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1

iSTEM: Learning Mathematics through Minecraft  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core State Standards can be taught with Minecraft, an interactive creative Lego®-like game. Integrating Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (iSTEM) authors share ideas and activities that stimulate student interest in the integrated fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in K-grade 6 classrooms.

Bos, Beth; Wilder, Lucy; Cook, Marcelina; O'Donnell, Ryan

2014-01-01

2

Key Issue: Recruiting Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A STEM teacher is one who teaches in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. In K-12 schooling, most STEM teachers instruct mathematics and science classes, which continue to be critical shortage areas. As part of a comprehensive human capital strategy, designing recruitment initiatives to attract qualified STEM teachers…

McGraner, Kristin L.

2009-01-01

3

Subject Choice in STEM: Factors Influencing  

E-print Network

Subject Choice in STEM: Factors Influencing Young People (aged 14­19) in Education A systematic review of the UK literature October 2010 #12;Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre The EPPI-Centre is part of the Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University

Rambaut, Andrew

4

Mathematical Modeling of Stem Cells: A Complexity Primer for the  

E-print Network

1 Mathematical Modeling of Stem Cells: A Complexity Primer for the Stem-Cell Biologist Mark d in general. We will argue that this is precisely the paradigm to understand the global behavior of stem cells. We also discuss some of the details of our current project to model and simulate stem-cell behaviors

d'Inverno, Mark

5

Mathematical model for the cancer stem cell hypothesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research on the origin of brain cancer has implicated a subpopulation of self-renewing brain cancer stem cells for malignant tumour growth. Various genes that regulate self-renewal in normal stem cells are also found in cancer stem cells. This implies that cancers can occur because of mutations in normal stem cells and early progenitor cells. A predictive mathematical model based

R. Ganguly; I. K. Puri

2006-01-01

6

Mathematical Models of Cancer Stem Cells Franziska Michor  

E-print Network

to solid tumors such as breast and brain cancers. A quantitative understanding of cancer stem cells demonstrated for solid tumors such as breast and brain cancers.12,13 The mathematical exploration of cancerMathematical Models of Cancer Stem Cells Franziska Michor From the Computational Biology Center

7

Mathematical Modeling of Stem Cells Related to Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter we present an overview of different mathematical and numerical approaches to describe stem cell proliferation and differentiation and the development of small cancer stem cell populations that are origins of neoplasm disease. The purpose of this chapter is not to scare the reader with comple x mathematical and numerical analysis. Instead we aim to summarize the wide

Monika Joanna Piotrowska; Heiko Enderling; Uwe an der Heiden; Michael C. Mackey

2008-01-01

8

Women of Color in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars have theorized and examined women's underrepresentation in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields for well over thirty years. However, much of this research has paid little attention to issues of racial and ethnic diversity among women, suggesting that all women have the same experiences in STEM. Women of color…

Johnson, Dawn R.

2011-01-01

9

STEM, STEM Education, STEMmania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author introduces integrative STEM (science, technology, engineering, and/or mathematics) education and discusses the importance of the program. The notion of integrative STEM education includes approaches that explore teaching and learning between/among any two or more of the STEM subject areas, and/or between a STEM subject

Sanders, Mark

2009-01-01

10

Preservice Teachers' Subject Matter Knowledge of Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixty four preservice teachers taking a mathematics methods class for middle schools were given 3 math problems: multiply a three digit number by a two digit number; divide a whole number by a fraction; and compare the volume of two cylinders made in different ways from the same rectangular sheet. They were to a) solve them, explaining their…

Menon, Ramakrishnan

2009-01-01

11

Infusing Mathematics with Culture: Teaching Technical Subjects for Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fundamental goal of any STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) course must be to involve students in the acquisition and mastery of the knowledge, skills, and perspectives of a technical discipline. This chapter describes an instructional model for infusing social and cultural learning into a technical course. This model…

Winter, Dale

2007-01-01

12

Change the World through STEM Science. Technology. Engineering. Mathematics.  

E-print Network

commercial pilot's license while in college. In 1935, she was one of three women hired by the Bureau of AirWomen@NASA Change the World through STEM Science. Technology. Engineering. Mathematics. Women (1938) and a commercial license. While enrolled in a master's degree program at Northwestern University

Waliser, Duane E.

13

Change the World through STEM Science. Technology. Engineering. Mathematics.  

E-print Network

Women@NASA Change the World through STEM Science. Technology. Engineering. Mathematics. Women in Space History Sally Ride Selected by NASA in January 1978, Dr. Sullivan was a member of the first class of female astronauts and the first female to perform a spacewalk in 1984. She is a private pilot, rated

Waliser, Duane E.

14

Expertise in Mathematics Instruction: Subject Matter Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The organization and content of subject matter knowledge of arithmetic teachers was explored. Experienced and beginning fourth grade teachers were observed. They were evaluated on their lessons to teach fractions. Implications of their knowledge differences were discussed. (DWH)

Leinhardt, Gaea; Smith, Donald A.

1985-01-01

15

Pharmacy Students' Perceptions of Natural Science and Mathematics Subjects  

PubMed Central

Objective. To determine the level of importance pharmacy students placed on science and mathematics subjects for pursuing a career in pharmacy. Method. Two hundred fifty-four students completed a survey instrument developed to investigate students’ perceptions of the relevance of science and mathematics subjects to a career in pharmacy. Pharmacy students in all 4 years of a master of pharmacy (MPharm) degree program were invited to complete the survey instrument. Results. Students viewed chemistry-based and biology-based subjects as relevant to a pharmacy career, whereas mathematics subjects such as physics, logarithms, statistics, and algebra were not viewed important to a career in pharmacy. Conclusion. Students’ experience in pharmacy and year of study influenced their perceptions of subjects relevant to a pharmacy career. Pharmacy educators need to consider how they can help students recognize the importance of scientific knowledge earlier in the pharmacy curriculum. PMID:25147390

Wilson, Sarah Ellen; Wan, Kai-Wai

2014-01-01

16

The use of fuzzy mathematics in subjective uncertainty analysis  

SciTech Connect

We have been investigating the applicability of fuzzy mathematics in safety assessments (PSAs). It is a very efficient approach, both in terms of methodology development time and program execution time. Most importantly, it processes subjective information subjectively, not as if it were based on measured data. One of the most useful results of this work is that we have shown the potential for significant differences (especially in perceived margin relative to a decision threshold) between fuzzy mathematics analysis and conventional PSA analysis. This difference is due to subtle factors inherent in the choice of probability distributions for modeling uncertainty. Since subjective uncertainty, stochastic variability, and dependence are all parts of most practical situations, a technique has been developed for combining the three effects. The methodology is based on hybrid numbers and on Frechet inequality dependency bounds analysis. Some new results have also been obtained in the areas of efficient disjoint set representations and constrained uncertainty and variability analysis.

Cooper, J.A.

1996-06-01

17

Methylation patterns and mathematical models reveal dynamics of stem cell turnover in the human colon  

E-print Network

mapping has become one of the hottest areas of stem cell research. Cell fate mapping methods used in miceCommentary Methylation patterns and mathematical models reveal dynamics of stem cell turnover. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells, nor- mally residing in a specific location (a niche) within

18

Scholarships for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Program (S-STEM I)  

E-print Network

Cover Sheet (This cover sheet must accompany your application.) S-STEM I is funded by the NationalScholarships for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Program (S-STEM I) Application Qualifications S-STEM I is funded to support undergraduate students at Stony Brook University who are citizens

Ge, Qiaode Jeff

19

Mathematics is a mysterious and challenging subject. Why would you major in it?  

E-print Network

- tage in non-mathematical careers. A study by The Chronicle of Higher Education shows mathematics majors at careers that involve abstract reasoning and creative problem solving. A mathematics degree certifiesMathematics is a mysterious and challenging subject. Why would you major in it? The fact that you

Hammack, Richard

20

Re/Writing the Subject: A Contribution to Post-Structuralist Theory in Mathematics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text, occasioned by a critical reading of "Mathematics Education and Subjectivity" (Brown, "2011") and constituting a response to the book, aims at contributing to the building of (post-structuralist) theory in mathematics education. Its purpose was to re/write two major positions that "Mathematics Education and Subjectivity" articulates:…

Roth, Wolff-Michael

2012-01-01

21

Accomplishment in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) and Its Relation to STEM Educational Dose: A 25Year Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies examined the relationship between precollegiate advanced\\/enriched educational experiences and adult accomplishments in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). In Study 1, 1,467 13-year-olds were identified as mathematically talented on the basis of scores ? 500 (top 0.5%) on the math section of the Scholastic Assessment Test; subsequently, their developmental trajectories were studied over 25 years. Particular attention was

Jonathan Wai; David Lubinski; Camilla P. Benbow; James H. Steiger

2010-01-01

22

Facilitating Collaboration across Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM) Fields in Program Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaboration plays a major role in interdisciplinary activities among Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM) disciplines or fields. It also affects the relationships among cluster members on the management team. Although effective collaboration does not guarantee success among STEM disciplines, its absence usually assures…

Ejiwale, James A.

2014-01-01

23

The Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an up-to-date clearinghouse of K-12 STEM materials and calendars of STEM events for students and teachers in the western Massachusetts region. Teachers can find information on institutes and workshops, and materials and resources for STEM activities. There are photo and presentation galleries and a newsletter. For students there is information on academies and scholarships.

2012-01-01

24

Can Parents Influence Children's Mathematics Achievement and Persistence in STEM Careers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the relationship between parental motivational practices, Children's mathematics achievement trajectories, and persistence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers. Nationally representative longitudinal survey data were analyzed using latent growth curve analysis. Findings indicate that…

Ing, Marsha

2014-01-01

25

Secondary Students' Perceptions of Assessments in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems of the decreasing enrolment of science students at secondary school level as well as the lagging science and mathematics achievement and literacy of Malaysian secondary students in international assessment studies point to a serious challenge for the government to improve Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)…

Meng, Chew Cheng; Idris, Noraini; Eu, Leong Kwan

2014-01-01

26

Wellcome Trust SUBMISSION OF EVIDENCE Wellcome Trust response to Higher Education in STEM Subjects  

E-print Network

on skilled immigration from outside the EEA present a significant threat to the sustainability of the UK, quantitative and analytical skills ­ which are valued by industries outside the traditional definition of `STEM that will benefit from their skills. 7. The Committee asks about the definition of a `STEM subject' and a `STEM job

Rambaut, Andrew

27

Pure Mathematics provides the logical foundation for the whole subject. It is  

E-print Network

Pure Mathematics provides the logical foundation for the whole subject. It is concerned in a variety of situations. Our core courses in Pure Mathematics will introduce you to the rigour and precise thinking necessary for its study. Applied Mathematics is concerned with the modelling of a wide range

Schnaufer, Achim

28

STEM Development: A Study of 6th-12th Grade Girls' Interest and Confidence in Mathematics and Science.  

E-print Network

??Researchers, policymakers, business, and industry have indicated that the United States will experience a shortage of professionals in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)… (more)

Heaverlo, Carol

2011-01-01

29

iSTEM: Promoting Fifth Graders' Mathematical Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modeling requires that people develop representations or procedures to address particular problem situations (Lesh et al. 2000). Mathematical modeling is used to describe essential characteristics of a phenomenon or a situation that one intends to study in the real world through building mathematical objects. This article describes how fifth-grade…

Yanik, H. Bahadir; Karabas, Celil

2014-01-01

30

The Constructed Objectivity of Mathematics and the Cognitive Subject 1  

E-print Network

; there pulses in them the life of ideas which realize themselves in concreto through out human endeavours in our. The main idea is that mathematics is a human construction, but a very peculiar one, as it is grounded in our "acts of experience", as Weyl says, beginning with our presence in the world, first in space

Longo, Giuseppe

31

The Constructed Objectivity of Mathematics and the Cognitive Subject1  

E-print Network

; there pulses in them the life of ideas which realize themselves in concreto through out human endeavours in our. The main idea is that mathematics is a human construction, but a very peculiar one, as it is grounded in our "acts of experience", as Weyl says, beginning with our presence in the world, first in space

Longo, Giuseppe

32

Artificial hematopoietic stem cell niche: bioscaffolds to microfluidics to mathematical simulations.  

PubMed

Due to the recent advancements in stem cell biology and engineering, scientists have been increasingly interested in creating in vitro niches for embryonic and adult stem cells, and, following induction and differentiation with the appropriate media, the production of large scale blood production. This artificially created niche for hematopoietic cells will be composed of three materials: the stem cells themselves, the scaffold surrounding the stem cell, and the media used to expand and differentiate the stem cells. This paper will examine the recent advancements in technology for each of these relating to the development of an artificial stem cell niche. Many key aspects of the artificial niche need to be improved on before we can scale up the engineered device for large scale blood production including more efficient methods of retrieval of the embroid bodies produced from the microfluidic channels. The current state of experimental methods such as these as well as relevant discoveries in related fields that could be applied to artificial niche technology is described in this paper. Furthermore, we present a mathematical model to describe cell expansion in the artificial hematopoietic stem cell niche in order to design and optimize a scaled-up bioreactor. The mathematical model describes the dynamics of expansion, and maintenance of homeostasis in the bioreactor. PMID:21446910

Didwania, Maruti; Didwania, Anjani; Mehta, Geeta; Basak, Grzegorz W; Yasukawa, Satoshi; Takayama, Shuichi; de Necochea-Campion, Rosalia; Srivastava, Anand; Carrier, Ewa

2011-01-01

33

Using Food Science Demonstrations to Engage Students of All Ages in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overarching goal of the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Initiative is to foster effective STEM teaching and learning throughout the educational system at the local, state, and national levels, thereby producing science literate citizens and a capable STEM workforce. To contribute to achieving this goal, we…

Schmidt, Shelly J.; Bohn, Dawn M.; Rasmussen, Aaron J.; Sutherland, Elizabeth A.

2012-01-01

34

Mathematical modelling of human mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and differentiation inside artificial porous scaffolds  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a mathematical model for the proliferation and differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells grown inside artificial porous scaffolds under different oxygen concentrations. The values of parameters in the model are determined by comparison of the model solutions to published experimental data, complemented with a sensitivity analysis of the fitted parameters. It is shown that a simple hypothesis whereby

Greg Lemon; Sarah L. Waters; Felicity R. A. J. Rose; John R. King

2007-01-01

35

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Participation among College Students with an Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little research has examined the popular belief that individuals with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely than the general population to gravitate toward science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. This study analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2, a nationally representative sample of…

Wei, Xin; Yu, Jennifer W.; Shattuck, Paul; McCracken, Mary; Blackorby, Jose

2013-01-01

36

Celebrating the Reality of Inclusive STEM Education: Co-Teaching in Science and Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education in secondary inclusive classrooms. Co-teaching is increasingly used in inclusive practice by administrators to provide effective instruction in inclusive classrooms. The practical and successful instructional strategies in the article focus on one…

Moorehead, Tanya; Grillo, Kelly

2013-01-01

37

On the Importance of Subject Matter in Mathematics Education: A Conversation with Erich Christian Wittmann  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Erich Christian Wittmann is one of the primary founders of mathematics education research as an autonomous field of work and research in Germany. The interview presented here reflects on his role in promoting mathematics education as a design science. The interview addresses the following topics: (1) The importance of subject matter in…

Akinwunmi, Kathrin; Höveler, Karina; Schnell, Susanne

2014-01-01

38

A multicompartment mathematical model of cancer stem cell-driven tumor growth dynamics.  

PubMed

Tumors are appreciated to be an intrinsically heterogeneous population of cells with varying proliferation capacities and tumorigenic potentials. As a central tenet of the so-called cancer stem cell hypothesis, most cancer cells have only a limited lifespan, and thus cannot initiate or reinitiate tumors. Longevity and clonogenicity are properties unique to the subpopulation of cancer stem cells. To understand the implications of the population structure suggested by this hypothesis--a hierarchy consisting of cancer stem cells and progeny non-stem cancer cells which experience a reduction in their remaining proliferation capacity per division--we set out to develop a mathematical model for the development of the aggregate population. We show that overall tumor progression rate during the exponential growth phase is identical to the growth rate of the cancer stem cell compartment. Tumors with identical stem cell proportions, however, can have different growth rates, dependent on the proliferation kinetics of all participating cell populations. Analysis of the model revealed that the proliferation potential of non-stem cancer cells is likely to be small to reproduce biologic observations. Furthermore, a single compartment of non-stem cancer cell population may adequately represent population growth dynamics only when the compartment proliferation rate is scaled with the generational hierarchy depth. PMID:24840956

Weekes, Suzanne L; Barker, Brian; Bober, Sarah; Cisneros, Karina; Cline, Justina; Thompson, Amanda; Hlatky, Lynn; Hahnfeldt, Philip; Enderling, Heiko

2014-07-01

39

Subjectivity and Cultural Adjustment in Mathematics Education: A Response to Wolff-Michael Roth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this volume, Wolff-Michael Roth provides a critical but partial reading of Tony Brown's book "Mathematics Education and Subjectivity". The reading contrasts Brown's approach with Roth's own conception of subjectivity as derived from the work of Vygotsky, in which Roth aims to "reunite" psychology and sociology. Brown's book, however, focuses on…

Brown, Tony

2012-01-01

40

Stability and Hopf bifurcation in a mathematical model of pluripotent stem cell dynamics  

E-print Network

We study a mathematical model describing the dynamics of a pluripotent stem cell population involved in the blood production process in the bone marrow. This model is a differential equation with a time delay. The delay describes the cell cycle duration and is uniformly distributed on an interval. We obtain stability conditions independent of the delay. We also show that the distributed delay can destabilize the entire system. In particularly, it is shown that Hopf bifurcations can occur.

Adimy, Mostafa; Ruan, Shigui; 10.1016/j.nonrwa.2004.12.010

2009-01-01

41

Mathematically precocious and female: Self-efficacy and STEM course choices among high achieving middle grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem addressed in this project is the lack of mathematically gifted females choosing to pursue advanced science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses in secondary education due to deficiencies in self-efficacy. The purpose of this project was to study the effects of a child-guided robotics program as it relates to the self-efficacy of mathematically gifted 6th grade female students and their future course choices in the advanced STEM content areas. This mixed-model study utilized a STEM attitude survey, artifacts, interviews, field notes, and standardized tests as measurement tools. Significance was found between genders in the treatment group for the standardized science scores, indicating closure in the achievement gap. Research suggests that STEM enrichment is beneficial for mathematically gifted females.

Burt, Stacey M.

42

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Participation Among College Students with an Autism Spectrum Disorder  

PubMed Central

Little research has examined the popular belief that individuals with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely than the general population to gravitate toward science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. This study analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2, a nationally representative sample of students with an ASD in special education. Findings suggest that students with an ASD had the highest STEM participation rates although their college enrollment rate was the third lowest among 11 disability categories and students in the general population. Disproportionate postsecondary enrollment and STEM participation by gender, family income, and mental functioning skills were found for young adults with an ASD. Educational policy implications are discussed. PMID:23114569

Wei, Xin; Yu, Jennifer W.; Shattuck, Paul; McCracken, Mary; Blackorby, Jose

2012-01-01

43

A Comparison of Postsecondary Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Enrollment for Students with and without Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined enrollment differences at postsecondary institutions between students with and without disabilities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors to investigate the extent to which students with disabilities, compared with their counterparts, pursue highly demanded STEM careers that require postsecondary…

Lee, Ahlam

2011-01-01

44

The effect of mathematics games to the student perception of mathematics subject: A case study in Sekolah Kebangsaan Bukit Kuda, Klang  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mathematics is a basic subject in primary and secondary schools. Early exposure to mathematics is very important since it will affect the student perception towards this subject for their entire life. Therefore, a program called 'Mini Hari Matematik' was conducted to expose the basic mathematics concept through some games which fit the knowledge of Standard four and five students. A questionnaire regarding student perception towards this subject was distributed before and after the program. From the analysis, the program has positively changed the student's perception towards mathematics.

Abdul Hadi, Normi; Mohd Noor, Norlenda; Abd Halim, Suhaila; Alwadood, Zuraida; Khairol Azmi, Nurul Nisa'

2013-04-01

45

Student and High-School Characteristics Related to Completing a Science, Technology, Engineering or Mathematics (STEM) Major in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The importance of increasing the number of US college students completing degrees in science, technology, engineering or mathematics (STEM) has prompted calls for research to provide a better understanding of factors related to student participation in these majors, including the impact of a student's high-school mathematics

LeBeau, Brandon; Harwell, Michael; Monson, Debra; Dupuis, Danielle; Medhanie, Amanuel; Post, Thomas R.

2012-01-01

46

A Norwegian Out-of-School Mathematics Project's Influence on Secondary Students' STEM Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considerable resources are spent on initiatives aiming to increase achievement and participation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Drawing on focus group interviews and a questionnaire study with participants in ENT3R, a Norwegian out-of-school mathematics program, we investigated why participants attended and stayed in…

Jensen, Fredrik; Sjaastad, Jřrgen

2013-01-01

47

Interactive Mathematical Models of Subjective Alertness and Cognitive Throughput in Humans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present here mathematical models in which levels of subjective alertness and cognitive throughput are predicted by three components that interact with one another in a nonlinear manner. These components are (1) a homeostatic component (H) that falls in a sigmoidal manner during wake and rises in a saturating exponential manner at a rate that is determined by circadian

Megan E. Jewett; Richard E. Kronauer

1999-01-01

48

Is Knowing Another Language as Important as Knowing "Core" Subjects Like Mathematics or Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores, through interview data with 125 respondents in Canada, whether the study of foreign languages can be considered as important as the study of the "core" STEMM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics, medicine) subjects in school and university curricula. Five categories of interviewees, including those involved and not…

Kouritzin, Sandra G.

2012-01-01

49

A comparative case study of the characteristics of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) focused high schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the characteristics of 10 science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) focused high schools. A comparative case designed was used to identify key components of STEM school designs. Schools were selected from various regions across the United States. Data collected included websites, national statistics database, standardized test scores, interviews and published articles. Results from this study indicate that there is a variety of STEM high school programs designed to increase students' ability to pursue college degrees in STEM fields. The school mission statements influence the overall school design. Students at STEM schools must submit an application to be admitted to STEM high schools. Half of the STEM high schools used a lottery system to select students. STEM high schools have a higher population of black students and a lower population of white and Hispanic students than most schools in the United States. They serve about the same number of economically disadvantaged students. The academic programs at STEM high schools are more rigorous with electives focused on STEM content. In addition to coursework requirements, students must also complete internships and/or a capstone project. Teachers who teach in STEM schools are provided regularly scheduled professional development activities that focus on STEM content and pedagogy. Teachers provide leadership in the development and delivery of the professional development activities.

Scott, Catherine Elizabeth

50

Persistence in STEM: An investigation of the relationship between high school experiences in science and mathematics and college degree completion in STEM fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While the number of Bachelor's degrees awarded annually has nearly tripled over the past 40 years (NSF, 2008), the same cannot be said for degrees in the STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that by the year 2014 the combination of new positions and retirements will lead to 2 million job openings in STEM (BLS, 2005). Thus, the research questions I sought to answer with this study were: (1)What are the most common enrollment patterns for students who enter into and exit from the STEM pipeline during high school and college? (2) Controlling for differences in student background and early interest in STEM careers, what are the high school science and mathematics classroom experiences that characterize student completion of a college major in STEM? Using data from NELS:88 I analyzed descriptive statistics and completed logistic regressions to gain an understanding of factors related to student persistence in STEM. Approximately 4700 students with transcript records and who participated in all survey rounds were included in the analyses. The results of the descriptive analysis demonstrated that most students who went on to complete majors in STEM completed at least three or four years of STEM courses during high school, and enrolled in advanced high school mathematics and science courses at higher rates. At almost every pipeline checkpoint indicators of the level of coursework and achievement were significant in predicting student completion of a STEM degree. The results also support previous research that showed demographic variables have little effect on persistence once the sample is limited to those who have the intrinsic ability and desire to complete a college degree. The most significant finding is that measures of student interest and engagement in science and mathematics were significant in predicting completion of a STEM degree, above and beyond the effects of course enrollment and performance. A final analysis, which involved the comparison of descriptive statistics for students who switched into and out of the STEM pipeline during high school, suggested that attitudes toward mathematics and science play a major role in choices regarding pipeline persistence.

Maltese, Adam V.

51

Persistence in STEM: An investigation of the relationship between high school experiences in science and mathematics and college degree completion in STEM fields  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the number of Bachelor's degrees awarded annually has nearly tripled over the past 40 years (NSF, 2008), the same cannot be said for degrees in the STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that by the year 2014 the combination of new positions and retirements will lead to 2 million job openings in

Adam V. Maltese

2008-01-01

52

Mathematical modeling of GATA-switching for regulating the differentiation of hematopoietic stem cell  

PubMed Central

Background Hematopoiesis is a highly orchestrated developmental process that comprises various developmental stages of the hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). During development, the decision to leave the self-renewing state and selection of a differentiation pathway is regulated by a number of transcription factors. Among them, genes GATA-1 and PU.1 form a core negative feedback module to regulate the genetic switching between the cell fate choices of HSCs. Although extensive experimental studies have revealed the mechanisms to regulate the expression of these two genes, it is still unclear how this simple module regulates the genetic switching. Methods In this work we proposed a mathematical model to study the mechanisms of the GATA-PU.1 gene network in the determination of HSC differentiation pathways. We incorporated the mechanisms of GATA switch into the module, and developed a mathematical model that comprises three genes GATA-1, GATA-2 and PU.1. In addition, a novel multiple-objective optimization method was designed to infer unknown parameters in the proposed model by realizing different experimental observations. A stochastic model was also designed to describe the critical function of noise, due to the small copy numbers of molecular species, in determining the differentiation pathways. Results The proposed deterministic model has successfully realized three stable steady states representing the priming and different progenitor cells as well as genetic switching between the genetic states under various experimental conditions. Using different values of GATA-1 synthesis rate for the GATA-1 protein availability in the chromatin sites during the time period of GATA switch, stochastic simulations for the first time have realized different proportions of cells leading to different developmental pathways under various experimental conditions. Conclusions Mathematical models provide testable predictions regarding the mechanisms and conditions for realizing different differentiation pathways of hematopoietic stem cells. This work represents the first attempt at using a discrete stochastic model to realize the decision of HSC differentiation pathways showing a multimodal distribution. PMID:24565335

2014-01-01

53

Exploring factors affecting success and persistence of underrepresented minorities in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This was a study to explore the persistence and success of underrepresented minorities in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors. Specifically, the effect of the precollege STEM curriculum on the preparation and persistence of undergraduate STEM students was examined. National statistics continue to illuminate the need for increasing the number of underrepresented minority students attaining STEM degrees, emphasizing that a large percentage of these students have enrolled in these majors. The persistence of traditional and nontraditional students was considered in the study. The following research questions were used to determine the types of data that was collected and analyzed: (a) How does the precollege STEM curriculum affect the persistence or non-persistence of underrepresented minorities in undergraduate STEM majors? (b) How can curriculum reform motivate underrepresented minority learners to persist to undergraduate STEM degrees? (c) What types of instructional methods aid in nontraditional STEM students persistence and degree attainment? A qualitative approach was identified as the appropriate methodology to address the research questions, and the data collecting tool, consisting of semi-structured interviews gave rich descriptions into the STEM students' preparation, persistence, and success. Findings from this research will help to improve understandings about underrepresented minorities' precollege STEM preparation and its effect on their postsecondary STEM success, thus adding to the growing body of knowledge about improving underrepresented minorities' persistence and degree attainment in STEM programs. The findings of this study suggest that the most important factor for underrepresented minority in undergraduate STEM programs to succeed and persist is their precollege STEM preparation.

Blair, Teresa P.

54

A Comprehensive Approach to Fostering the Next Generation of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an innovative education program launched in 2004 by Oregon State University Science and Mathematics Education Department, with leadership from Oregon Sea Grant, and funding from NOAA. Program development is described as well as the impact of it on participants. The program represents one vision for how to transform research and education practice to better support lifelong STEM

Lynn D. Dierking

2010-01-01

55

STEM Development: A Study of 6th-12th Grade Girls' Interest and Confidence in Mathematics and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers, policymakers, business, and industry have indicated that the United States will experience a shortage of professionals in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Several strategies have been suggested to address this shortage, one of which includes increasing the representation of girls and women in the…

Heaverlo, Carol Ann

2011-01-01

56

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: A Primer, November 15, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal STEM education policy concerns center on issues that relate to STEM education as a whole, such as governance of the federal effort and broadening participation of underrepresented populations, as well as those that are specific to STEM education a...

H. B. Gonzalez, J. J. Kuenzi

2012-01-01

57

Improving Student Engagement in Mathematics Using Simple but Effective Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A significant proportion of students enrolling in mathematical subjects designed for non-STEM majors in university courses have minimal mathematical skills and poor motivation. This combination of starting attributes often leads to failure in the first mathematical subject encountered. We have been implementing simple, alternative pedagogies in an…

Shearman, Donald; Rylands, Leanne; Coady, Carmel

2012-01-01

58

Motivation and engagement in English, mathematics and science high school subjects: Towards an understanding of multidimensional domain specificity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the domain specificity of multidimensional motivation and engagement (adaptive cognitions, adaptive behaviors, impeding\\/maladaptive cognitions, maladaptive behaviors) in mathematics, English and science high school subjects, with an additional focus on three key educational correlates (educational aspirations, class participation, enjoyment of subject). Based on a sample of 1801 students from six Australian high schools,

Jasmine Green; Andrew J. Martin; Herbert W. Marsh

2007-01-01

59

Trends in International Mathematics and  

E-print Network

States in the U.S. have recently created new Common Core State Standards in Mathematics to guide. Globally, countries are raising educational goals and standards in STEM subjects. [3] TIMSS ADVANCED 2015, energy, manufacturing, agriculture, and medicine. Global Focus on Mathematics and Science Standards

Huang, Jianyu

60

Trends in International Mathematics and  

E-print Network

States in the U.S. have recently created new Common Core State Standards in Mathematics to guide. Globally, countries are raising educational goals and standards in STEM subjects. [3] TIMS S ADVAN CED 2015, energy, manufacturing, agriculture, and medicine. Global Focus on Mathematics and Science Standards

Huang, Jianyu

61

Gender and Ethnic Differences in Precollege Mathematics Coursework Related to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, the pattern in academic pathways for high school students in the USA showed that students were completing more demanding mathematics courses. Despite the upward pattern in advanced-level mathematics course-taking, disparities among racial/ethnic groups persisted between 1982 and 2004. Using data from the Education Longitudinal Study of…

You, Sukkyung

2013-01-01

62

Nanog Variability and Pluripotency Regulation of Embryonic Stem Cells - Insights from a Mathematical Model Analysis  

PubMed Central

The expression of the transcription factors Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog is commonly associated with pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. However, recent observations suggest that ES cell populations are heterogeneous with respect to the expression of Nanog and that individual ES cells reversibly change their Nanog expression level. Furthermore, it has been shown that cells exhibiting a low Nanog level are more likely to undergo differentiation. Applying a novel mathematical transcription factor network model we explore mechanisms and feedback regulations to describe the observed variation of the Nanog levels in mouse ES cells. In particular we show that these variations can occur under different assumptions yielding similar experimental characteristics. Based on model predictions we propose experimental strategies to distinguish between these explanations. Concluding from our results we argue that the heterogeneity with respect to the Nanog concentrations is most likely a functional element to control the differentiation propensity of an ES cell population. Furthermore, we provide a conceptual framework that consistently explains Nanog variability and a potential “gate-keeper” function of Nanog expression with respect to the control of ES cell differentiation. PMID:20574542

Glauche, Ingmar; Herberg, Maria; Roeder, Ingo

2010-01-01

63

Mathematics Subject Headings for the PreK-12 Community: A Comparison of Key Terms from the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Mathematics Standards to ERIC Thesaurus Descriptors and the Library of Congress Subject Headings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) is an international organization which supports the teaching and learning of mathematics for children from Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 12. In the year 2000, the NCTM produced Principles and Standards for School Mathematics, a document that has become the basis for state and local mathematics curriculum standards across the United States. This article

Karen A. Plummer

2006-01-01

64

Constructions of Mathematicians in Popular Culture and Learners' Narratives: A Study of Mathematical and Non-Mathematical Subjectivities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, based on a project funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council considering how people position themselves in relation to popular representations of mathematics and mathematicians, we explore constructions of mathematicians in popular culture and the ways learners make meanings from these. Drawing on an analysis of popular…

Moreau, Marie-Pierre; Mendick, Heather; Epstein, Debbie

2010-01-01

65

The Office of Academic Affairs and the Office of Research are pleased to offer a new Seed Funding Program focused explicitly on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) activities in underserved  

E-print Network

Mathematics Standards, Alabama State Department of Education Course of Study Standards in STEM). 6. Seed Funding Program focused explicitly on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) activities in underserved K-12 schools in the West Alabama area to increase students' exposure to and awareness of STEM

Carver, Jeffrey C.

66

Building a Community of Scholars: One University's Story of Students Engaged in Learning Science, Mathematics, and Engineering through a NSF S-STEM Grant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The School of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science (SEMS) at Robert Morris University (RMU) was awarded a five-year grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to fund scholarships to 21 academically talented but financially challenged students majoring in the disciplines of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Each…

Kalevitch, Maria; Maurer, Cheryl; Badger, Paul; Holdan, Greg; Iannelli, Joe; Sirinterlikci, Arif; Semich, George; Bernauer, James

2012-01-01

67

U of M students and staff share the excitement of STEM subjects with middle and high school students  

E-print Network

U of M students and staff share the excitement of STEM subjects with middle and high school team was able to introduce science and engineering concepts and projects to Circle of Life high school, and let the high school students explore. This year's projects included making Silly Putty, crystals, ice

Amin, S. Massoud

68

Female and Male Adolescents' Subjective Orientations to Mathematics and the Influence of Those Orientations on Postsecondary Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although important strides toward gender parity have been made in several scientific fields, women remain underrepresented in the physical sciences, engineering, mathematics, and computer sciences (PEMCs). This study examines the effects of adolescents' subjective orientations, course taking, and academic performance on the likelihood of majoring…

Perez-Felkner, Lara; McDonald, Sarah-Kathryn; Schneider, Barbara; Grogan, Erin

2012-01-01

69

Mathematical model of adult stem cell regeneration with cross-talk between genetic and epigenetic regulation.  

PubMed

Adult stem cells, which exist throughout the body, multiply by cell division to replenish dying cells or to promote regeneration to repair damaged tissues. To perform these functions during the lifetime of organs or tissues, stem cells need to maintain their populations in a faithful distribution of their epigenetic states, which are susceptible to stochastic fluctuations during each cell division, unexpected injury, and potential genetic mutations that occur during many cell divisions. However, it remains unclear how the three processes of differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis in regulating stem cells collectively manage these challenging tasks. Here, without considering molecular details, we propose a genetic optimal control model for adult stem cell regeneration that includes the three fundamental processes, along with cell division and adaptation based on differential fitnesses of phenotypes. In the model, stem cells with a distribution of epigenetic states are required to maximize expected performance after each cell division. We show that heterogeneous proliferation that depends on the epigenetic states of stem cells can improve the maintenance of stem cell distributions to create balanced populations. A control strategy during each cell division leads to a feedback mechanism involving heterogeneous proliferation that can accelerate regeneration with less fluctuation in the stem cell population. When mutation is allowed, apoptosis evolves to maximize the performance during homeostasis after multiple cell divisions. The overall results highlight the importance of cross-talk between genetic and epigenetic regulation and the performance objectives during homeostasis in shaping a desirable heterogeneous distribution of stem cells in epigenetic states. PMID:24501127

Lei, Jinzhi; Levin, Simon A; Nie, Qing

2014-03-11

70

Evaluation of a Web Based Mathematics Teaching Material on the Subject of Functions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to develop a web-based mathematics teaching (WBMT) material and to evaluate the effectiveness of the WBMT material for 9th grade students learning the concept of mathematical function. Firstly, a WBMT material was designed and piloted. As a result of this pilot study the site was revised as a final form. The study was…

Baki, A.; Guveli, E.

2008-01-01

71

Evaluation of a web based mathematics teaching material on the subject of functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study is to develop a web-based mathematics teaching (WBMT) material and to evaluate the effectiveness of the WBMT material for 9th grade students learning the concept of mathematical function. Firstly, a WBMT material was designed and piloted. As a result of this pilot study the site was revised as a final form. The study was conducted

Adnan Baki; Ebru Güveli

2008-01-01

72

Mathematical Modelling at Secondary School: The MACSI-Clongowes Wood College Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Ireland, to encourage the study of STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) subjects and particularly mathematics, the Mathematics Applications Consortium for Science and Industry (MACSI) and Clongowes Wood College (County Kildare, Ireland) organized a mathematical modelling workshop for senior cycle secondary school students.…

Charpin, J. P. F.; O'Hara, S.; Mackey, D.

2013-01-01

73

When Technology and Design Education Is Inhibited by Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the attitude to Mathematics of B.Ed. (Post-primary) Technology and Design student teachers, in Northern Ireland, and is located within the context of "STEM" (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics). The aim of the research is to consider whether students' attitude to Mathematics is different when the subject content…

Gibson, Ken S.; Bell, Irene

2011-01-01

74

STEM crisis or STEM surplus?  

E-print Network

The science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce is a crucial driver of the U.S. economy. Over the last decade, there has been significant concern regarding the adequacy of the supply of STEM workers ...

Xue, Yi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01

75

Subjective Questions and Answers for a Mathematics Instructor of Higher Education  

E-print Network

This article of mathematical education reflects author's experience with job applications and teaching methods and procedures to employ in the American Higher Education. It is organized as a standard questionnaire.

Florentin Smarandache

2007-05-12

76

Stems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some mature plants can produce new plants by cutting a piece of stem off of the original plant. Most members of the mint family and ivy family can do this readily. The new plant will grow its own root system.

Olivia Worland (Purdue University;Biological Sciences)

2008-06-03

77

The Impact of STEM PBL Teacher Professional Development on Student Mathematics Achievement in High Schools  

E-print Network

modeling showed that low performing students showed statistically significantly higher growth rates on mathematics scores than high and middle performing students, over the three years. In addition, student‘s ethnicity and economic status were good...

Han, Sun Young

2013-05-20

78

Relationship of inquiry-based learning elements on changes in middle school students' science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (stem) beliefs and interests  

E-print Network

of American young people entering post-secondary training and professional careers in STEM areas (NSTC, 2000). To reverse the negative trend, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) looks for new, improved methods to reform education so... achievement are continually being increased to correct low science literacy and performance scores and counter the persistent negative attitude trend of students. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) actively seeks educational reforms...

Degenhart, Heather Shannon

2009-05-15

79

Women into Science and Engineering? Gendered Participation in Higher Education STEM Subjects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers gendered patterns of participation in post-compulsory STEM education. It examines the trajectory of learning that takes students from A-level qualifications, through undergraduate work and into employment or further study. It also uses a long-term view to look at the best available evidence to monitor participation and…

Smith, Emma

2011-01-01

80

Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The product of a Special Studies Institute, this teacher developed resource guide for the emotionally handicapped (K-6) presents 37 activities designed to develop mathematics concepts and skills utilizing the urban out-of-doors. Focus is on experiencing math models, patterns, problems, and relationships found in an urban environment. Activities…

Costellano, Janet; Scaffa, Matthew

81

Funding Opportunity: NSF Scholarships in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (S-STEM)  

E-print Network

Funding Opportunity: NSF Scholarships in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (S, mentoring and supporting students through degree completion, and partnering with employers to facilitate. Project Impact If more than one (1) proposal is received, from each constituent/school the Vice President

Suzuki, Masatsugu

82

Advancing K-8 Teachers' STEM Education for Teaching Interdisciplinary Science and Mathematics with Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This primarily online Master's degree program focused on advancing K-8 teachers' interdisciplinary mathematical and science content knowledge while integrating appropriate digital technologies as learning and teaching tools. The mixed-method, interpretive study examined in-service teachers' technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge (TPACK)…

Niess, Margaret; Gillow-Wiles, Henry

2013-01-01

83

At a time when other nations are increasingly developing and retaining their own science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) talent, it is critical that the United States develops its own globally  

E-print Network

their own science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) talent, it is critical that the United States develops its own globally competitive, domestic STEM talent in order to ensure future scientific and technological leadership. Although women comprise a significant and growing fraction of the U.S. STEM talent

Feschotte, Cedric

84

Focusing on Challenging Content and Practical Applications in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Studies in Middle Grades Schools, High Schools and Technology Centers. High Schools That Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools that give students access to STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) studies are accomplishing several objectives: introducing students to higher-level academic and career studies, expanding project-based learning in the curriculum, enticing students to remain in school until graduation, and preparing students for…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2012

2012-01-01

85

Multi-finger coordination in healthy subjects and stroke patients: a mathematical modelling approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Approximately 60% of stroke survivors experience hand dysfunction limiting execution of daily activities. Several methods\\u000a have been proposed to objectively quantify fingers' joints range of motion (ROM), while few studies exist about multi-finger\\u000a coordination during hand movements. The present work analysed this aspect, by providing a complete characterization of spatial\\u000a and temporal aspects of hand movement, through the mathematical modelling

Ilaria Carpinella; Johanna Jonsdottir; Maurizio Ferrarin

2011-01-01

86

Nutraceutical augmentation of circulating endothelial progenitor cells and hematopoietic stem cells in human subjects  

PubMed Central

The medical significance of circulating endothelial or hematopoietic progenitors is becoming increasing recognized. While therapeutic augmentation of circulating progenitor cells using G-CSF has resulted in promising preclinical and early clinical data for several degenerative conditions, this approach is limited by cost and inability to perform chronic administration. Stem-Kine is a food supplement that was previously reported to augment circulating EPC in a pilot study. Here we report a trial in 18 healthy volunteers administered Stem-Kine twice daily for a 2 week period. Significant increases in circulating CD133 and CD34 cells were observed at days 1, 2, 7, and 14 subsequent to initiation of administration, which correlated with increased hematopoietic progenitors as detected by the HALO assay. Augmentation of EPC numbers in circulation was detected by KDR-1/CD34 staining and colony forming assays. These data suggest Stem-Kine supplementation may be useful as a stimulator of reparative processes associated with mobilization of hematopoietic and endothelial progenitors. PMID:20377846

2010-01-01

87

Mathematics Underground  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical modeling of groundwater flow is a topic at the intersection of mathematics and geohydrology and is rarely encountered in undergraduate mathematics. However, this subject is full of interesting and meaningful examples of truly "applied" mathematics accessible to undergraduates, from the pre-calculus to advanced mathematics levels. This…

Luther, Kenneth H.

2012-01-01

88

Comparison of infrapatellar and subcutaneous adipose tissue stromal vascular fraction and stromal/stem cells in osteoarthritic subjects.  

PubMed

Since inflammatory mechanisms have been postulated to link obesity to osteoarthritis, the current study evaluated the ratio of immune cells to multipotent stromal cells within the infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SQ) of the knee; each depot has potential as a source of regenerative cells. The immunophenotypes of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) of the IPFP and SQ were determined in tissues from osteoarthritic subjects (n?=?7) undergoing total knee replacement. Based on a subset of surface antigens, the immunophenotype of ASCs from SQ of OA subjects was not significantly different from that of relatively healthy and leaner subjects undergoing elective liposuction surgery. Flow-cytometry comparison of SVF cell populations in the IPFP of OA subjects resembled those within the subject's own matched SQ, with the exception of the endothelial marker CD31(+) , which was significantly greater in cells from SQ. In the OA subjects, lower numbers of capillary-like structures and higher numbers of stromal and alkaline phosphatase colony-forming units in the IPFP vs SQ were consistent with this finding; however, ASCs from both depots in OA subjects exhibited comparable adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation potential. Thus, the IPFP contains an ASC and immune cell population similar to that of donor-matched SQ, making it an alternative ASC source for tissue regeneration. Further studies will be needed to determine whether IPFP immune cell infiltrates play an aetiological role in osteoarthritis equivalent to that shown in diabetes associated with obesity. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:22807102

Pires de Carvalho, Pedro; Hamel, Katie M; Duarte, Robert; King, Andrew G S; Haque, Masudul; Dietrich, Marilyn A; Wu, Xiying; Shah, Forum; Burk, David; Reis, Rui L; Rood, Jennifer; Zhang, Ping; Lopez, Mandi; Gimble, Jeffrey M; Dasa, Vinod

2014-10-01

89

Teacher leadership in mathematics and science: Subject content knowledge and the improvement of instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the role of teacher leader subject content knowledge in the promotion of professional development and instructional reform. Consistent with a distributed leadership perspective, many have asserted that the promotion of school effectiveness can be enhanced through the application of teacher leadership (Frost & Durrant, 2003; Harris, 2002a; Sherrill, 1999; Silva, Gimbert, & Nolan, 2000; York-Barr & Duke,

Christopher M. Manno

2006-01-01

90

1-,2-,3-e - Engaging All Exceptional Students in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are more than 50 million Americans with disabilities, approximately half of whom are students in a mainstreamed classroom. The National Association for Gifted Children estimates that approximately 3 million of those, 6% of the student population, are academically gifted, and 150,000 - 300,000 students of those are twice or triple exceptional (2e and 3e, respectively). The 2e and 3e refers to intellectually gifted children who also have some form(s) of disability. Unfortunately most schools in the US identify children by their giftedness or by their disability, but rarely by both. An apparent trend with 2e children, particularly when autism is paired with gifted, is that students identify with their disability instead of their strengths. 2e students have shown a propensity for interests in the science and technology fields. Few specialized programs and/or resources in STEM exist to engage and involve these exceptional students and fewer still is the number of faculty and staff trained to work with the twice and triple exceptionalities. Palmetto Scholars Academy (PSA), Charleston, SC a school for gifted and talented, provides a differentiated program to meet the educational needs of gifted learners, while also addressing the students' social/emotional needs. The Brown/MIT NASA Lunar Science Institute, in conjunction with the NASA South Carolina Space Grant Consortium, is working directly with educators from the PSA to identify what kinds of materials they need and what mediums work best for the different student (cap)abilities. This partnership will provide a means of 'consciousness raising' for teachers to help students develop their strengths and educators will gain a new understanding of 2e and 3e that will transfer into better instruction. One technique being implemented is the use of STEM-oriented engineering and technology design challenges and problem solving. These tasks allow students to use a variety of integrative and multi-disciplinary skills for solving open-ended problems either by themselves or in small groups. Not only do such activities simulate real-world scenarios but they also provide opportunities for independent learning. Further, using design-based approaches for instruction enhances students' academic abilities, opens their minds to innovative and transformative ideas, and increases their self-esteem and confidence in STEM. To ensure that our results reach a broader audience we are sharing lessons learned from our collaborative efforts with NASA product developers and personnel. In addition to making modifications and suggestions for adaptations, many simple recommendations that can help ALL learners participate more readily in classroom STEM activities and discussions include: 1) Use of simple, sans-serif fonts and high contrast presentation media (e.g., white text on black is most effective); 2) Repetition and use of multiple presentation modes; 3) Actively involving the learner, and 4) Keeping the audience, the ultimate user, in mind at all times when developing and sharing content.

Runyon, C. R.; Hall, C.; Baber, M.

2013-12-01

91

An Examination of the Effects of Collaborative Scientific Visualization via Model-based Reasoning on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Learning Within an Immersive 3D World  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Immersive 3D worlds can be designed to effectively engage students in peer-to-peer collaborative learning activities, supported by scientific visualization, to help with understanding complex concepts associated with learning science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Previous research studies have shown STEM learning benefits associated with the use of scientific visualization tools involving model-based reasoning (MBR). Little is known, however, about collaborative use of scientific visualization, via MBR, within an immersive 3D-world learning environment for helping to improve perceived value of STEM learning and knowledge acquisition in a targeted domain such as geothermal energy. Geothermal energy was selected as the study's STEM focus, because understanding in the domain is highly dependent on successfully integrating science and mathematics concepts. This study used a 2x2 Mixed ANOVA, with repeated measures, design to analyze collaborative usage of a geothermal energy MBR model and its effects on learning within an immersive 3D world. The immersive 3D world used for the study is supported by the Open Simulator platform. Findings from this study can suggest ways to improve STEM learning and inform the design of MBR activities when conducted within an immersive 3D world.

Soleimani, Ali

92

Mathematical Mathematical  

E-print Network

2. Basic Notions of Mathematical Logic 2­1 Part 2: Basic Notions of Mathematical Logic References://www.ida.liu.se/â?ťulfni/lpp] Stefan Brass: Datenbanken I UniversitË? at Halle, 2004 2. Basic Notions of Mathematical Logic 2: Datenbanken I UniversitË? at Halle, 2004 2. Basic Notions of Mathematical Logic 2­3 Overview 1. Introduction

Brass, Stefan

93

A Pathway to STEM Education: Investigating Pre-Service Mathematics and Science Teachers at Turkish Universities in Terms of Their Understanding of Mathematics Used in Science  

E-print Network

Association (SSMA), National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and NRC provided leadership to in-service and pre- service mathematics and science teachers so that more students would have...

Corlu, Mehmet

2012-07-16

94

A novel mathematical model of activation and sensitization of platelets subjected to dynamic stress histories  

PubMed Central

Blood recirculating devices, such as ventricular assist devices and prosthetic heart valves, are burdened by thromboembolic complications requiring complex and lifelong anticoagulant therapy with its inherent hemorrhagic risks. Pathologic flow patterns occurring in such devices chronically activate platelets, and the optimization of their thrombogenic performance requires the development of flow-induced platelet activation models. However, existing models are based on empirical correlations using the well-established power law paradigm of constant levels of shear stress during certain exposure times as factors for mechanical platelet activation. These models are limited by their range of application and do not account for other relevant phenomena, such as loading rate dependence and platelet sensitization to high stress conditions, which characterize the dynamic flow conditions in devices. These limitations were addressed by developing a new class of phenomenological stress-induced platelet activation models that specifies the rate of platelet activation as a function of the entire stress history and results in a differential equation that can be directly integrated to calculate the cumulative levels of activation. The proposed model reverts to the power law under constant shear stress conditions and is able to describe experimental results in response to a diverse range of highly dynamic stress conditions found in blood recirculating devices. The model was tested in vitro under emulated device flow conditions and correlates well with experimental results. This new model provides a reliable and robust mathematical tool that can be incorporated into computational fluid dynamic studies in order to optimize design, with the goal of improving the thrombogenic performance of blood recirculating devices. PMID:23359062

Soares, Joao S.; Sheriff, Jawaad

2013-01-01

95

Gender Differences in Self-Efficacy and Sense of Class and School Belonging for Majors in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research into women's underrepresentation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines has become a topic of interest due to the increasing need for employees with technical expertise and a shortage of individuals to fill STEM jobs. The discrepancy in women's representation between STEM and other fields cannot adequately be explained by factors such as women's need to balance work and family (medicine and law are both extremely demanding careers), women's fear of competition (admissions into medical and law schools are highly competitive), or women's inability to excel in science (e.g., entry into medicine requires excellent achievement in the basic sciences). The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of the role and/or impact a sense of belonging has inside and outside of STEM classrooms. Research questions focused on the role and/or impact of belonging contributes to students' self-efficacy beliefs as a STEM major. Bandura's self-efficacy theory serves as the theoretical framework. Data sources include close-ended surveys of 200 sophomore- and junior-level college students majoring in a STEM discipline. A quantitative exploratory approach allowed participants' responses to be analyzed using both correlation and multiple regression analyses to understand whether a student's sense of belonging is associated with his or her self-efficacy beliefs. Findings suggested that positive support systems impact students' self-efficacy and play a role in fostering students' motivation and decision to major in STEM disciplines. This study contributes to positive social change by providing empirical evidence faculty and administrators may use to promote university-based STEM support programs reflecting the impact belonging has on students' self-efficacy and potentially increasing the number of students majoring in STEM disciplines.

Hogue, Barbara A.

96

Mathematical modelling of the action potential of human embryonic stem cell derived cardiomyocytes  

PubMed Central

Background Human embryonic stem cell derived cardiomyocytes (hESC-CMs) hold high potential for basic and applied cardiovascular research. The development of a reliable simulation platform able to mimic the functional properties of hESC-CMs would be of considerable value to perform preliminary test complementing in vitro experimentations. Methods We developed the first computational model of hESC-CM action potential by integrating our original electrophysiological recordings of transient-outward, funny, and sodium-calcium exchanger currents and data derived from literature on sodium, calcium and potassium currents in hESC-CMs. Results The model is able to reproduce basal electrophysiological properties of hESC-CMs at 15 40 days of differentiation (Early stage). Moreover, the model reproduces the modifications occurring through the transition from Early to Late developmental stage (50-110, days of differentiation). After simulated blockade of ionic channels and pumps of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, Ca2+ transient amplitude was decreased by 12% and 33% in Early and Late stage, respectively, suggesting a growing contribution of a functional reticulum during maturation. Finally, as a proof of concept, we tested the effects induced by prototypical channel blockers, namely E4031 and nickel, and their qualitative reproduction by the model. Conclusions This study provides a novel modelling tool that may serve useful to investigate physiological properties of hESC-CMs. PMID:22929020

2012-01-01

97

Mathematical learning instruction and teacher motivation factors affecting science technology engineering and math (STEM) major choices in 4-year colleges and universities: Multilevel structural equation modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002/06, this study examined the effects of the selected mathematical learning and teacher motivation factors on graduates' science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) related major choices in 4-year colleges and universities, as mediated by math performance and math self-efficacy. Using multilevel structural equation modeling, I analyzed: (1) the association between mathematical learning instruction factors (i.e., computer, individual, and lecture-based learning activities in mathematics) and students' STEM major choices in 4-year colleges and universities as mediated by math performance and math self-efficacy and (2) the association between school factor, teacher motivation and students' STEM major choices in 4-year colleges and universities via mediators of math performance and math self-efficacy. The results revealed that among the selected learning experience factors, computer-based learning activities in math classrooms yielded the most positive effects on math self-efficacy, which significantly predicted the increase in the proportion of students' STEM major choice as mediated by math self-efficacy. Further, when controlling for base-year math Item Response Theory (IRT) scores, a positive relationship between individual-based learning activities in math classrooms and the first follow-up math IRT scores emerged, which related to the high proportion of students' STEM major choices. The results also indicated that individual and lecture-based learning activities in math yielded positive effects on math self-efficacy, which related to STEM major choice. Concerning between-school levels, teacher motivation yielded positive effects on the first follow up math IRT score, when controlling for base year IRT score. The results from this study inform educators, parents, and policy makers on how mathematics instruction can improve student math performance and encourage more students to prepare for STEM careers. Students should receive all possible opportunities to use computers to enhance their math self-efficacy, be encouraged to review math materials, and concentrate on listening to math teachers' lectures. While all selected math-learning activities should be embraced in math instruction, computer and individual-based learning activities, which reflect student-driven learning, should be emphasized in the high school instruction. Likewise, students should be encouraged to frequently engage in individual-based learning activities to improve their math performance.

Lee, Ahlam

98

A New Era of Science Education: Science Teachers' Perceptions and Classroom Practices of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Integration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quality STEM education is the key in helping the United States maintain its lead in global competitiveness and in preparing for new economic and security challenges in the future. Policymakers and professional societies emphasize STEM education by legislating the addition of engineering standards to the existing science standards. On the other hand, the nature of the work of most STEM professionals requires people to actively apply STEM knowledge to make critical decisions. Therefore, using an integrated approach to teaching STEM in K-12 is expected. However, science teachers encounter numerous difficulties in adapting the new STEM integration reforms into their classrooms because of a lack of knowledge and experience. Therefore, high quality STEM integration professional development programs are an urgent necessity. In order to provide these high quality programs, it is important to understand teachers' perceptions and classroom practices regarding STEM integration. A multiple-case study was conducted with five secondary school science teachers in order to gain a better understanding of teachers' perceptions and classroom practices in using STEM integration. This study addresses the following research questions: 1) What are secondary school science teachers' practices of STEM integration? 2) What are secondary science teachers' overall perceptions of STEM integration? and 3) What is the connection between secondary science teachers' perceptions and understanding of STEM integration with their classroom practices? This research aims to explore teachers' perceptions and classroom practices in order to set up the baseline for STEM integration and also to determine STEM integration professional development best practices in science education. Findings from the study provide critical data for making informed decision about the direction for STEM integration in science education in K-12.

Wang, Hui-Hui

99

On Semiotics and Subjectivity: A Response to Tony Brown's "Signifying 'Students', 'Teachers', and 'Mathematics' -- A Reading of a Special Issue"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this response we address some of the significant issues that Tony Brown raised in his analysis and critique of the Special Issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" on "Semiotic perspectives in mathematics education" (Saenz-Ludlow & Presmeg, Educational Studies in Mathematics 61(1-2), 2006). Among these issues are conceptualizations of…

Presmeg, Norma; Radford, Luis

2008-01-01

100

Development and validation of two learning outcome measures: 'Disposition to enter HE' and 'disposition to study mathematically demanding subjects in HE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to describe and validate the development of two measures constructed to measure AS students disposition (i) to enter HE and (ii) to further study mathematically-demanding subjects, which we regard as potentially significant variables in monitoring or even explaining students progress in to different studies in HE. The items for the scale were constructed on

Julian Williams; Maria Pampaka; Pauline Davis; Paul Hernandez-Martinez

101

STEM Career  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many groups and organizations in the United States working to encourage young people to enter STEM-related careers, and this website represents one of those endeavors. The STEM Career website was created by Professor Rich Feller of Colorado State University to help encourage young people to select just such a career path. The website contains updates on STEM career possibilities, and basic answers to questions like "Why STEM?" and "Why STEM Centric Career Development?" Visitors should also scan through the "STEM Disciplines" area on the homepage, as it contains resources about the job outlook for related STEM disciplines, such as biochemical engineering and engineering managers. Moving on, the site also features news updates from Professor Feller and his colleagues on subjects that include the ways in which corporations are promoting STEM education and women in STEM.

102

A Review of Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM) Education Research from 1999-2013: A Malaysian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore the research base of STEM education in Malaysia through an analysis review of articles for a 14-year period, from 1999 to 2013. The research base review focuses on identifying four characteristics of STEM education: a) temporal distribution, b) the research areas involved in each discipline, c) the types of…

Jayarajah, Kamaleswaran; Saat, Rohaida Mohd; Rauf, Rose Amnah Abdul

2014-01-01

103

Measuring the Ways Significant Persons Influence Attitudes Towards Science and Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people's attitudes towards science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are subject to interpersonal influence of significant persons—defined as those who influence a person's attitudes. This article presents the development of an instrument designed to measure different modes of significant persons’ influence on attitudes towards STEM. The questionnaire used in the pilot study was compiled based on Woelfel and Haller's

Jřrgen Sjaastad

2012-01-01

104

Cultivating Early STEM Learners: An Analysis of Mastery Classroom Instructional Practices, Motivation, and Mathematics Achievement in Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the 2006 Program for International Assessment (PISA), the United States is behind their international counterparts in the areas of mathematics and science. (Darling-Hammond, 2010). The Unites States is at a critical point in developing future leaders in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. In preparing students for a…

Ricks, Elizabeth Danielle

2012-01-01

105

Activities of starch hydrolytic enzymes and sucrose-phosphate synthase in the stems of rice subjected to water stress during grain filling  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand the effect of water stress on the remobilization of prestored carbon reserves, the changes in the activities of starch hydrolytic enzymes and sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS) in the stems of rice (Oryza sativa L.) during grain filling were investigated. Two rice cultivars, showing high lodging-resistance and slow remobilization, were grown in the field and subjected to well-watered (WW, ysoil

Jianchang Yang; Jianhua Zhang; Zhiqing Wang; Qingsen Zhu

2001-01-01

106

Differential Expression of Copper-Zinc Superoxide Dismutase Gene of Polygonum sibiricum Leaves, Stems and Underground Stems, Subjected to High-Salt Stress  

PubMed Central

In aerobic organisms, protection against oxidative damage involves the combined action of highly specialized antioxidant enzymes, such as copper-zinc superoxide dismutase. In this work, a cDNA clone which encodes a copper-zinc superoxide dismutase gene, named PS-CuZnSOD, has been identified from P. sibiricum Laxm. by the rapid amplification of cDNA ends method (RACE). Analysis of the nucleotide sequence reveals that the PS-CuZnSOD gene cDNA clone consists of 669 bp, containing 87 bp in the 5? untranslated region; 459 bp in the open reading frame (ORF) encoding 152 amino acids; and 123 bp in 3? untranslated region. The gene accession nucleotide sequence number in GenBank is GQ472846. Sequence analysis indicates that the protein, like most plant superoxide dismutases (SOD), includes two conserved ecCuZnSOD signatures that are from the amino acids 43 to 51, and from the amino acids 137 to 148, and it has a signal peptide extension in the front of the N-terminus (1–16 aa). Expression analysis by real-time quantitative PCR reveals that the PS-CuZnSOD gene is expressed in leaves, stems and underground stems. PS-CuZnSOD gene expression can be induced by 3% NaHCO3. The different mRNA levels’ expression of PS-CuZnSOD show the gene’s different expression modes in leaves, stems and underground stems under the salinity-alkalinity stress. PMID:21614204

Qu, Chun-Pu; Xu, Zhi-Ru; Liu, Guan-Jun; Liu, Chun; Li, Yang; Wei, Zhi-Gang; Liu, Gui-Feng

2010-01-01

107

Spots and stripes: Pleomorphic patterning of stem cells via p-ERK-dependent cell-chemotaxis shown by feather morphogenesis and mathematical simulation  

PubMed Central

Summary A key issue in stem cell biology is the differentiation of homogeneous stem cells towards different fates which are also organized into desired configurations. Little is known about the mechanisms underlying the process of periodic patterning. Feather explants offer a fundamental and testable model in which multi-potential cells are organized into hexagonally arranged primordia and the spacing between primordia. Previous work explored roles of a Turing reaction-diffusion mechanism in establishing chemical patterns. Here we show that a continuum of feather patterns, ranging from stripes to spots, can be obtained when the level of p-ERK activity is adjusted with chemical inhibitors. The patterns are dose-dependent, tissue stage-dependent, and irreversible. Analyses show ERK-activity-dependent mesenchymal cell chemotaxis is essential for converting micro-signaling centers into stable feather primordia. A mathematical model based on short-range activation, long-range inhibition, and cell chemotaxis is developed and shown to simulate observed experimental results. This generic cell behavior model can be applied to model stem cell patterning behavior at large. PMID:19647731

Lin, Chih-Min; Jiang, Ting Xin; Baker, Ruth E.; Maini, Philip K.; Widelitz, Randall B.; Chuong, Cheng-Ming

2009-01-01

108

AN ANALYSIS OF A WEB FORUM IN DISTANCE AND FACE TO FACE TEACHING OF A FIRST YEAR MATHEMATICS SUBJECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost all of the subjects taught at Charles Sturt University (CSU) are supported with electronic communications. The electronic communication facilities provide students with communication tools such as direct e-mail to the subject lecturer and a subject web forum to enhanc e student -student-lecturer communication and, hence, learning. In this paper, we discuss the benefits of a subject web forum for

Irfan ALTAS; John LOUIS

109

Gender Differences in the Influence of Early Perceived Parental Support on Student Mathematics and Science Achievement and STEM Career Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lack of females entering STEM careers is well documented. Reasons for the gender gaps at all stages of the educational pipeline include both internal factors such as self-concept and external factors such as the influence of parents, media, and educators. Using latent growth curve analysis and nationally representative longitudinal survey…

Ing, Marsha

2014-01-01

110

Making the Connection: The Impact of Support Systems on Female Transfer Students in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The availability of student support systems and mentee-mentor relationships provide effective ways to increase the representation of women in STEM areas (Creamer & Laughlin, 2005). Support systems allow students the opportunity to engage in discussion and activities with individuals, including family, faculty, staff, or administrators with…

Jackson, Dimitra L.

2013-01-01

111

Impact of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research in Mathematics and Biology on the Development of a New Course Integrating Five STEM Disciplines  

PubMed Central

Funded by innovative programs at the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Richmond faculty in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and computer science teamed up to offer first- and second-year students the opportunity to contribute to vibrant, interdisciplinary research projects. The result was not only good science but also good science that motivated and informed course development. Here, we describe four recent undergraduate research projects involving students and faculty in biology, physics, mathematics, and computer science and how each contributed in significant ways to the conception and implementation of our new Integrated Quantitative Science course, a course for first-year students that integrates the material in the first course of the major in each of biology, chemistry, mathematics, computer science, and physics. PMID:20810953

Caudill, Lester; Hill, April; Lipan, Ovidiu

2010-01-01

112

Mathematical models of marrow cell kinetics: Differential effect of protracted irradiations on stromal and stem cells in mice  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes comparisons between the authors' results (from maximum-likelihood estimation techniques for cellular damage, repair, and compensatory repopulation) and published experimental data on marrow stromal cells. After biophysical consideration of the rate constants that were derived by maximizing the likelihood function (a consideration necessary to extend the model to cell populations not indicated by the model as [open quotes]critical[close quotes] for recovery), the rate constants for cellular damage to stem cells are fitted to experimental data. Rate constants for repair and proliferation of stem cells are assigned based on published data on repair/proliferation halftimes, and these assignments affect the evaluation of the rate constants for cellular damage. From the two models, that is one for [open quotes]critical[close quotes] cells (having radiosensitive and repopulation characteristics similar to stromal cells) and another for stem cells, effects on two cell populations of different radiosensitivities and repopulation rates can be demonstrated for complex schedules of protracted irradiations which could reduce either cell population below a critical need for marrow repopulation. Analysis of animal mortality data has indicated that recovery of an animal from potentially lethal irradiation is dominantly by cells with survival and repopulation characteristics similar to those of stroma cells. In contrast to the surviving fraction of hematopoietic stem cells, it appears that the probability of an animal's recovery is high if the [open quotes]critical[close quotes] population of cells is above 1% (our [open quotes]best[close quotes] maximum likelihood estimate, from mouse data, with the corresponding lower confidence bound at about 0.2%). Of course, a few stem cells-perhaps only one-must maintain a potential for repopulation of blood and marrow. 83 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Jones, T.D.; Morris, M.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Young, R.W. (Defense Nuclear Agency, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-08-01

113

Impact of Adaptive Materials on Teachers and Their Students with Visual Impairments in Secondary Science and Mathematics Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, important in today's world, are underrepresented by students with disabilities. Students with visual impairments, although cognitively similar to sighted peers, face challenges as STEM subjects are often taught using visuals. They need alternative forms of access such as enlarged or…

Rule, Audrey C.; Stefanich, Greg P.; Boody, Robert M.; Peiffer, Belinda

2011-01-01

114

Impact of Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research in Mathematics and Biology on the Development of a New Course Integrating Five STEM Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Funded by innovative programs at the National Science Foundation and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Richmond faculty in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and computer science teamed up to offer first- and second-year students the opportunity to contribute to vibrant, interdisciplinary research projects. The result was…

Caudill, Lester; Hill, April; Hoke, Kathy; Lipan, Ovidiu

2010-01-01

115

Two MagLab leaders, Dr. Dragana Popovic and Dr. Roxanne Hughes, have had chapters published in two separate books about advancing participation of women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematical (STEM) fields.  

E-print Network

separate books about advancing participation of women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematical book Alliances for Advancing Academic Women: Guidelines Diversity Expertise at the MagLab: Book Chapters Published by MagLab Authors on Advancing Participation of Women in STEM Fields. National High

McQuade, D. Tyler

116

Germany as a Study Abroad Destination of U.S. Students in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the 205,000 U.S. students abroad during the 2004-2005 academic year, only 6,557 or slightly more than 3% of them studied in Germany. The Ohio Alliance reports that only 13% of all U.S. students who studied abroad during the 2004-2005 academic year were from the STEM fields of study. The Institute of International Education Open Doors Report,…

Comp, David

2010-01-01

117

Teachers' Subject Matter Knowledge as a Teacher Qualification: A Synthesis of the Quantitative Literature on Students' Mathematics Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to examine a variety of features of research that might account for mixed findings of the relationship between teachers' subject matter knowledge and student achievement based on meta-analytic technique. Of several variables that might contribute to inconsistencies and variations in study findings, three features of…

Ahn, Soyeon; Choi, Jinyoung

2004-01-01

118

Self-Efficacy Beliefs Mediate the Relationship between Subjective Cognitive Functioning and Physical and Mental Well-Being after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant  

PubMed Central

Objective Cognitive problems are commonly reported by hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) survivors, and are associated with poorer physical and mental well-being. It was hypothesized that adverse effects of subjective cognitive impairment occur because cognitive difficulties reduce survivors’ confidence that they can manage HSCT-related symptoms—that is, self-efficacy for symptom management. Methods HSCT survivors (n = 245) 9-months to 3-years post-HSCT completed measures of subjective cognitive functioning, self-efficacy for symptom management, and clinically important outcomes: depressed mood, anxiety, and quality of life. Mediation analyses using bootstrapping were conducted to investigate whether effects of subjective cognitive impairment on these outcomes were mediated by self-efficacy for cognitive (SE-Cognitive), emotional (SE-Emotional), social (SE-Social), and physical (SE-Physical) symptom management. Results Self-efficacy mediated relations between subjective cognitive impairment and depressed mood (total indirect effect = ?.0064 and 95% confidence interval [CI] ?.0097 to ?.0036), anxiety (total indirect effect = ?.0045, CI ?.0072 to ?.0021), and quality of life (total indirect effect = .0952, CI .0901 to .2642). SE-Emotional was a unique mediator when the outcome was depressed mood and anxiety. SE-Social, SE-Physical and SE-Emotional were specific mediators when outcome was quality of life. Conclusions Findings support the conclusion that subjective cognitive impairment reduces HSCT survivors’ confidence in their ability to manage common post-HSCT symptoms, with implications for physical and mental well-being. Interventions that help enhance survivors’ self-efficacy are likely to benefit HSCT survivors who report subjective cognitive impairment. PMID:21739524

Wu, Lisa M.; Austin, Jane; Hamilton, Jada G.; Isola, Luis; Rowley, Scott; Warbet, Rachel; Winkel, Gary; Redd, William H.; Rini, Christine

2013-01-01

119

The Bayer Facts of Science Education XVI: "US STEM Workforce Shortage--Myth or Reality? Fortune 1000 Talent Recruiters on the Debate"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major debate is currently underway in the USA about whether there is, in fact, a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) workforce shortage in the country or not. This is the subject of the "Bayer Facts of Science Education XVI: US STEM Workforce Shortage--Myth or Reality? Fortune 1000 Talent Recruiters on the Debate."…

Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2014

2014-01-01

120

Mathematical modelling of adult hippocampal neurogenesis: effects of altered stem cell dynamics on cell counts and bromodeoxyuridine-labelled cells  

PubMed Central

In the adult hippocampus, neurogenesis—the process of generating mature granule cells from adult neural stem cells—occurs throughout the entire lifetime. In order to investigate the involved regulatory mechanisms, knockout (KO) experiments, which modify the dynamic behaviour of this process, were conducted in the past. Evaluating these KOs is a non-trivial task owing to the complicated nature of the hippocampal neurogenic niche. In this study, we model neurogenesis as a multicompartmental system of ordinary differential equations based on experimental data. To analyse the results of KO experiments, we investigate how changes of cell properties, reflected by model parameters, influence the dynamics of cell counts and of the experimentally observed counts of cells labelled by the cell division marker bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). We find that changing cell proliferation rates or the fraction of self-renewal, reflecting the balance between symmetric and asymmetric cell divisions, may result in multiple time phases in the response of the system, such as an initial increase in cell counts followed by a decrease. Furthermore, these phases may be qualitatively different in cells at different differentiation stages and even between mitotically labelled cells and all cells existing in the system. PMID:24598209

Ziebell, Frederik; Martin-Villalba, Ana; Marciniak-Czochra, Anna

2014-01-01

121

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-print Network

BachelorofScience Mathematics Calendar Year: 2004-2005 Faculty: Arts & Science What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777- 1855) described his subject:`Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences andArithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences

Seldin, Jonathan P.

122

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-print Network

BachelorofScience Mathematics Calendar Year: 2006-2007 Faculty: Arts & Science What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777- 1855) described his subject:"Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences andArithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences

Seldin, Jonathan P.

123

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-print Network

BachelorofScience Mathematics N a m e : ______________________________________ I DL website at www.uleth.ca/ross/ppgs/ppg.html What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777-1855) described his subject: "Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences and Arithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often

Seldin, Jonathan P.

124

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-print Network

BachelorofScience Mathematics Calendar Year: 2007/2008 Faculty: Arts & Science What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777- 1855) described his subject:"Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences andArithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences

Seldin, Jonathan P.

125

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-print Network

BachelorofScience Mathematics Calendar Year: 2005-2006 Faculty: Arts & Science What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777- 1855) described his subject:"Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences andArithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences

Seldin, Jonathan P.

126

BachelorofScience Mathematics  

E-print Network

BachelorofScience Mathematics Calendar Year: 2008/2009 Faculty: Arts & Science What is Mathematics? Carl F. Gauss (1777- 1855) described his subject:"Mathematics is the Queen of Sciences andArithmetic the Queen of Mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences

Seldin, Jonathan P.

127

Mathematics: Creativity, Imagination, Beauty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of current sentiment to the contrary, the wellsprings of mathematics are not utility and relevance, but creativity, imagination, and an appreciation of the beauty of the subject. This has implications for the teaching of mathematics. (PK)

Whitcombe, Allan

1988-01-01

128

The Virtual Mathematics Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Preprints and online journals from a wide variety of math and science organizations; Math video lectures; Online math dictionaries and encylopedias; mathematics courses, tutorials and databases; courses by subject; related mathematics information and databases.

Martindale, Jim.

2007-03-21

129

The Association between Mathematics Pedagogy and Learners' Dispositions for University Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We address the current concerns about teaching-to-the-test and its association with declining dispositions towards further study of mathematics and the consequences for choice of STEM subjects at university. In particular, through a mixed study including a large survey sample of over 1000 students and their teachers, and focussed qualitative case…

Pampaka, Maria; Williams, Julian; Hutcheson, Graeme; Wake, Geoff; Black, Laura; Davis, Pauline; Hernandez-Martinez, Paul

2012-01-01

130

Meeting the challenges of STEM education: teaching modeling and simulation with real-world applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a dire situation among American students in the public schools due to a lack of proficiency in science, technical, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) subjects. Interestingly, that lack of aptitude is now penetrating industry (research and development) and the workforce. This crisis is being addressed by many in the government and in the academic community who seek to meet

Catherine M. Banks; John A. Sokolowski

2010-01-01

131

Exploring Students' Perspectives of College STEM: An Analysis of Course Rating Websites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the crucial goals of higher education is building a scientifically literate citizenry. The science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) subject areas are indicated as good domains to develop knowledge and skills for becoming future leaders. However, previous research has indicated a constant decline in the number of American…

Chang, YunJeong; Park, Seung Won

2014-01-01

132

Factors that Influence Participation of Students in Secondary Science and Mathematics Subjects in IB Schools Outside of the United States and Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that affect the extent of international secondary students' participation in International Baccalaureate science and mathematics courses. The factors examined were gender, home region, size, percent host culture and age of the program, and coeducational and legal status of the school. Participation in math and science subjects was determined by analyzing the level and number of courses taken by students taking International Baccalaureate exams in 2010. Chi-Square and Cramer's V analysis were used to measure the effect of categorical variables on student participation and One-Way ANOVA and Bonferroni comparison of means were used to analyze the quantitative variables. All categorical variables were statistically significant (p<.01). Home region was the most important factor affecting participation in both math and science. Students from East, Southeast and South-Central Asia; and Eastern Europe have greater participation in math. The highest science participation came from students in East, Southern and Western Africa; and Southeast Asia. Top participators in science came from Australia/New Zealand, Northern Europe, East Africa and South-Central and Western Asia. State schools showed higher math and science participation. Science and math participation was also greater in all-male schools though associations were weak. Boys participated more than girls, especially in math. All quantitative variables were statistically significant. The program size had the largest effect size for both math and science with larger programs showing more participation at the higher level. A decreasing trend for age of the program and percent host culture was found for math participation. Three years of participation data were collected from an international school in Western Europe (n = 194). Variables included the influence of parent occupation, math preparedness (PSAT-Math), student achievement (GPA), and the importance of significant others in career and academic decisions. Findings indicate that performance on the PSAT- Math was the most important predictor of both science and mathematics participation. Twenty students were also interviewed. Results showed the importance of several key factors. These include the role of parents in student academic and career decisions, the importance of personal interest, and the contribution of early decisions in confidence-building.

Straffon, Elizabeth

133

Editor's Corner: STEM Beyond the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of our most important tasks as science educators is to encourage students to consider careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). So, how do we encourage more students to consider STEM careers? It is a multilayered problem, bu

Metz, Steve

2009-12-01

134

399Mathematics Mathematics  

E-print Network

399Mathematics Mathematics Kaprielian Hall 108 (213) 740-2400 FAX: (213) 740-2424 Email: mathinfo of Mathematics: Eric M. Friedlander, Ph.D. Professors: Kenneth Alexander, Ph.D.; Richard Arratia, Ph.D.; Peter The Department of Mathematics has designed its major to give students an under- standing of the several areas

Rohs, Remo

135

Unstable identity compatibility: how gender rejection sensitivity undermines the success of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields.  

PubMed

Although the perceived compatibility between one's gender and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) identities (gender-STEM compatibility) has been linked to women's success in STEM fields, no work to date has examined how the stability of identity over time contributes to subjective and objective STEM success. In the present study, 146 undergraduate female STEM majors rated their gender-STEM compatibility weekly during their freshman spring semester. STEM women higher in gender rejection sensitivity, or gender RS, a social-cognitive measure assessing the tendency to perceive social-identity threat, experienced larger fluctuations in gender-STEM compatibility across their second semester of college. Fluctuations in compatibility predicted impaired outcomes the following school year, including lower STEM engagement and lower academic performance in STEM (but not non-STEM) classes, and significantly mediated the relationship between gender RS and STEM engagement and achievement in the 2nd year of college. The week-to-week changes in gender-STEM compatibility occurred in response to negative academic (but not social) experiences. PMID:23818652

Ahlqvist, Sheana; London, Bonita; Rosenthal, Lisa

2013-09-01

136

Introduction to Mathematical Logic  

E-print Network

Introduction to Mathematical Logic Alonzo Church Logic is sometimes called the foundation Church was a pioneer in the field of mathematical logic,whose contributions to number theory Princeton book, Introduction to Mathematical Logic, de- fined its subject for a generation. Originally

Landweber, Laura

137

Does subject matter matter? Estimating the impact of instructional practices and resources on student achievement in science and mathematics: findings from TIMSS 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of selected classroom factors (the emphasis on a student-centred approach, the shortage of instructional resources and homework) on the science and mathematics achievement of Jordanian eighth graders using data from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study of 2007. The analytical model also included some student-level factors such as the highest level of parents'

Saed Sabah; Hind Hammouri

2010-01-01

138

"My favourite subject is maths. For some reason no-one really agrees with me": student perspectives of mathematics teaching and learning in the upper primary classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The levels of engagement in mathematics experienced by students during the middle years of schooling (Years 5 to 8 in New South Wales) has been of concern in Australia for some years. Lowered engagement in school has been attributed to factors such as inappropriate teaching strategies, curricula that is unchallenging and irrelevant, and cultural and technological conditions that continue to evolve (Sullivan et al. Australian Journal of Education 53(2):176-191, 2009). There is currently a gap in this field of research in terms of a lack of longitudinal studies conducted in an Australian context that feature students' voices and their perceptions of mathematics teaching and learning during the middle years. As part of a qualitative longitudinal case study spanning 3 school years, 20 students in their final year of primary school (aged between 11 and 12 years) were asked to provide their views on mathematics teaching and learning. The aim of the study was to explore the students' perspectives of mathematics teaching and learning to discover pedagogies that engage the students. During focus group discussions and individual interviews the students discussed qualities of a "good" mathematics teacher and aspects of "good" lessons. These were found to resonate well with current Australian quality teaching frameworks. The findings of this study indicate that students in the middle years are critically aware of pedagogies that lead to engagement in mathematics, and existing standards and frameworks should be used as a starting point for quality teaching of mathematics.

Attard, Catherine

2011-09-01

139

Stem Cells  

MedlinePLUS

Stem cells are cells with the potential to develop into many different types of cells in the body. They serve as a repair ... body. There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. Stem ...

140

Mathematical Imagery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Artists throughout the millennia have shown a strong affinity for creating works of art that incorporate patterns derived from areas of mathematical inquiry such as representations of infinity, symmetry, and tessellations. Recently, the American Mathematical Society created this website to let the general public view materials related to the relationship between mathematics and art, and it is quite a find. The site is divided into a number of areas, including those that contain articles on the subject written specifically for the site and links to galleries and museums that celebrate the connections between these two disciplines. Many of the articles are quite delightful, and they include pieces on the world of hyperbolic geometries (which are perhaps best known through the work of M.C. Escher) and the visualization of geometric principles through geometry.

141

Mathematics & Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Mathematical Association of Two-Year Colleges (AMATYC) has compiled a collection of mathematics resources related to various subjects and disciplines. âÂÂMath Across the Community College Curriculumâ is the title of the collection, which includes great math resources and applications for educators and students alike. Angi Caster and Erik Scott from Highline Community College created this resource focused on English and mathematics. A course overview provides a description of the goals, learning outcomes, and activities associated with the resource. Four activities are provided here for use in the classroom. The student projects presented here include âÂÂEssay Writing,â and âÂÂAnalyzing Statistics.â A sample essay topic and sample data are also provided to give you an idea of how to structure your own projects. These are great resources to incorporate in the classroom, and enhance the learning experiences of students.

Caster, Angi; Scott, Erik

2008-05-14

142

Celebrating Mathematics All Year 'Round  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Celebrating mathematics should be a yearlong event in which students in mathematics classes of all levels engage in mathematics activities and competitions that will encourage growth in mathematical knowledge, enthusiasm for the subject, and collaboration among students of different abilities and backgrounds. Pi Day and Pi Week festivities--a good…

Daire, Sandra Arguelles

2010-01-01

143

Not lack of ability but more choice: individual and gender differences in choice of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.  

PubMed

The pattern of gender differences in math and verbal ability may result in females having a wider choice of careers, in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) and non-STEM fields, compared with males. The current study tested whether individuals with high math and high verbal ability in 12th grade were more or less likely to choose STEM occupations than those with high math and moderate verbal ability. The 1,490 subjects participated in two waves of a national longitudinal study; one wave was when the subjects were in 12th grade, and the other was when they were 33 years old. Results revealed that mathematically capable individuals who also had high verbal skills were less likely to pursue STEM careers than were individuals who had high math skills but moderate verbal skills. One notable finding was that the group with high math and high verbal ability included more females than males. PMID:23508740

Wang, Ming-Te; Eccles, Jacquelynne S; Kenny, Sarah

2013-05-01

144

Learning for STEM Literacy: STEM Literacy for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We are in the STEM generation whose comprehensive purpose is to resolve (1) societal needs for new technological and scientific advances; (2) economic needs for national security; and (3) personal needs to become a fulfilled, productive, knowledgeable citizen. STEM specifically refers to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, but now…

Zollman, Alan

2012-01-01

145

An Ecological Model of STEM Education: Operationalizing STEM FOR ALL  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a framework for how to provide more accessible, relevant, and effective instruction in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education to all students. The STEM for All initiative asserts that all students, including those with disabilities and other diverse learning needs, should be included in meaningful…

Basham, James D.; Israel, Maya; Maynard, Kathie

2010-01-01

146

Leaving STEM: STEM Ph.D. Holders in Non-STEM Careers. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last few decades, national, state, and institutional-level initiatives have been implemented to build and expand the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce by recruiting and retaining groups of individuals that have been traditionally underrepresented in STEM in higher education. The underlying theory of…

Turk-Bicakci, Lori; Berger, Andrea

2014-01-01

147

An Investigation of the Nature of the Influences of Item Stem and Option Representation on Student Responses to a Mathematics Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In teaching, representations are used as ways to illustrate the concepts underlying a specific topic. For example, use symbols (e.g., 1?+?2?=?3) to express the concept of addition. To compare students' abilities to interpret different representations in mathematics, the symbolic representation (SR) test and the pictorial representation (PR)…

Lin, Yi-Hung; Wilson, Mark; Cheng, Ching-Lin

2013-01-01

148

The Top STEM Degree Producers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a list of the top Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) degree producers in the U.S. This list is broken down into seven categories: (1) Total Minority Research/Scholarship and Other Doctoral: Mathematics and Statistics; (2) Total Minority Bachelors: Biological and Biomedical Sciences; (3) Total Minority…

Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 2012

2012-01-01

149

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics participation de: c 2007 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Concours canadien de

Le Roy, Robert J.

150

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics.M.C. Supporter: Avec la participation de : Canadian Institute of Actuaries c 2005 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Canadian Mathematics Competition Faculty

Le Roy, Robert J.

151

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics Sybase iAnywhere Solutions c 2005 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Canadian Mathematics Competition Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Concours canadien de

Le Roy, Robert J.

152

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics 2009 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Centre d

Le Roy, Robert J.

153

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics: c 2009 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Centre

Le Roy, Robert J.

154

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics 2010 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Centre d

Le Roy, Robert J.

155

Mathematics Illuminated  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bringing mathematics to life is an admirable yet difficult task. New approaches to teaching the subject are always welcome, and that is precisely the focus of this very fine series produced by Oregon Public Broadcasting. This 13-part multimedia learning resource is offered as part of the Annenberg Media website, and it covers everything from the study of prime numbers to the beauty of symmetry. Visitors can view each one of the 13 half-hour programs, and the titles include "How Big is Infinity?", "Other Dimensions", and "Game Theory". That's not all, as visitors can also click over to the Mathematics Illuminated supplementary website which includes interactive features, a glossary, and other materials for educators.

156

Considerations for Teaching Integrated STEM Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education is vital for the future success of students. Integrated STEM education is one way to make learning more connected and relevant for students. There is a need for further research and discussion on the knowledge, experiences, and background that teachers need to effectively teach integrated STEM education. A support, teaching, efficacy, and

Micah Stohlmann; Tamara J. Moore; Gillian H. Roehrig

2012-01-01

157

Siemens Stem Academy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website hosts resources for K-12 educators looking to access and share ideas for STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education. Monthly webinars (archived), lessons, videos, a blog, posters and other materials are available. Professional development opportunities are posted. Some resources require a free registration.

2012-01-01

158

Exploring Collective Mathematical Creativity in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study combines theories related to collective learning and theories related to mathematical creativity to investigate the notion of collective mathematical creativity in elementary school classrooms. Collective learning takes place when mathematical ideas and actions, initially stemming from an individual, are built upon and reworked,…

Levenson, Esther

2011-01-01

159

Free online mathematics books  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Freebookcentre.net's mathematics section contains links to many technical books offered free online, either as html pages or downloadable pdfs. Books are arranged by subject: algebra, geometry, calculus, differential equations, discrete mathematics, linear algebra, number theory, differential algebra, probability theory, trigonometry, and others.

160

Cancer stem cells - normal stem cells \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence has accumulated that cancer develops from a population of quiescent tissue committed\\/pluripotent stem cells (TCSC\\/PSC) or cells developmentally closely related to them that are distributed in various organs. To support this notio n, stem cells (SC) are long lived cells and thus may become the subject of accumulating mutations that are crucial for initiation\\/progression of cancer. More important, they

Mariusz Z. Ratajczak

2005-01-01

161

I-STEM  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has developed a multi-pronged approach to remedying the lack of academic emphasis on the STEM subjects, from preschool through college, as well as the lack of interest in STEM subjects on the part of youth in the United States. Visitors can read about the University's four goals under the "Goals" tab at the top of any page. The "STEM Ed Projects" tab contains a directory of externally funded projects divided into four categories, and which are then further divided into subcategories. Visitors will find such projects as "Improving Supply and Demand Data for the Preparation of Secondary Science and Math Teachers" and "Clean Energy Education Workshop", under the category that aims to shape policy and advocate for STEM education. The "Resources" tab contains half a dozen categories under which visitors will find Outreach Resources, Teacher Development and Resources, and Policy and Advocacy for STEM Ed.

162

Inclusive STEM High School Design: 10 Critical Components  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, the mission of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) schools emphasized providing gifted and talented students with advanced STEM coursework. However, a newer type of STEM school is emerging in the United States: inclusive STEM high schools (ISHSs). ISHSs have open enrollment and are focused on preparing…

Peters-Burton, Erin E.; Lynch, Sharon J.; Behrend, Tara S.; Means, Barbara B.

2014-01-01

163

STEm Minority Graduate Program  

SciTech Connect

ABSTRACT The state of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education in the United States has seen some unfavorable assessments over the past decade. In early February, 2010 the House of Representatives heard testimony on undergraduate and graduate education. The message from the panel, which included experts from academia, STEM-based industries, and the National Science Foundation (NSF) was dire and required an urgent response. The experts along with the committee���¢��������s chairperson, U. S. Representative Daniel Lipinski (D-IL) cited that the complexity of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics applications and coursework and the methodology utilized to teach these subjects are forcing students out of these disciplines. As the National Academies described in its 2007 report Rising Above the Gathering Storm, successful STEM education is not just an academic pursuit���¢��������it���¢��������s a necessity for competing in the knowledge-based economy that the United States had a key role in creating. The potential for action is being made available again as the America COMPETES Act of 2007 is up for reauthorization. Its initial focus was on STEM education at the K-12 levels, but efforts at the undergraduate and graduate levels are needed to retain students to fill the jobs left vacant as baby boomers retire. The Educational Advancement Alliance, Inc. (EAA) has for two decades created programs that have not only addressed the issues of ensuring that students are aptly prepared for college but have focused its efforts over the past decade on increasing the number of students who pursue degrees in STEM disciplines. For the EAA, the introduction of the wonders of science begins at the elementary and middle school level via the Learning Lab, a state-of-the-art mobile science laboratory that visits students in grades 4-6 at the various schools throughout Philadelphia and The Math/Tech Academy which meets on Saturdays for students in grades 5-7. For the past two years the EAA has assisted college graduates in their quest to attain advanced degrees in STEM by providing fellowships. The EAA continued this effort by recruiting and providing fellowships to students who aspired to continue their education at the graduate level. The fellowships provided funding for tuition, fees, books, technology, and stipends to assist with room, board, and living expenses during the academic year and salary, transportation, and living expenses to those students who secured internships with the Department of Energy. Additionally the EAA designed and implemented needed support systems to ensure successful completion of the Masters degree programs, including but not limited to membership in professional associations, attendance at industry and academic conferences, and professional development workshops, and tutorial assistance if needed. This program assisted over 80 students directly and society-at-large by helping to educate and develop future physicists, engineers, biostatisticians, and researchers who will have the necessary skillsets to fill the increasing numbers of positions that require such expertise.

Kaen E. Nicholas

2012-09-20

164

Springboard to STEM  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the Springboard to STEM program is "to increase student interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and provide training and classroom materials for teachers." On this website, visitors can take advantage of free educational materials like worksheets, lesson plans, and discussion questions. Visitors need to fill out a form on the site before they can access all of the materials, but this only takes a minute or two. Moving on, the News and Links area contains links to their work around STEM education and the project's Twitter feed. The Marketplace is another great feature of the site which contains links to high quality STEM-related resources, such as books and classroom DVDs, that are available for purchase.

165

Springboard to STEM  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the Springboard to STEM program is "to increase student interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and provide training and classroom materials for teachers." On this website, visitors can take advantage of free educational materials like worksheets, lesson plans, and discussion questions. Visitors need to fill out a form on the site before they can access all of the materials, but this only takes a minute or two. Moving on, the News and Links area contains links to their work around STEM education and the project's Twitter feed. The Marketplace is another great feature of the site which contains links to high quality STEM-related resources, such as books and classroom DVDs, that are available for purchase.

2013-11-26

166

"If I had to pick any subject, it wouldn't be maths": foundations for engagement with mathematics during the middle years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article is a report on a longitudinal case study that investigated the problem of lowered engagement with mathematics and students' perspectives of the factors that influenced their engagement during the middle years of schooling. The article provides a synthesis of the entire study and a summary of its findings. In order to address the research question a group of 20 students from within the same school cohort participated in the study spanning three school years from their final year of primary school, to their second year of secondary school. Data was collected through interviews, focus group discussions, and classroom observations. A major finding of this study was that positive pedagogical relationships between teachers and their students must be developed as a foundation for sustained engagement.

Attard, Catherine

2013-12-01

167

The STEM Initiative: Constraints and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is considerable national interest in STEM initiatives, but yet there is little discussion concerning what STEM means in terms of a curriculum concept to be applied to school programming. This article focuses on STEM as a curriculum concept. First, STEM programming is discussed in terms of separate subjects, correlated and broad fields…

Herschbach, Dennis R.

2011-01-01

168

Mathematics Scholarships  

E-print Network

Mathematics Scholarships Complete Scholarship Name Application Deadline Date Contact Name Contact of Mathematics to an outstanding undergraduate mathematics major who has demonstrated excellence in mathematics is selected by the Undergraduate Advisory Council in the Department of Mathematics. No N/A Douglas B. Meade

Almor, Amit

169

Mathematical Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "mathematical resilience" is used to describe a learner's stance towards mathematics that enables pupils to continue learning despite finding setbacks and challenges in their mathematical learning journey. There are ways of working in mathematics that increase mathematical resilience and conversely there are ways of working that decrease…

Johnston-Wilder, Sue; Lee, Clare

2010-01-01

170

Teacher STEM Perception and Preparation: Inquiry-Based STEM Professional Development for Elementary Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student foundational knowledge of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is formed in their elementary education. Paradoxically, many elementary teachers have constrained background knowledge, confidence, and efficacy for teaching STEM that may hamper student STEM learning. The association between teacher preparation to teach…

Nadelson, Louis S.; Callahan, Janet; Pyke, Patricia; Hay, Anne; Dance, Matthew; Pfiester, Joshua

2013-01-01

171

A Mapping of Historical Discourses in STEM Advocacy Literature.  

E-print Network

??Efforts to privilege STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) disciplines, initiatives, and industries in American discourse are arguably the foremost expressions of scientific authority in… (more)

Geldis, Christopher Scott

2014-01-01

172

STEMNET: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Network (STEMNET), created by the British Department of Trade and Industry, "seeks to stimulate the interests of young people in science, technology, engineering and mathematics and in pursuing careers related to these subjects." Local networks partner with educational organizations, professional associations, research institutes, industry, government departments, and charities to "deliver high quality STEM activities and experiences to schools and young people." The website provides information on the group's program and publications documenting the program's effectiveness, as well as some external publications on issues relating to STEM education in the United Kingdom (UK). The links section, where SETNET has posted a database of "schemes and resources," is most likely to interest teachers beyond the U.K. Visitors can search the database or browse the list of lesson ideas, each of which includes links to online resources for developing, planning and communicating ideas, working with equipment, tools, evaluating processes and products, as well as useful materials and components, and resources for understanding of materials and components.

2005-11-07

173

Orihedra: Mathematical sculptures in paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mathematics, as a subject dealing with abstract concepts, poses a special challenge for educators. In students' experience, the subject is often associated with (potentially) unflattering adjectives — “austere”, “remote”, “depersonalized”, and so forth. This paper describes a computer program named HyperGami whose purpose is to alleviate this harsh portrait of the mathematical enterprise. HyperGami is a system for the construction

Michael Eisenberg; Ann Nishioka

1996-01-01

174

Astronomy and Mathematics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are many European countries where Astronomy does not appear as a specific course on the secondary school. In these cases Astronomy content can be introduced by means of other subjects. There are some astronomical topics within the subject of Physics but this talk concerns introducing Astronomy in Mathematics classes. Teaching Astronomy through Mathematics would result in more exposure than through Physics as Mathematics is more prevalent in the curriculum. Generally it is not easy to motivate students in Mathematics but they are motivated to find out more about the universe and Astronomy current events than appears in the media. This situation can be an excellent introduction to several mathematics topics. The teachers in secondary and high school can use this idea in order to present more attractive mathematics courses. In particular some different examples will be offered regarding * Angles and spherical coordinates considering star traces * Logarithms and visual magnitudes * Plane trigonometry related orbital movements * Spherical trigonometry in connection with ecliptic obliquity * Conic curves related to sundial at several latitudes Some students do not enjoy studying Mathematics but they can be attracted by practical situations using Applied Mathematics: Astronomy is always very attractive to teenagers.

Ros, Rosa M.

175

Correlating Mathematics and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The change from students learning all subjects together in a one-room schoolhouse to learning in classes separated by subject and grade resulted in distinct disciplines such as social studies, mathematics, science, and English. What was lost was the unified, holistic curriculum that a one-room setting required. Since students move from…

Mireles, Selena Vasquez

2009-01-01

176

Ca2+ signaling in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPS-CM) from normal and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT)-afflicted subjects.  

PubMed

Derivation of cardiomyocytes from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS-CMs) allowed us to probe the Ca(2+)-signaling parameters of human iPS-CMs from healthy- and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT1)-afflicted individuals carrying a novel point mutation p.F2483I in ryanodine receptors (RyR2). iPS-CMs were dissociated on day 30-40 of differentiation and patch-clamped within 3-6 days. Calcium currents (ICa) averaged ?8pA/pF in control and mutant iPS-CMs. ICa-induced Ca(2+)-transients in control and mutant cells had bell-shaped voltage-dependence similar to that of ICa, consistent with Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+)-release (CICR) mechanism. The ratio of ICa-activated to caffeine-triggered Ca(2+)-transients was ?0.3 in both cell types. Caffeine-induced Ca(2+)-transients generated significantly smaller Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger current (INCX) in mutant cells, reflecting their smaller Ca(2+)-stores. The gain of CICR was voltage-dependent as in adult cardiomyocytes. Adrenergic agonists enhanced ICa, but differentially altered the CICR gain, diastolic Ca(2+), and Ca(2+)-sparks in mutant cells. The mutant cells, when Ca(2+)-overloaded, showed longer and wandering Ca(2+)-sparks that activated adjoining release sites, had larger CICR gain at -30mV yet smaller Ca(2+)-stores. We conclude that control and mutant iPS-CMs express the adult cardiomyocyte Ca(2+)-signaling phenotype. RyR2 F2483I mutant myocytes have aberrant unitary Ca(2+)-signaling, smaller Ca(2+)-stores, higher CICR gains, and sensitized adrenergic regulation, consistent with functionally altered Ca(2+)-release profile of CPVT syndrome. PMID:23684427

Zhang, X-H; Haviland, S; Wei, H; Sari?, T; Fatima, A; Hescheler, J; Cleemann, L; Morad, M

2013-08-01

177

Ca2+ signaling in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPS-CM) from normal and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT)-afflicted subjects  

PubMed Central

Derivation of cardiomyocytes from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS-CMs) allowed us to probe the Ca2+-signaling parameters of human iPS-CMs from healthy- and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT1)-afflicted individuals carrying a novel point mutation p.F2483I in ryanodine receptors (RyR2). iPS-CMs were dissociated on day 30–40 of differentiation and patch-clamped within 3–6 days. Calcium currents (ICa) averaged ~8 pA/pF in control and mutant iPS-CMs. ICa-induced Ca2+-transients in control and mutant cells had bell-shaped voltage-dependence similar to that of ICa, consistent with Ca2+-induced Ca2+-release (CICR) mechanism. The ratio of ICa-activated to caffeine-triggered Ca2+-transients was ~0.3 in both cell types. Caffeine-induced Ca2+-transients generated significantly smaller Na+–Ca2+ exchanger current (INCX) in mutant cells, reflecting their smaller Ca2+-stores. The gain of CICR was voltage-dependent as in adult cardiomyocytes. Adrenergic agonists enhanced ICa, but differentially altered the CICR gain, diastolic Ca2+, and Ca2+-sparks in mutant cells. The mutant cells, when Ca2+-overloaded, showed longer and wandering Ca2+-sparks that activated adjoining release sites, had larger CICR gain at ?30 mV yet smaller Ca2+-stores. We conclude that control and mutant iPS-CMs express the adult cardiomyocyte Ca2+-signaling phenotype. RyR2 F2483I mutant myocytes have aberrant unitary Ca2+-signaling, smaller Ca2+-stores, higher CICR gains, and sensitized adrenergic regulation, consistent with functionally altered Ca2+-release profile of CPVT syndrome. PMID:23684427

Zhang, X.-H.; Haviland, S.; Wei, H.; Saric, T.; Fatima, A.; Hescheler, J.; Cleemann, L.; Morad, M.

2013-01-01

178

cial Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction S hematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special M  

E-print Network

SMI cial Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction S hematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special M ruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics In cial Mathematics

Vaswani, Namrata

179

Rationally optimized cryopreservation of multiple mouse embryonic stem cell lines: II--Mathematical prediction and experimental validation of optimal cryopreservation protocols.  

PubMed

In Part I, we documented differences in cryopreservation success measured by membrane integrity in four mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) lines from different genetic backgrounds (BALB/c, CBA, FVB, and 129R1), and we demonstrated a potential biophysical basis for these differences through a comparative study characterizing the membrane permeability characteristics and osmotic tolerance limits of each cell line. Here we use these values to predict optimal cryoprotectants, cooling rates, warming rates, and plunge temperatures. We subsequently verified these predictions experimentally for their effects on post-thaw recovery. From this study, we determined that a cryopreservation protocol utilizing 1M propylene glycol, a cooling rate of 1°C/minute, and plunging into liquid nitrogen at -41°C, combined with subsequent warming in a 22°C water bath with agitation, significantly improved post-thaw recovery for three of the four mESC lines, and did not diminish post-thaw recovery for our single exception. It is proposed that this protocol can be successfully applied to most mESC lines beyond those included within this study once the effect of propylene glycol on mESC gene expression, growth characteristics, and germ-line transmission has been determined. Mouse ESC lines with poor survival using current standard cryopreservation protocols or our proposed protocol can be optimized on a case-by-case basis using the method we have outlined over two papers. For our single exception, the CBA cell line, a cooling rate of 5°C/minute in the presence of 1.0M dimethyl sulfoxide or 1.0M propylene glycol, combined with plunge temperature of -80°C was optimal. PMID:24560712

Kashuba, Corinna M; Benson, James D; Critser, John K

2014-04-01

180

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics´ee ­ Sec. V) Avec la contribution de: Avec la participation de: c 2009 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics

Le Roy, Robert J.

181

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of The Centre for Education in Mathematics the Awards Le CENTRE d'�DUCATION en MATH�MATIQUES et en INFORMATIQUE The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS des actuaires C.M.C. Supporters: Avec la participation de : © 2002 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation

Le Roy, Robert J.

182

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics´ee ­ Sec. V) c 2010 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du

Le Roy, Robert J.

183

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics.M.C. Supporters: Avec la participation de : Canadian Institute of Actuaries Maplesoft c 2006 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics

Le Roy, Robert J.

184

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics.M.C. Sponsors Chartered Accountants C.M.C. Supporter c 2008 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics

Le Roy, Robert J.

185

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in MathematicsAnywhere Solutions C.M.C. Supporters: Canadian Institute of Actuaries Maplesoft c 2006 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics

Le Roy, Robert J.

186

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics.M.C. Sponsors Chartered Accountants C.M.C. Supporter c 2007 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff

Le Roy, Robert J.

187

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of The Centre for Education in Mathematics Mathematics Foundation Chartered Accountants Sybase Inc. (Waterloo) iAnywhere Solutions Comptables agréés C Commentaires Barry A. Ferguson Director The Gauss Contests are the first in a series of mathematics contests

Le Roy, Robert J.

188

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of The Centre for Education in Mathematics the Awards Le CENTRE d'�DUCATION en MATH�MATIQUES et en INFORMATIQUE The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS participation de : © 2004 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation Chartered Accountants Sybase Inc. (Waterloo) i

Le Roy, Robert J.

189

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in MathematicsAnywhere Solutions C.M.C. Supporters: Canadian Institute of Actuaries Maplesoft c 2006Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics

Le Roy, Robert J.

190

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of The Centre for Education in Mathematics : © 2003 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation Concours Cayley (10 année ­ Sec. IV) Cayley Contest (Grade 10 in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Sybase Inc. (Waterloo) iAnywhere Solutions Great West Life and London Life London

Le Roy, Robert J.

191

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of The Centre for Education in Mathematics Institut canadien des actuaires C.M.C. Supporters: Avec la participation de : © 2002 Waterloo Mathematics'�DUCATION en MATH�MATIQUES et en INFORMATIQUE The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Sybase Inc

Le Roy, Robert J.

192

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Concours canadien de math´ematiques Ed Anderson

Le Roy, Robert J.

193

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of The Centre for Education in Mathematics.M.C. Supporters: Avec la participation de : © 2004 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation Concours Cayley (10 année ­ Sec for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Sybase Inc. (Waterloo) iAnywhere Solutions Great West Life and London

Le Roy, Robert J.

194

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics Results Euclid Contest 2010 R´esultats Concours Euclide c 2010 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics

Le Roy, Robert J.

195

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics Chartered Accountants Maplesoft C.M.C. Supporter c 2007 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff

Le Roy, Robert J.

196

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics 2007 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Centre d'´education en math

Le Roy, Robert J.

197

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of The Centre for Education in Mathematics the Awards Le CENTRE d'�DUCATION en MATH�MATIQUES et en INFORMATIQUE The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS participation de : Sybase, Inc. (Waterloo) Sybase, inc (Waterloo) © 2001 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation

Le Roy, Robert J.

198

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Centre d'´education en math´ematiques et

Le Roy, Robert J.

199

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics Maplesoft c 2006Waterloo Mathematics Foundation #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Centre d'´education en math

Le Roy, Robert J.

200

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of The Centre for Education in Mathematics MATH�MATIQUES et en INFORMATIQUE The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING Manulife Financial des actuaires C.M.C. Supporters: Avec la participation de : © 2003 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation

Le Roy, Robert J.

201

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of The Centre for Education in Mathematics participation de : © 2004 Waterloo Mathematics Foundation Chartered Accountants Sybase Inc. (Waterloo) i Director The Gauss Contests are the first in a series of mathematics contests administered by the CMC

Le Roy, Robert J.

202

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics.M.C. Supporter c 2008 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Faculty and Staff / Personnel du Centre

Le Roy, Robert J.

203

Postgraduate Mathematical  

E-print Network

- 1 - Postgraduate Study in Mathematical Logic School of Mathematics, Statistics and Operations at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, is home to one of the leading Mathematical Logic research groups in the world. Recent graduates in mathematical logic have won national and international prizes

Day, Adam R.

204

Identifying and Nurturing Future Innovators in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics: A Review of Findings From the Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calls to strengthen education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are underscored by employment trends and the importance of STEM innovation for the economy. The Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth (SMPY) has been tracking over 5,000 talented individuals longitudinally for 40 years, throwing light on critical questions in talent identification and development in STEM. SMPY includes individuals identified in

Camilla Persson Benbow

2012-01-01

205

Mathematics Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What can one do with a math degree? Quite a bit as it turns out, and this excellent website from the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) provides a wide set of resources for those persons interested in the subject. This site contains information developed by math majors at Brigham Young University, a set of MAA Math classified ads, and career profiles. In the "Career Profiles" area, visitors can read up on profiles of math majors (current and former) who are working in fields such as academia, actuarial science, and the military. There's also a great feature here called "When Will I Use Math?" that contains first hand interviews with people who are using math at places like Google and other corporations. Overall, this site will be interesting to math educators, and college-level math majors thinking about what the future might bring.

206

The Bayer Facts of Science Education XVI: US STEM Workforce Shortage— Myth or Reality? Fortune 1000 Talent Recruiters on the Debate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major debate is currently underway in the USA about whether there is, in fact, a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) workforce shortage in the country or not. This is the subject of the Bayer Facts of Science Education XVI: US STEM Workforce Shortage—Myth or Reality? Fortune 1000 Talent Recruiters on the Debate. An ongoing public opinion research project commissioned by Bayer Corporation, the Bayer Facts surveys examine US STEM education, diversity and workforce issues. The 16th in the series, the newest survey asks talent recruiters at some of the country's largest employers—those included in the Fortune 1000—to weigh in on current and future demand for new hires with 2- and 4-year STEM degrees. As professionals responsible for scouting, recruiting and hiring talent at Fortune 1000 companies, both STEM and non-STEM alike, these individuals are on the frontlines, tasked with assessing and filling their companies' workforce needs. The survey asks the recruiters whether new hires with 2- and 4-year STEM degrees are as, more or less in demand than their peers without STEM degrees? Are more new STEM jobs being created at their companies than non-STEM jobs? Can they find adequate numbers of qualified candidates in a timely manner and how fierce is the competition for STEM degree holders? To answer these and other questions, the survey polled 150 talent recruiters at Fortune 1000 companies, both STEM and non-STEM alike. The survey also asks the recruiters about diversion in STEM, workforce diversity in the pipeline, the role of community colleges in developing the STEM pipeline and the desired skills and competencies of new hires.

Bayer Corporation

2014-10-01

207

Pathways to Science: STEM  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by NASA and the National Science Foundation, the Pathways to Science Project was created by the Institute for Broadening Participation to support "pathways to the STEM fields: science, technology, engineering, and mathematics." The project works on connecting underrepresented groups with STEM programs, funding, mentoring, and resources. The "Students" area features a sign-in area where students can sign up to receive targeted emails that will inform them of new STEM-focused scholarship and mentoring opportunities. The "Programs" area features a database of over 1500 programs designed for K-8 students, college educators, and undergraduate students. Additionally, the site also includes a "News" area where users can learn about recent success stories from universities around the United States, along with the particulars of upcoming conferences and seminars.

208

CTE's Role in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the last several years, concern has been brewing about America's underinvestment and underperformance in science, technology, engineering and mathematics--the fields collectively known as STEM. STEM can be described as an initiative for securing America's leadership in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields and identifying…

Hyslop, Alisha

2010-01-01

209

Idaho Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Overview  

ScienceCinema

Idaho National Laboratory has been instrumental in establishing the Idaho Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics initiative -- i-STEM, which brings together industry, educators, government and other partners to provide K-12 teachers with support, materials and opportunities to improve STEM instruction and increase student interest in technical careers. You can learn more about INL's education programs at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2013-05-28

210

Idaho Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Overview  

SciTech Connect

Idaho National Laboratory has been instrumental in establishing the Idaho Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics initiative -- i-STEM, which brings together industry, educators, government and other partners to provide K-12 teachers with support, materials and opportunities to improve STEM instruction and increase student interest in technical careers. You can learn more about INL's education programs at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2011-01-01

211

Mathematics and Engineering Mathematics & Engineering Orientation  

E-print Network

Mathematics and Engineering Mathematics & Engineering Orientation Evening Thursday, January 20, 2011 WELCOME! #12;Mathematics and Engineering Mathematics& EngineeringOrientationProgram Thursday,January20, 2011 1. Program Presentation · Welcome · What is Mathematics & Engineering ? · Why Mathematics

Linder, Tamás

212

The M in Stem via the M in Epidemiology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is the case that some activities claiming to reside under the STEM umbrella do not, in fact, give participants the opportunity to engage in anything other than routine mathematics. With this in mind, we explore here the potential for developing and then delivering STEM activities based on the discipline of mathematical epidemiology. We argue…

Griffiths, Martin

2011-01-01

213

a Contextualist Interpretation of Mathematics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nature of mathematics has been the subject of heated debate among mathematicians and philosophers throughout the ages. The realist and anti-realist positions have had longstanding debate over this problem, but some of the most important recent development has focused on the interpretations; each of the above positions has its own interpretation of the nature of mathematics. I argue in this paper a contextualist interpretation of mathematics, it elucidates the essential features of mathematical context. That is, being integral and having concrete structure, mathematical context is a recontextualizational process with determinate boundary.

Liu, Jie

2014-03-01

214

High-Resolution Mapping of H1 Linker Histone Variants in Embryonic Stem Cells  

E-print Network

High-Resolution Mapping of H1 Linker Histone Variants in Embryonic Stem Cells Journal Information York State Empire Stem Cell Board. The funders had no role in study design, data collection Categories Subject: Biology Subject: Developmental Biology Subject: Stem Cells Subject: Embryonic Stem Cells

215

Mathematics Survey Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mathematics Survey Project, initiated by Professor Jim Pitman of the Departments of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of California, Berkeley, aims to construct new ways to organize, communicate and archive mathematical knowledge online. The project is "a bold proposal which attempts to solve the problems of fragmentation and compartmentalization, and indirectly to reduce the cost of commercial journals, by promoting the value of openly accessible content." The proposal, which is described on this website, includes the formation of a large collection of open access journals in mathematics to be indexed by subject. Starting with a survey of the field of probability and stochastic processes, project supporters hope to develop a model for a system of surveys to cover every major branch of mathematics. Anyone who supports this project in principle is invited to add their name to the List of Supporters posted online. Also available from this website are links to Some Free Electronic Mathematics Journals, The Electronic Library of Mathematics, as well as Free and Gated Electronic Mathematics Journals. Links to related materials in support of the proposal are also available. Note that the links to the Committee on Electronic Information Communication (CEIC) were not working at the time of this report, but the link to its article on Best Practices from 2002 was working.

216

Boosting STEM Interest in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most critical labor shortages facing the U.S. involves the number of young adults entering careers in what's now commonly referred to as STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics). Equally troubling is that the participation of blacks and Hispanics in STEM careers continues to lag that of whites and Asians. High school is…

Schneider, Barbara; Judy, Justina; Mazuca, Christina

2012-01-01

217

Agent-Oriented Stem Cell Computational Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stem cell ability of differentiation in different kinds of cells is crucial for therapeutic application. Stem cells can be used to find a cure for several diseases, such as cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, and others. The promise of the use of the capacity of computational power and the applicability of the recent techniques in computational and mathematic modeling in order to

Maíra A. de C. Gatti; Geisa M. Faustino; Diego Bispo; José Eurico Vasconcellos

218

Mathematics disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Mathematics disorder is a condition in which a child's math ability is far below normal for their ... Children who have mathematics disorder have trouble with simple ... disorder may appear with: Developmental coordination ...

219

Mathematical Geology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical techniques used to solve geological problems are briefly discussed (including comments on use of geostatistics). Highlights of conferences/meetings and conference papers in mathematical geology are also provided. (JN)

Jones, Thomas A.

1983-01-01

220

STEM Sell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1994 and 2003, employment in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields grew by a remarkable 23 percent, compared with 17 percent in non-STEM fields, according to federal data. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts continued strong growth in STEM job openings through 2014, with emphasis on life sciences, environmental…

Pantic, Zorica

2007-01-01

221

Public Views on the Gendering of Mathematics and Related Careers: International Comparisons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematics continues to be an enabling discipline for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)-based university studies and related careers. Explanatory models for females' underrepresentation in higher level mathematics and STEM-based courses comprise learner-related and environmental variables--including societal beliefs.…

Forgasz, Helen; Leder, Gilah; Tan, Hazel

2014-01-01

222

In Students' Words: The Development of Student Attitudes toward Mathematics - A Social Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student interest in pursuing advanced studies and careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) has garnered much attention lately from government, business, and education leaders due to inadequate flow in the United States' STEM pipeline. Existing research points to mathematical self-efficacy and to mathematical self-concept beliefs as integral to the likelihood that a student will pursue a career in

Dianne Kathryn Kelly

2011-01-01

223

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics�ee � Sec. V) Avec la contribution de: Avec la participation de: c 2009 Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing #12;Competition Organization Organisation du Concours Centre for Education in Mathematics

Le Roy, Robert J.

224

Inside Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This multimedia website assists teachers, principals, and school district leadership by providing professional resources for educators. Inside Mathematics provides tested demonstration lessons presented to children and groups of observing teachers; guided tours of reflective mathematics practice; and mathematics teaching and learning tools and resources to support classroom teachers', math coaches', and administrators' daily practices.

2012-01-01

225

Supporting STEM Education in Secondary Science Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science education scholars emphasize the significance of an integrative, interdisciplinary STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education that encourages students to learn about the natural world through exploration, inquiry, and problem-solving experiences. This article reports on a professional development program aimed at improving a group of secondary science and mathematics teachers’ competence in using a problem-based approach in the teaching

Anila Asghar; Roni Ellington; Eric Rice; Francine Johnson; Glenda M. Prime

2012-01-01

226

Attracting STEM talent: do STEM students prefer traditional or work/life-interaction labs?  

PubMed

The demand for employees trained in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields continues to increase, yet the number of Millennial students pursuing STEM is not keeping pace. We evaluated whether this shortfall is associated with Millennials' preference for flexibility and work/life-interaction in their careers-a preference that may be inconsistent with the traditional idea of a science career endorsed by many lab directors. Two contrasting approaches to running STEM labs and training students were explored, and we created a lab recruitment video depicting each. The work-focused video emphasized the traditional notions of a science lab, characterized by long work hours and a focus on individual achievement and conducting research above all else. In contrast, the work/life-interaction-focused video emphasized a more progressive view - lack of demarcation between work and non-work lives, flexible hours, and group achievement. In Study 1, 40 professors rated the videos, and the results confirmed that the two lab types reflected meaningful real-world differences in training approaches. In Study 2, we recruited 53 current and prospective graduate students in STEM fields who displayed high math-identification and a commitment to science careers. In a between-subjects design, they watched one of the two lab-recruitment videos, and then reported their anticipated sense of belonging to and desire to participate in the lab depicted in the video. Very large effects were observed on both primary measures: Participants who watched the work/life-interaction-focused video reported a greater sense of belonging to (d?=?1.49) and desire to participate in (d?=?1.33) the lab, relative to participants who watched the work-focused video. These results suggest Millennials possess a strong desire for work/life-interaction, which runs counter to the traditional lab-training model endorsed by many lab directors. We discuss implications of these findings for STEM recruitment. PMID:24587044

DeFraine, William C; Williams, Wendy M; Ceci, Stephen J

2014-01-01

227

Attracting STEM Talent: Do STEM Students Prefer Traditional or Work/Life-Interaction Labs?  

PubMed Central

The demand for employees trained in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields continues to increase, yet the number of Millennial students pursuing STEM is not keeping pace. We evaluated whether this shortfall is associated with Millennials' preference for flexibility and work/life-interaction in their careers-a preference that may be inconsistent with the traditional idea of a science career endorsed by many lab directors. Two contrasting approaches to running STEM labs and training students were explored, and we created a lab recruitment video depicting each. The work-focused video emphasized the traditional notions of a science lab, characterized by long work hours and a focus on individual achievement and conducting research above all else. In contrast, the work/life-interaction-focused video emphasized a more progressive view – lack of demarcation between work and non-work lives, flexible hours, and group achievement. In Study 1, 40 professors rated the videos, and the results confirmed that the two lab types reflected meaningful real-world differences in training approaches. In Study 2, we recruited 53 current and prospective graduate students in STEM fields who displayed high math-identification and a commitment to science careers. In a between-subjects design, they watched one of the two lab-recruitment videos, and then reported their anticipated sense of belonging to and desire to participate in the lab depicted in the video. Very large effects were observed on both primary measures: Participants who watched the work/life-interaction-focused video reported a greater sense of belonging to (d?=?1.49) and desire to participate in (d?=?1.33) the lab, relative to participants who watched the work-focused video. These results suggest Millennials possess a strong desire for work/life-interaction, which runs counter to the traditional lab-training model endorsed by many lab directors. We discuss implications of these findings for STEM recruitment. PMID:24587044

DeFraine, William C.; Williams, Wendy M.; Ceci, Stephen J.

2014-01-01

228

A Comparison of Student Spatial Abilities Across STEM Fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been shown that STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) students have higher spatial abilities than students in the liberal arts or humanities. In order to track the change in spatial abilities within a group, studies in physics have examined topics in kinematics, chemistry has examined topics on molecular diagrams, mathematics has examined topics related to geometry, and engineering has developed courses specifically targeting students' spatial abilities. It is understood that students in STEM fields improve their spatial abilities while taking STEM courses, but very few studies have done comparisons amongst the different STEM fields. I will be presenting data comparing different STEM students' spatial ability, assessed using the Mental Rotation Test.

Loftis, Thad; Cid, Xiimena; Lopez, Ramon

2011-10-01

229

Indicators of Success in STEM Majors: A Cohort Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has become universally known that Americans as a nation have fallen behind other nations in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). According to the National Science and Engineering Indicators, produced by the National Science Foundation in 2006, the United States has one of the lowest STEM to non-STEM degree…

Thompson, Ruthanne; Bolin, Greta

2011-01-01

230

The Climate for Undergraduate Teaching and Learning in STEM Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate education in the STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) needs improvement, a conclusion that multiple national reports over the past two decades have reached. Critiques of STEM education may emphasize different aspects of the STEM undergraduate education problem. Nevertheless, each delivers one clear and…

Baldwin, Roger G.

2009-01-01

231

Teachers' Beliefs about School Mathematics and Mathematicians' Mathematics and Their Relationship to Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is broad acceptance that mathematics teachers' beliefs about the nature of mathematics influence the ways in which they teach the subject. It is also recognised that mathematics as practised in typical school classrooms is different from the mathematical activity of mathematicians. This paper presents case studies of two secondary…

Beswick, Kim

2012-01-01

232

STEM Education: Proceed with Caution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) movement has developed from a non-educational rationale. Although some think it may enliven the delivery of maths and science in classrooms, the social and economic rationales are those that have initiated this movement. Spurred on by the global financial crisis, it is hoped that…

Williams, P. John

2011-01-01

233

STEM Attrition: College Students' Paths into and out of STEM Fields. Statistical Analysis Report. NCES 2014-001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Producing sufficient numbers of graduates who are prepared for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) occupations has become a national priority in the United States. To attain this goal, some policymakers have targeted reducing STEM attrition in college, arguing that retaining more students in STEM fields in college is a…

Chen, Xianglei

2013-01-01

234

Accessing Stem-Focused Education: Factors That Contribute to the Opportunity to Attend Stem High Schools across the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, policy makers, researchers, and educators have focused on the preparation of individuals in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields. One popular policy lever is STEM-focused high schools. The purpose of this study is to identify which student populations have access to STEM secondary schools. By comparing…

Rogers-Chapman, M. Felicity

2014-01-01

235

Application of Symbolic Mathematics to Mathematics A. M. Odlyzko  

E-print Network

to mathematics. It is not a general survey of this very wide subject, but rather a small selection from my own in formulating and testing hypothesis. My experience with symbolic mathematics goes back over ten years. Most or with the help of a table of integrals, or else they were so hard that even the algorithms in MACSYMA failed

Odlyzko, Andrew M.

236

Patenting Human Genes and Stem Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cell lines and genetically modified single cell organisms have been considered patentable subjects for the last two decades. However, despite the technical patentability of genes and stem cell lines, social and legal controversy concerning their 'ownership' has surrounded stem cell research in recent years. Some granted patents on stem cells with extremely broad claims are casting a shadow over the

Enca Martin-Rendon; Derek J. Blake

2007-01-01

237

Stem Cell Basics  

MedlinePLUS

... Center Stem Cell Basics Stem Cell Basics Stem Cell Information Frequently Asked Questions What are stem cells? ... policy? More FAQs Links to related resources Stem Cell Research Center for Regenerative Medicine NIH Stem Cell ...

238

1School of Mathematics School of Mathematics  

E-print Network

1School of Mathematics School of Mathematics `Studying Mathematics, the beautiful and intriguing of Mathematics Contents Contact details The Admissions Office School of Mathematics University of Birmingham@bham.ac.uk www.birmingham.ac.uk/mathematics Why study mathematics at Birmingham? 3 University mathematics

Birmingham, University of

239

What mathematics courses are there? Mathematics  

E-print Network

Essentials What mathematics courses are there? MMath Mathematics Mathematics with Economics Mathematics with Physics BSc Mathematics Mathematics with Economics Mathematics with Physics Foundation year for UK and EU students Mathematics degrees (with a foundation year) Foundation year for non-EU students

Sussex, University of

240

Mathematical Optimization  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some of the most fundamental problems in engineering, science, and mathematics would take the most powerful computer in the world several lifetimes to find an optimal solution. However, near-optimal solutions to many of these problems have been discovered thanks to various methods of mathematical optimization. This Topic in Depth looks at some optimization techniques and the areas to which they have been applied.Argonne National Laboratory hosts an online guide (1) to some of the most well known optimization problems and algorithms. People who are new to the subject can find a wealth of introductory material in the Optimization Tree section, and several applications are illustrated with interactive demonstrations in the Case Studies section. Optimization has roots in operations research, and this tutorial (2) covers many topics within OR. A fun applet requires the user to place as many queens on a chess board as possible without any two being in direct line-of-sight, and an accompanying discussion shows how linear programming can be used to solve this problem; this is one of many resources contained within the tutorial. Two chemical engineering professors at Carnegie Mellon University are the authors of Retrospective on Optimization (3), a fairly comprehensive paper chronicling the history of optimization problems and the development of solution methods. The 51-page document is divided into two main parts; the first outlines some of the most significant advances in the field, and the second looks ahead toward key areas of research needed to evolve optimization further. Highway planning and development is the focus of this paper (4), which proposes using, among other things, genetic algorithms to optimize highway alignment. The authors state that this technique could be used to avoid delays and added costs due to changing plans later in the construction process. Another use of genetic algorithms in optimization is highlighted in this document from the German Aerospace Center (5). The document describes how a novel method for robot design, which involves formulating mathematical representations of robotic constraints and kinematics. These figures can then be used as parameters in a genetic algorithm that would optimize component placement while maintaining the desired functionality. A joint effort between architecture and mechanical engineering researchers at the University of Michigan (6) applied geometrical and topological optimization techniques to building floorplan layout. In the course of their research, they developed an optimization tool that is briefly described and can be downloaded from a Web site given in the paper. The Mathematical Programming Glossary (7) contains short discussions of hundreds of terms related to optimization theory. Each entry includes a clear definition and hyperlinks to other terms, and some of the entries are accompanied by a more in-depth supplement. One of the best sources for current research papers and reports is Optimization Online (8). This repository receives numerous submissions each month, and papers can be browsed by data added or category.

Leske, Cavin.

241

School Of Mathematics and Statistics Single Honours Mathematics  

E-print Network

1 School Of Mathematics and Statistics Single Honours Mathematics BSc Mathematics MMath Mathematics BSc Financial Mathematics MMath Mathematics with French Language MMath Mathematics with German Language MMath Mathematics with Spanish Language BSc Mathematics with Study in Europe MMath Mathematics

242

Elementary Mathematics Guide, K-7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Grades K-7. SUBJECT MATTER: Mathematics. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The main section of the guide entitled "Mathematical Strands with Teaching Suggestions" has the following subsections: 1) sets and numbers, 2) numeration, 3) operations on whole numbers, 4) rational numbers, 5) geometry, and 6) measurement. Other…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond.

243

Secondary Mathematics Teacher Certification Requirements Mathematics  

E-print Network

Secondary Mathematics Teacher Certification Requirements Mathematics Undergraduate Program:______________ Date:______________ Date:______________ Date:______________ MATHEMATICS CORE REQUIREMENTS MATH 151 Introduction to Mathematical Analysis I CMSC 201 Computer Science I MATHEMATICS EDUCATION CONCENTRATION

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

244

Credit Card Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of mathematics is full of rich examples that can help students to see the place of the discipline within our cultural heritage. Valuable as this can be, it also has the unfortunate side-effect of making students think that all the math has already been done and they do not get a sense that the subject is dynamic and growing.…

Wood, Eric

2004-01-01

245

Mathematical Intrusions in Literatures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an activity that can be carried out in one of the final classes of Italian secondary schools. The aim of the activity is to stimulate pupil curiosity, demonstrating that Mathematics is not a barren subject and allowing the students, according to an interdisciplinary point of view, to investigate some literary works and the…

Modica, Erasmo

2011-01-01

246

Chinese Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of St. Andrews Scotland offers this website on the history of Chinese Mathematics. Key features highlighted in the overview include: a discussion of the Chinese version of Pythagoras's theorem, a famous Chinese mathematics book commonly known as the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, and the work of several Chinese mathematicians. Visitors to the website can also browse a chronological listing of several Chinese mathematicians and read about their careers. Other features of the website include a section summarizing each chapter from the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, a section highlighting ten other mathematical classics, a review of the Chinese numeral system, and a collection of Chinese problems, which are extracted from various articles in their archive.

247

Graduating STEM Competent and Confident Teachers: The Creation of a STEM Certificate for Elementary Education Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collaborative of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) and education faculty developed a STEM certificate aimed at elementary education majors. A four-phase process model was used to create and evaluate courses. The certificate is comprised of three interdisciplinary, team-taught, lab-based courses: Environmental Biology,…

Murphy, Tony P.; Mancini-Samuelson, Gina J.

2012-01-01

248

Addressing the STEM Teacher Shortage in American Schools: Ways to Recruit and Retain Effective STEM Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortage of certified science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) teachers is of concern throughout the United States because of significant numbers needed over the next over the next 10 years. Addressing this issue in education, this study examined the experiences of three new STEM teachers who entered teaching through different…

Hutchison, Laveria F.

2012-01-01

249

The Development of the STEM Career Interest Survey (STEM-CIS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationally, efforts to increase student interest in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers have been on the rise. It is often the goal of such efforts that increased interest in STEM careers should stimulate economic growth and enhance innovation. Scientific and educational organizations recommend that efforts to…

Kier, Meredith W.; Blanchard, Margaret R.; Osborne, Jason W.; Albert, Jennifer L.

2014-01-01

250

Increasing the Number of STEM Graduates: Insights from the U.S. STEM Education & Modeling Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Business-Higher Education Forum's (BHEF's) Securing America's Leadership in STEM Initiative has broken new ground in addressing one of the nation's most critical challenges--increasing the number of students who are interested in and pursue careers in science, technology, engineering or mathematics, the so-called "STEM" fields. The Initiative,…

Business-Higher Education Forum (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

251

Mathematical Moments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mathematical Moments is a program that encourages "appreciation and understanding of the role mathematics plays in science, nature, technology, and human culture." Created by the American Mathematical Society, it does not have a specific target audience, but rather is intended for anyone wanting to learn about the importance of math in practical applications. The program's Web site contains nearly 30 one-page brochures that demonstrate how math is used in areas such as aircraft design, Internet security, and iris recognition.

252

Connecting the STEM Dots: Measuring the Effect of an Integrated Engineering Design Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent publications have elevated the priority of increasing the integration of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) content for K-12 education. The STEM education community must invest in the development of valid and reliable to scales to measure STEM content, knowledge fusion, and perceptions of the nature of STEM. This brief…

Hernandez, Paul R.; Bodin, Ralph; Elliott, Jonathan W.; Ibrahim, Badaruddin; Rambo-Hernandez, Karen E.; Chen, Thomas W.; de Miranda, Michael A.

2014-01-01

253

Alice Hagar Curriculum Resource Center: STEM Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM) web site of the Alice Hagar Curriculum Resources Center provides resources to PK-12 teachers, pre-service teachers, librarians, and others interested in STEM education. Materials include national, state, and AAAS educational standards for science, mathematics, and technology, and a set of lists of books on STEM topics. There is also a set of links to STEM-related websites on educational reform, effective teaching and learning, professional organizations, education and outreach, and other topics, and information on outreach activities of the University of Wisconsin-Lacrosse Murphy Library.

2007-08-03

254

STEM Equity Pipeline  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a past president of the National Academy of Engineering put it, "A consequence of lack of diversity...[is that] we pay an opportunity cost, a cost in designs not thought of, in solutions not produced." Thus, in an effort to increase the diversity of the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) workforce, STEM Equity Pipeline was developed. The "Online Resources" section of their website offers visitors a wide variety of resources, including "pamphlets/brochures", "posters", "scholarships" and "videos". The "Curriculum" resource is particularly rich and it offers over 50 websites that contain single activities, whole lesson plans or hands-on explorations. Some of the titles visitors might find valuable are "Some Disassembly Required", which employs reverse engineering (or taking things apart) to learn how they work, "Teaching Tool for Introductory Programming Concepts", to teach students computer programming in a 3D environment, and "Home Science Adventures", science lessons and plans for home- schoolers.

2011-06-17

255

Science Mathematics Engineering  

E-print Network

Science Mathematics Engineering . ­ p.1 #12;Science Mathematics Engineering Science, Computer `Science', . ­ p.1 #12;Science Mathematics Engineering Science, Computer `Science', Mathematics, . ­ p.1 #12;Science Mathematics Engineering Science, Computer `Science', Mathematics, and Software Development

Hamlet, Richard

256

Mathematics & Degree options  

E-print Network

132 Mathematics & Statistics Degree options MMath (Single Honours Degrees) Mathematics Applied Mathematics Pure Mathematics Statistics BSc or MA (Single Honours Degrees) Mathematics Statistics [If you wish (Joint Honours Degrees) Mathematics and one of: Biology Chemistry Computer Science Economics Geography

Brierley, Andrew

257

International Mathematics Education  

E-print Network

International Mathematics Education Masters Programme www.uni-bremen.de/international-mathematics-education Professional Development for Mathematics Teachers in International Schools International school mathematics in International Mathematics Education. The programme combines foci in mathematics, education and international

Hoffmeister, Thomas S.

258

Detecting Water Stress in Trees Using Stem Electrical Conductivity Measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using time domain refl ectometry (TDR), we studied stem water content (?stem), stem elec- trical conductivity (?stem), and their ratio for 220 d in stressed, installation-cured, living trees of four species. Lysimeter-grown mango (Mangifera indica L.), banana (Musa acuminata Colla), date (Phoenix dactylifera L.), and olive (Olea europaea L.) were subjected to several types of mild (intensity and duration) water

Arie Nadler; Eran Raveh; Uri Yermiyahu; Marcos Lado; Ahmed Nasser; Mordechai Barak; Steve Green

2008-01-01

259

Mathematical Creativity and Mathematics Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter, we address the notion of mathematical creativity by taking into account specific research findings from contemporary\\u000a literature. We do not attempt a summative review or a meta-synthesis of what is known, instead we focus on findings related\\u000a to what it means to solve a problem in mathematics, and unpack different constituent ideas in mathematical creativity, such\\u000a as

Bharath Sriraman; Narges Yaftian; Kyeong Hwa Lee

260

Experimental Mathematics and Mathematical Physics  

SciTech Connect

One of the most effective techniques of experimental mathematics is to compute mathematical entities such as integrals, series or limits to high precision, then attempt to recognize the resulting numerical values. Recently these techniques have been applied with great success to problems in mathematical physics. Notable among these applications are the identification of some key multi-dimensional integrals that arise in Ising theory, quantum field theory and in magnetic spin theory.

Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Jonathan M.; Broadhurst, David; Zudilin, Wadim

2009-06-26

261

Thinking and Creativity in Learning Mathematics Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparation to teach school mathematics should include developing an understanding of classroom mathematical interactions. The research literature and professional expertise agree that a teacher's ability to respond to classroom mathematical interactions depends on her understanding of the subject matter within pedagogical situations. As a…

Rosu, Luisa Maria

2010-01-01

262

Honors in Mathematics Writing a Senior Thesis  

E-print Network

serve as sources of questions or subjects that interest you. In the past, tutorials and reading courses in Mathematics, a student must submit a senior thesis. This is the only requirement for honors eligibility students for graduation with honors in Mathematics on the basis of course grades in mathematics, the senior

Wolfe, Patrick J.

263

Expanding your horizons in science and mathematics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the 'Expanding Your Horizons in Science and Mathematics' program is to interest young women in grades six through twelve in a variety of careers where mathematics and science are important. Progress in encouraging young women to take courses in mathematics, science, and technological subjects is discussed. Also included are adult, student, and organizational information packets used for 'Expanding Your Horizons' conferences.

Palmer, Cynthia E. A.

1995-01-01

264

Technical Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manuscript provides information and problems for teaching mathematics to vocational education students. Problems reflect applications of mathematical concepts to specific technical areas. The materials are organized into six chapters. Chapter 1 covers basic arithmetic, including fractions, decimals, ratio and proportions, percentages, and…

Flannery, Carol A.

265

Vaccination Mathematics  

E-print Network

Vaccination Strategies for Epidemic Models Douglas B. Meade Department of Mathematics University://www.math.sc.edu/~meade/ 27 May 1999 #12; May 1999 IMA Mathematical Biology Seminar 0 Vaccination Strategies for Epidemic and natural death -- no death from infection -- no vaccination Ref: Shulgin, Stone, and Agur, Bull Math Bio

Meade, Douglas B.

266

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics. Therefore, since the distance from Q to R equals the distance from P to Q, then the F will rotate another base AB of length 12 - (-3) = 15 and height being the distance from C to the line segment AB, or 4

Le Roy, Robert J.

267

Mathematics Scrapbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One section of this "scrapbook" section describes Pythagoras' belief in the connections between music and mathematics -- that everything in the universe was a series of harmonies and regulated by music. Another section explains why Phythagoras felt it important for women to be encouraged to learn mathematics. At least 28 women were involved in his…

Prochazka, Helen

2004-01-01

268

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics response form, print your school name, city/town, and province in the box in the upper left corner. 5. Be certain that you code your name, age, sex, grade, and the Contest you are writing in the response form

Le Roy, Robert J.

269

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics with a pencil, preferably HB. Fill in circles completely. 4. On your response form, print your school name, city/town, and province in the box in the upper left corner. 5. Be certain that you code your name, age, sex, grade

Le Roy, Robert J.

270

Mathematics Competition  

E-print Network

Canadian Mathematics Competition An activity of the Centre for Education in Mathematics. Fill in circles completely. 4. On your response form, print your school name, city/town, and province in the box in the upper left corner. 5. Be certain that you code your name, age, sex, grade, and the Contest

Le Roy, Robert J.

271

Page 1 of 29 HUMAN STEM CELL RESEARCH OVERSIGHT PROGRAM  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 29 HUMAN STEM CELL RESEARCH OVERSIGHT PROGRAM POLICY AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES subjects that is subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 4. Human Stem Cell Research Oversight education of investigators involved in human stem cell research. 5. Embryonic Germ Cells: Cells found

Loudon, Catherine

272

Stem Cells and Diseases  

MedlinePLUS

... Can Stem Cells Help my Medical Condition? Stem Cell Information Frequently Asked Questions What are stem cells? ... policy? More FAQs Links to related resources Stem Cell Research Center for Regenerative Medicine NIH Stem Cell ...

273

London Mathematical Society Advancing Mathematics  

E-print Network

for the Society to maintain its position of influence and provide a solid base for dealing with future issuesAnnuAl Review 2011-2012 London Mathematical Society Advancing Mathematics #12;Cover image: 2012 LMS as President of the LMS, and I am coming to understand the range of the Society's roles and activities

Mottram, Nigel

274

Mathematics Genealogy Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mathematics Genealogy Project is maintained by the Department of Mathematics at North Dakota State University. The goal of this project is "to compile information about ALL the mathematicians of the world." It is soliciting information from anyone who participates in the development of research level mathematics or has information on mathematicians to include in the database. The site notes some of the challenges to this project such as imperfect data sources and the ways in which the model the project is using may be anachronistic for the earlier periods. Nonetheless, as of May 15, 2005, the project has amassed 86,827 records. The database can be searched by a variety of criteria, such as individual name, name of school, year of degree, country, math subject, or key word from a thesis.

275

Identifying and Nurturing Future Innovators in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics: A Review of Findings from the Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls to strengthen education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are underscored by employment trends and the importance of STEM innovation for the economy. The Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth (SMPY) has been tracking over 5,000 talented individuals longitudinally for 40 years, throwing light on critical questions…

Benbow, Camilla Persson

2012-01-01

276

Restoring stemness.  

PubMed

This essay is focused on a specific line of research toward regenerative therapies that is based on the use of embryonic stem cells but tries to avoid cloning techniques that are the heart of current ethical debates. PMID:16351688

Westphal, Heiner

2005-12-01

277

Stem cells, dot-com.  

PubMed

Direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising of suspect goods and services has burgeoned because of the Internet. Despite very limited approval for use, DTC stem cell-marketed "treatments" have emerged for an array of conditions, creating global public health and safety risks. However, it remains unclear whether such use of stem cells is subject to drugs or biologics regulations. To address this gap, regulatory agencies should be given clear authority, and the international community should create a framework for appropriate stem cell use. In addition, consumer protection laws should be used to scrutinize providers. PMID:22972840

Liang, Bryan A; Mackey, Tim K

2012-09-12

278

International Mathematics Education  

E-print Network

International Mathematics Education Professional Development for Mathematics Teachers Education(November2012-February2013) Problem Solving and Problem Based Teaching in Mathematics Education(March-June2013) #12;International Mathematics Education - Professional Development for Mathematics Teachers

Hoffmeister, Thomas S.

279

Mathematics Department Millersville University  

E-print Network

1 Mathematics Department Millersville University Master of Education in Mathematics (M.Ed.) #12;2 MASTER OF EDUCATION DEGREE IN MATHEMATICS Contents 1. Introduction ......................................................................................................2 a. Millersville University b. The Mathematics Department c. The Field of Mathematics Education Two

Hardy, Christopher R.

280

MATHEMATICS: RETHINKING THE TRANSITION  

E-print Network

SENIOR SECONDARY MATHEMATICS: RETHINKING THE TRANSITION BILL BARTON THE UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND, NZ #12;THE ENVISIONING PROJECT · Mathematics education project of NZIMA (New Zealand Institute of Mathematics & Its Applications--the mathematics research funding body). · Brought together mathematics

Peters, Achim

281

A framework for assessing mathematical creativity in school chilren  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the neglect of the study of creativity specifically within the subject of school mathematics, the notion of creativity is apparently considered by many mathematical educators to be relevant and important in terms of children doing mathematics. Some of the research and literature associated with creativity in school mathematics, mainly from English speaking countries, is reviewed. Particular attention

Derek W. Haylock

1987-01-01

282

The Effects of Exploratory Learning Environments on Students' Mathematics Achievements  

E-print Network

deeper understanding of mathematical relationships and concepts (Kaput, 1989; National Council of Teachers of Mathematics [NCTM], 2000; Porzio, 1999). Representations, especially their graphical forms, can also be perceived as learning experiences...? (NCTM, 2000, p. 4). Identifying meaningful representations that are attractive and conveyable to elementary mathematics students appears to have a profound impact on their mathematics education and interest in studying this subject. Internal...

Sokolowski, Andrzej

2013-07-05

283

TDmat--Mathematics Diagnosis Evaluation Test for Engineering Sciences Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1989, the Mathematics Education Project (PmatE--Projecto Matematica Ensino) has developed several strategies to improve the success of students in Mathematics. The most important of these are mathematical games for all grades above primary school. The online evaluation of Mathematics subjects is one of PmatE's goals. The implementation of an…

Pinto, J. S.; Oliveira, M. P.; Anjo, A. B.; Pais, S. I. Vieira; Isidro, R. O.; Silva, M. H.

2007-01-01

284

School of Mathematical Sciences MSc Mathematics and MSc Mathematical Finance  

E-print Network

School of Mathematical Sciences MSc Mathematics and MSc Mathematical Finance WELCOME EVENT 4 Facilities (Matthew Harvey, Finance and Facilities Officer) 3. SMS IT Facilities and Logins (Sysman) 4 Mathematical Finance (room MTH 103) Introduction to the MSc Mathematical Finance (Prof. Alexander Gnedin

Wright, Francis

285

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Talent Expansion Program (STEP)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Talent Expansion Program (STEP) seeks to increase the number of students (U.S. citizens or permanent residents) receiving associate or baccalaureate degrees in established or emerging fields within science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Type 1 proposals are solicited that provide for full implementation efforts at academic institutions. Type 2 proposals are solicited that support educational research projects on associate or baccalaureate degree attainment in STEM.

Foundation, National S.

2008-05-19

286

Effect of Gender, Achievement in Mathematics, and Grade Level on Attitudes toward Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of gender, math achievement, and grade level on attitudes toward mathematics were examined by use of an inventory, Attitudes Toward Mathematics Instrument. Subjects were 803 bilingual, middle and high school students. The data were analyzed using a multivariate factorial model with four factors of Mathematics Attitudes as dependent…

Tapia, Martha; Marsh, George E., II

287

Mathematical Perspectives  

SciTech Connect

Progress for the past decade or so has been extraordinary. The solution of Fermat's Last Theorem [11] and of the Poincare Conjecture [1] have resolved two of the most outstanding challenges to mathematics. For both cases, deep and advanced theories and whole subfields of mathematics came into play and were developed further as part of the solutions. And still the future is wide open. Six of the original seven problems from the Clay Foundation challenge remain open, the 23 DARPA challenge problems are open. Entire new branches of mathematics have been developed, including financial mathematics and the connection between geometry and string theory, proposed to solve the problems of quantized gravity. New solutions of the Einstein equations, inspired by shock wave theory, suggest a cosmology model which fits accelerating expansion of the universe possibly eliminating assumptions of 'dark matter'. Intellectual challenges and opportunities for mathematics are greater than ever. The role of mathematics in society continues to grow; with this growth comes new opportunities and some growing pains; each will be analyzed here. We see a broadening of the intellectual and professional opportunities and responsibilities for mathematicians. These trends are also occuring across all of science. The response can be at the level of the professional societies, which can work to deepen their interactions, not only within the mathematical sciences, but also with other scientific societies. At a deeper level, the choices to be made will come from individual mathematicians. Here, of course, the individual choices will be varied, and we argue for respect and support for this diversity of responses. In such a manner, we hope to preserve the best of the present while welcoming the best of the new.

Glimm, J.

2009-10-14

288

Mathematical Fiction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Alex Kasman, Associate Professor in the College of Charleston Department of Mathematics, has compiled this list of Mathematical Fiction. The books and stories listed here may be of interest to teachers or anyone wanting to read about mathematics from a literary perspective. The collection is organized so that visitors can browse by medium (which includes 22 entries that are categorized as "Available Free Online"), genre, motif, or topic. Some motifs include Evil Mathematicians, Female Mathematicians, Insanity, Math as Beautiful/Exciting/Useful, and Math as Cold/Dry/Useless. Some examples of topics listed include Algebra/Arithmetic/Number Theory, Mathematical Physics, and Probability/Statistics. The category with by far the most entries is Science Fiction with Not Science-Fiction, Fantasy or Horror coming in at a close second. Visitors can also search the entire database, view entries by Title or Author or Year, or check out the 30 most recently added or modified entries. Each entry is followed by a sentence or two describing the article or book and some include a website link to the article or to Amazon.com for ordering information. Proceeds from sales made through the website go to the College of Charleston Department of Mathematics. This site is also reviewed in the December 3, 2004_NSDL MET Report_.

289

Mathematical Imagery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Mathematical Society has a section of its website devoted to the connection between mathematics and art, entitled Mathematical Imagery, which contains images of artworks from almost two dozen art exhibits. Visitors will find a quote on the right side of the homepage by G.H. Hardy that describes mathematicians and their relation to artists, as such: "A mathematician, like a painter or poet, is a maker of patterns. If his patterns are more permanent than theirs, it is because they are made with ideas." Visitors will likely be impressed by the works of art from the 2011 Mathematical Art Exhibition in New Orleans at the Joint Mathematics Meetings. The piece entitled "Gaussian Wave Packet Sculpture" looks like mid-century modern furniture design. Visitors won't want to miss the piece entitled "MacDuff's Shield" which combines Shakespeare's Macbeth with the Mandelbrot set. Finally, visitors interested in seeing a piece that looks like a deconstructed watermelon, will want to check out "Flora #1 (time slice).

290

Mathematical Constants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features supplementary materials for a book called Mathematical Constants by Stephen Finch, a Clay Mathematics Institute Book Fellow. The book is a collection of stories about 136 mathematical constants that, according to one reviewer, "will startle us, intrigue us and nurture our quest of mysterious patterns amongst numbers and structures." On this website, the author has errata and addenda to the book as well as some sample essays on integer compositions, optimal stopping and Reuleaux triangles. Supplementary materials are organized by topic, which include Number Theory and Combinatorics, Geometry and Topology, Probability and Stochastic Processes, Real and Complex Analysis, and Inequalities and Approximation. The website also includes links to the book publisher and companies selling the book as well as some of the author's favorite websites.

291

Mathematical Snippets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, created by the Mathematics Department at Bellevue Community College in Bellevue, Washington, contains descriptions of six mathematical concepts: the Pythagorean Theorem, Archimedes' Tombstone, the Mobius Strip, the Koch Snowflake Curve, Plateau's Problem, and Counting to Infinity. Each snippet contains a very brief history and an explanation of the concept. Illustrations are used to convey the physical meaning and consequences of each concept. Plateau's Problem and Counting to Infinity contain links to web sites that provide additional information about persons or concepts mentioned in the snippet.

1997-01-01

292

The Development of the STEM Career Interest Survey (STEM-CIS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Internationally, efforts to increase student interest in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers have been on the rise. It is often the goal of such efforts that increased interest in STEM careers should stimulate economic growth and enhance innovation. Scientific and educational organizations recommend that efforts to interest students in STEM majors and careers begin at the middle school level, a time when students are developing their own interests and recognizing their academic strengths. These factors have led scholars to call for instruments that effectively measure interest in STEM classes and careers, particularly for middle school students. In response, we leveraged the social cognitive career theory to develop a survey with subscales in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. In this manuscript, we detail the six stages of development of the STEM Career Interest Survey. To investigate the instrument's reliability and psychometric properties, we administered this 44-item survey to over 1,000 middle school students (grades 6-8) who primarily were in rural, high-poverty districts in the southeastern USA. Confirmatory factor analyses indicate that the STEM-CIS is a strong, single factor instrument and also has four strong, discipline-specific subscales, which allow for the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics subscales to be administered separately or in combination. This instrument should prove helpful in research, evaluation, and professional development to measure STEM career interest in secondary level students.

Kier, Meredith W.; Blanchard, Margaret R.; Osborne, Jason W.; Albert, Jennifer L.

2014-06-01

293

STEM Transitions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Under the direction of the Center for Occupational Research and Development (CORD), the STEM Transitions initiative has worked with 40 community college faculty to create integrated curriculum projects for use in math, science, and technical courses in the six STEM-related clusters. Much of this work has been funded by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Vocational and Adult Education. First-time visitors can get an overview in the "Using This Site" area and then visit the "Integrated Projects" area. After signing up for a free account, they can take advantage of over 60 lesson plans and activities such as "The Secret Ingredient: Nutrient Analysis of Selected Food Items" and "Good Dirty, Bad Dirty: Soil Types and Erosion Potential." The site also provides information about upcoming webinars and workshops sponsored by the STEM Transitions, along with information about their faculty affiliates.

294

Research and Teaching: Project-Based Instruction with Future STEM Educators--An Interdisciplinary Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study documented the means by which STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) educators experienced the mathematics and science associated with understanding lunar phenomena. The article reports how well STEM education graduate students interacted with projectbased materials as they engaged in interdisciplinary teaching and…

Wilhelm, Jennifer

2014-01-01

295

Journal of STEM Education: Innovations and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This peer-reviewed, web-only publication explores innovations and emerging topics in undergraduate teaching and learning in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (STEM). It emphasizes real-world case studies that are relevant and important to STEM practitioners. Case studies often cover nontechnical issues such as finance, cost, management, risk, and safety. Case studies are typically framed around problems and issues facing a decision maker in an organization. The journal aims to develop student thinking and problem solving and understands recent developments that impact STEM education in areas of policy and industry needs.

Research, The I.

296

MATHEMATICS Mathematics, one of the oldest and  

E-print Network

MATHEMATICS Mathematics, one of the oldest and most basic disciplines, continues to address, and the use of satellites for communication. There are two broad categories of mathematics: (1) pure, or theoretical, mathematics and (2) applied, or practical, mathematics. Pure mathematicians usually obtain the Ph

297

School of Mathematics `Studying Mathematics, the  

E-print Network

School of Mathematics `Studying Mathematics, the beautiful and intriguing language of the universe, opens doors' Dr Chris Good What difference will you make? #12;Contents Why study mathematics at Birmingham? 3 University mathematics: a breakdown 4­5 Programmes in the School of Mathematics 6 Years 1 and 2

Birmingham, University of

298

Performance of Students with Weak Mathematics in First-Year Mathematics and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, significant numbers of academics from the science and health disciplines at our institution have found that their students lack the appropriate "mathematical" background to cope with first-year science subjects. Consequently, failure rates are on the increase in these subjects. The mathematical background of students entering…

Rylands, L. J.; Coady, C.

2009-01-01

299

Preparing the Future STEM Workforce for Diverse Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the belief that diversity breeds innovation in scientific endeavors, there is a national push for more diversity in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce in order to maintain national economic competitiveness. Currently, STEM-related employment is only 28% non-White; however, greater efforts to recruit…

Daily, Shaundra Bryant; Eugene, Wanda

2013-01-01

300

Advancing STEM Undergraduate Learning: Preparing the Nation's Future Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate students and post-doctoral scholars at research universities will shape the future of undergraduate education in the natural and social sciences, technology, engineering, and mathematics (the STEM disciplines) in the United States. In 2009 alone, more than 41,000 doctorates were awarded in STEM fields, and if employment trends hold,…

Pfund, Christine; Mathieu, Robert; Austin, Ann; Connolly, Mark; Manske, Brian; Moore, Katie

2012-01-01

301

Report on STEM Graduation and Enrollment Trends. April 2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report on Arkansas STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) program activity is to inform education and policy makers about the need to prepare and graduate more students with degrees in STEM-related fields as defined by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). Arkansas is witnessing a significant…

Jenkins, Rick; Butler, Sharon; Mitchell, Suzanne

2013-01-01

302

Report on STEM Graduation and Enrollment Trends. February 2014  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report on Arkansas STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) program activity is to inform education and policy makers about the need to prepare and graduate more students with degrees in STEM related fields as defined by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). Arkansas is witnessing a significant…

Jenkins, Rick; Butler, Sharon; Mitchell, Suzanne

2014-01-01

303

Report on STEM Graduation and Enrollment Trends. June 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report on Arkansas STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) program activity is to inform education and policy makers about the need to prepare and graduate more students with degrees in STEM related fields as defined by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). Arkansas is witnessing a significant…

Jenkins, Rick; Mitchell, Suzanne

2012-01-01

304

Advancing the "E" in K-12 STEM Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological fields, like engineering, are in desperate need of more qualified workers, yet not enough students are pursuing studies in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) that would prepare them for technical careers. Unfortunately, many students have no interest in STEM careers, particularly engineering, because they are not…

Rockland, Ronald; Bloom, Diane S.; Carpinelli, John; Burr-Alexander, Levelle; Hirsch, Linda S.; Kimmel, Howard

2010-01-01

305

Shifting Expectations: Bringing STEM to Scale through Expanded Learning Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expanded learning opportunities, such as afterschool and summer programs, are particularly well positioned to help address science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education crisis. A large percentage of youth participating in afterschool programs are members of groups traditionally underrepresented in STEM fields. Additionally,…

Donner, Jessica; Wang, Yvonne

2013-01-01

306

Learning Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990-91, 20 countries (Brazil, Canada, China, England, France, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Korea, Mozambique, Portugal, Scotland, Slovenia, Soviet Union, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, and the United States) surveyed the mathematics and science performance of 13-year-old students (and 14 countries also assessed 9-year-olds in the same…

Lapointe, Archie E.; And Others

307

Mathematical Techniques in the Evolutionary Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases  

E-print Network

1 Mathematical Techniques in the Evolutionary Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases Troy Day The epidemiology of infectious diseases is a vibrant and growing area of research. Mathematics has come to play of infectious disease stems, in part, from the high levels of genetic variation that are often generated through

Linder, Tamás

308

Predicting Teacher NTE Scores in Mathematics and Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Estimates of the criterion-related validity for the National Teacher Examinations (NTE) in mathematics and science were determined empirically. Results suggest that the science tests are not as useful as the mathematics tests as indicators of subject knowledge. (GK)

Willson, Victor L.; Stoller, Jane E.

1981-01-01

309

Helping Students Succeed within Secondary-Level STEM Content: Using the "T" in STEM to Improve Literacy Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy and other content-specific demands presented within science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) coursework can overwhelm all students and especially students with learning challenges. Although STEM content is often complex in itself (e.g., numerous multisyllabic words, lengthy expository texts, abstract concepts), some…

Kennedy, Michael J.; Wexler, Jade

2013-01-01

310

Cross-National Differences in Participating in Tertiary Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In many western countries attention is currently being given to the participation of students in tertiary Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. This is a result of internationally competing economic ambitions, coupled with acute shortages on the STEM labour market, a declining interest among students for STEM education and a long-lasting under-representation of women. However, despite similarities concerning

Annemarie van Langen; Hetty Dekkers

311

Cross?national differences in participating in tertiary science, technology, engineering and mathematics education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many western countries attention is currently being given to the participation of students in tertiary Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. This is a result of internationally competing economic ambitions, coupled with acute shortages on the STEM labour market, a declining interest among students for STEM education and a long?lasting under?representation of women. However, despite similarities concerning policy

Annemarie van Langen; Hetty Dekkers

2005-01-01

312

Mathematical Software Digital Library of Mathematical Functions  

E-print Network

65 Mathematical Software Digital Library of Mathematical Functions Daniel Lozier Qiming Wang (NIST to the dramatic rise of computational power. The first objective of the Digital Library of Mathematical Functions

Perkins, Richard A.

313

Supportive Teaching and Learning Strategies in STEM Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1996 Advisory Committee report to the National Science Foundation, "Shaping the Future: New Expectations for Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology," called for many changes in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education. The committee's overriding recommendation was that "all…

Smith, Karl A.; Douglas, Tameka Clarke; Cox, Monica F.

2009-01-01

314

Community Colleges Giving Students a Framework for STEM Careers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the coming decade, America will need one million more science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professionals than was originally projected. This is the conclusion of a February 2012 report, "Engage to Excel: Producing One Million Additional College Graduates with Degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics".…

Musante, Susan

2012-01-01

315

Constructivism, mathematics and mathematics education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning theories such as behaviourism, Piagetian theories and cognitive psychology, have been dominant influences in education this century. This article discusses and supports the recent claim that Constructivism is an alternative paradigm, that has rich and significant consequences for mathematics education. In the United States there is a growing body of published research that claims to demonstrate the distinct nature

Stephen Lerman

1989-01-01

316

Effective Practices for Evaluating STEM Out-of-School Time Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs in out-of-school time (OST) are designed to supplement school work, ignite student interest, and extend STEM learning. From interactive museum exhibits to summer-long science camps, opportunities for informal student engagement in STEM learning abound. The differences these programs…

Wilkerson, Stephanie B.; Haden, Carol M.

2014-01-01

317

Hierarchical Mentoring: A Transformative Strategy for Improving Diversity and Retention in Undergraduate STEM Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, less than half of the students who enter into science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) undergraduate curricula as freshmen will actually graduate with a STEM degree. There is even greater disparity in the national STEM graduation rates of students from underrepresented groups with approximately three-fourths…

Wilson, Zakiya S.; Holmes, Lakenya; deGravelles, Karin; Sylvain, Monica R.; Batiste, Lisa; Johnson, Misty; McGuire, Saundra Y.; Pang, Su Seng; Warner, Isiah M.

2012-01-01

318

Re-Imagining Specialized STEM Academies: Igniting and Nurturing "Decidedly Different Minds", by Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a personal vision and conceptual design for reimagining specialized science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) academies designed to nurture "decidedly different" STEM minds and ignite a new generation of global STEM talent, innovation, and entrepreneurial leadership. This design enables students to engage…

Marshall, Stephanie Pace

2010-01-01

319

Noise-Driven Stem Cell and Progenitor Population Martin Hoffmann1  

E-print Network

Noise-Driven Stem Cell and Progenitor Population Dynamics Martin Hoffmann1 *, Hannah H. Chang2 between maintenance of the stem cell state and terminal differentiation is influenced by the cellular present a novel mathematical concept in which stem cell and progenitor population dynamics are described

Bernard, Samuel

320

Impact of Environmental Power Monitoring Activities on Middle School Student Perceptions of STEM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle school is a crucial stage in student development as students prepare for a fast changing future. The science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) skills that students acquire in middle school lay the foundation for a successful career in STEM. Moreover, most STEM occupations require competencies in science, math and logical…

Knezek, Gerald; Christensen, Rhonda; Tyler-Wood, Tandra; Periathiruvadi, Sita

2013-01-01

321

Understanding STEM Education and Supporting Students through Universal Design for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite an increased national focus on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) instruction, students with high incidence disabilities continue to struggle with STEM content at both the K-12 and postsecondary levels. As a result, very few students with disabilities pursue STEM careers. This article provides K-12 special education…

Basham, James D.; Marino, Matthew T.

2013-01-01

322

Out-of-School Time Science Activities and Their Association with Career Interest in STEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spurred by concerns about an inadequately sized science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce, there has been a growing interest in out-of-school time (OST) science activities as a means to foster STEM career interest. This study examines the association between OST science activities and STEM career interest in university through a logistic regression model and the calculation of prototypical odds

Katherine P. Dabney; Robert H. Tai; John T. Almarode; Jaimie L. Miller-Friedmann; Gerhard Sonnert; Philip M. Sadler; Zahra Hazari

2011-01-01

323

Out-of-School Time Science Activities and Their Association with Career Interest in STEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spurred by concerns about an inadequately sized science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce, there has been a growing interest in out-of-school time (OST) science activities as a means to foster STEM career interest. This study examines the association between OST science activities and STEM career interest in university through a logistic regression model and the calculation of prototypical odds

Katherine P. Dabney; Robert H. Tai; John T. Almarode; Jaimie L. Miller-Friedmann; Gerhard Sonnert; Philip M. Sadler; Zahra Hazari

2012-01-01

324

On Mathematical Problem Posing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problem posing as a feature of creative activity or exceptional mathematical ability, inquiry-oriented instruction, mathematical activity, improving students' problem solving, a window into students' mathematical understanding, and improving students' disposition toward mathematics. (Contains 70 references.) (MKR)

Silver, Edward A.

1994-01-01

325

Finite Mathematics & Applied Calculus Resource Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Stefan Waner and Steven Costenoble of Hofstra University's Department of Mathematics (mentioned in the February 14, 1997 Scout Report) provide the Finite Mathematics & Applied Calculus Resource Website as a parallel resource for their textbook on these subjects. This excellent resource offers a plethora of opportunities for the user to enhance his or her mathematical skills. Sections included at the site are Simplex Method Tool, Matrix Algebra Tool, Markov System in Action, and On-Line Numerical Integration, among others. Each section discusses the subject as it relates to Finite Mathematics Applied to the Real World, Calculus Applied to the Real World, and Finite Mathematics & Calculus Applied to the Real World. A highlight of the site is the On-line Interactive Tutorials section. Each tutorial (Algebra, Finite Mathematics, and Calculus) section provides a brief summary of the discussed topic along with a review exercise and true/false quizzes. This site is well worth a visit.

Costenoble, Steven R., 1961-.; Waner, Stefan, 1949-.

326

Using Observing System Data in STEM Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) community is implementing several new observation systems that rely on sensor technology. With this revolution, the need to educate more science and engineering technicians to work (design, assemble, deploy, troubleshoot and communicate) with sensor networks and meet workforce demands will rise quickly in the near future. The incorporation of technology-enabled systems, tools and

Liesl Hotaling; Center forInnovation

2007-01-01

327

Embedding Multiple Literacies into STEM Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 2012, an interdisciplinary team of science, English, and library faculty embedded reading, writing, and information literacy strategies in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) curricula as a first step in improving student learning and retention in science courses and aligning them with the Next Generation Science and…

Soules, Aline; Nielsen, Sarah; LeDuc, Danika; Inouye, Caron; Singley, Jason; Wildy, Erica; Seitz, Jeff

2014-01-01

328

iSTEM: Tinkering with Buoyancy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the technology-rich twenty-first century, students are required to actively construct their knowledge and collaboratively engage in problem solving by using such skills as adaptability, communication, self-management, and systematic thinking. In accordance with this necessity, science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education…

Lee, Mi Yeon

2014-01-01

329

STEM Gets a Boost from Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

STEM--science, technology, engineering, and mathematics--has become a fixture of the education debate, and much effort already has been put toward improving student performance. Yet troubling statistics persist: On the latest round of testing for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), only 40 percent of fourth graders nationwide…

Rosen, Linda

2012-01-01

330

Cell Stem Cell Stem Cell States, Fates,  

E-print Network

and Stem Cell Research, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, Lund SE-223 62, Sweden 4Lund Strategic Research Center for Stem Cell Biology and Cell Therapy, LundCell Stem Cell Review Stem Cell States, Fates, and the Rules of Attraction Tariq Enver,1 Martin

Peterson, Carsten

331

study programs in mathematics  

E-print Network

study programs in m mathematics #12;#12;3 CONTENTS 5 Introduction 7 Mathematics at the University of Ljubljana 9 Department of Mathematics information page Academic study program in Mathematics Academic study program in Financial Mathematics Single cycle master's study program in Mathematics education

Â?umer, Slobodan

332

Dilemma in Teaching Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenge in mathematics education is finding the best way to teach mathematics. When students learn the reasoning and proving in mathematics, they will be proficient in mathematics. Students must know mathematics before they can apply it. Symbolism and logic is the key to both the learning of mathematics and its effective application to…

Md Kamaruddin, Nafisah Kamariah; Md Amin, Zulkarnain

2012-01-01

333

ENHANCING CORE MATHEMATICS COURSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Departments of Mathematics and Statistics at Grand Valley State University are engaged in a project to address the mathematical preparation of all its majors, including prospective elementary and secondary mathematics teachers. In this article, we describe how the mathematics and mathematics education faculty in our mathematics department formed a partnership and worked together to change two (Modern Algebra and

Esther Billings; Steven Schlicker; Karen Novotny; Akalu Tefera

2004-01-01

334

Philosophy, mathematics and education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central concern of the philosophy of mathematics is to give an account of the nature of mathematics. Views of the nature of mathematics are particularly important in the teaching of mathematics, where they can strongly influence the mathematics curriculum as taught to pupils. However, the distinction must be drawn between stated beliefs as to the nature of mathematics and

Paul Ernest

1989-01-01

335

American Mathematical Society Books Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Mathematical Society (AMS) was founded in 1888 in order to further mathematical research and scholarship. Since that time, they have embarked on a number of outreach programs designed to educate the public about the importance of various mathematical endeavors. In the past several years, they have been developing the AMS Books Online website, and it's quite a resource. The works were all originally published by the AMS, and they can be browsed by author or subject. The subject headings include analysis, general interest, logic and foundations, and number theory. Users can download individual chapters from each book, and there are currently over thirty books available on the site. Visitors should make sure and check back, as there are plans to add books to the site periodically.

336

American Mathematical Society Books Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Mathematical Society (AMS) was founded in 1888 in order to further mathematical research and scholarship. Since that time, they have embarked on a number of outreach programs designed to educate the public about the importance of various mathematical endeavors. In the past several years, they have been developing the AMS Books Online website, and it's quite a resource. The works were all originally published by the AMS, and they can be browsed by author or subject. The subject headings include analysis, general interest, logic and foundations, and number theory. Users can download individual chapters from each book, and there are currently over thirty books available on the site. Visitors should make sure and check back, as there are plans to add books to the site periodically.

2010-02-19

337

Advanced Mathematics from an Elementary Standpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents four areas of advanced mathematical research (fuzzy set theory, subjective probability, search theory, and Voronoi diagrams) that are proposed for introduction into teacher education programs from an elementary, survey perspective without the intention of accomplishing formal mathematical research, thereby challenging teachers' beliefs…

Mosquera, Julio C.

1992-01-01

338

Synopses for Modern Secondary School Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1959 Royaumont seminar "New Thinking in School Mathematics," having agreed on the need for modernization, recommended that a second group of experts work out detailed synopses of the entire subject matter of secondary school mathematics. This book is the report of the second seminar and contains the Dubrovnik Program which stimulated much…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Directorate for Scientific Affairs.

339

Mathematics and Academic Diversity in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese education has been the subject of considerable research and educational commentary in the United States over the last 20 years. Since the early 1990s, there has been increased interest in Japanese methods for teaching mathematics, and the Third International Mathematics and Science Study has accelerated American interest in Japanese…

Woodward, J.; Ono, Y.

2004-01-01

340

Mathematical Literacy Teachers: Can Anyone Be One?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this case study, Mathematical Literacy teachers were interviewed and observed in the classroom in order to provide insight into the way this subject, relatively new in South African schools, is handled. The focus of this research was the instructional practice of these teachers specifically in terms of their mathematical knowledge regarding the…

Botha, Hanlie; Maree, Jacobus; Stols, Gerrit

2014-01-01

341

Professional Development for Mid-level Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to identify the changes in (n=8) inservice teachers' conceptions or knowledge structures of mathematics and subject specific pedagogy as the teachers participated in a two-year pilot professional development program and began teaching middle school mathematics. Data collection consisted of a questionnaire,…

Scholz, Janet M.

342

Mathematical niche theory Mathematical niche theory  

E-print Network

Mathematical niche theory Mathematical niche theory G´eza Mesz´ena1 Gy¨orgy Barab´as2 KalleUniversity of Turku MMEE 2011, Groningen #12;Mathematical niche theory Outline 1 Introduction 2 Core theory 3 Ways of niche segragation 4 Controversies #12;Mathematical niche theory Introduction Why are there so

Meszéna, Géza

343

Mathematical Literacy and Standardized Mathematical Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical literacy is an important skill that is gaining the attention of mathematics educators. Students are increasingly challenged on standardized assessments to read, create, use, and comprehend numerous mathematical representations as a way of demonstrating mathematical literacy. Test items assessing algebra concepts from the Texas…

Matteson, Shirley M.

2006-01-01

344

MATHEMATICS 615 Mathematical Methods for Physics  

E-print Network

Methods for Scientists and Engineers. 4. G. B. Birkhoff and G. Rota, Ordinary Differential Equations. 5MATHEMATICS 615 Mathematical Methods for Physics LECTURE. MWF 12:20-1:10, MT206 DAN BARBASCH. tel Analysis. 2. G.B. Arfken, Mathematical Methods of Physics. 3. Bender and Orszag, Advanced Mathematical

Barbasch, Dan

345

Facilitating Change in Undergraduate STEM: The Need to Problematize and Improve Our Approaches to Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the last several decades, educational researchers have focused significant attention on the improvement of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) subjects. These researchers have identified many shortcomings of "traditional" lecture-based instruction and have developed and demonstrated the efficacy of alternative models of instruction. Yet, many STEM faculty continue to teach traditionally. To better understand this situation we have conducted an interdisciplinary literature review related to change strategies employed in the improvement of undergraduate STEM instruction. Results suggest that there are at least three important groups working towards such change and that approaches to change differ significantly by group. In this session, we will present an overview of the literature review. Participants will engage in discussions about how to combine the strengths of these different approaches towards promoting change as well as how to work towards an interdisciplinary agenda that can lead to improved communication and practice related to promoting change in undergraduate STEM instruction. Collaborators: Andrea Beach, Western Michigan University Noah Finkelstein, University of Colorado, Boulder

Henderson, Charles R.; Finkelstein, Noah D.; Beach, Andrea

2009-03-20

346

Solving America's Mathematics Education Problem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American students test poorly in mathematics compared to those in other developed--and in some cases, less developed--countries. While we have seen some signs of improved performance in recent years, these improvements are not yet evident among high school students. And the proportion of new college graduates who majored in math-intensive subjects

Vigdor, Jacob L.

2012-01-01

347

Exploring Mathematical Definition Construction Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The definition of "definition" cannot be taken for granted. The problem has been treated from various angles in different journals. Among other questions raised on the subject we find: the notions of "concept definition" and "concept image", conceptions of mathematical definitions, redefinitions, and from a more axiomatic point of view, how to…

Ouvrier-Buffet, Cecile

2006-01-01

348

Venturing toward better teaching: STEM professors' efforts to improve their introductory undergraduate pedagogy at major research universities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored 20 tenured professors' teaching improvement efforts in introductory undergraduate science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) classrooms at two major American research universities (MRUS). It identified the mechanisms central to these professors' efforts to improve their undergraduate teaching and the influences and resources shaping those efforts. Despite the billions of federal dollars invested in STEM educational enhancement, STEM professors' teaching improvement efforts are little understood. This research examined this problem through analysis of 40 in-depth interviews (two per participating professor), 36 observations of professors' classroom teaching, and hundreds of documents representing professors' instructional efforts and career progression. The following propositions summarize key study findings: First, contrary to prevailing views, some STEM professors in MRUs do engage in efforts to improve their introductory teaching. Second, some of these professors employ creative, strategic, and systematic designs in so doing. Third, STEM professors' teaching improvement efforts are contextualized by internal and external forces that may facilitate or stymie their teaching improvement endeavors. Finally, STEM professors may be aware of institutional and external resources available to them as supports toward introductory STEM teaching improvement. Taken together, the data suggest that some university STEM professors do engage in efforts to improve their teaching and that such effort may be more common than popular opinion holds. The study revealed the inaccuracy of common beliefs and policy assumptions that the large majority of MRU-based STEM professors neglect their introductory teaching, do not care about it, lack knowledge about students and pedagogy, and prefer use of (and consistently rely on) conventional teaching approaches. To the contrary, all 20 participating professors were found to devote extensive energy toward improving their introductory teaching. Further, all 20 participants indicated extensive knowledge of introductory STEM subject matter, students, and pedagogies. The study also identified over 30 innovative pedagogies that participating STEM professors employed in their classrooms. Drawing on these findings, the study calls for public and policy-level reconsiderations of what it means to be a research-active STEM professor, including revision of extant ideas about how these professors invest their energies and time, and what they care about.

Schell, Julie Anne

349

Mathematizing Darwin.  

PubMed

Ernst Mayr called the first part of the evolutionary synthesis the 'Fisherian synthesis' on account of the dominant role played by R.A. Fisher in forging a mathematical theory of natural selection together with J.B.S. Haldane and Sewall Wright in the decade 1922-1932. It is here argued that Fisher's contribution relied on a close reading of Darwin's work to a much greater extent than did the contributions of Haldane and Wright, that it was synthetic in contrast to their analytic approach and that it was greatly influenced by his friendship with the Darwin family, particularly with Charles's son Leonard. PMID:21423339

Edwards, A W F

2011-03-01

350

Illustrative Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website's initiative is to provide guidance to all invested parties in the implementation of the Common Core State Standards by illustrating the range and types of mathematical work that students experience in grades K-8. The website intends to create sets of tasks that, when taken together, illustrate a particular standard. Eventually, the goal is to have sets of tasks for each standard that: 1) Illuminate the central meaning of the standard and also show connections with other standards, 2) Clarify what is familiar about the standard and what is new with the Common Core, 3) Include both teaching and assessment tasks and 4) Reflect the full range of difficulty expected.

2012-01-01

351

Examining the Relationships among Classroom Climate, Self-Efficacy, and Achievement in Undergraduate Mathematics: A Multi-Level Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For nearly 50 years, leaders in American industry, military, education, and politics have focused considerable attention on STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education. Given the increased societal demand for STEM careers, the relationships among classroom climate, self-efficacy, and achievement in undergraduate mathematics

Peters, Michelle L.

2013-01-01

352

Science: Embryos and Stem Cells  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's quite easy to stay abreast of all the developments within the world of embryos and stem cell research with this handy site created and maintained by staff members at the Guardian newspaper. On their page, visitors can read news reports from the frontlines of scientific research in these areas, and also check out the latest posts from the weblogs they maintain on these matters. Further down the page, visitors will find a selection of specialized reports on both stem cell research and the manipulation and transformation of embryos. Visitors can also sign up to receive an RSS feed and even learn about related subjects, including genetics and biotechnology.

2008-06-04

353

Center on Education and The Workforce - STEM  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Occupations in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) "will only be 5 percent of all jobs in the U.S. economy by 2018," according to the Center on Education and the Workforce of Georgetown University. However, such occupations "are critical to our continued economic competitiveness because of their direct ties to innovation, economic growth, and productivity." Visitors will find the STEM Competencies slideshow gives a good overview of the uphill struggle to get more students to start higher education and graduate in STEM fields. Those visitors interested in a more detailed explanation of the benefit of working in STEM should check out the one of three ways to access the Center's webinar. In order to be kept updated on the group's work, visitors can sign up for a newsletter via the box on the homepage entitled Stay Informed.

2012-03-02

354

Informal STEM Education in Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tourism in Antarctica has increased dramatically with tens of thousands of tourists visiting the White Continent each year. Tourism cruises to Antarctica offer a unique educational experience for lay people through informal science-technology-engineering-mathematics (STEM) education. Passengers attend numerous scientific lectures that cover topics such as the geology of Antarctica, plate tectonics, glaciology, and climate change. Furthermore, tourists experience the geology and glaciology first hand during shore excursions. Currently, the grand challenges facing our global society are closely connected to the Earth sciences. Issues such as energy, climate change, water security, and natural hazards, are consistently on the legislative docket of policymakers around the world. However, the majority of the world’s population is uninformed about the role Earth sciences play in their everyday lives. Tourism in Antarctica provides opportunities for informal STEM learning and, as a result, tourists leave with a better understanding and greater appreciation for both Antarctica and Earth sciences.

Chell, K.

2010-12-01

355

Mathematics & MMath (Single Honours Degrees)  

E-print Network

124 Mathematics & Statistics MMath (Single Honours Degrees) Mathematics Applied Mathematics Pure Mathematics Statistics BSc or MA (Single Honours Degrees) Mathematics Statistics BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Mathematics and one of: Biology Chemistry Computer Science Economics Geography Statistics and one of: Biology

Brierley, Andrew

356

B 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The Opportunity of Stem Cell Bioengineering  

E-print Network

, the basic biological properties of stem cells are the subject of intense research activityB 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. EDITORIAL The Opportunity of Stem Cell Bioengineering Stem cells in the face of continual loss of terminally dif- ferentiated cells. It is therefore not surprising that stem

Zandstra, Peter W.

357

Stem Cell Transplants  

MedlinePLUS

What Are Stem Cells? As you probably remember from biology class, every living thing is made up of cells — including the human body. ... can become new cells like this. Blood Stem Cells When you hear about stem cell transplants, they ...

358

Stem Up  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Stem Up is a pilot program to aid the disadvantaged youth of Boyle Heights in Los Angeles. The intent of the program was to integrate STEM career pathways into schools and local communities. Visitors will find the K-12 Students tab near the top of the page to be filled with almost two dozen links for all levels of student learning about science and technology. Some of the sites include "Arrick Robotics", for 9-12 graders, "Extreme Science", for all ages, and "Fun Engineering" for kids aged 10-14. The "Boyle Heights" link is a great resource for residents of the LA neighborhood, as well as informative for those visitors unfamiliar with it. There is full contact information for the city and state representatives of the neighborhood, the Police Activities League, and a live theatre that performs outreach through theatre, and classical plays. The "Parents" link also provides a number of science and technology links that parents and kids can visit together.

359

Mathematics Department Millersville University  

E-print Network

Mathematics Department Millersville University Bachelor's Degrees in Mathematics (B.S., B.A., B.S.E.) #12;Page 2 DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS MILLERSVILLE UNIVERSITY 2011 STUDENT HANDBOOK FOR MATHEMATICS MAJORS AND MINORS Contents Page WELCOME TO THE MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

Hardy, Christopher R.

360

Mathematics Tyler Jarvis, Chair  

E-print Network

Mathematics Tyler Jarvis, Chair 290 TMCB, (801) 422-2061 College of Physical and Mathematical in the Department of Mathematics is open enrollment. The Discipline Mathematics is a means of dealing with order of any educated person. Mathematics is not just a body of knowledge, but a process of analysis, reasoning

Hart, Gus

361

Faculty of Science: MATHEMATICS  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science: MATHEMATICS Possible Careers Accounting Financial Officer Teacher.mathstat.dal.ca Professional Associations Canadian Mathematic Society - www.camel.math.ca Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics - www.siam.org Mathematical Association of America - www.maa.org American Mathematical Society

Brownstone, Rob

362

Students as Mathematics Consultants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If students are going to develop reasoning and thinking skills, use their mathematical knowledge, and recognize the relevance of mathematics in their lives, they need to experience mathematics in meaningful ways. Only then will their mathematical skills be transferrable to all other parts of their lives. To promote such flexible mathematical

Jensen, Jennifer L.

2013-01-01

363

Reading Mathematics is Different  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication will discuss why reading mathematics is challenging for many students and what teachers can do. We will examine how mathematics symbols, vocabulary, and content presentation can create roadblocks to studentsâ mathematics understanding. Learn how to address studentsâ difficulties by approaching mathematics as a language and to use specific strategies to improve mathematics learning.

2009-01-01

364

Math 920 (3 credits), Summer 2012 History of Mathematics  

E-print Network

Math 920 (3 credits), Summer 2012 History of Mathematics Offered online Instructor: Dr. Brian W, and analysis, including the significant mathematical contributions to these topics made by prominent mathematicians, in order to gain a better sense of the nature of mathematics, both as a subject and as a field

New Hampshire, University of

365

Effects of Curriculum Reform on Mathematics Achievement in Grade Six.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation measured effects of the modern mathematics on achievement in traditional arithmetic and in modern mathematics. Material on Sets, Variables, and Statistics was taught as a separate subject to an experimental group of 207 sixth-grade students. Instruction in the new mathematics content was given over a four-month period, using…

Moray, Joseph

366

Effects of Mozart music on specific mathematical testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many students, mathematical testing proves to be a challenge. Some students struggle to understand mathematical concepts. Some of these feel that they can grasp other subjects in a firmer way. However, performing mathematical equations while listening to music may playa critical role in student performance. Different types of music are known for their calming effect and enhancement of focusing

Valerie Elizabeth Perciante

2004-01-01

367

Enriching the Teaching of Biology with Mathematical Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school educators are told to teach more mathematics and science to their students to help them become more proficient in the two subjects. Coordination of mathematics and science teaching is recognized as another means of improving proficiency. The National Science Foundation has funded the "Mathematics, Science and Technology…

Andersen, Janet

2007-01-01

368

STEM Specialty Programs: A Pathway for Under-Represented Students into STEM Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressing the under-representation of women, minorities, and persons with disabilities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields has been an initiative of the U.S. Congress for the past 30 years, but the challenge still remains unresolved. The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Congressional Committee on Equal…

Alvarez, Charles Alex; Edwards, Douglas; Harris, Bonnie

2010-01-01

369

Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Alexander Bogomolny, a software developer and former mathematics professor, operates this educational and interesting Web site. His intention in creating the site is to help people "learn, if not math itself, then, at least, ways to appreciate its beauty." Although beauty is something most of us generally do not associate with the subject, the material manages to spark creative thinking by providing a fun, original way of looking at math. There are Java games and puzzles representing many different topics. A monthly interactive column called Cut The Knot! describes various abstract mathematical problems and concepts. Some of the topics discussed on the site are quite advanced, but others are relatively simple.

1996-01-01

370

SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics publishes this quarterly Journal on Discrete Mathematics, which covers the latest research on a variety of subjects within the field. Mainly of interest to mathematicians and other highly experienced individuals, the journal offers articles that discuss topics such as "combinatorics and graph theory, discrete optimization and operations research, theoretical computer science, and coding and communication theory." The latest issue includes five articles that describe new algorithms and proofs, and elaborate on findings of previous research work. There is also an archive of past issues that dates back to 1994.

1998-01-01

371

Planning: American Suburbs and Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Mathematical Association of Two-Year Colleges (AMATYC) has compiled a collection of mathematics resources related to various subjects and disciplines. âÂÂMath Across the Community College Curriculumâ is the title of the collection, which includes great math resources and applications for educators and students alike. Nancy Parkes and Sarah Ryan from Evergreen State College created this resource. Suburban communities are the focus of this particular resource. A detailed outline, description, and assessment materials for a group project are included here, and can be easily incorporated into a classroom to allow students real world learning opportunities.

Parkes, Nancy; Ryan, Sarah

2008-04-16

372

Primary School Teachers' Beliefs Relating to Mathematics, Teaching and Assessing Mathematics and Factors that Influence these Beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined primary teachers' beliefs on teaching, learning and assessing mathematics. In particular, it considered the nature of the beliefs of primary school teachers with regard to mathematics as a subject, and teaching and assessing mathematics. By factor analysis of survey items, it confirmed many theoretical constructs derived from the literature: three major purposes of assessment - to inform

Steven Nisbet; Elizabeth Warren

373

An investigation into the mathematics achievement and attitude towards mathematics with respect to learning style according to gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to investigate whether there is a relationship beween gender and learning style, mathematical achievement and attitude towards mathematics. The subjects of this study were 5th-semester students (42 females, 31 males) from the Mathematics Department at Anadolu University. The results of this study suggest that there were differences among learning modes preferred by female and male students, their

N. Orhun

2007-01-01

374

Mathematics Scrapbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At first geometry was a practical subject to be used in the physical world. Then it took on another role as a system of thought and it became geometry for the mind. This issue's "scrapbook" consists mainly of interesting anecdotes related to geometry.

Prochazka, Helen

2004-01-01

375

34 CFR 300.10 - Core academic subjects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in This Part § 300.10 Core academic subjects. Core academic subjects means English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography. (Authority:...

2013-07-01

376

34 CFR 300.10 - Core academic subjects.  

...in This Part § 300.10 Core academic subjects. Core academic subjects means English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography. (Authority:...

2014-07-01

377

Nonlinear growth kinetics of breast cancer stem cells: implications for cancer stem cell targeted therapy.  

PubMed

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been identified in primary breast cancer tissues and cell lines. The CSC population varies widely among cancerous tissues and cell lines, and is often associated with aggressive breast cancers. Despite of intensive research, how the CSC population is regulated within a tumor is still not well understood so far. In this paper, we present a mathematical model to explore the growth kinetics of CSC population both in vitro and in vivo. Our mathematical models and supporting experiments suggest that there exist non-linear growth kinetics of CSCs and negative feedback mechanisms to control the balance between the population of CSCs and that of non-stem cancer cells. The model predictions can help us explain a few long-standing questions in the field of cancer stem cell research, and can be potentially used to predict the efficicacy of anti-cancer therapy. PMID:23959163

Liu, Xinfeng; Johnson, Sara; Liu, Shou; Kanojia, Deepak; Yue, Wei; Singh, Udai P; Singn, Udai; Wang, Qian; Wang, Qi; Nie, Qing; Chen, Hexin

2013-01-01

378

Mathematics and Engineering  

E-print Network

Mathematics and Engineering Applied Mechanics Computing and Communications Control systems require sophisticated mathematical models and analysis. This unique engineering program meets, but they possess the mathematical skills and insights needed to succeed in the ever changing workplace. The program

Linder, Tamás

379

Transformation: Women and Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the transformation of women and mathematics and the papers contained in this special issue. Questions whether women are changed by mathematics or if mathematics can and is being changed by them. (MKR)

John-Steiner, Vera

1996-01-01

380

Chapter Summary Mathematical Induction  

E-print Network

#12;Chapter Summary Mathematical Induction Strong Induction Well-Ordering Recursive Definitions Structural Induction Recursive Algorithms #12;Section 5.1 #12;Sec.on Summary Mathematical Induction Examples of Proof by Mathematical

381

General Science and STEM Gateways and Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The General Science and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Gateways and Resources collection is comprised of web portals, web sites, and individual digital resources. The collection includes portals and sites offering material on three or more scientific disciplines or the entire STEM spectrum--or offering substantial material devoted to the nature of science and/or scientific method. Also included are individual resources focusing on the nature of science or scientific method. Here may be found materials for educators and learners (early childhood through graduate school), resources intended for the general public, and materials aimed at research communities.

2008-03-14

382

Practicing Engineers' Perspective on Mathematics and Mathematics Education in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a qualitative study focusing on engineers' point of view in regard to university mathematics and mathematics education. An individual interview was conducted with three electrical and two mechanical engineers between the ages of 25-40, all engaged in successful careers. The subjects were requested to reflect upon…

Tosmur-Bayazit, Nermin; Ubuz, Behiye

2013-01-01

383

Measuring mathematics self-efficacy as a learning outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the construction and validation of a self-report ‘Mathematics self-efficacy (MSE)’ instrument, designed to measure this construct as a learning outcome of students following post-compulsory mathematics programmes. The sample ranged across two programmes: a traditional preparation for university study in mathematical subjects (Advanced level) and an innovative ‘modelling’-based programme intended to widen participation in mathematics through use of technology

Maria Pampaka; Irene Kleanthous; Graeme D. Hutcheson; Geoff Wake

2011-01-01

384

School Subjects School Subjects [masomo  

E-print Network

] bayolojia [biology] biashara [business] botania [botany] dini [religion] elimu [education] elimu ya kompyuta? [What?/which?] katika [at/within] Nini? [What?] chuokikuu [university] Wapi? [Where?] #12;Question Formation Mifano: 1. Wewe unasoma masomo gani? [What subjects do you study? / What do

385

Applied Mathematics Department of Applied Mathematics  

E-print Network

problems in science, engineering and society. Applied mathematicians investigate a wide variety of topics. Degrees Offered Master of Applied Mathematics Master of Science in Applied Mathematics Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Mathematics With the Department of Computer Science: Master of Data Science

Heller, Barbara

386

Mathematics for Life: Sustainable Mathematics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ecological sustainability has not been a major focus of mathematics education research, even though it has attracted considerable attention in other areas of educational research in the past decade. The connections between mathematics education and ecological sustainability are not readily apparent. This paper explores how mathematics educators…

Renert, Moshe

2011-01-01

387

Microscale technologies for regulating human stem cell differentiation.  

PubMed

During development and regeneration, tissues emerge from coordinated sequences of stem cell renewal, specialization, and assembly that are orchestrated by cascades of regulatory factors. This complex in vivo milieu, while necessary to fully recapitulate biology and to properly engineer progenitor cells, is difficult to replicate in vitro. We are just starting to fully realize the importance of the entire context of cell microenvironment-the other cells, three-dimensional matrix, molecular and physical signals. Bioengineered environments that combine tissue-specific transport and signaling are critical to study cellular responses at biologically relevant scales and in settings predictive of human condition. We therefore developed microbioreactors that couple the application of fast dynamic changes in environmental signals with versatile, high-throughput operation and imaging capability. Our base device is a microfluidic platform with an array of microwells containing cells or tissue constructs that are exposed to stable concentration gradients. Mathematical modeling of flow and mass transport can predict the shape of these gradients and the kinetic changes in local concentrations. A single platform, the size of a microscope slide, contains up to 120 biological samples. As an example of application, we describe studies of cell fate specification and mesodermal lineage commitment in human embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells. The embryoid bodies formed from these cells were subjected to single and multiple concentration gradients of Wnt3a, Activin A, bone morphogenic protein 4 (BMP4), and their inhibitors, and the gene expression profiles were correlated to the concentration gradients of morphogens to identify the exact conditions for mesodermal differentiation. PMID:24737735

Cimetta, Elisa; Vunjak-Novakovic, Gordana

2014-09-01

388

MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE IN ENGLISH: TEACHERS EXPERIENCE INSIDE THE CLASSROOM  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2003, the Malaysian government implemented a new policy in the national education system; English is made the language of instruction in schools for the teaching of Mathematics, Science and technology subjects. These subjects had formerly been taught in the Malay language. The purpose of teaching Science and Mathematics in English is to enable students to acquire proficiency in English

Ong Saw Lan

2008-01-01

389

Dental Pulp Stem Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Postnatal stem cells have been isolated from a variety of tissues. These stem cells are thought to possess great therapeutic potential for repairing damaged and\\/or defective tissues. Clinically, hematopoietic stem cells have been successfully used for decades in the treatment of various diseases and disorders. However, the therapeutic potential of other postnatal stem cell populations has yet to be realized,

He Liu; Stan Gronthos; Songtao Shi

2006-01-01

390

Stem cells in urology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shortage of donors for organ transplantation has stimulated research on stem cells as a potential resource for cell-based therapy in all human tissues. Stem cells have been used for regenerative medicine applications in many organ systems, including the genitourinary system. The potential applications for stem cell therapy have, however, been restricted by the ethical issues associated with embryonic stem

Tamer Aboushwareb; Anthony Atala

2008-01-01

391

Toward ‘SMART’ stem cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stem cell research is at the heart of regenerative medicine, which holds great promise for the treatment of many devastating disorders. However, in addition to hurdles posed by well-publicized ethical issues, this emerging field presents many biological challenges. What is a stem cell? How are embryonic stem cells different from adult stem cells? What are the physiological bases for therapeutically

T Cheng

2008-01-01

392

Stem Cell Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Stem Cell Resources website is "to provide timely, reliable, high-quality and scientifically credible stem cell information for the educational community worldwide." This section of their site, the Stem Cell Image Library, presents a collection of microscope images of stem cells in various phases.

2012-11-13

393

Twenty Questions about Mathematical Reasoning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper poses and answers 20 questions about mathematical reasoning. Questions include: (1) Is mathematical reasoning mathematical? (2) Is mathematical reasoning useful? (3) Is mathematical reasoning an appropriate goal of school mathematics? (4) Can teachers teach mathematical reasoning? (5) Can mathematical reasoning be taught? (6) Do skills…

Steen, Lynn Arthur

394

Stem Cell Biobanks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stem cells contribute to innate healing and harbor a promising role for regenerative medicine. Stem cell banking through long-term\\u000a storage of different stem cell platforms represents a fundamental source to preserve original features of stem cells for patient-specific\\u000a clinical applications. Stem cell research and clinical translation constitute fundamental and indivisible modules catalyzed\\u000a through biobanking activity, generating a return of investment.

Silvana Bardelli

2010-01-01

395

Women in Science and Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recent comments by Harvard University President Lawrence H. Summers, regarding women and mathematics have spurred numerous articles and responses. The first article from Yahoo News (1) gives an overview of the event, his comments, and some reactions. The comment most at issue is whether or not innate sex differences might leave women less capable of succeeding at the most advanced mathematics. The second website (2) offers Summersâ apology and clarifies his comments. The third article (3), although from 2001, reviews some previous research on gender differences in mathematics and discusses findings from a study that, based on longitudinal data, found that âÂÂgender differences are slight, late developing, and subject-specific.â This response from the Society of Women Engineers (4) offers some further insight on why there are fewer women than men in mathematics and science careers. This next website from Engineers Week (5) invites others to join the discussion forum on this issue. This website (7) posts the Nelson Diversity Survey, which gives 2005 statistics for diversity in science and engineering facilities at research universities, while the next website looks to the future (6) and offers some short abstracts describing some prospective Career Options for Women in Mathematics.

396

Tablet PCs and Web-based Interaction in the Mathematics Classroom Dr. M. Reba  

E-print Network

in STEM fields [2], but also with retention rates in the university [5]. Today most mathematics educators-UP involves redesigning classrooms with round tables to facilitate group work on graded activity sheets

Spagnolo, Filippo

397

A quantitative analysis of factors that influence and predict students' intention to major in and complete an undergraduate program in STEM or non-STEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to explore and understand the factors that influence students' intention to major in and complete an undergraduate program in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) discipline, in a non-STEM field, and how students' gender directly and indirectly affects their success in college. A quantitative study of three thousand four (3004) ACT-tested students who

Xuemei Yang

2005-01-01

398

study programs in mathematics  

E-print Network

study programs in m mathematics 1_ matematika 2008.qxp 16.7.2008 16:41 Page 1 #12;1_ matematika 2008.qxp 16.7.2008 16:41 Page 2 #12;3 CONTENTS 5 Introduction 7 Mathematics at the University of Ljubljana 9 Department of Mathematics information page Academic study program in Mathematics Academic study

Â?umer, Slobodan

399

mathematics single cycle  

E-print Network

47 mathematics education single cycle master's study programme #12;48 single cycle master's study program in Mathematics Education #12;49 single cycle master's study program in Mathematics Education MATHEMATICS EDUCATION The program is in tune with the principles of the Bologna Declaration. · Academic title

Â?umer, Slobodan

400

Schools, Mathematics and Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book illustrates the wide range of issues that should affect any consideration of the relationship between mathematics education and the use of mathematics for practical and work purposes. The concept of ethnomathematics is discussed, and biases, including those of gender, in the content of mathematics and mathematics education are exposed.…

Harris, Mary, Ed.

401

Making Sense of Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) is a voice and advocate for mathematics educators, working to ensure that all students receive equitable mathematics learning of the highest quality. To help teachers and school leaders understand the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) and to point out how the CCSSM can be…

Umphrey, Jan

2011-01-01

402

Stem cells supporting other stem cells  

PubMed Central

Adult stem cell therapies are increasingly prevalent for the treatment of damaged or diseased tissues, but most of the improvements observed to date are attributed to the ability of stem cells to produce paracrine factors that have a trophic effect on existing tissue cells, improving their functional capacity. It is now clear that this ability to produce trophic factors is a normal and necessary function for some stem cell populations. In vivo adult stem cells are thought to self-renew due to local signals from the microenvironment where they live, the niche. Several niches have now been identified which harbor multiple stem cell populations. In three of these niches – the Drosophila testis, the bulge of the mammalian hair follicle, and the mammalian bone marrow – one type of stem cell has been found to produce factors that contribute to the maintenance of a second stem cell population in the shared niche. In this review, I will examine the architecture of these three niches and discuss the molecular signals involved. Together, these examples establish a new paradigm for stem cell behavior, that stem cells can promote the maintenance of other stem cells. PMID:24348512

Leatherman, Judith

2013-01-01

403

K-12 - University - Industry STEM Educational Partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marquette University is creating a Culture-of-Innovation Bridge between the K-12 world and the world of industrial, multidisciplinary problem-solving, with Graduate STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) Fellows comprising a Community of Innovative and Integrative Engineers, Scientists, and Mathematicians serving as mentors and guides. This will give K-12 teachers and students a direct, sustainable connection to real-world problem solving. Up to

K. Craig; J. Jensen

2010-01-01

404

Integrating science, mathematics, and environmental education: Resources and guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The integration of mathematics, science, and environmental education permits the students to gain from all three areas simultaneously.\\u000a Science encompasses the art of questioning, investigating, hypothesizing, and discovering. Mathematics is the language that\\u000a provides clarity, objectivity, and understanding. Many of the major contemporary issues involve societal issues stemming from\\u000a advancements in science (Wiebe, Ecklund, & Hillen, 1986). Problem solving, creative

Mark V. Lorson; Joe E. Heimlich; Sigrid Wagner

1993-01-01

405

The Academic Merits of Modelling in Higher Mathematics Education: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modelling is an important subject in the Bachelor curriculum of Applied Mathematics at Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands. Students not only learn how to apply their knowledge to solve mathematical problems posed in non-mathematical language, but also they learn to look actively for, or even construct, mathematical knowledge…

Perrenet, Jacob; Adan, Ivo

2010-01-01

406

Mathematics Awareness Month: Mathematics and the Cosmos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

April 2005 is Mathematics Awareness Month, which is sponsored each year by the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics "to recognize the importance of mathematics through written materials and an accompanying poster that highlight mathematical developments and applications in a particular area." In addition to the free poster, which can be downloaded or requested by mail, the website also offers various "theme essays." This year's essays address topics such as the mathematical study of the cosmos, mathematical models, and celestial mechanics. A limited number of complimentary copies of a DVD in which astronaut Michael Foale provides his personal account of the experience on Mir and explains the mathematical methods involved in the rescue mission can also be ordered through this website. A section on Related Resources provides links to numerous other online articles addressing this year's theme: mathematics and the cosmos. Institutions are invited to submit information on their Mathematics Awareness events so they can be included in the listing of activities going on across the United States for Mathematics Awareness month.

407

International Study Group on Ethno-mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is ethno-mathematics? The term describes the mathematical practices of identifiable cultural groups. This website presents a description of how various cultures of the past practiced math and applied it to architecture, calendars, and similar subjects essential to community. This fascinating site presents and intersection of history and mathematics, providing both a narrative and explanation of the past and an accessible explanation of the mathematics at work. A user of this website can explore Ancient Babylonian or early modern Scottish math, or understand the Four Color Theorem or Orbits and Gravitation. As such, the introductory math portion would be helpful for any student of mathematics, and the historical section could prove useful for instructors or students of various historical cultures.

2007-07-05

408

MMath (Hons) in Mathematics BSc (Hons) in Mathematics  

E-print Network

Essentials Courses MMath (Hons) in Mathematics BSc (Hons) in Mathematics MMath (Hons) in Mathematics with Economics BSc (Hons) in Mathematics with Economics MMath (Hons) in Mathematics with Physics BSc (Hons) in Mathematics with Physics Foundation year for UK and EU students Mathematics degrees

Sussex, University of

409

FROM MATHEMATICS FOR LIVING TO LIVING FOR MATHEMATICS  

E-print Network

FROM MATHEMATICS FOR LIVING TO LIVING FOR MATHEMATICS George Malaty, University of Joensuu, Finland "Life is good for only two things, discovering mathematics and teaching mathematics". Siméon Poisson (1781-1840) Mathematics for living and living for mathematics are related to the goals of mathematics

Spagnolo, Filippo

410

Centre for the Popularisation of Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the University of Wales, the Centre for the Popularisation of Mathematics brings a more artistic side to the often plainly presented subject. Several online exhibits and galleries illustrate sculptures and knots that have a basis in math. One of the most interesting and famous mathematical sculptures is the Mobius Band. The centre gives a description of the Mobius Band and its significance, as well as instructions on how to create one and interesting experiments to try. Many other sculptures are presented in the same way, touching on topics of fractals and mathematics. The Knots Exhibition briefly introduces knot theory and shows many different knot configurations.

411

Leadership Training in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education in Bulgaria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This synthesis paper explores current leadership training in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education in Bulgaria. The analysis begins with discussion of global factors influencing the implementation of leadership training in STEM education in general and then presents information about the current status of leadership…

Bairaktarova, Diana; Cox, Monica F.; Evangelou, Demetra

2011-01-01

412

Leadership training in science, technology, engineering and mathematics education in Bulgaria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This synthesis paper explores current leadership training in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education in Bulgaria. The analysis begins with discussion of global factors influencing the implementation of leadership training in STEM education in general and then presents information about the current status of leadership training in Bulgaria with emphases on the country's economics, politics and geographical location as

Diana Bairaktarova; Monica F. Cox; Demetra Evangelou

2011-01-01

413

Women's Leadership in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics: Barriers to Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite gains overall, women are still under-represented in leadership positions in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. Data in the US suggest around one-quarter of deans and department heads are women; in science this drops to nearly 1 in 20. Part of this problem of under-representation stems from the population pool:…

McCullough, Laura

2011-01-01

414

Original article Compatible stem taper and stem volume functions  

E-print Network

for oak performs relatively well considering the substantial number of forked oak trees. stem taper / stemOriginal article Compatible stem taper and stem volume functions for oak (Quercus robur L and Q - In this paper we develop compatible stem taper and stem volume functions for oak (Quercus robur L and Q petraea

Boyer, Edmond

415

STEM Learning Quality Indicator Map  

E-print Network

STEM Learning Quality Indicator Map Quality Indicator Initiation Involvement Implementation Innovation Student Engagement STEM learning experiences are engaging and inspire creativity and imagination STEM learning experience is activity driven with specific step by step directions STEM learning

US Army Corps of Engineers

416

Visual-Spatial Ability: Important in Stem, Ignored in Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visual-spatial ability is a multifaceted component of intelligence that has predictive validity for future achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) occupations. Although identification and development of STEM talent is a national priority, visual-spatial ability is rarely measured and relatively neglected in gifted…

Andersen, Lori

2014-01-01

417

A simple agent-based social impact theory model of student STEM selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing body of knowledge describing the economic and social challenge faced by the United States because of the small (14%) and decreasing number of students pursuing Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) majors. We propose a simple two-period, agent-based simulation based on social impact theory to predict the % yield of STEM majors. The model indicates that

Theodore T. Allen; Nixon Davis

2010-01-01

418

"Educate to Innovate": How the Obama Plan for STEM Education Falls Short. Backgrounder. No. 2504  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Obama's Educate to Innovate initiative has provided billions in additional federal funding for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education programs across the country. The Administration's recognition of the importance of STEM education-- for global competitiveness as well as for national security--is good and…

Burke, Lindsey M.; McNeill, Jena Baker

2011-01-01

419

STEM Career-changers Transition to Teaching: I Have to Become a Student Again?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify the concerns of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) career changers to better inform teacher education programs on how to best address their unique needs. We identified three career-changers with former STEM-related careers, each seeking a secondary teaching credential in biology and…

Grier, Jeanne M.; Johnston, Carol C.

2008-01-01

420

Moving beyond Frontiers: How Institutional Context Affects Degree Production and Student Aspirations in STEM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities in the U.S. face increasing pressure from policymakers and corporate leaders to increase their production of undergraduate degrees in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). These pressures stem from a need to maintain the country's global economic competitiveness in science and engineering innovation.…

Eagan, Mark Kevin, Jr.

2010-01-01

421

The Common Topoi of STEM Discourse: An Apologia and Methodological Proposal, with Pilot Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author proposes a methodology for the rhetorical analysis of scientific, technical, mathematical, and engineering (STEM) discourse based on the common topics (topoi) of this discourse. Beginning with work by Miller, Prelli, and other rhetoricians of STEM discourse--but factoring in related studies in cognitive linguistics--she…

Walsh, Lynda

2010-01-01

422

Mapping Curriculum Innovation in STEM Schools to Assessment Requirements: Tensions and Dilemmas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Specialized science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) schools create niche areas in an attempt to attract the best students, establish the school status, and justify their privilege to valuable resources. One Singapore STEM school does this in applied science learning to differentiate its curriculum from the national prescribed…

Tan, Aik-Ling; Leong, Woon Foong

2014-01-01

423

The Quest for Transformative Partnerships in STEM Education: A Comparison of Policies, Structures and Evaluation Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the frequent policy prescriptions offered by federal officials for improving science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education in the United States is to encourage the development of partnerships between higher education, elementary and secondary education, and informal education. This prescription is not unique to STEM education. Rather stimulating the creation and development of partnerships has become one of

G. Kingsley

2004-01-01

424

Boosting the Supply and Effectiveness of Washington's STEM Teachers. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2009, the Partnership for Learning (PFL) asked The New Teacher Project (TNTP) to analyze challenges Washington faces in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) instruction and to make recommendations to overcome these challenges as part of a new STEM initiative. This initiative aims to dramatically raise student…

New Teacher Project, 2010

2010-01-01

425

A FRAMEWORK FOR TEACHING COMPUTATION TO STEM STUDENTS IN E-LEARNING ENVIRONMENT  

E-print Network

A FRAMEWORK FOR TEACHING COMPUTATION TO STEM STUDENTS IN E-LEARNING ENVIRONMENT (TECSSEE) Chi Ben specifically for education in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics), we propose a web-based e-learning assistance to each specific hands-on lab. Keywords: Visualization, e-learning, blended learning, hands

Chi, Hongmei

426

Opportunities to Explore for Gifted STEM Students in Korea: From Admissions Criteria to Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The admission process and curriculum for gifted students are crucial because they provide opportunities to explore (OTE) for gifted science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) students. Korean specialized STEM schools, science academies (SAs) and science high schools (SHSs), claim that their screening process and curricula are based…

Choi, Kyong Mi

2014-01-01

427

A Place for Art and Design Education in the STEM Conversation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent push for STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education introduces (through the emphasis on engineering) a "design process" to science classrooms; some educators have also pushed for the "artistic or creative process" becoming a part of STEM education. In certain cases, this might be an opportunity for greater…

Bequette, James W.; Bequette, Marjorie Bullitt

2012-01-01

428

STEM Teachers' Planned and Enacted Attempts at Implementing Engineering Design-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates grades 5 and 6 science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) teachers' planned and actualized engineering design-based instruction, the instruments used to characterize their efforts, and the implications this work has for teachers' implementations of an integrated approach to STEM education.…

Capobianco, Brenda M.; Rupp, Madeline

2014-01-01

429

The Influence of Female Social Models in Corporate STEM Initiatives on Girls' Math and Science Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States' Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) workforce is growing slower than in the past, in comparison to demand, and in comparison to other countries. Competitive talent conditions require the United States to develop a strong pipeline of STEM talent within its own citizens. Given the number of female college…

Medeiros, Donald J.

2011-01-01

430

MemphiSTEP: A STEM Talent Expansion Program at the University of Memphis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MemphiSTEP is a five-year STEM Talent Expansion Program at the U. of Memphis sponsored by the National Science Foundation. The project focuses on retention and persistence to graduation to increase the number of STEM majors and graduates. The project includes a summer Mathematics Bridge Bootcamp; research experiences for undergraduates;…

Russomanno, David J.; Best, Rachel; Ivey, Stephanie; Haddock, John R.; Franceschetti, Don; Hairston, Regina J.

2010-01-01

431

Why Students Choose STEM Majors: Motivation, High School Learning, and Postsecondary Context of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study draws upon social cognitive career theory and higher education literature to test a conceptual framework for understanding the entrance into science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors by recent high school graduates attending 4-year institutions. Results suggest that choosing a STEM major is directly influenced by…

Wang, Xueli

2013-01-01

432

A Realistic Look at STEM and the Role of Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American policy makers, educators, and others are concerned that predicted workforce shortages in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields will have a catastrophic impact on the economy. This article takes a realistic look at the "STEM problem," identifying how community colleges can be a part of the solution. We provide…

Hagedorn, Linda Serra; Purnamasari, Agustina Veny

2012-01-01

433

Challenges in STEM Teaching: Implication for Preservice and Inservice Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As former and current STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) school teachers in Singapore, we explore the challenges we both experienced while teaching at different STEM schools. Through this article, we make a case for the teacher preparation programs locally and around the world to give more attention to a changing education…

Teo, Tang Wee; Ke, Kaijie Justin

2014-01-01

434

Green Action through Education: A Model for Fostering Positive Attitudes about STEM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an innovative collaboration between instructors of non-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) courses and scientists who teach STEM courses in the GATE (Green Action Through Education) learning community. The scientists in this project presented engaging science--in such diverse locations as a sewage…

Wheland, Ethel R.; Donovan, William J.; Dukes, J. Thomas; Qammar, Helen K.; Smith, Gregory A.; Williams, Bonnie L.

2013-01-01

435

Examining Fidelity of Program Implementation in a STEM-Oriented Out-of-School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States and many other countries there is a growing emphasis on science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education that is expanding the number of both in-school and out-of-school instructional programs targeting important STEM outcomes. As instructional leaders increasingly train teachers and facilitators to undertake…

Barker, Bradley S.; Nugent, Gwen; Grandgenett, Neal F.

2014-01-01

436

Choosing a STEM Career  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will view video clips about graduate and middle school students with interests in STEM careers and compare technologies from yesterday with today. They will explore careers on-line before writing about their futures as STEM professionals.

Wpsu

2009-11-10

437

STEM Club Participation and STEM Schooling Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop a more robust understanding of the relationship between non-formal, school-based STEM activities and students' success and persistence in STEM fields, this study evaluates how math club participation influences math GPA and how science club participation influences science GPA. Additionally, this study evaluates how math or science…

Gottfried, Michael A.; Williams, Darryl N.

2013-01-01

438

Mathematics Welcome Why study Mathematics at Swansea?  

E-print Network

football and rugby in the city, and also hosts major pop and rock concerts. A vibrant student city, SwanseaMathematics #12;Welcome Why study Mathematics at Swansea? I am sure that you will find of their students. We look forward to you visiting us to find out more about our courses. We will gladly help in any

Harman, Neal.A.

439

Mathematics Is Mathematics right for me?  

E-print Network

university will provide information in their prospectus and on their website about how their degrees workMathematics Is Mathematics right for me? If you enjoy logical thinking and problem solving and have expertise. There is often a difference between how theoretical or practical each degree is. The variation

Harman, Neal.A.

440

Umbilical Cord Stem Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

The two most basic properties of stem cells are the capacities to self-renew and to differentiate into multiple cell or tissue\\u000a types (1–3). Generally, stem cells are categorized as one of three types: embryonic stem cells (ES), embryonic germ cells (EG), or adult\\u000a stem cells. ES cells are derived from the inner cell mass of the blastula (Fig. 1). They

Kathy E. Mitchell

441

Mathematics Anxiety According to Middle School Students' Achievement Motivation and Social Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to clarify whether middle school students' mathematics anxiety differentiates or not, according to their low and high achievement motivation and their level of self-esteem stemming from social comparison. This study also aims to clarify the effects of these two variables on mathematics anxiety. The study groups were…

Kesici, Sahin; Erdogan, Ahmet

2010-01-01

442

Students in Rural Schools Have Limited Access to Advanced Mathematics Courses. Issue Brief No. 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Carsey brief reveals that students in rural areas and small towns have less access to higher-level mathematics courses than students in urban settings, which results in serious educational consequences, including lower scores on assessment tests and fewer qualified students entering science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) job…

Graham, Suzanne E.

2009-01-01

443

Historical Research: How to Fit Minority and Women's Studies into Mathematics Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a lesson for studying minority and women's contributions to the field of mathematics in the middle school classroom. This lesson may be able to stem the tide of the shrinking number of students entering the field of mathematics by helping them become interested in its history. Nonetheless, this project encourages students to…

Saraco, Margaret R.

2008-01-01

444

Hosted by Professor Kurt VanLehn "Intelligent Tutoring Interfaces with Mathematical Sketching"  

E-print Network

Hosted by Professor Kurt VanLehn "Intelligent Tutoring Interfaces with Mathematical Sketching" Abstract: Using pen-and touch-based interfaces shows great potential for supporting interactive intelligent mathematics and drawings together to create animations and visualizations of STEM concepts that can be used

Reisslein, Martin

445

The ABCD of using history of mathematics in the (undergraduate) classroom  

E-print Network

one of the most active; for its strength is the vigour of perpetual youth." [1, Chapter VII the appropriate use of history of mathematics help in teaching the subject, but that in this age of "mathematics

Siu, M.K.

446

Stem cell culture engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stem cells have the capacity for self renewal and undergo multilineage differentiation. Stem cells isolated from both blastocysts and adult tissues represent valuable sources of cells for applications in cell therapy, drug screening and tissue engineering. While expanding stem cells in culture, it is critical to maintain their self?renewal and differentiation capacity. In generating particular cell types for specific applications,

Gargi Seth; Catherine M. Verfaillie

2005-01-01

447

Career Aspirations of Undergraduate Mathematics Majors: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been much research attention on ability level, motivation, and self-efficacy of students at schools of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). However, there is scant research on vocational choice, career development and aspirations of these students. The current study addresses this gap in the literature by asking…

Piotrowski, Chris; Hemasinha, Rohan

2012-01-01

448

Association for Women in Mathematics University of Kansas Student Chapter  

E-print Network

in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). The activities make the members and friends Conversations with University Officials Inspirational Talks from Alumni and Women Leaders Introduction and Welcome of New Women Math Faculty and Students Job Search and Interview Tips for Math Majors Recognition

449

Creativity in General Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examples of student-developed methods for dividing fractions and dividing and multiplying whole numbers are presented. Both are selected to show mathematical creativity in general mathematics students which would often be overlooked. (MP)

Zeddies, Melvin L.

1981-01-01

450

Tolstoy's Mathematics in \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nineteenth century Russian author Leo Tolstoy based his egalitarian views\\u000aon sociology and history on mathematical and probabilistic views, and he also\\u000aproposed a mathematical theory of waging war.

Paul Vitanyi

2001-01-01

451

Tolstoy's Mathematics in  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nineteenth century Russian author Leo Tolstoy based his egalitarian views on sociology and history on mathematical and probabilistic views, and he also proposed a mathematical theory of waging war.

Paul Vitanyi

2001-01-01

452

Mathematics, time, and confirmation  

E-print Network

This dissertation discusses two issues about abstract objects: their role in scientific theories, and their relation to time. Chapter 1, "Why Apply Mathematics?" argues that scientific theories are not about the mathematics ...

Meyer, Ulrich, 1968-

2001-01-01

453

Is Cinderella Mathematically Literate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a sequence of mathematics lessons for middle school students that incorporates multicultural versions of the Cinderella story while students learn mathematical objectives related to classification and logical thinking. (SR)

Usnick, Virginia; Maxson, Sylvia

1996-01-01

454

Mathematical and statistical analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the mathematical and statistical analysis component of RICIS is to research, develop, and evaluate mathematical and statistical techniques for aerospace technology applications. Specific research areas of interest include modeling, simulation, experiment design, reliability assessment, and numerical analysis.

Houston, A. Glen

1988-01-01

455

A gallery for mathematics  

E-print Network

The Gallery for Mathematics seeks to interpret and communicate the character and culture of mathematics through the lens of architectural tectonic. The form and program of the Gallery are driven by three goals for the ...

Forr, Molly S. (Molly Susanne)

2005-01-01

456

Mathematics and Statistics Models  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by Bob MacKay, Clark College. What are Mathematical and Statistical Models These types of models are obviously related, but there are also real differences between them. Mathematical Models: grow out of ...

457

Report: Mathematics and Science  

NSF Publications Database

Donald J. Lewis Director (1995-1999) Division of Mathematical Science National Science Foundation Mathematics and Science Contents...............................................................2 Overview...............................................................3 Themes.................................................................3 Modeling...............................................................3 Complexity and Size....................................................4 ...

458

Mathematics programs1 teach individuals to use mathematical methods in solving problems. Students in mathematics may use  

E-print Network

Mathematics programs1 teach individuals to use mathematical methods in solving problems. Students in mathematics may use mathematical theory, computational techniques, algorithms, and the latest computer. Mathematics programs fall into two classes of mathematics, applied mathematics and theoretical (pure

Lawrence, Rick L.

459

APPLICATION FOR THE DOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS Subprogramme MATHEMATICS  

E-print Network

1 APPLICATION FOR THE DOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS Subprogramme MATHEMATICS Study module: MATHEMATICS PERSONAL INFORMATION Last (family) name module Mathematics choose 2 courses in the first semester and 2 courses in the second semester

Â?umer, Slobodan

460

APPLICATION FOR THE DOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS Subprogramme MATHEMATICS  

E-print Network

1 APPLICATION FOR THE DOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS Subprogramme MATHEMATICS Study module: MATHEMATICS PERSONAL INFORMATION Last (family) name module Mathematics choose 2 courses in the first semester and 2 courses in the second semester. Encircle

Â?umer, Slobodan

461

STEM - Minnesota State Colleges and Universities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although the STEM project at the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities website is designed for the faculty and staff at those institutions, it offers abundant resources for instructors at any higher education institution who might have an interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) fields. Visitors interested in state and national reports on a broad range of issues should click on the "Resources" link on the left side of the menu, and choose "STEM Reports", to view eight reports from various education and science institutions. For ease of use, it is nice to learn that report is organized into audience, purpose and recommendations, so visitors can quickly assess whether the report is of interest to them. Some of the report topics include "Teaching By Choice: Cultivating Exemplary Community College STEM Faculty", "The Opportunity Equation: Transforming Mathematics and Science Education for Citizenship and the Global Economy" and "Encouraging Girls in Math and Science". The "Project Showcase" will be of interest to visitors who like to see examples of how STEM efforts are being played out in the education community.

462

STEM - Minnesota State Colleges and Universities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although the STEM project at the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities website is designed for the faculty and staff at those institutions, it offers abundant resources for instructors at any higher education institution who might have an interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) fields. Visitors interested in state and national reports on a broad range of issues should click on the "Resources" link on the left side of the menu, and choose "STEM Reports", to view eight reports from various education and science institutions. For ease of use, it is nice to learn that report is organized into audience, purpose and recommendations, so visitors can quickly assess whether the report is of interest to them. Some of the report topics include "Teaching By Choice: Cultivating Exemplary Community College STEM Faculty", "The Opportunity Equation: Transforming Mathematics and Science Education for Citizenship and the Global Economy" and "Encouraging Girls in Math and Science". The "Project Showcase" will be of interest to visitors who like to see examples of how STEM efforts are being played out in the education community.

2013-01-02

463

Mathematical Programming Glossary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website lists terms specific to mathematical programming, as well as some terms from other disciplines, such as economics, computer science, and mathematics. Of note is the Notation section that provides all sorts of explanations for various mathematical symbols and abbreviations, including functions, sets, vectors, and matrices. Some entires are expanded upon in the supplements section where you can also find several mathematical problems listed -- including the Diet, Newsboy, and Warehouse problem.

464

Mathematical Arguments in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Except in very poor mathematical contexts, mathematical arguments do not stand in isolation of other mathematical arguments.\\u000a Rather, they form trains of formal and informal arguments, adding up to interconnected theorems, theories and eventually entire\\u000a fields. This paper critically comments on some common views on the relation between formal and informal mathematical arguments,\\u000a most particularly applications of Toulmin’s argumentation model,

Jean Paul Van Bendegem; Bart Van Kerkhove

2009-01-01

465

Discovering and Developing Diverse STEM Talent: Enabling Academically Talented Urban Youth to Flourish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the work of the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy[R] (IMSA). Three "case stories" of students from IMSA illuminate some of the: (1) challenges and opportunities inherent in igniting science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) talent in urban youth and ensuring their success; (2) principles for designing…

Marshall, Stephanie Pace; McGee, Glenn W.; McLaren, Eric; Veal, Catherine C.

2011-01-01

466

The History of Specialized STEM Schools and the Formation and Role of the NCSSSMST  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The creation of specialized Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) schools over the past decades has largely been related to economic, political, and educational concerns. The recent America COMPETES Act (2007), for example, intends to strengthen public secondary educational opportunities in science, technology, and mathematics

Thomas, Jerald; Williams, Corinne

2010-01-01

467

Characteristics of Schools Successful in STEM: Evidence from Two States' Longitudinal Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present federal education policies promote learning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) and the participation of minority students in these fields. Using longitudinal data on students in Florida and North Carolina, value-added estimates in mathematics and science are generated to categorize schools into performance levels…

Hansen, Michael

2014-01-01

468

Mathematical Discovery: Hadamard Resurected  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1943 Jacques Hadamard gave a series of lectures on mathematical invention at the Ecole Libre des Hautes Etudes in New York City. These talks were subsequently published as The Psychology of Mathematical Invention in the Mathematical Field (Hadamard, 1945). In this article I present a study that mirrors the work of Hadamard. Results both…

Liljedahl, Peter

2004-01-01

469

International Student Guide Mathematics  

E-print Network

International Student Guide Mathematics www.swansea.ac.uk/maths www.swansea.ac.uk/science/international #12;Reasons to study at Swansea University Mathematics at Swansea University Established in 1920, 36th and more Over 15,000 students / Over 2,000 International students Strongest in Wales for Mathematics

Harman, Neal.A.

470

Who Can Know Mathematics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores contemporary thinking about learning mathematics, and within that, social justice within mathematics education. The discussion first looks at mechanisms offered by conventional explanations on the emancipatory project and then moves towards more recent insights developed within mathematics education. Synergies are drawn between…

Walshaw, Margaret

2014-01-01

471

MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS  

E-print Network

MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS Canterbury The UK's European university Undergraduate study #12;2 ACADEMIC EXCELLENCE AND INSPIRATIONAL TEACHING Much of science is based upon the application of mathematics as for computer science. New discoveries within mathematics affect not only science, but also our general

Banaji,. Murad

472

Mathematics Department Cornell University  

E-print Network

Mathematics Department Cornell University K-12 Education & Outreach Committee Report August 2011 Ilyashenko Edward Swartz #12;i Overview During the 2011-2012 academic year the Mathematics Department by faculty members, graduate students, and undergraduate students in Mathematics and the Center for Applied

Keinan, Alon

473

MATHEMATICS Program of Study  

E-print Network

MATHEMATICS Program of Study Degree Requirements The Department offers a program leading to the degree of Master of Arts in Mathematics. There are three "pathways" or tracks for advanced study in mathematics: pure, interdisciplinary, and statistics. All paths provide both thesis and non-thesis options

Thomas, Andrew

474

Mathematics. [SITE 2001 Section].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on mathematics from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2001 conference: "Secondary Mathematics Methods Course with Technology Units: Encouraging Pre-Service Teachers To Use Technology" (Rajee Amarasinghe); "Competency Exams in College Mathematics" (Kathy R. Autrey and Leigh…

Connell, Michael L., Ed.; Lowery, Norene Vail, Ed.; Harnisch, Delwyn L., Ed.

475

Latinos and Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An historical perspective reveals that sophisticated mathematical activity has been going on in the Latino culture for thousands of years. This paper provides a general definition of the area of mathematics education that deals with issues of culture and mathematics (ethnomathematics) and defines what is meant by the term Latino in this essay.…

Ortiz-Franco, Luis

476

Mathematics Teaching Today  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes features, consistent messages, and new components of "Mathematics Teaching Today: Improving Practice, Improving Student Learning" (NCTM 2007), an updated edition of "Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics" (NCTM 1991). The new book describes aspects of high-quality mathematics teaching; offers a model for observing,…

Martin, Tami S.; Speer, William R.

2009-01-01

477

Handbook for General Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook for general mathematics presents some classroom materials to aid the teacher of non college-bound pupils. The materials are intended to be of assistance to teachers in teaching the materials in a manner which will maximize the mathematical flexibility as well as the mathematical skills of the pupils. The goal was to prepare a booklet…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

478

Mathematics for Electronics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of 20 modules was designed for use primarily to help teach and reinforce the basic mathematics skills in electronics classes. The modules are based on electronics competencies that require mathematics skills, as determined by a panel of high school electronics and mathematics teachers. Each module consists of one or two pages of basic…

Clary, Joseph R.; Nery, Karen P.

479

Mathematical Logic Lecture Notes  

E-print Network

Mathematical Logic (Math 570) Lecture Notes Lou van den Dries Fall Semester 2007 #12;#12;Contents 1 Preliminaries 1 1.1 Mathematical Logic: a brief overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Sets and Maps Preliminaries We start with a brief overview of mathematical logic as covered in this course. Next we review

Krajíèek, Jan

480

Mathematical Logic Lecture Notes  

E-print Network

Mathematical Logic (Math 570) Lecture Notes Lou van den Dries Fall Semester 2007 #12; #12; Contents 1 Preliminaries 1 1.1 Mathematical Logic: a brief overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 Preliminaries We start with a brief overview of mathematical logic as covered in this course. Next we review

Krajíèek, Jan

481

Issues in Teaching Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book aims to provide the reader with background knowledge and understanding of major contemporary issues facing mathematics teachers in Great Britain. Much of the book is devoted to discussing issues related to curriculum construction and change. The chapters are: (1) "The Aims of Teaching Mathematics" (A. Orton); (2) "Mathematics Education…

Orton, Anthony, Ed.; Wain, Geoffrey, Ed.

482

Pure Mathematics in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a survey concerned with the future of mathematics in Australia which identified the number of "experts" in particular areas of mathematics who are working in Australia. Findings show increased research work in the past five years but conclusions indicate that many mathematical areas continue to be neglected. (JT)

Bloom, W. R.; And Others

1975-01-01

483

mathematics de morgan house  

E-print Network

to the mathematics inside other research, predominantly in science but without forgetting that mathematics canmathematics promotion unit de morgan house 57-58 russell square london wc1b 4hs The Maths Inside' as with much science research. The mathematics is the process by which a hypothesis is proven or disproven

Mottram, Nigel

484

Revisiting Mathematics Manipulative Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is over 12 years since "APMC" published Bob Perry and Peter Howard's research on the use of mathematics manipulative materials in primary mathematics classrooms. Since then the availability of virtual manipulatives and associated access to computers and interactive whiteboards have caused educators to rethink the use of mathematics manipulative…

Swan, Paul; Marshall, Linda

2010-01-01

485

Mathematics Through Problem Solving  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes what it means to teach mathematics using a problem solving approach and goes on to explain why teaching via problem solving is important in the development of a studentâs mathematical thinking. Problem solving is presented as a way to be able to address three of the values of mathematics: functional, logical and aesthetic.

Taplin, Margaret

2011-01-01

486

American Mathematical Society Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A list of mathematics journals with articles on the Web and a list of Web sites for printed journals, with tables of contents of issues, abstracts of papers, actual papers, information about submissions and subscriptions, etc. See also the Annual Listing of New Journals in Mathematics file, which notes newly established journals devoted to papers in mathematics, organized by year.

2008-06-04

487

The Relationship between the Proportion of Same-Major Friendships and Academic and Affective Outcomes for Women and Men in STEM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of gender equity in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has continued to be an area of national concern. Research examining women's experiences in STEM has highlighted several factors, both at the student- and institutional-level, that contribute to women's continued underrepresentation in STEM, especially in…

Shapiro, Casey Ann Eznekier

2011-01-01

488

STEM High School Communities: Common and Differing Features  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using observations and interviews, the researchers explore the experiences and perspectives of students, teachers, and administrators at six specialized high schools with a focus on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) as they pertain to the practices and structures affecting student outcomes. Four themes were found to be…

Tofel-Grehl, Colby; Callahan, Carolyn M.

2014-01-01

489

Learning about the Weather through an Integrated STEM Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introducing concepts through an integrated science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) approach can promote interest and motivation (Bennett, Lubben and Hogarth, 2007; Bybee, 2010). However, implementing such an approach effectively in a classroom setting, with relevant links, is a challenging task. Some concepts lend themselves more…

Serin, Gokhan

2014-01-01

490

Social Equity and Access to a Philippine STEM School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like most developing countries in the world, there is a huge gap in opportunities to access quality science education between students from the high- and low-socioeconomic strata of Philippine society. In establishing its own science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) high school, despite limited public funding in 1964, the…

Talaue, Frederick Toralballa

2014-01-01

491

Perceived Gender and Racial/Ethnic Barriers to STEM Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-methods study examined urban adolescents' perceptions of gender and racial/ethnic barriers to STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) success, and their meaning-making and coping regarding these experiences. The sample includes surveys from 1024 high school-aged students and interviews from 53 students. Logistic…

Grossman, Jennifer M.; Porche, Michelle V.

2014-01-01

492

Who Decides Higher Education Policy? MPS, VCS, STEM and HASS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK, and in many other countries, policy makers and funding bodies emphasise the importance of the STEM disciplines (science, technology, engineering and mathematics), as opposed to the HASS disciplines (humanities, arts and social sciences), in higher education. Yet an examination of the biographies of UK members of parliament (MPs)…

Tight, Malcolm

2012-01-01

493

STEM Teachers in Professional Learning Communities: A Knowledge Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a comprehensive knowledge synthesis of professional learning communities (PLCs) and their impact on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) teaching and learning in K-12 education. This report is organized around the following sections: Background, Overview of Key Findings, Methodology, Results, and…

National Commission on Teaching and America's Future, 2010

2010-01-01

494

What is STEM Education? Kimberly M. Childs, Professor  

E-print Network

of all teachers leave within 5 years of entering the profession. The attrition rate is 50% higher, Engineering, and Mathematics The Nation faces two central challenges to constructing a strong, coordinated: STEM education in the Nation is not coordinated horizontally among states or aligned vertically through

Long, Nicholas

495

PURSUING A CAREER IN THE FIELDS OF STEM SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

professionals. To stay competitive in the global economy and to fuel the innovation needed to solve world prob with nearby scientific businesses, and programs to encourage members of underrepresented groups to pursue STEM? Are you fascinated by aerospace travel? Are you interested in solving mathematical problems

Howat, Ian M.

496

Discipline-Based Efforts to Enhance Undergraduate STEM Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to reform and improve teaching and learning in the undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines have grown increasingly stronger and more focused over the past two decades. Since the early 1990s, some notable unifying developments have given coherence to such initiatives, as well as other developments…

Ferrini-Mundy, Joan; Gucler, Beste

2009-01-01

497

Addressing STEM Retention through a Scientific Thought and Methods Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Retention of majors in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is a national problem that continues to be the focus of bridging and first-year experience programs. This article presents an innovative course, Scientific Thought and Methods, that targets students with low math placement scores. These students are not eligible for…

Koenig, Kathleen; Schen, Melissa; Edwards, Michael; Bao, Lei

2012-01-01

498

Students drop out of STEM fields due to poor grades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

College students planning to major in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields often drop out of those fields because of poorer than expected grades, according to a recent study. Conducted by Ralph Stinebrickner of Berea College in Kentucky and Todd Stinebrickner of the University of Western Ontario, the study is a National Bureau of Economic Research working paper published in June 2013.

Balcerak, Ernie

2013-09-01

499

Mathematics College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

Mathematics College of Arts and Sciences Degree Options Bachelor of Science in Mathematics Actuarial Sciences Applied Mathematics Mathematics Teaching Theoretical Mathematics Minors Mathematics and undergraduate students an opportunity to use and improve their mathematics skills and to learn more about

Collins, Gary S.

500

Artificial Stem Cell Niches  

PubMed Central

Stem cells are characterized by their dual ability to reproduce themselves (self-renew) and specialize (differentiate), yielding a plethora of daughter cells that maintain and regenerate tissues. In contrast to their embryonic counterparts, adult stem cells retain their unique functions only if they are in intimate contact with an instructive microenvironment, termed stem cell niche. In these niches, stem cells integrate a complex array of molecular signals that, in concert with induced cell-intrinsic regulatory networks, control their function and balance their numbers in response to physiologic demands. This progress report provides a perspective on how advanced materials technologies could be used (i) to engineer and systematically analyze specific aspects of functional stem cells niches in a controlled fashion in vitro and (ii) to target stem cell niches in vivo. Such “artificial niches” constitute potent tools for elucidating stem cell regulatory mechanisms with the capacity to directly impact the development of novel therapeutic strategies for tissue regeneration. PMID:20882496

Lutolf, Matthias P.; Blau, Helen M.

2011-01-01