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Medicalphysics, an applied field of physics, is the applications of physics in medicine. Medical physicists are essential professionals in contemporary healthcare, contributing primarily to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases through numerous inventions, advances, and improvements in medical imaging and cancer treatment. Clinical service, research, and teaching by medical physicists benefits thousands of patients and other individuals every day. This talk will cover three main topics. First, exciting current research and development areas in the medicalphysics sub-specialty of radiation oncology physics will be described, including advanced oncology imaging for treatment simulation, image-guided radiation therapy, and biologically-optimized radiation treatment. Challenges in patient safety in high-technology radiation treatments will be briefly reviewed. Second, the educational path to becoming a medical physicist will be reviewed, including undergraduate foundations, graduate training, residency, board certification, and career opportunities. Third, I will introduce the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), which is the professional society that represents, advocates, and advances the field of medicalphysics (www.aapm.org).
Overview of new educational program and training in MedicalPhysics at the University of Novi Sad is presented, where the medicalphysicseducation from undergraduate to doctoral study is established in the last decade. Necessity for basic and additional education and hospital training for medical physicists becomes the evident subject in clinical practice in which physicists and physicians are in close collaboration to ensure high quality of patient care. Learning objectives: to incorporate the latest scientific and professional findings in the field of medicalphysics, medical diagnostics, therapy and instruments; to accomodate students' pursuits of individual fields by offering elective courses from different areas of current medical practice; to reflect the multidisciplinary spirit of the studies, since teaching is performed by experts from diverse fields.
The requirements for engineers\\/physicists and the need for specialists in small countries causes differences in educational programmes and problems with accreditation. These problems are discussed for the example of Estonia. The structure of biomedical engineering and medicalphysicseducation and possibilities of professional accreditation as a chartered engineer or a euro-engineer in this area are reported. The Estonian society for
The extensive availability of digital technology provides an opportunity for enhancing both the effectiveness and efficiency of virtually all functions in the process of medical imaging physics and technology education and training. This includes degree granting academic programs within institutions and a wide spectrum of continuing education lifelong learning activities.Full achievement of the advantages of technology-enhanced education (e-learning, etc.) requires
The extensive availability of digital technology provides an opportunity for enhancing both the effectiveness and efficiency of virtually all functions in the process of medical imaging physics and technology education and training. This includes degree granting academic programs within institutions and a wide spectrum of continuing education lifelong learning activities. Full achievement of the advantages of technology-enhanced education (e-learning, etc.) requires an analysis of specific educational activities with respect to desired outcomes and learning objectives. This is followed by the development of strategies and resources that are based on established educational principles. The impact of contemporary technology comes from its ability to place learners into enriched learning environments. The full advantage of a re-engineered and implemented educational process involves changing attitudes and functions of learning facilitators (teachers) and resource allocation and sharing both within and among institutions. PMID:16046275
Bemoaning the lost art of the physical exam is an ancient practice, dating back hundreds, if not thousands, of years. Since the introduction of the stethoscope in the early 19th century, the clinical skills of physicians have waned as their dependence on technology has grown. This "lost skills literature" reflects the ambivalent relationship the medical profession has had with its technology, a relationship also dating back centuries. Despite the dominant role played by technology in the life of the 21st-century physician, medical students and trainees do not receive sufficient formal training in its use and assessment. This lacuna in training likely contributes to the well-documented inappropriate use of health care technology that threatens any attempt at improved patient care and reform of the health care system. The author recommends the introduction of a formal curriculum in the use and assessment of health care technology in medicaleducation and training. PMID:20505391
Physicaleducation is important to children and their developing bodies, both physical and mental. All children should get up off the couch and do some type of physicaleducation. Students will understand and apply the health-enhancing benefits of physical activity and proper nutrition. Being healthy in physical activity and eating the right foods boost your ability to have fun and feel good about yourself. The President\\'s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports program is a great way to kids to get started at getting physically fit. They have listed their top 10 tips ...
The panel discussion will explore opportunities and vistas in medicalphysics research and practice, medical imaging, teaching medicalphysics to undergraduates, and medicalphysics curricula as a recruiting tool for physics departments. Panel members consist of representatives from NSBP (Paul Guèye and Steven Avery), NIH/NIBIB (Richard Baird), NIST (Christopher Soares), AAPM (Howard Amols), ASTRO (Prabhakar Tripuraneni), and Jefferson Lab (Stan Majewski and Drew Weisenberger). Medical Physicists are part of Departments of Radiation Oncology at hospitals and medical centers. The field of medicalphysics includes radiation therapy physics, medical diagnostic and imaging physics, nuclear medicine physics, and medical radiation safety. It also ranges from basic researcher (at college institutions, industries, and laboratories) to applications in clinical environments.
MedicalPhysics Publishing is a nonprofit, membership organization founded in 1985 to provide affordable books in medicalphysics and related fields. The books are written by and for technologists, physicists, residents, and radiologists
MedicalPhysics provides immediate and accessible examples that can assist in the teaching of a range of science subjects. To help teachers, we have produced a teaching pack that will be sent to all UK secondary schools in June 2006 and will be available from www.teachingmedicalphysics.org.uk. Here we discuss the advantages of teaching using applications drawn from MedicalPhysics, careers in MedicalPhysics, and some sources of other MedicalPhysics-related teaching resources.
Careers in medicalphysics are discussed. Considers types of hospital departments and responsibilities in same for medical physicists and the education/training needed to enter the field. Indicates that the field is not large and that opportunities to enter it are keenly contested. (JN)
|Careers in medicalphysics are discussed. Considers types of hospital departments and responsibilities in same for medical physicists and the education/training needed to enter the field. Indicates that the field is not large and that opportunities to enter it are keenly contested. (JN)|
Medicaleducation has been closely linked with the necessity of medical relief and the quality of services required. The aim has been to turn out medical men and women fundamentally equipped to be practising doctors. The object of medicaleducation has been to provide the students with a foundation for training to be a general practitioner, or a specialist, or
The purpose of this discussion is to explore assumptions that have informed constructions of disability and to challenge these as socially constituted judgments that influence the way teachers think and act in general physicaleducation. A secondary purpose is to introduce social constructionism as a discourse that potentially reshapes constructions of disability by highlighting the relational activity between teachers and
The medical physicist is a professional who specializes in the application of the concepts and methods of physics to the diagnosis and treatment of human disease. Medical physicists identify their primary discipline to be radiation therapy (78%), medical imaging (16%), nuclear medicine (3%), or radiation safety (2%). They state their primary responsibility to be clinical (78%), academic (9%), research (4%), etc. Correspondingly, medical physicists reveal their primarily employment to be a private hospital (42%), university hospital (32%), physicist's service group (9%), physician's service group (9%), industry (5%), and government (3%). The most frequent job of medical physicists is clinical radiation therapy physicist, whose clinical duties include: equipment acquisition, facility design, commissioning, machine maintenance, calibration and quality assurance, patient treatment planning, patient dose calculation, management of patient procedures, development of new technology, radiation safety, and regulatory compliance. The number of medical physicists in the United States can be estimated by the number of members of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), which has increased 5.5% annually since 1969, currently being 5,000. New positions plus retirements create a current need >300 new medical physicists per year, which exceeds supply. This is supported by the steady growth in average salaries, being 100,000 for PhDs entering the field and reaching 180,000. Graduate programs alone cannot meet demand, and physicists entering the field through postdoctoral training in medicalphysics remain important. Details of postdoctoral research programs and medicalphysics residency programs will provide direction to physics PhD graduates interested in medicalphysics. [The AAPM, its annual Professional Information Report, and its Public Education Committee are acknowledged for information contributing to this presentation.
The National STEM Centre in the United Kingdom has been working on assembling useful resources across the various science, technology, engineering, and math disciplines for a number of years. One of their most successful projects has been their online database of resources, which draws on high-quality teaching materials from different universities, organizations, and institutions around the world. This particular section of this database includes resources on teaching medicalphysics. Users can search the collection by publication year or age group, and sign up for a free account to save the resources for later use. The materials include full textbooks on medicalphysics, teachers' presentations, lecture notes on medicalphysics and radioactivity, and a learning exercise on the medical uses of ultrasound. There are dozens of other resources, and the site will warrant several return visits.
The forces of rationality and commodification, hallmarks of the managed care revolution, may soon breach the walls of organized medicaleducation. Whispers are beginning to circulate that the cost of educating future physicians is too high. Simultaneously, managed care companies are accusing medicaleducation of turning out trainees unprepared to practice in a managed care environment. Changes evident in other occupational and service delivery sectors of U.S. society as diverse as pre-college education and prisons provide telling insights into what may be in store for medicaleducators. Returning to academic medicine, the author reflects that because corporate managed care is already established in teaching hospitals, and because managed research (e.g., corporate-sponsored and -run drug trials, for-profit drug-study centers, and contract research organizations) is increasing, managed medicaleducation could become a reality as well. Medicaleducation has made itself vulnerable to the intrusion of corporate rationalizers because it has failed to professionalism at core of its curricula-something only it is able to do--and instead has focused unduly on the transmission of esoteric knowledge and core clinical skills, a process that can be carried out more efficiently, more effectively, and less expensively by other players in the medicaleducation marketplace such as Kaplan, Compass, or the Princeton Review. The author explains why reorganizing medicaleducation around professional values is crucial, why the AAMC's Medical School Objectives Project offers guidance in this area, why making this change will be difficult, and why medicaleducation must lead in establishing how to document the presence and absence of such qualities as altruism and dutifulness and the ways that appropriate medicaleducation can foster these and similar core competencies. "Anything less and organized medicine will acknowledged... that it has abandoned its social contract and entered the temple of those who clamor, 'I can name that tune in four notes.'" PMID:10498088
Taiwan's medicaleducation system bears a close relationship with its colonial and post-colonial history. Since the late nineteenth century, Western medicine, Chinese medicine, and the practice of the other forms of traditional healing have encountered complex transactions with the state and one another, eventually evolving into the present medical system. Nowadays, the mainstream form of medicaleducation in Taiwan is a 7-year Western program; other forms of medicaleducation include a 5-year graduate program and traditional medicine programs. Challenged by the National Health Insurance that emphasizes cost management since 1995 and criticized by the US National Committee on Foreign MedicalEducation and Accreditation in 1998, medicaleducation reform was implemented by the Taiwan Medical Accreditation Council established in 2000. The reform tries to bring humanities into various aspects of medicaleducation, including student recruitment, curriculum, licensing, and continuing education. Similar to other modernization projects, the reform transplants the American and British standards to Taiwan. These changes hope to insure the reflective capabilities in physicians on the welfare of patients. However, frustration of current and future physicians may be deepened if the reform is insensitive to local issues or incapable of addressing new global tendencies. PMID:22364449
As health care changes under the pressures of restraint and constraint our vision of the future of medicaleducation should be based on the medical school's responsibility to the community. The medical school is "an academy in the community": as an academy, it fosters the highest standards in education and research; as an institution in the community, it seeks to improve public health and alleviate suffering. The author argues that to better achieve these goals medical schools need to become more responsible and responsive to the population they serve. Medical schools have been slow to accept fully the social contract by which, in return for their service to society, they enjoy special rights and benefits. This contract requires that medicaleducators listen to the public, talk honestly and constructively with government representatives and assess the needs and expectations of the community.
|Since the 1950s, there has been rapid and extensive change in the way assessment is conducted in medicaleducation. Several new methods of assessment have been developed and implemented over this time and they have focused on clinical skills (taking a history from a patient and performing a physical examination), communication skills, procedural
|This easy-to-use introduction explores all of the contemporary issues and enduring themes in physicaleducation, focusing on the United Kingdom but incorporating a global dimension. The wide range of topics covered include: (1) the requirements of National Curriculum PhysicalEducation; (2) the current "state" of physicaleducation; (3) the
Six articles about computers and physicaleducation deal with the probable impact on the profession, tips on media selection, and programing for data management. Descriptions of physicaleducation programs that use computers for cardiovascular fitness testing, physical fitness instruction, and analysis of motor learning experiments are included.
|Online physicaleducation, although seemingly an oxymoron, appears to be the wave of the future at least for some students. The purpose of this article is to explore research and options for online learning in physicaleducation and to examine a curriculum, assessment, and instructional model for online learning. The article examines how physical
This compendium of research articles on the preparation of physics and physical-science teachers is published by the Physics Teacher Education Coalition (PhysTEC). This book came about due to a need for improved preparation of physics and physical science teachers. This resulting book includes new reports that reflect cutting-edge research and practice, as well as reprints of previously published seminal papers from the body of research and research-based practice in physics teacher education. PhysTEC is a a project of the American Physical Society (APS) and American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT).
One of the advantages of the new crop of A-level syllabuses has been the introduction of optional material allowing students to probe into new territory as well as maintaining some deeper exploration along well-worn pathways. Medicalphysics has proved a very popular topic; several syllabuses include sections on the physics of the human body, and on the physics of diagnosis
Studies in cognitive psychology inform us that the recall of information and its application are best when it is taught and rehearsed in environments similar to workplace. The healthcare professions are heavily task- and performance-based where non-technical skills, decision making and clinical reasoning are important alongside integrity, empathy and compassion. Most of these attributes are difficult to teach and assess in the traditional classrooms. Enhanced patient safety on one hand has to be the ultimate outcome of any medical curriculum while on the other hand, it itself can be potentially compromised in an apprenticeship-based model of medicaleducation. A range of simulation techniques are very well placed to be used alongside clinical placements. These can be employed to enhance learning of healthcare professionals in safe environments, without compromising the patient safety, while maintaining a high degree of realism. This article builds an argument for the use of simulation techniques to enhance patient safety and points the readers to the AMEE Guide No. 50 on simulation, which is written as a practical manual on building a simulation programme in healthcare education. PMID:21182376
Medicaleducators debate which models of scientific research should be applied to problems in academic medicine. The reigning model was derived from the first scientific revolution of Newtonian physics. The emerging model is grounded in the second scientific revolution of Einstein's quantum physics. (Author/MSE)
Physicaleducation is important to children and their developing bodies, both physical and mental. All children should get up off the couch and do some type of physical activity. Students will understand and apply the health-enhancing benefits of physical activity and proper nutrition. Being healthy in physical activity and eating the right foods boost your ability to have fun and feel good about yourself. The President\\'s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports program is a great way for kids to get started at getting physically fit. They have listed their top 10 tips ...
This site offers a helpful collection of resources, especially lesson plans, for PhysicalEducation teachers. The site is constructed and maintained by John Williams, a PhysicalEducation Specialist at the Ayden Elementary School in Greenville, North Carolina. The site features over 100 user-submitted PhysicalEducation lesson plans, organized by category (tag games, throwing/catching, assessments, etc.). As would be expected, the detail and quality of the submitted plans vary. All are accessed via pull-down menus, and a few are located off-site. Williams's main page offers over 400 (unannotated) links to health and PhysEd resources, organized by topic.
This article discusses the use of the four main types of medical imaging, i.e. x-ray, radionuclide, ultrasound and magnetic resonance, and considers their relative merits. Important recent and possible future developments in image processing are also described.
|The Surgeon General's report discusses the importance of daily physical activity and addresses the role of schools' physicaleducation programs in implementing activity into every child's life. Professionals in the physicaleducation field have typically used three domains to address the physicaleducation curriculum: motor, cognitive, and
The Surgeon General's report discusses the importance of daily physical activity and addresses the role of schools' physicaleducation programs in implementing activity into every child's life. Professionals in the physicaleducation field have typically used three domains to address the physicaleducation curriculum: motor, cognitive, and
|Course evaluation is integral to medicaleducation. We discuss (1) distinctive features of medicaleducation that impact on course evaluation, (2) a framework for course evaluations, (3) details that shape the evaluation process, (4) key measurement issues important to data gathering and interpretation, and (5) opportunities for expanding the
Course evaluation is integral to medicaleducation. We discuss (1) distinctive features of medicaleducation that impact on course evaluation, (2) a framework for course evaluations, (3) details that shape the evaluation process, (4) key measurement issues important to data gathering and interpretation, and (5) opportunities for expanding the
This study, conducted for the Maryland legislature, evaluated the current method for financing graduate medicaleducation in hospital rates, particularly whether the costs of graduate education at the state's two academic medical centers are too high. The study involved discussions with the Health Services Cost Review Commission (HSCRC),
Maryland State Dept. of Fiscal Services, Annapolis.
The Flexner Report had its roots in the recognition in the mid-19th century that medical knowledge is not something fixed but something that grows and evolves. This new view of medical knowledge led to a recasting of the goal of medicaleducation as that of instilling the proper techniques of acquiring and evaluating information rather than merely inculcating facts through rote memorization. Abraham Flexner, a brilliant educator, had the background to understand and popularize the meaning of this new view of education, and he took the unprecedented step of relating the developments in medicaleducation to the ideas of John Dewey and the progressive education movement. Although the Flexner Report is typically viewed as a historical document--due to an understandable tendency to refer only to the second half of the report, where Flexner provides his famous critiques of the medical schools that existed at the time--this article argues that the Flexner Report is actually a living educational document of as much significance to medicaleducators today as in Flexner's time. The article analyzes Flexner's discussion of medicaleducation and shows that his message--the importance of academic excellence, professional leadership, proper financial support, and service and altruism--is timeless, as applicable to the proper education of physicians today and tomorrow as in the past. PMID:21399378
|Background: This paper offers critical commentary on the culture of "performativity" that has dominated educational discourse over the last 20 years, affecting the way in which researchers, teachers, pupils and parents think and act toward PhysicalEducation and sport (PESP) in schools. It is a culture that, in the UK, is likely to intensify in
Background: This paper offers critical commentary on the culture of performativity that has dominated educational discourse over the last 20 years, affecting the way in which researchers, teachers, pupils and parents think and act toward PhysicalEducation and sport (PESP) in schools. It is a culture that, in the UK, is likely to intensify in the years ahead given Liberal-Conservative
The Physics Department at Hampton University houses the first MedicalPhysics graduate program at a minority institution, and the first in the state of Virginia. Jointly established with the Eastern Virginia Medical School, the program requires students to take standard physics courses in addition to medicalphysics classes and clinical rotations performed at local hospitals. The associated medicalphysics research
Medicalphysics is a relatively small professional community, usually with a scarcity of expertise that could greatly benefit students entering the field. However, the reach of the profession can span great geographical distances, making the training of students a difficult task. In addition to the requirement of training new students, the evolving field of medicalphysics, with its many emerging advanced techniques and technologies, could benefit greatly from ongoing continuing education as well as consultation with experts. Many continuing education courses and workshops are constantly being offered, including many web-based study courses and virtual libraries. However, one mode of education and communication that has not been widely used is the real-time interactive process. Video-based conferencing systems do exist, but these usually require a substantial amount of effort and cost to set up. The authors have been working on promoting the ever-expanding capability of the Internet to facilitate the education of medicalphysics to students entering the field. A pilot project has been carried out for six years and reported previously. The project is a collaboration between the Department of MedicalPhysics at the Toronto Odette Cancer Centre in Canada and the Department of Biomedical Imaging at the University of Malaya in Malaysia. Since 2001, medicalphysics graduate students at the University of Malaya have been taught by lecturers from Toronto every year, using the Internet as the main tool of communication. The pilot study explored the different methods that can be used to provide real-time interactive remote education, and delivered traditional classroom lectures as well as hands-on workshops. Another similar project was started in 2007 to offer real-time teaching to a class of medicalphysics students at Wuhan University in Hubei, China. There are new challenges as well as new opportunities associated with this project. By building an inventory of tools and experiences, the intent is to broaden the real-time teleteaching method to serve a wide community so that future students entering the field can have efficient access to high-quality education that will benefit the profession in the long term.
|In this article we will focus on geriatric medicaleducation in Israel and will review our experience in this field. A coordinated effort of the Ministry of Health and the Israeli Medical Association led to the establishment of a modern geriatric system and to the recognition of geriatrics as a medical specialty in the early 1980s. All four
Suggests a Montessori elementary level physicaleducation program that provides outlets combining physical and mental energies as well as moral and social awareness. Includes daily scheduling that avoids disruption of work cycle with different daily activities. Suggests the arrangement of key lessons, a healthy attitude toward competition,
With reference to a recently published research article on the applicability and effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) in non-Western medical schools, this commentary explores the assumption that a set of shared values is the common denominator of the globalisation of medicaleducation. The use and effectiveness of PBL are not isolated from the cultural and social structural context in which it is applied; critical differences in values and in views on education underlie what educators and students perceive to be effective locally. The globalisation of medicaleducation is more than the import of instructional designs, and includes Western models of social organisation that require deep reflection and adaptation for success; hence, instead of spreading models for medicaleducation across the globe, more effort should be put into the support of 'home-grown' equivalents and alternatives. PMID:23343741
The basic curricular structure and courses deemed necessary to podiatric medicaleducation are outlined and their rationale explained. Specialties appropriate to podiatric practice, such as electrophysiology and cardiovascular physiology, are noted, and the sequence of coursework suggested. (MSE)
Health has become a symbolic category of considerable importance, expressing a range of notions relating to well?being, consumption and normality. A particular view of health as corporeal and individualistic has become pervasive within the new health consciousness, and school physicaleducation represents one site among many where the ideology of healthism is produced. This paper draws on a study of
|This book is aimed primarily at under and postgraduate students pursuing entire programmes or discrete courses and modules in the broad area of physicaleducation and sport in schools. It consists of a collection of what is considered to be essential readings in the sense that they are contributions from eminent authors on a breadth of salient
Examines typical high school physicaleducational facility courts found in the Clark County School District (Las Vegas), an area noted for building or reconstructing over 950 courts over the past decade. Base materials and surfaces used are addressed. Photos are included. (GR)
Although computers have potential applications in the elementary and secondary physicaleducation curriculum, current usage is minimal when compared to other disciplines. However, present trends indicate a substantial growth in the use of the computer in a supportive role in assisting the teacher in the management of instructional activities.
Although Japan's 19th century feudalistic education system was abolished at the close of World War II and the country has wrought the greatest economic miracle in world history, the Japanese still assign low priorities to health and medicaleducation. (IR)
|This report examines school physicaleducation (PE) and how it can be an important part of the national physical activity promotion effort. Section 1 introduces the issue of youth activity and PE, noting that schools and universities must reintroduce daily, quality physical activity as a key component of comprehensive education. Section 2
Morrow, James R., Jr.; Jackson, Allen W.; Payne, V. Gregory
The purpose of this article is to give international readers an overview of the organisation, structure and curriculum, together with important advances and problems, of undergraduate medicaleducation in Germany. Interest in medicaleducation in Germany has been relatively low but has gained momentum with the new "Regulation of the Licensing of Doctors" which came into effect in 2003. Medicaleducation had required substantial reform, particularly with respect to improving the links between theoretical and clinical teaching and the extension of interdisciplinary and topic-related instruction. It takes six years and three months to complete the curriculum and training is divided into three sections: basic science (2 years), clinical science (3 years) and final clinical year. While the reorganisation of graduate medicaleducation required by the new "Regulation of the Licensing of Doctors" has stimulated multiple excellent teaching projects, there is evidence that some of the stipulated changes have not been implemented. Indeed, whether the medical schools have complied with this regulation and its overall success remains to be assessed systematically. Mandatory external accreditation and periodic reaccreditation of medical faculties need to be established in Germany.
Conclusions and Summary While personal morality cannot be taught, ethical principles and their application to medical practice can be studied and\\u000a effectively learned.\\u000a \\u000a Since medical ethics is an essential component of practice of medicine, the study of ethics must be lifelong just like the\\u000a study of medicine.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a In addition to familiarity with ethical philosophical principles and an understanding of moral values
|In this article, the author cites valuable lessons to be learned from reality television shows that can also be utilized by physicaleducators. The author states some of the reality television's messages like: (1) physicaleducators must know how to maximize the activity time during physicaleducation class; (2) must have a plan of action so that
|Increasing motivation towards physical activity through quality physicaleducation has recently gained considerable attention. Several investigators have outlined specific models or theories to illustrate how motivation can be enhanced in physicaleducation. Enhancing a youngster's perceived physical competence, promoting intrinsic motivation
Alderman, Brandon L.; Beighle, Aaron; Pangrazi, Robert P.
Despite the progresses and attentions made to ethics education in Iran, little is known about the situation of undergraduate ethics education. Therefore, we undertook a study to assess the status of medical ethics education in medical faculties of Iran. Three questionnaires were sent to 32 state medical faculties. A reminding letter was sent to the cases with no response one
The 1991 Scholar In Residence Report is a compilation of formal presentations made at two meetings of the Council on Graduate MedicalEducation which focused on the following topics: Reform in MedicalEducation and MedicalEducation in the Ambulatory Sett...
The use of cyclotrons and synchrotrons to accelerate charged particles in hospital settings for the purpose of cancer therapy is increasing. Consequently, there is a growing demand from medical physicists, radiographers, physicians and oncologists for articles that explain the basic physical concepts of these technologies. There are unique advantages and disadvantages to all methods of acceleration. Several promising alternative methods of accelerating particles also have to be considered since they will become increasingly available with time; however, there are still many technical problems with these that require solving. This article serves as an introduction to this complex area of physics, and will be of benefit to those engaged in cancer therapy, or who intend to acquire such technologies in the future.
Greenfield's excellent appraisal (Amer. Psychologist, 1960, 15, 624-625) of the role of clinical psychology in medicaleducation deserves commendation. Despite its brevity, it offers a great deal. In fact, it reads so well and makes such good sense, I was hopeful, as I neared the end, that Greenfield might have an answer to the question he raises implicitly: \\
Editor, Joseph P. Winnick.Includes chapters by several College at Brockport faculty members:Francis X. Short. Measurement, assessment, and program evaluation ; Individualized education programs ; Health-related physical fitness and physical activity.Joseph P. Winnick. Introduction to adapted physicaleducation and sport ; Program organization and management ; Perceptual-motor development.Douglas H. Collier. Instructional strategies for adapted physicaleducation.Cathy Houston-Wilson. Pervasive developmental disorders ;
Joseph P. Winnick; Francis X. Short; Douglas Holden Collier; Lauren J. Lieberman; Cathy Houston-Wilson; Francis M. Kozub
Rather than presenting an academic paper, I wanted to simply examine my own perspective as a physicaleducator and classroom teacher and the importance of creating relationships with children. As a relatively new physicaleducator and recent Masters of Education graduate of the University of Toronto at OISE, but experienced classroom teacher
|Since federal and state laws directly influence the professional activities of physicaleducators, it is essential to understand the implications of particular laws and regulations as well as legal processes. Some misconceptions about the law are examined, and techniques by which physicaleducators can affect educational policy are explored. (JN)|
This paper, which was given as the Dudley Allen Sargent lecture at the 2012 conference of the National Association for Kinesiology and PhysicalEducation in Higher Education, discusses the politics of physicaleducation. It examines how both national politics and local/campus politics affect the discipline. Drawing from the history of national
Three emerging technologies in physicseducation are evaluated from the interdisciplinary perspective of cognitive science and physicseducation research. The technologies--Physlet Physics, the Andes Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), and Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) Tools--are assessed particularly in terms of their potential at promoting
|Three emerging technologies in physicseducation are evaluated from the interdisciplinary perspective of cognitive science and physicseducation research. The technologies--Physlet Physics, the Andes Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), and Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) Tools--are assessed particularly in terms of their potential at
|Research evidence suggests that, worldwide, physicaleducation in early years is mainly taught by primary teachers (Graber et al., 2008; Hunter, 2006; Kirk, 2005). Descriptions of primary teachers' experiences of teaching physicaleducation are particularly essential as an avenue for developing better-quality teacher training for teaching primary
|Undergraduate educational settings often struggle to provide students with authentic biologically or medically relevant situations and problems that simultaneously improve their understanding of physics. Through exercises and laboratory activities developed in an elective Physics in Biomedicine course for upper-level biology or pre-health majors
Christensen, Warren; Johnson, James K.; Van Ness, Grace R.; Mylott, Elliot; Dunlap, Justin C.; Anderson, Elizabeth A.; Widenhorn, Ralf
|Survey examined dance education for undergraduate physicaleducation majors in programs nationwide, investigating dance forms taught, hours required, professional preparation, and instructional methods. Results indicated almost one-third did not offer dance education. Those which required it had a narrow range of dance forms and mandated very few
This article describes a university science course that integrates physics, education, and community outreach. The class both improves student mastery of science and teaching as well as addresses the university's mission to pursue research, education, and
|This study analyzed issues related to estimating indirect medicaleducation costs specific to pediatric discharges. The Children's Hospital Graduate MedicalEducation (CHGNE) program was established to support graduate medicaleducation in children's hospitals. This provision authorizes payments for both direct and indirect medicaleducation
Produced by GE Healthcare, these courses offer continuing education for sonographers. Courses range from the introductory (Basics of 3D/4D Ultrasound) to the specific (Carotid Duplex Imaging). Specific areas of the body are also covered, including imaging for the breast, uterus, and brain. Each course is supplemented with objectives, anatomy, images, bibliographies, and a quiz covering the content of the lesson. This is an exceptional resource for students and teachers in the fields of diagnostic medical sonography and ultrasound technology.
Discussion of the four basic types of educational simulators that are available foe medicaleducation for problem-based, interactive learning focuses on the role of microsimulators. Describes educationalmedical simulators and suggests that the development of microsimulators should focus on the intelligent, educational feedback in the debriefing.
Christensen, Ulrik Juul; Heffernan, Drew; Barach, Paul
The Australian Council for Health, PhysicalEducation and Recreation (ACHPER) includes Outdoor Education (OE) as a component of PhysicalEducation (PE). Yet Outdoor Education is clearly thought of by many as a discrete discipline separate from PhysicalEducation. Outdoor Education has a body of knowledge that differs from that of PhysicalEducation. This in turn has mandated that OE teachers
This book from the International Commission on PhysicsEducation (ICPE) makes available the results of research in physicseducation to physicseducators working with pre- or in-service physics teachers. Three editions are avaiable, in English, French, and Spanish.
This book from the International Commission on PhysicsEducation (ICPE) makes available the results of research in physicseducation to physicseducators working with pre- or in-service physics teachers. Three editions are avaiable, in English, French, and Spanish.
|NAEYC, the National Association for Sport and PhysicalEducation, and the US Department of Health and Human Services all recommend that preschool programs offer physicaleducation. There are many reasons why. First, young children form healthy habits early in life. Before entering elementary school they learn to brush their teeth, bathe
|A methodology that has not received as much attention in the physicaleducation setting as in other subject areas is cooperative learning. Cooperative learning has been used for many years in math, science, and history, but not until recently has the concept been applied to physicaleducation. Research conducted on cooperative learning has shown
|Several alternate definitions of "physicaleducation" can be presented to illustrate the fact that changes in name or definition open the way to new opportunities and new ways of thinking of career options. Traditional definitions of physicaleducation have limited it to a profession of teaching in the traditional school system normal children
|In an economic and political climate marked by the continued reduction of physicaleducation programs, the authors believe that advocacy is now a professional responsibility that all physicaleducators have a duty to perform. Despite support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010), the National Association for Sport and
This paper presents the findings of a survey of physicaleducation (PE) teachers, the central object of which was to examine teachers' involvement in, and attitudes towards, the teaching of the six areas of activity contained in the National Curriculum for PhysicalEducation (NCPE). A total of 207 questionnaires was issued to heads of departments and teachers of PE in
Medicaleducation reform can make an important contribution to the future health care of populations. Social accountability in medicaleducation was defined by the World Health Organization in 1995, and an international movement for change is gathering momentum. While change can be enabled with policy levers, such as funding tied to achieving equity outcomes and systems of accreditation, medical schools and students themselves can lead the transformation agenda. An international movement for change and coalitions of medical schools with an interest in socially accountable medicaleducation provide a "community of practice" that can drive change from within. PMID:22676883
Murray, Richard B; Larkins, Sarah; Russell, Heather; Ewen, Shaun; Prideaux, David
|Educational theories and practice in the field of physicaleducation and sport in various countries are discussed and compared. Chapters address: (1) comparative physicaleducation and sport; (2) history and methodology of comparative education; (3) history and methodolog of comparative physicaleducation and sport; (4) physicaleducation in the
|Physicaleducation teacher education (PETE) students are given opportunities in "early field experiences" (EFEs) to observe and assist experienced teachers in schools. Typically, students are then required to do some autonomous teaching, to give them practical experience in the real world of local schools. Ultimately students will move on to
Wright, Steven C.; Grenier, Michelle; Channell, Kathy
Progress in Medical Radiation Physics is to be the first in a series of reviews of medical radiation physics topics. Volume I contains six chapters on subjects that have been selected for their current interest. The first report, ''Progress in Neutron Dosimetry for Biomedical Applications'' by J.J. Broerse and B.J. Minheer, concentrates on recent and ongoing research, with emphasis on
This book is the first of a series that will provide in-depth reviews of new developments in medical radiation physics. This volume is directed toward application scientists who are involved with research in this field. Six chapters review current topics in medical radiation physics. The first chapter reviews neutron dosimetry for biomedical applications. The second chapter briefly surveys current tissue
The secondary curriculum provides the student a transitional period between childhood and adulthood. Physical fitness objectives at this level should enhance dynamic health through physical activity for all individuals rather than for elite performers only. Suggestions are offered to help physicaleducators accomplish fitness goals. (DF)
Compares the returns of a medicaleducation as opposed to education for alternative professional careers, using 1970 Census data. The results show that the returns of a medicaleducation exceed those in alternative professions, though when adjustments are made for hours worked, physicians' earnings become roughly equal to those of dentists and
Physicaleducation has been an institution in American schools since the late 19th century, and today almost all American children are exposed to physicaleducation classes. It has often been claimed that physicaleducation provides important benefits to public health. The purpose of this paper is to determine if physicaleducation increases students' physical activity levels, in the short and
Russell R. Pate; Jennifer R. ONeill; Kerry L. McIver
How do people learn about physics? It's an important topic, especially as many countries seek to train a new generation of physicists. The Physical Review Special Topics: PhysicsEducation Research (PRST-PER) journal is committed to providing high quality research on the teaching and learning of physics. Visitors can scan through the journal's newer articles via Recent Papers, where they will find works like "Development and implications of technology in reform-based physics laboratories" and "What do students do when asked to diagnose their mistakes? Does it help them?" There are several hundred articles which visitors can scan through at their leisure or search by keyword. Finally, users can take a tour through the News, Announcements, and Editorials section of the site to learn about new site features and updates from the American Physics Society.
Background: Professional identity, or how a doctor thinks of himself or herself as a doctor, is considered to be as critical to medicaleducation as the acquisition of skills and knowledge relevant to patient care. Summary: This article examines contemporary literature on the development of professional identity within medicine. Relevant theories of identity construction are explored and their application to medicaleducation and pedagogical approaches to enhancing students' professional identity are proposed. The influence of communities of practice, role models, and narrative reflection within curricula are examined. Conclusions: Medicaleducation needs to be responsive to changes in professional identity being generated from factors within medical student experiences and within contemporary society. PMID:24112208
Wilson, Ian; Cowin, Leanne S; Johnson, Maree; Young, Helen
The PhysicsEducation Research User's Guide is a web resource providing physicseducators with information on research-based methods for teaching and learning. This resource helps teachers and faculty apply the results of physicseducation research (PER) and teaching methods based on these results. Users can browse through dozens of teaching methods and resources, organized by type of instruction and class, research basis, topic, and similar information. The Guide provides an overview of the each method with references and related teaching strategies. The web site also provides further information about PER and a wide range of reference material and connections to the PER Community.
Iraq is an agricultural country with a large population of animals: sheep, goats, cattle, water buffaloes, horses, donkeys, mules, and camels. In the 1980s, the successful poultry industry managed to produce enough table eggs and meat to satisfy the needs of the entire population; at one time, the thriving fish industry produced different types of fish for Iraqis' yearly fish consumption. There are four veterinary colleges in Iraq, which have been destroyed along with the veterinary services infrastructure. Understandably, improvements to the quality of veterinary education and services in Iraq will be reflected in a healthy and productive animal industry, better food quality and quantity, fewer zoonotic diseases, and more income-generating activities in rural areas. Thus, if undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education programs are improved, the veterinary medical profession will attract more competent students. This will satisfy the country's increased demand for competent veterinarians in both public and private sectors. Although Iraq has an estimated 5,000-7,000 veterinarians, there is a need for quality veterinary services and for more veterinarians. In addition, there is a need for the improvement of veterinary diagnostic facilities, as zoonotic diseases are always highly probable in this region. This article provides insight into the status of veterinary medicaleducation and veterinary services in Iraq before and after the 1991 Gulf War and gives suggestions for improvement and implementation of new programs. Suggestions are also offered for improving veterinary diagnostic facilities and the quality of veterinary services. Improving diagnostic facilities and the quality of veterinary services will enhance animal health and production in Iraq and will also decrease the likelihood of disease transmission to and from Iraq. Threats of disease transmission and introduction into the country have been observed and reported by several international organizations. PMID:15551223
A survey of 177 teaching hospitals investigated, first, the extent of cooperation between hospital continuing medicaleducation (CME) providers and medical schools and, second, whether community hospitals will seek competitive or cooperative relationships with medical schools for CME in the near future. A trend toward collaboration was found.
|Medical Readers' Theater (MRT) is an innovative and simple way of helping medical students to reflect on difficult-to-discuss topics in geriatrics medicaleducation, such as aging stereotypes, disability and loss of independence, sexuality, assisted living, relationships with adult children, and end-of-life issues. The authors describe a required
The author calls for a whole new concept of physicaleducation in the nation's schools. A change of lifestyle is needed, but also necessary are school programs that develop cardiovascular endurance fitness, not muscular fitness. (Editor)
Educators at an institution in Germany have started using Python to teach computational physics. The author describes how graphical visualizations also play an important role, which he illustrates here with a few simple examples.
I want to thank the Organizing Committee and Program Chairman of the 1993 IISSC for providing this forum to discuss science education issues here in San Francisco. By all accounts, science education in the United States is in trouble. Clearly, teaching sc...
BACKGROUND: The Internet provides a means of disseminating medicaleducation curricula, allowing institutions to share educational resources. Much of what is published online is poorly planned, does not meet learners' needs, or is out of date. DISCUSSION: Applying principles of curriculum development, adult learning theory and educational website design may result in improved online educational resources. Key steps in developing
Stephen D Sisson; Felicia Hill-Briggs; David Levine
|This article considers the conceptualization of physicaleducation as a Leaving Certificate Examination subject and the place of physicaleducation in a liberal education. Special attention is given to the conceptual evolution of physicaleducation and its intrinsic educational values and to the developments in the idea of a liberal education
Teamwork has become a major focus in healthcare. In part, this is the result of the Institute of Medicine report entitled To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System, which details the high rate of preventable medical errors, many of which are the result of dysfunctional or nonexistent teamwork. It has been proposed that a healthcare system that supports effective teamwork can improve the quality of patient care and reduce workload issues that cause burnout among healthcare professionals. Few clear guidelines exist to help guide the implementation of all these recommendations in healthcare settings. In general, training programs designed to improve team skills are a new concept for medicine, particularly for physicians who are trained largely to be self-sufficient and individually responsible for their actions. Outside of healthcare, research has shown that teams working together in high-risk and high-intensity work environments make fewer mistakes than individuals. This evidence originates from commercial aviation, the military, firefighting, and rapid-response police activities. Commercial aviation, an industry in which mistakes can result in unacceptable loss, has been at the forefront of risk reduction through teamwork training. The importance of teamwork has been recognized by some in the healthcare industry who have begun to develop their own specialty-driven programs. The purpose of this review is to discuss the current literature on teaching about teamwork in undergraduate medicaleducation. We describe the science of teams, analyze the work in team training that has been done in other fields, and assess what work has been done in other fields about the importance of team training (ie, aviation, nonmedical education, and business). Additionally, it is vital to assess what work has already been done in medicine to advance the skills required for effective teamwork. Much of this work has been done in fields in which medical professionals deal with crisis situations (ie, anesthesia, trauma, and labor and delivery). We describe the current programs for teaching medical students these essential skills and what recommendations have been made about the best ways to introduce teaching this skill set into the curriculum. Finally, we include a review on assessing teamwork because one cannot teach team training without implementing an assessment to ensure that the skills are being learned. PMID:19642146
|In 2004, the Wake County Public School System (North Carolina) received $1.3 million as one of 237 national winners of the $70 million federal Carol M. White PhysicalEducation Program (PEP) Grant competition. The PEP Grant program is funded by the U.S. Department of Education and provides monies to school districts able to demonstrate the
The contributions of black professional personnel to the field of physicaleducation are enumerated and described. The careers of Anita J. Turner, Edwin B. Henderson, and Albert J. Overly in particular are examined. The ability of a minority group to provide significant leadership in an educational field is discussed, and the challenge still
|Physicaleducation has been an institution in American schools since the late 19th century, and today almost all American children are exposed to physicaleducation classes. It has often been claimed that physicaleducation provides important benefits to public health. The purpose of this paper is to determine if physicaleducation increases
Pate, Russell R.; O'Neill, Jennifer R.; McIver, Kerry L.
This article intends to inform physicaleducation teachers about the current research describing the relationship between physicaleducation performance outcomes as identified by the national physicaleducation standards (i.e., regular participation in physical activity, physical fitness, motor competence; National Association of Physical
Medicaleducation is at a crossroads. Although unique features exist at the undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education levels, shared aspects of all three levels are especially revealing, and form the basis for informed decision-making about the future of medicaleducation. This paper describes some of the internal and external challenges confronting undergraduate medicaleducation. Key internal challenges include the focus on disease to the relative exclusion of behavior, inpatient versus outpatient education, and implications of a faculty whose research is highly focused at the molecular or submolecular level. External factors include the exponential growth in knowledge, associated technologic (disruptive) innovations, and societal changes. Addressing these challenges requires decisive institutional leadership with an eye to 2020 and beyondthe period in which current matriculants will begin their careers. This paper presents a spiral-model format for a curriculum of medicaleducation, based on disease mechanisms, that addresses many of these challenges and incorporates sound educational principles.
|Context: Over a decade ago, leaders in rural medicaleducation established the Rural MedicalEducators (RME) Group, an interest group within the National Rural Health Association, to support faculty in rural medicaleducation programs. This group has convened an annual RME conclave since 2006. In 2008, this conclave convened 15 national leaders
Downey, Laura H.; Wheat, John R.; Leeper, James D.; Florence, Joseph A.; Boulger, James G.; Hunsaker, Matt L.
Evidence suggests that many secondary school physicaleducation programs fail to achieve their objectives. A disturbing number of students report associating required attendance with strong negative feelings about the class, physical activity, and themselves. Teachers report that workplace conditions do not allow any serious effort to provide instruction. The nature of these problems is such that neither improving instruction nor
The temporary PhysicsEducation Project is a non-profit organization whose Web site contains materials that present "the current understanding of the fundamental nature of matter and energy, incorporating the major research findings of recent years." Some of the products that the project creates, including educational material and wall charts, are featured on this site with links to other educational Web sites that utilize them. These include topics such as Fundamental Particles and Interactions, Plasma Physics and Fusion, Nuclear Science, and The History and Fate of the Universe. The impressive charts and other educational material would be a good addition to any science or physics related curriculum, although not all of the material is free of charge.
|Medicaleducators must make every effort to achieve an adequate level of nutrition education for all health professionals. Medical schools should adopt a basic, required curriculum including biochemical and physiological aspects of nutrients, a clinical nutrition program for prevention of health hazards, and a course in nutritional assessment.
Four professional participants in a well-developed community-based medicaleducation system examine the implications of current change for their various roles, managing a community hospital, directing a local area health education center, teaching family medicine, and as a community preceptor. Some common themes concerning community-based medical
|Continuing medicaleducation is entering a new era. What has been casual and emergent will incresingly be directly related to the professional affairs of the individual practitioners. The medical profession will find itself drawn progressively into the continuing educational activities of other allied health professions. The author discusses
With globalization education has become a tradable service governed by the rules and regulations of GATS and worth trillions of dollars. International standards are rapidly being developed to facilitate cross border supply of services. In medicaleducation, the WFME has produced International Guidelines on Quality in MedicalEducation which has a regional equivalent in the WHO Western Pacific Region, and the IIME has defined the minimum essential requirements of standards in medicaleducation in seven core competences. Malaysia, having an explicit policy of making education a sector for revenue generation, has put in place regulatory frameworks and incentives to make the country a centre of educational excellence. Within the ambit of this national aspiration, medicaleducation has grown phenomenally in the last decade. Standards and procedures for accreditation of medical schools in line with the world standards have been developed and implemented and policies are enforced to facilitate compliance to the standards. The ultimate goal is for medical schools to be self-accredited. In striving towards self-accreditation medical schools should be innovative in making changes in the three requirements of medicaleducation. These are the intellectual and social imperatives and strategies for effective implementation. PMID:16315616
Discusses ways that moral values can be taught in K-12 physicaleducation courses including competitive sports, gymnastics, dancing, hiking, and camping. Teachers must help students to handle competitiveness, and to transfer their experiences of sportsmanship, cooperation, trust, and personal integrity to other areas of their lives. (AM)
This booklet is the product of a conference of the American Association of Health, PhysicalEducation, and Recreation, the purpose of which was to revise professional preparation quidelines in dance, physicaleducation, recreation education, and health and safety education. This report includes sections on physicaleducation and coaching and on
American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.
The world of physics is usually linked to a large variety of subjects spanning from astrophysics, nuclear/high energy physics, materials and optical sciences, plasma physics etc. Lesser is known about the exciting world of medicalphysics that includes radiation therapy physics, medical diagnostic and imaging physics, nuclear medicine physics, and medical radiation safety. These physicists are typically based in hospital departments of radiation oncology or radiology, and provide technical support for patient diagnosis and treatment in a clinical environment. This talk will focus on providing a bridge between selected areas of physics and their medical applications. The journey will first start from our understanding of high energy beam production and transport beamlines for external beam treatment of diseases (e.g., electron, gamma, X-ray and proton machines) as they relate to accelerator physics. We will then embrace the world of nuclear/high energy physics where detectors development provide a unique tool for understanding low energy beam distribution emitted from radioactive sources used in Brachytherapy treatment modality. Because the ultimate goal of radiation based therapy is its killing power on tumor cells, the next topic will be microdosimetry where responses of biological systems can be studied via electromagnetic systems. Finally, the impact on the imaging world will be embraced using tools heavily used in plasma physics, fluid mechanics and Monte Carlo simulations. These various scientific areas provide unique opportunities for faculty and students at universities, as well as for staff from research centers and laboratories to contribute in this field. We will conclude with the educational training related to medicalphysics programs.
Intended for physicaleducation teachers, the booklet describes informal and formal methods for evaluating handicapped children to determine whether they can participate in a regular physicaleducation program with nonhandicapped students, in a regular physicaleducation program with modification, or in a specially designed physicaleducation
Formal education for medical library specialization was initiated only thirty-two years ago despite the fact that medical libraries received special treatment for many years before that time. The philosophy of specialized education was developed as early as 1925, and this theory was finally put into practice beginning with the medical reference and bibliography course given at Columbia in 1939. In the late 1940s the requisites for medical librarians were formalized into a certification code by the Medical Library Association, and since that time specialized education for medical librarians has grown stronger using this code as a guideline. This education consists basically of two typesformal library school courses and internship programs which offer a working-while-learning situation. Now that the established programs have a few years of history, there is a need for evaluation and restatement of goals and methods.
Clusters of medically unexplained physical symptoms have been referred to in the literature by many different labels, including somatization, symptom-based conditions, and functional somatic syndromes, among many others. The traditional medical perspective has been to classify and study these symptoms and functional syndromes separately. In psychiatry, current taxonomies (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, 4th edition, and The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision) classify these syndromes together under the rubric of somatoform disorders. In this article we approach medically unexplained physical symptoms from a psychiatric perspective and discuss the common features that unite multiple unexplained symptoms or functional somatic syndromes as a class. Included in this article is a discussion of nosological issues, clinical assessment, how these syndromes are viewed within the various medical specialties, and clinical management and treatment.
Escobar, Javier I; Hoyos-Nervi, Constanza; Gara, Michael
The rapid development of communication and information technologies lead to the changes in continuing medicaleducation by offering the possibility to move up-to-date medical information through Internet to the physicians. The main goal of this study was to create a virtual space for continuing medicaleducation. In this context, a number of computer-assisted tools for instruction, evaluation and utilization in
Editorial Board; Sorana D. BOLBOACA; Lorentz JÄNTSCHI; Iuliu Hatieganu; Rev Electron Biomed; Electron J Biomed; Maxim V. Trushin; Jesús Coma del Corral
...ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State...does not provide physicaleducation to children without disabilities in the... (b) Regular physicaleducation. Each child with a disability must...
...ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State...does not provide physicaleducation to children without disabilities in the... (b) Regular physicaleducation. Each child with a disability must...
We believe that economists have much to learn from educational research practices and related pedagogical innovations in other disciplines, in particular physicseducation. In this paper we identify three key features of physicseducation research that distinguish it from economics education research - (1) the intentional grounding of physicseducation research in learning science principles, (2) a shared conceptual research
We believe that economists have much to learn from educational research practices and related pedagogical innovations in other disciplines, in particular physicseducation. In this paper we identify three key features of physicseducation research that distinguish it from economics education research - (1) the intentional grounding of physicseducation research in learning science principles, (2) a shared conceptual research
|Objective: Despite the acknowledged importance of ethics education in medical school, little empirical work has been done to assess the needs and preferences of medical students regarding ethics curricula. Methods: Eighty-three medical students at the University of New Mexico participated in a self-administered written survey including 41 scaled
Lehrmann, Jon A.; Hoop, Jinger; Hammond, Katherine Green; Roberts, Laura Weiss
|The miracles of modern medical technology are sometimes accompanied by unanticipated costs affecting survivors' quality of life. This article considers the educational implications for three groups of children who could not survive without medical intervention: children treated for cancer, low birth-weight and premature infants, and the medically
|Prepared by the Council on MedicalEducation of the American Medical Association with the cooperation of collaborating organizations, this document is a collection of guidelines for accredited programs for medical assistants, nuclear medicine technology, orthopedic assistants, radiation therapy technology, and radiologic technologists. The
American Medical Association, Chicago, IL. Council on Medical Education.
One question facing kinesiologists today is how to implement findings from research into society, in this case, physicaleducation. In this paper I examine the role of a balanced approach to educationalphysicaleducation in promoting physical activity. I argue that limiting physicaleducation to simple tasks that encourage students to workout at
|One question facing kinesiologists today is how to implement findings from research into society, in this case, physicaleducation. In this paper I examine the role of a balanced approach to educationalphysicaleducation in promoting physical activity. I argue that limiting physicaleducation to simple tasks that encourage students to workout at
This web site contains an online version of "The Physical Principles of Medical Imaging" textbook with links to each chapter from the book or an on-line module. The textbook covers topics on the basic physics of radiation as well as the details of specific imaging methods. Links to other online curricular resources and learning modules are also available.
|Schools are expected to lead in physical activity promotion for youths. Specifically, physicaleducators are being asked to take on the role of the school physical activity director (PAD) and implement a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP). Quality physicaleducation, classroom-based physical activity, recess and other activity
Beighle, Aaron; Erwin, Heather; Castelli, Darla; Ernst, Michael
|The purpose of this study was to assess physical activity levels during high school physicaleducation lessons. The data were considered in relation to recommended levels of physical activity to ascertain whether or not physicaleducation can be effective in helping young people meet health-related goals. Sixty-two boys and 60 girls (aged 11-14
|From the early 19th century until the most recent two decades, open-space and satellite museums featuring anatomy and pathology collections (collectively referred to as "medical museums") had leading roles in medicaleducation. However, many factors have caused these roles to diminish dramatically in recent years. Chief among these are the great
Marreez, Yehia M. A-H.; Willems, Luuk N. A.; Wells, Michael R.
|As medicaleducation research advances, it is important that education researchers employ rigorous methods for conducting and reporting their investigations. In this article we discuss several important yet oft neglected issues in designing experimental research in education. First, randomization controls for only a subset of possible
Through its programmatic efforts and its publications, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has helped define the role and responsibilities of the nuclear medicine physicist in the practice of nuclear medicine. This paper describes the initiatives that the IAEA has undertaken to support medicalphysics in nuclear medicine. In 1984, the IAEA provided guidance on how to ensure that the equipment used for detecting, imaging, and quantifying radioactivity is functioning properly (Technical Document [TECDOC]-137, "Quality Control of Nuclear Medicine Instruments"). An updated version of IAEA-TECDOC-137 was issued in 1991 as IAEA-TECDOC-602, and this included new chapters on scanner-computer systems and single-photon emission computed tomography systems. Nuclear medicine physics was introduced as a part of a project on radiation imaging and radioactivity measurements in the 2002-2003 IAEA biennium program in Dosimetry and Medical Radiation Physics. Ten years later, IAEA activities in this field have expanded to cover quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) of nuclear medicine equipment, education and clinical training, professional recognition of the role of medical physicists in nuclear medicine physics, and finally, the coordination of research and development activities in internal dosimetry. As a result of these activities, the IAEA has received numerous requests to support the development and implementation of QA or QC programs for radioactivity measurements in nuclear medicine in many Member States. During the last 5 years, support was provided to 20 Member States through the IAEA's technical cooperation programme. The IAEA has also supported education and clinical training of medical physicists. This type of support has been essential for the development and expansion of the MedicalPhysics profession, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The need for basic as well as specialized clinical training in medicalphysics was identified as a priority for healthcare providers in many countries. The IAEA's response to meet the increasing needs for training has been 2-folds. Through its regular program, a priority is given to the development of standardized syllabi and education and clinical training guides. Through its technical cooperation programme, support is given for setting up national medicalphysicseducation and clinical training programs in countries. In addition, fellowships are granted for professionals working in the field for specialized training, and workshops are organized at the national and regional level in specialized topics of nuclear medicine physics. So as to support on-the-job training, the IAEA has also setup a gamma camera laboratory in Seibersdorf, Austria. The laboratory is also equipped with QC tools and equipments, and radioisotopes are procured when training events are held. About 2-3 specialized courses are held every year for medical physicists at the IAEA gamma camera laboratory. In the area of research and development, the IAEA supports, through its coordinated research projects, new initiatives in quantitative nuclear medicine and internal dosimetry. The future of nuclear medicine is driven by advances in instrumentation, by the ever increasing availability of computing power and data storage, and by the development of new radiopharmaceuticals for molecular imaging and therapy. Future developments in nuclear medicine are partially driven by, and will influence, nuclear medicine physics and medicalphysics. To summarize, the IAEA has established a number of programs to support nuclear medicine physics and will continue to do so through its coordinated research activities, education and training in clinical medicalphysics, and through programs and meetings to promote standardization and harmonization of QA or QC procedures for imaging and treatment of patients. PMID:23561455
...Health Service Medical Professionals Recruitment and Continuing Education Programs Announcement...support for medical professionals' recruitment and continuing education programs...agreement is to enhance medical professional recruitment and continuing education...
This paper provides the Council on Graduate MedicalEducation (COGME) with an assessment of the impact of managed care on the medicaleducation environment. Issues examined include an assessment of the need to revise medicaleducation at both the undergra...
|The Secretary of Education advocates parent choice of elementary and secondary schools and decentralization of school management. The medical profession is encouraged to become involved in elementary and secondary education and the medical profession to become involved in communities, recruiting minority students at all levels and increasing
|This study investigated the provision of physicaleducation (PE) in Singapore. Singapore is a small island city state of approximately 699 square kilometres with a population of about 4 million people. This article aims to highlight the current status of PE in Singapore schools and compare it against suggested international standards and
McNeill, Michael; Lim, Boon San Coral; Wang, Chee Keng John; Tan, Wee Keat Clara; MacPhail, Ann
This study investigated the provision of physicaleducation (PE) in Singapore. Singapore is a small island city state of approximately 699 square kilometres with a population of about 4 million people. This article aims to highlight the current status of PE in Singapore schools and compare it against suggested international standards and recommendations. From questionnaires distributed to every school on
Michael McNeill; Boon San Coral Lim; Chee Keng John Wang; Wee Keat Clara Tan; Ann MacPhail
Computational physics provides a broader, more balanced, and more flexible education than a traditional physics major. Moreover, presenting physics within a scientific problem-solving paradigm is a more effective and efficient way to teach physics than the traditional approach.
|Although medicaleducation changes in response to advances in biological sciences and technology, changes in public health and attitudes outside medicine may have even more impact on medicaleducation. Medical students need a foundation in both natural and social sciences to deal with the complex interrelationships between social and physical
Although medicaleducation changes in response to advances in biological sciences and technology, changes in public health and attitudes outside medicine may have even more impact on medicaleducation. Medical students need a foundation in both natural and social sciences to deal with the complex interrelationships between social and physical
OBJECTIVES: To determine the amount of time spent providing medicationeducation to older patients, the impact of medicationeducation\\u000a on patients knowledge and satisfaction, and barriers to providing medicationeducation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN: Telephone survey of patients within 48 hours of hospital discharge and direct survey of physicians and pharmacists.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a SETTING: Internal medicine ward in a tertiary care teaching hospital.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a PARTICIPANTS: Patients
This collection of interactive, research-based simulations introduces students to basic physical phenomena. The simulations cover a variety of topics: motion, sound, and waves; light and radiation; electricity, magnets, and circuits; chemistry; and many others. The simulations can be run from the web site or downloaded for later use, and are accompanied by a collection of lessons and activities that use them. There is also information on how to download and run the simulations and links to publications about the project and studies of the effectiveness of the simulations in teaching. Educators are also invited to contribute ideas for lesson or activities that use the simulations.
Development of computer networks and introduction and application of new technologies in all aspects of human activity needs to be followed by universities in their transformation on how to approach scientific, research, and education teaching curricula. Development and increased use of distance learning (DL) over the past decade have clearly shown the potential and efficiency of information technology applied in education. Use of information technology in medicaleducation is where medical informatics takes its place as important scientific discipline which ensures benefit from IT in teaching and learning process involved. Definition of telemedicine as "use of technologies based on health care delivered on distance" covers areas such as electronic health, tele-health (eHealth), telematics, but also tele-education. Web based medicaleducation today is offered in different forms--from online lectures, online exams, web based continuous education programs, use of electronic libraries, online medical and scientific databases etc. Department of Medical Informatics of Medical Faculty of University of Sarajevo has taken many steps to introduce distance learning in medical curricula--from organising professional--scientific events (congresses, workshop etc), organizing first tele-exam at the faculty and among first at the university, to offering online lectures and online education material at the Department's website (www.unsa-medinfo.org). Distance learning in medicaleducation, as well as telemedicine, significantly influence health care in general and are shaping the future model of medical practice. Basic computer and networks skills must be a part of all future medical curricula. The impact of technical equipment on patient-doctor relationship must be taken into account, and doctors have to be trained and prepared for diagnosing or consulting patients by use of IT. Telemedicine requires special approach in certain medical fields--tele-consultation, tele-surgery, tele-radiology and other specific telemedicine applications should be introduced to the curricula. Telemedicine and distance learning are best suited for medicaleducation and doctor-to-doctor consultation--first contact between doctor and a patient should stay face-to-face when possible. In this paper, we present the results of the project Introduction and Implementation of Distance Learning at the Medical Faculty of University of Sarajevo and compare it with the following expected outcomes: development and integration of information technology in medicaleducation; creation of flexible infrastructure which will enable access to e-learning to all students and teaching staff; improvement of digital literacy of academic population; ensuring high educational standards to students and teaching staff; helping medical staffto develop "life-long learning" approach in work and education. PMID:20380118
From the early 19th century until the most recent two decades, open-space and satellite museums featuring anatomy and pathology collections (collectively referred to as "medical museums") had leading roles in medicaleducation. However, many factors have caused these roles to diminish dramatically in recent years. Chief among these are the great advances in information technology and web-based learning that are currently at play in every level of medical training. Some medical schools have abandoned their museums while others have gradually given away their museums' contents to devote former museum space to new classrooms, lecture halls, and laboratories. These trends have accelerated as medical school enrollment has increased and as increasing interest in biological and biomedical research activities have caused medical schools to convert museum space into research facilities. A few medical schools, however, have considered the contents of their museums as irreplaceable resources for modern medicine and medicaleducation and the space these occupy as great environments for independent and self-directed learning. Consequently, some medical schools have updated their medical museums and equipped them with new technologies. The Anatomical Museum of Leiden University Medical Center in The Netherlands and the Medical Museum of Kawasaki Medical School in Kurashiki, Okayama, Japan, are two examples of such upgraded museums. Student surveys at Leiden University have indicated that all students (100%) found audio-guided museum tours to be useful for learning and majorities of them found guided tours to be clinically relevant (87%). However, 69% of students felt that museum visits should be optional rather than compulsory within the medical training curriculum. PMID:20814912
Marreez, Yehia M A-H; Willems, Luuk N A; Wells, Michael R
Despite many efforts to increase ethics education in US medical schools, barriers continue to arise that impede the production of morally driven physicians who practice medicine with ideal empathy. Research has shown that, particularly during the clinical years, medical students lose the ability both to recognize ethical dilemmas and to approach such situations with compassionate reasoning. This article summarizes the current status of ethics education in US medical schools, described through the eyes of and alongside the story of a graduating medical student. PMID:23793349
This bulletin prescribes the minimum course content for all physicaleducation programs in the public schools of Alabama and is the basis from which physicaleducation programs are developed by local education agencies. The document contains the following sections: (1) curriculum trends in physicaleducation; (2) a conceptual framework for the
The 2006 PhysicsEducation Research Conference brought together researchers studying a wide variety of topics in physicseducation including transfer of knowledge, learning in upper level physics courses, pre-service education, and cross-disciplinary learning. The theme of this conference was "Discipline-Based Education Research in Other STEM Disciplines."
Financing and cost factors in medicaleducation and the effect of the many missions of a medical school on funding issues are discussed. The teaching mission of medical schools includes undergraduate medicaleducation (preparation for the MD degree), graduate medicaleducation (training of resident physicians), biomedical specialist education,
|Adventure-physicaleducation has been proposed to promote adolescents' physical development, but little is known about physical activity levels during such lessons. Using the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time, we observed students' (ages 11-14 years) physical activity levels in co-educational classes during 43 adventure-physical
Gehris, Jeffrey; Myers, Elizabeth; Whitaker, Robert
Background: Reduced level of physical activity, as an important problem of urbanization and industrial development, has a considerable impact on the population morbidity and mortality. The rate of inactivity has been reported to be 6085% in adults worldwide. Considering the importance of physical activity among youth, the aim of this study was to evaluate the physical activity among university students. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study physical activity was assessed in 399 medical and public health students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Physical activity was evaluated by standard questionnaire in four fields containing job, transport, work, and leisure time at home. Findings: Regarding moderate physical activity, 48.6% of students were active and the rest were inactive. Regarding severe physical activity, 32.6% were active and the rest were inactive. Mean number of hours for moderate activity per day was 1.96 ± 0.19 h/day in the last 7 days. There was a significant relationship between physical activity and sex and students course of study. Conclusion: The results indicated that the level of physical activity was not sufficient among students; therefore, considering its importance among students, it is necessary to educate them regarding lifestyle modification specially to increase the level of physical activity during their leisure time.
Primary current concerns of curriculum theorists in sport and physicaleducation relate to clarification of value orientations underlying curricular decision-making, selection and statement of curriculum goals, identification and organization of programme content, and the process of curriculum change. Disciplinary mastery is the most traditional value orientation and that which is most frequently found in practice. Curriculum theorists have identified four other value orientations for study: social reconstruction, self-actualization, learning process, and ecological validity. Health-related fitness and the development of motor skills have long been the primary goals of physicaleducation. In recent years, however, curriculum specialists have begun to assign higher priorities to goals of personal integration and challenge, of social development and multicultural understanding. There is general agreement that human movement activities constitute the subject-matter of the sport and physicaleducation curriculum. Differences exist, however, as to how learning activities should be selected for particular programmes. The current trend in seeking better understanding of content is toward studying the operational curriculum with particular attention to the historical and social contexts. An important contemporary focus is the need to translate short-term results into lifestyle changes. The curriculum in sports and physicaleducation should be viewed as a multitude of possibilities.
|Physicaleducators are often frustrated when a student behaves in a way that compromises the learning environment for the entire group. Inappropriate behavior may vary from kicking a ball across the room rather than returning it under the net, to consistent wisecracking during class. When such behavior is limited to one or two students,
|School physicaleducation programs can be an invaluable source of information, support, and help for overweight children and adolescents. Such programs can stress the value of exercise and individually designed fitness plans and emphasize nutrition in weight control. Basic elements for designing such programs are discussed. (PP)|
|Evidence suggests that teachers are often at risk for vocal disease and are more likely to change occupations because of their voice problems compared to non-teachers. Physicaleducators are especially at risk for voice problems due to the intense daily demands of voice projection. Chronic abuse can cause swelling and inflammation of the
This physical science guide, for use at the secondary level, is one of a series of guides, K-12, that were developed by teachers to help introduce environmental education into the total curriculum. The guides are supplementary in design, containing a series of episodes (minilessons) that emphasize a student-centered, scientific approach to gain
A theoretical framework for incorporating relaxation instruction in the physicaleducation curriculum is presented based on the assumption that relaxation is a muscular-skeletal skill benefitting general motor skill acquisition. Theoretical principles, a definition of relaxation, and an analysis of stages of skill development are also used in the
This poststructuralist study critically examines the nature and function of developmental discourses in N e w Zealand school physicaleducation. Since the inception of formal schooling in N e w Zealand, physicaleducators have insisted that physicaleducation can and does assist children to develop their physical, cognitive, emotional, social and spiritual selves. These disciplinary claims provide the conceptual foundation
The last 25 years have witnessed significant changes in the field of physicaleducation in higher education that include the disciplinarization of the field of study and the generation of a broader front of professional options for physical activity than the single focus of teacher training. The field of physicaleducation in higher education has not displayed uniformity in reacting
In this document I will review the characteristics and applications of silicon detectors in MedicalPhysics. I will cover the activities done by some research mexican groups working with silicon detectors (Silicon Strip and PIN detectors) as devices for digital imaging supported by some Monte Carlo simulations and X-ray units parameters valuation devices for quality control. In the end I will give some perspectives on the future of these scientific activities as important contributions in the development of the area of MedicalPhysics around the world.
Montano Zetina, Luis Manuel [Physics Department, Cinvestav, Mexico City (Mexico)
The contract required the performance of three tasks, each devoted to the development of information relating to the enhancement of podiatric medicaleducation in the United States: Task 1 developed information which could facilitate the establishment of ...
For all its traditional successes, the current model of medicaleducation in the United States and Canada is being challenged on issues of quality, throughput, and cost, a process that has exposed numerous shortcomings in its efforts to meet the needs of the nations' health care systems. A radical change in direction is required because the current path will not lead to a solution.The 2010 publication Educating Physicians: A Call for Reform of Medical School and Residency identifies several goals for improving the medicaleducation system, and proposals have been made to reform medicaleducation to meet these goals. Enacting these recommendations practically and efficiently, while training more health care providers at a lower cost, is challenging.To advance solutions, the authors review innovations that are disrupting higher education and describe a vision for using these to create a new model for competency-based, learner-centered medicaleducation that can better meet the needs of the health care system while adhering to the spirit of the above proposals. These innovations include collaboration amongst medical schools to develop massive open online courses for didactic content; faculty working in small groups to leverage this online content in a "flipped-classroom" model; and digital badges for credentialing entrustable professional activities over the continuum of learning. PMID:23969368
Mehta, Neil B; Hull, Alan L; Young, James B; Stoller, James K
|Mind-body dualism has likely influenced how many view human beings and their behavior--mind (i.e., thinking) is elevated over body (i.e., performing)--even in PhysicalEducation Teacher Education. The problem is that such a perspective makes physicaleducation content (i.e., dance, games, play, and sport) subsidiary to more "intellectual" or
John Cameron has made significant contributions to the field of MedicalPhysics. His contributions encompassed research and development, technical developments and education. He had a particular interest in the education of medical physicists in developing countries. Structured clinical training is also an essential component of the professional development of a medical physicist. This paper considers aspects of the clinical training and education of medical physicists in South-East Asia and the challenges facing the profession in the region if it is to keep pace with the rapid increase in the amount and technical complexity of medicalphysics infrastructure in the region. PMID:22279500
|(Purpose) This report summarizes a synthesis of the literature related to the evidence, initiatives and approaches to rural/northern medicaleducation, particularly its role in strengthening the medical workforce in rural areas. (Methodology) A literature review was conducted involving the literature databases MEDLINE (January 1990-March 2003),
Curran, Vernon R.; Bornstein, Stephen; Jong, Michael; Fleet, Lisa
|Proceedings of a conference on MedicalEducation in the Contemporary World, organized by Dr. George E. Miller and sponsored by the University of Illinois in Chicago, September 13-14, 1976, are presented. American and foreign medical edu- cation experts considered the principal and recurrent problems confronting the field in a period of rapid
|The Norwegian Medical Association is given responsibility for training and continuing medicaleducation by the government. Government financial support enables the association to provide courses without support from the pharmaceutical industry. Current emphases include doctors as individual learners, as counselors, and as mentors. (SK)|
|Nine papers dealing with educational, psychological, and medical aspects of the management of children with learning disabilities focus upon the medically-related aspects and information which would be useful to a multidisciplinary team in coordinating differential diagnostic efforts and instituting remediation programs. Discussions of the
URING a two months' tour of America in the autumn of last year I visited 19 of the 88 medical schools in the United States and Canada. On the strength of a very rapid survey of these schools I propose to attempt, rashly perhapm, to give some idea of American medicaleducation. I am of the opinion that the buildings
The author recently audited all of the courses taken by first and second year medical students at the University of Minnesota. On the basis of that experience, he recommends physics topics which those students will find useful, such as the Boltzmann factor, diffusion and osmosis, Thevenin's theorem, nerve conduction, a detailed discussion of the electrocardiogram, relaxation oscillators, feedback, Fourier series,
Discussed are medical applications of ultrasound. The physics of the wave nature of ultrasound including its propagation and production, return by the body, spatial and contrast resolution, attenuation, image formation using pulsed echo ultrasound techniques, measurement of velocity and duplex scanning are described. (YP)
The noncontact magnetic manipulation of probe masses within the body is an area of research that has received substantial attention from the medicalphysics community, especially during the past three decades. The therapeutic and diagnostic possibilities arising from such technology include site-specific drug delivery within the central nervous system, advancement of techniques for navigation and selective catheterization of vessels within
G. T. Gillies; R. C. Ritter; W. C. Broaddus; M. S. Grady; M. A. Howard; R. G. McNeil
|Discussed are medical applications of ultrasound. The physics of the wave nature of ultrasound including its propagation and production, return by the body, spatial and contrast resolution, attenuation, image formation using pulsed echo ultrasound techniques, measurement of velocity and duplex scanning are described. (YP)|
The author's main purpose is to review the techniques and applications of the Monte Carlo method in medical radiation physics since Raeside's review article in 1976. Emphasis is given to applications where proton and\\/or electron transport in matter is simulated. Some practical aspects of Monte Carlo practice, mainly related to random numbers and other computational details, are discussed in connection
Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medicaleducation meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, "learning at bedside," aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medicaleducation - their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education. PMID:23408471
Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medicaleducation meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, learning at bedside, aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medicaleducation their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education.
|As residents and medical students progress through their medical training, they are presented with multiple instances in which they feel they must manipulate the healthcare system and deceive others in order to efficiently treat their patients. This, however, creates a culture of manipulation resulting in untoward effects on trainees' ethical and
This article reviews changes in undergraduate and postgraduate medicaleducation since the Flexner report of 1910. I argue that many of the changes in the twentieth century could be viewed as 'post-Flexnerian', and related to the integration of biomedical science in the preclinical medical curriculum. I then go on to argue that recent changes in the health care systems worldwide will force a critical re-examination of our approach to clinical education-a 'post-Oslerian' era. I suggest that one approach would be to decouple clinical education from clinical care, to some degree, and supplement with curricula designed around careful sequencing of simulated cases. PMID:23316454
It has long been recognised that intensive efforts are needed to reform medicaleducation in order to meet the future needs of populations worldwide. Pressure for changes to the organisation, content and delivery of both undergraduate and postgraduate medicaleducation has greatly increased in the last two decades. The experience of innovative medical schools, the emergence of learner-centred teaching methods and the implications of health-care reforms in North America and Britain are major factors influencing calls for change. The pace of change has accelerated to such an extent in recent years that progress towards widespread reform appears to be more attainable than ever before. This article provides an overview of the changing context of health-care, some patterns of existing medicaleducation and some strategies for change.
|THIS SPECIAL ISSUE OF "PHYSICS TODAY" REVIEWS THE STATUS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS, AS WELL AS COLLEGE PHYSICS AND PHYSICAL SCIENCE. SECONDARY LEVEL PROJECTS INCLUDE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STUDY COMMITTEE PHYSICS, HARVARD PROJECT PHYSICS, THE ENGINEERING CONCEPTS CURRICULUM PROJECT, AND THE NUFFIELD PROJECT. THOSE AT THE COLLEGE LEVEL INCLUDE THE
This paper addresses the need for the continued assessment of the course content and instructional methods traditionally employed within physicaleducation teacher education programs to deliver theoretical and applied information from the foundational subdiscipline of exercise physiology. The current literature suggests that physicaleducation teacher educators must implement alternative instructional strategies in order to help students effectively inteprate exercise physiology
Sean M. Bulger; Derek J. Mohr; Linda M. Carson; Darren L. Robert; Robert L. Wiegand
|The purpose of this study was to examine K-12 physicaleducation teachers' perceptions of ability and usage of technology. Physicaleducators (n = 114) completed the PhysicalEducation Technology Usage Survey assessing their perceived technology competency, how and why they utilize technology, challenges they face in implementing technology, and
Woods, Marianne L.; Goc Karp, Grace; Miao, Hui; Perlman, Dana
The development of values through physical activity has been a longstanding objective of physicaleducators and coaches. Unfortunately, there is little evidence about values education through physical activity. This paper discusses the problems educators have encountered in values development in a sports setting and presents a model through which a more productive approach to teaching can be taken. The model
|This study examined attitudes of high school students toward fitness and sports activities taught in physicaleducation, and the perceived effectiveness of their physicaleducation curriculum for improving their fitness and skill levels. Students from six high schools and 17 intact physicaleducation classes agreed to participate. Data were
Medicaleducation began in Saudi Arabia in 1969 when King Saud University, the first medical school was established. Since then globalization has brought numerous challenges. In this paper, we review the status of medicaleducation and its expected future projects.
|"Assessing Dance in Elementary PhysicalEducation" is a special edition of the NASPE Assessment Series for K-12 PhysicalEducation. Elementary school physicaleducators finally have a book that can help them plan assessments for dance, an important part of a comprehensive physicaleducation curriculum. Through dance, students develop their motor
In south-central Kansas school districts, a clinical nurse specialist serves as a liaison for the exchange of medical and health care information between the educators, health care providers, and parents of students with special health needs. The liaison also makes classroom observations and attends individualized education program meetings. (SV)
The Bologna Process designates the ongoing activities whereby the Ministers responsible for Higher Education in Europe attempt to change and harmonize fundamental aspects of all higher education in the many countries involved. This grand scheme is gaining momentum. The number of participating countries is increasing, more aspects of higher education are included and the number of activities and projects is growing. Medicaleducation has so far been neglected in the process and awareness of the development at medical schools has been limited. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the Bologna Process, its background, objectives and main activities and to draw attention to some of the challenges medicaleducation will probably have to face in the near future such as a structure based on two main cycles, undergraduate and graduate, a system of easily readable and comparable degrees and European cooperation in quality assurance including a system of accreditation, certification or comparable procedures. The position of medicaleducation towards the Bologna Process is essential. PMID:15763853
The 2008 PhysicsEducation Research Conference brought together researchers studying a wide variety of topics in physicseducation. The conference theme was âPhysicsEducation Research with Diverse Student Populationsâ. Researchers specializing in diversity issues were invited to help establish a dialog and spur discussion about how the results from this work can inform the physicseducation research community. The organizers encouraged physicseducation researchers who are using research-based instructional materials with non-traditional students at either the pre-college level or the college level to share their experiences as instructors and researchers in these classes.
|Physical activity engagement during physicaleducation is important for many reasons, including developing physical fitness and movement skills and promoting health. Much more is known about physical activity in elementary than secondary schools. We examined physical activity and how it was influenced by instructor-related and environmental
Due to its achievements, nuclear physics is more and more present in life of every member of the society. Its applications in the medical field and in nuclear energy, as well as the advanced research, always pushing the limits of science towards micro cosmos and macro cosmos, are subjects frequently presented in the media. In addition to their invaluable benefits, these achievements involve also particular rules to prevent potential risks. These risks are also underlined by the media, often being presented in an unfriendly manner. Specialists in nuclear physics are familiar with these problems complying with the specific rules in order to reduce risks at insignificant levels. The development of a specific field (``Radiation protection'') defining norms and requirements for ``assuring the radiological safety of the workers, population and environment,'' and its dynamics represent a proof of a responsible attitude regarding nuclear safety. Dedicated international bodies and experts analyze and rigorously evaluate risks in order to draw the right ways of managing activity in the field. The improvement of the formal and informal education of public regarding the real risks of nuclear applications is very important in order to understand and better assimilate some general rules concerning the use of these techniques, as well as for their correct perception, leading to an increase of interest towards nuclear physics. This educational update can be started even from elementary school and continued in each stage of formal education in adapted forms. The task of informing general public is to be carried out mainly by specialists who, unlike 30-40 years ago, can rely on a much more efficient generation of communications' mean. Taking into account the lack of interest for nuclear, an attractive way of presenting the achievements and future possibilities of nuclear physics would contribute to youth orientation towards specific universities in order to become next generation of specialists in the field. Facing new challenges, society becomes aware of the fact that education represents the real solution to escalade them. Nuclear physics plays an important role in ensuring energetic resources for the near future and in reducing greenhouse effects. On the other hand, especially nuclear physics will permit to solve the enigma of universe birth. As in any other field, development involves continuous education and knowledge upgrading for all categories carrying out nuclear activities. For radiation protection workers and specialists, periodically refreshment courses are mandatory, in compliance with the national and international specific requirements.
There are 29 medical schools in Argentina (this number has increased rapidly in the last decade) offering a 6-year curriculum that usually consists of 3 years of basic science, 2 years of clinical sciences, and one internship year. Annually, 5,000 physicians graduate from these programs. Admission requirements vary depending on each university's policy. Some do not have entry requirements; others require a course, usually on the basics of mathematics, biology, chemistry or physics, and some introduction to social and humanistic studies. Each year, there are approximately 12,000 first-year medical students attending the 29 schools, which suffer a high dropout rate during the first years because of vocational problems or inability to adapt to university life. Some schools have massive classes (over 2,000 students), which makes it difficult for the schools to perfect their teaching. The number of full-time faculty members is low, and some of them have appointments at more than one medical school. Residency programs offer an insufficient number of places, and fewer than 50% of the graduates can obtain a residency position because of strict admission requirements. Coordination between the Ministry of Health, representing the health care system, and the Ministry of Education, representing the medicaleducation system, needs to be improved. Despite the problems of medicaleducation in Argentina, the movement to improve the education of health care workers is growing. The author offers two recommendations to help accomplish this goal. PMID:17122474
Although environmental factors contribute to more than 25% of all global disease, and toxic agents ranked fifth in underlying causes of U.S. deaths in 2000, environmental medicine education is largely omitted in the continuum of U.S. medicaleducation. The paucity of specialists trained in environmental medicine (i.e., occupational medicine and other preventive medicine specialties and subspecialties), coupled with the lack
Kimberly S. Gehle; Jewel L. Crawford; Michael T. Hatcher
Background The Internet provides a means of disseminating medicaleducation curricula, allowing institutions to share educational resources. Much of what is published online is poorly planned, does not meet learners' needs, or is out of date. Discussion Applying principles of curriculum development, adult learning theory and educational website design may result in improved online educational resources. Key steps in developing and implementing an education website include: 1) Follow established principles of curriculum development; 2) Perform a needs assessment and repeat the needs assessment regularly after curriculum implementation; 3) Include in the needs assessment targeted learners, educators, institutions, and society; 4) Use principles of adult learning and behavioral theory when developing content and website function; 5) Design the website and curriculum to demonstrate educational effectiveness at an individual and programmatic level; 6) Include a mechanism for sustaining website operations and updating content over a long period of time. Summary Interactive, online education programs are effective for medical training, but require planning, implementation, and maintenance that follow established principles of curriculum development, adult learning, and behavioral theory.
Continuing medicaleducation is an essential feature of the practice of modern medicine since it furnishes the means to maintain the doctor's ability to provide quality patient care. To ensure that continuing medicaleducation is provided efficiently and in the best quality, and utilized fully, it is necessary that: (1) the medical faculty inculcate in the student the concept of lifelong learning; (2) the practitioner adopt less time-consuming patterns of practice, to free more of his time for learning; (3) community hospital-based clinical teaching be provided universally; and (4) research be conducted to determine the best of current teaching methods and develop better ones. Conflicting efforts to meet these needs by practitioners (whose primary responsibility it is) and by organized medicine, specialty societies, voluntary health agencies and others have led to inefficient use of medical faculty teachers. The key parties in continuing medicaleducationpractitioner and teachercan learn best in medical school-administered programs, which need be supported by all other interested organizations.
Background: Information and communication technology (ICT) has brought many changes in medicaleducation and practice in the last couple of decades. Teaching and learning medicine particularly has gone under profound changes due to computer technologies, and medical schools around the world have invested heavily either in new computer technologies or in the process of adapting to this technological revolution. In order to catch up with the rest of the world, developing countries need to research their options in adapting to new computer technologies. Materials and Methods: This descriptive survey study was designed to assess medical students computer and Internet skills and their attitude toward ICT. Results: Research findings showed that the mean score of self-perceived computer knowledge for male students in general was greater than for female students. Also, students who had participated in various prior computer workshops, had access to computer, Internet, and e-mail, and frequently checked their e-mail had higher mean of self-perceived knowledge and skill score. Finally, students with positive attitude toward ICT scored their computer knowledge higher than those who had no opinion. Conclusions: The results have confirmed that the medical schools, particularly in developing countries, need to bring fundamental changes such as curriculum modification in order to integrate ICT into medicaleducation, creating essential infrastructure for ICT use in medicaleducation and practice, and structured computer training for faculty and students.
Houshyari, Asefeh Badiey; Bahadorani, Mahnaz; Tootoonchi, Mina; Gardiner, John Jacob Zucker; Pena, Roberto A; Adibi, Peyman
The widespread adoption of ultrasound technologies in medicine has necessitated the development of educational programs to address the growing demand for trained expertise in both academia and industry. The demand has been especially great in the field of therapeutic ultrasound that has experienced a significant level of research and development activities in the past decade. The applications cover a wide range including cancer treatment, hemorrhage control, cardiac ablation, gene therapy, and cosmetic surgery. A comprehensive educational program in ultrasound is well suited for bioengineering departments at colleges and universities. Our educational program for students in Bioengineering at the University of Washington includes a year-long coursework covering theory and practice of ultrasound, conducting research projects, attending and presenting at weekly seminars on literature survey, presentations at scientific meetings, and attending specialized workshops offered by various institutions for specific topics. An important aspect of this training is its multi-disciplinary approach, encompassing science, engineering, and medicine. The students are required to build teams with expertise in these disciplines. Our experience shows that these students are well prepared for careers in academia, conducting cutting edge research, as well as industry, being involved in the transformation of research end-products to commercially viable technology.
Where is the present flurry of activity in medicaleducation leading and what sort of future is envisaged? This paper looks at trends in postgraduate medicaleducation. Four themes and two trends for each theme have been identified. The themes are: the postgraduate medical curriculum, the application of learning technologies, assessment of competence, and professionalism in medicaleducation. The trends
|This bulletin documents: (1) a quarter century's progress in medicaleducation, including inadequate governmental control over medicaleducation, action by a voluntary agency, legal power v. publicity, greatly enlarged teaching plants, hospitals as related to medicaleducation, hospital internships, and the hospital as an important educational
Appropriate physicaleducation is a mandated part of a child's Individual Educational Program (IEP). It is not optional, nor should parents want it to be optional. This is the time in the day for the child to develop in a variety of ways that are very important to healthy living for the rest of his or her life. The purpose of physicaleducation is
|Since the emphases of physicaleducation teacher education (PETE) programs can be linked to quality K-12 instruction, embedding Physical Best (PB) materials into existing PETE curricula can be a practical means of addressing the obesity crisis in the public schools. The PB program is a comprehensive, health-related fitness education program that
|Appropriate physicaleducation is a mandated part of a child's Individual Educational Program (IEP). It is not optional, nor should parents want it to be optional. This is the time in the day for the child to develop in a variety of ways that are very important to healthy living for the rest of his or her life. The purpose of physicaleducation
For most of the 20th century, Scottish teacher education in physicaleducation, sport, and recreation were divided by gender and philosophy and provided by two specialist colleges. Analysis of the government's 1986 decision to merge the colleges focuses on the shift in power and control from the self-contained world of physicaleducation to
Social competence is essential for successful performance in school and life. Siedentop (1980) suggested that physicaleducation settings and related activities may serve as useful vehicles for improving pro-social skills and values. Physicaleducation literature draws a clear distinction between educating about, in, and through movement (Arnold,
|The problem of career opportunities in physicaleducation does not lie in the absence or dearth of job openings but in the image the profession has of itself. The basic change required of physicaleducators is an awakening to the possibility and necessity of educating groups other than the traditional seventh to twelfth grades. In addition,
The physician, said Henry Sigerist in 1940, has been acquiring an increasingly social role. For centuries, however, codes of medical ethics have concentrated on proper behavior toward individual patients and almost ignored the doctor's responsibilities to society. Major health service reforms have come principally from motivated lay leadership and citizen groups. Private physicians have been largely hostile toward movements to equalize the economic access for people to medical care and improve the supply and distribution of doctors. Medical practice in America and throughout the world has become seriously commercialized. In response, governments have applied various strategies to constrain physicians and induce more socially responsible behavior. But such external pressures should not be necessary if a broad socially oriented code of medical ethics were followed. Health care system changes would be most effective, but medicaleducation could be thoroughly recast to clarify community health problems and policies required to meet them. Sigerist proposed such a new medical curriculum in 1941; if it had been introduced, a social code of medical ethics would not now seem utopian. An international conference might well be convened to consider how physicians should be educated to reach the inspiring goals of the World Health Organization. PMID:7405276
The physician, said Henry Sigerist in 1940, has been acquiring an increasingly social role. For centuries, however, codes of medical ethics have concentrated on proper behavior toward individual patients and almost ignored the doctor's responsibilities to society. Major health service reforms have come principally from motivated lay leadership and citizen groups. Private physicians have been largely hostile toward movements to equalize the economic access for people to medical care and improve the supply and distribution of doctors. Medical practice in America and throughout the world has become seriously commercialized. In response, governments have applied various strategies to constrain physicians and induce more socially responsible behavior. But such external pressures should not be necessary if a broad socially oriented code of medical ethics were followed. Health care system changes would be most effective, but medicaleducation could be thoroughly recast to clarify community health problems and policies required to meet them. Sigerist proposed such a new medical curriculum in 1941; if it had been introduced, a social code of medical ethics would not now seem utopian. An international conference might well be convened to consider how physicians should be educated to reach the inspiring goals of the World Health Organization.
|Comparable to the K-12 teacher who is charged with demonstrating student achievement, the physicaleducation teacher education (PETE) faculty member is charged with preparing teacher candidates to enter the profession with the knowledge and skills needed to deliver a standards-based physicaleducation program. PE Metrics provides the K-12 teacher
|This collection of papers probes the current trends likely to have the greatest impact on the field of physicaleducation. Contributors explore the future of physicaleducation regarding scholarship, teaching, women faculty, sport management, and wellness programs. The following papers are included: (1) "Considering the Future of Physical
Research in physicseducation has identified students' attitudes and beliefs that contribute to higher gains in learning. The study investigated the extent of change in education majors' attitudes, beliefs and cognitive expectations after going through an introductory physics course. Using the MPEX (Maryland Physics Expectations) Survey and the
The University of Maryland PhysicsEducation Research Group is a combined effort of the Physics Department and School of Education. They study the learning and teaching of physics at the high school and university level. This site offers links to information about PER and teaching and research resources.
Concepts of measurement in physicaleducation are presented in this college-level text to enable the preservice physicaleducation major to develop skills in determining pupil status, designing effective physical activity programs, and measuring student progress. Emphasis is placed upon discussion of essential statistical methods, test
|Physicaleducators at all levels have observed learners in a school-based physicaleducation setting as well as physical activity or sport settings outside of organized school curricula demonstrating behaviors deemed inappropriate or inconsistent with professional standards. Because sport is such a public, social, and international phenomenon,
|This study was to evaluate the relationship between physical activity of young adults who were granted waivers from high school physicaleducation versus those who completed courses in states requiring physicaleducation teacher certification, with curriculum standards and credit requirements for graduation. University students from three
|Studies examining the discourse on issues related to sexual orientation in physicaleducation reveal that the physicaleducation setting is an environment where heterosexism, heteronormativity, and homophobia subsist fervently. The purpose of this article is to review the growing research that has been conducted on homophobia in physical
This study was to evaluate the relationship between physical activity of young adults who were granted waivers from high school physicaleducation versus those who completed courses in states requiring physicaleducation teacher certification, with curriculum standards and credit requirements for graduation. University students from three
The introduction of CSE examinations in physicaleducation has caused a lot of controversy amongst physical educationalists, but there has been little empirical work on the subject. This paper shows the recent general picture of the development of CSE examinations in physicaleducation, and sheds some light on the reasons for that development.The study reported here revealed that the number
The diversity in computer systems used in medicaleducation is described, and the lack of consistant classifications and comparisons noted. A classification scheme based on those characteristics specific to the development and presentation of instructional software is proposed. A graphic system profile approach is used to ensure clarity, while categorization of users and desirable features provides breadth and precision of coverage.
Asserts that North American medicaleducation favors an explicit commitment to traditional values of doctoring--empathy, compassion, and altruism--but a tacit commitment to behaviors grounded in an ethic of detachment, self-interest, and objectivity. Explores differing ways (conflation, deflation, and maintaining of values) that students respond
The grounded theory method provides a systematic way to generate theoretical constructs or concepts that illuminate psychosocial processes common to individual who have a similar expe- rience of the phenomenon under investigation. There has been an increase in the number of pub- lished research reports that use the grounded theory method. However, there has been less medicaleducation research, which
|As the largest country in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and its health care system are well positioned to embark on an online learning intervention so that health care providers in all areas of the country have the resources for updating their professional knowledge and skills. After a brief introduction, online continuing medicaleducation is
The law involved in graduate medicaleducation is discussed in several contexts: when applicants are denied admission to residency programs; when residents are dismissed from programs; and when residents, hospitals sponsoring residency programs, or attending physicians are sued for malpractice. (Author/MLW)
Our growing appreciation for physical activity and its health-related henefits exemplifies the need for physicaleducators who are adequately prepared to Facilitate the development of the skills, knowledge, attitudes, and fitness levels that will enable a child to maintain a physically active lifestyle across the life span. Unfortunately, there is some evidence to suggest that physicaleducation teacher education programs
Sean M. Bulger; Derek J. Mohr; Linda M. Carson; Robert L. Wiegand
Schools play an important role in public health, and the physical, mental, and social benefits of regular physical activity for youth are well documented. Leading public health, medical, and educational organizations have made important physical activity recommendations for school-aged youth. The National Association for Sport and Physical
Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, 2008
|Schools play an important role in public health, and the physical, mental, and social benefits of regular physical activity for youth are well documented. Leading public health, medical, and educational organizations have made important physical activity recommendations for school-aged youth. The National Association for Sport and Physical
Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, 2008
Few avenues exist to familiarize medical students with careers as clinician-educators, and the clinician-educator career pathway has not been well defined. In this article, the authors describe how they integrated a career-oriented student track into the 2011 Northeast Group on Educational Affairs (NEGEA) annual retreat to introduce students to careers in medicaleducation. Annual education conferences are principal sources of educational scholarship, networking, collaboration, and information sharing; as such, they represent attractive venues for early exposure to the culture of medicaleducation. The authors' goal in creating the NEGEA conference student track was to excite students about careers in medicaleducation by providing them with an array of opportunities for active involvement in both student-specific and general conference activities.The authors draw from their experience to provide a guide for recruiting student participants to career-building student tracks. They also offer a guide for developing future student tracks, based on their experience and grounded in social cognitive career theory. Although their focus is on medicaleducation, they believe these guides will be useful for educators planning a conference-based student track in any field. PMID:23807107
About two years ago, the Board on Physics and Astronomy of the National Research Council created a Committee on Undergraduate PhysicsEducation (UPE), with support from the National Science Foundation. The Committee was given the task to identify ``the goals and challenges facing undergraduate physicseducation,'' and ``how best practices for undergraduate physicseducation can be implemented on a widespread and sustained basis.'' The Committee was also asked to ``assess the status of physicseducation research (PER)'' and to ``discuss how PER can assist in accomplishing the goal of improving undergraduate physicseducation best practices and education policy.'' This presentation will report the Committee's findings and recommendations, the latter aimed at audiences ranging from individual physics faculty to departmental and university-wide leadership, and professional societies and funding agencies. The Committee's challenge was daunting. We are experiencing revolutionary changes in higher education, driven by new education technologies and demands for broader and deeper STEM education for more students in more fields. Only a relatively small fraction of undergraduates take physics courses. Nevertheless, half a million undergraduates enroll in at least one physics course in every academic year. PER has become a productive research field with the potential for major contributions to the improvement of undergraduate STEM education generally. Yet, in many---probably most--institutions UPE remains persistently traditional. We all have much to do!
There are only a few studies exploring the quality of undergraduate, graduate and continuing medicaleducation, and there is no systematic approach to evaluating the different spheres of competence--knowledge, medical skills and attitudes. Medical state examination results are not appropriate for assessing the quality of medicaleducation. The implementation of statutory continuing medicaleducation requires quality assurance of its contents, which so far has not been implemented. In the majority of hospitals there is a lack graduate medicaleducation programmes. Future challenges that have to be addressed include important problem areas such as standardized evaluation, recruitment of qualified junior researchers, dealing with the Bologna process, teaching the teachers, quality assurance in continuing medicaleducation and lifelong learning. Since a correlation must be assumed between poor knowledge of the quality of undergraduate, graduate and continuing medicaleducation and the quality of this education itself, we need to close the gap of knowledge relating to the quality of medicaleducation. PMID:19004362
Adler, Guido; von dem Knesebeck, Jost; Hänle, Mark Martin
This web site contains Java Applets best suited for high school PhysicsEducation.A very useful resourve especially for students and educators. There are various Java Applets such as Animation, Simulations, and teacher presentations ready for use.
Recently, there has been an increase in research on becoming teacher educators, yet little is known about becoming physicaleducation teacher educators (PETE). Responding to concerns about the current state of doctoral PETE programs and inadequate preparation of novice teacher educators, this paper explores our transition from high school teaching
The overall purpose of Task 3 was to collect and analyze data, with subsequent preparation of reports regarding costs, operation, and alternative approaches to podiatric medicaleducation that would provide the Government and the profession the basis to m...
The purposes of this study were to examine (a) antifat attitudes among physicaleducation teachers, (b) performance and ability\\u000a expectations for normal and overweight youth, and (c) perceptions of the problem of youth obesity and the role of schools\\u000a and physicaleducation. Participants, 105 physicaleducators, completed a demographic and background questionnaire, the Antifat\\u000a Attitudes Scale (AFAS; Morrison & OConnor),
In this work we present the first activities of the Latin-American PhysicsEducation Network (LAPEN) organized by representatives of Brazil, Cuba, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Peru and Spain. These activities include Seminars, Congress, Postgraduate Programs on PhysicsEducation and several publications. The creation of LAPEN has been inspired and warranted by members of the International Commission on PhysicsEducation of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. LAPEN was constituted in the International Meeting on Teaching Physics and Training Teachers (RIEFEP 2005) which was held in Matanzas, Cuba in November 2005. The creation of LAPEN was also warranted by the General Assembly of the IX Inter-American Conference on PhysicsEducation held in San José, Costa Rica from 3 to 7 July 2006, and by the ICPE Committee in the International Conference on PhysicsEducation 2006 at Tokyo, Japan. LAPEN has a Coordinator Committee integrated by a President, a Vice-president and an Executive Secretary.
Up to the mid-nineties, Korean education could be characterized by quantitative expansion, in line with the industrial development, and physicseducation was no exception. However, the rapid change in technology and international relations led to an ongoing educational reform for qualitative improvement. It strives for customer-oriented education, program divesification, and IT-rich training to prepare people for the future. This paper summarizes the current status of IT-based physicseducation with emphasis on collaborative effort recently initiated in the Korean physics community.
In the last decade, electronic medical record (EMR) use in academic medical centers has increased. Although many have lauded the clinical and operational benefits of EMRs, few have considered the effect these systems have on medicaleducation. The authors review what has been documented about the effect of EMR use on medical learners through the lens of the Accreditation Council for Graduate MedicalEducation's six core competencies for medicaleducation. They examine acknowledged benefits and educational risks to use of EMRs, consider factors that promote their successful use when implemented in academic environments, and identify areas of future research and optimization of EMRs' role in medicaleducation. PMID:23619078
Tierney, Michael J; Pageler, Natalie M; Kahana, Madelyn; Pantaleoni, Julie L; Longhurst, Christopher A
Childhood obesity is a significant public health concern because of the influence of obesity on health and medical costs. As a result of the dramatic increase in the prevalence of childhood obesity, many states now require elementary school students to participate in physicaleducation (PE) classes. Additionally, states have increased or are considering increasing the required time that elementary school
Lecture 26University of Craiova is one of the most important universities in Romania. It includes also Faculty of PhysicalEducation, Sport and Kinesiology that prepare the future specialists in sport performance, trainers and sport rehabilitation. Most of the teachers of this faculty are sports medicine physicians and they have also medical activity in the Sport Medicine Department of Emergency Hospital
The study reported in this thesis deals with physicseducation, particularly with the teaching and learning of radioactivity and ionizing radiation. It is a follow up of earlier research and development work in the Dutch Physics Curriculum Development Pro...
The two associated fields of Biomedical Engineering and MedicalPhysics are currently undergoing a rapid evolution characterized by an increasing degree of specialization. This in turn imposes new requirements in the field of advanced education, while the changing scene at European level introduces a major challenge for harmonization and standardization of education with a focus on meeting the emerging needs.
This article outlines advances in physicseducation research and curricular developments that they have created. Physicseducation research has revealed some of the difficulties introductory university students have in learning physics. At the same time, information technology has led to new tools for creating educational environments. In response, a wide variety of models for physics instruction have developed. This article reviews some of the research findings, putting them into the context of a theory of thinking and learning, and discusses some of the most promising instructional models developed in the US.
Assessment is a powerful driver of student learning: it gives a message to learners about what they should be learning, what the learning organisation believes to be important, and how they should go about learning. Assessment tools allow measurement of student achievement and thereby give teachers insight into their students' learning, and enable teachers to make systematic judgements about progress and achievement. It is vital then that assessment tools drive students to learn the right things as well as measure student learning appropriately. Any attempts to reform curricula and teaching methods must consider the role of assessment in the learning process. Libyan doctors and medical students have been calling for changes to teaching and assessment methods at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. A team from the Academic Centre for MedicalEducation at University College, London have been running workshops in conjunction with the Libyan Board of Medical Specialties since 2006 to discuss strategic aims of assessment in medicaleducation in Libya for the 21st century and to deliver an assessment skills course to Libyan educators. This article outlines the course and the outcomes of preliminary discussions between academics from the UK, participants in the assessment courses and representatives from the Libyan Board of Medical Specialties. As a result of these discussions it was agreed by all that Libyan Medical School assessment methods need updating and, despite significant challenges, changes in assessment must be made as soon as possible. There is a real need for support in both addressing these changes and for practical training for assessors in contemporary assessment methods.
In the light of ongoing changes and challenges in the European health systems which also have significant implications for undergraduate medicaleducation, the present paper describes the accreditation of medicaleducation programmes in Switzerland focussing on undergraduate medicaleducation. A summary of the methodology used is provided and first experiences as well as future perspectives are discussed in the light of the aim to achieve continuous quality assurance and improvement in medicaleducation.
This paper argues for the recovery of a notion of physical culture that can serve the purposes of relational analysis in social research. The recovery of the notion is undertaken through a brief etymology of the term, and through an historical overview of shifts in physical culture during the twentieth century. The recovered notion is described as one dimension of
OBJECTIVES: To assess perceptions of the importance and educational purpose of hospital grand rounds among physicians with administrative responsibilities, and to examine organizational aspects of grand rounds as educational events. DESIGN: Descriptive survey by mailed nonanonymous questionnaire. SETTING: All hospitals of more than 100 beds in Calgary. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 150 residency program directors and directors of departments and divisions in hospitals with differing teaching functions. RESULTS: A total of 120 questionnaires (80%) were returned, and the responses of 107 physicians were analysed. Each year in Calgary formal grand rounds activities occupy auditoriums and seminar rooms for more than 2000 hours. Most respondents considered grand rounds to be the main hospital-based continuing medicaleducation activity in their discipline. Aspects of grand rounds considered to be important were updates in research, diagnosis and management, and only one third of the respondents felt that actual patient problems should always be the focus of discussion. The organization and planning of grand rounds revealed a paradox: despite the perceived educational importance, only 13% of rounds were based on a curricular structure, and 16% were based on needs assessments. The grand rounds topic was most often the choice of the presenter. CONCLUSIONS: The quantity of time devoted to grand rounds suggests importance in the routine workings of hospital departments. Grand rounds are used as a showcase for excellence in medical care or recent medical advances. It is paradoxical, therefore, that little interest appears to be shown in educational structure such as curriculum or evaluation of learning. Professional interaction is an inherent objective of traditional grand rounds. Further evaluation of the purpose and educational efficacy of traditional grand rounds is suggested.
|Since Title IX was enacted in the United States in 1972, PhysicalEducation (PE) classes have become coeducational. This may be because educational leaders interpret Title IX to require coeducational-only classes. Research, however, indicates that for some students, coeducation classes may not be the most appropriate learning environment. The
Today we are witnessing an exponential growth in positive psychology (PP), a scientific approach to the most significant purpose of human existence: happiness and meaning of life. As a consequence of PP studies, happiness and wellbeing are now accepted as valid topics of research, despite their subjective and supposedly unscientific essence. Experimental evident indicates that happiness and wellbeing have biological bases and, thus, can be scientifically approached and eventually changed. We believe that we need to learn from this new discipline and apply its discoveries in our profession as medicaleducators to foster the full development of our students. In this review, we will summarize the major developments and discoveries of PP, and open the debate on the implications of PP offer to medicaleducation. PMID:22051835
The primary goal of medicaleducation is to produce physicians who deliver high-quality health care. Recent calls for greater accountability in medicaleducation and the development of outcomes research methodologies should encourage a new research effort to examine the effects of medical training upon clinical outcomes. The authors offer a research agenda that links medical educa- tion and quality of
The technology explosion in medicaleducation has led to the use of computer models, videotapes, interactive videos, and state-of-the-art simulators in medical training. This booklet describes alternatives to using animals in medicaleducation. Although it is mainly intended to describe products applicable to medical school courses, high-quality,
|The technology explosion in medicaleducation has led to the use of computer models, videotapes, interactive videos, and state-of-the-art simulators in medical training. This booklet describes alternatives to using animals in medicaleducation. Although it is mainly intended to describe products applicable to medical school courses, high-quality,
This article was written to provide a brief history of the medicaleducational system in the USA, the current educational structure, and the current topics and challenges facing USA medicaleducators today. The USA is fortunate to have a robust educational system, with over 150 medical schools, thousands of graduate medicaleducation programs, well-accepted standardized examinations throughout training, and many educational research programs. All levels of medicaleducation, from curriculum reform in medical schools and the integration of competencies in graduate medicaleducation, to the maintenance of certification in continuing medicaleducation, have undergone rapid changes since the turn of the millennium. The intent of the changes has been to involve the patient sooner in the educational process, use better educational strategies, link educational processes more closely with educational outcomes, and focus on other skills besides knowledge. However, with the litany of changes have come increased regulation without (as of yet) clear evidence as to which of the changes will result in better physicians. In addition, the USA governmental debt crisis threatens the current educational structure. The next wave of changes in the USA medical system needs to focus on what particular educational strategies result in the best physicians and how to fund the system over the long term. PMID:22489971
Dezee, Kent J; Artino, Anthony R; Elnicki, D Michael; Hemmer, Paul A; Durning, Steven J
|Although many recent studies have shown that the lack of physical activity is one of the major causes of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease among children and adolescents, few studies have shown the connection between the lack of physicaleducation and the prevalence of a sedentary lifestyle. However, it is clear that physical
Medicaleducation has been and continues to be a priority in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since the establishment of the first medical school more than 30 years ago. As the kingdom moves into the new millennium through its 100th birthday, several issues pertaining to medicaleducation are noted. These include selection and admission criteria to medical schools, suitability concerns, and the need for reform of the current undergraduate curriculum as well as allocation and utilization of available resources. The postgraduate medical training programs, particularly the university-based, need re-evaluation, and definition of their future role in graduate medicaleducation. Medicaleducators must make sure that research in medicaleducation should not only survive but also thrive. In this article, some suggestions for Saudi medicaleducation in n the new millennium are put forth.
This article explores how school physicaleducation (PE) can both reinforce stereotyped notions of the brown body as inherently physical while also allowing young people to gain educational success. Drawing on a critical ethnographic study of M?ori and Pasifika (Pacific Island) youth in PE in New Zealand, the article explores how the academic status of PE, and its alignment with
Heart-rate monitors can be effective in physicaleducation teacher preparation programs and physicaleducation classrooms. The article explains how to use heart-rate monitors and describes the coursework and lab experiences that introduce students to the monitors and teach a higher level of understanding and use of the technology. (SM)
|Examines content literacy's role in physicaleducation,elaborating on several general and specific strategies that physicaleducators can use to build both content learning and general literacy skills (e.g., journal writing, posting articles about sports and athletics, and completing peer observations). The paper also suggests ways of assessing
|In 2003, a PhysicalEducation Grants Initiative was launched by the Future Fisherman Foundation, Recreational Boating and Fishing Foundation, American Association for Leisure and Recreation, and National Association for Sport and PhysicalEducation (NASPE), as a way for schools to bring the fishing and boating experience to America's youths.
As part of their quest to secure academic credibility, physicaleducators in Australia, Canada, Britain, and the United States have increasingly privileged empiricalanalytical forms of research. We argue that this strategy has resulted in a montage of professional values and practices that we term technocratic physicaleducation (TPE). We contend that TPE is based on ideologies of professionalism, scientism, and
|The National Association of Sport and PhysicalEducation (NASPE) (2002) has taken a firm stance on the importance of adequate fitness levels of physicaleducation teachers stating that they have the responsibility to model an active lifestyle and to promote fitness behaviors. Since the NASPE declaration, national initiatives like Let's Move
|The value of conceptual physicaleducation knowledge has long been acknowledged (American Alliance for Health, PhysicalEducation, and Recreation, 1969; Kneer, 1981; NASPE, 1995) yet has not been formally measured or assessed. Seven multiple choice tests with established validity and reliability (Ayers, 2001b) were used to assess the concepts
|Sociological perspectives, concepts, and research findings provide an important set of intellectual tools to promote insights into such matters as the content of the curriculum of physicaleducation. The intention of this book is to introduce these theoretical insights into the social processes at work in physicaleducation classes and to give
|This booklet helps physicaleducators and administrators organize physicaleducation time allotment, personnel, and student grouping structures under various organizational patterns. Specific articles dealing with ways in which schools have accommodated innovative patterns were included. Some of the programs dealt with organizational patterns in
American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.
|Research has determined that cooperative learning has positive effects in physicaleducation. This article presents five important components of cooperative learning to help physicaleducators maximize learning (team formation, positive interdependence, individual accountability, positive social interaction, and group processing), describing five
Student achievement motivation has become a complex construct in physicaleducation because of the competitive nature of sports and physiological discomfort associated with exercising. With updated national standards, physicaleducation has been undergoing a long-deserved curriculum reform that is expected to enhance student motivation by
Methods for teaching physicaleducation activities and skills to mentally retarded children are presented. General objectives are listed and the physicaleducation program is outlined. Hints are offered for teaching the retarded child; and basic skills and rhythms are described. The following are then described; rhythm games, a volleyball unit and
This document is designed to assist physicaleducation teachers in addressing deficiencies found in Michigan students when they were tested on physicaleducation performance objectives. The objectives included are: (1) locomotion--run, hop, skip; (2) body projection--horizontal and vertical jump; (3) rhythm--move to an even beat; (4) object
Although most medicaleducators believe that education, research, and patient care are inseparable and essential to their academic mission, the educational component of this triad has never been given adequate, earmarked support. To fund educational programs, medical centers first relied on research grants and later on third-party payments intended for patient care. However, research money has long since ceased to
Developing countries emphasize expansion of the educated population but demand for quality improvement follows later. Current science education reform is driven in part by post cold war restructuring of the global economy and associated focus on the education of a more scientifically literate society, due to the industrial change from labor-intensive to high-technology type, and the societal change inherent in the present information era. Industry needs employees of broad and flexible background with inter disciplinary training, engineers with better physics training, and well trained physicists. Education researches have proved that active-learning based methods are superior to the traditional methods and the information technology (IT) has lot to offer in this. Use of IT for improving physicseducation is briefly discussed with prospects for collaboration in the Asia-Pacific region via Asian PhysicsEducation Network (ASPEN), UNESCO University Foundation Course in Physics (UUFCP), etc.
Impressive advances in computers and materials science have fueled a broad-based confluence of basic science breakthroughs. These advances are making us reformulate our learning, teaching and credentialing methodologies and research and development frontiers. We are now in the age of molecular medicine. In the entire field of health care, a paradigm shift from population-based solutions to individual specific care is taking place. These trends are reshaping the practice of medicalphysics. In this short presentation, examples are given to illustrate developments in image-guided intensity-modulated and adaptive helical tomotherapy, enhanced application of intensity modulation radiotherapy (IMRT) using adaptive radiotherapy and conformal avoidance. These advances include improved normal tissue sparing and permit dose reconstruction and verification, thereby allowing significant biologically effective dose escalation and reduced radiation toxicity. The intrinsic capability of helical TomoTherapy for megavoltage CT imaging for IMRT image-guidance is also discussed. Finally developments in motion management are described.
Medicaleducation is now suffused with concepts that have their source outside the traditional scientific and medical disciplines: concepts such as holism, connectedness and reflective practice. Teaching of these, and other problematic concepts such as medical uncertainty and error, has been defined more by the challenge they pose to the standard model rather than being informed by a strong positive understanding. This challenge typically involves a critical engagement with the idea of objectivity, which is rarely acknowledged as an inherently metaphysical critique. Consequently, these ideas prove to be difficult to teach well. I suggest that the lack of an integrating, positive narrative is the reason for teaching difficulty, and propose that what is needed is an explicit commitment to teach the metaphysics of medicine, with the concept of holism being the fulcrum on which the remaining concepts turn. An acknowledged metaphysical narrative will encompass the scientific realism that medical students typically bring to their tertiary education, and at the same time enable a bigger picture to be drawn that puts the newer and more problematic concepts into context. PMID:23692231
Physicaleducation represents a dynamic social space where students experience and interpret physicality in a context that accentuates peer relationships and privileges particular forms of embodiment. This article focuses on girls understandings of physicality with respect to the organisation of physicaleducation and more informal social networks. Research exploring the connections between the body, capital, physical activity, and femininity and
A summary is presented of some of the ways that judicial decisions and laws have an impact on higher education and on public education. The sources of legal obligation that impose duties and responsibilities on teachers are discussed. These are: common law, contractual obligations, state laws, and federal laws. The legal definitions are given of
|Many of the numerous innovations in physicaleducation have the potential to enhance the status of physicaleducation and physicaleducators. For example, curriculum models such as experiential education and sport education have reshaped content, learning outcomes, and assessment in physicaleducation. In addition, these models are redefining how
France, Thaddeus J.; Moosbrugger, Michelle; Brockmeyer, Gretchen
...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Physical and medical requirements. 13.125...OF TANKERMEN General Â§ 13.125 Physical and medical requirements. Each applicant...original tankerman endorsement shall meet the physical requirements of Â§ 10.215 of...
...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Physical and medical requirements. 13.125...OF TANKERMEN General Â§ 13.125 Physical and medical requirements. Each applicant...original tankerman endorsement shall meet the physical requirements of Â§ 10.215 of...
A new Bachelor of Science in MedicalPhysics program at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario was launched in Fall 2006. The program builds on Ryerson's strong existing capabilities in biomedical physics research. The program's point of entry is the common first year during which all students in Biology, Chemistry, Contemporary Science and MedicalPhysics programs complete the foundation courses that include
Research in physicseducation can be useful in various ways but should not be the only source of help for teachers. Any answer to the question in the title depends upon what the questioner understands by research in physicseducation and by the purposes that such research may be assumed to serve. The author suggests that while physics teachers may learn much from research in physicseducation, the findings of educational research may not be the most obvious or important way of improving practice, or of raising the professional standing of science teachers. Such a suggestion does not devalue educational research or deny its importance to physics teachers' work. Rather, as the author hopes to show, it rests upon a more generous understanding of what is meant by educational research and demands a more realistic acknowledgment of the complex and mediated relationship between research and educational policy and practice. Because of that complexity and mediation, it is always going to be difficult to isolate or measure the impact of any research on how physics teachers think about, and conduct, their work in classrooms and laboratories.
Radioisotopes are critical to the science and technology base of the US. Discoveries and applications made as a result of the availability of radioisotopes span widely from medicine, biology, physics, chemistry and homeland security. The clinical use of radioisotopes for medical diagnosis is the largest sector of use, with about 16 million procedures a year in the US. The use of ^99Mo/^99mTc generator and ^18F make up the majority, but ^201Tl, ^123I, ^111In, and ^67Ga are also used routinely to perform imaging of organ function. Application of radioisotopes for therapy is dominated by use of ^131I for thyroid malignancies, ^90Y for some solid tumors, and ^89Sr for bone cancer, but production of several more exotic species such as ^225Ac and ^211At are of significant current research interest. In physics ^225Ra is of interest for CP violation studies, and the actinides ^242Am, ^249Bk, and ^254Es are needed as targets for experiments to create superheavy elements. Large amounts of ^252Cf are needed as a fission source for the CARIBU experiment at ANL. The process of radioisotope production is multidisciplinary. Nuclear physics input based on nuclear reaction excitation function data is needed to choose an optimum target/projectile in order to maximize desired isotope production and minimize unwanted byproducts. Mechanical engineering is needed to address issues of target heating, induced mechanical stress and material compatibility of target and claddings. Radiochemists are involved as well since chemical separation to purify the desired final radioisotope product from the bulk target and impurities is also usually necessary. Most neutron rich species are produced at a few government and university reactors. Other radioisotopes are produced in cyclotrons in the commercial sector, university/hospital based facilities, and larger devices at the DOE labs. The landscape of US facilities, the techniques involved, and current supply challenges will be reviewed.
The importance of primary care in medicaleducation is recognized internationally. This medical speciality offers a lot of different and attractive aspects. Beyond the milestones of primary care in medicaleducation is the teaching of medical assessment, skills and practical approach. Thus, primary care will get more interesting and attractive. In medicaleducation, primary care should be thought mainly through clerkships, courses and tutorials. Clerkships should be offered during the whole period of medical school. For medical students, GP surgery should become a «place for apprenticeship». Innovative teaching methods like courses with simulated patients and blended learning, may increase the attractivity. Preceptors must be aware of their function as role models. PMID:23485754
This online journal provides articles that cover issues in the education and preparation of high school and middle school physics teachers. Its focus is on the practice of teaching and the scholarship of teaching and teacher preparation. The goal of this journal is to promote efforts to better prepare physics teachers to have broad physics understanding and pedagogical tools.
The 2004 PhysicsEducation Research (PER) Conference brought together researchers in how we teach physics and how it is learned. Student understanding of concepts, the efficacy of different pedagogical techniques, and the importance of student attitudes towards physics and knowledge were all discussed. These Proceedings capture an important snapshot of the PER community, containing a broad collection of research papers of work in progress.
|Elementary school physicaleducation has repeatedly been shaped by the forces of history. Presently, concerns about the obesity epidemic and the low levels of physical activity in children are exerting a major influence on curriculum. Whereas building physical fitness has been a dominant influence during wartime, the focus today is on (a)
Graber, Kim C.; Locke, Lawrence F.; Lambdin, Dolly; Solmon, Melinda A.
Background Since June 2002, revised regulations in Germany have required "Emergency Medical Care" as an interdisciplinary subject, and state that emergency treatment should be of increasing importance within the curriculum. A survey of the current status of undergraduate medicaleducation in emergency medical care establishes the basis for further committee work. Methods Using a standardized questionnaire, all medical faculties in Germany were asked to answer questions concerning the structure of their curriculum, representation of disciplines, instructors' qualifications, teaching and assessment methods, as well as evaluation procedures. Results Data from 35 of the 38 medical schools in Germany were analysed. In 32 of 35 medical faculties, the local Department of Anaesthesiology is responsible for the teaching of emergency medical care; in two faculties, emergency medicine is taught mainly by the Department of Surgery and in another by Internal Medicine. Lectures, seminars and practical training units are scheduled in varying composition at 97% of the locations. Simulation technology is integrated at 60% (n = 21); problem-based learning at 29% (n = 10), e-learning at 3% (n = 1), and internship in ambulance service is mandatory at 11% (n = 4). In terms of assessment methods, multiple-choice exams (15 to 70 questions) are favoured (89%, n = 31), partially supplemented by open questions (31%, n = 11). Some faculties also perform single practical tests (43%, n = 15), objective structured clinical examination (OSCE; 29%, n = 10) or oral examinations (17%, n = 6). Conclusion Emergency Medical Care in undergraduate medicaleducation in Germany has a practical orientation, but is very inconsistently structured. The innovative options of simulation technology or state-of-the-art assessment methods are not consistently utilized. Therefore, an exchange of experiences and concepts between faculties and disciplines should be promoted to guarantee a standard level of education in emergency medical care.
Beckers, Stefan K; Timmermann, Arnd; Muller, Michael P; Angstwurm, Matthias; Walcher, Felix
WFME has recently decided to extend its 'International Collaborative Programme for the Reorientation of MedicalEducation', aiming at the implementation of its educational policy at the institutional level. The first objective is to stimulate educational institutions to formulate their own plans for change and for quality improvement to align with international standards. The second objective is to establish a system to assure minimum quality standards for medical school programmes. Both objectives can be accomplished by publishing a World Register of Medical School, which will constitute an instrument of quality assurance in medicaleducation. The Register should specify designation of a World Register Accreditation of medical schools, which fulfil internationally accepted and approved standards of medicaleducation programmes. The accreditation could be differentiated in various categories. PMID:10211301
Sports injuries could be highly detrimental to the career of a physicaleducation teacher education (PETE) student. To enable the development of future sports injury prevention programs, sports injuries in 128 first-year academic bachelor PETE students were registered prospectively during one academic year. Common risk factors for sports injuries, taken from the literature, were also evaluated by means of logistic regression analysis. We found an incidence rate of 1.91 and an injury risk of 0.85, which is higher than generally found in a sports-active population. Most injuries involved the lower extremities, were acute, newly occurring injuries, and took place in non-contact situations. More than half of all injuries lead to an inactivity period of 1 week or more and over 80% of all injuries required medical attention. A major part of these injuries happened during the intracurricular sports classes. Few differences were seen between women and men. A history of injury was a significant risk factor (P?=?0.018) for the occurrence of injuries, and performance of cooling-down exercises was significantly related to a lower occurrence of ankle injuries (P?=?0.031). These data can inform future programs for the prevention of sports injuries in PETE students. PMID:23379854
The author begins his essay by discussing George Eliot's novel Middlemarch, in which a doctor, early in his career, wanders from his idealistic commitment to serving the poor. Although he establishes a prominent practice, he considers himself a failure because "he had not done what he once meant to do." The essay explores how many of us (physicians included) forsake certain ideals or principles--not in one grand gesture, but in moment-to-moment decisions, in day-to-day rationalizations and self-deceptions, until we find ourselves caught in lives whose implications we have long ago stopped examining, never mind judging. Medicaleducation barrages students with information, fosters sometimes ruthless competition, and perpetuates rote memorization and an obsession with test scores--all of which stifle moral reflection. Apart from radically rethinking medicaleducation (doing away with the MCAT, for example, as Lewis Thomas proposed), how can we teach students to consider what it means to be a good doctor? Calling upon the work of Eliot, Walker Percy, and others, the author discusses how the study of literature can broaden and deepen the inner lives of medical students and encourage moral reflectiveness. PMID:9447202
|Background: A major consequence of the neo-liberal ideology underpinning recent reforms in higher education in the Western world has been the significant increase in the competitiveness of institutions to recruit students in the marketplace of education and to keep them. Accordingly bachelor degrees relating to physicaleducation teacher
Background The Outcome Project requires high-quality assessment approaches to provide reliable and valid judgments of the attainment of competencies deemed important for physician practice. Intervention The Accreditation Council for Graduate MedicalEducation (ACGME) convened the Advisory Committee on Educational Outcome Assessment in 20072008 to identify high-quality assessment methods. The assessments selected by this body would form a core set that could be used by all programs in a specialty to assess resident performance and enable initial steps toward establishing national specialty databases of program performance. The committee identified a small set of methods for provisional use and further evaluation. It also developed frameworks and processes to support the ongoing evaluation of methods and the longer-term enhancement of assessment in graduate medicaleducation. Outcome The committee constructed a set of standards, a methodology for applying the standards, and grading rules for their review of assessment method quality. It developed a simple report card for displaying grades on each standard and an overall grade for each method reviewed. It also described an assessment system of factors that influence assessment quality. The committee proposed a coordinated, national-level infrastructure to support enhancements to assessment, including method development and assessor training. It recommended the establishment of a new assessment review group to continue its work of evaluating assessment methods. The committee delivered a report summarizing its activities and 5 related recommendations for implementation to the ACGME Board in September 2008.
Swing, Susan R.; Clyman, Stephen G.; Holmboe, Eric S.; Williams, Reed G.
The German graduate medicaleducation system is going through an important phase of changes. Besides the ongoing reform of the national guidelines for graduate medicaleducation (Musterweiterbildungsordnung), other factors like societal and demographic changes, health and research policy reforms also play a central role for the future and competitiveness of graduate medicaleducation. With this position paper, the committee on graduate medicaleducation of the Society for MedicalEducation (GMA) would like to point out some central questions for this process and support the current discourse. As an interprofessional and interdisciplinary scientific society, the GMA has the resources to contribute in a meaningful way to an evidence-based and future-oriented graduate medicaleducation strategy. In this position paper, we use four key questions with regards to educational goals, quality assurance, teaching competence and policy requirements to address the core issues for the future of graduate medicaleducation in Germany. The GMA sees its task in contributing to the necessary reform processes as the only German speaking scientific society in the field of medicaleducation.
AFOMP recognizes that clinical medical physicists should demonstrate that they are competent to practice their profession by obtaining appropriate education, training and supervised experience in the specialties of medicalphysics in which they practice, as well as having a basic knowledge of other specialties. To help its member countries to achieve this, AFOMP has developed this policy to provide guidance when developing medical physicist education and training programs. The policy is compatible with the standards being promoted by the International Organization for MedicalPhysics and the International MedicalPhysics Certification Board. PMID:21809140
Round, W H; Ng, K H; Healy, B; Rodriguez, L; Thayalan, K; Tang, F; Fukuda, S; Srivastava, R; Krisanachinda, A; Shiau, A C; Deng, X; Han, Y
The article describes the growth of research on various topics and ideas in a relatively new field comparative physicaleducation and sport since the end of World War II. The field is closely related to comparative education. This is also true as regards its history, definition, aims, etc., and its methodology. Physicaleducators on the one hand have therefore borrowed methods from comparative educators, and on the other hand have tried to work out their own approaches. Examples of the latter are mentioned. A brief review of the literature is included.
|Physicaleducation represents a dynamic social space where students experience and interpret physicality in a context that accentuates peer relationships and privileges particular forms of embodiment. This article focuses on girls' understandings of physicality with respect to the organisation of physicaleducation and more informal social
What are the resources necessary to provide the highest quality education for medical students? This is the essential question which must be answered before a medical school can make a rational decision about the number of students to have in each class. In deciphering an objective way to determine the class size of a medical school, this paper explores the principles of medicaleducation, accrediting organizations institutional expectations in providing a medicaleducation program, and the author's personal experiences. The central tenets of a quality medicaleducation include: learning by doing, student-centered learning, and the transmission of the attitudes, values and behaviors of the medical profession. This paper considers how these core components of medicaleducation can be achieved and what resources are necessary to ensure that all students are appropriately supported.
Publishing contents on medicaleducation research is a challenge for authors and publishers of so-called scientific journals. The criteria and interests of the publishing companies do not necessarily coincide with the academic value of the articles. Authors are facing pressure to publish in indexed journals to stimulate the number of citations to their work; this implicates the acceptance of norms, interests, and specific contents. The proposal is to build a more inclusive publishing systems based on academic quality and not on rating. PMID:23182248
Social networking is being increasingly used as a tool of choice for communications and collaborations in business and higher education. Learning and practice become inseparable when professionals work in communities of practice that create interpersonal bonds and promote collective learning. Individual learning that arises from the critical reconstruction of practice, in the presence of peers and other health professionals, enhances a physician's capability of clinical judgment and evidence-based practice. As such, it would be wise for medical schools, whose responsibility it is to prepare students to make a transition to adult life with the skills they need to succeed in both arenas, to reckon with it. PMID:18376086
The hiring of educators in medical schools (faculty who study the educational process and prepare others to become educators)\\u000a has been one of the most successful educational innovations ever. Starting in 1954, through a collaboration between the Schools\\u000a of Medicine and Education at the University of Buffalo, the innovation has spread to over half of the medical schools in the
|Reflection and reflective practice are key concepts in the educational literature as well as in research on physicaleducation (PE) and physicaleducation teacher education (PETE). The purpose of this article is to review the current empirical knowledge base for reflection and reflective practice in PE and PETE from 1995 to 2011. The review
With the rise of consciousness about the importance of education, ideas and attempts to entangle architecture with education have appeared. The new engineering building at Utah State University was designed1 to be a learning tool for the structural engineers who will study in it. ``Education by Design'' and the ``Use of Metaphors for Teaching'' are principles advocated by Bernal in designing2 the building for the Design and Architecture High School in Washington, D.C.
|The main aim of this study was to evaluate the physical activity (PA) levels of high school Portuguese students during physicaleducation (PE) and investigate the association of PA levels with students' goal orientation and intrinsic motivation. Forty-six students from three high schools participated. Heart rate telemetry and pedometry were used
Marmeleira, Jose Francisco Filipe; Aldeias, Nuno Micael Carrasqueira; da Graca, Pedro Miguel dos Santos Medeira
A study of 56 fifth graders found the traditional physicaleducation approach (game techniques and fundamentals) was ineffective in improving scores on a health-related physical fitness test. Modification of the same sport (basketball) with conditioning exercises to improve cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal function, produced improvement in
|This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention to increase levels of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during girls' physicaleducation lessons. Two Year 7 classes (age 11-12 years) were randomly appointed to control and experimental groups. Both followed the same six-lesson unit of gymnastics with identical lesson
In recent decades physicseducation research has revealed various difficulties that many students have in learning physics. One of these difficulties is that many students do not link classroom material to their real-life experiences. Numerous solutions have been proposed. Textbook writers have steadily increased the numbers of real-life phenomena that they include. Further, several teams have proposed instructional approaches based
|This 1994 version of an annual data book on United States medicaleducation offers extensive data on 12 topics which are fundamental or most frequently requested. Data sources include the Association of American Medical Colleges, the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, the National Institutes of Health, Health Care Financing
Physicaleducators have long proclaimed that physicaleducation class is an important academic discipline to a students' education. With learning objectives taking place in the affective, cognitive and psychomotor domains. Yet, physicaleducation has been marginalized in today's society. One way to gain support of physicaleducation is getting
Ahstract- This study systematically explained the information technology content, significance and information technology, the impact of middle school physicaleducation, science of physicaleducation curriculum based on the analysis of information technology education, physicaleducation and integration of the foundation and conditions; through teaching experiment to study information technology integration of physicaleducation and middle school model and results. Information
|Physicaleducators have long proclaimed that physicaleducation class is an important academic discipline to a students' education. With learning objectives taking place in the affective, cognitive and psychomotor domains. Yet, physicaleducation has been marginalized in today's society. One way to gain support of physicaleducation is getting
If Wilhelm Conrad RÃÂ¶ntgen, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist were alive today, he would most likely heartily approve of this very informative and well-designed site dealing with the detection of medical x-rays. This site was created by the PhysicsEducation Research Group at Kansas State University and it serves as a good introduction to the science behind the discovery and subsequent use of x-rays in a variety of medical settings. The site starts with a brief discussion of RÃÂ¶ntgen's initial discovery of x-rays, and then goes on to offer a brief history of radiology. After that, visitors can learn about different detection methods, including the use of fluorescence film. One feature of the site that is most useful is the inclusion of links to other relevant sites that cover such topics as the concept of an x-ray dose and reduction measures. Overall, the site will be very welcome for beginning students of radiology and medical technology.
The Royal Colleges and their Faculties have moved continuing professional development up the agenda of doctors in the UK. The low educational value and failure to change professional practice of much continuing medicaleducation has led to criticism of its emphasis on formal, didactic teaching and academic knowledge. The ubiquitous scientific or technical bias in medicaleducation makes questionable assumptions
The Geant4 Monte Carlo radiation transport toolkit provides the basic services and infrastructure required for the development of flexible simulation frameworks and applications, which have found generalized use in high energy physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, and medicalphysics research. Object-oriented design provides the possibility to implement or modify any physics process in Geant4 without changing other parts of the code.
Pedro Rodrigues; Rui Moura; Catarina Ortigão; Luís Peralta; Maria Grazia Pia; Andreia Trindade; João Varela
This online book is the second volume in a series to make available the results of PhysicsEducation Research worldwide to those involved in physicseducation. This volume is organized into four parts: Section A, "About Physics," aims to convey a sense of the organization of scientific knowledge, its language and the relation between science and technology. Section B, "About learning," reports new research results about conceptual understanding, the development of skills/values, and the role of international competitions in learning. Section C, "About teaching," deals with the issue of the skills needed in didactical communication, the use of the history of physics as a teaching tool, and the problems of disciplinary knowledge from a pedagogical viewpoint. Section D, "Technologies for learning and teaching," concerns experimental activities proposed in the classroom, the role of distance education, and the use of ICT-based approaches. The work targets teacher educators, the PhysicsEducation Research community, physicseducators, physicists, and policy makers with an interest in teacher education.
The 2003 PhysicsEducation Research Conference Proceedings contains peer-reviewed and invited papers based on oral presentations and posters. The papers span topics including: instructional assessment, data analysis, student understanding, and issues of learning.
|The authors highlight an inservice approach to mainstreaming elementary and secondary level handicapped students in physicaleducation. Outlined are strategies for individual intervention, for group intervention, for auditory impairments, for visual impairments, for learning disabilities, and for orthopedic impairments. (SBH)|
Thirty-one journals pertinent to the physicaleducator and to the professional in the areas of motor learning, sport philosophy, sport sociology, sport psychology, and sport medicine are listed with a general note on the scope of each. (JMF)
|Thirty-one journals pertinent to the physicaleducator and to the professional in the areas of motor learning, sport philosophy, sport sociology, sport psychology, and sport medicine are listed with a general note on the scope of each. (JMF)|
|"Designing and Implementing Effective Adapted PhysicalEducation Programs" was written to assist adapted and general physicaleducators who are dedicated to ensuring that the physical and motor needs of all their students are addressed in physicaleducation. While it is anticipated that adapted physicaleducators, where available, will typically
Ethics has an established place within the medical curriculum. However notable differences exist in the programme characteristics of different schools of medicine. This paper addresses the main differences in the curricula of medical schools in South East Europe regarding education in medical ethics and bioethics, with a special emphasis on research ethics, and proposes a model curriculum which incorporates significant topics in all three fields. Teaching curricula of Medical Schools in Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia and Montenegro were acquired and a total of 14 were analyzed. Teaching hours for medical ethics and/or bioethics and year of study in which the course is taught were also analyzed. The average number of teaching hours in medical ethics and bioethics is 27.1 h per year. The highest national average number of teaching hours was in Croatia (47.5 h per year), and the lowest was in Serbia (14.8). In the countries of the European Union the mean number of hours given to ethics teaching throughout the complete curriculum was 44. In South East Europe, the maximum number of teaching hours is 60, while the minimum number is 10 teaching hours. Research ethics topics also show a considerable variance within the regional medical schools. Approaches to teaching research ethics vary, even within the same country. The proposed model for education in this area is based on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Bioethics Core Curriculum. The model curriculum consists of topics in medical ethics, bioethics and research ethics, as a single course, over 30 teaching hours. PMID:23436144
The specific aim of this study was to examine whether motivational climate, perceived physical competence, and exercise motivation predict enjoyment in school physicaleducation within the same sample of adolescents across three years of secondary school. A sample of 639 students (girls = 296, boys = 343) aged between 13- to 15-years at the commencement of the study completed the Intrinsic Motivation Climate in PhysicalEducation Questionnaire, Physical Self-Perception Profile, PhysicalEducation Motivation Scale, and PhysicalEducation Enjoyment Scale. Results derived from path analyses indicated that task-involving motivational climate predicted enjoyment in physicaleducation via perceived physical competence and intrinsic motivation in both girls and boys. In particular, these results supported previous findings of Vallerand et. al (1997) with the self-determination theory and the achievement goal theory. Ego-involving climate was not a significant predictor either in girls or boys. The current results provide continuing support for the investigation of Vallerand's model in the physicaleducation setting, and highlight that motivational climate is an area that requires further evaluation as a contributing factor in the improvement of physicaleducation teaching. A better understanding of the role of motivational climate may assist efforts to promote children's and adolescents' perceived physical competence, intrinsic motivation, and enjoyment in the school physicaleducation setting. Key pointsThe findings of the current study support existing suggestions of Vallerands (1997) model in which social factors mediated by a psychological mediator, and exercise motivation are related to positive consequences in the PE context.Task-involving motivational climate predicted PE enjoyment via perceived physical competence and intrinsic motivation with both girls and boys. Task-involving motivational climate in PE lessons at Grade 7 had a strong association with PE enjoyment via perceived physical competence and intrinsic motivation at Grade 9 for both girls and boys.Ego-involving climate did not fit either the data for the girls or boys, as PE lessons based on ego-involving motivational climate did not significantly influence on the level of PE enjoyment.The results of the current study and previous practical findings support task-involving teaching methods to promote adolescents PE enjoyment through secondary school years. School PE could be most effective if based on task-involving motivational climate, in which the main objective is increasing students perceived physical competence, intrinsic motivation, and enjoyment.
Grasten, Arto; Jaakkola, Timo; Liukkonen, Jarmo; Watt, Anthony; Yli-Piipari, Sami
Gymnastics builds increasingly complex body management and control skills which are the basis for later learning. The demands for strength, speed, and agility help develop the overall physical capacity of children at this crucial stage. Themes for different age groups are offered. (MT)
Within the sphere of PhysicalEducation (PE), many observers (Shields and Bredemeier, 1995; Capel, 2003; Green, 2003) have identified PE staff as having a special empathy for children's pastoral care needs and the development of Personal, Social, and Health Education (PSHE). Such factors as the varied situations and venues in which the subject is delivered, including off-campus and extra curricular
Integrated learning is well established in education, primarily in the classroom subjects. This article describes settings and ways for extending integrated instruction to physicaleducation and music. Benefits of these connections include reinforcing content and better meeting the needs of students whose intelligences include the bodily kinesthetic, musical, and interpersonal as well as the linguistic and logical-mathematical structure predominating in
Charlotte A. Humphries; Sara Bidner; Cheryl Edwards
|Integrated learning is well established in education, primarily in the classroom subjects. This article describes settings and ways for extending integrated instruction to physicaleducation and music. Benefits of these connections include reinforcing content and better meeting the needs of students whose intelligences include the bodily
Humphries, Charlotte A.; Bidner, Sara; Edwards, Cheryl
These chapters describe partnerships and mentoring programs in the United Kingdom for initial teacher education. Part 1: The Context contains two chapters: "Partnerships in School-Based Training: The Implications for PhysicalEducation" (Patricia Shenton and Elizabeth Murdoch); and "What Is Mentoring?" (Michael Taylor and Joan Stephenson). Part 2:
Medicaleducation is rapidly evolving. With the paradigm shift to small-group didactic sessions and focus on clinically oriented case-based scenarios, simulation training has provided educators a novel way to deliver medicaleducation in the 21st century. The field continues to expand in scope and practice and is being incorporated into medical school clerkship education, and specifically in emergency medicine (EM). The use of medical simulation in graduate medicaleducation is well documented. Our aim in this article is to perform a retrospective review of the current literature, studying simulation use in EM medical student clerkships. Studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of simulation in teaching basic science, clinical knowledge, procedural skills, teamwork, and communication skills. As simulation becomes increasingly prevalent in medical school curricula, more studies are needed to assess whether simulation training improves patient-related outcomes.
Chakravarthy, Bharath; ter Haar, Elizabeth; Bhat, Srinidhi Subraya; McCoy, Christopher Eric; Denmark, T. Kent; Lotfipour, Shahram
|The Alcohol Medical Scholars Program (AMSP) is designed to improve medicaleducation related to substance use disorders (SUDs) through mentorship of junior, full-time academic faculty from medical schools across the United States. Scholarship focuses on literature review and synthesis, lecture development and delivery, increasing SUD education in
Neufeld, Karin J.; Schuckit, Marc A.; Hernandez-Avila, Carlos A.
The author recounts an incident of cheating by two first-year medical students, and how it was handled. One of the students, George, had waited until the last minute to write what he called a "stupid" paper that was required as the final examination in a health policy course. His classmate Ellen offered to write the paper for him, and other students also offered to help; no one pointed out that this would be unethical. After some hesitation, George was persuaded to accept Ellen's offer, and he turned in the paper as his own. The course director deduced the deception, and when the students were confronted, they immediately admitted what they had done, blamed only themselves, and said they had been "foolish." Subsequent events showed that the faculty saw the incident as a clear-cut case of cheating, whereas many students felt that George and Ellen's transgression was trivial when compared with plagiarizing a research paper or falsifying lab results on a patient's chart. Also, the faculty chose a more severe and long-lasting punishment, one that many students did not agree with. The author believes that the faculty's refusal to give George and Ellen a clean slate after a reasonable time reflected a lack of forgiveness that is antithetical to the compassionate, forgiving role of physician-healer that medicaleducation promotes. She concludes by explaining how this incident illustrates complex generational and cultural differences in moral reasoning and the selection of punishment, and the great emphasis that medicaleducation places on knowing the facts rather than working creatively with ideas. PMID:10724311
Study aim: To identify factors responsible for deficiencies in early physicaleducation (PE) at school, especially those related to the competence of teachers. Material and methods: A group of 54 early education female teachers aged 25-53 years were subjected to a questionnaire survey and to interviews. The results were analysed by using
|Ways now exist for medical laboratory workers to advance up the educational career ladder, gaining credit for prior training and/or experience. A total of 369 Certified Medical Laboratory Assistant Schools, colleges with Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technicians programs, schools of Medical Technology, and colleges with baccalaureate
National Committee for Careers in Medical Technology, Bethesda, MD.
Many findings from research as well as reports from teachers describe students' problem solving strategies as manipulation of formulas by rote. The resulting dissatisfaction with quantitative physical textbook problems seems to influence the attitude towards the role of mathematics in physicseducation in general. Mathematics is often seen as a
The concepts and principles of biomechanics are familiar to the teacher of physical science as well as to the physicaleducator. The difference between the two instructors, however, is that one knows the language of science and the other provides an experientially rich environment to support acquisition of these concepts and principles. Use of
|Many findings from research as well as reports from teachers describe students' problem solving strategies as manipulation of formulas by rote. The resulting dissatisfaction with quantitative physical textbook problems seems to influence the attitude towards the role of mathematics in physicseducation in general. Mathematics is often seen as a
|This book offers a solid foundation of management concepts, skills, and techniques that enable students to develop and test the leadership, decision-making, and problem-solving required for their role in the profession of physicaleducation and sport. The thirteenth edition continues to focus on the management and administration of physical
|In a time period characterized by the continual decline of fitness and physical activity among American youths, Pilates can provide physicaleducators a unique activity that will improve fitness and stimulate the cognitive domain of today's students. Because the Pilates method of exercise encourages the development of strong and flexible muscles
|Particle physics is a subject that can send shivers down the spines of students and educators alike--with visions of long mathematical equations and inscrutable ideas. This perception, along with a full curriculum, often leaves this topic the road less traveled until the latter years of school. Particle physics, including quarks, is typically not
The second year of operation of a one-year introductory college physics course for educationally disadvantaged students is described. Evaluation of student performance, including comparison with other introductory physics students is reported. Information on course enrollment, staffing, and format is included.
PhysicalEducation is a core component of the primary school curriculum. The primary years are perhaps the most significant period for motor development in children, a time during which basic movement competencies are developed and which offers the first opportunity for embedding physical activity as part of a healthy lifestyle. This is the first
This book offers a solid foundation of management concepts, skills, and techniques that enable students to develop and test the leadership, decision-making, and problem-solving required for their role in the profession of physicaleducation and sport. The thirteenth edition continues to focus on the management and administration of physical
|Describes hemophilia and ways to provide appropriate physicaleducation experiences to children with hemophilia. The article focuses on what hemophilia is, how to treat hemophilia, benefits of physical activity, how to teach children with hemophilia, choosing and modifying sports and activities, and safety and emergency situations. (SM)|
|The concepts and principles of biomechanics are familiar to the teacher of physical science as well as to the physicaleducator. The difference between the two instructors, however, is that one knows the language of science and the other provides an experientially rich environment to support acquisition of these concepts and principles. Use of
Describes hemophilia and ways to provide appropriate physicaleducation experiences to children with hemophilia. The article focuses on what hemophilia is, how to treat hemophilia, benefits of physical activity, how to teach children with hemophilia, choosing and modifying sports and activities, and safety and emergency situations. (SM)
|PhysicalEducation is a core component of the primary school curriculum. The primary years are perhaps the most significant period for motor development in children, a time during which basic movement competencies are developed and which offers the first opportunity for embedding physical activity as part of a healthy lifestyle. This is the first
Medicaleducation is facing a convergence of challenges that the authors characterize as the four horsemen of the medicaleducation apocalypse: teaching patient shortages, teacher shortages, conflicting systems, and financial problems. Rapidly expanding class sizes and new medical schools are coming online as medical student access to teaching patients is becoming increasingly difficult because of the decreasing length and increasing intensity of hospital stays, concerns about patient safety, patients who are stressed for time, teaching physician shortages and needs for increasing productivity from those who remain, and increasing emphasis on translational research. Further, medicaleducation is facing reductions in funding from all sources, just as it is mounting its first major expansion in 40 years. The authors contend that medicaleducation is on the verge of crisis and that little outside assistance is forthcoming. If medicaleducation is to avoid a catastrophic decline, it will need to take steps to reinvent itself and make optimum use of all available resources. Curriculum materials developed nationally, increased reliance on simulation and standardized patient experiences, and adoption of quality-control methods such as competency-based education are suggested as ways to keep medicaleducation vital in an environment that is increasingly preoccupied with fending off the four horsemen. The authors conclude with a call for a national dialogue about how the medicaleducation community can address the problems represented by the four horsemen, and they offer some potential ways to maintain the vitality of medicaleducation in the face of such overwhelming problems. PMID:19202480
Particle physics is a subject that can send shivers down the spines of students and educators alike-with visions of long mathematical equations and inscrutable ideas. This perception, along with a full curriculum, often leaves this topic the road less traveled until the latter years of school. Particle physics, including quarks, is typically not introduced until high school or university.1,2 Many of these concepts can be made accessible to younger students when presented in a fun and engaging way. Informal science institutions are in an ideal position to communicate new and challenging science topics in engaging and innovative ways and offer a variety of educational enrichment experiences for students that support and enhance science learning.3 Quarked! Adventures in the Subatomic Universe, a National Science Foundation EPSCoR-funded particle physicseducation program, provides classroom programs and online educational resources.
The University of Minnesota PhysicsEducation Research and Development group. Links to materials on cooperative problem solving, context rich problems, and implementation of innovative teaching methods in the large lecture format. The site also features new and events and profiles for faculty and graduate students doing research in the program. The authors also provide links to other physicseducation websites from around the nation. This is a nice resource for those looking for broad information about physics research at the University of Minnesota and beyond.
What are the great challenges and responsibilities in physicseducation and how do we approach them? This panel discussion will solicit views from a wide range of individuals involved in physicseducation and outreach on the importance of science literacy and the various ways by which we strive to attain it. Throughout this extended discussion we will consider the multiple arenas in which science education is taking place, how it is finding success, and also how it might be failing. We will consider public outreach, higher education, and public education sectors, all of which are represented by this diverse panel. Comments and questions from the audience will be welcomed during the second half of the conversation.
The Board on Physics and Astronomy of the National Academies formed the ``Committee on Undergraduate PhysicsEducation, Research and Implementation'' in 2011 and charged it with producing a report that ``identifies the goals and challenges facing undergraduate physicseducation and identifies how best practices for undergraduate physicseducation can be implemented on a widespread and sustained basis.'' (Further information on the committee and its charge can be found at: http://sites.nationalacademies.org/BPA/BPA059078.) The report is expected to be released in early 2013. This talk will address the committee's process, some of the findings, and their implications for physicseducation. The role of physicseducation research in driving innovation will be emphasized.
Examined whether college students participated in physical activities in which they had had positive prior experiences and felt competent performing, administering surveys on their reasons for taking physical activity classes and their perceptions of the quality of their high school physicaleducation. Reasons for taking physical activity classes
A comprehensive activity program requires a conceptual framework to guide appropriate curriculum design. An understanding of motor development and of the ways physical settings interact with the learning child are essential to program construction. (JN)
Nutrition education and physicaleducation in schools is increasingly being explored as a way to prevent childhood overweight and to promote healthy eating and physical activity habits behaviors. Classroom teachers are often responsible for providing this education. The current study examined the roles and perspectives of elementary school teachers regarding student nutrition, nutrition education, and physicaleducation. Data is from
Michael Prelip; Jennifer T. Erausquin; Wendelin Slusser; Stephanie Vecchiarelli
Undergraduate medicaleducation is too long; it does not meet the needs for physicians workforce; and its content is inconsistent\\u000a with the job characteristics of some of its graduates. In this paper we attempt to respond to these problems by streamlining\\u000a medicaleducation along the following three reforms. First, high school graduates would be eligible for undergraduate medical\\u000a education programs
|Background: Reducing stigma associated with mental illness is an important aim of medicaleducation, yet evidence indicates that medical students' attitudes toward patients with mental health problems deteriorate as they progress through medical school. Objectives: Authors examined medical students' attitudes to mental illness, as compared with
|There is little research in the field of physicaleducation on whether technology can help decrease the level of childhood obesity in physicaleducation classes or on why physicaleducators choose to use or not use technology in their programs. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine physicaleducators' beliefs and practices
This article focuses on young people with disabilities and mainstream physicaleducation in England. Within this context there have been unprecedented levels of funding and resources directed towards physicaleducation in order to support more inclusive physicaleducation experiences for all young people, including those with disabilities. Physicaleducation holds a unique place within the school curriculum; it is a
|Qualitative research methods were used to explore the factors that informed general and adapted physicaleducation teachers' coteaching practices within an inclusive high school physicaleducation program. Two physicaleducation teachers and one adapted physicaleducation teacher were observed over a 16-week period. Interviews, field notes, and
Many of the diagnostic devices which are used by physicians have their technological foundation in contemporary physics. To understand techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), students require knowledge of nuclear and quantum physics and must also transfer learning that they have learned in classical physics or every day life to these medical applications. Our
|THIS BOOK HAS THREE PURPOSES--(1) TO SHOW HOW PHYSICALEDUCATION ACTIVITIES MAY BE ADAPTED FOR EXCEPTIONAL STUDENTS AT ALL LEVELS OF SCHOOL, (2) TO SERVE AS A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO PHYSICALEDUCATION PERSONNEL WHO WISH TO WORK FOR FULL DEVELOPMENT OF EACH STUDENT, AND (3) TO SERVE AS A TEXT FOR STUDENTS IN TRAINING, TEACHERS, AND THERAPISTS. PART
The on rush of beneficial change which now flows in medicaleducation has never been stronger since the start of this century. Such activity has not been seen since the era of Flexner. There can be no doubt that the world scene is now set for decisive, effective action. The many tributaries of the stream of reform converge this year at Edinburgh, to diverge again into six Regional Conferences during 1994 in Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, Europe, South-East Asia and the Western Pacific. The centres of activity and connection cited below do not in any way make up a comprehensive catalogue. Rather, each development and each reform is a link in a chain, a module with which the World Federation for MedicalEducation (WFME) has been implicated. Each name given, each title stated, is intended as a marker, a nexus. These are among the partners to be mobilized and brought together for the task. PMID:8208141
Newtons Cradle is a series of bifilar pendulums used in physics classrooms to demonstrate the rôle of the principles of conservation of momentum and kinetic energy in elastic collisions. The paper reviews the way in which textbooks use Newtons Cradle and points out the unsatisfactory nature of these treatments in almost all cases. The literature which attempts to explain how the apparatus works is discussed and alternative strategies which make it possible to teach about the nature of models in science as well as to teach physics through use of the apparatus are suggested.
The policy statements describing the role of the medical physicist (and engineer) published by organizations representing medicalphysics (and engineering) in Europe include the responsibility of providing a contribution to the education of healthcare professionals (physicians and paramedical professions). As a consequence, medical physicists and engineers provide educational services in most Faculties of Medicine / Health Science in Europe. In 2005, the EFOMP council took the decision to set up a Special Interest Group to develop the role of the medicalphysicseducator in such faculties and to work with other healthcare professional groups to produce updated European curricula for them. The effort of the group would provide a base for the progress of the role, its relevance to contemporary healthcare professional education and provide input for future EFOMP policy documents regarding this important aspect of the role of the medical physicist. The present communication will present the group, summarise its latest research and indicate future research directions.
Caruana, Carmel J.; Wasilewska-Radwanska, M.; Aurengo, A.; Dendy, P. P.; Karenauskaite, V.; Malisan, M. R.; Meijer, J. H.; Mornstein, V.; Rokita, E.; Vano, E.; Wucherer, M.
|Ten years ago I sat down with the first batch of students in our science/math teacher education program in the Philippines, then third-year students, and asked them what they could do for the opening of the new science building. One of them pulled a stack of papers out of his bag and put it in front of me: a complete script for a science play!
A gross inventory of the teaching and clinical learning resources of the five U.S. colleges of podiatric medicine is described. A descriptive breakdown is provided along with illustrations of facilities. Some categories included in space allocation data are instructional staff, administrative staff, laboratory, outpatient clinic, learning
|There were two purposes of this dissertation. The first purpose was to determine the level of physicaleducator empowerment who teach in an inclusive physicaleducation environment compared to the level of physicaleducator empowerment who teach in a noninclusive physicaleducation environment. The second purpose was to compare the level of
Medical imaging education is a key training component in BME programs. Medical imaging curriculum involves physics principles, mathematical derivations, engineering implementations for teaching image generation, reconstruction and application. We developed an Internet accessible, multi-level module-based interactive system for teaching five commonly used medical imaging modalities. Each imaging modality is delivered by five to six teaching modules (topics). Teaching or learning
Recent changes in nurse education in Australia have prompted serious objections from the medical profession. While medical opposition to changes in the organisation of nurse education is not new, the current attacks are of particular interest in that the 'nursing problem' is being viewed by doctors as part of the wider malady of public health care provision in Australia. This
|Medical students must be prepared for working in inter-professional and multi-disciplinary clinical teams centred on a patient's care pathway. While there has been a good deal of rhetoric surrounding patient-centred medicaleducation, there has been little attempt to conceptualise such a practice beyond the level of describing education of
This booklet describes graduate medicaleducation (GME) in the United States and outlines some options for future policy related to GME. GME is the process of providing academic and clinical education to physicians after they have graduated from an accredited medical school. GME typically occurs in teaching hospitals or other health care settings.
|One method for evaluating an aspect of physician practice behavior, patient referrals, resulting from continuing medicaleducation programs on cancer at the University of Texas Medical Branch is described. Data presented provide strong support for the effectiveness of continuing education in modifying physician practice behavior. (LBH)|
A systematic review of how the personal digital assistants (PDAs) have been used in healthcare professions and medicaleducation has been conducted in order to identify current usage of PDAs in both areas. The major aim of this research is to study the feasibility of incorporating PDAs into problem-based learning (PBL) medicaleducation. A systematic review was conducted by exploring
Rattiporn Luanrattana; Khin Than Win; John Fulcher
The theme of the 2011 PhysicsEducation Research (PER) Conference was "Frontiers in Assessment: Instrumentation, Goals & Practices". In a sense, assessments are the instruments of physicseducation research, and our understanding of teaching and learning is only as good as our understanding of what our instruments can (and cannot) tell us. Physicseducation researchers use assessments to probe diverse aspects of learning, such as student knowledge, reasoning processes, attitudes and beliefs, and abilities. Researchers must think deeply about the assessments that are used, including their validity and reliability; methodology; alignment with learning, teaching, and research goals; overall purpose; implicit assumptions; and how our current assessment instruments are or are not meeting our objectives as teachers, researchers and learners. PERC 2011 highlighted this theme of assessment, bringing the issue into the foreground of the PER community.
This study sought to validate the Self-Perception Profile for College Students (Neemann and Harter, 1986) by investigating the perceived competence of physicaleducation students as compared to students enrolled in other academic programs. Group One comprised 114 physicaleducation students. Group Two consisted of 209 subjects enrolled in other academic programs. The Self-Perception Profile for College Students was administered to all subjects. Five scales (athletic, scholastic, social acceptance, appearance, and global self-worth) were analyzed. Factor analysis and internal consistency measures provided psychometric support for the scales. Separate ANOVAs calculated for each scale revealed that physicaleducation students had higher perceptions of athletic competence than the other students. Males had higher perceptions of athletic and appearance competence, whereas females had higher perceived social acceptance. These findings are discussed in terms of psychometric issues, and the relationship between perceived competence and motivational patterns. PMID:2272008
The GEANT4 Monte Carlo radiation transport toolkit provides the basic services and infrastructure required for the development of flexible simulation frameworks and applications which have found generalized use in high energy physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics and medicalphysics research. GEANT4 object-oriented design provides the possibility to implement or modify any physics process in GEANT4 without changing other parts of the
Pedro Rodrigues; Rui Moura; L. Peralta; M. G. Pia; A. Trindade; J. Varela
The increasing globalisation of medicine, as manifested in the migration rate of medical doctors and in the growth of cross-border education providers, has inflicted a wave of quality assurance efforts in medicaleducation, and underlined the need for definition of standards and for introduction of effective and transparent accreditation systems. In 2004, reflecting the importance of the interface between medicaleducation and the healthcare delivery sector, a World Health Organization (WHO)/World Federation for MedicalEducation (WFME) Strategic Partnership to improve medicaleducation was formed. In 2005, the partnership published Guidelines for Accreditation of Basic MedicalEducation. The WHO/WFME Guidelines recommend the establishment of proper accreditation systems that are effective, independent, transparent and based on medicaleducation-specific criteria. An important prerequisite for this development was the WFME Global Standards programme, initiated in 1997 and widely endorsed. The standards are now being used in all 6 WHO/WFME regions as a basis for quality improvement of medicaleducation throughout its continuum and as a template for national and regional accreditation standards. Promotion of national accreditation systems will have a pivotal influence on future international appraisal of medicaleducation. Information about accreditation status - the agencies involved and the criteria and procedure used - will be an essential component of new Global Directories of Health Professions Educational Institutions. According to an agreement between the WHO and the University of Copenhagen (UC), these Directories (the Avicenna Directories) will be developed and published by the UC with the assistance of the WFME, starting with renewal of the WHO World Directory of Medical Schools, and sequentially expanding to cover educational institutions for other health professions. The Directories will be a foundation for international meta-recognition ("accrediting the accreditors") of educational institutions and their programmes. PMID:19159040
Although social justice is an integral component of medical professionalism, there is little discussion in medicaleducation about how to teach it to future physicians. Using adult learning theory and the work of Brazilian educator Paulo Freire, medicaleducators can teach a socially-conscious professionalism through educational content and teaching strategies. Such teaching can model non-hierarchical relationships to learners, which can translate to their clinical interactions with patients. Freirian teaching can additionally foster professionalism in both teachers and learners by ensuring that they are involved citizens in their local, national and international communities. PMID:17001528
This paper briefly reviews the current situation of Latin American medical schools and the search to improve the quality and professionalism of medicaleducation through the region. Institutional evaluation and accreditation programs based on nationally ongoing developing standards have been accepted, now optimized and complemented by the framework of the Global & International Standards of MedicalEducation working jointly with the WFME. More recently, the process has evolved to look into the quality of the outcomes of the medicals as seen by examinations implemented at the end of medical studies and the initiation of medical practice. In addition, there is vision for the application of new programs such as the global minimum essential requirements advanced by the Institute for International MedicalEducation (IIME). The PanAmerican Federation of Associations of Medical Schools (PAFAMS), an academic, non-governmental organization, is fostering the exchange of ideas and experiences among members, associations and affiliated medical schools geared to focus on the quality and professionalism of the graduates of medical schools in Latin America. These actions also aim to consolidate databases of information on medicaleducation and innovative endeavors in continuing professional education and development through e-learning projects in the region. PMID:16627317
Pulido M, Pablo A; Cravioto, Alejandro; Pereda, Ana; Rondón, Roberto; Pereira, Gloria
First we present here the main post-graduate courses proposed in France both for physicians and engineers in medical optronics. After we explain which medical domains are concerned by this teaching, essentially computer assisted surgery, telemedicine and functional exploration. Then we show the main research axes in these fields, in which new jobs have to be invented and new educational approaches have to be prepared in order to satisfy the demand coming both from hospitals (mainly referent hospitals) and from industry (essentially medical imaging and instrumentation companies). Finally we will conclude that medical optronics is an important step in an entire chain of acquisition and processing of medical data, capable to create the medical knowledge a surgeon or a physician needs for diagnosis or therapy purposes. Optimizing the teaching of medical optronics needs a complete integration from acquiring to modeling the medical reality. This tendency to give a holistic education in medical imaging and instrumentation is called `Model driven Acquisition' learning.
Demongeot, Jacques; Fleute, M.; Herve, T.; Lavallee, Stephane
The attrition rate of 5% to 50% from US medical schools in the 1920s propelled the development of a test that would measure aptitude for medical studies. Since its development in 1928, the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) has undergone 5 revisions. The first version was divided into 6 to 8 subtests that focused on memory, knowledge of scientific terminology, reading and comprehension, and logic. The second, which appeared in 1946, was reduced to 4 categories: verbal and quantitative skills, science knowledge, and added a category called understanding modern society. The major difference in the third version, launched in 1962, expanded the test's understanding modern society section to a broader test of general information. In 1977, the MCAT underwent its fourth change: its science section, reading and quantitative skill assessment sections were expanded; its general liberal arts knowledge section was eliminated; its scoring report structure and scoring range were altered; and its cultural and social bias was minimized. The current version, beginning in 1991, has undergone another significant change. Although it does not contain independent measures of either liberal arts or numeracy as separate categories, quantitative skills are needed to solve some of the problems in biological and physical sciences. However, its principal innovation is the writing sample section. Through its 74-year history, the various renditions of the MCAT demonstrate that the definition of aptitude for medicaleducation reflects the professional and social mores and values of the time. PMID:12204076
Many solid-state detectors have been successfully used to perform the quality control and in vivo dosimetry in medicalphysics, both in diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy, as they have high sensitivity in a small volume; most of them do not require electrical connection and have dosimetric characteristics of interest such as: good accuracy and reproducibility, as well as a response independent of the energy of radiation, some of them. For this reason, the selection of an appropriate detector for use in medicalphysics must take into account the energy mass absorption coefficient relative to water for photon sources and the mass stopping power relative to water for beta emitters and electron beams in the energy range of interest in medicalphysics, as well as the effective atomic number of materials that constitute them. This paper presents a review of the dosimetric characteristics of the solid state dosimeters most suitable for use in medicalphysics.
Azorin-Nieto, Juan [Physics Department, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186 Col. Vicentina, 09340 Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)
Many solid-state detectors have been successfully used to perform the quality control and in vivo dosimetry in medicalphysics, both in diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy, as they have high sensitivity in a small volume; most of them do not require electrical connection and have dosimetric characteristics of interest such as: good accuracy and reproducibility, as well as a response independent of the energy of radiation, some of them. For this reason, the selection of an appropriate detector for use in medicalphysics must take into account the energy mass absorption coefficient relative to water for photon sources and the mass stopping power relative to water for beta emitters and electron beams in the energy range of interest in medicalphysics, as well as the effective atomic number of materials that constitute them. This paper presents a review of the dosimetric characteristics of the solid state dosimeters most suitable for use in medicalphysics.
...physical impairment or medical conditions that could lead to disqualification include, but are not limited to, poorly controlled diabetes, myocardial infarctions, psychiatric disorders, and convulsive disorders. (2) Food handlers are not required...
Medical services in Columbia are scarce in many regions, not only because of accessibility problems and costs, but also because of difficulties in access to medical knowledge. We envision a long-term strategy for virtual education programs, based upon communication technologies that could be developed by private and government institutions. The diffusion of telemedicine concepts, applications, and technologies are critical for propagating medical knowledge. This paper describes the virtual education experiences at the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. PMID:16149897
Vélez Beltrán, Jorge Alberto; Newball, Andres Adolfo Navarro
The purpose of this review was to establish what is currently known about the effect of the Sport Education (SE) curriculum model (Siedentop, 1994a) on various indices of student learning in physicaleducation. A total of 62 peer-reviewed journal articles pertaining to the SE model were collected and separated into two broad categories of theoretical\\/application articles (n?=?34) and data-based empirical
The changing financial structure of health care is prompting review of medical school resources allocated to CME units. This study examined the types of subsidization provided to CME by medical schools and the methods of allocation of CME revenue within medical schools. Data are presented for 21 medical schools from different geographic areas of the United States. Medical schools often provide appreciable financial support to CME offices, particularly office space, faculty time, and space for CME meetings. However, the amount of support varies greatly from school to school. Revenue distribution arrangements also vary. Medical schools can use the description of arrangements at other schools in reviewing the appropriateness of their own current arrangements. PMID:10275687
|In previous reports attention was called to the rapid improvements in medicaleducation in the United States, secured through a campaign which was begun by the American Medical Association in 1904. At the beginning of the campaign, the number of medical schools in this country exceeded the total in all the rest of the world. There was clearly an
|Describe four models of incorporating elder-mistreatment curriculum and collaboration with adult protective services into geriatrics medicaleducation. Draws on efforts at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey--Robert Wood Johnson Medical School; the University of California, Irvine College of Medicine; Hennepin County Medical
Heath, John M.; Dyer, Carmel B.; Kerzner, Lawrence J.; Mosqueda, Laura; Murphy, Carole
|In this paper, we examine issues relating to the enduring nature of elitism and exclusion in medicaleducation by exploring the changes in social and policy influences on the admission and inclusion of women and disabled people to undergraduate medical courses and the medical profession. The widening participation imperative in the United Kingdom
This 1967 summary of closed circuit television (CCTV) activities in medicaleducation presents descriptive information on 35 different medical institutions in Great Britain. Specific data on CCTV are offered by institution, equipment, and uses under each medical field: anatomy, anaesthetics, geriatrics, medicine, obstretrics and gynaecology,
Describe four models of incorporating elder-mistreatment curriculum and collaboration with adult protective services into geriatrics medicaleducation. Draws on efforts at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey--Robert Wood Johnson Medical School; the University of California, Irvine College of Medicine; Hennepin County Medical
Heath, John M.; Dyer, Carmel B.; Kerzner, Lawrence J.; Mosqueda, Laura; Murphy, Carole
A 9-item mail survey dealing with availability and characteristics of undergraduate medicaleducation programs in palliative medicine was sent to all medical schools in Canada (16) and the United Kingdom (UK) (30), and 129 randomly selected medical schools in the United States (US) and Western Europe. The overall response rate was 117\\/175 (67%). The highest percentage of mandatory (required by
Purpose To describe the current educational technology infrastructure and services provided by North American allopathic medical schools that are members of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), to present information needed for institutional benchmarking. Method A Web-based survey instrument was developed and administered in the fall of 2004 by the authors, sent to representatives of 137 medical schools and
Carol Kamin; Kevin H. Souza; Diane Heestand; Anna Moses
The National Alliance for Medication Assisted Recovery has started projects to address the stigma that impacts medication-assisted treatment. The Certified Medication Assisted Treatment Advocate Program trains patients and professionals for advocacy in seminars and conferences. The MARS Project educates (Einstein, Bronx, New York) buprenorphine and methadone patients to dispel stigma and achieve better treatment outcomes. Beyond MARS trains patients nationwide
Purpose Medicaleducation in the USA has historically been designed around social and economic conditions within the medical community, contributing to a fluctuating emphasis on the number of medical schools, as well as the methods by which medicine has been taught, and ultimately leading to a shortage in the physician supply. This paper aims to describe the current status
|Despite extensive experience teaching residents, surgeons are an untapped resource for educatingmedical students. We hypothesized that by involving surgeons as teachers earlier in the medical school curriculum, medical students' interest in surgery will increase and their opinions of surgeons will improve. Five programs designed to involve
Haubert, Lisa M.; Way, David; DePhilip, Robert; Tam, Marty; Bishop, Julie; Jones, Kenneth; Moffatt-Bruce, Susan D.
|This 1967 summary of closed circuit television (CCTV) activities in medicaleducation presents descriptive information on 35 different medical institutions in Great Britain. Specific data on CCTV are offered by institution, equipment, and uses under each medical field: anatomy, anaesthetics, geriatrics, medicine, obstretrics and gynaecology,
This review summarizes exemplary secondary education and outreach programs of the particle physics community. We examine programs from the following areas: research experiences, high-energy physics data for students, informal learning for students, instructional resources, and professional development. We report findings about these programs' impact on students and teachers and provide suggestions for practices that create effective programs from those findings. We also include some methods for assessing programs.
If you wish to gain a historical perspective of many fields of physics you must take a long term view, taking in developments over several centuries. However, for physics applied to medicine, essentially all our activities have been compressed into the last 100 years, and the giants on whose shoulders we stand are the contemporaries of our parents or grandparents.
This paper is based on a keynote lecture delivered at the International Association of PhysicalEducation in Higher Education 2011 Conference, University of Limerick, on the sub theme: Technologies in Support of PhysicalEducation, Sport, and Physical Activity. The paper outlines and illustrates a framework: narrative technology, which can be used for designing computing to support and enhance physicaleducation,
|Undergraduate medicaleducation is too long; it does not meet the needs for physicians' workforce; and its content is inconsistent with the job characteristics of some of its graduates. In this paper we attempt to respond to these problems by streamlining medicaleducation along the following three reforms. First, high school graduates would be
A continuing medicaleducation program is discussed that addresses chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and that links primary care physicians to a source of needed clinical knowledge at a relatively low cost. The educational methods, evaluation design, diagnosis of educational needs, selection of program content and behavioral outcomes are
Increasing demands on continuing medicaleducation (CME) are taking place at a time of significant developments in educational thinking and new learning technologies. Such developments allow today's CME providers to better meet the CRISIS criteria for effective continuing education: convenience, relevance, individualization, self-assessment,
Within many school contexts physicaleducation and sport have historically been positioned as polemic, and while there has been plenty of rhetoric about physicaleducation as well as sport within education, there has seldom been engaged debate or discussion about the relationship between physicaleducation and sport in school settings. This
This text on physicaleducation for children and adolescents with disabilities attempts to bring together current research findings and best educational practices from the fields of adapted physicaleducation, special education, psychology, medicine, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and therapeutic recreation. The book is organized into
|The rapid increase in the number of students with visual impairments currently being educated in inclusive general physicaleducation makes it important that physicaleducation instructors know how best to serve them. Assessment of the experiences of students with visual impairments during general physicaleducation classes, knowledge of
Lieberman, Lauren J.; Robinson, Barbara L.; Rollheiser, Heidi
|Within many school contexts physicaleducation and sport have historically been positioned as polemic, and while there has been plenty of rhetoric about physicaleducation as well as sport within education, there has seldom been engaged debate or discussion about the relationship between physicaleducation and sport in school settings. This
...2009-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...Â§ 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...meet the applicable medical and physical fitness qualification standards as...
...2010-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...Â§ 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...meet the applicable medical and physical fitness qualification standards as...
...Protective Force Personnel Medical, Physical Readiness, Training, and Access Authorization...to amend the standards for medical, physical performance, training, and access authorizations...to revise the standards for medical, physical performance, training, and access...
|Amotivation refers to a state in which individuals cannot perceive a relationship between their behavior and that behavior's subsequent outcome. With the belief that considering amotivation as a multidimensional construct could reflect the complexity of motivational deficits in physicaleducation, we developed this study to validate an
Shen, Bo; Wingert, Robert K.; Li, Weidong; Sun, Haichun; Rukavina, Paul Bernard
In recent years some engineering schools in the Middle East have proposed reducing the amount of basic science courses in their curricula. A conference on engineering education in the Arabian Gulf countries held in Kuwait in 1980 suggested that the number of courses in physics and chemistry should be reduced from the present level (Jamjoom 1980). The arguments often put
A review of the undergraduate physicaleducation curricula in Canadian universities revealed sparse offerings in the humanities when compared to the biophysical and social sciences. Recommendations are made to reorder the curriculum to provide better balance between the two areas. (Author/CB)
Many school physicaleducation programs would seem to be too traditional and too elitist to meet the needs of the whole range of students within the school. As a result of such programmes there are large numbers of the adult population who do not have the attitudes, values, knowledge or skills to be able to lead a healthy active life.
|Explores the significance of engagement as a stance toward teaching and learning, noting how engagement can affect the way teachers and students interact in physicaleducation settings and surrounding environments and presenting activities to encourage engagement (develop performance routines, say and switch, roundtable brainstorm, bubble gum
|THIS BOOK, WRITTEN FOR PROSPECTIVE PHYSICALEDUCATION TEACHERS IN A VARIETY OF SETTINGS, HAS THREE OBJECTIVES--(1) TO INTRODUCE BRIEFLY THE NATURE OF VARIOUS HANDICAPPING CONDITIONS, (2) TO DELINEATE THEIR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS, AND (3) TO SUGGEST SUITABLE GAMES AND ACTIVITIES. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND, A BASIS FOR UNDERSTANDING THE
|This article is a follow-up to an article by the author published in the November/December 2003 issue of JOPERD, that examined the research supporting the idea that movement enhances cognitive learning. In this follow-up article the author shows how physicaleducators can apply this information, in a variety of ways. The following outlines some
Included in the daily program are listings of demonstration events, film showings, sports activities and session offerings. After a greeting from Jean Kennedy Smith for the Kennedy Foundation, the Special Olympics program is reviewed and ways are suggested for developing a local program. Discussed are new dimensions in physicaleducation for the
This book covers in detail the construction and equipping of athletic facilities. Planning and building for future as well as present needs and the wise, economical use of space are emphasized. Accompanied by informative illustrations, the topics discussed are: (1) historical antecedents and sociological trends in physicaleducation and
|Designed for instruction of emotionally handicapped children and youth, these two articles deal with concepts and activities of physical and health education with an outdoor emphasis. Objectives cited in the first article are teaching young people to: enjoy the out-of-doors; cooperate with others and share in common goals; develop skills for
|This article explores the opportunity of teaching physicaleducation at international schools. Common challenges (e.g., communication differences, adapting to the host culture, teaching individuals from various cultural backgrounds) and positive aspects (e.g., smart and engaged students, a positive learning environment for teachers, great
|Provides several possibilities for incorporating different forms of technology into elementary physicaleducation programs in order to satisfy technology requirements and enhance instruction. The suggestions include evaluating students or providing feedback using video cameras, analyzing freeze-frames using Polaroid cameras, and surfing the World
|A review of the undergraduate physicaleducation curricula in Canadian universities revealed sparse offerings in the humanities when compared to the biophysical and social sciences. Recommendations are made to reorder the curriculum to provide better balance between the two areas. (Author/CB)|
A new instrument of motivational climate in physicaleducation is presented with the goal of measuring perceptions of teachers' emphasis on mastery, performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and social approval goals. The measure was based on the principle of compatibility, according to which climate perceptions and achievement goals should be
As a school subject, physicaleducation (PE) in Singapore took on its own shape with the introduction of a conceptual games teaching approach in response to the national government's "Thinking Schools, Learning Nation" policy of the late 1990s. With the recent media attention on hosting two main international events (Asian Youth Games and the
This feature, consisting of 14 articles, looks at physicaleducation from an international perspective. Programs in Nigeria, the USSR, Papua New Guinea, China, Denmark, West Germany, and Bahrain are explored. Exchange programs, culture shock, and barriers to understanding are discussed. The impact of the Olympic Games on Korea is analyzed. (MT)
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 1987
|Using Scanlan and Lewthwaite's (1986) sport enjoyment model as a conceptual framework, this study was designed to explore two areas: (a) students' and teachers' perceptions of "fun" in physicaleducation class and (b) differences that may exist in these perceptions between groups of students (in team sports, individual/dual sports, and fitness)
Sedentary lifestyles are often to blame for overweight and obesity, which is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the U.S. (USDHHS, 2001). While video games have historically been identified as the culprit of inactivity, new interactive video games make participants break a sweat. Some physicaleducators have begun integrating this
Presented in the first of a two volume series is a developmental physicaleducation checklist which provides teachers of trainable mentally retarded students with a permanent and accountable record of pupil progress and needs. The checklist is intended to be used with the accompanying volume of curricular activities in a nongraded enviroment for
The purpose of this article is to discuss concepts of positive psychology related to quality physicaleducation. Positive psychology and the scientific study of happiness refer to three paths or pursuits: the pleasant life (positive emotion), the engaged life (engagement), and the meaningful life (meaning). When individuals are aware of, pursue,
Research has shown that exercise improves cognitive function and psychological traits that influence behavior (e.g., mood, level of motivation). The evidence in the literature also shows that physicaleducation may enhance learning or that academic performance is at least maintained despite a reduction in classroom time in order to increase time
|As a school subject, physicaleducation (PE) in Singapore took on its own shape with the introduction of a conceptual games teaching approach in response to the national government's "Thinking Schools, Learning Nation" policy of the late 1990s. With the recent media attention on hosting two main international events (Asian Youth Games and the
There has been little research dealing with the issues of teaching ethnic minority groups in physicaleducation (PE), in particular that which takes the perceptions of teachers and their pupils as the focal point to examine the issues and conflicts. This research takes a social action perspective by studying Muslim children in a northern comprehensive school. The areas of conflict
The self-contained sections within the document (one for grades K-3, the other for grades 4-6) present objectives, activities, monitoring procedures and resources for the elementary physicaleducation curriculum for Washington small school districts. Identical introductory materials describe the organization of Small Schools materials,
OBJECTIVESTo investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, especially symptomatic osteoarthrosis (OA) of the knee and hip, health and lifestyle factors among physicaleducation (PE) teachers, and whether they differed from the general population in these respects.METHODSThe study base was all Swedish men (n=290) and women (n=281) who graduated from the only training college for PE teachers in Sweden, between the
PHYSICALEDUCATION ACTIVITIES FOR USE IN GRADES ONE THROUGH SIX ARE ENUMERATED AND DESCRIBED IN THIS MANUAL. UNITS OF THE MANUAL WHICH ARE CONCERNED WITH SIDEWALK GAMES, SCHOOLROOM GAMES, BALL GAMES FOR GRADES ONE AND TWO, STUNTS AND STUNT GAMES, AND GAMES OF LOW ORGANIZATION ARE PRESENTED IN A FORMAT WHICH CONSISTS OF (1) A LISTING OF CRITERIA BY
|The purpose of this article is to discuss concepts of positive psychology related to quality physicaleducation. Positive psychology and the scientific study of happiness refer to three paths or pursuits: the pleasant life (positive emotion), the engaged life (engagement), and the meaningful life (meaning). When individuals are aware of, pursue,
|The purpose of this study was to examine students' reports of misbehavior in physicaleducation class. Secondary school participants (N = 2,309) completed a previously validated instrument designed to measure students' reports of 59 student behaviors occurring in classes that might affect class management (e.g., from talking to bringing weapons
|Research has shown that exercise improves cognitive function and psychological traits that influence behavior (e.g., mood, level of motivation). The evidence in the literature also shows that physicaleducation may enhance learning or that academic performance is at least maintained despite a reduction in classroom time in order to increase time
|Sedentary lifestyles are often to blame for overweight and obesity, which is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the U.S. (USDHHS, 2001). While video games have historically been identified as the culprit of inactivity, new interactive video games make participants break a sweat. Some physicaleducators have begun integrating this
|Historically, medicaleducation has focused largely on medical students' intellectual development, mostly ignoring the broader psychological milieu of medical practice. This chasm can result in practitioners who are less likely to process their emotions and/or support their patient's needs, and more likely to experience burnout.
An interdisciplinary approach to teaching physicaleducation can contribute in many ways to the mission of the school. It can draw interest in physicaleducation from administrators, parents, and community members, and can help legitimize the position of the physicaleducator on the faculty by showing colleagues in the classroom that physical
Medicalphysics plays an essential role in modern medicine. This is particularly evident in cancer care where medical physicists are involved in radiotherapy treatment planning and quality assurance as well as in imaging and radiation protection. Due to the large variety of tasks and interests, medicalphysics is often subdivided into specialties such as radiology, nuclear medicine and radiation oncology medicalphysics. However, even within their specialty, the role of radiation oncology medical physicists (ROMPs) is diverse and varies between different societies. Therefore, a questionnaire was sent to leading medical physicists in most countries/areas in the Asia/Pacific region to determine the education, role and status of medical physicists. Answers were received from 17 countries/areas representing nearly 2800 radiation oncology medical physicists. There was general agreement that medical physicists should have both academic (typically at MSc level) and clinical (typically at least 2 years) training. ROMPs spent most of their time working in radiotherapy treatment planning (average 17 hours per week); however radiation protection and engineering tasks were also common. Typically, only physicists in large centres are involved in research and teaching. Most respondents thought that the workload of physicists was high, with more than 500 patients per year per physicist, less than one ROMP per two oncologists being the norm, and on average, one megavoltage treatment unit per medical physicist. There was also a clear indication of increased complexity of technology in the region with many countries/areas reporting to have installed helical tomotherapy, IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy), IGRT (Image Guided Radiation Therapy), Gamma-knife and Cyber-knife units. This and the continued workload from brachytherapy will require growing expertise and numbers in the medicalphysics workforce. Addressing these needs will be an important challenge for the future.
Medicalphysics plays an essential role in modern medicine. This is particularly evident in cancer care where medical physicists are involved in radiotherapy treatment planning and quality assurance as well as in imaging and radiation protection. Due to the large variety of tasks and interests, medicalphysics is often subdivided into specialties such as radiology, nuclear medicine and radiation oncology medicalphysics. However, even within their specialty, the role of radiation oncology medical physicists (ROMPs) is diverse and varies between different societies. Therefore, a questionnaire was sent to leading medical physicists in most countries/areas in the Asia/Pacific region to determine the education, role and status of medical physicists.Answers were received from 17 countries/areas representing nearly 2800 radiation oncology medical physicists. There was general agreement that medical physicists should have both academic (typically at MSc level) and clinical (typically at least 2 years) training. ROMPs spent most of their time working in radiotherapy treatment planning (average 17 hours per week); however radiation protection and engineering tasks were also common. Typically, only physicists in large centres are involved in research and teaching. Most respondents thought that the workload of physicists was high, with more than 500 patients per year per physicist, less than one ROMP per two oncologists being the norm, and on average, one megavoltage treatment unit per medical physicist.There was also a clear indication of increased complexity of technology in the region with many countries/areas reporting to have installed helical tomotherapy, IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy), IGRT (Image Guided Radiation Therapy), Gamma-knife and Cyber-knife units. This and the continued workload from brachytherapy will require growing expertise and numbers in the medicalphysics workforce. Addressing these needs will be an important challenge for the future. PMID:21611001
The popularity of medical television dramas is well-established and medicaleducators are beginning to recognize the power of medical media as a potential tool for education. The purpose of this study was to view a number of medical dramas and consider their potential use in medicaleducation. A total of 177 episodes from eight popular television medical dramas produced between 1990 and 2009 were systematically viewed and analyzed and a brief guide was developed for each drama. The dramas analyzed contained a wealth of material applicable to medicaleducation. In our experience, each drama may be best suited to a particular educational use: for example, clips from "ER" and "Scrubs" offer more examples of teaching and learning than "House" and "Grey's Anatomy", which are perhaps better suited for topics on ethics or team work. We hope that this brief guide will encourage others to consider integrating this material into their teaching, and to explore how television drama may be used most effectively in medicaleducation. PMID:23228106
Introduction The Department of Graduate MedicalEducation at Stanford Hospital and Clinics has developed a professional training program for program directors. This paper outlines the goals, structure, and expected outcomes for the one-year Fellowship in Graduate MedicalEducation Administration program. Background The skills necessary for leading a successful Accreditation Council for Graduate MedicalEducation (ACGME) training program require an increased level of curricular and administrative expertise. To meet the ACGME Outcome Project goals, program directors must demonstrate not only sophisticated understanding of curricular design but also competency-based performance assessment, resource management, and employment law. Few faculty-development efforts adequately address the complexities of educational administration. As part of an institutional-needs assessment, 41% of Stanford program directors indicated that they wanted more training from the Department of Graduate MedicalEducation. Intervention To address this need, the Fellowship in Graduate MedicalEducation Administration program will provide a curriculum that includes (1) readings and discussions in 9 topic areas, (2) regular mentoring by the director of Graduate MedicalEducation (GME), (3) completion of a service project that helps improve GME across the institution, and (4) completion of an individual scholarly project that focuses on education. Results The first fellow was accepted during the 20082009 academic year. Outcomes for the project include presentation of a project at a national meeting, internal workshops geared towards disseminating learning to peer program directors, and the completion of a GME service project. The paper also discusses lessons learned for improving the program.
The development of feelings of identity, the sense of belonging to a team, and the growth of social skills are experiences that sport, if properly conducted, is well placed to offer (Siedentop, 1994). Evidence suggests that some characteristics of traditional, multiactivity forms of physicaleducation work against realizing these goals (Locke,
This paper brings a speculative, sociological perspective to the nature of "ability" in physicaleducation (PE) and asks why this aspect of embodiment, with notable exceptions, has received so little critical attention in the professional discourse of PE and associated research in recent years. It is suggested that thinking about "ability" has
|Kinesiological studies, broadly defined as the subdisciplines of human movement, have been prominent in the evolution of the profession and have been included in the national standards for both K-12 physicaleducation and beginning and advanced teachers. Therefore, kinesiological studies should contribute substantively to the preparation of
Traditional medical schools in modern academic health centers make discoveries, create new knowledge and technology, provide innovative care to the sickest patients, and educate future academic and practicing physicians. Unfortunately, the growth of the research and clinical care missions has sometimes resulted in a loss of emphasis on the general professional education of medical students. The author concludes that it may not be practical for many established medical schools to functionally return to the reason they were created: for the education of medical students.He had the opportunity to discover a different model of medical student education at the first new MD-granting medical school created in the United States in 25 years (in 2000), the Florida State University College of Medicine. He was initially skeptical about how its distributed regional campuses model, using practicing primary care physicians to help medical students learn in mainly ambulatory settings, could be effective. But his experience as a faculty member at the school convinced him that the model works very well.He proposes a better alignment of form and function for many established medical schools and an extension of the regional community-based model to the formation of community-based primary care graduate medicaleducation programs determined by physician workforce needs and available resources. PMID:23187916
The Sydney University PhysicsEducation Research group (SUPER) has an active program offering (a) PhDs by research for students and (b) research projects for visiting scholars. So why do we need to undertake such projects within a physics school rather than in education schools and faculties? The prime reason is that adequate domain knowledge and skills are required to work in areas such as conceptual change, subject-specific cognitive theories, expert/novice modeling, and multiple representations. In addition, a decrease in student motivation for studying physics has captured the interest of research-based university departments who are now interested in reversing the trend. The areas under investigation by the SUPER group include student understandings of gravity, collaborative learning environments for large first-year classes, and the transfer of mathematics skills and knowledge.
|This dissertation is a qualitative case study of how three liberal arts colleges rationalized and provided physicaleducation courses despite a trend in higher education to reduce or eliminate physicaleducation from the curriculum. Kalamazoo College, Bennett College for Women, and Barnard College for Women continue to provide physicaleducation
The World Wide Web is a valuable source of nutrition and health information, but the time and effort required to take advantage of this resource may stand in the way of routine use in medicaleducation and practice. The Nutrition Academic Award (NAA) has produced numerous examples of Web-based nutrition resources, including nutrition assessment tools, patient education materials, and presentations and curricula for professional education. The University of Wisconsin Medical Nutrition Handbook provides evidence-based nutrition care guides for common clinical problems, including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, and the metabolic syndrome. Incorporation of these resources into medical practice may increase the provision of effective nutrition care. PMID:16600954
Underbakke, Gail; McBride, Patrick E; Spencer, Elizabeth
Many findings from research as well as reports from teachers describe students' problem solving strategies as manipulation of formulas by rote. The resulting dissatisfaction with quantitative physical textbook problems seems to influence the attitude towards the role of mathematics in physicseducation in general. Mathematics is often seen as a tool for calculation which hinders a conceptual understanding of physical principles. However, the role of mathematics cannot be reduced to this technical aspect. Hence, instead of putting mathematics away we delve into the nature of physical science to reveal the strong conceptual relationship between mathematics and physics. Moreover, we suggest that, for both prospective teaching and further research, a focus on deeply exploring such interdependency can significantly improve the understanding of physics. To provide a suitable basis, we develop a new model which can be used for analysing different levels of mathematical reasoning within physics. It is also a guideline for shifting the attention from technical to structural mathematical skills while teaching physics. We demonstrate its applicability for analysing physical-mathematical reasoning processes with an example.
Outdoor/adventure education is a relatively new content area required by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education for students majoring in physicaleducation. Teacher preparation programs in physicaleducation have yet to adopt a standardized curriculum. A survey was completed by 162 of the 536 physicaleducation programs in
|This study investigated 10th-grade students' views concerning the physical effects of an adventure-physicaleducation curriculum and the potential of such a curriculum to enhance components of a multidimensional model of physical self-concept. Semistructured interviews were used to obtain students' views and participant observations were
Death and dying is an ultimate process that every human being must experience. However, in these days we do not like to think or discuss about death and dying. Actually, hatred and denial is the usual feeling when we encounter death and dying. Dying is more than a biological occurrence. It is a human, social, and spiritual event, but the spiritual dimension of patients is too often neglected. Whether death is viewed as a "wall" or as a "door" can have significantly important consequences for how we live our lives. Near death experience is one of the excellent evidences to prove that there should be spiritual component being separated from the human physical body when we experience death. People have called it soul, spirit, or nonlocal consciousness. Caregivers need to recognize and acknowledge the spiritual component of patient care. Learning about death and dying helps us encounter death in ways that are meaningful for our own lives. Among the several learning tools, utilizing cinema with its audio and visual components can be one of the most powerful learning tools in death education. PMID:23018534
BACKGROUND: One preliminary step to strengthen medicaleducation research would be determining the research priorities. The aim of this study was to determine the research priorities of medicaleducation in Iran in 2007-2008. METHODS: This descriptive study was carried out in two phases. Phase one was performed in 3 stages and used Delphi technique among academic staffs of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The three stages included a brainstorming workshop for 140 faculty members and educational experts resulting in a list of research priorities, then, in the second and third stages 99 and 76 questionnaires were distributed among faculty members. In the second phase, the final questionnaires were mailed to educational research center managers of universities type I, II and III, and were distributed among 311 academic members and educational experts to rate the items on a numerical scale ranging from 1 to 10. RESULTS: The most important research priorities included faculty members development methods, faculty members motives, satisfaction and welfare, criteria and procedures of faculty members promotion, teaching methods and learning techniques, job descriptions and professional skills of graduates, quality management in education, second language, clinical education, science production in medicine, faculty evaluation and information technology. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the medial education research priorities in national level and in different types of medical universities in Iran. It is recommended that faculty members and research administrators consider the needs and requirements of education and plan the researches in education according to these priorities.
Clinical Health Informatics (CHI), including integrated electronic medical records (EMR), is playing an increasingly important role in medical practice. It is widely felt that these tools have the potential to improve the quality of medical care and patient outcomes, while increasing efficiency and controlling overall health care costs. Studies have demonstrated the ability of CHI to have a significant impact
Medical doctors constitute a profession which embraces trust from and accountability to society. This responsibility extends to all medicaleducational institutions. Social accountability of medicaleducation means a willingness and ability to adjust to the needs of patients and health care systems both nationally and globally. But it also implies a responsibility to contribute to the development of medicine and society through fostering competence for research and improvement. Accreditation is a process by which a statutory body evaluates and recognises an educational institution and/or its programme with respect to meeting approved criteria. It is a means for quality assurance, but also a strong power to reinforce the need for improvement and reforms. It must be performed through internationally recognised and transparent standards and should foremost promote quality development. The social accountability of medicaleducation must be included in all accreditation processes at all levels. The global standards programme by World Federation for MedicalEducation (WFME) provides tools for national or regional accreditation but also guidance for reforms and quality improvement. The standards are used worldwide and have been adopted to local needs in most parts of the world. They are framed to specify attainment at two levels: basic standards or minimum requirements and standards for quality development. The concept of social accountability is embedded in all parts of the WFME standards documents. In 2011, a revision of the standards for undergraduate education has been instituted. Strengthening of aspects on social accountability of medicaleducation will be a particular concern. PMID:21774655
People with epilepsy suffer from a considerable lack of physical activity. In addition, an important problem of epilepsy management is the lack of qualified professionals. In this study we present data from a survey which aimed to assess physicaleducators' general knowledge about epilepsy. One hundred and thirty four physicaleducators of both sexes answered a questionnaire. Sixty percent of the professionals believe that a seizure is an abnormal electrical discharge of the brain, 13% that epilepsy is a cerebral chronic disease that can not be cured or controlled, 84% that people having convulsions will not necessarily present epilepsy and 5% that people with epilepsy have difficulties of learning. Questions concerned previous professional experience with epilepsy showed that 61% have seen a seizure and 53% have access to some information about epilepsy. Thus, 28% of professionals have a friend or relative with epilepsy, 14% have a student with epilepsy, and 29% helped someone during seizures. Our findings reveal a lack of physicaleducators' appropriate knowledge about epilepsy. Improvement of this might contribute to the improvement of epilepsy care/management. PMID:20602037
Vancini, Rodrigo Luiz; Lira, Claudio Andre Barbosa de; Gomes da Silva, Sergio; Scorza, Fúlvio Alexandre; Silva, Antonio Carlos da; Vieira, Douglas; Cavalheiro, Esper Abrão; Arida, Ricardo Mario
Medical Imaging is a key training component in Biomedical Engineering programs. Medical imaging education is interdisciplinary training, involving physics, mathematics, chemistry, electrical engineering, computer engineering, and applications in biology and medicine. Seeking an efficient teaching method for instructors and an effective learning environment for students has long been a goal for medical imaging education. By the support of NSF grants, we developed the medical imaging teaching software (MITS) and associated dynamic assessment tracking system (DATS). The MITS/DATS system has been applied to junior and senior medical imaging classes through a hybrid teaching model. The results show that student's learning gain improved, particularly in concept understanding and simulation project completion. The results also indicate disparities in subjective perception between junior and senior classes. Three institutions are collaborating to expand the courseware system and plan to apply it to different class settings. PMID:23367069
CONFLICT OF INTEREST: NONE DECLARED Distance learning refers to use of technologies based on health care delivered on distance and covers areas such as electronic health, tele-health (e-health), telematics, telemedicine, tele-education, etc. For the need of e-health, telemedicine, tele-education and distance learning there are various technologies and communication systems from standard telephone lines to the system of transmission digitalized signals with modem, optical fiber, satellite links, wireless technologies, etc. Tele-education represents health education on distance, using Information Communication Technologies (ICT), as well as continuous education of a health system beneficiaries and use of electronic libraries, data bases or electronic data with data bases of knowledge. Distance learning (E-learning) as a part of tele-education has gained popularity in the past decade; however, its use is highly variable among medical schools and appears to be more common in basic medical science courses than in clinical education. Distance learning does not preclude traditional learning processes; frequently it is used in conjunction with in-person classroom or professional training procedures and practices. Tele-education has mostly been used in biomedical education as a blended learning method, which combines tele-education technology with traditional instructor-led training, where, for example, a lecture or demonstration is supplemented by an online tutorial. Distance learning is used for self-education, tests, services and for examinations in medicine i.e. in terms of self-education and individual examination services. The possibility of working in the exercise mode with image files and questions is an attractive way of self education. Automated tracking and reporting of learners activities lessen faculty administrative burden. Moreover, e-learning can be designed to include outcomes assessment to determine whether learning has occurred. This review article evaluates the current status and level of tele-education development in Bosnia and Herzegovina outlining its components, faculty development needs for implementation and the possibility of its integration as official learning standard in biomedical curricula in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tele-education refers to the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) to enhance knowledge and performance. Tele-education in biomedical education is widely accepted in the medicaleducation community where it is mostly integrated into biomedical curricula forming part of a blended learning strategy. There are many biomedical digital repositories of e-learning materials worldwide, some peer reviewed, where instructors or developers can submit materials for widespread use. First pilot project with the aim to introduce tele-education in biomedical curricula in Bosnia and Herzegovina was initiated by Department for Medical Informatics at Medical Faculty in Sarajevo in 2002 and has been developing since. Faculty members skills in creating tele-education differ from those needed for traditional teaching and faculty rewards must recognize this difference and reward the effort. Tele-education and use of computers will have an impact of future medical practice in a life long learning. Bologna process, which started last years in European countries, provide us to promote and introduce modern educational methods of education at biomedical faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Cathedra of Medical informatics and Cathedra of Family medicine at Medical Faculty of University of Sarajevo started to use Web based education as common way of teaching of medical students. Satisfaction with this method of education within the students is good, but not yet suitable for most of medical disciplines at biomedical faculties in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Andragogy the study of adult education has been endorsed by many medicaleducators throughout North America. There remains,\\u000a however, considerable controversy as to the validity and utility of adult education principles as espoused by the field's\\u000a founder, Malcolm Knowles. Whatever the utility of andragogic doctrine in general education settings, there is reason to doubt\\u000a its wholesale applicability to
This program functioned to evaluate efforts for Continuing MedicalEducation in COPD directed from a major university to physicians in rural based practice settings. Two audio visual programs addressing diagnosis, treatment and patient compliance were dev...
Data are reported suggesting that a change in practice patterns did occur subsequent to a continuing medicaleducation program. Twenty-eight physicians took a course in pulmonary artery pressure monitoring and followup surveys indicate its objectives were met. (LBH)
Architectural, administrative, and educational aspects of the design of medical centers are explored. Based on the historical evolution of health care as a university responsibility, academic health science centers are expected to foster the team approach...
Explains the current graduate medicaleducation financing system and explores the impacts that various policy changes and legislation under consideration would have on residency programs and the health of already financially stressed teaching hospitals. (EV)
|Data are reported suggesting that a change in practice patterns did occur subsequent to a continuing medicaleducation program. Twenty-eight physicians took a course in pulmonary artery pressure monitoring and followup surveys indicate its objectives were met. (LBH)|
Use of simulation-based training is fast becoming a vital source of experiential learning in medicaleducation. Although simulation is a common tool for undergraduate and graduate medicaleducation curricula, the utilization of simulation in continuing medicaleducation (CME) is still an area of growth. As more CME programs turn to simulation to address their training needs, it is important to highlight concepts of simulation technology that can help to optimize learning outcomes. This article discusses the role of fidelity in medical simulation. It provides support from a cross section of simulation training domains for determining the appropriate levels of fidelity, and it offers guidelines for creating an optimal balance of skill practice and realism for efficient training outcomes. After defining fidelity, 3 dimensions of fidelity, drawn from the human factors literature, are discussed in terms of their relevance to medical simulation. From this, research-based guidelines are provided to inform CME providers regarding the use of simulation in CME training.
Curtis, Michael T.; DiazGranados, Deborah; Feldman, Moshe
Military graduate medicaleducation has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years as the size of the military medical force declines. To document the outcomes of military graduate medicaleducation in internal medicine, a cohort of Air Force internal medicine residency graduates from Wright-Patterson Medical Center were studied and their residency performance, staff performance, and active duty retention recorded. The study cohort had an outstanding residency performance, as measured by research experience and board certification rate. They also performed well as military staff physicians, receiving numerous individual military medals while holding important administrative and supervisory positions in the military. Finally, the study cohort had a higher than expected active duty retention rate. These findings support the notion that military graduate medicaleducation in internal medicine produces outstanding military internists. PMID:11315470
The Nobel Foundation provides a host of animated and interactive materials to educate individuals about the fascinating world of physics at this website. Through clear articles and helpful images, students can discover the principles of special relativity, quantum mechanics, vacuum tubes, x-rays, and accelerators. The website offers an interactive microscope simulator, a pictorial tutorial of how to prepare specimen, and an interesting photo gallery of fluorescence microscope. Users can play online games to learn about liquid crystals, lasers, and transistors. This website will kindle everyone's interests in physics.
This paper considers the early years of the Yale Plan of MedicalEducation, which has come to be called the Yale System. It chronicles and analyzes the incremental development of the System and considers evaluations of the plan and modifications introduced over time. Also considered are external factors which influenced design and implementation. The paper covers the period of medicaleducation at Yale from the 1920s to the early 1950s.
This paper considers the multiple discourses that influence medicaleducation with a focus on the discourses of competence\\u000a and caring. Discourses of competence are largely constituted through, and related to, biomedical and clinical issues whereas\\u000a discourses of caring generally focus on social concerns. These discourses are not necessarily equal partners in the enterprise\\u000a of medicaleducation. Discourses of competence tend
This article is a plea for education toward a greater understanding of each other's disciplines for both physicians and social workers. It describes the 1971 summer experience of two medical students, whose perceptions changed over the course of the summer, not only towards social workers, but towards their own treatment approach. Sociology is too generalized and abstract for inclusion in medicaleducation. Social work is more clinical, and should therefore be included.
Conclusions Physicaleducation should provide opportunities for students to participate in activities that promote fitness and well-being.\\u000a Implementing best practices into the physicaleducation curriculum can contribute to the understanding and application of\\u000a a healthy lifestyle for students. Technology applied in the physicaleducation curriculum can provide an opportunity for improved\\u000a instruction and enhanced student learning in physicaleducation. The current
|This article describes a physicaleducation program self-assessment tool, "The Physical Activity and Fitness Promotion Checklist," which was developed by a panel of nationally recognized physicaleducation teachers. This checklist, which specifically addresses national physicaleducation standards three and four, includes 20 items organized into
Background: Despite the increasing interest in medicaleducation in the German-speaking countries, there is currently no information available on the challenges which medicaleducators face. To address this problem, we carried out a web-based survey among the members of the Association for MedicalEducation (Gesellschaft für medizinische Ausbildung, GMA). Methods: A comprehensive survey was carried out on the need for further qualifications, expertise and the general conditions of medicaleducators in Germany. As part of this study, the educators were asked to list the three main challenges which they faced and which required urgent improvement. The results were analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. Results: The questionnaire was completed by 147 of the 373 members on the GMA mailing list (response rate: 39%). The educators named a total of 346 challenges and emphasised the following areas: limited academic recognition for engagement in teaching (53.5% of educators), insufficient institutional (31.5%) and financial support (28.4%), a curriculum in need of reform (22.8%), insufficient time for teaching assignments (18,9%), inadequate teacher competence in teaching methods (18.1%), restricted faculty development programmes (18.1%), limited networking within the institution (11.0%), lack of teaching staff (10.2%), varying preconditions of students (8.7%), insufficient recognition and promotion of medicaleducational research (5.5%), extensive assessment requirements (4.7%), and the lack of role models within medicaleducation (3.2%). Conclusion: The medicaleducators found the biggest challenges which they faced to be limited academic recognition and insufficient institutional and financial support. Consequently, improvements should be implemented to address these issues. PMID:24062818
Huwendiek, Sören; Hahn, Eckhart G; Tönshoff, Burkhard; Nikendei, Christoph
Background: Despite the increasing interest in medicaleducation in the German-speaking countries, there is currently no information available on the challenges which medicaleducators face. To address this problem, we carried out a web-based survey among the members of the Association for MedicalEducation (Gesellschaft für medizinische Ausbildung, GMA). Methods: A comprehensive survey was carried out on the need for further qualifications, expertise and the general conditions of medicaleducators in Germany. As part of this study, the educators were asked to list the three main challenges which they faced and which required urgent improvement. The results were analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. Results: The questionnaire was completed by 147 of the 373 members on the GMA mailing list (response rate: 39%). The educators named a total of 346 challenges and emphasised the following areas: limited academic recognition for engagement in teaching (53.5% of educators), insufficient institutional (31.5%) and financial support (28.4%), a curriculum in need of reform (22.8%), insufficient time for teaching assignments (18,9%), inadequate teacher competence in teaching methods (18.1%), restricted faculty development programmes (18.1%), limited networking within the institution (11.0%), lack of teaching staff (10.2%), varying preconditions of students (8.7%), insufficient recognition and promotion of medicaleducational research (5.5%), extensive assessment requirements (4.7%), and the lack of role models within medicaleducation (3.2%). Conclusion: The medicaleducators found the biggest challenges which they faced to be limited academic recognition and insufficient institutional and financial support. Consequently, improvements should be implemented to address these issues.
Huwendiek, Soren; Hahn, Eckhart G.; Tonshoff, Burkhard; Nikendei, Christoph
With a point of departure in a transactional understanding of epistemology, the purpose of this paper is to explore practical epistemologies in physicaleducation (PE) by investigating how knowledge is produced and reproduced in students' and teachers' actions in PE practices posted as clips on the user-generated video-sharing website YouTube. YouTube can be understood as a disordered public video archive
This paper reflects on the extent to which we are preparing learners for practice in an electronic health record (EHR)-mediated world. We are currently training the last generation to remember a world without the Internet and the first who will practice in a largely EHR-mediated practice environment. We undertook a thematic review of the literature connecting medicaleducation with e-health using the concepts of 'electronic health record' or 'electronic medical record' as a proxy for the broader notion of e-health. Our findings are more equivocal and cautious than earlier commentators might have expected and while there are examples of good practice and successful integration, the majority of articles we reviewed raised issues and problems with the current links between EHRs and medicaleducation. Medical professionals in particular are quite ambivalent about many of the changes brought about by EHRs, and in the absence of changes in perception and practice it is likely that the connections between medicaleducation and e-health will continue to be problematic. We hope that this paper will lead to an improved understanding of these problems and will serve to advance the discourse on how medicaleducation should engage with the world of e-health and the world of e-health with medicaleducation. PMID:23464893
|Physicaleducation classes are usually seen as the least politicized of all disciplines in schools. This paper gives examples of how to promote critical thinking in physicaleducation classes, transforming them into a forum of critical reflection about corporeal culture. Even though the main goal of physicaleducation classes is to promote
An overview is given of the progress of physicaleducation teacher education from 1930 through 1959. The teaching of physicaleducation gained the status of a profession during the 1930's, when normal schools were expanded into teachers colleges and four year teacher preparation programs. The curriculum changed from rigid physical training
The purpose of this study was to analyze both male and female physicaleducation teacher attitudes toward cultural pluralism and diversity. Participants (N = 433)were adapted physicaleducation specialists, physicaleducation generalists, and teacher candidates. The research method was a descriptive cross-sectional survey (Fraenkel & Wallen,
|America's approach to physicaleducation and exercise in the schools is reflected in the contributions of two 19th-century physicaleducators named Allen, one of fairly major importance and one of less importance. Perhaps the most significant contributions to the development of school physicaleducation were made by Nathaniel Topliff Allen at the
This text/CD-ROM package prepares future educators to teach physicaleducation using a student-focused, developmentally appropriate approach. There are 26 chapters in 6 parts. Part 1, "The Learner," includes "An Overview of Developmental PhysicalEducation"; "Childhood Growth and Motor Development"; "Movement Skill Acquisition"; "Physical Activity
This paper details the technical and operational aspects of a project investigating the role of digital video in physicaleducation in 12 Irish schools over a period of two academic years. The project design involved a qualitative investigation into the use of digital video in three areas of physicaleducation, namely teaching, learning and assessment. The group of physicaleducation
Reviewed in the third of seven related documents are resources and research on physicaleducation, recreation, and sports for hearing impaired persons. An annotated list of resources is supplied for each of the following topics: integration of the hearing impaired into regular physicaleducation and recreation programs, physicaleducation and
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.
|In this article, we explore the absence of understanding related to culturally responsive pedagogy in physicaleducation for Aboriginal students. In so doing, we examine the limited literature related to culturally responsive physicaleducation and the especially limited literature dedicated to Aboriginal students within physicaleducation.
Robinson, Daniel B.; Borden, Lisa Lunney; Robinson, Ingrid M.
In Computer Based PhysicsEducation, Java and Flash programs are used. However learning how to use them is rather difficult and their preparation takes a long time. Although the usage and preparation of GIF images are easy they are largely neglected in PhysicsEducation. This study suggests that they can be used effectively in PhysicsEducation. In order to prove
|This report on sports and physicaleducation in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is based on visits made to that country, as well as personal interviews. Sports and physicaleducation held a minor place in Russian society prior to 1917, but with the onset of communism, the fundamental credo became that sports and physicaleducation
The role of scholarship in physicaleducation in the liberal arts college is discussed, placing it within the context of Ernest Boyer's (1990) landmark publication, Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities for the Professoriate. Boyer forces physicaleducators to consider the problems and issues that confront the academy and the role of physicaleducation in it. Pondering the specific issue of scholarship in
|This descriptive study examined the interaction between 25 mentally retarded (MR) adult participants in a physicaleducation setting and 51 physicaleducation majors. The study was designed to identify and analyze the causal attributions of physicaleducation majors concerning MR adults' motor performance, to identify and analyze the causal
|About 25 percent of child injuries occur in schools, most of them during physicaleducation activities. Physicaleducation safety guidelines are one strategy to reduce the number of student injuries. However, based on the findings of a recent evaluation of provincial safety guidelines, only two-thirds of physicaleducation teachers use the safety
|The report describes Detroit's Adaptive PhysicalEducation Consortium Project in Michigan. Among the main objectives of the project are to coordinate all physicaleducation and recreation services to the handicapped in the Detroit area; to facilitate the mainstreaming of capable handicapped individuals into existing "regular" physicaleducation
The monograph reports on a 3-year project to develop competencies in physicaleducation teachers for dealing with mainstream exceptional students. Results of a survey of physicaleducators on the types of competencies needed to teach in mainstreamed settings are presented. Adjustments made to the undergraduate physicaleducation program at State
|Physicaleducation has the potential to provide students with the means to achieve healthier lifestyles and obtain meaningful learning and social experiences. Unfortunately, not all students participate in physicaleducation on a daily basis (Lowry, Wechsler, Kann, & Collins, 2001). This is due partially to the fact that many physicaleducation