Liu, Feng
reports results from comprehensive pressure measurements of a circular cone-cylinder model in a low of circular cone Graduate Student, Department of Fluid Mechanics. Professor, Department of Fluid Mechanics Reynolds number effect research has been focused on ogive cylinder. The maximum side force is reduced
Mass-induced transition in fermion number
Aragao de Carvalho, C.; Pureza, J. M.
1989-05-15
We show that if we increase the mass of fermions in interaction with a topological (kink) scalar background in 1+1 dimensions, the fractional fermion number of the system will eventually vanish. The transition is sharp and corresponds to the disappearance of localized states from the spectrum of a Dirac operator which is exactly solvable. Possible applications to different physical systems are discussed.
Neutrino mass, lepton number, and the origin of matter
Neutrino mass, lepton number, and the origin of matter Hamish Robertson, NSAC WG Meeting radiation for neutrino mass measurement #12;5 Neutrinos oscillate, have mass Super-Kamiokande KamLAND SNO. There are also CP- violating phase(s). " = h p ! pi " pj # (m j 2 " mi 2 ) L 2E Depends on mass
ACAL32, Berkeley, 23-26 March 2001 COMPLEX SENTENCES IN AFRICAN LANGUAGES
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
of syntactic integration and its exponents B. CARON LLACAN* Descriptions of complex sentences in AfricanACAL32, Berkeley, 23-26 March 2001 COMPLEX SENTENCES IN AFRICAN LANGUAGES A tentative typology in the integration of the dependent clause (D) into the matrix clause (M). The paper will present a list
2000 JAPAN-USA Symposium on Flexible Automation July 23-26, 2000, Ann Arbor, MI
Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"
2000 JAPAN-USA Symposium on Flexible Automation July 23-26, 2000, Ann Arbor, MI 2000JUSFA-US1 OFF-LINE ERROR RECOVERY LOGIC SYNTHESIS IN AUTOMATED ASSEMBLY LINES BY USING GENETIC PROGRAMMING Cem M. Baydar by the experts or automated error recovery logic controllers embedded in the system. The previous work
Neutrino masses in the Lepton Number Violating MSSM
Athanasios Dedes; Steven Rimmer; Janusz Rosiek
2006-07-06
We consider the most general supersymmetric model with minimal particle content and an additional discrete Z_3 symmetry (instead of R-parity), which allows lepton number violating terms and results in non-zero Majorana neutrino masses. We investigate whether the currently measured values for lepton masses and mixing can be reproduced. We set up a framework in which Lagrangian parameters can be initialised without recourse to assumptions concerning trilinear or bilinear superpotential terms, CP-conservation or intergenerational mixing and analyse in detail the one loop corrections to the neutrino masses. We present scenarios in which the experimental data are reproduced and show the effect varying lepton number violating couplings has on the predicted atmospheric and solar mass^2 differences. We find that with bilinear lepton number violating couplings in the superpotential of the order 1 MeV the atmospheric mass scale can be reproduced. Certain trilinear superpotential couplings, usually, of the order of the electron Yukawa coupling can give rise to either atmospheric or solar mass scales and bilinear supersymmetry breaking terms of the order 0.1 GeV^2 can set the solar mass scale. Further details of our calculation, Lagrangian, Feynman rules and relevant generic loop diagrams, are presented in three Appendices.
Occupation number-based energy functional for nuclear masses
M. Bertolli; T. Papenbrock; S. Wild
2011-10-19
We develop an energy functional with shell-model occupations as the relevant degrees of freedom and compute nuclear masses across the nuclear chart. The functional is based on Hohenberg-Kohn theory with phenomenologically motivated terms. A global fit of the 17-parameter functional to nuclear masses yields a root-mean-square deviation of \\chi = 1.31 MeV. Nuclear radii are computed within a model that employs the resulting occupation numbers.
Acute respiratory effects of particles: mass or number?
T Osunsanya; G Prescott; A Seaton
2001-01-01
OBJECTIVESTo determine whether associations might be found, in patients with chronic airflow obstruction, between symptoms, peak flow rate (PEF), and particle mass and numbers, and to assess which measure was most closely associated with changes in health. Epidemiological studies have shown associations between particulate air pollution and cardiovascular and respiratory disease, and it has been proposed that these may be
Electric potential patterns deduced for the SUNDIAL period of September 23-26, 1986
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Emery, B. A.; Richmond, A. D.; Kroehl, H. W.; Wells, C. D.; Ruohoniemi, J. M.
1990-01-01
High-latitude electric potential and ionospheric conductance patterns are presented and discussed for the Northern Hemisphere during the SUNDIAL period of September 23-26, 1986 using the Assimilative Mapping of Ionospheric Electrodynamics (AMIE) technique of Richmond and Kamide (1988). Data sources used for the model are satellite and ground magnetometers, electron precipitation instruments, incoherent scatter radars, and ionospheric coherent radars. The period was characterized by many substorms, and a wide variety of instantaneous patterns of electrodynamic parameters on a hemispheric scale are derived throughout this period, of which only a few examples are displayed. The entire set of electric potentials and conductances are being made available through the NCAR CEDAR Data Base for further analysis and utilization in simulation models.
Neutrino masses in lepton number violating mSUGRA
Kom, Steve C. H.
2008-11-23
In SUSY models which violate R-parity, there exist trilinear lepton number violating (LNV) operators which can lead to neutrino masses. If these operators are defined at the unification scale, the renormalization group flow becomes important and generally leads to one neutrino mass much heavier than the others. We study, in a minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) set-up with two trilinear LNV operators and three charged lepton mixing angles, numerically how these parameters may be arranged to be compatible with neutrino oscillation data, and discuss some phenomenological observations.
San Juan, Puerto Rico -Jueves 07 Diciembre 2006. Actualizado a las 5:23:26 PM ANTERIOR | SIGUIENTE
endi.com San Juan, Puerto Rico - Jueves 07 Diciembre 2006. Actualizado a las 5:23:26 PM « ANTERIOR Puerto Rico", manifestó. El radiotelescopio es parte del Centro Nacional de Astronomía e Ionosfera (NAIC / Puerto Rico Hoy Por The Associated Press (10:05 a.m.) Pidió a la NSF que no adopte las recomendaciones de
Dipolar modulation in number counts of WISE-2MASS sources
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yoon, Mijin; Huterer, Dragan; Gibelyou, Cameron; Kovács, András; Szapudi, István
2014-11-01
We test the statistical isotropy of the Universe by analysing the distribution of WISE extragalactic sources that were also observed by 2MASS. We pay particular attention to colour cuts and foreground marginalization in order to cull a uniform sample of extragalactic objects and avoid stars. We detect a dipole gradient in the number counts with an amplitude of ˜0.05, somewhat larger than expectations based on local structures corresponding to the depth and (independently measured) bias of our WISE-2MASS sources. The direction of the dipole, (l, b) ? (310°, -15°), is in reasonably good agreement with that found previously in the (shallower) 2MASS Extended Source Catalog alone. Interestingly, the dipole direction is not far from the direction of the dipolar modulation in the cosmic microwave background found by Planck, and also fairly closely matches large-scale structure bulk-flow directions found by various groups using galaxies and Type Ia supernovae. It is difficult, however, to draw specific conclusions from the near-agreement of these directions.
Watson, Charles; Provis, Jan; Herculano-Houzel, Suzana
2012-10-01
How does the number of motor neurons in the brain correlate with the muscle mass to be controlled in the body? Numbers of motor neurons are known to be adjusted during development by cell death, but the change in the percentage of surviving motor neurons in response to experimental changes in target muscle mass is relatively small. Here we address the quantitative matching between final numbers of motor neurons in the facial nucleus and body mass (which we use as a proxy for the muscle mass). In 22 marsupial species, we found that the number of facial motor neurons is strongly correlated with body mass, and scales across species as a power function of body mass with a very small exponent of 0.184, which is close to the exponent found in primates from previously published data. With such an exponent, doubling the body mass is accompanied by a modest increase of only 14% in numbers of facial motor neurons, while halving body mass results in a decrease of only 12%. These numbers are remarkably similar to the 15-20% increase or 8% decrease in the number of spinal cord motor neurons that results from experimental or natural doubling or reducing by half the target muscle field of birds and amphibians. The scaling rule presented here might thus account for the quantitative matching of motor neurons to their target muscle mass in evolution. With this small scaling exponent, our data also raise the possibility that larger animals will have larger motor units. PMID:22847866
Acute respiratory effects of particles: mass or number?
Osunsanya, T; Prescott, G; Seaton, A
2001-01-01
OBJECTIVES—To determine whether associations might be found, in patients with chronic airflow obstruction, between symptoms, peak flow rate (PEF), and particle mass and numbers, and to assess which measure was most closely associated with changes in health. Epidemiological studies have shown associations between particulate air pollution and cardiovascular and respiratory disease, and it has been proposed that these may be mediated by particles of nm size (ultrafine).?METHODS—Relations were investigated between symptom scores, PEF, and bronchodilator use in 44 patients aged ?50 years with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and daily measurements of both mass of ambient particles of aerodynamic diameter less than 10 µm (PM10) and numbers of ultrafine particles (<100 nm), allowing for meteorological variables. Symptom scores, bronchodilator use, and PEF were recorded daily for 3 months. Counts of ultrafine particles were made by the TSI model 3934 scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) and PM10 measurements by the tapered element oscillating microbalance (TEOM).?RESULTS—Ultrafine particle counts indoors and outdoors were significantly correlated, those indoors being about half of those outdoors. No associations were found between actual PEF and PM10 or ultrafine particles. However, there was a 19% increase in the rate of 10% decrements in daytime PEF with increases in PM10 from 10 to 20 µg/m3 which was of borderline significance (p=0.05). A change in PM10 from 10 to 20 µg/m3 was significantly associated with a 14% increase in the rate of high scores of shortness of breath (p=0.003). A similar change in PM10 as a moving average of the same day and 2 previous days was associated with a 31% increase in the rate of high scores for cough (p=0.02). Cough symptoms were also associated with lower temperatures (p=0.02). Higher use of medicines was also associated with higher PM10, but the increases were very small in clinical terms.?CONCLUSIONS—Evidence was not found to support the hypothesis that the component of particulate pollution responsible for effects on respiratory symptoms or function resides in the fraction below 100 nm diameter. The consistent associations between symptoms and PM10 suggest that a contribution of the coarser fraction should not be dismissed. Further studies will be needed before the conclusions of this specific project may be generalised.???Keywords: air pollution; ultrafine particles; chronic obstructive lung disease PMID:11171927
Volume 5 Number 2 2013 Convective Mass Transfer From
Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi
date ////// Abstract Longevity of entrapped air is an outstanding problem for using superhydrophobicStokes equations. Longevity, or time-dependent hydrophobicity, can be estimated from the resulting mass be adjusted to optimize the drag reduction [16] and the stability of the airwater interface [17] against
Low Peclet number mass and momentum transport in microcavities
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yew, A. G.; Pinero, D.; Hsieh, A. H.; Atencia, J.
2013-02-01
For the informed design of microfluidic devices, it is important to understand transport phenomena at the microscale. This letter outlines an analytically driven approach to the design of rectangular microcavities extending perpendicular to a perfusion microchannel for applications that may include microfluidic cell culture devices. We present equations to estimate the transition from advection- to diffusion-dominant transport inside cavities as a function of the geometry and flow conditions. We also estimate the time required for molecules, such as nutrients or drugs, to travel from the microchannel to a given length into the cavity. These analytical predictions can facilitate the rational design of microfluidic devices to optimize and maintain long-term, low Peclet number environments with minimal fluid shear stress.
Museum! of Cooiparsitive Zoology Cambridge, Mass. 30 April, 1969 Number 316
Huey, Raymond B.
BREVIORA Museum! of Cooiparsitive Zoology Cambridge, Mass. 30 April, 1969 Number 316 CYTOTAXONOMIC data are presented for four species of iguanid lizards. Phenacosaurus heterodermus has a diploid number metacentric macrochromosomes. The exact number of microchromosomes was not ascertained, but it is quite
Phytoremediation of hazardous wastes. Technical report, 23--26 July 1995
McCutcheon, S.C.; Wolfe, N.L.; Carreria, L.H.; Ou, T.
1995-07-26
A new and innovative approach to phytoremediation (the use of plants to degrade hazardous contaminants) was developed. The new approach to phytoremediation involves rigorous pathway analyses, mass balance determinations, and identification of specific enzymes that break down trinitrotoluene (TNT), other explosives (RDX and HMX), nitrobenzene, and chlorinated solvents (e.g., TCE and PCE) (EPA 1994). As a good example, TNT is completely and rapidly degraded by nitroreductase and laccase enzymes. The aromatic ring is broken and the carbon in the ring fragments is incorporated into new plant fiber, as part of the natural lignification process. Half lives for TNT degradation approach 1 hr or less under ideal laboratory conditions. Continuous-flow pilot studies indicate that scale up residence times in created wetlands may be two to three times longer than in laboratory batch studies. The use of created wetlands and land farming techniques guided by rigorous field biochemistry and ecology promises to be a vital part of a newly evolving field, ecological engineering.
Fluctuations in the number of intermediate mass fragments in small projectile like fragments
S. Mallik; G. Chaudhuri; S. Das Gupta
2011-11-02
The origin of fluctuations in the average number of intermediate mass fragments seen in experiments in small projectile like fragments is discussed. We argue that these can be explained on the basis of a recently proposed model of projectile fragmentation.
Papadopoulos, Christos
In the First International Conference on Web Services (ICWS), Las Vegas, Nevada, June 23-26, 2003. 1 Proteus: A System for Dynamically Composing and Intelligently Executing Web Services1 Shahram at will and predict the future. Abstract Many organizations envision web services as an enabling component of Internet
The two-volume proceedings document the 1987 Joint (EPA and EPRI) Symposium on Stationary Combustion NOx Control, held March 23-26, 1987 in New Orleans, LA. The 49 presentations covered: low NOx combustion developments (e.g., reburning and burner design modifications); coal-, oil...
Impact of the Knudsen number and mass-transfer expression on multi-phase kinetic modeling
Dabdub, Donald
Impact of the Knudsen number and mass-transfer expression on multi-phase kinetic modeling Prasad such detailed models are intractable when used in large three-dimensional simulations, valuable insight-transfer coefficient Interfacial reaction Multi-phase kinetics a b s t r a c t Three different mass
Construction of Oscillating Chemical Register Machines on Binary Numbers using Mass-Action Kinetics
Hinze, Thomas
Construction of Oscillating Chemical Register Machines on Binary Numbers using Mass-Action Kinetics techniques. Motivated by the idea to build chemical com- puters based on minimal requirements in chemistry, we introduce pure chemical register machines operating on binary numbers whose architecture
Volume 5 Number 3+4 2013 Convective Mass Transfer from
Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi
, in turn, holds promise for a broad range of applications. Longevity of the entrapped air is an outstanding optimized by Reynolds, Kays, and Kline (1958). A mass- transfer correlation is derived as a function of the surface geometry (or gas area fraction), Reynolds number, and Schmidt number. Longevity, or time
Rosati, J Y; Pacheco, V A; Vankosky, M A; VanLaerhoven, S L
2015-07-01
Little work has been done to quantify the number of eggs oviposited by blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in studies examining colonization behavior. Egg counting methods currently available are time-consuming and destructive. This study used ImageJ software and analysis of covariance to relate the volume of egg masses to the number of eggs laid by three different blow fly species: Lucilia sericata (Meigen), Phormia regina (Meigen), and Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart). Egg mass volume, species, and the interaction of species and egg mass volume all affected the number of blow fly eggs deposited in egg masses. Both species identity and egg mass volume are important when predicting egg number, as such a single regression equation cannot be used to estimate egg number for these three species. Therefore, simple linear regression equations were determined for each species. The volume of individual eggs was incorporated into the model, yet differences between species were observed, suggesting that the orientation of the eggs oviposited by multiple conspecific females within egg masses influences egg estimates. Based on our results, we expect that imaging software can be used for other blow fly species, as well as other insect species; however, equations specific to each species must be developed. This study describes an important tool for quantifying egg deposition in a nondestructive manner, which is important in studying the colonization behavior and life history of insects of ecological and forensic importance. PMID:26335472
Source and Health Implication of Diurnal Atmospheric PM Mass and Number Concentrations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Li, W.; Olvera, H. A.; Garcia, J. H.; Pingitore, N. E.
2007-12-01
Exposure to atmospheric PM has been known to be associated with adverse health effects, decreased heart-rate variability, and respiratory and cardiopulmonary related morbidity and mortality. New evidence suggests that physical characteristics (mass, size, number, surface area, and morphology) of particles are strongly associated with mortality and morbidity through acute exposure. In particular, as reported in the literature, fine or ultrafine particles are more toxic than coarse particles on an equivalent mass basis while particles of less than 30 nm or greater than 2.5 um in diameter deposit more effectively (approximately 80 percent) in lung versus approximately 18 percent for particles in the range of 100 nm and 1 um. In addition, positive association has been observed between day to day variation in PM2.5 and hospital admissions, mortality and particle surface area, or particle number concentration and oxidative stress-induced DNA damage. This presentation shows the results of a study characterizing the physical properties of PM in El Paso, Texas. Diurnal PM mass concentration peaks previously observed at several other cities along the U.S.-Mexico border and elsewhere in the world were observed in El Paso. The hourly PM particle count varied from less than 10,000 particles/cm3 to greater than 80,000 particles/cm3 during the diurnal PM mass peaks. The total number of PM particles peaked in the morning and in the evening while the mode of the particle size changed from 20 nm to 50 nm, indicating different PM sources may be responsible for the mass and number concentrations and agglomeration of particles in the atmosphere during the day may possibly plays a role. A multivariate regression analysis was performed to correlate the PM mass and number concentrations to environmental variables. Real- time wind statistics were used in conjunction with traffic data at a nearby highway for identifying sources of the PM mass and number concentration peaks. Evaluation of the diurnal variation of PM physical properties and a recent study on PM mass and mortality implies that particle number may be a better environmental indicator for mortality than PM2.5 mass. This publication was made possible by grant number 1 S11 ES013339-01A1 from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), NIH. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIEHS, NIH.
Scaling of offspring number and mass to plant and animal size: model and meta-analysis
Mulder, Christian
2008-01-01
The scaling of reproductive parameters to body size is important for understanding ecological and evolutionary patterns. Here, we derived allometric relationships for the number and mass of seeds, eggs and neonates from an existing model on population production. In a separate meta-analysis, we collected 79 empirical regressions on offspring mass and number covering different taxa and various habitats. The literature review served as a validation of the model, whereas, vice versa, consistency of isolated regressions with each other and related ecological quantities was checked with the model. The total offspring mass delivered in a reproductive event scaled to adult size with slopes in the range of about 3/4 to 1. Exponents for individual seed, egg and neonate mass varied around 1/2 for most heterotherms and between 3/4 and 1 for most homeotherms. The scaling of the progeny number released in a sowing, clutch or litter was opposite to that of their size. The linear regressions fitted into a triangular envelope where maximum offspring mass is limited by the size of the adult. Minimum seed and egg size scaled with weight exponents of approximately 0 up to 1/4. These patterns can be explained by the influence of parents on the fate of their offspring, covering the continuum of r-strategists (pelagic–aquatic, arial, most invertebrates, heterotherms) and K-strategists (littoral–terrestrial, some invertebrates, homeotherms). PMID:18196279
Wolfram Birmili; Alfred Wiedensohler; Jost Heintzenberg; Katrin Lehmann
2001-01-01
Atmospheric particle number size distributions determined over 1.5 years at a central European site were statistically analyzed in terms of their relation to time of day, season, meteorology, and synoptic-scale air masses. All size distributions were decomposed into lognormal particle modes corresponding to the accumulation, Aitken, aged nucleation, and nucleation modes. The concentration of nucleation mode particles (30 nm) lacked
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Engler, Christa; Heinold, Bernd; Tegen, Ina
2014-05-01
The atmospheric Chemistry Transport Model system COSMO-MUSCAT was used to determine the particle mass concentrations of dust and anthropogenically emitted aerosol particles over Europe. The model system consists of the online coupled code of the operational forecast model COSMO (Schättler et al., 2009) and the chemistry-transport model MUSCAT (Wolke et al., 2012). For a four-months-period in 2008 (May to August), the dust and anthropogenic aerosol mass concentrations for six different species (sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, organic and elemental carbon and sea salt) were simulated. For the dust, five different size bins were used and a representative particle size and density were assumed for each size bin. Afterwards, the number concentration was calculated. For the anthropogenic aerosol, lognormal modes were assumed with a representative mode diameter, sigma and density for each component. These parameters were then used to convert the simulated mass concentrations to number concentrations and number size distributions for each component. Those individual size distributions can then be summed up to a total particle number size distribution. A first comparison with measurement data from the Cape Verde Islands showed a good agreement between observed and simulated dust particle size distributions. Both, the shape of the number size distributions and the order of magnitude of the particle number concentrations compared well. Only for the smallest size bin, observed numbers were occasionally higher, which can be explained by anthropogenic or biomass burning aerosol, which is included in the measurements of the total particle size distributions but was not included in the model runs. Comparisons of measured and simulated size distributions of the anthropogenic aerosol will be available soon. In case the data are available, we will also present an estimation of the particle number concentrations with the aerosol microphysical aerosol module ext-M7 for the duration of a measurement campaign in spring 2013 (HOPE).
Mass Spectrum and Number of Light Neutrinos: An Attempt of the Gauge Explanation
I. T. Dyatlov
2009-10-01
Symplectic flavour symmetry group Sp(n/2) (n is even) of n Majorana states does not allow for invariant Majorana masses. Only specific mass matrices with diagonal and nondiagonal elements are possible here. As a result of the spontaneous violation of flavour and chiral symmetries, a mass matrix could appear only for the number of flavours n = 6 and only together with R,L-symmetry violation (i.e., parity violation). The see-saw mechanism produces here three light and three heavy Dirac particles (neutrinos). The peculiarity of the observed light neutrino spectrum: two states located far from the third one, can be explained by certain simple properties of mass matrices appearing in Sp(3). The ordering of the states corresponds to normal mass hierarchy. Situation, when neutrino mass differences are significantly less than masses themselves, appears to be unrealizable here. Mixing angles for neutrinos can not be determined without understanding formation mechanisms for charged lepton spectrum and Majorana state weak currents.
Mean residence time of leaf number, area, mass, and nitrogen in canopy photosynthesis.
Hirose, Tadaki; Oikawa, Shimpei
2012-08-01
Mean residence time (MRT) of plant nitrogen (N), which is an indicator of the expected length of time N newly taken up is retained before being lost, is an important component in plant nitrogen use. Here we extend the concept MRT to cover such variables as leaf number, leaf area, leaf dry mass, and nitrogen in the canopy. MRT was calculated from leaf duration (i.e., time integral of standing amount) divided by the total production of leaf variables. We determined MRT in a Xanthium canadense stand established with high or low N availability. The MRT of leaf number may imply longevity of leaves in the canopy. We found that the MRT of leaf area and dry mass were shorter than that of leaf number, while the MRT of leaf N was longer. The relatively longer MRT of leaf N was due to N resorption before leaf shedding. The MRT of all variables was longer at low N availability. Leaf productivity is the rate of canopy photosynthesis per unit amount of leaf variables, and multiplication of leaf productivity by MRT gives the leaf photosynthetic efficiency (canopy photosynthesis per unit production of leaf variables). The photosynthetic efficiency of leaf number implies the lifetime carbon gain of a leaf in the canopy. The analysis of plant-level N use efficiency by evaluating the N productivity and MRT is a well-established approach. Extension of these concepts to leaf number, area, mass, and N in the canopy will clarify the underlying logic in the study of leaf life span, leaf area development, and dry mass and N use in canopy photosynthesis. PMID:22349752
Unsteady mass transfer from oil sand spheres in convective streams at low Reynolds number
Abdrabboh, M.A. (Al-Azhan Univ., Mechanical Engineering Dept., Cairo (EG)); Karim, G.A. (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Univ. of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (CA))
1990-12-01
This paper reports on the process of transient mass transfer in and around oil sand spheres that was investigated experimentally. Preshaped molded spherical particles of Athabasca oil sands were subjected to hot air streams at atmospheric pressure and constant temperature ranging from 150{degrees}C up to 475{degrees}C with a uniform stream velocity covering the range 0.15 m/s up to 1.7 m/s and Reynolds number over the range 33-1650. The rate of mass loss due to fluid volatilization for each set of experimental conditions was established and correlated with the residence time in terms of dimensionless groupings.
Connecting Neutrino Masses and Dark Matter by High-dimensional Lepton Number Violation Operator
Geng, Chao-Qiang; Tsai, Lu-Hsing; Wang, Qing
2015-01-01
We propose a new model with the Majorana neutrino masses generated at two-loop level, in which the lepton number violation (LNV) processes, such as neutrinoless double beta decays, are mainly induced by the dimension-7 LNV effective operator O_7=\\bar l_R^c \\gamma^\\mu L_L(D_mu \\Phi) \\Phi \\Phi. Note that it is necessary to impose an Z_2 symmetry in order that O_7 dominates over the conventional dimension-5 Weinberg operator, which naturally results in a stable Z_2-odd neutral particle to be the cold dark matter candidate. More interestingly, due to the non-trivial dependence of the charged lepton masses, the model predicts the neutrino mass matrix to be in the form of the normal hierarchy. We also focus on a specific parameter region of great phenomenological interests, such as electroweak precision tests, dark matter direct searches along with its relic abundance, and lepton flavor violation processes.
Constraints on the dark matter particle mass from the number of Milky Way satellites
Polisensky, Emil; Ricotti, Massimo
2011-02-15
We have conducted N-body simulations of the growth of Milky Way-sized halos in cold and warm dark matter cosmologies. The number of dark matter satellites in our simulated Milky Ways decreases with decreasing mass of the dark matter particle. Assuming that the number of dark matter satellites exceeds or equals the number of observed satellites of the Milky Way, we derive lower limits on the dark matter particle mass. We find with 95% confidence m{sub s}>13.3 keV for a sterile neutrino produced by the Dodelson and Widrow mechanism, m{sub s}>8.9 keV for the Shi and Fuller mechanism, m{sub s}>3.0 keV for the Higgs decay mechanism, and m{sub WDM}>2.3 keV for a thermal dark matter particle. The recent discovery of many new dark matter dominated satellites of the Milky Way in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey allows us to set lower limits comparable to constraints from the complementary methods of Lyman-{alpha} forest modeling and x-ray observations of the unresolved cosmic x-ray background and of dark matter halos from dwarf galaxy to cluster scales. Future surveys like LSST, DES, PanSTARRS, and SkyMapper have the potential to discover many more satellites and further improve constraints on the dark matter particle mass.
Constraints on the Dark Matter Particle Mass from the Number of Milky Way Satellites
Emil Polisensky; Massimo Ricotti
2011-03-29
We have conducted N-body simulations of the growth of Milky Way-sized halos in cold and warm dark matter cosmologies. The number of dark matter satellites in our simulated Milky Ways decreases with decreasing mass of the dark matter particle. Assuming that the number of dark matter satellites exceeds or equals the number of observed satellites of the Milky Way we derive lower limits on the dark matter particle mass. We find with 95% confidence m_s > 13.3 keV for a sterile neutrino produced by the Dodelson and Widrow mechanism, m_s > 8.9 keV for the Shi and Fuller mechanism, m_s > 3.0 keV for the Higgs decay mechanism, and m_{WDM} > 2.3 keV for a thermal dark matter particle. The recent discovery of many new dark matter dominated satellites of the Milky Way in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey allows us to set lower limits comparable to constraints from the complementary methods of Lyman-alpha forest modeling and X-ray observations of the unresolved cosmic X-ray background and of dark matter halos from dwarf galaxy to cluster scales. Future surveys like LSST, DES, PanSTARRS, and SkyMapper have the potential to discover many more satellites and further improve constraints on the dark matter particle mass.
A mass flux closure function in a GCM based on the Richardson number
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yang, Young-Min; Kang, In-Sik; Almazroui, Mansour
2014-03-01
A mass flux closure in a general circulation model (GCM) was developed in terms of the mean gradient Richardson number (GRN), which is defined as the ratio between the buoyancy and the shear-driven kinetic energy in the planetary boundary layer. The cloud resolving model (CRM) simulations using the tropical ocean and global atmosphere-coupled ocean-atmosphere response experiment forcing show that cloud-base mass flux is well correlated with the GRN. Using the CRM simulations, a mass flux closure function is formulated as an exponential function of the GRN and it is implemented in the Arakawa-Schubert convective scheme. The GCM simulations with the new mass flux closure are compared to those of the GCM with the conventional mass flux closure based on convective available potential energy. Because of the exponential function, the new closure permits convective precipitation only when the GRN has a sufficiently large value. When the GRN has a relatively small value, the convection is suppressed while the convective instability is released by large-scale precipitation. As a result, the ratio of convective precipitation to total precipitation is reduced and there is an increase in the frequency of heavy precipitation, more similar to the observations. The new closure also improves the diurnal cycle of precipitation due to a time delay of the large GRN with respect to convective instability.
Zare, Richard N.
Laser-Based Mass Spectrometric Determination of Aggregation Numbers for Petroleum- and Coal: Petroleum- and coal-derived asphaltenes have been studied with three laser-based mass spectrometric techniques: laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (LDI-MS), in which a single laser desorbs
Rader, D.J.; Benson, D.A.
1995-05-01
This report presents the results of an experimental study of the aerosol produced by the combustion of high-velocity molten-uranium droplets produced by the simultaneous heating and electromagnetic launch of uranium wires. These tests are intended to simulate the reduction of high-velocity fragments into aerosol in high-explosive detonations or reactor accidents involving nuclear materials. As reported earlier, the resulting aerosol consists mainly of web-like chain agglomerates. A condensation nucleus counter was used to investigate the decay of the total particle concentration due to coagulation and losses. Number size distributions based on mobility equivalent diameter obtained soon after launch with a Differential Mobility Particle Sizer showed lognormal distributions with an initial count median diameter (CMD) of 0.3 {mu}m and a geometric standard deviation, {sigma}{sub g} of about 2; the CMD was found to increase and {sigma}{sub g} decrease with time due to coagulation. Mass size distributions based on aerodynamic diameter were obtained for the first time with a Microorifice Uniform Deposit Impactor, which showed lognormal distributions with mass median aerodynamic diameters of about 0.5 {mu}m and an aerodynamic geometric standard deviation of about 2. Approximate methods for converting between number and mass distributions and between mobility and aerodynamic equivalent diameters are presented.
Explicit formulas for Masses of Ternary Quadratic Lattices of varying determinant over Number Fields
Hanke, Jonathan
2011-01-01
This paper gives explicit formulas for the formal total mass Dirichlet series for integer-valued ternary quadratic lattices of varying determinant and fixed signature over number fields F where p = 2 splits completely. We prove this by using local genus invariants and local mass formulas to compute the local factors of the theory developed in [11]. When the signature is positive definite these formulas be checked against tables of positive definite ternary quadratic forms over Z, and we have written specialized software which checks these results when the Hessian determinant is \\leq 2 \\times 10^4. This work can also be applied to study the 2-parts of class groups of cubic fields (e.g. see [2]).
High-Schmidt-number mass transport mechanisms from a turbulent flow to absorbing sediments
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Scalo, Carlo; Piomelli, Ugo; Boegman, Leon
2012-08-01
We have investigated the mechanisms involved in dissolved oxygen (DO) transfer from a turbulent flow to an underlying organic sediment bed populated with DO-absorbing bacteria. Our numerical study relies on a previously developed and tested computational tool that couples a bio-geochemical model for the sediment layer and large-eddy simulation for transport on the water side. Simulations have been carried out in an open channel configuration for different Reynolds numbers (Re? = 180-1000), Schmidt numbers (Sc = 400-1000), and bacterial populations (?* = 100-700 mg l-1). We show that the average oxygen flux across the sediment-water interface (SWI) changes with Re? and Sc, in good agreement with classic heat-and-mass-transfer parametrizations. Time correlations at the SWI show that intermittent peaks in the wall-shear stress initiate the mass transfer and modulate its distribution in space and time. The diffusive sublayer acts as a de-noising filter with respect to the overlying turbulence; the instantaneous mass flux is not affected by low-amplitude background fluctuations in the wall-shear stress but, on the other hand, it is receptive to energetic and coherent near-wall transport events, in agreement with the surface renewal theory. The three transport processes involved in DO depletion (turbulent transport, molecular transport across the diffusive sublayer, and absorption in the organic sediment layer) exhibit distinct temporal and spatial scales. The rapidly evolving near-wall high-speed streaks transport patches of fluid to the edge of the diffusive sublayer, leaving slowly regenerating elongated patches of positive DO concentration fluctuations and mass flux at the SWI. The sediment surface retains the signature of the overlying turbulent transport over long time scales, allowed by the slow bacterial absorption.
Zou, Hua; Zhang, Qunwei; Xing, Mingluan; Gao, Xiangjing; Zhou, Lifang; Tollerud, David J; Tang, Shichuang; Zhang, Meibian
2015-08-01
No consistent metric for measuring exposure to nanoparticles has yet been agreed upon internationally. This study seeks to examine the relationship between the number concentration (NC), surface area concentration (SAC), and mass concentration (MC) of nanoparticles in workplaces. Real-time NC20-1000 nm, SAC10-1000 nm, and respirable MC100-1000 nm were determined for different nanoparticles. Concentration ratio (CR, activity: background), exposure ranking (ER), and between-metric correlation coefficients (R) were used to analyze the relationships between the three metrics. The ratio of cumulative percentage by number (APN) and cumulative percentage by mass (APM) was used to analyze whether the nanoparticle number is predominant, as compared with the nanoparticle mass. The CRs of NC20-1000 nm and SAC10-1000 nm for different nanoparticles at the corresponding work sites were higher than those of respirable MC100-1000 nm. The ERs of NC20-1000 nm for nano-Fe2O3 and nano-Al2O3 were the same as those of SAC10-1000 nm, but were inconsistent with those of respirable MC100-1000 nm. The order of correlation coefficients between NC20-1000 nm, SAC10-1000 nm, and respirable MC100-1000 nm was: RSAC and NC > RSAC and MC > RNC and MC. The ratios of APN and APM for nano-Al2O3 and grinding-wheel particles (less than 100 nm) at the same work site were 2.03 and 1.65, respectively. NC and SAC metrics are significantly distinct from the MC in characterizing exposure to airborne nanoparticles. Simultaneous measurements of the NC, SAC, and MC should be conducted as part of nanoparticle exposure assessment strategies and epidemiological studies. PMID:26166442
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Marinov, A.; Rodushkin, I.; Kolb, D.; Pape, A.; Kashiv, Y.; Brandt, R.; Gentry, R. V.; Miller, H. W.
Evidence for the possible existence of a superheavy nucleus with atomic mass number A = 292 and abundance of about 1×10-12 relative to 232Th has been found in a study of natural Th using inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry. The measured mass is different from any species with molecular mass of 292, but it matches the predictions for the mass of an isotope with atomic number Z = 122 or a nearby element. Its deduced half-life of t1/2 ? 108 y suggests that a long-lived isomeric state exists in this isotope. The possibility that it might belong to a new class of long-lived high spin super- and hyperdeformed isomeric states is discussed.
Low Mass-Damping Vortex-Induced Vibrations of a Single Cylinder at Moderate Reynolds Number.
Jus, Y; Longatte, E; Chassaing, J-C; Sagaut, P
2014-10-01
The feasibility and accuracy of large eddy simulation is investigated for the case of three-dimensional unsteady flows past an elastically mounted cylinder at moderate Reynolds number. Although these flow problems are unconfined, complex wake flow patterns may be observed depending on the elastic properties of the structure. An iterative procedure is used to solve the structural dynamic equation to be coupled with the Navier-Stokes system formulated in a pseudo-Eulerian way. A moving mesh method is involved to deform the computational domain according to the motion of the fluid structure interface. Numerical simulations of vortex-induced vibrations are performed for a freely vibrating cylinder at Reynolds number 3900 in the subcritical regime under two low mass-damping conditions. A detailed physical analysis is provided for a wide range of reduced velocities, and the typical three-branch response of the amplitude behavior usually reported in the experiments is exhibited and reproduced by numerical simulation. PMID:25278637
Altered solar wind-magnetosphere interaction at low Mach numbers: Coronal mass ejections
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lavraud, Benoit; Borovsky, Joseph E.
2008-09-01
We illustrate some fundamental alterations of the solar wind-magnetosphere interaction that occur during low Mach number solar wind. We first show that low Mach number solar wind conditions are often characteristic of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and magnetic clouds in particular. We then illustrate the pivotal role of the magnetosheath. This comes from the fact that low Mach number solar wind leads to the formation of a low thermal ? magnetosheath downstream of the bow shock. This property influences magnetic forces and currents, in particular, and in turn alters magnetosheath-magnetosphere coupling. The implications of this unusual regime of interaction have generally been overlooked. Potentially affected phenomena include the following: (1) asymmetric magnetosheath flows (with substantial enhancements), (2) asymmetric magnetopause and magnetotail shapes, (3) changes in the development of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability and giant spiral auroral features, (4) variations in the controlling factors of dayside magnetic reconnection, (5) cross polar cap potential saturation and Alfvén wings, and (6) global sawtooth oscillations. Here we examine these phenomena, primarily by use of global magnetohydrodynamic simulations, and discuss the mechanisms that rule such an altered interaction. We emphasize the fact that all these effects tend to occur simultaneously so as to render the solar wind-magnetosphere interaction drastically different from the more typical high Mach number case. In addition to the more extensively studied inner magnetosphere and magnetotail processes, these effects may have important implications during CME-driven storms at Earth, as well as at other astronomical bodies such as Mercury.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2013-06-14
The purpose of this video tutorial is to review a couple ways in which we think about numbers. Thinking in terms of street numbers, money in bank accounts, and quantum particles (e.g. Bose-Einstein condensate) is contrasted with focusing on associating numbers with distinguishable manipulatives, as is more familiar in K-8 courses. This video concludes with a reminder that the symbol "infinity" is not, itself, a number.
Marinov, A; Kolb, D; Pape, A; Kashiv, Y; Brandt, R; Gentry, R V; Miller, H W
2008-01-01
Evidence for the existence of a superheavy nucleus with atomic mass number A=292 and abundance (1-10)x10^(-12) relative to 232Th has been found in a study of natural Th using inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry. The measured mass matches the predictions [1,2] for the mass of an isotope with atomic number Z=122 or a nearby element. Its estimated half-life of t1/2 >= 10^8 y suggests that a long-lived isomeric state exists in this isotope. The possibility that it might belong to a new class of long-lived high spin super- and hyperdeformed isomeric states is discussed.[3-6
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Jo Edkins
2006-01-01
This engaging web site contains information and interactive applets related to various number systems: Egyptian, Babylonian, Chinese, Greek, Roman, Mayan, and Arabic. Users learn the history and structure of each system as well as how to count and write numbers. The site also allows users to explore finger systems, calculating machines, other number bases, and "interesting numbers." A series of pages on data and graphs includes information and activities on gathering, analyzing, graphing and sorting data. (Because the section on the Arabic number system is so extensive, it is cataloged separately as a related resource.)
COSMOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS FROM GALAXY CLUSTERING AND THE MASS-TO-NUMBER RATIO OF GALAXY CLUSTERS
Tinker, Jeremy L.; Blanton, Michael R.; Sheldon, Erin S.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Becker, Matthew R.; Rozo, Eduardo; Zu, Ying; Weinberg, David H.; Zehavi, Idit; Busha, Michael T.; Koester, Benjamin P.
2012-01-20
We place constraints on the average density ({Omega}{sub m}) and clustering amplitude ({sigma}{sub 8}) of matter using a combination of two measurements from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: the galaxy two-point correlation function, w{sub p} (r{sub p} ), and the mass-to-galaxy-number ratio within galaxy clusters, M/N, analogous to cluster M/L ratios. Our w{sub p} (r{sub p} ) measurements are obtained from DR7 while the sample of clusters is the maxBCG sample, with cluster masses derived from weak gravitational lensing. We construct nonlinear galaxy bias models using the Halo Occupation Distribution (HOD) to fit both w{sub p} (r{sub p} ) and M/N for different cosmological parameters. HOD models that match the same two-point clustering predict different numbers of galaxies in massive halos when {Omega}{sub m} or {sigma}{sub 8} is varied, thereby breaking the degeneracy between cosmology and bias. We demonstrate that this technique yields constraints that are consistent and competitive with current results from cluster abundance studies, without the use of abundance information. Using w{sub p} (r{sub p} ) and M/N alone, we find {Omega}{sup 0.5}{sub m}{sigma}{sub 8} = 0.465 {+-} 0.026, with individual constraints of {Omega}{sub m} = 0.29 {+-} 0.03 and {sigma}{sub 8} = 0.85 {+-} 0.06. Combined with current cosmic microwave background data, these constraints are {Omega}{sub m} = 0.290 {+-} 0.016 and {sigma}{sub 8} = 0.826 {+-} 0.020. All errors are 1{sigma}. The systematic uncertainties that the M/N technique are most sensitive to are the amplitude of the bias function of dark matter halos and the possibility of redshift evolution between the SDSS Main sample and the maxBCG cluster sample. Our derived constraints are insensitive to the current level of uncertainties in the halo mass function and in the mass-richness relation of clusters and its scatter, making the M/N technique complementary to cluster abundances as a method for constraining cosmology with future galaxy surveys.
Extended Glauber Model of Antiproton-Nucleus Annihilation for All Energies and Mass Numbers
Lee, Teck-Ghee; Wong, Cheuk-Yin
2014-01-01
Previous analytical formulas in the Glauber model for high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions developed by Wong are utilized and extended to study Antiproton-nucleus annihilations for both high and low energies, after taking into account the effects of Coulomb and nuclear interactions, and the change of the antiproton momentum inside a nucleus. The extended analytical formulas capture the main features of the experimental antiproton-nucleus annihilation cross sections for all energies and mass numbers. At high antiproton energies, they exhibit the granular property for the lightest nuclei and the black-disk limit for the heavy nuclei. At low antiproton energies, they display the effect of the antiproton momentum increase due to the nuclear interaction for the light nuclei, and the effect of the magnification due to the attractive Coulomb interaction for the heavy nuclei.
Volume 77B, number 2 PHYSICS LETTERS 31 July 1978 NUCLEON TUNNELLING MODEL OF MASS DIFFUSION IN
Bertsch George F.
manuscript received 7 June 1978 Wederive a simple expression for the mass diffusion coefficient in deep are based on diffusion. In a simple model used by Norenberg [1] and Moretto et al. [2], the nucleonVolume 77B, number 2 PHYSICS LETTERS 31 July 1978 NUCLEON TUNNELLING MODEL OF MASS DIFFUSION
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lynch, Ben; Edmondson, Justin K.; Kazachenko, Maria D.; Guidoni, Silvina E.
2015-04-01
We present a detailed analysis of the properties of magnetic reconnection at large-scale current sheets in a very high cadence 2.5D MHD simulation of sympathetic magnetic breakout coronal mass ejections (CMEs) from a pseudostreamer source region. We examine the resistive tearing and breakup of the three main current sheets into chains of X- and O-type null points and follow the dynamics of magnetic island growth, their merging, transit, and ejection with the reconnection exhaust. For each current sheet, we quantify the evolution of the length-to-width aspect ratio (up to ~100:1), Lundquist number (~10^4), and reconnection rate (inflow-to-outflow ratios reaching ~0.15). We examine the statistical and spectral properties of the fluctuations in the current sheets resulting from the plasmoid instability, including the distribution of magnetic island width, mass, and flux content. We show that the temporal evolution of the spectral index of the reconnection-generated magnetic energy density fluctuations appear to reflect global properties of the current sheet evolution. Our results are in excellent agreement with recent, high resolution reconnection-in-a-box simulations even though our current sheets' formation, growth, and dynamics are intrinsically coupled to the global evolution of sequential sympathetic CME eruptions.
Chuang, Michael L; Salton, Carol J; Hibberd, Mark G; Manning, Warren J; Douglas, Pamela S
2007-05-01
Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) allows the accurate determination of left ventricular (LV) mass, but the optimal number of component or extracted 2-dimensional (2D) image planes that should be used to calculate LV mass is not known. This study was performed to determine the relation between the number of 2D image planes used for 3DE and the accuracy of LV mass, using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging as the reference standard. Three-dimensional echocardiography data sets were analyzed using 4, 6, 8, 10 and 20 component 2D planes as well as biplane 2D echocardiography and CMR in 25 subjects with a variety of LV pathologies. Repeated-measures analysis of variance and the Bland-Altman method were used to compare measures of LV mass. To further assess the potential clinical impact of reducing the number of component image planes used for 3DE, the number of discrepancies between CMR and each of the 3DE estimates of LV mass at prespecified levels (i.e., > or =5%, > or =10%, and > or =20% difference from CMR LV mass) was tabulated. The mean LV mass by magnetic resonance imaging was 177 +/- 56 g (range 91 to 316). Biplane 2-dimensional echocardiography significantly underestimated CMR LV mass (p <0.05), but LV mass by 3DE was not statistically different from that by CMR regardless of the number of planes used. However, error variability and Bland-Altman 95% confidence intervals decreased with the use of additional image planes. In conclusion, transthoracic 3DE measures LV mass more accurately than biplane 2-dimensional echocardiography when > or =6 component 2D image planes are used. The use of >6 planes further increases the accuracy of 3DE, but at the cost of greater analysis time and potentially increased scanning times. PMID:17478166
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lee, Y. H.; Adams, P. J.; Shindell, D. T.
2014-09-01
The TwO-Moment Aerosol Sectional microphysics model (TOMAS) has been integrated into the state-of-the-art general circulation model, GISS ModelE2. TOMAS has the flexibility to select a size resolution as well as the lower size cutoff. A computationally efficient version of TOMAS is used here, which has 15 size bins covering 3 nm to 10 ?m aerosol dry diameter. For each bin, it simulates the total aerosol number concentration and mass concentrations of sulphate, pure elementary carbon (hydrophobic), mixed elemental carbon (hydrophilic), hydrophobic organic matter, hydrophilic organic matter, sea salt, mineral dust, ammonium, and aerosol-associated water. This paper provides a detailed description of the ModelE2-TOMAS model and evaluates the model against various observations including aerosol precursor gas concentrations, aerosol mass and number concentrations, and aerosol optical depths. Additionally, global budgets in ModelE2-TOMAS are compared with those of other global aerosol models, and the TOMAS model is compared to the default aerosol model in ModelE2, which is a bulk aerosol model. Overall, the ModelE2-TOMAS predictions are within the range of other global aerosol model predictions, and the model has a reasonable agreement with observations of sulphur species and other aerosol components as well as aerosol optical depth. However, ModelE2-TOMAS (as well as the bulk aerosol model) cannot capture the observed vertical distribution of sulphur dioxide over the Pacific Ocean possibly due to overly strong convective transport. The TOMAS model successfully captures observed aerosol number concentrations and cloud condensation nuclei concentrations. Anthropogenic aerosol burdens in the bulk aerosol model running in the same host model as TOMAS (ModelE2) differ by a few percent to a factor of 2 regionally, mainly due to differences in aerosol processes including deposition, cloud processing, and emission parameterizations. Larger differences are found for naturally emitted aerosols such as sea salt and mineral dust. With TOMAS, ModelE2 has three different aerosol models (the bulk aerosol model and modal-based aerosol microphysics model, MATRIX) and allows exploration of the uncertainties associated with aerosol modelling within the same host model, NASA GISS ModelE2.
Chesnokov, Y.G.; Protod'yakonov, I.O.
1983-02-01
It is known that heat and mass transfer between bubbles and the dense phase have a significant influence on transport processes in fluidized beds. Therefore mass transfer between bubbles and the dense phase in fluidized beds has been the subject of a considerable number of theoretical and experimental studies. The purpose of the present work is to construct, on the basis of results published earlier, a mathematical model of mass transfer between a bubble and the dense phase of a fluidized bed, with hydrodynamic interaction between the bubbles taken into account. Resistance to mass transfer both within and outside the region of gas circulation is considered. The problem is solved within the framework of assumptions of the theory of the diffusional boundary layer, i.e., at large Peclet numbers. The results of this investigation can be used in calculations relating to mass transfer in fluidized beds of granular materials.
De Jaeger, Dominique; Joumaa, Venus; Herzog, Walter
2015-06-15
In humans, enhanced joint range of motion is observed after static stretch training and results either from an increased stretch tolerance or from a change in the biomechanical properties of the muscle-tendon unit. We investigated the effects of an intermittent stretch training on muscle biomechanical and structural variables. The left plantarflexors muscles of seven anesthetized New Zealand (NZ) White rabbits were passively and statically stretched three times a week for 4 wk, while the corresponding right muscles were used as nonstretched contralateral controls. Before and after the stretching protocol, passive torque produced by the left plantarflexor muscles as a function of the ankle angle was measured. The left and right plantarflexor muscles were harvested from dead rabbits and used to quantify possible changes in muscle structure. Significant mass and serial sarcomere number increases were observed in the stretched soleus but not in the plantaris or medial gastrocnemius. This difference in adaptation between the plantarflexors is thought to be the result of their different fiber type composition and pennation angles. Neither titin isoform nor collagen amount was modified in the stretched compared with the control soleus muscle. Passive torque developed during ankle dorsiflexion was not modified after the stretch training on average, but was decreased in five of the seven experimental rabbits. Thus, an intermittent stretching program similar to those used in humans can produce a change in the muscle structure of NZ White rabbits, which was associated in some rabbits with a change in the biomechanical properties of the muscle-tendon unit. PMID:26078433
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Deissler, Robert G
1955-01-01
The expression for eddy diffusivity from a previous analysis was modified in order to account for the effect of kinematic viscosity on the turbulence in the region close to a wall. By using the modified expression, good agreement was obtained between predicted and experimental results for heat and mass transfer at Prandtl and Schmidt numbers between 0.5 and 3000. The effects of length-to-diameter ratio and of variable viscosity were also investigated for a wide range of Prandtl numbers.
Pitnick, Scott
Sperm competition games: Sperm size (mass) and number under raffle and displacement Department of Biology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA d Department of Animal and Plant Sciences of sperm competition at low `risk' levels: (i) raffle with no constraint on space available for competing
Coutelieris, F.A.; Burganos, V.N.; Payatakes, A.C. (Univ. of Patras (Greece). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)
1993-11-01
Mass transfer from a moving fluid to a swarm of adsorbing stationary particles is encountered in a large number of industrial processes (chemical reactors, filters, flooding processes, etc.). The problem of mass transfer from a Newtonian fluid stream to a swarm of adsorbing stationary solid spheroidal particles under creeping flow conditions is considered. The spheroid-in-cell'' model is used for the representation of the swarm and the axis of symmetry is assumed parallel to the approaching uniform stream. An analytical solution to the convective diffusion equation for high Peclet number is obtained using Levich's method. Simple analytical expressions are derived for the dimensionless concentration, the local Sherwood number, and the thickness of the diffusion layer in terms of the Peclet number, the porosity of the swarm, and the position on a meridian plane. It is found that for prolate spheroids-in-cell the diffusion film thickness is minimal at the stagnation point as in the case of spheres-in-cell. However, in the case of oblate spheroids-in-cell the diffusion layer thickness becomes minimal at positions between the stagnation point and the equator. Calculated values of the overall mass transfer coefficient indicate that the adsorption rate is higher for oblate spheroids-in-cell than for spheres-in-cell and prolate spheroids-in-cell, assuming either the same volume, or the same surface area. The mass transfer coefficient increases with decreasing porosity of the swarm for all geometries studied.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Yaron, I.
1974-01-01
Steady state heat or mass transfer in concentrated ensembles of drops, bubbles or solid spheres in uniform, slow viscous motion, is investigated. Convective effects at small Peclet numbers are taken into account by expanding the nondimensional temperature or concentration in powers of the Peclet number. Uniformly valid solutions are obtained, which reflect the effects of dispersed phase content and rate of internal circulation within the fluid particles. The dependence of the range of Peclet and Reynolds numbers, for which regular expansions are valid, on particle concentration is discussed.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Becker, Lee B.; Vlad, Tudor; Huh, Jisu; Prine, Joelle
2001-01-01
Finds that journalism and mass communication programs appear to be entering another period of rapid enrollment growth, swept up by overall increases in enrollments at United States universities. Finds that only about four in ten of the journalism and mass communication programs report enrollments by race, suggesting many administrators are not…
Cuban Mass Media: Organization, Control and Functions. Journalism Monographs Number Seventy-Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nichols, John Spicer
The mass media as interdependent parts of a larger social system both control and are controlled by other subsystems. The various combinations of control, in turn, determine the functions the media system will serve. In the 1960's, the Cuban mass media underwent frequent change that reflected the volatility of the revolutionary process. Today,…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cziczo, Daniel J.; Thomson, David S.; Thompson, Thomas L.; Demott, Paul J.; Murphy, Daniel M.
2006-12-01
It has been shown that particles which effectively initiate freezing, known as ice nuclei (IN), are normally found at concentrations less than 10 l-1 in the background atmosphere. The low number density of these particles has presented significant analytical challenges, and determination of the size and composition, and thus the origin, of these particles has historically relied upon electron microscopy (EM). Single particle mass spectrometers can provide better time resolution and reduced sampling artifacts. The modifications to the particle analysis by laser mass spectrometry (PALMS) instrument, a laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometer, required to efficiently size and analyze particles with very low number density, are described here. A comparison to traditional EM studies is made and future applications of this method to solve other contemporary atmospheric problems are also discussed.
2001-04-06
The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) and the SIAM Activity Group in Linear Algebra in conjunction with the International Linear Algebra Society (ILAS) held the SIAM Conference on Linear Algebra and its applications on October 23-26, 2000 at the McKimmon Conference Center on the campus of North Carolina State University in Raleigh, North Carolina. The goals of this conference were to highlight the central role of linear algebra in many problems of mathematics and the applied sciences, including engineering problems in systems and control, signal processing and coding, economic and business problems, and problems from biology and geophysics. Particular consideration in this conference was given to applications in image processing, information retrieval and management (such as the performance of search engines on the Internet), aircraft manufacturing and design, industrial optimization problems, and assessing the economic cost of linear algebra in industry. With the development of high performance computers and new parallel architectures, computational linear algebra is in a state of rapid development. There are grand challenges requiring the development of efficient methods that solve truly large-scale problems by exploiting the ever-increasing computational power. One of the primary goals of this conference was to bring researchers and practitioners in these various areas together for exchange of information and ideas. In particular, the collaboration with ILAS was an important factor in bringing about fruitful interaction among researchers in theory, computation, and applications. There were 250 total attendees with 17% coming from industry and government. In addition, there were 27 students who attended.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Becker, Lee B.; Vlad, Tudor; Huh, Jisu; Daniels, George L.
2002-01-01
Provides the key findings of the 2001 Annual Survey of Journalism and Mass Communication Enrollments. Shows that undergraduate enrollments continued to grow while graduate enrollments declined. Discusses degrees granted and race, ethnicity, and gender factors. (PM)
Ioannis Haranas; Ioannis Gkigkitzis
2014-06-09
Wesson obtained a limit on quantum and gravitational mass in the universe by combining the cosmological constant Lambda, Planck constant, the speed of light c, and also the gravitational constant G. The corresponding masses are 2.0x10E-62 kg and 2.3E+54 kg respectively, and in general can be obtained with the help of a generic dimensional analysis, or from an analysis where the cosmological constant appears in a four dimensional space-time and as a result of a higher dimensional reduction. In this paper our goal is to establish a relation for both quantum and gravitational mass as function of the information number bit N. For this reason, we first derive an expression for the cosmological constant as a function of information bit, since both masses depend on it, and then various resulting relations are explored, in relation to information number of bits N. Fractional information bits imply no information extraction is possible. We see, that the order of magnitude of the various parameters as well as their ratios involve the large number 10E+122, that is produced naturally from the fundamental parameters of modern cosmology. Finally, we propose that in a complete quantum gravity theory the idea of information the might have to be included, with the quantum bits of information (q-bits) as one of its fundamental parameters, resulting thus to a more complete understanding of the universe, its laws, and its evolution.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ownsworth, Jamie R.; Conselice, Christopher J.; Mortlock, Alice; Hartley, William G.; Almaini, Omar; Duncan, Ken; Mundy, Carl J.
2014-12-01
We present a study on the stellar mass growth of the progenitors of local massive galaxies with a variety of number density selections with n ? 1 × 10-4 Mpc-3 (corresponding to M* = 1011.24 M? at z = 0.3) in the redshift range 0.3 < z < 3.0. We select the progenitors of massive galaxies using a constant number density selection, and one which is adjusted to account for major mergers. We find that the progenitors of massive galaxies grow by a factor of 4 in total stellar mass over this redshift range. On average the stellar mass added via the processes of star formation, major and minor mergers account for 24 ± 8, 17 ± 15 and 34 ± 14 per cent, respectively, of the total galaxy stellar mass at z = 0.3. Therefore 51 ± 20 per cent of the total stellar mass in massive galaxies at z = 0.3 is created externally to their z = 3 progenitors. We explore the implication of these results on the cold gas accretion rate and size evolution of the progenitors of most massive galaxies over the same redshift range. We find an average gas accretion rate of ˜66 ± 32 M? yr-1 over the redshift range of 1.5 < z < 3.0. We find that the size evolution of a galaxy sample selected this way is on average lower than the findings of other investigations.
Maricq, M Matti; Szente, Joseph J; Adams, Jack; Tennison, Paul; Rumpsa, Todd
2013-10-15
Gasoline direct injection (GDI) is a new engine technology intended to improve fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions as required by recently enacted legislative and environmental regulations. The development of this technology must also ensure that these vehicles meet new LEV III and Tier 3 emissions standards as they phase in between 2017 and 2021. The aim of the present paper is to examine, at least for a small set, how the PM emissions from GDI vehicles change over their lifetime. The paper reports particle mass and number emissions of two GDI vehicles as a function of mileage up to 150K miles. These vehicles exhibit PM emissions that are near or below the upcoming 3 mg/mi FTP and 10 mg/mi US06 mass standards with little, if any, deterioration over 150K miles. Particle number emissions roughly follow the previously observed 2 × 10(12) particles/mg correlation between solid particle number and PM mass. They remained between the interim and final EU stage 6 solid particle count standard for gasoline vehicles throughout the mileage accumulation study. These examples demonstrate feasibility to meet near-term 3 mg/mi and interim EU solid particle number standards, but continued development is needed to ensure that this continues as further fuel economy improvements are made. PMID:24040936
Mass number dependence of the Skyrme-force-induced nuclear symmetry energy
M. Rafalski; W. Satula; R. Wyss
2005-11-04
The global mass dependence of the nuclear symmetry energy and its two basic ingredients due to the mean-level spacing and effective strength of the isovector mean-potential is studied within the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model. In particular, our study determines the ratio of the surface-to-volume contributions to the nuclear symmetry energy to be ~1.6 and reveals that contributions due to mean-level spacing and effective strength of the isovector mean-potential are almost equal after removing momentum-dependent effects by rescaling them with isoscalar and isovector effective masses, respectively.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kajino, T.; Mathews, G. J.; Fuller, G. M.
1990-11-01
The primordial nucleosynthesis of intermediate-mass nuclei up to A = 28 in the neutron-rich and proton-rich environments produced by baryon-number-inhomogeneous big bang models is discussed. It is found that there could be several observational signatures of such neutron-rich and proton-rich primordial nucleosynthesis if sufficiently accurate isotopic and elemental abundance ratios could be measured for extremely metal-poor stars. These observations could also provide important information about the degree of baryon-number inhomogeneity at the time of primordial nucleosynthesis.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nabi, Md. Nurun; Brown, Richard J.; Ristovski, Zoran; Hustad, Johan Einar
2012-09-01
The current investigation reports on diesel particulate matter emissions, with special interest in fine particles from the combustion of two base fuels. The base fuels selected were diesel fuel and marine gas oil (MGO). The experiments were conducted with a four-stroke, six-cylinder, direct injection diesel engine. The results showed that the fine particle number emissions measured by both SMPS and ELPI were higher with MGO compared to diesel fuel. It was observed that the fine particle number emissions with the two base fuels were quantitatively different but qualitatively similar. The gravimetric (mass basis) measurement also showed higher total particulate matter (TPM) emissions with the MGO. The smoke emissions, which were part of TPM, were also higher for the MGO. No significant changes in the mass flow rate of fuel and the brake-specific fuel consumption (BSFC) were observed between the two base fuels.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Agee, Warren K.; Traquina, Nelson
1984-01-01
To explain how and why the Portuguese mass media constitute a frustrated Fourth Estate, this monograph summarizes the history and development of Portuguese media. The first section summarized the history of media legislation that has confronted Portuguese journalists and stunted the development of journalistic tradition. The second section…
Mass Media Use and Political Knowledge. Journalism Monographs Number Sixty-One.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Palmgreen, Philip
A study was conducted to test identical models of the political learning process with data concerning national and local issues. These models hypothesized ways in which political learning from mass media is affected by such factors as strength of information flow, political system level, individual media exposure, interpersonal discussion,…
Vaden, Timothy D.; Imre, D.; Beranek, Josef; Zelenyuk, Alla
2011-01-04
Single particle mass spectrometers have traditionally been deployed to measure the size and composition of individual particles at relatively slow sampling rates that are determined by the rate at which the ionization lasers can fire and/or mass spectra can be recorded. To take advantage of the fact that under most conditions SPLAT can detect and size particles at much higher rates we developed a dual data acquisition mode, in which particle number concentrations, size distributions, and asphericity parameters are measured at a particle concentration determined rate, all the while the instrument generates and records mass-spectra at an operator set rate. We show that with this approach particle number concentration and asphericity parameters are measured with 1 sec resolution and particle vacuum aerodynamic size distributions are measured with 10 sec to 60 sec resolution. SPLAT measured particle number concentrations are in perfect agreement with the PCASP. Particle asphericity parameters are based on measured particle beam divergence. We illustrate the effect that high particle concentrations can have on the measured size distributions and develop a method to remove these effects and correct the size distributions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chithra, V. S.; Shiva Nagendra, S. M.
2014-09-01
This work presents the temporal characteristics of Particulate Matter (PM) mass and number concentrations measured inside a naturally ventilated school building, located close to a busy roadway in Chennai city. Two environmental dust monitor instruments (GRIMM Model 107 and Model 108) were used for measuring PM mass and number concentrations. The 1-h mean values of PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 mass concentrations were found to be 262 ± 161, 68 ± 24, 40 ± 15 µg/m3 and 81 ± 26, 56 ± 2, 45 ± 19 µg/m3 during working hours (8am-4pm) and non-working hours (4pm-8am)/holidays, respectively. The PM number concentrations inside the room during working hours were found to be 2.4 × 105, 2.2 × 103 and 8.1 × 102 particles/l in the size range of 0.3-1, 1-3 and 3-10 µm, respectively. The present study reveals that during working hours, indoor PM concentrations of the classroom were influenced by the activities of occupants and during non working hours it was affected by outdoor vehicular emissions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chithra, V. S.; Shiva Nagendra, S. M.
2014-08-01
This work presents the temporal characteristics of Particulate Matter (PM) mass and number concentrations measured inside a naturally ventilated school building, located close to a busy roadway in Chennai city. Two environmental dust monitor instruments (GRIMM Model 107 and Model 108) were used for measuring PM mass and number concentrations. The 1-h mean values of PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 mass concentrations were found to be 262 ± 161, 68 ± 24, 40 ± 15 µg/m3 and 81 ± 26, 56 ± 2, 45 ± 19 µg/m3 during working hours (8am-4pm) and non-working hours (4pm-8am)/holidays, respectively. The PM number concentrations inside the room during working hours were found to be 2.4 × 105, 2.2 × 103 and 8.1 × 102 particles/l in the size range of 0.3-1, 1-3 and 3-10 µm, respectively. The present study reveals that during working hours, indoor PM concentrations of the classroom were influenced by the activities of occupants and during non working hours it was affected by outdoor vehicular emissions.
High-Schmidt-number mass transport mechanisms from a turbulent flow to absorbing sediments
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Scalo, Carlo; Piomelli, Ugo; Boegman, Leon
2012-11-01
We have investigated the mechanisms involved in dissolved oxygen (DO) transfer from a turbulent flow to an underlying organic sediment bed, populated with DO-absorbing bacteria, relying on the coupling between the bio-geochemistry of the sediment layer and large-eddy simulation for the transport on the water side [Scalo et al., J. Geophys. Res., 117(C6), 2012]. Time correlations at the sediment-water interface (SWI) show that the diffusive sublayer acts as a de-noising filter with respect to the overlying turbulence; the mass flux is not affected by low-amplitude background fluctuations in the wall-shear stress but, rather, by energetic and coherent near-wall transport events, in agreement with the surface renewal theory. The spatial and temporal distribution of the mass flux is therefore modulated by rapidly evolving near-wall high-speed streaks (associated with intermittent peaks in the wall-shear stress) transporting patches of (rich-in-oxygen) fluid to the edge of the diffusive sublayer, leaving slowly-regenerating elongated patches of positive DO concentration fluctuation and mass flux at the SWI. The sediment surface retains the signature of the overlying turbulent transport over long time scales, allowed by the slow bacterial absorption. Currently postdoctoral fellow at Center for Turbulence Research (scalo@stanford.edu).
Contribution from indoor sources to particle number and mass concentrations in residential houses
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
He, Congrong; Morawska, Lidia; Hitchins, Jane; Gilbert, Dale
As part of a large study investigating indoor air in residential houses in Brisbane, Australia, the purpose of this work was to quantify emission characteristics of indoor particle sources in 15 houses. Submicrometer particle number and approximation of PM 2.5 concentrations were measured simultaneously for more than 48 h in the kitchen of all the houses by using a condensation particle counter (CPC) and a photometer (DustTrak), respectively. In addition, characterizations of particles resulting from cooking conducted in an identical way in all the houses were measured by using a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS) and a DustTrak. All the events of elevated particle concentrations were linked to indoor activities using house occupants diary entries, and catalogued into 21 different types of indoor activities. This enabled quantification of the effect of indoor sources on indoor particle concentrations as well as quantification of emission rates from the sources. For example, the study found that frying, grilling, stove use, toasting, cooking pizza, cooking, candle vaporizing eucalyptus oil and fan heater use, could elevate the indoor submicrometer particle number concentration levels by more than five times, while PM 2.5 concentrations could be up to 3, 30 and 90 times higher than the background levels during smoking, frying and grilling, respectively.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Claudia Neuhauser (University of Minnesota-Rochester; Health Sciences)
2010-05-06
This workshop is for Massachusetts Bay Community College faculty interested in quantitative reasoning and its application in contemporary problem solving. Funded by Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Numbers Count Project provides data, tools, and curricular materials for use with undergraduates. We will focus on global health issues surrounding cancer and emphasize the use of medical data, visualization, modeling, and error control. In the age of Big Data, students must grapple with mathematical models, tools, and quantitative reasoning as they prepare for the workplace. As science and technology advance, the rapid acquisition of data frames an evolving intersection between mathematics and science. The use of data in our courses must be accompanied by opportunities to develop quantitative reasoning and familiarity with mathematical models.
Indoor and outdoor PM mass and number concentrations at schools in the Athens area.
Diapouli, E; Chaloulakou, A; Mihalopoulos, N; Spyrellis, N
2008-01-01
Simultaneous indoor and outdoor PM10 and PM2.5 concentration measurements were conducted in seven primary schools in the Athens area. Both gravimetric samplers and continuous monitors were used. Filters were subsequently analyzed for anion species. Moreover ultrafine particles number concentration was monitored continuously indoors and outdoors. Mean 8-hr PM10 concentration was measured equal to 229 +/- 182 microg/m3 indoors and 166 +/- 133 microg/m3 outdoors. The respective PM2.5 concentrations were 82 +/- 56 microg/m3 indoors and 56 +/- 26 microg/m3 outdoors. Ultrafine particles 8-h mean number concentration was measured equal to 24,000 +/- 17,900 particles/cm3 indoors and 32,000 +/- 14,200 particles/cm3 outdoors. PM10 outdoor concentrations exhibited a greater spatial variability than the corresponding PM2.5 ones. I/O ratios were close or above 1.00 for PM10 and PM2.5 and smaller than 1.00 for ultrafine particles. Very high I/O ratios were observed when intense activities took place. The initial results of the chemical analysis showed that SO4(-2) accounts for the 6.6 +/- 3.5% of the PM10 and NO3(1) for the 3.1 +/- 1.4%.The corresponding results for PM2.5 are 12.0 +/- 7.7% for SO4(-2) and 3.1 +/- 1.9% for NO3-. PM2.5 SO4(-2) indoor concentrations were highly correlated with outdoor ones and the regression line had the largest slope and a very low intercept, indicative of no indoor sources of fine particulate SO4(-2). The results of the statistical analysis of indoor and outdoor concentration data support the use of SO4(-2) as a proper surrogate for indoor PM of outdoor origin. PMID:17458512
Akman, F; Durak, R; Turhan, M F; Kaçal, M R
2015-07-01
The effective atomic numbers and electron densities of some samarium compounds were determined using the experimental total mass attenuation coefficient values near the K edge in the X-ray energy range from 36.847 up to 57.142 keV. The measurements, in the region from 36.847 to 57.142 keV, were done in a transmission geometry utilizing the K?2, K?1, K?1 and K?2 X-rays from different secondary source targets excited by the 59.54 keV gamma-photons from an Am-241 annular source. This paper presents the first measurement of the effective atomic numbers and electron densities for some samarium compounds near the K edge. The results of the study showed that the measured values were in good agreement with the theoretically calculated ones. PMID:25880612
Hai, Rong; Pei, Yu-Fang; Shen, Hui; Zhang, Lei; Liu, Xiao-Gang; Lin, Yong; Ran, Shu; Pan, Feng; Tan, Li-Jun; Lei, Shu-Feng; Yang, Tie-Lin; Zhang, Yan; Zhu, Xue-Zhen; Zhao, Lan-Juan; Deng, Hong-Wen
2012-01-01
Lean body mass (LBM) is a heritable trait predicting a series of health problems, such as osteoporotic fracture and sarcopenia. We aim to identify sequence variants associated with LBM by a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of copy number variants (CNVs). We genotyped genome-wide CNVs of 1627 individuals of the Chinese population with Affymetrix SNP6.0 genotyping platform, which comprised of 9 40 000 copy number probes. We then performed a GWAS of CNVs with lean mass at seven sites: left and right arms, left and right legs, total of limb, trunk and whole body. We identified a CNV that is associated with LBM variation at the genome-wide significance level (CNV2073, Bonferroni corrected P-value 0.002 at right arm). CNV2073 locates at chromosome 15q13.3, which has been implicated as a candidate region for LBM by our previous linkage studies. The nearest gene, gremlin1, has a key role in the regulation of skeletal muscle formation and repair. Our results suggest that the gremlin1 gene is a potentially important gene for LBM variation. Our findings also show the utility and efficacy of CNV as genetic markers in association studies. PMID:22048656
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Betha, Raghu; Zhang, Zhe; Balasubramanian, Rajasekhar
2014-08-01
Submicron particle number concentration (PNC) and particle size distribution (PSD) in the size range of 5.6-560 nm were investigated in Singapore from 27 June 2009 through 6 September 2009. Slightly hazy conditions lasted in Singapore from 6 to 10 August. Backward air trajectories indicated that the haze was due to the transport of biomass burning impacted air masses originating from wild forest and peat fires in Sumatra, Indonesia. Three distinct peaks in the morning (08:00-10:00), afternoon (13:00-15:00) and evening (16:00-20:00) were observed on a typical normal day. However, during the haze period no distinct morning and afternoon peaks were observed and the PNC (39,775 ± 3741 cm-3) increased by 1.5 times when compared to that during non-haze periods (26,462 ± 6017). The morning and afternoon peaks on the normal day were associated with the local rush hour traffic while the afternoon peak was induced by new particle formation (NPF). Diurnal profiles of PNCs and PSDs showed that primary particle peak diameters were large during the haze (60 nm) period when compared to that during the non-haze period (45.3 nm). NPF events observed in the afternoon period on normal days were suppressed during the haze periods due to heavy particle loading in atmosphere caused by biomass burning impacted air masses.
Qian, Kuangnan; Edwards, Kathleen E; Dechert, Gary J; Jaffe, Stephen B; Green, Larry A; Olmstead, William N
2008-02-01
We report a new method for rapid measurement of total acid number (TAN) and TAN boiling point (BP) distribution for petroleum crude and products. The technology is based on negative ion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) for selective ionization of petroleum acid and quantification of acid structures and molecular weight distributions. A chip-based nanoelectrospray system enables microscale (<200 mg) and higher throughput (20 samples/h) measurement. Naphthenic acid structures were assigned based on nominal masses of a set of predefined acid structures. Stearic acid is used as an internal standard to calibrate ESI-MS response factors for quantification purposes. With the use of structure-property correlations, boiling point distributions of TAN values can be calculated from the composition. The rapid measurement of TAN BP distributions by ESI is demonstrated for a series of high-TAN crudes and distillation cuts. TAN values determined by the technique agree well with those by the titration method. The distributed properties compare favorably with those measured by distillation and measurement of TAN of corresponding cuts. PMID:18179248
Isa, Ahmed M.; Abu-Rafea, Basim; Alasiri, Saleh A.; Binsaleh, Saleh; Ismail, Kareema H.; Vilos, George A.
2014-01-01
Background To examine whether pregnancy rate (PR) of intrauterine insemination (IUI) is related to certain demographic factors, such as age and body mass index (BMI), along with number of IUI cycles performed, a set of infertile Saudi women. Materials and Methods During this prospective study (a 24-month period), 301 Saudi women with infertility underwent IUI in our infertility clinic. We investigated whether PR is correlated with patient age and BMI, and the number of IUI trials, in order to determine if they could be used as prognosticators of pregnancy success. Results The highest PR was 14.89% for ages 19-25 and the lowest PR was 4.16% for ages 41-45, indicating no statistically significant difference among PR in all age groups (p value of 0.225). Also, in terms of BMI, the highest PR was 13.04% for BMI ?35 and the lowest was 7.84% for BMI of <25 to 18.5, indicating no significant difference among different BMI groups (p value of 0.788). One-cycle treatment, as expected, was more successful (PR=12.84%) than 2-cycle treatment (PR=5.75%), however, 3-5-cycles treatment still showed encouraging results (PR=17.24%); but the difference did not reach statistical significance (p value=0.167). Conclusion PR after IUI treatment remained approximately 10% from 19 to 40 years of age and declined after 40. Although no significant difference was observed among different age groups, earlier treatment is still recommended. There was a positive but not statistically significant correlation between PR and patient’s BMI indicating that BMI is not a determining factor. There was also no correlation between PR and number of IUI trials. Patients can thus try as many times as they want before moving on to in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. PMID:25379153
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shukla, Anil; Bogdanov, Bogdan
2015-02-01
Small cationic and anionic clusters of lithium formate were generated by electrospray ionization and their fragmentations were studied by tandem mass spectrometry (collision-induced dissociation with N2). Singly as well as multiply charged clusters were formed in both positive and negative ion modes with the general formulae, (HCOOLi)nLi+, (HCOOLi)nLimm+, (HCOOLi)nHCOO-, and (HCOOLi)n(HCOO)mm-. Several magic number cluster (MNC) ions were observed in both the positive and negative ion modes although more predominant in the positive ion mode with (HCOOLi)3Li+ being the most abundant and stable cluster ion. Fragmentations of singly charged positive clusters proceed first by the loss of a dimer unit ((HCOOLi)2) followed by the loss of monomer units (HCOOLi) although the former remains the dominant dissociation process. In the case of positive cluster ions, all fragmentations lead to the magic cluster (HCOOLi)3Li+ as the most abundant fragment ion at higher collision energies which then fragments further to dimer and monomer ions at lower abundances. In the negative ion mode, however, singly charged clusters dissociated via sequential loss of monomer units. Multiply charged clusters in both positive and negative ion modes dissociated mainly via Coulomb repulsion. Quantum chemical calculations performed for smaller cluster ions showed that the trimer ion has a closed ring structure similar to the phenalenylium structure with three closed rings connected to the central lithium ion. Further additions of monomer units result in similar symmetric structures for hexamer and nonamer cluster ions. Thermochemical calculations show that trimer cluster ion is relatively more stable than neighboring cluster ions, supporting the experimental observation of a magic number cluster with enhanced stability.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Park, Ji Young; Raynor, Peter C.; Maynard, Andrew D.; Eberly, Lynn E.; Ramachandran, Gurumurthy
Recent research has suggested that the adverse health effects caused by nanoparticles are associated with their surface area (SA) concentrations. In this study, SA was estimated in two ways using number and mass concentrations and compared with SA (SA meas) measured using a diffusion charger (DC). Aerosol measurements were made twice: once starting in October 2002 and again starting in December 2002 in Mysore, India in residences that used kerosene or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) for cooking. Mass, number, and SA concentrations and size distributions by number were measured in each residence. The first estimation method (SA PSD) used the size distribution by number to estimate SA. The second method (SA INV) used a simple inversion scheme that incorporated number and mass concentrations while assuming a lognormal size distribution with a known geometrical standard deviation. SA PSD was, on average, 2.4 times greater (range = 1.6-3.4) than SA meas while SA INV was, on average, 6.0 times greater (range = 4.6-7.7) than SA meas. The logarithms of SA PSD and SA INV were found to be statistically significant predictors of the logarithm of SA meas. The study showed that particle number and mass concentration measurements can be used to estimate SA with a correction factor that ranges between 2 and 6.
Zingg, David W.
Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Abstract Numerical optimization of low - Reynolds number, long-endurance airfoils has been investigated with an adjoint Navier Stokes aerodynamics shape optimization method, and an experimentally verified inverse approach. The optimized airfoils are compared with the inverse result
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Colle, C.; Hen, O.; Cosyn, W.; Korover, I.; Piasetzky, E.; Ryckebusch, J.; Weinstein, L. B.
2015-08-01
The nuclear mass dependence of the number of short-range correlated (SRC) proton-proton (p p ) and proton-neutron (p n ) pairs in nuclei is a sensitive probe of the dynamics of short-range pairs in the ground state of atomic nuclei. This work presents an analysis of electroinduced single-proton and two-proton knockout measurements off 12C , 27Al , 56Fe , and 208Pb in kinematics dominated by scattering off SRC pairs. The nuclear mass dependence of the observed A (e ,e'p p ) / 12C(e ,e'p p ) cross-section ratios and the extracted number of pp - and pn -SRC pairs are much softer than the mass dependence of the total number of possible pairs. This is in agreement with a physical picture of SRC affecting predominantly nucleon-nucleon pairs in a nodeless relative-S state of the mean-field basis.
C. Neusüß; H. Wex; W. Birmili; A. Wiedensohler; C. Koziar; B. Busch; E. Brüggemann; T. Gnauk; M. Ebert
2002-01-01
Intensive measurements of chemical and physical properties of the atmospheric aerosol have been performed at two sites in central Europe during the Melpitz-Intensive (MINT) in November 1997 and the Lindenberg Aerosol Characterization Experiment 1998 (LACE 98) in July and August 1998. Number-size distributions, hygroscopic particle growth, size-segregated gravimetric mass, and size-segregated chemical masses of water-soluble ions and organic and elemental
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Winther, Morten; Kousgaard, Uffe; Ellermann, Thomas; Massling, Andreas; Nøjgaard, Jacob Klenø; Ketzel, Matthias
2015-01-01
This paper presents a detailed emission inventory for NOx, particle mass (PM) and particle numbers (PN) for aircraft main engines, APU's and handling equipment at Copenhagen Airport (CPH) based on time specific activity data and representative emission factors for the airport. The inventory has a high spatial resolution of 5 m × 5 m in order to be suited for further air quality dispersion calculations. Results are shown for the entire airport and for a section of the airport apron area ("inner apron") in focus. The methodology presented in this paper can be used to quantify the emissions from aircraft main engines, APU and handling equipment in other airports. For the entire airport, aircraft main engines is the largest source of fuel consumption (93%), NOx, (87%), PM (61%) and PN (95%). The calculated fuel consumption [NOx, PM, PN] shares for APU's and handling equipment are 5% [4%, 8%, 5%] and 2% [9%, 31%, 0%], respectively. At the inner apron area for handling equipment the share of fuel consumption [NOx, PM, PN] are 24% [63%, 75%, 2%], whereas APU and main engines shares are 43% [25%, 19%, 54%], and 33% [11%, 6%, 43%], respectively. The inner apron NOx and PM emission levels are high for handling equipment due to high emission factors for the diesel fuelled handling equipment and small for aircraft main engines due to small idle-power emission factors. Handling equipment is however a small PN source due to the low number based emission factors. Jet fuel sulphur-PM sensitivity calculations made in this study with the ICAO FOA3.0 method suggest that more than half of the PM emissions from aircraft main engines at CPH originate from the sulphur content of the fuel used at the airport. Aircraft main engine PN emissions are very sensitive to the underlying assumptions. Replacing this study's literature based average emission factors with "high" and "low" emission factors from the literature, the aircraft main engine PN emissions were estimated to change with a factor of 14.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kane, R. P.
2008-06-01
The 12-month running means of the conventional sunspot number Rz, the sunspot group numbers (SGN) and the frequency of occurrence of Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) were examined for cycle 23 (1996 - 2006). For the whole disc, the SGN and Rz plots were almost identical. Hence, SGN could be used as a proxy for Rz, for which latitude data are not available. SGN values were used for 5° latitude belts 0° - 5°, 5° - 10°, 10° - 15°, 15° - 20°, 20° - 25°, 25° - 30° and > 30°, separately in each hemisphere north and south. Roughly, from latitudes 25° - 30° N to 20° - 25° N, the peaks seem to have occurred later for lower latitudes, from latitudes 20° - 25° N to 15° - 20° N, the peaks are stagnant or occur slightly earlier, and then from latitudes 15° - 20° N to 0° - 5° N, the peaks seem to have occurred again later for lower latitudes. Thus, some latitudinal migration is suggested, clearly in the northern hemisphere, not very clearly in the southern hemisphere, first to the equator in 1998, stagnant or slightly poleward in 1999, and then to the equator again from 2000 onwards, the latter reminiscent of the Maunder butterfly diagrams. Similar plots for CME occurrence frequency also showed multiple peaks (two or three) in almost all latitude belts, but the peaks were almost simultaneous at all latitudes, indicating no latitudinal migration. For similar latitude belts, SGN and CME plots were dissimilar in almost all latitude belts except 10° - 20° S. The CME plots had in general more peaks than the SGN plots, and the peaks of SGN often did not match with those of CME. In the CME data, it was noticed that whereas the values declined from 2002 to 2003, there was no further decline during 2003 - 2006 as one would have expected to occur during the declining phase of sunspots, where 2007 is almost a year of sunspot minimum. An inquiry at GSFC-NASA revealed that the person who creates the preliminary list was changed in 2004 and the new person picks out more weak CMEs. Thus a subjectivity (overestimates after 2002) seems to be involved and hence, values obtained before and during 2002 are not directly comparable to values recorded after 2002, except for CMEs with widths exceeding 60°.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
M. Fisher
2007-12-04
Let\\'s have some fun working on our math facts and putting numbers together to get new ones! Try out these games and see how you do-- First try to defeat this spaceship with your math fact skills: Spacey Math: A drill game where students are given a set of math facts to answer (can select addition, subtraction, multiplication, division). If you defeat the spaceship you can move on to helping save the poodles. They have to weigh in and they need to find out what numbers need to go on the other side of the scale to balance ...
Bothe, Dieter
simulation of high Schmidt number mass transfer from air bubbles rising in liquids using the Volume, and a local mesh refinement around the bubble. Furthermore, we show a first result employing so in bubble column reactors, especially for performing chemical reactions like hydrogenations, oxidations
ANALYSIS OF RESPIRATORY DEPOSITION OF INHALED PARTICLES FOR DIFFERENT DOSE METRICS: COMPARISON OF NUMBER, SURFACE AREA AND MASS DOSE OF TYPICAL AMBIENT BI-MODAL AEROSOLS. Chong S. Kim, SC. Hu*, PA Jaques*, US EPA, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, ...
ANALYSIS OF RESPIRATORY DEPOSITION OF INHALED PARTICLES FOR DIFFERENT DOSE METRICS: COMPARISON OF NUMBER, SURFACE AREA AND MASS DOSE OF TYPICAL AMBIENT BI-MODAL AEROSOLS.
Chong S. Kim, SC. Hu*, PA Jaques*, US EPA, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, ...
Jayaratne, E R; He, C; Ristovski, Z D; Morawska, L; Johnson, G R
2008-09-01
Particle number, particle mass, and CO2 concentrations were measured on the curb of a busy urban busway used entirely by a mix of diesel and CNG operated buses. With the passage of each bus, the ratio of particle number concentration and particle mass concentration to CO2 concentration in the diluted exhaust plume were used as measures of the particle number and mass emission factors, respectively. With all buses accelerating pastthe monitoring point, the results showed that the median particle mass emission from CNG buses was less than 9% of that from diesel buses. However, the median particle number emission from CNG buses was 6 times higher than the diesel buses, and the particles from the CNG buses were mainly in the nanoparticle size range. Using a thermodenuder to remove the volatile material from the sampled emissions showed that the majority of particles from the CNG buses, but not from the diesel buses, were volatile. Approximately, 82% of the particles from the CNG buses and 38% from the diesel buses were removed by heating the emissions to 300 degrees C. PMID:18800557
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tang, Xu-Bing; Xu, Xue-Fen; Fan, Hong-Yi
2010-07-01
For investigating dynamic evolution of a mass-varying harmonic oscillator we constitute a ket-bra integration operator in coherent state representation and then perform this integral by virtue of the technique of integration within an ordered product of operators. The normally ordered time evolution operator is thus obtained. We then derive the Wigner function of u(t)|nrangle, where |nrangle is a Fock state, which exhibits a generalized squeezing, the squeezing effect is related to the varying mass with time.
Rosenbusch, M; Ascher, P; Atanasov, D; Barbieri, C; Beck, D; Blaum, K; Borgmann, Ch; Breitenfeldt, M; Cakirli, R B; Cipollone, A; George, S; Herfurth, F; Kowalska, M; Kreim, S; Lunney, D; Manea, V; Navrátil, P; Neidherr, D; Schweikhard, L; Somà, V; Stanja, J; Wienholtz, F; Wolf, R N; Zuber, K
2015-05-22
The recently confirmed neutron-shell closure at N=32 has been investigated for the first time below the magic proton number Z=20 with mass measurements of the exotic isotopes (52,53)K, the latter being the shortest-lived nuclide investigated at the online mass spectrometer ISOLTRAP. The resulting two-neutron separation energies reveal a 3 MeV shell gap at N=32, slightly lower than for 52Ca, highlighting the doubly magic nature of this nuclide. Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov and ab initio Gorkov-Green function calculations are challenged by the new measurements but reproduce qualitatively the observed shell effect. PMID:26047224
The Number Density and Mass Density of Star-forming and Quiescent Galaxies at 0.4 <= z <= 2.2
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Brammer, Gabriel B.; Whitaker, K. E.; van Dokkum, P. G.; Marchesini, D.; Franx, M.; Kriek, M.; Labbé, I.; Lee, K.-S.; Muzzin, A.; Quadri, R. F.; Rudnick, G.; Williams, R.
2011-09-01
We study the buildup of the bimodal galaxy population using the NEWFIRM Medium-Band Survey, which provides excellent redshifts and well-sampled spectral energy distributions of ?27, 000 galaxies with K < 22.8 at 0.4 < z < 2.2. We first show that star-forming galaxies and quiescent galaxies can be robustly separated with a two-color criterion over this entire redshift range. We then study the evolution of the number density and mass density of quiescent and star-forming galaxies, extending the results of the COMBO-17, DEEP2, and other surveys to z = 2.2. The mass density of quiescent galaxies with M >~ 3 × 1010 M sun increases by a factor of ~10 from z ~ 2 to the present day, whereas the mass density in star-forming galaxies is flat or decreases over the same time period. Modest mass growth by a factor of ~2 of individual quiescent galaxies can explain roughly half of the strong density evolution at masses >1011 M sun, due to the steepness of the exponential tail of the mass function. The rest of the density evolution of massive, quiescent galaxies is likely due to transformation (e.g., quenching) of the massive star-forming population, a conclusion which is consistent with the density evolution we observe for the star-forming galaxies themselves, which is flat or decreasing with cosmic time. Modest mass growth does not explain the evolution of less massive quiescent galaxies (~1010.5 M sun), which show a similarly steep increase in their number densities. The less massive quiescent galaxies are therefore continuously formed by transforming galaxies from the star-forming population.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stanford Univ., CA. School Mathematics Study Group.
This document is one of three made up of newsletters from the School Mathematics Study Group's (SMSG) series of newsletters written between 1959 and 1972. This set contains newsletters 7, 8, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 26, 27, 29, 31, 32, 34, 37, 40, and 41, each devoted to describing SMSG publications; and newsletters 17 and 23, listing books for…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nord, David Paul
1984-01-01
It was the evangelical Christian publicists in the tract and Bible societies who first dreamed of genuinely mass media--that is, they proposed to deliver the same printed message to everyone in America. To this end, organizations such as the American Bible Society and the American Tract Society helped to develop, in the very earliest stages, the…
P. J. Clarke; G. Blewitt; D. A. Lavallee; E. C. Pavlis
2003-01-01
Mass redistribution on the surface of the Earth causes deformation of the solid Earth and translation of the solid Earth with respect to the whole Earth-ocean-atmosphere system (``geocenter motion''). These phenomena can be observed by tracking Earth-orbiting satellites from terrestrial observatories. For SLR tracking (generally of geodetic, LAGEOS-type satellites), non-gravitational forces are well modelled and so the orbit parameters and
Boris L. Altshuler
2005-11-27
Two-branes RS-I 5-dimensional model is generalized in higher dimensional string-induced theory with dilaton and $n$-form field. It is supposed that "hidden" and "visible" Randall-Sundrum branes are located at the boundaries of region of space-time where low-energy supergravity description is valid. This permits to determine mass scale hierarchy which calculated value proves to be strongly dependent on dimensionalities of subspaces.
Kuhlbusch, T A J; Neumann, S; Fissan, H
2004-10-01
Number size characteristics and PM10 mass concentrations of particles emitted during the packaging of various kinds of carbon blacks were measured continuously in the bag filling areas of three carbon black plants and concurrently at ambient comparison sites. PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 dust fractions were also determined in the bag filling areas. The filter samples were then analyzed for elemental and organic carbon. Comparisons of the measured number size distributions and mass concentrations during bag filling activities with those measured parallel at the ambient site and with those determined during nonworking periods in the work area enabled the characterization of emitted particles. PM10 mass concentrations were consistently elevated (up to a factor of 20 compared to ambient concentrations) during working periods in the bag filling area. Detailed analysis revealed that the carbon black particles released by bag filling activities had a size distribution starting at approximately 400 nm aerodynamic diameter (dae) with modes around 1 microm dae and > 8 microm dae. Ultrafine particles (< 100 nm dae), detected in the bag filling areas, were most likely attributed to noncarbon black sources such as forklift and gas heater emissions. PMID:15631057
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pawar, Pravina P.; Bichile, Govind K.
2013-11-01
The total mass attenuation coefficients of some amino acids, such as Glycine (C2H5NO2), DL-Alanine (C3H7NO2), Proline (C5H9NO2), L-Leucine (C6H13NO2 ), L-Arginine (C6H14N4O2) and L-Arginine Monohydrochloride (C6H15ClN4O2), were measured at 122, 356, 511, 662, 1170, 1275 and 1330 keV photon energies using a well-collimated narrow beam good geometry set-up. The gamma rays were detected using NaI (Tl) scintillation detection system with a resolution of 10.2% at 662 keV. The attenuation coefficient data were then used to obtain the effective atomic numbers (Zeff) and effective electron densities (Neff) of amino acids. It was observed that the effective atomic number (Zeff) and effective electron densities (Neff) tend to be almost constant as a function of gamma-ray energy. The results show that, the experimental values of mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic numbers and effective electron densities are in good agreement with the theoretical values with less than 1% error.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yazadjiev, S.
1999-10-01
Recently, in boson star models in the framework of Brans - Dicke theory, three possible definitions of mass have been identified, all identical in general relativity, but different in scalar-tensor theories of gravity. It has been conjectured that it is the tensor mass which peaks, as a function of the central density, at the same location where the particle number takes its maximum. This is a very important property which is crucial for stability analysis via catastrophe theory. This conjecture has received some numerical support. Here we give an analytical proof of the conjecture within the framework of the generalized scalar-tensor theory of gravity, confirming in this way the numerical calculations.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kapoiko, Yu. A.; Kozlov, S. A.
2015-09-01
Analytical expressions for velocities of the center of mass and dispersive spreading of optical pulses with a small number of electromagnetic field oscillations in dielectric media have been obtained. For some typical time profiles of input pulses, these expressions are reduced to elementary functions of dispersion characteristics of the medium, central frequency of the pulse, and initial number of oscillations in it. It is shown that the duration of a terahertz pulse of one full-wave oscillation of the field can increase by a factor of when propagating in a dielectric to distances of only three central radiation wavelengths. For pulses of two full-wave oscillations of the field of the near-IR spectral range, the frequency of the zero group dispersion in a dielectric can shift by more than 200 nm.
Both, Adam F; Westerdahl, Dane; Fruin, Scott; Haryanto, Budi; Marshall, Julian D
2013-01-15
We measured real-time exposure to PM(2.5), ultrafine PM (particle number) and carbon monoxide (CO) for commuting workers school children, and traffic police, in Jakarta, Indonesia. In total, we measured exposures for 36 individuals covering 93 days. Commuters in private cars experienced mean (st dev) exposures of 22 (9.4) ppm CO, 91 (38) ?g/m(3)PM(2.5), and 290 (150)×10(3) particles cm(-3). Mean concentrations were higher in public transport than in private cars for PM(2.5) (difference in means: 22%) and particle counts (54%), but not CO, likely reflecting in-vehicle particle losses in private cars owing to air-conditioning. However, average commute times were longer for private car commuters than public transport commuters (in our sample, 24% longer: 3.0 vs. 2.3 h per day). Commute and traffic-related exposures experienced by Jakarta residents are among the highest in the world, owing to high on-road concentrations and multi-hour commutes. PMID:23314255
Terra, Luciana A; Filgueiras, Paulo R; Tose, Lílian V; Romão, Wanderson; de Souza, Douglas D; de Castro, Eustáquio V R; de Oliveira, Mirela S L; Dias, Júlio C M; Poppi, Ronei J
2014-10-01
Negative-ion mode electrospray ionization, ESI(-), with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) was coupled to a Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression and variable selection methods to estimate the total acid number (TAN) of Brazilian crude oil samples. Generally, ESI(-)-FT-ICR mass spectra present a power of resolution of ca. 500,000 and a mass accuracy less than 1 ppm, producing a data matrix containing over 5700 variables per sample. These variables correspond to heteroatom-containing species detected as deprotonated molecules, [M - H](-) ions, which are identified primarily as naphthenic acids, phenols and carbazole analog species. The TAN values for all samples ranged from 0.06 to 3.61 mg of KOH g(-1). To facilitate the spectral interpretation, three methods of variable selection were studied: variable importance in the projection (VIP), interval partial least squares (iPLS) and elimination of uninformative variables (UVE). The UVE method seems to be more appropriate for selecting important variables, reducing the dimension of the variables to 183 and producing a root mean square error of prediction of 0.32 mg of KOH g(-1). By reducing the size of the data, it was possible to relate the selected variables with their corresponding molecular formulas, thus identifying the main chemical species responsible for the TAN values. PMID:25068148
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kaewkhao, J.; Limsuwan, P.
2010-07-01
In this work, the mass attenuation coefficients, partial interactions and the effective atomic numbers ( Zeff) of Bi 2O 3, PbO and BaO in xR mO n:(100- x)P 2O 5 (where x=30? x?70 (% by weight)) glass system have been investigated on the basis of the mixture rule at 662 keV. The total and partial interactions were calculated by WinXCom software. It has been found that the total mass attenuation coefficients of glasses increase with increasing Bi 2O 3 and PbO concentrations, due to the increasing photoelectric absorption in glass samples. However, Compton scattering gives dominant contribution to the total mass attenuation coefficients for the studied glass samples. The Zeff increases with increase in Bi 2O 3, PbO and BaO concentrations. For comparison, the Zeff of PbO glasses are comparable to that of Bi 2O 3 glasses and Zeff of both glasses are greater than BaO glasses. These results are very useful for designing radiation shielding glass and reflecting the influence of bismuth, barium, and lead content in radiation shielding phosphate glass. Besides the mentioned usefulness of the new materials, development of lead-free radiation protecting glass also leaves non-toxic impact on our environment.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Neusüß, C.; Wex, H.; Birmili, W.; Wiedensohler, A.; Koziar, C.; Busch, B.; Brüggemann, E.; Gnauk, T.; Ebert, M.; Covert, D. S.
2002-11-01
Intensive measurements of chemical and physical properties of the atmospheric aerosol have been performed at two sites in central Europe during the Melpitz-Intensive (MINT) in November 1997 and the Lindenberg Aerosol Characterization Experiment 1998 (LACE 98) in July and August 1998. Number-size distributions, hygroscopic particle growth, size-segregated gravimetric mass, and size-segregated chemical masses of water-soluble ions and organic and elemental carbon of aerosol particles have been measured. To obtain information on the quality of the different methods, the number-derived, gravimetric, and chemically derived mass distributions are compared. Gravimetric mass of fine particles is attributed completely to chemical composition by carbonaceous material and ions, including an estimate of the water content due to hygroscopic compounds. For the characterization of coarse particles, which contribute less to the total mass concentration, insoluble material has to be included in the mass balance. Mass concentrations calculated from the number-size distributions are well correlated with the gravimetric mass concentration; however, the calculated mass is larger, especially for the Aitken and accumulation modes. The number-derived mass concentration is most sensitive to the sizing uncertainty of the measured number-size distribution. Moreover, the impactor cutoffs and the limited knowledge about the density of the particles (especially with high carbon content) account for a major part of the uncertainties. The overall uncertainty of the calculated mass, determined as the standard deviation of the average value in a Monte Carlo approach, is found to be about 10%. Lognormal parameters for the number-size and volume-size distributions as well as gravimetric mass-size distribution and corresponding chemical composition are presented for different air mass types. Most of the modal parameters do not differ significantly between the air mass types. Higher mass concentrations are mostly due to an increase in size (of Aitken and accumulation mode) rather than an increase in the number of particles in a given mode. Generally, the mass percent carbon content increases with decreasing particle size. The most pronounced difference with season is an increase of carbon content from summer to winter as well as an increase in nitrate content, resulting in a decrease of sulfate. For nitrate a strong dependence on air mass direction is observed. Sulfate and nitrate are predominantly neutralized by ammonium. With the results of the two experiments, quality-controlled mode parameters and corresponding chemical composition of atmospheric aerosol particles in central Europe are now available for application in models.
Lewis, D J
2015-03-01
Hydrodynamic chromatography - inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HDC-ICP-MS) is a technique that is widely used in the size-characterisation of nanoparticles. In this work, a system was modified to facilitate the injection of NIST-traceable standards into the post-column effluent, which then allowed the response from an eluting nanoparticle to be quantified against the response from the post-column standards. Combining the simultaneously acquired particle sizing data and mass concentration data allowed accurate quantification of the particle number concentration to be made in a single analytical run. This unique single-method approach was successfully validated against a nanoparticle system which had previously been characterised in a number of recent peer-reviewed publications. In addition to this, its robustness was assessed using extracts from a study investigating the fate of nanoparticles in sewage sludge, and found to provide much improved data compared to what might have been achieved using an external calibration approach. With in-vial limits of detection of 2 and 10 ng ml(-1) for titanium and silver respectively, it is insufficient for use with environmental waters, but is foreseen as being useful in screening nanoparticle production processes, or in the characterisation of higher concentration materials. As this instrumental configuration is likely to be of use to researchers involved in the general area of quantitative trace element speciation, detailed description of construction of the interface is given as ESI. PMID:25627965
Maryland at College Park, University of
of the Nucleon Effective Mass in 10B L. J. de Bever,1,2 H. P. Blok,1,3 R. S. Hicks,4 C. W. de Jager,1,5 N in terms of the nucleon effective mass. [S0031-9007(98)06023-2] PACS numbers: 25.30.Fj, 14.20.Dh, 25.30.Dh to notions such as quasiparticle wave functions and effective masses, concepts for describ- ing the effects
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chirico, R.; Clairotte, M.; Adam, T. W.; Giechaskiel, B.; Heringa, M. F.; Elsasser, M.; Martini, G.; Manfredi, U.; Streibel, T.; Sklorz, M.; Zimmermann, R.; DeCarlo, P. F.; Astorga, C.; Baltensperger, U.; Prevot, A. S. H.
2014-06-01
A sampling campaign with seven different types of vehicles was conducted in 2009 at the vehicle test facilities of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Ispra (Italy). The vehicles chosen were representative of some categories circulating in Europe and were fueled either with standard gasoline or diesel and some with blends of rapeseed methyl ester biodiesel. The aim of this work was to improve the knowledge about the emission factors of gas phase and particle-associated regulated and unregulated species from vehicle exhaust. Unregulated species such as black carbon (BC), primary organic aerosol (OA) content, particle number (PN), monocyclic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and a~selection of unregulated gaseous compounds, including nitrous acid (N2O), ammonia (NH3), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), formaldehyde (HCHO), acetaldehyde (CH3CHO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and methane (CH4), were measured in real time with a suite of instruments including a high-resolution aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer, a resonance enhanced multi-photon ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer, and a high resolution Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. Diesel vehicles, without particle filters, featured the highest values for particle number, followed by gasoline vehicles and scooters. The particles from diesel and gasoline vehicles were mostly made of BC with a low fraction of OA, while the particles from the scooters were mainly composed of OA. Scooters were characterized by super high emissions factors for OA, which were orders of magnitude higher than for the other vehicles. The heavy duty diesel vehicle (HDDV) featured the highest nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions, while the scooters had the highest emissions for total hydrocarbons and aromatic compounds due to the unburned and partially burned gasoline and lubricant oil mixture. Generally, vehicles fuelled with biodiesel blends showed lower emission factors of OA and total aromatics than those from the standard fuels. The scooters were the main emitters of aromatic compounds, followed by the gasoline vehicle, the diesel vehicles and the HDDV.
Bade, Richard; Bijlsma, Lubertus; Miller, Thomas H; Barron, Leon P; Sancho, Juan Vicente; Hernández, Felix
2015-12-15
The recent development of broad-scope high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) screening methods has resulted in a much improved capability for new compound identification in environmental samples. However, positive identifications at the ng/L concentration level rely on analytical reference standards for chromatographic retention time (tR) and mass spectral comparisons. Chromatographic tR prediction can play a role in increasing confidence in suspect screening efforts for new compounds in the environment, especially when standards are not available, but reliable methods are lacking. The current work focuses on the development of artificial neural networks (ANNs) for tR prediction in gradient reversed-phase liquid chromatography and applied along with HRMS data to suspect screening of wastewater and environmental surface water samples. Based on a compound tR dataset of >500 compounds, an optimized 4-layer back-propagation multi-layer perceptron model enabled predictions for 85% of all compounds to within 2min of their measured tR for training (n=344) and verification (n=100) datasets. To evaluate the ANN ability for generalization to new data, the model was further tested using 100 randomly selected compounds and revealed 95% prediction accuracy within the 2-minute elution interval. Given the increasing concern on the presence of drug metabolites and other transformation products (TPs) in the aquatic environment, the model was applied along with HRMS data for preliminary identification of pharmaceutically-related compounds in real samples. Examples of compounds where reference standards were subsequently acquired and later confirmed are also presented. To our knowledge, this work presents for the first time, the successful application of an accurate retention time predictor and HRMS data-mining using the largest number of compounds to preliminarily identify new or emerging contaminants in wastewater and surface waters. PMID:26363605
Hu, Min; Peng, Jianfei; Sun, Kang; Yue, Dingli; Guo, Song; Wiedensohler, Alfred; Wu, Zhijun
2012-09-18
Simultaneous measurements of aerosol size, distribution of number, mass, and chemical compositions were conducted in the winter of 2007 in Beijing using a Twin Differential Mobility Particle Sizer and a Micro Orifice Uniform Deposit Impactor. Both material density and effective density of ambient particles were estimated to be 1.61 ± 0.13 g cm(-3) and 1.62 ± 0.38 g cm(-3) for PM(1.8) and 1.73 ± 0.14 g cm(-3) and 1.67 ± 0.37 g cm(-3) for PM(10). Effective density decreased in the nighttime, indicating the primary particles emission from coal burning influenced the density of ambient particles. Size-resolved material density and effective density showed that both values increased with diameter from about 1.5 g cm(-3) at the size of 0.1 ?m to above 2.0 g cm(-3) in the coarse mode. Material density was significantly higher for particles between 0.56 and 1.8 ?m during clean episodes. Dynamic Shape Factors varied within the range of 0.95-1.13 and decreased with particle size, indicating that coagulation and atmospheric aging processes may change the shape of particles. PMID:22458861
Reddick, Rachel M.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Lu, Yu [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Tinker, Jeremy L., E-mail: rmredd@stanford.edu, E-mail: rwechsler@stanford.edu [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States)
2014-03-10
Many approaches to obtaining cosmological constraints rely on the connection between galaxies and dark matter. However, the distribution of galaxies is dependent on their formation and evolution as well as on the cosmological model, and galaxy formation is still not a well-constrained process. Thus, methods that probe cosmology using galaxies as tracers for dark matter must be able to accurately estimate the cosmological parameters. This can be done without knowing details of galaxy formation a priori as long as the galaxies are well represented by a halo occupation distribution (HOD). We apply this reasoning to the method of obtaining ? {sub m} and ?{sub 8} from galaxy clustering combined with the mass-to-number ratio of galaxy clusters. To test the sensitivity of this method to variations due to galaxy formation, we consider several different models applied to the same cosmological dark matter simulation. The cosmological parameters are then estimated using the observables in each model, marginalizing over the parameters of the HOD. We find that for models where the galaxies can be well represented by a parameterized HOD, this method can successfully extract the desired cosmological parameters for a wide range of galaxy formation prescriptions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lehn, Scott A.; Warner, Kelly A.; Huang, Mao; Hieftje, Gary M.
2002-11-01
Thomson scattering, Rayleigh scattering and line-of-sight emission intensities of Ca ion and Sr ion from the inductively coupled plasma were measured in the presence and in the absence of an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry sampler interface. When present, the sampler interface was located 13 mm above the load coil (ALC); optical measurements were made 6, 7 and 8 mm ALC. The experimental results suggest that both the electron temperature ( Te) and gas-kinetic temperature ( Tg) dropped in the presence of the sampler interface, with the change in Tg seemingly greater than that in Te, suggesting a faster cooling process for the heavy particles. In contrast, electron number density ( ne) seemed to be generally increased in the outer regions of the discharge but went down in the central channel, a reflection that ne is possibly dominated by ambipolar diffusion which becomes less efficient as Te drops. Assuming these results, the plasma decays more gradually ALC and deviates from local thermodynamic equilibrium even more significantly in the presence of the sampler interface. Analyte line emission intensity was either depressed or enhanced in the presence of the interface, depending on the element being observed and the operating conditions. In addition, the change in emission intensity caused by the sampler interface became much more dramatic when a matrix element, such as Li or Zn, was introduced.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ripoll, A.; Pey, J.; Minguillón, M. C.; Pérez, N.; Pandolfi, M.; Querol, X.; Alastuey, A.
2014-04-01
Time variation of mass particulate matter (PM1 and PM1&minus10), black carbon (BC) and number of particles (N3: number of particles with an aerodynamic diameter higher than 3 nm, and N10: higher than 10 nm) concentrations at the high-altitude site of Montsec (MSC) in the southern Pyrenees was interpreted for the period 2010-2012. At MSC, PM10 (12 ?g m-3) and N7 (2140 # cm-3) three-year arithmetic average concentrations were higher than those measured at other high-altitude sites in central Europe during the same period (PM10: 3-9 ?g m-3 and N: 634-2070 # cm-3). By contrast, BC concentrations at MSC (0.2 ?g m-3) were equal to or even lower than those measured at these European sites (0.2-0.4 ?g m-3). These differences were attributed to the higher relevance of Saharan dust transport and to the higher importance of the biogenic precursor emissions and new particle formation (NPF) processes, and to the lower influence of anthropogenic emissions at MSC. The different time variation of PM and BC concentrations compared with that of N suggests that these aerosol parameters were governed by diverse factors at MSC. Both PM and BC concentrations showed marked differences for different meteorological scenarios, with enhanced concentrations under North African air outbreaks (PM1&minus10: 13 ?g m-3, PM1: 8 ?g m-3 and BC: 0.3 ?g m-3) and low concentrations when Atlantic advections occurred (PM1-10: 5 ?g m-3, PM1: 4 ?g m-3 and BC: 0.1 ?g m-3). PM and BC concentrations increased in summer, with a secondary maximum in early spring, and were at their lowest in winter, due to the contrasting origin of the air masses in the warmer seasons (spring and summer) and in the colder seasons (autumn and winter). The maximum in the warmer seasons was attributed to long-range transport processes that mask the breezes and regional transport breaking the daily cycles of these pollutants. By contrast, PM and BC concentrations showed clear diurnal cycles, with maxima at midday in the colder seasons. A statistically significant weekly variation was also obtained for the BC concentrations, displaying a progressive increase from Tuesday to Saturday, followed by a significant decrease on Sunday and Monday. N concentrations depended more on local meteorological variables such as temperature and solar radiation intensity than on the origin of the air mass. Therefore, arithmetic averages as a function of meteorological episodes showed the highest concentrations of N during summer regional episodes (N3: 4461 # cm-3 and N7: 3021 # cm-3) and the lowest concentrations during winter regional scenarios (N3: 2496 # cm-3 and N7: 1073 # cm-3). This dependence on temperature and solar radiation also accounted for the marked diurnal cycle of N concentrations throughout the year, with a peak at midday and for the absence of a weekly pattern. Measurements carried out at MSC enabled us to characterize the tropospheric background aerosols in the western Mediterranean basin (WMB). Our results highlight the importance of the NPF processes in southern Europe, underline the high contribution of long-range dust transport with respect to central Europe and its prevalence in elevated layers, and reveal that MSC is much less affected by anthropogenic emissions than other high-altitude sites in central Europe.
Eloranta, Edwin W.
* radar Doppler velocity = precipitation rate Integrating precip rate yields total precipitation EurekaAn improved model for snowfall measurement using lidar and radar Lidar Backscatter Cross Section ~ number density * Radar Backscatter Cross Section ~ number density * Radar
Kagawa, Shuji
2013-01-01
The potential of a novel derivatization reagent, trifluoroacetic anhydride (TFAA), in determining the number of OH groups in poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was investigated by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). The MALDI mass spectra of the products revealed peaks of sodiated derivative cations, whose shift by the respective increments, ?m/z: 96?×?number of OH, allowed for the determination of the number of end functional groups with active hydrogens. In the present study, complete acylation of OH groups by TFAA proceeded rapidly, and only required mixing in acetonitrile solvent without purification. As a result, the number of OH end groups of PEG could be determined rapidly. PMID:24860712
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ripoll, A.; Pey, J.; Minguillón, M. C.; Pérez, N.; Pandolfi, M.; Querol, X.; Alastuey, A.
2013-10-01
Time variation of mass particulate matter (PM1 and PM1-10), black carbon (BC) and particle number (N) concentrations at the high altitude site of Montsec (MSC) in the southern Pyrenees was interpreted for the period 2010-2012. The MSC site registered higher PM10 (12 ?g m-3) and N > 7 nm (2209 # cm-3) concentrations than those measured at other high altitude sites in central Europe (PM10: 3-9 ?g m-3 and N: 634-2070 # cm-3). By contrast, BC concentrations at MSC (0.2 ?g m-3) were equal or even lower than those measured at these European sites (0.2-0.4 ?g m-3). These differences were attributed to the lower influence of anthropogenic emissions and to the higher relevance of Saharan dust transport and new particle formation (NPF) processes at MSC. The different time variation of PM and BC concentrations compared with that of N suggests that these aerosol parameters were governed by diverse factors at MSC. Both PM and BC concentrations showed marked differences for different meteorological scenarios, with enhanced concentrations under North African outbreaks (PM1-10: 13 ?g m-3, PM1: 8 ?g m-3 and BC: 0.3 ?g m-3) and low concentrations when Atlantic advections occurred (PM1-10: 5 ?g m-3, PM1: 4 ?g m-3 and BC: 0.1 ?g m-3). Because of the contrasting origin of the air masses in the warmer seasons (spring and summer) and in the colder seasons (autumn and winter), PM and BC concentrations showed a marked increase in summer, with a secondary maximum in early spring, and were at their lowest during winter. The maximum in the warmer seasons was attributed to long-range transport processes which mask the breezes and regional transport breaking the daily cycles of these pollutants. By contrast, PM and BC concentrations showed clear diurnal cycles with maxima at midday in the colder seasons. A statistically significant weekly variation was also obtained for the BC concentrations, displaying a progressive increase from Tuesday to Saturday, followed by a significant decrease on Sunday and Monday. N concentrations depended more on local meteorological variables such as solar radiation than on the air mass origin. Therefore, the highest concentrations of N were associated with summer regional episodes (N > 3 nm: 4461 # cm-3 and N > 7 nm: 3021 # cm-3) and the lowest concentrations were related to winter regional scenarios (N > 3 nm: 2496 # cm-3 and N > 7 nm: 1073 # cm-3). This dependence on solar radiation also accounted for the marked diurnal cycle of N concentrations throughout the year with a peak at midday and for the absence of a weekly pattern. Measurements carried out at MSC enabled us to characterize the tropospheric background aerosols in the Western Mediterranean Basin (WMB). Our results highlight the importance of the NPF processes in southern Europe, reveal much lower anthropogenic emissions than in central Europe, and underline the contribution of natural long-range transport such as Saharan dust.
Chang Chaohsi [CCAST (World Laboratory), P.O.Box 8730, Beijing 100080 (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 2735, Beijing 100080 (China); Qiao Congfeng [Department of Physics, Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wang Jianxiong [Institute of High Energy Physics, P.O.Box 918(4), Beijing 100049 (China); Wu Xinggang [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 2735, Beijing 100080 (China)
2006-05-01
To try to understand the experimental observation of SELEX Collaboration and to check the existent results in literature, we have done a theoretical investigation on hadronic production of the doubly charmed baryon {xi}{sub cc} ({xi}{sub cc}{sup ++} or {xi}{sub cc}{sup +}) under the general-mass variable-flavor-number (GM-VFN) scheme. A similar study of the production at LHC and TEVATRON is also performed. The production here is realized via production of a binding diquark either (cc)[{sup 3}S{sub 1}]{sub 3} (in configuration S-wave and in color 3) or (cc)[{sup 1}S{sub 0}]{sub 6} (in configuration S-wave and in color 6) instead of only the diquark (cc)[{sup 3}S{sub 1}]{sub 3} is considered. Numerical results show that the production via each configuration of the diquark is comparable at LHC and TEVATRON under the condition that the NRQCD matrix elements relevant to the diquark production are assumed approximately to be equal to each other; and the contributions from collision of a so-called 'extrinsic' charm and a gluon inside the colliding hadrons are comparable with, or even greater than, those from the so-called gluon-gluon fusion, especially, in the region of small transverse-momentum p{sub t}. We also note that due to the contributions from the 'extrinsic' charm, the theoretical prediction on the production of the baryon {xi}{sub cc} is raised by one order in comparison with the existent predictions almost.
Mass spectrometer calibration standard
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ross, D. S.
1978-01-01
Inert perfluorinated alkane and alkyl ethers mixture is used to calibrate mass spectrometer. Noncontaminating, commercially-available liquid provides series of reproducible reference peaks over broad mass spectrum that ranges over mass numbers from 1 to 200.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ban-Weiss, G. A.; Krasowsky, T.; Sioutas, C.; Daher, N.
2014-12-01
As pollutant emissions from motor vehicles have vastly decreased over the last decades, the relative contribution from non-road sources has increased. There is a serious lack of real-world emissions measurements for many non-road sources including locomotives. As such, uncertainties in emissions from these sources is high. Locomotives contribute to human exposure of diesel pollutants near ports, railyards, and rail lines. Reducing uncertainty in current estimates of locomotive emissions is needed for enhancing the accuracy of emission inventories with corresponding improvements in health risk, air pollution, and climate assessments. Particulate matter emissions from a large sample (N=88) of in-use freight locomotives were measured in the Alameda Corridor, located near the port of Los Angeles. Emission factors for black carbon (BC), particle number (PN), fine particulate mass (PM2.5), and lung-deposited surface area (LDSA) were computed based on 1 Hz measurements of the rise and fall of particulate emissions and CO2 concentrations as the locomotives passed the sampling location. Mean emission factors ± standard deviations were 0.9 ± 0.5 g kg-1 of fuel consumed for BC, (2.1 ± 1.5)x1016 # kg-1 for PN, 1.6 ± 1.3 g kg-1 for PM2.5, and (2.2 ± 1.7)x1013 ?m2 kg-1 for LDSA. Emission factors for individual trains were slightly skewed, with the dirtiest 10% of locomotives responsible for 20%, 24%, 28%, and 27% of total BC, PN, PM2.5, and LDSA emissions, respectively. BC versus LDSA emissions from individual locomotives were found to be anti-correlated, suggesting that the highest emitters of black carbon may in fact result in less particle lung-deposited surface area than lower BC emitters. Using results presented here along with previous measurements, we compare for freight trains versus diesel trucks the amount of BC emissions associated with pulling an intermodal freight container over a given distance. Emission factors for locomotives presented here establish a baseline prior to reductions that are anticipated as a result of Federal regulation and state control efforts in 2015.
The number density and mass density of star-forming and quiescent galaxies at 0.4 < z < 2.2
Brammer, Gabriel B; van Dokkum, Pieter G; Marchesini, Danilo; Franx, Marijn; Kriek, Mariska; Labbe, Ivo; Lee, Kyoung-Soo; Muzzin, Adam; Quadri, Ryan F; Rudnick, Gregory; Williams, Rik
2011-01-01
We study the build-up of the bimodal galaxy population using the NEWFIRM Medium-Band Survey, which provides excellent redshifts and well-sampled spectral energy distributions of ~27,000 galaxies with K 3 10^11 solar masses increases by a factor of ~10 from z=2 to the present day, whereas the mass density in star-forming galaxies is flat or decreases over the same time period. Modest mass growth by a factor of 2 of individual quiescent galaxies can explain roughly half of the strong density evolution at M>10^11 solar masses, due to the steepness of the exponential tail of the mass function. The rest of the density evolution of massive, quiescent galaxies is likely due to transformation (e.g. quenching) of the massive star-forming population, a conclusion which is consistent with the density evolution we observe for the star-forming galaxies themselves, which is flat or decreasing with cosmic time. Modest mass growth does not explain the evolution of less massive quiescent galaxies (~10^10.5 solar masses), whic...
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Neuschatz, Michael; McFarling, Mark; White, Susan
2008-01-01
This report traces the growth of high school physics in American school over the past twenty years. Highlights of the report include: (1) Enrollments in high school physics continue to grow; (2) Increase in number and proportion of physics teachers; (3) Number of students taking honors, advance placement or second-year physics course has nearly…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jyrkiainen, Jyrki, Comp.
A compilation of papers from a joint Finnish-Russian seminar on problems of communication research, this collection presents diverse opinions and results from researchers and observers in both countries. The titles of the papers and their authors are as follows: (1) "Role of Research and Training in Mass Communication and Public Opinion" (Pertti…
Takahashi, Hiroshi
1987-01-01
The muon-catalyzed fusion process has a very valuable role for antiproton science and technology. Several schemes of propulsion energy enhancement of the antiproton-fueled propulsion using the muon-catalyzed fusion are discussed. Production of high A mass antinuclei by the muon-catalyzed fusion using the clustered antihydrogen molecule and quark-gluon plasma formation by annihilation of the produced high A antimatter with regular nuclei are discussed. 22 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Re, R. J.
1974-01-01
An investigation was conducted in the Langley 16-foot transonic tunnel to determine the performance of seven inlets having NACA 1-series contours and one inlet having an elliptical contour over a range of mass-flow ratios and at angle of attack. The inlet diameter ratio varied from 0.81 to 0.89; inlet length ratio varied from 0.75 to 1.25; and internal contraction ratio varied from 1.009 to 1.093. Reynolds number based on inlet maximum diameter varied from 3.4 million at a Mach number of 0.4 to 5.6 million at a Mach number of 1.29.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Shah, N. Y.; Reed, X. B., Jr.
1995-01-01
Forced convective diffusion-reaction is considered for viscous axisymmetric extensional convecting velocity in the neighborhood of a sphere. For Peclet numbers in the range 0.1 less than or equal to Pe less than or equal to 500 and for Damkohler numbers increasing with increasing Pe but in the overall range 0.02 less than or equal to Da less than or equal to 10, average and local Sherwood numbers have been computed. By introducing the eigenfunction expansion c(r, Theta) = Sum of c(n)(r)P(n)(cos Theta) into the forced convective diffusion equation for the concentration of a chemical species undergoing a first order homogeneous reaction and by using properties of the Legendre functions Pn(cos Theta), the variable coefficient PDE can be reduced to a system of N + 1 second order ODEs for the radial functions c(sub n)(r), n = 0, 1, 2,..., N. The adaptive grid algorithm of Pereyra and Lentini can be used to solve the corresponding 2(N + 1) first order differential equations as a two-point boundary value problem on 1 less than or equal to r less than or equal to r(sub infinity). Convergence of the expansion for a specific value of N can thus be established and provides 'spectral' behavior as well as the full concentration field c(r, Theta).
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Kobler, Benjamin (Editor); Hariharan, P. C. (Editor)
1998-01-01
This document contains copies of those technical papers received in time for publication prior to the Sixth Goddard Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies which is being held in cooperation with the Fifteenth IEEE Symposium on Mass Storage Systems at the University of Maryland-University College Inn and Conference Center March 23-26, 1998. As one of an ongoing series, this Conference continues to provide a forum for discussion of issues relevant to the management of large volumes of data. The Conference encourages all interested organizations to discuss long term mass storage requirements and experiences in fielding solutions. Emphasis is on current and future practical solutions addressing issues in data management, storage systems and media, data acquisition, long term retention of data, and data distribution. This year's discussion topics include architecture, tape optimization, new technology, performance, standards, site reports, vendor solutions. Tutorials will be available on shared file systems, file system backups, data mining, and the dynamics of obsolescence.
Bowles, T.J.
1993-01-01
Neutrinos play a dominant role in both particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. In the our present understanding of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces, the group structure of the Standard Model is SU(3)[sub C] [circle times] SU(2)[sub L] [circle times] U(I)[sub EM]. In the Weinberg-Salam-Glashow Standard Electroweak Model, left-handed neutrinos sit in a doublet, while right-handed neutrinos are in a singlet, and therefore do not interact with the other known particles. Also in this model, the neutrinos are intrinsically massless. However, while the W-S-G model provides an amazingly accurate picture of our present cold Universe, It has a number of deficits. The Standard Model does not explain the origin of the group structure, It does not reduce the number of coupling constants required, nor does it offer any prediction for the physical masses of the particles. Thus, it is generally assumed that the Standard Model is but a subset of some larger gauge theory. A wide variety of Grand Unified field Theories (GUTs), Super Symmetric Models (SUSY), and Superstring models have been proposed as the model for this larger structure. In general, these models predict nonzero neutrino masses and contain mechanisms that provide for lepton-number violation. Thus, a variety of new phenomena are predicted, including finite neutrino masses and the possibility that neutrinos can oscillate from one type to another. This report looks at the possibility of detecting neutrino vat mass.
Bowles, T.J.
1993-04-01
Neutrinos play a dominant role in both particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. In the our present understanding of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces, the group structure of the Standard Model is SU(3){sub C} {circle_times} SU(2){sub L} {circle_times} U(I){sub EM}. In the Weinberg-Salam-Glashow Standard Electroweak Model, left-handed neutrinos sit in a doublet, while right-handed neutrinos are in a singlet, and therefore do not interact with the other known particles. Also in this model, the neutrinos are intrinsically massless. However, while the W-S-G model provides an amazingly accurate picture of our present cold Universe, It has a number of deficits. The Standard Model does not explain the origin of the group structure, It does not reduce the number of coupling constants required, nor does it offer any prediction for the physical masses of the particles. Thus, it is generally assumed that the Standard Model is but a subset of some larger gauge theory. A wide variety of Grand Unified field Theories (GUTs), Super Symmetric Models (SUSY), and Superstring models have been proposed as the model for this larger structure. In general, these models predict nonzero neutrino masses and contain mechanisms that provide for lepton-number violation. Thus, a variety of new phenomena are predicted, including finite neutrino masses and the possibility that neutrinos can oscillate from one type to another. This report looks at the possibility of detecting neutrino vat mass.
the STAR Collaboration
2007-01-06
We present STAR measurements of the azimuthal anisotropy parameter $v_2$ for pions, kaons, protons, $\\Lambda$, $\\bar{\\Lambda}$, $\\Xi+\\bar{\\Xi}$, and $\\Omega + \\bar{\\Omega}$, along with $v_4$ for pions, kaons, protons, and $\\Lambda + \\bar{\\Lambda}$ at mid-rapidity for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=62.4$ and 200 GeV. The $v_2(p_T)$ values for all hadron species at 62.4 GeV are similar to those observed in 130 and 200 GeV collisions. For observed kinematic ranges, $v_2$ values at 62.4, 130, and 200 GeV are as little as 10%--15% larger than those in Pb+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=17.3$ GeV. At intermediate transverse momentum ($p_T$ from 1.5--5 GeV/c), the 62.4 GeV $v_2(p_T)$ and $v_4(p_T)$ values are consistent with the quark-number scaling first observed at 200 GeV. A four-particle cumulant analysis is used to assess the non-flow contributions to pions and protons and some indications are found for a smaller non-flow contribution to protons than pions. Baryon $v_2$ is larger than anti-baryon $v_2$ at 62.4 and 200 GeV perhaps indicating either that the initial spatial net-baryon distribution is anisotropic, that the mechanism leading to transport of baryon number from beam- to mid-rapidity enhances $v_2$, or that anti-baryon and baryon annihilation is larger in the in-plane direction.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Dan Bunker
2010-01-01
Students can use this interactive Flash applet to practice ordering whole numbers within 20. The applet displays a track and number tiles, which the user drags to create the correct sequence of numbers 1 through 20. Users may choose from four levels: place 5 missing numbers, place 10 numbers, arrange all 20 numbers, or create your own challenge.
Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference 23-26 September 2008
Barth, Jack
:45 Evening Session: General Contributions I 5:45 6:30 Free Time 6:30 8:00 Dinner 8:15 10:00 Poster:00 Morning Session: Harmful Algal Blooms (and their Benign Cousins) 12:00 4:00 Lunch and Free Time 4:00 5 at regional scales: prediction, detection, and consequences 12:00 4:00 Lunch and Free Time 4:00 5
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2008-01-01
Hacker has given you a challenge. He’ll run his number machine to create a number. Then you’ll get three numbers between one and nine. The challenge is to make a number that is larger than the one on Hacker’s machine. Be careful though--Hacker will give you numbers that can’t be bigger than his!
Primary mass standard based on atomic masses
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Becker, Peter; Gläser, Michael
2006-04-01
The paper summarises the activities of several national and international Metrology Institutes in replacing the kilogram artefact, the unit of mass, by the mass of a certain number of atoms, in particular the atomic masses of silicon or bismuth. This task is based on two different experiments: a very accurate determination of the Avogadro constant, NA, measuring the density and lattice parameter of an enriched silicon-28 crystal, and the accumulation of decelerated bismuth-209 ions by using a mass separator. The relative measurement uncertainties reached so far are in the first case 2 parts in 107, and in the latter several part in 104. The bismuth experiment is still in an early state of the work. The ratios between the masses of 28Si or 209Bi, respectively, and the present atomic mass standard, the mass of 12C, can be determined with an accuracy now approaching 10-10 using high precision Penning traps mass spectrometers.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
This problem provides an opportunity for children to explore and visualize number patterns and sequences and to reinforce key number concepts and vocabulary such as odd and even, factors and multiples. Students cut consecutive number tracks into equal length pieces in several ways and investigate the patterns that emerge among the sums of the tracks. The Teachers' Notes page explains number tracks and offers suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, a printable sheet of number tracks (pdf), and ideas for extension and support.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2013-12-04
In this online math game from Cyberchase, learners play against Hacker in a place value game. The goal is to make a number bigger than the one created by Hacker's number machine. Learners select the numbers in the order in which they want them to go into their machine. The challenge is to either make a number larger than the one on Hacker's machine or realize that it's impossible to make a number bigger than Hacker's, no matter what the combination.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Luo, G.; Yu, F.
2014-12-01
Aerosols affect the global energy budget by scattering and absorbing sunlight (direct effects) and by changing the microphysical properties, lifetime, and coverage of clouds (indirect effects). One of the key challenges in quantifying the aerosol direct and indirect effects is to deep our understanding about the size distribution, size-resolved composition, and mixing state of aerosols. However, detailed information on size distribution and mixing state is often not available or incomplete in current climate models. Here, we incorporated APM into CESM. APM is a multi-type, multi-component (sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, SOA, BC, OC, dust, and sea salt), size-resolved particle microphysics model. Online chemistry, up-to-date nucleation, oxidation aging of medium-volatile and semi-volatile organic gases, aerosol-cloud interaction with stratiform cloud, shallow convection cloud, and deep convection cloud are considered. The amounts of secondary species coated on primary particles, through condensation, coagulation, equilibrium uptake, and aqueous chemistry, are also tracked. Model results are compared with aerosol mass observed by IMPROVE/EMEP, vertical structure of global particle number from aircraft-based field campaigns, particle and cloud condensation nuclei number at ground-based stations, aerosol optical properties retrieved by several satellites. Model results can capture the major characteristics shown in these observations. With this model system, we find that global burdens of sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, BC, OC from 2000 to 2100, under scenario RCP 4.5 where total radiative forcing is stabilized before 2100, are decreased by 44%, 50%, 43%, 40%, 40%, respectively. Dust and sea salt increase slightly. Global burdens of secondary species coated on BCOC, dust, and sea salt are deceased by 34%, 30% and 60%, respectively. Global averaged aerosol number in the lower troposphere (from surface to 3 km) is significantly decreased, especially for particles smaller than 40 nm. Although secondary particles (SP) are decreased from 2000 to 2100, aerosol number is still dominated by SP. Cloud droplet number in the lower troposphere is decreased 30% from 2000 to 2100. The impacts of the aerosol changes on cloud properties, precipitation, and radiative forcing will be discussed in detail.
Vann, R C; Althen, T G; Smith, W K; Veenhuizen, J J; Smith, S B
1998-05-01
Our objective in this study was to determine the effect of recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) on indices of muscle development in creep-fed beef calves. Crossbred steer calves were assigned to one of two treatment groups: control (sham-injected; n = 12) or rbST-treated (.09 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1); n = 12). Calves were injected every 14 d starting at d 28 of age and were weaned at 205 d of age. Supplemental creep feed was supplied free access to all calves to compensate for an expected increased protein and energy requirement in calves given rbST. Biopsy (d 100) and slaughter (d 206) samples of semitendinosus muscle were evaluated for satellite cell, myofiber nuclei numbers, and myosin light chain (MLC-1f) mRNA quantification. Myofiber nuclei and satellite cell numbers per 100 myofibers and MLC-1f mRNA:rRNA ratios at 100 and 206 d of age were not different (P > .10) between control and rbST-treated calves. Total gain, ADG, quality grade, femur length, percentage kidney, pelvic, and heart fat, dressing percentage, plasma IGF-I, and plasma urea nitrogen concentrations did not differ (P > .10) between control and rbST-treated calves. However, rbST-treated calves had larger longissimus muscle areas (P < .03), less marbling (P < .001), higher carcass conformation scores (P < .04), greater mass of separated muscle (P < .03), more ground meat (P < .01), and heavier carcass weights (P < .05) than control calves. Thus, rbST treatment increased muscle characteristics while nuclei number and MLC-1f mRNA concentrations remained the same, implying that the additional muscle growth was in a normal fashion. PMID:9621943
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2010-04-01
This is a short study guide from the University of Maryland's Physics Education Research Group on introducing, interpreting, and using complex numbers. Mathematical equations are included to help students understand the nature of complex numbers.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2011-10-13
This Science NetLinks interactive game helps students increase their logic and decision making skills by challenging a player to consider a series of mathematical processes to find a path from a starting number to a goal number in a math maze. The activity appears as a 5x5 matrix of numbers, each of which has an operation symbol next to it, indicating whether it will be added to, subtracted from, or multiplied by the previous number. Starting in the center with a given number, players choose an adjoining number to complete the next step and they proceed until successfully reaching the goal number or until they have run out of usable numbers on the game board. To add an additional challenge to the game, a player can limit each level to reaching the target in seven or fewer steps.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Herrera, Terese A.
2004-01-01
This article features Number Time, a site developed by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) for young mathematics learners, located at www.bbc.co.uk/schools/numbertime. The site uses interactive animation to help children in pre-K through grade 2 understand and practice number basics. Users will find online games, videos that tell number…
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Michiel Doorman
2012-01-07
This interactive Java applet promotes number sense, estimation, and provides practice with order of operations. The player's goal is to make a numerical expression using the four given numbers and the four basic operations with the result being the target number (or as close as they can get to it). The student can also use brackets in their calculation.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rich, Andrew
2008-01-01
The leftist number system consists of numbers with decimal digits arranged in strings to the left, instead of to the right. This system fails to be a field only because it contains zerodivisors. The same construction with prime base yields the p-adic numbers.
Cepheid Mass-loss and the Pulsation -- Evolutionary Mass Discrepancy
Stefan C. Keller
2008-01-09
I investigate the discrepancy between the evolution and pulsation masses for Cepheid variables. A number of recent works have proposed that non-canonical mass-loss can account for the mass discrepancy. This mass-loss would be such that a 5Mo star loses approximately 20% of its mass by arriving at the Cepheid instability strip; a 14Mo star, none. Such findings would pose a serious challenge to our understanding of mass-loss. I revisit these results in light of the Padova stellar evolutionary models and find evolutionary masses are ($17\\pm5$)% greater than pulsation masses for Cepheids between 5mass discrepancy.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Dan Bunker
2005-01-01
This open-ended interactive Flash applet helps students develop operation and number sense, facility with number facts, and understanding of equations. Users designate single-digit whole numbers or integers and operations on both sides of an equation and test for balance. Users can enter numbers by using the keyboard or arrow buttons or by dragging number tiles. Each element can be hidden and a seesaw may be toggled on/off. Teachers may use this applet to lead instruction, or students may use it independently to perform specific investigations or explore freely. Supplementary documents include Objectives, containing teaching suggestions, and a student recording sheet.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Mrs. Black
2007-10-03
Students will practice counting to 100 and making numbers with base ten blocks Let\\'s have some fun with math! First, practice counting to 100. Listen to the instructions on this website. Count to 100 Now that you have worked on counting to 100, let\\'s make some numbers! Use the base ten blocks to make the numbers shown on the screen! Base Ten Blocks Great work! The next ...
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Mrs. Pierce
2010-11-16
The objective of this lesson is to gain a better understanding of complex numbers and their graphs Situation: The Swiss Mathemation, Jean Robert Argand developed a means to graphically represent complex numbers. This led to solving problems related to altenating electrical current, which provides current day luxuries. Could you do the same? Current Knowledge: Use your knowledge of complex number and the coordinate system and with your partner, ...
well ordering to prove the principle of mathematical induction. Theorem 1.2. ... For example the Fibonacci numbers are given by the sequence. 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8 ... The pattern is that each number in the sequence is the sum of the previous two.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
This brief overview of the six generally agreed-upon mass extinction events in geologic history examines the gaps in the fossil record and the possibility of a cyclic nature to mass extinctions. Links are provided to information on each of the six known mass extinction events, including their approximate ages, types and numbers or percentages of species that disappeared, and some postulated reasons for the die-offs.
R. I. Khrapko
2001-08-08
Rest mass takes the place of inertial mass in modern physics textbooks. It seems to be wrong. But this phenomenon is hidden away by the facts that rest mass adherents busily call rest mass "mass", not rest mass, and the word "mass" is associated with a measure of inertia. This topic has been considered by the author in the article "What is mass?" [1, 2, 3]. Additional arguments to a confirmation of such a thesis are presented here.
... tooth on the lower right would be T. Palmer Notation Method Adults In this system, the mouth ... the upper right quadrant. Children In children, the Palmer Notation System uses uppercase letters instead of numbers. ...
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2012-08-27
In this brief article the numerous uses of the number line are detailed: counting, measurement, addition, subtraction, decimals, and fractions. The article contains visual representations of the some of the concepts and links to related topics.
Department .: Sociology Course number : Soci 267W
Alpay, S. Pamir
Department .: Sociology Course number : Soci 267W Title : Public Opinion and Mass Communication Credits : 3 Contact Person : Brad Wright Catalog Copy : Soci 267. Public Opinion and Mass Communication and effects of mass communication, and the measurement of public opinion. Soci 267W. Public Opinion and Mass
Nuclear Masses in Astrophysics
Christine Weber; Klaus Blaum; Hendrik Schatz
2008-12-09
Among all nuclear ground-state properties, atomic masses are highly specific for each particular combination of N and Z and the data obtained apply to a variety of physics topics. One of the most crucial questions to be addressed in mass spectrometry of unstable radionuclides is the one of understanding the processes of element formation in the Universe. To this end, accurate atomic mass values of a large number of exotic nuclei participating in nucleosynthesis are among the key input data in large-scale reaction network calculations. In this paper, a review on the latest achievements in mass spectrometry for nuclear astrophysics is given.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
1999-01-01
This interactive applet contains four puzzles which develop fluency with addition facts and foster logical reasoning. Each puzzle provides a shape with blanks along its sides and diagonals. The user must fill in the blanks with the numbers provided to reach the same target sum along each side/diagonal.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Mrs. Fincher
2010-03-07
Let's get speedy with number use. Click on the game Going Bananas with Divsion which is in bold letters below. Using the mouse, click on Instructions and read them carefully. Then, click on Start Game . Then select 3-12 as your level to play. Use the mouse to select ...
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2012-12-27
In this lesson, learners are challenged to discover the relationship among six numbers. The objective of this activity is to engage learners in a problem-solving situation in which they practice aspects of the process of science. Learners can use an included Science Flowchart to chart their scientific experience. This lesson serves as a good introduction to the nature of scientific inquiry.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kathotia, Vinay
2009-01-01
This article reports on work undertaken by schools as part of Qualifications and Curriculum Authority's (QCA's) "Engaging mathematics for all learners" project. The goal was to use in the classroom, materials and approaches from a Royal Institution (Ri) Year 10 master-class, "Number Sense", which was inspired by examples from Michael Blastland and…
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2008-01-01
This interactive applet helps students develop fluency with multiplication facts. Users chose a factor from among the digits 1-9, each of which is associated with a mnemonic graphic. The applet then displays three numbers and the user selects the one which is a multiple of the chosen factor. The player must respond correctly to ten examples to complete a round. A one-point penalty for selecting an incorrect product discourages guessing. The few words that are displayed are in Dutch.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hammond, Richard T.
2015-03-01
Some physical aspects of negative mass are examined. Several unusual properties, such as the ability of negative mass to penetrate any armor, are analysed. Other surprising effects include the bizarre system of negative mass chasing positive mass, naked singularities and the violation of cosmic censorship, wormholes, and quantum mechanical results as well. In addition, a brief look into the implications for strings is given.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Goldberg, Leo
1987-01-01
Observational evidence for mass loss from cool stars is reviewed. Spectra line profiles are used for the derivation of mass-loss rates with the aid of the equation of continuity. This equation implies steady mass loss with spherical symmetry. Data from binary stars, Mira variables, and red giants in globular clusters are examined. Silicate emission is discussed as a useful indicator of mass loss in the middle infrared spectra. The use of thermal millimeter-wave radiation, Very Large Array (VLA) measurement of radio emission, and OH/IR masers are discussed as a tool for mass loss measurement. Evidence for nonsteady mass loss is also reviewed.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
2006-01-01
29 January 2006 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows a spotted, high latitude plain, south of the Argyre basin. When the image was received from Mars by the MOC operations team, they noticed -- with a sense of humor -- the number '8' on this martian surface. The '8' is located at the center-right and is formed by the rims of two old impact craters that have been eroded and partly-filled and partly-buried beneath the surface.
Location near: 68.6oS, 38.4oW Image width: 3 km (1.9 mi) Illumination from: upper left Season: Southern Summer
Several conditions can cause an abdominal mass: Abdominal aortic aneurysm can cause a pulsating mass around the navel. ... This could be a sign of a ruptured aortic aneurysm, which is an emergency condition. Contact your health ...
Qi Liu; Norman H. Christ; Chulwoo Jung
2012-06-01
We present a systematic study of the effectiveness of light quark mass reweighting. This method allows a single lattice QCD ensemble, generated with a specific value of the dynamical light quark mass, to be used to determine results for other, nearby light dynamical quark masses. We study two gauge field ensembles generated with 2+1 flavors of dynamical domain wall fermions with light quark masses m_l=0.02 (m_\\pi=620 MeV) and m_l=0.01 (m_\\pi=420 MeV). We reweight each ensemble to determine results which could be computed directly from the other and check the consistency of the reweighted results with the direct results. The large difference between the 0.02 and 0.01 light quark masses suggests that this is an aggressive application of reweighting as can be seen from fluctuations in the magnitude of the reweighting factor by four orders of magnitude. Never-the-less, a comparison of the reweighed topological charge, average plaquette, residual mass, pion mass, pion decay constant, and scalar correlator between these two ensembles shows agreement well described by the statistical errors. The issues of the effective number of configurations and finite sample size bias are discussed. An examination of the topological charge distribution implies that it is more favorable to reweight from heavier mass to lighter quark mass.
Richard T Hammond
2013-08-06
Some physical aspects of negative mass are examined. Several unusual properties, such as the ability of negative mass to penetrate any armor, are analyzed. Other surprising effects include the bizarre system of negative mass chasing positive pass, naked singularities and the violation of cosmic censorship, wormholes, and quantum mechanical results as well. In addition, a brief look into the implications for strings is given.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Burlingame, A. L.; Johanson, G. A.
1972-01-01
Review of the current state of mass spectrometry, indicating its unique importance for advanced scientific research. Mass spectrometry applications in computer techniques, gas chromatography, ion cyclotron resonance, molecular fragmentation and ionization, and isotope labeling are covered. Details are given on mass spectrometry applications in bio-organic chemistry and biomedical research. As the subjects of these applications are indicated alkaloids, carbohydrates, lipids, terpenes, quinones, nucleic acid components, peptides, antibiotics, and human and animal metabolisms. Particular attention is given to the mass spectra of organo-inorganic compounds, inorganic mass spectrometry, surface phenomena such as secondary ion and electron emission, and elemental and isotope analysis. Further topics include mass spectrometry in organic geochemistry, applications in geochronology and cosmochemistry, and organic mass spectrometry.
Gravitational and Inertial Mass
G. Burniston Brown
1960-01-01
One of the most astonishing features of the history of physics is the confusion which surrounds the definition of the key term in dynamics-mass, a confusion which has existed almost from the day that Newton defined it. Originally defined as a measure, i.e., a number, it became something which a body had, which could be measured. Mach considered the definition
1 -Routing Number 2 -Account Number
Chen, Yiling
1 2 1 - Routing Number 2 - Account Number EMPLOYEE SELF SERVICE: DIRECT DEPOSIT Before you begin you will need: Â· Your Harvard University Id Number (HUID) Â· Your HUID pin number Â· Your Checking/Savings Account Number Â· Your Bank Routing Number Check Example Â· Go to www.harvie.harvard.edu Â· Sign
High Precision Dynamical Masses of Very Low Mass Binaries
Konopacky, Q M; Barman, T S; Rice, E L; Bailey, J I; White, R J; McLean, I S; Duchene, G
2010-01-01
[ABRIDGED] We present the results of a 3 year monitoring program of a sample of very low mass (VLM) field binaries using both astrometric and spectroscopic data obtained in conjunction with the laser guide star adaptive optics system on the W.M. Keck II 10 m telescope. Fifteen systems have undergone sufficient orbital motion, allowing us to derive their relative orbital parameters and hence their total system mass. These measurements triple the number of masses for VLM objects. Among the 11 systems with both astrometric and spectroscopic measurements, six have sufficient radial velocity variations to allow us to obtain individual component masses. This is the first derivation of the component masses for five of these systems. Altogether, the orbital solutions of these low mass systems show a correlation between eccentricity and orbital period, consistent with their higher mass counterparts. In our primary analysis, we find that there are systematic discrepancies between our dynamical mass measurements and the...
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Pamela Gore
1998-11-28
Mass Wasting is a course handout designed to initiate discussion on the factors involved in mass wasting (eg. creep, solifluction, falls, slides, and flows) and the methods used to prevent mass wasting. Definitions are given for key terms such as angle of repose and lahars. Photographs illustrate the effects of rockslides and slumps. Links are provided to the online Physical Geology resources at Georgia Perimeter College.
Bowles, T.J.
1994-04-01
The existence of a finite neutrino mass would have important consequences in particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. Experimental sensitivities have continued to be pushed down without any confirmed evidence for a finite neutrino mass. Yet there are several observations of discrepancies between theoretical predictions and observations which might be possible indications of a finite neutrino mass. Thus, extensive theoretical and experimental work is underway to resolve these issues.
Ballistic Mass And Velocity Analyzer
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Chutjian, Ara; Smith, Steven J.; Hecht, Michael
1996-01-01
Proposed device for measuring distribution of masses and velocities of ions in plasma or ion beam of general type denoted variously as mass, velocity, and energy analyzers. Yields indications of charge-to-mass ratios and velocities; from these quantities, one computes masses and energies if one also either measures charges of ions by other means or else makes realistic assumption that each ion carries small number (usually 1) of fundamental units of electric charge. In comparison with older devices of this type, device smaller, and operates faster, yielding simultaneous indications of both charge-to-mass ratios and velocities.
Relativistic theory of tidal Love numbers
Taylor Binnington
2009-01-01
In Newtonian gravitational theory, a tidal Love number relates the mass multipole moment created by tidal forces on a spherical body to the applied tidal field. The Love number is dimensionless, and it encodes information about the body's internal structure. We present a relativistic theory of Love numbers, which applies to compact bodies with strong internal gravities; the theory extends
William D. Heacox
2005-10-10
A non-parametric statistical model is constructed to directly relate The distribution of observed microlens timescales to that of the mass Function of the population from which the lenses are drawn, corrected For observational selection based on timescales and event amplifications. Explicit distributions are derived for microlensing impact parameters and maximum amplifications; both are shown to be statistically independent of all other parameters in the problem, including lens mass. The model is used to demonstrate that the narrow range of microlens timescales observed toward the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is probably not consistent with lensing by a widely distributed spheroidal population of large velocity dispersion, as expected of a dark halo; but is consistent with lensing within a rotating thick disk. Poor numerical conditioning on the statistical connection between lens masses and event timescales, and small number statistics, severely limit the mass function information obtainable from current microlensing surveys toward the LMC.
J. Gasser; H. Leutwyler
1982-01-01
We review the current information about the eigenvalues of the quark mass matrix. The theoretical problems involved in a determination of the running masses mu, md, ms, mc and mb from experiment are discussed with the aim of getting reliable numerical values equipped with error bars that represent a conservative estimate of remaining uncertainties.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
King, Kenneth P.
2007-01-01
The inertial balance is one device that can help students to quantify the quality of inertia--a body's resistance to a change in movement--in more generally understood terms of mass. In this hands-on activity, students use the inertial balance to develop a more quantitative idea of what mass means in an inertial sense. The activity also helps…
Mass and radius formulas for low-mass neutron stars
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sotani, Hajime; Iida, Kei; Oyamatsu, Kazuhiro; Ohnishi, Akira
2014-05-01
Neutron stars, produced at the death of massive stars, are often regarded as giant neutron-rich nuclei. This picture is especially relevant for low-mass (below about solar mass, M_?) neutron stars, where non-nucleonic components are not expected to occur. Due to the saturation property of nucleonic matter, leading to the celebrated liquid-drop picture of atomic nuclei, empirical nuclear masses and radii can be approximately expressed as a function of atomic mass number. It is, however, not straightforward to express masses and radii of neutron stars even in the low-mass range where the structure is determined by a balance between the pressure of neutron-rich nucleonic matter and gravity. Such expressions would be of great use given possible simultaneous mass and radius measurements. Here we successfully construct theoretical formulas for the masses and radii of low-mass neutron stars from various models that are consistent with empirical masses and radii of stable nuclei. In this process, we discover a new equation-of-state parameter that characterizes the structure of low-mass neutron stars. This parameter, which plays a key role in connecting the mass-radius relation of the laboratory nuclei to that of the celestial objects, could be constrained from future observations of low-mass neutron stars.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Deppisch, Frank F.
2015-04-01
Neutrinoless double beta decay is the traditional tool to probe Majorana neutrino masses and lepton number violating physics in general. On the other hand, many models incorporating Majorana neutrino masses also predict new states and lepton number violating interactions at the TeV scale that can potentially be probed at the LHC. We provide a brief overview of the pertinent operators and a selection of physics models in order to highlight the interplay between neutrinoless double beta decay and LHC searches.
PIA update: Correlation analyses of mass spectra
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Mason, L. W.; Clark, B. C.
1988-01-01
The PIA instrument aboard the Giotto spacecraft (a time of flight spectrometer) has been presented elsewhere. The mass spectra used in this analysis were decoded and mass numbers assigned according to the presence of carbon and silver, using the global values for these elements in their spectral absence. The results presented here were obtained using a frequency of occurrence based on analysis which correlated how often mass numbers appear in the mass spectra and which mass numbers tend to occur together in the same spectra; no amplitude information is utilized. The data are presented as plots of mass vs coincident mass for different subsets of the PIA data set, with both axes having units of atomic mass. Frequency contours are plotted at approximately five percent contour intervals, relative to the maximum AMU occurrence in that plot. The plots presented are symmetrical about the matrix diagonal, i.e., every mass is coincident with itself in a given spectra.
Topics in Number Theory: The Number Game.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Batra, Laj, Ed.; And Others
This teacher's guide contains nine topics in number theory. Suggested questions for the teacher, short investigations, and possible exercises for the student are included. Chapter 1 is an introduction to sequences and series using geoboard activities involving triangular numbers, square numbers, rectangular numbers, and pentagonal numbers. The…
Mass Notification for Higher Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schneider, Tod
2010-01-01
Mass notification is a high priority in educational institutions. As the number of electronic communication devices has diversified, so has the complexity of designing an effective mass notification system. Picking the right system, with the right features, support services and price, can be daunting. This publication, updated quarterly due to…
Baldwin, John T.
Calculating Hanf Numbers John T. Baldwin Monsters and Universes Some Hanf Numbers Hanf Numbers Calculating Hanf Numbers John T. Baldwin July 7, 2011 #12;Calculating Hanf Numbers John T. Baldwin Monsters;Calculating Hanf Numbers John T. Baldwin Monsters and Universes Some Hanf Numbers Hanf Numbers Grothendieck
Woodward, C. J.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tanner, D. M.
1983-01-01
PHYSICAL REVIEWER C VOLUME 27, NUMBER 1 Mass of ' Ne JANUARY 1983 C. J. Woodward, * R. E. Tribble, and D. M. Tanner Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (Received 23 August 1982) The mass of ' Ne has been...1983 The American Physical Society 28 C. J. WOODWARD, R. E. TRIBBLE, AND D. M. TANNER 27 tron rf. A 0.3 mm Kapton absorber foil was insert- ed after the proportional counter in order to ensure that the He particles stopped in the Si detector...
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harris, Carolyn
1979-01-01
Reviews methods being developed for mass deacidification of books to prevent deterioration of paper. The use of diethyl zinc, liquified gas, and morpholine, and the advantages, disadvantages, and cost of each are considered. A 26-item bibliography is included. (JD)
NSDL National Science Digital Library
First, Professor Stephen Nelson at Tulane University provides a straightforward description of mass wasting and recent disasters around the world (1). Visitors can find helpful illustrations of slumps and rock slides as well as a chart depicting the different processes that occur with varying velocities and water content. The second website, provided by Pamela Gore at Georgia Perimeter College, presents the factors involved with mass wasting and mass wasting processes (2). Visitors can find excellent real-life images of creep, rock slides, and talus slopes. Next, North Dakota State University illustrates creep, earthflow, slope failure, and slumps (3). The website furnishes images of mass wasting processes and explains the physical characteristics of the landscape. Fourth, the California State University at Long Beach discusses the causes, prevention, and types of mass wasting (4). Visitors can learn about the mass wasting disasters that occurred at La Conchita, Portuguese Bend, Mount Huascaran, Cable Canyon, and Vaiont Dam. Next, Professor Pidwirny at Okanagan University College offers an online text describing hillslope stability and mass movement (5). Students can learn about soil creep through a simple animation. The sixth website, developed by Natural Resources Canada, furnishes an interactive map of landslides in Canada (6). Users can select to view historic landslides, bedrock geology, surficial geology, and more. Next, the USGS offers information on the National Landslides Hazards Program, the National Landslide Information Center, and recent landslide events (7). Users can find a tutorial on landslides, real-time monitoring active of landslides, and related research projects. Lastly, at the Oswego State University of New York visitors can test their knowledge of mass wasting processes through a short quiz (8).
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2012-12-27
In this online activity, learners use a realistic mass and spring laboratory. They hang masses from springs and adjust the spring stiffness and damping. Learners can even slow time and transport the lab to different planets! A chart shows the kinetic, potential, and thermal energy for each spring. Use this activity for a lesson on Hooke's Law and Conservation of Energy. This activity includes an online simulation, sample learning goals, a teacher's guide, and translations in over 30 languages.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2013-06-21
In the first part of this video, we derive the law of mass action from one example of a picture of molecular collisions. For this course, we use the "law of mass action" to refer to an idea that chemical reaction kinetic rates can be expressed using products of the abundances of reactants raised to exponents. Studying cooperativity and Hill functions in the second part of the video allows us to investigate a simple example of bistability in the third video segment.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
In this activity, students will examine the physical characteristics of several types of air masses (bodies of air that resemble the characteristics of the land surfaces beneath them). By analyzing maps of air temperature and of dewpoint temperature (prepared by the teacher), they will discover that air masses can be identified and defined by their temperature and moisture content. Student worksheets and links to the necessary maps are provided.
Martin White
2000-11-27
We discuss the different definitions of the mass of a halo in common use and how one may convert between them. Using N-body simulations we show that mass estimates based on spherical averages are much more tightly correlated with each other than with masses based on the number of particles in a halo. The mass functions pertaining to some different mass definitions are estimated and compared to the `universal form' of Jenkins et al. (2000). Using a different simulation pipeline and a different cosmological model we show that the mass function is well fit by the Jenkins et al. (2000) fitting function, strengthening the claim to universality made by those authors. We show that care must be taken to match the definitions of mass when using large N-body simulations to bootstrap scaling relations from smaller hydrodynamical runs to avoid observationally significant bias in the predictions for abundances of objects.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
White, M.
2001-02-01
We discuss the different definitions of the mass of a halo in common use and how one may convert between them. Using N-body simulations we show that mass estimates based on spherical averages are much more tightly correlated with each other than with masses based on the number of particles in a halo. The mass functions pertaining to some different mass definitions are estimated and compared to the ``universal form'' of Jenkins et al. (\\cite{JFWCCEY}). Using a different simulation pipeline and a different cosmological model we show that the mass function is well fit by the Jenkins et al. (\\cite{JFWCCEY}) fitting function, strengthening the claim to universality made by those authors. We show that care must be taken to match the definitions of mass when using large N-body simulations to bootstrap scaling relations from smaller hydrodynamical runs to avoid observationally significant bias in the predictions for abundances of objects.
THE MASS DISTRIBUTION OF STELLAR-MASS BLACK HOLES
Farr, Will M.; Sravan, Niharika; Kalogera, Vicky; Cantrell, Andrew; Kreidberg, Laura; Bailyn, Charles D.; Mandel, Ilya E-mail: niharika.sravan@gmail.com E-mail: andrew.cantrell@yale.edu E-mail: charles.bailyn@yale.edu
2011-11-10
We perform a Bayesian analysis of the mass distribution of stellar-mass black holes using the observed masses of 15 low-mass X-ray binary systems undergoing Roche lobe overflow and 5 high-mass, wind-fed X-ray binary systems. Using Markov Chain Monte Carlo calculations, we model the mass distribution both parametrically-as a power law, exponential, Gaussian, combination of two Gaussians, or log-normal distribution-and non-parametrically-as histograms with varying numbers of bins. We provide confidence bounds on the shape of the mass distribution in the context of each model and compare the models with each other by calculating their relative Bayesian evidence as supported by the measurements, taking into account the number of degrees of freedom of each model. The mass distribution of the low-mass systems is best fit by a power law, while the distribution of the combined sample is best fit by the exponential model. This difference indicates that the low-mass subsample is not consistent with being drawn from the distribution of the combined population. We examine the existence of a 'gap' between the most massive neutron stars and the least massive black holes by considering the value, M{sub 1%}, of the 1% quantile from each black hole mass distribution as the lower bound of black hole masses. Our analysis generates posterior distributions for M{sub 1%}; the best model (the power law) fitted to the low-mass systems has a distribution of lower bounds with M{sub 1%}>4.3 M{sub sun} with 90% confidence, while the best model (the exponential) fitted to all 20 systems has M{sub 1%}>4.5 M{sub sun} with 90% confidence. We conclude that our sample of black hole masses provides strong evidence of a gap between the maximum neutron star mass and the lower bound on black hole masses. Our results on the low-mass sample are in qualitative agreement with those of Ozel et al., although our broad model selection analysis more reliably reveals the best-fit quantitative description of the underlying mass distribution. The results on the combined sample of low- and high-mass systems are in qualitative agreement with Fryer and Kalogera, although the presence of a mass gap remains theoretically unexplained.
HIGH-PRECISION DYNAMICAL MASSES OF VERY LOW MASS BINARIES
Konopacky, Q. M.; Ghez, A. M.; McLean, I. S.; Barman, T. S.; Rice, E. L.; Bailey, J. I.; White, R. J.; Duchene, G. E-mail: ghez@astro.ucla.ed E-mail: barman@lowell.ed E-mail: white@chara.gsu.ed
2010-03-10
We present the results of a three year monitoring program of a sample of very low mass (VLM) field binaries using both astrometric and spectroscopic data obtained in conjunction with the laser guide star adaptive optics system on the W. M. Keck II 10 m telescope. Among the 24 systems studied, 15 have undergone sufficient orbital motion, allowing us to derive their relative orbital parameters and hence their total system mass. These measurements more than double the number of mass measurements for VLM objects, and include the most precise mass measurement to date (<2%). Among the 11 systems with both astrometric and spectroscopic measurements, six have sufficient radial velocity variations to allow us to obtain individual component masses. This is the first derivation of the component masses for five of these systems. Altogether, the orbital solutions of these low mass systems show a correlation between eccentricity and orbital period, consistent with their higher mass counterparts. In our primary analysis, we find that there are systematic discrepancies between our dynamical mass measurements and the predictions of theoretical evolutionary models (TUCSON and LYON) with both models either underpredicting or overpredicting the most precisely determined dynamical masses. These discrepancies are a function of spectral type, with late-M through mid-L systems tending to have their masses underpredicted, while one T-type system has its mass overpredicted. These discrepancies imply that either the temperatures predicted by evolutionary and atmosphere models are inconsistent for an object of a given mass, or the mass-radius relationship or cooling timescales predicted by the evolutionary models are incorrect. If these spectral-type trends are correct and hold into the planetary mass regime, the implication is that the masses of directly imaged extrasolar planets are overpredicted by the evolutionary models.
Instrumentation for mass spectrometry: 1997
McLuckey, S.A.
1997-08-01
All mass spectrometry experiments involve the manipulation of material, an interface with the mass spectrometer, ionization, ion manipulation/analysis, detection and data collection/reduction. Each of these elements involve instrumentation. The wide range of species now amenable to mass spectrometry and the diverse areas of physical science in which it plays a role have led to a seemingly unlimited array of instrumental combinations. However, only a limited number of mass analyzers, and their combinations, dominate. The dominant analyzers include time-of-flight, Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance, the Paul trap, the mass filter, and the sector mass spectrometer. Why there are so few (or so many, depending upon one`s point of view) can be understood upon consideration of a set of mass analyzer figures of merit. These include mass resolution, mass accuracy, mass range, dynamic range, abundance sensitivity, precision, efficiency, speed, MS{sup n} capability, compatibility with the ionizer, cost, and size. The most appropriate form of mass spectrometry is determined by the priorities of the particular measurement placed on the various mass analyzer characteristics and the relative strengths of the analyzers in meeting the requirements. Each of the analyzer types has a unique set of figures of merit that makes it optimally suited for particular applications. This paper discusses these figures of merit, provides data illustrating recent developments for each analyzer type, and gives the figures of merit of each type of analyzer as they stand in 1997. 101 refs., 24 figs.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Griffin, Sharon
2004-01-01
Educators define number sense as a set of conceptual relationships between quantities and numerical symbols. The instructional principals of teaching number sense and number worlds program are mentioned.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
This set of multimedia resources, produced for the NOVA television broadcast 'Mass Extinction', explains mass extinctions in general, and in particular the extinction event that occurred at the end of the Permian period, in which more than 90 percent of all marine species died out. An interactive feature presents some of the theories about what caused this event, and lets users vote for the one they consider most likely. There is also a video clip from the broadcast, an audio clip of an interview with a researcher who is using high-precision dating techniques to understand the time scale of the Permian extinction, and an ask-the expert feature in which a scientist from the Smithsonian Institution answers questions about the Permian and other mass extinctions. Other links access a teacher's guide, additional reading materials, and a transcript of the broadcast.
Iftikhar Ahmad; Yun-Song Piao; Cong-Feng Qiao
2008-06-04
We study the Nflation model, in which a collection of massive scalar fields drive the inflation simultaneously. We find, when the number of fields is larger than the square of ratio of the Planck scale $M_p$ to the average value $\\bar m$ of fields masses, the slow roll inflation region will disappear. This suggests that in order to make Nflation responsible for our observable universe, the number of fields driving the Nflation must be bounded by the above ratio. This result is also consistent with recent arguments from black hole physics.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2013-06-02
In this 3-minute video mathematician James Grime demonstrates a number trick that helps develop number sense and fluency with number facts. Viewers will learn how to play the trick, based on addition of 4-digit numbers, on others.
Gasser, Juerg [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland)
2005-10-26
In my talk, I reviewed some basic aspects of quark masses: what do they mean, how can they be determined, what is our present knowledge on them. The talk was addressed to non specialists in the field, and so is this write up.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Timothy Heaton
This site contains 12 questions on the topic of mass wasting, which covers mudslides, lahars, landslides and more. This is part of the Principles of Earth Science course at the University of South Dakota. Users submit their answers and are provided immediate feedback.
Mass determination for visual binaries
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cvetkovi?, Z.; Ninkovi?, S.
We consider a sample of 432 visual binaries having orbital elements and belonging to the Main Sequence. We calculate their total masses using the orbital elements and the new Hipparcos parallaxes by applying Kepler's third law. For the same pairs the total masses are also found by applying the mass-luminosity relation. The source for the apparent magnitudes is the Washington Double Star Catalog. The Keplerian total masses show a large scatter. Nevertheless, in a large number of cases the agreement between total masses obtained in these two different ways is quite satisfactory indicating that i) for many visual binaries, as a rule not too distant and with high-quality orbital elements, the Keplerian total masses can be reliable and ii) a correlation between the relative parallax error and orbit grade exists.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gurganus, Susan
2004-01-01
"Number sense" is "an intuition about numbers that is drawn from all varied meanings of number" (NCTM, 1989, p. 39). Students with number sense understand that numbers are representative of objects, magnitudes, relationships, and other attributes; that numbers can be operated on, compared, and used for communication. It is fundamental knowledge…
Complex numbers Quaternions Imaginary numbers and Quaternions Katrin Leschke University of Leicester June 29, 2010 Katrin Leschke Imaginary numbers and Quaternions #12;Complex numbers Quaternions Imaginary numbers and Quaternions #12;Complex numbers Quaternions Vectors in 2dÂspace A vector in 2d
Space Elevator Ribbon Mass and Taper Ratio
Tom Nugent
Assumptions about tensile strength and density aect the space elevator ribbon taper ratio, and therefore its mass. We examine the technical trade-os between material properties and total mass of a modern space elevator ribbon, and the economic trade-os between ribbon mass, the number of rocket launches required to loft the initial ribbon, and the time required to build the ribbon
Mass Spectrometry for the Masses
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Persinger, Jared D.; Hoops, Geoffrey, C.; Samide, Michael J.
2004-01-01
A simple, qualitative experiment is developed for implementation, where the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) plays an important role, into the laboratory curriculum of a chemistry course designed for nonscience majors. This laboratory experiment is well suited for the students as it helps them to determine the validity of their…
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Mrs. Estes
2007-11-02
Let\\'s learn about numbers! How many Fish? Count the Fish Let\\'s count! How many... Matching is fun! Match the number How well do I really know these numbers? Getting to know the numbers Counting the kids Kids on the bus We love Ants! Count the ants Flying into the univerise of numbers Rocket ...
Decaying warm dark matter and neutrino masses.
Lattanzi, M; Valle, J W F
2007-09-21
Neutrino masses may arise from spontaneous breaking of ungauged lepton number. Because of quantum gravity effects the associated Goldstone boson - the majoron - will pick up a mass. We determine the lifetime and mass required by cosmic microwave background observations so that the massive majoron provides the observed dark matter of the Universe. The majoron decaying dark matter scenario fits nicely in models where neutrino masses arise via the seesaw mechanism, and may lead to other possible cosmological implications. PMID:17930494
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2014-09-18
The study of numbers and operations is the cornerstone of the mathematics curriculum. Learning what numbers mean, how they may be represented, relationships among them, and computations with them is central to developing number sense.
Keratoacanthoma: an unusual nasal mass.
Sazafi, M S; Salina, H; Asma, A; Masir, N; Primuharsa Putra, S H A
2013-12-01
We report a case of keratoacanthoma in a non-sun-exposed nasal vestibule of an 84-year-old man. He presented with a progressively growing left nasal mass that had been present for 8 months. Examination showed a non-tender protruding mass arising from medial vestibular wall of the left nostril. Histopathology indicated it was a keratoacanthoma. In an elderly patient with a history of a progressively growing mass in the nose, a differential diagnosis of malignancy should be ruled out, and histological conformation is essential. To our knowledge, only a very small number of cases of nasal vestibular keratoacanthoma have been reported. PMID:24376301
Numbers Defy the Law of Large Numbers
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Falk, Ruma; Lann, Avital Lavie
2015-01-01
As the number of independent tosses of a fair coin grows, the rates of heads and tails tend to equality. This is misinterpreted by many students as being true also for the absolute numbers of the two outcomes, which, conversely, depart unboundedly from each other in the process. Eradicating that misconception, as by coin-tossing experiments,…
Number Sense Series: Developing Early Number Sense
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Jenni Way
The author of this one-page article discusses early number sense and how it develops. She provides research background and suggests teaching strategies that promote early number sense, including instructions for simple games using dot cards. The article includes a list of references and a link to a follow-up article, "A Sense of 'ten' and Place Value" (cataloged separately).
Number Square Puzzle: 10 Missing Numbers
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2012-07-19
This activity for the interactive white board (free access with registration) allows the learner to explore the patterns in the hundreds chart and notice the relationships between the numbers in the horizontal and vertical puzzles. Users drag and drop the individual numbers back in their correct places in the blank 10 X 10 grid.
Galaxy cosmological mass function
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lopes, Amanda R.; Iribarrem, Alvaro; Ribeiro, Marcelo B.; Stoeger, William R.
2014-12-01
Aims: This paper studies the galaxy cosmological mass function (GCMF) in a semi-empirical relativistic approach that uses observational data provided by recent galaxy redshift surveys. Methods: Starting from a previously presented relation between the mass-to-light ratio, the selection function obtained from the luminosity function (LF) data and the luminosity density, the average luminosity L, and the average galactic mass ?g were computed in terms of the redshift. ?g was also alternatively estimated by means of a method that uses the galaxy stellar mass function (GSMF). Comparison of these two forms of deriving the average galactic mass allowed us to infer a possible bias introduced by the selection criteria of the survey. We used the FORS Deep Field galaxy survey sample of 5558 galaxies in the redshift range 0.5
Tribble, Robert E.; Tanner, D. M.; Zeller, A. F.
1980-01-01
PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 22, NUMBER 1 JULY 1980 Mass of Si R. E. Tribble, D. M. Tanner, and A. F. Zeller* Cyclotron Institute and Physics Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (Received 11 January 1980) The Si( He, 'He... 1980The American Physical Society R. K. TRIBB LE, D. NI. TANNER, AND A. F. ZK L LKR 22 100- 80? Si ( He, He) Si ' 0 ( He He)'"0 ~ lab ?0 (6.59) Sl i40 (0.0) (p p) x4 lob ?30 Si( He, He) Si (f) 60? O 140 (7.77) 265l (2.78l 20? ti iil...
Bacterial Abundance Measure bacterial numbers and mass per unit volume.
Vallino, Joseph J.
27 Gt C oceans-1 E.g., Bacterial concentration is 100 cells ml-1 or 100 fg C ml-1 B U G CO2 B Time.e., swimming, shellfishing). Fecal coliform bacteria inhabit the intestinal tracks of animals. While with fecal material, either by human or other animals. Although it would be better to assay for pathogens
The Neutron Star Mass Distribution
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kiziltan, Bülent; Kottas, Athanasios; De Yoreo, Maria; Thorsett, Stephen E.
2013-11-01
In recent years, the number of pulsars with secure mass measurements has increased to a level that allows us to probe the underlying neutron star (NS) mass distribution in detail. We critically review the radio pulsar mass measurements. For the first time, we are able to analyze a sizable population of NSs with a flexible modeling approach that can effectively accommodate a skewed underlying distribution and asymmetric measurement errors. We find that NSs that have evolved through different evolutionary paths reflect distinctive signatures through dissimilar distribution peak and mass cutoff values. NSs in double NS and NS-white dwarf (WD) systems show consistent respective peaks at 1.33 M ? and 1.55 M ?, suggesting significant mass accretion (?m ? 0.22 M ?) has occurred during the spin-up phase. The width of the mass distribution implied by double NS systems is indicative of a tight initial mass function while the inferred mass range is significantly wider for NSs that have gone through recycling. We find a mass cutoff at ~2.1 M ? for NSs with WD companions, which establishes a firm lower bound for the maximum NS mass. This rules out the majority of strange quark and soft equation of state models as viable configurations for NS matter. The lack of truncation close to the maximum mass cutoff along with the skewed nature of the inferred mass distribution both enforce the suggestion that the 2.1 M ? limit is set by evolutionary constraints rather than nuclear physics or general relativity, and the existence of rare supermassive NSs is possible.
Pierce, Aaron; Murayama, Hitoshi
2003-10-28
Recent data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) place important bounds on the neutrino sector. The precise determination of the baryon number in the universe puts a strong constraint on the number of relativistic species during Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis. WMAP data, when combined with the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS), also directly constrain the absolute mass scale of neutrinos. These results impinge upon a neutrino oscillation interpretation of the result from the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector (LSND).We also note that the Heidelberg-Moscow evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay is only consistent with the WMAP+2dFGRS data for the largest values of the nuclear matrix element.
The Mass to Light ratio and the Initial Mass Function in galactic discs
L. Portinari; J. Sommer-Larsen; R. Tantalo
2002-10-17
A low mass-to-light ratio for the baryonic component of spiral galaxies is advocated by a number of dynamical studies and by cosmological simulations of galaxy formation. We discuss the possibility of obtaining low mass-to-light ratios for the stellar component in discs, by changing the Initial Mass Function and the Star Formation History.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shi, Yixun
2010-01-01
Starting with an interesting number game sometimes used by school teachers to demonstrate the factorization of integers, "sum-difference numbers" are defined. A positive integer n is a "sum-difference number" if there exist positive integers "x, y, w, z" such that n = xy = wz and x ? y = w + z. This paper characterizes all sum-difference numbers…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wilkie, James E. B.; Bodenhausen, Galen V.
2012-01-01
We examined the possibility that nonsocial, highly generic concepts are gendered. Specifically, we investigated the gender connotations of Arabic numerals. Across several experiments, we show that the number 1 and other odd numbers are associated with masculinity, whereas the number 2 and other even numbers are associated with femininity, in ways…
James E. B. Wilkie; Galen V. Bodenhausen
2012-01-01
We examined the possibility that nonsocial, highly generic concepts are gendered. Specifically, we investigated the gender connotations of Arabic numerals. Across several experiments, we show that the number 1 and other odd numbers are associated with masculinity, whereas the number 2 and other even numbers are associated with femininity, in ways that influence judgments of stimuli arbitrarily paired with numerical
DIDIER DUBOIS; HENRI PRADE
1978-01-01
A fuzzy number is a fuzzy subset of the real line whose highest membership values are clustered around a given real number called the mean value ; the membership function is monotonia on both sides of this mean value. In this paper, the usual algebraic operations on real numbers are extended to fuzzy numbers by the use of a fuzzification
Spooky Sequences- Square Numbers
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Mark Cogan
2002-01-01
This interactive Flash game helps students recognize and generate the sequence of square numbers, and also to discover the pattern of differences between them. The applet displays a sequence of six consecutive square numbers with one number missing. The player provides the missing number to "send the ghosts back to the haunted house." Each game consists of five sequences to complete.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mack, Nancy K.
2011-01-01
Exploring number systems of other cultures can be an enjoyable learning experience that enriches students' knowledge of numbers and number systems in important ways. It helps students deepen mental computation fluency, knowledge of place value, and equivalent representations for numbers. This article describes how the author designed her…
Prime Numbers Riemann Hypothesis
Stein, William
Prime Numbers and the Riemann Hypothesis Barry Mazur William Stein 1 #12;Contents Preface 5 I The Riemann Hypothesis 11 1 Thoughts about numbers 12 2 What are prime numbers? 15 3 "Named" prime numbers 20 is Riemann's Hypothesis? 49 14 The mystery moves to the error term 51 15 Ces`aro smoothing 52 16 A view
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Dan Bunker
2010-01-01
This Flash applet is an interactive version of the classic game that develops number sense and strategic thinking. The computer generates a random secret number. The user makes guesses, taking advantage of the higher or lower clues provided, until the number is discovered. The goal is to find the secret number with as few attempts as possible. Three levels allow the user to adjust the range of possible numbers: up to 100, 500, or 1000.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Blanco-Pillado, Jose J.; Olum, Ken D.; Shlaer, Benjamin
2014-01-01
Using recent simulation results, we provide the mass and speed spectrum of cosmic string loops. This is the quantity of primary interest for many phenomenological signatures of cosmic strings, and it can be accurately predicted using recently acquired detailed knowledge of the loop production function. We emphasize that gravitational smoothing of long strings plays a negligible role in determining the total number of existing loops. We derive a bound on the string tension imposed by recent constraints on the stochastic gravitational wave background from pulsar timing arrays, finding G? ?2.8×10-9. We also provide a derivation of the Boltzmann equation for cosmic string loops in the language of differential forms.
EAGE Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2011 Vienna, Austria, 23-26 May 2011
Brückl, Ewald
. Freudenthaler (Pöyry Infra GmbH) SUMMARY The refurbishment of the Kaunertal hydroelectric power station, planned the refurbishment and extension of the hydroelectric power plant Kaunertal. Therefore several possible positional
50 CFR 23.26 - When is a U.S. or foreign CITES document valid?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
...Management Authority and Scientific Authority The CITES document...Management Authority and Scientific Authority and has provided...foreign wildlife or plant laws, or any applicable Management or Scientific Authority finding has...
50 CFR 23.26 - When is a U.S. or foreign CITES document valid?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
...CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES...would not allow trade in CITES species. (3) CITES document U...that would not allow trade in the species. (6) Extension of...
50 CFR 23.26 - When is a U.S. or foreign CITES document valid?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
...CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES...would not allow trade in CITES species. (3) CITES document U...that would not allow trade in the species. (6) Extension of...
50 CFR 23.26 - When is a U.S. or foreign CITES document valid?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
...CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES...would not allow trade in CITES species. (3) CITES document U...that would not allow trade in the species. (6) Extension of...
European Symp. on Computer Application in the Chemical Industry, Erlangen, 23-26 April, 1989
Skogestad, Sigurd
consumption Low throughput Low product yield since product is too pure Cannot tolerate changes eg. due to feed ; D; B in order to keep the 5 outputs levels in top and bottom, pressure, top and bottom compositions which also takes into account variations in pressure and holdup. 1. Introduction People not working
European Symp. on Computer Application in the Chemical Industry, Erlangen, 23 26 April, 1989
Skogestad, Sigurd
consumption ffl Low throughput ffl Low product yield since product is too pure ffl Cannot tolerate changes (eg and bottom, pressure, top and bottom compositions) as close as possible to their desired values. However into account variations in pressure and holdup. 1. Introduction People not working in the distillation control
Agenda13Oct06.doc 23:26, 10/10/2006 Suss-Ex Club
Sussex, University of
or 15, and that some musical entertainment as well as (optional!) communal carols be organised upstairs) Valerie Cromwell Mike English Jackie Fuller (JF) Christine Glasson Charles Goldie (CMG) Willie Lamont Mike
AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference, AIAA-2008-4214 23-26 June 2008, Seattle, WA
Gordeyev, Stanislav
. The optically-aberrating effects of high-speed, turbulent boundary layers have been the subject of research as it traveled through the compressible boundary layer on the sides of high-speed wind tunnels as a way Boundary Layer at Different Elevation Angles Jacob A. Cress* , Stanislav Gordeyev University of Notre Dame
IBC's Drug Discovery Technology - Europe 2001. 23-26 April 2001, Stuttgart, Germany.
Kubinyi, H
2001-07-01
Specific sectors within the pharmaceutical industry are rapidly changing in response to technological advances. Genomics, high-throughput automated chemistry, high-throughput screening (HTS), ADME/Tox screening and informatics, provide new opportunities, but also create new bottlenecks. In addition, the selection and validation of biological targets, the proper design of compound libraries, data and knowledge management, and as the last and crucial step, the proof of therapeutic relevance by clinical trials, generates an enormous financial load on biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. In the future, drug development costs might be reduced due to an ongoing pressure for shorter development cycles of new drugs. IBC's Drug Discovery Technology Europe 2001 conference addressed many aspects relevant to drug discovery technologies, and, along with its US partner conference, provides an annual meeting place for researchers and company executives to interact and exchange ideas. PMID:15995933
SME Annual Meeting Feb. 23 -26, 2014, Salt Lake City, UT
definition would be moving less than 3000 CFM of air. 3. Stated conditions These include environmental, Reliability Information Analysis Center, Utica, NY S. Schafrik, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA ABSTRACT Every, component and system. The statement of the intended function should state or imply a failure definition
50 CFR 23.26 - When is a U.S. or foreign CITES document valid?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-10-01
...Humane transport Live wildlife or plants were transported...for shipment of live wild animals and plants or, in the case of air transport of wildlife, the International Air Transport Association Live Animals Regulations . (See §...
EAGE Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2011 Vienna, Austria, 23-26 May 2011
Cerveny, Vlastislav
wave in the unperturbed medium, but there is a direct as well as a reflected wave in the perturbed into the amplitudes ai, Aij and the phase terms exp(i), exp(iT) ui = ai exp(i), Gi j = Ai j exp(iT), where,(x,,0) = 2 exp[i( +T)][,Ajiaj +,AjiPjak pk + Âµ,AmiPj(am pj +aj pm)]d3 x , where pi or Pi denotes
16 CFR 23.26 - Misuse of the words “flawless,” “perfect,” etc.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
...flawless” as a quality description of any gemstone that discloses blemishes, inclusions...illumination, by a person skilled in gemstone grading. (b) It is unfair or deceptive...representation of similar meaning to describe any gemstone unless the gemstone meets the...
16 CFR 23.26 - Misuse of the words “flawless,” “perfect,” etc.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
...flawless” as a quality description of any gemstone that discloses blemishes, inclusions...illumination, by a person skilled in gemstone grading. (b) It is unfair or deceptive...representation of similar meaning to describe any gemstone unless the gemstone meets the...
16 CFR 23.26 - Misuse of the words “flawless,” “perfect,” etc.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
...flawless” as a quality description of any gemstone that discloses blemishes, inclusions...illumination, by a person skilled in gemstone grading. (b) It is unfair or deceptive...representation of similar meaning to describe any gemstone unless the gemstone meets the...
16 CFR 23.26 - Misuse of the words “flawless,” “perfect,” etc.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
...flawless” as a quality description of any gemstone that discloses blemishes, inclusions...illumination, by a person skilled in gemstone grading. (b) It is unfair or deceptive...representation of similar meaning to describe any gemstone unless the gemstone meets the...
Prcceedingsof the Second Joint EMBSEIMESConference Houston,TX. USA* October 23-26,2002
with traditional biometrics and baggage screen aids. 2. The DD system should have sufficient sensitivity Facial Screening for Deception Detection Ioannis Pavlidis'and James Levine' `Honeywell Laboratories years. The conclusion from our effort is that facial thermal screening is a very promising method for DD
Relations Between Central Black Hole Mass and Total Galaxy Stellar Mass in the Local Universe
Reines, Amy E
2015-01-01
Scaling relations between central black hole (BH) mass and host galaxy properties are of fundamental importance to studies of BH and galaxy evolution throughout cosmic time. Here we investigate the relationship between BH mass and host galaxy total stellar mass using a sample of 262 broad-line active galactic nuclei (AGN) in the nearby Universe (z galaxies with dynamical BH masses. The vast majority of our AGN sample is constructed using Sloan Digital Sky Survey spectroscopy and searching for Seyfert-like narrow-line ratios and broad H-alpha emission. BH masses are estimated using standard virial techniques. We also include a small number of dwarf galaxies with total stellar masses M_stellar mapped AGNs. Total stellar masses of all 343 galaxies are calculated in the most consistent manner feasible using color-dependent mass-to-light ratios. We find a clear correlation between BH mass and total stellar mass for the AGN host galax...
THE MASS DISTRIBUTION OF SUBGIANT PLANET HOSTS
Lloyd, James P.
2013-09-01
High mass stars are hostile to Doppler measurements due to rotation and activity on the main-sequence, so RV searches for planets around massive stars have relied on evolved stars. A large number of planets have been found around evolved stars with M > 1.5 M{sub Sun }. To test the robustness of mass determinations, Lloyd compared mass distributions of planet hosting subgiants with distributions from integrating isochrones and concluded that it is unlikely the subgiant planet hosts are this massive, but rather that the mass inferences are systematically in error. The conclusions of Lloyd have been called in to question by Johnson et al., who show TRILEGAL-based mass distributions that disagree with the mass distributions in Lloyd, which they attribute to Malmquist bias. Johnson et al. argue that the very small spectroscopic observational uncertainties favor high masses, and there are a large number of high mass sub giants in RV surveys. However, in this Letter, it is shown that Malmquist bias does not impact the mass distributions, but the mass distribution is sensitive to Galaxy model. The relationship needed to reconcile the subgiant planet host masses with any model of the Galactic stellar population is implausible, and the conclusion of Lloyd that spectroscopic mass determinations of subgiants are likely to have been overestimated is robust.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Freeman, Richard; Agnew, Steve; Anderegg, Francois; Cluggish, Brian; Gilleland, John; Isler, Ralph; Litvak, Andrei; Miller, Robert; O'Neill, Ray; Ohkawa, Tihiro; Pronko, Steve; Putvinski, Sergei; Sevier, Leigh; Sibley, Andy; Umstadter, Karl; Wade, Terry; Winslow, David
2003-12-01
The Archimedes' Plasma Mass Filter is a novel plasma-based mass separation device. The basic physics of the Filter concept and a description of its primary application for nuclear waste separation at Hanford will be presented along with initial experimental results from a Demo device. The Demo is a 3.89 m long cylindrical device with a plasma radius of 0.4 m and an axial magnetic field up to 1600 Gauss. The plasma is produced by helicon waves launched by two four-strap antennas placed symmetrically either side of a central source region. One strap of each antenna is powered by one of four phase controlled 1 MW transmitters operating in the frequency range from 3.9 - 26 MHz. Each end of the device has ten concentric ring electrodes used to apply an electric field to rotate the plasma. Application of a parabolic voltage profile results in a rigid body rotation. Heavy ions above the cut-off mass number are extracted radially and collected by a heavy ion collector surrounding the source injection region while light ions are collected at the ends of the cylinder. Initial experiments will use noble gas and trace metals to demonstrate separation before attempting to operate with complex waste characteristic of Hanford.
The elephant brain in numbers.
Herculano-Houzel, Suzana; Avelino-de-Souza, Kamilla; Neves, Kleber; Porfírio, Jairo; Messeder, Débora; Mattos Feijó, Larissa; Maldonado, José; Manger, Paul R
2014-01-01
What explains the superior cognitive abilities of the human brain compared to other, larger brains? Here we investigate the possibility that the human brain has a larger number of neurons than even larger brains by determining the cellular composition of the brain of the African elephant. We find that the African elephant brain, which is about three times larger than the human brain, contains 257 billion (10(9)) neurons, three times more than the average human brain; however, 97.5% of the neurons in the elephant brain (251 billion) are found in the cerebellum. This makes the elephant an outlier in regard to the number of cerebellar neurons compared to other mammals, which might be related to sensorimotor specializations. In contrast, the elephant cerebral cortex, which has twice the mass of the human cerebral cortex, holds only 5.6 billion neurons, about one third of the number of neurons found in the human cerebral cortex. This finding supports the hypothesis that the larger absolute number of neurons in the human cerebral cortex (but not in the whole brain) is correlated with the superior cognitive abilities of humans compared to elephants and other large-brained mammals. PMID:24971054
NSDL National Science Digital Library
TERC
2010-01-01
In this activity, learners will ask yes-no questions to identify a secret number (similar to Twenty Questions). Combine logic and numbers in this game for all ages. One person chooses a secret number and announces the range in which it falls, for instance: “I’m thinking of a number between 1 and 50.” Other players ask yes or no questions to identify the number. The player who identifies the secret number wins. This game is easy to adapt to different ages: young children can ask and reason about “more than” and “less than” (Is it less than 7? Is there a 1 in the 10’s place)? and older ones can ask about multiples, factors, or number relationships (Is it a multiple of 3? Is it a square number?). Available as a web page and downloadable pdf.
Harbour, Daniel, 1975-
2003-01-01
The dissertation argues for the necessity of a morphosemantic theory of number, that is, a theory of number serviceable both to semantics and morphology. The basis for this position, and the empirical core of the dissertation, ...
Direct neutrino mass measurements after PLANCK
Formaggio, Joseph A.
The absolute mass scale of neutrinos remains an open question subject to experimental investigation from both particle physics and cosmology. Over the next decade, a number of experiments from both disciplines will attempt ...
The Problem of Mass and Mass Generation
Harald Fritzsch
1996-05-14
The mass problem in particle physics for other fields is discussed. While the problem of the nuclear masses has been resolved within the QCD framework, 3 parameters of the ``Standard Model'' are related to the fermion sector. The origin of the ferion masses remains unresolved. We discuss attempts to explain the observed hierarchical features of the mass spectrum by a symmetry. relating the mass eigenvalues to the flavor mixing angles.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Give input to the Whole Number Cruncher and try to guess what it did from the output it generates. This activity only generates multiplication and addition functions to avoid outputting any negative numbers. Whole Number Cruncher is one of the Interactivate assessment explorers.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
David Joiner
The process of creating numbers that simulate randomness on a computer is known as pseudorandom number generation. The "pseudo" in pseudo random refers to the fact that if you use a rule to generate a number, it is by definition not random, though it may appear so, and be close enough to random for all practical purposes.
Number Relationships in Preschool
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jung, Myoungwhon
2011-01-01
When a child understands number relationships, he or she comprehends the meaning of numbers by developing multiple, flexible ways of representing them. The importance of developing number relationships in the early years has been highlighted because it helps children build a good foundation for developing a more sophisticated understanding of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
de Mestre, Neville
2008-01-01
Prime numbers are important as the building blocks for the set of all natural numbers, because prime factorisation is an important and useful property of all natural numbers. Students can discover them by using the method known as the Sieve of Eratosthenes, named after the Greek geographer and astronomer who lived from c. 276-194 BC. Eratosthenes…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Landy, David; Silbert, Noah; Goldin, Aleah
2013-01-01
Despite their importance in public discourse, numbers in the range of 1 million to 1 trillion are notoriously difficult to understand. We examine magnitude estimation by adult Americans when placing large numbers on a number line and when qualitatively evaluating descriptions of imaginary geopolitical scenarios. Prior theoretical conceptions…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Allen, G. Donald
2014-01-01
In human history, the origin of the numbers came from definite practical needs. Indeed, there is strong evidence that numbers were created before writing. The number "1", dating back at least 20,000 years, was found as a counting symbol on a bone. The famous statement by the German mathematician Leopold Kronecker (1823-1891), "God…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hanford, Terry; White, Kathleen
1991-01-01
Although numbers such as average test scores or dropout rates can capture part of a school system's success or failure, school statistics seldom tell the whole story. School board members should realize that numbers might measure compliance or process, rather than improvement. Also, improvements in numbers might reflect changes in assessment…
Magnetic activity in low mass stars
Hawley, S.L.
1992-12-28
The manifestations of magnetic activity in low mass stars, particularly M dwarfs, can be used as a tool to study their evolution, the operation of the interior dynamo with changing interior conditions, and the structure of their outer atmospheres. Extensive background material on the current understanding of low mass stellar activity is presented. Two new surveys are described which will greatly increase the number of active low mass stars known in the field and in nearby open clusters. These surveys will define the characteristics of the activity on low mass stars, and how the activity changes with a number of parameters of interest, including mass, effective temperature, and age. The data will also allow a rigorous determination of a possible age-activity relation among the low mass M dwarfs. Theoretical models of M dwarf atmospheres, and their connection to the understanding of the observations, are also discussed.
Magnetic activity in low-mass stars
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Hawley, Suzanne L.
1993-01-01
The manifestations of magnetic activity in low-mass stars, particularly M dwarfs, can be used as a tool to study their evolution, the operation of the interior dynamo with changing interior conditions, and the structure of their outer atmospheres. Extensive background material on the current understanding of low-mass stellar activity is presented. Two new surveys are described which will greatly increase the number of active low-mass stars known in the field and in nearby open clusters. These surveys will define the characteristics of the activity in low-mass stars, and how the activity changes with a number of parameters of interest, including mass, effective temperature, and age. The data will also allow a rigorous determination of a possible age-activity relation among the low-mass M dwarfs. Theoretical models of M dwarf atmospheres, and their connection to the understanding of the observations, are also discussed.
Number Sense Made Simple Using Number Patterns
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Su, Hui Fang Huang; Marinas, Carol; Furner, Joseph
2011-01-01
This article highlights investigating intriguing number patterns utilising an emerging technology called the Square Tool. Mathematics teachers of grades K-12 will find the Square Tool useful in making connections and bridging the gap from the concrete to the abstract. Pattern recognition helps students discover various mathematical concepts. With…
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Pd-112 (Palladium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume A `Nuclei with Z = 1 - 54' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms'. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Pd-112 (Palladium, atomic number Z = 46, mass number A = 112).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Sr-71 (Strontium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume A `Nuclei with Z = 1 - 54' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms'. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Sr-71 (Strontium, atomic number Z = 38, mass number A = 71).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for I-129 (Iodine)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume A `Nuclei with Z = 1 - 54' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms'. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope I-129 (Iodine, atomic number Z = 53, mass number A = 129).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for C-14 (Carbon)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume A `Nuclei with Z = 1 - 54' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms'. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope C-14 (Carbon, atomic number Z = 6, mass number A = 14).
LOCAL FUNDS TRAVEL VOUCHER Vendor Identification Number (VID) Voucher Number
Lightsey, Glenn
LOCAL FUNDS TRAVEL VOUCHER Vendor Identification Number (VID) Voucher Number DOCUMENT ID: Payee _____________ Lodging Transportation Account Number(s) Amount Other Total: Disposition of Duties TRAVEL APPROVED BY
Landy, David; Silbert, Noah; Goldin, Aleah
2013-07-01
Despite their importance in public discourse, numbers in the range of 1 million to 1 trillion are notoriously difficult to understand. We examine magnitude estimation by adult Americans when placing large numbers on a number line and when qualitatively evaluating descriptions of imaginary geopolitical scenarios. Prior theoretical conceptions predict a log-to-linear shift: People will either place numbers linearly or will place numbers according to a compressive logarithmic or power-shaped function (Barth & Paladino, ; Siegler & Opfer, ). While about half of people did estimate numbers linearly over this range, nearly all the remaining participants placed 1 million approximately halfway between 1 thousand and 1 billion, but placed numbers linearly across each half, as though they believed that the number words "thousand, million, billion, trillion" constitute a uniformly spaced count list. Participants in this group also tended to be optimistic in evaluations of largely ineffective political strategies, relative to linear number-line placers. The results indicate that the surface structure of number words can heavily influence processes for dealing with numbers in this range, and it can amplify the possibility that analogous surface regularities are partially responsible for parallel phenomena in children. In addition, these results have direct implications for lawmakers and scientists hoping to communicate effectively with the public. PMID:23819823
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2006-01-01
This interactive Flash applet helps students explore place value and develop number sense within whole numbers, integers and decimals. It allows a child or teacher to select an interval in the given number line and show that interval divided into ten equal parts but on a larger scale, which can then be repeated. Users may choose the size of the interval between markers on the first number line and the starting number of that line, as well as whether to hide or show individual number lines and the numbers on them. This applet lends itself well for use on an interactive white board. A pdf guide to this collection of teaching applets is cataloged separately.
Energy or Mass and Interaction
Gustavo R Gonzalez-Martin
2010-07-19
A review. Problems: 1-Many empirical parameters and large dimension number; 2-Gravitation and Electrodynamics are challenged by dark matter and energy. Energy and nonlinear electrodynamics are fundamental in a unified nonlinear interaction. Nuclear energy appears as nonlinear SU(2) magnetic energy. Gravitation and electromagnetism are unified giving Einstein's equation and a geometric energy momentum tensor. A solution energy in the newtonian limit gives the gravitational constant G. Outside of this limit G is variable. May be interpreted as dark matter or energy. In vacuum, known gravitational solutions are obtained. Electromagnetism is an SU(2) subgroup. A U(1) limit gives Maxwell's equations. Geometric fields determine a generalized Dirac equation and are the germ of quantum physics. Planck's h and of Einstein's c are given by the potential and the metric. Excitations have quanta of charge, flux and spin determining the FQHE. There are only three stable 1/2 spin fermions. Mass is a form of energy. The rest energies of the fermions give the proton/electron mass ratio. Potential excitations have energies equal to the weak boson masses allowing a geometric interpretation of Weinberg's angle. SU(2) gives the anomalous magnetic moments of proton, electron, neutron and generates nuclear range attractive potentials strong enough to produce the binding energies of the deuteron and other nuclides. Lepton and meson masses are due to topological excitations. The geometric mass spectrum is satisfactory. The proton has a triple structure. The alpha constant is a geometric number.
Optimal number of terms in QED series
Eugene B. Kolomeisky
2013-09-26
In 1952 Dyson put forward a simple and powerful argument indicating that the perturbative expansions of QED are asymptotic. His argument can be related to Chandrasekhar's limit on the mass of a star for stability against gravitational collapse. Combining these two arguments we estimate the optimal number of terms of the QED series to be 3.1(137)^{3/2}=5000.
Mass definition, mass measurement and recommendations
Braudaway, D.W.
1990-09-01
Mass measurements may be greatly enhanced by an understanding of the operation of balances, the effects of buoyancy, practices encountered in weighing and the impacts and meanings of revelant mass standards. Beginning with the basic forces acting on weights, the equations brought to equality in balances are developed. These give explanation of the weighing process and an appreciation for some balance characteristics. The requirements of relevant mass standards are also reviewed. Recommendations are made for operation of practical mass calibration. An appendix is attached which gives computation examples using apparent mass'' and also gives a method for determining the density of mass artifacts or unknown materials. 2 tabs.
Quark number fluctuations at high temperatures
Peter Petreczky; Prasad Hegde; Alexander Velytsky
2009-11-01
We calculate the second, fourth and sixth order quark number fluctuations in the deconfined phase of 2+1 flavor QCD using lattices with temporal extent Nt=4, 6, 8 and 12. We consider light, strange and charm quarks. We use p4 action for valence quarks and gauge configurations generated with p4 action with physical value of the strange quark mass and light quark mass mq=0.1ms generated by the RBC-Bielefeld collaboration. We observe that for all quark masses the quark number fluctuations rapidly get close to the corresponding ideal gas limits. We compare our results to predictions of a quasi-particle model and resummed high temperature perturbative calculations. We also investigate correlations among different flavor channels.
Shanahan, P E; Thomas, A W; Young, R D
2011-08-26
Recent lattice QCD calculations have reported evidence for the existence of a bound state with strangeness -2 and baryon number 2 at quark masses somewhat higher than the physical values. By developing a description of the dependence of this binding energy on the up, down and strange quark masses that allows a controlled chiral extrapolation, we explore the hypothesis that this state is to be identified with the H dibaryon. Taking as input the recent results of the HAL and NPLQCD Collaborations, we show that the H dibaryon is likely to be unbound by 13±14??MeV at the physical point. PMID:21929231
Generating mass without Higgs fields
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Huang, Kerson
1981-05-01
In the Weinberg-Salam model, as in the various grand unification, models, Higgs fields were introduced to endow particles with mass in a gauge-invariant way. These Higgs fields seem to be undesirable features of the theory, for they bring with them a large number of arbitrary parameters. Most likely, they are phenomenological order parameters not unlike the Ginsberg-Landau order parameter in superconductivity. I shall describe some work done, in collaboration with my graduate student Roberto Mendel that attempts to generate masses spontaneously, without Higgs fields. (AIP)
Shanahan, P. E.; Thomas, A. W.; Young, R. D. [CSSM and CoEPP, School of Chemistry and Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005 (Australia)
2011-08-26
Recent lattice QCD calculations have reported evidence for the existence of a bound state with strangeness -2 and baryon number 2 at quark masses somewhat higher than the physical values. By developing a description of the dependence of this binding energy on the up, down and strange quark masses that allows a controlled chiral extrapolation, we explore the hypothesis that this state is to be identified with the H dibaryon. Taking as input the recent results of the HAL and NPLQCD Collaborations, we show that the H dibaryon is likely to be unbound by 13{+-}14 MeV at the physical point.
Curvature and Tachibana numbers
Stepanov, Sergey E
2011-07-31
The aim of this paper is to define the rth Tachibana number t{sub r} of an n-dimensional compact oriented Riemannian manifold as the dimension of the space of conformally Killing r-forms, for r=1,2,...,n-1. We also describe properties of these numbers, by analogy with properties of the Betti numbers b{sub r} of a compact oriented Riemannian manifold. Bibliography: 25 titles.
Cocos, Mihail
2011-01-01
In this paper we present a mathematical way of defining musical modes, we derive a formula for the total number of modes and define the musicality of a mode as the total number of harmonic chords whithin the mode. We also give an algorithm for the construction of a duet of melodic lines given a sequence of numbers and a mode. We attach the .mus files of the counterpoints obtained by using the sequence of primes and several musical modes.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2011-01-01
This interactive game gives students practice in counting and ordering numbers. Users try to determine the magician's secret number in as few tries as possible by adjusting their successive guesses according to feedback (too high or too low). Solvers can choose from three ranges of numbers (1 to 10, 1 to 100, or -1000 to 1000) and choose whether or not to view previous guesses.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
This problem provides an opportunity to introduce a visual way of representing operations on unknown numbers to help lead students to using a symbolic representation. Learners are asked to think of a number and then through an interactivity are given a sequence of operational instructions to follow which leads all students to the same final number. The Teachers' Notes page offers suggestions for implementation, key discussion questions, ideas for extension and support.
Multispecies weighted Hurwitz numbers
Harnad, J
2015-01-01
The construction of hypergeometric 2D Toda $\\tau$-functions as generating functions for weighted Hurwitz numbers is extended to multispecies families. Both the enumerative geometrical significance of multispecies weighted Hurwitz numbers as weighted enumerations of branched coverings of the Riemann sphere and their combinatorial significance in terms of weighted paths in the Cayley graph of $S_n$ are derived. The particular case of multispecies quantum weighted Hurwitz numbers is studied in detail.
>>> How Computers Represent Numbers
Riser, Stephen C.
= 2, R = 1 2 / 2 = 1, R = 0 1 / 2 = 0, R = 1 1011 #12;Binary Numbers in Python >>> 0b1011 11 >>> bin 1111 0011 } } } } 16 bits in binary D9F3 same bits in hex #12;Hex Numbers in Python hex() - represents number · 232 = 4.29 x 109, i.e. can address at most 4.29 GB RAM · Programming languages store and process
7 CFR 29.9205 - Identification number (farm serial number).
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
...2013-01-01 false Identification number (farm serial number). 29.9205 Section 29.9205 Agriculture...Definitions § 29.9205 Identification number (farm serial number). The serial number assigned to an individual farm by the...
7 CFR 29.9205 - Identification number (farm serial number).
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
...2014-01-01 false Identification number (farm serial number). 29.9205 Section 29.9205 Agriculture...Definitions § 29.9205 Identification number (farm serial number). The serial number assigned to an individual farm by the...
7 CFR 29.9205 - Identification number (farm serial number).
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
...2012-01-01 false Identification number (farm serial number). 29.9205 Section 29.9205 Agriculture...Definitions § 29.9205 Identification number (farm serial number). The serial number assigned to an individual farm by the...
An Entrance Region Mass Transfer Experiment.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Youngquist, G. R.
1979-01-01
This paper describes an experiment designed to reveal the consequences of the development of a concentration boundary layer. The rate of a mass transfer limited electrochemical reaction is measured and used to obtain the dependence of average Sherwood number on Reynolds number and entrance length. (Author/BB)
Alienation, Mass Society and Mass Culture.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dam, Hari N.
This monograph examines the nature of alienation in mass society and mass culture. Conceptually based on the "Gemeinschaft-Gesellschaft" paradigm of sociologist Ferdinand Tonnies, discussion traces the concept of alienation as it appears in the philosophies of Hegel, Marx, Kierkegaard, Sartre, and others. Dwight Macdonald's "A Theory of Mass…
Higgs-Thomson-Fibonacci generation of lepton and quark masses
Rosen, G. [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
1996-02-01
Lepton-quark mass may derive from the primary Higgs-mechanism fermion mass by a fundamental law for fermion mass modification, without extension of the minimal standard model. Accurate mass values are obtained for all charged leptons and quarks if the fundamental law for fermion mass modification is given by m = m{sub e}Q{sup 2}(exp {lambda}{sub n}), where m{sub e} is the Higgs-generated electron mass, Q is the charge number of the lepton or quark and {lambda}{sub n}, a linearly additive parameter that depends on the fermion principal quantum number n, is simply related to the small Fibonacci numbers. The three neutrino masses are zero, and the top mass is close to m{sub t} = 163.6 GeV.
TRACING GALAXIES THROUGH COSMIC TIME WITH NUMBER DENSITY SELECTION
Leja, Joel; Van Dokkum, Pieter [Astronomy Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States)] [Astronomy Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Franx, Marijn [Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden University, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)] [Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden University, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)
2013-03-20
A central challenge in observational studies of galaxy formation is how to associate progenitor galaxies with their descendants at lower redshifts. One promising approach is to link galaxies at fixed number density rather than fixed luminosity or mass. This method is effective if stellar mass rank order is broadly conserved through cosmic time. In this paper, we use the Guo et al. semi-analytical model to analyze under what circumstances this assumption is valid in the context of a cosmological simulation. Specifically, we select progenitor galaxies at a constant number density and compare the stellar mass evolution of their descendants to the evolution at a constant number density. The median stellar mass of the descendants increases by a factor of four (0.6 dex) from z = 3 to z = 0. Constant number density selection reproduces this to within 40% (0.15 dex) over a wide range of number densities. We show that the discrepancy primarily results from scatter in the stellar mass growth rates and merging. After applying simple, observationally based corrections for these processes, the discrepancy is reduced to 12% (0.05 dex). We conclude that number density selection can be used to predict the median descendant mass of high-redshift progenitor galaxies. The main uncertainty in this study is that semi-analytical models do not reproduce the observed mass evolution of galaxies, which makes the quantitative aggregate effects of star formation, merging, and quenching on the rank order of galaxies somewhat uncertain.
Avogadro's Number Ferromagnetically
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Houari, Ahmed
2010-01-01
Avogadro's number, usually denoted by N[subscript A], plays a fundamental role in both physics and chemistry. It defines the extremely useful concept of the mole, which is the base unit of the amount of matter in the international system of units. The fundamental character of this number can also be illustrated by its appearance in the definitions…
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2014-09-19
In this math activity, learners play a game similar to 20 Questions, in which learners must identify a secret number drawn from a bag. Learners practice their logical thinking and questioning skills as they develop their number sense. This activity guide contains a material list, sample questions to ask, literary connections, extensions, and alignment to local and national standards.
Vieru, Andrei
2012-01-01
We define and study a transform whose iterates bring to the fore interesting relations between Pisot numbers and primes. Although the relations we describe are general, they take a particular form in the Pisot limit points. We give three elegant formulae, which permit to locate on the whole semi-line all limit points that are not integer powers of other Pisot numbers.
... Life Science > Genetics by the Numbers Inside Life Science View All Articles | Inside Life Science Home Page Genetics by the Numbers By Chelsea Toledo ... Genetics NIH's National DNA Day This Inside Life Science article also appears on LiveScience . Learn about related ...
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2008-10-10
In this quick time video segment from Cyberchase, viewers learn about extending a vertical number line below zero as they watch the CyberSquad rescue the Cyberspace Council, which is being held captive by Hacker in a tall building. This video is also featured in the lesson plan: "Introducing Negative Numbers" (cataloged separately). Teaching Tips and a transcript are included.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Visually explore counting and place value with different number bases, from base 2 to base 16, and up to the hundreds place using a clock like interface. The activity also allows you to look at the numbers on the clock in base 10 or in your other chosen base to explore the relationship between those values.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2010-01-01
This 4-minute video introduces the definition of a prime number and illustrates it through a discussion of factors and composite numbers. It makes use of the definition to explain why 1 is not a prime and ends with a question for the viewer to ponder.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Onstad, Torgeir
1991-01-01
After a brief historical account of Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci, some basic results concerning the Fibonacci numbers are developed and proved, and entertaining examples are described. Connections are made between the Fibonacci numbers and the Golden Ratio, biological nature, and other combinatorics examples. (MDH)
world can in fact start and end with real numbers. The usefulness of ... extremely controversial theory of in?nite sets and in?nite numbers. What began, at .... with many additional reasons for doubting their existence, and for remaining quite ...
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Miss Gribbin
2010-11-10
Counting numbers 1-10 Help Champ the Monkey Count the Bananas! The higher you count the harder it gets when you Count the Fish In Pirate numbers count the barrels and then press the red button to launch the cannon. Make sure you're right or your ship will sink! Help count with Counting with Elmo and Zoe! ...
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Grinstead, Charles M.
Created by Charles M. Grinstead and J. Laurie Snell of Dartmouth College, this website is part of an online statistics textbook. Topics include: (1) Law of Large Numbers for Discrete Random Variables, (2) Chebyshev Inequality, (3) Law of Averages, (4) Law of Large Numbers for Continuous Random Variables, (5) Monte Carlo Method. There are several examples and exercises that accompany the material.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gialamas, Stephanos; McCann, Miriam K.
1991-01-01
This article traces the history of zero and its dual role as a placeholder, albeit of empty space, and as a number for computational purposes. The use of one symbol for both situations is shown to be tied to the adoption, and subsequent promulgation, of our modern numbering system. (JJK)
Behmer, Spencer T.
Definitions Â· Numbered Space Â a single space marked with a number and reserved for a single permit 24/7 Â· Unnumbered Space Â a space which can be used by any customer allowed to park in that lot. High Low Average Question 4: If I buy a staff permit for an UNNUMBERED* space in a non-gated surface
J. Felsenstein
1978-01-01
A simple method of counting the number of possible evolutionary trees is presented. The trees are assumed to be rooted, with labelled tips but unlabelled root and unlabelled interior nodes. The method allows multifurcations as well as bifurcations. It makes use of a simple recurrence relation for T(n,m), the number of trees with n labelled tips and m unlabelled interior
NSDL National Science Digital Library
TERC
2010-01-01
All those numbers in the newspaper: what do they mean? Challenge learners to find out as they develop their number sense. Distribute newspaper pages to learners so that each pair gets a section with numbers at the right level of difficulty: easy—weather or sports scores; medium—clothing ads or event listings with times and dates; hard—automobile ads, monetary exchange rates. Learners try to find the smallest and largest numbers on the page (including best deal/best rate) and explain to others what they found. Variation for younger learners: look for the largest or smallest number on a walk around the building or around the block. Available as a web page and downloadable pdf.
Helleloid, Geir; Moulton, David Petrie; Wood, Philip Matchett
2008-01-01
In graph pegging, we view each vertex of a graph as a hole into which a peg can be placed, with checker-like ``pegging moves'' allowed. Motivated by well-studied questions in graph pebbling, we introduce two pegging quantities. The pegging number (respectively, the optimal pegging number) of a graph is the minimum number of pegs such that for every (respectively, some) distribution of that many pegs on the graph, any vertex can be reached by a sequence of pegging moves. We prove several basic properties of pegging and analyze the pegging number and optimal pegging number of several classes of graphs, including paths, cycles, products with complete graphs, hypercubes, and graphs of small diameter.
Simple mass matrices of neutrinos and quarks consistent with observed mixings and masses
Nishiura, Hiroyuki
2015-01-01
A simple form of mass matrices for neutrinos and quarks with small number of free parameters is proposed from a phenomenological point of view. Using these mass matrices, we succeed to reproduce all the observed values for the MNS lepton mixing and CKM quark mixing angles and the neutrino mass squared difference ratio and quark mass ratios, with an excellent greement. We also predict $\\delta_{CP}^\\ell =-94^\\circ$ for the leptonic $CP$ violating phase and $\\langle m\\rangle\\simeq 0.0073$ eV for the effective Majorana neutrino mass.
Simple mass matrices of neutrinos and quarks consistent with observed mixings and masses
Hiroyuki Nishiura; Takeshi Fukuyama
2015-10-05
A simple form of mass matrices for neutrinos and quarks with small number of free parameters is proposed from a phenomenological point of view. Using these mass matrices, we succeed to reproduce all the observed values for the MNS lepton mixing and CKM quark mixing angles and the neutrino mass squared difference ratio and quark mass ratios, with an excellent greement. We also predict $\\delta_{CP}^\\ell =-94^\\circ$ for the leptonic $CP$ violating phase and $\\langle m\\rangle\\simeq 0.0073$ eV for the effective Majorana neutrino mass.
Going chiral: overlap versus twisted mass fermions
W. Bietenholz; S. Capitani; T. Chiarappa; N. Christian; M. Hasenbusch; K. Jansen; K. -I. Nagai; M. Papinutto; L. Scorzato; S. Shcheredin; A. Shindler; C. Urbach; U. Wenger; I. Wetzorke
2004-11-02
We compare the behavior of overlap fermions, which are chirally invariant, and of Wilson twisted mass fermions at full twist in the approach to the chiral limit. Our quenched simulations reveal that with both formulations of lattice fermions pion masses of O(250 MeV) can be reached in practical applications. Our comparison is done at a fixed value of the lattice spacing a=0.123 fm. A number of quantities are measured such as hadron masses, pseudoscalar decay constants and quark masses obtained from Ward identities. We also determine the axial vector renormalization constants in the case of overlap fermions.
Metrics for comparing plasma mass filters
Fetterman, Abraham J.; Fisch, Nathaniel J.
2011-10-15
High-throughput mass separation of nuclear waste may be useful for optimal storage, disposal, or environmental remediation. The most dangerous part of nuclear waste is the fission product, which produces most of the heat and medium-term radiation. Plasmas are well-suited to separating nuclear waste because they can separate many different species in a single step. A number of plasma devices have been designed for such mass separation, but there has been no standardized comparison between these devices. We define a standard metric, the separative power per unit volume, and derive it for three different plasma mass filters: the plasma centrifuge, Ohkawa filter, and the magnetic centrifugal mass filter.
Storage and retrieval of mass spectral information
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Hohn, M. E.; Humberston, M. J.; Eglinton, G.
1977-01-01
Computer handling of mass spectra serves two main purposes: the interpretation of the occasional, problematic mass spectrum, and the identification of the large number of spectra generated in the gas-chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) analysis of complex natural and synthetic mixtures. Methods available fall into the three categories of library search, artificial intelligence, and learning machine. Optional procedures for coding, abbreviating and filtering a library of spectra minimize time and storage requirements. Newer techniques make increasing use of probability and information theory in accessing files of mass spectral information.
Accelerator mass spectrometry.
Hellborg, Ragnar; Skog, Göran
2008-01-01
In this overview the technique of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) and its use are described. AMS is a highly sensitive method of counting atoms. It is used to detect very low concentrations of natural isotopic abundances (typically in the range between 10(-12) and 10(-16)) of both radionuclides and stable nuclides. The main advantages of AMS compared to conventional radiometric methods are the use of smaller samples (mg and even sub-mg size) and shorter measuring times (less than 1 hr). The equipment used for AMS is almost exclusively based on the electrostatic tandem accelerator, although some of the newest systems are based on a slightly different principle. Dedicated accelerators as well as older "nuclear physics machines" can be found in the 80 or so AMS laboratories in existence today. The most widely used isotope studied with AMS is 14C. Besides radiocarbon dating this isotope is used in climate studies, biomedicine applications and many other fields. More than 100,000 14C samples are measured per year. Other isotopes studied include 10Be, 26Al, 36Cl, 41Ca, 59Ni, 129I, U, and Pu. Although these measurements are important, the number of samples of these other isotopes measured each year is estimated to be less than 10% of the number of 14C samples. PMID:18470926
R. I. Khrapko
2001-03-19
Does the mass of bodies depend on their velocity? Is the mass additive if separate bodies are joined together to form a composite system? Is the mass of an isolated system conserved? Different teachers of physics and specialists give different answers to these questions because there is no general agreement on the definition of mass..We shall show that the notion of the velocity-dependent relativistic mass should be given preference over that of the rest mass.
Conversion Between Different Number Systems Positional number systems
Simonson, Shai
Conversion Between Different Number Systems Positional number systems Our decimal number system is known as a positional number system, because the value of the number depends on the position of the digits. For example, the number 123 has a very different value than the number 321, although the same
Two Symmetric Properties of Mersenne Numbers and Fermat Numbers
Shi Yongjin
2013-05-09
Mersenne numbers and Fermat numbers are two hot and difficult issues in number theory. This paper constructs a special group for every positive odd number other than 1, and discovers an algorithm for determining the multiplicative order of 2 modulo q for each positive odd number q. It is worth mentioning that this paper discovers two symmetric properties of Mersenne numbers and Fermat numbers.
Parasites in algae mass culture.
Carney, Laura T; Lane, Todd W
2014-01-01
Parasites are now known to be ubiquitous across biological systems and can play an important role in modulating algal populations. However, there is a lack of extensive information on their role in artificial ecosystems such as algal production ponds and photobioreactors. Parasites have been implicated in the demise of algal blooms. Because individual mass culture systems often tend to be unialgal and a select few algal species are in wide scale application, there is an increased potential for parasites to have a devastating effect on commercial scale monoculture. As commercial algal production continues to expand with a widening variety of applications, including biofuel, food and pharmaceuticals, the parasites associated with algae will become of greater interest and potential economic impact. A number of important algal parasites have been identified in algal mass culture systems in the last few years and this number is sure to grow as the number of commercial algae ventures increases. Here, we review the research that has identified and characterized parasites infecting mass cultivated algae, the techniques being proposed and or developed to control them, and the potential impact of parasites on the future of the algal biomass industry. PMID:24936200
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2012-01-01
This activity for the interactive white board (free access with registration) allows a teacher to create an arithmetic sequence for students to watch being built as the sequence of numbers moves along a conveyor. Learners must determine the pattern being used so when the belt randomly stops, the missing number in the sequence can be dragged/ dropped into its place. The teacher sets the start number (0-19), the interval or common difference (1-10) and if the sequence will count up or down. This last option provides an opportunity to display patterns with integers.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
James Barrett
2009-01-01
This Flash applet generates number fact questions for the game of Bingo. Each of the six levels focuses on a different range of number facts (addition, subtraction, and multiplication), which are displayed one at a time in a variety of question formats. The applet is intended for use in a class/group setting with a projector or interactive whiteboard. Downloadable cards for each level are available from the menu page. At any time in a game the "number facts so far" feature will reveal all the questions presented in the current round to facilitate review or verification of a winning board.
Halo occupation numbers and galaxy bias
J. A. Peacock; R. E. Smith
2000-06-30
We propose a heuristic model that displays the main features of realistic theories for galaxy bias. We show that the low-order clustering statistics of the dark-matter distribution depend almost entirely on the locations and density profiles of dark-matter haloes. A hypothetical galaxy catalogue depends on (i) the efficiency of galaxy formation, as manifested by the halo occupation number -- the number of galaxies brighter than some sample limit contained in a halo of a given mass; (ii) the location of these galaxies within their halo. The first factor is constrained by the empirical luminosity function of groups. For the second factor, we assume that one galaxy marks the halo centre, with any remaining galaxies acting as satellites that trace the halo mass. These simple assumptions amount to a recipe for non-local bias, in which the probability of finding a galaxy is not a simple function of its local mass density. We have applied this prescription to some CDM models of current interest, and find that the predictions are close to the observed galaxy correlations for a flat $\\Omega=0.3$ model ($\\Lambda$CDM), but not for an $\\Omega=1$ model with the same power spectrum ($\\tau$CDM). This is an inevitable consequence of cluster normalization for the power spectra: cluster-scale haloes of given mass have smaller core radii for high $\\Omega$, and hence display enhanced small-scale clustering. Finally, the pairwise velocity dispersion of galaxies in the $\\Lambda$CDM model is lower than that of the mass, allowing cluster-normalized models to yield a realistic Mach number for the peculiar velocity field. This is largely due to the strong variation of galaxy-formation efficiency with halo mass that is required in this model.
Computer Corner: Growing Numbers.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shumway, Richard J.
1983-01-01
Exponential growth provides an interesting setting for exploration. A sequence of activities and questions which will help students become better acquainted with large numbers and scientific notation, as well as computer notions, is given. (MNS)
Electrician Job Number: 45112537
Heller, Barbara
Electrician Job Number: 45112537 Company Name: Amcor Rigid Plastics USA, INC Job Location: Batavia you can trust and respect. Amcor Rigid Plastics is currently seeking an Electrician for their Batavia
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Artemieva, N. A.
2015-07-01
Smart impact hydrocodes running on modern powerful computers produce billions and billions of numbers in the blink of an eye. To sort them out and to generate new knowledge we have to work in collaboration with geologists, geochemists, seismologists.
Discovering Avogadro's Number.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rieck, William A.
1997-01-01
Illustrates the use of an inductive approach that leads students to the discovery of Avogadro's number while integrating thinking, mathematical, and calculator skills in the process. An understanding of scientific notation and a calculator are required. (DDR)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Strawn, Candace A.
1998-01-01
Describes LOGO's turtle graphics capabilities based on a sixth-grade classroom's activities with negative numbers and Logo programming. A sidebar explains LOGO and offers suggestions to teachers for using LOGO effectively. (LRW)
Emergency Numbers DANFORTH CAMPUS
Emergency Numbers DANFORTH CAMPUS Ambulance · Fire · Police (314) 935-5555 Emergency Health Service to each of us indi- vidually. Each of us must become familiar with services provided by the University ........................................................................................................ 5 Parking and Transportation Services............................................................. 6
Emergency Numbers DANFORTH CAMPUS
Baloh, Bob
Emergency Numbers DANFORTH CAMPUS Ambulance · Fire · Police (314) 935-5555 Emergency Health Service of everyone in our community belongs to each of us individually. Each of us must become familiar with services ........................................................................................................ 6 Parking and Transportation Services............................................................. 6
FOREWORD: Special issue on mass
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gläser, Michael
2003-12-01
This special issue is intended to present a review of mass standards, mass determination and the efforts to replace the international prototype of the kilogram by a new definition of the kilogram based on a fundamental constant of physics. Mass is a quantity that is familiar to everybody primarily for its importance in commerce. It is not only one of the traditional quantities of metrology but also of science in general. The unit of mass has always been based on a material object and, since 1889, on the international prototype of the kilogram. The mass of any standard weight is derived from this prototype by a cascade of comparison measurements using balances. The sources of uncertainty of the mass of a standard depend upon the circumstances of the weighing process and the long-term instabilities of the intermediate standards. The international prototype—its mass is one kilogram by definition—may also suffer from instabilities or drifts in time, but until now it has not been possible to check this by comparison with a fundamental constant in physics. Repeated verifications of some 40 or so national prototypes of the members of the Metre Convention have shown significant drifts with an average of about 50 µg within 100 years, a fact that casts doubt on the stability of the international prototype itself. Experiments have been underway for about 30 years on linking fundamental constants such as the Avogadro constant or, correspondingly, the atomic mass unit and Planck's constant to the kilogram. Relative uncertainties of the order of 10-7 have been reached today, still one order of magnitude too large for monitoring the stability of the international prototype or for a new definition. The first article of this special issue gives information on the international and the national prototypes of the kilogram, its material, manufacture, cleaning procedures, stability investigations and the periodic verifications of national prototypes. The next article describes methods for determining the mass of multiples and submultiples of the kilogram. In practice, mass standards in the range from one milligram up to several thousands of kilograms are used for the mass determination of commercial objects or for the calibration of weighing instruments. The determination of the mass of multiples and submultiples of the kilogram is a procedure that links such mass standards to the kilogram by a number of—mostly redundant—weighing processes and mathematical procedures that result in the values and the uncertainties of the standards involved. The reproducibility of E-class weights is the topic of the next article. Classification of weights is defined in an international recommendation for legal metrology and is carried over into the national regulations of most countries. E-class weights are at the highest level in this context. Reproducibility is related to the instability of mass standards within some time interval. Corresponding observations and discussions of the results are reported. As already mentioned, weighing is an important source of the uncertainty of a mass standard. The requirements on weighing in legal metrology are discussed in the following article. It refers to the project of a new international recommendation for weights (revised OIML R 111) that describes procedures for mass determination and for testing the properties of weights according to the stated requirements for the different classes. The instability of mass standards is mostly due to surface contamination. A review of the stability of platinum-iridium and stainless-steel standards and their surface contamination is presented in the next article. It gives a comprehensive overview of published data and investigations on this topic. Magnetic weights interact with the magnetic field generated by a balance. A change in the balance indication is the consequence if certain limits are exceeded. Magnetic properties of weights, their measurements and magnetic interactions between weights and balances constitute the theme of the next article. After an introduction to
Dangerous Doubles (Doubling Numbers)
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Stephanie Sharrer
2012-07-14
This lesson teaches students to use the strategy doubling numbers and doubles plus or minus one in order to use mental math to add one digit numbers. The students are engaged in learning through the read aloud of Double the Ducks by Stephen Murphy and then get to work with a partner to draw doubles and write equations that relate to their drawings. Students individually work on solving word problems using these strategies and manipulatives as necessary to solve.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Brown, Ezra; Brunson, Cornelius
2008-01-01
Fibonacci's forgotten number is the sexagesimal number 1;22,7,42,33,4,40, which he described in 1225 as an approximation to the real root of x[superscript 3] + 2x[superscript 2] + 10x - 20. In decimal notation, this is 1.36880810785...and it is correct to nine decimal digits. Fibonacci did not reveal his method. How did he do it? There is also a…
NSDL National Science Digital Library
NCTM Illuminations
2009-06-23
The resource consists of 3 unrelated problem-solving challenges that can build number sense. Activity 1: Students explore the concept of a million to determine if 1 million dollar bills can fit into a standard suitcase. Activity 2: Students use a paper disk to estimate and name exact fractions between 0 and 1. Activity 3: Students explore the effect of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division on decimal numbers by playing an engaging game.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Jones, Harry
2003-01-01
The Advanced Life Support (ALS) has used a single number, Equivalent System Mass (ESM), for both reporting progress and technology selection. ESM is the launch mass required to provide a space system. ESM indicates launch cost. ESM alone is inadequate for technology selection, which should include other metrics such as Technology Readiness Level (TRL) and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and also consider perfom.arxe 2nd risk. ESM has proven difficult to implement as a reporting metric, partly because it includes non-mass technology selection factors. Since it will not be used exclusively for technology selection, a new reporting metric can be made easier to compute and explain. Systems design trades-off performance, cost, and risk, but a risk weighted cost/benefit metric would be too complex to report. Since life support has fixed requirements, different systems usually have roughly equal performance. Risk is important since failure can harm the crew, but it is difficult to treat simply. Cost is not easy to estimate, but preliminary space system cost estimates are usually based on mass, which is better estimated than cost. Amass-based cost estimate, similar to ESM, would be a good single reporting metric. The paper defines and compares four mass-based cost estimates, Equivalent Mass (EM), Equivalent System Mass (ESM), Life Cycle Mass (LCM), and System Mass (SM). EM is traditional in life support and includes mass, volume, power, cooling and logistics. ESM is the specifically defined ALS metric, which adds crew time and possibly other cost factors to EM. LCM is a new metric, a mass-based estimate of LCC measured in mass units. SM includes only the factors of EM that are originally measured in mass, the hardware and logistics mass. All four mass-based metrics usually give similar comparisons. SM is by far the simplest to compute and easiest to explain.
The mass to light ratio and the initial mass function in galactic discs
Laura Portinari; Jesper Sommer-Larsen; Rosaria Tantalo
2003-01-01
A low mass-to-light ratio for the baryonic component of spiral galaxies is advocated by a number of dynamical studies and\\u000a by cosmological simulations of galaxy formation. We discuss the possibility of obtaining low mass-to-light ratios for the\\u000a stellar component in discs, by changing the Initial Mass Function and the Star Formation History.
Germanium Clusters: More Magic Numbers
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Anderson, Lila Rose
1992-10-01
Clusters of silicon and germanium exhibit multiple isomers that can be annealed to single unique structural forms. The "magic number" reactivity trend observed for positive silicon clusters in the size range from 10 to 45 has also been observed in reactions with ammonia, and has also been observed with ethylene, water and trimethylamine (TMA). It was observed that Si_{21 ^+} anneals to a reactive form, so is no longer a "magic number". Negative silicon ions also display the same pattern. Additionally, mass-selected germanium clusters were levitated in the FT-ICR, and probed in chemisorption reactions with nitric oxide, TMA, and water. Clusters in the 10-51 atom size range were effectively annealed to unique structural forms by collisional excitation and cooling through infrared radiation and collisions with argon. For clusters over 33 atoms in size the reactivity pattern for the two elements is the same, suggesting the structures of these clusters is identical and common to tetravalently bonded clusters. Fragmentation studies were also performed to elucidate the difference in relative stability of the clusters and a correlation between stability and reactivity was found.
Psychosocial considerations for mass decontamination.
Lemyre, Louise; Johnson, Colleen; Corneil, Wayne
2010-11-01
Mass exposure to explosions, infectious agents, foodborne illnesses, chemicals or radiological materials may require mass decontamination that have critical psychosocial implications for the public and for both traditional and non-traditional responders in terms of impact and of response. Five main issues are common to mass decontamination events: (i) perception, (ii) somatisation, (iii) media role and communication, (iv) information sharing, (v) behavioural guidance and (vi) organisational issues. Empirical evidence is drawn from a number of cases, including Chernobyl; Goiania, Brazil; the sarin gas attack in Tokyo; the anthrax attacks in the USA; Three Mile Island; and by features of the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome pandemic. In this paper, a common platform for mass casualty management is explored and suggestions for mass interventions are proposed across the complete event timeline, from pre-event threat and warning stages through to the impact and reconstruction phases. Implication for responders, healthcare and emergency infrastructure, public behaviour, screening processes, risk communication and media management are described. PMID:20924122
Neutrino Masses in Astroparticle Physics
G. G. Raffelt
2002-08-08
The case for small neutrino mass differences from atmospheric and solar neutrino oscillation experiments has become compelling, but leaves the overall neutrino mass scale m_nu undetermined. The most restrictive limit of m_nu < 0.8 eV arises from the 2dF galaxy redshift survey in conjunction with the standard theory of cosmological structure formation. A relation between the hot dark matter fraction and m_nu depends on the cosmic number density n_nu of neutrinos. If solar neutrino oscillations indeed correspond to the favored large mixing angle MSW solution, then big-bang nucleosynthesis gives us a restrictive limit on all neutrino chemical potentials, removing the previous uncertainty of n_nu. Therefore, a possible future measurement of m_nu will directly establish the cosmic neutrino mass fraction Omega_nu. Cosmological neutrinos with sub-eV masses can play an interesting role for producing the highest-energy cosmic rays (Z-burst scenario). Sub-eV masses also relate naturally to leptogenesis scenarios of the cosmic baryon asymmetry. Unfortunately, the time-of-flight dispersion of a galactic or local-group supernova neutrino burst is not sensitive in the sub-eV range.
THE CRITICAL MASS PROBLEM OF MOBILE AD-HOC NETWORKS
Steimann, Friedrich
THE CRITICAL MASS PROBLEM OF MOBILE AD-HOC NETWORKS Jörg Roth University of Hagen Department and coverage. We call the number of nodes to form a reasonable network the critical mass. As a result of our simula- tions, we get a considerable high critical mass for realistic usage scenarios. KEYWORDS Mobile
Comparative performance of double-focus and quadrupole mass spectrometers
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Wilson, S. K.
1972-01-01
Light-weight flight type double focus and quadruple mass spectrometer models were compared. Data cover size, weight, and power sensitivity required to achieve same resolution sensitivity at given mass number. Comparison was made using mathematical relationships. Analysis was confined to equal ion source area sensitivity variations not more than 40% over mass range.
MASS SEGREGATION IN GLOBULAR CLUSTERS J. M. Fregeau,1
Rasio, Frederic A.
low mass objects. Subject headings: celestial mechanics, stellar dynamics -- globular clusters of a new study of mass segregation in two-component star clusters, based on a large number of numerical N: general -- methods: numerical -- planetary systems -- stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs 1. INTRODUCTION
A MASS FOR ASYMPTOTICALLY COMPLEX HYPERBOLIC DANIEL MAERTEN, VINCENT MINERBE
Minerbe, Vincent
A MASS FOR ASYMPTOTICALLY COMPLEX HYPERBOLIC MANIFOLDS. DANIEL MAERTEN, VINCENT MINERBE Abstract. We prove a positive mass theorem for complete K¨ahler manifolds that are asymptotic to the complex hyperbolic space. Keywords: positive mass theorem, complex hyperbolic space. MS classification numbers: 53C24
MASS SEGREGATION IN GLOBULAR CLUSTERS J. M. Fregeau,1
Rasio, Frederic A.
MASS SEGREGATION IN GLOBULAR CLUSTERS J. M. Fregeau,1 K. J. Joshi,2 S. F. Portegies Zwart,3,4 and F of a new study of mass segregation in two-component star clusters, based on a large number of numerical N evolution of clusters containing stars with individual masses m1 as well as a tracer population of objects
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gläser, M.; Borys, M.
2009-12-01
Mass as a physical quantity and its measurement are described. After some historical remarks, a short summary of the concept of mass in classical and modern physics is given. Principles and methods of mass measurements, for example as energy measurement or as measurement of weight forces and forces caused by acceleration, are discussed. Precision mass measurement by comparing mass standards using balances is described in detail. Measurement of atomic masses related to 12C is briefly reviewed as well as experiments and recent discussions for a future new definition of the kilogram, the SI unit of mass.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Holloway, Sidney E., III (inventor); Crossley, Edward A., Jr. (inventor); Jones, Irby W. (inventor); Miller, James B. (inventor); Davis, C. Calvin (inventor); Behun, Vaughn D. (inventor); Goodrich, Lewis R., Sr. (inventor)
1992-01-01
A linear mass actuator includes an upper housing and a lower housing connectable to each other and having a central passageway passing axially through a mass that is linearly movable in the central passageway. Rollers mounted in the upper and lower housings in frictional engagement with the mass translate the mass linearly in the central passageway and drive motors operatively coupled to the roller means, for rotating the rollers and driving the mass axially in the central passageway.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Testa, Massimo
1990-01-01
In the large quark mass limit, an argument which identifies the mass of the heavy-light pseudoscalar or scalar bound state with the renormalized mass of the heavy quark is given. The following equation is discussed: m(sub Q) = m(sub B), where m(sub Q) and m(sub B) are respectively the mass of the heavy quark and the mass of the pseudoscalar bound state.
Nelson, R.N. (ed.)
1985-05-01
This publication lists all report number codes processed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. The report codes are substantially based on the American National Standards Institute, Standard Technical Report Number (STRN)-Format and Creation Z39.23-1983. The Standard Technical Report Number (STRN) provides one of the primary methods of identifying a specific technical report. The STRN consists of two parts: The report code and the sequential number. The report code identifies the issuing organization, a specific program, or a type of document. The sequential number, which is assigned in sequence by each report issuing entity, is not included in this publication. Part I of this compilation is alphabetized by report codes followed by issuing installations. Part II lists the issuing organization followed by the assigned report code(s). In both Parts I and II, the names of issuing organizations appear for the most part in the form used at the time the reports were issued. However, for some of the more prolific installations which have had name changes, all entries have been merged under the current name.
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Have you ever wondered about the mathematics behind the idea of "six degrees of separation?" The Erd's Number Project offers several fairly comprehensive lists of co-author relationships to elaborate (with a bit of humor) studies of the dynamics involved in "the collaboration graph," which the website says is "a 'real-life' fairly large graph for combinatorialists to study." The co-author relationship list begins with the Hungarian mathematician Paul Erd's and branches outward, so that anyone who co-authored with Erd's is assigned Erd's number 1 and anyone who co-authored with an Erd's number 1 is assigned the Erd's number 2, and so on. The website offers some suggestions for how the lists might be used, including finding your own Erd's number, testing algorithms, or just getting a sense of the different areas of mathematics represented by Erd's' co-authors. Visitors can also learn more about Erd's, read articles about collaboration in mathematics, or browse through the websites which are linked from the co-author data lists.
Third Grade Number Actiivities
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Nicola Godwin
2012-01-01
This page provides examples of Third Grade Number (Operations and Algebraic Thinking, Number and Operations in Base Ten, and Number Operations-Fractions) activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. A CCSS standard is stated and the possible activities are listed below and linked. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. Instructions for each task are typed in large print and written in child-friendly language to enable students to work on activities independently after a brief introduction to the task. All files listed are in PDF format.
Chapter 13: Mass Wasting () Mass Wasting
Gung, Yuancheng
Fs1 Slope Stability #12; Increased pore water pressure buoys up a soil or rock mass, and thus reduces #12; In January 1841, an earthquake triggered a landslide in the Himalaya. The slide debris dammed: long-term transient state Mass wasting occurs on land and under water. #12;· Normal Stress
Imaging mass spectrometer with mass tags
Felton, James S.; Wu, Kuang Jen J.; Knize, Mark G.; Kulp, Kristen S.; Gray, Joe W.
2013-01-29
A method of analyzing biological material by exposing the biological material to a recognition element, that is coupled to a mass tag element, directing an ion beam of a mass spectrometer to the biological material, interrogating at least one region of interest area from the biological material and producing data, and distributing the data in plots.
Species number with confidence
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Smith, Woollcott K.; Solow, Andrew R.; Maciolek, Nancy J.
2009-09-01
Benthic sampling by J. Frederick Grassle and Nancy J. Maciolek during the 1980s contributed to a recognition of the enormous diversity of biota in the deep sea. The problem of predicting on the basis of such sampling, the number of species in a community is a classical one in statistical ecology. Here, we show how to construct a lower prediction bound on species number using the sequential broken-stick model of relative abundances. We illustrate the method using some data from Grassle and Maciolek's original sampling effort.
Neutral pion number fluctuations
Elena Kokoulina
2011-10-13
Neutral pion number fluctuations have been measured in proton interactions at U-70 accelerator (IHEP, Protvino). The experiment is carried out on the SVD-2 setup. Charged and neutral particles are registered simultaneously. The reconstruction of $\\pi ^0$-mesons is fulfilled by means of observed gamma quanta at the electromagnetic calorimeter. The corrections on the setup acceptance, triggering, efficiencies of detectors and the reconstruction algorithm are included. The multiplicity distributions of the neutral pions have permitted to define the scaled variance, $\\omega $, for $\\pi ^0$-mesons. The revealed sharp growth of fluctuations of the neutral pion number at total meson multiplicities more than 22 can indicate the Bose-Einstein condensate formation.
Sandrini, Marco; Rusconi, Elena
2009-01-01
Healthy human brains come equipped with several circuits that contribute to number processing. Nature and nurture interact to produce a unique combination of core skills and more sophisticated abilities, by building on a handful of auxiliary routes (e.g., verbal language, body knowledge and visuospatial attention). Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies on number processing will be here succinctly reviewed, in light of their most stimulating and challenging contributions. New research directions will be pointed out, that might enhance their theoretical impact. PMID:18976990
On normal numbers Veronica Becher
Becher, Verónica
On normal numbers Ver´onica Becher Universidad de Buenos Aires & CONICET Workshop on Logic Language that the expansions of real numbers obey the Law of Large Numbers. Ver´onica Becher On normal numbers 1 / 30 #12 to b - 1. Ver´onica Becher On normal numbers 1 / 30 #12;Normal numbers Definition (Borel, 1909) A real
Navier number and transition to turbulence
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zió?kowski, P.; Badur, J.
2014-08-01
The motivation behind this article is to explain a role of the Navier number (Na - dimensionless slip-length) in prediction of closures for laminar to turbulent transition undergoing via eddies detachment from the slip layer in nano-cannals. Additionally the role of the Navier number Na in universal modeling of phenomenon of enhanced mass flow rate reported in micro- and nano-channels has been explained. The Na number should be treated as a ratio of internal viscous to external viscous momentum transport and therefore this notion cannot be extended onto whole friction resistance phenomena. Our proposal for unique expressing of a critical point in turbulence transition is that on a plane of fD - Re one needs two coordinates. The second critical coordinate has been discovered by Stanton and Pannell and is known to be the Stanton-Pannell number StPa. Finally dependence of the Stanton- Pannell number StPa on Navier number Na and Reynolds number Re is presented.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Doyle, William R.
2010-01-01
Some say that the educators now have a gender-stratified system of higher education, with nearly 60 percent of all undergraduates being women and fewer men attending each year. The battle for gender equity for women in higher education has been a long and contentious one. In the decades since, increasing numbers of women have gone to college, to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Moomaw, Sally; Carr, Victoria; Boat, Mary; Barnett, David
2010-01-01
A child's demonstration of his conceptual understanding of number bodes well for his future success in school mathematics. As youngsters' thinking becomes more logical, they apply one-to-one correspondence relationships to quantification. Yet, reliable assessment of young children's mathematical ability is difficult because of social and emotional…
Facultad De Ciencias Exactas; Gregory Chaitin; Sergio Daicz I; Vernica Becher
2001-01-01
In his celebrated 1936 paper Turing defined a machine to becircular iff it performs an infinite computation outputting only finitelymany symbols. We define ( as the probability that an arbitrary machinebe circular and we prove that is a random number that goes beyond$2, the probability that a universal self alelimiting machine halts. Thealgorithmic complexity of c is strictly greater than
Calgary, University of
Channels for GNSS Applications," Journal of Navigation, vol 65, no 3, June, Cambridge University Press, pp of GNSS 2011, 20-23 September, Portland OR, The Institute of Navigation, 9 pages. (ION GNSS11 StudentUCGE Reports Number 20357 Department of Geomatics Engineering Improved Navigation Solution
Calgary, University of
UCGE Reports Number 20272 Department of Geomatics Engineering Fiscal Cadastral Systems Reform://www.geomatics.ucalgary.ca/research/publications/GradTheses.html) by Jennifer Whittal September 2008 #12;UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY Fiscal Cadastral Systems Reform A Case Study of fiscal cadastral reform focuses on formulating an appropriate framework for reform, with CAMA
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hahn, Nic
2012-01-01
Remember paint by numbers? This revived trend was a perfect solution to teaching geometric shapes to the author's first-grade students. Geometric shapes are identified and used in early elementary art classrooms, but this lesson gives students a deeper understanding of shape, encourages problem-solving, and makes a strong correlation between math…
Calgary, University of
UCGE Reports Number 20333 Department of Geomatics Engineering Benefits of Combined GPS/GLONASS Essam Hassan Roshdy Tamazin July 2011 #12;UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY Benefits of Combined GPS/GLONASS Positioning System (GPS) and the Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) for receivers in comparison
Calgary, University of
UCGE Reports Number 20311 Department of Geomatics Engineering Reliability of Combined GPS/GLONASS;UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY Reliability of Combined GPS/GLONASS Ambiguity Resolution by Richard Ong A THESIS;ii Abstract This thesis presents an analysis of the impact of combining GPS and GLONASS
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2013-06-21
Why do quantitative biologists sometimes claim that mRNA copy numbers are Poisson distributed in simple models of gene transcription? The first video segment addresses this question under the simplifying assumption that mRNA degradation occurs after a well-defined, deterministic lifetime, and the second segment illustrates the same basic concept for the more realistic situation in which degradation is stochastic.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McMurdo, George
1996-01-01
The expansion of the commercial Internet has encouraged the interpretation of the Internet and its uses as a potential marketing medium. Examines statistical and demographic information about the Internet including number of Internet hosts and World Wide Web servers, and estimates of Internet users; and raises questions about definitions and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Trudgian, Timothy
2009-01-01
One of the difficulties in any teaching of mathematics is to bridge the divide between the abstract and the intuitive. Throughout school one encounters increasingly abstract notions, which are more and more difficult to relate to everyday experiences. This article examines a familiar approach to thinking about negative numbers, that is an…
Physical Constraints of Numbers
W. Mueckenheim
2006-12-11
All sciences need and many arts apply mathematics whereas mathematics seems to be independent of all of them, but only based upon logic. This conservative concept, however, needs to be revised because, contrary to Platonic idealism (frequently called "realism" by mathematicians), mathematical ideas, notions, and, in particular, numbers are not at all independent of physical laws and prerequisites.
Calgary, University of
UCGE Reports Number 20042 Quality Control for Differential Kinematic GPS Positioning (URL: http OF CALGARY QUALITY CONTROL FOR DIFFERENTIAL KINEMATIC GPS POSITIONING BY GANG LU A THESIS SUBMITTED is functioning properly. In this thesis, the statistical quality control methods for use in kinematic GPS
Calgary, University of
an important tool for modeling urban growth and land-use changes in recent decades. However, few studies haveUCGE Reports Number 20365 Department of Geomatics Engineering A Cellular Automata Model to Simulate://www.geomatics.ucalgary.ca/graduatetheses) by Fang Wang Dec. 12, 2012 #12;UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY A Cellular Automata Model to Simulate Land
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Laura Domalik
2010-01-01
In this 5-minute video Laura Domalik defines number sense and provides instructional strategies for counting and vocabulary, including counting on, counting back, one more than (+1), one less than (-1), basic fact concepts of +1 and -1, and missing addends. She demonstrates a game called Garbage, which can be played alone or with a partner.
Stuttgart, Universität
and GRACE based on the energy balance approach. The first part discusses the global gravity field recoveryUCGE Reports Number 20248 Department of Geomatics Engineering Global and Local Gravity Field://www.geomatics.ucalgary.ca/research/publications/GradTheses.html) by Matthias Luigi Weigelt January 2007 #12;UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY Global and Local Gravity Field Recovery from
Calgary, University of
-m distribution and the slow fading components using a Log- Normal or Gamma distribution. #12;iii TemporalUCGE Reports Number 20336 Department of Geomatics Engineering GNSS Channel Characterization Satyanarayana September 2011 #12;UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY GNSS CHANNEL CHARACTERIZATION AND ENHANCED WEAK SIGNAL
Khan, T.A.; Baum, J.W.; Beckman, M.C. [eds.] [eds.
1993-10-01
This document contains information dealing with the lessons learned from the experience of nuclear plants. In this issue the authors tried to avoid the `tyranny` of numbers and concentrated on the main lessons learned. Topics include: filtration devices for air pollution abatement, crack repair and inspection, and remote handling equipment.
Calgary, University of
Bm. Different radio frequency (RF) interference signals were studied to analyze their effect on the acquisition tolerance to the RF interference signals. A continuous wave (CW) interference hinders the acquisition moreUCGE Reports Number 20199 Department of Geomatics Engineering Study of Interference Effects on GPS
Student Code Number: Thermodynamics
Feeny, Brian
Qualifier January 2013 Problem 5 A 4-cylinder, 2.4 liter, four-stroke, spark ignition engine is operatingStudent Code Number: Thermodynamics Ph.D. Qualifying Exam Department of Mechanical Engineering--s diagram. #12;Thermodynamics Qualifier January 2013 Problem 3 A Carnot heat engine receives heat at 1000K
Calgary, University of
UCGE Reports Number 20054 Department of Geomatics Engineering An Analysis of Some Critical Error Sources in Static GPS Surveying (URL: http://www.geomatics.ucalgary.ca/links/GradTheses.html) by Weigen OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF GEOMAUCS ENGINEERING CALGARY, ALBERTA DECEMBER
Calgary, University of
UCGE Reports Number 20284 Department of Geomatics Engineering Continuous Measurement-While-Drilling Surveying System Utilizing MEMS Inertial Sensors (URL: http-While-Drilling Surveying System Utilizing MEMS Inertial Sensors by Mahmoud Lotfy ElGizawy A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY
Calgary, University of
UCGE Reports Number 20305 Department of Geomatics Engineering Ultra-Tight GPS/Reduced IMU for Land;UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY Ultra-Tight GPS/Reduced IMU for Land Vehicle Navigation by Debo Sun A THESIS SUBMITTED unit (IMU) to provide more accurate navigation information than either system alone. To reduce the cost
Update of the Hagedorn mass spectrum
Broniowski, Wojciech [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, PL-31342 Cracow (Poland); Florkowski, Wojciech [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, PL-31342 Cracow (Poland); Institute of Physics, Swietokrzyska Academy, ul. Swietokrzyska 15, PL-25406 Kielce (Poland); Glozman, Leonid Ya. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 5, A-8010 Graz (Austria)
2004-12-01
We present an update of the Hagedorn hypothesis of the exponential growth of the number of hadronic resonances with mass. We use the newest available experimental data for the nonstrange mesons and baryons, as well as fill in some missing states according to the observation that the high-lying states form chiral multiplets. The results show, especially for the case of the mesons, that the Hagedorn growth continues with the increasing mass, with the new states lining up along the exponential growth.
Mass distributions for induced fission of different Hg isotopes
A. V. Andreev; G. G. Adamian; N. V. Antonenko
2011-12-13
With the improved scission-point model the mass distributions are calculated for induced fission of different Hg isotopes with the masses 180-196. The drastic change in the shape of the mass distribution from asymmetric to symmetric is revealed with increasing mass number of the fissioning Hg isotope, and the reactions are proposed to verify this prediction experimentally. The asymmetric mass distribution of fission fragments observed in the recent experiment on the fission of 180Hg is explained. The calculated mass distribution and mean total kinetic energy of fission fragments are in a good agreement with the available experimental data.
Thesis Page Numbering -Roman Numerals to Arabic Numbers 1. Insert Page Number
Anderson, Paul R.
Thesis Page Numbering -Roman Numerals to Arabic Numbers 1. Insert Page Number Go to page where roman numerals will start. Insert tab | Header & Footer group | Page Number Choose a number format To remove page number on title page(1st page), check Different First Page Header & Footer Tools/ Design tab
... social settings. No one keeps track of these outbreaks, but they are probably a lot more common ... we realize. Causes & Risk Factors What causes an outbreak of mass psychogenic illness? Many outbreaks of mass ...
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Butler, Thomas G.
1987-01-01
Methods of modeling mass for bars are surveyed. A method for extending John Archer's concept of consistent mass beyond just translational inertia effects is included. Recommendations are given for various types of modeling situations.
Excited State Effective Masses
Lin, Huey-Wen; Cohen, Saul; Fleming, George
2007-11-01
The effective mass description of Euclidean time hadron correlation functions is extended to incorporate multiple excited states and multiple correlation functions. In general, the effective masses will be determined by finding the roots of some polynomial.
Second grade Number Activities
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Nicola Godwin
2012-01-01
This page provides examples of Second Grade Number (Operations and Algebraic Thinking, and Number and Operations in Base Ten) activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. A CCSS standard is stated and the possible activities are listed below and linked. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. Instructions for each task are typed in large print and written in child-friendly language to enable students to work on activities independently after a brief introduction to the task. All files listed are in PDF format.
First Grade Number Actiivities
NSDL National Science Digital Library
Nicola Godwin
2012-01-01
This page provides examples of First Grade Number (Operations and Algebraic Thinking, and Number and Operations in Base Ten) activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. A CCSS standard is stated and the possible activities are listed below and linked. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. Instructions for each task are typed in large print and written in child-friendly language to enable students to work on activities independently after a brief introduction to the task. All files listed are in PDF format.
MOIRCS Deep Survey. I: DRG Number Counts
Masaru Kajisawa; Masahiro Konishi; Ryuji Suzuki; Chihiro Tokoku; Yuka Katsuno Uchimoto; Tomohiro Yoshikawa; Masayuki Akiyama; Takashi Ichikawa; Masami Ouchi; Koji Omata; Ichi Tanaka; Tetsuo Nishimura; Toru Yamada
2006-10-12
We use very deep near-infrared imaging data taken with Multi-Object InfraRed Camera and Spectrograph (MOIRCS) on the Subaru Telescope to investigate the number counts of Distant Red Galaxies (DRGs). We have observed a 4x7 arcmin^2 field in the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey North (GOODS-N), and our data reach J=24.6 and K=23.2 (5sigma, Vega magnitude). The surface density of DRGs selected by J-K>2.3 is 2.35+-0.31 arcmin^-2 at Knumber counts of DRGs turn over at K~22, and the surface density of the faint DRGs with K>22 is smaller than that expected from the number counts at the brighter magnitude. The result indicates that while there are many bright galaxies at 2number of the faint galaxies with the similar red color is relatively small. Different behaviors of the number counts of the DRGs and bluer galaxies with 222 suggest that the mass-dependent color distribution, where most of low-mass galaxies are blue while more massive galaxies tend to have redder colors, had already been established at that epoch.
Rotationally consistent Love numbers
S. R. Dickman
2005-01-01
The Love number k2 at a 14-month period is used to characterize the deformation of the solid earth during the Chandler wobble. Traditionally, the value of k2(CW), ~0.31, is inferred from observations of the Chandler wobble period, after the effects of the oceans have been subtracted. However, during wobble the core is almost completely decoupled from the mantle; consistency requires
NSDL National Science Digital Library
2012-01-01
In this 14-min video British teacher Rosalind Caren demonstrates group activities designed to develop number sense, fluency with addition and subtraction fact families, and reasoning skills. Caren exhibits effective questioning techniques and routines. Headteacher/math coordinator Kate Frood describes the guiding principles and expectations of teaching at the school. Following a class observation Frood provides constructive feedback to Caren and her teaching assistants.
C. A. Rogers
\\u000a The Geometry of Numbers is concerned with a study of the relationships between point lattices and sets of points. In this\\u000a course of lectures I want to give an account of some of the basic general results of the subject. I will confine my attention\\u000a to the study of what may be called homogeneous problems, and will say nothing about
Kerfoot, Karlene
2005-01-01
We measure to determine where we stand financially or in our quality outcomes. As people see the connection of measures and the success of the company, everything makes more sense. Izzo (2005) writes that profits/net margins are important to an organization and are like oxygen to a person. If we have oxygen, we can focus on the important things in life; if we don't we are preoccupied with gasping for air. Organizations are the same way. With the oxygen of profits, organizations can focus on those things that matter most to the staff and the customer. But when the search for profits becomes obsessive because of greed for excess profits or impending financial doom, everybody loses. Izzo (2005) reminds us that organizations shouldn't exist for only profit, just as people don't exist for only oxygen. Oxygen is merely an enabler for us to do the work of living. Measurement and numbers are the oxygen needed to achieve excellence. As people in organizations use numbers as their servants rather than being slaves to numbers, everyone will succeed. If the use of measurement is seen as punitive, and not a system of serving people to attain that zest for business and a higher mission, we will not achieve the level of excellence our people, patients, and communities deserve. PMID:16033147
Residential Thermal Mass Construction
Thieken, J. S.
1988-01-01
mass block. It examines the research foundation used to validate the benefits of high mass construction. NOMENCLATURE TME = Thermal Mass Effect HVAC = Time-of-Day Electric Rate Energy Savings Time (Salt River Project's The-of-Day Electric... the heat and delays its transfer. In more technical terms, the thermal mass effect (TME) is the reduction in a building's heating and cooling energy caused by absolute reductions and shifting of dynamic heat fluxes through a massive envelope...
Beyond Natural Numbers: Negative Number Representation in Parietal Cortex
Blair, Kristen P.; Rosenberg-Lee, Miriam; Tsang, Jessica M.; Schwartz, Daniel L.; Menon, Vinod
2012-01-01
Unlike natural numbers, negative numbers do not have natural physical referents. How does the brain represent such abstract mathematical concepts? Two competing hypotheses regarding representational systems for negative numbers are a rule-based model, in which symbolic rules are applied to negative numbers to translate them into positive numbers when assessing magnitudes, and an expanded magnitude model, in which negative numbers have a distinct magnitude representation. Using an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging design, we examined brain responses in 22 adults while they performed magnitude comparisons of negative and positive numbers that were quantitatively near (difference <4) or far apart (difference >6). Reaction times (RTs) for negative numbers were slower than positive numbers, and both showed a distance effect whereby near pairs took longer to compare. A network of parietal, frontal, and occipital regions were differentially engaged by negative numbers. Specifically, compared to positive numbers, negative number processing resulted in greater activation bilaterally in intraparietal sulcus (IPS), middle frontal gyrus, and inferior lateral occipital cortex. Representational similarity analysis revealed that neural responses in the IPS were more differentiated among positive numbers than among negative numbers, and greater differentiation among negative numbers was associated with faster RTs. Our findings indicate that despite negative numbers engaging the IPS more strongly, the underlying neural representation are less distinct than that of positive numbers. We discuss our findings in the context of the two theoretical models of negative number processing and demonstrate how multivariate approaches can provide novel insights into abstract number representation. PMID:22363276
Yi-Bo Yang; Ying Chen; Terrence Draper; Ming Gong; Keh-Fei Liu; Zhaofeng Liu; Jian-Ping Ma
2014-11-04
Hadron masses can be decomposed as a sum of components which are defined through hadronic matrix elements of QCD operators. The components consist of the quark mass term, the quark energy term, the glue energy term and the trace anomaly term. We calculate these components of mesons with lattice QCD for the first time. The calculation is carried out with overlap fermion on $2+1$ flavor domain-wall fermion gauge configurations. We confirm that $\\sim 50\\%$ of the light pion mass comes from the quark mass and $\\sim 10\\%$ comes from the quark energy, whereas, the contributions are found to be the other way around for the $\\rho$ mass. The combined glue components contribute $\\sim 40 - 50\\%$ for both mesons. It is interesting to observe that the quark mass contribution to the mass of the vector meson is almost linear in quark mass over a large quark mass region below the charm quark mass. For heavy mesons, the quark mass term dominates the masses, while the contribution from the glue components is about $400\\sim500$ MeV for the heavy pseudoscalar and vector mesons. The charmonium hyperfine splitting is found to be dominated by the quark energy term which is consistent with the quark potential model.
Kraft, Michael
Seismic mass Top electrode Bottom electrode x C1 C2 Chapter 4: The Micromachined Sensing Element. The sensing elements are bulk-micromachined and use capacitive signal pick-off. The seismic mass and the top by the suspension system of the seismic mass, which is either a "swastika"or an "articulated" design. Another
McFarland, Andrew R. (College Station, TX); Rodgers, John C. (Santa Fe, NM); Ortiz, Carlos A. (Bryan, TX); Nelson, David C. (Santa Fe, NM)
1994-01-01
Elbow mass flow meter. The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shen, Yue
2013-03-01
I review the current status of quasar black hole (BH) mass estimations. Spectroscopic methods have been developed to estimate BH mass in broad line quasars to an accuracy of ˜ 0.5 dex. Despite their popularity, significant issues and confusion remain regarding these mass estimators. I provide an in-depth discussion on the merits and caveats of the single-epoch (SE) virial BH mass estimators, and a detailed derivation of the statistical biases of these SE mass estimates resulting from their errors. I show that error-induced sample biases on the order of a factor of several are likely present in the SE mass estimates for flux-limited, statistical quasar samples, and the distribution of SE masses in finite luminosity bins can be narrower than the nominal uncertainty of these mass estimates. I then discuss the latest applications of SE virial masses in quasar studies, including the early growth of supermassive black holes, quasar demography in the mass-luminosity plane, and the evolution of the BH-host scaling relations, with specific emphases on selection effects and sample biases in the SE masses. I conclude that there is a pressing need to understand and deal with the errors in these BH mass estimates, and to improve these BH weighing methods with substantially more and better reverberation mapping data.
Mass Problems and Hyperarithmeticity
Joshua A. Cole; Stephen G. Simpson
2006-01-01
A mass problem is a set of Turing oracles. If P and Q are mass problems, we say that P is weakly reducible to Q if for all Y 2 Q there exists X 2 P such that X is Turing reducible to Y. A weak degree is an equivalence class of mass problems under mutual weak reducibility. Let Pw
Atomic mass measurements for neutrino mass
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Redshaw, Matthew; Mount, Brianna; Myers, Edmund
2009-05-01
As usually understood, observation of neutrinoless double-beta-decay implies that neutrinos are their own antiparticles (Majorana particles), while measurements of the decay rate, or limits on the rate, provide information on absolute neutrino mass. Large-scale neutrinoless double-beta-decay detectors, proposed or under development, such as EXO, CUORE, GERDA, MAJORANA, etc. should be sensitive to a linear combination of neutrino masses, the ``effective Majorana mass of the electron neutrino'', below 0.1 eV/c^2. The signature of neutrinoless double-beta decay is a sharp peak in the total electron-energy spectrum at the Q-value of the decay -- the mass-energy difference between the parent and daughter atoms. Using one or two multiply-charged ions in a Penning trap, we have now measured the atomic masses of ^136Xe, ^130Te, ^130Xe, ^76Ge, ^76Se to a fractional precision of 2 x 10-10 or better, corresponding to Q-values with uncertainties below 25 eV. This is more than sufficient precision for the proposed large-scale experiments. Progress on mass measurements of ^74Ge and ^74Se, relevant to resonance-enhanced neutrinoless double-electron capture in ^74Se, will also be reported.
Lepton number asymmetry via inflaton decay in a modified radiative seesaw model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kashiwase, Shoichi; Suematsu, Daijiro
2015-10-01
We propose a non-thermal scenario for the generation of baryon number asymmetry in a radiative neutrino mass model which is modified to realize inflation at the early Universe. In this scenario, inflaton plays a crucial role in both generation of neutrino masses and lepton number asymmetry. Lepton number asymmetry is firstly generated in the dark matter sector through direct decay of inflaton. It is transferred to the lepton sector via the dark matter annihilation and then converted to the baryon number asymmetry due to the sphaleron interaction. All of the neutrino masses, the baryon number asymmetry and the dark matter are intimately connected to each other through the inflaton.
New normal numbers Veronica Becher
Becher, Verónica
New normal numbers Ver´onica Becher Universidad de Buenos Aires & CONICET, Argentina Joint work Departamento de Matem´atica, FCEyN, UBA, julio 2014 Ver´onica Becher New normal numbers 0 / 15 #12;Normal numbers Ver´onica Becher New normal numbers 1 / 15 #12;Normal numbers A base is an integer b greater than
On normal numbers Veronica Becher
Becher, Verónica
On normal numbers Ver´onica Becher Universidad de Buenos Aires & CONICET Seminaire de l'Equipe de Numbers. Ver´onica Becher On normal numbers 1 / 32 #12;Normal numbers Normality is a basic form . . . where infinitely many of the ak are not equal to b - 1. Ver´onica Becher On normal numbers 1 / 32 #12
Tribble, Robert E.; Cossairt, J. D.; May, D. P.; Kenefick, R. A.
1977-01-01
mass measure- ments have been performed. Their results are summarized in Table I where we note that the pre- vious best single measurement determined the 'He mass to an uncertainty of 17 keV. An additional motivation for obtaining an accurate 'He... to perform a precision measurement of the 'He mass. The new result significantly reduces the uncertainty in the 'He mass excess and allows for a more stringent test of the IMME in the A =8 iso- spin quintet. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE The 'He mass...
Mass Spectrometric Radionuclide Analyses
Wacker, John F.; Eiden, Greg C.; Lehn, Scott A.
2006-02-01
Measurement of ionized atoms by mass spectrometry is an alternative to radiation detection for measuring radioactive isotopes. These systems are large and complex; they require trained operators and extensive maintenance. They began as research systems but have been developed commercially for measuring amounts of radioactive isotopes and their atom ratios to other isotopes. Several types of mass spectrometer systems are in use. This chapter covers the basics of mass spectrometry and surveys the application of these instruments for radionuclide detection and discusses the circumstances under which use of mass spectrometers is advantageous, the type of mass spectrometer used for each purpose, and the conditions of sample preparation, introduction and analysis.
Digital imaging mass spectrometry.
Bamberger, Casimir; Renz, Uwe; Bamberger, Andreas
2011-06-01
Methods to visualize the two-dimensional (2D) distribution of molecules by mass spectrometric imaging evolve rapidly and yield novel applications in biology, medicine, and material surface sciences. Most mass spectrometric imagers acquire high mass resolution spectra spot-by-spot and thereby scan the object's surface. Thus, imaging is slow and image reconstruction remains cumbersome. Here we describe an imaging mass spectrometer that exploits the true imaging capabilities by ion optical means for the time of flight mass separation. The mass spectrometer is equipped with the ASIC Timepix chip as an array detector to acquire the position, mass, and intensity of ions that are imaged by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) directly from the target sample onto the detector. This imaging mass spectrometer has a spatial resolving power at the specimen of (84?±?35)??m with a mass resolution of 45 and locates atoms or organic compounds on a surface area up to ~2 cm(2). Extended laser spots of ~5 mm(2) on structured specimens allows parallel imaging of selected masses. The digital imaging mass spectrometer proves high hit-multiplicity, straightforward image reconstruction, and potential for high-speed readout at 4 kHz or more. This device demonstrates a simple way of true image acquisition like a digital photographic camera. The technology may enable a fast analysis of biomolecular samples in near future. PMID:21953049
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hecht, Eugene
2011-01-01
Though central to any pedagogical development of physics, the concept of mass is still not well understood. Properly defining mass has proven to be far more daunting than contemporary textbooks would have us believe. And yet today the origin of mass is one of the most aggressively pursued areas of research in all of physics. Much of the excitement surrounding the Large Hadron Collider at CERN is associated with discovering the mechanism responsible for the masses of the elementary particles. This paper will first briefly examine the leading definitions, pointing out their shortcomings. Then, utilizing relativity theory, it will propose—for consideration by the community of physicists—a conceptual definition of mass predicated on the more fundamental concept of energy, more fundamental in that everything that has mass has energy, yet not everything that has energy has mass.
Series of Reciprocal Triangular Numbers
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bruckman, Paul; Dence, Joseph B.; Dence, Thomas P.; Young, Justin
2013-01-01
Reciprocal triangular numbers have appeared in series since the very first infinite series were summed. Here we attack a number of subseries of the reciprocal triangular numbers by methodically expressing them as integrals.
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Fm-322 (Fermium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Fm-322 (Fermium, atomic number Z = 100, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ubt-322 (Unbitrium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ubt-322 (Unbitrium, atomic number Z = 123, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ubn-322 (Unbinilium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ubn-322 (Unbinilium, atomic number Z = 120, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Uut-322 (Ununtrium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Uut-322 (Ununtrium, atomic number Z = 113, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Pu-322 (Plutonium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Pu-322 (Plutonium, atomic number Z = 94, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ubo-322 (Unbioctium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ubo-322 (Unbioctium, atomic number Z = 128, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Am-322 (Americium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Am-322 (Americium, atomic number Z = 95, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Utn-322 (Untrinilium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Utn-322 (Untrinilium, atomic number Z = 130, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Bh-322 (Bohrium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Bh-322 (Bohrium, atomic number Z = 107, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Es-322 (Einsteinium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Es-322 (Einsteinium, atomic number Z = 99, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Cf-322 (Californium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Cf-322 (Californium, atomic number Z = 98, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Sg-322 (Seaborgium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Sg-322 (Seaborgium, atomic number Z = 106, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for No-322 (Nobelium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope No-322 (Nobelium, atomic number Z = 102, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ubb-322 (Unbibium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ubb-322 (Unbibium, atomic number Z = 122, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Mt-322 (Meitnerium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Mt-322 (Meitnerium, atomic number Z = 109, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ubu-322 (Unbiunium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ubu-322 (Unbiunium, atomic number Z = 121, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Hs-322 (Hassium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Hs-322 (Hassium, atomic number Z = 108, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Db-322 (Dubnium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Db-322 (Dubnium, atomic number Z = 105, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-322 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-322 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Cm-322 (Curium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Cm-322 (Curium, atomic number Z = 96, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Rg-322 (Roentgenium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Rg-322 (Roentgenium, atomic number Z = 111, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Lr-322 (Lawrencium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Lr-322 (Lawrencium, atomic number Z = 103, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Bk-322 (Berkelium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Bk-322 (Berkelium, atomic number Z = 97, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Uub-322 (Ununbium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Uub-322 (Ununbium, atomic number Z = 112, mass number A = 322).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Pm-147 (Promethium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Pm-147 (Promethium, atomic number Z = 61, mass number A = 147).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for No-301 (Nobelium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope No-301 (Nobelium, atomic number Z = 102, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ubu-301 (Unbiunium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ubu-301 (Unbiunium, atomic number Z = 121, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Th-301 (Thorium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Th-301 (Thorium, atomic number Z = 90, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Bh-301 (Bohrium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Bh-301 (Bohrium, atomic number Z = 107, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Fm-301 (Fermium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Fm-301 (Fermium, atomic number Z = 100, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Cf-301 (Californium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Cf-301 (Californium, atomic number Z = 98, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Uub-301 (Ununbium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Uub-301 (Ununbium, atomic number Z = 112, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Cm-301 (Curium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Cm-301 (Curium, atomic number Z = 96, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Am-301 (Americium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Am-301 (Americium, atomic number Z = 95, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Db-301 (Dubnium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Db-301 (Dubnium, atomic number Z = 105, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Bk-301 (Berkelium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Bk-301 (Berkelium, atomic number Z = 97, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ubb-301 (Unbibium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ubb-301 (Unbibium, atomic number Z = 122, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Sg-301 (Seaborgium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Sg-301 (Seaborgium, atomic number Z = 106, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Hs-301 (Hassium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Hs-301 (Hassium, atomic number Z = 108, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Pa-301 (Protactinium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Pa-301 (Protactinium, atomic number Z = 91, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Es-301 (Einsteinium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Es-301 (Einsteinium, atomic number Z = 99, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Mt-301 (Meitnerium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Mt-301 (Meitnerium, atomic number Z = 109, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for U-301 (Uranium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope U-301 (Uranium, atomic number Z = 92, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Rg-301 (Roentgenium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Rg-301 (Roentgenium, atomic number Z = 111, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Np-301 (Neptunium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Np-301 (Neptunium, atomic number Z = 93, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Pu-301 (Plutonium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Pu-301 (Plutonium, atomic number Z = 94, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ubt-301 (Unbitrium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ubt-301 (Unbitrium, atomic number Z = 123, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-301 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-301 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Uut-301 (Ununtrium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Uut-301 (Ununtrium, atomic number Z = 113, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Lr-301 (Lawrencium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Lr-301 (Lawrencium, atomic number Z = 103, mass number A = 301).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Fr-261 (Francium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Fr-261 (Francium, atomic number Z = 87, mass number A = 261).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-304 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-304 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 304).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-305 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-305 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 305).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-254 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-254 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 254).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-298 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-298 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 298).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-270 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-270 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 270).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-297 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-297 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 297).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-265 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-265 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 265).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-262 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-262 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 262).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-299 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-299 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 299).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-326 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-326 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 326).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-294 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-294 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 294).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-289 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-289 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 289).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-261 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-261 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 261).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-317 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-317 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 317).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-296 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-296 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 296).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-293 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-293 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 293).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-336 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-336 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 336).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-307 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-307 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 307).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-273 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-273 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 273).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-332 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-332 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 332).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-284 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-284 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 284).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-331 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-331 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 331).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-306 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-306 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 306).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-266 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-266 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 266).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-264 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-264 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 264).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-308 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-308 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 308).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-328 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-328 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 328).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-287 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-287 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 287).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-283 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-283 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 283).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-327 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-327 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 327).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-285 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-285 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 285).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-275 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-275 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 275).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-312 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-312 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 312).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-268 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-268 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 268).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-303 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-303 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 303).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-282 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-282 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 282).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-300 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-300 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 300).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-263 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-263 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 263).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-288 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-288 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 288).
Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-259 (Mendelevium)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.
This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-259 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 259).