganisms to their ecological niches. In order to map these regulatory structures and further de-regulate them, as well as identify ingenious metabolic engineering strategies that full-fill mass balance constraints, tools from systems biology can be applied. This involves both high-throughput analysis tools like transcriptome, proteome and metabolome analysis, as well as the use of mathematical modeling to simulate the phenotypes resulting from the different metabolic engineering strategies. It is in fact expected that systems biology may substantially improve the process of cell factory development, and we therefore propose the term Industrial Systems Biology for how systems biology will enhance the development of industrial biotechnology for sustainable chemical production.

Papini, Marta; Salazar, Margarita; Nielsen, Jens

386

Eco-industrial parks: stimulating sustainable development in mixed industrial parks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In several industrialised countries, there have occurred initiatives to establish eco-industrial parks. Originally, these were mainly based upon the exchange of resources between heavy industries in industrial complexes. These initiatives are generally referred to with the concepts of industrial symbiosis and eco-industrial parks. Since then, the concept of eco-industrial parks has been extended to another relevant type of industrial park,

A. J. D Lambert; F. A Boons

2002-01-01

387

Women in the Hotel and Catering Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the employment of women in the hotel and catering industry indicated that the industry employs nearly 17 percent of the entire paid female work force in the United Kingdom. Women constitute 75 percent of the industry's work force, and 47 percent of its managers are women. Women's position in the industry is characterized by their…

Hotel and Catering Training Board, Wembley (England).

388

Concurrent Engineering in the Construction Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The construction industry has been suffering from low productivity and poor performance In an attempt to improve its performance, industry practitioners and researchers have looked at the manufacturing industry as a point of reference and a source of innovation Conse quently, the industry has acquired and adapted the Concurrent Engineering (CE) approach to manufacturing, to construction Concurrent Con struction (CC)

Peter E. D. Love; A. Gunasekaran

1997-01-01

389

Whitacre College of Engineering Industrial Engineering Department  

E-print Network

. Preference will be given to a candidate with a Ph.D. in industrial engineering. Applicants must be eligibleWhitacre College of Engineering Industrial Engineering Department Department Chair and Professor of Industrial Engineering. The Industrial Engineering Department at Texas Tech University has a distinguished

Gelfond, Michael

390

Equilibrium Locations of Vertically Linked Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two imperfectly competitive industries, upstream and downstream, and two locations. Where do the industries locate? Production occurs in both locations when transport costs are high (industry must be close to consumers) or low (factor prices determine location). Imperfect competition and transport costs create forward and backward linkages between upstream and downstream industries, and at intermediate transport costs these

Anthony J Venables

1996-01-01

391

Industrial & Systems Engineering Areas of Engineering Interests  

E-print Network

Industrial & Systems Engineering Areas of Engineering Interests The Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering understands our students may work as Industrial Engineers in other engineering industries, and to help prepare them for these careers, the ISE Areas of Interest was formulated. The courses

Berdichevsky, Victor

392

Faculty of Engineering Industrial and Manufacturing  

E-print Network

Faculty of Engineering Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Industrial engineers answer the needs of organizations to operate efficiently and cost effectively. As an industrial engineer, you may of Windsor is one of only a few institutions in Ontario to offer industrial engineering. Your education

393

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering John Stuart  

E-print Network

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering John Stuart Paul Washburn Co-Chairs MIE IAB Meeting #12;2Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Dean Tim Anderson #12;3Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Strategic vision for growing College Goal Method Current resources #12;4Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Mountziaris, T. J.

394

What does an Industrial Engineer really do???  

E-print Network

What does an Industrial Engineer really do??? #12;What you will learn · What Industrial Engineering is · Examples of Industrial Engineering (IE) activities · The advantages of an IE college degree #12;Engineering does that engineer do? Where? #12;Industrial Engineers Find a Better Way... · A better way to make

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

395

Industrial park management in the Chinese environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In China many investments especially from foreign companies are located in industry parks. However, the general situation and management perspectives of developing Chinese industrial parks are not very clear to the westerners. With the rapid development, industrial parks will play a key role in China's economy, therefore, those issues relating with China's industrial parks need to be further discussed. This

Yong Geng; Zhao Hengxin

2009-01-01

396

Industrial ecology: a philosophical introduction.  

PubMed Central

By analogy with natural ecosystems, an industrial ecology system, in addition to minimizing waste production in processes, would maximize the economical use of waste materials and of products at the ends of their lives as inputs to other processes and industries. This possibility can be made real only if a number of potential problems can be solved. These include the design of wastes along with the design of products and processes, the economics of such a system, the internalizing of the costs of waste disposal to the design and choice of processes and products, the effects of regulations intended for other purposes, and problems of responsibility and liability. The various stakeholders in making the effects of industry on the environment more benign will need to adopt some new behaviors if the possibility is to become real. PMID:11607255

Frosch, R A

1992-01-01

397

A Testing Service for Industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A small isolated NASA facility provides assistance to industry in the design, testing, and operation of oxygen systems. White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) was originally established to test rocket propulsion systems for the Apollo program. The facility's role was later expanded into testing characterization, flammability and toxicity characteristics of materials. Its materials and components test methods were adopted by the American society for Testing and Materials. When research and testing results became known, industry requested assistance, and in 1980, NASA authorized WSTF to open its facility to private firms, a valuable service, as oxygen systems testing is often too expensive and too hazardous for many companies. Today, some of the best known American industries utilize White Sands testing capabilities.

1994-01-01

398

The thoracic surgical industrial complex.  

PubMed

The thoracic surgical industrial complex is an industry worth $2 billion per year and is shaped by six dominant forces, three positive and three negative. The three positive forces are technological innovation, entrepreneurial activity, and the flow of capital and the three opposing forces, government regulation, cost-containment, and the excessive costs of product liability insurance. We are now at a critical time in the evolution of this industry, with growth being enhanced in areas of lesser risk, namely, nonimplantable devices, at the expense of high-risk implantable devices. The future of the artificial heart hinges on the balance between the six forces, and this analysis examines the possibilities for timely development of this ultimate implantable device. PMID:3527091

Starr, A

1986-08-01

399

Industrial applications of electron accelerators  

E-print Network

This paper addresses the industrial applications of electron accelerators for modifying the physical, chemical or biological properties of materials and commercial products by treatment with ionizing radiation. Many beneficial effects can be obtained with these methods, which are known as radiation processing. The earliest practical applications occurred during the 1950s, and the business of radiation processing has been expanding since that time. The most prevalent applications are the modification of many different plastic and rubber products and the sterilization of single-use medical devices. Emerging applications are the pasteurization and preservation of foods and the treatment of toxic industrial wastes. Industrial accelerators can now provide electron energies greater than 10 MeV and average beam powers as high as 700 kW. The availability of high-energy, high-power electron beams is stimulating interest in the use of X-rays (bremsstrahlung) as an alternative to gamma rays from radioactive nuclides.

Cleland, M R

2006-01-01

400

Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter will discuss the role of chemistry within the pharmaceutical industry. Although the focus will be upon the industry within the United States, much of the discussion is equally relevant to pharmaceutical companies based in other first world nations such as Japan and those in Europe. The major objective of the pharmaceutical industry is the discovery, development, and marketing of efficacious and safe drugs for the treatment of human disease. Of course drug companies do not exist as altruistic, charitable organizations but like other share-holder owned corporations within our capitalistic society must achieve profits in order to remain viable and competitive. Thus, there exists a conundrum between the dual goals of enhancing the quality and duration of human life and that of increasing stock-holder equity. Much has been written and spoken in the lay media about the high prices of prescription drugs and the hardships this places upon the elderly and others of limited income.

Poindexter, Graham S.; Pendri, Yadagiri; Snyder, Lawrence B.; Yevich, Joseph P.; Deshpande, Milind

401

Industry liaison section implementation plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Industry Liaison Section is a new function of the Army/NASA Aircrew-Aircraft Integration (AAAI) Program that is intended to bridge an existing gap between Government developers (including contractors) and outside organizations who are potential users of products and services developed by the AAAI Program. Currently in its sixth year, the Program is experiencing considerable pull from industry and other government organizations to disseminate products. Since the AAAI Program's charter is exploratory and research in nature, and satisfying proper dissemination requirements is in conflict with the rapid prototyping approach utilized by the design team, the AAAI Program has elected to create an Industry Liaison Section (ILS) to serve as the Program's technology transfer focal point. The process by which the ILS may be established, organized and managed is described, including the baseline organizational structure, duties, functions, authority, responsibilities, relations and policies and procedures relevant to the conduct of the ILS.

Lakowske, Stephen

1990-01-01

402

Infomat: Fashion Industry Business Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The fashion industry has many facets, and aspiring students who hope to break into the field may find themselves wondering about such aspects as marketing, industry trends, and the expansive world of fabrics and textiles. All of these subjects are covered on the Infomat website, which includes a "Guides" section, where visitors can learn about accessories, apparel marts, designer collections, and modeling agencies, among other areas of interest. Instructors will also appreciate the site's versatility, as they may be intrigued by the "News" area, which contains news digests from the areas of textiles, retail, and apparel. The site is rounded out by a "Community" area, which features a searchable calendar of events and a "Who's Who" section that provides brief biographies of industry leaders like Yves Saint Laurent and Issey Miyake.

403

SymposiumandIndustrialAffiliatesProgramLightinAction Industrial Affiliates Program  

E-print Network

Session I Abstract: Recently Additive Manufacturing (AM) has been hailed as the "third industrial Platform for precision additive manufacturing largely depends on the speed and accuracy of in-situ optical Dean & Director, CREOL, UCF Symposium: Light in Action Session I. Manufacturing 9:15 Advances

Van Stryland, Eric

404

Industrial applications of electrolytic processes in the metal finishing industries  

SciTech Connect

The applications of electrolytic processes in several sectors of the printed circuit, aeronautical and metal finishing industries have been under a large commercial development phase over the last ten years. Two major factors have favoured this development: the progress made in applied electrochemical engineering and the large increase in solid and liquid wastes management costs.

Wiaux, J.P. [Titalyse SA, Geneva (Switzerland)

1994-12-31

405

Industrial Electronics Curriculum Guide. Michigan Trade and Industrial Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task-based curriculum guide for industrial electronics is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a career ladder, a matrix relating duty/task numbers to job titles, and a task list. Each task…

Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

406

Industrial Electricity: Motors. Oklahoma Trade and Industrial Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides competency-based instructional materials for training in the field of industrial electricity. Materials are not geared to a specific grade level and may be used with secondary and postsecondary students as well as part- and full-time adult students. The guide includes three sections and ten instructional units. Each…

Teague, Cash; Pewewardy, Garner

407

INDUSTRIAL & SYSTEMS Industrial and Systems engineers use engineering  

E-print Network

design, human/machine interface, and data processing economics. Prerequisite: CSCI 101L. 390 Special companies compete in todays global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems engineers task is to take limited distribu- tions and transformations of random variables; limit theorems; approximations and applications

Rohs, Remo

408

Automating An Industrial Power Plant  

E-print Network

AUTlliATING AN INDUSTRIAL POWER PLANT DAVID R. WILLIAMS, P.E. Energy Coordi?nator John Deere Component Works Waterloo, Iowa ABSTRACT The need for an upgrade of boiler and turbine controls in the 15 MW coal-fired cogeneration plant...,,.. ...... ," .",',_""',," ESL-IE-87-09-54 Proceedings from the Ninth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, September 16-18, 1987 ASMAC53 825 P.S.1. HEADER THROTTLE PRESS 1st BEARING BEARING GOV. STAGE OIl TEMP. TEMP. --@ PRESSBEARING~ 7 TEMP...

Williams, D. R.; McCowen, R. R.

409

Industrial Biotechnology: Discovery to Delivery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fermentation products have penetrated almost every sector of our daily lives. They are used in ethical and generic drugs, clinical and home diagnostics, defense products, nutritional supplements, personal care products, food and animal feed ingredients, cleaning and textile processing, and in industrial applications such as fuel ethanol production. Even before knowing about the existence of microorganisms, for thousands of years ancient people routinely used them for making cheese, soy sauces, yogurt, and bread. Although humans have used fermentation as the method of choice for manufacturing for a long time, it is only now being recognized for its potential towards sustainable industrial development.

Chotani, Gopal K.; Dodge, Timothy C.; Gaertner, Alfred L.; Arbige, Michael V.

410

Steel industry wastes. [Wastewater treatment  

SciTech Connect

A literature review dealing with waste processing of steel industry wastes is presented. The costs for the U.S. steel industry to comply with environmental standards are such that water reuse and recycling may be necessary. The review examines conventional coke plant wastewater treatments such as flotation, phenol extraction, ammonia stripping, and biological nitrification, and alternative treatment processes for blast furnace scrubber blowdown such as alkaline chlorination, ozonation, and reverse osmosis. A review of pickling operations and finishing processes is also included with their appropriate waste methods highlighted.

Vachon, D.T. (Environment Canada, Burlington, Ontario); Schmidt, J.W.; Schmidtke, N.W.

1982-06-01

411

Industrial and hazardous waste treatment  

SciTech Connect

This book provides information on the harmful effects of industrial and hazardous waste. Includes theories on conservation, equalization and neutralization of wastes, as well as practical applications for such methods. It provides case histories of waste problems and solutions, and concludes with brief evaluations of all major liquid industrial wastes. Extensive photographs, diagrams, and charts. Thorough references included in each chapter. Some background in both chemistry and engineering required. Appropriate for universities, as a student textbook, and for engineering collections of research libraries. (LEF).

Nemerow, N.L.; Dasgupta, A.

1991-01-01

412

Natural photonics for industrial inspiration.  

PubMed

There are two considerations for optical biomimetics: the diversity of submicrometre architectures found in the natural world, and the industrial manufacture of these. A review exists on the latter subject, where current engineering methods are considered along with those of the natural cells. Here, on the other hand, I will provide a modern review of the different categories of reflectors and antireflectors found in animals, including their optical characterization. The purpose of this is to inspire designers within the $2 billion annual optics industry. PMID:19376770

Parker, Andrew R

2009-05-13

413

Energy Savings in Industrial Buildings  

E-print Network

model evaluates the potential for energy efficiency improvements in industrial buildings. The time horizon of the analysis of 2002 to 2016 was selected to align with the voluntary agreements target of 2016 per EPAct 2005 2 . ENERGY SAVINGS... of the 2 EPAct 2005 calls for voluntary agreements with members of the industrial sector to reduce the energy intensity of their production activities by 2.5 percent per year from 2007-2016. model with regards to HVAC energy use by sector and region...

Zhou, A.; Tutterow, V.; Harris, J.

414

Coal conversion products industrial applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Coal-based synthetic fuels complexes under development consideration by NASA/MSFC will produce large quantities of synthetic fuels, primarily medium BTU gas, which could be sold commercially to industries located in South Central Tennessee and Northern Alabama. The complexes would be modular in construction, and subsequent modules may produce liquid fuels or fuels for electric power production. Current and projected industries in the two states which have a propensity for utilizing coal-based synthetic fuels were identified, and a data base was compiled to support MFSC activities.

Dunkin, J. H.; Warren, D.

1980-01-01

415

Electric Utility Industrial Conservation Programs  

E-print Network

retail sales for AP&L were 14,540 million kilowatt-hours. 18.4 percent of the sales was in the commercial sector, 23.4 percent was one Aluminum processing plant, 25.3 percent was other industrial, and 2 percent was gov ernment. It is the other... OF TECHNICALLY AND ECONOMICALLY FEASIBLE INDUSTRIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION OPPORTUNITIES (AP&L FOR 1983) Demand Savings Energy Savings Energy Conservation Opportunity "' /0 MW % MWH 1. High Efficiency Fluorescent Lighting 6.7 6 7.3 25,826 2. Socket Compatible...

Norland, D. L.

1983-01-01

416

NICE3: Industrial Refrigeration System  

SciTech Connect

Energy Concepts has developed an absorption-augmented system as a cost-effective means of achieving more cooling capacity with a substantial reduction in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for industrial refrigeration. It cuts fuel consumption by 30% by combining an internal combustion engine with a mechanical compression refrigeration system and an absorption refrigeration system. The absorption system is powered by engine waste heat. Conventional industrial refrigeration uses mechanical vapor compression, powered by electric motors, which results in higher energy costs. By the year 2010, the new system could cut fuel consumption by 19 trillion Btu and greenhouse emissions by more than 1 million tons per year.

Simon, P.

1999-09-29

417

Tutorial: simulation in the hospitality industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT This tutorial article addresses the use of simulation ,in the hospitality industry, in particular the use of simulation in the fast food restaurant industry. Although the application ofsimulation,to any ,system follows the same basic series ofsteps in an iterative fashion, there are unique aspects of the fast food restaurant industry that must ,be addressed when,applying simulation to that ,industry’s

Darrell W. Starks; Todd C. Whyte

1998-01-01

418

Energy Programs of the Texas Industrial Commission  

E-print Network

ENERGY PROGRAMS OF THE TEXAS INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION Jerry Heare and Lance E. dePlante Community Development Division Texas Industrial Commission Austin, Texas The objectives of the Industrial Energy Conservation Program are to assist Texas.... Inquiries should be directed to: Lance E. dePlante, Manager Ene rgy Ut iii zat ion Depa rtment ~, . Texas Industrial Commission P. O. Box 12728, Capitol Station Austin, Texas 78711. 650 ESL-IE-79-04-73 Proceedings from the First Industrial Energy...

Heare, J.; dePlante, L. E.

1979-01-01

419

Biomedical | Chemical & Biomolecular | Civil & Environmental | Electrical & Computer | Industrial | Mechanical | Petroleum Careers in Industrial Engineering  

E-print Network

| Mechanical | Petroleum Careers in Industrial Engineering Manufacturing, service and retail industries hire a significant number of industrial engineers. Specific industries include automobile manufacturers, electronics to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the 2012 average annual wage for industrial engineers is $82

Glowinski, Roland

420

industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business prin-  

E-print Network

70 industrial & systems (ISE) Industrial and Systems Engineers use engineering and business prin to help companies compete in today's global marketplace. The Industrial and Systems Engineer's task Available · Industrial and Systems Engineering Bachelor of Science 129 units · Industrial and Systems

Rohs, Remo

421

1992 Canadian oil industry directory  

SciTech Connect

This book lists address, phone, fax, and personnel of companies active in the Canadian petroleum industry. It includes E and P, drilling, oilfield service, supply, manufacturing, and engineering companies, associations, and government agencies. It also describes activities, provides branch office and subsidiary information and company personnel indices.indices.

Moore, J.

1992-01-01

422

INDUSTRIAL REUSE OF URBAN STORMWATER  

EPA Science Inventory

As population and industry grow, water demand increases, and water supply becomes more of a problem. It has been estimated that the total gross water intake for all purposes in the United States will exceed the total available water supply of 650 billion gal/day (2.5 billion cu m...

423

Oklahoma Industrial Energy Management Program  

E-print Network

Each and every citizen has been affected by the energy crisis by now. Business and industry have especially been hurt as the rising cost of energy and its dwindling supplies are the twin jaws of a vise rapidly closing in on profits. Much work...

Estes, C. B.; Turner, W. C.

1980-01-01

424

Optimization of Industrial Refrigeration Systems  

E-print Network

A computer program designed to optimize the size of an evaporative condenser in a two-stage industrial refrigeration plant was created. The program sizes both the high-stage and low-stage compressors and an evaporative condenser. Once the initial...

Flack, P. J.; Sharp, M. K.; Case, M. E.; Gregory, R. W.; Case, P. L.

425

Rational Industrial Water Reuse Ratios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work begins by defining rational water use, and then discusses important factors that most strongly influence it. A general model is then developed to enable factories to quantify the ratio of rational industrial water reuse based on the least cost method. The model is established to minimize the cost of water with reference to gross water use and three subsystems - the intake, reuse, and discharge of industrial water. Discharge cost is determined using data from a 1997 survey of 38 factories, and reuse costs are ranked and expressed by a step function. The model is verified using data from a typical semiconductor factory in northern Taiwan's Hsinchu Science Based Industrial Park, whose effective rational water reuse ratio is about 38 percent. A sensitivity analysis shows that improving water reuse technology is the most important factor in determining the rational water reuse ratio, and the price of water is the second most important. When water costs over NT30 (New Taiwan Dollar, US1 = NT$34) per cubic meter, increasing reuse becomes significant. The model provides a step towards the scientific management of industrial water.

Liaw, Chao-Hsien; Chen, Liang-Ching

2004-08-01

426

Thinking about the Industrial Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues that the Industrial Revolution is best conceptualized as having grown out of a process that began millennia earlier, and became possible only when the European populations were able to escape from the Malthusian trap which constrained their growth in prior centuries.

John Komlos

427

Industrial Use of Reverse Osmosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of reverse osmosis (RO) as a water treatment process in private industry has dramatically increased over the past five years because of increased product quality and membrane system performance. Design of RO systems must include a thorough examination of each unit process to determine the effect on preceding and succeeding units. Properly designed RO systems will provide effective

Paul D. Sinisgalli; James L. McNutt

1986-01-01

428

Heat Pipes: An Industrial Application  

E-print Network

pipe exchangers, an industrial case history is presented. The case history involves a retrofit project which added heat pipes to five natural draft process heaters with a combined heat duty of 150 M Btu/hr. A heat recovery of 15 M Btu/hr has resulted...

Murray, F.

1984-01-01

429

Processor design for industrial applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ARMreg microprocessor architecture was developed in Cambridge, UK during the 1980s by a team of engineers spun out from Acorn Computers. Several iterations and billions of ARM Poweredreg devices later, it is established as a processor in a wide variety of products, ranging from cell phones and MP3 players through to anti-lock braking systems. Many industrial applications already employ

Wayne Lyons

2008-01-01

430

Factors facilitating construction industry development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key factors associated with construction industry development worldwide are identified by using a grounded theory approach. This first involved the identification of 62 variables from earlier studies. A questionnaire survey was then used to elicit views of the current strength of each variable. The resulting data were factor analysed and a set of eight key factors obtained comprising the

Paul Fox; Martin Skitmore

2007-01-01

431

Conservation and the industry sector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following six highly energy intensive industries were studied as targets of energy conservation opportunity: food and kindred products, paper and allied products, chemicals and allied products, petroleum and coal products, stone, glass and clay products, and primary manufacturing. After studying conservation actions within each industry the actions were grouped under three broad categories: increased combustion efficiency, process improvement, and good housekeeping. Some of the results were: (1) approximately 2.18 quads could be saved in 1980 and 2.57 quads in 1985 by installing cogenerative facilities in 50% of the industries, (2) regenerative air-preheaters could result in a 10-15% increase in furnace efficiency representing a 15-25% fuel savings (2.3 to 3.9 quads in 1980 and 2.7 to 4.5 quads in 1985), (3) several major industries have potential for energy savings by recycling-aluminum (0.2 quads), steel (1 quad), glass (0.006 quads), paper and cement (0.08 quads).

1975-01-01

432

Industrial applications of Mössbauer Spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review of the industrial applications of Mössbauer Spectroscopy is presented underlining the powerfulness and usefulness of the technique in the control and optimization of the production processes. A few examples are reported concerning the developments of thin protective coatings for structural parts and media for the magnetic recording field.

Carbucicchio, Massimo; Ciprian, Roberta

2013-04-01

433

When Research Criticizes an Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Robert W. Van Kirk released a study in January about selenium contamination in trout streams in southeastern Idaho, he expected some flak from the influential phosphate-mining industry. He did not expect to feel pressured by the administration of his own institution, Idaho State University, where he is an associate professor of mathematics.…

Blumenstyk, Goldie

2007-01-01

434

Industrial Mechanics Occupational Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, developed by the Oregon Department of Education, is intended to assist the vocational teacher in designing and implementing a cluster program in industrial mechanics. It suggests teaching ideas and is aimed at high school students, as well as those wishing to enter community college, university, or apprenticeship programs. The guide is…

Bishop, Frank

435

Industrial Art: Mission to Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a story about industrial art. It is certainly not a story about smart studios and fashionable galleries, subtle techniques and aesthetic beauty. This is a story of sheet rock, nails, and low-grade lumber in the hands of unskilled teenage laborers. While this story boasts of no future museum pieces, it tells a heartwarming story of rare…

Wilhelm, Mike

2009-01-01

436

Applications SoftwareIT industry  

E-print Network

Parallel Applications Parallel Hardware Parallel SoftwareIT industry (Silicon Valley) Users Scientists and engineers are able to leverage large-scale systems to solve many problems important applications Understand how the one-sided communication model affects the collective tuning Tuning for both

California at Berkeley, University of

437

Certificate Industrial and Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Six Sigma Certificate Industrial and Systems Engineering San José State University September, 2008 #12;1 Lean Enterprise and Six Sigma Lean Enterprise about transforming the old mass production-to-cradle design, incorporating design for manufacturability, reproducibility, product lifecycle, etc. Six Sigma

Su, Xiao

438

METHANE EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL SOURCES  

EPA Science Inventory

The chapter identifies and describes major industrial sources of methane (CH4) emissions. or each source type examined, it identifies CH4 release points and discusses in detail the factors affecting emissions. t also summarizes and discusses available global and country-specific ...

439

Can industry afford solar energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Falling oil prices and conservation measures have reduced the economic impetus to develop new energy sources, thus decreasing the urgency for bringing solar conversion technologies to commercial readiness at an early date. However, the capability for solar to deliver thermal energy for industrial uses is proven. A year-round operation would be three times as effective as home heating, which is necessary only part of the year. Flat plate, parabolic trough, and solar tower power plant demonstration projects, though uneconomically operated, have revealed engineering factors necessary for successful use of solar-derived heat for industrial applications. Areas of concern have been categorized as technology comparisons, load temperatures, plant size, location, end-use, backup requirements, and storage costs. Tax incentives have, however, supported home heating and not industrial uses, and government subsidies have historically gone to conventional energy sources. Tax credit programs which could lead to a 20% market penetration by solar energy in the industrial sector by the year 2000 are presented.

Kreith, F.; Bezdek, R.

1983-03-01

440

Industrial Biotechnology: Discovery to Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fermentation products have penetrated almost every sector of our daily lives. They are used in ethical and generic drugs, clinical and home diagnostics, defense products, nutritional supplements, personal care products, food and animal feed ingredients, cleaning and textile processing, and in industrial applications such as fuel ethanol production. Even before knowing about the existence of microorganisms, for thousands of years

Gopal K. Chotani; Timothy C. Dodge; Alfred L. Gaertner; Michael V. Arbige

2007-01-01

441

Bibliography for the Hospitality Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography is a sample collection of reference materials in the hospitality industry suitable for a small academic library. It is assumed that the library has a general reference collection. Publication dates range from 1992-96, with two publication dates in the 1980s. No periodicals are included. The 41 reference materials are…

Nelson, Elizabeth A.

442

Industrial boiler blowdown heat recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blowdown of boiler drum water is necessary to maintain the solids concentration in the drum within a specified limit. Industrial plant efficiency can be increased by recovering heat otherwise wasted during blowdown. The design, performance, and economics of heat recovery systems are discussed. In most cases, it was observed that for blowdown rates above 2 gal\\/min, installation of heat recovery

Bary

1978-01-01

443

Handbook for Monitoring Industrial Wastewater.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual for industrial wastewater monitoring covers the philosophy of monitoring needs, planning, sampling, measuring, and analysis. Sufficient detail is given for those who wish to explore more deeply some of the practical and theoretical aspects of any of the phases of a monitoring program. A logical procedure is suggested and direction…

Associated Water & Air Resources Engineers, Inc., Nashville, TN.

444

Inverse Problems and Industrial Mathematics  

E-print Network

multibody systems · Surrogate models for the simulation of combustion engines and of the exhaustion gas;Acknowledgements Part of this work has been supported in the framework of ,,Industrielle Kompetenzzentren) - computer science (5) - engineering (1) Inverse Problems and Industrial Mathematics 3 MathConsult Gmb

Fulmek, Markus

445

Career Choices: Industry vs. Academia  

E-print Network

Career Choices: Industry vs. Academia Yan Liu Assistant Professor Computer Science Department, I want it · Stage 4: No, I cannot do it #12;2) What does it take to succeed in academia versus ­ Communication skills ­ (and some luck) · Different impact ­ Academia: your own research achievement and many

Rohs, Remo

446

Undergraduate Training for Industrial Careers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-eight mathematicians in industry, business, and government replied to a questionnaire on the relative merits of the traditional undergraduate curriculum, advanced topics in pure mathematics, computer programing, additional computer science, and specialized or applied topics. They favored programing and applied mathematics, along with a…

Stehney, Ann K.

1983-01-01

447

Evaluating Industrial R&D.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of industrial research and development (R&D) must be simple and low cost, and it must contribute to corporate goals without distracting researchers from their research. These points are illustrated with reference to General Electric's Research and Development Center, which is the company's corporate laboratory. (SLD)

Robb, Walter L.

1994-01-01

448

Conservation and the industrial customer  

SciTech Connect

Obvious differences between nonresidential and residential water customer markets call for a different marketing program for industrial, commercial, and institutional sectors. Although basic marketing tenets must be adhered to, the strategies are more complex, the communications are more vertical, and the message focuses more on costs and return on investment than on ethical or environmental sensibilities.

Ploeser, J.H. [City of Phoenix Water Services, AZ (United States)

1996-01-01

449

Industrial oils from transgenic plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unusual fatty acids that have useful industrial properties occur widely in the seed oils of many non-agronomic plant species. Researchers are attempting to use biotechnology to produce high levels of these fatty acids in the seeds of existing crop plants. cDNAs for a wide variety of unusual fatty acid biosynthetic enzymes have been identified, particularly through the use of expressed

Jan Jaworski; Edgar B Cahoon

2003-01-01

450

Physicians and the Pharmaceutical Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context Controversy exists over the fact that physicians have regular contact with the pharmaceutical industry and its sales representatives, who spend a large sum of money each year promoting to them by way of gifts, free meals, travel subsidies, spon- sored teachings, and symposia. Objective To identify the extent of and attitudes toward the relationship between physicians and the pharmaceutical

Ashley Wazana

2006-01-01

451

Industrial Agglomeration in the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic reform process in the Philippines was accelerated in the 1980s and 1990s. The reforms were found to have yielded positive results in terms of the nature of industrial agglomeration in the country as this was found to have occurred in the 1990s based on the results of the survey and econometrics analyses. The latter also identified the factors

Mari-Len R. Macasaquit

2008-01-01

452

Corporate Partners with industry to  

E-print Network

in recognition of its support of research. For more information, please contact: Linda Parker Assistant Dean.827.6106 Fax: 951.827.3188 linda.parker@ucr.edu www.engr.ucr.edu/industry/ Let us help you EnginEEr Ex of young students who will become the next generation of engineers." - Louis Davis, Regional Manager, Local

453

Task Analysis for Industrial Plastics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is designed to provide a basis for effective communication between local education agencies and local advisory committees regarding industrial plastics eudcation and to communicate national and statewide program requirements so that local advisory committees may recommend program requirements that meet local needs with due concern for…

Washington State Coordinating Council for Occupational Education, Olympia.

454

Enriching Planning through Industry Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning is an important tool, but the sole dependence on it across departments and campuses has resulted in the underutilization of equally important methods of analysis. The evolution of higher and postsecondary education necessitates a systemic industry analysis, as the combination of new providers and delivery mechanisms and changing…

Martinez, Mario; Wolverton, Mimi

2009-01-01

455

Planning the Software Industrial Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author traces the US history of invention and technology transfer from the 1700s to the present and asks whether software development can stop being a process-centered cottage industry by the application of interchangeable parts technology. He maintains that a revolution is needed to accomplish this and outlines the steps of such a revolution. The author clarifies the meaning of

Brad J. Cox

1990-01-01

456

Industry shakeouts and technological change  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the evolution of four new products that experienced an initial rise and then extreme shakeout in their number of manufacturers: automobiles, tires, televisions, and penicillin. Data on entry, exit, and innovation are collected for each product to test theories of industry shakeouts. Hazard analyses indicate that earlier entrants had persistently lower hazards during the shakeouts, which was related

Steven Klepper; Kenneth L. Simons

2005-01-01

457

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the first off-reservation boarding school and began the social experiment of assimilation of Native Americans into American culture. For almost 40 years, from 1879 to 1918, the school sought to civilize "savage" Indian children. Richard H. Pratt, founder of the school, believed that the school was the…

Satterlee, Anita

458

ESTUDIO EXPERIMENTAL DEL PROCESO INDUSTRIAL \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present article results of the investigations are exposed on the reological characteristics of the leached remainders (tails) of industrial process CARON. The physical analyses - chemical they indicate a great similarity in the compositions of the samples taken in different periods, which are constituted fundamentally by high contents of maghemita. The grain sized study demonstrates that in the

Turro Breff Alberto; Ingeniería Mecánica; Cuba Izquierdo; Pupo Raúl; Cuba Garcell; Puyans Leonel

459

Reticle haze: an industrial approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crystal growth on advanced reticles is currently a world wide industrial problem in high end semiconductor production environment, crystals are mainly found on reticles that use high energy photons at 193nm wavelength. The most common crystals to be found on masks are ammonium sulphate, a combination of sulphate, from maskshop residues after clean, pellicle materials and storage conditions and amines

Stuart Gough; Xavier Gérard; Pascal Bichebois; Agnès Roche; Frank Sundermann; Véronique Guyader; Yann Bièron; Jean Galvier; Serge Nicoleau

2007-01-01

460

THE UNITED STATES SHRIMP INDUSTRY  

E-print Network

for administrative or legislative action. It is issued in limited quantities for official use of Federal, State or cooperating agencies and in processed form for economy and to avoid delay in publication . #12;United StatesBioner SURVEY OF THE UNITED STATES SHRIMP INDUSTRY VOLUME II Prepared in Branch of Economics Bureau

461

The Coronary Patient in Industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The coronary patient, as he pertains to industry particularly NASA, is discussed. Concepts of precoronary care, acute attacks which may develop while on the job, and the return of the cardiac patient to work are covered. Major emphasis was on the prevention of sudden death due to coronary disease.

Schuster, B.

1971-01-01

462

Industrial applications of THz systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz TDS) holds high potential as a non-destructive, non-contact testing tool. We have identified a plethora of emerging industrial applications such as quality control of industrial processes and products in the plastics industry. Polymers are transparent to THz waves while additives show a significantly higher permittivity. This dielectric contrast allows for detecting the additive concentration and the degree of dispersion. We present a first inline configuration of a THz TDS spectrometer for monitoring polymeric compounding processes. To evaluate plastic components, non-destructive testing is strongly recommended. For instance, THz imaging is capable of inspecting plastic weld joints or revealing the orientation of fiber reinforcements. Water strongly absorbs THz radiation. However, this sensitivity to water can be employed in order to investigate the moisture absorption in plastics and the water content in plants. Furthermore, applications in food technology are discussed. Moreover, security scanning applications are addressed in terms of identifying liquid explosives. We present the vision and first components of a handheld security scanner. In addition, a new approach for parameter extraction of THz TDS data is presented. All in all, we give an overview how industry can benefit from THz TDS completing the tool box of non-destructive evaluation.

Wietzke, S.; Jansen, C.; Jördens, C.; Krumbholz, N.; Vieweg, N.; Scheller, M.; Shakfa, M. K.; Romeike, D.; Hochrein, T.; Mikulics, M.; Koch, M.

2009-07-01

463

Bringing Industry to the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple pathways connect college-preparatory curriculums with exceptional career and technical education, motivating students to learn by helping them answer the question, Why do I need to know this? Real-world learning is organized around such industry sectors as finance and business; health science and medical technology; building and…

Hoachlander, Gary

2008-01-01

464

Analysis of an Industrial System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying industrial systems by simulation enables the designer to study their dynamic behaviour and to determine characteristics of the system. Unfortunately, simulation also has some disadvantages. These can be overcome by using formal methods. Formal methods allow a thorough analysis of the possible behaviours of a system, parameterised system analysis and a modular approach to the analysis of systems. We

J. J. T. Kleijn; Michel A. Reniers; J. E. Rooda

2003-01-01

465

Using Metrics in Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This metric supplement is intended as a guide to aid the industrial arts teacher in incorporating metrics in the classroom. A list of student objectives for measurement skills is followed by an overview of the history of measurement, an argument for change to the metric system in the United States, and a discussion of metric basics (common terms).…

Bame, E. Allen

466

The equine frozen semen industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent acceptance of frozen semen as a method to produce registered foals by two of the worlds largest breed associations, the American Quarter Horse and American Paint Horse, has stimulated new interest in frozen semen technology. This review will: (a) attempt to identify the major impediments to the development of the frozen semen industry, (b) suggest alternative methods for marketing

P. R Loomis

2001-01-01

467

Company and Industry Research guide  

E-print Network

these positions? What type of company ­ publicly traded, privately held, non-profit, etc.? Is the company partCompany and Industry Research guide career.uh.edu 713-743-5100 ucs@uh.edu #12;July 2013 University are going away, company buyouts, changing technology, along with other factors. In an age of downsizing

Azevedo, Ricardo

468

Environmental Effects of Industrial Farming  

E-print Network

resistance #12;Water contamination ·80% of US antibiotics used in farm animals ·Leads to bacteria resistance in farm animals #12;Water contamination ·80% of US antibiotics used in farm animals ·Leads to bacteria ·Water contamination ·Soil contamination ·Solutions #12;US Meat Industry Animals (2009) kg produced (2009

Budker, Dmitry

469

Theoretical Perspectives on Industry Clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of industry clustering has generated much discussion in regional economic development theory and practice in recent years. Yet it is fair to say that an accepted definition or a unified theoretical framework has failed to emerge from the discussion, as the concept often seems to enliven itself under divergent theoretical approaches, including but not limited to work on

Gashawbeza W. Bekele; Randall W. Jackson

470

Optical media standards for industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Optical storage is a new and growing area of technology that can serve to meet some of the mass storage needs of the computer industry. Optical storage is characterized by information being stored and retrieved by means of diode lasers. When most people refer to optical storage, they mean rotating disk media, but there are 1 or 2 products that use lasers to read and write to tape. Optical media also usually means removable media. Because of its removability, there is a recognized need for standardization, both of the media and of the recording method. Industry standards can come about in one or more different ways. An industry supported body can sanction and publish a formal standard. A company may ship enough of a product that it so dominates an application or industry that it acquires 'standard' status without an official sanction. Such de facto standards are almost always copied by other companies with varying degrees of success. A governmental body can issue a rule or law that requires conformance to a standard. The standard may have been created by the government, or adopted from among many proposed by industry. These are often known as de jure standards. Standards are either open or proprietary. If approved by a government or sanctioning body, the standard is open. A de facto standard may be either open or proprietary. Optical media is too new to have de facto standards accepted by the marketplace yet. The proliferation of non-compatible media types in the last 5 years of optical market development have convinced many of the need for recognized media standards.

Hallam, Kenneth J.

1993-01-01

471

Inflatable packers move from petroleum industry to environmental industry  

SciTech Connect

Inflatable packers have been used extensively in the petroleum industry for cementing, testing, fracturing, plugging, and treatment of wells. Today the technology is being applied increasingly in the environmental and geotechnical areas, and the use of inflatable packers has become standard practice in these fields. With emerging applications, new tools are continually being developed. This paper describes three relatively new applications for inflatable packers in the environmental industry: (1) operating and sealing Class I injection wells, (2) isolating bedrock intervals for hydrogeological testing and sampling, and (3) pneumatic and hydraulic fracturing to increase recovery of contaminants. Electronic instrumentation is making possible the real time acquisition of data essential to the new applications. The use of a tipple tranducer sub-assembly for formation testing will be described. A purging and sampling technique employing packers that was developed at the Love Canal hazardous waste site will be briefly described.

Ross, B.J. [TAM International, Inc., Lititz, PA (United States)

1995-09-01

472

Industrial Applications of Electronic Nose Technology in the Textiles Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electronic nose technology has been available commercially for over 12 years but uptake in actual industrial applications has yet to be fully realised. We report 2 specific test protocols being used in the textiles industry that allow the direct measurement of anti-odour and anti-microbial capabilities of fabrics. Results will be shown for the standard anti-odour test which was specifically commissioned by Courtaulds PLC and which is being used by a number of manufacturers. The second test, which measures the anti-microbial and the anti-odour capabilities of fabrics simultaneously was developed in 2008. Results will be shown that clearly indicate both parameters are detected and proofs of anti-microbial capabilities will be given. These 2 tests will for the first time, enable the fulfillment of legislation that states for textile product claims, anti-odour and anti-microbial capabilities of fabrics must be scientifically substantiated.

Gibson, Tim; Chandler, Rob; Hallam, Viv; Simpson, Claire; Bentham, Martin

2009-05-01

473

US industrial outlook, 1993: Business forecasts for 350 industries  

SciTech Connect

The 1993 U.S. Industrial Outlook provides estimates for major sectors of the economy in 1993 and industry projections to 1997. Data are based partly on the economic assumptions in the mid-session review of the 1993 Federal budget, issued in July 1992 by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). A brief review of economic developments in 1992 is a helpful introduction to the 1993 projections and assumptions. Economic growth during 1992 was less than was forecast in the late summer of 1991, not only in the United States, but also in the rest of the world generally. Economic fundamentals strengthened in 1992, laying the foundation for a pickup in the economy during 1993. Improvement in consumer and corporate balance sheets occurred in 1992 as the ratio of debt-service payments to income continued to decline. Inflation and interest rates eased in 1992, while the international competitiveness of the U.S. economy remained strong.

Not Available

1993-01-01

474

Social or industrial forestry--Industry`s view  

SciTech Connect

The need for a stable forest policy in India to reduce deficits and increase multiple benefits of forests and plantations is discussed. A brief review of the current demand for forest products in India indicates the importance of plantation forest for social and environmental reasons as well as for production of raw material for industry. The case is made for greater investment in economically viable individual plantations as distinct from plantations established under social forestry programs.

Adkoli, N.S. [Karnataka Pulpwood Ltd. (India)

1992-12-31

475

77 FR 20615 - DAU Industry Day: “Affordability, Efficiency, and the Industrial Base”  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...curriculum. The name of the event is DAU Industry Day: ``Affordability...The purpose of this event is for members of government and industry to discuss affordability...crs.dau.mil/industry/Default.asp. Event Point of Contact:...

2012-04-05

476

Which factor dominates the industry evolution? A synergy analysis based on China's ICT industry  

E-print Network

Industry evolution caused by various reasons, among which technology progress driving industry development has been approved, but with the new trend of industry convergence, inter-industry convergence also plays an increasing important role. This paper plans to probe the industry synergetic evolution mechanism based on industry convergence and technology progress. Firstly, we use self-organization method and Haken Model to establish synergetic evolution equations, select technology progress and industry convergence as the key variables of industry evolution system; then use patent licensing data of china's listed ICT companies to measure industry convergence rate and apply DEA Malmquist index method to calculate technology progress level; furthermore apply simultaneous equation estimation method to investigate the synergetic industry evolution process. From 2002 to 2012, China's ICT industry develops rapidly; it has the most obvious convergence and powerful technology progress compared with other industries. ...

Li, Yaya; Zhao, Yulin; Wang, Fang

2014-01-01

477

INDUSTRIAL PROCESS PROFILES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL USE. CHAPTER 10. THE PLASTICS AND RESINS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report presents a detailed analysis of the plastics and resins production industry, which includes operations that convert industrial organic chemicals into solid or liquid polymers. Elements of the analysis include an industry definition, raw materials, products and manufact...

478

Microbial Cellulases and Their Industrial Applications  

PubMed Central

Microbial cellulases have shown their potential application in various industries including pulp and paper, textile, laundry, biofuel production, food and feed industry, brewing, and agriculture. Due to the complexity of enzyme system and immense industrial potential, cellulases have been a potential candidate for research by both the academic and industrial research groups. Nowadays, significant attentions have been devoted to the current knowledge of cellulase production and the challenges in cellulase research especially in the direction of improving the process economics of various industries. Scientific and technological developments and the future prospects for application of cellulases in different industries are discussed in this paper. PMID:21912738

Kuhad, Ramesh Chander; Gupta, Rishi; Singh, Ajay

2011-01-01

479

Industry  

E-print Network

Drying with gas turbine, power recovery Air bottoming cyclePower Recovery Cogeneration Renewables Biomass, Biogas, PV, Wind turbines,Power recovery may also include the use of pres- sure recovery turbines

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01

480

Three Studies in Industrial Economics: Competition and Industry Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chapter 1 reviews alternative theories of competition - the standard Neoclassical view, the contribution of the Chicago School as well as the two dynamic lines of thought which are part of Austrian economics and Classical Political Economy. The latter is presented as a consistent alternative to the other existing theories. Of special interest is the question if and how industry structure matters in these approaches, how profitability differentials are explained and what role market share concentration and mobility barriers play. Their predictions and implications for empirical research are compared. Ways to test and evaluate these different approaches are described. Chapter 2 investigates econometrically how industry and micro level variables determine persistent differentials in the rate of return on assets in the U.S. The analysis is the first to use business segment data to explain long term profitability differentials. It presents new market concentration indicators that are superior to concentration ratios and allow to analyze an unpreceded amount of concentration and other data back to 1977. Critical concentration levels, non-linearities, interaction effects and previously ignored important control variables like industrial unionization are being considered. Concentration is found to have significant negative effects on profitability differentials. Barrier indicators are insignificant while market shares are positively correlated with long-run profitability. Concentration thus increases, not diminishes the degree of industrial competition. This is interpreted as evidence in support of Classical Political Economic competition theory. Chapter 3 presents a costs of production based industry analytical study that aims at consistency with Classical Political Economic thought. It investigates how growth of renewable electricity in Germany forces conventional power plants to shift towards more flexible operating regimes. The simulation of individual power plant load uses different current and future as well as alternative price and energy policy scenarios, four years of 15-minute interval data on system and renewable load as well as an unpreceded degree of detail on plant cost structures and technical characteristics. I find that the costs of electricity generation of cleaner, flexible thermal plants are positively effected by the transition. The competitiveness of inflexible baseload plants falls as they become more expensive than renewables. Lignite and nuclear power turns out to be unsuited to supplement renewable energy: a future exit reduces the average costs of electricity generation from conventional plants.

Keil, Jan

481

Electrochemical treatment of industrial wastewater.  

PubMed

This paper presents the results of the treatment of phenolic compounds containing wastewater generated from phenol-formaldehyde resin manufacturing, oil refinery and bulk drug manufacturing industries by electrochemical method. Experiments were conducted at a fixed current density of 5.4 A/dm2 using Ti/TiO2-RuO2-IrO2 electrode and an undivided reactor. During the various stages of electrolysis, parameters such as COD and TOC concentrations were determined in order to know the feasibility of electrochemical treatment. Adsorbable organic halogens (AOX) were detected at high concentrations during the electrolytic treatment of the effluents. However, it was observed that increasing the electrolysis time bring down the AOX concentration to lower levels. Energy consumption and current efficiency during the electrolysis were calculated and presented. The present study proves the effectiveness of electrochemical treatment for highly concentrated bio-refractory organic pollutants present in the industrial wastewater. PMID:15363521

Rajkumar, D; Palanivelu, K

2004-09-10

482

Industrial accidents triggered by lightning.  

PubMed

Natural disasters can cause major accidents in chemical facilities where they can lead to the release of hazardous materials which in turn can result in fires, explosions or toxic dispersion. Lightning strikes are the most frequent cause of major accidents triggered by natural events. In order to contribute towards the development of a quantitative approach for assessing lightning risk at industrial facilities, lightning-triggered accident case histories were retrieved from the major industrial accident databases and analysed to extract information on types of vulnerable equipment, failure dynamics and damage states, as well as on the final consequences of the event. The most vulnerable category of equipment is storage tanks. Lightning damage is incurred by immediate ignition, electrical and electronic systems failure or structural damage with subsequent release. Toxic releases and tank fires tend to be the most common scenarios associated with lightning strikes. Oil, diesel and gasoline are the substances most frequently released during lightning-triggered Natech accidents. PMID:20817399

Renni, Elisabetta; Krausmann, Elisabeth; Cozzani, Valerio

2010-12-15

483

Industrial lead paint removal specifications  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader as to some of the pertinent rules and regulations promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) that may effect an industrial lead paint removal project. The paper discusses a recommended schedule of procedures and preparations to be followed by the lead paint removal specification writer when analyzing the possible impact of the project on the environment, the public and workers. Implications of the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) along with hazardous waste handling, manifesting, transporting and disposal procedures are discussed with special emphasis placed as to their impact on the writer and the facility owner. As the rules and regulations are highly complex, the writer has attempted to explain the methodology currently being used in state-of-the-art industrial lead abatement specifications.

Stone, R.C. [S.G. Pinney and Associates, Inc., Port St. Lucie, FL (United States)

1997-06-01

484

Cutinases: properties and industrial applications.  

PubMed

Cutinases, also known as cutin hydrolases (EC 3.1.1.74) are enzymes first discovered from phytopathogenic fungi that grow on cutin as the sole carbon source. Cutin is a complex biopolymer composed of epoxy and hydroxy fatty acids, and forms the structural component of higher plants cuticle. These enzymes share catalytic properties of lipases and esterases, presenting a unique feature of being active regardless the presence of an oil-water interface, making them interesting as biocatalysts in several industrial processes involving hydrolysis, esterification, and trans-esterification reactions. Cutinases present high stability in organic solvents and ionic liquids, both free and microencapsulated in reverse micelles. These characteristics allow the enzyme application in different areas such as food industry, cosmetics, fine chemicals, pesticide and insecticide degradation, treatment and laundry of fiber textiles, and polymer chemistry. The present chapter describes the characteristics, potential applications, and new perspectives for these enzymes. PMID:19203649

Pio, Tatiana Fontes; Macedo, Gabriela Alves

2009-01-01

485

Industrial use of immobilized enzymes.  

PubMed

Although many methods for enzyme immobilization have been described in patents and publications, relatively few processes employing immobilized enzymes have been successfully commercialized. The cost of most industrial enzymes is often only a minor component in overall process economics, and in these instances, the additional costs associated with enzyme immobilization are often not justified. More commonly the benefit realized from enzyme immobilization relates to the process advantages that an immobilized catalyst offers, for example, enabling continuous production, improved stability and the absence of the biocatalyst in the product stream. The development and attributes of several established and emerging industrial applications for immobilized enzymes, including high-fructose corn syrup production, pectin hydrolysis, debittering of fruit juices, interesterification of food fats and oils, biodiesel production, and carbon dioxide capture are reviewed herein, highlighting factors that define the advantages of enzyme immobilization. PMID:23436023

DiCosimo, Robert; McAuliffe, Joseph; Poulose, Ayrookaran J; Bohlmann, Gregory

2013-08-01

486

Industrial extension, the Oklahoma way  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oklahoma has established a customer-driven industrial extension system. A publicly-chartered, private non-profit corporation, the Oklahoma Alliance for Manufacturing Excellence, Inc. (`the Alliance') coordinates the system. The system incorporates principles that Oklahoma manufacturers value: (1) decentralization and local accessibility; (2) coordinated existing resources; (3) comprehensive help; (4) interfirm cooperation; (5) pro-active outreach; (6) self- help and commitment from firms; (7) customer governance; and (8) performance accountability. The Oklahoma system consists of: (1) a network of locally-based broker/agents who work directly with manufacturers to diagnose problems and find appropriate assistance; (2) a group of industry sector specialists who collect and disseminate sector specific technological and market intelligence to the broker/agents and their clients; (3) all the specialized public and private sector resources coordinated by the system; and (4) a customer- driven coordination and evaluation mechanism, the Alliance.

Farrell, Edmund J.

1994-03-01

487

Submicroscopic fibres in industrial atmospheres.  

PubMed

Evidence obtained from a large number of samples of airborne dust from a number of different asbestos-using industries suggests that it would be possible to use gravimetric sampling to estimate the respirable fibre concentration of the atmosphere around specific operations. The precision of this method of estimating airborne fibre concentration is shown to be approximately the same as the variation between different counters using existing counting techniques. Tables are included showing the fibre content of industrial dusts in millions of fibres/mg of dust and the factors (with 95% confidence limits) by which light microscope counts should be multiplied to give the true counts of fibres longer than 5 micrometers. PMID:7014440

Rendall, R E; Skikne, M I

1980-01-01

488

TCR industrial system integration strategy  

E-print Network

New turnkey data acquisition systems purchased from industry are being integrated into CERN's Technical Data Server. The short time available for system integration and the large amount of data per system require a standard and modular design. Four different integration layers have been defined in order to easily 'plug in' industrial systems. The first layer allows the integration of the equipment at the digital I/O port or fieldbus (Profibus-DP) level. A second layer permits the integration of PLCs (Siemens S5, S7 and Telemecanique); a third layer integrates equipment drivers. The fourth layer integrates turnkey mimic diagrams in the TCR operator console. The second and third layers use two new event-driven protocols based on TCP/IP. Using this structure, new systems are integrated in the data transmission chain, the layer at which they are integrated depending only on their integration capabilities.

Bartolomé, R; Sollander, P; Martini, R; Vercoutter, B; Trebulle, M

1999-01-01

489

Industrial screening programs for workers  

SciTech Connect

Industrial screening efforts to identify classes of workers who are more susceptible to workplace hazards, by virtue of their fertility, genetic, or lifestyle characteristics, represent a relatively new approach to reducing workplace risks. Screening is attractive on cost and effectiveness grounds. It offers the firm an inexpensive alternative to reducing further workplace emissions. It may provide the only acceptable solution where no level of exposure is deemed acceptable for some workers. Screening has, however, already raised some important economic, legal, social, medical, and moral questions. Employers, employees, administrative agencies, and the courts are offering different, often conflicting answers. Ultimately, the acceptability of various screening schemes rests upon judgments about how a society justifies the distribution of risk. The questions that industrial screening programs raise are only partially answered by empirical evidence; the rest is a matter of values. 38 references, 1 figure, 3 tables.

Lavine, M.P.

1982-06-01

490

Industrial energy-flow management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deregulation of the energy market has created new opportunities for the development of new energy-management methods based on energy assets, risk management, energy efficiency and sustainable development. Industrial energy-flow management in pharmaceutical systems, with a responsible approach to sustainable development, is a complex task. For this reason, an energy-information centre, with over 14,000 online measured data\\/nodes, was implemented. This paper

Marko Lampret; Venceslav Bukovec; Andrej Paternost; Srecko Krizman; Vito Lojk; Iztok Golobic

2009-01-01

491

Industrial energy-flow management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deregulation of the energy market has created new opportunities for the development of new energy-management methods based on energy assets, risk management, energy efficiency and sustainable development. Industrial energy-flow management in pharmaceutical systems, with a responsible approach to sustainable development, is a complex task. For this reason, an energy-information centre, with over 14,000 online measured data\\/nodes, was implemented. This paper

Marko Lampret; Venceslav Bukovec; Andrej Paternost; Srecko Krizman; Vito Lojk; Iztok Golobic

2007-01-01

492

The industrial fabrication of 3\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

A very challenging industrial application of optical grade LiTaO3 (LT) Z-cut crystals is the second harmonic generation (SHG) by quasi-phase-matched (QPM) frequency conversion for compact, efficient and high performance visible light emission in solid-state lasers. To achieve QPM conditions the electrical periodic poling (PPLT) is used on LiTaO3 optical grade substrates. Due to the main application of LT substrates for

F. Caccavale; D. Cailejo; C. Dragoni; A. Morbiato; M. Musolino; M. Properzi

2005-01-01

493

Industrial Engineering at Warp Speed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Warp Speed is a high-impact, easy-to-implement experiential activity that can be used to enhance learning for a variety of industrial engineering topics, including facility layout, work methods, process improvement, and production control. Experiential activities provide a useful method for presenting engineering concepts in a way that more closely models real world problem complexity, thus addressing ABET program outcomes. Such activities

Jessica O. Matson; Kenneth W. Hunter; Michael J. Schwandt

494

Industrial Biotechnology: Discovery to Delivery  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Fermentation products have penetrated almost every sector of our daily lives. They are used in ethical and generic drugs,\\u000a clinical and home diagnostics, defense products, nutritional supplements, personal care products, food and animal feed ingredients,\\u000a cleaning and textile processing, and in industrial applications such as fuel ethanol production. Even before knowing about\\u000a the existence of microorganisms, for thousands of years

Gopal K. Chotani; Timothy C. Dodge; Alfred L. Gaertner; Michael V. Arbige

495

The Insurance Industry in Mauritius  

Microsoft Academic Search

The insurance industry is relatively well developed. It makes extensive use of reinsurance facilities and is free from the pervasive premium, product, investment, and reinsurance controls that have bedeviled the insurance markets of so many developing countries around the world.Total premiums amounted in 2001 to 4.1 percent of GDP, while insurance company assets were equivalent to 18 percent of GDP.Life

Dimitri Vittas

2003-01-01

496

From Philosophical to Industrial Logics  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the surprising developments in the area of program verification is how ideas introduced by logicians in the early part\\u000a of the 20th Century ended up yielding by the 21 Century industrial-standard property-specification languages. This development\\u000a was enabled by the equally unlikely transformation of the mathematical machinery of automata on infinite words, introduced\\u000a in the early 1960s for second-order

Moshe Y. Vardi

2009-01-01

497

Industrial Materials Processing Laser Markets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The way I would like to handle this morning is first, to give you an overview before I put anything up in terms of slides. An overview of the study that we produced a couple of months ago. It is entitled "Industrial Materials Processing Laser Markets", and if you want information on that particular study, then you can speak with me at the coffee break.

Followwill, Dorman

1989-03-01

498

Electrotechnologies and Industrial Pollution Control  

E-print Network

which substitute low temperature plasmas produced in arc discharges or microwave cavities as etchants. These processes are essentially pollution-free, since the etchant gases are chemically active only so long as the electrical excitation... heating: While primarily applicable in the metals industries, induction heating has been applied in special process heating applications. The rotary induction kiln, recently developed in Great Britain, provides a means of drying and calcining bulk...

Schmidt, P. S.

499

Industry Offers Opportunities and Incentives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode of ATETV focuses on "hands-on learning in Electronics Engineering, industry needs that inform classroom practice, and the great incentives available for female students studying Laser and Photonics Technology." The episode can be watched in full or through the three segments. Running time for the full episode of this streaming video is 8:58.

500

Industrial Jobs for Chemistry Majors  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of SUNY professor Harry E. Pence's Website, The Alchemist's Lair, Industrial Jobs for Chemistry Majors provides a healthy mix of search advice and links to help recent graduates find general employment sources, entry level science jobs, and temporary science jobs. While some links lead to valuable advice, other links offer direct access to places like America's Job Bank and the Nonprofit Career Center. An excellent resource for chemistry graduates in search of work.

Pence, Harry E.