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1

Greater Melbourne.  

PubMed

With more than a quarter of its population born overseas, Melbourne, Australia, is rapidly changing from an all-white British outpost to a multicultural, multilingual community. Since the "white" Australian policy was abandoned after World War II, 3 million immigrants from 100 different countries have moved to Australia. Most of the immigrants come from New Zealand, Rhodesia, South Africa, Britain, Ireland, Greece, Turkey, Yugoslavia, Poland, and Indochina. Melbourne is Australia's 2nd largest city and houses 1 out of 5 Australians. Its 1984 population was 2,888,400. Melbourne's housing pattern consists of subdivisions; 75% of the population live in detached houses. Between 1954 and 1961 Melbourne grew at an annual rate of 3.5%; its growth rate between 1961 and 1971 still averaged 2.5%. In the 1970s the growth rate slowed to 1.4%. Metropolitan Melbourne has no central government but is divided into 56 councils and 8 regions. Both Australia's and Melbourne's fertility rates are high compared to the rest of the developed world, partly because of their younger age structure. 41% of Melbourne's population was under age 24 in 1981. Single-person households are growing faster than any other type. 71% of the housing is owner-occupied; in 1981 the median sized dwelling had 5.2 rooms. Public housing only accounts for 2.6% of all dwellings. Fewer students graduate from high school in Australia than in other developed countries, and fewer graduates pursue higher education. Melbourne's suburban sprawl promotes private car travel. In 1980 Melbourne contained more than 28,000 retail establishments and 4200 restaurants and hotels. Industry accounts for 30% of employment, and services account for another 30%. Its largest industries are motor vehicles, clothing, and footware. Although unemployment reached 10% after the 1973 energy crisis, by 1985 it was down to 6%. PMID:12340610

Wulff, M; Burke, T; Newton, P

1986-03-01

2

Tamil in Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been few Australian studies of language maintenance amongst immigrant languages from the Indian subcontinent. The present study focuses on Tamil speakers in Melbourne from Sri Lanka or India, who are Hindus or Christians. Tamil is a pluricentric language that has been under the domination of English in these countries, at least amongst…

Fernandez, Sue; Clyne, Michael

2007-01-01

3

Physics in Melbourne  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I survey highlights of the practice of physics and allied sciences in Melbourne,Australia, from the 1850s, soon after Europeans first settled in the area, to the present. I note recognizable sites of past and current physical-science activity that may be visited, as well as exhibits of historic items of physics apparatus. I trace the role of physics, in the course of a century and a half, in the evolution of a pioneering settlement into a large city embedded in a modern industrial economy.

Home, R. W.

2005-12-01

4

Energy Management at the University of Melbourne.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program to reduce energy consumption and limit fuel expenditures at the University of Melbourne involved a study of consumption and facility usage, installation of a central energy monitoring system, and a university and public relations effort to enlist student and staff help. (MSE)

Marginson, R. D.

1980-01-01

5

Exploring bus transfer behaviour in metropolitan Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although passengers dislike transferring between routes, quality transit systems need to facilitate easy transfers to provide competitive city wide access to the private car. This paper reviews bus transfer behaviour in Melbourne, Australia and aims to understand factors which enable transfer behaviour with a particular focus on buses. The research also explores if high transfer rates can be associated with

Graham Currie; Chris Loader

2009-01-01

6

"COMMERCIAL UNION ASSURANCE CO. OF AUSTRALIA LIMITED MELBOURNE Grue. Insurance Ltd. Melbourne Associated Marine Insurers Agents pity. Ltd. Plaintiffs v. HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE CO. Defendant."  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: "COMMERCIAL UNION ASSURANCE CO. OF AUSTRALIA LIMITED MELBOURNE Grue. Insurance Ltd. Melbourne Associated Marine Insurers Agents pity. Ltd. Plaintiffs v. HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE CO. Defendant." ?

7

Food intakes of adult Melbourne Chinese.  

PubMed

Food intake patterns of 545 adult Melbourne Chinese were studied in 1988 and 1989 using a 220-item food-frequency questionnaire appropriate for Chinese eating practices. Men and women were compared, adjusting for age, time in Australia and education. Men consumed more rice and alcoholic beverages as energy. In women, the energy intake was derived from foods of traditional Chinese types. There were two types of consumption patterns: in the first group were those who acculturated towards an Australian way of eating by replacing some traditional Chinese foods, such as rice, pork, leafy green and cruciferous vegetables, soups and tea, with 'new foods', such as wheat products, red meats and coffee; in the second were those who limited their intake to a handful of traditional Chinese foods as the major source of energy. The educated, the professional and those with an administrative profession, the Australian-born and those with a longer length of stay fitted into the first group, and were more acculturated towards Australia than those born in the People's Republic of China or Vietnam and who migrated at an older age. The first group may benefit from the best of both worlds, but may risk the diseases of an industrialised society. The second group may be trapped at a cultural crossroads and may be unable to make appropriate food choices. Public health efforts in Australia, where one in every five is overseas-born, should provide for nutrition and health education for new and aged migrants of non-European cultural backgrounds. PMID:8616204

Hsu-Hage, B H; Ibiebele, T; Wahlqvist, M L

1995-12-01

8

Selling University Reform: The University of Melbourne and the Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the advent of the "Times Higher Education Supplement World University Rankings" and the "Academic Rankings of World Universities" by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, some Australian universities have become especially concerned with being ranked among the 100 leading universities. The University of Melbourne, Australia's second oldest…

Potts, Anthony

2012-01-01

9

Ethnic entrepreneurial business cluster development: Chinatowns in Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to review the concept of clustering and to examine both mature and newly evolved natural ethnic entrepreneurial business clusters in Melbourne, Australia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Phenomenological methodology was employed in this research. This qualitative research technique examines life experiences in an effort to understand and give them meaning. This method is seen to be appropriate as

Christopher Selvarajah; Eryadi K. Masli

2011-01-01

10

Radionuclide site survey report, Melbourne, Florida (RN-72). Final report  

SciTech Connect

The format and content of this report are based on guidance provided by the Preparatory Commission for the CTBT Organization for conducting and documenting radionuclide site surveys (see GTBT/PC/IV/WGB/1) ``Requirements of Site Surveys for Radionuclide Stations``, (30 September 1997). The purpose of this report is to validate that the Melbourne site will fulfill the requirements for treaty compliance.

Walker, F.; Lucas, J.; Owen, M.; McKethan, E.M.; MacCartney, J.

1998-11-16

11

Networked electronic information services at the Austin Hospital, Melbourne  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A wide area computer network has been installed at the Austin Hospital, Melbourne. The network consists of optic fiber segments between buildings, an ethernet spine through the main buildings and ethernet segments throughout each department. The network is connected to Internet via an ISDN link to the University of Melbourne computer network. The Austin hospital network is used for intra-hospital image distribution, external image distribution, internal and external electronic mail via Internet, electronic information access, file transfer via Internet, and remote login to Internet networked computers. Present and future developments include secure patient record access for internal users, confidential information transmission using public key encryption techniques, external dial-up connectivity for teleradiology, and research and development into medical image processing and analysis.

O'Keefe, Graeme J.; Egan, Gary F.; O'Callaghan, Daniel; McKay, W.; Hennessy, Oliver; Morrison, Iain

1994-05-01

12

Breastfeeding practices of ethnic Indian immigrant women in Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background The health benefits of breastfeeding are well documented in public health and medical literature worldwide. Despite this, global rates of breastfeeding steadily decline during the first couple of months postpartum. Although immigrant women have higher initiation rates and a longer duration of breastfeeding overall, breastfeeding practices are compromised because of a myriad of socioeconomic and cultural factors, including the acculturation process. The objective of this study was to show how acculturation and cultural identity influenced breastfeeding practices among Indian immigrants in Melbourne, Australia. Methods Twelve case studies were employed to gather narratives of women’s lived experiences. Ethnographic field research methods were used to collect data, including participant observation, semi-structured interviews, case studies, and life histories. This provided in-depth information from women on various aspects of the immigrant experience of motherhood, including infant care and feeding. Participants were opportunistically recruited from Indian obstetricians and gynaecologists. Women identifying as ethnic Indian and in their third trimester of pregnancy were recruited. Interviews were conducted in women’s homes in metropolitan Melbourne over a 12 month period between 2004 and 2005. Data were coded and analysed thematically. Results All women identified as ethnic Indian and initiated breastfeeding in accordance with their cultural identity. Social support and cultural connectivity impacted positively on duration of breastfeeding. However, acculturation (adopting Australian cultural values and gender norms, including returning to paid employment) negatively influenced breastfeeding duration. In addition, the high reliance of recent immigrants on the advice of healthcare professionals who gave inconsistent advice negatively affected exclusive breastfeeding. Conclusions For ethnic Indian immigrant women breastfeeding practice is closely linked to acculturation and identity construction, both personal and communal. The lack of social and cultural networks for recent immigrants prevents their involvement in the cultural systems that traditionally support breastfeeding. With this in mind, healthcare professionals should deliver services in a culturally appropriate and sensitive manner where women feel supported as well as empowered.

2013-01-01

13

Measuring food access in Melbourne: access to healthy and fast foods by car, bus and foot in an urban municipality in Melbourne. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Access to healthy food can be an important determinant of a healthy diet. This paper describes the assessment of access to healthy and unhealthy foods using a GIS accessibility programme in a large outer municipality of Melbourne. Access to a major supermarket was used as a proxy for access to a healthy diet and fast food outlet as proxy for access to unhealthy food.

14

Seasonal distribution of pollen in the atmosphere of melbourne: an airborne pollen calendar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental monitoring of pollen grains in the atmosphere of Melbourne has been achieved using Burkard volumetric traps. Twenty-two families of flowering plants and confiers were identified in the pollen counts. About 62% of these pollen grains belonged to trees, 20% to grasses and 9% to herbs and weedy plants. During spring and summer, the atmosphere contained about 70% of the

Eng Kok Ong; Mohan Bir Singh; Robert Bruce Knox

1995-01-01

15

Deployment of Ethanol Fuel Infrastructure for Federal Fleets in Melbourne-Titusville, Florida.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In January 2001, the Florida Technological Research and Development Authority (TRDA) received a grant from the U. S. Department of Energy to deploy ethanol-85 infrastructure in the Melbourne-Titusville, Florida area. The grant provided $90,925 from the De...

D. Kershaw

2006-01-01

16

Engaging Staff Communities in a Knowledge Transfer Strategy: A Case Study at the University of Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the framework of the strategic journey undertaken between 2005 and 2010, this paper seeks to examine how the University of Melbourne sought to differentiate itself through the introduction and reconceptualisation of a "third stream" of academic work. Specifically, this paper seeks to investigate, through qualitative methods, how those in…

Goodwill, Robyn J.

2012-01-01

17

Summarized proceedings of a conference on solid state physics - Melbourne, August 1959  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Branch of The Institute of Physics held a conference on solid state physics in Melbourne from 17-21 August, 1959. This conference was the first of its kind to be held in Australia and attracted an attendance of about one hundred and thirty. In all, 46 papers, ranging over a wide field, were presented and these are summarized; they

J F Nicholas

1960-01-01

18

ACER and University of Melbourne Music Evaluation Kit. Handbook and Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Melbourne Music Evaluation Kit (MEK) was designed to aid teachers of first-year secondary-school music classes to select appropriate curriculum materials related to the music backgrounds of class members, as indicated by scores on the kit. Tests included in the kit are criterion- referenced and are used as a diagnostic tool to measure…

Bryce, Jennifer

19

Attendance and pricing at sporting events: empirical results from Granger Causality Tests for the Melbourne Cup  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study applies Granger causality tests to examine the relationship between attendance, admission prices and real income at the Melbourne Cup, which is Australia’s premier horseracing event and one of the world’s leading handicap races. The motivation for the paper is that while market demand suggests that causation should run from admission price to attendance, it is equally plausible that

Paresh Kumar Narayan; Russell Smyth

2003-01-01

20

Narratives of sexual health risk and protection amongst young people from refugee backgrounds in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people with refugee backgrounds face many challenges when making their lives in a resettlement country and their sexual and reproductive health needs are often overlooked. This paper reports on sexual health literacy amongst recently arrived young refugees settling in Melbourne, Australia. Qualitative methods were used to explore how resettled youth access, interpret and implement sexual health information, with a

Celia McMichael; Sandra Gifford

2010-01-01

21

University of Melbourne Library Meeting the Challenges of Providing Information Literacy in a Networked Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the University of Melbourne (Australia) Library's response to the changing organizational environment. The first section provides background on the university and library, including the creation of a new position, Research Consultant, that was designed in response to concerns expressed by academics that the library was not…

Robertson, Sabina

22

Bicycle commuting in Melbourne during the 2000s energy crisis: A semiparametric analysis of intraday volumes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cycling is attracting renewed attention as a mode of transport in western urban environments, yet the determinants of usage are poorly understood. In this paper we investigate some of these using intraday bicycle volumes collected via induction loops located at ten bike paths in the city of Melbourne, Australia, between December 2005 and June 2008. The data are hourly counts

Michael S. Smith; Göran Kauermann

2011-01-01

23

Student Learning Centre (SLC) Embraces the New Melbourne Model of Teaching: Facilitating Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning is about discovery and change. As schools and universities look to the future, it is fundamental that they provide environments that facilitate collaborative learning and act as points for interaction and social activity. The redevelopment of the existing Engineering Library into a Student Learning Centre (SLC) embraces the new Melbourne

Ball, Sarah

2010-01-01

24

Being a "Wog" in Melbourne--Young People's Self-Fashioning through Discourses of Racism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Greek community in Melbourne, Australia, is large and has a long history in the city. It is diverse and associated with a range of cultural, social and political structures. It has strong transnational links and in many ways exemplifies "diasporic" in contradistinction to "migrant". This paper focuses on young people from this community,…

Tsolidis, Georgina; Pollard, Vikki

2009-01-01

25

Parental Imprisonment and Child Protection: A Study of Children Presented to the Melbourne Children's Court  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study funded by the Criminology Research Council, Australia, which set out to investigate the intersection between the child protection and criminal justice systems and the extent to which children before the Melbourne Children's Court on child protection matters had a parent currently in prison, awaiting sentencing, or previously in prison. Magistrates identified 156 children as

Rosemary Sheehan

2010-01-01

26

Competing frameworks in planning for the aged in the growth corridors of Melbourne.  

PubMed

The Ageing in the Growth Corridors Project was initiated as a partnership between the University of Melbourne and the Department of Health in the Northwest Metropolitan Region of Melbourne, Australia. It involved a research team working with six project officers appointed to stimulate development in relation to an aging population in the sprawling outer metropolitan growth corridors. This article identifies the key lessons learned in terms of project implementation relating to attitudinal and structural barriers to the development of an age-friendly environment in areas of rapid urban growth. The findings illustrate some of the dilemmas raised by competing program conceptions, a dynamic and changing federal/state policy context, and local resource and strategic management constraints. The partnership with the university, nevertheless, provided a point of stability and continuity for the project officers in implementing their mandate. PMID:24224881

Ozanne, Elizabeth; Biggs, Simon; Kurowski, William

2014-01-01

27

The biota and environment of fumaroles on Mt Melbourne, northern Victoria Land  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this investigation was to provide a general description of the biota and environment of fumarolic ground close to the summit (2733 m) of Mt Melbourne. Heat flow through the ground was examined and analyses made of the physico-chemical properties of the soil. Bryophyte vegetation comprisedCampylopus pyriformis (K.F. Schultz) Brid. andCephaloziella exiliflora (Tayl.) Steph. The former is a

Paul Broady I; David Given; Laurence Greenfield; Keith Thompson

1987-01-01

28

A wasting resource: public housing and drug use in inner?city Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public housing is one of few sources of low?income rental housing in inner?city Melbourne, Australia. Most of this housing is easily identifiable high?rise estates. Some of these estates have become established centres of heroin dealing and drug use. This has had significant consequences: applicants reject offers of housing on the estates; tenants apply for transfers; and housing officers face workplace

Tony Dalton; James Rowe

2004-01-01

29

The Melbourne Consensus Statement on the early detection of prostate cancer.  

PubMed

Various conflicting guidelines and recommendations about prostate cancer screening and early detection have left both clinicians and their patients quite confused. At the Prostate Cancer World Congress held in Melbourne in August 2013, a multidisciplinary group of the world's leading experts in this area gathered together and generated this set of consensus statements to bring some clarity to this confusion. The five consensus statements provide clear guidance for clinicians counselling their patients about the early detection of prostate cancer. PMID:24206066

Murphy, Declan G; Ahlering, Thomas; Catalona, William J; Crowe, Helen; Crowe, Jane; Clarke, Noel; Cooperberg, Matthew; Gillatt, David; Gleave, Martin; Loeb, Stacy; Roobol, Monique; Sartor, Oliver; Pickles, Tom; Wootten, Addie; Walsh, Patrick C; Costello, Anthony J

2014-02-01

30

The ‘asparagus’ Phytophthora infecting members of the Agavaceae at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

An undescribed species of Phytophthora, previously known only from asparagus, is reported causing a basal leaf rot leading to plant death in members of the Agavaceae\\u000a at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne. Ribosomal DNA ITS sequences of isolates collected from Agave species in 2000,2002 and 2004 were identical to isolates from Asparagus. The fungus has also been observed affecting Yucca

James H. Cunnington; Srikanthi de Alwis; Ian G. Pascoe; Peter Symes

2005-01-01

31

A new 'bio-comfort' perspective for Melbourne based on heat stress, air pollution and pollen.  

PubMed

Humans are at risk from exposure to extremes in their environment, yet there is no consistent way to fully quantify and understand the risk when considering more than just meteorological variables. An outdoor 'bio-comfort' threshold is defined for Melbourne, Australia using a combination of heat stress, air particulate concentration and grass pollen count, where comfortable conditions imply an ideal range of temperature, humidity and wind speed, acceptable levels of air particulates and a low pollen count. This is a new approach to defining the comfort of human populations. While other works have looked into the separate impacts of different variables, this is the first time that a unified bio-comfort threshold is suggested. Composite maps of surface pressure are used to illustrate the genesis and evolution of the atmospheric structures conducive to an uncomfortable day. When there is an uncomfortable day due to heat stress conditions in Melbourne, there is a high pressure anomaly to the east bringing warm air from the northern interior of Australia. This anomaly is part of a slow moving blocking high originating over the Indian Ocean. Uncomfortable days due to high particulate levels have an approaching cold front. However, for air particulate cases during the cold season there are stable atmospheric conditions enhanced by a blocking high emanating from Australia and linking with the Antarctic continent. Finally, when grass pollen levels are high, there are northerly winds carrying the pollen from rural grass lands to Melbourne, due to a stationary trough of low pressure inland. Analysis into days with multiple types of stress revealed that the atmospheric signals associated with each type of discomfort are present regardless of whether the day is uncomfortable due to one or multiple variables. Therefore, these bio-comfort results are significant because they offer a degree of predictability for future uncomfortable days in Melbourne. PMID:23404183

Jacobs, Stephanie J; Pezza, Alexandre B; Barras, Vaughan; Bye, John

2014-03-01

32

Parents? experiences of raising pre-school aged children in an outer-Melbourne growth corridor.  

PubMed

There is growing concern about the outer-suburbs in Australia as healthy places to raise children. This paper aimed to explore this from the perspectives of parents raising preschool-age children in an outer-Melbourne municipality. Findings showed that parents were positive about the natural environment as well as the provision of recreation areas and generally felt their neighbourhoods were a safe place for raising children. However, car-dependency, housing estate design and limited local job opportunities all appeared to contribute to social isolation amongst families. Using the Environments for Health Framework, this paper makes suggestions to improve liveability for families in this municipality. PMID:24681970

Andrews, Fiona Jane; Rich, Stephanie; Stockdale, Rebecca; Shelley, Julia

2014-05-01

33

Oral health in a convenience sample of Chinese older adults living in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  To present data on the dental and periodontal status of a convenience sample of 101 ambulant China-born older adults who now\\u000a live in Melbourne. These older adults participated in a study to assess the prevalence of specific oral diseases.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Participants were interviewed in Cantonese using a structured questionnaire and received an oral examination to assess dental\\u000a and periodontal status using

Rodrigo Mariño; Mike Morgan; Asuman Kiyak; Eli Schwarz; Syed Naqvi

34

Ruth Flockart and Dr Wood: A Crucial Relationship in the Development of Melbourne Methodist Ladies' College Music Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the notion that particular working relationships within school music programs can have a significant affect on the program's development and progress. To explore this notion the research focussed on the working relationship of a music teacher at Melbourne Methodist Ladies' College (MLC), Ruth Flockart (1891-1985) and the…

Jenkins, Louise

2011-01-01

35

The Melbourne Diabetes Prevention Study (MDPS): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Worldwide, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) prevalence has more than doubled over two decades. In Australia, diabetes is the second highest contributor to the burden of disease. Lifestyle modification programs comprising diet changes, weight loss and moderate physical activity, have been proven to reduce the incidence of T2DM in high risk individuals. As part of the Council of Australia Governments, the State of Victoria committed to develop and support the diabetes prevention program ‘Life! Taking action on diabetes’ (Life!) which has direct lineage from effective clinical and implementation trials from Finland and Australia. The Melbourne Diabetes Prevention Study (MDPS) has been set up to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a specific version of the Life! program. Methods/design We intend to recruit 796 participants for this open randomized clinical trial; 398 will be allocated to the intervention arm and 398 to the usual care arm. Several methods of recruitment will be used in order to maximize the number of participants. Individuals aged 50 to 75 years will be screened with a risk tool (AUSDRISK) to detect those at high risk of developing T2DM. Those with existing diabetes will be excluded. Intervention participants will undergo anthropometric and laboratory tests, and comprehensive surveys at baseline, following the fourth group session (approximately three months after the commencement of the intervention) and 12 months after commencement of the intervention, while control participants will undergo testing at baseline and 12 months only. The intervention consists of an initial individual session followed by a series of five structured-group sessions. The first four group sessions will be carried out at two week intervals and the fifth session will occur eight months after the first group session. The intervention is based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model and sessions will empower and enable the participants to follow the five goals of the Life! program. Discussion This study will determine whether the effect of this intervention is larger than the effect of usual care in reducing central obesity and cardiovascular risk factors and thus the risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Also it will evaluate how these two options compare economically. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12609000507280

2013-01-01

36

Use of eye care services by people with diabetes: the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project  

PubMed Central

AIM—The use of eye care services by people with and without diabetes was investigated in the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project (VIP), a population based study of eye disease in a representative sample of Melbourne residents 40 years of age and older.?METHODS—A comprehensive interview was employed to elicit information on history of diabetes, medication use, most recent visit to an ophthalmologist and optometrist, and basic demographic details. Presence and extent of diabetic retinopathy was determined by dilated fundus examination.?RESULTS—The Melbourne VIP comprised 3271 people who ranged in age from 40 to 98 years; 46.2% of them were male. Of 3189 people who had the fundus examination and knew their diabetes status, 162 (5.1%) reported having been previously diagnosed with diabetes and, of these, 37 (22.2%) were found to have diabetic retinopathy. Seven people (4.3%) had developed diabetes before age 30. The mean duration of diabetes was 9.2 years. People with diabetes were significantly more likely to have visited an ophthalmologist ever or in the past 2 years than people without diabetes. However, 31.8% of people with diabetes had never visited an ophthalmologist. The proportion of people who had never seen an ophthalmologist was 47.1% for people without diabetes, 34.2% for people with diabetes but without diabetic retinopathy, and 25% for people with diabetic retinopathy. Sixty one per cent of people with diabetic retinopathy had seen an ophthalmologist in the past year and a further 3% within the past 2 years. People with diabetes were not significantly more likely to have visited an optometrist than people without diabetes (p=0.51). Overall, 37.7% of people with diabetes and 32.9% of people without diabetes had visited an optometrist within the past year (?2=2.25, 1 df, p=0.13). Information concerning retinal examinations was available for 135 individuals (83.3% of people with diabetes). Only 74 (54.8%) could recall ever having a dilated fundus examination; 10 (14%) by an optometrist, 62 (86%) by an ophthalmologist, and five (7%) by a general practitioner. Of those 68 people who had seen an ophthalmologist in the past 2 years, 48 (71%) reported a dilated fundus examination during that time. This compares with 28 (43%) reported dilated fundus examinations in the 65 people who had seen an optometrist in the past 2 years. This finding is statistically significant (?2=10.2, 1 df, p<0.005).?CONCLUSION—These results indicate that nearly half of people with diabetes in Melbourne are not receiving adequate screening or follow up for diabetic retinopathy, despite universal health care.?? Keywords: diabetes; diabetic retinopathy; screening guidelines

McCarty, C.; Lloyd-Smith, C.; Lee, S.; Livingston, P.; Stanislavsky, Y.; Taylor, H.

1998-01-01

37

Role and function of a paediatric clinical ethics service: experiences at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne.  

PubMed

This article explores and analyses the role and functions of a clinical ethics service in paediatrics. It is based on the experiences of developing ethics capacity at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, which has evolved since 2002 from a multidisciplinary advisory panel into Australia's first dedicated paediatric Children's Bioethics Centre, which opened in 2008. The ultimate goal is building ethics capacity and literacy across the hospital and continuing to support clinical staff managing patients and their families in ethically problematic cases. This is achieved through current case consultation, education and training, research and institutional policy, and guideline development. The experience of building a clinical ethics service has led to many changes to its structure over the years, with issues like timeliness of meeting, constitution of the group and referral and reporting structures arising as key elements of evolution. Challenges include resourcing and structure, institutional support, and family involvement in ethics consultations. PMID:21951448

Gold, Hugo; Hall, Georgina; Gillam, Lynn

2011-09-01

38

Screening of ornamental plants from the Botanic Gardens of Melbourne and Adelaide for the occurrence of Erwinia amylovora  

Microsoft Academic Search

Host plants of Erwinia amylovora in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Melbourne (RBGM) and the Adelaide Botanic Gardens (ABG) were inspected for symptoms of fire\\u000a blight including dieback, and shoot and stem cankers. Forty five symptomatic plants were sampled and concurrently tested for\\u000a the presence of E. amylovora at the Institute for Horticultural Development, Victoria; Macquarie University, New South Wales;

S. JockA; B. RodoniB; M. Gillingsc; W.-S. Kim; C. Copes; P. Merriman; K. Geider

2000-01-01

39

Yearlong, high-resolution, urban airshed modelling: verification of TAPM predictions of smog and particles in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

CSIRO's coupled meteorological and pollutant chemical dispersion model, the Air Pollution Model (TAPM), and the EPA Victoria multi-pollutant emission inventory for the Port Phillip region (including Melbourne—covering a region of approximately 24,000km2) were used to simulate 1 year of hourly averaged air pollution concentrations for smog and particles, both without and with meteorological data assimilation. Model results have been compared

Peter Hurley; Peter Manins; Sunhee Lee; Rhonda Boyle; Yuk Leung Ng; Piyaratne Dewundege

2003-01-01

40

Trends in agreements between regular partners among gay men in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia.  

PubMed

Between 1998 and 2007, 51,449 Gay Community Periodic Survey questionnaires were completed in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia. These included 23,424 where the respondents reported currently being in a relationship with a regular male partner. About 90% of men with a regular partner had been tested for HIV, and about three quarters had tested HIV-negative. Between 1998 and 2007 there was an increase in the proportion of men in HIV-negative seroconcordant relationships. About three quarters of men with a regular partner had negotiated an agreement about sex within their relationship. There was little change over time in the likelihood of having negotiated such agreements. There were, however, changes over time in the nature of these negotiated agreements: Over time, more men in HIV-discordant relationships permitted unprotected anal intercourse with their regular partners (P-trend < .001); among men in HIV-negative concordant relationships, an increasing proportion required a monogamous arrangement with their regular partner (P-trend < .001); and over time, fewer men in general required consistent condom use with casual partners (P-trend < .001). Some of these changes in negotiated agreements represent an increase in the potential risk of HIV transmission. PMID:18188690

Prestage, Garrett; Jin, Fengyi; Zablotska, Iryna; Grulich, Andrew; Imrie, John; Kaldor, John; Honnor, Geoff; Kippax, Susan

2008-05-01

41

Sex partying among gay men in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia.  

PubMed

Group sex is relatively common among gay men, and is a likely risk factor for infection with HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STI). The 5,432 participants in the 2008 Gay Community Periodic Survey in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia, were asked about their participation in group sex. Nearly half (44.0%) of those who reported sex with casual male partners in the previous 6 months also reported engaging in group sex. Among other factors, using drugs odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (CI) (OR = 1.89, CI = 1.61-2.21), being HIV-positive (OR = 1.62, CI = 1.13-2.32), and engaging in anal intercourse, both with a condom (OR = 3.03, CI = 2.46-3.73) and without a condom (OR = 5.68, CI = 4.53-7.12) were independently associated with having engaged in group sex. This study suggests that gay men who engage in group sex represent an important priority for targeted HIV and STI prevention activities and research. PMID:20945156

Prestage, Garrett; Down, Ian; Grulich, Andrew; Zablotska, Iryna

2011-02-01

42

Does age affect sexual behaviour among gay men in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia?  

PubMed

Concern internationally that young gay men are at increased risk of HIV infection has not been reflected in earlier findings in Australia where younger men have not been found to be at increased likelihood to engage in unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners (UAIC). There has, however, been little attention paid to the issue of age in relation to HIV risk behaviour in Australia in recent years. In 2007, among men who completed Gay Community Periodic Survey questionnaires in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, Australia, younger men were more likely to report being in relatively short-term monogamous relationships than were their older counterparts. They were also less likely to know their own or their partners' HIV serostatus. Men aged less than 25 years reported fewer recent partners and were less likely to report sex with casual male partners in the previous six months (p<0.001). Younger men were also less likely to engage in group sex. Approximately, one-quarter of the sample reported engaging in any UAIC in the previous six months during each year of the survey. Younger men were no less likely to report UAIC overall, but they were somewhat more likely to report taking the receptive position during UAIC. While age is a consideration in the assessment of risk of HIV transmission among gay men, this risk is dependent upon the context in which it occurs: Age mixing may be an important consideration in understanding HIV risk among young gay men. PMID:20024768

Prestage, Garrett; Kippax, Susan; Jin, Fengyi; Frankland, Andrew; Imrie, John; Grulich, Andrew E; Zablotska, Iryna

2009-09-01

43

Musculoskeletal injuries in the ultramarathon: the 1990 Westfield Sydney to Melbourne run.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To document the injuries sustained by participants in a 1005 km ultramarathon. METHODS: Clinical notes were reviewed on entrants in the 1005 km Sydney to Melbourne ultramarathon. An injury was recorded following self referral by a participant or if the history obtained from the runner or his support crew indicated the likelihood of a significant injury which could have an impact upon performance. RESULTS: 64 injuries were found in 32 runners. The knee (31.3%) and ankle (28.1%) regions were most commonly injured. The most common single diagnosis was retropatellar pain syndrome, and Achilles tendinitis and medial tibial stress syndrome were the next most common injuries. Peritendinitis/tendinitis of the tendons passing under the extensor retinaculum at the ankle, an injury infrequently reported in other sports, was common (19% of all injuries). CONCLUSIONS: The injuries were typically associated with running but 12 (19% of the total) involved the tendons of the muscles of the anterior compartment of the lower leg, and in almost every case the major site of inflammation was at the extensor retinaculum at the anterior aspect of the ankle. This injury appears to be relatively specific to the ultramarathon-"ultramarathoner's ankle". Images p321-a

Fallon, K E

1996-01-01

44

Offline evaluation of the Community Land Model - Urban for Toulouse (France) and Melbourne (Australia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban climate models provide a useful tool for assessing the impacts of urban land surface modification on urban climates. It provides a mechanism for trialling different scenarios for urban heat island mitigation. Only recently, urban land surfaces have been included in global and regional climate models. Often they represent a trade-off between the complexity of the biophysical processes of the urban canopy layer and the computational demands in order to be workable on regional climate time scales. This study employs the Community Land Model (CLM) which was recently extended with a single layer urban canopy scheme (CLM-U). And although it is primarily developed as a tool for regional climate scales, we intent to extend its reach and use it for local (neighborhood) scales in a changing climate context. Hence, an off-line validation is performed using meteorological observations for Toulouse (France) and multiple medium density urban areas in Melbourne (Australia). Model results are evaluated against observations of the surface energy balance from flux towers, including evapotranspiration, and show that the model is able to correctly address (urban) energy partitioning including high urban heat storage, and low evapotranspiration rates. Furthermore an investigation was undertaken to explore first of all the capacity of the model to incorporate Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) features, mimicking vegetated and non-vegetated infiltration systems, open water bodies and other green infrastructure. In a second step, the effectiveness of WSUD integration scenarios are also compared with other common mitigation strategies such as increasing albedo and controlling urban morphology.

Demuzere, M.; Coutts, A.; van Lipzig, N. P. M.; Oleson, K.

2012-04-01

45

Depression literacy among Australians of Chinese-speaking background in Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background This study investigated the knowledge of depression and preference for professional help, medications and treatment methods among Australians of Chinese-speaking background, and the perceptions of this population of the causes of mental illness. Methods Adopting a cluster convenience sampling method, the study recruited 200 Chinese-speaking subjects from four major areas in metropolitan Melbourne where many Chinese live. The respondents were presented with a vignette describing an individual with depression and then asked questions to assess their understanding of depression and preference for professional help, medications and treatment methods. A comparative approach was used to compare the findings with those of a previous study of the mental health literacy of Australian and Japanese adults. Results Compared to the Australian and Japanese samples, a much lower percentage of Chinese-speaking Australians (14%) could correctly identify major depression described in the vignette, and a higher percentage believed that counseling professionals could be helpful. Higher percentages of those who believed that close family members could be helpful were found in the Chinese-speaking Australian and Japanese samples, and these two groups also expressed more uncertainty about the usefulness or harmfulness of certain medications compared to the Australian sample. Higher percentages of respondents in both the Chinese-speaking Australian and the Australian sample considered "lifestyle changes" to be helpful compared to the Japanese sample. In the Chinese-speaking sample, 30%, 17.4%, 33% and 27% of the respondents rated "traditional Chinese medicine doctors," "Chinese herbal medications," "taking Chinese nutritional foods/supplements" and "qiqong" as helpful. Many perceived "changing fungshui" and "traditional Chinese worship" to be harmful. Regarding the perception of causes of mental illness, items related to psychosocial perspectives including "life stress" and "interpersonal conflict" were rated highly by the respondents, whereas traditional beliefs including "punishment for misdeeds conducted by ancestors" and "demon possession" had the lowest ratings. Conclusions Campaigns to increase the mental health literacy of Chinese-speaking Australians are needed. The abovementioned socially and culturally driven beliefs need to be taken into consideration in the development of culturally relevant education programs.

2010-01-01

46

Does parkland influence walking? The relationship between area of parkland and walking trips in Melbourne, Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Using two different measures of park area, at three buffer distances, we sought to investigate the ways in which park area and proximity to parks, are related to the frequency of walking (for all purposes) in Australian adults. Little previous research has been conducted in this area, and results of existing research have been mixed. Methods Residents of 50 urban areas in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia completed a physical activity survey (n = 2305). Respondents reported how often they walked for ?10 minutes in the previous month. Walking frequency was dichotomised to ‘less than weekly’ (less than 1/week) and ‘at least weekly’ (1/week or more). Using Geographic Information Systems, Euclidean buffers were created around each respondent’s home at three distances: 400metres (m), 800 m and 1200 m. Total area of parkland in each person’s buffer was calculated for the three buffers. Additionally, total area of ‘larger parks’, (park space???park with Australian Rules Football oval (17,862 m2)), was calculated for each set of buffers. Area of park was categorised into tertiles for area of all parks, and area of larger parks (the lowest tertile was used as the reference category). Multilevel logistic regression, with individuals nested within areas, was used to estimate the effect of area of parkland on walking frequency. Results No statistically significant associations were found between walking frequency and park area (total and large parks) within 400 m of respondent’s homes. For total park area within 800 m, the odds of walking at least weekly were lower for those in the mid (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.46-0.91) and highest (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.44-0.95) tertile of park area compared to those living in areas with the least amount of park area. Similar results were observed for total park area in the 1200 m buffers. When only larger parks were investigated, again more frequent walking was less likely when respondents had access to a greater amount of park area. Conclusions In this study we found that more park area in residential environments reduced the odds of walking more frequently. Other area characteristics such as street connectivity and destinations may underlie these associations by negatively correlating with park area.

2012-01-01

47

Observation and modelling of stable isotopes in precipitation for midlatitude weather systems in Melbourne, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of stable water isotopes as tracers of moisture throughout the hydrological cycle is often hindered by the relatively coarse temporal and spatial resolution of observational data. Intensive observation periods (IOPs) of isotopes in precipitation have been valuable in this regard enabling the quantification of the effects of vapour recycling, convection, cloud top height and droplet reevaporation (Dansgaard, 1953; Miyake et al., 1968; Gedzelman and Lawrence, 1982; 1990; Pionke and DeWalle, 1992; Risi et al., 2008; 2009) and have been used as a basis to develop isotope models of varying complexity (Lee and Fung, 2008; Bony et al., 2008). This study took a unified approach combining observation and modelling of stable isotopes in precipitation in an investigation of three key circulation types that typically bring rainfall to southeastern Australia. The observational component of this study involved the establishment of the Melbourne University Network of Isotopes in Precipitation (MUNIP). MUNIP was devised to sample rainwater simultaneously at a number of collection sites across greater Melbourne to record the spatial and temporal isotopic variability of precipitation during the passage of particular events. Samples were collected at half-hourly intervals for three specific rain events referred to as (1) mixed-frontal, (2) convective, and (3) stratiform. It was found that the isotopic content for each event varied over both high and low frequencies due to influences from local changes in rain intensity and large scale rainout respectively. Of particular note was a positive relationship between deuterium excess and rainfall amount under convective conditions. This association was less well defined for stratiform rainfall. As a supplement to the data coverage of the observations, the events were simulated using a version of NCAR CAM3 running with an isotope hydrology scheme. This was done by periodically nudging the model dynamics with data from the NCEP Reanalysis (Noone, 2006). Results from the simulations showed that the model represented well the large scale evolution of vapour profiles of deuterium excess and 18O for the mixed-frontal and stratiform events. Reconstruction of air mass trajectories provided further detail of the evolution and structure of the vapour profiles revealing a convergence of air masses from different source regions for the mixed-frontal event. By combining observations and modelling in this way, much detail of the structure and isotope moisture history of the observed events was provided that would be unavailable from the sampling of precipitation alone. References Bony, S., C. Risi, and F. Vimeux (2008), Influence of convective processes on the isotopic composition (?18O and ?D) of precipitation and water vapor in the tropics: 1. Radiative-convective equilibrium and Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere-Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response (TOGA-COARE) simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D19305, doi:10.1029/2008JD009942. Dansgaard, W. (1953), The abundance of 18O in atmospheric water and water vapor. Tellus, 5, 461-469. Gedzelman, S. D., and J. R. Lawrence (1982), The isotopic composition of cyclonic precipitation. J. App. Met., 21, 1385-1404. Gedzelman, S. D., and J. R. Lawrence (1990), The isotopic composition of precipitation from two extratropical cyclones, Mon. Weather Rev., 118 , 495-509. Lee, J., and I. Fung (2008), 'Amount effect' of water isotopes and quantitative analysis of post-condensation processes, Hydrol. Process., 22, 1-8. Miyake, Y., O. Matsubaya, and C. Nishihara (1968), An isotopic study on meteoric precipitation, Pap. Meteorol. Geophys., 19, 243-266. Noone, D. (2006), Isotopic composition of water vapor modeled by constraining global climate simulations with reanalyses, in Research activities in atmospheric and oceanic modeling, J. Côté (ed.), Report No. 36, WMO/TD-No. 1347, p. 2.37-2.38. Pionke, H. B., and D. R. DeWalle (1992), Intra- and inter-storm 18O trends for selected rainstorms in Pennsylvania. J. Hydrol., 138, 131-143. Risi, C., S. Bony, and F. Vimeux (20

Barras, Vaughan; Simmonds, Ian

2010-05-01

48

The evolving market structures of gambling: case studies modelling the socioeconomic assignment of gaming machines in Melbourne and Sydney, Australia.  

PubMed

The expansion of gambling industries worldwide is intertwined with the growing government dependence on gambling revenue for fiscal assignments. In Australia, electronic gaming machines (EGMs) have dominated recent gambling industry growth. As EGMs have proliferated, growing recognition has emerged that EGM distribution closely reflects levels of socioeconomic disadvantage. More machines are located in less advantaged regions. This paper analyses time-series socioeconomic distributions of EGMs in Melbourne, Australia, an immature EGM market, and then compares the findings with the mature market in Sydney. Similar findings in both cities suggest that market assignment of EGMs transcends differences in historical and legislative environments. This indicates that similar underlying structures are evident in both markets. Modelling the spatial structures of gambling markets provides an opportunity to identify regions most at risk of gambling related problems. Subsequently, policies can be formulated which ensure fiscal revenue from gambling can be better targeted towards regions likely to be most afflicted by excessive gambling-related problems. PMID:12375384

Marshall, David C; Baker, Robert G V

2002-01-01

49

Fibrinogen Melbourne: a novel congenital hypodysfibrinogenemia caused by ?326Cys-Phe in the fibrinogen ? chain, presenting as massive splanchnic venous thrombosis.  

PubMed

Congenital dysfibrinogenemias are characterized by structural abnormalities in fibrinogen, which may lead to abnormal function. Fibrinogen has critical roles in coagulation, platelet aggregation and fibrinolysis; accordingly, abnormal fibrinogen function can result in a clinical phenotype, which varies from asymptomatic (around 55%) to bleeding (25%) and/or thrombosis (20%). We describe a novel ?326Cys?Phe mutation in the fibrinogen ? gene causing hypodysfibrinogenemia associated with life-threatening thrombosis in a family from Melbourne, Australia. PMID:22760446

Cheah, Chan Y; Brennan, Stephen O; Kennedy, Hannah; Januszewicz, Elchanan H; Maxwell, Ellen; Burbury, Kate

2012-09-01

50

Epidemiology of Astrovirus Infection in Young Children Hospitalized with Acute Gastroenteritis in Melbourne, Australia, over a Period of Four Consecutive Years, 1995 to 1998  

PubMed Central

The incidence of astrovirus infection in children less than 5 years of age hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Melbourne, Australia, from 1995 to 1998 was determined. Astrovirus was detected in 40 of 449 specimens tested by Northern hybridization, and astrovirus infection was confirmed by reverse transcription-PCR with or without culture in CaCO-2 cells. This represented 3.0% (40 of 1,327) of all children tested for enteric pathogens, including viral, bacterial, and parasitic pathogens, over the survey period. The incidences of astrovirus infection in each year were 4.4% (1995), 2.2% (1996), 3.9% (1997), and 1.4% (1998). In 1995 and 1997, the incidences of astrovirus infection were greater than the incidence of infection with all individual bacterial pathogens and were either greater than or equal to the incidence of adenovirus infection. Astrovirus exhibited an unusual biennial winter peak of incidence that correlated with a greater incidence of serotype 1 virus and an increased rate of hospitalization of children aged 6 to 12 months. Uncommon (serotype 2 and 4) and rare (serotype 8) serotypes were detected during the survey period. Genetic analysis of ORF2 (which encodes the astrovirus capsid precursor) of Melbourne isolates showed nucleotide sequence variation from year to year. This was not accompanied by significant amino acid substitutions. However, geographical variation was apparent by comparison of Melbourne astrovirus isolates with prototype strains identified in the United Kingdom.

Mustafa, Huseyin; Palombo, Enzo A.; Bishop, Ruth F.

2000-01-01

51

Effect of climate change and variability on extreme rainfall intensity-frequency-duration relationships: a case study of Melbourne  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increased frequency and magnitude of extreme rainfall events due to anthropogenic climate change, and decadal and multi-decadal climate variability question the stationary climate assumption. The possible violation of stationarity in climate can cause erroneous estimation of design rainfalls derived from extreme rainfall frequency analysis. This may result in significant consequences for infrastructure and flood protection projects since design rainfalls are essential input for design of these projects. Therefore, there is a need to conduct frequency analysis of extreme rainfall events in the context of non-stationarity, when non-stationarity is present in extreme rainfall events. A methodology consisting of, threshold selection, extreme rainfall data (peaks over threshold data) construction, trend and non-stationarity analysis, and stationary and non-stationary Generalized Pareto Distribution (GPD) models was developed in this paper to investigate trends and non-stationarity in extreme rainfall events, and potential impacts of climate change and variability on Intensity-Frequency-Duration (IFD) relationships. The developed methodology was successfully implemented using rainfall data from an observation station in Melbourne (Australia) for storm durations ranging from 6 min to 72 h. Although statistically significant trends were detected in extreme rainfall data for storm durations of 30 min, and 3 and 48 h, statistical non-stationarity tests and non-stationary GPD models did not indicate non-stationarity for these storm durations and other storm durations. It was also found that the stationary GPD models were capable of fitting extreme rainfall data for all storm durations. Furthermore, the IFD analysis showed that urban flash flood producing hourly rainfall intensities have increased over time.

Yilmaz, A. G.; Hossain, I.; Perera, B. J. C.

2014-06-01

52

Change in Body Size and Mortality: Results from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background The association between change in weight or body mass index, and mortality is widely reported, however, both measures fail to account for fat distribution. Change in waist circumference, a measure of central adiposity, in relation to mortality has not been studied extensively. Methods We investigated the association between mortality and changes in directly measured waist circumference, hips circumference and weight from baseline (1990–1994) to wave 2 (2003–2007) in a prospective cohort study of people aged 40–69 years at baseline. Cox regression, with age as the time metric and follow-up starting at wave 2, adjusted for confounding variables, was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for change in body size in relation to mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Results There were 1465 deaths (109 cancer, 242 cardiovascular disease) identified during an average 7.7 years of follow-up from 21 298 participants. Compared to minimal increase in body size, loss of waist circumference (HR: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.09–1.47), weight (1.80; 1.54–2.11), or hips circumference (1.35; 1.15–1.57) were associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality, particularly for older adults. Weight loss was associated with cardiovascular disease mortality (2.40; 1.57–3.65) but change in body size was not associated with obesity-related cancer mortality. Conclusion This study confirms the association between weight loss and increased mortality from all-causes for older adults. Based on evidence from observational cohort studies, weight stability may be the recommended option for most adults, especially older adults.

Karahalios, Amalia; Simpson, Julie A.; Baglietto, Laura; MacInnis, Robert J.; Hodge, Allison M.; Giles, Graham G.; English, Dallas R.

2014-01-01

53

A parent focused child obesity prevention intervention improves some mother obesity risk behaviors: the Melbourne inFANT Program  

PubMed Central

Background The diets, physical activity and sedentary behavior levels of both children and adults in Australia are suboptimal. The family environment, as the first ecological niche of children, exerts an important influence on the onset of children’s habits. Parent modeling is one part of this environment and a logical focus for child obesity prevention initiatives. The focus on parent’s own behaviors provides a potential opportunity to decrease obesity risk behaviors in parents as well. Objective To assess the effect of a parent-focused early childhood obesity prevention intervention on first-time mothers’ diets, physical activity and TV viewing time. Methods The Melbourne InFANT Program is a cluster-randomized controlled trial which involved 542 mothers over their newborn’s first 18?months of life. The intervention focused on parenting skills and strategies, including parental modeling, and aimed to promote development of healthy child and parent behaviors from birth, including healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced TV viewing time. Data regarding mothers’ diet (food frequency questionnaire), physical activity and TV viewing times (self-reported questionnaire) were collected using validated tools at both baseline and post-intervention. Four dietary patterns were derived at baseline using principal components analyses including frequencies of 55 food groups. Analysis of covariance was used to measure the impact of the intervention. Results The scores of both the "High-energy snack and processed foods" and the "High-fat foods" dietary patterns decreased more in the intervention group: -0.22 (?0.42;-0.02) and ?0.25 (?0.50;-0.01), respectively. No other significant intervention vs. control effects were observed regarding total physical activity, TV viewing time, and the two other dietary patterns, i.e. “Fruits and vegetables” and “Cereals and sweet foods”. Conclusions These findings suggest that supporting first-time mothers to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors in their infants impacts maternal dietary intakes positively. Further research needs to assess ways in which we might further enhance those lifestyle behaviors not impacted by the InFANT intervention.

2012-01-01

54

Scaling-up from an implementation trial to state-wide coverage: results from the preliminary Melbourne Diabetes Prevention Study  

PubMed Central

Background The successful Greater Green Triangle Diabetes Prevention Program (GGT DPP), a small implementation trial, has been scaled-up to the Victorian state-wide ‘Life!’ programme with over 10,000 individuals enrolled. The Melbourne Diabetes Prevention Study (MDPS) is an evaluation of the translation from the GGT DPP to the Life! programme. We report results from the preliminary phase (pMDPS) of this evaluation. Methods The pMDPS is a randomised controlled trial with 92 individuals aged 50 to 75 at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes randomised to Life! or usual care. Intervention consisted of six structured 90-minute group sessions: five fortnightly sessions and the final session at 8 months. Participants underwent anthropometric and laboratory tests at baseline and 12 months, and provided self-reported psychosocial, dietary, and physical activity measures. Intervention group participants additionally underwent these tests at 3 months. Paired t tests were used to analyse within-group changes over time. Chi-square tests were used to analyse differences between groups in goals met at 12 months. Differences between groups for changes over time were tested with generalised estimating equations and analysis of covariance. Results Intervention participants significantly improved at 12 months in mean body mass index (?0.98 kg/m2, standard error (SE)?=?0.26), weight (?2.65 kg, SE?=?0.72), waist circumference (?7.45 cm, SE?=?1.15), and systolic blood pressure (?3.18 mmHg, SE?=?1.26), increased high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (0.07 mmol/l, SE?=?0.03), reduced energy from total (?2.00%, SE?=?0.78) and saturated fat (?1.54%, SE?=?0.41), and increased fibre intake (1.98 g/1,000 kcal energy, SE?=?0.47). In controls, oral glucose at 2 hours deteriorated (0.59 mmol/l, SE?=?0.27). Only waist circumference reduced significantly (?4.02 cm, SE?=?0.95). Intervention participants significantly outperformed controls over 12 months for body mass index and fibre intake. After baseline adjustment, they also showed greater weight loss and reduced saturated fat versus total energy intake. At least 5% weight loss was achieved by 32% of intervention participants versus 0% controls. Conclusions pMDPS results indicate that scaling-up from implementation trial to state-wide programme is possible. The system design for Life! was fit for purpose of scaling-up from efficacy to effectiveness. Trial registration Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12609000507280

2012-01-01

55

Preschool Italian in Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten in Victoria, Australia is the preschool year, attended by children who are four going on five, and who will go onto primary school the following year. These are part-time programs, run over a small number of sessions per week, typically for 3-5 hours per session for 10-12 hours per week. North West Brunswick Kindergarten, in the…

Hannan, Siobhan

2010-01-01

56

MelbourneDAC  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Fifth International Digital Arts and Culture Conference was held in May 2003. Nearly 70 papers presented at the event can be viewed online at this Web site. The papers cover a wide range of topics, including Internet shopping, virtual worlds, and multimedia animations. But, one of the most common themes of the conference's proceedings deals with the psychological and technical aspects of video games. Having seen enormous growth in the past few years, especially with the great popularity of online community games, this topic naturally drew the attention of researchers worldwide. Many interesting insights are given in the papers, including one that investigates the relationship between video games and art.

2005-11-01

57

The Impact of "Unseasonably" Warm Spring Temperatures on Acute Myocardial Infarction Hospital Admissions in Melbourne, Australia: A City with a Temperate Climate  

PubMed Central

The effects of extreme temperatures on human health have been well described. However, the adverse health effects of warm weather that occurs outside the summer period have had little attention. We used daily anomalous AMI morbidity and daily anomalous temperature to determine the impact of “unseasonable” temperature on human health. The “unseasonably” warm weather was attributed to a slow moving high pressure system to the east of Melbourne. No morbidity displacement was noted during either of these periods suggesting that morbidity due to “unseasonable” temperatures is avoidable. An increase in warmer weather during the cooler months of spring may result in increased morbidity, and an alert system based on summer thresholds may not be appropriate for early season heat health warnings. A straightforward alert system based on calculating anomalous temperature from daily weather forecasts may reduce the public health impact of “unseasonably” warm weather.

Tapper, Nigel; Loughnan, Terence

2014-01-01

58

The impact of "unseasonably" warm spring temperatures on acute myocardial infarction hospital admissions in Melbourne, Australia: a city with a temperate climate.  

PubMed

The effects of extreme temperatures on human health have been well described. However, the adverse health effects of warm weather that occurs outside the summer period have had little attention. We used daily anomalous AMI morbidity and daily anomalous temperature to determine the impact of "unseasonable" temperature on human health. The "unseasonably" warm weather was attributed to a slow moving high pressure system to the east of Melbourne. No morbidity displacement was noted during either of these periods suggesting that morbidity due to "unseasonable" temperatures is avoidable. An increase in warmer weather during the cooler months of spring may result in increased morbidity, and an alert system based on summer thresholds may not be appropriate for early season heat health warnings. A straightforward alert system based on calculating anomalous temperature from daily weather forecasts may reduce the public health impact of "unseasonably" warm weather. PMID:25002870

Loughnan, Margaret; Tapper, Nigel; Loughnan, Terence

2014-01-01

59

Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne - what does e-publication mean for you?  

PubMed

Changes to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature are decided on every 6 years at Nomenclature Sections associated with International Botanical Congresses (IBC). The XVIII IBC was held in Melbourne, Australia; the Nomenclature Section met on 18-22 July 2011 and its decisions were accepted by the Congress at its plenary session on 30 July. Several important changes were made to the Code as a result of this meeting that will affect publication of new names. Two of these changes will come into effect on 1 January 2012, some months before the Melbourne Code is published. Electronic material published online in Portable Document Format (PDF) with an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) or an International Standard Book Number (ISBN) will constitute effective publication, and the requirement for a Latin description or diagnosis for names of new taxa will be changed to a requirement for a description or diagnosis in either Latin or English. In addition, effective from 1 January 2013, new names of organisms treated as fungi must, in order to be validly published, include in the protologue (everything associated with a name at its valid publication) the citation of an identifier issued by a recognized repository (such as MycoBank). Draft text of the new articles dealing with electronic publication is provided and best practice is outlined. To encourage dissemination of the changes made to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, this article will be published in BMC Evolutionary Biology, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Brittonia, Cladistics, MycoKeys, Mycotaxon, New Phytologist, North American Fungi, Novon, Opuscula Philolichenum, PhytoKeys, Phytoneuron, Phytotaxa, Plant Diversity and Resources, Systematic Botany and Taxon. PMID:21917189

Knapp, Sandra; McNeill, John; Turland, Nicholas J

2011-01-01

60

Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne - what does e-publication mean for you?  

PubMed Central

Changes to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature are decided on every 6 years at Nomenclature Sections associated with International Botanical Congresses (IBC). The XVIII IBC was held in Melbourne, Australia; the Nomenclature Section met on 18-22 July 2011 and its decisions were accepted by the Congress at its plenary session on 30 July. Several important changes were made to the Code as a result of this meeting that will affect publication of new names. Two of these changes will come into effect on 1 January 2012, some months before the Melbourne Code is published. Electronic material published online in Portable Document Format (PDF) with an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) or an International Standard Book Number (ISBN) will constitute effective publication, and the requirement for a Latin description or diagnosis for names of new taxa will be changed to a requirement for a description or diagnosis in either Latin or English. In addition, effective from 1 January 2013, new names of organisms treated as fungi must, in order to be validly published, include in the protologue (everything associated with a name at its valid publication) the citation of an identifier issued by a recognized repository (such as MycoBank). Draft text of the new articles dealing with electronic publication is provided and best practice is outlined. To encourage dissemination of the changes made to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, this article will be published in BMC Evolutionary Biology, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Brittonia, Cladistics, MycoKeys, Mycotaxon, New Phytologist, North American Fungi, Novon, Opuscula Philolichenum, PhytoKeys, Phytoneuron, Phytotaxa, Plant Diversity and Resources, Systematic Botany and Taxon.

2011-01-01

61

Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne - what does e-publication mean for you?  

PubMed Central

Abstract Changes to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature are decided on every 6 years at Nomenclature Sections associated with International Botanical Congresses (IBC). The XVIII IBC was held in Melbourne, Australia; the Nomenclature Section met on 18-22 July 2011 and its decisions were accepted by the Congress at its plenary session on 30 July. Several important changes were made to the Code as a result of this meeting that will affect publication of new names. Two of these changes will come into effect on 1 January 2012, some months before the Melbourne Code is published. Electronic material published online in Portable Document Format (PDF) with an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) or an International Standard Book Number (ISBN) will constitute effective publication, and the requirement for a Latin description or diagnosis for names of new taxa will be changed to a requirement for a description or diagnosis in either Latin or English. In addition, effective from 1 January 2013, new names of organisms treated as fungi must, in order to be validly published, include in the protologue (everything associated with a name at its valid publication) the citation of an identifier issued by a recognized repository (such as MycoBank). Draft text of the new articles dealing with electronic publication is provided and best practice is outlined. To encourage dissemination of the changes made to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, this article will be published in BMC Evolutionary Biology, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Brittonia, Cladistics, MycoKeys, Mycotaxon, New Phytologist, North American Fungi, Novon, Opuscula Philolichenum, PhytoKeys, Phytoneuron, Phytotaxa, Plant Diversity and Resources, Systematic Botany and Taxon.

Knapp, Sandra; McNeill, John; Turland, Nicholas J.

2011-01-01

62

Screening for potential effects of endocrine-disrupting chemicals in peri-urban creeks and rivers in Melbourne, Australia using mosquitofish and recombinant receptor-reporter gene assays.  

PubMed

Sexually mature male mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) were collected from various sites around Melbourne in 2009 to evaluate the performance of gonopodial indices as a biomarker for endocrine disruption in Melbourne's waterways. The mosquitofish indices assessed were body length (BL), gonopodial length (GL)/BL ratio, ray 4:6 ratio and the absence or presence of hooks and serrae, and these varied between sites. The study was complemented by measurements of estrogenic, retinoid, thyroid and aryl hydrocarbon (AhR) receptor activities of the water. Male mosquitofish were 16.3-21.5 mm in length, and although there was a statistically significant positive relationship showing that bigger fish had longer gonopodia than small fish (r2 = 0.52, p < 0.001), there were few significant differences in GL/BL ratio of fish between sites. Measured estrogenic activity was mostly in the range 0.1-1.7 ng/L EEQ, with one site having much higher levels (~12 ng/L EEQ). Aryl hydrocarbon (AhR) receptor activity was observed in all water samples (7-180 ng/L ?NF EQ), although there was no consistent pattern in the level of AhR activity observed, i.e., 'clean' sites were as likely to return a high AhR activity response as urban or wastewater treatment plant (WWTP)-impacted sites. There was no correlation between measurements of receptor actvity and gonopodial length (GL):BL ratio and BL. We conclude that the mosquitofish gonopodia only fulfills part of the criteria for biomarker selection for screening. The mosquitofish indices assessed were cheap and easy-to-perform procedures; however, there is no baseline data from the selected sites to evaluate whether differences in the morpholical indices observed at a site were a result of natural selection in the population or due to estrogenic exposure. PMID:23010964

Chinathamby, Kavitha; Allinson, Mayumi; Shiraishi, Fujio; Lopata, Andreas L; Nugegoda, Dayanthi; Pettigrove, Vincent; Allinson, Graeme

2013-03-01

63

Report on the comparison of the scan strategies employed by the Patrick Air Force Base WSR-74C/McGill radar and the NWS Melbourne WSR-88D radar  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this investigation is to determine whether the current standard WSR-88D radar (NEXRAD) scan strategies permit the use of the Melbourne WSR-88D to perform the essential functions now performed by the Patrick Air Force Base (PAFB) WSR-74C/McGill radar for evaluating shuttle weather flight rules (FR) and launch commit criteria (LCC). To meet this objective, the investigation compared the beam coverage patterns of the WSR-74C/McGill radar located at PAFB and the WSR-88D radar located at the Melbourne National Weather Service (NWS) Office over the area of concern for weather FR and LCC evaluations. The analysis focused on beam coverage within four vertical 74 km radius cylinders (1 to 4 km above ground level (AGL), 4 to 8 km AGL, 8 to 12 km AGL, and 1 to 12 km AGL) centered on Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Launch Complex 39A. The PAFB WSR-74C/McGill radar is approximately 17 km north-northeast of the Melbourne WSR-88D radar. The beam coverage of the WSR-88D using VCP 11 located at the Melbourne NWS Office is comparable (difference in percent of the atmosphere sampled between the two radars is 10 percent or less) within the area of concern to the beam coverage of the WSR-74C/McGill radar located at PAFB. Both radars provide good beam coverage over much of the atmospheric region of concern. In addition, both radars provide poor beam coverage (coverage less than 50 percent) over limited regions near the radars due to the radars' cone of silence and gaps in coverage within the higher elevation scans. Based on scan strategy alone, the WSR-88D radar could be used to perform the essential functions now performed by the PAFB WSR-74C/McGill radar for evaluating shuttle weather FR and LCC. Other radar characteristics may, however, affect the decision as to which radar to use in a given case.

Taylor, Gregory; Evans, Randolph; Manobianco, John; Schumann, Robin; Wheeler, Mark; Yersavich, Ann

1994-01-01

64

Establishing the Melbourne injecting drug user cohort study (MIX): rationale, methods, and baseline and twelve-month follow-up results  

PubMed Central

Background Cohort studies provide an excellent opportunity to monitor changes in behaviour and disease transmission over time. In Australia, cohort studies of people who inject drugs (PWID) have generally focused on older, in-treatment injectors, with only limited outcome measure data collected. In this study we specifically sought to recruit a sample of younger, largely out-of-treatment PWID, in order to study the trajectories of their drug use over time. Methods Respondent driven sampling, traditional snowball sampling and street outreach methods were used to recruit heroin and amphetamine injectors from one outer-urban and two inner-urban regions of Melbourne, Australia. Information was collected on participants’ demographic and social characteristics, drug use characteristics, drug market access patterns, health and social functioning, and health service utilisation. Participants are followed-up on an annual basis. Results 688 PWID were recruited into the study. At baseline, the median age of participants was 27.6 years (IQR: 24.4 years – 29.6 years) and two-thirds (67%) were male. Participants reported injecting for a median of 10.2 years (range: 1.5 months – 21.2 years), with 11% having injected for three years or less. Limited education, unemployment and previous incarceration were common. The majority of participants (82%) reported recent heroin injection, and one third reported being enrolled in Opioid Substitution Therapy (OST) at recruitment. At 12 months follow-up 458 participants (71% of eligible participants) were retained in the study. There were few differences in demographic and drug-use characteristics of those lost to follow-up compared with those retained in the study, with attrition significantly associated with recruitment at an inner-urban location, male gender, and providing incomplete contact information at baseline. Conclusions Our efforts to recruit a sample of largely out-of-treatment PWID were limited by drug market characteristics at the time, where fluctuating heroin availability has led to large numbers of PWID accessing low-threshold OST. Nevertheless, this study of Australian injectors will provide valuable data on the natural history of drug use, along with risk and protective factors for adverse health outcomes associated with injecting drug use. Comprehensive follow-up procedures have led to good participant retention and limited attrition bias.

2013-01-01

65

Self-reported medication side effects in an older cohort living independently in the community - the Melbourne Longitudinal Study on Healthy Ageing (MELSHA): cross-sectional analysis of prevalence and risk factors  

PubMed Central

Background Medication side effects are an important cause of morbidity, mortality and costs in older people. The aim of our study was to examine prevalence and risk factors for self-reported medication side effects in an older cohort living independently in the community. Methods The Melbourne Longitudinal Study on Healthy Ageing (MELSHA), collected information on those aged 65 years or older living independently in the community and commenced in 1994. Data on medication side effects was collected from the baseline cohort (n = 1000) in face-to-face baseline interviews in 1994 and analysed as cross-sectional data. Risk factors examined were: socio-demographics, health status and medical conditions; medication use and health service factors. Analysis included univariate logistic regression to estimate unadjusted risk and multivariate logistic regression analysis to assess confounding and estimate adjusted risk. Results Self-reported medication side effects were reported by approximately 6.7% (67/1000) of the entire baseline MELSHA cohort, and by 8.5% (65/761) of those on medication. Identified risk factors were increased education level, co-morbidities and health service factors including recency of visiting the pharmacist, attending younger doctors, and their doctor's awareness of their medications. The greatest increase in risk for medication side effects was associated with liver problems and their doctor's awareness of their medications. Aging and gender were not risk factors. Conclusion Prevalence of self-reported medication side effects was comparable with that reported in adults attending General Practices in a primary care setting in Australia. The prevalence and identified risk factors provide further insight and opportunity to develop strategies to address the problem of medication side effects in older people living independently in the community setting.

2010-01-01

66

Rural training and the state of rural health services: effect of rural background on the perception and attitude of first-year medical students at the university of melbourne.  

PubMed

The aim of this project is to investigate the relationship between medical students' background and their perception of the state of rural health services; willingness to undertake internship training or work as a doctor in a rural hospital; expected benefits and disadvantages of training or working as a doctor in a rural hospital; and factors interfering with acceptance of a job as a doctor in rural areas. A questionnaire-based survey was distributed to 100 first-year medical students attending the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne at the end of semester 1. The response rate was 97%, including 44 males and 53 females. A strong relationship was found between rural background and an intention to undertake internship training in a rural hospital (86% of students from a rural background expressed this desire vs 30% of students from an urban background). Furthermore, all students from a rural background expressed a desire to work as a doctor in a rural hospital after completing postgraduate training. Compared to urban students, students from a rural background showed a more positive attitude towards health services in rural areas including public hospitals ( P = 0.02), private general practice ( P = 0.004), ambulance service ( P = 0.0002) and baby health centres ( P = 0.005). Citizenship or gender was not significantly related to the perception of any of these services. The ranking of factors interfering with acceptance of a job as a doctor in rural areas were different for rural and urban students. Students from rural backgrounds reported spouse/partner needs (76% vs 49%, P = 0.038) and school availability for children (59% vs 30%, P = 0.023) as barriers more frequently than urban students, respectively). On the other hand, urban students rated the following factors higher: personal factors (76% vs 53%, respectively), education opportunities (56% vs 24%), social/cultural facilities (50% vs 41%) and the need for frequent travel (29% vs 12%). None of these interfering factors were significantly different. Urban students were more likely than rural students to report that their views were a result of adverse media reports. In conclusion, students from a rural background were more willing to be trained or to work as doctors in rural areas. This was associated with a greater adverse influence by the media upon students. PMID:11488702

Azer, S A; Simmons, D; Elliott, S L

2001-08-01

67

Total body dual X-ray absorptiometry is a good measure of both fat mass and fat-free mass in liver cirrhosis compared to "gold-standard" techniques. Melbourne Liver Group.  

PubMed

Liver cirrhosis is a condition in which overnutrition, edema, and undernutrition can coexist simultaneously, or successively, over a period of time, giving rise to alterations in body composition, as well as systemic and multiorgan manifestations. We undertook a cross-sectional study of body composition in 198 adult patients with liver cirrhosis (140 males, mean age 53.6, range 31-85 years; and 58 females, mean age 58.4, range 36-79 years). The patients had cirrhosis of differing etiology and different stages of severity. They were gathered from seven different hospital clinics in the city of Melbourne, Australia, but all the body composition measurements were performed in one body composition laboratory. A variety of body composition techniques were used to identify which commonly available ones could best assess both fat-free mass and fat mass relative to a criterion "gold-standard" method available in a specialist laboratory. A gold-standard fat-free mass (FFMGS) was defined as the sum of total body protein, measured by in vivo neutron activation analysis (IVNA), plus total body water, measured by D2O dilution, plus bone mineral content, measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). A gold-standard fat mass (FATGS) was defined as the difference between body weight and FFMGS. "Usual" fat mass and fat-free mass were defined by different techniques including DXA, anthropometry (ANT), single-frequency bioelectrical impedance (SFBIA), multiple-frequency bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (MFBIA), and whole body gamma counting (TBK). The FFMGS was overhydrated in both sexes, relative to the usual value of 0.73, but women were significantly overhydrated compared to men. Relative to the gold-standard deuterium oxide dilution method for measuring total body water, SFBIA slightly overestimated TBW, whereas MFBIA slightly underestimated TBW, with both methods having wide limits of agreement for any single estimate. In comparing FFM to FFMGS, only DXA showed a small negative bias, in both males and females, with modest limits of agreement for any single estimate. All other methods showed a large negative bias (ANT, SFBIA, and MFBIA) or a large positive bias (TBK) relative to FFMGS, with wide limits of agreement. In comparing FAT with the FATGS, only DXA showed a small positive bias, in both males and females, with modest limits of agreement for any single estimate. All other methods showed a large positive bias (ANT, SFBIA, and MFBIA) or a large negative bias (TBK) relative to FATGS, with wide limits of agreement. In cirrhosis, DXA is a good and widely available method to assess both fat mass and fat-free mass. However, it cannot give information about the quality of the FFM, particularly its water content. The bedside methods of anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance, both SFBIA and MFBIA, are poor methods of measuring body composition in patients with liver cirrhosis, whereas whole body gamma counting, although not widely available, also significantly differs from the gold-standard method of assessment of fat-free mass and fat mass in liver cirrhosis. PMID:10865710

Strauss, B J; Gibson, P R; Stroud, D B; Borovnicar, D J; Xiong, D W; Keogh, J

2000-05-01

68

Two arthropods from the Lancefieldian (La 1) of central Victoria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two species of arthropods are described from the earliest Ordovician (Lancefieldian, La 1) Zone east of Lancefield in central Victoria some 60 km north of Melbourne. Corcorania trispinosa gen. et sp. nov., with three prominent anterior head spines, seven trunk segments, a short distinctive posterior shield and large spinose appendages, is apparently unrelated to any previously known arthropod, fossil or

Peter A. Jell

1980-01-01

69

Measuring food access in Melbourne: access to healthy and fast foods by car, bus and foot in an urban municipality in Melbourne. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

70

Minority Language Speakers as Migrants: Some Preliminary Observations on the Sudanese Community in Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The language problems faced by migrants may be more complex when they come from a minority language group in their homeland. The new arrivals may find that there are few, or even no, speakers of their language in the community to which they have moved. Then decisions have to be made as to whether to attempt to maintain the native language and also…

Musgrave, Simon; Hajek, John

2013-01-01

71

Multilinguals and Their Sociolinguistic Profiles: Observations on Language Use Amongst Three Vintages of Migrants in Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents profiles of eight multilinguals and examines the circumstances that determine their continued use, in addition to English, of at least two of their "home" languages. I attempt to identify in which domains this occurs, whether there are established patterns of domain-specific language use and whether these patterns are…

Hlavac, Jim

2013-01-01

72

Negotiating Family, Navigating Resettlement: Family Connectedness amongst Resettled Youth with Refugee Backgrounds Living in Melbourne, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refugee adolescents resettling in a new country face many challenges, and being part of a supportive family is a critical factor in assisting them to achieve wellbeing and create positive futures. This longitudinal study documents experiences of family life in the resettlement context of 120 young people with refugee backgrounds living in…

McMichael, C.; Gifford, S. M.; Correa-Velez, I.

2011-01-01

73

ELISS Conference (Melbourne, Australia, June 27-29, 1991). Conference Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These papers address three themes in the education of library and information professionals: organizational change, industrial change, and professional development. The 12 papers are: (1) Opening Address; "Educating for Change: Grasping the Vision" (Jennifer Evans); (2) Keynote Address: "Organizational Change and Its Management" (Alison Crook);…

Education for Librarianship: Australia, 1991

1991-01-01

74

The Changing Nature of Work. NCVER Research Forum (Melbourne, Australia, November 30, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains materials from a forum on the changing nature of work (CNW) that brought together researchers and research users to hear how to use findings to improve vocational education and training (VET) in Australia. An overview of the program and biographical information on presenters and panel members follow. The next section…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).

75

Asymptomatic Mycoplasma genitalium infection amongst marginalised young people accessing a youth health service in Melbourne.  

PubMed

We conducted a study to establish the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium amongst asymptomatic young people experiencing homelessness in the context of comprehensive health care delivery. All asymptomatic young people at risk of sexually transmitted infections were offered urinary polymerase chain reaction testing for M. genitalium whilst being tested for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae over a four-month period in 2012. Those who tested positive were notified of the infection and offered treatment. Sixty asymptomatic young people (36 female and 24 male) were tested for M. genitalium, identifying eight cases (13%) (six female and two male). Ten young people (17%) tested positive for C. trachomatis, three (5%) of whom were positive for both M. genitalium and C. trachomatis. There were no cases of N. gonorrhoeae. Of the eight cases of M. genitalium, seven were contactable and five were treated at our clinic with azithromycin 1 g stat. Two of the five returned after a month for a test of cure, identifying one resistant infection. Further data on the epidemiology of M. genitalium are required before testing recommendations can be made; however, consideration should be given to testing for M. genitalium in settings where other sexually transmitted infections are prevalent. PMID:24026408

Henning, Dorothy; Eade, Donna; Langstone, Alison; Bean-Hodges, Alison; Marceglia, Alexandra; Azzopardi, Peter

2014-03-01

76

Paediatric hanging associated out of hospital cardiac arrest in Melbourne, Australia: characteristics and outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionHanging is a rare but devastating cause of out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The characteristics and outcomes of hanging associated OHCA in the paediatric age group are described.MethodsThe Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry was searched for patients aged less than 18 years where the precipitant cause of OHCA was hanging. Results were cross checked with the coronial database.ResultsDuring the

C Deasy; J Bray; K Smith; L R Harriss; S A Bernard; P Cameron

2011-01-01

77

Genital Candida Species Detected in Samples from Women in Melbourne, Australia, before and after Treatment with Antibiotics  

PubMed Central

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) remains a common cause of morbidity, with three-quarters of women affected during their lifetimes. Use of antibiotics is an acknowledged trigger for VVC, which adversely affects women's physical and emotional health. Knowledge of patterns of genital Candida species-level identification is important for management, as Candida species other than Candida albicans often fail first-line treatment. A community sample of women with no vaginal symptoms, and who were prescribed antibiotics, was recruited into this study, where the incidence of genital colonization by various Candida species was documented, as well as symptoms of VVC plus relevant associations, before and after treatment with antibiotics. Self-collected low vaginal swabs were taken prior to and 8 days after completion of antibiotic treatment, and data on various potential risk factors for VVC were collected simultaneously, with complete data being available for 233 participants. Baseline Candida species colonization was present in 21% of women (95% confidence intervals [CI], 17% to 27%), rising to 37% (95% CI, 31% to 44%) after antibiotic treatment. The primary species detected for either period was C. albicans (73%), with Candida glabrata detected in around 20%. Self-assessed proneness to VVC after antibiotic treatment and baseline colonization with Candida spp. were significantly associated with symptomatic VVC after antibiotic treatment. For microbiologically proven candidiasis, VVC symptoms had a sensitivity of 57% and a specificity of 91%. When physicians prescribe antibiotics, the history of risk of VVC is one issue that physicians should discuss with women, particularly those who are self-identified as being prone to VVC. Furthermore, we recommend that definitive microbiological diagnoses be made for women with recurrent symptoms or those failing initial treatment, to guide appropriate therapy.

Pirotta, Marie V.; Garland, Suzanne M.

2006-01-01

78

The effect of an early childhood obesity intervention on father's obesity risk behaviors: the Melbourne InFANT Program  

PubMed Central

Background To investigate the effect of an early childhood obesity prevention intervention, incorporating a parent modelling component, on fathers’ obesity risk-related behaviours. Methods Cluster randomized-controlled trial in the setting of pre-existing first-time parents groups organised by Maternal and Child Health Nurses in Victoria, Australia. Participants were 460 first-time fathers mean age?=?34.2 (s.d.4.90) years. Dietary pattern scores of fathers were derived using principal component analysis, total physical activity and total television viewing time were assessed at baseline (infant aged three to four months) and after 15 months. Results No significant beneficial intervention effect was observed on fathers’ dietary pattern scores, total physical activity or total television viewing time. Conclusion Despite a strong focus on parent modelling (targeting parents own diet, physical activity and television viewing behaviours), and beneficial impact on mothers’ obesity risk behaviours, this intervention, with mothers as the point of contact, had no effect on fathers’ obesity risk-related behaviours. Based on the established links between children’s obesity risk-related behaviors and that of their fathers, a need exists for research testing the effectiveness of interventions with a stronger engagement of fathers.

2014-01-01

79

Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, 10th, University of Melbourne, Australia, Dec. 11-15, 1989, Proceedings. Vols. 1 & 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present conference on fluid mechanics discusses turbulent boundary layers, optical experimental techniques, acoustics, free shear/mixing layers, hypervelocity, bluff bodies, and coherent structures. Attention is given to abrupt pressure gradients on the structure of turbulent boundary layers, instability characteristics in jets, supersonic separated flow over a swept compression corner, the structure of the instantaneous density field in supersonic boundary layers, and effects of rotation on homogeneous turbulence. Also discussed are an experimental study of forced steamwise vortical structures in a plane mixing layer, prediction of turbulent swirling flow in a diffuser with a tailpipe, numerical simulation of laminar hypersonic boundary layer flows, and investigation of hypersonic injection. Topics addressed include structures in diffusion flames, a new flying hot-wire system for flow topology studies, heat transfer in a turbulent boundary layer, and hypersonic 3D flow past winged bodies.

Perry, A. E.

80

Deliberate Self-Poisoning Presenting to an Emergency Medicine Network in South-East Melbourne: A Descriptive Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) comprises a small but significant proportion of presentations to the emergency department (ED). However, the prevalence and patient characteristics of self-poisoning attendances to EDs in Victoria have not been recently characterised. Aim. To identify and compare the characteristics of adult patients presenting to the three EDs of Monash Health following DSP. Methods. Retrospective clinical audit of adult DSP attendances between 1st July 2009 and 30th June 2012. Results. A total of 3558 cases over three years were identified fulfilling the search criteria. The mean age of patients was 36.3 years with the largest numbers aged between 18 and 30 (38%). About 30% of patients were born overseas. Forty-eight percent were discharged home, 15% were admitted to ED short stay units, and 5% required ICU admission. The median ED length of stay was 359 minutes (IQR 231–607). The most frequently reported substances in DSP were benzodiazepines (36.6%), paracetamol (22.2%), and antipsychotics (12.1%). Exposure to more than one substance for the episode of DSP was common (47%). Conclusion. This information may help identify the trends in poisoning substances used for DSP in Victoria, which in turn may provide clinicians with information to provide more focused and targeted interventions.

Martin, Catherine; Graudins, Andis

2014-01-01

81

Developing programs for African families, by African families: engaging African migrant families in Melbourne in health promotion interventions.  

PubMed

Obesity is an emerging problem for African migrants in Australia, but few prevention programs incorporate their cultural beliefs and values. This study reports on the application of community capacity-building and empowerment principles in 4 workshops with Sudanese families in Australia. Workshop participants prioritized health behaviors, skill and knowledge gaps, and environments for change to identify culturally centered approaches to health promotion. The workshops highlighted a need for culturally and age-appropriate interventions that build whole-of-family skills and knowledge around the positive effects of physical activity and nutrition to improve health within communities while reducing intergenerational and gender role family conflicts. PMID:24297008

Halliday, Jennifer A; Green, Julie; Mellor, David; Mutowo, Mutsa P; de Courten, Maximilian; Renzaho, André M N

2014-01-01

82

Help seeking in older Asian people with dementia in Melbourne: using the Cultural Exchange Model to explore barriers and enablers.  

PubMed

The prevalence of dementia is increasing in Australia. Limited research is available on access to Cognitive Dementia and Memory Services (CDAMS) for people with dementia from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) communities. This study aimed to determine the barriers and enablers to accessing CDAMS for people with dementia and their families of Chinese and Vietnamese backgrounds. Consultations with community members, community workers and health professionals were conducted using the "Cultural Exchange Model" framework. For carers, barriers to accessing services included the complexity of the health system, lack of time, travel required to get to services, language barriers, interpreters and lack of knowledge of services. Similarly, community workers and health professionals identified language, interpreters, and community perceptions as key barriers to service access. Strategies to increase knowledge included providing information via radio, printed material and education in community group settings. The "Cultural Exchange Model" enabled engagement with and modification of the approaches to meet the needs of the targeted CALD communities. PMID:24443007

Haralambous, Betty; Dow, Briony; Tinney, Jean; Lin, Xiaoping; Blackberry, Irene; Rayner, Victoria; Lee, Sook-Meng; Vrantsidis, Freda; Lautenschlager, Nicola; Logiudice, Dina

2014-03-01

83

Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth Strategic Directions Meeting for Members Melbourne, 8 December 2003 Collaboration - A Few Reflections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of ARACY depends on researchers across the biological, behav ioural and social sciences working together, policy makers from health, education, social welfare and other sectors working together, practitioners from different professions such as medicine, nursing, psychology, social work, and education to name just a few working together, and at the same time researchers, policy makers and practitioners within

Dorothy Scott OAM

84

What Alternative? A Snapshot of VCAL As an Alternative to Senior Secondary Education in the Western Region of Melbourne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Victorian Certificate of Applied Learning (VCAL) is a two-year senior school certificate available to secondary students in Victoria, Australia, and has been operational for almost a decade. It is delivered by secondary schools and further education providers. In 2010, two programmes from each of these providers were reviewed and considered in…

Broadbent, Robyn; Papadopoulos, Theo

2013-01-01

85

The health loss from ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage: evidence from the North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study (NEMESIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: People suffering different types of stroke have differing demographic characteristics and survival. However, current estimates of disease burden are based on the same underlying assumptions irrespective of stroke type. We hypothesized that average Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs) lost from stroke would be different for ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: We used 1 and 5-year data collected

Dominique A Cadilhac; Helen M Dewey; Theo Vos; Rob Carter; Amanda G Thrift

2010-01-01

86

Local Data Integration in East Central Florida  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Applied Meteorology Unit has configured a Local Data Integration System (LDIS) for east central Florida which assimilates in-situ and remotely-sensed observational data into a series of high-resolution gridded analyses. The ultimate goal for running LDIS is to generate products that may enhance weather nowcasts and short-range (less than 6 h) forecasts issued in support of the 45th Weather Squadron (45 WS), Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG), and the Melbourne National Weather Service (NWS MLB) operational requirements. LDIS has the potential to provide added value for nowcasts and short-ten-n forecasts for two reasons. First, it incorporates all data operationally available in east central Florida. Second, it is run at finer spatial and temporal resolutions than current national-scale operational models such as the Rapid Update Cycle and Eta models. LDIS combines all available data to produce grid analyses of primary variables (wind, temperature, etc.) at specified temporal and spatial resolutions. These analyses of primary variables can be used to compute diagnostic quantities such as vorticity and divergence. This paper demonstrates the utility of LDIS over east central Florida for a warm season case study. The evolution of a significant thunderstorm outflow boundary is depicted through horizontal and vertical cross section plots of wind speed, divergence, and circulation. In combination with a suitable visualization too], LDIS may provide users with a more complete and comprehensive understanding of evolving mesoscale weather than could be developed by individually examining the disparate data sets over the same area and time.

Case, Jonathan L.; Manobianco, John T.

1999-01-01

87

Objective Lightning Probability Forecasts for East-Central Florida Airports  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The forecasters at the National Weather Service in Melbourne, FL, (NWS MLB) identified a need to make more accurate lightning forecasts to help alleviate delays due to thunderstorms in the vicinity of several commercial airports in central Florida at which they are responsible for issuing terminal aerodrome forecasts. Such forecasts would also provide safer ground operations around terminals, and would be of value to Center Weather Service Units serving air traffic controllers in Florida. To improve the forecast, the AMU was tasked to develop an objective lightning probability forecast tool for the airports using data from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). The resulting forecast tool is similar to that developed by the AMU to support space launch operations at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) for use by the 45th Weather Squadron (45 WS) in previous tasks (Lambert and Wheeler 2005, Lambert 2007). The lightning probability forecasts are valid for the time periods and areas needed by the NWS MLB forecasters in the warm season months, defined in this task as May-September.

Crawford, Winfred C.

2013-01-01

88

Considering the Research, Debating the Issues: Proceedings of the National ALNARC Forum (1st, Melbourne, Australia, February 17-18, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 10 papers about and from a national forum that was conducted by the Adult Literacy and Numeracy Australian Research Consortium (ALNARC) to gather various perspectives on the inclusion of literacy and numeracy standards in Australia's national training packages and to discuss research about the implementation of training…

Sanguinetti, Jill, Ed.; Bradshaw, Delia, Ed.

89

Recurrent Education and the Teaching Role. A Collection of Papers Prepared for the ERDC Seminar on Recurrent Education and the Teaching Role (Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, November 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In these papers the authors consider the changing societal context for education, examine concepts and research on existing recurrent education practice, and document constraints on and future prospects of inservice education for teachers. The introduction provides an overview of the teaching role in the paper, "Recurrent Education for Teachers,…

Hewitson, Mal, Ed.

90

Proceedings of the Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (29th, Melbourne, Australia, July 10-15, 2005). Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first volume of the 29th annual conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education contains plenary lecture and research forum papers as listed below. Short oral communications papers, poster presentations, brief summaries of discussion groups, and working sessions are also included in the volume. The plenary…

Chick, Helen L., Ed.; Vincent, Jill L., Ed.

2005-01-01

91

Proceedings of the Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (29th, Melbourne, Australia, July 10-15, 2005). Volume 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the fourth volume of the proceedings of the 29th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. Conference papers are centered around the theme of "Learners and Learning Environments." This volume features 42 research reports by presenters with last names beginning between Mul and Wu: (1) Case…

Chick, Helen L., Ed.; Vincent, Jill L., Ed.

2005-01-01

92

Social Change and Family Policies. Final Papers, Part 5. International CFR Seminar (20th, Melbourne, Australia, August 19-24, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains final papers presented at an International Committee on Family Research (CFR) seminar; included are key, discussant, and free papers as well as closing and farewell addresses. Key papers covered (1) worldwide trends in administrating family policy and (2) work, economic policies, and welfare consequences and…

Asche, Justice Austin; And Others

93

MCEETYA Four-Year Plan, 2009-2012: A Companion Document for the Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth (MCEETYA) four-year plan outlines the key strategies and initiatives Australian governments will undertake in each of these eight areas to support the achievement of the educational goals for young Australians and will be reviewed and updated as needed. The plan is aligned with…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

94

Partnerships in Education. A Collection of Papers Presentation at the International Community Education Association (ICEA) Conference (1st, Melbourne, Australia, September 26-29, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers, panel discussion, summaries, and comments are included in this conference proceedings document: "Education: The Essential Partnership" (Ramsey); "Australia's Involvement in Education in the Pacific: Partnership or Patronage?" (Baba); "Report by the Rapporteur to the Final Plenary Session" (Kimberley); "Adult Environmental…

Townsend, Tony, Ed.; Cowdell, Jennie, Ed.

95

Social Change and Family Policies. Free Papers, Part 4. International CFR Seminar (20th, Melbourne, Australia, August 19-24, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These free papers presented at an International Committee on Family Research (CFR) seminar include (1) Frances E. Baum's "There's No Room in the Nuclear Family: Sharing As an Alternative Housing Option"; (2) Paula W. Dail's "Parental Role Perceptions among Young, Dual Parent Families in America: Family Policy Implications for the Future"; (3)…

Baum, Frances E.; And Others

96

Social Change and Family Policies. Key Papers, Part I. International CFR Seminar (20th, Melbourne, Australia, August 19-24, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These papers from an International Committee on Family Research (CFR) seminar explore seven themes, four of which are presented in Part 1. The first set of papers approach the question of whether the family is worth supporting and the related issue of pressures, conflicts, and expectations of family life (Theme 1). Randall Collins discusses…

Collins, Randall; And Others

97

Proceedings of the Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (29th, Melbourne, Australia, July 10-15, 2005). Volume 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third volume of the 29th annual conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education contains full research report papers. Papers include: (1) Students' Use of ICT Tools: Choices and Reasons (Anne Berit Fuglestad); (2) Interaction of Modalities in Cabri: A Case Study (Fulvia Furinghetti, Francesca Morselli, and…

Chick, Helen L., Ed.; Vincent, Jill L., Ed.

2005-01-01

98

The Maintenance Effect of Cognitive-Behavioural Treatment Groups for the Chinese Parents of Children with Intellectual Disabilities in Melbourne, Australia: A 6-Month Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Caring for a child with intellectual disability can be stressful. No data on the longer-term effects of cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) on parents from a Chinese-speaking background who have children with intellectual disabilities are available in the literature. This study attempted to fill this research gap by examining the…

Wong, D. F. K.; Poon, A.; Kwok, Y. C. Lai

2011-01-01

99

Learning Technologies: Prospects and Pathways. Selected papers from EdTech '96 Biennial Conference of the Australian Society for Educational Technology (Melbourne, Australia, July 7-10, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a series of conference papers dealing with educational technology. The papers are: "The Role of Educational Technology in Upgrading Teacher Education in Pakistan" (M. Hashim Abbasi and Alex C. Millar); "Report on the Teaching and Learning on the Internet Project--RMIT TAFE" (Laurie Armstrong); "A Dissemination Strategy for…

Hedberg, John G., Ed.; And Others

100

Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic Service in Australia. By B.W. Higman. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2002. Pp. xiii + 358. $49.95 cloth.Our Bodies, Our Babies: The Forgotten Women's Movement. By Kerreen M. Reiger. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2001. Pp. 335. $38.95 paper.The Cultivation of Whiteness: Science, Health and Racial Destiny in Australia. By Warwick Anderson. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2002. Pp. xi + 352.

Raelene Frances; Philippa Mein Smith; Russell Mcgregor; Ian Anderson; Mandy Paul; Mickey Dewar; Dawn May; Ian Crawford; Claudia Orange; Michael Roe; John Mclaren; Kate Hunter; Dianne Avenell; Allan Patience; David Lowe; Bradon Ellem; Renate Howe; David Walker; Peter Edwards; David Lee

2003-01-01

101

Team 386 prepares for the FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Voltage: The South Brevard FIRST Team (386) works on their robot, Sparky. The team of students from Eau Gallie, Satellite, Palm Bay, Melbourne, Bayside and Melbourne Central Catholic high schools was co-sponsored by Intersil Corp., Harris Corp., NASA Kennedy Space Center, Rockwell Collins and Interface & Control Systems, Inc. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

102

Prototype Local Data Integration System and Central Florida Data Deficiency  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the Applied Meteorology Unit's (AMU) task on the Local Data Integration System (LDIS) and central Florida data deficiency. The objectives of the task are to identify all existing meteorological data sources within 250 km of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the Eastern Range at Cape Canaveral Air Station (CCAS), identify and configure an appropriate LDIS to integrate these data, and implement a working prototype to be used for limited case studies and data non-incorporation (DNI) experiments. The ultimate goal for running LDIS is to generate products that may enhance weather nowcasts and short-range (less than 6 h) forecasts issued in support of the 45th Weather Squadron (45 WS), Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG), and the Melbourne National Weather Service (NWS MLB) operational requirements. The LDIS has the potential to provide added value for nowcasts and short term forecasts for two reasons. First, it incorporates all data operationally available in east central Florida. Second, it is run at finer spatial and temporal resolutions than current national-scale operational models. In combination with a suitable visualization tool, LDIS may provide users with a more complete and comprehensive understanding of evolving fine-scale weather features than could be developed by individually examining the disparate data sets over the same area and time. The utility of LDIS depends largely on the reliability and availability of observational data. Therefore, it is important to document all existing meteorological data sources around central Florida that can be incorporated by it. Several factors contribute to the data density and coverage over east central Florida including the level in the atmosphere, distance from KSC/CCAS, time, and prevailing weather. The central Florida mesonet consists of existing surface meteorological and hydrological data available from the Tampa NWS and data servers at Miami and Jacksonville. However the utility of these data for operational use is limited, mainly because there are relatively few additional meteorological observations within 50 km of KSC/CCAS to supplement existing METAR and KSC/CCAS tower reports.

Manobianco, John; Case, Jonathan

1998-01-01

103

A geochronological framework for orogenic gold mineralisation in central Victoria, Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New 40Ar/39Ar geochronological data support, and significantly expand upon, preliminary age data that were interpreted to suggest an episodic and diachronous emplacement of gold across the western Lachlan fold belt, Australia. These geochronological data indicate that mineralisation in the central Victorian gold province occurred in response to episodic, eastward progressing deformation, metamorphism and exhumation associated with the formation of the western Lachlan fold belt. Initial gold formation throughout the Stawell and the Bendigo structural zones can be constrained to a broad interval of time between 455 and 435 Ma, with remobilisation of metals into new structures and/or new pulses of mineralisation occurring between 420 and 400 Ma, and again between 380 and 370 Ma, linked to episodic variations in the regional stress-field and during intrusion of felsic dykes and plutons. This separation of ages is incompatible with the view that gold emplacement in the western Lachlan fold belt was the result of a single, orogen-wide event during the Devonian. A distinct phase of gold mineralisation, characterised by elevated Cu, Mo, Sb or W, is associated with both Late Silurian to Early Devonian (~420 to 400 Ma) and Middle to Late Devonian (~380 to 370 Ma) magmatism, when crustal thickening and shortening during the ongoing consolidation of the western Lachlan Fold Belt led to extensive melt development in the lower crust and resulted in widespread magmatism throughout central Victoria. These ~420 to 400 Ma and ~380 to 370 Ma occurrences, best exemplified by the Wonga deposit in the Stawell structural zone and many of the Woods Point deposits in the Melbourne structural zone, but also evidenced by occurrences at Fosterville and Maldon in the Bendigo structural zone, clearly formed synchronous with, or post-date, the emplacement of plutons and dykes, and thus are spatially (if not genetically) related to melt generation at depth. This later, magmatic-associated and polymetallic type of gold mineralisation is economically subordinate to the earlier, metamorphic-associated type of gold deposition in the Stawell and Bendigo structural zones, but tends to be the dominant style in the Melbourne Zone. These new geochronological constraints, together with zircon U-Pb data from felsic intrusive rocks of known relationship to gold mineralisation, demonstrate that initial hydrothermal alteration associated with gold emplacement in the western Lachlan fold belt was metamorphic-related, predating the emplacement of granite plutons by as much as 80 million years. This timing differs from other important orogenic gold districts where gold deposition is closely associated spatially with felsic magmatism. The early introduction of metamorphically derived fluids well before magmatism may reflect variations in the timing of peak metamorphic conditions at different crustal levels in an accretionary prism undergoing simultaneous deformation and erosion. Consequently, no genetic link exists between the main phase(s) of gold mineralisation and magmatism in the central Victorian gold province. With the exception of formation of a minor magmatism-related and geochemically-distinct mineralisation style at about 420 to 400 Ma, and again at about 380 to 370 Ma, the apparent spatial relationship between gold mineralisation and felsic intrusions is merely the result of melts and fluids being channelised along the same structures.

Bierlein, Frank P.; Arne, Dennis C.; Foster, David A.; Reynolds, Peter

2001-12-01

104

What Future for Technical & Vocational Education & Training? Selected papers presented at the International Conference of the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, December 14-18, 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles of international appeal on the future of vocational and technical education and training begins with an introduction by William Hall and includes the following papers: "New Vocationalism in the United States: Potential Problems and Outlook" (Benson); "Learning within a Work Context: Training Concepts, Experience,…

Hall, William C., Ed.

105

Academic Communication across Disciplines and Cultures. Selected Proceedings of the National Conference on Tertiary Literacy: Research and Practice, Volume 2 (1st, Melbourne, Australia, March 14-16, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These selected papers from the First Conference on Tertiary Literacy focus on communication across differences of culture and discipline in Australian universities. Many of the papers have resulted from cooperation between applied linguists and specialist lecturers and describe cooperative models of literacy education based on interdisciplinary…

Golebiowski, Zofia, Ed.; Borland, Helen, Ed.

106

Meeting at the Crossroads. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education (ASCILITE 2001) (18th, Melbourne, Australia, December 9-12, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contains 63 papers presented at ASCLITE (Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education) 2001. The focus is on the following themes related to the use of computers in higher education: (1) reflection in and on action, for reflective inquiry, for students, for teachers, for design and…

Kennedy, Gregor, Ed.; Keppell, Mike, Ed.; McNaught, Carmel, Ed.; Petrovic, Tom, Ed.

107

Quality and Diversity in VET [Vocational Education and Training] Research. Proceedings of the National Conference of the Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association (AVETRA) (2nd, Melbourne, Australia, February 11-12, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings consist of 43 presentations clustered into these key areas: position, strategy, contribution, and future issues; diversity of participation and contexts; issues in the workplace and learning settings; question of practitioners work; and questions of knowledge and methodology--all related to the themes of quality and diversity.…

Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association, Alexandria.

108

Optimal trajectories and mirror properties for round-trip Mars missions † † Paper IAF98-A.1.07 presented at the 49th International Astronautical Congress, Melbourne, Australia, 28 Sept.–2 Oct., 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with optimal trajectories for round-trip Mars missions, starting from LEO (low Earth orbit), arriving to LMO (low Mars orbit), and then returning to LEO after a waiting period in LMO. The optimization criterion is the minimization of the total characteristic velocity.The assumed physical model is the restricted four-body model. The optimization problem is solved via the sequential

A. Miele; T. Wang

1999-01-01

109

Observations of Total Lightning Associated with Severe Convection During the Wet Season in Central Florida  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will discuss findings of a collaborative lightning research project between National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the National Weather Service office In Melbourne Florida. In August 1996, NWS/MLB received a workstation which incorporates data from the KMLB WSR-88D, Cloud to Ground (CG) stroke data from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN), and 3D volumetric lightning data collected from the Kennedy Space Centers' Lightning Detection And Ranging (LDAR) lightning system. The two primary objectives of this lightning workstation, called Lightning Imaging Sensor Data Applications Display (USDAD), are to: observe how total lightning relates to severe convective storm morphology over central Florida, and compare ground based total lightning data (LDAR) to a satellite based lightning detection system. This presentation will focus on objective #1. The LISDAD system continuously displays CG and total lighting activity overlaid on top of the KMLB composite reflectivity product. This allows forecasters to monitor total lightning activity associated with convective cells occurring over the central Florida peninsula and adjacent coastal waters. The LISDAD system also keeps track of the amount of total lightning data, and associated KMLB radar products with individual convective cells occurring over the region. By clicking on an individual cell, a history table displays flash rate information (CG and total lightning) in one minute increments, along with radar parameter trends (echo tops, maximum dBz and height of maximum dBz) every 5 minutes. This history table Is updated continuously, without user intervention, as long as the cell is identified. Reviewing data collected during the 1997 wet season (21 cases) revealed that storms which produced severe weather (hall greater or = 0.75 in. or wind damage) typically showed a rapid rise In total lightning prior to the onset of severe weather. On average, flash rate increases of 25 FPM per minute over a time scale of approximately 5 minutes were common. These pulse severe storms typically reached values of 150 to 200 FPM with some cells exceeding 400 FPM. One finding which could have a direct application to the warning process is that the rapid increase in lightning typically occurred in advance of the warning issuance time. Comparisons between the ending time of the rapid rate increase and the time of when the warning was issued by NWS/MLB meteorologist exhibited a lead time of 8 minutes. It is conceivable that if close monitoring of the LISDAD system by operational meteorologist is routinely performed, warnings for pulse severe storms could be issued up to 4 to 6 minutes earlier than what is issued currently.

Sharp, D.; Williams, E.; Weber, M.; Goodman, Steven J.; Raghavan, R.; Matlin, A.; Boldi, B.

1998-01-01

110

Workers prepare the tent for FIRST robotic competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Workers at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex make final preparations in the huge tent for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at KSC, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

111

Teams begin their preparations for the FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Team 393 from Morristown, Ind., sets up its robot on a table to prepare it for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 at the KSC Visitor Complex. KSC is co-sponsoring the team, The Bee Bots, from Morristown Junior and Senior High Schools. On the floor at right is team 386, known as Voltage: The South Brevard First Team. This team is made up of students from Eau Gallie, Satellite, Palm Bay, Melbourne, Bayside and Melbourne Central Catholic High Schools. They are sponsored by KSC as well as Harris Corp., Intersil Corp., Interface & Control Systems. Inc. and Rockwell Collins. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at KSC, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

112

Situational Lightning Climatologies for Central Florida: Phase III  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes work done by the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) to add composite soundings to the Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS). This allows National Weather Service (NWS) forecasters to compare the current atmospheric state with climatology. In a previous phase, the AMU created composite soundings for four rawinsonde observation stations in Florida, for each of eight flow regimes. The composite soundings were delivered to the NWS Melbourne (MLB) office for display using the NSHARP software program. NWS MLB requested that the AMU make the composite soundings available for display in AWIPS. The AMU first created a procedure to customize AWIPS so composite soundings could be displayed. A unique four-character identifier was created for each of the 32 composite soundings. The AMU wrote a Tool Command Language/Tool Kit (TcVTk) software program to convert the composite soundings from NSHARP to Network Common Data Form (NetCDF) format. The NetCDF files were then displayable by AWIPS.

Barrett, Joe H., III

2008-01-01

113

Situational Lightning Climatologies for Central Florida: Phase IV  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The threat of lightning is a daily concern during the warm season in Florida. Research has revealed distinct spatial and temporal distributions of lightning occurrence that are strongly influenced by large-scale atmospheric flow regimes. Previously, the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) calculated the gridded lightning climatologies based on seven flow regimes over Florida for 1-, 3- and 6-hr intervals in 5-, 10-,20-, and 30-NM diameter range rings around the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) and eight other airfields in the National Weather Service in Melbourne (NWS MLB) county warning area (CWA). In this update to the work, the AMU recalculated the lightning climatologies for using individual lightning strike data to improve the accuracy of the climatologies. The AMU included all data regardless of flow regime as one of the stratifications, added monthly stratifications, added three years of data to the period of record and used modified flow regimes based work from the AMU's Objective Lightning Probability Forecast Tool, Phase II. The AMU made changes so the 5- and 10-NM radius range rings are consistent with the aviation forecast requirements at NWS MLB, while the 20- and 30-NM radius range rings at the SLF assist the Spaceflight Meteorology Group in making forecasts for weather Flight Rule violations during Shuttle landings. The AMU also updated the graphical user interface with the new data.

Bauman, William H., III

2009-01-01

114

Situational Lightning Climatologies for Central Florida, Phase 2, Part 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The threat of lightning is a daily concern during the warm season in Florida. The forecasters at the Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG) at Johnson Spaceflight Center in Houston, TX consider lightning in their landing forecasts for space shuttles at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), FL Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF). The forecasters at the National Weather Service in Melbourne, FL (NWS MLB) do the same in their routine Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts (TAFs) for seven airports in the NWS MLB County Warning Area (CWA). The Applied Meteorology Unit created flow regime climatologies of lightning probability in the 5-, 10-, 20-, and 30-n mi circles surrounding the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) and all airports in the NWS MLB county warning area in 1-, 3-, and 6-hour increments. The results were presented in tabular and graphical format and incorporated into a web-based graphical user interface so forecasters could easily navigate through the data and to make the GUI usable in any web browser on computers with different operating systems.

Bauman, William H., III

2007-01-01

115

Situational Lightning Climatologies for Central Florida: Phase IV: Central Florida Flow Regime Based Climatologies of Lightning Probabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The threat of lightning is a daily concern during the warm season in Florida. Research has revealed distinct spatial and temporal distributions of lightning occurrence that are strongly influenced by large-scale atmospheric flow regimes. Previously, the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) calculated the gridded lightning climatologies based on seven flow regimes over Florida for 1-, 3- and 6-hr intervals in 5-, 10-, 20-, and 30-NM diameter range rings around the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) and eight other airfields in the National Weather Service in Melbourne (NWS MLB) county warning area (CWA). In this update to the work, the AMU recalculated the lightning climatologies for using individual lightning strike data to improve the accuracy of the climatologies. The AMU included all data regardless of flow regime as one of the stratifications, added monthly stratifications, added three years of data to the period of record and used modified flow regimes based work from the AMU's Objective Lightning Probability Forecast Tool, Phase II. The AMU made changes so the 5- and 10-NM radius range rings are consistent with the aviation forecast requirements at NWS MLB, while the 20- and 30-NM radius range rings at the SLF assist the Spaceflight Meteorology Group in making forecasts for weather Flight Rule violations during Shuttle landings. The AMU also updated the graphical user interface with the new data.

Bauman, William H., III

2009-01-01

116

Reviews: Australian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graham Maddox, Australian Democracy in Theory and Practice, Melbourne, Longman Cheshire, 1985, pp.463, $19.95 (paper).Bill Brugger and Dean Jaensch, Australian Politics: Theory and Practice, Sydney, Allen and Unwin, 1985, pp. 258 + 258. $29.95 (cloth), $15.95 (paper)David Dunstan, Governing the Metropolis, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press, 1984, pp. 362. $24.50 (cloth)Stuart Harris and Geoff Taylor (eds), Resource Development and the Future

Graeme Duncan; Don Aitkin; Chris Paris; Brian Galligan; Lenore Layman; Patrick Weller; Roger Scott; John Craig; Brendan Moran; Glenn Withers; Braham Dabscheck; Frank Harman; Gary Smith; Jeff Archer; Mariam Simms; Hugh Smith; Geoff Skene; Dennis Altman; D. P. S. Ahluwalia; John Ravenhill; Mark D. Hayes; Karen Mughan; Dick Bryan; Chris Pickvance; Owen Hughes; Eckhard Jesse; Ross Poole; Murray Goot; Elizabeth Wirth Marvick; Stephen Bell; Brian Head; Rebecca M. Albury; Marian Sawer; Chilla Bulbeck; Carol Bacchi; Marilyn Lake

1986-01-01

117

Team 21 cheers during a contest at the FIRST event  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Members of the FIRST robotic team, ComBBat, from Central Florida's Astronaut and Titusville high schools, cheer and encourage the contestants during competition. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co- sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

118

Astronaut David Brown poses with ComBBat team  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Astronaut David Brown poses with members of the team known as ComBBat, representing Central Florida's Astronaut and Titusville high schools. ComBBat was teamed with Boeing at KSC and Brevard Community College. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition being held March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

119

Relation of adiposity and body fat distribution to body mass index in Australians of Aboriginal and European ancestry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To compare the relations of adiposity and body fat distribution to body mass index (BMI) in Australians of Aboriginal and European ancestry.Design: Cross-sectional volunteer samples.Setting: Australian Aboriginal communities in remote central and northern Australia, urban European Australians resident in Melbourne, Australia.Subjects: Healthy Aboriginal (130 women, 120 men) and European Australians (100 women, 47 men) with a BMI<30 kg\\/m2, aged

L S Piers; K G Rowley; M J Soares; K O'Dea

2003-01-01

120

Simulation of a Real-Time Local Data Integration System over East-Central Florida  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) simulated a real-time configuration of a Local Data Integration System (LDIS) using data from 15-28 February 1999. The objectives were to assess the utility of a simulated real-time LDIS, evaluate and extrapolate system performance to identify the hardware necessary to run a real-time LDIS, and determine the sensitivities of LDIS. The ultimate goal for running LDIS is to generate analysis products that enhance short-range (less than 6 h) weather forecasts issued in support of the 45th Weather Squadron, Spaceflight Meteorology Group, and Melbourne National Weather Service operational requirements. The simulation used the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) Data Analysis System (ADAS) software on an IBM RS/6000 workstation with a 67-MHz processor. This configuration ran in real-time, but not sufficiently fast for operational requirements. Thus, the AMU recommends a workstation with a 200-MHz processor and 512 megabytes of memory to run the AMU's configuration of LDIS in real-time. This report presents results from two case studies and several data sensitivity experiments. ADAS demonstrates utility through its ability to depict high-resolution cloud and wind features in a variety of weather situations. The sensitivity experiments illustrate the influence of disparate data on the resulting ADAS analyses.

Case, Jonathan

1999-01-01

121

Summary of Synoptic Meteorological Observations (SSMO). Australian Coastal Marine Areas. Volume 2. Area 9 - Melbourne SE. Area 10 - Tasmania East. Area 11 - Tasmania West. Area 12 - Cape Nelson. Area 13 - Spencer Gulf. Area 14 - Australian Bight SE. Area 15 - Australian Bight SW.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report marine climatological data for specific coastal areas in 21 different tables including weather occurrence, wind direction and speed, cloud amount, ceiling height, visibility, precipitation, dry bulb, relative humidity, air-sea temperature diff...

1977-01-01

122

Design feasibility via ascent optimality for next-generation spacecraft 1 1 Paper 1AF98-A.1.04 presented at the 49th International Astronautical Congress, Melbourne, Australia, 28 Sept–2 Oct, 1998. This paper is based on [1–4  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the optimization of the ascent trajectories for single-stage-sub-orbit (SSSO), single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO), and two-stage-to-orbit (TSTO) rocket-powered spacecraft. The maximum payload weight problem is studied for different values of the engine specific impulse and spacecraft structural factor.The main conclusions are that: feasibility of SSSO spacecraft is guaranteed for all the parameter combinations considered; feasibility of SSTO spacecraft depends

A. Miele; S. Mancuso

1999-01-01

123

Using Flow Regime Lightning and Sounding Climatologies to Initialize Gridded Lightning Threat Forecasts for East Central Florida  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Each morning, the forecasters at the National Weather Service in Melbourne, FL (NWS MLB) produce an experimental cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning threat index map for their county warning area (CWA) that is posted to their web site (http://www.srh.weather.gov/mlb/ghwo/lightning.shtml) . Given the hazardous nature of lightning in East Central Florida, especially during the warm season months of May September, these maps help users factor the threat of lightning, relative to their location, into their daily plans. The maps are color-coded in five levels from Very Low to Extreme, with threat level definitions based on the probability of lightning occurrence and the expected amount of CG activity. On a day in which thunderstorms are expected, there are typically two or more threat levels depicted spatially across the CWA. The locations of relative lightning threat maxima and minima often depend on the position and orientation of the low-level ridge axis, forecast propagation and interaction of sea/lake/outflow boundaries, expected evolution of moisture and stability fields, and other factors that can influence the spatial distribution of thunderstorms over the CWA. The lightning threat index maps are issued for the 24-hour period beginning at 1200 UTC each day with a grid resolution of 5 km x 5 km. Product preparation is performed on the AWIPS Graphical Forecast Editor (GFE), which is the standard NWS platform for graphical editing. Currently, the forecasters create each map manually, starting with a blank map. To improve efficiency of the forecast process, NWS MLB requested that the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) create gridded warm season lightning climatologies that could be used as first-guess inputs to initialize lightning threat index maps. The gridded values requested included CG strike densities and frequency of occurrence stratified by synoptic-scale flow regime. The intent is to improve consistency between forecasters while allowing them to focus on the mesoscale detail of the forecast, ultimately benefiting the end-users of the product. Several studies took place at the Florida State University (FSU) and NWS Tallahassee (TAE) in which they created daily flow regimes using Florida 1200 UTC synoptic soundings and CG strike densities, or number of strikes per specified area. The soundings used to determine the flow regimes were taken at Miami (MIA), Tampa (TBW), and Jacksonville (JAX), FL, and the lightning data for the strike densities came from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). The densities were created on a 2.5 km x 2.5 km grid for every hour of every day during the warm seasons in the years 1989-2004. The grids encompass an area that includes the entire state of Florida and adjacent Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico waters. Personnel at FSU and NWS TAE provided this data and supporting software for the work performed by the AMU.

Lambert, Winifred; Short, David; Wolkmer, Matthew; Sharp, David; Spratt, Scott

2006-01-01

124

Teams begin their preparations for the FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A crate containing a robot for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 is unloaded near the Rocket Garden at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. Inside the crate is 'RoccoBot,' the entry from The Space Coast FIRST Team, comprising students from Rockledge and Cocoa Beach High Schools. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at KSC, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

125

Closing ceremonies of the FIRST Southeast Regional robotics competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Members of the team known as Heatwave, from St. Petersburg, Fla., get 'high fives' from Jim Jennings (wearing a straw hat), KSC's deputy director for Business Operations, during closing ceremonies for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition held at the KSC Visitor Complex. Heatwave came in second for the final competition, plus received awards for Number One Seed, Best Offensive round, and the DaimlerChrysler Team Spirit. Teams of high school students from all over the country tested the limits of their imagination using robots they designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at the Southeast Regional event, 16 were Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

126

Team members cheer their team during FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Members of a FIRST robotic team cheer their teammates on during early competition at the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition held March 9-11 in the KSC Visitor Complex Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students from all over the country are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at the Southeast Regional event, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

127

Team 408 prepares for the FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Roboticks team (408) carries their robot, which is named R2K, during the FIRST competition. The team of students from Blanche Ely High School in Ft. Lauderdale was co-sponsored by Nortel Networks and NASA Kennedy Space Center. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

128

Closing ceremonies of the FIRST Southeast Regional robotics competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At the conclusion of the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition held at the KSC Visitor Complex, the Center's Deputy Director for Business Operations Jim Jennings presents shirts to Dave Alonso (left) and Eduardo Lopez del Castillo (right). Alonso, who is chief of the Program Control Contract Office, helped make possible the KSC sponsorship of the event. Castillo helped introduce the FIRST organization to KSC several years ago. Teams of high school students from all over the country tested the limits of their imagination using robots they designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at the Southeast Regional event, 16 were Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

129

Teams begin their preparations for the FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Students from high schools around the United States busily prepare their robots for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 at the KSC Visitor Complex. In the front is a team called Lightning, from Dr. Michael M. Krop Senior High School in Miami, Fla. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at KSC, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

130

Team 278 gets help from KSC machine shop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Hero Team (278) robot, named Hero, is repaired in a Kennedy Space Center research and development machine shop. The team of Edgewater High School students was co-sponsored by NASA Kennedy Space Center and Honeywell. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

131

Closing ceremonies of the FIRST Southeast Regional robotics competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The team known as Heatwave, from St. Petersburg, Fla., celebrates after their win at the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition held at the KSC Visitor Complex. They came in second for the final competition, plus received awards for Number One Seed, Best Offensive round, and the DaimlerChrysler Team Spirit. Teams of high school students from all over the country tested the limits of their imagination using robots they designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at the Southeast Regional event, 16 were Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

132

FIRST robots compete  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

FIRST teams and their robots work to go through the right motions at the FIRST competition. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

133

Teams begin their preparations for the FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Students from high schools around the United States busily prepare their robots for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 at the KSC Visitor Complex. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at KSC, 16 are Florida teams co- sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

134

Team 278 gets help from KSC machine shop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Hero Team (278) gets some help from a Kennedy Space Center research and development machine shop in repairing their robot, named Hero. The team of Edgewater High School students was co- sponsored by NASA Kennedy Space Center and Honeywell. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co- sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

135

Team 233 prepares for FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Coast FIRST Team (233) works on their robot, which is named RoccoBot, during the FIRST competition. The team of students from Rockledge and Cocoa Beach high schools was co- sponsored by NASA Kennedy Space Center, Lockheed Martin and Dynacs. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

136

FIRST teams watch the competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

FIRST teams watch robots in action during the FIRST competition. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

137

Closing ceremonies of the FIRST Southeast Regional robotics competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The crowd filling the bleachers cheer and applaud during the closing presentations of the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition held at the KSC Visitor Complex. Teams of high school students from all over the country tested the limits of their imagination using robots they designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at the Southeast Regional event, 16 were Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

138

Closing ceremonies of the FIRST Southeast Regional robotics competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Crowds of students, friends and family fill the bleachers to cheer and applaud during the closing presentations of the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition held at the KSC Visitor Complex. Teams of high school students from all over the country tested the limits of their imagination using robots they designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at the Southeast Regional event, 16 were Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

139

Crowd enjoys the FIRST event  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

FIRST team members and friends enjoy the FIRST event. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co- sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

140

Team 393 robot scores in FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Bee Bots team (393) robot, named Dr. Beevil, scores by gathering balls. The team is composed of students from Morristown Jr. and Sr. high schools in Morristown, Ind., and is co-sponsored by NASA Kennedy Space Center and IPT Inc. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

141

Closing ceremonies of the FIRST Southeast Regional robotics competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At the conclusion of the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition held at the KSC Visitor Complex, KSC Deputy Director for Business Operations Jim Jennings speaks to the teams and other attendees. At left is Gregg Gale, with Walt Disney World, which is the site of the national competition (at EPCOT) April 6-8. Teams of high school students from all over the country tested the limits of their imagination using robots they designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at the Southeast Regional event, 16 were Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

142

Astronaut David Brown talks to FIRST team members  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Astronaut David Brown talks with FIRST team members, Baxter Bomb Squad, from Mountain Home High School, Mountain Home, Ariz., during the FIRST competition. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

143

Astronaut David Brown talks with team members from Lake Buena Vista, Fla  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Astronaut David Brown chats with members of the Explorers team, from Lake Buena Vista, Fla., during the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition held March 9-11 in the KSC Visitor Complex Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students from all over the country are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at the Southeast Regional event, 16 are Florida teams co-sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

144

Astronaut David Brown talks with team members from South Carolina  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Astronaut David Brown looks over the robot named 'L'il Max' with members of the team The Bot Kickers! from Northwestern High School, Rock Hill, S.C. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition being held March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co- sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

145

Recreating place: Little Lon  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1948, Little Lon was razed to the ground. Almost every visible vestige of the vibrant, multicultural, working-class community of Little Lon was lost. All that remained in popular consciousness was an image of Little Lon as a slum, riddled with poverty, prostitution and drug addiction.This myth has been challenged in Melbourne Museum's new exhibition The Melbourne Story, in which

Charlotte H. F. Smith; Deborah Tout-Smith

2010-01-01

146

A comparison of air particulate matter and associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in some tropical and temperate urban environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 12 month study of urban concentrations of total suspended particulates (TSP) and 20 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) was carried out in Seoul (South Korea), Hong Kong, Bangkok (Thailand), Jakarta (Indonesia) and Melbourne (Australia). Concentrations of particulate matter in the atmosphere varied widely between the cities over the course of the study, ranging from a low of 24.1?gm?3 in Melbourne

B. C. Panther; M. A. Hooper; N. J. Tapper

1999-01-01

147

Business Use of the Internet in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides summary statistics of Internet usage by Australian businesses using several data sources. Aggregate statistics are provided from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Business Use of Information Technology. More detailed information on firm characteristics and Internet usage are provided from the Melbourne Institute Business Survey, conducted by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research. Despite

Joanne Loundes

2002-01-01

148

Cost Focussed Firms and Internet Usage  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at Internet usage by Australian firms that have a cost focussed competitive strategy. The data source for this analysis is the Melbourne Institute Business Survey, conducted by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research. The survey was conducted in late 2001, and targeted large Australian firms. Instrumental variables estimation found that cost-focussed organizations utilised the

Joanne Loundes

2002-01-01

149

Creating an Information Base for an Individualized Support System in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Open University's general data management and file processing system which allows it to assist selectively and efficiently the work of the tutor-counselors in their support of the individual student. (Available: School of External Studies, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, 167 Franklin Street, Melbourne, Victoria 3000,…

Sewart, David

1980-01-01

150

Home Space: Youth Identification in the Greek Diaspora  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on a larger study on schooling and diaspora using the case of the Greek community of Melbourne, Australia to examine processes of identification of young people with access to minority cultures. The Melbourne Greek community is long-standing, diverse, and well-established. Because of this, the young people involved in this study…

Tsolidis, Georgina; Pollard, Vikki

2010-01-01

151

A Proposal for an Educational Radio Station  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article outlines a specific proposal for an educational radio station, drafted by the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (R. M. I. T.), to fill gaps in the current Australian broadcasting structure. The station would provide for student training in both technical and production areas while providing alternative radio for Melbourne and…

Hedberg, John G.

1974-01-01

152

Survival of insects in the wheel bays of a Boeing 747B aircraft on flights between tropical and temperate airports  

PubMed Central

Mosquitos (Culex quinquefasciatus), house flies (Musca domestica), and flour beetles (Tribolium confusum) located in cages within the wheel bays of a Boeing 747B aircraft, survived travel on the following normal commercial routes: Sydney—Melbourne; Melbourne—Singapore; Singapore—Bangkok; Bangkok—Singapore; and Singapore—Melbourne. Survival of all three species was high, averaging 84% for mosquitos and higher for flies (93%) and beetles (>99%). Although external temperatures were -42 °C to -54 °C for aircraft cruising at 10 700-11 900 m, minimum temperatures within the wheel bays ranged from +8 °C to +25 °C.

Russell, R. C.

1987-01-01

153

Review of ?Managing Arsenic in the Environment: From Soil to Hman Health?  

EPA Science Inventory

This is a book review of "Managing Arsenic in the Environment: From Soil to Human Health," R. Naidu, E. Smith, G. Owens, P. Bhattacharya, and P. Nadebaum eds., CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Australia, 656 pp.,...

154

75 FR 65511 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Network Centric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...provisions limiting the recovery of antitrust plaintiffs to actual damages under specified circumstances. Specifically, Mosaic ATM, Leesburg, VA; NorthStar Group, LLC, Washington, DC; Luciad, Leuven, BELGIUM; SYPAQ, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA; and...

2010-10-25

155

Environmental Education: Its Place in the Curriculum and Its Relationship to Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion paper considers the definitions and objectives of environmental education, and the role of the school subject areas in an interdisciplinary approach. Available from Government Printing Office, P. O. Box 203, North Melbourne 3051, Victoria, Australia. (Author)

Cole, Alan

1975-01-01

156

77 FR 36292 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Border Security...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Security Technology Consortium Notice is hereby given...National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...Security Technology Consortium (``BSTC'') has...Melbourne, FL; Vista Research, Arlington, VA; Ball...Arlington, VA. The general area of BSTC's...

2012-06-18

157

Overview of RoboCup2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fourth Robotic Soccer World Championships was held from August 27th to September 3rd, 2000, at the Melbourne Exhibition\\u000a Center in Melbourne, Australia. In total, 83 teams, consisting of about watched the events. RoboCup-2000 showed dramatic improvement\\u000a over past years in each of the existing robotic soccer leagues (legged, smallsize, mid-size, and simulation), while introducing\\u000a RoboCup Jr. competitions and RoboCup

Peter Stone; Minoru Asada; Tucker R. Balch; Masahiro Fujita; Gerhard K. Kraetzschmar; Henrik Hautop Lund; Paul Scerri; Satoshi Tadokoro; Gordon Wyeth

2000-01-01

158

RoboCup2000: The Fourth Robotic Soccer World Championships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fourth Robotic Soccer World Championships was held from August 27th to September 3rd, 2000,at the Melbourne Exhibition Center in Melbourne, Australia. In total, 83 teams, consisting of about 500people, participated in RoboCup-2000 and about 5,000 spectators watched the events. RoboCup-2000showed dramatic improvement over past years in each of the existing robotic soccer leagues (legged,small-size, mid-size, and simulation), while introducing

Peter Stone Ed

2000-01-01

159

Reviews and notices  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE LIFE OF CAPTAIN JAMES COOK by J. C. Beaglehole. 16 by 25 cm, xi and 760 pages, text figures, plates. Black, London 1974 (ISBN 0 7136 1382 3) $A16.00RURAL INDUSTRY IN THE PORT PHILLIP REGION 1835–1880 by L. J. Peel. 19 by 25 cm, xiv and 196 pages, text figures, tables. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne 1974 (ISBN 0 522

Michael E. Hoare; J. M. Powell; Craig Duncan; John Rutherford; E. J. Hickin; R. T. Jackson; P. P. Courtenay; Frank J. B. Stilwell; M. I. Logan; R. G. Golledge; Malcolm A. Murray; Bob Fagan; David M. Chapman; A. Shepherd; J. B. Kirkpatrick; Philip Tilley; Gerard F. van Tets; A. J. Parsons; J. G. Speight; P. J. Hughes

1976-01-01

160

Determinants of Household Saving in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper uses a unique survey of consumers,(incorporating the Melbourne In- stitute Household Savings Survey and the Westpac-Melbourne Institute Survey of Consumer,Sentiment) to examine,the determinants,of Australian household,sav- ing. Unit records from 17,700 Australian households are available, which enables the incorporation,of a range of household,characteristics that may,be important factors for saving behaviour, but which are not typically available to researchers

Mark N; Joanne Loundes; Elizabeth Webster

2002-01-01

161

HOUSEHOLD SAVING BEHAVIOUR IN AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract A paucity of reliable Australian household data means that very little is known,about household saving behaviour in Australia, despite the importance of understanding saving behaviour from a policy perspective. This paper aims to contribute to our understanding of Australian household saving—and,saving intentions—by using the Melbourne Institute Household Saving Surveyand the Westpac-Melbourne Institute Survey of Consumer,Sentimentto consider the motives,for Australian

JOANNE LOUNDES

2001-01-01

162

Australian liberalism and corporatism  

Microsoft Academic Search

George Brandis, Tom Harley and Don Markwell (eds), Liberals face the Future: Essays on Australian Liberalism, Melbourne, Oxford University Press, 1984, pp. 386, $14.99 (paper) and Katharine West, The Revolution in Australian Politics, Melbourne, Penguin Books, 1984, pp. 116, $4.95 (paper).John Rickard, H.B. Higgins: the rebel as judge. Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1984, pp.350. $29.95 (cloth).Stuart Macintyre, Militant: the life

Allan Patience; Mark Finanne; Terry Wood; Frank Cain; A. W. Martin; Ciaran OFaircheallaigh; Peter Williams; Jenny Hutchison; Braham Dabscheck; Brian Head; Geoff Skene; Stephen Garton; E. D. Daw; Roderic Pitty; Peter Aimer; Bruce McFarlane; Angus MacIntyre; David Goldsworthy; Tony Smith; Ian McAllister; Dennis Woodward; David Y. Mayer; J. M. Barbalet; John Uhr; Geoff Stokes; David Boucher; Conal Condren; Chilla Bulbeck; Marian Sawer

1985-01-01

163

Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Meagre Harvest: The Australian Women's Movement, 1950s?1990s. By Gisela Kaplan. Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1996. Pp. xiii + 242. $29.95 paper.The Christesen Romance. By Judith Armstrong. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1996. $29.95. Pp. 225 paper.The Politics of Australian Child Care: From Philanthropy to Feminism. By Deborah Brennan. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994. Pp. xii + 242. $29.95 paper.Fair Enough:

Mary Spongberg; Humphrey McQueen; Shurlee Swain; Richard Waterhouse; Klaus Neumann; Jill Julius Matthews; Allan Gardiner; Stuart Macintyre; Marjorie Theobald; Jonathan Lamb; Tim Rowse; Cecily Close; Ian Inkster; Barrie Dyster; Lyn Yates; Elizabeth Mcmahon; Lyndall Ryan; Paul Magee; Alan Frost; Jill Roe

1997-01-01

164

@central park  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Central Park Conservancy, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to restoring, improving, and managing Central Park's grounds and facilities, offers this "official" site, which contains a wealth of information about what is arguably the world's most famous city park. Each of the site's sections contains useful or interesting information; the Then & Now section, for instance, offers an overview of Central Park's history, a bibliography with 43 entries for those seeking further information, and a list of movies with scenes set in the park. Another highlight of the site is the Virtual Park, which consists of a set of clickable maps through which users can explore 72 points of interest, each described in the affectionate style of a travel guidebook. The site's other sections include such features as events schedules, press releases, information on when and where particular varieties of flowers bloom, and a section devoted entirely to activities for families and children. This site will be especially useful to those who are planning a visit to Central Park, but other users will likely find it informative and entertaining as well.

165

Halloween Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Halloween is coming up, and this site will help readers prepare for an evening of ghouls, goblins, and other nasties. Halloween Central is a fairly extensive metasite with links to a wide variety of Halloween resources, including costumes, clip art, recipes, haunted houses, Halloween safety, and pumpkins, among many others.

166

Rod centralizer  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a well tool. It includes a pump rod and a centralizer having a single piece cylindrical body rigidly mounted on the rod, an upper pair of ribs integral with an upper portion of the body and extending outwardly therefrom in opposite directions, and a lower pair of ribs integral with a lower portion of the body and extending outwardly therefrom in opposite directions. The lower pair of ribs being displaced on the body from the upper pair of ribs ninety degrees about the central longitudinal axis of the rod, the body having a circumferential intermediate portion integral with the upper and lower portions between the top ends of the lower ribs and the bottom ends of the upper pair of ribs, the intermediate portion of the body being of lower mechanical strength than the portions thereof provided with the ribs.

Sable, D.E.

1991-03-05

167

Central Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Begun in 1996, the International Crisis Group's (ICG) Central Africa Project analyzes political and ethnic conflict within and between the nations that straddle mid-Africa, including the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi, Angola, Uganda, and Rwanda. As part of that effort ICG has released over twelve full text reports in the last year (a few in French only). The two most recent in-depth reports are: "Africa's Seven-Nation War," which examines how the armies of seven African nations have been drawn into the rebellion against DRC President Laurent Dsir Kabila; and "How Kabila Lost His Way," which traces the foundation of the Kabila regime and seeks to discover why it has engendered both internal and external opposition. Well-researched and fully footnoted, yet written with a non-specialist audience in mind, these reports are a good resource for both students and general readers with an interest in the current situation in Central Africa.

1996-01-01

168

PE Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Virginia Polytechnic Institute Health and Physical Education Program developed this site, a clearinghouse of information about K-12 physical education and health. An extensive list of lesson plans and assessment ideas, arranged topically and by grade level, is the focal point of this site; the Classroom Teacher Lesson Ideas uses PE "across the curriculum" to help students learn concepts in other subjects. PE Central provides information for PE professionals on relevant journals, job announcements, and equipment purchases, among other topics.

1996-01-01

169

When smoke comes to town - effects of biomass burning smoke on air quality down under  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Annually, biomass burning results in the emission of quantities of trace gases and aerosol to the atmosphere. Biomass burning emissions have a significant effect on atmospheric chemistry due to the presence of reactive species. Biomass burning aerosols influence the radiative balance of the earth-atmosphere system directly through the scattering and absorption of radiation, and indirectly through their influence on cloud microphysical processes, and therefore constitute an important forcing in climate models. They also reduce visibility, influence atmospheric photochemistry and can be inhaled into the deepest parts of the lungs, so that they can have a significant effect on human health. Australia experiences bushfires on an annual basis. In most years fires are restricted to the tropical savannah forests of Northern Australia. However in the summer of 2006/2007 (December 2006 - February 2007), South Eastern Australia was affected by the longest recorded fires in its history. During this time the State of Victoria was ravaged by 690 separate bushfires, including the major Great Divide Fire, which devastated 1,048,238 hectares over 69 days. On several occasions, thick smoke haze was transported to the Melbourne central business district and PM10 concentrations at several air quality monitoring stations peaked at over 200 µg m-3 (four times the National Environment Protection Measure PM10 24 hour standard). During this period, a comprehensive suite of air quality measurements was carried out at a location 25 km south of the Melbourne CBD, including detailed aerosol microphysical and chemical composition measurements. Here we examine the chemical and physical properties of the smoke plume as it impacted Melbourne's air shed and discuss its impact on air quality over the city. We estimate the aerosol emission rates of the source fires, the age of the plumes and investigate the transformation of the smoke as it progressed from its source to the Melbourne airshed. We show that the smoke plumes that reached Melbourne during the summer of 2006/2007 resulted in elevated concentrations of particles and gases relative to non-fire impacted periods. The age of the plume was greater when smoke reached Melbourne (note that in our calculation of the plume age we do not distinguish between smoke and anthropogenic plumes). In addition, the older smoke plumes (30 hours) displayed higher concentrations of a number of gaseous and aerosol species relative to the younger smoke plumes (3 hours), particularly secondary reaction products, while the younger smoke plumes had higher concentrations of biomass burning marker compounds. This suggests that the enhanced photochemical activity in the smoke plumes significantly changes the aerosol composition of the smoke, potentially affecting the optical and thus radiative properties of the aerosol. This has implications for the modelling of aged smoke in chemical transport and climate models.

Keywood, Melita; Cope, Martin; (C. P) Meyer, Mick; Iinuma, Yoshi; Emmerson, Kathryn

2014-05-01

170

Sonnet Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by a dedicated sonnet aficionado, Sonnet Central is not intended for the scholar, per se, but for the reader, the Internaut with a weakness for poetry. The site contains a collection of English-language sonnets, grouped by period and region or by author, and modernized for contemporary readers. Pictures, contemporaneous critical works, a bibliography, and audio files of readings of selected poems complement the sonnets, some of which are maintained off-site (many at the University of Toronto). From Shakespeare to Wilfred Owen, selections from many well-known sonneteers are here alongside those of their less famous contemporaries.

171

Central hypothyroidism  

PubMed Central

Central hypothyroidism is defined as hypothyroidism due to insufficient stimulation by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) of an otherwise normal thyroid gland. It has an estimated prevalence of approximately 1 in 80,000 to 1 in 120,000. It can be secondary hypothyroidism (pituitary) or tertiary hypothyroidism (hypothalamus) in origin. In children, it is usually caused by craniopharyngiomas or previous cranial irradiation for brain tumors or hematological malignancies. In adults, it is usually due to pituitary macroadenomas, pituitary surgeries or post-irradiation. Fatigue and peripheral edema are the most specific clinical features. Diagnosis is established by the presence of normal to low-normal TSH on the background of low-normal thyroid hormones, confirmed by the thyrotropin releasing hormone stimulation test. Therapy includes use of levothyroxine titrated to improvement in symptomology and keeping free T4 in the upper limit of normal reference range.

Gupta, Vishal; Lee, Marilyn

2011-01-01

172

Debate Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Courtesy of the National Center for Policy Analysis (NCPA), Debate-Central.org offers resources related to this year's National Forensic League high school debate topic: "Resolved: That the United States federal government should establish a foreign policy significantly limiting the use of weapons of mass destruction." The site, which is updated daily, features a wealth of links sorted into ten categories (each of which is further divided into subcategories). Resources are collected from periodicals, think tanks, and other sources, and the collection should be useful not just for debaters but for anyone looking for authoritative resources on these topics. Other debate topics are listed on the right-hand side of the page, though these are covered in a less comprehensive manner. Also at the site is a bulletin board, through which users can ask questions of experts such as Dr. Hans Mark, former Secretary of the Air Force and Deputy Administrator of NASA, and a link to NCPA's Terrorism in America site. NCPA's mission is "to develop and promote private alternatives to government regulation and control, solving problems by relying on the strength of the competitive, entrepreneurial private sector."

2001-01-01

173

Teams begin their preparations for the FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Students and advisors are busy setting up their robots for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 at the KSC Visitor Complex. Team 243 (left) comprises students from Fredrick Douglass High School and employees of Lockheed Martin Aeronautical Systems, from Marietta, Ga. The uncrated entry from Team 233 is at right. It was built by The Space Coast FIRST Team, comprising students from Rockledge and Cocoa Beach High Schools, with NASA, Lockheed Martin and Dynacs as sponsors. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing at KSC, 16 are Florida teams co- sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

174

Team 282 prepares for the FIRST competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Orange Crusher team (282) works on their robot, which is named Rust Bot, during the FIRST competition. The team of students from Lake Howell, Winter Springs and Orange Christian Private high schools was co-sponsored by NASA Kennedy Space Center, Matern Professional Engineering The Foundation, Control Technologies, Lucent Technologies and Sandy Engineering. Students from all over the country are at the KSC Visitor Complex for the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Southeast Regional competition March 9-11 in the Rocket Garden. Teams of high school students are testing the limits of their imagination using robots they have designed, with the support of business and engineering professionals and corporate sponsors, to compete in a technological battle against other schools' robots. Of the 30 high school teams competing, 16 are Florida teams co- sponsored by NASA and KSC contractors. Local high schools participating are Astronaut, Bayside, Cocoa Beach, Eau Gallie, Melbourne, Melbourne Central Catholic, Palm Bay, Rockledge, Satellite, and Titusville.

2000-01-01

175

Collaborative development of anatomy workshops for medical and dental students in Cambodia.  

PubMed

After Phnom Penh was liberated from the Khmer Rouge in 1979, health science education in Cambodia had to be completely rebuilt. In this article, the authors report the results of a teaching collaboration between the University of Melbourne (Australia), the International University (Cambodia), and the University of Health Sciences (Cambodia). The main objectives in this collaboration were to provide the opportunity for dental and medical students in Cambodia to attend resourced anatomy workshops and to provide an opportunity for anatomy teachers in Cambodia to gain experience in implementing anatomy workshops of the style that are routinely used in the medical and dental curricula at the University of Melbourne. Experienced anatomy educators from the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Melbourne, designed and resourced a series of workshops and then delivered these in collaboration with Cambodian teaching staff in Phnom Penh. The Cambodian students who participated in the workshops were incredibly engaged and enthusiastic. The students' evaluations (by questionnaire) indicated a very positive response to the workshops. All of the workshop resources were donated to the two universities so that the staff could continue to implement similar workshops, and plans were developed to continue our collaboration by developing more resourced workshops for this purpose in the future. Two staff members from Cambodia will travel to Melbourne to participate in anatomy workshops and dissection classes at the University of Melbourne. We hope that this extension of the collaboration provides further support and impetus for the development of anatomy education in Cambodia in the future. PMID:21710643

Hayes, Jennifer A; Ivanusic, Jason J; le Roux, Cara M; Hatzopoulos, Kate; Gonsalvez, David; Hong, Someth; Durward, Callum

2011-01-01

176

Central bank Financial Independence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central bank independence is a multifaceted institutional design. The financial component has been seldom analysed. This paper intends to set a comprehensive conceptual background for central bank financial independence. Quite often central banks are modelled as robot like maximizers of some goal. This perspective neglects the fact that central bank functions are inevitably deployed on its balance sheet and have

J. Ramon Martinez-Resano

2004-01-01

177

Central Limit Theorem  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from David Lane features a description of the central limit theorem used in statistics. Examples of frequency distributions are shown, and there is also a link to an interactive demonstration of the central limit theorem.

Lane, David M.

178

Central line infections - hospitals  

MedlinePLUS

... and increase how long you are in the hospital. Your central line needs special care to prevent ... The hospital staff will use aseptic technique when a central line is put in your chest or arm. Aseptic ...

179

Martian Central Pit Craters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Impact craters containing central pits are rare on the terrestrial planets but common on icy bodies. Mars is the exception among the terrestrial planets, where central pits are seen on crater floors ('floor pits') as well as on top of central peaks ('summ...

E. Hillman N. G. Barlow

2005-01-01

180

Centrality of Cognitive Attributes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops measures of individual differences in attribute centrality, investigates convergent validity, and explores differences in central and noncentral attribute functions within same person. University students in three countries completed questionnaires. Four relative centrality measures correlated with information required to make decisions…

Scott, William A.; And Others

1980-01-01

181

Human cases of cattle ringworm due to Trichophyton verrucosum in Victoria, Australia.  

PubMed

Between 1962 and 1994, 32 isolates of Trichophyton verrucosum from cases of tinea corporis, tinea faciei and tinea capitis were referred to the Mycology Reference Laboratory of the Microbiological Diagnostic Unit at The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Patients had presented at clinics in metropolitan Melbourne and country towns in the State of Victoria, Australia. They included dairy and cattle farmers, a slaughterman who worked in an abattoir, a veterinary tutor and children who lived on farms. Many patients lived in one of the three dairy farming areas of Victoria. A few lived in the outer suburbs of Melbourne. One cattle farmer came from south-east New South Wales. Specimens were not received for examination from animal contacts of the patients. The only patient from overseas was a boy from Lebanon. The literature recording human infections due to T. verrucosum in Australia is reviewed. PMID:10812701

Maslen, M M

2000-05-01

182

Martian Central Pit Craters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Impact craters containing central pits are rare on the terrestrial planets but common on icy bodies. Mars is the exception among the terrestrial planets, where central pits are seen on crater floors ( floor pits ) as well as on top of central peaks ( summit pits ). Wood et al. [1] proposed that degassing of subsurface volatiles during crater formation produced central pits. Croft [2] argued instead that central pits might form during the impact of volatile-rich comets. Although central pits are seen in impact craters on icy moons such as Ganymede, they do show some significant differences from their martian counterparts: (a) only floor pits are seen on Ganymede, and (b) central pits begin to occur at crater diameters where the peak ring interior morphology begins to appear in terrestrial planet craters [3]. A study of craters containing central pits was conducted by Barlow and Bradley [4] using Viking imagery. They found that 28% of craters displaying an interior morphology on Mars contain central pits. Diameters of craters containing central pits ranged from 16 to 64 km. Barlow and Bradley noted that summit pit craters tended to be smaller than craters containing floor pits. They also noted a correlation of central pit craters with the proposed rings of large impact basins. They argued that basin ring formation fractured the martian crust and allowed subsurface volatiles to concentrate in these locations. They favored the model that degassing of the substrate during crater formation was responsible for central pit formation due to the preferential location of central pit craters along these basin rings.

Hillman, E.; Barlow, N. G.

2005-01-01

183

Wetlands of Central America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wetlands of seven Central American countries – Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panamá – are reviewed. The region's wetlands are classified into five systems: marine, estuarine, riverine, lacustrine, and palustrine. At a minimum, wetlands cover ˜40,000 km2 (˜8%) of the land area of Central America. These wetlands support high levels of biological diversity, especially of

Aaron M. Ellison

2004-01-01

184

Are Central Banks necessary?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two recent studies use history and theory to examine the likely consequences of eliminating government intervention in the provision of money. Such proposals would end the central bank monopoly over note issue and replace it with note issues by competing banks. Supervisory functions of central banks would be dispensed with. Accordingly, the proposals would free banks from all regulations on

Anna J. Schwartz

1993-01-01

185

Back to central tolerance.  

PubMed

The establishment and maintenance of immunological tolerance entails both central and peripheral mechanisms. The latter have been highlighted in the past several years, mostly because of great interest in the activities of regulatory T cells. However, an important role for central tolerance mechanisms has been reemphasized by recent results on human autoimmune diseases, including APECED and type 1 diabetes. PMID:15142520

Mathis, Diane; Benoist, Christophe

2004-05-01

186

Central Pontine Myelinolysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a demyelinating disease of the pons often associated with demyelination of other areas of the central nervous system (CNS). The term ‘osmotic demyelinization syndrome’ is used for pontine and extrapontine myelinolysis. In this paper, we are concerned with CPM although the extrapontine one is based on the same pathogenesis. Both share the diagnostic methods, and

Christian Lampl; Kambiz Yazdi

2002-01-01

187

Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia  

PubMed Central

Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia is a common cause of progressive permanent apical alopecia. This unique form of alopecia includes entities previously know as “hot comb alopecia,” “follicular degeneration syndrome,” “pseudopelade” in African Americans and “central elliptical pseudopelade” in Caucasians. The etiology appears to be multifactorial and the condition occurs in all races.

Blattner, Collin; Polley, Dennis C.; Ferritto, Frank; Elston, Dirk M.

2013-01-01

188

Central American update  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Central American Energy Resources Project is designed to help the countries of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama develop their geothermal resources. Auxiliary project goals are to increase economic development and employment in Central America; to provide a scientific basis for the private sector to develop natural resources; and to provide scientific training to in-country scientists, engineers,

1987-01-01

189

Central Banking Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Central Banks of the World is a pointers page to central banks and central bank information for over 45 countries, as well as multilateral financial institutions, research and training establishments, and conference information. To show how little is generally known about the history of central banking in the United States, this site includes an email message sent to the webmaster of the First Bank of the United States, promoting a certain software company's web interactivity applications. Of course, since the First Bank of the United States was closed in 1811, its web site is primarily historical. The Central Banks site lists over 30 Internet directories and pointers pages that list the First Bank of the United States as a functioning financial institution. To help remedy this situation, the site includes a pointer to a brief history of banking in the US.

1996-01-01

190

Central diffraction at ALICE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ALICE experiment is shown to be well suited for studies of exclusive final states from central diffractive reactions. The gluon-rich environment of the central system allows detailed QCD studies and searches for exotic meson states, such as glueballs, hybrids and new charmonium-like states. It would also provide a good testing ground for detailed studies of heavy quarkonia. Due to its central barrel performance, ALICE can accurately measure the low-mass central systems with good purity. The efficiency of the Forward Multiplicity Detector (FMD) and the Forward Shower Counter (FSC) system for detecting rapidity gaps is shown to be adequate for the proposed studies. With this detector arrangement, valuable new data can be obtained by tagging central diffractive processes.

Lämsä, J. W.; Orava, R.

2011-02-01

191

Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Quarter's Highlights incllude: completion of the second phase of verifying the performance of the MesoNAM weather model at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS). (1) The data was delivered to the 45th Weather Squadron (45 WS) and the final report was distributed (2) Staff completed modifying and updating lightning c1imatologies for KSC/CCAFS and other airfields around central Florida. We delivered the tool to the National Weather Service in Melbourne and 45 WS and distributed the final report (3) Staff completed modifying the AMU peak wind tool by analyzing wind tower data to determine peak wind behavior during times of onshore and offshore flow. This was delivered the to the 45 WS and distributed the final report.

Bauman, William; Crawford, Winifred; Watson, Leela; Wheeler, Mark

2011-01-01

192

Observation Denial and Performance of a Local Mesoscale Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

.Forecasters at the 45th Weather Squadron (45 WS) use observations from the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) wind tower network and the CCAFS (XMR) daily rawinsonde observations (RAOB) to issue and verify wind advisories and warnings for operations. These observations are also used by the National Weather Service (NWS) Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG) in Houston, Texas and the NWS Melbourne, Florida (NWS MLB) to initialize their locally-run mesoscale models. In addition, SMG uses these observations to support shuttle landings at the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF). Due to impending budget cuts, some or all of the wind towers on the east-central Florida mainland and the XMR RAOBs may be eliminated. The locations of the mainland towers and XMR RAOB site are shown in Figure 1. The loss of these data may impact the forecast capability of the 45 WS, SMG and NWS MLB.

Watson, Leela R.; Bauman, William H., III

2009-01-01

193

Central Force JS Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Central Force JavaScript Model computes the trajectory of a particle acted on by a central force.  The model reads uses a JavaScript mathematical expression parser to read the force and a adaptive step Runge-Kutta 5(4) algorithm to compute the trajectory.  This model is designed to test the speed of the JS parser and the accuracy of the EJS JavaScript ODE solver. The Central Force JS Model was developed using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) version 5. It is distributed as a ready-to-run html page and requires only a browser with JavaScript support.

Christian, Wolfgang

2013-09-01

194

MoneyCentral  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MoneyCentral is a new personal finance site by Microsoft now in public beta test. An expanded and more user-friendly form of MSN's Money Insider (discussed in the October 23, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics), MoneyCentral encompasses a wide variety of guides and tools on everything from Family Financing to Real Estate, Taxes and Investing. Visitors may view the full range of MoneyCentral topics from a clearly-arranged and clickable site map among other helpful links.

1999-01-01

195

Is Central Bank Transparency Desirable?  

Microsoft Academic Search

I analyse central bank transparency when the central bank's objective function is its private information. Non-transparency exists when the public does not observe the action of the central bank and an unobservable component of the inflation-control error keeps the public from using its observation of inflation to infer perfectly the central bank's action, and hence, the central bank's objective. The

Anne C. Sibert

2006-01-01

196

Central ballast tanker design  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to present the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER Design. This design is intended to reduce the volume of oil spilled from tankers by giving the crew a tanker properly designed and equipped to allow large quantities of oil from ruptured tank(s) to flow safely to a fully-inerted central ballast tank. In addition to reducing the volume of oil spilled, the design also addresses many of the shortcomings of the DOUBLE HULL DESIGN which are increasingly becoming a concern. The following is a brief review of the development of the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER. The simple operational features, stability, low cost and ease of maintenance of the single hull tanker were important and can be retained with the CENTRAL BALLAST DESIGN.

NONE

1997-01-01

197

Central American Resource Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working with five Central American countries to assist in the development of their energy and mineral resources. Since 1985, mineral resources in Costa Rica, peat resources in Costa Rica and Panama, geothermal energ...

E. Van Eeckhout A. W. Laughlin

1989-01-01

198

Central Pontine Myelinolysis  

MedlinePLUS

... Central Pontine Myelinolysis Information Page Synonym(s): Extrapontine Myelinolysis Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What ... intellectual impairment or movement disorders like parkinsonism or tremor. Anyone, including adults and children, who undergoes a ...

199

Exploring Central Tendency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is designed for 6th grade students. Student will work in small groups to apply central tendency to a real world scenario to finally answer the age old question of "when will I ever use this."

Friske, Monica

2012-08-14

200

Central Diffraction in ALICE  

SciTech Connect

The ALICE experiment consists of a central barrel in the pseudorapidity range -0.9<{eta}<0.9 and of additional detectors covering about 3 units of pseudorapidity on either side of the central barrel. Such a geometry allows the tagging of single and double gap events. The status of the analysis of such diffractive events in proton-proton collisions at {radical}(s) = 7 TeV is presented.

Schicker, R. [Phys. Inst., Philosophenweg 12, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-07-15

201

Diabetes Insipidus, Central (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... Tips: Baseball Pregnant? Your Baby's Growth A to Z: Diabetes Insipidus, Central KidsHealth > Parents > A to Z > ... More to Know Keep in Mind A to Z: Diabetes Insipidus, Central In central diabetes insipidus, the ...

202

CENTRAL PLATEAU REMEDIATION  

SciTech Connect

A systematic approach to closure planning is being implemented at the Hanford Site's Central Plateau to help achieve the goal of closure by the year 2035. The overall objective of Central Plateau remediation is to protect human health and the environment from the significant quantity of contaminated material that resulted from decades of plutonium production in support of the nation's defense. This goal will be achieved either by removing contaminants or placing the residual contaminated materials in a secure configuration that minimizes further migration to the groundwater and reduces the potential for inadvertent intrusion into contaminated sites. The approach to Central Plateau cleanup used three key concepts--closure zones, closure elements, and closure process steps--to create an organized picture of actions required to complete remediation. These actions were merged with logic ties, constraints, and required resources to produce an integrated time-phased schedule and cost profile for Central Plateau closure. Programmatic risks associated with implementation of Central Plateau closure were identified and analyzed. Actions to mitigate the most significant risks are underway while high priority remediation projects continue to make progress.

ROMINE, L.D.

2006-02-01

203

The Central Limit Theorem  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The applets in this section of Statistical Java allow you to see how the Central Limit Theorem works. The main page gives the characteristics of five non-normal distributions (Bernoulli, Poisson, Exponential, U-shaped, and Uniform). Users then select one of the distributions and change the sample size to see how the distribution of the sample mean approaches normality. Users can also change the number of samples. To select between the different applets you can click on Statistical Theory, the Central Limit Theorem and then the Main Page. At the bottom of this page you can make your applet selection.

Anderson-Cook, C.; Dorai-Raj, S.; Robinson, T.

2009-12-15

204

Centralized Mouse Repositories  

PubMed Central

Because the mouse is used so widely for biomedical research and the number of mouse models being generated is increasing rapidly, centralized repositories are essential if the valuable mouse strains and models that have been developed are to be securely preserved and fully exploited. Ensuring the ongoing availability of these mouse strains preserves the investment made in creating and characterizing them and creates a global resource of enormous value. The establishment of centralized mouse repositories around the world for distributing and archiving these resources has provided critical access to and preservation of these strains. This article describes the common and specialized activities provided by major mouse repositories around the world.

Donahue, Leah Rae; de Angelis, Martin Hrabe; Hagn, Michael; Franklin, Craig; Lloyd, K. C. Kent; Magnuson, Terry; McKerlie, Colin; Nakagata, Naomi; Obata, Yuichi; Read, Stuart; Wurst, Wolfgang; Horlein, Andreas; Davisson, Muriel T.

2013-01-01

205

Central American update  

SciTech Connect

The Central American Energy Resources Project is designed to help the countries of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama develop their geothermal resources. Auxiliary project goals are to increase economic development and employment in Central America; to provide a scientific basis for the private sector to develop natural resources; and to provide scientific training to in-country scientists, engineers, and technicians. The energy resources project began in March 1985. The progress being made in El Salvador (production well logging and geophysical operations), Panama (site selection for the first temperature-gradient well), and Honduras (well drilling of temperature-gradient wells) is summarized.

Hodgson, S.F.

1987-07-01

206

ChildrensCentralCali  

Cancer.gov

Children’s Hospital Central California is excited to announce a new clinical opportunity due to the expansion of our Pediatric Psychology department. Children’s Hospital Central California is a 354 bed not-for-profit, state-of-the-art free standing Children’s Hospital. As a vital member of our Pediatric Psychology team the primary focus of this position will be on providing consultation-liaison services to our various medical inpatient units. There will also be opportunities for providing assessment and therapy services for our subspecialty clinics.

207

The Evolution of Central Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

November 1995What have we learned about central banks? The principal factors affecting central bank autonomy in the past two centuries have been prevailing political conditions, a laissez faire environment, and the exchange rate regime (whether fixed or floating).Institutions we know as central banks emerged or were established as commercial banks or government banks. Their evolution into central banks came with

Forrest Capie

1999-01-01

208

CENTRALIZATION OF CAMPUS CONTROLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A COLLEGE CAMPUS HAVING A LARGE NUMBER OF SEPARATE BUILDINGS WITH ONE BASIC HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEM IS AN IDEAL SITUATION FOR REALIZING GREAT BENEFITS FROM CENTRALIZED BUILDING CONTROL SYSTEMS. TYPICAL REQUIREMENTS AND ADVANTAGES OF SUCH SYSTEMS ARE DISCUSSED BRIEFLY AND DESCRIPTIONS OF THE SYSTEM AT FOUR MAJOR UNIVERSITIES ARE GIVEN. THIS…

1967

209

Central nervous system tuberculosis.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis (TB) has shown a resurgence in nonendemic populations in recent years and accounts for 8 million deaths annually in the world. Central nervous system involvement is one of the most serious forms of this infection, acting as a prominent cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The rising number of cases in developed countries is mostly attributed to factors such as the pandemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and increased migration in a globalized world. Mycobacterium TB is responsible for almost all cases of tubercular infection in the central nervous system. It can manifest in a variety of forms as tuberculous meningitis, tuberculoma, and tubercular abscess. Spinal infection may result in spondylitis, arachnoiditis, and/or focal intramedullary tuberculomas. Timely diagnosis of central nervous system TB is paramount for the early institution of appropriate therapy, because delayed treatment is associated with severe morbidity and mortality. It is therefore important that physicians and radiologists understand the characteristic patterns, distribution, and imaging manifestations of TB in the central nervous system. Magnetic resonance imaging is considered the imaging modality of choice for the study of patients with suspected TB. Advanced imaging techniques including magnetic resonance perfusion and diffusion tensor imaging may be of value in the objective assessment of therapy and to guide the physician in the modulation of therapy in these patients. PMID:24887691

Torres, Carlos; Riascos, Roy; Figueroa, Ramon; Gupta, Rakesh K

2014-06-01

210

Physics Central: Fiddle Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PhysicsCentral article describes the physics behind violins. The article discusses the mechanics of violin construction and how violinists produce sound. It includes labeled pictures of violin parts, animations of how the violin bow works, and other helpful images.

Popkin, Gabriel

2009-11-16

211

Central College Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional data are presented which reflect five-year trends in the characteristics of Central College, a two-year institution established by members of the Free Methodist Church of North America in 1884. Data tables present a profile of the faculty with figures for 1972 through 1977 for the following: number and characteristics of full- and…

Knapp, Wesley L.; Hawkins, Calvin H.

212

Channeling the central dogma.  

PubMed

How do neurons and networks achieve their characteristic electrical activity, regulate this activity homeostatically, and yet show population variability in expression? In this issue of Neuron, O'Leary et al. (2014) address some of these thorny questions in this theoretical analysis that starts with the Central Dogma. PMID:24853932

Calabrese, Ronald L

2014-05-21

213

Education in Central America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first chapter of this book describes the physical and cultural environment of Central America and includes analytical comments showing the complexity of the problems confronting the region. Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama are then treated in separate chapters including: 1) political, economic, social and…

Waggoner, George R.; Waggoner, Barbara Ashton

214

Central City Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business owners and managers from 10 large cities were surveyed regarding (1) perceptions of their cities' business climate; (2) plans for increasing/decreasing their work force; and (3) whether they had considered moving/closing their businesses. Results suggest that for central city business to thrive, improvement must occur in urban quality of…

Matz, Deborah

1981-01-01

215

Loess of Central Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loess deposits are widespread within the piedmont and intramontane depressions of Central Asia. They cover piedmont plains, river terraces, ridge slopes and watersheds. Loess is a significant component in the piedmonts of Tien Shan, eastern Fergana depression, the Afgan-Tajik depression, piedmonts of Kopetdag, Badchyz and Karabil Hills north of Parapamiz, in the Kashmir valley, on the Potwar Plateau and in

A. E. Dodonov

1991-01-01

216

Central Kitchen Controversy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a properly designed and implemented central kitchen and commissary, nutrition is retained, student acceptability is high, and cost-effectiveness for the school district is attained. Employee productivity can be increased three or four times the average production rate. (MLF)

Bender, Betty

1986-01-01

217

The Central Intelligence Agency's \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Congress and the media recently have claimed that various activities of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)-from rendition operations, to the destruction of videotapes, to the maintenance of secret detention facilities overseas--are illegal. Critics levied similar charges against the CIA thirty-five years ago, with regard to activities contained in the \\

Daniel L Pines

2009-01-01

218

Central venous catheter use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central venous catheters (CVCs) are used with increasing frequency in the intensive care unit and in general medical wards. Catheter infection, the most frequent complication of CVC use, is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and duration of hospital stay. Risk factors in the development of catheter colonisation and bloodstream infection include patient factors (increased risk associated with malignancy, neutropenia, and

K. H. Polderman; A. R. J. Girbes

2002-01-01

219

Multicultural Central Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the multicultural aspect of Central Asia in response to the discussion on diversity in U.S. classrooms. Many areas of the world are more diverse than the U.S., and these areas experience successes and failures with many of the same issues the U.S. is currently struggling with. Comparing the U.S. diversity debate with similar…

Boyle, Eric D.

220

Central American resource studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working with five Central American countries to assist in the development of their energy and mineral resources. Since 1985, mineral resources in Costa Rica, peat resources in Costa Rica and Panama, geothermal energy resources in Honduras and Guatemala, and geothermal field development in El Salvador and Costa Rica have been topics of study. This

E. Van Eeckhout; A. W. Laughlin

1989-01-01

221

Biventricular Central Neurocytoma  

PubMed Central

A case of biventricular neurocytoma is reported. A 36 year old Malay lady presented with headache of 8 months duration. Physical examination revealed signs of increase intracranial pressure. CT-scan and MRI showed tumour in both lateral ventricles. Patient underwent tumour debulking followed by adjuvant radiotherapy. The radiological appearances of central neurocytoma are discussed.

Ariff, A R; Muda, AS; Abdullah, JM; Gurjeet, K; Biswal, B M

2000-01-01

222

Biventricular central neurocytoma.  

PubMed

A case of biventricular neurocytoma is reported. A 36 year old Malay lady presented with headache of 8 months duration. Physical examination revealed signs of increase intracranial pressure. CT-scan and MRI showed tumour in both lateral ventricles. Patient underwent tumour debulking followed by adjuvant radiotherapy. The radiological appearances of central neurocytoma are discussed. PMID:22977388

Ariff, A R; Muda, A; Abdullah, J; Gurjeet, K; Biswal, B M

2000-07-01

223

RMIT Vietnam and Vietnam's Development: Risk and Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help bridge the gap between demand and supply for tertiary education, Vietnam has opened to direct, foreign providers, and the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) International University Vietnam is the first of this category. By sponsoring a large project in a country that some see as risky, RMIT Vietnam needs to be triply viable.…

Wilmoth, David

2004-01-01

224

Perspectives on ... Information Literacy in the ''E'' Environment: An Approach for Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines an organizational approach to information literacy at the University of Melbourne involving information specialists who bridge information management, teaching, and technology. It discusses the circumstances leading to this approach, the benefits and challenges of the information specialists' mandate, the importance of social…

Bridgland, Angela; Whitehead, Martha

2005-01-01

225

Crossing Borders: Evaluating a Work Integrated Learning Project Involving Australian and Vietnamese Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of work integrated learning (WIL) is well-established in the education of information management (IM) professionals. Adding value to WIL through cross-cultural or cross-disciplinary experiences is considered in this article. Using online communication, simulation activities, and onsite work, students from RMIT Melbourne and RMIT Ho Chi…

Welch, Bernadette; Vo-Tran, Huan; Pittayachawan, Siddhi; Reynolds, Sue

2012-01-01

226

Travelling Drum with Different Beats: Experiencing African Music and Culture in Australian Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study that examined the effectiveness of introducing African music and culture to Australian non-specialist primary teacher education students at Deakin University in Melbourne (Australia). The study demonstrates that African music enhanced the generic musical experiences, learning, motivation, interest, confidence and…

Joseph, Dawn

2005-01-01

227

Unauthorised human use of an urban coastal wetland sanctuary: Current and future patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban expansion brings profound impacts and challenges to many ecosystems, including wetlands. Unauthorised public access to wetland sanctuaries can lead to a number of management problems, such as increasing disturbance to migratory shorebirds. We investigate unauthorised human use of a coastal urban wetland located in Melbourne, Australia, and use current results to predict future patterns of visitation under different management

Mark J. Antos; Glenn C. Ehmke; Christopher L. Tzaros; Michael A. Weston

2007-01-01

228

Language Choice in Multilingual Peer Groups: Insights from an Australian High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite Australia's strong tradition of research on language maintenance and shift, little is known about the ways in which migrant background students continue to use their heritage languages in Australian schools. This paper presents an in-depth case study of students' linguistic practices at a multiethnic Melbourne high school, where over 95%…

Willoughby, Louisa

2009-01-01

229

Capital building through gym work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research employed Pierre Bourdieu’s model of capital accumulation to frame the benefits conferred by gym use. Thirteen participants from four gyms in Melbourne, Australia, were purposefully selected for in-depth interviews, where detailed case histories were solicited, and data were analysed using a narrative coding model. Results indicated that the two most highly valued forms of capital were bodily capital

Bob Stewart; Aaron Smith; Brian Moroney

2012-01-01

230

The Interactive Whiteboard in an Early Years Classroom: A Case Study in the Impact of a New Technology on Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interactive whiteboard is a relatively new technology in Australian classrooms, especially in early years settings. This article reports on a case study in which an interactive whiteboard was placed in a Prep (Year 0) classroom in a Melbourne primary school. The teacher was then observed by making both audio and video recordings to watch for…

Vincent, John

2007-01-01

231

Learning a Community Language as a Third Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is part of a larger action research project on the role of secondary school language programmes in the maintenance and spread of community languages in Melbourne. The study focuses on bilinguals learning another community language (Greek or Spanish) as a third language, some of them having a home language with a connection to the target…

Clyne, Michael; Hunt, Claudia Rossi; Isaakidis, Tina

2004-01-01

232

Randomised factorial trial of falls prevention among older people living in their own homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To test the effectiveness of, and explore interactions between, three interventions to prevent falls among older people. Design A randomised controlled trial with a full factorial design. Setting Urban community in Melbourne, Australia. Participants 1090 aged 70 years and over and living at home. Most were Australian born and rated their health as good to excellent; just over half

Lesley Day; Brian Fildes; Ian Gordon; Michael Fitzharris; Harold Flamer; Stephen Lord; Victoria Melbourne; Australia Ian Gordon

2002-01-01

233

Globalization, coca-colonization and the chronic disease epidemic: can the Doomsday scenario be averted?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. Zimmet,P (International Diabetes Insti- tute, Melbourne, Australia). Globalization, coca- colonization and the chronic,disease epidemic: can the Doomsday,scenario be averted? J Intern Med 2000; 247: 301?310. There are at present,approximately,110 million

P. Zimmet

2000-01-01

234

Seasonal and Weather Impacts on Urban Cycling Trips  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the common perception that bicycle trips are probably the most influenced by inclement weather, there is relatively little empirical evidence to support this claim. This paper attempts to quantify the effect of temperature variations and rainfall on the propensity of cyclists to make trips in the metropolitan area of Melbourne, Australia. The travel data used in the analysis comes

A. J. Richardson

235

Identifying Deficiencies in the Environmental Chemistry Educational Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Saman Buddhadasa and Sebastian Barone Australian Government Analytical Laboratories, South Melbourne, Victoria 3205, Australia A survey of environmental chemistry laboratory experiments published during the period 1969-2000 in the mainstream chemical education journals, The Journal of Chemical Education and Education in Chemistry, was conducted. The experiments were categorized as being related to the environmental domains of air, water, or soil. Using

Thi Hoa Tran; Stephen W. Bigger; Tony Kruger; John D. Orbell; Saman Buddhadasa; Sebastian Barone

2001-01-01

236

Internal or Infernal Devices: Experiences of Contraception Among Australian Women Living With Hepatitis C  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we seek to delineate the experiences of contraceptive use by Australian women living with hepatitis C. Using semi-structured, in-depth interviews, 109 women with hepatitis C from two cities in Australia, Melbourne (Victoria) and Canberra (the Australian Capital Territory), were interviewed about their alcohol and other drug use, their contraceptive history, and their experiences of hepatitis C. We

Anna Olsen; Cathy Banwell; Phyll Dance

2009-01-01

237

Astro Concepts: Learning underlying physics principles in conceptual astronomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Astro Concepts is a project within Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia, developing browser-based software modules on Optical Telescopes, Nebulae and Binary Stars. The modules are designed to enhance student understanding of basic physics concepts, which underlie introductory-level conceptual astronomy courses. When complete, the Astro Concepts modules will be available for use in university courses in introductory astronomy, introductory

M. Mazzolini; B. Halls

2000-01-01

238

THE VACUUM SYSTEM OF THE AUSTRALIAN SYNCHROTRON  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 3 GeV Synchrotron Radiation Source is being built in Melbourne, Australia. Commissioning is foreseen in 2006. The Storage ring has a circumference of 216 m and has a 14 fold DBA structure. The vacuum chambers of the storage ring will be made from stainless steel. They consist of the e-beam chamber (width 70, height 32 mm) connected to an

E. Huttel; B. Barg; A. Jackson; B. Mountford

239

Historic Australian Conceptualisations of English, Literacy and Multimodality in Policy and Curriculum and Conflicts with Educational Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attainment of functional English literacy skills by all students has been a focus of Australian national policy since the 1989 Hobart Declaration (MCEETYA, 1989). This focus underpins current educational accountability policy enacted through the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). The Adelaide and Melbourne Declarations…

Cumming, Joy; Kimber, Kay; Wyatt-Smith, Claire

2011-01-01

240

Good Practice in Secondary School Careers Programs: A Case Study of the Approach of One Inner City School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Career programmes within secondary school curriculum can impact on a young person's sense of direction and meaning in life. The purpose of this paper is to report on an evaluation that was conducted in 2009 of the careers programmes in one secondary college in the western suburbs of Melbourne. Design/methodology/approach: The research…

Broadbent, Robyn; Cacciattolo, Marcelle; Papadopoulos, Theo

2012-01-01

241

City Beats: A Creative Community Partnership Initiative at ArtPlay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The City of Melbourne's ArtPlay is open to children and young people aged 3-13 years, and provides a wide range of artist-led programs that serve a broad community within and outside the municipality. Its sister facility, Signal, caters for young people 13-22 years. An Australia Council of the Arts funded Creative Community Partnership Initiative,…

Jeanneret, Neryl; Brown, Robert

2012-01-01

242

1989 Architectural Exhibition Winners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Winners of the 1989 Architectural Exhibition sponsored annually by the ASBO International's School Facilities Research Committee include the Brevard Performing Arts Center (Melbourne, Florida), the Capital High School (Santa Fe, New Mexico), Gage Elementary School (Rochester, Minnesota), the Lakewood (Ohio) High School Natatorium, and three other…

School Business Affairs, 1990

1990-01-01

243

Divergent Orientations to Greek and its Teaching in an Australian Greek School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Greek community in Australia attempts, with reasonable success, to maintain Greek language proficiency in succeeding generations, but attitudinal barriers within the community may be impeding the process. A study of the stakeholders (primary and secondary staff, parents, students and management) of one Greek independent school in Melbourne

Bradshaw, Julie; Truckenbrodt, Andrea

2003-01-01

244

Mandibular fracture osteosynthesis: a comparison of three techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report on a retrospective study of 205 consecutive patients at the Maxillofacial Unit of The Royal Melbourne Hospital to assess if adherence to Champy's principles in placement of miniplates in mandibular fractures minimises morbidity. 205 well documented cases of mandibular fractures treated with internal fixation, January 1985 to April 1990 were studied. The patients were assigned into three

T. F. Renton; D. Wiesenfeld

1996-01-01

245

Flexible Models for Learning English Are Needed for Refugee Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of English language acquisition for resettlement of refugees is well established, particularly as a pathway to education, employment, health and social connections. A qualitative study was conducted in 2011 in Melbourne, Australia utilising focus groups with 87 refugee background women from Karen, Iraqi, Assyrian Chaldean, Lebanese,…

Riggs, Elisha; Block, Karen; Gibbs, Lisa; Davis, Elise; Szwarc, Josef; Casey, Sue; Duell-Piening, Philippa; Waters, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

246

Sharing Music and Culture through Singing in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the notion of sharing music and culture as an effective platform to celebrate diversity in Melbourne, Australia. My research project "Celebrating Music Making and Finding Meaning" investigates and illustrates a context of diversity, one that promotes respect in a multicultural society sharing music and culture of a minority…

Joseph, Dawn

2009-01-01

247

The Components of an Effective Job Resume  

Microsoft Academic Search

What do Recruitment Officers look for in a letter of application? What is considered essential criteria for a resume? Do Australian Human Resource Managers look for the same information as their American counterparts ? A survey of 250 Melbourne-based companies sought answers to these questions. The following article discusses the results.

D. Welch

1986-01-01

248

Rain garden: design, construction and maintenance recommendations based on a review of existing systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to better understand factors that contribute to the successful implementation of street scale Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) assessments were undertaken at 22 sites across Melbourne. The sites use a variety of treatment methods with most using Raingardens. The review was undertaken in response to concerns regarding poor plant growth at a number of sites. The inspections found

N. Somes; M. Potter; Joe Crosby; M Pfitzner

249

Marketing communications for special events : Analysing managerial practice, consumer perceptions and preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Relatively little is known about marketing communications within the context of special events. The aim of this paper is to begin to address this gap in knowledge by analysing managerial practice, consumer perceptions and preferences in relation to marketing communications for this market offering. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study analysis of Festival Melbourne 2006 was undertaken using marketing

Anne-Marie Hede; Pamm Kellett

2011-01-01

250

Adventures in Evaluation: Reviewing a CD-ROM Based Adventure Game Designed for Young People Recovering from Psychosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently the Centre for Program Evaluation (CPE) at the University of Melbourne was approached by a mental health agency to undertake the unique and challenging task of evaluating a prototype CD-ROM based adventure game designed for young people recovering from psychosis. This unusual and inventive game, titled Pogo's Pledge, used "edutainment" in…

Shrimpton, Bradley; Hurworth, Rosalind

2005-01-01

251

Delayed application of condoms, withdrawal and negotiation of safer sex among heterosexual young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine delayed application of condoms and withdrawal among heterosexual young adults. Seven focus group discussions were conducted with heterosexual men and women aged 18–25 in Melbourne, Australia. The data revealed that delayed application of condoms and withdrawal are widespread. Delayed application of condoms can be divided into two categories—condom use ‘after limited unprotected

R. De Visser

2004-01-01

252

Make a World of Difference: Hearing Each Other, Healing the Earth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is the edited text of the presentation made by the author at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Melbourne, Australia, 3-9 December 2009. The session was titled "Healing the Earth with Care and Concern: Religious Responses to the Earth Charter". The article highlights some of the efforts that the Soka Gakkai International (SGI)…

Sakurai, Hiro

2010-01-01

253

The Early Language in Victoria Study: Predicting Vocabulary at Age One and Two Years from Gesture and Object Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Macarthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI) have been used widely to document early communicative development. The paper reports on a large community sample of 1,447 children recruited from low, middle and high socioeconomic (SES) areas across metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Regression analyses were conducted to determine…

Bavin, E. L.; Prior, M.; Reilly, S.; Bretherton, L.; Williams, J.; Eadie, P.; Barrett, Y.; Ukoumunne, O. C.

2008-01-01

254

Making Visible the First Women in Astronomy in Australia: The Measurers and Computers Employed for the Astrographic Catalogue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Australia a significant number of women were employed to measure and compute the position of stars for the Astrographic Catalogue at Adelaide, Sydney, Melbourne and Perth Observatories. New archival research has provided evidence that the first women employed in astronomy in Australia were engaged due to this project.

Stevenson, T.

255

Pneumothorax in cystic fibrosis: a retrospective case series.  

PubMed

Pneumothorax is a known complication in cystic fibrosis (CF), associated with poor outcome. Records of CF patients with pneumothorax at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne between 1990 and 2004 were reviewed, and the characteristics, sputum culture results, lung function, treatment, and outcome for the 11 patients who had pneumothoraces were described. PMID:17056865

Hafen, G M; Ukoumunne, O C; Robinson, P J

2006-11-01

256

Air pollution and childhood asthma emergency hospital admissions: Estimating intra-city regional variations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years childhood asthma has increased. Although the precipitants of childhood asthma are yet to be established possible contributing factors are local ambient air pollutants. This study aims to assess associations of regional ambient air pollutants on emergency department childhood asthma presentations across four regions of the city of Melbourne, Australia. Daily emergency department (ED) presentations for asthma in

Bircan Erbas; Anne-Maree Kelly; Bill Physick; Colleen Code; Mary Edwards

2005-01-01

257

Using building adaptation to deliver sustainability in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to establish the rationale for existing office building adaptation within Melbourne, Australia, as the city strives to become carbon neutral by 2020. The problems faced by policy makers to determine which buildings have the optimum adaptation potential are to be identified and discussed. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This research adopts the approach of creating a database of

Sara J. Wilkinson; Kimberley James; Richard Reed

2009-01-01

258

Grading the Practicum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1993, the University of Melbourne's Institute of Education determined that School Experience and Professional Practice subjects would be graded according to the University's standard assessment scheme instead of a pass/fail scheme. To establish a framework for assessment, the Beginning Teacher Competencies from the National Project on the…

Webster, Val; Byrne, Carmel

259

Clinical Trial of Induced Hypothermia in Comatose Survivors of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To examine the effects of moderate hypothermia (33° C), induced by surface cooling in the ED and maintained for 12 hours in the ICU, on patients with anoxic brain injury after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Methods: We conducted the study in a teaching hospital in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Participants were 22 adults who remained unconscious after return of spontaneous

Stephen A Bernard; Bruce Mac C Jones; Malcolm K Horne

1997-01-01

260

Quantification of copper doses to settlement plates in the field using diffusive gradients in thin films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Difficulty in estimating toxicant exposure has impeded the development of field-based experiments that examine the effects of toxicants in natural situations. In this study, diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) were used to measure doses of copper delivered to settlement plates in the field over 30 days. Measurements were made at 4 sites near Melbourne, Australia, inside and outside of

J. Angus Webb; Michael J. Keough

2002-01-01

261

Measurement of environmental trace-metal levels with transplanted mussels and diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT): a comparison of techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transplanted mussels and diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) were used to assess levels of cadmium, copper, lead and zinc at four sites situated inside and outside of two enclosed marinas, near Melbourne, Australia. Mussels accumulated all metals except cadmium. Over one year, there were large temporal differences in tissue metal levels in mussels, but differences between sites were only

J. Angus Webb; Michael J Keough

2002-01-01

262

Reviews and notices  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE DISCOVERY OF AUSTRALIA. THE CHARTS AND MAPS OF THE NAVIGATORS AND EXPLORERS by T. M. Perry. 27 x 37 cm, 159 pages, plates. Nelson: Melbourne 1982 (ISBN 0 17 006069 1) $A60.00EARLY ILLAWARRA: People, Houses, Life (An Australia 1838 Monograph) by K. Henderson and T. Henderson. 29 x 21 cm, viii and 146 pages, tables, text figures. History Project

J. B. Harley; D. N. Jeans; F. H. Bauer; G. J. R. Linge; Bob Fagan; Trevor R. Lee; Clive Forster; J. M. Powell; Arthur Conacher; Jim Walmsley; Dennis Rumley; Blair Badcock; Gaynor M. MacDonald; C. A. Maher; Peter Crabb; G. Aplin; John Black; Colin Adrian; J. Forrest; D. K. Forbes; E. C. Chapman; P. P. Courtenay; R. M. Bourke; John H. Holmes; Jack Hobbs; C. R. Twidale; C. F. Pain; Gerald Nanson; J. S. Keates

1984-01-01

263

Shoreline Response to an Offshore Wave Screen, Blairgowrie Safe Boat Harbour, Victoria, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A safe boating harbour was constructed in 2001 within Port Philip Bay, Victoria, Australia. The harbour at Blairgowrie, south of Melbourne, was created by means of a precast concrete, partial depth, wave screen designed to protect the boating pens from unacceptable wave conditions during storm events. As predicted during the planning process, on completion of the boat harbour a shoreline

Thomas R. Atkins; Richard Mocke

264

Improved atmospheric modelling for large scale high-precision positioning based on GNSS CORS networks in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution describes a recent Australian Research Council (ARC) project funded under the ARC- Linkage Scheme. The research team comprises researchers from RMIT University, UNSW, University of Melbourne, Spatial Information Infrastructure and the Department of Lands, NSW. The aim of the project is to enhance the utility of continuously operating reference station (CORS) networks in the states of Victoria and

Craig Roberts; Chris Rizos; Linlin Ge; Kefei Zhang; Allison Kealy; Peter Ramm; Martin Hale; Doug Kinlyside; Paul Harcombe

2004-01-01

265

How To Improve Critical Thinking Using Educational Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical thinking is highly valued but difficult to teach effectively. The Reason! project at the University of Melbourne (Australia) has developed the Reason!Able software as part of a general method aimed at enhancing critical thinking skills. Students using Reason!Able appear to make dramatic gains. This paper describes: (1) the challenge…

van Gelder, Tim

266

10 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - Metropolitan Statistical Areas/Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas With 1980 Populations...  

...Huntington-Ashland MSA WV-KY-OH Indianapolis MSA IN Jackson MSA MS Jacksonville MSA FL Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol MSA...Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay MSA FL Memphis MSA TN-AR-MS Miami-Fort Lauderdale CMSA FL Milwaukee-Racine CMSA...

2014-01-01

267

Educational contexts for the development of children’s spirituality: exploring the use of imagination  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a Chaplain working in the Anglican school system in Melbourne, Australia, my concern is with the spiritual development of students. This year I have been trialing the educational application of activities used in creative arts therapy. Continuing the theme of my recent doctoral studies in children’s spirituality, I am concerned that education should have a more holistic emphasis, where

2007-01-01

268

Randomised controlled trial of midwife led debriefing to reduce maternal depression after operative childbirth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To assess the effectiveness of a midwife led debriefing session during the postpartum hospital stay in reducing the prevalence of maternal depression at six months postpartum among women giving birth by caesarean section, forceps, or vacuum extraction. Design Randomised controlled trial. Setting Large maternity teaching hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Participants 1041 women who had given birth by caesarean section

Rhonda Small; Judith Lumley; Lisa Donohue; Anne Potter; Ulla Waldenstrm

2000-01-01

269

Professor's Page: Do Demonstration Lessons Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a large research and professional development project funded by the Catholic Education Office Melbourne (CEOM), called "Contemporary Teaching and Learning of Mathematics," the ACU team has been leading demonstration lessons. There is certainly not universal agreement on the worth of demonstration lessons in the mathematics education…

Clarke, Doug

2011-01-01

270

Links between pediatric and adult asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Connections between events occurring in early life with adult asthma suggest that both the altered regulation of airway caliber and tone and the changes in airway structure present in many asthma cases may have their roots in developmental patterns established during infancy and childhood. The Melbourne epidemiologic study, the British 1958 birth cohort, and the Tasmanian asthma survey all provide

Fernando D. Martinez

2001-01-01

271

CASE ANALYSIS OF AUCTION MARKET IN BRISBANE HOUSING SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only recently, the average Australian residential property market was experiencing negative growth caused by the decrease of average housing prices in the major capital cities, in particular, Sydney and Melbourne. However, other cities were registering positive growth. In a decade, the average house price in Brisbane has increased by more than 150 per cent. In 1994, the highest average house

Vickey Chiu-Chin

272

Parents with Mental Illness: Decision?making in Australian Children's Court Cases Involving Parents with Mental Health Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental illness is listed as a child protection concern for a number of families reported to child protection agencies in Australia. Parents with mental health problems are more vulnerable, as are their children, to having parenting and child welfare concerns. Studies undertaken in the Melbourne Children's Court (Victoria) have found that the children of parents with mental health problems comprise

Rosemary Sheehan; Greg Levine

2005-01-01

273

Partnership in Mental Health and Child Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental illness is an issue for a number of families reported to child protection agencies. Parents with mental health problems are more vulnerable, as are their children, to having parenting and child welfare concerns. A recent study undertaken in the Melbourne Children's Court (Victoria, Australia) found that the children of parents with mental health problems comprised just under thirty percent

Rosemary Sheehan

2005-01-01

274

Victoria's Leading Edge: Australian State Puts Human Capital at the Heart of its Improvement Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principal Wilma Culton's professional development in the last few years has had her setting out for Singapore, conferencing in Canada, and bopping over to Berlin to check out what experts and the best educators around the world know about helping kids learn. The head of a primary school just outside Melbourne, Australia, Culton is a prime…

von Frank, Valerie

2013-01-01

275

By Accident or Design? The Origins of the Victorian School of Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1935, the then Minister of Public Instruction established the delivery of two foreign languages under the title of a special experiment taught at Mac.Robertson Girls' High School in Melbourne. This was the first step in the creation of what is known today as the Victorian School of Languages (VSL). It was at the time the small, seemingly…

Mascitelli, Bruno; Merlino, Frank

2011-01-01

276

Boys' Music? School Context and Middle-School Boys' Musical Choices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focusses primarily on the findings relating to the musical participation of boys in one Melbourne school. As part of a project that investigated boys' attitudes and participation at fifty-one schools, several contextual features were identified that set "Balton Boys" High School' apart from other participating…

Bennetts, Kathleen Scott

2013-01-01

277

Prayer is a positive activity for children—a report on recent research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on Australian research investigating the meaning and function of prayer for children. Semi?structured interviews were conducted with 60 primary school participants selected from six different schools in Melbourne, reflecting some of the diverse philosophical and religious traditions found in the Australian society. The three sources of data were analysed qualitatively using the method of Grounded Theory. Considerable

2005-01-01

278

Locating Non-Western Enlightenment Texts for a Global Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The context of this paper is a university-based teacher education course in Melbourne, Australia. The assumption underpinning the course is that it is crucial for trainee teachers to examine the lenses they typically use in terms of common-sense understandings of children and adolescents. We point to the 18th century Western enlightenment period…

Johnson, Richard

2006-01-01

279

"Working Your Words": Appraisal in the AFL Post-Match Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the language used by Australian Football League (AFL) footballers and Australian Broadcast Corporation (ABC) journalists in their post-match interviews broadcast on ABC (774 Melbourne) radio. From Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), Appraisal is used to investigate the evaluative language expressed by the AFL footballers in…

Caldwell, David

2009-01-01

280

Diabetic retinopathy in Victoria, Australia: the Visual Impairment Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo establish the prevalence, severity, and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in a representative sample of Victorian residents aged 40 years and older.METHODSA population based, cluster sampling method was used to recruit 4744 participants (86% participation rate). Nine randomly selected, suburban Melbourne clusters and four randomly selected, rural Victorian clusters were used. Participants provided a detailed medical and personal history

Robert McKay; Catherine A McCarty; Hugh R Taylor

2000-01-01

281

"Every Family": A Population Approach to Reducing Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Children Making the Transition to School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large-scale population trial using the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program (TPS) was evaluated. The target population was all parents of 4- to 7-year-old children residing in ten geographical catchment areas in Brisbane (intervention communities) and ten sociodemographically matched catchment areas from Sydney (5) and Melbourne (5), care as…

Sanders, Matthew R.; Ralph, Alan; Sofronoff, Kate; Gardiner, Paul; Thompson, Rachel; Dwyer, Sarah; Bidwell, Kerry

2008-01-01

282

From little things, big things grow : why not start your own kitchen garden?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schools that have created their own kitchen gardens are reporting huge benefits for their students. It started in 2001 when chef Stephanie Alexander began a kitchen garden with students at Collingwood College near Melbourne's city centre. A growing number of Victorian schools now formally operate kitchen gardens as participating schools of Alexander's Kitchen Garden Foundation. The first three schools, Collingwood

Steve Holden

2008-01-01

283

Marina's Fish Shop: A Mathematically- and Technologically-Rich Lesson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early 2008 researchers from the University of Melbourne's "New Technologies for Teaching Mathematics" project created a lesson for the Year 10 students at their Victorian research schools. Two important goals of secondary school mathematics education are to build students' conceptual knowledge and to teach students to think mathematically.…

Wander, Roger; Pierce, Robyn

2009-01-01

284

Urban Sustainability Transition - A 'Tipping Point' Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Melbourne Principles for Sustainable Cities - developed through the United Nations Environment Programme and adopted at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg - are presented as providing the holistic framework required for setting urban sustainability goals and attracting the participation and commitment of key stakeholders to achieve them. Because of the multitude of 'actors' and the

Greg Foliente; Allan Rodgers; Harry Blutstein; Xiaoming Wang

2007-01-01

285

X-windows based computer software for block-diagram manipulation and system analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on recent development of a computer aided teaching software facility in the University of Melbourne's Control Systems Laboratory. The software runs under X-Windows, and can be easily ported to most UNIX workstations. It enables students to perform, on line, complex tasks such as block diagram manipulation and reduction, and system analysis. The software is interfaceable with MATLAB

T. J. Morgan; M. Aldeen

1994-01-01

286

Nurses’ attitudes to a medical emergency team service in a teaching hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Cultural barriers including allegiance to traditional models of ward care and fear of criticism may restrict use of a medical emergency team (MET) service, particularly by nursing staff. A 1-year preparation and education programme was undertaken before implementing the MET at the Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. During the 4 years after introduction of the MET, the programme has continued

D Jones; I Baldwin; T McIntyre; D Story; I Mercer; A Miglic; D Goldsmith; R Bellomo

2006-01-01

287

Setting the pace: the 2011 Australasian Podiatry Council conference  

PubMed Central

The 2011 Australasian Podiatry Council conference was held from April 26 to 29 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. This commentary provides a brief overview of the conference, including the speakers and topic areas covered, selected original research highlights, and award winning presentations.

2011-01-01

288

Measuring and observing pedestrian activity; tracking pedestrians in Norwich, Rouen and Koblenz  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Toronto and Melbourne I presented the development of a method to track pedestrians using GPS. Finally, in June and October 2007 pedestrians visiting the historic city centres of Norwich, Rouen and Koblenz were monitored. In total over 1300 pedestrians were observed using GPS technology. With a questionnaire we were able to collect additional information about the visitor. TU Delft,

S. Van der Spek

2009-01-01

289

An international study of the exposure of children to traffic  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent of international differences in children's exposure to traffic as pedestrians or bicyclists. DESIGN: Children's travel patterns were surveyed using a parent-child administered questionnaire. Children were sampled via primary schools, using a probability cluster sampling design. SETTING: Six cities in five countries: Melbourne and Perth (Australia), Montreal (Canada), Auckland (New Zealand), Umeå (Sweden), and Baltimore (USA).

I. Roberts; J. Carlin; C. Bennett; E. Bergstrom; B. Guyer; T. Nolan; R. Norton; I. B. Pless; R. Rao; M. Stevenson

1997-01-01

290

Access to Occupational Therapy in Schools: An International Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the multilayered impact that legal, institutional, and organizational structures and processes can have on occupational therapy service provision in schools. Two cities (Philadelphia and Melbourne) on different continents are compared to identify supports and barriers to the availability of occupational therapy services to students with disabilities. By contrasting system supports and constraints affecting the availability of occupational

Fern Silverman; Helen Bourke-Taylor

2009-01-01

291

Rewriting "The Road to Nowhere": Place Pedagogies in Western Sydney  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Negative representations of parts of our cities are endemic in the Australian media, where certain suburbs function as motifs for failure--past, present, and future. Indeed, as one journalist put it after invoking the "interchangeable" triumvirate of Sydney's Mount Druitt, Melbourne's West Heidelberg, and Brisbane's Inala, "geography is destiny"…

Gannon, Susanne

2009-01-01

292

Is the recommendation for pneumococcal vaccination of HIV patients evidence based?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: both the current NHMRC guidelines of Australia and the USPHS\\/IDSA guidelines recommend pneumococcal vaccine be given to all patients with HIV infection despite a paucity of data to support these recommendations. Objectives: the aim of this study was to assess the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease and use of pneumococcal vaccine in HIV-infected patients at The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne,

Anna B. Pierce; Jennifer F. Hoy

2001-01-01

293

Simulation of smoke from a burning vehicle and pollution levels caused by traffic jam in a road tunnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detailed analyses of smoke movement from a burning vehicle in a road tunnel have been carried out for the westbound Melbourne City Link tunnel. The time-averaged equations for velocity, pressure, temperature, and mass fraction of emissions were solved for transient condition using the CFD software FLUENT 6.0. For the analysis, a burning bus was assumed to release an equivalent energy

S. Bari; J. Naser

2005-01-01

294

Emotional Intelligence and Decisional Conflict Styles: Some Empirical Evidence among Italian High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the relationship between emotional intelligence and decisional conflict styles. Five hundred and twenty-eight Italian high school students (median age = 18; SD = 0.76) were given the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire (MDMQ) and the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: short (Bar-On EQ-i:S). The "Intrapersonal" dimension…

Di Fabio, Annamaria; Blustein, David L.

2010-01-01

295

The diagnostically difficult intussusception: its characteristics and consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the absence of classical symptomatology, the diagnosis of intussusception may be difficult to make. A retrospective review of 630 episodes of intussusception admitted to the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, over a 15-year period revealed difficulties in diagnosis in 318 cases. The adverse effect of an incorrect initial diagnosis on duration of symptoms at the commencement of treatment, need for

Spencer W. Beasley; Alex W. Auldist; Keith B. Stokes

1988-01-01

296

OPTIMISATION OF PROCESS FLOW FOR HIGH RESOLUTION DEM GENERATION VIA DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY: TEST OF OPTIONS WITH AND WITHOUT ANCILLARY DATA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Casey City, (eastern suburban Melbourne) is formulating the Cranbourne West and Lyndhurst Development Plan. The somewhat irregularly-shaped site (approximately 1618 hectares) lies between Western Port Highway to the west, Cranbourne-Frankston Road to the south - Evans Road to the east - South Gippsland Highway to the north. Pre- requisite to later stages of project formulation and execution is possession of

Joshphar Kunapo; Shobhit Chandra; Jim Peterson; Cathy Brady

297

The Monsoon Wedding Phenomenon: Understanding Indian Students Studying in Australian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How does the University sector identify and support the diverse needs of Indian students? This paper reports on a research project carried out on undergraduate students from India enrolled at a Melbourne-based University. The focus is the need to understand why Indian students choose an overseas destination for tertiary study. The intent is to…

Johnson, Richard; Kumar, Margaret

2010-01-01

298

High speed rail market projection: Survey design and analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarises work done to assess the market potential and likely financial performance of a planned high-speed rail link connecting Sydney, Canberra and Melbourne, under a variety of scenarios concerning the services offered and the possible market responses of the competing transport modes in the corridor. In the Australian context, such a link has the characteristics of an essentially

H. F. Gunn; M. A. Bradley; D. A. Hensher

1992-01-01

299

Discovered by chance: The role of incidental information acquisition in an ecological model of information use  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of information which is incidentally or accidentally acquired has been neglected in the study of information-seeking behavior. The study reported in this article focused on “incidental information acquisition” as a key concept and investigated the information-seeking behavior of 202 older adults, aged 60 and over, from both metropolitan Melbourne and rural areas in the Australian state of Victoria.

Kirsty Williamson

1998-01-01

300

Social support and self-management of type 2 diabetes among immigrant Australian women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To elucidate the social meanings and interpretations that immigrant women attach to the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, and the social support and professional advice that they receive following this diagnosis.Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 16 immigrant women living in Melbourne, Australia, from communities with a higher than average incidence of type 2 diabetes. Women were recruited purposively

Renata Kokanovic; Lenore Manderson

2006-01-01

301

Global Selves: Marginalised Young People and Aesthetic Reflexivity in Inhalant Drug Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sociologists have observed that young people increasingly draw on global as well as local images in their constructions of individual selfhood. This article provides a narrative analysis of stories of inhalant use-induced hallucination, drawn from interviews conducted with young people in Melbourne, Australia. Young people's stories of the…

MacLean, Sarah

2007-01-01

302

Youth Research Centre Annual Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report details the activities of the Youth Research Centre (YRC) at the University of Melbourne in 2002 in research project work involving a balance between the completion of projects, the development of new areas, and the continuation of longer-term projects as well as the supervision and teaching of a range of postgraduate health and…

Melbourne Univ. (Australia). Youth Research Centre.

303

The rhythms of project life: a longitudinal analysis of work hours and work–life experiences in construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A diary data collection method was used to collect data from project?based construction workers in a large civil engineering construction project in Melbourne, Australia. Data capturing the number of hours worked, satisfaction with work–life balance and capacity to complete required tasks at work and at home were collected for 21 consecutive weeks. A strong correlation was found between hours worked

Helen Clare Lingard; Valerie Francis; Michelle Turner

2010-01-01

304

Can one size fit all? The case study of a cd rom in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001, a video-based interactive CD ROM entitled BUILT ('Building Understandings in Literacy and Teaching', an ASCILITE award winner) was developed for use in teacher education at the University of Melbourne, in a mass education, cost effective context. BUILT was designed to address concerns about pre-service teachers' knowledge about language and literacy across the school curriculum and year levels. This

Kristina Love; Bradley Shrimpton

2002-01-01

305

Post-fire water quality in forest catchments: a review with implications for potable water supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many locations fire-prone forest catchments are utilised for the supply of potable water to small communities up to large cities. For example, in south-eastern Australia, wildfires have burned part or all of forest catchments supplying drinking water to Sydney (2001 wildfire), Canberra (2003), Adelaide (2007), Melbourne (2009), as well as various regional towns. Generally, undisturbed forest catchments are a

Hugh Smith; Gary Sheridan; Petter Nyman; Shane Haydon

2010-01-01

306

Jewish Holocaust Histories and the Work of Chronological Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the ways that, in Holocaust education in Jewish schools in Melbourne and New York at the beginning of the 21st century, knowledge of the Holocaust is transferred to students in chronological form. It begins by asking: What work do chronological narratives do within the Holocaust historical narratives offered within Jewish…

Silverstein, Jordana

2012-01-01

307

Bilateral Learning and Teaching in Chinese-Australian Arts and Architecture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collaborative design-based, cross-cultural exchange between the Chinese School of Architecture, Tsinghua University of Beijing, and the Faculty of Architecture, Building, and Planning at the University of Melbourne is the case study presented in this article. Two design studios were conducted: one in the Master of Urban Design program, and the…

Joubert, Lindy; Whitford, Steven

2006-01-01

308

Wilderness Adventure Therapy in Adolescent Psychiatry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Brief Intervention Program (BIP) is a mental health day program in Melbourne (Australia) for adolescents with severe mental health problems who are at risk for suicide. The 10-week program serves closed groups of 6-8 adolescents aged 13-18 years and has 3 phases: engagement and orientation (week 1), treatment (weeks 2-9), and integration (week…

Crisp, Simon; O'Donnell, Matthew

309

Environmental Influence on Language Acquisition: Comparing Second and Foreign Language Acquisition of Swedish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the influence of the learning environment on the second language acquisition of Swedish. Data were collected longitudinally over 1 year from 35 university students studying Swedish in Malmo, Sweden, and in Melbourne, Australia. Three areas were investigated: grammar, pragmatics, and lexicon. The development of grammar was…

Hakansson, Gisela; Norrby, Catrin

2010-01-01

310

Creative Pedagogies: "Art-Full" Reading and Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a small-scale research inquiry, designed to support teachers in a Melbourne primary school to bring together the arts, reading and writing in their classrooms in ways that create possibilities for "art-full" teaching and learning. The principal, concerned by underperformance on State literacy tests of the school's largely…

Grant, Audrey; Hutchinson, Kirsten; Hornsby, David; Brooke, Sarah

2008-01-01

311

David Ross and the development of amateur astronomy in Victoria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Melbourne-based David Ross was a prominent Australian amateur astronomer at the turn of the century. He was a pioneering telescope-maker and astrophotographer, and played a principal role in the short-lived history of the Victoria Branch of the British Astronomical Association. Ross was Victoria's leading cometary astronomer, with two discoveries to his credit.

W. Orchiston; A. Brewer

1990-01-01

312

Consonance and Dissonance in Students' Learning Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined, in 1012 secondary students, both consonant and dissonant response patterns in approaches to learning (evaluated using the LPQ questionnaire; [Biggs, J. (1987). Learning process questionnaire. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research]) as well as in learning conceptions and learning strategies (examined…

Cano, F.

2005-01-01

313

Women and Literacy in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiences, attitudes, and needs of three literacy learners and one paid literacy teacher in Melbourne, Australia, were examined. The analysis was framed by the following principles: (1) literacy is a feminist issue; (2) adult literacy education is best defined as broad, general education that is grounded in language and fosters depth and…

Macrae, Helen; Agostinelli, Jacinta

314

Multicultural Education and Racism: The Case of Arab-Australian Students in Contemporary Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the social and cultural dimensions of the educational experiences of Arab-Australian students. It seeks to explore the cultural attitudes and the social experiences of Arab-Australian secondary school students from two schools situated in Melbourne's northern region. The paper seeks to examine how Arab-Australian students and…

Mansouri, Fethi; Trembath, Anna

2005-01-01

315

Council Is in the Economic Garden.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the approach of the Economic and Employment Division of the Melbourne (Australia) City Council to creating jobs. The division started a business to recycle used lumber into furniture, providing training and jobs for several people. Following the success of that business, several new ventures were started with private funding. (CH)

Work Matters, 1988

1988-01-01

316

Australian identity, the press and major international sporting events : a study of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games held in Australia since 1956  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores links between perceptions of Australian identity and the national press reporting of two Olympic and two Commonwealth Games staged in Australia: the 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games, the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, the 1982 Brisbane Commonwealth Games, and the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. When Australia plays host to the world or Commonwcalth of Nations it is

Rachel Payne

2007-01-01

317

South African Children's Concepts of Their Future Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, which is a revised version of a paper presented at the XXIV World Congress of OMEP conference in Melbourne in July 2004, reports on a study that explored young children's (5-9 years) vision of their future environment in South Africa--as temporal dimension, illustrating their conceptual understanding of this concept. A sample of 320…

van Staden, Christie J. S.

2006-01-01

318

Disruptive Pattern Printed Canvas for Army Vehicles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A design for the disruptive pattern printing of canvas used for canopies on army vehicles was developed by DSTO MRL Melbourne. The effect of exposure to a variety of climatic conditions on print durability and fabric properties was determined. Print Durab...

G. Southwell J. Stewart A. deForest

1992-01-01

319

Spatial Competition in Metropolitan Petrol Pricing  

Microsoft Academic Search

As many motorists would be aware, retail petrol prices vary by location on a day to day basis. This suggests that there is a high degree of spatial competition between petrol stations. While prices in capital cities such as Melbourne and Sydney vary throughout the day, the introduction of Fuel Watch in Perth requires that prices be set 24 hours

S. Beare

320

Trends and Changes in Home Language Use and Shift in Australia, 1986-1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes responses to 1996 Australian census regarding language use and compares them with those in the two previous censuses. Discusses divergent trends in different states and between two largest cities, Sydney and Melbourne. Comparison of language-shift rates between the three censuses and cross-tabulations with generation, age, gender, family…

Kipp, Sandra; Clyne, Michael

1997-01-01

321

Global Selves: Marginalised Young People and Aesthetic Reflexivity in Inhalant Drug Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociologists have observed that young people increasingly draw on global as well as local images in their constructions of individual selfhood. This article provides a narrative analysis of stories of inhalant use-induced hallucination, drawn from interviews conducted with young people in Melbourne, Australia. Young people's stories of the hallucinations they experience while using inhalants frequently reference the narratives, images and

Sarah MacLean

2007-01-01

322

Changes over time among homeless young people in drug dependency, mental illness and their co-morbidity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-national survey was conducted among 358 recently homeless young people in Melbourne and Los Angeles. Drug dependence and mental illness were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months. At each time point, participants were classified as no condition, drug dependent, having a mental illness or dual condition. Low levels of drug dependence or mental illness or both were reported

Doreen Rosenthal; Shelley Mallett; Lyle Gurrin; Norweeta Milburn; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus

2007-01-01

323

Markers of exposure to spotted fever rickettsiae in patients with chronic illness, including fatigue, in two Australian populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Background: Some investigators believe that a proportion of chronically unwell patients, many with fatigue, have an underlying rickettsial disease. Aim: To investigate the prevalence of markers of rickettsial infection in patients with chronic illnesses. Design: Observational study. Methods: A 526 patient cohort with chronic ill- nesses from Melbourne, Australia and 400 control patients from Newcastle, Australia were assessed using

N. Unsworth; S. Graves; C. Nguyen; G. Kemp; J. Graham; J. Stenos

2008-01-01

324

Mind wars. Brain science and the military.  

PubMed

This article is based on a public lecture hosted by the Monash University Centre for Human Bioethics in Melbourne, Australia on 11 April 2013. The lecture recording was transcribed by Vicky Ryan; and, the original transcript has been edited--for clarity and brevity--by Vicky Ryan, Michael Selgelid and Jonathan Moreno. PMID:24844082

Moreno, Jonathan D

2013-09-01

325

Spaces of Trauma: Young People, Homelessness and Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little contemporary research has examined young people's experiences of violence and homelessness in detail within the Australian context. This article draws upon qualitative research with 33 homeless youth in Melbourne and seeks to enhance understanding of the impact of violence on young people. It argues that everyday experiences of violence…

Jordan, Lucinda

2012-01-01

326

Connecting Younger Second-Language Learners and Older Bilinguals: Interconnectedness and Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an inter-generational inter-cultural pilot project carried out in suburban Melbourne which supports the second-language acquisition of younger people and enhances the social inclusion of older people of migrant background. The article begins with an outline of the multilingual context in which the project is based. The…

Clyne, Michael; Cordella, Marisa; Schüpbach, Doris; Maher, Brigid

2013-01-01

327

Local genetic structure within two rookeries of Chelonia mydas (the green turtle).  

PubMed

We used multilocus minisatellite DNA fingerprinting to examine the local genetic structure within nesting populations of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in Tortuguero, Costa Rica and Melbourne, Florida, USA. In the Tortuguero population, there was a significant negative correlation between genetic similarity of pairs of nesting females and the distance between their nest sites both within years (r2 = 0.273; P < 0.001) and between years (r2 = 0.578; P < 0.001). Of the 122 female pairs scored for Tortuguero, 12.3 per cent had genetic similarity values resembling those of mother-offspring pairs. In the Melbourne population, however, no relationship between genetic similarity and distance was found (r2 = 0.017; P = 0.075). The distance-related genetic structure of the Tortuguero population indicates that these females exhibit low levels of dispersal from natal sites, and that nestmates return independently to nest near their natal sites. The lack of a similar structure in the Melbourne population suggests that females from this population may not return to natal sites with comparable precision. High levels of mortality among nests, hatchlings or maturing turtles produced in the Melbourne rookery may also be responsible for the absence of distance-related local genetic structure. PMID:8972082

Peare, T; Parker, P G

1996-12-01

328

Secondary School Science Predictors of Academic Performance in University Bioscience Subjects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009 the Faculty of Health Sciences at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia is introducing a common first year for 11 different undergraduate courses in the faculty. Current prerequisite science entry requirements vary with course and range from none to at least two science or mathematics subjects and from [approximately]50 to 99 in…

Green, Rod; Brown, Elizabeth; Ward, Alex

2009-01-01

329

Early Childhood Inclusion: A Silver Lining in the Dark Clouds for African Immigrant Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents preliminary findings of an ongoing study that attempts to gauge the level of access to and support for early childhood education and care programs for sub Saharan African immigrant families living in Melbourne Australia. Using the Australian Early Years Learning Framework as a guide, we explored 30 parents' perception of…

Agbenyega, Joseph; Peers, Chris

2010-01-01

330

Air Toxics in a New Australian Dwelling over an 8Month Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 'healthy house' was constructed in Sunbury, a suburb north of Melbourne, Australia, in early 1998. It was designed with a tight building envelope to minimise air infiltration and a ducted mechanical ventilation (and heat recovery) system providing a minimum ventilation rate of 0.35 air changes per hour. This system also included partial filtration and dehumidification of the air. Many

Stephen K. Brown

2001-01-01

331

Air Toxics in a New Australian Dwelling over an 8Month Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

A ‘healthy house’ was constructed in Sunbury, a suburb north of Melbourne, Australia, in early 1998. It was designed with a tight building envelope to minimise air infiltration and a ducted mechanical ventilation (and heat recovery) system providing a minimum ventilation rate of 0.35 air changes per hour. This system also included partial filtration and dehumidification of the air. Many

Stephen K. Brown

2001-01-01

332

Improving Access to Online Multilingual Resources by Adopting the My Language Portal in the City of Greater Dandenong Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the implementation of "My Language Portal" in the City of Greater Dandenong Libraries (CGDL), Melbourne, Victoria, through the development of a "My Language Portal Project Plan" in 2006. It discusses how the aims of the designers of My Language Portal (MLP) are fulfilled in the exceptional, changing demographics of Dandenong.…

Bogdanovic, Marijana; Johanson, Graeme

2007-01-01

333

Global Flows as Gendered Cultural Pedagogies: Learning Gangsta in the "Durty South"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article theorizes empirical data from an ethnographic project conducted in and around the economically disadvantaged suburb of Noble Park in southeast suburban Melbourne (Victoria, Australia). Exploring the politics around gendered identities of young people involved in the research, particularly Australian-Sudanese men, the authors theorize…

Savage, Glenn C.; Hickey-Moody, Anna

2010-01-01

334

Setting the pace: the 2011 Australasian Podiatry Council conference  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2011 Australasian Podiatry Council conference was held from April 26 to 29 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. This commentary\\u000a provides a brief overview of the conference, including the speakers and topic areas covered, selected original research highlights,\\u000a and award winning presentations.

Hylton B Menz; Julia Firth

2011-01-01

335

Zebra Crossing: Walking in Two Continents Sharing and Celebrating Difference through Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I use the metaphor "zebra crossing" in my reflective narrative to describe my plight and struggle as a non-white person growing up and working in Johannesburg, South Africa, during the apartheid era. This article considers and compares the notions of culture, diversity and identity as I now work in a tertiary institution in Melbourne, Australia. I…

Joseph, Dawn

2011-01-01

336

The Protective Function of Meaning of Life on Life Satisfaction among Chinese Students in Australia and Hong Kong: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors compared the predictive effects of acculturative stressors and meaning of life on life satisfaction between Chinese students in Australia and in Hong Kong. Participants: In 2006, the researchers recruited 606 Chinese students studying abroad at the University of Melbourne in Australia and at 6 universities in Hong Kong.…

Pan, Jia-Yan; Wong, Daniel Fu Keung; Joubert, Lynette; Chan, Cecilia Lai Wan

2008-01-01

337

Living in Two Worlds: Code-Switching amongst Bilingual Chinese-Australian Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on an analysis of interviews, conducted at three primary schools in Melbourne, which sought to explore the determinants of code-switching between English and Chinese. Specifically, it examined school education and other specific possible determinants of code switching amongst Chinese-Australian bilingual children. The specific…

Zheng, Lin

2009-01-01

338

The SNAP Platform: Social Networking for Academic Purposes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to introduce an enterprise-wide Web 2.0 learning support platform--SNAP, developed at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia. Design/methodology/approach: Pointing to the evolution of the social web, the paper discusses the potential for the development of e-learning platforms that employ constructivist, connectivist,…

Kirkwood, Keith

2010-01-01

339

Culture Jamming: From Activism to Hactivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new kind of Internet threat has emerged. Hacking is increasingly being used as a weapon by individuals to promote their political ideologies by engaging in distributed citizen-based warfare. Their aim is to disrupt communications using internet enabled networks and organisations. Examples of these online assaults during 2009 were evident during the Iranian protests and the Melbourne International Film Festival.

Kay Hearn; Rachel J. Mahncke; Patricia A. Williams

2009-01-01

340

Culture jamming: from activism to hactivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new kind of Internet threat has emerged. Hacking is increasingly being used as a weapon by individuals to promote their political ideologies by engaging in distributed citizen-based warfare. Their aim is to disrupt communications using internet enabled networks and organisations. Examples of these online assaults during 2009 were evident during the Iranian protests and the Melbourne International Film Festival.

Kay Hearn; Rachel Mahncke; Patricia Williams

2009-01-01

341

STUDENT ONE-TO-ONE ASSESSMENT INTERVIEWS IN MATHEMATICS: A POWERFUL TOOL FOR TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we outline what we see as the benefits to teachers of the use of task- based, one-to-one assessment interviews with students of early and middle yearsmathematics. We draw upon data from the Victorian Early Numeracy Research Project, our recent work in the domain of rational numbers, and examples from interviews with students in USA and Melbourne. Such

Doug Clarke; Annie Mitchell; Anne Roche

342

An Institutional Approach to the Evaluation of Educational Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines an institutional approach that guides the evaluation of educational technology in the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences at the University of Melbourne (Victoria, Australia). Roles for an internal evaluator and educational technology practitioners are proposed, and a conceptual framework that guides the evaluation process…

Kennedy, Gregor E.

2003-01-01

343

Bringing a Research Focus into the Teaching Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a preliminary look at a study on research by teachers. Participants were teachers in Melbourne, Australia, involved in the Project for Enhancing Effective Learning (PEEL) who were interested in designing, conducting, and reporting teacher-led research. Section 1 of the paper explores the last 10 years of teacher research as part of…

Northfield, Jeff; Mitchell, Ian

344

Report on the Development of the University Experience Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2011, the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) commissioned a Consortium led by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) and including the University of Melbourne's Centre for the Study of Higher Education (CSHE) and the Griffith Institute for Higher Education (GIHE) to develop an instrument and…

Radloff, Ali; Coates, Hamish; James, Richard; Krause, Kerri-Lee

2011-01-01

345

Visy Cares Hub and Victoria University: Making the Door of a University Open to the Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, a group of men embarked on a remarkable project that resulted in building a two million dollar youth centre in one of Melbourne's most disadvantaged communities. From the outset, Victoria University (VU) was a keen partner in the project. This project had key synergies with the current experiences of the University--a dual sector higher…

Broadbent, Robyn

2011-01-01

346

Workshop On Intercity Networks In The Asia-Pacific Region: A Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1 to 4 April 1997, scholars and government officials from over twelve cities in the Asia-Pacific Region met at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology to discuss the formation of a research network on urban policies in some of the dynamic urban-centred regions that link the Southeast Asian, East Asian, North American, and Australian economies. (A list of participants

John Friedmann

1997-01-01

347

Young Children's Musical Explorations: The Potential of Using Learning Stories for Recording, Planning and Assessing Musical Experiences in a Preschool Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the early childhood years and describes research that has examined children's music experiences in formal care and education settings in Melbourne, Australia. This research uses a contextual view of children and their learning and is based on an assumption that learning is social, involves engagement with others and is…

Nyland, Berenice; Acker, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

348

Language and Language Education: Working Papers of The National Languages Institute of Australia, Volume 1, Number 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume on language issues within Australia contains five research papers: "Patterns of Inter-Cultural Communication in Melbourne Factories: Some Research in Progress" (Michael Clyne); "Developing Proficiency Scales for Communicative Assessment" (D. E. Ingram, Elaine Wylie); "Rapid Profile: A Second Language Screening Procedure" (Alison…

Language and Language Education: Working Papers of the National Languages Institute of Australia, 1991

1991-01-01

349

From Genesis to Infinity or from 0 to 50,000 Online Students in 2 Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2 years, RMIT University (Melbourne, Australia) set up an online learning system for 50,000 students. The development of the RMIT Distributed Learning System has taken the University from a cottage industry model to a fully fledged enterprise system for flexible online learning, integrated with the University's student administration system and…

Weiss, April; Kennedy, Paul

350

"English" in the "Australian Curriculum: English"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the text of a paper given at the 2011 Symposium of the Australian Academy of the Humanities on the theme, "Educating the Nation: The Humanities in the New Australian Curriculum", the 42nd Annual Symposium of the Australian Academy of the Humanities at the University of Melbourne, 17 November 2011. It was presented in a session on "History,…

Dixon, Robert

2012-01-01

351

"I've Decided to Become a Teacher": Influences on Career Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explored reasons behind graduates' decisions to pursue teaching as a career, in a 1-year pre-service teacher education program at an Australian university, located in Melbourne (N=74). A survey collected data about respondents' reasons for choosing teaching as a career, with open-ended questions eliciting rich qualitative data to…

Richardson, Paul W.; Watt, Helen M. G.

2005-01-01

352

Comparative case studies towards mainstreaming water sensitive urban design in Australia and the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the lessons that can be drawn from comparative case studies about mainstreaming Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) in the Netherlands and Melbourne (Australia) in order to advance and realise the societal change towards more sustainable urban water systems. Analysis of the transition pathways are used to determine the current state of the transition in urban water management

J. S. Rijke; R. E. De Graaf; F. H. M. Van de Ven; R. R. Brown; D. J. Biron

2008-01-01

353

Achalasia of the cardia in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty children with achalasia of the cardia were seen at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne in the years 1953 to 1986. The clinical presentation, investigations, and treatment are discussed. Ten children have been followed for 10 or more years and their late follow-up results are reported. The majority are symptomatic, and this is usually related to oesophageal dysmotility rather than

R. G. Taylor; N. A. Myers

1989-01-01

354

The impact of a police crackdown on a street drug scene: evidence from the street  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article documents the impact of a police crackdown on a street heroin market in a suburb of Melbourne, Australia, as perceived by individuals involved in the market. While our data suggest that ‘Operation Clean Heart’ achieved its objective of reducing the visible aspects of this street drug scene, they also imply that the drug market rapidly adapted to its

Campbell Aitken; David Moore; Peter Higgs; Jenny Kelsall; Michael Kerger

2002-01-01

355

FOREWORD: Dr Trevor J Hicks Dr Trevor J Hicks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This issue of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter has been assembled to recognize the valuable contribution of Dr Trevor J Hicks to the field of neutron scattering and magnetism. Trevor began his study of magnetism as a PhD student at Monash University in Melbourne in the early 1960s, working with Professor Jack Smith. From the very beginning magnetism in alloys,

Darren Goossens

2009-01-01

356

Interpreter Training at R.M.I.T.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia has a need for trained interpreters, particularly to work in social services involving immigrants. Training courses have begun for such interpreters, one at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology. This course aims toward bilingual fluency and teaches communication skills and both Australian and foreign sociology. (CHK)

Strauss, G.

1975-01-01

357

Development of customised environmental chambers for time-resolved in situ diffraction studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to mitigate the expense and broaden the applicability of customised environment chambers, researchers at the University of Melbourne and the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) have designed and are currently commissioning a modular reaction chamber, capable of separating the necessities of diffraction methodologies from those of the desired sample environment. The In Situ Reaction Chamber

M. J. Styles; D. P. Riley

2010-01-01

358

Assessment as an Intervention in the Child and Family Forensic Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Before a Children's Court decision is reached, a clinical assessment may be ordered by the court. This assessment often occurs when tension is high for the family and when well-established defenses may falter, and it can provide a prime, critical opportunity to facilitate positive change. Comprehensive psychological assessment at the Children's Court Clinic in Melbourne, Australia, indicates the intervention value

Patricia Brown; Suzanne Dean

2002-01-01

359

Developing a Course on the Law of Peace Operations: Method and Practice--Making Ends Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reflects on my personal experience conceptualising and teaching the law of peace operations course at The Melbourne Law School. More specifically, the paper examines some of the key challenges I have faced in developing the most appropriate conceptual framework and teaching methodologies to assist graduate students to better understand…

Oswald, Bruce M.

2007-01-01

360

Multilingualism among University Staff: A Case Study of Language Management at an Australian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employing the language management framework, this paper reports on multilingual use among the staff of a major metropolitan university in Melbourne and covers both simple and organised management. It describes a top-down attempt to survey staffs' (academic and general) background in Languages other than English (LOTE), LOTE usage and…

Marriott, Helen

2013-01-01

361

A WSR-88D Assessment of Tropical Cyclone Outer Rainband Tornadoes  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of the National Weather Service (NWS) Modernization and Restructuring Program, WSR-88D (NE- XRAD) Doppler radar installation has been completed at each Weather Service Office in Florida. Recently, this powerful new tool provided unique opportunities for Jacksonville, Tampa Bay, and Melbourne NEXRAD Weather Service Office personnel to investigate tropical cyclone (TC) rainbands for evidence of tornadogenesis. This study provides

Scott M. Spratt; David W. Sharp; Pat Welsh; Al Sandrik; Frank Alsheimer; Charlie Paxton

1997-01-01

362

Educational Contexts for the Development of Children's Spirituality: Exploring the Use of Imagination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a Chaplain working in the Anglican school system in Melbourne, Australia, my concern is with the spiritual development of students. This year I have been trialing the educational application of activities used in creative arts therapy. Continuing the theme of my recent doctoral studies in children's spirituality, I am concerned that education…

Mountain, Vivienne

2007-01-01

363

Improving the Care of Mentally Ill Patients in a Tertiary Emergency Department: Development of a Psychiatric Assessment and Planning Unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim was to describe the Psychiatric Assessment and Planning Unit (PAPU), established at the Royal Melbourne Hospital (RMH) to improve access to psychiatric care for patients presenting via the Emergency Department (ED).Method: PAPU was opened in January 2007. Data was recorded from RMH ED databases to compare ED lengths of stay (LOS) prior to and after establishing PAPU.

Veronique Browne; Jonathan Knott; Jenny Dakis; John Fielding; Daphne Lyle; Catherine Daniel; Michael Bruce; Elizabeth Virtue

2011-01-01

364

Twentieth century toxinology and antivenom development in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was not until the last decade of the 19th century that an experimental approach (led by Bancroft in Queensland and Martin in Sydney and Melbourne) brought a higher plane of scientific objectivity to usher in the modern era of Australian toxinology. This Australia era, 1895–1905, coincided with and in some respects was the result of the new knowledge emerging

Kenneth D. Winkel; Peter Mirtschin; John Pearn

2006-01-01

365

Central island tongue flap.  

PubMed

Pedicled tongue flaps have proved to be an effective method of repairing defects due to tissue loss in the oral cavity. Their central position, mobility, and excellent blood supply make their use feasible in a variety of sites. This paper describes the use and applications of central island tongue flaps to reconstruct defects of anterior floor of the mouth. This procedure was conducted at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University Hanover, introducing an improved surgical method and presenting the actual operation performed in our department. This method is considered superior for resurfacing the anterior floor of mouth defects because it is easy to perform and results in recovery of function and cosmetics. PMID:9927907

Shibahara, T; Noma, H; Fujikawa, M; Miyao, T; Ishikawa, M; Takasaki, Y

1998-08-01

366

Central Limit Theorem  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, created by Richard Lowry of Vassar College, illustrates the central limit theorem by allowing the user to increase the number of samples in increments of 100, 1,000, or 10,000. The sample size can be changed and these changes will then be reflected in the distribution. Overall, this is a great interactive resource for students wanting to engage more in their study of statistics.

Lowry, Richard

2009-11-04

367

FNAL central email systems  

SciTech Connect

The FNAL Email System is the primary point of entry for email destined for an employee or user at Fermilab. This centrally supported system is designed for reliability and availability. It uses multiple layers of protection to help ensure that: (1) SPAM messages are tagged properly; (2) All mail is inspected for viruses; and (3) Valid mail gets delivered. This system employs numerous redundant subsystems to accomplish these tasks.

Schmidt, Jack; Lilianstrom, Al; Pasetes, Ray; Hill, Kevin; /Fermilab

2004-10-01

368

Investment Club Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Investment Club Central was developed by invest-o-rama! to promote investment clubs. At the site, visitors will find many useful articles on how to start an investment club, as well as a collection of investment club news stories. Other resources at the site include a list of online data sources, links to stock research, tutorials on selecting stocks for the club and a directory of investment clubs online.

Gerlach, Douglas.

1998-01-01

369

The Central Pacific Megatrend  

Microsoft Academic Search

The WNW-ESE-trending Central Pacific Megatrend is a transbasinal feature comprising several types of geornorphic features—ridges, linear seamount chains, and fractures. First appearing on the satellite altimetry data set, an updated bathymetry effort is presented to verify the existence of such a feature. The route is traced from the Banda Sea in the Indonesian region to South America, a distance of

N. Christian Smoot; Bruce A. Leybourne

2001-01-01

370

[Centralization versus decentralization. Hematology].  

PubMed

Clinical haematology is the result of teamwork among dedicated specialists in pathology, molecular diagnostics, imaging, radiotherapy and the haematologist, who in turn can focus on only a limited fraction of the various and highly complex diseases that together constitute clinical haematology. The treatment of patients should be centralized in departments large enough to permit internal subspecialization and to provide expert service focused on haematology. No more than three such hematology centers are needed in Denmark. PMID:16640979

Borregaard, Niels

2006-04-10

371

Lesson Plan Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lesson Plan Central -- a free lesson plans, WebQuests, worksheets, student link and clipart Web site -- has a great collection of science specific links. Categorized by subject and grade level, the listed sites are are briefly described, and any new site is labeled as such. Links to just the new, cool, and clipart sites are also provided. This collection is a great way for kids and educators to find new teaching and learning aids.

2008-09-16

372

Central Nervous System Emergencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emergency management of central nervous system malignancies is an unfortunate reality facing the oncologist. Although expeditious\\u000a treatment is certainly the cornerstone of management, the astute clinician should carefully weigh a combination of multidisciplinary\\u000a therapeutic options to ensure optimal outcome for the patient, with an eye toward both treatment sequelae and anticipation\\u000a of future need for further treatment.

Kevin P. McMullen; Edward G. Shaw; Volker W. Stieber

373

PubMed Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After almost a year of sometimes contentious debate, the National Institutes of Health has officially opened PubMed Central, a free online archive of full-text, peer-reviewed research papers in the life sciences. While the majority of the major scientific publishers have declined to participate, a number of respected journals will be featured at the site. The first of these are Molecular Biology of the Cell and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. At the time of writing, only the November 1, 1999 issue of Molecular Biology of the Cell was available. Users can view abstracts or the full text of over 30 articles in HTML or .pdf format. The full texts of issues for both journals from 1999 and 1998 are in preparation. Forthcoming journals include Biochemical Journal, Canadian Medical Association Journal, Frontiers in Bioscience, and five journals from BioMed Central. Background and participation information are available at the site. While current offerings at the site are modest, PubMed Central promises to become a major resource for scholars and professionals in the life sciences.

374

Central Florida Memory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Central Florida Memory project was started in 2002 by The University of Central Florida Library, The Orange County Regional History Center, and The Orange County Library System. The intent of the project is "to provide an online platform and focal point for gathering, preserving, and disseminating the documents, artifacts, and stories of the history of Central Florida." Over the past few years, the project has been awarded with additional funding grants from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Currently, the project site contains over 80,000 images, along with maps, plans, and other documents. Visitors to the homepage will find three primary sections of note: "Collection", "Share", and "Learn". In the "Collection" area, visitors can make their way through postcards, maps, and the "most recent" additions to the site. For people looking for a more organized experience, there's the "Learn" area. Here they can find thematic collections like "Dreams and Schemes", "Roads, Rivers and Rails", and "Critters, Crackers and Cottages". For those looking for a sample search, words like "Deland", "Stetson University", "Orlando", and "pineapple" will return a host of compelling items.

375

Central respiratory chemoreception  

PubMed Central

Summary By definition central respiratory chemoreceptors (CRCs) are cells that are sensitive to changes in brain PCO2 or pH and contribute to the stimulation of breathing elicited by hypercapnia or metabolic acidosis. CO2 most likely works by lowering pH. The pertinent proton receptors have not been identified and may be ion channels. CRCs are probably neurons but may also include acid-sensitive glia and vascular cells that communicate with neurons via paracrine mechanisms. Retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) neurons are the most completely characterized CRCs. Their high sensitivity to CO2 in vivo presumably relies on their intrinsic acid-sensitivity, excitatory inputs from the carotid bodies and brain regions such as raphe and hypothalamus, and facilitating influences from neighboring astrocytes. RTN neurons are necessary for the respiratory network to respond to CO2 during the perinatal period and under anesthesia. In conscious adults, RTN neurons contribute to an unknown degree to the pH-dependent regulation of breathing rate, inspiratory and expiratory activity. The abnormal prenatal development of RTN neurons probably contributes to the congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. Other CRCs presumably exist but the supportive evidence is less complete. The proposed locations of these CRCs are the medullary raphe, the nucleus tractus solitarius, the ventrolateral medulla, the fastigial nucleus and the hypothalamus. Several wake-promoting systems (serotonergic and catecholaminergic neurons, orexinergic neurons) are also putative CRCs. Their contribution to central respiratory chemoreception may be behavior-dependent or vary according to the state of vigilance.

Guyenet, Patrice G.; Stornetta, Ruth L.; Bayliss, Douglas A.

2010-01-01

376

33. CENTRAL HEIGHT OF CENTRAL PAVILION IN EAST FACADEINCLINED, FRONTAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. CENTRAL HEIGHT OF CENTRAL PAVILION IN EAST FACADE--INCLINED, FRONTAL Copy photograph of photogrammetric plate LC-HABS-FS13-B-1974-832L. - St. Mary's Seminary, 600 North Paca Street, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

377

Central African Republic.  

PubMed

Focus in this discussion of the Central African Republic is on: geography; the people; history and political conditions; government; the economy; foreign relations; and relations with the US. The population of the Central African Republic totaled 2.7 million in 1985 with an annual growth rate of 2.8%. The infant mortality rate is 134/1000 with life expectancy at 49 years. The Central African Republic is at almost the precise center of Africa, about 640 km from the nearest ocean. More than 70% of the population live in rural areas. There are more than 80 ethnic groups, each with its own language. The precolonial history of the area was marked by successive waves of migration, of which little is known. These migrations are responsible for the complex ethnic and linguistic patterns today. United with Chad in 1906, it formed the Oubangui-Chari-Chad colony. In 1910, it became 1 of the 4 territories of the Federation of French Equatorial Africa, along with Chad, Congo, and Gabon. After World War II, the French Constitution of 1946 inaugurated the first of a series of reforms that led eventually to complete independence for all French territories in western and equatorial Africa. The nation became an autonomous republic within the newly established French Community on December 1, 1958, and acceded to complete independence as the Central Africa Republic on August 13, 1960. The government is made up of the executive and the judicial branches. The constitution and legislature remain suspended. All executive and legislative powers, as well as judicial oversight, are vested in the chief of state. The Central African Republic is 1 of the world's least developed countries, with an annual per capita income of $310. 85% of the population is engaged in subsistence farming. Diamonds account for nearly 1/3 of export earnings; the industrial sector is limited. The US terminated bilateral assistance programs in 1979, due to the human rights violations of the Bokassa regime, but modest development assistance was resumed in 1982. PMID:12178132

1986-02-01

378

Optimal dispersion and central places  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents research into optimal dispersion models as applied to central places. The literature regarding location optimization and central places is reviewed and the motivation for employing dispersion models is identified. Models that employ the objective of maximal dispersion in the context of central places are formulated and solved in the context of both single- and multiple-good systems. Two methods for generating multiple-good systems are presented: a multiple-type dispersion model and a K-value constraint set formulation. Sequential solutions to dispersion models demonstrate how a system of central places could develop over time. The solutions to these models generate the patterns of central places expected under the organizing principles of central place theory. The objective of maximal dispersion is posited as both a motivating factor in central place location decisions, and as the optimal outcome of a mature system of central places.

Curtin, Kevin M.; Church, Richard L.

2007-06-01

379

Central African Industrial Coordination Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the findings and conclusions of an Industrial Coordination Survey of the Central African sub-region of Cameroun, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), and Gabon. The principle objective of the...

R. Manly

1965-01-01

380

Central ignition scenarios for TFTR  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of obtaining ignition in TFTR by means of very centrally peaked density profiles is examined. It is shown that local central alpha heating can be made to exceed local central energy losses (''central ignition'') under global conditions for which Q greater than or equal to 1. Time dependent 1-D transport simulations show that the normal global ignition requirements are substantially relaxed for plasmas with peaked density profiles. 18 refs., 18 figs.

Zweben, S.J.; Redi, M.H.; Bateman, G.

1986-03-01

381

Spectral Atlas Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the National Optical Astronomy Observatories and the Kitt Peak National Observatory, comes the Spectral Atlas Central Web site. Users can plot wavelengths covering the spectra of 3005ÃÂ thru 10598ÃÂ, 3000ÃÂ thru 10900ÃÂ, and 3300ÃÂ thru 11100ÃÂ by inputting a start and end wavelength and specifying the number of lines. The resulting plots can then be viewed or downloaded as a FITS file, Postscript file, or a line list. The specificity of subject contained on the site will certainly exclude those unfamiliar with the topic, but should be helpful for those whose work or research is similar in nature.

2001-01-01

382

Fires in Central Africa  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hundreds of fires are set every year during the dry season in Central Africa. This true color image from the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) shows dozens of smoke plumes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on June 29, 2000. Residents burn away scrub and brush annually in the woody savanna to clear land for farming and grazing. For more information, visit the SeaWiFS Home Page, Global Fire Monitoring Fact Sheet, and 4km2 Fire Data Image Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

2002-01-01

383

Floods in Central China  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This pair of true- and false-color images from the Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) shows flooding in central China on July 4, 2002. In the false-color image vegetation appears orange and water appears dark blue to black. Because of the cloud cover and the fact that some of the water is filled with sediment, the false-color image provides a clearer picture of where rivers have exceeded their banks and lakes have risen. The river in this image is the Yangtze River, and the large lake is the Poyang Hu. Credits: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

2002-01-01

384

Central receiver technology  

SciTech Connect

The research and development described in this document was conducted within the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Thermal Technology Program. The goal of this program is to advance the engineering and scientific understanding of solar thermal technology and to establish the technology base from which private industry can develop solar thermal power production options for introduction into the competitive energy market. This report describes central receiver technology: its accomplishments to date, its current technology status, and the efforts still necessary to fully exploit it.

Holl, R.L. (HGH Entperises, Inc. (USA))

1989-09-01

385

Central American electrical interconnection  

SciTech Connect

A technical cooperation grant of $2.25 million, designed to strengthen the capacity of Central American countries to operate their regional interconnected electrical system, was announced by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). The grant, extended from the banks Fund for Special Operations, will help improve the capacity of the regions electric power companies to achieve economical, safe operation of the interconnected electric power systems. The funds will also be used to finance regional studies of the accords, procedures, regulations, and supervisory mechanisms for the system, as well as program development and data bases.

Not Available

1988-12-01

386

Controlling centrality in complex networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spectral centrality measures allow to identify influential individuals in social groups, to rank Web pages by their popularity, and even to determine the impact of scientific researches. The centrality score of a node within a network crucially depends on the entire pattern of connections, so that the usual approach is to compute the node centralities once the network structure is

Vincenzo Nicosia; Regino Criado; Miguel Romance; Giovanni Russo; Vito Latora

2011-01-01

387

Central Vision in the Newborn.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests newborns' ability to detect a dot with central vision and compares both the proportion of time the infants fixated centrally and the duration of each central fixation. Subjects were 46 newborns ranging in age from 1 to 7 days. (MP)

Lewis, Terri L.; Maurer, Daphne

1980-01-01

388

Africa Research Central  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Historically, researchers in Europe and the US have had difficulty finding updated information on primary source African collections. African Research Central, hosted by California State University at San Bernardino, seeks to bridge this information gap by offering centralized and frequently updated information on primary source collections, as well as publicizing the needs of the repositories and suggesting a plan of action for concerned researchers. The site is divided into three sections: The Repositories, For Researchers, and For Repository Professionals. The first section serves as a gateway to the archives, libraries, and museums with important collections of African primary sources. The emphasis is on Africa, but European and North American institutions are also listed. Information for institutions includes contact information, access conditions, publications, references, and a preservation wish list. The second section includes a Researcher's Questionnaire and information on how academics can contribute to the preservation of African sources. The Repository Professionals section invites archivists to update information on repositories or add new ones and publicize their preservation needs and desires. Both of the latter sections also offer related links. Future plans for the site include a searchable database, an expanded repository list, and a section for educators.

389

Future Flight Central  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA 'Future Flight Central,' the world's first full-scale virtual airport control tower, opened December 13, 1999 at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California. Constructed at a cost of $10 million, the two story facility was jointly funded by NASA and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The facility is designed to test ways to solve potential air and ground traffic problems at commercial airports under realistic airport conditions and configurations. The facility provides an opportunity for airlines and airports to mitigate passenger delays by fine tuning airport hub operations, gate management, ramp movement procedures, and various other airport improvements. Twelve rear projection screens provide a seamless 360 degree high- resolution view of the airport or other screens being depicted. The imaging system, powered by supercomputers, provides a realistic view of weather conditions, enviromental and seasonal effects and the movement of up to 200 active aircraft and ground vehicles.

1999-01-01

390

Central solar energy receiver  

DOEpatents

An improved tower-mounted central solar energy receiver for heating air drawn through the receiver by an induced draft fan. A number of vertically oriented, energy absorbing, fin-shaped slats are radially arranged in a number of concentric cylindrical arrays on top of the tower coaxially surrounding a pipe having air holes through which the fan draws air which is heated by the slats which receive the solar radiation from a heliostat field. A number of vertically oriented and wedge-shaped columns are radially arranged in a number of concentric cylindrical clusters surrounding the slat arrays. The columns have two mirror-reflecting sides to reflect radiation into the slat arrays and one energy absorbing side to reduce reradiation and reflection from the slat arrays.

Drost, M. Kevin (Richland, WA)

1983-01-01

391

Central Michigan University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Central Michigan University serves Michigan and the larger community as a doctoral/research intensive public university focused on excellent teaching and student-focused learning. The University is committed to providing a broad range of undergraduate and graduate programs and services to prepare its students for varied roles as responsible citizens and leaders in a democratic and diverse society. Its programs encourage intellectual and moral growth, prepare students for meaningful careers and professions, instill the values of lifelong learning, and encourage civic responsibility, public service and understanding among social groups in a global society. The university emphasizes an undergraduate program that maintains a balance between general education and specialization. In addition to educational depth in at least one academic discipline or professional field, the university provides educational experiences in the arts, humanities, natural and social sciences, global cultures, and issues of race and diversity. The university offers selected high quality graduate programs in traditional disciplines and professional fields. Through its College of Extended Learning, the university provides access to higher education programs and lifelong learning opportunities both nationally and internationally through a variety of innovative instructional methods and schedules designed to meet the demands of adult populations. Central Michigan University encourages research, scholarship and creative activity and promotes the scholarly pursuit and dissemination of new knowledge, artistic production and applied research. Through its support of research, the university enhances the learning opportunities of both its undergraduate and graduate students and promotes economic, cultural and social development. The university�s sense of community is reflected through governance structures that allow broadbased participation, opportunities for close student-faculty interaction, and a rich array of residential and campus-based co-curricular activities. Through its partnerships and outreach efforts, the university promotes learning outsideof the traditional classroom and enhances the general welfare of society.

University, Central M.

392

HealthCentral  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

HealthCentral (formerly HealthScout), a news service provided by Rx Remedy, Inc., posts fifteen to twenty short, easy-to-understand articles each day on a variety of medical and health topics in the news. Articles are based on interviews with experts and reports from medical journals, and HealthScout cites sources and provides links to related resources for each. HealthScout also summarizes newswire stories and links to the original newspaper or journal article. A Directory section contains an archive of older articles. Registration is not required to use the site; however, visitors can sign up to receive personalized health or medical news reports by filling out a personal survey. Quick registration allows users to select from nearly 350 topics; "7-Minute Checkup" requires extensive personal information, but provides a choice of over 700 topics and a detailed health-risk assessment based on the user's responses. The site contains a privacy statement and recommends that users select "Switch to Secure Server" [which requires a browser that supports Secure Socket Layers (SSL)] before submitting information. Searches of news sources are performed every four hours, and users can opt to receive email notification when HealthScout posts new information on their topic.

1998-01-01

393

Central odontogenic fibroma  

PubMed Central

Central odontogenic fibroma (COF), which has been categorized under the subheading of odontogenic tumors of ectomesenchyme, is such an uncommon neoplasm that much of its nature is left uncharted. COF is a rare tumor that accounts for 0.1% of all odontogenic tumors. Clinically, the lesion grows slowly and leads to cortical expansion. Radiologically, the lesion may be unilocular or multilocular. In some cases, it may be associated with root resorption or displacement. Histopathologically, the lesion is characterized by mature collagen fibers and numerous fibroblasts. A case of COF of the mandible in a male patient aged 49 years is described in this report. The patient showed no symptoms, no history of swelling discomfort or pain, and was unaware of the presence of the lesion. Orthopantomogram (OPG) showed generalized bone loss along with a unilocular radiolucent area, with a clear sclerotic lining and angular bone loss. Surgical enucleation of the lesion along with placement of osseo-graft, which is a bioresorbable demineralized bone matrix (DMBM), and platelet-rich fibrin was carried out in the defect site. Following surgery, patient was recalled for revaluation of the lesion; the surgical site showed good healing and an increase in bone height was seen.

Venugopal, Sanjay; Radhakrishna, Satish; Raj, Akshatha; Sawhney, Anshul

2014-01-01

394

Central nervous system histoplasmosis.  

PubMed

Involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is recognized clinically in 5% to 10% of patients with progressive disseminated histoplasmosis. The risk of developing CNS histoplasmosis is increased in individuals with impaired cellular immunity, but not all patients with this condition are immunocompromised. Clinical syndromes include chronic meningitis, focal parenchymal lesions of the brain or spinal cord, stroke due to infected emboli, and diffuse encephalitis. CNS histoplasmosis should be considered in any patient with one of these syndromes who has resided in an area endemic for histoplasmosis. A high index of suspicion is necessary when extraneural signs and symptoms are absent. Culture of the causative fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum, from cerebrospinal fluid, brain tissue, or other sites is the gold standard for diagnosis. In culture-negative cases, detection of H. capsulatum antigen in cerebrospinal fluid, urine, or blood is helpful diagnostically. Aggressive and prolonged antifungal therapy is indicated in all cases of CNS histoplasmosis. There are no data from prospective comparative trials upon which to base specific recommendations for treatment. Expert opinion favors an initial course of liposomal amphotericin B, followed by at least 1 year of itraconazole. PMID:18579019

Saccente, Michael

2008-05-01

395

TACS Central Control Facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Terminal Access Control System (TACS) is designed to make efficient usage of 25-kHz-wide satellite transponder channels, such as those available on FLEETSAT, GAPSAT, LEASAT. It does so by applying time division multiple access and automated demand assignment techniques to these channels, allowing a significant increase in both data throughput and supportable user population, as compared to the initial, single network per transponder FLEETSAT operating mode. The Terminal Technology Group of Lincoln Laboratory Division 6 has built prototypes of all of the TACS ground segment equipment, as well as special-purpose test equipment used to demonstrate and quantify the performance of TACS. This report describes the implementation details of components of the TACS Central Control Facility as configured for testing at the Laboratory. The components described are: the Multiple access Controller, the Call Simulator, the System Operator's Console, and the Scenario Generator. All differences in implementation/configuration between the testing environment and a full-scale operational environment are noted in the report.

Storch, S. B.; Taylor, L. E.; Landon, S. N.; Cappello, C. D.

1981-02-01

396

Recursion Formulas of Central Configurations.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper analyzes central configurations which are special configurations leading to homothetic solutions of the n-body problem. For the planar central configurations, these solutions also provide periodic solutions of the n-body problem. Chapter 1 defines the problem and provides an overview of the area. There is historical interest in knowing the total number of these central configurations. For n >= 4 the problem remains unsolved. Furthermore, a different mass ratio between the n bodies will produce a different total number of central configurations. This paper will provide the total number of central configurations which has a special mass ratio. For the planar central configurations the total number of central configurations grows at the speed n!2n, and the three dimensional case is n!3^{n }. Chapters 2, 3 and 5 give details and proofs of the analytical continuation method. This method begins with three bodies, then creates the central configurations with four bodies with one small mass, using the implicit function theorem. If the process is repeated, the total number of central configurations for any n-body problem may be calculated, provided (n-3) masses are sufficiently small. In Chapters 4 and 7, the formulas are derived for the total number of central configurations of the n-body problem with special mass ratio (m _1,m_2,m_3,epsilon_1, ...,epsilonn) in both planar and three-dimensional cases. Examples of formulas provided are: n!(2^{n+1} + 1) , n!((n^2 - n + 4)2^{n+1 } - n - 7), and (n!/6) ((n ^3 + 11n - 12)2^{n+2} + 6n + 54). Chapter 6 solves a very special degenerate case during the continuation process. The Morse Index of these central configurations is discussed in Chapter 8.

Tien, Fangcheng

1993-01-01

397

Central and southern Africa  

SciTech Connect

Exploration in central and southern Africa continued to expand during 1980. The greatest concentration of activity was in Nigeria. However, there was considerable increase in the level of exploratory work in Cameroon and Congo. Significant new finds have been made in Ivory Coast. Geological and geophysical activity was carried out in 18 of the countries, with those in the western part having the largest share. Seismic work involved 225 party months of operation. Most of this time was spent on land, but marine operations accounted for 73,389 km of new control. Gravity and magnetic data were recorded during the marine surveys, and several large aeromagnetic projects were undertaken to obtain a total of 164,498 line km of data. Exploratory and development drilling accounted for a total of 304 wells and 2,605,044 ft (794,212 m) of hole. The 92 exploratory wells that were drilled resulted in 47 oil and gas discoveries. In development drilling 89% of the 212 wells were successful. At the end of the year, 27 exploratory wells were underway, and 34 development wells were being drilled for a total of 61. Oil production from the countries that this review covers was 918,747,009 bbl in 1980, a drop of about 9% from the previous year. Countries showing a decline in production were Nigeria, Gabon, Cabinda, and Zaire. Increases were recorded in Cameroon, Congo, and Ghana. A new country was added to the list of producers when production from the Belier field in Ivory Coast came on stream. 33 figures, 15 tables.

McGrew, H.J.

1981-10-01

398

Central African Republic.  

PubMed

The Central African Republic contains 242,000 square miles, which rolling terrain almost 2000 feet above sea level. The climate is tropical, and it has a population of 2.8 million people with a 2.5% growth rate. There are more than 80 ethnic groups including Baya 34%, Banda 28%, Sara 10%, Mandja 9%, Mboum 9%, and M'Baka 7%. The religions are traditional African 35%, protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, and Muslim 15%, and the languages are French and Sangho. The infant mortality rate is 143/1000, with expectancy at 49 years and a 40% literacy rate. The work force of 1 million is 70% agricultural, industry 6% and commerce and service 6% and government 3%. The government consists of a president assisted by cabinet ministers and a single party. Natural resources include diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, and oil, and major industries are beverages, textiles, and soap. Agricultural products feature coffee, cotton, peanuts, tobacco, food crops and livestock. Most of the population live in rural areas and most of the 80 ethnic groups have their own language. This is one of the world's least developed countries, with a per capita income of $375/year. The main problems with development are the poor transportation infrastructure, and the weak internal and international marketing systems. The US and various international organizations have aided in agriculture development, health programs, and family planning. US investment is mainly in diamond and gold mining, and although oil drilling has been successful it is not economically feasible at current prices. PMID:12178020

1989-11-01

399

Russia's Place in Central Asia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis assesses the need for U.S.-Russian cooperation in Central Asia to create a stronger, more reliable long-term stability in the region. Current United States policy toward Russia in Central Asia is tailored to isolate and minimize Russian influe...

J. M. Edwards

2001-01-01

400

Regional Education Profile: Central America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles of the educational systems in the seven Central American countries are presented, along with an introductory essay by Rene Greenwald, "Higher Education in Central America: Trends and Developments: 1985-86." Country profiles are provided for Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. For each country, an…

Institute of International Education, New York, NY.

401

Centralized versus Decentralized Information Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper brings into question whether information systems should be centralized or decentralized in order to provide greater support for different business processes. During the last century companies and organizations have used different approaches for centralization and decentralization; a simple answer to the question does not exist. This paper provides a survey of the evolution of centralized and decentralized approaches, mainly in a Nordic perspective. Based on critical reflections on the situation in the end of the century we can discuss what we can learn from history to achieve alignment between centralized and decentralized systems and the business structure. The conclusion is that theories, management and practice for decisions on centralization or decentralization of information systems must be improved. A conscious management and control of centralization /decentralization of IT support is a vital question in the company or the organization, and this is not a task that can be handled only by IT-specialists. There is a need for business oriented IT management of centralization/decentralization.

Hugoson, Mats-Åke

402

Combined central and peripheral demyelination.  

PubMed

Acquired central and peripheral demyelination in the same patient is a very rare feature. We report a 52-year-male patient with the chronic autoimmune hepatitis (CAH) presenting with pure motor areflexic quadriparesis from 4 months and recent onset of drowsiness of 4 days duration. Studies of imaging and electrophysiology suggested central pontine myelinolysis and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Patient was effectively treated with high dose steroids. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of central and peripheral demyelination in a patient with CAH. PMID:24741261

Menon, Bindu; Bedi, Saranjeet Singh; Rao, G Uma Maheshwar

2014-01-01

403

CASWW Central Asia Experts Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Harvard Forum for Central Asian Studies, this site will prove useful to graduate students and scholars of Central Asia. The site was created to facilitate access for policy-makers, the press, and others to scholars with the appropriate expertise in Central Asian Studies. The Directory features those who have indicated their willingness to be contacted for expert consultations, and their listing will include a brief description of their qualifications. It organizes experts by name, topic, location, and under several headings: Politics and International Relations, Economy, Social Issues, and Cultural and Historical Background. The site is still soliciting experts for inclusion, and a link to the questionnaire is provided.

404

Study on Corporate Hereditary Central Dogma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on analyzing the central dogma of biology, this paper raises hypothesis, using the analogism method to set up the corporate hereditary central dogma. It analyzes the differences between the Corporate hereditary central dogma and the central dogma of biology, which explains the significance of research on Corporate hereditary central dogma; it discusses the meanings of all factors of Corporate

Li Xianbai

2010-01-01

405

Super Kitchen Centralizes Food Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To centralize food service within the entire Pittsburgh school district, a 90,000-square-foot food service preparation building contains cranes and monorails to move 500-pound capacity vats throughout the kitchen. (Author/MLF)

Modern Schools, 1975

1975-01-01

406

Top Officials in Central Asia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primer on leaders in the Central Asian region (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) provides biographic snapshots of key figures in each country. In addition, a directory of cabinet ministers, other leading officials, and ...

1992-01-01

407

Central Dogma of Molecular Biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central dogma of molecular biology deals with the detailed residue-by-residue transfer of sequential information. It states that such information cannot be transferred from protein to either protein or nucleic acid.

Francis Crick

1970-01-01

408

How Much Centralization is Enough?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A system for the statewide coordination of higher education that emphasizes centralized accountability and decentralized management should ensure that the concept of institutional autonomy is preserved. (Editor/PG)

Ketter, Robert L.

1975-01-01

409

Rainfall in West Central Africa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An estimation of the relative importance of various factors to the rainfall in West Central Africa has been attempted. The factors considered were tropical waves, monsoon depressions, the position of the intertropical discontinuity (ITD) and the tropical ...

S. Mbele-Mbong

1974-01-01

410

Residential Abandonment in Central Cities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The abandonment of residential properties in central cities is considered in this information bulletin prepared by the Urban Coalition. The coalition is a consortium of 34 urban governments working together with Federal officials and private industry to e...

1977-01-01

411

Central Valley Water Resource Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is growing concern over water quality in the Central Valley of California, particularly in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. Federal actions on both water quality standards and water project development are of major significance in future water mana...

1970-01-01

412

Central-Office Real Estate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how to upgrade a school district's central-office facilities without incurring taxpayer enmity. Includes case studies from Harford County, Maryland; Orange and Broward Counties, Florida; South Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Mt. Baker, Washington; Chicago, Illinois; and Rochester, New Hampshire. (PKP)

Pardini, Priscilla

2003-01-01

413

Geothermal Activities in Central America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Agency for International Development is funding a new program in energy and minerals for Central America. Geothermal energy is an important component. A country-wide geothermal assessment has started in Honduras, and other assessment activities are in...

J. T. Whetten R. J. Hanold

1985-01-01

414

Trinity Division: Central Valley Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Central Valley Project (CVP) continued expanding in California after completion of the Project's initial features. The Trinity River Division was part of this expansion. California picked up on the idea for the Division from a Federal Power Commission...

E. A. Stene

1996-01-01

415

Solar Central Receiver Test Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The world's largest high intensity solar experimental facility became fully operational October 1978. The Central Receiver Test Facility is capable of delivering 5 million watts of thermal power to experimental equipment. The primary CRTF testing programs...

G. E. Brandvold J. T. Holmes

1979-01-01

416

Tourism in East Central Florida.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes a research effort to project tourism as an industry in East Central Florida and present such key planning factors as employment, population supported, retail sales, motel and restaurant data and total investment. The approach used i...

1969-01-01

417

Centrality Metric for Dynamic Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Centrality is an important notion in network analysis and is used to measure\\u000athe degree to which network structure contributes to the importance of a node\\u000ain a network. While many different centrality measures exist, most of them\\u000aapply to static networks. Most networks, on the other hand, are dynamic in\\u000anature, evolving over time through the addition or deletion

Kristina Lerman; Rumi Ghosh; Jeon Hyung Kang

2010-01-01

418

Central schemes and contact discontinuities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introducé a family of new second-orcier Godunov-type central schemes for one-dimensio- nal Systems of conservation laws. They are a less dissipative generalization of the central-upwind schemes, proposed in (A. Kurganov et aL: submitted to SIAM J. Sci. Comput), whose construction is based on the maximal one-sided local speeds of propagation. We also present a recipe, which helps to improve

Alexander Kurganov; Guergana Petrova

2000-01-01

419

Leibniz superalgebras and central extensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dialgebras are generalizations of associative algebras which give rise to\\u000aLeibniz algebras instead of Lie algebras. In this paper we study super\\u000adialgebras and Leibniz superalgebras, which are $\\\\z_2$-graded dialgebras and\\u000aLeibniz algebras. We also study universal central extesions of Leibniz\\u000asuperalgebras and obtain some results as in the case of Lie superalgebras. We\\u000adetermine universal central extensions of basic

Dong Liu; Naihong Hu

2005-01-01

420

Genetics Home Reference: Central core disease  

MedlinePLUS

... Recent literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Central core disease On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance ... Glossary definitions Reviewed October 2007 What is central core disease? Central core disease is a disorder that ...

421

Network Centrality of Metro Systems  

PubMed Central

Whilst being hailed as the remedy to the world’s ills, cities will need to adapt in the 21st century. In particular, the role of public transport is likely to increase significantly, and new methods and technics to better plan transit systems are in dire need. This paper examines one fundamental aspect of transit: network centrality. By applying the notion of betweenness centrality to 28 worldwide metro systems, the main goal of this paper is to study the emergence of global trends in the evolution of centrality with network size and examine several individual systems in more detail. Betweenness was notably found to consistently become more evenly distributed with size (i.e. no “winner takes all”) unlike other complex network properties. Two distinct regimes were also observed that are representative of their structure. Moreover, the share of betweenness was found to decrease in a power law with size (with exponent 1 for the average node), but the share of most central nodes decreases much slower than least central nodes (0.87 vs. 2.48). Finally the betweenness of individual stations in several systems were examined, which can be useful to locate stations where passengers can be redistributed to relieve pressure from overcrowded stations. Overall, this study offers significant insights that can help planners in their task to design the systems of tomorrow, and similar undertakings can easily be imagined to other urban infrastructure systems (e.g., electricity grid, water/wastewater system, etc.) to develop more sustainable cities.

Derrible, Sybil

2012-01-01

422

Network centrality of metro systems.  

PubMed

Whilst being hailed as the remedy to the world's ills, cities will need to adapt in the 21(st) century. In particular, the role of public transport is likely to increase significantly, and new methods and technics to better plan transit systems are in dire need. This paper examines one fundamental aspect of transit: network centrality. By applying the notion of betweenness centrality to 28 worldwide metro systems, the main goal of this paper is to study the emergence of global trends in the evolution of centrality with network size and examine several individual systems in more detail. Betweenness was notably found to consistently become more evenly distributed with size (i.e. no "winner takes all") unlike other complex network properties. Two distinct regimes were also observed that are representative of their structure. Moreover, the share of betweenness was found to decrease in a power law with size (with exponent 1 for the average node), but the share of most central nodes decreases much slower than least central nodes (0.87 vs. 2.48). Finally the betweenness of individual stations in several systems were examined, which can be useful to locate stations where passengers can be redistributed to relieve pressure from overcrowded stations. Overall, this study offers significant insights that can help planners in their task to design the systems of tomorrow, and similar undertakings can easily be imagined to other urban infrastructure systems (e.g., electricity grid, water/wastewater system, etc.) to develop more sustainable cities. PMID:22792373

Derrible, Sybil

2012-01-01

423

The Central Asia Caucacus Analyst  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This biweekly journal is the product of the Central Asia-Caucacus Institute (CACI), an independent think tank, affiliated with the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at The Johns Hopkins University. The journal, which CACI has been publishing for about a year, aims to "link the business, governmental, journalistic and scholarly communities," and each issue has four or five short articles, field reports (short pieces focused on communities' assessments of a particular news event), and news bites (paragraph summaries of relevant news items). The current issue contains four articles, S. Frederick Starr's "A Federated Afghanistan?" Maria Sultan's "Avoiding Escalation in Central Asia's Southern Borderland," "Turkey's New Challenges in the Caucacus and Central Asia" by Kemal Kaya, and Miriam Lanskoy's "The Cost of the Chechen War." The journal is available online, or users can download each issue in .pdf format. Note: When we visited, the material available in .pdf format was more current than that in HTML.

2001-01-01

424

Adefovir dipivoxil alone or in combination with lamivudine in patients with lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B 1 1 The Adefovir Dipivoxil International 461 Study Group includes the following: N. Afdhal (Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA); P. Angus (Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia); Y. Benhamou (Hopital La Pitie Salpetriere, Paris, France); M. Bourliere (Hopital Saint Joseph, Marseille, France); P. Buggisch (Universitaetsklinikum Eppendorf, Department of Medicine, Hamburg, Germany); P. Couzigou (Hopital Haut Leveque, Pessac, France); P. Ducrotte and G. Riachi (Hopital Charles Nicolle, Rouen, France); E. Jenny Heathcote (Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada); H. W. Hann (Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA); I. Jacobson (New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY); K. Kowdley (University of Washington Hepatology Center, Seattle, WA); P. Marcellin (Hopital Beaujon, Clichy, France); P. Martin (Cedars-Sinai Medical Ce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background & Aims: Adefovir dipivoxil possesses potent in vitro and in vivo antiviral activity in wild-type hepatitis B. This study assessed the safety and efficacy of adefovir dipivoxil alone and in combination with lamivudine compared with ongoing lamivudine therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B with compensated liver disease and lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV). Methods: Fifty-nine hepatitis B e

Marion G. Peters; H. W. Hann; Paul Martin; E. Jenny Heathcote; P. Buggisch; R. Rubin; M. Bourliere; K. Kowdley; C. Trepo; D. F. Gray; M. Sullivan; K. Kleber; R. Ebrahimi; S. Xiong; Carol L. Brosgart

2004-01-01

425

Volcanoes of the Central Andes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Central Volcanic Zone of the Andes is located between latitudes 14 deg and 28 deg S of the Andean cordillera. An elevated region, much of it over 4000 m in altitude, constituting the altiplano of Bolivia and puna of northern Chile and Argentina, domin...

S. L. de Silva P. W. Francis

1990-01-01

426

Central America: A Regional Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson is a series of activities and multi-media presentations designed to enable students to understand the historic and geographic roots of some of the problems that Central American nations have faced. Geography, history, writing, and storytelling are used as ways of understanding a multicultural world. Creative thinking and participation…

Mowry, George; Lacy, Ann

427

Central Bureau Status and Perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Central Bureau continues to promote the IGS organization, data and data products as setting the world standard for GPS/GNSS geodetic applications as outlined in the IGS Strategic Plan. The Central Bureau was responsible for the organization of the strategic planning process, preparation of all documents, and the editing and publication of the plan. This was a major activity and the Board s consensus on the plan is a significant milestone in the evolution of the IGS. The Central Bureau is responsible for the day-to-day management of the Service. With 200 organizations in over 80 countries and a ground network of approx. 350 stations, this requires daily interfaces on many different levels globally. The separate summary of the IGS Network Coordinator is included in this annual report and demonstrates the vital technical tasks of the Central Bureau. The CB is also responsible to arrange and organize all Board activities and is involved in the supporting the planning and logistics of all IGS workshops and meetings.

Neilan, Ruth

2004-01-01

428

Music Libraries: Centralization versus Decentralization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the decision that branch libraries, music libraries in particular, have struggled with concerning a centralized location in the main library versus a decentralized collection. Reports on a study of the Association of Research Libraries that investigated the location of music libraries, motivation for the location, degrees offered,…

Kuyper-Rushing, Lois

2002-01-01

429

Central 5HT 4 receptors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Activation of the 5-HT4 receptor mediates widespread effects in central and peripheral nervous systems. Recent developments, such as the identification of novel, selective agonists and antagonists, as well the cloning of the receptor, have provided insights into the physiological role of the receptor. In this article, Richard Eglen and colleagues assess the emerging evidence relating to the function of the

Aline Dumuis; Joël Bockaert

1995-01-01

430

Central banks and financial crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper draws lessons from the experience of the past year for the conduct of central banks in the pursuit of macroeconomic and financial stability. Macroeconomic stability is defined as either price stability or as price stability and sustainable output or employment growth. Financial stability refers to (1) the absence of asset price bubbles, (2) the prevention or mitigation of

Willem Buiter

2008-01-01

431

Central Corneal Thickness in Children  

PubMed Central

Objective To report the central corneal thickness (CCT) in healthy white, African-American, and Hispanic children from birth to 17 years of age. Design Prospective observational multicenter study. Central corneal thickness was measured with a hand-held contact pachymeter. Results Two thousand seventy-nine children were included in the study, with ages ranging from day of birth to 17 years. Included were 807 white, 494 Hispanic, and 474 African-American individuals, in addition to Asian, unknown and mixed race individuals. African-American children had thinner corneas on average than that of both white (p< .001) and Hispanic children (p< .001) by approximately 20 micrometers. Thicker median CCT was observed with each successive year of age from age 1 to 11 years, with year-to-year differences steadily decreasing and reaching a plateau after age 11 at 573 micrometers in white and Hispanic children and 551 micrometers in African-American children. For every 100 micrometers of thicker CCT measured, the intraocular pressure was 1.5 mmHg higher on average (p< 0.001). For every diopter of increased myopic refractive error (p< 0.001) CCT was 1 micrometer thinner on average. Conclusions Median CCT increases with age from 1 to 11 years with the greatest increase present in the youngest age groups. African-American children on average have thinner central corneas than white and Hispanic children, while white and Hispanic children demonstrate similar central corneal thickness.

2011-01-01

432

Central Libraries in Uncertain Times.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses security and safety issues for public libraries, especially high-profile central facilities, in light of the September 11 terrorist attacks. Highlights include inspecting bags as patrons enter as well as exit; the need for security guidelines for any type of disaster or emergency; building design; and the importance of communication.…

Kenney, Brian J.

2001-01-01

433

Central mechanisms of pathological pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic pain is a major challenge to clinical practice and basic science. The peripheral and central neural networks that mediate nociception show extensive plasticity in pathological disease states. Disease-induced plasticity can occur at both structural and functional levels and is manifest as changes in individual molecules, synapses, cellular function and network activity. Recent work has yielded a better understanding of

Rohini Kuner

2010-01-01

434

Geothermal activities in Central America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Agency for International Development is funding a new program in energy and minerals for Central America. Geothermal energy is an important component. A country-wide geothermal assessment has started in Honduras, and other assessment activities are in progress or planned for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama. Instrumentation for well logging has been provided to Costa Rica, and a

J. T. Whetten; R. J. Hanold

1985-01-01

435

Geothermal initiatives in Central America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Agency for International Development is supporting a new project in energy and resources exploitation for Central America. One of the largest components of the project involves exploration and reservoir development investigations directed at enhancing the production of electricity from the region's geothermal resources. An assessment of the geothermal resources of Honduras is in progress, and interesting geothermal regions

R. J. Hanold; V. W. Loose; A. W. Laughlin; P. E. Wade

1986-01-01

436

Central Neuroplasticity and Pathological Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional specificity theory of pain perception holds that pain involves a direct transmission system from somatic receptors to the brain. The amount of pain perceived, moreover, is assumed to be directly proportional to the extent of injury. Recent research, however, indicates far more complex mechanisms. Clinical and experimental evidence shows that noxious stimuli may sensitize central neural structures involved

Ronald Melzack; Terence J. Coderre; Joel Katz; Anthony L. Vaccarino

2006-01-01

437

The CMS central hadron calorimeter  

SciTech Connect

The CMS central hadron calorimeter is a copper absorber/ scintillator sampling structure. We describe design choices that led us to this concept, details of the mechanical and optical structure, and test beam results. We discuss calibration techniques, and finally the anticipated construction schedule.

Freeman, J.; E892 Collaboration

1996-12-31

438

GLOBUS-M Central Solenoid.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The central solenoid (CS) is identified as a critical component of GLOBUS-M spherical tokamak. The CS coil is located between the 108 mm diameter toroidal field coil inner legs bundle and the 218 mm diameter bore of the vacuum vessel. A space restriction ...

A. A. Kavin A. G. Panin K. A. Podushnikova N. V. Sakharov S. A. Grigor'ev V. A. Bykov V. A. Divavin V. A. Korotkov V. F. Soikin V. I. Nikolaev V. K. Gusev V. V. Shpeizman Y. K. M. Peng

2012-01-01

439

Geology of offshore central California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The offshore central California margin records Mesozoic and Cenozoic events attributable to continental and oceanic plate interactions. Terranes, some carried thousands of kilometers northward on the Kula and\\/or Farallon plates, were accreted to North America by late Eocene. Following accretion to North America, terranes along the margin were silvered and redistributed by strike-slip motion along the San Andreas and related

D. S. McCulloch; S. D. Lewis

1988-01-01

440

Today's central receiver power plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For 15 years, the United States Department of Energy has worked with industry, both utilities and manufacturers, to develop the technology of solar central receiver power plants. In this type of plant, sunlight is concentrated by a field of sun-tracking mirrors, called heliostats, onto a centrally located receiver. The solar energy is collected in the form of a heated fluid, which is used to generate steam to power a conventional turbine generator. For a number of reasons, molten nitrate salt is now the preferred heat transfer fluid. Commercial plants will be sized between 100 and 200 MW. The impetus for developing central receivers comes from their unique advantages: (1) they produce clean, reliable, low-cost electricity; (2) they have practical energy storage that provides a high degree of dispatchability (annually up to 60 percent) - without fossil fuels; and (3) they are environmentally benign. Development efforts around the world have brought the technology to the brink of commercialization: The technical feasibility has been proven, and cost, performance, and reliability can be confidently predicted. Plans are currently being developed for the final steps toward commercial central receiver power plants.

Alpert, D. J.; Kolb, G. J.; Chavez, J. M.

1991-04-01

441

An IP Central Office Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary goal of this work is to design an IP based voice, video, and data communication infrastructure that will eventually replace, and far surpass, the a bilities of the existing TDM based local switching infrastructure; that i s, local, and PBX switches. The ce ntral point of this new infrastructure is an IP technology based central office (IPCO) that

Michael S. Borella; Ikhlaq Sidhu; Guido M. Schuster; David Grabelsky; Jerry Mahler; Jacek Grabiec; Thomas J. Kostas

442

Measures of Central Tendency Rap  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video on basic statistics provides a short rap to help students remember the meaning of range, and the measures of central tendency, namely, mean, median, and mode. Each word is given in a short rhyme that includes how to calculate the value.

Devoto, Paul

2010-11-20

443

Central New York's New Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conducted in late 2008 in partnership with the Greater Syracuse Chamber of Commerce and the Mohawk Valley Chamber of Commerce, this is the largest survey ever taken of Central New York businesses regarding the English language skills of the area workforce. The online survey was emailed to several hundred local businesses; 126 responses were…

Center for an Urban Future, 2009

2009-01-01

444

Central lactate metabolism regulates food intake.  

PubMed

The central nervous system regulates food intake (FI) and body weight (BW), but the associated mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here we report that central injections of lactate reduced FI and BW in rodents. Inhibition of central lactate metabolism to pyruvate with the lactate dehydrogenase inhibitor oxamate abolished the central effects of lactate on FI and BW. Conversely, central injections of pyruvate recapitulated the effects of lactate. Finally, inhibition of central lactate metabolism prevented the ability of circulating lactate to lower FI and BW. Together, the data indicate that activation of central lactate metabolism lowers FI and BW. PMID:18577696

Lam, Carol K L; Chari, Madhu; Wang, Penny Y T; Lam, Tony K T

2008-08-01

445

Central American geologic map project  

SciTech Connect

During the Northeast Quadrant Panel meeting of the Circum-Pacific Map Project held in Mexico City, February 1985, Central American panel members proposed and adopted plans for compiling a geologic map of Central America, probably at a scale of 1:500,000. A local group with participants from each country was organized and coordinated by Rolando Castillo, director, Central American School of Geology, University of Costa Rica, for the geologic aspects, and Fernando Rudin, director, Geographic Institute of Costa Rica, for the topographic base. In 1956, the US Geological Survey published a geologic map of the region at a scale of 1:1 million. Subsequent topographic and geologic mapping projects have provided a large amount of new data. The entire area is now covered by topographic maps at a scale of 1:50,000, and these maps have been used in several countries as a base for geologic mapping. Another regional map, the Metallogenic Map of Central America (scale = 1:2 million), was published in 1969 by the Central American Research Institute for Industry (ICAITI) with a generalized but updated geologic base map. Between 1969 and 1980, maps for each country were published by local institutions: Guatemala-Belize at 1:500,000, Honduras at 1:500,000, El Salvador at 1:100,000, Nicaragua at 1:1 million, Costa Rica at 1:200,000, and Panama at 1:1 million. This information, in addition to that of newly mapped areas, served as the base for the Central American part of the Geologic-Tectonic Map of the Caribbean Region (scale = 1:2.5 million), published by the US Geological Survey in 1980, and also fro the Northeast Quadrant Maps of the Circum-Pacific Region. The new project also involves bathymetric and geologic mapping of the Pacific and Caribbean margins of the Central American Isthmus. A substantial amount of new information of the Middle America Trench has been acquired through DSDP Legs 67 and 84.

Dengo, G.

1986-07-01

446

Williamstown Observatory and the Development of Professional Astronomy in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the early 1850s the colony of Victoria was enjoying a succession of gold rushes, and as the population of the fledgling settlement of Melbourne rapidly grew, an urgent need arose for an accurate local time service. Thus, Williamstown Observatory was founded at the port of Williamstown in 1853. Under the dynamic direction of Robert Ellery, the Williamstown Observatory quickly added meteorological and tidal observations, geodetic surveying and non-meridian astronomical observations to its portfolio, and by the time it closed in 1863 it had already played a key role in the early development of professional astronomy in Australia. Ellery went on to direct Melbourne Observatory_Williamstown's successor_and in the process build an international reputation in astronomy, meteorology and scientific entrepeneurship. In this paper we will discuss the founding and chequered history of the Williamstown Observatory, its scientific instruments and the ways in which they were used to contribute to Australian and international astronomy.

Andropoulos, Jenny; Orchiston, W.; Clark, B.

2011-01-01

447

A centralized audio presentation manager  

SciTech Connect

The centralized audio presentation manager addresses the problems which occur when multiple programs running simultaneously attempt to use the audio output of a computer system. Time dependence of sound means that certain auditory messages must be scheduled simultaneously, which can lead to perceptual problems due to psychoacoustic phenomena. Furthermore, the combination of speech and nonspeech audio is examined; each presents its own problems of perceptibility in an acoustic environment composed of multiple auditory streams. The centralized audio presentation manager receives abstract parameterized message requests from the currently running programs, and attempts to create and present a sonic representation in the most perceptible manner through the use of a theoretically and empirically designed rule set.

Papp, A.L. III; Blattner, M.M.

1994-05-16

448

A Randomized Central Limit Theorem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Central Limit Theorem (CLT), one of the most elemental pillars of Probability Theory and Statistical Physics, asserts that: the universal probability law of large aggregates of independent and identically distributed random summands with zero mean and finite variance, scaled by the square root of the aggregate-size (?{n}), is Gaussian. The scaling scheme of the CLT is deterministic and uniform - scaling all aggregate-summands by the common and deterministic factor ?{n}. This Letter considers scaling schemes which are stochastic and non-uniform, and presents a "Randomized Central Limit Theorem" (RCLT): we establish a class of random scaling schemes which yields universal probability laws of large aggregates of independent and identically distributed random summands. The RCLT universal probability laws, in turn, are the one-sided and the symmetric Lévy laws.

Eliazar, Iddo; Klafter, Joseph

2010-05-01

449

The Central Valley Hydrologic Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historically, California’s Central Valley has been one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world. The Central Valley also is rapidly becoming an important area for California’s expanding urban population. In response to this competition for water, a number of water-related issues have gained prominence: conjunctive use, artificial recharge, hydrologic implications of land-use change, subsidence, and effects of climate variability. To provide information to stakeholders addressing these issues, the USGS made a detailed assessment of the Central Valley aquifer system that includes the present status of water resources and how these resources have changed over time. The principal product of this assessment is a tool, referred to as the Central Valley Hydrologic Model (CVHM), that simulates surface-water flows, groundwater flows, and land subsidence in response to stresses from human uses and from climate variability throughout the entire Central Valley. The CVHM utilizes MODFLOW combined with a new tool called “Farm Process” to simulate groundwater and surface-water flow, irrigated agriculture, land subsidence, and other key processes in the Central Valley on a monthly basis. This model was discretized horizontally into 20,000 1-mi2 cells and vertically into 10 layers ranging in thickness from 50 feet at the land surface to 750 feet at depth. A texture model constructed by using data from more than 8,500 drillers’ logs was used to estimate hydraulic properties. Unmetered pumpage and surface-water deliveries for 21 water-balance regions were simulated with the Farm Process. Model results indicate that human activities, predominately surface-water deliveries and groundwater pumping for irrigated agriculture, have dramatically influenced the hydrology of the Central Valley. These human activities have increased flow though the aquifer system by about a factor of six compared to pre-development conditions. The simulated hydrology reflects spatial and temporal variability in climate, land-use changes, and available surface-water deliveries. For example, the droughts of 1976-77 and 1987-92 led to reduced streamflow and surface-water deliveries and increased evapotranspiration and groundwater pumpage throughout most of the valley, resulting in a decrease in groundwater storage. Since the mid-1990s, annual surface-water deliveries generally have exceeded groundwater pumpage, resulting in an increase or no change in groundwater storage throughout most of the valley. However, groundwater is still being removed from storage during most years in the southern part of the Central Valley. The CVHM is designed to be coupled with Global Climate Models to forecast the potential supply of surface-water deliveries, demand for groundwater pumpage, potential subsidence, and changes in groundwater storage in response to different climate-change scenarios. The detailed database on texture properties coupled with CVHM's ability to simulate the combined effects of recharge and discharge make CVHM particularly useful for assessing water-management plans, such as conjunctive water use, conservation of agriculture land, and land-use change. In the future, the CVHM could be used in conjunction with optimization models to help evaluate water-management alternatives to effectively utilize the available water resources.

Faunt, C.; Belitz, K.; Hanson, R. T.

2009-12-01

450

Anthropoecological investigations in Central Asia.  

PubMed

The results of anthropoecological investigations in Central Asia are described. From 1976 to 1991 about 6,000 individuals of both sexes were examined. 2,500 of them were children from 7 to 17 years. The program included the study of body build, metabolic rates, genetic markers and demographic structures. Different groups of Tuvins, Khakass, Mountain and Abakan Shortsys, Altai-kijis, Telengits, Teleuts, Kazakhs, and several groups of Mongols and Khotons were studied. It was shown that some patterns of body build and physiological traits of native populations of Central Asia partly reflect the influence of the geographical environment. The differences observed between various populations of the region may be explained by ecological reasons and not only by ethnic differentiation. PMID:16079568

Alexeeva, Tatyana I

2005-07-01

451

Central configurations in three dimensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the equilibria of point particles under the action of two body\\u000acentral forces in which there are both repulsive and attractive interactions,\\u000aoften known as central configurations, with diverse applications in physics, in\\u000aparticular as homothetic time-dependent solutions to Newton's equations of\\u000amotion and as stationary states in the One Component Plasma model.\\u000aConcentrating mainly on the case

Richard A. Battye; Gary W. Gibbons; Paul M. Sutcliffe

2003-01-01

452

Primary central nervous system lymphomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is widely regarded as one of the primary brain tumors most amenable to treatment.\\u000a Although whole brain radiotherapy was the cornerstone of therapy for decades, recent work clearly indicates that chemotherapy\\u000a has become the primary focus of treatment for this disease. The initial treatment of PCNSL for all patients, including the\\u000a elderly, should

Lisa M. DeAngelis

2001-01-01

453

Central Asia Active Fault Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ongoing collision of the Indian subcontinent with Asia controls active tectonics and seismicity in Central Asia. This motion is accommodated by faults that have historically caused devastating earthquakes and continue to pose serious threats to the population at risk. Despite international and regional efforts to assess seismic hazards in Central Asia, little attention has been given to development of a comprehensive database for active faults in the region. To address this issue and to better understand the distribution and level of seismic hazard in Central Asia, we are developing a publically available database for active faults of Central Asia (including but not limited to Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, northern Pakistan and western China) using ArcGIS. The database is designed to allow users to store, map and query important fault parameters such as fault location, displacement history, rate of movement, and other data relevant to seismic hazard studies including fault trench locations, geochronology constraints, and seismic studies. Data sources integrated into the database include previously published maps and scientific investigations as well as strain rate measurements and historic and recent seismicity. In addition, high resolution Quickbird, Spot, and Aster imagery are used for selected features to locate and measure offset of landforms associated with Quaternary faulting. These features are individually digitized and linked to attribute tables that provide a description for each feature. Preliminary observations include inconsistent and sometimes inaccurate information for faults documented in different studies. For example, the Darvaz-Karakul fault which roughly defines the western margin of the Pamir, has been mapped with differences in location of up to 12 kilometers. The sense of motion for this fault ranges from unknown to thrust and strike-slip in three different studies despite documented left-lateral displacements of Holocene and late Pleistocene landforms observed near the fault trace.

Mohadjer, Solmaz; Ehlers, Todd A.; Kakar, Najibullah

2014-05-01

454

Central dazzle. A thalamic syndrome?  

PubMed

A patient who experienced painless intolerance to light (dazzle) three months after a right posterior cerebral artery occlusion was shown by computerized tomography to have right occipital and right thalamic infarctions. His symptoms improved with amitriptyline hydrochloride and perphenazine therapy. The sensitivity to light, delayed onset, response to therapy, and presence of a thalamic lesion are analogous to the thalamic pain syndrome and suggest that central dazzle is a variant of the thalamic syndrome. PMID:7236068

Cummings, J L; Gittinger, J W

1981-06-01

455

Central collisions of heavy ions  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the activities of the Heavy Ion Physics Group at the University of California, Riverside from October 1, 1991 to September 30, 1992. During this period, the program focused on particle production at AGS energies, and correlation studies at the Bevalac in nucleus-nucleus central collisions. As part of the PHENIX collaboration, contributions were made to the Preliminary Conceptual Design Report (pCDR), and work on a RHIC silicon microstrip detector R D project was performed.

Fung, Sun-yiu.

1992-10-01

456

Central Cascadia subduction zone creep  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cascadia between 43°N and 46°N has reduced interseismic uplift observed in geodetic data and coseismic subsidence seen in multiple thrust earthquakes, suggesting elevated persistent fault creep in this section of the subduction zone. We estimate subduction thrust "decade-scale" locking and crustal block rotations from three-component continuous Global Positioning System (GPS) time series from 1997 to 2013, as well as 80 year tide gauge and leveling-derived uplift rates. Geodetic observations indicate coastal central Oregon is rising at a slower rate than coastal Washington, southern Oregon and northern California. Modeled locking distributions suggest a wide locking transition zone that extends inland under central Oregon. Paleoseismic records of multiple great earthquakes along Cascadia indicate less subsidence in central Oregon. The Cascade thrust under central Oregon may be partially creeping for at least 6500 years (the length of the paleoseismic record) reducing interseismic uplift and resulting in reduced coseismic subsidence. Large accretions of Eocene age basalt (Siletzia terrane) between 43°N and 46°N may be less permeable compared to surrounding terranes, potentially increasing pore fluid pressures along the fault interface resulting in a wide zone of persistent fault creep. In a separate inversion, three-component GPS time series from 1 July 2005 to 1 January 2011 are used to estimate upper plate deformation, locking between slow-slip events (SSEs), slip from 16 SSEs and an earthquake mechanism. Cumulative SSEs and tectonic tremor are weakest between 43°N and 46°N where partial fault creep is increased and Siletzia terrane is thick, suggesting that surrounding rock properties may influence the mode of slip.

Schmalzle, Gina M.; McCaffrey, Robert; Creager, Kenneth C.

2014-04-01

457

Central Tendency: Mean, Mode, Median  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning unit from Regents Exam Prep Center will help students learning to calculate mean, mode and median. The unit includes a lesson plan, practice examples, a teacher's guide and a worksheet. The term "measures of central tendency" is explained as finding the mean, median and mode of a set of data. The example of a set of test scores is used to demonstrate finding these measures. Links are also included which explain how to find these measurements using a graphing calculator.

2012-01-01

458

Primary central nervous system lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  There is no class I evidence for any therapeutic option in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). When possible,\\u000a patients should be included in clinical trials. The role of surgery is restricted to stereotactic biopsy in order to gain\\u000a material for histopathologic diagnosis. Radiotherapy alone is associated with a median survival of no more than 1.5 years;\\u000a cure is

Hendrik Pels; Uwe Schlegel

2006-01-01

459

Genetic, Common Environment, and Individual Specific Components of Variance for Bone Mineral Density in 10- to 26Yearold Females: A Twin Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lean mass and areal bone mineral density at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total forearm were measured in 215 volunteer female twin pairs (122 monozygotic, 93 dizygotic), aged 10-26 years, using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The study was conducted in Melbourne from 1990 to1994. Under the classic twin model, there was evidence for a genetic component of variation in

John L. Hopper; Robyn M. Green; Carol A. Nowson; Doris Young; A. Jane Sherwin; Bahtiyar Kaymakci; Richard G. Larkins; John D. Wark

460

Measles outbreak among young adults in Victoria.  

PubMed

An outbreak of laboratory confirmed measles involving 30 young adults and an infant is reported. Of the young adult cases, 17 (57%) were hospitalised. After a trip to India, the primary case returned to Sydney early in January 2001 and then visited Melbourne infecting several individuals. Secondary spread appears to have occurred at a nightclub. On the basis of RNA typing the measles strain involved is of genotype 'D'. PMID:11280193

Andrews, R

2001-01-01

461

Supporting Education PhD and DEd Students to Become Confident Academic Writers: an Evaluation of Thesis Writers’ Circles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically evaluates the pilot of a Thesis Writers’ Circles program offered to Education PhD and DEd students at the University of Melbourne in semester 2, 2005. The analysis focuses on the needs of those students that were felt to be well-met by this model of support. Broadly, the paper identifies two distinct but inter-related themes: firstly, the challenge

Wendy Larcombe; Anthony McCosker; K. OLoughlin

2007-01-01

462

KSC-04PD-1255  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Lt. Keith Abell (left) hands equipment to KSC Firefighter Chris Maupin for storage. They and other KSC firefighters teamed up with task forces from Satellite Beach, Malabar, Melbourne, Palm Bay, Patrick Air Force Base and Brevard County to help fight wildfires in the Palm Bay and Malabar areas that threatened homes and property during the Memorial Day holiday weekend.

2004-01-01

463

KSC-04PD-1252  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, KSC Firefighter Chris Maupin puts away a piece of equipment. He and other KSC firefighters teamed up with task forces from Satellite Beach, Malabar, Melbourne, Palm Bay, Patrick Air Force Base and Brevard County to help fight wildfires in the Palm Bay and Malabar areas that threatened homes and property during the Memorial Day holiday weekend.

2004-01-01

464

KSC-04PD-1253  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, KSC Firefighter Chris Maupin (left) takes equipment from Lt. Keith Abell. They and other KSC firefighters teamed up with task forces from Satellite Beach, Malabar, Melbourne, Palm Bay, Patrick Air Force Base and Brevard County to help fight wildfires in the Palm Bay and Malabar areas that threatened homes and property during the Memorial Day holiday weekend.

2004-01-01

465

Behavior of the ionosphere and thermosphere at a southern midlatitude station during magnetic storms in early March 1995  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the first six days of March 1995, measurements of the ionospheric electron density were made near Melbourne, Australia, with a digisonde and thermospheric winds, tem- peratures, and 6300-A emission rates were measured with a Fabry-Perot interferometer. The ionograms wre inverted to obtain electron density profiles and peak heights of the F2 layer (hmF2). This paper compares modeled and measured

P. G. Richards; P. L. Dyson; T. P. Davies; M. L. Parkinson; A. J. Reeves

1998-01-01

466

Paracetamol use in early life and asthma: prospective birth cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine if use of paracetamol in early life is an independent risk factor for childhood asthma.Design Prospective birth cohort study.Setting Melbourne Atopy Cohort Study.Participants 620 children with a family history of allergic disease, with paracetamol use prospectively documented on 18 occasions from birth to 2 years of age, followed until age 7 years.Main outcome measures The primary outcome

Adrian J Lowe; John B Carlin; Catherine M Bennett; Clifford S Hosking; Katrina J Allen; Colin F Robertson; Christine Axelrad; Michael J Abramson; David J Hill; Shyamali C Dharmage

2010-01-01

467

Hepatitis C virus treatment for prevention among people who inject drugs: Modeling treatment scale-up in the age of direct-acting antivirals  

PubMed Central

Substantial reductions in hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWID) cannot be achieved by harm reduction interventions such as needle exchange and opiate substitution therapy (OST) alone. Current HCV treatment is arduous and uptake is low, but new highly effective and tolerable interferon-free direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatments could facilitate increased uptake. We projected the potential impact of DAA treatments on PWID HCV prevalence in three settings. A dynamic HCV transmission model was parameterized to three chronic HCV prevalence settings: Edinburgh, UK (25%); Melbourne, Australia (50%); and Vancouver, Canada (65%). Using realistic scenarios of future DAAs (90% sustained viral response, 12 weeks duration, available 2015), we projected the treatment rates required to reduce chronic HCV prevalence by half or three-quarters within 15 years. Current HCV treatment rates may have a minimal impact on prevalence in Melbourne and Vancouver (<2% relative reductions) but could reduce prevalence by 26% in 15 years in Edinburgh. Prevalence could halve within 15 years with treatment scale-up to 15, 40, or 76 per 1,000 PWID annually in Edinburgh, Melbourne, or Vancouver, respectively (2-, 13-, and 15-fold increases, respectively). Scale-up to 22, 54, or 98 per 1,000 PWID annually could reduce prevalence by three-quarters within 15 years. Less impact occurs with delayed scale-up, higher baseline prevalence, or shorter average injecting duration. Results are insensitive to risk heterogeneity or restricting treatment to PWID on OST. At existing HCV drug costs, halving chronic prevalence would require annual treatment budgets of US $3.2 million in Edinburgh and approximately $50 million in Melbourne and Vancouver. Conclusion: Interferon-free DAAs could enable increased HCV treatment uptake among PWID, which could have a major preventative impact. However, treatment costs may limit scale-up, and should be addressed. (Hepatology 2013;58:1598–1609)

Martin, Natasha K; Vickerman, Peter; Grebely, Jason; Hellard, Margaret; Hutchinson, Sharon J; Lima, Viviane D; Foster, Graham R; Dillon, John F; Goldberg, David J; Dore, Gregory J; Hickman, Matthew

2013-01-01

468

The mental health Risk Assessment and Management Process (RAMP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Risk Assessment and Management ,Process (RAMP) is a whole-school process for the assessment,and management ,of student’s mental ,health and ,wellbeing ,in primary ,and secondary schools. A process,evaluation revealed that RAMP was implemented,as intended across six primary and three secondary schools in Melbourne, Australia. Using the RAMP risk and protective factors monitoring form and screening processes, each school identified

Alison L. Shortt; Susan Fealy; John W. Toumbourou

469

Dr. R. J. McKinlay Gardner Interviewed by Dr. Hon Fong L. Mark.  

PubMed

Dr. Mac Gardner graduated in medicine from the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand in 1968. After hospital residencies he undertook training in clinical genetics in New Zealand, and then the U.K., France and Canada. He returned to New Zealand as a specialist in genetics in 1977, but for the past 14 years he has been a consultant in medical genetics with Genetic Health Services Victoria in Melbourne, Australia. PMID:18322351

Mark, Hon Fong L

2008-01-01

470

Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anzac Remembered: Selected Writings of K.S. Inglis. Edited by John Lack. History Department, University of Melbourne, 1998. Pp. v + 269. $20.00 (plus postage) paper.Anzacs, the Media, and the Great War. By John F. Williams. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, 1999. Pp. x + 302. $35.00 paper.Sacred Places: War Memorials in the Australian Landscape. By Ken Inglis assisted

Alistair Thomson; Judith Smart; Paula Hamilton; Ian Saunders; William J. Lines; Diane Menghetti; Peter Love; Anthony J. Barker; Diane Kirkby; Richard Broome; Ann McGrath; Dawn May; Pam Maclean; Joy Hooton; Jeanette Hoorn

1999-01-01

471

Sulfide smelting using Ausmelt technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past decade, Ausmelt has been developing the top submerged lancing process for the smelting of sulfidic ores to recover such metals as copper, lead, silver, tin, antimony, and nickel as well as for separation of minor elements such as arsenic, antimony, and bismuth. Development has taken place in Ausmelt's pilot plant in Dandenong, near Melbourne, Australia. A number of projects have proceeded to commercial-scale operation. This paper reviews developments at both the pilot and commercial scales.

Mounsey, Edward N.; Robilliard, Ken R.

1994-08-01

472

Urban greywater reuse at the D'LUX Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Inkerman D'LUX Development (formerly Inkerman Oasis Development) comprises 236 new apartments in Inkerman Street, St Kilda (Melbourne). Occupancy of the first apartments occurred in mid-2003. The development includes a novel water recycling scheme based on supply of treated greywater to toilets and a below-ground garden irrigation system. Stormwater from the site is also treated and recycled for these purposes.

Murray Goddard

2006-01-01

473

Mid-IR Spectroscopy of the Jovian Stratosphere perturbed by comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 Impact  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective was to obtain spectra from 5 to 14 micron before, during, and after the impacts. We were awarded 2 flights of the KAO which was based in Melbourne, Australia for the events. Impacts R and W were covered, and the observations were completely successful. A paper reporting the observation of water vapor is in press, and other work is in progress as limited funding permits. The text of this report is adapted from that of the Icarus paper.

Hunten, Don M.; Sprague, A. L.; Bjoraker, G. L.; Witteborn, F. C.; Kozlowski, R. W. H.; Wooden, D. H.

1996-01-01

474

Oscar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The true story of Oscar, an Arctic husky who had been a sledge dog in Antarctica, is told for readers aged 10 to 12 years. The author, Oscar's long-time master, visits Oscar at the Melbourne zoo as the story begins. He recounts some of his memories of Oscar, including a number of expeditions, and Oscar's fight to remain "king dog" of the sledge…

Lied, Nils

475

Efficacy of standardised manual therapy and home exercise programme for chronic rotator cuff disease: randomised placebo controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate the efficacy of a programme of manual therapy and exercise treatment compared with placebo treatment delivered by physiotherapists for people with chronic rotator cuff disease.Design Randomised, participant and single assessor blinded, placebo controlled trial.Setting Metropolitan region of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.Participants 120 participants with chronic (>3 months) rotator cuff disease recruited through medical practitioners and from the community.Interventions

Kim Bennell; Elin Wee; Sally Coburn; Sally Green; Anthony Harris; Margaret Staples; Andrew Forbes; Rachelle Buchbinder

2010-01-01

476

Propeller tip and hub vortex dynamics in the interaction with a rudder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper, the interaction mechanisms of the vortices shed by a single-screw propeller with a rudder installed\\u000a in its wake are addressed; in particular, following the works by Felli et al. (Exp Fluids 6(1):1–11, 2006a, Exp Fluids 46(1):147–1641, 2009a, Proceedings of the 8th international symposium on particle image velocimetry: Piv09, Melbourne, 2009b), the attention is focused on the

Mario FelliMassimo Falchi; Massimo Falchi

477

David Berrigan's biography  

Cancer.gov

David Berrigan, PhD, MPH, has been a Biologist in the Office of the Associate Director of the Applied Research Program since 2003. He previously served as a Cancer Prevention Fellow with funding from the Division of Cancer Prevention from 1999-2003. Before coming to NCI, he was a postdoctoral fellow and lecturer at the University of Washington and at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, with funding from the National Science Foundation and the USDA.

478

A field microcosm method to determine the impact of sediments and soils contaminated by road runoff on indigenous aquatic macroinvertebrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field-based microcosm method was used to determine whether sediments and soils that receive road runoff are toxic to indigenous\\u000a aquatic macroinvertebrates present in the Greater Melbourne Area (GMA), Australia. Sediments and soils collected from areas\\u000a draining three major highways were placed in 20 L microcosms along the littoral zone of a non-polluted wetland. Aquatic insects\\u000a that emerge from the

V Pettigrove; S Marshall; B Ryan; A Hoffmann

479

Neighbourhood socioeconomic inequalities in food access and affordability. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

This study investigated whether the availability and accessibility of supermarkets and fruit and vegetable stores, and the availability, variety and price of foods within these stores, varied across areas of different levels of socioeconomic disadvantage in Melbourne, Australia. Data on food store locations, and food variety and price within stores were obtained through objective audits of 45 neighbourhoods of varying socioeconomic disadvantage. Geographical accessibility of healthy food stores was mostly better amongst those living in more advantaged neighbourhoods.

480

New findings from non-linear longitudinal modelling of menopausal hormone changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in FSH and estradiol (E2) across the menopausal transition are clearly not linear. The present study utilizes data from 204 women who completed the 13-year prospective Melbourne Women's Midlife Health Project. E2, FSH, symptoms, self-rated health, mood, sexual function and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk were measured longitudin- ally. We presumed an s-shaped curve for each hormone and estimated

Lorraine Dennerstein; Philippe Lehert; Henry G. Burger; Janet R. Guthrie

2007-01-01

481

Effects of a high monounsaturated fat, tomato-rich diet on serum levels of lycopene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To compare the effect of a modified fat, monounsaturated-fat-enriched diet and a high-carbohydrate low-fat diet with high lycopene content on the serum concentration of lycopene and other carotenoids.Design: A randomised crossover dietary intervention study.Setting:Melbourne, Australia — Healthy free-living men.Subjects: A total of 13 healthy males between the age of 20 and 70 y, recruited via advertisements in newspapers and

K D K Ahuja; E L Ashton; M J Ball

2003-01-01

482

Allergic contact dermatitis to indium in jewellery: diagnosis made possible through the use of the Contact Allergen Bank Australia.  

PubMed

We report a case of a 39-year-old woman from Adelaide who developed allergic contact dermatitis to the rare allergen indium in her ring. The allergen was sourced for patch testing using the Contact Allergen Bank Australia (CABA), based at the Skin and Cancer Foundation in Melbourne, and posted to Adelaide. This case illustrates the usefulness of CABA in facilitating patch testing throughout Australia, especially when rare allergens are involved. PMID:23528040

Gamboni, Sarah E; Simmons, Ivan; Palmer, Amanda; Nixon, Rosemary L

2013-05-01

483

“It is Good to Know Now…Before it’s Too Late”: Promoting Sexual Health Literacy Amongst Resettled Young People With Refugee Backgrounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about access to sexual health information amongst young people with refugee backgrounds living in countries\\u000a of resettlement. This paper reports on a study of sexual health amongst recently arrived young people from refugee backgrounds\\u000a in Melbourne, Australia. The study employed qualitative research methods to explore and describe how resettled youth access,\\u000a interpret and implement sexual health information.

Celia McMichael; Sandra Gifford

2009-01-01

484

Effect of clinician designation on emergency department fast track performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo examine the effect of clinician designation on emergency department (ED) fast track performance.Design and SettingA retrospective audit of patients managed in the fast track area of an ED in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia.ParticipantsPatients triaged to ED fast track from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2008 (n=8714).Main Outcome MeasuresWaiting times in relation to Australasian triage scale (ATS) recommendations and ED

Julie Considine; Matthew Kropman; Helen E Stergiou

2010-01-01

485

A significant inverse relationship between concentrations of plasma homocysteine and phospholipid docosahexaenoic acid in healthy male subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of a relationship between plasma homocysteine (Hcy) and phospholipid\\u000a FA (PUFA) in healthy Australian males. One hundred thirty six healthy male subjects aged 20–55 yr were recruited from the\\u000a Melbourne metropolitan area. Each volunteer completed a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire and gave a blood sample.\\u000a Plasma Hcy concentrations were determined

Duo Li; Neil J. Mann; Andrew J. Sinclair

2006-01-01

486

Characterising insect diversity on Australia’s remnant native grasslands: ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and beetles (Coleoptera) at Craigieburn Grasslands Reserve, Victoria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ants and beetles sampled by pitfall trapping on a large grassland remnant near Melbourne, Victoria, are enumerated and discussed.\\u000a Species richness of both groups differed little between grassy flat areas and more rocky knolls, or between early and late\\u000a summer. Seasonal differences in abundance were found in both taxa: beetles were more abundant in early summer, and ants more\\u000a abundant

L. A. Gibson; T. R. New

2007-01-01

487

Modeling delta18O in tropical precipitation and the surface ocean for present-day climate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Melbourne University atmospheric general circulation model with stable water isotope tracers is used to examine the variability of isotopic ratios of precipitation and the surface ocean in the tropics for present-day (1950-1999) climate. Surface ocean isotopic ratios are simulated interactively using a one-dimensional scheme that reproduces key features of the observed tropical isotopic spatial distribution and seasonal and interannual

J. Brown; I. Simmonds; D. Noone

2006-01-01

488

Modeling ?18O in tropical precipitation and the surface ocean for present-day climate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Melbourne University atmospheric general circulation model with stable water isotope tracers is used to examine the variability of isotopic ratios of precipitation and the surface ocean in the tropics for present-day (1950–1999) climate. Surface ocean isotopic ratios are simulated interactively using a one-dimensional scheme that reproduces key features of the observed tropical isotopic spatial distribution and seasonal and interannual

J. Brown; I. Simmonds; D. Noone

2006-01-01

489

Functional and spatial differentiation of urban bird assemblages at the landscape scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the diversity and distribution of diurnal birds in a large city in south-eastern Australia. Approximately 220,000 bird records were extracted from the Atlas of Australian Birds project (1998–2002) for Melbourne, and filtered on the basis of representativeness in surveys. The filtered data for 142 species were subjected to cluster analysis to recognise assemblages, and ordination and guild analysis

L. E. Conole; J. B. Kirkpatrick

2011-01-01

490

Digital technology, diabetes and culturally and linguistically diverse communities: A case study with elderly women from the Vietnamese community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To report the processes and outcomes of a case study on digital technology, diabetes and culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities.Design: The qualitative study was based on a literature review, consultations and testing of a framework through workshops and an interactive information session.Setting: Consultations, workshops and an information session conducted in western regions of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.Method: A framework

Ben O’Mara; Gurjeet K Gill; Hurriyet Babacan; Daniel Donahoo

2012-01-01

491

Evaluation of the 29-km Eta Model. Part I: Objective Verification at Three Selected Stations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A subjective evaluation of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction 29-km (meso-) eta model during the 1996 warm (May-August) and cool (October-January) seasons is described. The overall evaluation assessed the utility of the model for operational weather forecasting by the U.S. Air Force 45th Weather Squadron, National Weather Service (NWS) Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG) and NWS Office in Melbourne, FL.

Manobianco, John; Nutter, Paul

1998-01-01

492

Retained common-duct stones after open cholecystectomy and duct exploration in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A retrospective study was performed of 250 patients with cholelithiasis treated at the Royal Children's Hospital, (RCH) Melbourne, over 25 years by open operation; 32 (12.8%) had proven choledocholithiasis on either preoperative imaging, operative cholangiography (OpCG), or postoperative investigation. A further 3 had underlying congenital biliary abnormalities and were excluded from further study. Thirty-one of the 32 were explored at

G. B. Farrow; P. A. Dewan; R. G. Taylor; K. B. Stokes; A. W. Auldist

2003-01-01

493

S-type powdery mildew on lilac in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2004, powdery mildew on lilac (Syringa vulgaris) was collected in a home garden in an inner suburb of Melbourne. At that time it could not be identified, but appeared to\\u000a be the only verifiable record of powdery mildew on lilac in Australia. A recombinant DNA internal transcribed spacer sequence\\u000a from a 2008 sample, collected from the same garden, revealed

J. H. CunningtonA; R. W. BrettA

2009-01-01

494

Cultural Experience Tourist Motives Dimensionality: A Cross-Cultural Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This empirical research of tourists' cultural experiences aims to advance theory by developing a measurement model of tourists' motives towards attending cultural experiences for samples of Western and Asian tourists visiting Melbourne, Australia. Drawing upon Iso-Ahola's (1989) seeking\\/avoiding dichotomy theory for tourist motivation dimensions, the hypothesized dimensions primarily included escape and seeking-related dimensions, and some hedonic dimensions because of their

Pandora L. Kay

2009-01-01

495

Great horned owls are released at CCAFS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A great horned owl flies to freedom after its release at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Complex 25/29. The owl is one of two found in June on the floor of CCAFS Hangar G, where their nest was located. They were treated at a local veterinary hospital and then taken to the Florida Wildlife Hospital in Melbourne for care and rehabilitation before release.

2000-01-01

496

Great horned owls are released at CCAFS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eileen Olejarski (left), manager of Florida Wildlife Hospital, and Susan Small, director of the hospital, get ready to release two great horned owls at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Complex 25/29. The owls were found in June on the floor of CCAFS Hangar G, where their nest was located. They were treated at a local veterinary hospital and then taken to the Florida Wildlife Hospital in Melbourne for care and rehabilitation before release.

2000-01-01

497

Great horned owls are released at CCAFS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eileen Olejarski (left), manager of Florida Wildlife Hospital, and Susan Small, director of the hospital, remove two great horned owls from the vehicle before releasing them at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Complex 25/29. The owls were found in June on the floor of CCAFS Hangar G, where their nest was located. They were treated at a local veterinary hospital and then taken to the Florida Wildlife Hospital in Melbourne for care and rehabilitation before release..

2000-01-01

498

Great horned owls are released at CCAFS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Susan Small, director of the Florida Wildlife Hospital, holds a great horned owl before releasing it at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Complex 25/29. The owl is one of two found in June on the floor of CCAFS Hangar G, where their nest was located. They were treated at a local veterinary hospital and then taken to the Florida Wildlife Hospital in Melbourne for care and rehabilitation before release.

2000-01-01

499

Great horned owls are released at CCAFS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eileen Olejarski (left), manager of Florida Wildlife Hospital, holds a great horned owl before releasing it at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Complex 25/29. The owl is one of two found in June on the floor of CCAFS Hangar G, where their nest was located. They were treated at a local veterinary hospital and then taken to the Florida Wildlife Hospital in Melbourne for care and rehabilitation before release.

2000-01-01

500

Higher order perturbation treatment of three-nucleon forces in the Faddeev equations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modification of the Faddeev equations including three-nucleon forces is presented in a perturbational approach for arbitrary orders in the three-nucleon force. We report our results for the triton bound state energy using the Reid-soft-core and Paris potential and the Tucson-Melbourne two-pion-exchange three-body force. Furthermore, we show that only a small number of the N² channel to channel contributions are

Boemelburg

1986-01-01