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1

Research in medical education: balancing service and science.  

PubMed

Since the latter part of the 1990's, the English-speaking medical education community has been engaged in a debate concerning the types of research that should have priority. To shed light on this debate and to better understand its implications for the practice of research, 23 semi-structured interviews were conducted with "influential figures" from the community. The results were analyzed using the concept of "field" developed by the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. The results reveal that a large majority of these influential figures believe that research in medical education continues to be of insufficient quality despite the progress that has taken place over the past 2 decades. According to this group, studies tend to be both redundant and opportunistic, and researchers tend to have limited understanding of both theory and methodological practice from the social sciences. Three factors were identified by the participants to explain the current problems in research: the working conditions of researchers, budgetary restraints in financing research in medical education, and the conception of research in the medical environment. Two principal means for improving research are presented: intensifying collaboration between PhD's and clinicians, and encouraging the diversification of perspectives brought to bear on research in medical education. PMID:17033879

Albert, Mathieu; Hodges, Brian; Regehr, Glenn

2007-02-01

2

The future of pure medical science: The need for a new specialist professional research system  

E-print Network

probability of validity. Applied medical science is, therefore, a social system of communications to existing world-class applied medical research institutions. However, the pure medical science system would medical science would be the applied medical scientists, who need radical strategies to solve problems

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

3

HFE Briefing: Prepared by Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust and supported by the Association of Medical Research Charities  

E-print Network

it keeps apace with scientific and medical developments in the field whilst maintaining public confidenceHFE Briefing: Prepared by Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust and supported by the Association of Medical Research Charities Page 1 Human Fertilisation

Rambaut, Andrew

4

European Science Foundation Standing Committee for the European Medical Research Councils (EMRC)  

E-print Network

with the medical field has offered interesting opportunities for researchers to evaluate ideas in a real with medical problems, were successfully applied by computer scientists to other fields. Examples includeEuropean Science Foundation Standing Committee for the European Medical Research Councils (EMRC

Lucas, Peter

5

Trend of Knowledge Production of Research Centers in the Field of Medical Sciences in Iran  

PubMed Central

Establishment of medical research centers at universities and health-related organizations and annually evaluation of their research activities was one of the strategic policies which followed by governmental organization in last decade in order to strengthening the connections between health research system and health system. The aim of this study is to scrutinize the role of medical research centers in medical science production in Iran. This study is a cross sectional which has been performed based on existing reports on national scientometrics and evaluation results of research performance of medical research centers between years 2001 to 2010. During last decade number of medical research centers increased from 53 in 2001 to 359 in 2010. Simultaneous scientific output of medical research centers has been increased especially articles indexed in ISI (web of science). Proper policy implementation in the field of health research system during last decades led to improving capacity building and growth knowledge production of medical science in recent years in Iran. The process embedding research into the health systems requires planning up until research products improves health outcomes and health equity in country. PMID:23865017

Falahat, K; Eftekhari, MB; Habibi, E; Djalalinia, Sh; Peykari, N; Owlia, P; Malekafzali, H; Ghanei, M; Mojarrab, Sh

2013-01-01

6

Trend of knowledge production of research centers in the field of medical sciences in iran.  

PubMed

Establishment of medical research centers at universities and health-related organizations and annually evaluation of their research activities was one of the strategic policies which followed by governmental organization in last decade in order to strengthening the connections between health research system and health system. The aim of this study is to scrutinize the role of medical research centers in medical science production in Iran. This study is a cross sectional which has been performed based on existing reports on national scientometrics and evaluation results of research performance of medical research centers between years 2001 to 2010. During last decade number of medical research centers increased from 53 in 2001 to 359 in 2010. Simultaneous scientific output of medical research centers has been increased especially articles indexed in ISI (web of science). Proper policy implementation in the field of health research system during last decades led to improving capacity building and growth knowledge production of medical science in recent years in Iran. The process embedding research into the health systems requires planning up until research products improves health outcomes and health equity in country. PMID:23865017

Falahat, K; Eftekhari, Mb; Habibi, E; Djalalinia, Sh; Peykari, N; Owlia, P; Malekafzali, H; Ghanei, M; Mojarrab, Sh

2013-01-01

7

Interconnections of basic science research and product development in medical device design.  

PubMed

The relationship between basic science research and product design/development are intertwined. This paper explores the definition of basic science and design as it relates to medical device development. It is intended to serve as a reference for both researchers and device developers to assist in trans-disciplinary collaborative efforts in improving patient care as each are of equal importance. The definition of a medical device is broad and varied. This paper is aimed towards those devices which interact with tissue and are rooted in the tenets of science. Both the scientific method and the design process are compared with similarities and opposites identified. The paper concludes identifying fundamental principles of medical device development and highlights the importance of both entities. PMID:19964135

Privitera, Mary Beth; Design, M; Johnson, Jeffrey

2009-01-01

8

An international basic science and clinical research summer program for medical students.  

PubMed

An important part of training the next generation of physicians is ensuring that they are exposed to the integral role that research plays in improving medical treatment. However, medical students often do not have sufficient time to be trained to carry out any projects in biomedical and clinical research. Many medical students also fail to understand and grasp translational research as an important concept today. In addition, since medical training is often an international affair whereby a medical student/resident/fellow will likely train in many different countries during his/her early training years, it is important to provide a learning environment whereby a young medical student experiences the unique challenges and value of an international educational experience. This article describes a program that bridges the gap between the basic and clinical research concepts in a unique international educational experience. After completing two semester curricula at Alfaisal University in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, six medical students undertook a summer program at St. Boniface Hospital Research Centre, in Winnipeg, MB, Canada. The program lasted for 2 mo and addressed advanced training in basic science research topics in medicine such as cell isolation, functional assessment, and molecular techniques of analysis and manipulation as well as sessions on the conduct of clinical research trials, ethics, and intellectual property management. Programs such as these are essential to provide a base from which medical students can decide if research is an attractive career choice for them during their clinical practice in subsequent years. An innovative international summer research course for medical students is necessary to cater to the needs of the medical students in the 21st century. PMID:22383409

Ramjiawan, Bram; Pierce, Grant N; Anindo, Mohammad Iffat Kabir; Alkukhun, Abedalrazaq; Alshammari, Abdullah; Chamsi, Ahmad Talal; Abousaleh, Mohannad; Alkhani, Anas; Ganguly, Pallab K

2012-03-01

9

[Motivation of young academics for medical research. Position of the German Council of Science and Humanities].  

PubMed

Research needs innovative ideas, time for design, performance and discussion of projects, and freedom in the daily routine. Integrating the individual working concepts in the given profile of the university hospital and the national research system requires a suitable institutional framework and individual academic mentoring. German university medicine is shaped by a steep hierarchy and high economic pressure - factors that are justified by the medical care system, but which are counterproductive in research. There is a lack of scientific education, time, incentives, and adequate infrastructure - conditions which do not motivate for a scientific career. The increasing interdisciplinary cooperation between medicine and natural sciences, however, has had a positive impact on medical research. Wissenschaftsrat (German Council of Science and Humanities) and DFG (German Research Foundation) analyzed German university medicine and published forward-looking recommendations, which emphasize that university hospitals have to be structurally adjusted to satisfy the needs of medical research and education. Only after the implementation of the recommendations can it be assessed whether the proposed changes solve the designated problems. PMID:19629411

Beisiegel, U

2009-08-01

10

Clinical and translational research capacity building needs in minority medical and health science Hispanic institutions.  

PubMed

A preliminary needs assessment was conducted among faculty and students of three minority medical and health science institutions comprising the Puerto Rico Clinical and Translational Research Consortium (PRCTRC). The Web-based survey was focused on evaluating the training interests in the clinical and translational research core areas and competencies developed by the National Institutes of Health-Clinical and Translational Sciences Award. The survey was the result of a team effort of three PRCTRC key function's leaderships: Multidisciplinary Training and Career Development, Tracking and Evaluation and Community Research and Engagement. The questionnaire included 45 items distributed across five content areas including demographics, research training needs, training activities coordination and knowledge about the services offered by the PRCTRC. Analysis of research needs includes a sample distribution according to professor, assistant/associate professor and graduate students. The thematic area with highest response rate among the three groups was: "Identify major clinical/public health problems and relevant translational research questions," with the competency "Identify basic and preclinical studies that are potential testable clinical research hypothesis." These preliminary results will guide the training and professional development of the new generation of clinical and translational researchers needed to eliminate health disparities. PMID:24841800

Estapé-Garrastazu, Estela S; Noboa-Ramos, Carlamarie; De Jesús-Ojeda, Lizbelle; De Pedro-Serbiá, Zulmarie; Acosta-Pérez, Edna; Camacho-Feliciano, Delia M

2014-10-01

11

The Analysis of Health Research System Evaluation in Medical Sciences Universities  

PubMed Central

Background: Based on Iran by 2025 defined vision, we must to receive the first grade of science position in south western Asian region. Thus we need to have a comprehensive evaluation program. Methods: A comprehensive WHO Health Research System Analysis (HRSA)- based evaluation system was developed to evaluate the HRS in Iran. This article has explored the results of the five-year evaluation (2003–2008) and aims to introduce this method to other developing countries. Here we explore the results of research performance evaluation from 2002 to 2010 and by comparing the results with previous available information, we reveal the probable role of this method in research promotion and proposed approach to facilitate and expedite achieving the prospects for goals of health research based on the visions of Iran by 2025. Results: All of the indicators of stewardship and capacity building axes are received to their predefined levels. Moreover all of the medical science university research policies are based on their strategic plannings which are extracted from national visions of Iran by 2025. Most of the predefined goals in knowledge production domain had a significant grow trend but for more growth for commitments they should be closely follow. Conclusion: We developed an HRS-based comprehensive evaluation program to our national vision as well as our regional and international research competition. PMID:23865018

Djalalinia, Sh; Peykari, N; Owlia, P; Eftekhari, M Baradaran; Habibi, E; Falahat, K; Mojarrab, Sh; Malekafzali, H; Ghanei, M

2013-01-01

12

Briefing on the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill prepared by the Academy of Medical Sciences, the Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust, and supported by the Association of Medical  

E-print Network

and Embryology Act (the Act), ensuring it keeps pace with scientific and medical developments in the field whilstBriefing on the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Bill prepared by the Academy of Medical Sciences, the Medical Research Council, Royal Society and Wellcome Trust, and supported by the Association of Medical

Rambaut, Andrew

13

An International Basic Science and Clinical Research Summer Program for Medical Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important part of training the next generation of physicians is ensuring that they are exposed to the integral role that research plays in improving medical treatment. However, medical students often do not have sufficient time to be trained to carry out any projects in biomedical and clinical research. Many medical students also fail to…

Ramjiawan, Bram; Pierce, Grant N.; Anindo, Mohammad Iffat Kabir; AlKukhun, Abedalrazaq; Alshammari, Abdullah; Chamsi, Ahmad Talal; Abousaleh, Mohannad; Alkhani, Anas; Ganguly, Pallab K.

2012-01-01

14

Molecules, magic and forgetful fruit flies: the supernatural science of medical gas research  

PubMed Central

Medical gas research often involves the study of molecules under extraphysiologic conditions, that is, conditions that do not exist in nature. This "supernatural" nature of medical gas research sometimes produces results that appear to be almost "magic" to those schooled in traditional physiology "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic". -Arthur C. Clarke PMID:22146602

2011-01-01

15

National Institute of General Medical Sciences  

MedlinePLUS

... Over Navigation Links National Institute of General Medical Sciences Site Map Staff Search My Order Search the ... NIGMS Website Research Funding Research Training News & Meetings Science Education About NIGMS Feature Slides View All Slides ...

16

Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Agricultural Research Service Science Education Collaborative (ARSC), a project aimed at making the U.S. Department of Agriculture's research labs more accessible to the educational community and encouraging students to consider careers in science. Presents a case study of a teacher in the project and discusses the impacts of the…

James, Robert K.; And Others

1997-01-01

17

For more than 60 years, the Medical Research Foundation of Oregon has been an indispensable partner of Oregon's health and science community.  

E-print Network

For more than 60 years, the Medical Research Foundation of Oregon has been an indispensable partner of Oregon's health and science community. The MRF's research grant program has supported some of Oregon-focused funding been so vital to the future of Oregon medical science. Traditional federal agencies

Chapman, Michael S.

18

[Modern medical science and Military Medical Academy].  

PubMed

The article presents the information about the main directions of scientific investigations of Military Medical Academy and their results during the period of 1999-2000. The scientific work was conducted in conformity with demands of orders and directives of RF Ministry of Defense. 12 integrated scientific problems were formed in the annual plans of the Academy's research work. Together with traditional directions the new ones connected with the experience of troops medical support during the armed conflicts, liquidation of consequences of extreme situations, participation of military contingents in peace-making operations were developed. The complex clinical investigations of specific features of combat pathology due to firearms used by the enemy during the military operations in Afghanistan and in the Northern Caucasus are going on. In the most of clinical departments the problems of etiology, pathogenesis and treatment of servicemen' diseases under peacetime conditions are the main directions of scientific investigations. Every year the Academy's rationalizers and inventors produce 60-70 inventions and more than 500 rationalization proposals. Since 1995 the Academy publishes the journal "Clinical medicine and pathophysiology" and since 1999--"Bulletin of Russian Military Medical Academy". The Academy's scientific potential comprises 194 professors, 295 associate professors, 349 Doctors and 894 Candidates of Science, 20 Honoured Scientists of RF, 57 members and corresponding members of academies (Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and other social academies). PMID:16259295

Ga?dar, B V; Lobzin, Iu V; Chursin, I G; Tsygan, V N

2005-08-01

19

Space Station medical sciences concepts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Current life sciences concepts relating to Space Station are presented including the following: research, extravehicular activity, biobehavioral considerations, medical care, maintenance of dental health, maintaining health through physical conditioning and countermeasures, protection from radiation, atmospheric contamination control, atmospheric composition, noise pollution, food supply and service, clothing and furnishings, and educational program possibilities. Information on the current status of Soviet Space Stations is contained.

Mason, J. A. (editor); Johnson, P. C., Jr. (editor)

1984-01-01

20

The medical sciences in Czechoslovakia  

SciTech Connect

According to Science Citation Index, the Czechoslovak medical sciences contributed about 1.2% of the world medical knowledge pool in the 1960s. This contribution decreased to about 0.6% in the 1980s. The reasons for this decline are many and varied, such as the suppression of certain fields of scientific research by the Communist government and the degradation of the position of scientists in society, four major waves of emigration since 1938, and the compartmentalization of science into three separate branches (universities, ministerial research institutes, and Academy of Scinece institutes). Contemporary efforts to ameliorate the situation include setting up grant-giving agencies to distribute research funds on a competitive basis and the coordination of agencies promoting medical research in the Czech and Slovak Republics. The future of Czech and Slovak Medical sciencies requires international collaboration, slimming the number of scientists,' increased sending of young scientists abroad while waiting for greater economic prosperity, privatization of medical care, and efforts to minimize brain drain.' Correcting the consequences of 40 years of a totalitarian communist regime will be painful and difficult.

Schreiber, V. (Charles Univ., Prague (Czechoslovakia))

1993-01-01

21

The reincarnation of a biomedical researcher: from bench science to medical education.  

PubMed

After 33 years as a biomedical research scientist, I embarked on a new career in medical education. The transformation was awkward, difficult and exciting. Although I had assumed that previous experience in research and scholarship would stand me in good stead, such was hardly the case. I had to learn to navigate a strange new literature, replete with terms that I did not understand, and to deal with concepts that challenged my physico-chemical mindset. As I learned, I found myself discovering a field rich in essential questions, controversial hypotheses, and important potential applications. With my newly acquired knowledge and skills, I began to reflect on my own educational endeavors. I identified a number of outstanding issues and I designed studies to address them. What made these investigations particularly significant for me was their applicability. Although medical education is an exciting and meaningful career path, because of its low profile in most medical schools, few faculty are aware of the academic opportunities that it affords. PMID:18278657

Brawer, James R

2008-02-01

22

Programme science research on medical male circumcision scale-up in sub-Saharan Africa.  

PubMed

Three randomised trials demonstrate that voluntary medical male circumcision (MMC) reduces male HIV acquisition by 50-60%, and post-trial surveillance has shown that the effects are long lasting. Scale-up of services has been initiated in 14 high-priority sub-Saharan African countries with high rates of HIV and low prevalence of MMC. However, circumcision coverage in the region remains low. Challenges to MMC rollout include suboptimal demand among higher-risk men, the need to expand access and reduce costs of MMC through personnel task shifting and task sharing, assuring and maintaining a high quality of service provision, and the testing and introduction of non-surgical devices. In addition, early infant male circumcision has not been adequately evaluated in Africa. Here, we describe challenges to implementation and discuss the ongoing and future role of implementation and programme science in addressing such challenges. PMID:23698513

Gray, Ronald H; Wawer, Maria J; Kigozi, Godfrey

2013-08-01

23

[Medical research at Norwegian universities].  

PubMed

This study shows that Norwegian medical research suffers from lack of both public funds and recruitment, as well as being affected by the following major factors. Norway uses less of its GNP on R&D than other Western countries and less than the OECD average. Medical research in particular receives less financial support than in any of the other Nordic countries. Norwegian medical researchers publish less material and are cited less often than their colleagues in comparable countries. More than half of the medically trained scientific staff in Norway's four medical faculties will retire during the next decade and today there are many vacant positions in academic medicine because there are not enough competent applicants to fill them. The percentage of M.D.s among professors and lecturers has fallen, and a continued decline in preclinical and laboratory medicine and in public health is predicted. This percentage has also decreased among Ph.D. students, while the age at which medical doctors dissertate has increased and is higher than for other Ph.D.s. The number of medical students doing research has fallen in recent years, and the number of doctoral theses has not increased as much in medicine as in other fields. There are significant differences between the salaries paid in medical science and those paid in clinical medicine. Lack of resources and low salaries keep doctors from pursuing a career in academic medicine. In conclusion, if Norway is to be visible in the field of international medical science, this negative trend must be reversed and medical research and academic medicine revitalised. PMID:9691802

Røttingen, J A; Thorsby, P; Seem, C; Gautvik, K M

1998-06-10

24

Animal Testing Medical Research  

E-print Network

Animal Testing In Medical Research Past, present and future. Marte Thomassen Ellen Trolid Tonje.............................................................................................................................. 2 2. ETHICS IN ANIMAL TESTING Arondsen Marit Gystøl #12;ZO-8091 Forsøksdyrlære Animal experiments in medical research NTNU ­ Norges

Bech, Claus

25

Understanding Medical Research  

MedlinePLUS

... you hear about the results of a new medical research study. Sometimes the results of one study seem to ... when reading or listening to reports of new medical findings. Some questions that can help you evaluate health information include: Was the study in animals or people? Does the study include ...

26

Faculty of Science Medical Physics  

E-print Network

Faculty of Science Medical Physics If you like physics and mathematics, but want a career in the rapidly expanding health sciences, then this honours BSc is for you. www.uwindsor.ca/physics Medical Physics opens the way to exciting new possibilities for career opportunities in the applications

27

77 FR 35989 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2012-06-15

28

77 FR 33471 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2012-06-06

29

78 FR 28601 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-05-15

30

77 FR 10541 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2012-02-22

31

75 FR 7484 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2010-02-19

32

75 FR 76477 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2010-12-08

33

77 FR 62245 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2012-10-12

34

76 FR 10039 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2011-02-23

35

75 FR 35820 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2010-06-23

36

76 FR 71350 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2011-11-17

37

78 FR 35942 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-06-14

38

78 FR 13362 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-02-27

39

78 FR 37557 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-06-21

40

76 FR 10911 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2011-02-28

41

75 FR 42757 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2010-07-22

42

75 FR 8979 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2010-02-26

43

76 FR 68486 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2011-11-04

44

78 FR 11658 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-02-19

45

75 FR 30410 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2010-06-01

46

77 FR 71430 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2012-11-30

47

77 FR 60448 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2012-10-03

48

78 FR 39741 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-07-02

49

76 FR 43334 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meeting...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2011-07-20

50

78 FR 63231 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-10-23

51

77 FR 19678 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2012-04-02

52

75 FR 69090 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2010-11-10

53

78 FR 38997 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-06-28

54

78 FR 13689 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-02-28

55

78 FR 70311 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-11-25

56

77 FR 64812 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2012-10-23

57

77 FR 14407 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2012-03-09

58

78 FR 66370 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-11-05

59

75 FR 55804 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2010-09-14

60

78 FR 66367 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2013-11-05

61

76 FR 14672 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2011-03-17

62

76 FR 6803 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2011-02-08

63

76 FR 10043 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2011-02-23

64

76 FR 7573 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes...Research Support; 93.821, Cell Biology and Biophysics Research;...

2011-02-10

65

76 FR 62083 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel, Review...Biomedical Research Support Behavioral Applications. Date: October...Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of...

2011-10-06

66

77 FR 11562 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Review...Biomedical Research Support Behavioral Applications. Date: March...Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of...

2012-02-27

67

77 FR 69638 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting...Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel, Review...Biomedical Research Support Behavioral Applications. Date: November...Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of...

2012-11-20

68

Study of co-authorship network of papers in the Journal of Research in Medical Sciences using social network analysis  

PubMed Central

Background: Co-authorship is one of the most tangible forms of research collaboration. A co-authorship network is a social network in which the authors through participation in one or more publication through an indirect path have linked to each other. The present research using the social network analysis studied co-authorship network of 681 articles published in Journal of Research in Medical Sciences (JRMS) during 2008-2012. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out with the scientometrics approach and using co-authorship network analysis of authors. The topology of the co-authorship network of 681 published articles in JRMS between 2008 and 2012 was analyzed using macro-level metrics indicators of network analysis such as density, clustering coefficient, components and mean distance. In addition, in order to evaluate the performance of each authors and countries in the network, the micro-level indicators such as degree centrality, closeness centrality and betweenness centrality as well as productivity index were used. The UCINET and NetDraw softwares were used to draw and analyze the co-authorship network of the papers. Results: The assessment of the authors productivity in this journal showed that the first ranks were belonged to only five authors, respectively. Furthermore, analysis of the co-authorship of the authors in the network demonstrated that in the betweenness centrality index, three authors of them had the good position in the network. They can be considered as the network leaders able to control the flow of information in the network compared with the other members based on the shortest paths. On the other hand, the key role of the network according to the productivity and centrality indexes was belonged to Iran, Malaysia and United States of America. Conclusion: Co-authorship network of JRMS has the characteristics of a small world network. In addition, the theory of 6° separation is valid in this network was also true. PMID:24672564

Zare-Farashbandi, Firoozeh; Geraei, Ehsan; Siamaki, Saba

2014-01-01

69

MEDICAL SCIENCE SYLLABUS 2013  

E-print Network

-Head and Neck Surgery 88 Urology 89 Obstetrics and Gynecology 90 Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 91 Medical Infomatics 75 Pharmaceutics 76 System Patho-biology 77 Surgery Gastro-intestinal Surgery 78 Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery 79 Breast Surgery 80 Cardiovascular Surgery 81 Thoracic Surgery 82 Pediatric Surgery 83 Surgery

Banbara, Mutsunori

70

Medical Sciences Division report for 1993  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Medical Sciences Division (MSD) Report is organized to show how programs in our division contribute to the core competencies of Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE). ORISE`s core competencies in education and training, environmental and safety evaluation and analysis, occupational and environmental health, and enabling research support the overall mission of the US Department of Energy (DOE).

Not Available

1993-12-31

71

Medical Research System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Based on Johnson Space Flight Center's development of a rotating bioreactor cell culture apparatus for Space Shuttle medical research, Johnson Space Flight Center engineers who worked on the original project formed a company called Synthecon, with the intention of commercializing the bioreactor technology. Synthecon grows three dimensional tissues in the bioreactor. These are superior to previous two-dimensional tissue samples in the study of human cell growth. A refined version of the Johnson Space Center technology, Synthecon's Rotary Cell Culture System includes a cell culture chamber that rotates around a horizontal axis. The cells establish an orbit that approximates free fall through the liquid medium in the chamber. The technology has significant applications for cancer research and treatment as well as AIDS research.

1993-01-01

72

BioMedical Sciences BioMedical Sciences  

E-print Network

on to medical, dental, veterinary, pharmacy school, biomedical research or employment with pharmaceutical As a Cytotechnologist, you'll use high-tech methodology to study cells within the human body. You will prepare slides

Saldin, Dilano

73

MEDICAL SCIENCE SYLLABUS 2012  

E-print Network

-Head and Neck Surgery 91 Urology 92 Obstetrics and Gynecology 93 Plastic Surgery 94 Anesthesiology Infomatics 79 Pharmaceutics 80 Translational Research for Biologics 81 Surgery Gastro-intestinal Surgery 82 Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery 83 Cardiovascular Surgery 84 Thoracic Surgery 85 Pediatric Surgery 86

Banbara, Mutsunori

74

A Faculty Development Program can result in an improvement of the quality and output in medical education, basic sciences and clinical research and patient care.  

PubMed

The Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany, was founded in 1993 after the reunification of Germany. In 1999, a reform process of medical education was started together with Harvard Medical International.The traditional teacher- and discipline-centred curriculum was displaced by a student-centred, interdisciplinary and integrative curriculum, which has been named Dresden Integrative Patient/Problem-Oriented Learning (DIPOL). The reform process was accompanied and supported by a parallel-ongoing Faculty Development Program. In 2004, a Quality Management Program in medical education was implemented, and in 2005 medical education received DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 certification. Quality Management Program and DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 certification were/are unique for the 34 medical schools in Germany.The students play a very important strategic role in all processes. They are members in all committees like the Faculty Board, the Board of Study Affairs (with equal representation) and the ongoing audits in the Quality Management Program. The Faculty Development program, including a reform in medical education, the establishment of the Quality Management program and the certification, resulted in an improvement of the quality and output of medical education and was accompanied in an improvement of the quality and output of basic sciences and clinical research and interdisciplinary patient care. PMID:19288314

Dieter, Peter Erich

2009-07-01

75

Medical science and social values.  

PubMed

Social Values, no less than medical science, have shaped the medical management of the pain of childbirth. Nineteenth century feminists fought for greater use of anesthesia in obstetrics at a time when physicians held back for fear of its effects on labor, hemorrhage, rates of infection and the condition of the child. A century later, after physicians became comfortable with the use of anesthesia, a new generation of feminists challenged the use of such drugs, once again citing social considerations. The personalities of colorful and charismatic obstetricians such as James Young Simpson and Grantley Dick-Read played a strong part in the outcome of each confrontation. PMID:15321396

Caton, D

2004-07-01

76

Ethics in medical research and publication.  

PubMed

To present the basic principles and standards of Ethics in medical research and publishing, as well as the need for continuing education in the principles and ethics in science and publication in biomedicine. An analysis of relevant materials and documents, sources from the published literature. Investing in education of researches and potential researches, already in the level of medical schools. Educating them on research ethics, what constitutes research misconduct and the seriousness of it repercussion is essential for finding a solution to this problem and ensuring careers are constructed on honesty and integrity. PMID:25317288

Masic, Izet; Hodzic, Ajla; Mulic, Smaila

2014-09-01

77

Ethics in Medical Research and Publication  

PubMed Central

To present the basic principles and standards of Ethics in medical research and publishing, as well as the need for continuing education in the principles and ethics in science and publication in biomedicine. An analysis of relevant materials and documents, sources from the published literature. Investing in education of researches and potential researches, already in the level of medical schools. Educating them on research ethics, what constitutes research misconduct and the seriousness of it repercussion is essential for finding a solution to this problem and ensuring careers are constructed on honesty and integrity. PMID:25317288

Masic, Izet; Hodzic, Ajla; Mulic, Smaila

2014-01-01

78

The Hyper-Commons: how open science prizes can expand and level the medical research playing field.  

PubMed

The largest industry in America is increasingly incapable of serving its customers. Over-fencing of the information commons has led to unaffordable medicine, for want of which millions of Americans and people around the world go without lifesaving treatments. Eliminating patent distribution exclusivity altogether, however, is not feasible, given the entrenched nature of the health-care industry. This paper proposes a program of voluntary Open Science Prizes that would draw large numbers of new players, who would in turn produce much new medical innovation, provide academic priority recognition, and develop a growing body of patent-beating prior art that would serve as public domain firewalls on a new supranational Hyper-Commons. PMID:19119862

Hynek, Paul

2008-12-01

79

Education research Primary Science  

E-print Network

Education research Primary Science Survey Report December 2011 #12;Primary Science Survey Report, Wellcome Trust 1 Background In May 2009 Key Stage 2 science SATs (Standard Assessment Tests) were abolished fiasco might occur, where the results were delayed and their quality questioned. The loss of science SATs

Rambaut, Andrew

80

The Computational Sciences. Research  

E-print Network

The Computational Sciences. Research activities range from the theoretical foundations, financial mathematics, and computational materials physics. Research and teaching in the computational organizations. Although most of this research is performed in four departments: Applied Mathematics, Computer

Christensen, Dan

81

Medical Sciences and Humanities Is Medical Sciences and Humanities right for me?  

E-print Network

will not qualify you to practice in the medical field, it can lead onto further study in medicine or otherMedical Sciences and Humanities Is Medical Sciences and Humanities right for me? If you are interested in Medicine but want to experience it from a different point of view then Medical Sciences

Harman, Neal.A.

82

IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES DISSERTATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE REPORT STUDENT Student: Program: Immunology Dissertation Advisor: Year G.S.A.S.: ADVISORY COMMITTEE: SIGNATURES: 1. Chair: PLEASE RETURN TO PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR: Immunology Program Administrator Modell Center Harvard Medical

Mekalanos, John

83

Medical Research for All Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Medical Research for All Americans Past Issues / Summer 2009 Table of Contents ... improvements to the health and well being of all Americans. Starting on page 10, our special section ...

84

Global Security, Medical Isotopes, and Nuclear Science  

SciTech Connect

Over the past century basic nuclear science research has led to the use of radioactive isotopes into a wide variety of applications that touch our lives everyday. Some are obvious, such as isotopes for medical diagnostics and treatment. Others are less so, such as National/Global security issues. And some we take for granted, like the small amount of 241Am that is in every smoke detector. At the beginning of this century, we are in a position where the prevalence and importance of some applications of nuclear science are pushing the basic nuclear science community for improved models and nuclear data. Yet, at the same time, the push by the basic nuclear science community to study nuclei that are farther and farther away from stability also offer new opportunities for many applications. This talk will look at several global security applications of nuclear science, summarizing current R&D and need for improved nuclear data It will also look at how applications of nuclear science, such as to medicine, will benefit from the push for more and more powerful radioactive ion beam facilities.

Ahle, L E

2007-09-17

85

Five Decades of Discovery: National Institute of General Medical Sciences | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... Decades of Discovery: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Past Issues / Summer 2012 Table of Contents It ... anniversary of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), known to many as NIH's "basic research ...

86

Children in Medical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the changes in policies regarding children in research between 1966 and 2003.The changes reflect a shift in focus from protection to access. The need for protection was brought to light in 1966, with the publication of Henry Beecher's \\

Lainie Friedman Ross

2004-01-01

87

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus  

E-print Network

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus University of Puerto Rico Contact Information School of Pharmacy Offices 263 and Annex Door 424 1st Floor (Plaza Level) and 4th Floor School of Pharmacy Building Medical Sciences Campus San Juan, PR 00931 PO Box 365067 San Juan, PR 00936-5067 Fax: 787

Quirk, Gregory J.

88

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus  

E-print Network

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus University of Puerto Rico Contact Information School of Pharmacy Offices 414 and Annex Door 420 4th Floor School of Pharmacy Building Medical Sciences: 787-754-6995 frances.rodriguez5@upr.edu Rank/Discipline Associate Professor Department of Pharmacy

Quirk, Gregory J.

89

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus  

E-print Network

Faculty School of Pharmacy Medical Sciences Campus University of Puerto Rico Contact Information School of Pharmacy Office 314 and Annex Door 325 3rd Floor School of Pharmacy Building Medical Sciences of medicinal chemistry related to the synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of novel compounds

Quirk, Gregory J.

90

Analyzing Medical Processes Dept. of Computer Science  

E-print Network

problem domains. Medical errors are a major cause of death in our society. A 1999 report from from preventable medical errors. There is am- ple anecdotal evidence that the complexityAnalyzing Medical Processes Bin Chen Dept. of Computer Science University of Massachusetts Amherst

Avrunin, George S.

91

Analyzing Medical Processes Dept. of Computer Science  

E-print Network

technologies to processes in other problem domains. Medical errors are a major cause of death in our society each year in US hospitals from preventable medical errors. There is am- ple anecdotal evidenceAnalyzing Medical Processes Bin Chen Dept. of Computer Science University of Massachusetts Amherst

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

92

Science Mentoring Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has created a website that provides access to their research on science mentoring. The goal of the site is to "provide guidelines and resources for developing high quality research and evaluation studies for science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) career and workforce mentoring. " On the site's homepage, visitors can find links to research on these guidelines, resources for STEM mentoring, and announcements about upcoming awards and funding opportunities. Visitors interested in designing STEM research and evaluation studies should definitely check out the "Research" tab near the top of the page. The first suggestion provided is to review the literature, and they include links to the suggested readings, such as "Mentoring Report" and "Mentoring: Lessons Learned and Research Questions". Links are also provided for the additional steps suggested for designing a study, which may be of interest to those in the field of psychometrics and related fields.

93

Mathematical Sciences Postdoctoral Research Fellowships  

NSF Publications Database

... Research Fellowship and Research Instructorship. Awards will be made for appropriate research in ... research in the mathematical sciences; may not have previously received a Federal research grant ...

94

Resolutions and Regulations V. MEDICAL SCIENCE REGULATIONS  

E-print Network

Resolutions and Regulations Page 2.1 V. MEDICAL SCIENCE REGULATIONS A . Faculty Entrance and at least one other science. If Biology or Mathematics or Physics has not been passed at Higher grade, each Chemistry and at least one other science. If Biology or Mathematics or Physics is not offered at Advanced (A

Brierley, Andrew

95

Integrating Bioinformatics, Medical Sciences and Drug Discovery M. Madan Babu  

E-print Network

Integrating Bioinformatics, Medical Sciences and Drug Discovery M. Madan Babu Centre.com Bioinformatics Bioinformatics, a term coined for the applications of computer science in biology is now emerging as a major element in contemporary biology and biomedical research. There is a paradigm shift in biological

Babu, M. Madan

96

Research at UCC Computer Science Research Activity  

E-print Network

www.ucc.ie Research at UCC Computer Science #12;Research Activity Computer Science has an active and business. Research in Computer Science is driven by a vibrant and growing IT industry and is the key and research laboratories. Computer Science at UCC has played a pivotal role in the economic development

Schellekens, Michel P.

97

The Section on Medical Expert and Knowledge-Based Systems at the Department of Medical Computer Sciences of the University of Vienna Medical School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Section on Medical Expert and Knowledge-Based Systems at the Department of Medical Computer Sciences pursues methodological research in and practical development of knowledge-based computer systems to assist in the decision-making processes for all areas of medical application. Vagueness of medical terms, uncertainty in the co-occurrence of medical entities, and incompleteness in medical theories are well-known characteristics of medical knowledge

Klaus-peter Adlassnig

2001-01-01

98

Microgravity Science Research Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is a transcription of the Microgravity Science Research Panel's discussion about their research and about some of the contributions that they feel have been important to the field during their time with the program. The panel includes Dr. Eugene Trinh, Dr. Lawrence DeLucas, Dr. Charles Bugg, Dr. David Larson, and Dr. Simon Ostrach.

Carpenter, Bradley M.; Trinh, Eugene H.; DeLucas, Lawrence J.; Larson, David; Koss, Matthew; Ostrach, Simon

2000-01-01

99

Human Sciences Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Human Sciences Research Council provides news and research in South African social sciences, including economics, social analysis, education, and governance. The site posts weekly media releases on contemporary topics; recent working papers; and "published findings" on such topics as Children's Rights in South Africa, Human Rights and Democratization, and pending social legislation. (A search engine is provided for these materials, but wasn't accessible when we visited.) The site also gives some annotated links to prime databases for further research on South Africa. Note: the site's book-length publications generally must be ordered online.

100

Research School of Computer Science  

E-print Network

1 Research School of Computer Science Student Handbook #12;2 © The Australian National University 2013 Research School of Computer Science College of Engineering and Computer Science The Australian effectively in the Research School of Computer Science, ANU College of Engineering and Computer Science. Our

Botea, Adi

101

2010 Computer Science | 55 Computer Science Research  

E-print Network

2010 Computer Science | 55 Computer Science Research Groups While individual academics are expert in a particular field of research, the Department as a whole has particular strengths within Computer Science models of computation. Related research subjects include biology, combinatorics, logic, and theoretical

Goodman, James R.

102

Research School of Computer Science  

E-print Network

1 Research School of Computer Science Student Handbook #12;2 © The Australian National University 2012 Research School of Computer Science College of Engineering and Computer Science The Australian effectively in the Research Research School of Computer Science, ANU College of Engineering and Computer

Botea, Adi

103

VIROLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

VIROLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES DISSERTATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE REPORT STUDENT SHOULD: Virology Dissertation Advisor: Year G.S.A.S.: ADVISORY COMMITTEE: SIGNATURES: 1. Chair: 2. 3. 4. Today TO PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR: Virology Program Administrator TMEC-346 Harvard Medical School 617-432-1977 YES

Knipe, David M.

104

IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

IMMUNOLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES ROTATION REGISTRATION FORM TO BE SUBMITTED PRIOR OR PRINT LEGIBLY. STUDENT: DMS PROGRAM AFFILIATION: Immunology Program CURRENT PHONE: CURRENT EMAIL ON IMMUNOLOGY, MODELL CENTER, HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL Grades and credit for rotations will not be assigned unless

Mekalanos, John

105

Where medical science and human behaviour meet.  

PubMed Central

Although we may be wrong about the details, we should try to imagine what the future holds for hospital consultants. The days of the independent consultant in the same post for 30 years are over, and there will be a change from "the" consultant to a few tiers of senior staff. Patients will increasingly demand to see specialists, so more specialists will be needed. As patients and their advocates become better informed the traditional rationing of clinical care to patients in Britain, such as restricting access to specialists, cannot continue. There is a current trend for evidence based health care, but the idea that each element of medical practice can be dictated by systematic evidence based research will prove to be naïve--such research informs practice rather than dictates it. Science will continue to act as the guide to medical practice but specialists will not be turned into a set of logical operators running programs designed by health planners. Images p851-a p852-a PMID:7711626

Rees, J.

1995-01-01

106

Teaching Science through Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the objectives of the science curriculum and the teacher's responsibility of passing through not only the required material, but also skills. Suggests that in order to improve teaching and learning skills, new strategies, such as teaching and learning through research must be utilized. Presents four examples of teaching and learning…

Hugerat, Muhamad; Zidani, Saleem; Kurtam, Naji

2003-01-01

107

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report PIGEONS ARE SENSITIVE TO THE SPATIAL ORGANIZATION OF COMPLEX stimuli hy pigeons. In Exper- iment I, after pigeons had been trained lo discriminate line drawings offour accuracy, but responding remained above chance. In Experiment 2, pigeons reached a high level

Biederman, Irving

108

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article  

E-print Network

of what makes a face attractive is currently the subject of a lively debate. What standards of beauty doPSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article 558 Copyright © 2003 American Psychological Society VOL. 14 people have, and what sets those standards? Traits that contribute to attractiveness include symmetry

Nakayama, Ken

109

Medical research networks--an international comparison.  

PubMed

Medical research networks (MRN) are described as a new approach in fostering science for health. It is described that this approach can be found in several countries and global business companies. MRNs try to maximise use of information technology (IT) for speeding up the long research and transfer process from basic science to patient care. Despite the fact that several countries have funding schemes for this approach, nomenclatures and frameworks vary due to different national conditions. Nevertheless there is a general expectation that MRNs are necessary. However, there long-term impact and efficiency has still to be evaluated. The results of this report are based on a benchmarking study currently underway in Germany. PMID:15061539

Rienhoff, Otto

2003-01-01

110

Cognitive Sciences Program Research Opportunities  

E-print Network

____________________________________________________________ Topic of Research/Project/Readings __________________________________________Cognitive Sciences Program Research Opportunities Students pursuing undergraduate degrees in cognitive science are encouraged to engage in research related activities at some point during their time

Indiana University

111

Medical Computing Science at the University of Aberdeen  

E-print Network

Medical Computing Science at the University of Aberdeen Department of Computing Science, and The Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences University of Aberdeen 26/10/00 Summary Computers are currently is to offer a course in medical computing science at the undergraduate level. The course, called Medical

Lucas, Peter

112

Ghosts in the machine: publication planning in the medical sciences.  

PubMed

Publication of pharmaceutical company-sponsored research in medical journals, and its presentation at conferences and meetings, is mostly governed by 'publication plans' that extract the maximum amount of scientific and commercial value out of data and analyses through carefully constructed and placed papers. Clinical research is typically performed by contract research organizations, analyzed by company statisticians, written up by independent medical writers, approved and edited by academic researchers who then serve as authors, and the whole process organized and shepherded through to journal publication by publication planners. This paper reports on a conference of an international association of publication planners. It describes and analyzes their work in an ecological framework that relates it to marketing departments of pharmaceutical companies, medical journals and publishers, academic authors, and potential audiences. The medical research described here forms a new kind of corporate science, designed to look like traditional academic work, but performed largely to market products. PMID:19831220

Sismondo, Sergio

2009-04-01

113

A history of health and medical research in Australia.  

PubMed

Health and medical research has played an important role in improving the life of Australians since before the 20th century, with many Australian researchers contributing to important advances both locally and internationally. The establishment of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) to support research and to work to achieve the benefits of research for the community was significant. The NHMRC has also provided guidance in research and health ethics. Australian research has broadened to include basic biomedical science, clinical medicine and science, public health and health services. In October 2002, the NHMRC adopted Indigenous health research as a strategic priority. In 2013, government expenditure through the NHMRC was $852.9 million. This article highlights some important milestones in the history of health and medical research in Australia. PMID:25047775

Dyke, Timothy; Anderson, Warwick P

2014-07-01

114

Summaries of research projects for fiscal years 1996 and 1997, medical applications and biophysical research  

SciTech Connect

The Medical Applications and Biophysical Research Division of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research supports and manages research in several distinct areas of science and technology. The projects described in this book are grouped by the main budgetary areas: General Life Sciences (structural molecular biology), Medical Applications (primarily nuclear medicine) and Measurement Science (analytical chemistry instrumentation), Environmental Management Science Program, and the Small Business Innovation Research Program. The research funded by this division complements that of the other two divisions in the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER): Health Effects and Life Sciences Research, and Environmental Sciences. Most of the OBER programs are planned and administered jointly by the staff of two or all three of the divisions. This summary book provides information on research supported in these program areas during Fiscal Years 1996 and 1997.

NONE

1998-02-01

115

Global informetric perspective studies on translational medical research  

PubMed Central

Background Translational medical research literature has increased rapidly in the last few decades and played a more and more important role during the development of medicine science. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the global performance of translational medical research during the past few decades. Methods Bibliometric, social network analysis, and visualization technologies were used for analyzing translational medical research performance from the aspects of subject categories, journals, countries, institutes, keywords, and MeSH terms. Meanwhile, the co-author, co-words and cluster analysis methods were also used to trace popular topics in translational medical research related work. Results Research output suggested a solid development in translational medical research, in terms of increasing scientific production and research collaboration. We identified the core journals, mainstream subject categories, leading countries, and institutions in translational medical research. There was an uneven distribution of publications at authorial, institutional, and national levels. The most commonly used keywords that appeared in the articles were “translational research”, “translational medicine”, “biomarkers”, “stroke”, “inflammation”, “cancer”, and “breast cancer”. Conclusions The subject categories of “Research & Experimental Medicine”, “Medical Laboratory Technology”, and “General & Internal Medicine” play a key role in translational medical research both in production and in its networks. Translational medical research and CTS, etc. are core journals of translational research. G7 countries are the leading nations for translational medical research. Some developing countries, such as P.R China, also play an important role in the communication of translational research. The USA and its institutions play a dominant role in the production, collaboration, citations and high quality articles. The research trends in translational medical research involve drug design and development, pathogenesis and treatment of disease, disease model research, evidence-based research, and stem and progenitor cells. PMID:23885955

2013-01-01

116

A Tool for Medical Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

California Measurements, Inc.'s PC-2 Aerosol Particle Analyzer, developed by William Chiang, a former Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) engineer, was used in a study to measure the size of particles in the medical environment. Chiang has a NASA license for the JPL crystal oscillator technology and originally built the instrument for atmospheric research. In the operating room, it enabled researchers from the University of California to obtain multiple sets of data repeatedly and accurately. The study concluded that significant amounts of aerosols are generated during surgery when power tools are employed, and most of these are in the respirable size. Almost all contain blood and are small enough to pass through surgical masks. Research on the presence of blood aerosols during oral surgery had similar results. Further studies are planned to determine the possibility of HIV transmission during surgery, and the PC-2H will be used to quantify blood aerosols.

1992-01-01

117

National Institute of General Medical Sciences: Inside Life Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institute of General Medical Sciences has worked to create this excellent series of articles that help explain "how basic biomedical research - from the history of a field to the people doing cutting-edge work today - lays the foundation for advances in disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention." First-time visitors might want to check out articles like "What Students Want to Know About Cells," "Remarkable RNAs," and "Forecasting Flu" to get the flavor of the site. Each article contains illustrative material, such as photos, charts, diagrams, and links to other relevant publications. Visitors can share these articles via email or sign up to receive the site's free newsletter. Finally, visitors can also locate articles by general topic: Cell Biology, Genetics, Pharmacology, and several others.

2013-01-25

118

JAMA Patient Page: Supporting Medical Research  

MedlinePLUS

... 9, 2004, issue; and one on participating in medical research studies was published in the February 7, 2001, issue. ... in a research study, you may receive free medical care and laboratory studies as well as receive treatments that may possibly ...

119

Research in computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various graduate research activities in the field of computer science are reported. Among the topics discussed are: (1) failure probabilities in multi-version software; (2) Gaussian Elimination on parallel computers; (3) three dimensional Poisson solvers on parallel/vector computers; (4) automated task decomposition for multiple robot arms; (5) multi-color incomplete cholesky conjugate gradient methods on the Cyber 205; and (6) parallel implementation of iterative methods for solving linear equations.

Ortega, J. M.

1986-01-01

120

Research in computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Synopses are given for NASA supported work in computer science at the University of Virginia. Some areas of research include: error seeding as a testing method; knowledge representation for engineering design; analysis of faults in a multi-version software experiment; implementation of a parallel programming environment; two computer graphics systems for visualization of pressure distribution and convective density particles; task decomposition for multiple robot arms; vectorized incomplete conjugate gradient; and iterative methods for solving linear equations on the Flex/32.

Ortega, J. M.

1985-01-01

121

Quantum Science Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A division of Hewlett-Packard (HP) laboratories is investigating the applications of quantum science in "molecular-scale electronics." The team of researchers is trying to push the fundamental limits of size and efficiency, with focuses on technology that HP anticipates will emerge more than a decade from now. Six presentations, mostly describing the progress and results of various experiments, are given in the research section of the Web site. A particularly interesting presentation discusses the motivation for nanotechnology and self-assembled structures. Of the eleven staff members listed on the publications page, only Pavel Kornilovich has papers that can be directly accessed.

1994-01-01

122

Awareness and use of digital resources in the libraries of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The survey aims to investigate the relationships between awareness and use of digital resources among students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A descriptive method has been used and users of the medical libraries and information centers affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences have been surveyed in the research. A total of 250 students were

Asefeh Asemi; Nosrat Riyahiniya

2007-01-01

123

Spacelab Life Sciences Research Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document describes some of the life sciences research that was conducted on Spacelab missions. Dr. Larry Young, Director of the National Space Biomedical Research Institute, provides an overview of the Life Sciences Spacelabs.

Sulzman, Frank; Young, Laurence R.; Seddon, Rhea; Ross, Muriel; Baldwin, Kenneth; Frey, Mary Anne; Hughes, Rod

2000-01-01

124

ECR Retreat 2012 The Early Career Researchers (ECR) committee from the Alfred Medical Research and Education  

E-print Network

Academy of Sciences and Discoveries Needs Dollars society discussing pertinent issues that researchers and thrive in medical science Prof Robin Bell (Monash University) A/Prof David Anderson (Burnet Institute) A Session 2: Workshop 1, Media Engagement Facilitated by the Australian Science Media Centre 3:30- 6:00pm

Albrecht, David

125

Medical operations and life sciences activities on space station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space station health maintenance facilities, habitability, personnel, and research in the medical sciences and in biology are discussed. It is assumed that the space station structure will consist of several modules, each being consistent with Orbiter payload bay limits in size, weight, and center of gravity.

Johnson, P. C. (editor); Mason, J. A. (editor)

1982-01-01

126

A Graduate Academic Program in Medical Information Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate academic program in medical information science has been established at the University of California, San Francisco, for the education of scientists capable of performing research and development in information technology in the health care setting. This interdisciplinary program, leading to a Doctor of Philosophy degree, consists of an…

Blois, Marsden S., Jr.; Wasserman, Anthony I.

127

NanoNano--Robotics in Medical Applications:Robotics in Medical Applications: From Science Fiction to RealityFrom Science Fiction to Reality  

E-print Network

) Nanomedicine: Application of nanotechnology in medicine. Nanotechnology refers to the science and engineeringCollaboration A truly multidisciplinary fieldA truly multidisciplinary field Nanomedicine #12;Role of Nanotechnology in Medical ResearchRole of Nanotechnology in Medical Research Basic Research · Molecular Biology · Genetics

Vaziri, Ashkan

128

Emotional intelligence in medical laboratory science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in medical laboratory science, as perceived by laboratory administrators. To collect and evaluate these perceptions, a survey was developed and distributed to over 1,400 medical laboratory administrators throughout the U.S. during January and February of 2013. In addition to demographic-based questions, the survey contained a list of 16 items, three skills traditionally considered important for successful work in the medical laboratory as well as 13 EI-related items. Laboratory administrators were asked to rate each item for its importance for job performance, their satisfaction with the item's demonstration among currently working medical laboratory scientists (MLS) and the amount of responsibility college-based medical laboratory science programs should assume for the development of each skill or attribute. Participants were also asked about EI training in their laboratories and were given the opportunity to express any thoughts or opinions about EI as it related to medical laboratory science. This study revealed that each EI item, as well as each of the three other items, was considered to be very or extremely important for successful job performance. Administrators conveyed that they were satisfied overall, but indicated room for improvement in all areas, especially those related to EI. Those surveyed emphasized that medical laboratory science programs should continue to carry the bulk of the responsibility for the development of technical skills and theoretical knowledge and expressed support for increased attention to EI concepts at the individual, laboratory, and program levels.

Price, Travis

129

The science of medical librarianship: investing in the future.  

PubMed Central

Information science is changing from an applied service-oriented activity to a basic research discipline. The library profession must earn a central place in this endeavor, and must address a number of important issues. These include ownership and intellectual property rights, a stronger research component for the profession, development of quality assurance systems for health information services, and a conceptual framework for training and career development of health sciences library technicians. The future of medical librarianship as a profession depends on a lasting commitment to research, a clear vision of the profession's fundamental mission and of the library's place in society. PMID:3450341

Love, E

1987-01-01

130

Accelerator science in medical physics  

PubMed Central

The use of cyclotrons and synchrotrons to accelerate charged particles in hospital settings for the purpose of cancer therapy is increasing. Consequently, there is a growing demand from medical physicists, radiographers, physicians and oncologists for articles that explain the basic physical concepts of these technologies. There are unique advantages and disadvantages to all methods of acceleration. Several promising alternative methods of accelerating particles also have to be considered since they will become increasingly available with time; however, there are still many technical problems with these that require solving. This article serves as an introduction to this complex area of physics, and will be of benefit to those engaged in cancer therapy, or who intend to acquire such technologies in the future. PMID:22374548

Peach, K; Wilson, P; Jones, B

2011-01-01

131

The 'medical humanities' in health sciences education in South Africa.  

PubMed

A new masters-level course, 'Medicine and the Arts" will be offered in 2014 at the University of Cape Town, setting a precedent for interdisciplinary education in the field of medical humanities in South Africa. The humanities and social sciences have always been an implicit part of undergraduate and postgraduate education in the health sciences, but increasingly they are becoming an explicit and essential component of the curriculum, as the importance of graduate attributes and outcomes in the workplace is acknowledged. Traditionally, the medical humanities have included medical ethics, history, literature and anthropology. Less prominent in the literature has been the engagement with medicine of the disciplines of sociology, politics, philosophy, linguistics, education, and law, as well as the creative and expressive arts. The development of the medical humanities in education and research in South Africa is set to expand over the next few years, and it looks as if it will be an exciting inter-disciplinary journey. PMID:24893537

Reid, S

2014-02-01

132

Medical Informatics and the Science of Cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in medical informatics research have afforded possibilities for great advances in health care delivery. These exciting opportunities also present formidable challenges to the implementation and integration of technologies in the workplace. As in most domains, there is a gulf between technologic artifacts and end users. Since medical practice is a human endeavor, there is a need for bridging

Vimla L Patel; David R Kaufman

1998-01-01

133

Research in Computer Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter focuses on research in computer science education. The importance of including this topic in the MTCS course\\u000a stems from the fact that computer science education research can enrich the prospective computer science teachers’ perspective\\u000a with respect to the discipline of computer science, the computer science teacher’s role, and students’ difficulties, misconceptions,\\u000a and cognitive abilities. Consequently, this knowledge may

Orit Hazzan; Tami Lapidot; Noa Ragonis

134

Evolutionary Thinking in the Medical Sciences  

E-print Network

Evolutionary Thinking in the Medical Sciences Stephen C Stearns, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA Evolutionary thinking in medicine draws both on the phylogenetic history of Homo sapiens resistance to drugs, so the implications for drug design and treatment are critical. Vaccinating a population

135

VIROLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

VIROLOGY PROGRAM DIVISION OF MEDICAL SCIENCES ROTATION REGISTRATION FORM TO BE SUBMITTED PRIOR OR PRINT LEGIBLY. STUDENT: DMS PROGRAM AFFILIATION: Virology Program CURRENT PHONE: CURRENT EMAIL if needed, the Rotation Supervisor's signature as well) to: PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR, THE COMMITTEE ON VIROLOGY

Knipe, David M.

136

Infuriating Tensions: Science and the Medical Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary medical students, it is suggested, view science in particular and the intellect in general as difficult allies at best. What emerges are physicians without inquiring minds, physicians who bring to the bedside not curiosity and a desire to understand but a set of reflexes. (MLW)

Bishop, J. Michael

1984-01-01

137

Computers, Health Care, and Medical Information Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the new discipline of medical information science (MIS) and examines some problem-solving approaches used in its application in the clinical laboratory, emphasizing automation by computer technology. The health care field is viewed as one having overlapping domains of clinical medicine, health management and statistics, and fundamental…

Lincoln, Thomas L.; Korpman, Ralph A.

1980-01-01

138

Howard Hughes Medical Institute: Research News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For breaking news of interest to the medical research community, see this news metasite from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. From enzymes to viral infections, or RNA to muscle fibers, this page serves up all the medical research news that's fit to print.

139

PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCES @ UC DAVIS HEALTH SCIENCES DRIVE Medical Sciences 1-C Building Davis, CA 95616  

E-print Network

. Before the traffic light turn right on Health Sciences Drive. Follow to stop sign. At stop sign, goPUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCES @ UC DAVIS HEALTH SCIENCES DRIVE Medical Sciences 1-C Building Davis, CA 95616 Public Health Sciences Visitors From San Francisco, take Interstate 80 East, from Sacramento take

Leistikow, Bruce N.

140

Medical education research: is participation fair?  

PubMed

Medical researchers and ethicists emphasise the importance of equity, fairness and justice in general medical research participation. No individual or group should be over-represented or under-represented in research-there should be fair participation. Thus far little thought has been given to fair participation in medical education research. There is no evidence based answer as to whether vulnerable groups are ever exploited in medical education research, or whether other individuals or groups are overlooked. However the heavy reliance on undergraduate learners as subjects for medical education research creates two key threats to the fairness of that research. First, there is a risk that undergraduate learners, as a potentially vulnerable population, may be exploited in research settings. Often the faculty carrying out medical education research will be the same faculty that are responsible for delivering medical education and assessing medical students' competencies. It is possible as a result that medical students might feel pressured to participate in research. Second, there is a risk that other important groups of learners may be inadequately represented. Much medical education research is carried out on undergraduates and relatively little on those who have been doing CPD for many years. Thus much of our research concentrates on only a small proportion of medical learning. The relatively small amount of research carried out on those doing continuing professional development (CPD) is probably because of the difficulties of recruiting and retaining this group of learners in research programmes. Both risks threaten the integrity and usefulness of the resulting research product. Unfair participation in medical education research programmes could have serious repercussions for learners at all levels. PMID:24846349

Walsh, Kieran

2014-11-01

141

[The flagship of the national naval medical science (on the 80th anniversary of establishment of the 1st Central Research Institute of the Defense Ministry of Russian Federation)].  

PubMed

The article is devoted to the 80th anniversary of the formation of the naval medical science subunit, which is the part of the 1st Central Research Institute of the Defense Ministry of Russian Federation. In the 30th years of XX century, a group of naval doctors formulated the main directions of preventive naval medicine. For eight decades, several generations of medical scientists have developed and ensured implementation of regulatory requirements for habitability and ergonomics of Navy ships. At the present stage, this work focuses on promising directions of the development of the domestic military shipbuilding and the use of advanced and innovative biomedical technologies. PMID:23808207

Chumakov, Vl V; Arkhipov, A V; Borodavko, V K; Vasil'kov, A M; Groshilin, S M; Ivanov, A O; Smurov, A V

2013-02-01

142

Science Anxiety: Research and Action  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science anxiety has been shown to seriously impede student learning. This chapter will describe research done on science anxiety and will explain specific actions that college science teachers can take to build the confidence of their students. This free selection includes the Table of Contents, Preface, Endorsement of the Society for College Science Teachers, and Introduction.

Mallow, Jeffry V.

2006-01-01

143

Special Research Group Cultural Sciences  

E-print Network

with a historical perspective. #12;A multitude of activities The FSP's activities include, among others: ProjectSpecial Research Group Historical Cultural Sciences of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz FSP Historical Cultural Sciences FSP Historical Cultural Sciences FSP Historical Cultural Sciences Contact

Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin

144

Fire-related medical science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spacecraft fire safety may be improved by the use of a fire-retardant atmosphere in occupied spaces. Low concentrations of oxygen can protect humans from fire damage by reducing the rate and spread of combustion, but care must be taken to avoid the hypoxic effects of oxygen-lean atmospheres. Crews can live and work in 11 percent oxygen if barometric pressure were adjusted to maintain the partial pressure of oxygen above 16 kPa. Eleven percent oxygen should prevent most types of fires, since 15 percent oxygen retards the combustion of paper and 13 percent oxygen extinguishes pentane flames. Test results indicate that seated humans can perform mental tasks in atmospheres containing 11.5 percent oxygen. Although this strategy of fire safety is under consideration for submarines, it could be adapted to spacecraft once operational procedures define a maximum hyperbaric pressure and fire research defines the effects of reduced oxygen concentrations on combustion in low gravity environments.

Knight, Douglas R.

1987-01-01

145

JAMA Patient Page: Basic Science Research  

MedlinePLUS

... of Health and Human Services VALUE OF BASIC SCIENCE RESEARCH Basic science research can help in a ... dedicated to basic science and translational research. Basic Science Research JAMA PATIENT PAGE The JAMA Patient Page ...

146

MISUSAGE OF STATISTICS IN MEDICAL RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inappropriate use of statistical method and technique cause time and cost losts and it can be misleading to other scientific researhes. So in this study the main statistical error sources in medical research are discussed and aimed to be informative for researchers. The most common statistical error sources are determined examining the previous medical researches and taking errors into

Ilker Ercan; Berna Yazici; Yaning Yang; Guven Özkaya; Sengul Cangur; Bulent Ediz; Ismet Kan

147

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response: AMS: Review of regulation and governance of medical research  

E-print Network

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response: AMS: Review of regulation and governance of medical research 1 of 18 Academy of Medical Sciences: Review of the regulation and governance of medical research extraordinary improvements in human and animal health. We support the brightest minds in biomedical research

Rambaut, Andrew

148

Organizing Medical Research Programs to Meet the Health Needs of Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical research produces the knowledge upon which the preservation of personal and community health is based. The remarkable achievements of medical science in the prevention and treatment of disease are a direct result of medical research, best illustrated by the twenty-year increase in life expectancy at birth in the United States since 1900. Research has made possible the control of

Boisfeuillet Jones

1961-01-01

149

University of Glasgow COURSE IN FORENSIC MEDICAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

each field, assuming minimal prior knowledge i.e. it is not necessary to have previous medical or legalUniversity of Glasgow COURSE IN FORENSIC MEDICAL SCIENCES 2014 - 15 please turn over Information range of topics within the general theme of forensic medical sciences. The emphasis is on medical

Glasgow, University of

150

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until "the next revision to the web site this winter."

151

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until \\"the next revision to the web site this winter.\\"

2005-11-02

152

Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1923 (and last reviewed by the Scout Report on November 3, 1998), the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) is an independent non-profit organization with ongoing research projects on every continent, most of which are designed to encourage innovation and to help social scientists engage broader constituencies. Some of the council's key interests include children and armed conflict, economic growth, international migration, and global security and cooperation. From the website, visitors can learn about the most recent project initiatives, which include the initiative on HIV / AIDS, social transformation and emergencies, and humanitarian action. Along with these recent initiatives, visitors may also read about the 30 thematic programs, which are organized into five broad program areas. Graduate students coming to the site will want to definitely take a look at the many fellowship and dissertation funding opportunities offered by the SSRC. Visitors may also browse through the SSRC quarterly publication, Items & Issues, which features essays, roundtables, and other writings by participants in SSRC-sponsored programs.

153

Ethics and the ethnography of medical research in Africa.  

PubMed

The ethics of medical research have grown as an area of expertise and debate in recent years, with two broad approaches emerging in relation to transnational research: (1) the refinement of guidelines and strengthening of review, processes primarily to protect the right of individual research participants and strengthen interpersonal relations at the micro-level; and (2) considering more centrally, as crucial ethical concerns, the wider interests of whole populations, the functioning of research institutions, the processes of collaboration, and the ethics of inequitable international relations. We see the two areas of debate and action as complementary, and believe that social science conducted in and around transnational medical research environments can bring these two perspectives together in a more 'situated ethics' of research. To explore this idea for medical research in Africa, we organized a conference in December 2005 in Kilifi, Kenya. In this introduction we outline the two emerging approaches to medical ethics, summarise each of seven papers selected from the conference for inclusion in this special issue on ethics and ethnography, and finally highlight two areas of lively debate at the conference itself: the appropriateness and value of ethics guidelines and review boards for medical research; and the ethical review of social science research. Together, the papers and debates point to the importance of focusing on the ethics of relationships and on justice in both biomedicine and social science research, and on giving greater voice and visibility to the field staff who often play a crucial and under-supported role in 'doing ethics' in the field. They also point to the potential value of social science research on the range of relationships operating at different levels and time scales in medical research, including those surrounding community engagement activities, and the role and functioning of ethics review boards. We conclude by highlighting the ethical priority of capacity strengthening in medical research, social science and research ethics in Africa to ensure that local and national priorities and concerns are considered at both the micro and macro levels. PMID:18455856

Molyneux, Sassy; Geissler, P Wenzel

2008-09-01

154

Ethics and the ethnography of medical research in Africa  

PubMed Central

The ethics of medical research have grown as an area of expertise and debate in recent years, with two broad approaches emerging in relation to transnational research: (1) the refinement of guidelines and strengthening of review, processes primarily to protect the right of individual research participants and strengthen interpersonal relations at the micro-level; and (2) considering more centrally, as crucial ethical concerns, the wider interests of whole populations, the functioning of research institutions, the processes of collaboration, and the ethics of inequitable international relations. We see the two areas of debate and action as complementary, and believe that social science conducted in and around transnational medical research environments can bring these two perspectives together in a more ‘situated ethics’ of research. To explore this idea for medical research in Africa, we organized a conference in December 2005 in Kilifi, Kenya. In this introduction we outline the two emerging approaches to medical ethics, summarise each of seven papers selected from the conference for inclusion in this special issue on ethics and ethnography, and finally highlight two areas of lively debate at the conference itself: the appropriateness and value of ethics guidelines and review boards for medical research; and the ethical review of social science research. Together, the papers and debates point to the importance of focusing on the ethics of relationships and on justice in both biomedicine and social science research, and on giving greater voice and visibility to the field staff who often play a crucial and under-supported role in ‘doing ethics’ in the field. They also point to the potential value of social science research on the range of relationships operating at different levels and time scales in medical research, including those surrounding community engagement activities, and the role and functioning of ethics review boards. We conclude by highlighting the ethical priority of capacity strengthening in medical research, social science and research ethics in Africa to ensure that local and national priorities and concerns are considered at both the micro and macro levels. PMID:18455856

Molyneux, Sassy; Geissler, P. Wenzel

2008-01-01

155

Educating the Public About Research Funded by the National Institutes of Health Using a Partnership Between an Academic Medical Center and Community-based Science Museum  

PubMed Central

The NIH roadmap has among its goals, to promote studies designed to improve public understanding of biomedical and behavioral science, and to develop strategies for promoting collaborations between scientists and communities toward improving the public’s health. Here, we report findings on the impact of a partnership between the Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) and the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI) designed to inform the public about health research being conducted in Oregon, which was linked to a 17-week traveling exhibition of BodyWorlds3. Measures included the public’s understanding of health knowledge, attitudes, intended health behaviors, and visitor experience in their interactions with OHSU experts/volunteers, which were collected using exit surveys administered verbally. Nine hundred fifty-three surveys were included in analyses. Among those who felt that health behavior change was relevant to them, 67.4% of smokers (n = 133) intended to change their smoking behavior, 58.6% (of 677) intended to change their eating habits, 60.3% (of 667) intended to change their exercise routine, and 47% (of 448) intended to change their dental care habits. Forty-six percent of these visited the OHSU research exhibits (n = 437), and responded to how the exhibit changed their understanding about and openness to participate in health research. Greater than 85% had a much improved understanding of NIH research at OHSU and >58% reported they would be willing to participate in future research studies at OHSU. In conclusion, research partnerships between academic institutions and community-based museums appear to be viable ways to inform the public about research, stimulate their interest as future participants, and possibly influence their intention to improve health behaviors. PMID:19350373

Bunce, Arwen; Perrin, Nancy; Howarth, Linda C.; Griest, Susan; Beemsterboer, Phyllis; Cameron, William E.

2009-01-01

156

Earth Sciences Research at the National Science Foundation (EAR)  

NSF Publications Database

Earth Sciences Research at the National Science Foundation (EAR) Program Solicitation NSF 04-613 ... approaches. Support is available for research and research infrastructure through grants, contracts ...

157

Qualitative Research Methods for Medical Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a primer for qualitative research in medical education. Our aim is to equip readers with a basic understanding of qualitative research and prepare them to judge the goodness of fit between qualitative research and their own research questions. We provide an overview of the reasons for choosing a qualitative research approach and potential benefits of using these

Janice L. Hanson; Dorene F. Balmer; Angelo P. Giardino

2011-01-01

158

2006 RESEARCH REPORTOHIO STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER TABLE OF CONTENTS  

E-print Network

Research Centers Affiliated With OSU Medical Center ............................35 School- and Department-Based that status. Our most significant step has been to establish and integrate six "Signature Programs" to propel, like the "Signature Programs," will be key to providing science-based and individually tailored patient

Jones, Michelle

159

Research Training in Medical Informatics: The Stanford Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stanford University created an interdisciplinary program to train researchers and academic leaders in the field of medical information sciences. The program is described, identifying experiences of interest to people developing such a program. The program's background and history, students, curriculum and philosophy, and lessons learned are…

Shortliffe, Edward H.; Fagan, Lawrence M.

1989-01-01

160

Medical Research Misconduct Need Regulatory Reforms  

PubMed Central

The medical research misconduct has become a global problem. Except from countries like the USA, China, and Germany the exact figures of misconduct are not available. The research misconduct include fabricating the data, falsifying data, and plagiarism. The irresponsible research practices are publishing research data more than once, conflicts of interest is not declared, selective reporting of data and including an author who has not contributed at all and many more. About 2% of scientists have been found to admit the fabricating the data and 33% researchers were involved in irresponsible research practices. There is no formal regulatory programs available to monitor the research projects. Few developed countries like the USA, Germany, and China tried to develop programs which can monitor the medical research misconduct. There is a need to develop a regulatory system at national and institutional level to regulate the research activity to ensure that good ethical and scientific standards are practiced by medical researchers. PMID:25364140

Bedi, Neeraj

2014-01-01

161

Medical research misconduct need regulatory reforms.  

PubMed

The medical research misconduct has become a global problem. Except from countries like the USA, China, and Germany the exact figures of misconduct are not available. The research misconduct include fabricating the data, falsifying data, and plagiarism. The irresponsible research practices are publishing research data more than once, conflicts of interest is not declared, selective reporting of data and including an author who has not contributed at all and many more. About 2% of scientists have been found to admit the fabricating the data and 33% researchers were involved in irresponsible research practices. There is no formal regulatory programs available to monitor the research projects. Few developed countries like the USA, Germany, and China tried to develop programs which can monitor the medical research misconduct. There is a need to develop a regulatory system at national and institutional level to regulate the research activity to ensure that good ethical and scientific standards are practiced by medical researchers. PMID:25364140

Bedi, Neeraj

2014-10-01

162

Graduate School of Social Sciences WINTER SCHOOL COURSES in MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY  

E-print Network

Graduate School of Social Sciences WINTER SCHOOL COURSES in MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY January 7 ­ January 15, 2013 The Medical Anthropology and Sociology winter school courses takes place and insight into the state of the art of medical anthropological research in three essential themes in health

van Rooij, Robert

163

Library and Information Science Education for the New Medical Environment and the Age of Integrated Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews factors that are changing ways in which medical librarians and health information specialists are educated. Employment sites for medical librarians are listed; current faculty and coursework at library and information science programs in the United States and Canada are discussed; doctoral research is described; and medical informatics is…

Detlefsen, Ellen Gay

1993-01-01

164

..() B.Sc. (Medical Science) (1) 132 364-101  

E-print Network

2-1 () ..() B.Sc. (Medical Science) (1) 132 364-101 1. 30 3 (4)311-211 1.1 (6 2 311-101 Introduction to Medical Science I 3 311-102 Introduction to Medical Science II 2 332-326 Science, Technology, and Society 3 388-101 Healthy Body and Mind 3 895-xxx 1 322-100 Mathematics

Laksanacharoen, Sathaporn

165

Stress among Isfahan medical sciences students  

PubMed Central

Background: This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of psychological stress among Isfahan medical sciences students. Methods: Cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out among the 387 medical sciences students (medicine, pharmacy, and dentistry) of Isfahan, Iran through census. In academic year 2010-2011, Kessler-10 questionnaire was given to the students a month before semester examinations. Scores ?20 were considered as indicative of positive stress symptoms. Results: The overall prevalence of stress among medical sciences students was found to be about 76.1%. The prevalence of stress among medicine students was 22.7% mild, 23% moderate and 21.4% severe while 32.8% showed no stress. The prevalence of stress among pharmacy students was 22.22%, 22.22%, 26.19%, and 29.36% mild, moderate, and severe and no stress, respectively. The prevalence of stress among dentistry students was 25% mild, 27% moderate, and 10% severe while 37.5% showed no stress. The prevalence of stress was higher (70.6%) in pharmacy students when compared with medicine (66.1%) and dentistry (62.5%) students. The odds of student having stress is higher in dentistry students (OR: 1.44, P= 0.33), where as the odds are decreasing in pharmacy student (OR: 1.16, P=0.66). There is no statistically significant association between gender, ages, and term and having stress symptoms. Conclusions: The high level of stress necessitates interventions like social and psychological support to improve the student's well-being. A prospective study is needed to study the association of psychological morbidity with sources of stress and coping strategies. PMID:23267406

Sharifirad, Gholamreza; Marjani, Abdoljalal; Abdolrahman, Charkazi; Mostafa, Qorbani; Hossein, Shahnazi

2012-01-01

166

Religious beliefs, knowledge about science and attitudes towards medical genetics.  

PubMed

The use of genetics in medical research is one of the most important avenues currently being explored to enhance human health. For some, the idea that we can intervene in the mechanisms of human existence at such a fundamental level can be at minimum worrying and at most repugnant. In particular, religious doctrines are likely to collide with the rapidly advancing capability for science to make such interventions. The key ingredient for acceptance of genetics, on the other hand, is prototypically assumed to be scientific literacy - familiarity and understanding of the critical facts and methods of science. However, this binary opposition between science and religion runs counter to what is often found in practice. In this paper, we examine the association between religiosity, science knowledge and attitudes to medical genetics amongst the British public. In particular, we test the hypothesis that religion acts as a 'perceptual filter' through which citizens acquire and use scientific knowledge in the formation of attitudes towards medical genetics in various ways. PMID:23838683

Allum, Nick; Sibley, Elissa; Sturgis, Patrick; Stoneman, Paul

2014-10-01

167

(09)UC/05 BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/11 Bachelor of Science (Honours) Medical Physics  

E-print Network

(09)UC/05 ­ BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/11 Bachelor of Science (Honours) Medical Physics 2005 Calendar, pages 348 and 681 (09)UC/05 ­ BSc(Hons) Medical Physics/1 Section A 1. Purpose of proposal To provide a better pathway for PhD students in Medical Physics, a BSc(Hons) degree in Medical Physics

Hickman, Mark

168

Teacher's Pack Medical Research Council  

E-print Network

. Questions pupils might like to ask include (a) What are the diseases of the future? (b) How will scientists to think about what the world will be like in 100 years time, with reference to science and medicine 100 years of life-changing discoveries CENTENARY #12; 2 Contents Introduction 3 How do I get

Rosso, Lula

169

Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics Program at Ryerson University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new Bachelor of Science in Medical Physics program at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario was launched in Fall 2006. The program builds on Ryerson’s strong existing capabilities in biomedical physics research. The program’s point of entry is the common first year during which all students in Biology, Chemistry, Contemporary Science and Medical Physics programs complete the foundation courses that include physics, calculus, biology, chemistry, and introduction to computing. In addition to the foundation courses, the first-year studies include an orientation course that supports the students in making a successful transition to university studies. The courses beyond the first year include such topics as radiation therapy, image analysis, medical diagnostics and computer modeling techniques. In the final year the students will undertake an independent, faculty-supervised thesis project in an area of personal research interest. Co-op and industrial internship options are available. Our program promotes natural interaction between physics, life sciences, mathematics and computing. The flexibility built into our curriculum will open a variety of career options for our graduates.

Antimirova, Tetyana

2006-12-01

170

Medical technology advances from space research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Details of medical research and development programs, particularly an integrated medical laboratory, as derived from space technology are given. The program covers digital biotelemetry systems, automatic visual field mapping equipment, sponge electrode caps for clinical electroencephalograms, and advanced respiratory analysis equipment. The possibility of using the medical laboratory in ground based remote areas and regional health care facilities, as well as long duration space missions is discussed.

Pool, S. L.

1972-01-01

171

Governing controversial science: Lessons from stem cell research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developments in genomic science and biotechnology are creating new governance challenges concerning funding, oversight, and regulation of the underlying science and its applications. Among forms of genomics and biotechnology, human stem cell research has been one of the most controversial. It holds great promise for the development of medical therapies, but the link between human reproduction and research on embryonic

Michael Mintrom; Rebecca Bollard

2009-01-01

172

School of Art & Design Interdisciplinary Research: Art & Science  

E-print Network

and human condition comes under scrutiny due to cuts in funding and the costs of traditional medicalSchool of Art & Design Interdisciplinary Research: Art & Science Lead: Alison Oddey The student will research the interdisciplinary connections, working from a strong base of Arts/Science interventions

Evans, Paul

173

Funding of medical research in Australia by the National Health & Medical Research Council  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australia invests a smaller percentage of its GDP, and a smaller percentage of total health expenditure, on medical and health research, than nations with which it often compares itself: some 16% of total national R&D expenditure is in the medical and health area (ASTEC). The National Health and Medical Research Council (NH&MRC) is an independent statutory body, with Principal Committees

Ian Mccloskey

1994-01-01

174

Professional Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP)  

E-print Network

Professional Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP) Department of Physics Florida atlantic University #12;T he Department of Physics offers the Master of Science in Medical Physics (MSMP) degree Science or Engineering with a minor in Physics are considered. 2. At least a 3.0 (of a 4.0 maximum) grade

Fernandez, Eduardo

175

%# ! $& '&( !)0 MedicalResearchCouncil  

E-print Network

&PublicHealthSciencesUnit 123 456789 @ ABC976 DE89FG 467EH6EI PH7F Q668I75H89 A8RES T5 UV Q6F5CES WXXV MRC Social & Public that, when he asked for two maps of Aberdeen, one marked with the prevalence of fever and one of fever'.1 What are inequalities in health, and what causes them? In all known societies health risks

Glasgow, University of

176

NASA's Microgravity Science Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ongoing challenge faced by NASA's Microgravity Science Research Program is to work with the scientific and engineering communities to secure the maximum return from our Nation's investments by: assuring that the best possible science emerges from the science community for microgravity investigations; ensuring the maximum scientific return from each investigation in the most timely and cost-effective manner; and enhancing the distribution of data and applications of results acquired through completed investigations to maximize their benefits.

1996-01-01

177

A Revolution in Progress: Human Genetics and Medical Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The DeWitt Stetten, Jr., Museum of Medical Research at the National Institutes of Health presents this online version of the new exhibit, "A Revolution in Progress," which offers a comprehensive look at genetic research and its contribution to medical science. Readers can really cover some ground with this Web site, with pages upon pages devoted to a wide range of topics including genetic diseases, genes and drugs, the Human Genome Project, ethics and genetics, and more. Not overly familiar with genetic concepts? The Genetic Basics area of the site provides a solid and easy-to-follow introduction to the field. There is also a cartoon guide to genetics for kids.

178

Continuous Commissioning of a Medical Research Facility  

E-print Network

This paper presents a case study for Continuous Commissioning® (CC®)of a 520,000 square foot medical research facility. All of the primary energy using systems in the building were investigated to determine their existing condition and operation...

Turner, W. D.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Zeig, G.; Wei, G.

2007-01-01

179

Research in computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research efforts of University of Virginia students under a NASA sponsored program are summarized and the status of the program is reported. The research includes: testing method evaluations for N version programming; a representation scheme for modeling three dimensional objects; fault tolerant protocols for real time local area networks; performance investigation of Cyber network; XFEM implementation; and vectorizing incomplete Cholesky conjugate gradients.

Ortega, J. M.

1984-01-01

180

[Significance of COI disclosure in medical research in Japan].  

PubMed

In medical research, remarkable increase in collaboration with industry, public organizations such as universities, research institutions, and academic societies makes researchers to be more deeply involved with the activities of commercial entities. Activities of education and research, which are the responsibilities of academic institutions and societies, conflict with the interests of individuals associated with industrial-academic collaboration. Management of such conflict of interest (COI) is of much importance for academic institutions and societies to appropriately promote industrial-academic collaborative activities. Particularly, participation not only by healthy individuals, but also patients, is essential in the medical field as subjects of clinical research. For those involved in medical research, the deeper the level of COI with commercial entities, who are the financial or benefit provider, becomes serious, the more human rights of subjects could be violated, safety of life could be endangered, and research methods, data analysis and interpretation of results could be distorted. It is also possible that research may be unfairly evaluated or not published, even if the results are accurate, sometimes resulting in the ascertained effects of reporting bias included the overestimation of efficacy and the underestimation of safety risks of interventions. According to the COI management guideline of the Japanese Association of Medical Science (JAMS), significance of COI management is discussed. PMID:22277397

Sone, Saburo

2011-11-01

181

MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE Effective Fall 2012 College of the Environment & Life Sciences (CELS)  

E-print Network

certification examinations and state licensure. Career Options: Job availability for Medical Laboratory Science laboratory science. Graduates of the program have an opportunity for careers in clinical practice, laboratoryMEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE Effective Fall 2012 College of the Environment & Life Sciences (CELS

Rhode Island, University of

182

The Medical Research Model: No Magic Formula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the No Child Left Behind Act and the What Works Clearinghouse, the federal government has attempted to establish guidelines for the type of education research that U.S. schools should consider in selecting instructional programs and resources. The government's clear preference for the medical model--a powerful research design in such fields as…

Kingsbury, G. Gage

2006-01-01

183

NASA's computer science research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Following a major assessment of NASA's computing technology needs, a new program of computer science research has been initiated by the Agency. The program includes work in concurrent processing, management of large scale scientific databases, software engineering, reliable computing, and artificial intelligence. The program is driven by applications requirements in computational fluid dynamics, image processing, sensor data management, real-time mission control and autonomous systems. It consists of university research, in-house NASA research, and NASA's Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science (RIACS) and Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering (ICASE). The overall goal is to provide the technical foundation within NASA to exploit advancing computing technology in aerospace applications.

Larsen, R. L.

1983-01-01

184

Patterns and trends of medical student research  

PubMed Central

Background Our study describes the change in the research output, trends and content of published research involving medical students over the last century. Methods Pubmed® and Scopus® were searched for keywords ‘Medical Student’ in the affiliation field. The search results were combined in Endnote® and duplicate entries removed and the multiple variables described below were assessed. Results The combined searches after excluding duplicates yielded 416 results and 66 articles were excluded. There was an exponential increase in medical student research from 1980–2010. Medical student was the first author in 170 (48.6%) studies and 55 studies were authored by a single medical student. The 3 most common areas of research in descending order were Psychiatry (n?=?26, 7.4%), General Medicine (n?=?24, 6.9%) and Medical Education (n?=?21, 6%). The commonest type of articles, in descending order were review articles (n?=?48, 13.7%), Cross sectional studies (n?=?47, 13.4%) and Case reports (n?=?43, 12.3. The majority of these articles (n?=?207, 59.1%) have never been cited subsequently. The trend of increasing number of articles was seen equally among all article types, fields and countries. Conclusions There is an exponential increase in articles by medical students but the majority of articles have not been cited. The numbers of medical student authors per publication have remained static while the total numbers of authors have increased. The proportions in the type of articles, fields of study and country of origin have largely remained static. Publishers and authors should strive to enhance the quality and quantity of data available in indexing services. PMID:24373230

2013-01-01

185

Journal of Research in Science and Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage for the Journal of Research in Science and Teaching, the official journal of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching. The site publishes reports for science education researchers and practitioners on such issues as science teaching and learning and science education policy.

Wiley

186

Science & Research Agriculture & Food  

E-print Network

list Advertising Europeans challenge Europe Helen Dunnett Scientists voice concern to EP over future of chemicals on health Ziga Turk Internet Economy and Open Access iscience Scientists and policy makers to environmentalists, who want the funding diverted to renewable energy research. The initiative began as a US-Russian

187

A Design Science Research Roadmap  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper proposes and synthesizes from previous design science (DS) methodological literature a structured and detailed\\u000a DS Roadmap for the conduct of DS research. The Roadmap is a general guide for researchers to carry out DS research by suggesting\\u000a reasonably detailed activities. Though highly tentative, it is believed the Roadmap usefully inter-relates many otherwise\\u000a seemingly disparate, overlapping or conflicting concepts.

Ahmad Alturki; Guy G. Gable; Wasana Bandara

2011-01-01

188

Developing a Community Based Pre-College Medical Science Collaborative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist secondary and post-secondary educators develop community interactive science programs, this manual describes steps undertaken at New Mexico's Albuquerque Technical Vocational Institute to develop pre-college medical science programs that encourage local high school students to consider the college's medical technology program.…

Shagam, Janet Yagoda

189

The science, policy, and ethics of stem cell research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human embryonic stem cells (ESC) have enormous medical potential, but human ESC research is morally and politically controversial because deriving ESC involves destroying the embryo. Thus, the debate on the morality of ESC research turns to the moral status of the human embryo. The article examines the science behind human ESC research, and then explains three different approaches to the

Bonnie Steinbock

2007-01-01

190

[Accessing medical records for research purposes].  

PubMed

The Organic Law 15/1999 of 13 December on the Protection of Personal Data and the Law 41/2002 of 14 November regulating patient autonomy and rights and obligations of information and clinical documentation are the basic rules which govern the medical history in Spain. However, the lack of development of these laws regarding data protection in clinical research, particularly in terms of access to the medical history, repeatedly causes doubts about its construction by the Research Ethics Committees. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to analyze the rules which govern the access to the medical history for research purposes, with particular emphasis on the common problems that arise in the Committees for the ethical evaluation of these projects and finally setting a series of recommendations. The use for research purpose of genetic personal data contained in the medical history is also addressed in this paper. In this sense, a key contribution of the Law on Biomedical Research is relating to the specific regulation of the genetic personal data, both with respect to their production and access to the data as a support and regarding to its use for research purpose. PMID:24868961

Alcalde Bezhold, Guillermo; Alfonso Farnós, Iciar

2013-01-01

191

Materials Science Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Microgravity materials processing experiments provide an opportunity to perform scientific research in an environment which allows one to observe various phenomena without the masking effects of gravity-driven convective flows, buoyancy, or contaminating influences of walled containers. Even for the most experienced scientists, it is still difficult to predict beforehand, whether or not microgravity experimentation can be successfully performed in space and achieve solutions to problems which are not attainable in 1 g. Consequently, experimentation in ground based facilities which are capable of simulating, in somewhat lesser time frames and to a lesser degree of microgravity, provides a unique low-cost approach to determine the feasibility of continuing research in a particular experiment. The utilization of these facilities in developing the full requirements for a space experiment does present a very cost-effective approach to microgravity experimentation. The Drop Tube Facility at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) provides an excellent test bed for containerless processing experiments such as described here. These facilities have demonstrated for a number of years the capability to develop insight into space experiments involving containerless processing, rapid solidification, and wetting phenomena through the use of lower-cost ground facilities. Once sufficient data has been obtained, then a space-based experiment can be better defined.

Workman, Gary L.; Rathz, Tom

1995-01-01

192

Fraud and deceit in published medical research.  

PubMed

Medical research casts a great impact on health of the entire human population so it must be conducted and publicized without dishonesty or bias. Any misrepresentation can have extremely serious consequences for patients and clinical practice. Unfortunately, fraud and deceit have increasingly been detected and have become a problem in today's research. They are falsification, fabrication, plagiarism, and deliberate use of inappropriate statistical analysis. It is sometimes difficult to differentiate fraud from incompetence, errors, bias, and misunderstanding. Many fraudulent articles are still undercover. The question is how to detect and prevent the fraud and deceit in medical research. In addition, the system of handling research misconduct is still lacking. Critical audit and inspection are required to diagnose it. There is no standard guideline to treat fraud. Prevention is the best way of treatment. This relies on research institutions, editors of journals, citing authors, and, most of all the researchers who must adhere strictly to medical professionalism, which is solely based on honesty and ethics to self-regulate and conduct only ethical and genuine research. PMID:18041448

Lohsiriwat, Varut; Lohsiriwat, Supatra

2007-10-01

193

Medical student culture: Note?taking cooperatives in basic science curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines an aspect of contemporary medical education in the basic sciences—student note?taking cooperatives that produce written versions of faculty lectures. The phenomenon is analyzed in the context of the educational milieu of the basic science years as described in several recently published first?person accounts of medical training. Faculty and student perspectives are delineated along with relevant research findings.

Dorthea Juul

1992-01-01

194

Shifting Paradigms of Research in Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical educators debate which models of scientific research should be applied to problems in academic medicine. The reigning model was derived from the first scientific revolution of Newtonian physics. The emerging model is grounded in the second scientific revolution of Einstein's quantum physics. (Author/MSE)

Irby, David M.; Edwards, Janine C. Ed.

1990-01-01

195

Deceit and fraud in medical research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deceit and fraud in medical research is a serious problem for the credibility of published literature. Although estimating its prevalence is difficult, reported incidences are alarming. The spectrum of the problem ranges from what may seem as rather innocuous gift authorship to wholesale fabrication of data. Potential factors which may have promoted fraud and deceit include financial gain, personal fame,

Usman Jaffer; Alan E. P. Cameron

2006-01-01

196

Ethical problems with the use of animals in medical research and education: An introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well to remember that the issue of the use of animals in medical research and training is fought with highly emotional appeals. One needs to assess clearly the moral status of animals and the benefits that medical science produces. It is not enough and will not resolve the issues, to show pictures of animals going through a research

Ray Moseley

1989-01-01

197

Does Undergraduate Student Research Constitute Scholarship? Drawing on the Experiences of One Medical Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While undergraduate research has been part of the learning culture in some disciplines for many years, it is only more recently that it is being included into mainstream medical curricula. Undergraduate medical students at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, have several opportunities to undertake research

McLean, Michelle; Howarth, F. Christopher

2008-01-01

198

Domestic Medical Tourism: A Neglected Dimension of Medical Tourism Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, the literature on medical tourism has focused almost exclusively on international medical tourism, or medical services outsourced to other countries. However, there are a growing number of patients who travel for medical care within their own country. Medical tourism experts have suggested that competition introduced from abroad, combined with healthcare reform, may stimulate improvement in health care offerings

Simon Hudson; Xiang Li

2011-01-01

199

Domestic Medical Tourism: A Neglected Dimension of Medical Tourism Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, the literature on medical tourism has focused almost exclusively on international medical tourism, or medical services outsourced to other countries. However, there are a growing number of patients who travel for medical care within their own country. Medical tourism experts have suggested that competition introduced from abroad, combined with health care reform, may stimulate improvement in health care

Simon Hudson; Xiang Li

2012-01-01

200

Double standards in special medical research: questioning the discrepancy between requirements for medical research involving incompetent adults and medical research involving children.  

PubMed

Medical research represents a substantial departure from conventional medical care. Medical care is patient-orientated, with decisions based on the best interests and/or wishes of the person receiving the care. In contrast, medical research is future-directed. Primarily it aims to contribute new knowledge about illness or disease, or new knowledge about interventions, such as drugs, that impact upon some human condition. Current State and Territory laws and research ethics guidelines in Australia relating to the review of medical research appropriately acknowledge that the functions of medical care and medical research differ. Prior to a medical research project commencing, the study must be reviewed and approved by a Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC). For medical research involving incompetent adults, some jurisdictions require an additional, independent safeguard by way of tribunal or court approval of medical research protocols. This extra review process reflects the uncertainty of medical research involvement, and the difficulties surrogate decision-makers of incompetent adults face in making decisions about others, and deliberating about the risks and benefits of research involvement. Parents of children also face the same difficulties when making decisions about their child's research involvement. However, unlike the position concerning incompetent adults, there are no similar safeguards under Australian law in relation to the approval of medical research involving children. This column questions why this discrepancy exists with a view to generating further dialogue on the topic. PMID:24218780

Stepanov, Nikola A; Smith, Malcolm K

2013-09-01

201

Medical interface research at the HIT Lab  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Human Interface Technology Laboratory (HIT Lab) is a multi-disciplinary research and development lab whose work centers\\u000a on novel approaches to human interface technology. Lab researchers represent a wide range of disciplines from across the University\\u000a of Washington campus, including engineering, medicine, education, social sciences, architecture, and the design arts. We describe\\u000a here a representative sampling of past and current

Suzanne Weghorst; Eric J. Seibel; Peter Oppenheimer; Hunter G. Hoffman; Brian Schowengerdt; Thomas A. Furness

2008-01-01

202

WORLD MEDICAL ASSOCIATION DECLARATION OF HELSINKI Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects  

E-print Network

1 WORLD MEDICAL ASSOCIATION DECLARATION OF HELSINKI Ethical Principles for Medical Research of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, including participants in medical research involving human subjects to adopt these principles. 3. It is the duty

Pfeifer, Holger

203

479Program of Medical Laboratory Sciences Undergraduate Catalogue 201314  

E-print Network

, antigens, antibodies, and complement system, as well as basic principles in blood banking and transfusion medicine. First semester. #12;480 Program of Medical Laboratory Sciences Undergraduate Catalogue 2013

Shihadeh, Alan

204

Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Food Science (with a concentration in Pre-Medical/Dental)  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Food Science (with a concentration in Pre-Medical _____ NFS 2130 Intro Food Science 3 _____ NFS 2140 Intro Food Science Lab 1 _____ JUNIOR NFS 5230 Nutrition & Metabolism 3 _____ NFS 5130 Food Chemistry 3 ____ PHY 2130 General Physics 3 _____ PHY 2140 General Physics 3

Berdichevsky, Victor

205

Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Food Science (Includes Pre-Medical/Dental Option)  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Food Science (Includes Pre-Medical/Dental Option) Suggested 2130 Intro Food Science (213) 3 _____ NFS 2220 Human Nutrition Lab 1 ____ NFS 2140 Intro Food Science Lab (214) 1 _____ JUNIOR BIO 2200 Intro Microbiology (220) 4 _____ NFS 5130 Food Chemistry (513) 3

Berdichevsky, Victor

206

Research in Science Education: An Interdisciplinary Perspective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The continuing goal of science education research is the generation of pedagogical knowledge that can be used to improve meaningful understanding of science concepts by students. Using present initiatives in science education as a foundation, the authors provide an overview of developments in cognitive science and instructional psychology and associated exemplary research findings and implications that provide researchers and practitioners with an interdisciplinary framework for improving the quality of school science instruction.

Vitale, Michael R.; Romance, Nancy R.

2006-01-01

207

Scientific Production of Medical Sciences Universities in North of Iran  

PubMed Central

CONFLICT OF INTEREST: NONE DECLARED Introduction The study of the scientific evidence citation production by famous databases of the world is one of the important indicators to evaluate and rank the universities. The study at investigating the scientific production of Northern Iran Medical Sciences Universities in Scopus from 2005 through 2010. Method This survey used scientometrics technique. The samples under studies were the scientific products of four northern Iran Medical universities. Results Viewpoints quantity of the Scientific Products Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences stands first and of Babol University of Medical Sciences ranks the end, but from the viewpoints of quality of scientific products of considering the H-Index and the number of cited papers the Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences is a head from the other universities under study. From the viewpoints of subject of the papers, the highest scientific products belonged to the faculty of Pharmacy affiliated to Mazandaran University of Medial Sciences, but the three other universities for the genetics and biochemistry. Conclusion Results showed that the Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences as compared to the other understudies universities ranks higher for the number of articles, cited articles, number of hard work authors and H-Index of Scopus database from 2005 through 2010. PMID:24058251

Siamian, Hasan; Firooz, Mousa Yamin; Vahedi, Mohammad; Aligolbandi, Kobra

2013-01-01

208

NCI and the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Sign Statement of Intent  

Cancer.gov

Today the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Cancer Institute/Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CICAMS) signed a statement of intent to share an interest in fostering collaborative biomedical research in oncology and a common goal in educating and training the next generation of cancer research scientists and clinicians.

209

The Nature of Science Education Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study by the Evidence-based Practice in Science Education (EPSE) Research Network that explores practitioners' views on the nature, use, and potential of science education research. (DDR)

Ratcliffe, Mary; Bartholomew, Hannah; Hames, Vicky; Hind, Andy; Leach, John; Millar, Robin; Osborne, Jonathan

2002-01-01

210

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Medical Sciences Division report for 1994  

SciTech Connect

The primary mission of the Medical Sciences Division is (1) to conduct basic and applied biomedical research on human health related to energy systems, (2) to provide technical assistance and training in occupational and environmental medicine, and (3) to make related biomedical applications available to others through technology transfer. As can be gleaned from this report, the strengths and capabilities of their staff in carrying out this mission are closely aligned with the four core competencies of ORISE: (1) occupational and environmental health, (2) environmental and safety evaluation and analysis, (3) education and training, and (4) enabling research. Brief descriptions of the various scientific and technical programs and their progress, as well as the staff responsible for the accomplishments made during 1994, are presented in this report. Research programs include the following: biochemistry; cytogenetics; Center for Epidemiologic Research; Center for Human Reliability Studies; occupational medicine; Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site; and Radiation Internal Dose Information Center.

Snyder, F.; Poston, S.; Engle, J. [eds.

1995-08-01

211

Centers of Research Excellence in Science and Technology (CREST)  

NSF Publications Database

... in Science and Technology (CREST) CREST Supplements and HBCU Research Infrastructure for Science and ... in Science and Technology (CREST) CREST Supplements and HBCU Research Infrastructure for Science and ...

212

Computing Life: National Institute of General Medical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computers are embedded in much of what we do, whether it's a form of instant communication or the navigation of city streets via a GPS unit. Computers have also proved to be extremely useful to scientific researchers, a fact not lost on the people at the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS). The NIGMS has created this virtual online booklet titled "Computing Life" in order to inform young people about the various scientific and medical careers that are open to them and to educate people more generally about the role of computers in scientific inquiry and discovery. The homepage features a set of "Featured Topics" that contains video clips of researchers talking about their work, interactive games, and role-playing exercises. These intriguing topics include "Movie Mania", "The Next Top Protein Model", and "Made Possible By"". In the "Web Extras" area, visitors can watch short films (including a simulation of potential pandemic flu in the United States), listen and watch interviews, and take a crack at a crossword puzzle. Visitors who get hooked on the site may wish to sign up to receive updates via their RSS feed.

213

RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES FOR LSU MEDICAL STUDENTS FINDING A FACULTY MENTOR  

E-print Network

). Students can work on research related to obesity, diabetes and kidney diseases. Medical Student Alcohol Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases supports summer research for LSU medical students research for LSU medical students in clinical or laboratory research related to diseases caused by alcohol

214

Science of Science Policy: A Federal Research Roadmap.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document, 'The Science of Science Policy: A Federal Research Roadmap,' was developed in response to a challenge for a new 'science of science policy' that will begin to address the need for better scientific theories and analytical tools for improvin...

2008-01-01

215

Conflicts of interest in medical science: peer usage, peer review and 'CoI consultancy'.  

PubMed

In recent years, the perception has grown that conflicts of interest are having a detrimental effect on medical science as it influences health policy and clinical practice, leading medical journals to enforce self-declaration of potential biases in the attempt to counteract or compensate for the problem. Conflict of interest (CoI) declarations have traditionally been considered inappropriate in pure science since its evaluation systems themselves constitute a mechanism for eliminating the effect of individual biases. Pure science is primarily evaluated by 'peer usage', in which scientific information is 'replicated' by being incorporated in the work of other scientists, and tested by further observation of the natural world. Over the long-term, the process works because significant biases impair the quality of science, and bad science tends to be neglected or refuted. However, scientific evaluation operates slowly over years and decades, and only a small proportion of published work is ever actually evaluated. But most of modern medical science no longer conforms to the model of pure science, and may instead be conceptualized as a system of 'applied' science having different aims and evaluation processes. The aim of applied medical science is to solve pre-specified problems, and to provide scientific information ready for implementation immediately following publication. The primary evaluation process of applied science is peer review, not peer usage. Peer review is much more rapid (with a timescale of weeks or months) and cheaper than peer usage and (consequently) has a much wider application: peer review is a prospective validation while peer usage is retrospective. Since applied science consists of incremental advances on existing knowledge achieved using established techniques, its results can usually be reliably evaluated by peer review. However, despite its considerable convenience, peer review has significant limitations related to its reliance on opinion. One major limitation of peer review has proved to be its inability to deal with conflicts of interest, especially in a 'big science' context when prestigious scientists may have similar biases, and conflicts of interest are widely shared among peer reviewers. When applied medical science has been later checked against the slower but more valid processes of peer usage, it seems that reliance on peer review may allow damaging distortions to become 'locked-in' to clinical practice and health policy for considerable periods. Scientific progress is generally underpinned by increasing specialization. Medical journals should specialize in the communication of scientific information, and they have neither the resources nor the motivation to investigate and measure conflicts of interest. Effectively dealing with the problem of conflicts of interest in applied medical science firstly requires a more explicit demarcation between the communications media of pure medical science and applied medical science. Greater specialization of these activities would then allow distinctive aims and evaluation systems to evolve with the expectation of improved performance in both pure and applied systems. In future, applied medical science should operate with an assumption of bias, with the onus of proof on applied medical scientists to facilitate the 'data transparency' necessary to validate their research. Journals of applied medical science will probably require more rigorous processes of peer review than at present, since their publications are intended to be ready for implementation. But since peer review does not adequately filter-out conflicts of interest in applied medical science, there is a need for the evolution of specialist post-publication institutional mechanisms. The suggested solution is to encourage the establishment of independent 'CoI consultancy' services, whose role would be to evaluate conflicts of interest and other biases in published applied medical science prior to their implementation. Such services would be paid-for by the groups who intend to implement appl

Charlton, Bruce G

2004-01-01

216

About Behavioral and Social Sciences Research  

E-print Network

1 About Behavioral and Social Sciences Research The 21st century is an exciting time and behavioral and social sciences research will lead to the most effective interventions. What is Behavioral and Social Sciences Research? "Behavioral" is a term that covers a lot of ground. It refers to what people do

Baker, Chris I.

217

CENTER FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY RESEARCH  

E-print Network

CENTER FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY RESEARCH UPCOMING TALKS SPRING 2005 February 7: Joel Gratz, Center for Science and Technology Policy Research "Wolf Management in Colorado: The Role of Science and Technology Policy Research 1333 Grandview Avenue, Conference Room 111 (For directions see http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/center_info/find_us

Colorado at Boulder, University of

218

Major Goals for Social Sciences in Medical Area, July 1, 2008 The subcommittee* on social sciences met several times in the winter and spring and had  

E-print Network

Major Goals for Social Sciences in Medical Area, July 1, 2008 The subcommittee* on social sciences and education. Expertise in these areas requires collaboration of all of the relevant social sciences1 . Such research can inform care at the level of individual patients, health care providers and delivery systems

Goodrich, Lisa V.

219

Comparative Effectiveness Research: Medical Practice, Payments, and Politics: the Need to Retain Standards of Medical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparative effectiveness research (CER), once only the scientific interest of clinical and health services researchers who compared medical treaments, now has tumbled into the public arena. ( 1 ) Facing the need for drastic improvement in our nation’s healthcare delivery, Congress and the Obama Administration are looking to CER to improve and broaden the use of treatments in a cost-effective

Harry P. Selker

2009-01-01

220

[The protection of infant life: from XVIII to XXI century (the input of physicians and scientists of the Research Center of Children Health of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences)].  

PubMed

The article deals with issues of protection of infant life in the history of the research center of children health of the Russian academy of medical sciences which originates from the Emperor Moscow founding hospital established September 1 1763 according decree of Empress Catherine II. As long as infant mortality persisted at extremely high rate during centuries, the protection of life of children of early age considered as a strategic public purpose in Russia right until middle of XX century. The activity of farsighted and responsible rulers of Russia laid the foundation to public system of mother and child health care 250 years ago. The physicians and researchers of the Moscow founding hospital and such its successors as the Infant Protection Home, the Institute of protection of maternity and infancy and the academic institute of pediatrics made their own input into protection of infant life. Because of all that, children mortality at infant age decreased more than in 30 times. Billions of children lives were saved. PMID:24961000

2014-01-01

221

Remote Sensing Information Science Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is the final report summarizing research conducted by the Remote Sensing Research Unit, Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara under National Aeronautics and Space Administration Research Grant NAG5-10457. This document describes work performed during the period of 1 March 2001 thorough 30 September 2002. This report includes a survey of research proposed and performed within RSRU and the UCSB Geography Department during the past 25 years. A broad suite of RSRU research conducted under NAG5-10457 is also described under themes of Applied Research Activities and Information Science Research. This research includes: 1. NASA ESA Research Grant Performance Metrics Reporting. 2. Global Data Set Thematic Accuracy Analysis. 3. ISCGM/Global Map Project Support. 4. Cooperative International Activities. 5. User Model Study of Global Environmental Data Sets. 6. Global Spatial Data Infrastructure. 7. CIESIN Collaboration. 8. On the Value of Coordinating Landsat Operations. 10. The California Marine Protected Areas Database: Compilation and Accuracy Issues. 11. Assessing Landslide Hazard Over a 130-Year Period for La Conchita, California Remote Sensing and Spatial Metrics for Applied Urban Area Analysis, including: (1) IKONOS Data Processing for Urban Analysis. (2) Image Segmentation and Object Oriented Classification. (3) Spectral Properties of Urban Materials. (4) Spatial Scale in Urban Mapping. (5) Variable Scale Spatial and Temporal Urban Growth Signatures. (6) Interpretation and Verification of SLEUTH Modeling Results. (7) Spatial Land Cover Pattern Analysis for Representing Urban Land Use and Socioeconomic Structures. 12. Colorado River Flood Plain Remote Sensing Study Support. 13. African Rainfall Modeling and Assessment. 14. Remote Sensing and GIS Integration.

Clarke, Keith C.; Scepan, Joseph; Hemphill, Jeffrey; Herold, Martin; Husak, Gregory; Kline, Karen; Knight, Kevin

2002-01-01

222

Reform in medical and health sciences educational system: a Delphi study of faculty members' views at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.  

PubMed

Despite the strengths in the Iranian medical and health sciences educational system, areas in need of improvement have been noted. The purpose of this study was to understand the views of faculty members at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences about current and future needs for medical and health sciences education, with the goal of improving the quality of the educational system. The data were collected using a Delphi consensus method. Analysis of the findings identified the following key themes among the factors likely to contribute to medical and health sciences education and training: adding and/or increasing student numbers in higher degrees in preference to associate degrees; providing more interactive, student-centred teaching methods; improving the educational content with more practical and research-based courses tailored to society's needs; and an emphasis on outcome-based student evaluation techniques. These changes aim to respond to health trends in society and enhance the close relationship between medical education and the needs of the Iranian society. PMID:24950072

Salehi, A; Harris, N; Lotfi, F; Hashemi, N; Kojouri, J; Amini, M

2014-03-01

223

Model Observers in Medical Imaging Research  

PubMed Central

Model observers play an important role in the optimization and assessment of imaging devices. In this review paper, we first discuss the basic concepts of model observers, which include the mathematical foundations and psychophysical considerations in designing both optimal observers for optimizing imaging systems and anthropomorphic observers for modeling human observers. Second, we survey a few state-of-the-art computational techniques for estimating model observers and the principles of implementing these techniques. Finally, we review a few applications of model observers in medical imaging research. PMID:24312150

He, Xin; Park, Subok

2013-01-01

224

Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania  

E-print Network

Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Perelman School of Medicine at the University in academic medicine · To promote research and education in women's health Dual Mission To support in women's health: 1 award may be specific to CV research ­ Clinical, basic science or community · Open

Bushman, Frederic

225

Between clinical medicine and the laboratory: medical research funding in France from 1945 to the present.  

PubMed

By focusing on funding methods, this paper considers the way in which medical research eventually led to the science-based medicine that is prevalent in France today. This process seems to have taken place in three stages during the second half of the twentieth century. In the 1940s and 1950s, two major events occurred. The first was the creation of a national health insurance fund in France, which opened up new reasons for, and ways of, funding medical research. The second was the development of antibiotics, which triggered a revival of clinical medicine. In the 1960s and 1970s, a proactive government science policy allowed the life sciences and medical research to come together in the wake of a burgeoning new science: molecular biology. Thus, in 1964, the creation of the National Health and Medical Research Institute (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale or INSERM), destined to "molecularize" medical research, was seen as the fulfillment of the government's ambitious research policy. Today, with medicine irreversibly embedded in scientific and technical rationality, health has become a major issue in modern societies. This paper therefore touches on some of the key features of biomedical research, including the revival of funding systems for clinical research and the development of a system of research grants that was made possible by patient organizations and the creation of new funding agencies. PMID:21037320

Esterle, Laurence; Picard, Jean-François

2011-10-01

226

Synchrotron radiation applications in medical research  

SciTech Connect

The medical projects employing synchrotron radiation as discussed in this paper are, for the most part, still in their infancies and no one can predict the direction in which they will develop. Both the basic research and applied medical programs are sure to be advanced at the new facilities coming on line, especially the ESRF and Spring- 8. However, success is not guaranteed. There is a lot of competition from advances in conventional imaging with the development of digital angiography, computed tomography, functional magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound. The synchrotron programs will have to provide significant advantages over these modalities in order to be accepted by the medical profession. Advances in image processing and potentially the development of compact sources will be required in order to move the synchrotron developed imaging technologies into the clinical world. In any event, it can be expected that the images produced by the synchrotron technologies will establish ``gold standards`` to be targeted by conventional modalities. A lot more work needs to be done in order to bring synchrotron radiation therapy and surgery to the level of human studies and, subsequently, to clinical applications.

Thomlinson, W.

1995-12-31

227

Snake oil and venoms for medical research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some think that using derivatives of snake venom for medical purposes is the modern version of snake oil but they are seriously misjudging the research potentials of some of these toxins in medicines of the 2000's. Medical trials, using some of the compounds has proven their usefulness. Several venoms have shown the possibilities that could lead to anticoagulants, helpful in heart disease. The blood clotting protein from the taipan snake has been shown to rapidly stop excessive bleeding. The venom from the copperhead may hold an answer to breast cancer. The Malaysian pit viper shows promise in breaking blood clots. Cobra venom may hold keys to finding cures for Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's. Rattlesnake proteins from certain species have produced blood pressure medicines. Besides snake venoms, venom from the South American dart frog, mollusks (i.e. Cone Shell Snail), lizards (i.e. Gila Monster & Komodo Dragon), some species of spiders and tarantulas, Cephalopods, mammals (i.e. Platypus & Shrews), fish (i.e. sting rays, stone fish, puffer fish, blue bottle fish & box jelly fish), intertidal marine animals (echinoderms)(i.e. Crown of Thorn Star Fish & Flower Urchin) and the Honeybee are being investigated for potential medical benefits.

Wolpert, H. D.

2011-04-01

228

Regulation of financial conflicts of interest in medical practice and medical research: a damaging solution in search of a problem.  

PubMed

The free market, which includes most practicing physicians, publicly supported biomedical researchers, and private drug and device companies, has succeeded spectacularly in delivering new medical technologies to the public. Increased interactions between doctors (physicians and biomedical researchers), epitomized by the founding of the biotechnology revolution, have and can continue to accelerate this delivery. A powerful anti-commercial advocacy movement that has blossomed over the past 20 years threatens this momentum. This movement has succeeded in inverting reality by demonizing the market and by promoting distorted and damaging views of professionalism and of science. Most ominously, it has imposed onerous and counterproductive regulations on medical education and translational research. PMID:17259676

Stossel, Thomas P

2007-01-01

229

Statistical errors in medical research - a review of common pitfalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

comings, differentiated for the distinct phases of medical research are presented and discussed. Conclusions: statisticians should be involved early in study design, as mistakes at this point can have major repercussions, negatively affecting all subsequent stages of medical research. Considera- tion of issues discussed in this paper, when plan- ning, conducting and preparing medical research manuscripts, should help further enhance

Alexander M. Strasak; Qamruz Zaman; Karl P. Pfeiffer; Georg Göbel; Hanno Ulmer

230

Global Forensic Science Collaboration: Standards and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a presentation (Lucas 2011) by the author at a session organized by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) at the International Association of Forensic Sciences Meeting in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, on September 16, 2011. The title of the session was “Global Research: The Forensic Science Edge.” The “global” nature of AAFS, forensic science, and

Douglas M. Lucas

2011-01-01

231

Restructuring Planetary Science's Research & Analysis Program  

E-print Network

Restructuring Planetary Science's Research & Analysis Program James Green NASA, Planetary Science: An Integrated Strategy for the Planetary Sciences 2010: Community R&A survey 2010 2012: Planetary Workforce R&A program by the Planetary Sciences Subcommittee (PSS) as a Response to the NRC report ­ Ron

Rathbun, Julie A.

232

Prevention Science 513 Research Methods in Prevention Science  

E-print Network

#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12; Prevention Science 513 Research Methods in Prevention Science Fall with a theoretical and practical foundation for understanding research methods, especially as they pertain This course is designed to: 1) Increase students' understanding of basic principles of research methods

Collins, Gary S.

233

Explanatory pluralism in the medical sciences: theory and practice.  

PubMed

Explanatory pluralism is the view that the best form and level of explanation depends on the kind of question one seeks to answer by the explanation, and that in order to answer all questions in the best way possible, we need more than one form and level of explanation. In the first part of this article, we argue that explanatory pluralism holds for the medical sciences, at least in theory. However, in the second part of the article we show that medical research and practice is actually not fully and truly explanatory pluralist yet. Although the literature demonstrates a slowly growing interest in non-reductive explanations in medicine, the dominant approach in medicine is still methodologically reductionist. This implies that non-reductive explanations often do not get the attention they deserve. We argue that the field of medicine could benefit greatly by reconsidering its reductive tendencies and becoming fully and truly explanatory pluralist. Nonetheless, trying to achieve the right balance in the search for and application of reductive and non-reductive explanations will in any case be a difficult exercise. PMID:20721631

De Vreese, Leen; Weber, Erik; Van Bouwel, Jeroen

2010-10-01

234

Social science education as a component of medical training.  

PubMed

The broad view of health espoused by the World Health Organization is now generally accepted by medical educators. Implicit in the new paradigm is a recognition of multiple determinants of health and of shifting divisions of professional responsibilities among providers. As a consequence, the importance of social and behavioural science education as a foundation to medical training is increasingly appreciated. At the same time medical programmes are under pressure to contend with the explosion of knowledge in basic biomedical and life sciences and with technological innovation. Curricula are being submerged in facts, causing medical schools to look for innovative teaching models that feature more flexible approaches to the diverse body of knowledge supporting professional practice. Independent learning methods are being explored and revised teaching programs are being organized around coordinating themes, such as aging, human development and environmental health. Future programmes must be designed to encourage multiprofessional approaches while fostering awareness of the important interplay between health care (both curative and preventive) and social/behavioural science. Within the curriculum students should be offered options that include sociology, child growth and development, gerontology, medical anthropology, psychology, medical geography, health economics, political science and related subthemes. More important than the inclusion of any specific discipline is the creation of an environment in which future physicians may be exposed to critical thinking across a wide range of themes that characterize the social and cultural context for medical practice. Such enquiry is also likely to drive a closer relationship between medical schools and their parent universities within which the social science expertize resides.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7801172

MacLeod, S M; McCullough, H N

1994-11-01

235

Physics for the Medical Science Major.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one professor makes his physics course relevant to pharmacy majors. The course emphasizes the relation of basic physics concepts (like forces and thermodynamics) to the human body and uses problems drawn from the medical profession. Student course evaluations show a favorable view of content learned and its relevance. (DB)

McCall, Richard P.

2000-01-01

236

Medical Informatics in Academic Health Science Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of the state of medical informatics, the application of computer and information technology to biomedicine, looks at trends and concerns, including integration of traditionally distinct enterprises (clinical information systems, financial information, scholarly support activities, infrastructures); informatics career choice and…

Frisse, Mark E.

1992-01-01

237

Student Medical Certificate 1 Faculty of Science  

E-print Network

academic consideration for medical reasons. My personal information is being collected under the authority of the University of Windsor Act 1962 and will be used for administrative and academic record-keeping, academic-3000. ________________________________ ___________________ ___________________ Signature Student No. Date B. TO BE COMPLETED BY THE PHYSICIAN: 1. I hereby certify that I provided health

238

Neuroinformatics Research for Vision Science: NRV project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NRV project (Neuroinformatics Research for Vision Science) is the first project in Japan started in 1999 under the Science and Technology Agency of Japan, aimed at building the foundation of neuroinformatics research. Because of the wealth of data on the visual system, the NRV project will use vision research to promote experimental, theoretical and technical research as a pilot

Shiro Usui

2003-01-01

239

Characteristics of physicians engaged in basic science: a questionnaire survey of physicians in basic science departments of a medical school in Japan.  

PubMed

The number of physicians engaged in basic science and teaching is sharply decreasing in Japan. To alleviate this shortage, central government has increased the quota of medical students entering the field. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of physicians who are engaged in basic science in efforts to recruit talent. A questionnaire was distributed to all 30 physicians in the basic science departments of Juntendo University School of Medicine. Question items inquired about sex, years since graduation, years between graduation and time entering basic science, clinical experience, recommending the career to medical students, expected obstacles to students entering basic science, efforts to inspire students in research, increased number of lectures and practical training sessions on research, and career choice satisfaction. Correlations between the variables were examined using ?(2) tests. Overall, 26 physicians, including 7 female physicians, returned the questionnaire (response rate 86.7%). Most physicians were satisfied with their career choice. Medical students were deemed not to choose basic science as their future career, because they aimed to become clinicians and because they were concerned about salary. Women physicians in basic science departments were younger than men. Women physicians also considered themselves to make more efforts in inspiring medical students to be interested in research. Moreover, physicians who became basic scientists earlier in their career wanted more research-related lectures in medical education. Improving physicians' salaries in basic science is important to securing talent. In addition, basic science may be a good career path for women physicians to follow. PMID:22976453

Yamazaki, Yuka; Uka, Takanori; Shimizu, Haruhiko; Miyahira, Akira; Sakai, Tatsuo; Marui, Eiji

2012-01-01

240

75 FR 69092 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting Pursuant to section...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel MBRS Behavioral Science Panel. Date: December 2, 2010....

2010-11-10

241

Medical Social Sciences Faculty Positions in Patient-Centered Outcomes Science and Psychometrics in the Department of  

E-print Network

Medical Social Sciences Faculty Positions in Patient-Centered Outcomes Science scientific areas in Patient Centered Outcomes and Psychometrics Science. The Department and social science approaches to improvement of health and health care delivery across

Chisholm, Rex L.

242

How "Scientific" Is Science Education Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research articles published in the "Journal of Research in Science Teaching" in 1965, 1975, 1985, 1995, and in 2005 were surveyed to discover the extent to which they were theory driven. Carey and Smith's theory of the development of science epistemologies was used to frame the study. Specifically their theory posits that science

Lawson, Anton E.

2010-01-01

243

Synchrotron radiation applications in medical research at Brookhaven National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

In the relatively short time that synchrotrons have been available to the scientific community, their characteristic beams of UV and X-ray radiation have been applied to virtually all areas of medical science which use ionizing radiation. The ability to tune intense monochromatic beams over wide energy ranges clearly differentiates these sources from standard clinical and research tools. The tunable spectrum, high intrinsic collimation of the beams, polarization and intensity of the beams make possible in-vitro and in-vivo research and therapeutic programs not otherwise possible. From the beginning of research operation at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), many programs have been carrying out basic biomedical research. At first, the research was limited to in-vitro programs such as the x-ray microscope, circular dichroism, XAFS, protein crystallography, micro-tomography and fluorescence analysis. Later, as the coronary angiography program made plans to move its experimental phase from SSRL to the NSLS, it became clear that other in-vivo projects could also be carried out at the synchrotron. The development of SMERF (Synchrotron Medical Research Facility) on beamline X17 became the home not only for angiography but also for the MECT (Multiple Energy Computed Tomography) project for cerebral and vascular imaging. The high energy spectrum on X17 is necessary for the MRT (Microplanar Radiation Therapy) experiments. Experience with these programs and the existence of the Medical Programs Group at the NSLS led to the development of a program in synchrotron based mammography. A recent adaptation of the angiography hardware has made it possible to image human lungs (bronchography). Fig. 1 schematically depicts the broad range of active programs at the NSLS.

Thomlinson, W.

1997-08-01

244

Teaching Toxicology as a Basic Medical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 4-year effort at Yale University School of Medicine to teach toxicology as an elective basic science from the standpoint of organ-specific toxic effects is described. The objective of the successful multidisciplinary program is to prepare physicians to understand, recognize, and manage adverse effects from drugs and other environmental…

Gralla, Edward J.

1976-01-01

245

APPENDIX C. PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM C.1 PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM OVERVIEW  

E-print Network

C.1-1 APPENDIX C. PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM C.1 PLANETARY SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM OVERVIEW 1. Introduction The Planetary Science Research Program supports investigations of all classes Planetary Science Division space flight missions must use publicly available data released through

Rathbun, Julie A.

246

Mathematical Sciences Scientific Computing Research Environments (SCREMS)  

E-print Network

Mathematical Sciences Scientific Computing Research Environments (SCREMS) Project Summary Description 1. Overview, and Abstracts of Individual Research Projects Continuing advances in computer in research in computational mathematics, notably geometry (GANG1 ) and applied mathematics. In recent years

Sottile, Frank

247

Undergraduate Science Education: A Review of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a bibliographical review of research on undergraduate science education that involves a broad evaluation of the literature that defines the field. Discusses definitions of science education. Contains 306 references. (DDR)

Laws, Peter M.

1996-01-01

248

Nuclear Science Research Facilities Nuclear Science User Guide  

E-print Network

LANSCE User Guide Nuclear Science Research Facilities #12;#12;Nuclear Science User Guide Table techniques 8 Nuclear Science User Program 11 Proposal Process 13 Information for Prospective Users 14 disciplines and institutions in the U.S. and abroad. As described below, our proposal process provides access

249

ADHD--To Medicate or Not? Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What does the research indicate are the effects of medicating or not medicating adolescents with ADHD? Many parents and health care providers are rethinking and questioning the long-term effects of medication on children. Whether or not to medicate adolescents with ADHD is a conundrum that many parents face. Some parents believe their child will…

Walker, Karen

2009-01-01

250

[Anthropology of medical research in developing countries: a Senegalese experience].  

PubMed

Medical research is an essential tool of biomedicine that raises many social and ethical questions especially in resource-poor countries where the number of clinical trials has increased significantly over the past two decades. This article presents the way anthropology of medical research critically examines medical research in non-western countries without questioning its strategic importance for advances in scientific knowledge and in public health improvement. This article draws on observations conducted in Senegal in 2007 during a vaccine trial against meningitis and discusses, more broadly, medical research in non western-countries related to: the presence and management of medical research sites, the impact of medical research benefits on its representations and the questions raised by blood-stealing rumours regarding medical research practice itself. PMID:23351699

Ouvrier, Ashley

2013-01-01

251

Planetary Science Research Discoveries (PSRD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

PSRD is a Website dedicated to providing the discoveries made in planetary and space sciences through NASA-funded research. The NASA Cosmochemistry Program and the University of Hawaii sponsor this Website. Interesting aspects of the site are the Current Contents and Archive sections. Articles in the current contents section, which are accompanied by images, cover topics of current interest -- presently a conference on the origins and history of the Earth and Moon, and the composition of chondrules, spherical objects found in meteorites. Each article links to additional resources, and the section also offers a list of general links. The Archive section organizes previous Current Contents articles by topics such as Mercury, Earth, Moon, Mars, Mars Life Issues, The Jupiter System, Meteorites, Comets, and Origins. The Website also provides a searchable (by keyword) database and links to related resources.

252

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care High Risk Midwifery Module is to prepare midwives for the unpredictable nature of critical care in a midwifery environment. Women often women in maternity care. Critically analyse research evidence relating to complications in midwifery

Doran, Simon J.

253

Situation analysis of local ethical committees in medical sciences in Iran  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Local ethical committees in medical sciences in Iran were established in 1999 in order to assess and evaluate the observance of ethical standards throughout the universities and research centers. The purpose of this study is to analyze the situation of local ethical committees in order to develop research ethics guideline. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study which has been conducted with the support of WHO, 40 local ethical committees in all universities of medical sciences were evaluated by use of determined questionnaires. RESULTS: In this study, 40 universities of medical sciences participated; all of them have established local ethical committees. Each committee has 5 to 11 members and in more than 80% cases, written guidelines for selecting the committee's members are available. The minimum number of members for official session is at least 3 and replacement of absent members, did not take place in more than 85% of the committees. Informed consent in 95% of these local ethical committees is available. In all committees, researches regarding the use of human subjects are under ethical consideration. In half of the local ethical committees, penalties for non-compliance with the regulations are considered. The average number of research project evaluated in last session of these committees was 15.2 and the committees in 50% of cases have provided ethics training specifically for their members. CONCLUSIONS: Policymakers should develop a standard guideline for local ethical committees in medical science universities in Iran. PMID:22091250

Fakour, Yousef; Eftekhari, Monir Baradaran; Haghighi, Zohre; Mehr, Najmeh Khosravan; Hejazi, Farzaneh

2011-01-01

254

Tier 2 Canada Research Chair Medical Health Informatics  

E-print Network

, and the potential to achieve international recognition in the field of medical health informatics within the nextTier 2 Canada Research Chair in Medical Health Informatics Schulich School of Medicine intensive universities, seeks applicants for a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Medical Health Informatics

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

255

Arctic Social Sciences: Opportunities in Arctic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Congress passed the Arctic Research and Policy Act in 1984 and designated the National Science Foundation (NSF) the lead agency in implementing arctic research policy. In 1989, the parameters of arctic social science research were outlined, emphasizing three themes: human-environment interactions, community viability, and rapid social…

Arctic Research Consortium of the United States, Fairbanks, AK.

256

Advancing Research on Undergraduate Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue of "Journal of Research in Science Teaching" reflects conclusions and recommendations in the "Discipline-Based Education Research" (DBER) report and makes a substantial contribution to advancing the field. Research on undergraduate science learning is currently a loose affiliation of related fields. The…

Singer, Susan Rundell

2013-01-01

257

The Secure Medical Research Workspace: An IT Infrastructure to Enable Secure Research on Clinical Data  

PubMed Central

Clinical data has tremendous value for translational research, but only if security and privacy concerns can be addressed satisfactorily. A collaboration of clinical and informatics teams, including RENCI, NC TraCS, UNC’s School of Information and Library Science, Information Technology Service’s Research Computing and other partners at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed a system called the Secure Medical Research Workspace (SMRW) that enables researchers to use clinical data securely for research. SMRW significantly minimizes the risk presented when using of identified clinical data, thereby protecting patients, researchers, and institutions associated with the data. The SMRW is built on a novel combination of virtualization and data leakage protection and can be combined with other protection methodologies and scaled to production levels. PMID:23751029

Shoffner, Michael; Owen, Phillips; Mostafa, Javed; Lamm, Brent; Wang, Xiaoshu; Schmitt, Charles P.; Ahalt, Stanley C.

2013-01-01

258

Viewpoints on Medical Image Processing: From Science to Application  

PubMed Central

Medical image processing provides core innovation for medical imaging. This paper is focused on recent developments from science to applications analyzing the past fifteen years of history of the proceedings of the German annual meeting on medical image processing (BVM). Furthermore, some members of the program committee present their personal points of views: (i) multi-modality for imaging and diagnosis, (ii) analysis of diffusion-weighted imaging, (iii) model-based image analysis, (iv) registration of section images, (v) from images to information in digital endoscopy, and (vi) virtual reality and robotics. Medical imaging and medical image computing is seen as field of rapid development with clear trends to integrated applications in diagnostics, treatment planning and treatment. PMID:24078804

Deserno (ne Lehmann), Thomas M.; Handels, Heinz; Maier-Hein (ne Fritzsche), Klaus H.; Mersmann, Sven; Palm, Christoph; Tolxdorff, Thomas; Wagenknecht, Gudrun; Wittenberg, Thomas

2013-01-01

259

USGS Alaska Science Center, Biological Science Office: Research Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information about the research programs of the USGS Alaska Science Center - Biological Science Office (ASC-BSO). The programs are divided into several categories including Ecosystems & Habitats, Mammals, Technical Programs, Fish and Fisheries, and Birds. Links connect to research information about numerous program subcategories like Coastal and Marine, Sea Otters, Loons, Fisheries Projects, and more. The site also links to background information about the ASC-BSO, job listings, staff contact information, and the Alaska Science Center Publications Database.

2006-01-11

260

USGS Alaska Science Center, Biological Science Office: Research Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information about the research programs of the USGS Alaska Science Center - Biological Science Office (ASC-BSO). The programs are divided into several categories including Ecosystems & Habitats, Mammals, Technical Programs, Fish and Fisheries, and Birds. Links connect to research information about numerous program subcategories like Coastal and Marine, Sea Otters, Loons, Fisheries Projects, and more. The site also links to background information about the ASC-BSO, job listings, staff contact information, and the Alaska Science Center Publications Database.

261

Teacher Leaders In Research Based Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the web site home for the Teacher Leaders in Research Based Science Education (TLRBSE) program supported by the National Optical Astronomy Observatory. It is designed to retain and renew middle and high school teachers of science by integrating the best practices of Research Based Science Education with the process of mentoring. The program involves teachers in research while also building leadership skills and pedagogical tools.

2006-04-10

262

Research facility access & science education  

SciTech Connect

As Congress voted to terminate the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Laboratory in October of 1993, the Department of Energy was encouraged to maximize the benefits to the nation of approximately $2 billion which had already been expended to date on its evolution. Having been recruited to Texas from other intellectually challenging enclaves around the world, many regional scientists, especially physicists, of course, also began to look for viable ways to preserve some of the potentially short-lived gains made by Texas higher education in anticipation of {open_quotes}the SSC era.{close_quotes} In fact, by November, 1993, approximately 150 physicists and engineers from thirteen Texas universities and the SSC itself, had gathered on the SMU campus to discuss possible re-uses of the SSC assets. Participants at that meeting drew up a petition addressed to the state and federal governments requesting the creation of a joint Texas Facility for Science Education and Research. The idea was to create a facility, open to universities and industry alike, which would preserve the research and development infrastructure and continue the educational mission of the SSC.

Rosen, S.P. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States); Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Physics Dept.

1994-10-01

263

Reference earth orbital research and applications investigations (blue book). Volume 8: Life sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The functional program element for the life sciences facilities to operate aboard manned space stations is presented. The life sciences investigations will consist of the following subjects: (1) medical research, (2) vertebrate research, (3) plant research, (4) cells and tissue research, (5) invertebrate research, (6) life support and protection, and (7) man-system integration. The equipment required to provide the desired functional capability for the research facilities is defined. The goals and objectives of each research facility are described.

1971-01-01

264

Exercising privacy rights in medical science  

PubMed Central

Privacy laws are intended to preserve human well-being and improve medical outcomes. We used the Sportstats website, a repository of competitive athletic data, to test how easily these laws can be circumvented. We designed a haphazard, unrepresentative case-series analysis and applied unscientific methods based on an Internet connection and idle time. We found it both feasible and titillating to breach anonymity, stockpile personal information and generate misquotations. We extended our methods to snoop on celebrities, link to outside databases and uncover refusal to participate. Throughout our study, we evaded capture and public humiliation despite violating these 6 privacy fundamentals. We suggest that the legitimate principle of safeguarding personal privacy is undermined by the natural human tendency toward showing off. PMID:18056619

Hillmer, Michael; Redelmeier, Donald A.

2007-01-01

265

Applied Science and Research Applications: Recent Research Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains abstracts of new technical reports and other documents resulting from research supported by the directorate for Applied Science and Research Applications of the National Science Foundation. Research reports from current programs include work in the areas of public policy and regulation; public service delivery and urban…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate for Applied Science and Research Applications.

266

The Oral History Program: III. Personal views of health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association.  

PubMed Central

The Medical Library Association Oral History Program uses accepted oral history techniques to collect and preserve interviews with members. The original taped interviews and transcripts are kept in the Medical Library Association archives and made available for research purposes; edited copies of the interviews are distributed through the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, and members are encouraged to borrow and read the histories. Summaries of forty-three interviews provide personal views on health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association. PMID:9803287

McKenzie, D; Pifalo, V

1998-01-01

267

The Oral History Program: II. Personal views of health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association.  

PubMed Central

The Medical Library Association Oral History Program uses accepted oral history techniques to collect and preserve interviews with members. The original taped interviews and transcripts are kept in the Medical Library Association archives and made available for research purposes; edited copies of the interviews are distributed through the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, and members are encouraged to borrow and read the histories. Summaries of forty-three interviews provide personal views on health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association. PMID:9681172

McKenzie, D; Pifalo, V

1998-01-01

268

The Oral History Program: I. Personal views of health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association.  

PubMed Central

The Medical Library Association Oral History Program uses accepted oral history techniques to collect and preserve interviews with members. The original taped interviews and transcripts are kept in the Medical Library Association archives and made available for research purposes; edited copies of the interviews are distributed through the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, and members are encouraged to borrow and read the histories. Summaries of forty-three interviews provide personal views on health sciences librarianship and the Medical Library Association. PMID:9578936

McKenzie, D; Pifalo, V

1998-01-01

269

DIVISION OF GRADUATE MEDICAL SCIENCES BOSTON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE  

E-print Network

DIVISION OF GRADUATE MEDICAL SCIENCES BOSTON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE SCHEDULE OF CLASSES-353-4256 PLEASE NOTE COURSE IS HELD AT SCHOOL OF LAW GMS FS 803S-A1 ADVANCED FORENSIC CHEMISTRY 2 Th 5:00-8:50 PM EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT GMS BC 640S-B1 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND STATISTICS FOR EMERGENCY MANAGERS 2 M, W 4

Finzi, Adrien

270

Physical Sciences Research Plans for the International Space Station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied research will use a combination of ISS-based facilities, ground-based activities, and other experimental platforms to address issues impacting fundamental knowledge, industrial and medical applications on Earth, and the technology required for human space exploration. The current flight investigation research plan shows over 150 principal investigators selected to use the remaining planned research facilities. A description of all the physical sciences research facilities will be provided together with a discussion of a sample of the planned investigations.

Trinh, E.

2002-01-01

271

Science Selections. Accounts of Ongoing Scientific Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is intended to present science teachers with an opportunity to communicate to students the idea that science is an ongoing and never-ending process. The booklet contains supplemental materials, valuable as enrichment materials. A selection of ongoing research in the biological sciences, physics and astronomy, oceanography,…

Kornberg, Warren, Ed.

272

Developing a Research Agenda in Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science Summit reinforced a question upon which many of us in science education are focused: How can we, the science education community of researchers, practitioners, and consumers, lead policy? We include a brief review of the No Child Left Behind Act and its implications for teachers, and elaborate about one ongoing and growing effort to…

Simmons, Patricia E.; Brunkhorst, Herb; Lunetta, Vincent; Penick, John; Peterson, Jodi; Pietrucha, Barbara; Staver, John

2005-01-01

273

Social Science Research in the European Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides information about social science research sponsored and coordinated by the Commission of the European Communities. Discusses financial expenditures for research, research trends, and coordination and use of research results. Recommends formation of a three-year program of coordinated research projects. For journal availability, see SO 506…

Petrella, Riccardo

1977-01-01

274

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences electronic health record and medical informatics training for undergraduate health professionals.  

PubMed

The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) is planning interprofessional training in electronic health records (EHRs) and medical informatics. Training will be integrated throughout the curricula and will include seminars on broad concepts supplemented with online modules, didactic lectures, and hands-on experiences. Training will prepare future health professionals to use EHRs, evidence-based medicine, medical decision support, and point-of-care tools to reduce errors, improve standards of care, address Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act requirements and accreditation standards, and promote appropriate documentation to enable data retrieval for clinical research. UAMS will ensure that graduates are ready for the rapidly evolving practice environment created by the HITECH Act. PMID:20648253

Hart, Jan K; Newton, Bruce W; Boone, Steven E

2010-07-01

275

Developing a Research Agenda in Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science Summit reinforced a question upon which many of us in science education are focused: How can we, the science education community of researchers, practitioners, and consumers, lead policy? We include a brief review of the No Child Left Behind Act and its implications for teachers, and elaborate about one ongoing and growing effort to answer the concerns about the paucity of research expressed at the Summit. We describe a unique and growing collaboration across professional science education and science organizations and societies that focuses on the development of a research agenda. The term `consilience' refers to the "jumping together of knowledge" that leads to scientific advancements, progressive, creative, fluid scientific research and intellectual capacity to move a research community toward an enlightened research agenda. A coherent research agenda enables us to specify what we know, what we need to know, and how research can be employed for creating and implementing policy. The use of a dynamic organizer (such as Pasteur's Quadrant) for a research matrix of topics provides a possible structure for organizing and cataloging research questions, designs, findings from past studies, needed areas for research, and policy implications. Through this unique collaboration, the science education community can better focus on needs and priorities and ensure that teachers, policy makers, scientists, and researchers in education at local through national levels have an important stake in research priorities and actions.

Simmons, Patricia E.; Brunkhorst, Herb; Lunetta, Vincent; Penick, John; Peterson, Jodi; Pietrucha, Barbara; Staver, John

2005-06-01

276

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science  

E-print Network

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science FY 2006 Accomplishment HDF5-Fast fundamental Computer Science technologies and their application in production scientific research tools. Our technology � index, query, storage and retrieval � and use of such technology in computational and computer

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

277

The ICPSR and Social Science Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), a unit within the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, is the world's largest social science data archive. The data sets in the ICPRS database give the social sciences librarian/subject specialist an opportunity of providing value-added bibliographic…

Johnson, Wendell G.

2008-01-01

278

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features recent research in science teaching and learning. It presents three current articles of interest in life sciences education, as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. For articles listed as "Abstract available," full text may be…

Allen, Deborah

2012-01-01

279

Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research  

E-print Network

Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research Open questions in radiation transfer and Coffee 9:50 Opening ­ Ilan Koren, Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, WIS 10:00 Warren Wiscombe enigma: what contributes to oceanic backscattering?" 14:30 Eli Tziperman, Department of Earth

Einat, Aharonov

280

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science  

E-print Network

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science FY 2006 Accomplishment High Performance researcher may be interested in focusing scientific inquiry and study on locations in the computational collections of scientific data. In recent years, much of the work in computer and computational science has

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

281

UMASS AMHERST RESEARCH IS WHAT'S NEXT REPORT ON RESEARCH 2011 COMPUTER SCIENCE TAKES ON  

E-print Network

FOR ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE RESEARCH Economists James K. Boyce and Michael Ash have received a grant of $360,000 from the National Science Foundation to study Environmental Justice in the United States. Boyce, Ash, and colleagues, UMass Medical School received a five-year, $20-million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH

Nagurney, Anna

282

Medical technology advances from space research.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA-sponsored medical R & D programs for space applications are reviewed with particular attention to the benefits of these programs to earthbound medical services and to the general public. Notable among the results of these NASA programs is an integrated medical laboratory equipped with numerous advanced systems such as digital biotelemetry and automatic visual field mapping systems, sponge electrode caps for electroencephalograms, and sophisticated respiratory analysis equipment.

Pool, S. L.

1971-01-01

283

Physical sciences research plans for the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied research will use a combination of ISS-based facilities, ground-based activities, and other experimental platforms to address issues impacting fundamental knowledge, industrial and medical applications on Earth, and the technology required for human space exploration. The current flight investigation research plan shows a large number of principal investigators selected to use the remaining planned research facilities. c2003 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Trinh, E. H.

2003-01-01

284

The organization of an integrated basic medical science curriculum at a new medical school, Nottingham.  

PubMed

The detailed organization of an integrated medical sciences curriculum from its initial planning to the final stage of "automatic" administration are described. Although some reduction in departmental autonomy results, this is outweighed by the advantages of a timetable and curriculum prepared, planned and carried out in a cooperative manner. Flexibility and scope for controlled change and experiment are retained. PMID:979713

Olson, I A

1976-09-01

285

Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since 1969, the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), a private, nonprofit corporation, has worked closely with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to advance space science and technology and to promote education in those areas. USRA's Division of Space Life Sciences (DSLS) has been NASA's life sciences research partner for the past 18 years. For the last six years, our Cooperative Agreement NCC9-41 for the 'Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program' has stimulated and assisted life sciences research and education at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) - both at the Center and in collaboration with outside academic institutions. To accomplish our objectives, the DSLS has facilitated extramural research, developed and managed educational programs, recruited and employed visiting and staff scientists, and managed scientific meetings.

Coats, Alfred C.

2001-01-01

286

An innovative portfolio of research training programs for medical students.  

PubMed

Medical student education continues to evolve, with an increasing emphasis on evidence-based decision making in clinical settings. Many schools are introducing scholarly programs to their curriculum in order to foster the development of critical thinking and analytic skills, encourage self-directed learning, and develop more individualized learning experiences. In addition, participation in rigorous scholarly projects teaches students that clinical care and research should inform each other, with the goal of providing more benefit to patients and society. Physician-scientists, and physicians who have a better appreciation of science, have the potential to be leaders in the field who will deliver outstanding clinical care, contribute new knowledge, and educate their patients. PMID:22418729

Zier, Karen; Wyatt, Christina; Muller, David

2012-12-01

287

Science attitudes and knowledge among preclinical medical students in Pokhara, Nepal.  

PubMed

Knowledge of science and the scientific method are important in learning about and using evidence-based medicine in practice. Courses in research methodology have been introduced for both medical students and practicing doctors. In Pokhara, the basic science subjects are taught in an integrated manner during the first four semesters of the undergraduate medical course. Studies on students' attitudes towards and knowledge of science are lacking in medical colleges in Nepal. Hence the study was carried out to obtain information on students' attitude towards and knowledge of science and scientific methodology among preclinical medical students and note the association, if any, of students' attitudes and their demographic characteristics. The study was carried out in March 2005 among the students of the first four semesters at the Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal using a questionnaire developed by Hren and coworkers. Two hundred and twenty students (overall response rate 73.3%) successfully completed the questionnaire. Seventy-five respondents were Nepalese, 115 were Indians, 27 were Sri Lankans and 3 belonged to other nationalities. The X +/- SD total attitude score was 147.4 +/- 10.8 (neutral score 135). The X +/- SD scores on the subscales, value of science to humanity, value of scientific methodology and value of science to medicine were 51.3 +/- 5.4, 39.6 +/- 3.7 and 58.5 +/- 5.9 (neutral scores were 36, 51 and 48 respectively). The knowledge score measured using a set of 8 multiple choice questions was 3.3 +/- 1.4. The attitude scores were lower and the knowledge score was comparable to that reported previously in a study in Croatia but higher than that reported from Southeast Europe. PMID:18041371

Shankar, P Ravi; Dubey, Arun K; Upadhyay, Dinesh K; Subish, P; Mishra, Pranaya

2007-09-01

288

Sports Science Roundtable: Does Sports Science Research Influence Practice?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As sports scientists, we claim to make a signifi cant contribution to the body of knowledge that infl uences athletic practice and performance. Is this the reality? At the inaugural congress of the Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science, a panel of well-credentialed academic experts with experience in the applied environment debated the question, Does sports-science research influence practice?

David Bishop; Angus Burnett; Damien Farrow; Tim Gabbett; Robert Newton

2006-01-01

289

NIH's National Institute of General Medical Sciences celebrates 45 years of Discovery for Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Alison Davis NIH's National Institute of General Medical Sciences celebrates 45 years of Discovery for Health The National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) is the NIH institute that primarily supports ...

290

Outline of a design science research process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions about the body of knowledge of information systems, including the research domain, relevant perspectives and methods have been going on for a long time. Many researchers vote for a combination of research perspectives and their respective research methodologies; rigour and relevance as requirements in design science are generally accepted. What has been lacking is a formalisation of a detailed

Philipp Offermann; Olga Levina; Marten Schönherr; Udo Bub

2009-01-01

291

[Medical sciences in the ommeyyade's time in Cordoue].  

PubMed

The Latin translations of major Arabian texts have largely contributed to the rise of medical sciences in christian Western during the middle age. Among the pharmacologist Andalusian erudites who have been translated into Latin language, for example by Gerard de Crémone, Al-Zahrâwî (Albucasis) and Ibn Wâfid are references. Al-Zahrâwî has written about materia medica in several books included in his thirty volume's encyclopaedia: al-tasrif. Ivn Wâfid has given to the medical world two remarkable treatises: a really formuler kitâb al-wisâd fî-l-tibb though a book of the simple drugs, kitâb fî al-adwiya al-mufrada. PMID:11625293

Ricordel, J

1998-01-01

292

Education and research in medical optronics in France  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

First we present here the main post-graduate courses proposed in France both for physicians and engineers in medical optronics. After we explain which medical domains are concerned by this teaching, essentially computer assisted surgery, telemedicine and functional exploration. Then we show the main research axes in these fields, in which new jobs have to be invented and new educational approaches have to be prepared in order to satisfy the demand coming both from hospitals (mainly referent hospitals) and from industry (essentially medical imaging and instrumentation companies). Finally we will conclude that medical optronics is an important step in an entire chain of acquisition and processing of medical data, capable to create the medical knowledge a surgeon or a physician needs for diagnosis or therapy purposes. Optimizing the teaching of medical optronics needs a complete integration from acquiring to modeling the medical reality. This tendency to give a holistic education in medical imaging and instrumentation is called `Model driven Acquisition' learning.

Demongeot, Jacques; Fleute, M.; Herve, T.; Lavallee, Stephane

2000-06-01

293

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme in Science (UROPS) Research Project Proposal Form  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme in Science (UROPS) Research Project Proposal Form and programming. #12;Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme in Science (UROPS) Research Project Proposal Research Opportunities Programme in Science (UROPS) Research Project Proposal Form Project No /Academic Yr

Aslaksen, Helmer

294

Evaluation of medical research performance - position paper of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF)  

PubMed Central

Objective: The evaluation of medical research performance is a key prerequisite for the systematic advancement of medical faculties, research foci, academic departments, and individual scientists’ careers. However, it is often based on vaguely defined aims and questionable methods and can thereby lead to unwanted regulatory effects. The current paper aims at defining the position of German academic medicine toward the aims, methods, and consequences of its evaluation. Methods: During the Berlin Forum of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF) held on 18 October 2013, international experts presented data on methods for evaluating medical research performance. Subsequent discussions among representatives of relevant scientific organizations and within three ad-hoc writing groups led to a first draft of this article. Further discussions within the AWMF Committee for Evaluation of Performance in Research and Teaching and the AWMF Executive Board resulted in the final consented version presented here. Results: The AWMF recommends modifications to the current system of evaluating medical research performance. Evaluations should follow clearly defined and communicated aims and consist of both summative and formative components. Informed peer reviews are valuable but feasible in longer time intervals only. They can be complemented by objective indicators. However, the Journal Impact Factor is not an appropriate measure for evaluating individual publications or their authors. The scientific “impact” rather requires multidimensional evaluation. Indicators of potential relevance in this context may include, e.g., normalized citation rates of scientific publications, other forms of reception by the scientific community and the public, and activities in scientific organizations, research synthesis and science communication. In addition, differentiated recommendations are made for evaluating the acquisition of third-party funds and the promotion of junior scientists. Conclusions: With the explicit recommendations presented in the current position paper, the AWMF suggests enhancements to the practice of evaluating medical research performance by faculties, ministries and research funding organizations. PMID:24971044

Herrmann-Lingen, Christoph; Brunner, Edgar; Hildenbrand, Sibylle; Loew, Thomas H.; Raupach, Tobias; Spies, Claudia; Treede, Rolf-Detlef; Vahl, Christian-Friedrich; Wenz, Hans-Jurgen

2014-01-01

295

NASA technology utilization applications. [transfer of medical sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work is reported from September 1972 through August 1973 by the Technology Applications Group of the Science Communication Division (SCD), formerly the Biological Sciences Communication Project (BSCP) in the Department of Medical and Public Affairs of the George Washington University. The work was supportive of many aspects of the NASA Technology Utilization program but in particular those dealing with Biomedical and Technology Application Teams, Applications Engineering projects, new technology reporting and documentation and transfer activities. Of particular interest are detailed reports on the progress of various hardware projects, and suggestions and criteria for the evaluation of candidate hardware projects. Finally some observations about the future expansion of the TU program are offered.

1973-01-01

296

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree)  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science ­ Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree) ­ Bachelor of Radiologic Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-FRAS] Regional College Catalog Year: 2012 Sectional Anatomy in Medical Imaging 3 C #12;Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science ­ Diagnostic Medical

Sheridan, Scott

297

Advanced Medical Technology and Network Systems Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The focus of the Medical Vanguard Project has continued to progress in the fields of telemedicine, surgical simulation, and distance education. The key areas that the annual report presents includes: The shift from interactive video based telemedicine to ...

S. K. Mun

1999-01-01

298

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council Mathematical sciences research  

E-print Network

mathematics research that can have an impact. Research from the last century has paved the way for technology, and as such the direct GVA impact of maths in 2010 is proportionately higher than the share of employment (16 per cent, that has generated a range of impressive and far-reaching impacts. The fruits of mathematical research

Painter, Kevin

299

Measuring Contributions to the Research Mission of Medical Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Members of a research panel of the Association of American Medical Colleges offer guidelines for the development and use of measures to assess contributions of faculty, departments, and institutions to the research mission of medical schools. Reviews measures most commonly used and concludes that quantitative information can help institutional…

Holmes, Edward W.; Burks, Thomas F.; Dzau, Victor; Hindery, Michael A.; Jones, Robert F.; Kaye, Celia I.; Korn, David; Limbird, Lee E.; Marchase, Richard B.; Perlmutter, Roger; Sanfilippo, Fred; Strom, Brian L.

2000-01-01

300

http://smm.sagepub.com/ Statistical Methods in Medical Research  

E-print Network

http://smm.sagepub.com/ Statistical Methods in Medical Research http: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:Statistical Methods in Medical Research://smm.sagepub.com/subscriptionsSubscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.navReprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journals

Krishnamoorthy, Kalimuthu

301

Genetic Engineering of Animals for Medical Research: Students' Views.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the results of a survey meant to ascertain the views of 16- to 18-year-old students (n=778) on using animals in medical research. Suggests that students have no greater objection to the use of genetically engineered animals over naturally bred animals in medical research. Contains 16 references. (Author/WRM)

Hill, Ruaraidh; Stanisstreet, Martin; O'Sullivan, Helen; Boyes, Edward

1999-01-01

302

Emotional intelligence of medical residents of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.  

PubMed

Nowadays, educators pay attention to emotional intelligence which is defined as the ability to monitor and explain one's own and other's emotional experience and feelings to differentiate between them as well as applying necessary information for determining thoughts and actions. The goal of this study was to determine emotional intelligence of medical residents of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. By means of two stage cluster sampling, 98 medical residents of Tehran University of Medical Sciences were selected. Participants were asked to fill valid and reliable Persian version of Emotional Quotient inventory (EQ-i) questionnaire which had been developed due to Bar-On model. Seventy two filled-up questionnaires were returned (RR=73%). Mean EI score of all participants was 319.94 ± 32.4. Mean EI score was not significantly different between male and female also, single and married participants. EI did not differ significantly in residents in respect to their discipline. Mean responsibility subscale differ significantly between male and female participants (P=0.008). Multiple regression analysis showed that happiness subscale is a predictive factor for total EI score (B=-0.32, P=0.009). Responsibility subscale differed significantly between men and women participants and happiness subscale was a good predictor for emotional intelligence score. These factors should be considered in education of medical residents. PMID:23605604

Ghajarzadeh, Mahsa; Mohammadifar, Mehdi

2013-01-01

303

Between Clinical Medicine and the Laboratory: Medical Research Funding in France from 1945 to the Present  

Microsoft Academic Search

: By focusing on funding methods, this paper considers the way in which medical research eventually led to the science-based medicine that is prevalent in France today. This process seems to have taken place in three stages during the second half of the twentieth century. In the 1940s and 1950s, two major events occurred. The first was the creation of

Jean-François Picard; Laurence Esterle

2011-01-01

304

Between Clinical Medicine and the Laboratory: Medical Research Funding in France from 1945 to the Present  

Microsoft Academic Search

By focusing on funding methods, this paper considers the way in which medical research eventually led to the science-based medicine that is prevalent in France today. This process seems to have taken place in three stages during the second half of the twentieth century. In the 1940s and 1950s, two major events occurred. The first was the creation of a

Jean-François Picard; Laurence Esterle

2011-01-01

305

Centers of Research Excellence in Science and Technology  

NSF Publications Database

... FOR RESEARCH EXCELLENCE IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION DIRECTORATE FOR ... Characterization Science and Processing Technology 11? Map of CREST Centers and HBCU-RISE Awards 12 ...

306

FACULTY RESEARCH GUIDE Computer Science Department  

E-print Network

1 FACULTY RESEARCH GUIDE 2012-13 Computer Science Department Carnegie Mellon University ©2011 are programming languages, parallel computing, and algorithms. In my research, I aim to raise the level Carnegie Mellon University #12;2 FOREWORD This file presents the current research interests of the faculty

Andrews, Peter B.

307

Research frontiers in the physical sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a prestigious generalist journal with a high scholarly reputation and a long influential history, the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences), is an ideal vehicle for charting research frontiers across the physical sciences. It is the world's longest running scientific journal, and all issues since its foundation in 1665 are archived electronically

J. M. T. Thompson

2002-01-01

308

Office of Institutional Research Assessment Social Science  

E-print Network

Office of Institutional Research Assessment Fall 2009 Social Science Binghamton University (State things being equal, the social sciences are healthy and vigorous at Binghamton University, these courses) This committee finds the level of achievement and satisfaction with student learning outcomes in the social

Suzuki, Masatsugu

309

SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA  

E-print Network

SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA George F R Ellis A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT for the Royal Society of South Africa February 14, 2001 #12;i Preface This science policy discussion document has been written by Prof G F R Ellis (University of Cape Town) on behalf of the Royal Society of South Africa

Blake, Edwin

310

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature is designed to point "CBE - Life Sciences Education" readers to current articles of interest in life sciences education as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. For articles listed as "Abstract available," full text may…

Allen, Deborah

2014-01-01

311

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature is designed to point "CBE-Life Sciences Education" readers to current articles of interest in life sciences education, as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. This themed issue focuses on recent studies of concepts and…

Allen, Deborah

2013-01-01

312

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is designed to point "CBE-Life Sciences Education" readers to current articles of interest in life sciences education as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. For articles listed as "Abstract available," full text may be…

Allen, Deborah

2013-01-01

313

Social Science Research Serving Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles provides an overview of some of the recent social science research projects performed by state agricultural experiment stations. The examples highlight social science's contribution to problem-solving in rural business, industry, farming, communities, government, education, and families. The following programs are…

Miron, Mary, Ed.

314

|reportinglifesciencesresearch Reporting Life Sciences Research  

E-print Network

For Life Sciences Articles that this information is reported. Reporting Experimental Design Sample size the experiments what sample size is needed to ensure statistical power of detection. If no sample size calculation was performed, the authors should report why they think the sample size is adequate to measure their effect size

Cai, Long

315

Academic Science & Industrial Research, 1920-1975  

Cancer.gov

A Penny for your Quotes? Assessing the impact of Biological Resource Centers on Life Sciences Research Jeff Furman (Boston U & NBER) Scott Stern (Northwestern U & NBER) NCI's Biospecimen Best Practices Forum November 5, 2007 1 Motivation: Knowledge

316

c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH NOTE  

E-print Network

c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH NOTE A novel 355­357delGAG mutation and frequency of connexin CHALESHTORI2 and MOHAMMAD TAGHI AKBARI3,4 1 Department of Molecular Medicine, Pasteur Institute of Iran, No

Boyer, Edmond

317

Modifying the Medical Research Council grading system through Rasch analyses.  

PubMed

The Medical Research Council grading system has served through decades for the evaluation of muscle strength and has been recognized as a cardinal feature of daily neurological, rehabilitation and general medicine examination of patients, despite being respectfully criticized due to the unequal width of its response options. No study has systematically examined, through modern psychometric approach, whether physicians are able to properly use the Medical Research Council grades. The objectives of this study were: (i) to investigate physicians' ability to discriminate among the Medical Research Council categories in patients with different neuromuscular disorders and with various degrees of weakness through thresholds examination using Rasch analysis as a modern psychometric method; (ii) to examine possible factors influencing physicians' ability to apply the Medical Research Council categories through differential item function analyses; and (iii) to examine whether the widely used Medical Research Council 12 muscles sum score in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy would meet Rasch model's expectations. A total of 1065 patients were included from nine cohorts with the following diseases: Guillain-Barré syndrome (n?=?480); myotonic dystrophy type-1 (n?=?169); chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (n?=?139); limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (n?=?105); multifocal motor neuropathy (n?=?102); Pompe's disease (n?=?62) and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined related polyneuropathy (n?=?8). Medical Research Council data of 72 muscles were collected. Rasch analyses were performed on Medical Research Council data for each cohort separately and after pooling data at the muscle level to increase category frequencies, and on the Medical Research Council sum score in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Disordered thresholds were demonstrated in 74-79% of the muscles examined, indicating physicians' inability to discriminate between most Medical Research Council categories. Factors such as physicians' experience or illness type did not influence these findings. Thresholds were restored after rescoring the Medical Research Council grades from six to four options (0, paralysis; 1, severe weakness; 2, slight weakness; 3, normal strength). The Medical Research Council sum score acceptably fulfilled Rasch model expectations after rescoring the response options and creating subsets to resolve local dependency and item bias on diagnosis. In conclusion, a modified, Rasch-built four response category Medical Research Council grading system is proposed, resolving clinicians' inability to differentiate among its original response categories and improving clinical applicability. A modified Medical Research Council sum score at the interval level is presented and is recommended for future studies in Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. PMID:22189568

Vanhoutte, Els Karla; Faber, Catharina Gerritdina; van Nes, Sonja Ingrid; Jacobs, Bart Casper; van Doorn, Pieter Antoon; van Koningsveld, Rinske; Cornblath, David Reid; van der Kooi, Anneke Jelly; Cats, Elisabeth Aviva; van den Berg, Leonard Hendrik; Notermans, Nicolette Claudia; van der Pol, Willem Lodewijk; Hermans, Mieke Catharina Elisabeth; van der Beek, Nadine Anna Maria Elisabeth; Gorson, Kenneth Craig; Eurelings, Marijke; Engelsman, Jeroen; Boot, Hendrik; Meijer, Ronaldus Jacobus; Lauria, Giuseppe; Tennant, Alan; Merkies, Ingemar Sergio José

2012-05-01

318

How Has Basic Science Research Improved Treatment For Lung Diseases?  

MedlinePLUS

... Series ©2011 American Thoracic Society What is basic science research? Basic science research: Is conducted to better understand what causes ... of several examples of the application of basic science research being used to guide treatment and improve ...

319

Ordinal scale and statistics in medical research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of the 1982 editions of 12 medical journals showed that in at least 70% of 175 papers employing ordinal measurement scales, statistical methods were used, which do, in fact, assume a more refined measurement scale. Non-parametric methods suited for analysis of ordinal data are listed.

M Forrest; B Andersen

1986-01-01

320

FIRST REFLECTIONS FROM A WORKSHOP ON SCIENCE POLICY RESEARCH AND SCIENCE POLICY DECISIONS  

E-print Network

science and innovation policy decisions. The workshop, sponsored by the US National Science Foundation policy, technology policy, research policy, innovation policy, science and technology studies, as well policy research or science and technology studies. Better integration of such topical communities

Colorado at Boulder, University of

321

National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR)  

E-print Network

..................................................................... 38 PLASTICITY AND ADAPTATION OF TISSUE IN RESPONSE TO ACTIVITY AND ENVIRONMENT....... 39 by an increase in the number of quality applications from rehabilitation researchers and researchers from allied

Rau, Don C.

322

Center for Science & Technology Policy Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Science and Technology Policy Research (CSTPR) was created in 2001 and their goal is "to improve how science and technology policies address societal needs, through research, education and service." Part of this goal is accomplished via their well-designed site, which features policy papers, news updates, and highlights from recent conferences and seminars sponsored under their direction. Visitors can click on the "CSTPR Multimedia Gallery", found on the left hand side of the homepage, to view presentations such as "Environmental Human Rights" and "Loving Science to Death: Problems at the Intersection of Science and Policy". Moving on, visitors shouldn't miss their newsletter, "Ogmius". Each edition contains highlights of recent research, news about Center events, and policy commentary. Scholars won't want to miss the "Publications" area, which features information about recently published books by Center affiliates and listings of their work in professional journals.

323

The Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries' collaboration with the Association of American Medical Colleges, Medical Library Association, and other organizations  

PubMed Central

The Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries has made collaboration with other organizations a fundamental success strategy throughout its twenty-five year history. From the beginning its relationships with Association of American Medical Colleges and with the Medical Library Association have shaped its mission and influenced its success at promoting academic health sciences libraries' roles in their institutions. This article describes and evaluates those relationships. It also describes evolving relationships with other organizations including the National Library of Medicine and the Association of Research Libraries. PMID:12883582

Jenkins, Carol G.; Bader, Shelley A.

2003-01-01

324

Repositioning social science in natural hazards research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The classical view of social science held by the scientific natural hazards community is that social science is needed in two possible ways: (1) to help with the communication of understanding of natural hazards, grounded in an assumed knowledge deficit or the ‘deficit model' in which it is ‘the public that are assumed to be "deficient", while science is "sufficient" ' (Sturgis and Allum, 2004); or (2) to develop the policy changes needed to address the implications of natural hazards research for human populations. In both of these, social science becomes bolted on to natural hazards research, rather than fully integrated through the research process. In this paper, and using the example of flood risk management, I will show that these two approaches are fundamentally flawed, requiring a radical reformulation of the relationship between natural science and social science, grounded in new interdisciplinary ways of working. My argument has two directions. The first will demonstrate why the reformulation is needed, based upon changing societal expectations over entitlement to scientific knowledge (e.g. Freedom of Information), as well as new emphases on digital dissemination and access to scientists and scientific findings. Taken together, I will present evidence that these drivers are enabling those who live with natural hazards to become much more involved in challenging the assumptions and methods of hazards researchers. Natural hazards research is now subject to much more vociferous scrutiny. The second direction will illustrate how we have responded to this by developing new interdisciplinary ways of doing natural hazards research in which social science methods and public involvement are embedded throughout the research process, from the beginning, during project formulation and framing, through to the end, during delivery of solutions. Rather than public involvement becoming a hindrance to delivering better flood risk management, I will show that the integration of both conventional scientific knowledge with lay or vernacular knowledge, throughout the research process, produces risk management solutions that are more sustainable and more realistic than those that have been attempted before.

Lane, S. N.

2009-04-01

325

New Paradigms in Translational Science Research in Cancer Biomarkers  

PubMed Central

Despite significant investments in basic science by the US National Institutes of Health, there is a concern that the return on this investment has been limited in terms of clinical utility. In the field of biomarkers, translational research is used to bridge the gap between the results of basic research that identify biomolecules involved in or the consequence of carcinogenesis and their incorporation into medical application. The cultural separation between different scientific disciplines often makes it difficult to establish the multidisciplinary and multi-skilled teams that are necessary for successful translational research. The field of biomarker research requires extensive interactions between academic researchers and industrial developers, and clinicians are needed to help shape the research direction that can only be addressed by multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional approach. In this article, we provide our perspective on the relatively slow pace of cancer biomarker translation, especially those for early detection and screening. PMID:22424436

Wagner, Paul D.; Srivastava, Sudhir

2012-01-01

326

Physical sciences research plans for the international space station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The restructuring of the research capabilities of the International Space Station has forced a reassessment of the Physical Sciences research plans and a re-targeting of the major scientific thrusts. The combination of already selected peer-reviewed flight investigations with the initiation of new research and technology programs will allow the maximization of the ISS scientific and technological potential. Fundamental and applied research will use a combination of ISS-based facilities, ground-based activities, and other experimental platforms to address issues impacting fundamental knowledge, industrial and medical applications on Earth, and the technology required for human space exploration. The current flight investigation research plan shows a large number of principal investigators selected to use the remaining planned research facilities.

Trinh, E. H.

2003-08-01

327

Science education research interests of elementary teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education researchers have always sought to improve the quality of our nation's schools. One way of doing this is to make research findings on the teaching of science available to teachers. Perhaps an even more effective way is to plan research studies with teachers' interests in mind. The purpose of this study was to determine the science education research interests of elementary teachers and to examine the data according to certain demographic variables. The sample consisted of 553 elementary teachers in 98 schools from across the nation. The survey instrument contained 28 items, 16 of which were included on a survey instrument prepared by White et al. The data collected using the Likert-type questionnaire were dichotomized as 1 important and O not important and were analyzed using the Cochran Test and the McNemar Test for post hoc comparisons. Results of the study indicate that the top five research interests of teachers in the order of preference are: hands-on experiences, science content of the curriculum, cognitive development and learning styles, problem solving, and teaching strategies. The area of lowest interest was research on sex differences.Results of the survey have several important implications for science education. First, they can be used to help science educators plan research that may be of interest to elementary teachers. Second, they can be used by groups such as NSTA who publish research reviews, and by colleges and universities that prepare elementary teachers, as a guide to not only what is of interest to elementary teachers, but to identify those areas of research for which dissemination has been lacking.

Gabel, Dorothy; Samuel, K. V.; Helgeson, Stanley; McGuire, Saundra; Novak, Joseph; Butzow, John

328

Research on the distributed electronic medical records storage model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional electronic medical records storage pattern has became the bottleneck of its rapid development, this paper introduce the cloud storage mechanism for electronic medical records, HBase is a distributed column-oriented database built on top of Hadoop Distributed File System based on the common computer cluster. After researched on the distribution storage mechanism of Hadoop Distributed File System and the

Yang Jin; Tang Deyu; Zheng Xianrong

2011-01-01

329

Department of Medical Genome Sciences, Department of Computational Biology, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tok Entrance Examination Guide  

E-print Network

Department of Medical Genome Sciences, Department of Computational Biology, Graduate School of Medical Genome Sciences Department of Computational Biology Department of Medical Genome Sciences's Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, and #12;the Institute of Medical Science, as well as courses

Yamamoto, Hirosuke

330

UK government funding for mathematical sciences research  

E-print Network

UK government funding for mathematical sciences research A briefing paper of the London councils 3 Funding councils 6 Appendix: funding council allocation of research support 9 1 #12;EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. UK government funding for universities comes essentially in three parts: funds for teaching

Burton, Geoffrey R.

331

Environmental Research Puts Science into Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new paradigm for student research should be articulations and collaborations with local governmental, academic, and civic entities. This will enable students to make lasting contributions to bettering their communities through scientific research, and to better understand the practical relevance of science. This article presents two such…

Zaikowski, Lori; Lichtman, Paul

2007-01-01

332

Science, democracy, and the right to research.  

PubMed

Debates over the politicization of science have led some to claim that scientists have or should have a "right to research." This article examines the political meaning and implications of the right to research with respect to different historical conceptions of rights. The more common "liberal" view sees rights as protections against social and political interference. The "republican" view, in contrast, conceives rights as claims to civic membership. Building on the republican view of rights, this article conceives the right to research as embedding science more firmly and explicitly within society, rather than sheltering science from society. From this perspective, all citizens should enjoy a general right to free inquiry, but this right to inquiry does not necessarily encompass all scientific research. Because rights are most reliably protected when embedded within democratic culture and institutions, claims for a right to research should be considered in light of how the research in question contributes to democracy. By putting both research and rights in a social context, this article shows that the claim for a right to research is best understood, not as a guarantee for public support of science, but as a way to initiate public deliberation and debate about which sorts of inquiry deserve public support. PMID:19434517

Brown, Mark B; Guston, David H

2009-09-01

333

Research Methods in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as a resource and an indispensable companion to welcome educators into the community of social science research. While it is recognized that some methodological frameworks are incompatible with others, the overarching premise of the book is to indicate how a wide range of researchers choose a methodology and methods which are…

Somekh, Bridget, Ed.; Lewin, Cathy, Ed.

2005-01-01

334

A Note about Information Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the relationship between information science research and practice and briefly describes current research on 10 topics in information retrieval literature: vector processing retrieval strategy, probabilistic retrieval models, inverted file procedures, relevance feedback, Boolean query formulations, front-end procedures, citation…

Salton, Gerard

1985-01-01

335

REVIEW OF RESEARCH STUDIES IN SCIENCE EDUCATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SECONDARY SCHOOL SCIENCE EDUCATION RESEARCH STUDIES CONDUCTED DURING 1963-65 ARE REVIEWED AND COMPARED WITH THOSE REVIEWED DURING 1961-63. TITLES OF 195 RESEARCH REPORTS WERE OBTAINED FROM PERIODICALS, SERIAL AND NONSERIAL BULLETINS, AND INDEXES. ABSTRACTS OF 125 DOCUMENTS WERE OBTAINED AND REVIEWED BY A COMMITTEE. THE STUDIES WERE CLASSIFIED AS…

TAYLOR, WAYNE; AND OTHERS

336

Quality of life of medical students in Tehran University of Medical Sciences.  

PubMed

This study aims to investigate the quality of life (QOL) of Tehran University of Medical Sciences' (TUMS) medical students at different educational levels and specify the most important factors related to this quality. A sample of 242 medical students was selected randomly, given their number in three educational levels (basic sciences, physiopathology-stager and intern). The QOL was measured by WHOQOL-BREF. The students obtained average high score in two psychological and environmental health domains, and low score in physical health and social relationship domains. As the educational level of students increased their quality of life decreased at all four domains. At social relationship domain, the female students had overall better situation as compared to males (p=0.009). The female and male students had opposite condition at the level of basic sciences and internship, in a way that the female students earned higher marks at basic sciences level and the males at internship level (P= 0.008). The condition of female students in terms of environmental, physical and psychological health became static while their education rose. However, only environmental health of the male students reduced as their education level increased (P= 0.05). The students were of undesirable conditions in two domains of social relationship and physical health. Internship is a specific level in both groups which has a negative impact on the dimensions of quality of life and naturally needs more care for the students. Married status improved the students' QOL and could moderate the undesired effects of internship. PMID:24902021

Heidari, Mohammad; Majdzadeh, Reza; Pasalar, Parvin; Nedjat, Saharnaz

2014-01-01

337

Increasing the efficiency of medical research with dynamic research summaries for researchers and consumers  

PubMed Central

Literature reviews are usually the first step in conducting medical research projects. They often lead to the creation of a useful research question. However, this initial step in medical research contains inefficiencies, which if removed, could speed up the research process and thereby enhance development of innovative health related products. In addition, existing research article databases offer information which is inaccessible to most lay consumers. This article proposes an alternative approach for allowing researchers to assess the state of research in a particular area called “dynamic research summaries.” These summaries would offer a regularly updated narrative of existing research in any given area. They could increase the speed at which researchers of all levels review literature and develop useful research questions. In addition, this article proposes translating this information into a consumer friendly form that enhances the ability of non-expert consumers to review existing research relevant to their illness or a loved one’s illness. This consumer friendly version could also be translated into other languages, such as Spanish in the US, to increase accessibility for minority groups that speak other languages more proficiently. Finally, the article discusses the potential of either the public or private sector leading efforts to develop dynamic research summaries for experts and consumers PMID:22708074

Payne, Perry W.

2012-01-01

338

http://smm.sagepub.com/ Statistical Methods in Medical Research  

E-print Network

Med Res Trevor Hastie and Robert Tibshirani Generalized additive models for medical research Published Hastie and Robert Tibshirani* Department of Statistics and Division of Biostatistics, Stanford University. Address for correspondence: Robert Tibshirani, Department of Statistics, Sequoia Hall, Stanford University

Hastie, Trevor

339

Then & Now: Medical Research Pays Off for All Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Issues Then & Now Medical Research Pays Off for All Americans Past Issues / Fall 2007 Table of Contents ... which afflict tens of millions of Americans of all ages. William Howard Taft—Then & Now Taft's Condition ...

340

Development of Meharry Medical College Prostate Cancer Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A prostate cancer (PCa) research program has been established at Meharry Medical College. There is substantial urology, oncology, epidemiology, nutrition and other expertise at Meharry and Vanderbilt addressing issues of PCa disparities, and 4 program inv...

F. A. Ukoli

2010-01-01

341

Genetic Research: Mining for Medical Treasures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

FASEB Breakthroughs in Bioscience article. "Knock-out" mice, in which specific genes have been inactivated, have been tremendously useful in helping researchers understand the genetic basis of disease. Moreover, "knock out" mice also serve as animal models for human diseases, allowing researchers to develop treatments and diagnostic tests for genetic diseases.

Cathryn M. Delude (The Writing Group)

2010-07-12

342

Medical Education: A Particularly Complex Intervention to Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous debate has explored whether medical education research should become more like health services research in terms of frameworks, collaborations and methodologies. Notable recent changes in health services research include an increasing emphasis on complex interventions, defined as interventions that involve more than one component. The…

Mattick, Karen; Barnes, Rebecca; Dieppe, Paul

2013-01-01

343

MIRASS: medical informatics research activity support system using information mashup network.  

PubMed

The advancement of information technology has facilitated the automation and feasibility of online information sharing. The second generation of the World Wide Web (Web 2.0) enables the collaboration and sharing of online information through Web-serving applications. Data mashup, which is considered a Web 2.0 platform, plays an important role in information and communication technology applications. However, few ideas have been transformed into education and research domains, particularly in medical informatics. The creation of a friendly environment for medical informatics research requires the removal of certain obstacles in terms of search time, resource credibility, and search result accuracy. This paper considers three glitches that researchers encounter in medical informatics research; these glitches include the quality of papers obtained from scientific search engines (particularly, Web of Science and Science Direct), the quality of articles from the indices of these search engines, and the customizability and flexibility of these search engines. A customizable search engine for trusted resources of medical informatics was developed and implemented through data mashup. Results show that the proposed search engine improves the usability of scientific search engines for medical informatics. Pipe search engine was found to be more efficient than other engines. PMID:24700079

Kiah, M L M; Zaidan, B B; Zaidan, A A; Nabi, Mohamed; Ibraheem, Rabiu

2014-04-01

344

Capital Request Microbial Sciences Research Building Twin Cities  

E-print Network

Capital Request 2014 Microbial Sciences Research Building Twin Cities Background The invisible. · Thespacewillbeflexibletoencourage collaborativework. Consolidate microbial science programs of the College of Biological Science; the College of Food, Agricultural, and Natural Resources Sciences; and the College of Veterinary Medicine

Minnesota, University of

345

Making disability visible: How disability studies might transform the medical and science writing classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes how disability studies can be used in a medical and science writing class to critically examine the assumptions of scientific discourse. An emerging, interdisciplinary field, disability studies draws on feminist, postmodern, and post?colonial theory and extends their critiques to the medicalization of disability. Deconstructing the medical model of disability helps students understand how science is socially constructed.

James C. Wilson

2000-01-01

346

Global change research: Science and policy  

SciTech Connect

This report characterizes certain aspects of the Global Change Research Program of the US Government, and its relevance to the short and medium term needs of policy makers in the public and private sectors. It addresses some of the difficulties inherent in the science and policy interface on the issues of global change. Finally, this report offers some proposals for improving the science for policy process in the context of global environmental change.

Rayner, S.

1993-05-01

347

Launch vouchers for space science research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Consideration is given to the proposed use of space transportation vouchers for space science payloads. The vouchers would be financially backed by the government, and would be issued to researches for redemption on any mode of space transportation. The possible impact of vouchers on the pace of space science and developments in space transportation are examined, focusing on the costs and benefits of vouchers and strategies for designing a voucher program.

Macauley, Molly K.

1989-01-01

348

Research on Gender in Science and Engineering  

NSF Publications Database

The Research on Gender in Science and Engineering program has been funding these objectives since 1993, under the prior names "Program for Women and Girls" (PWG), "Program for Gender Equity in Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology" (PGE), and "Gender Diversity in STEM Education" (GDSE). Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: This solicitation contains information that supplements the standard Grant Proposal Guide (GPG) proposal preparation guidelines. NSF expects to fund 10 ...

349

Community Science, Philosophy of Science, and the Practice of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Embedded in community science are implicit theories on the nature of reality (ontology), the justification of knowledge claims (epistemology), and how knowledge is constructed (methodology). These implicit theories influence the conceptualization and practice of research, and open up or constrain its possibilities. The purpose of this paper is to make some of these theories explicit, trace their intellectual history, and

Jacob Kraemer Tebes

2005-01-01

350

Doing Research in Political Science Political Science 205-01  

E-print Network

and social scientific thinking skills while also helping you distinguish between scholarly and non, formulate their own research questions and develop analytical strategies to evaluate those questions. In the first part of the course we will review the features of science, the scientific method, and core

Young, Paul Thomas

351

Doing Research in Political Science Political Science 205-02  

E-print Network

and social scientific thinking skills while also helping you distinguish between scholarly and non, formulate their own research questions and develop analytical strategies to evaluate those questions. In the first part of the course we will review the features of science, the scientific method, and core

Young, Paul Thomas

352

Doing Research in Political Science Political Science 205-03  

E-print Network

and social scientific thinking skills while also helping you distinguish between scholarly and non, formulate their own research questions and develop analytical strategies to evaluate those questions. In the first part of the course we will review the features of science, the scientific method, and core

Young, Paul Thomas

353

Surgery as a career choice among medical students at University of Medical Sciences and Technology  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students are the source of a country’s surgeons. There are concerns regarding a possible decline in the proportion of students choosing surgery as a career in some developing countries. Objective To identify the level of interest in surgical careers and the factors influence a student’s interest in pursuing a surgical career in Sudan. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in September 2013 at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan. A self administered questionnaire was distributed to 887 male and female students, (from first to fifth academic years) recruited in the study. Results Response rate was 73% with 647 questionnaires were collected, out of 887 medical students. Of the returned questionnaires, 604 were valid. Most of the students have decided upon a specialty 541 (89.6%) while 63 (10.4%) did not. Two hundred (36.9%) out of the 541 respondents stated that surgery is their choice for specialty. General Surgery was the popular surgical specialty (48%), followed by Cardiothoracic Surgery (16.5%), Neurosurgery (11%) and Orthopedics (10.5%). Compared with students interested in a career in other medical specialties, those interested in surgery were younger (Pre-clerkship students). Conclusion Surgery is the most popular choice of postgraduate training by medical students. Fewer than half of the medical students who choose surgery were willing to consider general surgery as a future career choice. Financial reasons and advice from of others were considered by many students as important factors to select surgery.

Alawad, Awad Ali M; Khan, Waleed S; Abdelrazig, Yousif M; Elzain, Yamin I; Khalil, Hassan O; Elsayed, Omer B; Adam, Omeralfaroug A

2014-01-01

354

Life-sciences research opportunities in commercial suborbital space flight  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commercial suborbital space flights will reach altitudes above 100 km, with 3-5 min of weightlessness bracketed by high-g launch and landing phases. The proposed frequency of these flights, and the large passenger population, present interesting opportunities for researchers in the life sciences. The characteristics of suborbital flight are between those of parabolic and orbital flights, opening up new scientific possibilities and easing the burden for obtaining access to 0g. There are several areas where these flights might be used for research in the life sciences: (1) operational research: preparation for “real” space flight, such as rehearsal of medical procedures, (2) applied research-to answer questions relevant to long-term space flight; (3) passenger health and safety-effects on passengers, relevant to screening and training; (4) basic research in physiological mechanisms-to address issues of fundamental science. We describe possible projects in each of these categories. One in particular spans several areas. Based on the anticipated suborbital flight profiles, observations from parabolic flight, and the wide range of fitness and experience levels of suborbital passengers, sensorimotor disturbances such as motion sickness and disorientation are major concerns. Protocols for pre-flight adaptation of sensorimotor responses might help to alleviate some of these problems, based on results from research in the initial flights. This would improve the passenger experience and add to the knowledge base relevant to space flight more generally.

Shelhamer, Mark

2014-11-01

355

National Exposure Research Laboratory: Environmental Sciences Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Environmental Sciences Division (ESD) of the Office of Research and Development's National Exposure Research Laboratory conducts research, development, and technology transfer programs on environmental exposures to ecological and human receptors." Chemists can discover ESD's methods for characterizing chemical stressors and its research and monitoring of contamination. Researchers can download various models for contaminate transport, data analysis, and environmental assessments. The website provides many online scientific articles dealing with ESD's projects including spatial interpolations, the Trace Organic Analysis, and the use of a mass spectrometer in environmental forensics.

356

Information and its role in medical and pharmaceutical science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a record of the lecture at the Lecturer Meeting for Scientific and Technical Information, which was held as one of the events of Science and Technology Week in 1989. Lecturer explains how the scientific information takes part in research and how researchers make use of it, based on his own experience. He states that the information is especially important in R & D and creative research, by showing the case of studies in the chironomidmidges as an example. Referring to the researches being conducted outside of large cities, he states that online service have eliminated the regional differences in obtaining scientific information and gave researchers much more time for carring out their own research works. Finally, he expects that floppy disk will become popular as one of the information media in the future.

Sassa, Manabu

357

Developing research skills in medical students: AMEE Guide No. 69.  

PubMed

This Guide has been written to provide guidance for individuals involved in curriculum design who wish to develop research skills and foster the attributes in medical undergraduates that help develop research. The Guide will provoke debate on an important subject, and although written specifically with undergraduate medical education in mind, we hope that it will be of interest to all those involved with other health professionals' education. Initially, the Guide describes why research skills and its related attributes are important to those pursuing a medical career. It also explores the reasons why research skills and an ethos of research should be instilled into professionals of the future. The Guide also tries to define what these skills and attributes should be for medical students and lays out the case for providing opportunities to develop research expertise in the undergraduate curriculum. Potential methods to encourage the development of research-related attributes are explored as are some suggestions as to how research skills could be taught and assessed within already busy curricula. This publication also discusses the real and potential barriers to developing research skills in undergraduate students, and suggests strategies to overcome or circumvent these. Whilst we anticipate that this Guide will appeal to all levels of expertise in terms of student research, we hope that, through the use of case studies, we will provide practical advice to those currently developing this area within their curriculum. PMID:22905661

Laidlaw, Anita; Aiton, Jim; Struthers, Julie; Guild, Simon

2012-01-01

358

A Prescription that Addresses the Decline of Basic Science Education in Medical School.  

PubMed

Over 30 years ago a cry rang out through the proverbial halls of academia; "The clinician scientist is an endangered species." These prophetic words have been reverberated in the ears of every specialty and every general medical organization in deafening tones. Why is the role of the clinician scientist or clinician investigator so important that this phrase has been repeated subsequently in medical and educational journals? Simply put, the clinician scientist bridges the ravine between the ever-growing mountain of scientific knowledge and the demanding patient centered clinical care. Here, we describe the current educational model established by the University of Calgary, Leaders in Medicine Program. Our program seeks to train future physicians and clinician scientists by incorporating training in basic science, translational and clinical research with clinical and medical education in a longitudinal program to students of traditional MD/PhD, MD/MSc or MD/MBA stream as well as interested Doctor of Medicine students. PMID:25282135

Miller, Daniel; Thornton, Christina S; Keough, Michael B; Roberts, Jodie I; Yipp, Bryan; Hollenberg, Morley; Bau, Jason T; Peplowski, Michael A; Beck, Paul L

2014-01-01

359

Visionlearning: Research Methods: The Practice of Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This instructional module introduces four types of research methods: experimentation, description, comparison, and modeling. It was developed to help learners understand that the classic definition of the "scientific method" does not capture the dynamic nature of science investigation. As learners explore each methodology, they develop an understanding of why scientists use multiple methods to gather data and develop hypotheses. It is appropriate for introductory physics courses and for teachers seeking content support in research practices. Editor's Note: Secondary students often cling to the notion that scientific research follows a stock, standard "scientific method". They may be unaware of the differences between experimental research, correlative studies, observation, and computer-based modeling research. In this resource, they can glimpse each methodology in the context of a real study done by respected scientists. This resource is part of Visionlearning, an award-winning set of classroom-tested modules for science education.

Carpi, Anthony; Egger, Anne

360

Portraits of care: medical research through portraiture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Portraits of Care study used portraiture to investigate ideas about care and care giving at the intersection of art and medicine. The study employed mixed methods involving both qualitative and quantitative research techniques. All aspects of the study were approved by the Institutional Review Board. The study included 26 patient and 20 caregiver subjects. Patient subjects were drawn from

Virginia A Aita; William M Lydiatt; Mark A Gilbert

2010-01-01

361

Writing the Original Medical Research Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

An original article is generally considered a cornerstone of modern research. It is a detailed written presentation of novel and original data that undergo peer review. The current paper describes in detail how to draw up an original article effectively, using strategies such as modern information technology and a rational sequence of writing title page, materials and methods, figures and

Thomas Andersen Schmidt; Jan Bech; Keld Kjeldsen

2005-01-01

362

Medical research: assessing the benefits to society  

E-print Network

the application of research to the practice of medicine and the advancement of human health and welfare; promote.1 Introduction 15 2.2 Bibliometric analysis 15 2.2.1 The use of bibliometric analysis in Public Service Agreement (PSA) targets 18 2.3 Case study analysis 18 2.3.1 Examples of the case study approach 19 2

Rambaut, Andrew

363

VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER RESEARCH SHARED RESOURCES  

E-print Network

and Shared Resources offer access to a wide array of cutting-edge technologies, high- end instrumentation to conduct high-quality state-of-the-art research. The listings in this handbook provide more details about.mc.vanderbilt.edu/CFUIS . Core Service Fees and Funding Support While user fees are charged for services and products provided

Bordenstein, Seth

364

Misrepresentation and responsibility in medical research.  

PubMed

Early in 1985, after being questioned about duplicate data in two of his papers, Robert A. Slutsky, M.D., resigned his appointments as a radiology resident (trainee) and nonsalaried associate clinical professor in the Department of Radiology at the University of California, San Diego. During the following year, faculty committees investigated Slutsky's entire bibliography of 137 articles published in seven years; 77 (including reviews) were classified as valid, 48 were judged questionable, and 12 were deemed fraudulent. The majority of these papers were published while Slutsky was a research or clinical trainee in cardiology, nuclear medicine, and then radiology. Our analysis of this case leads us to conclude that research fraud, although probably rare, in view of the size of the research establishment, may evade detection, and that there are scientists prepared to run the appreciable risk of submitting inaccurate statements for publication. Sophisticated dishonesty can escape detection by peer review and replication. The emphasis on competition and the pressure to produce, while intended to advance the discovery of truth, may foster a conflict between personal career goals and the intellectual motivation of scientists to seek the truth. The scientific community needs to address the issues raised by recent reports of fraud. Each institution and granting agency must have procedures for investigating suspected fraud or unethical practices, procedures that protect both the person who reports such practices and the accused person from premature disclosure. As we heighten awareness, we must avoid a "witch hunt." Deterrence of research fraud is clearly needed, but institution of practices that might stifle originality or discourage cooperative research would be counterproductive. PMID:3317039

Engler, R L; Covell, J W; Friedman, P J; Kitcher, P S; Peters, R M

1987-11-26

365

The (human) science of medical virtual learning environments  

PubMed Central

The uptake of virtual simulation technologies in both military and civilian surgical contexts has been both slow and patchy. The failure of the virtual reality community in the 1990s and early 2000s to deliver affordable and accessible training systems stems not only from an obsessive quest to develop the ‘ultimate’ in so-called ‘immersive’ hardware solutions, from head-mounted displays to large-scale projection theatres, but also from a comprehensive lack of attention to the needs of the end users. While many still perceive the science of simulation to be defined by technological advances, such as computing power, specialized graphics hardware, advanced interactive controllers, displays and so on, the true science underpinning simulation—the science that helps to guarantee the transfer of skills from the simulated to the real—is that of human factors, a well-established discipline that focuses on the abilities and limitations of the end user when designing interactive systems, as opposed to the more commercially explicit components of technology. Based on three surgical simulation case studies, the importance of a human factors approach to the design of appropriate simulation content and interactive hardware for medical simulation is illustrated. The studies demonstrate that it is unnecessary to pursue real-world fidelity in all instances in order to achieve psychological fidelity—the degree to which the simulated tasks reproduce and foster knowledge, skills and behaviours that can be reliably transferred to real-world training applications. PMID:21149363

Stone, Robert J.

2011-01-01

366

Using databases in medical education research: AMEE Guide No. 77.  

PubMed

This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to the use of databases in medical education research. It is intended for those who are contemplating conducting research in medical education but are new to the field. The Guide is structured around the process of planning your research so that data collection, management and analysis are appropriate for the research question. Throughout we consider contextual possibilities and constraints to educational research using databases, such as the resources available, and provide concrete examples of medical education research to illustrate many points. The first section of the Guide explains the difference between different types of data and classifying data, and addresses the rationale for research using databases in medical education. We explain the difference between qualitative research and qualitative data, the difference between categorical and quantitative data, and the difference types of data which fall into these categories. The Guide reviews the strengths and weaknesses of qualitative and quantitative research. The next section is structured around how to work with quantitative and qualitative databases and provides guidance on the many practicalities of setting up a database. This includes how to organise your database, including anonymising data and coding, as well as preparing and describing your data so it is ready for analysis. The critical matter of the ethics of using databases in medical educational research, including using routinely collected data versus data collected for research purposes, and issues of confidentiality, is discussed. Core to the Guide is drawing out the similarities and differences in working with different types of data and different types of databases. Future AMEE Guides in the research series will address statistical analysis of data in more detail. PMID:23621147

Cleland, Jennifer; Scott, Neil; Harrild, Kirsten; Moffat, Mandy

2013-05-01

367

National Science Foundation: Education-Research Overview  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Science Foundation (NSF) works on a number of outreach programs designed to improve the quality of science education. This website provides information and materials on this work by offering visitors classroom resources, reports on recent studies, and other materials. First-time visitors can click on the "Education Discoveries" to learn about how the NSF's research has been applied to molecular genetics, cyber security enhancements, and the migration of red-tailed hawks. Visitors should also click on the "Virtual Science Project" tab to learn more about the Maryland Virtual High School Earthquake Project, which is an attempt to bring the same problem solving and technology rich approaches used in private industry into the classroom. Moving on, the "Educational Classroom Resources" include links to science education websites that have been vetted by NSF staff members.

368

Context Thesaurus for the Extraction of Metadata from Medical Research Papers  

E-print Network

Context Thesaurus for the Extraction of Metadata from Medical Research Papers Michael Shepherd of metadata from medical research papers. Medical research papers tend to have stereotypic prescribed sections the term, medical, then we could extract the attribute- value pair, research=medical, for use as metadata

Shepherd, Mike

369

76 FR 19188 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...general areas of biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel...

2011-04-06

370

75 FR 23847 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...and Development and Clinical Science Research and [[Page 23848...general areas of biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel...

2010-05-04

371

77 FR 26069 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...general areas of biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel...

2012-05-02

372

76 FR 66367 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...general areas of biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel...

2011-10-26

373

75 FR 57833 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...general areas of biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel...

2010-09-22

374

76 FR 79273 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...general areas of biomedical, behavioral, and clinical science research. The panel...

2011-12-21

375

78 FR 28292 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...general areas of biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel...

2013-05-14

376

76 FR 24974 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...general areas of biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel...

2011-05-03

377

76 FR 1212 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...and Development and Clinical Science Research and Development Services...general areas of biomedical, behavioral and clinical science research. The panel...

2011-01-07

378

The Impact of the Behavioral Sciences on the Collecting Policy of Medical School Libraries *  

PubMed Central

The scope of medical science has broadened to embrace subject areas in the behavioral and social sciences. Medical school curricula have responded to this trend, and the response is inevitably making itself felt in the medical school library. One medical school library's efforts to identify significant library materials in this area are presented as an example of a technique and as an indication of an order of magnitude. A master list of appropriate journal titles is appended. PMID:14119295

MacKenzie, Ruth C.; Bloomquist, Harold

1964-01-01

379

Research Design and Methods of Quantitative Synthesis of Medical Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To review the scientific principles, strengths, and limitations of research designs and methods of quantitative synthesis of medical evidence.Data Sources: We used MEDLINE to perform a systematic search for literature using the keywords research design, epidemiology, and biometry. Journals searched included six major journals in obstetrics and gynecology and three in general medicine. These sources were supplemented with texts

Jeffrey F Peipert; Deidre S Gifford; Lori A Boardman

1997-01-01

380

Mathematics education research embracing arts and sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a young field in its own right (unlike the ancient discipline of mathematics), mathematics education research has been\\u000a eclectic in drawing upon the established knowledge bases and methodologies of other fields. Psychology served as an early\\u000a model for a paradigm that valorized psychometric research, largely based in the theoretical frameworks of cognitive science.\\u000a More recently, with the recognition of

Norma Presmeg

2009-01-01

381

COSEE New England Ocean Science Researcher Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you an ocean science researcher who would you like assistance engaging in educational outreach and achieving broader impacts? This site will help you connect with educators in order to build meaningful educational collaborations. The website includes resources, ideas, and tools for researchers to become effectively involved in education and outreach. The site also features information on upcoming workshops and activities that will foster effect programs.

382

Teacher Research Programs Participation Improves Student Achievement in Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research experience programs engage teachers in the hands-on practice of science. Program advocates assert that program participation enhances teachers' skills in communicating science to students. We have measured the impact of New York City public high school science teacher participation in Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers on their students' academic performance in science. In the year prior

J. Dubner

2009-01-01

383

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

. Module Content Individual learning style Individual learning, studying and assessment strategies Activities Coaching Assessment Academic essay: 2500 words. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School

Doran, Simon J.

384

The charisma and deception of reparative therapies: when medical science beds religion.  

PubMed

In this article, I examine the history and resurgence of interest in sexual reorientation or reparative therapies. I begin with a critique of the contemporary "ex-gay" movement, interrogating Exodus as the prototype of a politico-religious transformational ministry that works to "cure" homosexuals, and examine how Exodus utilizes ex-gay testimony to deceive harried homosexuals looking for escape from the effects of internalized and cultural homophobia. Next, I investigate how reparative therapies function as orthodox treatments that charismatically meld conservative religious perspectives with medical science to produce a pseudoscience promising to treat homosexuality effectively. In this regard, I assess the ongoing debate regarding gay-affirming versus reparative therapies by first looking at the history of medicalizing homosexuality and then surveying the debate spurred by Robert L. Spitzer's research. I conclude with a consideration of research needed to measure whether efficacious change in sexual orientation is possible. PMID:19064479

Grace, André P

2008-01-01

385

Extension/Research Professor of Weed Science  

E-print Network

John Byrd Extension/Research Professor of Weed Science Box 9555 Mississippi State, MS 39762 662 excellent weed exterminators. Kerosene or waste oil from garages..." · "...oils of this kind should feet would seem a fair estimate." #12;Sulfuric Acid Spray: A practical means for the control of weeds

Watson, Craig A.

386

Recent Research in Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feature is designed to point readers of this journal to current articles of interest in life sciences education as well as more general and noteworthy publications in education research. URLs are provided for the abstracts or full text of articles. For articles listed as "Abstract available," full text may be accessible at the indicated URL…

Dolan, Erin

2010-01-01

387

FIELD RESEARCH WITHOUT THE SOCIAL SCIENCE BIAS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IN A SOCIAL SCIENCE FIELD RESEARCH PROJECT 80 YOUTH IN THE BEDFORD-STUYVESANT AREA OF BROOKLYN WILL BE TRAINED TO GATHER DATA ABOUT THEIR COMMUNITY AND WILL BE TAUGHT TO CODE AND EVALUATE THEIR FINDINGS. FOLLOWING THE COMPLETION OF THE COMMUNITY SURVEY, ONE-HALF OF THE TRAINEES WILL CONTINUE IN A 6-MONTH TRAINING PROGRAM IN COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION,…

Center for Urban Education, New York, NY.

388

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme in Science  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme in Science THE MATHEMATICS OF ASTROLOGY DOES HOUSE/2001 #12;1 Table of Contents I. A Brief Overview of Astrology - Introduction 2 - Different Genres 2 - Methodology of Astrology 2 - Geocentric Model vs. Heliocentric Model 3 II. Formalism of Astrology - Basic

Aslaksen, Helmer

389

Center Funding Research on Math, Science Cognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four years ago, federal officials launched an initiative to study mathematics and science cognition. Since then, that program has begun to exert its influence through the relatively modest but steady flow of public funding it provides for scholarly research. In this article, the author features the federal center entitled, Program on Mathematics…

Cavanagh, Sean

2006-01-01

390

Life Works: Explore Health and Medical Science Careers | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Careers Life Works: Explore Health and Medical Science Careers Past Issues / Summer 2011 Table of Contents ... to technicians and therapists. The NIH Office of Science Education has a Web site that lists and ...

391

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences-Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology)  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Sciences- Diagnostic Medical Sonography (with certification and ATS Radiologic Technology) Bachelor of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-HATS] Regional in radiologic technology; successfully completed the certification exam for the American Registry of Radiologic

Sheridan, Scott

392

The British Medical Bulletin 1943-1993. A guide to medical science and thought in Britain.  

PubMed

Established 50 years ago by The British Council, to promote medical science abroad, the British Medical Bulletin (BMB) has evolved from a stencilled list of abstracts into a distinguished medical periodical. It has reflected the extraordinary diversity of advances that have been made in medicine in this country. During these 5 decades anti-microbial chemotherapy has become firmly established; organ and tissue transplantation have become a reality; the significance of Watson and Crick's discovery of the structure of DNA has been realised by the increasing applications of molecular biology to human disease; and modern investigative techniques, particularly magnetic resonance imaging, have made the human body virtually transparent. At the same time the BMB has mirrored fresh concerns, with, for example, industrial and environmental hazards, with newly recognised infectious agents, and increasingly with the medico-social problems of the modern era. This paper reviews the scientific contributions of the Bulletin and some of the administrative and financial structures that have supported it. PMID:8324601

Tansey, E M; Booth, C C

1993-01-01

393

[The relevance of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) for medical publishing and research].  

PubMed

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors is a leading independent institution providing guidance for the report of biomedical research and health related topics in medical journals. Established in 1978, it is currently constituted by editors of fourteen general medical journals from different countries, plus one representative for the US National Library of Medicine and one representative for the World Association of Biomedical Journal Editors. Since 1978 the Committee provides a document, originally named "Uniform Requirements…", "to help authors, editors, and others involved in peer review and biomedical publishing create and distribute accurate, clear, unbiased medical journal articles". This document has been updated several times and the last version was released in August 2013, now renamed "Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals", available in www.icmje.org and citable as "ICMJE Recommendations". A vast proportion of medical journals, worldwide, have adopted these recommendations as rules. The ICMJE discusses and provides guidance on several relevant aspects including criteria on authorship, peer review, scientific misconduct, conflicts of interest, clinical trials registration, good editorial practices, the relations between editors and journal owners, the protection of individuals subject to medical research, the solvency of electronic publications, among others. The 2013 ICMJE Annual Meeting took place in Santiago, Chile, in November 4 and 5. The photograph shows attendants to the final session. PMID:24861118

Reyes, Humberto B

2014-01-01

394

Occupational Practices and the Making of Health News: A National Survey of U.S. Health and Medical Science Journalists  

Microsoft Academic Search

News media coverage of health topics can frame and heighten the salience of health-related issues, thus influencing the public's beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Through their routine coverage of scientific developments, news media are a critical intermediary in translating research for the public, patients, practitioners, and policymakers. Until now, little was known about how health and medical science reporters and editors

K. Viswanath; Kelly D. Blake; Helen I. Meissner; Nicole Gottlieb Saiontz; Corey Mull; Carol S. Freeman; Bradford Hesse; Robert T. Croyle

2008-01-01

395

Grounded theory in medical education research: AMEE Guide No. 70.  

PubMed

Qualitative research in general and the grounded theory approach in particular, have become increasingly prominent in medical education research in recent years. In this Guide, we first provide a historical perspective on the origin and evolution of grounded theory. We then outline the principles underlying the grounded theory approach and the procedures for doing a grounded theory study, illustrating these elements with real examples. Next, we address key critiques of grounded theory, which continue to shape how the method is perceived and used. Finally, pitfalls and controversies in grounded theory research are examined to provide a balanced view of both the potential and the challenges of this approach. This Guide aims to assist researchers new to grounded theory to approach their studies in a disciplined and rigorous fashion, to challenge experienced researchers to reflect on their assumptions, and to arm readers of medical education research with an approach to critically appraising the quality of grounded theory studies. PMID:22913519

Watling, Christopher J; Lingard, Lorelei

2012-01-01

396

Patient confidentiality in the research use of clinical medical databases.  

PubMed

Electronic medical record keeping has led to increased interest in analyzing historical patient data to improve care delivery. Such research use of patient data, however, raises concerns about confidentiality and institutional liability. Institutional review boards must balance patient data security with a researcher's ability to explore potentially important clinical relationships. We considered the issues involved when patient records from health care institutions are used in medical research. We also explored current regulations on patient confidentiality, the need for identifying information in research, and the effectiveness of deidentification and data security. We will present an algorithm for researchers to use to think about the data security needs of their research, and we will introduce a vocabulary for documenting these techniques in proposals and publications. PMID:17329644

Krishna, Rajeev; Kelleher, Kelly; Stahlberg, Eric

2007-04-01

397

Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns  

E-print Network

1 Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns: Discussions among of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213­3890 Abstract Computer Science research what privacy practices computer science researchers should adopt, if any. These issues are already very

398

Research Misconduct and the Physical Sciences  

SciTech Connect

Research misconduct includes the fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism (FFP) of concepts or ideas; some institutions have expanded this concept to include ''other serious deviations (OSD) from accepted research practice.'' An action can be evaluated as research misconduct if it involves activities unique to the practice of science and could negatively affect the scientific record. Although the number of cases of research misconduct is uncertain (formal records are kept only by the NIH and the NSF), the costs are high in integrity of the scientific record, diversions from research to investigate allegations, ruined careers of those eventually exonerated, and erosion of public confidence in science. Currently, research misconduct policies vary from institution to institution and from government agency to government agency; some have highly developed guidelines that include OSD, others have no guidelines at ail. One result has been that the federal False Claims Act has been used to pursue allegations of research misconduct and have them adjudicated in the federal court, rather than being judged by scientific peers. The federal government will soon establish a first-ever research misconduct policy that would apply to all research funded by the federal government regardless of what agency funded the research or whether the research was carried out in a government, industrial or university laboratory. Physical scientists, who up to now have only infrequently been the subject or research misconduct allegations, must none-the-less become active in the debate over research misconduct policies and how they are implemented since they will now be explicitly covered by this new federal wide policy.

HM Kerch; JJ Dooley

1999-10-11

399

Global Methylation in Exposure Biology and Translational Medical Science  

PubMed Central

Background: Many groups are actively investigating how the epigenetic state relates to environmental exposures and development of disease, including cancer. There are myriad choices for capturing and measuring the epigenetic state of a tissue, ranging from assessing the total methyl-CpG content to array-based platforms that simultaneously probe hundreds of thousands of CpG loci. There is an emerging literature that uses CpG methylation at repetitive sequences, including LINE-1 (long interspersed nuclear element-1) elements, to capture the epigenomic state. Objectives: We explored the complexity of using CpG methylation at repetitive sequences in epidemiology and translational medical research and suggest needed avenues of research to clarify its meaning and utility. Conclusions: Among the most urgent avenues of research is the need for prospective studies to eliminate the possibilities of reverse causality, and development of new LINE-1 assays that capture both class of LINE-1 element and copy number. PMID:21669556

Marsit, Carmen J.; Kelsey, Karl T.

2011-01-01

400

Portraits of care: medical research through portraiture.  

PubMed

The Portraits of Care study used portraiture to investigate ideas about care and care giving at the intersection of art and medicine. The study employed mixed methods involving both qualitative and quantitative research techniques. All aspects of the study were approved by the Institutional Review Board. The study included 26 patient and 20 caregiver subjects. Patient subjects were drawn from across the lifespan and included healthy and ill patients. Caregiver subjects included professional and familial caregivers. All subjects gave their informed consent for the study and the subsequent exhibition of artwork. The artist drew or painted 100 portraits during the 2-year study. A multi-disciplinary analysis team carried out the initial analysis of portraits and subject data. Findings from their qualitative analysis were used to develop a quantitative survey and qualitative journal tool that the public used to give feedback at the subsequent exhibition. Exhibition data confirmed the initial findings. Study results showed the introspection of subjects that revealed their sense of identity and psychological status. Patients appear as 'whole people', not fragmented by diagnosis. Caregivers' portraits reveal their commitment to care. There is also a sense of mutuality and fluidity in the background stories of subjects. Many patient subjects have been caregivers and, at times, caregivers are also patients. Public data emphasised the identity transformation of subjects, the centrality of the idea of mortality, the presence of hope despite adversity, and the importance of empathy and compassion in care. PMID:21393267

Aita, Virginia A; Lydiatt, William M; Gilbert, Mark A

2010-06-01

401

Patient perceptions on the subject of medical research  

PubMed Central

While performing medical research we often spend little time addressing patient’s views on how research participants perceive the trial will affect their own condition. This manuscript identifies various ways in which the field of medicine must approach the important subject of patient’s outlook. The described approach is vital to succeed at achieving meaningful patient’s involvement in research. PMID:25378954

Ventolini, Gary; Goodwin, Breanna; Woody, Courtney

2014-01-01

402

Launch vouchers for space science research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent national space policy proposes the use of space transportation vouchers to increase opportunities for space-based science research and to support the U.S. space transportation industry. Vouchers issued and financially backed by the government would be given to researchers for redemption on any mode of space transportation. This paper examines the economic costs and benefits of vouchers; incentive-based strategies for effective program design; and areas where the voucher scheme is weak. It is concluded that, under plausible assumptions, vouchers may well be a cost-effective way to achieve near-term space transportation for space research payloads.

Macauley, Molly K.

1989-01-01

403

Environmental Research Puts Science into Action  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The new paradigm for student research should be articulations and collaborations with local governmental, academic, and civic entities. This will enable students to make lasting contributions to bettering their communities through scientific research, and to better understand the practical relevance of science. This article presents two such programs--Chemistry in Action Research (CiA) and the South Shore Estuary Watch (SSEW)--which allow students from Long Island, New York, to participate in a variety of projects of importance to and in partnership with the community. Examples of projects include reduction of storm water runoff contaminants, bioremediation, wetland restoration, elimination or minimization of eutrophic conditions, and invasive species studies.

Zaikowski, Lori; Lichtman, Paul

2007-04-01

404

Medical practice employee selection: application of recent research findings.  

PubMed

Findings based on recent research are presented to support the universal use of tests measuring general mental ability (GMA) and the Big Five personality factor of conscientiousness to evaluate applicants for all medical practice and health care system clerical, nursing, and office management positions. Widely validated measures of both of these factors are identified. These findings simplify the process of identifying employment methods for jobs in medical practices. This research also suggests that for some jobs, Work Samples, Structured Interviews, or other Big Five personality factors may add some incremental validity to the GMA + Conscientiousness combination. This should be determined based on job analysis. PMID:12661485

Solomon, Robert J

2003-01-01

405

[Perspective technologies and researches in the areaof medical laboratory diagnostics].  

PubMed

The main principles of organisation of medical laboratory diagnostics are efficiency of analysis, mobility of laboratory services and quality of researches. These goals can be achieved by the use of portative laboratory analizers, by automation and computerization of the laboratorial service, by development and adoption of new laboratory technologies, integrating different methods and types of research. It is necessary to pay attention to the problem of NPT and indication of pathogenic germs. Priority areas of medical laboratory diagnostics development are: development and use of portative laboratory analyzers; development of chemical, that help to speed up and cheapen researches, improve effectiveness of laboratory diagnostics of infections and indications of pathogenic and other germ; development of new, more sensitive, specific, but simple methods of laboratory analysis; development of complex methods and types of researches, further implementation of methods and researches with different principles of action; development and implementation of new methods of NPT results recording; automation and computerization of the laboratorial diagnostics. PMID:24000640

Ivanov, A M; Zhdanov, K V; Krivoruchko, A A; Ivo?lov, O O

2013-06-01

406

Recruiting Underserved Mothers to Medical Research: Findings from North Carolina  

PubMed Central

Representative samples are required for ethical, valid, and useful health research. Yet, recruiting participants, especially from historically underserved communities, can be challenging. This paper presents findings from in-depth interviews with 40 mothers about factors that might influence their willingness to participate or allow their children to participate in medical research. Saliency analysis organizes the findings. Frequent and important salient themes about research participation included concerns that it might cause participants harm, hope that participants might gain a health benefit, and recognition that time and transportation resources could limit participation. Ultimately, we propose that a theoretical model, such as the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), will facilitate more systematic evaluation of effective methods for recruitment and retention of participants in medical research. Future research should explore the utility of such a model for development of effective recruitment and retention strategies. PMID:24185171

Spears, Chaya R.; Sandberg, Joanne C.; O'Neill, Jenna L.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Howard, Timothy D.; Feldman, Steven R.; Arcury, Thomas A.

2014-01-01

407

Recruiting underserved mothers to medical research: findings from North Carolina.  

PubMed

Representative samples are required for ethical, valid, and useful health research. Yet, recruiting participants, especially from historically underserved communities, can be challenging. This paper presents findings from in-depth interviews with 40 mothers about factors that might influence their willingness to participate or allow their children to participate in medical research. Saliency analysis organizes the findings. Frequent and important salient themes about research participation included concerns that it might cause participants harm, hope that participants might gain a health benefit, and recognition that time and transportation resources could limit participation. Ultimately, we propose that a theoretical model, such as the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), will facilitate more systematic evaluation of effective methods for recruitment and retention of participants in medical research. Future research should explore the utility of such a model for development of effective recruitment and retention strategies. PMID:24185171

Spears, Chaya R; Sandberg, Joanne C; O'Neill, Jenna L; Grzywacz, Joseph G; Howard, Timothy D; Feldman, Steven R; Arcury, Thomas A

2013-11-01

408

Hype in health reporting: "checkbook science" buys distortion of medical news.  

PubMed

The greatest danger to public health might be "checkbook science": research intended not to expand knowledge or to benefit humanity but to sell products. Much of the media coverage of health news stories is based on public relations efforts on behalf of the companies that sell the products, including pharmaceutical companies, diet clinics, or doctors selling new techniques. The author presents three case studies of how companies selling medical products effectively but invisibly shaped recent news coverage of medical products: fen-phen diet pills, breast implants, and hormone replacement therapy. All involve subtle strategies whereby physicians and other experts paid by corporate interests are influential because they are perceived to be objective medical experts. Articles in prestigious medical journals are sometimes ghostwritten by individuals paid by companies or are based on biased analyses or interpretations shaped by corporate interests. Nonprofit organizations that tout the benefits of specific medical products also may be part of the public relations efforts of the companies making the product. Meanwhile, important newsworthy studies are ignored by the mass media when corporate interests do not publicize or pitch the results to influential reporters and producers. PMID:12800894

Zuckerman, Diana

2003-01-01

409

Science Nation: Virtual Reality Fires up Research Efforts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Media Convergence Laboratory (MCL) at the University of Central Florida is a place where engineers and artists combine their know-how for video games, virtual reality and a variety of military and commercial products. But there's now a much wider array of researchers discovering the benefits of this lab's toolbox. The Forest Fire project, funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), blends three seemingly unrelated disciplines: psychology, computer science and economics. The aim is to find out if a virtual reality presentation of wildfires might influence local residents to invest in prescribed burns and other protective efforts. Virtual reality and mixed reality (the blending of virtual content with real content) are now being used in a wide range of other scientific applications, including a growing number of medical therapies.

410

Research position in maternity at Hannover Medical School, Hannover Medical School is one of the leading medical universities in Germany with  

E-print Network

Research position in maternity at Hannover Medical School, Germany Hannover Medical School is one of the leading medical universities in Germany with excellent results in health care, research, education and training. The University's midwifery research and education unit offers expertise in the field of clinical

Manstein, Dietmar J.

411

2011 Joint Science Education Project: Research Experience in Polar Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Science Education Project (JSEP), sponsored by the National Science Foundation, is a two-part program that brings together students and teachers from the United States, Greenland, and Denmark, for a unique cross-cultural, first-hand experience of the realities of polar science field research in Greenland. During JSEP, students experienced research being conducted on and near the Greenland ice sheet by attending researcher presentations, visiting NSF-funded field sites (including Summit and NEEM field stations, both located on the Greenland ice sheet), and designing and conducting research projects in international teams. The results of two of these projects will be highlighted. The atmospheric project investigated the differences in CO2, UVA, UVB, temperature, and albedo in different Arctic microenvironments, while also examining the interaction between the atmosphere and water present in the given environments. It was found that the carbon dioxide levels varied: glacial environments having the lowest levels, with an average concentration of 272.500 ppm, and non-vegetated, terrestrial environments having the highest, with an average concentration of 395.143 ppm. Following up on these results, it is planned to further investigate the interaction of the water and atmosphere, including water's role in the uptake of carbon dioxide. The ecology project investigated the occurrence of unusual large blooms of Nostoc cyanobacteria in Kangerlussuaq area lakes. The water chemistry of the lakes which contained the cyanobacteria and the lakes that did not were compared. The only noticeable difference was of the lakes' acidity, lakes containing the blooms had an average pH value of 8.58, whereas lakes without the blooms had an average pH value of 6.60. Further investigation of these results is needed to determine whether or not this was a cause or effect of the cyanobacteria blooms. As a next step, it is planned to attempt to grow the blooms to monitor their effects on different common ecosystems within the Kangerlussuaq area.

Wilkening, J.; Ader, V.

2011-12-01

412

NASA Science Mission Directorate Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES) -2006  

E-print Network

NASA Science Mission Directorate Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES) - 2006) (formerly REASoN) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), through its Earth Science Data Systems, supports the NASA Earth Science research community in providing Earth science data products

Christian, Eric

413

Research on Science and Technology Surveys and Statistics  

NSF Publications Database

Research on Science and Technology Surveys and Statistics S&T Workforce, Funding, Impacts, Outputs ... of Science Technology (S/T) personnel such as Science, Engineering and Technology (SE&T) personnel ...

414

Remote Sensing Information Sciences Research Group: Santa Barbara Information Sciences Research Group, year 4  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information Sciences Research Group (ISRG) research continues to focus on improving the type, quantity, and quality of information which can be derived from remotely sensed data. Particular focus in on the needs of the remote sensing research and application science community which will be served by the Earth Observing System (EOS) and Space Station, including associated polar and co-orbiting platforms. The areas of georeferenced information systems, machine assisted information extraction from image data, artificial intelligence and both natural and cultural vegetation analysis and modeling research will be expanded.

Estes, John E.; Smith, Terence; Star, Jeffrey L.

1987-01-01

415

Social Science Research Group Effort Response, Harvest, and  

E-print Network

1 Social Science Research Group Effort Response, Harvest, and Climate in the Gulf of Mexico, April 6, 2005 #12;2 Social Science Research Group Outline qPolicy Background qResearch Questions qModel and Approach qData qResults qDiscussion #12;3 Social Science Research Group Background qPolicy proposals (FMP

416

Social Science Research Institute Compiled by Christopher Hives (1997)  

E-print Network

Social Science Research Institute fonds Compiled by Christopher Hives (1997) *** Institutional Description Social Science Research Institute fonds. ­ 19581963. 4 cm of textual records. Administrative and Economic Research was intended to foster research and graduate study in the social sciences. The Institute

Handy, Todd C.

417

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

to relevant policy. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0) 1483Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Learning Through Professional to develop independent learners who are able to address the complexities of modern health and social care

Doran, Simon J.

418

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Sexual Health Module Code NUR influences on sexual health and illness derived from policy, bio-psycho- social, cultural, epidemiological activities Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0) 1483 684505 F

Doran, Simon J.

419

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Returning to Paramedic Ethics and Law Health Service landscape and policy Leadership and the multi-professional healthcare Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0) 1483 684505 F: +44 (0

Doran, Simon J.

420

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Examination of the Newborn. #12;Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Examination of the Newborn and facilitate more timely discharge of babies from the postnatal area, reducing paediatric workload. In addition

Doran, Simon J.

421

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Complex Health Assessment-agency perspective in health and social care domains. Module Content · Multi-professional and Interagency Working,000 words Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0) 1483 684505 F

Doran, Simon J.

422

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Development of Clinical mentor. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0) 1483 684505 F of clinical judgment, discretion and decision making and empower them to deliver high quality care

Doran, Simon J.

423

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Higher Level Communication) Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0) 1483 684505 F: +44 (0 and assessment skills and to facilitate communication with patients and members of the health care team. Module

Doran, Simon J.

424

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Orthopaedics and Trauma study Self direction Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care T: +44 (0 and trauma conditions and injury to the holistic care of patients. Module Content The academic content

Doran, Simon J.

425

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care  

E-print Network

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health & Social Care Early Interventions health or social services for the care of people with mental health problems, and have the support and preparation between some taught days. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences School of Health and Social Care

Doran, Simon J.

426

Quality gap of educational services in viewpoints of students in Hormozgan University of medical sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Higher education is growing fast and every day it becomes more and more exposed to globalization processes. The aim of this study was to determine the quality gap of educational services by using a modified SERVQUAL instrument among students in Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences in

Teamur Aghamolaei; Shahram Zare

2008-01-01

427

Pre-Pharmacy, B.A. Degree in Biology with Emphasis in Health and Medical Sciences  

E-print Network

Pre-Pharmacy, B.A. Degree in Biology with Emphasis in Health and Medical Sciences Minnesota State with a B.A. Degree in Biology with Emphasis in Health and Medical Sciences. · The schedule is sufficiently year. FALL FRESHMAN YEAR DC SPRING DC Biol 115 Organismal Biology (lab) 4 4IL Biol 111 Cell Biology

Jasperse, Craig P.

428

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree)  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging Science ­ Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Freshman or AS degree) ­ Bachelor of Radiologic Imaging Sciences Technology [RE-BRIT-RIS-FRAS] Regional College Catalog Year: 2013 Education I 2 C RIS 34083 Sectional Anatomy in Medical Imaging 3 C #12;Roadmap: Radiologic Imaging

Sheridan, Scott

429

University of Alaska: Atmospheric Sciences Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Alaska created this website to present the work of the physicists, meteorologists, geologists, and chemists involved in the Atmospheric Science Group. Students and educators can discover the research interests and education opportunities in the atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric radiation, climate and global change, cloud and aerosol physics, mesoscale meteorology, and hydrometeorology subgroups. The website provides general information, specifications, and images of the lidar and radar equipment at the Artic Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing (AFARS). Users can find links to an album of atmospheric optical effects, forecast information, and other atmosphere-related information. Because of the group's wide range of research, everyone interested in atmospheric science will benefit by visiting the site.

430

Life sciences research using a lunar laboratory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The necessity for life sciences research on the lunar surface in order to determine the consequences of returning from extended missions in various low gravity environments and of transiting through high multiple gravity forces during decelerations is discussed. The functions of a lunar gravitational biology laboratory are outlined. Lunar science objectives include investigations in developmental biology including the evaluation of the capacity of diverse organisms to undergo normal development and the evaluation of the use of the lunar environment to study specific developmental phenomena in ways that cannot be accomplished by earth-based research. The need for musculoskeletal studies to examine the dynamics of osteoclast and osteoblast formation and breakdown and to address bone and demineralization problems is discussed. Biological adaptation to hypogravic environments and the effects of radiation and electromagnetic environmental factors are also considered.

Cipriano, Leonard F.; Ballard, Rodney W.

1990-01-01

431

Division of Biological and Medical Research annual research summary, 1983  

SciTech Connect

This research summary contains brief descriptions of research in the following areas: (1) mechanisms of hepatocarcinogenesis; (2) role of metals in cocarcinogenesis and the use of liposomes for metal mobilization; (3) control of mutagenesis and cell differentiation in cultured cells by tumor promoters; (4) radiation effects in mammalian cells; (5) radiation carcinogenesis and radioprotectors; (6) life shortening, tumor induction, and tissue dose for fission-neutron and gamma-ray irradiations; (7) mammalian genetics and biostatistics; (8) radiation toxicity studies; (9) hematopoiesis in chronic toxicity; (10) molecular biology studies; (11) chemical toxicology; (12) carcinogen identification and metabolism; (13) metal metabolism and toxicity; and (14) neurobehavioral chronobiology. (ACR)

Barr, S.H. (ed.)

1984-08-01

432

78 FR 66992 - Joint Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development and Clinical Science Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development and Clinical Science Research and Development...Office. Mental Health and Behavioral Sciences-A/ December 4, 2013...general areas of biomedical, behavioral, and clinical science research. The panel...

2013-11-07

433

Recent application of quantification II in Japanese medical research.  

PubMed Central

Hayashi's Quantification II is a method of multivariate discrimination analysis to manipulate attribute data as predictor variables. It is very useful in the medical research field for estimation, diagnosis, prognosis, evaluation of epidemiological factors, and other problems based on multiplicity of attribute data. In Japan, this method is so well known that most of the computer program packages include the Hayashi Quantification, but it seems to be yet unfamiliar with the method for researchers outside Japan. In view of this situation, we introduced 19 selected articles of recent applications of the Quantification II in Japanese medical research. In reviewing these papers, special mention is made to clarify how the researchers were satisfied with findings provided by the method. At the same time, some recommendations are made about terminology and program packages. Also a brief discussion of the background of the quantification methods is given with special reference to the Behaviormetric Society of Japan. PMID:540587

Suzuki, T; Kudo, A

1979-01-01

434

Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science (RIACS) carries out basic research and technology development in computer science, in support of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's missions. RIACS is located at the NASA Ames Research Center. It currently operates under a multiple year grant/cooperative agreement that began on October 1, 1997 and is up for renewal in the year 2002. Ames has been designated NASA's Center of Excellence in Information Technology. In this capacity, Ames is charged with the responsibility to build an Information Technology Research Program that is preeminent within NASA. RIACS serves as a bridge between NASA Ames and the academic community, and RIACS scientists and visitors work in close collaboration with NASA scientists. RIACS has the additional goal of broadening the base of researchers in these areas of importance to the nation's space and aeronautics enterprises. RIACS research focuses on the three cornerstones of information technology research necessary to meet the future challenges of NASA missions: (1) Automated Reasoning for Autonomous Systems. Techniques are being developed enabling spacecraft that will be self-guiding and self-correcting to the extent that they will require little or no human intervention. Such craft will be equipped to independently solve problems as they arise, and fulfill their missions with minimum direction from Earth; (2) Human-Centered Computing. Many NASA missions require synergy between humans and computers, with sophisticated computational aids amplifying human cognitive and perceptual abilities; (3) High Performance Computing and Networking. Advances in the performance of computing and networking continue to have major impact on a variety of NASA endeavors, ranging from modeling and simulation to data analysis of large datasets to collaborative engineering, planning and execution. In addition, RIACS collaborates with NASA scientists to apply information technology research to a variety of NASA application domains. RIACS also engages in other activities, such as workshops, seminars, and visiting scientist programs, designed to encourage and facilitate collaboration between the university and NASA information technology research communities.

Gross, Anthony R. (Technical Monitor); Leiner, Barry M.

2000-01-01

435

The Role of Public Policy in K-12 Science Education. Research in Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this volume of "Research in Science Education" is to examine the relationship between science education policy and practice and the special role that science education researchers play in influencing policy. It has been suggested that the science education research community is isolated from the political process, pays little attention…

DeBoer, George E., Ed.

2011-01-01

436

Medical Settings as a Context for Research on Cognitive Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical contexts provide a rich opportunity to study important theoretical questions in cognitive development and to investigate the influence of a range of interacting factors relating to the child, the experience, and the broader social context on children's cognition. In the context of examples of research investigating these issues, we…

Salmon, Karen; Brown, Deirdre A.

2013-01-01

437

Market Research: Post Study, Medical Equipment, Republic of Korea.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market research was undertaken to study the present and potential US share of the market in Korea for medical equipment; to examine growth trends in Korean end-user industries over the next few years; to identify specific product categories that offer...

1976-01-01

438

below the National Health and Medical Research Councils  

E-print Network

11 . ..- t4~ byW. Maher below the National Health and Medical Research Councils (NHMRC) maximum contamination in the Gulf by water analysis is laborious and time consuming. Diffuse inputs and variable wind of the extent of trace metal pollution. Alternatively, the analysis of marine organisms provides a rapid

Canberra, University of

439

Translational research in medication development for nicotine dependence  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major obstacle to the development of medications for nicotine dependence is the lack of animal and human laboratory models with sufficient predictive clinical validity to support the translation of knowledge from laboratory studies to clinical research. This Review describes the animal and human laboratory paradigms commonly used to investigate the pathophysiology of nicotine dependence, and proposes how their predictive

Mark G. LeSage; Kenneth A. Perkins; Stephanie S. O'Malley; Steven J. Siegel; Neal L. Benowitz; Caryn Lerman; William A. Corrigall

2007-01-01

440

The Unified Medical Language System : An Informatics Research Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) assembled a large multidisciplinary, multisite team to work on the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), a collaborative research project aimed at reducing fundamental barriers to the application of computers to medicine. Beyond its tangible products, the UMLS Knowledge Sources, and its influence on the field of informatics, the UMLS project is an

Betsy L Humphreys; Donald A B Lindberg; Harold M Schoolman; G Octo Barnett

1998-01-01

441

Science with NOAA Research online Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, a joint effort of the NOAA research division and the College of Education at the University of South Alabama, provides "middle school science students and teachers with research and investigation experiences using on-line resources." Each of the six water and weather-related categories contain an introduction, explanation, activity, and application section. Activities include interpreting maps of wind, waves, and temperatures; taking temperature and wave measurements; and investigating hurricanes, tornadoes, and lightning. The website provides student and teacher downloads for all of the material presented.

442

Basic Science Research and the Protection of Human Research Participants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technological advances in basic biological research have been instrumental in recent biomedical discoveries, such as in the understanding and treatment of cancer, HIV/AIDS, and heart disease. However, many of these advances also raise several new ethical challenges. For example, genetic research may pose no physical risk beyond that of obtaining the initial blood sample, yet it can pose significant psychological and economic risks to research participants, such as stigmatization, discrimination in insurance and employment, invasion of privacy, or breach of confidentiality. These harms may occur even when investigators do not directly interact with the person whose DNA they are studying. Moreover, this type of basic research also raises broader questions, such as what is the definition of a human subject, and what kinds of expertise do Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) need to review the increasingly diverse types of research made possible by these advances in technology. The National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC), a presidentially appointed federal advisory committee, has addressed these and other ethical, scientific and policy issues that arise in basic science research involving human participants. Two of its six reports, in particular, have proposed recommendations in this regard. "Research Involving Human Biological Materials: Ethical and Policy Guidance" addresses the basic research use of human tissues, cells and DNA and the protection of human participants in this type of research. In "Ethical and Policy Issues in the Oversight of Human Research" NBAC proposes a definition of research involving human participants that would apply to all scientific disciplines, including physical, biological, and social sciences, as well as the humanities and related professions, such as business and law. Both of these reports make it clear that the protection of research participants is key to conducting ethically sound research. By ensuring that all participants in research are protected and by educating everyone involved in research with human participants, including the public, investigators, IRB members, institutions, and federal agencies, NBAC’s goal is to develop guidelines by which important basic research can proceed while making sure that the rights and welfare of human research participants are not compromised.

Eiseman, Elisa

2001-03-01

443

Professional Masters of Science in Medical Physics Advisory Board Tim R. Williams, MD Radiation Oncology, Medical Director "The Lynn Cancer  

E-print Network

Oncology, Medical Director "The Lynn Cancer Institute at the Boca Raton Regional Hospital. TWilliams@brrh.com Zoubir Ouhib, MS, DABR, Chief Medical Physicist Boca Raton Regional Hospital. zouhib@brrh.com Research Physicist Boca Raton Regional Hospital. cshang@brrh.com Research Affiliate Associate Professor, Department

Fernandez, Eduardo

444

The future of naval ocean science research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ocean Studies Board (OSB) of the National Research Council reviewed the changing role of basic ocean science research in the Navy at a recent board meeting. The OSB was joined by Gerald Cann, assistant secretary of the Navy for research, development, and acquisition; Geoffrey Chesbrough, oceanographer of the Navy; Arthur Bisson, deputy assistant secretary of the Navy for antisubmarine warfare; Robert Winokur, technical director of the Office of the Oceanographer of the Navy; Bruce Robinson, director of the new science directorate at the Office of Naval Research (ONR); and Paul Gaffney, commanding officer of the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL). The past 2-3 years have brought great changes to the Navy's mission with the dissolution of the former Soviet Union and challenges presented by conflicts in newly independent states and developing nations. The new mission was recently enunciated in a white paper, “From the Sea: A New Direction for the Naval Service,” which is signed by the secretary of the Navy, the chief of naval operations, and the commandant of the Marine Corps. It departs from previous plans by proposing a heavier emphasis on amphibious operations and makes few statements about the traditional Navy mission of sea-lane control.

Orcutt, John A.; Brink, Kenneth

445

Effective Science Instruction: What Does Research Tell Us? Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief distills the research on science learning to inform a common vision of science instruction and to describe the extent to which K-12 science education currently reflects this vision. A final section on implications for policy makers and science education practitioners describes actions that could integrate the findings from research into…

Banilower, Eric; Cohen, Kim; Pasley, Joan; Weiss, Iris

2010-01-01

446

A Summary of Research in Science Education--1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal issue, presenting review of 1990 science education research, is divided into categories, including among others Conceptual Change and Achievement; Problem Solving; Science Process/Inquiry Skills; Cognitive Development and Logical Reasoning Skills; Assessment and Research Design; the Nature of Science; Science, Technology, and Society;…

Klopfer, Leopold E., Ed.

1992-01-01

447

What Research Says to the Science Teacher, Volume 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume was conceived as a review of basic research in science education and as a discussion of what the research findings mean for K-12 science teachers. The eight reports presented represent different dimensions of science education. Each provides a review of a given dimension and/or a goal of science teaching and suggests ways that current…

Yager, Robert E., Ed.

448

Research Assistant Professor Space Science Center and Department of Physics  

E-print Network

No´e LUGAZ Research Assistant Professor Space Science Center and Department of Physics University/2006 Ph.D. Space Science 2007 M.Sc. Atmospheric and Space Sciences 2003 Institute of Aeronautics'ing´enieur) 2003 Academic Appointments Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire Research Assistant

449

NC Science & Engineering Fair Home Inspiring Innovation in Student Research  

E-print Network

NC Science & Engineering Fair Home Inspiring Innovation in Student Research NC Science Wickliff abwickli@uncc.edu 704.687.8818 About NC Science Fair Foundation (NCSFF) NCSFF is a not science and engineering fairs to showcase and celebrate student research and learning. Biogen Idec

Thaxton, Christopher S.

450

Chemistry and materials science research report  

SciTech Connect

The research reported here in summary form was conducted under the auspices of Weapons-Supporting Research (WSR) and Institutional Research and Development (IR D). The period covered is the first half of FY90. The results reported here are for work in progress; thus, they may be preliminary, fragmentary, or incomplete. Research in the following areas are briefly described: energetic materials, tritium, high-Tc superconductors, interfaces, adhesion, bonding, fundamental aspects of metal processing, plutonium, synchrotron-radiation-based materials science, photocatalysis on doped aerogels, laser-induced chemistry, laser-produced molecular plasmas, chemistry of defects, dta equipment development, electronic structure study of the thermodynamic and mechanical properties of Al-Li Alloys, and the structure-property link in sub-nanometer materials.

Not Available

1990-05-31

451

A Journey in Science: Medical Scientist in Translation  

PubMed Central

Real innovations in medicine and science are historic and singular; the stories behind each occurrence are precious. At Molecular Medicine we have established the Anthony Cerami Award in Translational Medicine to document and preserve these histories. The monographs recount the seminal events as told in the voice of the original investigators who provided the crucial early insight. These essays capture the essence of discovery, chronicling the birth of ideas that created new fields of research; and launched trajectories that persisted and ultimately influenced how disease is prevented, diagnosed and treated. In this volume, the Cerami Award Monograph is by Göran K Hansson, MD, PhD, Karolinska Institute. A visionary in the field of cardiovascular research, this is the story of Dr. Hansson’s scientific journey. PMID:25356751

Hansson, Goran K

2014-01-01

452

Grounded theory in medical laboratory science expert practice development.  

PubMed

Grounded theory and methods related to expert practice development in medical laboratory science were described using data from a large national survey of medical laboratory scientists (MLS) overlaid on findings from analysis of expert practice domains reported in nursing literature. An extensive focus group/expert review iterative process followed by a survey of MLS practitioners produced 25 critical thinking (CT) behaviors important in expert practice. Factor analysis was applied to discern common threads or themes linking the CT behaviors. The 25 important CT behaviors were reduced to a 7-factor structure representing constructs underlying the individual, observable CT behaviors. This 7-factor structure in MLS was compared to the 7 practice domains identified in expert nursing practice. The comparison yielded commonality between MLS and nursing in CT behaviors observed in the 7 expert practice domains of both professions: professional techniques, caring communication, growing professionally, setting priorities, practicing with judgment, anticipating/revising, and creating unique meaning. Emergent grounded theory is that (1) critical thinking is a metaprocess that facilitates learning by interlinking the more basic processes associated with different learning orientations: cognitivist, behaviorist, humanist (affective), and situated/contextual learning, (2) CT behaviors are observable events following from the CT metaprocess, and (3) observations of CT behaviors increase as practice advances from novice to expert. Identification and definition of CT behaviors, i.e., practice competencies, along the continuum of novice to expert can serve as the foundation for MLS curriculum and instructional design as well as measurement and evaluation in both formal and continuing education settings. PMID:22420229

Leibach, Elizabeth Kenimer

2011-01-01

453

Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and Interpretive Research in Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and the derivative notions of interdeterminacy, uncertainty, precision, and observer-observed interaction are discussed and their applications to social science research examined. Implications are drawn for research in science education. (PR)

Roth, Wolff-Michael

1993-01-01

454

University of Tokyo-Institute of Medical Science: Human Genome Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Human Genome Center was established in 1991 at the University of Tokyo's Institute of Medical Science. In pursuit of progress in the areas of human disease diagnosis, care, and prevention, the Center conducts genome research in Japan and participates in "international activities in database construction, mapping, and sequencing of the human genome." The Genome Center website contains links to its nine Laboratories which conduct research in the following areas: Genome Structure, Sequence Analysis, Molecular Medicine, and DNA Information Analysis, to name a few. Laboratory pages contain information about research, publications, staff, and services. The Center site also links to a number of databases and software tools including a database of Japanese Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (JSNP), Microbial Genome Database for Comparative Analysis (MBGD), PSI-BLAST, TFBIND (software for searching transcription factor binding sites), and more.

455

'The research compass': an introduction to research in medical education: AMEE Guide no. 56.  

PubMed

This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to research in medical education. It is intended for those who are contemplating conducting research in medical education but are new to the field. The Guide is structured around the process of transforming ideas and problems into researchable questions, choosing a research approach that is appropriate to the purpose of the study and considering the individual researcher's preferences and the contextual possibilities and constraints. The first section of the Guide addresses the rationale for research in medical education and some of the challenges posed by the complexity of the field. Next is a section on how to move from an idea or problem to a research question by placing a concrete idea or problem within a conceptual, theoretical framework. The following sections are structured around an overview model of approaches to medical education research, 'The research compass'. Core to the model is the conceptual, theoretical framework that is the key to any direction. The compass depicts four main categories of research approaches that can be applied when studying medical education phenomena, 'Explorative studies'; 'Experimental studies'; 'Observational studies'; and 'Translational studies'. Future AMEE Guides in the research series will address these approaches in more detail. PMID:21854147

Ringsted, Charlotte; Hodges, Brian; Scherpbier, Albert

2011-01-01

456

H-indices of Academic Pediatricians of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Background: Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar are three major sources which provide h-indices for individual researchers. In this study we aimed to compare the h-indices of the academic pediatricians of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences obtained from the above mentioned sources. Method: Academic pediatrician who had at least 5 ISI indexed articles entered the study. Information required for evaluating the h-indices of the included researchers were retrieved from official websites Web of Science (WOS), Scopus, and Google Scholar (GS). Correlations between obtained h-indices from the mentioned databases were analyzed using Spearrman correlation coefficient. Ranks of each researcher according to each database h-index were also evaluated. Results: In general, 16 pediatricians entered the study. Computed h-indices for individual authors were different in each database. Correlations between obtained h-indices were: 0.439 (ISI and Scopus), 0.488 (ISI and GS), and 0.810 (Scopus and GS). Despite differences between evaluated h-indices in each database for individual authors, the rankings according to these h-indices were almost similar. Conclusion: Although h-indices supplied by WOS, SCOPUS, and GS can be used interchangeably, their differences should be acknowledged. Setting up “ReasercherID” in WOS and “User profile” in GS, and giving regular feedback to SCOPUS can increase the validity of the calculated h-indices. PMID:24554795

Hamidreza, Kianifar; Javad, Akhoondian; Ramin, Sadeghi; Leili, Zarifmahmoudi

2013-01-01

457

A research program in empirical computer science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the grant reporting period our primary activities have been to begin preparation for the establishment of a research program in experimental computer science. The focus of research in this program will be safety-critical systems. Many questions that arise in the effort to improve software dependability can only be addressed empirically. For example, there is no way to predict the performance of the various proposed approaches to building fault-tolerant software. Performance models, though valuable, are parameterized and cannot be used to make quantitative predictions without experimental determination of underlying distributions. In the past, experimentation has been able to shed some light on the practical benefits and limitations of software fault tolerance. It is common, also, for experimentation to reveal new questions or new aspects of problems that were previously unknown. A good example is the Consistent Comparison Problem that was revealed by experimentation and subsequently studied in depth. The result was a clear understanding of a previously unknown problem with software fault tolerance. The purpose of a research program in empirical computer science is to perform controlled experiments in the area of real-time, embedded control systems. The goal of the various experiments will be to determine better approaches to the construction of the software for computing systems that have to be relied upon. As such it will validate research concepts from other sources, provide new research results, and facilitate the transition of research results from concepts to practical procedures that can be applied with low risk to NASA flight projects. The target of experimentation will be the production software development activities undertaken by any organization prepared to contribute to the research program. Experimental goals, procedures, data analysis and result reporting will be performed for the most part by the University of Virginia.

Knight, J. C.

1991-01-01

458

Common Errors in Manuscripts Submitted to Medical Science Journals  

PubMed Central

Background: Many manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals are rejected for reasons that include low-quality of the manuscripts. Aim: The aim of this study is to identify and characterize the common errors in manuscripts submitted to medical journals based in Africa and Asia. Materials and Methods: Reviewers’ reports on 42 manuscripts were analyzed qualitatively using deductive coding, and quantitatively to determine the errors by sections of the manuscripts. The study included only reviews on full length original research articles. Results: Results showed that 66.7% (28/42) of the manuscripts had flaws in the introduction, 85.7% (36/42) in materials and methods, 66.7% (28/42) in the results, 71.4% (30/42) in discussion, 69.0% (29/42) in references, and 81.1% (34/42) in the general sections. Qualitative analysis of the reviews revealed 22 themes. Most common flaws identified were improper review of literature, provision of insufficient detailed methodology, unsystematic or illogical presentation of results, and unsupported conclusions. Others were inconsistent or nonconforming citations, and lack of good grammatical writing. Conclusions: The results show that many of the manuscripts had remarkable errors and demonstrate the need for attention to detail in study design and manuscript preparation and for further training of medical scientists in the techniques of manuscript writing for journal publication. PMID:24116317

Ezeala, CC; Nweke, IN; Ezeala, MO

2013-01-01

459

Evaluation of board performance in Iran's universities of medical sciences  

PubMed Central

Background: The critical role that the board plays in governance of universities clarifies the necessity of evaluating its performance. This study was aimed to evaluate the performance of the boards of medical universities and provide solutions to enhance its performance. Methods: The first phase of present study was a qualitative research in which data were collected through face-to-face semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed by thematic approach. The second phase was a mixed qualitative and quantitative study, with quantitative part in cross-sectional format and qualitative part in content analysis format. In the quantitative part, data were collected through Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MoHME). In the qualitative part, the content of 2,148 resolutions that were selected by using stratified sampling method were analyzed. Results: Participants believed that the boards had no acceptable performance for a long time.Results also indicated the increasing number of meetings and resolutions of the boards in these 21 years. The boards’ resolutions were mostly operational in domain and administrative in nature. The share of specific resolutions was more than the general ones. Conclusion: Given the current pace of change and development and the need to timely respond them, it is recommended to accelerate the slow pace of improvement process of the boards. It appears that more delegation and strengthening the position of the boards are the effective strategies to speed up this process. PMID:25337597

Sajadi, Haniye Sadat; Maleki, Mohammadreza; Ravaghi, Hamid; Farzan, Homayoun; Aminlou, Hasan; Hadi, Mohammad

2014-01-01

460

Undergraduate Research in the Human Sciences: Three Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate research in the sciences has been shown by numerous studies to enhance the educational experience. The Undergraduate Research Community (URC) founded in 2001 supports several initiatives that promote research in human sciences/family and consumer sciences including an online peer-reviewed journal specifically for undergraduate work,…

Collins, Nina; Mitstifer, Dorothy I.; Nelson Goff, Briana S.; Hymon-Parker, Shirley

2009-01-01

461

Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns  

E-print Network

Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns: Discussions among Computer as Institute for Software Research International Technical Report CMU-ISRI-03-102 School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890 Abstract Computer Science research and practice

462

Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns  

E-print Network

1 Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns: Discussions among University Pittsburgh, PA 15213­3890 Abstract Computer Science research and practice are raising growing. This paper introduces the nature of privacy concerns often related to computer science research, explains

463

Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns  

E-print Network

Navigating Computer Science Research Through Waves of Privacy Concerns: Discussions among Computer Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890 Abstract Computer Science research and practice are raising growing privacy. This paper introduces the nature of privacy concerns often related to computer science research, explains

464

Howard Hughes Medical Institute: Science Education News Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) offers a wide range of educational programs. Part of its work is getting out the word about its own research projects and outreach efforts. On this site, visitors can read short news articles exploring everything from the nature of human evolution and natural selection to fellowship programs. Visitors can browse throughout the offerings chronologically and also look at the important resources on the right-hand side of the page. Here they will find the HHMI On The Web, which features direct links to the BioInteractive web site and Becoming a Scientist, which features 11 HHMI scientists talking about their successes in their fields. The site is rounded out by a link that allows users to sign up for news alerts via email.

2012-04-06

465

EMPLOYEE WELLNESS PROGRAM Medical Clearance Form Division of Kinesiology and Health Science Yoga Class  

E-print Network

EMPLOYEE WELLNESS PROGRAM Medical Clearance Form Division of Kinesiology and Health Science Yoga of William Beam, Ph.D., associate professor in the Division of Kinesiology and Health Science. Dr. Beam may: _________________________________________________ Street Address Employee Wellness Program Kinesiology & Health Science, KHS-121 Cal State Fullerton

de Lijser, Peter

466

How Hard Is Hard Science, How Soft Is Soft Science?: The Empirical Cumulativeness of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research results in the social and behavioral sciences are often conceded to be less replicable than research results in the physical sciences. However, direct empirical comparisons of the cumulativeness of research in the social and physical sciences have not been made to date. This article notes the parallels between methods used in the quantitative synthesis of research in the social

Larry V. Hedges

1987-01-01

467

Suborbital Science Program: Dryden Flight Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the suborbital science program at NASA Dryden Flight Research Center. The Program Objectives are given in various areas: (1) Satellite Calibration and Validation (Cal/val)--Provide methods to perform the cal/val requirements for Earth Observing System satellites; (2) New Sensor Development -- Provide methods to reduce risk for new sensor concepts and algorithm development prior to committing sensors to operations; (3) Process Studies -- Facilitate the acquisition of high spatial/temporal resolution focused measurements that are required to understand small atmospheric and surface structures which generate powerful Earth system effects; and (4) Airborne Networking -- Develop disruption-tolerant networking to enable integrated multiple scale measurements of critical environmental features. Dryden supports the NASA Airborne Science Program and the nation in several elements: ER-2, G-3, DC-8, Ikhana (Predator B) & Global Hawk and Reveal. These are reviewed in detail in the presentation.

DelFrate, John

2008-01-01

468

Molecular Science Research Center, 1991 annual report  

SciTech Connect

During 1991, the Molecular Science Research Center (MSRC) experienced solid growth and accomplishment and the Environmental, and Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) construction project moved forward. We began with strong programs in chemical structure and dynamics and theory, modeling, and simulation, and both these programs continued to thrive. We also made significant advances in the development of programs in materials and interfaces and macromolecular structure and dynamics, largely as a result of the key staff recruited to lead these efforts. If there was one pervasive activity for the past year, however, it was to strengthen the role of the EMSL in the overall environmental restoration and waste management (ER/WM) mission at Hanford. These extended activities involved not only MSRC and EMSL staff but all PNL scientific and technical staff engaged in ER/WM programs.

Knotek, M.L.

1992-03-01

469

Visualization analysis of research hotspots based on CiteSpace II: taking medical devices as an example  

PubMed Central

Biomedical engineering has been one of the hottest fields in biology and engineering. As an important branch, the medical device has achieved significant progress in the past decades. As a useful method in evaluative bibliometrics, mapping knowledge has been used to explore the trend of one field. In the present study, we retrieve literatures about the medical device from the Web of Science™ (2004–2013), and acquire 26,793 related records, then analyze time range, region distribution, and main research directions of the literatures, and try to use keywords combined with mapping knowledge to explore the main trends of the medical device, and then aim to provide more information for medical device research. Through the study, we discover: 1) the publications regarding medical devices show an upward trend over the past decade in general; 2) the percentage of publications in the USA (38.49%) is the highest all over the world; 3) engineering (20.64%) is the hottest research direction, and takes up about one-fifth of the total publications; 4) the Journal of the American Medical Association and The New England Journal of Medicine are among the two journals that are the most highly cited, followed by Science and The Lancet; and 5) keywords of the medical device include in vitro, quality-of-life, outcomes, management, mortality, depression, and so on. With the help of mapping knowledge, we dig out some hot topics of medical devices and provide more information through trend analysis, and we discover that our findings are related to previous research and further research can enlarge the number of records and optimize the algorithm. We provide a systematic approach for researchers to keep abreast of the development and state of the research of medical devices. PMID:25368536

Liu, Dong-Dong; Liu, Sheng-Lin; Zhang, Jia-Hua

2014-01-01

470

Medical education and research environment in Qatar: a new epoch for translational research in the Middle East  

PubMed Central

Recent advances in medical technology and key discoveries in biomedical research have the potential to improve human health in an unprecedented fashion. As a result, many of the Arab Gulf countries, particularly Qatar are devoting increasing resources toward establishing centers of excellence in biomedical research. However, there are challenges that must be overcome. The low profile of private medical institutions and their negligible endowments in the region are examples of such challenges. Business-type government controlled universities are not the solution for overcoming the challenges facing higher education and research programs in the Middle East. During the last decade, Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development has attracted six branch campuses of American Institutions of higher learning to the Education City in Qatar, a 2500-acre area, which is rapidly becoming a model of integrating higher education and research in the region. Not-for profit, time-tested education institutions from abroad in public-private partnership with local organizations offer favorable conditions to build robust research programs in the region. Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar (WCMC-Q) of Cornell University is an example such an institution. It is the first and only medical school in Qatar. WCMC-Q's interwoven education, research and public health based framework lays a sturdy foundation for developing and implementing translational medicine research programs of importance to the State of Qatar and Middle Eastern nations. This approach is yielding positive results. Discoveries from this program should influence public policy in a positive fashion toward reducing premature mortality and morbidity due to diabetes, obesity, heart disease and cancer, examples of health conditions commonly encountered in Qatar. PMID:21272322

2011-01-01

471

Research in Family and Consumer Sciences Education, 1985-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review addresses significant events that have influenced research in family and consumer sciences education, major publication outlets, leading researchers, problems studied, methodologies used, and a summary of thesis and dissertation research completed from 1985 to 1999. Nearly three fourths of the 237 research articles reviewed were published in the Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences Education. Research topics focused

Sue Couch; Ginny Felstehausen

2001-01-01

472

Emergency Medical Services Systems Research Projects, 1977. NCHSR Research Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of thirty-two research projects supported by the National Center for Health Services Research (NCHSR) under authority of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems Act. (Focus of these research projects is to describe, explain, and predict the performance of more than 200 EMS systems being established under Title…

National Center for Health Services Research (DHEW/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

473

Prevalence and Causes of Medical Absenteeism Among Staff (Case Study at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences: 2009-2010)  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Work absenteeism is a significant issue and can be observed in terms of human resources management. Given the importance of staff practices, which are anticipated in every organization, the role of each employee in this system and the implications of their absence as well as the importance of recovery time rest in fast recovery of staff and anticipated costs for their lost work days, thus this study is aimed to determine the extent and causes of medical absenteeism (sickness absence) of head staff of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Methods and Materials: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted using medical absenteeism (sickness absence) persons happened in 2010. Research population was included all records of staff working in central departments of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. There was no sampling due to the importance of the issue. Studied variables were included age, gender, employment status, employees’ education, name of the disease, physician specialty in issuing the medical absence paper, leave issuing reference and department, position of the employee, number of absence days, number of absences, number of annual leave days. Also, data were gathered using a checklist, then were entered into the SPSS software and got analyzed using descriptive statistics. In order to respect the confidentiality, name of the doctors and employees weren’t mentioned publicly. Results: Based on the results, 1200 employees were leaved the organization due to the sickness issue, which 957 (79.7%) of them were studied. The mean age for those employees was 39±7. Also, total average sick leave days and total sick leave days were 2±1 and 2571, respectively. 40.8 % ( 390 employees) were male and the rest were female. Moreover, 18.3% of sick leaves were issued for singles and the remained were for married employees. Regarding the employees’ education, 2% under diploma, 11.3% diploma, 7.8% upper diploma, 47.6% B.Sc., 14.6% MS.c and 15.85 had doctorate degree. Considering their position, 65%, 30.3%, 2.5% and 1.8% were experts, others, heads, and mangers, respectively. Furthermore, their employment status indicated that 62.3%, 18.1%, 16.8% and 2.8% of employees were employed in form of formal, short-term contract, long-term contract and other forms, respectively. Among the aspiratory diseases, 115 persons had got cold and 97 were infected to flu. The prevalence of other diseases was as follows: neck and back pain among the skeletal diseases (118 persons), fever and headache among the signs (71 persons) and diarrhea and vomiting among the infectious diseases (88 persons). Conclusion: According to the study results, due to the nature of staff work, physical problems, which are caused by doing mental works as well as low mobility, are rising among the employees. Of course, practicing ergonomic considerations, devoting hours in form of exercise break for staff can be effective in this regard. In order to address other diseases, vaster researches are needed with a concentration on exact reasons of work absenteeism. PMID:24511264

Mohseni Saravi, Beyamin; Kabirzadeh, Azar; Rezazadeh, Esmaiel; Khariki, Mohammad Fallah; Asgari, Zolaykha; Bagherian Farahabadi, Ebrahim; Motamed, Nima; Siamian, Hasan

2013-01-01

474

NASA Science Mission Directorate Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences 2009  

E-print Network

NASA Science Mission Directorate Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences ­ 2009) to help users better use Earth science data by enhancing connections between the data and information panel review. The Earth Science Division of NASA's Science Mission Directorate selected 11 proposals

Christian, Eric

475

The Program in Nursing Science invites you to attend the Nursing Science Translational Research Seminar Series  

E-print Network

The Program in Nursing Science invites you to attend the Nursing Science Translational Research and Translational Science (ICTS) Featuring PATRICIA A. GRADY, PHD, RN, FAAN Director, National Institute of Nursing Research Dr. Grady will discuss clinical translational science as a method used by nursing professionals

George, Steven C.

476

Utilising improvement science methods to optimise medication reconciliation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundIn 2005, The Joint Commission included medication reconciliation as a National Patient Safety Goal to reduce medication errors related to omissions, duplications and interactions. Hospitals continue to struggle to implement successful programmes that meet these objectives.MethodsThe authors used improvement methods and reliability principles to develop and implement a process for medication reconciliation completion at admission at a large, paediatric medical

Christine M White; Pamela J Schoettker; Patrick H Conway; Maria Geiser; Jason Olivea; Raymond Pruett; Uma R Kotagal

2011-01-01

477

Sri Lanka in global medical research: a scientific analysis of the Sri Lankan research output during 2000-2009  

PubMed Central

Background Scientific research is an essential component in guiding improvements in health systems. There are no studies examining the Sri Lankan medical research output at international level. The present study evaluated the Sri Lankan research performance in medicine as reflected by the research publications output between years 2000-2009. Methods This study was based on Sri Lankan medical research publication data, retrieved from the SciVerse Scopus® from January 2000 to December 2009. The process of article selection was as follows: Affiliation - 'Sri Lanka' or 'Ceylon', Publication year - 'January 2000 to December 2009' and Subject area - 'Life and Health Sciences'. The articles identified were classified according to disease, medical speciality, institutions, major international collaborators, authors and journals. Results Sri Lanka's cumulative medical publications output between years 2000-2009 was 1,740 articles published in 160 different journals. The average annual publication growth rate was 9.1%. Majority of the articles were published in 'International' (n = 950, 54.6%) journals. Most articles were descriptive studies (n = 611, 35.1%), letters (n-345, 19.8%) and case reports (n = 311, 17.9%). The articles were authored by 148 different Sri Lankan authors from 146 different institutions. The three most prolific local institutions were Universities of; Colombo (n = 547), Kelaniya (n = 246) and Peradeniya (n = 222). Eighty four countries were found to have published collaborative papers with Sri Lankan authors during the last decade. UK was the largest collaborating partner (n = 263, 15.1%). Malaria (n = 75), Diabetes Mellitus (n = 55), Dengue (n = 53), Accidental injuries (n = 42) and Lymphatic filariasis (n = 40) were the major diseases studied. The 1,740 publications were cited 9,708 times, with an average citation of 5.6 per paper. The most cited paper had 203 citations, while there were 597 publications with no citations. The Sri Lankan authors' contribution to the global medical research output during the last decade was only 0.086%. Conclusion The Sri Lankan medical research output during the last decade is only a small fraction of the global research output. There it is a necessity to setup an enabling environment for research, with a proper vision, support, funds and training. In addition, collaborations across the region need to be strengthened to face common regional health challenges. PMID:22364509

2012-01-01

478

Manuscript published in the journal Medical Science Monitor Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(9):MT121-125  

E-print Network

Manuscript published in the journal Medical Science Monitor Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(9):MT121 15, 9 (2009) MT121-125" #12;Manuscript published in the journal Medical Science Monitor Med Sci Monit ird-00436065,version1-25Nov2009 Author manuscript, published in "Medical Science Monitor 15, 9 (2009

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

479

Medical relevance of UK-funded non-human primate research published from January 1997 to July 2012  

PubMed Central

In 2012, the Bateson Review of research using non-human primates (NHPs) recommended the commissioning of a working group to identify and follow-up the results of UK-funded NHP research of potential benefit for human health (Recommendation 4), but the Medical Research Council (MRC) has postponed implementation of the recommendation. Information on results and potential benefits of NHP research therefore remains unavailable. To fill this gap in knowledge, this study identified all published NHP research studies funded by the MRC, Wellcome Trust and Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) from January 1997 to July 2012 and assessed full texts for medical relevance. In total, 284 papers were identified, of which 51 (18%) involved invasive NHP research, compared to 176 (61%) which used NHP tissue and cell lines, indicating a shift in research emphasis from invasive whole animal to cell-based research. Of these studies, 98 (35%) were medically relevant, of which 22 had potential therapeutic or public health applications. The relatively low proportion of medical studies together with the small number of applied studies raises questions over the level of investment in medical research and the effectiveness of knowledge transfer from basic to applied research. Implementation of the Bateson Review’s Recommendation 4 would address these questions. PMID:24739383

2014-01-01

480

Teaching medical students basic neurotransmitter pharmacology using primary research resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching pharmacology to medical students has long been seen as a challenge, and one to which a number of innovative approaches have been taken. In this article, we describe and evaluate the use of primary research articles in teaching second-year medical students both in terms of the information learned and the use of the papers themselves. We designed a seminar where small groups of students worked on different neurotransmitters before contributing information to a plenary session. Student feedback suggested that when the information was largely novel, students learned considerably more. Crucially, this improvement in knowledge was seen even when they had not directly studied a particular transmitter in their work groups, suggesting a shared learning experience. Moreover, the majority of students reported that using primary research papers was easy and useful, with over half stating that they would use them in future study.

2010-10-01