Science.gov

Sample records for mayores chilenos autovalentes

  1. Tell It to the Mayor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schachter, Ron

    2009-01-01

    Mayoral control of public schools is nothing new. Boston pioneered the practice in 1992, replacing elected school committee members with mayoral appointees. Since then, a dozen urban districts--including Cleveland, Chicago, New York City, and Washington, D.C.--have undergone a similar change in school governance that has shifted some or most of…

  2. City Lights: America's Boldest Mayors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eggers, William D.

    1993-01-01

    Although the plight of cities seems nearly hopeless, three new-style big city mayors have emerged to try ideas deserving study by other cities. Edward Rendell of Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), John Norquist of Milwaukee (Wisconsin), and Stephen Goldsmith of Indianapolis (Indiana) are demonstrating that U.S. cities can be made to work. (SLD)

  3. Mayoral Governance and Student Achievement: How Mayor-Led Districts Are Improving School and Student Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Kenneth K.; Shen, Francis X.

    2013-01-01

    Mayoral control and accountability is one of very few major education reforms that aim at governance coherence in this nation's highly fragmented urban school systems. A primary feature of mayoral governance is that it holds the office of the mayor accountable for school performance. As an institutional redesign, mayoral governance integrates…

  4. Mayoral Control in the Windy City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russo, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    When former U.S. congressman and Obama administration chief of staff Rahm Emanuel marched triumphantly into the Chicago mayor's office in 2011, he promised to revamp Chicago Public Schools (CPS) in ways that had barely been contemplated in 16 years of mayoral control over the city's sprawling public-school system. This article discusses…

  5. Mayoral Control in the Windy City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russo, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    When former U.S. congressman and Obama administration chief of staff Rahm Emanuel marched triumphantly into the Chicago mayor's office in 2011, he promised to revamp Chicago Public Schools (CPS) in ways that had barely been contemplated in 16 years of mayoral control over the city's sprawling public-school system. This article discusses…

  6. Mayoral School Leadership and Integrated Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for the Study of Education Policy, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The past two decades have seen an emerging trend in urban school governance: mayors taking the reins of school district leadership. The impetus for putting the mayor in charge of a city's schools usually stems from at least one of the following being documented or generally perceived about an urban school district: (1) Lack of accountability; (2)…

  7. The Mayor's Role in School Desegregation Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossell, Christine

    1977-01-01

    Successful, or at least nonviolent, strategy for school desegregation depends upon the city's social and political structure. Mayors should plan school desegregation policy as part of a total approach to urban renewal. (Author/GC)

  8. Aztec Mexico: Discovery of Templo Mayor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breslav, Marc

    1982-01-01

    Describes the Aztec archaeological artifacts shown in the American Museum of Natural History exhibit: "Aztec Mexico: Discovery of Templo Mayor." More than 100 objects, ranging from human skulls to jewelry, found in the excavation of the Great Temple of Mexico located under the center of Mexico City, were displayed. (AM)

  9. Welcome by the Mayor of Valtetsi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Papanikolau, N.

    Welcome by the Mayor of Valtetsi Mr. Chairman Ladies and Gentlemen The municipality of Valtetsi welcomes you and wishes success in your work. Arcadia is both a historical and modern region. Moreover, as a name it remained in the western culture recalling a harmonious and peaceful dream, a lost and desirable situation where the human being lived in balance with nature, a region where the person did not feel yet uprooted. For thousands of years the poetic voices retained vivid this eternal bucolic call of simplicity and accessible happiness. Gazing the starlit sky we will always see Kallisto, the daughter of Lykaona, king of Arcadia and her son Arcadian as they were both transformed in to the constellations Major and Minor Ursus because of the erotic libido of Jupiter and the jealousy of Hera. And we will always remember Centaurus Cheirona, the great schoolteacher of ancient heroes, who was the first to name the constellations according to mythology. Finally we would like to thank the patriot Mr. T. Tzioumi who returns to his beautiful village in Arcadia just like Antaios did. In the geographic place that inspired the arcadian ideal, such activities recall in the limelight Arcadia as was dreamed by Europe. Mr. Chairman, ladies and gentlemen, success in your scientific work. The Municipality of Valtetsi and I myself will be always next to you so that your stay at Arcadia will always remain vivid in your memory. Thank you. Nikos Papanikolaou Mayor of Valtetsi

  10. Impact of Radio Ads on New Mexico Mayoral Races.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCleneghan, J. Sean

    1987-01-01

    Compares local radio advertising with small daily and weekly newspapers in influencing the outcome of 11 New Mexico mayoral races in 1986. Reports that the 11 winning mayoral candidates paid attention to radio political advertising in their media mix. (MM)

  11. The Political Dynamics of Mayoral Engagement in Public Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Kenneth K.

    2006-01-01

    Like many urban reform strategies, mayoral leadership in education has both proponents and skeptics. On the one hand, proponents argue that mayor-led initiatives have the potential to transform low-performing schools and to hold schools and students accountable to systemwide standards. On the other hand, skeptics see mayoral involvement as…

  12. Priorities for "The New American City." Mayors 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coles, H. Brent

    This report focuses on the scope and potential of the New American City, a term employed by entrepreneurial mayors who have forged partnerships with businesses, nonprofits, and other governmental entities to improve the quality of life in their cities. U.S. mayors believe that it is possible to strengthen and maintain the growth of the New…

  13. Some problems of Maryland towns as seen by their mayors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peake, H. J.

    1978-01-01

    Conversations were held with the mayors of six Maryland towns to discuss possible models and needs for technology transfer. An unexpected outcome of the discussions was a considerable insight into local problems as perceived by the mayors. Problems, whether administrative, socio-economic, or technological, are different, from town to town, in degree, not in kind. Recognition of this feature of local priorities is vital to any considerations of external assistance.

  14. Mayors and Public Education: The Case for Greater Involvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usdan, Michael D.

    2006-01-01

    Over the last generation, a new politics of education has evolved throughout the United States. Since the 1983 watershed report "A Nation at Risk" (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983), the country's most influential business and political leaders--and, more recently, mayors--have spearheaded efforts to improve student achievement…

  15. Will Mayor De Blasio Turn Back the School Reform Clock?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Peter

    2014-01-01

    While heads were spinning, policy watchers seemed genuinely perplexed by New York City's Mayor de Blasio's education opinions. De Blasio opposed many of Bloomberg's reform efforts despite the achievement gains realized by the nation's largest school district during the last 12 years. Yet on close reading, de Blasio's…

  16. Evolution of a Quaternary peralkaline volcano: Mayor Island, New Zealand

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Houghton, B.F.; Weaver, S.D.; Wilson, C.J.N.; Lanphere, M.A.

    1992-01-01

    Mayor Island is a Holocene pantelleritic volcano showing a wide range of dispersive power and eruptive intensity despite a very limited range in magma composition of only 2% SiO2. The primary controls on this range appear to have been the magmatic gas content on eruption and a varying involvement of basaltic magma, rather than major-element chemistry of the rhyolites. The ca. 130 ka subaerial history of the volcano contains portions of three geochemical cycles with abrupt changes in trace-element chemistry following episodes of caldera collapse. The uniform major-element chemistry of the magma may relate to a fine balance between rates of eruption and supply and the higher density of the more evolved (Ferich) magmas which could be tapped only after caldera-forming events had removed significant volumes of less evolved but lighter magma. ?? 1992.

  17. Mayor's Firm Hand over N.Y.C. Schools Sparks New Debate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Archer, Jeff

    2004-01-01

    This article reports a new debate on mayoral control over New York City schools. Mayoral control of the N.Y.C. schools was at the center of renewed debate, after Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg replaced two members of the city's education policymaking board to ensure enough votes for a controversial plan he backed to end social promotion. The shakeup…

  18. Chartering New Waters: The Indianapolis Mayoral Transition and the Charter School Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prusinski, Ellen L.; Ruddy, Anne-Maree; Plucker, Jonathan A.; Cierniak, Katherine A.

    2015-01-01

    As the first mayor in the United States to possess independent charter school authorizing authority, Mayor Bart Peterson oversaw the establishment and expansion of Indianapolis's ambitious charter school initiative. In 2007, Democratic Mayor Peterson's oversight of the initiative came to an end when he was unexpectedly defeated by Republican…

  19. A Case Study in Policy Change: Mayoral Control in New York City's Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGlynn, Adam

    2010-01-01

    During the 33 years New York City schools were controlled primarily by community school boards, the city's mayors posited that greater mayoral influence was the cure for the ills afflicting the city's schools. This paper applies theories of policy change to the 30-year battle for control of New York's schools while highlighting the role of the…

  20. Identifying the Causes of Mayoral Control in Urban Public School Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGlynn, Adam J.

    2010-01-01

    Absent from the literature on mayoral control of urban public schools are quantitative studies that create a coherent theory of why mayoral control occurs. This article attempts to fill this gap by analyzing 47 urban school districts from 1991 to 2002, using a Cox Proportional Hazards model to assess the effects of political, economic, and…

  1. A Case Study in Policy Change: Mayoral Control in New York City's Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGlynn, Adam

    2010-01-01

    During the 33 years New York City schools were controlled primarily by community school boards, the city's mayors posited that greater mayoral influence was the cure for the ills afflicting the city's schools. This paper applies theories of policy change to the 30-year battle for control of New York's schools while highlighting the role of the…

  2. Building Suburban Dreams: School District Secession and Mayoral Control in Suburban Utah

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buendia, Edward; Humbert-Fisk, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Background/Context: Mayoral control of large city school districts has become the newest form of school district reorganization. Researchers have documented how real and perceived crises have propelled mayors in Chicago, Baltimore, and Washington DC, amongst others, to redefine the role of board governance by situating the operations of districts…

  3. Building Suburban Dreams: School District Secession and Mayoral Control in Suburban Utah

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buendia, Edward; Humbert-Fisk, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Background/Context: Mayoral control of large city school districts has become the newest form of school district reorganization. Researchers have documented how real and perceived crises have propelled mayors in Chicago, Baltimore, and Washington DC, amongst others, to redefine the role of board governance by situating the operations of districts…

  4. Community Support for Mayoral Control of Urban School Districts: A Critical Reexamination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shen, Francis X.

    2012-01-01

    This article challenges the view that citywide referenda alone are an effective means of ensuring accountability for mayoral control. Through new empirical analysis of the referenda results in Boston and Cleveland, the article shows that rather than establish genuine democratic legitimacy, the referenda in fact mask strong class-based, and in…

  5. Community Support for Mayoral Control of Urban School Districts: A Critical Reexamination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shen, Francis X.

    2012-01-01

    This article challenges the view that citywide referenda alone are an effective means of ensuring accountability for mayoral control. Through new empirical analysis of the referenda results in Boston and Cleveland, the article shows that rather than establish genuine democratic legitimacy, the referenda in fact mask strong class-based, and in…

  6. Redesigning Urban Districts in the USA: Mayoral Accountability and the Diverse Provider Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Kenneth K.

    2011-01-01

    In response to public pressure, urban districts in the USA have initiated reforms that aim at redrawing the boundaries between the school system and other major local institutions. More specifically, this article focuses on two emerging reform strategies. We will examine an emerging model of governance that enables big-city mayors to establish…

  7. Assessing the Case for Mayoral Control of Urban Schools. Education Outlook. No. 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M.

    2008-01-01

    Education reformers have long questioned whether school boards have become an anachronism. Pointing to promising efforts in Boston and New York City, some have argued for handing over control of school districts to mayors. A review of the research suggests that advocates overstate the evidence and underestimate the pitfalls, but, on balance,…

  8. Changing Course on School Reform: Strategic Organizing around the New York City Mayoral Election

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easton, Billy

    2014-01-01

    New York City's new mayor, Bill de Blasio, represents a dramatic shift from his predecessor Michael Bloomberg in the area of education. Bloomberg was a national trendsetter on market reforms focused on privatization, testing, and competition. De Blasio was elected on an agenda of classroom investments, student supports, parent and community…

  9. Mayors, Governors, and Presidents: The New Education Executives and the End of Educational Exceptionalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henig, Jeffrey R.

    2009-01-01

    Various accounts have noted a growing visibility and influence of presidents, governors, and mayors in the shaping of educational policy. Typically, explanations for this are discrete and situational: specific to particular levels of government, particular jurisdictions, particular visionary leaders, and transitory external events. This article…

  10. Getting Hold of District Finances: A Make-or-Break Issue for Mayoral Involvement in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Paul T.

    2006-01-01

    In this essay, the author calls attention to a little-studied but critical aspect of school system reform: the nontransparent and sometimes illogical ways school districts allocate funds and personnel, especially teachers. Drawing on a series of studies produced by his Center for Reinventing Public Education, the author asserts that mayors who…

  11. Looking for Leadership: Assessing the Case for Mayoral Control of Urban School Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M.

    2008-01-01

    Replacing boards of education conceived during the Progressive Era with mayoral control has been a popular reform strategy in urban districts such as Boston, Chicago, and New York City. A thorough review of the extant research, however, shows little evidence regarding its impact on governance, management, school organization, or teaching and…

  12. RELACIÓN MÉDICO PACIENTE: DERECHOS DEL ADULTO MAYOR

    PubMed Central

    Barrantes-Monge, Melba; Rodríguez, Eduardo; Lama, Alexis

    2009-01-01

    Existen prejuicios en relación con la vejez, incluso entre los profesionales que se dedican a la gerontología. Uno común y peligroso es considerar que los viejos son todos enfermos o discapacitados. La relación médico-paciente es la piedra angular de la práctica y ética médicas. Para alcanzar el respeto por los adultos mayores es necesaria una medicina prudente, basada en una práctica en la cual la reflexión ética y clínica pueda contribuir. Esto último es posible si se hacen valer los derechos del adulto mayor, en particular como paciente para la toma de decisiones. PMID:20379380

  13. Sustaining and Strengthening DC Schools: Challenges and Choices for the New Mayor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, Megan; Bogle, Mary

    2014-01-01

    Mayor-elect Bowser assumed control at a delicate juncture in the turbulent history of DC schools. In the 2008-09 school year, public school enrollment--in both traditional and charter schools--increased for the first time since the 1960s. In 2013-14, the District had the largest student body in over 25 years, and over the past 15 years, public…

  14. Attitudes and Perceptions of Vocational Education in New York City: Implications for the Mayor's School Reform Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Rupert

    2012-01-01

    Under-performing New York City (NYC) schools precipitated Mayor Michael Bloomberg's decision to advance a vocational education initiative. The initiative was to address the problem of the many city high school graduates lacking both the skills for gainful employment and the academic preparedness to pursue higher education. The mayor's initiative…

  15. Attitudes and Perceptions of Vocational Education in New York City: Implications for the Mayor's School Reform Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Rupert

    2012-01-01

    Under-performing New York City (NYC) schools precipitated Mayor Michael Bloomberg's decision to advance a vocational education initiative. The initiative was to address the problem of the many city high school graduates lacking both the skills for gainful employment and the academic preparedness to pursue higher education. The mayor's initiative…

  16. "Good Politics Is Good Government": The Troubling History of Mayoral Control of the Public Schools in Twentieth-Century Chicago

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carl, Jim

    2009-01-01

    This article looks at urban education through the vantage point of Chicago's mayors. It begins with Carter H. Harrison II (who served from 1897 to 1905 and again from 1911 to 1915) and ends with Richard M. Daley (1989 to the present), with most of the focus on four long-serving mayors: William Hale Thompson (1915-23 and 1927-31), Edward Kelly…

  17. DIABETES MELLITUS COMO FACTOR DE RIESGO DE DEMENCIA EN LA POBLACIÓN ADULTA MAYOR MEXICANA

    PubMed Central

    Silvia, Mejía-Arango; Clemente, y Zúñiga-Gil

    2012-01-01

    Introduccion La diabetes mellitus y las demencias constituyen dos problemas crecientes de salud entre la población adulta mayor del mundo y en particular de los paises en desarrollo. Hacen falta estudios longitudinales sobre el papel de la diabetes como factor de riesgo para demencia. Objetivo Determinar el riesgo de demencia en sujetos Mexicanos con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Materiales y Metodos Los sujetos diabéticos libres de demencia pertenecientes al Estudio Nacional de Salud y Envejecimiento en México fueron evaluados a los dos años de la línea de base. Se estudió el papel de los factores sociodemográficos, de otras comorbilidades y del tipo de tratamiento en la conversión a demencia. Resultados Durante la línea de base 749 sujetos (13.8%) tuvieron diabetes. El riesgo de desarrollar demencia en estos individuos fue el doble (RR, 2.08 IC 95%, 1.59–2.73). Se encontró un riesgo mayor en individuos de 80 años y más (RR 2.44 IC 95%, 1.46–4.08), en los hombres (RR, 2.25 IC 95%, 1.46–3.49) y en sujetos con nivel educativo menor de 7 años. El estar bajo tratamiento con insulina incrementó el riesgo de demencia (RR, 2.83, IC 95%, 1.58–5.06). Las otras comorbilidades que aumentaron el riesgo de demencia en los pacientes diabéticos fueron la hipertensión (RR, 2.75, IC 95%, 1.86–4.06) y la depresión (RR, 3.78, 95% IC 2.37–6.04). Conclusión Los sujetos con diabetes mellitus tienen un riesgo mayor de desarrollar demencia, La baja escolaridad y otras comorbilidades altamente prevalentes en la población Mexicana contribuyen a la asociación diabetes-demencia. PMID:21948010

  18. Near-field deformation from the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake revealed by differential LIDAR.

    PubMed

    Oskin, Michael E; Arrowsmith, J Ramon; Hinojosa Corona, Alejandro; Elliott, Austin J; Fletcher, John M; Fielding, Eric J; Gold, Peter O; Gonzalez Garcia, J Javier; Hudnut, Ken W; Liu-Zeng, Jing; Teran, Orlando J

    2012-02-10

    Large [moment magnitude (M(w)) ? 7] continental earthquakes often generate complex, multifault ruptures linked by enigmatic zones of distributed deformation. Here, we report the collection and results of a high-resolution (?nine returns per square meter) airborne light detection and ranging (LIDAR) topographic survey of the 2010 M(w) 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake that produced a 120-kilometer-long multifault rupture through northernmost Baja California, Mexico. This differential LIDAR survey completely captures an earthquake surface rupture in a sparsely vegetated region with pre-earthquake lower-resolution (5-meter-pixel) LIDAR data. The postevent survey reveals numerous surface ruptures, including previously undocumented blind faults within thick sediments of the Colorado River delta. Differential elevation changes show distributed, kilometer-scale bending strains as large as ~10(3) microstrains in response to slip along discontinuous faults cutting crystalline bedrock of the Sierra Cucapah. PMID:22323817

  19. Mud volcano response to the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rudolph, M. L.; Manga, M.

    2010-12-01

    Mud volcanoes sometimes respond to earthquakes, but the mechanisms by which earthquakes trigger changes in ongoing eruptions or initiate new eruptions are not completely understood. We measured gas discharge at a field of mud volcanoes near the Salton Sea, southern California, before and after the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake and observed an increase in gas flux immediately following the earthquake and a subsequent recovery to pre-earthquake values. This earthquake-eruption pair is of particular interest because the earthquake produced large strains, up to 1.2%, near the mud volcano location, allowing us to test two competing triggering mechanisms: (1) shaking-induced bubble mobilization and (2) permeability enhancement. We measured the rheology of erupted mud from the mud volcanoes to quantify the importance of mechanism 1 and found that this mechanism is unlikely to be important. We therefore favor the explanation that the increased gas flux was caused by a transient increase in permeability.

  20. Did stresses from the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field influence the El Mayor-Cucapah rupture sequence?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trugman, Daniel T.; Borsa, Adrian A.; Sandwell, David T.

    2014-12-01

    The Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah (EMC) earthquake ruptured a complex fault system in northern Baja California that was previously considered inactive. The Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field (CPGF), site of the world's second largest geothermal power plant, is located approximately 15 km to the northeast of the EMC hypocenter. We investigate whether anthropogenic fluid extraction at the CPGF caused a significant perturbation to the stress field in the EMC rupture zone. We use Advanced Land Observing Satellite interferometric synthetic aperture radar data to develop a laterally heterogeneous model of fluid extraction at the CPGF and estimate that this extraction generates positive Coulomb stressing rates of order 15 kPa/yr near the EMC hypocenter, a value which exceeds the local tectonic stressing rate. Although we cannot definitively conclude that production at the CPGF triggered the EMC earthquake, its influence on the local stress field is substantial and should not be neglected in local seismic hazard assessments.

  1. Getting food policy on the Mayoral table: a comparison of two election cycles in New York and London.

    PubMed

    Freudenberg, N; Atkinson, S

    2015-04-01

    Cities and Mayors are increasingly being recognized as important in shaping social policy and improving social well-being. And municipal food policies are increasingly important as a tool to reduce food insecurity and prevent diet-related chronic diseases. Thus city governments have a unique ability to improve local food environments. To realize this potential for improving urban food environments, nutrition advocates will need to find innovative approaches for influencing municipal food policy. This paper examines Mayoral elections as a vehicle to advance food policy. To explore this strategy, Mayoral elections in two cities, New York City (NYC) and London, during two recent cycles were compared. To gather evidence multiple sources were used including campaign documents, media and opinion polls as well as the authors' own observations as food policy observers and participants in the two cities. Mayoral governance differs between NYC and London, with the Mayor in NYC having greater powers of management and administration, whilst the London Mayor has a more strategic role and may need to also use 'influence'. Food policy and related issues did not feature strongly in the first election cycles in either city. However by the 2012 and 2013 elections food issues were definitely 'on the table' and featured in main candidates' campaign literature. These latter elections also saw the importance of food advocates coming together to form common alliances and place food issues higher on the municipal agenda. In this way, food policy has become part of the election dialogue in both cities and candidates are expected to consider food policy issues. This analysis leads to make observations which could guide advocates as to how to use Mayoral elections to raise policy objectives for the benefit of public health. PMID:25834929

  2. Near field 3D displacement of El Mayor-Cupapah Earthquake: A hybrid approach. (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hinojosa-Corona, A.; Limon, F. J.; Nissen, E.; Glennie, C. L.; Krishnan, A.; Oskin, M. E.; Arrowsmith, R.; Leprince, S.; Saripalli, S.; Arregui, S. M.; Borsa, A. A.; Kreylos, O.; Banesh, D.; Fletcher, J. M.

    2013-12-01

    The surface rupture produced on April 4th of 2010 by the M 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake is an ideal target to be analyzed by remote sensing techniques. It produced over 100 km of scarps, with vertical and horizontal slip on the order of 2 to 3 m in scarcely vegetated, rugged terrain underlain by mostly igneous rocks. A 3D displacement field (DF) was calculated by matching pre- to post-event airborne LiDAR point clouds through the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm, which first segments the point clouds into discrete windows, and for each, iteratively converges on a rigid body transformation comprising a translation and a rotation that best aligns the pre- to post-event point clouds. After testing different window sizes, we used a square window 100m a side. The El Mayor-Cucapah LiDAR data sets present special challenges for the ICP technique. The point clouds differ considerably in point density, by ~1:700. This, and the lower precision of the pre-earthquake data, limit the accuracy of the DF results. Despite these issues, the vertical and East-West (E-W) components of the DF from ICP very clearly delineate the trace of the surface rupture, showing east-side down dextral-normal motion in agreement with field measurements and the focal mechanism reported for this event. A systematic error in the LiDAR instrument used for the pre-event survey caused severe distortion of the North-South (N-S) component of the LiDAR returns. After reprocessing the source pre-event point cloud in various ways to correct for the systematic error, a more plausible pattern for the N-S component was obtained for the DF. To have another perspective for the horizontal DF, a subpixel correlation analysis of optical satellite images (SPOT 2.5 m panchromatic images) before and after the earthquake, was performed using the COSI-Corr software. We combined the N-S component from this analysis with the E-W and vertical components of the ICP results, and present the analysis of the resulting DF. We also compare the results from ICP and COSI-Corr individually for each of the horizontal components. Both methods delineate very clearly the rupture, and agree in direction with small discrepancies in magnitude for the horizontal DF. Results from far field deformation measurements obtained from different remote sensing techniques, such as GPS and InSAR, could be fused with the near-field LiDAR and COSI-Corr results to provide a synoptic view of the strain induced by earthquakes such as the El Mayor-Cucapah event.

  3. Mechanisms of Postseismic Deformation Following the 2010 M=7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rollins, J. C.; Barbot, S.; Avouac, J.

    2013-12-01

    Aseismic deformation processes such as fault creep, viscous flow, and pore fluid motion influence the states of stress on fault zones, making them important in regional seismic hazard assessment. A large earthquake imparts stress changes to the surrounding medium that can accelerate these processes, producing transient surface deformation that can yield valuable information about them. The Salton Trough is an ideal site in which to use this method to study the rheological structure of extensional environments: the extensional component of relative plate motion there has thinned the continental lithosphere and brought the asthenosphere up to within 45 km of the surface, while the transform component of relative motion produces large strike-slip earthquakes that impart large stress changes to this shallow asthenosphere. The most recent such earthquake, the 2010 M=7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah event, was the largest earthquake in this region since at least 1892 and occurred directly above shallow asthenosphere. Using the Wei et al [2011] slip model for the El Mayor-Cucapah event and the deformation modeling software RELAX, we simulate postseismic surface deformation resulting from afterslip and viscoelastic relaxation in a variety of hypothetical geometries, then compare these forward models to postseismic displacements observed in GPS data. We observe a broad pattern of westward postseismic displacement in the Peninsular Ranges that is consistent with linear Newtonian viscoelastic relaxation in a low-viscosity asthenosphere. Displacement timeseries in the eastern Imperial Valley suggest that a power-law rheology may also be present in at least the shallow Salton Trough asthenosphere. A systematic pattern of postseismic uplift in the Imperial Valley is also best explained by viscoelastic relaxation in the asthenosphere and/or mantle lithosphere. Near-field horizontal displacements in the Imperial Valley feature both a short-term decaying signal consistent with power-law viscoelastic relaxation or deep afterslip and a notable sustained signal consistent with Newtonian viscoelastic relaxation in the lower crust and/or mantle lithosphere. The best-fitting models feature complex, laterally heterogeneous assortments of many of these mechanisms, suggesting that high heat flow in the Salton Trough results in reduced viscosities in both the crust and upper mantle.

  4. Studies on bioflocculant production by a mixed culture of Methylobacterium sp. Obi and Actinobacterium sp. Mayor

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Bioflocculants effect the aggregation of suspended solutes in solutions thus, a viable alternative to inorganic poly-ionic and synthetic organic flocculants which are associated with deleterious health problems. Consequently, a consortium of two bacteria species were evaluated for optimized bioflocculant yield following the inadequacies of axenic cultures. Results 16S rDNA nucleotide sequencing and BLAST analysis of nucleotide sequences were used to identify the bacterial species, carbon and nitrogen sources optimally supporting bioflocculant production were assessed and the purified bioflocculant characterized. Nucleotide sequences showed 97% and 96% similarity to Methylobacterium sp. AKB-2008-KU9 and Methylobacterium sp. strain 440. The second isolate, likewise, showed 98% similarity to Actinobacterium OR-221. The sequences were deposited in GenBank as Methylobacterium sp. Obi [accession number HQ537130] and Actinobacterium sp. Mayor [accession number JF799090]. Flocculating activity of 95% was obtained in the presence of Ca2+ and heat-stability was exhibited with retention of above 70% activity at 100°C in 30 min. In addition, bioflocculant yield was about 8.203 g/l. A dose of 1 mg/ml of purified bioflocculant was optimal for the clarification of Kaolin suspension (100 ml) following Jar test. FTIR spectrum revealed the presence of carboxyl and hydroxyl functional groups amongst others. Conclusions The mixed culture produced bioflocculant with high flocculating activity and an improved yield. The efficiency observed with jar test may imply industrial applicability. PMID:23915393

  5. Adding Up the Numbers: The Education Budget under Mayoral Control. Update and Summary of 2005-06 EPP Bulletins

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connell, Noreen

    2007-01-01

    For more than a century, a succession of New York City (NYC) mayors have claimed that they were reducing administrative overhead in the school system and driving more resources to instruction. These claims have been dutifully reported by the press with rarely any effort to verify them. For the last 50 years, the salaries of teachers were increased…

  6. Neither the State nor the Grass Roots: Language Maintenance and the Discourse of the Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marr, Tim

    1999-01-01

    Describes the Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, a Peruvian institution ostensibly dedicated to maintaining Quechua. Data from writings by and about the Academia and from administrator interviews suggest that the institution shows signs of an ambivalent and potentially conflictive attitude toward the Peruvian state and Quechua speakers, and this…

  7. The Mayor of EarthCube: Cities as an Analogue for Governing Cyberinfrastructure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pearthree, G. M.; Allison, M. L.; Patten, K.

    2012-12-01

    Historical development of national and global infrastructure follows common paths with common imperatives. The nascent development may be led a by champion, innovator, or incubating organization. Once the infrastructure reaches a tipping point and adoption spreads rapidly, the organization and governance evolves in concert. Ultimately, no wide-spread infrastructure (from canals to highways to the electric grid to radio/television, or the Internet) operates with a single overarching governing body. The NSF EarthCube initiative is a prototype implementation of cyberinfrastructure, using the broad geoscience community as the testbed. Governance for EarthCube is emulating the pattern of other infrastructure, which we argue is a system of systems that can be described by organized complexity, emergent systems, and non-linear thermodynamics. As we consider governance cyberinfrastructure in the geosciences, we might look to cities as analogs: cities provide services such as fire, police, water, and trash collection. Cities issue permits and often oversee zoning, but much of what defines cities is outside the direct control of city government. Businesses choose whether to locate there, where to operate, and what to build. Residents make similar decisions. State and federal agencies make decisions or impose criteria that greatly affect cities, without necessarily getting agreement from them. City government must thus operate at multiple levels - providing oversight and management of city services, interaction with residents, businesses, and visitors, and dealing with actions and decisions made by independent entities over which they have little or no control. Cities have a range of organizational and management models, ranging from city managers, councils, and weak to strong mayors, some elected directly, some chosen from councils. The range and complexity of governance issues in building, operating, and sustaining cyberinfrastructure in the geosciences and beyond, rival those of running a medium to large city. The range of organizational and management structures in meeting community needs and goals are also diverse and may embody a multi-faceted set of governing archetypes, best suited to carry out each of myriad functions. We envision cyberinfrastructure governance to be a community-driven enterprise empowered to carry out a dynamic set of functions, operating within a set of processes (comparable to a city charter) and guiding principles (constitution).

  8. Postseismic Deformation Following the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake: Observations, Kinematic Inversions, and Dynamic Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rollins, Christopher; Barbot, Sylvain; Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    2015-05-01

    Due to its location on a transtensional section of the Pacific-North American plate boundary, the Salton Trough is a region featuring large strike-slip earthquakes within a regime of shallow asthenosphere, high heat flow, and complex faulting, and so postseismic deformation there may feature enhanced viscoelastic relaxation and afterslip that is particularly detectable at the surface. The 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake was the largest shock in the Salton Trough since 1892 and occurred close to the US-Mexico border, and so the postseismic deformation recorded by the continuous GPS network of southern California provides an opportunity to study the rheology of this region. Three-year postseismic transients extracted from GPS displacement time-series show four key features: (1) 1-2 cm of cumulative uplift in the Imperial Valley and 1 cm of subsidence in the Peninsular Ranges, (2) relatively large cumulative horizontal displacements 150 km from the rupture in the Peninsular Ranges, (3) rapidly decaying horizontal displacement rates in the first few months after the earthquake in the Imperial Valley, and (4) sustained horizontal velocities, following the rapid early motions, that were still visibly ongoing 3 years after the earthquake. Kinematic inversions show that the cumulative 3-year postseismic displacement field can be well fit by afterslip on and below the coseismic rupture, though these solutions require afterslip with a total moment equivalent to at least a earthquake and higher slip magnitudes than those predicted by coseismic stress changes. Forward modeling shows that stress-driven afterslip and viscoelastic relaxation in various configurations within the lithosphere can reproduce the early and later horizontal velocities in the Imperial Valley, while Newtonian viscoelastic relaxation in the asthenosphere can reproduce the uplift in the Imperial Valley and the subsidence and large westward displacements in the Peninsular Ranges. We present two forward models of dynamically coupled deformation mechanisms that fit the postseismic transient well: a model combining afterslip in the lower crust, Newtonian viscoelastic relaxation in a localized zone in the lower crust beneath areas of high heat flow and geothermal activity, and Newtonian viscoelastic relaxation in the asthenosphere; and a second model that replaces the afterslip in the first model with viscoelastic relaxation with a stress-dependent viscosity in the mantle. The rheology of this high-heat-flow, high-strain-rate region may incorporate elements of both these models and may well be more complex than either of them.

  9. GPS Time Series Analysis of Southern California Associated with the 2010 M7.2 El Mayor/Cucapah Earthquake

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Granat, Robert; Donnellan, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    The Magnitude 7.2 El-Mayor/Cucapah earthquake the occurred in Mexico on April 4, 2012 was well instrumented with continuous GPS stations in California. Large Offsets were observed at the GPS stations as a result of deformation from the earthquake providing information about the co-seismic fault slip as well as fault slip from large aftershocks. Information can also be obtained from the position time series at each station.

  10. Seismotectonics of the 2010 El Mayor Cucapah - Indiviso Earthquake and its Relation to Seismic Hazard in Southern California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzalez-Garcia, J. J.; Gonzalez Ortega, A.; Bock, Y.; Fialko, Y.; Fielding, E. J.; Fletcher, J. M.; Galetzka, J. E.; Hudnut, K. W.; Munguia, L.; Nelson, S. M.; Rockwell, T. K.; Sandwell, D. T.; Stock, J.

    2010-12-01

    The April 4th, 2010 Mw 7.2 earthquake was the largest earthquake in over 100 years of known historical seismicity in the Salton Trough region. It was a relatively benign earthquake, with only two deaths related to its occurrence. It produced, however, profound agricultural and ecological changes at the southern section of the Mexicali Valley, where a new fault called the Indiviso fault, is shown to have ruptured by analysis of ALOS PALSAR and Landsat imagery. The Indiviso fault connects the ridge-transform and continental transform tectonic regimes with a straight linkage, as revealed by this earthquake, but this event also simultaneously involved oblique normal faulting and cross-faulting. The earthquake was complex, with at least three distinct slip pulses. It originated as a normal rupture along the ~18 km long, N-S striking El Mayor-Hardy fault along the east margin of the Sierra El Mayor. After 10 seconds, two large bursts of energy were released, one to the NW and one to the SE, producing the total moment release equivalent to Mw 7.25. The NW ruptures reactivated portions of the Pescadores, Borrego and Paso Superior faults with minor slip along the Laguna Salada and several other faults. This section had a dominant right lateral strike slip sense of motion with the NE side down. To the SE of the epicenter, disruption occurred along the dominantly strike-slip Indiviso fault, with a SW side down component of dip slip. The epicentral aftershock area, including its main aftershock to the NW, is >120 km in length; the surficial faulting occurs along ~110 km with 6-9 km of splaying to the N-NE at the NW end and to the S-SW at the SE end. The El Mayor Cucapah - Indiviso event follows nine M>6.5 earthquakes along the San Andreas fault system in the past 80 years between the head of the Gulf of California and the Transverse Ranges. Long, straight fault segments capable of larger earthquakes, and that have not ruptured historically, include portions of the San Jacinto and Elsinore faults, and the entire southern San Andreas Fault.

  11. Grading the Mayor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2005-01-01

    In the shadow of a Manhattan housing project, Public School 33 is coming back to life. A new principal has brought a wave of optimism, test scores are way up, and middle-class families who used to avoid the school are enrolling their children. In Brooklyn, teenagers who might have dropped out of school are getting diplomas through a special…

  12. Liquefaction and other ground failures in Imperial County, California, from the April 4, 2010, El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    McCrink, Timothy P.; Pridmore, Cynthia L.; Tinsley, John C., III; Sickler, Robert R.; Brandenberg, Scott J.; Stewart, Jonathan P.

    2011-01-01

    The Colorado River Delta region of southern Imperial Valley, California, and Mexicali Valley, Baja California, is a tectonically dynamic area characterized by numerous active faults and frequent large seismic events. Significant earthquakes that have been accompanied by surface fault rupture and/or soil liquefaction occurred in this region in 1892 (M7.1), 1915 (M6.3; M7.1), 1930 (M5.7), 1940 (M6.9), 1950 (M5.4), 1957 (M5.2), 1968 (6.5), 1979 (6.4), 1980 (M6.1), 1981 (M5.8), and 1987 (M6.2; M6.8). Following this trend, the M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake of April 4, 2010, ruptured approximately 120 kilometers along several known faults in Baja California. Liquefaction caused by the M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake was widespread throughout the southern Imperial Valley but concentrated in the southwest corner of the valley, southwest of the city centers of Calexico and El Centro where ground motions were highest. Although there are few strong motion recordings in the very western part of the area, the recordings that do exist indicate that ground motions were on the order of 0.3 to 0.6g where the majority of liquefaction occurrences were found. More distant liquefaction occurrences, at Fites Road southwest of Brawley and along Rosita Canal northwest of Holtville were triggered where ground motions were about 0.2 g. Damage to roads was associated mainly with liquefaction of sandy river deposits beneath bridge approach fills, and in some cases liquefaction within the fills. Liquefaction damage to canal and drain levees was not always accompanied by vented sand, but the nature of the damage leads the authors to infer that liquefaction was involved in the majority of observed cases. Liquefaction-related damage to several public facilities - Calexico Waste Water Treatment Plant, Fig Lagoon levee system, and Sunbeam Lake Dam in particular - appears to be extensive. The cost to repair these facilities to prevent future liquefaction damage will likely be prohibitive. As such, it is likely that liquefaction will recur at these facilities during the next large earthquake in this area.

  13. Differentiating static and dynamic triggering near Salton Sea following the 2010 Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meng, X.; Peng, Z.; Zhao, P.

    2011-12-01

    Whether static or dynamic triggering is the dominant mechanism for triggering aftershocks in near field is currently under heated debate. Previous studies on earthquake triggering mostly examined seismicity rate changes around the occurrence time of large earthquakes based on existing earthquake catalogs. However, such catalogs could be incomplete immediately after the mainshock, which may cause apparent seismicity rate changes that are unrelated to stress changes. In this study, we examine seismicity rate changes around the Salton Sea geothermal region following the 2010 Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake in Baja California. We focus on this region mainly because of its abundant background seismicity, dense network coverage, and being in the apparent stress shadow of the mainshock, which is the key factor to differentiate static and dynamic triggering. According to the Southern California Seismic Network (SCSN) catalog, the seismicity rate near Salton Sea clearly increased immediately after the mainshock and dropped below the pre-mainshock level within a few days. The seismicity remains low for another few months before returning back to the pre-mainshock level. To check whether such patterns are caused by catalog incompleteness, we are currently applying a waveform-based matched filter technique to detect possible missing events around Salton Sea that were masked by rigorous aftershock sequence around the mainshock rupture region. With more completed catalog, we can identify the genuine seismicity rate changes for better comparison with the static and dynamic stress changes. In addition to seismicity rate, static and dynamic stress changes could also affect seismic velocity in the upper crust, with a pattern that is somewhat similar to seismicity rate changes. Thus, monitoring seismic velocity changes can further help to differentiate the triggering mechanisms. In our preliminary study, we apply the ambient noise cross-correlation technique to continuously monitor the seismic velocity near Salton Sea ten days before and after the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. We find that immediately after the mainshock, seismic velocity near Salton Sea reduced up to 0.4% and followed by a fast recovery in the next three days. From 5 to 10 days after the mainshock, the velocity changes remained ~0.2% lower than the pre-shock level. Such co-seismic decrease was most likely caused by the widespread damages induced by strong ground motion, suggesting that dynamic stress changes were dominant in the short term. We are currently applying the same technique at later times to check whether the velocity change returns back to the pre-mainshock or not.

  14. The songs of Tlaloc: Interference of ten ceramical duct flutes, Offering 89 of the Aztec Templo Mayor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Both, M. A. Adje

    2002-11-01

    Among the many preserved sound artefacts deposited in the offerings of the Aztec Templo Mayor are a set of ten tubular duct flutes made from clay, dating Late Postclassic Mesoamerica, 1350-1521 AD. The aerophones are completely painted in blue, and characterized by: (1) a short mouthpiece; (2) a framed aperture; (3) a tube with four fingerholes; and (4) an applicated mask with features of the Aztec rain god Tlaloc, basically three rings and a standardized relief structure of two clouds. While all measurements follow the same pattern, one particular organological distinction was made, as five flutes show an exit hole in the middle ring of the mask and five flutes are stopped. Thus, five instruments sound considerably higher, apart from the minimal pitch deviation of each specimen. Both the tonal capacity of each flute and the acoustics of several flutes played simultaneously were recorded and measured. A series of remarkable interference effects could be produced, which were strongly related to the ritual complex reflected in the offering. Taking in consideration the Aztec concept of music, it could be supposed that they were perceived as a principle of the song, or proper voice of Tlaloc.

  15. Aftershocks of the 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake revealcomplex faulting in the Yuha Desert, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kroll, K.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.; Richards-Dinger, K.; Sumy, Danielle

    2013-01-01

    We detect and precisely locate over 9500 aftershocks that occurred in the Yuha Desert region during a 2 month period following the 4 April 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah (EMC) earthquake. Events are relocated using a series of absolute and relative relocation procedures that include Hypoinverse, Velest, and hypoDD. Location errors are reduced to ~40 m horizontally and ~120 m vertically.Aftershock locations reveal a complex pattern of faulting with en echelon fault segments trending toward the northwest, approximately parallel to the North American-Pacific plate boundary and en echelon, conjugate features trending to the northeast. The relocated seismicity is highly correlated with published surface mapping of faults that experienced triggered surface slip in response to the EMC main shock. Aftershocks occurred between 2 km and 11 km depths, consistent with previous studies of seismogenic thickness in the region. Three-dimensional analysis reveals individual and intersecting fault planes that are limited in their along-strike length. These fault planes remain distinct structures at depth, indicative of conjugate faulting, and do not appear to coalesce onto a throughgoing fault segment. We observe a complex spatiotemporal migration of aftershocks, with seismicity that jumps between individual fault segments that are active for only a few days to weeks. Aftershock rates are roughly consistent with the expected earthquake production rates of Dieterich (1994). The conjugate pattern of faulting and nonuniform aftershock migration patterns suggest that strain in the Yuha Desert is being accommodated in a complex manner.

  16. A harmonised dataset of greenhouse gas emissions inventories from cities under the EU Covenant of Mayors initiative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iancu, A.; Martelli, S.; Cerutti, A. K.; Janssens-Maenhout, G.; Melica, G.; Rivas-Calvete, S.; Kona, A.; Zancanella, P.; Bertoldi, P.

    2015-06-01

    The realization of national climate change commitments, as agreed through international negotiations, requires local action. However, data is still insufficient to make accurate statements about the scale of urban emissions (UNHABITAT, 2011). The need of comparable emission inventories at city level, including smaller cities, is widely recognized to develop evidence-based policies accounting for the relation between emissions and institutional, socio-economic and demographic characteristics at city level. This paper presents a collection of harmonized greenhouse gases (GHG) emission inventories (the "CoM sample 2013") at municipal level directly computed by the cities and towns that participate in the EU Covenant of Mayors initiative. This is the mainstream European movement of local and regional authorities who voluntarily commit to reduce GHG emissions by 20 % or more by 2020. The "CoM sample 2013" (http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/com/data/index.php?SECURE=123, doi:10.2904/EDGARcom2013) has been carefully checked to ensure its internal consistency and its congruity with respect to internationally accepted guide values for emission factors. Overall, it provides valuable data for the analysis of the heterogeneity of final energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of cities.

  17. Triggered surface slips in southern California associated with the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah, Baja California, Mexico, earthquake

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rymer, Michael J.; Treiman, Jerome A.; Kendrick, Katherine J.; Lienkaemper, James J.; Weldon, Ray J.; Bilham, Roger; Wei, Meng; Fielding, Eric J.; Hernandez, Janis L.; Olson, Brian P.E.; Irvine, Pamela J.; Knepprath, Nichole; Sickler, Robert R.; Tong, Xiaopeng; Siem, Martin E.

    2011-01-01

    Triggered slip in the Yuha Desert area occurred along more than two dozen faults, only some of which were recognized before the April 4, 2010, El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. From east to northwest, slip occurred in seven general areas: (1) in the Northern Centinela Fault Zone (newly named), (2) along unnamed faults south of Pinto Wash, (3) along the Yuha Fault (newly named), (4) along both east and west branches of the Laguna Salada Fault, (5) along the Yuha Well Fault Zone (newly revised name) and related faults between it and the Yuha Fault, (6) along the Ocotillo Fault (newly named) and related faults to the north and south, and (7) along the southeasternmost section of the Elsinore Fault. Faults that slipped in the Yuha Desert area include northwest-trending right-lateral faults, northeast-trending left-lateral faults, and north-south faults, some of which had dominantly vertical offset. Triggered slip along the Ocotillo and Elsinore Faults appears to have occurred only in association with the June 14, 2010 (Mw5.7), aftershock. This aftershock also resulted in slip along other faults near the town of Ocotillo. Triggered offset on faults in the Yuha Desert area was mostly less than 20 mm, with three significant exceptions, including slip of about 50–60 mm on the Yuha Fault, 40 mm on a fault south of Pinto Wash, and about 85 mm on the Ocotillo Fault. All triggered slips in the Yuha Desert area occurred along preexisting faults, whether previously recognized or not.

  18. Building on Years of Parent and Student Activism to Place a New Education Agenda at the Center of a Mayoral Election

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernández, María C.; Williams, Ocynthia

    2014-01-01

    For over a decade, students and parents in New York City have organized in coalitions across boroughs to fight for an equitable, just school system for all public school students. In a time when the Department of Education (DOE) centralized all power in the hands of one mayor and one schools chancellor, the Urban Youth Collaborative (UYC) and the…

  19. Airborne and terrestrial lidar imaging and analysis of the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake rupture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oskin, M. E.; Gold, P. O.; Hinojosa, A.; Arrowsmith, R.; Elliott, A. J.; Taylor, M. H.; Herrs, A. J.; Sartori, M.; Gonzalez-Garcia, J. J.; Gonzalez, A.; Kreylos, O.; Cowgill, E.

    2010-12-01

    We report newly available data sets and preliminary analysis of ground- and airborne-lidar surveys of the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake rupture. The hyperarid setting and varied surficial geology of this complex rupture zone presents an ideal setting to advance the use of lidar in post-earthquake scientific response. Terrestrial lidar surveys commenced within two weeks of the earthquake and capture ephemeral geomorphic features of the rupture zone. We recorded approximately 2 km of rupture on the Borrego fault where oblique dextral slip approaches four meters. These data highlight fine-scale features such as centimeter-scale scarps, subtle warping of the ground surface, and striations on the exposed fault free-face. Airborne lidar surveys, collected mid-August, 2010, span the rupture zone for 100 km in a NW-SE direction, from just south of the international border to the tidal flats of the Colorado River delta at the head of the Gulf of California. 3.8 billion point measurements were obtained with an average density of 11 points per square meter. GPS ground control was provided from a combination of PBO stations north of the border and coordination with the occupation of post-earthquake campaign sites in the central and southern portions of the rupture zone. The 3 km average width of the survey captures the complexity of strain-transfer between the multiple fault segments that slipped in 2010, as well as the adjacent zone of surface ruptures attributed to the 1892 Laguna Salada earthquake. This data set provides a new basis for offset measurements to be compared against field data collected immediately following the 2010 earthquake. Quantitative comparison to lower-resolution, pre-event lidar collected by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI) illuminates near-field distributed vertical deformation adjacent to the fault rupture. The southeastern half of the lidar survey spans a zone of cryptic dextral deformation, hosted within the thick sedimentary fill, where little surface evidence of tectonic deformation has been recovered to date. Here the lidar reveals a few linear zones of warping and minor surface ruptures that are likely faults. However the majority of dextral slip here appears to have been absorbed by distributed deformation of the sediments.

  20. Mapping the El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake Rupture Using Crusta, a New Virtual Globe for Remote Field Studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernardin, T. S.; Gold, P. O.; Elliott, A. J.; Oskin, M. E.; Cowgill, E.; Kreylos, O.; Hamann, B.; Kellogg, L. H.

    2010-12-01

    Virtual globes are becoming ubiquitous for visualizing the Earth and other planets. However, as earth scientists pursue methods to visually explore and interpret earth surface processes using sub-meter pixel resolution digital elevation models (DEM) and imagery data spanning large areas, limitations of the commonly used virtual globes have emerged. We developed Crusta as an alternative virtual globe that allows users to investigate such data by conducting interactive, real-time, virtual field mapping. Crusta represents the globe as a 30-sided polyhedron to avoid distortion, in particular, the singularities at the poles characteristic of other projections. Each side can be subdivided to an arbitrarily fine grid to accommodate DEM and image data of arbitrary resolution. A convenient pre-processing tool based on the GDAL library facilitates importing a number of data formats into the Crusta-specific multi-scale hierarchical format. We designed Crusta with a focus on dynamic, interactive exploration of data: vertical exaggeration, shading, color ramp application, and display, generation and editing of decorated vector lines are supported in real time, directly on the virtual 3D landscape. These powerful visualization and interaction capabilities enable fluid and intuitive exploration, assist discovery and interpretation, and provide detailed feature mapping. Currently, we are using Crusta to investigate LiDAR data collected after the 4 April 2010, Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake in northern Mexico. We have generated a single dataset comprised of multiple layers of finer DEMs embedded in coarser ones: 1) tripod LiDAR covering about 2 km of the rupture zone at 3 cm/pixel; 2) aerial LiDAR covering almost the entire rupture zone (over 300 km2) at 50 cm/pixel; 3) ASTER 30 m/pixel over the California/Mexico border region; 4) NASA's BlueMarble Next Generation over the whole globe at about 500 km/pixel. The interactive capabilities of Crusta to visually explore this dataset and create accurate, high-quality 3D geologic maps of the fresh, meter-scale coseismic surface ruptures has potential to advance understanding of how earthquakes deform the Earth's surface.

  1. Timing and controls on late Quaternary landscape development along the eastern Sierra El Mayor range front in northern Baja California, Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Armstrong, Phillip A.; Perez, Rene; Owen, Lewis A.; Finkel, Robert C.

    2010-01-01

    The Sierra El Mayor-Sierra Cucapá mountain range in northern Baja separates the Colorado River delta from the Laguna Salada Basin and is important in terms of understanding the structural transition from the northern Gulf Extensional Province to the San Andreas system. One of the principal Quaternary landscape features of the eastern Sierra El Mayor-Sierra Cucapá is a prominent surface that slopes ~ 1-2° eastward towards the Colorado River Delta. Along the eastern side of the Sierra El Mayor and facing the Colorado River delta, but not along other piedmont mountain fronts that face the delta, this surface is terminated by a series of stepped terrace surfaces. The terrace surfaces are cut into fluvial-deltaic deposits from the Colorado River delta system and are capped by ~ 1 m thick gravels. Optically stimulated luminescence ages from interbedded coarse sands in the capping gravels of the upper surface and two of the inset terraces range from ~ 17 to 31 ka (average 24 ± 3 ka) but lack a systematic age trend from upper to lower surface. The underlying fluvial-deltaic deposits have older optically stimulated luminescence ages of 31 to 39 ka and suggest Colorado River delta deposition during the relatively stable interstadial of the Middle Wisconsinan substage (Marine Isotope Stage 3) when sea level was ca - 60 to - 80 m. Samples from depth-profiles in the capping gravels and from the top of the upper surface have a mean 10Be terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide age of 59 ± 5 ka. When corrected for inheritance, an average age of ~ 21 ka is computed for exposure of the capping gravels on the upper surface and inset terraces, which is in the range of the optically stimulated luminescence burial ages. Both the upper surface and inset terraces formed 17-30 ka at a transition time from dry to relatively wet climate when increased aggradation caused alluvial fan development on the upper surface. Regionally, these surfaces correlate with the Q2c-Q3a age deposits of the southwestern North America alluvial fan and terrace deposits. Sea level was also falling rapidly at this time, which may have caused the Colorado River to become entrenched near the range front thus allowing rapid response and down-cutting to form the inset terraces on the east side of the Sierra El Mayor facing the delta. Assuming the 34 ka delta deposits graded to a base level that was - 60 to - 80 m during Marine Isotope Stage 3, the computed surface uplift rate for the eastern side of the Sierra El Mayor is ~ 2.1-2.7 mm/yr. This uplift may be accommodated on a fault or fault system that is a southward extension of the Mexicali spreading and seismic zone that is buried beneath the Colorado River delta east of the Sierra El Mayor. The uplift rates from this study are consistent with geologic and geodetic data for the Sierra El Mayor and Sierra Cucapá, and account for much of the missing extensional strain across the area.

  2. Preparación de los adultos mayores en los Estados Unidos para hacer frente a los desastres naturales: encuesta a escala nacional*

    PubMed Central

    Al-rousan, Tala M.; Rubenstein, Linda M.; Wallace, Robert B.

    2015-01-01

    Objetivos. Nos propusimos determinar el grado de preparación frente a los desastres naturales de los adultos mayores en los Estados Unidos y evaluar los factores que pueden afectar negativamente la salud y la seguridad durante este tipo de incidentes. Métodos. Obtuvimos una muestra de adultos de 50 años en adelante (n = 1 304) de la encuesta del 2010 del Estudio de la Salud y la Jubilación (HRS por su sigla en inglés). La encuesta recogió datos sobre las características demográficas generales, el estado de discapacidad o las limitaciones funcionales, y también sobre factores y comportamientos relacionados con la preparación frente a los desastres. Calculamos una puntuación global de preparación mediante indicadores individuales a fin de evaluar el grado de preparación general. Resultados. La media de la edad de los participantes (n = 1 304) fue de 70 años (desviación estándar [DE] = 9,3). Solo 34,3% informaron que habían participado en un programa formativo o que habían leído materiales sobre la preparación para los desastres. Casi 15% indicaron que usaban dispositivos médicos eléctricos que podían correr riesgo de no funcionar si se interrumpiera el suministro eléctrico. La puntuación de preparación indicó que la edad más avanzada, la discapacidad física y el menor nivel de escolaridad y de ingresos se asociaban independiente y significativamente a un grado de preparación general inferior. Conclusiones. A pesar de la mayor vulnerabilidad ante los desastres y del número cada vez mayor de adultos mayores en los Estados Unidos, muchos de los problemas sustanciales que encontramos son remediables y requieren atención en los sectores de la sociedad dedicados a la atención clínica, a la salud pública y al manejo de situaciones de emergencia.

  3. Recent benthic foraminifers as indicators of the sedimentary dynamics of the Tina Mayor and Tina Menor estuaries (S Bay of Biscay, N Spain)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez-Lazaro, J.; Pascual, A.; García, B. Martínez

    2013-01-01

    Recent benthic foraminifers from two estuaries in the North Spanish coastal region (Tina Mayor and Tina Menor) were analysed with the aim of characterising the ecology and dynamics of the different estuarine sub-environments. A total of 35 benthic foraminifer species were taxonomically determined in the Tina Mayor estuary, 22 of which contained living individuals during the sampling. For Tina Menor, there were 51 species, 30 of them biocenotic. The most abundant species in these estuaries were Ammonia tepida, Cribroelphidium williamsoni, Jadammina macrescens, Lobatula lobatula, Miliammina fusca, Rosalina globularis and Trochammina inflata. In Tina Menor, Haynesina germanica was also abundant. In the foraminifer assemblages, live (biocenotic) and dead (thanatocenotic) specimens were differentiated and processed statistically by a multivariate cluster-Q type analysis and detrended correspondence ordination analysis (DCA). Groupings of biocenotic assemblages were obtained for both estuaries indicating an ecologic separation of marine mouth, low and high marsh and zones with strong salinity oscillations in these estuaries. Thanatocenotic groupings, nevertheless, showed a different organisation of that of the ecologic groups, which were indicative of a transport of individuals from the mouth to the inner/mid estuary locations, along the main and/or secondary channels of these estuaries. Local differences between Tina Mayor and Tina Menor can be explained by the different physiographies of the estuary as a consequence of the different geological/sedimentological histories of both estuaries. Benthic foraminifer assemblages are distributed in the estuary following three zones: an outer estuary having marine characteristics with L. lobatula and R. globularis, a mid estuary, including a subtidal mudflat with variable salinity (A. tepida, C. williamsoni) and a marsh (J. macrescens, M. fusca and T. inflata), which is different in both estuaries. Tina Mayor is filled with more sediment, and it has a reduced mudflat and a large high marsh located above the MHW (Mean High Waters), where T. inflata is the species marker of the intervals between the MHW and MHWST (Mean High Waters Spring Tides) levels. In Tina Menor, estuary mudflats crossed with brackish secondary channels (with H. germanica) below MHWNT (Mean High Waters Neap Tides) are more developed, though the environments of low marsh with scarce vegetation (with M. fusca) are dominant in intervals between MHWNT and MHW. The relative abundance of M. fusca, particularly in the mid estuary, differentiates Tina Mayor and Tina Menor from other estuaries of Cantabria. Biocenotic and thanatocenotic assemblages show a general similarity in both estuaries (Sanders's index, > 70%). Samples with low similarity are evidence of the effect of post-mortem transport mostly produced by suspension. The percentage of exotic specimens is always less than 35%, supporting the mesotidal characteristic of both estuaries. The present results confirm the value of benthic foraminifers as markers of estuarine sub-environments, supporting their value for detecting changes in past estuarine environments.

  4. UAVSAR observations of triggered slip on the Imperial, Superstition Hills, and East Elmore Ranch Faults associated with the 2010 M 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donnellan, Andrea; Parker, Jay; Hensley, Scott; Pierce, Marlon; Wang, Jun; Rundle, John

    2014-03-01

    4 April 2010 M 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake that occurred in Baja California, Mexico and terminated near the U.S. Mexican border caused slip on the Imperial, Superstition Hills, and East Elmore Ranch Faults. The pattern of slip was observed using radar interferometry from NASA's Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) instrument collected on 20-21 October 2009 and 12-13 April 2010. Right-lateral slip of 36 ± 9 and 14 ± 2 mm occurred on the Imperial and Superstition Hills Faults, respectively. Left-lateral slip of 9 ± 2 mm occurred on the East Elmore Ranch Fault. The widths of the zones of displacement increase northward suggesting successively more buried fault motion to the north. The observations show a decreasing pattern of slip northward on a series of faults in the Salton Trough stepping between the El Mayor-Cucapah rupture and San Andreas Fault. Most of the motion occurred at the time of the M 7.2 earthquake and the UAVSAR observations are consistent with field, creepmeter, GPS, and Envisat observations. An additional 28 ± 1 mm of slip at the southern end of the Imperial Fault over a <1 km wide zone was observed over a 1 day span a week after the earthquake suggesting that the fault continued to slip at depth following the mainshock. The total moment release on the three faults is 2.3 × 1023-1.2 × 1024 dyne cm equivalent to a moment magnitude release of 4.9-5.3, assuming shallow slip depths ranging from 1 to 5 km.

  5. Strategies, Programs and Projects 2008 of the Astrophysical Group "SPACE-Universidad Nacional Mayor De San Marcos, Peru" - Preparing for the IYA2009

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vera, Victor; Aguilar, M.; Huisacayna, J.

    2008-05-01

    We present a review of our efforts to introduce astronomy as scientific career in Peru, showing how our astronomy outreach programs have been one of the most important keys to reach our national astronomical scientific goals, remarking the crucial role that the celebration of the IYA2009 must play, in order to promote PhD programmes in astronomy in developing countries. We show the importance of the creation of the Seminario Permanente de Astronomía y Ciencias Espaciales (SPACE) in the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, as an academic scientific and cultural center in Peru, to support our 26 years-old "Astronomical Fridays” which are addressed to wide range of public, from schoolchildren to scientists. We also show how important was to rediscover our ancient astronomical cultural past of Incas in order to promote the construction of a Astronomical Center located near Cusco city over 4000 meters above sea level, which includes a tourist-educational observatory, a scientific optical observatory and a solar radio observatory.

  6. Damage from the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, April 2010: Why society cannot afford to ignore seismic risks to agricultural regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stenner, H. D.; Mathieson, E. L.; Okubo, S.; Anderson, R.; Rodriguez C., M. A.

    2010-12-01

    The M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake of April 4, 2010 in Mexico’s Baja California caused extensive damage to the agricultural area of Mexicali Valley. The damage included wide-spread liquefaction and lateral spreading which destroyed or damaged irrigation canals. Without water, wheat, alfalfa, and other crops were lost. Fields were cut by fissures and partially buried by massive sand blows. Regional tilting from the earthquake was a serious issue for the gravity-controlled irrigation system. Ruptured canals and groundwater from sand blows flooded fields, roads, and towns. Flooding further damaged crops and brought contamination with it. Fissures and scarps through farm communities cracked buildings; ruptured water, sewer, and other pipelines; and made roads temporarily difficult to pass. Economically, farmers, seasonal farm workers, and agricultural suppliers were affected; reducing their ability to consume the goods and services of businesses unrelated to agriculture. Similar damage was observed in earlier earthquakes over the past 100 years. Society quickly forgets how the earth responds to strong shaking. We hope to provide a vivid portrait of this agricultural disaster so that other farming communities prone to strong seismic shaking may visualize what can happen from their own inevitable future earthquake. Fissure and sand blows southeast of Cucapah, Baja California, April 16, 2010. Heavily damaged irrigation canal northwest of Zacamoto, Baja California, April 15, 2010.

  7. The Virtual Quake earthquake simulator: a simulation-based forecast of the El Mayor-Cucapah region and evidence of predictability in simulated earthquake sequences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoder, Mark R.; Schultz, Kasey W.; Heien, Eric M.; Rundle, John B.; Turcotte, Donald L.; Parker, Jay W.; Donnellan, Andrea

    2015-12-01

    In this manuscript, we introduce a framework for developing earthquake forecasts using Virtual Quake (VQ), the generalized successor to the perhaps better known Virtual California (VC) earthquake simulator. We discuss the basic merits and mechanics of the simulator, and we present several statistics of interest for earthquake forecasting. We also show that, though the system as a whole (in aggregate) behaves quite randomly, (simulated) earthquake sequences limited to specific fault sections exhibit measurable predictability in the form of increasing seismicity precursory to large m > 7 earthquakes. In order to quantify this, we develop an alert-based forecasting metric, and show that it exhibits significant information gain compared to random forecasts. We also discuss the long-standing question of activation versus quiescent type earthquake triggering. We show that VQ exhibits both behaviours separately for independent fault sections; some fault sections exhibit activation type triggering, while others are better characterized by quiescent type triggering. We discuss these aspects of VQ specifically with respect to faults in the Salton Basin and near the El Mayor-Cucapah region in southern California, USA and northern Baja California Norte, Mexico.

  8. Seismicity rate changes in the Salton Sea Geothermal Field and the San Jacinto Fault Zone after the 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meng, Xiaofeng; Peng, Zhigang

    2014-06-01

    Whether static or dynamic stress changes play the most important role in triggering earthquakes in the near field is still in debate. Here, we examine the seismicity rate changes in southern California following the 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. We focus on the Salton Sea Geothermal Field (SSGF) and the San Jacinto Fault Zone (SJFZ) because of high-sensitivity continuous borehole recordings and ample background seismicity. A significant increase in seismic activity is found in both study regions immediately following the main shock. However, near the SSGF where the static Coulomb stress decreased, the seismicity rate dropped below the pre-main-shock rate after ˜1 month. In comparison, along the SJFZ with an increase in the static Coulomb stress, the seismicity rate remained higher than the background rate with several moderate-size earthquakes occurring in the subsequent months. While we cannot completely rule out other mechanisms, these observations are best consistent with a widespread increase in seismicity from dynamic stress changes immediately after the main shock, and longer term seismicity rate changes from static stress changes. Our observation, together with other recent studies, suggests that both static and dynamic stress changes are important in triggering near-field earthquakes, but their affected regions and timescales are different.

  9. El Mayor-Cucapah (Mw 7.2) earthquake: Early near-field postseismic deformation from InSAR and GPS observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzalez-Ortega, Alejandro; Fialko, Yuri; Sandwell, David; Alejandro Nava-Pichardo, F.; Fletcher, John; Gonzalez-Garcia, Javier; Lipovsky, Brad; Floyd, Michael; Funning, Gareth

    2014-02-01

    El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake occurred on 4 April 2010 in northeastern Baja California just south of the U.S.-Mexico border. The earthquake ruptured several previously mapped faults, as well as some unidentified ones, including the Pescadores, Borrego, Paso Inferior and Paso Superior faults in the Sierra Cucapah, and the Indiviso fault in the Mexicali Valley and Colorado River Delta. We conducted several Global Positioning System (GPS) campaign surveys of preexisting and newly established benchmarks within 30 km of the earthquake rupture. Most of the benchmarks were occupied within days after the earthquake, allowing us to capture the very early postseismic transient motions. The GPS data show postseismic displacements in the same direction as the coseismic displacements; time series indicate a gradual decay in postseismic velocities with characteristic time scales of 66 ± 9 days and 20 ± 3 days, assuming exponential and logarithmic decay, respectively. We also analyzed interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the Envisat and ALOS satellites. The main deformation features seen in the line-of-sight displacement maps indicate subsidence concentrated in the southern and northern parts of the main rupture, in particular at the Indiviso fault, at the Laguna Salada basin, and at the Paso Superior fault. We show that the near-field GPS and InSAR observations over a time period of 5 months after the earthquake can be explained by a combination of afterslip, fault zone contraction, and a possible minor contribution of poroelastic rebound. Far-field data require an additional mechanism, most likely viscoelastic relaxation in the ductile substrate.

  10. Assessing the ability of Pleiades stereo imagery to determine height changes in earthquakes: A case study for the El Mayor-Cucapah epicentral area

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Yu; Parsons, Barry; Elliott, John R.; Barisin, Ivana; Walker, Richard T.

    2015-12-01

    High-resolution surface topography is valuable for studying coseismic fault zone deformation and fault geometry. It enables us to measure three-dimensional surface displacements in earthquakes, as shown in recent studies that used light detection and ranging (lidar) to determine coseismic motion. However, the applicability of lidar is limited by its relatively high cost and low availability. In this study, we use the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake to demonstrate the capability of Pleiades stereo imagery to measure coseismic vertical ground displacement. We acquired post-earthquake Pleiades tristereo imagery from backward, near-nadir, and forward orientations for a 45 km × 7 km portion of the epicentral area. One meter resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) were produced with the four different combinations of incidence angles and compared to the post-earthquake lidar DEM. Elevations from tristereo have slightly (˜15%) smaller uncertainties than bistereo as the tristereo DEM incorporates more observations. Elevation differences between the Pleiades and post-earthquake lidar DEMs show that the vertical accuracy of the Pleiades DEMs is ˜0.3 m. By differencing the Pleiades DEM and the pre-earthquake, 5 m resolution lidar DEM, we mapped meter and submeter offsets along the faults obtaining results comparable to a previous study that differenced the two lidar DEMs. This is the first case study of assessing very high resolution (VHR) satellite stereo imagery to determine submeter vertical ground displacement in an earthquake. By extension, we expect it to be possible to measure submeter vertical offsets occurring in earthquakes using pre-earthquake and post-earthquake VHR stereo imagery.

  11. 3-D Deformation Field Of The 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah (Mexico) Earthquake From Matching Before To After Aerial Lidar Point Clouds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hinojosa-Corona, A.; Nissen, E.; Arrowsmith, R.; Krishnan, A. K.; Saripalli, S.; Oskin, M. E.; Arregui, S. M.; Limon, J. F.

    2012-12-01

    The Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake (EMCE) of 4 April 2010 generated a ~110 km long, NW-SE trending rupture, with normal and right-lateral slip in the order of 2-3m in the Sierra Cucapah, the northern half, where the surface rupture has the most outstanding expression. Vertical and horizontal surface displacements produced by the EMCE have been addressed separately by other authors with a variety of aerial and satellite remote sensing techniques. Slip variation along fault and post-seismic scarp erosion and diffusion have been estimated in other studies using terrestrial LiDAR (TLS) on segments of the rupture. To complement these other studies, we computed the 3D deformation field by comparing pre- to post-event point clouds from aerial LiDAR surveys. The pre-event LiDAR with lower point density (0.013-0.033 pts m-2) required filtering and post-processing before comparing with the denser (9-18 pts m-2) more accurate post event dataset. The 3-dimensional surface displacement field was determined using an adaptation of the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm, implemented in the open source Point Cloud Library (PCL). The LiDAR datasets are first split into a grid of windows, and for each one, ICP iteratively converges on the rigid body transformation (comprising a translation and a rotation) that best aligns the pre- to post-event points. Testing on synthetic datasets perturbed with displacements of known magnitude showed that windows with dimensions of 100-200m gave the best results for datasets with these densities. Here we present the deformation field with detailed displacements in segments of the surface rupture where its expression was recognized by ICP from the point cloud matching, mainly the scarcely vegetated Sierra Cucapah with the Borrego and Paso Superior fault segments the most outstanding, where we are able to compare our results with values measured in the field and results from TLS reported in other works. EMC simulated displacement field for a 2m right lateral normal (east block down) slip on the pre-event point cloud along the Borrego fault on Sierra Cucapah. Shaded DEM from post-event point cloud as backdrop.

  12. Assessing the Ability of Pleiades Stereo Imagery to Determine Height Changes in Earthquakes: A Case Study for the El Mayor-Cucapah Epicentral Area

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parsons, B.; Zhou, Y.; Elliott, J. R.; Barisin, I.; Walker, R. T.

    2014-12-01

    Very high-resolution (VHR) imagery can in principle measure surface topography with decimetric precision. The question is how well 3D mapping based on VHR stereo imagery is capable of capturing sub-metric height changes occurring in an earthquake, particularly those in remote areas? The aim of this study is to assess the capability of the Pleiades satellites to determine such height changes. We acquired Pleiades stereo imagery with backward (B), near-nadir (N) and forward (F) orientations over a 40 km × 5 km area in Baja California, Mexico, part of the epicentral area of the 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. Coverage was chosen to coincide with the post-seismic LiDAR digital elevation model (DEM) for the area. DEMs have been produced with four different combinations of incidence angles (B-N, N-F, B-F and B-N-F). The raw point cloud has the lowest average density of ~0.7 points/m2 for B-F, ~1.0 points/m2 for B-N and N-F, and the greatest average density of ~3 points/m2 for tri-stereo (B-N-F). Compared to the post-earthquake LiDAR DEM, the Pleiades DEMs have a mean error of 1 m to 4 m, with a standard deviation of 0.5 m to 0.7 m. A series of topographic profiles from the Pleiades DEMs across the earthquake rupture were used to measure vertical offsets. These profiles show that the Pleiades DEM is capable of capturing vertical offsets of ~0.5 m. The measurements of vertical offsets from tri-stereo have smaller uncertainties than bi-stereo; this suggests that the tri-stereo DEM incorporating redundant observations is more robust and reliable. By differencing the 1-m tri-stereo Pleiades DEM and the pre-earthquake, lower-resolution (5-m) LiDAR DEM, we mapped metre and sub-metre offsets along the faults obtaining results comparable to a previous study that differenced the two LiDAR DEMs (Fig. 1). By extension, we expect it to be possible in similar settings to measure sub-metre vertical offsets occurring in earthquakes using pre- and post-event Pleiades stereo imagery.

  13. Simulation of Long-Period Ground Motion in the Imperial Valley Area during the Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roten, D.; Olsen, K. B.

    2010-12-01

    The Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah mainshock of April 4 2010 caused significant long-period ground-motion in the Imperial Valley and Mexicali area, and was recorded by ~25 strong motion stations located on the Imperial Valley sediments. It provides an excellent opportunity to study wave propagation effects in deep sedimentary basins, to test the accuracy of the basin models, and to test our capabilities to predict long-period ground motion from numerical simulations. We have generated a series of dynamic rupture models constrained by fault geometry, hypocenter location and reported surface displacement, along a ~105km long stretch of the Borrego, Pescadores and Indiviso faults. Our rupture models feature surface slip of up to 2.0 m NW of the hypocenter, with buried slip under the Colorado River Delta SE of the hypocenter, emulated velocity strengthening in the near-surface, and generally subshear rupture speeds. Three of our rupture models show the following characteristics: (A) contains very limited slip (< 0.2 m) along the north-central part of the fault system where no surface rupture was observed; (B) has a more continuous slip distribution, but less slip toward the SE; and (C) is similar to model B, but with more slip in the hypocentral area. We simulate the wave propagation resulting from these three rupture models in the SCEC CVM4 on a 200x175x50 km3 grid that includes approximations of the Borrego, Pescadores and Indiviso faults, the Imperial Valley and the southern part of the Salton Sea. We use a spatial step of 100 m, which considering the minimum near-surface shear-wave velocity of 819 ms-1 (in the Imperial Valley sediments) allows us to model frequencies up to 1.5 Hz. Simulated spectral accelerations (SAs) at periods of 2s, 3s and 5s are generally consistent with the recorded strong motion data for all three rupture models. Observed SAs at 7s, however, are better reproduced by rupture models B and C than rupture model A. Velocity time histories recorded in the Imperial Valley are dominated by energetic surface waves with periods between 6 and 8 seconds, with 7s-SAs exceeding 0.10g at three sites. Synthetic time series exhibit amplification in the same period range, but often fail to reproduce the amplitude and duration of the observations. This suggests that shear-wave velocities in the velocity model and/or the applied Quality factors (Qs=50Vs, with Vs in kms-1) may need to be adjusted to reproduce the observations more accurately. Snapshots show that surface waves are generated predominantly at the basin edges near the NW end of the rupture in the simulations. These surface waves are then propagating NE across the Imperial basin, and serve as a possible explanation for the dominant long-period surface waves observed in the strong motion data. Furthermore, the coupling of source directivity and basin edge effects suggests that the simulated ground motion in the Imperial Valley is highly sensitive to near-surface peak slip rates near the NW end of the rupture.

  14. A National Action Plan on School Violence and Kids from 2:00 to 8:00 PM. Proposals Adopted at the National Summit by Mayors, Police Chiefs, Educators, Students, Arts, Parks and Recreation Officials, Health Experts, and Representatives from the News Media and Entertainment Industry (Salt Lake City, Utah, September 24, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United States Conference of Mayors, Washington, DC.

    In an emergency response to the recent spree of school shootings, a group of experts came together to draft a national action plan on school violence and children. Participants included: almost 60 members of the U.S. Conference of Mayors Leadership; several mayors from communities which had recently experienced school shootings; police chiefs;…

  15. Analysis of Triggering of Earthquakes and Tremor in the Western U.S. due to the 2010 El Mayor Cucapah Earthquake and the Mw6.8 Mendocino Triple Junction Earthquake in 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hatch, R. L.; Polet, J.

    2014-12-01

    Recent studies indicate that the passage of seismic waves from large earthquakes are able to trigger small earthquakes and tremor at regional distances. These small events may be detected by applying a high-pass filter to seismograms to remove the much larger ground motion amplitudes from the large distant earthquake. Our interests are in examining the local triggering of earthquakes and tremor throughout the West Coast of North America from the magnitude 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah 2010 earthquake and the magnitude 6.8 Northern California, March 10, 2014 earthquake, just north of the Mendocino Triple Junction. We will present the results of the analysis of waveform data from hundreds of seismometers throughout Southern California, Northern California, Oregon, Washington, as well as some stations bordering these states. Our preliminary results suggest that triggering of local earthquakes and tremor occurred for both earthquakes. In the case of the records of the Southern California stations for the El Mayor Cucapah 2010 earthquake, 27 stations showed triggering near the seismic station. 13 of these stations are located in or near known geothermal areas, while others were located along active faults and one offshore. While conducting this study, we detected an instrumental noise signal present in 63 of the Southern California seismograms for the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. Initially, the signal looked like a typical triggered event, yet with further investigation we found its likely cause to be instrumental noise. We plan to relate our observations of triggered seismicity and tremor to the tectonic environment to test the hypothesis that triggering and tremor most commonly occurs in volcanic and geothermal areas.

  16. The Mayors' Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magee, Michael

    2014-01-01

    In 2007, the case could be made that Rhode Island had, dollar for dollar, the worst-performing public education system in the United States. Despite per-pupil expenditures ranking in the top 10 nationally, the state's 8th graders fared no better than 40th in reading and 33rd in math on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).…

  17. Mayoral Intervention: Right For Seattle Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Ashley E.; Hill, Paul T.

    2008-01-01

    Big-city school systems face many problems, including high dropout rates, low academic achievement, and achievement gaps between middle-class and low-income children. Many big-city systems are also losing enrollment and facing financial deficits. These problems inevitably lead to criticism of the boards that govern urban school districts, and…

  18. The Mayors' Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magee, Michael

    2014-01-01

    In 2007, the case could be made that Rhode Island had, dollar for dollar, the worst-performing public education system in the United States. Despite per-pupil expenditures ranking in the top 10 nationally, the state's 8th graders fared no better than 40th in reading and 33rd in math on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).…

  19. Assessing long-term postseismic deformation following the M7.2 4 April 2010, El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake with implications for lithospheric rheology in the Salton Trough

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spinler, Joshua C.; Bennett, Richard A.; Walls, Chris; Lawrence, Shawn; González García, J. Javier

    2015-05-01

    The 4 April 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah (EMC) earthquake provides the best opportunity to date to study the lithospheric response to a large (>M6) magnitude earthquake in the Salton Trough region through analysis of Global Positioning System (GPS) data. In conjunction with the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO), we installed six new continuous GPS stations in the months following the EMC earthquake to increase station coverage in the epicentral region of northern Baja California, Mexico. We modeled the pre-EMC deformation field using available campaign and continuous GPS data for southern California and northern Baja California and inferred a pre-EMC secular rate at each new station location. Through direct comparison of the pre- and post-EMC secular rates, we calculate long-term changes associated with viscoelastic relaxation in the Salton Trough region. We fit these velocity changes using numerical models employing an elastic upper crustal layer underlain by a viscoelastic lower crustal layer and a mantle half-space. Forward models that produce the smallest weighted sum of squared residuals have an upper mantle viscosity in the range 4-6 × 1018 Pa s and a less well-resolved lower crustal viscosity in the range 2 × 1019 to 1 × 1022 Pa s. A high-viscosity lower crust, despite high heat flow in the Salton Trough region, is inconsistent with felsic composition and might suggest accretion of mafic lower crust associated with crustal spreading obscured by thick sedimentary cover.

  20. Factores socio-económicos asociados a la percepción de situación socioeconómica entre adultos mayores de dos países latinoamericanos

    PubMed Central

    Brenes-Camacho, Gilbert

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo principal del artículo es estudiar la asociación entre la percepción subjetiva sobre la situación económica propia y una serie de medidas objetivas de bienestar socioeconómico –fuentes de ingresos, tenencia de vivienda, nivel educativo y transferencias familiares informales de dinero- entre adultos mayores de dos países Latinoamericanos: México y Costa Rica. Los datos se obtienen de las primeras rondas de dos encuestas sobre envejecimiento: CRELES para Costa Rica y ENASEM para México. La variable dependiente más importante se obtiene de las respuestas a las pregunta “¿Cómo califica su situación económica actual?” en Costa Rica y “¿Diría usted que su situación económica es…?” en México. Para ambas encuestas, las respuestas se codificaron en forma binaria; el código 0 representa las categorías Excelente, Muy buena y Buena, y el código 1 representa a las categorías Regular y Mala. Se encontró que el ingreso por jubilación es un importante determinante de la percepción de bienestar en ambos países. En Costa Rica, el ingreso del cónyuge y la tenencia de vivienda son importantes predictores de la percepción de bienestar, mientras que en México, los ingresos por transferencias están fuertemente asociados con dicha percepción. PMID:25360057

  1. Testing long-period ground-motion simulations of scenario earthquakes using the Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah mainshock: Evaluation of finite-fault rupture characterization and 3D seismic velocity models

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Graves, Robert W.; Aagaard, Brad T.

    2011-01-01

    Using a suite of five hypothetical finite-fault rupture models, we test the ability of long-period (T>2.0 s) ground-motion simulations of scenario earthquakes to produce waveforms throughout southern California consistent with those recorded during the 4 April 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. The hypothetical ruptures are generated using the methodology proposed by Graves and Pitarka (2010) and require, as inputs, only a general description of the fault location and geometry, event magnitude, and hypocenter, as would be done for a scenario event. For each rupture model, two Southern California Earthquake Center three-dimensional community seismic velocity models (CVM-4m and CVM-H62) are used, resulting in a total of 10 ground-motion simulations, which we compare with recorded ground motions. While the details of the motions vary across the simulations, the median levels match the observed peak ground velocities reasonably well, with the standard deviation of the residuals generally within 50% of the median. Simulations with the CVM-4m model yield somewhat lower variance than those with the CVM-H62 model. Both models tend to overpredict motions in the San Diego region and underpredict motions in the Mojave desert. Within the greater Los Angeles basin, the CVM-4m model generally matches the level of observed motions, whereas the CVM-H62 model tends to overpredict the motions, particularly in the southern portion of the basin. The variance in the peak velocity residuals is lowest for a rupture that has significant shallow slip (<5 km depth), whereas the variance in the residuals is greatest for ruptures with large asperities below 10 km depth. Overall, these results are encouraging and provide confidence in the predictive capabilities of the simulation methodology, while also suggesting some regions in which the seismic velocity models may need improvement.

  2. WWC Review of the Report "Meeting the Challenge of Combating Chronic Absenteeism: Impact of the NYC Mayor's Interagency Task Force on Chronic Absenteeism and School Attendance and Its Implications for Other Cities." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The 2013 study, "Meeting the Challenge of Combating Chronic Absenteeism: Impact of the NYC Mayor's Interagency Task Force on Chronic Absenteeism and School Attendance and Its Implications for Other Cities", examined the impact of the strategies developed by an interagency task force in New York City to combat chronic absenteeism in…

  3. B4 2 After, 3D Deformation Field From Matching Pre- To Post-Event Aerial LiDAR Point Clouds, The 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah M7.2 Earthquake Case

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hinojosa-Corona, A.; Nissen, E.; Limon-Tirado, J. F.; Arrowsmith, R.; Krishnan, A.; Saripalli, S.; Oskin, M. E.; Glennie, C. L.; Arregui, S. M.; Fletcher, J. M.; Teran, O. J.

    2013-05-01

    Aerial LiDAR surveys reconstruct with amazing fidelity the sinuosity of terrain relief. In this research we explore the 3D deformation field at the surface after a big earthquake (M7.2) by comparing pre- to post-event aerial LiDAR point clouds. The April 4 2010 earthquake produced a NW-SE surface rupture ~110km long with right-lateral normal slip up to 3m in magnitude over a very favorable target: scarcely vegetated and unaltered desert mountain range, sierras El Mayor and Cucapah, in northern Baja California, close to the US-México border. It is a plate boundary region between the Pacific and North American plates. The pre-event LiDAR with lower point density (0.013-0.033 pts m-2) required filtering and post-processing before comparing with the denser (9-18 pts m-2) more accurate post event dataset. The 3D surface displacement field was determined using an adaptation of the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm, implemented in the open source Point Cloud Library (PCL). The LiDAR datasets are first split into a grid of windows, and for each one, ICP iteratively converges on the rigid body transformation (comprising translations and rotations) that best aligns the pre- to post-event points. Perturbing the pre- and post-event point clouds independently with a synthetic right lateral inverse displacements of known magnitude along a proposed fault, ICP recovered the synthetically introduced translations. Windows with dimensions of 100-200m gave the best results for datasets with these densities. The simplified surface rupture photo interpreted and mapped in the field, delineates very well the vertical displacements patterns unveiled by ICP. The method revealed block rotations, some with clockwise and others counter clockwise direction along the simplified surface rupture. As ground truth, displacements from ICP have similar values as those measured in the field along the main rupture by Fletcher and collaborators. The vertical component was better estimated than the horizontal having the latter problems in flat areas as expected. Hybrid approaches, as simple differencing, could be taken in these areas. Outliers were removed from results. ICP detected extraction from quarries developed between the two dates of LiDAR collection and expressed as a negative vertical displacement close to the sites. To improve the accuracy of the 3D displacement field, we intend to reprocess the pre-event source survey data to reduce the systematic error introduced by the sensor. Multidisciplinary approach will be needed to make tectonic inferences from the 3D displacement field revealed by ICP, about the processes at depth expressed at surface.

  4. Present-day loading rate of faults in southern California and northern Baja California, Mexico, and post-seismic deformation following the M7.2 April 4, 2010, El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake from GPS Geodesy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spinler, J. C.; Bennett, R. A.

    2012-12-01

    We use 142 GPS velocity estimates from the SCEC Crustal Motion Map 4 and 59 GPS velocity estimates from additional sites to model the crustal velocity field of southern California, USA, and northern Baja California, Mexico, prior to the 2010 April 4 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah (EMC) earthquake. The EMC earthquake is the largest event to occur along the southern San Andreas fault system in nearly two decades. In the year following the EMC earthquake, the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) constructed eight new continuous GPS sites in northern Baja California, Mexico. We used our velocity model, which represents the period before the EMC earthquake, to assess postseismic velocity changes at the new PBO sites. Time series from the new PBO sites, which were constructed 4-18 months following the earthquake do not exhibit obvious exponential or logarithmic decay, showing instead fairly secular trends through the period of our analysis (2010.8-2012.5). The weighted RMS misfit to secular rates, accounting for periodic site motions is typically around 1.7 mm/yr, indicating high positioning precision and fairly linear site motion. Results of our research include new fault slip rate estimates for the greater San Andreas fault system, including model faults representing the Cerro Prieto (39.0±0.1 mm/yr), Imperial (35.7±0.1 mm/yr), and southernmost San Andreas (24.7±0.1 mm/yr), generally consistent with previous geodetic studies within the region. Velocity changes at the new PBO sites associated with the EMC earthquake are in the range 1.7±0.3 to 9.2±2.6 mm/yr. The maximum rate difference is found in Mexicali Valley, close to the rupture. Rate changes decay systematically with distance from the EMC epicenter and velocity orientations exhibit a butterfly pattern as expected from a strike slip earthquake. Sites to the south and southwest of the Baja California shear zone are moving more rapidly to the northwest relative to their motions prior to the earthquake. Sites to the west of the Laguna Salada fault zone are moving more westerly. Sites to the east of the EMC rupture move more southerly than prior to the EMC earthquake. Continued monitoring of these velocity changes will allow us to differentiate between lower crustal and upper mantle relaxation processes.

  5. The EL Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake of April 4, 2010 (mw 7.2): Main Shock and Aftershocks Relocation and Relevant Aspects of the Strong Motion Data Recorded in the Epicenter Region. (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Munguia, L.

    2010-12-01

    The El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake (Mw = 7.2) was the largest earthquake to occur in northeastern Baja California since February 1892, when an earthquake of slightly lower magnitude occurred at the northwestern end of the Laguna Salada fault. This event, with epicenter located ~ 40 km south of the city of Mexicali, occurred on April 4, 2010 at 15:40 local time or 22:40 UTC. Thirteen strong motion stations of a network operated by CICESE in Baja California were triggered by the main shock. Those stations are located at distances of 12 to 140 km from the epicenter. Six of them are located on sediments of the Mexicali Valley, at less than 40 km from the epicenter; the other seven stations recorded at larger distances, on granitic rocks of the peninsular ranges of Baja California. In this study, we analyze the digital accelerograms produced by the main shock and by most of the larger aftershocks. At first, the P-wave arrival times measured on the accelerograms were combined with time readings from the closer-to-the-source weak-motion stations to relocate the hypocenters. With this, we attempted to improve the hypocenter locations obtained on the basis of more regional data sets. Due to lack of station coverage to the south of the main-shock’s epicenter, this task was particularly important for those aftershocks occurring along the SE extension of the ruptured area. Our located hypocenters had smaller location errors and provide a better insight about the extent of the main-shock rupture to southeast. Concerning the strong motion data, we noted that on sediments the recorded peak ground accelerations (PGA) varied from 0.148 to 0.815 g, while on the rock sites the PGA were in the range 0.013 to 0.074 g. The largest peak acceleration recorded was observed on the vertical component of the MDO station, sited on sediments. For ground velocity and displacement, the peak values from sedimentary sites are between 14 and 61 cm/sec and 9 and 52 cm, respectively. In such instances the larger values were always observed on the horizontal components of ground motion. From these comparisons, an immediate conclusion is that peak strong motion parameters from sediment sites were, on average, up to ten times higher than those from rock sites. Finally, and in addition to a general description of the recorded ground motions, other aspects of the earthquake, like PGA attenuation with distance, spectral composition of the ground motions, nonlinearity features and preliminary estimations of the radiated seismic energy and stress drop will also be briefly addressed in our technical presentation.

  6. Different styles of postseismic deformation after the 2013 M7.7 Balochistan earthquake in Pakistan and the 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake in Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fielding, E. J.; Yague-Martinez, N.; Motagh, M.; Gonzalez-Ortega, J. A.; Huang, M. H.; Burgmann, R.; Freed, A. M.; Samsonov, S. V.

    2014-12-01

    We study postseismic deformation after the Mw 7.7 earthquake in the Balochistan region of western Pakistan on 24 September 2013 and the Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah (EMC) earthquake in Baja California of northern Mexico on 4 April 2010. Pakistan InSAR measurements from the German TerraSAR-X (TSX) and Canadian RADARSAT-2 (RS2) satellites include TSX narrow stripmap beams on a descending track, RS2 wide strip modes, and TSX wide-swath ScanSAR images on an ascending track, specially acquired with interferometric alignment of ScanSAR bursts. For the EMC earthquake, InSAR includes Envisat, ALOS, and RS2 satellites and NASA/JPL UAVSAR airborne InSAR, with piece-wise time coverage. Plate Boundary Observatory acquires continuous GPS data and others collect campaign GPS. Interferograms show significant afterslip on both main ruptures in the first weeks and months, not masked by the atmospheric effects. Balochistan shallow afterslip reaches at least 10 cm in 2-4 months in the same area as the largest coseismic slip, but less near the aftershock activity. Rapid afterslip was observed primarily at the ends of the EMC mainshock rupture where the strike changes, with magnitudes up to 30 cm. Large variations of tropospheric water vapor complicate measurement of small long-wavelength deformation so we do time series analysis. We expect viscoelastic relaxation after these two strike-slip earthquakes to differ due to completely opposite tectonic settings: EMC earthquake in the Salton Trough rift and fast-moving strike-slip system, where crust and lithosphere are thin and hot with very shallow asthenosphere, and Balochistan earthquake in the shortening Makran accretional prism with much slower strike-slip deformation rates and cold and thick lithosphere of the subducting Arabian plate directly beneath it, so asthenosphere is much deeper. Studies have found rapid and large viscoelastic relaxation for the EMC quake, but we don't expect measurable relaxation in the Balochistan area in the first year, based on preliminary modeling. These very different lithospheric configurations have strong implications for transfer of stress and future earthquake risk.

  7. Aftershock Relocation and Shear Wave Splitting in the Yuha Desert Following the 4 April 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake Kayla A. Kroll (UCR), Elizabeth S. Cochran (USGS), Keith Richards-Dinger (UCR)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kroll, K.; Cochran, E. S.; Richards-Dinger, K. B.

    2011-12-01

    Following the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, 8 temporary seismometers were installed in the Yuha Desert region north of the Mexican border. During the deployment period, between 6 April and 14 June 2010, over 4,000 aftershocks, within a 20km by 14km study area in the Yuha Desert, are reported in the SCEDC catalog. We relocate the aftershocks and also determine shallow crustal anisotropy to illuminate the complex fault structure in this region. We compute the double difference hypocenter relocations using hypoDD with both manually picked P and S phase arrivals and waveform cross-correlations. We test three velocity models based on the Imperial Valley profile from the SCEC Community Velocity Model, Version 4 (CVM-S4), including the original profile and the profile with a 10% and 20% velocity reduction in Vp/Vs. We use a jackknife test in which the relocations are recomputed with one of the 13 stations removed in each test to estimate horizontal and vertical relative errors. By comparison with the LSQR errors of hypoDD, we find that scaling the LSQR errors by the jackknife/ LSQR error ratio provides a better error estimate. We find that the Imperial Valley profile with a 10% velocity reduction results in the lowest location errors. The absolute and relative relocation errors were reduced by at least an order of magnitude when compared to the original SCEDC catalog locations. We then use statistical uncertainties in the data to identify simple structures in the cloud of earthquake relocations. This modified collapsing method employs principal component analysis to identify three types of structures that a set of closely located events is most likely associated with: point, line or plane. With this method, collapsed locations provide insight to the poorly understood geologic structures in the Yuha Desert. Additionally, we measure the shallow crustal anisotropy using shear wave splitting techniques. Preliminary visual inspection of the data suggests clear split shear waves with relatively large delays. For more quantitative analysis of the data we use an automated shear wave splitting code to estimate the fast orientation and delay times for the roughly 2,900 relocated aftershocks. We will then examine the results for spatial and/or temporal variations in splitting parameters. Quantifying crack orientation and delay time parameters will allow us to infer whether the anisotropy is due to the local stress field and/or due to structure-induced anisotropy.

  8. Observations and Modeling of the Mw 7.2 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake with Real-Time High-Rate GPS and Accelerometer Data: Implications for Earthquake Early Warning and Rapid Response (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bock, Y.; Crowell, B. W.; Kedar, S.; Melgar Moctezuma, D.; Squibb, M. B.; Webb, F.; Yu, E.; Clayton, R. W.

    2010-12-01

    The Mw 7.2 April 4, 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake demonstrated convincingly the power of dense near-source, high-rate, real-time GPS networks for earthquake early warning and rapid earthquake response. With funding from NASA’s Advanced Information System Technologies (AIST) program, a robust set of 1 Hz data was collected from over 100 California Real Time Network (CRTN) GPS stations in southern California with a latency of about 0.4 seconds. These data were inverted to provide on-the-fly total displacement waveforms, which captured the propagation of the S-wave through the southern California crust at stations up to 450 km from the epicenter. By “total displacement” we mean direct measurement of both static and dynamic displacements, previously relegated separately to geodesy and seismology, respectively. While most broadband seismic stations clipped for this earthquake, including the Pinyon Flat Observatory (PFO) about 180 km from the epicenter (although accelerometers at the same sites did not), the real-time GPS stations did not saturate and continued to provide on-scale data. A special portlet was set up on the GPS Explorer data portal (http://geodemo-c.ucsd.edu/gridsphere/gridsphere) with information on our response to this event. In addition, three component 1 Hz seismograms of CRTN GPS stations for this earthquake were made available in SAC format at the Southern California Earthquake Data Center (see link below). We discuss lessons learned from this earthquake, in terms of earthquake early warning, on-the-fly optimal combination of GPS and accelerometer data, near-real-time estimation of earthquake magnitude and source parameters, and rapid static and time-dependent earthquake modeling to allow first responders and researchers to pinpoint regions of highest damage. We also discuss ways to better coordinate cross-community (Geodesy-Seismology) data dissemination challenges during large events that arise from practical considerations but also because of the fundamental differences between GPS time series derivation and seismic data recording. One of the differences is the noise on seismic recordings is usually considered to be uncorrelated between seismograms, but with high-rate GPS, it is highly correlated.

  9. Blackstone Valley Prep Mayoral Academy: BVP High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EDUCAUSE, 2015

    2015-01-01

    This Rhode Island charter high school serves an intentionally diverse population of students from two urban and two suburban communities. The blended learning model is tailored by grade level and emphasizes differentiation, deeper learning in a community, and assessment. The two-page grantee profiles from Next Generation Learning Challenges (NGLC)…

  10. Blackstone Valley Prep Mayoral Academy: BVP High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EDUCAUSE, 2015

    2015-01-01

    This Rhode Island charter high school serves an intentionally diverse population of students from two urban and two suburban communities. The blended learning model is tailored by grade level and emphasizes differentiation, deeper learning in a community, and assessment. The two-page grantee profiles from Next Generation Learning Challenges (NGLC)…

  11. The Press and Authority: Portrayals of a Coach and a Mayor. Journalism Monographs No. 50.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paletz, David L.; LaFiura, Dennis

    This monograph investigates the relationship between media and personal authority. Specifically, the nature and possible effects of coverage by the Durham, North Carolina, "Morning Herald" of Duke University's former basketball coach, Raymond C. (Bucky) Waters, are compared to its treatment of a more conventional political figure--Durham's former…

  12. The Significance for Education Reform of the New York City Mayoral Election

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noguera, Pedro

    2014-01-01

    In this first 2014 issue of "Voices in Urban Education," Oona Chatterjee, the Annenberg Institute's associate director for New York City organizing, interviews Pedro Noguera, the Peter L. Agnew Professor of Education at New York University, a noted researcher and national commentator on topics such as urban school reform, conditions…

  13. Groundwater hydrogeochemistry of mayor ions in the Radovna River valley (NW Slovenia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Torkar, Anja; Bren?i?, Mihael; Vre?a, Polona

    2013-04-01

    Chemical analysis of major elements was used to investigate the characteristics of various springs and surface water in the Radovna River valley. The valley is situated in the north-western part of Slovenia. It is 17-kilometre long Alpine river flowing between karstic plateaus of Pokljuka and Mežakla confluenting with Sava Dolinka River. Wider area of the valley is built up by Triassic limestone and dolomite. Quaternary alluvial and glacial sediments occur in the bottom of the valley and on the slopes of the plateaus. Water was sampled monthly from May 2005 till March 2007 at 10 locations along the valley. Locations are divided into: 5 springs, 3 surface water locations, 1 small lake and 1 artesian borehole. On site conductivity, pH and water temperature was measured and samples for chemical analyses were collected. Groundwater, spring water and surface water are related to carbonate rocks; therefore the pH of the samples is in range between 7.1 and 8.4. In most cases pH of river water is higher than that of groundwater and spring water. Conductivity of the water varied in the interval between 188 ?S/cm and 374 ?S/cm. Results of chemical analyses show that concentration of Ca2+ exceeds that of Mg2+ in all of the samples and Ca/Mg ratio varies between 2.6 and 16.8. The concentration of Na+ is lower than Mg2+, but always higher than that of K+. Predominant anion is the HCO3- and varies between 100 mg/l and 211 mg/l. Concentration of anions Cl-, NO3- and SO42- are low and range from 0.1 mg/l to 7.47 mg/l and between 0.62 mg/l and 12 mg/l for Cl- and SO42-, respectively. NO3- is in almost all of the samples below 1 mg/l. Water data shows that waters are alkaline and the dominant facies is Ca-Mg-HCO3-. Ion concentrations fluctuate seasonally and are related to changes in discharge. In winter and early spring, when the discharge is low, the ion concentrations are higher and in late spring and summer during snowmelt, when the discharge is higher, the ion concentration are lower. Generally, ion concentrations in the water are also increasing downstream from the main spring. Chemical analyses of the water samples reflect typical karst spring dynamics and dynamics of groundwater fluctuations in the alluvium. Along the course of the river, water flow is increasing due to great amount of groundwater drainage in to the stream, therefore the chemical concentrations are increasing downstream.

  14. Beauty and Intelligence May--or May Not--Be Related

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denny, Kevin

    2008-01-01

    In a recent paper, [Kanazawa S. & Kovar J.L. (2004). Why beautiful people are more intelligent, "Intelligence," 32, 227-243] assert that given certain empirical regularities about assortative mating and the heritability of intelligence and beauty, that it logically follows that more intelligent people are more beautiful. It is argued here that…

  15. Building Blocks for Better Schools: How the Next Mayor Can Prepare New York's Students for College and Careers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemphill, Clara; Nauer, Kim; White, Andrew; Jacobs, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    The shift in education reform to a goal of college and career readiness for all students is a change that has been embraced widely across the country. The challenge of designing new policies and programs that could accomplish the goal that all students should graduate from high school with the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed in college…

  16. Business Culture and the Death of Public Education: Mayor Bloomberg, David Steiner, and the Politics of Corporate "Leadership"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giroux, Henry A.

    2011-01-01

    This article provides a case study of how a business culture imposes modes of educational leadership on a public school system in New York City that has little if any concerns for empowering children, teachers, and the communities. The article provides a counter-narrative that serves to dispel the notion that the culture of educational empowerment…

  17. Medicines and You: A Guide for Older Adults = Las medicinas y usted: Guia para las personas mayores.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations.

    Most people over 65 take many prescription and nonprescription medicines. Because the body is changing and more medicines are taken, many older adults experience harmful reactions to the medicines they take. This booklet, written in both English and Spanish (on facing pages), was developed to help older adults learn more about medicines, recognize…

  18. Business Culture and the Death of Public Education: Mayor Bloomberg, David Steiner, and the Politics of Corporate "Leadership"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giroux, Henry A.

    2011-01-01

    This article provides a case study of how a business culture imposes modes of educational leadership on a public school system in New York City that has little if any concerns for empowering children, teachers, and the communities. The article provides a counter-narrative that serves to dispel the notion that the culture of educational empowerment…

  19. Sobre la posible existencia de un bulbo o núcleo de población II en la Nube Mayor de Magallanes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clariá, J. J.; Dutra, D. M.; Bica, E.; Piatti, A. E.

    Based on recent results obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope, we present a census of genuine globular clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and we examine their spatial distribution. Spectroscopic observations carried out at Complejo Astronómico El Leoncito (CASLEO, Argentina) allow us to add two new clusters (NGC 1928 and NGC 1939) to the list of genuine LMC globular clusters. We present evidence that old clusters projected on the LMC bar region may constitute a population II core, probably reminiscent of an ancient bulge, which together with a central disc could have evolved into the observed LMC bar by SMC and/or Galaxy interactions. A detailed discussion was given in MNRAS 305, 373 (1999).

  20. Geology and preliminary dating of the hominid-bearing sedimentary fill of the Sima de los Huesos Chamber, Cueva Mayor of the Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bischoff, J.L.; Fitzpatrick, J.A.; Leon, L.; Arsuaga, J.L.; Falgueres, Christophe; Bahain, J.-J.; Bullen, T.

    1997-01-01

    Sediments of the Sima de los Huesos vary greatly over distances of a few meters. This is typical of interior cave facies, and caused by cycles of cut and fill. Mud breccias containing human bones, grading upwards to mud containing bear bones, fill an irregular surface cut into basal marls and sands. The lack of bedding and the chaotic abundance of fragile speleothem clasts in the fossiliferous muds suggests that the deposit was originally a subterranean pond facies, and that after emplacement of the human remains, underwent vigorous post-depositional rotation and collapse and brecciation, caused by underlying bedrock dissolution and undermining. The fossiliferous deposits are capped by flowstone and guano-bearing muds which lack large-mammal fossils. U-series and radiocarbon dating indicates the capping flowstones formed from about 68 ka to about 25 ka. U-series analyses of speleothem clasts among the human fossils indicate that all are at, or close to, isotopic equilibrium (>350 ka). The distribution of U-series dates for 25 bear bones (154??66ka) and for 16 human bones (148??34 ka) is similar and rather broad. Because the human bones seem to be stratigraphically older than those of the bears, the results would indicate that most of the bones have been accumulating uranium irregularly with time. Electron spin resonance (ESR) analyses of six selected bear bones indicates dates of 189??28 ka, for which each is concordant with their corresponding U-series date (181??41 ka). Combined ESR and U-series dates for these samples yielded 200??4 ka. Such agreement is highly suggestive that uranium uptake in these bones was close to the early-uptake (EU) model, and the dates are essentially correct. Another three selected samples yielded combined ESR-U-series dates of 320??4 ka with a modeled intermediate-mode of uranium uptake. The dating results, therefore, seem to provide a firm minimum age of about 200 ka for the human entry; and suggestive evidence of entry before 320 ka. ?? 1997 Academic Press Limited.

  1. Geology and preliminary dating of the hominid-bearing sedimentary fill of the Sima de los Huesos Chamber, Cueva Mayor of the Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain.

    PubMed

    Bischoff, J L; Fitzpatrick, J A; León, L; Arsuagà, J L; Falgueres, C; Bahain, J J; Bullen, T

    1997-01-01

    Sediments of the Sima de los Huesos vary greatly over distances of a few meters. This is typical of interior cave facies, and caused by cycles of cut and fill. Mud breccias containing human bones, grading upwards to mud containing bear bones, fill an irregular surface cut into basal marks and sands. The lack of Bedding and the chaotic abundance of fragile speleothem clasts in the fossiliferous muds suggests that the deposit was originally a subterranean pond facies, and that after emplacement of the human remains, underwent vigorous post-depositional rotation and collapse and brecciation, caused by underlying bedrock dissolution and undermining. The fossiliferous deposits are capped by flowstone and guano-bearing muds which lack large-mammal fossils. U-series and radiocarbon dating indicates the capping flowstones formed from about 68 ka to about 25 ka. U-series analyses of speleothem clasts among the human fossils indicate that all are at, or close to, isotopic equilibrium (> 350 ka). The distribution of U-series dates for 25 bear bones (154 +/- 66 ka) and for 16 human bones (148 +/- 34 ka) is similar and rather broad. Because the human bones seem to be stratigraphically older than chose of the bears, the results would indicate that most of the bones have been accumulating uranium irregularly with time. Electron spin resonance (ESR) analyses of six selected bear bones indicates dates of 189 +/- 28 ka, for which each is cordant with their corresponding U-series date (181 +/- 41 ka). Combined ESR and U-series dates for these samples yielded 200 +/- 4 ka. Such agreement is highly suggestive that uranium uptake in these bones was close to the early-uptake (EU) model, and the dates are essentially correct. Another three selected samples yielded combined ESR U-series dates of 320 +/- 4 ka with a modeled intermediate-mode of uranium uptake. The dating results, therefore, seem to provide a firm minimum age of about 200 ka for the human entry: and suggestive evidence of entry before 320 ka. PMID:9300339

  2. Bringing a Public Voice to the School Governance Debate: The Campaign for Better Schools and Mayoral Control in New York City. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research for Action, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Since 1995, the Donors' Education Collaborative (DEC) has supported a range of groups--advocacy, organizing, research and policy groups--that advocate for, or have members from, diverse constituencies concerned about public education in New York City (NYC). DEC has also encouraged collaborations among these types of groups to leverage their…

  3. Como sacar el mayor partido a una cancion en la clase de espanol (How to Get the Most Out of a Song in a Spanish Class).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acuna, Beatriz Gomez

    2002-01-01

    Although second language textbooks rarely provide songs or many song-related exercises, music excels at alleviating students' tension, enlivening the atmosphere, and offering teachers opportunities to emphasize pedagogical concepts, whether linguistic or cultural. A series of easy-to-use activities is provided that will work with most songs and is…

  4. Effects of the El Mayor Cucapah April 4, 2010 earthquake and water management decisions on the Colorado River Delta tidal inundation patterns: implications for shorebirds habitat availability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomez-Sapiens, M.; Flessa, K. W.; Glenn, E. P.; Nelson, S. M.

    2010-12-01

    The Upper Gulf of California and Colorado River Delta (CRD) provide feeding and resting areas for migratory and resident shorebirds. Coastal and inland wetlands create a variety of habitats that support 31 shorebird species. Total shorebirds during the winter and spring migration ranges from 56,156 to 195,073. The Cienega de Santa Clara is an artificial wetland that receives saline water inflows from the United States, and the southeastern portion (the Santa Clara Slough) receives a mix of brackish effluent from the Cienega and occasional tidal inundation during extreme high tides. This transitional wetland between the sea and the land is one of the main shorebird aggregation areas within the CRD, supporting 29 to 75% of the individuals using the entire Upper Gulf and CRD. The Cienega de Santa Clara is currently experiencing a 30% reduction in inflows due to operation of the Yuma Desalting Plant in the United States. The 2010 Baja California earthquake caused changes in the tidal water inflows patterns in the delta. Time sequence Landsat images and aerial observations showed that a new wetland area has been created since tidal water inflows are now diverted from the southeast edge of the Cienega to the southwest areas due to subsidence effects. The aim of this study was to document the changes in the shorebird inland habitats to predict shifts in shorebird habitat use by using aerial and ground surveys before and after the earthquake. Preliminary results shows that some of the areas with a high density of shorebird use has dried out mainly as a consequence of the reduction in water inflows to the Cienega from the United States and diversion of water from the Santa Clara Slough to the new tidal basins northwest of the Slough. Aerial surveys suggest that shorebirds were not yet visiting the new wetland area during the past spring migration and were more abundant over the San Felipe coastline and Montague Island. Shorebird habitat has been influenced by a combination of water management decisions, tidal dynamics, and landform changes due to the recent seismic event in the CRD. Further monitoring is needed to determine if shorebirds will relocate to new habitat or diminish in numbers in this important ecosystem.

  5. Understanding differences in access and use of healthcare between international immigrants to Chile and the Chilean-born: a repeated cross-sectional population-based study in Chile

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Introduction International evidence indicates consistently lower rates of access and use of healthcare by international immigrants. Factors associated with this phenomenon vary significantly depending on the context. Some research into the health of immigrants has been conducted in Latin America, mostly from a qualitative perspective. This population-based study is the first quantitative study to explore healthcare provision entitlement and use of healthcare services by immigrants in Chile and compare them to the Chilean-born. Methods Data come from the nationally representative CASEN (Socioeconomic characterization of the population in Chile) surveys, conducted in 2006 and 2009. Self-reported immigrants were compared to the Chilean-born, by demographic characteristics (age, sex, urban/rural, household composition, ethnicity), socioeconomic status (SES: education, household income, contractual status), healthcare provision entitlement (public, private, other, none), and use of primary services. Weighted descriptive, stratified and adjusted regression models were used to analyse factors associated with access to and use of healthcare. Results There was an increase in self-reported immigrant status and in household income inequality among immigrants between 2006 and 2009. Over time there was a decrease in the rate of immigrants reporting no healthcare provision and an increase in reporting of private healthcare provision entitlement. Compared to the Chilean-born, immigrants reported higher rates of use of antenatal and gynaecological care, lower use of well-baby care, and no difference in the use of Pap smears or the number of attentions received in the last three months. Immigrants in the bottom income quintile were four times more likely to report no healthcare provision than their equivalent Chilean-born group (with different health needs, i.e. vertical inequity). Disabled immigrants were more likely to have no healthcare provision compared to the disabled Chilean-born (with similar health needs, i.e. horizontal inequity). Factors associated with immigrants’ access to, and use of, healthcare were sex, urban/rural status, education and country of origin. Conclusion There were significant associations between SES, and access to and use of healthcare among immigrants in Chile and a higher prevalence of no health care provision entitlement among poor and disabled immigrants compared to the Chilean-born. Changing associations between access and use of healthcare and SES among immigrants in Chile over time may reflect changes in their socio-demographic composition or in the survey methodology between 2006 and 2009. Resumen Introducción La evidencia internacional indica menor acceso y uso de servicios de salud por parte de inmigrantes, pero sus factores desencadenantes varían significativamente dependiendo del contexto. Algunas investigaciones se han desarrollado en este tema en América Latina, desde una perspectiva cualitativa. Este estudio cuantitativo exploró el auto-reporte de acceso y uso de servicios de salud de inmigrantes en Chile y los comparó con la población chilena. Métodos Análisis secundario de datos de encuesta nacional CASEN 2006 y 2009. Inmigrantes fueron comparados con chilenos en características demográficas (edad, sexo, urbano/rural, composición del hogar, etnia), estatus socioeconómico (educación, ingreso, situación contractual), tipo de previsión (pública, privada, otra, ninguna), y uso de varios servicios de atención primaria. Análisis descriptivo, estratificado, y modelos de regresión ponderados para entender factores asociados al acceso y uso de servicios de salud en STATA 11.0. Resultados Se observó un aumento de reporte de inmigrantes y de la desigualdad en el ingreso de inmigrantes entre 2006 y 2009. Hubo una disminución en la tasa de inmigrantes sin previsión y un aumento en el acceso al sistema privado. Los inmigrantes usaron más frecuentemente la atención prenatal y ginecológica, y menos la atención del niño sano. No hubo diferencia en el uso de citología vaginal o el número total de atenciones recibidas en comparación con los chilenos. Los inmigrantes en el quintil inferior de ingresos reportaron 4 veces más la ausencia de prestación de salud que los chilenos (inequidad vertical). Similares resultados se observaron al comparar inmigrantes con discapacidad con chilenos con discapacidad (inequidad horizontal). Los factores asociados con el acceso y uso del servicio de salud por parte de los inmigrantes fueron el sexo, urbano/rural, educación y país de origen. Conclusión Se observó una asociación significativa entre estatus socioeconomico, migración y acceso y uso de asistencia sanitaria. Los resultados de este estudio pueden deberse a verdaderos cambios en la composición de los inmigrantes y sus patrones de uso del sistema de salud chileno, pero también pueden deberse a cambios en la metodología y recolección de datos entre encuestas 2006 y 2009. Este aspecto requiere mayor análisis y debate en la región. PMID:23158113

  6. What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "Meeting the Challenge of Combating Chronic Absenteeism: Impact of the NYC Mayor's Interagency Task Force on Chronic Absenteeism and School Attendance and Its Implications for Other Cities"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention designed to reduce rates of chronic student absenteeism in New York City public schools. The study authors reported that schools participating in the intervention experienced greater reductions in rates of student chronic absenteeism than the comparison schools. Students who attended the…

  7. Coseismic Deformations Associated with the M=7.2, April 04, 2010, El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake, Observed from Leveling Survey, Geotechnical Instruments and Water Level Changes in the Mexicali Valley

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glowacka, E.; Robles, B.; Vázquez, R.; Sarychikhina, O.; Suárez-Vidal, F.; Ramirez, J.; Nava Pichardo, F. A.; Farfan, F.; Diaz de Cossio, G.

    2010-12-01

    A first order, second class leveling survey in the Mexicali Valley had been just finished in February 2010, for a project carried out by CICESE (Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education of Ensenada), IMTA (Mexican Institute of Water Technology) and CONAGUA (National Water Comission). Immediately after the M=7.2 earthquake the survey was repeated along 240 km of the profiles in the area of the Cerro Prieto pull-apart basin. The leveling started at the LN00 GPS monument in La Puerta. Overall, an uplift of about 30 cm towards the NE, along the 38 km line, in direction SW-NE is observed with larger gradient to the South of the area. Three subsidence bowls differ from this general pattern. One, south from Ejido Saltillo, with the relative subsidence of 19 cm (considering the displacement at LN00 as zero subsidence), probably reflects subsidence of the Saltillo-Guerrero graben; the second, with a subsidence of 23 cm, is situated south from Ejido Nuevo Leon and can be related to the subsidence triggered by the earthquake in the production area of Cerro Prieto IV. For the third one, with relative depth of 36 cm, situated close to Zacamoto, the southeastern limit cannot be determined, so only a comparison with other methods can explain the origin of this anomaly. All the subsidence bowls are associated with liquefaction observed in the area, with more liquefaction observed close to Zacamoto. Since 1996, CICESE has been operating a network of geotechnical instruments (REDECVAM) for continuous recording of deformation related to tectonic (seismic and interseismic) phenomena, as well as anthropogenic deformation caused by the deep fluid extraction at the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field. The instruments are installed along the faults which limit the Cerro Prieto pull-apart basin at a distance from 8 to 15 km from the epicenter. Coseismic step-like groundwater level changes ranging from 0.4 to 5.0 meters were recorded at 4 wells in the Cerro Prieto Pull apart-basin equivalent to coseismic volumetric strain field, in the depth of the piezometers, of the order of 10-6 - 10-5. Instruments installed along the “continuation of the Cerro Prieto” fault recorded vertical slip of 6 cm, and inclination changes of ~700 microradians, with 10 cm vertical slip measured with a ruler at the surface, Instruments installed on the Saltillo fault recorded up to 3000 microradians change, and vertical and horizontal displacements, measured manually, were of the order of centimeters. The Morelia fault had about 30 cm vertical displacement measured manually. The displacement velocities observed by the instruments are much larger than the aseismic slip velocities or triggered slip velocities observed previously in this area. A comparison between leveling results and geotechnical observations suggests that the magnitude of deformation observed by the instruments is confirmed by the leveling only in the Saltillo-Guerrero graben, thus suggesting that the observed slip triggered on the Morelia and Cerro Prieto faults is shallow.

  8. Year Two Report on the Campaign for Better Schools: Outcomes of the Mayoral Control Debate--Changes to NYC Governance Legislation and Long-Term Effects, May 2009-May 2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Eva; Simon, Elaine; Good, Deborah; Gottschalk, Jesse; Henig, Jeffrey; Silander, Megan

    2010-01-01

    Since 1995, the Donors' Education Collaborative (DEC) has supported a range of groups--advocacy, organizing, research and policy groups--who advocate for, or whose members come from, diverse constituencies concerned about public education in New York City (NYC). DEC has also encouraged collaborations among these types of groups to leverage their…

  9. Year One Report on the Campaign for Better Schools: Building a Coalition, Gaining Recognition and Forging a Platform to Influence the Terms of the Mayoral Control Debate in NYC, May 2008-May 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Eva; Simon, Elaine; Evans, Shani Adia; Kay, Joseph; Henig, Jeffrey; Silander, Megan

    2009-01-01

    This is the second evaluation of the Donors' Education Collaborative's (DEC) grant making since its founding in 1995. The first evaluation was a cross-case study of three projects that embodied DEC's theory of action: lasting systemic school reform demands sustained funding to build organizational collaboration that simultaneously broadens and…

  10. Psychological and Personality Undercurrents of a Drug User. Student Drug Use and the Hang-Loose Ethic. Students and Drug Use: A Study of Personality Characteristics and Extent of Drug Using Behavior. A Report on Drug Abuse in the City of Edmonton to the Mayor's Executive Committee on Drug Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paterson, John G.; And Others

    These 4 papers were presented at the Canadian Guidance and Counselling Convention, 1971. (1) Hughes used a questionnaire to show that marihuana users were more likely to subscribe to the "hang-loose ethic," i.e., a personal and social ethic antagonistic to the ideas of the Protestant ethic, as manifested in their behaviors; self-concepts;…

  11. 75 FR 67965 - Announcement of Local Government Advisory Committee Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-04

    .... Ronald K. Davis, Mayor, Prichard, Alabama. Adam Ortiz, Mayor, Edmonston, Maryland. Heather McTeer Hudson..., Massachusetts. David W. Smith, Mayor, Newark, California. Tribal (Elected and Appointed) Steve Ortiz,...

  12. Estudio epidemiológico de sucesos traumáticos, trastorno de estrés post-traumático y otros trastornos psiquiátricos en una muestra representativa de Chile

    PubMed Central

    Pérez Benítez, Carlos I.; Vicente, Benjamin; Zlotnick, Caron; Kohn, Robert; Johnson, Jennifer; Valdivia, Sandra; Rioseco, Pedro

    2010-01-01

    RESUMEN Durante la década de 1990 en los Estados Unidos (EU), el conocimiento sobre el trastorno de estrés post-traumático (TEPT) evolucionó de estudios específicos en un principio, sobre veteranos de guerra y sobre víctimas de desastres, a estudios epidemiológicos más tarde, sin embargo, la epidemiología del TEPT en países en desarrollo ha sido un área poco estudiada hasta ahora. Los expertos en el área de trauma han propuesto que los sucesos traumáticos que ocurren en la niñez son más perjudiciales para la salud mental que aquellos que ocurren más tarde en la vida. Este trabajo revisa los resultados de un estudio epidemiológico llevado a cabo en Chile. Específicamente, se revisan los resultados sobre las tasas de prevalencia del TEPT, traumas asociados más frecuentemente con él, así como la comorbilidad de este trastorno con otros trastornos psiquiátricos a lo largo de la vida. Igualmente se analizaron las diferencias del TEPT en cada sexo, así como la exposición a traumas en una muestra representativa de chilenos. Además se comparó la prevalencia de trastornos psiquiátricos en personas que sufrieron su primer trauma durante la niñez, durante la edad adulta, o que no reportaron traumas durante su vida. En estos estudios epidemiológicos se usaron módulos del TEPT y trastorno de personalidad antisocial (TPA) de la entrevista diagnóstica siguiendo los criterios del DSM-III-R (DIS–III-R). Para evaluar el resto de los trastornos psiquiátricos se usó la Entrevista Diagnóstica Internacional Compuesta (CIDI). Estos instrumentos fueron administrados en tres ciudades chilenas a 2390 personas mayores de 15 años. Para estimar los errores estándares (EE) debido al diseño de la muestra y a la necesidad de ajuste se usó el método Taylor de linearización seriada. También se usó un análisis de regresión logística para examinar la relación entre el TEPT, los factores demográficos de riesgo y el tipo de trauma. Además se utilizó la regresión logística multivariada para evaluar si la relación entre el TEPT y el sexo pudiera ser explicada por medio de otros factores de riesgo, así como para calcular las tasas y la oportunidad relativa (razón de productos cruzados) de trastornos psiquiátricos a lo largo de la vida. El primer análisis arrojó que la prevalencia de TEPT a lo largo de la vida fue de 4.4% (2.5% para hombres y 6.2% para mujeres). De los hechos traumáticos reportados, la violación sexual tuvo una correlación más alta con el TEPT que los demás hechos traumáticos. Las mujeres tuvieron más probabilidades de experimentar TEPT que los hombres, después de controlar la variable asalto violento. El segundo análisis evidenció que los que habían sufrido traumas a lo largo de la vida tuvieron mayor probabilidad de tener un trastorno psiquiátrico en comparación con aquellos que no reportaron traumas. También se encontró que los que sufrieron su primer trauma durante la infancia tuvieron más probabilidad de desarrollar trastornos de pánico a lo largo de la vida que aquellos que sufrieron su primer trauma en la edad adulta, independientemente del número de traumas que sufrieron y de las diferencias demográficas. Aunque Chile tiene un contexto histórico-cultural y una economía diferente a otros países en los que se ha estudiado anteriormente la epidemiología del TEPT, el presente estudio reflejó tendencias similares a las reportadas en estudios previos. Los hallazgos expuestos enfatizan la importancia de investigar la prevalencia del TEPT, los patrones de comorbilidad del TEPT y las diferencias de sexo en la prevalencia del TEPT en diferentes países. También estos resultados sugieren que los sucesos traumáticos en la infancia (y no en la adultez) pueden estar relacionados con la ocurrencia de trastornos psiquiátricos específicos. PMID:21113425

  13. National Coalition for Homeless Veterans

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a critical... continue Mayors Challenge to End Veteran Homelessness Call Hosted by HUD March 10, 2016 Mayors, ... to help in the campaign to end veteran homelessness. The portal will help your business capitalize on ...

  14. Taking Charge of Choice: How Charter School Policy Contexts Matter. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smrekar, Claire

    2011-01-01

    Against the backdrop of urban school politics, in which mayors play increasingly powerful and pivotal roles, the current study examines the origins and implications of mayoral control of charter school authorization and accountability in Indianapolis (see Henig & Rich, 2004; Wong & Shen, 2007). In contrast to analyses of mayoral takeovers of urban…

  15. "One of the Most Uniform Races of the Entire World": Creole Eugenics and the Myth of Chilean Racial Homogeneity.

    PubMed

    Walsh, Sarah

    2015-11-01

    This article illuminates why Nicolás Palacios's 1904 monograph, Raza chilena: Libro escrito por un Chileno i para los Chilenos [Chilean Race: A Book Written by a Chilean for Chileans], is central to the creation of a myth of Chilean racial homogeneity at the turn of the twentieth century. Placing Palacios in the context of Latin American eugenic discourse, it demonstrates how he selected a specific racial origin story in order to accommodate his belief in racial hierarchy while also depicting race mixing in a positive light. Specifically, the article highlights how the myth of Chilean racial homogeneity elided the difference between the term "mestizo," which was applied to people of mixed racial heritage, and "white." I contend that Palacios sought to differentiate Chileans from other Latin Americans by emphasizing their racial distinctiveness. The article therefore highlights that Latin American eugenics was concerned with the creation of national narratives that historicized particular racial mixtures in order to reify and affirm national differences. As such, it connects to literature regarding the history of eugenics, race, nation, and the creation of whiteness. PMID:25733067

  16. 7 CFR 2.85 - Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) National League of Cities; (viii) International City Managers Association; (ix) U.S. Conference of Mayors... collaboration with tribal officials, and coordinate the Department's programs involving assistance to...

  17. The Critical Task of Hiring a New Chief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oishi, Lindsay

    2012-01-01

    For most of the more than 14,000 districts nationwide, the critical task of hiring a new chief executive is entrusted to the school board. There are a few exceptions, such as when there are mayoral takeovers of districts and the mayor appoints a CEO. As board members rarely have the requisite experience or time to search, they often turn to…

  18. Effects of Administration's Fiscal Year 1984 Budget on Training and Employment Programs. Hearing before the Task Force on Education and Employment of the Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session. Serial No. TF4-2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Budget.

    This report of a Congressional hearing regards the effects of the administration's 1984 budget on training and employment programs. Testimony includes statements from five individuals representing the Research Department of the United Auto Workers (UAW); the mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota on behalf of the National League of Cities; the mayor of…

  19. 78 FR 52951 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ... Springs, CO 80477. Florida: Collier (FEMA Docket No.: B- City of Naples (12- The Honorable John F. City...- The Honorable John F. City Hall, 735 8th June 24, 2013 125130 1320). 04-1286P). Sorey, III, Mayor... Jacobs, Mayor, Orange Management Division, (12-04-7200P). County, 201 South 4200 South John...

  20. Schools for Cities: Urban Strategies. NEA Series on Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haar, Sharon, Ed.

    This monograph presents papers from the 2000 Mayors' Institute on City Design and the public forum that followed it. Essays include: "Schools for Cities: Urban Strategies" (Sharon Haar); "Reenvisioning Schools; The Mayors' Questions" (Leah Ray); "Why Johnny Can't Walk to School" (Constance E. Beaumont); "Lessons from the Chicago Public Schools…

  1. The Critical Task of Hiring a New Chief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oishi, Lindsay

    2012-01-01

    For most of the more than 14,000 districts nationwide, the critical task of hiring a new chief executive is entrusted to the school board. There are a few exceptions, such as when there are mayoral takeovers of districts and the mayor appoints a CEO. As board members rarely have the requisite experience or time to search, they often turn to…

  2. 78 FR 20935 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-08

    .... Mayor, Monroe County, Building (12-04-5100P)........ Marathon Airport Department, 2798 Terminal, 9400 Overseas Overseas Highway, Highway, Suite 210, Suite 330, Marathon, FL 33050. Marathon, FL 33050. Monroe... 125129 1286). of Monroe County. Mayor, Monroe County, Building (12-04-6679P)........ Marathon...

  3. More Carrots than Sticks: Antanas Mockus's Civic Culture Policy in Bogota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buendia, Felipe Cala

    2010-01-01

    The son of a Lithuanian artist, Antanas Mockus was the president of the National University in Colombia before he became mayor of Bogota in 1995. As mayor, he transformed the city into a huge classroom, not only bringing to his administration a new view of governing but also transforming the way people exercised their citizenship. Mockus resorted…

  4. Kids and Fitness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corradini, Deedee

    1999-01-01

    Too many U.S. children are out of shape. Parents must help them learn to improve their fitness by exercising with them. The U.S. Conference of Mayors recently made physical fitness of the nation's children a primary emphasis. A sidebar presents information on how to contact local mayors to start up programs to help children improve their fitness.…

  5. A Negative Assessment: An Education Revolution that Never Was

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Sol

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author assesses Mayor Michael Bloomberg's model of educational reform through dictatorial mayoral control. Many people give credit to Bloomberg's education policy, but it's anyone's guess why the 4th-grade scores rose 10% in 2005 at the same time that the 8th-grade reading and social studies scores went from bad to worse (with…

  6. Bloomberg's Way

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2009-01-01

    The nation's largest school district is engaged in a fierce debate over the merits and drawbacks of mayoral control as a legislative deadline looms for renewing the governance arrangement. The 2002 law that gave New York City's mayor authority over the school system will "sunset" on June 30 unless state lawmakers step in, as they are widely…

  7. Institutions and Organizational Change: Reforming New York City's Public School System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Traver, Amy

    2006-01-01

    This paper reviews New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg's education reform agenda, "Children first", in the light of organizational theory. I argue that this reform agenda reflects both coercive and mimetic isomorphism, as Bloomberg uses mayoral control to apply business concepts and practices to New York City's public school system. Through…

  8. On the Positive Side: Bloomberg and Klein Seek to Repair a Failure Factory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Joe

    2005-01-01

    The history books will show that New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg seized control of the city's sprawling public school bureaucracy and its 1.1 million students on July 1, 2002. But it was 18 months later when New Yorkers got their first real taste of what mayoral control and accountability were supposed to be about: when reports of escalating…

  9. Palace Revolt in Los Angeles?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Bruce

    2010-01-01

    Antonio Villaraigosa, the mayor of Los Angeles, comes alive when recalling his start in local politics--as a labor organizer agitating for reform inside decrepit and overcrowded schools. In his quest to turn around the schools, the mayor has united working-class Latino parents, civil rights leaders, and big-money Democrats to challenge union…

  10. Is Demography Still Destiny? Neighborhood Demographics and Public High School Students' Readiness for College in New York City. A Research and Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fruchter, Norm; Hester, Megan; Mokhtar, Christina; Shahn, Zach

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decade, Mayor Michael Bloomberg has reorganized the New York City school system using principles and strategies extrapolated from his corporate sector experience. The mayor and his administration have restructured the public school system into a portfolio district centered on choice, autonomy, and accountability. These strategies…

  11. New York City's Education Battles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Peter

    2008-01-01

    When Bloomberg gave his first State of the City address, in January, 2002, he announced his intention to seek mayoral control of the schools and abolish the infamous New York City Board of Education, which he called "a rinky-dink candy store." He joined a long list of New York mayors, educators, and business leaders who believed that the city's…

  12. WNYC: 1922-1940-- The Early History of a Twentieth-Century Urban Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luscombe, Irving Foulds

    Station WNYC, New York, began operation in 1924 as a means of improving police and fire department services and raising the educational and cultural level of the citizenry. However, Mayor Hylan tried to use WNYC for personal political purposes; and until 1933, under Mayors Walker, McKee, and O'Brien, the station was handicapped by the Hylan…

  13. Bullying in New York City Schools: Educators Speak out, 2009-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund, 2010

    2010-01-01

    On September 3, 2008, Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Schools Chancellor Joel Klein announced Chancellor's Regulation A-832, which established a procedure for preventing and addressing student-to-student bias-based harassment in New York City public schools. Community members and advocates stood with the mayor and chancellor as they announced this…

  14. Fwd: Opportunities Lost--How New York City Got Derailed on the Way to School Reform. Volume: I, Number: 3. Arresting Insights in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Sol

    2004-01-01

    Mayor Michael Bloomberg gave his first hint about his plans for reforming the New York City school system on Martin Luther King Day in January 2003. Mayor Bloomberg did not offer a single excuse for the disastrous state of the city's schools. Nor did he attribute that failure to poverty or racism. Breaking with 50 years of liberal political…

  15. 78 FR 35302 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-12

    ... The Honorable Walter Engineering Department, April 22, 2013 010203 1294). (12-04-3302P). Maddox, Mayor..., Tuscaloosa, AL 35401. Tuscaloosa (FEMA Docket No.: B- City of Tuscaloosa The Honorable Walter Engineering...). 04-8071P). Benjamin, Mayor, Street, Columbia, SC City of Columbia, 29021. 1737 Main Street,...

  16. More Carrots than Sticks: Antanas Mockus's Civic Culture Policy in Bogota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buendia, Felipe Cala

    2010-01-01

    The son of a Lithuanian artist, Antanas Mockus was the president of the National University in Colombia before he became mayor of Bogota in 1995. As mayor, he transformed the city into a huge classroom, not only bringing to his administration a new view of governing but also transforming the way people exercised their citizenship. Mockus resorted…

  17. Palace Revolt in Los Angeles?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Bruce

    2010-01-01

    Antonio Villaraigosa, the mayor of Los Angeles, comes alive when recalling his start in local politics--as a labor organizer agitating for reform inside decrepit and overcrowded schools. In his quest to turn around the schools, the mayor has united working-class Latino parents, civil rights leaders, and big-money Democrats to challenge union…

  18. Bias-Based Harassment in New York City Public Schools: A Report Card on the Department of Education's Implementation of Chancellor's Regulation A-832

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund, 2009

    2009-01-01

    On September 3, 2008, Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Schools Chancellor Joel Klein announced Chancellor's Regulation A-832, which established a procedure for addressing student-to-student bias-based harassment, intimidation, and bullying. Community groups and advocates stood with the Mayor and Department of Education (DOE) leadership in announcing…

  19. 78 FR 8166 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-05

    .... index.php/alabama/ Mayor, City of shelby-2/. Chelsea, P.O. Box 111, Chelsea, AL 35043. Shelby...'s Office, www.bakeraecom.com/ County (12-04- Chairman, 506 Highway 70, index.php/alabama/ 5684P... www.bakeraecom.com/ 08-0832P). Mayor, City of Avenue, Westminster, index.php/colorado/ Westminster,...

  20. 78 FR 32673 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... Dothan, North St. Andrews index.php/alabama/ P.O. Box 2128, Street, Dothan, houston/. Dothan, AL 36302....com/ Mayor, City of Authority, 76 index.php/colorado/ Centennial, 13133 Inverness Drive arapahoe..., 1777 www.bakeraecom.com/ Appelbaum, Mayor, Broadway Street, index.php/colorado/ City of...

  1. 77 FR 77081 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    ........ 010045 (12-04-4332P). Kenneth Boswell, South Main www.bakeraecom.com/ Mayor, City of Street, index.php..., Department of www.bakeraecom.com/ County (12-08- Douglas County Public Works, index.php/colorado/ 0727P..., Utilities and www.bakeraecom.com/ Mayor, City of Engineering, 1136 index.php/ Columbia, P.O....

  2. 78 FR 14567 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-06

    ..., index.php/alabama/ 216 East Prichard AL 36610. mobile/. Avenue, Prichard, AL 36610. Shelby City of..., 200 www.bakeraecom.com/ Mayor, City of Depot Street, index.php/alabama/ Alabaster, City Alabaster, AL....bakeraecom.com/ Mayor, City of University index.php/alabama/ Tuscaloosa, 2201 Boulevard,...

  3. Laid Off But Moving On

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolinger, Joyce

    1975-01-01

    Zenith Radio Corporation and General Electric, with an assist from the Chicago Mayor's Office of Manpower, have developed a program to upgrade workers with an experimental learning-on-layoff program. (Author/BP)

  4. "Quality Education Is Our Moon Shot": An Interview with Secretary of Education Arne Duncan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Joan

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Secretary of Education Arne Duncan. In this interview, Duncan talks about the goal for his work leading American schools and how merit pay, charter schools, and mayoral control would improve student learning.

  5. Apprentices in Trouble: Some Problems in the Training of Surgeons and Apothecaries in Seventeenth Century London

    PubMed Central

    Forbes, Thomas R.

    1979-01-01

    Mayor's Court interrogatories and depositions in six disputes between apprentices and their surgeon and apothecary masters in London in 1654-1684 are reviewed. Evidence is presented to illustrate aspects of the operation of the apprentice system. PMID:377827

  6. 78 FR 28887 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ... community must change any existing ordinances that are more stringent in their floodplain management...-1796P). Wheat, Mayor, Town of Suite 202, Westlake, 3 Village Westlake, TX 76262. Circle, Suite...

  7. Volcanological evolution of Paniri volcano, Central Andes, northern Chile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lazcano, J.; Godoy, B.; Aguilera, F.; Wilke, H.

    2012-12-01

    San Pedro-Linzor volcanic chain (SPLVC) is located between 21°45'S-22°15'S, in the Recent volcanic arc of Central Andes. This volcanic chain comprises several volcanic edifices and dacitic domes, with a total lenght of ~65 km. Volcanic structures distributed in SPLVC show a NW-SE trending orientation and have been been built over Miocene ignimbrite fields. Paniri volcano (5946 m a.s.l.) is a composite stratovolcano located in SPLVC, and distributes southwards San Pedro - San Pablo volcanic complex, at the northern side of Chao Dacite. In this work, the volcanological evolution of Paniri is presented. This volcanic edifice is constituted by two cones, generated during four stages. The first stage corresponds to the plateau-type stage consituted by extensive andesitic and basaltic-andesite lavas and scoria flows that overlie the ignimbritic basement of the volcano. Over these mafic flows, thick dacitic flows were erupted at the northern, southern and southwestern flank of the volcano. After this stage, the main edifice was constructed, presenting two stages: the Old and the Young Cone. The Old Cone Stage was built on the southern part of the volcano. It is constituted by andesitic-to-dacitic lavas and pyroclastic flows. After that, lavic and pyroclastic flows were erupted north of the Old Cone, generating the Young Cone Stage, corresponding to lavas and pyroclastic flows that overlay the previous Old Cone. Composition of the flows of this stage vary from basaltic-andesite to dacite. An 40Ar/39Ar radiometric measure from an basaltic-andesite lava flow of the Young Cone Stage gave a plateau age of 400±50 ka. Significant dissection by glacial erosion affect southern flank of old cone and diverse parts of young cone, being in the last less pervasive. Frontal and lateral morraines deposits are present in the related glacial valleys. The last stage in the evolution of this volcano corresponds to emision of andesitic flows, with autobreccia textures. These flows reach up to 7 km and come from the Young Cone summit, covering the lava flows erupted in the previous stage. Thus, according with the presented evolution, Paniri is similar to San Pedro, Cerro del León, and Toconce volcanoes, distributed in SPLVC. Stratigraphic relation, glacial erosion and radiometric dating indicate that this volcano is younger than Cerro del Leon and Toconce southwards, both showing a marked hydrothermal alteration (López et al., 2012; Silva et al., 2012), and older than Chao Dacite, and San Pedro - San Pablo volcanic complex. No historical activity have been observed for Paniri volcano. References López, C., Aguilera, F., Godoy, B., Wörner, G., y Kojima, S., 2012. Evolución del sitema volcánico Toconce (Región de Antofagasta, Chile) mediante interpretación fotogeológica, petrográfica y geoquímica. In XIII Congreso Geológico Chileno. 13 - 17 agosto, Antofagasta, Chile. Silva, F., Aguilera, F., Godoy, B., Wörner, G., y Kojima, S., 2012. Evolución del sitema volcánico Cerro del León (Región de Antofagasta, Chile) mediante interpretación fotogeológica, petrográfica y geoquímica. In XIII Congreso Geológico Chileno. 13 - 17 agosto, Antofagasta, Chile.

  8. Los desafíos de tratar con las atmósferas: Entrada, Descenso y Aterrizaje - Duration: 30 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    Ya sea aterrizando en Marte o de regreso a la Tierra, uno de los mayores desafíos de cualquier misión es la entrada, descenso y aterrizaje. Solo piense -- una nave espacial que pasa volando a toda ...

  9. Adult Education. The Quality of Life. ASPBAE Courier No. 52.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ASPBAE Courier, 1991

    1991-01-01

    This issue of the "Courier" examines the quality of life as it can be improved by adult education, especially in the countries of Asia, Africa, and the South Pacific. It also looks at the need for women's education. The following six articles are included: (1) "The Future of the Family" (Federico Mayor); (2) "Her Words on His Lips: Gender Popular…

  10. Media Leader Tapped to Head New York City Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2010-01-01

    When Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg sought a leader for the New York City schools in 2002, his outside-the-box choice was Joel I. Klein, a former assistant U.S. attorney general who had no experience as a school administrator. Eight years later, in seeking a replacement for Mr. Klein, Mr. Bloomberg has tapped yet another person from outside education:…

  11. Fighting for the "Right to the City": Examining Spatial Injustice in Chicago Public School Closings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Carl A.; Floch Arcello, Anna; Konrad, Annika M.; Swenson, Mary C.

    2014-01-01

    This article uses Chicago public school closings as a case study for the rise of mayoral control and the decline of democratic participation -- two common responses to stiff competition from global markets -- in urban public schools in the United States. In response to the 2013 Chicago decision to close 50 schools and move 30,000 students, this…

  12. Boston's Rapid Expansion of Public School-Based Preschool: Promoting Quality, Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sachs, Jason; Weiland, Christina

    2010-01-01

    In his 2005 State of the City address, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino directed the Boston Public Schools (BPS) to "provide all 4-year-olds in the city with full-day school within five years." There were several reasons for this commitment, including an emerging consensus that early childhood education makes a positive difference in long-term outcomes…

  13. Community Organizing for School Reform, Washington, DC: A Recovering Plantation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Anne T.

    Because the District of Columbia (DC) is a federal district, its governance is peculiar. The DC public school system is plagued by poor management, internal strife, unstable leadership, low student achievement, shrinking enrollment, and declining community confidence. During the 1960s, Mayor Barry and the civil rights-home rule movement brought…

  14. Youth Violence. Hearings before the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session Focusing on the Cause of Juvenile Crime and the Need for Juvenile Justice Reform (Dover and Wilmington, DE, July 15 and 17, 1995).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

    This hearing focused on the cause of juvenile crime and the need for juvenile justice reform. On the first day, an opening statement by Senator Joseph R. Biden examined the seriousness of the problem. Two panels contributed prepared statements. The first panel included Jim Hutchinson, Mayor, Dover, DE; Alan Ellingsworth, Colonel, Delaware State…

  15. Indianapolis Plan Suggests Blueprint for Other Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2012-01-01

    An Indianapolis-based nonprofit organization has crafted a sweeping plan for reworking the 33,000-student Indianapolis school system that would place the district under the control of the city's mayor, pare down the money spent in central administration, and give principals broad authority to hire and fire teachers. The reform plan created by the…

  16. 4. DETAIL OF BUILDER'S PLATES: '1901, CARTER H. HARRISON, COMMISSIONER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. DETAIL OF BUILDER'S PLATES: '1901, CARTER H. HARRISON, COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WORKS, MAYOR F.W. BLOCKI, JOHN ERICSON, CITY ENGINEER'; 'FITZSIMONS AND CONNELL CO. SUBSTRUCTURE'; 'AMERICAN BRIDGE COMPANY, LASSIG PLANT, CONTRACTOR FOR SUPERSTRUCTURE' - Chicago River Bascule Bridge, West Cortland Street, Spanning North Branch of Chicago River at West Cortland Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

  17. Educational Greenfield: A Critical Policy Analysis of Plans to Transform New Orleans Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torregano, Michelle Early; Shannon, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    New Orleans is known as a unique city. It is the birthplace of jazz, delicious food, and a "gumbo" of warm friendly people. On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina roared ashore, leaving death and destruction in her wake. New Orleans Mayor C. Ray Nagin recognized that rebuilding the city of New Orleans would be a daunting task; one that he believed…

  18. James Madison High: A School at the Crossroads

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stroup, John T.; Salmonowicz, Michael J.; Broom, Christopher C.

    2007-01-01

    This case tells the story of James Madison High School, which became the epicenter of a debate over the future reorganization and control of large secondary schools in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). The LAUSD, recently taken over by the newly elected mayor, was fighting for control of this 3,000-student high school with a charter…

  19. 75 FR 29197 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-25

    ... Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables... 30, 2009, Rivera, Mayor, City of 0730P). The Gazette. Colorado Springs, P.O. Box 1575,...

  20. 76 FR 21662 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-18

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables..., Mayor, City of 0471P). The El Paso County Colorado Springs, P.O. Advertiser and News. Box 1575,...

  1. 75 FR 18079 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables..., 2009; Rivera, Mayor, City of 0002P). The Gazette. Colorado Springs, P.O. Box 1575, Colorado Springs,...

  2. Derechos de autor y uso de imágenes y contenido

    Cancer.gov

    La mayor parte de la información en el sitio web del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI), Cancer.gov, es del dominio público y no está sujeta a las restricciones de los derechos de autor. No se requiere permiso especial para usar o reproducir materiales del dominio público.

  3. New England After 3 PM: Spotlight on Rhode Island

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Afterschool Alliance, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This report, the third installment in the "New England After 3 PM" series, discusses after-school programs and support in Rhode Island. The Afterschool Alliance worked with the Rhode Island Afterschool Plus Alliance to survey mayors and other officials in each of the state's 39 cities and towns. The survey, distributed via the Internet in April…

  4. High School Reform. Policy Brief #1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philadelphia Youth Network, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Historically, many mayors have had direct authority over the education system in their cities. Until recently, however, they have largely deferred to boards and superintendents to lead and monitor the work of schools. Now, with increased federal accountability, growing awareness of how education impacts economic growth and related issues like…

  5. Why Americans Love to Reform the Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reese, William J.

    2004-01-01

    Americans from all walks of life espouse the cause of school reform. The past generation has witnessed the rise of education governors and education presidents. The CEO's of major corporations, big-city mayors, private sector entrepreneurs, inner city parents, the heads of teachers' unions, and every politician under the sun have often found the…

  6. The New York City Beacons: Rebuilding Communities of Support in Urban Neighborhoods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleinbard, Peter

    2005-01-01

    The first ten New York City Beacons began operation in 1991 as a result of the recommendation of a commission appointed by then-mayor David N. Dinkins. Richard Murphy, commissioner of youth services, led the development and implementation. Michele Cahill served as a consultant in the design and created the Youth Development Institute (YDI) as part…

  7. Balancing Accountability and Local Control: State Intervention for Financial and Academic Stability. Policy Study No. 268.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seder, Richard C.

    States have used a variety of strategies to address financial and educational bankruptcy in public school districts and schools. The results of these intervention strategies are ambiguous. Four approaches that have been used are: (1) district takeovers; (2) mayoral control; (3) third-party partnerships; and (4) reconstitution of schools. In all,…

  8. Home Weatherization Visit

    ScienceCinema

    Chu, Steven

    2013-05-29

    Secretary Steven Chu visits a home that is in the process of being weatherized in Columbus, OH, along with Ohio Governor Ted Strickland and Columbus Mayor Michael Coleman. They discuss the benefits of weatherization and how funding from the recovery act is having a direct impact in communities across America.

  9. Using Incentives to Change How Teenagers Spend Their Time: The Effects of New York City's Conditional Cash Transfer Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Pamela; Aber, J. Lawrence; Wolf, Sharon; Berg, Juliette

    2012-01-01

    This report presents the results of an innovative study designed to provide a more detailed understanding of how parents and their teenage children were affected by the Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards program, a comprehensive conditional cash transfer program. The three-year program, launched by the Center for Economic Opportunity in the Mayor's…

  10. 76 FR 43194 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-20

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables...; Leffingwell, Mayor, City The Austin American- of Austin, P.O. Box Statesman. 1088, Austin, TX 78767....

  11. 75 FR 18084 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables...). November 3, 2009; Leffingwell, Mayor, City Austin American of Austin, P.O. Box Statesman. 1088, Austin,...

  12. Balancing Accountability and Local Control: State Intervention for Financial and Academic Stability. Policy Study No. 268.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seder, Richard C.

    States have used a variety of strategies to address financial and educational bankruptcy in public school districts and schools. The results of these intervention strategies are ambiguous. Four approaches that have been used are: (1) district takeovers; (2) mayoral control; (3) third-party partnerships; and (4) reconstitution of schools. In all,…

  13. Equity and States' Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe, Harold, II

    In this address the U.S. Commissioner of Education discusses the changing nature of the relationship of Federal, State , and local governments to education. He states that the increasing tendency of mayors, governors, and school superintendents to rely heavily on the Federal government for solutions to educational problems should be reversed. The…

  14. Music Education for Life: Core Music Education--Students' Civil Right

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuler, Scott C.

    2012-01-01

    Educators are obliged to stand up for children--to point out when the self-declared local "education emperor" (or mayor or governor) has no clothes. The so-called reform government has turned some local districts into a Wild West where schools share no common or sequential curriculum and all that matters is test scores. Music educators must join…

  15. Facebook-Driven Newark Overhaul Lurches Forward

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    What began as a swashbuckling move by the mayor of Newark, New Jersey, the state's governor, and a newly minted billionaire to reshape the beleaguered Newark school system has turned into a tangle of blowback and counterpunches as skeptics contend the plan would violate state law. At issue is the power-sharing arrangement proposed by the three…

  16. "Religion" in Educational Spaces: Knowing, Knowing Well, and Knowing Differently

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    I'Anson, John; Jasper, Alison

    2011-01-01

    The focus of this article is how "religion", as a materially heterogeneous concept, becomes mobilized in different educational spaces, and the "kinds of knowing" to which this gives rise. Three "case studyish" illustrations are deployed in order to consider how religion and education produce kinds of knowing which may--or may not--involve knowing…

  17. Fitting Information Presentation Formats to Decision-Making Strategies to Facilitate Decision-Making.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bybee, Carl R.

    A comparative analysis of two decision making strategies was conducted. One strategy compared alternatives on their best attributes for "the best payoff," while the other strategy called for accepting the first alternative that achieved all minimum cutoff values for all attributes. The subjects, 211 college students, selected a mayoral preference…

  18. New York City's Children First: Lessons in School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelleher, Maureen

    2014-01-01

    Under Mayor Michael Bloomberg, New York City's education system embarked on a massive change effort, known as Children First, that produced significant results: new and better school options for families, more college-ready graduates, and renewed public confidence in New York City's schools. New York City's reform effort has also produced…

  19. A Good Investment? Race, Philanthrocapitalism and Professionalism in a New York City Small School of Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Amy

    2012-01-01

    Incorporating data from two years of ethnographic teacher-research, this article explores how a curriculum of "professionalism" resonates with teachers and students in a small New York City school of choice. Using the literature on Critical Whiteness Studies and philanthrocapitalism in the context of New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg's…

  20. Estudio de NIH señala relación de la TC en la infancia con leucemia y cáncer de cerebro más tarde

    Cancer.gov

    Niños y adultos jóvenes a quienes se les hicieron exploraciones muchas veces con tomografía computarizada (TC), una herramienta de diagnóstico de uso frecuente, tienen un riesgo ligeramente mayor de padecer leucemia y tumores cerebrales en la década poste

  1. Pruebas de BRCA en pacientes jóvenes con cáncer

    Cancer.gov

    Pruebas de mutaciones genéticas fuertemente asociadas con un mayor riesgo de cáncer de seno han aumentado dramáticamente entre mujeres menores de 40 años diagnosticadas con la enfermedad, según un nuevo estudio.

  2. Evidence for Moving to K-8 Model Not Airtight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viadero, Debra

    2008-01-01

    When the mayor and public school officials in the District of Columbia unveiled plans last month for converting Washington's middle and elementary schools to a pre-K-8 model, system leaders seemed confident the change would be good for students. After all, the school system has plenty of company. Since the late 1990s, districts in a growing number…

  3. National Strategies and Regional Co-Operation for the 21st Century. Proceedings of the Regional Conference on Higher Education (Tokyo, Japan, 8-10 July 1997).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.

    This collection of papers begins with a preface by Victor Ordenez, followed by opening speeches by Federico Mayor, Tetsuo Misumi, Heitor Gurgulino de Souze, and Wichit Srisa-an, and a keynote address by Takashi Kosugi. Three working papers include: "The University of the Future" (Edgardo J. Angara); "Institutional Challenges, Responses and…

  4. A First Look at Community Schools in Baltimore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Linda S.

    2014-01-01

    In partnership with the Mayor of Baltimore City and Baltimore City Public Schools (City Schools), Family League of Baltimore (Family League) launched the Community & School Engagement Strategy in school year 2012-13. As part of that process, it intentionally aligned its existing Out of School Time (OST) activities with community schools…

  5. 32 CFR 1602.12 - Governor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Governor. 1602.12 Section 1602.12 National... Governor. The word Governor includes, where applicable, the Governor of each of the States of the United States, the Mayor of the District of Columbia, the Governor of Puerto Rico, the Governor of the...

  6. 32 CFR 1602.12 - Governor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Governor. 1602.12 Section 1602.12 National... Governor. The word Governor includes, where applicable, the Governor of each of the States of the United States, the Mayor of the District of Columbia, the Governor of Puerto Rico, the Governor of the...

  7. Welcome to the Jungle: The First 100 Days of a Superintendency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stellar, Art

    2011-01-01

    Presidents, governors and mayors are often publicly assessed on what they accomplish in their first 100 days in office. This is a traditional measuring stick for public officials. Starting off on the right foot also is viewed as a factor in how superintendents are remembered or whether there will be sufficient reasons for being remembered at all.…

  8. Sexual Exploitation of Children--A Problem of Unknown Magnitude. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Select Education, House Committee on Education and Labor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahart, Gregory J.

    This report contains the results of an extensive literature search by the General Accounting Office (GAO) on the subject of teenage prostitution and child pornography and federal, state and local efforts to deal with the problem. Also included are results of a survey of police departments and mayors' offices of the 22 largest U.S. cities and all…

  9. Educational Greenfield: A Critical Policy Analysis of Plans to Transform New Orleans Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torregano, Michelle Early; Shannon, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    New Orleans is known as a unique city. It is the birthplace of jazz, delicious food, and a "gumbo" of warm friendly people. On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina roared ashore, leaving death and destruction in her wake. New Orleans Mayor C. Ray Nagin recognized that rebuilding the city of New Orleans would be a daunting task; one that he believed…

  10. Transforming New York City's Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartholomew, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    In 2002, Michael Bloomberg, New York City's newly elected mayor, hoped to fix his city's public schools, which were widely perceived as plagued by a gamut of problems that ranged from low test scores to patronage-riddled schools and districts. A special bill approved by the New York State Legislature made Bloomberg solely accountable to the New…

  11. Greensburg, Kansas: A Better, Greener Place to Live (Revised) (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2009-10-01

    This Brochure is for Greensburg city leadership (Chamber of Commerce, Mayor's Office, and others) to use to attract visitors and businesses to Greensburg, and to ensure the city?s commitment to sustainability. Content includes EERE subject matter and mentions DOE's role in rebuilding. The layout is designed to be used as a template for other cities in similar situations.

  12. Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Anchorage.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldsmith, Scott; Frazier, Rosyland

    In the spring of 2001, the mayor of Anchorage (Alaska) created a task force to develop recommendations to help heal racism in Anchorage. A series of focus groups were held throughout the community to obtain an assessment of attitudes and opinions about the quality of life in Anchorage from the perspective of different racial groups and to solicit…

  13. Getting into the Game.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frase-Blunt, Martha

    1993-01-01

    Discusses how Hispanic athletes fare in professional sports. Lee Trevino, Pablo Morales, Mary Joe Fernandez, and Luis R. Mayoral discuss the importance of education, socioeconomic barriers to success, racism in sports, the adjustment of Hispanic athletes to U.S. culture, and planning for a career after sports. (LP)

  14. What's Next for Early Childhood Education in New York City? State, City Policy Makers Consider Agenda to Move toward More Integrated System of Early Care and Education. Forum Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child Care, Inc., 2007

    2007-01-01

    With a new governor in Albany and a brand-new interagency group working on early childhood policy in the Mayor's office, early childhood advocates across the city were already pondering what changes might be afoot--and whether the time had come for the city to move toward a more integrated, high-quality system of early care and education. Given…

  15. Promising Opportunities for Black and Latino Young Men: Findings from the Early Implementation of the Expanded Success Initiative. Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villavicencio, Adriana; Klevan, Sarah; Guidry, Brandon; Wulach, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, the New York City Mayor's Office, the Open Society Foundations, Bloomberg Philanthropies, and over 20 local agencies launched the Young Men's Initiative (YMI), a citywide effort to improve outcomes for Black and Latino young men in the areas of education, health, employment, and criminal justice. YMI is one of the single largest…

  16. Flaws and Failings: A Preliminary Look at the Problems Already Encountered in the Implementation of the District of Columbia's New Federally Mandated School Voucher Program. Special Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    People For the American Way, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This special report discusses the new federally mandated school voucher program in the District of Columbia, which is the first federally-funded voucher program in the country. The voucher program is being run by the U.S. Department of Education ("DOE") in cooperation with the Mayor of the District of Columbia, and administered by a private…

  17. Arts Education Quality Rubric and the "ArtsCounts" Initiative. IESP Policy Brief No. 01-09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In 1975, New York City found itself on the verge of bankruptcy, and newly-elected Mayor Abraham Beame was forced to enact massive cuts in the city's budget. Some of the hardest hit programs were arts education classes in the public schools--funding for programs in visual arts, dance, music and theater were slashed from the Board of Education's…

  18. Promising Opportunities for Black and Latino Young Men: Findings from the Early Implementation of the Expanded Success Initiative. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villavicencio, Adriana; Klevan, Sarah; Guidry, Brandon; Wulach, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, the New York City Mayor's Office, the Open Society Foundations, Bloomberg Philanthropies, and over 20 local agencies launched the Young Men's Initiative (YMI), a citywide effort to improve outcomes for Black and Latino young men in the areas of education, health, employment, and criminal justice. YMI is one of the single largest…

  19. Music Education for Life: Core Music Education--Students' Civil Right

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuler, Scott C.

    2012-01-01

    Educators are obliged to stand up for children--to point out when the self-declared local "education emperor" (or mayor or governor) has no clothes. The so-called reform government has turned some local districts into a Wild West where schools share no common or sequential curriculum and all that matters is test scores. Music educators must join…

  20. Becoming the Face of the Community for Public Education Reform in New York City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaakir-Ansari, Zakiyah

    2014-01-01

    In May 2013, this author moderated the first mayoral debate in New York City. It was held at New York University with hundreds of parents, students, and teachers in attendance. There were more than sixty media outlets, including MSNBC. The debate had attracted national press, thanks to Anthony Weiner's entry the day before into the New York…

  1. Practicing Politics: Female Political Scientists as Candidates for Elective Office

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrell, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    In 2007, University of Oklahoma political science professor Cindy Simon Rosenthal was elected mayor of Norman, Oklahoma, after having served as a member of its city council. Was her activity unique within the political science profession among female political scientists? Her election stimulated the curiosity of some of us in the…

  2. Group 7: Visiting Instruction Service (VIS) Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  3. Cómo interpretar los números: lo que verdaderamente nos dicen las estadísticas de los exámenes de detección del cáncer

    Cancer.gov

    Los estudios sobre los exámenes de detección del cáncer han mostrado que la realización de una mayor cantidad de exámenes no se traduce necesariamente en un menor número de muertes por cáncer. Este artículo explica cómo interpretar las estadísticas utilizadas para describir los resultados de los exámenes de detección.

  4. [The Caroline hospital on the Ratonneau island].

    PubMed

    François, Georges

    2011-01-01

    Yellow fever killed 20000 in Barcelona in 1821. In Marseilles, the mayor and other authorities are afraid and decide to build a new hospital in Ratonneau island. It will first be named after Princess Carolina, for dynastic reasons, then after Pr Proust. It will always be underused, and will close in the end in 1941 after an epidemic of typhus. PMID:21598576

  5. Indianapolis Plan Suggests Blueprint for Other Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2012-01-01

    An Indianapolis-based nonprofit organization has crafted a sweeping plan for reworking the 33,000-student Indianapolis school system that would place the district under the control of the city's mayor, pare down the money spent in central administration, and give principals broad authority to hire and fire teachers. The reform plan created by the…

  6. A Program of Leadership Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charitat, Mac

    1988-01-01

    The Chevron/Mayoral Fellowship program in New Orleans is described. The program provides private funding to support 30 selected high school students each summer in internships in city government agencies. Evaluation after three years has been positive and demonstrate the potential of a governmental/public/private educational program. (DB)

  7. Integration of Innovative Technologies for Enhancing Students' Motivation for Science Learning and Career

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xie, Yichun; Reider, David

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes the outcomes of an innovative technology experience for students and teachers (ITEST) project, Mayor's Youth Technology Corps (MYTCs) in Detroit, MI, which was funded by the NSF ITEST program. The MYTC project offered an integration of two technologies, geographic information system (GIS) and information assurance (IA), to…

  8. Equity-Driven Public Education: A Historic Opportunity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chatterjee, Oona

    2014-01-01

    The election of Mayor Bill de Blasio in November 2013 was a historic moment for proponents of student-centered, equity-driven public education. During the campaign, de Blasio ran on an agenda of ending New York City's "Tale of Two Cities" and elevated a comprehensive vision for improving the city's more than 1,800 public…

  9. Politician of the Year: Phil Bredesen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. Lifer, Evan

    1998-01-01

    Describes how Nashville (Tennessee) mayor Phil Bredesen has enlisted sports fans to help champion a $100 million overhaul of the city's library system. Discusses Internet filtering and balancing printed materials and technology. Highlights politicians from Illinois, Washington, Georgia, Texas, Rhode Island, and California who have increased…

  10. Estudio del NCI revela que la obesidad extrema puede acortar la esperanza de vida hasta en 14 años

    Cancer.gov

    Los adultos con obesidad extrema tienen mayor riesgo de morir a edad más joven por cáncer y muchas otras causas entre ellas, enfermedades cardíacas, accidentes cerebrovasculares, diabetes y enfermedades del hígado y los riñones, según estudio del NCI.

  11. Estudio de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud indica que quienes toman café tienen un riesgo meno

    Cancer.gov

    Los adultos mayores que tomaron café, con o sin cafeína, tuvieron un riesgo menor de muerte en general que quienes no tomaron café, según un estudio llevado a cabo por investigadores del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI), parte de los Institutos Naciona

  12. Transforming New York City's Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartholomew, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    In 2002, Michael Bloomberg, New York City's newly elected mayor, hoped to fix his city's public schools, which were widely perceived as plagued by a gamut of problems that ranged from low test scores to patronage-riddled schools and districts. A special bill approved by the New York State Legislature made Bloomberg solely accountable to the New…

  13. Education Reform in New York City: Ambitious Change in the Nation's Most Complex School System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Day, Jennifer A., Ed.; Bitter, Catherine S., Ed.; Gomez, Louis M., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Written in an accessible style by highly respected scholars, the papers in this volume document and analyze particular components of the Children First reforms, including governance, community engagement, finance, accountability, and instruction. The education reforms in New York City's public schools begun under the administration of Mayor…

  14. 76 FR 51361 - Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board, Northern New Mexico

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-18

    ... Taos, Mayor Darren Cordova; Approval of Agenda and July 27, 2011 Meeting Minutes. 1:30 p.m. Public... Nominating Committee (Section V, F. of NNMCAB Bylaws), Deb Shaw; ] Election of Chair and Vice Chair for.... Phone (505) 995-0393; Fax (505) 989-1752 or e- mail: msantistevan@doeal.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY...

  15. The #EduElection: Owning the Debate through Communications and Social Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vinocur, Julian

    2014-01-01

    For nearly a decade, New York City education groups organizing to improve education under Bloomberg could regularly be found protesting on the steps of City Hall. Before the 2013 mayoral race, a typical education protest would--at its best--earn media coverage from a couple of outlets. The fact that parents, students, and teachers rally for more…

  16. Waiver Given for New York Schools Chief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2010-01-01

    The author reports on a promise to name a chief academic officer as second in charge of the New York City schools which paved the way for Cathleen P. Black to succeed Joel I. Klein as the district's next chancellor. The compromise plan, announced amid intensifying debate over her selection by Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg, won a state waiver…

  17. Kidney Stones: What You Need to Know

    MedlinePLUS

    ... de ayudar a prevenir la mayoría de los tipos de piedras en los riñones. Debe beber entre ... Medicamentos Su médico puede recetarle medicamentos según el tipo de piedra en el riñón que tuvo y ...

  18. 76 FR 68325 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-04

    ... 12866 of September 30, 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132... seq.; Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR... 370476 Docket No.: B-1195). 04-3559P). March 17, 2011; The Taylor, Mayor, Town of Black Mountain...

  19. Build It Well and the Children Will Come

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Robert

    2009-01-01

    When District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) Chancellor Michelle Rhee announced that 23 under-enrolled DCPS buildings would close for the 2008/2009 school year, Kathy Padian, Vice President of Building Hope, began talks with the Deputy Mayor of Education in 2007. Building Hope works to close the educational achievement gap by giving students…

  20. 75 FR 81484 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ... 12866 of September 30, 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132... et seq.; Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR.... Max February 26, 2010 130057 6852P). March 19, 2010; Bacon, Mayor, City of Marietta Daily Smyrna,...

  1. New York State Appalachian Resource Studies; Community Facilities. Phase I: Inventory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egner & Niederkorn, Associates, Ithaca, NY.

    The results of questionnaires sent to mayors and supervisors in 113 "growth area communities" within the 14-county New York State Appalachian Region are summarized in this 1970 inventory of community resources. Information obtained from other sources is also reported; statistical data and observational data are compared; and recommendations are…

  2. Newport Geomagnetic Observatory

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    The Newport observatory dedication, 11 June 1966. Left to right: V. Adm H. Arnold Karo, Dep Adm. ESSA (Environmental Science Services Administration); US Senator Henry M. Jackson, Washington State; Mayor David Sherman, Newport, Washington; US Congressman Thomas S. Foley, 5th Dist., Washington; R. Ad...

  3. Municipal Leadership for Afterschool: Citywide Approaches Spreading across the Country

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spooner, Bela Shah

    2011-01-01

    This report presents the broadest look yet at a growing trend in America's cities: the emergence of city-led efforts to build comprehensive afterschool and out-of-school time (OST) systems that meet the needs of children and youth in their communities. Mayors and other municipal officials who have demonstrated leadership in this area are…

  4. Municipal Leadership for Afterschool: Citywide Approaches Spreading across the Country. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spooner, Bela Shah

    2011-01-01

    This executive summary presents the broadest look yet at a growing trend in America's cities: the emergence of city-led efforts to build comprehensive afterschool and out-of-school time (OST) systems that meet the needs of children and youth in their communities. Mayors and other municipal officials who have demonstrated leadership in this area…

  5. Building Relationships: A Symposium in Art Education Management (2nd, Flagstaff, Arizona, July 6-8, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brouch, Ginny, Ed.

    This symposium focused on art education management and the continuing efforts to build communication networks with professional colleagues in educational leadership positions throughout Arizona. The booklet provides the addresses of the keynote speaker and other invited guests. Opening remarks are made by: Chris Bavasi, Mayor of Flagstaff, AZ;…

  6. Newspaper Mug Shots, Readers Attitudes, and an Illinois Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John W.

    A study examining voter responses to mug shots in newspapers found that they have a significant effect on a candidate's success in an election. The study was conducted after an Alton, Illinois, newspaper featured a full-page article on five candidates running for mayor, all but one of whom appeared dressed in a suit in a professional "mug shot."…

  7. 77 FR 74856 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-18

    ... Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Final Notice. ] SUMMARY: New or modified Base (1% annual-chance) Flood Elevations (BFEs), base flood depths, Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) boundaries or zone..., 2012 040020 1249). (11-09-3783P). Presler, Mayor, City of Management Section, 211 Flagstaff, 211...

  8. Build It Well and the Children Will Come

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Robert

    2009-01-01

    When District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) Chancellor Michelle Rhee announced that 23 under-enrolled DCPS buildings would close for the 2008/2009 school year, Kathy Padian, Vice President of Building Hope, began talks with the Deputy Mayor of Education in 2007. Building Hope works to close the educational achievement gap by giving students…

  9. Scapegoating Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaker, Paul S.; Heilman, Elizabeth E.

    2008-01-01

    In their popular explanation of No Child Left Behind, journalists and other public voices claim that unruly and inefficient public schools are being brought under the control of effective central authorities by scientific, test-driven accountability. Other popular themes of reform in media include mayoral control of schools, non-educators as…

  10. 75 FR 82272 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables..., 2010; The Honorable Bob Lemon, January 14, 2011 481282 (09-06-3455P). September 16, 2010; Mayor,...

  11. Fumar relacionado con la mitad de cánceres de vejiga en mujeres

    Cancer.gov

    Los fumadores actuales de cigarrillos tienen un mayor riesgo de padecer cáncer de vejiga que lo que se informó anteriormente, y ahora el riesgo de las mujeres es comparable al riesgo de los hombres, de acuerdo a un estudio llevado a cabo por científicos d

  12. Designing New York's Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giles, David

    2012-01-01

    The genius of Mayor Bloomberg's plan to develop a new applied sciences campus in New York City is that it acknowledges the increasingly pivotal role of academic institutions as drivers of local economic growth. At a time when large corporations may not be the reliable job producers they were in the past and cities like New York badly need to…

  13. Collaborative Learning: An Alternative Approach to Adult Literacy Instruction. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philadelphia Mayor's Commission on Literacy, PA.

    The Philadelphia Mayor's Commission on Literacy undertook a project to develop and conduct collaborative training that would promote a more egalitarian relationship between teachers/facilitators and learners and greater learner input in the instructional planning process. A collaborative learning (CL) manual was developed, a 12-hour CL training…

  14. The Lion and the Lady Revisited: Another Look at the Firing of Mary L. Jones as Los Angeles Public Librarian in 1905.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiegand, Wayne A.

    1983-01-01

    Recounts events that led to the firing of Mary L. Jones, Director of Los Angeles Public Library (1905) and caught in public crossfire such figures as the mayor, city council, library board of directors, Charles Lummis (Jones's replacement), Susan B. Anthony, Anna Shaw, Herbert Putnam, and Melvil Dewey. (29 references) (EJS)

  15. Engaging Cities: How Municipal Leaders Can Mobilize Communities to Improve Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grady, Michael; Rothman, Robert; Smith, Hal

    2006-01-01

    More than at any time in our nation's history, mayors are playing an active role in mobilizing these local community and civic interests to act collectively on behalf of children and youth. These leaders see a vital link between their cities' capacity to prepare young people for successful adulthood and long-term civic vitality. More than any…

  16. The Bracey Report on the Condition of Public Education, 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracey, Gerald

    2009-01-01

    This year's Bracey Report identifies and discusses the research support for what the author considers to be three of the most important assumptions about how to reform public education: (1) High-quality schools can eliminate the achievement gap between whites and minorities; (2) Mayoral control of public schools is an improvement over the more…

  17. Urban Youth and School Pushout: Gateways, Get-aways, and the GED. Critical Youth Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Eve

    2011-01-01

    Recent efforts to reform urban high schools have been marked by the pursuit of ever-increasing accountability policies, most notably through the use of high-stakes standardized testing, mayoral control, and secondary school exit exams. "Urban Youth and School Pushout" excavates the unintended consequences of such policies on secondary school…

  18. Innovation and the City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleiman, Neil; Forman, Adam; Ko, Jae; Giles, David; Bowles, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    With Washington trapped in budget battles and partisan gridlock, cities have emerged as the best source of government innovation. Nowhere is this more visible than in New York City. Since taking office in 2002, Mayor Bloomberg has introduced a steady stream of innovative policies, from a competition to recruit a new applied sciences campus and a…

  19. Urban Youth and School Pushout: Gateways, Get-aways, and the GED. Critical Youth Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Eve

    2011-01-01

    Recent efforts to reform urban high schools have been marked by the pursuit of ever-increasing accountability policies, most notably through the use of high-stakes standardized testing, mayoral control, and secondary school exit exams. "Urban Youth and School Pushout" excavates the unintended consequences of such policies on secondary school…

  20. 77 FR 44498 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-30

    ... Executive Order 12866 of September 30, 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order....C. 4001 et seq.; Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR... 280286 1235). (11-04-4496P). 3, 2011, The DeSoto Mayor, City of Olive Times-Tribune. Branch, 9200...

  1. 76 FR 17 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-03

    ... 12866 of September 30, 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132... seq.; Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR...). 06-2706P). January 11, 2010; Mayor, City of Lubbock, Lubbock Avalanche- P.O. Box 2000,...

  2. 75 FR 29195 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-25

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables... 480452 06-2706P). January 11, 2010; Mayor, City of Lubbock, Lubbock Avalanche- P.O. Box 2000,...

  3. 75 FR 23593 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-04

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables...). November 23, 2009; Mayor, City of Lubbock, Lubbock Avalanche- P.O. Box 2000, Lubbock, Journal. TX...

  4. 75 FR 35682 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ... 12866 of September 30, 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132... et seq.; Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR...-2723P). November 23, 2009; Mayor, City of Lubbock, Lubbock Avalanche- P.O. Box 2000, Lubbock,...

  5. New York, New York.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurwitz, Sol

    1999-01-01

    New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani's recent private-school voucher proposal has strained his close collaboration with Chancellor Rudolf F. Crew. Shackled by its immensity and complexity, the system has too many failing schools and students. Higher Regents standards, disappearing principal tenure, and lagging school repairs may further erode public…

  6. 75 FR 18076 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... 12866 of September 30, 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132.... 4001 et seq.; Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3...: B-1044). (08-09-1552P). February 20, 2009; Mayor, City of Apple Apple Valley News. Valley,...

  7. Better Together: Building Local Systems to Improve Afterschool (A Conference Report)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummins, H. J.

    2013-01-01

    What happens when teams from 57 cities building afterschool systems gather to discuss two key system responsibilities--improving afterschool programs and using data for informed decision-making? Lots of rich discussion. This report covers a national afterschool conference held in February 2013. It details what mayors, program providers, system…

  8. Christel House Academy: The Art and Science of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Principal Leadership, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Christel House, a public school charter approved through the office of the mayor of Indianapolis, was founded in 2002 and continues to be supported by the children's charity Christel House International. To support the high expectations asked of students, Christel House recognizes the importance of motivating students and providing a program…

  9. Violence in America. Proceedings of the Southwest Regional Research Conference (Dallas, Texas, November 6-8, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Annette Zimmern, Ed.; Sullivan, Jane C., Ed.

    The conference reported in this document consisted of three symposia and eight workshops each concerned with a different area of violence in America. The document includes an introduction by Annette Zimmern Reed and opening remarks by Dallas mayor Starke Taylor and his wife, Carolyn Taylor. Information from the three symposia is given in the areas…

  10. One Step Forward--Half a Step Back: A Status Report on Bias-Based Bullying of Asian American Students in New York City Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In September 2008, Mayor Michael Bloomberg and former Schools Chancellor, Joel Klein announced Chancellor's Regulation A-832, which established policies and procedures on how New York City schools should respond to bias-based harassment, intimidation, and bullying in schools. The Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF), the…

  11. Breaking Away. The Future of Cities. Essays in Memory of Robert F. Wagner, Jr.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitullo-Martin, Julia, Ed.

    The death of Robert F. Wagner, Jr., the widely admired former deputy mayor of New York City, in 1993, halted collaboration on a planned book about solutions to urban problems. This collection, dedicated to his memory, takes up the legacy of the earlier book with discussion of the future of cities from the scholarly perspective, from the…

  12. Housing in Los Angeles: Affordable Housing for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Los Angeles Blue Ribbon Committee for Affordable Housing, CA.

    A 1988 mayoral committee assessed the seriousness of Los Angeles (California) housing problems and found that the city's housing efforts were sufficient in the 1960s, when the Federal Government took primary responsibility for housing and the average wage was adequate to support the cost of the average house or apartment. However, the following…

  13. Oversight Hearing on the Department of Labor's Implementation of the Job Training Partnership Act. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, Washington, DC, October 10, 1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    This report of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Employment concerns the implementation of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA). Witnesses addressed concerns about the program's allegedly unspent funds and the proposed funding cuts. Testimony was heard from William E. Brock, Secretary of Labor, and Raymond Flynn, Mayor of Boston,…

  14. The Renaissance of the American City: A Compendium of City Strategies Prepared for the Summit for Investment in the New American City (Washington, DC, April 4-5, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United States Conference of Mayors, Washington, DC.

    This compendium report presents papers on what mayors have done to revitalize their cities. These efforts have been concentrated on improving schools and educational outcomes, renewing strong neighborhoods, investing in infrastructure, improving public health facilities, and reducing crime. The reports include: "City of Akron: The Akron…

  15. Boston's Rapid Expansion of Public School-Based Preschool: Promoting Quality, Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sachs, Jason; Weiland, Christina

    2010-01-01

    In his 2005 State of the City address, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino directed the Boston Public Schools (BPS) to "provide all 4-year-olds in the city with full-day school within five years." There were several reasons for this commitment, including an emerging consensus that early childhood education makes a positive difference in long-term outcomes…

  16. 75 FR 1382 - Wireless Telecommunications Bureau Seeks Comment on Petition for Reconsideration or Clarification...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-11

    ...In this document, comment is sought on a December 17, 2009 petition for reconsideration or clarification (Petition) filed by the National Association of Telecommunications Officers and Advisors, the United States Conference of Mayors, the National League of Cities, the National Association of Counties, and the American Planning Association (Petitioner). The Petitioner asks the Federal......

  17. Focused Field Investigations for Sewer Condition Assessment with EPA SSOAP Toolbox - abstract

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Nation’s sanitary sewer infrastructure is aging, and it is currently one of the top national water program priorities, and is one of the top priorities of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency developed the Sanitary Sewer Overflow Analysis a...

  18. Stars and Bras: A Report from the Trenches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Anthony

    1990-01-01

    The president of the School of the Art Institute of Chicago discusses the history of and issues in two art exhibits at the institution, one in which a late mayor was depicted in a controversial manner and another in which the United States flag was displayed in an unusual way. (MSE)

  19. 77 FR 59955 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ... in a newspaper of local circulation, any person has ninety (90) days in which to request through the... determination information may be changed during the 90-day period. ADDRESSES: The affected communities are... 20, 2012... 125153 Island (12-04- Robert Minning, Building www.bakeraecom.com/ 2824P). Mayor, City...

  20. Understanding Impact Variation in Family Rewards: The Role of Schools and Neighborhoods on a Conditional Cash Transfer Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Sharon; Aber, J. Lawrence; Morris, Pamela A.

    2013-01-01

    In 2007, the Center for Economic Opportunity (CEO) in the Mayor's Office of the City of New York mounted the first holistic Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) initiative in an economically advanced, services rich jurisdiction. The initiative is known as Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards (henceforth "Family Rewards"). CCTs offer cash assistance…

  1. Drug Problem in Schools and Colleges. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Judiciary and Education of the Committee on the District of Columbia. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session on Drug Sales and Use among Students in High Schools and Colleges in the District of Columbia (September 23, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the District of Columbia.

    The text of a Congressional hearing on drug sales and use among students in high schools and colleges in the District of Columbia (D.C.) is presented in this document. An opening statement is given by Representative Mervyn M. Dymally. Statements are provided by these witnesses: (1) Thomas M. Downs, city administrator, deputy mayor for operations,…

  2. School, Community Leadership, and Election Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Ann

    2008-01-01

    This article examines how the political structure of school elections contributes to leadership perspectives related to school-community engagement. Interview data from school superintendents, school board presidents, and city mayors across four cities and two election types were analyzed to determine if differences in school election structure…

  3. Advancing STEM Career and Learning through Civic Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xie, Yichun

    2014-01-01

    The Mayor's Youth Technology Corps (MYTC)--Creating Safe Communities through Information Technology Training in Homeland Security Applications (2008-2012)--offered a collaboration of resources, supports, and opportunities for strengthening science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education efforts in an underserved community,…

  4. 40 CFR 310.15 - How do I apply for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... request reimbursement. If you submit your application late, you must include an explanation for the delay. We will consider late applications on a case-by-case basis. (c) Your application must be signed by the highest ranking official of your local government (for example, mayor or county executive), or...

  5. 40 CFR 310.15 - How do I apply for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... request reimbursement. If you submit your application late, you must include an explanation for the delay. We will consider late applications on a case-by-case basis. (c) Your application must be signed by the highest ranking official of your local government (for example, mayor or county executive), or...

  6. 40 CFR 310.15 - How do I apply for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... request reimbursement. If you submit your application late, you must include an explanation for the delay. We will consider late applications on a case-by-case basis. (c) Your application must be signed by the highest ranking official of your local government (for example, mayor or county executive), or...

  7. 40 CFR 310.15 - How do I apply for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... request reimbursement. If you submit your application late, you must include an explanation for the delay. We will consider late applications on a case-by-case basis. (c) Your application must be signed by the highest ranking official of your local government (for example, mayor or county executive), or...

  8. 40 CFR 310.15 - How do I apply for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... request reimbursement. If you submit your application late, you must include an explanation for the delay. We will consider late applications on a case-by-case basis. (c) Your application must be signed by the highest ranking official of your local government (for example, mayor or county executive), or...

  9. Group 11: School-Based Social Workers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  10. Group 8: Student Support Professionals. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  11. Community Colleges Join the Green Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ullman, Ellen

    2008-01-01

    Across the country, mayors, business owners, government workers, and labor leaders are saying it's time to push for a greener world. Community colleges are advancing the jobs of the future at a much faster rate than anyone else. To truly embrace sustainability, it must be integrated into all facets of the college: mission and planning, curricula,…

  12. El Nino Election. Grade 12 Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mac Donald, David R.; Karayan, Michael S.

    In this lesson plan, the city of Malibu (CA) is at the mercy of the weather phenomenon El Nino. The press secretary for the Mayor of Malibu recognizes an opportunity to turn this potential natural disaster into a re-election campaign. A task force will be assembled to protect the lives and property of the community. Students role play members of…

  13. The Human Mosaic Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gura, Mark

    1994-01-01

    Describes a New York City art teacher's successful efforts to encourage interracial harmony by having students transform the mayor's "human mosaic" campaign rhetoric into physical reality. Participation in the project begins with classroom discussions on ethnic groups and ends with a unity-through-diversity mosaic of 250 student-painted portraits…

  14. OPERATIONAL RETRIEVAL, THE BASIC EDUCATION COMPONENT OF EXPERIMENTAL AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS (E/D) FOR DISADVANTAGED YOUTHS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SEXTON, PATRICIA CAYO

    IN THIS STUDY OF EXPERIMENTAL AND DEMONSTRATION BASIS EDUCATION PROJECTS FOR DISADVANTAGED YOUTHS, VISITS WERE MADE TO THE JOB UPGRADING PROJECT (NORTH RICHMOND, CALIFORNIA), THE MAYOR'S YOUTH EMPLOYMENT PROJECT (DETROIT), THE LANE COUNTY YOUTH PROJECT (EUGENE, OREGON), JOB OPPORTUNITIES, THROUGH BETTER SKILLS (CHICAGO), THE YMCA…

  15. Fertile Soil for Charters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2008-01-01

    Mayor Cory A. Booker, a rising star in the Democratic Party nationally, has high hopes for the role education in general, and charters in particular, can play in efforts to revitalize this long-struggling city. He says that, eventually, he would like to see one-fourth of Newark's public school students attend high-performing charter schools. The…

  16. Better Together: Building Local Systems to Improve Afterschool (A Conference Report)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummins, H. J.

    2013-01-01

    What happens when teams from 57 cities building afterschool systems gather to discuss two key system responsibilities--improving afterschool programs and using data for informed decision-making? Lots of rich discussion. This report covers a national afterschool conference held in February 2013. It details what mayors, program providers, system…

  17. Community Colleges Join the Green Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ullman, Ellen

    2008-01-01

    Across the country, mayors, business owners, government workers, and labor leaders are saying it's time to push for a greener world. Community colleges are advancing the jobs of the future at a much faster rate than anyone else. To truly embrace sustainability, it must be integrated into all facets of the college: mission and planning, curricula,…

  18. Brawley Fault Zone Surface Fractures Across Road

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    Fresh surface fractures (black arrows) along Brawley Fault Zone and across Ralph Road in response to the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake; view to the north. Slight vertical component of slip (2 mm, up on east [right] side) more noticeable at white arrow....

  19. Cooper's Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oder, Norman

    2007-01-01

    A funny thing happened while the District of Columbia Public Library (DCPL), already suffering from deteriorated facilities and systems, slogged through stasis (and three interim directors) after the 2003 departure of Director Molly Raphael. Mayor Anthony Williams presided over the city's economic turnaround--or, some charged, cozied up to…

  20. 75 FR 29199 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-25

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables...; The Honorable William V. January 29, 2010 370086 04-4161P). February 12, 2010; Bell, Mayor, City...

  1. Focused Field Investigations for Sewer Condition Assessment with EPA SSOAP Toolbox

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Nation’s sanitary sewer infrastructure is aging, and it is currently one of the top national water program priorities, and is one of the top priorities of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed the Sanitary Sewer Overflow Anal...

  2. Focused Field Investigations for Sewer Condition Assessment with EPA SSOAP Toolbox - abstract

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Nation’s sanitary sewer infrastructure is aging, and it is currently one of the top national water program priorities, and is one of the top priorities of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency developed the Sanitary Sewer Overflow Analysis a...

  3. 78 FR 35307 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-12

    ...: Wayne (FEMA Docket No.: B- City of Taylor (12-05- The Honorable 23555 Goddard Road, May 30, 2013 260728 1306). 9857P). Jeffrey P. Taylor, MI 48180. Lamarand, Mayor, City of Taylor, 23555 Goddard Road, Taylor... Street, April 5, 2013 530194 B-1306). of Walla Walla Gregory A. Walla Walla, WA 99362. County...

  4. 78 FR 21136 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-09

    ... of Taylor (12- The Honorable 23555 Goddard http://www.starr- May 30, 2013 260728 05-9857P). Jeffrey P. Road, Taylor, MI team.com/starr/ Lamarand, Mayor, 48180. LOMR/Pages/ City of Taylor, RegionV.aspx. 23555 Goddard Road, Taylor, MI 48180. Minnesota: Lac Qui Parle City of Dawson (12- The Honorable...

  5. Mater Academy Charter Middle School: Consistent Expectations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Principal Leadership, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Mater Academy Charter Middle/High School is located in what was once a big box store in a commercial and industrial area of Hialeah Gardens, FL. The same energy that transformed a vacant store into a thriving campus for a grades 6-12 school is apparent in every classroom. Even the mayor of Hialeah Gardens credits the school with helping to…

  6. 40 CFR 62.2120 - Identification of plan-negative declaration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Identification of plan-negative declaration. 62.2120 Section 62.2120 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... plan—negative declaration. The Mayor of the District of Columbia submitted on May 29, 1980 a...

  7. 40 CFR 62.2120 - Identification of plan-negative declaration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Identification of plan-negative declaration. 62.2120 Section 62.2120 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... plan—negative declaration. The Mayor of the District of Columbia submitted on May 29, 1980 a...

  8. Monica Griesbach, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES CITY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Monica Griesbach, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL WEST ENTRANCE COURTYARD SHOWING GRILL AND INSCRIPTION OF "AD 1927 GEORGE E. CRYER, MAYOR," FACING EAST. - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  9. 77 FR 59767 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ... 12866 of September 30, 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132... seq.; Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR..., Mayor, The Chapel Hill Town of Chapel Hill, 405 Herald. Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard, Chapel...

  10. 77 FR 20994 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-09

    ... 12866 of September 30, 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132... seq.; Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR...; Thomas, Jr., Mayor, City The Coastal Courier. of Hinesville, 115 East Martin Luther King, Jr....

  11. 77 FR 44497 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-30

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables...-6903P). 30, 2011, The Kleinschmidt, Mayor, Chapel Hill Herald. Town of Chapel Hill, 405 Martin...

  12. Charter School Activist Gains New Influence in L.A.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Lesli A.

    2006-01-01

    Mr. Barr, a Democratic political organizer who turned charter school mogul, has waged a contentious, two-year campaign to persuade leaders in the nation's second-largest school system to let him run one or more troubled high schools. Mr. Barr, with Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, set to assume some control of the district on Jan. 1, 2007, where he may…

  13. 78 FR 45937 - Final Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-30

    ...-based studies: Community map repository Community address Mason County, West Virginia, and Incorporated... Mason Office of the Mayor, 656 2nd Street, Mason, WV 25260. Town of New Haven Town of New Haven City Hall, 218 5th Street, New Haven, WV 25265. Unincorporated Areas of Mason County... Mason...

  14. The Role of Community-Based Organizations in the College Access and Success Movement. Research to Practice Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coles, Ann

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, leaders of American cities have become progressively concerned about increasing the college-going and completion rate of their residents. Mayors and other community leaders in Memphis, Boston, Louisville, San Francisco and other cities have launched initiatives to increase college completion rates, mobilizing stakeholders from the…

  15. The Principals' Perspective of Sustainable Partnerships in New York City's New School Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Robert

    2010-01-01

    New York City's Mayor Michael Bloomberg and school's Chancellor Joel Klein made the creation of new schools an essential part of their Children First reform policy. In September 2002, 13 high schools opened replacing the lowest performing large high schools throughout the City. As of 2010, more than 400 new district and charter schools are in…

  16. The Louisiana Recovery School District: Lessons for the Buckeye State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Nelson

    2012-01-01

    Is it time for Ohio to take bolder steps toward turning around its most troubled schools and districts? If so, what might the alternatives look like? Options for rebooting these troubled schools have come in the form of mayoral control, state takeovers, market competition through charter schools and other choice programs, as well as millions of…

  17. The Principals' Perspective of Sustainable Partnerships in New York City's New School Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Robert

    2010-01-01

    New York City's Mayor Michael Bloomberg and school's Chancellor Joel Klein made the creation of new schools an essential part of their Children First reform policy. In September 2002, 13 high schools opened replacing the lowest performing large high schools throughout the City. As of 2010, more than 400 new district and charter schools are in…

  18. Violence in America. Proceedings of the Southwest Regional Research Conference (Dallas, Texas, November 6-8, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Annette Zimmern, Ed.; Sullivan, Jane C., Ed.

    The conference reported in this document consisted of three symposia and eight workshops each concerned with a different area of violence in America. The document includes an introduction by Annette Zimmern Reed and opening remarks by Dallas mayor Starke Taylor and his wife, Carolyn Taylor. Information from the three symposia is given in the areas…

  19. Doing More for More: Hispanic Issues for Texas and the Nation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cisneros, Henry

    This booklet reprints a speech presented by the Mayor of San Antonio, Texas about the immediate American future and the part that education can play in preparing for it. Demographic studies show that America in the year 2000 will be older and more ethnic. The projected increase in single parent families will produce more children in crisis due to…

  20. How We Know Collaboration Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anrig, Greg

    2015-01-01

    For the 12 years that Michael Bloomberg was mayor of New York City, the Big Apple was home to the nation's largest experiment in implementing the business model of education reform. The numbers of public school closings and new charter schools soared, while the high school student assignment system was overhauled to be driven by choice. By…

  1. Faltar a sesiones de radioterapia aumenta el riesgo de que regrese el cáncer

    Cancer.gov

    Pacientes que faltan a sesiones de radioterapia durante el tratamiento del cáncer tienen un riesgo mayor de que regrese su enfermedad, aun cuando eventualmente completen su plan de tratamiento con radiación, según un nuevo estudio.

  2. Third-Party Participation in the 1978 Teacher Negotiations in Philadelphia: The Politics of Bargaining.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Englert, Richard M.

    The 1978 contract negotiations between the teachers and the school board of Philadelphia were important enough to draw in four identified types of third party: government officials (notably the mayor), neutral mediators, community interest groups (representing political, financial, parental, and general public interests), and the news media. The…

  3. The Same Starting Line: How School Boards Can Erase the Opportunity Gap between Poor and Middle-Class Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darden, Edwin

    2011-01-01

    This project focuses on the policies and practices of school boards (or mayors or others who govern public schools), and how their priorities can make a tangible difference in the academic success of kids living in poor communities. Instead of focusing on deficits of poverty, the researchers wanted to stress school board action as an effective…

  4. Outlook. Number 286

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for American Private Education, 2003

    2003-01-01

    This issue of the monthly newsletter for the Council for American Private Education (CAPE) includes the following articles: (1) D.C. Mayor Williams Endorses School Choice Initiative; (2) CAPE Quick Stats; (3) Private School Parents Pleased with Schools; (4) Blacks, Hispanics Support Vouchers More Than Whites; (5) Supreme Court to Hear Blaine Case;…

  5. Integration of Innovative Technologies for Enhancing Students' Motivation for Science Learning and Career

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xie, Yichun; Reider, David

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes the outcomes of an innovative technology experience for students and teachers (ITEST) project, Mayor's Youth Technology Corps (MYTCs) in Detroit, MI, which was funded by the NSF ITEST program. The MYTC project offered an integration of two technologies, geographic information system (GIS) and information assurance (IA), to…

  6. Focused Field Investigations for Sewer Condition Assessment with EPA SSOAP Toolbox

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Nation’s sanitary sewer infrastructure is aging, and it is currently one of the top national water program priorities, and is one of the top priorities of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed the Sanitary Sewer Overflow Anal...

  7. Mater Academy Charter Middle School: Consistent Expectations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Principal Leadership, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Mater Academy Charter Middle/High School is located in what was once a big box store in a commercial and industrial area of Hialeah Gardens, FL. The same energy that transformed a vacant store into a thriving campus for a grades 6-12 school is apparent in every classroom. Even the mayor of Hialeah Gardens credits the school with helping to…

  8. More Power to Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lynn

    2007-01-01

    After a period of top-down control under the mayor, the New York City system is freeing schools to run their own affairs--and holding them accountable for results. This fall, for the first time, each of the district's 1,456 public schools gained unprecedented control over budgetary and instructional decisions that previously resided with the…

  9. Alzheimer's Disease: Burdens and Problems for Victims and Their Families. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (October 28, 1985, Elizabeth, NJ)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This document presents witness testimonies from the Congressional hearing called to examine the problem of Alzheimer's disease. Opening statements are included from Congressmen Rinaldo, Courter, and Saxton, and from Tom Dunn, the mayor of Elizabeth, New Jersey where the hearing was held. J. Richard Goldstein, New Jersey State Commissioner of…

  10. Securing the Future of New York's Children: Taking the Next Steps toward Truly Universal Prekindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rebell, Michael A.; Wolff, Jessica R.

    2014-01-01

    With the strong leadership of Governor Andrew Cuomo, solid support from the state legislature, the Regents, and the New York State Education Department, and the unwavering commitment of Mayor Bill de Blasio of New York City, New York State has made significant strides over the past year in expanding access to high-quality full-day prekindergarten…

  11. Welcome to the Jungle: The First 100 Days of a Superintendency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stellar, Art

    2011-01-01

    Presidents, governors and mayors are often publicly assessed on what they accomplish in their first 100 days in office. This is a traditional measuring stick for public officials. Starting off on the right foot also is viewed as a factor in how superintendents are remembered or whether there will be sufficient reasons for being remembered at all.…

  12. Resultado negativo de prueba del VPH es mejor predictor de riesgo bajo de cáncer de cuello uterino

    Cancer.gov

    De acuerdo con un estudio en el que participaron más de un millón de mujeres, los investigadores del NCI han determinado que el resultado negativo de una prueba para la detección del VPH proporciona mayor certeza o seguridad frente a riesgos futuros de cá

  13. 77 FR 3391 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-24

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables... 040017 (11-09-2096P). November 4, 2011; Mueller, Mayor, City of The Sierra Vista Sierra Vista, 1011...

  14. Practicing Politics: Female Political Scientists as Candidates for Elective Office

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrell, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    In 2007, University of Oklahoma political science professor Cindy Simon Rosenthal was elected mayor of Norman, Oklahoma, after having served as a member of its city council. Was her activity unique within the political science profession among female political scientists? Her election stimulated the curiosity of some of us in the…

  15. DeWitt Clinton and the Rise of Urban New York.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, David W.

    1990-01-01

    Traces the life and career of DeWitt Clinton, who served as mayor of New York City, governor of New York, and U.S. senator. Stresses that Clinton deeply impacted the state and nation as the founder of New York City's public schools, as an advocate of higher education for women, and as a major figure in building the Erie Canal. (NL)

  16. A Sociological Analysis of Differences in Student Motivation: A Case Study of Two School Districts in Texas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acevedo, Homero E.

    The perceptions of the school system held by selected 6th grade Chicano students, their parents, selected school personnel, and the power structure (i.e., superintendent, school board members, councilmen, mayor) were examined. Two Texas school districts of equal characteristics and size, with heavy Chicano enrollments were selected. In one, the…

  17. Summary Proceedings: The Conference on Electronic Text for Higher Education (San Diego, California, January 21-23, 1985). Report Number Eight of the Electronic Text Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appleman, Merrie, Ed.

    This report of the Conference on Electronic Text for Higher Education presents summaries of the principal presentations and discussions at each of eight sessions. Those sessions, with their presenters, include: (1) "Perspective: Electronic Text in Higher Education" (John Witherspoon, Mara Mayor); (2) "Theme and Variations: What Is Electronic…

  18. A Case for Day Care in Chicago: A Study of Families Using Not-for-Profit Day Care Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Syler, Murrell; Kemper, Patti Gregory

    This report is based on a survey undertaken by the Mayor's Office in Chicago to ascertain the effects of proposed HEW regulations for Title IV-A funds on the eligibility of families now using day care services in Chicago. The survey attempted to: (1) obtain actual profiles of the families currently using non-profit day care centers, (2) establish…

  19. How We Know Collaboration Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anrig, Greg

    2015-01-01

    For the 12 years that Michael Bloomberg was mayor of New York City, the Big Apple was home to the nation's largest experiment in implementing the business model of education reform. The numbers of public school closings and new charter schools soared, while the high school student assignment system was overhauled to be driven by choice. By…

  20. Anti-Gay Violence. Hearing on Anti-Gay Violence before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session (October 9, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Judiciary.

    This document presents witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to examine the issue of antigay violence. In his opening statement, Representative John Conyers, Jr. presents statistics which attest to a rise in antigay violence since the murders of San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor…

  1. New Demands Shape a Field in Transition. NACSA Monograph

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mead, Sara

    2012-01-01

    Charter schools have moved from being widely viewed as a marginal force in public education reform to taking on a central role in our national, state, and local debates around improving education. And a growing number of policymakers--including superintendents, mayors, governors, and even U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan--are using…

  2. Court Documents Related to Martin Luther King, Jr., and Memphis Sanitation Workers. The Constitution Community: Postwar United States (1945 to Early 1970s).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Douglas

    During inclement weather in Memphis, Tennessee in February 1968, two separate incidents caused black sanitation workers to strike for job safety, better wages and benefits, and union recognition. Mayor Henry Loeb was unsympathetic and opposed to the union. Martin Luther King agreed to lend his support to the sanitation workers and spoke at a rally…

  3. Orportunidades de Mejoramiento de la Ganaderia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Es muy comun escuchar la frase de que untoro contribuye en la produccion de becerros del ano, sin embargo es conceniente darles un mayor credito de valor en su contribucion en el conjunto de la retabilidad y productividad de un hato de cria. Ha sido estimado que la fertilidad es 10 veces mas import...

  4. Group 5: Itinerant English Language Learner (ELL) Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  5. Group 3: Special Education Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  6. Group 3a: Special Education Teachers--Autism Program. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  7. Group 2: Grades 1-12 General Education Teachers without Individual Value-Added Student Achievement Data. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  8. Group 3b: Special Education Teachers--Early Childhood Education. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  9. Group 4: Non-Itinerant English Language Learner (ELL) Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  10. Group 6: Shared Special Subject Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  11. Group 2a: Early Childhood Education Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  12. Group 1: General Education Teachers with Individual Value-Added Student Achievement Data. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  13. Successful Programs for At-Risk Youths.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everett, Charlie; Chadwell, Jason; McChesney, Jon C.

    2002-01-01

    Describes five successful, ongoing programs that were designed to change the behavior of at-risk youths, including: Drug Free Youth in Touch; At-Risk Programs Promoting Leisure Education; Youth-in-Action; the Mayor's Night Hoops Program; and Youth Outdoor Adventures. Interviews with program managers pointed to the marketing concept as the most…

  14. Developing Education Policy: A Cross-Stakeholder Effort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinberg, Phil; Sweet, Kim; Israel, Doug; Sullivan-Yuknis, Liz

    2014-01-01

    During the 2013 New York City mayoral race, the coalition A+ NYC--made up of community organizers, social service and advocacy groups, and other citywide and statewide groups--set out to ground the education conversation in research and proven practices. In a campaign called PS 2013, A+ NYC brought together education experts and practitioners as…

  15. National Strategies and Regional Co-Operation for the 21st Century. Proceedings of the Regional Conference on Higher Education (Tokyo, Japan, 8-10 July 1997).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.

    This collection of papers begins with a preface by Victor Ordenez, followed by opening speeches by Federico Mayor, Tetsuo Misumi, Heitor Gurgulino de Souze, and Wichit Srisa-an, and a keynote address by Takashi Kosugi. Three working papers include: "The University of the Future" (Edgardo J. Angara); "Institutional Challenges, Responses and…

  16. Cooper's Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oder, Norman

    2007-01-01

    A funny thing happened while the District of Columbia Public Library (DCPL), already suffering from deteriorated facilities and systems, slogged through stasis (and three interim directors) after the 2003 departure of Director Molly Raphael. Mayor Anthony Williams presided over the city's economic turnaround--or, some charged, cozied up to…

  17. Promising Opportunities for Black and Latino Young Men: Findings from the Early Implementation of the Expanded Success Initiative. Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villavicencio, Adriana; Klevan, Sarah; Guidry, Brandon; Wulach, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, the New York City Mayor's Office, the Open Society Foundations, Bloomberg Philanthropies, and over 20 local agencies launched the Young Men's Initiative (YMI), a citywide effort to improve outcomes for Black and Latino young men in the areas of education, health, employment, and criminal justice. YMI is one of the single largest…

  18. Promising Opportunities for Black and Latino Young Men: Findings from the Early Implementation of the Expanded Success Initiative. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villavicencio, Adriana; Klevan, Sarah; Guidry, Brandon; Wulach, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, the New York City Mayor's Office, the Open Society Foundations, Bloomberg Philanthropies, and over 20 local agencies launched the Young Men's Initiative (YMI), a citywide effort to improve outcomes for Black and Latino young men in the areas of education, health, employment, and criminal justice. YMI is one of the single largest…

  19. 11. Photocopy of Photograph (Courtesy of the Detroit Hockey Club, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Photocopy of Photograph (Courtesy of the Detroit Hockey Club, Detroit, Michigan). GROUNDBREAKING FOR ADDITION, JUNE 23, 1965. Left Sid Abel, Genral Manager of the Detroit Hockey Club Center - Jerome Cavanaugh, Mayor, City of Detroit Right - Nick Landis, General Manager of the Olympia Stadium - Olympia Arena, 5920 Grand River Avenue, Detroit, Wayne County, MI

  20. Youth Employment Act of 1979, Part 2. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities. Ninety-Sixth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 4465 and H.R. 4534.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    Proceedings are presented of hearings before the House Committee on Education and Labor on youth unemployment in the United States. Among those testifying before the hearings were (1) Mayor Tom Bradley on youth unemployment in large cities, (2) Mary Heagele, on the relationship of youth unemployment and the prison system, (3) Kenneth Hahn, on the…

  1. Media Leader Tapped to Head New York City Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2010-01-01

    When Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg sought a leader for the New York City schools in 2002, his outside-the-box choice was Joel I. Klein, a former assistant U.S. attorney general who had no experience as a school administrator. Eight years later, in seeking a replacement for Mr. Klein, Mr. Bloomberg has tapped yet another person from outside education:…

  2. The Long History of Labor Bashing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtenstein, Nelson

    2011-01-01

    When he was still President Obama's chief of staff, Rahm Emanuel, now mayor-elect of Chicago, famously quipped: "Never allow a crisis to go to waste." Republican governors in Wisconsin, New Jersey, Ohio, and other states have certainly taken that advice to heart. By emphasizing, and in some cases manipulating, the red ink flowing through so many…

  3. La Ciencia y el Laboratorio Científico de Marte - Duration: 31 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    el robot más nuevo fabricado para Marte es el Laboratorio Científico de Marte o Curiosity. ¡Se encuentra listo para deambular por el planeta rojo con el mayor y más avanzado conjunto de instrumento...

  4. 77 FR 73475 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    .../index.php/ 0828P). County Engineering alabama/mobile/. Commission, P.O. Department, 205 Box 1443, Mobile....bakeraecom.c Mayor, City of CO 80229. om/index.php/ Thornton, 9500 colorado/adams/. Civic Center Drive....php/ 0500P). Chairman, Adams Engineering colorado/adams/. County Board of Section, 4430...

  5. 78 FR 20937 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-08

    ...-04-6774P). Kenneth E. Engineering www.bakeraecom.com/ Gulley, Mayor, Department, 1800 index.php..., index.php/colorado/ City, 7887 East Commerce City, CO adams/. 60th Avenue, 80022. Commerce City, CO.... Henry, Chair, Public Works www.bakeraecom.com/ County (13-08- Adams County Department, 4430...

  6. 78 FR 52943 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ... www.bakeraecom.com/ City of Dothan North St. index.php/alabama/ ,P.O. Box 2128, Andrews, Dothan..., North St. index.php/alabama/ P.O. Box 2128, Andrews, Dothan, houston/. Dothan, AL 36302. AL 36303...-2273P). Strange, Mayor, Department, 25 www.bakeraecom.com/ City of Washington...

  7. 77 FR 73480 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    ..., AL 35126. index.php/alabama/ City Hall, 4410 jefferson-3/. Main Street, Pinson, AL 35126. Jefferson..., Courthouse, Land www.bakeraecom.com/ Jefferson County President, Development index.php/alabama/ (12-04-3890P....bakeraecom.com/ Mayor, City of Department, 205 index.php/alabama/ Mobile, P. O. Box Government mobile/....

  8. 78 FR 753 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-04

    ..., Utilities www.bakeraecom.co 0677P). Mayor, City of Department, 700 m/index.php/ Fort Collins, Wood Street..., Engineering www.bakeraecom.co County (12-08- Chairman, Larimer Department, 200 m/index.php/ 0677P). County... Hollywood m/index.php/ Hallandale Beach, Boulevard, florida/broward/. 400 South Federal Hallandale...

  9. 77 FR 47084 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-07

    ....php/alabama/ Atmore, City AL 36502. escambia/. Hall, 201 East Louisville Avenue, Atmore, AL 36502..., index.php/alabama/ 2355P). Escambia County AL 36426. escambia/. Board of Commissioners, P.O. Box 848........... 010104 04-2178P) Schmitz, Mayor, Department, www.bakeraecom.com/ City of Dothan, Engineering...

  10. 78 FR 43901 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-22

    ... 010125 04-8094P). David Miller, 9th Street, www.bakeraecom.c Mayor, City of Southeast, om/index.php... Street, om/index.php/ Thornton, 9500 Thornton, CO colorado/adams/. Civic Center 80241. Drive, Thornton.../index.php/ 0273P). County Board of 13th Street, colorado/boulder/ Commissioners, Suite 203, . P.O....

  11. 78 FR 47330 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-05

    ..., Stormwater www.bakeraecom.com/ 08-0083P). Mayor, City of Authority, 76 index.php/colorado/ Centennial... Donald Rosier, Department of www.bakeraecom.com/ Jefferson County Chairman, Planning and index.php....bakeraecom.com/ 0177P). Steamboat Steamboat index.php/colorado/ Springs, P.O. Springs, CO routt/. Box...

  12. 78 FR 20334 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-04

    ... index.php/alabama/ Gulf Shores, P.O. West 1st Street, baldwin/. Box 299, Gulf Gulf Shores, AL Shores, AL..., Mayor, Broadway Street, index.php/colorado/ City of Boulder, Boulder, CO 80302. boulder/. P.O. Box 791... and index.php/colorado/ 0863P). Jefferson County Zoning, 100 jefferson-5/. Board of Jefferson...

  13. 76 FR 76052 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables... (11-04-3579P). 5, 2011; The Sun- Mayor, Town of Hillsboro Sentinel. Beach, 1210 Hillsboro...

  14. 77 FR 20992 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-09

    ... and Review, 58 FR 51735. Executive Order 13132, Federalism. This interim rule involves no policies..., 1978 Comp., p. 329; E.O. 12127, 44 FR 19367, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 376. Sec. 65.4 0 2. The tables..., 2011 125101 Beach (12-04-0283P). December 9, 2011; Noland, Mayor, City of The Sun-Sentinel....

  15. 76 FR 52879 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-24

    ...; Natale, Mayor, City of The Commerce City Commerce City, 7887 East Sentinel Express. 60th Avenue, Commerce... of Thornton, 9500 Thornton Sentinel. Civic Center Drive, Thornton, CO 80229. Adams (FEMA Docket No... Thornton Sentinel. Board of Commissioners, 4430 South Adams County Parkway, Brighton, CO 80601....

  16. 77 FR 14419 - Notice of Meeting, National Capital Memorial Advisory Commission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-09

    ... Administration. Chairman, National Capital Planning Commission. Chairman, Commission of Fine Arts. Mayor of the..., General Services Administration, (the Administrator) on policy and procedures for establishment of, and... available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal...

  17. 77 FR 59953 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ..., 2012..... 421913 Marlborough (12-03- Smith, Chair, Municipal team.com/lomrs.htm. 0885P). Township of....rampp- November 16, 2012.... 480045 (12-06-0838P). Julian Castro, 114 West Commerce team.com/lomrs.htm....... 480045 Antonio, (12-06- Julian Castro, 114 West Commerce team.com/lomrs.htm. 1638P). Mayor, City...

  18. Distribution of fallout and environmental radionuclides in ice-free areas of King George Island (Western Antarctica)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castillo, Alejandra; Schuller, Paulina; Dercon, Gerd; Nguyen, Minh-Long; Navas, Ana; Ramírez, Paola; López, César

    2013-04-01

    Climate change is progressing at a rate which is several times the global average in Western Antarctica. The Antarctic Peninsula region has experienced a rise of ca. 3°C for surface air temperature over the last 50 years; and 87% of 244 glaciers along the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula have retreated in the last 50 years. Examining the impacts of climate change in Antarctic landscapes, in particular in the soils at the foot of retreating glaciers, can provide a better understanding of the future impacts of climate change on landscape dynamics (including land degradation and resulting changes in land, water and ecosystem quality) in the higher mountainous cold regions of the world. In this paper, results of an exploratory assessment of soil movement and identification of sediment sources and sediment sinks by investigating the distribution of fallout (FRN's) and environmental radionuclides (ERN's) in ice-free areas of King George Island (Western Antarctica) are discussed. This assessment has been carried in the context of an Instituto Antártico Chileno project, and supported by the IAEA Technical Cooperation, studying land degradation in the cold regions of South America. To this purpose soil profiles were sampled at depth increments at three different control sites. In addition, topsoil (0-1 cm depth) samples were collected from areas identified as potential soil sources and from others identified as sinks of sediments. The soil profiles at the control sites showed distinctive patterns in the depth distribution of the FRN's and ERN's. The 137Cs and 210Pbex activity mass concentration (Bq kg-1) were highest in the topsoil and penetration depth was less than 8 and 25 cm, respectively. The depth distribution of 226Ra and 232Th in the soil profiles was quite homogeneous and greater variation was found for 40K and 238U, possibly related to differences in the mineralogical composition of soils. Average mass activity values of 137Cs and 210Pbex at the source areas were significantly lower than those found at sink areas, suggesting that processes of soil movement are relatively important. The knowledge gained with this research provided baseline information to establish future sampling strategies intended to ensure minimal intervention in the environment. Furthermore, the values of the areal activity density (Bq m-2) of 137Cs, 210Pbex and 7Be in soils and sediments proved the potential for using FRN's to study the redistribution of soil and sediments associated to the process of glacier retreat.

  19. City of Chicago Brownfield case study

    SciTech Connect

    Gordon, K.J.; Anderson, S.W.; Albano, J.M.

    1995-12-31

    Dealing with complex environmental issues frequently inhibits redevelopment of industrial sites in urban settings. In 1993, the City of Chicago (City) Department of Planning and Development, Department of Buildings, and Mayor`s Office joined the Department of Environment to investigate reuse of former industrial/commercial properties (brownfields) suspected of environmental or industrial contamination. The collective result is the Brownfield Program, a three-pronged initiative: Brownfield Pilot Program, Brownfield Forum, and Brownfield Research. Black and Veatch Waste Science, Inc. (Waste Science) carried the Brownfield Program forward by performing a Phase 1 environmental site assessment for the City on one of five pilot sites. Waste Science subsequently completed a Phase 2 environmental site assessment and Phase 3 site remediation at the site. Waste oil and PCB-contaminated soil was removed.

  20. Bikes, helmets, and public health: decision-making when goods collide.

    PubMed

    Bateman-House, Alison

    2014-06-01

    How ought public officials address policy choices that entail trade-offs between desirable public health goods? Increasing cycling improves public health both by promoting physical activity and by decreasing vehicle use, thus reducing vehicular emissions. Proponents of bicycle helmets argue that, used properly, they protect individual cyclists; however, there is concern that mandating helmet use may result in a decrease in cycling. In 2012, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg opposed a bicycle helmet mandate, concerned that it would have a negative impact on the city's cycling rate, which he had sought to increase. The mayor did not explain his rationale, leaving constituents unsure why he opposed the proposal. This case study underscores the challenge of creating public policy in the context of competing public health goods. PMID:24825196

  1. PubMed

    Barrantes-Monge, Melba; Rodríguez, Eduardo; Lama, Alexis

    2009-01-01

    Existen prejuicios en relación con la vejez, incluso entre los profesionales que se dedican a la gerontología. Uno común y peligroso es considerar que los viejos son todos enfermos o discapacitados.La relación médico-paciente es la piedra angular de la práctica y ética médicas. Para alcanzar el respeto por los adultos mayores es necesaria una medicina prudente, basada en una práctica en la cual la reflexión ética y clínica pueda contribuir. Esto último es posible si se hacen valer los derechos del adulto mayor, en particular como paciente para la toma de decisiones. PMID:20379380

  2. More carrots than sticks: Antanas Mockus's civic culture policy in Bogotá.

    PubMed

    Buendía, Felipe Cala

    2010-01-01

    The son of a Lithuanian artist, Antanas Mockus was the president of the National University in Colombia before he became mayor of Bogotá in 1995. As mayor, he transformed the city into a huge classroom, not only bringing to his administration a new view of governing but also transforming the way people exercised their citizenship. Mockus resorted to a creative communicative and pedagogical effort to change the citizens' hearts and minds in favor of peaceful coexistence and legal compliance. Symbols, metaphors, and humor became the language through which the administration would enforce its measures to deal with urban violence. Unconventional techniques, such as a symbolic vaccine against domestic violence and the use of mimes to control traffic circulation and create a sense of shame among those who committed infractions, helped to stop crime and develop a new sense of citizenship. PMID:20391615

  3. Magnetic Properties and Archeointensity Determination of Selected Mesoamerican Potteries (300 A.C to 1500 D.C.)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez Ceja, M.; Gogichaishvili, A.; Morales Contreras, J. J.; Manzanilla Naim, L.; Chauvin, A.; Urrutia Fucugauchi, J.

    2008-05-01

    In spite of abundant archeological material available in Mexico, archeomagnetic studies are extremely scarce. In this work, we conducted systematic archeointensity measurements on some well-known archeological sites in central and eastern Mexico (e.g., Teotihuacan, Templo Mayor among others) to contribute to the relative and absolute chronology of Mesoamerica. Our sampling strategy was guided largely by Linda Manzanilla's detailed study of two of the most important archeological sites in Central Mexico, Teotihuacan, and Templo Mayor, since we sampled only materials that are already studied and provide more or less coherent archeological ages. Moreover, we incorporated data from some Mexican lava flows that erupted during historic times in order to extend the archeointensity master curve for Mexico and Mesoamerica to the present.

  4. Infección por VIH y el riesgo de cáncer

    Cancer.gov

    Hoja informativa que describe el mayor riesgo de ciertos tipos de cánceres que presentan las personas con infección por VIH. Dichos cánceres son el sarcoma de Kaposi, los linfomas de Hodgkin y no Hodgkin, y los cánceres de ano, de cérvix, de hígado y de pulmón. Trata también de lo que las personas con infección por VIH pueden hacer para reducir su riesgo de cáncer o para detectar temprano la enfermedad.

  5. Government Program Briefing: Smart Metering

    SciTech Connect

    Doris, E.; Peterson, K.

    2011-09-01

    This document is adapted and updated from a memo delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in March 2008. This briefing piece provides an overview of the benefits, costs, and challenges of smart metering.

  6. Detail of plaque beneath column on the south parapet at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of plaque beneath column on the south parapet at the west end of the bridge. The plaque reads ?1914; Mayor E.J. Drussel; Councilmen E.S. Henry, E.F. Hogan, R.P. Lamdin, C.F. Ross, J.H. Shuppert; Leonard & Day, Engineers; C.H. Gildersleeve, Builder.? - First Street Bridge, Spanning Napa River at First Street between Soscol Avenue & Juarez Street, Napa, Napa County, CA

  7. In San Antonio, Pre-K Initiative Sets Steep Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair, Julie

    2013-01-01

    Most Texans would rather sell a favorite horse than vote for a tax hike that promises bigger government. Yet San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro has not only persuaded his constituents to spend $248 million to pay for an unusual and ambitious preschool program for poor 4-year-olds, but he is also going to open doors in August--a mere nine months after…

  8. Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans

    SciTech Connect

    Doris, E.

    2011-09-01

    This document is adapted from a memo and report delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in 2008. The report outlines ideas for and potential impacts of various green building policies in New Orleans in the years following Hurricane Katrina.

  9. El Informe a la Nación sobre el Estado del Cáncer, 1975-2012

    Cancer.gov

    El Informe a la Nación sobre el Estado del Cáncer (1975-2012) indica que continuó la baja de tasas de mortalidad de todos los cánceres juntos, así como de la mayoría de los cánceres en hombres y mujeres de todos los grupos raciales y étnicos principales.

  10. 77 FR 26025 - Notice of Intent To Prepare a Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the HOPE SF Development at...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-02

    ...This provides notice to the public, agencies, and Indian tribes that the City and County of San Francisco's Mayor's Office of Housing (MOH), as the Responsible Entity in accordance with 24 CFR 58.2(a)(7), intends to prepare a Draft Environmental Impact Report/ Environmental Impact Statement (EIR/EIS) for the HOPE SF Development at the Potrero Terrace and Potrero Annex Public Housing......

  11. 77 FR 68803 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the HOPE SF Development at...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ...The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) gives notice to the public, agencies, and Indian tribes that the City and County of San Francisco's Mayor's Office of Housing (MOH) as the Responsible Entity in accordance with 24 CFR 58.2, intends to prepare a Draft Environmental Impact Report/Environmental Impact Statement (EIR/ EIS) for the HOPE SF Development at the Sunnydale and......

  12. Financing Public Education in New York City and the Rest of the State. IESP Policy Brief No. 01-11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Debraggio, Elizabeth; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna

    2011-01-01

    New York City (NYC) is home to the largest school district in the U.S., with over one million students and more than 1,600 schools. While it is only one of approximately seven hundred school districts in New York State (NYS), the city educates about one-third of the state's students. In recent work examining school finance during Mayor Bloomberg's…

  13. [Psychiatrists and psychiatrc hospitals. From asylum to community].

    PubMed

    Stagnaro, Juan Carlos

    2006-01-01

    The asylum, the madhouse, the hospital for insane patients, the psychiatric hospital, whenever were the names given to these institutions in the XIX th century psychatric literature, have made a mayor contribution to the definition of the psychiatry as a medical speciality. The legacy of the origins of the psychiatry as a speciality may be found at each stage of its historical evolution, articulate with the theoretical and clinical innovations. PMID:16550244

  14. Patient Satisfaction: What We Can Learn from Other Industries.

    PubMed

    Homisak, Lynn; Baum, Neil

    2015-01-01

    Most doctors are appreciated by their patients, and most patients are satisfied with the care they receive from their doctors. However, how many doctors are reaching out and asking, as New York's former Mayor Koch often did, "Hey, how am I doing?" This article reviews two examples of effective methods used by other industries to gather data and evaluate customer satisfaction, and provides ideas and suggestions to measure patient satisfaction in a medical practice. PMID:26223116

  15. Mejoras en la exactitud del reloj de ángulo horario del telescopio de 2,15 mts de CASLEO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aballay, J. L.; Pereyra, P. F.; Marún, A. H.

    Para aumentar la exactitud en el control del ángulo horario del telescopio, se está implementando el uso de un reloj con una precisión de 1/100 seg. En conjunto con el encoder que otorga la posición con un acierto de 0,012 seg. de arco, se podrá implementar otro dígito en el reloj de ángulo horario con la posibilidad de ver las décimas. Esto, sumado a la precisión ya lograda en declinación, permitirá realizar offsets con mayor exactitud.

  16. 51. Owsley Block, 43 East Park, 1889. This building features ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    51. Owsley Block, 43 East Park, 1889. This building features projecting bay window units, and curved balconies on the upper two floors, and modernized storefronts at the ground level. It was built for William Owsley, who served a Mayor of Butte 1884-1885. It originally had two storefronts, with lodgings and meeting rooms for clubs above. - Butte Historic District, Bounded by Copper, Arizona, Mercury & Continental Streets, Butte, Silver Bow County, MT

  17. Seniors' Health - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

    MedlinePLUS

    ... JavaScript. Spanish (español) Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) Spanish (español) Salud de las personas mayores Vietnamese (Tiếng Việt) Aging, Medicines and Alcohol Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese) Bilingual PDF Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Characters not displaying correctly on ...

  18. Bailly, Jean Sylvain (1736-93)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Astronomer and politician, born in Paris, studied Halley's comet and the satellites of Jupiter, wrote Histoire de l'Astronomie. Guillotined as the result of an incident when, as Mayor of Paris during the Revolution in 1789, he let the National Guard fire on republican crowds. Unfortunately not the only astronomer to be executed—see ARCHIMEDES, GIORDANO BRUNO, HYPATIA OF ALEXANDRIA, ULUGH BEG, who...

  19. First hundred years of research on western Atlantic coral reefs 1850-1950

    SciTech Connect

    Ginsburg, R.N.

    1985-01-01

    The history of research on coral reefs of the Western Atlantic is the history of geology for the same period write small. The inter-related, pioneer researchers were led by the Agassizs, Louis and his son Alexander, who explored and described reefs in Florida and the Bahamas. Among their followers were Alfred G. Mayor the founder-director and premier researcher of the Carnegie Laboratory in the Dry Tortugas; C.F. Hartt who first described southernmost reefs off Brazil; Louis Pourtales whose dredging off the Florida coast stimulated interest in organic limestones; and T. Wayland Vaughan whose research ranged from coral biology to the regional geology and history of reefs. The initial 19th century research was sparked by a combination of practical and scientific questions and the what and where of exploration. To build lighthouses on the wreck-strewn Florida reefs one needs to know their foundations. Is the present-day Florida platform a result of reef growth during subsidence a la Darwin or are the reefs merely icing on a limestone cake. In the second phase of research extending from the early 1900's to 1940's, the singular aspects are two dynamic researchers, Alfred Mayor and T. Wayland Vaughan and the Carnegie Institution's Marine Biology Laboratory in the Dry Tortugas. Mayor through his own biological research and his stimulations of other scientists made the Carnegie Laboratory the world center for reef research. Vaughan pioneered connections between reef-building corals, reef deposits and their logical record.

  20. Engagement in the electoral processes: Scaling laws and the role of political positions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mantovani, M. C.; Ribeiro, H. V.; Lenzi, E. K.; Picoli, S., Jr.; Mendes, R. S.

    2013-08-01

    We report on a statistical analysis of the engagement in the electoral processes of all Brazilian cities by considering the number of party memberships and the number of candidates for mayor and councillor. By investigating the relationships between the number of party members and the population of voters, we have found that the functional forms of these relationships are well described by sublinear power laws (allometric scaling) surrounded by a multiplicative log-normal noise. We have observed that this pattern is quite similar to those we previously reported for the relationships between the number of candidates (mayor and councillor) and population of voters [Europhys. Lett.EULEEJ0295-507510.1209/0295-5075/96/48001 96, 48001 (2011)], suggesting that similar universal laws may be ruling the engagement in the electoral processes. We also note that the power-law exponents display a clear hierarchy, where the more influential is the political position the smaller is the value of the exponent. We have also investigated the probability distributions of the number of candidates (mayor and councillor), party memberships, and voters. The results indicate that the most influential positions are characterized by distributions with very short tails, while less influential positions display an intermediate power-law decay before showing an exponential-like cutoff. We discuss the possibility that, in addition to the political power of the position, limitations in the number of available seats can also be connected with this changing of behavior. We further believe that our empirical findings point out to an under-representation effect, where the larger the city is, the larger are the obstacles for more individuals to become directly engaged in the electoral process.

  1. Effects of hydrothermal alteration on the magnetic properties of rocks : case studies for stratabound and porphyry copper deposits of chile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Townley, B.; Roperch, P.; Astudillo, N.; Tassara, A.

    2003-04-01

    In nature, the great mayority of metallic ore deposits are of hydrothermal origin, hence they present a mayor or minor degree of associated hydrothermal alteration. Alteration is metasomatic and affects the mineralogical and chemical composition of the host rock, be it by replacement of host rock minerals or by crystallization of hydrothermal minerals. Many types of hydrothermal alteration associations exist for many types of metallic ore deposits, depending upon factors such as composition and thermodynamic characteristics of hydrothermal fluids, lithology and permeability of host rock, temperature and depth of emplacement, among others. These processes of hydrothermal alteration, understood in terms of partial to total metasomatism, affect in a mayor to minor degree the "ferromagnetic" (sensus latus) minerals and/or generate "ferromagnetic" minerals, in such case that the magnetic properties of the rock are affected. This concept is dealt in exploration by use of magnetic surveys at a practical level: the effects of hydrothermal alteration, being of local scale, must present contrast of magnetic properties (susceptibility and remanent magnetization) with respect to the hosting country rock. This being true, does not take into consideration the magnetic properties of rocks at a mineral scale, observeable constrast of magnetic surveys much dependant of scale and detail of data (ie. aeromagnetic survey vs. ground survey). A study of the particular magnetic properties associated with different types of alteration was done for two stratabound copper deposits (Carolina de Michilla and Mantos Blancos, northern Chile) and for the giant porphyry copper deposits Chuquicamata (northern Chile) and El Teniente (central Chile). The objetives were to determine the effects of hydrothermal alteration on "ferromagnetic" minerals. Preliminary results of these effects and relationships are presented, with a brief discussion on the implications of magnetic property contrast due to locallized changes of magnetic susceptibility and remanence, in terms of exploration magnetic surveys and scale at which contrast can actually be detected.

  2. Paleomagnetism of Permo-Triassic and Cretaceous rocks from the Antofagasta region, northern Chile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narea, K.; Peña, M.; Bascuñán, S.; Becerra, J.; Gómez, I.; Deckart, K.; Munizaga, F.; Maksaev, V.; Arriagada, C.; Roperch, P.

    2015-12-01

    New paleomagnetic data from Permo-Triassic and Late Cretaceous rocks yield a consistent trend of vertical-axis-tectonic-rotations which are consistent with the Central Andean Rotation Pattern (CARP). However, three sites in the Tuina Formation and one site in the Purilactis Group record large rotations (80°). These mayor rotations are probably due to dextral-transpressive deformation occurring in close relation with the Incaic tectonic phase. Consequently, it is possible to infer that previous tectonic phases Peruvian and K-T would not have produced significant tectonic rotations in the area.

  3. From protest to programs: neighborhood associations in a Brazilian municipality.

    PubMed

    Ferguson, B W

    1992-01-01

    The examples of community participation and organization in Brazil reflect the benefits to health and education programs and land entitlement. The community and government were working together toward self-improvement. An alliance was formed between neighborhood groups and a reform mayor. The result was an end to clientelism, stronger community organization, and local participation in designing and implementing development programs. The neighborhood groups were located in Cambe, which is a region located within the metropolitan area of Londrina, the 3rd largest city in southern Brazil. Mechanization of agriculture and extensive cattle ranching had caused migration into the area. Population increased 60% during the 1980s. The poorest neighborhoods were Jardim Tupy, Santo Amaro, and Novo Bandeirantes. Jardim Tupy was the poorest, and in 1980 a neighborhood association was formed to demand infrastructure and public services. The clientelism mayor and national government refused aid. When the association sued over a motor vehicle accident involving farm workers living in the community and won, there was momentum to change city hall. Support was given to the reform mayor who won and agreed to community demands for a community garden. The garden became a model for 14 others in Cambe and led to a strong neighborhood association which learned the strength of unity. The mayor rewarded good neighborhood organization with increases in public goods and services. The Catholic Church became involved in Jardim Tupy with a Pastoral of the Child program to reduce infant and child mortality rates. Health improvements in the community are attributed to the neighborhood association, the Pastoral of the Child, the local Catholic parish, and a thaw in the relationship with local government. The residents learned the limits of local government and the lessons of self-help. Santo Amaro, while not as well organized as Jardim Tupy, was successful at overcoming the lack of resources. novo Bandeirantes was successful in direct action to design and implement public programs. This involved survey in the socioeconomic conditions of the neighborhood, obtaining funding for and building latrines, and helping landholders gain title to their lands. PMID:12286184

  4. Ground Breaking Ceremony for the Alabama Space Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1968-01-01

    Ground breaking ceremony for the Alabama Space Science Center, later renamed the U.S. Space and Rocket Center. Shown in this picture, left to right, are Edward O. Buckbee, Space Center Director; Jack Giles, Alabama State Senator of Huntsville; Dr. Wernher on Braun, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director; Martin Darity, head of the Alabama Publicity Bureau (representing Governor Albert Brewer); James Allen, former Lieutenant governor, chairman of the Alabama Space Science Exhibit Commission; Major General Charles Eifler, commanding general of the Army Ordnance Missile Command; and Huntsville Mayor Glenrn Hearn. (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)

  5. STS-1 crew, State and White House dignitaries during crew return at Ellington

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    Astronaut Robert L. Crippen, center, addresses a large turnout of greeters at Ellington Air Force Base following return of Columbia's crew from Dryden. Astronaut John W. Young stands near his wife Suzy at right center. Crippen's wife Virginia and children are standing behind the Youngs on the platform. Others seen include Presidental aids Jim Baker, Houston Mayor Jim McConn, NASA Administrator (acting) Alan M. Lovelace, John F. Yardley, associate administrator for Space Transportation Systems; Dr. Crhisotpher C. Kraft, Jr. JSC Director; flight directors Neil B. Hutchinson, Charles L. Lewis and Donald R. Puddy and Robert F. Thompson, Manager of Space Shuttle Program Office.

  6. Cambios históricos en el aporte terrígeno de la cuenca del Río de la Plata sobre la plataforma interna Uruguaya

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marrero, Analía; Tudurí, Adriana; Pérez, Laura; Cuña, Caroline; Muniz, Pablo

    2014-12-01

    El Río de la Plata (RdlP) presenta significativas variaciones naturales (hidrodinámicas y oceanográficas) asociadas a diferentes condiciones climáticas. El propósito de este trabajo es inferir los cambios de aportes continentales de sedimentos y su relación con las variaciones hidrológicas del Río de la Plata, a través del análisis de proxies sedimentológicos y geoquímicos en testigos de sedimentos de la plataforma interna uruguaya que registran los últimos 100 años, aproximadamente. A partir de la datación por 210Pb de dos testigos de sedimentos (GeoB 13813-4 y BAR1) se reconstruyó la geocronología del ambiente, y se relacionó con datos de las forzantes climáticas Pacific Decadal Oscillation, El Niño/La Niña Southern Oscillation, Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, y las anomalías hidrológicas de los ríos Paraná y Uruguay. Los valores más positivos y estables del Southern Oscillation Index, los cuales corresponden a fases La Niña, se observan en el periodo correspondiente entre 1910-1970, respecto al resto de la serie, donde se aprecia una mayor variabilidad y una tendencia hacia valores más negativos (eventos El Niño). Se hicieron dendrogramas (clustering) jerárquicos para ambos testigos. Para el testigo GeoB 13813-4, se utilizó la relación Ca/Ti y la granulometría, mientras que para BAR1 se recurrió a variables granulométricas y la tasa de sedimentación. El mayor aporte continental hacia la región de la plataforma adyacente al Río de la Plata registrado a partir del año 1970, podría ser el factor principal de los agrupamientos observados en los clusters para ambos testigos. Las agrupaciones mostraron una diferenciación en la década de 1970, lo que estaría asociado al aumento de los caudales de los ríos Paraná y Uruguay, durante las últimas tres décadas del siglo XX. Por otra parte se observa que la granulometría del testigo BAR1 presentó un mayor tamaño de grano y más variabilidad que en el caso del testigo GeoB 13813-4. También se determinó una mayor acumulación de sedimentos a través del tiempo en el cinturón de barro del Río de la Plata (plataforma continental adyacente), comparado con aquel registrado en la Barra del Indio (límite entre zona intermedia y externa del estuario). Estas diferencias podrían estar relacionadas con la influencia del Río de la Plata, el cual genera un ambiente altamente dinámico sobre la Barra del Indio y un ambiente más estable sobre el cinturón de barro en la plataforma continental.

  7. Una propuesta para el desarrollo de un arreglo de síntesis de apertura

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arnal, E. M.

    Los estudios llevados a cabo en la transición del hidrógeno neutro a ?~21-cm han contribuído a incrementar nuestro conocimiento acerca de las propiedades globales del medio interestelar, sea este galáctico o extragaláctico. Avances en este campo han sido provocados, a menudo, por la puesta en servicio de radiotelescopios que poseen una mayor resolución angular. Aquí se presenta una propuesta para desarrollar un nuevo instrumento, un interferómetro, que permitirá abrir nuevas líneas de investigación. Este instrumento combinará la técnica de síntesis de apertura con la de espectroscopía de correlación digital, para alcanzar una resolución angular de 1' y un campo de visión de ~1o.7.

  8. News and Views: A total solar eclipse over Rapa Nui; ESA's vision; International team wins first Ambartsumian Prize; Thinner thermosphere; ESA funds games; Team finds starspots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-10-01

    Francisco Diego recorded spectacular images of the 11 July 2010 total solar eclipse from Rapa Nui (Easter Island), making the most of modern digital technology - much of which originated from astronomical research - in taking and processing the images. The European Space Agency has set out its priorities for the decade starting in 2015, in a report entitled Cosmic Vision. The first Viktor Ambartsumian International Prize, in memory of the distinguished Armenian theorist, goes to the team led by Prof. Michel Mayor of the Observatory of Geneva, for ``their important contribution in the study of relation between planetary systems and their host stars''.

  9. Photographic copy of September 16, 1931 New Orleans Morning Tribune ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photographic copy of September 16, 1931 New Orleans Morning Tribune newspaper article. Located in a photo album at the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Archives Center, Work and Industry Division, Washington, D.C. SEPTEMBER 16, 1931 NEW ORLEANS MORNING TRIBUNE NEWSPAPER ARTICLE AND PICTURE OF BRIDGE BID OPENING FEATURING LOUISIANA GOVERNOR HUEY LONG, NEW ORLEANS MAYOR WALMSLEY, STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION CHAIRMAN O.K. ALLEN AND PUBLIC BELT RAILROAD CHIEF ENGINEER ROBERT BARCLAY. - Huey P. Long Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River approximately midway between nine & twelve mile points upstream from & west of New Orleans, Jefferson, Jefferson Parish, LA

  10. Application of Collocated GPS and Seismic Sensors to Earthquake Monitoring and Early Warning

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xingxing; Zhang, Xiaohong; Guo, Bofeng

    2013-01-01

    We explore the use of collocated GPS and seismic sensors for earthquake monitoring and early warning. The GPS and seismic data collected during the 2011 Tohoku-Oki (Japan) and the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah (Mexico) earthquakes are analyzed by using a tightly-coupled integration. The performance of the integrated results is validated by both time and frequency domain analysis. We detect the P-wave arrival and observe small-scale features of the movement from the integrated results and locate the epicenter. Meanwhile, permanent offsets are extracted from the integrated displacements highly accurately and used for reliable fault slip inversion and magnitude estimation. PMID:24284765

  11. Status of the lidar station at La Paz - Bolivia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaratti, Francesco; Forno, Ricardo N.; Calderon, Fernando

    2010-05-01

    The current status of the LIDAR station at La Paz is discussed, including the technical difficulties of operating an Alexandrite system at this high altitude location. Advances related to the reconditioning of this system, especially those related to the new laser system, are also discussed. In addition, the goals and perspectives of the Atmospheric Physics Laboratory, part of the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, are described in the context of the new instrument and the new initiatives recently undertaken with the help of the international scientific community.

  12. LBNL Computational Research & Theory Facility Groundbreaking - Full Press Conference. Feb 1st, 2012

    ScienceCinema

    Yelick, Kathy

    2013-05-29

    Energy Secretary Steven Chu, along with Berkeley Lab and UC leaders, broke ground on the Lab's Computational Research and Theory (CRT) facility yesterday. The CRT will be at the forefront of high-performance supercomputing research and be DOE's most efficient facility of its kind. Joining Secretary Chu as speakers were Lab Director Paul Alivisatos, UC President Mark Yudof, Office of Science Director Bill Brinkman, and UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert Birgeneau. The festivities were emceed by Associate Lab Director for Computing Sciences, Kathy Yelick, and Berkeley Mayor Tom Bates joined in the shovel ceremony.

  13. Reply to the Comment on “Stratigraphy, petrography and dispersion of the lower Permian syn-eruptive deposits in the Viar Basin, Spain” by S. Sierra, C. Moreno and E. Pascual [Sedimentary Geology 217 (2009) 1-29

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sierra, Sonia; Moreno, Carmen; Pascual, Emilio

    2010-07-01

    The publication of the comments by Wagner and Mayoral (Comment on "Stratigraphy, petrography and dispersion of the lower Permian syn-eruptive deposits in the Viar Basin, Spain" by S. Sierra, C. Moreno and E. Pascual [Sedimentary Geology 217 (2009) 1-29], Sedimentary Geology, this issue) on our paper entitled "Stratigraphy, petrography and dispersion of the lower Permian syn-eruptive deposits in the Viar Basin, Spain" (S. Sierra, C. Moreno and E. Pascual, Sedimentary Geology 217 (2009) 1-29) offers a welcome opportunity to further clarify our observations and interpretations. We acknowledge this editorial opportunity with thanks.

  14. Serum oxytocinase activity is related to tumor growth parameters in N-methyl nitrosourea induced rat breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Carrera, M P; Ramírez-Expósito, M J; Valenzuela, M T; García, M J; Mayas, M D; Martínez-Martos, J M

    2004-07-30

    Oxytocinase has been reported to hydrolyse the peptide hormone oxytocin (OT). We have previously described changes in oxytocinase activity in human breast cancer, where a highly significant increase occurred in tumoral tissue. In the present work, we analysed oxytocinase activity in serum of rats with breast cancer induced by N-methyl-nitrosourea (NMU). We also correlated these data with the number and size of tumors and the body weight of the animals to evaluate the putative value of this activity as a biological marker of the disease. Our results confirm the involvement of OT in carcinogenesis and suggest a mayor role for oxytocinase activity in the development of breast cancer. PMID:15234194

  15. Regiones H II alrededor de estrellas WR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giménez Benitez, S.; Niemela, V.

    En base a observaciones espectroscópicas en el rango óptico, obtenidas en el CASLEO, se estudian las condiciones físicas de tres regiones H II alrededor de estrellas WR: N76 en el entorno de Ab7, en la Nube Menor de Magallanes, N79 alrededor de Br 2, en la Nube Mayor de Magallanes y G2.4+1.4 alrededor de WR 102, en nuestra Galaxia. Estas regiones presentan una alta ionización. Se observa la línea nebular de HeII en 4686 Å . Utilizando líneas nebulares de diagnóstico, se derivan los valores de la densidad y la temperatura electrónica, así como también las abundancias de algunos de los elementos químicos nebulares.

  16. La distribución de objetos en el Cinturón de Kuiper y la posible existencia de un nuevo planeta en el Sistema Solar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brunini, A.

    A pesar de que la capacidad observacional no lo limita, no se han descubierto objetos en el Cinturón de Kuiper más allá de las 50 AU. Recientemente, hemos propuesto que un embrión planetario originalmente formado en la región de Urano-Neptuno, y posteriormente migrado hacia distancias mayores a 50-60 AU, puede explicar este hecho. Presentamos simulaciones numéricas de acreción del Sistema Solar exterior que muestran cómo, naturalmente, podriamos esperar que un planeta de este tipo se encuentre actualmente en regiones distantes del sistema solar. Analizamos además la posibilidad de detectarlo con instrumentos actuales.

  17. LBNL Computational Research and Theory Facility Groundbreaking. February 1st, 2012

    ScienceCinema

    Yelick, Kathy

    2013-05-29

    Energy Secretary Steven Chu, along with Berkeley Lab and UC leaders, broke ground on the Lab's Computational Research and Theory (CRT) facility yesterday. The CRT will be at the forefront of high-performance supercomputing research and be DOE's most efficient facility of its kind. Joining Secretary Chu as speakers were Lab Director Paul Alivisatos, UC President Mark Yudof, Office of Science Director Bill Brinkman, and UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert Birgeneau. The festivities were emceed by Associate Lab Director for Computing Sciences, Kathy Yelick, and Berkeley Mayor Tom Bates joined in the shovel ceremony.

  18. Using Solar Twins to Explore the Planet-Star Connection with Unparallelled Precision

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meléndez, J.; Bean, J. L.; Bedell, M.; Ramírez, I.; Asplund, M.; Dreizler, S.; Alves-Brito, A.; Spina, L.; Casagrande, L.; Monroe, T.; Maia, M. T.; Freitas, F.

    2015-09-01

    This year marks the 20th anniversary of the first definitive detection of an exoplanet orbiting a Sun-like star by Mayor and Queloz (1995). Almost 2000 exoplanets have been discovered since this breakthrough, but many fundamental questions remain open despite the enormous progress: How common are analogues of the Solar System? How do planets form and evolve? What is the relationship between stars and planets? We are observing stars that are near-perfect matches to the Sun to provide new insights into the above questions, thus exploring the planet-star connection with unprecedented precision.

  19. Application of collocated GPS and seismic sensors to earthquake monitoring and early warning.

    PubMed

    Li, Xingxing; Zhang, Xiaohong; Guo, Bofeng

    2013-01-01

    We explore the use of collocated GPS and seismic sensors for earthquake monitoring and early warning. The GPS and seismic data collected during the 2011 Tohoku-Oki (Japan) and the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah (Mexico) earthquakes are analyzed by using a tightly-coupled integration. The performance of the integrated results is validated by both time and frequency domain analysis. We detect the P-wave arrival and observe small-scale features of the movement from the integrated results and locate the epicenter. Meanwhile, permanent offsets are extracted from the integrated displacements highly accurately and used for reliable fault slip inversion and magnitude estimation. PMID:24284765

  20. Emergency evacuation orders: considerations and lessons from Hurricane Sandy.

    PubMed

    O'Neil, Patrick D

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the problems surrounding the execution of emergency evacuation orders by evaluating Hurricane Sandy and the emergency actions taken by the State of New Jersey and the City of Atlantic City New Jersey. The analysis provides an overview of the legal authority granting emergency powers to governors and mayors to issue evacuation proclamations in addition to an evaluation of the New Jersey's emergency evacuation mandate and subsequent compliance. The article concludes with provision of planning and preparedness recommendations for public managers facing similar hazards, including a recommendation for provision of emergency shelter contingencies within the threat zone in anticipation of citizen noncompliance evacuation orders. PMID:25062822

  1. Autoreporte de exposición a publicidad y promoción de tabaco en una cohorte de fumadores mexicanos: Antes y durante la publicación de la Ley General para el Control del tabaco en 2008

    PubMed Central

    Hernández, Rosaura Pérez; Thrasher, James F.; Bolaños, Rosibel Rodríguez; Gutiérrez, Inti Barrientos; Hernández, Norma A Ibañez

    2015-01-01

    Resumen Objetivo Determinar en población fumadora el nivel de exposición a la mercadotecnia por parte de la Industria Tabacalera (IT), a través de diferentes métodos de promocionar sus productos de tabaco, antes y durante la publicación de la Ley General para el Control del Tabaco (LGCT) en 2008. Material y métodos Estudio de cohorte en fumadores adultos (n=941 pre-LGCT y n=1051 post-LGCT) de cuatro ciudades mexicanas. Se realizaron análisis multivariados mediante modelos de ecuaciones de estimación generalizada (GEE). Resultados Se incremento el autoreporte de recepción de muestras gratis de cigarros (3.7% a 8.1%), ropa o artículos con marcas o logos (3.6% a 6.4%), haber visto información sobre eventos especiales (1.9% a 4.7%), y bares, antros y discos para mayores de edad (21.4% a 28%). Se observaron decrementos de publicidad en exteriores (54.7% a 47.2%). Conclusión Es necesaria una política integral con prohibiciones totales de la publicidad y promoción de los productos de tabaco que integre mayor vigilancia y sanciones para lograr la disminución y prevención del consumo de tabaco. PMID:22689158

  2. CHOQUES AGREGADOS E INVERSIÓN EN CAPITAL HUMANO: EL LOGRO EDUCATIVO SUPERIOR DURANTE LA DÉCADA PERDIDA EN MÉXICO

    PubMed Central

    Peña, Pablo A.

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo documenta una respuesta agregada negativa del logro educativo superior (más de 12 años de escolaridad) en México a la recesión de 1982–83 y el estancamiento que le siguió. La respuesta no fue homogénea entre géneros, regiones y entornos familiares. Los hombres experimentaron una caída en el logro mientras que las mujeres experimentaron un crecimiento más lento. En promedio, los estados con un mayor logro antes del choque experimentaron mayores caídas. La respuesta entre distintos entornos familiares no presenta un patrón claro. Sin embargo, el efecto negativo en el logro se observa incluso entre hermanos. La evidencia sugiere una historia por el lado de la demanda: la caída en el ingreso de los hogares parece ser el determinante de la caída/desaceleración del logro educativo superior. La conclusión es que la recesión y la falta de crecimiento que le siguió tuvieron un efecto negativo importante y duradero en la formación de capacidades en México. PMID:25328251

  3. Neuroimagen en la enfermedad de Alzheimer: nuevas perspectivas

    PubMed Central

    Becker, James T.

    2012-01-01

    Introducción y desarrollo En los próximos 50 años vamos a presenciar un incremento significativo de la población mayor de 65 años y por lo tanto va a aumentar, considerablemente, el número de individuos con riesgo de desarrollar demencias neurodegenerativas, especialmente la enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA). Las estrategias actuales de tratamiento farmacológico y no farmacológico se han centrado en las fases sintomáticas de esta enfermedad y, gradualmente, vamos teniendo una mayor comprensión de los posibles factores de riesgo del síndrome clínico. Conclusiones Los estudios de neuroimagen han sido muy útiles para mostrar los cambios estructurales del envejecimiento normal y patológico, así como también los factores de riesgo para la EA. Los tratamientos apropiados de los factores de riesgo y su posible combinación con tratamientos específicos para la EA podrían prolongar el período presintomático de la EA y, por tanto, mejorar la calidad de vida y disminuir la carga para el paciente, la familia y la sociedad. PMID:20517866

  4. Mini-mastoidectomía para anastomosis hipogloso-facial con sección parcial del nervio hipogloso

    PubMed Central

    Campero, Álvaro; Ajler, Pablo; Socolovsky, Mariano; Martins, Carolina; Rhoton, Albert

    2012-01-01

    Introducción: La anastomosis hipogloso-facial es la técnica de elección para la reparación de la parálisis facial cuando no se dispone de un cabo proximal sano del nervio facial. La técnica de anastomosis mediante fresado mastoideo y sección parcial del hipogloso minimiza la atrofia lingual sin sacrificar resultados a nivel facial. Método: La porción mastoidea del nervio facial transcurre por la pared anterior de la AM, a un promedio de 18+/-3 mm de profundidad respecto de la pared lateral. Se debe reconocer la cresta supramastoidea, desde la cual se marca una línea vertical paralela al eje mayor de la AM, 1 cm por detrás de la pared posterior del CAE El fresado se comienza desde la línea medio mastoidea hasta la pared posterior del CAE. Una vez encontrado el nervio facial en el tercio medio del canal mastoideo, el mismo es seguido hacia proximal y distal. Resultados: El abordaje descripto permite acceder al nervio facial intratemporal en su porción mastoidea, y efectuar un fresado óseo sin poner en riesgo al nervio o a estructuras vasculares cercanas. Se trata de un procedimiento técnicamente más sencillo que los abordajes amplios habitualmente utilizados al hueso temporal; no obstante su uso debe ser restringido mayormente a la anastomosis hipogloso-facial. Conclusión: Esta es una técnica relativamente sencilla, que puede ser reproducida por cirujanos sin mayor experiencia en el tema, luego de su paso por el laboratorio de anatomía. PMID:23596555

  5. Stress- and structure-controlled anisotropy in a region of complex faulting—Yuha Desert, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cochran, Elizabeth S.; Kroll, Kayla A.

    2015-01-01

    We examine shear velocity anisotropy in the Yuha Desert, California using aftershocks of the 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. The Yuha Desert is underlain by a complex network of right- and left-lateral conjugate faults, some of which experienced triggered slip during the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. An automated method that implements multiple measurement windows and a range of bandpass filters is used to estimate the fast direction (?) and delay time (?t) of the split shear waves. We find an average ? oriented approximately north–south suggesting it is primarily controlled by the regional maximum compressive stress direction. However, the spatial variability in ? reveals that the fault structures that underlie the Yuha Desert also influence the measured splitting parameters. We infer that the northeast- and northwest-oriented ? reflect shear fabric subparallel to the conjugate fault structures. We do not observe a simple correlation between ?t and hypocentral distance. Instead, the observed spatial variation in ?t suggests that near-source variation in anisotropic strength may be equal to or more important than effects local to the station. No temporal variation in splitting parameters is observed during the 70-day period following the main shock. In this region of complex faulting, we observe a spatially variable pattern of anisotropy that is both stress- and structure-controlled. This study suggests that shear fabric can form even along short, discontinuous fault strands with minimal offset.                   

  6. Geographical dimensions and correlates of trust.

    PubMed

    Greenberg, M R; Williams, B

    1999-04-01

    A sample of 323 residents of New Jersey stratified by neighborhood quality (excellent, good, fair, poor) was gathered to determine if trust in science and technology to protect public health and environment at the societal scale was associated with trust of the local officials, such as the mayor, health officer, developers, mass media, and legislators who are guardians of the local environment. Societal (trust of science and technology) and neighborhood (mayor, health officer) dimensions of trust were found. These societal and neighborhood trust dimensions were weakly correlated. Respondents were divided into four trust-of-authority groups: high societal-high neighborhood, low societal-low neighborhood, high societal-low neighborhood, and low societal-high neighborhood. High societal-high neighborhood trust respondents were older, had lived in the neighborhoods for many years, were not troubled much by neighborhood or societal environmental threats, and had a strong sense of control over their environment. In strong contrast, low societal-low neighborhood trust respondents were relatively young, typically had lived in their present neighborhood for a short time, were troubled by numerous neighborhood and societal environmental threats, did not practice many personal public health practices, and felt little control over their environment. PMID:10765400

  7. Matter wave interferometry as a tool for molecule metrology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gerlich, Stefan; Gring, Michael; Ulbricht, Hendrik; Hornberger, Klaus; Tuexen, Jens; Mayor, Marcel; Arndt, Markus

    2009-03-01

    Kapitza-Dirac-Talbot-Lau interferometry (KDTLI) has recently been established as an ideal method to perform quantum matter wave experiments with large, highly polarizable molecules in an unprecedented mass range of beyond 1000 atomic mass units [1]. Since the interference visibility reveals important information on the properties of the examined particles, such as their mass and polarizability, we identified KDTLI as a valuable tool for precision metrology. We demonstrate that quantum interferometry can therefore also serve as a powerful complement to mass spectrometry [2], in particular in cases where fragmentation may occur in the detector. Our new method is applicable to a wide range of molecules and is particularly valuable for characterizing neutral molecular beams. [1] S. Gerlich, L. Hackerm"uller, K. Hornberger, A. Stibor, H. Ulbricht, M. Gring, F. Goldfarb, T. Savas, M. M"uri, M. Mayor, M. Arndt, Nat. Phys. 2007, 3, 711 - 715. [2] Stefan Gerlich, Michael Gring, Hendrik Ulbricht, Klaus Hornberger, Jens T"uxen, Marcel Mayor, and Markus Arndt, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 6195 - 6198.

  8. BIOÉTICA EN NICARAGUA

    PubMed Central

    Gonzálezy, Armando Ulloa; Monge, Melba de la Cruz Barrantes

    2009-01-01

    Este trabajo describe la situación de la bioética en Nicaragua, caracterizando las circunstancias y el contexto de las actividades de educación médica y las unidades prestadoras de servicios de salud. El desarrollo de un nuevo modelo de atención integral en salud, la implementación de políticas de salud que garanticen a la población el mayor acceso y gratuidad a los servicios, y los cambios acontecidos en los cuidados médicos, debidos en parte al reconocimiento creciente de una mayor autonomía de los pacientes y al uso creciente de nuevas tecnologías médicas, hace que se presenten algunas limitantes y dilemas en las unidades asistenciales y entre el personal de salud. La bioética en Nicaragua tiene un desarrollo incipiente: no está institucionalizada ni se han previsto los mecanismos formales que permitan resolver los problemas éticamente complejos, por lo tanto, constituye un gran reto por parte de las instituciones educativas y rectoras de la salud. PMID:20352016

  9. El proyecto AUGER

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Etchegoyen, A.

    Hace ya más de 30 años en Volcano Ranch, EE.UU., un extenso chubasco cósmico (ECC) fue detectado con energía en exceso de 1020 eV. Desde entonces, observatorios ubicados en Haverah Park del Reino Unido, Yakutsk de Rusia, AGASA de Japón y Dugway de EE.UU. también han observado ECC con energías mayores que 1020 eV. Poco se sabe de dichos rayos, y en particular cuál es la naturaleza del primario, de dónde provienen, y cómo son acelerados, pero su naturaleza ultrarelativista excluye la mayoría de las respuestas dejando sólo algunas plausibles de ser investigadas experimentalmente. Grupos de científicos de 20 países están trabajando con el fin de construir dos arreglos de detectores gigantes, uno en cada hemisferio a lo largo de 3000 km2 c/u. Dichas dimensiones son necesarias debido al flujo estimado de 1 rayo cósmico/centuria/km2/sr. La sede del Observatorio del Sur es la Argentina. El proyecto fue nombrado Pierre Auger en conmemoración del célebre físico francés que detectó por primera vez chubascos cósmicos en 1938. El proyecto focaliza su interés en rayos cósmicos con energías mayores que 1020 eV.

  10. Moral Combat in An Enemy of the People: Public Health versus Private Interests

    PubMed Central

    McConnell, Terrance

    2010-01-01

    Dr Thomas Stockmann, the protagonist of Ibsen's play, An Enemy of the People, discovers a serious health threat in the Baths of his Norwegian town. The Baths have been marketed as a health resort to lure visitors. Dr Stockmann alerts officials about the problem and assumes that they will close the Baths until it is corrected. He is met with fierce resistance, however. His brother, the town's mayor, favors keeping the Baths open and correcting the problem gradually. He advances multiple arguments that appeal to the economic interests of the town and Thomas's role-related obligation as a citizen. His wife, Katherine, wants him to cooperate with the mayor. She marshals several arguments that appeal to his obligations as a father. This paper reconstructs and examines the competing arguments, shows how Ibsen's play has both contemporary relevance and moral depth, and demonstrates how Dr Stockmann's responses can be interpreted as an argument that complying with his duties to protect the public health do not force him to renege on his core commitments as a parent and as a citizen. PMID:20336230

  11. Stress- and structure-controlled anisotropy in a region of complex faulting—Yuha Desert, California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cochran, E. S.; Kroll, K. A.

    2015-08-01

    We examine shear velocity anisotropy in the Yuha Desert, California using aftershocks of the 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. The Yuha Desert is underlain by a complex network of right- and left-lateral conjugate faults, some of which experienced triggered slip during the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. An automated method that implements multiple measurement windows and a range of bandpass filters is used to estimate the fast direction (?) and delay time (?t) of the split shear waves. We find an average ? oriented approximately north-south suggesting it is primarily controlled by the regional maximum compressive stress direction. However, the spatial variability in ? reveals that the fault structures that underlie the Yuha Desert also influence the measured splitting parameters. We infer that the northeast- and northwest-oriented ? reflect shear fabric subparallel to the conjugate fault structures. We do not observe a simple correlation between ?t and hypocentral distance. Instead, the observed spatial variation in ?t suggests that near-source variation in anisotropic strength may be equal to or more important than effects local to the station. No temporal variation in splitting parameters is observed during the 70-day period following the main shock. In this region of complex faulting, we observe a spatially variable pattern of anisotropy that is both stress- and structure-controlled. This study suggests that shear fabric can form even along short, discontinuous fault strands with minimal offset.

  12. Perfiles de luminosidad en galaxias con núcleo tipo Seyfert 1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boris, N.; Rodriguez-Ardilla, A. A.; Pastoriza, M. G.

    Presentamos imágenes CCD en los filtros BVI y H? de una muestra de 10 galaxias Seyfert 1 y Narrow Line Seyfert 1. Recientes observaciones muestran que hay una diferencia significante en el índice espectral óptico entre NLS1s y Sy1 normales, siendo para las primeras del orden de 2. Otra característica importante es que la mayor parte de las NLS1s muestran tasas de FeII/H? mayores que las observadas en otras Sy1s. Desde el punto de vista fotométrico, estas galaxias no tienenningún tipo de estudio previo. Presentamos magnitudes totales, perfiles de luminosidad y mapas de color junto con un detallado análisis de la formación estelar en estos objetos. Encontramos que la descomposición en bulbo + disco representa adecuadamente los perfiles de luminosidad de las galaxias de la muestra. Sin embargo, en todos los casos es necesario que el disco tenga un agujero en su centro. El radio de este agujero va desde los 3 a los 9 kpc. Si bien no tenemos aún una explicación para este hecho, los agujeros parecen estar asociados a anillos circumnucleares de alto oscurecimiento E(B-V) ~1. Los perfiles presentan también un fuerte gradiente de color, siendo notablemente más azules hacia la región nuclear. Los objetos de la muestra cubren todo el rango de tipos morfológicos, no obstante, no encontramos regiones de formación estelar en las regiones exteriores de las galaxias. La formación estelar está confinada a la región nuclear y se data en alrededor de 5 x 107 años.

  13. La inserción en el mercado laboral de los inmigrantes latinos en España y en los Estados Unidos: Diferencias por país de origen y estatus legal

    PubMed Central

    Connor, Phillip; Massey, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    Resumen Este artículo compara los resultados económicos entre los inmigrantes latinoamericanos en España y Estados Unidos. Detectamos un efecto de selección por el que la mayoría de los inmigrantes latinoamericanos en España proceden de Sudamérica de un entorno de clases medias, mientras la mayoría de los inmigrantes que van a los Estados Unidos son centroamericanos de clase baja. Este efecto de selección explica las diferencias transnacionales en la probabilidad de empleo, logro ocupacional y salarios obtenidos. A pesar de las diferencias en los orígenes y las características de los latinoamericanos en ambos países, los factores demográficos, humanos y de capital social parecen operar de forma similar en ambos países; y cuando los modelos se estiman separadamente por estatus legal, descubrimos que los efectos se acentúan más entre los inmigrantes irregulares cuando se los compara con los regulares, especialmente en Estados Unidos. PMID:24532857

  14. Chilean Teachers Begin Exchange Program Visit in Magdalena

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2007-01-01

    Two teachers from the town of San Pedro de Atacama, in the northern desert of the South American nation of Chile, arrive in Magdalena, New Mexico, Sunday, January 28, for a two-week visit that is part of a Sister Cities program sponsored by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), the nonprofit research corporation that operates the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). They will be accompanied by their town's mayor. Myriam Nancy Rivera Mercado, Head of the high school in San Pedro, Gabriela Fernanda Rodriguez Moraleda, a tourism teacher there, and San Pedro Mayor Sandra Berna Martinez will begin a visit that includes classroom observations in the Magdalena schools, a reception hosted by the Magdalena Village Council, and a Mayor's Breakfast with Magdalena Mayor Jim Wolfe. They also will meet local residents, tour the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge with a second-grade class, visit an area ranch, tour the Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope, and see Socorro's Community Arts Party. "These teachers will learn much about New Mexico, the United States, and our educational system, and will take this new knowledge back to their students and their community," said NRAO Education Officer Robyn Harrison. The visit is part of a Sister Cities program initiated and funded by AUI, which operates the NRAO for the U.S. National Science Foundation. Radio astronomy is a common link between San Pedro de Atacama and Magdalena. San Pedro is near the site of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an international telescope project now under construction with funding by major partners in North America, Europe, and Japan. Magdalena is near the site of NRAO's VLA radio telescope. In Magdalena, the Village Council and Mayor Wolfe formalized their participation in the Sister Cities program last September, and San Pedro ratified the program in December. In San Pedro, the ceremony ratifying the agreement was attended by U.S. Ambassador to Chile Craig K. Kelly. The Chilean teachers are visiting Magdalena while they are on their Southern Hemisphere summer vacation, and Magdalena's schools are in session. Two Magdalena teachers, Joleen Welborn and Sandra Montoya, will visit San Pedro in June, while they are on summer vacation and the Chilean schools will be in session. Dr. Eduardo Hardy, the AUI/NRAO representative in Chile, will accompany the Chilean teachers on their visit, which has been coordinated by Harrison. "ALMA is a groundbreaking example of the type of international cooperation that marks the future of astronomy. We are especially pleased to sponsor a program that brings together two communities that both enjoy proximity to world-class astronomical research facilities," said Dr. Fred K.Y. Lo, NRAO Director. "While separated by many miles, San Pedro de Atacama and Magdalena have much in common. Both are small communities in high desert environments, and both are next to telescopes where the world's astronomers will be making many exciting discoveries in the coming decades. Bringing these two communities together will advance education and international understanding," Harrison said. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation, operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

  15. Attitudes of stakeholders towards the Podyji/Thaya River Basin National Park in the Czech Republic.

    PubMed

    Cihar, Martin; Stankova, Jindriska

    2006-11-01

    In August 2000, a survey of public opinion was carried out among visitors, local residents and representatives of local self-governments in the territory of the Podyji/Thaya River Basin National Park in the Czech Republic. The goal was to obtain stakeholders' opinions and attitudes towards nature conservation, the National Park and tourism within the territory which used to be closed to the public for 40 years due to the Iron Curtain. Without the knowledge of opinions of stakeholders it is not possible to manage nature conservation and development in the protected area properly. Using the method of direct interviews, 646 questionnaires where collected, of which 523 were from visitors and tourists, 115 from local residents and 8 from mayors of towns/villages. The questionnaires were analysed in order to detect differences in attitudes among the respondent groups in the following thematic areas: (a) the National Park, its environment and perception of it by respondents; (b) relationship of respondents to the territory; (c) tourism and attitudes towards recreational activities; (d) the Administration of the National Park and evaluation of its work; and (e) economic impact of tourism for local communities. One section of the study focused on comparing the attitudes between local inhabitants and mayors and the other section presents a collation of opinions from locals, mayors and tourists. Although a positive evaluation of the national park dominated the results, some negative attitudes and experiences were identified among locals. In addition, the situation also differed within communities. Results also indicated a relatively strong relationship to the territory by locals, but low job opportunities and income from tourism. The level of tourism intensity was perceived as an increasing and sometimes disturbing factor for local communities; motoring was observed as being the most negative activity for nature. The Administration of the Podyji/Thaya River Basin National Park was sometimes criticised and the communication with the community was not always evaluated satisfactorily. All groups of respondents identified waste management to be the most pressing issue. Identification of differences in attitudes of interviewed respondents may be effectively used in planning environmental management and sustainable tourism development in the area. PMID:16549229

  16. DUCHAS VAGINALES Y OTROS RIESGOS DE VAGINOSIS BACTERIANA

    PubMed Central

    Chávez, Natividad; Molina, Helfer; Sánchez, Jorge; Gelaye, Bizu; Sánchez, Sixto E.

    2010-01-01

    Vaginosis bacteriana (VB) es una infección caracterizada por el cambio en la microflora de la vagina, asociándose a resultados adversos del embarazo y a la adquisición de infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS), incluyendo el VIH. En este estudio se buscó la asociación entre el uso de duchas vaginales y otros factores de riesgos con VB. Se usó un diseño observacional descriptivo transversal prospectivo, en 1,252 mujeres que asistieron al servicio de planificación familiar de tres hospitales nacionales (Dos de Mayo, Arzobispo Loayza, San Bartolomé) y el Instituto Materno Perinatal, durante el año 1997. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado donde se registraron variables socio demográficas y características del estilo de vida de las participantes. VB fue diagnosticada mediante el puntaje de Nugent. Se empleó análisis de regresión logística para calcular odds ratio (OR) e intervalos de confianza al 95%. La edad promedio de las participantes fue 25.1 ± 4,7 años, el 23.4% tenían más de 11 años de educación. La prevalencía de VB fue 20,1%. Las mujeres que practicaban duchas vaginales tuvieron 2.28 veces (OR = 2.28, IC 95% [1.0–5.0]) mayor probabilidad de tener VB comparado con aquellas que no lo practicaban. Tener dos o más parejas sexuales estuvo asociado con 2.0 veces (OR =2.0, IC 95% [1.2–3.5]) mayor probabilidad de adquirir VB comparado con aquellas que habían tenido solo una pareja sexual. Las participantes que iniciaron una relación sexual a una edad temprana tuvieron 1.4 veces (OR=1.4, IC 95% [1.0 –1.9]) mayor probabilidad de adquirir VB. El uso de duchas vaginales es un factor de riesgo de VB. Los programas destinados a la salud de la mujer deben abordar las repercusiones perjudiciales para la salud asociados con las duchas vaginales. PMID:21132048

  17. Quartz Resorption as a Geospeedometer in Peralkaline Rhyolites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janebo, M.; Caricchi, L.; Rust, A.

    2010-12-01

    Magma ascent rate affects eruptive style and intensity as it determines time available for syn-eruptive crystallization, vesiculation and permeable gas loss. The width of hornblende reaction rims has previously been used to estimate ascent rates for eruptions of andesitic volcanoes. Reactions between quartz and the coexisting melt could provide a similar proxy for peralkaline silicic magmas. Mayor Island, a peralkaline rhyolitic volcano in New Zealand, was used as a case study to investigate the use of quartz resorption as a geospeedometer. During the last 130 ka, Mayor Island has exhibited a wide range of eruptions, both with regards to intensity and volume. Previous studies have determined the pre-eruptive temperature to be around 750°C and pressure to be 100-125 MPa, and proposed that the magma chamber is saturated in water (Barclay et al., 1996). Neither the composition of the magma (72-74 wt% SiO2) nor the water content (4.4 wt%) have changed significantly between the different styles of eruptions, and the wide range of eruptive style was therefore attributed to variations in the ascent rate. In general, the quartz phenocrysts from the effusive eruptions are rounded, whereas those from the explosive eruptions are euhedral. Scaillet and Macdonald (2001) established that there are realistic conditions for which quartz in peralkaline rhyolites goes from stable to unstable to stable again during decompression. In this study, the stability fields of quartz were determined for a Mayor Island magma composition using an externally heated cold-seal pressure vessel. The rate of quartz resorption was assessed by carrying out time-series experiments. The pre-eruptive conditions were determined to be about 700-750°C from feldspar thermometry and phase equilibria. The results indicate that the magma was water under-saturated and consequently stored at higher pressures than previously calculated. The time-series experiments imply that magma that erupt explosively did not spend more than a couple of days at pressure between 150 and 50 MPa. REFERENCES Barclay, J., Carroll, M. R., Houghton, B. F. and Wilson, C. J. N. (1996). Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 74: 75-87. Scaillet, B. and Macdonald, R. (2001). Phase relations of peralkaline silicic magmas and petrogenetic implications. Journal of Petrology 42(4): 825-845.

  18. [In Process Citation].

    PubMed

    Sznajder, Janusz; S Lefarska-Wasilewska, Marta; Kłek, Stanisław

    2016-01-01

    Objetivo: la esclerosis lateral amiotrófica (ELA) es una enfermedad crónica, neurodegenerativa que genera malnutrición. El objetivo principal de este estudio es analizar el impacto de la malnutrición en el curso de la enfermedad y la sobrevida a largo plazo.Materiales y métodos: se realizó un análisis retrospectivo de 48 pacientes (22 mujeres [45.83%] y 26 hombres [54.17%], con un promedio de edad de 66,2 [43-83]) del 2008 al 2014. El análisis del estado nutricional inicial se midió utilizando el índice de  masa corporal (IMC), el estado nutricional de acuerdo al NRS 2002, la valoración global subjetiva (VGS) y la concentración sérica de albúmina. Los pacientes se dividieron en dos grupos, dependiendo del estado nutricional en el que se encontraban: bien nutridos o malnutridos. Los grupos se crearon por  separado, lo que permitió un análisis comparativo adicional de las técnicas utilizadas para la evaluación del estado nutricional.Resultados: un estado nutricional adecuado se relaciona con mayor sobreviva a largo plazo (456 vs. 679 días, NRS 312 vs. 659 vs. 835 días, IMC respectivamente: 41, 541, 631 días, resultados estadísticamente significativos para NRS e IMC). Las concentraciones de albúmina no fueron un factor pronóstico, pero se observó mayor sobrevida si las concentraciones de albúmina incrementaban durante el tratamiento nutricional.Conclusiones: el estado nutricional inicial y la respuesta positiva a la alimentación enteral están asociados a mayor sobrevida en pacientes con ELA, razón por la cual, la terapia nutricional debe de iniciarse lo antes posible. PMID:27019234

  19. The Cdf Silicon Vertex Detector for Run II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossin, R.

    2004-07-01

    The 8 layer, 720k channel CDF Run II silicon detector is an essential part of the heavy flavor tagging and forward tracking capabilities of the CDF experiment. A summary of the experience in commissioning and operating this double-sided detector during the first 2 years of Run II is presented. The performances of the silicon in term of resolution, efficiency are also described. The results of the studies of radiation damage and the expected operational limits are discussed. A short description of the SVT, the Level 2 Silicon Vertex Trigger, one of the mayor upgrades related to the new silicon device is also presented. Finally, some of the many physics results achieved by means of the new Silicon+SVT machinery are also reviewed.

  20. El diseño final del espectrógrafo de banco (EBASIM) para CASLEO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simmons, J.; Levato, H.

    Utilizando el código de óptica ACCOS V se ha finalizado el diseño del espectrógrafo de banco para CASLEO. En una comunicación anterior habíamos indicado que utilizaríamos un colimador de 150 mm de diámetro con un radio de curvatura de 1540 mm. Para el espejo cámara, que tiene un diámetro de 200 mm, el radio de curvatura es de 1200 mm, ambos radios con una tolerancia no mayor a los 3 mm. En la presente, se informa sobre los detalles finales del cálculo del espectrógrafo que incluye el cómputo para 5 longitudes de onda diferentes y alrededor de 100 rayos. En todos los casos el 75 % de energía está dentro de un diámetro de 13 micrones. El diseño ha sido probado entre 3500 Å hasta 9000 Å con resultados satisfactorios.

  1. [Novel treatments for hepatitis C viral infection and the hepatic fibrosis].

    PubMed

    Lugo-Baruqui, Alejandro; Bautista López, Carlos Alfredo; Armendáriz-Borunda, Juan

    2009-02-01

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a global health problem due to its evolution to hepatic cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The viral pathogenesis and infectious processes are not yet fully understood. The development of natural viral resistance towards the host immune system represents a mayor challenge for the design of alternative therapeutic interventions and development of viral vaccines. The molecular mechanisms of hepatic fibrosis are well described. New alternatives for the treatment of patients with HCV infection and hepatic cirrhosis are under intensive research. New drugs such as viral protease inhibitors and assembly inhibitors, as well as immune modulators have been studied in clinical trials. Additional alternatives include antifibrotic drugs, which reverse the hepatic cellular damage caused by HCV infection. This review makes reference to viral infective mechanisms, molecular pathways of liver fibrosis and overviews conventional and new treatments for HCV infection and liver fibrosis. PMID:19543653

  2. Court says Giuliani set too many hurdles for benefits.

    PubMed

    1999-11-26

    The New York Court of Appeals ruled unanimously that Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's "eligibility verification review" for people with AIDS created illegal obstacles for them when they applied for benefits through the city's Division of AIDS Services Income Support (DASIS). The city ordinance for the review process was started in 1995 to verify that only qualified individuals received welfare, food stamps, and other benefits. The case began when [name removed] applied for AIDS benefits in Manhattan and had to travel to Brooklyn to verify his income. The city ordinance, designed to speed the eligibility process, requires that eligibility reviews be conducted at a single location. The city eliminated the second trip but continues to investigate the veracity of applicants' claims for benefits. PMID:11367122

  3. City leadership for health and sustainable development: the World Health Organization European Healthy Cities Network.

    PubMed

    Tsouros, Agis

    2009-11-01

    This paper provides an overview of European Healthy Cities Network (EHCN) organized by the WHO Regional Office Europe. The focus is on the third of five phases covering the period 1998-2002. Fifty-six cities were members of the WHO-EHCN and over 1000 European cities were members of national networks. Association with WHO has given municipalities legitimacy to move into a domain often associated with health service. Equity and community participation are core values. City mayors provide political leadership. Intersectoral cooperation underpins a Healthy Cities approach. The WHO Regional Office for Europe supports WHO-EHCN, providing guidance and technical leadership. Cities' processes and structures are prerequisits for improvements in health and are central to the evaluation of Phase III of the WHO-EHCN. PMID:19914987

  4. Products and Services Available from the Southern California Earthquake Data Center (SCEDC) and the Southern California Seismic Network (SCSN)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, E.; Bhaskaran, A.; Chen, S.; Chowdhury, F. R.; Meisenhelter, S.; Hutton, K.; Given, D.; Hauksson, E.; Clayton, R. W.

    2010-12-01

    Currently the SCEDC archives continuous and triggered data from nearly 5000 data channels from 425 SCSN recorded stations, processing and archiving an average of 12,000 earthquakes each year. The SCEDC provides public access to these earthquake parametric and waveform data through its website www.data.scec.org and through client applications such as STP and DHI. This poster will describe the most significant developments at the SCEDC in the past year. Updated hardware: ? The SCEDC has more than doubled its waveform file storage capacity by migrating to 2 TB disks. New data holdings: ? Waveform data: Beginning Jan 1, 2010 the SCEDC began continuously archiving all high-sample-rate strong-motion channels. All seismic channels recorded by SCSN are now continuously archived and available at SCEDC. ? Portable data from El Mayor Cucapah 7.2 sequence: Seismic waveforms from portable stations installed by researchers (contributed by Elizabeth Cochran, Jamie Steidl, and Octavio Lazaro-Mancilla) have been added to the archive and are accessible through STP either as continuous data or associated with events in the SCEDC earthquake catalog. This additional data will help SCSN analysts and researchers improve event locations from the sequence. ? Real time GPS solutions from El Mayor Cucapah 7.2 event: Three component 1Hz seismograms of California Real Time Network (CRTN) GPS stations, from the April 4, 2010, magnitude 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake are available in SAC format at the SCEDC. These time series were created by Brendan Crowell, Yehuda Bock, the project PI, and Mindy Squibb at SOPAC using data from the CRTN. The El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake demonstrated definitively the power of real-time high-rate GPS data: they measure dynamic displacements directly, they do not clip and they are also able to detect the permanent (coseismic) surface deformation. ? Triggered data from the Quake Catcher Network (QCN) and Community Seismic Network (CSN): The SCEDC in cooperation with QCN and CSN is exploring ways to archive and distribute data from high density low cost networks. As a starting point the SCEDC will store a dataset from QCN and CSN and distribute it through a separate STP client. New archival methods: ? The SCEDC is exploring the feasibility of archiving and distributing waveform data using cloud computing such as Google Apps. A month of continuous data from the SCEDC archive will be stored in Google Apps and a client developed to access it in a manner similar to STP. XML formats: ? The SCEDC is now distributing earthquake parameter data through web services in QuakeML format. ? The SCEDC in collaboration with the Northern California Earthquake Data Center (NCEDC) and USGS Golden has reviewed and revised the StationXML format to produce version 2.0. The new version includes a rules on extending the schema, use of named complex types, and greater consistency in naming conventions. Based on this work we plan to develop readers and writers of the StationXML format.

  5. [Structural functional and pathological aspects of the NaCl contransporter thiazide sensitive].

    PubMed

    Moreno, Erika; Pacheco-Alvarez, Diana; Argaiz, Eduardo Rios

    2014-01-01

    NCC cotransporter is the mayor pathway for sodium chloride reabsorption in the distal nephron and the target of thiazide diuretics which, given their clinical utility in the management of arterial hypertension, are amongst the top sold drugs in the world. NCC protein is of great physiological importance given its role in the maintenance of water and salt homeostasis on the organism. Inactivating mutations in the gene that codes for NCC cause Gitelman's syndrome: an autosomal recessive disease associated with arterial hypotension, metabolic alkalosis, hipokalemia and hypocalciuria. This syndrome represents strong evidence of the relevance of the role of NCC in blood pressure regulation, electrolyte and acid base balance. In this work we review the up to date knowledge regarding this cotransporter with special attention to the molecular aspects of the protein that determine is physiological function and pathological roles. PMID:25729873

  6. POBREZA Y VULNERABILIDAD EN MÉXICO: EL CASO DE LOS JÓVENES QUE NO ESTUDIAN NI TRABAJAN*

    PubMed Central

    Aguila, Emma; Mejía, Nelly; Pérez, Francisco; Rivera, Alfonso; Ramírez, Edgar

    2015-01-01

    La situación de los jóvenes que no estudian ni trabajan (ninis) se ha vuelto evidente en los últimos años debido a los riesgos que enfrenta dicha población. Este artículo contribuye a la literatura al analizar las características económicas y laborales de los ninis, explora la situación laboral de sus parejas y provee proyecciones al año 2030. Asimismo, propone una clasificación de ninis para focalizar el diseño de políticas públicas, que identifica una tendencia a la baja de éstos debido a las mujeres que acceden al sistema educativo y al mercado laboral y que una mayor proporción de esta población estará compuesta por desempleados. PMID:25918452

  7. Integration of Innovative Technologies for Enhancing Students' Motivation for Science Learning and Career

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xie, Yichun; Reider, David

    2014-06-01

    This paper analyzes the outcomes of an innovative technology experience for students and teachers (ITEST) project, Mayor's Youth Technology Corps (MYTCs) in Detroit, MI, which was funded by the NSF ITEST program. The MYTC project offered an integration of two technologies, geographic information system (GIS) and information assurance (IA), to stimulate students' interests in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) career pathways and learning opportunities among high schools in underserved communities of the City of Detroit. Pre- and post-surveys demonstrated that the MYTC students showed growth in nearly every area covered in the surveys, including dispositions about STEM career and learning. A STEM career goal measure showed that overall interest in having a career in STEM increased 9 % throughout the program, with an additional 10 % for those who participated in an internship experience, the capstone of the MYTC project.

  8. Active Currents and Stresses on the cell surface: Clustering, Instabilities and Budding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rao, Madan

    2011-03-01

    We study the contractile dynamics of a collection of active polar filaments, such as actin, on a two dimensional substrate, using a continuum hydrodynamic description in the presence of spatiotemporal noise. The steady states, characterized by a variety of phases generically consisting of a transient collection of inward pointing asters. We next study the dynamics of particles advected along these active filaments. This is relevant to the dynamics and organization of a large class of cell surface molecules. We make several predictions regarding the statistics of fluctuations of these passive advective particles which we confirm using fluorescence based experiments. We then show how such active patterning of filaments can give rise to membrane stresses leading to membrane shape deformations. In collaboration with Kripa Gowrishankar and Satyajit Mayor.

  9. Design and construction of the structure of the DEMONSTRATOR of the CALIFA detector for R3B-FAIR using carbon-fiber composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Casarejos, E.; Alvarez-Pol, H.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Durán, I.; Iglesias, A.; Izquierdo, P.; Yañez, P.; Vilán, J. A.

    2014-03-01

    In this paper we describe the DEMONSTRATOR structures and active units (PETALs) developed for the detector CALIFA of the experiment R3B - FAIR. The design is based in the CALIFA BARREL mechanical solutions, but adapted to the characteristics of the PETALs, namely in what concerns the load distribution during setup and service. The R&D program defined the materials and procedures for both producing the pieces of carbon fiber (CF) composites as well as the mounting of the bundles to make an alveolar structure. The procedures also include a quality control program to ensure the dimensional properties of the CF assemblies. We are also developing the use of tomographic imaging analysis for this quality program, that will be of mayor interest in the construction of the future CALIFA CF-structure.

  10. Sweet smell of profits from trash

    SciTech Connect

    Leinster, C.; Goodman, A.

    1985-04-01

    Burning a county's or municipality's refuse and turning is into electricity should take off as a major growth industry, and capital investment in such plants over the next 10 years could reach $20 billion. Charles River Associates predicts that by 1995 some 75 incinerators will be in operation, taking in annual revenues of $4 billion. Unlike the ill-starred attempts to turn profits into trash in the 1970s, the new plants will use a proven technique called mass burning. While there is some concern about dioxin emissions, these plants emit negligible pollution when properly run. Since Americans throw away 170 million tons of household garbage annually - and since the country is fast running out of landfill sites - the refuse problem is especially acute in heavily populated areas. The biggest prizes, of course, for the refuse-to-energy companies will be the big cities; Mayor Koch wants five for New York City, one for each borough.

  11. STS-112 crew with President of Ajara in Georgia (Russia)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Operations and Checkout Building, Aslan Abashidze (left), President of the Autonomous Republic of Ajara in Georgia (Russia), STS-112 Mission Specialist Fyodor N. Yurchikhin, Ph.D., a cosmonaut with the Russian Space Agency; and Georgi Abashidze, Mayor of Batumi (Yurchikhin's hometown), pose for a portrait. Yurchikhin and the other members of the STS-112 crew are awaiting launch to the International Space Station aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis. The launch has been postponed to no earlier than Monday, Oct. 7, so that the Mission Control Center, located at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, can be secured and protected from potential storm impacts from Hurricane Lili.

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Li abundances in F stars (Delgado+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Delgado Mena, E.; Bertran de Lis, S.; Adibekyan, V. Z.; Sousa, S. G.; Figueira, P.; Mortier, A.; Gonzalez Hernandez, J. I.; Tsantaki, M.; Israelian, G.; Santos, N. C.

    2015-06-01

    Our baseline sample is 1111 FGK stars observed within the context of the HARPS GTO programs. It is a combination of three HARPS subsamples hereafter called HARPS-1 (Mayor et al., 2003Msngr.114...20M), HARPS-2 (Lo Curto et al., 2010, Cat. J/A+A/512/A48), and HARPS-4 (Santos et al., 2011, Cat. J/A+A/526/A112). The individual spectra of each star were reduced using the HARPS pipeline and then combined with IRAF2 after correcting for its radial velocity shift. The final spectra have a resolution of R~110000 and high signal-to-noise ratio (55% of the spectra have a S/N higher than 200). The total sample is composed of 135 stars with planets and 976 stars without detected planets. (4 data files).

  13. Five letters by Tycho Brahe to the Görlitz astronomer Bartholomäus Scultetus. (German Title: Fünf Briefe Tycho Brahes an den Görlitzer Astronomen Bartholomäus Scultetus (1540-1614))

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Helfricht, Juergen

    The five letters by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe to the Görlitz astronomer, mayor, and reformer of the calendar Bartholomäus Scultetus are for the first time translated from Latin into German with comments. The letters of October 12, 1581, August 17, 1588, December 8, 1590, March 12, 1592, and Januar 7, 1600, which are to a certain extent very personal letters, deal with, among other items, Scultetus's manuscript on the comet of 1577 and offer interesting details regarding Brahe's observatories on the island Hveen and near Prague. In addition, they provide information on his projects of books, problems with paper and print, his pupil Paul Wittich, currently largely unknown correspondents and his friends in Saxony and Silesia. The author prefaces the letters with biographical information on the 16th century Görlitz astronomer.

  14. Como Lo Hago Yo: Anomalías del Tubo Neural en Guatemala — Mielomeningocele Unidad de Espina Bífida e Hidrocefalia

    PubMed Central

    Manucci, Graciela; von Quednow, Enzo

    2014-01-01

    En Guatemala nacen por añ 786 niños con defectos de tubo neural. Operamos 65 a 70 niños con mielomenigocele por año. Tenemos equipo multidisciplinario. Recomendamos parto por cesárea. Infección antes de la cirugía es un problema mayor. Derivación tardía es un problema. Disecamos la plaqueta con la técnica clásica. Suturamos la plaqueta para restituir la forma de la médula. Corpectomía en casos de cifósis. Hidrocefalía: Operamos el 80% de los niños. Chiari II: Operamos basados en los síntomas, primero nos aseguramos que la válvula funciona bien. Médula anclada: Operamos basados en los síntomas. PMID:24791216

  15. Como Lo Hago Yo: Mielomeningocele En Bolivia

    PubMed Central

    Dabdoub, Carlos F.; Dabdoub, Carlos B.; Villavicencio, Ramiro; Quevedo, Germán

    2014-01-01

    Introducción: Las malformaciones del tubo neural (MTN) representan la segunda causa más frecuente de anomalías congénitas, luego de las cardiopatías. En este grupo se destaca el mielomeningocele (MMC) por su mayor incidencia, y por ser la más incapacitante y la más compleja entre todas las demás malformaciones del sistema nervioso c`entral (SNC). En Bolivia, como en muchos países de Sudamérica, los bajos niveles socio-culturales y la debilidad en el sistema sanitario, hacen que su incidencia y su morbilidad, sean mayores que en las naciones más desarrolladas. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo de 70 casos de MMC, atendidos por un equipo multidisciplinario en el Hospital Universitario Japonés (HUJ) de Santa Cruz de la Sierra, entre 2008-2011. De ellos, 60 fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente. Resultados: Se realizaron controles prenatales sólo en 27 mujeres (38.6%), diagnosticándose una disrafia espinal en apenas dos casos (7.4%). La edad de ingreso del MMC en su mayoría fue después de las 24 horas (65.6%), predominando su localización en la región lumbosacra (64.3%). De ellos, 67.2% eran abiertos, presentando un 32.9% un daño neurológico motor parcial mientras que 47.1% tenían paraplejia por debajo de la lesión. De los 70 casos, tres (4.3%) no fueron intervenidos, por presentar defectos congénitos severos o estado general grave. Las principales complicaciones posoperatorias inmediatas fueron: dehiscencia de sutura y/o infección de la herida (16.6%), fístula de líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR) (10%) e infección del SNC (11.7%). La mortalidad general y postoperatoria fue de 7.1% y 3.3%, respectivamente. Al mes de vida presentaban hidrocefalia un 80% de los pacientes operados, colocándose una derivación ventriculoperitoneal (DVP) de presión media. De 9 pacientes que tuvieron un acompanamiento de dos o más años, seis presentaron una médula anclada, que fueron intervenidas quirúrgicamente. Conclusión: En esta serie, el diagnóstico prenatal del MMC fue ocasional y la derivación al HUJ de los recién nacidos con esta malformación fue generalmente tardía. No hubo predominio de género y la mayoría de los casos presentaron sus lesiones en la región lumbar y lumbosacra. La mortalidad general y postoperatoria fue similar a la reportada en la literatura. Pocos enfermos realizaron controles posteriores al alta hospitalaria. Igual que otros países de Sudamérica, las falencias en el sistema público de salud y el nivel sociocultural, son factores determinantes para un mal pronóstico en estos niños. Por sus múltiples complicaciones, el MMC requiere de una especial atención gubernamental, sobre todo de carácter preventivo mediante el uso de ácido fólico en mujeres fértiles, como también de un equipo profesional multidisciplinario, a fin de realizar un tratamiento adecuado y oportuno. Al mismo tiempo, trabajos multicéntricos en hospitales de América Latina, ayudarán al mejor manejo de estos pacientes. PMID:24791220

  16. Polvo en la Región de los Troyanos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gilhutton, R.; Brunini, A.; Coldwell, G.

    La posible existencia de un anillo de polvo en la resonancia 1:1 con Júpiter formado por partículas provenientes de colisiones de asteroides fue propuesta por Liou and Zook (Icarus 113, 403, 1995) y estudiada extensamente por Vieira Martins and Gomes (VIII Reunión Regional Latinoamericana de Astronomía, Montevideo,1995). Si bien las partículas quedarían atrapadas sólo por períodos de algunos miles de años, el proceso colisional continuo en el cinturón de asteroides mantendría constante la densidad, presentándose una mayor concentración en la región de los troyanos. En el presente trabajo se presentan resultados preliminares sobre observaciones polarimétricas realizadas desde CASLEO de la región de L5 que confirmarían la existencia y variaciones de densidad en el anillo de polvo.

  17. Astronomía Mocoví

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    López, A.; Giménez Benitez, S.; Fernández, L.

    El presente trabajo, es una revisión crítica de la astronomía en la cultura Mocoví, aportando a lo realizado previamente por Lehmann Nistche (Lehmann Nistche, 1924 y 1927) el resultado de nuestro trabajo de campo. Un mayor conocimiento de las cosmovisiones de las etnias de esta área es fundamental para una mejor comprensión de la dispersión de las ideas cosmológicas entre los pueblos aborígenes americanos, dada la importancia del corredor chaqueño como conexión entre las altas culturas andinas, la mesopotamia y la región pampeana (Susnik, 1972). Para ello se realiza una comparación con otras cosmovisiones del área americana. Nuestro aporte se enmarca dentro de las actuales líneas de trabajo mundialmente en desarrollo en Astronomía en la Cultura.

  18. C.-E.A. Winslow Day: Proceedings of the June 3, 1977 Centenary Celebration

    PubMed Central

    Viseltear, Arthur J.

    1977-01-01

    Sponsored by Yale University, the City of New Haven, and the John B. Pierce Foundation, the C.-E.A. Winslow Day program consisted of speeches by Mr. Leonard Woodcock, President Emeritus, U.A.W., the Honorable Kenneth Gibson, Mayor of Newark, and Dr. Hector Acuña, Director, Pan American Health Organization; reminiscences of Ira Hiscock, Anna M.R. Lauder Professor Emeritus of Public Health, Mary Elizabeth Tennant, Associate Professor Emeritus of Nursing (Public Health), A. Pharo Gagge, Emeritus Fellow, John B. Pierce Foundation, and Mrs. Harriet Welch, Former President of the VNA of New Haven. The proceedings also included the presentation of gifts and the official C.-E.A. Winslow Day Proclamation. PMID:345631

  19. Highlights of the 5th Annual ATS Convention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Talbot, Stuart

    The convention was held in Bath, hosted by Ron Maddison. The Lord Mayor of Bath held a reception in the Roman Baths before the keynote address by Dr. Allan Chapman, The Brotherhood of Big Reflecting Telescopes: William Herschel to William Lassell. An ATS award was presented to Dr. Henry King for The History of the Telescope, as was one presented to Robert Hambleton, ATS editor. The lectures included one given by Patrick Moore, Peter Louwman, Rolf Willach, Eugene Rudd, and Ken Launie. Tours were conducted of the Science Museum London's Blythe House, the Royal Society, the Whipple Museum and the University Observatory, both at Cambridge, Wollsthorpe Manor, Issac Newton's home, the University of London Observatory at Mill Hill, and the Royal Observatory at Greenwich. Several pictures of the convention are included in the article.

  20. Abundancias químicas de las estrellas CP del grupo HgMn ? Leporis y 53 Tauri. II. Boro, Berilio, Carbono, Magnesio, Aluminio y Silicio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    López García, Z.; Malaroda, S. M.; Faraggiana, R.

    Se determinan las abundancias químicas de los elementos más livianos presentes en dos estrellas CP del grupo HgMn, ? Lep y 53 Tau, utilizando espectros IUE de alta resolución y técnicas de cálculo de espectros sintéticos. Para el cálculo de las líneas se utiliza la lista mas completa de datos atómicos disponible y el programa SYNTHE. Para el cálculo de la abundancia de un elemento se comparan, para cada imagen, los perfiles observados del mayor número de líneas presentes con los perfiles calculados obtenidos por variación de las abundancias iniciales, reteniendo la abundancia para la cual el acuerdo entre las líneas observadas y calculadas es considerado visualmente el mejor. Los resultados obtenidos son comparados con los estimados por la teoría de la difusión.

  1. Psychological Aspects in Children Affected by Duchenne De Boulogne Muscular Dystrophy

    PubMed Central

    Parisi, Lucia; Roccella, Michele

    2014-01-01

    Impairment of intelligence in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients was described by Duchenne de Boulogne himself in 1868. Further studies report intelligence disorders with mayor impairment of memory. The aim of the present study was to assess the presence of affective and personality disorders in a group of children affected by DMD. Twenty six male DMD patients, mean age eleven and four months years old, were assessed for their affective and personality disorder. Only eight subjects had a total IQ below average with major difficulties in verbal and visual-spatial memory, comprehension, arithmetic and vocabulary. All the subjects presented some disorders: tendency to marginalization and isolation, self-depreciation, sense of insecurity, hypochondriac thoughts and marked state of anxiety. These disorders are often a dynamic prolongation of a psychological process which starts when the diagnosis is made and continues, in a slow and latent fashion, throughout the evolution of the disease. PMID:25478112

  2. Numeric modeling approximation of the fluid dynamics in an optical fiber trap

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hernández Zavala, J. E.; Cerecedo Nuñez, H. H.; Vigueras Zuñiga, M. O.; Padilla Sosa, P.

    2014-09-01

    This document presents a first approach to study the behavior of a static fluid radiated by infrared light (980nm,100mW) transmitted by a single-mode optical fiber, for this simulation temperature and radiation pressure are calculated based on the intensity delivered by a laser diode. The Computing Fluid Dynamics (CFD) results were based on a mesh Tet/Hybrid, TGrid for a Silica micro-particle and a mesh Hex/Wedge, Cooper for the beam. The results show that as the particle moves along the axis, temperature and pressure decreases, having the points of mayor temperature and pressure around the axis. The conclusion of this work is that it is possible to simulate the interactions between the beam, the micro-particle and the surrounding medium in terms of temperature, velocity and pressure using the energy and viscous model.

  3. KSC-04PD-1195

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Mayor Wayne Malugen of Potosi, Mo., poses with astronaut Dom Gorie after a presentation by KSC Deputy Director Dr. Woodrow Whitlow and Gorie to students and faculty at Trojan Intermediate School. Whitlow and Gorie are sharing Americas new vision for space exploration with the next generation of explorers. They are talking with students about our destiny as explorers, NASAs stepping stone approach to exploring Earth, the Moon, Mars and beyond, how space impacts our lives, and how people and machines rely on each other in space. Students from three area schools Potosi High School, John Evans Middle School and Trojan are on a team taking part in NASAs Explorer Schools program.

  4. Russian thistle pollinosis: form allergen characterization to specific immunotherapy treatment.

    PubMed

    Colas, Carlos; Lezaun, Apolinar

    2009-01-01

    Chenopodiacea/Amaranthacea pollen is an important cause of respiratory allergy around the world. The problem could be aggravated because in desert or desert-like countries, these weeds are used in greening programmes or as ornamental plants. As climate tendencies should maintain in future decades, relevance of Chenopodiacea/Amaranthacea pollen allergy will go up. Relationship between airborne pollen grains and symptoms may not follow conventional patterns, and a wide lag between pollen counts and symptoms has been observed. Allergens from Chenopodium album y Salsola kali are probably the best known. A mayor band protein of 40-43 kDa has been associated with the main Salsola kali allergen, named sal k 1 and now recognised as pectin methyltranspherase or glucose 3 phosphate dehidrogenase. Systemic immunotherapy is effective and safe, improving symptoms, medication intake and Quality of Life and also reduces cutaneous allergen response. PMID:19273379

  5. Evaluation of the peak torque, total work, average power of flexor-estensor and prono-supinator muscles of the elbow in baseball players.

    PubMed

    Costantino, Cosimo; Vaienti, Enrico; Pogliacomi, Francesco

    2003-08-01

    The Authors, after a short analysis on biomechanics of the elbow during throwing in baseball, show the movements of the elbow during the different phases of the throw and the stabilizing action of the ulnar collateral ligament, flexor-pronator muscles of the wrist, anconeus and brachial triceps muscles. Aim of this study is the evaluation of the peak torque, total work and average power of the flexor-extensor and pronator-supinator muscles of the elbows in professional baseball players. Isokinetic test data show that a mayor peak torque in flexo-extension at power and resistance test in the pitchers compared to the strikers. Whereas the strikers show a higher peak torque in pronation at the resistance test. This may happen because during a baseball match the ball is hit many times by the bat and the pronator muscle of the wrist are notably stimulated and reinforced. PMID:14509917

  6. Agave turneri (Agavaceae), a new species from northeastern Baja California, Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Webb, R.H.; Salazar-Cesena, J. M.

    2011-01-01

    Agave turneri, a new species of Agave from the Sierras Cucap?? and El Mayor in northeastern Baja California, Mexico, is a medium-sized species that does not produce offsets, has a relatively short and narrow panicle, and has a distinctive flower structure. The closest relatives to this new species are Agave moranii, which occurs approximately 200 km to the south of the type locality, and A. deserti var. simplex, which occurs in Arizona and California. This new species is a narrow endemic restricted to specific granodiorite and tonalite habitats in a hyperarid environment. Agave turneri appears to be a critically endangered owing to its habitat preference for specific types of granite in the Sierra Cucap??, threats due to prolonged drought and global change, and its close proximity to the Mexicali metropolitan area. ?? 2010 The New York Botanical Garden.

  7. Agave turneri (Agavaceae), a new species from northeastern Baja California, Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Webb, Robert H.; Salazar-Ceseña, J. Mario

    2011-01-01

    Agave turneri, a new species of Agave from the Sierras Cucapá and El Mayor in northeastern Baja California, Mexico, is a medium-sized species that does not produce offsets, has a relatively short and narrow panicle, and has a distinctive flower structure. The closest relatives to this new species are Agave moranii, which occurs approximately 200 km to the south of the type locality, and A. deserti var. simplex, which occurs in Arizona and California. This new species is a narrow endemic restricted to specific granodiorite and tonalite habitats in a hyperarid environment. Agave turneri appears to be a critically endangered owing to its habitat preference for specific types of granite in the Sierra Cucapá, threats due to prolonged drought and global change, and its close proximity to the Mexicali metropolitan area.

  8. The Complete (3-D) Co-Seismic Displacements Using Point-Like Targets Tracking With Ascending And Descending SAR Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Xie; Wang, Teng; Liao, Mingsheng

    2013-12-01

    SAR Interferometry (InSAR) has its unique advantages, e.g., all weather/time accessibility, cm-level accuracy and large spatial coverage, however, it can only obtain one dimensional measurement along line-of-sight (LOS) direction. Offset tracking is an important complement to measure large and rapid displacements in both azimuth and range directions. Here we perform offset tracking on detected point-like targets (PT) by calculating the cross-correlation with a sinc-like template. And a complete 3-D displacement field can be derived using PT offset tracking from a pair of ascending and descending data. The presented case study on 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake helps us better understand the rupture details.

  9. Astrobiology And Extrasolar Planets- A New Lecture Course At Potsdam University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Franck, S. A.; von Bloh, W.; Bounama, Ch.

    2006-08-01

    Astrobiology studies the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life on Earth and in the Universe. This addresses a very wide range of questions that have been asked by mankind from the beginning. On the other hand, the discovery of the first extrasolar planet orbiting a Sun-like star by Mayor and Queloz in 1995 opened a new area for astrobiological research. Although most of the newly discovered extrasolar planets are giants with no underlying solid surfaces or oceans that could support a biosphere, the distribution of masses lets scientists suppose that there must be a multitude of planets with lower masses, including Earth-mass planets. The lecture course contains the following topics: Survey about Extrasolar Planets, Detection Methods, Simple Earth System Models, Dynamical Earth System Models, Habitable Zones, Dynamical Habitability, Rare Earth Hypothesis, Drake Formula, Panspermia, Origin of Life, Cambrian Explosion, Impacts and Climate, Long-Term Future Scenarios, Future Space Missions.

  10. Zipf's Law Application To Oil Spill Detection In The Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Platonov, A.; Redondo, J. M.

    One of the results of the CLEAN SEAS European Union project using SAR imaging of European Coastal Waters was the statistical analysis and detection of thousands of oil spills and slicks in the three compared sections, Baltic Sea, North Sea and N.W. Mediterranean. The results of another European Project, OIL WATCH together with the past 30 years of recorded mayor tanker accidental oil spills have been used in a predictive scheme that subject to spatial and temporal normalization of these two different scale processes clearly shows that the annual probability of the occurence of an oil spill follows Zipf's law. Local deviations from the law may be also explained in terms of multifractal analysis.

  11. Adapting Low-Tech Gear to Exoplanet Discovery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brown, Timothy M.

    2014-01-01

    The discovery of 51 Peg b by Mayor and Queloz revealed (among other things) that discovering extrasolar planets, though certainly difficult, was not as hard as professional astronomers had previously thought. At the same time, the astronomical equipment available to amateurs -- including optics, mountings, and CCD detectors -- had become quite capable. This combination of factors led to successful exoplanet programs that leaned heavily on amateur-grade hardware, seeking faster development times and lower costs than were possible for traditional no-compromises astronomical instrument programs. I will describe two of these in which I played a role: the AFOE (Advanced Fiber Optic Echelle) spectrograph, and the STellar Astrophysics and Research on Exoplanets (STARE) transit-search wide-field imager.

  12. Co-sponsored second quarter progress review conference on district heating

    SciTech Connect

    1980-01-01

    A summary of the progress review conference on district heating and cooling systems is presented. The agenda and lists of speakers and attendees are presented. A history of district heating and some present needs and future policies are given and an excerpt from the National District Heating Program Strategy (DOE, March 1980) is included. Following the presentation, District Heating and Cooling Systems Program, by Alan M. Rubin, a fact sheet on DOE's Integrated Community Energy Systems Program and information from an oral presentation, District Heating and Cooling Systems for Communities Through Power Plant Retrofit Distribution Network, are given. The Second Quarterly Oral Report to the US DOE on the District Heating and Cooling Project in Detroit; the executive summary of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration Project; the Second Quarterly Report of the Moorehead, Minnesota District Heating Project; and the report from the Moorehead, Minnesota mayor on the Hot Water District Heating Project are presented.

  13. The pioneering use of a questionnaire to investigate a food borne disease outbreak in early 20th century Britain

    PubMed Central

    Morabia, A.; Hardy, A.

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the investigation by a British local government board inspector in 1902, H Timbrell Bulstrode, into the cause of an outbreak of enteric fever after a mayoral banquet given at Winchester. This investigation helped to confirm the role of oysters as an agent of transmission of typhoid fever. The data are also reanalysed using a modern approach, which confirmed the role of oysters (odds ratio = 11.2, 95% CI 2.5 to 50.1). This episode is illustrative of the role of British public health inspectors at the turn of the 20th century as well as of the conditions in which the technique of investigating outbreaks of food borne diseases using a standardised menu was developed. Current methods of outbreak investigations that differ from Bulstrode's pioneering work are also discussed. PMID:15650138

  14. THE FREQUENCY OF HOT JUPITERS ORBITING NEARBY SOLAR-TYPE STARS

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, J. T.; Marcy, G. W.; Howard, A. W.; Johnson, John Asher; Morton, T. D.; Fischer, D. A.

    2012-07-10

    We determine the fraction of F, G, and K dwarfs in the solar neighborhood hosting hot Jupiters as measured by the California Planet Survey from the Lick and Keck planet searches. We find the rate to be 1.2% {+-} 0.38%, which is consistent with the rate reported by Mayor et al. from the HARPS and CORALIE radial velocity (RV) surveys. These numbers are more than double the rate reported by Howard et al. for Kepler stars and the rate of Gould et al. from the OGLE-III transit search; however, due to small number statistics these differences are of only marginal statistical significance. We explore some of the difficulties in estimating this rate from the existing RV data sets and comparing RV rates to rates from other techniques.

  15. Recommendations on the proposed Monitored Retrievable Storage Facility

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-10-01

    Following the Department of Energy's announcement in April 1985 that three Tennessee sites were to be considered for the Monitored Retrievable Storage facility, Governor Lamar Alexander initiated a review of the proposal to be coordinated by his Safe Growth Team. Roane County and the City of Oak Ridge, the local governments sharing jurisdiction over DOE's primary and secondary sites, were invited to participate in the state's review of the MRS proposal. Many issues related to the proposed MRS are being considered by the Governor's Safe Growth Team. The primary objective of the Clinch River MRS Task Force has been to determine whether the proposed Monitored Retrievable Storage facility should be accepted by the local governments, and if so, under what conditions. The Clinch River MRS Task Force is organized into an Executive Committee cochaired by the Roane County Executive and Mayor of Oak Ridge and three Study Groups focusing on environmental (including health and safety), socioeconomic, and transportation issues.

  16. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Physical parameters of cool solar-type stars (Tsantaki+, 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsantaki, M.; Sousa, S. G.; Adibekyan, V. Zh.; Santos, N. C.; Mortier, A.; Israelian, G.

    2013-07-01

    The stellar sample, presented in Sousa et al. 2008, Cat. J/A+A/487/373, is composed of 451 stars as part of the HARPS high-precision GTO program at the ESO La Silla 3.6m telescope with the objective to detect low-mass extra-solar planets with high radial velocity accuracy (Mayor et al. 2003Msngr.114...20M). It is mainly comprised of dwarf FGK stars selected from a volume-limited sample of the CORALIE survey (Udry et al. 2000, Cat. J/A+A/356/590). The spectra have a resolution of R~110000 and 90% of the combined spectra have S/N higher than 200. Table 2 is the iron line list used for the spectroscopic analysis with the atomic data as well as the corresponding EWs of the reference star HD21749. Table 3 are the derived stellar parameters of the 451 stars. (2 data files).

  17. Commission 53: Extrasolar Planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boss, Alan; Lecavelier des Etangs, Alain; Mayor, Michel; Bodenheimer, Peter; Collier-Cameron, Andrew; Kokubo, Eiichiro; Mardling, Rosemary; Minniti, Dante; Queloz, Didier

    2012-04-01

    Commission 53 was created at the 2006 Prague General Assembly (GA) of the IAU, in recognition of the outburst of astronomical progress in the field of extrasolar planet discovery, characterization, and theoretical work that has occurred since the discovery of the first planet in orbit around a solar-type star in 1995. Commission 53 is the logical successor to the IAU Working Group on Extrasolar Planets (WGESP), which ended its six years of existence in August 2006. The founding President of Commission 53 was Michael Mayor, in honor of his seminal contributions to this new field of astronomy. The current President is Alan Boss, the former chair of the WGESP. The current members of the Commission 53 (C53) Organizing Committee (OC) began their service in August 2009 at the conclusion of the Rio de Janeiro IAU GA.

  18. Coseismic Offsets on PBO Borehole Strainmeters: Real, or Spurious?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barbour, A. J.; Agnew, D. C.

    2010-12-01

    We have observed coseismic strain offsets during many significant earthquakes, at all locations in the 74-instrument PBO borehole strainmeter (BSM) network. The M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake of April 4, 2010 induced the largest offsets thus far, on BSMs located within the San Jacinto fault zone - the "Anza cluster". Here we present analyses of trends in the observed offsets for the Anza cluster, as well as inspection of their inferred borehole lithology. We find that offsets rarely agree with elastic dislocation theory in magnitude and sign, and speculate that they are controlled more by localized geologic constraints than by triggered fault slip, as has been suggested in previous studies (e.g. Linde and Johnson, 1989).

  19. Identification of Genes Responsible for Natural Variation in Volatile Content Using Next-Generation Sequencing Technology.

    PubMed

    Amaya, Iraida; Pillet, Jeremy; Folta, Kevin M

    2016-01-01

    Identification of the genes controlling the variation of key traits remains a challenge for plant researchers and represents a goal for the development of functional markers and their implementation in marker-assisted crop breeding. As an example we describe the identification of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that segregate as single locus or mayor quantitative trait loci (QTL) in strawberry F1 segregating populations. Next, we describe a fast and efficient method for RNA extraction in strawberry that yields high-quality RNA for downstream RNA-seq analysis. Finally, two alternative methods for analysis of global transcript expression in contrasting lines will be described in order to identify the candidate gene and genes with differential expression using RNA-seq. PMID:26577779

  20. Ground based astrometric search for extrasolar planets in stellar multiple systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Röll, T.; Seifahrt, A.; Neuhäuser, R.; Köhler, R.; Bean, J.

    2011-02-01

    Using relative astrometry and ground based imaging, we study nearby stellar multiple systems in order to detect the astrometric signal of exoplanets around one of the stellar components. We suppress differential chromatic refraction effects by observing in the near infrared with a narrow-band filter and by choosing an iterative calibration strategy (using a stellar cluster) we obtain a precision down to 100 μas in our relative astrometric measurements. This allows us to study the occurence and properties of exoplanets in nearby (less than 100 pc) stellar multiple systems. While trying to detect the astrometric signal of the exoplanet orbiting HD19994 A (Mayor et al. 2004), we detected the astrometric signal of a further object around the B component. This astrometric detection is confirmed by speckle interferometry and follow-up radial velocity (RV) observations. Thus, HD19994 is an exoplanet host-triple system.

  1. Microfluorometric Detection of Catecholamines with Multiphoton-Excited Fluorescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balaji, J.; Reddy, Chandra S.; Kaushalya, S. K.; Maiti, Sudipta

    2004-04-01

    We demonstrate sensitive spatially resolved detection of physiological chromophores that emit in the ultraviolet (less than 330 nm). An atypical laser source (a visible wavelength femtosecond optical parametric oscillator), and an unconventional collection geometry (a lensless detector that detects the forward-emitted fluorescence) enable this detection. We report the excitation spectra of the catecholamines dopamine and norepinephrine, together with near-UV emitters serotonin and tryptophan, in the range of 550-595 nm. We estimate the molecular two-photon action cross section of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin to be 1.2 mGM (1 GM, or Goppert Mayor, is equal to 10^-58 m^4 s^-1 photon^-1), 2 mGM, and 43 mGM, respectively, at 560 nm. The sensitivity achieved by this method holds promise for the microscopic imaging of vesicular catecholamines in live cells.

  2. NO2 over the Tropics and the Arctic measured by AMAXDOAS in September 2002

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heue, Klaus-Peter; Bruns, Marco; Burrows, John P.; Lee, Wei-Der; Platt, Ulrich; Pundt, Irene; Richter, Andreas; Wagner, Thomas; Wang, Ping

    2003-08-01

    The Air borne Multi AXis DOAS (AMAXDOAS) was successfully operated during two connected campaigns in summer 2002 and winter 2003. It was installed aboard the DLR Falcon. The campaigns reached from the Arctic to the Tropics. They were part of the national SCIAMACHY validation program and therefore revered to as SCIA values. Together with the AMAXDOAS the OLEX (Lidar) and the ASUR (Microwave) were operated onboard the aeroplane. With up to ten different viewing angles, looking above and below the aircraft, AMAXDOAS can distinguish between the corresponding columns for many trace gases e.g.: BrO, H2O, HCHO, NO2, O3, SO2. For SCIAMACHY validation the separation of tropospheric and stratospheric columns is of mayor interest. In this article first steps towards the separation are shown.

  3. Psychological aspects in children affected by duchenne de boulogne muscular dystrophy.

    PubMed

    Filippo, Teresa Di; Parisi, Lucia; Roccella, Michele

    2012-07-26

    Impairment of intelligence in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients was described by Duchenne de Boulogne himself in 1868. Further studies report intelligence disorders with mayor impairment of memory. The aim of the present study was to assess the presence of affective and personality disorders in a group of children affected by DMD. Twenty six male DMD patients, mean age eleven and four months years old, were assessed for their affective and personality disorder. Only eight subjects had a total IQ below average with major difficulties in verbal and visual-spatial memory, comprehension, arithmetic and vocabulary. All the subjects presented some disorders: tendency to marginalization and isolation, self-depreciation, sense of insecurity, hypochondriac thoughts and marked state of anxiety. These disorders are often a dynamic prolongation of a psychological process which starts when the diagnosis is made and continues, in a slow and latent fashion, throughout the evolution of the disease. PMID:25478112

  4. Mid-infrared Otto excitation of transverse electric modes in doped graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramos-Mendieta, F.

    2015-04-01

    We have studied numerically the excitation of surface modes of transverse electric polarization in doped graphene. Using the prism-based Otto configuration, the electromagnetic resonances were found within ultra-tiny angular windows of width of order of ? ? i = 10-3 degrees or lower, beyond the critical angle where evanescent fields are already available. We obtained absorption peaks of angular position strongly dependent on the prism-graphene separation d, which is larger than dc, the cutoff prism-graphene separation. We prove numerically that dc depends on the graphene parameters and can be written as d c = ? / 2 , where ? ( ? ) is the decay length of the electromagnetic field of the modes. With doping levels of Fermi energy 0.2 eV ? ? ? 0.3 eV, we found resonances within the range of 80-145 THz. The numerical calculations show the mayor role played by the graphene losses that, indeed, can obliterate the mode resonance.

  5. Statistical panorama of female physics graduate students for 2000-2010 in Peru

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cerón Loayza, María Luisa; Bravo Cabrejos, Jorge Aurelio

    2013-03-01

    We report the results of a statistical study on the number of women entering the undergraduate and master's programs of physics at Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos in Peru. From 2006 through 2010, 13 female students entered the master's degree program but no females graduated with the degree. Considering that Peru is a developing country, a career in physics is not considered an attractive professional choice even for male students because it is thought that there are no work centers to practice this profession. We recommend that the causes preventing female physics students from completing their studies and research work be analyzed, and that strategies be planned to help women complete their academic work. We are considering getting help from the Peruvian Physics Society (SOPERFI) in order to draw more attention for our plan.

  6. [Prominent personalities from the tropical dermatology field in Peru].

    PubMed

    Burstein Alva, Zuño

    2014-01-01

    This article pays tribute to three Peruvian medical personalities: José Neyra Ramirez (1929-2012), Abelardo Tejada (1931-2013) and Oscar Romero Rivas (1929-2011), highlighting their valuable contributions to the field of Tropical Dermatology and Health Medicine that benefited public health and Peruvian medical education. The article mentions the formation of a group of young researchers called “The Anacoretas”, including professors Hugo Pesce, Enrique Encinas, Juan Francisco Valegas in Lima; and Enerst Nausk and Victor Manchego in Germany, who, with the support of the Peruvian and German governments promoted and created the first university research center of Tropical Medicine on the Pacific Coast of Latin America called Daniel A. Carrion Tropical Medicine Institute at Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos in Lima (TMI/UNMSM). PMID:25597737

  7. Why 400 Years to Discover Countless Planets?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carr, Paul H.

    2011-04-01

    In 1584, Dominican monk Giordano Bruno envisioned the stars as "countless suns with countless earths, all rotating around their suns." Searching for intellectual freedom, he fled his native Italy to Protestant Switzerland and Germany, but in 1600 the Roman Inquisition condemned him for heresy. He was burned at the stake. Fast-forwarding to 1995, the Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz announced the discovery of a planet orbiting a star similar to our sun (51 Pegasi). In 2010, 500 planets had been found orbiting 421 stars. On Feb 2, 2011, NASA announced 1200 planet candidates. It took 400 years for telescope technology to advance and for Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, Bradley, and Foucault to make major contributions, culminating in today's astrophysics with digital imaging and processing. Contrasting with Bruno, in 2010 Dominican Francisco Ayala, who had been president of the Sigma Xi and AAAS, won the 1.6M Templeton Prize for affirming life's spiritual dimension.

  8. Anticipating Future Sea Level Rise and Coastal Storms in New York City (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horton, R. M.; Gornitz, V.; Bader, D.; Little, C. M.; Oppenheimer, M.; Patrick, L.; Orton, P. M.; Rosenzweig, C.; Solecki, W.

    2013-12-01

    Hurricane Sandy caused 43 fatalities in New York City and 19 billion in damages. Mayor Michael Bloomberg responded by convening the second New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC2), to provide up-to-date climate information for the City's Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resiliency (SIRR). The Mayor's proposed 20 billion plan aims to strengthen the City's resilience to coastal inundation. Accordingly, the NPCC2 scientific and technical support team generated a suite of temperature, precipitation, and sea level rise and extreme event projections through the 2050s. The NPCC2 sea level rise projections include contributions from ocean thermal expansion, dynamic changes in sea surface height, mass changes in glaciers, ice caps, and ice sheets, and land water storage. Local sea level changes induced by changes in ice mass include isostatic, gravitational, and rotational effects. Results are derived from CMIP5 model-based outputs, expert judgment, and literature surveys. Sea level at the Battery, lower Manhattan, is projected to rise by 7-31 in (17.8-78.7cm) by the 2050s relative to 2000-2004 (10 to 90 percentile). As a result, flood heights above NAVD88 for the 100-year storm (stillwater plus waves) would rise from 15.0 ft (0.71 m) in the 2000s to 15.6-17.6 ft (4.8-5.4 m) by the 2050s (10-90 percentile). The annual chance of today's 100-year flood would increase from 1 to 1.4-5.0 percent by the 2050s.

  9. Post-Seismic Strain and Stress Evolution from Continuous GPS Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shcherbenko, Gina Nicole

    Strain evolution and stress evolution following the 4 April 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake are modeled using an adaptation of the strain transient detection tool developed by Holt and Shcherbenko 2013. The evolution of stress is calculated from postseismic strains, which are modeled from continuous GPS horizontal displacements. Strain fields are modeled in 2 ways; the total strain field based on total observed cGPS displacements, and the residual strain field, which subtracts a reference field from the total model. The residual shows anomalous strains resulting from the postseismic relaxation of the 2010 event. Anomalous and total strains are modeled in 0.1 year epochs for 2.4 years following the event. Both total and anomalous strains are converted into stress changes over time, assuming elastic incompressible behavior. Following the El Mayor event, the GPS constrained strain evolution shows the following: (1) The Southern San Andreas experiences a reduced rate of right-lateral strike slip strain accumulation between 3 July 2010 and 7 August 2012 (Figure 16a-d). (2) The San Jacinto Fault has normal rate of right-lateral strike-slip strain accumulation during this time. (3) Before the Brawley swarm of 26 August 2012, the state of strain evolves to enable unclamping of a left-lateral fault zone in the Brawley Seismic Zone (Figure 16a-d). (4) Large shear strains accumulate on the Laguna Salada Fault (northernmost segment)/southern Elsinore FZ (Figure 16a-d). We converted the strain changes into Coulomb stress changes on existing faults (both right-lateral and left-lateral). Several regions show increased Coulomb stress changes throughout the postseismic process. Furthermore, the Coulomb stress changes on the faults in the region progressively increase toward failure up to the time of the Brawley swarm.

  10. Linking levels of societal and ecosystems metabolism of water in a Mediterranean watershed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cabello, V.

    2014-12-01

    Water resources degradation is a complex environmental problem that involves multiple dimensions and scales of analysis. The Socio-Ecological Systems Water Metabolism has been proposed as a general holistic framework to deal with integrated analysis of water use sustainability (Madrid and Giampietro 2014). The innovation of the approach is that it sets the research focus beyond the classical supply-demand modeling to societal integrity and ecosystems integrity. To do so, it integrates quantitative grammars of water use (relating water exchange to societal and ecosystems organization) and qualitative methods (discourse analysis). This work presents the first case study focused at a river basin extent: the Upper Andarax, in South-East Spain. Water metabolism is indicated at multiple levels for ecosystems and society. To deal with the interfaces among them, relational indicators of water exploitation, water use and impact over ecosystems are used alongside policies and narratives analysis.While being a rather not intensively exploited river basin (year Water Exploitation Index~0.3 blue water,~0.15 green water), impacts over water bodies are yet important (periodic aquifer overdraft, biological degradation of the river) especially during dry season. Perceived mayor problems of water sustainability are generated by the not integration of different policies at European, national and regional scales: while the water authority establishes a compulsory reduction over water withdrawal to attend environmental flows, agricultural markets force to raise productivity increasing water demands. Adaptation strategies are divided among irrigation efficiency improvement and a reorientation of the economy towards touristic activities. Both of them entail specific trade-offs to be deemed. Aquifer-river interactions and climate change impacts are yet mayor research challenges.

  11. Programmed home visits by nursing professionals to older adults: prevention or treatment?1

    PubMed Central

    Dios-Guerra, Caridad; Carmona-Torres, Juan Manuel; Ruíz-Gándara, África; Muñoz-Alonso, Adoración; Rodríguez-Borrego, María-Aurora

    2015-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: conocer la repercusión de la visita domiciliaria de los profesionales en enfermería a personas de 65 años o más, pluripatológicas, en morbimortalidad. MÉTODO: estudio retrospectivo caso-control por auditoria de historias clínicas. Muestreo aleatorio. Variables principales morbilidad, mortalidad; descriptivas: visitas de la enfermera, filiación, datos clínicos y socio sanitarios. Análisis por medidas de tendencia central, dispersión, posición, tabulación, frecuencias relativas, absolutas; no paramétricas, contrastes χ2; Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney. RESULTADOS: se estudiaron a 1743 pacientes, de ellos 199 recibieron visita domiciliaria; la edad media de quien recibe visita es de 81,99 años; estos presentan mayor número de patologías de media 3,76; habitan en domicilio particular, si bien en conjunto presentan más institucionalización que los controles; el 50% no tiene identificado el Cuidador Principal; es mayor el número de visitas de las enfermeras a los pacientes que viven en residencias (p < 0,001). El 50% de casos no tiene plan de cuidados, con relación significativa (p < 0,001). No existen diferencias significativas en tiempo de vida entre los casos y los controles. CONCLUSIÓN: la visita domiciliaria del profesional en enfermería no repercute en la morbimortalidad; visita a los pacientes cuando ya ha aparecido el problema de salud, no hay datos de prevención. PMID:26312638

  12. Linking Federal, State, and Local Adaptation Strategies in New York (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosenzweig, C.

    2010-12-01

    New York City and New York State are leaders in adaptation in the U.S. In 2008 Mayor Bloomberg convened the NYC Climate Change Adaptation Task Force and the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC). Also in 2008, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) initiated the Integrated Assessment for Effective Climate Change Adaptation Strategies (ClimAID), to provide New York State decision-makers with cutting-edge information on its vulnerability to climate change and to facilitate the development of adaptation strategies informed by both local experience and scientific knowledge. The two efforts are working together to develop effective adaptation strategies across multiple jurisdictions. The New York Task Force consists of approximate 40 city, state, and federal agencies, regional public authorities, and private companies that operate, maintain, or regulate critical infrastructure in the region. The NPCC consisted of climate change and impacts scientists, and legal, insurance, and risk-management experts and served as the technical advisory body for the Mayor and the Task Force on issues related to climate change, impacts, and adaptation. In its 2010 report, the NPCC recommended adoption of a risk-based approach to climate change; creation of a monitoring program to track and analyze key climate change factors, impacts, and adaptation indicators; review of relevant standards and codes; inclusion of multiple layers of government and a wide range of public and private stakeholder experts to build buy-in; and formation of crucial partnerships for development of coordinated adaptation strategies. The task now is for these partnerships to create pilot programs that move adaptation from the planning phase to implementation; urban areas can provide critical ‘test-beds’ for such efforts.

  13. Characterizing postseismic decay of several earthquakes in the western US from GPS time-series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Y.; Kreemer, C. W.; Blewitt, G.

    2011-12-01

    Geodetic techniques usually detect transient deformation after major earthquakes. This postseismic behavior has been explained in terms of fault afterslip, viscoelastic relaxation, and/or poroelastic rebound. Some studies argue for only afterslip while others explain the process exclusively in terms of viscoelastic relaxation. For afterslip studies, the inferred decay time of the relaxation seems to vary widely between different earthquakes. The goal of this study is to shed some new light on the dominating postseismic mechanism in space and time after a number of different earthquakes. To do so, we perform a new and uniform analysis of continuous GPS time-series in the western U.S. We deploy two techniques to characterize the decay after several earthquakes: 1) least-squares inversion with either a logarithmic or exponential decay term, or 2) principal component analysis (PCA). We perform our analysis for different data spans and distance after/from the following events: 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah, 2010 Eureka, 2008 Mogul, 2007 Alum Rock, 2005 Northern California, 2004 Parkfield, 2003 San Simeon, and 1999 Hector Mine. PCA analysis for data starting after the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake until today gives one clear principal component for 24 stations within 100 km distance around epicenter. But when we consider shorter time-spans, a second principal component becomes predominant Our results also show for the same event that logarithmic decay times for stations within 300 km range from 25 to 300 days. There is a general increasing trend with increasing distance from the rupture. Beyond 300 km, the values are either too large or too small to be realistic, which suggests that the post-seismic process is not notable in that region. Our goal is to be able to separate afterslip from relaxation processes and to compare afterslip decay times for each event with some general characteristics of the earthquake itself, such as moment, mechanism, and stress drop.

  14. Relations of oxidative stress in freshwater phytoplankton with heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

    PubMed

    Vega-López, Armando; Ayala-López, Griselda; Posadas-Espadas, Brenda P; Olivares-Rubio, Hugo F; Dzul-Caamal, Ricardo

    2013-08-01

    The phytoplankton is the basis of food webs and also, may bioconcentrate different toxic substances. This phenomenon is well documented, but there are few studies on the toxic effects on the phytoplankton community. In the current study the relation of oxidative stress (TBARS, ROOH, RC=O) and antioxidant defenses (activities of SOD, CAT, GPx and GST) of two phytoplankton communities with BCF of heavy metals (Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, Zn) and of PAHs (naphthalene, pyrene, indenol, benzo[a]pyrene, benzo[a]anthracene, benzo[b]fluoranthene) was tested. Three sampling surveys were conducted bimonthly on the surface and bottom at different sampling points in the lakes Menor and Mayor of the 2nd section of Chapultepec Park. Also negative and positive controls obtained in the laboratory were included. Toxicity relationships were analyzed using the integrated biomarker response (IBR). Both green algae and cyanobacteria dominated. The contents of ROOH and protein oxidation assessed as RC=O were higher in the Lago Menor, a water body that contains ancient sediments. Through the IBR it was demonstrated that these damages were influenced by Pb, indenol and benzo[b]fluoranthene. In contrast, TBARS content was higher in Lago Mayor, which has sediment in formation. Through IBR it was estimated that Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, indenol and benzo[b]fluoranthene were related to this damage. However, oxidative stress was accompanied by an induction of CAT and SOD, in contrast, GPx and GST had low or null activity. The field data were similar to the positive controls. We demonstrated for the first time that, although the phytoplankton suffers oxidative stress elicited by metals and PAHs, this community is able to counter this damage through antioxidant defenses. The effects of organic or inorganic toxics in phytoplankton depend on their bioavailability that is modulated by the sediment and also by its physicochemical properties and the characteristics of the abiotic medium. PMID:23415686

  15. Nuevas Galaxias Seyfert 1 Australes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maza, J.; Ruiz, M. T.

    1987-05-01

    En 1984 se inició una extensión del "survey" de Tololo que de- sarrollara en 1975 Smith, con la cámara Curtis-Schmidt y el prisma UV delgado. Utilizando placas IIIaJ horneadas, sin filtro, expues tas 90 minutos sin ensanchamiento se han obtenido a la fecha más de 150 placas que cubren la zona entre -20° y -45° a latitudes galácticas mayores de 20°; se presenta un detalle de las franjas que comprende el survey Calan-Tololo, indicando el grado de completitud de las mismas. Se ha encontrado un gran número de galaxias con líneas de emisión entre las cuales las más frecuentes, más de 300, son galaxias irregulares con formación estelar violenta ("starburst galaxies"). Se ha encontrado un número de cuasares cercano a 100; casi todos ellos tienen la linea Lyman alfa en la zona entre 3300 y 5300 A, que corresponde a un rango de corrimientosal rojo 1.7< z <3.3 el cuasar con mayor corri- miento al rojo encontrado a la fecha en el survey tiene z = 3.1. La información detallada sobre cuasares y galaxias tipo "starburst" será presentada en otro lugar. Entre los objetos más interesantes encontrados en el survey Calán- Tololo destacan unas 50 nuevas galaxias Seyfert 1. Estas galaxias han sido encontradas por su fuerte exceso UV y su brillante núcleo, más que por sus intensas lineas de emisión. Hemos observado espectroscópicamente, en el Observatorio Interamericano de Cerro Tololo, 37 de ellas para las cuales se presentan cartas de identificación, coordenadas y los datos espectroscópicos obtenidos.

  16. Exploring extrasolar worlds: from gas giants to terrestrial habitable planets.

    PubMed

    Tinetti, Giovanna; Griffith, Caitlin A; Swain, Mark R; Deroo, Pieter; Beaulieu, Jean Philippe; Vasisht, Gautam; Kipping, David; Waldmann, Ingo; Tennyson, Jonathan; Barber, Robert J; Bouwman, Jeroen; Allard, Nicole; Brown, Linda R

    2010-01-01

    Almost 500 extrasolar planets have been found since the discovery of 51 Peg b by Mayor and Queloz in 1995. The traditional field of planetology has thus expanded its frontiers to include planetary environments not represented in our Solar System. We expect that in the next five years space missions (Corot, Kepler and GAIA) or ground-based detection techniques will both increase exponentially the number of new planets discovered and lower the present limit of a approximately 1.9 Earth-mass object [e.g. Mayor et al., Astron. Astrophys., 2009, 507, 487]. While the search for an Earth-twin orbiting a Sun-twin has been one of the major goals pursued by the exoplanet community in the past years, the possibility of sounding the atmospheric composition and structure of an increasing sample of exoplanets with current telescopes has opened new opportunities, unthinkable just a few years ago. As a result, it is possible now not only to determine the orbital characteristics of the new bodies, but moreover to study the exotic environments that lie tens of parsecs away from us. The analysis of the starlight not intercepted by the thin atmospheric limb of its planetary companion (transit spectroscopy), or of the light emitted/reflected by the exoplanet itself, will guide our understanding of the atmospheres and the surfaces of these extrasolar worlds in the next few years. Preliminary results obtained by interpreting current atmospheric observations of transiting gas giants and Neptunes are presented. While the full characterisation of an Earth-twin might requires a technological leap, our understanding of large terrestrial planets (so called super-Earths) orbiting bright, later-type stars is within reach by current space and ground telescopes. PMID:21302557

  17. Potential Next Steps for the New Orleans City Council Energy Efficiency Resolution

    SciTech Connect

    Doris, E.

    2011-09-01

    This document is adapted from an actual February 2008 deliverable memo and report delivered by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the Department of Energy Project Officer in February of 2008. In January 2008, the New Orleans Utility Committee requested review, commentary, and suggestions for Utility Committee next steps related to the Energy Efficiency Resolution (the Resolution) passed by the City Council in December 2007. The suggestions are reprinted here as: (1) An illustration of opportunities for other local governments for the development and implementation of effective energy efficiency ordinances and resolutions; and (2) An example of the type of policy technical assistance that DOE/NREL provides to communities. For more information on the strategy for delivering assistance, please see: www.nrel.gov/docs/fy11osti/48689.pdf. Based on experience in other communities and energy efficiency policies and programs, NREL found the Resolution to be a solid framework for increasing the responsible use of energy efficiency and reaping the associated economic and environmental benefits in the city of New Orleans. The remainder of this document provides the requested suggestions for next steps in implementing the word and spirit of the resolution. These suggestions integrate the extensive work of other entities, including the New Orleans Mayor's office, the New Orleans Energy Advisory Committee, the Energy Efficiency Initiative, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency. In general, three actions were suggested for funding mechanisms, two for near-term successes, and two for longer-term success.

  18. Making manufacturers responsible for recycling: Passing the garbage buck

    SciTech Connect

    Chilton, K.; Boerner, C.; Ansehl-Fellow, J.

    1995-09-01

    During a meeting with the Conference of Mayor and the National Association of Counties in April of 1993, Senator Max Baucus, then-Chairman of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, unveiled his solution to America`s {open_quotes}garbage crisis{close_quotes}. Modeled after Germany`s draconian {open_quotes}green dot{close_quotes} recycling program, the Senator`s solution rested on a principle which he called {open_quotes}manufacturers` responsibility for the life-cycle of a product.{close_quotes} {open_quotes}Anyone who sells a product,{close_quotes} Senator Baucus noted, {open_quotes}should also be responsible for the product when it becomes waste{close_quotes}. Other variations on this life-cycle stewardship concept were a central element of Congress`s failed attempts in 1992-1993 to reauthorize the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Likewise, on July 11, 1994 the United States Conference of Mayors` Energy and Environment Committee passed a resolution calling on Congress to study the concept of {open_quotes}shared responsibility for waste reduction{close_quotes}. The committee cited the virtues of Western Europe`s systems of manufacturers` responsibility and claimed that a U.S. version would create jobs, promote new environmental technology and {open_quotes}result in the emergence of entire new industries{close_quotes}. This report describes a recycling program in Germany in which the manaufacturers are responsible for waste collection. The overall waste reduction benefits are described.

  19. Lightest exoplanet yet discovered

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-04-01

    Well-known exoplanet researcher Michel Mayor today announced the discovery of the lightest exoplanet found so far. The planet, "e", in the famous system Gliese 581, is only about twice the mass of our Earth. The team also refined the orbit of the planet Gliese 581 d, first discovered in 2007, placing it well within the habitable zone, where liquid water oceans could exist. These amazing discoveries are the outcome of more than four years of observations using the most successful low-mass-exoplanet hunter in the world, the HARPS spectrograph attached to the 3.6-metre ESO telescope at La Silla, Chile. ESO PR Photo 15a/09 Artist's impression of Gliese 581 e ESO PR Photo 15b/09 A planet in the habitable zone ESO PR Video 15a/09 ESOcast 6 ESO PR Video 15b/09 VNR A-roll ESO PR Video 15c/09 Zoom-in on Gliese 581 e ESO PR Video 15d/09 Artist's impression of Gliese 581 e ESO PR Video 15e/09 Artist's impression of Gliese 581 d ESO PR Video 15f/09 Artist's impression of Gliese 581 system ESO PR Video 15g/09 The radial velocity method ESO PR Video 15h/09 Statement in English ESO PR Video 15i/09 Statement in French ESO PR Video 15j/09 La Silla Observatory "The holy grail of current exoplanet research is the detection of a rocky, Earth-like planet in the ‘habitable zone' -- a region around the host star with the right conditions for water to be liquid on a planet's surface", says Michel Mayor from the Geneva Observatory, who led the European team to this stunning breakthrough. Planet Gliese 581 e orbits its host star - located only 20.5 light-years away in the constellation Libra ("the Scales") -- in just 3.15 days. "With only 1.9 Earth-masses, it is the least massive exoplanet ever detected and is, very likely, a rocky planet", says co-author Xavier Bonfils from Grenoble Observatory. Being so close to its host star, the planet is not in the habitable zone. But another planet in this system appears to be. From previous observations -- also obtained with the HARPS spectrograph at ESO's La Silla Observatory and announced two years ago -- this star was known to harbour a system with a Neptune-sized planet (ESO 30/05) and two super-Earths (ESO 22/07). With the discovery of Gliese 581 e, the planetary system now has four known planets, with masses of about 1.9 (planet e), 16 (planet b), 5 (planet c), and 7 Earth-masses (planet d). The planet furthest out, Gliese 581 d, orbits its host star in 66.8 days. "Gliese 581 d is probably too massive to be made only of rocky material, but we can speculate that it is an icy planet that has migrated closer to the star," says team member Stephane Udry. The new observations have revealed that this planet is in the habitable zone, where liquid water could exist. "‘d' could even be covered by a large and deep ocean -- it is the first serious 'water world' candidate," continued Udry. The gentle pull of an exoplanet as it orbits the host star introduces a tiny wobble in the star's motion -- only about 7 km/hour, corresponding to brisk walking speed -- that can just be detected on Earth with today's most sophisticated technology. Low-mass red dwarf stars such as Gliese 581 are potentially fruitful hunting grounds for low-mass exoplanets in the habitable zone. Such cool stars are relatively faint and their habitable zones lie close in, where the gravitational tug of any orbiting planet found there would be stronger, making the telltale wobble more pronounced. Even so, detecting these tiny signals is still a challenge, and the discovery of Gliese 581 e and the refinement of Gliese 581 d's orbit were only possible due to HARPS's unique precision and stability. "It is amazing to see how far we have come since we discovered the first exoplanet around a normal star in 1995 -- the one around 51 Pegasi," says Mayor. "The mass of Gliese 581 e is 80 times less than that of 51 Pegasi b. This is tremendous progress in just 14 years." The astronomers are confident that they can still do better. "With similar observing conditions an Earth-like planet located in the middle of the habitable zone of a red dwarf star could be detectable," says Bonfils. "The hunt continues." Notes This discovery was announced today at the JENAM conference during the European Week of Astronomy & Space Science, which is taking place at the University of Hertfordshire, UK. The results have also been submitted for publication in the research journal Astronomy & Astrophysics ("The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets: XVIII. An Earth-mass planet in the GJ 581 planetary system", by Mayor et al., 2009). The team is composed of M. Mayor, S. Udry, C. Lovis, F. Pepe and D. Queloz (Geneva Observatory, Switzerland), X. Bonfils, T. Forveille , X. Delfosse, H. Beust and C. Perrier (LAOG, France), N. C. Santos (Centro de Astrofisica,Universidade de Porto), F. Bouchy (IAP, Paris, France) and J.-L. Bertaux (Service d'Aéronomie du CNRS, Verrières-le-Buisson, France). ESO, the European Southern Observatory, is the foremost intergovernmental astronomy organisation in Europe. It is supported by 14 countries: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. ESO carries out an ambitious programme focused on the design, construction and operation of powerful ground-based observing facilities enabling astronomers to make important scientific discoveries. ESO also plays a leading role in promoting and organising cooperation in astronomical research. ESO operates three unique world-class observing sites in the Atacama Desert region of Chile: La Silla, Paranal and Chajnantor.

  20. Compatibility and competitiveness of a laboratory strain of Anastrepha Fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae) after irradiation treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Allinghi, A.; Calcagno, G.; Gomez Cendra, P.; Vilardi, J.C.; Petit-Marty, N.; Segura, D.; Cladera, J.; Vera, T.; Gramajo, C.; Willink, E.

    2007-03-15

    We evaluated under semi-natural field cage conditions sexual compatibility and competitiveness of a laboratory strain (LAB) compared to a wild population (TUC) of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann). The LAB strain is produced under semi-mass rearing conditions at the Estacion Experimental Agroindustrial Obispo Colombres facility (Tucuman, Argentina). Wild flies were obtained at Horco Molle (Tucuman, Argentina) from infested guava fruits. LAB pupae were irradiated ({sup 60}Co) 48 h before adult emergence. The tested doses were 0 (control), 40, 70, and 100 Gy. Twenty-five males and 25 females each of TUC and LAB were released into cages and mating pairs collected. Only 1 irradiation dose was considered at a time. Females were separated and allowed to lay eggs into artificial fruits to estimate induced sterility from the corresponding hatching rate. Copulation start time did not differ significantly between strains nor among irradiation treatments. Copulation duration showed highly significant differences among irradiation doses, but no differences between strains. The index of sexual isolation (ISI) and the relative sterility index (RSI) indices indicated that LAB and TUC are fully compatible, males from TUC and LAB did not differ in mating competitiveness, and irradiation within the range tested did not affect these indices. Non-irradiated LAB females exhibited higher mating propensity than TUC ones. However, a significant reduction in the female relative performance index (FRPI) index was observed with increasing irradiation dose. The analysis of induced sterility indicated that treatment with 40 Gy reduces male fertility from about 80% to 0.75%, and higher doses produce total sterility. In females, the 40 Gy dose reduces fertility to about 2% and higher doses prevent egg laying. (author) [Spanish] Se evaluo bajo condiciones semi-naturales en jaulas de campo la compatibilidad y la competitividad sexual de una linea de laboratorio (LAB) con respecto a una poblacion salvaje (TUC) de Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann). La linea de laboratorio se produce en condiciones de cria semi-masiva en las instalaciones de la Estacion Experimental Agroindustrial Obispo Colombres (Tucuman, Argentina). Las moscas salvajes se obtuvieron de frutas infestadas de guayabos en Horco Molle (Tucuman, Argentina). Las pupas de laboratorio fueron irradiadas ({sup 60}Co) 48 horas antes de la emergencia del adulto. Las dosis utilizadas fueron 0 (control), 40, 70, y 100 Gy. Se liberaron 25 machos y 25 hembras de TUC y LAB dentro de las jaulas y se recolectaron las parejas formadas. Solo se considero 1 dosis de irradiacion por vez. Las hembras apareadas fueron separadas y se les permitio poner huevos en frutas artificiales para estimar la esterilidad inducida a traves del porcentaje de eclosion. La hora de inicio de la copula no difirio significativamente entre poblaciones ni entre los tratamientos de irradiacion. La duracion de la copula mostro grandes diferencias entre dosis de irradiacion pero no entre cepas. Los indices ISI (aislamiento) y el RSI (esterilidad relativa) indican que LAB y TUC son totalmente compatibles, los machos de TUC y LAB no difieren en su competitividad y la irradiacion dentro del rango de dosis utilizadas tampoco afecto este indice. Las hembras LAB no irradiadas muestran una mayor propension para el apareamiento que las hembras de TUC. Sin embargo se observo una reduccion significativa del indice FRPI (actuacion relativa de hembras) a medida que se aumenta la dosis de irradiacion. El analisis de la esterilidad inducida indica que con dosis de 40 Gy la fertilidad disminuye del 80% al 0.75%, y con dosis mayores la esterilidad fue total. Las hembras irradiadas con dosis de 40 Gy tienen una fertilidad de aproximadamente 2% y con dosis mayores no ponen huevos. (author)

  1. Moist convective storms in the atmosphere of Saturn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hueso, R.; Sánchez-Lavega, A.

    2003-05-01

    Moist convective storms might be a key aspect in the global energy budget of the atmospheres of the Giant Planets. In spite of its dull appearance, Saturn is known to develop the largest scale convective storms in the Solar System, the Great White Spots, the last of them arising in 1990 triggered a planetary scale disturbance that encircled the whole Equatorial region. However, Saturn seems to be very much less convective than Jupiter, being convective storms rare and small for the most part of the cases. Here we present simulations of moist convective storms in the atmosphere of Saturn at different latitudes, the Equator and 42 deg S, the regions where most of the convective activity of the planet has been observed. We use a 3D anelastic model of the atmosphere with parameterized microphysics (Hueso and Sánchez-Lavega, 2001) and we study the onset and evolution of moist convective storms. Ammonia storms are able to develop only if the static stability of the upper atmosphere is slightly decreased. Water storms are difficult to develop requiring very specific atmospheric conditions. However, when they develop they can be very energetic arriving at least to the 150 mbar level. The Coriolis forces play a mayor role in the characteristics of water based storms in the atmosphere of Saturn. The 3-D Coriolis forces at the Equator transfer upward momentum to westward motions acting to diminish the strength of the equatorial jet. The GWS of 1990 could have been a mayor force in reducing the intensity of the equatorial jet stream as revealed recently (Sánchez-Lavega et al. Nature, 2003). The Cassini spacecraft will arrive to Saturn in a year. Its observations of the atmosphere will allow to measure the amount of convective activity on the planet, its characteristics and it will clarify the role of moist convection in the atmospheric dynamics of the Giant Planets. Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the Spanish MCYT PNAYA 2000-0932. RH acknowledges a Post-doctoral fellowship from Gobierno Vasco.

  2. Educación sobre sexualidad y prevención del VIH: un diagnóstico para América Latina y el Caribe

    PubMed Central

    DeMaria, Lisa M.; Galárraga, Omar; Campero, Lourdes; Walker, Dilys M.

    2016-01-01

    RESUMEN Objetivo Mostrar, a través de un diagnóstico en América Latina y el Caribe, el panorama legislativo y curricular sobre sexualidad y prevención contra el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) en el ámbito escolar, contrastándolo con los comportamientos sexuales reportados en encuestas demográficas y de salud. Métodos En mayo de 2008 se realizó, con el apoyo del Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas (UNFPA), una encuesta a informantes clave en 34 países de la Región. El cuestionario autoaplicado solicitó información sustantiva de agentes de las diferentes partes interesadas, como ministerios de educación y de salud, sobre los programas de prevención contra el VIH/Sida que se están aplicando en las escuelas. Resultados Respondieron a la encuesta 27 países que representan 95,5% de la población objetivo (6 a 18 años de edad). La mayoría de los países informó tener al menos un libro de texto o un capítulo específico para enseñar los temas de educación sobre sexualidad y prevención del VIH. En la escuela secundaria se cubren la mayor parte de los temas pertinentes relevantes para la educación sobre sexualidad, pero no todos. Por ejemplo, el problema de la discriminación por orientación o preferencia sexual no se incluye en los programas escolares. Conclusiones El material educativo sobre sexualidad debe ser revisado y actualizado periódicamente de modo que refleje los avances en los temas y en la forma de tratar los contenidos. En cada país el currículo debe abordar el tema del respeto a la diversidad sobre orientación, preferencia e identidad sexuales, y en particular el manejo apropiado de la educación para prevenir infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) en hombres que tienen sexo con hombres. Los esfuerzos de evaluación de la efectividad de los programas deben contemplar desenlaces tales como marcadores biológicos (incidencia y prevalencia de ITS y embarazo) y no únicamente indicadores de conocimiento y comportamiento sexual auto-reportado. PMID:20107702

  3. The progress of human rights in China. Protecting the legitimate rights and interests of women and children.

    PubMed

    1996-02-01

    In 1992 China enacted the Law on the Protection of Women's Rights and Interests stipulating their rights in politics, culture and education, property, labor, person, marriage, and family. The legal system has adopted 10 similar legislations, more than 40 administrative laws and regulations, and over 80 local laws and regulations guaranteeing women's rights. The Program for Chinese Women's Development for 1995-2000, issued in August 1995, strives to improve the quality of life. In 1993, 95% of women voted in local elections. 21.03% of the deputies in the Eighth National People's Congress are women, and the proportion of women in local people's congresses is even higher. The number of women employed by the government increased from 10.04 million in 1991 to 12.371 million in 1994. In 1994 there were 16 female ministers or vice ministers, 18 female provincial vice governors, more than 300 female mayors or vice mayors, and 21,012 female judges. 38% of the work force are women, and 50% of the labor force in the countryside is comprised of women. Approximately 8 million (35%) of the country's scientists and technicians are women. Women receive social benefits and care during menstruation, pregnancy, maternity, and breast feeding. They are entitled to 3 months of maternity leave with pay. 80% of girls aged 7-11 attended school in 1990 vs. 97.7% in 1994. During the same period the proportion of female students in secondary schools and universities increased from 42.2% and 33.7%, respectively, to 44.3% and 34.5%, respectively. There is a state-sponsored family planning policy in place. As a result, the contraceptive prevalence of married women rose from 75% in 1990 to 83% in 1994; the birth rate dropped from 21.06/1000 in 1990 to 17.7/1000 in 1994; and the total fertility rate dropped from 2.31 to 2.0 per woman. Around 98% of urban women and 79% of rural women get prenatal care; and maternal mortality declined from 94.7/100,000 in 1989 to 67.3/100,000 in 1993. In 1994 the proportion of children inoculated against pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus, BCG, measles, and polio reached over 90%. There are 3164 health care institutions for women and children in China. PMID:12291337

  4. Boston, Massachusetts: Solar in Action (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Boston, MA, a 2007 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given. The City of Boston and its Solar America Cities program, Solar Boston, are helping to debunk the myth that solar energy is only feasible in the southern latitudes. Boston has some of the highest energy prices in the country and will likely be one of the first locations where solar power achieves grid parity with conventional energy technologies. Solar Boston is facilitating the rapid development of solar energy projects and infrastructure in the short-term, and is preparing for the rapid market growth that is expected with the imminent arrival of grid parity over the long-term. Solar Boston developed the strategy for achieving Mayor Menino's goal of installing 25 MW of solar energy throughout Boston by 2015. Through Solar Boston, the city has developed a strategy for the installation of solar technology throughout Boston, including mapping feasible locations, preparing a permitting guide, and planning the citywide bulk purchase, financing, and installation of solar technology. The city has also worked with local organizations to maximize Boston's participation in state incentive programs and innovative financing initiatives. The resulting accomplishments include the following: (1) Created an online map of current local renewable energy projects with a tool to allow building owners to calculate their rooftop solar potential. The map is currently live at http://gis.cityofboston.gov/solarboston/. (2) Supported the city's Green Affordable Housing Program (GAHP), in partnership with the Department of Neighborhood Development (DND). Under GAHP, the city is installing more than 150 kW of PV on 200 units of affordable housing. DND requires that all new city-funded affordable housing be LEED silver certified and built solar-ready. (3) Defined solar's role in emergency preparedness with the Boston Mayor's Office of Emergency Preparedness. (4) Worked with local organizations to maximize Boston's participation in state incentive programs and innovative financing mechanisms. Solar Boston partners include DOE, MTC, local utilities and unions, an anonymous foundation, and a broad range of local, regional, and national clean-energy stakeholders. Solar Boston kicked off its partner program on January 10, 2008, sponsoring a workshop on 'Thinking BIG about Boston's Solar Energy Future,' to discuss how state, utility, and municipal programs can work together. Presentations were given by Solar Boston, Keyspan/National Grid, NSTAR, and MTC.

  5. Eficacia de la detección sistemática de la gripe en las fronteras en los viajeros que llegan por vía aérea*

    PubMed Central

    Priest, Patricia C.; Jennings, Lance C.; Duncan, Alasdair R.; Brunton, Cheryl R.; Baker, Michael G.

    2015-01-01

    Objetivos. Se midieron los síntomas y la prevalencia de la gripe (también llamada influenza), así como la eficacia del mecanismo de detección sistemática basado en los síntomas y la temperatura para diagnosticar la gripe en viajeros internacionales que llegaban por vía aérea. Métodos. El presente estudio transversal recopiló datos de viajeros que llegaron al aeropuerto internacional de Christchurch (Nueva Zelandia) en el invierno del 2008 mediante un cuestionario de salud, medición de la temperatura y toma de muestras de las vías respiratorias. Resultados. De los viajeros, 15 976 (68%) entregaron los formularios completos. De ellos, 17% notificaron al menos un síntoma de gripe; los síntomas más comunes fueron rinorrea o congestión nasal (10%) y tos (8%). Se tomaron muestras de las vías respiratorias de 3 769 viajeros. La prevalencia estimada de la gripe fue de 1,1% (4% en las personas sintomáticas, 0,2% en las asintomáticas). La sensibilidad de los criterios de detección varió de 84% para “cualquier síntoma” a 3% para la fiebre de 37,8 °C o mayor. El valor predictivo positivo fue bajo para todos los criterios. Conclusiones. El método de detección sistemática en las fronteras mediante la autonotificación de síntomas y la toma de la temperatura presenta limitaciones para impedir que una gripe pandémica entre en un país. Basarse en criterios como “cualquier síntoma” o la tos haría que se investigara a varias personas no infectadas, mientras que algunas personas infectadas pasarían inadvertidas. Si se usaran criterios más específicos como la fiebre, la mayoría de las personas infectadas entrarían en el país a pesar del mecanismo de detección.

  6. PubMed

    Torrado, Julio; Piazuelo, María Blanca; Ruiz, Irune; Izarzugaza, María Isabel; Camargo, María Constanza; Delgado, Alberto; Abdirad, Afshin; Correa, Pelayo

    2010-01-01

    ANTECEDENTES: El esófago de Barrett es una reconocida lesión precursora de adenocarcinoma esofágico. Aunque generalmente asociada al reflujo gastroesofágico, los mecanismos patogénicos de la enfermedad no son bien conocidos. El objetivo del presente estudio es explorar la historia natural e identificar marcadores de progreso del proceso precanceroso. MATERIAL Y M#ENTITYSTARTX000E9;TODOS: Se utilizaron cortes histológicos de 67 especímenes de esófago correspondientes a 14 pacientes con esófago de Barrett, a los que se siguió entre 1 - 9 años. Se clasificaron las lesiones en: esófago de Barrett sin displasia, indefinido para displasia o con displasia. Se evaluó la expresión de diferentes mucinas en las células caliciformes y en las columnares usando técnicas de histoquímica e inmunohistoquímica. RESULTADOS: En todos los casos se comprobó la presencia de metaplasia intestinal incompleta. Las células columnares dentro del epitelio metaplásico contenían mucinas neutras. A mayor severidad de la lesión se encontró significativamente menor expresión de sialomucinas en las células columnares (p de tendencia igual a 0,03). En sujetos con lesiones indefinidas para displasia se observó un mayor contenido de sulfomucinas en las células caliciformes (p=0,034) y de MUC2 en las células columnares (p=0,029) que en sujetos con esófago de Barrett sin displasia. Se observó expresión de la mucina intestinal MUC2 y de la mucina gástrica MUC5AC en todas las muestras. MUC6, una mucina de las glándulas profundas gástricas, se presentó ocasionalmente. CONCLUSI#ENTITYSTARTX000F3;N: La evaluación de los perfiles de mucinas en el esófago de Barrett sugiere una transición gradual del fenotipo del epitelio metaplásico a medida que la lesión avanza en el tiempo. PMID:21804831

  7. A multiple-approach radiometric age estimate for the Rotoiti and Earthquake Flat eruptions, New Zealand, with implications for the MIS 4/3 boundary

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wilson, C.J.N.; Rhoades, D.A.; Lanphere, M.A.; Calvert, A.T.; Houghton, B.F.; Weaver, S.D.; Cole, J.W.

    2007-01-01

    Pyroclastic fall deposits of the paired Rotoiti and Earthquake Flat eruptions from the Taupo Volcanic Zone (New Zealand) combine to form a widespread isochronous horizon over much of northern New Zealand and the southwest Pacific. This horizon is important for correlating climatic and environmental changes during the Last Glacial period, but has been the subject of numerous disparate age estimates between 35.1??2.8 and 71??6 ka (all errors are 1 s.d.), obtained by a variety of techniques. A potassium-argon (K-Ar) age of 64??4 ka was previously determined on bracketing lavas at Mayor Island volcano, offshore from the Taupo Volcanic Zone. We present a new, more-precise 40Ar/39Ar age determination on a lava flow on Mayor Island, that shortly post-dates the Rotoiti/Earthquake Flat fall deposits, of 58.5??1.1 ka. This value, coupled with existing ages from underlying lavas, yield a new estimate for the age of the combined eruptions of 61.0??1.4 ka, which is consistent with U-Th disequilibrium model-age data for zircons from the Rotoiti deposits. Direct 40Ar/39Ar age determinations of plagioclase and biotite from the Rotoiti and Earthquake Flat eruption products yield variable values between 49.6??2.8 and 125.3??10.0 ka, with the scatter attributed to low radiogenic Ar yields, and/or alteration, and/or inheritance of xenocrystic material with inherited Ar. Rotoiti/Earthquake Flat fall deposits occur in New Zealand in association with palynological indicators of mild climate, attributed to Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3 and thus used to suggest an age that is post-59 ka. The natures of the criteria used to define the MIS 4/3 boundary in the Northern and Southern hemispheres, however, imply that the new 61 ka age for the Rotoiti/Earthquake Flat eruption deposits will provide the inverse, namely, a more accurate isochronous marker for correlating diverse changes across the MIS 4/3 boundary in the southwest Pacific. ?? 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Local stakeholders' perception of landslide and flood risks in Iasi County, Romania

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciprian Margarint, Mihai; Niculita, Mihai; Rosu, Lucian

    2015-04-01

    Risk perception is an important issue for an efficient management and mitigation measures of natural hazards and theirs negative consequences on social and economic activity. At administrative unit scale (LAU2), local stakeholders play an effective role in case of an emergency situation, regarding the warning and alerting the population, collaboration with specialized institution and managing material assistance during and after the crisis. In addition they are among the best connoisseurs of local community and places, and consequently they could substantial help the national level forces during emergency situations. These issues argues the high degree of responsibilities assigned to Romanian mayors, and is reflected in the legislation in terms of evaluation of damages produced and the management of natural hazards, like landslide and floods. Also their degree of awareness can assess more accurately the collective perception against the individual one. In this work we have assessed the local stakeholders' perception for natural risks in general, and particularly for landslides and floods. We have tested the discrepancies of the specific risks perception and an assessment of correspondence between scientific outputs versus the subjective judgement the administrative decision makers. This approach was based on a questionnaire which was applied in the summer of 2014, to all 98 mayors from Iasi County, north-east Romania. It contained 12 questions structured in a specific mode, from general to particular. The assessment of the answers provided from the commune halls, was realized with integration in a GIS environment of codes assigned to each question, and the overlay with the scientific outputs regarding landslide occurrence and susceptibility and floods risk maps. The differences between the outputs of the questionnaires and the scientific outputs of landslide and flood risk was further analyzed and interpreted. There were registered large variations of answers and important discrepancies between scientific results and the stakeholders' estimations, both for landslides and flood components. Farther multicriterial analysis (clustering method) was applied for highlighting a correspondance between the distance to certain risk areas and stakeholders perception. As a main conclusion we can state that the decision makers perception is strongly influenced by their personal and recent experiences but also by the distance to the source of risk.

  9. Archaeomagnetic studies in central Mexico—dating of Mesoamerican lime-plasters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hueda-Tanabe, Y.; Soler-Arechalde, A. M.; Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J.; Barba, L.; Manzanilla, L.; Rebolledo-Vieyra, M.; Goguitchaichvili, A.

    2004-11-01

    For the first time results of an archaeomagnetic study of unburned lime-plasters from Teotihuacan and Tenochtitlan in central Mesoamerica are presented. Plasters made of lime, lithic clasts and water, appear during the Formative Period and were used for a variety of purposes in floors, sculptures, ceramics and supporting media for mural paintings in the Oaxaca and Maya area. In Central Mexico, grinded volcanic scoria rich in iron minerals is incorporated into the lime-plasters mixture. Samples were selected from two archaeological excavation projects in the Teopancazco residential compound of Teotihuacan and the large multi-stage structure of Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan, where chronological information is available. The intensity of remanent magnetization (natural remanent magnetization (NRM)) and low-field susceptibility are weak reflecting low relative content of magnetic minerals. NRM directions are well grouped and alternating field demagnetization shows single or two-component magnetizations. Rockmagnetic experiments point to fine-grained titanomagnetites with pseudo-single domain behavior. Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) measurements document a depositional fabric, with normal to free-surface minimum AMS axes. Characteristic mean site directions were correlated to the paleosecular variation curve for Mesoamerica. Data from Templo Mayor reflect recent tilting of the structures. Teopancazco mean site declinations show good correspondence with the reference curve, in agreement with the radiocarbon dating. Dates for four stages of Teotihuacan occupancy based on the study of lime-plasters range from AD 350 to 550. A date for a possible Mazapa occupation around AD 850 or 950 is also suggested based on the archaeomagnetic correlation. The archaeomagnetic record of a plaster floor in Teopancazco differed from the other nearby sites pointing to a thermoremanent magnetization; comparison with the reference curve suggests dates around AD 1375 or 1415. The burning of the stucco floor likely occurred during a late re-occupation of the site by the Aztecs. Our results suggest that archaeomagnetic dating can be applied to lime-plasters, which are materials widely employed in Mesoamerica.

  10. E-DECIDER: Using Earth Science Data and Modeling Tools to Develop Decision Support for Earthquake Disaster Response

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glasscoe, M. T.; Donnellan, A.; Parker, J. W.; Stough, T. M.; Burl, M. C.; Pierce, M.; Wang, J.; Ma, Y.; Rundle, J. B.; yoder, M. R.; Bawden, G. W.

    2012-12-01

    Earthquake Data Enhanced Cyber-Infrastructure for Disaster Evaluation and Response (E-DECIDER) is a NASA-funded project developing new capabilities for decision-making utilizing remote sensing data and modeling software to provide decision support for earthquake disaster management and response. Geodetic imaging data, including from inteferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) and GPS, have a rich scientific heritage for use in earthquake research. Survey grade GPS was developed in the 1980s and the first InSAR image of an earthquake was produced for the 1992 Landers event. As more of these types of data have become increasingly available they have also shown great utility for providing key information for disaster response. Work has been done to translate these data into useful and actionable information for decision makers in the event of an earthquake disaster. In addition to observed data, modeling tools provide essential preliminary estimates while data are still being collected and/or processed, which can be refined as data products become available. Now, with more data and better models, we are able apply these to responders who need easy tools and routinely produced data products. E-DECIDER incorporates the earthquake forecasting methodology and geophysical modeling tools developed through NASA's QuakeSim project. Remote sensing and geodetic data, in conjunction with modeling and forecasting tools allows us to provide both long-term planning information for disaster management decision makers as well as short-term information following earthquake events (i.e. identifying areas where the greatest deformation and damage has occurred and emergency services may need to be focused). E-DECIDER has taken advantage of the legacy of Earth science data, including MODIS, Landsat, SCIGN, PBO, UAVSAR, and modeling tools such as the ones developed by QuakeSim, in order to deliver successful decision support products for earthquake disaster response. The project has participated in response for the El Mayor-Cucapah, Haiti, Tohoku-oki, and Oaxaca earthquakes, as well as response exercises for the Central United States and the state of California. We have produced change detection results for the earthquake events, including tsunami inundation maps and before/after image pairs (Tohoku-oki), fault edge detection images (El Mayor-Cucapah), and tilt change maps (Oaxaca). For the response exercise events, we provided HAZUS input and damage assessment information based on scenario events (2011 Central US National Level Exercise) as well as synthetic interferograms (which were requested by the California Geological Survey) and High Potential Loss Facility information based on a scenario event (2012 California Golden Guardian Exercise).

  11. Real-Time Assessment of the 16 September 2015 Chile Tsunami and Implications for Near-Field Forecast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Liujuan; Titov, Vasily V.; Moore, Christopher; Wei, Yong

    2016-02-01

    The magnitude 8.3 earthquake in central Chile on 16 September 2015 and the resulting tsunami severely affected the region, with 15 deaths ( Onemi in Monitoreo por sismo de mayor intensidad. (In Spanish) [Available at: http://www.onemi.cl/alerta/se-declara-alerta-roja-por-sismo-de-mayor-intensidad-y-alarma-de-tsunami/], 2015), over one million evacuated, and flooding in nearby coastal cities. We present our real-time assessment of the 2015 Chile tsunami using the Short-term Inundation Forecasting for Tsunamis system, and post-event analyses with local community models in Chile. We evaluate three real-time tsunami sources, which were inverted at the time that the first quarter-, half-, and full-wave passed the first tsunameter (DART 32402, located approximately 580 km north-northwest of the epicenter), respectively. Measurement comparisons from 26 deep-ocean tsunameters and 38 coastal tide stations show that good model accuracies are achieved for all three sources, particularly for the local sites that recorded the most destructive waves. The study highlights the forecast speed, time and accuracy dependence, and their implications for the local forecast capability. Our analyses suggest that the tsunami's main origination area is about 100-200 km long and 100 km wide, to the north of the earthquake epicenter along the trench and the total estimated tsunami wave energy is 7.9 × 1013 J (with 13 % uncertainty). The study provides important guidelines for the earliest reliable estimate of tsunami energy and local forecasts. They can be obtained with the first quarter-wave of tsunameter recording. These results are also confirmed by a forecast analysis of the 2011 Japan tsunami. Furthermore, we find that the first half-wave tsunameter data are sufficient to accurately forecast the 2015 Chile tsunami, due to the specific orientation between the nearest tsunameter and the source. The study also suggests expanding the operational use of the local community models in real time, and demonstrates the applicability of the model results for "all-clear" evaluations, search and rescue operations, and near-real-time mitigation planning in both near and far fields.

  12. Acculturation of Greek Americans: Change and continuity in cognitive schemas guiding intimate relationships.

    PubMed

    Koutrelakos, James

    2004-04-01

    The study compares Greek Americans to Greeks and to third-generation white Americans in their endorsement of two cognitive schemas guiding intimate relationships. Greek Americans were more rejecting of low self-disclosure in intimate relationships than were Greeks but did not differ from them on how strongly they advocated sacrificing the self for one's partner. By contrast, Greek Americans did not differ from Americans in their rejection of low self-disclosure and more strongly endorsed self-sacrifice in intimate relationships than did Americans. These findings were interpreted as indicating that Greek Americans have acculturated to a more individualistic orientation in terms of self-disclosure while maintaining a collectivistic orientation regarding self-sacrifice in intimate relationships. Respondents' age, cultural group, and whether they were college students or professionals interacted with how strongly individuals rejected low self-disclosure and showed that age and status differences were more pronounced between rather than within the three cultural groups. It revealed that the initial finding, showing that Greeks and Americans differed, was based on the scores of students; professionals, with one exception, did not differ in their disagreement with low self-disclosure, regardless of their age and cultural group. The exception was the older Greek American professional subgroup, whose stronger disagreement with low self-disclosure may be an overreaction to the acculturation process. Age and status differences were not significant in the American group, while there was a pattern in Greece for professionals to reject low self-disclosure more strongly than did students. Women were more rejecting of both low self-disclosure and self-sacrifice in intimate relationships than were men. Older women most strongly disagreed with the self-sacrifice principle and older men adhered to it more strongly with increasing age. Cette étude compare des Américains grecs à des Grecs et à des Américains blancs de troisième génération relativement à leur adhésion à deux schémas cognitifs guidant les relations intimes. Les résultats indiquent que les Américains grecs se montrent plus rejetants d'une faible ouverture de soi dans les relations intimes comparativement aux Grecs, mais ils ne se différencient pas de ceux-ci quant à la force avec laquelle ils se disent prêts à se sacrifier pour leur partenaire. En contrepartie, Américain grecs ne se différencient pas des Américains sur le plan du rejet de la faible ouverture de soi, tout en se montrant davantage en accord avec le sacrifice de soi dans les relations intimes que ne le font les Américains. Ces résultats sont interprétés comme des indicateurs que les Américains grecs auraient adopté la culture américaine d'orientation plus individualiste en ce qui a trait à l'ouverture de soi, tandis qu'ils semblent avoir maintenu une orientation collectiviste en regard du sacrifice de soi dans les relations intimes. L'âge des répondants, leur groupe culturel et leur statut de collégien ou de professionnel montrent une interaction avec le degré de rejet de la faible ouverture de soi. Aussi, il appert que les différences d'âge et de statut sont plus prononcées entre les trois groupes culturels qu'à l'intérieur-même de ces groupes. Les résultats indiquent que les données initiales, montrant que les Grecs et les Américains sont différents, sont basées sur les scores des étudiants; de façon générale, en regard des professionnels uniquement, aucune différence n'est soulevée pour le degré d'accord face à la faible ouverture de soi, peu importe leur âge ou groupe culturel. Une exception apparaît toutefois pour le sous-groupe d'Américains grecs professionnels et plus âgés pour lequel le fort désaccord avec la faible ouverture de soi peut refléter une sur-réaction face au processus d'acculturation. Les différences d'âge et de statut n'apparaissent pas significatives pour le groupe d'Américains, tandis qu'il semble y avoir un patron chez les professionels grecs à rejeter plus fortement la faible ouverture de soi comparativement aux étudiants grecs. Enfin, les femmes se montrent plus rejetantes à la fois en ce qui concerne la faible ouverture de soi et le sacrifice de soi dans les relations intimes comparativement aux hommes. Les femmes plus âgées sont plus fortement en désaccord avec le principe de sacrifice de soi, tandis que les hommes plus âgés y adhèrent davantage à mesure qu'ils vieillissent. El estudio compara griegos estadounidenses con griegos y estadounidenses blancos de por lo menos tres generaciones respecto a qué tanto se sentían representados por dos esquemas cognitivos de las relaciones íntimas. Los griegos estadounidenses muestran mayor rechazo a revelar poco sobre sí mismos en las relaciones íntimas que los griegos, pero no difieren de éstos en cuanto a qué tanto se sacrificarían por la pareja. En contraste, los griegos estadounidenses no difirieron de los estadounidenses en su rechazo a revelar poco sobre sí mismos a la pareja y apoyaron más el auto sacrificio en las relaciones íntimas que los estadounidenses. Estos hallazgos se interpretaron como indicativos de que los griegos estadounidenses se han aculturado a una orientación más individualista en términos de qué tanto revelan sobre sí mismos, a la vez que han mantenido una orientación colectivista respecto al auto sacrificio en las relaciones íntimas. La edad, el grupo cultural, y la condición de estudiante o profesional interactuaron con el rechazo a revelar poco sobre sí mismo y mostró que la edad y la diferencia en la condición de estudiante o profesional eran más pronunciadas entre los tres grupos culturales que al interior de cada uno de éstos. Reveló que el hallazgo inicial sobre la diferencia entre griegos y estadounidenses se basaba en las calificaciones de los estudiantes; los profesionales, con una excepción, no diferían en cuanto a su desacuerdo con revelar poco sobre sí mismos, independientemente de su edad y grupo cultural. La excepción fue el subgrupo de profesionales griegos estadounidenses de mayor edad, cuyo mayor descuerdo con revelar poco sobre sí mismo podría ser una reacción exagerada al proceso de aculturación. Las diferencias en la edad y en la condición de estudiante o profesional no fueron significativas en el grupo de estadounidenses, en tanto que los profesionales griegos muestran una tendencia a rechazar con mayor fuerza el revelar poco sobre sí mismos, en comparación con los estudiantes. Las mujeres rechazan más que los hombres tanto revelar poco sobre sí mismas como el auto sacrificio en las relaciones íntimas. Las mujeres de mayor edad discrepan con mayor fuerza con el principio de auto sacrificio, y a mayor edad en los hombres mayor adhesión a éste. PMID:22587545

  13. Sistemas Correctores de Campo Para EL Telescopio Cassegrain IAC80

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galan, M. J.; Cobos, F. J.

    1987-05-01

    El proyecto de instrumentación de mayor importancia que ha tenido el Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias en los últimos afios ha sido el diseflo y construcción del te1escopio IAC8O. Este requería del esfuerzo con junto en mec´nica, óptica y electrónica, lo que facilitó la estructuración y el crecimiento de los respectivos grupos de trabajo, que posteriormente se integraron en departamentos En su origen (1977), el telescopio IAC80 fue concebido como un sistema clásico tipo Cassegrain, con una razón focal F/i 1.3 para el sistema Casse grain y una razón focal F/20 para el sistema Coudé. Posteriormente, aunque se mantuvo la filosofia de que el sistema básico fuera el F/11.3, se consideró conveniente el diseño de secundarios para razones focales F/16 y F/32, y se eliminó el de F/20. Sin embargo, dada la importancia relativa que un foco estrictamente fotográfico tiene en un telescopio moderno, diseñado básicamente para fotometría fotoeléctrica y con un campo util mínimamente de 40 minutos de arco, se decídió Ilevar a cabo el diseño de un secundario F/8 con un sistema corrector de campo, pero que estuviera formado únicamente por lentes con superficies esféricas para que asl su construcción fuera posible en España ó en México. La creciente utilización de detectores bidimensionales para fines de investigación astron6mica y la viabilidad de que en un futuro cercano éstos tengan un área sensible cada vez mayor, hicieron atractiva la idea de tener diseñado un sistema corrector de campo para el foco primario (F/3), con un campo útil mínimo de un grado, y también con la limitante de que sus componentes tuvieron sólamente supérficies esféricas. Ambos diseños de los sis-temas correctores de campo se llevaron a cabo, en gran medida, como parte de un proyecto de colaboración e intercambio en el área de diseño y evaluación de sistemas ópticos.

  14. [In Process Citation].

    PubMed

    Morán López, Jesús Manuel; Luengo Pérez, Luis Miguel; Beneítez Moralejo, Belén; Piedra León, María; González Aguado, Rocío; Enciso Izquierdo, Fidel Jesús; Amado Señaris, José Antonio

    2016-01-01

    Introducción: la clasificación por procesos según el sistema de los grupos relacionados con el diagnóstico permite clasificar los diferentes procesos acorde a un consumo de recursos equivalentes. La complejidad de los procesos según el índice case-mix permite solicitar un mayor o menor presupuesto para la atención de los pacientes. La desnutrición tiene capacidad para aumentar el índice case-mix si bien en muchos casos este diagnóstico y el de los procesos nutricionales no se realizan de forma adecuada.Objetivo: determinar si la adecuada codificación de la desnutrición es capaz de aumentar el índice case-mix y si este aumento es dependiente de la documentación del mismo por un médico especialista, el tipo de proceso o el servicio de ingreso.Resultados: en una serie aleatorizada de 100 pacientes, la documentación de desnutrición y procesos asociados por parte de un médico especialista en Endocrinología y Nutrición produjo un aumento de 0,68 puntos en el índice case-mix (IC95: 0,48-0,88). El impacto fue mayor en procesos médicos que en quirúrgicos (0,42 puntos [IC95: 0,03-0,81]). Por servicios, el impacto fue positivo en Medicina Interna y Cirugía General. El tamaño muestral para el cálculo del resto de servicios no alcanzó tamaño muestral suficiente.Conclusión: el aumento de recursos humanos (médicos especialistas en Endocrinología y Nutrición) es viable en términos de gestión por el aumento del índice case-mix dependiente de su presencia en un contexto de práctica clínica habitual, no de investigación. PMID:27019246

  15. [In Process Citation].

    PubMed

    Deutrich Aydos, Maria Eugenia; Alves Fernandes, Sabrina; Feijó Nunes, Flávia; Bassani, Lílian; Rigon Leonhardt, Lara; Lazzarotto Harter, Daniele; Pivato, Bianca; Miranda, Daniella; Augusto Marroni, Cláudio

    2016-01-01

    Introducción: la elección del método para la evaluación nutricional es fundamental para el correcto seguimiento del estado nutricional de los pacientes sometidos al trasplante de hígado.Objetivos: evaluar y comparar el estado nutricional de los pacientes antes y después del trasplante de hígado por el tiempo de un año para los diferentes métodos de evaluación nutricional.Métodos: se evaluaron los pacientes que se sometieron a un trasplante de hígado en diferentes momentos: pretrasplante, 1, 3, 6 y 12 meses después del procedimiento, en la Hermandad de la Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil. Los métodos utilizados fueron la antropometría, la fuerza de apretón de manos por la fuerza de agarre no dominante (FAM), el espesor del músculo aductor del pulgar y el ángulo de fase (AF) por bioimpedancia eléctrica (BIA). En todas las evaluaciones se tomaron las mismas medidas.Resultados: las evaluaciones se llevaron a cabo en 22 pacientes. Los métodos que mostraron mayor prevalencia de pacientes desnutridos antes del trasplante fueron la FA por BIA (25%), la circunferencia muscular del brazo (CMB) (21,9%) y la circunferencia del brazo (CB) (18,8%). Al comparar el estado nutricional de los pacientes durante el seguimiento, hubo diferencia significativa en los métodos de evaluación de CB, espesor del pliegue cutáneo triciptal y AF por la BIA. Al final del seguimiento, los métodos de evaluación nutricional fueron nuevamente comparados y mostraron de diferencias significativas, siendo la FAM el método de mayor detección de desnutrición.Conclusiones: se sugiere que podría intensificarse el uso del método AF por la BIA en esta población, ya que los resultados están en consonancia con los encontrados en la literatura, siendo significativos, fiables y reproducibles. PMID:27019235

  16. El fenotipo de las mucinas en el esófago de Barrett

    PubMed Central

    Torrado, Julio; Piazuelo, María Blanca; Ruiz, Irune; Izarzugaza, María Isabel; Camargo, María Constanza; Delgado, Alberto; Abdirad, Afshin; Correa, Pelayo

    2011-01-01

    Antecedentes El esófago de Barrett es una reconocida lesión precursora de adenocarcinoma esofágico. Aunque generalmente asociada al reflujo gastroesofágico, los mecanismos patogénicos de la enfermedad no son bien conocidos. El objetivo del presente estudio es explorar la historia natural e identificar marcadores de progreso del proceso precanceroso. Material y métodos Se utilizaron cortes histológicos de 67 especímenes de esófago correspondientes a 14 pacientes con esófago de Barrett, a los que se siguió entre 1 – 9 años. Se clasificaron las lesiones en: esófago de Barrett sin displasia, indefinido para displasia o con displasia. Se evaluó la expresión de diferentes mucinas en las células caliciformes y en las columnares usando técnicas de histoquímica e inmunohistoquímica. Resultados En todos los casos se comprobó la presencia de metaplasia intestinal incompleta. Las células columnares dentro del epitelio metaplásico contenían mucinas neutras. A mayor severidad de la lesión se encontró significativamente menor expresión de sialomucinas en las células columnares (p de tendencia igual a 0,03). En sujetos con lesiones indefinidas para displasia se observó un mayor contenido de sulfomucinas en las células caliciformes (p=0,034) y de MUC2 en las células columnares (p=0,029) que en sujetos con esófago de Barrett sin displasia. Se observó expresión de la mucina intestinal MUC2 y de la mucina gástrica MUC5AC en todas las muestras. MUC6, una mucina de las glándulas profundas gástricas, se presentó ocasionalmente. Conclusión La evaluación de los perfiles de mucinas en el esófago de Barrett sugiere una transición gradual del fenotipo del epitelio metaplásico a medida que la lesión avanza en el tiempo. PMID:21804831

  17. Incentivos para atraer y retener personal de salud de zonas rurales del Perú: un estudio cualitativo

    PubMed Central

    Huicho, Luis; Canseco, Francisco Díez; Lema, Claudia; Miranda, J. Jaime; Lescano, Andrés G.

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo fue identificar incentivos de atracción y retención en zonas rurales y distantes de Ayacucho, Perú. Fueron realizadas entrevistas en profundidad con 80 médicos, enfermeras, obstetras y técnicos (20 por grupo) de las zonas más pobres y con 11 funcionarios. No existen políticas sistemáticas de atracción y retención de personal de salud en Ayacucho. Los principales incentivos, en orden de importancia, fueron mejoras salariales, oportunidades de formación y capacitación, estabilidad laboral y nombramiento, mejoras en infraestructura y equipos, e incremento del personal. Se mencionaron también mejoras en la vivienda y alimentación, mayor cercanía con la familia y reconocimiento por el sistema de salud. Existen coincidencias y singularidades entre los distintos grupos sobre los incentivos clave para estimular el trabajo rural, que deben considerarse al diseñar políticas públicas. Las iniciativas del Estado deben comprender procesos rigurosos de monitoreo y evaluación, para asegurar que las mismas tengan el impacto deseado. PMID:22488318

  18. PREJUICIO Y DISTANCIA SOCIAL HACIA PERSONAS HOMOSEXUALES POR PARTE DE JÓVENES UNIVERSITARIOS

    PubMed Central

    Fernández Rodríguez, María del C.; Squiabro, José Calderón

    2014-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal con el propósito de explorar actitudes de rechazo y distancia social hacia las personas gays y lesbianas (GL) en 565 universitarios. Se utilizó una escala para medir Prejuicio y otra escala para medir Distancia Social. Los participantes reflejaron niveles moderados de prejuicio y distancia social (DS) hacia las personas gays y lesbianas. Los varones (M=104.5, DT= 27.47) mostraron significativamente más prejuicio que las mujeres (M=98.8, DT= 23.41). Los hombres (M=22.7, DT= 7.00) mostraron significativamente mayor DS que las mujeres (M=21.1, DT= 5.41). Las personas que asisten con regularidad a la iglesia mostraron más prejuicio y DS que los que no asisten. Se analiza importancia de incluir el tema de la diversidad sexual a través del currículo para desmontar prejuicios hacia la comunidad homosexual. PMID:25606066

  19. Comportamiento Sexual y Autoeficacia para la Negociación de Sexo Más Seguro en Personas Heterosexuales

    PubMed Central

    Pérez-Jiménez, David; Santiago-Rivas, Marimer; Serrano-García, Irma

    2012-01-01

    La autoeficacia se le ha identificado como uno de los factores que puede facilitar o dificultar llevar a cabo sexo más seguro. Estudios revelan que las personas que están el relaciones estables usan métodos de protección menos frecuente que quienes tienen parejas casuales. Realizamos un estudio con 447 personas heterosexuales activas sexualmente. Les administramos un cuestionario dirigido a medir el comportamiento sexual, el uso del condón masculino y la práctica de la masturbación mutua, y la autoeficacia para llevar a cabo estas conductas. Los resultados reflejan que los hombres están más activos sexualmente y que el uso del condón y la práctica de la masturbación mutua como alternativa de sexo más seguro es muy baja. En los casos donde se usa el condón esta práctica es realizada en su mayoría por las personas que se encuentran en una relación de pareja casual. No obstante, los/las participantes tienen altos niveles de autoeficacia hacia ambas prácticas. Aunque la autoeficacia es uno de los factores que incide en decidir llevar a cabo sexo más seguro, ésta no es suficiente para que esta meta se logre. PMID:22837585

  20. Automated statistical matching of multiple tephra records exemplified using five long maar sequences younger than 75 ka, Auckland, New Zealand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, Rebecca M.; Bebbington, Mark S.; Cronin, Shane J.; Jones, Geoff

    2014-09-01

    Detailed tephrochronologies are built to underpin probabilistic volcanic hazard forecasting, and to understand the dynamics and history of diverse geomorphic, climatic, soil-forming and environmental processes. Complicating factors include highly variable tephra distribution over time; difficulty in correlating tephras from site to site based on physical and chemical properties; and uncertain age determinations. Multiple sites permit construction of more accurate composite tephra records, but correctly merging individual site records by recognizing common events and site-specific gaps is complex. We present an automated procedure for matching tephra sequences between multiple deposition sites using stochastic local optimization techniques. If individual tephra age determinations are not significantly different between sites, they are matched and a more precise age is assigned. Known stratigraphy and mineralogical or geochemical compositions are used to constrain tephra matches. We apply this method to match tephra records from five long sediment cores (? 75 cal ka BP) in Auckland, New Zealand. Sediments at these sites preserve basaltic tephras from local eruptions of the Auckland Volcanic Field as well as distal rhyolitic and andesitic tephras from Okataina, Taupo, Egmont, Tongariro, and Tuhua (Mayor Island) volcanic centers. The new correlated record compiled is statistically more likely than previously published arrangements from this area.