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1

HFE Briefing: Prepared by Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust and supported by the Association of Medical Research Charities  

E-print Network

HFE Briefing: Prepared by Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust and supported Briefing: Prepared by Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome

Rambaut, Andrew

2

Mapping Australia's basic research in the medical and health sciences.  

PubMed

The Institute for Scientific Information indexes most of the major international basic research journals in science in the Science Citation Index (SCI). Australia's presence in the medical and health sciences journals in the SCI and the citations its published research receives in these journals show that Australia's basic medical research has high international "visibility". Mapping the source of the most highly "visible" Australian medical research articles shows high impact research coming from several different sectors (research institutes, universities, hospitals, etc.), but with a concentration in the member institutions of the Australian Association of Medical Research Institutes (AAMRI). Published research from the AAMRI is cited at a rate two-thirds higher than the Australian average for medical and health sciences. PMID:9418803

Bourke, P; Butler, L

3

Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Life Science and Medical Research Instruction  

E-print Network

Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Life Science and Medical Bioscience Master's Program Doctoral Program Research Instruction Application Code Name of Supervisor Program AO Summary of Research Instruction Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering

Kaji, Hajime

4

The future of pure medical science: The need for a new specialist professional research system  

E-print Network

Editorial The future of Ã?pureÃ? medical science: The need for a new specialist professional research system Summary Over recent decades, medical research has become mostly an Ã?appliedÃ? science which greater benefit if they turn out to be true. The domination of medical research by applied criteria means

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

5

Briefing on the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill prepared by the Academy of Medical Sciences, the Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust, and supported by the Association of Medical  

E-print Network

, the Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust, and supported by the Association of Medical January 2008 Prepared by the Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society such research. The Academy of Medical Sciences (AMS), Medical Research Council (MRC), Royal Society, Wellcome

Rambaut, Andrew

6

Research in Medical Education: Balancing Service and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the latter part of the 1990's, the English-speaking medical education community has been engaged in a debate concerning the types of research that should have priority. To shed light on this debate and to better understand its implications for the practice of research, 23 semi-structured interviews were conducted with "influential figures"…

Albert, Mathieu; Hodges, Brian; Regehr, Glenn

2007-01-01

7

Medical Research: What's it worth?  

E-print Network

Medical Research: What's it worth? Estimating the economic benefits from medical research in the UK For the Medical Research Council, the Wellcome Trust and the Academy of Medical Sciences November 2008 #12;a2 Medical Research: What's it worth? Estimating the economic benefits from medical research in the UK Report

Rambaut, Andrew

8

Interconnections of basic science research and product development in medical device design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between basic science research and product design\\/development are intertwined. This paper explores the definition of basic science and design as it relates to medical device development. It is intended to serve as a reference for both researchers and device developers to assist in trans-disciplinary collaborative efforts in improving patient care as each are of equal importance. The definition

Mary Beth Privitera; Jeffrey Johnson

2009-01-01

9

[Resources in medical research].  

PubMed

The biennial national statistical surveys of research and development expenditure, based on OECD guidelines, contribute to the knowledge base for Norwegian research policy. This article outlines the resources for research and development in the medical sciences, with emphasis on the higher education sector. This sector, which includes university hospitals, performs about 75% of medical research in Norway (medical research in industry not included) while the remaining 25% is performed in research institutes in the institute sector. In 1995, current expenditure for medical research amounted to 1,240 million Norwegian kroner, 930 million in the higher education sector and 310 million in the institute sector. From 1993 to 1995, there was a small increase in real terms in resources for medical research in universities and colleges paid for over institutional budgets, while there was no growth in externally funded research. Over the 25-year period 1970-1995, the growth in expenditures for medical research was higher than for the natural sciences, but lower than for the humanities and the social sciences. Comparisons between the Nordic countries show that investments in medical research in Norway is much lower than in Denmark or Sweden. PMID:9844517

Sundnes, S L

1998-10-30

10

IU HEALTH ARNETT ONCOLOGICAL SCIENCES CENTER MEDICAL RESEARCH ADVOCATE PROGRAM  

E-print Network

a cure for cancer is the goal of cancer researchers everywhere. The participation of cancer patients in clinical trials is essential to advancing cancer research; however, the decision to participate is not always easy. Former cancer patients can be indispensable advocates and translators for patients

Ginzel, Matthew

11

Clinical and Translational Research Capacity Building Needs in Minority Medical and Health Science Hispanic Institutions  

PubMed Central

A preliminary needs assessment was conducted among faculty and students of three minority medical and health science institutions comprising the Puerto Rico Clinical and Translational Research Consortium (PRCTRC). The Web-based survey was focused on evaluating the training interests in the clinical and translational research core areas and competencies developed by the National Institutes of Health-Clinical and Translational Sciences Award. The survey was the result of a team effort of three PRCTRC key function's leaderships: Multidisciplinary Training and Career Development, Tracking and Evaluation and Community Research and Engagement. The questionnaire included 45 items distributed across five content areas including demographics, research training needs, training activities coordination and knowledge about the services offered by the PRCTRC. Analysis of research needs includes a sample distribution according to professor, assistant/associate professor and graduate students. The thematic area with highest response rate among the three groups was: “Identify major clinical/public health problems and relevant translational research questions,” with the competency “Identify basic and preclinical studies that are potential testable clinical research hypothesis.” These preliminary results will guide the training and professional development of the new generation of clinical and translational researchers needed to eliminate health disparities. PMID:24841800

Estapé-Garrastazu, Estela S; Noboa-Ramos, Carlamarie; De Jesús-Ojeda, Lizbelle; De Pedro-Serbiá, Zulmarie; Acosta-Pérez, Edna; Camacho-Feliciano, Delia M

2014-01-01

12

Clinical and translational research capacity building needs in minority medical and health science Hispanic institutions.  

PubMed

A preliminary needs assessment was conducted among faculty and students of three minority medical and health science institutions comprising the Puerto Rico Clinical and Translational Research Consortium (PRCTRC). The Web-based survey was focused on evaluating the training interests in the clinical and translational research core areas and competencies developed by the National Institutes of Health-Clinical and Translational Sciences Award. The survey was the result of a team effort of three PRCTRC key function's leaderships: Multidisciplinary Training and Career Development, Tracking and Evaluation and Community Research and Engagement. The questionnaire included 45 items distributed across five content areas including demographics, research training needs, training activities coordination and knowledge about the services offered by the PRCTRC. Analysis of research needs includes a sample distribution according to professor, assistant/associate professor and graduate students. The thematic area with highest response rate among the three groups was: "Identify major clinical/public health problems and relevant translational research questions," with the competency "Identify basic and preclinical studies that are potential testable clinical research hypothesis." These preliminary results will guide the training and professional development of the new generation of clinical and translational researchers needed to eliminate health disparities. PMID:24841800

Estapé-Garrastazu, Estela S; Noboa-Ramos, Carlamarie; De Jesús-Ojeda, Lizbelle; De Pedro-Serbiá, Zulmarie; Acosta-Pérez, Edna; Camacho-Feliciano, Delia M

2014-10-01

13

Advancing science diplomacy: Indonesia and the US Naval Medical Research Unit.  

PubMed

Science diplomacy supposedly builds international cooperation through scientific and technical exchange. In practice, however, there are important but often overlooked instances where it might create conflict instead--as with accusations of espionage surrounding the US Naval Medical Research Unit 2 (NAMRU-2) in Indonesia. Did American science diplomacy backfire in Indonesia and, if so, why? Most literature fails to anticipate this possibility, let alone explain it, since science diplomacy is rarely subject to critical analysis. Rather than shun politics or, similarly, simply blame the demise of NAMRU-2 on the military or avian influenza, I consider both the successes and failures of this research unit in the context of Indonesia's transition to democracy and America's legacy from the Cold War. Based on this history, I propose that the effects of science diplomacy depend on strategic communication and exchange, as well as elite influence and material incentives. Therefore, by challenging the conventional wisdom about science diplomacy, NAMRU-2 can help advance the theory and practice of this potentially useful tool of statecraft. PMID:25608440

Smith, Frank L

2014-12-01

14

Study on Research Anxiety Among Faculty Members of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Introduction: One of the most common anxieties in higher education is research anxiety. The purpose of this study was to determine the research anxiety level among the faculty members of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS). Methods: this was survey- analytical study. The stratified random sampling method was used and a sample of 212 people was selected. For data collection was used a questionnaire. Data were analyzed with descriptive and analytical (T Test, ANOVA and LSD) statistics. Findings: The average anxiety research in IUMS was about 3.27 ±0.536. Among factors, highest scores in descending order are related to lack of timely payment of fees (3.97±0.961), the long approval process of proposals and research project reporting (3.86.±0.99) and lack of research efficiency on the part of faculty (3.70±1.00). The lowest scores were related to having insufficient funds to conduct research (2.67±1.08), another’s understanding of inability for researching (2.84±1.192), and unfriendly behavior from journals and research center staffs (2.89±0.802). Conclusion: The mean level of research anxiety among faculty members of IUMS was found higher than average. So it’s essential that authorities pay greater attention to the factors that cause research anxiety.

Ashrafi-rizi, Hasan; Zarmehr, Fateme; Bahrami, Susan; Ghazavi-Khorasgani, Zahra; Kazempour, Zahra; Shahrzadi, Leila

2014-01-01

15

An International Basic Science and Clinical Research Summer Program for Medical Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important part of training the next generation of physicians is ensuring that they are exposed to the integral role that research plays in improving medical treatment. However, medical students often do not have sufficient time to be trained to carry out any projects in biomedical and clinical research. Many medical students also fail to…

Ramjiawan, Bram; Pierce, Grant N.; Anindo, Mohammad Iffat Kabir; AlKukhun, Abedalrazaq; Alshammari, Abdullah; Chamsi, Ahmad Talal; Abousaleh, Mohannad; Alkhani, Anas; Ganguly, Pallab K.

2012-01-01

16

Women in Science Award Winners Women scientists at the Medical College of Wisconsin are advancing biomedical research and finding innovative  

E-print Network

Women in Science Award Winners Women scientists at the Medical College of Wisconsin are advancing care. The College celebrates their accomplishments with the Women Pioneers in Research Award. 2007 in the Department of Medicine. She is researching the role of fatty acids in the body and the affect these acids

17

[Modern medical science and Military Medical Academy].  

PubMed

The article presents the information about the main directions of scientific investigations of Military Medical Academy and their results during the period of 1999-2000. The scientific work was conducted in conformity with demands of orders and directives of RF Ministry of Defense. 12 integrated scientific problems were formed in the annual plans of the Academy's research work. Together with traditional directions the new ones connected with the experience of troops medical support during the armed conflicts, liquidation of consequences of extreme situations, participation of military contingents in peace-making operations were developed. The complex clinical investigations of specific features of combat pathology due to firearms used by the enemy during the military operations in Afghanistan and in the Northern Caucasus are going on. In the most of clinical departments the problems of etiology, pathogenesis and treatment of servicemen' diseases under peacetime conditions are the main directions of scientific investigations. Every year the Academy's rationalizers and inventors produce 60-70 inventions and more than 500 rationalization proposals. Since 1995 the Academy publishes the journal "Clinical medicine and pathophysiology" and since 1999--"Bulletin of Russian Military Medical Academy". The Academy's scientific potential comprises 194 professors, 295 associate professors, 349 Doctors and 894 Candidates of Science, 20 Honoured Scientists of RF, 57 members and corresponding members of academies (Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and other social academies). PMID:16259295

Ga?dar, B V; Lobzin, Iu V; Chursin, I G; Tsygan, V N

2005-08-01

18

SchoolofMedicalSciences Introduction  

E-print Network

and Molecular & Cell Biology in that it covers the scientific requirement of first year medicine, as well on the specific vocational training required to pursue a career as a biomedical scientist in a pathology to medical science and in scientific research methods. In addition, they will develop interpersonal skills

Levi, Ran

19

Pharmacology SchoolofMedicalSciences  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Pharmacology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12; Introduction - Year 4 Introduction Pharmacology is concerned primarily with the characterisation of the properties, the Scientific Civil Service and Hospitals. Alternatively, it may lead on to non-research or non-pharmacological

Levi, Ran

20

Health sciences librarians' research on medical students' use of information for their studies at the medical school, University of Queensland, Australia.  

PubMed

This study reports the findings of research undertaken by health sciences librarians at the University of Queensland Library into how medical students use information for their studies, particularly resources and services provided by the Library. The methods utilized were an online survey and focus groups. Results indicated that students favor print resources over electronic, value accessing resources on a one-stop basis, and prefer training to be delivered flexibly. The implication of these results for future resource selection, service provision, and instructional design and delivery is discussed. PMID:21534114

Lasserre, Kaye E; Foxlee, Nicola; Kruesi, Lisa; Walters, Julie

2011-01-01

21

75 FR 62548 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special...Minority Biomedical Research Chemistry Grant Applications...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research;...

2010-10-12

22

Basic Biostatistics for Medical Researchers  

E-print Network

Inviting all researchers in clinical medicine, epidemiology, community health and biomedical or bioveterinary sciences! The Summer School in Biostatistics is aimed at both new as well as experienced medical researchers. For new and young researchers the first week will focus on an introduction to Biostatistics as well as an introductory course in using STATA 11 software. For more advanced researchers interested in Bayesian analysis there will be a 2 day course in the first week and a course on repeated measures/mixed model analysis in the second week. Programme:

Fiona Medeiros

2010-01-01

23

NIH Medical Research Scholars Program  

E-print Network

NIH Medical Research Scholars Program The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Medical Research creative, research-oriented medical, dental, and veterinary students to the intramural campus of the NIH and provides the opportunity for future clinician-scientists and medical researchers to carry out research

Bushman, Frederic

24

Medical research: assessing the benefits to society  

E-print Network

May 2006 Medical research: assessing the benefits to society A report by the UK Evaluation Forum; enhance public understanding of the medical sciences and their impact on society; and advise on issues: assessing the benefits to society A report by the UK Evaluation Forum, supported by the Academy of Medical

Rambaut, Andrew

25

Medical School Research Pipeline: Medical Student Research Experience in Psychiatry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors discuss the importance of introducing research training in psychiatry and neurosciences to medical students. Methods: A review of existing models of research training in psychiatry with focus on those providing research training to medical students is presented. Results: Two research-training models for medical students that…

Balon, Richard; Heninger, George; Belitsky, Richard

2006-01-01

26

Faculty of Science Medical Physics  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science Medical Physics If you like physics and mathematics, but want a career in the rapidly expanding health sciences, then this honours BSc is for you. www.uwindsor.ca/physics Medical Physics opens the way to exciting new possibilities for career opportunities in the applications

27

NIH Medical Research Scholars Program  

E-print Network

1 NIH Medical Research Scholars Program · A comprehensive, year-long residential research enrichment program for medical, dental, and veterinary students · NIH Intramural Research Program in Bethesda' personal interests and career goals NIH Medical Research Scholars Program -1 · Blends elements of two

Bushman, Frederic

28

76 FR 7573 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; MBRS Chemistry. Date: March 7, 2011...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research;...

2011-02-10

29

75 FR 39697 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special...Physiology, Biological Chemistry Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research;...

2010-07-12

30

[Ethics, bioethics and medical sciences].  

PubMed

The aim of bioethics is to define a wise conduct for humans with regard to their environments, whether living or inanimate. However, owing to their diversity, bioethics can only deal with general problems such as biodiversity. Within the framework of bioethics as a whole, different sectorial bioethics must therefore exist to deal with problems specific to certain environments, for example the Oceans and Seas, the Forests. General bioethics and sectorial bioethics have an important contribution to make to medical sciences but official regulations should be proposed only after an attentive investigation has been made. For instance, the preservation of an apparently threatened biodiversity or the revival of a seriously damaged biodiversity must be the subject of a thorough preliminary scientific study and, if legislative decisions are taken, a very careful scientific control of their consequences must be carried out. One example is given: the decree on the protection of Larids and its impact, with regard to an abusive proliferation of certain gull populations having varied effects on public health. Sectorial bioethics can also have obvious consequences on medical sciences. Thus various harmful attacks on coral reefs (contrary to the concepts of thalassoethics) can lead to the death of corals and the appearance of ciguatera. Thalassoethics, by inciting pollution control, should help to improve the conditions of thalassotherapy. Forest ethics, particularly concerning management, can reduce the greenhouse effect and its consequences on health, as well as protecting plant and animal species inhabiting the ecosystem and bringing new chemical bodies to inspire original pharmacological research. Thus the links between general or sectorial bioethics and medical sciences must always be very close. PMID:9528189

Fontaine, M

1997-10-01

31

78 FR 37557 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-06-21

32

77 FR 71430 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2012-11-30

33

78 FR 28601 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-05-15

34

78 FR 66367 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-11-05

35

78 FR 70311 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-11-25

36

78 FR 63231 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-10-23

37

78 FR 66370 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-11-05

38

78 FR 11658 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Officer, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-02-19

39

77 FR 76059 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of...meeting of the National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council...Committee: National Advisory General Medical Sciences Council...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research, National...

2012-12-26

40

78 FR 35942 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-06-14

41

75 FR 7484 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2010-02-19

42

78 FR 39741 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-07-02

43

77 FR 64812 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2012-10-23

44

78 FR 13362 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Officer, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-02-27

45

78 FR 38997 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-06-28

46

75 FR 55804 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Place: National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2010-09-14

47

Medical Research System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Based on Johnson Space Flight Center's development of a rotating bioreactor cell culture apparatus for Space Shuttle medical research, Johnson Space Flight Center engineers who worked on the original project formed a company called Synthecon, with the intention of commercializing the bioreactor technology. Synthecon grows three dimensional tissues in the bioreactor. These are superior to previous two-dimensional tissue samples in the study of human cell growth. A refined version of the Johnson Space Center technology, Synthecon's Rotary Cell Culture System includes a cell culture chamber that rotates around a horizontal axis. The cells establish an orbit that approximates free fall through the liquid medium in the chamber. The technology has significant applications for cancer research and treatment as well as AIDS research.

1993-01-01

48

Collaboration in research and the influential factors in Golestan University of Medical Sciences research projects (2005-2007): an academic sample from Iran  

PubMed Central

Background Number of Iranian articles published in ISI journals has increased significantly in recent years.Despite the quantitative progress, studies performed in Iran represent low collaboration in research; therefore,we decided to evaluate collaboration in Golestan University of Medical Sciences (GOUMS) research projects. Methods In this cross-sectional study, all GOUMS research projects that had got grants from the universitybetween 2005-2007 were studied. Among 107 research projects included in our study, 102 projects were evaluatedand checklists were completed. The researcher's questionnaire was sent to the principle investigators (n=46) of the projects and eventually 40 questionnaires were collected. Results The review of 102 research proposals shows that 10 projects (9.8%) have been performed in collaborationwith other organizations. Scientific outputs in these projects have been more than projects which wereconfined to the university (98% compare to 68%; p= 0.04). The total cost of the projects under study was a littlemore than 300,000 US$. In just 12 projects (11.8%) a part of the cost had been provided by organizations outsidethe university. About 50% of researchers declared that they had chosen their research topic based on their"personal interest". Only 1 project was performed by the demand of nongovernmental organizations and 12 researchersreported no collaboration in their activities. Conclusion This study shows that collaboration in GOUMS research projects is low. Moreover, collaborationswith governmental and nongovernmental organizations are trivial. The scientific outputs in collaborativeresearch projects are much more than other projects. PMID:24791118

Borghei, Afsaneh; Rezapour, Aziz; Majdzadeh, Reza; Nedjat, Saharnaz; Asayesh, Hamid; Mansourian, Morteza; Noroozi, Mahdi; Jahahgir, Fereydoon

2013-01-01

49

The South African Medical Research Council: Africanizing health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The South African Medical Research Council (MRC) is one of South Africa's eight statutory science councils and the country's premier biomedical science research institution. Malegapuru W. Makgoba, appointed in January as the organization's first black African president, discusses the MRC's history, transformation and vision for the future.

Malegapuru William Makgoba

1999-01-01

50

MEDICAL SCIENCES DIVISION SENIOR CLERICAL OFFICER (OXFORD MEDICAL ALUMNI)  

E-print Network

1 MEDICAL SCIENCES DIVISION SENIOR CLERICAL OFFICER (OXFORD MEDICAL ALUMNI) Grade 4 , Salary. Oxford Medical Alumni exists to advance the cause of medical education by promoting the interests to establish a mutually beneficial relationship between the Medical Sciences and its alumni and to promote

Oxford, University of

51

Graduate Profile Molecular & BioMedical ScienceS  

E-print Network

Graduate Profile Molecular & BioMedical ScienceS "I loved the laid back uni lifestyle...it's part as a Research Assistant as part of a great team in the Chemokine Biology Laboratory in the School of Molecular of pathologies such as cancer and autoimmunity." #12;

52

[Documentary basis for research on the transfer of Islamic medical science to the European West].  

PubMed

The last decades of the twentieth century are witness of increased interest in the study of scientific heritage in the Islamic world. The already established opinion of Islamic science as only intermediary between classical Greece and Latin West is seriously challenged. The reason for this are original sources from which the historians of our century have extracted solid evidence of high level of originality achieved by Muslim scientists in the past. Through their work in Bagdad, Buhara, Samarkand, Reyy, Kairo, Maraga, Damascus, Kordova they have shown that Islamic sciences including medicine had theoretical and practical answers to the problems characteristic of their times. Throughout its History Bosnia and Herzegovina itself has been exposed to various cultural influences from the West as well as from the Islamic East. When we try to study the history of medicine and health profession generally, we have to take into account the early Arabic sources of which short survey is given in this paper. With this in mind, one can make one preliminary conclusion at least; Islamic medicine has reached respectable level of practical and theoretical achievements while the volume of books and number of people engaged in its practice produced series of biographies and bibliographies as clear proof of its growth and level it has attained. PMID:9324577

Kujundzi?, E

1997-01-01

53

Data Mining and Medical Research Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care information systems tend to capture data for their research in order to promote the level of people's health status and the satisfaction of individuals in societies. To this aim, many approaches have been taken and examined. Data mining is one of the newest analytical methods that have been used to serve medical science research and has been shown

Marjan Khajehei; Faried Etemady

2010-01-01

54

Medical Image Science: Applications Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering 574  

E-print Network

Medical Image Science: Applications Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering 574 1022 WIMR, 9-0090 Email: sfain@wisc.edu This course presents the application of medical imaging theory to problems in medical imaging science including: concepts of digital image processing, image reconstruction

Walker, Thad G.

55

Medical Sciences Division report for 1993  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Medical Sciences Division (MSD) Report is organized to show how programs in our division contribute to the core competencies of Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE). ORISE`s core competencies in education and training, environmental and safety evaluation and analysis, occupational and environmental health, and enabling research support the overall mission of the US Department of Energy (DOE).

Not Available

1993-12-31

56

A Course in Medical Research Study Design and Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course to familiarize medical students with the principles of good medical research study design and analysis focuses on three types of studies: clinical trials, laboratory science, and epidemiology and biostatistics. (MSE)

Linskey, Mark E.; And Others

1987-01-01

57

Evidence-based medicine at the intersection of research interests between academic health sciences librarians and medical educators: a review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Objectives: In 2008, the Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries established an Education Research Task Force (ERTF) to plan research addressing research priorities outlined in key Association of American Medical Colleges reports. ERTF members conducted a literature review to describe the state of collaborative research at the intersection of medical education and health sciences librarianship. Analysis of initial results revealed instruction in evidence-based medicine (EBM) was a shared interest and is thus the focus of this review. Methods: Searches on EBM teaching programs were conducted, and results were posted to a shared online citation management service. Individual articles were assessed and assigned metadata describing subject matter, scope, and format. Results: Article analysis identified key themes. Most papers were descriptive narratives of curricular development. Evaluation studies were also prominent and often based on student satisfaction or self-reported competency. A smaller number of controlled studies provide evidence of impacts of librarian involvement in EBM instruction. Conclusions: Scholarship of EBM instruction is of common interest between medical educators and health sciences librarians. Coauthorship between the groups and distribution of literature points to a productive collaboration. An emerging literature of controlled studies measuring the impact of cross-disciplinary efforts signals continued progress in the arena of EBM instruction. PMID:23133324

Dorsch, Josephine L.; Perry, Gerald (Jerry)

2012-01-01

58

Microbiology SchoolofMedicalSciences  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Microbiology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12;BSc (Hons) Microbiology · Introduction · Degree Aims and Outcomes · General Enquiries · General Requirements · Industrial Requirements Year 1 - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Microbiology is the study of all microscopic

Levi, Ran

59

Pharmacology SchoolofMedicalSciences  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Immunology and Pharmacology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12 and chronic inflammatory diseases. Immunology with pharmacology is therefore concerned primarily. The degree of Immunology & Pharmacology at Aberdeen is an exciting and original new programme which

Levi, Ran

60

Biotechnology SchoolofMedicalSciences  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Biotechnology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12;BSc (Hons) Biotechnology · Introduction · Degree Aims and Outcomes · General Enquiries · General Requirements · Industrial Requirements Year 1 - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Biotechnology is the use of organisms to perform

Levi, Ran

61

Dystonia Medical Research Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... of Dystonia Research Research News Funding Programs Current Research Dystonia Coalition About DMRF Mission People Dystonia Dialogue DMRF Insights Blog For the Media Connect Contact Us Privacy Policy Support Groups Calendar

62

75 FR 42759 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Biomedical Research Support Chemistry Applications. Date: July...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2010-07-22

63

[Research training is inadequate among future medical doctors].  

PubMed

This questionnaire survey investigated interest and activity in pregraduate research among 643 medical students at the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences at the University of Copenhagen. We find, that although the students show great interest and motivation for research, very few have actual research experience. The students described suboptimal research training, lack of tutoring and facilitation as well as of career counselling. Also, conditions for pregraduate research activities are unequal among the faculties of health sciences in Denmark. PMID:23095651

Binderup, Marie Louise Mølgaard; Ete, Neval Ete; Ovesen, Christian; Madsen, Maiken Merete; Andersen, Julie Bjerglund; Aabye, Martine Grosos

2012-10-22

64

Medical Products Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ventrex Laboratories, Inc. develops, manufactures and markets a line of medical diagnostic assays based on biochemical techniques, in particular immunochemical techniques. Their products are sold worldwide to hospitals and medical laboratories for use in testing blood samples and other biological fluids. Analysis of a patient's body fluids, compared with normal values, aids a physician in confirming or otherwise diagnosing a suspected disease condition. NERAC's rapid information retrieval has provided Ventrex invaluable up-to-date information, and has permitted large scale savings. NERAC's service was particularly important in the development of a new product in the company's Ventre/Sep line, which is used in radioimmunoassays.

1982-01-01

65

MEDICAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCE Deselection of applicants  

E-print Network

MEDICAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCE Deselection of applicants (for medics and vets) Competition arrangements. Criminal Record Check (for medics and vets) All offers of a place on this course will be subject. Those of you being offered a place (conditional or unconditional) for Medical or Veterinary Sciences

Dixon, Peter

66

Department of Medical Imaging SciencesSHRP  

E-print Network

equipped with the most advanced ultrasound equipment. diagnostiC mediCal sonography admission requirementsDepartment of Medical Imaging SciencesSHRP Diagnostic Medical Sonography about it's all Choi Cynthia Silkowski, MA, RDMS, RVT Chairperson, Department of Medical Imaging Sciences Phone: 908

Cheng, Mei-Fang

67

Medical Research for All Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Medical Research for All Americans Past Issues / Summer 2009 Table of Contents ... improvements to the health and well being of all Americans. Starting on page 10, our special section ...

68

Teacher's Pack Medical Research Council  

E-print Network

of the past from 1913; a modern laboratory dedicated to brain research inviting visitors to take part of Health 2113 The Medical Research Council (MRC) ­ one of the largest government funded research councils in an experiment that explores how our brains help us move. A future laboratory will showcase visions of our future

Rosso, Lula

69

[Will medical research face a recruitment problem?].  

PubMed

Prognoses show that Norwegian medical research will experience a recruitment crisis at the end of this century and approaching the year 2010. Two different prognostic models have been used to estimate the demand for recruitment. The first is based on no growth in the number of research personnel, while the second is based upon a 2% annual growth in personnel. This latter alternative shows that there may be a great demand for research trainee positions within the medical sciences in the higher education sector, especially from the mid 1990s. Today (1991) we have around 550 research trainees. By the year 2000 there will be an additional demand for 100 recruitment positions, and a further 300 positions by the year 2010. In the no growth alternative, the future demand will be lower than the 1991 level for the period 1992 to 2010. For various reasons it will be difficult to fill the demand for research personnel. First, it is necessary to consider the public education policy: From 1981 until today the number of students studying medicine and dentistry has declined. This means that a larger proportion of students must be recruited to research if today's level of medical research education is to be maintained or increased. Second, which disciplines should do medical research? Today many research trainees in medicine are not doctors, and will not be able to fill future research positions at clinics. These are some of the results of a recent study on recruitment to Norwegian medical research, carried out by the Institute for Studies in Research and Higher Education. PMID:1557739

Skodvin, O J

1992-02-20

70

76 FR 19104 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2011-04-06

71

IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES DISSERTATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE REPORT STUDENT Student: Program: Immunology Dissertation Advisor: Year G.S.A.S.: ADVISORY COMMITTEE: SIGNATURES: 1. Chair: PLEASE RETURN TO PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR: Immunology Program Administrator Modell Center Harvard Medical

Mekalanos, John

72

The ethics and science of medicating children.  

PubMed

Prescriptions for psychiatric drugs to children and adolescents have skyrocketed in the past 10 years. This article presents evidence that the superior effectiveness of stimulants and antidepressants is largely a presumption based on an empirical house of cards, driven by an industry that has no conscience about the implications of its ever growing, and disturbingly younger, list of consumers. Recognizing that most mental health professionals do not have the time, and sometimes feel ill-equipped to explore the controversy regarding pharmacological treatment of children, this article discusses the four fatal flaws of drug studies to enable critical examination of research addressing the drugging of children. The four flaws are illustrated by the Emslie studies of Prozac and children, which offer not only a strident example of marketing masquerading as science, but also, given the recent FDA approval of Prozac for children, a brutal reminder of the danger inherent in not knowing how to distinguish science from science fiction. The authors argue that an ethical path requires the challenge of the automatic medical response to medicate children, with an accompanying demand for untainted science and balanced information to inform critical decisions by child caretakers. PMID:15706694

Sparks, Jacqueline A; Duncan, Barry L

2004-01-01

73

Global Security, Medical Isotopes, and Nuclear Science  

SciTech Connect

Over the past century basic nuclear science research has led to the use of radioactive isotopes into a wide variety of applications that touch our lives everyday. Some are obvious, such as isotopes for medical diagnostics and treatment. Others are less so, such as National/Global security issues. And some we take for granted, like the small amount of 241Am that is in every smoke detector. At the beginning of this century, we are in a position where the prevalence and importance of some applications of nuclear science are pushing the basic nuclear science community for improved models and nuclear data. Yet, at the same time, the push by the basic nuclear science community to study nuclei that are farther and farther away from stability also offer new opportunities for many applications. This talk will look at several global security applications of nuclear science, summarizing current R&D and need for improved nuclear data It will also look at how applications of nuclear science, such as to medicine, will benefit from the push for more and more powerful radioactive ion beam facilities.

Ahle, L E

2007-09-17

74

Global Security, Medical Isotopes, and Nuclear Science  

SciTech Connect

Over the past century basic nuclear science research has led to the use of radioactive isotopes into a wide variety of applications that touch our lives everyday. Some are obvious, such as isotopes for medical diagnostics and treatment. Others are less so, such as National/Global security issues. And some we take for granted, like the small amount of 241 Am that is in every smoke detector. At the beginning of this century, we are in a position where the prevalence and importance of some applications of nuclear science are pushing the basic nuclear science community for improved models and nuclear data. Yet, at the same time, the push by the basic nuclear science community to study nuclei that are farther and farther away from stability also offer new opportunities for many applications. This talk will look at several global security applications of nuclear science, summarizing current R and D and need for improved nuclear data It will also look at how applications of nuclear science, such as to medicine, will benefit from the push for more and more powerful radioactive ion beam facilities.

Ahle, Larry [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, L-414, PO Box 808 Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)

2007-10-26

75

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus  

E-print Network

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus University of Puerto Rico Contact Information School of Pharmacy Offices 263 and Annex Door 424 1st Floor (Plaza Level) and 4th Floor School of Pharmacy Building Medical Sciences Campus San Juan, PR 00931 PO Box 365067 San Juan, PR 00936-5067 Fax: 787

Quirk, Gregory J.

76

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus  

E-print Network

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus University of Puerto Rico Contact Information School of Pharmacy Offices 414 and Annex Door 420 4th Floor School of Pharmacy Building Medical Sciences: 787-754-6995 frances.rodriguez5@upr.edu Rank/Discipline Associate Professor Department of Pharmacy

Quirk, Gregory J.

77

Medical Informatics and the Science of Cognition  

PubMed Central

Recent developments in medical informatics research have afforded possibilities for great advances in health care delivery. These exciting opportunities also present formidable challenges to the implementation and integration of technologies in the workplace. As in most domains, there is a gulf between technologic artifacts and end users. Since medical practice is a human endeavor, there is a need for bridging disciplines to enable clinicians to benefit from rapid technologic advances. This in turn necessitates a broadening of disciplinary boundaries to consider cognitive and social factors pertaining to the design and use of technology. The authors argue for a place of prominence for cognitive science. Cognitive science provides a framework for the analysis and modeling of complex human performance and has considerable applicability to a range of issues in informatics. Its methods have been employed to illuminate different facets of design and implementation. This approach has also yielded insights into the mechanisms and processes involved in collaborative design. Cognitive scientific methods and theories are illustrated in the context of two examples that examine human-computer interaction in medical contexts and computer-mediated collaborative processes. The framework outlined in this paper can be used to refine the process of iterative design, end-user training, and productive practice. PMID:9824797

Patel, Vimla L.; Kaufman, David R.

1998-01-01

78

Medical informatics and the science of cognition.  

PubMed

Recent developments in medical informatics research have afforded possibilities for great advances in health care delivery. These exciting opportunities also present formidable challenges to the implementation and integration of technologies in the workplace. As in most domains, there is a gulf between technologic artifacts and end users. Since medical practice is a human endeavor, there is a need for bridging disciplines to enable clinicians to benefit from rapid technologic advances. This is turn necessitates a broadening of disciplinary boundaries to consider cognitive and social factors pertaining to the design and use of technology. The authors argue for a place of prominence for cognitive science. Cognitive science provides a framework for the analysis and modeling of complex human performance and has considerable applicability to a range of issues in informatics. Its methods have been employed to illuminate different facets of design and implementation. This approach has also yielded insights into the mechanisms and processes involved in collaborative design. Cognitive scientific methods and theories are illustrated in the context of two examples that examine human-computer interaction in medical contexts and computer-mediated collaborative processes. The framework outlined in this paper can be used to refine the process of iterative design, end-user training, and productive practice. PMID:9824797

Patel, V L; Kaufman, D R

1998-01-01

79

Library and information science practitioners and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a continuing need for more and better research in the field of library and information science (LIS). However, many LIS practitioners are not heavily involved in research. To add to our knowledge of practitioners’ involvement in research, 1,444 questionnaires were sent to members of the American Library Association, the American Society for Information Science and Technology, the Medical

Ronald R. Powell; Lynda M. Baker; Joseph J. Mika

2002-01-01

80

Global informetric perspective studies on translational medical research  

PubMed Central

Background Translational medical research literature has increased rapidly in the last few decades and played a more and more important role during the development of medicine science. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the global performance of translational medical research during the past few decades. Methods Bibliometric, social network analysis, and visualization technologies were used for analyzing translational medical research performance from the aspects of subject categories, journals, countries, institutes, keywords, and MeSH terms. Meanwhile, the co-author, co-words and cluster analysis methods were also used to trace popular topics in translational medical research related work. Results Research output suggested a solid development in translational medical research, in terms of increasing scientific production and research collaboration. We identified the core journals, mainstream subject categories, leading countries, and institutions in translational medical research. There was an uneven distribution of publications at authorial, institutional, and national levels. The most commonly used keywords that appeared in the articles were “translational research”, “translational medicine”, “biomarkers”, “stroke”, “inflammation”, “cancer”, and “breast cancer”. Conclusions The subject categories of “Research & Experimental Medicine”, “Medical Laboratory Technology”, and “General & Internal Medicine” play a key role in translational medical research both in production and in its networks. Translational medical research and CTS, etc. are core journals of translational research. G7 countries are the leading nations for translational medical research. Some developing countries, such as P.R China, also play an important role in the communication of translational research. The USA and its institutions play a dominant role in the production, collaboration, citations and high quality articles. The research trends in translational medical research involve drug design and development, pathogenesis and treatment of disease, disease model research, evidence-based research, and stem and progenitor cells. PMID:23885955

2013-01-01

81

Medical research networks--an international comparison.  

PubMed

Medical research networks (MRN) are described as a new approach in fostering science for health. It is described that this approach can be found in several countries and global business companies. MRNs try to maximise use of information technology (IT) for speeding up the long research and transfer process from basic science to patient care. Despite the fact that several countries have funding schemes for this approach, nomenclatures and frameworks vary due to different national conditions. Nevertheless there is a general expectation that MRNs are necessary. However, there long-term impact and efficiency has still to be evaluated. The results of this report are based on a benchmarking study currently underway in Germany. PMID:15061539

Rienhoff, Otto

2003-01-01

82

Medical Research Pays Off for All Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Then & Now Medical Research Pays Off for All Americans Past Issues / Summer ... to the country's continuing commitment to long-term medical research and scientific advancement, the ills, which afflicted Roosevelt, ...

83

. RESEARCH PAPERS . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPERS . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences doi: 10.1007/s11432-011-4293-9 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 info.scichina.com www.springerlink.com Zero of Computer Science and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2Beijing Key Laboratory

Duchowski, Andrew T.

84

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences July 2012 Vol. 55 No. 7: 1509­1519 doi: 10.1007/s11432-011-4467-5 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China; 2School of Computer Science and Engineering, Beihang University

85

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences July 2012 Vol. 55 No. 7: 1639­1649 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4598-3 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info of Internet Security Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2Institute of Computer Science

Duchowski, Andrew T.

86

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences September 2012 Vol. 55 No. 9: 2090­2101 doi: 10.1007/s11432-011-4427-0 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info University, Beijing 100191, China; 2School of Computer Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing

87

Education research Primary Science  

E-print Network

Education research Primary Science Survey Report December 2011 #12;Primary Science Survey Report, Wellcome Trust 1 Background In May 2009 Key Stage 2 science SATs (Standard Assessment Tests) were abolished fiasco might occur, where the results were delayed and their quality questioned. The loss of science SATs

Rambaut, Andrew

88

Physical aspects of medical science.  

PubMed

Physical aspects of medical science involve making physical models, physical approaches, and measurements by physical instruments. Among these, the physical approach is the most important for an exact elucidation of the physiological function of living materials. What is a physical approach? In the first step, the molecular mechanism of visual transduction will be demonstrated by considering the physical characteristics of diffusion of second messengers. In the next step, I will consider how frequency modulation-type impulse signaling is converted from amplitude modulation-type electric signaling. In the last section, I will discuss how impulse signaling (i.e., the train of action potentials) is processed by the neural network in the brain and eventually is recognized in the frontal cortex using near infrared spectroscopy. In order to obtain such a physical model of vision, many physical concepts are used, such as light reflex, energy transduction, diffusion of molecules, threshold, the Coulomb interaction, light absorption, and cluster analysis. Among them, the Coulomb interaction, light absorption, and diffusion of molecules are three essential keywords for the physical process. PMID:22301010

Yoshioka, Tohru

2012-02-01

89

A Tool for Medical Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

California Measurements, Inc.'s PC-2 Aerosol Particle Analyzer, developed by William Chiang, a former Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) engineer, was used in a study to measure the size of particles in the medical environment. Chiang has a NASA license for the JPL crystal oscillator technology and originally built the instrument for atmospheric research. In the operating room, it enabled researchers from the University of California to obtain multiple sets of data repeatedly and accurately. The study concluded that significant amounts of aerosols are generated during surgery when power tools are employed, and most of these are in the respirable size. Almost all contain blood and are small enough to pass through surgical masks. Research on the presence of blood aerosols during oral surgery had similar results. Further studies are planned to determine the possibility of HIV transmission during surgery, and the PC-2H will be used to quantify blood aerosols.

1992-01-01

90

[Institutional liability and medical research].  

PubMed

On December 14, 2011 an addition to Article 100 of the General Health Law was published in the Federation Official Journal. The added section VII states that: "It is the responsibility of the Health Care Institution to provide medical care to the subject that is injured, if this is directly related to the investigation, without prejudice to the legally appropriate compensation", thus establishing the institution's liability in an precise way when it authorizes research. This is a relevant situation of Fundamental Rights. We will present the spirit of the ordinary legislator from the Law initiative to its enactment. PMID:23999640

Ramírez-Barba, Éctor Jaime; Vázquez-Guerrero, Arturo; Lara-Lona, Elia; Ayala-García, Marco Antonio

2013-01-01

91

Summaries of research projects for fiscal years 1996 and 1997, medical applications and biophysical research  

SciTech Connect

The Medical Applications and Biophysical Research Division of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research supports and manages research in several distinct areas of science and technology. The projects described in this book are grouped by the main budgetary areas: General Life Sciences (structural molecular biology), Medical Applications (primarily nuclear medicine) and Measurement Science (analytical chemistry instrumentation), Environmental Management Science Program, and the Small Business Innovation Research Program. The research funded by this division complements that of the other two divisions in the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER): Health Effects and Life Sciences Research, and Environmental Sciences. Most of the OBER programs are planned and administered jointly by the staff of two or all three of the divisions. This summary book provides information on research supported in these program areas during Fiscal Years 1996 and 1997.

NONE

1998-02-01

92

Structural equation modeling in medical research: a primer  

PubMed Central

Background Structural equation modeling (SEM) is a set of statistical techniques used to measure and analyze the relationships of observed and latent variables. Similar but more powerful than regression analyses, it examines linear causal relationships among variables, while simultaneously accounting for measurement error. The purpose of the present paper is to explicate SEM to medical and health sciences researchers and exemplify their application. Findings To facilitate its use we provide a series of steps for applying SEM to research problems. We then present three examples of how SEM has been utilized in medical and health sciences research. Conclusion When many considerations are given to research planning, SEM can provide a new perspective on analyzing data and potential for advancing research in medical and health sciences. PMID:20969789

2010-01-01

93

IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES ROTATION REGISTRATION FORM TO BE SUBMITTED PRIOR OR PRINT LEGIBLY. STUDENT: DMS PROGRAM AFFILIATION: Immunology Program CURRENT PHONE: CURRENT EMAIL ON IMMUNOLOGY, MODELL CENTER, HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL Grades and credit for rotations will not be assigned unless

Mekalanos, John

94

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences January 2013, Vol. 56 012104:1­012104:10 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4616-5 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2Beijing Aerospace Control Center, Beijing 100094, China; 3

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

95

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences September 2012 Vol. 55 No. 9: 2075­2089 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4637-0 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info and Technology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China; 2Department of Informatics, University

Pajarola, Renato B.

96

. RESEARCH PAPERS . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

. RESEARCH PAPERS . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences May 2011 Vol. 54 No. 5: 1­11 doi: 10.1007/s11432-011-4238-3 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 info.scichina.com www for motion editing using procedure visualization. Sci China Inf Sci, 2011, 54: 1­11, doi: 10.1007/s11432

Lee, In-Kwon

97

Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation,  

E-print Network

Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation, including SENSE Research School December 2007 #12; QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Quality,byphotocopy- ingorbyanyothermeanswiththepermissionofQANUifthesourceismentioned. #12;3QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Table of contents

Utrecht, Universiteit

98

Medical Computing Science at the University of Aberdeen  

E-print Network

Medical Computing Science at the University of Aberdeen Department of Computing Science, and The Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences University of Aberdeen 26/10/00 Summary Computers are currently is to offer a course in medical computing science at the undergraduate level. The course, called Medical

Lucas, Peter

99

TITLE: RESEARCH AND HIPAA CLINICAL AND MEDICAL RECORDS Columbia University Medical Center will administer and conduct medical records research  

E-print Network

TITLE: RESEARCH AND HIPAA CLINICAL AND MEDICAL RECORDS POLICY: Columbia University Medical Center will administer and conduct medical records research activities in accordance with city, state, and federal laws Individuals conducting or assisting with research activities will follow existing Columbia University Medical

Columbia University

100

Medical Informatics and the Science of Cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in medical informatics research have afforded possibilities for great advances in health care delivery. These exciting opportunities also present formidable challenges to the implementation and integration of technologies in the workplace. As in most domains, there is a gulf between technologic artifacts and end users. Since medical practice is a human endeavor, there is a need for bridging

Vimla L Patel; David R Kaufman

1998-01-01

101

The Computational Sciences. Research  

E-print Network

including compilers and computer algebra, computational chemistry, computational geodynamics, bioinformaticsThe Computational Sciences. Research activities range from the theoretical foundations of mathematics and computing, through software systems, to the application of mathematical and computational

Christensen, Dan

102

Transition of Research into Medical Practice  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the process of transforming medical research into practical medicine for astronauts and for every day people. Several examples of medical practices that started in space medical research and then were proved useful in other settings: Actigraphy, bone density scanning, the use of Potassium Citrate as a countermeasure used to lessen the risk of kidney stone formation, and ultrasound uses in remote and telemedicine,

Polk, James D.; Johnson-Throop, Kathy A.

2010-01-01

103

Contributions of empirical research to medical ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research pertaining to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), clinician behaviors related to do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders and substituted judgment suggests potential contributions to medical ethics. Research quantifying the likelihood of surviving CPR points to the need for further philosophical analysis of the limitations of the patient autonomy in decision making, the nature and definition of medical futility, and the relationship between futility

Robert A. Pearlman; Steven H. Miles; Robert M. Arnold

1993-01-01

104

Protecting Patients' Rights in Medical Research Networks  

E-print Network

Protecting Patients' Rights in Medical Research Networks Pommerening K, Becker R, Reng CM, Debold P approved this concept. Integrate Health Care and Medical Research To advance diagnostic and therapeutic to rules of ethics and professional discretion as well as national and international data protection laws

Pommerening, Klaus - Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics & Fachbereich 08

105

Emotional intelligence in medical laboratory science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in medical laboratory science, as perceived by laboratory administrators. To collect and evaluate these perceptions, a survey was developed and distributed to over 1,400 medical laboratory administrators throughout the U.S. during January and February of 2013. In addition to demographic-based questions, the survey contained a list of 16 items, three skills traditionally considered important for successful work in the medical laboratory as well as 13 EI-related items. Laboratory administrators were asked to rate each item for its importance for job performance, their satisfaction with the item's demonstration among currently working medical laboratory scientists (MLS) and the amount of responsibility college-based medical laboratory science programs should assume for the development of each skill or attribute. Participants were also asked about EI training in their laboratories and were given the opportunity to express any thoughts or opinions about EI as it related to medical laboratory science. This study revealed that each EI item, as well as each of the three other items, was considered to be very or extremely important for successful job performance. Administrators conveyed that they were satisfied overall, but indicated room for improvement in all areas, especially those related to EI. Those surveyed emphasized that medical laboratory science programs should continue to carry the bulk of the responsibility for the development of technical skills and theoretical knowledge and expressed support for increased attention to EI concepts at the individual, laboratory, and program levels.

Price, Travis

106

Medical research misconduct need regulatory reforms.  

PubMed

The medical research misconduct has become a global problem. Except from countries like the USA, China, and Germany the exact figures of misconduct are not available. The research misconduct include fabricating the data, falsifying data, and plagiarism. The irresponsible research practices are publishing research data more than once, conflicts of interest is not declared, selective reporting of data and including an author who has not contributed at all and many more. About 2% of scientists have been found to admit the fabricating the data and 33% researchers were involved in irresponsible research practices. There is no formal regulatory programs available to monitor the research projects. Few developed countries like the USA, Germany, and China tried to develop programs which can monitor the medical research misconduct. There is a need to develop a regulatory system at national and institutional level to regulate the research activity to ensure that good ethical and scientific standards are practiced by medical researchers. PMID:25364140

Bedi, Neeraj

2014-10-01

107

Microgravity Science Research Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a transcription of the Microgravity Science Research Panel's discussion about their research and about some of the contributions that they feel have been important to the field during their time with the program. The panel includes Dr. Eugene Trinh, Dr. Lawrence DeLucas, Dr. Charles Bugg, Dr. David Larson, and Dr. Simon Ostrach.

Carpenter, Bradley M.; Trinh, Eugene H.; DeLucas, Lawrence J.; Larson, David; Koss, Matthew; Ostrach, Simon

2000-01-01

108

SchoolofMedicalSciences BSc (Hons) Immunology  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Immunology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12;BSc (Hons) Immunology · Introduction · Degree Aims and Outcomes · General Enquiries · General Requirements · Industrial Requirements Year 1 - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Immunology developed as the study of how the body

Levi, Ran

109

Evolutionary Thinking in the Medical Sciences  

E-print Network

Evolutionary Thinking in the Medical Sciences Stephen C Stearns, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA Evolutionary thinking in medicine draws both on the phylogenetic history of Homo sapiens resistance to drugs, so the implications for drug design and treatment are critical. Vaccinating a population

110

SchoolofMedicalSciences BSc (Hons) Genetics  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Genetics Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12;BSc (Hons) Genetics's hair colour. Genetics is concerned with explaining the behaviour of such inherited characteristics, in terms of the underlying genetic machinery that turns a single cell (the fertilised egg) into a fly

Levi, Ran

111

Accelerator science in medical physics  

PubMed Central

The use of cyclotrons and synchrotrons to accelerate charged particles in hospital settings for the purpose of cancer therapy is increasing. Consequently, there is a growing demand from medical physicists, radiographers, physicians and oncologists for articles that explain the basic physical concepts of these technologies. There are unique advantages and disadvantages to all methods of acceleration. Several promising alternative methods of accelerating particles also have to be considered since they will become increasingly available with time; however, there are still many technical problems with these that require solving. This article serves as an introduction to this complex area of physics, and will be of benefit to those engaged in cancer therapy, or who intend to acquire such technologies in the future. PMID:22374548

Peach, K; Wilson, P; Jones, B

2011-01-01

112

Research Training in Medical Informatics: The Stanford Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stanford University created an interdisciplinary program to train researchers and academic leaders in the field of medical information sciences. The program is described, identifying experiences of interest to people developing such a program. The program's background and history, students, curriculum and philosophy, and lessons learned are…

Shortliffe, Edward H.; Fagan, Lawrence M.

1989-01-01

113

Medical technology advances from space research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Details of medical research and development programs, particularly an integrated medical laboratory, as derived from space technology are given. The program covers digital biotelemetry systems, automatic visual field mapping equipment, sponge electrode caps for clinical electroencephalograms, and advanced respiratory analysis equipment. The possibility of using the medical laboratory in ground based remote areas and regional health care facilities, as well as long duration space missions is discussed.

Pool, S. L.

1972-01-01

114

Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathology (Medical Sciences Graduate Program)  

E-print Network

Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathology (Medical Sciences Graduate Program) GRADUATE PROGRAM Coordinator - Responsibilities .....................................................12 3.6 Medical Sciences ..............................................................................18 4.5 Ethics and Academic Integrity Training Requirement

MacMillan, Andrew

115

Medical ethics as practiced by students, nurses and faculty members in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Assuming any social role has obligations and fulfilling the related responsibilities has ethical aspects that must be addressed carefully. Each role requires extensive training, which usually takes place in university institutions. Ethics is applied in at least three academic areas, including: a) in education of students' personal growth, b) in patient care, and c) in university communion in population-based health care. Given the importance of this issue in the moral domain, this study examines the correlation among the students, nurses and teacher's opinions regarding principles of medical ethics at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study conducted in 2010. The participants of this research consisted of all medical students, nurses in public hospitals, and faculty members in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. For validity evaluation, the expert panel method and for reliability evaluation, test-retest method was used. Results: Based on the medical ethics’ scores in these three groups, there was a significant relationship between the mean scores of student-nurses and employed nurses, but there was no significant relationship between those of student-faculties. Also the mean score of the students was the highest in medical ethics. Conclusion: In this study, we presented a list of virtues and moral characteristics of medical staff and found out the method of practicing medical ethics in everyday life of students to improve the moral reasoning of teachers, nurses and students. Moreover, medical ethics, with the presentation of specific criteria for ethical behavior in various domains of human life, especially in dealing with patients, can help practice ethical values in the medical community. PMID:25587553

BAZRAFCAN, LEILA; NABEIEI, PARISA; SHOKRPOUR, NASRIN; MOADAB, NEDA

2015-01-01

116

Are Medical Students Inclined to do Research?”  

PubMed Central

Background: Medical research at undergraduate level has been given poor importance in developing countries including India. Less incentives, poor resources, lack of benefits has all been the reason for curbing the research interests of the students. Objective: This research was done to understand if medical students perceived research to be important at an undergraduate level, to understand the reasons for doing research and the benefits obtained from research. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Material and Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to medical students studying in second, third, fourth and fifth years in the MBBS course at an undergraduate medical conference and a medical college. Questions were so designed to verify student’s ideas on research, their research involvement and their reasons for conducting research. The answers were tabulated, data analyzed and statistics were made based on their answers. Statistical Analysis: Frequency and percentage. Results: Out of the given sample, it was seen that though only 20.9% of the students had credited publications, 81.7% of the students admitted to research being essential to understanding and changing their perception of medicine. Only 38.3% of the sample found research to be cumbersome. 24.3% of the students were involved in research purely for the purpose of acquiring knowledge, 18.3% were pursuing interest in the field and a meager 1.7% were doing research to improve their curriculum vitae. Conclusion : These results are in conformance with other studies from elsewhere that shows decreased Indian medical student’s engagement in researches, compared to those from developed countries, but on par with those from the developing countries. PMID:24551667

Jimmy, Rosmy; Palatty, Princy Louis; D’Silva, Prajna; Baliga, Manjunath Srinath; Singh, Abhimanyu

2013-01-01

117

Reflections on Experimental Research in Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As medical education research advances, it is important that education researchers employ rigorous methods for conducting and reporting their investigations. In this article we discuss several important yet oft neglected issues in designing experimental research in education. First, randomization controls for only a subset of possible confounders.…

Cook, David A.; Beckman, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

118

Prescriptions for medical research. I--Management within the Medical Research Council.  

PubMed

In their submission to the government in advance of the white paper on science policy in the United Kingdom the Medical Research Council commends the MRC's own approach to managing directly funded research. But a series of semi-structured interviews with the directors of some of the MRC's units suggests a gap between the MRC's model of managed research and the reality. Although such units are theoretically managed from MRC head office (and units are charged an overhead for this), in practice each unit runs its own affairs. Between major reviews average contact time with the head office contact person is seven hours a year. The first paper argues that a purchaser-provider split would recognise the benefits of decentralisation and allow units to bid for research funds from several sources, the successful ones guaranteeing their survival through a rolling series of research programmes. The second paper criticises the MRC's cumbersome peer review system. Reliance on outside experts atrophies the scientific skills of head office staff and builds delays into decision making. A purchaser-provider model would allow the head office scientific staff to act like commercial research and development managers, commissioning research, and using the outcome, rather than peer review, as a criterion for continued funding. PMID:8324441

Gillett, R; Harrow, J

1993-06-19

119

A Revolution in Progress: Human Genetics and Medical Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The DeWitt Stetten, Jr., Museum of Medical Research at the National Institutes of Health presents this online version of the new exhibit, "A Revolution in Progress," which offers a comprehensive look at genetic research and its contribution to medical science. Readers can really cover some ground with this Web site, with pages upon pages devoted to a wide range of topics including genetic diseases, genes and drugs, the Human Genome Project, ethics and genetics, and more. Not overly familiar with genetic concepts? The Genetic Basics area of the site provides a solid and easy-to-follow introduction to the field. There is also a cartoon guide to genetics for kids.

120

Fraud and deceit in medical research  

PubMed Central

Publication of medical research is the cornerstone for the propagation and dissemination of medical knowledge, culminating in significant effects on the health of the world's population. However, instances of individuals and institutions subverting the ethos of honesty and integrity on which medical research is built in order to advance personal ambitions have been well documented. Many definitions to describe this unethical behavior have been postulated, although the most descriptive is the “FFP” (fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism) model put forward by the United States’ Office of Research Integrity. Research misconduct has many ramifications of which the world's media are all too keen to demonstrate. Many high-profile cases the world over have demonstrated this lack of ethics when performing medical research. Many esteemed professionals and highly regarded world institutions have succumbed to the ambitions of a few, who for personal gains, have behaved unethically in pursuit of their own ideals. Although institutions have been set up to directly confront these issues, it would appear that a lot more is still required on the part of journals and their editors to combat this behavioral pattern. Individuals starting out at very junior positions in medical research ought to be taught the basics of medical research ethics so that populations are not failed by the very people they are turning to for assistance at times of need. This article provides a review of many of the issues of research misconduct and allows the reader to reflect and think through their own experiences of research. This hopefully will allow individuals to start asking questions on, what is an often, a poorly discussed topic in medical research. PMID:23833585

Sarwar, Umran; Nicolaou, Marios

2012-01-01

121

Library and Information Science Education for the New Medical Environment and the Age of Integrated Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews factors that are changing ways in which medical librarians and health information specialists are educated. Employment sites for medical librarians are listed; current faculty and coursework at library and information science programs in the United States and Canada are discussed; doctoral research is described; and medical informatics is…

Detlefsen, Ellen Gay

1993-01-01

122

Teaching Science through Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the objectives of the science curriculum and the teacher's responsibility of passing through not only the required material, but also skills. Suggests that in order to improve teaching and learning skills, new strategies, such as teaching and learning through research must be utilized. Presents four examples of teaching and learning…

Hugerat, Muhamad; Zidani, Saleem; Kurtam, Naji

2003-01-01

123

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report 348 Copyright © 2001 American Psychological Society VOL. 12 experimental conditions reported here demon- strate the top-down influence of word representations, even under listening conditions that pose severe problems for the best computer-based speech

Coulson, Seana

124

Computer science education for medical informaticians.  

PubMed

The core curriculum in the education of medical informaticians remains a topic of concern and discussion. This paper reports on a survey of medical informaticians with Master's level credentials that asked about computer science (CS) topics or skills that they need in their employment. All subjects were graduates or "near-graduates" of a single medical informatics Master's program that they entered with widely varying educational backgrounds. The survey instrument was validated for face and content validity prior to use. All survey items were rated as having some degree of importance in the work of these professionals, with retrieval and analysis of data from databases, database design and web technologies deemed most important. Least important were networking skills and object-oriented design and concepts. These results are consistent with other work done in the field and suggest that strong emphasis on technical skills, particularly databases, data analysis, web technologies, computer programming and general computer science are part of the core curriculum for medical informatics. PMID:15063372

Logan, Judith R; Price, Susan L

2004-03-18

125

Medical Students’ Research – Facilitators and Barriers  

PubMed Central

Background: Undergraduate research in medicine is important to expose and encourage the students towards the newer advances and research practices. The present study was taken up in a medical institute to assess the perception of the medical faculty about research undertaken by the medical undergraduates, and identifying the barriers faced by them in training undergraduate students for research. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire on perceptions, barriers and limitations towards undergraduate research was distributed to 105 participants included in the study. The responses of the participants were collected on a five point Likert scale and analysed using spss version 11.5. Results: There was a strong agreement among the faculty about students’ interest in carrying out research (95.1%), and that they had gained knowledge to design, conduct, present and publish their research from the projects undertaken by them (90.2%). Among the barriers for training undergraduate research, time consumption was perceived as a barrier by the participating medical teachers (37.7%) followed by lack of motivation and commitment among students (19.7%). Time constraint was the commonest reason for the faculty in not guiding undergraduate research (39.0%). A larger proportion of medical teachers suggested that incentives for students and teachers (62.7%) and frequent workshops for students related to undergraduate research (61.8%) are likely to encourage the students and teachers and thus, improve the scenario. Conclusion: It is suggested to address certain important issues like reducing the workload of faculty engaged in undergraduate research, and conducting frequent research methodology workshops for the under graduate students to improvise the standards of undergraduate research.

Unnikrishnan, B; Holla, Ramesh; Kumar, Nithin; Rekha, T; Mithra, Prasanna; Kulkarni, Vaman; Reshmi, B

2014-01-01

126

Research in the College of Life and Environmental Sciences  

E-print Network

and Environmental Sciences (GEES); Sport and Exercise Sciences; and Psychology. 3 We span an enormous breadth (HEFCE) confirmed the pre-eminence of our School of Psychology, with 80% of our research falling and Computer Sciences and the College of Medical and Dental Sciences); and Resilience and Urban Living

Birmingham, University of

127

The Medical Research Model: No Magic Formula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the No Child Left Behind Act and the What Works Clearinghouse, the federal government has attempted to establish guidelines for the type of education research that U.S. schools should consider in selecting instructional programs and resources. The government's clear preference for the medical model--a powerful research design in such fields as…

Kingsbury, G. Gage

2006-01-01

128

Research in computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Synopses are given for NASA supported work in computer science at the University of Virginia. Some areas of research include: error seeding as a testing method; knowledge representation for engineering design; analysis of faults in a multi-version software experiment; implementation of a parallel programming environment; two computer graphics systems for visualization of pressure distribution and convective density particles; task decomposition for multiple robot arms; vectorized incomplete conjugate gradient; and iterative methods for solving linear equations on the Flex/32.

Ortega, J. M.

1985-01-01

129

Research in computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various graduate research activities in the field of computer science are reported. Among the topics discussed are: (1) failure probabilities in multi-version software; (2) Gaussian Elimination on parallel computers; (3) three dimensional Poisson solvers on parallel/vector computers; (4) automated task decomposition for multiple robot arms; (5) multi-color incomplete cholesky conjugate gradient methods on the Cyber 205; and (6) parallel implementation of iterative methods for solving linear equations.

Ortega, J. M.

1986-01-01

130

Nanoscale Science Research Centers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation, given by Dr. S. Tom Picraux, focuses on the integration of nanotechnology into science and everyday life. The given definition of this process is stated as "combining diverse nanomaterials together into composite structures across length scales into nanosystems to discover, understand, and design material with novel properties and performance." The site also addresses the different nanotechnological research centers located throughout the United States and how they play a pivotal role in the future of the technology.

Picraux, S. Tom

131

Quantum Science Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A division of Hewlett-Packard (HP) laboratories is investigating the applications of quantum science in "molecular-scale electronics." The team of researchers is trying to push the fundamental limits of size and efficiency, with focuses on technology that HP anticipates will emerge more than a decade from now. Six presentations, mostly describing the progress and results of various experiments, are given in the research section of the Web site. A particularly interesting presentation discusses the motivation for nanotechnology and self-assembled structures. Of the eleven staff members listed on the publications page, only Pavel Kornilovich has papers that can be directly accessed.

132

Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics Program at Ryerson University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics program at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario was launched in Fall 2006. The program builds on Ryerson’s strong existing capabilities in biomedical physics research. The program’s point of entry is the common first year during which all students in Biology, Chemistry, Contemporary Science and Medical Physics programs complete the foundation courses that include physics, calculus, biology, chemistry, and introduction to computing. In addition to the foundation courses, the first-year studies include an orientation course that supports the students in making a successful transition to university studies. The courses beyond the first year include such topics as radiation therapy, image analysis, medical diagnostics and computer modeling techniques. In the final year the students will undertake an independent, faculty-supervised thesis project in an area of personal research interest. Co-op and industrial internship options are available. Our program promotes natural interaction between physics, life sciences, mathematics and computing. The flexibility built into our curriculum will open a variety of career options for our graduates.

Antimirova, Tetyana

2006-12-01

133

WVU Medical Laboratory Science Application Instructions Fall 2014 Admission  

E-print Network

WVU Medical Laboratory Science Application Instructions Fall 2014 Admission Thank you for your interest in Medical Laboratory Science (MLS)! Please follow the instructions carefully. Please note link: http://admissions.wvu.edu/admissions/hsc_applicants 2. Scroll down to the "Medical Laboratory

Mohaghegh, Shahab

134

Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2013 / 2014 Inform -Involve -Enable  

E-print Network

#12;Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2013 / 2014 Inform - Involve - Enable revised 6/04/13 1 Medical Education Research Scholars Program (MERSP) Application Cover Sheet Please click _______________________________ Date: ____________ Department Chair Signature: ______________________ Date: _____________ #12;Medical

Finley Jr., Russell L.

135

76 FR 10911 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Research Centers in Wound Healing. Date: March 22, 2011. Time: 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications....

2011-02-28

136

[Accessing medical records for research purposes].  

PubMed

The Organic Law 15/1999 of 13 December on the Protection of Personal Data and the Law 41/2002 of 14 November regulating patient autonomy and rights and obligations of information and clinical documentation are the basic rules which govern the medical history in Spain. However, the lack of development of these laws regarding data protection in clinical research, particularly in terms of access to the medical history, repeatedly causes doubts about its construction by the Research Ethics Committees. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to analyze the rules which govern the access to the medical history for research purposes, with particular emphasis on the common problems that arise in the Committees for the ethical evaluation of these projects and finally setting a series of recommendations. The use for research purpose of genetic personal data contained in the medical history is also addressed in this paper. In this sense, a key contribution of the Law on Biomedical Research is relating to the specific regulation of the genetic personal data, both with respect to their production and access to the data as a support and regarding to its use for research purpose. PMID:24868961

Alcalde Bezhold, Guillermo; Alfonso Farnós, Iciar

2013-01-01

137

Democratizing Science Through Social Science Research Partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science and technology, as rational approaches to problem solving, are driving forces in the promotion of democracy at home and abroad. Science based decision-making is increasingly global as countries share technology, research results, and engage in joint studies on common problems. The widening rift between global wealth and poverty diminishes for many the opportunity for exposure to science, technology and

Jean J. Schensul

2002-01-01

138

Synchrotron radiation applications in medical research  

SciTech Connect

Over the past two decades there has been a phenomenal growth in the number of dedicated synchrotron radiation facilities and a corresponding growth in the number of applications in both basic and applied sciences. The high flux and brightness, tunable beams, time structure and polarization of synchrotron radiation provide an ideal x- ray source for many applications in the medical sciences. There is a dual aspect to the field of medical applications of synchrotron radiation. First there are the important in-vitro programs such as structural biology, x-ray microscopy, and radiation cell biology. Second there are the programs that are ultimately targeted at in-vivo applications. The present status of synchrotron coronary angiography, bronchography, multiple energy computed tomography, mammography and radiation therapy programs at laboratories around the world is reviewed.

Thomlinson, W.

1997-08-01

139

Guide to Research and Fellowship Opportunities for Perelman Medical Students  

E-print Network

Guide to Research and Fellowship Opportunities for Perelman Medical Students If you are a first: Medical students typically choose to do research between the first and second year of Medical School a full year of research. Year Out Research: Medical students who have completed their third year

Bushman, Frederic

140

Professional Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP)  

E-print Network

Professional Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP) Department of Physics Florida atlantic University #12;T he Department of Physics offers the Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP) degree Science or Engineering with a minor in Physics are considered. 2. At least a 3.0 (of a 4.0 maximum) grade

Fernandez, Eduardo

141

Division of Medical Sciences Ph.D. Programs at Harvard Medical School  

E-print Network

Division of Medical Sciences Ph.D. Programs at Harvard Medical School Quarter Courses Spring Visualization with Maya Catalog Number: 61072 Enrollment: Limited to 18. Gael McGill (Medical School) and David Lopes Cardozo (Medical School) *BCMP 307qc. Approaches to Drug Action, Discovery, and Design Catalog

Mekalanos, John

142

National Institute of General Medical Sciences  

MedlinePLUS

... Biomedical Data Science Training Coordination Center (U24) NIH Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) Initiative Research Education: Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on Data Management for Biomedical Big Data (R25) NIH Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) Initiative ...

143

Measurement science and manufacturing science research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research program of Semiconductor Research Corp. is managed as three overlapping areas: Manufacturing Sciences, Design Sciences and Microstructure Sciences. A total of 40 universities are participating in the performance of over 200 research tasks. The goals and direction of Manufacturing Sciences research became more clearly focused through the efforts of the Manufacturing Sciences Committee of the SRC Technical Advisory Board (TAB). The mission of the SRC Manufacturing Research is the quantification, control, and understanding of semiconductor manufacturing process necessary to achieve a predictable and profitable product output in the competitive environment of the next decade. The 1994 integrated circuit factory must demonstrate a three level hierarchy of control: (1) operation control, (2) process control, and (3) process design. These levels of control are briefly discussed.

Phillips, D. Howard

1987-01-01

144

Medical education practice-based research networks: Facilitating collaborative research.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: Research networks formalize and institutionalize multi-site collaborations by establishing an infrastructure that enables network members to participate in research, propose new studies, and exploit study data to move the field forward. Although practice-based clinical research networks are now widespread, medical education research networks are rapidly emerging. Aims: In this article, we offer a definition of the medical education practice-based research network, a brief description of networks in existence in July 2014 and their features, and a more detailed case study of the emergence and early growth of one such network, the Association of Pediatric Program Directors Longitudinal Educational Assessment Research Network (APPD LEARN). Methods: We searched for extant networks through peer-reviewed literature and the world-wide web. Results: We identified 15 research networks in medical education founded since 2002 with membership ranging from 8 to 120 programs. Most focus on graduate medical education in primary care or emergency medicine specialties. Conclusions: We offer four recommendations for the further development and spread of medical education research networks: increasing faculty development, obtaining central resources, studying networks themselves, and developing networks of networks. PMID:25319404

Schwartz, Alan; Young, Robin; Hicks, Patricia J

2014-10-16

145

Does Undergraduate Student Research Constitute Scholarship? Drawing on the Experiences of One Medical Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While undergraduate research has been part of the learning culture in some disciplines for many years, it is only more recently that it is being included into mainstream medical curricula. Undergraduate medical students at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, have several opportunities to undertake research

McLean, Michelle; Howarth, F. Christopher

2008-01-01

146

Domestic Medical Tourism: A Neglected Dimension of Medical Tourism Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, the literature on medical tourism has focused almost exclusively on international medical tourism, or medical services outsourced to other countries. However, there are a growing number of patients who travel for medical care within their own country. Medical tourism experts have suggested that competition introduced from abroad, combined with healthcare reform, may stimulate improvement in health care offerings

Simon Hudson; Xiang Li

2011-01-01

147

Domestic Medical Tourism: A Neglected Dimension of Medical Tourism Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, the literature on medical tourism has focused almost exclusively on international medical tourism, or medical services outsourced to other countries. However, there are a growing number of patients who travel for medical care within their own country. Medical tourism experts have suggested that competition introduced from abroad, combined with health care reform, may stimulate improvement in health care

Simon Hudson; Xiang Li

2012-01-01

148

Medical Amnesty Policies: Research is Needed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the issues surrounding medical amnesty policies in higher education beginning with the background of such policies, a summary of the current debate regarding the policies, and a discussion of research related to helping behaviors among college students. Due to the negative consequences of alcohol misuse, many student affairs…

Oster-Aaland, Laura; Eighmy, Myron A.

2008-01-01

149

Innovative methods for making behavioral science relevant to medical education.  

PubMed

Thousands of psychologists teach in U.S. medical schools, and these psychologists are responsible for ensuring that the medical students they train are aware of the ways in which research findings from the behavioral and social sciences can enhance the practice of medicine. In addition, it is imperative that physicians appreciate the limits of their own ability to treat psychological and psychiatric problems and know when to refer to mental health professionals. This brief article is based on a talk given by the author at the 2007 American Psychological Association (APA) convention after receiving the Association of Psychologists in Academic Health Centers (APAHC) Ivan Mensh Award for Distinguished Achievement in Teaching. The paper draws on the personal experiences of the author after three decades spent teaching behavioral science to medical students, and it introduces readers to the reasoning behind many of the decisions made in planning and developing each of the author's four editions of the medical school text Behavior and Medicine. PMID:19104972

Wedding, Danny

2008-06-01

150

Double standards in special medical research: questioning the discrepancy between requirements for medical research involving incompetent adults and medical research involving children.  

PubMed

Medical research represents a substantial departure from conventional medical care. Medical care is patient-orientated, with decisions based on the best interests and/or wishes of the person receiving the care. In contrast, medical research is future-directed. Primarily it aims to contribute new knowledge about illness or disease, or new knowledge about interventions, such as drugs, that impact upon some human condition. Current State and Territory laws and research ethics guidelines in Australia relating to the review of medical research appropriately acknowledge that the functions of medical care and medical research differ. Prior to a medical research project commencing, the study must be reviewed and approved by a Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC). For medical research involving incompetent adults, some jurisdictions require an additional, independent safeguard by way of tribunal or court approval of medical research protocols. This extra review process reflects the uncertainty of medical research involvement, and the difficulties surrogate decision-makers of incompetent adults face in making decisions about others, and deliberating about the risks and benefits of research involvement. Parents of children also face the same difficulties when making decisions about their child's research involvement. However, unlike the position concerning incompetent adults, there are no similar safeguards under Australian law in relation to the approval of medical research involving children. This column questions why this discrepancy exists with a view to generating further dialogue on the topic. PMID:24218780

Stepanov, Nikola A; Smith, Malcolm K

2013-09-01

151

Brain science, addiction and drugs An Academy of Medical Sciences working group report  

E-print Network

Brain science, addiction and drugs An Academy of Medical Sciences working group report chaired;Brain science, addiction and drugs An Academy of Medical Sciences working group report chaired by Professor Sir Gabriel Horn FRS FRCP May 2008 #12;BRAin SCienCe, AddiCtion And dRuGS 2 Acknowledgements

Cambridge, University of

152

Medical Research | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Medical Research Research Results in the News: A Users Guide ... day — you hear about a new result of medical research on television or read about it in the ...

153

Science fiction/science fact: medical genetics in news stories.  

PubMed

News media coverage of biotechnology issues offers a rich source of fictional portrayals, with stories drawing strongly on popular imagery and metaphors in descriptions of the powers and dangers of biotechnology. This article examines how science fiction metaphors, imagery and motifs surface in British newspaper (broadsheet and tabloid) coverage of medical genetic issues, focusing on press reporting of two recent highly publicised news media events; namely, the Hashmi and Whitaker families' plights to use stem cells from a 'perfectly matched sibling' for the treatment of their diseased children. It is concerned in particular with the extent to which journalists' use of certain literary devices encourages preferred formulations of medical genetics, and thereby potentially shapes public deliberation about scientific developments and their consequences for society. Understanding how science fiction sustains science fact, and vice versa, and how the former is portrayed in news media, it is argued, would thus seem to be crucial in the effort to understand why people respond so strongly to biotechnologies, and what they imagine their consequences to be. PMID:16610136

Petersen, Alan; Anderson, Alison; Allan, Stuart

2005-12-01

154

Correlation Research of Medical Security Management System Network Platform in Medical Practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective-The related research of medical security management system network in medical practice. Methods-Establishing network platform of medical safety management system, medical security network host station, medical security management system(C/S), medical security management system of departments and sections, comprehensive query, medical security disposal and examination system. Results-In medical safety management, medical security management system can reflect the hospital medical security problem, and can achieve real-time detection and improve the medical security incident detection rate. Conclusion-The application of the research in the hospital management implementation, can find hospital medical security hidden danger and the problems of medical disputes, and can help in resolving medical disputes in time and achieve good work efficiency, which is worth applying in the hospital practice.

Jie, Wang; Fan, Zhang; Jian, Hao; Li-nong, Yu; Jun, Fei; Ping, Hao; Ya-wei, Shen; Yue-jin, Chang

155

c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH NOTE  

E-print Network

of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, 88179­55786, Iran 3 Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 14115­111, Iran 4 Tehran Medical Genetics Laboratory, No. 297-syndromic deafness is caused by the mutation in gap junction beta 2 (GJB2) gene (GenBank M86849, OMIM# 121011) which

Boyer, Edmond

156

Explaining Feast or Famine in Randomized Field TrialsMedical Science and Criminology Compared  

Microsoft Academic Search

A feast of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in medical science and comparative famine in criminology can be explained in terms of cultural and structural factors. Of central importance is the context in which the evaluation of interventions is done and the difference in status of situational research in the two disciplines. Evaluation of medical interventions has traditionally been led by

Jonathen P. Shepherd

2003-01-01

157

Infection Research Colloquium Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre  

E-print Network

Infection Research Colloquium Jurjen Tel Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre The potency ______________________________________________________________________________________ Erlangen Center for Infection Research Contributing Research Consortia: Collaborative Research Center 643 Spokesman: Prof. Dr. G. Schuler Research Training Group 1071 Spokesman: Prof. Dr. B. Fleckenstein Research

Fiebig, Peter

158

Biology and medical research at the exascale.  

SciTech Connect

Advances in computational hardware and algorithms that have transformed areas of physics and engineering have recently brought similar benefits to biology and biomedical research. Biological sciences are undergoing a revolution. High-performance computing has accelerated the transition from hypothesis-driven to design-driven research at all scales, and computational simulation of biological systems is now driving the direction of biological experimentation and the generation of insights.

Wolf, L.; Pieper, G. W. (CLS-CI); ( MCS)

2010-01-01

159

WORLD MEDICAL ASSOCIATION DECLARATION OF HELSINKI Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects  

E-print Network

1 WORLD MEDICAL ASSOCIATION DECLARATION OF HELSINKI Ethical Principles for Medical Research of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, including first consideration," and the International Code of Medical Ethics declares that, "A physician shall act

Pfeifer, Holger

160

Program in Health and Medical Sciences, University of California, Berkeley.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1972, the development of a health sciences education program, oriented to health rather than medicine alone, was initiated at UCB. Summarized in this report are the major activities of the first three years in the areas of: an M.S. degree in health and medical sciences; a "medical option" program designed to prepare students for advanced…

Rovnanek, Agnes

161

Developing a Community Based Pre-College Medical Science Collaborative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist secondary and post-secondary educators develop community interactive science programs, this manual describes steps undertaken at New Mexico's Albuquerque Technical Vocational Institute to develop pre-college medical science programs that encourage local high school students to consider the college's medical technology program.…

Shagam, Janet Yagoda

162

..() B.Sc. (Medical Science) (1) 132 364-101  

E-print Network

Behavior II Medical Ethics II 311-331 Endocrine System and Metabolism 4 388-371 Human Life Cycle 4 367 and 1 COMPRE I Comprehensive Examination I - Medical Ethics I 13 19 4 388-491 Introduction 2-1 () ..() B.Sc. (Medical Science) (1) 132 364-101 1. 30 3 (4)311-211 1.1 (6

Laksanacharoen, Sathaporn

163

Medical school libraries' handling of articles that report invalid science.  

PubMed

In 1989-90 the authors conducted a nationwide study to examine how academic medical libraries handled articles that report invalid science and to determine the effectiveness of any policies implemented to limit the use of such articles. Ninety-five of the 127 medical school libraries the authors surveyed completed questionnaires analyzing policy and attitude issues. Eighty-four of these libraries manually reviewed the available copies they held of ten retracted articles. Of the 811 copies of the retracted, invalid articles reviewed, 742 (91.5%) were not tagged as being invalid. Seventy-nine percent of the libraries had tagged none of the retracted studies and only 16% had policies for managing articles that report invalid science. Academic librarians reflected a common attitude against perceived library censorship and emphasized the user's role in assuring validity. The nation's medical libraries, at least in part by intent, do not commonly identify or have policies to handle the invalid articles they hold. The authors conclude that biomedical researchers, clinicians, and teachers should not assume published studies held in libraries are inherently valid. The lack of stated policy and the disparate assumptions about the role libraries play in this area may perpetuate the use of invalid articles. PMID:1546986

Pfeifer, M P; Snodgrass, G L

1992-02-01

164

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until \\"the next revision to the web site this winter.\\"

2005-11-02

165

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until "the next revision to the web site this winter."

166

Development of an Asset Map of Medical Education Research Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Medical education research is gaining recognition as scholarship within academic medical centers. This survey was conducted at a medium-sized academic medical center in the United States. The purpose of the study was to learn faculty interest in research in medical education, so assets could be used to develop educational scholarship…

Christiaanse, Mary E.; Russell, Eleanor L.; Crandall, Sonia J.; Lambros, Ann; Manuel, Janeen C.; Kirk, Julienne K.

2008-01-01

167

Science for All. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students need to be competent in science because of its impact on everyday decision-making, the rapid pace of change and the increasing interdependent global economy (Lawton, 2007; U.S. Department of Education, 2000; Lederman, 1998). According to the National Research Council, "Teachers of science should develop communities of science learners…

Walker, Karen

2008-01-01

168

[Educational system for medical sciences at the University of Tsukuba--with special reference to medical technology].  

PubMed

Three-year colleges for nursing, medical technology, and so on, have all been reorganized into four-year educational institutions in national universities. Since the reform, universities are not responsible for educating medical scientists except nurses. The new College of Nursing and Medical Technology in the University of Tsukuba has been developed along these lines. Here introduce some of its attempts and provide an opportunity to a better system. The Department has the following three characteristics: 1. Medical scientists are educated in the new Department, and the Department is closely cooperating with the School of Medicine. 2. There are courses for medical researchers concerning Molecular Pathology, Pathological Engineering and Environmental Pathology. 3. The qualification to apply to a national test for medical technologists is given to the students. Unfortunately, the system is not fully understood by the faculty or the students and does not work well because the Medical Technology Department and the Nursing Department are grouped together as a single institution. Moreover, this flaw in the system prevents the Medical Technology Department from actively promoting highly advanced medical sciences, such as organ transplantation, artificial organs, gene therapy, reproductive medicines, and so forth (Fig. 1). Few specialists exist who can bridge achievements in basic or advanced sciences and clinical application. Serious social problems about food safety, care systems, post-genome medicine, the youth, and so on, have to be dealt with, too. We are thus planning to separate the Department as the College of Medical Science (Fig. 2) and link it to the educational system in the master's and doctoral programs (Fig. 3). This model will successfully educate a new type of medical specialists. PMID:16637583

Ohta, Toshiko

2006-03-01

169

Research at GeoSciences  

E-print Network

Subsurface Geoscience Research at Edinburgh School of GeoSciences #12;1 | Subsurface at Edinburgh School of GeoSciences #12;Subsurface at Edinburgh | 2 Subsurface Geoscience Research Group The Subsurface Geoscience group studies the physical and chemical properties, origin and history of the Earth

170

U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases  

MedlinePLUS

... you for your interest in the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID). The dedicated members ... site provides an introduction to the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) and contains official ...

171

Senator Arlen Specter: Backing Medical Research and Battling Lymphoma  

MedlinePLUS

... Cover Story: Leukemia/Lymphoma Senator Arlen Specter: Backing Medical Research and Battling Lymphoma Past Issues / Summer 2008 Table ... been a long-time supporter and proponent of medical research. Recently, he underwent his second round of chemotherapy ...

172

Valuing computer science education research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically enquires into the value systems which rule the activities of teaching and research. This critique is intended to demonstrate the application of critical enquiry in Computer Science Education Research and therefore uses critical theory as a method of analysis. A framework of Research as a Discourse is applied to explore how the notions of research as opposed

Tony Clear

2006-01-01

173

Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2014 /2015 Inform -Involve -Enable  

E-print Network

Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2014 /2015 Inform - Involve - Enable Revised 3/14/14 1 Medical Education Research Scholars Program (MERSP) Application Cover Sheet Name (Last, First, M________________________ Date:________ ResetPrint Save #12;Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2014 /2015 Inform

Finley Jr., Russell L.

174

All-Party Parliamentary Group on Medical Research  

E-print Network

3 All-Party Parliamentary Group on Medical Research Summer Reception 11 July 2012 How data saves on Medical Research includes MPs and peers from across the political parties. Established in December 2005, it provides a network for Parliamentarians with an interest in the medical research sector. The APPG

Rambaut, Andrew

175

The effect of ICTs on the accessibility of medical research Information by Medical Research Personnel in Zambia.  

E-print Network

??This study aimed at assessing the effects of information Communication Technologies(ICTs)on the accessibility of medical research information by medical research personnel in Zambia.It was an… (more)

Mwalimu, Chanda Edward

2010-01-01

176

A research program in medical physics for remote students.  

PubMed

The University of Adelaide in co-operation with the Royal Adelaide Hospital offers a degree of Master of Science (Medical Physics) which is available both to students resident in Adelaide and to remote students employed in hospitals in Australia or New Zealand. The program comprises research carried out in the work place, and courses delivered from Adelaide. The courses Radiation Biology, Protection and Epidemiology and Radiotherapy Physics are currently delivered on-line. A project has commenced to modify the presentation of all courses so that remote students can interact with their fellow students in weekly tutorials and engage in informal discussions through a discussion forum. PMID:16055365

Pollard, Judith

2005-09-01

177

Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania  

E-print Network

Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Perelman School of Medicine at the University in academic medicine · To promote research and education in women's health Dual Mission To support in women's health: 1 award may be specific to CV research ­ Clinical, basic science or community · Open

Bushman, Frederic

178

Model observers in medical imaging research.  

PubMed

Model observers play an important role in the optimization and assessment of imaging devices. In this review paper, we first discuss the basic concepts of model observers, which include the mathematical foundations and psychophysical considerations in designing both optimal observers for optimizing imaging systems and anthropomorphic observers for modeling human observers. Second, we survey a few state-of-the-art computational techniques for estimating model observers and the principles of implementing these techniques. Finally, we review a few applications of model observers in medical imaging research. PMID:24312150

He, Xin; Park, Subok

2013-01-01

179

Model Observers in Medical Imaging Research  

PubMed Central

Model observers play an important role in the optimization and assessment of imaging devices. In this review paper, we first discuss the basic concepts of model observers, which include the mathematical foundations and psychophysical considerations in designing both optimal observers for optimizing imaging systems and anthropomorphic observers for modeling human observers. Second, we survey a few state-of-the-art computational techniques for estimating model observers and the principles of implementing these techniques. Finally, we review a few applications of model observers in medical imaging research. PMID:24312150

He, Xin; Park, Subok

2013-01-01

180

Registers for Networked Medical Research in Germany  

PubMed Central

Background Several disease specific registers are operated by members of the ‘TMF – Technology, Methods, and Infrastructure for Networked Medical Research’, an umbrella organization of research networks in Germany. Objective To describe the coverage and the current state as well as financial and organizational issues of registers operated by member networks of the TMF, to identify their requirements and needs, and to recommend best practice models. Methods A survey with a self-completion questionnaire including all 55 TMF member networks was carried out in winter 2007/2008. Interviews focusing on technological issues were conducted and analyzed in summer 2009 with a convenience sample of 10 registers. Results From 55 TMF member networks, 11 provided information about 14 registers. Six registers address diseases of the circulatory system with more than 150,000 registered patients. The interviews revealed a typical setting of “research registers”. Research registers are an important mean to generate hypotheses for clinical research, to identify eligible patients, and to share data with clinical trials. Concerning technical solutions, we found a remarkable heterogeneity. The analysis of the most efficient registers revealed a structure with five levels as best practice model of register management: executive, operations, IT-management, software, hardware. Conclusion In the last ten years, the TMF member networks established disease specific registers in Germany mainly to support clinical research. The heterogeneity of organizational and technical solutions as well as deficits in register planning motivated the development of respective recommendations. The TMF will continue to assist the registers in quality improvement. PMID:23616850

Stausberg, J.; Altmann, U.; Antony, G.; Drepper, J.; Sax, U.; Schütt, A.

2010-01-01

181

Wellcome witnesses: the Medical Research Council Applied Psychology Unit.  

PubMed

A Witness Seminar brings together individuals involved in a significant event in the treatment of a medical condition to describe its background and to discuss, debate, or even to disagree with their peers' recollections. A brief description is given of the Witness Seminar, held in June 2001 by the Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London, which considered the history of Medical Research Council's Applied Psychology Unit (ABU) in Cambridge, United Kingdom. The APU was created in 1944 and produced more than 3,000 papers before it was renamed the Cognition and Brain Sciences Unite (CBU) in 1998. Photographs of key figures and purpose-built apparatus illustrate some of its early work as recorded in the published transcript of the meeting. PMID:15025061

Reynolds, Lois

2004-02-01

182

Vision: To transform the medical sector by researching, testing  

E-print Network

1 Vision: To transform the medical devices1 sector by researching, testing and making methods of device users, the medical device industry, regulators and reimbursement agencies, and healthcare April 2004 1 For `Medical device,' we take a very broad view in line with the Medical Devices Directive

Oakley, Jeremy

183

NCI and the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Sign Statement of Intent  

Cancer.gov

Today the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Cancer Institute/Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CICAMS) signed a statement of intent to share an interest in fostering collaborative biomedical research in oncology and a common goal in educating and training the next generation of cancer research scientists and clinicians.

184

A call for outcomes research in medical education.  

PubMed

The primary goal of medical education is to produce physicians who deliver high-quality health care. Recent calls for greater accountability in medical education and the development of outcomes research methodologies should encourage a new research effort to examine the effects of medical training upon clinical outcomes. The authors offer a research agenda that links medical education and quality of health care and give specific examples of potential research projects that would begin to examine that relationship. A proposed model of patient outcomes research in medical education recognizes the contributory effects of health care system-level factors as well as the continuum of medical education, process measures, and individual training and preparedness to deliver high-quality care. There exists an opportunity to create a research agenda in medical education outcomes research that is multidisciplinary, broad based, and focused on patient-centered outcomes. PMID:15383351

Chen, Frederick M; Bauchner, Howard; Burstin, Helen

2004-10-01

185

[Anthropology of medical research in developing countries: a Senegalese experience].  

PubMed

Medical research is an essential tool of biomedicine that raises many social and ethical questions especially in resource-poor countries where the number of clinical trials has increased significantly over the past two decades. This article presents the way anthropology of medical research critically examines medical research in non-western countries without questioning its strategic importance for advances in scientific knowledge and in public health improvement. This article draws on observations conducted in Senegal in 2007 during a vaccine trial against meningitis and discusses, more broadly, medical research in non western-countries related to: the presence and management of medical research sites, the impact of medical research benefits on its representations and the questions raised by blood-stealing rumours regarding medical research practice itself. PMID:23351699

Ouvrier, Ashley

2013-01-01

186

NASA's Microgravity Science Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ongoing challenge faced by NASA's Microgravity Science Research Program is to work with the scientific and engineering communities to secure the maximum return from our Nation's investments by: assuring that the best possible science emerges from the science community for microgravity investigations; ensuring the maximum scientific return from each investigation in the most timely and cost-effective manner; and enhancing the distribution of data and applications of results acquired through completed investigations to maximize their benefits.

1996-01-01

187

Synchrotron radiation applications in medical research at Brookhaven National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

In the relatively short time that synchrotrons have been available to the scientific community, their characteristic beams of UV and X-ray radiation have been applied to virtually all areas of medical science which use ionizing radiation. The ability to tune intense monochromatic beams over wide energy ranges clearly differentiates these sources from standard clinical and research tools. The tunable spectrum, high intrinsic collimation of the beams, polarization and intensity of the beams make possible in-vitro and in-vivo research and therapeutic programs not otherwise possible. From the beginning of research operation at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), many programs have been carrying out basic biomedical research. At first, the research was limited to in-vitro programs such as the x-ray microscope, circular dichroism, XAFS, protein crystallography, micro-tomography and fluorescence analysis. Later, as the coronary angiography program made plans to move its experimental phase from SSRL to the NSLS, it became clear that other in-vivo projects could also be carried out at the synchrotron. The development of SMERF (Synchrotron Medical Research Facility) on beamline X17 became the home not only for angiography but also for the MECT (Multiple Energy Computed Tomography) project for cerebral and vascular imaging. The high energy spectrum on X17 is necessary for the MRT (Microplanar Radiation Therapy) experiments. Experience with these programs and the existence of the Medical Programs Group at the NSLS led to the development of a program in synchrotron based mammography. A recent adaptation of the angiography hardware has made it possible to image human lungs (bronchography). Fig. 1 schematically depicts the broad range of active programs at the NSLS.

Thomlinson, W.

1997-08-01

188

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report  

E-print Network

of children with ADHD, They had more trouble inhibiting prepotent actions than con- trol children with other by administration of stimulant medication (methylphenidate), which also improves behavioral symp- toms of ADHD J. Schachar,^ and Rosemary Tannock^ University of Illinois and '^Hospital for Sick Children Abstract

Logan, Gordon D.

189

Medical and Health Sciences Foundation Fellowships Grant Title  

E-print Network

Organization Howard Hughes Medical Institute 4000 Jones Bridge Road Chevy Chase, MD 20815-6789 United States Education Biomedical Research Dental Education Dental Health Education #12;International Education

190

Interdisciplinary Science Research and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science history shows us that interdisciplinarity is a spontaneous process that is intrinsic to, and engendered by, research activity. It is an activity that is done rather than an object to be designed and constructed. We examine three vignettes from the history of science that display the interdisciplinary process at work and consider the…

MacKinnon, P. J.; Hine, D.; Barnard, R. T.

2013-01-01

191

Two h-Index Benchmarks for Evaluating the Publication Performance of Medical Informatics Researchers  

PubMed Central

Background The h-index is a commonly used metric for evaluating the publication performance of researchers. However, in a multidisciplinary field such as medical informatics, interpreting the h-index is a challenge because researchers tend to have diverse home disciplines, ranging from clinical areas to computer science, basic science, and the social sciences, each with different publication performance profiles. Objective To construct a reference standard for interpreting the h-index of medical informatics researchers based on the performance of their peers. Methods Using a sample of authors with articles published over the 5-year period 2006–2011 in the 2 top journals in medical informatics (as determined by impact factor), we computed their h-index using the Scopus database. Percentiles were computed to create a 6-level benchmark, similar in scheme to one used by the US National Science Foundation, and a 10-level benchmark. Results The 2 benchmarks can be used to place medical informatics researchers in an ordered category based on the performance of their peers. A validation exercise mapped the benchmark levels to the ranks of medical informatics academic faculty in the United States. The 10-level benchmark tracked academic rank better (with no ties) and is therefore more suitable for practical use. Conclusions Our 10-level benchmark provides an objective basis to evaluate and compare the publication performance of medical informatics researchers with that of their peers using the h-index. PMID:23079075

Arbuckle, Luk; Jonker, Elizabeth; Anderson, Kevin

2012-01-01

192

479Program of Medical Laboratory Sciences Undergraduate Catalogue 201314  

E-print Network

, antigens, antibodies, and complement system, as well as basic principles in blood banking and transfusion medicine. First semester. #12;480 Program of Medical Laboratory Sciences Undergraduate Catalogue 2013

Shihadeh, Alan

193

Tier 2 Canada Research Chair Medical Health Informatics  

E-print Network

Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Medical Health Informatics Schulich School of Medicine intensive universities, seeks applicants for a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Medical Health Informatics, and the potential to achieve international recognition in the field of medical health informatics within the next

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

194

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngin  

E-print Network

09 Engineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research

Hensinger, Winfried

195

Computing Life: National Institute of General Medical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computers are embedded in much of what we do, whether it's a form of instant communication or the navigation of city streets via a GPS unit. Computers have also proved to be extremely useful to scientific researchers, a fact not lost on the people at the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS). The NIGMS has created this virtual online booklet titled "Computing Life" in order to inform young people about the various scientific and medical careers that are open to them and to educate people more generally about the role of computers in scientific inquiry and discovery. The homepage features a set of "Featured Topics" that contains video clips of researchers talking about their work, interactive games, and role-playing exercises. These intriguing topics include "Movie Mania", "The Next Top Protein Model", and "Made Possible By"". In the "Web Extras" area, visitors can watch short films (including a simulation of potential pandemic flu in the United States), listen and watch interviews, and take a crack at a crossword puzzle. Visitors who get hooked on the site may wish to sign up to receive updates via their RSS feed.

196

Designing medical informatics research and library--resource projects to increase what is learned.  

PubMed Central

Careful study of medical informatics research and library-resource projects is necessary to increase the productivity of the research and development enterprise. Medical informatics research projects can present unique problems with respect to evaluation. It is not always possible to adapt directly the evaluation methods that are commonly employed in the natural and social sciences. Problems in evaluating medical informatics projects may be overcome by formulating system development work in terms of a testable hypothesis; subdividing complex projects into modules, each of which can be developed, tested and evaluated rigorously; and utilizing qualitative studies in situations where more definitive quantitative studies are impractical. PMID:7719785

Stead, W W; Haynes, R B; Fuller, S; Friedman, C P; Travis, L E; Beck, J R; Fenichel, C H; Chandrasekaran, B; Buchanan, B G; Abola, E E

1994-01-01

197

SRI LANKAN MEDICAL MANUSCRIPTS – AN UNTAPPED SOURCE OF AYURVEDIC RESEARCH  

PubMed Central

Sri Lankan Medical manuscripts offer a wealth of information on the practice of Ayurveda. The significant of these manuscripts in the various speheres of medical research in presented in this communication. PMID:22556558

Liyanaratne, Jinadasa

1991-01-01

198

Alexandrite Lasers In Medical Research And Prospects For Clinical Instrumentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Alexandrite laser properties are discussed in light of applications foreseen in medical instrumentation. Attention is given to apparent clinical alternatives to be made possible by this technology, and to some directions now being pursued in medical research.

Walling, John C.

1988-06-01

199

History of Medical Sciences in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The practice and study of medicine in Persia has a long and prolific history. The ancient Iranian medicine was combined by different medical traditions from Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China and Greece for more than 4000 years and merged to form what became the nucleus and foundation of medical practice in the European countries in the 13th century. The Iranian academic

Jalal Pourahmad

2008-01-01

200

Analyzing Medical Processes Dept. of Computer Science  

E-print Network

technologies to processes in other problem domains. Medical errors are a major cause of death in our society each year in US hospitals from preventable medical errors. There is am- ple anecdotal evidence. The healthcare literature is replete with docu- mented evidence of such errors as administration of blood

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

201

Analyzing Medical Processes Dept. of Computer Science  

E-print Network

problem domains. Medical errors are a major cause of death in our society. A 1999 report from from preventable medical errors. There is am- ple anecdotal evidence that the complexity is replete with docu- mented evidence of such errors as administration of blood of the wrong type

Avrunin, George S.

202

. RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA  

E-print Network

is traditionally considered to be optimal, is not always the best choice. Our study offers a new deep understanding University, Nanjing 210093, China; 3Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, The University distribution, query rate, success rate, expected search size Citation Feng G F, Li W Z, Lu S L, et al

Buyya, Rajkumar

203

PRESS RELATIONS Science/ Research  

E-print Network

through the Leading-Edge Cluster competition being held by the German Federal Ministry of Education of customized therapies and affordable medicines to combat various common diseases. At the same time to five years. Half of the funding is provided by the German Ministry of Education and Science, while co

Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin

204

Journal of Research in Science and Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage for the Journal of Research in Science and Teaching, the official journal of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching. The site publishes reports for science education researchers and practitioners on such issues as science teaching and learning and science education policy.

Wiley

205

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Medical Sciences Division report for 1994  

SciTech Connect

The primary mission of the Medical Sciences Division is (1) to conduct basic and applied biomedical research on human health related to energy systems, (2) to provide technical assistance and training in occupational and environmental medicine, and (3) to make related biomedical applications available to others through technology transfer. As can be gleaned from this report, the strengths and capabilities of their staff in carrying out this mission are closely aligned with the four core competencies of ORISE: (1) occupational and environmental health, (2) environmental and safety evaluation and analysis, (3) education and training, and (4) enabling research. Brief descriptions of the various scientific and technical programs and their progress, as well as the staff responsible for the accomplishments made during 1994, are presented in this report. Research programs include the following: biochemistry; cytogenetics; Center for Epidemiologic Research; Center for Human Reliability Studies; occupational medicine; Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site; and Radiation Internal Dose Information Center.

Snyder, F.; Poston, S.; Engle, J. [eds.

1995-08-01

206

Organizational behavior of employees of Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Organizational behaviors are commonly acknowledged as fundamentals of organizational life that strongly influence both formal and informal organizational processes, interpersonal relationships, work environments, and pay and promotion policies. The current study aims to investigate political behavior tendencies among employees of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). This cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study was conducted on 810 TUMS employees at the headquarters of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran during 2010–2011. The research tool for data collection was a researcher-tailored questionnaire on political behaviors. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by seven management professors, and its reliability was tested by a pilot study using test-retest method which yielded a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.71. The respondents were asked to fill the questionnaire and express their perceptions and tendencies to engage in organizational behaviors. The collected data was read to and analyzed by IBM SPSS environment and correlation analytical methods. Overall, 729 respondents filled and returned the questionnaire yielding a response rate of 90%. Most of the respondents indicated that they had no tendency to engage in political behavior. Moreover, we found that there was a significant correlation between sex, higher education degrees, tenure and the employees’ tendency to engage in political behavior. The participants were not overtly political because of their personal belief, ethical values, and personal characters. Non-political and overtly political employees are both prejudicial for all organizations. Therefore, it seems that the medium rate of good political behavior is vital and prevalent in Iranian organizations. PMID:23908760

Dargahi, Hossein

2012-01-01

207

78 FR 3019 - Privacy Act of 1974; Science & Technology Directorate-001 Research, Development, Test, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...terrorism or biomedical and life sciences research; and subject matter experts...titles, dates and sources; Medical history; Lifestyle information (e.g...C. 182(b)), authorizes the Science and Technology Directorate to...

2013-01-15

208

The Secure Medical Research Workspace: An IT Infrastructure to Enable Secure Research on Clinical Data  

PubMed Central

Clinical data has tremendous value for translational research, but only if security and privacy concerns can be addressed satisfactorily. A collaboration of clinical and informatics teams, including RENCI, NC TraCS, UNC’s School of Information and Library Science, Information Technology Service’s Research Computing and other partners at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed a system called the Secure Medical Research Workspace (SMRW) that enables researchers to use clinical data securely for research. SMRW significantly minimizes the risk presented when using of identified clinical data, thereby protecting patients, researchers, and institutions associated with the data. The SMRW is built on a novel combination of virtualization and data leakage protection and can be combined with other protection methodologies and scaled to production levels. PMID:23751029

Shoffner, Michael; Owen, Phillips; Mostafa, Javed; Lamm, Brent; Wang, Xiaoshu; Schmitt, Charles P.; Ahalt, Stanley C.

2013-01-01

209

The secure medical research workspace: an IT infrastructure to enable secure research on clinical data.  

PubMed

Clinical data have tremendous value for translational research, but only if security and privacy concerns can be addressed satisfactorily. A collaboration of clinical and informatics teams, including RENCI, NC TraCS, UNC's School of Information and Library Science, Information Technology Service's Research Computing and other partners at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed a system called the Secure Medical Research Workspace (SMRW) that enables researchers to use clinical data securely for research. SMRW significantly minimizes the risk presented when using identified clinical data, thereby protecting patients, researchers, and institutions associated with the data. The SMRW is built on a novel combination of virtualization and data leakage protection and can be combined with other protection methodologies and scaled to production levels. PMID:23751029

Shoffner, Michael; Owen, Phillips; Mostafa, Javed; Lamm, Brent; Wang, Xiaoshu; Schmitt, Charles P; Ahalt, Stanley C

2013-06-01

210

Research in computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research efforts of University of Virginia students under a NASA sponsored program are summarized and the status of the program is reported. The research includes: testing method evaluations for N version programming; a representation scheme for modeling three dimensional objects; fault tolerant protocols for real time local area networks; performance investigation of Cyber network; XFEM implementation; and vectorizing incomplete Cholesky conjugate gradients.

Ortega, J. M.

1984-01-01

211

NASA's computer science research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Following a major assessment of NASA's computing technology needs, a new program of computer science research has been initiated by the Agency. The program includes work in concurrent processing, management of large scale scientific databases, software engineering, reliable computing, and artificial intelligence. The program is driven by applications requirements in computational fluid dynamics, image processing, sensor data management, real-time mission control and autonomous systems. It consists of university research, in-house NASA research, and NASA's Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science (RIACS) and Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering (ICASE). The overall goal is to provide the technical foundation within NASA to exploit advancing computing technology in aerospace applications.

Larsen, R. L.

1983-01-01

212

Annual Report of the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences Kyoto University  

E-print Network

Annual Report of the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences Kyoto University Transmigration Idling Release DA PCV #12;#12;! ! " # $ % & Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences #12;Annual Report 2010 #12;! Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences #12;! Annual Report 2010 #12;Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences

Takada, Shoji

213

Annual Report of the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences Kyoto University  

E-print Network

Annual Report of the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences Kyoto University #12;#12;Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences 1 2 3 4 5 6 #12;#12;Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences 1 #12;Annual Report 2011 2 #12;Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences #12;Annual Report 2011 3 #12;Institute for Frontier

Takada, Shoji

214

Annual Report of the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences Kyoto University  

E-print Network

Annual Report of the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences Kyoto University 2009 #12;! ! " # " # $ % & Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences #12;! Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences #12;! Annual Report 2009 #12;Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences #12;! Prof. Kazuhiro Nagata Annual Report 2009 #12

Takada, Shoji

215

Information Update Research Fellowship for International Young Scientists NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects With Danish National Research Foundation NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects with DFG News in Brief: NSFC set up Department of Medical Sciences NSFC Announced Approved Cooperative Projects With France and Germany NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects With Academy of Finland NSFC Announced Application Guide for Cooperative Research Projects with K. T. Li Foundation NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research projects With Japan Science and Technology Agency NSFC Announced Application Guide for Cooperative Research Projects With Royal Society of Edinburgh for 2010 NSFC Announced a List of proved Cooperative Projects With Three International Organizations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research Fellowship for International Young Scientists NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects With Danish National Research Foundation NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects with DFG News in Brief: NSFC set up Department of Medical Sciences NSFC Announced Approved Cooperative Projects With France and Germany NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects With Academy of Finland NSFC Announced Application Guide for Cooperative Research Projects with K. T. Li Foundation NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research projects With Japan Science and Technology Agency NSFC Announced Application Guide for Cooperative Research Projects With Royal Society of Edinburgh for 2010 NSFC Announced a List of proved Cooperative Projects With Three International Organizations

2009-01-01

216

Medical-Research Ethics under the Microscope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the growing involvement between medical schools and medical industries and the ethical problems this situation poses. The main concern is that investigators may expose subjects to unnecessary risks because they are driven by financial motives. (SLD)

Mangan, Katherine

2003-01-01

217

Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Food Science (Includes Pre-Medical/Dental Option)  

E-print Network

Chemical/Anal Prin Lab 2 ____ CHM 2230 Organic Chem Lab 2 _____ NFS 2210 Human Nutrition (221) 3 ____ NFS 2130 Intro Food Science (213) 3 _____ NFS 2220 Human Nutrition Lab 1 ____ NFS 2140 Intro Food ScienceBachelor of Science in Nutrition and Food Science (Includes Pre-Medical/Dental Option) Suggested

Berdichevsky, Victor

218

Investigation of the age trends in patients with breast cancer and different sizes of tumors in Breast Cancer Research Center of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2001-2010  

PubMed Central

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cause of death in women in the age range of 35-55 years. Each year, one or two cases of breast cancer per 1000 women are diagnosed as new cases. Despite the serious prognosis and high rate of morbidity, mortality, and pathogenicity, in the case of early diagnoses, the prognosis will be better. The aim of this study was to investigate the age trends in breast cancer patients with different sizes of tumors in Breast Cancer Research Center of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2001-2010. Materials and Methods: The information in radiotherapy and oncology of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and Milad Hospital from 2001 to 2010 were coded and analyzed. Frequency of patients’ age groups, tumor sizes and the year of cancer diagnosis were calculated. Correlation test was used for data analysis in statistical analysis in social science (SPSS) software version 18. Findings: Among the 3722 patients with breast cancer, the highest relative frequency distribution, respectively was observed in the age of 40-49 years (34.4%), 50-59 years (26.6%), 30-39 years (17.7%), 60-69 years (13.2%), 20-29 years (2.5%), 70 years and older (5.2%) and less than 20 years. Relative frequency distribution of tumor sizes in a variety of 5 cm (T2) was with the frequency of 59.8%, and then 26% at 5 cm (T3), 10.5% at 2 cm (T1), 3.1% at T4 and 0.6 at In-situ, respectively. Conclusion: The investigation of age trends showed that diagnosis rate of breast cancer increased from 2001 to 2004. It reached its highest value in 2006 at the age range of 30-39 years. Then, the trend has been downward, and it has continued to decline until 2010, which could be the result of the equipping screening system and recording the malignant cases. 85.8% of the examined tumors in T2 and T3 group were visible and may be disturbing. Comparing the frequency distribution of the infected population showed that the highest incidence of breast cancer diagnosis were in the age range of 40-49 years. It seems that as long as the mass has not reached an obvious palpable state, it has not been diagnosed. PMID:25013834

Tazhibi, Mehdi; Dehkordi, Zahra Fazeli; Babazadeh, Shadi; Tabatabaeian, Maryam; Rezaei, Parisa; Faghihi, Mehri

2014-01-01

219

Science production in Iran: The scenario of Iranian medical journals.  

PubMed

In Iran, the number of published articles has increased significantly in the basic and applied sciences including medicine and its subspecialties during the recent years. The present study reviewed Iranian science production in medicine, focusing on Iranian medical journals and assessing the current status of Iranian medical journals in several information databases. The study revealed that only a few number of Iranian biomedical journals were indexed by Web of Science, Medline, Scopus and Biological abstract, but most of them have been covered by Index Copernicus and Index Medicus for Eastern Mediterranean Region. Observing some important factors such as journal's basic publishing standards may increase the number of Iranian medical journals indexed by reputable information databases and improve Iranian contribution to the world science. PMID:21772902

Aminpour, Farzaneh; Kabiri, Payam

2009-09-01

220

Challenges and Research Directions in Medical Cyber-Physical Systems  

E-print Network

research issues. Index Terms--cyber-physical systems, model-based design, medical device systems, closed-loop physiological control, design challenges I. INTRODUCTION The medical device industry is undergoing a rapid trans-aware, networked systems of medical devices. These systems are increasingly used in hospitals to provide high

Plotkin, Joshua B.

221

Research for the soldier: bringing science fiction medicine to life.  

PubMed

Through means of a science fiction vignette, this paper presents and discusses many of the current research projects ongoing to enable the U.S. military medical services to provide an outstanding level of care in future conflicts. The research capabilities and programs of the U.S. Army Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC) are discussed, as are the partnerships between the TATRC and its collaborating researchers. PMID:16942415

Lam, David M; Curley, Kenneth C

2006-08-01

222

Issues and priorities of medical education research in Asia.  

PubMed

This article addresses the roles, issues, approaches, rationale, pitfalls, priorities and balance of research in medical education, particularly its "disarray" status in Asia. Research in medical education has influenced education in many ways. Most importantly, it provides legitimate evidences to stakeholders on which to make educational decisions. It also has a wider social impact on teaching practice and subsequent clinical practice. However, in Asia, medical educational research has not substantially influenced educational policy and medical practices. Moreover, it fails to receive comparable attention as in developed countries. A number of constraints that have hampered the development of educational research in Asia are identified: low socio-economic condition of the region; cultural and religious values and beliefs of the people; lack of congruence between the mission and vision of medical schools; leadership crisis; lack of financial resources; inadequate exposure to medical educational research in undergraduate training; lack of collaboration and commitment; and unforeseeable short-term outcome of medical education. The article concludes with some specific recommendations to strengthen research and to create a research culture in the region, including active leadership and commitment of the institutes/organisations, careful assessment and strategic settings of the priorities of medical educational research, establishment of a regional centre for medical education research, availability of financial resources, wider dissemination of research findings, collaboration with the developed countries and initiative to publish regional-based medical education journals, including electronic journals. Appropriate research environment and culture will enable stakeholders to obtain evidence-based information from educational research to increase the relevance, quality, cost-effectiveness and equity of medical education and practice in Asia. PMID:15098645

Majumder, M A A

2004-03-01

223

The Culture of Translational Science Research  

PubMed Central

We apply a symbolic interactionist framework and a qualitative methodology to the examination of the everyday reality of translational science research (TSR). This is a growing scientific movement that aims to facilitate the efficient application of basic research to clinical service design and delivery. We describe the emerging culture of translational research at a mid-size medical center that received a Clinical and Translational Science Award from the National Institutes of Health. The stories related by scientists, clinicians, and students in interviews indicate that they make sense of the emerging inter- and cross-disciplinary, team-oriented culture of TSR through the refinement and redefinition of the significant symbols that inform their work while they attempt to master translational research by addressing the dilemmas it produces for them and their work. We see the strength, currency, adaptability, and energy of the core self-definition of “scientist” to be significant in shaping the emerging culture of translational research. We conclude by celebrating the value of interpretive ethnography for evaluation research.

Kotarba, Joseph A.; Wooten, Kevin; Freeman, Jean; Brasier, Allan R.

2014-01-01

224

Evaluation of medical research performance – position paper of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF)  

PubMed Central

Objective: The evaluation of medical research performance is a key prerequisite for the systematic advancement of medical faculties, research foci, academic departments, and individual scientists’ careers. However, it is often based on vaguely defined aims and questionable methods and can thereby lead to unwanted regulatory effects. The current paper aims at defining the position of German academic medicine toward the aims, methods, and consequences of its evaluation. Methods: During the Berlin Forum of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF) held on 18 October 2013, international experts presented data on methods for evaluating medical research performance. Subsequent discussions among representatives of relevant scientific organizations and within three ad-hoc writing groups led to a first draft of this article. Further discussions within the AWMF Committee for Evaluation of Performance in Research and Teaching and the AWMF Executive Board resulted in the final consented version presented here. Results: The AWMF recommends modifications to the current system of evaluating medical research performance. Evaluations should follow clearly defined and communicated aims and consist of both summative and formative components. Informed peer reviews are valuable but feasible in longer time intervals only. They can be complemented by objective indicators. However, the Journal Impact Factor is not an appropriate measure for evaluating individual publications or their authors. The scientific “impact” rather requires multidimensional evaluation. Indicators of potential relevance in this context may include, e.g., normalized citation rates of scientific publications, other forms of reception by the scientific community and the public, and activities in scientific organizations, research synthesis and science communication. In addition, differentiated recommendations are made for evaluating the acquisition of third-party funds and the promotion of junior scientists. Conclusions: With the explicit recommendations presented in the current position paper, the AWMF suggests enhancements to the practice of evaluating medical research performance by faculties, ministries and research funding organizations. PMID:24971044

Herrmann-Lingen, Christoph; Brunner, Edgar; Hildenbrand, Sibylle; Loew, Thomas H.; Raupach, Tobias; Spies, Claudia; Treede, Rolf-Detlef; Vahl, Christian-Friedrich; Wenz, Hans-Jürgen

2014-01-01

225

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science  

E-print Network

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science FY 2006 Accomplishment HDF5-Fast fundamental Computer Science technologies and their application in production scientific research tools. Our focuses on research and development activities that bridge a gap between fundamental data management

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

226

Substance Use among Students of Guilan University of Medical Sciences in Iran in 2005-2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Population pattern in Guilan province represents a dramatic increase in youth population. Regard- ing high prevalence of substance use among them, its destructive effects and consequences and paucity of previous related studies, this research was performed to determine the prevalence of substance use among students of Guilan University of Medical Sciences (GUMS). We conducted a cross-sectional study in a repre-

Homa Zarrabi; Kiomars Najafi; Moosa Kafi; Maryam Shirazi

227

The Integration of Behavioral Science Theory and Clinical Experience for Second-Year Medical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program is described that relates behavioral science research to cancer care, encourages frank discussion and objective analysis of oncology practice, and attempts to dispell the myth that cancer patients are not medically manageable. A wide range of teaching methods are used. (MSE)

Taylor, Kathryn M.; And Others

1983-01-01

228

Medical technology advances from space research.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA-sponsored medical R & D programs for space applications are reviewed with particular attention to the benefits of these programs to earthbound medical services and to the general public. Notable among the results of these NASA programs is an integrated medical laboratory equipped with numerous advanced systems such as digital biotelemetry and automatic visual field mapping systems, sponge electrode caps for electroencephalograms, and sophisticated respiratory analysis equipment.

Pool, S. L.

1971-01-01

229

Tissue simulating gel for medical research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A tissue simulating gel and a method for preparing the tissue simulating gel are disclosed. The tissue simulating gel is prepared by a process using water, gelatin, ethylene glycol, and a cross-linking agent. In order to closely approximate the characteristics of the type of tissue being simulated, other material has been added to change the electrical, sound conducting, and wave scattering properties of the tissue simulating gel. The result of the entire process is a formulation that will not melt at the elevated temperatures involved in hyperthermia medical research. Furthermore, the tissue simulating gel will not support mold or bacterial growth, is of a sufficient mechanical strength to maintain a desired shape without a supporting shell, and is non-hardening and non-drying. Substances have been injected into the tissue simulating gel prior to the setting-up thereof just as they could be injected into actual tissue, and the tissue simulating gel is translucent so as to permit visual inspection of its interior. A polyurethane spray often used for coating circuit boards can be applied to the surface of the tissue simulating gel to give a texture similar to human skin, making the tissue simulating gel easier to handle and contributing to its longevity.

Companion, John A. (Inventor)

1991-01-01

230

Medical Informatics in Academic Health Science Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of the state of medical informatics, the application of computer and information technology to biomedicine, looks at trends and concerns, including integration of traditionally distinct enterprises (clinical information systems, financial information, scholarly support activities, infrastructures); informatics career choice and…

Frisse, Mark E.

1992-01-01

231

Montana State University 1 Medical Laboratory Science  

E-print Network

of Living Systems 4 BIOH 201 - Hum Anatomy & Physiology I 5 University Core and Electives 2 Year Total Anatomy & Physiology II 4 University Core and Electives 6 BCH 380 - Biochemistry 5 BIOM 360: 37 If student is accepted and attends Sacred Heart Medical Center (Spokane) or Colorado Center

Maxwell, Bruce D.

232

PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT Master of Medical Science  

E-print Network

: ­Internal medicine ­Primary care ­Family medicine ·Subspecialties: ­Surgery ­Pediatrics ­Women's health of the health care continuum, including disease management, health promotion and maintenance, and palliative and therapeutic services. The clinical role of PAs includes primary and specialty care in medical and surgical

Dennett, Daniel

233

PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT Master of Medical Science  

E-print Network

will be prepared to participate in all aspects of the health care continuum, including disease management, health includes primary and specialty care in medical and surgical practices in rural and urban areas. PA practice OPPORTUNITIES ·Traditional practices: ­Internal medicine ­Primary care ­Family medicine ·Subspecialties

Dennett, Daniel

234

Development and Evaluation of the Habitat Demonstration Unit Medical Operations Workstation and Opportunities for Future Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As NASA develops missions to leave Earth orbit and explore distant destinations (Mars, Moon, Asteroids) it is necessary to rethink human spaceflight paradigms in the life sciences. Standards developed for low earth orbit human spaceflight may not be fully applicable and in-space research may be required to develop new standards. Preventative and emergency medical care may require new capabilities never before used in space. Due to spacecraft volume limitations, this work area may also be shared with various animal and plant life science research. This paper explores the prototype Medical Operations Workstation within the NASA Habitat Demonstration Unit and discusses some of the lessons learned from field analogue missions involving the workstation. Keywords: Exploration, medical, health, crew, injury emergency, biology, animal, plant, science, preventative, emergency.

Howard, Robert L., Jr.

2012-01-01

235

Earth science research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The analysis of ground-truth data from the boreal forest plots in the Superior National Forest, Minnesota, was completed. Development of statistical methods was completed for dimension analysis (equations to estimate the biomass of trees from measurements of diameter and height). The dimension-analysis equations were applied to the data obtained from ground-truth plots, to estimate the biomass. Classification and analyses of remote sensing images of the Superior National Forest were done as a test of the technique to determine forest biomass and ecological state by remote sensing. Data was archived on diskette and tape and transferred to UCSB to be used in subsequent research.

Botkin, Daniel B.

1987-01-01

236

The Oral History Program: III. Personal views of health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association.  

PubMed Central

The Medical Library Association Oral History Program uses accepted oral history techniques to collect and preserve interviews with members. The original taped interviews and transcripts are kept in the Medical Library Association archives and made available for research purposes; edited copies of the interviews are distributed through the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, and members are encouraged to borrow and read the histories. Summaries of forty-three interviews provide personal views on health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association. PMID:9803287

McKenzie, D; Pifalo, V

1998-01-01

237

Materials Science Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Microgravity materials processing experiments provide an opportunity to perform scientific research in an environment which allows one to observe various phenomena without the masking effects of gravity-driven convective flows, buoyancy, or contaminating influences of walled containers. Even for the most experienced scientists, it is still difficult to predict beforehand, whether or not microgravity experimentation can be successfully performed in space and achieve solutions to problems which are not attainable in 1 g. Consequently, experimentation in ground based facilities which are capable of simulating, in somewhat lesser time frames and to a lesser degree of microgravity, provides a unique low-cost approach to determine the feasibility of continuing research in a particular experiment. The utilization of these facilities in developing the full requirements for a space experiment does present a very cost-effective approach to microgravity experimentation. The Drop Tube Facility at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) provides an excellent test bed for containerless processing experiments such as described here. These facilities have demonstrated for a number of years the capability to develop insight into space experiments involving containerless processing, rapid solidification, and wetting phenomena through the use of lower-cost ground facilities. Once sufficient data has been obtained, then a space-based experiment can be better defined.

Workman, Gary L.; Rathz, Tom

1995-01-01

238

Nurses' attitudes toward nursing research at a metropolitan medical center  

Microsoft Academic Search

To support the implementation of a nursing research initiative in a large medical center, we collected baseline data on nurses' attitudes toward nursing research, perception of the institution as a research environment, and personal involvement in research activities. This study replicates that conducted by Rizzuto, Bostrom, Suter, and Chenitz [Predictors of nurses' involvement in research activities. Western Journal of Nursing

Meg Smirnoff; Marjorie Ramirez; Linda Kooplimae; Michael Gibney; Mary Dee McEvoy

2007-01-01

239

Computer Science Research in Finland  

E-print Network

Computer Science Research in Finland 2000­2006 Publications of the Academy of Finland 8 in Finland 2000­2006 International Evaluation Publications of the Academy of Finland 8/07 Members) Edita Prima, 2007 Academy of Finland in Brief The Academy's mission is to finance high

Kaski, Samuel

240

BD BIOSCIENCES LIFE SCIENCE RESEARCH  

E-print Network

BD BIOSCIENCES LIFE SCIENCE RESEARCH BD FACSVantage SE Flow Cytometry System The Most Powerful fluorescence detector, third laser excitation spot, and CloneCytTM Plus with faster well-to-well access. We, width, and ratio of detector pulses. Pulse processing can be used to detect doublets in DNA analysis

Knowles, David William

241

Genetic Engineering of Animals for Medical Research: Students' Views.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the results of a survey meant to ascertain the views of 16- to 18-year-old students (n=778) on using animals in medical research. Suggests that students have no greater objection to the use of genetically engineered animals over naturally bred animals in medical research. Contains 16 references. (Author/WRM)

Hill, Ruaraidh; Stanisstreet, Martin; O'Sullivan, Helen; Boyes, Edward

1999-01-01

242

Department of Biological Sciences UNDERGRADUATE INDEPENDENT RESEARCH  

E-print Network

Department of Biological Sciences UNDERGRADUATE INDEPENDENT RESEARCH Student Plan of Study Biol of Study Page | 1 #12;RESEARCH PROPOSAL (Attach separate paper if needed) PROPOSAL TITLE: PROPOSAL TO RESEARCH AREA: PREVIOUS RESEARCH EXPERIENCE: INTERNSHIPS: OTHER: Undergraduate Independent Research Plan

Harms, Kyle E.

243

Viewpoints on Medical Image Processing: From Science to Application  

PubMed Central

Medical image processing provides core innovation for medical imaging. This paper is focused on recent developments from science to applications analyzing the past fifteen years of history of the proceedings of the German annual meeting on medical image processing (BVM). Furthermore, some members of the program committee present their personal points of views: (i) multi-modality for imaging and diagnosis, (ii) analysis of diffusion-weighted imaging, (iii) model-based image analysis, (iv) registration of section images, (v) from images to information in digital endoscopy, and (vi) virtual reality and robotics. Medical imaging and medical image computing is seen as field of rapid development with clear trends to integrated applications in diagnostics, treatment planning and treatment. PMID:24078804

Deserno (né Lehmann), Thomas M.; Handels, Heinz; Maier-Hein (né Fritzsche), Klaus H.; Mersmann, Sven; Palm, Christoph; Tolxdorff, Thomas; Wagenknecht, Gudrun; Wittenberg, Thomas

2013-01-01

244

Undergraduate research experience in computer science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer Science Education is gradually emerging as a valid research focus within the wider computer science community. This paper presents an account of a successful subject that offers senior undergraduates experience of research using Computer Science Education as the focus. The paper is not itself a research paper, but advocates a role for CS Ed as an undergraduate research focus

Tony Greening; Judy Kay

2002-01-01

245

Doing Research in Political Science Political Science 205-02  

E-print Network

1 Doing Research in Political Science Political Science 205-02 Fall 2013 Dr. Jordan M. Ragusa of tools: those used in empirical political analysis. But despite the focus on political science research aware, this class is the second in a sequence required of all political science majors. The first course

Young, Paul Thomas

246

Doing Research in Political Science Political Science 205-03  

E-print Network

1 Doing Research in Political Science Political Science 205-03 Spring 2013 Dr. Jordan M. Ragusa of tools: those used in empirical political analysis. But despite the focus on political science research aware, this class is the second in a sequence required of all political science majors. The first course

Young, Paul Thomas

247

Doing Research in Political Science Political Science 205-01  

E-print Network

1 Doing Research in Political Science Political Science 205-01 Fall 2013 Dr. Jordan M. Ragusa of tools: those used in empirical political analysis. But despite the focus on political science research aware, this class is the second in a sequence required of all political science majors. The first course

Young, Paul Thomas

248

Nuclear Science Research Facilities Nuclear Science User Guide  

E-print Network

LANSCE User Guide Nuclear Science Research Facilities #12;#12;Nuclear Science User Guide Table of Contents Introduction 3 Nuclear Science Research Facilities 3 The LANSCE Accelerator 4 Time structure techniques 8 Nuclear Science User Program 11 Proposal Process 13 Information for Prospective Users 14

249

Computer Science Research at Langley  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A workshop was held at Langley Research Center, November 2-5, 1981, to highlight ongoing computer science research at Langley and to identify additional areas of research based upon the computer user requirements. A panel discussion was held in each of nine application areas, and these are summarized in the proceedings. Slides presented by the invited speakers are also included. A survey of scientific, business, data reduction, and microprocessor computer users helped identify areas of focus for the workshop. Several areas of computer science which are of most concern to the Langley computer users were identified during the workshop discussions. These include graphics, distributed processing, programmer support systems and tools, database management, and numerical methods.

Voigt, S. J. (editor)

1982-01-01

250

Teaching Toxicology as a Basic Medical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 4-year effort at Yale University School of Medicine to teach toxicology as an elective basic science from the standpoint of organ-specific toxic effects is described. The objective of the successful multidisciplinary program is to prepare physicians to understand, recognize, and manage adverse effects from drugs and other environmental…

Gralla, Edward J.

1976-01-01

251

Computer Science at IITComputer Science at IIT Research at the ScalableResearch at the Scalable  

E-print Network

in Computer Science, Bachelor of Science in Computer Information Science, Co-terminal Degree, Dual Degree Master's Degrees Master of Science of Computer Science, Master of Computer Science (Professional MasterComputer Science at IITComputer Science at IIT andand Research at the Scalable

Heller, Barbara

252

Pre-Medical Education in the Physical Sciences for Tomorrow's Physicians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Medical knowledge is being transformed by instrumentation advances and by research results including genomic and population level studies; at the same time, though, the premedical curriculum is constrained by a relatively unchanging overall content in the MCAT examination, which inhibits innovation on undergraduate science education. A committee convened jointly by the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute has examined the science and mathematics competencies that the graduating physician will need, and has asked which of these should be achieved during undergraduate study. The recommendations emphasize competency -- what the learner should be able to ``do'' at the end of the learning experience -- rather than dictating specific courses. Because the scientific content of modern medical practice is evolving, new science competencies are desirable for the entering medical student. An example is statistics, an increasingly prominent foundation for database and genomic analysis but which is not yet uniformly recommended as preparation for medical school. On the other hand, the committee believes that the value of a broad liberal arts education is enduring, and science coursework should not totally consume a premedical student's time. Thus if we recommend new areas of science and mathematics competency for pre-meds, we must find other areas that can be trimmed or combined. Indeed, at present there are some science topics mandated for premedical study, which may not be essential. For these reasons, the committee aims to state premedical recommendations in ways that can be met either through traditional disciplinary courses, or through innovative and/or interdisciplinary courses. Finally, we acknowledge that practice of medicine requires grounding in scientific principles and knowledge and in the practice of critical inquiry. These principles may be learned and practiced in undergraduate study through work in the physical sciences, as well as in biology, and such multidisciplinary training should be encouraged.

Long, Sharon

2009-05-01

253

Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions  

E-print Network

OF CONTENTS Basic Energy Sciences Nanoscience/Nanotechnology Group Basic Energy Sciences Nanoscience/Nanotechnology Group Chair: Douglas H. Lowndes (ORNL) A. Paul#12;#12;Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions ABSTRACT This report

Wu, Zhigang

254

Maria Mayorga, Medical Researcher, 1952-present  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This biography and associated teaching material is part of a book of 20 life sciences modules designed to increase students' exposure both to female science role models and to hands-on, inquiry approach activities, as recommended by the National Science Education Standards. Modules are designed to drop easily into middle and high school life sciences curricula, not to "add on." Each module includes: a brief biography of a female science role model and hands-on, inquiry approach, and/or problem-solving life sciences activities with a multidisciplinary focus. Role models include both contemporary and historical women, women of color, and women with physical disabilities. Each activity is related to the work of the role model. Activity format includes suggestions for teachers, assessment ideas, and handouts for students.

PhD Marsha L Matyas (American Physiological Society Education)

2007-01-01

255

How Does Iranian's Legal System Protect Human Vulnerability and Personal Integrity in Medical Research?  

PubMed Central

The astonishing advance of medical science in recent decades has had endless advantages for humans, including improved level of health, prevention of disease and advances in treatment. These advances depend to a great extent on conducting continuous research. However, besides its enormous advantages, the sole interest of medical science undermines the principles of respect for human vulnerability and personal integrity, in both positive and negative approaches. The positive approach refers to the people who participate in research and practice, while the negative approach refers to people who are deprived of research and practice. The authors of this work, based on legal or moral grounds try to analyse the tension between the principle of respect for human vulnerability and personal integrity and the interest of medical science. Undoubtedly, in applying scientific knowledge and medical practice human vulnerability should be taken into account. In this regard, especially vulnerable individuals and groups should be protected and the personal integrity of such individuals respected. In the light of the merits of Islamic law, this paper is designed to examine the significance of the principles of human vulnerability and personal integrity in medical research by studying the international documents as formalised by UNESCO in order to explore the place of these principles in the Iranian legal system. PMID:23408269

Karoubi, Mohammad Taghi; Akhondi, Mohammad Mehdi

2011-01-01

256

Modifying the Medical Research Council grading system through Rasch analyses  

PubMed Central

The Medical Research Council grading system has served through decades for the evaluation of muscle strength and has been recognized as a cardinal feature of daily neurological, rehabilitation and general medicine examination of patients, despite being respectfully criticized due to the unequal width of its response options. No study has systematically examined, through modern psychometric approach, whether physicians are able to properly use the Medical Research Council grades. The objectives of this study were: (i) to investigate physicians’ ability to discriminate among the Medical Research Council categories in patients with different neuromuscular disorders and with various degrees of weakness through thresholds examination using Rasch analysis as a modern psychometric method; (ii) to examine possible factors influencing physicians’ ability to apply the Medical Research Council categories through differential item function analyses; and (iii) to examine whether the widely used Medical Research Council 12 muscles sum score in patients with Guillain–Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy would meet Rasch model's expectations. A total of 1065 patients were included from nine cohorts with the following diseases: Guillain–Barré syndrome (n?=?480); myotonic dystrophy type-1 (n?=?169); chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (n?=?139); limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (n?=?105); multifocal motor neuropathy (n?=?102); Pompe's disease (n?=?62) and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined related polyneuropathy (n?=?8). Medical Research Council data of 72 muscles were collected. Rasch analyses were performed on Medical Research Council data for each cohort separately and after pooling data at the muscle level to increase category frequencies, and on the Medical Research Council sum score in patients with Guillain–Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Disordered thresholds were demonstrated in 74–79% of the muscles examined, indicating physicians’ inability to discriminate between most Medical Research Council categories. Factors such as physicians’ experience or illness type did not influence these findings. Thresholds were restored after rescoring the Medical Research Council grades from six to four options (0, paralysis; 1, severe weakness; 2, slight weakness; 3, normal strength). The Medical Research Council sum score acceptably fulfilled Rasch model expectations after rescoring the response options and creating subsets to resolve local dependency and item bias on diagnosis. In conclusion, a modified, Rasch-built four response category Medical Research Council grading system is proposed, resolving clinicians’ inability to differentiate among its original response categories and improving clinical applicability. A modified Medical Research Council sum score at the interval level is presented and is recommended for future studies in Guillain–Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. PMID:22189568

Vanhoutte, Els Karla; Faber, Catharina Gerritdina; van Nes, Sonja Ingrid; Jacobs, Bart Casper; van Doorn, Pieter Antoon; van Koningsveld, Rinske; Cornblath, David Reid; van der Kooi, Anneke Jelly; Cats, Elisabeth Aviva; van den Berg, Leonard Hendrik; Notermans, Nicolette Claudia; van der Pol, Willem Lodewijk; Hermans, Mieke Catharina Elisabeth; van der Beek, Nadine Anna Maria Elisabeth; Gorson, Kenneth Craig; Eurelings, Marijke; Engelsman, Jeroen; Boot, Hendrik; Meijer, Ronaldus Jacobus; Lauria, Giuseppe; Tennant, Alan

2012-01-01

257

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus  

E-print Network

. López, V., Bloom, J., Vega, J., Moreno, J., Melatonin Analysis in Dietary Supplements by HPLC using UV Sample by HPLC-UV and GC/MS, I Congreso Internacional de Química Analítica Aplicada, Universidad Norbert of a Generic Ear Drops Complaint Sample by HPLC-UV and GC/MS, FDA Science Forum, Washington, DC, April 2003

Quirk, Gregory J.

258

Research in Science Education: An Interdisciplinary Perspective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The continuing goal of science education research is the generation of pedagogical knowledge that can be used to improve meaningful understanding of science concepts by students. Using present initiatives in science education as a foundation, the authors provide an overview of developments in cognitive science and instructional psychology and associated exemplary research findings and implications that provide researchers and practitioners with an interdisciplinary framework for improving the quality of school science instruction.

Michael R. Vitale

2006-01-01

259

To the point: a primer on medical education research.  

PubMed

This article, from the To the Point series prepared by the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Undergraduate Medical Education Committee, provides educators with an introduction to medical educational research by describing the framework of educational scholarship, discussing the similarities and differences between clinical and educational research, reviewing the key steps in educational research, and providing examples of well-designed studies in the field of obstetrics and gynecology. PMID:22281429

Nuthalapaty, Francis S; Casey, Petra M; Cullimore, Amie J; Dugoff, Lorraine; Abbott, Jodi F; Chuang, Alice W; Dalrymple, John L; Hueppchen, Nancy A; Kaczmarczyk, Joseph M; Katz, Nadine T; Pradhan, Archana; Wolf, Abigail

2012-07-01

260

[Ocean and bio-medical research].  

PubMed

On the Planet Earth, oceans and seas today correspond to the largest volume offered to Life. Roughly, 275,000 species have been described from marine environments, only representing some 15% of all the present known living. But marine biomass can be enormous. Life appeared in the ancestral ocean 3 800 million years ago and determining events occurred there: appearance of the nuclear membrane and cell nucleus, "pluricellularity", capture of bacteria transformed into organelles, then sexuality. On the 33 phyla existing today on the Earth, 12 never have left the ocean and are exclusively marine. Such biodiversity, archaism of characters, organisational and behavioural patterns make these marine organisms an excellent reservoir for identifying and extracting very interesting pharmacological and cosmetic molecules (>5 000 today) and/or to represent very pertinent "models" for basic and applied research. Relationships between ocean and public health are physical, chemical, biological and physiological. A few marine species as "models" set the base for major advances in life sciences recognized by several Nobel Prices: from the discovery of phagocytosis to anaphylactic shock, and including nervous influx transmission, memory molecular bases, cyclins discovery, eye organisation, neurotransmitter membrane receptors, bases of the specific immune system... These marine models are very useful to understand the origin and functioning of important living mechanisms in the human and sometimes to deduce applications for efficient treatments. Ocean supplies mankind with renewable living resources, much threatened today. We have to manage and protect these to maintain ecosystems, stocks and biodiversity. Only because of the greenhouse effect and anthropic emissions, temperature is globally increasing: and, what if (tomorrow?) one million species would disappear (before 2050) because of global warming? PMID:17762819

Boeuf, par Gilles

2007-01-01

261

BBS Program -Division of Medical Sciences DISSERTATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE REPORT  

E-print Network

BBS Program - Division of Medical Sciences DISSERTATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE REPORT THIS FORM "box-check" to defense is 6 mos. Student: Program: BBS Dissertation Advisor: Year G.S.A.S.: ADVISORY at least every 6 months or more frequently. MUST COMPLETE REVERSE SIDE #12;BBS Program - Division

Yellen, Gary

262

Medical School Libraries' Handling of Articles That Report Invalid Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey of 95 medical school libraries found that 91.5 percent of copies of retracted articles were not tagged as being invalid, that 79 percent of the libraries had tagged none of the retracted studies; and only 16 percent had policies for managing articles that report invalid science. A common attitude against perceived library censorship was…

Pfeifer, Mark P.; Snodgrass, Gwendolyn L.

1992-01-01

263

SchoolofMedicalSciences BSc (Hons) Molecular Biology  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Molecular Biology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12;BSc (Hons) Molecular Biology · Introduction · Degree Aims and Outcomes · General Enquiries · General Requirements · Course Requirements Year 1 - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Molecular biology aims to understand

Levi, Ran

264

Self-medication among students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences based on Health Belief Model  

PubMed Central

Background: The prevalence of self-medication is high all over the world, especially in Iran. But there is a paucity of studies to explore self-medication activities among the university students. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to determine the self-medication among student in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, based on Health Belief Model (HBM). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 197 medical students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences who were randomly chosen by a stratified random sampling method in 2009. The data were collected using a validated and reliable questionnaire based on HBM. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software (ver. 16). Descriptive and analytical statistics (independent t-test and test) were used. A two-tailed P value lower than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean and standard deviation of participants’ age was 22.00 ± 2.77 years. 67.3% of the sample consisted of females. The mean scores of knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barrier were 80.36 ± 18.29, 40.92 ± 13.89, 61.48 ± 19.03, 59.11 ± 18.46, and 30.36 ± 12.40, respectively. According to the results, 84.98% of students had experienced self-medication at least for one disease during the past 6 months. Conclusions: The prevalence of self-medication in medical students is high and we can consider it as a health problem. So, we need educational interventions for the students, using HBM constructs.

Pirzadeh, Asiyeh; Mostafavi, Firoozeh

2014-01-01

265

Reference earth orbital research and applications investigations (blue book). Volume 8: Life sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The functional program element for the life sciences facilities to operate aboard manned space stations is presented. The life sciences investigations will consist of the following subjects: (1) medical research, (2) vertebrate research, (3) plant research, (4) cells and tissue research, (5) invertebrate research, (6) life support and protection, and (7) man-system integration. The equipment required to provide the desired functional capability for the research facilities is defined. The goals and objectives of each research facility are described.

1971-01-01

266

Mutations in Soviet public health science: post-Lysenko medical genetics, 1969-1991.  

PubMed

This paper traces the integration of human genetics with Soviet public health science after the Lysenko era. For nearly three decades, USSR biology pursued its own version of anti-bourgeois, Soviet 'creative Darwinism', departing from western, post-WWII scientific developments. After Lysenko was suspended, research niches of immunology, biophysics and mutation research formed the basis of new departments at the Institute of Medical Genetics, which was founded in 1969 as part of the Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences. Focussing on early research activities and collaborations at the institute, I show how the concept of mutagenesis, a pivotal issue during the Cold War, became mobilized from Drosophila genetics to human heredity and to society as a whole. This mode of scaling up and down through population studies shaped not only Soviet human biology and genetics; it also brought about changes in clinical practice and public health as well as in the monitoring and regulation of mutagenic agents in the environment. PMID:24947269

Bauer, Susanne

2014-09-01

267

ALA Guide to Medical & Health Sciences Reference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource provides an annotated list of print and electronic biomedical and health-related reference sources, including Internet resources and digital image collections. Readers will find relevant research, clinical, and consumer health information resources. The emphasis is on resources within the United States, with a few representative…

ALA Editions, 2011

2011-01-01

268

Corporate Disguises in Medical Science: Dodging the Interest Repertoire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Roughly 40% of the sizeable medical research and literature on recently approved drugs is "ghost managed" by the pharmaceutical industry and its agents. Research is performed and articles are written by companies and their agents, though apparently independent academics serve as authors on the publications. Similarly, the industry hires academic…

Sismondo, Sergio

2011-01-01

269

Obstacles facing translational research in academic medical centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last quarter of the 20th century, there has been a boom in biomedical research discov- eries that, for the most part, has not been successfully exploited for improving medical therapy or diagnosis. This lack of success is surprising because there is a broad consensus within academic medical centers (AMCs) that a primary mission is to move scientific discoveries

JORDAN S. POBER; CRYSTAL S. NEUHAUSER; JEREMY M. POBER

2001-01-01

270

Research on Children: Medical Imperatives, Ethical Quandaries, and Legal Constraints.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains the proceedings of a multidisciplinary workshop convened to explore issues relating to the conduct of medical research on children. In the keynote address, John Holt discusses the right of children to informed consent. The main body of presentations is organized into three categories of concerns: medical imperatives, ethical…

van Eys, Jan, Ed.

271

Teaching Medical Students Basic Neurotransmitter Pharmacology Using Primary Research Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching pharmacology to medical students has long been seen as a challenge, and one to which a number of innovative approaches have been taken. In this article, we describe and evaluate the use of primary research articles in teaching second-year medical students both in terms of the information learned and the use of the papers themselves. We…

Halliday, Amy C.; Devonshire, Ian M.; Greenfield, Susan A.; Dommett, Eleanor J.

2010-01-01

272

IBM Research: Computer Science and Software Services  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

IBM's Almaden Research Center is located in the Silicon Valley and conducts research in the areas of: Computer science software, computer science storage systems, science and technology, services research and WebFountain. The different websites review the research programs and provide some background information. For example, the Computer Science Software & Services department provides an overview of the theory behind its work, describing various algorithms, models, and resources used. The Science and Technology Center provides overviews of several disciplines, including Nanoscale Sciences, Exploratory Technology, and Quantum Information.

273

School of Science Masters Research Scholarships 2013 SCHOOL OF SCIENCE MASTERS RESEARCH SCHOLARSHIPS  

E-print Network

School of Science Masters Research Scholarships 2013 SCHOOL OF SCIENCE MASTERS RESEARCH SCHOLARSHIPS BACKGROUND The Faculty of Science & Engineering will offer 10 School of Science Masters Research Scholarships in specific, predetermined areas of research. Each Scholarship is worth $5,000. Applicants should

Waikato, University of

274

Nuclear Medical Science Officers: Army Health Physicists Serving and Defending Their Country Around the Globe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tracing their distinguished history back to the Manhattan Project that developed the world's first atomic bomb, the Nuclear Medical Science Officers are the Army's experts on radiation and its health effects. Serving around the globe, these commissioned Army officers serve as military health physicists that ensure the protection of Soldiers and those they defend against all sources of radiation, military and civilian. This poster will highlight the various roles and responsibilities that Nuclear Medical Science Officers fill in defense of the Nation. Areas where these officers serve include medical health physics, deployment health physics, homeland defense, emergency response, radiation dosimetry, radiation research and training, along with support to the Army's corporate radiation safety program and international collaborations. The poster will also share some of the unique military sources of radiation such as depleted uranium, which is used as an anti-armor munition and in armor plating because of its unique metallurgic properties. )

Melanson, Mark; Bosley, William; Santiago, Jodi; Hamilton, Daniel

2010-02-01

275

Interior, looking corridor connecting 511 to 515 into Medical Research ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior, looking corridor connecting 511 to 515 into Medical Research Library in 516. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Central Service Building, North of Building No. 511, East of corridor connecting Building 511 to Building 515, Aurora, Adams County, CO

276

Then & Now: Medical Research Pays Off for All Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Issues Then & Now Medical Research Pays Off for All Americans Past Issues / Fall 2007 Table of Contents ... which afflict tens of millions of Americans of all ages. William Howard Taft—Then & Now Taft's Condition ...

277

Medical Education: A Particularly Complex Intervention to Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous debate has explored whether medical education research should become more like health services research in terms of frameworks, collaborations and methodologies. Notable recent changes in health services research include an increasing emphasis on complex interventions, defined as interventions that involve more than one component. The…

Mattick, Karen; Barnes, Rebecca; Dieppe, Paul

2013-01-01

278

Tavakol M. Training medical teachers in using qualitative research methods. Training Medical Teachers in Using Qualitative Research Methods  

E-print Network

Studies addressing medical education have rarely used qualitative research methods to contribute knowledge about the phenomenon under investigation. There are two possible reasons for this. First, in the past, the qualitative works were rejected due to a lack of objective evidence, considered to be “unscientific ” and “anecdotal. ” Second, medical educators have failed to communicate the methods, canons and utilization of qualitative inquiry approaches to professional colleagues or undergraduate medical students. 2,3 It seems that the latter point is most pertinent here. In Iran, there are few studies which are grounded in qualitative research methods, and doctors tend to scrutinize quantitative research designs in order to glean empirical data, which is rooted in objective reality. This may be attributed to the fact that medical schools in Iran equip doctors with the skills to analyze epidemiologic studies. Based upon such arguments, Tehran Medical Education Development Centre with

Mohsen Tavakol Phd

279

Human Research Program Exploration Medical Capability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA s Human Research Program (HRP) conducts and coordinates research projects that provide human health and performance countermeasures, knowledge, technologies, and tools to enable safe, reliable, and productive human space exploration. The Program is divided into 6 major elements, which a) Provide the Program s knowledge and capabilities to conduct research, addressing the human health and performance risks. b) Advance the readiness levels of technology and countermeasures to the point of transfer to the customer programs and organizations. The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) is a partner with the HRP in developing a successful research program. 3

Barsten, Kristina

2010-01-01

280

MIRASS: medical informatics research activity support system using information mashup network.  

PubMed

The advancement of information technology has facilitated the automation and feasibility of online information sharing. The second generation of the World Wide Web (Web 2.0) enables the collaboration and sharing of online information through Web-serving applications. Data mashup, which is considered a Web 2.0 platform, plays an important role in information and communication technology applications. However, few ideas have been transformed into education and research domains, particularly in medical informatics. The creation of a friendly environment for medical informatics research requires the removal of certain obstacles in terms of search time, resource credibility, and search result accuracy. This paper considers three glitches that researchers encounter in medical informatics research; these glitches include the quality of papers obtained from scientific search engines (particularly, Web of Science and Science Direct), the quality of articles from the indices of these search engines, and the customizability and flexibility of these search engines. A customizable search engine for trusted resources of medical informatics was developed and implemented through data mashup. Results show that the proposed search engine improves the usability of scientific search engines for medical informatics. Pipe search engine was found to be more efficient than other engines. PMID:24700079

Kiah, M L M; Zaidan, B B; Zaidan, A A; Nabi, Mohamed; Ibraheem, Rabiu

2014-04-01

281

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree)  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science ­ Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree) ­ Bachelor of Radiologic Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-FRAS] Regional College Catalog Year: 2012 Sectional Anatomy in Medical Imaging 3 C #12;Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science ­ Diagnostic Medical

Sheridan, Scott

282

Remote Sensing Information Science Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is the final report summarizing research conducted by the Remote Sensing Research Unit, Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara under National Aeronautics and Space Administration Research Grant NAG5-10457. This document describes work performed during the period of 1 March 2001 thorough 30 September 2002. This report includes a survey of research proposed and performed within RSRU and the UCSB Geography Department during the past 25 years. A broad suite of RSRU research conducted under NAG5-10457 is also described under themes of Applied Research Activities and Information Science Research. This research includes: 1. NASA ESA Research Grant Performance Metrics Reporting. 2. Global Data Set Thematic Accuracy Analysis. 3. ISCGM/Global Map Project Support. 4. Cooperative International Activities. 5. User Model Study of Global Environmental Data Sets. 6. Global Spatial Data Infrastructure. 7. CIESIN Collaboration. 8. On the Value of Coordinating Landsat Operations. 10. The California Marine Protected Areas Database: Compilation and Accuracy Issues. 11. Assessing Landslide Hazard Over a 130-Year Period for La Conchita, California Remote Sensing and Spatial Metrics for Applied Urban Area Analysis, including: (1) IKONOS Data Processing for Urban Analysis. (2) Image Segmentation and Object Oriented Classification. (3) Spectral Properties of Urban Materials. (4) Spatial Scale in Urban Mapping. (5) Variable Scale Spatial and Temporal Urban Growth Signatures. (6) Interpretation and Verification of SLEUTH Modeling Results. (7) Spatial Land Cover Pattern Analysis for Representing Urban Land Use and Socioeconomic Structures. 12. Colorado River Flood Plain Remote Sensing Study Support. 13. African Rainfall Modeling and Assessment. 14. Remote Sensing and GIS Integration.

Clarke, Keith C.; Scepan, Joseph; Hemphill, Jeffrey; Herold, Martin; Husak, Gregory; Kline, Karen; Knight, Kevin

2002-01-01

283

76 FR 71045 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...Evaluation and Research (HFM-17...scientific and medical literature...

2011-11-16

284

77 FR 41431 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request: Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education at the Clinical...The Impact of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education at the Clinical...the Office of Clinical Research Training and Medical Education (OCRTME)...

2012-07-13

285

[Discursive thought and intuition in medical research].  

PubMed

The history of diabetes and the progress of the sciences demonstrates that original creative investigation requires in addition to logic thinking intuition which originates from the unconscious. The concept of intuition is of great importance in philosophy, religion and psychology. Luck and serendipity have similar meaning as the concepts of kairos, tyche and techne of the Greek. PMID:7228732

Labhart, A

1981-02-01

286

Quality of publication ethics in the instructions to the authors of Iranian journals of medical sciences.  

PubMed

Providing a perfect instruction to authors can prevent most potential publication ethics errors. This study was conducted to determine the quality of ethical considerations in the instructions to the authors of Iranian research scientific journals of medical sciences (accredited by the Commission for Accreditation and Improvement of Iranian Medical Journals) in October 2011. Checklist items (n=15) were extracted from the national manual of ethics in medical research publications, and the validity of the manual of ethics was assessed. All the accredited Iranian journals of medical sciences (n=198) were entered into the study. The instructions to the authors of 160 accredited Iranian journals were available online and were reviewed. The ANOVA and Kendall Correlation coefficient were performed to analyze the results. A total of 76 (47.5%) of the 160 journals were in English and 84 (52.5%) were in Farsi. The most frequently mentioned items related to publication ethics comprised "commitment not to send manuscripts to other journals and re-publish manuscripts" (85%, 83.8%), "aim and scope" of the journal (81.9%), "principles of medical ethics in the use of human samples" (74.4%), and "review process" (74.4%). On the other hand, the items of "principles of advertising" (1.2%), "authorship criteria" (15%), and "integrity in publication of clinical trial results" (30.6%) were the least frequently mentioned ones. Based on the study findings, the quality of publication ethics, as instructed to the authors, can improve the quality of the journals. PMID:23645959

Salamat, Fatemeh; Sobhani, Abdol-Rasoul; Mallaei, Mahin

2013-03-01

287

Global Forensic Science Collaboration: Standards and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a presentation (Lucas 2011) by the author at a session organized by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) at the International Association of Forensic Sciences Meeting in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, on September 16, 2011. The title of the session was “Global Research: The Forensic Science Edge.” The “global” nature of AAFS, forensic science, and

Douglas M. Lucas

2011-01-01

288

Restructuring Planetary Science's Research & Analysis Program  

E-print Network

Restructuring Planetary Science's Research & Analysis Program James Green NASA, Planetary Science: An Integrated Strategy for the Planetary Sciences 2010: Community R&A survey 2010 2012: Planetary Workforce R&A program by the Planetary Sciences Subcommittee (PSS) as a Response to the NRC report ­ Ron

Rathbun, Julie A.

289

How "Scientific" Is Science Education Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research articles published in the "Journal of Research in Science Teaching" in 1965, 1975, 1985, 1995, and in 2005 were surveyed to discover the extent to which they were theory driven. Carey and Smith's theory of the development of science epistemologies was used to frame the study. Specifically their theory posits that science

Lawson, Anton E.

2010-01-01

290

STED microscopy: increased resolution for medical research?  

PubMed

Optical imaging is crucial for addressing fundamental problems in all areas of life science. With the use of confocal and two-photon fluorescence microscopy, complex dynamic structures and functions in a plethora of tissue and cell types have been visualized. However, the resolution of 'classical' optical imaging methods is poor due to the diffraction limit and does not allow resolution of the cellular microcosmos. On the other hand, the novel stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy technique, because of its targeted on/off-switching of fluorescence, is not hampered by a diffraction-limited resolution barrier. STED microscopy can therefore provide much sharper images, permitting nanoscale visualization by sequential imaging of individual-labelled biomolecules, which should allow previous findings to be reinvestigated and provide novel information. The aim of this review is to highlight promising developments in and applications of STED microscopy and their impact on unresolved issues in biomedical science. PMID:24980774

Blom, H; Brismar, H

2014-12-01

291

Mathematical Sciences Scientific Computing Research Environments (SCREMS)  

E-print Network

Mathematical Sciences Scientific Computing Research Environments (SCREMS) Project Summary Description 1. Overview, and Abstracts of Individual Research Projects Continuing advances in computer in research in computational mathematics, notably geometry (GANG1 ) and applied mathematics. In recent years

Sottile, Frank

292

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science  

E-print Network

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science FY 2007 Accomplishment Interactive computing facilities to provide remote visualization capabilities to teams of scientific researchers of high network latency and relatively low network bandwidth. This research project has produced a novel

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

293

Prevention Science 513 Research Methods in Prevention Science  

E-print Network

#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12; Prevention Science 513 Research Methods in Prevention Science Fall with a theoretical and practical foundation for understanding research methods, especially as they pertain This course is designed to: 1) Increase students' understanding of basic principles of research methods

Collins, Gary S.

294

Consent and Research Governance in Biobanks: Evidence from Focus Groups with Medical Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much is known about patient attitudes to ethical and legal questions in the context of biobanking, particularly regarding privacy protection and consent. However, little is known about the attitudes of medical researchers who use biobanks for research to these issues. Four focus groups with medical researchers in the UK were conducted in 2010–2011. The study highlights a range of issues

E. A. Whitley; N. Kanellopoulou; J. Kaye

2012-01-01

295

APPENDIX C. PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM C.1 PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM OVERVIEW  

E-print Network

C.1-1 APPENDIX C. PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM C.1 PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM OVERVIEW 1. Introduction The Planetary Science Research Program supports investigations of all classes Planetary Science Division space flight missions must use publicly available data released through

Rathbun, Julie A.

296

JAMA Patient Page: Supporting Medical Research  

MedlinePLUS

... conducted, the sponsor must obtain approval from an ethics review committee . Such committees are usually composed of ... of participants are protected. In the United States, ethics review committees for biomedical research are under Food ...

297

Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute  

Cancer.gov

Founded in 1976 as the La Jolla Cancer Research Foundation, the Cancer Center first received its NCI-designation in 1981. The Center conducts paradigm-shifting, collaborative multidisciplinary basic research into the causes, prevention, and treatment of cancer, leading to new therapies that overcome cancer as a cause of human suffering and disease. Additionally, the Center is committed to educating and training the next generation of cancer scientists.

298

The role of social networking sites in medical genetics research.  

PubMed

Social networking sites (SNS) have potential value in the field of medical genetics as a means of research subject recruitment and source of data. This article examines the current role of SNS in medical genetics research and potential applications for these sites in future studies. Facebook is the primary SNS considered, given the prevalence of its use in the United States and role in a small but growing number of studies. To date, utilization of SNS in medical genetics research has been primarily limited to three studies that recruited subjects from populations of Facebook users [McGuire et al. (2009); Am J Bioeth 9: 3-10; Janvier et al. (2012); Pediatrics 130: 293-298; Leighton et al. (2012); Public Health Genomics 15: 11-21]. These studies and a number of other medical and public health studies that have used Facebook as a context for recruiting research subjects are discussed. Approaches for Facebook-based subject recruitment are identified, including paid Facebook advertising, snowball sampling, targeted searching and posting. The use of these methods in medical genetics research has the potential to facilitate cost-effective research on both large, heterogeneous populations and small, hard-to-access sub-populations. PMID:23554131

Reaves, Allison Cook; Bianchi, Diana W

2013-05-01

299

Optimize Use of Space Research and Technology for Medical Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

systems, and cutting-edge component technologies to conduct a wide range of scientific observations and measurements. These technologies are also considered for practical applications that benefit society in remarkable ways. At NASA Goddard, the technology transfer initiative promotes matching technologies from Earth and space science needs to targeted industry sectors. This requires clear knowledge of industry needs and priorities and social demands. The process entails matching mature technologies where there are known innovation challenges and good opportunities for matching technology needs. This requires creative thinking and takes commitment of time and resources. Additionally, we also look at applications for known hot industry or societal needs. Doing so has given us occasion to host discussions with representatives from industry, academia, government organizations, and societal special interest groups about the application of NASA Goddard technologies for devices used in medical monitoring and detection tools. As a result, partnerships have been established. Innovation transpired when new products were enabled because of NASA Goddard research and technology programs.

Minnifield, Nona K.

2012-01-01

300

Impact factor of Korean Journal of Pediatrics on Korean Medical Citation Index and Science Citation Index of Web of Science  

PubMed Central

Purpose The total number of times a paper is cited, also known as the impact factor (IF) of a medical journal, is widely implied in evaluating the quality of a research paper. We evaluated the citation index data as an IF of Korean J Pediatr in Korean Medical Citation Index (KoMCI) and JCI of Web of Science. Methods We calculated the IF of Korean J Pediatr at KoMCI supervised by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. And we estimated the IF of Korean J Pediatr by the JCI of Web of Science although it was never officially reported. Results The IF of Korean J Pediatr on KoMCI has increased from 0.100 in the year 2000, to 0.205 in 2008, and 0.326 in 2009. Although the IF of Korean J Pediatr was 0.006 in 2005, 0.018 in 2006, 0.028 in 2008, 0.066 in 2009, and 0.018 in 2010 according to the JCI of Web of Science, the number of citations are steadily increasing. Conclusion Understanding and realizing the current status will be a stepping stone for further improvement. The next objective of the Korean J Pediatr is to become registered in the SCI or SCIE. Increasing the IF according to the JCI of Web of Science is crucial in order to achieve this goal. PMID:21738548

Choi, Sun Hee; Han, Man Yong; Rha, Yeong Ho; Lee, Young Jin

2011-01-01

301

An overview of ethnography in healthcare and medical education research.  

PubMed

Research in healthcare settings and medical education has relied heavily on quantitative methods. However, there are research questions within these academic domains that may be more adequately addressed by qualitative inquiry. While there are many qualitative approaches, ethnography is one method that allows the researcher to take advantage of relative immersion in order to obtain thick description. The purpose of this article is to introduce ethnography, to describe how ethnographic methods may be utilized, to provide an overview of ethnography's use in healthcare and medical education, and to summarize some key limitations with the method. PMID:21637319

Goodson, Leigh; Vassar, Matt

2011-01-01

302

An overview of ethnography in healthcare and medical education research  

PubMed Central

Research in healthcare settings and medical education has relied heavily on quantitative methods. However, there are research questions within these academic domains that may be more adequately addressed by qualitative inquiry. While there are many qualitative approaches, ethnography is one method that allows the researcher to take advantage of relative immersion in order to obtain thick description. The purpose of this article is to introduce ethnography, to describe how ethnographic methods may be utilized, to provide an overview of ethnography's use in healthcare and medical education, and to summarize some key limitations with the method. PMID:21637319

Vassar, Matt

2011-01-01

303

Content Analysis of Research in Undergraduate Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of 773 journal articles on undergraduate medical education found curriculum, teaching, and student assessment most frequently discussed, with 45% reporting research activities. Research studies were generally conducted in a naturalistic environment; were evaluative or comparative; used observation, testing, or questionnaires for data…

Dimitroff, Alexandra; Davis, Wayne K.

1996-01-01

304

FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research  

E-print Network

FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Website: www and 5 awards annually ­ Range of study in women's health, defined broadly; 1 award may be specific to CV completing 3rd year- some flexibility · Funding for 6 months of mentored, intensive women's health research

Bushman, Frederic

305

The effective management of medical isotope production in research reactors  

SciTech Connect

During the 50-yr history of the use of radioisotopes for medical applications, research reactors have played a pivotal role in the production of many if not most of the key products. The marriage between research reactors and production operations is subject to significant challenges on two fronts. The medical applications of the radioisotope products impose some unique constraints and requirements on the production process. In addition, the mandates and priorities of a research reactor are not always congruent with the demands of a production environment. This paper briefly reviews the historical development of medical isotope production, identifies the unique challenges facing this endeavor, and discusses the management of the relationship between the isotope producer and the research reactor operator. Finally, the key elements of a successful relationship are identified.

Drummond, D.T. (Nordion International, Incorporated, Kanata, Ontario (Canada))

1993-01-01

306

Use of administrative medical databases in population-based research.  

PubMed

Administrative medical databases are massive repositories of data collected in healthcare for various purposes. Such databases are maintained in hospitals, health maintenance organisations and health insurance organisations. Administrative databases may contain medical claims for reimbursement, records of health services, medical procedures, prescriptions, and diagnoses information. It is clear that such systems may provide a valuable variety of clinical and demographic information as well as an on-going process of data collection. In general, information gathering in these databases does not initially presume and is not planned for research purposes. Nonetheless, administrative databases may be used as a robust research tool. In this article, we address the subject of public health research that employs administrative data. We discuss the biases and the limitations of such research, as well as other important epidemiological and biostatistical key points specific to administrative database studies. PMID:24248997

Gavrielov-Yusim, Natalie; Friger, Michael

2014-03-01

307

Medical student perceptions of a behavioural and social science curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background In 2006, Oregon Health & Science University began implementing changes to better integrate mental health and social science into the curriculum by addressing the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) 2004 recommendation for the inclusion of six behavioural and social science (BSS) domains: health policy and economics, patient behaviour, physician–patient interaction, mind–body interactions, physician role and behaviour, and social and cultural issues. Methods We conducted three focus groups with a purposive sample of 23 fourth-year medical students who were exposed to 4 years of the new curriculum. Students were asked to reflect upon the adequacy of their BSS training specifically as it related to the six IOM domains. The 90-minute focus groups were recorded, transcribed and analysed. Results Students felt the MS1 and MS2 years of the curriculum presented a strong didactic orientation to behavioural and social science precepts. However, they reported that these principles were not well integrated into clinical care during the second two years. Students identified three opportunities to further the inclusion of BSS in their clinical training: presentation of BSS concepts prior to relevant clinical exposure, consistent BSS skills mentoring in the clinical setting, and improving cultural congruence between aspects of BSS and biomedicine. Conclusions Students exposed to the revised BSS curriculum tend to value its principles; however, modelling and practical training in the application of these principles during the second two years of medical school are needed to reinforce this learning and demonstrate methods of integrating BSS principles into practice. PMID:23205062

2011-01-01

308

Physical sciences research plans for the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied research will use a combination of ISS-based facilities, ground-based activities, and other experimental platforms to address issues impacting fundamental knowledge, industrial and medical applications on Earth, and the technology required for human space exploration. The current flight investigation research plan shows a large number of principal investigators selected to use the remaining planned research facilities. c2003 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Trinh, E. H.

2003-01-01

309

Meta-analysis in medical research.  

PubMed

The objectives of this paper are to provide an introduction to meta-analysis and to discuss the rationale for this type of research and other general considerations. Methods used to produce a rigorous meta-analysis are highlighted and some aspects of presentation and interpretation of meta-analysis are discussed.Meta-analysis is a quantitative, formal, epidemiological study design used to systematically assess previous research studies to derive conclusions about that body of research. Outcomes from a meta-analysis may include a more precise estimate of the effect of treatment or risk factor for disease, or other outcomes, than any individual study contributing to the pooled analysis. The examination of variability or heterogeneity in study results is also a critical outcome. The benefits of meta-analysis include a consolidated and quantitative review of a large, and often complex, sometimes apparently conflicting, body of literature. The specification of the outcome and hypotheses that are tested is critical to the conduct of meta-analyses, as is a sensitive literature search. A failure to identify the majority of existing studies can lead to erroneous conclusions; however, there are methods of examining data to identify the potential for studies to be missing; for example, by the use of funnel plots. Rigorously conducted meta-analyses are useful tools in evidence-based medicine. The need to integrate findings from many studies ensures that meta-analytic research is desirable and the large body of research now generated makes the conduct of this research feasible. PMID:21487488

Haidich, A B

2010-12-01

310

National Research Council NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES  

E-print Network

v National Research Council m NUCLEAR SCIENCE SERIES The ~Radiochemistry of Aluminum and Gallium I The Radiochemistry of Aluminum and Gallium JOHN E. LEWIS Aluminum Company of America Alcoa Research Laboratom ....--_'------ .-- Subcommittee on Radiochemistry National Academy of Sciences--National Research Council PrintedinUSA,Price$0

311

Teaching Primary Science: How Research Helps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The very first edition of "Primary Science Review" included an article entitled "Teaching primary science--how research can help" (Harlen, 1986), which announced that a section of the journal would be for reports of research and particularly for teachers reporting their classroom research. The intervening 24 years have seen momentous change in…

Harlen, Wynne

2010-01-01

312

Advancing Research on Undergraduate Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue of "Journal of Research in Science Teaching" reflects conclusions and recommendations in the "Discipline-Based Education Research" (DBER) report and makes a substantial contribution to advancing the field. Research on undergraduate science learning is currently a loose affiliation of related fields. The…

Singer, Susan Rundell

2013-01-01

313

Research of Medication Use during Pregnancy  

MedlinePLUS

... to treat seizures. It is also considered for treatment of sleep and eating disorders, migraines, other mental health disorders, and weight loss. Researchers found that use of topiramate during the first trimester of pregnancy ... When making treatment decisions just before or during pregnancy, it is ...

314

Alzheimer's Disease: Research Advances and Medical Reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alzheimer's disease was the eighth-leading cause of death in 2001. There is no cure and no effective treatment. Alzheimer's disease presents policy- makers with several challenges, including the level of funding and direction of fed- erally funded research, as well as the cost pressures on Medicare and Medicaid of long-term care. These challenges will increase in intensity as demographic changes,

Erica Seiguer; Mary Mahon

2005-01-01

315

78 FR 16679 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Medical Policy Council; Request for Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Drug Evaluation and Research Medical Policy Council; Request...considered by the CDER Medical Policy Council (Council...Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER). These comments...identify and address medical policy issues that...

2013-03-18

316

21 CFR 801.125 - Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 801...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING...Use § 801.125 Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and...

2010-04-01

317

76 FR 59407 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Biologics Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and Information...report of scientific and medical literature and information...Biologics Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...

2011-09-26

318

USGS Alaska Science Center, Biological Science Office: Research Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information about the research programs of the USGS Alaska Science Center - Biological Science Office (ASC-BSO). The programs are divided into several categories including Ecosystems & Habitats, Mammals, Technical Programs, Fish and Fisheries, and Birds. Links connect to research information about numerous program subcategories like Coastal and Marine, Sea Otters, Loons, Fisheries Projects, and more. The site also links to background information about the ASC-BSO, job listings, staff contact information, and the Alaska Science Center Publications Database.

2006-01-11

319

USGS Alaska Science Center, Biological Science Office: Research Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information about the research programs of the USGS Alaska Science Center - Biological Science Office (ASC-BSO). The programs are divided into several categories including Ecosystems & Habitats, Mammals, Technical Programs, Fish and Fisheries, and Birds. Links connect to research information about numerous program subcategories like Coastal and Marine, Sea Otters, Loons, Fisheries Projects, and more. The site also links to background information about the ASC-BSO, job listings, staff contact information, and the Alaska Science Center Publications Database.

320

Forensic medical evaluations of child maltreatment: a proposed research agenda.  

PubMed

Physicians play an important role in the forensic evaluation of suspected child abuse and neglect. There has been considerable progress in the medical field, helping distinguish findings related to maltreatment from other conditions or circumstances. Nevertheless, important questions remain. This article covers several of these questions and proposes a research agenda concerning five main topics: sexual abuse, neglect, fractures, abusive head trauma, and physicians work in interdisciplinary settings. The suggestions are hardly inclusive, but offer suggestions the authors think are priorities, and ones that research could reasonably address. By providing some background to gaps in our knowledge, this paper should be of interest to a broader audience than just medical professionals. PMID:25224781

Dubowitz, Howard; Christian, Cindy W; Hymel, Kent; Kellogg, Nancy D

2014-11-01

321

Recruiting Underserved Mothers to Medical Research: Findings from North Carolina  

PubMed Central

Representative samples are required for ethical, valid, and useful health research. Yet, recruiting participants, especially from historically underserved communities, can be challenging. This paper presents findings from in-depth interviews with 40 mothers about factors that might influence their willingness to participate or allow their children to participate in medical research. Saliency analysis organizes the findings. Frequent and important salient themes about research participation included concerns that it might cause participants harm, hope that participants might gain a health benefit, and recognition that time and transportation resources could limit participation. Ultimately, we propose that a theoretical model, such as the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), will facilitate more systematic evaluation of effective methods for recruitment and retention of participants in medical research. Future research should explore the utility of such a model for development of effective recruitment and retention strategies. PMID:24185171

Spears, Chaya R.; Sandberg, Joanne C.; O’Neill, Jenna L.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Howard, Timothy D.; Feldman, Steven R.; Arcury, Thomas A.

2014-01-01

322

Research facility access & science education  

SciTech Connect

As Congress voted to terminate the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Laboratory in October of 1993, the Department of Energy was encouraged to maximize the benefits to the nation of approximately $2 billion which had already been expended to date on its evolution. Having been recruited to Texas from other intellectually challenging enclaves around the world, many regional scientists, especially physicists, of course, also began to look for viable ways to preserve some of the potentially short-lived gains made by Texas higher education in anticipation of {open_quotes}the SSC era.{close_quotes} In fact, by November, 1993, approximately 150 physicists and engineers from thirteen Texas universities and the SSC itself, had gathered on the SMU campus to discuss possible re-uses of the SSC assets. Participants at that meeting drew up a petition addressed to the state and federal governments requesting the creation of a joint Texas Facility for Science Education and Research. The idea was to create a facility, open to universities and industry alike, which would preserve the research and development infrastructure and continue the educational mission of the SSC.

Rosen, S.P. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States); Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Physics Dept.

1994-10-01

323

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funds research and training in the UK in engineering and the physical sciences. Viewing public engagement as important for stimulating interest in research, inspiring future generations of researchers and, "helping the research base evolve in tune with the changing needs of a more informed society," the EPSRC also promotes public awareness of science and engineering, providing a good deal of resources and links online. Research reports and briefs from some of the collaborating institutions' work on a wide range of research projects in engineering, the physical sciences and mathematics are all available in the Publications section. Other sections describe activities for young people and teachers, and research opportunities for graduate students.

324

From the Office of Medical Education Research and Development (OMERAD). . . . . New Places, New Opportunities, New Ideas in Medical Education Series  

E-print Network

From the Office of Medical Education Research and Development (OMERAD). . . . . New Places, New contact the Office of Medical Education Research and Development at 568-2140 or email omerad Opportunities, New Ideas in Medical Education Series A Webcast Audio Seminar Series available through

325

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science  

E-print Network

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science FY 2006 Accomplishment High Performance collections of scientific data. In recent years, much of the work in computer and computational science has problem. It is generally accepted that as sciences move into the tera- and peta-scale regimes that one

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

326

Research on Library Science in Poland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The controversy regarding library science as a separate branch of science in Poland is reviewed. In People's Poland, work in the field of library science has adopted the features of collective research. This is due to the unprecedented increase in the number of libraries, book collections and readers as well as changes in the methods of examining…

Kolodziejska, Jadwiga

327

Doing Research in Political Science Spring 2013  

E-print Network

1 POLI 205 Doing Research in Political Science Spring 2013 Monday/Wednesday/Friday 12 This course is the second in a six credit hour sequence that is required of all Political Science majors and throughout the discipline of political science. The course is intended to help you develop the habits of mind

Young, Paul Thomas

328

Science Selections. Accounts of Ongoing Scientific Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is intended to present science teachers with an opportunity to communicate to students the idea that science is an ongoing and never-ending process. The booklet contains supplemental materials, valuable as enrichment materials. A selection of ongoing research in the biological sciences, physics and astronomy, oceanography,…

Kornberg, Warren, Ed.

329

Quality assurance in military medical research and medical radiation accident management.  

PubMed

The provision of quality radiation-related medical diagnostic and therapeutic treatments cannot occur without the presence of robust quality assurance and standardization programs. Medical laboratory services are essential in patient treatment and must be able to meet the needs of all patients and the clinical personnel responsible for the medical care of these patients. Clinical personnel involved in patient care must embody the quality assurance process in daily work to ensure program sustainability. In conformance with the German Federal Government's concept for modern departmental research, the international standard ISO 9001, one of the relevant standards of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), is applied in quality assurance in military medical research. By its holistic approach, this internationally accepted standard provides an excellent basis for establishing a modern quality management system in line with international standards. Furthermore, this standard can serve as a sound basis for the further development of an already established quality management system when additional standards shall apply, as for instance in reference laboratories or medical laboratories. Besides quality assurance, a military medical facility must manage additional risk events in the context of early recognition/detection of health risks of military personnel on deployment in order to be able to take appropriate preventive and protective measures; for instance, with medical radiation accident management. The international standard ISO 31000:2009 can serve as a guideline for establishing risk management. Clear organizational structures and defined work processes are required when individual laboratory units seek accreditation according to specific laboratory standards. Furthermore, international efforts to develop health laboratory standards must be reinforced that support sustainable quality assurance, as in the exchange and comparison of test results within the scope of external quality assurance, but also in the exchange of special diagnosis data among international research networks. In summary, the acknowledged standard for a quality management system to ensure quality assurance is the very generic standard ISO 9001.Health Phys. 103(2):221-225; 2012. PMID:22951484

Hotz, Mark E; Meineke, Viktor

2012-08-01

330

[Modern theoretico-cognitive problems of medical science].  

PubMed

The paper presents the opinion that the medical science supported by theoretical generalizations is directed to mastering its scientific cognition, which will enable medicine to reach theoretical levels. In theoretical pathology, it is essential, as the first step, to define the concept of a disease in terms of dialectical materialism, to develop the concept of human disease, to apply the principles of dialectical determinism in a step-by-step fashion, to be critical in using reductionism and related scientific substantiation of strategies to solve health problems. PMID:2662948

Hecht, A

1989-01-01

331

Avicenna's contribution to the development and progress of medical sciences.  

PubMed

Avicenna was born in the village of Belkh near Bukhara in Persia. He was a very famous philosopher, wiseman and an efficient physician. He wrote more than one hundred books on all aspects and sciences known in his time i.e. philosophy, wisdom, religion, mathematics, sophism, literature, poetry and medicine. In medicine, the most celebrated of them is "Al-Qanun fil Tibb", which surpassed other similar books on medicine and considered the biggest medical encyclopaedia of his time. Those orientalists who believe in Greek medicine consider this book as the only textbook on the art of curing and recovery. PMID:11609026

El-Gammal, S Y

1994-01-01

332

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences Striving towards Visibility  

PubMed Central

The Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences has in its 25 years “Silver Jubilee” achieved another milestone of being visible to the biomedical community when it was accepted in PubMed. The journal aim to increase its readership so as to increase impact in the biomedical field amongst its Asian readers despite having a high rejection rate. This was done to maintain quality of the manuscripts published over the years. PubMed listing should enable more manuscripts to be cited as its the leading biomedical journal for the Asian community. PMID:24043990

GHAZLI, Nur Farahin; ABDULLAH, Jafri Malin

2013-01-01

333

Information-seeking behavior of cardiovascular disease patients in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences hospitals  

PubMed Central

Background: Patients, as one of the most prominent groups requiring health-based information, encounter numerous problems in order to obtain these pieces of information and apply them. The aim of this study was to determine the information-seeking behavior of cardiovascular patients who were hospitalized in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences hospitals. Materials and Methods: This is a survey research. The population consisted of all patients with cardiovascular disease who were hospitalized in the hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences during 2012. According to the statistics, the number of patients was 6000. The sample size was determined based on the formula of Cochran; 400 patients were randomly selected. Data were collected by researcher-made questionnaire. Two-level descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were used for analysis. Results: The data showed that the awareness of the probability to recover and finding appropriate medical care centers were the most significant informational needs. The practitioners, television, and radio were used more than the other informational resources. Lack of familiarity to medical terminologies and unaccountability of medical staff were the major obstacles faced by the patients to obtain information. The results also showed that there was no significant relationship between the patients’ gender and information-seeking behavior, whereas there was a significant relationship between the demographic features (age, education, place of residence) and information-seeking behavior. Conclusion: Giving information about health to the patients can help them to control their disease. Appropriate methods and ways should be used based on patients’ willingness. Despite the variety of information resources, patients expressed medical staff as the best source for getting health information. Information-seeking behavior of the patients was found to be influenced by different demographic and environmental factors. PMID:25250349

Zamani, Maryam; Soleymani, Mohammad Reza; Afshar, Mina; Shahrzadi, Leila; Zadeh, Akbar Hasan

2014-01-01

334

The ICPSR and Social Science Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), a unit within the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, is the world's largest social science data archive. The data sets in the ICPRS database give the social sciences librarian/subject specialist an opportunity of providing value-added bibliographic…

Johnson, Wendell G.

2008-01-01

335

Utah Science, Technology, and Research (USTAR)  

E-print Network

Utah Science, Technology, and Research (USTAR) Economic Development Initiative Executive Summary October 2005 w w w . u s t a r e d i . o r g #12;Utah Science, Technology, and Research (USTAR) Executive Summary October 2005 Table of Contents Executive Summary Appendix A. Total USTAR Economic Impact on Utah

Tipple, Brett

336

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features recent research in science teaching and learning. It presents three current articles of interest in life sciences education, as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. For articles listed as "Abstract available," full text may be…

Allen, Deborah

2012-01-01

337

The reception and implementation of ethical guidelines of the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences in medical and nursing practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Questions under study: We conducted a survey among Swiss health care professionals on the reception and implementation of a number of selected ethical guidelines of the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences (SAMS). The following guidelines were chosen for evaluation: \\

Eliane Pfister; Nikola Biller-Andorno

338

2010 Computer Science | 55 Computer Science Research  

E-print Network

include multimedia imaging, computer vision, image and video analysis, information measurement and coding.citr.auckland.ac.nz/ Intelligent Systems and Informatics (ISI) Intelligent Systems and Informatics (ISI) research group focuses evolution and computationally intensive statistical inference methods such as Markov chain Monte Carlo. www.cs.auckland.ac.nz/research/groups/isi

Goodman, James R.

339

Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since 1969, the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), a private, nonprofit corporation, has worked closely with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to advance space science and technology and to promote education in those areas. USRA's Division of Space Life Sciences (DSLS) has been NASA's life sciences research partner for the past 18 years. For the last six years, our Cooperative Agreement NCC9-41 for the 'Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program' has stimulated and assisted life sciences research and education at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) - both at the Center and in collaboration with outside academic institutions. To accomplish our objectives, the DSLS has facilitated extramural research, developed and managed educational programs, recruited and employed visiting and staff scientists, and managed scientific meetings.

Coats, Alfred C.

2001-01-01

340

The Unified Medical Language System : An Informatics Research Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) assembled a large multidisciplinary, multisite team to work on the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), a collaborative research project aimed at reducing fundamental barriers to the application of computers to medicine. Beyond its tangible products, the UMLS Knowledge Sources, and its influence on the field of informatics, the UMLS project is an

Betsy L Humphreys; Donald A B Lindberg; Harold M Schoolman; G Octo Barnett

1998-01-01

341

http://mcr.sagepub.com/ Medical Care Research and  

E-print Network

http://mcr.sagepub.com/ Review Medical Care Research and http://mcr.sagepub.com/content/67/5_suppl and information for http://mcr.sagepub.com/cgi/alertsEmail Alerts: http://mcr://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.navPermissions: http://mcr.sagepub.com/content/67/5_suppl/231S.refs.htmlCitations: at CALIFORNIA DIGITAL LIBRARY

Hayes, Gillian R.

342

TUTORIAL IN BIOSTATISTICS Kappa coecients in medical research  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Kappa coecients are measures of correlation between categorical variables often used as reliability or validity coecients. We recapitulate development and denitions of the K (categories) by M (ratings) kappas (K × M ), discuss what they are well- or ill-designed to do, and summarize where kappas now stand with regard to their application in medical research. The 2 ×

Helena Chmura Kraemer; Vyjeyanthi S. Periyakoil; Art Noda

2004-01-01

343

Medical Image Processing, Analysis & Visualization in Clinical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Imaging has become an essential component in many fields of medical and laboratory research and clinical practice. Biologists study cells and generate 3D confocal microscopy data sets; virologists generate 3D reconstructions of viruses from micrographs; radiologists identify and quantify tumors from MRI and CT scans; and neuroscientists detect regional metabolic brain activity from PET and functional MRI scans. Analysis of

Matthew J. Mcauliffe; Francois M. Lalonde; Delia Mcgarry; William Gandler; Karl Csaky; Benes L. Trus

2001-01-01

344

Medical Settings as a Context for Research on Cognitive Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical contexts provide a rich opportunity to study important theoretical questions in cognitive development and to investigate the influence of a range of interacting factors relating to the child, the experience, and the broader social context on children's cognition. In the context of examples of research investigating these issues, we…

Salmon, Karen; Brown, Deirdre A.

2013-01-01

345

Library and Information Science Practitioners and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for research in the field of library and information science and describes results of questionnaires sent to library association members that investigated how many practitioners read at least one research journal, how many read research-based articles, how many apply research results to professional practices, and how many…

Powell, Ronald R.; Baker, Lynda M.; Mika, Joseph J.

2002-01-01

346

Strategic Research Directions In Microgravity Materials Science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) is moving aggressively to align programs, projects, and products with the vision for space exploration. Research in advanced materials is a critical element in meeting exploration goals. Research in low gravity materials science in OBPR is being focused on top priority needs in support of exploration: 1) Space Radiation Shielding; 2) In Situ Resource Utilization; 3) In Situ Fabrication and Repair; 4) Materials Science for Spacecraft and Propulsion Systems; 5) Materials Science for Advanced Life Support Systems. Roles and responsibilities in low gravity materials research for exploration between OBPR and the Office of Exploration Systems are evolving.

Clinton, Raymond G., Jr.; Wargo, Michael J.; Marzwell, Neville L.; Sanders, Gerald; Schlagheck, Ron; Semmes, Ed; Bassler, Julie; Cook, Beth

2004-01-01

347

Information and its role in medical and pharmaceutical science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a record of the lecture at the Lecturer Meeting for Scientific and Technical Information, which was held as one of the events of Science and Technology Week in 1989. Lecturer explains how the scientific information takes part in research and how researchers make use of it, based on his own experience. He states that the information is especially important in R & D and creative research, by showing the case of studies in the chironomidmidges as an example. Referring to the researches being conducted outside of large cities, he states that online service have eliminated the regional differences in obtaining scientific information and gave researchers much more time for carring out their own research works. Finally, he expects that floppy disk will become popular as one of the information media in the future.

Sassa, Manabu

348

The charisma and deception of reparative therapies: when medical science beds religion.  

PubMed

In this article, I examine the history and resurgence of interest in sexual reorientation or reparative therapies. I begin with a critique of the contemporary "ex-gay" movement, interrogating Exodus as the prototype of a politico-religious transformational ministry that works to "cure" homosexuals, and examine how Exodus utilizes ex-gay testimony to deceive harried homosexuals looking for escape from the effects of internalized and cultural homophobia. Next, I investigate how reparative therapies function as orthodox treatments that charismatically meld conservative religious perspectives with medical science to produce a pseudoscience promising to treat homosexuality effectively. In this regard, I assess the ongoing debate regarding gay-affirming versus reparative therapies by first looking at the history of medicalizing homosexuality and then surveying the debate spurred by Robert L. Spitzer's research. I conclude with a consideration of research needed to measure whether efficacious change in sexual orientation is possible. PMID:19064479

Grace, André P

2008-01-01

349

Emotional intelligence and related factors in medical sciences students of an Iranian university  

PubMed Central

Background: Emotional intelligence has evolved lot of interest in a variety of fields. The aim of this study was to determine the emotional intelligence and its related factors among junior medical sciences students. Materials and Methods: The research design was a descriptive — analytic analysis. Based on a census sampling method, the emotional intelligence of 322 junior medical sciences students was evaluated using the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory. This study was done from 2008 to 2009 in the Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Results: The findings showed that 48.1% and 22.4% of students had effective functioning and enhanced skills in emotional intelligence, respectively, while 29.5% of them needed some interventions in order to enhance the emotional intelligence. The study revealed that the students required intervention in every composite of emotional intelligence. In addition, emotional intelligence was correlated with gender, psychiatric history of the student and his/her family, experience of stressful life events, interest in the field of study, grade of study, and marital status. Conclusions: The results of the present study have shown that the students need some interventions to improve their emotional intelligence. PMID:24834092

Lolaty, Hamideh Azimi; Tirgari, Abdolhakim; Fard, Jabbar Heydari

2014-01-01

350

MEDICAL STUDENT RESEARCH FORUM AND POSTER DAY KECK SCHOOL OF MEDICINE  

E-print Network

MEDICAL STUDENT RESEARCH FORUM AND POSTER DAY KECK SCHOOL OF MEDICINE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA The 2011 Medical Student Research Forum and Poster Day is an annual event which allows USC Medical and Robert Decker, Ph.D., Director of Medical Student Research Training, for their support and participation

Zhang, Li I.

351

Visualization analysis of research hotspots based on CiteSpace II: taking medical devices as an example  

PubMed Central

Biomedical engineering has been one of the hottest fields in biology and engineering. As an important branch, the medical device has achieved significant progress in the past decades. As a useful method in evaluative bibliometrics, mapping knowledge has been used to explore the trend of one field. In the present study, we retrieve literatures about the medical device from the Web of Science™ (2004–2013), and acquire 26,793 related records, then analyze time range, region distribution, and main research directions of the literatures, and try to use keywords combined with mapping knowledge to explore the main trends of the medical device, and then aim to provide more information for medical device research. Through the study, we discover: 1) the publications regarding medical devices show an upward trend over the past decade in general; 2) the percentage of publications in the USA (38.49%) is the highest all over the world; 3) engineering (20.64%) is the hottest research direction, and takes up about one-fifth of the total publications; 4) the Journal of the American Medical Association and The New England Journal of Medicine are among the two journals that are the most highly cited, followed by Science and The Lancet; and 5) keywords of the medical device include in vitro, quality-of-life, outcomes, management, mortality, depression, and so on. With the help of mapping knowledge, we dig out some hot topics of medical devices and provide more information through trend analysis, and we discover that our findings are related to previous research and further research can enlarge the number of records and optimize the algorithm. We provide a systematic approach for researchers to keep abreast of the development and state of the research of medical devices. PMID:25368536

Liu, Dong-Dong; Liu, Sheng-Lin; Zhang, Jia-Hua

2014-01-01

352

Division of Biological and Medical Research annual research summary, 1983  

SciTech Connect

This research summary contains brief descriptions of research in the following areas: (1) mechanisms of hepatocarcinogenesis; (2) role of metals in cocarcinogenesis and the use of liposomes for metal mobilization; (3) control of mutagenesis and cell differentiation in cultured cells by tumor promoters; (4) radiation effects in mammalian cells; (5) radiation carcinogenesis and radioprotectors; (6) life shortening, tumor induction, and tissue dose for fission-neutron and gamma-ray irradiations; (7) mammalian genetics and biostatistics; (8) radiation toxicity studies; (9) hematopoiesis in chronic toxicity; (10) molecular biology studies; (11) chemical toxicology; (12) carcinogen identification and metabolism; (13) metal metabolism and toxicity; and (14) neurobehavioral chronobiology. (ACR)

Barr, S.H. (ed.)

1984-08-01

353

The (human) science of medical virtual learning environments  

PubMed Central

The uptake of virtual simulation technologies in both military and civilian surgical contexts has been both slow and patchy. The failure of the virtual reality community in the 1990s and early 2000s to deliver affordable and accessible training systems stems not only from an obsessive quest to develop the ‘ultimate’ in so-called ‘immersive’ hardware solutions, from head-mounted displays to large-scale projection theatres, but also from a comprehensive lack of attention to the needs of the end users. While many still perceive the science of simulation to be defined by technological advances, such as computing power, specialized graphics hardware, advanced interactive controllers, displays and so on, the true science underpinning simulation—the science that helps to guarantee the transfer of skills from the simulated to the real—is that of human factors, a well-established discipline that focuses on the abilities and limitations of the end user when designing interactive systems, as opposed to the more commercially explicit components of technology. Based on three surgical simulation case studies, the importance of a human factors approach to the design of appropriate simulation content and interactive hardware for medical simulation is illustrated. The studies demonstrate that it is unnecessary to pursue real-world fidelity in all instances in order to achieve psychological fidelity—the degree to which the simulated tasks reproduce and foster knowledge, skills and behaviours that can be reliably transferred to real-world training applications. PMID:21149363

Stone, Robert J.

2011-01-01

354

76 FR 48169 - Advancing Regulatory Science for Highly Multiplexed Microbiology/Medical Countermeasure Devices...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Drug Administration [Docket No. FDA-2011-N-0557] Advancing Regulatory Science for Highly Multiplexed Microbiology/ Medical...Administration (FDA) is announcing the following public meeting: ``Advancing Regulatory Science for Highly Multiplexed...

2011-08-08

355

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences-Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology)  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences- Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) Bachelor of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-HATS] Regional in radiologic technology; successfully completed the certification exam for the American Registry of Radiologic

Sheridan, Scott

356

Medical relevance of UK-funded non-human primate research published from January 1997 to July 2012  

PubMed Central

In 2012, the Bateson Review of research using non-human primates (NHPs) recommended the commissioning of a working group to identify and follow-up the results of UK-funded NHP research of potential benefit for human health (Recommendation 4), but the Medical Research Council (MRC) has postponed implementation of the recommendation. Information on results and potential benefits of NHP research therefore remains unavailable. To fill this gap in knowledge, this study identified all published NHP research studies funded by the MRC, Wellcome Trust and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) from January 1997 to July 2012 and assessed full texts for medical relevance. In total, 284 papers were identified, of which 51 (18%) involved invasive NHP research, compared to 176 (61%) which used NHP tissue and cell lines, indicating a shift in research emphasis from invasive whole animal to cell-based research. Of these studies, 98 (35%) were medically relevant, of which 22 had potential therapeutic or public health applications. The relatively low proportion of medical studies together with the small number of applied studies raises questions over the level of investment in medical research and the effectiveness of knowledge transfer from basic to applied research. Implementation of the Bateson Review’s Recommendation 4 would address these questions. PMID:24739383

2014-01-01

357

The Arabian Gulf University College of Medicine and Medical Sciences: a successful model of a multinational medical school.  

PubMed

In the late 1970s, leaders of the Arabian [corrected] Gulf countries proposed a novel idea of a joint educational and cultural venture: establishing a new regional university based in the Kingdom of Bahrain that would be managed as a multinational consortium of Gulf countries including Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and Bahrain. It was intended to promote higher education and research in the Gulf region; to serve the development needs of the region; to reflect the unique economic, social, and cultural attributes of the Gulf communities and their environments; and to respond to the health care needs of the member countries. Since its inception in 1982, the College of Medicine and Medical Sciences (CMMS) at Arabian Gulf University (AGU) has adopted the educational philosophy of problem-based learning (PBL) and self-directed, student-centered education. The curriculum is integrated, with early introduction of education to foster clinical skills and professional competencies. The strategic alliance with the health care systems in Bahrain and other Gulf regions has created a successful model of efficient and effective initialization of health care resources in the community. The experience that has accumulated at the AGU-CMMS from introducing innovative medical education has allowed it to take a leadership position in medical education in the Gulf region. The original goals of this unique experiment have been realized along with unanticipated outcomes of spearheading changes in medical education in the Gulf region. Old and new medical schools have adopted several characteristics of the AGU educational program. Several elements contributed to its success: a clear vision of providing quality medical education and realizing and sustaining this vision by a supportive leadership at the university and college levels; an alliance with the regional health care systems; a dedicated faculty who have been able to work as a team while continually developing themselves; proper student selection and the creation of a culture of student/faculty partnerships in education and in building an international reputation and credibility by cooperating with reputable international universities and organizations. PMID:17122475

Hamdy, Hossam; Anderson, M Brownell

2006-12-01

358

NIH Researchers Link Chromosome Region to Gigantism  

MedlinePLUS

... Health NIH Research Matters NIH Record Research & Training Medical Research Initiatives Science Highlights Science Education Research in NIH ... National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is ...

359

FACULTY RESEARCH GUIDE Computer Science Department  

E-print Network

1 FACULTY RESEARCH GUIDE 2012-13 Computer Science Department Carnegie Mellon University ©2011 are programming languages, parallel computing, and algorithms. In my research, I aim to raise the level Carnegie Mellon University #12;2 FOREWORD This file presents the current research interests of the faculty

Andrews, Peter B.

360

Validity and Reliability in Social Science Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the author aims to provide novice researchers with an understanding of the general problem of validity in social science research and to acquaint them with approaches to developing strong support for the validity of their research. She provides insight into these two important concepts, namely (1) validity; and (2) reliability, and…

Drost, Ellen A.

2011-01-01

361

INCREASING UNDERGRADUATE INVOLVEMENT IN COMPUTER SCIENCE RESEARCH  

E-print Network

INCREASING UNDERGRADUATE INVOLVEMENT IN COMPUTER SCIENCE RESEARCH Collberg, C., Debray, S this situation via a model that aims to get undergraduates exposed to, interested in, and involved with research and seniors. These courses have the effect of engaging talented undergraduates in research early

Kobourov, Stephen G.

362

Emergency Medical Services System Research Project Abstracts, 1979. NCHSR Research Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstracts are presented that describe research grants related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS) System's techniques, methods, devices, and delivery; the research effort was supported by the National Center for Health Services Research during fiscal year 1979. Two sections included in the document describe projects funded under section 1205 of…

National Center for Health Services Research (DHEW/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

363

Emergency Medical Services Systems Research Projects, 1977. NCHSR Research Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of thirty-two research projects supported by the National Center for Health Services Research (NCHSR) under authority of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems Act. (Focus of these research projects is to describe, explain, and predict the performance of more than 200 EMS systems being established under Title…

National Center for Health Services Research (DHEW/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

364

Teaching medical students basic neurotransmitter pharmacology using primary research resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching pharmacology to medical students has long been seen as a challenge, and one to which a number of innovative approaches have been taken. In this article, we describe and evaluate the use of primary research articles in teaching second-year medical students both in terms of the information learned and the use of the papers themselves. We designed a seminar where small groups of students worked on different neurotransmitters before contributing information to a plenary session. Student feedback suggested that when the information was largely novel, students learned considerably more. Crucially, this improvement in knowledge was seen even when they had not directly studied a particular transmitter in their work groups, suggesting a shared learning experience. Moreover, the majority of students reported that using primary research papers was easy and useful, with over half stating that they would use them in future study.

2010-10-01

365

Sri Lanka in global medical research: a scientific analysis of the Sri Lankan research output during 2000-2009  

PubMed Central

Background Scientific research is an essential component in guiding improvements in health systems. There are no studies examining the Sri Lankan medical research output at international level. The present study evaluated the Sri Lankan research performance in medicine as reflected by the research publications output between years 2000-2009. Methods This study was based on Sri Lankan medical research publication data, retrieved from the SciVerse Scopus® from January 2000 to December 2009. The process of article selection was as follows: Affiliation - 'Sri Lanka' or 'Ceylon', Publication year - 'January 2000 to December 2009' and Subject area - 'Life and Health Sciences'. The articles identified were classified according to disease, medical speciality, institutions, major international collaborators, authors and journals. Results Sri Lanka's cumulative medical publications output between years 2000-2009 was 1,740 articles published in 160 different journals. The average annual publication growth rate was 9.1%. Majority of the articles were published in 'International' (n = 950, 54.6%) journals. Most articles were descriptive studies (n = 611, 35.1%), letters (n-345, 19.8%) and case reports (n = 311, 17.9%). The articles were authored by 148 different Sri Lankan authors from 146 different institutions. The three most prolific local institutions were Universities of; Colombo (n = 547), Kelaniya (n = 246) and Peradeniya (n = 222). Eighty four countries were found to have published collaborative papers with Sri Lankan authors during the last decade. UK was the largest collaborating partner (n = 263, 15.1%). Malaria (n = 75), Diabetes Mellitus (n = 55), Dengue (n = 53), Accidental injuries (n = 42) and Lymphatic filariasis (n = 40) were the major diseases studied. The 1,740 publications were cited 9,708 times, with an average citation of 5.6 per paper. The most cited paper had 203 citations, while there were 597 publications with no citations. The Sri Lankan authors' contribution to the global medical research output during the last decade was only 0.086%. Conclusion The Sri Lankan medical research output during the last decade is only a small fraction of the global research output. There it is a necessity to setup an enabling environment for research, with a proper vision, support, funds and training. In addition, collaborations across the region need to be strengthened to face common regional health challenges. PMID:22364509

2012-01-01

366

In search of the soul in science: medical ethics' appropriation of philosophy of science in the 1970s.  

PubMed

This paper examines the deployment of science studies within the field of medical ethics. For a short time, the discourse of medical ethics became a fertile ground for a dialogue between philosophically minded bioethicists and the philosophers of science who responded to Thomas Kuhn's challenge. In their discussion of the validity of Kuhn's work, these bioethicists suggested a distinct interpretation of Kuhn, emphasizing the elements in his account that had been independently developed by Michael Polanyi, and propelling a view of science that retreated from idealizations of scientific method without sacrificing philosophical realism. Appropriating Polanyi, they extended his account of science to biology and medicine. The contribution of Karl Popper to the debate on the applicability of philosophy of science to the issues of medical ethics provides the opportunity to discuss the ways in which political agendas of different epistemologies of science intertwined with questions of concern to medical ethics. PMID:19835265

Aronova, Elena

2009-01-01

367

SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA  

E-print Network

SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA George F R Ellis A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT for the Royal Society of South Africa February 14, 2001 #12;i Preface This science policy discussion document has been written by Prof G F R Ellis (University of Cape Town) on behalf of the Royal Society of South Africa

Blake, Edwin

368

Science Directions: AUVs in Ocean Research and  

E-print Network

Science Directions: AUVs in Ocean Research and Monitoring Gwyn Griffiths Southampton Oceanography studies Sensors Biomimetic influences #12;Present use: AUVs in Ocean Science Vehicles include: UK rate, releasing algae trapped in the ice. #12;Ocean Monitoring AUV attributes Directed track (cf

Griffiths, Gwyn

369

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature is designed to point "CBE-Life Sciences Education" readers to current articles of interest in life sciences education, as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. This themed issue focuses on recent studies of concepts and…

Allen, Deborah

2013-01-01

370

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is designed to point "CBE-Life Sciences Education" readers to current articles of interest in life sciences education as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. For articles listed as "Abstract available," full text may be…

Allen, Deborah

2013-01-01

371

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature is designed to point "CBE - Life Sciences Education" readers to current articles of interest in life sciences education as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. For articles listed as "Abstract available," full text may…

Allen, Deborah

2014-01-01

372

The "Science of HRD Research": Reshaping HRD Research through Scientometrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We explore opportunities for assessing and advancing Human Resource Development (HRD) research through an integrative literature review of scientometric theories and methods. Known as the "science of science," scientometrics is concerned with the quantitative study of scholarly communications, disciplinary structure and assessment and measurement…

Wang, Greg G.; Gilley, Jerry W.; Sun, Judy Y.

2012-01-01

373

Approaches of researches in medical geography in Poland and Ukraine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper deals with the historical review of medical geography in the world, in Poland and in Ukraine. There are different approaches in medical geography: according to the research subject (ecological and economic approaches) and according to the current affairs of research (approach concerns sexuality, the age of the population and accordingly, accessibility of health care services to the population). To the author's mind, the most perspective approaches in medical geography in Poland and Ukraine are as follows: - integrative - dedicated to the health status of the population in connection with the quality and life level; - mathematical-statistical - connected with the problem of synthetic indexes of health status of the populations and factors influencing it, and with the problem of economic value of health and life of the population; - social-economic - the analysis of the influence of socioeconomic factors (such as wealth measure, rate of unemployment, work conditions and others) on public health; - ecological - connected with the researches dedicated to the analysis of environmental impact on public health status of the population; - demographical - the analysis of demographical factors of forming public health status; - social-psychological - health culture of the population, perception of the own health/morbidity and health care systems existing in different countries.

Pantylej, Wiktoria

2008-01-01

374

ESRC: Research Guide to the Social Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) of the United Kingdom have funded this newly posted Research Guide to the Social Sciences. This directory provides annotated links to sites sorted by subject matter, including Bibliographic, reference and research information; Publications Online; Subject gateways; Data services; Datasets; Data Visualization; Software services and support for data processing; Images, moving pictures and sound; and Learning and Teaching Support Services. Annotations include a description of the site, the URL, and the terms of access. By no means exhaustive, the Guide instead focuses on those main Web sources students or researchers in social sciences will find most useful.

375

Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions  

SciTech Connect

This report describes important future research directions in nanoscale science, engineering and technology. It was prepared in connection with an anticipated national research initiative on nanotechnology for the twenty-first century. The research directions described are not expected to be inclusive but illustrate the wide range of research opportunities and challenges that could be undertaken through the national laboratories and their major national scientific user facilities with the support of universities and industry.

Lowndes, D. H.; Alivisatos, A. P.; Alper, M.; Averback, R. S.; Jacob Barhen, J.; Eastman, J. A.; Imre, D.; Lowndes, D. H.; McNulty, I.; Michalske, T. A.; Ho, K-M; Nozik, A. J.; Russell, T. P.; Valentin, R. A.; Welch, D. O.; Barhen, J.; Agnew, S. R.; Bellon, P.; Blair, J.; Boatner, L. A.; Braiman, Y.; Budai, J. D.; Crabtree, G. W.; Feldman, L. C.; Flynn, C. P.; Geohegan, D. B.; George, E. P.; Greenbaum, E.; Grigoropoulos, C.; Haynes, T. E.; Heberlein, J.; Hichman, J.; Holland, O. W.; Honda, S.; Horton, J. A.; Hu, M. Z.-C.; Jesson, D. E.; Joy, D. C.; Krauss, A.; Kwok, W.-K.; Larson, B. C.; Larson, D. J.; Likharev, K.; Liu, C. T.; Majumdar, A.; Maziasz, P. J.; Meldrum, A.; Miller, J. C.; Modine, F. A.; Pennycook, S. J.; Pharr, G. M.; Phillpot, S.; Price, D. L.; Protopopescu, V.; Poker, D. B.; Pui, D.; Ramsey, J. M.; Rao, N.; Reichl, L.; Roberto, J.; Saboungi, M-L; Simpson, M.; Strieffer, S.; Thundat, T.; Wambsganss, M.; Wendleken, J.; White, C. W.; Wilemski, G.; Withrow, S. P.; Wolf, D.; Zhu, J. H.; Zuhr, R. A.; Zunger, A.; Lowe, S.

1999-01-01

376

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree)  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science ­ Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree) ­ Bachelor of Radiologic Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-FRAS] Regional College Catalog Year: 2013 Education I 2 C RIS 34083 Sectional Anatomy in Medical Imaging 3 C #12;Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging

Sheridan, Scott

377

Life-sciences research opportunities in commercial suborbital space flight  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commercial suborbital space flights will reach altitudes above 100 km, with 3-5 min of weightlessness bracketed by high-g launch and landing phases. The proposed frequency of these flights, and the large passenger population, present interesting opportunities for researchers in the life sciences. The characteristics of suborbital flight are between those of parabolic and orbital flights, opening up new scientific possibilities and easing the burden for obtaining access to 0g. There are several areas where these flights might be used for research in the life sciences: (1) operational research: preparation for “real” space flight, such as rehearsal of medical procedures, (2) applied research-to answer questions relevant to long-term space flight; (3) passenger health and safety-effects on passengers, relevant to screening and training; (4) basic research in physiological mechanisms-to address issues of fundamental science. We describe possible projects in each of these categories. One in particular spans several areas. Based on the anticipated suborbital flight profiles, observations from parabolic flight, and the wide range of fitness and experience levels of suborbital passengers, sensorimotor disturbances such as motion sickness and disorientation are major concerns. Protocols for pre-flight adaptation of sensorimotor responses might help to alleviate some of these problems, based on results from research in the initial flights. This would improve the passenger experience and add to the knowledge base relevant to space flight more generally.

Shelhamer, Mark

2014-11-01

378

Summer Research Training for Medical Students: Impact on Research Self-Efficacy  

PubMed Central

There is a well documented shortage of physician researchers, and numerous training programs have been launched to facilitate development of new physician scientists. Short-term research training programs are the most practical form of research exposure for most medical students, and the summer between their first and second years of medical school is generally the longest period they can devote solely to research. The goal of short-term training programs is to whet the students’ appetite for research and spark their interest in the field. Relatively little research has been done to test the effectiveness of short-term research training programs. In an effort to examine short-term effects of three different NIH-funded summer research training programs for medical students, we assessed the trainees’ (N=75) research self-efficacy prior to and after the programs using an 11-item scale. These hands-on training programs combined experiential, didactic, and mentoring elements. The students demonstrated a significant increase in their self-efficacy for research. Trainees’ gender, ranking of their school, type of research, and specific content of research project did not predict improvement. Effect sizes for different types of items on the scale varied, with the largest gain seen in research methodology and communication of study findings. PMID:24330695

Black, Michelle; Curran, Maureen; Golshan, Shahrokh; Daly, Rebecca; Depp, Colin; Kelly, Carolyn; Jeste, Dilip V.

2013-01-01

379

Graduate School of Social Sciences WINTER SCHOOL COURSES in MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY  

E-print Network

Graduate School of Social Sciences WINTER SCHOOL COURSES in MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY January 7 ­ January 15, 2013 The Medical Anthropology and Sociology winter school courses takes place of the Master's programme in Medical Anthropology and Sociology offered by the Graduate School of Social

van Rooij, Robert

380

IFLA General Conference, 1986. Special Libraries Division. Section: Biological and Medical Sciences Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers on biological and medical sciences libraries were presented at the 1986 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference. "Activities and Services of Medical Libraries in Japan--Past, Present, and Future" (Kazuo Urata and Toshinobu Suga, Japan) discusses the inauguration of the Japan Medical Library Association…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

381

Clinical Research Fellowship in Joint Reconstruction at Rush University Medical Center -Orthogate Written by Rush Joints Research Fellowship  

E-print Network

Clinical Research Fellowship in Joint Reconstruction at Rush University Medical Center - Orthogate 2013 Dr. Craig Della Valle invites 3rd year medical students to apply for a Clinical Research with Rush orthopaedic residents and faculty. This research position is unique in that the medical student

Bushman, Frederic

382

Assessment of Self-Medication Practices Among Medical, Pharmacy, and Health Science Students in Gondar University, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

The study was aimed at assessing the magnitude and factors of self-medication among medical, pharmacy, and health science students of GCMHS (Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences). A cross-sectional study with two-month illness recall was conducted. A Questionnaire consisting of demographic questions and questions on illnesses in the last two months prior to the interview and treatment strategies was prepared and administered to the 414 students, selected as the sample population, from the GCMHS students. Of a total of 414 students, 213 (51.5%) reported at least one episode of an illness, and 82 (38.5%) of them practiced self-medication. Most drugs for self-medication were obtained from the pharmacy or drug shops; and the most commonly used drugs were Paracetamol and NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Common reported illnesses were fever and headache (24.8%) followed by cough and common cold (23.9%). Prior experience and the non-seriousness of the illness were the top two reported factors for self-medication. Reading materials were the top reported source of information. In conclusion, self-medication was practiced with a range of drugs from the conventional anti-pains to antibiotics. Although the practice of self-medication is inevitable; drug authorities and health professionals need to educate students about the pros and cons of self-medication. PMID:21042491

Abay, S M; Amelo, W

2010-01-01

383

Action research to promote medical students' motivation in an English for Specific Purposes class.  

PubMed

Action research is an attempt to seek immediate solutions to the problems experienced in educational settings. In this type of research, teachers are the researchers who intend to make instant reforms to develop, and improve their teaching styles and reflect on pedagogical practices. The purpose of this study was to conduct an action research to tackle the problem of students' low motivation in English classes at the medical school of Iran University of Medical Sciences in fall 2010. Participants of this study were 98 third-semester ESP students of medicine. To reform the situation and promote students' motivation to participate in classes more actively and eagerly, the researchers changed the syllabus by applying Kemmis and McTaggart's (1988) cyclical model of action research, and adopting task-based teaching. Data was collected by means of interviews with both teachers and students to determine the changes to be made in the syllabus, classroom observations to monitor students' behavioral changes, and a questionnaire to assess students' attitudes towards the changes. This research study had a number of valuable outcomes the most important of which was a change in classroom behavior of the students. PMID:25130157

Dehnad, Afsaneh; Nasser, Hayedeh

2014-01-01

384

Center for Science & Technology Policy Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Science and Technology Policy Research (CSTPR) was created in 2001 and their goal is "to improve how science and technology policies address societal needs, through research, education and service." Part of this goal is accomplished via their well-designed site, which features policy papers, news updates, and highlights from recent conferences and seminars sponsored under their direction. Visitors can click on the "CSTPR Multimedia Gallery", found on the left hand side of the homepage, to view presentations such as "Environmental Human Rights" and "Loving Science to Death: Problems at the Intersection of Science and Policy". Moving on, visitors shouldn't miss their newsletter, "Ogmius". Each edition contains highlights of recent research, news about Center events, and policy commentary. Scholars won't want to miss the "Publications" area, which features information about recently published books by Center affiliates and listings of their work in professional journals.

385

10 CFR 50.21 - Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. 50.21 Section...Licenses § 50.21 Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. A...

2011-01-01

386

10 CFR 50.21 - Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. 50.21 Section...Licenses § 50.21 Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. A...

2013-01-01

387

10 CFR 50.21 - Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities.  

...2014-01-01 false Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. 50.21 Section...Licenses § 50.21 Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. A...

2014-01-01

388

10 CFR 50.21 - Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. 50.21 Section...Licenses § 50.21 Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. A...

2012-01-01

389

10 CFR 50.21 - Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. 50.21 Section...Licenses § 50.21 Class 104 licenses; for medical therapy and research and development facilities. A...

2010-01-01

390

Remote Science Operation Center research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Progress in the following areas is discussed: the design, planning and operation of a remote science payload operations control center; design and planning of a data link via satellite; and the design and prototyping of an advanced workstation environment for multi-media (3-D computer aided design/computer aided engineering, voice, video, text) communications and operations.

Banks, P. M.

1986-01-01

391

|reportinglifesciencesresearch Reporting Life Sciences Research  

E-print Network

For Life Sciences Articles that this information is reported. Reporting Experimental Design Sample size the experiments what sample size is needed to ensure statistical power of detection. If no sample size calculation was performed, the authors should report why they think the sample size is adequate to measure their effect size

Cai, Long

392

Cohort Profile: HAART Observational Medical Evaluation and Research (HOMER) cohort.  

PubMed

Since 1986, antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been available free of charge to individuals living with HIV in British Columbia (BC), Canada, through the BC Centre of Excellence in HIV/AIDS (BC-CfE) Drug Treatment Program (DTP). The Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) Observational Medical Evaluation and Research (HOMER) cohort was established in 1996 to maintain a prospective record of clinical measurements and medication profiles of a subset of DTP participants initiating HAART in BC. This unique cohort provides a comprehensive data source to investigate mortality, prognostic factors and treatment response among people living with HIV in BC from the inception of HAART. Currently over 5000 individuals are enrolled in the HOMER cohort. Data captured include socio-demographic characteristics (e.g. sex, age, ethnicity, health authority), clinical variables (e.g. CD4 cell count, plasma HIV viral load, AIDS-defining illness, hepatitis C co-infection, mortality) and treatment variables (e.g. HAART regimens, date of treatment initiation, treatment interruptions, adherence data, resistance testing). Research findings from the HOMER cohort have featured in numerous high-impact peer-reviewed journals. The HOMER cohort collaborates with other HIV cohorts on both national and international scales to answer complex HIV-specific research questions, and welcomes input from external investigators regarding potential research proposals or future collaborations. For further information please contact the principal investigator, Dr Robert Hogg (robert_hogg@sfu.ca). PMID:24639444

Patterson, Sophie; Cescon, Angela; Samji, Hasina; Cui, Zishan; Yip, Benita; Lepik, Katherine J; Moore, David; Lima, Viviane D; Nosyk, Bohdan; Harrigan, P Richard; Montaner, Julio Sg; Hogg, Robert S; Shannon, Kate; Wood, Evan

2014-03-17

393

Shadows amid sunshine: regulating financial conflicts in medical research.  

PubMed

Under brand new rules implementing the Physician Payments Sunshine Act (Sunshine Act), a wide range of financial relationships, including many research-related payments, between industry, physicians, and teaching hospitals will be publicly disclosed through comprehensive, standardized payment reporting. The Sunshine Act represents the latest in a series of regulatory attempts to address financial conflicts of interest that may bias research conduct and threaten subject safety. This article summarizes the major aspects of the Sunshine Act affecting medical research, how it interacts with existing laws and policies, and identifies important unresolved issues and implementation challenges that still lie ahead with the rollout of the legislation underway. The Sunshine Act primarily depends on disclosure as a regulatory tool. As such, its long-term impact remains open to question. Disclosure in this context may have limited utility given, among other reasons, uncertainty about who the intended recipients are and their ability to use the information effectively. Apart from the insufficiency of transparency, this article further explores how proportionality, fairness, and accountability considerations make optimal regulation of financial conflicts in medical research quite challenging. PMID:24493509

Saver, Richard S

2014-02-01

394

Association for medical education and research in substance abuse.  

PubMed

The Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA) is a multi-disciplinary organization committed to health professional faculty development in substance abuse. In 1976, members of the Career Teachers Training Program in Alcohol and Drug Abuse, a US federally funded multi-disciplinary faculty development program, formed AMERSA. The organization grew from 59 founding members, who were primarily medical school faculty, to over 300 health professionals from a spectrum of disciplines including physicians, nurses, social workers, dentists, allied health professionals, psychologists and other clinical educators who are responsible for advancing substance abuse education. AMERSA members promote substance abuse education among health professionals by developing curricula, promulgating relevant policy and training health professional faculty to become excellent teachers in this field. AMERSA influences public policy by offering standards for improving substance abuse education. The organization publishes a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal, Substance Abuse, which emphasizes research on the education and training of health professions and also includes original clinical and prevention research. Each year, the AMERSA National Conference brings together researchers and health professional educators to learn about scientific advances and exemplary teaching approaches. In the future, AMERSA will continue to pursue this mission of advancing and supporting health professional faculty who educate students and trainees to address substance abuse in patients and clients. PMID:16393188

Samet, Jeffrey H; Galanter, Marc; Bridden, Carly; Lewis, David C

2006-01-01

395

Educational research and its standing as science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational research is intended to provide objective, scientific knowledge. Why is it that so many of its findings fail to appear convincing or relevant to those who are directly involved in education?It is suggested that many research studies employ a specious view of science, as a result of which important problems are often trivialized. Also some of the techniques of

Tom Kitwood

1976-01-01

396

Meet our staff Computer Science research 59  

E-print Network

topics at CITR include multimedia imaging, computer vision, image and video analysis, information;| 2012 Computer Science60 Intelligent Systems and Informatics (ISI) www.cs.auckland.ac.nz/research/groups/isi The Intelligent Systems and Informatics (ISI) research group focuses on various theoretical and practical aspects

Sun, Jing

397

Archives of Medical Research: an historical and subject coverage overview.  

PubMed

A bibliometric study about the subject content of the articles published in the Mexican scientific journal Archives of Medical Research is reported. The journal, published by the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS), is comprised of 100 regular issues and 12 special supplements giving a total amount of 1,424 reports on medical research performed in Mexico during the last 25 years. According to the type of studies published during this period, we found that there is a similar percent of biomedical and clinical reports in the journal (47 and 42%, respectively) and a low proportion of epidemiological and medical educational reports (8 and 3%, respectively). Six thematic areas of research have been permanently published in this journal: investigations on infectious and neurological diseases being the areas mainly represented (34% of the total, corresponding to 17% in each area), followed by studies in reproductive biology (10%) and endocrine (7%), oncological (5%) and cardiovascular (3%) diseases. The tendency of the subjects covered by the journal during this period shows an increment in reports on infectious and parasitic disorders together with an increase in publications related to medicinal plant pharmacology; reproductive biology and endocrine studies show also an increasing tendency. On the other hand, a moderate decrease in studies related to neurological, oncological and cardiovascular diseases is observed. The origin of contributions during the last five years has balanced the proportion of papers published from IMSS scientists, other Mexican biomedical researchers and foreign contributions, thus reflecting favorably the recent changes in the journal's policies. This journal represents a clear example of a scientific publication edited in a developing country, originating as a national publication that evolved progressively into an international biomedical journal. PMID:8845632

Lozoya, X; Rivera-Arce, E; Domínguez, F; Arellano, M L; Muñoz, O

1995-01-01

398

Materials Research Science & Engineering Centers: Highlights  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Science Foundation funds 26 Materials Research Science & Engineering Centers (MRSEC) and website highlights research conducted at the MRSECs at universities across the United States. The featured projects have been "selected with care and pride by the director of each MRSEC" and "represent samples of exemplary research at the Centers." Some examples include Cornell University's work on Ultra-Small Memory Devices for Silicon Electronics and the University of Pennsylvania's work on Nematic Nanotube Gels. Links are provided to individual MRSEC websites where visitors can further explore each group's work.

399

Supplemental form for admission to the Master Programme in Medical Research  

E-print Network

Supplemental form for admission to the Master Programme in Medical Research For all applicants If you are accepted to the master programme in Medical Research you will during the first year (60. Applicants to the Medical Research programme therefore have to indicate the priority order of 3 choices

Uppsala Universitet

400

An advanced computer system for medical research by WILLIAM J. SANDERS, G. BREITBARD,  

E-print Network

An advanced computer system for medical research by WILLIAM J. SANDERS, G. BREITBARD, D. CUMMINS, R in 1959, with the purpose of more closely integrating medical research and educa- tion with the other of computing power, its distribution was such that the research needs of the medical school were not being

Wiederhold, Gio

401

Evaluating mastery of biostatistics for medical researchers: need for a new assessment tool.  

PubMed

Research training has enabled academic clinicians to contribute significantly to the body of medical research literature. Biostatistics represents a critical methodological skill for such researchers, as statistical methods are increasingly a necessary part of medical research. However, there is no validated knowledge and skills assessment for graduate level biostatistics for academic medical researchers. In this paper, I review graduate level statistical competencies and existing instruments intended to assess physicians' ability to read the medical literature and for undergraduate statistics for their alignment with core competencies necessary for successful use of statistics. This analysis shows a need for a new instrument to assess biostatistical competencies for medical researchers. PMID:22212227

Enders, Felicity

2011-12-01

402

Ring Fenced Research: The Case of Computer-Assisted Learning in Health Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interdisciplinary research is being promoted in many quarters as the way forward, but "research islands" still persist. Taking computer-assisted learning (CAL) within health sciences as a case in point, this paper describes a detailed study of the references to source material within papers published in general medical, specific nursing and…

Jacobs, Gabriel; Ip, Barry

2005-01-01

403

Researchers Bring Local Science Into Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The need to communicate scientific research beyond academia is increasing concurrently with a growing emphasis on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in K-12 education [Breiner et al., 2012]. Connecting scientists with K-12 educators who will share research with students in their classrooms is an effective method for broadening the audience for scientific research. However, establishing connections with teachers can be difficult, as there are few networking opportunities between these two groups without one directly contacting the other.

Theuerkauf, Ethan J.; Ridge, Justin T.

2014-02-01

404

Environment Science Research in Thailand  

E-print Network

and Biochemistry to participate in collaborative research with Thai faculty and students at Chiang Mai University of $800-$1000 to cover food, incidental expenses, and to supplement the cost of lodging. Additional

de Lijser, Peter

405

Performance of the libraries in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences based on the EFQM model  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Performance measurement is inevitable for university libraries. Hence, planning and establishing a constant and up-to-date measurement system is required for the libraries, especially the university libraries. The primary studies and analyses reveal that the EFQM Excellence Model has been efficient, and the administrative reform program has focused on the implementation of this model. Therefore, on the basis of these facts as well as the need for a measurement system, the researchers measured the performance of libraries in schools and hospitals supported by Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, using the EFQM Organizational Excellence Model. Materials and Methods: This descriptive research study was carried out by a cross-sectional survey method in 2011. This research study included librarians and library directors of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (70 people). The validity of the instrument was measured by the specialists in the field of Management and Library Science. To measure the reliability of the questionnaire, the Cronbach's alpha coefficient value was measured (0.93). The t-test, ANOVA, and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient were used for measurements. The data were analyzed by SPSS. Results: Data analysis revealed that the mean score of the performance measurement for the libraries under study and between nine dimensions the highest score was 65.3% for leadership dimension and the lowest scores were 55.1% for people and 55.1% for society results. Conclusion: In general, using the ninth EFQM model the average level of all dimensions, which is in good agreement with normal values, was assessed. However, compared to other results, the criterion people and society results were poor. It is Recommended by forming the expert committee on criterion people and society results by individuals concerned with the various conferences and training courses to improve the aspects.

Karimi, Saeid; Atashpour, Bahareh; Papi, Ahmad; Nouri, Rasul; Hasanzade, Akbar

2014-01-01

406

National Exposure Research Laboratory: Environmental Sciences Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Environmental Sciences Division (ESD) of the Office of Research and Development's National Exposure Research Laboratory conducts research, development, and technology transfer programs on environmental exposures to ecological and human receptors." Chemists can discover ESD's methods for characterizing chemical stressors and its research and monitoring of contamination. Researchers can download various models for contaminate transport, data analysis, and environmental assessments. The website provides many online scientific articles dealing with ESD's projects including spatial interpolations, the Trace Organic Analysis, and the use of a mass spectrometer in environmental forensics.

407

Informed consent: a critical part of modern medical research.  

PubMed

Informed consent is one of the great puzzles of modern medical research and practice. As Professor Henderson has argued in her article, there is ample reason to be concerned that many, and maybe all, of the goals announced for informed consent law and ethics have not been reached. In this article, I will review the goals that theorists and judges have assigned to the doctrine and discuss some of the evidence concerning the difficulties of meeting those goals. Finally, I will suggest some of the reasons that might account for our continued commitment to informed consent despite its difficulties. PMID:21804363

Lidz, Charles W

2011-10-01

408

Bioastronautics: optimizing human performance through research and medical innovations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A strategic use of resources is essential to achieving long-duration space travel and understanding the human physiological changes in space, including the roles of food and nutrition in space. To effectively address the challenges of space flight, the Bioastronautics Initiative, undertaken in 2001, expands extramural collaboration and leverages unique capabilities of the scientific community and the federal government, all the while applying this integrated knowledge to Earth-based problems. Integral to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's missions in space is the reduction of risk of medical complications, particularly during missions of long duration. Cumulative medical experience and research provide the ability to develop evidence-based medicine for prevention, countermeasures, and treatment modalities for space flight. The early approach applied terrestrial clinical judgment to predict medical problems in space. Space medicine has evolved to an evidence-based approach with the use of biomedical data gathered and lessons learned from previous space flight missions to systematically aid in decision making. This approach led, for example, to the determination of preliminary nutritional requirements for space flight, and it aids in the development of nutrition itself as a countermeasure to support nutritional mitigation of adaptation to space.

Williams, David R.

2002-01-01

409

Molecular Science Research Center 1992 annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Molecular Science Research Center is a designated national user facility, available to scientists from universities, industry, and other national laboratories. After an opening section, which includes conferences hosted, appointments, and projects, this document presents progress in the following fields: chemical structure and dynamics; environmental dynamics and simulation; macromolecular structure and dynamics; materials and interfaces; theory, modeling, and simulation; and computing and information sciences. Appendices are included: MSRC staff and associates, 1992 publications and presentations, activities, and acronyms and abbreviations.

Knotek, M.L.

1994-01-01

410

Science Learning Environments and Action Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A learning environment survey can be easily used in your science classroom to evaluate new instructional approaches, to spark enthusiasm, and to produce evidence showing that you are indeed becoming a reflective practitioner. Intellectual professional development should go beyond attending conferences and inservice training. This article will describe how you can successfully implement CLEAR (Classroom Learning Environment Action Research) as a strategy for improving your science teaching practice.

Martin-Dunlop, Catherine

2006-09-01

411

Science Research Facilities - Versatility for Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Station Science Lab Module (SLM) and its interfaces are designed to minimize complexity and maximize user accommodations. The facilities provided encompass life sciences research, the control of external payloads, the servicing of customer equipment, and general scientific investigations. The SLM will have the unprecedented ability to diagnose, service, and replace equipment while in orbit. In addition, the SLM will have significant operational advantages over previous spacecraft in terms of available volume, power, and crew interaction possibilities.

Giannovario, J. A.; Schelkopf, J. D.; Massey, K.; Solly, M.

1986-01-01

412

Commentary: The Value of Science Research Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this month's Commentary, the value of science research projects is emphasized. The authors of this article have found that conservatively such projects could potentially have a positive impact on curricular requirements, regardless of the perception that science projects should be complex and difficult or that they should be limited only to students who continue their education beyond high school. They effectively illustrate the benefits of science projects as an alternative learning path for all students, where they acquire critical thinking skills and other components of inquiry-based instruction.

Frisby, Al; Mccurdy, Dennis

2005-04-01

413

Visionlearning: Research Methods: The Practice of Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This instructional module introduces four types of research methods: experimentation, description, comparison, and modeling. It was developed to help learners understand that the classic definition of the "scientific method" does not capture the dynamic nature of science investigation. As learners explore each methodology, they develop an understanding of why scientists use multiple methods to gather data and develop hypotheses. It is appropriate for introductory physics courses and for teachers seeking content support in research practices. Editor's Note: Secondary students often cling to the notion that scientific research follows a stock, standard "scientific method". They may be unaware of the differences between experimental research, correlative studies, observation, and computer-based modeling research. In this resource, they can glimpse each methodology in the context of a real study done by respected scientists. This resource is part of Visionlearning, an award-winning set of classroom-tested modules for science education.

Carpi, Anthony; Egger, Anne

414

Sherman Health Science Research Centre  

E-print Network

's natural light, and reduce the need for artificial lighting. · Energy-efficient light fixtures were also-controlled heating and ventilation equipment continually cycles fresh air into the building and maintains an optimum changes over time, researchers observe how brain areas become more or less active while a subject performs

415

Medical Research Council and Wellcome Trust response to the Review of the NHS research ethics committee system in England  

E-print Network

1 Medical Research Council and Wellcome Trust response to the Review of the NHS research ethics committee system in England The Medical Research Council (MRC) and Wellcome Trust ("the Trust") welcome the Department of Health's review of the NHS research ethics committee (REC) system in England, and are pleased

Rambaut, Andrew

416

Community Science, Philosophy of Science, and the Practice of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Embedded in community science are implicit theories on the nature of reality (ontology), the justification of knowledge claims (epistemology), and how knowledge is constructed (methodology). These implicit theories influence the conceptualization and practice of research, and open up or constrain its possibilities. The purpose of this paper is to make some of these theories explicit, trace their intellectual history, and

Jacob Kraemer Tebes

2005-01-01

417

AAMC-Regional Groups on Educational Affairs (GEA) Research in Medical Education (RIME) Section  

E-print Network

1 AAMC-Regional Groups on Educational Affairs (GEA) Research in Medical Education (RIME) Section School of Medicine Susan Pasquale, PhD, MT-BC, NMT University of Massachusetts Medical School Janine Shapiro, MD University of Rochester Medical Center Laura Willett, MD, FACP Robert Wood Johnson Medical

Wu, Shin-Tson

418

Recurring themes arising during medical research ethics committee review.  

PubMed

A standard application form for the ethical review of health-related research studies has recently been adopted by many Irish medical research ethics committees. In order to assess the impact of the new form, we reviewed all comments made by the Beaumont Hospital Ethics Committee during two six-month periods, immediately prior to adoption of the new form (2010), and soon afterwards (2011). Neither volume nor comment type differed significantly between the two observation periods. Participant documentation (information leaflets and consent forms) accounted for the largest proportion of comments (2010; 44%, 2011; 37%). Other common areas prompting queries were study administration (7%), design (12%) and procedures (13%), participant selection and recruitmen (8%), and lastly data protection (9%). Because of these findings, the standard operating procedures of the committee have been revised--use of provided template participant documentation is strongly encouraged, and a "Recurring Review Themes" checklist is highlighted to all applicants. PMID:23909158

Kelleher, E; Stanton, A; Vale, G; Smith, D

2013-06-01

419

Recent advances in hydrogen research as a therapeutic medical gas.  

PubMed

Recent basic and clinical research has revealed that hydrogen is an important physiological regulatory factor with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic protective effects on cells and organs. Therapeutic hydrogen has been applied by different delivery methods including straightforward inhalation, drinking hydrogen dissolved in water and injection with hydrogen-saturated saline. This review summarizes currently available data regarding the protective role of hydrogen, provides an outline of recent advances in research on the use of hydrogen as a therapeutic medical gas in diverse models of disease and discusses the feasibility of hydrogen as a therapeutic strategy. It is not an overstatement to say that hydrogen's impact on therapeutic and preventive medicine could be enormous in the future. PMID:20815764

Huang, Chien-Sheng; Kawamura, Tomohiro; Toyoda, Yoshiya; Nakao, Atsunori

2010-09-01

420

Division of Biological and Medical Research research summary 1984-1985  

SciTech Connect

The Division of Biological and Medical Research at Argonne National Laboratory conducts multidisciplinary research aimed at defining the biological and medical hazards to man from energy technologies and new energy options. These technically oriented studies have a strong base in fundamental research in a variety of scientific disciplines, including molecular and cellular biology, biophysics, genetics, radiobiology, pharmacology, biochemistry, chemistry, environmental toxicology, and epidemiology. This research summary is organized into six parts. The first five parts reflect the Divisional structure and contain the scientific program chapters, which summarize the activities of the individual groups during the calendar year 1984 and the first half of 1985. To provide better continuity and perspective, previous work is sometimes briefly described. Although the summaries are short, efforts have been made to indicate the range of research activities for each group.

Barr, S.H. (ed.)

1985-08-01

421

The Stanford Medical Youth Science Program: educational and science-related outcomes.  

PubMed

Biomedical preparatory programs (pipeline programs) have been developed at colleges and universities to better prepare youth for entering science- and health-related careers, but outcomes of such programs have seldom been rigorously evaluated. We conducted a matched cohort study to evaluate the Stanford Medical Youth Science Program's Summer Residential Program (SRP), a 25-year-old university-based biomedical pipeline program that reaches out to low-income and underrepresented ethnic minority high school students. Five annual surveys were used to assess educational outcomes and science-related experience among 96 SRP participants and a comparison group of 192 youth who applied but were not selected to participate in the SRP, using ~2:1 matching on sociodemographic and academic background to control for potential confounders. SRP participants were more likely than the comparison group to enter college (100.0 vs. 84.4 %, p = 0.002), and both of these matriculation rates were more than double the statewide average (40.8 %). In most areas of science-related experience, SRP participants reported significantly more experience (>twofold odds) than the comparison group at 1 year of follow-up, but these differences did not persist after 2-4 years. The comparison group reported substantially more participation in science or college preparatory programs, more academic role models, and less personal adversity than SRP participants, which likely influenced these findings toward the null hypothesis. SRP applicants, irrespective of whether selected for participation, had significantly better educational outcomes than population averages. Short-term science-related experience was better among SRP participants, although longer-term outcomes were similar, most likely due to college and science-related opportunities among the comparison group. We discuss implications for future evaluations of other biomedical pipeline programs. PMID:25096792

Crump, Casey; Ned, Judith; Winkleby, Marilyn A

2014-08-01

422

Photodynamic research at Baylor University Medical Center Dallas, Texas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We received our first CO2 laser at Baylor University Medical Center in December 1974, following a trip to Israel in January of that year. Discussion with the customs office of the propriety of charging an 18% import tax lasted for nine months. We lost that argument. Baylor has been using lasers of many types for many procedures since that time. About ten years ago, through the kindness of Tom Dougherty and Roswell Park, we started working with photodynamic therapy, first with hematoporphyrin I and later with dihematoporphyrin ether (II). In February 1984, we were invited to a conference at Los Alamos, New Mexico, U.S.A. on medical applications of the free electron laser as part of the Star Wars Program. A grant application from Baylor was approved that November, but funding did not start for many months. This funding contributed to the development of a new research center as part of Baylor Research Institute. Many of the projects investigated at Baylor dealt with applications of the free electron laser (FEL), after it became available. A staff was assembled and many projects are still ongoing. I would like to outline those which are in some way related to photodynamic therapy.

Gulliya, Kirpal S.; Matthews, James Lester; Sogandares-Bernal, Franklin M.; Aronoff, Billie L.; Judy, Millard M.

1993-03-01

423

Abstract--Medical image segmentation is one of the most productive research areas in medical image processing. The  

E-print Network

Abstract--Medical image segmentation is one of the most productive research areas in medical image processing. The goal of most new image segmentation algorithms is to achieve higher segmentation accuracy a prototype composite index that includes the measurement of seven metrics on segmented image sets. We explain

Jepson, Allan D.

424

Medical students’ perceptions and attitudes about family practice: a qualitative research synthesis  

PubMed Central

Background During the last decade medical students from most Western countries have shown little interest in family practice. Understanding the factors that influence medical students to choose family medicine is crucial. Objective To systematically review and synthesize published evidence about medical students’ attitudes and perceptions towards family practice. Methods A qualitative systematic review. The literature search was undertaken in July 2010 in PubMed, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses. Two authors independently selected the studies for their inclusion and assessed their quality. The selected studies were thoroughly read. Key themes and categories were identified. A matrix was created for allowing the comparison of each theme across studies. Results Ten studies were finally included. Seven broad themes were identified across them: 1) Scope and context of practice was a broad theme comprising linked sub-themes: perception of a varied specialty, broad practice, holistic perspective and flexibility that allows having a family; 2) Lower interest or intellectually less challenging: treating common disease, repetitive, quasi administrative job; 3) Influence of role models, either positive and negative, and society: negative comments from other professionals, peers and family; 4) Lower prestige; 5) Poor remuneration; 6) Medical school influences, being important both the length and quality of the exposure; 7) Post graduate training, where the shorter duration and the lower intensity were perceived as positive aspects. After identifying these seven key themes, were also looked into patterns in the distribution of these themes among studies. Conclusions Our qualitative review provides a comprehensive picture of medical students’ attitudes towards family practice in the available literature. In general, although some students find family medicine appealing, it is regarded as a career of low interest and prestige. More research is needed on the influence of role models, medical school and post graduate training. PMID:22909189

2012-01-01

425

Symbolic Interaction and Applied Social Research: A FOCUS ON TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE RESEARCH(1.)  

PubMed

In symbolic interaction, a traditional yet unfortunate and unnecessary distinction has been made between basic and applied research. The argument has been made that basic research is intended to generate new knowledge, whereas applied research is intended to apply knowledge to the solution of practical (social and organizational) problems. I will argue that the distinction between basic and applied research in symbolic interaction is outdated and dysfunctional. The masters of symbolic interactionist thought have left us a proud legacy of shaping their scholarly thinking and inquiry in response to and in light of practical issues of the day (e.g., Znaniecki, and Blumer). Current interactionist work continues this tradition in topical areas such as social justice studies. Applied research, especially in term of evaluation and needs assessment studies, can be designed to serve both basic and applied goals. Symbolic interaction provides three great resources to do this. The first is its orientation to dynamic sensitizing concepts that direct research and ask questions instead of supplying a priori and often impractical answers. The second is its orientation to qualitative methods, and appreciation for the logic of grounded theory. The third is interactionism's overall holistic approach to interfacing with the everyday life world. The primary illustrative case here is the qualitative component of the evaluation of an NIH-funded, translational medical research program. The qualitative component has provided interactionist-inspired insights into translational research, such as examining cultural change in medical research in terms of changes in the form and content of formal and informal discourse among scientists; delineating the impact of significant symbols such as "my lab" on the social organization of science; and appreciating the essence of the self-concept "scientist" on the increasingly bureaucratic and administrative identities of medical researchers. This component has also contributed to the basic social scientific literature on complex organizations and the self. PMID:25221375

Kotarba, Joseph A

2014-08-01

426

Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy: Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy (IGSP) is "dedicated to the study of life through scientific inquiry involving interdisciplinary research in genome sciences and policy." The Research section of the IGSP website links to descriptions of several focus areas such as Breast Cancer Genomics, Public Genomics & Intellectual Property, and Environmental Genomics. The site also links to information about the seven IGSP Centers including the Center for Models of Human Disease; the Center for Genome Ethics, Law, & Policy; The Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; and more. Lists of recent research publications by primary author are available as well. In addition, site visitors will find information about a variety of IGSP resources including Sequence Data, Business & Funding Data, Research Software, and, in the near future, a Pharmacogenetics Database.

427

Teacher research experiences, epistemology, and student attitudes toward science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This concurrent mixed methods research study examined the impact of a Teacher Research Experience (TRE) on science teacher beliefs about science, scientific research, science teaching, and student attitudes toward science. Surveys, interviews, reflective journals, and classroom observations of six teachers involved in a TRE were utilized to examine changes in beliefs as a result of participation in the TRE. Student

Diana L. Payne

2007-01-01

428

Developing a theory of clinical instructor identity using the experiences of medical laboratory science practitioners.  

PubMed

This study investigated medical laboratory science clinical instructors' beliefs about teaching and how they viewed themselves as teachers. The first phase of the study included an integrative literature review, which suggested that the development of teacher identity in school-based educators, and to a lesser extent higher education faculty, is dependent on four dimensions: personal factors, training factors, contextual factors, and reflective practice. The second phase of this study began qualitative inquiry into the ways that these participants described their teaching and professional identity. Interviews were conducted with medical laboratory science clinical instructors in order to gain an understanding of their perceptions of themselves as teachers. The data collected in this study indicate that this group of clinical instructors saw themselves as teachers who were responsible for providing students with technical skills needed to become competent practitioners and the theoretical foundation necessary to pass the national certification exam. The study participants also saw themselves as mentors who were responsible for passing along professional knowledge to the next generation of laboratory practitioners. During data analysis three themes emerged that represent aspects of teacher identity in clinical instructors: belief in one's teaching ability, desire to expand one's professional responsibilities, and reflection on one's teaching. The findings from this study may provide a foundation for future research designed to measure teacher identity in clinical instructors. PMID:25000652

Miller, Wendy

2014-01-01

429

Analysing the Research Articles Published in Three Periodicals of Medical Librarianship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports findings from a bibliometric study of research articles published in the "Bulletin of the Medical Library Association," the "Journal of the Japan Medical Library Association," and the "Medical Information Services" from 1990 to 1992. Subject categories, length of articles, methods of research, and number of references are examined.…

Haiqi, Zhang

1995-01-01

430

Not a minor problem: involving adolescents in medical device design research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines how adolescents are currently overlooked as a specific user group of medical devices and positions the contribution that ergonomics (human factors) can make in mitigating this issue. Details are provided of the current barriers to adolescent inclusion in medical device design research. The discussion then provides guidance and suggested strategies for researchers, clinical staff and medical device

Alexandra R. Lang; Jennifer L. Martin; Sarah Sharples; John A. Crowe; Elizabeth Murphy

2012-01-01

431

Science Nation: Virtual Reality Fires up Research Efforts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Media Convergence Laboratory (MCL) at the University of Central Florida is a place where engineers and artists combine their know-how for video games, virtual reality and a variety of military and commercial products. But there's now a much wider array of researchers discovering the benefits of this lab's toolbox. The Forest Fire project, funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), blends three seemingly unrelated disciplines: psychology, computer science and economics. The aim is to find out if a virtual reality presentation of wildfires might influence local residents to invest in prescribed burns and other protective efforts. Virtual reality and mixed reality (the blending of virtual content with real content) are now being used in a wide range of other scientific applications, including a growing number of medical therapies.

432

Economic and Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With its prestigious record of research and service to the broader public sector, the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC) is the UK's prime research funding and training agency that actively addresses both economic and social concerns. As the website notes, the council seeks "to provide high quality research on issues of importance to business, the public sector, and government." From the homepage, visitors can read extensive information about the Council's seven thematic research priorities (which include social stability and exclusion and lifecourse), along with reading about funding opportunities and available postdoctoral research positions with one of the research centres. As with most research organizations, the selection of publications here is quite good, and includes annual reports, transcripts of lectures given on behalf of the Council, best practice guides, and several special reports, such as Britain Towards 2010 and Fit and Fifty?. Finally, the news area of the site contains the archives and current edition of _The Edge_, a magazine about social science research funded by ESRC.

433

Division of Biological and Medical Research annual technical report 1982  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes research during 1982 in the Division of Biological and Medical Research, Argonne National Laboratory. Studies in Carcinogenesis address mechanisms of chemical and radiation carcinogenesis including the processes of tumor initiation and promotion. The studies employ rat liver and mouse skin models as well as human rodent cell culture systems. The use of liposomes for metal mobilization is also explored. Low Level Radiation studies include delineation of the hematopoietic and other responses of dogs to continuous low level gamma irradiation, comparison of lifetime effects in mice of low level neutron and gamma irradiation, and study of the genetic effects of high LET radiation. Molecular Biology research develops two-dimensional electrophoresis systems for diagnosis and detection of cancer and other diseases. Fundamental structural and biophysical investigations of immunoglobulins and other key proteins are included, as are studies of cell growth, and of molecular and cellular effects of solar uv light. Research in Toxicology uses cellular, physiological, whole animal, and chronobiological end points and chemical separations to elucidate mechanisms and evaluate hazards of coal conversion by-products, actinides, and toxic metals. The final sections cover support facilities, educational activities, seminars, staff talks, staff, and funding agencies.

Rosenthal, M.W. (ed.)

1983-05-01

434

National Science Foundation: Education-Research Overview  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Science Foundation (NSF) works on a number of outreach programs designed to improve the quality of science education. This website provides information and materials on this work by offering visitors classroom resources, reports on recent studies, and other materials. First-time visitors can click on the "Education Discoveries" to learn about how the NSF's research has been applied to molecular genetics, cyber security enhancements, and the migration of red-tailed hawks. Visitors should also click on the "Virtual Science Project" tab to learn more about the Maryland Virtual High School Earthquake Project, which is an attempt to bring the same problem solving and technology rich approaches used in private industry into the classroom. Moving on, the "Educational Classroom Resources" include links to science education websites that have been vetted by NSF staff members.

435

76 FR 24974 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...quality, budget, safety and mission...

2011-05-03

436

76 FR 66367 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...quality, budget, safety and mission...

2011-10-26

437

76 FR 79273 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...quality, budget, safety, and mission...

2011-12-21

438

76 FR 1212 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...quality, budget, safety and mission...

2011-01-07

439

76 FR 19188 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...quality, budget, safety and mission...

2011-04-06

440

75 FR 57833 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...quality, budget, safety and mission...

2010-09-22

441

77 FR 20489 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...quality, budget, safety and mission...

2012-04-04

442

77 FR 23810 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...quality, budget, safety and mission...

2012-04-20

443

c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH NOTE  

E-print Network

c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH NOTE Accumulation of hns mutations specifically in stationary-site mutations in the rpoS gene (Barth et al. 1995). These may be selected to prevent the constitutive ex with the report that hns rpoS double mutants have a faster doubling time than rpoS single mutants (Barth et al

Mahadevan, S.

444

c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH ARTICLE Multidimensional analysis of Drosophila wing evolutionary differentiation. In this study, using Drosophila melanogaster isofemale lines derived from wild Multidimensional Analysis of Drosophila wing variation in Evolution Canyon. J. Genet. 87, 407­419] Introduction

Debat, Vincent

445

QANU Research Review Economics & Business Sciences  

E-print Network

of Economics and Business, University of Amsterdam 69 UvA 1: Accounting, Organisations & Society 75 UvA 2: Corporate Finance & Financial Systems 77 UvA 3: Information Management 78 UvA 4: Econometrics 86 UvA 5: Operations research 88 UvA 6: Equilibrium, Expectations & Dynamics 90 UvA 7: Actuarial Science 92 UvA 8

van Rooij, Robert

446

Expanding Earth Sciences Research with Layerscape  

E-print Network

Expanding Earth Sciences Research with Layerscape In Brief Websites: layerscape Earth in three-dimensional space and time. Oceanographers and earth scientists are using this free set of serious illness in the hospital was pneumonia." The Earth is a vast, complicated system comprised

Jakubowski, Mariusz H.

447

Introducing Research College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences  

E-print Network

Introducing Research College of Oceanic & Atmospheric Sciences COAS, 104 Ocean Admin Bldg, Oregon.coas.oregonstate.edu WECOMA WECOMA Coll ege of Oceanic & Atmospheric Scie nces OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY in the O cean currents, to the south in summer and generally to the north in winter, create ocean currents. The strong summertime

Pierce, Stephen

448

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature is designed to point readers of this journal to current articles of interest in life sciences education as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. For articles listed as "Abstract available," full text may be accessible at the indicated URL…

Dolan, Erin

2010-01-01

449

Research Article Open Access Steroids & Hormonal Science  

E-print Network

Research Article Open Access Steroids & Hormonal Science Hojo et al., J Steroids Hormon Sci 2014, S4 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7536.S4-002 J Steroids Hormon Sci Neurosteroids ISSN:2157-7536 JSHS-estradiol (E2), progesterone (PROG) and estrone [1], which is similar to hippocampus-synthesized steroids

Kawato, Suguru

450

Needs and opportunities for improving the health, safety, and productivity of medical research facilities.  

PubMed Central

Medical research facilities, indeed all the nation's constructed facilities, must be designed, operated, and maintained in a manner that supports the health, safety, and productivity of the occupants. The National Construction Goals, established by the National Science and Technology Council, envision substantial improvements in occupant health and worker productivity. The existing research and best practices case studies support this conclusion, but too frequently building industry professionals lack the knowledge to design, construct, operate, and maintain facilities at these optimum levels. There is a need for more research and more collaborative efforts between medical and facilities engineering researchers and practitioners in order to attain the National Construction Goals. Such collaborative efforts will simultaneously support attainment of the National Health Goals. This article is the summary report of the Healthy Buildings Committee for the Leadership Conference: Biomedical Facilities and the Environment sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, the National Association of Physicians for the Environment, and the Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers on 1--2 November 1999 in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. PMID:11124125

Hodgson, M; Brodt, W; Henderson, D; Loftness, V; Rosenfeld, A; Woods, J; Wright, R

2000-01-01

451

Research Misconduct and the Physical Sciences  

SciTech Connect

Research misconduct includes the fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism (FFP) of concepts or ideas; some institutions have expanded this concept to include ''other serious deviations (OSD) from accepted research practice.'' An action can be evaluated as research misconduct if it involves activities unique to the practice of science and could negatively affect the scientific record. Although the number of cases of research misconduct is uncertain (formal records are kept only by the NIH and the NSF), the costs are high in integrity of the scientific record, diversions from research to investigate allegations, ruined careers of those eventually exonerated, and erosion of public confidence in science. Currently, research misconduct policies vary from institution to institution and from government agency to government agency; some have highly developed guidelines that include OSD, others have no guidelines at ail. One result has been that the federal False Claims Act has been used to pursue allegations of research misconduct and have them adjudicated in the federal court, rather than being judged by scientific peers. The federal government will soon establish a first-ever research misconduct policy that would apply to all research funded by the federal government regardless of what agency funded the research or whether the research was carried out in a government, industrial or university laboratory. Physical scientists, who up to now have only infrequently been the subject or research misconduct allegations, must none-the-less become active in the debate over research misconduct policies and how they are implemented since they will now be explicitly covered by this new federal wide policy.

HM Kerch; JJ Dooley

1999-10-11

452

Determination of rate of customer focus in educational programs at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences1 based on students’ viewpoints  

PubMed Central

Background: Today, the challenges of quality improvement and customer focus as well as systems development are important and inevitable matters in higher education institutes. There are some highly competitive challenges among educational institutes, including accountability to social needs, increasing costs of education, diversity in educational methods and centers and their consequent increasing competition, and the need for adaptation of new information and knowledge to focus on students as the main customers. Hence, the purpose of this study was to determine the rate of costumer focus based on Isfahan University of Medical Sciences students’ viewpoints and to suggest solutions to improve this rate. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in 2011. The statistical population included all the students of seven faculties of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. According to statistical formulae, the sample size consisted of 384 subjects. Data collection tools included researcher-made questionnaire whose reliability was found to be 87% by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Finally, using the SPSS statistical software and statistical methods of independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Likert scale based data were analyzed. Results: The mean of overall score for customer focus (student-centered) of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences was 46.54. Finally, there was a relation between the mean of overall score for customer focus and gender, educational levels, and students’ faculties. Researcher suggest more investigation between Medical University and others. Conclusion: It is a difference between medical sciences universities and others regarding the customer focus area, since students’ gender must be considered as an effective factor in giving healthcare services quality. In order to improve the customer focus, it is essential to take facilities, field of study, faculties, and syllabus into consideration. PMID:23555127

Shams, Assadollah; Yarmohammadian, Mohammad Hosein; Abbarik, Hadi Hayati

2012-01-01

453

77 FR 62245 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California, Los Angeles, Warren Hall, 11-151, 900 Veteran Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, 310-206-0909, lslice@mednet.ucla.edu. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group; Training and Workforce...

2012-10-12

454

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Public Health Assessment are to: Explore and critically evaluate approaches to assessing public health and critique and discretion in public health practice, programme management and service development. Module Content

Doran, Simon J.

455

76 FR 32980 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel, Review of Microbial Communities Grant Applications. Date: June 27-28, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

2011-06-07

456

75 FR 30410 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel, Dynamics of Host-Associated Microbial Communities (R01). Date: June 24, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

2010-06-01

457

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Applied Anaesthesia Module; techniques and drugs used in anaesthesia and will cover all major patient groups, including paediatrics management Paediatric anaesthesia Obstetric anaesthesia ENT anaesthesia Bariatric anaesthesia Emergency

Doran, Simon J.

458

75 FR 63497 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...invasion of personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Wound Healing Center Grant. Date: November 9, 2010. Time: 12 p.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

2010-10-15

459

[Academy of medical sciences during the Great Patriotic War and first years after war].  

PubMed

In the article presented the history of foundation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR and its activities during the World War Two and the early postwar years. According to the authors, the scientific development of many fundamental problems from domestic medicine experience during the war has retained its relevance in solving of the contemporary issues in health and medical science in modern Russia. PMID:25286578

Knopov, M Sh; Taranukha, V K

2014-06-01

460

Transnational nurse migration: future directions for medical anthropological research.  

PubMed

Transnational nurse migration is a serious global health issue in which inequitably distributed shortages hinder health and development goals. This article selectively reviews the literature on nurse migration that has emerged from nursing, health planning, and the social sciences and offers productive directions for future anthropological research. The literature on global nurse migration has largely focused on push/pull economic logic and the concept of brain drain to understand the causes and effects of nurse migration. These concepts obscure political-economic, historical, and cultural factors that pattern nurse migration and influence the complex effects of nurse migration. Global nurse care chain analysis helps illuminate the numerous nodes in the production and migration of nurses, and management of this transnational process. Examples are provided from the Philippines and India to illustrate ways in which this analysis may be deepened, refined and rendered more critical by anthropological research. PMID:24607673

Prescott, Megan; Nichter, Mark

2014-04-01

461

Policy Sciences in Water Resources Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the newly appointed Policy Sciences Editor for this journal, I would like to take this opportunity to introduce myself to WRR's readership as well as to offer a few comments concerning my views of policy sciences in water resources research. I am an economist working in the area of natural resources and environmental management. As such, I've spent a good part of my research career working with noneconomists. During 1969-1972, I worked in Mexico with hydrologists and engineers from Mexico's Water Resources Ministry in efforts to assess management/investment programs for reservoir systems and systems for interbasin water transfers. Between 1972 and 1975, while serving as Chairman of the Department of Resource Economics at the University of Rhode Island, my research involved collaborative efforts with biologists and soil scientists in studies concerning the conjunctive management of reservoirs for agricultural and lagoon systems and the control of salinity levels in soils and aquifers. Since 1975, at which time I joined the faculty at the University of New Mexico, I have worked with engineers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in developing operation/management models for hot, dry rock geothermal systems and, more recently, with legal scholars and hydrologists in analyses of water rights issues. Thus I am comfortable with and appreciative of research conducted by my colleagues in systems engineering, operations research, and hydrology, as well as those in economics, law, and other social sciences.

Cummings, Ronald G.

1984-07-01

462

Wind Science and Engineering Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Wind Science and Engineering Research Center at Texas Tech University conducts "multidisciplinary research to mitigate the deleterious effects of windstorms on the built environment, people, and the quality of life, and to utilize the beneficial effects of wind." The website highlights the Fujita Scale Enhancement Project, which examines the scale used to classify tornadoes by intensity. Links to websites on other wind projects are also provided. The Wind Engineering Library allows visitors to search more than 4500 articles on the center's research as well as education-related publications. Teachers and the general public will find an extensive list of other Internet resources on wind energy.

463

A Problem-Oriented Independent Studies Programme in Basic Medical Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An independent studies program (ISP) in the basic medical sciences developed at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry involves 16 students as a learning team working with 10 medical teachers as a teaching team. The program offers an alternative to the lecture-laboratory-conference traditional format. (Author/LBH)

Morgan, H. R.

1977-01-01

464

The Role of Computer Science and Computing Skills in a Medical Informatics Curriculum  

PubMed Central

Graduates of medical informatics educational programs hold a variety of jobs that require various skills and conceptual understanding. Some degree of technical knowledge is usually expected of these workers. We examine the evolution of the computer science portion of a medical informatics curriculum and report on a survey of recent graduates providing feedback regarding the usefulness of various aspects of that curriculum.

Price, Susan L.; Logan, Judith R.; Hersh, William R.

2001-01-01

465

Inspiring Careers in STEM and Healthcare Fields through Medical Simulation Embedded in High School Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most effective ways to promote learning and inspire careers related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) remain elusive. To address this gap, we reviewed the literature and designed and implemented a high-fidelity, medical simulation-based Harvard Medical School MEDscience course, which was integrated into high school…

Berk, Louis J.; Muret-Wagstaff, Sharon L.; Goyal, Riya; Joyal, Julie A.; Gordon, James A.; Faux, Russell; Oriol, Nancy E.

2014-01-01

466

Spin polarized 3He: From basic research to medical applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Polarization of 3He gas by means of optical pumping is well known since the early 1960s with first applications in fundamental physics. Some thirty years later it was discovered, that one can use hyperpolarized 3He as contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging of the lung. The wide interest in this new method made it necessary to find ways of polarizing 3He in large quantities with high polarization degrees. A high performance polarizing facility has been developed at the University of Mainz, designed for centralized production of hyperpolarized 3He gas. We present the Mainz concept as well as some examples of numerous applications of spin polarized 3He in fundamental research and medical applications.

Karpuk, S.; Allmendinger, F.; Burghoff, M.; Gemmel, C.; Güldner, M.; Heil, W.; Kilian, W.; Knappe-Grüneberg, S.; Mrozik, Ch.; Müller, W.; Otten, E. W.; Repetto, M.; Salhi, Z.; Schmidt, U.; Schnabel, A.; Seifert, F.; Sobolev, Yu.; Trahms, L.; Tullney, K.

2013-11-01

467

Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This scale model depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830, and TBD).

2001-01-01

468

Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This computer-generated image depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830).

2001-01-01

469

Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This scale model depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830, and TBD). This image is from a digital still camera; higher resolution is not available.

2001-01-01

470

Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This computer-generated image depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. A larger image is available without labels (No. 0101755).

2001-01-01

471

Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This scale model depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, and TBD). This composite is from a digital still camera; higher resolution is not available.

2001-01-01

472

Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This scale model depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Here the transparent furnace is extracted for servicing. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830, and TBD).

2001-01-01

473

Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This computer-generated image depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830, and TBD).

2001-01-01

474

Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This computer-generated image depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101830, and TBD).

2001-01-01

475

Medical waste tissues - breathing life back into respiratory research.  

PubMed

With the advent of biobanks to store human lung cells and tissues from patient donations and from the procurement of medical waste tissues, it is now possible to integrate (both spatially and temporally) cells into anatomically-correct and physiologically-functional tissues. Modern inhalation toxicology relies on human data on exposure and adverse effects, to determine the most appropriate risk assessments and mitigations for beneficial respiratory health. A point in case is the recapitulation of airway tissue, such as the bronchial epithelium, to investigate the impact of air pollution on human respiratory health. The bronchi are the first point of contact for inhaled substances that bypass defences in the upper respiratory tract. Animal models have been used to resolve such inhalation toxicology hazards. However, the access to medical waste tissues has enabled the Lung Particle Research Group to tissue-engineer the Micro-Lung (TM) and Metabo-Lung(TM) cell culture models, as alternatives to animals in basic research and in the safety testing of aerosolised consumer goods. The former model favours investigations focused on lung injury and repair mechanisms, and the latter model provides the element of metabolism, through the co-culturing of lung and liver (hepatocyte) cells. These innovations represent examples of the animal-free alternatives advocated by the 21st century toxicology paradigm, whereby human-derived cell/tissue data will lead to more-accurate and more-reliable public health risk assessments and therapeutic mitigations (e.g. exposure to ambient air pollutants and adverse drug reactions) for lung disease. PMID:24512225

BéruBé, Kelly A

2013-12-01

476

Evaluating the Quality of Education at Dentistry School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Background: Educational evaluation is a process which deals with data collection and assessment of academic activities’ progress. In this research, educational evaluation of Dentistry School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, which trains students in undergraduate and residency courses, was studied. Methods: This descriptive study was done with a model of educational evaluation in ten steps and 13 fields including purposes and mission objectives, management and organization, academic board members, students, human resources and support, educational, research, health and treatment spaces, educational, diagnostic, research and laboratory tools, educational, research, health and treatment programs and courses, process of teaching and learning, evaluation and assessment, alumni, and patients satisfaction. Data were collected using observation, interviews, questionnaires, and checklists. Results: Results of the study were mainly qualitative and in some cases quantitative, based on defined optimal situation. The total mean of qualitative results of educational evaluation of dentistry school in all 13 fields was 55.98% which is relatively desirable. In the case of quantitative ones, results of some fields such as treatment quality of patients and education and learning of the students were relatively desirable (61.32% and 60.16% respectively). Conclusion: According to the results, educational goals and missions, educational and research facilities and spaces which were identified as the weakest areas need to be considered and paid more serious attention. PMID:22013466

Farzianpour, Fereshteh; Monzavi, Abbas; Yassini, Esmaeil

2011-01-01

477

The relationship between cultural intelligence and social compatibility in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences dormitories resident students  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Cultural intelligence and social compatibility are two acquired processes that their education and reinforcement between dormitory's students who have inter cultural interactions with each other can conclude with results that tension diminution, inter cultural contrast and conflict, social divisions and consequently healthy and peaceful relationships and governance and finally mental peace, and health are of its most important. Hence, the research has been occurring in order to the determination of cultural intelligence relationship with the social compatibility of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences dormitories resident students in 2012. Materials and Methods: The research method is descriptive-correlation, and its population is composed of all Isfahan University of Medical Sciences dormitories resident students in 2012 that were totally 2500 persons. The two steps sampling method have been used, group sampling and random sampling has been occurring at first and second steps and totally 447 persons were selected. Research data were collected via Earley and Ang cultural intelligence questionnaire with 0.76 Cronbach's alpha Coefficient and California social compatibility standard questionnaire with higher than 0.70 Cronbach's alpha factor. Questionnaire data have been analyzed with the SPSS software and results have been presented in the shape of descriptions and statistics. Findings: Results showed that there is a direct significant relationship (P < 0.001) between cultural intelligence and the social adjustment in students living in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences dormitories and also there is a direct significant relationship in the level of (P < 0.05) between cognitive and motivational dimensions of cultural intelligence; however, there is no significant relationship between cognitive and behavioral dimensions of cultural intelligence and social adjustment (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Cultural intelligence and cognitive and motivational addition in dimensions of students living in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences dormitories increase their social integration, therefore, cultural intelligence and social adjustment of students can be increased through planning and we can try for their mental health by this way. PMID:25250366

Keyvanara, Mahmoud; Yarmohammadian, Mohammad Hossein; Soltani, Batoul

2014-01-01

478

An informatics framework for the standardized collection and analysis of medication data in networked research.  

PubMed

Medication exposure is an important variable in virtually all clinical research, yet there is great variation in how the data are collected, coded, and analyzed. Coding and classification systems for medication data are heterogeneous in structure, and there is little guidance for implementing them, especially in large research networks and multi-site trials. Current practices for handling medication data in clinical trials have emerged from the requirements and limitations of paper-based data collection, but there are now many electronic tools to enable the collection and analysis of medication data. This paper reviews approaches to coding medication data in multi-site research contexts, and proposes a framework for the classification, reporting, and analysis of medication data. The framework can be used to develop tools for classifying medications in coded data sets to support context appropriate, explicit, and reproducible data analyses by researchers and secondary users in virtually all clinical research domains. PMID:24434192

Richesson, Rachel L

2014-12-01

479

Physical Sciences Research Priorities and Plans in OBPR  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents viewgraphs of physical sciences research priorities and plans at the Office of Biological and Physical Sciences Research (OBPR). The topics include: 1) Sixth Microgravity Fluid Physics and Transport Phenomena Conference; 2) Beneficial Characteristics of the Space Environment; 3) Windows of Opportunity for Research Derived from Microgravity; 4) Physical Sciences Research Program; 5) Fundamental Research: Space-based Results and Ground-based Applications; 6) Nonlinear Oscillations; and 7) Fundamental Research: Applications to Mission-Oriented Research.

Trinh, Eugene

2002-01-01

480

The "Turning Point" for Minority Pre-Meds: The Effect of Early Undergraduate Experience in the Sciences on Aspirations to Enter Medical School of Minority Students at UC Berkeley and Stanford University. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.20.08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of California faces the challenge of increasing the diversity of students graduating from its medical schools while also adhering to mandated restrictions on the use of race or ethnicity in the admissions process. Students from diverse backgrounds who gain admission as undergraduates to UC Berkeley and express an early interest in a…

Barr, Donald A.; Matsui, John

2008-01-01

481

75 FR 6401 - Medical Devices Regulated by the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research; Availability of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. FDA-2009-M-0513] Medical Devices Regulated by the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research; Availability of Summaries...for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER). This list is intended...for Biologics Evaluation and Research (HFM-17), Food and...

2010-02-09

482

Remote Sensing Information Sciences Research Group: Santa Barbara Information Sciences Research Group, year 4  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information Sciences Research Group (ISRG) research continues to focus on improving the type, quantity, and quality of information which can be derived from remotely sensed data. Particular focus in on the needs of the remote sensing research and application science community which will be served by the Earth Observing System (EOS) and Space Station, including associated polar and co-orbiting platforms. The areas of georeferenced information systems, machine assisted information extraction from image data, artificial intelligence and both natural and cultural vegetation analysis and modeling research will be expanded.

Estes, John E.; Smith, Terence; Star, Jeffrey L.

1987-01-01

483

Basic Science Research and the Protection of Human Research Participants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technological advances in basic biological research have been instrumental in recent biomedical discoveries, such as in the understanding and treatment of cancer, HIV/AIDS, and heart disease. However, many of these advances also raise several new ethical challenges. For example, genetic research may pose no physical risk beyond that of obtaining the initial blood sample, yet it can pose significant psychological and economic risks to research participants, such as stigmatization, discrimination in insurance and employment, invasion of privacy, or breach of confidentiality. These harms may occur even when investigators do not directly interact with the person whose DNA they are studying. Moreover, this type of basic research also raises broader questions, such as what is the definition of a human subject, and what kinds of expertise do Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) need to review the increasingly diverse types of research made possible by these advances in technology. The National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC), a presidentially appointed federal advisory committee, has addressed these and other ethical, scientific and policy issues that arise in basic science research involving human participants. Two of its six reports, in particular, have proposed recommendations in this regard. "Research Involving Human Biological Materials: Ethical and Policy Guidance" addresses the basic research use of human tissues, cells and DNA and the protection of human participants in this type of research. In "Ethical and Policy Issues in the Oversight of Human Research" NBAC proposes a definition of research involving human participants that would apply to all scientific disciplines, including physical, biological, and social sciences, as well as the humanities and related professions, such as business and law. Both of these reports make it clear that the protection of research participants is key to conducting ethically sound research. By ensuring that all participants in research are protected and by educating everyone involved in research with human participants, including the public, investigators, IRB members, institutions, and federal agencies, NBAC’s goal is to develop guidelines by which important basic research can proceed while making sure that the rights and welfare of human research participants are not compromised.

Eiseman, Elisa

2001-03-01

484

[Challenges in the context of medical care during a naval research expedition. A case report].  

PubMed

Exploration for natural resources in the seabed of the Indian Ocean was undertaken by the German government institution of earth sciences and resources ("Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe", BGR) in November 2012. To provide for the medical safety of crew and scientists, a cooperation between the BGR and the trauma department of the Hannover Medical School was established. Research by physicians accompanying the naval expedition revealed that medical consultations mainly occur because of respiratory infections, abdominal discomfort, genitourinary discomfort and seasickness, with the rate of traumas being between 31% and 41%. Di Giovanna et al. stated that 97% of all emergencies on cruise ships are not critical and only 3% need an immediate emergency medical intervention. Consultations were already performed on the mainland prior to departure and included minor traumas due to non-appropriate footwear, otitis and respiratory infections. Seasickness was the main reason for consultation during the first days at sea. Strong seas resulted in some bruises. Minor injuries and foreign body injuries to the hands and feet also required consultation. First-degree sunburns resulted from exposure to the sun, while air-conditioning caused rhinosinusitis and conjunctivitis. A special consultation was a buccal splitting of tooth 36. An immediate emergency medical intervention was not necessary due to the relative low level of pain for the patient; however, due to the risk of further damage caused by nocturnal bruxism, a protective splint was formed using a small syringe. Other reasons for consultation were similar to those reported in the general literature. Medical activities at exotic locations may create the vision of a holiday character at first; however, intensive planning and preparation are needed. We recommend contacting police, customs, the federal institute for drugs and medical devices as well as the labour inspectorate, preferably in both the originating country and the destination, to prepare custom formalities and to obtain formal documents and approvals beforehand. It is advisable to be prepared not only for emergency situations, but also for general medical and dental problems. Improvisation in the treatment of special health problems is an unavoidable requisite. PMID:24723059

Schröter, C; Schwarz-Schampera, U; Mommsen, P; Krettek, C

2014-05-01

485

POLITICAL SCIENCE RESEARCH HONORS TRACK Bachelor of Arts with Honors in Political Science  

E-print Network

1 POLITICAL SCIENCE RESEARCH HONORS TRACK Bachelor of Arts with Honors in Political Science MAJOR of the Stanford Political Science faculty or from a teaching assistant in a Political Science course. 4. Personal statement answering the following questions: a. Why do you want to major in the Political Science Research

Straight, Aaron

486

NASA Science Mission Directorate Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES) -2006  

E-print Network

NASA Science Mission Directorate Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES) - 2006) (formerly REASoN) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), through its Earth Science Data Systems, supports the NASA Earth Science research community in providing Earth science data products

Christian, Eric

487

Trends of Science Education Research: An Automatic Content Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used scientometric methods to conduct an automatic content analysis on the development trends of science education\\u000a research from the published articles in the four journals of International Journal of Science Education, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Research in Science Education, and\\u000a Science Education from 1990 to 2007. The multi-stage clustering technique was employed to investigate with what

Yueh-Hsia Chang; Chun-Yen Chang; Yuen-Hsien Tseng

2010-01-01

488

Symposium 'methodology in medical education research' organised by the Methodology in Medical Education Research Committee of the German Society of Medical Education May, 25th to 26th 2013 at Charité, Berlin  

PubMed Central

In 2013, the Methodology in Medical Education Research Committee ran a symposium on “Research in Medical Education” as part of its ongoing faculty development activities. The symposium aimed to introduce to participants educational research methods with a specific focus on research in medical education. Thirty-five participants were able to choose from workshops covering qualitative methods, quantitative methods and scientific writing throughout the one and a half days. The symposium’s evaluation showed participant satisfaction with the format as well as suggestions for future improvement. Consequently, the committee will offer the symposium again in a modified form in proximity to the next annual Congress of the German Society of Medical Education.

Schüttpelz-Brauns, Katrin; Kiessling, Claudia; Ahlers, Olaf; Hautz, Wolf E.

2015-01-01

489

KL2/Catalyst Medical Research Investigator Training (CMeRIT) Request for Applications (RFA)  

E-print Network

KL2/Catalyst Medical Research Investigator Training (CMeRIT) Request for Applications (RFA) Due Medical Research Investigator Training (CMeRIT) award provides two years of salary support at 50 Harvard Catalyst will be tuition-free. Each awardee will also receive a small research support funding

Church, George M.

490

Beyond BMI: The value of more accurate measures of fatness and obesity in social science research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtually all social science research related to obesity studies a person's body mass index (BMI). Yet there is wide agreement in the medical literature that BMI is seriously flawed because it does not distinguish fat from fat-free mass such as muscle and bone. This paper studies data that include multiple measures of fatness and finds that many important patterns, such

Richard V. Burkhauser; John Cawley

2008-01-01

491

Beyond BMI: The Value of More Accurate Measures of Fatness and Obesity in Social Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtually all social science research related to obesity uses body mass index (BMI), usually calculated using self-reported values of weight and height, or clinical weight classifications based on BMI. Yet there is wide agreement in the medical literature that such measures are seriously flawed because they do not distinguish fat from fat-free mass such as muscle and bone. Here we

John Cawley; Richard V. Burkhauser

2006-01-01

492

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

and Immunology Epidemiology of cancer Cellular, molecular and genetics of cancer Cancer metastasis Tumour and molecular targeted therapy of human cancers Cancer services framework and policy User perspectiveFaculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care The Science of Cancer Module

Doran, Simon J.

493

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with AAS Radiologic Technology) -  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences ­ Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with AAS Radiologic Technology) - Bachelor of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-RTAS] Regional College to the Major: [62 Credit Hours] Note: Students must have earned an AAS degree in Radiologic Technology (38

Sheridan, Scott

494

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with AAS Radiologic Technology) -  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences ­ Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with AAS Radiologic Technology) - Bachelor of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-RTAS] Regional College Hours] Note: Students must have earned an AAS degree in Radiologic Technology (38 semester credits from

Sheridan, Scott

495

What Research Says to the Science Teacher, Volume 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume was conceived as a review of basic research in science education and as a discussion of what the research findings mean for K-12 science teachers. The eight reports presented represent different dimensions of science education. Each provides a review of a given dimension and/or a goal of science teaching and suggests ways that current…

Yager, Robert E., Ed.

496

Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and Interpretive Research in Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and the derivative notions of interdeterminacy, uncertainty, precision, and observer-observed interaction are discussed and their applications to social science research examined. Implications are drawn for research in science education. (PR)

Roth, Wolff-Michael

1993-01-01

497

A CYCLOTRON CONCEPT TO SUPPORT ISOTOPE PRODUCTION FOR SCIENCE AND MEDICAL APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

In August of 2009, the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) recommended a variable-energy, high-current multi-particle accelerator for the production of medical radioisotopes. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory is developing a technical concept for a 70 MeV dual-extraction multi-particle cyclotron that will meet the needs identified in the NSAC report. The cyclotron, which will be located at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF), will operate on a 24/7 basis and will provide approximately 6000 hours per year of quality beam time for both the production R&D and production of medical and industrial radioisotopes. The proposed cyclotron will be capable of accelerating dual beams of 30 to 70 MeV H at up to 750 A, and up to 50 A of 15-35 MeV D , 35 MeV H2, and 70 MeV -particles. In dual-extraction H mode, a total of 750 A of 70 MeV protons will be provided simultaneously to both HRIBF and Isotope Production Facility. The isotope facility will consist of two target stations: a 2 water-cooled station and a 4 water-cooled high-energy-beam research station. The multi-particle capability and high beam power will enable research into new regimes of accelerator-produced radioisotopes, such as 225Ac, 211At, 68Ge, and 7B. The capabilities of the accelerator will enable the measurement of excitation functions, thick target yield measurements, research in high-power-target design, and will support fundamental research in nuclear and radiochemistry.

Egle, Brian [ORNL] [ORNL; Mirzadeh, Saed [ORNL] [ORNL; Tatum, B Alan [ORNL] [ORNL; Varma, Venugopal Koikal [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Bradley, Eric Craig [ORNL] [ORNL; Burgess, Thomas W [ORNL] [ORNL; Aaron, W Scott [ORNL] [ORNL; Binder, Jeffrey L [ORNL] [ORNL; Beene, James R [ORNL] [ORNL; Saltmarsh, Michael John [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01

498

Successfully accelerating translational research at an academic medical center: The University of Michigan-Coulter Translational Research Partnership Program.  

PubMed Central

Translational research encompasses the effective movement of new knowledge and discoveries into new approaches for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. There are many roadblocks to successful bench to bedside research, but few have received as much recent attention as the “valley of death”. The valley of death refers to the lack of funding and support for research that moves basic science discoveries into diagnostics, devices, and treatments in humans, and is ascribed to be the result of companies unwilling to fund research development that may not result in a drug or device that will be utilized in the clinic and conversely, the fact that researchers have no access to the funding needed to carry out preclinical and early clinical development to demonstrate potential efficacy in humans. The valley of death also exists because bridging the translational gap is dependent on successfully managing an additional four risks: Scientific, Intellectual Property, Market, and Regulatory. The University of Michigan (UM) has partnered with the Wallace H. Coulter Foundation (CF) to create a model providing an infrastructure to overcome these risks. This model is easily adoptable to other academic medical centers. PMID:21167009

Pienta, Kenneth J.

2010-01-01

499

Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science (RIACS) carries out basic research and technology development in computer science, in support of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's missions. RIACS is located at the NASA Ames Research Center. It currently operates under a multiple year grant/cooperative agreement that began on October 1, 1997 and is up for renewal in the year 2002. Ames has been designated NASA's Center of Excellence in Information Technology. In this capacity, Ames is charged with the responsibility to build an Information Technology Research Program that is preeminent within NASA. RIACS serves as a bridge between NASA Ames and the academic community, and RIACS scientists and visitors work in close collaboration with NASA scientists. RIACS has the additional goal of broadening the base of researchers in these areas of importance to the nation's space and aeronautics enterprises. RIACS research focuses on the three cornerstones of information technology research necessary to meet the future challenges of NASA missions: (1) Automated Reasoning for Autonomous Systems. Techniques are being developed enabling spacecraft that will be self-guiding and self-correcting to the extent that they will require little or no human intervention. Such craft will be equipped to independently solve problems as they arise, a