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1

Medical-Image Retrieval Based on Knowledge-Assisted Text and Image Indexing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voluminous medical images are generated daily. They are critical assets for medical diagnosis, research, and teaching. To facilitate automatic indexing and retrieval of large medical-image databases, both images and associated texts are indexed using med- ical concepts from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) meta-thesaurus. We propose a structured learning framework based on support vector machines to facilitate modular design

Caroline Lacoste; Joo-hwee Lim; Jean-pierre Chevallet; Diem Thi Hoang Le

2007-01-01

2

The earliest medical texts.  

PubMed

The first civilization known to have had an extensive study of medicine and to leave written records of its practices and procedures was that of ancient Egypt. The oldest extant Egyptian medical texts are six papyri from the period between 2000 B.C. and 1500 B.C.: the Kahun Medical Papyrus, the Ramesseum IV and Ramesseum V Papyri, the Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus, The Ebers Medical Papyrus and the Hearst Medical Papyrus. These texts, most of them based on older texts dating possibly from 3000 B.C., are comparatively free of the magician's approach to treating illness. Egyptian medicine influenced the medicine of neighboring cultures, including the culture of ancient Greece. From Greece, its influence spread onward, thereby affecting Western civilization significantly. PMID:2463895

Frey, E F

3

Hierarchical Concept Indexing of Full-Text Documents in the Unified Medical Language System Information Sources Map.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes methods for applying natural-language processing for automatic concept-based indexing of full text and methods for exploiting the structure and hierarchy of full-text documents to a large collection of full-text documents drawn from the Health Services/Technology Assessment Text database at the National Library of Medicine. Examines how…

Wright, Lawrence W.; Nardini, Holly K. Grossetta; Aronson, Alan R.; Rindflesch, Thomas C.

1999-01-01

4

Compressed text indexes: From theory to practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

A compressed full-text self-index represents a text in a compressed form and still answers queries efficiently. This represents a significant advancement over the (full-)text indexing techniques of the previous decade, whose indexes required several times the size of the text. Although it is relatively new, this algorithmic technology has matured up to a point where theoretical research is giving way

Paolo Ferragina; Rodrigo González; Gonzalo Navarro; Rossano Venturini

2008-01-01

5

Obtaining Feedback for Indexing from Highlighted Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of weighted index terms in information retrieval focuses on a method for adjusting index weights by processing text in digital libraries that has been highlighted by users. Considers weights in query processing; feedback sources; active reading while accessing digital documents; collaborative information retrieval; and improving index

Villarroel, Miguel; Fuente, Pablo de la; Pedrero, Alberto; Vegas, Jesus; Adiego, Joaquin

2002-01-01

6

[On two antique medical texts].  

PubMed

The two texts presented here--Regimento proueytoso contra ha pestenença [literally, "useful regime against pestilence"] and Modus curandi cum balsamo ["curing method using balm"]--represent the extent of Portugal's known medical library until circa 1530, produced in gothic letters by foreign printers: Germany's Valentim Fernandes, perhaps the era's most important printer, who worked in Lisbon between 1495 and 1518, and Germdo Galharde, a Frenchman who practiced his trade in Lisbon and Coimbra between 1519 and 1560. Modus curandi, which came to light in 1974 thanks to bibliophile José de Pina Martins, is anonymous. Johannes Jacobi is believed to be the author of Regimento proueytoso, which was translated into Latin (Regimen contra pestilentiam), French, and English. Both texts are presented here in facsimile and in modern Portuguese, while the first has also been reproduced in archaic Portuguese using modern typographical characters. This philological venture into sixteenth-century medicine is supplemented by a scholarly glossary which serves as a valuable tool in interpreting not only Regimento proueytoso but also other texts from the era. Two articles place these documents in historical perspective. PMID:17500134

Rosa, Maria Carlota

2005-01-01

7

Machine aided indexing from natural language text  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Lexical Dictionary (NLD) Machine Aided Indexing (MAI) system was designed to (1) reuse the indexing of the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC); (2) reuse the indexing of the Department of Energy (DOE); and (3) reduce the time required for original indexing. This was done by automatically generating appropriate NASA thesaurus terms from either the other agency's index terms, or, for original indexing, from document titles and abstracts. The NASA STI Program staff devised two different ways to generate thesaurus terms from text. The first group of programs identified noun phrases by a parsing method that allowed for conjunctions and certain prepositions, on the assumption that indexable concepts are found in such phrases. Results were not always satisfactory, and it was noted that indexable concepts often occurred outside of noun phrases. The first method also proved to be too slow for the ultimate goal of interactive (online) MAI. The second group of programs used the knowledge base (KB), word proximity, and frequency of word and phrase occurrence to identify indexable concepts. Both methods are described and illustrated. Online MAI has been achieved, as well as several spinoff benefits, which are also described.

Silvester, June P.; Genuardi, Michael T.; Klingbiel, Paul H.

1993-01-01

8

Index of Medieval Medical Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Images from medieval medical manuscripts held by major libraries - including the National Library of Medicine, Rosenbach Museum and Library, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), University of Vermont, and Yale University - make up the Index of Medieval Medical Images. The indexing project began in 1988, and in 2001, a pilot project was started to digitize about 500 images and make them available online. To start, click on "Search Images". We found browsing to be the most productive way to begin searching, as it makes it possible to select search terms such as subject and image type, date and country of origin. Once familiar with the database, keyword and advanced searches are also fruitful. Another useful tool "My Virtual Collection" allows users to add notes to images and save them - creating their own collection, users can then choose to email their personal collection to themselves, students, or colleagues.

9

Unsupervised mining of frequent tags for clinical eligibility text indexing.  

PubMed

Clinical text, such as clinical trial eligibility criteria, is largely underused in state-of-the-art medical search engines due to difficulties of accurate parsing. This paper proposes a novel methodology to derive a semantic index for clinical eligibility documents based on a controlled vocabulary of frequent tags, which are automatically mined from the text. We applied this method to eligibility criteria on ClinicalTrials.gov and report that frequent tags (1) define an effective and efficient index of clinical trials and (2) are unlikely to grow radically when the repository increases. We proposed to apply the semantic index to filter clinical trial search results and we concluded that frequent tags reduce the result space more efficiently than an uncontrolled set of UMLS concepts. Overall, unsupervised mining of frequent tags from clinical text leads to an effective semantic index for the clinical eligibility documents and promotes their computational reuse. PMID:24036004

Miotto, Riccardo; Weng, Chunhua

2013-12-01

10

IndexFinder: A Method of Extracting Key Concepts from Clinical Texts for Indexing  

PubMed Central

Extracting key concepts from clinical texts for indexing is an important task in implementing a medical digital library. Several methods are proposed for mapping free text into standard terms defined by the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS). For example, natural language processing techniques are used to map identified noun phrases into concepts. They are, however, not appropriate for real time applications. Therefore, in this paper, we present a new algorithm for generating all valid UMLS concepts by permuting the set of words in the input text and then filtering out the irrelevant concepts via syntactic and semantic filtering. We have implemented the algorithm as a web-based service that provides a search interface for researchers and computer programs. Our preliminary experiment shows that the algorithm is effective at discovering relevant UMLS concepts while achieving a throughput of 43K bytes of text per second. The tool can extract key concepts from clinical texts for indexing. PMID:14728276

Zou, Qinghua; Chu, Wesley W.; Morioka, Craig; Leazer, Gregory H.; Kangarloo, Hooshang

2003-01-01

11

High-Performance Tagging on Medical Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We ran both Brill's rule-based tagger and TNT, a statistical tagger, with a default German newspaper-language model on a medical text corpus. Supplied with limited lexicon re- sources, TNT outperforms the Brill tagger with state-of-the-art performance figures (close to 97% accuracy). We then trained TNT on a large annotated medical text corpus, with a slightly extended tagset that captures certain

Udo Hahn; Joachim Wermter

12

Medical text representations for inductive learning.  

PubMed Central

Inductive learning algorithms have been proposed as methods for classifying medical text reports. Many of these proposed techniques differ in the way the text is represented for use by the learning algorithms. Slight differences can occur between representations that may be chosen arbitrarily, but such differences can significantly affect classification algorithm performance. We examined 8 different data representation techniques used for medical text, and evaluated their use with standard machine learning algorithms. We measured the loss of classification-relevant information due to each representation. Representations that captured status information explicitly resulted in significantly better performance. Algorithm performance was dependent on subtle differences in data representation. PMID:11080019

Wilcox, A.; Hripcsak, G.

2000-01-01

13

Automated assessment of medical training evaluation text.  

PubMed

Medical post-graduate residency training and medical student training increasingly utilize electronic systems to evaluate trainee performance based on defined training competencies with quantitative and qualitative data, the later of which typically consists of text comments. Medical education is concomitantly becoming a growing area of clinical research. While electronic systems have proliferated in number, little work has been done to help manage and analyze qualitative data from these evaluations. We explored the use of text-mining techniques to assist medical education researchers in sentiment analysis and topic analysis of residency evaluations with a sample of 812 evaluation statements. While comments were predominantly positive, sentiment analysis improved the ability to discriminate statements with 93% accuracy. Similar to other domains, Latent Dirichlet Analysis and Information Gain revealed groups of core subjects and appear to be useful for identifying topics from this data. PMID:23304426

Zhang, Rui; Pakhomov, Serguei; Gladding, Sophia; Aylward, Michael; Borman-Shoap, Emily; Melton, Genevieve B

2012-01-01

14

Automatic knowledge acquisition from medical texts.  

PubMed Central

An approach to knowledge-based understanding of realistic texts from the medical domain (viz. findings of gastro-intestinal diseases) is presented. We survey major methodological features of an object-oriented, fully lexicalized, dependency-based grammar model which is tightly linked to domain knowledge representations based on description logics. The parser adheres to the principles of robustness, incrementality and concurrency. The substrate of automatic knowledge acquisition are text knowledge bases generated by the parser from medical narratives, which represent major portions of the content of these documents. PMID:8947693

Hahn, U.; Schnattinger, K.; Romacker, M.

1996-01-01

15

NASA Indexing Benchmarks: Evaluating Text Search Engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current proliferation of on-line information resources underscores the requirement for the ability to index collections of information and search and retrieve them in a convenient manner. This study develops criteria for analytically comparing the index and search engines and presents results for a number of freely available search engines. A product of this research is a toolkit capable of automatically indexing, searching, and extracting performance statistics from each of the focused search engines. This toolkit is highly configurable and has the ability to run these benchmark tests against other engines as well. Results demonstrate that the tested search engines can be grouped into two levels. Level one engines are efficient on small to medium sized data collections, but show weaknesses when used for collections 100MB or larger. Level two search engines are recommended for data collections up to and beyond 100MB.

Esler, Sandra L.; Nelson, Michael L.

1997-01-01

16

n-Gram-Based Indexing for Korean Text Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses indexing methods in Korean text retrieval and proposes a new indexing method based on n-grams which can handle compound nouns effectively without dictionaries and complex linguistic knowledge. Experimental results show that n-gram-based indexing is considerably faster than morpheme-based indexing, and also provides better retrieval…

Lee, Joon Ho; Cho, Hyun Yang; Park, Hyouk Ro

1999-01-01

17

Indexicalities of image, text and time  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I review some of the synergies between phenomenology, photography and the wider realm of social theory before concluding that (a) photography has and has had a critical role in permitting us to deindexicalize the buzzing, droning Armageddon that modern life is said to be becoming and, (b) that insofar as there is text and image, photography is

David Doyle

18

Efficient Single-Pass Index Construction for Text Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses index construction for text collections, reviews principal approaches to inverted indexes, analyzes their theoretical cost, and presents experimental results of the use of a single-pass inversion method on Web document collections. Shows that the single-pass approach is faster and does not require the complete vocabulary of the indexed

Heinz, Steffen; Zobel, Justin

2003-01-01

19

Automated de-identification of free-text medical records  

E-print Network

Background: Text-based patient medical records are a vital resource in medical research. In order to preserve patient confidentiality, however, the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) requires ...

Neamatullah, Ishna

20

High-Order Entropy-Compressed Text Indexes  

E-print Network

that compressed su1~x arrays use just nHh + O(n lglg n~ lgl~ I n) bits, while retaining full text indexing functionalities, such as searching any pattern sequence of length m in O(mlg [E[ + polylog(n)) time. The term Hh < lg IEI denotes the hth-order empirical...

Grossi, Roberto; Gupta, Ankur; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

2003-01-01

21

Automated de-identification of free-text medical records  

E-print Network

This paper presents a de-identification study at the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Science and Technology (HST) to automatically de-identify confidential patient information from text medical records used in intensive ...

Neamatullah, Ishna

2006-01-01

22

Privacy preserving index for encrypted electronic medical records.  

PubMed

With the development of electronic systems, privacy has become an important security issue in real-life. In medical systems, privacy of patients' electronic medical records (EMRs) must be fully protected. However, to combine the efficiency and privacy, privacy preserving index is introduced to preserve the privacy, where the EMR can be efficiently accessed by this patient or specific doctor. In the literature, Goh first proposed a secure index scheme with keyword search over encrypted data based on a well-known primitive, Bloom filter. In this paper, we propose a new privacy preserving index scheme, called position index (P-index), with keyword search over the encrypted data. The proposed index scheme is semantically secure against the adaptive chosen keyword attack, and it also provides flexible space, lower false positive rate, and search privacy. Moreover, it does not rely on pairing, a complicate computation, and thus can search over encrypted electronic medical records from the cloud server efficiently. PMID:24158427

Chen, Yu-Chi; Horng, Gwoboa; Lin, Yi-Jheng; Chen, Kuo-Chang

2013-12-01

23

Automated analysis of medical text. II. Cognitive strategy.  

PubMed

In a previous paper, the authors described three paradigms applicable to automated medical text analysis. In this paper, the relative importance of the three paradigms is discussed, viz. the relative value of the linguistic word categorization, the semantic paradigm, and the medical fact delineation. The strategy adopted was to limit the linguistic disambiguation and apply probabilistic rules, in order to speed up the analytic process. PMID:1748850

Gabrieli, E R; Speth, D J

1991-02-01

24

Automatic Document Indexing in Large Medical Collections Angelos Hliaoutakis  

E-print Network

(TUC), Chania, Crete, Greece Faculty of Comp. Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia Storage and Retrieval]: Content Analysis and Indexing--Abstracting methods, Dictionaries, Indexing meth collections, such as MEDLINE 1 (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online), poses new challenges

Petrakis, Euripides G.M.

25

MedIndEx System: Medical Indexing Expert System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a prototype system for interactive knowledge-based indexing of the medical literature. Topics covered include current indexing practice; knowledge-based systems using frames; various types of assistance provided by the prototype system; and current research activities and plans for the development of the system. (17 references) (CLB)

Humphrey, Susanne M.

1989-01-01

26

WAIS: An Internet Tool for Full-Text Indexing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes libraries' use of the Internet to provide information on their local collections and explains how to provide searchable indexes through the use of WAIS (Wide Area Information Server) software. Highlights include Waisindex; file formats; Waissearch; and accessing WAIS indexes via a gopher, WAIS, or WWW (World Wide Web) server. (LRW)

Sturr, Natalie Oakes

1995-01-01

27

Text mining for the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System: medical text classification using informative feature selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) collects spontaneous reports of adverse events following vaccination. Medical officers review the reports and often apply standardized case definitions, such as those developed by the Brighton Collaboration. Our objective was to demonstrate a multi-level text mining approach for automated text classification of VAERS reports that could potentially reduce human workload.DesignWe selected 6034

Taxiarchis Botsis; Michael D Nguyen; Emily Jane Woo; Marianthi Markatou; Robert Ball

2011-01-01

28

Overlapping Statistical Segmentation for Effective Indexing of Japanese Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses statistical word indexing for Japanese information-retrieval systems and proposes a new method that uses statistics about characters to evaluate a bi-gram's likelihood of being a word boundary. Describes a new segmentation strategy that extracts some overlapping segments and results in higher retrieval effectiveness. (Author/LRW)

Ogawa, Yasushi; Matsuda, Toru

1999-01-01

29

Text mining for the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System: medical text classification using informative feature selection  

PubMed Central

Objective The US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) collects spontaneous reports of adverse events following vaccination. Medical officers review the reports and often apply standardized case definitions, such as those developed by the Brighton Collaboration. Our objective was to demonstrate a multi-level text mining approach for automated text classification of VAERS reports that could potentially reduce human workload. Design We selected 6034 VAERS reports for H1N1 vaccine that were classified by medical officers as potentially positive (Npos=237) or negative for anaphylaxis. We created a categorized corpus of text files that included the class label and the symptom text field of each report. A validation set of 1100 labeled text files was also used. Text mining techniques were applied to extract three feature sets for important keywords, low- and high-level patterns. A rule-based classifier processed the high-level feature representation, while several machine learning classifiers were trained for the remaining two feature representations. Measurements Classifiers' performance was evaluated by macro-averaging recall, precision, and F-measure, and Friedman's test; misclassification error rate analysis was also performed. Results Rule-based classifier, boosted trees, and weighted support vector machines performed well in terms of macro-recall, however at the expense of a higher mean misclassification error rate. The rule-based classifier performed very well in terms of average sensitivity and specificity (79.05% and 94.80%, respectively). Conclusion Our validated results showed the possibility of developing effective medical text classifiers for VAERS reports by combining text mining with informative feature selection; this strategy has the potential to reduce reviewer workload considerably. PMID:21709163

Nguyen, Michael D; Woo, Emily Jane; Markatou, Marianthi; Ball, Robert

2011-01-01

30

The Quality/Safety Medical Index: Implementation and Analysis.  

PubMed

Medical analytics relating to quality and safety measures have become particularly timely and of high importance in contemporary medical practice. In medical imaging, the dynamic relationship between medical imaging quality and radiation safety creates challenges in quantifying quality or safety independently. By creating a standardized measurement which simultaneously accounts for quality and safety measures (i.e., quality safety index), one can in theory create a standardized method for combined quality and safety analysis, which in turn can be analyzed in the context of individual patient, exam, and clinical profiles. The derived index measures can be entered into a centralized database, which in turn can be used for comparative performance of individual and institutional service providers. In addition, data analytics can be used to create customizable educational resources for providers and patients, clinical decision support tools, technology performance analysis, and clinical/economic outcomes research. PMID:25416467

Reiner, Bruce I

2014-11-22

31

Non-indexed medical journals in the Web: new perspectives in the medical literature.  

PubMed

Many medical journals, publishing in national languages, meet serious financial problems and difficulties when they attempt to become indexed in the international indices. Obviously, this not only affects the scientific quality of non-indexed medical journals (NIMJs) but also affects the awareness of the scientific community of topics with apparently local but potentially broader scientific significance. This is a reality for over 100 Greek medical journals, none of which has a life longer than 30 years or more than 2000 subscribers. Among them, the 'Archives of Hellenic Medicine' (AHM) is published and sponsored by the Athens Medical Society (the oldest medical society in Greece founded in 1835). This peer-reviewed Journal is being published for 13 years, bimonthly, in Greek. Attempting to overcome the above mentioned problems and to be involved in the process of discovering the most effective way of scientific 'skywriting', 2 years ago, the AHM entered full-text in the Web and it was decided that up to 500% of its volume should be covered by English-language papers. As a result, the AHM are now included in the main Web lists of medical journals and their home page is linked in many academic pages having approximately 500 hits/month. Furthermore, 45 retrievals of AHM's English-language papers or English abstracts of Greek-language articles were reported by e-mail response from abroad. Considered apart from the paper-publishing, the expenses of the digital publishing of the AHM are about half of those of paper-publishing, as they were before the appearance of the Journal in the Web. Up to now, about 40% of the Journal's digital publishing cost is covered by advertisements included in its pages and by a modification of its paper-publishing policy. It is concluded that the international scientific community is not indifferent for information published in NIMJs. Medical national minorities working abroad express special interest for this type of information. The Web makes the NIMJs accessible to these potential readers, who would never have the chance to acquire them in their printed form. PMID:9506395

Germenis, A E; Kokkinides, P A; Stavropoulos-Giokas, C

1997-11-01

32

A system for de-identifying medical message board text  

PubMed Central

There are millions of public posts to medical message boards by users seeking support and information on a wide range of medical conditions. It has been shown that these posts can be used to gain a greater understanding of patients’ experiences and concerns. As investigators continue to explore large corpora of medical discussion board data for research purposes, protecting the privacy of the members of these online communities becomes an important challenge that needs to be met. Extant entity recognition methods used for more structured text are not sufficient because message posts present additional challenges: the posts contain many typographical errors, larger variety of possible names, terms and abbreviations specific to Internet posts or a particular message board, and mentions of the authors’ personal lives. The main contribution of this paper is a system to de-identify the authors of message board posts automatically, taking into account the aforementioned challenges. We demonstrate our system on two different message board corpora, one on breast cancer and another on arthritis. We show that our approach significantly outperforms other publicly available named entity recognition and de-identification systems, which have been tuned for more structured text like operative reports, pathology reports, discharge summaries, or newswire. PMID:21658289

2011-01-01

33

Implementation of Emergency Medical Text Classifier for Syndromic Surveillance  

PubMed Central

Public health officials use syndromic surveillance systems to facilitate early detection and response to infectious disease outbreaks. Emergency department clinical notes are becoming more available for surveillance but present the challenge of accurately extracting concepts from these text data. The purpose of this study was to implement a new system, Emergency Medical Text Classifier (EMT-C), into daily production for syndromic surveillance and evaluate system performance and user satisfaction. The system was designed to meet user preferences for a syndromic classifier that maximized positive predictive value and minimized false positives in order to provide a manageable workload. EMT-C performed better than the baseline system on all metrics and users were slightly more satisfied with it. It is vital to obtain user input and test new systems in the production environment. PMID:24551413

Travers, Debbie; Haas, Stephanie W.; Waller, Anna E.; Schwartz, Todd A.; Mostafa, Javed; Best, Nakia C.; Crouch, John

2013-01-01

34

Implementation of Emergency Medical Text Classifier for syndromic surveillance.  

PubMed

Public health officials use syndromic surveillance systems to facilitate early detection and response to infectious disease outbreaks. Emergency department clinical notes are becoming more available for surveillance but present the challenge of accurately extracting concepts from these text data. The purpose of this study was to implement a new system, Emergency Medical Text Classifier (EMT-C), into daily production for syndromic surveillance and evaluate system performance and user satisfaction. The system was designed to meet user preferences for a syndromic classifier that maximized positive predictive value and minimized false positives in order to provide a manageable workload. EMT-C performed better than the baseline system on all metrics and users were slightly more satisfied with it. It is vital to obtain user input and test new systems in the production environment. PMID:24551413

Travers, Debbie; Haas, Stephanie W; Waller, Anna E; Schwartz, Todd A; Mostafa, Javed; Best, Nakia C; Crouch, John

2013-01-01

35

Automated Extraction of the Barthel Index from Clinical Texts  

PubMed Central

This paper describes a text mining program that computes the Barthel score of functional status by analyzing clinical notes stored in Electronic Health Record systems(EHR) and comparing them to textual evidence provided by clinical experts. The program demonstrates high accuracy and overall reliability based on a relatively small number of expert-abstracted charts. It offers an efficient and affordable method for estimating functional status using clinical notes. An important feature is an architecture that facilitates interaction between users and the program, allowing the program to improve its performance based on user feedback . PMID:24551352

Giang, Phan; Williams, Allison; Argyros, Lisa

2013-01-01

36

Patient Clustering with Uncoded Text in Electronic Medical Records  

PubMed Central

We propose a mixture model for text data designed to capture underlying structure in the history of present illness section of electronic medical records data. Additionally, we propose a method to induce bias that leads to more homogeneous sets of diagnoses for patients in each cluster. We apply our model to a collection of electronic records from an emergency department and compare our results to three other relevant models in order to assess performance. Results using standard metrics demonstrate that patient clusters from our model are more homogeneous when compared to others, and qualitative analyses suggest that our approach leads to interpretable patient sub-populations when applied to real data. Finally, we demonstrate an example of our patient clustering model to identify adverse drug events. PMID:24551361

Henao, Ricardo; Murray, Jared; Ginsburg, Geoffrey; Carin, Lawrence; Lucas, Joseph E.

2013-01-01

37

Duplicate Publications in Korean medical journals indexed in KoreaMed.  

PubMed

Duplicate publication is considered unethical. It has several negative impacts. To estimate the frequency and characteristics of duplicate publications in Korean medical journals, we reviewed some portion of Korean journal articles. Among 9,030 articles that are original articles indexed in KoreaMed from January to December 2004, 455 articles (5%) were chosen by random sampling. PubMed, Google scholar, KMbase, and KoreaMed were searched by two librarians. Three authors reviewed titles, abstracts, and full text of index articles and suspected articles independently. Point of disagreement were reconciled by discussion. Criteria for a duplicate publication defined by editors of cardiothoracic journals and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors were used. A total of 455 articles were evaluated, of which 27 (5.93%) index articles were identified with 29 duplicate articles. Among 27 index articles, 1 was quadruple publication and 26 were double publications. Of 29 duplicated articles, 19 were classified as copy, 4 as fragmentation, and 6 as disaggregation. The proportion of duplicate publications in Korean medical journals appears to be higher than expected. Education on publication ethics to researchers is needed. PMID:18303213

Kim, Soo Young; Hahm, Chang Kok; Bae, Chong-Woo; Cho, Hye Min

2008-02-01

38

Online Time Stamped Text Indexing Amihood Amir y Gad M. Landau z Esko Ukkonen x  

E-print Network

Online Time Stamped Text Indexing #3; Amihood Amir y Gad M. Landau z Esko Ukkonen x Bar of domain properties with varying degrees of success. Recently, there have been attempts to solve a class time [10]. These methods are more general and not domain-speci#12;c. Johansen [10] used this idea

Amir, Amihood

39

Guidelines for Statistical Measures of Usage of Web-Based Indexed, Abstracted, and Full Text Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents guidelines developed by the International Coalition of Library Consortia (ICOLC) for statistical measures of the use of Web-based indexed, abstracted, and full-text resources. Privacy, user confidentiality, comparative statistics, and access and delivery mechanisms are discussed. (LRW)

Information Technology and Libraries, 1998

1998-01-01

40

Sociology & Social Work Databases ™ n SocINDEX ™ with Full Text  

E-print Network

SocINDEX with Full Text is the world’s most comprehensive, high-quality sociology research database. It provides users with a wealth of extremely useful information encompassing the broad spectrum of sociological study and features over 2.1 million records, with subject headings from a 20,000+ term sociological thesaurus designed by subject experts and expert lexicographers. It also contains informative abstracts for more than 1,300 “core” coverage journals dating as far back as 1895. It also includes data mined from nearly 450 “priority ” coverage journals and from over 2,900 “selective ” coverage journals. SocINDEX with Full Text offers comprehensive coverage of sociology, encompassing all sub-disciplines and closely related areas of study, such as abortion, criminology & criminal justice, demography, ethnic & racial studies, gender studies, marriage & family, political sociology, religion, rural & urban sociology, social development, social psychology, social structure, social work, sociocultural anthropology, sociological history, sociological research, sociological theory, substance abuse & other addictions, violence, etc. SocINDEX with Full Text features over 25,000 Author Profiles on the most prolific, most cited, and most frequently searched for authors in the database. Each author profile includes regularly-updated biographical data and information, which together allow users to quickly ascertain an author’s areas of expertise and academic/professional focus. SocINDEX with Full Text contains full text for more than 860 journals dating back to 1908. This database also includes full text for more than 830 books and monographs, and full text for over 16,800 conference papers.

unknown authors

41

Towards a multilingual morpheme thesaurus for medical free-text retrieval.  

PubMed

We introduce a methodology for the segmentation of complex compounds into medically plausible morphemes. A tool for thesaurus compilation and management is presented, and design principles for a multilingual morpheme thesaurus are outlined. Our goal is to enhance the quality of medical free-text retrieval by replacing lexically based through morpheme-based search procedures. PMID:10725027

Schulz, S; Romacker, M; Franz, P; Zaiss, A; Klar, R; Hahn, U

1999-01-01

42

An automatic system to detect and extract texts in medical images for de-identification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, there is an increasing need to share medical images for research purpose. In order to respect and preserve patient privacy, most of the medical images are de-identified with protected health information (PHI) before research sharing. Since manual de-identification is time-consuming and tedious, so an automatic de-identification system is necessary and helpful for the doctors to remove text from medical images. A lot of papers have been written about algorithms of text detection and extraction, however, little has been applied to de-identification of medical images. Since the de-identification system is designed for end-users, it should be effective, accurate and fast. This paper proposes an automatic system to detect and extract text from medical images for de-identification purposes, while keeping the anatomic structures intact. First, considering the text have a remarkable contrast with the background, a region variance based algorithm is used to detect the text regions. In post processing, geometric constraints are applied to the detected text regions to eliminate over-segmentation, e.g., lines and anatomic structures. After that, a region based level set method is used to extract text from the detected text regions. A GUI for the prototype application of the text detection and extraction system is implemented, which shows that our method can detect most of the text in the images. Experimental results validate that our method can detect and extract text in medical images with a 99% recall rate. Future research of this system includes algorithm improvement, performance evaluation, and computation optimization.

Zhu, Yingxuan; Singh, P. D.; Siddiqui, Khan; Gillam, Michael

2010-03-01

43

Knowledge-based machine indexing from natural language text: Knowledge base design, development, and maintenance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One strategy for machine-aided indexing (MAI) is to provide a concept-level analysis of the textual elements of documents or document abstracts. In such systems, natural-language phrases are analyzed in order to identify and classify concepts related to a particular subject domain. The overall performance of these MAI systems is largely dependent on the quality and comprehensiveness of their knowledge bases. These knowledge bases function to (1) define the relations between a controlled indexing vocabulary and natural language expressions; (2) provide a simple mechanism for disambiguation and the determination of relevancy; and (3) allow the extension of concept-hierarchical structure to all elements of the knowledge file. After a brief description of the NASA Machine-Aided Indexing system, concerns related to the development and maintenance of MAI knowledge bases are discussed. Particular emphasis is given to statistically-based text analysis tools designed to aid the knowledge base developer. One such tool, the Knowledge Base Building (KBB) program, presents the domain expert with a well-filtered list of synonyms and conceptually-related phrases for each thesaurus concept. Another tool, the Knowledge Base Maintenance (KBM) program, functions to identify areas of the knowledge base affected by changes in the conceptual domain (for example, the addition of a new thesaurus term). An alternate use of the KBM as an aid in thesaurus construction is also discussed.

Genuardi, Michael T.

1993-01-01

44

Tagline: Information Extraction for Semi-Structured Text Elements in Medical Progress Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text analysis has become an important research activity in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Statistical text mining and natural language processing have been shown to be very effective for extracting useful information from medical documents. However, neither of these techniques is effective at extracting the information stored in…

Finch, Dezon Kile

2012-01-01

45

Two h-Index Benchmarks for Evaluating the Publication Performance of Medical Informatics Researchers  

PubMed Central

Background The h-index is a commonly used metric for evaluating the publication performance of researchers. However, in a multidisciplinary field such as medical informatics, interpreting the h-index is a challenge because researchers tend to have diverse home disciplines, ranging from clinical areas to computer science, basic science, and the social sciences, each with different publication performance profiles. Objective To construct a reference standard for interpreting the h-index of medical informatics researchers based on the performance of their peers. Methods Using a sample of authors with articles published over the 5-year period 2006–2011 in the 2 top journals in medical informatics (as determined by impact factor), we computed their h-index using the Scopus database. Percentiles were computed to create a 6-level benchmark, similar in scheme to one used by the US National Science Foundation, and a 10-level benchmark. Results The 2 benchmarks can be used to place medical informatics researchers in an ordered category based on the performance of their peers. A validation exercise mapped the benchmark levels to the ranks of medical informatics academic faculty in the United States. The 10-level benchmark tracked academic rank better (with no ties) and is therefore more suitable for practical use. Conclusions Our 10-level benchmark provides an objective basis to evaluate and compare the publication performance of medical informatics researchers with that of their peers using the h-index. PMID:23079075

Arbuckle, Luk; Jonker, Elizabeth; Anderson, Kevin

2012-01-01

46

VisMed: A Visual Vocabulary Approach for Medical Image Indexing and Retrieval  

E-print Network

. Voluminous medical images are generated daily. They are critical assets for medical diagnosis, research, for less experienced radiologists, a common practice is to use a refer- ence text to find images

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

47

Big Data, Socio-Psychological Theory, Algorithmic Text Analysis and Predicting the Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index  

E-print Network

We describe an exercise of using Big Data to predict the Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index, a widely used indicator of the state of confidence in the US economy. We carry out the exercise from a pure ex ante perspective. We use the methodology of algorithmic text analysis of an archive of brokers' reports over the period June 2010 through June 2013. The search is directed by the social-psychological theory of agent behaviour, namely conviction narrative theory. We compare one month ahead forecasts generated this way over a 15 month period with the forecasts reported for the consensus predictions of Wall Street economists. The former give much more accurate predictions, getting the direction of change correct on 12 of the 15 occasions compared to only 7 for the consensus predictions. We show that the approach retains significant predictive power even over a four month ahead horizon.

Nyman, Rickard

2014-01-01

48

Text Messaging to Improve Hypertension Medication Adherence in African Americans: BPMED Intervention Development and Study Protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Hypertension (HTN) is a major public health concern in the United States, with almost 78 million Americans age 20 years and over suffering from the condition. Moreover, HTN is a key risk factor for health disease and stroke. African Americans disproportionately shoulder the burdens of HTN, with greater prevalence, disease severity, earlier onset, and more HTN-related complications than age-matched whites. Medication adherence for the treatment of HTN is poor, with estimates indicating that only about half of hypertensive patients are adherent to prescribed medication regimens. Although no single intervention for improving medication adherence has emerged as superior to others, text message medication reminders have the potential to help improve medication adherence in African Americans with uncontrolled HTN as mobile phone adoption is very high in this population. Objective The purpose of this two-phased study was to develop (Phase I) and test in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) (Phase II) a text message system, BPMED, to improve the quality of medication management through increasing medication adherence in African Americans with uncontrolled HTN. Methods In Phase I, we recruited 16 target end-users from a primary care clinic, to assist in the development of BPMED through participating in one of three focus groups. Focus groups sought to gain patient perspectives on HTN, medication adherence, mobile phone use, and the use of text messaging to support medication adherence. Potential intervention designs were presented to participants, and feedback on the designs was solicited. In Phase II, we conducted two pilot RCTs to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of BPMED in primary care and emergency department settings. Both pilot studies recruited approximately 60 participants, who were randomized equally between usual care and the BPMED intervention. Results Although data collection is now complete, data analysis from the two pilot RCTs is still ongoing and results are expected in 2015. Conclusions This study was designed to determine preliminary feasibility and acceptability of our approach among African Americans with uncontrolled HTN in primary care and emergency department settings. Results from these studies are of great interest as little work has been done to document the use of text message medication reminders to improve HTN-related outcomes, particularly within underserved urban minorities. Trial Registration Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01465217; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01465217 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6V0tto0lZ). PMID:25565680

Artinian, Nancy T; Schwiebert, Loren; Yarandi, Hossein; Levy, Phillip D

2015-01-01

49

MedTxting: Learning based and Knowledge Rich SMS-style Medical Text Contraction  

PubMed Central

In mobile health (M-health), Short Message Service (SMS) has shown to improve disease related self-management and health service outcomes, leading to enhanced patient care. However, the hard limit on character size for each message limits the full value of exploring SMS communication in health care practices. To overcome this problem and improve the efficiency of clinical workflow, we developed an innovative system, MedTxting (available at http://medtxting.askhermes.org), which is a learning-based but knowledge-rich system that compresses medical texts in a SMS style. Evaluations on clinical questions and discharge summary narratives show that MedTxting can effectively compress medical texts with reasonable readability and noticeable size reduction. Findings in this work reveal potentials of MedTxting to the clinical settings, allowing for real-time and cost-effective communication, such as patient condition reporting, medication consulting, physicians connecting to share expertise to improve point of care. PMID:23304328

Liu, Feifan; Moosavinasab, Soheil; Houston, Thomas K.; Yu, Hong

2012-01-01

50

A Corpus-Based Study of Cohesion in English Medical Texts and its Chinese Translation  

PubMed Central

Cohesion as an indispensable linguistic feature in discourse analysis and translation has aroused many researchers’ interest. To explore the regularity in shifting cohesive devices from English into Chinese our study was designed to analyze the similarities and differences of cohesive devices between English medical texts (EMTs) and their Chinese translation texts (CTTs). A parallel corpus consisting of 15 EMTs and 15 CTTs was established, each type of cohesive devices was identified, and paired t-test was run for statistic analysis. We have revealed that both EMTs and CTTS share more similarities than differences in the use of cohesive devices; the differences between them only exist in the employment of reference in terms of occurrence frequencies; the majority of cohesive devices are maintained in Chinese translation for precision, clarity and logicality. Our study will not only help medical students and medical workers but also shed light on EMP teaching and research. PMID:23675153

Zhao, Jia; Yan, Wenli; Zhou, Yumei

2009-01-01

51

A corpus-based study of cohesion in english medical texts and its chinese translation.  

PubMed

Cohesion as an indispensable linguistic feature in discourse analysis and translation has aroused many researchers' interest. To explore the regularity in shifting cohesive devices from English into Chinese our study was designed to analyze the similarities and differences of cohesive devices between English medical texts (EMTs) and their Chinese translation texts (CTTs). A parallel corpus consisting of 15 EMTs and 15 CTTs was established, each type of cohesive devices was identified, and paired t-test was run for statistic analysis. We have revealed that both EMTs and CTTS share more similarities than differences in the use of cohesive devices; the differences between them only exist in the employment of reference in terms of occurrence frequencies; the majority of cohesive devices are maintained in Chinese translation for precision, clarity and logicality. Our study will not only help medical students and medical workers but also shed light on EMP teaching and research. PMID:23675153

Zhao, Jia; Yan, Wenli; Zhou, Yumei

2009-09-01

52

Ancient Egyptian Medical Texts: A Rhetorical Analysis of Two of the Oldest Papyri.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes two ancient Egyptian technical texts, the Edwin Smith Surgery Manual and the Ebers Manual, to identify complex rhetorical dynamics that present or encourage substantive reformulation of medical practice and thinking within a strongly conservative, authoritarian culture. Shows how the ancient Egyptian rhetorical forms allow for challenges…

Lipson, Carol S.

1990-01-01

53

Impact factor of Korean Journal of Pediatrics on Korean Medical Citation Index and Science Citation Index of Web of Science  

PubMed Central

Purpose The total number of times a paper is cited, also known as the impact factor (IF) of a medical journal, is widely implied in evaluating the quality of a research paper. We evaluated the citation index data as an IF of Korean J Pediatr in Korean Medical Citation Index (KoMCI) and JCI of Web of Science. Methods We calculated the IF of Korean J Pediatr at KoMCI supervised by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. And we estimated the IF of Korean J Pediatr by the JCI of Web of Science although it was never officially reported. Results The IF of Korean J Pediatr on KoMCI has increased from 0.100 in the year 2000, to 0.205 in 2008, and 0.326 in 2009. Although the IF of Korean J Pediatr was 0.006 in 2005, 0.018 in 2006, 0.028 in 2008, 0.066 in 2009, and 0.018 in 2010 according to the JCI of Web of Science, the number of citations are steadily increasing. Conclusion Understanding and realizing the current status will be a stepping stone for further improvement. The next objective of the Korean J Pediatr is to become registered in the SCI or SCIE. Increasing the IF according to the JCI of Web of Science is crucial in order to achieve this goal. PMID:21738548

Choi, Sun Hee; Han, Man Yong; Rha, Yeong Ho; Lee, Young Jin

2011-01-01

54

Re-embedding vs. clustering as shape indexing strategies for medical image databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fast retrieval using complete or partial shapes of organs is an important functionality in medical image databases. Shapes of organs can be defined as points in shape spaces, which, in turn, are curved manifolds with a well-defined metric. In this paper, we experimentally compare two indexing techniques for shape spaces: first, we re-embed the shape space in a Euclidean space and use co-ordinate based indexing, and second, we used metric based hierarchical clustering for directly indexing shape space. The relative performances are evaluated with images from the NHANES II database of lumbar and cervical spine x-ray images on a shape similarity query. The experiments show that indexing using re-embedding is superior to cluster-based indexing.

Qian, Xiaoning; Tagare, Hemant D.; Fulbright, Robert K.

2005-04-01

55

Detecting earlier indicators of homelessness in the free text of medical records.  

PubMed

Early warning indicators to identify US Veterans at risk of homelessness are currently only inferred from administrative data. References to indicators of risk or instances of homelessness in the free text of medical notes written by Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) providers may precede formal identification of Veterans as being homeless. This represents a potentially untapped resource for early identification. Using natural language processing (NLP), we investigated the idea that concepts related to homelessness written in the free text of the medical record precede the identification of homelessness by administrative data. We found that homeless Veterans were much higher utilizers of VA resources producing approximately 12 times as many documents as non-homeless Veterans. NLP detected mentions of either direct or indirect evidence of homelessness in a significant portion of Veterans earlier than structured data. PMID:25000039

Redd, Andrew; Carter, Marjorie; Divita, Guy; Shen, Shuying; Palmer, Miland; Samore, Matthew; Gundlapalli, Adi V

2014-01-01

56

MedSynDiKATe--design considerations for an ontology-based medical text understanding system.  

PubMed Central

MedSynDiKATe is a natural language processor for automatically acquiring knowledge from medical finding reports. The content of these documents is transferred to formal representation structures which constitute a corresponding text knowledge base. The general system architecture we present integrates requirements from the analysis of single sentences, as well as those of referentially linked sentences forming cohesive texts. The strong demands MedSynDiKATe poses to the availability of expressive knowledge sources are accounted for by two alternative approaches to (semi)automatic ontology engineering. PMID:11079899

Hahn, U.; Romacker, M.; Schulz, S.

2000-01-01

57

Leveraging rich annotations to improve learning of medical concepts from clinical free text.  

PubMed

Information extraction from clinical free text is one of the key elements in medical informatics research. In this paper we propose a general framework to improve learning-based information extraction systems with the help of rich annotations (i.e., annotators provide the medical assertion as well as evidences that support the assertion). A special graphical interface was developed to facilitate the annotation process, and we show how to implement this framework with a state-of-the-art context-based question answering system. Empirical studies demonstrate that with about 10% longer annotation time, we can significantly improve the accuracy of the system. An approach to provide supporting evidence for test documents is also briefly discussed with promising preliminary results. PMID:22195226

Yu, Shipeng; Farooq, Faisal; Krishnapuram, Balaji; Rao, Bharat

2011-01-01

58

Andrew Salway and Eleftheria Tomadaki, "Temporal Information in Collateral Texts for Indexing Video".  

E-print Network

of information about the content of films and television programmes has become available in the form of audio indexing application. 1. Introduction The further development of digital libraries to retrieve, manipulate of most kinds of films and television programmes for visually impaired viewers. In the gaps between

Salway, Andrew

59

Prospects and limitations of full-text index structures in genome analysis  

PubMed Central

The combination of incessant advances in sequencing technology producing large amounts of data and innovative bioinformatics approaches, designed to cope with this data flood, has led to new interesting results in the life sciences. Given the magnitude of sequence data to be processed, many bioinformatics tools rely on efficient solutions to a variety of complex string problems. These solutions include fast heuristic algorithms and advanced data structures, generally referred to as index structures. Although the importance of index structures is generally known to the bioinformatics community, the design and potency of these data structures, as well as their properties and limitations, are less understood. Moreover, the last decade has seen a boom in the number of variant index structures featuring complex and diverse memory-time trade-offs. This article brings a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview of the most popular index structures and their recently developed variants. Their features, interrelationships, the trade-offs they impose, but also their practical limitations, are explained and compared. PMID:22584621

Vyverman, Michaël; De Baets, Bernard; Fack, Veerle; Dawyndt, Peter

2012-01-01

60

Presentation of problem-specific, text-based medical knowledge: XML and related technologies.  

PubMed Central

Systematic reviews of the impact of clinical decision support systems on provider behavior and patient outcome have shown evidence of benefit. Knowledge-based functions for decision support or monitoring that are integrated in clinical information systems are a potentially effective way. But these concepts are restricted by the efforts required for development and maintenance of the information systems and the limited number of implemented medical rules. Physicians are familiar to get their information from text-based sources. It seems to be straight-forward to rely on a document-based solution in order to present problem-specific information at the point of care. We have developed a concept for context-sensitive retrieving and presentation of text-based medical knowledge (textbook of internal medicine) using the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) and related technologies. This concept can facilitate the electronic query and presentation of this resource. XML may replace narrative text as a storage format and allows to structure the data in a stepwise fashion. On the basis of structured data we are able to improve the search quality for clinical information and its presentation which forms a crucial pre-requisite for the use of the information and the implementation of evidence-based care in the clinical routine. PMID:11825191

Hoelzer, S.; Boettcher, H.; Schweiger, R. K.; Konetschny, J.; Dudeck, J.

2001-01-01

61

Text mining of the classical medical literature for medicines that show potential in diabetic nephropathy.  

PubMed

Objectives. To apply modern text-mining methods to identify candidate herbs and formulae for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Methods. The method we developed includes three steps: (1) identification of candidate ancient terms; (2) systemic search and assessment of medical records written in classical Chinese; (3) preliminary evaluation of the effect and safety of candidates. Results. Ancient terms Xia Xiao, Shen Xiao, and Xiao Shen were determined as the most likely to correspond with diabetic nephropathy and used in text mining. A total of 80 Chinese formulae for treating conditions congruent with diabetic nephropathy recorded in medical books from Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty were collected. Sao si tang (also called Reeling Silk Decoction) was chosen to show the process of preliminary evaluation of the candidates. It had promising potential for development as new agent for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. However, further investigations about the safety to patients with renal insufficiency are still needed. Conclusions. The methods developed in this study offer a targeted approach to identifying traditional herbs and/or formulae as candidates for further investigation in the search for new drugs for modern disease. However, more effort is still required to improve our techniques, especially with regard to compound formulae. PMID:24744808

Zhang, Lei; Li, Yin; Guo, Xinfeng; May, Brian H; Xue, Charlie C L; Yang, Lihong; Liu, Xusheng

2014-01-01

62

Geometric Burrows-Wheeler Transform: Linking Range Searching and Text Indexing (extended abstract)  

E-print Network

We introduce a new variant of the popular Burrows-Wheeler transform (BWT) called Geometric Burrows-Wheeler Transform (GBWT). Unlike BWT, which merely permutes the text, GBWT converts the text into a set of points in ...

Chien, Yu-Feng; Hon, Wing-Kai; Shah, Rahul; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

2008-01-01

63

Compressed Suffix Arrays and Suffix Trees with Applications to Text Indexing and String Matching  

E-print Network

. Since we do not know the correct k bits to prepend to the pattern, we must try all 2 k possible settings of the k bits. When k ? lgn, we have to query the index 2 k =?(n) times in the worst case. (See the sparse su?x trees [47] cited in section 1.3... in the worst case. We refer the reader to the literature described in section 1.3. 2. We can implement a form of compressed su?x trees in 2nlg|?| + O(n) bits by using compressed su?x arrays (with epsilon1 = 1) and the techniques for compact rep- resentation...

Grossi, Roberto; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

2005-01-01

64

Morpheme-based, cross-lingual indexing for medical document retrieval.  

PubMed

The increasing availability of machine-readable medical documents is not really matched with the sophistication of currently used retrieval facilities to deal with a variety of critical natural language phenomena. Still most popular are string-matching methods which encounter problems for the medical sublanguage, in particular, concerning the wide-spread use of complex word forms such as noun compounds. We introduce a methodology for the segmentation of complex compounds into medically motivated morphemes. Given the sublanguage patterns in our data these morphemes derive from German, Greek and Latin roots. For indexing and retrieval purposes, such a morpheme dictionary may be further structured by defining the semantic relations among morpheme sets in order to build up a multilingual morpheme thesaurus. We present a tool for thesaurus compilation and management, and outline a methodology for the proper construction and maintenance of a multilingual morpheme thesaurus. PMID:10978912

Schulz, S; Hahn, U

2000-09-01

65

Preventive Maintenance Prioritization Index of Medical Equipment Using Quality Function Deployment.  

PubMed

Preventive maintenance is a core function of clinical engineering and it is essential to guarantee the correct functioning of the equipment. The management and control of maintenance activities are equally important to perform maintenance. As the variety of medical equipment increases, accordingly the size of maintenance activities increases, the need for better management and control become essential. This article aims to develop a new model for preventive maintenance priority of medical equipment using quality function deployment (QFD) as a new concept in maintenance of medical equipment. We developed a 3 domain framework model consisting of requirement, function, and concept. The requirement domain is the house of quality matrix (HOQ). The second domain is the design matrix. Finally, the concept domain generates a prioritization index for preventive maintenance considering the weights of critical criteria. According to the final scores of those criteria, the prioritization action of medical equipment is carried out. Our model proposes 5 levels of priority for preventive maintenance. The model was tested on 200 pieces of medical equipment belonging to 17 different departments of 2 hospitals in Piedmont province, Italy. The data set includes 70 different types of equipment. The results show a high correlation between risk - based criteria and the prioritization list. PMID:25029522

Saleh, Neven Saleh; Sharawi, A; Elwahed, M Abd; Petti, A; Puppato, D; Balestra, G

2014-07-10

66

BROWSER: An Automatic Indexing On-Line Text Retrieval System. Annual Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and testing of the Browsing On-line With Selective Retrieval (BROWSER) text retrieval system allowing a natural language query statement and providing on-line browsing capabilities through an IBM 2260 display terminal is described. The prototype system contains data bases of 25,000 German language patent abstracts, 9,000 English…

Williams, J. H., Jr.

67

Comprehensive temporal information detection from clinical text: medical events, time, and TLINK identification  

PubMed Central

Background Temporal information detection systems have been developed by the Mayo Clinic for the 2012 i2b2 Natural Language Processing Challenge. Objective To construct automated systems for EVENT/TIMEX3 extraction and temporal link (TLINK) identification from clinical text. Materials and methods The i2b2 organizers provided 190 annotated discharge summaries as the training set and 120 discharge summaries as the test set. Our Event system used a conditional random field classifier with a variety of features including lexical information, natural language elements, and medical ontology. The TIMEX3 system employed a rule-based method using regular expression pattern match and systematic reasoning to determine normalized values. The TLINK system employed both rule-based reasoning and machine learning. All three systems were built in an Apache Unstructured Information Management Architecture framework. Results Our TIMEX3 system performed the best (F-measure of 0.900, value accuracy 0.731) among the challenge teams. The Event system produced an F-measure of 0.870, and the TLINK system an F-measure of 0.537. Conclusions Our TIMEX3 system demonstrated good capability of regular expression rules to extract and normalize time information. Event and TLINK machine learning systems required well-defined feature sets to perform well. We could also leverage expert knowledge as part of the machine learning features to further improve TLINK identification performance. PMID:23558168

Sohn, Sunghwan; Wagholikar, Kavishwar B; Li, Dingcheng; Jonnalagadda, Siddhartha R; Tao, Cui; Komandur Elayavilli, Ravikumar; Liu, Hongfang

2013-01-01

68

Improved de-identification of physician notes through integrative modeling of both public and private medical text  

PubMed Central

Background Physician notes routinely recorded during patient care represent a vast and underutilized resource for human disease studies on a population scale. Their use in research is primarily limited by the need to separate confidential patient information from clinical annotations, a process that is resource-intensive when performed manually. This study seeks to create an automated method for de-identifying physician notes that does not require large amounts of private information: in addition to training a model to recognize Protected Health Information (PHI) within private physician notes, we reverse the problem and train a model to recognize non-PHI words and phrases that appear in public medical texts. Methods Public and private medical text sources were analyzed to distinguish common medical words and phrases from Protected Health Information. Patient identifiers are generally nouns and numbers that appear infrequently in medical literature. To quantify this relationship, term frequencies and part of speech tags were compared between journal publications and physician notes. Standard medical concepts and phrases were then examined across ten medical dictionaries. Lists and rules were included from the US census database and previously published studies. In total, 28 features were used to train decision tree classifiers. Results The model successfully recalled 98% of PHI tokens from 220 discharge summaries. Cost sensitive classification was used to weight recall over precision (98% F10 score, 76% F1 score). More than half of the false negatives were the word “of” appearing in a hospital name. All patient names, phone numbers, and home addresses were at least partially redacted. Medical concepts such as “elevated white blood cell count” were informative for de-identification. The results exceed the previously approved criteria established by four Institutional Review Boards. Conclusions The results indicate that distributional differences between private and public medical text can be used to accurately classify PHI. The data and algorithms reported here are made freely available for evaluation and improvement. PMID:24083569

2013-01-01

69

Data Mining of Acupoint Characteristics from the Classical Medical Text: DongUiBoGam of Korean Medicine  

PubMed Central

Throughout the history of East Asian medicine, different kinds of acupuncture treatment experiences have been accumulated in classical medical texts. Reexamining knowledge from classical medical texts is expected to provide meaningful information that could be utilized in current medical practices. In this study, we used data mining methods to analyze the association between acupoints and patterns of disorder with the classical medical book DongUiBoGam of Korean medicine. Using the term frequency-inverse document frequency (tf-idf) method, we quantified the significance of acupoints to its targeting patterns and, conversely, the significance of patterns to acupoints. Through these processes, we extracted characteristics of each acupoint based on its treating patterns. We also drew practical information for selecting acupoints on certain patterns according to their association. Data analysis on DongUiBoGam's acupuncture treatment gave us an insight into the main idea of DongUiBoGam. We strongly believe that our approach can provide a novel understanding of unknown characteristics of acupoint and pattern identification from the classical medical text using data mining methods. PMID:25574179

Lee, Taehyung; Jung, Won-Mo; Lee, In-Seon; Lee, Ye-Seul; Lee, Hyejung; Park, Hi-Joon; Kim, Namil; Chae, Younbyoung

2014-01-01

70

Effects of Problem-based Discussion on Studying a Subsequent Text: A Randomized Trial among First Year Medical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of first-year medical students that tested the effects of problem-based tutorial group discussion on learning new information from a text. Highlights include effects of small-group instruction on cognition; randomized experimental and control groups; recall; and results that showed the positive effects of problem-based group…

de Grave, Willem S.; Schmidt, Henk G.; Boshuizen, Henny P. A.

2001-01-01

71

Publication trends of shared decision making in 15 high impact medical journals: a full-text review with bibliometric analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Shared Decision Making (SDM) is increasingly advocated as a model for medical decision making. However, there is still low use of SDM in clinical practice. High impact factor journals might represent an efficient way for its dissemination. We aimed to identify and characterize publication trends of SDM in 15 high impact medical journals. Methods We selected the 15 general and internal medicine journals with the highest impact factor publishing original articles, letters and editorials. We retrieved publications from 1996 to 2011 through the full-text search function on each journal website and abstracted bibliometric data. We included publications of any type containing the phrase “shared decision making” or five other variants in their abstract or full text. These were referred to as SDM publications. A polynomial Poisson regression model with logarithmic link function was used to assess the evolution across the period of the number of SDM publications according to publication characteristics. Results We identified 1285 SDM publications out of 229,179 publications in 15 journals from 1996 to 2011. The absolute number of SDM publications by journal ranged from 2 to 273 over 16 years. SDM publications increased both in absolute and relative numbers per year, from 46 (0.32% relative to all publications from the 15 journals) in 1996 to 165 (1.17%) in 2011. This growth was exponential (P?text search retrieved ten times more SDM publications than a similar PubMed search (1285 vs. 119 respectively). Conclusion This review in full-text showed that SDM publications increased exponentially in major medical journals from 1996 to 2011. This growth might reflect an increased dissemination of the SDM concept to the medical community. PMID:25106844

2014-01-01

72

Electronic Documentation Support Tools and Text Duplication in the Electronic Medical Record  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to ease the burden of electronic note entry on physicians, electronic documentation support tools have been developed to assist in note authoring. There is little evidence of the effects of these tools on attributes of clinical documentation, including document quality. Furthermore, the resultant abundance of duplicated text and…

Wrenn, Jesse

2010-01-01

73

Evaluation of DEFINDER: a system to mine definitions from consumer-oriented medical text  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present DEFINDER, a rule-based system that mines cons umer-oriented full text articles in order to extract definitions and the terms they define. This research is part of Digital Library Project at Columbia University, entitled PERSIVAL (PErsonalized Retrieval and Summarization of Image, Video and Language resources) [5]. One goal of the project is to present information to

Judith L. Klavans; Smaranda Muresan

2001-01-01

74

International Journal of Medical Informatics (2005) xxx, xxx--xxx Distributed modules for text annotation and  

E-print Network

--protein interaction; UniProt; Gene ontology Summary Biological databases contain facts from scientific literature Ontology (GO)6 or COSMIC.7 Curation of such facts is time-consuming and costly. It can be supported by text, tissue type, species, indication of function and mutations of sequence. Again controlled vocabularies

Edinburgh, University of

75

The Effectiveness of the Smog Index in Determining the Reading Levels of Business and Distributive Education Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

McLaughlin's Smog Index was compared to the Dale-Chall formula for the determination of reading levels of 48 textbooks in business and distributive education. A Modified Smog Index proved a valid substitute for the Dale-Chall formula when used to evaluate the reading levels of business and distributive education narrative. (Author/CT)

Schultheis, Robert A.; Anderson, Roberta

1982-01-01

76

PICO element detection in medical text without metadata: are first sentences enough?  

PubMed

Efficient identification of patient, intervention, comparison, and outcome (PICO) components in medical articles is helpful in evidence-based medicine. The purpose of this study is to clarify whether first sentences of these components are good enough to train naive Bayes classifiers for sentence-level PICO element detection. We extracted 19,854 structured abstracts of randomized controlled trials with any P/I/O label from PubMed for naive Bayes classifiers training. Performances of classifiers trained by first sentences of each section (CF) and those trained by all sentences (CA) were compared using all sentences by ten-fold cross-validation. The results measured by recall, precision, and F-measures show that there are no significant differences in performance between CF and CA for detection of O-element (F-measure=0.731±0.009 vs. 0.738±0.010, p=0.123). However, CA perform better for I-elements, in terms of recall (0.752±0.012 vs. 0.620±0.007, p<0.001) and F-measures (0.728±0.006 vs. 0.662±0.007, p<0.001). For P-elements, CF have higher precision (0.714±0.009 vs. 0.665±0.010, p<0.001), but lower recall (0.766±0.013 vs. 0.811±0.012, p<0.001). CF are not always better than CA in sentence-level PICO element detection. Their performance varies in detecting different elements. PMID:23899909

Huang, Ke-Chun; Chiang, I-Jen; Xiao, Furen; Liao, Chun-Chih; Liu, Charles Chih-Ho; Wong, Jau-Min

2013-10-01

77

Transmission of classical medical texts through languages of the Middle-East.  

PubMed

Classical texts, i.e. Greek treatises on medicine, reached Western Europe during the Middle-Ages by few ways, mainly either directly from the Hellenistic world, or indirectly through versions in the languages of the Middle-East, especially [Syriac]-Arabic. The comparison between Greek manuscripts and translations may be useful for both correction and interpretation of texts. An extraordinary case may arise when the original Greek treatise is lost and only the Arabic version is available. This is the case of a Commentarium of Galen on the Hippocratic De aere aquis et locis: the treatise has recently been found in a manuscript (Tal'at, tibb 550) at the National Library, Cairo, and is the work of translators of the school of Hunayn ibn Ishâq (9th century), the Nestorian physician who had a skilled philological method of reconstruction of original Greek texts. Other relevant ways of transmission (Byzantine area-Spain mainly at the time of the Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenete, Arabian Africa-Salernum with Constantine the African) played an important role in the recovery of Classical Medicine in the Western World, through both Arabic-Muslim and Arabic-Hebrew physicians. PMID:11640111

Angeletti, L R

1990-01-01

78

Automated Detection of Systematic Off-label Drug Use in Free Text of Electronic Medical Records  

PubMed Central

Off-label use of a drug occurs when it is used in a manner that deviates from its FDA label. Studies estimate that 21% of prescriptions are off-label, with only 27% of those uses supported by evidence of safety and efficacy. We have developed methods to detect population level off-label usage using computationally efficient annotation of free text from clinical notes to generate features encoding empirical information about drug-disease mentions. By including additional features encoding prior knowledge about drugs, diseases, and known usage, we trained a highly accurate predictive model that was used to detect novel candidate off-label usages in a very large clinical corpus. We show that the candidate uses are plausible and can be prioritized for further analysis in terms of safety and efficacy. PMID:24303308

Jung, Kenneth; LePendu, Paea; Shah, Nigam

2013-01-01

79

Korean association of medical journal editors at the forefront of improving the quality and indexing chances of its member journals.  

PubMed

The article overviews some achievements and problems of Korean medical journals published in the highly competitive journal environment. Activities of Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors (KAMJE) are viewed as instrumental for improving the quality of Korean articles, indexing large number of local journals in prestigious bibliographic databases and launching new abstract and citation tracking databases or platforms (eg KoreaMed, KoreaMed Synapse, the Western Pacific Regional Index Medicus [WPRIM]). KAMJE encourages its member journals to upgrade science editing standards and to legitimately increase citation rates, primarily by publishing more great articles with global influence. Experience gained by KAMJE and problems faced by Korean editors may have global implications. PMID:23678253

Suh, Chang-Ok; Oh, Se Jeong; Hong, Sung-Tae

2013-05-01

80

Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors at the Forefront of Improving the Quality and Indexing Chances of its Member Journals  

PubMed Central

The article overviews some achievements and problems of Korean medical journals published in the highly competitive journal environment. Activities of Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors (KAMJE) are viewed as instrumental for improving the quality of Korean articles, indexing large number of local journals in prestigious bibliographic databases and launching new abstract and citation tracking databases or platforms (eg KoreaMed, KoreaMed Synapse, the Western Pacific Regional Index Medicus [WPRIM]). KAMJE encourages its member journals to upgrade science editing standards and to legitimately increase citation rates, primarily by publishing more great articles with global influence. Experience gained by KAMJE and problems faced by Korean editors may have global implications. PMID:23678253

Suh, Chang-Ok; Oh, Se Jeong

2013-01-01

81

The relationship of centralization, organizational culture and performance indexes in teaching hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences.  

PubMed

One of the main problems in the efficiency and efficacy of an organization is its structural issue. Organizational culture is also considered as an effective factor in the performance of many organizations. The main goal of the present study was to determine the relationship of Centralization and organizational culture and performance indexes in Teaching Hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. This correlation study was performed in the year 2007. The population studied consisted of 4408 personnel from 13 hospitals among whom 441 subjects were selected and studied via a class sampling method. Data was compiled using a check list concerning the evaluation status of Centralization and another form concerning performance indexes as well as Robbin's organizational culture questionnaire. Data were obtained from the subjects by self answering and analyzed by using descriptive statistical indexes, T- test and Fisher's exact tests. Among the organizational culture indexes of the hospitals studied, control and organizational identity was better as compared to others (mean=3.32 and 3.30). Concerning the extent of Centralization in the hospitals studied, 53.85 % and 46.15 % were reported to have upper and lower organizational Centralization, respectively. Mean ratio of surgical operations to inpatients was 40%, the mean rate of admissions per active bed was 60.83, mean bed occupancy coefficient was 70.79%, average length of stay was 6.96 days, and mean net death rate was 1.41%. No significant correlation was seen between Centralization degree, organizational culture and performance indexes in teaching hospitals Tehran university of medical sciences. (with 95% confidence interval). Due to the fact that first grade Teaching hospitals use board certified members, expert personnel, and advanced equipments and because of the limitation of patients choice and, the extent of Centralization and many organizational culture components have no significant correlation with performance indexes of these hospitals. Further research regarding structure is suggested in the future. PMID:21287467

Nasirpour, Amir Ashkan; Gohari, Mahmoud Reza; Moradi, Saied

2010-01-01

82

Subject Indexes vs. Original Documents as Research Sources: A Comparative Account of Text Construction and Use for Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adaptation of Heilprin's model of the path of propagation of human messages is used to explore the truism that more experienced academic researchers tend to go directly to the published literature, while less experienced researchers may rely more on such secondary sources as indexes and other library reference and bibliographic services. The…

Eichman, Thomas Lee

83

Diagnostic E-codes for commonly used narrow therapeutic index medications poorly predict adverse drug events  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Objective: We sought to examine,the validity of specific hospital discharge codes in identifying drug toxicity precipitating hospitali- zation, among elderly users of high-risk medications. Study Design and,Setting: We conducted,a cross-sectional evaluation assessing the diagnostic test characteristics of International Classification of Diseases-9 External-Cause-of-Injury codes (E-codes) compared,with a reference standard of medical record review. This study was nested within a prospective

Charles E. Leonard; Kevin Haynessupasu; A. Russell Localio; Sean Hennessy; Jennifer Tjia; Abigail Cohen; Stephen E. Kimmel; Harold I. Feldman; Joshua P. Metlay

84

In theory, speech recognition technology can make any spoken words in video or audio media usable for text indexing, search and  

E-print Network

recognition without the benefit of human corrections and editing. INFORMEDIATM : NEWS-ON-DEMAND EXPERIMENTS usable for text indexing, search and retrieval. This article describes the News-on-Demand application be obtained with only moderate speech recognition accuracy. 1. INFORMEDIA: NEWS-ON-DEMAND The Informedia

85

Direct Document Capture and Full Text Indexing: An Introduction to the National Air and Space Museum System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes objectives of a museum information system: to capture photographic, lineal, and textual documents in high resolution digital images; to convert digital images of text to standard computer code; and to retrieve appropriate code automatically through keyword searching of full text. System assembly and planned and potential applications are…

Boyne, Walter J.; Otano, Herman

1984-01-01

86

Manchester Clinical Placement Index (MCPI). Conditions for Medical Students' Learning in Hospital and Community Placements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The drive to quality-manage medical education has created a need for valid measurement instruments. Validity evidence includes the theoretical and contextual origin of items, choice of response processes, internal structure, and interrelationship of a measure's variables. This research set out to explore the validity and potential utility of an…

Dornan, Tim; Muijtjens, Arno; Graham, Jennifer; Scherpbier, Albert; Boshuizen, Henny

2012-01-01

87

Increased Hatha yoga experience predicts lower body mass index and reduced medication use in women over 45 years  

PubMed Central

Background: Yoga has been shown to have many short-term health benefits, but little is known about the extent to which these benefits accrue over a long time frame or with frequent practice. Aims: The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which body mass index (BMI) and medication use in a sample of female yoga practitioners over 45 years varied according to the length and frequency of yoga practice. Materials and Methods: We administered online surveys to 211 female yoga practitioners aged 45 to 80 years. We used regression analyses to evaluate the relationship of extent of yoga experience to both BMI and medication use after accounting for age and lifestyle factors. We also conducted comparisons with 182 matched controls. Results: Participants had practiced yoga for as long as 50 years and for up to 28 hours per week. There were significant inverse relationships between yoga experience and both BMI and medication load. These significant relationships remained after accounting for age and lifestyle factors. When we computed yoga experience in terms of total calendar years, without accounting for hours of practice, significant relationships did not remain. However, there was no obesity in the 49 participants with more than 25 years of yoga practice. Yoga practitioners were less likely than non-practitioners to use medication for metabolic syndrome, mood disorders, inflammation, and pain. Conclusions: A long-term yoga practice was associated with little or no obesity in a non-probability sample of women over 45 years. Relationships showed a dose-response effect, with increased yoga experience predicting lower BMI and reduced medication use. PMID:22022126

Moliver, N; Mika, EM; Chartrand, MS; Burrus, SWM; Haussmann, RE; Khalsa, SBS

2011-01-01

88

EFFECTIVENESS OF A PROGRAMED TEXT IN TEACHING GYNECOLOGIC ONCOLOGY TO JUNIOR MEDICAL STUDENTS, A SOURCE BOOK ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAMED MATERIALS FOR USE IN A CLINICAL DISCIPLINE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT DESCRIBES A STUDY TO DETERMINE WHETHER PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION COULD BE USED TO IMPROVE THE TEACHING OF THE MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH GYNECOLOGIC NEOPLASMS TO JUNIOR MEDICAL STUDENTS. TWO PROGRAMED TEXTS WERE PREPARED--(1) A "CONTENT" TEXT, AN 830-FRAME LINEARLY PROGRAMED TEXT DESIGNED TO REPLACE CONVENTIONAL CLASSROOM TEACHING OF…

WILDS, PRESTON L.; ZACHERT, VIRGINIA

89

At the crossroads of Greek and Roman medicine: the contribution of Latin papyri. 1. Medical texts; 2. Iatromagical papyri.  

PubMed

1. Far fewer Latin medical papyri, whether paraliterary, documentary or magical, have survived compared to Greek medical papyri, but they nonetheless provide interesting information about medical practices in the Graeco-Roman world, the relationship between Greek and Latin medical languages, and the choices made to use one rather than the other, a subject that has never been exhaustively studied. As part of the update undertaken by CEDOPAL since 2008 of the Corpus papyrorum Latinarum, published fifty years ago by the late Robert Cavenaile, we have inventoried Latin papyri containing medical references, classifying them by type or nature of content, provenance, form, layout, and writing. We finally analyse their content and what it reveals about the reception of Greek medicine by Latin or Latin-speaking writers. 2. The second section presents the only iatromagical papyrus in Latin known at the present time, P. Held. inv. lat. 5 (Suppl. Mag. 1.36, ca. fifth/sixth centuries, Fustat [?]), and compares its content with that of the Greek iatromagical papyri (dating from the first century B.C. to the seventh century A.D.) on one hand, and on the other hand with iatromagical formulae in Latin that have been preserved on metal leaves coming from Italy, Hungary, France, and England. PMID:25195324

Marganne, Marie-Hélène; de Haro Sanchez, Magali

2014-01-01

90

What's on the News? The Use of Media Texts in Exams of Clinical Biochemistry for Medical and Nutrition Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health-related popular articles are easily found among media sources. With the increasing popularity of the internet, medical information--full of misconceptions--has become easily available to the lay people. The ability to recognize misconceptions may require good biomedical knowledge. In this sense, we decided to use articles from the internet…

Oliveira, Julia Martins; Mesquita, Diego Martins; Hermes-Lima, Marcelo

2010-01-01

91

Voice vs. Text Chats: Their Efficacy for Learning Probing Questions by Non-Native Speaking Medical Professionals in Online Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through an English for Specific Purposes (ESP): Communication in Nursing online course, the present study examines the efficacy of synchronous voice-based and text-based chats as instructional and communicative modes in learning to use open questions for probing in therapeutic dialogues by non-native speaking (NNS) participants, students of a…

Ellis, Olga

2012-01-01

92

Improving and Measuring Inpatient Documentation of Medical Care within the MS-DRG System: Education, Monitoring, and Normalized Case Mix Index  

PubMed Central

Documentation of the care delivered to hospitalized patients is a ubiquitous and important aspect of medical care. The majority of references to documentation and coding are based on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Medicare Severity Diagnosis Related Group (MS-DRG) inpatient prospective payment system (IPPS). We educated the members of a clinical care team in a single department (neurosurgery) at our hospital. We measured subsequent documentation improvements in a simple, meaningful, and reproducible fashion. We created a new metric to measure documentation, termed the “normalized case mix index,” that allows comparison of hospitalizations across multiple unrelated MS-DRG groups. Compared to one year earlier, the traditional case mix index, normalized case mix index, severity of illness, and risk of mortality increased one year after the educational intervention. We encourage other organizations to implement and systematically monitor documentation improvement efforts when attempting to determine the accuracy and quality of documentation achieved. PMID:25214820

Rosenbaum, Benjamin P.; Lorenz, Robert R.; Luther, Ralph B.; Knowles-Ward, Lisa; Kelly, Dianne L.; Weil, Robert J.

2014-01-01

93

Mobile Assessment and Treatment for Schizophrenia (MATS): a pilot trial of an interactive text-messaging intervention for medication adherence, socialization, and auditory hallucinations.  

PubMed

Mobile Assessment and Treatment for Schizophrenia (MATS) employs ambulatory monitoring methods and cognitive behavioral therapy interventions to assess and improve outcomes in consumers with schizophrenia through mobile phone text messaging. Three MATS interventions were developed to target medication adherence, socialization, and auditory hallucinations. Participants received up to 840 text messages over a 12-week intervention period. Fifty-five consumers with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were enrolled, but 13 consumers with more severe negative symptoms, lower functioning, and lower premorbid IQ did not complete the intervention, despite repeated prompting and training. For completers, the average valid response rate for 216 outcome assessment questions over the 12-week period was 86%, and 86% of phones were returned undamaged. Medication adherence improved significantly, but only for individuals who were living independently. Number of social interactions increased significantly and a significant reduction in severity of hallucinations was found. In addition, the probability of endorsing attitudes that could interfere with improvement in these outcomes was also significantly reduced in MATS. Lab-based assessments of more general symptoms and functioning did not change significantly. This pilot study demonstrated that low-intensity text-messaging interventions like MATS are feasible and effective interventions to improve several important outcomes, especially for higher functioning consumers with schizophrenia. PMID:22080492

Granholm, Eric; Ben-Zeev, Dror; Link, Peter C; Bradshaw, Kristen R; Holden, Jason L

2012-05-01

94

Citation Analysis of the Korean Journal of Urology From Web of Science, Scopus, Korean Medical Citation Index, KoreaMed Synapse, and Google Scholar  

PubMed Central

The Korean Journal of Urology began to be published exclusively in English in 2010 and is indexed in PubMed Central/PubMed. This study analyzed a variety of citation indicators of the Korean Journal of Urology before and after 2010 to clarify the present position of the journal among the urology category journals. The impact factor, SCImago Journal Rank (SJR), impact index, Z-impact factor (ZIF, impact factor excluding self-citation), and Hirsch Index (H-index) were referenced or calculated from Web of Science, Scopus, SCImago Journal & Country Ranking, Korean Medical Citation Index (KoMCI), KoreaMed Synapse, and Google Scholar. Both the impact factor and the total citations rose rapidly beginning in 2011. The 2012 impact factor corresponded to the upper 84.9% in the nephrology-urology category, whereas the 2011 SJR was in the upper 58.5%. The ZIF in KoMCI was one fifth of the impact factor because there are only two other urology journals in KoMCI. Up to 2009, more than half of the citations in the Web of Science were from Korean researchers, but from 2010 to 2012, more than 85% of the citations were from international researchers. The H-indexes from Web of Science, Scopus, KoMCI, KoreaMed Synapse, and Google Scholar were 8, 10, 12, 9, and 18, respectively. The strategy of the language change in 2010 was successful from the perspective of citation indicators. The values of the citation indicators will continue to increase rapidly and consistently as the research achievement of authors of the Korean Journal of Urology increases. PMID:23614057

2013-01-01

95

Citation Analysis of the Korean Journal of Urology From Web of Science, Scopus, Korean Medical Citation Index, KoreaMed Synapse, and Google Scholar.  

PubMed

The Korean Journal of Urology began to be published exclusively in English in 2010 and is indexed in PubMed Central/PubMed. This study analyzed a variety of citation indicators of the Korean Journal of Urology before and after 2010 to clarify the present position of the journal among the urology category journals. The impact factor, SCImago Journal Rank (SJR), impact index, Z-impact factor (ZIF, impact factor excluding self-citation), and Hirsch Index (H-index) were referenced or calculated from Web of Science, Scopus, SCImago Journal & Country Ranking, Korean Medical Citation Index (KoMCI), KoreaMed Synapse, and Google Scholar. Both the impact factor and the total citations rose rapidly beginning in 2011. The 2012 impact factor corresponded to the upper 84.9% in the nephrology-urology category, whereas the 2011 SJR was in the upper 58.5%. The ZIF in KoMCI was one fifth of the impact factor because there are only two other urology journals in KoMCI. Up to 2009, more than half of the citations in the Web of Science were from Korean researchers, but from 2010 to 2012, more than 85% of the citations were from international researchers. The H-indexes from Web of Science, Scopus, KoMCI, KoreaMed Synapse, and Google Scholar were 8, 10, 12, 9, and 18, respectively. The strategy of the language change in 2010 was successful from the perspective of citation indicators. The values of the citation indicators will continue to increase rapidly and consistently as the research achievement of authors of the Korean Journal of Urology increases. PMID:23614057

Huh, Sun

2013-04-01

96

[An international comparison of publications from the staff of the First Medical Faculty of Charles University using the Science Citation Index and the 1991-1994 faculty bibliography].  

PubMed

The present tendency is to require publishing activity as one of the evaluation criteria for research performance, and to apply the ranking of journals according to their impact factors as published in the Science Citation Index (SCI). In the first two sections of this papers, ten top original papers and five top monographs from the faculty staff of the 1st Medical Faculty of the Charles University (1.MF) from the years 1991-1995 are quoted, to demonstrate their publishing results. The third section discusses the publishing output of the 1.MF and the Faculty Hospital, and covers 7,164 publications. From 1993, a detailed annual Faculty Bibliography has appeared. The publications are divided into 18 categories, and their absolute and relative quantities are presented in table form. The analysis of quantity and type of publishing category is compared with the analogous spectrum of document types appearing in Current Contents-Life Sciences. 87.9% of all publications appeared in journals. 11.3% were published in international journals indexed by SCI. The paper also discusses the impact of the evidence of such indexing of the growing publishing output of the 1.MF in all categories, including possibilities for increasing the number of papers published in core international journals, as defined by their SCI ranking. PMID:9424718

Spála, M

1996-01-01

97

Finding full-text Science Times articles on Proquest Databases by using the New York Times Web site (www.nytimes.com) as an index.  

E-print Network

Finding full-text Science Times articles on Proquest Databases by using the New York Times Web site with the first few sentences of the article. 8. Copy the title. 9. In a separate window, open the Proquest into the Basic Search box in Proquest. 11. This search will bring up the full-text of the New York Times science

98

Cardioankle vascular index evaluations revealed that cotreatment of ARB Antihypertension medication with traditional Chinese medicine improved arterial functionality.  

PubMed

Qian Yang He Ji (QYHJ) is a traditional Chinese medicine composed of Digitalis purpurea, Uncaria gambir, Fructus tribuli terrestris, and Ligustrum lucidum. Here, we explored whether combining an antihypertensive angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) therapy with QYHJ can improve the arterial functionality of hypertensive patients. One hundred and eight hypertensive patients were randomized into 2 groups; 1 group (n = 53) was treated with ARB and the other group (n = 55) was treated with ARB combined with QYHJ. Each of the 2 groups included 3 subgroups (pure hypertension, hypertension with diabetes, and hypertension with coronary heart disease) and was further divided into patients with and without complications. The cardioankle vascular index and intima-media thickness and pulse pressure were the outcome evaluation parameter. Combined QYHJ and ARB treatment reduced the values of cardioankle vascular index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse pressure to significantly lower levels than ARB treatment alone did in hypertension patients after 6 months of treatment. ARB improves hypertension, but a combined QYHJ treatment can additionally ameliorate the arterial functionality not only in solely hypertensive patients but also in hypertensive patients with diabetes and coronary heart disease complications. QYHJ coapplication might be a choice to further improve the arterial functionality during an ARB hypertension treatment. PMID:23188130

Xu, Yan; Yan, Hua; Yao, Min J; Ma, Jie; Jia, Jun M; Ruan, Fen X; Yao, Zeng C; Huang, Hua M; Zheng, Jing; Chen, Ting; Lv, Hua; Endler, Alexander M

2013-05-01

99

Towards a Unified Medical Lexicon for French  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Medical Informatics has a constant need for basic Medical Language Processing tasks, e.g., for coding into controlled vocabularies, free text indexing and information retrieval. Most of these tasks involve term matching and rely on lexical resources: lists of words with attached information, including in- flected forms and derived words, etc. Such resources are publicly available for the English language

Pierre Zweigenbaum; Robert Baud; Anita Burgun; Fiammetta Namer

100

[Data analysis of electronic medical recored clinical changes in indexs of liver and kidney function when salvianolate injection is parenterally administered over extended period].  

PubMed

To understand the impact of salvianolate injection treatment of liver and kidney function using different from the hospital information system nationwide 18 large three hospitals (hospital information system, HIS) to extract using salvianolate age 18-80 years-old patient, a total of 10 470 cases, depending on the treatment used to have two times before and after treatment 7 d aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase patients (ALT), serum creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) measurement indicators grouped according salvianolate continuous use different treatment patients were divided into two groups, continuous medication time > 14 d were defined as the observation group, ? 14 d were defined as the control group, continuous medication longer than 31 d were not included in the analysis. Each index number of the observation group and the control group were: ALT (268/1 465), AST (270/1 585), Cr (278/1 582), BUN (278/1 611). After using propensity score methods to balance two groups of covariates, based on unweighted logistic regression logistic regression propensity score weighting combined with propensity score weighting to adjust for covariates logistic regression of liver and kidney function in the two groups were analyzed. The results showed: three logistic regression analysis showed no likelihood of ALT, AST, Cr targets two groups of patients with abnormal statistically significant difference, continuous medication time > 14 d may increase the risk of abnormal BUN indicators, comprehensive analysis still can not explain use different treatment of patients salvianolate cause liver and kidney toxicity damage, still large prospective randomized controlled trials further study. PMID:25532402

Li, Yuan; Xie, Yan-Ming; Huo, Jian; Zhang, Hui

2014-09-01

101

A Multi-Worksite Analysis of the Relationships among Body Mass Index, Medical Utilization and Worker Productivity  

PubMed Central

Background The relationships between worker health and productivity are becoming clearer. However, few large scale studies have measured the direct and indirect cost burden of overweight and obesity among employees using actual biometric values. Objective To quantify the direct medical and indirect (absence and productivity) cost burden of overweight and obesity in workers. Subjects A cross-sectional study of 10,026 employees in multiple professions and worksites across the U.S. Measures The main outcomes were five self-reported measures of workers’ annual healthcare use and productivity: doctor visits, emergency room visits, hospitalizations, absenteeism (days absent from work), and presenteeism (percent on-the-job productivity losses). Multivariate count and continuous data models (Poisson, negative binomial and zero-inflated Poisson) were estimated. Results After adjusting for covariates, obese employees had 20% higher doctor visits than normal weight employees (CI 16%, 24%, p < 0.01) and 26% higher emergency room visits (CI 11%, 42%, p < 0.01). Rates of doctor and emergency room visits for overweight employees were no different than those of normal weight employees. Compared to normal weight employees, presenteeism rates were 10% and 12% higher for overweight and obese employees, respectively (CI 5%, 15% and 5%, 19%, all p < 0.01). Taken together, compared to normal weight employees, obese and overweight workers were estimated to cost employers $644 and $201 more per employee per year, respectively. Conclusions This study provides evidence that employers face a financial burden imposed by obesity. Implementation of effective workplace programs for the prevention and management of excess weight will benefit employers and their workers. PMID:20061888

2010-01-01

102

Mobile phone text message reminders of antipsychotic medication: is it time and who should receive them? A cross-sectional trust-wide survey of psychiatric inpatients  

PubMed Central

Background Poor adherence to antipsychotic medication is a widespread problem, and the largest predictor of relapse in patients with psychosis. Electronic reminders are increasingly used to improve medication adherence for a variety of medical conditions, but have received little attention in the context of psychotic disorders. We aimed to explore the feasibility and acceptability of including short message service (SMS) medication reminders in the aftercare plan of service users discharged from inpatient care on maintenance antipsychotic medication. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional, trust-wide survey in the inpatient units of the Oxleas National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust in the UK between June 29 and August 3, 2012. Using a self-report questionnaire and the Drug Attitude Inventory, we examined inpatient attitudes towards antipsychotic drugs, past adherence to antipsychotic medication, frequency of mobile phone ownership, and interest in receiving SMS medication reminders upon discharge from the ward. Predictors of a patient’s interest in receiving electronic reminders were examined using simple logistic regression models. Results Of 273 inpatients, 85 met eligibility criteria for the survey, showed decisional capacity, and agreed to participate. Of the 85 respondents, over a third (31-35%) admitted to have forgotten to take/collect their antipsychotic medication in the past, and approximately half (49%) to have intentionally skipped their antipsychotics or taken a smaller dose than prescribed. Male patients (55%), those with negative attitudes towards antipsychotics (40%), and those unsatisfied with the information they received on medication (35%) were approximately 3 to 4 times more likely to report past intentional poor adherence. The large majority of respondents (80-82%) reported having a mobile phone and knowing how to use SMS, and a smaller majority (59%) expressed an interest in receiving SMS medication reminders after discharge. No variable predicted a patient’s interest in receiving electronic reminders of antipsychotics. Conclusions Automatic SMS reminders of antipsychotic medication were acceptable to the majority of the survey respondents as an optional service offered upon discharge from inpatient care. Automatic electronic reminders deserve further investigation as a flexible, minimally invasive, cost-effective and broadly applicable tool that can potentially improve antipsychotic adherence and clinical outcomes. PMID:24447428

2014-01-01

103

Graduate Studies in Medical Biophysics  

E-print Network

Graduate Studies in Medical Biophysics Leading Edge Biomedical Research at the University. 8 Medical Biophysics Graduate Faculty p. 10 Faculty & Project Descriptions - Biology p. 11 Medical Faculty & Project Descriptions - Physics p. 78 Index of Faculty p. 115 Dept Medical Biophysics

Sokolowski, Marla

104

The Medline/full-text research project.  

PubMed

This project was designed to test the relative efficacy of index terms and full-text for the retrieval of documents in those MEDLINE journals for which full-text searching was also available. The full-text files used were MEDIS from Mead Data Central and CCML from BRS Information Technologies. One hundred clinical medical topics were searched in these two files as well as the MEDLINE file to accumulate the necessary data. It was found that full-text identified significantly more relevant articles than did the indexed file, MEDLINE. The full-text searches, however, lacked the precision of searches done in the indexed file. Most relevant items missed in the full-text files, but identified in MEDLINE, were missed because the searcher failed to account for some aspect of natural language, used a logical or positional operator that was too restrictive, or included a concept which was implied, but not expressed in the natural language. Very few of the unique relevant full-text citations would have been retrieved by title or abstract alone. Finally, as of July, 1990 the more current issue of a journal was just as likely to appear in MEDLINE as in one of the full-text files. PMID:10111576

McKinin, E J; Sievert, M; Johnson, E D; Mitchell, J A

1991-05-01

105

The development of the de morton mobility index (DEMMI) in an older acute medical population: item reduction using the Rasch model (part 1).  

PubMed

The DEMMI (de Morton Mobility Index) is a new and advanced instrument for measuring the mobility of all older adults across clinical settings. It overcomes practical and clinimetric limitations of existing mobility instruments. This study reports the process of item reduction using the Rasch model in the development of the DEMMI. Prior to this study, qualitative methods were employed to generate a pool of 51 items for potential inclusion in the DEMMI. The aim of this study was to reduce the item set to a unidimensional subset of items that ranged across the mobility spectrum from bed bound to high levels of independent mobility. Fifty-one physical performance mobility items were tested in a sample of older acute medical patients. A total of 215 mobility assessments were performed. Seventeen mobility items that spanned the mobility spectrum were selected for inclusion in the new instrument. The 17 item scale fitted the Rasch model. Items operated consistently across the mobility spectrum regardless of patient age, gender, cognition, primary language or time of administration during hospitalisation. Using the Rasch model, an interval level scoring system was developed with a score range of 0 to 100. PMID:23816594

de Morton, Natalie A; Davidson, Megan; Keating, Jennifer L

2013-01-01

106

Geochemistry Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is the index of a book used in a geochemistry course taught by W. M. White at Cornell University. There are 15 chapters and a table of contents available. All of the chapters are large PDF files and take some time to download. Figures and exercises accompany the text.

William M. White

107

MeSH indexing based on automatically generated summaries  

PubMed Central

Background MEDLINE citations are manually indexed at the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) using as reference the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) controlled vocabulary. For this task, the human indexers read the full text of the article. Due to the growth of MEDLINE, the NLM Indexing Initiative explores indexing methodologies that can support the task of the indexers. Medical Text Indexer (MTI) is a tool developed by the NLM Indexing Initiative to provide MeSH indexing recommendations to indexers. Currently, the input to MTI is MEDLINE citations, title and abstract only. Previous work has shown that using full text as input to MTI increases recall, but decreases precision sharply. We propose using summaries generated automatically from the full text for the input to MTI to use in the task of suggesting MeSH headings to indexers. Summaries distill the most salient information from the full text, which might increase the coverage of automatic indexing approaches based on MEDLINE. We hypothesize that if the results were good enough, manual indexers could possibly use automatic summaries instead of the full texts, along with the recommendations of MTI, to speed up the process while maintaining high quality of indexing results. Results We have generated summaries of different lengths using two different summarizers, and evaluated the MTI indexing on the summaries using different algorithms: MTI, individual MTI components, and machine learning. The results are compared to those of full text articles and MEDLINE citations. Our results show that automatically generated summaries achieve similar recall but higher precision compared to full text articles. Compared to MEDLINE citations, summaries achieve higher recall but lower precision. Conclusions Our results show that automatic summaries produce better indexing than full text articles. Summaries produce similar recall to full text but much better precision, which seems to indicate that automatic summaries can efficiently capture the most important contents within the original articles. The combination of MEDLINE citations and automatically generated summaries could improve the recommendations suggested by MTI. On the other hand, indexing performance might be dependent on the MeSH heading being indexed. Summarization techniques could thus be considered as a feature selection algorithm that might have to be tuned individually for each MeSH heading. PMID:23802936

2013-01-01

108

Text Structure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page defines and describes text structure, or how the information within a written text is organized. It explains the benefits of teaching students to identify and analyze text structures within text and describes an instructional sequence in which students read examples of different text structures and then write paragraphs that follow a specific text structure. The site includes definitions and examples of five common text structures, and graphic organizers that can be used with each type of text. Links to additional resources and research citations are included.

2012-01-01

109

Population Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two excellent bibliographic resources for population studies are the "Population Index" from the Office of Population Research at Princeton University, and "Population Organizations: Finder's Guide" from the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "Population Index" is a quarterly publication that has been available since 1935. It "covers all fields of interest to demographers, including fertility, mortality, population size and growth, migration, nuptiality and the family, research methodology, projections and predictions, historical demography, and demographic and economic interrelations. Input is derived from original publications including monographs, journal articles, other serial publications, working papers, doctoral dissertations, machine-readable data files, and relevant acquisitions lists and bibliographies." About 3,500 citations are produced annually. Full text for the Index is available at the "Population Index" Web site for 1986-present (Vol. 52-present). Indexes can be searched by author, subject matter, geographical region, or publication year. There is now an experimental free text search capability for the 1994-present issues. "Population Organizations: Finder's Guide" is a no frills "practical tool for population professionals who need a single source for the quick location of organizations that publish and distribute or post population or family planning documents." It contains hundreds of citations, providing organization addresses, phone and FAX numbers, and Internet addresses when available. The Guide is updated every six months and is maintained by Ruth Sandor, Director of the Library of the Center for Demography and Ecology. Office of Population Research, Princeton University: http://opr.princeton.edu/ "Population Organizations: Finder's Guide": gopher://cde2.ssc.wisc.edu:70/00/addazlis gopher to: cde2.ssc.wisc.edu select: Population Organizations: Finder's Guide Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/

1986-01-01

110

Fetch Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Looking for a new way to share articles in your emails? Fetch Text can lend a hand. By simply forwarding a link to the email address provided on the site, visitors will receive a response email of just the main text pulled from the link. ItâÂÂs easy to use and is compatible with all operating systems.

Jiang, Andy

111

Text Sets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents annotations of approximately 30 titles grouped in text sets. Defines a text set as five to ten books on a particular topic or theme. Discusses books on the following topics: living creatures; pirates; physical appearance; natural disasters; and the Irish potato famine. (SG)

Giorgis, Cyndi; Johnson, Nancy J.

2002-01-01

112

Block Addressing Indices for Approximate Text Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses indexing in large text databases, approximate text searching, and space-time tradeoffs for indexed text searching. Studies the space overhead and retrieval times as functions of the text block size, concludes that an index can be sublinear in space overhead and query time, and applies the analysis to the Web. (Author/LRW)

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo; Navarro, Gonzalo

2000-01-01

113

Text mining.  

PubMed

One of the fastest-growing fields in bioinformatics is text mining: the application of natural language processing techniques to problems of knowledge management and discovery, using large collections of biological or biomedical text such as MEDLINE. The techniques used in text mining range from the very simple (e.g., the inference of relationships between genes from frequent proximity in documents) to the complex and computationally intensive (e.g., the analysis of sentence structures with parsers in order to extract facts about protein-protein interactions from statements in the text). This chapter presents a general introduction to some of the key principles and challenges of natural language processing, and introduces some of the tools available to end-users and developers. A case study describes the construction and testing of a simple tool designed to tackle a task that is crucial to almost any application of text mining in bioinformatics--identifying gene/protein names in text and mapping them onto records in an external database. PMID:18712320

Clegg, Andrew B; Shepherd, Adrian J

2008-01-01

114

756 Association Between Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Body Mass Index Based on Diagnosis and Treatment Codes in an Electronic Medical Record Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Managed care organizations (MCOs) have access to treatment and diagnosis information from administrative claims data but generally have limited or no access to clinical information about laboratory values or biometric values such as body mass index (BMI) or waist circum- ference. Thus, MCOs are generally unable to identify overweight patients with cardiometabolic risk factors that put them at a

AMCP HeAdqu Arters; Cathryn A. Carroll; Shawn Burke; Richard A. Zabinski; Judith A. Cahill; Jean Brown; William K. Fleming; Robert S. Gregory; Robert McMahan; Pete Penna; Diana Brixner; Sameer R. Ghate; Rami Ben-Joseph; Norman V. Carroll; Shamima Khan; Robert Sylvester; David Scott; Bruce Pitts

2008-01-01

115

Hierarchies of Indices for Text Searching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses indexes for text databases and presents an efficient implementation of an index for text searching called PAT array, or suffix array, where the database is stored on secondary storage devices such as magnetic or optical disks. Additional hierarchical index structures and searching algorithms are proposed that improve searching time, and…

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo; And Others

1996-01-01

116

Text Retrieval on a Microcomputer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents description of the Generalized Automatic Text Organization and Retrieval system (GATOR), a database system that indexes and retrieves information from machine-readable texts such as interviews and case histories. Qualitative and quantitative analyses are discussed, and integrating GATOR with standard statistical packages is described.…

Giordano, Richard; And Others

1988-01-01

117

Inverted files for text search engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technology underlying text search engines has advanced dramatically in the past decade. The development of a family of new index representations has led to a wide range of innovations in index storage, index construction, and query evaluation. While some of these developments have been consolidated in textbooks, many specific techniques are not widely known or the textbook descriptions are

Justin Zobel; Alistair Moffat

2006-01-01

118

Index Numbers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Index numbers are used to aggregate detailed information on prices and quantities into scalar measures of price and quantity levels or their growth. The paper reviews four main approaches to bilateral index number theory where two price and quantity vectors are to be aggregated: fixed basket and average of fixed baskets, stochastic, test or axiomatic and economic approaches. The paper

Erwin Diewert

2007-01-01

119

UK Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The UK Index provides a searchable index of resources in or about the United Kingdom. The Quick Reference section offers links to News Resources in the UK such as the BBC, weather information, UK record charts, and UK related USENET newsgroups. The Foreign & Commonwealth Office provides good advice for travelers. The search engine allows the selection of categories such as arts or business to restrict the search to pages included in one category or a combination of categories.

120

The contents of this article and referenced websites, such as text, graphics, images, and other material contained on the site are for informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis,  

E-print Network

, family history and risk factors. Find out what health screenings, exams and immunizations you need or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Reliance on any information provided by these websites is solely at your own risk. APS is not responsible

Washington at Seattle, University of

121

Jung Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Matthew Clapp of the University of Georgia, the Jung Index is a collection of more than 300 online resources about and related to the life and work of Carl Jung, the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist who founded analytic psychology. Resources are indexed into ten major topic areas and include sections such as Research Resources, Jungian Psychology, and Psychoanalysis, among others. A What's New? section, a What's Cool? section, and the JungNet Newsletter keep frequent visitors up to date on the latest and greatest resources in analytic psychology. In addition, the site provides a glossary of Jungian terms, a gallery of Jungian images, and a moderated forum for Jungian discussion.

1999-01-01

122

Conformity index: A review  

SciTech Connect

We present a critical analysis of the conformity indices described in the literature and an evaluation of their field of application. Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, with or without intensity modulation, is based on medical imaging techniques, three-dimensional dosimetry software, compression accessories, and verification procedures. It consists of delineating target volumes and critical healthy tissues to select the best combination of beams. This approach allows better adaptation of the isodose to the tumor volume, while limiting irradiation of healthy tissues. Tools must be developed to evaluate the quality of proposed treatment plans. Dosimetry software provides the dose distribution in each CT section and dose-volume histograms without really indicating the degree of conformity. The conformity index is a complementary tool that attributes a score to a treatment plan or that can compare several treatment plans for the same patient. The future of conformal index in everyday practice therefore remains unclear.

Feuvret, Loic [Institut Curie, Orsay (France)]. E-mail: loic.feuvret@cpo.curie.net; Noel, Georges [Institut Curie, Orsay (France); Mazeron, Jean-Jacques [Institut Curie, Orsay (France); Pitie Salpetriere Hospital, Paris (France); Bey, Pierre [Institut Curie, Orsay (France); Institut Curie, Paris (France)

2006-02-01

123

Competency Index. [Health Technology Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency index lists the competencies included in the 62 units of the Tech Prep Competency Profiles within the Health Technologies Cluster. The unit topics are as follows: employability skills; professionalism; teamwork; computer literacy; documentation; infection control and risk management; medical terminology; anatomy, physiology, and…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

124

New generic indexing technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There has been no fundamental change in the dynamic indexing methods supporting database systems since the invention of the B-tree twenty-five years ago. And yet the whole classical approach to dynamic database indexing has long since become inappropriate and increasingly inadequate. We are moving rapidly from the conventional one-dimensional world of fixed-structure text and numbers to a multi-dimensional world of variable structures, objects and images, in space and time. But, even before leaving the confines of conventional database indexing, the situation is highly unsatisfactory. In fact, our research has led us to question the basic assumptions of conventional database indexing. We have spent the past ten years studying the properties of multi-dimensional indexing methods, and in this paper we draw the strands of a number of developments together - some quite old, some very new, to show how we now have the basis for a new generic indexing technology for the next generation of database systems.

Freeston, Michael

1996-01-01

125

New Air Quality Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On July 23, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the release of a new Air Quality Index, which is used by state and local agencies for reporting on daily air quality to the public, especially in major cities. The new Index has been revised to enhance public understanding of air quality and associated health effects, and it reflects updated health information on several pollutants. In addition to the full text of the new AQI Rule (105 p.), several related documents are offered at the site. These include the AQI fact sheet, Air Quality Guide, Ozone Health Effects Booklet, and Guideline for Reporting of Daily Air Quality.

United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.

126

Cumulative Index  

E-print Network

CUMULATIVE INDEX I. Articles (i) By Author Abate, Charles J. "Has Dretske Really Refuted Skepticism?", v.4, n.3 (June, 1977), pp. 169- 175. Abugattas, Juan A. "On the Relation Between Morality and the Notion of God". v.7, n.l (November, 1979...), pp. 47-81. Algeo, Donald. "Why Art?", v.7, n.2 (Spring, 1980), pp. 105-129. Austin, James W. "Rorty's Materialism", v.3, n.l (November, 1975), pp. 20-28. Bell, Gary. "A Characterization of Mathematics". v.8, n.2 (Summer, 1981), pp. 96-104. Bell...

1981-12-01

127

ResearchIndex  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the NEC Research Institute, ResearchIndex was created to improve the dissemination, functionality, usability, and efficiency of online scientific literature by demonstrating and providing "algorithms, techniques, and software that can be used in other digital libraries." The current demonstration database indexes over 150,000 computer science articles containing over 2 million citations. Searchable by keyword only, database returns feature several options. Users can review a list of citations to a given paper with links to the full text articles (Postscript or .pdf format), view related articles, and sign up to have new citations for selected articles emailed to them. In the future, users should also be able to review a dynamically created and continuously updated bibliography. Additional resources at the site include a collection of papers about citation indexing, digital libraries, Web analysis, and neural networks. Users may also submit papers to the database and subscribe to be notified when additional databases become available at the site.

128

A Review of Medical Education and Medical Informatics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology may help physicians to manage information more effectively through more accessible clinical indexes, databases of diagnostic test characteristics, computerized audits of clinical activities, on-line access to medical literature, etc. Medical informatics, a new discipline dedicated to the solution of information problems in…

Haynes, R. Brian; And Others

1989-01-01

129

Optimizing Medical Kits for Spaceflight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) is a probabilistic model that estimates medical event occurrences and mission outcomes for different mission profiles. IMM simulation outcomes describing the impact of medical events on the mission may be used to optimize the allocation of resources in medical kits. Efficient allocation of medical resources, subject to certain mass and volume constraints, is crucial to ensuring the best outcomes of in-flight medical events. We implement a new approach to this medical kit optimization problem. METHODS We frame medical kit optimization as a modified knapsack problem and implement an algorithm utilizing a dynamic programming technique. Using this algorithm, optimized medical kits were generated for 3 different mission scenarios with the goal of minimizing the probability of evacuation and maximizing the Crew Health Index (CHI) for each mission subject to mass and volume constraints. Simulation outcomes using these kits were also compared to outcomes using kits optimized..RESULTS The optimized medical kits generated by the algorithm described here resulted in predicted mission outcomes more closely approached the unlimited-resource scenario for Crew Health Index (CHI) than the implementation in under all optimization priorities. Furthermore, the approach described here improves upon in reducing evacuation when the optimization priority is minimizing the probability of evacuation. CONCLUSIONS This algorithm provides an efficient, effective means to objectively allocate medical resources for spaceflight missions using the Integrated Medical Model.

Keenan, A. B,; Foy, Millennia; Myers, G.

2014-01-01

130

Selective text utilization and text traversal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many large collections of full-text documents are currently stored in machine-readable form and processed automatically in various ways. These collections may include different types of documents, such as messages, research articles, and books, and the subject matter may vary widely. To process such collections, robust text analysis methods must be used, capable of handling materials in arbitrary subject areas, and

Gerard Salton; James Allan

1995-01-01

131

Abortion - medical  

MedlinePLUS

Therapeutic medical abortion; Elective medical abortion; Induced abortion; Nonsurgical abortion ... A medical, or nonsurgical, abortion can be done within 7 weeks from the first day of the woman's last ...

132

Medication Errors  

MedlinePLUS

... for Healthcare Research and Quality: Medical Errors and Patient Safety Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Medication Safety Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Patient Safety Institute for Safe Medication Practices To Err is ...

133

Text / Document Visualization  

E-print Network

1 Text / Document Visualization 1 Slides Adopted from: Dr. Shixia Liu, Microsoft Research Text++ Document Visualization Pipeline Preprocessing Feature Extraction Feature Evaluation Visual Design Visual Encoding Original document Text Mining Visualization User Interaction Interaction #12;5 Text/Document

Fang, Shiaofen

134

Medical Matrix  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Medical Matrix is a Web resource that offers a database of Internet clinical medicine resources. Medical Matrix categorizes resources by disease, specialty, and other interest areas. It is designed as a "home page" for a physician's or healthworker's computer. Medical Matrix is a project of the Internet Working Group of the American Medical Informatics Association.

135

MEDICAL "DEPRIVATION."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE SOCIAL AND MEDICAL PROBLEM TODAY HAS SHIFTED FROM PROVIDING FOR THE EMERGENCY MEDICAL NEEDS OF THE INDIGENT SICK TO RAISING THE LEVEL OF LOWER CLASS PARTICIPATION IN THE BENEFITS OF MODERN MEDICINE. GREATER ATTENTION IS BEING FOCUSED ON MEDICAL DEPRIVATION SUFFERED BY LARGE SEGMENTS OF THE POPULATION WHO DO NOT SHARE EQUALLY IN MEDICAL

SUCHMAN, EDWARD A.

136

Anchor Text Extraction for Academic Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anchor text plays a special important role in improving the performance of general Web search, due to the fact that it is relatively ob- jective description for a Web page by poten- tially a large number of other Web pages. Academic Search provides indexing and search functionality for academic articles. It may be desirable to utilize anchor text in aca-

Shuming Shi; Fei Xing; Mingjie Zhu; Zaiqing Nie; Ji-Rong Wen

2009-01-01

137

Text localization from photos  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a new text extraction algorithm is proposed. In real scenes the text is usually overlapped or is part of the background. To identify the text regions, in complex conditions, a method exploiting a ldquomulti-resolution feature based methodrdquo for extracting text with undefined dimension has been developed. Once identified, the multi-resolution information are merged and skimmed through a

Mirko Guarnera; Giuseppe Messina; Edoardo Ardizzone; Leonardo Agró

2009-01-01

138

Contextual Text Mining  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the dramatic growth of text information, there is an increasing need for powerful text mining systems that can automatically discover useful knowledge from text. Text is generally associated with all kinds of contextual information. Those contexts can be explicit, such as the time and the location where a blog article is written, and the…

Mei, Qiaozhu

2009-01-01

139

x indy — A Flexible Indexing System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst MakeIndex is an index processor which is suitable for the production of in- dexes in conjunction with many text formatters, its support for non-English languages is weak and a new version called International MakeIndex has been presented, for pro- cessing international documents. The improvements concentrate on the internation- alization of the sorting process for keywords in an index. Though

Roger Kehr

140

Index des mots-cls Keywords index  

E-print Network

Index des mots-clés Keywords index A Abies, 823 Abies alba, 265 acacia, 93 Acacia cyanophylla Lindl., 335 Acacia mearnsii De Wild., 833 acclimation, 19 AFLP, 627 AFLP, SSR, EST markers, 637 Agrobacterium

Boyer, Edmond

141

Untangling Text Data Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibilities for data mining from large text collections are virtually untapped. Text expresses a vast, rich range of information, but encodes this information in a form that is difficult to decipher automatically. Perhaps for this reason, there has been little work in text data mining to date, and most people who have talked about it have either conflated it

Marti A. Hearst

1999-01-01

142

Text-Translation Alignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an algorithm for aligning texts with their translations that is based only on internal evidence. The relaxation process rests on a notion of which word in one text corresponds to which word in the other text that is essentially based on the similarity of their distributions. It exploits a partial alignment of the word level to induce a

Martin Kay; Martin Röscheisen

1993-01-01

143

Elemental Data Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the NIST Physics Laboratory Physical Reference Data Page, this new addition "provides access to the holdings of NIST Physics Laboratory online data organized by element." The index (accessible in frames, no-frames, or text-only versions) simplifies the process of retrieving online data for each element in the periodic table. By clicking on the element, users may simply choose from a selection of information in the categories of atomic spectra data, x-ray and gamma ray data, radiation dosimetry data, nuclear physics data, and condensed matter physics data. The site is an excellent data reference for users to bookmark.

144

Effectively processing medical term queries on the UMLS Metathesaurus by layered dynamic programming  

PubMed Central

Background Mapping medical terms to standardized UMLS concepts is a basic step for leveraging biomedical texts in data management and analysis. However, available methods and tools have major limitations in handling queries over the UMLS Metathesaurus that contain inaccurate query terms, which frequently appear in real world applications. Methods To provide a practical solution for this task, we propose a layered dynamic programming mapping (LDPMap) approach, which can efficiently handle these queries. LDPMap uses indexing and two layers of dynamic programming techniques to efficiently map a biomedical term to a UMLS concept. Results Our empirical study shows that LDPMap achieves much faster query speeds than LCS. In comparison to the UMLS Metathesaurus Browser and MetaMap, LDPMap is much more effective in querying the UMLS Metathesaurus for inaccurately spelled medical terms, long medical terms, and medical terms with special characters. Conclusions These results demonstrate that LDPMap is an efficient and effective method for mapping medical terms to the UMLS Metathesaurus. PMID:25079259

2014-01-01

145

Oxford Text Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well-established Oxford Text Archive can now be accessed via its new web site, a redesign intended to improve navigation, functionality, and to utilize the SGML metadata available for all texts. Users can also now conduct full text searches. Founded in 1976 and based in the Humanities Computing Unit of Oxford University Computing Services, the Oxford Text Archive houses selected academic submissions for the purpose of preserving "high-quality electronic texts for research and teaching." Scholars and other interested users have access to more than 2500 resources in over 25 different languages. The OTA encourages new submissions of quality, scholarly electronic resources.

146

Oral Medication  

MedlinePLUS

... over-the-counter items. Explore: Oral Medication How Much Do Oral Medications Cost? Save money by finding the right type and ... Options? Is There a Danger of Interactions? How Much Do Oral Medications Cost? We Can Help (Long) - we-can-help-long. ...

147

Index Funds Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Matthew Roberts recently released Index Funds Online in response to the lack of index investment fund information on the Internet. Site features include the market performance newsletter Indexing Quarterly, background and definitional information on major US Indexes such as the S&P 500, and a library of new and interesting financial Websites, articles, and book reviews. Links to current index performance figures are also provided as well as a simple site search system and index fund discussion board.

148

Free text phrase encoding and information extraction from medical notes  

E-print Network

The Laboratory for Computational Physiology is collecting a large database of patient signals and clinical data from critically ill patients in hospital intensive care units (ICUs). The data will be used as a research ...

Shu, Jennifer (Jennifer J.)

2005-01-01

149

[Medical technology and medical education].  

PubMed

The education of medical professionals is divided into medical studies, postgraduate training leading to the qualification as a specialist, and continuing professional development. During education, all scientific knowledge and practical skills are to be acquired, which enable the physician to practice responsibly in a specialized medical area. In the present article, relevant curricula are analyzed regarding the consideration of medical device-related topics, as the clinical application of medical technology has reached a central position in modern patient care. Due to the enormous scientific and technical progress, this area has become as important as pharmacotherapy. Our evaluation shows that medical device-related topics are currently underrepresented in the course of medical education and training and should be given greater consideration in all areas of medical education. Possible solutions are presented. PMID:20700785

von Mallek, D; Biersack, H-J; Mull, R; Wilhelm, K; Heinz, B; Mellert, F

2010-08-01

150

Text formatting by demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In text formatters such as troff, Scribe, and TEX, users write macro procedures to specify the desired visual appearance. In What-You-See-Is-What-You-Get text formatters, such as MacWrite and Microsoft Word, the formatting is specified by directly manipulating the text. However, some important functionality is lost in these systems since they are not programmable, For example, if the user wants to change

Brad A. Myers

1991-01-01

151

TextImages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Those persons who do their own website design will find TextImages most useful. Developed by Stefan Trost, this helpful tool allows users to integrate text written on images into their websites. Visitors can create single text images with this application, along with a wide range of pictures. Visitors also have the ability to precisely adjust the writing, design, format, style, colors, fonts, margins, and spacing as they see fit. The tool is particularly useful for those who want headings or other recurring text to look the same regardless of browser or available fonts. This version is compatible with Windows 7, XP, and Vista.

Trost, Stefan

2012-03-30

152

Description logics in medical informatics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Description logics and related formalisms are being applied in at least v e applica- tions in medical informatics|terminology, intelligent user interfaces, decision sup- port and semantic indexing, language technology, and systems integration. Impor- tant issues include size, complexity, connectivity, and the wide range of granularity required|medical terminologies require on the order of 250,000 concepts, some in- volving a dozen or

Alan Rector

2003-01-01

153

The role of patient inexperience in medication discontinuation: A retrospective analysis of medication nonpersistence in seven chronic illnesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Previous studies have reported that patients who are medication naive in some medication classes have a higher risk of medication discontinuation during the first 30 days of treatment and shorter median times to discontinuation than do medication-experienced patients.Objectives: This study compared the risk of discontinuation during the first 30 days after the index fill and the median time to

Mark Vanelli; Alex Pedan; Nan Liu; Jennifer Hoar; Denise Messier; Keith Kiarsis

2009-01-01

154

Text File Comparator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

File Comparator program IFCOMP, is text file comparator for IBM OS/VScompatable systems. IFCOMP accepts as input two text files and produces listing of differences in pseudo-update form. IFCOMP is very useful in monitoring changes made to software at the source code level.

Kotler, R. S.

1983-01-01

155

Teaching Expository Text Structures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students enter high school unskilled in the art of reading to learn from science textbooks. Even students who can read full-length novels often find science books difficult to read because students have relatively little practice with the various types of expository text structures used by such textbooks (Armbruster, 1991). Expository text

Montelongo, Jose; Berber-Jimenez, Lola; Hernandez, Anita C.; Hosking, David

2006-01-01

156

Tools for Printing Indexes  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY This paper describes a set of programs for processing and printing the index for a book or a manual. The input consists of lines containing index terms and page numbers. The programs collect multiple occurrences of the same terms, compress runs of page numbers, create permutations (e.g., 'index, book' from 'book index'), and sort them into proper alphabetic order.

Jon Louis Bentley; Brian W. Kernighan

1988-01-01

157

KSC Construction Cost Index  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Kennedy Space Center cost Index aids in conceptual design cost estimates. Report discusses development of KSC Cost Index since January 1974. Index since January 1974. Index provides management, design engineers, and estimators an up-to-data reference for local labor and material process. Also provides mount and rate of change in these costs used to predict future construction costs.

Brown, J. A.

1983-01-01

158

Nucleic acid indexing  

DOEpatents

A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

1999-01-01

159

Nucleic acid indexing  

DOEpatents

A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

2001-01-01

160

Quaker Resources Online Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Quaker Resources Online Index is a World Wide Web-based index, including author, title, subject, and meeting indexes, that provides access to Quaker materials available on the Web. Given the current failings and shortcomings of search engines and automated key word searches, this index brings together information from a variety of sources and…

Beke-Harrigan, Heidi

161

Selecting Full-Text Undergraduate Periodicals Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how libraries and librarians can compare full-text general periodical indices, using ProQuest Direct, Periodical Abstracts (via Ovid), and EBSCOhost as examples. Explores breadth and depth of coverage; manipulation of results (email/download/print); ease of use (searching); and indexing quirks. (AEF)

Still, Julie M.; Kassabian, Vibiana

1999-01-01

162

Text on tap: the ACL\\/DCI  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a recent upsurge of interest in computational studies of large bodies of text. The aim of such studies varies widely, from lexicography and studies of language change to automatic indexing methods and statistical models for improving the performance of speech recognition systems and optical character readers. In general, corpus-based studies are critical for the development of adequate

Mark Liberman

1989-01-01

163

Texting on the Move  

MedlinePLUS

... than the road. In fact, driving while texting (DWT) can be more dangerous than driving under the ... drivers. Many more states are trying to put DWT regulations into action. Even in states without specific ...

164

Teaching Expository Text Structures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many students enter high school unskilled in the art of reading to learn from science textbooks. Even students who can read full-length novels often find science books difficult to read because students have relatively little practice with the various types of expository text structures used by such textbooks. In this article, the authors present an activity using a modified form of the sentence completion or "fill-in-the-blanks" worksheet that reinforces students' fluency with expository text structure and context.

Hernandez, Anita C.; Hosking, David; Montelongo, Jose'; Berber-Jimenez, Lola

2006-02-01

165

Medical Assistants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For a concise summary of the medical assistant profession the Medical Assistants entry in the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Occupational Outlook Handbook is must read. The site covers topics ranging from the nature of the profession, working conditions, earnings, and more. The section on training, qualifications and advancement will be of special interest to medical assistant faculty and students. The section on sources of addition information will also be a good launching point for anyone seeking additional online resources.

2006-11-01

166

Semantic associative network for text analysis (SANTA)  

E-print Network

to try to minimize the semantic distance between the topics in WordNet. This distance can be thought of as a measure of semantic relatedness. It would try to take all possible meanings of a word into account while also considering the other words... in given text. After all of these calculations, appropriate indexes were determined. In an attempt to segment multi-paragraph expository texts, Hearst used lexical co-occurrence to estimate semantic relatedness [4] . Sentences were evaluated...

Airhart, Robert William

2000-01-01

167

What the Index Medicus Indexes, and Why *  

PubMed Central

The main criterion for selecting journals for indexing in Index Medicus, and thereby largely in MEDLARS, is quality. Subject scope varies with the voiced needs of the biomedical community. The Index aims to cover the best journals in all relevant subject fields, but the percentage of journals on a subject indexed depends on the quality of each journal. Country and language coverage depends on quality, even in the case of the best journals of each, although American biases may affect such selection. While a number of guidelines exist for identifying quality journals, information necessary to apply them confidently is often difficult to obtain. The National Library of Medicine is advised by an Ad Hoc Panel on the Selection of Journals for Index Medicus, composed both of NLM officers and extramural members. Criticism has been voiced that too many titles are indexed, compared with titles actually used, but no meaningful statistics of use exist which can identify titles which should be excluded from indexing. Continuing suggestions from users regarding titles indexed would benefit everyone. PMID:5922258

Truelson, Stanley D.

1966-01-01

168

Text Retrieval Conference (TREC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) is an annual event that supports "research within the information retrieval community by providing the infrastructure necessary for large-scale evaluation of text retrieval methodologies." Proceedings of the conference covering all twelve years of its history are available on the TREC homepage. As TREC has evolved, it has added several focus areas that span new and different topics in information retrieval. These tracks mainly examine methods of searching and filtering different types of data, including genomic records, digital video, and data that is given in multiple languages.

2001-01-01

169

Utah Culture Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research one of Utah's many cultural festivals and send a text message explaining what you've learned! Step One: Research Select one of the following ethnic festivals in Utah to research. Navigate the webiste to find out what the festival is about and what one can do if they go to the festival. Look at available photos and videos to help learn about the festival. Asian Festival Festival of Colors Greek Festival India Fest Living Traditional Festival Scottish Festival St. Patrick s Day Parade Swiss Days Step Two: Text Message Pretend ...

Mrs. Wheeler

2011-03-02

170

Polymorphous Perversity in Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here's the tricky part: If we teach ourselves and our students that texts are made to be broken apart, remixed, remade, do we lose the polymorphous perversity that brought us pleasure in the first place? Does the pleasure of transgression evaporate when the borders are opened?

Johnson-Eilola, Johndan

2012-01-01

171

STEM Careers Cursive Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief video from WPSU compares technologies from yesterday with today. Yesterday a middle school girl writes in cursive while today a girl the same age texts on her cell. The video suggests that science will bring us technologies of tomorrow.

Wpsu

2009-11-10

172

Visualizing Informational Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visualizing is a reading comprehension strategy that can be applied to science-themed texts, according to this article from Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, a magazine that integrates literacy and science skills instruction. The author identifies six online resources that have activities, lesson plans, and more information.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

2011-03-01

173

Text Mining for Neuroscience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Text mining, sometimes alternately referred to as text analytics, refers to the process of extracting high-quality knowledge from the analysis of textual data. Text mining has wide variety of applications in areas such as biomedical science, news analysis, and homeland security. In this paper, we describe an approach and some relatively small-scale experiments which apply text mining to neuroscience research literature to find novel associations among a diverse set of entities. Neuroscience is a discipline which encompasses an exceptionally wide range of experimental approaches and rapidly growing interest. This combination results in an overwhelmingly large and often diffuse literature which makes a comprehensive synthesis difficult. Understanding the relations or associations among the entities appearing in the literature not only improves the researchers current understanding of recent advances in their field, but also provides an important computational tool to formulate novel hypotheses and thereby assist in scientific discoveries. We describe a methodology to automatically mine the literature and form novel associations through direct analysis of published texts. The method first retrieves a set of documents from databases such as PubMed using a set of relevant domain terms. In the current study these terms yielded a set of documents ranging from 160,909 to 367,214 documents. Each document is then represented in a numerical vector form from which an Association Graph is computed which represents relationships between all pairs of domain terms, based on co-occurrence. Association graphs can then be subjected to various graph theoretic algorithms such as transitive closure and cycle (circuit) detection to derive additional information, and can also be visually presented to a human researcher for understanding. In this paper, we present three relatively small-scale problem-specific case studies to demonstrate that such an approach is very successful in replicating a neuroscience expert's mental model of object-object associations entirely by means of text mining. These preliminary results provide the confidence that this type of text mining based research approach provides an extremely powerful tool to better understand the literature and drive novel discovery for the neuroscience community.

Tirupattur, Naveen; Lapish, Christopher C.; Mukhopadhyay, Snehasis

2011-06-01

174

Drug Burden Index in older adults: theoretical and practical issues  

PubMed Central

Anticholinergic and sedative medications are commonly used in older adults and are associated with adverse clinical outcomes. The Drug Burden Index was developed to measure the cumulative exposure to these medications in older adults and its impact on physical and cognitive function. This narrative review discusses the research and clinical applications of the Drug Burden Index, and its advantages and limitations, compared with other pharmacologically developed measures of high-risk prescribing. PMID:25246778

Kouladjian, Lisa; Gnjidic, Danijela; Chen, Timothy F; Mangoni, Arduino A; Hilmer, Sarah N

2014-01-01

175

AGU index terms updated  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

AGU has just completed a major revision of its Index Terms. The last major revision of the Index Terms was conducted in 1995. AGU Index Terms are used for classification of both AGU publications and meetings programs. The new Index Terms will be available for use by the AGU community on 17 December (http://www.agu.org/pubs/indexterms).A 15-person working group, representing various disciplinary groups across the AGU, was established by, and reports to, the Publications Committee. The Index Committee members consulted with their constituencies and considered term-by-term usage of the old Index Term list in creating the new list.

Kodama, Kenneth P.

2004-12-01

176

Environmental Sustainability Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A collaboration among the World Economic Forum's Global Leaders for Tomorrow Environment Task Force, The Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy, and the Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), the Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) "is a measure of overall progress towards environmental sustainability, developed for 122 countries." The ESI is based on 22 core "indicators," each of which combines two to six variables for a total of 67 underlying variables. The idea is to create cross-national comparisons of environmental progress as part of an effort to foster a more analytically driven approach to environmental decision-making. The top-ranked nations were Finland, Norway, and Canada, with the US coming in at number eleven and the UK placing sixteenth. Visitors can view the rankings and download the full text of the 225-page report and a Powerpoint Presentation at the site. A spreadsheet of the ESI is promised for the near future.

177

Clandestine E-Texts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited and maintained by Gianluca Mori of the University of Turin-Vercelli, this site currently hosts the full texts (in French) of seventeen French clandestine manuscripts from the early enlightenment. As Mori notes, the treatises share an anti-Christian attitude, but beyond that their philosophical inspiration varies, "leading sometimes either to a deist (Examen de la religion) or to an atheist position (Meslier's Memoire, Freret's Lettre de Thrasybule a Leucippe)." The treatises are offered in HTML format, some with related links. Links are also provided to several texts on other servers and to related resources. Users may register for email notification of updates to the site, which is also available in French and Italian.

178

Nuclear structure. [Text book  

Microsoft Academic Search

The text is divided into eight chapters and four appendices. Nucleon-nucleon forces is the subject of the first chapter, and a background in relevant portions of elementary particle physics is included. The following chapters deal with specific aspects of nuclear structure theory: nuclear shape and moments, nuclear matter characteristics, single-particle shell model, individual-particle model, collective nuclear effects, electromagnetic interactions with

Hornyak

1975-01-01

179

Scalable Inverted Indexing on NoSQL Table Storage Xiaoming Gao  

E-print Network

for searching field values, especially full-text field values. IndexedHBase solves this issue by adding support Descriptors H.3.1 [Content analysis and Indexing]: Indexing methods ­ full- text indexing in NoSQL databasesScalable Inverted Indexing on NoSQL Table Storage Xiaoming Gao School of Informatics and Computing

180

Overlay Text Retrieval From Video Scene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid growth of video data leads to an urgent demand for efficient and true contentbased browsing and retrieving systems. In response to such needs, various video content analysis schemes using one or a combination of image, audio, and text information in videos have been proposed to parse, index, or abstract massive amount of data text in video is a very compact and accurate clue for video indexing and summarization. Most video text detection and extraction methods hold assumptions on text color, background contrast, and font style. Moreover, few methods can handle multilingual text well since different languages may have quite different appearances. In this paper, an efficient overlay text detection and extraction method is implemented which deals with complex backgrounds. Based on our observation that there exist transient colors between inserted text and its adjacent background. It is robust with respect to font size, style text, color, orientation and noise and can be used in a large variety of application fields such as mobile robot navigation vehicle license detection and recognition, object identification , document retrieving, etc.

Manohar, K.; Irfan, S.; Sravani, K.

2013-03-01

181

The Database Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the characteristics of System Development Corporation's (SDC) online index to its database, "Database Index," and presents the results of various test searches to demonstrate the limitations and benefits of the new online file. (JD)

Antony, Arthur

1979-01-01

182

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail ... Medical Product Safety Network Emergency Situations (Medical Devices) Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section Medical ...

183

Ergito: Virtual Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ergito's Virtual Text, started in 2000, was created to provide a more timely and interactive alternative to printed scientific textbooks at the undergraduate and graduate level. This still-developing Web site covers life science writ large, including molecular biology, cell biology, genetics, biochemistry, immunology, and so on. However, only a small number of features are available free of charge. The first chapter of the molecular biology module -- Genes are DNA -- is available for free, as is Great Experiments, a collection of essays written by authors who conducted original research that has contributed greatly to our understanding of molecular and cellular biology. Great Experiments has a recently added essay by 2001 Nobel Prize winner Paul Nurse, titled "The Discovery of cdc2 as the Key Regulator of the Cell Cycle." These essays are formatted just as the Virtual Text pages are, with downloadable figures, a glossary, an online note-taking feature (notes are automatically compiled with a summary of the essay), glossary, and more. Ergito will soon make available Techniques, another free feature offering descriptions of widely used experimental protocols. Even without free access to the larger body of material in this Web site, Ergito is a fantastic resource for learning about molecular and cellular biology. Users must complete a free registration process to access this Web site.

184

Reception of Texts Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Reception of Texts Project at the Open University, this pilot database is designed to help practitioners of reception studies "address issues of performance with the same degree of rigour and attention to evidence which is expected in textual studies and to develop ways of documenting performance which recognise its cross disciplinary and creative dimensions." To that end, academics and students in classical studies, literature, theater studies, and related fields can use this database to search for information on the performances of Greek plays in the original and in adaptations, versions and translations in English from c.1970 to the present, and in the future, poetry in English which draws on Greek texts, myths, and images. The database offers nine search categories, each with a slightly different search format, some offering only a simple keyword search, others with multiple modifiers, and others with pull-down menus for browsing. With the exception of the Critical Works category, searches ultimately return a Production Details page which generally includes modern and original title, year, theater, dates of performance, company, and music, design, and general notes. A useful feature throughout the database is a Missing Information form, which allows users to submit additional or missing information about specific entries.

185

Internet Sacred Text Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The world's philosophical and religious traditions have found a fine home at the Internet Sacred Text Archive, which, as the homepage notes, is "a quiet place in cyberspace devoted to religious tolerance and scholarship." Working together with a number of colleagues and volunteers, JB Hare has compiled this vast archive of sacred and philosophical texts from a number of public-domain sources and placed them on the site. What makes the site so intriguing is that Hare has placed detailed information about the sources and standards that have been deployed for each separate project, which will be of great interest to scholars. While the entire site can be searched, there is much to be learned by looking through the topics listed on the main page, which range from Atlantis to Zoroastrianism. Each separate topic contains a number of accurately transcribed (and some times, translated) primary and secondary documents, such as first-hand collections of oral traditions. For persons looking for their own copy of the material contained on the site, a CD-ROM is available for purchase as well.

1997-01-01

186

Dow Jones Internet Indexes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dow Jones Indexes has created the Dow Jones Internet Index (DJII) to bring "an ordered perspective" to "the seeming chaos of Internet stocks." The new index includes companies that generate a minimum of 50 percent of their revenues from the Internet. Complete documentation of DJII components, data, historical values, and news are provided on-site.

187

California Nitrogen Index  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The California N Index User Manual is designed to help you become accustomed to the software environment in which the N Index runs. This manual will use an example scenario to demonstrate how to use the N Index to assess nitrogen losses. The objective of this theoretical example is to guide you towa...

188

The Europe 2020 Index  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a new index to quantify, measure and monitor the progress towards the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy. This index is based on a set of relevant, accepted, credible, easy to monitor and robust indicators presented by the European Commission at the time the strategy was launched. The internal analysis of the index shows…

Pasimeni, Paolo

2013-01-01

189

Medication Guide  

MedlinePLUS

... for heavy smokers. Prescription First-Line Medications: Other Bupropion Bupropion, also known as Zyban®, helps to reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms and the urge to smoke. Bupropion can be used safely with nicotine replacement products. ...

190

Medical Imaging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses four main types of medical imaging (x-ray, radionuclide, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance) and considers their relative merits. Describes important recent and possible future developments in image processing. (Author/MKR)

Barker, M. C. J.

1996-01-01

191

Botox (Medical)  

MedlinePLUS

... from any list. Close without sharing. Give Us Feedback Botox (Medical) Your name First Name MI Laast ... Your message: Close without sending Thank you. Your feedback will help us improve this site. Close What ...

192

Magnetic Resonance Online Texts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This well-organized and very thorough website was developed by the physicist Stanislav Sykora with the aim of providing free online texts, theses, and course materials on the subjects of magnetic resonance (MR), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear-magnetic resonance (NMR) and other related topics. The amount of material on the site is impressive. At the top of the page are links to an "MR Blog", as well as to "MR Links" and the "Site Plan & SEARCH". The NMR/MRI Extras section on the right side of the page is particularly useful for visitors interested in all things about MR. Its links to "Events" provides an up-to-date list of symposia, conferences, and meetings, along with links to the events' sites. The "Societies" link offers at least 50 groups about MR, some of which are country-based, and others that are region- or application-based.

S�½kora, Stanislav

193

Medication Adherence  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A key component in the management of health-care conditions is the use of prescribed medications. The effectiveness of medications\\u000a and their long-term benefits depends on adherence to the prescriber’s instructions [1]. Adherence is defined as the extent\\u000a to which people follow the instructions they are given for prescribed treatments [2]; it involves consumer choice and is intended\\u000a to be non-judgmental,

Hayden B. Bosworth

194

Indexing Variable Length Substrings for Exact and Approximate Matching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce two new index structures based on the q-gram index. The new structures index substrings of variable length instead of q-grams of fixed length. For both of the new indexes, we present a method based on the suffix tree to efficiently choose the indexed substrings so that each of them occurs almost equally frequently in the text. Our experiments show that the resulting indexes are up to 40% faster than the q-gram index when they use the same space.

Navarro, Gonzalo; Salmela, Leena

195

On noninferior performance index vectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The noninferior vector index problem of optimal control theory is investigated in an effort to establish some basic properties of the noninferior index surface in the generalN-dimensional index problem. The vector performance index problem is first converted to a family of scalar index problems by forming an auxiliary scalar index as a function of the vector index and a vector

R. W. Reid; S. J. Citron

1971-01-01

196

Information filtering based on wiki index database  

E-print Network

In this paper we present a profile-based approach to information filtering by an analysis of the content of text documents. The Wikipedia index database is created and used to automatically generate the user profile from the user document collection. The problem-oriented Wikipedia subcorpora are created (using knowledge extracted from the user profile) for each topic of user interests. The index databases of these subcorpora are applied to filtering information flow (e.g., mails, news). Thus, the analyzed texts are classified into several topics explicitly presented in the user profile. The paper concentrates on the indexing part of the approach. The architecture of an application implementing the Wikipedia indexing is described. The indexing method is evaluated using the Russian and Simple English Wikipedia.

Smirnov, A V

2008-01-01

197

Challenges and Research Directions in Medical Cyber-Physical Systems  

E-print Network

research issues. Index Terms--cyber-physical systems, model-based design, medical device systems, closed-loop physiological control, design challenges I. INTRODUCTION The medical device industry is undergoing a rapid trans-aware, networked systems of medical devices. These systems are increasingly used in hospitals to provide high

Plotkin, Joshua B.

198

Duplicate publication rate decline in Korean medical journals.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine trends in duplicate publication in Korean medical articles indexed in the KoreaMed database from 2004 to 2009, before and after a campaign against scientific misconduct launched by the Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors in 2006. The study covered period from 2007 to 2012; and 5% of the articles indexed in KoreaMed were retrieved by random sampling. Three authors reviewed full texts of the retrieved articles. The pattern of duplicate publication, such as copy, salami slicing (fragmentation), and aggregation (imalas), was also determined. Before the launching ethics campaign, the national duplication rate in medical journals was relatively high: 5.9% in 2004, 6.0% in 2005, and 7.2% in 2006. However, duplication rate steadily declined to 4.5% in 2007, 2.8% in 2008, and 1.2 % in 2009. Of all duplicated articles, 53.4% were classified as copies, 27.8% as salami slicing, and 18.8% as aggregation (imalas). The decline in duplicate publication rate took place as a result of nationwide campaigns and monitoring by KoreaMed and KoreaMed Synapse, starting from 2006. PMID:24550641

Kim, Soo Young; Bae, Chong-Woo; Hahm, Chang Kok; Cho, Hye Min

2014-02-01

199

Information Activities in Medical Library : Tokyo Women's Medical College Library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The library facilities, resource materials, training of librarians and so on are described at first. The library collection is that of middle sized medical library. However, since the facilities are not enough to handle it, it is necessary for the library to be supplemented by information services. Then primary information services such as reading of materials, interlibrary loan and journal acquisition system of the recent issues for each laboratory is outlined. Secondary information services centered around on-line information retrieval service, contents sheet service and preparation of index cards are also described. What a medical library should be is considered in terms of its relation to information services.

Nishioka, Masayuki

200

Frontiers of biomedical text mining: current progress  

PubMed Central

It is now almost 15 years since the publication of the first paper on text mining in the genomics domain, and decades since the first paper on text mining in the medical domain. Enormous progress has been made in the areas of information retrieval, evaluation methodologies and resource construction. Some problems, such as abbreviation-handling, can essentially be considered solved problems, and others, such as identification of gene mentions in text, seem likely to be solved soon. However, a number of problems at the frontiers of biomedical text mining continue to present interesting challenges and opportunities for great improvements and interesting research. In this article we review the current state of the art in biomedical text mining or ‘BioNLP’ in general, focusing primarily on papers published within the past year. PMID:17977867

Zweigenbaum, Pierre; Demner-Fushman, Dina; Yu, Hong; Cohen, Kevin B.

2008-01-01

201

Medical genetics  

SciTech Connect

This book on the subject of medical genetics is a textbook aimed at a very broad audience: principally, medical students, nursing students, graduate, and undergraduate students. The book is actually a primer of general genetics as applied to humans and provides a well-balanced introduction to the scientific and clinical basis of human genetics. The twelve chapters include: Introduction, Basic Cell Biology, Genetic Variation, Autosomal Dominant and Recessive Inheritance, Sex-linked and Mitochondrial Inheritance, Clinical Cytogenetics, Gene Mapping, Immunogenetics, Cancer Genetics, Multifactorial Inheritance and Common Disease, Genetic Screening, Genetic Diagnosis and Gene Therapy, and Clinical Genetics and Genetic Counseling.

Jorde, L.B.; Carey, J.C.; White, R.L.

1995-10-01

202

Medical leasing.  

PubMed

Leases for medical space can have far-reaching (and sometimes unintentional) consequences for the future of the practice and the costs of the business. In order to prevent hardship and expense down the line, it is especially important to review the lease to make sure that it reflects the practice's goals, needs, and structure. This article provides a number of provisions that are especially crucial to review and negotiate when leasing medical space, including use restrictions, assignment and subleasing clauses, build-out terms, and legal compliance requirements. PMID:22594070

Holden, Elizabeth A

2012-01-01

203

Medical Instrumentation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about the sorts of devices designed by biomedical engineers and the many other engineering specialties that are required in their design of medical diagnostics, therapeutic aids, surgical devices and procedures, and replacement parts. They discuss the special considerations that must be made when dealing with the human body, such as being minimally invasive, biocompatible, keeping sterile, lightweight, corrosion resistant, long lasting and electrically safe. They also explore how "form fits function." Students gain an appreciation for the amazing devices that improve our quality of life. This lesson serves as a starting point for students to begin to ponder how the medical devices in their everyday lives work.

Techtronics Program,

204

Human Development Index Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This data set traces the varying patterns of national progress in recent decades, documenting impressive long-term Human Development Index (HDI) gains even in most low-income countries. The data set also includes three innovative new measurements: the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI), the Gender Inequality Index (GII) and the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). The data set is available in both CSV and SDMX file formats and contains more than 100 indicators that measure quality of life for all UN member states.

United Nations

205

Recent Medical Device Recalls  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail this page Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety Medical Device Recalls Medical Device ...

206

Automatic text detection and tracking in digital video  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text which appears in a scene or is graphically added to video can provide an important supplementalsource of index information as well as clues for decoding the video's structure and for classification. In thispaper we present algorithms for detecting and tracking text in digital video. Our system implements a scalespacefeature extractor that feeds an artificial neural processor to detect text

Huiping Li; David S. Doermann; Omid E. Kia

2000-01-01

207

Automatic text location in images and video frames  

Microsoft Academic Search

Textual data is very important in a number of applications such as image database indexing and document understanding. The goal of automatic text location without character recognition capabilities is to extract image regions that contain only text. These regions can then be either fed to an optical character recognition module or highlighted for a user. Text location is a very

Anil K. Jain; Bin Yu

1998-01-01

208

[Medical geography].  

PubMed

Hippocrates already noted that geographical factors such as climate, relief, geology but also settlement patterns had influenced the distribution of diseases. The task of medical geography is to investigate the associations between geographical factors and diseases. Thereby, geographic techniques and concepts are applied on health problems. Of particular importance is the mapping of diseases whose causes are environmental-related. In addition, epidemiological, ecological but also social scientific studies play an important part in the investigation of the associations between geographical factors and diseases. In order to understand the associations between the spatial distribution of diseases and environmental exposures, geographic information systems as well as statistical analyses have recently become more important. Some authors regard medical geography merely as supporting discipline of medicine. Nevertheless, as men and environment future and as they play an important part in the diffusion of diseases being regarded as defeated, medical geography will play an important part concerning medical questions. Especially travel medicine will rely on geographic knowledge, if a patient has to be consulted who plans to travel to an unknown country of which knowledge on the geographical distribution and ecology of diseases will be necessary. PMID:17974122

Hauri, D

2007-10-17

209

Medical genetics  

SciTech Connect

This book presents a discussion of medical genetics for the practitioner treating or counseling patients with genetic disease. It includes a discussion of the relationship of heredity and diseases, the chromosomal basis for heredity, gene frequencies, and genetics of development and maldevelopment. The authors also focus on teratology, somatic cell genetics, genetics and cancer, genetics of behavior.

Nora, J.J.; Fraser, F.C.

1989-01-01

210

Medication errors: an overview for clinicians.  

PubMed

Medication error is an important cause of patient morbidity and mortality, yet it can be a confusing and underappreciated concept. This article provides a review for practicing physicians that focuses on medication error (1) terminology and definitions, (2) incidence, (3) risk factors, (4) avoidance strategies, and (5) disclosure and legal consequences. A medication error is any error that occurs at any point in the medication use process. It has been estimated by the Institute of Medicine that medication errors cause 1 of 131 outpatient and 1 of 854 inpatient deaths. Medication factors (eg, similar sounding names, low therapeutic index), patient factors (eg, poor renal or hepatic function, impaired cognition, polypharmacy), and health care professional factors (eg, use of abbreviations in prescriptions and other communications, cognitive biases) can precipitate medication errors. Consequences faced by physicians after medication errors can include loss of patient trust, civil actions, criminal charges, and medical board discipline. Methods to prevent medication errors from occurring (eg, use of information technology, better drug labeling, and medication reconciliation) have been used with varying success. When an error is discovered, patients expect disclosure that is timely, given in person, and accompanied with an apology and communication of efforts to prevent future errors. Learning more about medication errors may enhance health care professionals' ability to provide safe care to their patients. PMID:24981217

Wittich, Christopher M; Burkle, Christopher M; Lanier, William L

2014-08-01

211

Gradient index retroreflector  

DOEpatents

A retroreflector is formed of a graded index lens with a reflective coating at one end. The lens has a length of an odd multiple of a quarter period thereof. Hexagonally shaped graded index lenses may be closely packed in an array to form a retroreflecting surface.

Layne, Clyde B. (Livermore, CA)

1988-01-01

212

A Computer Calculated Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Gunning Fog Index of readability indicates both the average length of words and the difficult words (three or more syllables) in written material. This document describes a business communication course at Wayne State University in which students calculate the Gunning Fog Index of two of their writing assignments with the aid of the…

Brown, Francis J.

213

Universal Index System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Universal Index System (UIS) is an index management system that uses a uniform interface to solve the heterogeneity problem among database management systems. UIS provides an easy-to-use common interface to access all underlying data, but also allows different underlying database management systems, storage representations, and access methods.

Kelley, Steve; Roussopoulos, Nick; Sellis, Timos; Wallace, Sarah

1993-01-01

214

Consumer Price Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

According to the Consumer Price Index for March 2000, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.8 percent in March. This is a 3.7 percent increase since March 1999. After seasonal adjustments, the CPI-U rose 0.7 percent, after a 0.5 percent increase in February 2000.

215

Exploring Volumetrically Indexed Cups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article was inspired by a set of 12 cylindrical cups, which are volumetrically indexed; that is to say, the volume of cup "n" is equal to "n" times the volume of cup 1. Various sets of volumetrically indexed cylindrical cups are explored. I demonstrate how this children's toy is ripe for mathematical investigation, with connections to…

Jones, Dustin L.

2011-01-01

216

The Users of Indexes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems of indexing and index use lie at the heart of information use. They determine maximum possible use of information systems and sources, affect communication with users, influence the use of retrieved documents, and should form a more important field of research than past history indicates. Previous research provides some clues to user…

Beal, Christina

217

EMMSE Media Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This index provides a topical taxonomy of media which have been selected for their relevance in the teaching of materials science and engineering. The index is keyed to a matrix which matches topical and/or class material with six classifications of media: print, 16mm film, super 8 film, slide/tape, videotape, and other (including interactive…

Hewitt, Clifford A., Comp.; McKinstry, Herbert A., Comp.

218

HUMAN USE INDEX  

EPA Science Inventory

Human land uses may have major impacts on ecosystems, affecting biodiversity, habitat, air and water quality. The human use index (also known as U-index) is the percentage of human land use in an area, including agriculture, urban and suburban development, and mining. Low values ...

219

HUMAN USE INDEX (FUTURE)  

EPA Science Inventory

Human land uses may have major impacts on ecosystems, affecting biodiversity, habitat, air and water quality. The human use index (also known as U-index) is the percentage of human land use in an area, including agriculture, urban and suburban development, and mining. Low values ...

220

AUDIO INDEXING Gal RICHARD  

E-print Network

AUDIO AUDIO INDEXING Gaël RICHARD Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications (ENST) Speech and Image Processing Department 37-39, rue Dareau, 75014 Paris, France #12;Audio Indexing Gaël RICHARD Ecole audio data available nowadays and the spread of its use as a data source in many applications

Richard, Gaël

221

Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lithuania Law on the Nuclear Power Plant (2007) People’s Republic of China Official Reply of the State Council to Questions on the Liabilities of Compensation for Damages Resulting from Nuclear Accidents (2007) Turkey Unofficial Translation of the Turkish Law No. 5710 Concerning the Construction and Operation of Nuclear Power Plants and the Sale of Energy Generated from Those Plants (2007)

2007-01-01

222

Predecessors of Scientific Indexing Structures in the Domain of Religion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scientific indexing structures thought to have been devel- oped in the computer era were invented about a millennium earlier, in the domain of religion. Hans Wellisch traced the ori- gins of alphabetical indexing to a fourth-century index to a com- pilation of sayings of the Greek Church fathers. The Masoretes standardized the text of the Hebrew Bible and in

Bella Hass Weinberg

2004-01-01

223

Medical Office Assistants' Handbook. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is intended both as a text for use in medical office assistant (MOA) training programs in colleges and as a handbook for people working in medical offices. Addressed in the individual sections of the manual are the following topics: responsibilities of the medical office assistant, office organization, appointments and the waiting…

British Columbia Dept. of Education, Victoria.

224

Medical Dictionary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For nurses and other health care professionals who seek to distinguish the habitus from the humerus, this online medical dictionary provided by MedicineNet will be a place to bookmark for repeat visits. The dictionary contains well-written explanations for over 16,000 medical terms, and users can go ahead and browse around, or enter keywords or phrases into the search engine that resides on the page. The site also features a âÂÂWord of the DayâÂÂ, and visitors can also look through recent news items that address different health issues and also look over the latest entries to the dictionary. The site is rounded out by a list of the âÂÂTop 10 MedtermsâÂÂ, which is also a good way to start exploring the materials here.

2007-03-31

225

PressureText: Pressure Input for Mobile Phone Text Entry  

E-print Network

PressureText: Pressure Input for Mobile Phone Text Entry Abstract Pressure sensitive buttons presses are currently necessary to record an action. We present PressureText, a text-entry technique for a pressure augmented mobile phone. In a study comparing PressureText to MultiTap, we found that despite

226

Classifying free-text triage chief complaints into syndromic categories with natural language processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Develop and evaluate a natural language processing application for classifying chief complaints into syndromic categories for syndromic surveillance. Introduction: Much of the input data for artificial intelligence applications in the medical field are free-text patient medical records, including dictated medical reports and triage chief complaints. To be useful for automated systems, the free-text must be translated into encoded form.

Wendy Webber Chapman; Lee M. Christensen; Michael M. Wagner; Peter J. Haug; Oleg Ivanov; John N. Dowling; Robert T. Olszewski

2005-01-01

227

Medical Thoracoscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

As opposed to ‘video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery’ which requires general anesthesia, double-lumen tracheal intubation and single lung ventilation, medical thoracoscopy (or ‘pleuroscopy’) is frequently performed in the respiratory endoscopy suite using local anesthesia. It can be done by well-trained physicians, either pulmonologists or thoracic surgeons, and its main indication is related to diagnosis and treatment of pleural effusions. Also, pneumothorax can

Francisco Rodríguez-Panadero

2008-01-01

228

Medical manslaughter.  

PubMed

On November 29, 2011 Dr Conrad Murray was sentenced to four years in prison after being convicted of the involuntary manslaughter of Michael Jackson. Expert witness statements indicated that Murray's actions were an "extreme departure from the standard of care", particularly with regard to (1) inappropriately treating insomnia with a surgical anaesthetic (propofol); (2) failing to acquire sufficiently informed consent; (3) administering propofol without the necessary monitoring equipment; (4) delaying contacting the emergency services; and (5) making ineffective resuscitation efforts. Further medical evidence argued that Murray's care of Jackson contained "17 egregious violations", defined as acts that posed a foreseeable danger to the patient's life. These deficiencies, it was stated, constituted gross negligence. Such events might seem remote from daily medical practice in Ireland. However, medical errors resulting in patient death are reported to be unfortunately frequent, even if such fatalities are rarely as dramatic, or as public, as that of Michael Jackson. Medical care is not necessarily straightforward, and any treatment outcome is dependent on clinician skill, the nature of the intervention, and on the pathological condition of the patient. Regardless of these latter two factors, a poor outcome still may occur through physician omissions or the commission of errors or violations. Merry and McCall Smith distinguish between errors and violations on the following basis: (1) errors are not deliberate, and result in unintentional actions and consequences; (2) violations, on the other hand, entail a deliberate deviation from accepted rules or norms. It was alleged that much of Dr Murray's professional conduct in this case fell into the latter category. PMID:23472376

Lyons, B

2013-01-01

229

Medical Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In re-listening to the lectures of Charles Townes shortly after the invention of the laser (e.g., in the Boston Science Museum), one can already have a realistic vision of the potentialities of this new tool in the field of medical therapy, as evidenced by the use of the laser in ophthalmology to cure retinal detachment in the 1960's. Since then, applications have flourished in the domain of therapy. We will thus illustrate here only some of the main fields of application of medical lasers. On the opposite, the use of lasers in medical imaging is, with one exception in ophthalmology, still at the development level. It is becoming a diagnostic tool in addition to high performance imaging facilities that are often very expensive (such as CT scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and nuclear imaging). Even if progress is sometimes slow, one can now image with light inside the human body, in spite of the strong scattering of light by tissues, in the same way as a pathologist sees surgical specimens.

Boccara, A. Claude; Mordon, Serge

2015-10-01

230

Retrieval and indexing methodology for multimedia content descriptions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Description Methodologies for multimedia content are gaining in interest. MPEG-7, which has been authorized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is specifically targeted for such content. We developed an effective index structure for multimedia content descriptions such as MPEG-7. We developed a useful indexing method, called the position locator index that searches for the location of the description part in the description. Still image and full text search engines and most suitable feature indexes can be used without modification. Since these indexes are optimized for each requirement, they provide high retrieval performance. We developed an experimental retrieval system that combined these feature indexes and the position locator index. We evaluated the performance of the retrieval by using a linear-tracing search and the position index for the content descriptions. The result was satisfactory and retrieval speed was 200 times faster than linear tracing the descriptions, and the index size could be kept at a minimum.

Kunieda, Takayuki; Wakita, Yuki

2000-10-01

231

Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine XXX (2013) XXXXXX 1 Effective Management of Medical Information through  

E-print Network

electronic health record (EHR)/DICOM metadata, image hash, indexing keyword, doctor identification code be applied to the medical images to serve in many medical applications concerned with privacy protection, Privacy, Watermarking 1 Corresponding author

Kundu, Malay Kumar

232

LPB CP eTextBook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A pdf file that can be read using the free Abode Acrobat Reader or, for more functionality, with Acrobat Pro ($). The eBook's figures, equations, sections, chapters, index, table of contents, code listings, glossary, animations and executable codes (both Applets and Python programs) are linked, much like in a Web document. There are also links to video-based lectures covering most topics in the text, as well as to the slides used in the lectures. Section 1.2 of the text discusses how to use the various electronic features. Some movies are encapsulated into the text and some equations are linked to their xml forms (which can be imported into Maple or Mathematica for manipulation).

Landau, Rubin

233

The game chromatic index and game coloring index of graphs  

E-print Network

The game chromatic index and game coloring index of graphs Leizhen Cai Department of Computer@math.nsysu.edu.tw May, 1998. y Abstract This paper discusses the game chromatic index and game coloring index of graphs. We prove that if a graph G is k-degenerate, then its game coloring index is at most #1;+ 3k 1

Zhu, Xuding

234

Smoking cessation medications  

MedlinePLUS

Smoking cessation - medications; Smokeless tobacco - medications; Medications for stopping tobacco ... Creating a plan to help you deal with smoking urges. Getting support from a doctor, counselor, or ...

235

A new supersymmetric index  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that Tr(-1) FFe ?H is an index for N = 2 supersymmetric theories in two dimensions, in the sense that it is independent of almost all deformations of the theory. This index is related to the geometry of the vacua (Berry's curvature) and satisfies an exact differential equation as a function of ?. For integrable theories we can also compute the index thermodynamically, using the exact S-matrix. The equivalence of these two results implies a highly non-trivial equivalence of a set of coupled integral equations with these differential equations, among them Painlevé III and the affine Toda equations.

Cecotti, Sergio; Fendley, Paul; Intriligator, Ken; Vafa, Cumrun

1992-11-01

236

CAD Centre - Index Searcher  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A searchable index of the CAD Centre, a postgraduate teaching and research unit in design manufacture and engineering management, with research focused on design methods and computer support of the design process for engineering applications.

2007-10-11

237

Gradient index metamaterials.  

PubMed

Metamaterials--artificially structured materials with tailored electromagnetic response--can be designed to have properties difficult or impossible to achieve with traditional materials fabrication methods. Here we present a structured metamaterial, based on conducting split ring resonators (SRRs), which has an effective index of refraction with a constant spatial gradient. We experimentally confirm the gradient by measuring the deflection of a microwave beam by a planar slab of the composite metamaterial over a range of microwave frequencies. The gradient index metamaterial may prove an advantageous alternative approach to the development of gradient index lenses and similar optics, especially at higher frequencies. In particular, the gradient index metamaterial we propose may be suited for terahertz applications, where the magnetic resonant response of SRRs has recently been demonstrated. PMID:15903607

Smith, D R; Mock, J J; Starr, A F; Schurig, D

2005-03-01

238

The Index of Refraction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this media-rich lesson plan, students explore the refraction of light at the boundary between materials: they learn about the refractive indices of various materials and measure the index of refraction of plastic or gelatin.

2011-05-02

239

Automatic Indexing of Handwritten Medical Forms for Search Engines  

E-print Network

Circulatory/Cardiac System Abdomen Digestive System Back/Thoracic/Lumbar Endocrine System Chest Excretory be tagged with multiple concepts, but none had more then five tags. 11 Body Systems 6 Body Range Locations System Head Immune System Neck/Cervical Integumentary System Pelvic/Sacrum/Coccyx Musculoskeletal System

Boyer, Edmond

240

Guiding Students through Expository Text with Text Feature Walks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Text Feature Walk is a structure created and employed by the authors that guides students in the reading of text features in order to access prior knowledge, make connections, and set a purpose for reading expository text. Results from a pilot study are described in order to illustrate the benefits of using the Text Feature Walk over…

Kelley, Michelle J.; Clausen-Grace, Nicki

2010-01-01

241

Corpus-based error detection in a multilingual medical thesaurus.  

PubMed

Cross-language document retrieval systems require support by some kind of multilingual thesaurus for semantically indexing documents in different languages. The peculiarities of the medical sublanguage, together with the subjectivism of lexicographers' choices, complicates the thesaurus construction process. It furthermore requires a high degree of communication and interaction between the lexicographers involved. In order to detect errors, a systematic procedure is therefore necessary. We here describe a method which supports the maintenance of the multilingual medical subword repository of the MorphoSaurus system which assigns language-independent semantic identifiers to medical texts. Based on the assumption that the distribution of these semantic identifiers should be similar whenever comparing closely related texts in different languages, our approach identifies those semantic identifiers that vary most in distribution comparing language pairs. The revision of these identifiers and the lexical items related to them revealed multiple errors which were subsequently classified and fixed by the lexicographers. The overall quality improvement of the thesaurus was finally measured using the OHSUMED IR benchmark, resulting in a significant improvement of the retrieval quality for one of the languages tested. PMID:17911773

Andrade, Roosewelt L; Pacheco, Edson; Cancian, Pindaro S; Nohama, Percy; Schulz, Stefan

2007-01-01

242

Formulation of resource depletion index  

Microsoft Academic Search

A resource depletion index can serve as a quantitative tool to evaluate the level of depletion for natural resources. This study introduces two types of resource depletion indices, the global resource depletion index and the local resource depletion index. Global resource depletion index mainly concerns global reserves and the annual consumption rate of these resources. The local resource depletion index

C.-H. Lee

1998-01-01

243

Calculating a Biodiversity Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Biodiversity Counts activity, students learn how scientists calculate a biodiversity index using a page from the phone book as their data source. The printable five-page PDF handout includes a series of inquiry-based questions to get students thinking about what they already know about biodiversity and how living and non-living things are connected, step-by-step directions for calculating a biodiversity index, and a worksheet that includes brainstorming questions and areas for recording answers.

244

JSC document index  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Johnson Space Center (JSC) document index is intended to provide a single source listing of all published JSC-numbered documents their authors, and the designated offices of prime responsibility (OPR's) by mail code at the time of publication. The index contains documents which have been received and processed by the JSC Technical Library as of January 13, 1988. Other JSC-numbered documents which are controlled but not available through the JSC Library are also listed.

1988-01-01

245

Reducing Information Variation in Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss the nature and the scope of linguistic (morphological,syntactic and semantic) variation of terms and its impact on twoinformation retrieval tasks: term acquisition and automatic indexing. Areview of natural language processing techniques existing in these twoareas is done, along with an in-depth presentation of FASTR, a corpusprocessor for the recognition, normalization, and acquisition of multi-word terms.

Agata Savary; Christian Jacquemin

2000-01-01

246

[Index Copernicus: The Central and Eastern European Journals Ranking System. Why indexing needed in the region?] .  

PubMed

Index Copernicus is ranking system set up by members of the medical community in the Region. There were created five groups of parameters like scientific, editorial and technical quality, circulation and frequency-market stability, which allow for the generation of such a ranking system. The Authors of the Ranking System are aware of the deficiencies of parametrical analysis of science, however they believe the numbers at least set up clear, objective and just rules for all. Index Copernicus could be said the primary objectives of the system for which it has been created for. PMID:11037614

Graczynski, M R

2000-09-10

247

Medical clip  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An X-ray transparent and biological inert medical clip for treating aneurisms and the like is described. A graphite reinforced composite film is molded into a unitary structure having a pair of hourglass-like cavities hinged together with a pair of jaws for grasping the aneurism extending from the wall of one cavity. A silicone rubber pellet is disposed in the other cavity to exert a spring force through the hinge area to normally bias the jaws into contact with each other.

Baucom, R. M. (inventor)

1983-01-01

248

Medical Mystery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity (on pages 15-23) combines interactive role-playing and graphing to introduce learners to the health affects of pollen. In the first part, learners role-play a detective on a medical case and the main character in the case. Learners formulate a hypothesis about a patient's illness. In the second part, learners graph evidence based on pollen counts and create a "final report" about what caused the patient's health problem. This activity smoothly combines health education, environmental science, and math.

Museum, University O.; Nebraska Cooperative Extension 4-H Youth Development

2001-01-01

249

Medical Mysteries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Rice University presents Medical Mysteries (or MedMyst for short) "an Internet-based adventure...in which you are on a mission to discover the causes of diseases." Designed for middle and high school students, MedMyst offers an engaging, multimedia approach to learning about infectious diseases and the immune system, as well as pharmacology, chemistry, public health policy, and more. MedMyst also includes three downloadable mini-labs that expand on concepts covered in the multimedia adventure. The Web site also includes loads of useful links.

2008-05-21

250

Index of Refraction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Refraction is an important behavior of light that can be used to explain the operation of lenses, prisms, and optical fiber, as well as natural phenomena such as rainbows and mirages. The index of refraction, or refractive index, is defined as the ratio of the speed of light in a vacuum to the speed of light in a material. The index of refraction is an important property of optical materials and one that can be easily measured in the laboratory.This lesson begins with a video that introduces the concept of refraction. Students learn firsthand how when a wave of light travels from one medium to another, the change in the wave's speed leads to a change in its wavelength and the bending of the wave. Next, students investigate index of refraction through an interactive media asset, research, and a class discussion. Following a video about the index of refraction and Snell's law, students work in groups to conduct their own laboratory experiment to measure the index of refraction of gelatin (or plastic).Note: This is the first of two optics lesson plans. You may want to follow this lesson with the Fiber Optics Lesson Plan.

2012-05-24

251

Text analysis methods, text analysis apparatuses, and articles of manufacture  

DOEpatents

Text analysis methods, text analysis apparatuses, and articles of manufacture are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a text analysis method includes accessing information indicative of data content of a collection of text comprising a plurality of different topics, using a computing device, analyzing the information indicative of the data content, and using results of the analysis, identifying a presence of a new topic in the collection of text.

Whitney, Paul D; Willse, Alan R; Lopresti, Charles A; White, Amanda M

2014-10-28

252

Tagging Medical Documents with High Accuracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We ran both Brill’s rule-based tagger and TnT, a statistical tagger, with a default German newspaper-language model on a medical text corpus. Supplied with limited lexicon\\u000a resources, TnT outperforms the Brill tagger with state-of-the-art performance figures (close to 97% accuracy). We then trained TnT on a large annotated medical text corpus, with a slightly extended tagset that captures certain medical

Udo Hahn; Joachim Wermter

2004-01-01

253

Thinking About Medical School?  

E-print Network

Thinking About Medical School? Explore the DO Difference! Osteopathic Medical Education Training's Osteopathic Medical Schools · Meet with Medical School Admission Officers · Learn about osteopathic medicine and medical schools · Discover the best ways to prepare for medical school When Where Pre-Health Advisor

de Lijser, Peter

254

Dirichlet Mixtures in Text Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Word rates in text vary according to global factors such as genre, topic, author, and expected readership (Church and Gale 1995). Models that summarize such global factors in text or at the document level, are called 'text models.' A finite mixture of Dirichlet distribution (Dirichlet Mixture or DM for short) was investigated as a new text model. When parameters of

Mikio Yamamoto; Kugatsu Sadamitsu

255

Multimedia medical data archive and retrieval server on the Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Multimedia Medical Data Archive and Retrieval Server has been installed at the imaging science and information systems (ISIS) center in Georgetown University Medical Center to provide medical data archive and retrieval support for medical researchers. The medical data includes text, images, sound, and video. All medical data is keyword indexed using a database management system and placed temporarily in a staging area and then transferred to a StorageTek one terabyte tape library system with a robotic arm for permanent archive. There are two methods of interaction with the system. The first method is to use a web browser with HTML functions to perform insert, query, update, and retrieve operations. These generate dynamic SQL calls to the database and produce StorageTek API calls to the tape library. The HTML functions consist of a database, StorageTek interface, HTTP server, common gateway interface, and Java programs. The second method is to issue a DICOM store command, which is translated by the system's DICOM server to SQL calls and then produce StorageTek API calls to the tape library. The system performs as both an Internet and a DICOM server using standard protocols such as HTTP, HTML, Java, and DICOM. Users with proper authentication can log on to the server from anywhere on the Internet using a standard web browser resulting in a user-friendly, open environment, and platform independent solution for archiving multimedia medical data. It represents a complex integration of different components including a robotic tape storage system, database, user-interface, WWW protocols, and TCP/IP networking. The user will only deal with the WWW and DICOM server components of the system, the database and robotic tape library system are transparent and the user will not know that the medical data is stored on magnetic tapes. The server provides the researchers a cost-effective tool for archiving and retrieving medical data across a TCP/IP network environment. It will serve as a medium to exchange information between researchers at Georgetown University and those from other institutions.

Komo, Darmadi; Levine, Betty A.; Freedman, Matthew T.; Mun, Seong K.; Tang, Y. K.; Chiang, Ted T.

1997-05-01

256

Medical Marketing Semi MedicalMarketingSemi  

E-print Network

U.S. ARMY Medical Marketing Semi WELCOME U.S.ARMY MedicalMarketingSemi Virginia Tech DATE: 23 October 2014 TIME: 8:00 am - 8:00 pm LOCATION: On Campus The Medical Marketing Semi is an operationally flexible, mobile medical exhibit. The MMS has various peripheral multi-media systems and displays

Buehrer, R. Michael

257

Text analysis devices, articles of manufacture, and text analysis methods  

DOEpatents

Text analysis devices, articles of manufacture, and text analysis methods are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a text analysis device includes processing circuitry configured to analyze initial text to generate a measurement basis usable in analysis of subsequent text, wherein the measurement basis comprises a plurality of measurement features from the initial text, a plurality of dimension anchors from the initial text and a plurality of associations of the measurement features with the dimension anchors, and wherein the processing circuitry is configured to access a viewpoint indicative of a perspective of interest of a user with respect to the analysis of the subsequent text, and wherein the processing circuitry is configured to use the viewpoint to generate the measurement basis.

Turner, Alan E; Hetzler, Elizabeth G; Nakamura, Grant C

2013-05-28

258

Systematic Characterizations of Text Similarity in Full Text Biomedical Publications  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundComputational methods have been used to find duplicate biomedical publications in MEDLINE. Full text articles are becoming increasingly available, yet the similarities among them have not been systematically studied. Here, we quantitatively investigated the full text similarity of biomedical publications in PubMed Central.Methodology\\/Principal Findings72,011 full text articles from PubMed Central (PMC) were parsed to generate three different datasets: full texts,

Zhaohui Sun; Mounir Errami; Tara Long; Chris Renard; Nishant Choradia; Harold Garner; Walter H. Curioso

2010-01-01

259

The Quilt Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the goal of creating a single, comprehensive index to American quilts, the Quilt Index builds on the work of 4 state quilt documentation and digitization projects: the Michigan Quilt Project, Kentucky Quilt Project, Illinois Quilt Research Project, and Quilts of Tennessee (more information about these projects is at the site). Currently almost 900 quilt images and pieces of information are searchable in the Quilt Index. The project has established standards for data elements to be collected, and forms to facilitate the addition of quilt documentation from other states. Quilts dating from 1800 to 1999 can be searched by pattern name, quilter's name, location made, date, and collection or documentation project. Searches by pattern name (baby blocks, ocean waves, wedding ring) are possible, but the interface is quite picky about singular and plural. Several ways to browse are also available, such as by collection, period, and style/technique, or choose "view the entire index" to display 887 quilts and records. The Quilt Index is hosted by MATRIX, the humanities technology center at Michigan State University that also hosts H-Net, Humanities and Social Sciences OnLine.

260

Supported eText: Assistive Technology through Text Transformations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gain meaningful access to the curriculum, students with reading difficulties must overcome substantial barriers imposed by the printed materials they are asked to read. Technology can assist students to overcome these challenges by enabling a shift from printed text to electronic text. By electronic text it means textual material read using a…

Anderson-Inman, Lynne; Horney, Mark A.

2007-01-01

261

Compare and Contrast Electronic Text with Traditionally Printed Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The electronic text program described in this lesson plan guides students to compare and contrast the characteristics of electronic text with the characteristics of traditionally printed text, gaining a deeper understanding of how to navigate and comprehend information found on the Internet. During a 30 minute and a 45 minutes lesson, students…

Karchmer, Rachel

262

CHI_PET: Computerized hierarchical indexing of petrological information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CHI_PET is a utility, written in DbaseIV programming language, which indexes petrological and geological information in a database. The process is completely automatic and computer driven, making a comprehensive search of free-text fields for geological information, testing for 10,500 petrological and geological terms contained in current geological dictionaries. The utility uses a hierarchical index structure which has 369 components representing major headings and subheadings within the index structure given in Tomkeieff's "Dictionary of Petrology". The hierarchical structure is significant because it allows for synonymous scientific terms and provides for the recognition of subset relations. The free-text fields are treated with a record-optimized search/match procedure, with successful index strikes accumulated up the hierarchical structure. Dead words such as 'and, the' and nonsignificant characters such as ' + - /' are ignored. The process generates an index vector which shows the geological composition of each record. A database for a Rock Collection of 50,000 rocks was indexed at a rate of 2500 records per hour. An equivalent geological index would have required years of work to prepare manually. The CHI_PET process is convenient to use, and the resultant index vector also is easy to address, update, and use for retrieval. Output uses of the index vectors include: ad hoc reports for rocks that pass a selection sieve of specified index categories; an index for a suite of rocks; pseudocluster diagrams showing the index composition for a suite of rocks. A layout of the enhanced index structure is given, along with listings of the Dbase programs, and samples of output products. With minor modification to the CHI_PET utility, any hierarchical structure of index terms can be used to index free text fields in databases.

Barron, L. M.

1993-08-01

263

Internet Corruption Perception Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet Corruption Perception Index is provided by Transparency International and Goettingen University, Germany. The goal of the site to "rank countries by the extent of corruption in public administration." The ranking can then be used to help assess country risks. The Internet Corruption Perception Index is published annually and is based on "surveys undertaken by Gallup International, the World Competitiveness Yearbook, assessments by Political & Economic Risk Consultancy in Hong Kong, DRI/McGraw Hill Global Risk Service, Political Risk Services in Syracuse, USA, and data gathered from internet sources directly." The index for 1997 covers 52 countries, including both developed and developing countries. Recently added to the site is the report on the bribery propensity of leading exporting nations; this section investigates the "propensity to pay bribes for the acquisition of contracts in international trade." At the site, visitors can provide their own input on a country's bribery propensity.

1997-01-01

264

Targeting Oral and Cultural Proficiency for Medical Personnel: An Examination of Current Medical Spanish Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demand for medical Spanish courses has grown with the rising needs of Spanish-speaking patients in the United States, but while there is no shortage of beginning medical Spanish textbooks, very few target the intermediate level. This article examines eighteen medical Spanish texts published in the last twenty years with respect to seven factors:…

Hardin, Karol

2012-01-01

265

Index of endemicity  

PubMed Central

The author discusses the difficulties involved in defining the term “endemicity”, and suggests a new approach to the problem—namely, the establishment of indices of endemicity, based on such data as are usually collected by national health administrations (mortality and morbidity rates, spleen-rates, case incidence in seaports, etc.). Examples are given of the calculation of the endemicity index for a number of diseases from different types of data obtained from various countries. An important advantage of the endemicity index is that it provides an easy means of studying the geographical pattern of endemic foci of disease. PMID:13479767

Swaroop, Satya

1957-01-01

266

TIGR Drosophila Gene Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

TIGR, The Institute for Genomic Research, has announced the release of the Drosophila Gene Index (DGI). The Drosophila Gene Index, which may be searched by Nucleotide or Protein Sequence, Identifier (TC, ET, EST, GB) Tissue, cDNA Library Name or cDNA Library Identifier(cat#), or Gene Product Name, contains some 50,500 total sequences (ET, EST, TC, and singletons). Data may be requested free of charge by "researchers at non-profit institutions using it for non-commercial purposes;" instructions are provided on-site.

1999-01-01

267

Schmidt Sting Pain Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Wikipedia page has the cleanest version of the Schmidt Sting Pain Index I've seen online. Justin O. Schmidt created this index after years of work with Hymenoptera, and relates his vast experience with their venom to a scale that can be understood by all. The page has only a few references, but one of those will take you to Christ Starr's four stage sting pain scale. At the top of the scale are bullet ants, and pepsis wasps, at the bottom are sweat bees and fire ants.

0002-11-30

268

GeoIndex  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The GeoIndex Search Engine, which is continually updated, contains some new features making a regular reviewing of the site worthwhile. GeoIndex is "a powerful Search Engine developed, owned and maintained by Datasurge Company to specifically fill a need for the Geo-Environmental professional" by covering geotechnical, environmental, hydrogeology, geology, mining, and petroleum topics. The highlights of the site include the clear and descriptive search results, and the well-designed and browsable "nested" categories including companies, associations, education, and government Web sites. [JAB

269

Student Derived KP Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an activity about the Kp index, a quantification of fluctuations in the Earth's magnetic field due to the relative strength of a magnetic storm. Learners will take a reading from a magnetometer site and make a Kp index estimate to predict whether or not an aurora display will occur near that site. This resource is designed to support student analysis of THEMIS (Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms) Magnetometer line-plot data. This activity requires the use of a computer with Internet access. This is activity 18 in Exploring Magnetism: Earthâs Magnetic Personality.

270

Text structure-aware classification  

E-print Network

Bag-of-words representations are used in many NLP applications, such as text classification and sentiment analysis. These representations ignore relations across different sentences in a text and disregard the underlying ...

Dzunic, Zoran, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01

271

Prioritized text spotting using SLAM  

E-print Network

We show how to exploit temporal and spatial coherence of image observations to achieve efficient and effective text detection and decoding for a sensor suite moving through an environment rich in text at a variety of scales ...

Landa, Yafim

2013-01-01

272

Too Dumb for Complex Texts?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school students' lack of experience and practice with reading complex texts is a primary cause of their difficulties with college-level reading. Filling the syllabus with digital texts does little to address this deficiency. Complex texts demand three dispositions from readers: a willingness to probe works characterized by dense meanings, the…

Bauerlein, Mark

2011-01-01

273

SUMMAC: a text summarization evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TIPSTER Text Summarization Evaluation (SUMMAC) has developed several new extrinsic and intrinsic methods for evaluating summaries. It has established definitively that automatic text summarization is very effective in relevance assessment tasks on news articles. Summaries as short as 17% of full text length sped up decision-making by almost a factor of 2 with no statistically significant degradation in accuracy.

INDERJEET MANI; GARY KLEIN; DAVID HOUSE; THERESE FIRMIN; BETH SUNDHEIM

2002-01-01

274

Buddhism in the Everyday Medical Practice of the Ladakhi Amchi  

E-print Network

-religious nature. However, medical ethics and elements of medical epistemology are based on Buddhism, and allBuddhism in the Everyday Medical Practice of the Ladakhi Amchi Laurent Pordié1 Abstract Almost the entire content of the medical texts, as well as the therapeutic practices carried out daily

275

ParaText : scalable text analysis and visualization.  

SciTech Connect

Automated analysis of unstructured text documents (e.g., web pages, newswire articles, research publications, business reports) is a key capability for solving important problems in areas including decision making, risk assessment, social network analysis, intelligence analysis, scholarly research and others. However, as data sizes continue to grow in these areas, scalable processing, modeling, and semantic analysis of text collections becomes essential. In this paper, we present the ParaText text analysis engine, a distributed memory software framework for processing, modeling, and analyzing collections of unstructured text documents. Results on several document collections using hundreds of processors are presented to illustrate the exibility, extensibility, and scalability of the the entire process of text modeling from raw data ingestion to application analysis.

Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Stanton, Eric T.; Shead, Timothy M.

2010-07-01

276

Multilingual Text Analysis for Text-to-Speech Synthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a model of text analysis for text-to-speech (TTS) syn- thesis based on weighted finite-state transducers, which serves as the text-analysis module of the multilingual Bell Labs TTS system. The transducers are constructed using a lexical toolkit that allows declarative descriptions of lexicons, morphological rules, numeral- expansion rules, and phonological rules, inter alia. To date, the model has been

Richard Sproat

1996-01-01

277

September 2008 TIMBER & FORESTRY INDEX  

E-print Network

are the S&P Emerging Markets Infrastructure Index, the S&P Global Alternative Energy Index, the S&P Global&P Global Alternative Energy Index. Designed to measure investable opportunities in the complete alternative energy space, the S&P Global Alternative Energy Index is the combination of the S&P Global Clean Energy

278

Fiber optic refractive index monitor  

DOEpatents

A sensor for measuring the change in refractive index of a liquid uses the lowest critical angle of a normal fiber optic to achieve sensitivity when the index of the liquid is significantly less than the index of the fiber core. Another embodiment uses a liquid filled core to ensure that its index is approximately the same as the liquid being measured.

Weiss, Jonathan David (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01

279

Indexing Theory and Retrieval Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes recent attempts to make explicit connections between the indexing process and the use of the index or information retrieval system, particularly the utility-theoretic and automatic indexing models of William Cooper and Stephen Harter. Theory and performance, information storage and retrieval, search stage feedback, and indexing are also…

Robertson, Stephen E.

1978-01-01

280

Indexing Moving Points  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose three indexing schemes for storing a set S of N points in the plane, each moving along a linear trajectory, so that any query of the following form can be answered quickly: Given a rectangle R and a real value t; report all K points of S that lie inside R at time t: We first present an

Pankaj K. Agarwal; Lars Arge; Jeff Erickson

2000-01-01

281

GeoIndex  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

GeoIndex, povided by the Datasurge Company, is a search engine specially geared towards geo-environmental professionals. Specific database topics include geotechnical, environmental, hydrogeology, geology, mining, and petroleum. The website is searched via phrases entered by the user. Searches can be narrowed by entering multiple phrases and limiting the search to one of the four key areas: Companies, Associations, Education, and Government.

1998-01-01

282

Space Photography 1977 Index  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An index is provided to representative photographs and transparencies available from NASA. Subjects include spacecraft, astronauts, lunar surface, planets and outer space phenomena, earth observations, and aviation. High altitude aircraft infrared photographs are included along with artists' conceptions of space shuttle and space colonies.

1976-01-01

283

Air Quality Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive activity adapted from Air Quality Index: A Guide to Air Quality and Your Health by the U.S. EPA, learn about common pollutants in the air we breathe, their health effects, and how their levels are reported.

WGBH Educational Foundation

2011-03-21

284

A Social Capital Index  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We define an index of social capital using game-theoretical concepts. We assume that interests of individuals are presented by means of a cooperative game which take into account possible different players abilities whereas the network of relations is modeled by a graph. The social capital of each actor is then measured as the difference between his Myerson value and his Shapley value.

Gonzàlez-Aranguena, Enrique; Khmelnitskaya, Anna; Manuel, Conrado; del Pozo, Mónica

2011-09-01

285

Glycemic Index and Diabetes  

MedlinePLUS

... Diabetes Forecast® magazine: wcie-carbs, In this section Food What Can I Eat Understanding Carbohydrates Types of Carbohydrates Carbohydrate Counting Make Your Carbs Count Glycemic Index and Diabetes Sugar and Desserts Sugar Alcohols Low-Calorie Sweeteners donate en -- Acknowledge ...

286

Air Quality Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Air Quality Index (AQI) site contains tutorials about the difference between clean and dirty air, what the AQI is and the colors and numbers used to describe it, the effect of air pollution on health, and what people can do about pollution. There are also online games, which test understanding of the tutorials and a section containing teacher materials.

287

Glycemic Index Values Database  

Cancer.gov

NCI has developed a listing of Glycemic Index (GI) values for individual foods. Food codes from the USDA Continuing Survey of Food Intakes of Individuals (CSFII) are used as a reference. This file provides GI values for those foods consumed by adults and queried on the DHQ or other FFQs used at NCI.

288

Internet Intelligence Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by competitive intelligence firm Fuld & Company, the Internet Intelligence Index is a compilation of sites useful in gathering competitor and marketplace information on the Internet. All links are annotated and organized by subjects ranging from legal resources to patents and industry-specific information. Additional information on the field of competitive intelligence in general is available on site.

1998-01-01

289

Indexes of Biographies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website allows the learner to choose an important person who contributed to science, alphabeticallly or chronologically. This index contains many people who not only contributed to astronomy but to the other sciences as well as mathematics. For each person there is an account of his or her life, educational background, and famous works.

Usa

2004-07-16

290

ParaText : scalable text modeling and analysis.  

SciTech Connect

Automated processing, modeling, and analysis of unstructured text (news documents, web content, journal articles, etc.) is a key task in many data analysis and decision making applications. As data sizes grow, scalability is essential for deep analysis. In many cases, documents are modeled as term or feature vectors and latent semantic analysis (LSA) is used to model latent, or hidden, relationships between documents and terms appearing in those documents. LSA supplies conceptual organization and analysis of document collections by modeling high-dimension feature vectors in many fewer dimensions. While past work on the scalability of LSA modeling has focused on the SVD, the goal of our work is to investigate the use of distributed memory architectures for the entire text analysis process, from data ingestion to semantic modeling and analysis. ParaText is a set of software components for distributed processing, modeling, and analysis of unstructured text. The ParaText source code is available under a BSD license, as an integral part of the Titan toolkit. ParaText components are chained-together into data-parallel pipelines that are replicated across processes on distributed-memory architectures. Individual components can be replaced or rewired to explore different computational strategies and implement new functionality. ParaText functionality can be embedded in applications on any platform using the native C++ API, Python, or Java. The ParaText MPI Process provides a 'generic' text analysis pipeline in a command-line executable that can be used for many serial and parallel analysis tasks. ParaText can also be deployed as a web service accessible via a RESTful (HTTP) API. In the web service configuration, any client can access the functionality provided by ParaText using commodity protocols ... from standard web browsers to custom clients written in any language.

Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Stanton, Eric T.; Shead, Timothy M.

2010-06-01

291

Medical muddle.  

PubMed

Nanette Gartrell, MD, is a psychiatrist and researcher whose investigations have documented the mental health and psychological well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people over the past four decades. Nanette is the principal investigator of an ongoing longitudinal study of lesbian families in which the children were conceived by donor insemination. Now in its 27th year, this project has been cited internationally in the debates over equality in marriage, foster care, and adoption. Previously on the faculty at Harvard Medical School and the University of California, San Francisco, Nanette is currently a Visiting Distinguished Scholar at the Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. In 2013, Nanette received the Association of Women Psychiatrists Presidential Commendation Award for "selfless and enduring vision, leadership, wisdom, and mentorship in the fields of women's mental health, ethics, and gender research." At the age of 63, Nanette experienced a 3 ½ month period of intractable, incapacitating dizziness for which there was never a clear diagnosis. PMID:24400630

Gartrell, Nanette

2014-01-01

292

A client\\/server system for internet access to biomedical text\\/image databanks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet access to mixed text\\/image databanks is finding application in the medical world. An example is a database of medical X-rays and associated data consisting of demographic, socioeconomic, physician's exam, medical laboratory and other information collected as part of a nationwide health survey conducted by the government. Another example is a collection of digitized cryosection images, CT and MR taken

George R. Thoma; L. Rodney Long; Lewis E. Berman

1996-01-01

293

Texting while driving: is speech-based text entry less risky than handheld text entry?  

PubMed

Research indicates that using a cell phone to talk or text while maneuvering a vehicle impairs driving performance. However, few published studies directly compare the distracting effects of texting using a hands-free (i.e., speech-based interface) versus handheld cell phone, which is an important issue for legislation, automotive interface design and driving safety training. This study compared the effect of speech-based versus handheld text entries on simulated driving performance by asking participants to perform a car following task while controlling the duration of a secondary text-entry task. Results showed that both speech-based and handheld text entries impaired driving performance relative to the drive-only condition by causing more variation in speed and lane position. Handheld text entry also increased the brake response time and increased variation in headway distance. Text entry using a speech-based cell phone was less detrimental to driving performance than handheld text entry. Nevertheless, the speech-based text entry task still significantly impaired driving compared to the drive-only condition. These results suggest that speech-based text entry disrupts driving, but reduces the level of performance interference compared to text entry with a handheld device. In addition, the difference in the distraction effect caused by speech-based and handheld text entry is not simply due to the difference in task duration. PMID:25089769

He, J; Chaparro, A; Nguyen, B; Burge, R J; Crandall, J; Chaparro, B; Ni, R; Cao, S

2014-11-01

294

A comparative study of retrieval effectiveness from a scientific document database with computer-generated indexing and manually generated keyword-based indexing  

E-print Network

The primary objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a full text indexing and retrieval system for a scientific document database. The secondary objective was to assess the completeness of the manual indexes that are already...

Mishra, Jayanta Kumar

2012-06-07

295

Abstract--Medical image segmentation is one of the most productive research areas in medical image processing. The  

E-print Network

Abstract--Medical image segmentation is one of the most productive research areas in medical image processing. The goal of most new image segmentation algorithms is to achieve higher segmentation accuracy a prototype composite index that includes the measurement of seven metrics on segmented image sets. We explain

Jepson, Allan D.

296

[Medical image compression: a review].  

PubMed

Modern medicine is an increasingly complex activity , based on the evidence ; it consists of information from multiple sources : medical record text , sound recordings , images and videos generated by a large number of devices . Medical imaging is one of the most important sources of information since they offer comprehensive support of medical procedures for diagnosis and follow-up . However , the amount of information generated by image capturing gadgets quickly exceeds storage availability in radiology services , generating additional costs in devices with greater storage capacity . Besides , the current trend of developing applications in cloud computing has limitations, even though virtual storage is available from anywhere, connections are made through internet . In these scenarios the optimal use of information necessarily requires powerful compression algorithms adapted to medical activity needs . In this paper we present a review of compression techniques used for image storage , and a critical analysis of them from the point of view of their use in clinical settings. PMID:23715317

Noreña, Tatiana; Romero, Eduardo

2013-01-01

297

Psychosocial Indexes and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in a Community Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Psychosocial characteristics might contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of cardiovascular disease as it is increasingly recognised that biomedical risk factors do not fully explain its dynamics. This study aimed to describe psychometric indexes in a Portuguese community sample relating them to known cardiovascular disease risk factors. Methods: Anthropometric, blood pressure, serum measurements and information on demographic, social, medical

Rui Coelho; Elisabete Ramos; Joana Prata; Henrique Barros

2000-01-01

298

A Prefix Trie Index for Inverted Files.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applies a prefix trie index, or trie hashing, to the problem of providing fast search times, fast load times, and fast update properties in a bibliographic or full-text retrieval system with inverted files. Statistics are given for a test database consisting of an online catalog at the University of Western Ontario. (Author/LRW)

Nelson, Michael J.

1997-01-01

299

Machine-aided indexing at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the NASA Lexical Dictionary (NLD), a machine-aided indexing system used online at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI). This system automatically suggests a set of candidate terms from NASA's controlled vocabulary for any designated natural language text input. The system is comprised of a text processor that is based on the computational, nonsyntactic analysis of input text and an extensive knowledge base that serves to recognize and translate text-extracted concepts. The functions of the various NLD system components are described in detail, and production and quality benefits resulting from the implementation of machine-aided indexing at CASI are discussed.

Silvester, June P.; Genuardi, Michael T.; Klingbiel, Paul H.

1994-01-01

300

NASA's online machine aided indexing system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the NASA Lexical Dictionary, a machine aided indexing system used online at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Center for Aerospace Information (CASI). This system is comprised of a text processor that is based on the computational, non-syntactic analysis of input text, and an extensive 'knowledge base' that serves to recognize and translate text-extracted concepts. The structure and function of the various NLD system components are described in detail. Methods used for the development of the knowledge base are discussed. Particular attention is given to a statistically-based text analysis program that provides the knowledge base developer with a list of concept-specific phrases extracted from large textual corpora. Production and quality benefits resulting from the integration of machine aided indexing at CASI are discussed along with a number of secondary applications of NLD-derived systems including on-line spell checking and machine aided lexicography.

Silvester, June P.; Genuardi, Michael T.; Klingbiel, Paul H.

1993-01-01

301

Maximizing text-mining performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of centralized data warehouses, where\\u000a data might be stored as electronic documents or as text\\u000a fields in databases, text mining has increased in\\u000a importance and economic value. One important goal in text\\u000a mining is automatic classification of electronic\\u000a documents. Computer programs scan text in a document and\\u000a apply a model that assigns the document to one or

Sholom M. Weiss; Chidanand Apte; Fred J. Damerau; David E. Johnson; Frank J. Oles; Thilo Goetz; Thomas Hampp

1999-01-01

302

TextArc: An Alternate Way to View a Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Textarc is an unconventional tool that gives readers the opportunity to discover patterns and concepts in texts. Still in a developmental stage, the site offers readers the opportunity to utilize human visual processing by allowing intuition to help extract meaning from a text. By exposing every word at once, the eye is able to make connections and decipher meaning otherwise overlooked by normal reading, thereby exposing the essence of a text. The site currently has Hamlet available as a full textarc text, and is in the process of exposing more literary works. Not only of value for avid readers and literary critics, the site offers librarians and archivists new approaches to cataloguing. On the whole, this new and innovative creation is at a minimum intriguing, and the site is definitely worth a visit.

2002-01-01

303

Federal Medication Terminologies  

Cancer.gov

The Federal Medication (FedMed) interagency collaboration is organizing an agreed set of standard, comprehensive, freely and easily accessible Federal Medication Terminologies (FMT) to improve the exchange and public availability of medication information.

304

Medical Device Reliability BIOMATERIALS  

E-print Network

-generation packaging, where conformal coatings will serve as the primary interface between the deviceMedical Device Reliability BIOMATERIALS Our goal is to provide medical device manufacturers, and consistency of active implantable medical devices. These devices, including pacemakers, cardiac defibrillators

305

Biomedical Ethics & Medical Humanities  

E-print Network

BEMH Biomedical Ethics & Medical Humanities Scholarly Concentration Stanford University School? The Biomedical Ethics and Medical Humanities Scholarly Concentration is part of the new initiative at Stanford interactions, neonatology, issues of limited resources, ethics of medical advances, informed consent issues

Ford, James

306

Glaucoma Medical Updates  

MedlinePLUS

... Change Get Involved Research Grants Special Events Glaucoma Medical Updates Latest Medical News Updates From the Outside Looking In: Sophisticated ... Informed Sign up to receive the most recent medical and research updates . Further Information The most recent ...

307

Lightweight Natural Language Text Compression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Variants of Hufiman codes where words are taken as the source symbols are currently the most attractive choices to compress natural language text databases. In particular, Tagged Hufiman Code by Moura et al. ofiers fast direct searching on the compressed text and random access capabilities, in exchange for producing around 11% larger compressed flles. This work describes End-Tagged Dense Code

Nieves R. Brisaboa; Antonio Fari; Gonzalo Navarro; Jose R. Parama

308

Lightweight natural language text compression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Variants of Huffman codes where words are taken as the source symbols are currently the most attractive choices to compress natural language text databases. In particular, Tagged Huffman Code by Moura et al. offers fast direct searching on the compressed text and random access capabilities, in exchange for producing around 11% larger compressed files. This work describes End-Tagged Dense Code

Nieves R. Brisaboa; Antonio Fariña; Gonzalo Navarro; Jose R. Parama

2007-01-01

309

Understanding and Teaching Complex Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers in today's classrooms struggle every day to design instructional interventions that would build students' reading skills and strategies in order to ensure their comprehension of complex texts. Text complexity can be determined in both qualitative and quantitative ways. In this article, the authors describe various innovative…

Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy

2014-01-01

310

Text Mining Using Linear Models  

E-print Network

) or something else. Wiki example Jim bought 300 shares of Acme Corp in 2006. Customized systems build Statistical Models for Text Markov chains Hidden Markov models have been successfully used in text mining, particularly speech tagging Hidden Markov model (HMM) Transition probabilities for observed words ! P(wt|wt-1

Stine, Robert A.

311

Teaching Medical Ethics to Medical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolution and goals of teaching medical ethics, the nature of medical ethics, and integrating such teaching into the curriculum are examined. Because moral considerations are as much a part of medical decisions as technical considerations, teaching is best done in the context of real cases. (Author/MLW)

Loewy, Erich H.

1986-01-01

312

Medieval Feminist Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The librarians and scholars who maintain the Medieval Feminist Index (MFI) compile citations for journal articles, book reviews, and essays relating to women, sexuality, and gender during the Middle Ages (450 CE to 1500 CE). Currently, MFI contains over 2500 citations from over 350 journals and essay collections, covering publications in English, French, German, and Spanish from 1994 through 1997. The entire MFI is searchable by title, author, subject, source, and date. In addition to these standard search fields, the descriptive indexing provides searchable fields for geographic region, century, and article type to facilitate detailed cross-field searches. Searching the MFI is quite simple, but users should note the following peculiarities: vague or allusive titles are appended with a summary sentence to enhance description; subject headings are controlled by a customized thesaurus, which can be viewed but not browsed; and some full citation records supply abstracts, but abstracts are not searchable by keyword.

313

Film Literature Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This very ambitious project from Indiana University was funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, and it continues to be updated on a regular basis. The Film Literature Index (FLI) annually indexes 150 film and television periodicals from 30 countries in their entirety, along with 200 other periodicals selectively for articles on film and television. The FLI database can be searched by subject headings, names, production titles, or by corporate names. Visitors can browse around, or perform advanced searches as their needs require. More information about the project can be found in the "About FLI" section, which can be accessed at the top of the homepage. Here visitors can learn about the history of the FLI, and also read about various papers and presentations that document the creation of the FLI Online site.

314

New Economy Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New Economy Index is a series of indicators that are "gathered from existing public and private data, to illustrate fundamental structural changes in the US economy, to show what those changes mean in the lives of working Americans, and to measure the nation's progress in several key foundation areas for future economic growth." The data in this excellent resource are divided into three sections. What's New About the New Economy includes thirteen indications that show the uniqueness and structure of the new technology-based and innovation-based economy. The second section considers the ways in which the New Economy will affect the lives of American workers. Finally, the third section, Foundations for Future Growth, projects the future growth of technology in the US. The site also includes information about the data sources, endnotes, and several side articles. Although the New Economy Index was created in 1998, the information is still valid and useful.

315

Toward integrated scene text reading.  

PubMed

The growth in digital camera usage combined with a worldly abundance of text has translated to a rich new era for a classic problem of pattern recognition, reading. While traditional document processing often faces challenges such as unusual fonts, noise, and unconstrained lexicons, scene text reading amplifies these challenges and introduces new ones such as motion blur, curved layouts, perspective projection, and occlusion among others. Reading scene text is a complex problem involving many details that must be handled effectively for robust, accurate results. In this work, we describe and evaluate a reading system that combines several pieces, using probabilistic methods for coarsely binarizing a given text region, identifying baselines, and jointly performing word and character segmentation during the recognition process. By using scene context to recognize several words together in a line of text, our system gives state-of-the-art performance on three difficult benchmark data sets. PMID:24356356

Weinman, Jerod J; Butler, Zachary; Knoll, Dugan; Feild, Jacqueline

2014-02-01

316

Practical vision based degraded text recognition system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rapid growth and progress in the medical, industrial, security and technology fields means more and more consideration for the use of camera based optical character recognition (OCR) Applying OCR to scanned documents is quite mature, and there are many commercial and research products available on this topic. These products achieve acceptable recognition accuracy and reasonable processing times especially with trained software, and constrained text characteristics. Even though the application space for OCR is huge, it is quite challenging to design a single system that is capable of performing automatic OCR for text embedded in an image irrespective of the application. Challenges for OCR systems include; images are taken under natural real world conditions, Surface curvature, text orientation, font, size, lighting conditions, and noise. These and many other conditions make it extremely difficult to achieve reasonable character recognition. Performance for conventional OCR systems drops dramatically as the degradation level of the text image quality increases. In this paper, a new recognition method is proposed to recognize solid or dotted line degraded characters. The degraded text string is localized and segmented using a new algorithm. The new method was implemented and tested using a development framework system that is capable of performing OCR on camera captured images. The framework allows parameter tuning of the image-processing algorithm based on a training set of camera-captured text images. Novel methods were used for enhancement, text localization and the segmentation algorithm which enables building a custom system that is capable of performing automatic OCR which can be used for different applications. The developed framework system includes: new image enhancement, filtering, and segmentation techniques which enabled higher recognition accuracies, faster processing time, and lower energy consumption, compared with the best state of the art published techniques. The system successfully produced impressive OCR accuracies (90% -to- 93%) using customized systems generated by our development framework in two industrial OCR applications: water bottle label text recognition and concrete slab plate text recognition. The system was also trained for the Arabic language alphabet, and demonstrated extremely high recognition accuracy (99%) for Arabic license name plate text recognition with processing times of 10 seconds. The accuracy and run times of the system were compared to conventional and many states of art methods, the proposed system shows excellent results.

Mohammad, Khader; Agaian, Sos; Saleh, Hani

2011-02-01

317

Index of Learning Styles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Index of Learning Styles (ILS) is an on-line instrument used to assess preferences in four dimensions (active/reflective, sensing/intuitive, visual/verbal, and sequential/global) of a learning style model formulated by Richard M. Felder and Linda K. Silverman. The ILS results provide an indication of an individual's learning preferences while also providing an even better indication of the preference profile of a group of students (a class).

Richard M. Felder

318

The Fibromyalgia Bladder Index  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to determine whether an existing outcome measure, the Interstitial Cystitis Symptom and Problem\\u000a Index (ICSI\\/ICPI), is a valid, reliable, and clinically relevant instrument to assess the sensory urinary symptoms in women\\u000a with fibromyalgia syndrome (FM). Ninety women with American College of Rheumatology 90 FM and who had at least two sensory\\u000a bladder symptoms participated

Kaye Brand; Geoffrey Littlejohn; Linda Kristjanson; Stan Wisniewski; Thomas Hassard

2007-01-01

319

The Local Index Theorem.  

E-print Network

This article is based on author's talk at the International Conference "Alexandroff Reading", Moscow 21 - 25 May, 2012. The material presented in article is a programme intended to organise the ingredients of the index formula. The first results results obtained in this project were announced at the International Conference on Non-commutative Geometry, Trieste, November 2007. Progress obtained along the path of the project was reported at different conferences in Crakovia (June 2011), "K-Theory, C*-Algebras and Index Theory International Conference", Goettingen (November 2010) and Iasi (September 2011). The unifying idea behind our program is to localise K-theory and the non-commutative geometry basic tools (Hochschild, cyclic homology and co-homology, Connes-Karoubi Chern character) along the lines of Alexander-Spanier co-homology and homology. The motivation for the realisation of this programme is four-fold: -1) the classical Atiyah-Singer type index formula is a global statement with local controle, -2) the non-localised existing tools are not fine enough to capture sufficient information in the case of Banach algebras, -3) one wants to make so that the Alexander-Spanier (co)-homology becomes a natural ingredient of non-commutative geometry and -4) the Alexander-Spanier co-homology, with respect to the existing non-commutative geometry tools, has the advantage that it does need extra regularity beyond the ordinary topology. Author's last reference publications represent parts of this programme

Nicolae Teleman

320

Index of cyber integrity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unfortunately, there is no metric, nor set of metrics, that are both general enough to encompass all possible types of applications yet specific enough to capture the application and attack specific details. As a result we are left with ad-hoc methods for generating evaluations of the security of our systems. Current state of the art methods for evaluating the security of systems include penetration testing and cyber evaluation tests. For these evaluations, security professionals simulate an attack from malicious outsiders and malicious insiders. These evaluations are very productive and are able to discover potential vulnerabilities resulting from improper system configuration, hardware and software flaws, or operational weaknesses. We therefore propose the index of cyber integrity (ICI), which is modeled after the index of biological integrity (IBI) to provide a holistic measure of the health of a system under test in a cyber-environment. The ICI provides a broad base measure through a collection of application and system specific metrics. In this paper, following the example of the IBI, we demonstrate how a multi-metric index may be used as a holistic measure of the health of a system under test in a cyber-environment.

Anderson, Gustave

2014-05-01

321

The Ranger medic.  

PubMed

The Ranger medic (military occupational specialty 91B) provides advanced trauma management across the operational spectrum in which the 75th Ranger Regiment is employed. Ranger medic duties, both in combat environments and in training, medical training, professional progression, and medical assets in the Ranger battalion are detailed. Ranger medic training management tools and techniques are discussed and illustrated. The role of the combat lifesaver, force modernization, and interoperability issues facing the medical team are discussed. The Ranger medic is a capable special operations tactical medic. PMID:11370201

Pappas, C G

2001-05-01

322

Science production in Iran: The scenario of Iranian medical journals.  

PubMed

In Iran, the number of published articles has increased significantly in the basic and applied sciences including medicine and its subspecialties during the recent years. The present study reviewed Iranian science production in medicine, focusing on Iranian medical journals and assessing the current status of Iranian medical journals in several information databases. The study revealed that only a few number of Iranian biomedical journals were indexed by Web of Science, Medline, Scopus and Biological abstract, but most of them have been covered by Index Copernicus and Index Medicus for Eastern Mediterranean Region. Observing some important factors such as journal's basic publishing standards may increase the number of Iranian medical journals indexed by reputable information databases and improve Iranian contribution to the world science. PMID:21772902

Aminpour, Farzaneh; Kabiri, Payam

2009-09-01

323

29. TRACK LAYOUT, INDEX TO DRAWINGS AND INDEX TO MATERIALS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

29. TRACK LAYOUT, INDEX TO DRAWINGS AND INDEX TO MATERIALS, REED & STEM ARCHITECTS, ST. PAUL, NEW YORK, 1909 (Burlington Northern Collection, Seattle, Washington) - Union Passenger Station Concourse, 1713 Pacific Avenue, Tacoma, Pierce County, WA

324

ESTER: efficient search on text, entities, and relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present ESTER, a modular and highly ecient system for combined full-text and ontology search. ESTER builds on a query engine that supports two basic operations: prefix search and join. Both of these can be implemented very eciently with a compact index, yet in combination provide powerful querying capabilities. We show how ESTER can answer basic SPARQL graph- pattern queries

Holger Bast; Alexandru Chitea; Fabian M. Suchanek; Ingmar Weber

2007-01-01

325

Words for Pictures: analysing a corpus of art texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of collateral text for indexing images is a promising approach for closing the 'semantic gap' between image databases and their users, as demonstrated by systems which process HTML tags and newspaper photograph captions to extract metadata for images. This approach can be extended in specialist domains like fine art in which the 'semantics' of paintings are articulated in

Andrew Salway; Chris Frehen

326

Stemming Malay Text and Its Application in Automatic Text Categorization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Malay language, there are no conjugations and declensions and affixes have important grammatical functions. In Malay, the same word may function as a noun, an adjective, an adverb, or, a verb, depending on its position in the sentence. Although extensively simple root words are used in informal conversations, it is essential to use the precise words in formal speech or written texts. In Malay, to make sentences clear, derivative words are used. Derivation is achieved mainly by the use of affixes. There are approximately a hundred possible derivative forms of a root word in written language of the educated Malay. Therefore, the composition of Malay words may be complicated. Although there are several types of stemming algorithms available for text processing in English and some other languages, they cannot be used to overcome the difficulties in Malay word stemming. Stemming is the process of reducing various words to their root forms in order to improve the effectiveness of text processing in information systems. It is essential to avoid both over-stemming and under-stemming errors. We have developed a new Malay stemmer (stemming algorithm) for removing inflectional and derivational affixes. Our stemmer uses a set of affix rules and two types of dictionaries: a root-word dictionary and a derivative-word dictionary. The use of set of rules is aimed at reducing the occurrence of under-stemming errors, while that of the dictionaries is believed to reduce the occurrence of over-stemming errors. We performed an experiment to evaluate the application of our stemmer in text mining software. For the experiment, text data used were actual web pages collected from the World Wide Web to demonstrate the effectiveness of our Malay stemming algorithm. The experimental results showed that our stemmer can effectively increase the precision of the extracted Boolean expressions for text categorization.

Yasukawa, Michiko; Lim, Hui Tian; Yokoo, Hidetoshi

327

Why is Light Text Harder to Read Than Dark Text?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scharff and Ahumada (2002, 2003) measured text legibility for light text and dark text. For paragraph readability and letter identification, responses to light text were slower and less accurate for a given contrast. Was this polarity effect (1) an artifact of our apparatus, (2) a physiological difference in the separate pathways for positive and negative contrast or (3) the result of increased experience with dark text on light backgrounds? To rule out the apparatus-artifact hypothesis, all data were collected on one monitor. Its luminance was measured at all levels used, and the spatial effects of the monitor were reduced by pixel doubling and quadrupling (increasing the viewing distance to maintain constant angular size). Luminances of vertical and horizontal square-wave gratings were compared to assess display speed effects. They existed, even for 4-pixel-wide bars. Tests for polarity asymmetries in display speed were negative. Increased experience might develop full letter templates for dark text, while recognition of light letters is based on component features. Earlier, an observer ran all conditions at one polarity and then switched. If dark and light letters were intermixed, the observer might use component features on all trials and do worse on the dark letters, reducing the polarity effect. We varied polarity blocking (completely blocked, alternating smaller blocks, and intermixed blocks). Letter identification responses times showed polarity effects at all contrasts and display resolution levels. Observers were also more accurate with higher contrasts and more pixels per degree. Intermixed blocks increased the polarity effect by reducing performance on the light letters, but only if the randomized block occurred prior to the nonrandomized block. Perhaps observers tried to use poorly developed templates, or they did not work as hard on the more difficult items. The experience hypothesis and the physiological gain hypothesis remain viable explanations.

Scharff, Lauren V.; Ahumada, Albert J.

2005-01-01

328

Book reviews in medical journals.  

PubMed Central

In a study of book reviews published in four general medical journals over a six-month period, 480 reviews were analyzed. Twenty-five features that reviewers address when evaluating a text were identified, and the frequency of commentary for each feature was determined. The mean number of features addressed per review was 9.0. Reviews averaged 389 words, but review length did not correlate with the length or scope of the book, with the number of features addressed, nor with the reviewer's assessment of the text. Extraneous commentary by the reviewer occurred in 16% of the reviews. This editorializing appeared in lengthier reviews that addressed fewer features. Favorable reviews were far more common than unfavorable ones (88.5% vs. 11.5%). Consequently, for the fifty-five books reviewed in more than one journal, agreement regarding rating of the text was high (86%). Results of this study may provide useful guidelines for reviewers of medical texts. PMID:3947772

Kroenke, K

1986-01-01

329

Medical imaging.  

PubMed Central

There is now a wide choice of medical imaging to show both focal and diffuse pathologies in various organs. Conventional radiology with plain films, fluoroscopy and contrast medium have many advantages, being readily available with low-cost apparatus and a familiarity that almost leads to contempt. The use of plain films in chest disease and in trauma does not need emphasizing, yet there are still too many occasions when the answer obtainable from a plain radiograph has not been available. The film may have been mislaid, or the examination was not requested, or the radiograph had been misinterpreted. The converse is also quite common. Examinations are performed that add nothing to patient management, such as skull films when CT will in any case be requested or views of the internal auditory meatus and heal pad thickness in acromegaly, to quote some examples. Other issues are more complicated. Should the patient who clinically has gall-bladder disease have more than a plain film that shows gall-stones? If the answer is yes, then why request a plain film if sonography will in any case be required to 'exclude' other pathologies especially of the liver or pancreas? But then should cholecystography, CT or scintigraphy be added for confirmation? Quite clearly there will be individual circumstances to indicate further imaging after sonography but in the vast majority of patients little or no extra information will be added. Statistics on accuracy and specificity will, in the case of gall-bladder pathology, vary widely if adenomyomatosis is considered by some to be a cause of symptoms or if sonographic examinations 'after fatty meals' are performed. The arguments for or against routine contrast urography rather than sonography are similar but the possibility of contrast reactions and the need to limit ionizing radiation must be borne in mind. These diagnostic strategies are also being influenced by their cost and availability; purely pragmatic considerations are not infrequently the overriding factor. Non-invasive methods will be preferred, particularly sonography as it is far more acceptable by not being claustrophobic and totally free of any known untoward effects. There is another quite different but unrelated aspect. The imaging methods, apart from limited exceptions, cannot characterize tissues as benign or malignant, granulomatous or neoplastic; cytology or histology usually provides the answer. Sonography is most commonly used to locate the needle tip correctly for percutaneous sampling of tissues. Frequently sonography with fine needle aspiration cytology or biopsy is the least expensive, safest and most direct route to a definitive diagnosis. Abscesses can be similarly diagnosed but with needles or catheters through which the pus can be drained. The versatility and mobility of sonography has spawned other uses, particularly for the very ill and immobile, for the intensive therapy units and for the operating theatre, as well in endosonography. The appointment of more skilled sonographers to the National Health Service could make a substantial contribution to cost-effective management of hospital services. Just when contrast agents and angiography have become safe and are performed rapidly, they are being supplanted by scanning methods. They are now mainly used for interventional procedures or of pre-operative 'road maps' and may be required even less in the future as MRI angiography and Doppler techniques progress. MRI will almost certainly extent its role beyond the central nervous system (CNS) should the equipment become more freely available, especially to orthopaedics. Until then plain films, sonography or CT will have to suffice. Even in the CNS there are conditions where CT is more diagnostic, as in showing calculations in cerebral cysticercosis. Then, too, in most cases CT produces results comparable to MRI apart from areas close to bone, structures at the base of the brain, in the posterior fossa and in the spinal cord. Scintigraphy for pulmonary infarcts and bone metastases and in renal disease in children plays

Kreel, L.

1991-01-01

330

Problems faced by editors of peer reviewed medical journals.  

PubMed

Forty-six medical and dental journals are published from Pakistan of which only 29 are currently recognized by the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council. Only a few are peer reviewed. Six are indexed in Medline while EMBASE Excerpta Medica and World Health Organization Index Medicus for Eastern Mediterranean Region cover others. Editors of the peer reviewed medical journals are faced with numerous problems, which relate to the authors. Some of these are: shortage of quality of manuscripts, poor quality of reviewers, problems with indexation in international indexing services particularly Medline, duplicate submission and authorship and lastly, financial problems. Patronage from the Pharma industry is the major source of revenue which itself has serious implications. Editing a medical journal is a very stressful job and the editors have to work under too many pressures. A lot of useful data is presented at medical conferences, but a vast majority of it remains unpublished for various reasons, which adversely affects the citation rate from scientists from the developing third world countries in the world of medical literature. A few lectures on medical writing and research methodology to final year medical students will expose them to the art of medical writing. Specialty organizations can be persuaded to have a session on medical writing at their conferences, which will be extremely helpful not only to the potential new authors but also others, thereby improving the quality of their manuscripts. In addition to regular seminars, workshops for authors, reviewers and training courses for editors, subscribing to local medical journals by healthcare professionals and libraries are some of the measures that will help improve the situation to a great extent. PMID:14968187

Jawaid, Shaukat A

2004-01-01

331

A comprehensive method for multilingual video text detection, localization, and extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text in video is a very compact and accurate clue for video indexing and summarization. Most video text detection and extraction methods hold assumptions on text color, background contrast, and font style. Moreover, few methods can handle multilingual text well since different languages may have quite different appearances. This paper performs a detailed analysis of multilingual text characteristics, including English

Michael R. Lyu; Jiqiang Song; Min Cai

2005-01-01

332

Text Format, Text Comprehension, and Related Reader Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation explored relationships between format of text (electronic or print-based) and reading comprehension of adolescent readers. Also in question were potential influences on comprehension from related measures including academic placement of participants, gender, prior knowledge of the content, and overall reading ability. Influences…

Nichols, Jodi L.

2009-01-01

333

Calculating the vegetation index faster  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NIR versus red 'infrared percentage vegetation index', NIR/(NIR + Red), is functionally and linearly equivalent to the normalized difference vegetation index, (NIR-Red)/(NIR + Red). Advantageously, it is both computationally faster and never negative.

Crippen, Robert E.

1990-01-01

334

Development of Language Analysis Procedures With Application to Automatic Indexing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Specifically, the problem which this research addresses is the development of procedures which define the relational attributes to words in English text. These relational attributes are considered an essential part of any good index and therefore an antecedent to the production of good indexes by automated means. The organization of this…

Young, Carol Elizabeth

335

A Survey in Indexing and Searching XML Documents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of XML focuses on indexing techniques for XML documents, grouping them into flat-file, semistructured, and structured indexing paradigms. Highlights include searching techniques, including full text search and multistage search; search result presentations; database and information retrieval system integration; XML query languages; and…

Luk, Robert W. P.; Leong, H. V.; Dillon, Tharam S.; Chan, Alvin T. S.; Croft, W. Bruce; Allan, James

2002-01-01

336

A method for indexing Web pages using Web bots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's search engines use one of two approaches to indexing Web pages. They either (i) analyze the frequency of the words appearing in the entire or a part of the text of the target Web page, or (ii) they use sophisticated algorithms to take into account associations of words in the indexed Web page. The basic difference between the existing

Boleslaw K. Szymanski; Ming-Shu Chung

2001-01-01

337

Software Maintainability Index Revisited  

SciTech Connect

For many years now, software practitioners have been collecting metrics from source code in an effort to better understand the software they are developing or changing. Maintainability Index (MI) is a composite metric that incorporates a number of traditional source code metrics into a single number that indicates relative maintainability. As originally proposed by Oman and Hagemeister, the MI is comprised of weighted Halstead metrics (effort or volume), McCabe's Cyclomatic Complexity, lines of code (LOC), and number of comments [1, 2]. Two equations were presented: one that considered comments and one that did not.

Welker, Kurt Dean

2001-08-01

338

Index on Censorship  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The basic human right of human expression is tremendously important, and this is not lost on the good and dedicated people at the magazine "Index on Censorship". Founded in 1972, the magazine has published opinion pieces, analysis, and reporting by Vaclav Havel, Nadine Gordimer, Noam Chomsky, and Umberto Eco. Along with their actual magazine, they also keep many of their feature pieces online here. Visitors are encouraged to read pieces on censorship in Britain, the rights of journalists, and the suppression of certain political-minded weblogs. Given the breadth of material offered here, it's easy to see how this site could also be used in a journalism classroom.

339

Modal Abstraction View of Requirements for Medical Devices Used in Healthcare Processes  

E-print Network

Modal Abstraction View of Requirements for Medical Devices Used in Healthcare Processes Heather M Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 Email: clarke@cs.umass.edu Abstract--Medical device requirements often depend, and thus appears to improve understandability. Index Terms--Requirement specifications, medical devices

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

340

The Medical Passport  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Working Group on Medical Passports was established in 2002 by the International Association of Medical Regulatory Authorities. The goal of this group was to develop a fast-track registration process for highly qualified medical practitioners wishing to move from one jurisdiction to another. A "medical passport" would be available only to…

Ineson, Sue; Seeling, Stephen S.

2005-01-01

341

New Program: NIH Medical  

E-print Network

+ New Program: NIH Medical Research ©2010 Howard Hughes Medical Institute + Research Scholars RESEARCH? ©2010 Howard Hughes Medical Institute translational or clinical research project. · HHMI Medical Fellows work at any academic or nonprofit research institution in the U.S., except the NIH

Bushman, Frederic

342

What If My Child Doesn't Take His or Her Asthma Medication?  

MedlinePLUS

... My Child Doesn't Take His or Her Asthma Medication? KidsHealth > Parents > Asthma Center > Medications & Monitoring > What if My Child Doesn't Take His or Her Asthma Medication? Print A A A Text Size What's ...

343

US Patent Full Text Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Patent and Trademark Office has recently added a new full-text database of all US patents issued from January 1, 1976 to the most recent weekly issue date to its Web Patent Databases page (described in the January 10, 1997 Scout Report). Users may conduct fielded and boolean searches or search by patent number. The full-text returns include the Summary, Claims, Description, and References. Drawings and images are not available online. Search tips and help are provided at the site.

344

Multiple 3D medical data watermarking for healthcare data management.  

PubMed

The rapid development of healthcare information management for 3D digital medical libraries, 3D PACS, and 3D medical diagnosis has addressed the security issues pertaining to medical IT technology. This paper presents multiple watermarking schemes for a healthcare information management system for 3D medical image data for the protection, authentication, indexing, and hiding of diagnosis information. The proposed scheme, which is based on POCS watermarking, embeds a robust watermark for a doctor's digital signature and an information retrieval indexing key to the distribution of vertex curvedness; the scheme also embeds a fragile watermark for diagnosis information and an authentication reference message to the vertex distance difference. The multiple embedding process creates three convex sets for robustness, fragileness, and invisibility and projects the 3D medical image data onto these three convex sets alternately and iteratively. Experimental results confirmed that the proposed scheme has the robustness and fragileness to handle various 3D geometric and mesh modifiers simultaneously. PMID:20703760

Lee, Suk-Hwan; Kwon, Ki-Ryong

2011-12-01

345

Mapping Australia's basic research in the medical and health sciences.  

PubMed

The Institute for Scientific Information indexes most of the major international basic research journals in science in the Science Citation Index (SCI). Australia's presence in the medical and health sciences journals in the SCI and the citations its published research receives in these journals show that Australia's basic medical research has high international "visibility". Mapping the source of the most highly "visible" Australian medical research articles shows high impact research coming from several different sectors (research institutes, universities, hospitals, etc.), but with a concentration in the member institutions of the Australian Association of Medical Research Institutes (AAMRI). Published research from the AAMRI is cited at a rate two-thirds higher than the Australian average for medical and health sciences. PMID:9418803

Bourke, P; Butler, L

346

STS-3 medical report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The medical operations report for STS-3, which includes a review of the health of the crew before, during, and immediately after the third Shuttle orbital flight is presented. Areas reviewed include: health evaluation, medical debriefing of crewmembers, health stabilization program, medical training, medical 'kit' carried in flight, tests and countermeasures for space motion sickness, cardiovascular profile, biochemistry and endocrinology results, hematology and immunology analyses, medical microbiology, food and nutrition, potable water, shuttle toxicology, radiological health, and cabin acoustic noise. Environmental effects of shuttle launch and landing medical information management, and management, planning, and implementation of the medical program are also dicussed.

Pool, S. L. (editor); Johnson, P. C., Jr. (editor); Mason, J. A. (editor)

1982-01-01

347

Finding European bioethical literature: an evaluation of the leading abstracting and indexing services  

PubMed Central

Objectives: In this study the author aimed to provide information for researchers to help them with the selection of suitable databases for finding medical ethics literature. The quantity of medical ethical literature that is indexed in different existing electronic bibliographies was ascertained. Method: Using the international journal index Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, journals on medical ethics were identified. The electronic bibliographies indexing these journals were analysed. In an additional analysis documentalists indexing bioethical literature were asked to name European journals on medical ethics. The bibliographies indexing these journals were examined. Results: Of 290 journals on medical ethics 173 were indexed in at least one bibliography. Current Contents showed the highest coverage with 66 (22.8%) journals indexed followed by MEDLINE (22.1%). By a combined search in the top ten bibliographies with the highest coverage, a maximum coverage of 45.2% of all journals could be reached. All the bibliographies showed a tendency to index more North American than European literature. This result was verified by the supplementary analysis of a sample of continental European journals. Here EMBASE covered the highest number of journals (20.6%) followed by the Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliographies (19.2%). Conclusion: A medical ethics literature search has to be carried out in several databases in order to reach an adequate collection of literature. The databases one wishes to combine should be carefully chosen. There seems to be a regional bias in the most popular databases, favouring North American periodicals compared with European literature on medical ethics. PMID:15173367

Fangerau, H

2004-01-01

348

Index Sets and Vectorization  

SciTech Connect

Vectorization is data parallelism (SIMD, SIMT, etc.) - extension of ISA enabling the same instruction to be performed on multiple data items simultaeously. Many/most CPUs support vectorization in some form. Vectorization is difficult to enable, but can yield large efficiency gains. Extra programmer effort is required because: (1) not all algorithms can be vectorized (regular algorithm structure and fine-grain parallelism must be used); (2) most CPUs have data alignment restrictions for load/store operations (obey or risk incorrect code); (3) special directives are often needed to enable vectorization; and (4) vector instructions are architecture-specific. Vectorization is the best way to optimize for power and performance due to reduced clock cycles. When data is organized properly, a vector load instruction (i.e. movaps) can replace 'normal' load instructions (i.e. movsd). Vector operations can potentially have a smaller footprint in the instruction cache when fewer instructions need to be executed. Hybrid index sets insulate users from architecture specific details. We have applied hybrid index sets to achieve optimal vectorization. We can extend this concept to handle other programming models.

Keasler, J A

2012-03-27

349

Open Budget Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Around the world different governments provide different levels of information about their national budgets, and for some parties, this is a real area of concern. For those interested in this timely subject, the Center of Budget and Policy Priorities has created the Open Budget Index. Released in October 2006, this index rates countries on how open their budget books are to their citizens. As the site notes, this information can help a variety of groups "identify meaningful budget reforms needed in specific countries to combat corruption and strengthen basic services to improve people's lives." A great way to start on the site is by looking through country profiles from Uganda, Mexico, and India that will let concerned parties know specifically how budget transparency improves people's lives. After that, visitors can scroll down through a complete list of country summaries and questionnaires from Albania to Zambia. Visitors should also be aware that many of the materials on the site are available in a number of languages, including Arabic, French, Russian, and Spanish.

350

DyST: Dynamic and Scalable Temporal Text Indexing Kjetil Nrvag  

E-print Network

, and additional temporal posting subindexes(TPI) for fre- quently occurring terms. In DyST all new entries) of a term reaches a certain size a TPI is created and the contents of the post- ing list migrated to the TPI of the TPI is reduced. The fact that TPIs are only created when beneficial also means that the impact

Nørvåg, Kjetil

351

Information retrieval I: Keyword in context (KWIC) indexing on the IBM 7090 DPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

KWIC is a system which produces an index of keywords contained in the text or titles of documents. The system produces a keyword index, a bibliography, and an author list, all derived from an input deck of bibliography cards.

R. V. Wadding

1962-01-01

352

Tobermorite group of silicates (Text)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document is part of Subvolume I4 'Inosilicates' of Volume 27 'Magnetic properties of non-metallic inorganic compounds based on transition elements' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III Condensed Matter. It contains the data of the tobermorite group of silicates (Text)

Burzo, E.

353

Bornholm Text analysis rup Nielsen  

E-print Network

Bornholm Text analysis Finn A Ã? rup Nielsen Informatics and Mathematical Modelling Technical A Ã? rup Nielsen, IMM, DTU April 7, 2002 OVERVIEW #15; Analysis types #15; Vector space model #15 in chat room. #15; Usage analysis 2 #12; Finn A Ã? rup Nielsen, IMM, DTU April 7, 2002 ANALYSIS TYPES #15

Nielsen, Finn Ã?rup

354

A Hypertext Observational Astronomy Text  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Internet, World Wide Web, and Mosaic inspire new and innovative approaches to organizing textual materials for educational purposes and for providing access to these materials. We have taken a textbook under construction and converted it into electronic form for use with other class materials in an upper level undergraduate observational astronomy course at the University of Virginia. There are many advantages to this approach for a text. These include relative ease and speed of preparation compared with formal publication, much superior results compared with photocopying, and low cost to the student. Color photographs may easily be integrated with text. The text is easy to revise and keep current, and it would be a straightforward matter to include user contributions and interaction. Of special value is the structure that can be built in the documents with hypertext anchors. We established links between the class syllabus and the main text, to the illustrated operating manuals for the instrumentation used in the course, to more detailed or difficult material, and to other World Wide Web servers.

Miller, G. E.; Ianna, P. A.

1994-12-01

355

Acquiring Disambiguation Rules from Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective procedure for automatically acquiring a new set of disambiguation rules for an existing deterministic parser on the basis of tagged text is presented. Performance of the automatically acquired rules is much better than the existing hand-written disambiguation rules. The success of the acquired rules depends on using the linguistic information encoded in the parser; enhancements to various components

Donald Hindle

1989-01-01

356

Data compression using text encryption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. We discuss the use of a new algorithm to preprocess text in order to improve the compression ratio of textual documents, in particular online documents such as web pages on the World Wide Web. The algorithm was first introduced in an earlier paper, and in this paper we discuss the applicability of our algorithm in Internet

H. Kruse; A. Mukherjee

1997-01-01

357

Basic Chad Arabic: Comprehension Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text, principally designed for use in a three-volume course on Chad Arabic, complements the pre-speech and active phases of the course in that it provides the answers to comprehension exercises students are required to complete during the course. The comprehension exercises require that students listen to an instructor or tape and write…

Absi, Samir Abu; Sinaud, Andre

358

Reader-Focused Text Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a review of the literature on reader-focused text evaluation. Gives an account of the document characteristics that can be evaluated and considers the possible functions of evaluations making a distinction between verifying, troubleshooting, and choice-supporting research. Presents an overview of methods appropriate for the various…

DeJong, Menno; Jan Schellens, Peter

1997-01-01

359

Disfluencies in Comprehending Argumentative Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two experiments, we examine university students' ability to comprehend authentic argumentative texts and factors that influence their application of this skill. Participants read several relatively lengthy arguments and identified the main claim and reasons. Experiment 1 shows that participants are not skilled at identifying key elements from…

Larson, Meredith; Britt, M. Anne; Larson, Aaron A.

2004-01-01

360

The otibetpackage Writing tibetan text  

E-print Network

­capable descendent of T E X. This package makes heavy use of\\Omega translation process, known as\\Omega TP. Included in the package there are the necessary \\Omega TP­øles to type tibetan text in a certain transcription and after characters by stacking them one above the other. 2 Input Encoding, Transcription Two transcriptions

Preining, Norbert

361

Solar index generation and delivery  

SciTech Connect

The Solar Index, or, more completely defined as the Service Hot Water Solar Index, was conceptualized during the spring of 1978. The purpose was to enhance public awareness to solar energy usability. Basically, the Solar Index represents the percentage of energy that solar would provide in order to heat an 80 gallon service hot water load for a given location and day. The Index is computed by utilizing SOLCOST, a computer program, which also has applications to space heating, cooling, and heat pump systems and which supplies economic analyses for such solar energy systems. The Index is generated for approximately 68 geographic locations in the country on a daily basis. The definition of the Index, how the project came to be, what it is at the present time and a plan for the future are described. Also presented are the models used for the generation of the Index, a discussion of the primary tool of implementation (the SOLCOST program) and future efforts.

Lantz, L.J.

1980-01-01

362

Trends in medical information retrieval on Internet.  

PubMed

Information on the World Wide Web is unstructured, distributed, multimedia and multilingual. Many tools have been developed to help users search for useful information: subject hierarchies, general search engines, browsers and search assistants. Although helpful, they present serious limitations, mainly in terms of precision, multilingual indexing and distribution. In this paper, we cover some on-line solutions to medical information discovery and present our own approach, the MARVIN (multi-agent retrieval vagabond on information network) project, which tackles medical information research with specialized cooperative retrieval agents. We also draw some outlines for future extensions. PMID:9861514

Baujard, O; Baujard, V; Aurel, S; Boyer, C; Appel, R D

1998-09-01

363

The Hirsch index - a play on numbers or a true appraisal of academic output?  

PubMed Central

Citation metrics have rapidly gained importance in today's landscape and are being increasingly utilized as a yardstick in making several important decisions regarding academic funding and appointments. The impact factor has traditionally been the metric most often employed in this regard. However, the emergence of the Hirsch index has provided an alternative to the impact factor. The h-index, despite its flaws, continues to gain acceptance and popularity in the medical community. Several medical journals have evaluated and endorsed the use of the h-index. However, it must be interpreted with all of its limitations in mind. PMID:21736756

2011-01-01

364

ABOUTTHEMEDICALCOLLEGE A Premier Medical School  

E-print Network

..........................................37 Research Education....................................... 39 Medical Scientist Training ProgramABOUTTHEMEDICALCOLLEGE A Premier Medical School MEDICAL SCHOOL ACADEMIC BULLETIN 2012­2013 #12;2 THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN MEDICAL SCHOOL ACADEMIC BULLETIN 2012-2013 Vision, Mission, and Accreditation

365

ABOUTTHEMEDICALCOLLEGE A Premier Medical School  

E-print Network

..........................................37 Research Education....................................... 39 Medical Scientist Training ProgramABOUTTHEMEDICALCOLLEGE A Premier Medical School MEDICAL SCHOOL ACADEMIC BULLETIN 2011­2012 #12;2 THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN MEDICAL SCHOOL ACADEMIC BULLETIN 2011­2012 Vision, Mission, and Accreditation

366

Multilingual Authoring Using Feedback Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are obvious reasons for trying to automate the production of multilingual documentation, especially for routine subject-matter in restricted domains (e.g. technical instructions). Two approaches have been adopted: Machine Translation (MT) of a source text, and Multilingual Natural Language Generation (M-NLG) from a knowledge base. For MT, information extraction is a major difficulty, since the meaning must be derived by

Richard Power; Donia Scott

1998-01-01

367

eJMG: Journal of Medical Genetics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Medical Association has announced the online availability of Journal of Medical Genetics (JMG). Published monthly, JMG covers a range of topics from basic research to clinical reports, "diagnostic methods and psychosocial aspects of clinical genetics. Areas of special interest include: Molecular genetics and its clinical application; Development of medical genetics services; Dysmorphology: the delineation and genetic basis of new syndromes; Ethical and social aspects of medical genetics." Online, full-text content begins with the January 1999 issue; online abstracts begin March 1975. Note that the free trial period for Journal of Medical Genetics Online ends March 1, 2000. This publication is made available by the British Medical Association in conjunction with Stanford University's HighWire Press.

368

Traffic air quality index.  

PubMed

Vehicle emissions are responsible for a considerable share of urban air pollution concentrations. The traffic air quality index (TAQI) is proposed as a useful tool for evaluating air quality near roadways. The TAQI associates air quality with the equivalent emission from traffic sources and with street structure (roadway structure) as anthropogenic factors. The paper presents a method of determining the TAQI and defines the degrees of harmfulness of emitted pollution. It proposes a classification specifying a potential threat to human health based on the TAQI value and shows an example of calculating the TAQI value for real urban streets. It also considers the role that car traffic plays in creating a local UHI. PMID:25461063

Bagie?ski, Zbigniew

2015-02-01

369

Extremal index estimation  

E-print Network

/sr) a ~ 0 2 n. q q = o(r) THEOREM 2. 5. Assume (X ) has extremal index 8 and assume DE(u (1)) holds n m for some sequence u (1). Then there are two sequences u (r' ) and r such m n n n that: Y(r)~9 L We can choose u = u, (1) and r = r . , where m... whenever m m n u (l)~ (r ). Indeed, if u (1)=u (r ), m = n/r and m/r = n/(r r ), and m n n m n n n m n n choosing q satisfying (2. 15) and (2. 16) ensures that q = o(m), (m/r )g(q )~ and q = o(r ). Thus, applying theorem 1. 1, E(Y ) ~ 8. (c) Let us now...

Kampa, Aleksander Edward

2012-06-07

370

Migrant Integration Policy Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Union has long been concerned with looking at how migrants are integrated into various member states (and several non-EU countries), and this visually delightful and well-thought out site is a great resource for researchers and policy analysts. Drawing on a wide range of data sources, the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX) covers policy areas like long-term residence, access to nationality, and political participation. After looking over the "About" section, visitors should be comfortable enough to dive right in. Visitors may wish to start by using the interactive mapping and charting function to look at how various countries are performing in terms of integration, and then move on to the "Key Findings" section which offers some summary statistics on the six policy areas covered here. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive email updates and information via an RSS feed.

371

Gradient index polymer optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design, fabrication, and properties of one of a new class of gradient-index lenses are reported. The lens is an f/2.25 GRIN singlet based on a nanolayered polymer composite material, designed to correct for spherical aberration. The light gathering and focusing properties of the polymer lens are compared to a homogeneous BK7 glass singlet with a similar f-number. The modulation transfer function of the polymer GRIN lens exceeded that of the homogeneous glass lens at all spatial frequencies and was as much as 3 times better at 5 cyc/mm. The weight of the polymer lens was approximately an order of magnitude less than the homogeneous glass lens.

Beadie, G.; Fleet, E.; Rosenberg, A.; Lane, Paul A.; Shirk, James S.; Kamdar, A. R.; Ponting, M.; Hiltner, A.; Baer, E.

2008-08-01

372

Global Enhanced Vegetation Index  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

By carefully measuring the wavelengths and intensity of visible and near-infrared light reflected by the land surface back up into space, the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Team can quantify the concentrations of green leaf vegetation around the world. The above MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) map shows the density of plant growth over the entire globe. Very low values of EVI (white and brown areas) correspond to barren areas of rock, sand, or snow. Moderate values (light greens) represent shrub and grassland, while high values indicate temperate and tropical rainforests (dark greens). The MODIS EVI gives scientists a new tool for monitoring major fluctuations in vegetation and understanding how they affect, and are affected by, regional climate trends. For more information, read NASA Unveils Spectacular Suite of New Global Data Products from MODIS. Image courtesy MODIS Land Group/Vegetation Indices, Alfredo Huete, Principal Investigator, and Kamel Didan, University of Arizona

2002-01-01

373

A Windshear Hazard Index  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An aircraft exposed to hazardous low-level windshear may suffer a critical loss of airspeed and altitude, thus endangering its ability to remain airborne. In order to characterize this hazard, a nondimensional index was developed based oil aerodynamic principals and understanding of windshear phenomena, 'This paper reviews the development and application of the Bowles F-tactor. which is now used by onboard sensors for the detection of hazardous windshear. It was developed and tested during NASA/I:AA's airborne windshear program and is now required for FAA certification of onboard radar windshear detection systems. Reviewed in this paper are: 1) definition of windshear and description of atmospheric phenomena that may cause hazardous windshear. 2) derivation and discussion of the F-factor. 3) development of the F-factor hazard threshold, 4) its testing during field deployments, and 5) its use in accident reconstructions,

Proctor, Fred H.; Hinton, David A.; Bowles, Roland L.

2000-01-01

374

September Consumer Price Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Tuesday October 19, 1999, the US Department of Labor released its September 1999 Consumer Price Index (CPI), which showed a rise of 0.4 percent, the third monthly rise in a row. Wall Street breathed a sigh of relief at the news of the report as recent anxiety over the rising CPI and the threat of interest rates had sent the Nasdaq plunging. Tuesday, after the release of the report, stocks jumped over 200 points. The higher prices of tobacco and apparel boosted the CPI, and industries such as transportation, food, and lodging also showed the effects of inflation. The following nine resources include news briefs, commentary, and documents examining the impact of the September CPI as well as some of the unease about the US economy and inflation.

Missner, Emily D.

375

Medical Physics Panel Discussion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The panel discussion will explore opportunities and vistas in medical physics research and practice, medical imaging, teaching medical physics to undergraduates, and medical physics curricula as a recruiting tool for physics departments. Panel members consist of representatives from NSBP (Paul Guèye and Steven Avery), NIH/NIBIB (Richard Baird), NIST (Christopher Soares), AAPM (Howard Amols), ASTRO (Prabhakar Tripuraneni), and Jefferson Lab (Stan Majewski and Drew Weisenberger). Medical Physicists are part of Departments of Radiation Oncology at hospitals and medical centers. The field of medical physics includes radiation therapy physics, medical diagnostic and imaging physics, nuclear medicine physics, and medical radiation safety. It also ranges from basic researcher (at college institutions, industries, and laboratories) to applications in clinical environments.

Guèye, Paul; Avery, Steven; Baird, Richard; Soares, Christopher; Amols, Howard; Tripuraneni, Prabhakar; Majewski, Stan; Weisenberger, Drew

2006-03-01

376

A heuristic method for finding the optimal number of clusters with application in medical data.  

PubMed

In this paper, a heuristic method for determining the optimal number of clusters is proposed. Four clustering algorithms, namely K-means, Growing Neural Gas, Simulated Annealing based technique, and Fuzzy C-means in conjunction with three well known cluster validity indices, namely Davies-Bouldin index, Calinski-Harabasz index, Maulik-Bandyopadhyay index, in addition to the proposed index are used. Our simulations evaluate capability of mentioned indices in some artificial and medical datasets. PMID:19163761

Bayati, Hamidreza; Davoudi, Heydar; Fatemizadeh, Emad

2008-01-01

377

Identifying issue frames in text.  

PubMed

Framing, the effect of context on cognitive processes, is a prominent topic of research in psychology and public opinion research. Research on framing has traditionally relied on controlled experiments and manually annotated document collections. In this paper we present a method that allows for quantifying the relative strengths of competing linguistic frames based on corpus analysis. This method requires little human intervention and can therefore be efficiently applied to large bodies of text. We demonstrate its effectiveness by tracking changes in the framing of terror over time and comparing the framing of abortion by Democrats and Republicans in the U.S. PMID:23874909

Sagi, Eyal; Diermeier, Daniel; Kaufmann, Stefan

2013-01-01

378

CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CELT, an "online database of contemporary and historical topics from many areas, including literature and the other arts," is aimed at the greatest possible range of readers, from academic scholars to the general public. Texts at the site can be searched, read on-screen, or downloaded. Other works available at CELT include essays by Michael Collins, the Dail debates on the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, works by James Connolly and Padraic Pearse, and almost the whole corpus of Hiberno-Norman French poetry.

1997-01-01

379

Text Classification by Labeling Words  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, text classifiers are built from labeled training\\u000a examples. Labeling is usually done manually by human experts\\u000a (or the users), which is a labor intensive and time consuming process.\\u000a In the past few years, researchers investigated various forms of\\u000a semi-supervised learning to reduce the burden of manual labeling.\\u000a In this paper, we propose a different approach. Instead of labeling\\u000a a

Bing Liu; Xiaoli Li; Wee Sun Lee; Philip S. Yu

2005-01-01

380

MEDIC: Medical embedded device for individualized care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Objective: Presented work highlights the development and initial validation of a medical embedded device for individualized care (MEDIC), which is based on a novel software architecture, enabling sensor management and disease prediction capabil- ities, and commercially available microelectronic components, sensors and conven- tional personal digital assistant (PDA) (or a cell phone). Methods and materials: In this paper, we present

Winston H. Wu; Alex A. T. Bui; Maxim A. Batalin; Lawrence K. Au; Jonathan D. Binney; William J. Kaiser

2008-01-01

381

Randomised Trial of Text Messaging on Adherence to Cardiovascular Preventive Treatment (INTERACT Trial)  

PubMed Central

Background About one third of patients prescribed blood pressure or lipid-lowering drugs for the prevention of coronary heart disease and stroke do not take their medication as prescribed. We conducted a randomized trial to evaluate text messaging as a means of improving adherence to cardiovascular disease preventive treatment. Methods 303 patients taking blood pressure and/or lipid-lowering medications were randomly assigned to being sent text messages (Text group, 151) or not being sent them (No text group, 152). Texts were sent daily for 2 weeks, alternate days for 2 weeks and weekly thereafter for 22 weeks (6 months overall), using an automated computer programme. Patients were asked to respond on whether they had taken their medication, whether the text reminded them to do so if they had forgotten, and if they had not taken their medication to determine if there was a reason for not doing so. At 6 months, use of medication was assessed. Results Two patients were lost to follow-up, providing data on 301 for analysis. In the No text group 38/151 (25%) took less than 80% of the prescribed regimen (ie. stopped medication completely or took it on fewer than 22 of the last 28 days of follow-up) compared to 14/150 patients (9%) in the Text group – an improvement in adherence affecting 16 per 100 patients (95% CI 7 to 24), p<0.001. The texts reminded 98/151 patients (65%) to take medication on at least one occasion and lead to 20/151 (13%) who stopped taking medication because of concern over efficacy or side-effects, resuming treatment. Conclusions In patients taking blood pressure or lipid-lowering treatment for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, text messaging improved medication adherence compared with no text messaging. Trial Registration Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN74757601 PMID:25479285

Wald, David S.; Bestwick, Jonathan P.; Raiman, Lewis; Brendell, Rebecca; Wald, Nicholas J.

2014-01-01

382

STS-1 medical report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The report includes a review of the health of the crew before, during and immediately after the first Shuttle orbital flight (April 12-14, 1981). Areas reviewed include: health evaluation, medical debriefing of crewmembers, health stabilization program, medical training, medical kit carried inflight; tests and countermeasures for space motion sickness, cardiovascular profile, biochemistry and endocrinology results; hematology and immunology analyses; medical microbiology; food and nutrition; potable water; shuttle toxicology; radiological health; cabin acoustical noise. Also included is information on: environmental effects of Shuttle launch and landing, medical information management; and management, planning and implementation of the medical program.

Pool, S. L. (editor); Johnson, P. C., Jr. (editor); Mason, J. A. (editor)

1981-01-01

383

NASA directives master list and index  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Handbook sets forth in two parts the information for the guidance of users of the NASA Management Directives System. Complementary to this Handbook is the NASA Online Directives Information System (NODIS), an electronic computer text retrieval system. The first part contains the Master List of Management Directives in force as of 30 Sep. 1993. The second part contains an Index to NASA Management Directives in force as of 30 Sep. 1993.

1993-01-01

384

Natural histroy of trisomy 18 and trisomy 13: I. Growth, physical assessment, medical histories, survival, and recurrence risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The natural history of trisomy 18 and trisomy 13 was investigated using data derived from parent questionnaires and medical records from 98 families with an index case of trisomy 18 and 32 families with an index case of trisomy 13. Data are presented on pregnancy, delivery, survival, medical complications, immunizations, growth, cause of death, cytogenetics, and recurrence risk. Half of

Bonnie J. Baty; Brent L. Blackburn; John C. Carey

1994-01-01

385

Intervention to Enhance Communication About Newly Prescribed Medications  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Physicians prescribing new medications often do not convey important medication-related information. This study tests an intervention to improve physician-patient communication about newly prescribed medications. METHODS We conducted a controlled clinical trial of patients in 3 primary care practices, combining data from patient surveys with audio-recorded physician-patient interactions. The intervention consisted of a 1-hour physician-targeted interactive educational session encouraging communication about 5 basic elements regarding a new prescription and a patient information handout listing the 5 basic elements. Main outcome measures were the Medication Communication Index (MCI), a 5-point index assessed by qualitative analysis of audio-recorded interactions (giving points for discussion of medication name, purpose, directions for use, duration of use, and side effects), and patient ratings of physician communication about new prescriptions. RESULTS Twenty-seven physicians prescribed 113 new medications to 82 of 256 patients. The mean MCI for medications prescribed by physicians in the intervention group was 3.95 (SD = 1.02), significantly higher than that for medications prescribed by control group physicians (2.86, SD = 1.23, P <.001). This effect held regardless of medication type (chronic vs nonchronic medication). Counseling about 3 of the 5 MCI components was significantly higher for medications prescribed by physicians in the intervention group, as were patients’ ratings of new medication information transfer (P = .02). Independent of intervention or control groups, higher MCI scores were associated with better patient ratings about information about new prescriptions (P = .003). CONCLUSIONS A physician-targeted educational session improved the content of and enhanced patient ratings of physician communication about new medication prescriptions. Further work is required to assess whether improved communication stimulated by the intervention translates into better clinical outcomes. PMID:23319503

Tarn, Derjung M.; Paterniti, Debora A.; Orosz, Deborah K.; Tseng, Chi-Hong; Wenger, Neil S.

2013-01-01

386

Corpus of Electronic Texts (CELT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed at University College Cork, the Corpus of Electronic Texts project is intended "to bring the wealth of Irish literary and historical culture (in Irish, Latin, Anglo-Norman French, and English) to the Internet in a rigorously scholarly project." Additionally, the project is designed to be utilized by a wide group of interested parties, including students, academics, and the general public. Visitors may peruse the documents by language of original publication, or by viewing a complete list of all the works currently available (many in HTML or pdf format) from the project's website. Some of the rather compelling works available here include the complete works of Oscar Wilde, the political writings of Michael Collins, and various historical documents regarding the struggle for Irish independence. [KMG

387

Relative-partitioned index theorem.  

E-print Network

It seems that the index theory for non-compact spaces has found its ultimate formulation in realm of coarse spaces and $K$-theory of related operator algebras. Relative and partitioned index theorems may be mentioned as two important and interesting examples of this program. In this paper we formulate a combination of these two theorems and establish a partitioned-relative index theorem.

Moin Karami; Ahmad H. S. Sadegh; Mostafa E. Zadeh

388

Nuclear Energy Standards. KWIC index  

SciTech Connect

The KWIC Index is an alphabetical listing that provides rapid identification of NE standards based upon the specific subject areas. This index facilitates identification of a NE standard by major or key words located in the center of the alphabetical index listing. Alphanumerical designations for specific NE standards are shown in the right-hand column. Standards referenced in this listing include those that are active, inactive, or discontinued.

Not Available

1984-01-01

389

Medical Laboratory Technician (Chemistry and Urinalysis). (AFSC 92470).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-volume student text is designed for use by Air Force personnel enrolled in a self-study extension course for medical laboratory technicians. Covered in the individual volumes are medical laboratory administration and clinical chemistry (career opportunities, general laboratory safety and materials, general medical laboratory…

Thompson, Joselyn H.

390

Locating and parsing bibliographic references in HTML medical articles.  

PubMed

The set of references that typically appear toward the end of journal articles is sometimes, though not always, a field in bibliographic (citation) databases. But even if references do not constitute such a field, they can be useful as a preprocessing step in the automated extraction of other bibliographic data from articles, as well as in computer-assisted indexing of articles. Automation in data extraction and indexing to minimize human labor is key to the affordable creation and maintenance of large bibliographic databases. Extracting the components of references, such as author names, article title, journal name, publication date and other entities, is therefore a valuable and sometimes necessary task. This paper describes a two-step process using statistical machine learning algorithms, to first locate the references in HTML medical articles and then to parse them. Reference locating identifies the reference section in an article and then decomposes it into individual references. We formulate this step as a two-class classification problem based on text and geometric features. An evaluation conducted on 500 articles drawn from 100 medical journals achieves near-perfect precision and recall rates for locating references. Reference parsing identifies the components of each reference. For this second step, we implement and compare two algorithms. One relies on sequence statistics and trains a Conditional Random Field. The other focuses on local feature statistics and trains a Support Vector Machine to classify each individual word, followed by a search algorithm that systematically corrects low confidence labels if the label sequence violates a set of predefined rules. The overall performance of these two reference-parsing algorithms is about the same: above 99% accuracy at the word level, and over 97% accuracy at the chunk level. PMID:20640222

Zou, Jie; Le, Daniel; Thoma, George R

2010-06-01

391

Locating and parsing bibliographic references in HTML medical articles  

PubMed Central

The set of references that typically appear toward the end of journal articles is sometimes, though not always, a field in bibliographic (citation) databases. But even if references do not constitute such a field, they can be useful as a preprocessing step in the automated extraction of other bibliographic data from articles, as well as in computer-assisted indexing of articles. Automation in data extraction and indexing to minimize human labor is key to the affordable creation and maintenance of large bibliographic databases. Extracting the components of references, such as author names, article title, journal name, publication date and other entities, is therefore a valuable and sometimes necessary task. This paper describes a two-step process using statistical machine learning algorithms, to first locate the references in HTML medical articles and then to parse them. Reference locating identifies the reference section in an article and then decomposes it into individual references. We formulate this step as a two-class classification problem based on text and geometric features. An evaluation conducted on 500 articles drawn from 100 medical journals achieves near-perfect precision and recall rates for locating references. Reference parsing identifies the components of each reference. For this second step, we implement and compare two algorithms. One relies on sequence statistics and trains a Conditional Random Field. The other focuses on local feature statistics and trains a Support Vector Machine to classify each individual word, followed by a search algorithm that systematically corrects low confidence labels if the label sequence violates a set of predefined rules. The overall performance of these two reference-parsing algorithms is about the same: above 99% accuracy at the word level, and over 97% accuracy at the chunk level. PMID:20640222

Zou, Jie; Le, Daniel; Thoma, George R.

2010-01-01

392

Indexing Documents for Queries on Structure, Content and Attributes  

E-print Network

Indexing and retrieval techniques for large text databases are well developed, but most of the techniques developed to date assume that the text to be indexed has little or no structure. With the growth in the use of sophisticated markup languages for text, a database system for structured documents should use, not just document content, but structural information and attributes, and should support queries on content, structure and attributes. In this paper we review and compare two recent approaches for accessing document collections. For one of the approaches, position-based indexing, queries are resolved by manipulating ranges of word o sets while for the other, based on a path model, the position of a word is represented in terms of the structural components that enclose it. The former allows slightly smaller indexes; the latter allows more efficient query evaluation.

Ron Sacks-davis; Tuong Dao; James A. Thom; Justin Zobel

1997-01-01

393

Medications: Myths Versus Facts  

MedlinePLUS

... supplements can take a toll on your body’s chemistry and alter the effectiveness of some medications. One ... Many include stimulants that can have an adverse reaction with blood pressure medication, Dr. Fletcher said. “You ...

394

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

A medical device is any product used to diagnose, cure, or treat a condition, or to prevent disease. They range ... may need one in a hospital. To use medical devices safely Know how your device works. Keep instructions ...

395

Emergency Medical Services  

MedlinePLUS

... need help right away, you should use emergency medical services. These services use specially trained people and ... emergencies, you need help where you are. Emergency medical technicians, or EMTs, do specific rescue jobs. They ...

396

Mental Health Medications  

MedlinePLUS

... their doctor before stopping their medication. How are antipsychotics taken and how do people respond to them? ... gradually tapered off, never stopped suddenly. How do antipsychotics interact with other medications? Antipsychotics can produce unpleasant ...

397

Inhaled Asthma Medications  

MedlinePLUS

... metered – dose inhaler (MDI), which uses a chemical propellant to push the medication out of the inhaler. ... powder inhalers (DPIs) deliver medication without using chemical propellants, but they require a strong and fast inhalation. ...

398

General Medical Surveillance Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Background on the General Medical Surveillance Program at LeRC is presented. The purpose of the General Medical Surveillance Program at LeRC is outlined, and the specifics of the program are discussed.

1993-01-01

399

Using Medications Safely  

MedlinePLUS

... health systems play an important role in preventing medication errors. To make sure you use medicines safely and effectively, ASHP recommends that you: Keep a list of all medications that you take (prescribed drugs, nonprescription medicines, herbal ...

400

Medical Treatments for Fibroids  

MedlinePLUS

... Clinical Trials Resources and Publications En Español Medical Treatments for Fibroids Skip sharing on social media links Share this: ... the symptoms of fibroids. Once you stop the treatment, fibroids often grow back and symptoms return. Medications are ...

401

Hay Fever Medications  

MedlinePLUS

... fever symptoms. These medications prevent the effects of histamine during an allergic reaction. Antihistamines are available as ... allergens, the medication can prevent the release of histamine and other chemicals. As a result, allergy symptoms ...

402

Medical Physics Publishing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Medical Physics Publishing is a nonprofit, membership organization founded in 1985 to provide affordable books in medical physics and related fields. The books are written by and for technologists, physicists, residents, and radiologists

2003-10-10

403

Medication/Drug Allergy  

MedlinePLUS

... Allergy & Clinical Immunology View full profile Medication/Drug Allergy Allergies to medications/drugs are complicated because they ... Calendar Read the News View Daily Pollen Count Allergy Treatment Programs, Adult At National Jewish Health, some ...

404

American Medical Association  

MedlinePLUS

... language to describe healthcare services. AMA Code of Medical Ethics Since 1847, the AMA has provided guidance on ... Psychiatry JAMA Surgery Virtual Mentor - A Forum for Medical Ethics AMA Membership Join / Renew Your Membership AMA MVP ...

405

Selecting a Medical Professional  

MedlinePLUS

... Board of Directors Medical Advisory Board News ANA Annual Report Acoustic Neuroma Legacy Society Join/Renew Donate ANA ... Board of Directors Medical Advisory Board News ANA Annual Report Acoustic Neuroma Legacy Society Search ANAUSA.org Selecting ...

406

Curvature Index of Pincer Nail  

PubMed Central

Summary: Pincer nails are a common problem, and various treatments have been reported. However, there is no simple assessment of severity. We designed a curvature index for the nail plate to assess the severity of pincer nail. Measurement of the curvature index was as follows. The apparent width of the nail tip was defined as A, and the traced length of the nail tip was defined as B. The curvature index was defined as B divided by A (B/A). With this curvature index, it is easy to describe the severity of the pincer nail and to compare the improvement before and after treatment. PMID:25289244

2013-01-01

407

Computer aided indexing at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The application of computer technology to the construction of the NASA Thesaurus and in NASA Lexical Dictionary development is discussed in a brief overview. Consideration is given to the printed and online versions of the Thesaurus, retrospective indexing, the NASA RECON frequency command, demand indexing, lists of terms by category, and the STAR and IAA annual subject indexes. The evolution of computer methods in the Lexical Dictionary program is traced, from DOD and DOE subject switching to LCSH machine-aided indexing and current techniques for handling natural language (e.g., the elimination of verbs to facilitate breakdown of sentences into words and phrases).

Buchan, Ronald L.

1987-01-01

408

Mass and Volume Optimization of Space Flight Medical Kits  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Resource allocation is a critical aspect of space mission planning. All resources, including medical resources, are subject to a number of mission constraints such a maximum mass and volume. However, unlike many resources, there is often limited understanding in how to optimize medical resources for a mission. The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) is a probabilistic model that estimates medical event occurrences and mission outcomes for different mission profiles. IMM simulates outcomes and describes the impact of medical events in terms of lost crew time, medical resource usage, and the potential for medically required evacuation. Previously published work describes an approach that uses the IMM to generate optimized medical kits that maximize benefit to the crew subject to mass and volume constraints. We improve upon the results obtained previously and extend our approach to minimize mass and volume while meeting some benefit threshold. METHODS We frame the medical kit optimization problem as a modified knapsack problem and implement an algorithm utilizing dynamic programming. Using this algorithm, optimized medical kits were generated for 3 mission scenarios with the goal of minimizing the medical kit mass and volume for a specified likelihood of evacuation or Crew Health Index (CHI) threshold. The algorithm was expanded to generate medical kits that maximize likelihood of evacuation or CHI subject to mass and volume constraints. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS In maximizing benefit to crew health subject to certain constraints, our algorithm generates medical kits that more closely resemble the unlimited-resource scenario than previous approaches which leverage medical risk information generated by the IMM. Our work here demonstrates that this algorithm provides an efficient and effective means to objectively allocate medical resources for spaceflight missions and provides an effective means of addressing tradeoffs in medical resource allocations and crew mission success parameters.

Keenan, A. B.; Foy, Millennia Hope; Myers, Jerry

2014-01-01

409

NASA Uniform Files Index  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This handbook is a guide for the use of all personnel engaged in handling NASA files. It is issued in accordance with the regulations of the National Archives and Records Administration, in the Code of Federal Regulations Title 36, Part 1224, Files Management; and the Federal Information Resources Management Regulation, Subpart 201-45.108, Files Management. It is intended to provide a standardized classification and filing scheme to achieve maximum uniformity and ease in maintaining and using agency records. It is a framework for consistent organization of information in an arrangement that will be useful to current and future researchers. The NASA Uniform Files Index coding structure is composed of the subject classification table used for NASA management directives and the subject groups in the NASA scientific and technical information system. It is designed to correlate files throughout NASA and it is anticipated that it may be useful with automated filing systems. It is expected that in the conversion of current files to this arrangement it will be necessary to add tertiary subjects and make further subdivisions under the existing categories. Established primary and secondary subject categories may not be changed arbitrarily. Proposals for additional subject categories of NASA-wide applicability, and suggestions for improvement in this handbook, should be addressed to the Records Program Manager at the pertinent installation who will forward it to the NASA Records Management Office, Code NTR, for approval. This handbook is issued in loose-leaf form and will be revised by page changes.

1987-01-01

410

QT Variability Index.  

PubMed

The QT Variability Index (QTVI) is a non-invasive measure of repolarization lability that has been applied to a wide variety of subjects with cardiovascular disease. It is a ratio of normalized QT variability to normalized heart rate variability, and therefore includes an assessment of autonomic nervous system tone. The approach assesses beat-to-beat variability in the duration of the QT and U wave in conventional surface electrocardiographic recordings, as well as determines the heart rate variability (HRV) from the same recording. As opposed to T wave alternans, QTVI assesses variance in repolarization at all frequencies. Nineteen studies have published data on QTVI in healthy individuals, while 20 have evaluated its performance in cohorts with cardiovascular disease. Six studies have assessed the utility of QTVI in predicting VT/VF, cardiac arrest, or cardiovascular death. A prospective study utilizing QTVI to determine therapy allocation has not been performed, and therefore the final determination of the value of the metric awaits definitive exploration. PMID:24215750

Dobson, Craig P; Kim, Andrew; Haigney, Mark

2013-01-01

411

Applied Parallel Metadata Indexing  

SciTech Connect

The GPFS Archive is parallel archive is a parallel archive used by hundreds of users in the Turquoise collaboration network. It houses 4+ petabytes of data in more than 170 million files. Currently, users must navigate the file system to retrieve their data, requiring them to remember file paths and names. A better solution might allow users to tag data with meaningful labels and searach the archive using standard and user-defined metadata, while maintaining security. last summer, I developed the backend to a tool that adheres to these design goals. The backend works by importing GPFS metadata into a MongoDB cluster, which is then indexed on each attribute. This summer, the author implemented security and developed the user interfae for the search tool. To meet security requirements, each database table is associated with a single user, which only stores records that the user may read, and requires a set of credentials to access. The interface to the search tool is implemented using FUSE (Filesystem in USErspace). FUSE is an intermediate layer that intercepts file system calls and allows the developer to redefine how those calls behave. In the case of this tool, FUSE interfaces with MongoDB to issue queries and populate output. A FUSE implementation is desirable because it allows users to interact with the search tool using commands they are already familiar with. These security and interface additions are essential for a usable product.

Jacobi, Michael R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-01

412

Combined relational and textual retrieval in a medical image archive  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the Center for Imaging Systems Optimization's (CISO) initial efforts to develop a query system that will enhance medical image archive retrieval. As medical archive systems become more commonplace, it is important to examine the system architecture, associate data types, and query support required to effectively take advantage of these systems. Our implementation is a federated system of a relational database, textual database, and image server. The architecture is based on a client-server, extended relational data model. Access is possible through an X window compatible query interface. The data scheme is based on inclusive divisions of the data by patient, study, series, and images. These support patient history, study diagnosis, series protocols, and image observations. This scheme defines four tables in the relational database and four text fields. Acquired images are stored in the image archive, while associated header data is mapped into the relational tables. Dictated readings and other textual information is added and indexed to the image as it is acquired. This system supports a wide range of ad hoc queries based on any or all of the four data categories.

Yamashita, Craig; Zick, Gregory L.

1993-09-01

413

Medical and biomedical research productivity from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (2008-2012)  

PubMed Central

Background: Biomedical publications from a country mirror the standard of Medical Education and practice in that country. It is important that the performance of the health profession is occasionally documented. Aims: This study aimed to analyze the quantity and quality of biomedical publications from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in international journals indexed in PubMed between 2008 and 2012. Materials and Methods: PubMed was searched for publications associated with KSA from 2008 to 2012. The search was limited to medical and biomedical subjects. Results were saved in a text file and later checked carefully to exclude false positive errors. The quality of the publication was assessed using Journal Citation Report 2012. Results: Biomedical research production in KSA in those 5 years showed a clear linear progression. Riyadh was the main hub of medical and biomedical research activity. Most of the publications (40.9%) originated from King Saud University (KSU). About half of the articles were published in journals with an Impact Factor (IF) of < 1, one-fourth in journals with no IF, and the remaining one-fourth in journals with a high IF (?1). Conclusion: This study revealed that research activity in KSA is increasing. However, there is an increasing trend of publishing in local journals with a low IF. More effort is required to promote medical research in Saudi Arabia. PMID:25657608

Latif, Rabia

2015-01-01

414

[Medical leadership competency].  

PubMed

With all these changes in health care systems the physicians' professional duties are about to undergo changes as well. Especially economic, administrative and legal aspects are becoming more and more important in medical care. In order to take responsibility with respect to leadership aspects a profound professionalisation is required. The Curriculum Medical Leadership edited by the German Medical Association provides an extensive example of a framework for continuing professional development (CPD) courses in medical leadership. PMID:19545080

Barth, Sonja; Jonitz, Günther

2009-01-01

415

Environmental Terminology Index (Permuted Index). Volume 2. Preliminary Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Environmental Terminology Index or Thesaurus was developed to help meet the urgent need for world-wide communication on practical as well as basic environmental problems. This working draft of the Index includes terms in the areas of physical sciences, social sciences, earth sciences, biology, and ecology. This edition of the thesaurus…

Oak Ridge National Lab., TN.

416

MakeIndex : An Index Processor For LATEX Leslie Lamport  

E-print Network

's often hard to distinguish common sense from equally common nonsense, professional advice is useful. Many in this way. An index is there to help the reader find what he's looking for. With this in mind, common sense can help in figuring out what should be in the index and how it should be organized. Since it

Mintmire, John W.

417

On updating problems in latent semantic indexing  

SciTech Connect

The authors develop new SVD-updating algorithms for three types of updating problems arising from Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) for information retrieval to deal with rapidly changing text document collections. They also provide theoretical justification for using a reduced-dimension representation of the original document collection in the updating process. Numerical experiments using several standard text document collections show that the new algorithms give higher (interpolated) average precisions than the existing algorithms and the retrieval accuracy is comparable to that obtained using the complete document collection.

Simon, H.D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Zha, H. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering

1997-11-01

418

History of Medical Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the development of basic radiation physics that underlies much of today's medical physics and looks separately at the historical development of two major subfields of medical physics: radiation therapy and nuclear medicine. Indicates that radiation physics has made important contributions to solving biomedical problems in medical

Laughlin, John S.

1983-01-01

419

MEDICAL EDUCATION FACULTY DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

MEDICAL EDUCATION FACULTY DEVELOPMENT GRANT APPLICATION Purpose The Office of the Associate Dean for Faculty Development ­ Medical Education is pleased to announce a new pilot program to support faculty development in medical education at all levels. Faculty Development grants are awards given to faculty who

Goldman, Steven A.

420

Continuing Medical 2015 Conferences  

E-print Network

Office of Continuing Medical Education 2015 Conferences March 20-21, 2015 ~ http://tinyurl.com/mr6 to Practice UC Davis Conference Center Davis, California September 19-20, 2015 Ultrasound Update 2015 Hilton Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

421

The Integrated Medical Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the goals and approach for the Integrated Medical Model (IMM). The IMM is a software decision support tool that forecasts medical events during spaceflight and optimizes medical systems during simulations. It includes information on the software capabilities, program stakeholders, use history, and the software logic.

Butler, Douglas J.; Kerstman, Eric

2010-01-01

422

Marijuana: Modern Medical Chimaera  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Marijuana has been used medically since antiquity. In recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in medical applications of various cannabis preparations. These drugs have been cited in the medical literature as potential secondary treatment agents for severe pain, muscle spasticity, anorexia, nausea, sleep disturbances, and numerous…

Lamarine, Roland J.

2012-01-01

423

Considering a Medical Career  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains resources for those interested in pursuing a medical career. There is information on applying to medical school and making financial arrangements to pay for schooling, possible careers options within the medical field, and a listing of accredited degree programs.

Colleges, The A.

2009-03-16

424

Trends of E-Learning Research from 2000 to 2008: Use of Text Mining and Bibliometrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the longitudinal trends of e-learning research using text mining techniques. Six hundred and eighty-nine (689) refereed journal articles and proceedings were retrieved from the Science Citation Index/Social Science Citation Index database in the period from 2000 to 2008. All e-learning publications were grouped into two…

Hung, Jui-long

2012-01-01

425

Energy and Latency-Efficient Processing of Full-Text Searches on a Wireless Broadcast Stream  

Microsoft Academic Search

In wireless mobile computing environments, broadcasting is an effective and scalable technique to disseminate information to a massive number of clients, wherein the energy usage and latency are considered major concerns. This paper presents an indexing scheme for the energy- and latency-efficient processing of full-text searches over the wireless broadcast data stream. Although a lot of access methods and index

Yon Dohn Chung; Sanghyun Yoo; Myoung-Ho Kim

2010-01-01

426

34 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

...false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Education Regulations of...Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 1 Preamble paragraph...

2014-07-01

427

34 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Education Regulations of...Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 1 Preamble paragraph...

2012-07-01

428

34 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Education Regulations of...Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 1 Preamble paragraph...

2013-07-01

429

34 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Education Regulations of...Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 1 Preamble paragraph...

2011-07-01

430

34 CFR Subject Index to Title Ix... - Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 Education Regulations of...Index Subject Index to Title IX Preamble and Regulation 1 1 Preamble paragraph...

2010-07-01

431

Automatic annotation of multilingual text collections with a conceptual thesaurus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Automatic annotation of documents,with controlled vocabulary terms (descriptors) from a conceptual ,thesaurus is not only useful for document ,indexing ,and ,re- trieval. The mapping ,of texts ,onto the same thesaurus furthermore allows to es- tablish links between ,similar documents. This is also a substantial requirement of the Semantic Web. This paper presents analmost,language-independent system that maps,documents,written in different languages,onto

Bruno Pouliquen; Ralf Steinberger; Camelia Ignat

2006-01-01

432

Glycaemic index of foods.  

PubMed

From the mid-1970s several groups realized progressively that the same amounts of carbohydrates in different foods produce quite different blood glucose curves after ingestion. The glycaemic index (GI) was introduced by Jenkins to express the rise of blood glucose after eating a food against a standard blood glucose curve after glucose (or white bread) in the same subject. The GI ranges from about 20 for fructose and whole barley to about 100 for glucose and baked potato. A table is given of representative GI values. There appears to be no general correlation between GI and per cent resistant starch in foods. Questions about methodology for GI are discussed and the factors in food that affect glycaemic response are briefly reviewed. The GI is affected by the physical form of a food, by processing and by associated fat in the food, which reduces the GI, presumably by delayed gastric emptying. As a rule the degree of insulin response to carbohydrate-containing foods is similar to the glycaemic response. Most investigators have found that the GI of a meal of mixed foods can be predicted from the (weighted) GI of its constituent foods. The GI concept is proving useful in dietary design for the management of diabetes mellitus, especially the non-insulin-dependent type. It may prove useful for prevention of diabetes and perhaps also in pre-event meals for athletes, as a factor in dental cariogenesis, in determining satiety, and conceivably regular low GI foods could delay ageing by reducing glycosylation of body proteins. PMID:1330533

Truswell, A S

1992-10-01

433

Prevention of medication errors.  

PubMed

Medication error is the most frequent source of medical error that is associated with adverse events, and, in many cases, is preventable. Medication errors can occur at any step in the medication process. Medication error prevention and reduction begins with a systematic approach to their detection. An important approach to mitigating errors involves the reduction of variation in task performance using tested techniques and technologies from other industries. The most important component of error prevention and reduction is the proactive promotion of a safety culture by organizational leadership, with sustained education and support for users. PMID:15777824

Lehmann, Christoph U; Kim, George R

2005-03-01

434

Therapeutic Antioxidant Medical Gas  

PubMed Central

Medical gases are pharmaceutical gaseous molecules which offer solutions to medical needs and include traditional gases, such as oxygen and nitrous oxide, as well as gases with recently discovered roles as biological messenger molecules, such as carbon monoxide, nitric oxide and hydrogen sulphide. Medical gas therapy is a relatively unexplored field of medicine; however, a recent increasing in the number of publications on medical gas therapies clearly indicate that there are significant opportunities for use of gases as therapeutic tools for a variety of disease conditions. In this article, we review the recent advances in research on medical gases with antioxidant properties and discuss their clinical applications and therapeutic properties. PMID:19177183

Nakao, Atsunori; Sugimoto, Ryujiro; Billiar, Timothy R; McCurry, Kenneth R

2009-01-01

435

Linguistic Indexicality in Algebra Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussion-oriented classrooms, students create mathematical ideas through conversations that reflect growing collective knowledge. Linguistic forms known as indexicals assist in the analysis of this collective, negotiated understanding. Indexical words and phrases create meaning through reference to the physical, verbal and ideational context.…

Staats, Susan; Batteen, Chris

2010-01-01

436

Energy Efficient Indexing on Air  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider wireless broadcasting of data as a way of disseminatinginformation to a massive number of users. Organizingand accessing information on wireless communicationchannels is different from the problem of organizing and accessingdata on the disk. We describe two methods, (1; m)Indexing and Distributed Indexing, for organizing and accessingbroadcast data. We demonstrate that the proposedalgorithms lead to significant improvement of battery

Tomasz Imielinski; S. Viswanathan; B. R. Badrinath

1994-01-01

437

Indexes of Overall Diet Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the published indexes of overall diet quality. Approaches used for measuring overall diet quality include those based on examination of the intake of nutrients, food groups, or a combination of both. A majority of the indexes have been examined in relation to nutrient adequacy only; few have been evaluated for assessment of quality according to current dietary

ASHIMA K. KANT

1996-01-01

438

Guide to Indexing "The Forum."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents the policies and procedures used by the North Dakota State University Libraries for indexing "The Forum," a daily newspaper serving eastern North Dakota and western Minnesota. The guide includes lists of material to be included and excluded, timetables for updating the index, duties of the editor and the library clerk, rules…

Bakken, Lori; Miller, Michael M.

439

Index of Refraction without Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents several activities that permit students to determine the index of refraction of transparent solids and liquids using simple equipment without the need for geometrical relationships, special lighting or optical instruments. Graphical analysis of the measured data is shown to be a useful method for determining the index of…

Farkas, N.; Henriksen, P. N.; Ramsier, R. D.

2006-01-01

440

Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prognosis of follicular lymphomas (FL) is heterogeneous and numerous treatments may be proposed. A validated prognostic index (PI) would help in evalu- ating and choosing these treatments. Characteristics at diagnosis were col- lected from 4167 patients with FL diag- nosed between 1985 and 1992. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to propose a PI. This index was then tested

Philippe Solal-Celigny; Pascal Roy; Philippe Colombat; Josephine White; Jim O. Armitage; Reyes Arranz-Saez; Wing Y. Au; Monica Bellei; Pauline Brice; Dolores Caballero; Bertrand Coiffier; Eulogio Conde-Garcia; Chantal Doyen; Massimo Federico; Richard I. Fisher; Javier F. Garcia-Conde; Cesare Guglielmi; Michael LeBlanc; Andrew T. Lister; Armando Lopez-Guillermo; Peter McLaughlin; Noel Milpied; Nicolas Mounier; Stephen J. Proctor; Ama Rohatiner; Paul Smith; Umberto Vitolo; Pier-Luigi Zinzani; Emanuele Zucca; Emili Montserrat; J. Bernard; Hopital H. Mondor; M. D. Anderson; CHU L. Huriez

2004-01-01

441

Analysis of Medication Error Reports  

SciTech Connect

In medicine, as in many areas of research, technological innovation and the shift from paper based information to electronic records has created a climate of ever increasing availability of raw data. There has been, however, a corresponding lag in our abilities to analyze this overwhelming mass of data, and classic forms of statistical analysis may not allow researchers to interact with data in the most productive way. This is true in the emerging area of patient safety improvement. Traditionally, a majority of the analysis of error and incident reports has been carried out based on an approach of data comparison, and starts with a specific question which needs to be answered. Newer data analysis tools have been developed which allow the researcher to not only ask specific questions but also to “mine” data: approach an area of interest without preconceived questions, and explore the information dynamically, allowing questions to be formulated based on patterns brought up by the data itself. Since 1991, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) has been collecting data on medication errors through voluntary reporting programs. USP’s MEDMARXsm reporting program is the largest national medication error database and currently contains well over 600,000 records. Traditionally, USP has conducted an annual quantitative analysis of data derived from “pick-lists” (i.e., items selected from a list of items) without an in-depth analysis of free-text fields. In this paper, the application of text analysis and data analysis tools used by Battelle to analyze the medication error reports already analyzed in the traditional way by USP is described. New insights and findings were revealed including the value of language normalization and the distribution of error incidents by day of the week. The motivation for this effort is to gain additional insight into the nature of medication errors to support improvements in medication safety.

Whitney, Paul D.; Young, Jonathan; Santell, John; Hicks, Rodney; Posse, Christian; Fecht, Barbara A.

2004-11-15

442

The Nurse's Medication Day  

PubMed Central

The medication administration stage of the medication-use process is especially vulnerable to error because errors are least likely to be caught before reaching the patient. Medication administration, however, remains poorly understood. In this article we describe medication administration as observed in an ethnographic study conducted on one medical and one surgical unit. A central finding was that medication administration entailed a complex mixture of varied and often competing demands that temporally structured the nurses' entire workday. Articulation work was evident in time management strategies nurses used to handle demands from institutional policies, technical devices, patients, the physical environment, and the medications themselves. The average number of doses of medication per patient was more than double the number policy groups have indicated. Medication administration is neither simply the giving of drugs nor does it have clearly defined temporal boundaries. Because of its inseparability from other nurses' work, medication administration inherently entails interruption, thereby calling into question the current emphasis on reducing interruptions as a tactic to decrease medication errors. PMID:21693688

Jennings, Bonnie Mowinski; Sandelowski, Margarete; Mark, Barbara

2014-01-01

443

The medicalization of life  

PubMed Central

Two contributions from Dr Ivan Illich follow. The first, in which he sets out his primary thesis of the medicalization of life, is a section from Dr Illich's book `Medical Nemesis'. (It is reprinted with the permission of the author and his publishers, Messrs Calder and Boyars.) The second is a transcript of the paper which Dr Illich read at the conference organized by the London Medical Group on iatrogenic disease. Both are ultimately addressed to the recipients of medical care, the general public, although the second paper is specifically addressed to young doctors and medical students. For Dr Illich the world is suffering from too much medical interference, and a medical edifice has been built which is one of the threats to the real life of human beings - a threat which so far has been disguised as care. PMID:809583

Illich, Ivan

1975-01-01

444

Online Medical Terminology Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For those entering the medical field, developing a working knowledge of medical terminology can be a daunting task. Des Moines University provides this short introductory course, which allows the user to develop a basic understanding of the origin and composition of medical terms. The course is divided into thirteen sections based on the different systems of the body (circulatory, nervous, digestive, respiratory, urinary, reproductive and musculoskeletal) and also defines words pertaining to cancer and medication. The site supplies not only the definitions of three hundred terms, but the skills to evaluate and understand new terms as well. This is an excellent resource for medical administrative staff, assistants, transcriptionists and anyone else entering the medical field with little or no previous experience in medical terminology.

2007-02-25

445

Index wiki database: design and experiments  

E-print Network

With the fantastic growth of Internet usage, information search in documents of a special type called a "wiki page" that is written using a simple markup language, has become an important problem. This paper describes the software architectural model for indexing wiki texts in three languages (Russian, English, and German) and the interaction between the software components (GATE, Lemmatizer, and Synarcher). The inverted file index database was designed using visual tool DBDesigner. The rules for parsing Wikipedia texts are illustrated by examples. Two index databases of Russian Wikipedia (RW) and Simple English Wikipedia (SEW) are built and compared. The size of RW is by order of magnitude higher than SEW (number of words, lexemes), though the growth rate of number of pages in SEW was found to be 12% higher than in Russian, and the rate of acquisition of new words in SEW lexicon was 6% higher during a period of five months (from September 2007 to February 2008). The Zipf's law was tested with both Russian an...

Krizhanovsky, A A

2008-01-01

446

Temporal reasoning over clinical text: the state of the art  

PubMed Central

Objectives To provide an overview of the problem of temporal reasoning over clinical text and to summarize the state of the art in clinical natural language processing for this task. Target audience This overview targets medical informatics researchers who are unfamiliar with the problems and applications of temporal reasoning over clinical text. Scope We review the major applications of text-based temporal reasoning, describe the challenges for software systems handling temporal information in clinical text, and give an overview of the state of the art. Finally, we present some perspectives on future research directions that emerged during the recent community-wide challenge on text-based temporal reasoning in the clinical domain. PMID:23676245

Sun, Weiyi; Rumshisky, Anna; Uzuner, Ozlem

2013-01-01

447

Risk of endometrial cancer in relation to medical conditions and medication use  

PubMed Central

We studied the relation of medical conditions related to obesity and medications used for these conditions with endometrial cancer. We also investigated the association of other medical conditions and medications with risk. This US population-based case-control study included 469 endometrial cancer cases and 467 controls. Information on putative risk factors for endometrial cancer was collected through personal interviews. We asked women about their medical history and medications used for six months or longer and the number of years each medication was taken. Risk was strongly associated with increasing obesity (p for trend <0.001). Among conditions related to obesity, and after adjustment for age, body mass index (BMI), and other risk factors and conditions, uterine fibroids were independently related to an increased cancer risk (adjusted OR= 1.8, 95%CI= 1.2–2.5). Although hypertension was not significantly related to endometrial cancer after adjustment for age and BMI, use of thiazide diuretics was independently associated with an increased risk (OR= 1.8, 95%CI= 1.1–3.0). Anemia was associated with decreased risk (OR= 0.6, 95%CI= 0.5–0.9). Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs was related to a decreased risk (OR= 0.7, 95%CI= 0.5–0.97). To our knowledge, the observation about thiazide diuretics is novel and requires confirmation in other studies and populations. PMID:19383893

Fortuny, Joan; Sima, Camelia; Bayuga, Sharon; Wilcox, Homer; Pulick, Katherine; Faulkner, Shameka; Zauber, Ann G.; Olson, Sara H.

2009-01-01

448

Reprocessing of Reusable Medical Devices  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail ... Reusable Medical Devices or Reprocessing Reprocessing of Reusable Medical Devices Reusable medical devices are devices that health care ...

449

Lancaster Medical School Admissions Policy  

E-print Network

Lancaster Medical School Admissions Policy Introduction: About our medical degree programme The medical degree programme at Lancaster University aims to equip graduates with the requisite knowledge placement is encouraged through frequent, timely feedback and the annual appraisal scheme. Lancaster Medical

Diggle, Peter J.

450

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

451

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2010 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

452

Text analytics for life science using the Unstructured Information Management Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomedical text plays a fundamental role in knowledge discovery in life science, in both basic research (in the field of bioinformatics) and in industry sectors devoted to improving medical practice, drug development, and health care (such as medical informatics, clinical genomics, and other sectors). Several groups in the IBM Research Division are collaborating on the development of a prototype system

Robert L. Mack; Sougata Mukherjea; Aya Soffer; Naohiko Uramoto; Eric W. Brown; Anni Coden; James W. Cooper; Akihiro Inokuchi; Bhavani Iyer; Yosi Mass; Hirofumi Matsuzawa; L. Venkata Subramaniam

2004-01-01

453

Enriching text with images and colored light  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an unsupervised method to enrich textual applications with relevant images and colors. The images are collected by querying large image repositories and subsequently the colors are computed using image processing. A prototype system based on this method is presented where the method is applied to song lyrics. In combination with a lyrics synchronization algorithm the system produces a rich multimedia experience. In order to identify terms within the text that may be associated with images and colors, we select noun phrases using a part of speech tagger. Large image repositories are queried with these terms. Per term representative colors are extracted using the collected images. Hereto, we either use a histogram-based or a mean shift-based algorithm. The representative color extraction uses the non-uniform distribution of the colors found in the large repositories. The images that are ranked best by the search engine are displayed on a screen, while the extracted representative colors are rendered on controllable lighting devices in the living room. We evaluate our method by comparing the computed colors to standard color representations of a set of English color terms. A second evaluation focuses on the distance in color between a queried term in English and its translation in a foreign language. Based on results from three sets of terms, a measure of suitability of a term for color extraction based on KL Divergence is proposed. Finally, we compare the performance of the algorithm using either the automatically indexed repository of Google Images and the manually annotated Flickr.com. Based on the results of these experiments, we conclude that using the presented method we can compute the relevant color for a term using a large image repository and image processing.

Sekulovski, Dragan; Geleijnse, Gijs; Kater, Bram; Korst, Jan; Pauws, Steffen; Clout, Ramon

2008-01-01

454

Medical Physicists and AAPM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), a member society of the AIP is the largest professional society of medical physicists in the world with nearly 5700 members. Members operate in medical centers, university and community hospitals, research laboratories, industry, and private practice. Medical physics specialties include radiation therapy physics, medical diagnostic and imaging physics, nuclear medicine physics, and medical radiation safety. The majority of AAPM members are based in hospital departments of radiation oncology or radiology and provide technical support for patient diagnosis and treatment in a clinical environment. Job functions include support of clinical care, calibration and quality assurance of medical devices such as linear accelerators for cancer therapy, CT, PET, MRI, and other diagnostic imaging devices, research, and teaching. Pathways into a career in medical physics require an advanced degree in medical physics, physics, engineering, or closely related field, plus clinical training in one or more medical physics specialties (radiation therapy physics, imaging physics, or radiation safety). Most clinically based medical physicists also obtain certification from the American Board of Radiology, and some states require licensure as well.

Amols, Howard

2006-03-01

455

Telepresence index for bilateral teleoperations.  

PubMed

This paper proposes a performance index called telepresence index for bilateral teleoperation, which can be used both for the performance evaluation of bilateral control architectures and for design purposes. This index is intended to represent a comprehensive performance objective consisting of transparency and kinematic correspondence, which are two major performance objectives of bilateral teleoperation. In order to quantify the performance objective, telepresence index has employed the error vector magnitude, which enables a seamless combination of magnitude and phase errors and the accommodation of time delay. In comparison with existing performance indices, it was observed that telepresence index possesses the comprehensiveness of performance objectives, magnitude/phase integrity, and the capacity to include time delay, which the others lack in one way or another. The index was applied to evaluate the performances of two widely known control architectures: PD-type bilateral control and Ueda's ideal control. In all cases, telepresence index has been compared favorably with the other indices in terms of clarity, convenience, and accuracy, thereby demonstrating its superiority. PMID:21824852

Chang, Pyung Hun; Kim, Jonghyun

2012-02-01

456

INDEXING THE APPROXIMATE NUMBER SYSTEM Indexing the Approximate Number System  

E-print Network

; Pica, Lemer, Izard, & Dehaene, 2004). Some researchers have hypothesised that the ANS is the cognitive, suggesting that an ANS deficit may #12;INDEXING THE APPROXIMATE NUMBER SYSTEM 4 be the cause of mathematical

Inglis, Matthew

457

A multi-agent softbot to retrieve medical information on Internet.  

PubMed

World-Wide Web is a media where information is unstructured, distributed, multimedia and multilingual. Many tools have been developed to help users search for information: subject hierarchies, general search engines, browsers and search assistants. Although helpful, they show serious limitations, mainly in terms of precision, multilingual indexing and distribution. The M.A.R.V.I.N. project (Multi Agent Retrieval Vagabond on Information Networks) proposes solutions with a distribution of the indexing task in agents specialized in a given domain. M.A.R.V.I.N. has been successfully applied to the medical domain. The medical index and its associated search engine MedHunt (Medical Hunter) demonstrate the interest of such an approach with currently 50,000 indexed medical sites and more than 100,000 accesses each month. PMID:10384437

Baujard, O; Baujard, V; Aurel, S; Boyer, C; Appel, R D

1998-01-01

458

Approaches for adaptive database reduction for Text-To-Speech synthesis Aleksandra Krul 1,2  

E-print Network

Approaches for adaptive database reduction for Text-To-Speech synthesis Aleksandra Krul 1,2 , G This paper raises the issue of speech database reduction adapted to a specific domain for Text-To-Speech (TTS measures. Index Terms: text-to-speech synthesis, corpus reduction, database adaptation, KL divergence 1

Yvon, François

459

Functional Semantic Categories for Art History Text: Human Labeling and Preliminary Machine Learning ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CLiMB project investigates semi-automatic methods to extract descriptive metadata from texts for indexing digital image collections. We devel- oped a set of functional semantic categories to classify text extracts that describe images. Each semantic category names a functional relation between an image depicting a work of art historical significance, and expository text associated with the image. This includes description

Rebecca J. Passonneau; Tae Yano; Tom Lippincott; Judith Klavans

460

Medical School AdmissionsMedical School AdmissionsMedical School AdmissionsMedical School Admissions Monday, April 23rd  

E-print Network

Medical School AdmissionsMedical School AdmissionsMedical School AdmissionsMedical School Part 1: Admissions Presentations and Upcoming Changes in Medical Education, 6:30 ­ 8:00 pm · Greg. of Admissions: The Medical College of Wisconsin · Kurt Hansen Asst. Dean of Admissions: UW School of Medicine

Sheridan, Jennifer

461

Medical Research: What's it worth?  

E-print Network

Medical Research: What's it worth? Estimating the economic benefits from medical research in the UK For the Medical Research Council, the Wellcome Trust and the Academy of Medical Sciences November 2008 #12;a2 Medical Research: What's it worth? Estimating the economic benefits from medical research in the UK Report

Rambaut, Andrew

462

Social Security Death Index (SSDI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Social Security Death Index (SSDI), provided by Infobases, Inc., is a searchable database of the Death Master File (DMF) from the Social Security Administration (SSA). DMF "contains over 50 million records created from SSA payment records." The database can contain name, social security number, date of birth, date of death, and last residence/lump sum payment information when available, and can be searched on those criteria. Search help is available from the home page. Note that this is not an index of everyone who has died in the United States, but rather an index of people who had Social Security Benefits when they died.

1998-01-01

463

Integrated clinical workstations for image and text data capture, display, and teleconsultation.  

PubMed

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) DHCP Imaging System digitally records clinically significant diagnostic images selected by medical specialists in a variety of hospital departments, including radiology, cardiology, gastroenterology, pathology, dermatology, hematology, surgery, podiatry, dental clinic, and emergency room. These images, which include true color and gray scale images, scanned documents, and electrocardiogram waveforms, are stored on network file servers and displayed on workstations located throughout a medical center. All images are managed by the VA's hospital information system (HIS), allowing integrated displays of text and image data from all medical specialties. Two VA medical centers currently have DHCP Imaging Systems installed, and other installations are underway. PMID:7949899

Dayhoff, R; Kuzmak, P M; Kirin, G

1994-01-01

464

Medical education in Malaysia.  

PubMed

Malaysia has a long history of medical education, with Singapore becoming the first medical school to serve the region after its foundation in 1905. The first school to be established in Kuala Lumpur after independence from the British was the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Malaya in 1963. Whilst today there are 21 public and private medical schools, all offering a 5 year undergraduate programme, some private schools have diversified by developing international collaboration and conduct twinning or credit-transfer programmes. All medical schools require accreditation by the National Accreditation Board and the Malaysian Medical Council. Although the criteria for accreditation is comprehensive and covers a broad range of areas of assessment, it is debatable whether it always matches the needs of the country. The dramatic increase in medical schools in the last two decades has posed challenges in terms of maintenance of quality, physical infrastructure and suitably qualified faculty. PMID:18464135

Lim, Victor K E

2008-01-01

465

What is the coverage of SNOMED CT®on scientific medical corpora?  

PubMed

This paper reports on the results of a large scale mapping of SNOMED CT on scientific medical corpora. The aim is to automatically access the validity, reliability and coverage of the Swedish SNOMED-CT translation, the largest, most extensive available resource of medical terminology. The method described here is based on the generation of predominantly safe harbor term variants which together with simple linguistic processing and the already available SNOMED term content are mapped to large corpora. The results show that term variations are very frequent and this may have implication on technological applications (such as indexing and information retrieval, decision support systems, text mining) using SNOMED CT. Naïve approaches to terminology mapping and indexing would critically affect the performance, success and results of such applications. SNOMED CT appears not well-suited for automatically capturing the enormous variety of concepts in scientific corpora (only 6,3% of all SNOMED terms could be directly matched to the corpus) unless extensive variant forms are generated and fuzzy and partial matching techniques are applied with the risk of allowing the recognition of a large number of false positives and spurious results. PMID:21893860

Kokkinakis, Dimitrios

2011-01-01

466

Career Investigation: Medical Illustration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Believe it or not, artists can actually have careers in their passion area. Dig deeper into Medical Illustration, a field requiring a mind for science and a talent for drawing. Aspects covered include an overview, work environment, high school preparation, college requirements and career outlook (including salary). Medical Illustration Medical Illustrators are those rare individuals who have both a demonstrated artistic ability and a detailed knowledge of human and animal anatomy, as well as ...

Ms. Dobyns

2011-12-11

467

Skylab medical technology utilization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To perform the extensive medical experimentation on man in a long-term, zero-g environment, new medical measuring and monitoring equipment had to be developed, new techniques in training and operations were required, and new methods of collecting and analyzing the great amounts of medical data were developed. Examples of technology transfers to the public sector resulted from the development of new equipment, methods, techniques, and data. This paper describes several of the examples that stemmed directly from Skylab technology.

Stonesifer, J. C.

1974-01-01

468

Anxiety and medical disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety symptoms and disorders are associated with a range of general medical disorders. This association may be a physiologic\\u000a consequence of the general medical disorder, a psychologic reaction to the experience of having a medical illness, a side\\u000a effect of treatment, or a chance occurrence. This article briefly reviews the associations of panic disorder with seizure\\u000a disorder, Klüver-Bucy syndrome, mitral

Jacqueline E. Muller; Liezl Koen; Dan J. Stein

2005-01-01

469

Passage Detection using Text Classification Saket Mengle  

E-print Network

queries with the individual passages to determine a similarity score for passages of interest. In passage, from doctors, from fans. They offered good wishes, medical advice, even tennis advice. Lehman Brothers

470

Medical Dictionary of Popular Medical Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by MedicineNet.com, this free and constantly revised encylopedic dictionary of classic and contemporary medical terms contains over 9,000 entries. Written entirely by physicians for both professional and non-professional readers, the dictionary also includes "pertinent scientific items, abbreviations, acronyms, jargon, institutions, projects, symptoms, syndromes, eponyms, medical history -- all having to do with medicine and the biomedical sciences, particularly anything of value and of interest." Users can browse the dictionary by alphabetical entry or conduct a keyword search. The length of dictionary entries vary widely, and some are quite brief. Some, however (mostly conditions or diseases), include links to detailed articles and related forums at the MedicineNet main site. While new medical information sites seem to pop up every day, the depth of Medterms, the frequent updates, and its doctor-only editors mark it as a notable resource.

471

Identifying medication error chains from critical incident reports: a new analytic approach.  

PubMed

Research into the distribution of medication errors usually focuses on isolated stages within the medication use process. Our study aimed to provide a novel process-oriented approach to medication incident analysis focusing on medication error chains. Our study was conducted across a 900-bed teaching hospital in Switzerland. All reported 1,591 medication errors 2009-2012 were categorized using the Medication Error Index NCC MERP and the WHO Classification for Patient Safety Methodology. In order to identify medication error chains, each reported medication incident was allocated to the relevant stage of the hospital medication use process. Only 25.8% of the reported medication errors were detected before they propagated through the medication use process. The majority of medication errors (74.2%) formed an error chain encompassing two or more stages. The most frequent error chain comprised preparation up to and including medication administration (45.2%). "Non-consideration of documentation/prescribing" during the drug preparation was the most frequent contributor for "wrong dose" during the administration of medication. Medication error chains provide important insights for detecting and stopping medication errors before they reach the patient. Existing and new safety barriers need to be extended to interrupt error chains and to improve patient safety. PMID:24782100

Huckels-Baumgart, Saskia; Manser, Tanja

2014-10-01

472

Ozone - Current Air Quality Index  

MedlinePLUS

Local Air Quality Conditions Zip Code: State : National Summary Forecast Current AQI AQI Loop More Maps Action Day Highest 5: U.S. ... to Air Quality for Ozone more announcements Air Quality Basics Air Quality Index | Ozone | Particle Pollution | UV | ...

473

INDEX TO EVALUATE LAKE RESTORATION  

EPA Science Inventory

A lake evaluation index (LEI) is proposed to express the overall quality of lake water based on a mathematical combination of the commonly measured limnological variables total phosphorus, total nitrogen, chlorophyll, Secchi depth, dissolved oxygen, and macrophyte coverage. Value...

474

Choices and Preferences "Water Index."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a Project WET water education activity. Students rank and compare different uses of water in order of their importance. The class develops a "Water Index," an indication of the group's feelings and values about water and its uses. (LZ)

Science Activities, 1995

1995-01-01

475

AN INDEX OF REFRACTORY ORGANICS  

EPA Science Inventory

Refractory waterborne organics resist biodegradation, accumulate in the environment and can inhibit life forms. This research develops laboratory techniques for, and interpretations of, a Refractory Index (R.I.) to quantitatively assess the persistency of refractory organics and ...

476

[Perspectives in medical liability].  

PubMed

The progressive increase of medical negligence law suits requires an updated analysis of the current situation of medical liability in Chile. The application of a new criminal procedure will avoid criminal prosecution of doctors, transferring to the civil courts the pecuniary sanctions for malpractice. Medical negligence and damage inflicted by doctors that require compensation are explained. The most likely evolution of medical liability is proposed, through an increase in civil liability insurance and the necessary standardization of rules applicable to professional liability. PMID:18769798

Pizarro W, Carlos

2008-04-01

477

PHARMACOLOGY MEDICAL SCHOOL  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOLOGY MEDICAL SCHOOL 2011 ANNUAL AND HEAD, DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOLOGY #12; MISSION The mission of the Department of Pharmacology is to provide quality educational programs related

Thomas, David D.

478

Habitat Suitability Index Models: Bobcat  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A review and synthesis of existing information were used to develop a Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) model for the bobcat (Felis rufus). The model consolidates habitat use information into a framework appropriate for field application, and is scaled to produce an index between 0.0 (unsuitable habitat) to 1.0 (optimum habitat). HSI models are designed to be used with Habitat Evaluation Procedures previously developed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Boyle, Katherine A.; Fendley, Timothy T.

1987-01-01

479

1999 Bribe Payers Index (BPI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Transparency International has put together the Bribe Payers Perceptions Index (BPI), which ranks the leading nineteen exporting countries "in terms of the degree to which their corporations are perceived to be paying bribes abroad." According to the Bribe Payers Index (BPI), Sweden ranks the highest, followed by Australia and Canada, tying for second place. The United States comes in at seventh. This site links to the press release, background information, and framework document as well as the actual data.

Lambsdorff, Johann Graf.

480

A bivariate process capability index  

E-print Network

A BIVARIATE PROCESS CAPABILITY INDEX A Thesis by SUSAN LOHMER MICHALSKI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major... Subject: Industrial Engineering A BIVARIATE PROCESS CAPABILITY INDEX A Thesis by SUSAN LOHMER MICHALSKI Approved as to style and content by: J seph . P natiello, J (Chair of Committee) ose W. Foster ber) Michael T. L gnecker (Member) Gary L...

Michalski, Susan Lohmer

2012-06-07

481

American Indian Resources Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website offers a directory of briefly annotated links to resources and Websites in Native American Studies, Texts, Culture, Literature and Background, History, Representations, Languages, and Nations. Students and researchers can find information here on everything from the representation of Laguna women in Leslie Marmon Silko's fiction to the Bureau of Indian Affairs's official definition of a "tribe," to dozens of links for Native American law and advocacy issues. All of the pages we visited had been updated in the past few months, and the site links to a page by Elaine Cubbins, graduate student at University of Arizona, "Techniques for Evaluating American Indian Web Sites," that not only serves to give a sense of the inclusion criteria of the site's authors, but provides a kind of tutorial for doing Web research related to Native Americans or Native American issues. The Website is authored by Will Karkavelas of Osaka University and is part of his larger site, Multicultural Resources, offering similar directories for African-American and Hawaiian studies.

482

A new brittleness index for compacted tablets.  

PubMed

A dimensionless index that quantifies the brittle or ductile character of tablets is presented. The work of failure (WOF) of crushed or broken flat tablets is calculated by numerical integration of the force-displacement measurement in a flexure tester. The ratio between WOF and the crushing force (F) corrected for the diameter of the tablet (D) is proposed to express the brittle/ductile index (BDI). [Formula: see text] This dimensionless index quantitatively denotes the brittle/ductile character of the compacted material as the normalized deformation in percentage of a cylindrical tablet at the breaking point. For ideal brittle materials, the BDI value will be 0 and for complete plastic deformation, that is, a total compression of the tablet without fracture, BDI will be 100. The validity and discriminative power is demonstrated on mixtures of microcrystalline cellulose and lactose. The robust measure of brittleness with an acceptable accuracy is obtained with only a minor influence of the tablet diameter and the speed of platen. PMID:24258281

Sonnergaard, Jørn M

2013-12-01

483

A medical book collection for physician assistants  

PubMed Central

Selecting resources for physician assistants is challenging and can be overwhelming. Although several core lists exist for nursing, allied health, and medical libraries, judging the scope and level of these resources in relation to the information needs of the physician assistant is difficult. Medical texts can be highly specialized and very expensive, in essence, “overkill” for the needs of the physician assistant. This bibliography is meant to serve as a guide to appropriate medical texts for physician assistants. Titles were selected from the Brandon/Hill list, Doody's Electronic Journal, and various other reference resources. Resources were evaluated based on the subject and scope, audience, authorship, cost, and currency. The collection includes 195 titles from 33 specialty areas. Standard texts in each area are also included. PMID:11465687

Grodzinski, Alison

2001-01-01

484

[Modern medical science and Military Medical Academy].  

PubMed

The article presents the information about the main directions of scientific investigations of Military Medical Academy and their results during the period of 1999-2000. The scientific work was conducted in conformity with demands of orders and directives of RF Ministry of Defense. 12 integrated scientific problems were formed in the annual plans of the Academy's research work. Together with traditional directions the new ones connected with the experience of troops medical support during the armed conflicts, liquidation of consequences of extreme situations, participation of military contingents in peace-making operations were developed. The complex clinical investigations of specific features of combat pathology due to firearms used by the enemy during the military operations in Afghanistan and in the Northern Caucasus are going on. In the most of clinical departments the problems of etiology, pathogenesis and treatment of servicemen' diseases under peacetime conditions are the main directions of scientific investigations. Every year the Academy's rationalizers and inventors produce 60-70 inventions and more than 500 rationalization proposals. Since 1995 the Academy publishes the journal "Clinical medicine and pathophysiology" and since 1999--"Bulletin of Russian Military Medical Academy". The Academy's scientific potential comprises 194 professors, 295 associate professors, 349 Doctors and 894 Candidates of Science, 20 Honoured Scientists of RF, 57 members and corresponding members of academies (Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and other social academies). PMID:16259295

Ga?dar, B V; Lobzin, Iu V; Chursin, I G; Tsygan, V N

2005-08-01

485

PRE-MEDICAL PROFESSIONS Medical professional schools  

E-print Network

requirements required for application to the following medical professional schools include: chiropractic offered in January and also April through September each year. Chiropractic (DC) Each professional school sets its own prerequisites and requirements. There is no admissions test for chiropractic schools

486

Privacy Indexes: A Survey of Westin's Studies  

E-print Network

and to show trends in privacy concerns. Many privacy researchers are interested in using these privacy indexes conclusions about which indexes can be used to infer privacy trends. This research was supported in part________________________________________________________________________ - 1 - Privacy Indexes

Sadeh, Norman M.

487

MEDICAL SCIENCES DIVISION SENIOR CLERICAL OFFICER (OXFORD MEDICAL ALUMNI)  

E-print Network

1 MEDICAL SCIENCES DIVISION SENIOR CLERICAL OFFICER (OXFORD MEDICAL ALUMNI) Grade 4 , Salary. Oxford Medical Alumni exists to advance the cause of medical education by promoting the interests to establish a mutually beneficial relationship between the Medical Sciences and its alumni and to promote

Oxford, University of

488

Medical Student Health Promotion: The Increasing Role of Medical Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The author proposes courses of action for medical schools to increase positive health promotion among medical students. Method: This article will review the current literature on medical student health care. Strategies of action for medical schools are proposed for increasing student wellness. Results: Medical schools can positively…

Estabrook, Kristi

2008-01-01

489

Domestic Medical Tourism: A Neglected Dimension of Medical Tourism Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, the literature on medical tourism has focused almost exclusively on international medical tourism, or medical services outsourced to other countries. However, there are a growing number of patients who travel for medical care within their own country. Medical tourism experts have suggested that competition introduced from abroad, combined with healthcare reform, may stimulate improvement in health care offerings

Simon Hudson; Xiang Li

2011-01-01

490

Domestic Medical Tourism: A Neglected Dimension of Medical Tourism Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, the literature on medical tourism has focused almost exclusively on international medical tourism, or medical services outsourced to other countries. However, there are a growing number of patients who travel for medical care within their own country. Medical tourism experts have suggested that competition introduced from abroad, combined with health care reform, may stimulate improvement in health care

Simon Hudson; Xiang Li

2012-01-01

491

Medical Knowledge Bases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few commonly available, successful computer-based tools exist in medical informatics. Faculty expertise can be included in computer-based medical information systems. Computers allow dynamic recombination of knowledge to answer questions unanswerable with print textbooks. Such systems can also create stronger ties between academic and clinical…

Miller, Randolph A.; Giuse, Nunzia B.

1991-01-01

492

Medical informatics: reasoning methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The progress of medical informatics has been characterized by the development of a wide range of reasoning methods. These reasoning methods are based on organizing principles that make use of the various relations existing in medical domains: associations, probabilities, causality, functional relationships, temporal relations, locality, similarity, and clinical practice. Some, such as those based on associations and probabilities have been

William J. Long

2001-01-01

493

Access to Medical Records.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although confidentiality with regard to medical records is supposedly protected by the American Medical Associaton's principles of Ethics and the physician-patient privilege, there are a number of laws that require a physician to release patient information to public authorities without the patient's consent. These exceptions include birth and…

Cooper, Nancy

494

Microwave medical devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes several new microwave medical devices that either were or are being developed at MMTC, Inc. in cooperation with the following institutions: Celsion Corporation, Columbia, Maryland (microwave balloon catheters); Montefiore Medical Center (MMC), Bronx, New York (microwave balloon catheters, dual microwave antennas, and microwave poration); and the University of California at San Francisco (conformal array antennas). The individuals

F. Sterzer

2002-01-01

495

Medical Services Assistant Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to develop 12th-grade multiple competencies courses, this curriculum prepares the student to assist a physician, dentist, or other health professional with the management of a medical office and to perform basic health services procedures. Course descriptions are provided for the two courses in the curriculum: medical services assistant…

Leeman, Phyllis A.

496

Medical Practice Makes Perfect  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cedaron Medical Inc., was founded in 1990 as a result of a NASA SBIR (Small Business Innovative Research) grant from Johnson Space Center to develop a Hand Testing and Exercise Unit for use in space. From that research came Dexter, a comprehensive workstation that creates a paperless environment for medical data management.

1998-01-01

497

Medication adherence: WHO cares?  

PubMed

The treatment of chronic illnesses commonly includes the long-term use of pharmacotherapy. Although these medications are effective in combating disease, their full benefits are often not realized because approximately 50% of patients do not take their medications as prescribed. Factors contributing to poor medication adherence are myriad and include those that are related to patients (eg, suboptimal health literacy and lack of involvement in the treatment decision-making process), those that are related to physicians (eg, prescription of complex drug regimens, communication barriers, ineffective communication of information about adverse effects, and provision of care by multiple physicians), and those that are related to health care systems (eg, office visit time limitations, limited access to care, and lack of health information technology). Because barriers to medication adherence are complex and varied, solutions to improve adherence must be multifactorial. To assess general aspects of medication adherence using cardiovascular disease as an example, a MEDLINE-based literature search (January 1, 1990, through March 31, 2010) was conducted using the following search terms: cardiovascular disease, health literacy, medication adherence, and pharmacotherapy. Manual sorting of the 405 retrieved articles to exclude those that did not address cardiovascular disease, medication adherence, or health literacy in the abstract yielded 127 articles for review. Additional references were obtained from citations within the retrieved articles. This review surveys the findings of the identified articles and presents various strategies and resources for improving medication adherence. PMID:21389250

Brown, Marie T; Bussell, Jennifer K

2011-04-01

498

Medical ultrasound imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper gives an introduction to current medical ultrasound imaging systems. The basics of anatomic and blood flow imaging are described. The properties of medical ultrasound and its focusing are described, and the various methods for two- and three-dimensional imaging of the human anatomy are shown. Systems using both linear and non-linear propagation of ultrasound are described. The blood velocity

Jørgen Arendt Jensen

2007-01-01

499

Medical Laboratory Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of medical laboratory technician, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 18 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general and 8 units specific to the occupation of medical laboratory technician. The following…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

500

Emergency Medical Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of emergency medical technician, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 18 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general and 4 units specific to the occupation of emergency medical technician. The following…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.