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1

Tamil in Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There have been few Australian studies of language maintenance amongst immigrant languages from the Indian subcontinent. The present study focuses on Tamil speakers in Melbourne from Sri Lanka or India, who are Hindus or Christians. Tamil is a pluricentric language that has been under the domination of English in these countries, at least amongst…

Fernandez, Sue; Clyne, Michael

2007-01-01

2

Melbourne Planetarium: The Planetarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the Melbourne Planetarium of Australia. A section for observing the Australian sky provides rise and set times of objects in the sky (using Australian Eastern Standard Time), descriptions of the sky in different seasons, and information for observing constellations and satellites. Reference sections explain different aspects of the sun and moon, planets, stars, galaxies, black holes, and the universe. The site also provides show times for the planetarium.

3

Melbourne Telelink; A Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes an exploratory study of Telelink, a social application of telephone conferencing which is providing group communication among housebound veterans and war widows in Melbourne, Australia. The study is based on interviews with present T...

L. A. Albertson K. S. Bearlin

1977-01-01

4

Energy Management at the University of Melbourne.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A program to reduce energy consumption and limit fuel expenditures at the University of Melbourne involved a study of consumption and facility usage, installation of a central energy monitoring system, and a university and public relations effort to enlist student and staff help. (MSE)|

Marginson, R. D.

1980-01-01

5

76 FR 70532 - Release of Airport Property: Melbourne International Airport, Melbourne, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Melbourne International Airport, Melbourne, Florida from...property will allow the Melbourne Airport Authority to dispose of the...to enhance the storm water management of the surrounding community...This parcel is adjacent to airport property and is currently...

2011-11-14

6

Marking Melbourne's Arterial Roads to Assist Cyclists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades a range of different line marking techniques has been introduced to Melbourne's arterial roads. These include wide kerbside lanes sometimes marked with bike symbols, exclusive bike lanes, parking and bike lanes, and advanced stop lines at signalised intersections. In parallel to their introduction, VicRoads has undertaken a wide range of studies to test the effects

Malcolm Daff; Tony Barton

7

Neurosurgery at the Royal Melbourne Hospital.  

PubMed

The Department of Neurosurgery of the Royal Melbourne Hospital (RMH) is a major neurosurgery program and academic leader in Australasia. In 1998, the RMH marked its 150th anniversary. The department of neurosurgery was established in 1945 under the direction of R.S. Hooper and has produced many distinguished neurosurgeons since its founding. The department is currently directed by Andrew Kaye, who is also the James Stewart Professor of Surgery at the University of Melbourne. In 1997-1998, the neurosurgery department received 2930 admissions and performed 2225 operations, with 11 neurosurgeons on staff and a strong focus on subspecialization. The neurosurgeons have varying time commitments to the hospital and to research, but many are on site full-time. The RMH is a university teaching hospital as well as a public hospital; therefore, there is no financial burden for any patient. The RMH is closely linked to the adjacent Melbourne Private Hospital, where privately insured patients are treated. The department of neurosurgery maintains close links with the departments of neurology, ophthalmology, and neuropsychiatry, which together form the Melbourne Neuroscience Centre. There is a strong emphasis on undergraduate and postgraduate teaching, as well as clinical and laboratory research. Neurosurgery trainees are encouraged to undertake laboratory research and pursue higher academic degrees. Despite economic restraints, the department continues to grow in strength, and we remain optimistic of exciting times ahead for neurosurgery at the RMH in the new millennium. PMID:10764274

Rosenfeld, J V; Kaye, A H

2000-04-01

8

Marriage in late nineteenth-century Melbourne.  

PubMed

"This article uses Melbourne [Australia] marriage certificates from 1866 to 1896 to compare urban and rural marriage trends and study the individual determinants of the timing of first marriage; on the whole, urban brides and grooms were likely to be younger than rural ones. Economic conditions, as measured by occupation, played a more important role in men's timing of marriage than in women's. The fact that prenuptial pregnancy led couples to marry several years before their peers suggests that family commitments and other personal, unmeasured, factors affected marriage age." PMID:12281544

Larson, A

1988-05-01

9

New geophysical views of Mt.Melbourne Volcano (East Antarctica)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mt. Melbourne volcano is located along the transition between the Transantarctic Mountains and the West Antarctic Rift System. Recent volcanic activity is suggested by the occurrence of blankets of pyroclastic pumice and scoria fall around the eastern and southern flanks of Mt Melbourne and by pyroclastic layers interbedded with the summit snows. Geothermal activity in the crater area of Mount Melbourne may be linked to the intrusion of dykes within the last 200 years. Geophysical networks suggest that Mount Melbourne is a quiescent volcano, possibly characterised by slow internal dynamics. During the 2002-2003 Italian Antarctic campaign a high-resolution aeromagnetic survey was performed within the TIMM (Tectonics and Interior of Mt. Melbourne area) project. This helicopter-borne survey was flown at low-altitude and in drape-mode configuration (305 m above terrain) with a line separation less than 500 m. Our new high-resolution magnetic maps reveal the largely ice-covered magmatic and tectonic patters in the Mt. Melbourne volcano area. Additionally, in the frame of the UK-Italian ISODYN-WISE project (2005-06), an airborne ice-sounding radar survey was flown. We combine the sub-ice topography with images and models of the interior of Mt. Melbourne volcano, as derived from the high resolution aeromagnetic data and land gravity data. Our new geophysical maps and models also provide a new tool to study the regional setting of the volcano. In particular we re-assess whether there is geophysical evidence for coupling between strike-slip faulting, the Terror Rift, and Mount Melbourne volcano.

Armadillo, E.; Gambetta, M.; Ferraccioli, F.; Corr, H.; Bozzo, E.

2009-05-01

10

Privatization of Rail and Tram Services in Melbourne: What Went Wrong?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Melbourne’s urban rail and tram systems were privatized in 1999 using a concessioning or franchising model similar to that employed for British Rail in the 1990s. The Melbourne franchise agreements promised improved services, increased patronage, reduced government subsidies and no real increase in fares. However, within 2 years, it became apparent that these predictions had been over optimistic, and subsequent

Paul Mees

2005-01-01

11

Ethnic entrepreneurial business cluster development: Chinatowns in Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to review the concept of clustering and to examine both mature and newly evolved natural ethnic entrepreneurial business clusters in Melbourne, Australia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Phenomenological methodology was employed in this research. This qualitative research technique examines life experiences in an effort to understand and give them meaning. This method is seen to be appropriate as

Christopher Selvarajah; Eryadi K. Masli

2011-01-01

12

Increasing Opportunities for Apprenticeships and Traineeships in Melbourne's Western Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research study was conducted to identify barriers to enrollment in and expansion of apprenticeships and traineeships in the western region of Melbourne, Australia. Data were collected through conducting six focus groups (a total of 180 tenth- and twelfth-grade students) from six schools in three Local Government Areas; surveying 400 local…

Martino, John; Holden, Sue; Demediuk, Tess

13

Escherichia coli and Community-acquired Gastroenteritis, Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

As part of a study to determine the effects of water filtration on the incidence of community-acquired gastroenteritis in Melbourne, Australia, we examined fecal samples from patients with gastroenteritis and asymptomatic persons for diarrheagenic strains of Escherichia coli. Atypical strains of enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) were the most frequently identified pathogens of all bacterial, viral, and parasitic agents in patients with gastroenteritis. Moreover, atypical EPEC were more common in patients with gastroenteritis (89 [12.8%] of 696) than in asymptomatic persons (11 [2.3%] of 489, p < 0.0001). Twenty-two random isolates of atypical EPEC that were characterized further showed marked heterogeneity in terms of serotype, genetic subtype, and carriage of virulence-associated determinants. Apart from the surface protein, intimin, no virulence determinant or phenotype was uniformly present in atypical EPEC strains. This study shows that atypical EPEC are an important cause of gastroenteritis in Melbourne.

Bordun, Anne-Marie; Tauschek, Marija; Bennett-Wood, Vicki R.; Russell, Jacinta; Oppedisano, Frances; Lister, Nicole A.; Bettelheim, Karl A.; Fairley, Christopher K.; Sinclair, Martha I.; Hellard, Margaret E.

2004-01-01

14

Implementation salvage experiences from the Melbourne diabetes prevention study  

PubMed Central

Background Many public health interventions based on apparently sound evidence from randomised controlled trials encounter difficulties when being scaled up within health systems. Even under the best of circumstances, implementation is exceedingly difficult. In this paper we will describe the implementation salvage experiences from the Melbourne Diabetes Prevention Study, which is a randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness nested in the state-wide Life! Taking Action on Diabetes program in Victoria, Australia. Discussion The Melbourne Diabetes Prevention Study sits within an evolving larger scale implementation project, the Life! program. Changes that occurred during the roll-out of that program had a direct impact on the process of conducting this trial. The issues and methods of recovery the study team encountered were conceptualised using an implementation salvage strategies framework. The specific issues the study team came across included continuity of the state funding for Life! program and structural changes to the Life! program which consisted of adjustments to eligibility criteria, referral processes, structure and content, as well as alternative program delivery for different population groups. Staff turnover, recruitment problems, setting and venue concerns, availability of potential participants and participant characteristics were also identified as evaluation roadblocks. Each issue and corresponding salvage strategy is presented. Summary The experiences of conducting such a novel trial as the preliminary Melbourne Diabetes Prevention Study have been invaluable. The lessons learnt and knowledge gained will inform the future execution of this trial in the coming years. We anticipate that these results will also be beneficial to other researchers conducting similar trials in the public health field. We recommend that researchers openly share their experiences, barriers and challenges when conducting randomised controlled trials and implementation research. We encourage them to describe the factors that may have inhibited or enhanced the desired outcomes so that the academic community can learn and expand the research foundation of implementation salvage.

2012-01-01

15

Use of eye care services by people with diabetes: the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMThe use of eye care services by people with and without diabetes was investigated in the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project (VIP), a population based study of eye disease in a representative sample of Melbourne residents 40 years of age and older.METHODSA comprehensive interview was employed to elicit information on history of diabetes, medication use, most recent visit to an ophthalmologist

Catherine A McCarty; Conrad W Lloyd-Smith; Sharon E Lee; Patricia M Livingston; Yury L Stanislavsky; Hugh R Taylor

1998-01-01

16

Selected Chemical Characteristics of Soils, Forages, and Drainage Water from the Sewage Farm Serving Melbourne, Australia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Planning and engineering personnel from the Army Corps of Engineers and faculty from the School of Agriculture, University of Illinois visited the wastewater land treatment system serving metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Flow averages 144 million gallon...

R. D. Johnson T. D. Hinesly D. J. David

1974-01-01

17

Stroke Incidence on the East Coast of Australia The North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study (NEMESIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—Community-based stroke incidence studies are the most accurate way of explaining mortality trends and developing public health policy. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of stroke in a geographically defined region of Melbourne, Australia. Methods—All suspected strokes occurring in a population of 133 816 residents in suburbs north and east of Melbourne, Australia, during

Amanda G. Thrift; Helen M. Dewey; Richard A. L. Macdonell; John J. McNeil; Geoffrey A. Donnan

18

Video-assisted thoracoscopic pulmonary resections - The Melbourne experience  

PubMed Central

Background Despite its privileged economic and educational place in the world, Melbourne was relatively slow to embrace video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy. The initial driver of this was Professor C Peter Clarke at the Austin Hospital at the beginning of the new millennium. His legacy was carried on by his apprentice, but at St Vincent’s Hospital. After a period of slow development, it became the procedure of choice from 2005, and began to filter sporadically to other hospitals from 2010. Methods This paper details the historical development, techniques and results of 343 VATS pulmonary resections (including lobectomies, sub-lobar anatomical resections, sleeve resections, bi-lobectomies and pneumonectomies). Results In-hospital and 30-day mortality was 2.0% and 5-year survival for all stages of NSCLC was 70%. Over 36% of patients were stage II-III using the new 7th revision TNM staging system. The conversion to thoracotomy rate was 4.7%. The estimated learning curve for this experience VATS lobectomy appears to be in the range of 15-20 cases. In this series, the same lymph node dissection or sampling was attempted and usually achieved as would have occurred at thoracotomy. Conclusions The results confirm the findings of other large case series that the benefits of a minimally invasive approach are achieved without compromising the long-term survival.

2012-01-01

19

Measuring food access in Melbourne: Access to healthy and fast foods by car, bus and foot in an urban municipality in Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access to healthy food can be an important determinant of a healthy diet. This paper describes the assessment of access to healthy and unhealthy foods using a GIS accessibility programme in a large outer municipality of Melbourne. Access to a major supermarket was used as a proxy for access to a healthy diet and fast food outlet as proxy for

C. M. Burns; A. D. Inglis

2007-01-01

20

On the causes of variability in amounts of airborne grass pollen in Melbourne, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Melbourne, Australia, airborne grass pollen is the predominant cause of hay fever (seasonal rhinitis) during late spring and early summer, with levels of airborne grass pollen also influencing hospital admissions for asthma. In order to improve predictions of conditions that are potentially hazardous to susceptible individuals, we have sought to better understand the causes of diurnal, intra-seasonal and inter-seasonal variability of atmospheric grass pollen concentrations (APC) by analysing grass pollen count data for Melbourne for 16 grass pollen seasons from 1991 to 2008 (except 1994 and 1995). Some of notable features identified in this analysis were that on days when either extreme (>100 pollen grains m-3) or high (50-100 pollen grains m-3) levels of grass pollen were recorded the winds were of continental origin. In contrast, on days with a low (<20 pollen grains m-3) concentration of grass pollen, winds were of maritime origin. On extreme and high grass pollen days, a peak in APC occurred on average around 1730 hours, probably due to a reduction in surface boundary layer turbulence. The sum of daily APC for each grass pollen season was highly correlated ( r = 0.79) with spring rainfall in Melbourne for that year, with about 60% of a declining linear trend across the study period being attributable to a reduction of meat cattle and sheep (and hence grazing land) in rural areas around Melbourne. Finally, all of the ten extreme pollen events (3 days or more with APC > 100 pollen grains m-3) during the study period were characterised by an average downward vertical wind anomaly in the surface boundary layer over Melbourne. Together these findings form a basis for a fine resolution atmospheric general circulation model for grass pollen in Melbourne's air that can be used to predict daily (and hourly) APC. This information will be useful to those sectors of Melbourne's population that suffer from allergic problems.

de Morton, Julian; Bye, John; Pezza, Alexandre; Newbigin, Edward

2011-07-01

21

2009 Melbourne metropolitan sewerage strategy: a portfolio of decentralised and on-site concept designs.  

PubMed

The bulk and retail water companies of the greater Melbourne area are developing the 2009 Metropolitan Sewerage Strategy to provide sustainable sewerage services to 2060. The objective of the strategy is to establish long term principles and near term actions to produce a robust sewage management system for Melbourne. Melbourne's existing sewerage system is largely centralised and discharges to two major treatment plants. Several small satellite treatment plants service local urban areas generally more distant from the centralised system. Decentralised and on-site wastewater systems are options for future sewage management and could play a role in local recycling. A portfolio of 18 on-site and decentralised concept designs was developed, applicable to the full range of urban development types in Melbourne. The concepts can be used in evaluation of metropolitan system configurations as part of future integrated water cycle planning. The options included secondary and tertiary treatment systems incorporating re-use of water for non potable uses, urine separation, black and greywater separation and composting toilets. On-site and cluster treatment systems were analysed. Each option is described by its indicative capital and operating costs, energy use and water and nutrient balances. This paper summarises and compares the portfolio mix of decentralized and on-site options in Melbourne's context. PMID:20705997

Brown, V; Jackson, D W; Khalifé, M

2010-01-01

22

Factors affecting Grey-headed Flying-fox (Pteropus poliocephalus: Pteropodidae) foraging in the Melbourne metropolitan area, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors affecting the foraging of mobile native fauna in highly fragmented urban landscapes have seldom been quantified at large spatial scales. We investigated factors affecting foraging by Grey-headed Flying- foxes ( Pteropus poliocephalus ; 'flying-foxes') in the greater Melbourne metropolitan area. Flying-foxes established a continuously occupied colony site in the Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne in 1986, and the size of

E. MCDONALD-MADDEN; E. S. G. SCHREIBER; D. M. FORSYTH; D. CHOQUENOT; T. F. CLANCY

2005-01-01

23

Creating a university research data registry: enabling compliance, and raising the profile of research data at the University of Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Melbourne is one of the richest sources of research data in Australia making it a highly desirable contributor to Australia’s emerging Research Data Commons – an initiative of the nationally funded Australian Research Data Service (ANDS). This paper will outline how The University of Melbourne partnered with (ANDS) to test a framework for exposing a number of

Simon Porter; Anna Shadbolt

2010-01-01

24

Sustainable urban form and the shopping mall: An investigation of retail provision in new housing subdivisions in Melbourne's growth areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of sustainability now underlies much strategic urban policy. In Victoria the current strategic plan intended to underpin future growth in Melbourne, Melbourne 2030, adopts the goals of sustainability as its guiding ethos, indicating amongst other goals the desirability of a more compact urban form and a move away from near total car dependence. One of the key components

Robin Goodman

25

The Japanese Language Development of Children through the ‘One Parent–One Language’ Approach in Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the process of Japanese language maintenance or shift among children who were exposed to Japanese and English through the ‘one parent–one language’ approach in Melbourne. The aim was to identify factors that correlate with successful and unsuccessful cases of Japanese language maintenance of such children. The data were based on interviews with 25 Japanese mothers about their

Masae Takeuchi

2006-01-01

26

DECISION SUPPORT TOOL TO AID IN THE WATERING ASSESSMENT OF MELBOURNE HOUSEHOLD GARDENS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Decision Support Tool (DST) is being developed to allow the irrigation water requirements of Melbourne household gardens to be assessed. The project is part of the 2006 Smart Water Fund (Vic) Round 3 research activities designed to address knowledge gaps in the water demands of home garden plants and the optimum irrigation requirements. The project is being carried out

Geoff Connellan

27

The Japanese Language Development of Children through the "One Parent-One Language" Approach in Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the process of Japanese language maintenance or shift among children who were exposed to Japanese and English through the "one parent-one language" approach in Melbourne. The aim was to identify factors that correlate with successful and unsuccessful cases of Japanese language maintenance of such children. The data were based…

Takeuchi, Masae

2006-01-01

28

Student Learning Centre (SLC) Embraces the New Melbourne Model of Teaching: Facilitating Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning is about discovery and change. As schools and universities look to the future, it is fundamental that they provide environments that facilitate collaborative learning and act as points for interaction and social activity. The redevelopment of the existing Engineering Library into a Student Learning Centre (SLC) embraces the new Melbourne…

Ball, Sarah

2010-01-01

29

Gentrification and Cosmopolitan Leisure in Inner-Urban Melbourne, Australia, 1960s–1970s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of gentrification in Australia have typically analysed the phenomenon through the lens of housing and residential change. This article explores how non-residential factors, including the concept of and the everyday practices associated with cosmopolitanism, offer an opportunity to analyse leisure specific to gentrification in Melbourne in the 1960s and 1970s. The article particularly explores leisure based on food and

Tanja Luckins

2009-01-01

30

ACER and University of Melbourne Music Evaluation Kit. Handbook and Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Melbourne Music Evaluation Kit (MEK) was designed to aid teachers of first-year secondary-school music classes to select appropriate curriculum materials related to the music backgrounds of class members, as indicated by scores on the kit. Tests included in the kit are criterion- referenced and are used as a diagnostic tool to measure…

Bryce, Jennifer

31

Narratives of sexual health risk and protection amongst young people from refugee backgrounds in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people with refugee backgrounds face many challenges when making their lives in a resettlement country and their sexual and reproductive health needs are often overlooked. This paper reports on sexual health literacy amongst recently arrived young refugees settling in Melbourne, Australia. Qualitative methods were used to explore how resettled youth access, interpret and implement sexual health information, with a

Celia McMichael; Sandra Gifford

2010-01-01

32

Musculoskeletal injuries in the ultramarathon: the 1990 Westfield Sydney to Melbourne run  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To document the injuries sustained by participants in a 1005 km ultramarathon. METHODS: Clinical notes were reviewed on entrants in the 1005 km Sydney to Melbourne ultramarathon. An injury was recorded following self referral by a participant or if the history obtained from the runner or his support crew indicated the likelihood of a significant injury which could have

K E Fallon

1996-01-01

33

Optimisation of rainwater tank design from large roofs: A case study in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rainwater tanks for larger roof areas need optimisation of tank size, which is often not carried out before installation of these tanks. This paper presents a case study of rainwater tank evaluation and design for large roof areas, located in Melbourne, Australia, based on observed daily rainfall data representing three different climatic regimes (i.e. dry average, and wet years). With

Monzur Alam Imteaz; Abdallah Shanableh; Ataur Rahman; Amimul Ahsan

2011-01-01

34

Seasonal distribution of pollen in the atmosphere of melbourne: an airborne pollen calendar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental monitoring of pollen grains in the atmosphere of Melbourne has been achieved using Burkard volumetric traps. Twenty-two families of flowering plants and confiers were identified in the pollen counts. About 62% of these pollen grains belonged to trees, 20% to grasses and 9% to herbs and weedy plants. During spring and summer, the atmosphere contained about 70% of the

Eng Kok Ong; Mohan Bir Singh; Robert Bruce Knox

1995-01-01

35

University of Melbourne Library Meeting the Challenges of Providing Information Literacy in a Networked Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the University of Melbourne (Australia) Library's response to the changing organizational environment. The first section provides background on the university and library, including the creation of a new position, Research Consultant, that was designed in response to concerns expressed by academics that the library was not…

Robertson, Sabina

36

‘A Question of Propriety?’: Women's Competitive Swimming in Melbourne, 1893–1900  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inauguration of the Victorian Amateur Swimming Association in 1893 as the supreme governing body for the sport in the colony of Victoria served to reinforce the notion of competitive swimming as a male enterprise, with women playing a passive and supporting role. However, by 1900 Melbourne women were staging their own successful competitive swimming carnivals, with significant public support.

Rachel Winterton

2009-01-01

37

Social Disadvantage, Tenure and Location: An Analysis of Sydney and Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the role that housing markets play in structuring patterns of social disadvantage in Australian cities, specifically Sydney and Melbourne. It explores the relationship between housing tenure and social disadvantage at the local scale (Census collector districts) for the two cities, following a discussion of the various stands of literature on housing tenure and socio-spatial polarisation in

BILL RANDOLPH; DARREN HOLLOWAY

2005-01-01

38

Being a ‘wog’ in Melbourne – young people's self-fashioning through discourses of racism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Greek community in Melbourne, Australia, is large and has a long history in the city. It is diverse and associated with a range of cultural, social and political structures. It has strong transnational links and in many ways exemplifies ‘diasporic’ in contradistinction to ‘migrant’. This paper focuses on young people from this community, particularly those who attend schools established

Georgina Tsolidis; Vikki Pollard

2009-01-01

39

Becoming Yesterday: Changes in Music, the Music Industry and Musicians' Careers in 1960s Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1960s was a time of considerable musical change that largely established the shape of the Australian popular music industry until the beginning of the digital era. This article explores seismic shifts in Melbourne's music scene that resulted equally from changes in the local industry and musical developments occurring overseas, and the extent to which careers could be built beyond

Geoff King

2010-01-01

40

Engaging Staff Communities in a Knowledge Transfer Strategy: A Case Study at the University of Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Within the framework of the strategic journey undertaken between 2005 and 2010, this paper seeks to examine how the University of Melbourne sought to differentiate itself through the introduction and reconceptualisation of a "third stream" of academic work. Specifically, this paper seeks to investigate, through qualitative methods, how those in…

Goodwill, Robyn J.

2012-01-01

41

Summarized proceedings of a conference on solid state physics - Melbourne, August 1959  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Branch of The Institute of Physics held a conference on solid state physics in Melbourne from 17-21 August, 1959. This conference was the first of its kind to be held in Australia and attracted an attendance of about one hundred and thirty. In all, 46 papers, ranging over a wide field, were presented and these are summarized; they

J F Nicholas

1960-01-01

42

From Humanity to Utility: Melbourne University and Public Examinations 1856-1964.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interaction of a university and the society is described in a case study of the system of public examinations of Melbourne University in Victoria (Australia). The initial desire to guarantee the academic standards of college entrants grew into a system that also provided school leaving certificates for those not entering the university. Over a…

Musgrave, P. W.

43

URBAN VENTILATION AND PHOTOCHEMICAL SMOG IN MELBOURNE FOR A FUTURE CLIMATE SCENARIO  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. ABSTRACT Climate change may alter patterns of air pollution in urban environments, through changes to wind speeds, temperatures and other climate parameters. This project reviewed the relevant literature, then made use of CSIRO climate forecasts dynamically downscaled (Mk3 ? CCAMTAPM) to a 5 km grid over Melbourne, Australia, with the aim of discerning possible climate-related trends in air quality.

Sean Walsh; Martin Cope; Rob Goudey; Valerio Bisignanesi; Piyaratne Dewundege

44

Subglacial to Emergent Volcanism at Shield Nunatak, Mt. Melbourne Volcanic Field, Antarctica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: Sections through Shield Nunatak vo1cano, an alkali basaltic subglacial table-mountain from the Mt. Melbourne Volcanic Field, are descrlbed. Resting on a base of older lava flows and a fossile tillite iayer, the volcano is formed mainly by massive ash and lapilli (mass flow) deposits while pillow lavas are absent. The recurrent stage of emergence from subglacial to subaerial conditions

G. Wörner; L. Viereck

45

Enduring and competing news frames: Australian newspaper coverage of the deaths by suicides of two Melbourne girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the use of enduring news frames by Australia's metropolitan press in reporting on the deaths by suicides of two16-year-old Melbourne girls. Reportedly, the girls had been adherents of the \\

Andrew Dare; Kerry McCallum; Kate Holland; Jane Pirkis; R. Warwick Blood

46

The role of heredity in the etiology of large bowel cancer: Data from the Melbourne colorectal cancer study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family history data of colorectal cancer, heart disease, and stroke were obtained on near relatives (parents, siblings, and children) in 702 colorectal cancer cases and 710 age-\\/sex-matched community controls as part of a large, comprehensive, population-based epidemiological and clinicopathological study of colorectal cancer conducted in Melbourne (the Melbourne Colorectal Cancer Study). There was a statistically significant higher family history rate

Gabriel A. Kune; Susan Kune; Lyndsey F. Watson

1989-01-01

47

Hepatitis infection among adolescents resident in Melbourne Juvenile Justice Centre: risk factors and challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe patterns of infection with, and risks for, hepatitis A, B and C viruses (HAV, HBV, and HCV) in male adolescents detained in the Melbourne Juvenile Justice Centre (MJJC).Methods: A cross-sectional serosurvey for HAV, HBV, and HCV among 90 male adolescents aged 15–18 years who were resident in MJJC for more than 1 week in 1996.Results: Nine percent

Elaine L Ogilvie; Friederike Veit; Nick Crofts; Sandra C Thompson

1999-01-01

48

Gender differences in mental health literacy among Chinese-speaking Australians in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study attempted to understand gender differences in knowledge of mental illness, preference for professional help, and medications and treatment methods among Australians of Chinese-speaking background.Methods: This study adopted a cluster convenience sampling method in which subjects were taken from the four major areas in cosmopolitan Melbourne where most Chinese people are living. A total of 200 Chinese-speaking Australians

Daniel Fu Keung Wong; Angus Yuk Kit Lam; Ada Poon; Amy Yin Man Chow

2012-01-01

49

The biota and environment of fumaroles on Mt Melbourne, northern Victoria Land  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this investigation was to provide a general description of the biota and environment of fumarolic ground close to the summit (2733 m) of Mt Melbourne. Heat flow through the ground was examined and analyses made of the physico-chemical properties of the soil. Bryophyte vegetation comprisedCampylopus pyriformis (K.F. Schultz) Brid. andCephaloziella exiliflora (Tayl.) Steph. The former is a

Paul Broady I; David Given; Laurence Greenfield; Keith Thompson

1987-01-01

50

Mobile telephone use among Melbourne drivers: a preventable exposure to injury risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the rate of handheld mobile telephone use among motor vehicle drivers. Design and setting: Observational study of motor vehicle drivers at three times (10:00-11:00; 14:00-15:00; 17:00-18:00) on three consecutive Fridays in October 2002 at 12 highway sites in metropolitan Melbourne. Main outcome measures: Rates of mobile phone use overall and by sex and age group, highway site

David McD Taylor; Dianne M Bennett; Michael Carter; Devinder Garewal

51

Unsettled infant behaviour and health service use: A cross-sectional community survey in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To investigate factors associated with health service use by women and their infants in Victoria, Australia.\\u000aMethods: Cross-sectional screening survey of 875 women with 4-month-old infants attending immunisation clinics in five local government areas in Melbourne between May 2007 and August 2008. The self-report instrument assessed socio-demographic characteristics, unsettled infant behaviour, maternal mood (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) and, the

Sonia M McCallum; Heather J Rowe; Lyle Gurrin; Julie A Quinlivan; Doreen A Rosenthal; Jane R W Fisher

2011-01-01

52

Changing epidemiology of genital herpes simplex virus infection in Melbourne, Australia, between 1980 and 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate changes in the proportions of patients infected with genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2 from 1980 to 2003 in Melbourne, Australia.Methods: A total of 25 372 patients were studied retrospectively. The proportions of HSV-1 and HSV-2 detected in these individuals were analysed by age, sex, and genital site.Results: In 1980 only 15.8% of HSV

T Tran; J D Druce; M C Catton; H Kelly; C J Birch

2004-01-01

53

A new 'bio-comfort' perspective for Melbourne based on heat stress, air pollution and pollen.  

PubMed

Humans are at risk from exposure to extremes in their environment, yet there is no consistent way to fully quantify and understand the risk when considering more than just meteorological variables. An outdoor 'bio-comfort' threshold is defined for Melbourne, Australia using a combination of heat stress, air particulate concentration and grass pollen count, where comfortable conditions imply an ideal range of temperature, humidity and wind speed, acceptable levels of air particulates and a low pollen count. This is a new approach to defining the comfort of human populations. While other works have looked into the separate impacts of different variables, this is the first time that a unified bio-comfort threshold is suggested. Composite maps of surface pressure are used to illustrate the genesis and evolution of the atmospheric structures conducive to an uncomfortable day. When there is an uncomfortable day due to heat stress conditions in Melbourne, there is a high pressure anomaly to the east bringing warm air from the northern interior of Australia. This anomaly is part of a slow moving blocking high originating over the Indian Ocean. Uncomfortable days due to high particulate levels have an approaching cold front. However, for air particulate cases during the cold season there are stable atmospheric conditions enhanced by a blocking high emanating from Australia and linking with the Antarctic continent. Finally, when grass pollen levels are high, there are northerly winds carrying the pollen from rural grass lands to Melbourne, due to a stationary trough of low pressure inland. Analysis into days with multiple types of stress revealed that the atmospheric signals associated with each type of discomfort are present regardless of whether the day is uncomfortable due to one or multiple variables. Therefore, these bio-comfort results are significant because they offer a degree of predictability for future uncomfortable days in Melbourne. PMID:23404183

Jacobs, Stephanie J; Pezza, Alexandre B; Barras, Vaughan; Bye, John

2013-02-13

54

A new `bio-comfort' perspective for Melbourne based on heat stress, air pollution and pollen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Humans are at risk from exposure to extremes in their environment, yet there is no consistent way to fully quantify and understand the risk when considering more than just meteorological variables. An outdoor `bio-comfort' threshold is defined for Melbourne, Australia using a combination of heat stress, air particulate concentration and grass pollen count, where comfortable conditions imply an ideal range of temperature, humidity and wind speed, acceptable levels of air particulates and a low pollen count. This is a new approach to defining the comfort of human populations. While other works have looked into the separate impacts of different variables, this is the first time that a unified bio-comfort threshold is suggested. Composite maps of surface pressure are used to illustrate the genesis and evolution of the atmospheric structures conducive to an uncomfortable day. When there is an uncomfortable day due to heat stress conditions in Melbourne, there is a high pressure anomaly to the east bringing warm air from the northern interior of Australia. This anomaly is part of a slow moving blocking high originating over the Indian Ocean. Uncomfortable days due to high particulate levels have an approaching cold front. However, for air particulate cases during the cold season there are stable atmospheric conditions enhanced by a blocking high emanating from Australia and linking with the Antarctic continent. Finally, when grass pollen levels are high, there are northerly winds carrying the pollen from rural grass lands to Melbourne, due to a stationary trough of low pressure inland. Analysis into days with multiple types of stress revealed that the atmospheric signals associated with each type of discomfort are present regardless of whether the day is uncomfortable due to one or multiple variables. Therefore, these bio-comfort results are significant because they offer a degree of predictability for future uncomfortable days in Melbourne.

Jacobs, Stephanie J.; Pezza, Alexandre B.; Barras, Vaughan; Bye, John

2013-02-01

55

Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers - changes over time and differences between Sydney and Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Cycling is important for health, transport, environmental and economic reasons. Newspaper reporting of cycling reflects and can influence public and policy maker attitudes towards resource allocation for cycling and cycling infrastructure, yet such coverage has not been systematically examined. Methods The Factiva electronic news archive was searched for articles referring to cycling published in four major metropolitan newspapers - two in Sydney and two in Melbourne, Australia, in the years from 1998 until 2008. After excluding articles not about cycling, there were 61 articles published in 1998, 45 in 1999, 51 in 2003, 82 in 2007 and 87 in 2008. Each article was coded for positive or negative orientation, and for framing of cyclists and cycling. Inter-rater reliability was calculated on a sample of 30 articles. Results Over the past decade there has been an increase in the reporting of cycling in the major newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne (from 106 in 1998/99 to 169 stories in 2007/08), with a significant increase in reporting of cycling in Melbourne, from 49 to 103 stories (p = 0.04). Recent reporting of cycling was generally positive (47% of articles, compared with 30% of articles which were negative) and focused on benefits such as health and the environment. Three quarters of negative stories involved injury or death of a cyclist. The Sydney based The Daily Telegraph reported the most negative stories (n = 60). We found positive framing of 'cycling' was more widespread than negative, whereas framing of 'cyclists' was more negative than positive. Conclusions Quantity of reporting of cycling varies over time and by newspaper, and even between newspapers in different cities owned by the same media company. News coverage appears to reflect developments in the different cities, with increases in positive reporting of cycling in Melbourne following increases in cycling in that city. Negative cycling newspaper stories may deter people from considering cycling as a transport option, but real physical or political improvements to the cycling environment may be necessary before coverage becomes more positive.

2010-01-01

56

Perceived religiousness is protective for colorectal cancer: data from the Melbourne Colorectal Cancer Study.  

PubMed Central

The perceived or self-reported degree of 'religiousness' was obtained by interview from 715 colorectal cancer patients and 727 age/sex matched community controls, as part of a large, comprehensive population-based study of colorectal cancer incidence, aetiology and survival (The Melbourne Colorectal Cancer Study) conducted in Melbourne, Australia. Self-reported or perceived 'religiousness', as defined in the study, was a statistically significant protective factor [relative risk (RR) = 0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.6-0.9, P = 0.002]. This statistically significant protection remained after the previously determined major risk factors found in the study, namely a family history of colorectal cancer, dietary risk factors, beer consumption, number of children and age at birth of the first child, were statistically corrected for (P = 0.004). There was no association between Dukes' staging of the cancer and perceived degree of 'religiousness' (P = 0.42). Although self-reported or perceived 'religiousness' was associated with a median survival time of 62 months compared with 52 months in those self-reporting as being 'non-religious', this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.64).

Kune, G A; Kune, S; Watson, L F

1993-01-01

57

Incidence of Stroke Subtypes in the North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study (NEMESIS): Differences between Men and Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose: Incidence rates of stroke subtypes may be imprecise when samples are small. We aimed to determine the incidence of stroke subtypes in a large geographically defined population. Methods: Multiple overlapping sources were used to ascertain all strokes occurring in 22 postcodes (population of 306,631) of Melbourne, Australia, between 1997 and 1999. Stroke subtypes were defined by CT,

Amanda G. Thrift; Helen M. Dewey; Jonathan W. Sturm; Velandai K. Srikanth; Amanda K. Gilligan; Seana L. Gall; Richard A. L. Macdonell; John J. McNeil; Geoffrey A. Donnan

2009-01-01

58

The Early Years: Embracing the Challenges. 1997 Early Years of Schooling Conference Proceedings (Melbourne, Australia, July 20-21, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These conference proceedings comprise 19 papers and the plenary session presented at the Early Years Schooling Conference held in Melbourne, Australia. The plenary session was "A Developmental Approach to Teaching Young Children" conducted by Lilian Katz. The keynote addresses and breakout sessions were: (1) "Developmental Learning: How to Learn"…

Victoria Education Dept. (Australia).

59

The incidence of sexually transmitted infections among frequently screened sex workers in a decriminalised and regulated system in Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) among decriminalised and regulated sex workers in Victoria.Methods: The incidence of STI was calculated for individuals who attended the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre on more than one occasion. Results of initial screen specimens were not included. Follow up time was calculated in person months and used as the denominator with

D M Lee; A Binger; J Hocking; C K Fairley

2005-01-01

60

Songs to Heal Times Past: Miriam Rochlin's Collaborations with Immigrant Jewish Performers in Melbourne after World War Two  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian-born Miriam Rochlin collaborated with Polish émigrés Reuben Swiatlo in 1947 and Yehuda Grynhaus around 1949 to produce, privately, a number of 78 rpm recordings of Yiddish songs in Melbourne. The recordings are housed in the Australian Archive of Jewish Music at Monash University. During each collaborative process, Rochlin was the piano accompanist, Swiatlo and Grynhaus were both vocalists. The

Bronia Kornhauser

2011-01-01

61

"Why Has It Only become an Issue Now?": Young Drug Users' Perceptions of Drug Driving in Melbourne, Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preliminary research into drug-user perceptions of drug driving was undertaken with a sample group of drug users aged 18 to 24 from Melbourne, Victoria. Eleven males and nine females participated in semi-structured interviews and completed self-report surveys. Participants discussed their drug driving and their perceptions of the likelihood of…

Wilson, Laura Ann; Wilson, Dean

2010-01-01

62

Shakespeare in Settler-built Spaces: Oscar Asche's ‘Recitals’ of Julius Caesar in the Melbourne and Sydney Town Halls  

Microsoft Academic Search

During their first Australasian tour in 1909–1910, Oscar Asche and Lily Brayton produced costumed ‘recitals’ of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar in the town halls of Sydney and Melbourne. While the landscape has been privileged as the major site of the Australian settler imaginary and its labours of familiarisation, settler investments in their built urban spaces have been less studied. The social

Veronica Kelly

2009-01-01

63

"Why Has It Only become an Issue Now?": Young Drug Users' Perceptions of Drug Driving in Melbourne, Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Preliminary research into drug-user perceptions of drug driving was undertaken with a sample group of drug users aged 18 to 24 from Melbourne, Victoria. Eleven males and nine females participated in semi-structured interviews and completed self-report surveys. Participants discussed their drug driving and their perceptions of the likelihood of…

Wilson, Laura Ann; Wilson, Dean

2010-01-01

64

Educational Concerns of Arabic Speaking Migrants from Sudan and Iraq to Melbourne: Expectations on Migrant Parents in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families immigrating to Australia face many challenges integrating into the educational system, including language barriers and interrupted schooling. We have qualitatively evaluated the educational concerns of Arabic migrants from Sudan and Iraq to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, a city that receives a high percentage of Australia's immigrants.…

Sainsbury, W. J.; Renzaho, A. M. N.

2011-01-01

65

The Melbourne Diabetes Prevention Study (MDPS): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Worldwide, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) prevalence has more than doubled over two decades. In Australia, diabetes is the second highest contributor to the burden of disease. Lifestyle modification programs comprising diet changes, weight loss and moderate physical activity, have been proven to reduce the incidence of T2DM in high risk individuals. As part of the Council of Australia Governments, the State of Victoria committed to develop and support the diabetes prevention program ‘Life! Taking action on diabetes’ (Life!) which has direct lineage from effective clinical and implementation trials from Finland and Australia. The Melbourne Diabetes Prevention Study (MDPS) has been set up to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a specific version of the Life! program. Methods/design We intend to recruit 796 participants for this open randomized clinical trial; 398 will be allocated to the intervention arm and 398 to the usual care arm. Several methods of recruitment will be used in order to maximize the number of participants. Individuals aged 50 to 75 years will be screened with a risk tool (AUSDRISK) to detect those at high risk of developing T2DM. Those with existing diabetes will be excluded. Intervention participants will undergo anthropometric and laboratory tests, and comprehensive surveys at baseline, following the fourth group session (approximately three months after the commencement of the intervention) and 12 months after commencement of the intervention, while control participants will undergo testing at baseline and 12 months only. The intervention consists of an initial individual session followed by a series of five structured-group sessions. The first four group sessions will be carried out at two week intervals and the fifth session will occur eight months after the first group session. The intervention is based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model and sessions will empower and enable the participants to follow the five goals of the Life! program. Discussion This study will determine whether the effect of this intervention is larger than the effect of usual care in reducing central obesity and cardiovascular risk factors and thus the risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Also it will evaluate how these two options compare economically. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12609000507280

2013-01-01

66

Modelling atmospheric concentrations of grass pollen using meteorological variables in Melbourne, Australia.  

PubMed

This study aims to develop models that may be used to describe the relationship between meteorological variables and ambient concentrations of pollen. We used daily ambient concentrations of grass pollen during the pollen season (October to December) of 2004 in Melbourne, Australia. During this period, daily levels of meteorological data including average relative humidity, mean temperature, rain fall, wind speed, and wind direction were entered as predictors in the models. A generalized additive model (GAM) was used to assess the relationship between daily levels of meteorological variables and ambient concentrations of grass pollen. The relationship between average temperature, rain fall, wind speed, relative humidity and pollen were nonlinear and smooth terms were highly significant (p < 0.001). Nonlinear statistical methods such as the GAM approach have the potential to accurately predict ambient concentrations of pollen during the pollen season. PMID:17924264

Erbas, Bircan; Chang, Jiun-Horng; Newbigin, Ed; Dhamarge, Shyamali

2007-10-01

67

Tubal ligation, hysterectomy and D&C: evidence from the Melbourne Women's Midlife Health Project.  

PubMed

The question of whether tubal ligation (TL) is associated with increased risk of hysterectomy or dilatation and curettage (D&C) is examined using data from a population-based study. Retrospective information on TL, D&C and hysterectomy was gathered from 1,810 Australian-born women aged 45-55 who were randomly selected from the population of Melbourne, Australia. Odds ratios for the outcomes were adjusted via logistic regression for age, years of education, smoking status, alcohol consumption, history of premenopausal complaints, number of lost pregnancies, and whether women have discussed menstruation or menopause with their doctor. With these variables taken into account, TL does not emerge as a risk factor for hysterectomy. Though there was a significant association between TL and the probability of ever experiencing a D&C, related extraneous variables which appear to link these events are identified. PMID:10965196

Taffe, J; Green, A; Dudley, E; Dennerstein, L

2000-01-01

68

Women's knowledge and attitudes about emergency contraception: a survey in a Melbourne women's health clinic.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to determine the level of awareness of emergency contraception in women seeking pregnancy counselling and to investigate their attitudes towards emergency contraception. All women presenting for pregnancy counselling at a Melbourne women's health clinic in October 1997 were invited to complete a questionnaire detailing their contraceptive practices. One hundred and sixty-six questionnaires were distributed and 153 were completed (92% response rate). The majority of this sample population had heard of some form of emergency contraception and knew where to access it. However only 26% knew that emergency contraception should be taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. Although 80% of the sample had heard of emergency contraception (or the morning after pill) only 9% used it in an attempt to prevent this pregnancy. The majority of the women surveyed support the increased availability of emergency contraception by rescheduling it to a non-prescription item and re-packaging as a single treatment. PMID:10687764

McDonald, G; Amir, L

1999-11-01

69

Domestic residence to multi-storey building. The lived experience of hospital grounds in Melbourne before World War II.  

PubMed

Hospital grounds in Melbourne, Australia, before World War I resembled imposing residential sites with grand mansions surrounded by shrubberies, circular drives and tennis courts. By World War II hospitals had become multi-storey buildings surrounded by car parks and grass. Although there have been numerous studies that link the changing built environment of hospitals to social, medical and architectural narratives, there has been little emphasis on the impact of these changes on the experience of the hospital as a place, and its identity as an institution. The broader meanings for staff and patients are not explored. This paper then investigates the outdoor grounds of hospitals as places before World War II in Melbourne, Australia. This analysis illuminates a hitherto neglected aspect of hospital history that not only enriches an understanding of this period but provides insights into the role of outdoor grounds that has implications for twenty-first century hospitals. PMID:22796371

Bourke, Anne

2012-06-28

70

Investigating the sensitivity of ozone to changes in meteorology using hierarchical statistical modelling in Melbourne, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: The magnitude in which climate change will influence regional air quality will depend largely on the resulting impacts on local meteorological conditions. Additionally, changing patterns of atmospheric circulation at the hemispheric to global level are likely to be just as important as regional patterns for future local air quality. In order to assess these likely impacts air quality managers must first understand the current impacts of meteorological regimes on local air quality. Methods: First, meteorological observations and air pollutant monitoring data from the Port Phillip Bay monitoring network were obtained for the period of 1997-2001from EPA Victoria and the Bureau of Meteorology. Second, a synoptic climatology of continental circulation patterns over Australia were classified into ‘types' by applying a neural networking algorithm known as self-organizing maps (SOM) on ERA-40 reanalysis fields. Third, a hierarchical model was used to assess the influence of meteorological conditions on monitored air pollutant concentrations. Results: General linear modelling with backward selection yielded temperature (t=4.38, p<0.001), relative humidity (t=-3.03, p=0.003), wind speed (t=5.72, p<0.001), and synoptic type as significant predictors for log O3, with a coefficient of determination of R2 = 0.337. Log O3 increases with increasing temperature and wind speed. Log O3 decreases with increasing relative humidity. Relationships with synoptic patterns show that log O3 increases when high pressure systems are to the east of Melbourne. Discussion: Local variations seem to be influenced, to varying degrees, by synoptic-scale conditions, temperature, relative humidity, and wind-speed. Further analysis is necessary to incorporate the spatio-temporal components of the data. Conclusion: Combining ERA-40, regional meteorological data and hierarchical statistical methods proved to be a complementary suite of tools for investigating the meteorological sensitivity of ozone in Melbourne, Australia. This analysis is crucial a step in preparing for the impacts of climate change on regional air quality.

Pearce, J.; Walsh, S.; Utiola, P.; Beringer, J.

2009-04-01

71

Accessing maternal and child health services in Melbourne, Australia: Reflections from refugee families and service providers  

PubMed Central

Background Often new arrivals from refugee backgrounds have experienced poor health and limited access to healthcare services. The maternal and child health (MCH) service in Victoria, Australia, is a joint local and state government operated, cost-free service available to all mothers of children aged 0–6?years. Although well-child healthcare visits are useful in identifying health issues early, there has been limited investigation in the use of these services for families from refugee backgrounds. This study aims to explore experiences of using MCH services, from the perspective of families from refugee backgrounds and service providers. Methods We used a qualitative study design informed by the socioecological model of health and a cultural competence approach. Two geographical areas of Melbourne were selected to invite participants. Seven focus groups were conducted with 87 mothers from Karen, Iraqi, Assyrian Chaldean, Lebanese, South Sudanese and Bhutanese backgrounds, who had lived an average of 4.7?years in Australia (range one month-18?years). Participants had a total of 249 children, of these 150 were born in Australia. Four focus groups and five interviews were conducted with MCH nurses, other healthcare providers and bicultural workers. Results Four themes were identified: facilitating access to MCH services; promoting continued engagement with the MCH service; language challenges; and what is working well and could be done better. Several processes were identified that facilitated initial access to the MCH service but there were implications for continued use of the service. The MCH service was not formally notified of new parents arriving with young children. Pre-arranged group appointments by MCH nurses for parents who attended playgroups worked well to increase ongoing service engagement. Barriers for parents in using MCH services included access to transportation, lack of confidence in speaking English and making phone bookings. Service users and providers reported that continuity of nurse and interpreter is preferred for increasing client-provider trust and ongoing engagement. Conclusions Although participants who had children born in Melbourne had good initial access to, and experience of, using MCH services, significant barriers remain. A systems-oriented, culturally competent approach to service provision would improve the service utilisation experience for parents and providers, including formalising links and notifications between settlement services and MCH services.

2012-01-01

72

Tubal Ligation, Hysterectomy and D&C: Evidence from the Melbourne Women’s Midlife Health Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of whether tubal ligation (TL) is associated with increased risk of hysterectomy or dilatation and curettage (D&C) is examined using data from a population-based study. Retrospective information on TL, D&C and hysterectomy was gathered from 1,810 Australian-born women aged 45–55 who were randomly selected from the population of Melbourne, Australia. Odds ratios for the outcomes were adjusted via

John Taffe; Adèle Green; Emma Dudley; Lorraine Dennerstein

2000-01-01

73

Screening of ornamental plants from the Botanic Gardens of Melbourne and Adelaide for the occurrence of Erwinia amylovora  

Microsoft Academic Search

Host plants of Erwinia amylovora in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Melbourne (RBGM) and the Adelaide Botanic Gardens (ABG) were inspected for symptoms of fire\\u000a blight including dieback, and shoot and stem cankers. Forty five symptomatic plants were sampled and concurrently tested for\\u000a the presence of E. amylovora at the Institute for Horticultural Development, Victoria; Macquarie University, New South Wales;

S. JockA; B. RodoniB; M. Gillingsc; W.-S. Kim; C. Copes; P. Merriman; K. Geider

2000-01-01

74

The Long-term Outcomes and Unmet Needs of a Cohort of Former Long-Stay Patients in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Former long-stay patients with psychotic disorders have significant unmet needs. This study assessed the long-term outcomes\\u000a for the original cohort of 18 residents of the Footbridge Community Care Unit (CCU), a residential psychiatric rehabilitation\\u000a unit at St Vincent’s Mental Health Melbourne. A review of case records and interviews were conducted for each member of the\\u000a cohort 8 years after admission to

Prem ChopraHelen; Helen E. Herrman

75

The Attitudes and Practices of General Practitioners about the Use of Chaperones in Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Introduction. To consider the use of medical chaperones during certain clinical examinations is important whether one practises as a specialist, nurse, medical student, or generalist. Chaperones have been used by doctors conducting intimate examinations for many years but their true extent remains largely unknown. Until recently, there was no national guidance in Australia. Aim. To explore the attitudes and practices of general practitioners (GP) regarding their use of chaperones in urban Melbourne, Australia. Method. Qualitative two focus groups involving seventeen GPs from two locations. Discussions were audio-taped, transcribed verbatim and analysed. Results. Common themes and subthemes emerged which were grouped into three main areas: (a) practitioner-related, (b) patient-related and (c) practice related. Discussion. This is the first study from an Australian primary care perspective to gauge the attitudes and experiences of GPs on their use of chaperones. It will provide vital information to inform the next step of extending this research to a national GP audience. From an international perspective, this study provides an excellent template for other primary care clinicians to conduct research in this important field of doctor-patient relationship.

van Hecke, Oliver; Jones, Kay M.

2012-01-01

76

Anglo-Indian residential care homes: accounts from Kolkata and Melbourne.  

PubMed

Research was conducted in four Anglo-Indian residential care facilities (one in Melbourne and three in Kolkata) which identified the distinctly Anglo-Indian characteristics of the institutions and sought to ascertain residents' attitudes towards and reasons for living in them. The methods used were ethnographic: participant observation fieldwork combined with semi-structured informal interviews over the course of multiple research visits. The histories of the institutions were examined, including the purpose of their establishment. All four institutions are unique, but share common characteristics such as distinctly Anglo-Indian food, religious observance, and hospitality. Residents' values and background, accents, and their (and their children's) migration experiences are also shared. This article looks closely at what makes these homes distinctly Anglo-Indian, and compares residents' narratives about why they chose to live in the ethnic-specific residential facilities in the two cities. This forms the basis for the argument presented here that in an increasingly globalised world the need for ethnic-specific homes for residents to spend their last years in a culturally familiar environment is growing rapidly. In conjunction with this is a need for published research on such homes to provide models for these types of facilities. PMID:22201008

Andrews, Robyn A

2012-03-01

77

The profile of health problems in African immigrants attending an infectious disease unit in Melbourne, Australia.  

PubMed

The number of African immigrants living in Western countries is increasing. A retrospective audit of sub-Saharan African patients attending the infectious diseases clinics of a Melbourne teaching hospital was performed. A total of 375 patients were included. Helicobacter pylori gastritis was diagnosed in 60% of those tested (35/58), schistosomiasis in 41% (84/206), chronic hepatitis B in 19% (32/167), and strongyloidiasis in 18% (32/179). Active tuberculosis (TB) affected 18% (51/276) and latent TB 55% (152/276). Pathologic parasites were detected in stool in 21% (31/145). Vitamin D deficiency (< 50 nmol/L) affected 73% (139/191), anemia 17% (52/312), iron deficiency 15% (22/151), and low neutrophil count 25% (78/312). Infectious diseases, vitamin D deficiency, anemia, and latent TB were common in sub-Saharan African immigrants. Clinicians need to be aware of these conditions to meet the health needs of this group. Comprehensive health checks should be encouraged for new arrivals, particularly from high-risk areas. PMID:19407128

Gibney, Katherine B; Mihrshahi, Seema; Torresi, Joseph; Marshall, Caroline; Leder, Karin; Biggs, Beverley-Ann

2009-05-01

78

GPS sensing of precipitable water vapour during the March 2010 Melbourne storm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The March 2010 Melbourne storm is used as a case study to examine the potential of using Global Positioning System (GPS) observations for studying the precipitable water vapour (PWV) field. The Victorian statewide GPS infrastructure network, i.e. GPSnet, was used in this study. GPSnet is currently the only statewide and densest GPS infrastructure network in Australia, which provides an excellent opportunity to examine the distribution of water vapour as the severe weather system passed over the state. Data from 15 GPSnet stations were processed over a one-week period, i.e. a few days prior to and after the storm passage, during which the course of the storm extended from the west to the southeast corner of the state. In addition, data from two radiosonde sites of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology Upper Air Network were used to compare and validate the GPS derived PWV measurements. The findings demonstrate that there is strong spatial and temporal correlation between variations of the ground-based GPS-PWV estimates and the passage of the storm over the state. This is encouraging as the ground-based GPS water vapour sensing technique can be considered as a supplemental meteorological sensor in studying severe weather events. The advantage of using ground-based GPS-PWV technique is that it is capable of providing continuous observation of the storm passage with high temporal resolution. The spatial resolution of the distribution of water vapour is dependent on the geographical location and density of the GPS stations.

Choy, S.; Wang, C.; Zhang, K.; Kuleshov, Y.

2013-11-01

79

Drug use among homeless young people in Los Angeles and Melbourne  

PubMed Central

Purpose To examine the effect of time spent homeless on young people’s substance use and use of drug and alcohol services in two countries with contrasting policy and service environments. Methods A cross-national survey was conducted of recently homeless and experienced homeless young people in Melbourne (N=674) and Los Angeles (N=620). Questions were asked about alcohol and drug use in the past three months, frequency of use, injecting drug use, drug dependency and perceived need for, and use of, drug and alcohol services. Data were analyzed using logistic regression. Results Substantial numbers of young people reported use of alcohol and drugs. More Australians than Americans and more experienced than newly homeless reported drug use, although there were no differences in frequency of use in the past three months. Polydrug use was common, as were injecting drugs and responses that signified drug dependency. All were more common among Australians and experienced homeless young people. A substantial number of young people had ‘ever’ taken part in a drug or alcohol program but only a minority believed that they needed help from services. Of these, only a minority had sought help. This was particularly so among those who were classified as drug dependent. Reasons for failure to seek help varied. Conclusion Substance use is alarmingly high compared to national samples of young people, especially among those who had been homeless for longer periods. Programs to reduce substance use must take account of the prevailing drug cultures, as well as different sub-groups of the population.

Rosenthal, Doreen; Mallett, Shelley; Milburn, Norweeta; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane

2008-01-01

80

Demographic, seasonal, and spatial differences in acute myocardial infarction admissions to hospital in Melbourne Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Seasonal patterns in cardiac disease in the northern hemisphere are well described in the literature. More recently age and gender differences in cardiac mortality and to a lesser extent morbidity have been presented. To date spatial differences between the seasonal patterns of cardiac disease has not been presented. Literature relating to seasonal patterns in cardiac disease in the southern hemisphere and in Australia in particular is scarce. The aim of this paper is to describe the seasonal, age, gender, and spatial patterns of cardiac disease in Melbourne Australia by using acute myocardial infarction admissions to hospital as a marker of cardiac disease. Results There were 33,165 Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) admissions over 2186 consecutive days. There is a seasonal pattern in AMI admissions with increased rates during the colder months. The peak month is July. The admissions rate is greater for males than for females, although this difference decreases with advancing age. The maximal AMI season for males extends from April to November. The difference between months of peak and minimum admissions was 33.7%. Increased female AMI admissions occur from May to November, with a variation between peak and minimum of 23.1%. Maps of seasonal AMI admissions demonstrate spatial differences. Analysis using Global and Local Moran's I showed increased spatial clustering during the warmer months. The Bivariate Moran's I statistic indicated a weaker relationship between AMI and age during the warmer months. Conclusion There are two distinct seasons with increased admissions during the colder part of the year. Males present a stronger seasonal pattern than females. There are spatial differences in AMI admissions throughout the year that cannot be explained by the age structure of the population. The seasonal difference in AMI admissions warrants further investigation. This includes detailing the prevalence of cardiac disease in the community and examining issues of social and environmental justice.

Loughnan, Margaret E; Nicholls, Neville; Tapper, Nigel J

2008-01-01

81

Offline evaluation of the Community Land Model - Urban for Toulouse (France) and Melbourne (Australia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban climate models provide a useful tool for assessing the impacts of urban land surface modification on urban climates. It provides a mechanism for trialling different scenarios for urban heat island mitigation. Only recently, urban land surfaces have been included in global and regional climate models. Often they represent a trade-off between the complexity of the biophysical processes of the urban canopy layer and the computational demands in order to be workable on regional climate time scales. This study employs the Community Land Model (CLM) which was recently extended with a single layer urban canopy scheme (CLM-U). And although it is primarily developed as a tool for regional climate scales, we intent to extend its reach and use it for local (neighborhood) scales in a changing climate context. Hence, an off-line validation is performed using meteorological observations for Toulouse (France) and multiple medium density urban areas in Melbourne (Australia). Model results are evaluated against observations of the surface energy balance from flux towers, including evapotranspiration, and show that the model is able to correctly address (urban) energy partitioning including high urban heat storage, and low evapotranspiration rates. Furthermore an investigation was undertaken to explore first of all the capacity of the model to incorporate Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) features, mimicking vegetated and non-vegetated infiltration systems, open water bodies and other green infrastructure. In a second step, the effectiveness of WSUD integration scenarios are also compared with other common mitigation strategies such as increasing albedo and controlling urban morphology.

Demuzere, M.; Coutts, A.; van Lipzig, N. P. M.; Oleson, K.

2012-04-01

82

Does parkland influence walking? The relationship between area of parkland and walking trips in Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Using two different measures of park area, at three buffer distances, we sought to investigate the ways in which park area and proximity to parks, are related to the frequency of walking (for all purposes) in Australian adults. Little previous research has been conducted in this area, and results of existing research have been mixed. Methods Residents of 50 urban areas in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia completed a physical activity survey (n = 2305). Respondents reported how often they walked for ?10 minutes in the previous month. Walking frequency was dichotomised to ‘less than weekly’ (less than 1/week) and ‘at least weekly’ (1/week or more). Using Geographic Information Systems, Euclidean buffers were created around each respondent’s home at three distances: 400metres (m), 800 m and 1200 m. Total area of parkland in each person’s buffer was calculated for the three buffers. Additionally, total area of ‘larger parks’, (park space???park with Australian Rules Football oval (17,862 m2)), was calculated for each set of buffers. Area of park was categorised into tertiles for area of all parks, and area of larger parks (the lowest tertile was used as the reference category). Multilevel logistic regression, with individuals nested within areas, was used to estimate the effect of area of parkland on walking frequency. Results No statistically significant associations were found between walking frequency and park area (total and large parks) within 400 m of respondent’s homes. For total park area within 800 m, the odds of walking at least weekly were lower for those in the mid (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.46-0.91) and highest (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.44-0.95) tertile of park area compared to those living in areas with the least amount of park area. Similar results were observed for total park area in the 1200 m buffers. When only larger parks were investigated, again more frequent walking was less likely when respondents had access to a greater amount of park area. Conclusions In this study we found that more park area in residential environments reduced the odds of walking more frequently. Other area characteristics such as street connectivity and destinations may underlie these associations by negatively correlating with park area.

2012-01-01

83

Mental health first aid training for the Chinese community in Melbourne, Australia: effects on knowledge about and attitudes toward people with mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate in members of the Chinese community in Melbourne the impact of Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training on knowledge about mental disorders and on attitudes to people with mental illness. The hypotheses were that at the end of the training participants would have increased knowledge of mental disorders and related treatments,

Angus YK Lam; Anthony F Jorm; Daniel FK Wong

2010-01-01

84

A culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention can successfully treat the components of metabolic syndrome in female Pakistani immigrants residing in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to test the effectiveness of a culturally appropriate diet and lifestyle intervention to treat metabolic syndrome in female Pakistani immigrants residing in Melbourne, Australia. Forty Pakistani women with metabolic syndrome (aged 20-50 years) completed a 12-week culturally appropriate diet and exercise program. Results indicate that, before intervention, participants were sedentary, taking 4000 ± 22.6 steps per

Rizwana Kousar; Cate Burns; Paul Lewandowski

2008-01-01

85

Energy efficiency and the environment: the potential for energy efficient lighting to save energy and reduce carbon dioxide emissions at Melbourne University, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the potential to improve the energy efficiency of lighting systems at Melbourne University was assessed. The cost effectiveness of different lighting technology alternatives was also calculated. Electricity used by existing 1.2 metre fluorescent lighting fixtures and four energy efficient lighting technology alternatives was compared. Relative to the existing system, installation of the four lighting technology alternatives would

Julian Di Stefano

2000-01-01

86

Film and Language Learning in Victorian Schools: A Study of the 2009 Next Gen Program of the "Melbourne International Film Festival"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the role of film in language education based on a study of the 2009 "Melbourne International Film Festival" (MIFF). It is structured around a literature review and results from surveys of students and teachers who participated in the young people's section of the program, Next Gen. The article argues that film can provide…

Lo Bianco, Hana

2010-01-01

87

The unintended segregation of transnational students in central Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Links between the rapid growth of tertiary students resident in a city and that city’s gentrification have recently been proposed in a UK-based literature about ‘studentification’. These analyses frame student subjectivity, identity, and experience in particular ways—students are agents of urban change, propelling shifts in neighbourhood housing and entertainment submarkets in a manner that local host communities often resent. Consideration

Ruth Fincher; Kate Shaw

2009-01-01

88

Children's Television Behaviour: Its Antecedents and Relationship to School Performance. A Study of the Television Viewing Behaviour of Children in Grade 6 of State Primary Schools in the Metropolitan Area of Melbourne.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was conducted to describe the television viewing habits of grade 6 children in primary schools within the metropolitan area of Melbourne, Australia; to examine the nature of the relationships between factors found to be relevant in explaining tele...

K. J. Sharman

1979-01-01

89

Phaeochromocytoma: a review of the St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne experience (1969-84) and of recent advances in management.  

PubMed

Phaeochromocytoma is an unusual tumour which is eminently curable by surgical means. It is difficult to diagnose clinically because it mimics other illnesses. The clinical features of 13 cases of phaeochromocytoma diagnosed at St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, between 1969 and 1984 are briefly described. This review emphasizes the several major improvements in both diagnostic and localizing tests which have occurred over the 16 year period of the series. These include the clonidine suppression test and plasma and urine catecholamine estimations in diagnosis and techniques such as CT scanning and the I131-meta-iodobenzyl-guanidine scan used for localization of the tumour. Careful pre-operative preparation, based on adequate alpha blockade and intra-operative monitoring, is essential for the safe and successful removal of the tumour, which was eventually accomplished for all 12 cases in which removal was attempted. However, the most important step in the diagnosis and treatment of phaeochromocytoma is the initial consideration of the diagnosis. This step depends on the level of awareness of the disorder amongst clinicians. PMID:3868410

Vellar, I D; Best, J D; Davies, M; Styles, C; Bennett, R C

1985-10-01

90

Survey of patient satisfaction with the Breastfeeding Education and Support Services of The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne  

PubMed Central

Background The Breastfeeding Education and Support Services (BESS) is a unit of The Royal Women's Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, staffed by International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs), providing day/short-stay and an outpatient clinic for mothers and infants with breastfeeding problems. It is important to measure women's experience of visiting the service as part of quality assurance. The aim of this project was to conduct an anonymous postal survey of clients' satisfaction with BESS. Methods An anonymous survey was posted on 16 November 2005 and again on 31 January 2006, to all women who had attended BESS in September 2005. Results The response rate was 60.5% (78/129). Eighty percent (62/78) of respondents attended day-stay, 33% (26/78) attended short-stay and 15% (12/78) attended the outpatient clinic. The percentage of women who responded "strongly agree" to the statement "Overall, I am satisfied with the services" was 49% (35/72) and 50% (6/12) for those who went to day/short-stay and the outpatient clinic respectively. Overall, 56% of all respondents responded that the quality of BESS was "better than expected". The most common breastfeeding problem reported was difficulty attaching the baby to the breast, followed by nipple damage, low milk supply and painful feeding. Conclusion BESS seems to have provided a satisfactory service to most clients. Most respondents were clearly satisfied with the support given by the IBCLCs and have also responded that the staff were professional and knowledgeable in their field of work.

Chin, Li Yen; Amir, Lisa H

2008-01-01

91

Prevalence and risk factors for VRE colonisation in a tertiary hospital in Melbourne, Australia: a cross sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) has been established as a significant health-care associated problem since its first isolation in Australia in 1994. In this study, we measured the point prevalence and identified risk factors associated with vanB VRE colonisation in a tertiary care hospital in Melbourne, Australia where VRE has been endemic for 15 years. Methods A hospital-wide point prevalence survey was conducted on October 13, 2008 with colonisation detected using rectal swab culture. Patient’s demographic and medical information was collected through a review of medical records. Factors associated with VRE colonisation in univariate analysis were included in multivariate logistic regression model to adjust for confounding. Results The prevalence of VRE colonisation on the day of screening was 17.5% (95% CI, 13.7 to 21.9). VRE was detected from patients in each ward with the prevalence ranging from 3% to 29%. Univariate analysis showed the use of any antibiotic, meropenem, ciprofloxacin, diarrhoea and longer length of hospital stay were associated with increased risk of VRE colonisation (p<0.05). However, age, sex, proximity to VRE positive cases, use of other antibiotics including cephalosporins, vancomycin were not associated with increased risk (P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed the exposure to meropenem (p=0.004), age (?65 years) (p=0.036) and length of stay ?7 days (p<0.001) as independent predictors of VRE colonisation. Conclusion Our study suggests that exposure to antibiotics may have been more important than recent cross transmission for a high prevalence of vanB VRE colonisation at our hospital.

2012-01-01

92

A parent focused child obesity prevention intervention improves some mother obesity risk behaviors: the Melbourne inFANT Program  

PubMed Central

Background The diets, physical activity and sedentary behavior levels of both children and adults in Australia are suboptimal. The family environment, as the first ecological niche of children, exerts an important influence on the onset of children’s habits. Parent modeling is one part of this environment and a logical focus for child obesity prevention initiatives. The focus on parent’s own behaviors provides a potential opportunity to decrease obesity risk behaviors in parents as well. Objective To assess the effect of a parent-focused early childhood obesity prevention intervention on first-time mothers’ diets, physical activity and TV viewing time. Methods The Melbourne InFANT Program is a cluster-randomized controlled trial which involved 542 mothers over their newborn’s first 18?months of life. The intervention focused on parenting skills and strategies, including parental modeling, and aimed to promote development of healthy child and parent behaviors from birth, including healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced TV viewing time. Data regarding mothers’ diet (food frequency questionnaire), physical activity and TV viewing times (self-reported questionnaire) were collected using validated tools at both baseline and post-intervention. Four dietary patterns were derived at baseline using principal components analyses including frequencies of 55 food groups. Analysis of covariance was used to measure the impact of the intervention. Results The scores of both the "High-energy snack and processed foods" and the "High-fat foods" dietary patterns decreased more in the intervention group: -0.22 (?0.42;-0.02) and ?0.25 (?0.50;-0.01), respectively. No other significant intervention vs. control effects were observed regarding total physical activity, TV viewing time, and the two other dietary patterns, i.e. “Fruits and vegetables” and “Cereals and sweet foods”. Conclusions These findings suggest that supporting first-time mothers to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors in their infants impacts maternal dietary intakes positively. Further research needs to assess ways in which we might further enhance those lifestyle behaviors not impacted by the InFANT intervention.

2012-01-01

93

Self-reported medication side effects in an older cohort living independently in the community - the Melbourne Longitudinal Study on Healthy Ageing (MELSHA): cross-sectional analysis of prevalence and risk factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Medication side effects are an important cause of morbidity, mortality and costs in older people. The aim of our study was to examine prevalence and risk factors for self-reported medication side effects in an older cohort living independently in the community. METHODS: The Melbourne Longitudinal Study on Healthy Ageing (MELSHA), collected information on those aged 65 years or older

Jennifer A Thomson; Wei C Wang; Colette Browning; Hal L Kendig

2010-01-01

94

Changes in sub-daily rainfall at Melbourne, Australia, 1950-2007: a neglected aspect of climate change with implications for ecohydrology and catchment water yield.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The implications of global and regional climate change for rainfall have largely been considered in terms of seasonal and annual totals, and in relation to changed occurrence of rainfall extremes. However, ecosystem function on daily timescales is driven by the properties of frequent rain events, which typically have durations measured in hours. Little appears to have been resolved about how the properties of rain events may change, and what the implications might be for ecohydrology. To better understand changes in catchment water yield and the conversion of rain to functionally available water within ecosystems, the changing properties of sub-daily rainfall in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, have been explored using 58 years of 6-minute rainfall data. Results show that though median rain day depths have not changed, rain rates have declined from a median of 1.1 mm/h in the 1970s to 0.6 mm/h in 2000-2007. Rainfall intermittency, defined by the number of cessations of rain per day, has declined from a median of 4 cessations in the 1950s to 1 cessation per day in 2000-2007. In the 1950s, the median of the maximum duration of continuous rain during a day was 0.9 h, but by 2000-2007 this had increased to 2.4 h. Rain event depths peaked in the 1970s and 1980s at about 3.0 mm. Since then, event depths have declined, and the years 2000-2007 exhibit the smallest median event depth since the 1970s, 1.4 mm, a decline of > 50%. Thus, the rainfall climate of Melbourne considered at sub-daily timescales has changed in favour of prolonged rain events with lower rain rates and smaller event depths. Such changes in rain event properties have the potential to exacerbate the effects of declining annual rainfalls. Events with lower rain rates lose a larger fraction of the incident rain to wet canopy evaporation. Smaller rain events are less able to penetrate plant canopies and ground litter to replenish the soil moisture store. Thus, it appears that changes in sub-daily rainfall may be of considerable significance to ecohydrology and to the production of water supply from forested catchments.

Dunkerley, D.

2009-04-01

95

Individual characteristics are less important than event characteristics in predicting protected and unprotected anal intercourse among homosexual and bisexual men in Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe individual, social network and encounter specific factors associated with protected anal intercourse (PAI) and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI). Methods This was a cross sectional survey conducted between April and November 2002. A total of 733 sexual encounters were reported by 202 men recruited from the gay community in Melbourne, Australia. Predictors of self reported PAI and UAI were examined. Results Of the 733 sexual events most (56.3%) did not involve anal intercourse, and more involved PAI than UAI (30.6% versus 13.1%). PAI was more likely than no anal intercourse (NAI) if the participant's social network was mostly homosexual, the partner was an occasional or casual partner, or was HIV positive. PAI was less likely if sex took place at a “beat” but more likely if it took place at a sauna. PAI was more likely if the partner was affected by drugs or alcohol. UAI was more likely than NAI if the participant had injected drugs in the year before interview. It was less likely if the partner was occasional or casual or was HIV positive but more likely if the partner's HIV status was unknown. UAI was much more likely than NAI if the encounter took place at a “sex on premises” venue. Conclusions In this analysis it is the characteristics of the sexual encounter that predict whether PAI or UAI rather than NAI takes place.

Smith, A M A; Grierson, J; Pitts, M; Pattison, P

2006-01-01

96

Recommendations for and compliance with social restrictions during implementation of school closures in the early phase of the influenza A (H1N1) 2009 outbreak in Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Localized reactive school and classroom closures were implemented as part of a suite of pandemic containment measures during the initial response to influenza A (H1N1) 2009 in Melbourne, Australia. Infected individuals, and those who had been in close contact with a case, were asked to stay in voluntary home quarantine and refrain from contact with visitors for seven days from the date of symptom onset or exposure to an infected person. Oseltamivir (Tamiflu®) was available for treatment or prophylaxis. Methods We surveyed affected families through schools involved in the closures. Analyses of responses were descriptive. We characterized recommendations made to case and contact households and quantified adherence to guidelines and antiviral therapy. Results Of the 314 respondent households, 51 contained a confirmed case. The prescribed quarantine period ranged from 1-14 days, reflecting logistic difficulties in reactive implementation relative to the stated guidelines. Household-level compliance with the requirement to stay at home was high (84.5%, 95% CI 79.3,88.5) and contact with children outside the immediate family infrequent. Conclusions Levels of compliance with recommendations in our sample were high compared with other studies, likely due to heightened public awareness of a newly introduced virus of uncertain severity. The variability of reported recommendations highlighted the difficulties inherent in implementing a targeted reactive strategy, such as that employed in Melbourne, on a large scale during a public health emergency. This study emphasizes the need to understand how public health measures are implemented when seeking to evaluate their effectiveness.

2011-01-01

97

Translation into French of: "Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne - what does e-publication mean for you?". Translated by Christian Feuillet and Val?ry Mal?cot Changements des conditions requises pour la publication faits au XVIII e Congr?s International de Botanique ? Melbourne - qu'est-ce que la publication ?lectronique repr?sente pour vous?  

PubMed Central

Résumé Les changements au Code International de Nomenclature Botanique sont décidés tous les 6 ans aux Sections de Nomenclature associées aux Congrès Internationaux de Botanique (CIB). Le XVIIIe CIB se tenait à Melbourne, Australie; la Section de Nomenclature s’est réunie les 18-22 juillet 2011 et ses décisions ont été acceptées par le Congrès en session plénière le 30 juillet. Suite à cette réunion, plusieurs modifications importantes ont été apportées au Code et vont affecter la publication de nouveaux noms. Deux de ces changements prendront effet le 1er janvier 2012, quelques mois avant que le Code de Melbourne soit publié. Les documents électroniques publiés en ligne en ‘Portable Document Format’ (PDF) avec un ‘International Standard Serial Number’ (ISSN) ou un ‘International Standard Book Number’ (ISBN) constitueront une publication effective, et l’exigence d’une description ou d’une diagnose en latin pour les noms des nouveaux taxa sera changée en l’exigence d’une description ou d’une diagnose en latin ou en anglais. De plus, à partir du 1er janvier 2013, les noms nouveaux des organismes traités comme champignons devront, pour que la publication soit valide, inclure dans le protologue (tous ce qui est associé au nom au moment de la publication valide) la citation d’un identifiant (‘identifier’) fourni par un dépôt reconnu (tel MycoBank). Une ébauche des nouveaux articles concernant la publication électronique est fournie et des conseils de bon usage sont esquissés. Pour encourager la diffusion des changements adoptés au Code International de Nomenclature pour les algues, les champignons et les plantes, cet article sera publié dans BMC Evolutionary Biology, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Brittonia, Cladistics, MycoKeys, Mycotaxon, New Phytologist, North American Fungi, Novon, Opuscula Philolichenum, PhytoKeys, Phytoneuron, Phytotaxa, Plant Diversity and Resources, Systematic Botany et Taxon.

Knapp, Sandra; McNeill, John; Turland, Nicholas J.

2011-01-01

98

Self-reported medication side effects in an older cohort living independently in the community - the Melbourne Longitudinal Study on Healthy Ageing (MELSHA): cross-sectional analysis of prevalence and risk factors  

PubMed Central

Background Medication side effects are an important cause of morbidity, mortality and costs in older people. The aim of our study was to examine prevalence and risk factors for self-reported medication side effects in an older cohort living independently in the community. Methods The Melbourne Longitudinal Study on Healthy Ageing (MELSHA), collected information on those aged 65 years or older living independently in the community and commenced in 1994. Data on medication side effects was collected from the baseline cohort (n = 1000) in face-to-face baseline interviews in 1994 and analysed as cross-sectional data. Risk factors examined were: socio-demographics, health status and medical conditions; medication use and health service factors. Analysis included univariate logistic regression to estimate unadjusted risk and multivariate logistic regression analysis to assess confounding and estimate adjusted risk. Results Self-reported medication side effects were reported by approximately 6.7% (67/1000) of the entire baseline MELSHA cohort, and by 8.5% (65/761) of those on medication. Identified risk factors were increased education level, co-morbidities and health service factors including recency of visiting the pharmacist, attending younger doctors, and their doctor's awareness of their medications. The greatest increase in risk for medication side effects was associated with liver problems and their doctor's awareness of their medications. Aging and gender were not risk factors. Conclusion Prevalence of self-reported medication side effects was comparable with that reported in adults attending General Practices in a primary care setting in Australia. The prevalence and identified risk factors provide further insight and opportunity to develop strategies to address the problem of medication side effects in older people living independently in the community setting.

2010-01-01

99

‘You Have to be Anglo and Not Look Like Me’: identity and belonging among young women of Turkish and Latin American backgrounds in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the ethnic identities of 50 second-generation migrant-Australian women aged 17–28 years. Twenty-five women were from Turkish backgrounds and 25 women were from South and Central American (or ‘Latin’) backgrounds. The overwhelming majority of the women interviewed for this study had travelled extensively to their families’ countries of origin, and their experiences growing up in Australia alongside their

Zuleyka Zevallos

2008-01-01

100

DESIGN OF CENTRAL SOLAR HEATING WITH UNDERGROUND SEASONAL STORAGE IN AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The simulation of the central solar heating system with seasonal storage has done by using TRNSYS to predict thermal performances and economic aspects. The location of the simulated site is at Glenroy, Melbourne, a southern part of Australia (latitude: 37º 42´ S, longitude: 144º 5´ E, altitude: 97 m.). The meteorological conditions data are prepared by Meteonorm, based on 10

N. Chotivisarut; T. Kiatsiriroat; L. Aye

101

Comparison of TRMM precipitation radar with NEXRAD and in-situ rain gauges in central and south Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to use various mathematical methods for processing precipitation data and presenting an independent ground-based measurement of rainfall rate and accumulation for calibration of TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR). Reflectivity data from the Melbourne National Weather Service WSR-88D Next generation Radar (NEXRAD) were collocated in time and space with gauge data located in Central and South

Qinghua Han; Chris Eubanks; W. Linwood Jones; Takis Kasparis

2000-01-01

102

Dilemmas of Dissent: International Students' Protest, Melbourne 2006/2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International students in Australia are not usually identified with protest. However, a cohort of such students at one university campus was prepared to undertake robust public protest over alleged academic mistreatment in 2006/2007, eschewing conventional internal mechanisms for the resolution of such problems. Subsequent developments revealed…

Rodan, Paul

2008-01-01

103

Comparison of TRMM precipitation radar with NEXRAD and in-situ rain gauges in central and south Florida  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this paper is to use various mathematical methods for processing precipitation data and presenting an independent ground-based measurement of rainfall rate and accumulation for calibration of TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR). Reflectivity data from the Melbourne National Weather Service WSR-88D Next generation Radar (NEXRAD) were collocated in time and space with gauge data located in Central and South Florida. The corresponding NEXRAD reflectivity (Z) and gauge rain states (R) were matched. Different regression methods were tested to find a suitable Z-R relationship for convective and stratiform rainfall for Melbourne NEXRAD. This Z-R relationship was used to produce instantaneous rain rate maps, and monthly rain accumulation maps. This resulted in a large coverage area for comparison with TRMM PR rain products; instantaneous rain rate, and average monthly rain rate. Statistics are presented for three months operations during August and September 1998, and June 1999.

Han, Qinghua; Eubanks, Chris; Jones, W. Linwood; Kasparis, Takis

2000-07-01

104

MANAGERS' ROLE IN IMPLEMENTING ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE: CASE OF THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY IN MELBOURNE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The restaurant industry is an integral segment of the hospitality sector that is sensitive to external environmental changes. In order to remain competitive, restaurants must be flexible to quickly react and adapt to external environment challenges. Due to the close interactions and relationships between employees and managers, there can be direct effects on a restaurants performance when internal and external

Mindy Man Min Chew; Joseph S. L. Cheng; Sonja Petrovic-Lazarevic

105

She would say that, he's from Melbourne: fun and games with Dame Edna and Barry Humphries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the role that urban place and specifically urban comparison play in the public performances of both the comedian Barry Humphries and the character Edna Everage. In developing Claire Colebrook's analysis of satire as a form of humour that is physically and historically located, we argue that the initial success of Humphries’ satire rests on his elaboration of

Deb Verhoeven; Brian Morris

2009-01-01

106

Report on ISN Forefronts, Melbourne, Australia, 4-7 October 2012: tubulointerstitial disease in diabetic nephropathy.  

PubMed

The mechanisms involved in expansion of the tubulointerstitial compartment of the kidney in individuals with diabetes are not well understood. Given that tubulointerstitial damage is an important predictor of progression to end-stage kidney disease in most forms of chronic kidney disease it is imperative to gain a greater understanding of the processes involved. With this in mind, a very clear objective for the scientific content of this meeting was to spend more than half the program outside the comfort zone of nephrology, gaining insights from sources such as neurodegenerative and mitochondrial diseases, stem cells, cancer and high-level computing to reconstruct organ systems. The meeting also aimed to place the new concepts presented in the context of current knowledge in diabetic kidney disease and the milestones achieved to date in this area. The presenters were all extremely generous, giving not only their time, but also showing a large proportion of unpublished data to stimulate discussions, questions and innovation.Kidney International advance online publication, 22 May 2013; doi:10.1038/ki.2013.89. PMID:23698229

Forbes, Josephine M; Harris, David C H; Cooper, Mark E

2013-05-22

107

Re-imagining City Waterfronts: A Comparative Analysis of Governing Renewal in Adelaide, Darwin and Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban waterfront regeneration is one of the largest changes to the structure of Australian and many world cities over the last two decades. There is no comparative research which evaluates their governing with particular attention to the relationship and responsibility of quasi-public agencies and local government. This study advances the competitive-city paradigm from a focus on global cities to an

Susan Oakley

2011-01-01

108

Case?control study of dietary etiological factors: The Melbourne colorectal cancer study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a large?scale investigation of colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence, etiology, and survival, a case?control study was conducted to identify dietary factors associated with the risk of CRC. The study compared 715 cases with 727 age? and sex?matched community controls. A quantitative diet history, assessed to be the most representative of the previous 20 years, was obtained from each

Susan Kune; Gabriel A. Kune; Lyndsey F. Watson

1987-01-01

109

Case?control study of alcoholic beverages as etiological factors: The Melbourne colorectal cancer study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a large?scale investigation of colorectal cancer incidence, etiology, and survival, a case?control study was conducted to identify whether diet and alcohol, among other variables, were associated with the risk of colorectal cancer. The study compared 715 cases with 727 age?and sex?matched community controls. Findings from the dietary data are presented in the previous paper (Nutr Cancer 9,

Susan Kune; Gabriel A. Kune; Lyndsey F. Watson

1987-01-01

110

Area Wage Survey - Melbourne-Titusville-Cocoa, Florida, Metropolitan area, August 1973.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first A-series tables provide information on wage levels at the time of the survey for selected office clerical, professional and technical, maintenance and powerplant, and custodial and material movement occupations. The last two A-tables provide inf...

1973-01-01

111

Placing Graffiti: Creating and Contesting Character in Inner-city Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debates over definitions of urban graffiti as either ‘street art’ or ‘vandalism’ tend to focus on either contributions to the field of artistic practice or violations of a legal code. This paper explores the place of graffiti as an urban spatial practice—why is graffiti where it is and what is its role in the constructions and experiences of place? Through

Kim Dovey; Simon Wollan; Ian Woodcock

2012-01-01

112

Negotiating Family, Navigating Resettlement: Family Connectedness amongst Resettled Youth with Refugee Backgrounds Living in Melbourne, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Refugee adolescents resettling in a new country face many challenges, and being part of a supportive family is a critical factor in assisting them to achieve wellbeing and create positive futures. This longitudinal study documents experiences of family life in the resettlement context of 120 young people with refugee backgrounds living in…

McMichael, C.; Gifford, S. M.; Correa-Velez, I.

2011-01-01

113

Proceedings of the Joint Seminar; Hydrogen Management in Steel Weldments, Melbourne, Australia, 23rd October 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Despite 50 years of research into the prevention of hydrogen induced cracking in weldments, this form of cracking is still the most serious problem facing the steel fabrication industry today. Increased performance for defence platforms requires stronger ...

D. L. Olson I. Maroef C. Lensing R. D. SMith W. W. Wang

1997-01-01

114

Whiteness and the city: Australians of Anglo-Indian heritage in suburban Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses an auto-ethnographic approach to map how two Melburnians of Anglo-Indian heritage make sense of their belonging through connections to cities within the South Asian diaspora, in particular, Lahore, Kolkata and London. As diasporic writers of mixed descent working within the disciplines of geography and visual culture, we use food and images of public space as entry points

Michele Lobo; Leslie Morgan

2012-01-01

115

Research and VET Decision-Making: February 1997 Symposium (Melbourne, Australia, February 19-20, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains the speaking notes, spoken comments, and prepared papers of the participants in a 1997 symposium on utilization of vocational education and training (VET) research in VET decision making in Australia. The document begins with the "Introduction" (Chris Selby Smith). The next six sections contain the speaking notes and/or…

Smith, Chris Selby, Ed.

116

Demographic, seasonal, and spatial differences in acute myocardial infarction admissions to hospital in Melbourne Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Seasonal patterns in cardiac disease in the northern hemisphere are well described in the literature. More recently age and gender differences in cardiac mortality and to a lesser extent morbidity have been presented. To date spatial differences between the seasonal patterns of cardiac disease has not been presented. Literature relating to seasonal patterns in cardiac disease in the southern

Margaret E Loughnan; Neville Nicholls; Nigel J Tapper

2008-01-01

117

Postcolonial criticism, ecocriticism and climate change: A tale of Melbourne under water in 2035  

Microsoft Academic Search

The difficulty that postcolonial critics have found in opposing the recent, aggressive phase of capitalism known as “globalization” has led to a crisis of relevancy in the discipline. Engaging with ecocritical discourses is one way to overcome this crisis. Some postcolonial poets and writers are already working in this way, and although historically ecocriticism has posed problems for postcolonial critics,

Anne Maxwell

2009-01-01

118

Perceptions and Realities of Personal Safety on Public Transport for Young People in Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to explore how perceptions of safety relate to actual experience in the context of urban public transport. It presents the results of an empirical analysis of links between perceptions of personal safety on public transport and compares these with actual experience of travellers. The focus of the work is a survey of young people using public transport

Graham Currie; Alexa Delbosc; Sarah Mahmoud

2010-01-01

119

Perceptions and realitities of personal safety on public transport for young people in Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to explore how perceptions of safety relate to actual experience in the context of urban public transport. It presents the results of an empirical analysis of links between perceptions of personal safety on public transport and compares these with actual experience of travellers. The focus of the work is a survey of young people using public transport

Graham Currie; Alexa Delbosc; Sarah Mahmoud

2010-01-01

120

Postal presence: A case study of mobile customisation and gender in Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Larrissa Hjorth's study of mobile phone personalisation in an Australian sample group sees the sending of text (SMS) and picture (MMS) messages as crucial to the maintenance of personal social connections. At the centre of this activity is the mobile phone itself, both as a machine for sending messages, and as an artefact that displays a message about the individual

Larissa Hjorth

2006-01-01

121

Etiology of Acute Gastroenteritis in Hospitalized Children in Melbourne, Australia, from April 1980 to March 1993  

PubMed Central

Acute infectious diarrhea is common in children. Control requires knowledge of causes. Few comprehensive long-term studies of etiology have been undertaken in developed countries. This report is of a 13-year survey of 4,637 children from 0 to 14 years of age, admitted to a large children’s hospital for treatment of gastroenteritis, in which viruses, bacteria, and parasites were sought. A recognized enteric pathogen was identified in 56.6% of children. Group A rotaviruses occurred in 39.6% of children overall and in 55% of children 12 to 23 months of age. They were a frequent cause (18.7%) of acute gastroenteritis in children under 6 months and in those aged 5 to 13 years (16%). Rotaviruses were almost entirely responsible for winter admission peaks. Enteric adenovirus types 40 and 41 (6% overall) were more frequent in children under 12 months (9.4%). Salmonella spp. (5.8%) and Campylobacter jejuni (3.4%) were more common in children over 5 years (13.1% and 6.7%, respectively). The 43.5% of cases (60% in children under 6 months) where no enteric pathogen was identified are cause for concern. The involvement of small viruses (including caliciviruses and astroviruses) may be clarified when molecular biology techniques are utilized to address this gap in our knowledge. This comprehensive 13-year study of the cause of acute infectious diarrhea in children in developed countries reinforces the importance of rotavirus and highlights a large group for whom the etiology remains unknown, an issue of particular concern with babies under 6 months of age. New techniques have the potential to identify old and new pathogens causing disease in these vulnerable infants.

Barnes, Graeme L.; Uren, Eric; Stevens, Kerrie B.; Bishop, Ruth F.

1998-01-01

122

Sex workers talk about sex work: six contradictory characteristics of legalised sex work in Melbourne, Australia.  

PubMed

Despite research suggesting that legal sex work is safe and that emotional risks and social stigma are of greater concern than health risks, much research on sex work has focused on health risks. Given the legalisation of sex work in Victoria, Australia, it is timely to look beyond health. Three focus groups were conducted with a total of 14 female sex workers on their experience of legal sex work, both positive and negative, and the social acceptability of their profession. Thematic analysis was used to identify the key ways that sex workers described sex work. Women saw legal sex work as safer than illegal sex work, but still not socially acceptable. However, they also described six contradictory elements of sex work, which was seen as: financially rewarding and entrapping; empowering and demeaning; increasing some opportunities while reducing others; flexible and demanding; offering both intimacy and competition; and leading to a 'double life'. While legalisation has improved the safety of sex work, stigma and discrimination persist. PMID:23173716

Begum, Sufia; Hocking, Jane S; Groves, Jan; Fairley, Christopher K; Keogh, Louise A

2012-11-23

123

Attitudes to Multicultural Values in Diverse Spaces in Australia's Immigrant Cities, Sydney and Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australia has in the past decade seen a decline in political support for multicultural values. However, public opinion on multiculturalism is contradictory rather than antipathetic: strong levels of support for cultural diversity co-exist with anti-multicultural attitudes. Some of this variation relates to compositional or socio-demographic (aspatial) associations, but in addition to these we identify an important spatial context to views

James Forrest; Kevin Dunn

2010-01-01

124

The Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: a review of the St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne experience.  

PubMed

Eight cases of the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome were diagnosed at St Vincent's Hospital in the period 1966-84. Although a rare tumour, its true incidence is almost certainly greater than the number of cases represented in this series. The Zollinger-Ellison syndrome should be suspected in all cases of recurrent peptic ulceration, in cases of peptic oesophagitis not responding to medical treatment, in some cases of diarrhoea and in those cases of peptic ulceration associated with hypercalcaemia. Rarely the gastrinoma may first present as a mass in the head of the pancreas causing obstructive jaundice. Diagnosis has been made easier by estimation of fasting serum gastrins and the use of the secretin test. Localization is difficult. The treatment of the condition remains contentious. In those cases shown to be harbouring a so-called solitary gastrinoma, laparotomy should be performed with a view to resection. If the gastrinoma cannot be localized then it is reasonable to use H2 blocking agents to control hypersecretion. The presence of hypercalcaemia due to hyperparathyroidism must be controlled by parathyroidectomy. Total gastrectomy is reserved for those few cases who for one reason or another are not controlled by adequate H2 blocking therapy. In the presence of malignant gastrinoma with metastatic disease, hypersecretion is controlled by the use of H2 blocking agents. In this group cytotoxic chemotherapy may be used in an attempt to control the mass effects of the tumour. PMID:3868409

Vellar, D; Henderson, M; Vellar, I D; Desmond, P

1985-10-01

125

Genital Candida Species Detected in Samples from Women in Melbourne, Australia, before and after Treatment with Antibiotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) remains a common cause of morbidity, with three-quarters of women affected during their lifetimes. Use of antibiotics is an acknowledged trigger for VVC, which adversely affects women's physical and emotional health. Knowledge of patterns of genital Candida species-level identification is important for management, as Candida species other than Candida albicans often fail first-line treatment. A community sample

Marie V. Pirotta; Suzanne M. Garland

2006-01-01

126

Information Management. VALA National Conference on Library Automation Proceedings (2nd, Melbourne, Australia, November 28-December 1, 1983). Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The second of two volumes of a conference preceedings, this volume contains the preprints of five submitted papers, which are published as submitted by the authors: M. Broadbent and L. B. McIntyre, "Information Management: Promise and Reality"; E. Spoor, "Management Information from Library Systems"; R. Walsh, "Integrated Information Management:…

Cheney, B. J., Ed.

127

Information Management. VALA National Conference on Library Automation Proceedings (2nd, Melbourne, Australia, November 28-December 1, 1983). Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first of two volumes of a conference proceedings, this document contains the welcome, the opening, the keynote addresses, and the invited papers, as well as a submitted paper by John Gillam which was not available for publication in the pre-prints (Volume 2) prior to the conference. Three addresses are not included in these proceedings and…

Cheney, B. J., Ed.

128

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

129

Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, 10th, University of Melbourne, Australia, Dec. 11-15, 1989, Proceedings. Vols. 1 & 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present conference on fluid mechanics discusses turbulent boundary layers, optical experimental techniques, acoustics, free shear/mixing layers, hypervelocity, bluff bodies, and coherent structures. Attention is given to abrupt pressure gradients on the structure of turbulent boundary layers, instability characteristics in jets, supersonic separated flow over a swept compression corner, the structure of the instantaneous density field in supersonic boundary layers, and effects of rotation on homogeneous turbulence. Also discussed are an experimental study of forced steamwise vortical structures in a plane mixing layer, prediction of turbulent swirling flow in a diffuser with a tailpipe, numerical simulation of laminar hypersonic boundary layer flows, and investigation of hypersonic injection. Topics addressed include structures in diffusion flames, a new flying hot-wire system for flow topology studies, heat transfer in a turbulent boundary layer, and hypersonic 3D flow past winged bodies.

Perry, A. E.

130

A case study in the globalization of medical education: assisting overseas-born students at the University of Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Over the past decade there has been a remarkable increase in ethnic diversity among Australian medical students. This phenomenon has been driven by two forces: the dispropor- tionate school-level academic success achieved by first-generation migrant and refugee-origin youth, and the rapid globalization of Australia's tertiary education system, in a context where reduced government funding has accelerated the development of

Lesleyanne Hawthorne; I. Harry Minas; Bruce Singh

2004-01-01

131

Lifetime Cost of Stroke Subtypes in Australia Findings From the North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study (NEMESIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—Little is known about any variations in resource use and costs of care between stroke subtypes, especially nonhospital costs. The purpose of this study was to describe the patterns of resource use and to estimate the first-year and lifetime costs for stroke subtypes. Methods—A cost-of-illness model was used to estimate the total first-year costs and lifetime costs of

Helen M. Dewey; Amanda G. Thrift; Cathy Mihalopoulos; Robert Carter; Richard A. L. Macdonell; John J. McNeil; Geoffrey A. Donnan

132

Molecular Subtyping of Treponema pallidum during a Local Syphilis Epidemic in Men Who Have Sex with Men in Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Treponema pallidum is the causative agent of syphilis, a sexually transmitted infection of significant public health importance. Since 2000 there has been a marked increase in the number of cases of syphilis infections notified in Victoria, Australia, with the majority of cases occurring in men who have sex with men (MSM) and the highest incidence being in HIV-infected MSM. The molecular subtyping method described by Pillay et al. (A. Pillay et al., Sex. Transm. Dis. 25:408–414, 1998) has been used in this study to determine the diversity of T. pallidum subtypes circulating locally and to look for any relationship between T. pallidum subtypes and HIV status over a 6-year period (2004 to 2009). Treponema pallidum DNA was detected in 303 patient specimens (n = 3,652), and full subtyping profiles were obtained from 90 of these (from 88 patients). A total of 11 T. pallidum subtypes were identified: types 14e (28, 31.1%), 14d (15, 16.7%), 14k (13, 14.4%), 14p (12, 13.3%), 14i (7, 7.8%) 14b (6, 6.7%), 14l (5, 5.6%), and 12i, 13b, 13i, and 13e (1 each, 1.1%). This study showed a similar level of variation among circulating T. pallidum strains compared with that in other studies using the same methodology. A different mix of strains and different predominating strains have been found at each geographical study location, with type 14e emerging as the predominant local strain in Victoria. There was no detectable trend between T. pallidum subtypes and the specimen collection site or stage of syphilis (where known), nor was there any relationship between particular strains and HIV status.

Ryan, Norbert; Fyfe, Janet; Leslie, David E.

2012-01-01

133

From Melbourne Cooper to Match of the Day and Mo-Cap: Motion as Metaphor and Metaphysics in Animated Sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay addresses the relationship between sporting practice and its representation in animated film. It constitutes one of the first investigations into this area, and consequently seeks to define its historical and theoretical terrain. This is achieved by exploring sport-orientated animation in a variety of national contexts throughout the history of animation, and in defining a set of aesthetic criteria

Paul Wells

2011-01-01

134

Design and Development of Melbourne IT Creator(tm): ASystem for Authoring and Management of Online Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a case study in the symbiotic use of new Internet based technologies and an SQL server to develop a software tool in a new category of generic software: a system for authoring and delivery of Web-centric learning. In the design and implementation of the system, the developers drew upon the latest available languages and platforms, aiming for

Steve B. Goschnick

1998-01-01

135

The effects of summer temperature, age and socioeconomic circumstance on Acute Myocardial Infarction admissions in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Published literature detailing the effects of heatwaves on human health is readily available. However literature describing the effects of heat on morbidity is less plentiful, as is research describing events in the southern hemisphere and Australia in particular. To identify susceptible populations and direct public health responses research must move beyond description of the temperature morbidity relationship to include

Margaret E Loughnan; Neville Nicholls; Nigel J Tapper

2010-01-01

136

Delivery infrastructure and land use-transport integration policy: examining good governance issues in Melbourne and Perth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governance is a difficult topic to address in the often controversial area of transport and planning. Good governance allows issues associated with balancing different interests, objectives and pressures, to be addressed and solved - but its absence is a major barrier to this occurring. The Australasian Centre for the Governance and Management of Urban Transport, an independent research centre, held

Crystal Legacy; Sophie Sturup; Carey Curtis; Marcus Wigan

2009-01-01

137

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

138

Literacy for Youth: Programs, Problems and Perspectives. Proceedings of the Youth Literacy Forum (Melbourne, Australia, July 30, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These proceedings document some of the work and the stories of literacy teachers who work with youth outside the school system and help to paint the educational and policy context of their work. "Professionalism and Passion: A Report on Teachers Working with the Literacy Needs of Unemployed Youth" (Beverley Campbell) introduces the report. The…

Sanguinetti, Jill, Ed.; Jones, Myfanwy, Ed.

139

Spatiotemporal patterns of annual sea turtle nesting behaviors along an East Central Florida beach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Florida coastline from Melbourne Beach to Wabasso Beach is one the most important nesting areas for loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) in the Western Hemisphere and for green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in the United States. In this study, we quantified the spatial patterns of numerous loggerhead (N?400,000) and green turtle (N?14,000) and less numerous (N?100) leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) beach ascents

John F. Weishampel; Dean A. Bagley; Llewellyn M. Ehrhart; Brian L. Rodenbeck

2003-01-01

140

Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic Service in Australia. By B.W. Higman. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2002. Pp. xiii + 358. $49.95 cloth.Our Bodies, Our Babies: The Forgotten Women's Movement. By Kerreen M. Reiger. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2001. Pp. 335. $38.95 paper.The Cultivation of Whiteness: Science, Health and Racial Destiny in Australia. By Warwick Anderson. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2002. Pp. xi + 352.

Raelene Frances; Philippa Mein Smith; Russell Mcgregor; Ian Anderson; Mandy Paul; Mickey Dewar; Dawn May; Ian Crawford; Claudia Orange; Michael Roe; John Mclaren; Kate Hunter; Dianne Avenell; Allan Patience; David Lowe; Bradon Ellem; Renate Howe; David Walker; Peter Edwards; David Lee

2003-01-01

141

Learning Technologies: Prospects and Pathways. Selected papers from EdTech '96 Biennial Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology (Melbourne, Australia, July 7-10, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents a series of conference papers dealing with educational technology. The papers are: "The Role of Educational Technology in Upgrading Teacher Education in Pakistan" (M. Hashim Abbasi and Alex C. Millar); "Report on the Teaching and Learning on the Internet Project--RMIT TAFE" (Laurie Armstrong); "A Dissemination Strategy for…

Hedberg, John G., Ed.; And Others

142

James Mackay-Scollay is a Ludologist and commentator on the metaphysics of pop culture and works at Card Heaven in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A philosophical meditation is presented in essay form on the trading card game as an analogue relic in a digital age. Its origins in the role-playing game Dungeons and Dragons are explored and the pastime's subsequent rise to cult status in contemporary entertainment culture is delineated. Threats to the ongoing sustainability of the phenomenon are also contemplated. An outline of

John Lenarcic

143

Depression in Mothers in a Multi-Ethnic Urban Industrial Municipality in Melbourne. Aetiological Factors and Effects on Infants and Preschool Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comparison of poor Australian-born and immigrant mothers revealed a significantly higher rate of depression among recently arrived, non-English-speaking immigrant mothers having no supporting social network. Depressed Australian-born mothers often had unhappy, unstable, and insecure childhoods. Behavioral problems in infants and preschool…

Williams, Howard; Carmichael, Allan

1985-01-01

144

Changing Focus: The Participation of Women in Educational Management in Australia. Report of a National Conference (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, June 3-5, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1983, a National Conference on the Participation of Women in Educational Management in Australia was sponsored by the Australian College of Education. About 165 women senior administrators met to determine the extent of female participation in educational administration at all school and college levels. They also explored national trends to (1)…

Randell, Shirley, Ed.

145

Aiming to increase birth weight: a randomised trial of pre-pregnancy information, advice and counselling in inner-urban Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In the 1980s there was substantial interest in early pregnancy and pre-pregnancy interventions to increase birth weight and reduce preterm birth. We developed an inter-pregnancy intervention, implemented in a randomised controlled trial, to be provided by midwives at home soon after women's first birth. METHODS: MCH nurses invited women to take part during their home visit to new mothers.

Judith Lumley; Lisa Donohue

2006-01-01

146

The Maintenance Effect of Cognitive-Behavioural Treatment Groups for the Chinese Parents of Children with Intellectual Disabilities in Melbourne, Australia: A 6-Month Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Caring for a child with intellectual disability can be stressful. No data on the longer-term effects of cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) on parents from a Chinese-speaking background who have children with intellectual disabilities are available in the literature. This study attempted to fill this research gap by examining the…

Wong, D. F. K.; Poon, A.; Kwok, Y. C. Lai

2011-01-01

147

Social Change and Family Policies. Free Papers, Part 4. International CFR Seminar (20th, Melbourne, Australia, August 19-24, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These free papers presented at an International Committee on Family Research (CFR) seminar include (1) Frances E. Baum's "There's No Room in the Nuclear Family: Sharing As an Alternative Housing Option"; (2) Paula W. Dail's "Parental Role Perceptions among Young, Dual Parent Families in America: Family Policy Implications for the Future"; (3)…

Baum, Frances E.; And Others

148

Partnerships in Education. A Collection of Papers Presentation at the International Community Education Association (ICEA) Conference (1st, Melbourne, Australia, September 26-29, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers, panel discussion, summaries, and comments are included in this conference proceedings document: "Education: The Essential Partnership" (Ramsey); "Australia's Involvement in Education in the Pacific: Partnership or Patronage?" (Baba); "Report by the Rapporteur to the Final Plenary Session" (Kimberley); "Adult Environmental…

Townsend, Tony, Ed.; Cowdell, Jennie, Ed.

149

1991 AAIR Forum. Refereed Proceedings of the Conference of the Australasian Association for Institutional Research (AAIR) (2nd, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, October 1-3, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Australasian Association for Institutional Research (AAIR) conference provided a comprehensive coverage of issues, concepts, and techniques in the areas of planning, data analysis and research, and related aspects of management support in tertiary education. Refereed papers from the conference include: (1) "Changes in Student Approaches to…

Swinburne Inst. of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria (Australia).

150

‘Out of pocket’ costs to stroke patients during the first year after stroke – results from the North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-reimbursed ‘out of pocket’ costs to stroke patients have not been included in existing cost of illness studies. We aimed to determine the nature and magnitude of ‘out of pocket’ costs to stroke patients during the first year after stroke. ‘Out of pocket’ costs during the first year after stroke were documented for 165 persons registered in a community-based stroke

Helen M Dewey; Amanda G Thrift; Cathy Mihalopoulos; Rob Carter; Richard A. L Macdonell; John J McNeil; Geoffrey A Donnan

2004-01-01

151

Influence of climate, fire severity and forest mortality on predictions of long term streamflow: Potential effect of the 2009 wildfire on Melbourne's water supply catchments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long term effect of wildfire on streamflow was simulated using forest type and fire severity data. Streamflow was reduced by 1.4-2.8%, mainly because a low proportion of forest was severely burnt. The relative influence of climate and forest factors changes as rainfall becomes more limiting. With high rainfall, streamflow change is largely explained by changes in average forest age. With low rainfall, annual rainfall is the best predictor of post-fire change in streamflow.

Feikema, Paul M.; Sherwin, Christopher B.; Lane, Patrick N. J.

2013-04-01

152

When dual diagnosis means no diagnosis: co-occurring mental illness and problematic drug use in clients of alcohol and drug services in eastern metropolitan Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Most previous studies examining the prevalence of co-occurring psychiatric illness and problematic substance use in Australia have been population studies or focused on clients of psychiatric services. There is little literature on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in persons attending Alcohol and Drug Services (ADS).Aims: This study attempted to estimate the incidence of mental health disorders in people treated

Michael Cole; Tobie Sacks

2008-01-01

153

Brief Comprehensive Quality of Life Assessment After Stroke The Assessment of Quality of Life Instrument in the North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study (NEMESIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—Generic utility health-related quality of life instruments are useful in assessing stroke outcome because they facilitate a broader description of the disease and outcomes, allow comparisons between diseases, and can be used in cost-benefit analysis. The aim of this study was to validate the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL) instrument in a stroke population. Methods—Ninety-three patients recruited

Jonathan W. Sturm; Richard H. Osborne; Helen M. Dewey; Geoffrey A. Donnan; Richard A. L. Macdonell; Amanda G. Thrift

2010-01-01

154

Social Change and Family Policies. Key Papers, Part I. International CFR Seminar (20th, Melbourne, Australia, August 19-24, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These papers from an International Committee on Family Research (CFR) seminar explore seven themes, four of which are presented in Part 1. The first set of papers approach the question of whether the family is worth supporting and the related issue of pressures, conflicts, and expectations of family life (Theme 1). Randall Collins discusses…

Collins, Randall; And Others

155

Social Change and Family Policies. Key Papers, Part 2. International CFR Seminar (20th, Melbourne, Australia, August 19-24, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These papers from an International Committee on Family Research (CFR) seminar explore seven themes, three of which are presented in Part 2. Work, economic policies, and welfare consequences and responsibilities (Theme 5) are discussed in Margrit Eichler's "The Familism-Individualism Flip-Flop and Its Implications for Economic and Social Welfare…

Eichler, Margrit; And Others

156

Investigating the climatic impact of urban planning strategies through the use of regional climate modelling: a case study for Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban planning is a useful method for improving local climate and human health in cities through purposefully modifying urban land surface characteristics. This can reduce the potential risks of elevated city temperatures due to the urban heat island (UHI). Unfortunately, simple tools are not readily available for urban planners to assess the climatological impacts of various urban development scenarios. Urban

Andrew M. Coutts; Jason Beringer; Nigel J. Tapper

2008-01-01

157

Aiming to increase birth weight: a randomised trial of pre-pregnancy information, advice and counselling in inner-urban Melbourne  

PubMed Central

Background In the 1980s there was substantial interest in early pregnancy and pre-pregnancy interventions to increase birth weight and reduce preterm birth. We developed an inter-pregnancy intervention, implemented in a randomised controlled trial, to be provided by midwives at home soon after women's first birth. Methods MCH nurses invited women to take part during their home visit to new mothers. Women's contact details, with their permission, were passed to the study midwife. She had a randomisation schedule to which women's names were added before she met the women or their partners. All women recruited had a home visit from the study midwife with a discussion of their first pregnancy, labour and birth and the postpartum experience. Women in the intervention arm received in addition a pre-pregnancy intervention with discussion of social, health or lifestyle problems, preparation and timing for pregnancy, family history, rubella immunisation, referrals for health problems, and a reminder card. The primary outcome was defined as a birth weight difference in the second birth of 100 g (one-sided) in favour of the intervention. Additional data collected were gestational age, perinatal deaths and birth defects. Analyses used EPI-INFO and STATA. Results Intervention and comparison groups were comparable on socioeconomic factors, prior reproductive history and first birth outcomes. Infant birth weight in the second birth was lower (-97.4 g,)) among infants in the intervention arm. There were no significant differences between intervention and comparison arms in the proportion of women having a preterm birth, an infant with low birthweight, or an infant with a birth weight <10th percentile. There were more adverse outcomes in the intervention arm: ten births <32 weeks), compared with one in standard care, and more infants with a birth weight <2000 g, 16 compared with two in standard care Conclusion As the primary outcome was envisaged to be either improved birth weight or no effect, the study was not designed to identify the alternative outcome with confidence. Despite widespread support for pre-pregnancy interventions to improve maternal and perinatal health, this first randomised controlled trial of a multi-component intervention provided at home, did not have a beneficial outcome.

Lumley, Judith; Donohue, Lisa

2006-01-01

158

Social Change and Family Policies. Key Papers, Part I. International CFR Seminar (20th, Melbourne, Australia, August 19-24, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These papers from an International Committee on Family Research (CFR) seminar explore seven themes, four of which are presented in Part 1. The first set of papers approach the question of whether the family is worth supporting and the related issue of pressures, conflicts, and expectations of family life (Theme 1). Randall Collins discusses…

Collins, Randall; And Others

159

Research Reports from the First Pre-ICME Satellite Conference on Diagnostic and Prescriptive Mathematics (Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, August 21-22, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided are the papers presented at a conference which served as an international forum on diagnostic and prescriptive mathematics education. They are: (1) "The Evolution of the Research Council for Diagnostic and Prescriptive Mathematics" by Robert Underhill; (2) "The Interaction of Knowledge and Cognitive Processes in Diagnosis and…

Blane, Dudley, Ed.

160

Technology in Mathematics Education: Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia (MERGA) (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, June 30-July 3, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains papers presented at the 19th annual conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia. Topics of the presentations include learning research, mathematical representations, problem solving, strategic learning behaviors, algebraic thinking and learning environments, teaching and learning of algebra,…

Clarkson, Philip C., Ed.

161

Identification of the development mechanisms of an explosive cyclone in the central Mediterranean with the aid of the MSG satellite images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development mechanisms of an explosive cyclone over Central Mediterranean are examined, by relating the cloud patterns in the infrared, water vapour and visible channels of the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite images, to the surface-upper air operational analyses and thermodynamic parameters, including potential and geostrophic vorticity analyses, potential and equivalent potential temperature, static stability and thermal heat fluxes. The specific case study derived from an updated climatology of Mediterranean explosive cyclones for the 2002-2010 period, being performed with the aid of the University of Melbourne Cyclone Tracking scheme (MS algorithm) and ERA-INTERIM datasets. It was found that during the ordinary cyclogenesis the increased mid-upper level relative humidity over Northern Algeria along with the enhanced moisture gradient in the area between Portugal and Spain; indicate the existence of a jet -streak, with the dry zone to be located on the cold side of the jet axis. The descent of the dry air is more pronounced within the left exit region of the jet streak in the poleward portion of an upper confluence zone. Six hours later, the eastward movement of the cloud pattern in the Northern African coasts significantly resembles the structure of a baroclinic leaf, being related to the early stages of surface frontogenesis, due to the deformation process within a strong wind field. During the time of rapid deepening, when the surface cyclone propagated from the Northern African coasts towards the area of Sicily - Gulf of Taranto, the development is characterised by the transition from the baroclinic leaf structure to the comma cloud one and finally the formation of a bent-back occlusion.

Kouroutzoglou, John; Flocas, Helena A.; Hatzaki, Maria; Keay, Kevin; Simmonds, Ian; Mavroudis, Anastasios

2013-08-01

162

Queering new ground  

Microsoft Academic Search

Annamarie Jagose, Queer Theory (University of Melbourne Press) Melbourne, 1996. Catharine Lumby, Bad Girls: The Media, Sex and Feminism in the 90s (Allen & Unwin) Sydney, 1997.Jill Julius Matthews, Sex in Public: Australian Sexual Cultures (Allen & Unwin) Sydney, 1997.

Mary Spongberg

1997-01-01

163

People with Diabetes May Face Higher Disability Risk  

MedlinePLUS

... Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute in Melbourne, Australia. "The results of this study are particularly important ... Diabetes Institute, and adjunct professor, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Spyros Mezitis, endocrinologist, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York ...

164

Policy and Practice of Tertiary Literacy. Selected Proceedings of the First National Conference on Tertiary Literacy: Research and Practice, Volume 1 (1st, Melbourne, Australia, March 14-16, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This selection of papers from the First Conference on Tertiary Literacy, which examined the role of literacy as a foundation for knowledge acquisition and dissemination that influences the academic success of tertiary students, presents a number of case studies of policy and practice in Australian universities. Keynote addresses included:…

Golebiowski, Zofia, Ed.

165

How we use recombinant activated Factor VII in patients with haemophilia A or B complicated by inhibitors. Working group of hematology experts from Australia and New Zealand, Melbourne, April 2011.  

PubMed

The management of bleeds in patients with haemophilia A or B complicated by inhibitors is complex. Recombinant activated Factor VII (rFVIIa; NovoSeven RT) is an established therapy in these patients. To develop a consensus-based guide on the practical usage of rFVIIa in haemophilia complicated by inhibitors, nine expert haemophilia specialists from Australia and New Zealand developed practice points on the usage of rFVIIa, based on their experience and supported by published data. Practice points were developed for 13 key topics: control of acute bleeding; prophylaxis; surgical prophylaxis; control of breakthrough bleeding during surgery or treatment of acute bleeds; paediatric use; use in elderly; intracranial haemorrhage; immune tolerance induction; difficult bleeds; clinical monitoring of therapy; laboratory monitoring of therapy; concomitant antifibrinolytic medication; practical dosing. Access to home therapy with rFVIIa is important in allowing patients to administer treatment early in bleed management. In adults, 90-120 ?g/kg is the favoured starting dose in most settings. Initial dosing using 90-180 ?g/kg is recommended for children due to the effect of age on the pharmacokinetics of rFVIIa. In the management of acute bleeds, 2-hourly dosing is appropriate until bleeding is controlled, with concomitant antifibrinolytic medication unless contraindicated. The practice points provide guidance on the usage of rFVIIa for all clinicians involved in the management of haemophilia complicated by inhibitors. PMID:23157518

Brown, S A; Barnes, C; Curtin, J; Dunkley, S; Ockelford, P; Phillips, J; Rowell, J; Smith, M; Tran, H

2012-11-01

166

Meeting at the Crossroads. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education (ASCILITE 2001) (18th, Melbourne, Australia, December 9-12, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This proceedings contains 63 papers presented at ASCLITE (Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education) 2001. The focus is on the following themes related to the use of computers in higher education: (1) reflection in and on action, for reflective inquiry, for students, for teachers, for design and…

Kennedy, Gregor, Ed.; Keppell, Mike, Ed.; McNaught, Carmel, Ed.; Petrovic, Tom, Ed.

167

Monte Carlo verification of gel dosimetry measurements for stereotactic radiotherapyExperimental aspects of this work were originally presented at the Engineering and Physical Sciences in Medicine Conference (EPSM-ABEC), Melbourne, 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality assurance of stereotactic radiotherapy and radiosurgery treatments requires the use of small-field dose measurements that can be experimentally challenging. This study used Monte Carlo simulations to establish that PAGAT dosimetry gel can be used to provide accurate, high-resolution, three-dimensional dose measurements of stereotactic radiotherapy fields. A small cylindrical container (4 cm height, 4.2 cm diameter) was filled with

T Kairn; M L Taylor; S B Crowe; L Dunn; R D Franich; J Kenny; R T Knight; J V Trapp

2012-01-01

168

Quality and Diversity in VET [Vocational Education and Training] Research. Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association (AVETRA) (2nd, Melbourne, Australia, February 11-12, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These proceedings consist of 43 presentations clustered into these key areas: position, strategy, contribution, and future issues; diversity of participation and contexts; issues in the workplace and learning settings; question of practitioners work; and questions of knowledge and methodology--all related to the themes of quality and diversity.…

Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association, Alexandria.

169

Academic Communication across Disciplines and Cultures. Selected Proceedings of the National Conference on Tertiary Literacy: Research and Practice, Volume 2 (1st, Melbourne, Australia, March 14-16, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These selected papers from the First Conference on Tertiary Literacy focus on communication across differences of culture and discipline in Australian universities. Many of the papers have resulted from cooperation between applied linguists and specialist lecturers and describe cooperative models of literacy education based on interdisciplinary…

Golebiowski, Zofia, Ed.; Borland, Helen, Ed.

170

Quality, Viability and Relevance: A Strategic Framework for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Mixed-Mode Teaching and Learning in an Undergraduate Biotechnology and Biomedical Science Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RMIT is a major Australian university of technology based in central Melbourne with regional and international reach. It has made both online education and programme quality two central planks in its teaching and learning strategy in recent years. This paper proposes making the connection between these two strategic directions by working within a…

Gray, Kathleen; Piva, Terrence; Nicolettou, Angela

2004-01-01

171

Between the Centre and the Periphery: the development of port trade in Darwin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Darwin, the capital of the Northern Territory, is a port city located in Australia's Top End and facing Southeast Asia. The distance from Darwin to Australia's main economic centres of Sydney and Melbourne is almost the same as to Singapore. This central geographical location has inspired the development of the Port and the City of Darwin from time to time

Jiaping Wu

2011-01-01

172

Creating Child-Friendly High-Rise Environments: Beyond Wastelands and Glasshouses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Melbourne, like many cities around the world, is in the midst of reshaping its central city landscape. However, there are concerns, particularly in Australia, that “contemporary strategic planning has almost become child-blind, with the new higher density centres being built essentially for the childless in mind” (Randolph, 2006, p. 5). The ‘Vertical Living Kids’ research project interviewed children aged 8–12

Carolyn Whitzman; Dana Mizrachi

2012-01-01

173

The On-Line ERIC Project at the National Library of Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the On-Line ERIC Project conducted jointly by the National Library of Australia and by IBM Australia Ltd. between March and May 1976. The Project involved a telecommunications network with video terminals and printers linking the National Library, the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology Central Library, and Macquarie…

McCallum, Ian S.

174

Cosmopolitan or ethnically identified selves? Institutional expectations and the negotiated identities of international students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identities of young people, including students, are influenced by their institutional contexts. In central Melbourne over the past decade, international students largely from Southeast Asia have been presented with the expectations of universities in which they are enrolled and churches with which many are affiliated. But the subject positions offered to students by universities and churches diverge: universities expect

Ruth Fincher

2011-01-01

175

Developing Staff IT Skills in the Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reflects on changes sought in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Melbourne (Australia) as a way to encourage greater involvement with online technologies. Specifically, the paper looks at staff development as a central component to changes, maps out where the faculty has gone, and takes a brief look at where it is headed. An…

Gruba, Paul

176

Reviews: Australian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graham Maddox, Australian Democracy in Theory and Practice, Melbourne, Longman Cheshire, 1985, pp.463, $19.95 (paper).Bill Brugger and Dean Jaensch, Australian Politics: Theory and Practice, Sydney, Allen and Unwin, 1985, pp. 258 + 258. $29.95 (cloth), $15.95 (paper)David Dunstan, Governing the Metropolis, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press, 1984, pp. 362. $24.50 (cloth)Stuart Harris and Geoff Taylor (eds), Resource Development and the Future

Graeme Duncan; Don Aitkin; Chris Paris; Brian Galligan; Lenore Layman; Patrick Weller; Roger Scott; John Craig; Brendan Moran; Glenn Withers; Braham Dabscheck; Frank Harman; Gary Smith; Jeff Archer; Mariam Simms; Hugh Smith; Geoff Skene; Dennis Altman; D. P. S. Ahluwalia; John Ravenhill; Mark D. Hayes; Karen Mughan; Dick Bryan; Chris Pickvance; Owen Hughes; Eckhard Jesse; Ross Poole; Murray Goot; Elizabeth Wirth Marvick; Stephen Bell; Brian Head; Rebecca M. Albury; Marian Sawer; Chilla Bulbeck; Carol Bacchi; Marilyn Lake

1986-01-01

177

Keeping connected: the design and overview of the research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The special issue Keeping Connected: Identity, Social Connection and Education for Young People opens with a paper that discusses the research design and overview of a three-year project by a Melbourne (Australia)-based multi-disciplinary team. Over 2007–2009, the Keeping Connected team of 10 researchers investigated the lives of adolescents with ongoing health conditions. The project centrally is developed by the young

Julianne Moss

2012-01-01

178

Women’s changing role: implications for the transport task and for modelling personal travel patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores gender-based differences in travel patterns on weekdays and weekends in metropolitan Melbourne by people of working age, emphasising variations in the purpose and mode of travel made by key socio-demographic groups. The paper also explores implications for transport planning, noting in particular possible refinements to the Melbourne Integrated Transport Model to model travel patterns that are more

Jenny Morris; Stephen Roddis; Fotios Spiridonos

2010-01-01

179

Body weight and physical activity as predictors of colorectal cancer risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The associations between colorectal cancer and body weight (expressed as body mass index) and between colorectal cancer and physical activity were examined in 715 histologically confirmed cases of colorectal adenocaircinoma and 727 age? and sex?matched controls. The data were obtained from a large, population?based study, The Melbourne Colorectal Cancer Study, which was conducted in Melbourne, Australia. There was a statistically

Gabriel A. Kune; Susan Kune; Lyndsey F. Watson

1990-01-01

180

Look Who's Talking! A Roadside Survey of Drivers’ Cell Phone Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objective of this study was to quantify Melbourne drivers’ rates of handheld and hands-free phone use and the driver, vehicle, site, and time characteristics associated with phone use. Additionally, this study sought to examine any change in the prevalence of handheld cell phone use by Melbourne drivers between 2006 and 2009.Method: Observational survey of vehicle drivers at various

Kristie L. Young; Christina M. Rudin-Brown; Michael G. Lenné

2010-01-01

181

Home Space: Youth Identification in the Greek Diaspora  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on a larger study on schooling and diaspora using the case of the Greek community of Melbourne, Australia to examine processes of identification of young people with access to minority cultures. The Melbourne Greek community is long-standing, diverse, and well-established. Because of this, the young people involved in this study…

Tsolidis, Georgina; Pollard, Vikki

2010-01-01

182

‘The tyranny of distance’: Biotechnology networks and clusters in the antipodes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regional governments around the world hope to become significant players in the world biotechnology industry through their support for local clusters. This article explores whether or not this is a realistic ambition. It does so through network analysis of biotechnology firms located in Melbourne, Australia, the leading biotechnology cluster in the Asia-Pacific. The article finds that the Melbourne cluster is

Michael Gilding

2008-01-01

183

An investigation into greywater reuse for urban residential properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Continuing moves towards full cost recovery for potable water and the impending privatization of water supplies in the Melbourne area have enhanced public interest in the reuse of wastewater, and particularly the domestic use of greywater. Victoria University of Technology, together with support from Melbourne Water and the Department of Health and Community Services, has been investigating the practicalities, costs

Diana Christova-Boal; Robert E. Eden; Scott McFarlane

1996-01-01

184

Business Culture and the Death of a Portal  

Microsoft Academic Search

After receiving a Government grant under an 'e-commerce early movers' scheme, the Western Region Economic Development Organisation in Melbourne conceived and developed a business-to-business portal for use by small to medium enterprises (SME) in the region. This innovative project was to create a horizontal portal - Bizewest, which would enable the whole range of SMEs in Melbourne's west to engage

Arthur Tatnall

2007-01-01

185

Graduate Design Education: The Case for an Accretive Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2008 the University of Melbourne began implementation of the Melbourne Model, its new vision for higher education in Australia. Six broad undergraduate university degrees have been introduced and graduate schools created. Students may now progress from an undergraduate generalist degree, with major, to a professional Masters. Alternatively,…

Walliss, Jillian; Greig, Joan

2009-01-01

186

Rescuing the Regent Theatre1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Melbourne's Regent and Plaza theatres opened in Collins Street in 1929. For more than forty years, these grand picture palaces were among Melbourne's most treasured cinemas, favourites together with the Capitol Theatre in Swanston Street and the State Theatre in Flinders Street. Often called 'palaces of dreams', they were part of a glamorous entertainment era, when a night out at

Louise Blake

187

Design feasibility via ascent optimality for next-generation spacecraft 1 1 Paper 1AF98-A.1.04 presented at the 49th International Astronautical Congress, Melbourne, Australia, 28 Sept–2 Oct, 1998. This paper is based on [1–4  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the optimization of the ascent trajectories for single-stage-sub-orbit (SSSO), single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO), and two-stage-to-orbit (TSTO) rocket-powered spacecraft. The maximum payload weight problem is studied for different values of the engine specific impulse and spacecraft structural factor.The main conclusions are that: feasibility of SSSO spacecraft is guaranteed for all the parameter combinations considered; feasibility of SSTO spacecraft depends

A. Miele; S. Mancuso

1999-01-01

188

Survival of insects in the wheel bays of a Boeing 747B aircraft on flights between tropical and temperate airports  

PubMed Central

Mosquitos (Culex quinquefasciatus), house flies (Musca domestica), and flour beetles (Tribolium confusum) located in cages within the wheel bays of a Boeing 747B aircraft, survived travel on the following normal commercial routes: Sydney—Melbourne; Melbourne—Singapore; Singapore—Bangkok; Bangkok—Singapore; and Singapore—Melbourne. Survival of all three species was high, averaging 84% for mosquitos and higher for flies (93%) and beetles (>99%). Although external temperatures were -42 °C to -54 °C for aircraft cruising at 10 700-11 900 m, minimum temperatures within the wheel bays ranged from +8 °C to +25 °C.

Russell, R. C.

1987-01-01

189

Review of â??Managing Arsenic in the Environment: From Soil to Hman Healthâ?  

EPA Science Inventory

This is a book review of "Managing Arsenic in the Environment: From Soil to Human Health," R. Naidu, E. Smith, G. Owens, P. Bhattacharya, and P. Nadebaum eds., CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Australia, 656 pp.,...

190

ATE Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ATE Central is a freely available online portal and collection of materials and services that highlight the work of the Advanced Technological Education (ATE) projects and centers. These National Science Foundation funded initiatives work with educators from two-year colleges to develop and implement ideas for improving the skills of technicians and the educators who teach them. ATE Central is designed to help educators, students, and the general public to learn about, and use materials from, the entire depth and breadth of the Advanced Technological Education program.ATE Central helps direct users to a full range of high-impact ATE resources available online, including curricula, learning objects, and podcasts. The portal aggregates information about the materials developed by ATE centers and projects, and organizes them using subject taxonomies, context appropriate keywords, and other digital cataloging techniques.

2011-08-17

191

Persistence of cccDNA during the natural history of chronic hepatitis B and decline during adefovir dipivoxil therapy 1 1 In addition to the Adefovir Dipivoxil cccDNA Study Group investigators, the authors thank the study site personnel and patients who participated in this study; Huiling Yang, Manuel Tsiang, Anant Jain, Craig James, Rick Fallis, John Fry, and Michael Wulfsohn of Gilead Sciences for their support and advice during this study; Hans Will and Maura Dandri for critical review of this manuscript; and Brian Sutton and Jennifer Elder of Inveresk (Cary, North Carolina) for advice and independent validation of statistical analyses. P.M. represents the Adefovir Dipivoxil cccDNA Study Group, which also includes the following clinical investigators: Peter Buggisch (Universitätskrankenhaus Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany); Ian Kronberg (Western Hospital, Melbourne, Australia); William Sievert (Monash University and Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia); Stanislas Pol (Hôpital Necker, Pa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background & Aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) is a unique episomal replicative intermediate responsible for persistent infection of hepatocytes. Technical constraints have hampered the direct study of cccDNA maintenance and clearance mechanisms in patients. The aim of this study was to develop a sensitive and specific assay for quantifying cccDNA in biopsy samples from chronic

Scott Bowden; Stephen Locarnini; Karsten Wursthorn; Jorg Petersen; George Lau; Christian Trepo; Patrick Marcellin; Zachary Goodman; William E. Delaney; Shelly Xiong; Carol L. Brosgart; Craig S. Gibbs; Fabien Zoulim

2004-01-01

192

Australian liberalism and corporatism  

Microsoft Academic Search

George Brandis, Tom Harley and Don Markwell (eds), Liberals face the Future: Essays on Australian Liberalism, Melbourne, Oxford University Press, 1984, pp. 386, $14.99 (paper) and Katharine West, The Revolution in Australian Politics, Melbourne, Penguin Books, 1984, pp. 116, $4.95 (paper).John Rickard, H.B. Higgins: the rebel as judge. Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1984, pp.350. $29.95 (cloth).Stuart Macintyre, Militant: the life

Allan Patience; Mark Finanne; Terry Wood; Frank Cain; A. W. Martin; Ciaran OFaircheallaigh; Peter Williams; Jenny Hutchison; Braham Dabscheck; Brian Head; Geoff Skene; Stephen Garton; E. D. Daw; Roderic Pitty; Peter Aimer; Bruce McFarlane; Angus MacIntyre; David Goldsworthy; Tony Smith; Ian McAllister; Dennis Woodward; David Y. Mayer; J. M. Barbalet; John Uhr; Geoff Stokes; David Boucher; Conal Condren; Chilla Bulbeck; Marian Sawer

1985-01-01

193

Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian Dictionary of Biography, volume 15, 1940–1980, Kern?Pie. Edited by John Ritchie and Diane Langmore. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2000. Pp. xxx + 611. $75.00 cloth.The Australian Metropolis: A Planning History Edited by Stephen Hamnett and Robert Freestone. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1999. Pp, ix + 229. $35.00 paper.Southern Capital: Christchurch: Towards a City Biography, 1850–2000. Edited by John Cookson

Lyndall Ryan; Mark Peel; Chris Mcconville; David Hilliard; Lucy Healey; Donald Denoon; David Carter; Margaret Henderson; Patricia Grimshaw; Walter Phillips; Mark Johnston; Matthew Ricketson; John Cain; Raelene Frances; Andrew Markus; Paul Rodan; Jill Roe; Peter Beilharz

2001-01-01

194

eCommerce for Owner-Operated Restaurants: an Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the findings of an exploratory study of eCommerce adoption by owner-operated restaurants in Melbourne. The study included interviews with 22 owner\\/managers of small restaurants and 4 restaurant industry association representatives. We discuss the eCommerce applications that are currently being used in the Melbourne restaurant industry and the attitudes and experiences of owner-operators related to eCommerce. We explore

Carolyn Ye; Phern Chin; Tanya Castleman

195

What's the story? An exploration of narrative language abilities in male juvenile offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the narrative language (story telling) abilities of a group of juvenile offenders completing community-based court orders in Melbourne, Australia. A convenience sample of 30 male young offenders was compared with 50 male non-offenders attending government high schools in the same region of Melbourne. Participants provided an audiotaped description of a six-frame cartoon (the “Flowerpot Incident”).

Pamela C. Snow; Martine B. Powell

2005-01-01

196

Patient experiences in advertising for an egg donor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advertising is a commonly used means of recruiting an egg donor within Australia. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences and outcomes of people’s attempts to recruit an egg donor through advertising in a printed publication, Melbourne’s Child. Individuals and couples who placed a new advertisement between July 2007 and December 2008 were invited to participate (n=84),

Sarah Nowoweiski; Hayley Matic; Penelope Foster

2011-01-01

197

Aerobic endospore-forming bacteria from geothermal environments in northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, and Candlemas Island, South Sandwich archipelago, with the proposal of Bacillus fumarioli sp. nov  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aerobic endospore-forming bacteria were isolated from soils taken from active fumaroles on Mount Rittmann and Mount Melbourne in northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, and from active and inactive fumaroles on Candlemas Island, South Sandwich archipelago. The Mt Rittmann and Mt Melbourne soils yielded a dominant, moderately thermophilic and acidophilic, aerobic endospore- former growing at pH 5<5 and 50SC, and further strains

N. A. Logan; L. Lebbe; B. Hoste; J. Goris; G. Forsyth; M. Heyndrickx; B. L. Murray; N. Syme; D. D. Wynn-Williams; P. De Vos

198

A conversation with Geoff Watson  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geoffrey Stuart Watson, Professor Emeritus at Princeton University,\\u000acelebrated his 75th birthday on December 3, 1996. A native Australian, his\\u000aearly education included Bendigo High School and Scotch College in Melbourne.\\u000aAfter graduating with a B.A. (Hons.) from Melbourne University in December\\u000a1942, he spent the next few years, during and after World War II, doing\\u000aresearch and teaching on

R. J. Beran; N. I. Fisher

1998-01-01

199

The experiences of postpartum hospital stay and returning home among Thai mothers in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: to describe the experience of postpartum care among Thai women in Melbourne, Australia.Design: ethnographic interviews and participant observation with women in relation to postpartum care and practices.Setting: Melbourne Metropolitan Area, Victoria, Australia.Participants: 26 Thai born women who gave birth in Australia.Findings: the Thai women had varying views about the length of time they should spend in hospital and the

Lyndsey Watson

1999-01-01

200

Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gold: Forgotten Histories and Lost Objects of Australia. Edited by Iain McCalman, Alexander Cook and Andrew Reeves. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Pp. xiv + 344. $49.95 cloth.Colonial Consorts: The Wives of Victoria's Governors 1839–1900. By Marguerite Hancock. Melbourne: The Miegunyah Press, Melbourne University Press, 2001. Pp. xxii + 324. $59.95 cloth.Rosa! Rosa! A Life of Rosa Praed, Novelist and

Alan Mayne; Penny Russell; Kay Ferres; John Currey; Peter Sheldon; Tanja Luckins; Michael McKernan; Hilary Carey; Bruce Scates; Jean Chetkovich; Alex Tyrell; Stuart Macintyre; Judith Godden; Anna Haebich; Jeremy Finn; Julia Horne; Shirley Fitzgerald; Trish Payne; Roger C. Thompson

2002-01-01

201

Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keeper of the Faith: A Biography of Jim Cairns. By Paul Strangle Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2002. Pp. xv + 464. $49.95 cloth.New Guinea: Crossing Boundaries and History. By Clive Moore. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2003. Pp. 274. US$50 paper.The Lowest Rung: Voices of Australian Poverty. By Mark Peel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Pp. 206. $37.95 paper.The Italians

John Murphy; Helen Gardner; Ruth Fincher; Gwenda Tavan; Charlotte Macdonald; Susan Lever; Renate Howe; Peta Tait; Carolyn Strange; Sophie Couchman; Michael Roe; Peggy Brock; Peter Gibbons; Raymond Evans; Janet Butler; Kerreen Reiger; Victoria Haskins; Mickey Dewar; Nicole Moore; John Bradley; Stuart Ward; Tom Griffiths; Mary Spongberg; Alan Atkinson; Linda Bryder

2004-01-01

202

Halloween Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Halloween is coming up, and this site will help readers prepare for an evening of ghouls, goblins, and other nasties. Halloween Central is a fairly extensive metasite with links to a wide variety of Halloween resources, including costumes, clip art, recipes, haunted houses, Halloween safety, and pumpkins, among many others.

203

Garlic Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Can garlic help repel mosquitoes? Find out the answer to this question and more at Garlic Central, an all-about-garlic website created by aficionado Trevor Mendham. The site contains an introductory section--titled Garlic 101--and sections that address culinary uses, medicinal benefits, and cultivation. The site's Cooking section includes a collection of recipes; and information about storing, freezing, and crushing garlic. The site also features a brief how-to guide for planting, growing, and harvesting garlic. Garlic Central even hosts a virtual shopping mall that connects site visitors to a wide range of garlic-related websites peddling foodstuffs, kitchen implements, posters, books, and garden supplies. This site is also reviewed in the September 17, 2004 _NSDL Life Sciences Report_.

204

Central Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Begun in 1996, the International Crisis Group's (ICG) Central Africa Project analyzes political and ethnic conflict within and between the nations that straddle mid-Africa, including the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi, Angola, Uganda, and Rwanda. As part of that effort ICG has released over twelve full text reports in the last year (a few in French only). The two most recent in-depth reports are: "Africa's Seven-Nation War," which examines how the armies of seven African nations have been drawn into the rebellion against DRC President Laurent Dsir Kabila; and "How Kabila Lost His Way," which traces the foundation of the Kabila regime and seeks to discover why it has engendered both internal and external opposition. Well-researched and fully footnoted, yet written with a non-specialist audience in mind, these reports are a good resource for both students and general readers with an interest in the current situation in Central Africa.

1996-01-01

205

PE Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Virginia Polytechnic Institute Health and Physical Education Program developed this site, a clearinghouse of information about K-12 physical education and health. An extensive list of lesson plans and assessment ideas, arranged topically and by grade level, is the focal point of this site; the Classroom Teacher Lesson Ideas uses PE "across the curriculum" to help students learn concepts in other subjects. PE Central provides information for PE professionals on relevant journals, job announcements, and equipment purchases, among other topics.

1996-01-01

206

Central hyperthyroidism.  

PubMed

Central hyperthyroidism is a rare condition in which thyrotoxicosis results from primary overproduction of TSH by the pituitary gland with subsequent thyroid enlargement and hyperfunction. The two known causes of central hyperthyroidism are TSH-producing pituitary tumors (TSHomas) and the syndrome of PRTH. Both of these entities are characterized by clinical thyrotoxicosis, diffuse goiters, elevated circulating levels of free T4 and T3, and a nonsuppressed serum TSH. It is critical to distinguish central hyperthyroidism from the much more common types of primary hyperthyroidism, all of which have undetectable TSH values. TSHomas and PRTH can usually be differentiated from one another by measuring the serum alpha-subunit and the TSH response to intravenous TRH or exogenous thyroid hormone, and by pituitary imaging studies. TSHomas are usually benign adenomas arising from the monoclonal expansion of neoplastic thyrotropes. Causative oncogenes have not yet been convincingly identified. PRTH is a nonneoplastic disorder caused by inherited mutations in the gene for the thyroid hormone receptor beta; it is a poorly understood variant of GRTH. For unclear reasons, in PRTH, the pituitary gland is resistant to the feedback inhibitory effects of circulating thyroid hormones while peripheral tissues respond normally, causing patients to experience the toxic peripheral effects of thyroid hormone excess. TSHomas are best treated by transphenoidal surgical removal. Radiotherapy is indicated for inoperable or incompletely resected tumors. Octreotide administration is a useful adjunct for preoperatively reducing tumor size and for the medical management of surgical treatment failures. PRTH is ideally treated by chronically suppressing TSH secretion with medications such as D-thyroxine, TRIAC, octreotide, or bromocriptine. If such therapy is ineffective or unavailable, thyroid ablation with radioiodine or surgery may be employed with subsequent close monitoring of both thyroid hormone status and pituitary gland size. PMID:9534036

McDermott, M T; Ridgway, E C

1998-03-01

207

Neuropsychology Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Neuropsychology Central is devoted to the subject of - "Neuropsychology, a new branch of science with the specific and unique aim of investigating the role of individual brain systems in complex forms of mental activity." - A.R. Luria "The Working Brain" The page aims to describe the importance of neuropsychology as a science of brain and behavior, and to act as a resource for the professional and layperson alike. See links to current technology for brain imaging, and sections covering different aspects of this ever growing field such as cognitive, developmental, and geriatric Neuropsychology. In addition, a reader survey is included to facilitate the expansion of the site.

Browndyke, J. N.

2007-03-24

208

Sonnet Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by a dedicated sonnet aficionado, Sonnet Central is not intended for the scholar, per se, but for the reader, the Internaut with a weakness for poetry. The site contains a collection of English-language sonnets, grouped by period and region or by author, and modernized for contemporary readers. Pictures, contemporaneous critical works, a bibliography, and audio files of readings of selected poems complement the sonnets, some of which are maintained off-site (many at the University of Toronto). From Shakespeare to Wilfred Owen, selections from many well-known sonneteers are here alongside those of their less famous contemporaries.

209

Central hypothyroidism  

PubMed Central

Central hypothyroidism is defined as hypothyroidism due to insufficient stimulation by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) of an otherwise normal thyroid gland. It has an estimated prevalence of approximately 1 in 80,000 to 1 in 120,000. It can be secondary hypothyroidism (pituitary) or tertiary hypothyroidism (hypothalamus) in origin. In children, it is usually caused by craniopharyngiomas or previous cranial irradiation for brain tumors or hematological malignancies. In adults, it is usually due to pituitary macroadenomas, pituitary surgeries or post-irradiation. Fatigue and peripheral edema are the most specific clinical features. Diagnosis is established by the presence of normal to low-normal TSH on the background of low-normal thyroid hormones, confirmed by the thyrotropin releasing hormone stimulation test. Therapy includes use of levothyroxine titrated to improvement in symptomology and keeping free T4 in the upper limit of normal reference range.

Gupta, Vishal; Lee, Marilyn

2011-01-01

210

Central Cord Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Central Cord Syndrome Information Page Synonym(s): Central Cervical Cord Syndrome Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) ... is being done? Clinical Trials Organizations What is Central Cord Syndrome? Central cord syndrome is the most ...

211

Central Pain Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Central Pain Syndrome Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What is Central Pain Syndrome? ... is being done? Clinical Trials Organizations What is Central Pain Syndrome? Central pain syndrome is a neurological ...

212

Centrality in affiliation networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the conceptualization, measurement, and interpretation of centrality in affiliation networks. Although centrality is a well-studied topic in social network analysis, and is one of the most widely used properties for studying affiliation networks, virtually all discussions of centrality and centralization have concerned themselves with one-mode networks. Bonacich's work on simultaneous group and individual centralities is a notable

Katherine Faust

1997-01-01

213

Central Europe Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you are interested in reading news directly from Central Europe, then this is the publication for you. Central Europe Today is a daily English language radio news magazine syndicated throughout Central Europe.

214

Central pontine myelinolysis  

MedlinePLUS

Central pontine myelinolysis is brain cell dysfunction caused by the destruction of the layer ( myelin sheath ) covering ... nerve to another. The most common cause of central pontine myelinolysis is a quick rise in the ...

215

Central line infections - hospitals  

MedlinePLUS

... and increase how long you are in the hospital. Your central line needs special care to prevent ... The hospital staff will use aseptic technique when a central line is put in your chest or arm. Aseptic ...

216

Central Tendency and Variability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This chapter presents two important interrelated topics in statistics: central tendency and variability. Measures of central tendency show how similar the data points in a set of data are, while measures of variability show how much the

Christmann, Edwin P.; Badgett, John L.

2008-11-01

217

Central Avalanche Hazard Forecasting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the first year of activity under Washington State Department of Highways project Central Avalanche Hazard Forecasting (Agreement Y-1700) to test the feasibility and effectiveness of central avalanche forecasting for the Cascade Moun...

E. R. LaChapelle R. T. Marriott M. B. Moore F. W. Reanier P. L. Taylor

1976-01-01

218

Denuclearizing central Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study deals with two interrelated issues: the withdrawal of Soviet nuclear weapons from Central Asia; and the regional nuclear?weapon?free zone (NWFZ) initiative. Central Asian countries succeeded in denuclearizing the region. The ex?Soviet nuclear weapons were withdrawn from Central Asia, and fissile material production for military purposes was stopped. The Central Asian states acceded to the Non?Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and

Alexander Sergounin

1999-01-01

219

Martian Central Pit Craters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Impact craters containing central pits are rare on the terrestrial planets but common on icy bodies. Mars is the exception among the terrestrial planets, where central pits are seen on crater floors ('floor pits') as well as on top of central peaks ('summ...

E. Hillman N. G. Barlow

2005-01-01

220

European Central Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Together with the national central banks of the European Union, the European Central Bank (ECB) collects statistical information and governs the European System of Central Banks (ESCB). Legal texts about the ECB, the ESCB, and the European Monetary Union (EMI) are provided in addition to press releases, speeches, euro area statistics and selected publications of the EMI (in eleven European languages).

221

Is bank supervision central to central banking?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, several central banks have lost their bank supervisory responsibilities, in part because it has not been shown that supervisory authority improves the conduct of monetary policy. This paper finds that confidential bank supervisory information could help the Board staff more accurately forecast important macroeconomic variables and is used by FOMC members to guide monetary policy. These findings suggest that

Joe Peek; Eric S. Rosengren; Geoffrey M. B. Tootell

1999-01-01

222

Central Receiver Plant Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is part of the evaluation work carried out at Ecole Centrale on central receiver plants. THEMIS system peformance is evaluated with emphasis given to energy production. The daily energy production is established on the basis of both plant modelization and actual plant production results. This analysis is performed at different levels of the system: receiver output, salt loop

A. Amri; M. Izygon; B. Tedjiza

1988-01-01

223

Wetlands of Central America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wetlands of seven Central American countries – Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panamá – are reviewed. The region's wetlands are classified into five systems: marine, estuarine, riverine, lacustrine, and palustrine. At a minimum, wetlands cover ˜40,000 km2 (˜8%) of the land area of Central America. These wetlands support high levels of biological diversity, especially of

Aaron M. Ellison

2004-01-01

224

Central Bank Transparency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central bank transparency has become one of the key features of monetary policy recently. This survey article provides a structured review of the theoretical literature on the consequences of transparency of monetary policy, proposing a distinction between uncertainty and incentive effects of transparency. The theoretical insights are compared to the various ways in which central banks have become transparent in

Petra M. Geraats

2002-01-01

225

Central diffraction at ALICE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ALICE experiment is shown to be well suited for studies of exclusive final states from central diffractive reactions. The gluon-rich environment of the central system allows detailed QCD studies and searches for exotic meson states, such as glueballs, hybrids and new charmonium-like states. It would also provide a good testing ground for detailed studies of heavy quarkonia. Due to its central barrel performance, ALICE can accurately measure the low-mass central systems with good purity. The efficiency of the Forward Multiplicity Detector (FMD) and the Forward Shower Counter (FSC) system for detecting rapidity gaps is shown to be adequate for the proposed studies. With this detector arrangement, valuable new data can be obtained by tagging central diffractive processes.

Lämsä, J. W.; Orava, R.

2011-02-01

226

A quality control program for crossmatching procedures for solid organ transplantation 1 1 Dr. P. Hogan, Division of Immunology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia; Dr. A. Geczy, Tissue Typing Laboratory, Australian Red Cross Blood Service—Sydney, NSW, Australia; Dr. B. Tait, Tissue Typing Laboratory, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Dr. P. Bardy, Adelaide Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service, Adelaide, South Australia; A\\/Prof. F. Christiansen, Department of Clinical Immunology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia; Prof. N. Mehra, Department of Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Kidney Matching Scheme (NKMS) allows matching and allocation of donor organs throughout Australia. Sera from potential recipients are distributed to each interstate tissue typing laboratory on a monthly basis for crossmatching in the event of a cadaver donor. Therefore, it is essential there is consensus for results between these laboratories in order for donated organs to be allocated

Andrea J Howden; David C Sayer; Greg Bennett; Linda K Smith; Frank T Christiansen

2000-01-01

227

Central Force JS Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Central Force JavaScript Model computes the trajectory of a particle acted on by a central force.  The model reads uses a JavaScript mathematical expression parser to read the force and a adaptive step Runge-Kutta 5(4) algorithm to compute the trajectory.  This model is designed to test the speed of the JS parser and the accuracy of the EJS JavaScript ODE solver. The Central Force JS Model was developed using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) version 5. It is distributed as a ready-to-run html page and requires only a browser with JavaScript support.

Christian, Wolfgang

2013-09-01

228

MoneyCentral  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MoneyCentral is a new personal finance site by Microsoft now in public beta test. An expanded and more user-friendly form of MSN's Money Insider (discussed in the October 23, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics), MoneyCentral encompasses a wide variety of guides and tools on everything from Family Financing to Real Estate, Taxes and Investing. Visitors may view the full range of MoneyCentral topics from a clearly-arranged and clickable site map among other helpful links.

1999-01-01

229

Glyphosate-surfactant herbicide-induced reversible encephalopathy.  

PubMed

Glyphosate-surfactant (GlySH) is a commonly used herbicide that has been used in attempted suicide. Most reports of GlySH toxicity in patients have followed ingestion of the commercial product "Round-up" (Monsanto Ltd; Melbourne, Victoria, Australia), which consists of a mixture of glyphosate (as a isopropylanine salt) and a surfactant (polyoxyethyleneamine). Ingestion of Round-up is reported to cause significant toxicity including nausea, vomiting, oral and abdominal pain. Renal and hepatic impairment and pulmonary oedema may also occur. Impaired consciousness and encephalopathy have been reported as sequelae but there are limited data on the central nervous system (CNS) effects of Round-up toxicity. We report a 71-year-old male who attempted suicide with GlySH and developed a prolonged but reversible encephalopathy suggestive of acute CNS toxicity. PMID:20655231

Malhotra, R C; Ghia, D K; Cordato, D J; Beran, R G

2010-07-23

230

Central ballast tanker design  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to present the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER Design. This design is intended to reduce the volume of oil spilled from tankers by giving the crew a tanker properly designed and equipped to allow large quantities of oil from ruptured tank(s) to flow safely to a fully-inerted central ballast tank. In addition to reducing the volume of oil spilled, the design also addresses many of the shortcomings of the DOUBLE HULL DESIGN which are increasingly becoming a concern. The following is a brief review of the development of the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER. The simple operational features, stability, low cost and ease of maintenance of the single hull tanker were important and can be retained with the CENTRAL BALLAST DESIGN.

NONE

1997-01-01

231

Central nervous system  

MedlinePLUS

The central nervous system is composed of the brain and spinal cord. Your brain and spinal cord serve as the main "processing center" for the entire nervous system, and control all the workings of your body.

232

CENTRAL PLATEAU REMEDIATION  

SciTech Connect

A systematic approach to closure planning is being implemented at the Hanford Site's Central Plateau to help achieve the goal of closure by the year 2035. The overall objective of Central Plateau remediation is to protect human health and the environment from the significant quantity of contaminated material that resulted from decades of plutonium production in support of the nation's defense. This goal will be achieved either by removing contaminants or placing the residual contaminated materials in a secure configuration that minimizes further migration to the groundwater and reduces the potential for inadvertent intrusion into contaminated sites. The approach to Central Plateau cleanup used three key concepts--closure zones, closure elements, and closure process steps--to create an organized picture of actions required to complete remediation. These actions were merged with logic ties, constraints, and required resources to produce an integrated time-phased schedule and cost profile for Central Plateau closure. Programmatic risks associated with implementation of Central Plateau closure were identified and analyzed. Actions to mitigate the most significant risks are underway while high priority remediation projects continue to make progress.

ROMINE, L.D.

2006-02-01

233

Central Europe Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new weekly online journal from Central and East European New Media Initiative (CEENMI) offers news and analysis of events in politics, society, and culture across the region. With over 45 contributors from 17 countries, the journal provides a surprising amount of coverage each week. In addition to regular columns and weekly news summaries, the journal contains several in-depth articles and special feature pieces, including a number of resources (such as articles, film and book reviews, and related links) grouped around a weekly theme. The journal also offers a weekly list of Central and East European cultural events in the UK, links to related stories from other online news sources, and an archive. Users can read the Central Europe Review at the site or receive free weekly summaries via email.

234

ORIC central region calculations  

SciTech Connect

The central region for the K = 100 Oak Ridge Isochronous Cyclotron, ORIC, will be modified to provide better orbit centering, focusing of orbits in the axial direction, and phase selection, in order to improve extraction efficiency, and reduce radioactive activation of cyclotron components. The central region is specifically designed for the acceleration of intense light ion beams such as 60 MeV protons and 15--100 MeV alphas. These beams will be used in the production of radioactive atoms in the Radioactive Ion Beam Project at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Bailey, J.D.; Dowling, D.T.; Lane, S.N.; Mosko, S.W.; Olsen, D.K.; Tatum, B.A.

1995-12-31

235

Centralized Mouse Repositories  

PubMed Central

Because the mouse is used so widely for biomedical research and the number of mouse models being generated is increasing rapidly, centralized repositories are essential if the valuable mouse strains and models that have been developed are to be securely preserved and fully exploited. Ensuring the ongoing availability of these mouse strains preserves the investment made in creating and characterizing them and creates a global resource of enormous value. The establishment of centralized mouse repositories around the world for distributing and archiving these resources has provided critical access to and preservation of these strains. This article describes the common and specialized activities provided by major mouse repositories around the world.

Donahue, Leah Rae; de Angelis, Martin Hrabe; Hagn, Michael; Franklin, Craig; Lloyd, K. C. Kent; Magnuson, Terry; McKerlie, Colin; Nakagata, Naomi; Obata, Yuichi; Read, Stuart; Wurst, Wolfgang; Horlein, Andreas; Davisson, Muriel T.

2013-01-01

236

The Evolution of Central Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

November 1995What have we learned about central banks? The principal factors affecting central bank autonomy in the past two centuries have been prevailing political conditions, a laissez faire environment, and the exchange rate regime (whether fixed or floating).Institutions we know as central banks emerged or were established as commercial banks or government banks. Their evolution into central banks came with

Forrest Capie

1999-01-01

237

Central Europe – management training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the experiences of the European Operations of the Otis Elevator Company in setting up joint ventures in Central Europe, viewed from the management training perspective. Relates the problems of designing and putting together a program for the top management teams of the three countries concerned, Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic. Examines the reasons for creating a program taught

Colin R. Coast

1995-01-01

238

Centrality and network flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

Centrality measures, or at least popular interpretations of these measures, make implicit assumptions about the manner in which traffic flows through a network. For example, some measures count only geodesic paths, apparently assuming that whatever flows through the network only moves along the shortest possible paths. This paper lays out a typology of network flows based on two dimensions of

Stephen P. Borgatti

2005-01-01

239

Loess of Central Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loess deposits are widespread within the piedmont and intramontane depressions of Central Asia. They cover piedmont plains, river terraces, ridge slopes and watersheds. Loess is a significant component in the piedmonts of Tien Shan, eastern Fergana depression, the Afgan-Tajik depression, piedmonts of Kopetdag, Badchyz and Karabil Hills north of Parapamiz, in the Kashmir valley, on the Potwar Plateau and in

A. E. Dodonov

1991-01-01

240

Central Exclusive Dijet Production  

SciTech Connect

The ingredients of central exclusive production cross section include large perturbative corrections and soft quantities that must be parametrized and fitted to data. In this talk, we summarize the results of a study of the uncertainties coming from these ingredients, in the case of exclusive dijet production.

Dechambre, A.; Cudell, J. R.; Ivanov, I. P. [Departement d'Astrophysique, de Geophysique et d'Oceanographie, Universite de Liege, B5a, Sart-Tilman, B-4000 Liege (Belgium); Hernandez, O. [Marianopolis College, 3880 Cote-des-Neiges, Montreal, QC, H3H1W1 (Canada); Physic Dept., McGill University, 3600 University St., Montreal, QC, H3A2T8 (Canada)

2008-08-29

241

Central venous catheter use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central venous catheters are being increasingly used in both intensive care units and general wards. Their use is associated with both mechanical and infectious complications. This review will focus on short- and medium-term mechanical complications of catheter placement; infectious complications will be discussed in a separate article. The most important risk factors are patient characteristics (morbidity, underlying disease and local

Kees H. Polderman; Armand R. J. Girbes

2002-01-01

242

Central tendency pole assignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In adaptive control, there is a range of possibilities between the two extremes of applying the Certainty Equivalence Principle, which can only hold asymptotically, and Dual Control, which is not a practical proposition for on-line schemes. Here it is proposed that adaptive controllers be designed using Measures of Central Tendency of the a posteriori probability function of the control signal

John B. Moore; Tom Ryall; Lige Xia

1986-01-01

243

Education in Central America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first chapter of this book describes the physical and cultural environment of Central America and includes analytical comments showing the complexity of the problems confronting the region. Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama are then treated in separate chapters including: 1) political, economic, social and…

Waggoner, George R.; Waggoner, Barbara Ashton

244

Central Authority and Order  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strong central authorities are able to effectively manage costly defection, but are unable to adequately address lesser conflicts because of limits to their ability to monitor and enforce. We argue, counterintuitively, that these limitations build coop- eration and trust among subordinates:the limitations contribute to the production of order. First, limits to authority leave space for locally informed decentralized enforce- ment.

Emily Erikson; Joseph M. Parent

2007-01-01

245

Central serous choroidopathy  

MedlinePLUS

... be a risk factor. Early studies found that people with aggressive, "type A" personalities who are under a lot of stress may be more likely to develop central serous retinopathy. The condition can also occur as a complication of steroid drug use.

246

Central venous catheter use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central venous catheters (CVCs) are used with increasing frequency in the intensive care unit and in general medical wards. Catheter infection, the most frequent complication of CVC use, is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and duration of hospital stay. Risk factors in the development of catheter colonisation and bloodstream infection include patient factors (increased risk associated with malignancy, neutropenia, and

K. H. Polderman; A. R. J. Girbes

2002-01-01

247

Solar central receiver program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of solar central receiver programs are being conducted with the goal of developing a system capable of producing low cost electricity. The programs are concentrating on the heliostat, receiver and storage subsystems. The emphasis in the heliostat program is to develop designs which are amenable to mass production and minimum maintenance. Both glass and plastic designs are being

L. N. Tallerico; A. C. Skinrood

1979-01-01

248

Brucellosis in Central America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brucellosis is a disease of domestic animals and humans in Central America (CA). Bovine and swine brucellosis caused by Brucella abortus and Brucella suis, respectively, have been identified in all CA countries, while ovine and caprine brucellosis caused by Brucella melitensis has been detected in Guatemala. The prevalence of bovine brucellosis is estimated between 4 and 8%, with higher prevalence

Edgardo Moreno

2002-01-01

249

The Central Intelligence Agency's \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Congress and the media recently have claimed that various activities of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)-from rendition operations, to the destruction of videotapes, to the maintenance of secret detention facilities overseas--are illegal. Critics levied similar charges against the CIA thirty-five years ago, with regard to activities contained in the \\

Daniel L Pines

2009-01-01

250

FED: Our Central Bank.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Reserve System is the central bank of the United States. Congress created the Federal Reserve through a law passed in 1913, charging it with a responsibility to foster a sound banking system and healthy economy. This remains, today, the broad ...

2000-01-01

251

Multicultural Central Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the multicultural aspect of Central Asia in response to the discussion on diversity in U.S. classrooms. Many areas of the world are more diverse than the U.S., and these areas experience successes and failures with many of the same issues the U.S. is currently struggling with. Comparing the U.S. diversity debate with similar…

Boyle, Eric D.

252

Gangs in Central America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 110th Congress maintains a keen interest in the effects of crime and gang violence in Central America and its spillover effects on the United States. Since February 2005, more than 1,758 alleged members of the violent Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) gang hav...

C. R. Seelke

2008-01-01

253

Developing the Understanding and Practice of Inclusion in Higher Education for International Students with Disabilities/Additional Needs: A Whole Schooling Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we present research on inclusion in higher education using a whole schooling philosophy. We seek insight into the perspectives of international students with disabilities/additional needs, three of whom from this particular research group are from non-English speaking backgrounds and attending the same university in Melbourne

Supple, Briony; Abgenyega, Joseph

2011-01-01

254

DELIGHT IN DAYLIGHT: EFFECT OF WINDOW ARRANGEMENTS ON THE QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF DAYLIGHT  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an emergence of improved daylight data for prediction of energy saving from photoelectric controls. Some Melbourne data of external horizontal illuminance and availability of sunlight is given. For the home designer this information can give a greater awareness of the potential of daylight and sunlight to give form and charcter to an interior, and thus a greater sense

B. Merz

1983-01-01

255

Do library staff have what it takes to be a librarian of the future?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to outline strategies and approaches in the workforce plan to address skill shortages in the university of Melbourne library to ensure that staff have the appropriate skills for the future. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The objectives were achieved by developing a workforce plan to identify skills gaps, and then to work with training providers

Karen Kealy

2009-01-01

256

Aluminum-lithium alloys -- the next generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advantages of aluminum-lithium (Al-Li) alloys, such as low density and high modulus, have been well documented in the last 15 years, but their impact on the aerospace market has fallen short of initial expectations. However, vacuum refining processes have now been developed at Comalco Aluminium Ltd., Melbourne, Australia, that provide improved mechanical properties. In addition, the patented technology allows

1994-01-01

257

Sharing Music and Culture through Singing in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the notion of sharing music and culture as an effective platform to celebrate diversity in Melbourne, Australia. My research project "Celebrating Music Making and Finding Meaning" investigates and illustrates a context of diversity, one that promotes respect in a multicultural society sharing music and culture of a minority…

Joseph, Dawn

2009-01-01

258

Training for dentists in smoking cessation intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Although dentists are ideally placed to deliver smoking cessation advice and assistance to their patients, smoking cessation interventions are not often incorporated as a routine part of dental care. Research is needed to identify factors that facilitate and inhibit dentists' capacities to deliver smoking cessation advice. Methods: An initial focus group discussion was conducted in Melbourne with 10 dentists.

Lisa Trotter; Prue Worcester

259

Tourist gay(ze) or transnational sex: Australian gay men's holiday desires  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper draws on 21 qualitative interviews with Australian gay men from the cities of Melbourne and Sydney. The paper explores the motivations for the gay men to undertake their holidays, in particular the pursuit and\\/or experience of sex and the intersecting of travel, sex and social class in reinforcing binaries of exclusion\\/inclusion within gay male travel. It is suggested

Mark E. Casey

2009-01-01

260

Ethics, engineering and the environment: Is Hawking correct… is it all too late?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999 an international benchmarking project, involving an annual delivery of an environmental ethics course was established between Auckland University of Technology (Auckland), RMIT University (Melbourne) and Wismar University of Technology, Business and Design (Germany). The impetus for this was twofold: firstly to address curriculum requirements under the Washington Accord, and secondly (and perhaps more importantly), to ensure that engineering

John Buckeridge; John Brumley

2006-01-01

261

Teacher Talk in the Immersion Classroom: Strategies to Communicate in the Target Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on strategies used by immersion teachers to modify their speech in order to maintain the use of the target language while sustaining interactive communication and the concomitant teaching of the content and the second language. This classroom-based research, undertaken at Methodist Ladies College (MLC) in Melbourne, sources…

Veque, Catherine

2005-01-01

262

Where do children usually play? A qualitative study of parents’ perceptions of influences on children's active free-play  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the perceptions of 78 parents from low, mid and high socio-economic areas in Melbourne, Australia to increase understanding of where children play and why. Using an ecological model interviews with parents revealed that safety and social factors emerged as key social themes, facilities at parks and playgrounds, and urban design factors emerged as important physical environment themes.

Jenny Veitch; Sarah Bagley; Kylie Ball; Jo Salmon

2006-01-01

263

Urban Tourism Precincts and the Experience of Place  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using phenomenology as the basic methodological framework, this article examines tourists' experiences in Federation Square and the Southbank promenade, two tourism precincts in the city of Melbourne, Australia. Eighteen extended interviews were conducted with a total of 24 participants using an open-ended question format. The interviews were guided by the phenomenological question: ‘what is the essence of the precinct experience’?

Tony Griffin; Bruce Hayllar

2009-01-01

264

Self-Reported and Actual Use of Proactive and Reactive Classroom Management Strategies and Their Relationship with Teacher Stress and Student Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between primary school teachers' self-reported and actual use of classroom management strategies, and examined how the use of proactive and reactive strategies is related to teacher stress and student behaviour. The total sample consisted of 97 teachers from primary schools within Melbourne. Teachers…

Clunies-Ross, Penny; Little, Emma; Kienhuis, Mandy

2008-01-01

265

Rewriting "The Road to Nowhere": Place Pedagogies in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Negative representations of parts of our cities are endemic in the Australian media, where certain suburbs function as motifs for failure--past, present, and future. Indeed, as one journalist put it after invoking the "interchangeable" triumvirate of Sydney's Mount Druitt, Melbourne's West Heidelberg, and Brisbane's Inala, "geography is destiny"…

Gannon, Susanne

2009-01-01

266

Minimizing the chaos following the loss of article 59: suggestions for a necessary discussion  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We believe that the decision at the 2011 Melbourne Botanical Congress to suppress the dual nomenclature for pleomorphic fungi was premature since the great majority of fungal genera still remain inadequately typified and need molecularly based revisions. We deplore the move from a clearly rule-deter...

267

OPTIMISATION OF PROCESS FLOW FOR HIGH RESOLUTION DEM GENERATION VIA DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY: TEST OF OPTIONS WITH AND WITHOUT ANCILLARY DATA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Casey City, (eastern suburban Melbourne) is formulating the Cranbourne West and Lyndhurst Development Plan. The somewhat irregularly-shaped site (approximately 1618 hectares) lies between Western Port Highway to the west, Cranbourne-Frankston Road to the south - Evans Road to the east - South Gippsland Highway to the north. Pre- requisite to later stages of project formulation and execution is possession of

Joshphar Kunapo; Shobhit Chandra; Jim Peterson; Cathy Brady

268

Jewish Holocaust Histories and the Work of Chronological Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the ways that, in Holocaust education in Jewish schools in Melbourne and New York at the beginning of the 21st century, knowledge of the Holocaust is transferred to students in chronological form. It begins by asking: What work do chronological narratives do within the Holocaust historical narratives offered within Jewish…

Silverstein, Jordana

2012-01-01

269

Setting the pace: the 2011 Australasian Podiatry Council conference  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2011 Australasian Podiatry Council conference was held from April 26 to 29 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. This commentary\\u000a provides a brief overview of the conference, including the speakers and topic areas covered, selected original research highlights,\\u000a and award winning presentations.

Hylton B Menz; Julia Firth

2011-01-01

270

Isolation of five strains of thermophilic eubacteria in Antarctica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five isolates of thermophilic bacteria, capable of growing at 65°C, were obtained from samples of soil collected from the Cryptogam Ridge (Mount Melbourne) and in the area north of Edmonson Point, Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Electron microscopy, morphological and physiological properties, lipid analyses and GC content of the isolates are described in this paper. On the basis of the results

B. Nicolaus; F. Marsiglia; E. Esposito; A. Trincone; L. Lama; R. Sharp; G. di Prisco; A. Gambacorta

1991-01-01

271

Web-Based Teaching: The Beginning of the End for Universities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a World Wide Web-based, generic, inter-disciplinary subject called computer-aided policymaking. It has been offered at Melbourne University (Australia) from the beginning of 2001. It has generated some salutary lessons in marketing and pedagogy, but overall it is concluded that Web-based teaching has a rosy future.…

Wyatt, Ray

272

"It's a Sort of "Ad Hoc" Roadshow": Disruptive Pedagogies and Digital Introductions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores disruption of habituated literacy practices through the creation of new possibilities in a digital space. Preservice English method teachers at a Melbourne university were invited to create a digital introduction and to reflect after the presentation on aspects of technology, representation and learning that were brought…

Faulkner, Julie

2012-01-01

273

On the Occurrence of Brown Cannel Coal (``Kerosene Shale'') with Reinschia australis in the Falkland Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

AMONGST an interesting exchange series of fossils sent to. the National Museum, Melbourne, by the honorary curator of the Falkland Islands Museum, there is a specimen of ``kerosene shale,'' which, on account of its deep brown colour, resinous lustre, and eminent conchoidal fracture, at once reminded me of the oil-bearing rock of Hartley, New South Wales. Upon slicing this specimen

Frederick Chapman

1911-01-01

274

Travelling Drum with Different Beats: experiencing African music and culture in Australian teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a study that examined the effectiveness of introducing African music and culture to Australian non-specialist primary teacher education students at Deakin University in Melbourne (Australia). The study demonstrates that African music enhanced the generic musical experiences, learning, motivation, interest, confidence and competence of students in their fourth year of teacher education. The research also addressed the

Dawn Joseph

2005-01-01

275

EPortfolios, Professional Development and Employability: Some Student Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore business students' views about using ePortfolios at Victoria University (VU) in Melbourne. It also examines the extent to which students present ePortfolios to prospective employers in applying for jobs. Design/methodology/approach: This paper draws on the literature on ePortfolio use and the role…

Woodley, Carolyn; Sims, Rob

2011-01-01

276

Two field studies examining the association between positive psychological capital and employee performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between psychological capital (comprised of hope, optimism, efficacy and resilience) and employee performance through multiple studies and methods of data. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study included two samples in a large financial firm headquartered in Melbourne, Australia. The employees' level of psychological capital were measured with the psychological capital

James B. Avey; James L. Nimnicht; Nancy Graber Pigeon

2010-01-01

277

Using Intensive Interaction to Add to the Palette of Interactive Possibilities in Teacher-Pupil Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intensive Interaction was introduced to a special developmental school in Melbourne, Australia. The school had previously used behavioural and skills-based teaching approaches to underpin the teaching of students with severe/profound intellectual disabilities and autistic spectrum disorders. Video baselines of students involved in classroom…

Barber, Mark

2008-01-01

278

The Link Between Early Psychosis And Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early identification and treatment of psychosis is not a new idea. Early intervention for psychosis surfaced at the start of the 1990s in Melbourne, Australia, and has spread worldwide, successfully reducing the duration of untreated psychosis. But the role of occupational therapy in this new approach deserves a better look, particularly the profession's unique perspective in relation to community involvement

Sean Roush

2009-01-01

279

Marketing communications for special events : Analysing managerial practice, consumer perceptions and preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Relatively little is known about marketing communications within the context of special events. The aim of this paper is to begin to address this gap in knowledge by analysing managerial practice, consumer perceptions and preferences in relation to marketing communications for this market offering. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study analysis of Festival Melbourne 2006 was undertaken using marketing

Anne-Marie Hede; Pamm Kellett

2011-01-01

280

Work Orientations of Australian Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aspects of the relative importance of work were examined in a representative sample of 700 Melbourne year-10 students. Instruments were Taylor's Work Quiz (WQ), the Values Scale (VS) and Salience Inventory (SI) developed for the international Work Importance Study, and Holland's Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI). From the WQ three basic…

Lokan, Jan; And Others

281

Parents with Mental Illness: Decision?making in Australian Children's Court Cases Involving Parents with Mental Health Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental illness is listed as a child protection concern for a number of families reported to child protection agencies in Australia. Parents with mental health problems are more vulnerable, as are their children, to having parenting and child welfare concerns. Studies undertaken in the Melbourne Children's Court (Victoria) have found that the children of parents with mental health problems comprise

Rosemary Sheehan; Greg Levine

2005-01-01

282

Turnaround in an aged persons' mental health service in crisis: a case study of organisational renewal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study demonstrates how leadership was harnessed to turn around a decline in the performance of an aged persons' mental health service — the Namarra Nursing Home at Caulfield General Medical Centre in Melbourne, Australia. In 2000 the nursing home faced a crisis of public confidence due to failings in the management of quality, clinical risk and human resources

Simon Stafrace; Alan Lilly

2008-01-01

283

Two-Way Radio in Schools (or, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Learner). An Evaluation of a High Frequency Short Wave, Two-Way Radio Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Country Education Project in Victoria, Australia, tested the use of two-way radios to bring educational resources to isolated children studying correspondence courses in small rural high schools and to increase interaction among rural schools. Eight rural Victoria schools and the Secondary Correspondence School in Melbourne used two-way…

Conboy, Ian

284

ACCE Position Paper on ICT in the Australian Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Melbourne Declaration recognises the place of ICT in education by it being both a general capability (GC) and a learning area conceptually placed under the umbrella of Technologies. This dual recognition acknowledges the shift to a knowledge-based society and the need for all students to acquire and apply a depth and breadth of ICT knowledge,…

Australian Educational Computing, 2011

2011-01-01

285

The Canticle's Song of Sixpence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Consists of an interview with one of the founders of the Canticle Bakery in Melbourne, Australia. The bakery was developed as a nonprofit venture and provides employment for about 13 young people as well as the founders. Emphasis is placed on quality of product and quality of work life. (CH)|

Work Matters, 1988

1988-01-01

286

Homepage Finding and Topic Distillation Using a Common Retrieval Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the TREC-2002 web track the University of Melbourne experimented with a system designed primarily for topic relevance tasks, and applied i t directly to the homepage finding and topic distillation tasks. Our intention was to process queries re gardless of their classification, as discriminating information may be unavailable in practice. An integer-valued weighting scheme reported in earlier work was

Vo Ngoc Anh; Alistair Moffat

2002-01-01

287

Unauthorised human use of an urban coastal wetland sanctuary: Current and future patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban expansion brings profound impacts and challenges to many ecosystems, including wetlands. Unauthorised public access to wetland sanctuaries can lead to a number of management problems, such as increasing disturbance to migratory shorebirds. We investigate unauthorised human use of a coastal urban wetland located in Melbourne, Australia, and use current results to predict future patterns of visitation under different management

Mark J. Antos; Glenn C. Ehmke; Christopher L. Tzaros; Michael A. Weston

2007-01-01

288

New Journals of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creativity, personality assessment and social attitudes are the three primary interests listed by Ronald Taft in the International Directory of Psychologists. He took his Ph.D. at the University of Berkeley, California, USA and is now at the University of Melbourne, Australia. He is also Consulting Editor of Australian Journal of Psychology. The International Platform asked him to review the new

Ronald Taft

1967-01-01

289

An Institutional Approach to the Evaluation of Educational Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines an institutional approach that guides the evaluation of educational technology in the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences at the University of Melbourne (Victoria, Australia). Roles for an internal evaluator and educational technology practitioners are proposed, and a conceptual framework that guides the evaluation process…

Kennedy, Gregor E.

2003-01-01

290

Teaching Mixed-Mode: A Case Study in Remote Delivery of Computer Science in Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In February 2003, RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, commenced delivery of a Computer Science diploma and degree programme using mixed mode delivery to 250 university students in sub-Saharan Africa, through a World Bank funded project designed for the African Virtual University (AVU). The project is a unique experience made possible by…

Howell, Sheila; Harris, Michael; Wilkinson, Simon; Zuluaga, Catherine; Voutier, Paul

2004-01-01

291

Accelerograms for Dynamic Analysis under the New Australian Standard for Earthquake Actions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new Australian Standard for Earthquake Actions requires buildings exceeding 50 m in height and located in areas with hazard factor of Z ? 0.08 (which applies to most capital cities including Canberra, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth) to be designed for earthquake actions based on dynamic analyses. This paper presents a methodology for generating and using artificial accelerograms for

Nelson Lam; John Wilson; Srikanth Venkatesan

292

Two-Way Radio in Schools (or, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Learner). An Evaluation of a High Frequency Short Wave, Two-Way Radio Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Country Education Project in Victoria, Australia, tested the use of two-way radios to bring educational resources to isolated children studying correspondence courses in small rural high schools and to increase interaction among rural schools. Eight rural Victoria schools and the Secondary Correspondence School in Melbourne used two-way…

Conboy, Ian

293

The Parliament of the World’s Religions: who goes and why? An empirical study of Barcelona 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Parliament of the World’s Religions met in 1993 (Chicago), 1999 (Cape Town), 2004 (Barcelona) and 2009 (Melbourne). The 1993 declaration affirmed that a common set of core values is found in the teachings of religion that provide the conditions for a sustainable world order. The present study provides the first detailed profile of the religious background, beliefs, and motivations

Leslie J. Francis; Mandy Robbins; Sarita Cargas

2010-01-01

294

Make a World of Difference: Hearing Each Other, Healing the Earth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is the edited text of the presentation made by the author at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Melbourne, Australia, 3-9 December 2009. The session was titled "Healing the Earth with Care and Concern: Religious Responses to the Earth Charter". The article highlights some of the efforts that the Soka Gakkai International…

Sakurai, Hiro

2010-01-01

295

Lesson Study: An Effective School-Based Teacher Professional Learning Model for Teachers of Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on ongoing research in a cluster of schools in the outer south-eastern suburbs of Melbourne which is utilising Lesson Study as a peer observation model for mathematics teaching. The findings from nine initial Lesson Study sessions undertaken by cluster teachers to develop a Fractions Teaching Program are presented. The results indicate the success of the fractions tasks

Peter Sanders

296

The Power of a Single Game to Address a Range of Important Ideas in Fraction Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of the Contemporary Teaching and Learning of Mathematics Project (CTLM), the mathematics education team at Australian Catholic University has the privilege of working with principals, teachers, students, and parents in schools in the Melbourne Archdiocese. A particular highlight is the opportunity to work alongside project teachers and…

Clarke, Doug; Roche, Anne

2010-01-01

297

The Monsoon Wedding Phenomenon: Understanding Indian Students Studying in Australian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How does the University sector identify and support the diverse needs of Indian students? This paper reports on a research project carried out on undergraduate students from India enrolled at a Melbourne-based University. The focus is the need to understand why Indian students choose an overseas destination for tertiary study. The intent is to…

Johnson, Richard; Kumar, Margaret

2010-01-01

298

"Working Your Words": Appraisal in the AFL Post-Match Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the language used by Australian Football League (AFL) footballers and Australian Broadcast Corporation (ABC) journalists in their post-match interviews broadcast on ABC (774 Melbourne) radio. From Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), Appraisal is used to investigate the evaluative language expressed by the AFL footballers in…

Caldwell, David

2009-01-01

299

Differences in self-reported decision-making styles in stimulant-dependent and opiate-dependent individuals  

PubMed Central

In light of the growing evidence of altered decision-making in addiction we assessed decision-making styles in drug-dependent individuals using the Melbourne Decision-Making Questionnaire (MDMQ). Consistent with the literature on laboratory tests of decision-making, we found that stimulant users reported less competent and more maladaptive decision-making styles compared with controls.

Gorodetzky, Hadas; Sahakian, Barbara J.; Robbins, Trevor W.; Ersche, Karen D.

2013-01-01

300

The Pink Palace, policy and power: Home-making practices and gentrification in Northcote  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural practices constitute cultural spaces, which include, or exclude, specific identities. This article examines a set of particular ‘home-making’ cultural practices surrounding gentrification in Northcote, Melbourne. I use the notion of home making to understand the implications of gentrification on a particular site, the Pink Palace. The Pink Palace was a former warehouse, located on Eastment Street, Northcote, which operated

Rosemary Overell

2009-01-01

301

THE TEXT ANALYSIS OBJECT (TAO): ENGAGING STUDENTS IN ACTIVE LEARNING ON THE WEB  

Microsoft Academic Search

At The University of Melbourne, there has been an ongoing effort to place the learning of anatomy within a clinical context by linking anatomical knowledge with clinical practice and diagnosis. This effort has been made in order to overcome the traditional division between structure and application, which characterises much of biological science teaching. In recent times the Faculty of Medicine

David M. Kennedy; Albert Ip; Norm Eizenberg

302

Systematic Variation of Observed Radar Reflectivity-Rainfall Rate Relations in the Tropics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Global Validation Program provides a unique opportunity to compare radar datasets from different sites, because they are analyzed in a relatively uniform procedure. Monthly observed radar reflectivity-rainfall rate (Ze-R) relations for four different sites that are surrounded by tipping bucket gauge networks (Melbourne, Florida; Houston, Texas; Darwin, Australia; and Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of Marshall Islands)

Eyal Amitai

2000-01-01

303

Facilitating reflection on assessment policies and practices: A planning framework for educative review of assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on a project at the University of Melbourne to support academic staff in reviewing and developing effective assessment policies and practices. It is concerned with the role and location of assessment within the higher education curriculum, the practical issues associated with planning pedagogically effective assessment, and the means through which academic disciplinary knowledge can be incorporated alongside

Kerri-Lee Harris; Richard James

304

Dr. Val Stephen, a ‘Gentleman Amateur’ in Australian Electronic Music Experiment of the 1960s  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses the example of Dr. Val Stephen, a Melbourne anaesthetist believed to be the first Australia-based composer to have a record of electronic music released overseas, to discuss an unexplored category woven into the tapestry of Australian electronic music experiment of the 1960s; namely, that of the ‘hobby experimentalist’. The article shows that while Stephen might be conveniently

John Whiteoak; Clinton Green

2010-01-01

305

Widowed Families with Children: Personal Need and Societal Response. Working Paper No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The death of a parent can cause economic and emotional stress for the surviving family members. As part of a larger survey of widowed men and women, living in Melbourne, Australia, data on needs of children who had experienced a parent's death were collected from 126 widowed parents with at least one child under the age of 18. Parents reported…

Rosenman, Linda; And Others

306

Discovered by chance: The role of incidental information acquisition in an ecological model of information use  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of information which is incidentally or accidentally acquired has been neglected in the study of information-seeking behavior. The study reported in this article focused on “incidental information acquisition” as a key concept and investigated the information-seeking behavior of 202 older adults, aged 60 and over, from both metropolitan Melbourne and rural areas in the Australian state of Victoria.

Kirsty Williamson

1998-01-01

307

Social psychology in Australia: Past and present  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the development of social psychology in Australia from its early beginnings, through post?World War II, to the current situation. Social psychology became an integral part of the psychology curriculum after the Second World War, with a strong emphasis at the University of Melbourne. It received an impetus in the 1960s with the creation of Flinders, Macquarie, and

N. T. Feather

2005-01-01

308

Observation and modeling of stable water isotopes as diagnostics of rainfall dynamics over southeastern Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A unified approach of observation and modeling was applied to the investigation of three circulation types that typically bring rain to southeastern Australia. Observations from the Melbourne University Network of Isotopes in Precipitation of high-resolution variations in the ratios of 18O and 2H were collected for (1) mixed frontal, (2) convective, and (3) stratiform precipitation events. Isotopic content of precipitation

Vaughan Barras; Ian Simmonds

2009-01-01

309

Rewriting "The Road to Nowhere": Place Pedagogies in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Negative representations of parts of our cities are endemic in the Australian media, where certain suburbs function as motifs for failure--past, present, and future. Indeed, as one journalist put it after invoking the "interchangeable" triumvirate of Sydney's Mount Druitt, Melbourne's West Heidelberg, and Brisbane's Inala, "geography is destiny"…

Gannon, Susanne

2009-01-01

310

Do parents make a difference to children’s academic achievement? Differences between parents of higher and lower achieving students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differences in family factors in determining academic achievement were investigated by testing 432 parents in nine independent, coeducational Melbourne schools. Schools were ranked and categorized into three groups (high, medium and low), based on student achievement (ENTER) scores in their final year of secondary school and school improvement indexes. Parents completed a questionnaire investigating their attitudes towards the school environment,

Nicky Jacobs; David Harvey

2005-01-01

311

"This Is My Thing!": Middle Years Students' Engagement and Learning Using Digital Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is widely acknowledged that multimodal digital texts support student engagement with ideas, knowledge and new forms of literate practice. With this in mind, an interdisciplinary team at The University of Melbourne collaborated to create a digital resource--"The Venom Patrol" website--to teach scientific concepts about Australia's venomous…

Molyneux, Paul; Godinho, Sally

2012-01-01

312

Young Australians and the staging of intoxication and self-control  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007, according to newspaper reports, Melbourne streets had become ‘booze battlegrounds’. In the year that followed, binge drinking by young Australians was a major news focus and a subject for heightened public anxiety. Young drinkers were perceived to be out of control. In this paper, I draw on two qualitative research projects with young Australians to explore the contradictory

Jo Lindsay

2009-01-01

313

City people eat rivers: estimating the virtual water consumed by people in a large Australian city  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is self evident that the majority of stream length in Australia flows through rural rather than urban areas. The result is that stream condition is seen to be a rural issue. In fact, the condition of rural streams in Australia is determined, to a large degree, by food choices made by people in cities. Using Melbourne as a case-study,

Ian Rutherfurd; Amelia Tsang; Siao Khee Tan

314

Competing Values and Traditions in an Orthodox Jewish Day School: A Study of Enculturation Dissonance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines how the values and value orientations derived fro two differing, historical traditions influence the formal education of adolescent boys attending an Orthodox Jewish day school in Melbourne, Australia. The two traditions include the Chassidic variant of the great tradition of Orthodox Judaism and the Australian adaptation of…

Bullivant, Brian Milton

315

Diabetic retinopathy in Victoria, Australia: the Visual Impairment Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo establish the prevalence, severity, and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in a representative sample of Victorian residents aged 40 years and older.METHODSA population based, cluster sampling method was used to recruit 4744 participants (86% participation rate). Nine randomly selected, suburban Melbourne clusters and four randomly selected, rural Victorian clusters were used. Participants provided a detailed medical and personal history

Robert McKay; Catherine A McCarty; Hugh R Taylor

2000-01-01

316

The factor structure of prenatal psychological and psychosocial functioning in first-time expectant parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

To evaluate the psychological and psychosocial functioning of couples undergoing their first pregnancy, 327 couples from Melbourne, Victoria completed measures of depression, anger, anxiety, positive and negative affect, current social support, perceived quality of couple's relationship, and recalled childhood family relationships during the early third trimester of pregnancy. To examine the nature of the pregnant couples' experience of pregnancy, an

S. Durkin; C. Morse; A. Buist

2001-01-01

317

Good Practice in Secondary School Careers Programs: A Case Study of the Approach of One Inner City School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Career programmes within secondary school curriculum can impact on a young person's sense of direction and meaning in life. The purpose of this paper is to report on an evaluation that was conducted in 2009 of the careers programmes in one secondary college in the western suburbs of Melbourne. Design/methodology/approach: The research…

Broadbent, Robyn; Cacciattolo, Marcelle; Papadopoulos, Theo

2012-01-01

318

Collaborative Development of Anatomy Workshops for Medical and Dental Students in Cambodia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After Phnom Penh was liberated from the Khmer Rouge in 1979, health science education in Cambodia had to be completely rebuilt. In this article, the authors report the results of a teaching collaboration between the University of Melbourne (Australia), the International University (Cambodia), and the University of Health Sciences (Cambodia). The…

Hayes, Jennifer A.; Ivanusic, Jason J.; le Roux, Cara M.; Hatzopoulos, Kate; Gonsalvez, David; Hong, Someth; Durward, Callum

2011-01-01

319

The Measurement of Turbulence in a City Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing requirement for data about turbulence in a city environment, particularly in relation to building design and the imminent operation of aircraft from this environment, has prompted the measurement of the structure of wind at a site in Melbourne, Australia. Fast response propellor-type anemometers located at three heights on an 18.5 m tower were used. Data on the frequency

R. R. Brook

1972-01-01

320

Crossing Borders: Evaluating a Work Integrated Learning Project Involving Australian and Vietnamese Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of work integrated learning (WIL) is well-established in the education of information management (IM) professionals. Adding value to WIL through cross-cultural or cross-disciplinary experiences is considered in this article. Using online communication, simulation activities, and onsite work, students from RMIT Melbourne and RMIT Ho Chi…

Welch, Bernadette; Vo-Tran, Huan; Pittayachawan, Siddhi; Reynolds, Sue

2012-01-01

321

Perspectives on ... Information Literacy in the ''E'' Environment: An Approach for Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines an organizational approach to information literacy at the University of Melbourne involving information specialists who bridge information management, teaching, and technology. It discusses the circumstances leading to this approach, the benefits and challenges of the information specialists' mandate, the importance of social…

Bridgland, Angela; Whitehead, Martha

2005-01-01

322

Zebra Crossing: Walking in Two Continents Sharing and Celebrating Difference through Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|I use the metaphor "zebra crossing" in my reflective narrative to describe my plight and struggle as a non-white person growing up and working in Johannesburg, South Africa, during the apartheid era. This article considers and compares the notions of culture, diversity and identity as I now work in a tertiary institution in Melbourne, Australia.…

Joseph, Dawn

2011-01-01

323

‘Dig In’ to Social Capital: Community Gardens as Mechanisms for Growing Urban Social Connectedness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on research undertaken with members of a Melbourne urban community garden to explore the extent to which such a natural amenity provides opportunities for enhancing social capital. It is apparent even from this small qualitative study that membership of ‘Dig In’ community garden offers many benefits to its members. These benefits include increased social cohesion (the sharing

Jonathan ‘Yotti’ Kingsley; Mardie Townsend

2006-01-01

324

Sleep no more: Ouyang Yu's wake-up call to multicultural Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the title poem of Ouyang Yu's first collection, Moon Over Melbourne, a homesick Chinese poet compares the Australian moon to the moon celebrated by countless poets in his homeland. The moon is the same, and at the same time different. Like the ancient Chinese moon, it inspires poetry - and madness - but in Australia poetry is born of

W. Ommundsen

2005-01-01

325

Psychometric properties of a Swedish translation of the VISA-P outcome score for patellar tendinopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Self-administrated patient outcome scores are increasingly recommended for evaluation of primary outcome in clinical studies. The VISA-P score, developed at the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment in Melbourne, Australia, is a questionnaire developed for patients with patellar tendinopathy and the patients assess severity of symptoms, function and ability to participate in sport. The aim of this study was to

Anna Frohm; Tönu Saartok; Gunnar Edman; Per Renström

2004-01-01

326

The Monsoon Wedding phenomenon: understanding Indian students studying in Australian universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

How does the University sector identify and support the diverse needs of Indian students? This paper reports on a research project carried out on undergraduate students from India enrolled at a Melbourne?based University. The focus is the need to understand why Indian students choose an overseas destination for tertiary study. The intent is to explore how the curriculum that they

Richard Johnson; Margaret Kumar

2010-01-01

327

Randomised factorial trial of falls prevention among older people living in their own homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To test the effectiveness of, and explore interactions between, three interventions to prevent falls among older people. Design A randomised controlled trial with a full factorial design. Setting Urban community in Melbourne, Australia. Participants 1090 aged 70 years and over and living at home. Most were Australian born and rated their health as good to excellent; just over half

Lesley Day; Brian Fildes; Ian Gordon; Michael Fitzharris; Harold Flamer; Stephen Lord; Victoria Melbourne; Australia Ian Gordon

2002-01-01

328

An Earthquake Invention  

Microsoft Academic Search

WHILE on a visit to the Melbourne Observatory I saw NATURE of July 2 containing two letters from Prof. Piazzi Smyth, intended to expose a piratical attempt on the part of a ``B.A. man'' to adopt an idea of Mr. David Stevenson with regard to the construction of houses to withstand earthquake motion. The publication of the first of these

John Milne

1885-01-01

329

An Institutional Approach to the Evaluation of Educational Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines an institutional approach that guides the evaluation of educational technology in the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences at the University of Melbourne (Victoria, Australia). Roles for an internal evaluator and educational technology practitioners are proposed, and a conceptual framework that guides the evaluation process…

Kennedy, Gregor E.

2003-01-01

330

A new type of machine control system to replace traditional CNC  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the rationale behind a new form of machine tool control system which has been developed at the Key Centre for Computer Integrated Manufacture (CIM Centre) in Melbourne Australia. The new control system is based upon standard computer hardware and is intended as a replacement for computer numerical control (CNC), which has severe limitations in the CIM environment.

Andrew M. Luscombe; Dario J. Toncich; William Thompson; Richard Dluzniak

1994-01-01

331

Clinical Trial of Induced Hypothermia in Comatose Survivors of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To examine the effects of moderate hypothermia (33° C), induced by surface cooling in the ED and maintained for 12 hours in the ICU, on patients with anoxic brain injury after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Methods: We conducted the study in a teaching hospital in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Participants were 22 adults who remained unconscious after return of spontaneous

Stephen A Bernard; Bruce Mac C Jones; Malcolm K Horne

1997-01-01

332

Integration of LCA, LCC, Water Balance and Water Cycle Modelling to Determine the Most Environmentally Sustainable Way of Providing Water and Sewage Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

What's better, centralised water and sewerage services, decentralised services, or a bit of both? This is the sort of question Yarra Valley Water (YVW) the largest of Melbourne's three retail water companies is currently grappling with as they focus their future planning efforts towards supplying new and existing dwellings with the most environmentally sustainable water and sewage services. This paper

Lisa Opray; Tim Grant

333

Young Children's Musical Explorations: The Potential of Using Learning Stories for Recording, Planning and Assessing Musical Experiences in a Preschool Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the early childhood years and describes research that has examined children's music experiences in formal care and education settings in Melbourne, Australia. This research uses a contextual view of children and their learning and is based on an assumption that learning is social, involves engagement with others and is…

Nyland, Berenice; Acker, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

334

Beneath and before: continuums of publicness in public art  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public monuments traditionally appear in high contrast to their landscapes, an effect that sets aesthetic, ideological and social distances. However, Manmale, counter-monuments, and counter-hegemonic monuments (eg the AIDS quilt, Rachael Whiteread's House, Melbourne's Another View Walking Trail, Tiananmen's Goddess of Democracy, or Maya Lin's Vietnam Memorial), challenge the norms of monuments in visuality, fixedness, and permanence, and suggest intricacies which

Adrienne L. Burk

2006-01-01

335

Associations between ? 18 O of Water and Climate Parameters in a Simulation of Atmospheric Circulation for 1979–95  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Melbourne University spectral atmospheric general circulation model is adapted to include prediction of stable water isotopes. The new scheme performs well when the modeled d 18O of precipitation is compared to both monthly observations from a global network and high-frequency measurements from two neighboring southern Australian sites. The associations between the modeled isotopic signal, temperature, and precipitation are examined

David Noone; I. Simmonds

2002-01-01

336

Intrathecal Baclofen Therapy: Benefits and Complications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Spasticity and dystonia in children with cerebral palsy has been treated with intrathecal baclofen therapy (ITB) at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia (RCH) since 1999. Methods: The records of children having received or still receiving ITB during the period September 1999 until August 2005 were studied to evaluate…

Zdolsek, Helena Aniansson; Olesch, Christine; Antolovich, Giuliana; Reddihough, Dinah

2011-01-01

337

Consumer knowledge and attitudes to salt intake and labelled salt information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to investigate consumers’ knowledge of health risks of high salt intake and frequency of use and understanding of labelled salt information. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in shopping centres within Metropolitan Melbourne. A sample of 493 subjects was recruited. The questionnaire assessed salt related shopping behaviours, attitudes to salt intake and health and their

Carley A. Grimes; Lynn J. Riddell; Caryl A. Nowson

2009-01-01

338

Propensities to engage in and punish corrupt behavior: Experimental evidence from Australia, India, Indonesia and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines cultural differences in individual decision-making in a corruption game. We define culture as an individual's accumulated experience, shaped by the social, institutional, and economic aspects of the environment in which the individual lives. Based on experiments run in Australia (Melbourne), India (Delhi), Indonesia (Jakarta) and Singapore, we find that there is a greater variation in the propensities

Lisa Cameron; Ananish Chaudhuri; Nisvan Erkal; Lata Gangadharana

2009-01-01

339

The Effectiveness of Reading Miscue Instruments. Program in Language and Literacy Occasional Paper No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated whether instructors need to undertake in-depth training in miscue analysis as reflected in the Reading Miscue Inventory (RMI) to carry out competent evaluations of children's reading ability, or whether training in the Reading Appraisal Guide (RAG) can be equally effective. The study was carried out at Melbourne College in…

Long, Patricia C.

340

Global Selves: Marginalised Young People and Aesthetic Reflexivity in Inhalant Drug Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociologists have observed that young people increasingly draw on global as well as local images in their constructions of individual selfhood. This article provides a narrative analysis of stories of inhalant use-induced hallucination, drawn from interviews conducted with young people in Melbourne, Australia. Young people's stories of the hallucinations they experience while using inhalants frequently reference the narratives, images and

Sarah MacLean

2007-01-01

341

National Assessment Program--ICT Literacy Years 6 & 10 Report, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's national educational goals place considerable importance on the place of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in education. The Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians of December 2008 asserted that "in this digital age young people need to be highly skilled in the use of ICT" (MCEETYA, 2008). This…

Ainley, John; Fraillon, Julian; Freeman, Chris

2010-01-01

342

Staff Support and Supervision in Residential Youth Justice: An Australian Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role for staff within the residential youth justice facility is an intense one, offering both reward and challenge. Post-traumatic stress related to serious episodes of violence and vicarious trauma relating to the abuse and neglect derived from the residents' personal narratives are common. In recent years a residential center in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia has experimented with provision of a

Patricia M. McNamara

2010-01-01

343

The solar events of August\\/September 1859 Surviving Australian observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian observations of geophysical phenomena related to the ``Carrington\\/Hodgson'' solar events of August\\/September 1859 are summarized. Bright aurora were seen at least as far north as Brisbane. Telegraph services were disrupted in more southern regions, the magnetometer at Melbourne was greatly disturbed, and newspapers of the day carried useful information. No information has yet been uncovered from the more northern

J. E. Humble

2006-01-01

344

Loves, Suffering and Identification: the Passions of Australian Football League Fans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The people of Melbourne are renowned for their ‘football fever’, yet this fever is under-studied. This paper addresses this fever by exploring the loves, suffering, and strange identifications of Australian Football League fans. Building on and complicating Freud's theories of group psychology, I argue that love, or rather two loves, are at the heart of the experience of being a

Matthew Klugman

2009-01-01

345

Self-Reported and Actual Use of Proactive and Reactive Classroom Management Strategies and Their Relationship with Teacher Stress and Student Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relationship between primary school teachers' self-reported and actual use of classroom management strategies, and examined how the use of proactive and reactive strategies is related to teacher stress and student behaviour. The total sample consisted of 97 teachers from primary schools within Melbourne. Teachers…

Clunies-Ross, Penny; Little, Emma; Kienhuis, Mandy

2008-01-01

346

Accessing Results from Research on Technology in Mathematics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In his recent article in this journal, John Gough (2004) concludes that the practical results of the considerable academic research undertaken at the University of Melbourne into the uses and impacts of graphics calculators and CAS (computer algebra systems) should be made more widely available in journals for teachers. This short article is…

Stacey, Kaye

2005-01-01

347

Using an ovarian monitor as an adjunct to natural family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need to identify a reliable ovulation predictor has received attention by the scientific community in recent years. For couples practicing natural family planning, a more precise identification of the fertile phase would be a welcome adjunct to their method. A home ovarian monitor invented by Professor J. B. Brown of Melbourne, Australia, enables couples to measure the principal metabolite

Carmela Cavero

1995-01-01

348

Pushing the envelope: clinical handover from the aged-care home to the emergency department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the use and usefulness of an aged-care home (ACH) transfer- to-hospital envelope (the Envelope) as a tool to support safe clinical handover when an ACH resident is transferred to an emergency department (ED). Design, setting and participants: Participants in the study were 26 ACHs (1545 beds), the EDs of six major metropolitan public teaching hospitals in Melbourne,

Mary K Belfrage; Clare Chiminello; Diana Cooper; Sally Douglas

2009-01-01

349

Music Therapy in Pediatric Palliative Care: Family-Centered Care to Enhance Quality of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into the value of music therapy in pediatric palliative care (PPC) has identified quality of life as one area of improvement for families caring for a child in the terminal stages of a life-threatening illness. This small-scale investigation collected data in a multisite, international study including Minnesota, USA, and Melbourne, Australia. An exploratory mixed method design used the qualitative

Kathryn J. Lindenfelser; Cherry Hense; Katrina McFerran

2012-01-01

350

The impact of a police crackdown on a street drug scene: evidence from the street  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article documents the impact of a police crackdown on a street heroin market in a suburb of Melbourne, Australia, as perceived by individuals involved in the market. While our data suggest that ‘Operation Clean Heart’ achieved its objective of reducing the visible aspects of this street drug scene, they also imply that the drug market rapidly adapted to its

Campbell Aitken; David Moore; Peter Higgs; Jenny Kelsall; Michael Kerger

2002-01-01

351

Capital building through gym work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research employed Pierre Bourdieu’s model of capital accumulation to frame the benefits conferred by gym use. Thirteen participants from four gyms in Melbourne, Australia, were purposefully selected for in-depth interviews, where detailed case histories were solicited, and data were analysed using a narrative coding model. Results indicated that the two most highly valued forms of capital were bodily capital

Bob Stewart; Aaron Smith; Brian Moroney

2012-01-01

352

Long-term functional results after perineal surgery for low anorectal anomalies  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a long-term follow-up review of anorectal anomalies treated at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, we examined 70 patients with translevator (low) anomalies treated by a perineal operation and assessed their anorectal function by four clinical scoring methods (Kelly, Templeton, Kiesewetter, and Wingspread). The results were compared qualitatively after conversion into three categories: “good”; “fair”; and “poor”. Over

Nai-Theow Ong; Spencer W. Beasley

1990-01-01

353

Developing Effective Teachers of Mathematics: Factors Contributing to Development in Mathematics Education for Primary School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to issues of developing effective teach ers of mathematics, this paper investigates the factors, which have contributed to growth related to mathematics teaching and learning for a group of Melbourne primary school teachers. The teachers were surveyed to determine the people or events that had contribu ted to their development. Major themes identified in the data were the

Jean Carroll

354

The Common First Year Programme: Some Lessons from a Construction Science Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2005, the School of Property, Construction and Project Management at RMIT University, Melbourne, introduced a new curriculum format for all first year students. All students enrolling in one of the four undergraduate degrees offered by the school commenced a common first year programme. This new curriculum was adopted to provide students with…

McLaughlin, Patricia; Simpson, Nicholas

2007-01-01

355

Reisisting the Siren Call of Empire? Kelly Country during the Boer War and the First World War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the Kelly Outbreak may have ended with the execution of Ned Kelly in the Old Melbourne Jail in 1880, its legacy lingered on-both in the 'Kelly Country' of North Eastern Victoria and in the wider public imagination, There is little doubt that outsiders tended to regard the Irish-Australian families living in the core of Kelly Country as not only

J. McQuilton

2007-01-01

356

Performance Related Pay in Australian Universities: The Case of Swinburne University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance related pay is not common in Australian universities. A number of Australian universities have begun to show interest in implementing more individualised pay arrangements. Swinburne University of Technology, in Melbourne, has chosen, contrary to the wishes of many of its staff, to be a path-breaker and has introduced a performance…

Harkness, Peter; Schier, Mark

2011-01-01

357

Expert insight into Pope's 'thoughts' launched at Notre Dame  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Centre for Faith Ethics and Society hosted the launch of a new book last week, Benedict XVI: a Guide for the Perplexed, which explains and synthesizes the theology of the current Pope.The author, Dr Tracey Rowland, is the Dean of the John Paul II Institute for Marriage and Family in Melbourne and an Adjunct

Moira Saunders

2010-01-01

358

‘Official’ discourses of race and racism: inclusion, intent and inversion mediated within journalistic communiqués vis-à-vis the Australian indigenous athlete  

Microsoft Academic Search

In May 2008, I wrote to the editor of a Melbourne newspaper pointing out that an article discussing differences between two superstars of the Australian Football League (AFL), one white (team oriented) and the other black (self oriented), conformed to racial dualism of intellect and instinct. My inquiry regarding the rejection of my letter began a process of correspondence which

Stella Coram

2011-01-01

359

The Genetic Basis of Metal Hyperaccumulation in Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Referee: Professor Alan J.M. Baker, School of Botany, The University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia A relatively small yet diverse group of plants are capable of sequestering metals in their shoot tissues at remarkably high concentrations that would be toxic to most organisms. This process, known as metal hyperaccumulation, is of interest for several reasons, including its relevance to the

A. Joseph Pollard; Keri Dandridge Powell; Frances A. Harper; J. Andrew C. Smith; C. Smith

2002-01-01

360

Risk and new exclusions in community mental health practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades, mental health practice has become increasingly focused on assessing and managing the risks posed by service users. British researchers have made significant advances in studying the consequences of risk management for community-based health and welfare services, but in Australia this field remains largely undeveloped. Drawing on my experiences as a social worker in a Melbourne-based

Anne-Maree Sawyer

2008-01-01

361

Mechanisms of microwave irradiation involved in the destruction of fecal coliforms from biosolids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microwaves have been found to be effective in destructing pathogens in sewage sludge (biosolids) (75th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, Chicago, September 29–October 2, 2002; Third World Water Congress, International Water Association, Melbourne, Australia, April 7–12, 2002). Mechanisms and roles of microwaves on fecal coliform destruction were investigated using bacterial viability tests, electron transport system (ETS) and ?-galactosidase activity assays,

Seung M Hong; Jae K Park; Y. O Lee

2004-01-01

362

The Manifest and Latent Functions of Legal Aid  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way in which legal aid services are provided can make a difference in the quality of that service. This paper argues that the fee-for-service model, which is profitable for lawyers, has considerable drawbacks for juvenile clients. By way of contrast, the Children's Court in Melbourne, Australia, illustrates how young, poorly paid lawyers can become skilled and effective in juvenile

Jim Hackler

1992-01-01

363

Creative Pedagogies: "Art-Full" Reading and Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on a small-scale research inquiry, designed to support teachers in a Melbourne primary school to bring together the arts, reading and writing in their classrooms in ways that create possibilities for "art-full" teaching and learning. The principal, concerned by underperformance on State literacy tests of the school's largely…

Grant, Audrey; Hutchinson, Kirsten; Hornsby, David; Brooke, Sarah

2008-01-01

364

The change of life, the sorrow of life: Menopause, bad blood and cancer among Italian-Australian working class women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the discourse of menopause, health and illness among 20 middle aged Italo-Australian working class women living in Melbourne. Using the methods of interpretative anthropology and the perspectives of critical feminist theory, I argue that women's discourse about health and illness is one way in which they express feelings of loss over the fertility of their youth, ambivalences

Sandra M. Gifford

1994-01-01

365

Short reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Margaret A. Gibson, ACCOMMODATION WITHOUT ASSIMILATION: SIKH IMMIGRANTS IN AN AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL, Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1988, xii + 244pp.Brian M. Bullivant, GETTING A FAIR GO: CASE STUDIES OF OCCUPATIONAL SOCIALIZATION AND PERCEPTIONS OF DISCRIMINATION IN A SAMPLE OF SEVEN MELBOURNE HIGH SCHOOLS, Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service, Human Rights Commission, Occasional Paper 13, 1986.William D. Piersen,

Michael Banton; Lois E. Horton; Robert Clark; Beulah Ainley; Michael Levin; Nadine Brummer

1988-01-01

366

Australian Adult Consumers' Beliefs about Plant Foods: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploratory qualitative study examined consumers' perceived barriers and benefits of plant food (fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, nuts, seeds) consumption and views on the promotion of these foods. Ten focus groups were conducted in Melbourne, Australia. Groups consisted of employees of various workplaces, community group members,…

Lea, Emma; Worsley, Anthony; Crawford, David

2005-01-01

367

City Beats: A Creative Community Partnership Initiative at ArtPlay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The City of Melbourne's ArtPlay is open to children and young people aged 3-13 years, and provides a wide range of artist-led programs that serve a broad community within and outside the municipality. Its sister facility, Signal, caters for young people 13-22 years. An Australia Council of the Arts funded Creative Community Partnership Initiative,…

Jeanneret, Neryl; Brown, Robert

2012-01-01

368

Global flows as gendered cultural pedagogies: learning gangsta in the ‘Durty South’  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article theorizes empirical data from an ethnographic project conducted in and around the economically disadvantaged suburb of Noble Park in southeast suburban Melbourne (Victoria, Australia). Exploring the politics around gendered identities of young people involved in the research, particularly Australian-Sudanese men, the authors theorize global flows of ‘gangsta culture’ as gendered cultural pedagogies that are (re)produced by young men

Glenn C. Savage; Anna Hickey-Moody

2010-01-01

369

Adventures in Evaluation: Reviewing a CD-ROM Based Adventure Game Designed for Young People Recovering from Psychosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently the Centre for Program Evaluation (CPE) at the University of Melbourne was approached by a mental health agency to undertake the unique and challenging task of evaluating a prototype CD-ROM based adventure game designed for young people recovering from psychosis. This unusual and inventive game, titled Pogo's Pledge, used "edutainment"…

Shrimpton, Bradley; Hurworth, Rosalind

2005-01-01

370

The Contribution of Stress Level, Coping Styles and Personality Traits to International Students' Academic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate how stress level, coping styles and personality traits contribute to international students' academic performance. Participants comprised of 100 international students across undergraduate and postgraduate levels from universities in Melbourne, Australia. Participants were aged 18 to 40 years old. Using a single sample survey design, all 100 participants completed a background information sheet,

Tryphena Jacqueline Tan; Cecelia Winkelman

371

Community benefits of major sport facilities: The Darebin International Sports Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community benefit is a term used frequently in an Australian government context to justify the construction of sport facilities that require initial and ongoing financial support from the community. The purpose of this research is to investigate the community benefit derived from the development of a new sport facility, in this case the Darebin International Sports Centre (DISC), Melbourne, Australia

Jackie Grieve; Emma Sherry

2012-01-01

372

When Traditions Become Innovations and Innovations Become Traditions in Everyday Food Pedagogies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the way learning to cook remains important for the maintenance of "ethnic" food traditions and how sharing food knowledge plays a role in intercultural exchanges. Ethnographic data from an ongoing study in Melbourne is presented to highlight how, in everyday practices, both tradition and innovation are involved in learning…

Benny, Helen

2012-01-01

373

A comparison of field-only electronic portal imaging hard copies with double exposure port films in radiation therapy treatment setup confirmation to determine its clinical application in a radiotherapy center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To determine in which treatment sites field-only hard copy electronic portal images (EPI) captured during a treatment exposure could replace traditional double exposed port films in a busy radiation oncology department.Methods and Materials: The three linear accelerators in the William Buckland Radiotherapy Centre (WBRC) at the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne are each equipped with an electronic portal imaging device

Kay Hatherly; Josephine Smylie; Alan Rodger

1999-01-01

374

SMS text messaging improves outpatient attendance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the operational and financial efficacy of sending short message serv- ice (SMS) text message reminders to the mobile telephones of patients with scheduled outpatient clinic appointments. Design: Cohort study with historical control. Setting: Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria. Patients: Patients who gave a mobile telephone contact number and were scheduled to attend an outpatient clinic at the

Sean R Downer; John G Meara; Annette C Da Costa; Kannan Sethuraman

2006-01-01

375

Problem-based learning: an educational strategy to support nurses working in a multicultural community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical dislocation of people from their homelands either as refugees, immigrants or exiles has resulted in the creation of multicultural communities which have diverse health needs. Like elsewhere, nurses in Australia have been faced with the challenge of responding to an ever-changing migrant population. A modified problem-based learning project was conducted in Melbourne to assist nurses to enhance their practice

Jeanine Blackford

1999-01-01

376

“A Twist in the Tale” of a Surgeon and his Patient: An Australian First in Seizure Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1894 at St. Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, George Adlington Syme removed a meningioma from a patient with symptomatic focal epilepsy. The operation stands as the first surgery based on seizure localization in Australia. It is also the country's first documented successful resection of an intracranial meningioma. It followed William Macewen's landmark cerebral localization case on the boy John McKinley by

Chris Plummer; Ivo D. Vellar; Michael A. Murphy; Mark J. Cook

2008-01-01

377

Is sponsorship retention dependent on the geographic location of the sports facility?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested the hypothesis that 'revenue maximization of the tenants of sports facilities is dependent on the geographical location of the facility (location of distribution)'. Revenue maximization was operationalized pertaining to sponsorship. A survey instrument was sent to all sponsors of a Melbourne-based football club. The sponsors were grouped as location dependent and location independent based on the location

Hans M. Westerbeek

2000-01-01

378

Safety climate in conditions of construction subcontracting: a multi?level analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multi?level safety climate model was tested in the Australian construction industry. Subcontracted workers’ perceptions of the organizational safety response (OSR) and supervisor safety response (SSR) in their own organization and that of the principal contractor were measured using a safety climate survey administered at a large hospital construction project in Melbourne. One hundred and fourteen construction workers completed the

Helen Clare Lingard; Tracy Cooke; Nick Blismas

2010-01-01

379

"Every Family": A Population Approach to Reducing Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Children Making the Transition to School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A large-scale population trial using the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program (TPS) was evaluated. The target population was all parents of 4- to 7-year-old children residing in ten geographical catchment areas in Brisbane (intervention communities) and ten sociodemographically matched catchment areas from Sydney (5) and Melbourne (5), care as…

Sanders, Matthew R.; Ralph, Alan; Sofronoff, Kate; Gardiner, Paul; Thompson, Rachel; Dwyer, Sarah; Bidwell, Kerry

2008-01-01

380

Dog Ownership, Dog Walking, and Children's and Parents' Physical Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aimed to determine cross-sectional associations of dog ownership, dog walking, and physical activity (PA) among children and their parents. Objective measures of PA were obtained for children ages 5-6 and 10-12 years from 19 primary schools across Melbourne, Australia. Parents self-reported their PA, dog ownership, and frequency of dog…

Salmon, Jo; Timperio, Anna; Chu, Binh; Veitch, Jenny

2010-01-01

381

Port-Oriented Landside Logistics in Australian Ports: A Strategic Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even the most cursory examination of port-oriented, landside freight systems suggests at best partial policy frameworks and at worst a serious policy vacuum. In Australia – and certainly at the ports of Melbourne and Sydney – port-adjacent and inner-city gridlock is driving the mantra of ‘more containers on rail’. This paper cautions against defining policy and strategy for landside logistics

Ross Robinson

2006-01-01

382

Students' Attitudes toward Introductory Physics Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem examined in this study deals with students' attitude toward physics among the freshmen and sophomore students who were taking first introductory physics course. In the study there were 176 students, and they were chosen sample of convenience from Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida. 125 subjects were male students, and…

Demirci, Neset

2004-01-01

383

Studies of the planetary atmospheres in Russia (2007-2010)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An overview of results obtained in the field of planetary atmosphere studies in Russia in 2007-2010 prepared by the Commission on Planetary Atmospheres of the National Geophysical Committee for the National Report on Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences to the XXV General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (Melbourne, 28 June-7 July 2011) [1, 2] is presented.

Korablev, O. I.; Zasova, L. V.; Fedorova, A. A.; Titov, D. V.; Ignatiev, N. I.; Rodin, A. V.; Shematovich, V. I.; Belyaev, D. A.; Khatuntsev, I. V.; Izakov, M. N.; Shakun, A. V.; Burlakov, A. V.; Mayorov, B. S.

2012-05-01

384

Early Childhood Inclusion: A Silver Lining in the Dark Clouds for African Immigrant Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents preliminary findings of an ongoing study that attempts to gauge the level of access to and support for early childhood education and care programs for sub Saharan African immigrant families living in Melbourne Australia. Using the Australian Early Years Learning Framework as a guide, we explored 30 parents' perception of…

Agbenyega, Joseph; Peers, Chris

2010-01-01

385

In the shadow of the city: the fringe around the Australian metropolis in the 1950s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metropolitan plans were prepared in Australia from 1948 to 1962 for four of its five biggest cities - the state capitals of Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Adelaide. They contain the first analyses and proposals for their rural-urban fringes. The earliest, that for Sydney, is the most visionary and radical and defined a Green Belt to contain and shape a slowly

Raymond Bunker

2002-01-01

386

A Comparison of Academic Stress Among Australian and International Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is based on previous research from Misra and Castillo (2004). It looks at the differences between the levels of academic stress in Australian and international students living in an international dorm in Melbourne, Australia. 85 students from 21 countries were surveyed using Gadzella's Student-Life Stress Inventory (1994). The results indicated that overall there was no significant difference between

Rachel DeDeyn

387

Environmental Influence on Language Acquisition: Comparing Second and Foreign Language Acquisition of Swedish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the influence of the learning environment on the second language acquisition of Swedish. Data were collected longitudinally over 1 year from 35 university students studying Swedish in Malmo, Sweden, and in Melbourne, Australia. Three areas were investigated: grammar, pragmatics, and lexicon. The development of grammar was…

Hakansson, Gisela; Norrby, Catrin

2010-01-01

388

Crossing Borders: Evaluating a Work Integrated Learning Project Involving Australian and Vietnamese Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The value of work integrated learning (WIL) is well-established in the education of information management (IM) professionals. Adding value to WIL through cross-cultural or cross-disciplinary experiences is considered in this article. Using online communication, simulation activities, and onsite work, students from RMIT Melbourne and RMIT Ho Chi…

Welch, Bernadette; Vo-Tran, Huan; Pittayachawan, Siddhi; Reynolds, Sue

2012-01-01

389

‘Working out’ for two: performances of ‘fitness’ and femininity in Australian prenatal aerobics classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I consider the distinctly classed places\\/spaces in which affluent Australian pregnant women physically maintain their bodies through aerobics. The case study described is drawn from data obtained between 2006 and 2008 in a longitudinal study examining feelings about body image and ‘fatness’ in a sample of pregnant women in Melbourne, Australia. The ways in which pregnant bodies

Meredith Nash

2011-01-01

390

‘Working out’ for two: performances of ‘fitness’ and femininity in Australian prenatal aerobics classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I consider the distinctly classed places\\/spaces in which affluent Australian pregnant women physically maintain their bodies through aerobics. The case study described is drawn from data obtained between 2006 and 2008 in a longitudinal study examining feelings about body image and ‘fatness’ in a sample of pregnant women in Melbourne, Australia. The ways in which pregnant bodies

Meredith Nash

2012-01-01

391

Use of pedometers in a workplace physical activity program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hot steppers is a pedometer-walking program developed for staff at caulfield General Medical centre (cGMc) in Melbourne, following a felt need expressed by staff that a physical activity program was required within the workplace. participants were asked to complete a questionnaire adapted from the active australia survey at an introductory session. they were then asked to record the number of

Dip Tchg

392

Fecal colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci in Australia.  

PubMed Central

To assess the rate of fecal vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) colon ization in Austalia, we examined specimens from 1,085 healthy volunteers. VRE was cultured from 2(0.2%) of 1,085 specimens; both were vanB Enter ococcus faecium, identical by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, but with a pattern rare in Melbourne hospitals.

Padiglione, A. A.; Grabsch, E. A.; Olden, D.; Hellard, M.; Sinclair, M. I.; Fairley, C. K.; Grayson, M. L.

2000-01-01

393

Executive functions in recently postmenopausal women: Absence of strong association with serum gonadal steroids  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is controversial to what extent endogenous gonadal hormone exposures influence executive functions in midlife women. Participants in the population-based Melbourne Women's Midlife Health Project were administered a battery of neuropsychological tests on two occasions 2 years apart. Tests of executive functions were the Trail Making Test (Part B), Tower of London (administered at baseline only), Symbol Digit Modalities Test,

Joanne Ryan; Frank Z. Stanczyk; Lorraine Dennerstein; Wendy J. Mack; Margaret S. Clark; Cassandra Szoeke; Victor W. Henderson

2011-01-01

394

Social Identity as a Motivator in Cultural Festivals  

Microsoft Academic Search

As museums continue to broaden their offers and attract increasingly diverse audiences, it becomes ever more important to understand how motivations for visitation can vary between different cultural groups. This article explores some of the reasons people visit cultural festivals at the Immigration Museum in Melbourne, Australia, combining data from 5 different festivals with a total sample of 414. The

Alexa Reynolds Delbosc

2008-01-01

395

Australian identity, the press and major international sporting events : a study of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games held in Australia since 1956  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores links between perceptions of Australian identity and the national press reporting of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games staged in Australia: the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games, the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, the 1982 Brisbane Commonwealth Games, and the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. When Australia plays host to the world or Commonwcalth of Nations it is

Rachel Payne

2007-01-01

396

Flexible Models for Learning English Are Needed for Refugee Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The importance of English language acquisition for resettlement of refugees is well established, particularly as a pathway to education, employment, health and social connections. A qualitative study was conducted in 2011 in Melbourne, Australia utilising focus groups with 87 refugee background women from Karen, Iraqi, Assyrian Chaldean,…

Riggs, Elisha; Block, Karen; Gibbs, Lisa; Davis, Elise; Szwarc, Josef; Casey, Sue; Duell-Piening, Philippa; Waters, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

397

Living in Two Worlds: Code-Switching amongst Bilingual Chinese-Australian Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on an analysis of interviews, conducted at three primary schools in Melbourne, which sought to explore the determinants of code-switching between English and Chinese. Specifically, it examined school education and other specific possible determinants of code switching amongst Chinese-Australian bilingual children. The specific…

Zheng, Lin

2009-01-01

398

STUDENT ONE-TO-ONE ASSESSMENT INTERVIEWS IN MATHEMATICS: A POWERFUL TOOL FOR TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we outline what we see as the benefits to teachers of the use of task- based, one-to-one assessment interviews with students of early and middle yearsmathematics. We draw upon data from the Victorian Early Numeracy Research Project, our recent work in the domain of rational numbers, and examples from interviews with students in USA and Melbourne. Such

Doug Clarke; Annie Mitchell; Anne Roche

399

Peer Reviewing Preservice Teachers of Christian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the contributions peer review makes to the formation of preservice teachers of religious education within the context of Christian higher education. The participants were postgraduate students undertaking a preservice teacher training course at Australian Catholic University, Australia (Melbourne campus). Those training to…

Buchanan, Michael T.

2011-01-01

400

Vocational Services within a Large Multipurpose Agency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The history of services offered by the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind in Melbourne, Australia, is traced. Features of institute services include client involvement in vocational decision making, a variety of segregated and integrated services, and maintenance of a Tertiary Resource Service which produces study material for novel areas of…

Davidson, T.

1990-01-01

401

Sales or lost sales? An insight into the marketing barriers affecting frontline employees' satisfaction and attitudinal commitment in a fashion retail outlet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some of the findings from exploratory research that provided an insight into the marketing barriers affecting frontline employees' satisfaction and attitudinal commitment in the context of a fashion retail outlet in Melbourne. Frontline employees represent the 'face' of an organisation (Hoffman and Bateson 1997) and they play a key role in satisfying customers' expectations, and thus in

Judy Rex; Vicky Kalimnios

402

RMIT Vietnam and Vietnam's Development: Risk and Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help bridge the gap between demand and supply for tertiary education, Vietnam has opened to direct, foreign providers, and the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) International University Vietnam is the first of this category. By sponsoring a large project in a country that some see as risky, RMIT Vietnam needs to be triply viable.…

Wilmoth, David

2004-01-01

403

11 International Conference on Radiation Physics (ISRP-11)  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Radiation Physics” covers a very broad spectrum of research. It certainly includes everything done with synchrotron radiation but extends far beyond that. Thus this conference, which attracted nearly 200 participants from all over the world to the University of Melbourne (Australia) on September 20–25, 2009, not only embraced synchrotron radiation's close family relatives, such as neutron scattering studies, but also

Malcolm Cooper; Dudley Creagh

2010-01-01

404

Using building adaptation to deliver sustainability in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to establish the rationale for existing office building adaptation within Melbourne, Australia, as the city strives to become carbon neutral by 2020. The problems faced by policy makers to determine which buildings have the optimum adaptation potential are to be identified and discussed. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This research adopts the approach of creating a database of

Sara J. Wilkinson; Kimberley James; Richard Reed

2009-01-01

405

Festivals, Space and Sexuality: Gay Pride in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the emergence of gay pride festivals in Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide, in the wake of the emergence and consolidation of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras as one of the pre-eminent international tourism festivals staged in Australia. We argue that to understand the crucial role gay pride festivals play in processes of social change surrounding

Kevin Markwell; Gordon Waitt

2009-01-01

406

Changes over time among homeless young people in drug dependency, mental illness and their co-morbidity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-national survey was conducted among 358 recently homeless young people in Melbourne and Los Angeles. Drug dependence and mental illness were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months. At each time point, participants were classified as no condition, drug dependent, having a mental illness or dual condition. Low levels of drug dependence or mental illness or both were reported

Doreen Rosenthal; Shelley Mallett; Lyle Gurrin; Norweeta Milburn; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus

2007-01-01

407

Late-term abortion: what can be learned from Royal Women's Hospital v Medical Practitioners Board of Victoria?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001, the Medical Practitioners Board of Victoria received a complaint from an Australian Government Senator regarding a late-term abortion carried out in February 2000 at the Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne. • Five years later, the complaint of professional misconduct was finally dismissed by the Board as being frivolous and vexatious. • The action highlights a number of deficiencies in

Paul Gerber

408

Consumers' health perceptions of three types of milk: a survey in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was conducted among 345 randomly selected shoppers in Melbourne, Australia, to identify their perceptions of the healthiness of whole milk, reduced fat milk and soy milk and to investigate demographic influences on health perceptions and types of milk consumption.The survey revealed major differences in shoppers' perceptions of the three types of milk along the themes of bone health,

A. E. M. Bus; A. Worsley

2003-01-01

409

Driving, drug use behaviour and risk perceptions of nightclub attendees in Victoria, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimIn anticipation of the introduction of roadside saliva testing in Victoria for recent THC and methylamphetamine use, this study examined the prevalence of illicit drug use among nightclub attendees in Melbourne, Victoria; their transport methods; and their drug use and driving histories.

Louisa Degenhardt; Paul Dillon; Cameron Duff; Joanne Ross

2006-01-01

410

BEING FEMALE: THE PORTRAYAL OF WOMEN'S HEALTH IN PRINT MEDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we examine the portrayal of women's health issues in two of Melbourne's print media: The Age and the Herald Sun . In particular, we aim to examine the patterns of coverage of women's health and the underlying message in articles on women's health issues. We employed an unobtrusive method, and the study was conducted over a three-month

Jo Shugg; Pranee Liamputtong

2002-01-01

411

Twentieth century toxinology and antivenom development in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was not until the last decade of the 19th century that an experimental approach (led by Bancroft in Queensland and Martin in Sydney and Melbourne) brought a higher plane of scientific objectivity to usher in the modern era of Australian toxinology. This Australia era, 1895–1905, coincided with and in some respects was the result of the new knowledge emerging

Kenneth D. Winkel; Peter Mirtschin; John Pearn

2006-01-01

412

University students and the ‘creative city’  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade, city governments throughout the world have pursued various prescriptions for a ‘creative city’ with varying degrees of success. In Melbourne, strategies have included a revitalised arts policy, liberalisation of liquor laws, an increase in ‘al fresco’ dining and the encouragement of celebrity architects in the design and development of new buildings and precincts. Although Richard Florida’s

Kate Shaw; Ruth Fincher

2010-01-01

413

Head injuries and bicycle helmet laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first year of the mandatory bicycle helmet laws in Australia saw increased helmet wearing from 31% to 75% of cyclists in Victoria and from 31% of children and 26% of adults in New South Wales (NSW) to 76% and 85%. However, the two major surveys using matched before and after samples in Melbourne (Finch et al. 1993; Report No.

D. L. Robinson

1996-01-01

414

Some performance characteristics of the UNIMELB air source solar boosted heat pump system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Melbourne Solar Boosted Heat Pump combines solar technology and heat pump technology in a single flat plate evaporator heat pump unit using Freon 12 as the working fluid. By collecting the solar energy incident on the unit at high effectiveness as the evaporator collector plate operates just above or below ambient temperature and adding this to the

W. W. S. Charters; C. W. Dixon

1979-01-01

415

What Can We Learn from the Marketing of Independent Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Melbourne (Australia) independent schools often advertize their high academic standards, quality curriculum, and competent and caring teaching staff. American public schools should highlight their own strengths by aggressively marketing their college-bound to vocational curricula, their expert and caring faculty, and their disciplined environment.…

Tauber, Robert T.

1995-01-01

416

The Babushka Project: Mediating between the Margins and Wider Community through Public Art Creation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the theoretical and social contexts of a community art project that took place at a public housing estate located in Melbourne, Australia. The art intervention was aimed at increasing the residents' health and well-being through the empowerment of their own cultural creations. Three sculptures in the form of giant babushka…

Gray, Bronwen Lucie

2012-01-01

417

By Accident or Design? The Origins of the Victorian School of Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1935, the then Minister of Public Instruction established the delivery of two foreign languages under the title of a special experiment taught at Mac.Robertson Girls' High School in Melbourne. This was the first step in the creation of what is known today as the Victorian School of Languages (VSL). It was at the time the small, seemingly…

Mascitelli, Bruno; Merlino, Frank

2011-01-01

418

Address Pronouns in French: Variation within and outside the Workplace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines speakers' perceptions of and attitudes towards address pronoun usage in Paris and Toulouse. The data on which this article is based come from a comparative project based at the University of Melbourne, "Address in some western European languages, and were generated in focus groups in both Paris and Toulouse, as well as…

Warren, Jane

2006-01-01

419

Reviews and notices  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE GEOMORPHOLOGY OF THE GREAT BARRIER REEF, QUATERNARY DEVELOPMENT OF CORAL REEFS by David Hopley. xiv and 453 pages, plates, text figures, tables. Wiley ?? New York 1982 (ISBN 0 471 04562 4) $A95.95ATLAS OF VICTORIA edited by J. S. Duncan. 30 by 41 cm, xv and 239 pages, text figures, tables, plates. Victorian Government ?? Melbourne 1982 (ISBN 0

B. G. Thom; David Wadley; Joan Vipond; Clive Forster; I. H. Burnley; Peter S. Valentine; Eric Woolmington; Dennis Rumley; Barry J. Garner; Michael Poulsen; M. I. Logan; Larry Sternstein; Tony Sorensen; Bob Fagan; Morgan Sant; Peter Williams; D. J. Webb; John McQuilton; M. G. A. Wilson; D. N. Jeans; Andris Auliciems; C. R. Twidale; R. J. Wasson; Diana G. Day; David Hooson

1983-01-01

420

Factors in Youth Physical Activity Participation: From Psychological Aspects toEnvironmental Correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding influences on children's physical activity and how these vary by activity and subgroup, such as age and sex of the child, is important for informing the development of effective and targeted interventions. Two cohort studies were conducted across socioeconomic areas of Melbourne, Australia, between 2001 and 2008 among a combined sample of more than 2,700 children aged 5–6 years

Jo Salmon

2010-01-01

421

central ethics committee  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a syn. Lead Ethics Committee; ethics committee reviewing a protocol for different institutions, e.g. in a multicentre or multinational trial; in the EU the vote of one EC per country is (legally)\\u000a sufficient, frequently however, the formal approval by the ethics committee of each participating hospital is requested in\\u000a addition; in other countries, e.g. France, approval by one central e.c. is

Gerhard Nahler

422

Lesson Plan Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lesson Plan Central -- a free lesson plans, WebQuests, worksheets, student link and clipart Web site -- has a great collection of science specific links. Categorized by subject and grade level, the listed sites are are briefly described, and any new site is labeled as such. Links to just the new, cool, and clipart sites are also provided. This collection is a great way for kids and educators to find new teaching and learning aids.

2008-09-16

423

FNAL central email systems  

SciTech Connect

The FNAL Email System is the primary point of entry for email destined for an employee or user at Fermilab. This centrally supported system is designed for reliability and availability. It uses multiple layers of protection to help ensure that: (1) SPAM messages are tagged properly; (2) All mail is inspected for viruses; and (3) Valid mail gets delivered. This system employs numerous redundant subsystems to accomplish these tasks.

Schmidt, Jack; Lilianstrom, Al; Pasetes, Ray; Hill, Kevin; /Fermilab

2004-10-01

424

Central Internet Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Energy maintains the Central Internet Database Web site. Here users can generate and print reports containing nationwide data on radioactive waste, contaminated media, and spent nuclear fuel. Ready to read reports are also available including Actual and Projected Waste/Material Volumes, Waste/Material Characteristic Data (contaminants/isotopes/radioactivity), and Treatment, Storage and Disposal (TSD) Systems. The site currently contains fifty nine standard and fourteen ready to read reports

425

33. CENTRAL HEIGHT OF CENTRAL PAVILION IN EAST FACADEINCLINED, FRONTAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. CENTRAL HEIGHT OF CENTRAL PAVILION IN EAST FACADE--INCLINED, FRONTAL Copy photograph of photogrammetric plate LC-HABS-FS13-B-1974-832L. - St. Mary's Seminary, 600 North Paca Street, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

426

Central nervous system lipomas.  

PubMed

The lipomas of the central nervous system are rare lesions of congenital origin and are located in the medial line and especially in corpus callosum. Intramedullary spinal lipomas can be seen in the life span of 30 years of age and most frequently coincide with initial puberty period. Magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography together with clinical trials are of crucial importance for diagnosis. The first case: A two-year-aged girl who had lipoma in quadrigeminal cistern and who suffered from encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis has been clinically studied. The fascial lipoma of the patient has been excised subtotally by the Plastic Surgeons; then the patient has underwent supracerebellar infratentorial operation where the intracranial lipoma has been excised by our team. The histopathology has been reported to be consisting of peripheric nerve tissue and calcification. The second case: A twenty-year-aged man with intramedullary lipoma localized between T1-T4 has been given our clinical trials. T1-T5 total laminectomy and subtotal excision were made for this patient. Due to the fact that the lipomas of central nervous system are rarely seen and are involved in nervous and calcific tissues except for fatty tissues they can be mistaken for hamartomatous masses. The total excision of the lipomas of central nervous system and especially the spinal intramedullary lipomas are quite difficult to be excised since they are tightly entangled with the neural tissue. So any attempt for total excision would be dangerous. Operation for decompression and biopsy is of primary concern. PMID:12597248

Kiymaz, Nejmi; Cirak, Bayram

2002-11-01

427

Central American electrical interconnection  

SciTech Connect

A technical cooperation grant of $2.25 million, designed to strengthen the capacity of Central American countries to operate their regional interconnected electrical system, was announced by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). The grant, extended from the banks Fund for Special Operations, will help improve the capacity of the regions electric power companies to achieve economical, safe operation of the interconnected electric power systems. The funds will also be used to finance regional studies of the accords, procedures, regulations, and supervisory mechanisms for the system, as well as program development and data bases.

Not Available

1988-12-01

428

Central American resource studies  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working with five Central American countries to assist in the development of their energy and mineral resources. Since 1985, mineral resources in Costa Rica, peat resources in Costa Rica and Panama, geothermal energy resources in Honduras and Guatemala, and geothermal field development in El Salvador and Costa Rica have been topics of study. This paper presents an overview of this work -- within these proceedings are papers that deal with specific aspects of each topic, and these will be duly noted. 15 refs., 4 figs.

Van Eeckhout, E.; Laughlin, A.W.

1989-01-01

429

Central receiver technology  

SciTech Connect

The research and development described in this document was conducted within the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Thermal Technology Program. The goal of this program is to advance the engineering and scientific understanding of solar thermal technology and to establish the technology base from which private industry can develop solar thermal power production options for introduction into the competitive energy market. This report describes central receiver technology: its accomplishments to date, its current technology status, and the efforts still necessary to fully exploit it.

Holl, R.L. (HGH Entperises, Inc. (USA))

1989-09-01

430

Centralized maintenance procedures  

SciTech Connect

In 1989, shortly after Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) assumed maintenance responsibilities for the Hanford site, a Department of Energy (DOE) maintenance audit found that field (working level) maintenance procedures and procedure practices of the facilities scattered across Hanford`s 560 square miles varied as greatly as the locations of those facilities. In some of the audited facilities there were few or no procedures; in others, procedures conflicted with or were redundant to procedures at other facilities. This document presents current efforts to centralize maintenance procedures.

Barber, J.R.

1994-02-01

431

Precommitment by central bank independence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper addresses the issue of central bank independence. The central argument is that government can precommit to the objective of price stability by providing a constitutional status of independence to the central bank. A sufficient set of institutional elements and the problem of incentive compatibility are discussed. It is argued that the solution is superior to a constitutional money

Manfred J. M. Neumann

1991-01-01

432

Central Receiver Plant Evaluation:  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of the evaluation work carried out at Ecole Centrale on central receiver plants. THEMIS system peformance is evaluated with emphasis given to energy production. The daily energy production is established on the basis of both plant modelization and actual plant production results. This analysis is performed at different levels of the system: receiver output, salt loop output, turbine-generator output and net plant output. In each case an input-output characteristic curve is established, considering the daily direct normal solar radiation as the input of the system. This input is defined for a given site by a meteo distribution, i.e. a yearly distribution of the daily direct normal solar radiation. The yearly plant production is then deduced by adding over the year the daily production calculated by combining the input-output characteristics with the meteo distribution of the considered site. Using this method, the energy production of THEMIS is estimated, assuming different meteorological conditions. The influence of the meteorological conditions and other parameters, on the plant output is finally discussed. 15 refs., 61 figs., 41 tabs.

Amri, A.; Izygon, M.; Tedjiza, B.

1988-02-01

433

Central pit craters on Ganymede  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Central pit craters are common on Mars, Ganymede and Callisto, and thus are generally believed to require target volatiles in their formation. The purpose of this study is to identify the environmental conditions under which central pit craters form on Ganymede. We have conducted a study of 471 central pit craters with diameters between 5 and 150 km on Ganymede and compared the results to 1604 central pit craters on Mars (diameter range 5-160 km). Both floor and summit pits occur on Mars whereas floor pits dominate on Ganymede. Central peak craters are found in similar locations and diameter ranges as central pit craters on Mars and overlap in location and at diameters <60 km on Ganymede. Central pit craters show no regional variations on either Ganymede or Mars and are not concentrated on specific geologic units. Central pit craters show a range of preservation states, indicating that conditions favoring central pit formation have existed since crater-retaining surfaces have existed on Ganymede and Mars. Central pit craters on Ganymede are generally about three times larger than those on Mars, probably due to gravity scaling although target characteristics and resolution also may play a role. Central pits tend to be larger relative to their parent crater on Ganymede than on Mars, probably because of Ganymede's purer ice crust. A transition to different characteristics occurs in Ganymede's icy crust at depths of 4-7 km based on the larger pit-to-crater-diameter relationship for craters in the 70-130-km-diameter range and lack of central peaks in craters larger than 60-km-diameter. We use our results to constrain the proposed formation models for central pits on these two bodies. Our results are most consistent with the melt-drainage model for central pit formation.

Alzate, Nathalia; Barlow, Nadine G.

2011-02-01

434

Central solar energy receiver  

DOEpatents

An improved tower-mounted central solar energy receiver for heating air drawn through the receiver by an induced draft fan. A number of vertically oriented, energy absorbing, fin-shaped slats are radially arranged in a number of concentric cylindrical arrays on top of the tower coaxially surrounding a pipe having air holes through which the fan draws air which is heated by the slats which receive the solar radiation from a heliostat field. A number of vertically oriented and wedge-shaped columns are radially arranged in a number of concentric cylindrical clusters surrounding the slat arrays. The columns have two mirror-reflecting sides to reflect radiation into the slat arrays and one energy absorbing side to reduce reradiation and reflection from the slat arrays.

Drost, M. Kevin (Richland, WA)

1983-01-01

435

Central solar energy receiver  

SciTech Connect

An improved tower-mounted central solar energy receiver is disclosed for heating air drawn through the receiver by an induced draft fan. A number of vertically oriented, energy absorbing, fin-shaped slats are radially arranged in a number of concentric cylindrical arrays on top of the tower coaxially surrounding a pipe having air holes through which the fan draws air which is heated by the slats which receive the solar radiation from a heliostat field. A number of vertically oriented and wedgeshaped columns are radially arranged in a number of concentric cylindrical clusters surrounding the slat arrays. The columns have two mirror-reflecting sides to reflect radiation into the slat arrays and one energy absorbing side to reduce reradiation and reflection from the slat arrays.

Dyost, M.K.

1983-07-26

436

Central nervous system cancers.  

PubMed

Primary and metastatic tumors of the central nervous system are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with varied outcomes and management strategies. Recently, improved survival observed in 2 randomized clinical trials established combined chemotherapy and radiation as the new standard for treating patients with pure or mixed anaplastic oligodendroglioma harboring the 1p/19q codeletion. For metastatic disease, increasing evidence supports the efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery in treating patients with multiple metastatic lesions but low overall tumor volume. These guidelines provide recommendations on the diagnosis and management of this group of diseases based on clinical evidence and panel consensus. This version includes expert advice on the management of low-grade infiltrative astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, anaplastic gliomas, glioblastomas, medulloblastomas, supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors, and brain metastases. The full online version, available at NCCN. org, contains recommendations on additional subtypes. PMID:24029126

Nabors, Louis Burt; Ammirati, Mario; Bierman, Philip J; Brem, Henry; Butowski, Nicholas; Chamberlain, Marc C; Deangelis, Lisa M; Fenstermaker, Robert A; Friedman, Allan; Gilbert, Mark R; Hesser, Deneen; Holdhoff, Matthias; Junck, Larry; Lawson, Ronald; Loeffler, Jay S; Maor, Moshe H; Moots, Paul L; Morrison, Tara; Mrugala, Maciej M; Newton, Herbert B; Portnow, Jana; Raizer, Jeffrey J; Recht, Lawrence; Shrieve, Dennis C; Sills, Allen K; Tran, David; Tran, Nam; Vrionis, Frank D; Wen, Patrick Y; McMillian, Nicole; Ho, Maria

2013-09-01

437

Brucellosis in Central America.  

PubMed

Brucellosis is a disease of domestic animals and humans in Central America (CA). Bovine and swine brucellosis caused by Brucella abortus and Brucella suis, respectively, have been identified in all CA countries, while ovine and caprine brucellosis caused by Brucella melitensis has been detected in Guatemala. The prevalence of bovine brucellosis is estimated between 4 and 8%, with higher prevalence in dairy herds, with losses calculated at 25 million US dollars per year. National Control Programs based in calf vaccination and removal of the reactors have had little impact in the control of brucellosis in CA. In a region where experimentation with new vaccines is not affordable, unrestricted adult vaccination by the conjunctival route with S19 is recommended. This strategy is expected to reduce the prevalence and density of the bacteria to numbers where "clean" vaccination would be possible. Thereafter, serological identification and elimination of the reactors could be initiated under more favorable conditions of herd infection. PMID:12414131

Moreno, Edgardo

2002-12-20

438

Human Genome Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ensembl, a collaborative initiative of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL)/ European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) and the Sanger Centre, offers this master Website featuring links to the most useful Internet resources on the Human Genome Sequence. Each link is categorized (e.g., draft data, ethical issues) and then briefly described (e.g., "Can view chromosomes and maps"), and links are updated regularly. While the full primary source data (for finished data only) are available from three public databases (Genbank, EMBL, and DDJB), the Human Genome Central Website offers links to ancillary information and tools, enabling researchers to assess useful information such as "the overlaps between clones; the correct genomic location of each clone; an integrated genomic sequence that merges the individual clones; and annotation of gene content." These links are useful starting points for researchers wishing to work with human genome sequence data.

439

Central Michigan University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Central Michigan University serves Michigan and the larger community as a doctoral/research intensive public university focused on excellent teaching and student-focused learning. The University is committed to providing a broad range of undergraduate and graduate programs and services to prepare its students for varied roles as responsible citizens and leaders in a democratic and diverse society. Its programs encourage intellectual and moral growth, prepare students for meaningful careers and professions, instill the values of lifelong learning, and encourage civic responsibility, public service and understanding among social groups in a global society. The university emphasizes an undergraduate program that maintains a balance between general education and specialization. In addition to educational depth in at least one academic discipline or professional field, the university provides educational experiences in the arts, humanities, natural and social sciences, global cultures, and issues of race and diversity. The university offers selected high quality graduate programs in traditional disciplines and professional fields. Through its College of Extended Learning, the university provides access to higher education programs and lifelong learning opportunities both nationally and internationally through a variety of innovative instructional methods and schedules designed to meet the demands of adult populations. Central Michigan University encourages research, scholarship and creative activity and promotes the scholarly pursuit and dissemination of new knowledge, artistic production and applied research. Through its support of research, the university enhances the learning opportunities of both its undergraduate and graduate students and promotes economic, cultural and social development. The universityÃøΩs sense of community is reflected through governance structures that allow broadbased participation, opportunities for close student-faculty interaction, and a rich array of residential and campus-based co-curricular activities. Through its partnerships and outreach efforts, the university promotes learning outsideof the traditional classroom and enhances the general welfare of society.

University, Central M.

440

Central American geologic map project  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the Northeast Quadrant Panel meeting of the Circum-Pacific Map Project held in Mexico City, February 1985, Central American panel members proposed and adopted plans for compiling a geologic map of Central America, probably at a scale of 1:500,000. A local group with participants from each country was organized and coordinated by Rolando Castillo, director, Central American School of Geology,

Dengo

1986-01-01

441

Central nervous system stimulants.  

PubMed

Three major types of CNS stimulant are currently abused in sport: amphetamine, cocaine and caffeine. Each drug type has its own characteristic mechanism of action on CNS neurones and their associated receptors and nerve terminals. Amphetamine is widely abused in sports requiring intense anaerobic exercise where it prolongs the tolerance to anaerobic metabolism. It is addictive, and chronic abuse causes marked behavioural change and sometimes psychosis. Major sports abusing amphetamine are cycling, American football, ice-hockey and baseball. Cocaine increases tolerance to intense exercise, yet most of its chronic effects on energy metabolism are negative. Its greatest effects seem to be as a central stimulant and the enhancement of short-term anaerobic exercise. It is highly addictive and can cause cerebral and cardiovascular fatalities. Caffeine enhances fatty acid metabolism leading to glucose conservation, which appears to benefit long-distance endurance events such as skiing. Caffeine is also addictive, and chronic abuse can lead to cardiac damage. Social abuse of each of the three drugs is often difficult to distinguish from their abuse in sport. PMID:10932812

George, A J

2000-03-01

442

Central African Republic.  

PubMed

The Central African Republic contains 242,000 square miles, which rolling terrain almost 2000 feet above sea level. The climate is tropical, and it has a population of 2.8 million people with a 2.5% growth rate. There are more than 80 ethnic groups including Baya 34%, Banda 28%, Sara 10%, Mandja 9%, Mboum 9%, and M'Baka 7%. The religions are traditional African 35%, protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, and Muslim 15%, and the languages are French and Sangho. The infant mortality rate is 143/1000, with expectancy at 49 years and a 40% literacy rate. The work force of 1 million is 70% agricultural, industry 6% and commerce and service 6% and government 3%. The government consists of a president assisted by cabinet ministers and a single party. Natural resources include diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, and oil, and major industries are beverages, textiles, and soap. Agricultural products feature coffee, cotton, peanuts, tobacco, food crops and livestock. Most of the population live in rural areas and most of the 80 ethnic groups have their own language. This is one of the world's least developed countries, with a per capita income of $375/year. The main problems with development are the poor transportation infrastructure, and the weak internal and international marketing systems. The US and various international organizations have aided in agriculture development, health programs, and family planning. US investment is mainly in diamond and gold mining, and although oil drilling has been successful it is not economically feasible at current prices. PMID:12178020

1989-11-01

443

Solar Central Receiver Test Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world's largest high intensity solar experimental facility became fully operational October 1978. The Central Receiver Test Facility is capable of delivering 5 million watts of thermal power to experimental equipment. The primary CRTF testing programs will involve prototype components (receivers and heliostats) for central receiver solar electric power plants. The CRTF also provides unique capabilities for other high solar

G. E. Brandvold; J. T. Holmes

1979-01-01

444

Russia's Place in Central Asia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis assesses the need for U.S.-Russian cooperation in Central Asia to create a stronger, more reliable long-term stability in the region. Current United States policy toward Russia in Central Asia is tailored to isolate and minimize Russian influe...

J. M. Edwards

2001-01-01

445

The Central Valley Hydrologic Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, California's Central Valley has been one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world. The Central Valley also is rapidly becoming an important area for California's expanding urban population. In response to this competition for water, a number of water-related issues have gained prominence: conjunctive use, artificial recharge, hydrologic implications of land-use change, subsidence, and effects of climate

C. Faunt; K. Belitz; R. T. Hanson

2009-01-01

446

Central American Grandparents Raising Grandchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study documents the prevalence and profile of Central American grandparents raising grandchildren in the United States of America. Using nationally representative data from the Census 2000 Supplementary Survey, Central American grandparent caregivers are compared with their noncare-giving peers. Results indicate that nationally an estimated…

Fuller-Thomson, Esme; Minkler, Meredith

2007-01-01

447

Tropical Cyclones - Central Pacific (1981).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Brief descriptions are given of Tropical Storm Greg (August 20-22, 1981) and Tropical Storm Jova (September 18-20, 1981) which took place in the Central Pacific. Verification statistics show that the 24-hour Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) forecas...

A. K. T. Chun

1982-01-01

448

The Evolution of Central Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Evolution of Central Banks employs a wide range of historical evidence and reassesses current monetary analysis to argue that the development of non-profit-maximizing and noncompetitive central banks to supervise and regulate the commercial banking system fulfils a necessary and natural function. Goodhart surveys the case for free banking, examines the key role of the clearing house in the evolution

Charles Goodhart

1988-01-01

449

How transparent are central banks?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central bank transparency has become the topic of a lively public and academic debate on monetary policy. However, this has been complicated by the fact that transparency is a qualitative concept that is hard to measure. This paper proposes an index for the transparency of monetary policy that comprises the political, economic, procedural, policy and operational aspects of central banking.

Sylvester C. W. Eijffinger; Petra M. Geraats

2006-01-01

450

Why do central banks intervene?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intervention by central banks, in terms of buying and selling foreign currency, has been a major activity in recent years. This paper investigates the motivations for such policy and the evidence for its effectiveness. We use high quality daily data on the dollar amounts of intervention by the central banks of the US and Germany. We also use information on

William P. Osterberg

1997-01-01

451

[Central presynaptic receptors].  

PubMed

Experiments on two different inhibitory presynaptic receptor systems are presented. 1. Superfused and electrically stimulated brain slices are a widely used experimental model to study the release of noradrenaline and its modulation by inhibitory alpha-2 adrenoceptors. By using a minisuperfusion chamber we succeeded in studying the simplest case of autoinhibition, i.e. the release of transmitter induced by a single pulse and two consecutive pulses, respectively. When electrical stimulation is performed using a single pulse, no autoinhibition is possible, whereas following stimulation with two pulses the transmitter released by the first pulse will inhibit the effect of the second pulse. By systemically varying the time interval between the two pulses the minimal time requirement for development of autoinhibition was determined to be 100 ms. Short pulse trains of high frequency such as 4 pulses within 30 ms circumvent autoinhibition and cause inhibition-free release by each applied pulse. The release of transmitter evoked in this way is not only free from autoinhibition but, in addition, easily measurable, which makes this method of stimulation very suitable for analyses at presynaptic receptors. By using this approach it became possible, for the first time, to determine dissociation constants of antagonists and agonists at the central presynaptic alpha-2 adrenoceptor without the distortion introduced by autoinhibition occurring during release. 2. There is a substantial body of evidence for a role of medullary serotonergic nerve cells in the regulation of blood pressure and heart rate. It is hypothesized that the serotonergic neurons project to the thoracic spinal cord exerting a tonic excitatory influence on presynaptic sympathetic neurons of the intermediolateral cell column. Experiments were performed in pentobarbital anaesthetized rats to reduce this excitatory tone by activating inhibitory autoreceptors which are located on the perikarya and dendrites on the serotonergic cells and which have been shown to belong to the 5-HT1A subtype. Local stereotactic injection of the 5-HT1A agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) caused a decrease in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). The effects were blocked by pretreatment of the animals with the 5-HT1A antagonist spiroxatrine. Moreover, neurochemical lesioning of serotonergic neurons by intracisternal injection of the neurotoxin 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT) abolished the effects of 8-OH-DPAT. Bilateral intraspinal injection of 5,7-DHT, which interrupts the medullo-spinal serotonergic pathway, markedly attenuated the effects of local intramedullary injection of 8-OH-DPAT.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1979459

Singer, E A; Valenta, B; Kotai, E; Drobny, H; Weisz, E

1990-10-26

452

CASWW Central Asia Experts Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Harvard Forum for Central Asian Studies, this site will prove useful to graduate students and scholars of Central Asia. The site was created to facilitate access for policy-makers, the press, and others to scholars with the appropriate expertise in Central Asian Studies. The Directory features those who have indicated their willingness to be contacted for expert consultations, and their listing will include a brief description of their qualifications. It organizes experts by name, topic, location, and under several headings: Politics and International Relations, Economy, Social Issues, and Cultural and Historical Background. The site is still soliciting experts for inclusion, and a link to the questionnaire is provided.

453

Centralized digital control of accelerators  

SciTech Connect

In contrasting the title of this paper with a second paper to be presented at this conference entitled Distributed Digital Control of Accelerators, a potential reader might be led to believe that this paper will focus on systems whose computing intelligence is centered in one or more computers in a centralized location. Instead, this paper will describe the architectural evolution of SLAC's computer based accelerator control systems with respect to the distribution of their intelligence. However, the use of the word centralized in the title is appropriate because these systems are based on the use of centralized large and computationally powerful processors that are typically supported by networks of smaller distributed processors.

Melen, R.E.

1983-09-01

454

The CDF Central Outer Tracker  

SciTech Connect

We describe the CDF Central Outer Tracker (COT), an open-cell drift chamber currently being constructed for the CDF detector to run at the upgraded Fermilab Tevatron collider. This detector will provide central tracking with excellent momentum resolution in the high- density environment of a hadron collider. It will be able to resolve 132 ns beam crossings and provide tracking trigger information to the Level 1 trigger. The design is based upon the existing and successful CDF Central Tracking Chamber. The preliminary mechanical and electrical designs are presented. 5 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Pitts, K.T.; CDF Collaboration

1997-01-01

455

Demographic tensions in Central America.  

PubMed

This discussion of Central America focuses on the rapid growth of its population, its stagnating economy, and those countries that are socioeconomically advanced. Between 1950-85 the population of Central America tripled, from 9.1 million to 26. 4 million, due to marked mortality declines and the absence of off-setting fertility declines. The distribution of Central Americas's growing populations sets its population growth apart from that of other developing regions. Currently, almost half of all Central Americans live in cities. Although the average growth rate for Central American countries has fallen and is expected to drop further, the decline does not counterbalance the effect of the absolute rise in population numbers. The average annual growth rate of more than 3% annually in the 1960s fell to about 2.6% in recent years, but this decline is due primarily to socioeconomically advanced Costa Rica and Panama. Central America's age structure further complicates the population crisis. About 43% of Central Americans are under the age of 15. When the increasingly larger young population group enters it reproductive years, the potential for future growth (albeit the falling rate of population increase) is unparalleled. UN population projections show the region's population at 40 million by the year 2000. The 1973 oil crisis began a downward spiral for the buoyant post World War II Central American economy. Between 1950-79, real per capita income growth in Central America doubled, with Central American economies growing an average of 5.3% annually. By the early 1980s, overseas markets of the trade-dependent countries of Central America had dried up due to protectionism abroad and slumping basic commodity prices. These and other factors plunged Central America into its current economic malaise of falling real per capita income, rising unemployment, curtailed export led economic growth, and a rising cost of living. In general, economic growth in Central America disproportionately benefits high and middle income groups, thereby widening the already large gap between rich and poor. Average per capita income for the poorest 20% of Central Americans is $90 a year (in 1970 US dollars); over half subsist on an average of $200 a year. Central America's economic crisis is further intensified by the marked increase in the economically active population. Doubling in size from about 2.1 million in 1970 to 4.2 million in 1985, the labor force increasingly pressures an economy already weakened by high unemployment and underemployment. Socioeconomically advanced Costa Rica and Panama are Central America's notable exceptions. Life expectancy at birth and infant mortality rates for these better off countries, e.g., are comparable to those of developed countries. Costa Ricans enjoy the most equitable distributional income of all Central Americans. Panama's income differential is 1 of the widest in the world, but its relative wealth affords more for each of its citizens. PMID:12268221

1986-08-01

456

Closeness Centrality on BBS Reply Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a reply network was constructed with the data downloaded from SINA BBS. Based on the complex network theory, we firstly studied the node closeness centrality and graph closeness centralization of the reply network, and analyzed the influence of the central figure in reply network by studying the node closeness centrality. The leadership of the central figure was

Ke Zhang; Hui Li; Lijuan Qin; Min Wu

2011-01-01

457

Study on Corporate Hereditary Central Dogma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on analyzing the central dogma of biology, this paper raises hypothesis, using the analogism method to set up the corporate hereditary central dogma. It analyzes the differences between the Corporate hereditary central dogma and the central dogma of biology, which explains the significance of research on Corporate hereditary central dogma; it discusses the meanings of all factors of Corporate

Li Xianbai

2010-01-01

458

Central-Office Real Estate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how to upgrade a school district's central-office facilities without incurring taxpayer enmity. Includes case studies from Harford County, Maryland; Orange and Broward Counties, Florida; South Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Mt. Baker, Washington; Chicago, Illinois; and Rochester, New Hampshire. (PKP)|

Pardini, Priscilla

2003-01-01

459

The CMS central hadron calorimeter  

SciTech Connect

The CMS central hadron calorimeter is a brass absorber/scintillator sampling structure. We describe details of the mechanical and optical structure. We also discuss calibration techniques, and finally the anticipated construction schedule.

Freeman, Jim [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)

1998-11-09

460

Super Kitchen Centralizes Food Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To centralize food service within the entire Pittsburgh school district, a 90,000-square-foot food service preparation building contains cranes and monorails to move 500-pound capacity vats throughout the kitchen. (Author/MLF)

Modern Schools, 1975

1975-01-01

461

Central Dogma of Molecular Biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central dogma of molecular biology deals with the detailed residue-by-residue transfer of sequential information. It states that such information cannot be transferred from protein to either protein or nucleic acid.

Francis Crick

1970-01-01

462

Central cementifying fibroma of maxilla.  

PubMed

Central cementifying fibroma is a bony tumor, which is believed to be derived from the cells of the periodontal ligament. Central cemento-ossifying fibroma behaves like, a benign bone neoplasm. This bone tumor consists of highly cellular, fibrous tissue that contains varying amounts of calcified tissue resembling bone, cementum, or both. Central cemento-ossifying fibromas of the mandible are common; however, they are rare in the maxilla region. This tumor is most frequent between 35 and 40 years of ages. In this report we have described a 37-year-old male with cemento-ossifying fibroma of the maxilla region with the mass that had been appeared 2-3 months prior to his first referral. Radiologic imaging such as intra-oral, panoramic, and Cone Beam CT had been performed. Histological analysis was done and finally diagnosis of central cementifying fibroma was made. The postoperative follow up at 12 months revealed no recurrence. PMID:23878576

Sheikhi, Mahnaz; Mosavat, Farzaneh; Jalalian, Faranak; Rashidipoor, Roghayeh

2013-01-01

463

Central cementifying fibroma of maxilla  

PubMed Central

Central cementifying fibroma is a bony tumor, which is believed to be derived from the cells of the periodontal ligament. Central cemento-ossifying fibroma behaves like, a benign bone neoplasm. This bone tumor consists of highly cellular, fibrous tissue that contains varying amounts of calcified tissue resembling bone, cementum, or both. Central cemento-ossifying fibromas of the mandible are common; however, they are rare in the maxilla region. This tumor is most frequent between 35 and 40 years of ages. In this report we have described a 37-year-old male with cemento-ossifying fibroma of the maxilla region with the mass that had been appeared 2-3 months prior to his first referral. Radiologic imaging such as intra-oral, panoramic, and Cone Beam CT had been performed. Histological analysis was done and finally diagnosis of central cementifying fibroma was made. The postoperative follow up at 12 months revealed no recurrence.

Sheikhi, Mahnaz; Mosavat, Farzaneh; Jalalian, Faranak; Rashidipoor, Roghayeh

2013-01-01

464

Embolism of Central Retinal Artery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A case of sudden blindness due to embolism of the central retinal artery occurring in a patient hospitalized for treatment of a recent myocardial infarction is presented because the eyes became available for histopathologic study when the patient died 62 ...

L. E. Zimmerman

1965-01-01

465

Tourism in East Central Florida.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes a research effort to project tourism as an industry in East Central Florida and present such key planning factors as employment, population supported, retail sales, motel and restaurant data and total investment. The approach used i...

1969-01-01

466

Rainfall in West Central Africa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An estimation of the relative importance of various factors to the rainfall in West Central Africa has been attempted. The factors considered were tropical waves, monsoon depressions, the position of the intertropical discontinuity (ITD) and the tropical ...

S. Mbele-Mbong

1974-01-01

467

Perihelium Shifts in Central Potentials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Motivated by the rigorous results on level ordering for arbitrary central potentials recently derived in the literature a classical treatment of the perihelium shifts is presented, based on the consideration of those orbits which lie in the vicinity of a ...

A. E. A. Amorim P. L. Ferreira

1987-01-01

468

Promoting Stability in Central Asia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Central Asia's critical geographic location and energy resource potential makes its continued stability a strategic concern of the United States. The most immediate destabilizing factors in the area are environmental remediation issues that require greate...

B. F. Griffard

2001-01-01

469

CENTRAL PLATEAU REMEDIATION OPTIMIZATION STUDY  

SciTech Connect

THE CENTRAL PLATEAU REMEDIATION OPTIMIZATION STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DEVELOP AN OPTIMAL SEQUENCE OF REMEDIATION ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTING THE CERCLA DECISION ON THE CENTRAL PLATEAU. THE STUDY DEFINES A SEQUENCE OF ACTIVITIES THAT RESULT IN AN EFFECTIVE USE OF RESOURCES FROM A STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVE WHEN CONSIDERING EQUIPMENT PROCUREMENT AND STAGING, WORKFORCE MOBILIZATION/DEMOBILIZATION, WORKFORCE LEVELING, WORKFORCE SKILL-MIX, AND OTHER REMEDIATION/DISPOSITION PROJECT EXECUTION PARAMETERS.

BERGMAN TB; STEFANSKI LD; SEELEY PN; ZINSLI LC; CUSACK LJ

2012-09-19

470

Attribute centrality and imaginative thought.  

PubMed

Participants' representations of the concept human were examined to differentiate three types of associations between concepts and their component attributes: the capacity of concepts to cue attributes (attribute accessibility), the capacity of attributes to cue concepts (instance accessibility), and the extent to which attributes are thought of as central to concepts (attribute centrality). The findings provide information about the concept human itself and, more generally, about the functionally distinct roles those different attribute-concept associations play in guiding imaginative thought. College students listed attributes that differentiate humans from other animals, rated the centrality of those attributes, and listed animals that possess those attributes. Other students drew and described extraterrestrials that possessed some of the attributes that were found to vary across those listing and rating tasks. Rated centrality was the most important determinant of an attribute's impact on imaginative generation. When the imagined extraterrestrials were supposed to possess attributes that had been rated as central to humans (intelligence, emotional complexity, or opposable thumbs), participants projected more aspects of human form onto them than when the creatures were supposed to possess less central attributes or when attributes were unspecified. PMID:11219966

Ward, T B; Dodds, R A; Saunders, K N; Sifonis, C M

2000-12-01

471

Central dynamics of globular clusters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation explores some aspects of the central dynamics of globular clusters. Surface brightness profiles are measured with a newly developed technique that yields accurate, high resolution density profiles. The technique uses integrated light measured with a robust statistical estimator, and it is applied to images obtained by the Hubble Space Telescope . Surface brightness profiles are presented for 39 globular clusters belonging to the Milky Way, 21 to the LMC, 5 to the SMC and 4 to the Fornax dwarf galaxy. Results show that the central structure of some globular clusters departs from the predictions made by classic dynamical models. When the distribution of central logarithmic slopes is analyzed, instead of finding a bimodal distribution between flat cores and steep cusps (as expected for post core-collapse clusters), a continuous distribution of central slopes is observed. A new sub-class of objects is found that have intermediate slopes between flat cores and the expected post-core collapse central slope. In total, 45% of the sample is not consistent with having King-type profiles in the center. Omega Centauri, the largest Galactic globular cluster, is one of the objects that deviates from a flat core, having a central logarithmic slope clearly different than zero. In order to further explore the dynamical state of this cluster, central kinematic measurements are obtained. Spectroscopic measurements come from the GMOS-IFU on the Gemini-south telescope. Line-of-sight velocity dispersions from integrated spectra are measured in an area of 5=D75 arcseconds around the center and also 14 arcseconds away. A clear rise in dispersion from 18.5 to 23 km s -1 is observed between the outer and the central fields. The observed velocity dispersion profile is compared with dynamical models containing central black holes of various masses. Observations are best explained by the presence of an intermediate-mass black hole of [Special characters omitted.] at the center. It is crucial to investigate the central regions of globular clusters in great detail in order to find the causes for the observed photometric and kinematic peculiarities.

Noyola, Eva

472

Peripheral and Central Nervous System Drugs Advisory ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Peripheral and Central Nervous System Drugs Advisory Committee Charter. Authority. The Peripheral and Central Nervous ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/drugs

473

Network centrality of metro systems.  

PubMed

Whilst being hailed as the remedy to the world's ills, cities will need to adapt in the 21(st) century. In particular, the role of public transport is likely to increase significantly, and new methods and technics to better plan transit systems are in dire need. This paper examines one fundamental aspect of transit: network centrality. By applying the notion of betweenness centrality to 28 worldwide metro systems, the main goal of this paper is to study the emergence of global trends in the evolution of centrality with network size and examine several individual systems in more detail. Betweenness was notably found to consistently become more evenly distributed with size (i.e. no "winner takes all") unlike other complex network properties. Two distinct regimes were also observed that are representative of their structure. Moreover, the share of betweenness was found to decrease in a power law with size (with exponent 1 for the average node), but the share of most central nodes decreases much slower than least central nodes (0.87 vs. 2.48). Finally the betweenness of individual stations in several systems were examined, which can be useful to locate stations where passengers can be redistributed to relieve pressure from overcrowded stations. Overall, this study offers significant insights that can help planners in their task to design the systems of tomorrow, and similar undertakings can easily be imagined to other urban infrastructure systems (e.g., electricity grid, water/wastewater system, etc.) to develop more sustainable cities. PMID:22792373

Derrible, Sybil

2012-07-06

474

Network Centrality of Metro Systems  

PubMed Central

Whilst being hailed as the remedy to the world’s ills, cities will need to adapt in the 21st century. In particular, the role of public transport is likely to increase significantly, and new methods and technics to better plan transit systems are in dire need. This paper examines one fundamental aspect of transit: network centrality. By applying the notion of betweenness centrality to 28 worldwide metro systems, the main goal of this paper is to study the emergence of global trends in the evolution of centrality with network size and examine several individual systems in more detail. Betweenness was notably found to consistently become more evenly distributed with size (i.e. no “winner takes all”) unlike other complex network properties. Two distinct regimes were also observed that are representative of their structure. Moreover, the share of betweenness was found to decrease in a power law with size (with exponent 1 for the average node), but the share of most central nodes decreases much slower than least central nodes (0.87 vs. 2.48). Finally the betweenness of individual stations in several systems were examined, which can be useful to locate stations where passengers can be redistributed to relieve pressure from overcrowded stations. Overall, this study offers significant insights that can help planners in their task to design the systems of tomorrow, and similar undertakings can easily be imagined to other urban infrastructure systems (e.g., electricity grid, water/wastewater system, etc.) to develop more sustainable cities.

Derrible, Sybil

2012-01-01

475

The Central Asia Caucacus Analyst  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This biweekly journal is the product of the Central Asia-Caucacus Institute (CACI), an independent think tank, affiliated with the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at The Johns Hopkins University. The journal, which CACI has been publishing for about a year, aims to "link the business, governmental, journalistic and scholarly communities," and each issue has four or five short articles, field reports (short pieces focused on communities' assessments of a particular news event), and news bites (paragraph summaries of relevant news items). The current issue contains four articles, S. Frederick Starr's "A Federated Afghanistan?" Maria Sultan's "Avoiding Escalation in Central Asia's Southern Borderland," "Turkey's New Challenges in the Caucacus and Central Asia" by Kemal Kaya, and Miriam Lanskoy's "The Cost of the Chechen War." The journal is available online, or users can download each issue in .pdf format. Note: When we visited, the material available in .pdf format was more current than that in HTML.

2001-01-01

476

Geothermal activities in Central America  

SciTech Connect

The Agency for International Development is funding a new program in energy and minerals for Central America. Geothermal energy is an important component. A country-wide geothermal assessment has started in Honduras, and other assessment activities are in progress or planned for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama. Instrumentation for well logging has been provided to Costa Rica, and a self-contained logging truck will be made available for use throughout Central America. An important objective of this program is to involve the private sector in resource development. 4 refs., 3 figs.

Whetten, J.T.; Hanold, R.J.

1985-09-11

477

Does an Independent Central Bank Violate Democracy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of central bank independence is one of degree. A completely independent central bank is impossible as long as a country has provisions for altering central bank powers, even if that requires constitutional amendments. On the other hand, any central bank has at least some discretion in monetary policy is effectively determined by the currency board. In the United

David A. Levy

1998-01-01

478

Music Libraries: Centralization versus Decentralization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the decision that branch libraries, music libraries in particular, have struggled with concerning a centralized location in the main library versus a decentralized collection. Reports on a study of the Association of Research Libraries that investigated the location of music libraries, motivation for the location, degrees offered,…

Kuyper-Rushing, Lois

2002-01-01

479

Measures of Central Tendency Rap  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video on basic statistics provides a short rap to help students remember the meaning of range, and the measures of central tendency, namely, mean, median, and mode. Each word is given in a short rhyme that includes how to calculate the value.

Devoto, Paul

2010-11-20

480

Central mechanisms of pathological pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic pain is a major challenge to clinical practice and basic science. The peripheral and central neural networks that mediate nociception show extensive plasticity in pathological disease states. Disease-induced plasticity can occur at both structural and functional levels and is manifest as changes in individual molecules, synapses, cellular function and network activity. Recent work has yielded a better understanding of

Rohini Kuner

2010-01-01

481

Central Asia : Mapping Future Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central Asia has emerged as one of the worlds fastest growing regions since the late 1990s and has shown notable development potential. This is significant for a region comprising largely of small landlocked economies with no access to the sea for trade. Among the advantages, of the region are its high- priced commodities (oil, gas, cotton and gold), reasonable infrastructure

Malcolm Dowling; Ganeshan Wignaraja

2006-01-01

482

Central Asia: Mapping Future Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central Asia has emerged as one of the world’s fastest growing regions since the late 1990s and has shown notable development potential. This is significant for a region comprising largely of small landlocked economies with no access to the sea for trade. Among the advantages, of the region are its high- priced commodities (oil, gas, cotton and gold), reasonable infrastructure

John Malcolm Dowling; Ganeshan Wignaraja

2005-01-01

483

Eccentricity and centrality in networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The classic concept of centrality discovered by Camille Jordan in the 19th century is introduced as a model for social network analysis. It is generalized to include the path center of a graph and illustrated with an application to two island networks in Oceania. It is shown to be a necessary addition to the concepts of degree, closeness and betweenness

Per Hage; Frank Harary

1995-01-01

484

Central Neuroplasticity and Pathological Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional specificity theory of pain perception holds that pain involves a direct transmission system from somatic receptors to the brain. The amount of pain perceived, moreover, is assumed to be directly proportional to the extent of injury. Recent research, however, indicates far more complex mechanisms. Clinical and experimental evidence shows that noxious stimuli may sensitize central neural structures involved

Ronald Melzack; Terence J. Coderre; Joel Katz; Anthony L. Vaccarino

2006-01-01

485

Today's central receiver power plant  

SciTech Connect

For 15 years, the United States Department of Energy has worked with industry, both utilities and manufacturers, to develop the technology of solar central receiver power plants. In this type of plant, sunlight is concentrated by a field of sun-tracking mirrors, called heliostats, onto a centrally located receiver. The solar energy is collected in the form of a heated fluid, which is used to generate steam to power a conventional turbine generator. For a number of reasons, molten nitrate salt is now the preferred heat transfer fluid. Commercial plants will be sized between 100 and 200 MW. The impetus for developing central receivers comes from their unique advantages: (1) They produce clean, reliable, low-cost electricity; (2) they have practical energy storage that provides a high degree of dispatchability (annually up to 60%) -- without fossil fuels; and, (3) they are environmentally benign. Development efforts around the world have brought the technology to the brink of commercialization: The technical feasibility has been proven, and cost, performance, and reliability can be confidently predicted. Plans are currently being developed for the final steps toward commercial central receiver power plants. 24 refs., 7 figs.

Alpert, D.J.; Kolb, G.J.; Chavez, J.M.

1991-01-01

486

Central California Action Associates, Inc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The overall goal of the Central California Action Associates Inc. (CCAA) program is to provide basic education and pre-vocational training so that migrant and seasonal adult farm workers will be able to upgrade their economic and social lives. Without increased educational attainment, the San Joaquin Valley farm workers face a grim future because…

Sortor, Maia, Comp.

487

The Volcanoes of Central France  

Microsoft Academic Search

AN unlucky error, perhaps mine, in the letter on the ``Volcanoes of Central France,'' p. 80, will quite prevent any reader finding the paper I mentioned of May 1865, which, instead of being in the Gentleman's Magazine, was in the Englishman's Magazine, a short-lived periodical, begun and ended, I think, with that year. As your two correspondents, Prof. Corfield and

E. L. Garbett

1872-01-01

488

Jensen Unit: Central Utah Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Central Utah Project is the largest and most complicated water development ever undertaken in the State of Utah. The Bureau of Reclamation planned for the CUPs Vernal and Jensen Units to benefit Uintah County. Both of these units are relatively simple...

A. R. Eastman

2006-01-01

489

Political economy of central banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current developments in the field of comparative political economy have emphasised the role and influence of corporatist institutions in the determination of levels of economic and social performance. Without denying the importance of corporatism, the paper argues for the need to acknowledge and examine the impact of other institutions, such as central banks, on economic performance. Given the increasing role

Kanishka Jayasuriya

1994-01-01

490

Readability of Central Florida Newspapers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study analyzed the readability of seven central Florida newspapers (one of which is a college newspaper) and "USA Today.""Rightwriter," a grammar checker and readability computer program, was used to evaluate front page articles for each of the eight newspapers. The readability formulas invoked in the readability program included the…

Olmstead, Phyllis M.

491

Central American geologic map project  

SciTech Connect

During the Northeast Quadrant Panel meeting of the Circum-Pacific Map Project held in Mexico City, February 1985, Central American panel members proposed and adopted plans for compiling a geologic map of Central America, probably at a scale of 1:500,000. A local group with participants from each country was organized and coordinated by Rolando Castillo, director, Central American School of Geology, University of Costa Rica, for the geologic aspects, and Fernando Rudin, director, Geographic Institute of Costa Rica, for the topographic base. In 1956, the US Geological Survey published a geologic map of the region at a scale of 1:1 million. Subsequent topographic and geologic mapping projects have provided a large amount of new data. The entire area is now covered by topographic maps at a scale of 1:50,000, and these maps have been used in several countries as a base for geologic mapping. Another regional map, the Metallogenic Map of Central America (scale = 1:2 million), was published in 1969 by the Central American Research Institute for Industry (ICAITI) with a generalized but updated geologic base map. Between 1969 and 1980, maps for each country were published by local institutions: Guatemala-Belize at 1:500,000, Honduras at 1:500,000, El Salvador at 1:100,000, Nicaragua at 1:1 million, Costa Rica at 1:200,000, and Panama at 1:1 million. This information, in addition to that of newly mapped areas, served as the base for the Central American part of the Geologic-Tectonic Map of the Caribbean Region (scale = 1:2.5 million), published by the US Geological Survey in 1980, and also fro the Northeast Quadrant Maps of the Circum-Pacific Region. The new project also involves bathymetric and geologic mapping of the Pacific and Caribbean margins of the Central American Isthmus. A substantial amount of new information of the Middle America Trench has been acquired through DSDP Legs 67 and 84.

Dengo, G.

1986-07-01

492

Is Central Asia really exsiccating?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the end of 20th and the beginning of 21st century central Asia oases suffered from serious drought caused lack of water for agriculture, economy growth and population increase. However, people of this region always experienced lack of water for irrigation and fought a war over the rights to control river streams. The drying up of central Asian rivers is not a new phenomenon according to the ancient manuscripts. Thus, lets see about what has happened with the past century climate and water resources of central Asia using the long-term observational data. We analyzed data from more than 200 meteorological stations and stream gauges over the central Asia in elevation range from 25 m. b.s.l. to 4,000 m. a.s.l. to understand the last 100 years variability in climate and water resources, examining changes in the extreme and mean monthly air temperatures, precipitation and river runoff. The evaluation of seasonal snow and glacier's covered areas between 1970th and 2007th in central Asia derived from AVHRR, MODIS, Hexagon KH-9, Landsat ETM and ASTER data exhibit 15% reduction of the seasonal snow covered area and 10.1% of the glacier area. It has been found that during last twenty years the duration of snowmelt, from the date of maximum snow cover to date of its disappearance, reduced by 30 days and in 2007 was equal to 138 days in the central Asian mountains. The decrease of seasonal snow cover is not a linear process. The further decrease may be accelerated due to increase of rainfall instead of snowfall in early spring months at high elevations, and consequently a lesser heat expenditure for the snowmelt. The growth in summer air temperatures, especially observable since the 1970th, accompanied by increase of evapotranspiration and precipitation, notably in summer and autumn, and at high elevations over 3,000 m, and at the western peripheral mountain ridges. Average difference in the means of annual air temperatures for the two thirty-year periods before and after 1972 was 0.68C and is attributed to summer seasons. The maximum growth in air temperature observed since 70th at low elevations and northern regions of central Asia. The share of glacier melt water in total river runoff at upper river reaches has increased as result of air temperature growth. The glacier's intensified melt and retreat created numerous new moraine lakes. Strengthening in the melt of glaciers and even insignificant increase in spring and summer precipitation promotes growth of Issik Kul Lake level and others interior lakes of central Asia. While the central Asia glacier area decreases continuously, for the last two decades the annual river runoff and water storing in lakes are growing, mainly due to precipitation increase. The simulation of river runoff, based on observed tendency of continuous growth in air temperature and precipitation, exposits that river runoff may reach up to 1.25 of the current level by 2050. However, the possible changes in river runoff indicated non-linear system response caused mainly by non-linearly response of evapotranspiration to air temperature and precipitation changes.

Aizen, V. B.; Aizen, E. M.; Surazakov, A. B.

2008-12-01

493

The Central Valley Hydrologic Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historically, California’s Central Valley has been one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world. The Central Valley also is rapidly becoming an important area for California’s expanding urban population. In response to this competition for water, a number of water-related issues have gained prominence: conjunctive use, artificial recharge, hydrologic implications of land-use change, subsidence, and effects of climate variability. To provide information to stakeholders addressing these issues, the USGS made a detailed assessment of the Central Valley aquifer system that includes the present status of water resources and how these resources have changed over time. The principal product of this assessment is a tool, referred to as the Central Valley Hydrologic Model (CVHM), that simulates surface-water flows, groundwater flows, and land subsidence in response to stresses from human uses and from climate variability throughout the entire Central Valley. The CVHM utilizes MODFLOW combined with a new tool called “Farm Process” to simulate groundwater and surface-water flow, irrigated agriculture, land subsidence, and other key processes in the Central Valley on a monthly basis. This model was discretized horizontally into 20,000 1-mi2 cells and vertically into 10 layers ranging in thickness from 50 feet at the land surface to 750 feet at depth. A texture model constructed by using data from more than 8,500 drillers’ logs was used to estimate hydraulic properties. Unmetered pumpage and surface-water deliveries for 21 water-balance regions were simulated with the Farm Process. Model results indicate that human activities, predominately surface-water deliveries and groundwater pumping for irrigated agriculture, have dramatically influenced the hydrology of the Central Valley. These human activities have increased flow though the aquifer system by about a factor of six compared to pre-development conditions. The simulated hydrology reflects spatial and temporal variability in climate, land-use changes, and available surface-water deliveries. For example, the droughts of 1976-77 and 1987-92 led to reduced streamflow and surface-water deliveries and increased evapotranspiration and groundwater pumpage throughout most of the valley, resulting in a decrease in groundwater storage. Since the mid-1990s, annual surface-water deliveries generally have exceeded groundwater pumpage, resulting in an increase or no change in groundwater storage throughout most of the valley. However, groundwater is still being removed from storage during most years in the southern part of the Central Valley. The CVHM is designed to be coupled with Global Climate Models to forecast the potential supply of surface-water deliveries, demand for groundwater pumpage, potential subsidence, and changes in groundwater storage in response to different climate-change scenarios. The detailed database on texture properties coupled with CVHM's ability to simulate the combined effects of recharge and discharge make CVHM particularly useful for assessing water-management plans, such as conjunctive water use, conservation of agriculture land, and land-use change. In the future, the CVHM could be used in conjunction with optimization models to help evaluate water-management alternatives to effectively utilize the available water resources.

Faunt, C.; Belitz, K.; Hanson, R. T.

2009-12-01

494

Astronomical Hosting in Central Asia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Networked projects e.g. Gamma-Ray Burst follow up optical observations require dense worldwide coverage. We are investigating potentially interesting sites for observatories in Central Asia where coverage by observatories is still poor. One of the most important parameter of a site is a number of clear night hours. We present first results of direct parameter measurements gathered with weather stations and our own observations in different sites of Mongolia.

Pozanenko, A.; Volnova, A.; Guziy, S.; Tungalag, N.; Klunko, E.; Molotov, I.

2013-07-01

495

The CDF Central Analysis Farm  

SciTech Connect

With Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron well underway, many computing challenges inherent to analyzing large volumes of data produced in particle physics research need to be met. We present the computing model within CDF designed to address the physics needs of the collaboration. Particular emphasis is placed on current development of a large O(1000) processor PC cluster at Fermilab serving as the Central Analysis Farm for CDF. Future plans leading toward distributed computing and GRID within CDF are also discussed.

Kim, T.H.; /MIT; Neubauer, M.; /UC, San Diego; Sfiligoi, I.; /Frascati; Weems, L.; /Fermilab; Wurthwein, F.; /UC, San Diego

2004-01-01

496

LAID SUBSIDENCE IN CENTRAL ARIZONA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Land subsidence and earth fissures occurring in parts of central Arizona are related to water-level declines caused by large-scale ground­ water withdrawal. Differential land subsidence and earth fissures have damaged Picacho Reservoir, agricultural lands, water-distribution systems, water wells, buildings, interstate highways, county roads and streets, and have necessitated rerouting of a proposed major aqueduct. Earth fissures, probably associated with the

Carl C. Winlkka; Fata D. Wold

497

Geochronology Database for Central Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This database is a compilation of published and some unpublished isotopic and fission track age determinations in central Colorado. The compiled area extends from the southern Wyoming border to the northern New Mexico border and from approximately the longitude of Denver on the east to Gunnison on the west. Data for the tephrochronology of Pleistocene volcanic ash, carbon-14, Pb-alpha, common-lead, and U-Pb determinations on uranium ore minerals have been excluded.

Klein, T.L.; Evans, K.V.; DeWitt, E.H.

2010-01-01

498

Central Tendency: Mean, Mode, Median  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning unit from Regents Exam Prep Center will help students learning to calculate mean, mode and median. The unit includes a lesson plan, practice examples, a teacher's guide and a worksheet. The term "measures of central tendency" is explained as finding the mean, median and mode of a set of data. The example of a set of test scores is used to demonstrate finding these measures. Links are also included which explain how to find these measurements using a graphing calculator.

2012-01-01

499

The Australian Air Quality Forecasting System: the use of green scenarios of motor vehicle usage as an educational tool.  

PubMed

The Australian Air Quality Forecasting System (AAQFS) is one of several newly emerging, high-resolution, numerical air quality forecasting systems. The system is briefly described. A public education application of the air quality impact of motor vehicle usage is explored by computing the concentration and dosage of particulate matter less than 10 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10) for a commuter traveling to work between Geelong and Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, under "business-as-usual" and "green" scenarios. This application could be routinely incorporated into systems like AAQFS. Two methodologies for calculating the dosage are described: one for operational use and one for more detailed applications. The Clean Air Research Programme-Personal Exposure Study in Melbourne provides support for this operational methodology. The more detailed methodology is illustrated using a system for predicting concentrations due to near-road emissions of PM10 and applied in Sydney. PMID:18672710

Cope, Martin; Hess, Dale; Lee, Sunhee; Tory, Kevin; Burgers, Manuela; Lilley, Bill

2008-07-01

500

Comparison of the incidence of influenza in relation to climate factors during 2000-2007 in five countries.  

PubMed

Relatively few international comparisons of the incidence of influenza related to climate parameters have been performed, particularly in the Eastern hemisphere. In this study, the incidence of influenza and climate data such as temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall, from cities at different latitudes with contrasting climates: Singapore, Hong Kong (China), Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia), Vancouver (Canada), and three Australian cities (Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney) were examined to determine whether there was any overall relationship between the incidence of influenza and climate. Applying time-series analyses to the more comprehensive datasets, it was found that relative humidity was associated with the incidence of influenza A in Singapore, Hong Kong, Brisbane, and Vancouver. In the case of influenza B, the mean temperature was the key climate variable associated with the incidence of influenza in Hong Kong, Brisbane, Melbourne, and Vancouver. Rainfall was not significantly correlated with the incidence of influenza A or B in any of these cities. PMID:20872724

Tang, Julian W; Lai, Florence Y L; Nymadawa, P; Deng, Yi-Mo; Ratnamohan, Mala; Petric, Martin; Loh, Tze Ping; Tee, Nancy W S; Dwyer, Dominic E; Barr, Ian G; Wong, Felix Y W

2010-11-01