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1

Medical Physics Education at the University of Novi Sad - Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Overview of new educational program and training in Medical Physics at the University of Novi Sad is presented, where the medical physics education from undergraduate to doctoral study is established in the last decade. Necessity for basic and additional education and hospital training for medical physicists becomes the evident subject in clinical practice in which physicists and physicians are in close collaboration to ensure high quality of patient care. Learning objectives: to incorporate the latest scientific and professional findings in the field of medical physics, medical diagnostics, therapy and instruments; to accomodate students' pursuits of individual fields by offering elective courses from different areas of current medical practice; to reflect the multidisciplinary spirit of the studies, since teaching is performed by experts from diverse fields.

Stankovi?, Slobodanka; Veskovi?, Miroslav; Klisuri?, Olivera; Spasi?, Vesna

2007-04-01

2

A comparison of medical physics training and education programs--Canada and Australia.  

PubMed

An overview and comparison of medical physics clinical training, academic education, and national certification/accreditation of individual professionals in Canada and Australia is presented. Topics discussed include program organization, funding, fees, administration, time requirements, content, program accreditation, and levels of certification/accreditation of individual Medical Physicists. Differences in the training, education, and certification/accreditation approaches between the two countries are highlighted. The possibility of mutual recognition of certified/accredited Medical Physicists is examined. PMID:20169845

McCurdy, B M C; Duggan, L; Howlett, S; Clark, B G

2009-12-01

3

On-line integration of computer controlled diagnostic devices and medical information systems in undergraduate medical physics education for physicians.  

PubMed

We designed and evaluated an innovative computer-aided-learning environment based on the on-line integration of computer controlled medical diagnostic devices and a medical information system for use in the preclinical medical physics education of medical students. Our learning system simulates the actual clinical environment in a hospital or primary care unit. It uses a commercial medical information system for on-line storage and processing of clinical type data acquired during physics laboratory classes. Every student adopts two roles, the role of 'patient' and the role of 'physician'. As a 'physician' the student operates the medical devices to clinically assess 'patient' colleagues and records all results in an electronic 'patient' record. We also introduced an innovative approach to the use of supportive education materials, based on the methods of adaptive e-learning. A survey of student feedback is included and statistically evaluated. The results from the student feedback confirm the positive response of the latter to this novel implementation of medical physics and informatics in preclinical education. This approach not only significantly improves learning of medical physics and informatics skills but has the added advantage that it facilitates students' transition from preclinical to clinical subjects. PMID:22200603

Hanus, Josef; Nosek, Tomas; Zahora, Jiri; Bezrouk, Ales; Masin, Vladimir

2013-01-01

4

Evolving models for medical physics education and training: a global perspective.  

PubMed

There is a significant need for high-quality medical physics education and training in all countries to support effective and safe use of modern medical technology for both diagnostic and treatment purposes. This is, and will continue to be, achieved using appropriate technology to increase both the effectiveness and efficiency of educational activities everywhere in the world. While the applications of technology to education and training are relatively new, the successful applications are based on theories and principles of the learning process developed by two pioneers in the field, Robert Gagne and Edgar Dale.The work of Gagne defines the different levels of learning that can occur and is used to show the types and levels of learning that are required for the application of physics and engineering principles to achieve appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic results from modern technology. The learning outcomes are determined by the effectiveness of the learning activity or experience. The extensive work of Dale as formulated in his Cone of Experience relates the effectiveness to the efficiency of educational activities. A major challenge in education is the development and conduction of learning activities (classroom discussions, laboratory and applied experiences, individual study, etc) that provide an optimum balance between effectiveness and efficiency. New and evolving models of the educational process use technology as the infrastructure to support education that is both more effective and efficient.The goal is to use technology to enhance human performance for both learners (students) and learning facilitators (teachers). A major contribution to global education is the trend in the development of shared educational resources. Two models of programs to support this effort with open and free shared resources are Physical Principles of Medical Imaging Online (http://www.sprawls.org/resources) and AAPM Continuing Education Courses (http://www.aapm.org/international). PMID:21614309

Sprawls, P

2008-01-01

5

Medical Physics Data Book.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Medical Physics Data Book is a collection of physical and chemical data useful in medical physics. The information has been extracted from other published sources. The handbook is divided into five sections: General Physics, Nuclear Medicine, Diagnost...

T. N. Padikal S. P. Fivozinsky

1982-01-01

6

Development of educational image databases and e-books for medical physics training.  

PubMed

Medical physics education and training requires the use of extensive imaging material and specific explanations. These requirements provide an excellent background for application of e-Learning. The EU projects Consortia EMERALD and EMIT developed five volumes of such materials, now used in 65 countries. EMERALD developed e-Learning materials in three areas of medical physics (X-ray diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy). EMIT developed e-Learning materials in two further areas: ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. This paper describes the development of these e-Learning materials (consisting of e-books and educational image databases). The e-books include tasks helping studying of various equipment and methods. The text of these PDF e-books is hyperlinked with respective images. The e-books are used through the readers' own Internet browser. Each Image Database (IDB) includes a browser, which displays hundreds of images of equipment, block diagrams and graphs, image quality examples, artefacts, etc. Both the e-books and IDB are engraved on five separate CD-ROMs. Demo of these materials can be taken from www.emerald2.net. PMID:16076559

Tabakov, S; Roberts, V C; Jonsson, B-A; Ljungberg, M; Lewis, C A; Wirestam, R; Strand, S-E; Lamm, I-L; Milano, F; Simmons, A; Deane, C; Goss, D; Aitken, V; Noel, A; Giraud, J-Y; Sherriff, S; Smith, P; Clarke, G; Almqvist, M; Jansson, T

2005-09-01

7

Physical Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Physical education is important to children and their developing bodies, both physical and mental. All children should get up off the couch and do some type of physical education. Students will understand and apply the health-enhancing benefits of physical activity and proper nutrition. Being healthy in physical activity and eating the right foods boost your ability to have fun and feel good about yourself. The President\\'s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports program is a great way to kids to get started at getting physically fit. They have listed their top 10 tips ...

Cherry, Mr.

2008-10-06

8

Medical Physics Publishing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Medical Physics Publishing is a nonprofit, membership organization founded in 1985 to provide affordable books in medical physics and related fields. The books are written by and for technologists, physicists, residents, and radiologists

2003-10-10

9

Paediatrics and medical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical education has been closely linked with the necessity of medical relief and the quality of services required. The aim has been to turn out medical men and women fundamentally equipped to be practising doctors. The object of medical education has been to provide the students with a foundation for training to be a general practitioner, or a specialist, or

Shantilal C. Sheth

1958-01-01

10

Medical education in Germany.  

PubMed

Following the changes made to the medical licensing regulations of 2002, medical education in Germany has been subject to radical modification, especially at undergraduate level. The implementation of the Bologna Process is still a matter of intense political debate, whilst positive movement has occurred in developing the professionalisation of teaching staff through a Masters Degree in Medical Education. In the area of postgraduate medical education, major restructuring of programmes is occurring, whilst the debate in continuing medical education is related to the amount of practical clinical education that is required. PMID:19811144

Nikendei, Christoph; Weyrich, Peter; Jünger, Jana; Schrauth, Markus

2009-07-01

11

Physics Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at Harvard University, the Mazur Group is headed by Professor Eric Mazur who teaches physics and applied physics. Professor Mazur, his lab colleagues, and students worked to create this website on physics education. The site brings their own research into the classroom experience and provides resources for teaching physics. The "Areas of Research" includes information on collaborative learning via peer instruction, gender differences in introductory physics courses, and the value of classroom demonstrations. Each of these areas contains a brief summary of the Mazur Group's work in each area, and visitors can sign up for updates. Further down on the site, visitors can look through a book on peer instruction (complete with resource material) and the proceedings from a National Science Foundation conference that deals with teaching physics.

12

Megatrends in medical education.  

PubMed

Several major financial trends affecting medical education are delineated and their implications described. To channel these new economic forces in a productive manner, the curriculum of undergraduate and, especially, graduate medical education need to be reevaluated to ensure that medical training is accomplished in an efficient manner and reflects career opportunities of graduates in an era of excess physician supply. PMID:3728536

Golden, W E; Olive, D A; Friedlander, I R

1986-07-01

13

Why Teach Physical Education History?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The physical education discipline has had a long development, incorporating concepts learned and appreciated from ancient and modern Olympics, exercise and training, physical activity and sport, and the history of physical education itself. Nevertheless, it continues to evolve as educators improve their instructional methods, medical experts…

Patterson, Jan

2004-01-01

14

Postdoctoral Opportunities in Medical Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The medical physicist is a professional who specializes in the application of the concepts and methods of physics to the diagnosis and treatment of human disease. Medical physicists identify their primary discipline to be radiation therapy (78%), medical imaging (16%), nuclear medicine (3%), or radiation safety (2%). They state their primary responsibility to be clinical (78%), academic (9%), research (4%), etc. Correspondingly, medical physicists reveal their primarily employment to be a private hospital (42%), university hospital (32%), physicist's service group (9%), physician's service group (9%), industry (5%), and government (3%). The most frequent job of medical physicists is clinical radiation therapy physicist, whose clinical duties include: equipment acquisition, facility design, commissioning, machine maintenance, calibration and quality assurance, patient treatment planning, patient dose calculation, management of patient procedures, development of new technology, radiation safety, and regulatory compliance. The number of medical physicists in the United States can be estimated by the number of members of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), which has increased 5.5% annually since 1969, currently being 5,000. New positions plus retirements create a current need >300 new medical physicists per year, which exceeds supply. This is supported by the steady growth in average salaries, being 100,000 for PhDs entering the field and reaching 180,000. Graduate programs alone cannot meet demand, and physicists entering the field through postdoctoral training in medical physics remain important. Details of postdoctoral research programs and medical physics residency programs will provide direction to physics PhD graduates interested in medical physics. [The AAPM, its annual Professional Information Report, and its Public Education Committee are acknowledged for information contributing to this presentation.

Hogstrom, Kenneth

2006-04-01

15

Educational technology in medical education.  

PubMed

This article aims to review the past practices of educational technology and envision future directions for medical education. The discussion starts with a historical review of definitions and perspectives of educational technology, in which the authors propose that educators adopt a broader process-oriented understanding of educational technology. Future directions of e-learning, simulation, and health information technology are discussed based on a systems view of the technological process. As new technologies continue to arise, this process-oriented understanding and outcome-based expectations of educational technology should be embraced. With this view, educational technology should be valued in terms of how well the technological process informs and facilitates learning, and the acquisition and maintenance of clinical expertise. PMID:24246105

Han, Heeyoung; Resch, David S; Kovach, Regina A

2013-01-01

16

Assessment Methods in Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1950s, there has been rapid and extensive change in the way assessment is conducted in medical education. Several new methods of assessment have been developed and implemented over this time and they have focused on clinical skills (taking a history from a patient and performing a physical examination), communication skills, procedural…

Norcini, John J.; McKinley, Danette W.

2007-01-01

17

Baccalaureate program in medical physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

One category of applied physics presently of great interest is medical physics; in large measure this is due to the increasingly rapid transfer of physical concepts and techniques to the area of health care. The traditional entrance to the medical physics profession is at the master's level. A four-year baccalaureate applied physics program is described, which, among other things, provides

Michael Chopp; A. R. Liboff

1978-01-01

18

[Brazil-Medico and the contributions of medical-hygienist thought to the scientific bases of Brazilian physical education].  

PubMed

The end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth were emblematic in the 'scientifization' of physical education in Brazil. This examination of the journal Brazil-Medico during 1887-1923 seeks to identify views of the body and health as well as contributions to the scientific bases of physical education in Brazil. PMID:19241681

Mendes, Maria Isabel Brandão de Souza; da Nóbrega, Terezinha Petrucia

2008-01-01

19

FIPSE: Changing Medical Education Forever.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) has played a central role in sponsoring innovations in the medical and health sciences, including landmark medical projects to integrate women's health issues into the medical curriculum and to use lay people in the teaching and evaluating of medical students. (EV)

Levison, Sandra P.; Straumanis, Joan

2002-01-01

20

Shifting Paradigms of Research in Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical educators debate which models of scientific research should be applied to problems in academic medicine. The reigning model was derived from the first scientific revolution of Newtonian physics. The emerging model is grounded in the second scientific revolution of Einstein's quantum physics. (Author/MSE)

Irby, David M.; Edwards, Janine C. Ed.

1990-01-01

21

Unresolved Crisis in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

A crisis exists in medical education. Changes in methodology have diverted attention from synthesis to mass accumulation of factual data. The response to this crisis has been largely focused on a shell game involving new pathways and curriculum changes without addressing the critical issue of what constitutes education. The ultimate problem in medical education is a crisis of leadership. Until education is given a priority status and the obligations to teach on the part of medical educators and to learn on the part of students are translated into a creative policy by those who can lead, the wheels of learning will continue to spin without significant progress.

Severin, Matthew J.

1994-01-01

22

Adapting Physical Education Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet the requirements of recent federal legislation, the booklet describes Project DART, which provides services in adapted physical education for handicapped children in Georgia. The first section examines the state of the art in adapted physical education and reviews the mandates of Public Law 94-142 (the Education for All…

Bundschuh, Ernest; And Others

23

Physical Education '73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles deals with the importance of physical education to a child's development. The first article, "Directions and Thrust," examines three aspects of elementary physical education which became particularly important in the 1960's: movement education, perceptual-motor development programs, and the multidisciplinary approach.…

American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

24

The origins of medical physics.  

PubMed

The historical origins of medical physics are traced from the first use of weighing as a means of monitoring health by Sanctorius in the early seventeenth century to the emergence of radiology, phototherapy and electrotherapy at the end of the nineteenth century. The origins of biomechanics, due to Borelli, and of medical electricity following Musschenbroek's report of the Leyden Jar, are included. Medical physics emerged as a separate academic discipline in France at the time of the Revolution, with Jean Hallé as its first professor. Physiological physics flowered in Germany during the mid-nineteenth century, led by the work of Adolf Fick. The introduction of the term medical physics into English by Neil Arnott failed to accelerate its acceptance in Britain or the USA. Contributions from Newton, Euler, Bernoulli, Nollet, Matteucci, Pelletan, Gavarret, d'Arsonval, Finsen, Röntgen and others are noted. There are many origins of medical physics, stemming from the many intersections between physics and medicine. Overall, the early nineteenth-century definition of medical physics still holds today: 'Physics applied to the knowledge of the human body, to its preservation and to the cure of its illnesses'. PMID:24709572

Duck, Francis A

2014-06-01

25

Implementing Online Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online physical education, although seemingly an oxymoron, appears to be the wave of the future at least for some students. The purpose of this article is to explore research and options for online learning in physical education and to examine a curriculum, assessment, and instructional model for online learning. The article examines how physical

Mohnsen, Bonnie

2012-01-01

26

Implications for Veterinary Medical Education: Postprofessional Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern about delivery of veterinary medical services to animal agriculture and implications for postprofessional veterinary medical education are discussed. The individual needs and goals of livestock producers, practicing veterinarians, and veterinary academicians are so varied that actual delivery of veterinary medical services is difficult to…

Kahrs, Robert F.

1980-01-01

27

Professional development of medical educators.  

PubMed

Clinicians are increasingly involved in teaching, learning, assessment and supervisory activities with medical students, trainees and other health professionals. Participation in professional development pathways and activities in medical education enables clinical teachers to provide high quality education and training. PMID:20220724

Swanwick, Tim; McKimm, Judy

2010-03-01

28

Allied Medical Education Directory: 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The directory is provided by the Council on Medical Education of the American Medical Association (AMA) in collaboration with 29 other medical organizations, which are listed in Section 1 with names of officers and addresses. A brief history of the council follows, along with a statement of its basic principles for the accreditation of allied…

American Medical Association, Chicago, IL. Council on Medical Education.

29

Geriatric Medical Education in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we will focus on geriatric medical education in Israel and will review our experience in this field. A coordinated effort of the Ministry of Health and the Israeli Medical Association led to the establishment of a modern geriatric system and to the recognition of geriatrics as a medical specialty in the early 1980s. All four…

Leibovitz, Arthur; Baumoehl, Yehuda; Habot, Beni

2004-01-01

30

Integrating Patients into Medical Education  

PubMed Central

The discussions about medical education in the public focus upon quantity. The quality of the teaching process isn’t questioned. But the professionalization of medical education should start with a close look at bedside teaching because it is the core of training medical doctors. Patient-centered teaching: German medical leicensure act (Approbationsordnung) defines the quality of medical education by standard setting for group sizes and fixing the hours of bedside teaching. Although there are some fuzzy definitions it is possible to extract some special forms of bedside teaching. The capacity act (Kapazitätsverordnung) interprets these definitions for calculating the number of students who could be enrolled each year. Types of bedside teaching: The different forms of contact with patients which are necessary for a good medical education can be transformed into distinct types of courses. Our classification of courses with specific forms of patient contact is suitable to describe each German program of medical studies. This quantitative profile offers new opportunities for comparing medical education at the different faculties. Discussion: In many German medical schools the hours of bedside teaching are allocated in a verv pragmatical way according to the medical leicensure act. A more professional curriculum planning leads to a sophisticated use of these diverse forms of patient-centered teaching. Because this professional planning is better derived from the legal basis it offers new arguments against an economically oriented hospital management.

Fischer, Volkhard

2012-01-01

31

Phenomenology and Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical education is often justified within the curriculum as academic study, as a worthwhile activity on a par with other academic subjects on offer and easy to assess. Part of the problem has been that movement studies in physical education are looked upon as disembodied and disconnected from its central concerns which are associated with…

Stolz, Steven A.

2013-01-01

32

Real-time teleteaching in medical physics.  

PubMed

Medical physics is a relatively small professional community, usually with a scarcity of expertise that could greatly benefit students entering the field. However, the reach of the profession can span great geographical distances, making the training of students a difficult task. In addition to the requirement of training new students, the evolving field of medical physics, with its many emerging advanced techniques and technologies, could benefit greatly from ongoing continuing education as well as consultation with experts.Many continuing education courses and workshops are constantly being offered, including many web-based study courses and virtual libraries. However, one mode of education and communication that has not been widely used is the real-time interactive process. Video-based conferencing systems do exist, but these usually require a substantial amount of effort and cost to set up.The authors have been working on promoting the ever-expanding capability of the Internet to facilitate the education of medical physics to students entering the field. A pilot project has been carried out for six years and reported previously. The project is a collaboration between the Department of Medical Physics at the Toronto Odette Cancer Centre in Canada and the Department of Biomedical Imaging at the University of Malaya in Malaysia. Since 2001, medical physics graduate students at the University of Malaya have been taught by lecturers from Toronto every year, using the Internet as the main tool of communication.The pilot study explored the different methods that can be used to provide real-time interactive remote education, and delivered traditional classroom lectures as well as hands-on workshops.Another similar project was started in 2007 to offer real-time teaching to a class of medical physics students at Wuhan University in Hubei, China. There are new challenges as well as new opportunities associated with this project. By building an inventory of tools and experiences, the intent is to broaden the real-time teleteaching method to serve a wide community so that future students entering the field can have efficient access to high-quality education that will benefit the profession in the long term. PMID:21614306

Woo, M; Ng, Kh

2008-01-01

33

[The globalization of medical education].  

PubMed

With reference to a recently published research article on the applicability and effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) in non-Western medical schools, this commentary explores the assumption that a set of shared values is the common denominator of the globalisation of medical education. The use and effectiveness of PBL are not isolated from the cultural and social structural context in which it is applied; critical differences in values and in views on education underlie what educators and students perceive to be effective locally. The globalisation of medical education is more than the import of instructional designs, and includes Western models of social organisation that require deep reflection and adaptation for success; hence, instead of spreading models for medical education across the globe, more effort should be put into the support of 'home-grown' equivalents and alternatives. PMID:23343741

Stevens, Fred C J

2013-01-01

34

Medical health physics: a review.  

PubMed

Medical health physics is the profession dedicated to the protection of healthcare providers, members of the public, and patients from unwarranted radiation exposure. Medical health physicists must be knowledgeable in the principles of health physics and in the applications of radiation in medicine. Advances in medical health physics require the definition of problems, testing of hypotheses, and gathering of evidence to defend changes in health physics practice and to assist medical practitioners in making changes in their practices as appropriate. Advances in radiation medicine have resulted in new modalities and procedures, some of which have significant potential to cause serious harm. Examples included in this review include radiologic procedures that require very long fluoroscopy times, radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies, and intravascular brachytherapy. This review summarizes evidence that supports changes in consensus recommendations, regulations, and health physics practices associated with recent advances in radiology, nuclear medicine, and radiation oncology. Medical health physicists must continue to gather evidence to support intelligent but practical methods for protection of personnel, the public, and patients as modalities and applications evolve in the practice of medicine. PMID:15891459

Vetter, Richard J

2005-06-01

35

Medical health physics: a review.  

PubMed

Medical health physics is the profession dedicated to the protection of healthcare providers, members of the public, and patients from unwarranted radiation exposure. Medical health physicists must be knowledgeable in the principles of health physics and in the applications of radiation in medicine. Advances in medical health physics require the definition of problems, testing of hypotheses, and gathering of evidence to defend changes in health physics practice and to assist medical practitioners in making changes in their practices as appropriate. Advances in radiation medicine have resulted in new modalities and procedures, some of which have significant potential to cause serious harm. Examples included in this review include radiologic procedures that require very long fluoroscopy times, radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies, and intravascular brachytherapy. This review summarizes evidence that supports changes in consensus recommendations, regulations, and health physics practices associated with recent advances in radiology, nuclear medicine, and radiation oncology. Medical health physicists must continue to gather evidence to support intelligent but practical methods for protection of personnel, the public, and patients as modalities and applications evolve in the practice of medicine. PMID:15083140

Vetter, Richard J

2004-05-01

36

Physics Teacher Education Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by staff members at the American Physical Society and the American Association of Physics Teachers, the Physics Teacher Education Coalition (PETC) is a network of institutions committed "to improving the education of future physics and physical science teachers." On the site, visitors can look through the Library area, which contains curricula, help for new teachers, information on teacher preparation, and ten other topics. The Latest Additions area is a great way to learn about what's been added to the site in recent days and weeks. Moving along, the Special Initiatives contains information about programs designed to create a groundswell of support for physics education across the country. Also, visitors can learn about Conferences & Workshops that the PETC sponsors for educators.

37

Podiatric Medical Education: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic curricular structure and courses deemed necessary to podiatric medical education are outlined and their rationale explained. Specialties appropriate to podiatric practice, such as electrophysiology and cardiovascular physiology, are noted, and the sequence of coursework suggested. (MSE)

Pollock, George P.

1980-01-01

38

Physical Education 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Physical education is important to children and their developing bodies, both physical and mental. All children should get up off the couch and do some type of physical activity. Students will understand and apply the health-enhancing benefits of physical activity and proper nutrition. Being healthy in physical activity and eating the right foods boost your ability to have fun and feel good about yourself. The President\\'s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports program is a great way for kids to get started at getting physically fit. They have listed their top 10 tips ...

Cherry, Mr.

2008-10-15

39

Advances in Medical Physics 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical Physics Publishing, founded in 1985 by John Cameron, became the official distributor of books and reports for the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) in 1999. It has obvious links to the University of Wisconsin where Bill Hendee has recently retired as Dean of the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences to devote more time to editing and publishing.

A Todd-Pokropek

2007-01-01

40

Physical Education's Fourth Domain: Physical Fitness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Surgeon General's report discusses the importance of daily physical activity and addresses the role of schools' physical education programs in implementing activity into every child's life. Professionals in the physical education field have typically used three domains to address the physical education curriculum: motor, cognitive, and…

Beaudet, Bob; Acquaviva, John

2005-01-01

41

Can medical education be researched?  

PubMed

Many medical educators are tempted or encouraged to conduct research into teaching techniques, methods of evaluation, and curricular change. These educators are generally career physicians who become distressed by their inability to apply the social science model of research to their project with impunity. This paper addresses the issues involved in conducting educational research and provides some suggestions for methodology that can be used. PMID:1749345

Lloyd, D A

1991-01-01

42

Physical Education as Porn!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This paper offers critical commentary on the culture of "performativity" that has dominated educational discourse over the last 20 years, affecting the way in which researchers, teachers, pupils and parents think and act toward Physical Education and sport (PESP) in schools. It is a culture that, in the UK, is likely to intensify in…

Evans, John

2013-01-01

43

Capacity utilisation in medical education.  

PubMed

It is uncertain as to whether medical schools are operating to their maximum capacity or whether they could further maximise their capacity. It is also uncertain what problems medical schools might run into by striving to drive maximum capacity utilisation. Certainly there is no shortage of reports on why and how medical education providers should scale up, and yet there is inadequate scholarship on how medical education might do this in practice. It makes economic sense for medical schools to operate at maximum efficient capacity and yet adverse effects might result if schools are driven too hard. The main casualty of nearing the maximum efficient capacity is likely to be staff and staff morale. Staff will start to suffer from stress as a result of continually working to their limits. It is better to get buy-in from staff before implementing major changes that might increase capacity utilisation. PMID:24848401

Walsh, Kieran

2014-05-01

44

Physics Education Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physics Education Technology (PhET) Project at the University of Colorado produces fun, interactive simulations of physical phenomena that make bridges to the real world. Topics include Motion, Work, Energy & Power, Sound & Waves, Heat & Thermo, Electricity & Circuits, Light & Radiation, Quantum Phenomena, and Math Tools.

Wieman, Carl

45

Physical Fitness and Adapted Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author contends that physical fitness through adapted physical education allows handicapped students to successfully participate in sports and independent recreational activities in the community. (SB)

Auxter, David

1982-01-01

46

Undergraduate medical education in Germany  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this article is to give international readers an overview of the organisation, structure and curriculum, together with important advances and problems, of undergraduate medical education in Germany. Interest in medical education in Germany has been relatively low but has gained momentum with the new "Regulation of the Licensing of Doctors" which came into effect in 2003. Medical education had required substantial reform, particularly with respect to improving the links between theoretical and clinical teaching and the extension of interdisciplinary and topic-related instruction. It takes six years and three months to complete the curriculum and training is divided into three sections: basic science (2 years), clinical science (3 years) and final clinical year. While the reorganisation of graduate medical education required by the new "Regulation of the Licensing of Doctors" has stimulated multiple excellent teaching projects, there is evidence that some of the stipulated changes have not been implemented. Indeed, whether the medical schools have complied with this regulation and its overall success remains to be assessed systematically. Mandatory external accreditation and periodic reaccreditation of medical faculties need to be established in Germany.

Chenot, Jean-Francois

2009-01-01

47

The Role of Medical Museums in Contemporary Medical Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a review of the history of medical museums in medical education. This article also evaluates the usefulness for learning of modern museums that have been transformed with modern technology but maintain the spirit of the medical museum.

2010-09-01

48

Cyber-Physical Medical and Medication Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical and medication devices are real-time systems with safety and timing requirements. They range from hard-real-time, embedded, and reactive systems such as pacemakers to soft-real-time, stand-alone medication dispensers. Many of these devices are already connected to computer networks, especially in hospital intensive-care units, so that patients' conditions detected by sensors can be monitored in real-time at remote computer stations nearby

Albert M. K. Cheng

2008-01-01

49

Physical Education. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past 50 years, poor physical health of adolescents has been a concern in the U.S. The obesity rate has tripled from 5% in 1980 to 15% in 2000. With more emphasis placed on high stakes standardized tests, the priority of physical education classes has taken a back seat. Based on a survey done in 2003, slightly more than half of the states…

Walker, Karen

2005-01-01

50

Learning objects in medical education.  

PubMed

A learning object (LO) is a grouping of instructional materials structured to meet a specified educational objective. Digital LOs, which can be stored electronically, allow a new approach to instructional activity, making medical education more efficient, and potentially more cost-effective. They are reusable and can incorporate text, graphics, animations, audio, and video to support and enhance learning. A learning object can stand alone or be aggregated with additional objects to create larger forms of educational content meeting multiple educational objectives. Digital learning objects located in online repositories can be accessed by many computers and are easily handled by an array of learning management systems for delivery to learners at any time. Integrating digital learning objects with traditional educational methods in a blended learning approach assists medical educators in meeting the challenges of competing priorities. Multimedia LOs enable learners to tailor their experience to their preferred learning style. Through the use of learning objects, learners' reactions, their acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes, and their behavioral changes become readily measurable. Learning objects provide multiple research opportunities, such as their use in adaptive learning, their added value in preclinical versus clinical education, and their impact as part of a blended learning strategy. PMID:17594550

Ruiz, Jorge G; Mintzer, Michael J; Issenberg, S Barry

2006-11-01

51

Basic Instruction in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapter 1 of this monograph dealing with basic physical education instruction programs traces the history of physical education in colleges and universities from 1885 to 1985. Physical education programs became strongly entrenched within the higher education curriculum with the sanction of college administrators who recognized a responsibility to…

Priest, Laurie, Ed.

52

Pediatric hospitalists and medical education.  

PubMed

Pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) is moving toward becoming an American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) subspecialty, roughly a decade after its formal inception in 2003. Education has played a central role as the field has evolved. Hospitalists are needed to educate trainees, medical students, residents, fellows, and nurse practitioner and physician assistant students in inpatient pediatric practice. Continuous professional development is needed for hospitalists currently in practice to augment clinical skills, such as providing sedation and placing peripherally inserted central catheter lines, and nonclinical skills in areas such as quality improvement methodology, hospital administration, and health service research. To address the educational needs of the current and future state of PHM, additional training is now needed beyond residency training. Fellowship training will be essential to continue to advance the field of PHM as well as to petition the ABP for specialty accreditation. Training in using adult educational theory, curriculum, and assessment design are critical for pediatric hospitalists choosing to advance their careers as clinician-educators. Several venues are available for gaining advanced knowledge and skill as an educator. PHM clinician-educators are advancing the field of pediatric education as well as their own academic careers by virtue of the scholarly approach they have taken to designing and implementing curricula for unique PHM teaching situations. PHM educators are changing the educational paradigm to address challenges to traditional education strategies posed by duty hour restrictions and the increasing drive to shorten the duration of the hospitalization. By embracing learning with technology, such as simulation and e-learning with mobile devices, PHM educators can address these challenges as well as respond to learning preferences of millennial learners. The future for PHM education is bright. [Pediatr Ann. 2014;43(7):e151-e156.]. PMID:24977677

Ottolini, Mary C

2014-07-01

53

Physical Education: Essential Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is aimed primarily at under and postgraduate students pursuing entire programmes or discrete courses and modules in the broad area of physical education and sport in schools. It consists of a collection of what is considered to be essential readings in the sense that they are contributions from eminent authors on a breadth of salient…

Green, Ken, Ed.; Hardman, Ken, Ed.

2005-01-01

54

Implementation of the medical education partnership initiative: medical students' perspective.  

PubMed

The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is contributing to the transformation of medical training in Africa. In this paper, medical students present their perspective on how MEPI initiatives have influenced five key areas related to African medical trainees: educational infrastructure, information technology, community-based training, scientific research, and professional outlook and goals. They propose three new areas of focus that could further assist MEPI in bettering medical training in Africa. PMID:25072574

Bagala, John Paul; Macheka, Nyasha D; Abebaw, Hiwot; Wen, Leana S

2014-08-01

55

Generic Learning Objectives in the Domain of Medical Device Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested that the role of the biomedical physics-engineering educator in faculties of health sciences should focus primarily on the functioning and effective and safe use of medical devices. This is a wide- ranging role which has a legal basis particularly now that the definition of the term ‚medical device' has been clarified in international legislation. The array,

Carmel J. Caruana; Jaromir Plasek

56

Review of online educational resources for medical physicists.  

PubMed

Medical physicists are often involved in the didactic training of graduate students, residents (both physics and physicians), and technologists. As part of continuing medical education, we are also involved in maintenance of certification projects to assist in the education of our peers. As such, it is imperative that we remain current concerning available educational resources. Medical physics journals offer book reviews, allowing us an opportunity to learn about newly published books in the field. A similar means of communication is not currently available for online educational resources. This information is conveyed through informal means. This review presents a summary of online resources available to the medical physics community that may be useful for educational purposes. PMID:24257289

Prisciandaro, Joann I

2013-01-01

57

Physical Activity Promotion and School Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines school physical education (PE) and how it can be an important part of the national physical activity promotion effort. Section 1 introduces the issue of youth activity and PE, noting that schools and universities must reintroduce daily, quality physical activity as a key component of comprehensive education. Section 2…

Morrow, James R., Jr.; Jackson, Allen W.; Payne, V. Gregory

1999-01-01

58

Gross anatomy in medical education.  

PubMed

The present state of human gross anatomy in medical education can generally be characterized as the presentation of a large bolus of information that is swallowed and only partly digested during the first year of medical school. The subject is often taught in a depth beyond that which would be relevant to all physicians irrespective of their future professional careers. This condition has resulted from adaptive adjustments to the escalating discrepancy between a rapidly expanding knowledge base in science and technology and the relatively fixed time period for education of a physician. Initially, traditional courses retained their comprehensive character, and new information was simply piled on top of existing departmental offerings. It soon became obvious that there would have to be a reduction in time devoted to established courses and a reciprocal expansion of time to accommodate newly developing sciences. Such adjustments were painful and often led to conflicts about what comprises essential knowledge in medical education. Thus, the curriculum time devoted to human gross anatomy has been significantly reduced to accommodate new knowledge in cellular and sub-cellular structures and other disciplines. That common foundation of knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes essential to all physicians regardless of specialty is ever-changing and often debated by medical school faculty members. However, two facts are generally agreed upon: that today's medical student with a broad but perhaps thin base in science and limited direct clinical experience is not competent upon graduation to assume patient care responsibilities without supervision and that as a result, the formal education of a physician has expanded into the graduate domain.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3706911

Beahrs, O H; Chase, R A; Ger, R

1986-05-01

59

Analysis of the Children's Hospital Graduate Medical Education Program Fund Allocations for Indirect Medical Education Costs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed issues related to estimating indirect medical education costs specific to pediatric discharges. The Children's Hospital Graduate Medical Education (CHGNE) program was established to support graduate medical education in children's hospitals. This provision authorizes payments for both direct and indirect medical education

Wynn, Barbara O.; Kawata, Jennifer

60

Sonographer Continuing Medical Education Courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced by GE Healthcare, these courses offer continuing education for sonographers. Courses range from the introductory (Basics of 3D/4D Ultrasound) to the specific (Carotid Duplex Imaging). Specific areas of the body are also covered, including imaging for the breast, uterus, and brain. Each course is supplemented with objectives, anatomy, images, bibliographies, and a quiz covering the content of the lesson. This is an exceptional resource for students and teachers in the fields of diagnostic medical sonography and ultrasound technology.

2007-02-27

61

Microsimulators in Medical Education: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the four basic types of educational simulators that are available foe medical education for problem-based, interactive learning focuses on the role of microsimulators. Describes educational medical simulators and suggests that the development of microsimulators should focus on the intelligent, educational feedback in the debriefing.…

Christensen, Ulrik Juul; Heffernan, Drew; Barach, Paul

2001-01-01

62

Extreme Makeover: Physical Education Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author cites valuable lessons to be learned from reality television shows that can also be utilized by physical educators. The author states some of the reality television's messages like: (1) physical educators must know how to maximize the activity time during physical education class; (2) must have a plan of action so that…

Brewer, Joan; Worrell, Vicki

2006-01-01

63

Developing and Assessing Curriculum on the Physics of Medical Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate educational settings often struggle to provide students with authentic biologically or medically relevant situations and problems that simultaneously improve their understanding of physics. Through exercises and laboratory activities developed in an elective Physics in Biomedicine course for upper-level biology or pre-health majors…

Christensen, Warren; Johnson, James K.; Van Ness, Grace R.; Mylott, Elliot; Dunlap, Justin C.; Anderson, Elizabeth A.; Widenhorn, Ralf

2013-01-01

64

Liberal Education and Medical School Admissions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent data on medical school admissions are analyzed, and it is shown that they support the contention that the medical profession actively seeks liberally educated individuals, at least in the sense that "liberally educated" implies a reasonable breadth rather than a narrowly specialized education. (Author/LBH)

Tribble, David B.

1978-01-01

65

Physical Education: Foundations, Practices, Principles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers a cross-section of the concepts and subject-matter areas which form the theoretical framework for physical education. Its stated purpose is to provide a source of information, insight, and inspiration to those who comtemplate physical education as a career. Chapters include the following: (a) "Education for a Better World;" (b)…

Frost, Reuben B.

66

Physical Education and Fostering Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rather than presenting an academic paper, I wanted to simply examine my own perspective as a physical educator and classroom teacher and the importance of creating relationships with children. As a relatively new physical educator and recent Masters of Education graduate of the University of Toronto at OISE, but experienced classroom teacher…

Bosco, Angela

2013-01-01

67

Physical Education, Cognition and Agency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional analytical philosophy of education assigns a peripheral place to physical education, partly because orthodox epistemology finds its cognitive claims implausible. An understandable but dubious response to this state of affairs is the attempt to relocate physical education within the academic curriculum, with its characteristic emphasis…

Reid, Andrew

2013-01-01

68

Law and the Physical Educator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since federal and state laws directly influence the professional activities of physical educators, it is essential to understand the implications of particular laws and regulations as well as legal processes. Some misconceptions about the law are examined, and techniques by which physical educators can affect educational policy are explored. (JN)

Jansma, Paul; French, Ron

1982-01-01

69

Medical Readers' Theater: Relevance to Geriatrics Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical Readers' Theater (MRT) is an innovative and simple way of helping medical students to reflect on difficult-to-discuss topics in geriatrics medical education, such as aging stereotypes, disability and loss of independence, sexuality, assisted living, relationships with adult children, and end-of-life issues. The authors describe a required…

Shapiro, Johanna; Cho, Beverly

2011-01-01

70

Educating Primary Teachers to Teach Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research evidence suggests that, worldwide, physical education in early years is mainly taught by primary teachers (Graber et al., 2008; Hunter, 2006; Kirk, 2005). Descriptions of primary teachers' experiences of teaching physical education are particularly essential as an avenue for developing better-quality teacher training for teaching primary…

Tsangaridou, Niki

2012-01-01

71

Individual Education Programs for Adapted Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Section 504, least restrictive environment (LRE) relate to physical education placement and services. More specifically, the Individual Education Program (IEP) is explained with suggestions for initial screening, referral, and assessment. Ten levels of service…

Conatser, Phillip; Summar, Cliff

2004-01-01

72

Quality Assurance in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an economic and political climate marked by the continued reduction of physical education programs, the authors believe that advocacy is now a professional responsibility that all physical educators have a duty to perform. Despite support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010), the National Association for Sport and Physical

Richards, K. Andrew R.; Wilson, Wesley J.

2012-01-01

73

Emerging Technologies in Physics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three emerging technologies in physics education are evaluated from the interdisciplinary perspective of cognitive science and physics education research. The technologies--Physlet Physics, the Andes Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), and Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) Tools--are assessed particularly in terms of their potential at promoting…

Krusberg, Zosia A. C.

2007-01-01

74

Evaluating ethics competence in medical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We critically evaluate the ways in which competence in medical ethics has been evaluated. We report the initial stage in the development of a relevant, reliable and valid instrument to evaluate core critical thinking skills in medical ethics. This instrument can be used to evaluate the impact of medical ethics education programmes and to assess whether medical students have achieved

J. Savulescu; R. Crisp; K. W. M. Fulford; T. Hope

1999-01-01

75

Medical Imagistic Database Query for Educational Purpose  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents original query modalities on a multimedia database that stores medical images and the associated information,\\u000a for educational goal. So, a modern and efficient system for professional accomplishment is offered to the medical superior\\u000a education (including residents, young specialists, family doctors and medical assistants). Specialists can update the medical\\u000a image database with images acquired from different patients in

Liana Stanescu; Dumitru Dan Burdescu; Gabriel Mihai; Anca Ion; Cosmin Stoica Spahiu

2008-01-01

76

Cartesian Dualism and Physical Education: Epistemological Incompatibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two questions arise in examining the implications of physical education: Is physical education an education of the physical? and Is physical education an education through the physical? In these two questions there are two distinct points of view, two different ways of understanding the meaning, scope, and aim of education, two conceptions of man,…

Ross, Saul

77

How to improve medical education website design  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Internet provides a means of disseminating medical education curricula, allowing institutions to share educational resources. Much of what is published online is poorly planned, does not meet learners' needs, or is out of date. DISCUSSION: Applying principles of curriculum development, adult learning theory and educational website design may result in improved online educational resources. Key steps in developing

Stephen D Sisson; Felicia Hill-Briggs; David Levine

2010-01-01

78

Reform of medical education in Korea.  

PubMed

There are 41 medical schools in South Korea with over 3500 students graduating from the medical schools annually with the appropriate qualifications to practice medicine. Korean medical educators have made significant efforts to enhance the effectiveness of medical education by preparing students for the rapidly changing global environment of medicine and healthcare. This article outlines the reform efforts made by Korean medical schools to meet such demands, which includes the adoption of student-centered and competency-based education, e-learning, and authentic assessment of clinical performance. It also discusses the recent reform of the medical education system, driven by the Government's policy to prepare Korean higher education for an increasingly knowledge-based society. PMID:20163225

Kim, Kyong-Jee; Kee, Changwon

2010-01-01

79

The internal challenges to medical education.  

PubMed Central

This presentation shall discuss the major "internal" challenges to medical education--that is, challenges to achieving effective medical teaching that have arisen from the evolution of the science and practice of medicine. These issues are defined as "internal" in that they reflect the internal evolution of the profession and of academic medical centers, independent of the perturbations in medical education we are presently experiencing as a result of the hostile external environment of health care. Examples of these internal challenges include the growing "bench-bedside gap," the traditional tensions at medical schools between teaching and research, and the need to adjust medical education to meet the challenges imposed by chronic diseases. The need for "internal" leadership from within the profession to help solve some of the "external" problems of medical education shall also be discussed.

Ludmerer, Kenneth M.

2003-01-01

80

Career Opportunities in Medical Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys applications of physics in medicine, including the use of physical principles and techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, and the use of these concepts in preventive medicine and safe clinical environments. (MLH)

Hendee, William R.; Siegel, Edward

1977-01-01

81

Evaluating ethics competence in medical education.  

PubMed Central

We critically evaluate the ways in which competence in medical ethics has been evaluated. We report the initial stage in the development of a relevant, reliable and valid instrument to evaluate core critical thinking skills in medical ethics. This instrument can be used to evaluate the impact of medical ethics education programmes and to assess whether medical students have achieved a satisfactory level of performance of core skills and knowledge in medical ethics, within and across institutions.

Savulescu, J; Crisp, R; Fulford, K W; Hope, T

1999-01-01

82

Physical Education in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the incidence and quality of physical activity instruction during early childhood. Although the positive effect of physical activity on the cognitive, social, and physical development of young children is generally acknowledged, there is little emphasis nationally on ensuring appropriate physical educational experiences…

Stork, Steve; Sanders, Stephen W.

2008-01-01

83

Management studies in medical education.  

PubMed

In 1977, the World Health Assembly (WHA) set the social target--the "Health For All" goal and in 1995, urged member states to "re-orientate medical education and medical practice for "Health For All" (resolution WHA 48.8). This led to World Health Organisation to enunciate the "5-star doctor" needing skills in healthcare management, quality assurance and health economics. The Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya introduced the New Integrated Curriculum (NIC) in 1995. The objective was aimed at producing a competent doctor with a holistic approach to the practice of medicine. This was to be achieved by having 3 strands of studies i.e. The Scientific Basis of Medicine (SBM), the Doctor, Patient, Health and Society (DPHS), and Personal and Professional Development (PPD) over the 5-year programme, split into 3 phases. Elements of the "5-star doctor" were introduced in strand 2--DPHS and strand 3--PPD. Management studies were introduced in the Personal and Professional Development (PPD) strand. This led to an instructional module--"Principles of Management in Health Care Services (PMGT)" comprising of the Management of Self, Resources and People and incorporating a three week field programme. Evaluation is undertaken at the end of the phase IIIA of the studies. This NIC approach will be able to produce a "5-star doctor", a team player, leader, communicator and an effective manager. PMID:16315627

Noor Ghani, S; Saimy, I

2005-08-01

84

Connecting Research in Physics Education with Teacher Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This book from the International Commission on Physics Education (ICPE) makes available the results of research in physics education to physics educators working with pre- or in-service physics teachers. Three editions are avaiable, in English, French, and Spanish.

Barojas, Jorge; Jossem, E. L.; Tiberghien, Andrãâ©e

2009-05-18

85

Simulation in Medical Education: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of simulation in medical education at all levels and describes how role play, standardized patients, computer, videotape, and mannequin simulations are integrated into the educational curricula for medical students and physicians. Discusses advantages and disadvantages of simulation and barriers to the use of simulation.…

Lane, J. Lindsey; Slavin, Stuart; Ziv, Amitai

2001-01-01

86

Changes in Medical Education: The Community Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four professional participants in a well-developed community-based medical education system examine the implications of current change for their various roles, managing a community hospital, directing a local area health education center, teaching family medicine, and as a community preceptor. Some common themes concerning community-based medical

Hensel, William A.; And Others

1996-01-01

87

Child Psychiatry Curricula in Undergraduate Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study to review the amount of time devoted to child psychiatry in undergraduate medical education is conducted. Results conclude that relatively low priority is given to child psychiatry in medical education with suggestions for international teaching standards on the subject.

Sawyer, Michael Gifford; Giesen, Femke; Walter, Garry

2008-01-01

88

Hidden Curriculum in Continuing Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In developing curricula for undergraduate and graduate medical education, educators have become increasingly aware of an interweaving of the formal, informal, and hidden curricula and their influences on the outcomes of teaching and learning. But, to date, there is little in the literature about the hidden curriculum of medical practice, which…

Bennett, Nancy; Lockyer, Jocelyn; Mann, Karen; Batty, Helen; LaForet, Karen; Rethans, Jan-Joost; Silver, Ivan

2004-01-01

89

Why Preschoolers Need Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NAEYC, the National Association for Sport and Physical Education, and the US Department of Health and Human Services all recommend that preschool programs offer physical education. There are many reasons why. First, young children form healthy habits early in life. Before entering elementary school they learn to brush their teeth, bathe…

Pica, Rae

2011-01-01

90

Using Humor in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Humor can be extremely beneficial in everyday life, whether giving or receiving it. It can be used to lighten the mood, give encouragement, or make corrections. Humor in physical education is no exception. Physical educators can use humor as a teaching tool and to create an environment for students to acquire the knowledge to practice a lifetime…

Barney, David; Christenson, Robert

2013-01-01

91

Mastery Learning in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the design of a physical education curriculum to be used in advanced secondary physical education programs and in university basic instructional programs; the design is based on the premise of mastery learning and employs programed instructional techniques. The effective implementation of a mastery learning model necessitates…

Annarino, Anthony

92

Physics Education Research Conference 98  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Proceedings of the 1998 Physics Education Research Conference held in conjunction with the AAPT Summer Meeting at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. It includes a printed version of almost all the talks from the conference, as well as an appendix with historical information and summaries of the activities of the U.S. Physics Education Research groups.

Group, Unl R.

2003-10-10

93

Standardizing and personalizing science in medical education.  

PubMed

In the century since the initial publication of the Flexner Report, medical education has emphasized a broad knowledge of science and a fundamental understanding of the scientific method, which medical educators believe are essential to the practice of medicine. The enormous growth of scientific knowledge that underlies clinical practice has challenged medical schools to accommodate this new information within the curricula. Although innovative educational modalities and new curricula have partly addressed this growth, the authors argue for a systematic restructuring of the content and structure of science education from the premedical setting through clinical practice. The overarching goal of science education is to provide students with a broad, solid foundation applicable to medicine, a deep understanding of the scientific method, and the attitudes and skills needed to apply new knowledge to patient care throughout their careers. The authors believe that to accomplish this successfully, the following changes must occur across the three major stages of medical education: (1) a reshaping of the scientific preparation that all students complete before medical school, (2) an increase in individualized science education during medical school, and (3) an emphasis on knowledge acquisition skills throughout graduate medical education and beyond to assure lifelong scientific learning. As students progress through the educational continuum, the balance of standardized and personalized scientific knowledge will shift toward personalization. Greater personalization demands that physicians possess well-refined skills in information acquisition, interpretation, and application for optimal lifelong learning and effective clinical practice. PMID:20107368

Lambert, David R; Lurie, Stephen J; Lyness, Jeffrey M; Ward, Denham S

2010-02-01

94

Michigan Physics Education Standards- 2007  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from the Great Lakes Fuel Cell Education Partnership contains a brief outline of the state of Michigan's physics education standards for 2007. The document includes information about specific educational standards and how they may be taught in conjunction with units on renewable energies such as fossil fuels, wind energy, fuel cells and biofuels. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2011-12-23

95

Preserving the humanities in medical education.  

PubMed

Patients are frequently unhappy with medical care because physicians fail to demonstrate humanistic qualities. Immersion in science is a necessary part of medical education but not sufficient. Courses in the history of medicine, the medical narrative in literature, bioethics, medicine and art, and spirituality and medicine will train physicians who will temper technological medicine with a humanistic touch. The rapid growth in biomedical knowledge and the growing demands upon medical students' time threaten to crowd out time for the humanities. Furthermore, the financing of medical humanities programmes is often tenuous. Medical students must come to understand that much of medical knowledge is a function of time and place, that medicine is a profoundly social enterprise and that the practice of medicine is a value-laden undertaking. The preservation of programmes in the medical humanities will reinforce the social responsibility that should be inherent in medical education. PMID:20095779

Halperin, Edward C

2010-01-01

96

The Development of Education for Medical Librarians  

PubMed Central

Formal education for medical library specialization was initiated only thirty-two years ago despite the fact that medical libraries received special treatment for many years before that time. The philosophy of specialized education was developed as early as 1925, and this theory was finally put into practice beginning with the medical reference and bibliography course given at Columbia in 1939. In the late 1940s the requisites for medical librarians were formalized into a certification code by the Medical Library Association, and since that time specialized education for medical librarians has grown stronger using this code as a guideline. This education consists basically of two types—formal library school courses and internship programs which offer a working-while-learning situation. Now that the established programs have a few years of history, there is a need for evaluation and restatement of goals and methods.

Hill, Barbarie

1972-01-01

97

American Association of Physicists in Medicine Medical Physics Resource Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) has created this website for use by educators, students, and members of the general public. The site is divided into twenty different thematic areas containing links that profile all aspects of medical physics, including "Data & Standards", "Publications & Publishers", and "Students and Junior Physicists". The "Nuclear Medicine & PET Resources" area is a good place to start, and there are several links to internal resources that the AAPM has created, which provide an introduction to nuclear medicine. Moving on, the "Physics Data & Standards" area has several dozen links to material on x-rays, ionizing radiation standards, and reference data sheets. The site is rounded out by the "Publications" area, which offers direct links to some of the key journals in the field, such as "Medical Physics" and the "Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics".

98

Comparative Physical Education and Sport. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational theories and practice in the field of physical education and sport in various countries are discussed and compared. Chapters address: (1) comparative physical education and sport; (2) history and methodology of comparative education; (3) history and methodolog of comparative physical education and sport; (4) physical education in the…

Bennett, Bruce L.; And Others

99

Education for Medical Librarianship in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the teaching of library science in India with special emphasis on the state of medical librarianship, including university school admission requirements, curriculum, and teaching staff; medical libraries and librarians; and education for medical librarianship--curriculum, admission requirements, teaching staff requirements, teaching…

Pathan, A. Majid

1978-01-01

100

Medical Students' Affirmation of Ethics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Despite the acknowledged importance of ethics education in medical school, little empirical work has been done to assess the needs and preferences of medical students regarding ethics curricula. Methods: Eighty-three medical students at the University of New Mexico participated in a self-administered written survey including 41 scaled…

Lehrmann, Jon A.; Hoop, Jinger; Hammond, Katherine Green; Roberts, Laura Weiss

2009-01-01

101

Medical Treatment and Educational Problems in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The miracles of modern medical technology are sometimes accompanied by unanticipated costs affecting survivors' quality of life. This article considers the educational implications for three groups of children who could not survive without medical intervention: children treated for cancer, low birth-weight and premature infants, and the medically

Bartel, Nettie R.; Thurman, S. Kenneth

1992-01-01

102

Accreditation of Allied Medical Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared by the Council on Medical Education of the American Medical Association with the cooperation of collaborating organizations, this document is a collection of guidelines for accredited programs for medical assistants, nuclear medicine technology, orthopedic assistants, radiation therapy technology, and radiologic technologists. The…

American Medical Association, Chicago, IL. Council on Medical Education.

103

University Supervision within Physical Education Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical education teacher education (PETE) students are given opportunities in "early field experiences" (EFEs) to observe and assist experienced teachers in schools. Typically, students are then required to do some autonomous teaching, to give them practical experience in the real world of local schools. Ultimately students will move on to…

Wright, Steven C.; Grenier, Michelle; Channell, Kathy

2012-01-01

104

Educating Scientifically: Advances in Physics Education Research  

SciTech Connect

It is now fairly well documented that traditionally taught, large-scale introductory physics courses fail to teach our students the basics. In fact, often these same courses have been found to teach students things we do not want. Building on a tradition of research in physics, the physics education research community has been researching the effects of educational practice and reforms at the undergraduate level for many decades. From these efforts and those within the fields of education, cognitive science, and psychology we have learned a great deal about student learning and environments that support learning for an increasingly diverse population of students in the physics classroom. This talk will introduce some of the ideas from physics education research, discuss a variety of effective classroom practices/ surrounding educational structures, and begin to examine why these do (and do not) work. I will present both a survey of physics education research and some of the exciting theoretical and experimental developments emerging from the University of Colorado.

Finkelstein, Noah (University of Colorado) [University of Colorado

2007-05-16

105

Adult Education's Role in Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the use of adult education precepts in professional realms outside its mainstream, specifically patient education. He cites the effect of role playing on cardiac rehabilitation education. (JOW)

Collins, James A.

1988-01-01

106

Teaching medical physics to general audiences.  

PubMed Central

By judiciously selecting topics and reading materials, one can teach a full semester course on medical physics appropriate for college students not majoring in the natural sciences. This interdisciplinary field offers an opportunity to teach a great deal of basic physics at the freshman level in the context of explaining modern medical technologies such as ultrasound imaging, laser surgery, and positron emission tomography. This article describes one such course which combines lectures, outside visitors, varied readings, and laboratories to convey a select subset of physical principles and quantitative problem-solving skills. These resources are also valuable for enriching the standard freshman physics sequence for premedical students.

Amador, S

1994-01-01

107

PHYSICAL IMAGE QUALITY EVALUATION OF MEDICAL RADIOGRAPHS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The noise equivalent quanta (NEQ) has been recommended as a measure of physical quality of medical images. Digitised data of medical radiographs in a previous work have been analysed in terms of resolution via the modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise via the noise power spectrum (NPS), but not in terms of NEQ. As the NEQ is currently regarded as

Muhamad Saridan; Wan Hassan; Yusof Munajat; Shamsul Sahibuddin

108

Fit for purpose? Evaluation of an MSc. in Medical Physics.  

PubMed

The National University of Ireland in Galway established a Master in Science (MSc.) program in medical physics in 2002. The course was designed to be 90 ECTS(1) credits and of one calendar year duration. From the outset the MSc. was designed to be part of an overall medical physics training program. MSc. programs are now widely used as part of the training and education of medical physicists. There is however paucity of data on the effectiveness of such courses and the purpose of the study reported here is to provide information on one particular MSc. course in medical physics. This is relevant to medical physicists who are involved in the development and running of medical physics training programs. The study used as methodology the Kirkpatrick levels of professional training. It was conducted through an online survey, both from students who graduated from the course and from students who were in the process of completing the course. The survey proved to be an effective way to determine attributes of modules such as learning outcomes, knowledge imparted, quality of teaching materials and others. The survey proved to be remarkably able to demonstrate interventions in the individual course modules. Although the course was shown to be effective in the imparting of the knowledge required to become a qualified medical physicist several areas for improvement were identified. These are mainly in the areas of increased practical experience and in course delivery. PMID:24309504

van der Putten, W J

2014-05-01

109

46 CFR 10.215 - Medical and physical requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Medical and physical requirements. 10.215 Section 10.215...Mariner Credentials § 10.215 Medical and physical requirements. (a) Medical and Physical Exams. To qualify for an MMC an...

2012-10-01

110

46 CFR 10.215 - Medical and physical requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Medical and physical requirements. 10.215 Section 10.215...Mariner Credentials § 10.215 Medical and physical requirements. (a) Medical and Physical Exams. To qualify for an MMC an...

2011-10-01

111

Computational/HPC Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Physics group in NACSE (an NSF Metacenter Regional Alliance) has developed a variety of materials to be used in computational physics education and to assist working scientists and engineers. Our emphasis is to exploit Web technology to better teach about and improve the use of HPC resources in physics. We will demonstrate multimedia, interactive Web tutorials (

Landau, Rubin H.

1997-08-01

112

Supporting medical education research quality: the Association of American Medical Colleges' Medical Education Research Certificate program.  

PubMed

The quality of the medical education research (MER) reported in the literature has been frequently criticized. Numerous reasons have been provided for these shortcomings, including the level of research training and experience of many medical school faculty. The faculty development required to improve MER can take various forms. This article describes the Medical Education Research Certificate (MERC) program, a national faculty development program that focuses exclusively on MER. Sponsored by the Association of American Medical Colleges and led by a committee of established medical education researchers from across the United States, the MERC program is built on a set of 11 interactive workshops offered at various times and places across the United States. MERC participants can customize the program by selecting six workshops from this set to fulfill requirements for certification. This article describes the history, operations, current organization, and evaluation of the program. Key elements of the program's success include alignment of program content and focus with needs identified by prospective users, flexibility in program organization and logistics to fit participant schedules, an emphasis on practical application of MER principles in the context of the participants' activities and interests, consistency in program content and format to ensure standards of quality, and a sustainable financial model. The relationship between the national MERC program and local faculty development initiatives is also described. The success of the MERC program suggests that it may be a possible model for nationally disseminated faculty development programs in other domains. PMID:21099386

Gruppen, Larry D; Yoder, Ernie; Frye, Ann; Perkowski, Linda C; Mavis, Brian

2011-01-01

113

Social marketing: application to medical education.  

PubMed

Medical education is often a frustrating endeavor, particularly when it attempts to change practice behavior. Traditional lecture-based educational methods are limited in their ability to sustain concentration and interest and to promote learner adherence to best-practice guidelines. Marketing techniques have been very effective in changing consumer behavior and physician behavior. However, the techniques of social marketing-goal identification, audience segmentation, and market research-have not been harnessed and applied to medical education. Social marketing can be applied to medical education in the effort to go beyond inoculation of learners with information and actually change behaviors. The tremendous potential of social marketing for medical education should be pilot-tested and systematically evaluated. PMID:11177316

David, S P; Greer, D S

2001-01-16

114

34 CFR 300.108 - Physical education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Physical education. 300.108 Section 300...Other Fape Requirements § 300.108 Physical education. The State must ensure...with the following: (a) General. Physical education services, specially...

2010-07-01

115

34 CFR 300.108 - Physical education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Physical education. 300.108 Section 300...Other Fape Requirements § 300.108 Physical education. The State must ensure...with the following: (a) General. Physical education services, specially...

2012-07-01

116

34 CFR 300.108 - Physical education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Physical education. 300.108 Section 300...Other Fape Requirements § 300.108 Physical education. The State must ensure...with the following: (a) General. Physical education services, specially...

2011-07-01

117

A Review of the Medical Education Literature for Graduate Medical Education Teachers  

PubMed Central

Background A rapidly evolving body of literature in medical education can impact the practice of clinical educators in graduate medical education. Objective To aggregate studies published in the medical education literature in 2011 to provide teachers in general internal medicine with an overview of the current, relevant medical education literature. Review We systematically searched major medical education journals and the general clinical literature for medical education studies with sound design and relevance to the educational practice of graduate medical education teachers. We chose 12 studies, grouped into themes, using a consensus method, and critiqued these studies. Results Four themes emerged. They encompass (1) learner assessment, (2) duty hour limits and teaching in the inpatient setting, (3) innovations in teaching, and (4) learner distress. With each article we also present recommendations for how readers may use them as resources to update their clinical teaching. While we sought to identify the studies with the highest quality and greatest relevance to educators, limitation of the studies selected include their single-site and small sample nature, and the frequent lack of objective measures of outcomes. These limitations are shared with the larger body of medical education literature. Conclusions The themes and the recommendations for how to incorporate this information into clinical teaching have the potential to inform the educational practice of general internist educators as well as that of teachers in other specialties.

Locke, Kenneth A.; Bates, Carol K.; Karani, Reena; Chheda, Shobhina G.

2013-01-01

118

An online interactive simulation system for medical imaging education.  

PubMed

This report presents a recently developed web-based medical imaging simulation system for teaching students or other trainees who plan to work in the medical imaging field. The increased importance of computer and information technology widely applied to different imaging techniques in clinics and medical research necessitates a comprehensive medical imaging education program. A complete tutorial of simulations introducing popular imaging modalities, such as X-ray, MRI, CT, ultrasound and PET, forms an essential component of such an education. Internet technologies provide a vehicle to carry medical imaging education online. There exist a number of internet-based medical imaging hyper-books or online documentations. However, there are few providing interactive computational simulations. We focus on delivering knowledge of the physical principles and engineering implementation of medical imaging techniques through an interactive website environment. The online medical imaging simulation system presented in this report outlines basic principles underlying different imaging techniques and image processing algorithms and offers trainees an interactive virtual laboratory. For education purposes, this system aims to provide general understanding of each imaging modality with comprehensive explanations, ample illustrations and copious references as its thrust, rather than complex physics or detailed math. This report specifically describes the development of the tutorial for commonly used medical imaging modalities. An internet-accessible interface is used to simulate various imaging algorithms with user-adjustable parameters. The tutorial is under the MATLAB Web Server environment. Macromedia Director MX is used to develop interactive animations integrating theory with graphic-oriented simulations. HTML and JavaScript are used to enable a user to explore these modules online in a web browser. Numerous multiple choice questions, links and references for advanced study are provided in the tutorial for trainees to verify their understanding of each unit. It is expected that this tutorial will enhance medical imaging education, help trainees in subsequent analysis of image data, and form the basis for the development of more advanced technologies in the future. PMID:15996851

Dikshit, Aditya; Wu, Dawei; Wu, Chunyan; Zhao, Weizhao

2005-09-01

119

Physics for the Medical Science Major.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one professor makes his physics course relevant to pharmacy majors. The course emphasizes the relation of basic physics concepts (like forces and thermodynamics) to the human body and uses problems drawn from the medical profession. Student course evaluations show a favorable view of content learned and its relevance. (DB)

McCall, Richard P.

2000-01-01

120

Medical Physics Graduate Program At An HBCU  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Physics Department at Hampton University houses the first Medical Physics graduate program at a minority institution, and the first in the state of Virginia. Jointly established with the Eastern Virginia Medical School, the program requires students to take standard physics courses in addition to medical physics classes and clinical rotations performed at local hospitals. The associated medical physics research primarily focuses on detectors development for absolute 3D dose distribution measurements (with accuracy better than ±100 microns), characterization of the uniformity or non-uniformity of Brachytherapy sources, and extraction of the 2D and 3D in-vivo dose maps for real time dose monitoring. Recent novel fundamental studies on the energy dependence of cancer cells to address, among others, mono-energetic Brachytherapy source treatments, reaction mechanisms associated with cancer cell destruction, and cancer genome identification have been launched. Each of the research conducted is strongly coupled to dedicated Geant4 Monte Carlo simulations. After presenting this unique medical physics program, we will review results obtained from its research group.

Gueye, Paul

2006-03-01

121

Teaching about the Physics of Medical Imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Even before the discovery of X-rays, attempts at non-invasive medical imaging required an understanding of fundamental principles of physics. Students frequently do not see these connections because they are not taught in beginning physics courses. To help students understand that physics and medical imaging are closely connected, we have developed a series of active learning units. For each unit we begin by studying how students transfer their knowledge from traditional physics classes and everyday experiences to medical applications. Then, we build instructional materials to take advantage of the students' ability to use their existing learning and knowledge resources. Each of the learning units involves a combination of hands-on activities, which present analogies, and interactive computer simulations. Our learning units introduce students to the contemporary imaging techniques of CT scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and wavefront aberrometry. The project's web site is http://web.phys.ksu.edu/mmmm/.

Zollman, Dean; McBride, Dyan; Murphy, Sytil; Aryal, Bijaya; Kalita, Spartak; Wirjawan, Johannes V. D.

2010-07-01

122

Medical Library Education in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The establishment of faculties of medical library and information science in four Chinese national medical universities is described. The faculties were established in the mid-1980s, and each is fully integrated into its university. Students receive three years of nonclinical medical training and two years of library and information science…

Crawford, David S.; Xiong, Dizhi

1990-01-01

123

Tele-education as method of medical education.  

PubMed

Development of computer networks and introduction and application of new technologies in all aspects of human activity needs to be followed by universities in their transformation on how to approach scientific, research, and education teaching curricula. Development and increased use of distance learning (DL) over the past decade have clearly shown the potential and efficiency of information technology applied in education. Use of information technology in medical education is where medical informatics takes its place as important scientific discipline which ensures benefit from IT in teaching and learning process involved. Definition of telemedicine as "use of technologies based on health care delivered on distance" covers areas such as electronic health, tele-health (eHealth), telematics, but also tele-education. Web based medical education today is offered in different forms--from online lectures, online exams, web based continuous education programs, use of electronic libraries, online medical and scientific databases etc. Department of Medical Informatics of Medical Faculty of University of Sarajevo has taken many steps to introduce distance learning in medical curricula--from organising professional--scientific events (congresses, workshop etc), organizing first tele-exam at the faculty and among first at the university, to offering online lectures and online education material at the Department's website (www.unsa-medinfo.org). Distance learning in medical education, as well as telemedicine, significantly influence health care in general and are shaping the future model of medical practice. Basic computer and networks skills must be a part of all future medical curricula. The impact of technical equipment on patient-doctor relationship must be taken into account, and doctors have to be trained and prepared for diagnosing or consulting patients by use of IT. Telemedicine requires special approach in certain medical fields--tele-consultation, tele-surgery, tele-radiology and other specific telemedicine applications should be introduced to the curricula. Telemedicine and distance learning are best suited for medical education and doctor-to-doctor consultation--first contact between doctor and a patient should stay face-to-face when possible. In this paper, we present the results of the project Introduction and Implementation of Distance Learning at the Medical Faculty of University of Sarajevo and compare it with the following expected outcomes: development and integration of information technology in medical education; creation of flexible infrastructure which will enable access to e-learning to all students and teaching staff; improvement of digital literacy of academic population; ensuring high educational standards to students and teaching staff; helping medical staffto develop "life-long learning" approach in work and education. PMID:20380118

Masic, Izet; Pandza, Haris; Kulasin, Igor; Masic, Zlatan; Valjevac, Salih

2009-01-01

124

Teaching Science through Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical education can serve as a vehicle for teaching science and make student understanding of certain personal health-related science concepts meaningful. Describes activities involving the musculoskeletal system, the nervous system, and the cardiovascular system. (DKM)

Kumar, David; Whitehurst, Michael

1997-01-01

125

Computational Physics Education with Python  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Educators at an institution in Germany have started using Python to teach computational physics. The author describes how graphical visualizations also play an important role, which he illustrates here with a few simple examples.

Bã¤cker, Arnd

2008-06-07

126

Tactical Decision Competency of Preservice Physical Education Teacher Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most recent publication of the "National Standards and Guidelines for Physical Education Teacher Education" (National Association for Sport and Physical Education [NASPE], 2009) requires physical education teacher education (PETE) programs to demonstrate that teacher candidates display both tactical knowledge and physical competence.…

Williams, Skip M.; Coleman, Margo M.; Henninger, Mary L.; Carlson, Kristin B.

2013-01-01

127

34 CFR 300.108 - Physical education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Physical education. 300.108 Section 300.108 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND...

2013-07-01

128

Ohio Physics Education Standards- 2011  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from the Great Lakes Fuel Cell Education Partnership contains a brief outline of the state of Ohio's physics education standards for 2011. The document includes information about specific subjects and how they may be taught in conjunction with units on renewable energies such as solar energy, wind energy, fuel cells and biofuels. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2011-12-22

129

Physical Education in Oregon Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a guide to other educators the physical education programs, activities, and goals and objectives in the Oregon public school system are presented in detailed form. Ideas for class organization, exercise activities, and a student-oriented teaching approach are given, and a discussion of athletic equipment, facilities, and resources is included.…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

130

Influence of medical education on students' attitudes towards the elderly.  

PubMed Central

As life expectancy increases, the elderly population grows accordingly. Today, physicians interface with elderly patients more frequently and, therefore, geriatric education should be a part of medical training. Examining medical students' knowledge and attitudes about elderly will provide valuable information in planning the geriatric education in medical school. The aim of this study is to determine and compare the attitudes and knowledge of class-1, -4 and -6 Turkish medical students about the elderly. A questionnaire that included statements about physical and social situations of the elderly, developed by Reuben et al., was used. Five-hundred-thirty-five students educating in Hacettepe University Medical Faculty took part in the study. Age, gender and the number of people aged >65 living with the students were also asked. Gender and number of old people living with the students had no significant effect on the answers. Social statements were answered positively, and there were no significant changes among the classes. Statements about physical situations and illnesses were significantly associated with the students' years of education. Geriatric education in developing countries needs more attention because the students' attitudes towards elderly and caregiver preference are mostly affected by the students' own experiences and knowledge.

Cankurtaran, Mustafa; Halil, Meltem; Ulger, Zekeriya; Dagli, Neslihan; Yavuz, Burcu Balam; Karaca, Burcak; Ariogul, Servet

2006-01-01

131

Podiatric Medical Education Data Study: Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The contract required the performance of three tasks, each devoted to the development of information relating to the enhancement of podiatric medical education in the United States: Task 1 developed information which could facilitate the establishment of ...

J. Carson

1983-01-01

132

The Contemporary Physics Education Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Contemporary Physics Education Project (CPEP) has produced full-color wallcharts and accompanying software and educational materials on particle physics and fusion/plasma physics. CPEP is a non-profit organization comprised of physicists, teachers, and educators who volunteer their time. Our World-Wide Web site has received great acclaim and heavy usage. It features "The Particle Adventure: An interactive tour of the inner workings of the atom and the tools for discovery" and "Fusion - Physics of a Fundamental Energy Source: An online interactive "course" for introductory physics students and teachers." CPEP materials have gained world-wide recognition (including in Science magazine and on the BBC World Service). More than 100,000 copies of the Particles chart have been distributed to scientists, students, and the general public in all 50 states and 80 countries. New products are under development. CPEP conducts many workshops around the country that assist teachers in making use of CPEP materials in their classrooms.

Barnett, R. Michael

1996-05-01

133

Physical Activity and Health: Does Physical Education Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical education has been an institution in American schools since the late 19th century, and today almost all American children are exposed to physical education classes. It has often been claimed that physical education provides important benefits to public health. The purpose of this paper is to determine if physical education increases…

Pate, Russell R.; O'Neill, Jennifer R.; McIver, Kerry L.

2011-01-01

134

Farmers' Concerns: A Qualitative Assessment to Plan Rural Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstract Context: Limited research suggests that translational approaches are needed to decrease the distance, physical and cultural, between farmers and health care. Purpose: This study seeks to identify special concerns of farmers in Alabama and explore the need for a medical education program tailored to prepare physicians to address those…

Anderson, Brittney T.; Johnson, Gwendolyn J.; Wheat, John R.; Wofford, Amina S.; Wiggins, O. Sam; Downey, Laura H.

2012-01-01

135

Continuing medical education: past, present, future.  

PubMed Central

Medical education can be divided into three segments: undergraduate, graduate, and continuing. Of these, continuing medical education (CME) clearly takes place for the longest time--if the practicing physician is to employ recent scientific developments that translate into optimal practice. Our assignment was to examine the past, present, and future of CME. We evaluated what forms it has taken and what forms it may take. We also include a review of the evidence of its impact.

Lewis, C E

1998-01-01

136

Software engineering education in medical informatics.  

PubMed

Requirements and approaches of Software Engineering education in the field of Medical Informatics are described with respect to the impact of (1) experiences characterizing the "software misery", (2) status and tendencies in software methodology, and (3) educational status and needs in computer science education influenced by the controversy "theoretical versus practical education". Special attention is directed toward the growing importance of analysis, design methods, and techniques in the professional spectrum of Medical Informatics, the relevance of general principles of systems engineering in health care, the potential of non-procedural programming paradigms, and the intersection of Artificial Intelligence and education. Realizations of and experiences with programs in the field of Software Engineering are reported with respect to special requirements in Medical Informatics. PMID:2695780

Leven, F J

1989-11-01

137

Applying adult learning practices in medical education.  

PubMed

The application of the best practices of teaching adults to the education of adults in medical education settings is important in the process of transforming learners to become and remain effective physicians. Medical education at all levels should be designed to equip physicians with the knowledge, clinical skills, and professionalism that are required to deliver quality patient care. The ultimate outcome is the health of the patient and the health status of the society. In the translational science of medical education, improved patient outcomes linked directly to educational events are the ultimate goal and are best defined by rigorous medical education research efforts. To best develop faculty, the same principles of adult education and teaching adults apply. In a systematic review of faculty development initiatives designed to improve teaching effectiveness in medical education, the use of experiential learning, feedback, effective relationships with peers, and diverse educational methods were found to be most important in the success of these programs. In this article, we present 5 examples of applying the best practices in teaching adults and utilizing the emerging understanding of the neurobiology of learning in teaching students, trainees, and practitioners. These include (1) use of standardized patients to develop communication skills, (2) use of online quizzes to assess knowledge and aid self-directed learning, (3) use of practice sessions and video clips to enhance significant learning of teaching skills, (4) use of case-based discussions to develop professionalism concepts and skills, and (5) use of the American Academy of Pediatrics PediaLink as a model for individualized learner-directed online learning. These examples highlight how experiential leaning, providing valuable feedback, opportunities for practice, and stimulation of self-directed learning can be utilized as medical education continues its dynamic transformation in the years ahead. PMID:24981666

Reed, Suzanne; Shell, Richard; Kassis, Karyn; Tartaglia, Kimberly; Wallihan, Rebecca; Smith, Keely; Hurtubise, Larry; Martin, Bryan; Ledford, Cynthia; Bradbury, Scott; Bernstein, Henry Hank; Mahan, John D

2014-07-01

138

Physical Education Performance Outcomes and Cognitive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article intends to inform physical education teachers about the current research describing the relationship between physical education performance outcomes as identified by the national physical education standards (i.e., regular participation in physical activity, physical fitness, motor competence; National Association of Physical

Castelli, Darla M.; Hillman, Charles H.

2007-01-01

139

An intensive medical education elective for senior medical students.  

PubMed

Peer teaching by medical students is increasingly consid- ered an effective and efficient instructional modality with value for both teachers and learners. In 2012, twelve senior medical students participated in an inaugural, four-week Medical Education Elective at The Alpert Medical School of Brown University. The first week emphasized education theory and skills. During the remaining three weeks, participants served as a core group of instructors in a Clinical Skills Clerkship (CSC), a three-week required course transitioning rising third-year students to clinical clerkships. Senior near-peer instructors (NPIs) gained substantive experience in developing curriculum, facilitating small group sessions, teaching clinical skills, mentoring, providing feedback, and grading an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). Based on direct observation by faculty and written anonymous evaluations by learners (n=98), NPIs demonstrated a high degree of teaching competence. This innovative, by-invitation-only, annual elective is the most substantive medical education experience for medical students described in the literature. [Full text available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2014-07.asp, free with no login]. PMID:24983021

Gainor, Jamie; Patel, Nilay K; George, Paul F; MacNamara, Marina M C; Dollase, Richard; Taylor, Julie Scott

2014-01-01

140

The Contemporary Physics Education Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The temporary Physics Education Project is a non-profit organization whose Web site contains materials that present "the current understanding of the fundamental nature of matter and energy, incorporating the major research findings of recent years." Some of the products that the project creates, including educational material and wall charts, are featured on this site with links to other educational Web sites that utilize them. These include topics such as Fundamental Particles and Interactions, Plasma Physics and Fusion, Nuclear Science, and The History and Fate of the Universe. The impressive charts and other educational material would be a good addition to any science or physics related curriculum, although not all of the material is free of charge.

141

Use of Silicon Detectors in Medical Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this document I will review the characteristics and applications of silicon detectors in Medical Physics. I will cover the activities done by some research mexican groups working with silicon detectors (Silicon Strip and PIN detectors) as devices for digital imaging supported by some Monte Carlo simulations and X-ray units parameters valuation devices for quality control. In the end I will give some perspectives on the future of these scientific activities as important contributions in the development of the area of Medical Physics around the world.

Montaño Zetina, Luis Manuel

2006-09-01

142

Modeling Manipulation in Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As residents and medical students progress through their medical training, they are presented with multiple instances in which they feel they must manipulate the healthcare system and deceive others in order to efficiently treat their patients. This, however, creates a culture of manipulation resulting in untoward effects on trainees' ethical and…

Dailey, Jason I.

2010-01-01

143

Conducting Multilevel Analyses in Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A significant body of education literature has begun using multilevel statistical models to examine data that reside at multiple levels of analysis. In order to provide a primer for medical education researchers, the current work gives a brief overview of some issues associated with multilevel statistical modeling. To provide an example of this…

Zyphur, Michael J.; Kaplan, Seth A.; Islam, Gazi; Barsky, Adam P.; Franklin, Michael S.

2008-01-01

144

Information Technologies (ITs) in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, “learning at bedside,” aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medical education – their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education.

Masic, Izet; Pandza, Haris; Toromanovic, Selim; Masic, Fedja; Sivic, Suad; Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Zlatan

2011-01-01

145

Properties of Publications on Anatomy in Medical Education Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publications on anatomy in medical education appear to be largely anecdotal. To explore this, we investigated the literature on anatomy in medical education, aiming first to evaluate the contribution of the literature on anatomy in medical education to "best evidence medical education" (BEME) and second to evaluate the development of this…

Vorstenbosch, Marc; Bolhuis, Sanneke; van Kuppeveld, Sascha; Kooloos, Jan; Laan, Roland

2011-01-01

146

Final year medical education in Germany.  

PubMed

Medical education in Germany has undergone significant changes. The current article attempts to give an overview of final year medical education in Germany and implications for further developments. Challenges in final year medical education mainly arise from the lack of clearly defined learning objectives, the provision of structure, independent patient management and professional guidance and supervision. The abolition of the one-and-a-half-year period of pre-registration medical training in 2004 and the changes in the structure of state examinations in line with the amendment of medical licensing regulations in 2002, meant pressure on the efficiency of final year medical education on the one hand, and additional burden on final year students on the other. In this article, a broad variety of innovative models that have been implemented at different medical faculties, and which address final year students' needs, will be reported. Further challenges, such as the integration of general medicine rotations, the abolishment of the second state examination in its present form, and the integration of final year students' individual career plans will be discussed. PMID:22480889

Nikendei, Christoph; Krautter, Markus; Celebi, Nora; Obertacke, Udo; Jünger, Jana

2012-01-01

147

Physical Education Curriculum Priorities: Evidence for Education and Skillfulness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One question facing kinesiologists today is how to implement findings from research into society, in this case, physical education. In this paper I examine the role of a balanced approach to educational physical education in promoting physical activity. I argue that limiting physical education to simple tasks that encourage students to workout at…

Ennis, Catherine D.

2011-01-01

148

Health Occupations Education: Medical Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These medical assistant instructional materials include 28 instructional units organized into sections covering orientation; anatomy and physiology, related disorders, disease, and skills; office practices; and clinical practices. Each unit includes eight basic components: performance objectives, suggested activities for teachers, information…

Sloan, Jamee Reid

149

Medical Imaging with Ultrasound: Some Basic Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed are medical applications of ultrasound. The physics of the wave nature of ultrasound including its propagation and production, return by the body, spatial and contrast resolution, attenuation, image formation using pulsed echo ultrasound techniques, measurement of velocity and duplex scanning are described. (YP)

Gosling, R.

1989-01-01

150

Beijing declaration on medical pathophysiology education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR PATHOPHYSIOLOGY (ISP), at its fifth quadrennial conference in Beijing, China, in 2006, adopted a declaration related to pathophysiological teaching and learning issues (APPENDIX). The ISP Declaration is a blueprint document that refers to the present position of pathophysiology in medical education. Pathophysiology is not thought of at all medical universities as an independent course. All medical curricula, however, recognize the necessity and importance of understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of disease for medical practice. The ISP Declaration outlines the rationale and didactic advantages of an integrative approach that is critical for the contemporary complexity of biomedical information and methodology.

Zdenko Kovac (University of Zagreb Pathophysiology)

2007-07-27

151

Preparing Physical Educators for the Role of Physical Activity Director  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are expected to lead in physical activity promotion for youths. Specifically, physical educators are being asked to take on the role of the school physical activity director (PAD) and implement a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP). Quality physical education, classroom-based physical activity, recess and other activity…

Beighle, Aaron; Erwin, Heather; Castelli, Darla; Ernst, Michael

2009-01-01

152

Moving towards Quality Physical Education: Physical Education Provision in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the provision of physical education (PE) in Singapore. Singapore is a small island city state of approximately 699 square kilometres with a population of about 4 million people. This article aims to highlight the current status of PE in Singapore schools and compare it against suggested international standards and…

McNeill, Michael; Lim, Boon San Coral; Wang, Chee Keng John; Tan, Wee Keat Clara; MacPhail, Ann

2009-01-01

153

Implications for Veterinary Medical Education: Paraprofessional Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emergence of the veterinary technician as an extension of the veterinarian's capability into animal agriculture is discussed. Some aspects reviewed include: technician education, current restrictions imposed by practice acts, general acceptance by the consumer, and effective relationships for veterinary technicians working under the…

Lukens, Roger

1980-01-01

154

The 2014 Gordon Research Conference: Physics Research & Education: The Complex Intersection of Biology and Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of biological physics and the physics education of biology and medically oriented students have experienced tremendous growth in recent years. New findings, applications, and technologies in biological and medical physics are having far reaching consequences that affect and influence the science community, the education of future scientists and health-care workers, and the general population. As a result leaders in Physics Education Research have begun to focus their attention on the specific needs of students in the biological sciences, the different ways physicists and biologists view the nature of science and the interactions of scientists in these disciplines. In this poster we highlight some of these findings and pose questions for discussion. The Complex Intersection of Biology and Physics will be the topic of the next Gordon Research Conference on Physics Research and Education to be held in June 2014. The exact date and location are still to be determined.

Sabella, Mel; Lang, Matthew

2013-03-01

155

Medical-Educational Liaison: A Valuable Resource for Rural Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In south-central Kansas school districts, a clinical nurse specialist serves as a liaison for the exchange of medical and health care information between the educators, health care providers, and parents of students with special health needs. The liaison also makes classroom observations and attends individualized education program meetings. (SV)

Rawlins, Patrice; Stephens, Pat

1992-01-01

156

Medical faculties educational network: multidimensional quality assessment.  

PubMed

Today, World Wide Web technology provides many opportunities in the disclosure of electronic learning and teaching content. The MEFANET project (MEdical FAculties NETwork) has initiated international, effective and open cooperation among all Czech and Slovak medical faculties in the medical education fields. This paper introduces the original MEFANET educational web portal platform. Its main aim is to present the unique collaborative environment, which combines the sharing of electronic educational resources with the use tools for their quality evaluation. It is in fact a complex e-publishing system, which consists of ten standalone portal instances and one central gateway. The fundamental principles of the developed system and used technologies are reported here, as well as procedures of a new multidimensional quality assessment. PMID:22640818

Komenda, Martin; Schwarz, Daniel; Feberová, Jitka; Stípek, Stanislav; Mihál, Vladimír; Dušek, Ladislav

2012-12-01

157

[Pro and contra discussion about medical education].  

PubMed

Since the end of the last century, medical education is being renewed in many countries. There is a tendency toward integration of clinical and preclinical knowledge, presentation of basic science topics as themes of organ systems in conjunction with clinical cases, emphasis on professional attitude, context-related and small-scale learning and the own responsibility of the student. As a contribution to the discussion, the Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (Dutch Journal of Medicine) and the Tijdschrift voor Medisch Onderwijs (Dutch Journal of Medical Education) have decided to publish articles in a pro and contra format. PMID:16538847

Borleffs, J C C

2006-02-25

158

What's New in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that physical educators must reevaluate their sports-focused approach, which sometimes provides only two minutes of movement (on average per student) in an hour-long class of softball. Maintains that every lesson plan should include a fitness element (walking, jogging, circuit training). (SR)

Thompson, Tommy

1998-01-01

159

Physical Education Teachers' Cultural Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the common assumption that teachers of color (TOC) are more culturally competent than White teachers by assessing physical education teachers' cultural competency. A secondary purpose was to ascertain the possible differences in cultural competence levels of White teachers in diverse school settings versus…

Harrison, Louis, Jr.; Carson, Russell L.; Burden, Joe, Jr.

2010-01-01

160

Character, Virtue and Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I argue that until the full complexity of the psychology of moral personality, moral action, and moral learning is recognized, the prospect of physical education, and team sports in particular, being utilized for moral and social development is slim. Similarly a recognition of the multifarious, heterogeneous and context specific…

Jones, Carwyn

2005-01-01

161

Character, virtue and physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I argue that until the full complexity of the psychology of moral personality, moral action, and moral learning is recognized, the prospect of physical education, and team sports in particular, being utilized for moral and social development is slim. Similarly a recognition of the multifarious, heterogeneous and context specific account of moral goodness must also be embraced.

Carwyn Jones

2005-01-01

162

Curriculum theory in physical education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Primary current concerns of curriculum theorists in sport and physical education relate to clarification of value orientations underlying curricular decision-making, selection and statement of curriculum goals, identification and organization of programme content, and the process of curriculum change. Disciplinary mastery is the most traditional value orientation and that which is most frequently found in practice. Curriculum theorists have identified four other value orientations for study: social reconstruction, self-actualization, learning process, and ecological validity. Health-related fitness and the development of motor skills have long been the primary goals of physical education. In recent years, however, curriculum specialists have begun to assign higher priorities to goals of personal integration and challenge, of social development and multicultural understanding. There is general agreement that human movement activities constitute the subject-matter of the sport and physical education curriculum. Differences exist, however, as to how learning activities should be selected for particular programmes. The current trend in seeking better understanding of content is toward studying the operational curriculum with particular attention to the historical and social contexts. An important contemporary focus is the need to translate short-term results into lifestyle changes. The curriculum in sports and physical education should be viewed as a multitude of possibilities.

Jewett, Ann E.

1989-03-01

163

Distance Learning in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance learning (DL) provides equal access to higher education for individuals who might not otherwise be able to pursue college degrees. This paper defines DL and distance learners, discusses the quality and status of DL programs, examines emerging teacher and student roles in DL, and presents two DL success stories in higher physical

St. Pierre, Peter

1998-01-01

164

Peer Assessments in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer assessments are recommended for overcoming the difficulties that teachers have with providing individual feedback and assessing student progress in physical education classes. A peer assessment can be used as a learning task (in a progression) or a formative assessment. A peer assessment is a variation of peer teaching, an instructional…

Johnson, Randall

2004-01-01

165

Physical Education. Grades K-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains fifty physical education objectives, related sample items, and directions for administering and scoring, and is divided into four categories. The first measures movement skills: body awareness, perception, locomotion, axial skills, balance, and gross motor coordination in games and sports. The second category measures…

Instructional Objectives Exchange, Los Angeles, CA.

166

Physical Education in Higher Education: What Should We Name Ourselves?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of the term "physical education" in higher education began in the 1920's, with previous terminology including "gymnastics,""hygiene," and "physical culture." There is now a large constituent of educators who feel the name physical education no longer accurately describes the field. Various names have been considered, primarily…

Mills, Brett D.

167

Physical Activity Levels during Adventure-Physical Education Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adventure-physical education has been proposed to promote adolescents' physical development, but little is known about physical activity levels during such lessons. Using the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time, we observed students' (ages 11-14 years) physical activity levels in co-educational classes during 43 adventure-physical

Gehris, Jeffrey; Myers, Elizabeth; Whitaker, Robert

2012-01-01

168

Using cognitive theory to facilitate medical education  

PubMed Central

Background Educators continue to search for better strategies for medical education. Although the unifying theme of reforms was “increasing interest in, attention to, and understanding of the knowledge base structures”, it is difficult to achieve all these aspects via a single type of instruction. Methods We used related key words to search in Google Scholar and Pubmed. Related search results on this topic were selected for discussion. Results Despite the range of different methods used in medical education, students are still required to memorize much of what they are taught, especially for the basic sciences. Subjects like anatomy and pathology carry a high intrinsic cognitive load mainly because of the large volume of information that must be retained. For these subjects, decreasing cognitive load is not feasible and memorizing appears to be the only strategy, yet the cognitive load makes learning a challenge for many students. Cognitive load is further increased when inappropriate use of educational methods occurs, e.g., in problem based learning which demands clinical reasoning, a high level and complex cognitive skill. It is widely known that experts are more skilled at clinical reasoning than novices because of their accumulated experiences. These experiences are based on the formation of cognitive schemata. In this paper we describe the use of cognitive schemata, developed by experts as worked examples to facilitate medical students’ learning and to promote their clinical reasoning. Conclusion We suggest that cognitive load theory can provide a useful framework for understanding the challenges and successes associated with education of medical professionals.

2014-01-01

169

Beyond accreditation: excellence in medical education.  

PubMed

Medical school accreditation is a relatively new phenomenon in Korea. The development of an accreditation body and standards for a two-tiered "Must" and "Should" system in 1997 eventually led to the implementation of a third "Excellence" level of attainment. These standards were conceived out of a desire to be able to first recognize and promote outstanding performance of medical schools, second to provide role models in medical education, and furthermore to preview the third level as potential components of the pre-existing second level for the next accreditation cycle. It is a quality-assurance mechanism that, while not required for accreditation itself, pushes medical schools to go beyond the traditional requirements of mere pass-or-fail accreditation adequacy, and encourages schools to deliver an unprecedented level of medical education. The Association for Medical Education in Europe developed its own third-tier system of evaluation under the ASPIRE project, with many similar goals. Due to its advanced nature and global scope, the Korean accreditation body has decided to implement the ASPIRE system in Korea as well. PMID:24050749

Ahn, Eusang; Ahn, Ducksun

2014-01-01

170

Simulation and its role in medical education  

PubMed Central

Medical education is increasingly laying emphasis on a curriculum based on cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains of learning which were originally proposed nearly 50 years ago. These reforms are framed around best standards of care, error management and patient safety, patient autonomy, and resource allocation. There is a worldwide shift in the method of medical education towards experiential (‘hands-on’) medical learning; however, applying this concept to real patients is less acceptable to society and is subject to legal and ethical issues. Simulation is the artificial representation of a complex real-world process with sufficient fidelity with the aim to facilitate learning through immersion, reflection, feedback, and practice minus the risks inherent in a similar real-life experience. Medical simulation offers numerous potential strategies for comprehensive and practical training, and safer patient care. It is a technique, rather than just a technology that promotes experiential and reflective learning. It is also a key strategy to teach crisis resource management skills. Simulation can benefit the individual learner, the multidisciplinary team, and the hospital as a whole. In this review, the authors discuss the role of simulation in five situations namely undergraduate teaching, postgraduate training, continuing medical education, disaster management, and military trauma management and dwell upon the experience of medical simulation in the Armed Forces.

Datta, Rashmi; Upadhyay, KK; Jaideep, CN

2012-01-01

171

Movement Education: An Individualized Approach to Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new approach to elementary school physical education is called "movement education." Movement education uses problem-solving, guided-discovery, and exploratory methods, with the effect of individualizing learning in physical education. The concepts involved in movement education include body awareness and skills, the space in which the body…

Bratt, Sally J.

172

Physically Fit or Physically Literate? How Children with Special Educational Needs Understand Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of physical literacy within physical education (PE) has become a widely debated topic in recent years. Its role in educating children about physicality through embodiment, skill acquisition and reading the environment is argued to be of great benefit to children. However, whether children understand the role of PE in the development of…

Coates, Janine

2011-01-01

173

Physically fit or physically literate? How children with special educational needs understand physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of physical literacy within physical education (PE) has become a widely debated topic in recent years. Its role in educating children about physicality through embodiment, skill acquisition and reading the environment is argued to be of great benefit to children. However, whether children understand the role of PE in the development of these competencies is not clear, and

Janine Coates

2011-01-01

174

Computational/HPC Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Physics group in NACSE (an NSF Metacenter Regional Alliance) has developed a variety of materials to be used in computational physics education and to assist working scientists and engineers. Our emphasis is to exploit Web technology to better teach about and improve the use of HPC resources in physics. We will demonstrate multimedia, interactive Web tutorials (Physics, Problem Solving with Computers>http://nacphy.physics.orst.edu/ (Wiley, 1997). Also demonstrated will be tutorials to assist physicists with visualizations, HPC library use, PVM, and, in particular, Coping with Unix, an Interactive Survival Kit for Scientists. These latter tutorials use some special Web technology (Webterm) we developed which makes it possible to connect to a remote Unix machine and follow the lessons from any Web browser supporting Java --- even browsers on non-Unix computers such as PCs or Macs.

Landau, Rubin H.

1997-08-01

175

Medical Education, 1922-1924. Bulletin, 1925, No. 31  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin documents: (1) a quarter century's progress in medical education, including inadequate governmental control over medical education, action by a voluntary agency, legal power v. publicity, greatly enlarged teaching plants, hospitals as related to medical education, hospital internships, and the hospital as an important educational

Colwell, N. P.

1925-01-01

176

Medical ultrasound education for bioengineers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The widespread adoption of ultrasound technologies in medicine has necessitated the development of educational programs to address the growing demand for trained expertise in both academia and industry. The demand has been especially great in the field of therapeutic ultrasound that has experienced a significant level of research and development activities in the past decade. The applications cover a wide range including cancer treatment, hemorrhage control, cardiac ablation, gene therapy, and cosmetic surgery. A comprehensive educational program in ultrasound is well suited for bioengineering departments at colleges and universities. Our educational program for students in Bioengineering at the University of Washington includes a year-long coursework covering theory and practice of ultrasound, conducting research projects, attending and presenting at weekly seminars on literature survey, presentations at scientific meetings, and attending specialized workshops offered by various institutions for specific topics. An important aspect of this training is its multi-disciplinary approach, encompassing science, engineering, and medicine. The students are required to build teams with expertise in these disciplines. Our experience shows that these students are well prepared for careers in academia, conducting cutting edge research, as well as industry, being involved in the transformation of research end-products to commercially viable technology.

Vaezy, Shahram

2005-04-01

177

What Can Physics Teachers Learn from Research in Physics Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that although findings of the educational research are very valuable in physics education it is not the most important element to improve education. Discusses comparisons of students' academic achievement from an international perspective, students' understanding of scientific concepts, and research and practice in physics education.…

Jenkins, Edgar W.

2000-01-01

178

The Significance of Physical Education Content: "Sending the Message" in Physical Education Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mind-body dualism has likely influenced how many view human beings and their behavior--mind (i.e., thinking) is elevated over body (i.e., performing)--even in Physical Education Teacher Education. The problem is that such a perspective makes physical education content (i.e., dance, games, play, and sport) subsidiary to more "intellectual" or…

Johnson, Tyler G.

2012-01-01

179

Academic postgraduate medical education -- an Oxford view.  

PubMed

Postgraduate medical education in the UK has gone through a maelstrom of change in the last 20 years; many components have disadvantaged clinical academic training in particular. In this article we summarise some of the changes and describe the advantages of the creation of a dedicated clinical academic graduate school as a response to these changes. PMID:24532742

Fleming, Kenneth; Pugh, Christopher; Best, Denise

2014-02-01

180

Characterizing Computer Systems Used in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

The diversity in computer systems used in medical education is described, and the lack of consistant classifications and comparisons noted. A classification scheme based on those characteristics specific to the development and presentation of instructional software is proposed. A graphic system profile approach is used to ensure clarity, while categorization of users and desirable features provides breadth and precision of coverage.

Church, V. E.; Tidball, C. S.

1979-01-01

181

Communication and information technology in medical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few years have seen rapid advances in communication and information technology (C&IT), and the pervasion of the worldwide web into everyday life has important implications for education. Most medical schools provide extensive computer networks for their students, and these are increasingly becoming a central component of the learning and teaching environment. Such advances bring new opportunities and challenges

Jeremy PT Ward; Jill Gordon; Michael J Field; Harold P Lehmann

2001-01-01

182

Admission to Medical Education in Ten Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a study of access and admission to higher education in Germany and the United States, a group of papers on medical admissions in various countries was commissioned. The papers presented in this book reveal wide differences in admissions policies and procedures. Barbara Burn examines some of the major issues in a foreword: representation…

Burn, Barbara B., Ed.

183

Present Status of Medical Education in Poland  

PubMed Central

In the past few years medical education in Poland has undergone considerable change, particularly at the graduate and postgraduate levels, and has shown increasing Western influences. On the negative side, a physician who was trained in pre-war Poland and is now in the United States, noted mass production of physicians with modest clinical facilities and the preponderance of didactic lecturing over semi-individual instruction—conditions rather characteristic of most European medical schools. On the positive side were well-informed, up-to-date faculties and the thoughtful planning and organization of graduate and postgraduate medical education. The overall impression was a favorable one, but the system of schooling and of evaluation of students' work made it possible for indifferent students to progress to licensure.

Selzer, Arthur

1965-01-01

184

Developing and Assessing Curriculum on the Physics of Medical Instruments  

PubMed Central

Undergraduate educational settings often struggle to provide students with authentic biologically or medically relevant situations and problems that simultaneously improve their understanding of physics. Through exercises and laboratory activities developed in an elective Physics in Biomedicine course for upper-level biology or pre–health majors at Portland State University, we aim to teach fundamental physical concepts, such as light absorption and emission and atomic energy levels, through analysis of biological systems and medical devices. The activities address the properties of electromagnetic waves as they relate to the interaction with biological tissue and make links between physics and biomedical applications such as microscopy or laser eye surgery. We report on the effect that engaging students in tasks with actual medical equipment has had on their conceptual understanding of light and spectroscopy. These initial assessments indicate that students’ understanding improves in some areas as a result of taking the course, but gains are not uniform and are relatively low for other topics. We also find a promising “nonshift” in student attitudes toward learning science as a result of taking the course. A long-term goal of this work is to develop these materials to the extent that they can eventually be imported into an introductory curriculum for life sciences majors.

Christensen, Warren; Johnson, James K.; Van Ness, Grace R.; Mylott, Elliot; Dunlap, Justin C.; Anderson, Elizabeth A.; Widenhorn, Ralf

2013-01-01

185

Developing and assessing curriculum on the physics of medical instruments.  

PubMed

Undergraduate educational settings often struggle to provide students with authentic biologically or medically relevant situations and problems that simultaneously improve their understanding of physics. Through exercises and laboratory activities developed in an elective Physics in Biomedicine course for upper-level biology or pre-health majors at Portland State University, we aim to teach fundamental physical concepts, such as light absorption and emission and atomic energy levels, through analysis of biological systems and medical devices. The activities address the properties of electromagnetic waves as they relate to the interaction with biological tissue and make links between physics and biomedical applications such as microscopy or laser eye surgery. We report on the effect that engaging students in tasks with actual medical equipment has had on their conceptual understanding of light and spectroscopy. These initial assessments indicate that students' understanding improves in some areas as a result of taking the course, but gains are not uniform and are relatively low for other topics. We also find a promising "nonshift" in student attitudes toward learning science as a result of taking the course. A long-term goal of this work is to develop these materials to the extent that they can eventually be imported into an introductory curriculum for life sciences majors. PMID:23737632

Christensen, Warren; Johnson, James K; Van Ness, Grace R; Mylott, Elliot; Dunlap, Justin C; Anderson, Elizabeth A; Widenhorn, Ralf

2013-06-01

186

Conducting multilevel analyses in medical education.  

PubMed

A significant body of education literature has begun using multilevel statistical models to examine data that reside at multiple levels of analysis. In order to provide a primer for medical education researchers, the current work gives a brief overview of some issues associated with multilevel statistical modeling. To provide an example of this technique, we then present a multilevel analysis examining the relationship between two individual-level variables and the "cross-level" interaction between this relationship and a school-level variable. In offering this discussion and example of multilevel modeling, we hope to provide medical educators with a basic introduction to multilevel statistics, including the advantages of utilizing these techniques. PMID:17932779

Zyphur, Michael J; Kaplan, Seth A; Islam, Gazi; Barsky, Adam P; Franklin, Michael S

2008-12-01

187

Considering the clinical context of medical education.  

PubMed

The article by Chen and colleagues in this issue suggests that the context in which clinical medical education is executed matters, especially if we intend to meet the projected future physician workforce needs in the United States. Placing learners in the highest-performing medical settings seems intuitive, but this can be disruptive to the patient care interface, especially in high-performing health care delivery systems. Simply placing learners in a well-functioning, highly reliable health care delivery system focused on systems of care and directed at improving quality and safety is not enough for learners. Educational experiences must be planned, organized, and strategically aligned with clinical operations to ensure seamless integration with highly reliable health care delivery systems. The authors draw on their experience at Geisinger Health System to explore the challenges and advantages to integrating the education and patient care missions of academic clinical sites for learners, patients, faculty, and the future of the workforce. PMID:23887008

Famiglio, Linda M; Thompson, Michelle A; Kupas, Douglas F

2013-09-01

188

Medical education in the electronic medical record (EMR) era: benefits, challenges, and future directions.  

PubMed

In the last decade, electronic medical record (EMR) use in academic medical centers has increased. Although many have lauded the clinical and operational benefits of EMRs, few have considered the effect these systems have on medical education. The authors review what has been documented about the effect of EMR use on medical learners through the lens of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's six core competencies for medical education. They examine acknowledged benefits and educational risks to use of EMRs, consider factors that promote their successful use when implemented in academic environments, and identify areas of future research and optimization of EMRs' role in medical education. PMID:23619078

Tierney, Michael J; Pageler, Natalie M; Kahana, Madelyn; Pantaleoni, Julie L; Longhurst, Christopher A

2013-06-01

189

Program of Studies. Physical Education, K-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin states the physical education objectives of the Montgomery County, Maryland, public schools and lists specific goals for children from kindergarten through the eighth grade in physical education. (JD)

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. Dept. of Instructional Planning and Development.

190

Podiatric Medical Education Data Study. Volume 3. Alternative Approaches to Podiatric Medical Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall purpose of Task 3 was to collect and analyze data, with subsequent preparation of reports regarding costs, operation, and alternative approaches to podiatric medical education that would provide the Government and the profession the basis to m...

J. R. Carson

1983-01-01

191

Educational programs in US medical schools.  

PubMed

As described in the introduction, the data presented in this report can be viewed in both a historical and an environmental context. From a historical perspective, there has been change in many areas of medical education. The number of applicants to medical schools has risen sharply in the past few years, a result seemingly inconsistent with the dissatisfaction with medicine expressed by many physicians and with the uncertainties about the eventual outcomes of health system reform. The number of minority applicants and enrollees is slowly rising, but at rates below the goals identified by such initiatives as the Association of American Medical Colleges' "Project 3000 by 2000." Even with the expansion of the applicant pool, however, most medical schools do not anticipate enrollment increases. Medical school tuition also continues to increase significantly, in both public and private schools. The number of faculty members in the clinical disciplines also has continued to rise, although the rate of increase has become less marked. The decrease in the number of basic science faculty members that occurred this year will need to be monitored to ensure that appropriate faculty resources are available for teaching, especially with the initiatives to introduce more active learning formats during the basic science years. The medical curriculum continues to evolve at differing rates across schools. Many "innovations" have become part of the curricular repertoire; for example, medical schools have incorporated educational formats, such as problem-based learning or computer-assisted instruction, which emphasize active student learning, although in a number of cases they are limited to a small portion of the curriculum. In addition, the availability of clinical experiences during the first 2 years of the curriculum, especially those located in ambulatory settings, gives students an early glimpse of the world of actual medical practice. The use of standardized patients provides system and structure in the teaching and evaluation of clinical skills. Therefore, a look at medical education as a whole in the historical context reveals many positive changes (for example, an increase in student diversity over time, the introduction of alternative instructional formats, and attempts to evaluate student clinical competence more reliably). Within the context of environmental expectations, however, many challenges still remain. Medical schools are experiencing pressure to solve perceived problems with the specialty distribution of their graduates and with the specialty distribution of the general physician population, even though factors outside the control of the medical school, such as reimbursement and the practice environment, also influence specialty choice.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:8350448

Jonas, H S; Etzel, S I; Barzansky, B

1993-09-01

192

Medical specialty boards can help measure graduate medical education outcomes.  

PubMed

U.S. graduate medical education (GME) training institutions are under increasing scrutiny to measure program outcomes as a demonstration of accountability for the sizeable funding they receive from the federal government. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is a potential agent of measuring GME accountability but has no interaction with physicians after residency training is completed. American Board of Medical Specialty (ABMS) member boards interact with physicians throughout their careers through maintenance of certification (MOC) and are a potential source of valuable data on physician competency and quality of care, both of which could be used to measure GME accountability.The authors propose that ABMS boards and the ACGME deepen their existing relationship to better assess residency training outcomes. ABMS boards have a wealth of data on physicians collected as a by-product of MOC and business operations. Further, many ABMS boards collect practice demographics and scope-of-practice information through MOC enrollment surveys or recertification examination questionnaires. These data are potentially valuable in helping residencies know what their graduates are doing in practice. Part 4 of MOC generally involves assessment of the quality of care delivered in practice, and ABMS boards could share these deidentified data with the ACGME and residency programs to provide direct feedback on the practice outcomes of graduates.ABMS member boards and the ACGME should broaden their long-standing relationship to further develop shared roles and data-sharing mechanisms to better inform residencies and the public about GME training outcomes. PMID:24871232

Peterson, Lars E; Carek, Peter; Holmboe, Eric S; Puffer, James C; Warm, Eric J; Phillips, Robert L

2014-06-01

193

High School Student Attitudes about Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined attitudes of high school students toward fitness and sports activities taught in physical education, and the perceived effectiveness of their physical education curriculum for improving their fitness and skill levels. Students from six high schools and 17 intact physical education classes agreed to participate. Data were…

Rikard, G. Linda; Banville, Dominique

2006-01-01

194

Physical Education, Politics, and SPEAK Out! Day  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the importance of politics in the lives of physical educators. Politics affects many decisions that are made about physical education programs (PEPs). In public schools, politics can affect the number of certified physical education teachers, available facilities, class sizes, and number of days per week that students go to…

Claxton, David; Kopp, Rachael; Skidmore, Lauren; Williams, Kimberly

2013-01-01

195

Teaching for Student Learning in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of teaching is learning, and learning in physical education requires more than activity for children to achieve. This article highlights and discusses research that focuses on teaching in physical education, with a particular emphasis on motor skill learning and on student attitudes toward physical education. It presents a brief…

Silverman, Stephen

2011-01-01

196

Bully Prevention in the Physical Education Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying takes on many forms and occurs in all classrooms, and the activities found in physical education often provide fertile ground for these behaviors. For example, dodgeball is often played in physical education settings, even though the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance has clearly stated that dodgeball…

Fuller, Brett; Gulbrandson, Kim; Herman-Ukasick, Beth

2013-01-01

197

Preparation of Adapted Physical Educators. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes achievements and activities of a federally supported project to prepare physical educators in Oregon to provide adapted physical education programs to students with disabilities. During the project, 28 students were prepared to be adapted physical education specialists at the masters degree level at Oregon State University.…

McCubbin, Jeffrey A.

198

42 CFR 412.322 - Indirect medical education adjustment factor.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...medical education adjustment factor. 412.322 Section 412...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM...medical education adjustment factor. (a) Basic data. CMS... (b) Payment adjustment factor. The indirect teaching...

2013-10-01

199

Council on Graduate Medical Education Summary Report, 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Council on Graduate Medical Education (COGME) was authorized in 1986 as an advisory council to Congress and the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) on matters concerning graduate medical education and the physician workforc...

2002-01-01

200

PHYSICS TODAY--INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS EDUCATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS SPECIAL ISSUE OF "PHYSICS TODAY" REVIEWS THE STATUS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS, AS WELL AS COLLEGE PHYSICS AND PHYSICAL SCIENCE. SECONDARY LEVEL PROJECTS INCLUDE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STUDY COMMITTEE PHYSICS, HARVARD PROJECT PHYSICS, THE ENGINEERING CONCEPTS CURRICULUM PROJECT, AND THE NUFFIELD PROJECT. THOSE AT THE COLLEGE LEVEL INCLUDE THE…

1967

201

Equal Educational Opportunity for The Handicapped through Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congressional testimony for the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 clearly articulated the importance of physical education in the development of handicapped children. Physical education is defined as the development of lifetime and team sport skills and games. The prerequisites to the development of sport skills are physical and…

Auxter, David

1981-01-01

202

Ethics of cost analyses in medical education.  

PubMed

Cost analyses in medical education are rarely straightforward, and rarely lead to clear-cut conclusions. Occasionally they do lead to clear conclusions but even when that happens, some stakeholders will ask difficult but valid questions about what to do following cost analyses-specifically about distributive justice in the allocation of resources. At present there are few or no debates about these issues and rationing decisions that are taken in medical education are largely made subconsciously. Distributive justice 'concerns the nature of a socially just allocation of goods in a society'. Inevitably there is a large degree of subjectivity in the judgment as to whether an allocation is seen as socially just or ethical. There are different principles by which we can view distributive justice and which therefore affect the prism of subjectivity through which we see certain problems. For example, we might say that distributive justice at a certain institution or in a certain medical education system operates according to the principle that resources must be divided equally amongst learners. Another system may say that resources should be distributed according to the needs of learners or even of patients. No ethical system or model is inherently right or wrong, they depend on the context in which the educator is working. PMID:24203859

Walsh, Kieran

2013-11-01

203

Survey of medical residents' attitude toward physical medicine and rehabilitation.  

PubMed

This survey was completed on 600 medical residents in 19 randomly selected teaching hospitals from three Iranian medical universities to delineate some possible factors associated with medical residents' awareness of and attitude toward 11 specified areas of physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R). Fifty-four percent of the participants had a history of consultation with physiatrists. Male residents and those with history of general medicine education in a university having a residency program in PM&R were the most likely to consult with physiatrists. Age and graduation date were not significant predictors of consultation. Residency specialty was the most powerful covariate of consultation rate, with the highest rate of consultation in neurosurgery, neurology, and orthopedics. The best known areas of PM&R were rehabilitation of central nervous system disorders, electrodiagnostic studies, and prescription of physical modalities. The most requested areas of PM&R for collaboration were therapeutic exercise, musculoskeletal and rheumatic disorders, and geriatric rehabilitation. Overall, the residents of various specialties showed different levels of familiarity and attitude toward the different areas of PM&R. This indicates that specific programs are needed to improve PM&R collaboration with all specialties. Policy makers in all levels, from hospital administrators to the ministry of health, need to further enhance the familiarity of medical residents with the field PM&R. PMID:24508929

Raeissadat, Seyed Ahmad; Samadi, Behnoud; Rayegani, Seyed Mansour; Bahrami, Mohammad Hasan; Mahmoudi, Hooman

2014-06-01

204

Addressing assessment in libyan medical education.  

PubMed

ASSESSMENT IS A POWERFUL DRIVER OF STUDENT LEARNING: it gives a message to learners about what they should be learning, what the learning organisation believes to be important, and how they should go about learning. Assessment tools allow measurement of student achievement and thereby give teachers insight into their students' learning, and enable teachers to make systematic judgements about progress and achievement. It is vital then that assessment tools drive students to learn the right things as well as measure student learning appropriately. Any attempts to reform curricula and teaching methods must consider the role of assessment in the learning process.Libyan doctors and medical students have been calling for changes to teaching and assessment methods at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. A team from the Academic Centre for Medical Education at University College, London have been running workshops in conjunction with the Libyan Board of Medical Specialties since 2006 to discuss strategic aims of assessment in medical education in Libya for the 21st century and to deliver an assessment skills course to Libyan educators. This article outlines the course and the outcomes of preliminary discussions between academics from the UK, participants in the assessment courses and representatives from the Libyan Board of Medical Specialties. As a result of these discussions it was agreed by all that Libyan Medical School assessment methods need updating and, despite significant challenges, changes in assessment must be made as soon as possible. There is a real need for support in both addressing these changes and for practical training for assessors in contemporary assessment methods. PMID:21483506

Richardson, J; Gill, D; Woolf, K

2009-01-01

205

Addressing Assessment in Libyan Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Assessment is a powerful driver of student learning: it gives a message to learners about what they should be learning, what the learning organisation believes to be important, and how they should go about learning. Assessment tools allow measurement of student achievement and thereby give teachers insight into their students' learning, and enable teachers to make systematic judgements about progress and achievement. It is vital then that assessment tools drive students to learn the right things as well as measure student learning appropriately. Any attempts to reform curricula and teaching methods must consider the role of assessment in the learning process. Libyan doctors and medical students have been calling for changes to teaching and assessment methods at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. A team from the Academic Centre for Medical Education at University College, London have been running workshops in conjunction with the Libyan Board of Medical Specialties since 2006 to discuss strategic aims of assessment in medical education in Libya for the 21st century and to deliver an assessment skills course to Libyan educators. This article outlines the course and the outcomes of preliminary discussions between academics from the UK, participants in the assessment courses and representatives from the Libyan Board of Medical Specialties. As a result of these discussions it was agreed by all that Libyan Medical School assessment methods need updating and, despite significant challenges, changes in assessment must be made as soon as possible. There is a real need for support in both addressing these changes and for practical training for assessors in contemporary assessment methods.

Richardson, J; Gill, D; Woolf, K

2009-01-01

206

Leveraging e-Learning in Medical Education.  

PubMed

e-Learning has become a popular medium for delivering instruction in medical education. This innovative method of teaching offers unique learning opportunities for medical trainees. The purpose of this article is to define the present state of e-learning in pediatrics and how to best leverage e-learning for educational effectiveness and change in medical education. Through addressing under-examined and neglected areas in implementation strategies for e-learning, its usefulness in medical education can be expanded. This study used a systematic database review of published studies in the field of e-learning in pediatric training between 2003 and 2013. The search was conducted using educational and health databases: Scopus, ERIC, PubMed, and search engines Google and Hakia. A total of 72 reference articles were suitable for analysis. This review is supplemented by the use of "e-Learning Design Screening Questions" to define e-learning design and development in 10 randomly selected articles. Data analysis used template-based coding themes and counting of the categories using descriptive statistics.Our search for pediatric e-learning (using Google and Hakia) resulted in six well-defined resources designed to support the professional development of doctors, residents, and medical students. The majority of studies focused on instructional effectiveness and satisfaction. There were few studies about e-learning development, implementation, and needs assessments used to identify the institutional and learners? needs. Reviewed studies used various study designs, measurement tools, instructional time, and materials for e-learning interventions. e-Learning is a viable solution for medical educators faced with many challenges, including (1) promoting self-directed learning, (2) providing flexible learning opportunities that would offer continuous (24h/day/7 days a week) availability for learners, and (3) engaging learners through collaborative learning communities to gain significant learning and augment continuous professional development. Several important recommendations for faculty instructors interested in providing and/or improving e-learning activities for today?s learners are detailed. PMID:24981664

Lewis, Kadriye O; Cidon, Michal J; Seto, Teresa L; Chen, Haiqin; Mahan, John D

2014-07-01

207

Educational Theory and Medical Education Practice: A Cautionary Note for Medical School Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflects on educational theory, in particular cognitive theory, and concludes that theory is little more than metaphor, not rigorous, tested, confirmed scientific theory. Asserts that this metaphor may lead to ideas for basic and applied research, but in the meantime it cannot be trusted to determine practice in medical education. (EV)

Colliver, Jerry A.

2002-01-01

208

Medically unexplained physical symptoms in emergency medicine  

PubMed Central

Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are physical symptoms for which no relevant organic pathology can be found. Patients with MUPS commonly present to the emergency department (ED) but are rarely considered in emergency medicine teaching or literature. Management of these patients is frequently more challenging than where there is an obvious organic pathology. This review provides the emergency physician with background knowledge regarding the classification and aetiology of MUPS. It then provides strategies for more effective management, such as exploring the contribution of psychosocial factors with patients, explaining negative test results, and providing reassurance and avoiding creating iatrogenic anxiety. Early recognition of the fact that symptoms may not result from organic disease and an appreciation of the role of psychosocial factors may improve outcomes by reducing unnecessary investigation and admission, and avoiding reinforcement that encourages further similar presentations and unhelpful coping mechanisms.

Stephenson, D T; Price, J R

2006-01-01

209

Directory of Approved Allied Medical Educational Programs, 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a reference for educators, students, and employers, this directory contains information about 2,498 allied medical educational programs, representing 14 occupations, which were approved as of July 15, 1970, by the Council on Medical Education of the American Medical Association (AMA) and 14 collaborating organizations. The programs are…

American Medical Association, Chicago, IL. Council on Medical Education.

210

An Overview of Undergraduate Physiology Education in Turkish Medical Faculties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…

Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge

2008-01-01

211

Judicious Use of Simulation Technology in Continuing Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of simulation-based training is fast becoming a vital source of experiential learning in medical education. Although simulation is a common tool for undergraduate and graduate medical education curricula, the utilization of simulation in continuing medical education (CME) is still an area of growth. As more CME programs turn to simulation to…

Curtis, Michael T.; DiazGranados, Deborah; Feldman, Moshe

2012-01-01

212

Canadian medical education: 50 years of innovation and leadership.  

PubMed Central

Over the past 50 years, many Canadian medical educators have pursued ideas and visions, as individuals in the 1950s and 1960s and later in partnership with various national bodies. Relations between universities and national medical organizations have been productive in dealing with issues of postgraduate education and clinical assessment, in particular. From 1970 to 1990, strong education offices and formally trained educators led to many successes in the areas of research in cognition, continuing medical education and clinical assessment. Canadian medical education has now achieved international recognition for its work in all aspects of the continuum of the physician's education through vision, initiative and cooperation.

Dauphinee, W D

1993-01-01

213

The medical and nursing education partnership initiatives.  

PubMed

The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) and Nursing Education Partnership Initiative (NEPI) are innovative approaches to strengthening the academic and clinical training of physicians and nurses in Sub-Saharan African countries, which are heavily burdened by HIV/AIDS. Begun in 2010 by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief with the National Institutes of Health, investments in curricula, innovative learning technologies, clinical mentoring, and research opportunities are providing a strong base to advance high-quality education for growing numbers of urgently needed new physicians and nurses in these countries. The MEPI and NEPI focus on strengthening learning institutions is central to the vision for expanding the pool of health professionals to meet the full range of a country's health needs. A robust network of exchange between education institutions and training facilities, both within and across countries, is transforming the quality of medical education and augmenting a platform for research opportunities for faculty and clinicians, which also serves as an incentive to retain professionals in the country. Excellence in patient care and a spirit of professionalism, core to MEPI and NEPI, provide a strong foundation for the planning and delivery of health services in participating countries. PMID:25072578

Goosby, Eric P; von Zinkernagel, Deborah

2014-08-01

214

Standardizing, Monitoring, Evaluating Preceptorships: A Model for Decentralized Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decentralized models of medical education, particularly for preparing primary care specialists, are increasing in importance as medical educators become aware of the need for medical students and residents to receive part of their clinical training away from the academic medical center in real practice settings. (Editor/PG)

DeMers, Judy L.

1975-01-01

215

Defending diversity: affirmative action and medical education.  

PubMed Central

Affirmative action programs of all types are under attack legally and politically. Although medical schools have not been specifically targeted, their affirmative action programs, like others in higher education, are potentially in danger. This article examines the current legal status of affirmative action in medical education and concludes that a refurbished defense of such programs is essential if they are to survive impending judicial and political scrutiny. An analysis of existing case law and available evidence suggests that a carefully reinvigorated diversity argument is the tactic most likely to pass constitutional muster, as well as the justification most likely to blunt growing public and political opposition to admissions policies that take race and ethnicity into consideration.

DeVille, K

1999-01-01

216

Autopsy and medical education: a review.  

PubMed Central

During the twentieth century there has been a decline in the rate of autopsies performed. A review of the literature reveals reasons for this decline which include: an improvement in the medical diagnostic technology available; inadequate training of doctors as to the importance of autopsy; and difficulties in obtaining consent from relatives and the present use of audit. Recommendations for changes in medical education are made which include: a greater appreciation of the procedure as a useful investigation tool; the development of attitudes towards death; and improving communication skills with the bereaved. Recommendations are also made regarding education of the public, awareness of differences in cultural attitudes, the role of leaflets, the post-autopsy conference and the place of audit.

Charlton, R

1994-01-01

217

[Continuing medical education in radiation oncology].  

PubMed

In France, continuing medical education (CME) and professional practice evaluation (PPE) became mandatory by law in July 2009 for all health professionnals. Recently published decrees led to the creation of national specialty councils to implement this organizational device. For radiation oncology, this council includes the French Society for Radiation Oncology (SFRO), the National Radiation Oncology Syndicate (SNRO) and the Association for Continuing Medical Education in Radiation Oncology (AFCOR). The Radiation Oncology National Council will propose a set of programs including CME and PPE, professional thesaurus, labels for CME actions consistent with national requirements, and will organize expertise for public instances. AFCOR remains the primary for CME, but each practitioner can freely choose an organisation for CME, provided that it is certified by the independent scientific commission. The National Order for physicians is the control authority. Radiation oncology has already a strong tradition of independent CME that will continue through this major reform. PMID:22925493

Chauvet, B; Barillot, I; Denis, F; Cailleux, P-É; Ardiet, J-M; Mornex, F

2012-09-01

218

Learning to Embrace Nuclear Physics through Education  

SciTech Connect

Due to its achievements, nuclear physics is more and more present in life of every member of the society. Its applications in the medical field and in nuclear energy, as well as the advanced research, always pushing the limits of science towards micro cosmos and macro cosmos, are subjects frequently presented in the media. In addition to their invaluable benefits, these achievements involve also particular rules to prevent potential risks. These risks are also underlined by the media, often being presented in an unfriendly manner. Specialists in nuclear physics are familiar with these problems complying with the specific rules in order to reduce risks at insignificant levels. The development of a specific field ('Radiation protection') defining norms and requirements for 'assuring the radiological safety of the workers, population and environment', and its dynamics represent a proof of a responsible attitude regarding nuclear safety. Dedicated international bodies and experts analyze and rigorously evaluate risks in order to draw the right ways of managing activity in the field. The improvement of the formal and informal education of public regarding the real risks of nuclear applications is very important in order to understand and better assimilate some general rules concerning the use of these techniques, as well as for their correct perception, leading to an increase of interest towards nuclear physics. This educational update can be started even from elementary school and continued in each stage of formal education in adapted forms. The task of informing general public is to be carried out mainly by specialists who, unlike 30-40 years ago, can rely on a much more efficient generation of communications' mean. Taking into account the lack of interest for nuclear, an attractive way of presenting the achievements and future possibilities of nuclear physics would contribute to youth orientation towards specific universities in order to become next generation of specialists in the field. Facing new challenges, society becomes aware of the fact that education represents the real solution to escalade them. Nuclear physics plays an important role in ensuring energetic resources for the near future and in reducing greenhouse effects. On the other hand, especially nuclear physics will permit to solve the enigma of universe birth. As in any other field, development involves continuous education and knowledge upgrading for all categories carrying out nuclear activities. For radiation protection workers and specialists, periodically refreshment courses are mandatory, in compliance with the national and international specific requirements.

Avadanei, Camelia [Nuclear Training Centre (CPSDN), 'Horia Hulubei' National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 407 Atomistilor Street, Magurele City, Ilfov County, P.O. Box MG 6, Post Code 077125 (Romania)

2010-01-21

219

Learning to Embrace Nuclear Physics through Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to its achievements, nuclear physics is more and more present in life of every member of the society. Its applications in the medical field and in nuclear energy, as well as the advanced research, always pushing the limits of science towards micro cosmos and macro cosmos, are subjects frequently presented in the media. In addition to their invaluable benefits, these achievements involve also particular rules to prevent potential risks. These risks are also underlined by the media, often being presented in an unfriendly manner. Specialists in nuclear physics are familiar with these problems complying with the specific rules in order to reduce risks at insignificant levels. The development of a specific field (``Radiation protection'') defining norms and requirements for ``assuring the radiological safety of the workers, population and environment,'' and its dynamics represent a proof of a responsible attitude regarding nuclear safety. Dedicated international bodies and experts analyze and rigorously evaluate risks in order to draw the right ways of managing activity in the field. The improvement of the formal and informal education of public regarding the real risks of nuclear applications is very important in order to understand and better assimilate some general rules concerning the use of these techniques, as well as for their correct perception, leading to an increase of interest towards nuclear physics. This educational update can be started even from elementary school and continued in each stage of formal education in adapted forms. The task of informing general public is to be carried out mainly by specialists who, unlike 30-40 years ago, can rely on a much more efficient generation of communications' mean. Taking into account the lack of interest for nuclear, an attractive way of presenting the achievements and future possibilities of nuclear physics would contribute to youth orientation towards specific universities in order to become next generation of specialists in the field. Facing new challenges, society becomes aware of the fact that education represents the real solution to escalade them. Nuclear physics plays an important role in ensuring energetic resources for the near future and in reducing greenhouse effects. On the other hand, especially nuclear physics will permit to solve the enigma of universe birth. As in any other field, development involves continuous education and knowledge upgrading for all categories carrying out nuclear activities. For radiation protection workers and specialists, periodically refreshment courses are mandatory, in compliance with the national and international specific requirements.

Avadanei, Camelia

2010-01-01

220

Texts, Authoring and Reading in Medical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Despite William Osler’s referring, over a century ago, to the patient as a ‘text’ and key work since (Daniel 1986, 1990; Leder\\u000a 1990), the notion may be new to some medical educators and needs to be carefully explained and explored. At first sight, the\\u000a word ‘text’ may seem a demeaning or reductive way to describe a patient’s presence, but doctors

Alan Bleakley; John Bligh; Julie Browne

221

Peer-Reviewed Reports of Innovative Approaches in Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents 73 summaries of innovative approaches in medical education covering such topics as professionalism, culture and diversity, preclinical education, clinical education, evidence-based medicine, education in the community, longitudinal ambulatory care experiences, applications of computer technology, residents as teachers, graduate medical

Anderson, M. Brownell, Ed.

2000-01-01

222

Physical Description and Job Attainment in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate Tennessee principals' selection of physical education teacher applicants based on hypothetical descriptions of academic merit and physical appearance. A final sample of 139 of the 210 randomly selected school principals completed the survey, "Hiring the Physical Education Teacher." Results indicated…

Jenkins, Alysia; Caputo, J. L.; Farley, R. S.

2005-01-01

223

Physical Activity and Environmental Influences during Secondary School Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical activity engagement during physical education is important for many reasons, including developing physical fitness and movement skills and promoting health. Much more is known about physical activity in elementary than secondary schools. We examined physical activity and how it was influenced by instructor-related and environmental…

Chow, Bik C.; McKenzie, Thomas L.; Louie, Lobo

2009-01-01

224

Implementing Physical Best in Higher Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the emphases of physical education teacher education (PETE) programs can be linked to quality K-12 instruction, embedding Physical Best (PB) materials into existing PETE curricula can be a practical means of addressing the obesity crisis in the public schools. The PB program is a comprehensive, health-related fitness education program that…

Ayers, Suzan F.; Martinez, Ray D.

2007-01-01

225

Creating the Hereafter for Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of career opportunities in physical education does not lie in the absence or dearth of job openings but in the image the profession has of itself. The basic change required of physical educators is an awakening to the possibility and necessity of educating groups other than the traditional seventh to twelfth grades. In addition,…

Lambert, Charlotte L.

226

Developing Your Child's Physical Education IEP  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Appropriate physical education is a mandated part of a child's Individual Educational Program (IEP). It is not optional, nor should parents want it to be optional. This is the time in the day for the child to develop in a variety of ways that are very important to healthy living for the rest of his or her life. The purpose of physical education is…

Grosse, Susan J.

2009-01-01

227

Purposes of Physical Education - Today and Tomorrow.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emphasis in physical education appears to be changing toward a more humanistic education to counteract a dehumanizing trend with the emphasis on mechanization, efficiency, and technological innovation. This paper includes the results from a small survey of physical educators representing five groups: (1) curriculum theorists, (2) researchers,…

LaPlante, Marilyn

228

2005 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2005 Physics Education Research Conference covered a broad spectrum of current research directions including student learning of specific topics, student attitudes, and the effectiveness of various teaching methods. The emphasis was on undergraduate instruction. The theme of this conference was "Connecting Physics Education Research Teacher Education at All Levels: K-20."

2009-10-25

229

Directory of Credit-Granting Policies in Medical Laboratory Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ways now exist for medical laboratory workers to advance up the educational career ladder, gaining credit for prior training and/or experience. A total of 369 Certified Medical Laboratory Assistant Schools, colleges with Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technicians programs, schools of Medical Technology, and colleges with baccalaureate Medical

National Committee for Careers in Medical Technology, Bethesda, MD.

230

Medical Education 1926-1928. Bulletin, 1929, No. 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin reports on the status of medical education in the United States for the years 1926-1928. During the past two years the number of medical schools recognized by the American Medical Association has been reduced from 80 to 74. Reports to the American Medical Association show that the enrollment of medical students has increased from…

Colwell, N. P.

1929-01-01

231

Continuing medical education: AMEE Education Guide No 35.  

PubMed

This guide is designed to provide a foundation for developing effective continuing medical education (CME) for practicing physicians. For the purposes of this work, continuing medical education is defined as any activity which serves to maintain, develop, or increase the knowledge, skills and professional performance and relationships that a physician uses to provide services for patients, the public, or the profession (American Medical Association 2007; Accreditation Council for CME 2007). The term continuing professional development (CPD) is broader and has become more popular in many areas of the world. As defined by Stanton and Grant, CPD includes educational methods beyond the didactic, embodies concepts of self-directed learning and personal development and considers organizational and systemic factors (Stanton & Grant 1997). In fact, this guide describes many modalities that may be defined as CME or CPD. In the interest of simplicity, we will use the term continuing medical education (CME) throughout, with the understanding that the same strategies may be applied to non-clinical continuing professional education. For those who do not work exclusively in CME, many terms and processes may be unfamiliar. This guide is intended to provide a broad overview of the discipline of CME as well as a pragmatic approach to the practice of CME. The format provides an overview of CME including history and rationale for the discipline, followed by a practical approach to developing CME activities, the management of the overall CME programme and finally, future trends. At the end of the guide you will find resources including readings, websites and professional associations to assist in the development and management of CME programmes. PMID:18777424

Davis, Nancy; Davis, David; Bloch, Ralph

2008-01-01

232

Medical physics practice in the next decade  

PubMed Central

Impressive advances in computers and materials science have fueled a broad-based confluence of basic science breakthroughs. These advances are making us reformulate our learning, teaching and credentialing methodologies and research and development frontiers. We are now in the age of molecular medicine. In the entire field of health care, a paradigm shift from population-based solutions to individual specific care is taking place. These trends are reshaping the practice of medical physics. In this short presentation, examples are given to illustrate developments in image-guided intensity-modulated and adaptive helical tomotherapy, enhanced application of intensity modulation radiotherapy (IMRT) using adaptive radiotherapy and conformal avoidance. These advances include improved normal tissue sparing and permit dose reconstruction and verification, thereby allowing significant biologically effective dose escalation and reduced radiation toxicity. The intrinsic capability of helical TomoTherapy for megavoltage CT imaging for IMRT image-guidance is also discussed. Finally developments in motion management are described.

Paliwal, Bhudatt

2006-01-01

233

Instructional Framework for Fitness Education in Physical Education. Guidance Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association for Sport and Physical Education's (NASPE) Fitness Education Project team gathered insights from professionals across the country who have worked on national and state physical education standards and district curriculum materials; from content and pedagogy specialists; and from current literature to provide what follows:…

National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 2012

2012-01-01

234

Sociomoral Education Through Physical Education With At-Risk Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a theoretically grounded and empirically tested intervention to promote the sociomoral growth of children through physical education. The intervention, which has been implemented with at-risk urban elementary school children, is based on the moral action model proposed by Shields and Bredemeier (1995). The first section of the paper discusses the appropriateness of physical education for sociomoral education.

Stephen C. Miller; Brenda J. L. Bredemeier; David L. L. Shields

1997-01-01

235

Physical Education and Art for Elementary Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual contains approximately 68 physical education activities and 60 art activities to be used with special education students in elementary school. It is explained that the physical education activities are limited to low organization games and team sports. Suggested are procedures for class organization, safety, teaching (such as having a…

Lambert, Anne; Drage, Darlene

236

University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical education, Sports & Kinesiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lecture 26University of Craiova is one of the most important universities in Romania. It includes also Faculty of Physical Education, Sport and Kinesiology that prepare the future specialists in sport performance, trainers and sport rehabilitation. Most of the teachers of this faculty are sports medicine physicians and they have also medical activity in the Sport Medicine Department of Emergency Hospital

Rusu Ligia

2011-01-01

237

Physical Education Waivers and Young Adult Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was to evaluate the relationship between physical activity of young adults who were granted waivers from high school physical education versus those who completed courses in states requiring physical education teacher certification, with curriculum standards and credit requirements for graduation. University students from three…

Mears, Derrick

2010-01-01

238

How Do Education Students Learn Physics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in physics education has identified students' attitudes and beliefs that contribute to higher gains in learning. The study investigated the extent of change in education majors' attitudes, beliefs and cognitive expectations after going through an introductory physics course. Using the MPEX (Maryland Physics Expectations) Survey and the…

Mistades, Voltaire Mallari

2011-01-01

239

Instructional Aids for Adaptive Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This idea book on remedial physical education is divided into four sections. Each section contains drawings and brief explanations on ways to adapt physical education for the physically handicapped. The first section covers homemade equipment for developing muscular strength and endurance in specific muscles. Also included are resistive exercises…

Cowart, James F.

240

The Stress Process in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Negative stress in physical education can reduce a student's enjoyment of physical activity and destroy the individual's desire to be a lifelong mover. The purpose of this article is to explore the concept of stress in physical education. Stress is defined as a substantial imbalance between the demand of a situation and the individual's capability…

Blankenship, Bonnie Tjeerdsma

2007-01-01

241

The current medical education system in the world.  

PubMed

To contribute to the innovation of the medical education system in Japan, we visited 35 medical schools and 5 institutes in 12 countries of North America, Europe, Australia and Asia in 2008-2010 and observed the education system. We met the deans, medical education committee and administration affairs and discussed about the desirable education system. We also observed the facilities of medical schools.Medical education system shows marked diversity in the world. There are three types of education course; non-graduate-entry program(non-GEP), graduate-entry program(GEP) and mixed program of non-GEP and GEP. Even in the same country, several types of medical schools coexist. Although the education methods are also various among medical schools, most of the medical schools have introduced tutorial system based on PBL or TBL and simulation-based learning to create excellent medical physicians. The medical education system is variable among countries depending on the social environment. Although the change in education program may not be necessary in Japan, we have to innovate education methods; clinical training by clinical clerkship must be made more developed to foster the training of the excellent clinical physicians, and tutorial education by PBL or TBL and simulation-based learning should be introduced more actively. PMID:23896789

Nara, Nobuo; Suzuki, Toshiya; Tohda, Shuji

2011-01-01

242

Advancing Resident Assessment in Graduate Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Background The Outcome Project requires high-quality assessment approaches to provide reliable and valid judgments of the attainment of competencies deemed important for physician practice. Intervention The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) convened the Advisory Committee on Educational Outcome Assessment in 2007–2008 to identify high-quality assessment methods. The assessments selected by this body would form a core set that could be used by all programs in a specialty to assess resident performance and enable initial steps toward establishing national specialty databases of program performance. The committee identified a small set of methods for provisional use and further evaluation. It also developed frameworks and processes to support the ongoing evaluation of methods and the longer-term enhancement of assessment in graduate medical education. Outcome The committee constructed a set of standards, a methodology for applying the standards, and grading rules for their review of assessment method quality. It developed a simple report card for displaying grades on each standard and an overall grade for each method reviewed. It also described an assessment system of factors that influence assessment quality. The committee proposed a coordinated, national-level infrastructure to support enhancements to assessment, including method development and assessor training. It recommended the establishment of a new assessment review group to continue its work of evaluating assessment methods. The committee delivered a report summarizing its activities and 5 related recommendations for implementation to the ACGME Board in September 2008.

Swing, Susan R.; Clyman, Stephen G.; Holmboe, Eric S.; Williams, Reed G.

2009-01-01

243

Resources for medical education: finding the right prescription.  

PubMed

What are the resources necessary to provide the highest quality education for medical students? This is the essential question which must be answered before a medical school can make a rational decision about the number of students to have in each class. In deciphering an objective way to determine the class size of a medical school, this paper explores the principles of medical education, accrediting organizations institutional expectations in providing a medical education program, and the author's personal experiences. The central tenets of a quality medical education include: learning by doing, student-centered learning, and the transmission of the attitudes, values and behaviors of the medical profession. This paper considers how these core components of medical education can be achieved and what resources are necessary to ensure that all students are appropriately supported. PMID:20697551

Humphrey, Holly J

2010-01-01

244

Radioisotope Production for Medical and Physics Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radioisotopes are critical to the science and technology base of the US. Discoveries and applications made as a result of the availability of radioisotopes span widely from medicine, biology, physics, chemistry and homeland security. The clinical use of radioisotopes for medical diagnosis is the largest sector of use, with about 16 million procedures a year in the US. The use of ^99Mo/^99mTc generator and ^18F make up the majority, but ^201Tl, ^123I, ^111In, and ^67Ga are also used routinely to perform imaging of organ function. Application of radioisotopes for therapy is dominated by use of ^131I for thyroid malignancies, ^90Y for some solid tumors, and ^89Sr for bone cancer, but production of several more exotic species such as ^225Ac and ^211At are of significant current research interest. In physics ^225Ra is of interest for CP violation studies, and the actinides ^242Am, ^249Bk, and ^254Es are needed as targets for experiments to create superheavy elements. Large amounts of ^252Cf are needed as a fission source for the CARIBU experiment at ANL. The process of radioisotope production is multidisciplinary. Nuclear physics input based on nuclear reaction excitation function data is needed to choose an optimum target/projectile in order to maximize desired isotope production and minimize unwanted byproducts. Mechanical engineering is needed to address issues of target heating, induced mechanical stress and material compatibility of target and claddings. Radiochemists are involved as well since chemical separation to purify the desired final radioisotope product from the bulk target and impurities is also usually necessary. Most neutron rich species are produced at a few government and university reactors. Other radioisotopes are produced in cyclotrons in the commercial sector, university/hospital based facilities, and larger devices at the DOE labs. The landscape of US facilities, the techniques involved, and current supply challenges will be reviewed.

Mausner, Leonard

2012-10-01

245

An Introduction to Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article aims to introduce the reader to the field of Physics Education Research (PER). Topics include the difference between Physics Education Research and Physics Education/curriculum development, a brief history of PER in the US, and some of the research traditions within PER (current types of PER, types of questions asked, research methods used, etc.). By necessity, many important aspects of the field have been omitted in an effort to produce a short, readable overview.

Beichner, Robert J.

2009-04-11

246

On Whose Shoulders We Stand: Lessons from Exemplar Medical Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hiring of educators in medical schools (faculty who study the educational process and prepare others to become educators) has been one of the most successful educational innovations ever. Starting in 1954, through a collaboration between the Schools of Medicine and Education at the University of Buffalo, the innovation has spread to over half…

Hitchcock, Maurice A.; Anderson, William A.

2008-01-01

247

Physics Education activities sponsored by LAPEN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we present the first activities of the Latin-American Physics Education Network (LAPEN) organized by representatives of Brazil, Cuba, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Peru and Spain. These activities include Seminars, Congress, Postgraduate Programs on Physics Education and several publications. The creation of LAPEN has been inspired and warranted by members of the International Commission on Physics Education of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. LAPEN was constituted in the International Meeting on Teaching Physics and Training Teachers (RIEFEP 2005) which was held in Matanzas, Cuba in November 2005. The creation of LAPEN was also warranted by the General Assembly of the IX Inter-American Conference on Physics Education held in San José, Costa Rica from 3 to 7 July 2006, and by the ICPE Committee in the International Conference on Physics Education 2006 at Tokyo, Japan. LAPEN has a Coordinator Committee integrated by a President, a Vice-president and an Executive Secretary.

Mora Ley, Cesar E.

2007-05-01

248

The Demand for Medical Education: An Augmented Human Capital Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines investment and consumption features of the demand for medical education, using medical application data over the 1948 to 1994 time period. Examines a variant of a pure human capital (investment) model and a model augmented by consumption and demographic variables, using medical education data. A static human capital model best forecasts…

Quinn, Robert; Price, Jamie

1998-01-01

249

Students' Views on Factors Affecting Empathy in Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Empathy is a prominent goal of medical education that is too often underachieved. Using concept mapping, the authors constructed a student-generated conceptual model of factors viewed as affecting empathy during medical education. Methods: During the 2005-2006 academic year, 293 medical students and interns answered a brainstorming…

Winseman, Jeffrey; Malik, Abid; Morison, Julie; Balkoski, Victoria

2009-01-01

250

Difficulties in Improving Medical Education: A Framework for Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A framework for analyzing the difficulties inherent in educational change is provided with examples drawn from medical education. The analysis is based on the discrepancy-opportunity model reported by Rotem and Glasman. The propositions stemming from this model suggest interventions and strategies for the development of medical education.…

Rotem, Arie; Bandaranayke, Faja

1981-01-01

251

Assessment of the Undergraduate Medical Education Environment in a Large UK Medical School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the undergraduate educational environment in a large UK medical school. Method: Prospective study using the already validated Dundee Ready Education Environment (DREEM) questionnaire ("Appendix 1"). Setting: A large UK medical school. Participants: All medical students enrolled in the academic year 2002/2003. Main outcome…

Dunne, Fidelma; McAleer, Sean; Roff, Susan

2006-01-01

252

Alcohol Medical Scholars Program--A Mentorship Program for Improving Medical Education regarding Substance Use Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alcohol Medical Scholars Program (AMSP) is designed to improve medical education related to substance use disorders (SUDs) through mentorship of junior, full-time academic faculty from medical schools across the United States. Scholarship focuses on literature review and synthesis, lecture development and delivery, increasing SUD education in…

Neufeld, Karin J.; Schuckit, Marc A.; Hernandez-Avila, Carlos A.

2011-01-01

253

Whither (Whether) Medical Humanities? The Future of Humanities and Arts in Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue of "Journal for Learning through the Arts" focuses on the uses of literature and arts in medical education. The introductory article addresses current debate in the field of medical humanities (MH), namely the existential question of what is the purpose of integrating humanities/arts in medical education; and then examines how…

Shapiro, Johanna

2012-01-01

254

Physical Education Teachers' and University Teacher Educators' Perceptions regarding Coeducational vs. Single Gender Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since Title IX was enacted in the United States in 1972, Physical Education (PE) classes have become coeducational. This may be because educational leaders interpret Title IX to require coeducational-only classes. Research, however, indicates that for some students, coeducation classes may not be the most appropriate learning environment. The…

Hill, Grant M.; Hannon, James C.; Knowles, Curt

2012-01-01

255

Simulation in Medical School Education: Review for Emergency Medicine  

PubMed Central

Medical education is rapidly evolving. With the paradigm shift to small-group didactic sessions and focus on clinically oriented case-based scenarios, simulation training has provided educators a novel way to deliver medical education in the 21st century. The field continues to expand in scope and practice and is being incorporated into medical school clerkship education, and specifically in emergency medicine (EM). The use of medical simulation in graduate medical education is well documented. Our aim in this article is to perform a retrospective review of the current literature, studying simulation use in EM medical student clerkships. Studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of simulation in teaching basic science, clinical knowledge, procedural skills, teamwork, and communication skills. As simulation becomes increasingly prevalent in medical school curricula, more studies are needed to assess whether simulation training improves patient-related outcomes.

Chakravarthy, Bharath; ter Haar, Elizabeth; Bhat, Srinidhi Subraya; McCoy, Christopher Eric; Denmark, T. Kent; Lotfipour, Shahram

2011-01-01

256

Job Analysis Techniques for Restructuring Health Manpower Education and Training in the Navy Medical Department. Attachment 10. PT/OT QPCB Task Sort for Physical and Occupational Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is Attachment 10 of a set of 16 computer listed QPCB task sorts, by career level, for the entire Hospital Corps and Dental Technician fields. Statistical data are presented in tabular form for a detailed listing of job duties in physical and occupational therapy. (BT)

Technomics, Inc., McLean, VA.

257

Physics & The Detection of Medical X-Rays  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If Wilhelm Conrad RÃÂöntgen, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist were alive today, he would most likely heartily approve of this very informative and well-designed site dealing with the detection of medical x-rays. This site was created by the Physics Education Research Group at Kansas State University and it serves as a good introduction to the science behind the discovery and subsequent use of x-rays in a variety of medical settings. The site starts with a brief discussion of RÃÂöntgen's initial discovery of x-rays, and then goes on to offer a brief history of radiology. After that, visitors can learn about different detection methods, including the use of fluorescence film. One feature of the site that is most useful is the inclusion of links to other relevant sites that cover such topics as the concept of an x-ray dose and reduction measures. Overall, the site will be very welcome for beginning students of radiology and medical technology.

258

Medical Students' Perception of Their Educational Environment  

PubMed Central

Background: Students’ perception of the environment within which they study has shown to have a significant impact on their behavior, academic progress and sense of well-being. This study was undertaken to evaluate the students’ perception of their learning environment in an Indian medical school following traditional curricula and to study differences, if any, between the students according to the stages of medical education, i.e., the pre-clinical and clinical stages. Methodology: In the present study, the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) inventory was administered to undergraduate medical students of first (n = 227), third (n = 175), fifth (n = 171) and seventh (n = 123) semesters. Scores obtained were expressed as mean ± Standard Deviation (SD) and analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Dunnett’s test. P-value < 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: The mean DREEM score for our medical school was 123/200.The first-year students were found to be more satisfied with learning environment (indicated by their higher DREEM score) compared to other semester students. Progressive decline in scores with each successive semester was observed. Evaluating the sub-domains of perception, the registrars in all semesters had a more positive perception of learning (Average mean score: 29.44), their perception of course organizers moved in the right direction (Average mean score: 26.86), their academic self-perception was more on the positive side (Average mean score: 20.14), they had a more positive perception of atmosphere (Average mean score: 29.07) and their social self-perception could be graded as not too bad (Average mean score: 17.02). Conclusion: The present study revealed that all the groups of students perceived their learning environment positively. However, a few problematic areas of learning environment were perceived such as: students were stressed more often; they felt that the course organizers were authoritarian and emphasized factual learning. Implementing more problem-based learning, student counseling and workshops on teaching-learning for educators might enable us to remedy and enrich our learning environment.

Pai, Preethi G; Menezes, Vishma; Srikanth; Subramanian, Atreya M.; Shenoy, Jnaneshwara P.

2014-01-01

259

The Interactive Plasma Physics Education Experience  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of Princeton University's Plasma Physics Laboratory, the Interactive Plasma Physics Education Experience Web site contains interactive plasma physics topics, ranging from electricity and magnetism to energy and fusion. Although some of the activities have difficulty running on old browsers and Macintosh computers, the interactive lessons give students a fun and engaging way to explore physics topics.

2001-01-01

260

Physics Education in China: Some Basic Facts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several aspects of physics education in China. These include the school system, physics curriculum, physics textbooks and reference books used, preservice training for teachers of senior and middle schools, and in-service programs and activities for qualified physics teachers. (JN)

Cheng, K. M.

1984-01-01

261

Physical Education as "Means without Ends:" Towards a New Concept of Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is concerned with the educational value of raising the human body at school. Drawing inspiration from the work of Giorgio Agamben, I develop a new perspective that explores the possibility of taking the concept of physical education in a literal sense. This is to say that the specific educational content of physical education (in…

Vlieghe, Joris

2013-01-01

262

Pre-Service Physical Education Teachers' Beliefs about Competition in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discourse of competitive sport is, and has been, a defining feature of physical education for many years. Given the privileged and dominant position competition holds in physical education curricula, it is concerning that competitive physical education remains steeped in traditional pedagogies and that these pedagogies are constrained by…

Harvey, Stephen; O'Donovan, Toni M.

2013-01-01

263

High school physical education and physical activity in young women.  

PubMed

This study assessed if high school physical education experiences were related to physical activity behaviors of young women in college. Undergraduate women from three universities (N = 949) were surveyed concerning their experiences in high school physical education and their physical activity in six areas, aquatics, individual activities, physical conditioning, outdoor adventure, rhythmic activities, and team activities. Analysis indicated that women who completed courses with a diverse curriculum containing content from four of the six categories investigated reported significantly more cardiovascular endurance activities and individual/team sports participation than respondents who completed courses with low curriculum diversity. Results indicate that providing diverse curricular experiences for girls in high school physical education is associated with higher physical activity as young adults. PMID:17688140

Mears, Derrick

2007-06-01

264

Faculty development in medical education research: a cooperative model.  

PubMed

As the definition of scholarship is clarified, each specialty should develop a cadre of medical education researchers who can design, test, and optimize educational interventions. In 2004, the Association for American Medical Colleges' Group on Educational Affairs developed the Medical Education Research Certificate (MERC) program to provide a curriculum to help medical educators acquire or enhance skills in medical education research, to promote effective collaboration with seasoned researchers, and to create better consumers of medical education scholarship. MERC courses are offered to individuals during educational meetings. Educational leaders in emergency medicine (EM) identified a disparity between the "scholarship of teaching" and medical education research skills, and they collaborated with the MERC steering committee to develop a mentored faculty development program in medical education research. A planning committee comprising experienced medical education researchers who are also board-certified, full-time EM faculty members designed a novel approach to the MERC curriculum: a mentored team approach to learning, grounded in collaborative medical education research projects. The planning committee identified areas of research interest among participants and formed working groups to collaborate on research projects during standard MERC workshops. Rather than focusing on individual questions during the course, each mentored group identified a single study hypothesis. After completing the first three workshops, group members worked under their mentors' guidance on their multiinstitutional research projects. The expected benefits of this approach to MERC include establishing a research community network, creating projects whose enrollments offer a multiinstitutional dimension, and developing a cadre of trained education researchers in EM. PMID:20520036

Coates, Wendy C; Love, Jeffrey N; Santen, Sally A; Hobgood, Cherri D; Mavis, Brian E; Maggio, Lauren A; Farrell, Susan E

2010-05-01

265

Enhancing Content Literacy in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines content literacy's role in physical education,elaborating on several general and specific strategies that physical educators can use to build both content learning and general literacy skills (e.g., journal writing, posting articles about sports and athletics, and completing peer observations). The paper also suggests ways of assessing…

Buell, Cathy; Whittaker, Andrea

2001-01-01

266

Using Cooperative Learning Structures in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has determined that cooperative learning has positive effects in physical education. This article presents five important components of cooperative learning to help physical educators maximize learning (team formation, positive interdependence, individual accountability, positive social interaction, and group processing), describing five…

Dyson, Ben; Grineski, Steve

2001-01-01

267

Physics Teacher Education Coalition Project Synopsis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Physics Teacher Education Coalition (PhysTEC) is to improve and promote the education of future physics teachers. This 4-page synopsis provides a description of the key components, initiatives and outcomes of the PhysTEC project. It also details the key project successes and an overview of the supported sites and member institutions.

2012-03-29

268

Organizational Patterns for Instruction in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet helps physical educators and administrators organize physical education time allotment, personnel, and student grouping structures under various organizational patterns. Specific articles dealing with ways in which schools have accommodated innovative patterns were included. Some of the programs dealt with organizational patterns in…

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

269

Brown bodies, racialisation and physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how school physical education (PE) can both reinforce stereotyped notions of the brown body as inherently physical while also allowing young people to gain educational success. Drawing on a critical ethnographic study of M?ori and Pasifika (Pacific Island) youth in PE in New Zealand, the article explores how the academic status of PE, and its alignment with

Katie Fitzpatrick

2011-01-01

270

Are Physical Education Majors Models for Fitness?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) (2002) has taken a firm stance on the importance of adequate fitness levels of physical education teachers stating that they have the responsibility to model an active lifestyle and to promote fitness behaviors. Since the NASPE declaration, national initiatives like Let's Move…

Kamla, James; Snyder, Ben; Tanner, Lori; Wash, Pamela

2012-01-01

271

Coeducational Elective Physical Education Handbook. Secondary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a handbook on coeducational elective physical education for secondary students. It begins by listing and discussing 10 objectives of elective physical education. The next section contains information on organizing the elective program including preparing the schedule, long range planning, registration, record keeping and grading, testing…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

272

Teaching Physical Education to Mentally Retarded Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Methods for teaching physical education activities and skills to mentally retarded children are presented. General objectives are listed and the physical education program is outlined. Hints are offered for teaching the retarded child; and basic skills and rhythms are described. The following are then described; rhythm games, a volleyball unit and…

Davis, Patricia A.

273

Ideas for Secondary School Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains descriptions of secondary school physical education programs. The programs described fall into the following categories: (1) career/leadership programs, (2) contract/individualized instruction programs, (3) elective physical education programs, (4) motivational programs, (5) outdoor/environmental programs, (6)…

Barry, Patricia E., Ed.

274

Brown Bodies, Racialisation and physical education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how school physical education (PE) can both reinforce stereotyped notions of the brown body as inherently physical while also allowing young people to gain educational success. Drawing on a critical ethnographic study of Maori and Pasifika (Pacific Island) youth in PE in New Zealand, the article explores how the academic…

Fitzpatrick, Katie

2013-01-01

275

Helping New Teachers Liven up Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors offer strategies to help beginner physical education teachers increase the tempo of their classes. Most of these ideas are applicable to any physical education setting and grade level. After incorporating some of these strategies into daily lesson plans beginner teachers should see an increase in student energy levels…

Stewart, Amanda; Elliott, Steve

2005-01-01

276

Appropriate Instructional Practices in Elementary Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching and learning in physical education at the elementary level should be a time filled with excitement and fun for both teachers and students. Children by nature are inquisitive and bring an abundance of energy into the learning environment. Physical educators who are able to harness this student energy in positive ways are able to…

Subramaniam, Prithwi Raj

2011-01-01

277

Primary Teachers, Policy, and Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the challenges arising for primary school teachers who have responsibility for teaching physical education (PE) and who are working in particularly complex and contestable policy contexts. In New Zealand provision of physical education is identified as occurring amidst multiple, and not necessarily compatible, sets of…

Petrie, Kirsten; lisahunter,

2011-01-01

278

Inclusion and Burnout in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between inclusion and burnout in physical education teaching. Data were collected from a sample of elementary school physical education (PE) teachers from all six districts in Israel. The research questionnaire included three parts: personal and occupational background, Friedman's Burnout index and work…

Fejgin, Naomi; Talmor, Rachel; Erlich, Ilana

2005-01-01

279

Implementing Active Homework in Secondary Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past decade, physical education has gone through some tough times. Between increased pressures to succeed on standardized testing, which has resulted in increased classroom time and decreased time in the gym, and tight budgets, children are not getting the quality physical education they deserve. The "2012 Shape of the Nation…

St. Ours, Elizabeth; Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin A.

2013-01-01

280

Creative Administration in Physical Education and Athletics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is designed to introduce to college physical education majors modern principles in physical education/athletics administration. Topic areas include: (1) a discussion of creative administration; (2) roles and goals in administration; (3) organizational patterns and principles; (4) innovation in curriculum; (5) athletics administration;…

Pestolesi, Robert A.; Sinclair, William Andrew

281

Physical Education and Recreation in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical education and research programs, and recreational and athletic facilities, in Yugoslavia, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, England, and the U.S.S.R. are examined by two faculty members from the University of Alberta. This publication is an abridgement of their report on European approaches to physical education and recreation, giving their…

Howell, M. L.; Van Vliet, M. L.

282

High School Students' Physical Education Conceptual Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of conceptual physical education knowledge has long been acknowledged (American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, 1969; Kneer, 1981; NASPE, 1995) yet has not been formally measured or assessed. Seven multiple choice tests with established validity and reliability (Ayers, 2001b) were used to assess the concepts…

Ayers, Suzan F.

2004-01-01

283

Educational Gymnastics: Enhancing Children's Physical Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtually all current physical education curriculum guides and textbooks include sections on learner outcomes based on the national standards for physical education, which often refer to gymnastics skills. Gymnastics is a perfect venue for teaching movement concepts, developing and maintaining overall body fitness, fostering personal and social…

Baumgarten, Sam; Pagnano-Richardson, Karen

2010-01-01

284

Physical Education with a Heartbeat. Part 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heart-rate monitors can be effective in physical education teacher preparation programs and physical education classrooms. The article explains how to use heart-rate monitors and describes the coursework and lab experiences that introduce students to the monitors and teach a higher level of understanding and use of the technology. (SM)

Strand, Brad; Mathesius, Peter

1995-01-01

285

Bring Snowshoes into Your Physical Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the integration of snow sports, particularly snowshoeing into the physical education programs by school districts. Here, the author discusses the fitness benefits gained by students in snowshoeing. Among other things, the author mentions that information on how to integrate snow sports into a physical education program is…

Tarallo, Mary Jo

2004-01-01

286

Physical Education Teachers' Organizational Commitment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to determine physical education teachers' organizational commitment levels. The sample consisted of 204 physical education teachers working in the city center of Konya in the 2011 to 2012 academic year. The respondents were randomly selected in this research. Data collected for this research by using the Scale for…

Demir, Hayri

2013-01-01

287

Alcohol medical scholars program--a mentorship program for improving medical education regarding substance use disorders.  

PubMed

The Alcohol Medical Scholars Program (AMSP) is designed to improve medical education related to substance use disorders (SUDs) through mentorship of junior, full-time academic faculty from medical schools across the United States. Scholarship focuses on literature review and synthesis, lecture development and delivery, increasing SUD education in their medical schools, professional development, and networking. Results are reported from an anonymous survey of self-reported changes in educational involvement by 28 of 33 AMSP graduates. Participation was associated with a 4-fold increase in yearly SUD lecture time and topics, increased numbers of medical disciplines taught and trained in clinical rotations, design of new SUD-related electives and journal clubs, and membership on medical education committees. Sixty percent of scholars reported promotion since involvement in AMSP, with the majority endorsing the organization's contribution to professional development. AMSP is a useful mentorship model for junior faculty and is associated with increasing SUD-related medical education. PMID:21660871

Neufeld, Karin J; Schuckit, Marc A; Hernandez-Avila, Carlos A

2011-07-01

288

"LET US Play": Maximizing Physical Activity "in" Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools have been identified as a promising setting for increasing youth physical activity levels because of their broad reach and the amount of time youth spend in attendance. Specifically, physical education is one key time during the school day where youth can accumulate health-enhancing levels of physical activity. Indicators of quality…

Weaver, R. Glenn; Webster, Collin; Beets, Michael W.

2013-01-01

289

Courtside: Coed Physical Education and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Title IX promotes sex fairness in education programs receiving federal funding, including physical education (PE). It states that PE classes may not be segregated by sex except under very specific conditions. This paper presents scenarios that examine what Title IX's PE requirements mean in practice, concluding that educators must understand its…

Carpenter, Linda Jean; Acosta, R. Vivian

2001-01-01

290

Information-Technology Based Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing countries emphasize expansion of the educated population but demand for quality improvement follows later. Current science education reform is driven in part by post cold war restructuring of the global economy and associated focus on the education of a more scientifically literate society, due to the industrial change from labor-intensive to high-technology type, and the societal change inherent in the present information era. Industry needs employees of broad and flexible background with inter disciplinary training, engineers with better physics training, and well trained physicists. Education researches have proved that active-learning based methods are superior to the traditional methods and the information technology (IT) has lot to offer in this. Use of IT for improving physics education is briefly discussed with prospects for collaboration in the Asia-Pacific region via Asian Physics Education Network (ASPEN), UNESCO University Foundation Course in Physics (UUFCP), etc.

Kim, J. S.; Lee, K. H.

2001-04-01

291

Medical Students' Impressions and Satisfactions from Medical Professional Skill Education Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

(Background) To help us understand the medical students' reflections about professional skill educations we conducted a study on medical students' conceptions of selected medical phenomena, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CPR. (Methods) The study was conducted in January 2008, using a sample consisting of medical students from one of the…

Ongel, Kurtulus; Mergen, Haluk; Kayacan, Hacer; Yildizhan, Alpaslan

2008-01-01

292

Canadian Medical Education Statistics, 1980/81 = Statistiques Relatives a l'enseignement Medical au Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data for 1980-1981 pertaining to medical education in Canada are presented. Information about Canadian medical schools, population of Canada by province and distribution of medical school openings, tuition, payment scales for post-M.D. clinical trainees, clinical clerkship stipends, and numbers of Canadian medical schools offering instruction in…

Association of Canadian Medical Colleges, Ottawa (Ontario).

293

Medical Student Attitudes about Mental Illness: Does Medical-School Education Reduce Stigma?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Reducing stigma associated with mental illness is an important aim of medical education, yet evidence indicates that medical students' attitudes toward patients with mental health problems deteriorate as they progress through medical school. Objectives: Authors examined medical students' attitudes to mental illness, as compared with…

Korszun, Ania; Dinos, Sokratis; Ahmed, Kamran; Bhui, Kamaldeep

2012-01-01

294

Consumer Needs in Physical Education and Athletics in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a study that examined the consumer needs in higher education from 1991-94 in the discipline of physical education and athletics. Using data from the Chronicle of Higher Education (1991-94), the study examined and categorized types of positions advertised. Requests for exercise physiologists ranked first, followed by pedagogy,…

Rowe, Joanne

1996-01-01

295

Becoming a medical educator: motivation, socialisation and navigation  

PubMed Central

Background Despite an increasing concern about a future shortage of medical educators, little published research exists on career choices in medical education nor the impact of specific training posts in medical education (e.g. academic registrar/resident positions). Medical educators at all levels, from both medical and non-medical backgrounds, are crucial for the training of medical students, junior doctors and in continuing professional development. We explored the motivations and experiences of junior doctors considering an education career and undertaking a medical education registrar (MER) post. Methods Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with junior doctors and clinicians across Queensland Health. Framework analysis was used to identify themes in the data, based on our defined research questions and the medical education workforce issues prompting the study. We applied socio-cognitive career theory to guide our analysis and to explore the experience of junior doctors in medical education registrar posts as they enter, navigate and fulfil the role. Results We identified six key themes in the data: motivation for career choice and wanting to provide better education; personal goals, expectations and the need for self-direction; the influence of role models; defining one’s identity; support networks and the need for research as a potential barrier to pursuing a career in/with education. We also identified the similarities and differences between the MERs’ experiences to develop a composite of an MER’s journey through career choice, experience in role and outcomes. Conclusions There is growing interest from junior doctors in pursuing education pathways in a clinical environment. They want to enhance clinical teaching in the hospitals and become specialists with an interest in education, and have no particular interest in research or academia. This has implications for the recruitment and training of the next generation of clinical educators.

2014-01-01

296

BEME Guide No. 1: Best Evidence Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need to move from opinion-based education to evidence-based education. Describes best evidence medical education (BEME) as implemented by teachers in their practice of methods and approaches to education based on the best evidence available. (Author/CCM)

Harden, R. M.; Grant, Janet; Buckley, Graham; Hart, I. R.

1999-01-01

297

[Medical physics. Perspectives of organizing a new specialty].  

PubMed

A case is made for setting up a new certificate program "Medical Physics". This would take care of specialists certified in physics and applied technological disciplines who work in hospitals and, particularly, radiological wards. The Association of Medical Physicists of Russia, established in 1991, is making a considerable contribution to the training of medical physicists in full conformity with recommendations of international organization and agencies. PMID:9432801

Ratner, T G

1997-01-01

298

Friendship, physicality, and physical education: an exploration of the social and embodied dynamics of girls’ physical education experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical education represents a dynamic social space where students experience and interpret physicality in a context that accentuates peer relationships and privileges particular forms of embodiment. This article focuses on girls’ understandings of physicality with respect to the organisation of physical education and more informal social networks. Research exploring the connections between the body, capital, physical activity, and femininity and

Laura Hills

2007-01-01

299

Twelve tips on teaching and learning humanism in medical education.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: The teaching of humanistic values is recognized as an essential component of medical education and continuing professional development of physicians. The application of humanistic values in medical care can benefit medical students, clinicians and patients. Aims: This article presents 12 tips on fostering humanistic values in medical education. Method: The authors reviewed the literature and present 12 practical tips that are relevant to contemporary practices. Results: The tips can be used in teaching and sustaining humanistic values in medical education. Conclusions: Humanistic values can be incorporated in formal preclinical environments, the transition into clinical settings, medical curricula and clinical clerkships. Additionally, steps can be taken so that medical educators and institutions promote and sustain humanistic values. PMID:24965585

Cohen, Libby Gordon; Sherif, Youmna Ashraf

2014-08-01

300

What can physics teachers learn from research in physics education?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research in physics education can be useful in various ways but should not be the only source of help for teachers. Any answer to the question in the title depends upon what the questioner understands by research in physics education and by the purposes that such research may be assumed to serve. The author suggests that while physics teachers may learn much from research in physics education, the findings of educational research may not be the most obvious or important way of improving practice, or of raising the professional standing of science teachers. Such a suggestion does not devalue educational research or deny its importance to physics teachers' work. Rather, as the author hopes to show, it rests upon a more generous understanding of what is meant by educational research and demands a more realistic acknowledgment of the complex and mediated relationship between research and educational policy and practice. Because of that complexity and mediation, it is always going to be difficult to isolate or measure the impact of any research on how physics teachers think about, and conduct, their work in classrooms and laboratories.

Jenkins, Edgar

2006-12-07

301

Tele-education: the virtual medical laboratory.  

PubMed

The virtual medical laboratory (VML) was conceived to provide an Internet-accessible resource, offering access for clinicians and scientists to an invaluable data archive at the institute of Laryngology and Otology, London. The Institute is home to the largest collection of temporal bone, laryngeal, skull and sinus sections in Europe. The skull and sinus collections include an extensive section consisting of animal material. These were contributions from zoos around the world. Over the last 50 years, samples have been carefully sectioned and stained by specialized technicians to produce histology slices of most regions of the head and neck. The aim of the project is to create a virtual medical laboratory, which will provide access to archived histological material as well as computerized tomography and magnetic resonance data. Central to this aim is the reconstruction of the internal anatomy of the temporal bone from two-dimensional histology slices, to create three-dimensional views that can be used for anatomical simulation and surgical training in otolaryngology. State-of-the-art three-dimensional reconstruction and rendering technology allows us to develop such a model. Computer-generated simulation could be made available to all hospitals in which otolaryngology is practised, via digital communication networks. We aim to develop core technology in our own specialty that is applicable to other fields of higher education, which have not been exposed to such modern teaching modalities. This has the potential to become an invaluable teaching resource for anatomists, surgeons and other scientists. PMID:9218394

Alusi, G H; Tan, A C; Campos, J C; Linney, A; Wright, A

1997-01-01

302

Statement of New Mexico Regional Medical Program Health Education Group on Health Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An organizational plan for consumer health education activities of the New Mexico Regional Medical Programs' Health Education Group (HEG) is presented. Health education is defined, and the purpose, organization, and planning base of the HEG are described....

1973-01-01

303

2004 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2004 Physics Education Research (PER) Conference brought together researchers in how we teach physics and how it is learned. Student understanding of concepts, the efficacy of different pedagogical techniques, and the importance of student attitudes towards physics and knowledge were all discussed. These Proceedings capture an important snapshot of the PER community, containing a broad collection of research papers of work in progress.

2009-10-13

304

Interactive Video Games in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the obesity epidemic in the United States spreads among children and teenagers, due in part to sedentary lifestyles, some physical education programs are using interactive video games to keep students engaged in physical activity. These innovative games make physical activity fun and challenging for both high- and low-skilled students. Although…

Trout, Josh; Christie, Brett

2007-01-01

305

Setting Quality Standards for Web-Based Continuing Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing medical education (CME) on the Internet has grown steadily over the past several years. However, the quality of Web-based CME has received limited attention in the medical literature, and there have been few attempts to articulate quality standards. This article describes five sets of standards published in the distance education

Olson, Curtis A.; Shershneva, Marianna B.

2004-01-01

306

Graduate Medical Education and Public Policy: A Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes graduate medical education (GME) in the United States and outlines some options for future policy related to GME. GME is the process of providing academic and clinical education to physicians after they have graduated from an accredited medical school. GME typically occurs in teaching hospitals or other health care settings.…

Henderson, Tim

307

Promoting Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Trainees Addressing Siloed Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Professional siloing within medical institutions has been identified as a problem in medical education, including resident training. The authors discuss how trainees from different disciplines can collaborate to address this problem. Method: A group of trainees from psychiatry, developmental medicine, neurology, and education came…

Kitts, Robert Li; Christodoulou, Joanna; Goldman, Stuart

2011-01-01

308

A Proposed Framework for Accreditation of Online Continuing Medical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuing medical education tends to be considered compulsory in most countries although it is described by the Union of Euro pean Medical Specialists as an ethical duty. Accreditation of CME and allocation of credits is not yet mandatory in the EU but it is important for providers of educational activities to meet certain quality criteria so as to be prepared

Panagiotis D. Bamidis; Maria M. Nikolaidou; Stathis Th. Konstantinidis; Costas Pappas

2007-01-01

309

Medical Education and the Physician Workforce of Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lack of resources in a country experiencing decades of successive wars, blockade, administrative corruption, and poor governance led to deteriorated standards throughout medical education. Although professional certification programs exist, continuing medical education accreditation and credit systems are required to monitor and certify the…

Al Mosawi, Aamir Jalal

2008-01-01

310

Foreword: Changing Perspectives on Sex and Gender in Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces this theme issue dealing with women's health and medical education and discusses the distinction between sex, as biologically based differences, and gender, qualities that are culturally shaped. The current plurality of efforts in women's health provide a new organizational framework for medicine and changes in medical education. (SLD)

Hoffman, Eileen; Magrane, Diane; Donoghue, Glenda D.

2000-01-01

311

World Federation for Medical Education Policy on international recognition of medical schools' programme.  

PubMed

The increasing globalisation of medicine, as manifested in the migration rate of medical doctors and in the growth of cross-border education providers, has inflicted a wave of quality assurance efforts in medical education, and underlined the need for definition of standards and for introduction of effective and transparent accreditation systems. In 2004, reflecting the importance of the interface between medical education and the healthcare delivery sector, a World Health Organization (WHO)/World Federation for Medical Education (WFME) Strategic Partnership to improve medical education was formed. In 2005, the partnership published Guidelines for Accreditation of Basic Medical Education. The WHO/WFME Guidelines recommend the establishment of proper accreditation systems that are effective, independent, transparent and based on medical education-specific criteria. An important prerequisite for this development was the WFME Global Standards programme, initiated in 1997 and widely endorsed. The standards are now being used in all 6 WHO/WFME regions as a basis for quality improvement of medical education throughout its continuum and as a template for national and regional accreditation standards. Promotion of national accreditation systems will have a pivotal influence on future international appraisal of medical education. Information about accreditation status - the agencies involved and the criteria and procedure used - will be an essential component of new Global Directories of Health Professions Educational Institutions. According to an agreement between the WHO and the University of Copenhagen (UC), these Directories (the Avicenna Directories) will be developed and published by the UC with the assistance of the WFME, starting with renewal of the WHO World Directory of Medical Schools, and sequentially expanding to cover educational institutions for other health professions. The Directories will be a foundation for international meta-recognition ("accrediting the accreditors") of educational institutions and their programmes. PMID:19159040

Karle, Hans

2008-12-01

312

Pre-Service Physics Teachers and Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Training pre-service teachers requires, among other things, content knowledge, pedagogical skills and pedagogical content knowledge. Teacher preparation programs have little, if any spare time to add more courses/activities to their program. However, I argue in this paper that we, as educators, must enhance the amount of physics education research in our pre-service physics teacher training programs. In this study, I analyze the results of two different types of exposure to physics education research (PER) from two different groups of pre-service physics teachers in our masters of arts and teaching program. The preliminary results show, for example that the PER helped the pre-service teachers increase their understanding of student thought processes while they solved problems. Physics teachers must have this type of ability to be successful in the classroom.

Rosengrant, David

2010-12-31

313

Education and research in medical optronics in France  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

First we present here the main post-graduate courses proposed in France both for physicians and engineers in medical optronics. After we explain which medical domains are concerned by this teaching, essentially computer assisted surgery, telemedicine and functional exploration. Then we show the main research axes in these fields, in which new jobs have to be invented and new educational approaches have to be prepared in order to satisfy the demand coming both from hospitals (mainly referent hospitals) and from industry (essentially medical imaging and instrumentation companies). Finally we will conclude that medical optronics is an important step in an entire chain of acquisition and processing of medical data, capable to create the medical knowledge a surgeon or a physician needs for diagnosis or therapy purposes. Optimizing the teaching of medical optronics needs a complete integration from acquiring to modeling the medical reality. This tendency to give a holistic education in medical imaging and instrumentation is called `Model driven Acquisition' learning.

Demongeot, Jacques; Fleute, M.; Herve, T.; Lavallee, Stephane

2000-06-01

314

Systematic Review of Educational Interventions to Improve Glaucoma Medication Adherence  

PubMed Central

Adherence to prescribed glaucoma medications is often poor, and proper adherence can be challenging for patients. We systematically reviewed the literature and identified eight studies using educational interventions to improve glaucoma medication adherence. Overall, five of the eight studies found that educational interventions lead to a significant improvement in medication adherence, and the remaining studies found a trend towards improvement. Using information from this systematic review and Health Behavior Theory, we constructed a conceptual framework to illustrate how counseling and education can improve glaucoma medication adherence. More rigorous studies grounded in Health Behavior Theory with adequately powered samples and longer follow-up are needed.

Newman-Casey, Paula Anne; Weizer, Jennifer S.; Heisler, Michele; Lee, Paul P.; Stein, Joshua D.

2014-01-01

315

Physics and the revised Medical College Admission Test  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics has played an important role in the preparation of future physicians and other health professionals for more than 100 years. Almost all pre-health students take a year of college-level physics as part of their preparation for medical, dental, and pharmacy school. In particular, the widely-used Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) contains a significant number of questions that require physics knowledge and skills. This paper describes the changes in the MCAT to be implemented in 2015, the role of physics in the revised MCAT, and implications for introductory physics courses for the life sciences.

Hilborn, Robert C.

2014-05-01

316

The Bologna process, medical education and integrated learning.  

PubMed

The Bologna Declaration, signed in 1999 by all European Ministers of Education and currently in a phase of active implementation in Europe, specifies a three-cycle degree structure - Bachelor's, Master's, Doctorate - for all disciplines in Higher Education. The application of this model to medical education has been opposed on various grounds. In particular, a 'Ba/Ma' model for undergraduate medical degrees has been viewed as undoing recent progress towards fully integrated learning of basic and clinical medical sciences. However, this can be overcome by the use of a learning outcomes framework, agreed at European level, that reinforces the primarily medical nature of both degrees and which requires integrated teaching, learning and assessment at every stage. With this proviso, application of the Bologna principles to medicine can help to drive educational development and quality enhancement in European medical education. PMID:20353328

Cumming, Allan

2010-01-01

317

The Government-Medical Education Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues addressed in this speech to the Association of American Medical Colleges include: oversupply of doctors, geographic maldistribution, demographic changes needed by medical schools, federal strategies, medical ethics, preventive medicine, and the economics of health care.

Califano, Joseph A., Jr.

1979-01-01

318

Reflective Practice in Physical Education and Physical Education Teacher Education: A Review of the Literature since 1995  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection and reflective practice are key concepts in the educational literature as well as in research on physical education (PE) and physical education teacher education (PETE). The purpose of this article is to review the current empirical knowledge base for reflection and reflective practice in PE and PETE from 1995 to 2011. The review…

Standal, Oyvind F.; Moe, Vegard F.

2013-01-01

319

Transfer of Students' Learning: Physics to Medical Imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many of the diagnostic devices which are used by physicians have their technological foundation in contemporary physics. To understand techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), students require knowledge of nuclear and quantum physics and must also transfer learning that they have learned in classical physics or every day life to these medical applications. Our

Dean Zollman; Bijaya Aryal; Spartak Kalita

320

A Profile of the Introduction to Adapted Physical Education Course within Undergraduate Physical Education Teacher Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the profile, content, delivery mechanism, and application of teaching standards, National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) and Adapted Physical Education National Standards (APENS), within the Introduction to Adapted Physical Education (APE) course for college/university PETE preparation…

Piletic, Cindy K.; Davis, Ron

2010-01-01

321

The Place of Behavioral Science in Medical Education and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological and social changes have left the medical profession without theory and content needed to adapt, making it essential to upgrade teaching of behavioral sciences in medical education. Despite their breadth and lack of definition relative to medical science, behavioral sciences provide a functional area that mediates between the patient…

Bolman, William M.

1995-01-01

322

Summary of Closed Circuit Television Activities in Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 1967 summary of closed circuit television (CCTV) activities in medical education presents descriptive information on 35 different medical institutions in Great Britain. Specific data on CCTV are offered by institution, equipment, and uses under each medical field: anatomy, anaesthetics, geriatrics, medicine, obstretrics and gynaecology,…

London Univ. (England). Inst. of Education.

323

Four Models of Medical Education about Elder Mistreatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describe four models of incorporating elder-mistreatment curriculum and collaboration with adult protective services into geriatrics medical education. Draws on efforts at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey--Robert Wood Johnson Medical School; the University of California, Irvine College of Medicine; Hennepin County Medical

Heath, John M.; Dyer, Carmel B.; Kerzner, Lawrence J.; Mosqueda, Laura; Murphy, Carole

2002-01-01

324

Expected Benefits of Streamlining Undergraduate Medical Education by Early Commitment to Specific Medical Specialties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate medical education is too long; it does not meet the needs for physicians' workforce; and its content is inconsistent with the job characteristics of some of its graduates. In this paper we attempt to respond to these problems by streamlining medical education along the following three reforms. First, high school graduates would be…

Benbassat, Jochanan; Baumal, Reuben

2012-01-01

325

The Importance of Ethnic Cultural Competency in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of cultural competency in physical education is unmistakable. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) has identified elements of cultural competency within both the National Standards for Physical Education and the National Standards and Guidelines for Physical Education Teacher Education. Although there…

Hansen, Ken

2014-01-01

326

Elementary Classroom Teachers Attitudes and Perspectives of Elementary Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical educators have long proclaimed that physical education class is an important academic discipline to a students' education. With learning objectives taking place in the affective, cognitive and psychomotor domains. Yet, physical education has been marginalized in today's society. One way to gain support of physical education is getting…

Barney, David; Deutsch, Joe

2009-01-01

327

Improving Health-Enhancing Physical Activity in Girls' Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention to increase levels of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during girls' physical education lessons. Two Year 7 classes (age 11-12 years) were randomly appointed to control and experimental groups. Both followed the same six-lesson unit of gymnastics with identical lesson…

Fairclough, S.; Stratton, G.

2005-01-01

328

Physical Activity Levels in Portuguese High School Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to evaluate the physical activity (PA) levels of high school Portuguese students during physical education (PE) and investigate the association of PA levels with students' goal orientation and intrinsic motivation. Forty-six students from three high schools participated. Heart rate telemetry and pedometry were used…

Marmeleira, Jose Francisco Filipe; Aldeias, Nuno Micael Carrasqueira; da Graca, Pedro Miguel dos Santos Medeira

2012-01-01

329

Connecting Research in Physics Education with Teacher Education - Volume 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online book is the second volume in a series to make available the results of Physics Education Research worldwide to those involved in physics education. This volume is organized into four parts: Section A, "About Physics," aims to convey a sense of the organization of scientific knowledge, its language and the relation between science and technology. Section B, "About learning," reports new research results about conceptual understanding, the development of skills/values, and the role of international competitions in learning. Section C, "About teaching," deals with the issue of the skills needed in didactical communication, the use of the history of physics as a teaching tool, and the problems of disciplinary knowledge from a pedagogical viewpoint. Section D, "Technologies for learning and teaching," concerns experimental activities proposed in the classroom, the role of distance education, and the use of ICT-based approaches. The work targets teacher educators, the Physics Education Research community, physics educators, physicists, and policy makers with an interest in teacher education.

2010-03-11

330

2003 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2003 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings contains peer-reviewed and invited papers based on oral presentations and posters. The papers span topics including: instructional assessment, data analysis, student understanding, and issues of learning.

2009-10-13

331

Elementary Physical Education Weekly Lesson Plan. Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is for the teaching of physical education to kindergarten students. Teaching procedures, warm-up activities, safety procedures, modifications, and athletic equipment needed are described for each of the specific activities in the weekly lesson plans. (CJ)

Anchorage Borough School District, AK.

332

Selected Periodicals in Sport and Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-one journals pertinent to the physical educator and to the professional in the areas of motor learning, sport philosophy, sport sociology, sport psychology, and sport medicine are listed with a general note on the scope of each. (JMF)

Crase, Darrell

1979-01-01

333

Safety Problems in Physical Education and Athletics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issues of accident and injury prevention, and safety in physical education programs are discussed in terms of hazard identification and reduction, compensation for unavoidable risks, and avoidance of unnecessary hazards. (JMF)

Loft, Bernard I.

1981-01-01

334

Designing and Implementing Effective Adapted Physical Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Designing and Implementing Effective Adapted Physical Education Programs" was written to assist adapted and general physical educators who are dedicated to ensuring that the physical and motor needs of all their students are addressed in physical education. While it is anticipated that adapted physical educators, where available, will typically…

Kelly, Luke E.

2011-01-01

335

Student-Centered Physical Education on a Shoestring Budget  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationwide, only 56% of students attended physical education class on one or more days per week, and only 33% of students attended physical education daily in 2009. Physical educators have the responsibility to create positive experiences in physical education, as well as to develop physical skills and feelings of self-efficacy in their students.…

Treadwell, Sheri M.

2013-01-01

336

A Literary Canon in Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the 2005 Foundations and Frontiers of Physics Education Research (FFPER) conference, a subgroup of conferees met to generate a list of recommended articles in PER. The desired outcome was a concise list addressing the fundamental interests and issues of PER as articulated in works by the PER community. The canon is intended as a resource for new graduate students, faculty members entering the field, and physics educators who wish to familiarize themselves with seminal and exemplary research and curriculum development in PER.

Thompson, John R.; Ambrose, Bradley S.

2011-07-28

337

Electronic Medical Records and Their Impact on Resident and Medical Student Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Electronic medical records (EMRs) are becoming prevalent and integral tools for residents and medical students. EMRs can integrate point-of-service information delivery within the context of patient care. Though it may be an educational tool, little is known about how EMR technology is currently used for medical learners. Method: The…

Keenan, Craig R.; Nguyen, Hien H.; Srinivasan, Malathi

2006-01-01

338

A critical review of the core medical training curriculum in the UK: A medical education perspective  

PubMed Central

Summary This paper represents a systematic evaluation of the Core Medical Training Curriculum in the UK. The authors critically review the curriculum from a medical education perspective based mainly on the medical education literature as well as their personal experience of this curriculum. They conclude in practical recommendations and suggestions which, if adopted, could improve the design and implementation of this postgraduate curriculum. The systematic evaluation approach described in this paper is transferable to the evaluation of other undergraduate or postgraduate curricula, and could be a helpful guide for medical teachers involved in the delivery and evaluation of any medical curriculum

Gkotsi, Despoina; Panteliou, Eleftheria

2014-01-01

339

The effects of physical environments in medical wards on medication communication processes affecting patient safety.  

PubMed

Physical environments of clinical settings play an important role in health communication processes. Effective medication management requires seamless communication among health professionals of different disciplines. This paper explores how physical environments affect communication processes for managing medications and patient safety in acute care hospital settings. Findings highlighted the impact of environmental interruptions on communication processes about medications. In response to frequent interruptions and limited space within working environments, nurses, doctors and pharmacists developed adaptive practices in the local clinical context. Communication difficulties were associated with the ward physical layout, the controlled drug key and the medication retrieving device. Health professionals should be provided with opportunities to discuss the effects of ward environments on medication communication processes and how this impacts medication safety. Hospital administrators and architects need to consider health professionals' views and experiences when designing hospital spaces. PMID:24486620

Liu, Wei; Manias, Elizabeth; Gerdtz, Marie

2014-03-01

340

America 2000: Implications for Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paper examines how physical education can contribute to and work proactively toward each of the six national education goals in America 2000: readiness to learn, national graduation rates, competency in five core subjects, world class achievement in science and mathematics, literacy, and a positive learning environment. (SM)

Sadler, Wendell C.

1993-01-01

341

Preparing Prospective Physical Educators in Exercise Physiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the need for continued assessment of course content and instructional methods employed within physical education teacher education programs to deliver theoretical and applied information from the foundational subdiscipline of exercise physiology, describing an innovative course at one university (Exercise for School-Aged Children) which…

Bulger, Sean M.; Mohr, Derek J.; Carson, Linda M.; Robert, Darren L.; Wiegand, Robert L.

2000-01-01

342

Physical-Education Facilities/Recreation Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents K-12 and college physical education/recreation facilities considered outstanding in a competition, which judged the most outstanding learning environments at educational institutions nationwide. Jurors spent two days reviewing projects, highlighting unique concepts and ideas. For each citation, the article offers information on the firm,…

American School & University, 2003

2003-01-01

343

Ohio Physical Science Education Standards- 2011  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from the Great Lakes Fuel Cell Education Partnership contains a brief outline of the state of Ohio's physical science education standards for 2011. The document includes information about specific subjects and how they may be taught in conjunction with units on renewable energies such as solar energy, wind energy, fuel cells and biofuels. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2011-12-23

344

Physical Education in a Marine Studies Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Underwater Education and Research Program at Temple University is a multidisciplinary marine studies program which encompasses the School of Medicine and the Colleges of Liberal Arts, Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, and Engineering Technology. The program has two purposes: it is involved in many research studies, and its…

Leahy, Robert

1981-01-01

345

Dynamic Physical Education for Elementary School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers a functional, child-tested physical education program for elementary students. Chapters in the book discuss the following topics: (a) current educational and sociological trends; (b) rationale for the program; (c) guidelines for program planning; (d) organization for effective teaching; (e) basis of movement learning and…

Dauer, Victor P.; Pangrazi, Robert P.

346

Multiculturalism in Secondary School Physical Education Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…

Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose

2010-01-01

347

Promoting Positive Social Behavior in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ongoing challenge that both classroom and physical education teachers face on a daily basis is how to organize and manage large groups of students. This is particularly true in many urban settings where classrooms and gymnasiums are typically understaffed and/or under equipped. Educators in these settings often struggle with how to minimize…

Balderson, Daniel; Sharpe, Tom

2004-01-01

348

CRC Handbook of Medical Physics, vol 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, the care and testing of measurement and diagnostic instruments are described in detail. Difficulties encountered with therapeutic and diagnostic calibrations are explored and solutions are suggested. VOLUME II: Nuclear Medicine Imaging Instrumentation. Physics Principles of Computer Tomography. Diagnostic Ultrasound-Physical Principles and Equipment. Electroradiography (Xeroradiography) - Equipment and Initial Acceptance Tests. Purchasing Diagnostic X-Ray Equipment and Initial Acceptance

R. G. Waggener; J. G. Kereiakes; R. J. Shalek

1984-01-01

349

78 FR 27407 - Council on Graduate Medical Education; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on Graduate Medical Education (COGME). Date and...on Graduate Medical Education provides advice and...school graduates, the nature and financing of medical education training, and the development of performance...

2013-05-10

350

42 CFR 422.324 - Payments to MA organizations for graduate medical education costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...organizations for graduate medical education costs. (a) MA organizations...receive direct graduate medical education payments for the time that...as freestanding clinics, nursing homes, and physicians...receive direct graduate medical education payments if all of the...

2013-10-01

351

Knowledge Transfer of Microstrip Detectors: From Particle to Medical Physics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project is a demonstration of Knowledge Transfer. Knowledge in the fabrication, operation and application of radiation detectors originally developed for particle physics experiments has been exploited in diverse areas of research like medical applic...

S. Manolopoulos

2007-01-01

352

Solid state dosimeters used in medical physics "A review"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many solid-state detectors have been successfully used to perform the quality control and in vivo dosimetry in medical physics, both in diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy, as they have high sensitivity in a small volume; most of them do not require electrical connection and have dosimetric characteristics of interest such as: good accuracy and reproducibility, as well as a response independent of the energy of radiation, some of them. For this reason, the selection of an appropriate detector for use in medical physics must take into account the energy mass absorption coefficient relative to water for photon sources and the mass stopping power relative to water for beta emitters and electron beams in the energy range of interest in medical physics, as well as the effective atomic number of materials that constitute them. This paper presents a review of the dosimetric characteristics of the solid state dosimeters most suitable for use in medical physics.

Azorín-Nieto, Juan

2012-10-01

353

Provider Education about Glaucoma and Glaucoma Medications during Videotaped Medical Visits  

PubMed Central

Objective. The purpose of this study was to examine how patient, physician, and situational factors are associated with the extent to which providers educate patients about glaucoma and glaucoma medications, and which patient and provider characteristics are associated with whether providers educate patients about glaucoma and glaucoma medications. Methods. Patients with glaucoma who were newly prescribed or on glaucoma medications were recruited and a cross-sectional study was conducted at six ophthalmology clinics. Patients' visits were videotape recorded and patients were interviewed after visits. Generalized estimating equations were used to analyze the data. Results. Two hundred and seventy-nine patients participated. Providers were significantly more likely to educate patients about glaucoma and glaucoma medications if they were newly prescribed glaucoma medications. Providers were significantly less likely to educate African American patients about glaucoma. Providers were significantly less likely to educate patients of lower health literacy about glaucoma medications. Conclusion. Eye care providers did not always educate patients about glaucoma or glaucoma medications. Practice Implications. Providers should consider educating more patients about what glaucoma is and how it is treated so that glaucoma patients can better understand their disease. Even if a patient has already been educated once, it is important to reinforce what has been taught before.

Sleath, Betsy; Blalock, Susan J.; Carpenter, Delesha M.; Muir, Kelly W.; Sayner, Robyn; Lawrence, Scott; Giangiacomo, Annette L.; Hartnett, Mary Elizabeth; Tudor, Gail; Goldsmith, Jason; Robin, Alan L.

2014-01-01

354

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Health and Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

355

Steps to a Successful Physical Education Teacher Education Workshop  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe the steps to the development of a successful Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) workshop. PETE professors share a common goal for improving undergraduate pedagogy instruction. Pedagogy issues and concerns include curriculum decisions, field experience assignments, technology in the classroom,…

Maurer, Marcy R.; Jordan, Pat J.

2006-01-01

356

Individual Education Programs: Assessment and Evaluation in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents guidelines for assessment and evaluation procedures related to development of individual programs in physical education, with emphasis on the provisions of The Education for All Handicapped Children Act (P.L. 94-142) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (P.L. 93-112). Sections address the following topics:…

Practical Pointers, 1978

1978-01-01

357

What Can We Learn From Narratives in Medical Education?  

PubMed Central

Medical literature has demonstrated the effectiveness of narrative writing in enhancing self-reflection and empathy, which opens the door for deeper understanding of patients’ experiences of illness. Similarly, it promotes practitioner well-being. Therefore, it is no surprise that narrative writing finds a new home in medical education. The Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), through its Outcome Project, established six core competencies that every residency program must teach. However, no specific pedagogies were suggested. We explored the role that narrative writing can play in reconciling the ACGME core competencies with daily encounters in medical education. Our study suggests a hidden wealth in reflective writing through narratives with a promising potential for application in medical education. Reflective writing may turn out to be an innovative tool for teaching and evaluating ACGME core competencies.

Johna, Samir; Woodward, Brandon; Patel, Sunal

2014-01-01

358

What can we learn from narratives in medical education?  

PubMed

Medical literature has demonstrated the effectiveness of narrative writing in enhancing self-reflection and empathy, which opens the door for deeper understanding of patients' experiences of illness. Similarly, it promotes practitioner well-being. Therefore, it is no surprise that narrative writing finds a new home in medical education. The Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), through its Outcome Project, established six core competencies that every residency program must teach. However, no specific pedagogies were suggested. We explored the role that narrative writing can play in reconciling the ACGME core competencies with daily encounters in medical education. Our study suggests a hidden wealth in reflective writing through narratives with a promising potential for application in medical education. Reflective writing may turn out to be an innovative tool for teaching and evaluating ACGME core competencies. PMID:24867554

Johna, Samir; Woodward, Brandon; Patel, Sunal

2014-01-01

359

Popularity of Russian information sources of medical education.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study is to analyze the popularity of information sources of medical educational sites , medical information portal , medical portal for students <6years.net>, electronic library of medical literature , and . Three sites (, and <6years.net>) provide sources of medical literature, educational videos, medical histories, medical papers and medical popular literature. And three other sites (, and ) provide sources for electronic medical books on various subjects. Using on-line programs Alexa and Cy-pr we have analyzed the website's rating and identified the main data and time-varying data of the sites. Calculated Alexa Rank rating was determined for each site. Our study has shown that the most popular information sources of medical education among the six studied sites for Russian users is ; the site is at the second place referring to the Alexa Rank rating and the site is at the second place referring to the citation index in Yandex. The most popular medical site of electronic medical books is . PMID:25000015

Vasilyeva, Irina V; Arseniev, Sergey B

2014-01-01

360

Education for Capability: An Example of Curriculum Change from Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case study of curriculum change in McMaster University's medical education program presents reasons, processes, and results of this change, with emphasis on education for capability. An approach to curriculum design for medical education is proposed, and questions are posed about defining needed competencies, fostering their development, and…

Neufeld, V. R.

1984-01-01

361

Educational Guide for the Physically Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum is designed to help teachers and administrators in providing effective education to physically handicapped students. Physically handicapped students are defined here as those who participate in regular public school programs on an integrated or self-contained basis with assistance from support staff who assist in all areas of…

Bailey, Rebecca J.; And Others

362

Management of Physical Education and Sport  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers a solid foundation of management concepts, skills, and techniques that enable students to develop and test the leadership, decision-making, and problem-solving required for their role in the profession of physical education and sport. The thirteenth edition continues to focus on the management and administration of physical

Krotee, March; Bucher, Charles

2006-01-01

363

Physical Education. Essay on Teaching Able Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The physical education program at Phillips Exeter Academy (New Hampshire) is designed to benefit students who, while being academically gifted, have the normal range of athletic aptitude and interests. The primary objective of the overall program is to develop individual abilities and promote physical fitness. While some students enjoy and…

Nekton, Kathy N.

364

The Ultimate Unit in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to promote physical activity among youth, students should be taught activities they enjoy, and have the opportunity to develop skill and proficiency. This approach might result in more individuals being physically active for a lifetime, and therefore, potentially reduce the risk and onset of many chronic diseases. As educators consider…

Heidorn, Brent; Weaver, R. Glenn

2011-01-01

365

Modelling Mathematical Reasoning in Physics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many findings from research as well as reports from teachers describe students' problem solving strategies as manipulation of formulas by rote. The resulting dissatisfaction with quantitative physical textbook problems seems to influence the attitude towards the role of mathematics in physics education in general. Mathematics is often seen as a…

Uhden, Olaf; Karam, Ricardo; Pietrocola, Mauricio; Pospiech, Gesche

2012-01-01

366

An Introduction to Primary Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical Education is a core component of the primary school curriculum. The primary years are perhaps the most significant period for motor development in children, a time during which basic movement competencies are developed and which offers the first opportunity for embedding physical activity as part of a healthy lifestyle. This is the first…

Griggs, Gerald, Ed.

2012-01-01

367

Physical Education Guide for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collaboration between teachers in Saint Lucia (West Indies) and Peace Corps volunteers offers a comprehensive physical education program for children and youth ages 10-18 years, including lesson plans, evaluation and assessment techniques, and psychological and physical growth and development characteristics for this age group. The program is…

Ministry of Education, Culture & Labour, Castries (St. Lucia).

368

Biomechanical Concepts for the Physical Educator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concepts and principles of biomechanics are familiar to the teacher of physical science as well as to the physical educator. The difference between the two instructors, however, is that one knows the language of science and the other provides an experientially rich environment to support acquisition of these concepts and principles. Use of…

Strohmeyer, H. Scott

2004-01-01

369

Experiences and Perceptions of Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research has studied how children and young people, who are deemed by their school to have social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD), experience the National Curriculum of Physical Education (PE) in England. Research has previously highlighted the physical, social, affective and cognitive benefits of participation in PE.…

Medcalf, Richard; Marshall, Joe; Hardman, Ken; Visser, John

2011-01-01

370

Quarked!--Adventures in Particle Physics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Particle physics is a subject that can send shivers down the spines of students and educators alike--with visions of long mathematical equations and inscrutable ideas. This perception, along with a full curriculum, often leaves this topic the road less traveled until the latter years of school. Particle physics, including quarks, is typically not…

MacDonald, Teresa; Bean, Alice

2009-01-01

371

Simulating educational physical experiments in augmented reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an augmented reality application for mechanics education. It utilizes a recent physics engine developed for the PC gaming market to simulate physical experiments in the domain of mechanics in real time. Students are enabled to actively build own experiments and study them in a three-dimensional virtual world. A variety of tools are provided to analyze forces, mass, paths

Hannes Kaufmann; Bernd Meyery

2008-01-01

372

Understanding Hemophilia. Implications for the Physical Educator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes hemophilia and ways to provide appropriate physical education experiences to children with hemophilia. The article focuses on what hemophilia is, how to treat hemophilia, benefits of physical activity, how to teach children with hemophilia, choosing and modifying sports and activities, and safety and emergency situations. (SM)

Coelho, Jeffrey D.

1998-01-01

373

2013 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The theme of the 2013 Physics Education Research (PER) Conference was "From Fearing Physics to Having Fun with Physics: Exploring the Affective Domain of Physics Learning from Multiple Perspectives." Responses to learning physics are strongly emotional, for better or worse. While many students fear physics, an implicit goal that drives many PER researchers is the desire to cultivate in our students a love of the discipline. Nonetheless, affective issues are rarely explicitly addressed in our research or curricula. This may reveal a tacit assumption within our community that such "hot cognition" has little bearing on the "cold cognition" conceptual goals of physics. Recent research calls such assumptions into question, and the goal of this PERC is to highlight research across many disciplines that demonstrate the role of affect in science education. While affect was once seen as a hindrance to cognition, this wide array of research seems to be converging towards a common theme: affect is fundamental to cognition. As a community, attending to affective issues in the teaching and learning of physics is pivotal to our understanding of students' engagement, achievement, and retention in the discipline. The central goal of PERC 2013 was to consider affect in physics education from multiple disciplinary perspectives. The sessions were designed to explicitly attend to affect in the teaching and learning of physics, in part by incorporating active engagement and experiential learning techniques. A preprint of the 2013 PERC Proceedings is attached. Full articles will become available between December 17-December 31, 2013.

2014-02-01

374

10 CFR 1046.11 - Medical and physical fitness qualification standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...§ 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...meet the applicable medical and physical fitness qualification standards as...

2010-01-01

375

10 CFR 1046.11 - Medical and physical fitness qualification standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...§ 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...meet the applicable medical and physical fitness qualification standards as...

2009-01-01

376

77 FR 20743 - Protective Force Personnel Medical, Physical Readiness, Training, and Access Authorization Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Protective Force Personnel Medical, Physical Readiness, Training, and Access Authorization...to amend the standards for medical, physical performance, training, and access authorizations...to revise the standards for medical, physical performance, training, and access...

2012-04-06

377

Medical Emergency Education in American Dental Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American dental schools were surveyed to determine the state of development of programs in medical emergencies in the dental curriculum. Results show that programs for teaching the diagnosis and management of medical emergencies are seriously underdeveloped in dental schools. (MLW)

Clark, Morris S.; And Others

1985-01-01

378

Research priorities in medical education: A national study  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: One preliminary step to strengthen medical education research would be determining the research priorities. The aim of this study was to determine the research priorities of medical education in Iran in 2007-2008. METHODS: This descriptive study was carried out in two phases. Phase one was performed in 3 stages and used Delphi technique among academic staffs of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The three stages included a brainstorming workshop for 140 faculty members and educational experts resulting in a list of research priorities, then, in the second and third stages 99 and 76 questionnaires were distributed among faculty members. In the second phase, the final questionnaires were mailed to educational research center managers of universities type I, II and III, and were distributed among 311 academic members and educational experts to rate the items on a numerical scale ranging from 1 to 10. RESULTS: The most important research priorities included faculty members’ development methods, faculty members’ motives, satisfaction and welfare, criteria and procedures of faculty members’ promotion, teaching methods and learning techniques, job descriptions and professional skills of graduates, quality management in education, second language, clinical education, science production in medicine, faculty evaluation and information technology. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the medial education research priorities in national level and in different types of medical universities in Iran. It is recommended that faculty members and research administrators consider the needs and requirements of education and plan the researches in education according to these priorities.

Tootoonchi, Mina; Yamani, Nikoo; Changiz, Tahereh; Yousefy, Alireza

2012-01-01

379

The Role of Classroom Teachers in Nutrition and Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nutrition education and physical education in schools is increasingly being explored as a way to prevent childhood overweight and to promote healthy eating and physical activity habits behaviors. Classroom teachers are often responsible for providing this education. The current study examined the roles and perspectives of elementary school teachers regarding student nutrition, nutrition education, and physical education. Data is from

Michael Prelip; Jennifer T. Erausquin; Wendelin Slusser; Stephanie Vecchiarelli

2006-01-01

380

Games for Multicultural Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students from diverse, multicultural families and backgrounds fill today's classrooms. Diversity encompasses ethnicity, gender, ability level, learning style, English language learners, socioeconomic status, and cultural values. Educators have a responsibility to offer inclusive curricula tailored to the needs of all students. Teaching…

Murphy, Kelle; Maeda, Julienne K.

2012-01-01

381

The Application of High Energy Physics Techniques in Medical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Medical and Biophysical Sciences have often made use of technical developments in the Physical Sciences. High Energy Physics has made its contributions in recent years by bringing the use of scintillation and solid state detectors in trace element detection and in gamma imaging. More recently, the use of position sensitive detectors such as Multi-wire Proportional Chambers (MWPC) has been

V. Perez-Mendez

1976-01-01

382

Effect of a Physical Examination Teaching Program on the Behavior of Medical Residents  

PubMed Central

Context The reliance on physical examination as a diagnostic aid is in decline. Objective To determine whether an educational program can increase the use of physical examination by medical residents. Design and Participants A series of educational workshops were provided to 47 second- and third-year medical residents at a large academic teaching hospital. Measurements Interns and students reported the frequency and depth of clinical examination performance on morning rounds by their residents before and up to six months after the workshops. Behavior before and after the workshops was compared using a mixed model. Results A total of 374 reports were returned (77% response). After adjusting for the type of service and observer, there was a statistically significant 23% increase (P=.02) in the performance of physical examination among residents who attended the course. Residents significantly increased the fraction of patients they examined on rounds (absolute increase 11%, P=.002) but did not increase the depth of their examination. The change was greatest on general medical teams, among whom the performance of physical examination had been least frequent. Teaching and feedback events on medicine teams by residents to their interns (2.8 and 1.1 events per 2 weeks, respectively) and medical students (5.9 and 2.8 events per 2 weeks, respectively) remained infrequent. Conclusions A skills improvement program can significantly increase the frequency of physical examination, but teaching and feedback events remain sporadic and infrequent.

McMahon, Graham T; Marina, Ovidiu; Kritek, Patricia A; Katz, Joel T

2005-01-01

383

Beliefs and Practices about Implementing Technology in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little research in the field of physical education on whether technology can help decrease the level of childhood obesity in physical education classes or on why physical educators choose to use or not use technology in their programs. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine physical educators' beliefs and practices…

Cain, Donald E., II.

2010-01-01

384

[Death education for medical personnel utilizing cinema].  

PubMed

Death and dying is an ultimate process that every human being must experience. However, in these days we do not like to think or discuss about death and dying. Actually, hatred and denial is the usual feeling when we encounter death and dying. Dying is more than a biological occurrence. It is a human, social, and spiritual event, but the spiritual dimension of patients is too often neglected. Whether death is viewed as a "wall" or as a "door" can have significantly important consequences for how we live our lives. Near death experience is one of the excellent evidences to prove that there should be spiritual component being separated from the human physical body when we experience death. People have called it soul, spirit, or nonlocal consciousness. Caregivers need to recognize and acknowledge the spiritual component of patient care. Learning about death and dying helps us encounter death in ways that are meaningful for our own lives. Among the several learning tools, utilizing cinema with its audio and visual components can be one of the most powerful learning tools in death education. PMID:23018534

Jung, Hyun Chae

2012-09-25

385

Evaluating the Performance of Academic Medical Education Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed an instrument to evaluate the performance of educational administrators at a Canadian medical school. After 3 yearly evaluations, 20 administrators and 80 evaluators acknowledged broader input into evaluation, but saw little evaluation-related improved performance. (SLD)

Guyatt, Gordon; Cook, Deborah; King, Derek; Nishikawa, James; Brill-Edwards, Patrick

1999-01-01

386

Introduction: Women's Health: A Catalyst for Reform of Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses curriculum reform in medical education to ensure that women's health issues receive adequate attention. There has been remarkable progress in this area, but the reforms have not yet been translated into equitable care for women patients. (SLD)

Donoghue, Glenda D.

2000-01-01

387

Judicious Use of Simulation Technology in Continuing Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Use of simulation-based training is fast becoming a vital source of experiential learning in medical education. Although simulation is a common tool for undergraduate and graduate medical education curricula, the utilization of simulation in continuing medical education (CME) is still an area of growth. As more CME programs turn to simulation to address their training needs, it is important to highlight concepts of simulation technology that can help to optimize learning outcomes. This article discusses the role of fidelity in medical simulation. It provides support from a cross section of simulation training domains for determining the appropriate levels of fidelity, and it offers guidelines for creating an optimal balance of skill practice and realism for efficient training outcomes. After defining fidelity, 3 dimensions of fidelity, drawn from the human factors literature, are discussed in terms of their relevance to medical simulation. From this, research-based guidelines are provided to inform CME providers regarding the use of simulation in CME training.

Curtis, Michael T.; DiazGranados, Deborah; Feldman, Moshe

2013-01-01

388

The importance of physics to progress in medical treatment.  

PubMed

Physics in therapy is as diverse as it is substantial. In this review, we highlight the role of physics--occasionally transitioning into engineering--through discussion of several established and emerging treatments. We specifically address minimal access surgery, ultrasound, photonics, and interventional MRI, identifying areas in which complementarity is being exploited. We also discuss some of the fundamental physical principles involved in the application of each treatment to medical practice. PMID:22516559

Melzer, Andreas; Cochran, Sandy; Prentice, Paul; MacDonald, Michael P; Wang, Zhigang; Cuschieri, Alfred

2012-04-21

389

A core curriculum for entering graduate medical education trainees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Graduate Medical Dental Education Consortium of Buffalo—consisting of the School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, the School of Dental Medicine, and eight affiliated hospitals of the University at Buffalo—developed a core curriculum of topics of multidisciplinary importance for the orientation of all first?year residents who will receive their graduate medical education (GME) training in the participating hospitals. More than

Glenda D. Donoghue; Nancy A. Glieco; Lewis M. Flint; John Naughton

1992-01-01

390

The Yale Plan of Medical Education: the early years.  

PubMed Central

This paper considers the early years of the Yale Plan of Medical Education, which has come to be called the Yale System. It chronicles and analyzes the incremental development of the System and considers evaluations of the plan and modifications introduced over time. Also considered are external factors which influenced design and implementation. The paper covers the period of medical education at Yale from the 1920s to the early 1950s.

Viseltear, A. J.

1986-01-01

391

Space physics education via examples in the undergraduate physics curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of space physics is rich with examples of basic physics and analysis techniques, yet it is rarely seen in physics courses or textbooks. As space physicists in an undergraduate physics department we like to use research to inform teaching, and we find that students respond well to examples from magnetospheric science. While we integrate examples into general education courses as well, this talk will focus on physics major courses. Space physics examples are typically selected to illustrate a particular concept or method taught in the course. Four examples will be discussed, from an introductory electricity and magnetism course, a mechanics/nonlinear dynamics course, a computational physics course, and a plasma physics course. Space physics provides examples of many concepts from introductory E&M, including the application of Faraday's law to terrestrial magnetic storm effects and the use of the basic motion of charged particles as a springboard to discussion of the inner magnetosphere and the aurora. In the mechanics and nonlinear dynamics courses, the motion of charged particles in a magnetotail current sheet magnetic field is treated as a Newtonian dynamical system, illustrating the Poincaré surface-of-section technique, the partitioning of phase space, and the KAM theorem. Neural network time series analysis of AE data is used as an example in the computational physics course. Finally, among several examples, current sheet particle dynamics is utilized in the plasma physics course to illustrate the notion of adiabatic/guiding center motion and the breakdown of the adiabatic approximation. We will present short descriptions of our pedagogy and student assignments in this "backdoor" method of space physics education.

Martin, R.; Holland, D. L.

2011-12-01

392

Republic of Korean Middle School General Physical Educator's Level of Empowerment in an Inclusive Physical Education Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There were two purposes of this dissertation. The first purpose was to determine the level of physical educator empowerment who teach in an inclusive physical education environment compared to the level of physical educator empowerment who teach in a noninclusive physical education environment. The second purpose was to compare the level of…

Yun, Seokmin

2011-01-01

393

Medical education in an electronic health record-mediated world.  

PubMed

This paper reflects on the extent to which we are preparing learners for practice in an electronic health record (EHR)-mediated world. We are currently training the last generation to remember a world without the Internet and the first who will practice in a largely EHR-mediated practice environment. We undertook a thematic review of the literature connecting medical education with e-health using the concepts of 'electronic health record' or 'electronic medical record' as a proxy for the broader notion of e-health. Our findings are more equivocal and cautious than earlier commentators might have expected and while there are examples of good practice and successful integration, the majority of articles we reviewed raised issues and problems with the current links between EHRs and medical education. Medical professionals in particular are quite ambivalent about many of the changes brought about by EHRs, and in the absence of changes in perception and practice it is likely that the connections between medical education and e-health will continue to be problematic. We hope that this paper will lead to an improved understanding of these problems and will serve to advance the discourse on how medical education should engage with the world of e-health and the world of e-health with medical education. PMID:23464893

Ellaway, Rachel H; Graves, Lisa; Greene, Peter S

2013-04-01

394

Challenges for medical educators: Results of a survey among members of the German association for medical education  

PubMed Central

Background: Despite the increasing interest in medical education in the German-speaking countries, there is currently no information available on the challenges which medical educators face. To address this problem, we carried out a web-based survey among the members of the Association for Medical Education (Gesellschaft für medizinische Ausbildung, GMA). Methods: A comprehensive survey was carried out on the need for further qualifications, expertise and the general conditions of medical educators in Germany. As part of this study, the educators were asked to list the three main challenges which they faced and which required urgent improvement. The results were analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. Results: The questionnaire was completed by 147 of the 373 members on the GMA mailing list (response rate: 39%). The educators named a total of 346 challenges and emphasised the following areas: limited academic recognition for engagement in teaching (53.5% of educators), insufficient institutional (31.5%) and financial support (28.4%), a curriculum in need of reform (22.8%), insufficient time for teaching assignments (18,9%), inadequate teacher competence in teaching methods (18.1%), restricted faculty development programmes (18.1%), limited networking within the institution (11.0%), lack of teaching staff (10.2%), varying preconditions of students (8.7%), insufficient recognition and promotion of medical educational research (5.5%), extensive assessment requirements (4.7%), and the lack of role models within medical education (3.2%). Conclusion: The medical educators found the biggest challenges which they faced to be limited academic recognition and insufficient institutional and financial support. Consequently, improvements should be implemented to address these issues.

Huwendiek, Soren; Hahn, Eckhart G.; Tonshoff, Burkhard; Nikendei, Christoph

2013-01-01

395

Newton's Cradle in Physics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Newton's Cradle is a series of bifilar pendulums used in physics classrooms to demonstrate the role of the principles of conservation of momentum and kinetic energy in elastic collisions. The paper reviews the way in which textbooks use Newton's Cradle and points out the unsatisfactory nature of these treatments in almost all cases. The literature…

Gauld, Colin F.

2006-01-01

396

2011 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The theme of the 2011 Physics Education Research (PER) Conference was "Frontiers in Assessment: Instrumentation, Goals & Practices". In a sense, assessments are the instruments of physics education research, and our understanding of teaching and learning is only as good as our understanding of what our instruments can (and cannot) tell us. Physics education researchers use assessments to probe diverse aspects of learning, such as student knowledge, reasoning processes, attitudes and beliefs, and abilities. Researchers must think deeply about the assessments that are used, including their validity and reliability; methodology; alignment with learning, teaching, and research goals; overall purpose; implicit assumptions; and how our current assessment instruments are or are not meeting our objectives as teachers, researchers and learners. PERC 2011 highlighted this theme of assessment, bringing the issue into the foreground of the PER community.

2012-05-15

397

Do Continuing Medical Education Articles Foster Shared Decision Making?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Defined as reviews of clinical aspects of a specific health problem published in peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed medical journals, offered without charge, continuing medical education (CME) articles form a key strategy for translating knowledge into practice. This study assessed CME articles for mention of evidence-based…

Labrecque, Michel; Lafortune, Valerie; Lajeunesse, Judith; Lambert-Perrault, Anne-Marie; Manrique, Hermes; Blais, Johanne; Legare, France

2010-01-01

398

Simulation-Based Medical Education: An Ethical Imperative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical training must at some point use live patients to hone the skills of health professionals. But there is also an obligation to provide optimal treatment and to ensure patients' safety and well-being. Balancing these two needs represents a fundamental ethical tension in medical education. Simulation-based learning can help mitigate this tension by developing health professionals' knowledge, skills, and attitudes

Amitai Ziv; Paul Root Wolpe; Stephen D. Small; Shimon Glick

2003-01-01

399

A New Metric for Continuing Medical Education Credit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two major continuing medical education (CME) credit systems for allopathic physicians in the United States are administered by the American Medical Association (AMA) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). This article explores the history of AMA and AAFP CME credit and its value to physicians and the patients they serve.…

Davis, Nancy L.; Willis, Charles E.

2004-01-01

400

Rediscovery of the Need for a Feminist Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary efforts to empower women as physicians is analyzed. The early history of women and medical education is surveyed, especially the problems of admission into medical schools. Federal antibias legislation directed at curriculum and textbooks is also reviewed, along with the development of a "women in medicine" course. (CT)

Walsh, Mary Roth

1979-01-01

401

Health Care Reform and Medical Education: Forces toward Generalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health care reforms will dramatically change the culture of medical schools in areas of patient care, research, and education programs. Academic medical centers must construct mutually beneficial partnerships that will position them to take advantage of the opportunities rather than leave them without the diversity of resources needed to make…

O'Neil, Edward H.; Seifer, Sarena D.

1995-01-01

402

RESEARCH IN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION, WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO MEDICAL EDUCATION. NEW DIMENSIONS IN HIGHER EDUCATION, NUMBER 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE GROWTH OF RESEARCH IN MEDICAL EDUCATION WAS REVIEWED AS AN OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE OF RESEARCH IN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION. SUCCESSIVE DEVELOPMENTS IN RESEARCH IN MEDICAL EDUCATION ARE DESCRIBED IN RELATION TO THE PATTERN OF ACCELERATING CHANGE THAT FOLLOWED WORLD WAR II. THE AUTHOR REPORTS THAT THE CHANGES IN CURRICULUM INTRODUCED IN SOME SCHOOLS…

HORWITZ, MILTON J.

403

Factors that Influence Physicians' and Medical Students' Confidence in Counseling Patients About Physical Activity.  

PubMed

Less than half of US adults and two-thirds of US high school students do not meet current US guidelines for physical activity. We examined which factors promoted physicians' and medical students' confidence in counseling patients about physical activity. We established an online exercise survey targeting attending physicians, resident and fellow physicians, and medical students to determine their current level of physical activity and confidence in counseling patients about physical activity. We compared their personal level of physical activity with the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines of the US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). We administered a survey in 2009 and 2010 that used the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A total of 1,949 individuals responded to the survey, of whom 1,751 (i.e., 566 attending physicians, 138 fellow physicians, 806 resident physicians, and 215 medical students) were included in this analysis. After adjusting for their BMI, the odds that physicians and medical students who met USDHHS guidelines for vigorous activity would express confidence in their ability to provide exercise counseling were more than twice that of physicians who did not meet these guidelines. Individuals who were overweight were less likely to be confident than those with normal BMI, after adjusting for whether they met the vigorous exercise guidelines. Physicians with obesity were even less likely to express confidence in regards to exercise counseling. We conclude that physicians and medical students who had a normal BMI and met vigorous USDHHS guidelines were more likely to feel confident about counseling their patients about physical activity. Our findings suggest that graduate medical school education should focus on health promotion in their students, as this will likely lead to improved health behaviors in their students' patient populations. PMID:24682887

Stanford, Fatima Cody; Durkin, Martin W; Stallworth, James Rast; Powell, Caroline Keller; Poston, Mary Beth; Blair, Steven N

2014-06-01

404

Understanding and Addressing Cognitive Bias in Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on research and educational findings using the Inventory of Cognitive Biases in Medicine (ICBM). The ICBM was administered to medical students as well as practicing physicians and susceptibility to cognitive bias was found to be substantial among both groups. Concludes that educational strategies in the classroom and clinical settings may…

Hershberger, Paul J.; Markert, Ronald J.; Part, Howard M.; Cohen, Steven M.; Finger, William W.

1997-01-01

405

Learning Environment in Medical Schools Adopting Different Educational Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty of Medicine, King Fahad Medical City (KFMC) has adopted a problem based learning (PBL) curriculum. This study investigates the educational environment in the school; it also compares the educational environment prevailing in problem based learning curriculum with that of conventional and outcome based curricula. A cross sectional study…

Al Rukban, Mohammad Othman; Khalil, Mahmoud Salah; Al-Zalabani, Abdulmohsen

2010-01-01

406

"Portfolios" as a method of assessment in medical education  

PubMed Central

Portfolios are increasingly used in postgraduate medical education and in gastroenterology training as an assessment tool, as documentation of competence, a database of procedure experience (for example endoscopy experience) and for revalidation purposes. In this paper the educational theory behind their use is described and the evidence for their use is discussed.

2014-01-01

407

Cardiopulmonary Disease in Newborns: A Study in Continuing Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A film describing tachypea as an early manifestation of congenital heart disease was shown to physicians and nurses at 27 hospitals during regular continuing medical education activities. Findings from pre-test and post-test data show that need-oriented educational programs can measurably improve the quality of patient care. (Author/LBH)

Weinberg, Armin D.; And Others

1979-01-01

408

Advanced distributed learning, broadband internet, and medical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. Medical education will be increasingly facilitated by the proliferation of computers capable of displaying combinations of text, graphics, video, and sound; broadband networks capable of delivering these multiple media to the home, office or clinical setting; and new methods for using these technologies for education and training. However, current models and methods for technology-based learning are

J. V. Henderson

2001-01-01

409

Challenges and Research Directions in Medical Cyber–Physical Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical cyber–physical systems (MCPS) are life-critical, context-aware, networked systems of medical devices. These systems are increasingly used in hospitals to provide high-quality continuous care for patients. The need to design complex MCPS that are both safe and effective has presented numerous challenges, including achieving high assurance in system software, intoperability, context-aware intelligence, autonomy, security and privacy, and device certifiability. In

Insup Lee; Oleg Sokolsky; Sanjian Chen; John Hatcliff; Eunkyoung Jee; BaekGyu Kim; Andrew King; Margaret Mullen-Fortino; Soojin Park; Alexander Roederer; Krishna K. Venkatasubramanian

2012-01-01

410

The future of medical education: a call for action.  

PubMed

The challenge of building new medical schools or expanding the class size of current ones is a lengthy and costly enterprise. That reality argues for the creation of a national vision about how to proceed and what to prioritize, a vision that could serve as a map for public and private officials considering further investment in medical education. A national commission funded by one or several health philanthropies is suggested as an expeditious vehicle to focus this discussion and move the debate forward. Instructive educational innovations in osteopathic and nursing education are suggested as germane to the deliberations of a national commission, as are creative means of student funding. PMID:12889754

Mullan, Fitzhugh

2003-01-01

411

Global health education in U.S. Medical schools  

PubMed Central

Interest in global health (GH) among medical students worldwide is measurably increasing. There is a concomitant emphasis on emphasizing globally-relevant health professions education. Through a structured literature review, expert consensus recommendations, and contact with relevant professional organizations, we review the existing state of GH education in US medical schools for which data were available. Several recommendations from professional societies have been developed, along with a renewed emphasis on competencies in global health. The implementation of these recommendations was not observed as being uniform across medical schools, with variation noted in the presence of global health curricula. Recommendations for including GH in medical education are suggested, as well as ways to formalize GH curricula, while providing flexibility for innovation and adaptation

2013-01-01

412

Private medical education in Sri Lanka.  

PubMed

Medicine is one of the most sought after professions in the world. However, opportunities for students to realise this dream are few, particularly due to the competitive nature of university entrance examinations. This essay discusses the establishment of private medical schools in Sri Lanka and the expanded opportunities now available for medical students. There are differing perspectives on these developments, among medical professionals as well as the public. We give a background to the controversy followed by opposing views from the first and second author on the regulatory framework in Sri Lanka and providers' commercial agenda. PMID:23099603

Siribaddana, Nipuna; Agampodi, Suneth; Siribaddana, Sisira

2012-01-01

413

Recent educational interventions for improvement of asthma medication adherence  

PubMed Central

Poor adherence to asthma medication treatment is a dilemma as it decreases the chance of achieving and maintaining a proper asthma control. Another dilemma is that there seems to be a small range of functional interventions that enhance adherence to long-term medication treatments. The aim was to review the last five years of published educational interventions for improving adherence to asthma medication. Through systematic database searches 20 articles were identified, which matched the inclusion criteria and described educational interventions to improve asthma self-management including adherence. The current review showed that addressing unintentional non-adherence in terms of incorrect inhaler technique by recurrent education improved the technique among many patients, but not among all. Phoning patients, as a means to remove medication beliefs as adherence barriers, seemed to be an effective educational strategy, shown as increased adherence. Involving patients in treatment decisions and individualising or tailoring educational support also seemed to have favourable effect on adherence. To conclude, addressing specific adherence barriers such as poor inhaler technique or medication beliefs could favour adherence. To change adherence behavior, the current review proposes that educational adherence support should be a collaborative effort between the patient and the health-care professional based on each individual patient's needs and patient factors, including elements such as personality traits.

Lotvall, Jan

2012-01-01

414

Continuing Medical Education Reform for Competency-Based Education and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of competency-based education and evaluation for residents and practicing physicians by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), respectively, includes the competency of practice-based learning and improvement. Efforts to implement this and the other competencies…

Nahrwold, David L.

2005-01-01

415

Use of Alcoholics Anonymous as Part of Medical School Education: Students’ and Educators’ Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To discover the utility, barriers, and experiences with the use of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) as a learning resource in the medical school curriculum. Methods: A third year medical student cohort and psychiatric educators group were queried about learned experiential lessons, attendance requirements, attitudes, and obstacles encountered. Results: Forty-three educators, whose familiarity with AA varied widely, responded to the survey.

Kathleen Marie Stack; Lisa G. Fore Arcand; Greg Briscoe

2012-01-01

416

Rural Adapted Physical Education Teacher Preparation Programs: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among 22 teacher educators of adapted physical education, 10 reported that their institutions offered a degree program in adapted physical education; 4 of these required practical training in rural districts. Eighteen institutions required an undergraduate course in adapted physical education; 12 of these courses contained a rural-oriented…

Palma, Gloria M.; DePauw, Karen

1990-01-01

417

The Physical Education and Sport Interface: Models, Maxims and Maelstrom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within many school contexts physical education and sport have historically been positioned as polemic, and while there has been plenty of rhetoric about physical education as well as sport within education, there has seldom been engaged debate or discussion about the relationship between physical education and sport in school settings. This…

Pope, Clive C.

2011-01-01

418

Youth with Visual Impairments: Experiences in General Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid increase in the number of students with visual impairments currently being educated in inclusive general physical education makes it important that physical education instructors know how best to serve them. Assessment of the experiences of students with visual impairments during general physical education classes, knowledge of students'…

Lieberman, Lauren J.; Robinson, Barbara L.; Rollheiser, Heidi

2006-01-01

419

Inform Parents about the Goals of Your Physical Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how physical education teachers can help educate parents about their physical education program. In this article, NASPE would like to encourage physical education teachers to send a letter to parents of their students, publish it in the school newsletter or on the school web site, or send it to their local community…

Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, 2005

2005-01-01

420

A Web-based Risk Management and Medical-Legal Curriculum for Graduate Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates an educational Web site in risk management and medical-legal issues. Quantitative analysis of a 25-question multiple-choice quiz found that residents who browsed the educational model scored significantly higher (81%) than those who did not (62%). Suggests that the Web site and accompanying quiz database offers a practical solution for…

Balcezak, Thomas J.; Lynch, Patrick; Jackson, Sean; Richter, John; Jaffe, C. Carl; Cadman, Edwin C.

1998-01-01

421

Medical Education in Peoples's Republic of China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three types of physicians trained in the People's Republic of China (practitioners in Chinese medicine, traditional Mongolian medicine, and western-style medicine) and the design of the medical schools and programs are discussed. (MSE)

Cooper, John A. D.; Yingang, Lin

1987-01-01

422

JAMA Patient Page: Continuing Medical Education  

MedlinePLUS

... doctors to learn about research results through CME. Evidence-based medicine is medical practice that is guided by ... Doctors and patients alike benefit from learning about evidence-based medicine guidelines. This is best done through CME ...

423

Health and medical informatics education: perspectives for the next decade.  

PubMed

It is argued that the progress of information processing and information technology changes our societies. Examples are given that there is a significant economic relevance of information technology for medicine and healthcare and for the quality of healthcare as well. In order to adequately pursue the goal of 'Transforming healthcare through innovative use of information technology for the 21st century' (the topic of the 6th International Conference on Health and Medical Informatics Education and of this special issue of the International Journal of Medical Informatics), health professionals are needed who are well-educated in health informatics or medical informatics, respectively. Raising the scope and the quality of education in the field of health and medical informatics would help to raise the quality and efficiency of healthcare. In this context the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) and its working group 1 (WG1) on Health and Medical Informatics Education can make a contribution by disseminating information and by elaborating recommendations on courses and programs in health and medical informatics. For this purpose IMIA WG1 has established a WWW site (http://www.imia.org/wg1) with information on health and medical informatics programs and courses. All teachers and institutions are encouraged to submit information about courses and programs offered and to set pointers to their own WWW sites. In addition, a mailing list was installed to facilitate communication between all persons involved in health and medical informatics education. For subscription, a message has to be sent to 'listserv@relay.urz.uni-heidelberg.de'. The body of the message should read 'SUBSCRIBE IMIA-WG1'. PMID:9726488

Haux, R

1998-06-01

424

Peer-Reviewed Collection of Reports on Innovative Approaches to Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers 23 summaries of innovative approaches to medical education, presented in four categories: applications of the World Wide Web, curricular change, geriatrics and gerontology in medical education, and support for medical school faculty. (EV)

Anderson, M. Brownell, Ed.

2002-01-01

425

Teaching Touch Rugby in Physical Education Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical educators are always looking for new ideas that introduce moderate-to-vigorous activity, involve skill, encourage teamwork, and increase student interest. Touch rugby has the potential to contribute to these outcomes. Though the sport is not new, it is not a mainstream sport. Therefore, students see it as something new. Their motivation…

Pugh, Steven F.; Alford, Alan

2004-01-01

426

Justifying Physical Education Based on Neuroscience Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that exercise improves cognitive function and psychological traits that influence behavior (e.g., mood, level of motivation). The evidence in the literature also shows that physical education may enhance learning or that academic performance is at least maintained despite a reduction in classroom time in order to increase time…

Berg, Kris

2010-01-01

427

The Fun Factor in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using Scanlan and Lewthwaite's (1986) sport enjoyment model as a conceptual framework, this study was designed to explore two areas: (a) students' and teachers' perceptions of "fun" in physical education class and (b) differences that may exist in these perceptions between groups of students (in team sports, individual/dual sports, and fitness)…

Garn, Alex C.; Cothran, Donetta

2006-01-01

428

[Physical Education in the Out of Doors].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for instruction of emotionally handicapped children and youth, these two articles deal with concepts and activities of physical and health education with an outdoor emphasis. Objectives cited in the first article are teaching young people to: enjoy the out-of-doors; cooperate with others and share in common goals; develop skills for…

Barnard, Peter; And Others

429

Physical Education for Children. Concepts into Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides the motor development knowledge base and program planning procedures for developing the elementary physical education program. Part one is an overview of the motor development knowledge base and includes chapters on growth, how exercise affects children, motor skill development, how children learn motor skills, and psychosocial…

Thomas, Jerry R.; And Others

430

Numeracy in Health and Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a teacher's Maths lesson that focuses on numeracy in health and physical education learning area. In the lesson, the students were learning about Directed Numbers, something they often struggle with and a topic where the teacher finds it hard to explain using real life situations when using addition and subtraction. The…

Peters, Colleen; Geiger, Vince; Goos, Merrilyn; Dole, Shelley

2012-01-01

431

Guidelines for the Physical Education Volunteer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen guidelines for the proper coordination of physical education volunteers are given. Proper placement and training methods are discussed, and program evaluation objectives are considered. The responsibilities of the volunteer in relation to the teaching and learning process and to the school and community are examined. (JN)

Hardy, Rex

1982-01-01

432

Teaching Physical Education in International Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the opportunity of teaching physical education at international schools. Common challenges (e.g., communication differences, adapting to the host culture, teaching individuals from various cultural backgrounds) and positive aspects (e.g., smart and engaged students, a positive learning environment for teachers, great…

Erickson, David LeRoy; Kulinna, Pamela Hodges

2012-01-01

433

History of Sport and Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reports from this conference deal with the sources, manifestations, and influences of sports and physical education over time, geography, and cultures. Written in a non-technical manner, the twenty-eight articles deal with the relationship of sports to (among others) politics, art, dance, mythology, religion, economics, sociology, and…

Young, Louise, Ed.

434

Answers to Health Questions in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culled from the answers of physical education teachers and coaches, this booklet attempts to indicate the scope of health problems and suggests some directions which the solutions may take. It is divided into three parts. Part 1, Health and Safety in Activity Programs, answers questions on first aid, excused absences, and desirability of…

Kaplan, Robert, Ed.

435

Assessment of Swimming in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an excerpt from the book "Assessment of Swimming in Physical Education" by Susan J. Grosse. In this excerpt, the different methods of assessment are discussed. Each type of assessment presented in the book has a place in swim curriculum. Assessments can measure form, skill application, knowledge, behavior, attitude, or…

Grosse, Susan J.

2005-01-01

436

PHYSICAL EDUCATION ACTIVITIES FOR THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PHYSICAL EDUCATION ACTIVITIES FOR USE IN GRADES ONE THROUGH SIX ARE ENUMERATED AND DESCRIBED IN THIS MANUAL. UNITS OF THE MANUAL WHICH ARE CONCERNED WITH SIDEWALK GAMES, SCHOOLROOM GAMES, BALL GAMES FOR GRADES ONE AND TWO, STUNTS AND STUNT GAMES, AND GAMES OF LOW ORGANIZATION ARE PRESENTED IN A FORMAT WHICH CONSISTS OF (1) A LISTING OF CRITERIA BY…

SMALLEY, JEANNETTE

437

Students' Reports of Misbehavior in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine students' reports of misbehavior in physical education class. Secondary school participants (N = 2,309) completed a previously validated instrument designed to measure students' reports of 59 student behaviors occurring in classes that might affect class management (e.g., from talking to bringing weapons to…

Cothran, Donetta J.; Kulinna, Pamela Hodges

2007-01-01

438

Principles and Methods of Adapted Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Programs in adapted physical education are presented preceded by a background of services for the handicapped, by the psychosocial implications of disability, and by the growth and development of the handicapped. Elements of conducting programs discussed are organization and administration, class organization, facilities, exercise programs…

Arnheim, Daniel D.; And Others

439

Practical Epistemologies in Physical Education Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a point of departure in a transactional understanding of epistemology, the purpose of this paper is to explore practical epistemologies in physical education (PE) by investigating how knowledge is produced and reproduced in students' and teachers' actions in PE practices posted as clips on the user-generated video-sharing website…

Quennerstedt, Mikael

2013-01-01

440

Digital Movement Analysis in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets offer applications (apps) that make digital movement analysis simple and efficient in physical education. Highly sophisticated movement analysis software has been available for many years but has mainly appealed to coaches of elite athletes and biomechanists. Apps on mobile devices are less expensive…

Trout, Josh

2013-01-01

441

Student Learning and Motivation in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a previous "Advocacy in Action" article, Richards and Wilson (2012) discussed quality physical education (PE) as a precursor to advocacy. It was argued that, before PE teachers can be effective advocates, they must first develop a high-quality PE program for which to advocate. This article extends the points made by Richards and…

Richards, K. Andrew R.; Levesque-Bristol, Chantal

2014-01-01

442

Humanizing the Undergraduate Physical Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the undergraduate physical education curricula in Canadian universities revealed sparse offerings in the humanities when compared to the biophysical and social sciences. Recommendations are made to reorder the curriculum to provide better balance between the two areas. (Author/CB)

Ross, Saul

1987-01-01

443

Small Schools Curriculum: Physical Education, K-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The self-contained sections within the document (one for grades K-3, the other for grades 4-6) present objectives, activities, monitoring procedures and resources for the elementary physical education curriculum for Washington small school districts. Identical introductory materials describe the organization of Small Schools materials,…

Hartl, David, Ed.; Hartl, Doris, Ed.

444

Performance Appraisal of Physical Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the aim was to determine views of school principals on how performance appraisal of physical education teachers who worked at primary schools should be done. The research was designed in a screening model. The research group composed of 152 school principals and deputy principals who worked at state primary schools located in…

Bahadir, Ziya

2013-01-01

445

Educational Software for Teaching Physics: Commercial Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document was developed to help teachers locate computer software to enhance the teaching of traditional physics at all educational levels. It contains a table listing approximately 900 packages. The table is organized by type of computer (Apple II, Atari, Commodore, IBM PC, Macintosh, and TRS-80) and is alphabetized first by publisher and…

Gjertsen, Margaret; Risley, John S.

1987-01-01

446

Admissions Procedures in Physical Therapy Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 117 physical therapy education programs investigated the admissions process, criteria, and interview procedures. Interviews were conducted at 67% of programs; mean applicant number was 115. Most used standard interview questions and provided interviewer training. A weighted variable system for making student selections, based on both…

Seymour, Ron; Gramet, Pamela

1995-01-01

447

Classroom Teachers' Reflections on Teaching Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to explore preservice classroom teacher reflection in a physical education teaching and learning environment and to describe how the teachers' reflections related to their practices. Two preservice classroom teachers voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected using observations, journals, documents, and…

Tsangaridou, Niki

2005-01-01

448

Facilities in Sports and Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book covers in detail the construction and equipping of athletic facilities. Planning and building for future as well as present needs and the wise, economical use of space are emphasized. Accompanied by informative illustrations, the topics discussed are: (1) historical antecedents and sociological trends in physical education and…

Ezersky, Eugene M.; Theibert, P. Richard

449

Effective Teaching in Physical Education: Slovenian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regular quality physical education (PE) contributes to the harmonized biopsychosocial development of a young person--to relaxation, neutralization of negative effects of sedentary hours, and other unhealthy habits/behaviors. The evaluation approach to PE effectiveness provides important information to PE teachers and also to students. However,…

Pišot, Rado; Plevnik, Matej; Štemberger, Vesna

2014-01-01

450

Computational (Physics Education) vs. (Computational Physics) Education: Many Body for Anybody  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The substantial role of computational approaches to physics research is not currently reflected proportionately in how we prepare future physicists. We can do better in using computation to teach the concepts of physics --Computational (Physics Education) -- and to prepare students to be computational physicists -- (Computational Physics) Education. We have the opportunity to demonstrate that effective use of computing in physics really matters. A computational approach in physics education is essential because quantitative reasoning, computational thinking, and multiscale modeling are the intellectual "heart and soul" of 21st Century physics and therefore are the essential skills of the 21st Century physicist. Computing matters because we can apply the power of interactive computing to reach a deeper understanding of physics and the mathematics underlying the theory and their role in understanding the world. We will explore a transformation in physics education, supported by interactive computing resources, promoting a dynamic encounter with the world through guided discovery. We will explore a variety of free and low-cost sources for modeling tools from Shodor and its Computational Science Education Reference Desk, a pathway project of the National Science Digital Library.

Panoff, Robert

2011-03-01

451

Sport Education: Promoting Team Affiliation Through Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of feelings of identity, the sense of belonging to a team, and the growth of social skills are experiences that sport, if properly conducted, is well placed to offer (Siedentop, 1994). Evidence suggests that some characteristics of traditional, multiactivity forms of physical education work against realizing these goals (Locke,…

MacPhail, Ann; Kirk, David; Kinchin, Gary D.

2004-01-01

452

Making a Difference? Education and "Ability" in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper brings a speculative, sociological perspective to the nature of "ability" in physical education (PE) and asks why this aspect of embodiment, with notable exceptions, has received so little critical attention in the professional discourse of PE and associated research in recent years. It is suggested that thinking about "ability" has…

Evans, John

2004-01-01

453

77 FR 41431 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education at the Clinical Center...Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education at the Clinical Center...Office of Clinical Research Training and Education, and the Clinical...

2012-07-13

454

The Person: A Missing Dimension in Medical Care and Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Medical education needs to move beyond the biomedical model to redress the balance between the two great historical traditions in medicine: the reductionistic and the whole person approaches. Students need to understand the distinctions between disease as an abstract concept and illness as an experience lived by their patients. They need to approach the study of both the sciences and the humanities with a rigorous, thoughtful, and balanced approach, and learn to integrate these understandings and to apply them to the care of sick persons. Medical education should be more than vocational training: it must be a liberal education. The missing dimension in medical education is the person, both the person of the patient and the person of the student. The experiences of both are the very foundations of learning, growth, and healing.

Weston, W.W.

1988-01-01

455

Sleep medicine education and knowledge among medical students in selected Saudi Medical Schools  

PubMed Central

Background Limited information is available regarding sleep medicine education worldwide. Nevertheless, medical education has been blamed for the under-recognition of sleep disorders among physicians. This study was designed to assess the knowledge of Saudi undergraduate medical students about sleep and sleep disorders and the prevalence of education on sleep medicine in medical schools as well as to identify the obstacles to providing such education. Methods We surveyed medical schools that were established more than 10 years ago, asking fourth- and fifth-year medical students (men and women) to participate. Seven medical schools were selected. To assess knowledge on sleep and sleep disorders, we used the Assessment of Sleep Knowledge in Medical Education (ASKME) Survey, which is a validated 30-item questionnaire. The participants were separated into two groups: those who scored ?60% and those who scored <60%. To assess the number of teaching hours dedicated to sleep medicine in the undergraduate curricula, the organizers of the major courses on sleep disorders were contacted to obtain the curricula for those courses and to determine the obstacles to education. Results A total of 348 students completed the survey (54.9% male). Among the participants, 27.7% had a specific interest in sleep medicine. More than 80% of the study sample had rated their knowledge in sleep medicine as below average. Only 4.6% of the respondents correctly answered ?60% of the questions. There was no difference in the scores of the respondents with regard to university, gender, grade-point average (GPA) or student academic levels. Only five universities provided data on sleep medicine education. The time spent teaching sleep medicine in the surveyed medical schools ranged from 0-8 hours with a mean of 2.6 ±2.6 hours. Identified obstacles included the following: (1) sleep medicine has a lower priority in the curriculum (53%) and (2) time constraints do not allow the incorporation of sleep medicine topics in the curriculum (47%). Conclusions Medical students in the surveyed institutions possess poor knowledge regarding sleep medicine, which reflects the weak level of education in this field of medicine. To improve the recognition of sleep disorders among practicing physicians, medical schools must provide adequate sleep medicine education.

2013-01-01

456

Effectiveness of a graduate medical education program for improving medical event reporting attitude and behavior  

PubMed Central

??Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of an educational program for improving medical event reporting attitude and behavior in the ambulatory care setting among graduate medical trainees. Design: One group pre- and post-test study. Setting: The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Family Medicine Residency Program. Participants: All family practice residents (n = 30). Intervention: Patient safety educational program implemented through an introductory lecture and 6 monthly conferences, June to December 2002, involving medical events that occurred in the ambulatory care setting. Outcome measures: Medical event reporting attitude and behavior at baseline and at 6 month follow up, and barriers to medical event reporting at the 6 month follow up. Results: Program attendance was significantly correlated with medical event reporting attitude and behavior change (rho = 0.525, p = 0.003). The median change in medical event reporting attitude and behavior was zero and not statistically significant (p = 0.566). Major barriers to medical event reporting were lack of time, extra paper work, and concern about career and personal reputation. Conclusions: Attending the patient safety educational program was key for promoting a positive medical event reporting attitude and behavior change among graduate trainees. Major barriers to medical event reporting were lack of time, extra paper work, and concern about career and personal reputation. Future research will need to focus on reducing these barriers and to evaluate the effectiveness of such a program over longer periods of time, since making a positive change in medical event reporting attitude and behavior must be made at the individual and organizational levels.

Coyle, Y; Mercer, S; Murphy-Cullen, C; Schneider, G; Hynan, L

2005-01-01

457

Gendered specialities during medical education: a literature review.  

PubMed

The careers of male and female physicians indicate gender differences, whereas in medical education a feminization is occurring. Our review aims to specify gender-related speciality preferences during medical education. A literature search on gender differences in medical students' speciality preferences was conducted in PubMed, Eric, Embase and Social Abstracts, and reference lists from January 2000 to June 2013. Study quality was assessed by critical appraisal. Our search yielded 741 hits and included 14, mostly cross-sectional, studies originating from various countries. No cohort studies were found. Throughout medical education, surgery is predominantly preferred by men and gynaecology, paediatrics and general practice by women. Internal medicine was pursued by both genders. The extent of gender-specific speciality preferences seemed related to the male-to-female ratio in the study population. When a population contained more male students gynaecology seemed even more preferred by women, while in a more feminine population, men more highly preferred surgery. Internationally, throughout medical education, gender-related speciality preferences are apparent. The extent might be influenced by the male-to-female ratio of a study population. Further research of the role of gender in career considerations of medical students on the future workforce is necessary. PMID:24980516

Alers, Margret; van Leerdam, Lotte; Dielissen, Patrick; Lagro-Janssen, Antoine

2014-06-01

458

Tough Talk: A Toolbox for Medical Educators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Having conversations with patients can be a difficult task, and it can be particularly difficult for new medical students. Fortunately, there is the "Tough Talk" website, which was created by a team of researchers at the University of Washington's Medical School. Here visitors will find information about teaching medicine and how to make neophyte medical students more comfortable around patients. Visitors will note that there is a section on "Core Teaching Skills" which contains narrative-based passages on "goal setting", "addressing emotion", and "common teaching challenges". Each section contains materials designed for the classroom, including role-playing activities. Additionally, visitors can also take advantage of the annotated bibliography and download a PDF which contains all of the materials on the site.

459

Community-based distributive medical education: advantaging society.  

PubMed

This paper presents a narrative summary of an increasingly important trend in medical education by addressing the merits of community-based distributive medical education (CBDME). This is a relatively new and compelling model for teaching and training physicians in a manner that may better meet societal needs and expectations. Issues and trends regarding the growing shortage and imbalanced distribution of physicians in the USA are addressed, including the role of international medical graduates. A historical overview of costs and funding sources for medical education is presented, as well as initiatives to increase the training and placement of physicians cost-effectively through new and expanded medical schools, two- and four-year regional or branch campuses and CBDME. Our research confirms that although medical schools have responded to Association of American Medical Colleges calls for higher student enrollment and societal concerns about the distribution and placement of physicians, significant opportunities for improvement remain. Finally, the authors recommend further research be conducted to guide policy on incentives for physicians to locate in underserved communities, and determine the cost-effectiveness of the CBDME model in both the near and long terms. PMID:22355240

Farnsworth, Tracy J; Frantz, Alan C; McCune, Ronald W

2012-01-01

460

Medical migration and Africa: an unwanted legacy of educational change.  

PubMed

The opportunities given for medical staff to travel, work and remain in countries other than that of their domicile or graduation have led to the phenomenon of medical migration. This has been supported by ease of travel, improved technology and a drive to share good examples of medical education through improved communication. Whilst these opportunities create positive advantages to the individuals and countries involved, through the transfer of knowledge and medical management, the situation does not always lead to long term benefits, and clear disadvantages begin to emerge. The gulf between the developed and developing countries becomes pronounced, leading to a general drift of resources away from the areas where they are most needed and subsequent profound effects upon the indigenous population. This paper suggests that it is a responsibility of medical educators throughout the world to recognize this effect and create opportunities whereby the specialty of medical education positively effects medical migration to the benefit of the less fortunate areas of the world. PMID:18158660

Bundred, Peter; Gibbs, Trevor

2007-11-01

461

Community-based distributive medical education: Advantaging society  

PubMed Central

This paper presents a narrative summary of an increasingly important trend in medical education by addressing the merits of community-based distributive medical education (CBDME). This is a relatively new and compelling model for teaching and training physicians in a manner that may better meet societal needs and expectations. Issues and trends regarding the growing shortage and imbalanced distribution of physicians in the USA are addressed, including the role of international medical graduates. A historical overview of costs and funding sources for medical education is presented, as well as initiatives to increase the training and placement of physicians cost-effectively through new and expanded medical schools, two- and four-year regional or branch campuses and CBDME. Our research confirms that although medical schools have responded to Association of American Medical Colleges calls for higher student enrollment and societal concerns about the distribution and placement of physicians, significant opportunities for improvement remain. Finally, the authors recommend further research be conducted to guide policy on incentives for physicians to locate in underserved communities, and determine the cost-effectiveness of the CBDME model in both the near and long terms.

Farnsworth, Tracy J.; Frantz, Alan C.; McCune, Ronald W.

2012-01-01

462

Attitudes Toward Computer Technology Between Nursing and Medical Educators  

PubMed Central

The results of this descriptive study indicated no significant difference between nursing and medical educators' attitudes toward computer technology. Demographic variables and usages of computer technology in educational and clinical practice environments were not significant. Previous experience with computer technology was significant but negatively correlated; whereas, education regarding computer technology was not. Word processing and record keeping in the education environment, however, were negatively correlated with attitudes. In the clinical environment, diagnosing was positively correlated, but patient assessment and network systems were negatively correlated with attitudes.

Harsanyi, Bennie E.; Kelsey, Clyde E.

1989-01-01

463

Modelling Mathematical Reasoning in Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many findings from research as well as reports from teachers describe students' problem solving strategies as manipulation of formulas by rote. The resulting dissatisfaction with quantitative physical textbook problems seems to influence the attitude towards the role of mathematics in physics education in general. Mathematics is often seen as a tool for calculation which hinders a conceptual understanding of physical principles. However, the role of mathematics cannot be reduced to this technical aspect. Hence, instead of putting mathematics away we delve into the nature of physical science to reveal the strong conceptual relationship between mathematics and physics. Moreover, we suggest that, for both prospective teaching and further research, a focus on deeply exploring such interdependency can significantly improve the understanding of physics. To provide a suitable basis, we develop a new model which can be used for analysing different levels of mathematical reasoning within physics. It is also a guideline for shifting the attention from technical to structural mathematical skills while teaching physics. We demonstrate its applicability for analysing physical-mathematical reasoning processes with an example.

Uhden, Olaf; Karam, Ricardo; Pietrocola, Maurício; Pospiech, Gesche

2012-04-01

464

Attitudes of Greek Physical Education Teachers towards Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in Physical Education Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade the idea of inclusion of students with disabilities and special educational needs (SEN) in general schools has become increasingly the focus of national and international policies. Inclusive education has also made enormous progress in Greece recently. The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of Physical

Doulkeridou, A.; Evaggelinou, C.; Mouratidou, K.; Koidou, E.; Panagiotou, A.; Kudlacek, M.

2011-01-01

465

Students' Views on Physical Development and Physical Self-Concept in Adventure-Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated 10th-grade students' views concerning the physical effects of an adventure-physical education curriculum and the potential of such a curriculum to enhance components of a multidimensional model of physical self-concept. Semistructured interviews were used to obtain students' views and participant observations were conducted…

Gehris, Jeffrey; Kress, Jeff; Swalm, Ricky

2010-01-01

466

10 CFR 1046.11 - Medical and physical fitness qualification standards.  

... 2014-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. 1046...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS (Eff...Personnel § 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification...

2014-01-01

467

10 CFR 1046.11 - Medical and physical fitness qualification standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. 1046...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS Protective...Personnel § 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification...

2012-01-01

468

10 CFR 1046.11 - Medical and physical fitness qualification standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. 1046...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS Protective...Personnel § 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification...

2011-01-01

469

10 CFR 1046.11 - Medical and physical fitness qualification standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. 1046...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS Protective...Personnel § 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification...

2013-01-01

470

Outcomes Assessment in Veterinary Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine's use of outcomes assessment (OA) as part of the accreditation review process for the American Veterinary Medical Association. Discusses its nine OA survey instruments and use of resulting data during accreditation. (EV)

Black, Leslie S.; Turnwald, Grant H.; Meldrum, James B.

2002-01-01

471

Medical Emergency Education in Dental Hygiene Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 169 dental hygiene training programs investigated the curriculum content and instruction concerning medical emergency treatment, related clinical practice, and program policy. Several trends are noted: increased curriculum hours devoted to emergency care; shift in course content to more than life-support care; and increased emergency…

Stach, Donna J.; And Others

1995-01-01

472

Spirituality and Medicine: Curricula in Medical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

pirituality and health is gradually becoming a recog- nized discipline within medicine. Increasingly more medical schools are teaching courses on spirituality and health. Furthermore, there are increased numbers of funded research projects looking at spirituality and how spir- itual beliefs may play an important role in coping with, re- covery from, and prevention of illness and disease. There has been

CHRISTINA M. PUCHALSKI

473

Private medical education--the doctor's perspective.  

PubMed

The Government's decision to drastically and speedily increase the number of doctors in the country needs to be reviewed. The standard and quality of health care does not depend on the number of doctors, but on the improvement of the health care infrastructure. Increasing the number of government medical schools and increasing the intake of students should be done on a need-to basis, with the above perspective in mind. The selection criteria of candidates must not be compromised and the teaching staff must be adequate and experienced. The number of doctors should be gradually increased over the years in tandem with the development of the health care infrastructure and the deployment of doctors must be directed at providing equitable care to the people at all economic levels and geographic locations. The strength of academic staff in existing government medical schools must be upgraded to provide high level of teaching and research, perhaps reinforced with the recruitment of suitably qualified and experienced foreign teachers. The infrastructure of existing government medical schools must be upgraded to cater for the gradual increasing demand for more doctors as the country develops. The selection of candidates for the government medical schools must be based on merit and without undue emphasis on ethnic considerations, for it is only in the arena of fair competitiveness that excellence can be born. The considerations of merit in selection must include assessment of attitude, self-development, moral ethics and reasoning. If the above perspectives are fully appreciated, then there is really no requirement for private medical colleges in Malaysia. PMID:11125516

Abdul Hamid, A K

2000-08-01

474

Improving medical education in Kenya: an international collaboration.  

PubMed

This paper describes a partnership between the University of Nairobi College of Health Sciences (CHS) Library and the University of Maryland Health Sciences and Human Services Library (HS/HSL). The libraries are collaborating to develop best practices for the CHS Library as it meets the challenge of changing medical education information needs in a digital environment. The collaboration is part of a Medical Education Partnership Initiative. The library project has several components: an assessment of the CHS Library, learning visits in the United States and Kenya, development of recommendations to enhance the CHS Library, and ongoing evaluation of the program's progress. Development of new services and expertise at the CHS Library is critical to the project's success. A productive collaboration between the HS/HSL and CHS Library is ongoing. A successful program to improve the quality of medical education will have a beneficial impact on health outcomes in Kenya. PMID:24860265

Mayo, Alexa

2014-04-01

475

Medical accuracy in sexuality education: ideology and the scientific process.  

PubMed

Recently, many states have implemented requirements for scientific or medical accuracy in sexuality education and HIV prevention programs. Although seemingly uncontroversial, these requirements respond to the increasing injection of ideology into sexuality education, as represented by abstinence-only programs. I describe the process by which health professionals and government advisory groups within the United States reach scientific consensus and review the legal requirements and definitions for medical accuracy. Key elements of this scientific process include the weight of scientific evidence, the importance of scientific theory, peer review, and recognition by mainstream scientific and health organizations. I propose a concise definition of medical accuracy that may be useful to policymakers, health educators, and other health practitioners. PMID:18703454

Santelli, John S

2008-10-01

476

Getting "beyond the barriers" in reforming osteopathic medical education.  

PubMed

As the healthcare needs of the United States change, some leaders at colleges of osteopathic medicine and osteopathic graduate medical education programs have embraced one very important and timeless goal: to prepare future physicians to meet society's health needs. These medical educators have made significant strides toward moving "beyond the barriers" to effect curricular reform and quality improvement at their institutions. Some of the barriers to osteopathic medical education reform are addressed in this article, which recommends allowing curricular evolution and faculty development; expanding clinical learning and teaching; breaking down departmental walls; integrating osteopathic principles and practice; reevaluating admission requirements of colleges of osteopathic medicine; and eradicating the unspoken and, ironically, often detrimental culture of medicine, which can be contrary to compassionate patient care and healing. PMID:17682114

Gimpel, John R

2007-07-01

477

Improving medical education in Kenya: an international collaboration*†  

PubMed Central

This paper describes a partnership between the University of Nairobi College of Health Sciences (CHS) Library and the University of Maryland Health Sciences and Human Services Library (HS/HSL). The libraries are collaborating to develop best practices for the CHS Library as it meets the challenge of changing medical education information needs in a digital environment. The collaboration is part of a Medical Education Partnership Initiative. The library project has several components: an assessment of the CHS Library, learning visits in the United States and Kenya, development of recommendations to enhance the CHS Library, and ongoing evaluation of the program's progress. Development of new services and expertise at the CHS Library is critical to the project's success. A productive collaboration between the HS/HSL and CHS Library is ongoing. A successful program to improve the quality of medical education will have a beneficial impact on health outcomes in Kenya.

Mayo, Alexa

2014-01-01

478

Commentary: On regulation and medical education: sociology, learning, and accountability.  

PubMed

The topic of regulation is commonplace in society, yet it seems to receive little explicit consideration in discussions on undergraduate medical education. The accompanying articles by Hauer and colleagues, White and colleagues, and Bloodgood and colleagues approach the topic of regulation from several different viewpoints. In this commentary, we too approach the topic of regulation from several different viewpoints: sociology, learning (self-regulated learning), and accountability. In this commentary, we present both theoretical and practical issues with the aim of initiating an open, scholarly discussion in the field of medical education. Ultimately, we hope other medical educators will seriously contemplate the questions raised and, more importantly, will consider employing these theoretical perspectives into future research efforts. PMID:19704182

Durning, Steven J; Artino, Anthony R; Holmboe, Eric

2009-05-01

479

Application of Innovative Methods to Optimize the Learning Process in Physics for Medical Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unlike chemistry and biology courses in the high schools which occupy the attention and interest of students as they need to achieve maximum results of examinations for admission in higher medical schools, physics remains away from their interest. Striving for awakening the interest of medical students to classes in physics and diversification of the learning process requires the continuous search of new forms of organization of this process in order to fulfill the main task of education: optimal development of each student, creating conditions for creative work with the highest possible productivity. Using innovations in teaching physics, aimed at the purpose of training in non-traditional way, transforms the passive learning in an active creative process. This allows rapid identification and compensation of gaps in the knowledge, which in turn leads to a rationalization and a more complete and lasting control of educational content. The aim of the study is analysis and evaluation of the effectiveness of the implementation of innovative educational methods to increase motivation and the quality of teaching physics to students of medicine. The discussion is based on the opinions expressed in surveys of students and results of various forms of feedback.

Zlateva, Genoveva; Tsankova, Emilya

2010-01-01

480

Survey of nationally registered emergency medical services providers: Pediatric education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study Objective: To survey emergency medical services (EMS) providers on a national level to determine and describe their perspective regarding their initial and continuing education (CE) needs in pediatrics. Methods: A 10-question survey was developed, pilot-tested, and sent to EMS providers as a part of their National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians reregistration materials. Results: Surveys were completed by 18,218

Peter W. Glaeser; Jeff Linzer; Michael G. Tunik; Deborah Parkman Henderson; Jane Ball

2000-01-01

481

Research in medical education: balancing service and science.  

PubMed

Since the latter part of the 1990's, the English-speaking medical education community has been engaged in a debate concerning the types of research that should have priority. To shed light on this debate and to better understand its implications for the practice of research, 23 semi-structured interviews were conducted with "influential figures" from the community. The results were analyzed using the concept of "field" developed by the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. The results reveal that a large majority of these influential figures believe that research in medical education continues to be of insufficient quality despite the progress that has taken place over the past 2 decades. According to this group, studies tend to be both redundant and opportunistic, and researchers tend to have limited understanding of both theory and methodological practice from the social sciences. Three factors were identified by the participants to explain the current problems in research: the working conditions of researchers, budgetary restraints in financing research in medical education, and the conception of research in the medical environment. Two principal means for improving research are presented: intensifying collaboration between PhD's and clinicians, and encouraging the diversification of perspectives brought to bear on research in medical education. PMID:17033879

Albert, Mathieu; Hodges, Brian; Regehr, Glenn

2007-02-01

482

Simulation-based medical education in clinical skills laboratory.  

PubMed

Clinical skills laboratories have been established in medical institutions as facilities for simulation-based medical education (SBME). SBME is believed to be superior to the traditional style of medical education from the viewpoint of the active and adult learning theories. SBME can provide a learning cycle of debriefing and feedback for learners as well as evaluation of procedures and competency. SBME offers both learners and patients a safe environment for practice and error. In a full-environment simulation,