Sample records for medical science research

  1. HFE Briefing: Prepared by Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust and supported by the Association of Medical Research Charities

    E-print Network

    Rambaut, Andrew

    HFE Briefing: Prepared by Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust and supported by the Association of Medical Research Charities Page 1 Human Fertilisation of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust and supported

  2. Why medical research needs a new specialty of 'pure medical science'.

    PubMed

    Charlton, Bruce G

    2006-01-01

    Sciences tend to go through boom and bust phases. Following decades of rapid expansion, medical science is now due for a collapse in overall funding. Furthermore, there has been a decline in the rate of therapeutic innovation, with fewer significant breakthroughs and little progress in several major areas of medicine such as oncology, psychiatry and autoimmune disorders. Mainstream medical research has gradually evolved into a form similar to industrial research and development (R&D), aiming at steady, reliable, predictable progress by ringing minor variations on existing approaches. Where this risk-averse approach is failing, a more speculative strategy is indicated. A new research specialty of 'pure medical science' would aim to seek radical new theories, technologies and therapies, and subject these to professional evaluation to the point where they can be applied in practice by more mainstream 'applied' medical scientists. A specialty of 'pure medical science' might be launched by financial support from patrons who wish to be associated with an elite new medical research discipline. PMID:16688974

  3. European Science Foundation Standing Committee for the European Medical Research Councils (EMRC)

    E-print Network

    Lucas, Peter

    and environmental sciences, medical sciences, humanities and social sciences. The Foundation assists its MemberEuropean Science Foundation Standing Committee for the European Medical Research Councils (EMRC) ESF/EMRC EXPLORATORY WORKSHOP FUNDAMENTALS OF MEDICAL INFORMATICS Elspeet, Netherlands 27-29 October

  4. Social science research on medical technology: Utility and limitations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. David Banta

    1983-01-01

    Policies could be better devised and better implemented if greater use were made of the social sciences. However, the social sciences have quite often not produced knowledge adequate to permit resolution of pressing social problems. An example of both of these statements is found in the area of policies toward medical technology. Medical technology has become a major public policy

  5. Research in Medical Education: Balancing Service and Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albert, Mathieu; Hodges, Brian; Regehr, Glenn

    2007-01-01

    Since the latter part of the 1990's, the English-speaking medical education community has been engaged in a debate concerning the types of research that should have priority. To shed light on this debate and to better understand its implications for the practice of research, 23 semi-structured interviews were conducted with "influential figures"…

  6. Interconnections of basic science research and product development in medical device design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Beth Privitera; Jeffrey Johnson

    2009-01-01

    The relationship between basic science research and product design\\/development are intertwined. This paper explores the definition of basic science and design as it relates to medical device development. It is intended to serve as a reference for both researchers and device developers to assist in trans-disciplinary collaborative efforts in improving patient care as each are of equal importance. The definition

  7. Briefing on the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill prepared by the Academy of Medical Sciences, the Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust, and supported by the Association of Medical

    E-print Network

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Briefing on the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill prepared by the Academy of Medical Sciences Trust and Association of Medical Research Charities are confident that the Bill in its present form Bill prepared by the Academy of Medical Sciences, the Medical Research Council, Royal Society

  8. Interconnections of basic science research and product development in medical device design.

    PubMed

    Privitera, Mary Beth; Design, M; Johnson, Jeffrey

    2009-01-01

    The relationship between basic science research and product design/development are intertwined. This paper explores the definition of basic science and design as it relates to medical device development. It is intended to serve as a reference for both researchers and device developers to assist in trans-disciplinary collaborative efforts in improving patient care as each are of equal importance. The definition of a medical device is broad and varied. This paper is aimed towards those devices which interact with tissue and are rooted in the tenets of science. Both the scientific method and the design process are compared with similarities and opposites identified. The paper concludes identifying fundamental principles of medical device development and highlights the importance of both entities. PMID:19964135

  9. Engagement, Wonder, and Learning by Jerks in Science: Perspectives of Pre-Service Elementary Education Students, Medical Students, and Research Science Doctoral Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelaez, Nancy; And Others

    How do good science students perceive the process of learning science? What occurs in the learning process that motivates students to accept the challenge of pursuing a career in science? This paper reports on panel discussions held by teams of medical students, research science doctoral students, science education students, and high school…

  10. Women in Science series honors two researchers at annual luncheon Oct. 30, 2012 College News -Two Medical College of

    E-print Network

    Women in Science series honors two researchers at annual luncheon Oct. 30, 2012 College News - Two in the sixth annual Women in Science series, and was presented by Quarles & Brady and Dr. Lucille Rosenberg Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) female faculty researchers were honored at MCW's annual Women

  11. A 5-year scientometric analysis of research centers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences

    PubMed Central

    Yazdani, Kamran; Rahimi-Movaghar, Afarin; Nedjat, Saharnaz; Ghalichi, Leila; Khalili, Malahat

    2015-01-01

    Background: Since Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) has the oldest and highest number of research centers among all Iranian medical universities, this study was conducted to evaluate scientific output of research centers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) using scientometric indices and the affecting factors. Moreover, a number of scientometric indicators were introduced. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate a 5-year scientific performance of research centers of TUMS. Data were collected through questionnaires, annual evaluation reports of the Ministry of Health, and also from Scopus database. We used appropriate measures of central tendency and variation for descriptive analyses. Moreover, uni-and multi-variable linear regression were used to evaluate the effect of independent factors on the scientific output of the centers. Results: The medians of the numbers of papers and books during a 5-year period were 150.5 and 2.5 respectively. The median of the "articles per researcher" was 19.1. Based on multiple linear regression, younger age centers (p=0.001), having a separate budget line (p=0.016), and number of research personnel (p<0.001) had a direct significant correlation with the number of articles while real properties had a reverse significant correlation with it (p=0.004). Conclusion: The results can help policy makers and research managers to allocate sufficient resources to improve current situation of the centers. Newly adopted and effective scientometric indices are is suggested to be used to evaluate scientific outputs and functions of these centers. PMID:26157724

  12. Clinical and translational research capacity building needs in minority medical and health science Hispanic institutions.

    PubMed

    Estapé-Garrastazu, Estela S; Noboa-Ramos, Carlamarie; De Jesús-Ojeda, Lizbelle; De Pedro-Serbiá, Zulmarie; Acosta-Pérez, Edna; Camacho-Feliciano, Delia M

    2014-10-01

    A preliminary needs assessment was conducted among faculty and students of three minority medical and health science institutions comprising the Puerto Rico Clinical and Translational Research Consortium (PRCTRC). The Web-based survey was focused on evaluating the training interests in the clinical and translational research core areas and competencies developed by the National Institutes of Health-Clinical and Translational Sciences Award. The survey was the result of a team effort of three PRCTRC key function's leaderships: Multidisciplinary Training and Career Development, Tracking and Evaluation and Community Research and Engagement. The questionnaire included 45 items distributed across five content areas including demographics, research training needs, training activities coordination and knowledge about the services offered by the PRCTRC. Analysis of research needs includes a sample distribution according to professor, assistant/associate professor and graduate students. The thematic area with highest response rate among the three groups was: "Identify major clinical/public health problems and relevant translational research questions," with the competency "Identify basic and preclinical studies that are potential testable clinical research hypothesis." These preliminary results will guide the training and professional development of the new generation of clinical and translational researchers needed to eliminate health disparities. PMID:24841800

  13. Advancing science diplomacy: Indonesia and the US Naval Medical Research Unit.

    PubMed

    Smith, Frank L

    2014-12-01

    Science diplomacy supposedly builds international cooperation through scientific and technical exchange. In practice, however, there are important but often overlooked instances where it might create conflict instead--as with accusations of espionage surrounding the US Naval Medical Research Unit 2 (NAMRU-2) in Indonesia. Did American science diplomacy backfire in Indonesia and, if so, why? Most literature fails to anticipate this possibility, let alone explain it, since science diplomacy is rarely subject to critical analysis. Rather than shun politics or, similarly, simply blame the demise of NAMRU-2 on the military or avian influenza, I consider both the successes and failures of this research unit in the context of Indonesia's transition to democracy and America's legacy from the Cold War. Based on this history, I propose that the effects of science diplomacy depend on strategic communication and exchange, as well as elite influence and material incentives. Therefore, by challenging the conventional wisdom about science diplomacy, NAMRU-2 can help advance the theory and practice of this potentially useful tool of statecraft. PMID:25608440

  14. Virtual microscopy in medical research: Open European Nephrology Science Center (OpEN.SC)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schrader, Thomas; Beil, Michael; Schmidt, Danilo; Dietel, Manfred; Lindemann, Gabriela

    2007-03-01

    The amount and heterogeneity of data in biomedical research, notably in transnational research, requires new methods for the collection, presentation and analysis of information. Important data from laboratory experiments as well as patient trials are available as images. Thus, the integration and processing of image data represent a crucial component of information systems in biomedical research. The Charité Medical School in Berlin has established a new information service center for kidney diseases and transplantation (Open European Nephrology Science Centre - OpEN.SC) together with the German Research Agency (DFG). The aims of this project are (i) to improve the availability of raw data, (ii) to establish an infrastructure for clinical trials, (iii) to monitor the occurrence of rare disease patterns and (iv) to establish a quality assurance system. Major diagnostic procedures in medicine are based on the processing and analysis of image data. In diagnostic pathology, the availability of automated slide scanners provide the opportunity to digitize entire microscopic slides. The processing, presentation and analysis of these image data are called virtual microscopy. The integration of this new technology into the OpEN.SC system and the link to other heterogeneous data of individual patients represent a major technological challenge. Thus, new ways in communication between clinical and scientific partners have to be established and will be promoted by the project. The technological basis of the repository are web services for a scalable and adaptable system. HL7 and DICOM are considered the main medical standards of communication.

  15. Predicting People's Intention to Donate Their Body to Medical Science and Research.

    PubMed

    Delaney, Maree F; White, Katherine M

    2015-01-01

    Predictors of people's intention to register with a body bequest program for donating their deceased body to medical science and research were examined using standard theory of planned behavior (TPB) predictors (attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control) and adding moral norm, altruism, and knowledge. Australian students (N = 221) at a university with a recently established body bequest program completed measures of the TPB's underlying beliefs (behavioral, normative, and control beliefs) and standard and extended TPB predictors, with a sub-sample reporting their registration-related behavior 2 months later. The standard TPB accounted for 43.6%, and the extended predictors an additional 15.1% of variance in intention. The significant predictors were attitude, subjective norm, and moral norm, partially supporting an extended TPB in understanding people's body donation intentions. Further, important underlying beliefs can inform strategies to target prospective donors. PMID:25559925

  16. Understanding Medical Research

    MedlinePLUS

    ... you hear about the results of a new medical research study. Sometimes the results of one study ... when reading or listening to reports of new medical findings. Some questions that can help you evaluate ...

  17. Trends in health sciences library and information science research: an analysis of research publications in the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association and Journal of the Medical Library Association from 1991 to 2007*

    PubMed Central

    Gore, Sally A.; Nordberg, Judith M.; Palmer, Lisa A.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: This study analyzed trends in research activity as represented in the published research in the leading peer-reviewed professional journal for health sciences librarianship. Methodology: Research articles were identified from the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association and Journal of the Medical Library Association (1991–2007). Using content analysis and bibliometric techniques, data were collected for each article on the (1) subject, (2) research method, (3) analytical technique used, (4) number of authors, (5) number of citations, (6) first author affiliation, and (7) funding source. The results were compared to a previous study, covering the period 1966 to 1990, to identify changes over time. Results: Of the 930 articles examined, 474 (51%) were identified as research articles. Survey (n?=?174, 37.1%) was the most common methodology employed, quantitative descriptive statistics (n?=?298, 63.5%) the most used analytical technique, and applied topics (n?=?332, 70%) the most common type of subject studied. The majority of first authors were associated with an academic health sciences library (n?=?264, 55.7%). Only 27.4% (n?=?130) of studies identified a funding source. Conclusion: This study's findings demonstrate that progress is being made in health sciences librarianship research. There is, however, room for improvement in terms of research methodologies used, proportion of applied versus theoretical research, and elimination of barriers to conducting research for practicing librarians. PMID:19626146

  18. MEDICAL SCIENCE SYLLABUS 2012

    E-print Network

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    of Cancer Chemotherapy 17 Internship 18 CONTENTS #12;Major Subjects Physiology and Cell Biology Cell Biology Pharmacokinetics 38 Integrated Drug Discovery Sciences 39 Pathology Pathology 40 Diagnostic Pathology 41 Molecular & Community Medicine 51 Medical Statistics 52 Food and Drug Evaluation Science 53 Epidemiology 54 Internal

  19. Space Station medical sciences concepts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mason, J. A.; Johnson, P. C., Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Current life sciences concepts relating to Space Station are presented including the following: research, extravehicular activity, biobehavioral considerations, medical care, maintenance of dental health, maintaining health through physical conditioning and countermeasures, protection from radiation, atmospheric contamination control, atmospheric composition, noise pollution, food supply and service, clothing and furnishings, and educational program possibilities. Information on the current status of Soviet Space Stations is contained.

  20. MEDICAL SCIENCE SYLLABUS 2014

    E-print Network

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Series of Medical Oncology 11 Special Series of Radiation Oncology 12 Special Series of Palliative Neurology 63 Medical Oncology/Hematology 64 Hematology 65 Internal Related Radiology 66 Radiation Oncology;Pediatrics 71 General Pediatrics 72 Dermatology 73 Phychiatry 74 Laboratory Medicine 75 Metabolomics Research

  1. Certificate Medical Imaging Sciences

    E-print Network

    Cheng, Mei-Fang

    for financial aid information is at the Student Financial Aid Office. visit: rbhs of a Radiologist Assistant The credits earned in the Radiologic Imaging Modalities certificate program can in Medical Imaging Science Radiologic Imaging Modalities (BS MIS RIM) program. Upon successful completion

  2. University of Puerto Rico Medical Science Campus

    E-print Network

    Quirk, Gregory J.

    medications or medical devices should include evidence of training in GCP).* d. Curriculum Vitae or Resume 2University of Puerto Rico Medical Science Campus Human Research Subjects Protection Office Main request: 1. Include in a single PDF file the following documents: a. Human Subjects Protection Training

  3. BioMedical Sciences BioMedical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    on to medical, dental, veterinary, pharmacy school, biomedical research or employment with pharmaceutical Blood Banks Research testing laboratories Pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies Health departments

  4. Medical Computing Science at the University of Aberdeen

    E-print Network

    Lucas, Peter

    Medical Computing Science at the University of Aberdeen Department of Computing Science, and The Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences University of Aberdeen 26/10/00 Summary Computers are currently obtaining an increasingly important role in medical research, as well as in primary and secondary care

  5. 75 FR 69090 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-10

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel Research...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  6. 76 FR 13196 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-10

    ...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting Pursuant...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel, Research...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of...

  7. MEDICAL SCIENCES DIVISION SENIOR CLERICAL OFFICER (OXFORD MEDICAL ALUMNI)

    E-print Network

    Oxford, University of

    1 MEDICAL SCIENCES DIVISION SENIOR CLERICAL OFFICER (OXFORD MEDICAL ALUMNI) Grade 4 , Salary. Oxford Medical Alumni exists to advance the cause of medical education by promoting the interests to establish a mutually beneficial relationship between the Medical Sciences and its alumni and to promote

  8. Medical Research: Considering a Career in Medical Research

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Medicine® Resources For Members Pre-Medical Students Medical Students Residents Advisors Admissions Officers Connect with Us Like AAMCtoday @AAMCtoday (Twitter) Research Means Hope on Tumblr More social media >> 655 K Street, NW, Suite 100, Washington, DC, ...

  9. Department of Medical Genome Sciences

    E-print Network

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    entrance examination questions available online. Mailing Address: Faculty of Engineering Printing CenterDepartment of Medical Genome Sciences Department of Environment Systems Department of Human ¥200 2014 ¥200 ¥200 *1 *2 *3 (1) (2) * Examination subjects and methods differ depending

  10. Ethics in Medical Research and Publication

    PubMed Central

    Masic, Izet; Hodzic, Ajla; Mulic, Smaila

    2014-01-01

    To present the basic principles and standards of Ethics in medical research and publishing, as well as the need for continuing education in the principles and ethics in science and publication in biomedicine. An analysis of relevant materials and documents, sources from the published literature. Investing in education of researches and potential researches, already in the level of medical schools. Educating them on research ethics, what constitutes research misconduct and the seriousness of it repercussion is essential for finding a solution to this problem and ensuring careers are constructed on honesty and integrity. PMID:25317288

  11. Medical Image Science: Applications Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering 574

    E-print Network

    Walker, Thad G.

    Medical Image Science: Applications Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering 574 1022 WIMR, 9-0090 Email: sfain@wisc.edu This course presents the application of medical imaging theory to problems in medical imaging science including: concepts of digital image processing, image reconstruction

  12. [Documentary basis for research on the transfer of Islamic medical science to the European West].

    PubMed

    Kujundzi?, E

    1997-01-01

    The last decades of the twentieth century are witness of increased interest in the study of scientific heritage in the Islamic world. The already established opinion of Islamic science as only intermediary between classical Greece and Latin West is seriously challenged. The reason for this are original sources from which the historians of our century have extracted solid evidence of high level of originality achieved by Muslim scientists in the past. Through their work in Bagdad, Buhara, Samarkand, Reyy, Kairo, Maraga, Damascus, Kordova they have shown that Islamic sciences including medicine had theoretical and practical answers to the problems characteristic of their times. Throughout its History Bosnia and Herzegovina itself has been exposed to various cultural influences from the West as well as from the Islamic East. When we try to study the history of medicine and health profession generally, we have to take into account the early Arabic sources of which short survey is given in this paper. With this in mind, one can make one preliminary conclusion at least; Islamic medicine has reached respectable level of practical and theoretical achievements while the volume of books and number of people engaged in its practice produced series of biographies and bibliographies as clear proof of its growth and level it has attained. PMID:9324577

  13. NIH Medical Research Scholars Program

    E-print Network

    Bushman, Frederic

    enrichment program for medical, dental, and veterinary students · NIH Intramural Research Program in Bethesda consists of 45 students (40 medical, 4 dental, 1 veterinary) from 34 different schools · Scholars engage: Eligibility Criteria -1 #12;3 · U.S. citizens or permanent residents · Good standing in medical, dental

  14. A Course in Medical Research Study Design and Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linskey, Mark E.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    A course to familiarize medical students with the principles of good medical research study design and analysis focuses on three types of studies: clinical trials, laboratory science, and epidemiology and biostatistics. (MSE)

  15. MEDICAL SCIENCE SYLLABUS 2013

    E-print Network

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Series of Palliative Medicine 14 Special Series of Cancer Chemotherapy 15 Internship 16 Lab Rotation 17 38 Integrated Drug Discovery Sciences 39 Pathology Pathology 40 Diagnostic Pathology 41 Molecular and Drug Evaluation Science 51 Epidemiology 52 Internal Medicine General Medicine 53 Cardiovascular

  16. Medical Sciences Division report for 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-31

    This year`s Medical Sciences Division (MSD) Report is organized to show how programs in our division contribute to the core competencies of Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE). ORISE`s core competencies in education and training, environmental and safety evaluation and analysis, occupational and environmental health, and enabling research support the overall mission of the US Department of Energy (DOE).

  17. “HTLV-I Infection” Twenty-Year Research in Neurology Department of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

    PubMed Central

    Shoeibi, Ali; Etemadi, Mohammdmahdi; Moghaddam Ahmadi, Amir; Amini, Mona; Boostani, Reza

    2013-01-01

    Human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) types 1 and 2 belong to the Oncorna group of retroviridae, a large family of viruses, grouped initially by pathogenic features, but later revised on the basis of genome structure and nucleotide sequence. HTLV-I was the first discovered human retrovirus to be associated with a malignancy in 1980. The malignancy, first described by Uchiyama and co-workers in southwestern Japan, was named Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma (ATL) and characterized with cutaneous and respiratory involvement, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy and various metabolic abnormalities such as hypercalcemia. The HTLV-I has been known to be endemic to certain parts of Iran like the province of Khorasan in the northeast since 1990, with a 2.3% prevalence rate of infection. The main manifestations of HTLV-I infection are neurologic and hematologic (such as ATL) disorders, but it has also other manifestations such as uveitis, arthritis, dermatitis, vitiligo and lymphocytic alveolitis. Its main neurologic manifestation is a chronic progressive myelopathy that is referred to HTLV-I Associated Myelopathy (HAM) in Japan and Tropical Spastic Paraparesis (TSP) in Caribbean. But other disorders such as peripheral neuropathy, polyradiculoneuropathy, myopathy, peripheral facial paresis, and so on have been reported too. In this review we wish to give some brief information on the different aspects (including epidemiology, pathogenesis and pathology, clinical findings, and treatment) of HTLV-I infection according to our twenty-year researches. The department of neurology of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences has been a pioneer in researches on HTLV-I in the last twenty years. PMID:24470862

  18. DIVISION OF GRADUATE MEDICAL SCIENCES BOSTON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE

    E-print Network

    Finzi, Adrien

    COUNSELING GMS GC 702S-A1 GENETIC COUNSELING CLINICAL ROTATION II 2 TBA TBA FLYNN M-908/638-5908 HEALTHCARE THOMAS X-155/414-2332 MEDICAL NUTRITION SCIENCES GMS NU 804S-A1 DIRECTED STUDIES IN MEDICAL NUTRITION SCIENCES VAR VAR VAR TBA GMS NU 901S-A1 MEDICAL NUTRITION SCIENCES RESEARCH VAR VAR VAR TBA #12;5 MENTAL

  19. UCL DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICAL SCIENCE Mission Statement for Research

    E-print Network

    Guillas, Serge

    UCL DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICAL SCIENCE Mission Statement for Research The research mission essential for advances in the physical, social, environmental and medical sciences. In pursuit science, social science, medicine and en- gineering. · Employ high calibre staff with diverse research

  20. Pharmacology SchoolofMedicalSciences

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    postgraduate courses e.g. M.Sc. courses in Clinical Pharmacology, Toxicology, Medicinal Chemistry, ForensicBSc (Hons) Pharmacology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12; Introduction - Year 4 Introduction Pharmacology is concerned primarily with the characterisation of the properties

  1. Pharmacology SchoolofMedicalSciences

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    postgraduate courses e.g. M.Sc. courses in Clinical Pharmacology, Immunology, Toxicology, Medicinal ChemistryBSc (Hons) Immunology and Pharmacology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12 and chronic inflammatory diseases. Immunology with pharmacology is therefore concerned primarily

  2. Biotechnology SchoolofMedicalSciences

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    BSc (Hons) Biotechnology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12;BSc (Hons) Biotechnology · Introduction · Degree Aims and Outcomes · General Enquiries · General Requirements · Industrial Requirements Year 1 - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Biotechnology is the use of organisms to perform

  3. Mandibular Fractures at Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Garhwal Region, Uttarakhand, India: A Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Mittal, G; Mittal, SR

    2013-01-01

    Background: Mandibular fractures constitute a substantial proportion of cases of maxillofacial trauma. Demographic data related to mandibular fractures are difficult to evaluate because of many variables associated with the studies. The information is as diverse as the countries and the people who inhabit them. Aim: This is a retrospective study designed to determine the site distribution, associated fracture and causes of mandibular fractures in patients presenting to the trauma centre of Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Uttarakhand, India. Materials and Methods: Records of 121 patients with confirmed mandibular fractures presenting over a three year period (i.e., 1st January 2008 to 31st December 2010). Data obtained from record included age, sex, site of fracture and causes. Results: There were 48/121 (39.6%) males and 73/121 (60.3%) females. The most predominant age group of fracture was found to be 21-30 (53/121-43.8%) followed by 11-20 (25/121-20.6%). In this study history of fall was the most common cause of mandibular fracture (66/121-54.5%), followed by road traffic accidents (45/121-37.1%), fights and assault (08/121-6.6%) and industrial accidents (02/121-1.6%). In our study most of the patients suffered from fracture in the parasymphysis (35/139-25.1%) and angle region (32/139-23.0%) followed by body (30/139-21.5%), condyle (21/139-15.1%), symphysis (19/139-13.7%), and ramus (02/121-1.4%) area. Conclusion: In this study mandibular fractures were more prevalent in females especially during the second and third decade of life. History of fall was the most predominant cause of mandibular fracture. The most frequently affected sites were parasymphysis and angle. PMID:23919182

  4. Medical Products Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    Ventrex Laboratories, Inc. develops, manufactures and markets a line of medical diagnostic assays based on biochemical techniques, in particular immunochemical techniques. Their products are sold worldwide to hospitals and medical laboratories for use in testing blood samples and other biological fluids. Analysis of a patient's body fluids, compared with normal values, aids a physician in confirming or otherwise diagnosing a suspected disease condition. NERAC's rapid information retrieval has provided Ventrex invaluable up-to-date information, and has permitted large scale savings. NERAC's service was particularly important in the development of a new product in the company's Ventre/Sep line, which is used in radioimmunoassays.

  5. Department of Medical Imaging SciencesSHRP

    E-print Network

    Cheng, Mei-Fang

    equipped with the most advanced ultrasound equipment. diagnostiC mediCal sonography admission requirementsDepartment of Medical Imaging SciencesSHRP Diagnostic Medical Sonography about it's all Choi Cynthia Silkowski, MA, RDMS, RVT Chairperson, Department of Medical Imaging Sciences Phone: 908

  6. MEDICAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCE Deselection of applicants

    E-print Network

    Dixon, Peter

    MEDICAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCE Deselection of applicants (for medics and vets) Competition arrangements. Criminal Record Check (for medics and vets) All offers of a place on this course will be subject. Those of you being offered a place (conditional or unconditional) for Medical or Veterinary Sciences

  7. Medical Research for All Americans

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Home Current Issue Past Issues Medical Research for All Americans Past Issues / Summer 2009 Table of Contents ... improvements to the health and well being of all Americans. Starting on page 10, our special section ...

  8. Research Plan for the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    Research Plan for the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research BETHESDA, MD MARCH.............................................................................................................................................................................5 National Advisory Board on Medical Rehabilitation Research...............................................................................................................................................18 Conceptual Model of the Rehabilitation Process.......................................................................................

  9. Medical research. Fools' gold.

    PubMed

    Hacking, John

    2004-04-01

    London, Oxford and Cambridge receive an unequal share of research and development funds. Eight other cities are working with the government to raise their own status generally. New regional centres of excellence would reduce the disparities. PMID:15077526

  10. The Hyper-Commons: how open science prizes can expand and level the medical research playing field.

    PubMed

    Hynek, Paul

    2008-12-01

    The largest industry in America is increasingly incapable of serving its customers. Over-fencing of the information commons has led to unaffordable medicine, for want of which millions of Americans and people around the world go without lifesaving treatments. Eliminating patent distribution exclusivity altogether, however, is not feasible, given the entrenched nature of the health-care industry. This paper proposes a program of voluntary Open Science Prizes that would draw large numbers of new players, who would in turn produce much new medical innovation, provide academic priority recognition, and develop a growing body of patent-beating prior art that would serve as public domain firewalls on a new supranational Hyper-Commons. PMID:19119862

  11. IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Mekalanos, John

    IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES DISSERTATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE REPORT STUDENT Student: Program: Immunology Dissertation Advisor: Year G.S.A.S.: ADVISORY COMMITTEE: SIGNATURES: 1. Chair: PLEASE RETURN TO PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR: Immunology Program Administrator Modell Center Harvard Medical

  12. Student Medical Certificate 1 Faculty of SCIENCE

    E-print Network

    Yee, Wai Ling

    Student Medical Certificate 1 Faculty of SCIENCE A. TO BE COMPLETED BY THE STUDENT: I academic consideration for medical reasons. My personal information is being collected under the authority care services to the above-named student on _________________________________________. (insert date

  13. Student Medical Certificate 1 Faculty of Science

    E-print Network

    Student Medical Certificate 1 Faculty of Science A. TO BE COMPLETED BY THE STUDENT: I academic consideration for medical reasons. My personal information is being collected under the authority care services to the above-named student on _________________________________________. (insert date

  14. Medical research and informational privacy.

    PubMed

    Ploem, M C

    1998-01-01

    This paper focuses on the processing of medical data for scientific research and the protection of privacy. Attention will be given to the collection, storage and use of medical data for research. First, the international framework, as provided by the Council of Europe's Convention for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data--and Recommendation No. R (83) 10 on the protection of personal data used for scientific research and statistics, and Draft Recommendation on the protection of medical data, based on this Convention--and the European Directive on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, will be described in broad outlines. Within this international context, the relevant Dutch laws, that is to say the Law on Registration of Personal Data and the Medical Contract Act, will be discussed. The paper concludes with some remarks on the (Dutch) Code of Conduct on Health Care Research. PMID:9757742

  15. Secure Medical Research Workspace February 10, 2011

    E-print Network

    ) by the Medical Information Management (MIM) organization, after obtaining proper authorization. While this modelSecure Medical Research Workspace TR-11-01 February 10, 2011 Phillips Owen powen Institute Secure Medical Research Workspace Abstract SMRW, the Secure Medical Research Workspace

  16. The ethics and science of medicating children.

    PubMed

    Sparks, Jacqueline A; Duncan, Barry L

    2004-01-01

    Prescriptions for psychiatric drugs to children and adolescents have skyrocketed in the past 10 years. This article presents evidence that the superior effectiveness of stimulants and antidepressants is largely a presumption based on an empirical house of cards, driven by an industry that has no conscience about the implications of its ever growing, and disturbingly younger, list of consumers. Recognizing that most mental health professionals do not have the time, and sometimes feel ill-equipped to explore the controversy regarding pharmacological treatment of children, this article discusses the four fatal flaws of drug studies to enable critical examination of research addressing the drugging of children. The four flaws are illustrated by the Emslie studies of Prozac and children, which offer not only a strident example of marketing masquerading as science, but also, given the recent FDA approval of Prozac for children, a brutal reminder of the danger inherent in not knowing how to distinguish science from science fiction. The authors argue that an ethical path requires the challenge of the automatic medical response to medicate children, with an accompanying demand for untainted science and balanced information to inform critical decisions by child caretakers. PMID:15706694

  17. Global Security, Medical Isotopes, and Nuclear Science

    SciTech Connect

    Ahle, Larry [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, L-414, PO Box 808 Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)

    2007-10-26

    Over the past century basic nuclear science research has led to the use of radioactive isotopes into a wide variety of applications that touch our lives everyday. Some are obvious, such as isotopes for medical diagnostics and treatment. Others are less so, such as National/Global security issues. And some we take for granted, like the small amount of 241 Am that is in every smoke detector. At the beginning of this century, we are in a position where the prevalence and importance of some applications of nuclear science are pushing the basic nuclear science community for improved models and nuclear data. Yet, at the same time, the push by the basic nuclear science community to study nuclei that are farther and farther away from stability also offer new opportunities for many applications. This talk will look at several global security applications of nuclear science, summarizing current R and D and need for improved nuclear data It will also look at how applications of nuclear science, such as to medicine, will benefit from the push for more and more powerful radioactive ion beam facilities.

  18. Global Security, Medical Isotopes, and Nuclear Science

    SciTech Connect

    Ahle, L E

    2007-09-17

    Over the past century basic nuclear science research has led to the use of radioactive isotopes into a wide variety of applications that touch our lives everyday. Some are obvious, such as isotopes for medical diagnostics and treatment. Others are less so, such as National/Global security issues. And some we take for granted, like the small amount of 241Am that is in every smoke detector. At the beginning of this century, we are in a position where the prevalence and importance of some applications of nuclear science are pushing the basic nuclear science community for improved models and nuclear data. Yet, at the same time, the push by the basic nuclear science community to study nuclei that are farther and farther away from stability also offer new opportunities for many applications. This talk will look at several global security applications of nuclear science, summarizing current R&D and need for improved nuclear data It will also look at how applications of nuclear science, such as to medicine, will benefit from the push for more and more powerful radioactive ion beam facilities.

  19. Global informetric perspective studies on translational medical research

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Translational medical research literature has increased rapidly in the last few decades and played a more and more important role during the development of medicine science. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the global performance of translational medical research during the past few decades. Methods Bibliometric, social network analysis, and visualization technologies were used for analyzing translational medical research performance from the aspects of subject categories, journals, countries, institutes, keywords, and MeSH terms. Meanwhile, the co-author, co-words and cluster analysis methods were also used to trace popular topics in translational medical research related work. Results Research output suggested a solid development in translational medical research, in terms of increasing scientific production and research collaboration. We identified the core journals, mainstream subject categories, leading countries, and institutions in translational medical research. There was an uneven distribution of publications at authorial, institutional, and national levels. The most commonly used keywords that appeared in the articles were “translational research”, “translational medicine”, “biomarkers”, “stroke”, “inflammation”, “cancer”, and “breast cancer”. Conclusions The subject categories of “Research & Experimental Medicine”, “Medical Laboratory Technology”, and “General & Internal Medicine” play a key role in translational medical research both in production and in its networks. Translational medical research and CTS, etc. are core journals of translational research. G7 countries are the leading nations for translational medical research. Some developing countries, such as P.R China, also play an important role in the communication of translational research. The USA and its institutions play a dominant role in the production, collaboration, citations and high quality articles. The research trends in translational medical research involve drug design and development, pathogenesis and treatment of disease, disease model research, evidence-based research, and stem and progenitor cells. PMID:23885955

  20. Medical Informatics and the Science of Cognition

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Vimla L.; Kaufman, David R.

    1998-01-01

    Recent developments in medical informatics research have afforded possibilities for great advances in health care delivery. These exciting opportunities also present formidable challenges to the implementation and integration of technologies in the workplace. As in most domains, there is a gulf between technologic artifacts and end users. Since medical practice is a human endeavor, there is a need for bridging disciplines to enable clinicians to benefit from rapid technologic advances. This in turn necessitates a broadening of disciplinary boundaries to consider cognitive and social factors pertaining to the design and use of technology. The authors argue for a place of prominence for cognitive science. Cognitive science provides a framework for the analysis and modeling of complex human performance and has considerable applicability to a range of issues in informatics. Its methods have been employed to illuminate different facets of design and implementation. This approach has also yielded insights into the mechanisms and processes involved in collaborative design. Cognitive scientific methods and theories are illustrated in the context of two examples that examine human-computer interaction in medical contexts and computer-mediated collaborative processes. The framework outlined in this paper can be used to refine the process of iterative design, end-user training, and productive practice. PMID:9824797

  1. National Institute of General Medical Sciences: Science Education

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The National Institute of General Medical Sciences' (NIGMS) Science Education website brings together award-winning booklets on topics like cell biology and genetics, their in-house magazine, interactive games, and a scientific image gallery for those who hold science close to their heart. First-time visitors will notice that there are two primary areas here: "Publications" and "School Resources". The "Publications" area includes "Findings" (their in-house magazine) and the very helpful "Biomedical Beat" news digest. This digest is published monthly, and it contains research news and educational updates from the NIGMS. The "School Resources" area includes interactive games that deal with Nobel Prize winners and proteins, along with suggestions on how to most effectively use the resources here with different grade levels.

  2. A Tool for Medical Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    California Measurements, Inc.'s PC-2 Aerosol Particle Analyzer, developed by William Chiang, a former Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) engineer, was used in a study to measure the size of particles in the medical environment. Chiang has a NASA license for the JPL crystal oscillator technology and originally built the instrument for atmospheric research. In the operating room, it enabled researchers from the University of California to obtain multiple sets of data repeatedly and accurately. The study concluded that significant amounts of aerosols are generated during surgery when power tools are employed, and most of these are in the respirable size. Almost all contain blood and are small enough to pass through surgical masks. Research on the presence of blood aerosols during oral surgery had similar results. Further studies are planned to determine the possibility of HIV transmission during surgery, and the PC-2H will be used to quantify blood aerosols.

  3. National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR)

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR) NICHD Report to the NACHHD Council ....................................................... 6 APPLIED RESEARCH--REHABILITATION TECHNOLOGY................................................................................... 10 BEHAVIORAL AND BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL ISSUES IN REHABILITATION

  4. Application of CIPP model for evaluating the medical records education course at master of science level at Iranian medical sciences universities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nooshin Mohebbi; Faezeh Akhlaghi; Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian; Masumeh Khoshgam

    2011-01-01

    The data attempting to determine the acceptability level of context, inputs, processes, and outputs of the Medical Records Education Course at Master of Science Level at four Iranian Medical Sciences Universities have been gathered through the questionnaires that were developed by the researcher based on the CIPP evaluation model. As a result of the research it is found that all

  5. Summaries of research projects for fiscal years 1996 and 1997, medical applications and biophysical research

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    The Medical Applications and Biophysical Research Division of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research supports and manages research in several distinct areas of science and technology. The projects described in this book are grouped by the main budgetary areas: General Life Sciences (structural molecular biology), Medical Applications (primarily nuclear medicine) and Measurement Science (analytical chemistry instrumentation), Environmental Management Science Program, and the Small Business Innovation Research Program. The research funded by this division complements that of the other two divisions in the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER): Health Effects and Life Sciences Research, and Environmental Sciences. Most of the OBER programs are planned and administered jointly by the staff of two or all three of the divisions. This summary book provides information on research supported in these program areas during Fiscal Years 1996 and 1997.

  6. Medical Sciences Division Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education report for 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-12-31

    Research programs from the medical science division of the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) are briefly described in the following areas: Biochemistry, cytogenetics, microbiology, center for epidemiologic research, radiation medicine, radiation internal dose information center, center for human reliability studies, facility safety, occupational medicine, and radiation emergency assistance center/training site.

  7. JAMA Patient Page: Basic Science Research

    MedlinePLUS

    ... are immediately relevant for medical care, but the knowledge gained often is essential for progress in the various steps involved in new discoveries. In medicine, basic science research aims to better ...

  8. PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT Master of Medical Science

    E-print Network

    Dennett, Daniel

    PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT PROGRAM Master of Medical Science #12;PRINCIPAL FACULTY ·Richard E. Murphy, PA on Certification of Physician Assistants. Within the physician-PA relationship, PAs exercise autonomy in medical physician assistants so that they are prepared to become integral members of the health care team. We

  9. IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Mekalanos, John

    IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES ROTATION REGISTRATION FORM TO BE SUBMITTED PRIOR OR PRINT LEGIBLY. STUDENT: DMS PROGRAM AFFILIATION: Immunology Program CURRENT PHONE: CURRENT EMAIL ON IMMUNOLOGY, MODELL CENTER, HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL Grades and credit for rotations will not be assigned unless

  10. VIROLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Knipe, David M.

    VIROLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES DISSERTATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE REPORT STUDENT SHOULD: Virology Dissertation Advisor: Year G.S.A.S.: ADVISORY COMMITTEE: SIGNATURES: 1. Chair: 2. 3. 4. Today TO PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR: Virology Program Administrator TMEC-346 Harvard Medical School 617-432-1977 YES

  11. Emotional Intelligence in Medical Laboratory Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Travis

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in medical laboratory science, as perceived by laboratory administrators. To collect and evaluate these perceptions, a survey was developed and distributed to over 1,400 medical laboratory administrators throughout the U.S. during January and February of 2013. In…

  12. The Computational Sciences. Research

    E-print Network

    Christensen, Dan

    The Computational Sciences. Research activities range from the theoretical foundations, financial mathematics, and computational materials physics. Research and teaching in the computational organizations. Although most of this research is performed in four departments: Applied Mathematics, Computer

  13. TITLE: RESEARCH AND HIPAA CLINICAL AND MEDICAL RECORDS Columbia University Medical Center will administer and conduct medical records research

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    TITLE: RESEARCH AND HIPAA CLINICAL AND MEDICAL RECORDS POLICY: Columbia University Medical Center will administer and conduct medical records research activities in accordance with city, state, and federal laws submitted to the IRB. 4. Medical record research activities Submit a Form D (Investigator's Certification

  14. Faculty of Science Medical Physics

    E-print Network

    Physics opens the way to exciting new possibilities for career opportunities in the applications, Enriching Programs The honours Medical Physics stream fits naturally into our internationally renowned in such diverse fields as Biophysics and Medical Physics; Acoustic Microscopy and Materials Characterization

  15. Medical Sciences PROPOSAL TO THE WSU FACULTY SENATE

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    Medical Sciences PROPOSAL TO THE WSU FACULTY SENATE FOR THE FORMATION OF A COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES 10/25/2013 #12;WSU College of MedicalSciences Proposal Page 2 of 15 PROPOSAL TO THE WSU FACULTY SENATE FOR THE FORMATION OF A COLLEGE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES Contents 1. GOALS

  16. Standardizing and personalizing science in medical education.

    PubMed

    Lambert, David R; Lurie, Stephen J; Lyness, Jeffrey M; Ward, Denham S

    2010-02-01

    In the century since the initial publication of the Flexner Report, medical education has emphasized a broad knowledge of science and a fundamental understanding of the scientific method, which medical educators believe are essential to the practice of medicine. The enormous growth of scientific knowledge that underlies clinical practice has challenged medical schools to accommodate this new information within the curricula. Although innovative educational modalities and new curricula have partly addressed this growth, the authors argue for a systematic restructuring of the content and structure of science education from the premedical setting through clinical practice. The overarching goal of science education is to provide students with a broad, solid foundation applicable to medicine, a deep understanding of the scientific method, and the attitudes and skills needed to apply new knowledge to patient care throughout their careers. The authors believe that to accomplish this successfully, the following changes must occur across the three major stages of medical education: (1) a reshaping of the scientific preparation that all students complete before medical school, (2) an increase in individualized science education during medical school, and (3) an emphasis on knowledge acquisition skills throughout graduate medical education and beyond to assure lifelong scientific learning. As students progress through the educational continuum, the balance of standardized and personalized scientific knowledge will shift toward personalization. Greater personalization demands that physicians possess well-refined skills in information acquisition, interpretation, and application for optimal lifelong learning and effective clinical practice. PMID:20107368

  17. Positioning a medical school for modern biomedical research: the department of genome sciences at the University of Washington School of Medicine.

    PubMed

    Fields, Stanley; Nickerson, Deborah A; Waterston, Robert H; Ramsey, Paul G

    2006-10-01

    The availability of genome sequences from a multitude of organisms, which began about a decade ago, has had enormous impact throughout the biomedical sciences. These sequence data have changed the way research studies are carried out and have led to the explosive growth of computational biology as an approach to analyze biological processes and evolution. In medicine, the completion of the human genome sequence has illuminated the function of many genes, facilitated the correlation of mutant genes to disease phenotypes, and provided a basis for the study of human variation. At the University of Washington, the two academic departments whose overall programs were most centrally affected by the sequencing revolution were Genetics and Molecular Biotechnology. These departments were fused in 2001 to form the Department of Genome Sciences in order to best exploit these developments and to become a prototype for the basic biomedical science department of the future. The department's goal is to address leading-edge questions in biology and medicine through the application of genetics, genomics, proteomics, and computational approaches to the increasing collection of known genome sequences and their encoded products. The authors review the events that led up to the founding of this department and discuss the initiatives that have been undertaken, which include the recruitment of faculty, the establishment of a new interdisciplinary graduate program, the continued development of an outreach program, and the construction of a building to house the department. Lessons learned in crafting this department are also discussed, as well as how these might apply to other medical schools. PMID:16985347

  18. Special Research Group Cultural Sciences

    E-print Network

    Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin

    Special Research Group Historical Cultural Sciences of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz FSP Historical Cultural Sciences FSP Historical Cultural Sciences FSP Historical Cultural Sciences Contact Research Group (FSP) Historical Cultural Sciences at the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz is an inter

  19. Computers, health care, and medical information science.

    PubMed

    Lincoln, T L; Korpman, R A

    1980-10-17

    The clinical laboratory is examined as a microcosm of the entire health care delivery system. The introduction of computers into the clinical laboratory raises issues that are difficult to resolve by the methods of information science or medical science applied in isolation. The melding of these two disciplines, together with the contributions of other disciplines, has created a new field of study called medical information science. The emergence of this new discipline and some specific problem-solving approaches used in its application in the clinical laboratory are examined. PMID:6999622

  20. . RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences January 2013, Vol. 56 012104:1­012104:10 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4616-5 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2Beijing Aerospace Control Center, Beijing 100094, China; 3

  1. Medical operations and life sciences activities on space station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, P. C. (editor); Mason, J. A. (editor)

    1982-01-01

    Space station health maintenance facilities, habitability, personnel, and research in the medical sciences and in biology are discussed. It is assumed that the space station structure will consist of several modules, each being consistent with Orbiter payload bay limits in size, weight, and center of gravity.

  2. Undergraduate medical research: the student perspective

    PubMed Central

    Burgoyne, Louise N.; O'Flynn, Siun; Boylan, Geraldine B.

    2010-01-01

    Background Research training is essential in a modern undergraduate medical curriculum. Our evaluation aimed to (a) gauge students' awareness of research activities, (b) compare students' perceptions of their transferable and research-specific skills competencies, (c) determine students' motivation for research and (d) obtain students' personal views on doing research. Methods Undergraduate medical students (N=317) completed a research skills questionnaire developed by the Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning in Applied Undergraduate Research Skills (CETL-AURS) at Reading University. The questionnaire assessed students' transferable skills, research-specific skills (e.g., study design, data collection and data analysis), research experience and attitude and motivation towards doing research. Results The majority of students are motivated to pursue research. Graduate entrants and male students appear to be the most confident regarding their research skills competencies. Although all students recognise the role of research in medical practice, many are unaware of the medical research activities or successes within their university. Of those who report no interest in a career incorporating research, a common perception was that researchers are isolated from patients and clinical practice. Discussion Students have a narrow definition of research and what it entails. An explanation for why research competence does not align more closely with research motivation is derived from students' lack of understanding of the concept of translational research, as well as a lack of awareness of the research activity being undertaken by their teachers and mentors. We plan to address this with specific research awareness initiatives. PMID:20844608

  3. Knowledge Translation for Research Utilization: Design of a Knowledge Translation Model at Tehran University of Medical Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Majdzadeh, Reza; Sadighi, Jila; Nejat, Saharnaz; Mahani, Ali Shahidzade; Gholami, Jaleh

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: The present study aimed to generate a model that would provide a conceptual framework for linking disparate components of knowledge translation. A theoretical model of such would enable the organization and evaluation of attempts to analyze current conditions and to design interventions on the transfer and utilization of research

  4. Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation,

    E-print Network

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation, including SENSE Research School December 2007 #12; QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Quality,byphotocopy- ingorbyanyothermeanswiththepermissionofQANUifthesourceismentioned. #12;3QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Table of contents

  5. Medical Informatics and the Science of Cognition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vimla L Patel; David R Kaufman

    1998-01-01

    Recent developments in medical informatics research have afforded possibilities for great advances in health care delivery. These exciting opportunities also present formidable challenges to the implementation and integration of technologies in the workplace. As in most domains, there is a gulf between technologic artifacts and end users. Since medical practice is a human endeavor, there is a need for bridging

  6. A Framework for Medical Information Science

    PubMed Central

    Blum, Bruce

    1983-01-01

    The Seventh Annual Symposium for Computer Applications in Medical Care has sponsored a one day, limited attendance workshop to discuss the topic: A Framework for Medical Information Science. Participation was limited to approximately fifty people. Each attendee prepared either a paper or a working statement before the workshop; these documents will be revised following the workshop for publication. This session will contain a review of the workshop by some of its participants. An extract from the call for participation follows.

  7. The science of medical librarianship: investing in the future.

    PubMed Central

    Love, E

    1987-01-01

    Information science is changing from an applied service-oriented activity to a basic research discipline. The library profession must earn a central place in this endeavor, and must address a number of important issues. These include ownership and intellectual property rights, a stronger research component for the profession, development of quality assurance systems for health information services, and a conceptual framework for training and career development of health sciences library technicians. The future of medical librarianship as a profession depends on a lasting commitment to research, a clear vision of the profession's fundamental mission and of the library's place in society. PMID:3450341

  8. Medical research misconduct need regulatory reforms.

    PubMed

    Bedi, Neeraj

    2014-10-01

    The medical research misconduct has become a global problem. Except from countries like the USA, China, and Germany the exact figures of misconduct are not available. The research misconduct include fabricating the data, falsifying data, and plagiarism. The irresponsible research practices are publishing research data more than once, conflicts of interest is not declared, selective reporting of data and including an author who has not contributed at all and many more. About 2% of scientists have been found to admit the fabricating the data and 33% researchers were involved in irresponsible research practices. There is no formal regulatory programs available to monitor the research projects. Few developed countries like the USA, Germany, and China tried to develop programs which can monitor the medical research misconduct. There is a need to develop a regulatory system at national and institutional level to regulate the research activity to ensure that good ethical and scientific standards are practiced by medical researchers. PMID:25364140

  9. Emotional intelligence in medical laboratory science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Price, Travis

    The purpose of this study was to explore the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in medical laboratory science, as perceived by laboratory administrators. To collect and evaluate these perceptions, a survey was developed and distributed to over 1,400 medical laboratory administrators throughout the U.S. during January and February of 2013. In addition to demographic-based questions, the survey contained a list of 16 items, three skills traditionally considered important for successful work in the medical laboratory as well as 13 EI-related items. Laboratory administrators were asked to rate each item for its importance for job performance, their satisfaction with the item's demonstration among currently working medical laboratory scientists (MLS) and the amount of responsibility college-based medical laboratory science programs should assume for the development of each skill or attribute. Participants were also asked about EI training in their laboratories and were given the opportunity to express any thoughts or opinions about EI as it related to medical laboratory science. This study revealed that each EI item, as well as each of the three other items, was considered to be very or extremely important for successful job performance. Administrators conveyed that they were satisfied overall, but indicated room for improvement in all areas, especially those related to EI. Those surveyed emphasized that medical laboratory science programs should continue to carry the bulk of the responsibility for the development of technical skills and theoretical knowledge and expressed support for increased attention to EI concepts at the individual, laboratory, and program levels.

  10. Review of Mathematical Sciences Research Review of Mathematical Sciences Research

    E-print Network

    Wild, Marcel

    Review of Mathematical Sciences Research 1 Review of Mathematical Sciences Research at South Recommendations 19 VI A National Centre of Mathematical Science 29 #12;Review of Mathematical Sciences Research 2 Executive Summary The importance of a sound foundation and research base in the mathematical sciences

  11. Research at UCC Computer Science Research Activity

    E-print Network

    Schellekens, Michel P.

    www.ucc.ie Research at UCC Computer Science #12;Research Activity Computer Science has an active and business. Research in Computer Science is driven by a vibrant and growing IT industry and is the key and research laboratories. Computer Science at UCC has played a pivotal role in the economic development

  12. PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT Master of Medical Science

    E-print Network

    Dennett, Daniel

    PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT PROGRAM Master of Medical Science #12;PRINCIPAL FACULTY ·Richard E. Murphy, PA/or certification by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants. Within the physician is to promote human health by providing excellent education to future physician assistants so

  13. SchoolofMedicalSciences BSc (Hons) Immunology

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    BSc (Hons) Immunology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12;BSc (Hons) Immunology · Introduction · Degree Aims and Outcomes · General Enquiries · General Requirements · Industrial Requirements Year 1 - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Immunology developed as the study of how the body

  14. VIROLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Knipe, David M.

    VIROLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES ROTATION REGISTRATION FORM TO BE SUBMITTED PRIOR OR PRINT LEGIBLY. STUDENT: DMS PROGRAM AFFILIATION: Virology Program CURRENT PHONE: CURRENT EMAIL if needed, the Rotation Supervisor's signature as well) to: PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR, THE COMMITTEE ON VIROLOGY

  15. Review of ANU Health and Medical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Botea, Adi

    engagement with Government and a national role in influencing public policy. A strong presence in health Review of ANU Health and Medical Sciences Report DECEMBER 2013 #12; REVIEW OF ANU HEALTH has achieved excellent health outcomes but significant work is required to improve health outcomes

  16. Research of medical gases in Poland

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Research of medical gases is well established in Poland and has been marked with the foundation of several professional societies. Numerous academic centers including those dealing with hyperbaric and diving medicine conduct studies of medical gases, in vast majority supported with intramural funds. In general, Polish research of medical gases is very much clinical in nature, covering new applications and safety of medical gases in medicine; on the other hand there are several academic centers pursuing preclinical studies, and elaborating basic theories of gas physiology and mathematical modeling of gas exchange. What dominates is research dealing with oxygen and ozone as well as studies of anesthetic gases and their applications. Finally, several research directions involving noble gas, hydrogen and hydrogen sulfide for cell protection, only begin to gain recognition of basic scientists and clinicians. However, further developments require more monetary spending on research and clinical testing as well as formation of new collective bodies for coordinating efforts in this matter. PMID:23916016

  17. Science Mentoring Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has created a website that provides access to their research on science mentoring. The goal of the site is to "provide guidelines and resources for developing high quality research and evaluation studies for science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) career and workforce mentoring. " On the site's homepage, visitors can find links to research on these guidelines, resources for STEM mentoring, and announcements about upcoming awards and funding opportunities. Visitors interested in designing STEM research and evaluation studies should definitely check out the "Research" tab near the top of the page. The first suggestion provided is to review the literature, and they include links to the suggested readings, such as "Mentoring Report" and "Mentoring: Lessons Learned and Research Questions". Links are also provided for the additional steps suggested for designing a study, which may be of interest to those in the field of psychometrics and related fields.

  18. Teaching Science through Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Cathy Lundmark (American Institute of Biological Sciences; )

    2002-01-01

    From the pages of magazine, the online version of our education column in BioScience provides educators with updates in science education, examples of successful initiatives to transform biology teaching, and new ways of improving student understanding. This column describes the Research Experiences for Undergraduate program at the Institute for Ecosystem Studies.

  19. National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR)

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR) 20th Anniversary Scientific Symposium Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR) 20th Anniversary Scientific Symposium: Advancing Research to Improve The Lives: Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC) #12;To our friends and colleagues in celebration of the 20th

  20. Reflections on Experimental Research in Medical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, David A.; Beckman, Thomas J.

    2010-01-01

    As medical education research advances, it is important that education researchers employ rigorous methods for conducting and reporting their investigations. In this article we discuss several important yet oft neglected issues in designing experimental research in education. First, randomization controls for only a subset of possible confounders.…

  1. Fraud and deceit in medical research

    PubMed Central

    Sarwar, Umran; Nicolaou, Marios

    2012-01-01

    Publication of medical research is the cornerstone for the propagation and dissemination of medical knowledge, culminating in significant effects on the health of the world's population. However, instances of individuals and institutions subverting the ethos of honesty and integrity on which medical research is built in order to advance personal ambitions have been well documented. Many definitions to describe this unethical behavior have been postulated, although the most descriptive is the “FFP” (fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism) model put forward by the United States’ Office of Research Integrity. Research misconduct has many ramifications of which the world's media are all too keen to demonstrate. Many high-profile cases the world over have demonstrated this lack of ethics when performing medical research. Many esteemed professionals and highly regarded world institutions have succumbed to the ambitions of a few, who for personal gains, have behaved unethically in pursuit of their own ideals. Although institutions have been set up to directly confront these issues, it would appear that a lot more is still required on the part of journals and their editors to combat this behavioral pattern. Individuals starting out at very junior positions in medical research ought to be taught the basics of medical research ethics so that populations are not failed by the very people they are turning to for assistance at times of need. This article provides a review of many of the issues of research misconduct and allows the reader to reflect and think through their own experiences of research. This hopefully will allow individuals to start asking questions on, what is an often, a poorly discussed topic in medical research. PMID:23833585

  2. [The growing importance of ethics in medical care and research].

    PubMed

    Sass, Hans-Martin

    2009-01-01

    The integration of medical humanities into future patient care and medical research will become as importance for trust, care and health as the natural sciences were during the last 100 years. In particular, improvements of lay health literacy and responsibility, new forms of physician-nurse partnership and expert-lay interaction, also revisions of clinical research towards models of informed contract will improve trust and health on a global scale, allow for healthier and happier citizens and populations and eventually might reduce health care costs. PMID:19823790

  3. Prescriptions for medical research. I--Management within the Medical Research Council.

    PubMed Central

    Gillett, R; Harrow, J

    1993-01-01

    In their submission to the government in advance of the white paper on science policy in the United Kingdom the Medical Research Council commends the MRC's own approach to managing directly funded research. But a series of semi-structured interviews with the directors of some of the MRC's units suggests a gap between the MRC's model of managed research and the reality. Although such units are theoretically managed from MRC head office (and units are charged an overhead for this), in practice each unit runs its own affairs. Between major reviews average contact time with the head office contact person is seven hours a year. The first paper argues that a purchaser-provider split would recognise the benefits of decentralisation and allow units to bid for research funds from several sources, the successful ones guaranteeing their survival through a rolling series of research programmes. The second paper criticises the MRC's cumbersome peer review system. Reliance on outside experts atrophies the scientific skills of head office staff and builds delays into decision making. A purchaser-provider model would allow the head office scientific staff to act like commercial research and development managers, commissioning research, and using the outcome, rather than peer review, as a criterion for continued funding. PMID:8324441

  4. Research School of Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Botea, Adi

    1 Research School of Computer Science Student Handbook #12;2 © The Australian National University 2013 Research School of Computer Science College of Engineering and Computer Science The Australian effectively in the Research School of Computer Science, ANU College of Engineering and Computer Science. Our

  5. Microgravity Science Research Panel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carpenter, Bradley M.; Trinh, Eugene H.; DeLucas, Lawrence J.; Larson, David; Koss, Matthew; Ostrach, Simon

    2000-01-01

    This document is a transcription of the Microgravity Science Research Panel's discussion about their research and about some of the contributions that they feel have been important to the field during their time with the program. The panel includes Dr. Eugene Trinh, Dr. Lawrence DeLucas, Dr. Charles Bugg, Dr. David Larson, and Dr. Simon Ostrach.

  6. Fire-related medical science

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Knight, Douglas R.

    1987-01-01

    Spacecraft fire safety may be improved by the use of a fire-retardant atmosphere in occupied spaces. Low concentrations of oxygen can protect humans from fire damage by reducing the rate and spread of combustion, but care must be taken to avoid the hypoxic effects of oxygen-lean atmospheres. Crews can live and work in 11 percent oxygen if barometric pressure were adjusted to maintain the partial pressure of oxygen above 16 kPa. Eleven percent oxygen should prevent most types of fires, since 15 percent oxygen retards the combustion of paper and 13 percent oxygen extinguishes pentane flames. Test results indicate that seated humans can perform mental tasks in atmospheres containing 11.5 percent oxygen. Although this strategy of fire safety is under consideration for submarines, it could be adapted to spacecraft once operational procedures define a maximum hyperbaric pressure and fire research defines the effects of reduced oxygen concentrations on combustion in low gravity environments.

  7. (09)UC/05 BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/11 Bachelor of Science (Honours) Medical Physics

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    (09)UC/05 ­ BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/11 Bachelor of Science (Honours) Medical Physics 2005 Calendar, pages 348 and 681 (09)UC/05 ­ BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/1 Section A 1. Purpose of proposal To provide a better pathway for PhD students in Medical Physics, a BSc(Hons) degree in Medical Physics

  8. Research School of Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Botea, Adi

    1 Research School of Computer Science Student Handbook #12;2 © The Australian National University 2012 Research School of Computer Science College of Engineering and Computer Science The Australian effectively in the Research Research School of Computer Science, ANU College of Engineering and Computer

  9. Medical Students’ Research – Facilitators and Barriers

    PubMed Central

    Unnikrishnan, B; Holla, Ramesh; Kumar, Nithin; Rekha, T; Mithra, Prasanna; Kulkarni, Vaman; Reshmi, B

    2014-01-01

    Background: Undergraduate research in medicine is important to expose and encourage the students towards the newer advances and research practices. The present study was taken up in a medical institute to assess the perception of the medical faculty about research undertaken by the medical undergraduates, and identifying the barriers faced by them in training undergraduate students for research. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire on perceptions, barriers and limitations towards undergraduate research was distributed to 105 participants included in the study. The responses of the participants were collected on a five point Likert scale and analysed using spss version 11.5. Results: There was a strong agreement among the faculty about students’ interest in carrying out research (95.1%), and that they had gained knowledge to design, conduct, present and publish their research from the projects undertaken by them (90.2%). Among the barriers for training undergraduate research, time consumption was perceived as a barrier by the participating medical teachers (37.7%) followed by lack of motivation and commitment among students (19.7%). Time constraint was the commonest reason for the faculty in not guiding undergraduate research (39.0%). A larger proportion of medical teachers suggested that incentives for students and teachers (62.7%) and frequent workshops for students related to undergraduate research (61.8%) are likely to encourage the students and teachers and thus, improve the scenario. Conclusion: It is suggested to address certain important issues like reducing the workload of faculty engaged in undergraduate research, and conducting frequent research methodology workshops for the under graduate students to improvise the standards of undergraduate research. PMID:25654016

  10. [Medical research ethics 50 years after Nuremberg].

    PubMed

    Ruyter, K W

    1997-12-10

    50 years ago, in Nuremberg, 23 German doctors were accused of crimes against humanity. The anniversary is a solemn reminder of the dark origins of medical research ethics. Many researchers today believe that the medical experiments carried out under Hitler "vaccinated" postwar researchers against abuse. A review of the practices of postwar research shows that the "vaccination" had limited effect and that there is no reason to believe that the events which took place under Hitler were unique and will never happen again. After the war various measures were introduced to protect research subjects: informed consent, self regulation and independent research ethics committees. The measures have undoubtedly limited the abuse of subjects substantially. Nevertheless, in the Armed Forces, where abuse has been most rampant after the war, informed consent is not always practised and independent review is seldom carried out. With the support of grant institutions, journals and industry the protection of research subjects can be improved. It is recommended that medical faculties arrange an annual commemoration of the victims of medical research in order to raise consciousness and awareness among teachers and students. PMID:9456583

  11. Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2013 / 2014 Inform -Involve -Enable

    E-print Network

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    #12;Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2013 / 2014 Inform - Involve - Enable revised 6/04/13 1 Medical Education Research Scholars Program (MERSP) Application Cover Sheet Please click _______________________________ Date: ____________ Department Chair Signature: ______________________ Date: _____________ #12;Medical

  12. From Medical Records to Clinical Science

    PubMed Central

    Aickin, Mikel; Elder, Charles

    2012-01-01

    Medical records contain an abundance of information, very little of which is extracted and put to clinical use. Increasing the flow of information from medical records to clinical practice requires methods of analysis that are appropriate for large nonintervention studies. The purpose of this article is to explain in nontechnical language what these methods are, how they differ from conventional statistical analyses, and why the latter are generally inappropriate. This is important because of the current volume of nonintervention study analyses that either use incorrect methods or misuse correct methods. A set of guidelines is suggested for use in nonintervention clinical research. PMID:23251122

  13. Teaching Science through Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hugerat, Muhamad; Zidani, Saleem; Kurtam, Naji

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the objectives of the science curriculum and the teacher's responsibility of passing through not only the required material, but also skills. Suggests that in order to improve teaching and learning skills, new strategies, such as teaching and learning through research must be utilized. Presents four examples of teaching and learning…

  14. [Accessing medical records for research purposes].

    PubMed

    Alcalde Bezhold, Guillermo; Alfonso Farnós, Iciar

    2013-01-01

    The Organic Law 15/1999 of 13 December on the Protection of Personal Data and the Law 41/2002 of 14 November regulating patient autonomy and rights and obligations of information and clinical documentation are the basic rules which govern the medical history in Spain. However, the lack of development of these laws regarding data protection in clinical research, particularly in terms of access to the medical history, repeatedly causes doubts about its construction by the Research Ethics Committees. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to analyze the rules which govern the access to the medical history for research purposes, with particular emphasis on the common problems that arise in the Committees for the ethical evaluation of these projects and finally setting a series of recommendations. The use for research purpose of genetic personal data contained in the medical history is also addressed in this paper. In this sense, a key contribution of the Law on Biomedical Research is relating to the specific regulation of the genetic personal data, both with respect to their production and access to the data as a support and regarding to its use for research purpose. PMID:24868961

  15. Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics Program at Ryerson University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antimirova, Tetyana

    2006-12-01

    A new Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics program at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario was launched in Fall 2006. The program builds on Ryerson’s strong existing capabilities in biomedical physics research. The program’s point of entry is the common first year during which all students in Biology, Chemistry, Contemporary Science and Medical Physics programs complete the foundation courses that include physics, calculus, biology, chemistry, and introduction to computing. In addition to the foundation courses, the first-year studies include an orientation course that supports the students in making a successful transition to university studies. The courses beyond the first year include such topics as radiation therapy, image analysis, medical diagnostics and computer modeling techniques. In the final year the students will undertake an independent, faculty-supervised thesis project in an area of personal research interest. Co-op and industrial internship options are available. Our program promotes natural interaction between physics, life sciences, mathematics and computing. The flexibility built into our curriculum will open a variety of career options for our graduates.

  16. WVU Medical Laboratory Science Application Instructions Fall 2014 Admission

    E-print Network

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    WVU Medical Laboratory Science Application Instructions Fall 2014 Admission Thank you for your interest in Medical Laboratory Science (MLS)! Please follow the instructions carefully. Please note link: http://admissions.wvu.edu/admissions/hsc_applicants 2. Scroll down to the "Medical Laboratory

  17. 76 FR 10911 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-28

    ...privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Research Centers in Wound Healing. Date: March 22, 2011. Time: 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications....

  18. 150 Years of Medical Information Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Elliot R.

    1987-01-01

    Traces the history of the National Library of Medicine with emphasis on research and development activities in biomedical communications and information science. Highlights include the areas of bibliographic control, library automation, information retrieval, knowledge management systems, and educational technologies. (CLB)

  19. Synchrotron radiation applications in medical research

    SciTech Connect

    Thomlinson, W.

    1997-08-01

    Over the past two decades there has been a phenomenal growth in the number of dedicated synchrotron radiation facilities and a corresponding growth in the number of applications in both basic and applied sciences. The high flux and brightness, tunable beams, time structure and polarization of synchrotron radiation provide an ideal x- ray source for many applications in the medical sciences. There is a dual aspect to the field of medical applications of synchrotron radiation. First there are the important in-vitro programs such as structural biology, x-ray microscopy, and radiation cell biology. Second there are the programs that are ultimately targeted at in-vivo applications. The present status of synchrotron coronary angiography, bronchography, multiple energy computed tomography, mammography and radiation therapy programs at laboratories around the world is reviewed.

  20. Division of Medical Sciences Ph.D. Programs at Harvard Medical School

    E-print Network

    Mekalanos, John

    Division of Medical Sciences Ph.D. Programs at Harvard Medical School Quarter Courses Spring Visualization with Maya Catalog Number: 61072 Enrollment: Limited to 18. Gael McGill (Medical School) and David Lopes Cardozo (Medical School) *BCMP 307qc. Approaches to Drug Action, Discovery, and Design Catalog

  1. Stress among Isfahan medical sciences students

    PubMed Central

    Sharifirad, Gholamreza; Marjani, Abdoljalal; Abdolrahman, Charkazi; Mostafa, Qorbani; Hossein, Shahnazi

    2012-01-01

    Background: This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of psychological stress among Isfahan medical sciences students. Methods: Cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out among the 387 medical sciences students (medicine, pharmacy, and dentistry) of Isfahan, Iran through census. In academic year 2010-2011, Kessler-10 questionnaire was given to the students a month before semester examinations. Scores ?20 were considered as indicative of positive stress symptoms. Results: The overall prevalence of stress among medical sciences students was found to be about 76.1%. The prevalence of stress among medicine students was 22.7% mild, 23% moderate and 21.4% severe while 32.8% showed no stress. The prevalence of stress among pharmacy students was 22.22%, 22.22%, 26.19%, and 29.36% mild, moderate, and severe and no stress, respectively. The prevalence of stress among dentistry students was 25% mild, 27% moderate, and 10% severe while 37.5% showed no stress. The prevalence of stress was higher (70.6%) in pharmacy students when compared with medicine (66.1%) and dentistry (62.5%) students. The odds of student having stress is higher in dentistry students (OR: 1.44, P= 0.33), where as the odds are decreasing in pharmacy student (OR: 1.16, P=0.66). There is no statistically significant association between gender, ages, and term and having stress symptoms. Conclusions: The high level of stress necessitates interventions like social and psychological support to improve the student's well-being. A prospective study is needed to study the association of psychological morbidity with sources of stress and coping strategies. PMID:23267406

  2. Medical Laboratory Science: An International Comparison for Credentials Evaluators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Solveig M.; Karlsson, Britta

    Information is presented to help medical technology schools abroad evaluate their credentials in comparison to U.S. requirements. After defining the subfields of medical technology, also called medical laboratory science, a summary is provided of the educational requirements, the professional titles, and the certification recognition of medical

  3. Student Medical Certificate Faculty of Science Department of Economics

    E-print Network

    Student Medical Certificate Faculty of Science ­ Department of Economics This form has been adapted academic consideration for medical reasons. My personal information is being collected under the authority care services to the above-named student on _________________________________________. (insert date

  4. Heritage Medical Research Building Emergency Instructions

    E-print Network

    de Leon, Alex R.

    Heritage Medical Research Building Emergency Instructions In the event of an EMERGENCY dial 403 DO NOT TOUCH, MOVE, OPEN OR DISTURB THE ITEM Turn off all wireless devices as they could calm, do not interrupt the caller Record/document as much information as you can while the call

  5. Medical Amnesty Policies: Research is Needed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oster-Aaland, Laura; Eighmy, Myron A.

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the issues surrounding medical amnesty policies in higher education beginning with the background of such policies, a summary of the current debate regarding the policies, and a discussion of research related to helping behaviors among college students. Due to the negative consequences of alcohol misuse, many student affairs…

  6. Analysis of serial measurements in medical research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. N. S. Matthews; D. G. Altman; M. J. Campbell; P. Royston

    1990-01-01

    In medical research data are often collected serially on subjects. The statistical analysis of such data is often inadequate in two ways: it may fail to settle clinically relevant questions and it may be statistically invalid. A commonly used method which compares groups at a series of time points, possibly with t tests, is flawed on both counts. There may,

  7. Capturing Culture in Medical Information Security Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia Williams

    2009-01-01

    The definition and deconstruction of culture is an intricate exercise which is multifaceted and multilayered and has at its core, values that drive behaviour and practice often instinctively. One aspect of such culture that is deeply embedded in the medical setting is trust. Researching the influence of culture on security practice is a complex task in this situation, yet information

  8. Capturing Culture in Medical Information Security Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia A. H. Williams

    2010-01-01

    The definition and deconstruction of culture is an intricate exercise which is multifaceted and multilayered and has at its core, values that drive behaviour and practice often instinctively. One aspect of such culture that is deeply embedded in the medical setting is trust. Researching the influence of culture on security practice is a complex task in this situation, yet information

  9. Research in computer science

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ortega, J. M.

    1985-01-01

    Synopses are given for NASA supported work in computer science at the University of Virginia. Some areas of research include: error seeding as a testing method; knowledge representation for engineering design; analysis of faults in a multi-version software experiment; implementation of a parallel programming environment; two computer graphics systems for visualization of pressure distribution and convective density particles; task decomposition for multiple robot arms; vectorized incomplete conjugate gradient; and iterative methods for solving linear equations on the Flex/32.

  10. Research in computer science

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ortega, J. M.

    1986-01-01

    Various graduate research activities in the field of computer science are reported. Among the topics discussed are: (1) failure probabilities in multi-version software; (2) Gaussian Elimination on parallel computers; (3) three dimensional Poisson solvers on parallel/vector computers; (4) automated task decomposition for multiple robot arms; (5) multi-color incomplete cholesky conjugate gradient methods on the Cyber 205; and (6) parallel implementation of iterative methods for solving linear equations.

  11. Brain science, addiction and drugs An Academy of Medical Sciences working group report

    E-print Network

    Cambridge, University of

    Brain science, addiction and drugs An Academy of Medical Sciences working group report chaired;Brain science, addiction and drugs An Academy of Medical Sciences working group report chaired by Professor Sir Gabriel Horn FRS FRCP May 2008 #12;BRAin SCienCe, AddiCtion And dRuGS 2 Acknowledgements

  12. How Well Establishment of Research Plans Can Improve Scientific Ranking of Medical Universities

    PubMed Central

    Saadat, Seyed Hassan; Izadi, Morteza; Aslani, Jafar; Ghanei, Mostafa

    2015-01-01

    Background: As a developing country, Iran has not had a substantial share in global science production activities; however, this country has recently been the forth country in the world regarding research output publications, and biomedical research has played a crucial role in achieving this honorable position. Objectives: In this paper, we aimed to introduce the strategies employed at Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences of Iran, to enhance scientific research output of this university. Patients and Methods: The present study used the qualitative content analysis technique. The Research deputies and the head of research centers of Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences were the research subjects. The main researcher conducted all the interviews. The participants were all authorities of the university. Sampling continued until data saturation. After speaking with 16 participants, the interviews yielded no new information, and no new categories or subcategories were added to the previous ones. Deep and semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions were used to collect data. Results: Diplomacies employed to promote research, organizing educational classes, and foundation of infrastructural organizations for research and true surveillance of research programs were the main characteristics of Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences research strategies. Conclusions: Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences is a military university of limited resources that has won several awards in the recent years, and has been categorized as one of the leading first ranked medical universities in Iran; a position quite higher than several other larger universities of the country. We recommend more enhanced strategies for other universities. PMID:25793114

  13. PreMedical Education in the Physical Sciences for Tomorrow's Physicians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon Long

    2009-01-01

    Medical knowledge is being transformed by instrumentation advances and by research results including genomic and population level studies; at the same time, though, the premedical curriculum is constrained by a relatively unchanging overall content in the MCAT examination, which inhibits innovation on undergraduate science education. A committee convened jointly by the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Howard Hughes

  14. WORLD MEDICAL ASSOCIATION DECLARATION OF HELSINKI Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects

    E-print Network

    Pfeifer, Holger

    1 WORLD MEDICAL ASSOCIATION DECLARATION OF HELSINKI Ethical Principles for Medical Research, October 2008 A. INTRODUCTION 1. The World Medical Association (WMA) has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, including

  15. Medicine and medical sciences in Africa.

    PubMed

    Gathiram, Prem; Hänninen, Osmo

    2014-06-01

    The year 2014 is an important year because it will mark the 25th Anniversary of the founding of the African Association of Physiological Sciences (AAPS) and initial talks to launch the International Society for Pathophysiology (ISP). Both these organizations had a foothold in Finland and both occurred during the IUPS Centennial Celebration Congress in 1989. The congress was hosted by the Finnish Physiological Society in Helsinki, Finland in July 1989. For both organizations, Prof OsmoHänninen was instrumental in the launching and inauguration of AAPS and also to initiate the creation of ISP. In order to celebrate the 25th Anniversaries of both organizations it was decided to hold the ISP2014 congress on the African soil. Hence in 2004, at the 4th international congress of AAPS held in Morocco, Wail Benjeloun.the then secretary general of AAPS, submitted successfully a bid to host ISP2014 in Morocco. Following the inauguration of AAPS in Helsinki, the 1st Congress of AAPS was held in Nairobi, Kenya in 1992 where the Constitution of AAPS was drawn up. The Constitution was adopted at the 2nd congress of AAPS in Durban, South Africa in 1997. Following this congress, the next congress, as scheduled, was held in Pretoria, South Africa in 2000. The last congress (6th) of AAPS was held on 1-5 September 2012 in Ismailia, Egypt. This was an historical congress because of many reasons and amongst these was the appointment of Anthony B. Ebeigbe, Department of Physiology, University of Benin, Nigeria as its first Editor-in-Chief of its official journal, the Journal of the African association of Physiological Sciences (JAAPS). He successfully published the first issue in June 2013, as mandated in Ismailia. The World's medicine has its initial root in Africa and in fact it was in Memphis, Egypt as early as 2700 BC. During the Ptulomaic period the seat of medicine was in Alexandria, Egypt and Medical knowledge then spread to the Greeks 330 BC. Many western medical scientists acknowledge learning medicine and anatomy form the Egyptian experts. The University of Al Karaouine, in Fez, Morocco, Africa is considered the oldest continuously operating university in the world and has been a center of learning for more than 1,000 years. Medicine in Africa has been acknowledged by many authoritarians to be well developed, long before its development in Greece and other European Countries. Almost every African country has medical and medical sciences societies and associations. According the WHO, African journals online (AJOL) as the worlds largest collection of peer-reviewed journals. It is also believed that Africa will play a major role in Sciences in the future, and in fact one of the Worlds leading palaeo-anthropologist was a South African. PMID:24290618

  16. Perceptions of Medical Sciences Students Towards Probiotics

    PubMed Central

    Payahoo, Laleh; Nikniaz, Zeinab; Mahdavi, Reza; Asghari Jafar Abadi, Mohamad

    2012-01-01

    Background: Regarding the importance of probiotics in prevention of different diseases, the knowledge of people particularly health-related professionals about the beneficial effects and availability of probiotic products is important. Considering the limited studies, the present study was conducted to assess the knowledge of medical sciences students as future provider of health information about probiotics in Tabriz, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 296 medical sciences students from different faculty majors with mean age of 22 ± 4 years. The students completed two self-administered questionnaires; the one was about the demographic characteristics and the other one with nine closed questions as for knowledge as well as probiotics and their health effects and 2 questions related to availability of probiotic products. Scoring of 9 knowledge questions was divided to three sections 0-3, 4-6, 7-9 and classified as poor, acceptable and good, respectively. The Chi-square test was used to examine the differences in knowledge of the students across different gender, major and degree groups. Results: Six percent of students had poor, 43% acceptable, and 51% good knowledge. Total mean±(SD) of knowledge was 6.25 ±1.6 . Answers of students about the availability of probiotic products were 36.9% low, 48.1% moderate, and 15% high. Comparison of knowledge result between different major and degree groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Although students had approximately acceptable level of knowledge about probiotics and their health effects, their awareness about common available form of probiotic products was low. The use of efficient co-educational materials such as teaching new findings for students may be beneficial. PMID:24688923

  17. Cognitive Sciences Program Research Opportunities

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    Cognitive Sciences Program Research Opportunities Students pursuing undergraduate degrees in cognitive science are encouraged to engage in research related activities at some point during their time and knowledge, skills/experience, and motivation. The Cognitive Science Program offers four options for students

  18. Evaluating Decentralized Basic Science Medical Education:A Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. Cullen; Charles W. Dohner; Roy Schwarz

    1981-01-01

    The Washington, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho Program in Decentralized Medical Education began in 1971. Since that time, more than 400 students have participated in the University Phase of the program. This article presents a modelfor evaluating the basic science portion of the program in which the first year of medical school is taught at sites remote from the medical center

  19. Student Medical Certificate 1 Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences

    E-print Network

    Student Medical Certificate 1 Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences A. TO BE COMPLETED BY THE STUDENT of Windsor Faculty of Law Student Medical Certificate and the University of Western Ontario Student Medical to students. For questions in connection with the collection of this information, the Associate Dean of my

  20. Medical student culture: Note?taking cooperatives in basic science curricula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dorthea Juul

    1992-01-01

    This article examines an aspect of contemporary medical education in the basic sciences—student note?taking cooperatives that produce written versions of faculty lectures. The phenomenon is analyzed in the context of the educational milieu of the basic science years as described in several recently published first?person accounts of medical training. Faculty and student perspectives are delineated along with relevant research findings.

  1. c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH NOTE

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, 88179­55786, Iran 3 Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 14115­111, Iran 4 Tehran Medical Genetics Laboratory, No. 297-syndromic deafness is caused by the mutation in gap junction beta 2 (GJB2) gene (GenBank M86849, OMIM# 121011) which

  2. Governing controversial science: Lessons from stem cell research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Mintrom; Rebecca Bollard

    2009-01-01

    Developments in genomic science and biotechnology are creating new governance challenges concerning funding, oversight, and regulation of the underlying science and its applications. Among forms of genomics and biotechnology, human stem cell research has been one of the most controversial. It holds great promise for the development of medical therapies, but the link between human reproduction and research on embryonic

  3. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care

    E-print Network

    Doran, Simon J.

    and Immunology Epidemiology of cancer Cellular, molecular and genetics of cancer Cancer metastasis Tumour in research and practice Site specific cancer: haematological, lung, and GI cancer Pre-requisites of StudyFaculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care The Science of Cancer Module

  4. Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2014 /2015 Inform -Involve -Enable

    E-print Network

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2014 /2015 Inform - Involve - Enable Revised 3/14/14 1 Medical Education Research Scholars Program (MERSP) Application Cover Sheet Name (Last, First, M________________________ Date:________ ResetPrint Save #12;Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2014 /2015 Inform

  5. The Role of Research in the Modern Medical Center: The Ochsner Clinic Foundation Perspective

    PubMed Central

    Re, Richard N.

    2006-01-01

    American research universities and medical centers have made dramatic contributions to the care of the sick and to our understanding of disease. Their research is the cornerstone upon which modern medicine has been built. Today, changes in the societal context in which research is conducted are placing great strains on academic medical centers while advances in science present them with great opportunities. Here these issues are explored using the experience of the Ochsner Clinic Foundation as a point of reference. PMID:21765776

  6. 78 FR 77472 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...of the National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council. The meeting will...Committee: National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council. Date:...

  7. 77 FR 64812 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  8. 76 FR 6803 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-08

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  9. 76 FR 10039 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-23

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  10. 75 FR 7484 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-19

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group, Minority...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  11. 75 FR 35820 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel Review...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  12. 77 FR 35989 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-15

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  13. 77 FR 66625 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-06

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  14. 77 FR 24724 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...of the National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council. The meeting will...Committee: National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council. Date: May...

  15. 77 FR 76059 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Meeting

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    2012-12-26

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Meeting Pursuant...of the National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council. The meeting will...Committee: National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council. Date:...

  16. 76 FR 71350 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  17. 78 FR 66367 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group; Training...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  18. 77 FR 14407 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2012-03-09

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  19. 78 FR 63231 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel P20...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  20. 77 FR 19678 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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  1. 76 FR 10043 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2011-02-23

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group, Minority...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  2. 78 FR 35942 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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    2013-06-14

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  3. 78 FR 66370 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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  4. 76 FR 7573 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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  5. 75 FR 69092 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel MBRS...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  6. 75 FR 8979 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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  7. 77 FR 60448 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group; Training...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  8. 77 FR 10541 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  9. 75 FR 76477 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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  10. 78 FR 13362 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel Program...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  11. 77 FR 62245 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meetings

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  12. 75 FR 28810 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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  13. 76 FR 12980 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  14. 76 FR 43334 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2011-07-20

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  15. 75 FR 30410 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  16. 77 FR 71430 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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  17. 76 FR 68486 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  18. 75 FR 42757 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2010-07-22

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  19. 75 FR 18218 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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  20. 77 FR 31862 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  1. 78 FR 38997 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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    2013-06-28

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  2. 76 FR 10911 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2011-02-28

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  3. 78 FR 39741 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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    2013-07-02

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  4. 78 FR 11658 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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  5. 75 FR 55804 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2010-09-14

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  6. 75 FR 5601 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings

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    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...

  7. 76 FR 14672 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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  8. 77 FR 33471 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2012-06-06

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  9. 77 FR 60444 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2012-10-03

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  10. 75 FR 55805 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2010-09-14

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group, Biomedical...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  11. 76 FR 36932 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2011-06-23

    ...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...

  12. 77 FR 35989 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2012-06-15

    ...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting Pursuant...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group; Minority...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of...

  13. 75 FR 4408 - National Institute Of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2010-01-27

    ...National Institute Of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting Pursuant...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Interventions...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of...

  14. 75 FR 71713 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2010-11-24

    ...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting Pursuant...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; K99...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of...

  15. 78 FR 70566 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2013-11-26

    ...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting Pursuant...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Review...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of...

  16. 75 FR 69092 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

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    2010-11-10

    ...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting Pursuant...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel MBRS...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of...

  17. Nanotechnology Research: Applications in Nutritional Sciences12

    PubMed Central

    Srinivas, Pothur R.; Philbert, Martin; Vu, Tania Q.; Huang, Qingrong; Kokini, Josef L.; Saos, Etta; Chen, Hongda; Peterson, Charles M.; Friedl, Karl E.; McDade-Ngutter, Crystal; Hubbard, Van; Starke-Reed, Pamela; Miller, Nancy; Betz, Joseph M.; Dwyer, Johanna; Milner, John; Ross, Sharon A.

    2010-01-01

    The tantalizing potential of nanotechnology is to fabricate and combine nanoscale approaches and building blocks to make useful tools and, ultimately, interventions for medical science, including nutritional science, at the scale of ?1–100 nm. In the past few years, tools and techniques that facilitate studies and interventions in the nanoscale range have become widely available and have drawn widespread attention. Recently, investigators in the food and nutrition sciences have been applying the tools of nanotechnology in their research. The Experimental Biology 2009 symposium entitled “Nanotechnology Research: Applications in Nutritional Sciences” was organized to highlight emerging applications of nanotechnology to the food and nutrition sciences, as well as to suggest ways for further integration of these emerging technologies into nutrition research. Speakers focused on topics that included the problems and possibilities of introducing nanoparticles in clinical or nutrition settings, nanotechnology applications for increasing bioavailability of bioactive food components in new food products, nanotechnology opportunities in food science, as well as emerging safety and regulatory issues in this area, and the basic research applications such as the use of quantum dots to visualize cellular processes and protein-protein interactions. The session highlighted several emerging areas of potential utility in nutrition research. Nutrition scientists are encouraged to leverage ongoing efforts in nanomedicine through collaborations. These efforts could facilitate exploration of previously inaccessible cellular compartments and intracellular pathways and thus uncover strategies for new prevention and therapeutic modalities. PMID:19939997

  18. Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

    E-print Network

    Bushman, Frederic

    Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Perelman School of Medicine at the University in academic medicine · To promote research and education in women's health Dual Mission To support in women's health: 1 award may be specific to CV research ­ Clinical, basic science or community · Open

  19. Synchrotron radiation applications in medical research

    SciTech Connect

    Thomlinson, W.

    1995-12-31

    The medical projects employing synchrotron radiation as discussed in this paper are, for the most part, still in their infancies and no one can predict the direction in which they will develop. Both the basic research and applied medical programs are sure to be advanced at the new facilities coming on line, especially the ESRF and Spring- 8. However, success is not guaranteed. There is a lot of competition from advances in conventional imaging with the development of digital angiography, computed tomography, functional magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound. The synchrotron programs will have to provide significant advantages over these modalities in order to be accepted by the medical profession. Advances in image processing and potentially the development of compact sources will be required in order to move the synchrotron developed imaging technologies into the clinical world. In any event, it can be expected that the images produced by the synchrotron technologies will establish ``gold standards`` to be targeted by conventional modalities. A lot more work needs to be done in order to bring synchrotron radiation therapy and surgery to the level of human studies and, subsequently, to clinical applications.

  20. Vision: To transform the medical sector by researching, testing

    E-print Network

    Oakley, Jeremy

    1 Vision: To transform the medical devices1 sector by researching, testing and making methods of device users, the medical device industry, regulators and reimbursement agencies, and healthcare April 2004 1 For `Medical device,' we take a very broad view in line with the Medical Devices Directive

  1. Medical and Health Sciences Foundation Fellowships Grant Title

    E-print Network

    sciences, nursing, social sciences, the arts and humanities. The award is a two-year grant paid Fellowship Programs, General Humanities Nursing Social Sciences Record last updated on 2009-09-28 Grant Title/Training Medical Education Record last updated on 2009-10-26 Grant Title HHMI Grants and Fellowships Programs

  2. Social Science Research Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until \\"the next revision to the web site this winter.\\"

  3. National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Eunice Kennedy Shriver's recent death serves as a reminder of her advocacy on behalf of those with mental retardation and her commitment to research about human development. The National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research is her legacy, born of her concern for her sister Rosemary's treatment, who was born mentally retarded and later lobotomized because of it, "Mrs. Eunice Kennedy set out to help the scientific community, policy makers, and the general public recognize the importance of such research [in itself and] as a bridge to understanding broader, more general aspects of human development, which would help all people." The website for the NCMRR has a number of available resources on the right side of the webpage, such as Funding Opportunities, Research Resources, and News Releases. Scientists interested in "Scientific Meetings, Conferences and Events", can find them by clicking on that very link on the left hand side of the page. "AtoZ Health and Human Development Topics", from AIDS to Turner Syndrome, can be found under the "Health Information" tab on the far left hand side of the page. "Clinical Research & Clinical Trials", "Health Education" and "Publications & Materials" can also be accessed under that tab.

  4. Research on Early Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landry, Christopher E.; Forman, George E.

    The implementation of basic research on children's scientific thinking into science curricula continues to be a slow process. This chapter summarizes research on cognitive development that has helped to establish the goals for much of early science education and examines its implications. The chapter begins by describing scientific thinking and…

  5. Earth System Science Research Course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. P. Leck

    2005-01-01

    The Earth System Science Research Course is a unique class implemented by Frederick County Public Schools. The course (ESSR) was designed in conjunction with NASA Education Specialists and is supported by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Students in this course have the opportunity to use data from cutting edge earth science experiments while researching their own topics and answering

  6. Tier 2 Canada Research Chair Medical Health Informatics

    E-print Network

    Sinnamon, Gordon J.

    Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Medical Health Informatics Schulich School of Medicine intensive universities, seeks applicants for a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Medical Health Informatics, and the potential to achieve international recognition in the field of medical health informatics within the next

  7. Synchrotron radiation applications in medical research at Brookhaven National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Thomlinson, W.

    1997-08-01

    In the relatively short time that synchrotrons have been available to the scientific community, their characteristic beams of UV and X-ray radiation have been applied to virtually all areas of medical science which use ionizing radiation. The ability to tune intense monochromatic beams over wide energy ranges clearly differentiates these sources from standard clinical and research tools. The tunable spectrum, high intrinsic collimation of the beams, polarization and intensity of the beams make possible in-vitro and in-vivo research and therapeutic programs not otherwise possible. From the beginning of research operation at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), many programs have been carrying out basic biomedical research. At first, the research was limited to in-vitro programs such as the x-ray microscope, circular dichroism, XAFS, protein crystallography, micro-tomography and fluorescence analysis. Later, as the coronary angiography program made plans to move its experimental phase from SSRL to the NSLS, it became clear that other in-vivo projects could also be carried out at the synchrotron. The development of SMERF (Synchrotron Medical Research Facility) on beamline X17 became the home not only for angiography but also for the MECT (Multiple Energy Computed Tomography) project for cerebral and vascular imaging. The high energy spectrum on X17 is necessary for the MRT (Microplanar Radiation Therapy) experiments. Experience with these programs and the existence of the Medical Programs Group at the NSLS led to the development of a program in synchrotron based mammography. A recent adaptation of the angiography hardware has made it possible to image human lungs (bronchography). Fig. 1 schematically depicts the broad range of active programs at the NSLS.

  8. Two h-Index Benchmarks for Evaluating the Publication Performance of Medical Informatics Researchers

    PubMed Central

    Arbuckle, Luk; Jonker, Elizabeth; Anderson, Kevin

    2012-01-01

    Background The h-index is a commonly used metric for evaluating the publication performance of researchers. However, in a multidisciplinary field such as medical informatics, interpreting the h-index is a challenge because researchers tend to have diverse home disciplines, ranging from clinical areas to computer science, basic science, and the social sciences, each with different publication performance profiles. Objective To construct a reference standard for interpreting the h-index of medical informatics researchers based on the performance of their peers. Methods Using a sample of authors with articles published over the 5-year period 2006–2011 in the 2 top journals in medical informatics (as determined by impact factor), we computed their h-index using the Scopus database. Percentiles were computed to create a 6-level benchmark, similar in scheme to one used by the US National Science Foundation, and a 10-level benchmark. Results The 2 benchmarks can be used to place medical informatics researchers in an ordered category based on the performance of their peers. A validation exercise mapped the benchmark levels to the ranks of medical informatics academic faculty in the United States. The 10-level benchmark tracked academic rank better (with no ties) and is therefore more suitable for practical use. Conclusions Our 10-level benchmark provides an objective basis to evaluate and compare the publication performance of medical informatics researchers with that of their peers using the h-index. PMID:23079075

  9. 479Program of Medical Laboratory Sciences Undergraduate Catalogue 201314

    E-print Network

    Shihadeh, Alan

    , antigens, antibodies, and complement system, as well as basic principles in blood banking and transfusion medicine. First semester. #12;480 Program of Medical Laboratory Sciences Undergraduate Catalogue 2013

  10. Designing medical informatics research and library--resource projects to increase what is learned.

    PubMed Central

    Stead, W W; Haynes, R B; Fuller, S; Friedman, C P; Travis, L E; Beck, J R; Fenichel, C H; Chandrasekaran, B; Buchanan, B G; Abola, E E

    1994-01-01

    Careful study of medical informatics research and library-resource projects is necessary to increase the productivity of the research and development enterprise. Medical informatics research projects can present unique problems with respect to evaluation. It is not always possible to adapt directly the evaluation methods that are commonly employed in the natural and social sciences. Problems in evaluating medical informatics projects may be overcome by formulating system development work in terms of a testable hypothesis; subdividing complex projects into modules, each of which can be developed, tested and evaluated rigorously; and utilizing qualitative studies in situations where more definitive quantitative studies are impractical. PMID:7719785

  11. Social science education as a component of medical training

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. M. MacLeod; H. N. McCullough

    1994-01-01

    The broad view of health espoused by the World Health Organization is now generally accepted by medical educators. Implicit in the new paradigm is a recognition of multiple determinants of health and of shifting divisions of professional responsibilities among providers. As a consequence, the importance of social and behavioural science education as a foundation to medical training is increasingly appreciated.

  12. Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and 'CoI consultancy'.

    PubMed

    Charlton, Bruce G

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, the perception has grown that conflicts of interest are having a detrimental effect on medical science as it influences health policy and clinical practice, leading medical journals to enforce self-declaration of potential biases in the attempt to counteract or compensate for the problem. Conflict of interest (CoI) declarations have traditionally been considered inappropriate in pure science since its evaluation systems themselves constitute a mechanism for eliminating the effect of individual biases. Pure science is primarily evaluated by 'peer usage', in which scientific information is 'replicated' by being incorporated in the work of other scientists, and tested by further observation of the natural world. Over the long-term, the process works because significant biases impair the quality of science, and bad science tends to be neglected or refuted. However, scientific evaluation operates slowly over years and decades, and only a small proportion of published work is ever actually evaluated. But most of modern medical science no longer conforms to the model of pure science, and may instead be conceptualized as a system of 'applied' science having different aims and evaluation processes. The aim of applied medical science is to solve pre-specified problems, and to provide scientific information ready for implementation immediately following publication. The primary evaluation process of applied science is peer review, not peer usage. Peer review is much more rapid (with a timescale of weeks or months) and cheaper than peer usage and (consequently) has a much wider application: peer review is a prospective validation while peer usage is retrospective. Since applied science consists of incremental advances on existing knowledge achieved using established techniques, its results can usually be reliably evaluated by peer review. However, despite its considerable convenience, peer review has significant limitations related to its reliance on opinion. One major limitation of peer review has proved to be its inability to deal with conflicts of interest, especially in a 'big science' context when prestigious scientists may have similar biases, and conflicts of interest are widely shared among peer reviewers. When applied medical science has been later checked against the slower but more valid processes of peer usage, it seems that reliance on peer review may allow damaging distortions to become 'locked-in' to clinical practice and health policy for considerable periods. Scientific progress is generally underpinned by increasing specialization. Medical journals should specialize in the communication of scientific information, and they have neither the resources nor the motivation to investigate and measure conflicts of interest. Effectively dealing with the problem of conflicts of interest in applied medical science firstly requires a more explicit demarcation between the communications media of pure medical science and applied medical science. Greater specialization of these activities would then allow distinctive aims and evaluation systems to evolve with the expectation of improved performance in both pure and applied systems. In future, applied medical science should operate with an assumption of bias, with the onus of proof on applied medical scientists to facilitate the 'data transparency' necessary to validate their research. Journals of applied medical science will probably require more rigorous processes of peer review than at present, since their publications are intended to be ready for implementation. But since peer review does not adequately filter-out conflicts of interest in applied medical science, there is a need for the evolution of specialist post-publication institutional mechanisms. The suggested solution is to encourage the establishment of independent 'CoI consultancy' services, whose role would be to evaluate conflicts of interest and other biases in published applied medical science prior to their implementation. Such services would be paid-for by the groups who intend to implement appl

  13. Medical Research | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePLUS

    ... page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Medical Research Research Results in the News: A Users Guide Past Issues / ... the laboratory, in animals, or in people? The results of research in people are more likely to be meaningful ...

  14. Reform in medical and health sciences educational system: a Delphi study of faculty members' views at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

    PubMed

    Salehi, A; Harris, N; Lotfi, F; Hashemi, N; Kojouri, J; Amini, M

    2014-03-01

    Despite the strengths in the Iranian medical and health sciences educational system, areas in need of improvement have been noted. The purpose of this study was to understand the views of faculty members at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences about current and future needs for medical and health sciences education, with the goal of improving the quality of the educational system. The data were collected using a Delphi consensus method. Analysis of the findings identified the following key themes among the factors likely to contribute to medical and health sciences education and training: adding and/or increasing student numbers in higher degrees in preference to associate degrees; providing more interactive, student-centred teaching methods; improving the educational content with more practical and research-based courses tailored to society's needs; and an emphasis on outcome-based student evaluation techniques. These changes aim to respond to health trends in society and enhance the close relationship between medical education and the needs of the Iranian society. PMID:24950072

  15. The secure medical research workspace: an IT infrastructure to enable secure research on clinical data.

    PubMed

    Shoffner, Michael; Owen, Phillips; Mostafa, Javed; Lamm, Brent; Wang, Xiaoshu; Schmitt, Charles P; Ahalt, Stanley C

    2013-06-01

    Clinical data have tremendous value for translational research, but only if security and privacy concerns can be addressed satisfactorily. A collaboration of clinical and informatics teams, including RENCI, NC TraCS, UNC's School of Information and Library Science, Information Technology Service's Research Computing and other partners at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed a system called the Secure Medical Research Workspace (SMRW) that enables researchers to use clinical data securely for research. SMRW significantly minimizes the risk presented when using identified clinical data, thereby protecting patients, researchers, and institutions associated with the data. The SMRW is built on a novel combination of virtualization and data leakage protection and can be combined with other protection methodologies and scaled to production levels. PMID:23751029

  16. 76 FR 71982 - Advancing Regulatory Science for Highly Multiplexed Microbiology/Medical Countermeasure Devices...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-21

    ...Regulatory Science for Highly Multiplexed Microbiology/ Medical Countermeasure Devices...Regulatory Science for Highly Multiplexed Microbiology/ Medical Countermeasure Devices...performance evaluation of highly multiplexed microbiology/medical countermeasure (MCM)...

  17. Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Medical Sciences Division report for 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Snyder, F.; Poston, S.; Engle, J. [eds.

    1995-08-01

    The primary mission of the Medical Sciences Division is (1) to conduct basic and applied biomedical research on human health related to energy systems, (2) to provide technical assistance and training in occupational and environmental medicine, and (3) to make related biomedical applications available to others through technology transfer. As can be gleaned from this report, the strengths and capabilities of their staff in carrying out this mission are closely aligned with the four core competencies of ORISE: (1) occupational and environmental health, (2) environmental and safety evaluation and analysis, (3) education and training, and (4) enabling research. Brief descriptions of the various scientific and technical programs and their progress, as well as the staff responsible for the accomplishments made during 1994, are presented in this report. Research programs include the following: biochemistry; cytogenetics; Center for Epidemiologic Research; Center for Human Reliability Studies; occupational medicine; Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site; and Radiation Internal Dose Information Center.

  18. Taking an academic medical center to the market. Albany Medical campaign stresses education, research, care.

    PubMed

    Rees, T

    1998-01-01

    A major regional academic health sciences center in the Northeast prepares a major marketing campaign that would enhance awareness and dramatically distinguish the Medical Center from its major competition and increase revenue streams through higher market share. PMID:10179506

  19. Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Mathematical sciences research

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    and sophisticated quality management systems ­ all made possible by superior research and training in mathematics used in a range of activities, goods and services, such as mobile telecommunications and medical devices. Economic impact The report, which EPSRC commissioned working with UK learned societies

  20. Interdisciplinary Science Research and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacKinnon, P. J.; Hine, D.; Barnard, R. T.

    2013-01-01

    Science history shows us that interdisciplinarity is a spontaneous process that is intrinsic to, and engendered by, research activity. It is an activity that is done rather than an object to be designed and constructed. We examine three vignettes from the history of science that display the interdisciplinary process at work and consider the…

  1. National Research NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    546.7 P634v C95 1 National Academy of Sciences National Research B Council I NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES.PIJCK Laboratory for Analytical Chemistry University of Ghent Belgium January1960 SEP 131960 pRoPERm G =-g ·~ Sb representgovernment,industrial,and universitylaboratoriesin the areas of nuclear chemistry and analytical chemistry

  2. Biomedical research: its mission within the French Military Medical Service.

    PubMed

    Binder, P

    1999-05-01

    The French Military Medical Service is organized as a distinct corps to support Army, Navy, and Air Force operations. This complex mission is accomplished through five operational components: (1) direct medical support of the force units; (2) hospital nursing and expertise; (3) biomedical research; (4) biomedical training; and (5) medical supply. Additionally, the French Military Medical Service is committed to humanitarian and civil medical support. Advanced biomedical research, particularly on infectious diseases and treatment of injuries, is actively pursued. Fundamental and applied research is needed to anticipate potential threats and improve medical support and care of French forces. The importance of biomedical research was recognized as necessary to develop technological improvements in rescue operations and to provide the military command with scientifically based advice. Biomedical military research has often been the engine of progress in medicine and surgery. Chief among those developments has been a special emphasis on infectious diseases and wound treatment. PMID:10332173

  3. Building safer systems by ecological design: using restoration science to develop a medication safety intervention

    PubMed Central

    Marck, P B; Kwan, J A; Preville, B; Reynes, M; Morgan?Eckley, W; Versluys, R; Chivers, L; O'Brien, B; Van der Zalm, J; Swankhuizen, M; Majumdar, S R

    2006-01-01

    Background Experts call for stronger safety cultures and transparent reporting practices to increase medication safety in today's strained healthcare environments. The field of ecological restoration is concerned with the effective, efficient, and sustainable repair and recovery of ecosystems that have been degraded, damaged, or destroyed. A study was undertaken to determine whether the lessons of restoration science can be adapted to the study of medication safety issues. Methods Working with 26 practitioners, the principles of good restoration were used to design and pilot an innovative multifaceted medication safety intervention. The intervention included focus groups with practitioners, the construction and administration of a research based medication safety inventory, repeat digital photography of environmental safety issues, and targeted environmental modifications. Results Participants were most concerned about staff education and the physical environment for medication administration. Ward staff used the research to build a healthy reporting culture, introduce regular discussions of near misses, develop education strategies, redesign delivery and storage processes, and renovate the environment. Conclusions Members of a busy hospital ward successfully adapted methods of restoration science to study, redesign, and strengthen medication safety practices and ward safety culture within existing resources. Further research will be conducted to test the merits of restoration science for health care. PMID:16585107

  4. Cooperative research in space sciences

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    This grant covered the period from July 1989 through September 30, 1995. The research covered a number of topics in the general area of space science. Specific research topics included: (1) Solar astronomy - largely in support of the Ulysses project; (2) Space Science - largely in support of instrumentation for several NASA satellite projects; (3) Cometary astronomy; and (4) Planetary Astronomy - largely supporting the NASA Infrared Heterodyne instrument.

  5. Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Food Science (Includes Pre-Medical/Dental Option)

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Chemical/Anal Prin Lab 2 ____ CHM 2230 Organic Chem Lab 2 _____ NFS 2210 Human Nutrition (221) 3 ____ NFS 2130 Intro Food Science (213) 3 _____ NFS 2220 Human Nutrition Lab 1 ____ NFS 2140 Intro Food ScienceBachelor of Science in Nutrition and Food Science (Includes Pre-Medical/Dental Option) Suggested

  6. Education and research in medical optronics in France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demongeot, Jacques; Fleute, M.; Herve, T.; Lavallee, Stephane

    2000-06-01

    First we present here the main post-graduate courses proposed in France both for physicians and engineers in medical optronics. After we explain which medical domains are concerned by this teaching, essentially computer assisted surgery, telemedicine and functional exploration. Then we show the main research axes in these fields, in which new jobs have to be invented and new educational approaches have to be prepared in order to satisfy the demand coming both from hospitals (mainly referent hospitals) and from industry (essentially medical imaging and instrumentation companies). Finally we will conclude that medical optronics is an important step in an entire chain of acquisition and processing of medical data, capable to create the medical knowledge a surgeon or a physician needs for diagnosis or therapy purposes. Optimizing the teaching of medical optronics needs a complete integration from acquiring to modeling the medical reality. This tendency to give a holistic education in medical imaging and instrumentation is called `Model driven Acquisition' learning.

  7. Current research in computer science (Research Session)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John J. Donovan

    1972-01-01

    This is a feature session at ACM 72. At this session prominent and active people working in the area of computer science, its applications, or its supporting disciplines will state what they are doing, its importance to mankind, and its applications and prospects. The speakers will report on work in the following broad areas: artificial intelligence, industrial research, computer architecture,

  8. Barriers and challenges in researches by Iranian students of medical universities

    PubMed Central

    Anbari, Zohreh; Mohammadbeigi, Abolfazl; Jadidi, Rahmatollah

    2015-01-01

    Background: Health sciences research (HSR) is an essential part of improving health care which plays a critical role in the field of medicine and clinical practice. The aim of the current study was to assess barriers to the research by students of medical sciences as well as to find out effective strategies for management of student researches in Iranian universities. Materials and Methods: This study utilized a hybrid design with quantitative and qualitative analytical approaches conducted on 627 students in six schools of medical sciences in two universities in Central Province in Iran from April to December, 2012. Questionnaires were distributed among researcher and non-researcher students to find barriers to the research. These barriers were approved and validated by similar studies and strategies using the Delphi technique on 36 students. Results: The most important barriers among researcher students were institutional barriers (3.3 ± 1.3), but in non-researcher students they were individual barriers (3.6 ± 1.7). The majority of barriers to involvement in the research among researcher students appeared to be time, lack of access to electronic resources and prolongation of the process of buying equipment. In addition, the greatest barriers among non-researcher students included the lack of time, scientific writing skills, and access to trained assistants. Conclusion: The results showed the issue of attitudes towards compulsory research as a component of critical scholarship in the curriculum of medical courses. Moreover, employment of the research experts can be helpful for research training in schools of medical sciences. PMID:25878955

  9. 75 FR 65363 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ...of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Review of Minority Biomedical Research Neuro Grant Applications. Date: December 6, 2010. Time: 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

  10. 75 FR 63843 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-18

    ...of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Review of Minority Biomedical Research Neuro Grant Applications. Date: November 12, 2010. Time: 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

  11. The Integration of Behavioral Science Theory and Clinical Experience for Second-Year Medical Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Kathryn M.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    A program is described that relates behavioral science research to cancer care, encourages frank discussion and objective analysis of oncology practice, and attempts to dispell the myth that cancer patients are not medically manageable. A wide range of teaching methods are used. (MSE)

  12. Dissemination of Medical Information: Organizational and Technological Issues in Health Sciences Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roderer, Nancy K.

    1993-01-01

    Describes five programs that have been significant to the evolution of biomedical communications in health sciences libraries over the last twenty years: the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM); Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems (IAIMS); National Research and Education Network (NREN); Unified Medical Language System…

  13. Journal of Research in Science and Teaching

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Wiley

    This is the homepage for the Journal of Research in Science and Teaching, the official journal of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching. The site publishes reports for science education researchers and practitioners on such issues as science teaching and learning and science education policy.

  14. Development and Evaluation of the Habitat Demonstration Unit Medical Operations Workstation and Opportunities for Future Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, Robert L., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    As NASA develops missions to leave Earth orbit and explore distant destinations (Mars, Moon, Asteroids) it is necessary to rethink human spaceflight paradigms in the life sciences. Standards developed for low earth orbit human spaceflight may not be fully applicable and in-space research may be required to develop new standards. Preventative and emergency medical care may require new capabilities never before used in space. Due to spacecraft volume limitations, this work area may also be shared with various animal and plant life science research. This paper explores the prototype Medical Operations Workstation within the NASA Habitat Demonstration Unit and discusses some of the lessons learned from field analogue missions involving the workstation. Keywords: Exploration, medical, health, crew, injury emergency, biology, animal, plant, science, preventative, emergency.

  15. The Oral History Program: II. Personal views of health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association.

    PubMed Central

    McKenzie, D; Pifalo, V

    1998-01-01

    The Medical Library Association Oral History Program uses accepted oral history techniques to collect and preserve interviews with members. The original taped interviews and transcripts are kept in the Medical Library Association archives and made available for research purposes; edited copies of the interviews are distributed through the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, and members are encouraged to borrow and read the histories. Summaries of forty-three interviews provide personal views on health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association. PMID:9681172

  16. The Oral History Program: I. Personal views of health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association.

    PubMed Central

    McKenzie, D; Pifalo, V

    1998-01-01

    The Medical Library Association Oral History Program uses accepted oral history techniques to collect and preserve interviews with members. The original taped interviews and transcripts are kept in the Medical Library Association archives and made available for research purposes; edited copies of the interviews are distributed through the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, and members are encouraged to borrow and read the histories. Summaries of forty-three interviews provide personal views on health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association. PMID:9578936

  17. Development of a secure medical research environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Alaoui; B. Levine; K. Cleary; S. K. Mun

    2000-01-01

    The confidentiality of medical information, including patient data security, is an increasingly important issue in today's health care environment. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) requires the Department of Health and Human Services to create specific rules for managing the security and privacy of computer-based patient medical records. In November 1999, the Department of Health and

  18. Medical Informatics in Academic Health Science Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frisse, Mark E.

    1992-01-01

    An analysis of the state of medical informatics, the application of computer and information technology to biomedicine, looks at trends and concerns, including integration of traditionally distinct enterprises (clinical information systems, financial information, scholarly support activities, infrastructures); informatics career choice and…

  19. NASA's computer science research program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larsen, R. L.

    1983-01-01

    Following a major assessment of NASA's computing technology needs, a new program of computer science research has been initiated by the Agency. The program includes work in concurrent processing, management of large scale scientific databases, software engineering, reliable computing, and artificial intelligence. The program is driven by applications requirements in computational fluid dynamics, image processing, sensor data management, real-time mission control and autonomous systems. It consists of university research, in-house NASA research, and NASA's Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science (RIACS) and Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering (ICASE). The overall goal is to provide the technical foundation within NASA to exploit advancing computing technology in aerospace applications.

  20. Research in computer science

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ortega, J. M.

    1984-01-01

    The research efforts of University of Virginia students under a NASA sponsored program are summarized and the status of the program is reported. The research includes: testing method evaluations for N version programming; a representation scheme for modeling three dimensional objects; fault tolerant protocols for real time local area networks; performance investigation of Cyber network; XFEM implementation; and vectorizing incomplete Cholesky conjugate gradients.

  1. National Institute of General Medical Sciences

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    .......................................................................................................................11 3.0 Evaluation Design and Methodology of major biomedical research problems and facilitate the next evolutionary stage of integrative biomedical a more collaborative, interdisciplinary environment to advance research in key biomedical areas

  2. Research of Medication Use during Pregnancy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... treatment options. Learning the Effects of Medication during Pregnancy The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates ... http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/default.htm . Pregnancy Registries Drug companies sometimes conduct special studies using ...

  3. Modifying the Medical Research Council grading system through Rasch analyses.

    PubMed

    Vanhoutte, Els Karla; Faber, Catharina Gerritdina; van Nes, Sonja Ingrid; Jacobs, Bart Casper; van Doorn, Pieter Antoon; van Koningsveld, Rinske; Cornblath, David Reid; van der Kooi, Anneke Jelly; Cats, Elisabeth Aviva; van den Berg, Leonard Hendrik; Notermans, Nicolette Claudia; van der Pol, Willem Lodewijk; Hermans, Mieke Catharina Elisabeth; van der Beek, Nadine Anna Maria Elisabeth; Gorson, Kenneth Craig; Eurelings, Marijke; Engelsman, Jeroen; Boot, Hendrik; Meijer, Ronaldus Jacobus; Lauria, Giuseppe; Tennant, Alan; Merkies, Ingemar Sergio José

    2012-05-01

    The Medical Research Council grading system has served through decades for the evaluation of muscle strength and has been recognized as a cardinal feature of daily neurological, rehabilitation and general medicine examination of patients, despite being respectfully criticized due to the unequal width of its response options. No study has systematically examined, through modern psychometric approach, whether physicians are able to properly use the Medical Research Council grades. The objectives of this study were: (i) to investigate physicians' ability to discriminate among the Medical Research Council categories in patients with different neuromuscular disorders and with various degrees of weakness through thresholds examination using Rasch analysis as a modern psychometric method; (ii) to examine possible factors influencing physicians' ability to apply the Medical Research Council categories through differential item function analyses; and (iii) to examine whether the widely used Medical Research Council 12 muscles sum score in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy would meet Rasch model's expectations. A total of 1065 patients were included from nine cohorts with the following diseases: Guillain-Barré syndrome (n?=?480); myotonic dystrophy type-1 (n?=?169); chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (n?=?139); limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (n?=?105); multifocal motor neuropathy (n?=?102); Pompe's disease (n?=?62) and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined related polyneuropathy (n?=?8). Medical Research Council data of 72 muscles were collected. Rasch analyses were performed on Medical Research Council data for each cohort separately and after pooling data at the muscle level to increase category frequencies, and on the Medical Research Council sum score in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Disordered thresholds were demonstrated in 74-79% of the muscles examined, indicating physicians' inability to discriminate between most Medical Research Council categories. Factors such as physicians' experience or illness type did not influence these findings. Thresholds were restored after rescoring the Medical Research Council grades from six to four options (0, paralysis; 1, severe weakness; 2, slight weakness; 3, normal strength). The Medical Research Council sum score acceptably fulfilled Rasch model expectations after rescoring the response options and creating subsets to resolve local dependency and item bias on diagnosis. In conclusion, a modified, Rasch-built four response category Medical Research Council grading system is proposed, resolving clinicians' inability to differentiate among its original response categories and improving clinical applicability. A modified Medical Research Council sum score at the interval level is presented and is recommended for future studies in Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. PMID:22189568

  4. Pre-Medical Education in the Physical Sciences for Tomorrow's Physicians

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Long, Sharon

    2009-05-01

    Medical knowledge is being transformed by instrumentation advances and by research results including genomic and population level studies; at the same time, though, the premedical curriculum is constrained by a relatively unchanging overall content in the MCAT examination, which inhibits innovation on undergraduate science education. A committee convened jointly by the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute has examined the science and mathematics competencies that the graduating physician will need, and has asked which of these should be achieved during undergraduate study. The recommendations emphasize competency -- what the learner should be able to ``do'' at the end of the learning experience -- rather than dictating specific courses. Because the scientific content of modern medical practice is evolving, new science competencies are desirable for the entering medical student. An example is statistics, an increasingly prominent foundation for database and genomic analysis but which is not yet uniformly recommended as preparation for medical school. On the other hand, the committee believes that the value of a broad liberal arts education is enduring, and science coursework should not totally consume a premedical student's time. Thus if we recommend new areas of science and mathematics competency for pre-meds, we must find other areas that can be trimmed or combined. Indeed, at present there are some science topics mandated for premedical study, which may not be essential. For these reasons, the committee aims to state premedical recommendations in ways that can be met either through traditional disciplinary courses, or through innovative and/or interdisciplinary courses. Finally, we acknowledge that practice of medicine requires grounding in scientific principles and knowledge and in the practice of critical inquiry. These principles may be learned and practiced in undergraduate study through work in the physical sciences, as well as in biology, and such multidisciplinary training should be encouraged.

  5. Maria Mayorga, Medical Researcher, 1952-present

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Marsha L Matyas (American Physiological Society Education)

    2007-01-01

    This biography and associated teaching material is part of a book of 20 life sciences modules designed to increase students' exposure both to female science role models and to hands-on, inquiry approach activities, as recommended by the National Science Education Standards. Modules are designed to drop easily into middle and high school life sciences curricula, not to "add on." Each module includes: a brief biography of a female science role model and hands-on, inquiry approach, and/or problem-solving life sciences activities with a multidisciplinary focus. Role models include both contemporary and historical women, women of color, and women with physical disabilities. Each activity is related to the work of the role model. Activity format includes suggestions for teachers, assessment ideas, and handouts for students.

  6. Research priorities in medical education in the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

    PubMed

    Amini, M; Kojuri, J; Lotfi, F; Karimian, Z; Abadi, A S H

    2012-07-01

    Ways are needed to effect quality improvement in medical education research in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). This study aimed to determine the principle themes and to draw up a list of priorities in medical education research in EMR. Using the nominal group technique with a group of 30 experts, a list of major themes in medical education research was prepared. In a 2-round Delphi survey the list was sent to another 47 experts in the Region with a questionnaire that included open questions about change and reform in medical education. In the final list of 20, the 5 highest priorities identified were: training physicians to be effective teachers; community-driven models for curriculum development; clinical teaching models; education about professionalism and ethics; and education for evidence-based medicine. Themes determined by this survey can help researchers in EMR to focus on priority areas in research. PMID:22891514

  7. Emerging medical informatics research trends detection based on MeSH terms.

    PubMed

    Lyu, Peng-Hui; Yao, Qiang; Mao, Jin; Zhang, Shi-Jing

    2014-09-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze the research trends of medical informatics over the last 12 years. A new method based on MeSH terms was proposed to identify emerging topics and trends of medical informatics research. Informetric methods and visualization technologies were applied to investigate research trends of medical informatics. The metric of perspective factor (PF) embedding MeSH terms was appropriately employed to assess the perspective quality for journals. The emerging MeSH terms have changed dramatically over the last 12 years, identifying two stages of medical informatics: the "medical imaging stage" and the "medical informatics stage". The focus of medical informatics has shifted from acquisition and storage of healthcare data by integrating computational, informational, cognitive and organizational sciences to semantic analysis for problem solving and clinical decision-making. About 30 core journals were determined by Bradford's Law in the last 3 years in this area. These journals, with high PF values, have relative high perspective quality and lead the trend of medical informatics. PMID:25188551

  8. Why study Medical Sciences at the University of Edinburgh?

    E-print Network

    Schnaufer, Achim

    employment options. There is a dedicated virtual learning environment, the Edinburgh Medical Sciences disciplines of human anatomy, immunology, microbiology, neuroscience, pathology, physiology, and pharmacology, thereby providing a platform for the Junior and Senior Honours years. Anatomy & Pathology 2 is a programme

  9. Problem-Based Learning Case Writing in Medical Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agbor-Baiyee, William

    It is common practice in problem-based learning for students to solve cases developed by faculty. Rare is the practice of creating learning environments in which students construct their own cases. This paper examines the design and implementation of a 15-week problem-based learning writing course for graduate students in medical science. The…

  10. Literature search for a Systematic Review Library of Medical Sciences

    E-print Network

    van Suijlekom, Walter

    Literature search for a Systematic Review Library of Medical Sciences www protocol? see Step-by-step (1) 3. How many weeks are available for searching, processing, selecting, please mention the reference or attach it to this form 5. Which databases do you wish to search? see Step

  11. Materials Science Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Workman, Gary L.; Rathz, Tom

    1995-01-01

    Microgravity materials processing experiments provide an opportunity to perform scientific research in an environment which allows one to observe various phenomena without the masking effects of gravity-driven convective flows, buoyancy, or contaminating influences of walled containers. Even for the most experienced scientists, it is still difficult to predict beforehand, whether or not microgravity experimentation can be successfully performed in space and achieve solutions to problems which are not attainable in 1 g. Consequently, experimentation in ground based facilities which are capable of simulating, in somewhat lesser time frames and to a lesser degree of microgravity, provides a unique low-cost approach to determine the feasibility of continuing research in a particular experiment. The utilization of these facilities in developing the full requirements for a space experiment does present a very cost-effective approach to microgravity experimentation. The Drop Tube Facility at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) provides an excellent test bed for containerless processing experiments such as described here. These facilities have demonstrated for a number of years the capability to develop insight into space experiments involving containerless processing, rapid solidification, and wetting phenomena through the use of lower-cost ground facilities. Once sufficient data has been obtained, then a space-based experiment can be better defined.

  12. Master of Science Translational Research

    E-print Network

    Bushman, Frederic

    Master of Science Translational Research Emma A. Meagher, MD Program Director emma@upenn.edu #12 · J Craniofac Surg. MD-MTR Graduates - Outcomes #12;12 MTR Contact Information Emma A. Meagher, MD emma@upenn.edu Megan Maxwell Program Coordinator 215-349-8627 ITMATEd@mail.med.upenn.edu Visit website

  13. Research Ideas for Science Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goyal, K. C.; Swami, Piyush

    This book was developed for use in India and is adapted from "Ideas for Science Investigations" by Victor M. Showalter and Irwin L. Slesnick. It is a source book of ideas for student research projects. Three model projects are described, illustrating different approaches taken by three students to the investigation of the rise of sap in plants.…

  14. [Medical informatics in research, teaching and patient management].

    PubMed

    Adlassnig, K P

    1995-01-01

    The field of medical informatics in its current understanding is defined and criteria distinguishing this field from similar areas are provided. Special consideration is given to its position at a School of Medicine - in particular to the University of Vienna Medical School with the Vienna General Hospital as its teaching hospital. Demands for medical informatics and electronic data processing (EDP) in this extended field of activity come from four different sources: (1) research in medical informatics, (2) teaching of medical informatics as well as EDP training, (3) EDP service for research and teaching, and (4) EDP hospital operations to assist patient care. (Purely administrative EDP demands are not considered here.) It is shown that the different demands can be fulfilled by the usually available institutions involved in medical informatics and EDP at a School of Medicine. At many places these institutions are as follows: (1) a department or division of medical informatics with a possibly attached computer center dedicated to provide assistance in the area of research and teaching, (2) the computer center of the respective university the School of Medicine belongs to, (3) the computer center of the hospital-owned institution responsible for all EDP activities connected to patient care, and (4) external software companies and EDP training centers. To succeed in the development of an exhaustive, school-wide system of medical informatics and EDP that considers the different demands in research, teaching, and EDP hospital operations equally, close and well-suited coordination between the institutions involved is necessary. PMID:7871786

  15. Barriers to adherence with glaucoma medications: a qualitative research study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Lacey; H Cate; D C Broadway

    2009-01-01

    PurposeGlaucoma is initially asymptomatic, but untreated can result in progressive visual field loss and eventual blindness. With adequate therapy progression can be halted, but poor adherence with medical therapy is a significant issue requiring further research. The aim of the present study was to gain a better understanding of the obstacles to, and the motivations for, adherence with glaucoma medication

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Probable medications overuse headaches

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Probable medications overuse headaches: validation of a brief easy-to-use screening tool in a headache centre Virginie Dousset1* , Martial Maud1 , Mélanie Legoff2 , Françoise Radat1-II for medication overuse headache (MOH) requires experience for the physician and is time-consuming. Methods: ICHD

  17. Study for Teaching Behavioral Sciences in Schools of Medicine, Volume III: Behavioral Science Perspectives in Medical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Sociological Association, Washington, DC. Medical Sociology Council.

    Volume III of a study of teaching behavioral sciences in medical school presents perspectives on medical behavioral science from the viewpoints of the several behavioral disciplines (anthropology, psychology, sociology, political science, economics, behavioral biology and medical education). In addition, there is a discussion of translating…

  18. Behavioral science offerings of selected U.S. medical schools

    PubMed Central

    Hurster, Madeline

    1981-01-01

    As part of the planning for a medical school to be situated in Queens County, N.Y., a questionnaire was sent to 50 randomly drawn U.S. medical schools to gather information on the behavioral science segment in their curriculums. Behavioral science courses comprised part of the curriculums of all 23 responding schools and were most often based in the departments of psychiatry and departments of community medicine. Physicians and behavioral scientists appeared to be equally involved in teaching them. Lecture-discussion, small group discussion, and case study were the teaching methods most often used singly. The most popular combination method was lecture-discussion with case study, followed by small group discussion with lecture-discussion. Behavioral scientists seemed to favor lecture-discussions and physicians, small group discussions, but the difference was not statistically significant. Most of the behavioral science courses were offered in the first and second years of medical school. The number of both the elective and required behavioral science courses peaked in the first year and then dropped off sharply in each successive year. These courses were also longest in the first year and became shorter in each successive year. Perceptions of the effectiveness of the behavioral science courses seemed to depend upon the respondent's primary professional orientation. Respondents who were behavioral scientists seemed to view the impact of the courses as negligible, whereas physicians had a more favorable view of their impact. Imagesp173-a PMID:7208803

  19. Faculty of Science AWARD for RESEARCH EXCELLENCE

    E-print Network

    Pedersen, Tom

    Faculty of Science AWARD for RESEARCH EXCELLENCE The Faculty of Science annually presents one "Award for Research Excellence". Purpose This award recognizes and rewards excellence in research for Research Excellence in the Faculty of Science consists of a commemorative plaque and a cash prize of $1000

  20. November 2010 UK Mathematical Sciences Research

    E-print Network

    Dixon, Peter

    1 November 2010 UK Mathematical Sciences ­ Research and Teaching in Symbiosis A position paper;2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. The UK's mathematical sciences research base is strong. About 50% of research activity in the mathematical sciences was rated as internationally excellent or world-leading in Research Assessment Exercise

  1. Corporate Disguises in Medical Science: Dodging the Interest Repertoire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sismondo, Sergio

    2011-01-01

    Roughly 40% of the sizeable medical research and literature on recently approved drugs is "ghost managed" by the pharmaceutical industry and its agents. Research is performed and articles are written by companies and their agents, though apparently independent academics serve as authors on the publications. Similarly, the industry hires academic…

  2. Interior, looking corridor connecting 511 to 515 into Medical Research ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior, looking corridor connecting 511 to 515 into Medical Research Library in 516. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Central Service Building, North of Building No. 511, East of corridor connecting Building 511 to Building 515, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  3. Then & Now: Medical Research Pays Off for All Americans

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Issues Then & Now Medical Research Pays Off for All Americans Past Issues / Fall 2007 Table of Contents ... which afflict tens of millions of Americans of all ages. William Howard Taft—Then & Now Taft's Condition ...

  4. Health Services Researcher in Oncology, Assistant Professor, Medical Center Line

    E-print Network

    Ford, James

    Health Services Researcher in Oncology, Assistant Professor, Medical Center Line Division of Oncology, Department of Medicine The Division of Oncology in the Department of Medicine at Stanford University is recruiting

  5. Assessment of Research Quality Research in Veterinary Sciences

    E-print Network

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Assessment of Research Quality Research in Veterinary Sciences Utrecht University March 2006 #12;Title: Assessment of Research Quality Research in Veterinary Sciences Utrecht University Board.1 The Dutch System for Quality Assessments of Research 6 1.2 The Review Committee for Research in Veterinary

  6. Nuclear Medical Science Officers: Army Health Physicists Serving and Defending Their Country Around the Globe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melanson, Mark; Bosley, William; Santiago, Jodi; Hamilton, Daniel

    2010-02-01

    Tracing their distinguished history back to the Manhattan Project that developed the world's first atomic bomb, the Nuclear Medical Science Officers are the Army's experts on radiation and its health effects. Serving around the globe, these commissioned Army officers serve as military health physicists that ensure the protection of Soldiers and those they defend against all sources of radiation, military and civilian. This poster will highlight the various roles and responsibilities that Nuclear Medical Science Officers fill in defense of the Nation. Areas where these officers serve include medical health physics, deployment health physics, homeland defense, emergency response, radiation dosimetry, radiation research and training, along with support to the Army's corporate radiation safety program and international collaborations. The poster will also share some of the unique military sources of radiation such as depleted uranium, which is used as an anti-armor munition and in armor plating because of its unique metallurgic properties. )

  7. [Ethics and medical research: principles, guidelines, and regulations].

    PubMed

    de Castilho, Euclides Ayres; Kalil, Jorge

    2005-01-01

    The issue of ethics in medical research grew in importance at the end of World War II, after the Nuremberg Code. In this period, some cases in the United States had demonstrated the need for the establishment of rules and procedures in medical research. In this article, the authors discuss some ethical concepts and their philosophical basis, stressing aspects related to research. Ethics in medical research is based upon three items: peer approaches, subject informed consent, and confidentiality of individual obtained data. The authors also summarize the Brazilian laws and directives to follow the precepts and to control the process of ethical issues in research with human participants. Finally, they approach practical questions of the Informed Consent Form as a consequence of their experiences analyzing more than one thousand research projects per year as members of the Internal Review Board of the University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil. PMID:16082484

  8. Reference earth orbital research and applications investigations (blue book). Volume 8: Life sciences

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1971-01-01

    The functional program element for the life sciences facilities to operate aboard manned space stations is presented. The life sciences investigations will consist of the following subjects: (1) medical research, (2) vertebrate research, (3) plant research, (4) cells and tissue research, (5) invertebrate research, (6) life support and protection, and (7) man-system integration. The equipment required to provide the desired functional capability for the research facilities is defined. The goals and objectives of each research facility are described.

  9. Human Research Program Exploration Medical Capability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barsten, Kristina

    2010-01-01

    NASA s Human Research Program (HRP) conducts and coordinates research projects that provide human health and performance countermeasures, knowledge, technologies, and tools to enable safe, reliable, and productive human space exploration. The Program is divided into 6 major elements, which a) Provide the Program s knowledge and capabilities to conduct research, addressing the human health and performance risks. b) Advance the readiness levels of technology and countermeasures to the point of transfer to the customer programs and organizations. The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) is a partner with the HRP in developing a successful research program. 3

  10. Preparing a Manuscript for Submission to the Journal of the International Association of Medical Science Educators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David L. McWhorter; Jean-François Bertholon; David L. Bolender; Jennifer Brueckner; John R. Cotter; Carlos A. Feldstein; E. Pat Finnerty; Douglas J. Gould

    The objective of this paper is to address one of the primary reasons that manuscripts are rejected for publication in the Journal of the International Association of Medical Science Educators (JIAMSE), poor manuscript writing. One of the primary goals of the International Association of Medical Science Educators (IAMSE) annual meeting is to improve the way we teach medical science students.

  11. Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree)

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science ­ Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree) ­ Bachelor of Radiologic Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-FRAS] Regional College Catalog Year: 2012 Sectional Anatomy in Medical Imaging 3 C #12;Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science ­ Diagnostic Medical

  12. Histopathology slides from medical research to medical practice in interwar Strasbourg.

    PubMed

    Close-Koenig, Tricia

    2013-01-01

    Histopathologists have been interested in cancer since the beginning of cellular theory. Rudolf Virchow and Julius Cohnheim defined cancer as a disease due to specific changes in tissues; cancer was thus considered a "pathologist's disease." Virchow emphasized the principles of biopsy and its value in the diagnosis of malignant tumours, but he himself did not promote it as an instrument for diagnosis. In the nineteenth century, in fact, cancer was a pathologists' disease in research only, not in diagnosis. By the mid-twentieth century, pathologists figured in medical practice as mediators between alternative therapeutic solutions. Histopathology entered a new arena, medical practice. In this paper, the process through which microscope slides moved from histopathology research to medical practice will be explored in detail with the aim of understanding how medical research integrates routine medical practices. The quasi-inherent character of scientific knowledge as relevant to medical practice is not taken for granted here. Through a study of medical school laboratory records from the interwar period in Strasbourg, I argue that pathologists could direct patients to specific forms of therapy on the basis of microscopic slides of cancer cells because they had defined (and re-defined) cancers by contributing to establishing radiation therapy practices. PMID:24779106

  13. Categorising computer science education research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Joy; Jane Sinclair; Shanghua Sun; Jirarat Sitthiworachart; Javier López-González

    2009-01-01

    The interdisciplinary nature of Computer Science Education as a field of study is a complicating factor when authors are choosing\\u000a appropriate journals and conferences for publishing research results. This paper reports a survey of 42 such publications\\u000a in order to identify the types of paper frequently accepted for publication in each. We review existing taxonomies developed\\u000a for the general fields

  14. The Stanford Medical Youth Science Program: Educational and Science-Related Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crump, Casey; Ned, Judith; Winkleby, Marilyn A.

    2015-01-01

    Biomedical preparatory programs (pipeline programs) have been developed at colleges and universities to better prepare youth for entering science- and health-related careers, but outcomes of such programs have seldom been rigorously evaluated. We conducted a matched cohort study to evaluate the Stanford Medical Youth Science Program's Summer…

  15. Quality of publication ethics in the instructions to the authors of Iranian journals of medical sciences.

    PubMed

    Salamat, Fatemeh; Sobhani, Abdol-Rasoul; Mallaei, Mahin

    2013-03-01

    Providing a perfect instruction to authors can prevent most potential publication ethics errors. This study was conducted to determine the quality of ethical considerations in the instructions to the authors of Iranian research scientific journals of medical sciences (accredited by the Commission for Accreditation and Improvement of Iranian Medical Journals) in October 2011. Checklist items (n=15) were extracted from the national manual of ethics in medical research publications, and the validity of the manual of ethics was assessed. All the accredited Iranian journals of medical sciences (n=198) were entered into the study. The instructions to the authors of 160 accredited Iranian journals were available online and were reviewed. The ANOVA and Kendall Correlation coefficient were performed to analyze the results. A total of 76 (47.5%) of the 160 journals were in English and 84 (52.5%) were in Farsi. The most frequently mentioned items related to publication ethics comprised "commitment not to send manuscripts to other journals and re-publish manuscripts" (85%, 83.8%), "aim and scope" of the journal (81.9%), "principles of medical ethics in the use of human samples" (74.4%), and "review process" (74.4%). On the other hand, the items of "principles of advertising" (1.2%), "authorship criteria" (15%), and "integrity in publication of clinical trial results" (30.6%) were the least frequently mentioned ones. Based on the study findings, the quality of publication ethics, as instructed to the authors, can improve the quality of the journals. PMID:23645959

  16. NASA technology utilization applications. [transfer of medical sciences

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    The work is reported from September 1972 through August 1973 by the Technology Applications Group of the Science Communication Division (SCD), formerly the Biological Sciences Communication Project (BSCP) in the Department of Medical and Public Affairs of the George Washington University. The work was supportive of many aspects of the NASA Technology Utilization program but in particular those dealing with Biomedical and Technology Application Teams, Applications Engineering projects, new technology reporting and documentation and transfer activities. Of particular interest are detailed reports on the progress of various hardware projects, and suggestions and criteria for the evaluation of candidate hardware projects. Finally some observations about the future expansion of the TU program are offered.

  17. Medical students as human subjects in educational research

    PubMed Central

    Sarpel, Umut; Hopkins, Mary Ann; More, Frederick; Yavner, Steven; Pusic, Martin; Nick, Michael W.; Song, Hyuksoon; Ellaway, Rachel; Kalet, Adina L.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Special concerns often arise when medical students are themselves the subjects of education research. A recently completed large, multi-center randomized controlled trial of computer-assisted learning modules for surgical clerks provided the opportunity to explore the perceived level of risk of studies where medical students serve as human subjects by reporting on: 1) the response of Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) at seven institutions to the same study protocol; and 2) the thoughts and feelings of students across study sites about being research subjects. Methods From July 2009 to August 2010, all third-year medical students at seven collaborating institutions were eligible to participate. Patterns of IRB review of the same protocol were compared. Participation burden was calculated in terms of the time spent interacting with the modules. Focus groups were conducted with medical students at each site. Transcripts were coded by three independent reviewers and analyzed using Atlas.ti. Results The IRBs at the seven participating institutions granted full (n=1), expedited (n=4), or exempt (n=2) review of the WISE Trial protocol. 995 (73% of those eligible) consented to participate, and 207 (20%) of these students completed all outcome measures. The average time to complete the computer modules and associated measures was 175 min. Common themes in focus groups with participant students included the desire to contribute to medical education research, the absence of coercion to consent, and the low-risk nature of the research. Discussion Our findings demonstrate that risk assessment and the extent of review utilized for medical education research vary among IRBs. Despite variability in the perception of risk implied by differing IRB requirements, students themselves felt education research was low risk and did not consider themselves to be vulnerable. The vast majority of eligible medical students were willing to participate as research subjects. Participants acknowledged the time demands of their participation and were readily able to withdraw when those burdens became unsustainable. PMID:23443075

  18. Medical ethics, bioethics and research ethics education perspectives in South East Europe in graduate medical education.

    PubMed

    Mijaljica, Goran

    2014-03-01

    Ethics has an established place within the medical curriculum. However notable differences exist in the programme characteristics of different schools of medicine. This paper addresses the main differences in the curricula of medical schools in South East Europe regarding education in medical ethics and bioethics, with a special emphasis on research ethics, and proposes a model curriculum which incorporates significant topics in all three fields. Teaching curricula of Medical Schools in Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia and Montenegro were acquired and a total of 14 were analyzed. Teaching hours for medical ethics and/or bioethics and year of study in which the course is taught were also analyzed. The average number of teaching hours in medical ethics and bioethics is 27.1 h per year. The highest national average number of teaching hours was in Croatia (47.5 h per year), and the lowest was in Serbia (14.8). In the countries of the European Union the mean number of hours given to ethics teaching throughout the complete curriculum was 44. In South East Europe, the maximum number of teaching hours is 60, while the minimum number is 10 teaching hours. Research ethics topics also show a considerable variance within the regional medical schools. Approaches to teaching research ethics vary, even within the same country. The proposed model for education in this area is based on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Bioethics Core Curriculum. The model curriculum consists of topics in medical ethics, bioethics and research ethics, as a single course, over 30 teaching hours. PMID:23436144

  19. An overview of ethnography in healthcare and medical education research.

    PubMed

    Goodson, Leigh; Vassar, Matt

    2011-01-01

    Research in healthcare settings and medical education has relied heavily on quantitative methods. However, there are research questions within these academic domains that may be more adequately addressed by qualitative inquiry. While there are many qualitative approaches, ethnography is one method that allows the researcher to take advantage of relative immersion in order to obtain thick description. The purpose of this article is to introduce ethnography, to describe how ethnographic methods may be utilized, to provide an overview of ethnography's use in healthcare and medical education, and to summarize some key limitations with the method. PMID:21637319

  20. An overview of ethnography in healthcare and medical education research

    PubMed Central

    Vassar, Matt

    2011-01-01

    Research in healthcare settings and medical education has relied heavily on quantitative methods. However, there are research questions within these academic domains that may be more adequately addressed by qualitative inquiry. While there are many qualitative approaches, ethnography is one method that allows the researcher to take advantage of relative immersion in order to obtain thick description. The purpose of this article is to introduce ethnography, to describe how ethnographic methods may be utilized, to provide an overview of ethnography's use in healthcare and medical education, and to summarize some key limitations with the method. PMID:21637319

  1. School of Science Masters Research Scholarships 2013 SCHOOL OF SCIENCE MASTERS RESEARCH SCHOLARSHIPS

    E-print Network

    Waikato, University of

    School of Science Masters Research Scholarships 2013 SCHOOL OF SCIENCE MASTERS RESEARCH SCHOLARSHIPS BACKGROUND The Faculty of Science & Engineering will offer 10 School of Science Masters Research Scholarships in specific, predetermined areas of research. Each Scholarship is worth $5,000. Applicants should

  2. Challenges for data storage in medical imaging research.

    PubMed

    Langer, Steve G

    2011-04-01

    Researchers in medical imaging have multiple challenges for storing, indexing, maintaining viability, and sharing their data. Addressing all these concerns requires a constellation of tools, but not all of them need to be local to the site. In particular, the data storage challenges faced by researchers can begin to require professional information technology skills. With limited human resources and funds, the medical imaging researcher may be better served with an outsourcing strategy for some management aspects. This paper outlines an approach to manage the main objectives faced by medical imaging scientists whose work includes processing and data mining on non-standard file formats, and relating those files to the their DICOM standard descendents. The capacity of the approach scales as the researcher's need grows by leveraging the on-demand provisioning ability of cloud computing. PMID:20544372

  3. FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research

    E-print Network

    Bushman, Frederic

    FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Website: www and 5 awards annually ­ Range of study in women's health, defined broadly; 1 award may be specific to CV completing 3rd year- some flexibility · Funding for 6 months of mentored, intensive women's health research

  4. The PA's role in medical research: implications for PA education.

    PubMed

    Morian, J P

    1986-03-01

    Physician assistant involvement in medical research is a desirable and appropriate expansion of the PA role and represents advancement for the profession as a whole. This article explores advantages and disadvantages, as well as possible ways that PA education can be improved to prepare PAs for the demands of research. PMID:10314624

  5. [Clinical drug research from medical ethics and legal perspectives].

    PubMed

    Ornek Büken, Nüket; Büken, Erhan

    2003-01-01

    Medical ethics and law in clinical drug research are the two main points that have been discussed in public and medical circles. Conducting drug research on "easily affected and vulnerable groups", such as psychiatric patients, has always been a controversial issue in medicine. How should human subjects be protected, especially psychiatric patients, who are defined as "vulnerable subjects and groups"; what are the ethically and legally justifiable reasons for basing drug research on psychiatric patients; and what can be said about responsibilities in the context of medical ethics and law? Patients who are in the mentioned groups can not be informed clearly about the characteristics of research which they would be involved in. In recent years psychiatric, geriatric, anesthesiology and pediatric patients are defined as "patients who do not have the ability for consent". In this article answers will be given to questions such as why medical ethics is interested in clinical drug research, and what kind of roles should ethics play in drug research. The situation worldwide will be analyzed from a historical approach with regard to laws and regulations concerning drug research. The legal rights of human subjects who have the ability to give informed consent and of those who do not will be discussed and the place of psychiatric patients as human subjects in drug research will be addressed. Some unethical examples and their consequences will be considered and discussed. In this context, a critical evaluation will be made of the situation in Turkey. PMID:14704931

  6. Harvard Medical School Introduction to Clinical Research Training (ICRT) program

    E-print Network

    Mitchison, Tim

    Harvard Medical School Introduction to Clinical Research Training (ICRT) program Program Curriculum, Recruitment and Baseline Assessment Lecture Real-life issues in running a RCT: Consort Webinar Clinical Trials 5: Randomization, Stratification and Blinding Lecture #12;ETHICAL ISSUES IN CLINICAL RESEARCH

  7. Research in health sciences library and information science: a quantitative analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Dimitroff, A

    1992-01-01

    A content analysis of research articles published between 1966 and 1990 in the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association was undertaken. Four specific questions were addressed: What subjects are of interest to health sciences librarians? Who is conducting this research? How do health sciences librarians conduct their research? Do health sciences librarians obtain funding for their research activities? Bibliometric characteristics of the research articles are described and compared to characteristics of research in library and information science as a whole in terms of subject and methodology. General findings were that most research in health sciences librarianship is conducted by librarians affiliated with academic health sciences libraries (51.8%); most deals with an applied (45.7%) or a theoretical (29.2%) topic; survey (41.0%) or observational (20.7%) research methodologies are used; descriptive quantitative analytical techniques are used (83.5%); and over 25% of research is funded. The average number of authors was 1.85, average article length was 7.25 pages, and average number of citations per article was 9.23. These findings are consistent with those reported in the general library and information science literature for the most part, although specific differences do exist in methodological and analytical areas. PMID:1422504

  8. Research in health sciences library and information science: a quantitative analysis.

    PubMed

    Dimitroff, A

    1992-10-01

    A content analysis of research articles published between 1966 and 1990 in the Bulletin of the Medical Library Association was undertaken. Four specific questions were addressed: What subjects are of interest to health sciences librarians? Who is conducting this research? How do health sciences librarians conduct their research? Do health sciences librarians obtain funding for their research activities? Bibliometric characteristics of the research articles are described and compared to characteristics of research in library and information science as a whole in terms of subject and methodology. General findings were that most research in health sciences librarianship is conducted by librarians affiliated with academic health sciences libraries (51.8%); most deals with an applied (45.7%) or a theoretical (29.2%) topic; survey (41.0%) or observational (20.7%) research methodologies are used; descriptive quantitative analytical techniques are used (83.5%); and over 25% of research is funded. The average number of authors was 1.85, average article length was 7.25 pages, and average number of citations per article was 9.23. These findings are consistent with those reported in the general library and information science literature for the most part, although specific differences do exist in methodological and analytical areas. PMID:1422504

  9. What are the implications of implementation science for medical education?

    PubMed Central

    Price, David W.; Wagner, Dianne P.; Krane, N. Kevin; Rougas, Steven C.; Lowitt, Nancy R.; Offodile, Regina S.; Easdown, L. Jane; Andrews, Mark A. W.; Kodner, Charles M.; Lypson, Monica; Barnes, Barbara E.

    2015-01-01

    Background Derived from multiple disciplines and established in industries outside of medicine, Implementation Science (IS) seeks to move evidence-based approaches into widespread use to enable improved outcomes to be realized as quickly as possible by as many as possible. Methods This review highlights selected IS theories and models, chosen based on the experience of the authors, that could be used to plan and deliver medical education activities to help learners better implement and sustain new knowledge and skills in their work settings. Results IS models, theories and approaches can help medical educators promote and determine their success in achieving desired learner outcomes. We discuss the importance of incorporating IS into the training of individuals, teams, and organizations, and employing IS across the medical education continuum. Challenges and specific strategies for the application of IS in educational settings are also discussed. Conclusions Utilizing IS in medical education can help us better achieve changes in competence, performance, and patient outcomes. IS should be incorporated into curricula across disciplines and across the continuum of medical education to facilitate implementation of learning. Educators should start by selecting, applying, and evaluating the teaching and patient care impact one or two IS strategies in their work. PMID:25911282

  10. Regulating Human Participants Protection in Medical Research and the Accreditation of Medical Research Ethics Committees in the Netherlands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcel J. H. Kenter

    2009-01-01

    The review system on research with human participants in the Netherlands is characterised as a decentralised controlled and\\u000a integrated peer review system. It consists of an independent governmental body, the Central Committee on Research Involving\\u000a Human Subjects (or Central Committee), which regulates the review of research proposals by accredited Medical Research Ethics\\u000a Committees (MRECs). The legal basis was founded in

  11. Medical applications of microarray technologies: a regulatory science perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph L. Hackett; Lawrence J. Lesko; Raj K. Puri; Steven I. Gutman; Konstantin Chumakov; Janet Woodcock; David W. Feigal; Kathryn C. Zoon; Emanuel F. Petricoin; Frank D. Sistare

    2002-01-01

    The potential medical applications of microarrays have generated much excitement, and some skepticism, within the biomedical community. Some researchers have suggested that within the decade microarrays will be routinely used in the selection, assessment, and quality control of the best drugs for pharmaceutical development, as well as for disease diagnosis and for monitoring desired and adverse outcomes of therapeutic interventions.

  12. Religion and the body in medical research.

    PubMed

    Campbell, Courtney S

    1998-09-01

    Religious discussion of human organs and tissues has concentrated largely on donation for therapeutic purposes. The retrieval and use of human tissue samples in diagnostic, research, and education contexts have, by contrast, received very little direct theological attention. Initially undertaken at the behest of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, this essay seeks to explore the theological and religious questions embedded in nontherapeutic use of human tissue. It finds that the "donation paradigm" typically invoked in religious discourse to justify uses of the body for therapeutic reasons is inadequate in the context of nontherapeutic research, while the "resource paradigm" implicit in scientific discourse presumes a reductionist account of the body that runs contrary to important religious values about embodiment. The essay proposes a "contribution paradigm" that provides a religious perspective within which research on human tissue can be both justified and limited. PMID:11656934

  13. Remote Sensing Information Science Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clarke, Keith C.; Scepan, Joseph; Hemphill, Jeffrey; Herold, Martin; Husak, Gregory; Kline, Karen; Knight, Kevin

    2002-01-01

    This document is the final report summarizing research conducted by the Remote Sensing Research Unit, Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara under National Aeronautics and Space Administration Research Grant NAG5-10457. This document describes work performed during the period of 1 March 2001 thorough 30 September 2002. This report includes a survey of research proposed and performed within RSRU and the UCSB Geography Department during the past 25 years. A broad suite of RSRU research conducted under NAG5-10457 is also described under themes of Applied Research Activities and Information Science Research. This research includes: 1. NASA ESA Research Grant Performance Metrics Reporting. 2. Global Data Set Thematic Accuracy Analysis. 3. ISCGM/Global Map Project Support. 4. Cooperative International Activities. 5. User Model Study of Global Environmental Data Sets. 6. Global Spatial Data Infrastructure. 7. CIESIN Collaboration. 8. On the Value of Coordinating Landsat Operations. 10. The California Marine Protected Areas Database: Compilation and Accuracy Issues. 11. Assessing Landslide Hazard Over a 130-Year Period for La Conchita, California Remote Sensing and Spatial Metrics for Applied Urban Area Analysis, including: (1) IKONOS Data Processing for Urban Analysis. (2) Image Segmentation and Object Oriented Classification. (3) Spectral Properties of Urban Materials. (4) Spatial Scale in Urban Mapping. (5) Variable Scale Spatial and Temporal Urban Growth Signatures. (6) Interpretation and Verification of SLEUTH Modeling Results. (7) Spatial Land Cover Pattern Analysis for Representing Urban Land Use and Socioeconomic Structures. 12. Colorado River Flood Plain Remote Sensing Study Support. 13. African Rainfall Modeling and Assessment. 14. Remote Sensing and GIS Integration.

  14. Virginia Tech College of Science Faculty Positions in Interdisciplinary Science/Science Education Research

    E-print Network

    Virginia Tech

    range of networking and development opportunities to women and minorities in science and engineeringVirginia Tech College of Science Faculty Positions in Interdisciplinary Science/Science Education Research The College of Science at Virginia Tech (http://science.vt.edu) is expanding its research presence

  15. Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science FY 2007 Accomplishment Interactive computing facilities to provide remote visualization capabilities to teams of scientific researchers of high network latency and relatively low network bandwidth. This research project has produced a novel

  16. Mathematical Sciences Scientific Computing Research Environments (SCREMS)

    E-print Network

    Sottile, Frank

    Mathematical Sciences Scientific Computing Research Environments (SCREMS) Project Summary Description 1. Overview, and Abstracts of Individual Research Projects Continuing advances in computer in research in computational mathematics, notably geometry (GANG1 ) and applied mathematics. In recent years

  17. Research interests of secondary science teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dorothy L. Gabel; K. V. Samuel; Stanley Helgeson; Joseph Novak; John Butzow

    1986-01-01

    In the past few years, science educators and the nation at large have become increasingly concerned about the Crisis in Science Education. An underlying cause of this crisis is the nonuniform quality of instruction delivered by secondary science teachers. One way to improve the quality of teaching in the schools is the application of science education research findings to teaching.

  18. Restructuring Planetary Science's Research & Analysis Program

    E-print Network

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Restructuring Planetary Science's Research & Analysis Program James Green NASA, Planetary Science: An Integrated Strategy for the Planetary Sciences 2010: Community R&A survey 2010 2012: Planetary Workforce R&A program by the Planetary Sciences Subcommittee (PSS) as a Response to the NRC report ­ Ron

  19. Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

    E-print Network

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences Annual Report NOAA Cooperative in between, the institute thrives on its Earth System Science approach. I encourage you to take a moment for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) is a joint institute established nearly 35 years ago between

  20. Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

    E-print Network

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    relevant to environmental and earth sciences issues, by contributing scientific expertise and resourcesCooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado at Boulder 1333://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu T he Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) was established in 1967

  1. Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research

    E-print Network

    Einat, Aharonov

    Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research Open questions in radiation transfer and Coffee 9:50 Opening ­ Ilan Koren, Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, WIS 10:00 Warren Wiscombe brake 13:30 Emmanuel Boss, School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, USA, "The backscattering

  2. How "Scientific" Is Science Education Research?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawson, Anton E.

    2010-01-01

    The research articles published in the "Journal of Research in Science Teaching" in 1965, 1975, 1985, 1995, and in 2005 were surveyed to discover the extent to which they were theory driven. Carey and Smith's theory of the development of science epistemologies was used to frame the study. Specifically their theory posits that science

  3. Recruiting Underserved Mothers to Medical Research: Findings from North Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Spears, Chaya R.; Sandberg, Joanne C.; O’Neill, Jenna L.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Howard, Timothy D.; Feldman, Steven R.; Arcury, Thomas A.

    2014-01-01

    Representative samples are required for ethical, valid, and useful health research. Yet, recruiting participants, especially from historically underserved communities, can be challenging. This paper presents findings from in-depth interviews with 40 mothers about factors that might influence their willingness to participate or allow their children to participate in medical research. Saliency analysis organizes the findings. Frequent and important salient themes about research participation included concerns that it might cause participants harm, hope that participants might gain a health benefit, and recognition that time and transportation resources could limit participation. Ultimately, we propose that a theoretical model, such as the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), will facilitate more systematic evaluation of effective methods for recruitment and retention of participants in medical research. Future research should explore the utility of such a model for development of effective recruitment and retention strategies. PMID:24185171

  4. Medical informatic research management in academia - the Danish setting.

    PubMed

    Kjær Andersen, Stig

    2011-01-01

    The condition that the Danish universities have been subject to severe changes through the last decade has had huge consequences for management of research at the level of a discipline as Medical Informatics. The presentation pinpoints some of the instruments, which is on top of the management agenda in the new academic reality in Denmark. Performance contracts, organizational structure, general management, research constraints, ranking and performance issues, economy linked to production, ownership, and incitements are issues affecting the way research are done. The issue of effective research management is to navigate in this reality, ensure inspiration and influx from other environments dealing with medical informatics problems, in theory as well as in praxis - and shield the individual researcher from emerging bureaucracy, leaving room for creativity. PMID:21893891

  5. APPENDIX C. PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM C.1 PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM OVERVIEW

    E-print Network

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    C.1-1 APPENDIX C. PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM C.1 PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM OVERVIEW 1. Introduction The Planetary Science Research Program supports investigations of all classes Planetary Science Division space flight missions must use publicly available data released through

  6. The Coming Influence of a Social Sciences Perspective on Medical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarlov, Alvin R.

    1992-01-01

    Although medical education changes in response to advances in biological sciences and technology, changes in public health and attitudes outside medicine may have even more impact on medical education. Medical students need a foundation in both natural and social sciences to deal with the complex interrelationships between social and physical…

  7. 20% Research & Design Science Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spear, Beth A.

    2015-04-01

    A project allowing employees to use 15 % of their time on independent projects was established at 3M in the 1950's. The result of this project included products like post it notes and masking tape. Google allows its employees to use 20% of their time on independently pursued projects. The company values creativity and innovation. Employees are allowed to explore projects of interest to them one day out of the week, 20 % of their work week. Products like AdSense, Gmail, Google Transit, Google News, and Google Talk are the result of this 20 % program. My school is implementing the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) as part of our regularly scheduled curriculum review. These new standards focus on the process of learning by doing and designing. The NGSS are very hands on and active. The new standards emphasize learning how to define, understand and solve problems in science and technology. In today's society everyone needs to be familiar with science and technology. This project allows students to develop and practice skills to help them be more comfortable and confident with science and technology while exploring something of interest to them. This project includes three major parts: research, design, and presentation. Students will spend approximately 2-4 weeks defining a project proposal and educating themselves by researching a science and technology topic that is of interest to them. In the next phase, 2-4 weeks, students design a product or plan to collect data for something related to their topic. The time spent on research and design will be dependant on the topic students select. Projects should be ambitious enough to encompass about six weeks. Lastly a presentation or demonstration incorporating the research and design of the project is created, peer reviewed and presented to the class. There are some problems anticipated or already experienced with this project. It is difficult for all students to choose a unique topic when you have large class sizes. Some students find it painful to design something independently as they are used to being told what to do. Assessing the projects, which include a wide degree of ambition established within the proposal, can be challenging. Implementation of this project requires the loss of approximately 20 % of class time. This can be a challenge when class time is already at a premium. However; the benefits of this project outweigh the loss of instructional time. This project is student centered and allows each student to pursue a topic of interest to them. This ability to choose their own topic allows students to explore with very few boundaries to confine their imagination. The project allows students to propose an ambitious project. The option for failure with the design portion of the project allows them to learn that failure is not always negative and can provide many learning opportunities, much like real world situations. This project is aligned with the NGSS encouraging creativity and innovation through unique, authentic investigations in science and technology.

  8. [Conflict of interest in medical practice and research].

    PubMed

    Youn, Young Hoon; Lee, Ilhak

    2012-09-25

    In recent years, medical professionals are in charge with multiple roles. They have to work as an educator, researcher, and administrator, as well as medical practitioner. In addition, they experience a conflict between the primary responsibilities that each role requires of them. A conflict of interest (COI) is a set of circumstances that creates a risk that professional judgment or actions regarding a primary interest will be unduly influenced by a secondary interest. It occurs when an individual or organization is involved in multiple interests, one of which could possibly corrupt the motivation for an act in the other. The COI should be managed appropriately to preserve the value of public trust, scientific objectivity, and the benefit and safety of patients. Primary interest of medical professionals refers to the principal goals of the medical profession, such as the health and safety of patients, and the integrity of research. Secondary interest includes not only financial gain but also such motives as the desire for professional advancement and the wish to do favors for family and friends, but COI rules usually focus on financial relationships because they are relatively more objective, fungible, and quantifiable. This article will briefly review the COI in medical practice and research, discuss about what is COI, why we should manage it, and how we can manage it. PMID:23018535

  9. [Cardiology was born with the modern medical science].

    PubMed

    de Micheli, Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    Modern medical science was born in the post-Renaissance age and began to consolidate towards the middle of the XVII century thanks to physicists, physiologists and biologists, most of whom were direct or indirect pupils of Galileo. The discovery of blood circulation by Harvey is now considered the only progress in physiology at the beginning of the XVII century, comparable to the current advances seen in physical sciences. The history of this exploit could be written from view point of the progressive advance in knowledge. In his experiments, Harvey referred to the authentic not imaginary experiments, and put forward irrefutable quantitative arguments. We can therefore claim that his discovery of blood circulation was the first proper explanation of an organic process and the starting point leading to experimental physiology. So it seems justified to assert that modern medical science did not all rise suddenly, but was gradually structured starting from the middle of the XVIIcentury following the path traced by William Harvey in light of Galileo's thought. PMID:25554458

  10. A Diagnostic Analysis of Erroneous Language in Iranian Medical Specialists’ Research Papers

    PubMed Central

    Gholami, Javad; Zeinolabedini, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Background: As English has increasingly become the lingua franca in science and international journals require native-like academic writing standards from nonnative researchers, there is more pressure on nonnative scholars to write their research articles more accurately and appropriately in English. This study was conducted to determine the most-occurring language-related errors which Iranian medical authors/researchers commit while trying to have their research published in international English journals. Also, this article seeks to provide useful guidelines to reduce such linguistic mistakes. Methods: The present study investigated the most common language-related errors in Iranian medical specialists’ research articles. To this end, the first drafts of 60 published research articles in medical sciences were cross-checked against their peer-reviewed published versions in order to identify the most frequent non-target language forms which received discoursal, lexical, grammatical, and mechanical revisions by peer editors. Results: The findings revealed that the editors had surprisingly dealt with discoursal errors more than any other linguistic aspects of these research articles. This was followed by lexical replacements. In third place were grammatical improvements, where erroneous structures mostly related to tenses, usage of articles and prepositions, and agreement between verbs and nouns were treated. The least common revisions were on the mechanics of academic writing, consisting of hyphenating, spelling, case lettering, spacing, and spacing with commas. Conclusion: Although most of the Iranian medical authors/researchers enjoyed a good level of proficiency in English, their manuscripts required discoursal, lexical, grammatical, and mechanical revisions before publication in credited international journals.

  11. Research Agenda for Computer Science Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Holmboe; Linda McIver; Carlisle George

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines the nature and scope of computer science education (CSE) research. We first distinguish CSE research from other forms of educational research, outlining its aims and identity as a research discipline. In examining the state of the art of CSE research, we attempt to categorise past research studies into general themes, reflecting the diverse contributions to CSE made

  12. Advancing regulatory science to bring novel medical devices for use in emergency care to market: the role of the Food and Drug Administration.

    PubMed

    Scully, Christopher G; Forrest, Shawn; Galeotti, Loriano; Schwartz, Suzanne B; Strauss, David G

    2015-04-01

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) performs regulatory science to provide science-based medical product regulatory decisions. This article describes the types of scientific research the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health performs and highlights specific projects related to medical devices for emergency medicine. In addition, this article discusses how results from regulatory science are used by the FDA to support the regulatory process as well as how the results are communicated to the public. Regulatory science supports the FDA's mission to assure safe, effective, and high-quality medical products are available to patients. PMID:25128009

  13. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    of radiochemistry in the undergraduate college program, etc . This series of monographs has grown out of the need. The series of monographs will 1 National Academy v of Sciences National Research Council I NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

  14. Citation analysis in journal rankings: medical informatics in the library and information science literature.

    PubMed

    Vishwanatham, R

    1998-10-01

    Medical informatics is an interdisciplinary field. Medical informatics articles will be found in the literature of various disciplines including library and information science publications. The purpose of this study was to provide an objectively ranked list of journals that publish medical informatics articles relevant to library and information science. Library Literature, Library and Information Science Abstracts, and Social Science Citation Index were used to identify articles published on the topic of medical informatics and to identify a ranked list of journals. This study also used citation analysis to identify the most frequently cited journals relevant to library and information science. PMID:9803294

  15. Citation analysis in journal rankings: medical informatics in the library and information science literature.

    PubMed Central

    Vishwanatham, R

    1998-01-01

    Medical informatics is an interdisciplinary field. Medical informatics articles will be found in the literature of various disciplines including library and information science publications. The purpose of this study was to provide an objectively ranked list of journals that publish medical informatics articles relevant to library and information science. Library Literature, Library and Information Science Abstracts, and Social Science Citation Index were used to identify articles published on the topic of medical informatics and to identify a ranked list of journals. This study also used citation analysis to identify the most frequently cited journals relevant to library and information science. PMID:9803294

  16. Teaching Primary Science: How Research Helps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harlen, Wynne

    2010-01-01

    The very first edition of "Primary Science Review" included an article entitled "Teaching primary science--how research can help" (Harlen, 1986), which announced that a section of the journal would be for reports of research and particularly for teachers reporting their classroom research. The intervening 24 years have seen momentous change in…

  17. Advancing Research on Undergraduate Science Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Susan Rundell

    2013-01-01

    This special issue of "Journal of Research in Science Teaching" reflects conclusions and recommendations in the "Discipline-Based Education Research" (DBER) report and makes a substantial contribution to advancing the field. Research on undergraduate science learning is currently a loose affiliation of related fields. The…

  18. Mixed Methods Approaches in Family Science Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plano Clark, Vicki L.; Huddleston-Casas, Catherine A.; Churchill, Susan L.; Green, Denise O'Neil; Garrett, Amanda L.

    2008-01-01

    The complex phenomena of interest to family scientists require the use of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Researchers across the social sciences are now turning to mixed methods designs that combine these two approaches. Mixed methods research has great promise for addressing family science topics, but only if researchers understand the…

  19. [Modern theoretico-cognitive problems of medical science].

    PubMed

    Hecht, A

    1989-01-01

    The paper presents the opinion that the medical science supported by theoretical generalizations is directed to mastering its scientific cognition, which will enable medicine to reach theoretical levels. In theoretical pathology, it is essential, as the first step, to define the concept of a disease in terms of dialectical materialism, to develop the concept of human disease, to apply the principles of dialectical determinism in a step-by-step fashion, to be critical in using reductionism and related scientific substantiation of strategies to solve health problems. PMID:2662948

  20. RESEARCH Open Access Impact of emergency medical helicopter

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH Open Access Impact of emergency medical helicopter transport directly to a university Trauma Abstract Introduction: The benefits of transporting severely injured patients by helicopter remain controversial. This study aimed to analyze the impact on mortality of helicopter compared to ground transport

  1. The Unified Medical Language System : An Informatics Research Collaboration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Betsy L Humphreys; Donald A B Lindberg; Harold M Schoolman; G Octo Barnett

    1998-01-01

    In 1986, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) assembled a large multidisciplinary, multisite team to work on the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), a collaborative research project aimed at reducing fundamental barriers to the application of computers to medicine. Beyond its tangible products, the UMLS Knowledge Sources, and its influence on the field of informatics, the UMLS project is an

  2. Stanford Medical Checklist Study: research staff operating document

    E-print Network

    Klemmer, Scott

    Stanford Medical Checklist Study: research staff operating document private: "Checklist Study-study hardware setup checklist: Check laptop battery life, storage space Organize physical space: monitors set up? #12;Prep for all scenarios: [Describe what time of scenarios will be like.] Check storage space on all

  3. TUTORIAL IN BIOSTATISTICS Kappa coecients in medical research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helena Chmura Kraemer; Vyjeyanthi S. Periyakoil; Art Noda

    2004-01-01

    SUMMARY Kappa coecients are measures of correlation between categorical variables often used as reliability or validity coecients. We recapitulate development and denitions of the K (categories) by M (ratings) kappas (K × M ), discuss what they are well- or ill-designed to do, and summarize where kappas now stand with regard to their application in medical research. The 2 ×

  4. DR. MICHAEL JOHN PAGE PhD Medical Research Scientist

    E-print Network

    Di Cera, Enrico

    DR. MICHAEL JOHN PAGE PhD Medical Research Scientist With profound sorrow, Sonja and Roger Page, announce the sudden passing of their dear, loving, youngest son, Michael at the age of 36. He passed away of California in San Francisco on the 6th of June, 2013. After graduating from Port Arthur Collegiate Michael

  5. [A methodological approach to assessing the quality of medical health information on its way from science to the mass media].

    PubMed

    Serong, Julia; Anhäuser, Marcus; Wormer, Holger

    2015-01-01

    A current research project deals with the question of how the quality of medical health information changes on its way from the academic journal via press releases to the news media. In an exploratory study a sample of 30 news items has been selected stage-by-stage from an adjusted total sample of 1,695 journalistic news items on medical research in 2013. Using a multidimensional set of criteria the news items as well as the corresponding academic articles, abstracts and press releases are examined by science journalists and medical experts. Together with a content analysis of the expert assessments, it will be verified to what extent established quality standards for medical journalism can be applied to medical health communication and public relations or even to studies and abstracts as well. PMID:26028455

  6. Clinical Research Systems and Integration with Medical Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joyce C. Niland; Layla Rouse

    \\u000a Integration of the Electronic Medical Records (EMR) with clinical research systems has the potential to greatly enhance the\\u000a efficiency, speed, and safety of cancer research. New hypotheses could be generated through mining of EMR data, observational\\u000a studies may be conducted more rapidly, and clinical trial recruitment and conduct could be greatly facilitated. Such enhancements\\u000a will be accomplished through secondary use

  7. Assistant Professor, Neurology Department of Clinical Sciences, James L. Voss Veterinary Medical Center

    E-print Network

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Assistant Professor, Neurology Department of Clinical Sciences, James L. Voss Veterinary Medical 12 month special appointment faculty position (non-tenure track) at the assistant professor level is desirable. · Experience in instructing veterinary students, interns, and residents in the medical

  8. 2010 Computer Science | 55 Computer Science Research

    E-print Network

    Goodman, James R.

    and industry and attract a significant number of international visitors each year. Research topics at CITR.cs.auckland.ac.nz/research/groups/theory/ Communication and Information Technology Research (CITR) A research and development oriented group which of healthcare delivery with particular attention to chronic disease management. In computational biology we

  9. Research Methodologies in Science Education: Qualitative Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Libarkin, Julie C.; Kurdziel, Josepha P.

    2002-01-01

    Introduces the concepts and terminology of qualitative research methodologies in the context of science education. Discusses interviewing, observing, validity, reliability, and confirmability. (Author/MM)

  10. Laboratory for Computer Science Research Rutgers University Introduction to LAWN

    E-print Network

    Davis, Larry

    Laboratory for Computer Science Research · Rutgers University Introduction to LAWN #12;Laboratory Accountability ­ Vulnerable to attacks · High cost for data line #12;Laboratory for Computer Science Research ­ Authenticated access · Software solution ­ Created by Laboratory for Computer Science Research Computer Science

  11. Undergraduate Medical Education Research in Malaysia: Time for a Change

    PubMed Central

    Salam, Abdus; Hamzah, Jemaima Che; Chin, Tan Geok; Siraj, Harlina Halizah; Idrus, Ruszymah; Mohamad, Nabishah; Raymond, Azman Ali

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Special Study Module (SSM) is a mandatory research module implemented in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). The objective of this paper is to provide a brief overview on the student research activities and to find out the outcome measures in terms of publication. Methods: It was a retrospective study done on SSM research projects at UKM. The SSM research is conducted from beginning of year-4 until 1st seven weeks of year-5. In year-4, students are assigned to a faculty-supervisor in small groups and spend every Thursday afternoon to plan and carry the research. Whole first seven weeks of year-5, students are placed with their supervisor continuously to collect data, do analysis, write report and present in the scientific conference. Outcomes of 5-years SSM research-projects starting from 2008/2009 to 2012/2013 academic session were analyzed. Results: Total 257 projects were completed and presented in annual scientific meetings from which 57 (22.2%) articles were published in peer reviewed journals. Conclusion: Mandatory undergraduate student research project brings an opportunity to develop students’ capacity building from conception to final report writing and thereby narrowing the gap between education and practice. Medical schools should implement research module to bring changes in research and publication culture of undergraduate medical education. PMID:26150832

  12. Visualization analysis of research hotspots based on CiteSpace II: taking medical devices as an example

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Dong-Dong; Liu, Sheng-Lin; Zhang, Jia-Hua

    2014-01-01

    Biomedical engineering has been one of the hottest fields in biology and engineering. As an important branch, the medical device has achieved significant progress in the past decades. As a useful method in evaluative bibliometrics, mapping knowledge has been used to explore the trend of one field. In the present study, we retrieve literatures about the medical device from the Web of Science™ (2004–2013), and acquire 26,793 related records, then analyze time range, region distribution, and main research directions of the literatures, and try to use keywords combined with mapping knowledge to explore the main trends of the medical device, and then aim to provide more information for medical device research. Through the study, we discover: 1) the publications regarding medical devices show an upward trend over the past decade in general; 2) the percentage of publications in the USA (38.49%) is the highest all over the world; 3) engineering (20.64%) is the hottest research direction, and takes up about one-fifth of the total publications; 4) the Journal of the American Medical Association and The New England Journal of Medicine are among the two journals that are the most highly cited, followed by Science and The Lancet; and 5) keywords of the medical device include in vitro, quality-of-life, outcomes, management, mortality, depression, and so on. With the help of mapping knowledge, we dig out some hot topics of medical devices and provide more information through trend analysis, and we discover that our findings are related to previous research and further research can enlarge the number of records and optimize the algorithm. We provide a systematic approach for researchers to keep abreast of the development and state of the research of medical devices. PMID:25368536

  13. Enhancing medical research efficiency by using concept maps.

    PubMed

    Gurupur, Varadraj P; Kamdi, Amit S; Tuncer, Tolga; Tanik, Murat M; Tanju, Murat N

    2011-01-01

    Even with today's advances in technology, the processes involved in medical research continue to be both time consuming and labor intensive. We have built an experimental integrated tool to convert the textual information available to the researchers into a concept map using the Web Ontology Language as an intermediate source of information. This tool is based on building semantic models using concept maps. The labor-intensive sequence of processes involved in medical research is suitably replaced by using this tool built by a suitable integration of concept maps and Web Ontology Language. We analyzed this tool by considering the example of linking vitamin D deficiency with prostate cancer. This tool is intended to provide a faster solution in building relations and concepts based on the existing facts. PMID:21431599

  14. Perspectives on electronic medical records adoption: electronic medical records (EMR) in outcomes research

    PubMed Central

    Belletti, Dan; Zacker, Christopher; Mullins, C Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Health information technology (HIT) is engineered to promote improved quality and efficiency of care, and reduce medical errors. Healthcare organizations have made significant investments in HIT tools and the electronic medical record (EMR) is a major technological advance. The Department of Veterans Affairs was one of the first large healthcare systems to fully implement EMR. The Veterans Health Information System and Technology Architecture (VistA) began by providing an interface to review and update a patient’s medical record with its computerized patient record system. However, since the implementation of the VistA system there has not been an overall substantial adoption of EMR in the ambulatory or inpatient setting. In fact, only 23.9% of physicians were using EMRs in their office-based practices in 2005. A sample from the American Medical Association revealed that EMRs were available in an office setting to 17% of physicians in late 2007 and early 2008. Of these, 17% of physicians with EMR, only 4% were considered to be fully functional EMR systems. With the exception of some large aggregate EMR databases the slow adoption of EMR has limited its use in outcomes research. This paper reviews the literature and presents the current status of and forces influencing the adoption of EMR in the office-based practice, and identifies the benefits, limitations, and overall value of EMR in the conduct of outcomes research in the US. PMID:22915950

  15. From the Office of Medical Education Research and Development (OMERAD). . . . . New Places, New Opportunities, New Ideas in Medical Education Series

    E-print Network

    by the LSUHSC-NO Academy for the Advancement of Educational Scholarship and the Office of Medical EducationFrom the Office of Medical Education Research and Development (OMERAD). . . . . New Places, New Opportunities, New Ideas in Medical Education Series A Webcast Audio Seminar Series available through

  16. Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funds research and training in the UK in engineering and the physical sciences. Viewing public engagement as important for stimulating interest in research, inspiring future generations of researchers and, "helping the research base evolve in tune with the changing needs of a more informed society," the EPSRC also promotes public awareness of science and engineering, providing a good deal of resources and links online. Research reports and briefs from some of the collaborating institutions' work on a wide range of research projects in engineering, the physical sciences and mathematics are all available in the Publications section. Other sections describe activities for young people and teachers, and research opportunities for graduate students.

  17. Developing a Research Agenda in Science Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simmons, Patricia E.; Brunkhorst, Herb; Lunetta, Vincent; Penick, John; Peterson, Jodi; Pietrucha, Barbara; Staver, John

    2005-06-01

    The Science Summit reinforced a question upon which many of us in science education are focused: How can we, the science education community of researchers, practitioners, and consumers, lead policy? We include a brief review of the No Child Left Behind Act and its implications for teachers, and elaborate about one ongoing and growing effort to answer the concerns about the paucity of research expressed at the Summit. We describe a unique and growing collaboration across professional science education and science organizations and societies that focuses on the development of a research agenda. The term `consilience' refers to the "jumping together of knowledge" that leads to scientific advancements, progressive, creative, fluid scientific research and intellectual capacity to move a research community toward an enlightened research agenda. A coherent research agenda enables us to specify what we know, what we need to know, and how research can be employed for creating and implementing policy. The use of a dynamic organizer (such as Pasteur's Quadrant) for a research matrix of topics provides a possible structure for organizing and cataloging research questions, designs, findings from past studies, needed areas for research, and policy implications. Through this unique collaboration, the science education community can better focus on needs and priorities and ensure that teachers, policy makers, scientists, and researchers in education at local through national levels have an important stake in research priorities and actions.

  18. 2011 Report on Research Progress and Future Directions 1 The NIH Medical Research

    E-print Network

    Toxicology Program (NTP), National Library of Medicine (NLM), and National Institute of General Medical National Institutes of Health National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases #12;4 The NIH Medical Research Program Directed Against Chemical Threats FOREWORD In August 2007, the National Institutes

  19. 80 FR 20235 - Innovations in Medical Evidence Development and Surveillance-Methods Research Agenda

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2015-04-15

    ...in Medical Evidence Development and Surveillance- Methods Research Agenda AGENCY...methodologies to conduct medical product safety surveillance in large electronic databases. Innovations...in Medical Evidence Development and Surveillance (IMEDS)-Methods is a program...

  20. Science Selections. Accounts of Ongoing Scientific Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kornberg, Warren, Ed.

    This publication is intended to present science teachers with an opportunity to communicate to students the idea that science is an ongoing and never-ending process. The booklet contains supplemental materials, valuable as enrichment materials. A selection of ongoing research in the biological sciences, physics and astronomy, oceanography,…

  1. Division of Biological and Medical Research annual research summary, 1983

    SciTech Connect

    Barr, S.H. (ed.)

    1984-08-01

    This research summary contains brief descriptions of research in the following areas: (1) mechanisms of hepatocarcinogenesis; (2) role of metals in cocarcinogenesis and the use of liposomes for metal mobilization; (3) control of mutagenesis and cell differentiation in cultured cells by tumor promoters; (4) radiation effects in mammalian cells; (5) radiation carcinogenesis and radioprotectors; (6) life shortening, tumor induction, and tissue dose for fission-neutron and gamma-ray irradiations; (7) mammalian genetics and biostatistics; (8) radiation toxicity studies; (9) hematopoiesis in chronic toxicity; (10) molecular biology studies; (11) chemical toxicology; (12) carcinogen identification and metabolism; (13) metal metabolism and toxicity; and (14) neurobehavioral chronobiology. (ACR)

  2. Medical education and research environment in Qatar: a new epoch for translational research in the Middle East

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Recent advances in medical technology and key discoveries in biomedical research have the potential to improve human health in an unprecedented fashion. As a result, many of the Arab Gulf countries, particularly Qatar are devoting increasing resources toward establishing centers of excellence in biomedical research. However, there are challenges that must be overcome. The low profile of private medical institutions and their negligible endowments in the region are examples of such challenges. Business-type government controlled universities are not the solution for overcoming the challenges facing higher education and research programs in the Middle East. During the last decade, Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development has attracted six branch campuses of American Institutions of higher learning to the Education City in Qatar, a 2500-acre area, which is rapidly becoming a model of integrating higher education and research in the region. Not-for profit, time-tested education institutions from abroad in public-private partnership with local organizations offer favorable conditions to build robust research programs in the region. Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar (WCMC-Q) of Cornell University is an example such an institution. It is the first and only medical school in Qatar. WCMC-Q's interwoven education, research and public health based framework lays a sturdy foundation for developing and implementing translational medicine research programs of importance to the State of Qatar and Middle Eastern nations. This approach is yielding positive results. Discoveries from this program should influence public policy in a positive fashion toward reducing premature mortality and morbidity due to diabetes, obesity, heart disease and cancer, examples of health conditions commonly encountered in Qatar. PMID:21272322

  3. COOPERATIVE INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    CIRES divisions and the Education and Outreach Program. More than 80 scientific posters were presentedi 2008 COOPERATIVE INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES University of Colorado FOR RESEARCH IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES University of Colorado at Boulder UCB 216 Boulder, CO 80309-0216 Phone

  4. Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science FY 2006 Accomplishment High Performance researcher may be interested in focusing scientific inquiry and study on locations in the computational collections of scientific data. In recent years, much of the work in computer and computational science has

  5. The e-Social Science research agenda.

    PubMed

    Halfpenny, Peter; Procter, Rob

    2010-08-28

    In this paper, we use the experience of the first 5 years of the UK Economic and Social Research Council's National Centre for e-Social Science as a basis for reflecting upon the future development of the e-Social Science research agenda. PMID:20643675

  6. Life Works: Explore Health and Medical Science Careers | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Health Careers Life Works: Explore Health and Medical Science Careers Past Issues / Summer 2011 Table of Contents ... to technicians and therapists. The NIH Office of Science Education has a Web site that lists and ...

  7. Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences-Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology)

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences- Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) Bachelor of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-HATS] Regional in radiologic technology; successfully completed the certification exam for the American Registry of Radiologic

  8. Emergency Medical Services Systems Research Projects, 1977. NCHSR Research Management Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Health Services Research (DHEW/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

    This document contains summaries of thirty-two research projects supported by the National Center for Health Services Research (NCHSR) under authority of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems Act. (Focus of these research projects is to describe, explain, and predict the performance of more than 200 EMS systems being established under Title…

  9. Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coats, Alfred C.

    2001-01-01

    Since 1969, the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), a private, nonprofit corporation, has worked closely with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to advance space science and technology and to promote education in those areas. USRA's Division of Space Life Sciences (DSLS) has been NASA's life sciences research partner for the past 18 years. For the last six years, our Cooperative Agreement NCC9-41 for the 'Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program' has stimulated and assisted life sciences research and education at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) - both at the Center and in collaboration with outside academic institutions. To accomplish our objectives, the DSLS has facilitated extramural research, developed and managed educational programs, recruited and employed visiting and staff scientists, and managed scientific meetings.

  10. Sri Lanka in global medical research: a scientific analysis of the Sri Lankan research output during 2000-2009

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Scientific research is an essential component in guiding improvements in health systems. There are no studies examining the Sri Lankan medical research output at international level. The present study evaluated the Sri Lankan research performance in medicine as reflected by the research publications output between years 2000-2009. Methods This study was based on Sri Lankan medical research publication data, retrieved from the SciVerse Scopus® from January 2000 to December 2009. The process of article selection was as follows: Affiliation - 'Sri Lanka' or 'Ceylon', Publication year - 'January 2000 to December 2009' and Subject area - 'Life and Health Sciences'. The articles identified were classified according to disease, medical speciality, institutions, major international collaborators, authors and journals. Results Sri Lanka's cumulative medical publications output between years 2000-2009 was 1,740 articles published in 160 different journals. The average annual publication growth rate was 9.1%. Majority of the articles were published in 'International' (n = 950, 54.6%) journals. Most articles were descriptive studies (n = 611, 35.1%), letters (n-345, 19.8%) and case reports (n = 311, 17.9%). The articles were authored by 148 different Sri Lankan authors from 146 different institutions. The three most prolific local institutions were Universities of; Colombo (n = 547), Kelaniya (n = 246) and Peradeniya (n = 222). Eighty four countries were found to have published collaborative papers with Sri Lankan authors during the last decade. UK was the largest collaborating partner (n = 263, 15.1%). Malaria (n = 75), Diabetes Mellitus (n = 55), Dengue (n = 53), Accidental injuries (n = 42) and Lymphatic filariasis (n = 40) were the major diseases studied. The 1,740 publications were cited 9,708 times, with an average citation of 5.6 per paper. The most cited paper had 203 citations, while there were 597 publications with no citations. The Sri Lankan authors' contribution to the global medical research output during the last decade was only 0.086%. Conclusion The Sri Lankan medical research output during the last decade is only a small fraction of the global research output. There it is a necessity to setup an enabling environment for research, with a proper vision, support, funds and training. In addition, collaborations across the region need to be strengthened to face common regional health challenges. PMID:22364509

  11. Undergraduate Science Research: A Comparison of Influences and Experiences between Premed and Non-Premed Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pacifici, Lara Brongo; Thomson, Norman

    2011-01-01

    Most students participating in science undergraduate research (UR) plan to attend either medical school or graduate school. This study examines possible differences between premed and non-premed students in their influences to do research and expectations of research. Questionnaire responses from 55 premed students and 80 non-premed students were…

  12. MEDICAL STUDENT RESEARCH FORUM AND POSTER DAY KECK SCHOOL OF MEDICINE

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Li I.

    .D., Vice Dean for Medical Education, Joel E. Schechter, Ph.D., Assistant Dean for Student AffairsMEDICAL STUDENT RESEARCH FORUM AND POSTER DAY KECK SCHOOL OF MEDICINE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA The 2011 Medical Student Research Forum and Poster Day is an annual event which allows USC Medical

  13. Strategic Research Directions In Microgravity Materials Science

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clinton, Raymond G., Jr.; Wargo, Michael J.; Marzwell, Neville L.; Sanders, Gerald; Schlagheck, Ron; Semmes, Ed; Bassler, Julie; Cook, Beth

    2004-01-01

    The Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) is moving aggressively to align programs, projects, and products with the vision for space exploration. Research in advanced materials is a critical element in meeting exploration goals. Research in low gravity materials science in OBPR is being focused on top priority needs in support of exploration: 1) Space Radiation Shielding; 2) In Situ Resource Utilization; 3) In Situ Fabrication and Repair; 4) Materials Science for Spacecraft and Propulsion Systems; 5) Materials Science for Advanced Life Support Systems. Roles and responsibilities in low gravity materials research for exploration between OBPR and the Office of Exploration Systems are evolving.

  14. Approaches of researches in medical geography in Poland and Ukraine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pantylej, Wiktoria

    2008-01-01

    This paper deals with the historical review of medical geography in the world, in Poland and in Ukraine. There are different approaches in medical geography: according to the research subject (ecological and economic approaches) and according to the current affairs of research (approach concerns sexuality, the age of the population and accordingly, accessibility of health care services to the population). To the author's mind, the most perspective approaches in medical geography in Poland and Ukraine are as follows: - integrative - dedicated to the health status of the population in connection with the quality and life level; - mathematical-statistical - connected with the problem of synthetic indexes of health status of the populations and factors influencing it, and with the problem of economic value of health and life of the population; - social-economic - the analysis of the influence of socioeconomic factors (such as wealth measure, rate of unemployment, work conditions and others) on public health; - ecological - connected with the researches dedicated to the analysis of environmental impact on public health status of the population; - demographical - the analysis of demographical factors of forming public health status; - social-psychological - health culture of the population, perception of the own health/morbidity and health care systems existing in different countries.

  15. Researching involvement in health care practices: interrupting or reproducing medicalization?

    PubMed

    Donetto, Sara; Cribb, Alan

    2011-10-01

    In this paper we reflect upon and problematize the ways in which 'patient involvement' is interpreted in a substantial proportion of the research literature on involvement and shared decision making. Drawing upon an analysis of this literature we raise concerns about the 'medicalization of involvement' embedded in, and reproduced by, some dominant research lenses, suggesting that this medicalization has powerful discursive and material effects. For example, we suggest that it tends to normalize and arguably trivialize intrinsically problematic and contentious concepts such as 'patient preferences' and, at the same time, to obscure the full range of possibilities for reciprocity in the exchanges between the medical world of the professional and the experiential and narrative world of the patient. We argue that richer conceptualizations of collaboration in clinical work are both possible and very much needed, and we indicate some examples of scholarly resources and perspectives that point towards richer and more defensible accounts of involvement. Overall we call for more attention to the idea of 'epistemic involvement' and much greater cross-fertilization between different epistemological paradigms in this area of research. PMID:21848940

  16. Medical Laboratory Science (MLS) is a challenging profession requiring precise and accurate evaluation techniques and keen problem-solving

    E-print Network

    Vertes, Akos

    Medical Laboratory Science (MLS) is a challenging profession requiring precise and accurate to the clinical diagnosis of health and disease. Medical laboratory scientists are educated in the theoretical Sciences (BSHS) in MLS, a degree completion program, is a blend of basic sciences and medical sciences

  17. Courting the Rockefeller Foundation and other attempts to integrate clinical teaching, medical practice, and research in Melbourne.

    PubMed

    Westmore, Ann; Penington, David

    2009-01-01

    Courtesy of the cashed-up Rockefeller Foundation (RF), opportunity knocked in the 1920s for university medical schools committed to closer integration with teaching hospitals. The University of Melbourne Medical School, recognising the opportunity to win RF funds to help with rebuilding, sought government support for an audacious plan consistent with the university-hospital-research triads designed to advance medical science, that had strong RF support. Using a range of local archival sources, this paper details the back story to the development of the plan in the mid-1920s and its presentation to the RF by a high-powered delegation from Victoria in 1927. Although a change of government undermined the attempt and the RF money went to Sydney, sufficient momentum survived to implement the plan in several forms over the following decades, contributing to Victoria's subsequent leadership role in medical science. PMID:20481117

  18. 77 FR 41431 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-13

    ...Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education at the...Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education at the...collected will allow continued assessment of the value of the training provided by the Office...

  19. Mapping a research agenda for the science of team science

    PubMed Central

    Falk-Krzesinski, Holly J; Contractor, Noshir; Fiore, Stephen M; Hall, Kara L; Kane, Cathleen; Keyton, Joann; Klein, Julie Thompson; Spring, Bonnie; Stokols, Daniel; Trochim, William

    2012-01-01

    An increase in cross-disciplinary, collaborative team science initiatives over the last few decades has spurred interest by multiple stakeholder groups in empirical research on scientific teams, giving rise to an emergent field referred to as the science of team science (SciTS). This study employed a collaborative team science concept-mapping evaluation methodology to develop a comprehensive research agenda for the SciTS field. Its integrative mixed-methods approach combined group process with statistical analysis to derive a conceptual framework that identifies research areas of team science and their relative importance to the emerging SciTS field. The findings from this concept-mapping project constitute a lever for moving SciTS forward at theoretical, empirical, and translational levels. PMID:23223093

  20. Evaluating Currency of the Medical Sciences Collection Available on Public Library Shelves.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everhart, Peggy S.

    Because advances in medical science can lead to rapid changes in current health knowledge, a library collection of medical science materials can become dated rather quickly. This factor, as well as the many variables of library use and operation which impact the availability of current materials on the library shelves--loan periods, weeding…

  1. Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree)

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science ­ Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree) ­ Bachelor of Radiologic Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-FRAS] Regional College Catalog Year: 2013 Education I 2 C RIS 34083 Sectional Anatomy in Medical Imaging 3 C #12;Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging

  2. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care

    E-print Network

    Doran, Simon J.

    Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Application of Leadership%) Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0) 1483 684505 F: +44 (0 service leadership and innovation, and suggest ways in which their own personal style can develop

  3. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care

    E-print Network

    Doran, Simon J.

    Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Supporting Education their working environment. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0 and assessment strategies Personal and professional development Reflection and reflexivity Factors that effect

  4. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care

    E-print Network

    Doran, Simon J.

    Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Health Assessment Module Code · Person Centred Care/ User Involvement · Humanistic Theories · Psychological health and wellbeing Assessment Academic essay: 2500 words Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care

  5. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care

    E-print Network

    Doran, Simon J.

    Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Complex Health Assessment · Person Centred Care/ User Involvement · Humanistic Theories · Psychological health and wellbeing,000 words Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0) 1483 684505 F

  6. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care

    E-print Network

    Doran, Simon J.

    Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Introduction to Minor Illness Musculoskeletal presentations & examination Mechanisms of injury Eye assessment ENT assessment Skin assessment to deliver safe practice. Pass/Refer Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care

  7. A Descriptive and Historical Review of Bibliometrics with Applications to Medical Sciences.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Dennis F; Walker, Cheri K

    2015-06-01

    The discipline of bibliometrics involves the application of mathematical and statistical methods to scholarly publications. The first attempts at systematic data collection were provided by Alfred Lotka and Samuel Bradford, who subsequently established the foundational laws of bibliometrics. Eugene Garfield ushered in the modern era of bibliometrics with the routine use of citation analysis and systematized processing. Key elements of bibliometric analysis include database coverage, consistency and accuracy of the data, data fields, search options, and analysis and use of metrics. A number of bibliometric applications are currently being used in medical science and health care. Bibliometric parameters and indexes may be increasingly used by grant funding sources as measures of research success. Universities may build benchmarking standards from bibliometric data to determine academic achievement through promotion and tenure guidelines in the future. This article reviews the history, definition, laws, and elements of bibliometric principles and provides examples of bibliometric applications to the broader health care community. To accomplish this, the Medline (1966-2014) and Web of Science (1945-2014) databases were searched to identify relevant articles; select articles were also cross-referenced. Articles selected were those that provided background, history, descriptive analysis, and application of bibliometric principles and metrics to medical science and health care. No attempt was made to cover all areas exhaustively; rather, key articles were chosen that illustrate bibliometric concepts and enhance the reader's knowledge. It is important that faculty and researchers understand the limitations and appropriate uses of bibliometric data. Bibliometrics has considerable potential as a research area for health care scientists and practitioners that can be used to discover new information about academic trends, pharmacotherapy, disease, and broader health sciences trends. PMID:25940769

  8. Historical continuity in the methodology of modern medical science: Leonardo leads the way.

    PubMed

    Pasipoularides, Ares

    2014-02-01

    Early modern medical science did not arise ex nihilo, but was the culmination of a long history stretching back through the Renaissance, the Middle Ages, Byzantium and Roman times, into Greek Antiquity. The long interval between Aristotle and Galen and Harvey and Descartes was punctuated by outstanding visionaries, including Leonardo, the ultimate Renaissance man. His attitude and mindset were based on Aristotelian pursuit of empirical fact and rational thought. He declared himself to be a "man without letters" to underscore his disdain for those whose culture was only mnemonics and philosophical inferences from authoritative books. Leonardo read the Book of Nature with the immense curiosity of the pioneering scientist, ushering in the methodology of modern medical science with help from forerunners. He left no publications, but extensive personal Notebooks: on his scientific research, hydrodynamics, physiological anatomy, etc. Apparently, numerous successors availed themselves of his methodologies and insights, albeit without attribution. In his Notebooks, disordered and fragmentary, Leonardo manifests the exactitude of the engineer and scientist, the spontaneous freshness of one speaking of what he has at heart and that he knows well. His style is unrefined, but intensely personal, rich with emotion and, sometimes, poetic. Leonardo, the visionary anatomist, strived consistently not merely to imitate nature by depicting body structures, but to perceive through analysis and simulations the intimate physiologic processes; i.e., the biomechanics underlying the workings of all bodily organs and components, even the mysterious beating heart. It is fitting to regard him as the first modern medical scientist. PMID:24360160

  9. [The tasks and role of pathology among other medical sciences].

    PubMed

    David, G

    1984-01-01

    The results of discussion on the current state of pathology in medical science and practical hospital work are presented in this paper which is the author's report on the 2nd symposium of the societies of pathologists in socialist countries. Special attention is drawn to the significance of necropsies in comparing clinical and post-mortem diagnoses, the related numerical materials are provided. The decrease of necropsies of patients dying in hospitals in most countries of the world is noted, and the methods of getting rid of this are indicated both for scientific goals and health service. The increasing necessity of contacts between pathologists and clinicians is pointed out and the ways of realization of this important tool for further development of medicine are traced. The comparative data on the methods of training in pathology in many European countries and USA are presented. The paper is concluded by a review on the state of pathology in the GDR, measures taken by the GDR Ministry of Health and by the Society of GDR pathologists. The confidence is expressed in success of these measures in the process of realization by the GDR government of the X Party Congress and the 5th Plenum of the SUPG Decisions on the development of science and its effectiveness. PMID:6721703

  10. Shadows amid sunshine: regulating financial conflicts in medical research.

    PubMed

    Saver, Richard S

    2014-02-01

    Under brand new rules implementing the Physician Payments Sunshine Act (Sunshine Act), a wide range of financial relationships, including many research-related payments, between industry, physicians, and teaching hospitals will be publicly disclosed through comprehensive, standardized payment reporting. The Sunshine Act represents the latest in a series of regulatory attempts to address financial conflicts of interest that may bias research conduct and threaten subject safety. This article summarizes the major aspects of the Sunshine Act affecting medical research, how it interacts with existing laws and policies, and identifies important unresolved issues and implementation challenges that still lie ahead with the rollout of the legislation underway. The Sunshine Act primarily depends on disclosure as a regulatory tool. As such, its long-term impact remains open to question. Disclosure in this context may have limited utility given, among other reasons, uncertainty about who the intended recipients are and their ability to use the information effectively. Apart from the insufficiency of transparency, this article further explores how proportionality, fairness, and accountability considerations make optimal regulation of financial conflicts in medical research quite challenging. PMID:24493509

  11. Action Research is Similar to Design Science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pertti Järvinen

    2007-01-01

    In management information systems (MIS) action research is long considered as promising but low-level research approach. It\\u000a has an utmost relevance because action researchers are working with practitioners to solve the important practical problem.\\u000a Design science outlined some years ago is just winning a wider audience. Action research was traditionally classified into\\u000a qualitative research methods. But it seems to be

  12. Integrating bioethics into clinical and translational science research: a roadmap.

    PubMed

    Shapiro, Robyn S; Layde, Peter M

    2008-05-01

    Recent initiatives to improve human health emphasize the need to effectively and appropriately translate new knowledge gleaned from basic biomedical and behavioral research to clinical and community application. To maximize the beneficial impact of scientific advances in clinical practice and community health, and to guard against potential deleterious medical and societal consequences of such advances, incorporation of bioethics at each stage of clinical and translational science research is essential. At the earliest stage, bioethics input is critical to address issues such as whether to limit certain areas of scientific inquiry. Subsequently, bioethics input is important to assure not only that human subjects trials are conducted and reported responsibly, but also that results are incorporated into clinical and community practices in a way that promotes and protects bioethical principles. At the final stage of clinical and translational science research, bioethics helps to identify the need and approach for refining clinical practices when safety or other concerns arise. The framework we present depicts how bioethics interfaces with each stage of clinical and translational science research, and suggests an important research agenda for systematically and comprehensively assuring bioethics input into clinical and translational science initiatives. PMID:20443821

  13. University of Tokyo-Institute of Medical Science: Human Genome Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Human Genome Center was established in 1991 at the University of Tokyo's Institute of Medical Science. In pursuit of progress in the areas of human disease diagnosis, care, and prevention, the Center conducts genome research in Japan and participates in "international activities in database construction, mapping, and sequencing of the human genome." The Genome Center website contains links to its nine Laboratories which conduct research in the following areas: Genome Structure, Sequence Analysis, Molecular Medicine, and DNA Information Analysis, to name a few. Laboratory pages contain information about research, publications, staff, and services. The Center site also links to a number of databases and software tools including a database of Japanese Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (JSNP), Microbial Genome Database for Comparative Analysis (MBGD), PSI-BLAST, TFBIND (software for searching transcription factor binding sites), and more.

  14. 7 EXTENDING DESIGN SCIENCE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR A

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    for a variety of cultural contexts. Keywords Design science research methodology, critical ethnography, mobile services, culture 1 INTRODUCTION Design science research (DSR) aims to improve our understanding7 EXTENDING DESIGN SCIENCE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR A MULTICULTURAL WORLD Carl Lawrence Tuure

  15. RESEARCH ASSISTANT PROFESSOR POSITION Department of Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Kumar, Santosh

    RESEARCH ASSISTANT PROFESSOR POSITION Department of Computer Science The Computer Science Department invites applications from outstanding candidates with research interests in mobile at the Research Assistant Professor level. Required qualifications include a Ph.D. in computer science

  16. Keeping the culture alive: the laboratory technician in mid-twentieth-century British medical research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. M. Tansey

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports results from a detailed study of the careers of laboratory technicians in British medical research. Technicians and their contributions are very frequently missing from accounts of modern medicine, and this project is an attempt to correct that absence. The present paper focuses almost entirely on the Medical Research Council's National Institute for Medical Research in North London,

  17. Considerations on undergraduate computer science research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan A. Robila; Amruth N. Kumar; Doug Baldwin; Clare Bates Congdon

    2005-01-01

    Research constitutes an intrinsic part of the intellectual activity of any faculty. Many times, however, heavy teaching loads and lack of incentives (such as institutional support and time releases) negatively affect the faculty's research work. Often, the knowledge level required in the research also limits the involvement of undergraduate students. Nevertheless, computer science faculty find innovative ways to attract the

  18. Survey Nonresponse Bias in Social Science Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reio, Thomas G., Jr.

    2007-01-01

    Surveys continue to be one of the primary research methods in social science research, as they have been useful for exploring subjects ranging from attitudes and intentions to motivations and behaviors, to name but a few. Notwithstanding, response rates in survey research continue to decline despite the development of more systematic procedures to…

  19. Science Education Research and Teacher Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oversby, John; McGregor, Deb; Woodhouse, Fiona

    2013-01-01

    Well-designed and thoughtful approaches to practitioner research can bring about very positive impacts to improve teaching and learning in science classrooms. Readers of highly-rated research also need to appreciate and understand research design, literature critique, appropriate data collection, methods of analysis, theoretical frameworks,…

  20. Validity and Reliability in Social Science Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drost, Ellen A.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the author aims to provide novice researchers with an understanding of the general problem of validity in social science research and to acquaint them with approaches to developing strong support for the validity of their research. She provides insight into these two important concepts, namely (1) validity; and (2) reliability, and…

  1. FACULTY RESEARCH GUIDE Computer Science Department

    E-print Network

    Andrews, Peter B.

    1 FACULTY RESEARCH GUIDE 2012-13 Computer Science Department Carnegie Mellon University ©2011 are programming languages, parallel computing, and algorithms. In my research, I aim to raise the level Carnegie Mellon University #12;2 FOREWORD This file presents the current research interests of the faculty

  2. ECR Retreat 2012 The Early Career Researchers (ECR) committee from the Alfred Medical Research and Education

    E-print Network

    Albrecht, David

    ECR Retreat 2012 The Early Career Researchers (ECR) committee from the Alfred Medical Research and Education Precinct (AMREP) are holding a retreat from 27th -28th September, 2012 located at the Country Place Retreat in the heart of the beautiful Dandenong Ranges. The AMREP ECR retreat focuses

  3. Prevalence and Causes of Medical Absenteeism Among Staff (Case Study at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences: 2009-2010)

    PubMed Central

    Mohseni Saravi, Beyamin; Kabirzadeh, Azar; Rezazadeh, Esmaiel; Khariki, Mohammad Fallah; Asgari, Zolaykha; Bagherian Farahabadi, Ebrahim; Motamed, Nima; Siamian, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Work absenteeism is a significant issue and can be observed in terms of human resources management. Given the importance of staff practices, which are anticipated in every organization, the role of each employee in this system and the implications of their absence as well as the importance of recovery time rest in fast recovery of staff and anticipated costs for their lost work days, thus this study is aimed to determine the extent and causes of medical absenteeism (sickness absence) of head staff of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Methods and Materials: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted using medical absenteeism (sickness absence) persons happened in 2010. Research population was included all records of staff working in central departments of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. There was no sampling due to the importance of the issue. Studied variables were included age, gender, employment status, employees’ education, name of the disease, physician specialty in issuing the medical absence paper, leave issuing reference and department, position of the employee, number of absence days, number of absences, number of annual leave days. Also, data were gathered using a checklist, then were entered into the SPSS software and got analyzed using descriptive statistics. In order to respect the confidentiality, name of the doctors and employees weren’t mentioned publicly. Results: Based on the results, 1200 employees were leaved the organization due to the sickness issue, which 957 (79.7%) of them were studied. The mean age for those employees was 39±7. Also, total average sick leave days and total sick leave days were 2±1 and 2571, respectively. 40.8 % ( 390 employees) were male and the rest were female. Moreover, 18.3% of sick leaves were issued for singles and the remained were for married employees. Regarding the employees’ education, 2% under diploma, 11.3% diploma, 7.8% upper diploma, 47.6% B.Sc., 14.6% MS.c and 15.85 had doctorate degree. Considering their position, 65%, 30.3%, 2.5% and 1.8% were experts, others, heads, and mangers, respectively. Furthermore, their employment status indicated that 62.3%, 18.1%, 16.8% and 2.8% of employees were employed in form of formal, short-term contract, long-term contract and other forms, respectively. Among the aspiratory diseases, 115 persons had got cold and 97 were infected to flu. The prevalence of other diseases was as follows: neck and back pain among the skeletal diseases (118 persons), fever and headache among the signs (71 persons) and diarrhea and vomiting among the infectious diseases (88 persons). Conclusion: According to the study results, due to the nature of staff work, physical problems, which are caused by doing mental works as well as low mobility, are rising among the employees. Of course, practicing ergonomic considerations, devoting hours in form of exercise break for staff can be effective in this regard. In order to address other diseases, vaster researches are needed with a concentration on exact reasons of work absenteeism. PMID:24511264

  4. Nursing research and the human sciences.

    PubMed

    Malinski, Violet M

    2002-01-01

    Nursing has long been associated with the natural sciences. However, more recently some nurses have begun to identify it as a human science. The epistemological and ontological bases then shift, with clear implications for the research approaches that are regarded as the most useful. This column offers a discussion of the worldviews represented in contemporary nursing knowledge, focusing particularly on the newer paradigm that includes the view of nursing as a human science, and the place of qualitative and quantitative research. Neither the human sciences nor the natural sciences are seen as providing a sufficient base for all nursing knowledge. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches are viewed as potentially useful strategies given the nature of the phenomenon to be explored. Parallels to current discussions of worldviews and research methods in transpersonal psychology are identified. PMID:11873465

  5. Empirical versus Etiological Approaches in Oriental Medical Research.

    PubMed

    Wagman, Gary

    2015-04-01

    Although Oriental medicine, by nature, may be considered an etiology-based approach to healing, its role in modern research is primarily empirical. The absolute dependence on symptomatic presentation to establish acupuncture point selection goes against the grain of traditional Oriental methods, which emphasize pulse, tongue, and other diagnostic tools to determine the overall biological and psychological conditions of the patient. Recently introduced diagnostic methods in Oriental medical research indicate a potential shift from empirically to etiologically centered designs. This article reviews current mainstream approaches to efficacy trial designs and proceeds with the analysis of newer research models, such as a constitutional approach spearheaded in Korea by the field of four-constitutional medicine. PMID:25952127

  6. Measuring the returns to NASA life sciences research and development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hertzfeld, Henry R.

    1998-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration has invested in R&D in the life sciences for forty years. The thrust of this investment has been directed toward the support of human beings in space flight and in space activities. There are many documented examples of beneficial services and products now used in everyday life and medical practice that can be traced to origins in the R&D of the space program. However, a framework for quantitatively documenting, characterizing, and analyzing these public benefits has eluded researchers. This paper will present the results of a pilot project that includes the development of a methodology for assessing the economic benefits from NASA life sciences R&D and for realistically evaluating the financial leverage that private companies which are either involved in NASA R&D or which have ``bootstrapped'' NASA R&D into commercial products have realized. The results will show that the NASA life sciences investments are more engineering oriented, and more typically show results in the fields of instrumentation and medical devices. This is substantially different in nature from the focus of the National Institutes of Health, which is organized around the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The appropriate measures of benefits for engineering-oriented products are economic parameters that focus on capital equipment. NIH benefits are more typically measured by human labor parameters, including the much more difficult to quantify measures of the quality and delivery of medical services. Although there is tremendous overlap in the goals and outputs of NASA life sciences and NIH investments, and NASA R&D is also very concerned with human beings and the quality of life, NIH is the overwhelming large source of life sciences R&D funds in the US. NASA has a special niche in life sciences R&D that supports the NASA mission as well as overall research issues in the life sciences. This paper evaluates the economic benefits of NASA's life sciences from the perspective of its special role, and presents evidence of the types of returns to the economy that have occurred from a sample of successful research efforts.

  7. The "Science of HRD Research": Reshaping HRD Research through Scientometrics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Greg G.; Gilley, Jerry W.; Sun, Judy Y.

    2012-01-01

    We explore opportunities for assessing and advancing Human Resource Development (HRD) research through an integrative literature review of scientometric theories and methods. Known as the "science of science," scientometrics is concerned with the quantitative study of scholarly communications, disciplinary structure and assessment and measurement…

  8. Office of Institutional Research Assessment Social Science

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Office of Institutional Research Assessment Fall 2009 Social Science Binghamton University (State things being equal, the social sciences are healthy and vigorous at Binghamton University, these courses) This committee finds the level of achievement and satisfaction with student learning outcomes in the social

  9. Enhancing Student Understanding of Environmental Sciences Research

    E-print Network

    Gurwick, Noel P.

    and processes than do students whose exposure has been limited to traditional classroom science teaching (SRI their understanding of the sociology of science. The research project focused on the impact of non-indigenous worms on the impact of a regional invasion of non-indigenous worm species on decomposition in forest soils. We chose

  10. SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-print Network

    Blake, Edwin

    SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA George F R Ellis A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT for the Royal Society of South Africa February 14, 2001 #12;i Preface This science policy discussion document has been written by Prof G F R Ellis (University of Cape Town) on behalf of the Royal Society of South Africa

  11. Molecular Science Research Center, 1991 annual report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Knotek

    1992-01-01

    During 1991, the Molecular Science Research Center (MSRC) experienced solid growth and accomplishment and the Environmental, and Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) construction project moved forward. We began with strong programs in chemical structure and dynamics and theory, modeling, and simulation, and both these programs continued to thrive. We also made significant advances in the development of programs in materials and

  12. Social Science Research Serving Rural America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miron, Mary, Ed.

    This collection of articles provides an overview of some of the recent social science research projects performed by state agricultural experiment stations. The examples highlight social science's contribution to problem-solving in rural business, industry, farming, communities, government, education, and families. The following programs are…

  13. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    , etc . This series of monographs has grown out of the need for up-to-date compilations of radiochemlcal Is one of a series of monographs on radlochemistry of the elements. There Is Includeda reviewI National Academy of Sciences National Research Council I NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

  14. National Research council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    .istry in the undergraduate college program, etc. Ibis series of monographs has grown out of the need for uP_ti-*te aNational Academy of Sciences National Research council s NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES The Radiochemistry chemistry and analytical chemistry. The Subcommittee has concerned iteelf with those areas of nuclear

  15. National Research Louncil NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    of radlochemistry in the undergraduate college progrem, etc , "Thla series of monographs has growq out of the need This volume which deals with the radlochemlstry of potassium is one of a series of monographs5'%.5 K! 959f- C.5 I National Academy d Sciences National Research Louncil B NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

  16. Iational Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    , etc. This series of monographs has grown out of the need for up-to-date compilations of radiochemleal-._. -..--..----- National Academy of Sciences Iational Research Council v'" NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES,pseLaboratory Univer.9i@ of Michigan WILLIAM MARLOW National Bureau of Standarda #12;CHEMISTRY The Radiochemistry

  17. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    , etc. This series of monographs has grown out of the need for up-to-date compilations of radlochemicalE958r i 1 C.9.. National Academy of Sciences v" National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES in the areas of nuclear chemistry and analytical chemistry. The Subcommittee has concerned Itself with those

  18. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    , the place of radiochemistry in the undergraduate college program, etc . This series of monographs has grownI National Academy v of Sciences National Research Council m NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES members represent government, industrial, and university laboratories h the areas of nuclear chemistry

  19. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    , etc. This series of monographs has grown out of the need for up-to-date compilations of radlochemlcal--- ., -. .- National Academy of Sciences v National Research Council B NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES Laboratory University of Michigan WILLIAM MARLOW Nwional Bureau of Standards #12;CHEMISTRY The Radiochemistry

  20. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    in the undergraduate college program, etc . This series of monographs has grown out of the need for up with the.,radlochemistry of gold 1s one of a series of monographs on radiochemlstry of the elementsNational Academy of Sciences v National Research Council I NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

  1. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    of specificatlona for availability of cyclotron time place of radiochemlBtry in the etc. This series cf monographsI I'dational Academy of Sciences National Research Council I NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Massachusetts Institute of Technology #12;CHEMISTRY The Radiochemistry

  2. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    , etc. This series of monographs has grown out of the need for up-to-date compilations of radlochemlcal one of a series of monographs on radlochemistry of the elements. There Is Included a review1 National Academy v of Sciences National Research Council 1, NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

  3. PJational Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    iii #12;INTRODUCTION This volume which deals with the radio chemistry of rhenium Is one of a seriesNa?ional Academy of Sciences PJational Research Council 9 NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES The Radiochemistry Mol-Donk, Belgiugi' . WILLIAM MARLOW National Bureau of Standards #12;CHEMISTRY The Radiochemistry

  4. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    , the place of radlochemistry h the undergraduate college program, etc. This series of monographs has grownNational Academy of Sciences v National Research Council m NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES-Donk,Belgium WILLIAM MARLOW NationalBureauofStandards #12;CHEMISTRY The Radiochernistry of Technetium By EDWARD ANDERS

  5. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    , etc. This series of monographs has grown out of the need for up-to-date compilations of radlochemicalN95?U c-g ! National Academy v of Sciences . National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES I of nuclear chemistry and analytical chemistry- The Subcommittee has concerned Itself w%th those areas

  6. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    , etc . .. This series of monographs has grown out of the need for up-to-date compilations is one of a series of monographs,on radiochemlstry of the elements. Tflere Is Included a review1 Naticmal Academy v of Sciences National Research Council B NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

  7. National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES

    E-print Network

    I ` ~~ National Academy v of Sciences National Research Council Ii NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIEStryin the undergraduatecollege program, eto. TIME series of mnographn has grown out of the need for up-to-date compilationsof radiochemiaal information and procedureE. w subcommittee has endeavored to present a series which

  8. H-indices of Academic Pediatricians of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

    PubMed Central

    Hamidreza, Kianifar; Javad, Akhoondian; Ramin, Sadeghi; Leili, Zarifmahmoudi

    2013-01-01

    Background: Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar are three major sources which provide h-indices for individual researchers. In this study we aimed to compare the h-indices of the academic pediatricians of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences obtained from the above mentioned sources. Method: Academic pediatrician who had at least 5 ISI indexed articles entered the study. Information required for evaluating the h-indices of the included researchers were retrieved from official websites Web of Science (WOS), Scopus, and Google Scholar (GS). Correlations between obtained h-indices from the mentioned databases were analyzed using Spearrman correlation coefficient. Ranks of each researcher according to each database h-index were also evaluated. Results: In general, 16 pediatricians entered the study. Computed h-indices for individual authors were different in each database. Correlations between obtained h-indices were: 0.439 (ISI and Scopus), 0.488 (ISI and GS), and 0.810 (Scopus and GS). Despite differences between evaluated h-indices in each database for individual authors, the rankings according to these h-indices were almost similar. Conclusion: Although h-indices supplied by WOS, SCOPUS, and GS can be used interchangeably, their differences should be acknowledged. Setting up “ReasercherID” in WOS and “User profile” in GS, and giving regular feedback to SCOPUS can increase the validity of the calculated h-indices. PMID:24554795

  9. Life-sciences research opportunities in commercial suborbital space flight

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shelhamer, Mark

    2014-11-01

    Commercial suborbital space flights will reach altitudes above 100 km, with 3-5 min of weightlessness bracketed by high-g launch and landing phases. The proposed frequency of these flights, and the large passenger population, present interesting opportunities for researchers in the life sciences. The characteristics of suborbital flight are between those of parabolic and orbital flights, opening up new scientific possibilities and easing the burden for obtaining access to 0g. There are several areas where these flights might be used for research in the life sciences: (1) operational research: preparation for “real” space flight, such as rehearsal of medical procedures, (2) applied research-to answer questions relevant to long-term space flight; (3) passenger health and safety-effects on passengers, relevant to screening and training; (4) basic research in physiological mechanisms-to address issues of fundamental science. We describe possible projects in each of these categories. One in particular spans several areas. Based on the anticipated suborbital flight profiles, observations from parabolic flight, and the wide range of fitness and experience levels of suborbital passengers, sensorimotor disturbances such as motion sickness and disorientation are major concerns. Protocols for pre-flight adaptation of sensorimotor responses might help to alleviate some of these problems, based on results from research in the initial flights. This would improve the passenger experience and add to the knowledge base relevant to space flight more generally.

  10. Cancer Research Institute, Loma Linda University Medical Center

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1994-08-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) DOE/EA-0975, evaluating the construction, equipping and operation of the Cancer Research Institute (CRI) at the Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC) on its campus in Loma Linda, California. Based on the analysis in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not required. This document describes alternatives, the affected environment and environmental consequences of the proposed action.

  11. Bioastronautics: optimizing human performance through research and medical innovations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Williams, David R.

    2002-01-01

    A strategic use of resources is essential to achieving long-duration space travel and understanding the human physiological changes in space, including the roles of food and nutrition in space. To effectively address the challenges of space flight, the Bioastronautics Initiative, undertaken in 2001, expands extramural collaboration and leverages unique capabilities of the scientific community and the federal government, all the while applying this integrated knowledge to Earth-based problems. Integral to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's missions in space is the reduction of risk of medical complications, particularly during missions of long duration. Cumulative medical experience and research provide the ability to develop evidence-based medicine for prevention, countermeasures, and treatment modalities for space flight. The early approach applied terrestrial clinical judgment to predict medical problems in space. Space medicine has evolved to an evidence-based approach with the use of biomedical data gathered and lessons learned from previous space flight missions to systematically aid in decision making. This approach led, for example, to the determination of preliminary nutritional requirements for space flight, and it aids in the development of nutrition itself as a countermeasure to support nutritional mitigation of adaptation to space.

  12. Howard Hughes Medical Institute: Science Education News Index

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) offers a wide range of educational programs. Part of its work is getting out the word about its own research projects and outreach efforts. On this site, visitors can read short news articles exploring everything from the nature of human evolution and natural selection to fellowship programs. Visitors can browse throughout the offerings chronologically and also look at the important resources on the right-hand side of the page. Here they will find the HHMI On The Web, which features direct links to the BioInteractive web site and Becoming a Scientist, which features 11 HHMI scientists talking about their successes in their fields. The site is rounded out by a link that allows users to sign up for news alerts via email.

  13. Benefits and pitfalls of scientific research during undergraduate medical education

    PubMed Central

    Kuhnigk, Olaf; Böthern, Aenne M.; Reimer, Jens; Schäfer, Ingo; Biegler, Astrid; Jueptner, Markus; Gelderblom, Mathias; Harendza, Sigrid

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The integration of scientific research into medical education is a widely discussed topic. Most research training programs are offered on a voluntary basis. In Germany, it is mandatory to complete a doctoral thesis to obtain the academic title “doctor”. The reasons why students start a dissertation project and the influence of this project on their undergraduate studies and later career choices are not well known. Method: This study was conducted at five German universities in 2003, with a total of 437 fifth-year students participating in it. A standardised questionnaire was used to ask participants about their current or finished dissertation (group A), a dissertation they had discontinued (group B) or why they had never started a dissertation project (group C). Results: The two most important reasons for students from group A to start a dissertation were “interest in the topic” and “advantage for job applications”. Compared with group B, they mentioned “improved ability to critically appraise scientific studies” and “doing scientific work independently” significantly more often as a result of working on their dissertation. Starting a dissertation project early during undergraduate studies was correlated with a less successful outcome. Moreover, working on a dissertation significantly reduced time spent on undergraduate studies. Students from group C named the "workload of undergraduate studies" and “no time” most frequently as reasons for not having started a dissertation. Conclusion: Students who have been working successfully on a dissertation rate items regarding the acquisition of scientific research skills significantly more positively, and participation in undergraduate studies seems to be negatively affected by working on a dissertation project. Therefore, basic training in scientific research methodology should become an integrated part of the medical undergraduate curriculum, while special programs should be offered for students with a particular interest in scientific research programs or an academic career. PMID:21818217

  14. Operations Research Tools for Addressing Current Challenges in Emergency Medical Services

    E-print Network

    Henderson, Shane

    Medical Service (EMS) provider is to respond to calls for assistance, render urgent medical careOperations Research Tools for Addressing Current Challenges in Emergency Medical Services Shane G. Henderson March 26, 2009 Abstract Emergency Medical Service (EMS) providers face a host of significant

  15. Abstract--Medical image segmentation is one of the most productive research areas in medical image processing. The

    E-print Network

    Jepson, Allan D.

    image segmentation is performed using statistics[1], fuzzy logic[2], neural networks[3], active contoursAbstract--Medical image segmentation is one of the most productive research areas in medical image processing. The goal of most new image segmentation algorithms is to achieve higher segmentation accuracy

  16. Study of Sleep Habits and Sleep Problems Among Medical Students of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences Loni, Western Maharashtra, India

    PubMed Central

    Giri, PA; Baviskar, MP; Phalke, DB

    2013-01-01

    Background: Good quality sleep and adequate amount of sleep are important in order to have better cognitive performance and avoid health problems and psychiatric disorders. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe sleep habits and sleep problems in a population of undergraduates, interns and postgraduate students of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Maharashtra, India. Subject and Methods: Sleep habits and problems were investigated using a convenience sample of students from Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Maharashtra, India. The study was carried out during Oct. to Dec. 2011 with population consisted of total 150 medical students. A self-administered questionnaire developed based on Epworth Daytime Sleepiness Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used. Data was analyzed by using Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0. Results: In this study, out of 150 medical students, 26/150 (17.3%) students had abnormal levels of daytime sleepiness while 20/150 (13.3%) were border line. Sleep quality in females was better than the male. Conclusion: Disorders related to poor sleep qualities are significant problems among medical students in our institution. Caffeine and alcohol ingestion affected sleep and there was high level of daytime sleepiness. Sleep difficulties resulted in irritability and affected lifestyle and interpersonal relationships. PMID:23634330

  17. The Reorganization of Basic Science Departments in U.S. Medical Schools, 1980-1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallon, William T.; Biebuyck, Julien F.; Jones, Robert F.

    2003-01-01

    Constructed a longitudinal database to examine how basic science departments have been reorganized at U.S. medical schools. Found that there were fewer basic science departments in the traditional disciplines of anatomy, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology, and physiology in 1999 than in 1980. But as biomedical science has developed in an…

  18. College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine

    E-print Network

    Glasgow, University of

    LECTURER College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health, Veterinary and Life Sciences (MVLS; http://www.gla.ac.uk/colleges/mvls/). The College was created in 2010), at the veterinary sciences base on the Garscube estate and at the Scottish Centre for Ecology and the Natural

  19. Knowledge of medical students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences regarding plagiarism.

    PubMed

    Gharedaghi, Mohammad Hadi; Nourijelyani, Keramat; Salehi Sadaghiani, Mohammad; Yousefzadeh-Fard, Yashar; Gharedaghi, Azadeh; Javadian, Pouya; Morteza, Afsaneh; Andrabi, Yasir; Nedjat, Saharnaz

    2013-01-01

    The core concept of plagiarism is defined as the use of other people's ideas or words without proper acknowledgement. Herein, we used a questionnaire to assess the knowledge of students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) regarding plagiarism and copyright infringement. The questionnaire comprised 8 questions. The first six questions of the questionnaire were translations of exercises of a book about academic writing and were concerning plagiarism in preparing articles. Questions number 7 and 8 (which were concerning plagiarism in preparing Microsoft PowerPoint slideshows and copyright infringement, respectively) were developed by the authors of the present study. The validity of the questionnaire was approved by five experts in the field of epidemiology and biostatistics. A pilot study consisting of a test and retest was carried to assess the reliability of the questionnaire. The sampling method was stratified random sampling, and the questionnaire was handed out to 74 interns of TUMS during July and August 2011. 14.9% of the students correctly answered the first six questions. 44.6% of the students were adequately familiar with proper referencing in Microsoft PowerPoint slideshows. 16.2% of the students understood what constitutes copyright infringement. The number of correctly answered questions by the students was directly proportionate to the number of their published articles. Knowledge of students of TUMS regarding plagiarism and copyright infringement is quite poor. Courses with specific focus on plagiarism and copyright infringement might help in this regard. PMID:23852849

  20. Recent advances in hydrogen research as a therapeutic medical gas.

    PubMed

    Huang, Chien-Sheng; Kawamura, Tomohiro; Toyoda, Yoshiya; Nakao, Atsunori

    2010-09-01

    Recent basic and clinical research has revealed that hydrogen is an important physiological regulatory factor with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic protective effects on cells and organs. Therapeutic hydrogen has been applied by different delivery methods including straightforward inhalation, drinking hydrogen dissolved in water and injection with hydrogen-saturated saline. This review summarizes currently available data regarding the protective role of hydrogen, provides an outline of recent advances in research on the use of hydrogen as a therapeutic medical gas in diverse models of disease and discusses the feasibility of hydrogen as a therapeutic strategy. It is not an overstatement to say that hydrogen's impact on therapeutic and preventive medicine could be enormous in the future. PMID:20815764

  1. Planning for life sciences research in space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mallory, K. M., Jr.; Deutsch, S.

    1976-01-01

    Invitations to participate in planning the NASA Life Sciences Program in Space were mailed to members of the Life Sciences community at large during April 1975. The invitation is related to current planning for Life Sciences research in space during the 1980's, taking into account a use of the Space Shuttle, Spacelab, and the unmanned Biological Experiments Scientific Satellite (BESS). A response form to be completed and returned to NASA by the scientists included questions requesting suggestions on topics-for-research, laboratory equipment, and test specimens. A description of the invitation results is presented, taking into account general response, respondent specialties, laboratory equipment, test specimens, and research objectives. Attention is also given to an Announcement of Opportunities (AO) for the Space Transportation System. The AO was issued by the Office of Space Science in March 1976.

  2. Global health diplomacy training for military medical researchers.

    PubMed

    Katz, Rebecca; Blazes, David; Bae, Jennifer; Puntambekar, Nisha; Perdue, Christopher L; Fischer, Julie

    2014-04-01

    Given the unprecedented growth of global health initiatives in the past decade, informal diplomacy between technical partners plays an increasingly important role in shaping opportunities and outcomes. This article describes a course developed and executed specifically to equip U.S. military health professionals with core skills in practical diplomacy critical to help them successfully plan and implement public health surveillance, research, and capacity building programs with partner nation governments and organizations. We identified core competencies in practical diplomacy for laboratory and public health researchers, catalogued and evaluated existing training programs, and then developed a pilot course in global health diplomacy for military medical researchers. The pilot course was held in June 2012, and focused on analyzing contemporary issues related to global health diplomacy through the framework of actors, drivers, and policies that affect public health research and capacity-building, beginning at the level of global health governance and cooperation and moving progressively to regional (supranational), national, and institutional perspective. This course represents an approach geared toward meeting the needs specific to U.S. military public health personnel and researchers working in international settings. PMID:24690959

  3. Social research in health and the American sociopolitical context: the changing fortunes of medical sociology.

    PubMed

    Mechanic, D

    1993-01-01

    The fortunes of medical sociology, like other public policy-relevant disciplines, are shaped by political dynamics and prevailing values and attitudes. In the 1980s the field, which views disease and disability as consequences to a substantial degree of material conditions, social stratification, and inequalities among varying strata, lost ground to economics as societal attention focused on cost containment issues. Sociological concern with social structures clashed with dominant conservative and individualistic perspectives and the increased focus on personal responsibility and market strategies. There was decreasing tolerance in policy circles for the view that health, and the problems affecting disenfranchised groups such as the poor, the homeless, the uninsured and people with disabilities, were more due to our politics and social arrangements than the personal characteristics of those affected. Thus, little attention has been given in public health discourse to how life imperatives and social opportunities and constraints shape behavior. The paper documents the important role of the social sciences in health services research with special attention to examining the social context of the RAND Health Insurance Experiment. Although many of the questions medical sociology address sit on the periphery of policy-makers' concerns, a strong case is made for the revitalization of a critical scholarly role in medical sociology. I conclude, given the short and longterm problems we face in medicine and health, that we would have to invent a vigorous critical medical sociological enterprise if we did not already have one. PMID:8421794

  4. |reportinglifesciencesresearch Reporting Life Sciences Research

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    For Life Sciences Articles that this information is reported. Reporting Experimental Design Sample size the experiments what sample size is needed to ensure statistical power of detection. If no sample size calculation was performed, the authors should report why they think the sample size is adequate to measure their effect size

  5. Not a minor problem: involving adolescents in medical device design research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexandra R. Lang; Jennifer L. Martin; Sarah Sharples; John A. Crowe; Elizabeth Murphy

    2012-01-01

    This article outlines how adolescents are currently overlooked as a specific user group of medical devices and positions the contribution that ergonomics (human factors) can make in mitigating this issue. Details are provided of the current barriers to adolescent inclusion in medical device design research. The discussion then provides guidance and suggested strategies for researchers, clinical staff and medical device

  6. Offices of Research in Medical Education: Accomplishments and Added Value Contributions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albanese, Mark A.; Dottl, Susan; Nowacek, George A.

    2001-01-01

    Examined how the Society of Directors of Research in Medical Education (SDRME) and offices of medical education (OMEs) have contributed to the research in medical education (RIME) efforts. Found that SDRME has sponsored literature reviews and collaborated with various national organizations. OMEs have served the needs of their institutions and…

  7. University of Rochester Medical Center / Saunders Research Building Entrance to Saunders

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    University of Rochester Medical Center / Saunders Research Building Visitor Parking Entrance to Saunders Research Building New York State Thruway University of Rochester Medical Center Enlarged Detail of University of Rochester Medical Center · 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, New York 14642 Directions to Saunders

  8. University of Rochester Medical Center / Saunders Research Building Entrance to Saunders

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    University of Rochester Medical Center / Saunders Research Building Visitor Parking Entrance to Saunders Research Building New York State Thruway University of Rochester Medical Center Enlarged Detail of University of Rochester Medical Center · 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, New York Directions to Saunders

  9. Trends of Science Education Research: An Automatic Content Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Yueh-Hsia; Chang, Chun-Yen; Tseng, Yuen-Hsien

    2010-01-01

    This study used scientometric methods to conduct an automatic content analysis on the development trends of science education research from the published articles in the four journals of "International Journal of Science Education, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Research in Science Education, and Science Education" from 1990 to 2007. The…

  10. The medical assistant certificate and associate of applied science degree programs prepare students for employment in the healthcare

    E-print Network

    Hartman, Chris

    MEDICAL ASSISTANT The medical assistant certificate and associate of applied science degree in the theory and skills for both office work and clinical care. The medical assistant certificate incorporates both the medical office reception occupational endorsement and the medical/dental reception certificate

  11. Chain and network science: A research framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacques H. Trienekens; George Beers

    2001-01-01

    In this first article of the Journal on Chain and Network Science the base-line is set for a discussion on contents and scope of chain and network theory. Chain and network research is clustered into four main 'streams': Network theory, social capital theory, supply chain management and business economics and organizational theory. Furthermore a research agenda is formulated. The article

  12. National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates

    E-print Network

    -baccalaureate undergraduate students majoring in biochemistry, chemistry, genetics, biology, or any life science. Preference students to participate in a 10-week intensive summer research program during the summer of 2013. Under the direction of our faculty, students will join a laboratory team to conduct research in modern biochemistry

  13. Environmental Research Puts Science into Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaikowski, Lori; Lichtman, Paul

    2007-01-01

    The new paradigm for student research should be articulations and collaborations with local governmental, academic, and civic entities. This will enable students to make lasting contributions to bettering their communities through scientific research, and to better understand the practical relevance of science. This article presents two such…

  14. Engineering and Applied Science, Recent Research Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate of Engineering and Applied Science.

    This collection contains abstracts of technical reports and journal articles resulting from research funded by the National Science Foundation. Included in the collection are abstracts arranged in several categories: (1) electrical, computer, and systems engineering; (2) civil and mechanical engineering; (3) applied research; (4) problem-focused…

  15. Research Methods in the Social Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Somekh, Bridget, Ed.; Lewin, Cathy, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    This book is intended as a resource and an indispensable companion to welcome educators into the community of social science research. While it is recognized that some methodological frameworks are incompatible with others, the overarching premise of the book is to indicate how a wide range of researchers choose a methodology and methods which are…

  16. A new chapter in doctoral candidate training: The Helmholtz Space Life Sciences Research School (SpaceLife)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. E. Hellweg; R. Gerzer; G. Reitz

    2011-01-01

    In the field of space life sciences, the demand of an interdisciplinary and specific training of young researchers is high due to the complex interaction of medical, biological, physical, technical and other questions. The Helmholtz Space Life Sciences Research School (SpaceLife) offers an excellent interdisciplinary training for doctoral students from different fields (biology, biochemistry, biotechnology, physics, psychology, nutrition or sports

  17. Walther Oncology Physical Sciences & Engineering Research Embedding Program

    E-print Network

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Walther Oncology Physical Sciences & Engineering Research Embedding Program NEED IMPACT STATEMENT INITIATIVE The Walther Oncology Physical Sciences & Engineering Research Embedding Program is a joint effort Care Engineering (CCE) project sponsored by the Oncological Sciences Center in Discovery Park

  18. Division of Biological and Medical Research annual technical report 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Rosenthal, M.W. (ed.)

    1983-05-01

    This report summarizes research during 1982 in the Division of Biological and Medical Research, Argonne National Laboratory. Studies in Carcinogenesis address mechanisms of chemical and radiation carcinogenesis including the processes of tumor initiation and promotion. The studies employ rat liver and mouse skin models as well as human rodent cell culture systems. The use of liposomes for metal mobilization is also explored. Low Level Radiation studies include delineation of the hematopoietic and other responses of dogs to continuous low level gamma irradiation, comparison of lifetime effects in mice of low level neutron and gamma irradiation, and study of the genetic effects of high LET radiation. Molecular Biology research develops two-dimensional electrophoresis systems for diagnosis and detection of cancer and other diseases. Fundamental structural and biophysical investigations of immunoglobulins and other key proteins are included, as are studies of cell growth, and of molecular and cellular effects of solar uv light. Research in Toxicology uses cellular, physiological, whole animal, and chronobiological end points and chemical separations to elucidate mechanisms and evaluate hazards of coal conversion by-products, actinides, and toxic metals. The final sections cover support facilities, educational activities, seminars, staff talks, staff, and funding agencies.

  19. Developing a theory of clinical instructor identity using the experiences of medical laboratory science practitioners.

    PubMed

    Miller, Wendy

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated medical laboratory science clinical instructors' beliefs about teaching and how they viewed themselves as teachers. The first phase of the study included an integrative literature review, which suggested that the development of teacher identity in school-based educators, and to a lesser extent higher education faculty, is dependent on four dimensions: personal factors, training factors, contextual factors, and reflective practice. The second phase of this study began qualitative inquiry into the ways that these participants described their teaching and professional identity. Interviews were conducted with medical laboratory science clinical instructors in order to gain an understanding of their perceptions of themselves as teachers. The data collected in this study indicate that this group of clinical instructors saw themselves as teachers who were responsible for providing students with technical skills needed to become competent practitioners and the theoretical foundation necessary to pass the national certification exam. The study participants also saw themselves as mentors who were responsible for passing along professional knowledge to the next generation of laboratory practitioners. During data analysis three themes emerged that represent aspects of teacher identity in clinical instructors: belief in one's teaching ability, desire to expand one's professional responsibilities, and reflection on one's teaching. The findings from this study may provide a foundation for future research designed to measure teacher identity in clinical instructors. PMID:25000652

  20. Needs and opportunities for improving the health, safety, and productivity of medical research facilities.

    PubMed Central

    Hodgson, M; Brodt, W; Henderson, D; Loftness, V; Rosenfeld, A; Woods, J; Wright, R

    2000-01-01

    Medical research facilities, indeed all the nation's constructed facilities, must be designed, operated, and maintained in a manner that supports the health, safety, and productivity of the occupants. The National Construction Goals, established by the National Science and Technology Council, envision substantial improvements in occupant health and worker productivity. The existing research and best practices case studies support this conclusion, but too frequently building industry professionals lack the knowledge to design, construct, operate, and maintain facilities at these optimum levels. There is a need for more research and more collaborative efforts between medical and facilities engineering researchers and practitioners in order to attain the National Construction Goals. Such collaborative efforts will simultaneously support attainment of the National Health Goals. This article is the summary report of the Healthy Buildings Committee for the Leadership Conference: Biomedical Facilities and the Environment sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, the National Association of Physicians for the Environment, and the Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers on 1--2 November 1999 in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. PMID:11124125

  1. 77 FR 23810 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-20

    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  2. 78 FR 22622 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-16

    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  3. 76 FR 19188 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  4. 77 FR 26069 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-02

    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  5. 78 FR 66992 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...behavioral, and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  6. 75 FR 57833 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  7. 77 FR 20489 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  8. 77 FR 64598 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  9. 76 FR 1212 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meeting will...

  10. 76 FR 79273 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...behavioral, and clinical science research. The panel meeting will...

  11. 78 FR 28292 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  12. 76 FR 66367 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-26

    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  13. 76 FR 24974 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-03

    ...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services Scientific...biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel meetings will...

  14. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects.

    PubMed

    2014-01-01

    Published research in English-language journals are increasingly required to carry a statement that the study has been approved and monitored by an Institutional Review Board in conformance with 45 CFR 46 standards if the study was conducted in the United States. Alternative language attesting conformity with the Helsinki Declaration is often included when the research was conducted in Europe or elsewhere. The Helsinki Declaration was created by the World Medical Association in 1964 (ten years before the Belmont Report) and has been amended several times. The Helsinki Declaration differs from its American version in several respects, the most significant of which is that it was developed by and for physicians. The term "patient" appears in many places where we would expect to see "subject." It is stated in several places that physicians must either conduct or have supervisory control of the research. The dual role of the physician-researcher is acknowledged, but it is made clear that the role of healer takes precedence over that of scientist. In the United States, the federal government developed and enforces regulations on researcher; in the rest of the world, the profession, or a significant part of it, took the initiative in defining and promoting good research practice, and governments in many countries have worked to harmonize their standards along these lines. The Helsinki Declaration is based less on key philosophical principles and more on prescriptive statements. Although there is significant overlap between the Belmont and the Helsinki guidelines, the latter extends much further into research design and publication. Elements in a research protocol, use of placebos, and obligation to enroll trials in public registries (to ensure that negative findings are not buried), and requirements to share findings with the research and professional communities are included in the Helsinki Declaration. As a practical matter, these are often part of the work of American IRBs, but not always as a formal requirement. Reflecting the socialist nature of many European counties, there is a requirement that provision be made for patients to be made whole regardless of the outcomes of the trial or if they happened to have been randomized to a control group that did not enjoy the benefits of a successful experimental intervention. PMID:25951678

  15. National Exposure Research Laboratory: Environmental Sciences Division

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    "The Environmental Sciences Division (ESD) of the Office of Research and Development's National Exposure Research Laboratory conducts research, development, and technology transfer programs on environmental exposures to ecological and human receptors." Chemists can discover ESD's methods for characterizing chemical stressors and its research and monitoring of contamination. Researchers can download various models for contaminate transport, data analysis, and environmental assessments. The website provides many online scientific articles dealing with ESD's projects including spatial interpolations, the Trace Organic Analysis, and the use of a mass spectrometer in environmental forensics.

  16. Children's Oncology Group's 2013 blueprint for research: behavioral science.

    PubMed

    Noll, Robert B; Patel, Sunita K; Embry, Leanne; Hardy, Kristina K; Pelletier, Wendy; Annett, Robert D; Patenaude, Andrea; Lown, E Anne; Sands, Stephen A; Barakat, Lamia P

    2013-06-01

    Behavioral science has long played a central role in pediatric oncology clinical service and research. Early work focused on symptom relief related to side effects of chemotherapy and pain management related to invasive medical procedures. As survival rates improved, the focused has shifted to examination of the psychosocial impact, during and after treatment, of pediatric cancer and its treatment on children and their families. The success of the clinical trials networks related to survivorship highlights an even more critical role in numerous domains of psychosocial research and care. Within the cooperative group setting, the field of behavioral science includes psychologists, social workers, physicians, nurses, and parent advisors. The research agenda of this group of experts needs to focus on utilization of psychometrically robust measures to evaluate the impact of treatment on children with cancer and their families during and after treatment ends. Over the next 5 years, the field of behavioral science will need to develop and implement initiatives to expand use of standardized neurocognitive and behavior batteries; increase assessment of neurocognition using technology; early identification of at-risk children/families; establish standards for evidence-based psychosocial care; and leverage linkages with the broader behavioral health pediatric oncology community to translate empirically supported research clinical trials care to practice. PMID:23255478

  17. Citizen Science: Contributions to Astronomy Research

    E-print Network

    Christian, Carol; Smith, Arfon; Fortson, Lucy; Bamford, Steven

    2012-01-01

    The contributions of everyday individuals to significant research has grown dramatically beyond the early days of classical birdwatching and endeavors of amateurs of the 19th century. Now people who are casually interested in science can participate directly in research covering diverse scientific fields. Regarding astronomy, volunteers, either as individuals or as networks of people, are involved in a variety of types of studies. Citizen Science is intuitive, engaging, yet necessarily robust in its adoption of sci-entific principles and methods. Herein, we discuss Citizen Science, focusing on fully participatory projects such as Zooniverse (by several of the au-thors CL, AS, LF, SB), with mention of other programs. In particular, we make the case that citizen science (CS) can be an important aspect of the scientific data analysis pipelines provided to scientists by observatories.

  18. Determination of rate of customer focus in educational programs at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences1 based on students’ viewpoints

    PubMed Central

    Shams, Assadollah; Yarmohammadian, Mohammad Hosein; Abbarik, Hadi Hayati

    2012-01-01

    Background: Today, the challenges of quality improvement and customer focus as well as systems development are important and inevitable matters in higher education institutes. There are some highly competitive challenges among educational institutes, including accountability to social needs, increasing costs of education, diversity in educational methods and centers and their consequent increasing competition, and the need for adaptation of new information and knowledge to focus on students as the main customers. Hence, the purpose of this study was to determine the rate of costumer focus based on Isfahan University of Medical Sciences students’ viewpoints and to suggest solutions to improve this rate. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in 2011. The statistical population included all the students of seven faculties of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. According to statistical formulae, the sample size consisted of 384 subjects. Data collection tools included researcher-made questionnaire whose reliability was found to be 87% by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Finally, using the SPSS statistical software and statistical methods of independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Likert scale based data were analyzed. Results: The mean of overall score for customer focus (student-centered) of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences was 46.54. Finally, there was a relation between the mean of overall score for customer focus and gender, educational levels, and students’ faculties. Researcher suggest more investigation between Medical University and others. Conclusion: It is a difference between medical sciences universities and others regarding the customer focus area, since students’ gender must be considered as an effective factor in giving healthcare services quality. In order to improve the customer focus, it is essential to take facilities, field of study, faculties, and syllabus into consideration. PMID:23555127

  19. University Science Research and Education Beyond 2000

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fleury, Paul

    1998-03-01

    The American university system has become the envy of the world over the past five decades for its leadership in scientific research and graduate education. Today, the environment and circumstances underlying that leadership are experiencing dramatic change, posing serious challenges to the role and indeed the future of the research university. In this talk we will discuss these changes - end of the Cold War, globalization of industrial operations, outsourcing of R&D, US budget deficits, reexamination of National Laboratory and funding agency missions, reductions in industrial basic research efforts, etc.- in terms of new modes of research support and execution that they are engendering. Numerous studies and government programs have encouraged formation of inter-organization partnerships to enable more efficient use of research dollars. The results have thus far been mixed at best. While much research has thus been brought 'closer to the customer', concerns about long-term and idea-driven research remain, particularly in the case of small science. We will discuss 'pro's and con's' of research partnering. Also even as undergraduate enrollments in science and engineering have declined, career opportunities for graduates have expanded. However, university curricula and research programs have tended to follow rather than drive, those opportunities. Some examples of and suggestions for evolving university science research and education together will be discussed. References: "Driving Innovation Through Materials Research"-Proceedings of the 1996 Solid State Sciences Forum, National Academy Press, Washington D.C.,1996 "Endless Frontier, Limited Resources", Council on Competitiveness, Washington, D.C., April 1996 http://nii.nist.gov/pubs/coc_rd/

  20. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care

    E-print Network

    Doran, Simon J.

    conditions Public health and epidemiology Policy and organisational analysis Medicines management CaseFaculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Leading and Managing Long management competencies Risk assessment, risk analysis and risk assessment tools Decision making

  1. 76 FR 36556 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ...personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Institutional Postdoctoral Training Programs. Date: July 15, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

  2. 75 FR 63497 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ...invasion of personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Wound Healing Center Grant. Date: November 9, 2010. Time: 12 p.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

  3. Global change research: Science and policy

    SciTech Connect

    Rayner, S.

    1993-05-01

    This report characterizes certain aspects of the Global Change Research Program of the US Government, and its relevance to the short and medium term needs of policy makers in the public and private sectors. It addresses some of the difficulties inherent in the science and policy interface on the issues of global change. Finally, this report offers some proposals for improving the science for policy process in the context of global environmental change.

  4. Molecular Science Research Center 1992 annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Knotek, M.L.

    1994-01-01

    The Molecular Science Research Center is a designated national user facility, available to scientists from universities, industry, and other national laboratories. After an opening section, which includes conferences hosted, appointments, and projects, this document presents progress in the following fields: chemical structure and dynamics; environmental dynamics and simulation; macromolecular structure and dynamics; materials and interfaces; theory, modeling, and simulation; and computing and information sciences. Appendices are included: MSRC staff and associates, 1992 publications and presentations, activities, and acronyms and abbreviations.

  5. Integrating medical and research information: a big data approach.

    PubMed

    Tilve Álvarez, Carlos M; Ayora Pais, Alberto; Ruíz Romero, Cristina; Llamas Gómez, Daniel; Carrajo García, Lino; Blanco García, Francisco J; Vázquez González, Guillermo

    2015-01-01

    Most of the information collected in different fields by Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC) is classified as unstructured due to its high volume and heterogeneity. This situation, linked to the recent requirement of integrating it to the medical information, makes it necessary to implant specific architectures to collect and organize it before it can be analysed. The purpose of this article is to present the Hadoop framework as a solution to the problem of integrating research information in the Business Intelligence field. This framework can collect, explore, process and structure the aforementioned information, which allow us to develop an equivalent function to a data mart in an Intelligence Business system. PMID:25991244

  6. Visionlearning: Research Methods: The Practice of Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-10-01

    This instructional module introduces four types of research methods: experimentation, description, comparison, and modeling. It was developed to help learners understand that the classic definition of the "scientific method" does not capture the dynamic nature of science investigation. As learners explore each methodology, they develop an understanding of why scientists use multiple methods to gather data and develop hypotheses. It is appropriate for introductory physics courses and for teachers seeking content support in research practices. Editor's Note: Secondary students often cling to the notion that scientific research follows a stock, standard "scientific method". They may be unaware of the differences between experimental research, correlative studies, observation, and computer-based modeling research. In this resource, they can glimpse each methodology in the context of a real study done by respected scientists. This resource is part of Visionlearning, an award-winning set of classroom-tested modules for science education.

  7. Selecting students for medical school: What predicts success during basic science studies? A cognitive approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sari Lindblom-Ylänne; Kirsti Lonka; Esko Leskinen

    1996-01-01

    This study focuses on differences between multiple-choice science tests and a learning-from-text (LFT) test, and how these tests predict success in basic medical studies. The subjects (N = 503) were applicants to the Helsinki University Medical Faculty. All of them had to take an entrance examination in order to be considered for admission to a 6-year study programme combining medical

  8. Basic Science Reasoning and Clinical Reasoning Intertwined: Epistemological Analysis and Consequences for Medical Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorenzo Magnani

    1997-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to emphasize the distinction between basic medical science (and reasoning) and clinical science (and\\u000a reasoning) in order to illuminate some basic philosophical and cognitive issues in medical education. The Kunhian concept\\u000a of exemplar refers to the field of growth of scientific knowledge and in this sense is related to the “anti-theoretical” emphasis\\u000a on problem

  9. Symbolic Interaction and Applied Social Research: A FOCUS ON TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE RESEARCH(1.)

    PubMed

    Kotarba, Joseph A

    2014-08-01

    In symbolic interaction, a traditional yet unfortunate and unnecessary distinction has been made between basic and applied research. The argument has been made that basic research is intended to generate new knowledge, whereas applied research is intended to apply knowledge to the solution of practical (social and organizational) problems. I will argue that the distinction between basic and applied research in symbolic interaction is outdated and dysfunctional. The masters of symbolic interactionist thought have left us a proud legacy of shaping their scholarly thinking and inquiry in response to and in light of practical issues of the day (e.g., Znaniecki, and Blumer). Current interactionist work continues this tradition in topical areas such as social justice studies. Applied research, especially in term of evaluation and needs assessment studies, can be designed to serve both basic and applied goals. Symbolic interaction provides three great resources to do this. The first is its orientation to dynamic sensitizing concepts that direct research and ask questions instead of supplying a priori and often impractical answers. The second is its orientation to qualitative methods, and appreciation for the logic of grounded theory. The third is interactionism's overall holistic approach to interfacing with the everyday life world. The primary illustrative case here is the qualitative component of the evaluation of an NIH-funded, translational medical research program. The qualitative component has provided interactionist-inspired insights into translational research, such as examining cultural change in medical research in terms of changes in the form and content of formal and informal discourse among scientists; delineating the impact of significant symbols such as "my lab" on the social organization of science; and appreciating the essence of the self-concept "scientist" on the increasingly bureaucratic and administrative identities of medical researchers. This component has also contributed to the basic social scientific literature on complex organizations and the self. PMID:25221375

  10. Medical education as a science: The quality of evidence for computer-assisted instruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerard S. Letterie

    2003-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: A marked increase in the number of computer programs for computer-assisted instruction in the medical sciences has occurred over the past 10 years. The quality of both the programs and the literature that describe these programs has varied considerably. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the pub- lished literature that described computer-assisted instruction in medical education and

  11. Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology (MLT to BSMT) 2011-2012 Old Dominion University Catalog

    E-print Network

    . To be eligible, students must have graduated from a formal laboratory technician training programBachelor of Science in Medical Technology (MLT to BSMT) 2011-2012 Old Dominion University Catalog 120 total credit hours.. MEDT 309 Medical Bacteriology 3 MEDT 311 Hematology 3 MEDT 315 Clinical

  12. Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology (MLT to BSMT) 2012-2013 Old Dominion University Catalog

    E-print Network

    graduated from a formal laboratory technician training program and be currently employed in a fullBachelor of Science in Medical Technology (MLT to BSMT) 2012-2013 Old Dominion University Catalog 120 total credit hours.. MEDT 309 Medical Bacteriology 3 MEDT 311 Hematology 3 MEDT 315 Clinical

  13. Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology (MLT to BSMT) 2013-2014 Old Dominion University Catalog

    E-print Network

    , students must have graduated from a formal laboratory technician training program and be currently employedBachelor of Science in Medical Technology (MLT to BSMT) 2013-2014 Old Dominion University Catalog Sufficient to reach 120 total credit hours.. MEDT 309 Medical Bacteriology 3 MEDT 311 Hematology 3 MEDT 315

  14. Inspiring Careers in STEM and Healthcare Fields through Medical Simulation Embedded in High School Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berk, Louis J.; Muret-Wagstaff, Sharon L.; Goyal, Riya; Joyal, Julie A.; Gordon, James A.; Faux, Russell; Oriol, Nancy E.

    2014-01-01

    The most effective ways to promote learning and inspire careers related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) remain elusive. To address this gap, we reviewed the literature and designed and implemented a high-fidelity, medical simulation-based Harvard Medical School MEDscience course, which was integrated into high school…

  15. [Research on medical data mining and its applications].

    PubMed

    Liu, Chanzhen; Wang, Youjun

    2014-10-01

    With the development of computer technology, medical data has developed from traditional paper pattern into electronic mode, which could effectively promote the medical development. This paper at first presents the status and characteristics of medical data mining. Then, it discusses the critical method of medical data mining in classification, clustering and prediction, respectively. The paper focuses on the application and assessment of five algorithms which are designed for medical data mining, including decision tree, cluster analysis, association rule, intelligent algorithm and the mix algorithm. Finally, this paper outlooks the data mining application in medical domain. PMID:25764746

  16. The Research of Medical Safety Information Engineering in Hospital Application Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jian, Hao; Fan, Zhang; Li-nong, Yu; Jie, Wang; Jun, Fei; Ping, Hao; Ya-wei, Shen; Yue-jin, Chang

    Objective-Explore and research the application effect of medical security information engineering in the hospital. Methods-Based on the real examples of the medical security hidden danger, the transportation module system of medical security is set up. By the all survival cycle's theory and IOP modeling method, four modules of structure model are developed, which are disposal of medical hidden danger. Results-The medical information system is developed, which includes four-in-one modules of structure model of integrated medical security transportation system, disputes evaluation system, protocol handling system, medical case analysis and handling system. And it is applied in the implementation of hospital management. Conclusions-The application of the research in the implementation of hospital management can find security hidden danger of hospital timely, the objective existence of medical disputes problems timely. And it can solve medical disputes timely and appropriately, and achieve ideal result, which is worth popularizing and applying in the hospital management.

  17. [Research on medical instrument information integration technology based on IHE PCD].

    PubMed

    Zheng, Jianli; Liao, Yun; Yang, Yongyong

    2014-06-01

    Integrating medical instruments with medical information systems becomes more and more important in healthcare industry. To make medical instruments without standard communication interface possess the capability of interoperating and sharing information with medical information systems, we developed a medical instrument integration gateway based on Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise Patient Care Device (IHE PCD) integration profiles in this research. The core component is an integration engine which is implemented according to integration profiles and Health Level Seven (HL7) messages defined in IHE PCD. Working with instrument specific Javascripts, the engine transforms medical instrument data into HL7 ORU message. This research enables medical instruments to interoperate and exchange medical data with information systems in a standardized way, and is valuable for medical instrument integration, especially for traditional instruments. PMID:25219255

  18. Transnational nurse migration: future directions for medical anthropological research.

    PubMed

    Prescott, Megan; Nichter, Mark

    2014-04-01

    Transnational nurse migration is a serious global health issue in which inequitably distributed shortages hinder health and development goals. This article selectively reviews the literature on nurse migration that has emerged from nursing, health planning, and the social sciences and offers productive directions for future anthropological research. The literature on global nurse migration has largely focused on push/pull economic logic and the concept of brain drain to understand the causes and effects of nurse migration. These concepts obscure political-economic, historical, and cultural factors that pattern nurse migration and influence the complex effects of nurse migration. Global nurse care chain analysis helps illuminate the numerous nodes in the production and migration of nurses, and management of this transnational process. Examples are provided from the Philippines and India to illustrate ways in which this analysis may be deepened, refined and rendered more critical by anthropological research. PMID:24607673

  19. Science,Technology and Research

    E-print Network

    Tan, Chew Lim

    &D in 2004 comprised private sector enterprises, government organisations, institutions of higher education and the public research institutes. A total of 765 private sector enterprises reported that they performed R response rate of private sector enterprises 1.3 1,086 survey forms were sent out to private sector

  20. Science,Technology and Research

    E-print Network

    Tan, Chew Lim

    &D in 2003 comprised private sector enterprises, government organisations, institutions of higher education and the public research institutes. A total of 617 private sector enterprises reported that they performed R response rate of private sector enterprises 1.3 Survey forms were sent to a total of 959 private sector

  1. Science Nation: Virtual Reality Fires up Research Efforts

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Media Convergence Laboratory (MCL) at the University of Central Florida is a place where engineers and artists combine their know-how for video games, virtual reality and a variety of military and commercial products. But there's now a much wider array of researchers discovering the benefits of this lab's toolbox. The Forest Fire project, funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), blends three seemingly unrelated disciplines: psychology, computer science and economics. The aim is to find out if a virtual reality presentation of wildfires might influence local residents to invest in prescribed burns and other protective efforts. Virtual reality and mixed reality (the blending of virtual content with real content) are now being used in a wide range of other scientific applications, including a growing number of medical therapies.

  2. Clinician scientist training program: a proposal for training medical students in clinical research.

    PubMed

    Mark, A L; Kelch, R P

    2001-11-01

    There is national alarm about a decline in the number of clinician scientists. Most of the proposed solutions have focused on housestaff and junior faculty. We propose a new national program for training medical students in clinical research. This program, coined "Clinician Scientist Training Program" (CSTP), would consist of a combined degree program in medicine (MD) and clinical research (eg, masters in translational research or masters in clinical epidemiology). Students could enroll in the program at any stage during medical school. After 3 years of medical school, students would spend at least 2 years in a combined didactic and mentored clinical research training program and then complete medical school. Students could elect to pursue more prolonged clinical research training toward a combined PhD and MD. The CSTP is designed to meet six critical challenges: 1) engage students early in clinical research training; 2) provide a didactic clinical research curriculum; 3) expose students to several years of mentored clinical research training; 4) promote debt prevention by providing tuition payments during medical education and a stipend during clinical research training; 5) facilitate prolonged exposure to a community of peers and mentors in a program with national and institutional identity and respect; and 6) permit enrollment in the program as students enter medical school or at any stage during medical school. If the success of the Medical Scientist Training Program in training medical students in basic research is a guide, the CSTP could become a linchpin for training future generations of clinician scientists. PMID:11730083

  3. Needs Assessment for Research Use of High-Throughput Sequencing at a Large Academic Medical Center

    PubMed Central

    Geskin, Albert; Legowski, Elizabeth; Chakka, Anish; Chandran, Uma R; Barmada, M. Michael; LaFramboise, William A.; Berg, Jeremy; Jacobson, Rebecca S.

    2015-01-01

    Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) methods are driving profound changes in biomedical research, with a growing impact on patient care. Many academic medical centers are evaluating potential models to prepare for the rapid increase in NGS information needs. This study sought to investigate (1) how and where sequencing data is generated and analyzed, (2) research objectives and goals for NGS, (3) workforce capacity and unmet needs, (4) storage capacity and unmet needs, (5) available and anticipated funding resources, and (6) future challenges. As a precursor to informed decision making at our institution, we undertook a systematic needs assessment of investigators using survey methods. We recruited 331 investigators from over 60 departments and divisions at the University of Pittsburgh Schools of Health Sciences and had 140 respondents, or a 42% response rate. Results suggest that both sequencing and analysis bottlenecks currently exist. Significant educational needs were identified, including both investigator-focused needs, such as selection of NGS methods suitable for specific research objectives, and program-focused needs, such as support for training an analytic workforce. The absence of centralized infrastructure was identified as an important institutional gap. Key principles for organizations managing this change were formulated based on the survey responses. This needs assessment provides an in-depth case study which may be useful to other academic medical centers as they identify and plan for future needs. PMID:26115441

  4. An advanced computer system for medical research by WILLIAM J. SANDERS, G. BREITBARD,

    E-print Network

    Wiederhold, Gio

    An advanced computer system for medical research by WILLIAM J. SANDERS, G. BREITBARD, D. CUMMINS, R of computing power, its distribution was such that the research needs of the medical school were not being, not all research projects can afford the luxury of having their own computer nor the specialized man

  5. Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy: Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy (IGSP) is "dedicated to the study of life through scientific inquiry involving interdisciplinary research in genome sciences and policy." The Research section of the IGSP website links to descriptions of several focus areas such as Breast Cancer Genomics, Public Genomics & Intellectual Property, and Environmental Genomics. The site also links to information about the seven IGSP Centers including the Center for Models of Human Disease; the Center for Genome Ethics, Law, & Policy; The Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; and more. Lists of recent research publications by primary author are available as well. In addition, site visitors will find information about a variety of IGSP resources including Sequence Data, Business & Funding Data, Research Software, and, in the near future, a Pharmacogenetics Database.

  6. Twelve Theses on Design Science Research in Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juhani Iivari

    \\u000a This essay discusses 12 theses for guiding design science research. They are aimed at strengthening the design science orientation\\u000a of Information Systems, clarifying future discourses on design science research aspects of the discipline, and giving some\\u000a further guidelines for design science research in Information Systems.

  7. Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns

    E-print Network

    1 Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns: Discussions among of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213­3890 Abstract Computer Science research what privacy practices computer science researchers should adopt, if any. These issues are already very

  8. Calendar 2010-11 COLLEGE OF MEDICAL, VETERINARY & LIFE SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Glasgow, University of

    Prosthodontics and Degree of Master of Science (Dental Science) Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Supplementary Undergraduate Regulations Degree of Bachelor of Dental Surgery ....................................... 9 Degrees of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery ............ 12 Degree of Bachelor

  9. COSEE New England Ocean Science Researcher Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Are you an ocean science researcher who would you like assistance engaging in educational outreach and achieving broader impacts? This site will help you connect with educators in order to build meaningful educational collaborations. The website includes resources, ideas, and tools for researchers to become effectively involved in education and outreach. The site also features information on upcoming workshops and activities that will foster effect programs.

  10. International Social Science Research Seminar International Research Fellowships and Grants for

    E-print Network

    International Social Science Research Seminar International Research Fellowships and Grants University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (GSAS) Graduate Guide to Grants ­You can select "Research of fellowships, particularly postdoctoral grants; not limited to international research. (Note

  11. National Science Foundation: Education-Research Overview

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The National Science Foundation (NSF) works on a number of outreach programs designed to improve the quality of science education. This website provides information and materials on this work by offering visitors classroom resources, reports on recent studies, and other materials. First-time visitors can click on the "Education Discoveries" to learn about how the NSF's research has been applied to molecular genetics, cyber security enhancements, and the migration of red-tailed hawks. Visitors should also click on the "Virtual Science Project" tab to learn more about the Maryland Virtual High School Earthquake Project, which is an attempt to bring the same problem solving and technology rich approaches used in private industry into the classroom. Moving on, the "Educational Classroom Resources" include links to science education websites that have been vetted by NSF staff members.

  12. Expanding Earth Sciences Research with Layerscape

    E-print Network

    Jakubowski, Mariusz H.

    Expanding Earth Sciences Research with Layerscape In Brief Websites: layerscape Earth in three-dimensional space and time. Oceanographers and earth scientists are using this free set of serious illness in the hospital was pneumonia." The Earth is a vast, complicated system comprised

  13. Introducing Research College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences

    E-print Network

    Pierce, Stephen

    has major implications for assessing ocean ecosystem health, pollutant transport, and shippingIntroducing Research College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences COAS, 104 Ocean Admin Bldg, Oregon.coas.oregonstate.edu WECOMA WECOMA Coll ege of Oceanic & Atmospheric Scie nces OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY in the O cean currents

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    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

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    2006-01-01

    Four years ago, federal officials launched an initiative to study mathematics and science cognition. Since then, that program has begun to exert its influence through the relatively modest but steady flow of public funding it provides for scholarly research. In this article, the author features the federal center entitled, Program on Mathematics…

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    Watson, Craig A.

    John Byrd Extension/Research Professor of Weed Science Box 9555 Mississippi State, MS 39762 662 excellent weed exterminators. Kerosene or waste oil from garages..." · "...oils of this kind should feet would seem a fair estimate." #12;Sulfuric Acid Spray: A practical means for the control of weeds

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    .ochemistryIn the undergraduate college program, etc. This series of monographs has grown out of the need for up deals with the radiochemlstry of alumlnum and galllum Is one of a series of monographs.on radlochemistryv National Research Council m NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES The ~Radiochemistry of Aluminum and Gallium I

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    E-print Network

    . National Research t NUCLE,AR SCIENCE .;>?J ,. ., ~ `"'v Council .J SERIES of nuclear chemistry and analytical chemistry The Subcommittee has concerned Itself with those areas, etc . . . This series ofmonographs has grown out of the need for up-to-date compilations

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    E-print Network

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    proteins required for cell cycle progression (Moir et al., 1982) and was later found to be homologous., 2004; Yamamoto et al., 2005). The main role of Cdc48/p97/VCP in the cell is thoughtJournalofCellScience RESEARCH ARTICLE The requirement for Cdc48/p97 in nuclear protein quality

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    E-print Network

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    Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences ­ Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with AAS Radiologic Technology) - Bachelor of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-RTAS] Regional College to the Major: [62 Credit Hours] Note: Students must have earned an AAS degree in Radiologic Technology (38