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1

Mental Health Education: Depression Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents facts about and suggestions for dealing with depression, an affective disorder which is estimated to afflict 15 percent of adults in any given year. Special emphasis is given to the growing trends of depression and suicide among adolescents. (CB)|

Ishisaka, Howard

1987-01-01

2

Quality of mental health care for depressed adolescents.  

PubMed

Understanding the quality of routine care for adolescent depression constitutes the initial step in designing and implementing improvement strategies. This study assessed depression detection and type and duration of services for adolescents in mental health care settings. Medical record diagnosis and standardized research interview results were compared for youth seeking mental health treatment. The majority of depressed adolescents received care consistent with guidelines and evidence. However, only 51% received appropriate medication; fewer than half received at least 8 sessions of outpatient care or follow-up after hospitalization. Males received significantly fewer components of quality care compared with females. Depression diagnoses in routine care may be facilitated by using structured interviews or questionnaires. Quality monitoring and improvement initiatives may also increase rates of care components that are consistent with guidelines and evidence. Methods tested in this study may facilitate the evaluation of quality improvement initiatives for adolescent depression or other mental health disorders. PMID:18216276

Kramer, Teresa L; Miller, Terri L; Phillips, Susan D; Robbins, James M

2008-01-23

3

Mental health literacy: an impediment to the optimum treatment of major depression in the community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Mental health literacy refers to the knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders which aid their recognition, management and prevention. This study examined the mental health literacy and experience of depression in a random and representative community population. Method: The experience of depression and mental health literacy of 3010 subjects from a random and representative population were determined on the

Robert D. Goldney; Laura J. Fisher; David H. Wilson

2001-01-01

4

Attitudes and beliefs about mental health among African American older adults suffering from depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depression among older adults is a major public health concern leading to increased disability and mortality. Less than 3% of older adults utilize professional mental health services for the treatment of depression, less than any other adult age group. And despite similar rates of depression, African Americans are significantly less likely to seek, engage and be retained in professional mental

Kyaien O. Conner; Brenda Lee; Vanessa Mayers; Deborah Robinson; Charles F. Reynolds III; Steve Albert; Charlotte Brown

2010-01-01

5

Impact of Mental Health Training on Village Health Workers Regarding Clinical Depression in Rural India.  

PubMed

Village health worker (VHW) programs are known to be effective means of promoting health of communities. Comprehensive rural health project in India recently trained VHWs to identify, refer, and help people with mental health issues. This study evaluated knowledge, attitude, and behavior of VHWs regarding depression. Cluster sampling was used including all 36 VHWs trained in mental health. Among these, 24 were available and willing to participate in the study. Five FGDs were conducted among 24 VHWs, and the results were analyzed qualitatively. Four out of five groups were able to diagnose the presented case correctly as depression. VHWs were able to identify many symptoms and to suggest management options for depression. They showed supportive and empathetic attitudes towards depressed patients. VHWs are likely to be useful at identifying and assisting people with depression in the communities with lack of adequate resources provided they receive ongoing training and supervision. PMID:23756724

Paudel, Shreedhar; Gilles, Nadege; Hahn, Sigrid; Hexom, Braden; Premkumar, Ramaswamy; Arole, Shobha; Katz, Craig

2013-06-12

6

Mental health in senior housing: Racial\\/ethnic patterns and correlates of major depressive disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Mental health problems are associated with disability, overuse of medical care, higher rates of mortality and suicide as well as personal suffering for older adults. Residents of urban, low-income senior housing may face increased risk of a variety of mental health problems, including depression. This study identified the prevalence of multiple mental health problems in older residents of low-income

Julie Robison; Jean J. Schensul; Emil Coman; Gretchen J. Diefenbach; Kim E. Radda; Sonia Gaztambide; William B. Disch

2009-01-01

7

Late-Life Depression and Mental Health Services in Primary Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health services in the treatment of late-life depression are critical in the primary care arena. A significant proportion of elderly patients experience depression, a problem causing a far-reaching impact on morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. A number of barriers may prevent effective depression treatment including negative physician and patient attitudes toward the stigma of depression, somatically focused clinical

Deborah Banazak Wagenaar; Maureen A. Mickus; Kris A. Gaumer; Christopher C. Colenda

2002-01-01

8

National Health Priority Areas Report, 1998--Mental Health: A Report Focusing on Depression, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents procedures for national mental health that involve many levels of government and draws advice from a range of professional organizations. Due to the enormous impact of depression on the social, human, economic, and public health costs to Australians and the Australian government, this initiative focuses efforts on dealing…

Australian Dept. of Health and Ageing, Canberra.

9

Improving engagement in mental health treatment for home meal recipients with depression  

PubMed Central

Background Staff who provide support services to older adults are in a unique position to detect depression and offer a referral for mental health treatment. Yet integrating mental health screening and recommendations into aging services requires staff learn new skills to integrate mental health and overcome client barriers to accepting mental health referrals. This paper describes client rates of depression and a novel engagement intervention (Open Door) for homebound older adults who are eligible for home delivered meals and screened for depression by in-home aging service programs. Methods Homebound older adults receiving meal service who endorsed depressive symptoms were interviewed to assess depression severity and rates of suicidal ideation. Open Door is a brief psychosocial intervention to improve engagement in mental health treatment by collaboratively addressing the individual level barriers to care. The intervention targets stigma, misconceptions about depression, and fears about treatment, and is designed to fit within the roles and responsibilities of aging service staff. Results Among 137 meal recipients who had symptoms when screened for depression as part of routine home meal service assessments, half (51%) had Major Depressive Disorder and 13% met criteria for minor depression on the SCID. Suicidal ideation was reported by 29% of the sample, with the highest rates of suicidal ideation (47%) among the subgroup of individuals with Major Depressive Disorder. Conclusion Individuals who endorse depressive symptoms during screening are likely to have clinically significant depression and need mental health treatment. The Open Door intervention offers a strategy to overcome barriers to mental health treatment engagement and to improve the odds of quality care for depression.

Sirey, Jo Anne; Greenfield, Alexandra; DePasquale, Alyssa; Weiss, Nathalie; Marino, Patricia; Alexopoulos, George S; Bruce, Martha L

2013-01-01

10

Depression and Barriers to Mental Health Care in Older Cancer Patients  

PubMed Central

Objective To review the literature on depression in cancer patients with a particular focus on depression assessment and barriers to mental health treatment in older cancer patients. Design We conducted a review of the literature on depression and barriers to mental health treatment in older cancer patients. Results Depression is prevalent in cancer patients. However, little is known about prevalence rates of depression in older adults with cancer, assessing depression in older cancer patients and barriers that impede proper mental health treatment in this sample. Conclusion Improved diagnostic clarity and a better understanding of barriers to mental health treatment can help clarify and facilitate mental health referrals and ultimately improve access to care among older cancer patients in need. Continuing to consider the complexities associated with diagnosing depression in older cancer patients is necessary. Further work may be needed to develop new diagnostic measures for such detection, determine the prevalence of depression among older cancer and ways in which to overcome barriers to mental health care.

Weinberger, Mark I.; Bruce, Martha L.; Roth, Andrew J.; Breitbart, William; Nelson, Christian J.

2011-01-01

11

Measuring melancholy: a critique of the Beck Depression Inventory and its use in mental health nursing.  

PubMed

The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is one of the most commonly used depression measurement instruments. Mental health nurses often utilize the BDI to assess the level of depression in clients, and to monitor the effectiveness of treatments such as antidepressants and electroconvulsive therapy. Despite the widespread use of the BDI in both clinical practice and research, there is surprisingly little nursing literature critically examining the BDI or its use by mental health nurses. This paper reviews the origins, purpose, and format of the BDI, discusses some of the strengths and limitations of the BDI, and concludes with some implications for mental health nursing. PMID:17348961

Hagen, Brad

2007-04-01

12

Mental Health Literacy of Those with Major Depression and Suicidal Ideation: An Impediment To Help Seeking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A vignette depicting classical features of major depression was presented to subjects along with questions related to mental health literacy. Responses of those with major depression were compared to those of a control group. Results demonstrated that despite increased professional contact by those with major depression and suicidal ideation,…

Goldney, Robert D.; Fisher, Laura J.; Wilson, David H.; Cheok, Frida

2002-01-01

13

Mental Health and Functional Outcomes of Maternal and Adolescent Reports of Adolescent Depressive Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To assess the value of maternal and self-ratings of adolescent depression by investigating the extent to which these reports predicted a range of mental health and functional outcomes 4 years later. The potential influence of mother's own depressed mood on her ratings of adolescent depression and suicidal ideation on adolescent outcome…

Rice, Frances; Lifford, Kate J.; Thomas, Hollie V.; Thapar, Anita

2007-01-01

14

Adolescent Mental Health Literacy: Young People's Knowledge of Depression and Help Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the mental health literacy of a group of adolescents, with particular reference to their ability to recognize symptoms of depression in their peers. Respondents were 202 Australian adolescents (122 males, 80 females) aged 15-17 years. Their mental health literacy was examined through a questionnaire that presented them with…

Burns, John R.; Rapee, Ronald M.

2006-01-01

15

Adolescent Mental Health Literacy: Young People's Knowledge of Depression and Help Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the mental health literacy of a group of adolescents, with particular reference to their ability to recognize symptoms of depression in their peers. Respondents were 202 Australian adolescents (122 males, 80 females) aged 15-17 years. Their mental health literacy was examined through a questionnaire that presented them with…

Burns, John R.; Rapee, Ronald M.

2006-01-01

16

Adolescent mental health literacy: Young people's knowledge of depression and help seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the mental health literacy of a group of adolescents, with particular reference to their ability to recognize symptoms of depression in their peers. Respondents were 202 Australian adolescents (122 males, 80 females) aged 15–17 years. Their mental health literacy was examined through a questionnaire that presented them with five scenarios of young people. Respondents showed a mixed

John R. Burns; Ronald M. Rapee

2006-01-01

17

Older Adults and Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Health & Education > Mental Health Information Older Adults and Mental Health Depression Depression is not a normal part of ... Research Clinical Trials: Current Studies on Older Adults Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General/Older Adults ...

18

Mental Health Literacy of Depression: Gender Differences and Attitudinal Antecedents in a Representative British Sample  

PubMed Central

Background Poor mental health literacy and negative attitudes toward individuals with mental health disorders may impede optimal help-seeking for symptoms of mental ill-health. The present study examined the ability to recognize cases of depression as a function of respondent and target gender, as well as individual psychological differences in attitudes toward persons with depression. Methods In a representative British general population survey, the ability to correctly recognize vignettes of depression was assessed among 1,218 adults. Respondents also rated the vignettes along a number of attitudinal dimensions and completed measures of attitudes toward seeking psychological help, psychiatric skepticism, and anti-scientific attitudes. Results There were significant differences in the ability to correctly identify cases of depression as a function of respondent and target gender. Respondents were more likely to indicate that a male vignette did not suffer from a mental health disorder compared to a female vignette, and women were more likely than men to indicate that the male vignette suffered from a mental health disorder. Attitudes toward persons with depression were associated with attitudes toward seeking psychological help, psychiatric skepticism, and anti-scientific attitudes. Conclusion Initiatives that consider the impact of gender stereotypes as well as individual differences may enhance mental health literacy, which in turn is associated with improved help-seeking behaviors for symptoms of mental ill-health.

Swami, Viren

2012-01-01

19

Effectiveness of Cognitive Therapy for Depression in a Community Mental Health Center: A Benchmarking Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examined the feasibility and effectiveness of transporting an empirically supported treatment for depression, cognitive therapy (CT), to a community mental health center setting. CT was delivered to 192 adult outpatients with major depression, and a benchmarking strategy compared results with those of 2 randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The 3 samples were largely similar in terms of initial

Kari A. Merrill; Valerie E. Tolbert; Wendy A. Wade

2003-01-01

20

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Mental Health Service Use among Adolescents with Major Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Little is known about racial/ethnic differences in the receipt of treatment for major depression in adolescents. This study examined differences in mental health service use in non-Hispanic white, black, Hispanic, and Asian adolescents who experienced an episode of major depression. Method: Five years of data (2004-2008) were pooled…

Cummings, Janet R.; Druss, Benjamin G.

2011-01-01

21

Mental Health for Men  

MedlinePLUS

... abuse Anxiety disorders and PTSD Body image and eating disorders Depression Sexual health for men Urinary health for ... abuse Anxiety disorders and PTSD Body image and eating disorders Depression Other mental health conditions include bipolar disorder , ...

22

Impact of health literacy on depressive symptoms and mental health-related quality of life among adults with addiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Health literacy has been linked to health status in a variety of chronic diseases. However, evidence for a relationship between\\u000a health literacy and mental health outcomes is sparse.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that low literacy would be associated with higher addiction severity, higher levels of depressive symptoms,\\u000a and worse mental health functioning compared with those with higher literacy in adults

Alisa Lincoln; Michael K. Paasche-Orlow; Debbie M. Cheng; Christine Lloyd-Travaglini; Christine Caruso; Richard Saitz; Jeffrey H. Samet

2006-01-01

23

The Role of an Early Head Start Mental Health Coordinator: Screening for Maternal Depression in a Comprehensive Approach to Mental Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Screening for maternal depression was a core component of the P.E.A.C.E., Inc., Early Head Start program's comprehensive approach to supporting the mental health needs of low-income pregnant women and families with infants and toddlers. The addition of a mental health coordinator as a full-time staff member created an opportunity to develop a…

Canuso, Regina

2007-01-01

24

Mental Health Literacy in Hmong and Cambodian Elderly Refugees: A Barrier to Understanding, Recognizing, and Responding to Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to explore mental health literacy, specifically focusing on depression, among Southeast Asian (SEA) elderly refugees residing in the Twin Cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minnesota. Three focus groups were held with nine mental health professionals who work with SEA elders. Jorm's mental health literacy framework guided the…

Lee, Hee Yun; Lytle, Kathy; Yang, Pa Nhia; Lum, Terry

2010-01-01

25

A multicenter cross-sectional study of mental and physical health depression in MHD patients  

PubMed Central

Depression is ranked fourth among the disabling diseases affecting people worldwide and is the most common psychological problem in patients with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). The aim of this study is to assess the physical and emotional health status of renal dialysis patients, based on the SF-36 scale in relation to their economic status. Sixty maintenance hemodialysis patients, with a mean age of 40±13 years were included in this cross-sectional study using the SF-36 scale. It comprises 36 questions regarding physical and mental functions, body pain, vitality, etc. An SF-36 score of 50 or less was considered as moderate to severe depression and 51–100 as mild depression to good health. 56.81% of the patients who are below poverty line under dialysis had moderate to severe depression with regard to their health status. A physical health score of up to 50 was seen in 63.63% of patients below poverty line 63.63% (P= 0.16). A mental health score of 0–50 was observed in 61.63% of the cohort studied (P = 0.22). Among the patient with diabetes (28.33%) 55.56% had depression. Dialysis duration was directly associated with deteriorating physical health status and inversely proportional to their mental health status (P<0.05). There are problems in other regular activities due to depressed physical and mental health. The factors that were identified in this study that influence depression such as poverty status, increasing age, vintage and frequency of dialysis and treatment with erythropoietin dosage should be addressed and treated accordingly to improve the quality of life. Improving self-esteem with fruitful employment opportunities, concerted rehabilitation by professionals and easing of economic burden by private–public partnership is an achievable goal.

Vettath, R. E.; Reddy, Y. N. V.; Reddy, Y. N. V.; Dutta, S.; Singh, Z.; Mathew, M.; Abraham, G.

2012-01-01

26

Child Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... your child has a fever. A child's mental health problem may be harder to identify, but you ... or hurting or destroying things. Some common mental health problems in children are Depression Anxiety Behavior disorders ...

27

Managed Care, Access to Mental Health Specialists, and Outcomes Among Primary Care Patients with Depressive Symptoms  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To determine whether managed care is associated with reduced access to mental health specialists and worse outcomes among primary care patients with depressive symptoms. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Offices of 261 primary physicians in private practice in Seattle. PATIENTS Patients (N = 17,187) were screened in waiting rooms, enrolling 1,336 adults with depressive symptoms. Patients (n = 942) completed follow-up surveys at 1, 3, and 6 months. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS For each patient, the intensity of managed care was measured by the managedness of the patient's health plan, plan benefit indexes, presence or absence of a mental health carve-out, intensity of managed care in the patient's primary care office, physician financial incentives, and whether the physician read or used depression guidelines. Access measures were referral and actually seeing a mental health specialist. Outcomes were the Symptom Checklist for Depression, restricted activity days, and patient rating of care from primary physician. Approximately 23% of patients were referred to mental health specialists, and 38% saw a mental health specialist with or without referral. Managed care generally was not associated with a reduced likelihood of referral or seeing a mental health specialist. Patients in more-managed plans were less likely to be referred to a psychiatrist. Among low-income patients, a physician financial withhold for referral was associated with fewer mental health referrals. A physician productivity bonus was associated with greater access to mental health specialists. Depressive symptom and restricted activity day outcomes in more-managed health plans and offices were similar to or better than less-managed settings. Patients in more-managed offices had lower ratings of care from their primary physicians. CONCLUSIONS The intensity of managed care was generally not associated with access to mental health specialists. The small number of managed care strategies associated with reduced access were offset by other strategies associated with increased access. Consequently, no adverse health outcomes were detected, but lower patient ratings of care provided by their primary physicians were found.

Grembowski, David E; Martin, Diane; Patrick, Donald L; Diehr, Paula; Katon, Wayne; Williams, Barbara; Engelberg, Ruth; Novak, Louise; Dickstein, Deborah; Deyo, Richard; Goldberg, Harold I

2002-01-01

28

Beliefs and attitudes of French family practitioners toward depression: the impact of training in mental health  

PubMed Central

Objective To study, in a sample of French Family Practitioners (FPs), beliefs and attitudes toward depression and how they vary according to training received in mental health. Methods The Depression Attitude Questionnaire (DAQ) was completed by 468 FPs from all regions of France, recruited by pharmaceutical company representatives to attend focus groups on the management of depression in general practice. Results A three factor model was derived from the DAQ, accounting for 37.7% of the total variance. The correlations between individual items of each component varied from 0.4 to 0.65 with an overall internal consistency of 0.47 (Cronbach’s alpha). FPs had an overall neutral position on component 1, professional ease, a positive view on the origins of depression and its amenability to change (component 2), and a belief in the necessity of medication and the benefit of antidepressant therapy (component 3). Training in mental health, specifically through continuing medical education and postgraduate psychiatric hospital training, was significantly and positively associated with both professional ease and a medication approach to treating depression. Conclusion this study is the first description of the beliefs and attitudes of French FPs towards depression using a standardized measure, the DAQ, despite the instrument’s limited psychometric properties. It shows the positive effect of training in mental health on attitudes towards depression.

Norton, Joanna L.; Pommie, Christelle; Cogneau, Joel; Haddad, Mark; Ritchie, Karen A.; Mann, Anthony H.

2011-01-01

29

Maternal Depressive Symptoms When Caring for a Child with Mental Health Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

As primary caregivers of children with mental health problems, mothers face challenges that put them at risk for depression,\\u000a which is rarely identified or addressed. The aims of this paper were to (a) identify mean differences among demographic, stressor,\\u000a threat, and resource variables specified in a theoretical model and thought to be associated with maternal depressive symptoms\\u000a and (b) determine

Janis E. GerkensmeyerSusan; Susan M. Perkins; Jennifer Day; Joan K. Austin; Eric L. Scott; Jingwei Wu

30

Relationship of depressive symptoms and mental health functioning to repeat detoxification  

Microsoft Academic Search

To better understand residential detoxification use, we assessed the roles of depressive symptoms (DS) and mental health functioning (MHF) on repeat detoxification. A prospective cohort of residential detoxification patients (N = 400) without primary medical care was followed over 2 years at 6-month intervals. Subsequent detoxification admissions were examined using a statewide administrative database and DS (Center for Epidemiologic Studies

Christopher W. Shanahan; Alisa Lincoln; Nicholas J. Horton; Richard Saitz; Michael Winter; Jeffrey H. Samet

2005-01-01

31

Maternal Depressive Symptoms when Caring for a Child with Mental Health Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As primary caregivers of children with mental health problems, mothers face challenges that put them at risk for depression, which is rarely identified or addressed. The aims of this paper were to (a) identify mean differences among demographic, stressor, threat, and resource variables specified in a theoretical model and thought to be associated…

Gerkensmeyer, Janis E.; Perkins, Susan M.; Day, Jennifer; Austin, Joan K.; Scott, Eric L.; Wu, Jingwei

2011-01-01

32

Depressive Symptoms and Mental Health Treatment in an Ethnoracially Diverse College Student Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: To study (a) the prevalence of depressive symptoms and (b) the utilization of mental health treatment in an ethnoracially diverse sample consisting primarily of Asian Americans, European Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders. Participants: Five hundred eighty-nine college students. Method: A questionnaire packet that…

Herman, Steve; Archambeau, Olga G.; Deliramich, Aimee N.; Kim, Bryan S. K.; Chiu, Pearl H.; Frueh, B. Christopher

2011-01-01

33

Therapist effects in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent psychotherapy research literature has stressed the importance of therapist effects (i.e., the impact of the individual therapist on treatment outcome). The authors report an analysis of therapist effects in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program using hierarchical linear modeling. In addition to studying overall therapist effects, they investigate the possible interaction of therapists

Irene Elkin; Lydia Falconnier; Zoran Martinovich; Colleen Mahoney

2006-01-01

34

Have Mental Health Education Programs Influenced the Mental Health Literacy of Those with Major Depression and Suicidal Ideation? A Comparison between 1998 and 2008 in South Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mental health literacy is the knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, or prevention and is considered to be an important determinant of help-seeking. This has relevance in suicide prevention, as depression, the clinical condition most frequently associated with suicidality, has been the target of…

Chamberlain, Peter N.; Goldney, Robert D.; Taylor, Anne W.; Eckert, Kerena A.

2012-01-01

35

Have Mental Health Education Programs Influenced the Mental Health Literacy of Those with Major Depression and Suicidal Ideation? A Comparison between 1998 and 2008 in South Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mental health literacy is the knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, or prevention and is considered to be an important determinant of help-seeking. This has relevance in suicide prevention, as depression, the clinical condition most frequently associated with suicidality, has been the target of…

Chamberlain, Peter N.; Goldney, Robert D.; Taylor, Anne W.; Eckert, Kerena A.

2012-01-01

36

Optimism and depression as predictors of physical and mental health functioning: the Normative Aging Study.  

PubMed

Dispositional optimism has been linked in previous studies to better health outcomes. We sought to examine the independent associations of dispositional optimism and depressive symptoms with physical and mental functioning in a cohort of healthy middle-aged and older men. The study was conducted among 659 subjects in the Veterans Administration (VA) Normative Aging Study. Dispositional optimism and depressive symptomatology were measured in 1991 and 1990, respectively, by the Life Orientation Test and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies--Depression Scale (CES-D). The dependent variables, functioning and well-being, were measured in 1992 by the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). In multivariate regression models, optimism was associated with higher levels of general health perceptions, vitality, and mental health, and lower levels of bodily pain, but not to physical functioning, social functioning, or role limitations due to physical or emotional problems. Depressive symptomatology was associated with reduced levels of functioning across all SF-36 domains. The findings for optimism and depression were statistically significant after mutual adjustment in multivariate regression models. Optimism and depression are independent predictors of functional status among aging men. PMID:10962705

Achat, H; Kawachi, I; Spiro, A; DeMolles, D A; Sparrow, D

2000-01-01

37

Gender and Racial\\/Ethnic Differences in Use of Outpatient Mental Health and Substance Use Services by Depressed Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines depressed adults’ use of mental health services, focusing on Latinos and African Americans. Self-report data for adults meeting CIDI criteria for major depression or dysthymia from the 1997–98 HealthCare for Communities Survey were analyzed. Gender stratified logistic regression models examined the relationship between race\\/ethnicity and outpatient mental health service use, controlling for sociodemographic, health status, insurance, and

Victoria D. Ojeda; Thomas G. McGuire

2006-01-01

38

Multimodal E-Mental Health Treatment for Depression: A Feasibility Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Internet interventions for depression have shown less than optimal adherence. This study describes the feasibility trial of a multimodal e-mental health intervention designed to enhance adherence and outcomes for depression. The intervention required frequent brief log-ins for self-monitoring and feedback as well as email and brief telephone support guided by a theory-driven manualized protocol. Objective The objective of this feasibility trial was to examine if our Internet intervention plus manualized telephone support program would result in increased adherence rates and improvement in depression outcomes. Methods This was a single arm feasibility trial of a 7-week intervention. Results Of the 21 patients enrolled, 2 (9.5%) dropped out of treatment. Patients logged in 23.2 ± 12.2 times over the 7 weeks. Significant reductions in depression were found on all measures, including the Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale (PHQ-8) (Cohen’s d = 1.96, P < .001), the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (d = 1.34, P < .001), and diagnosis of major depressive episode (P < .001). Conclusions The attrition rate was far lower than seen either in Internet studies or trials of face-to-face interventions, and depression outcomes were substantial. These findings support the feasibility of providing a multimodal e-mental health treatment to patients with depression. Although it is premature to make any firm conclusions based on these data, they do support the initiation of a randomized controlled trial examining the independent and joint effects of Internet and telephone administered treatments for depression.

Duffecy, Jennifer; Jin, Ling; Ludman, Evette J; Lewis, Adam; Begale, Mark; McCarthy Jr, Martin

2010-01-01

39

Effectiveness of home visits by mental health nurses for Japanese women with post-partum depression.  

PubMed

Post-partum depression affects 10-13% of Japanese women, but many do not receive appropriate treatment or support. This intervention study evaluated the effectiveness of home visits by mental health nurses for Japanese women with post-partum depression. Eighteen post-partum women met the inclusion criteria and were randomly allocated into the intervention (n = 9) or control (n = 9) group at 1-2 months after giving birth. The intervention group received four weekly home visits by a mental health nurse. Control group participants received usual care. Two women in the intervention group did not complete the study. Depressive symptoms and quality of life were measured at 1 and 6 weeks' postintervention. In addition, participants completed an open-ended questionnaire on satisfaction and meaning derived from the home visits. Women in the intervention group had significant amelioration of depressive symptoms over time and reported positive benefits from the home visits, but there were no statistically significant differences between groups. Significant differences (P < 0.05) were observed at times 2 and 3 between groups in terms of increased median scores of physical, environmental, and global subscales, and the total average score of the World Health Organization/quality of life assessment instrument. On the psychological subscale, significant differences (P = 0.042) were observed between groups at time 2. The qualitative analysis of comments about home visitation revealed four categories related to 'setting their mind at ease', 'clarifying thoughts', 'improving coping abilities', and 'removing feelings of withdrawal from others'. These results suggest that home visits by mental health nurses can contribute to positive mental health and social changes for women with post-partum depression. A larger trial is warranted to test this approach to care. PMID:19128289

Tamaki, Atsuko

2008-12-01

40

Community mental health provider reluctance to provide pharmacotherapy may be a barrier to addressing perinatal depression: a preliminary study.  

PubMed

This is the first study evaluating obstetrics and gynecology (OB/Gyn) provider and staff perceptions of barriers to accessing pharmacotherapy for perinatal depression outside the obstetric setting. Four, 90 min focus groups were conducted with OB/Gyn physicians, advance practice nurses, and support and nursing staff (n = 28). Data were analyzed with a grounded theory approach. Participants perceived that community mental health providers and pharmacists often do not want to participate in pharmacotherapy for perinatal women. Participants believed the solution is training for community mental health providers in the risks and benefits of pharmacotherapy for perinatal depression and improved communication between OB/Gyn's and community mental health providers. Community mental health provider and pharmacist reluctance to provide pharmacotherapy hinders OB/Gyn's perceived ability to address perinatal depression. Community mental health provider and pharmacist training are needed to mitigate precipitous discontinuation of treatment and to improve access to pharmacotherapy for perinatal women. PMID:22941573

Byatt, Nancy; Biebel, Kathleen; Debordes-Jackson, Gifty; Lundquist, Rebecca S; Moore Simas, Tiffany A; Weinreb, Linda; Ziedonis, Douglas

2013-06-01

41

Is the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing a Reliable Guide for Health Planners? A Methodological Note on the Prevalence of Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To consider whether the prevalence of depression reported in the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing is a reliable guide for mental health planners.Method: A comparison of methodologies for the detection of depression in the Australian National Survey and a South Australian survey.Results: The Australian National Survey using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) reported considerably less

Robert Goldney; Graeme Hawthorne; Laura Fisher

2004-01-01

42

Reconsidering the Role of Social Disadvantage in Physical and Mental Health: Stressful Life Events, Health Behaviors, Race, and Depression  

PubMed Central

Prevalence of depression is associated inversely with some indicators of socioeconomic position, and the stress of social disadvantage is hypothesized to mediate this relation. Relative to whites, blacks have a higher burden of most physical health conditions but, unexpectedly, a lower burden of depression. This study evaluated an etiologic model that integrates mental and physical health to account for this counterintuitive patterning. The Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study (Maryland, 1993–2004) was used to evaluate the interaction between stress and poor health behaviors (smoking, alcohol use, poor diet, and obesity) and risk of depression 12 years later for 341 blacks and 601 whites. At baseline, blacks engaged in more poor health behaviors and had a lower prevalence of depression compared with whites (5.9% vs. 9.2%). The interaction between health behaviors and stress was nonsignificant for whites (odds ratio (OR = 1.04, 95% confidence interval: 0.98, 1.11); for blacks, the interaction term was significant and negative (?: ?0.18, P < 0.014). For blacks, the association between median stress and depression was stronger for those who engaged in zero (OR = 1.34) relative to 1 (OR = 1.12) and ?2 (OR = 0.94) poor health behaviors. Findings are consistent with the proposed model of mental and physical health disparities.

Mezuk, Briana; Rafferty, Jane A.; Kershaw, Kiarri N.; Hudson, Darrell; Abdou, Cleopatra M.; Lee, Hedwig; Eaton, William W.; Jackson, James S.

2010-01-01

43

Good Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... selenium, zinc, and omega-3 — may contribute to depression in new mothers. Ask your doctor or another health care professional for more information. Return to top Exercise and mental health Learn more in the fitness and ...

44

Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel and act as ... stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from ...

45

Mental health literacy towards depression among non-medical students at a Malaysian university  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of the present study was to evaluate the knowledge and perception of depression among students of University Sains Malaysia (USM), in Penang, Peninsular Malaysia. Method Face?to?face interviews were conducted using a pre?validated 21?item questionnaire among students at USM. Results A total of 500 respondents participated in the survey comprising 24.6% (n=123) males and 75.4% (n=377) females. Half (50.0%, n=250) were Malays, followed by Chinese (44.0%, n=220) and Indians (6.0%, n=30). Whilst exploring the respondents' knowledge of the symptoms of depression, it was found that Chinese females had a comparatively better knowledge (P=0.058) of the symptoms of depression in comparison with Malays and Indians. Overall, social issues were attributed as the possible cause of depression. A cursory knowledge level was observed regarding medication for depression. Female students were more inclined towards the use of alternative and traditional medicines. However, with regard to seeking professional help, consultation with a psychiatrist was preferred by the majority. Conclusion Overall, a moderate level of knowledge about the symptoms of depression and a cursory knowledge of its therapy were observed. Those with personal experience of depression had better knowledge of the symptoms and therapy. Alternative treatments and traditional medicines were also favoured. There is a risk that this may affect the ability of Malaysian youths to seek evidence?based mental health care.

2010-01-01

46

When and How Perfectionism Impedes the Brief Treatment of Depression: Further Analyses of the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perfectionism has previously been identified as having a significant negative impact on therapeutic outcome at termination in the brief (16-week) treatment of depression (S. J. Blatt, D. M. Quinlan, P. A. Pilkonis, & T. Shea, 1995) as measured by the 5 primary outcome measures used in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program (TDCRP). The

Sidney J. Blatt; David C. Zuroff; Colin M. Bondi; Paul A. Pilkonis

1998-01-01

47

Initial Severity and Differential Treatment Outcome in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Random regression models (RRMs) were used to investigate the role of initial severity in the outcome of 4 treatments (cognitive–behavior therapy [CBT], interpersonal psychotherapy [IPT], imipramine plus clinical management [IMI-CM], and placebo plus clinical management [PLA-CM]) for outpatients with major depressive disorder seen in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. Initial severity of depression

Irene Elkin; Robert D. Gibbons; M. Tracie Shea; Stuart M. Sotsky; John T. Watkins; Paul A. Pilkonis; Donald Hedeker

1995-01-01

48

Adolescent Mental Health Facts  

MedlinePLUS

... Mental Health Adolescent Health Topics Mental Health States Adolescent Mental Health Facts Click a state below to ... Care Positive Mental Health: Resilience In the States Adolescent Health Topics Reproductive Health Mental Health Physical Health ...

49

Identifying Mothers with Postpartum Depression Early: Integrating Perinatal Mental Health Care into the Obstetric Setting  

PubMed Central

With prevalence rates of postnatal depression (PND) as high as at least 7%, there was a need for early detection and intervention of postpartum mental illness amongst Singaporean mothers. This is a report on the first year results of our country's first PND Intervention Programme. The programme consists of two phases: (1) postpartum women were screened with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and provided appropriate care plans; (2) individualized clinical intervention using a case management multidisciplinary team model. Screening for PND was generally acceptable, as 64% eligible women participated voluntarily. Nine percent (126) were identified as probable cases from 1369 women. Forty-one women accepted intervention and achieved 78% reduction in the EPDS symptom scores to below the cutoff of 13, 76% had improvement in GAF functioning scores, and 68% had improved health quality scores. Preliminary results are promising, and this intervention model can be replicated.

Chen, Helen; Wang, Jemie; Ch'ng, Ying Chia; Mingoo, Roshayati; Lee, Theresa; Ong, Julia

2011-01-01

50

Attitudes about depression and its treatment among mental health professionals, lay persons and immigrants and refugees in Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundInternationally, depression is a common psychological disorder whose treatment depends upon its identification by treating professionals as well as patient utilization of mental health care systems; the latter often being hampered by cultural differences between patients and health professionals.

Kristi Erdal; Namrita Singh; Annette Tardif

2011-01-01

51

Global Mental Health 1 No health without mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

About 14% of the global burden of disease has been attributed to neuropsychiatric disorders, mostly due to the chronically disabling nature of depression and other common mental disorders, alcohol-use and substance-use disorders, and psychoses. Such estimates have drawn attention to the importance of mental disorders for public health. However, because they stress the separate contributions of mental and physical disorders

Martin Prince; Vikram Patel; Shekhar Saxena; Mario Maj; Joanna Maselko; Michael R Phillips; Atif Rahman

52

Validation of the Arab Youth Mental Health scale as a screening tool for depression/anxiety in Lebanese children  

PubMed Central

Background Early detection of common mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety, among children and adolescents requires the use of validated, culturally sensitive, and developmentally appropriate screening instruments. The Arab region has a high proportion of youth, yet Arabic-language screening instruments for mental disorders among this age group are virtually absent. Methods We carried out construct and clinical validation on the recently-developed Arab Youth Mental Health (AYMH) scale as a screening tool for depression/anxiety. The scale was administered with 10-14 year old children attending a social service center in Beirut, Lebanon (N = 153). The clinical assessment was conducted by a child and adolescent clinical psychiatrist employing the DSM IV criteria. We tested the scale's sensitivity, specificity, and internal consistency. Results Scale scores were generally significantly associated with how participants responded to standard questions on health, mental health, and happiness, indicating good construct validity. The results revealed that the scale exhibited good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.86) and specificity (79%). However, it exhibited moderate sensitivity for girls (71%) and poor sensitivity for boys (50%). Conclusions The AYMH scale is useful as a screening tool for general mental health states and a valid screening instrument for common mental disorders among girls. It is not a valid instrument for detecting depression and anxiety among boys in an Arab culture.

2011-01-01

53

Family Matters: The Role of Mental Health Stigma and Social Support on Depressive Symptoms and Subsequent Help Seeking among African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|African American adolescent boys underutilize mental health service due to stigma associated with depression. Gaining an increased understanding of how depressed, African American adolescent boys perceive their mental health needs and engage in help-seeking behaviors might play an essential role in efforts to improve their symptoms and access to…

Lindsey, Michael A.; Joe, Sean; Nebbitt, Von

2010-01-01

54

Predicting the Impact of the 2011 Conflict in Libya on Population Mental Health: PTSD and Depression Prevalence and Mental Health Service Requirements  

PubMed Central

Background Mental disorders are likely to be elevated in the Libyan population during the post-conflict period. We estimated cases of severe PTSD and depression and related health service requirements using modelling from existing epidemiological data and current recommended mental health service targets in low and middle income countries (LMIC’s). Methods Post-conflict prevalence estimates were derived from models based on a previously conducted systematic review and meta-regression analysis of mental health among populations living in conflict. Political terror ratings and intensity of exposure to traumatic events were used in predictive models. Prevalence of severe cases was applied to chosen populations along with uncertainty ranges. Six populations deemed to be affected by the conflict were chosen for modelling: Misrata (population of 444,812), Benghazi (pop. 674,094), Zintan (pop. 40,000), displaced people within Tripoli/Zlitan (pop. 49,000), displaced people within Misrata (pop. 25,000) and Ras Jdir camps (pop. 3,700). Proposed targets for service coverage, resource utilisation and full-time equivalent staffing for management of severe cases of major depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are based on a published model for LMIC’s. Findings Severe PTSD prevalence in populations exposed to a high level of political terror and traumatic events was estimated at 12.4% (95%CI 8.5–16.7) and was 19.8% (95%CI 14.0–26.3) for severe depression. Across all six populations (total population 1,236,600), the conflict could be associated with 123,200 (71,600–182,400) cases of severe PTSD and 228,100 (134,000–344,200) cases of severe depression; 50% of PTSD cases were estimated to co-occur with severe depression. Based upon service coverage targets, approximately 154 full-time equivalent staff would be required to respond to these cases sufficiently which is substantially below the current level of resource estimates for these regions. Discussion This is the first attempt to predict the mental health burden and consequent service response needs of such a conflict, and is crucially timed for Libya.

Charlson, Fiona J.; Steel, Zachary; Degenhardt, Louisa; Chey, Tien; Silove, Derrick; Marnane, Claire; Whiteford, Harvey A.

2012-01-01

55

Family Matters: The Role of Mental Health Stigma and Social Support on Depressive Symptoms and Subsequent Help Seeking Among African American Boys  

PubMed Central

African American adolescent boys underutilize mental health service due to stigma associated with depression. Gaining an increased understanding of how depressed, African American adolescent boys perceive their mental health needs and engage in help-seeking behaviors might play an essential role in efforts to improve their symptoms and access to care. Using a mixed-methods design, this study examined the influence of mental health stigma and social support on depressive symptoms among African American adolescent boys. Findings indicated the protective effects of social support in decreasing depressive symptoms, especially when participants experienced mental health stigma. Results also revealed the pivotal role of family social support over both professional and peer support for participants who struggled with depressive symptoms. The primacy of family support among the sample, combined with the frequent distrust of professionals and peer networks, would indicate that working with families may improve initial identification of depression among African American adolescent boys and decrease their barriers to care.

Lindsey, Michael A.; Joe, Sean; Nebbitt, Von

2010-01-01

56

The Role of Mental Health Patient Organizations in Disease Management: Focus on the US National Depressive and Manic-Depressive Association  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mood disorders are serious chronic illnesses that are the leading cause of disability worldwide. Up to two-thirds of all people with a mood disorder are undiagnosed. In the US, there are three suicides for every two homicides, with 70% of these deaths attributed to untreated depression. Mental health advocacy organizations play an important role in the management of these disorders

Lydia Lewis

2001-01-01

57

Impact of Perfectionism and Need for Approval on the Brief Treatment of Depression: The National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program (TDCRP) were administered at intake with the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS; A. N. Weissman & A. T. Beck, 1978). Factor analyses of the DAS in the TDCRP data as well as in several independent samples reveal two primary factors: an interpersonal factor, Need for Approval, and

Sidney J. Blatt; Donald M. Quinlan; Paul A. Pilkonis; M. Tracie Shea

1995-01-01

58

Factors Associated with Use of Mental Health Services for Depressed and\\/or Suicidal Youth Aged 15–24  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a national survey, this study examined different factors and their association with mental health service\\u000a use in youth aged 15–24 with depression and\\/or suicidality. Our sample consisted of 1,252 youth with depression and\\/or suicidality.\\u000a In youth aged 15–18 years old, two factors influenced service use: (1) co-occurrence of depression and suicidality (OR 3.23,\\u000a 95% CI 1.43, 7.32) and

Amy Cheung; Carolyn Dewa; John Cairney; Scott Veldhuizen; Ayal Schaffer

2009-01-01

59

Supportive-Expressive Dynamic Psychotherapy in the Community Mental Health System: A Pilot Effectiveness Trial for the Treatment of Depression  

PubMed Central

The goal of the current article is to present the results of a randomized pilot investigation of a brief dynamic psychotherapy compared with treatment-as-usual (TAU) in the treatment of moderate-to-severe depression in the community mental health system. Forty patients seeking services for moderate-to-severe depression in the community mental health system were randomized to 12 weeks of psychotherapy, with either a community therapist trained in brief dynamic psychotherapy or a TAU therapist. Results indicated that blind judges could discriminate the dynamic sessions from the TAU sessions on adherence to dynamic interventions. The results indicate moderate-to-large effect sizes in favor of the dynamic psychotherapy over the TAU therapy in the treatment of depression. The Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale-24 showed that 50% of patients treated with dynamic therapy moved into a normative range compared with only 29% of patients treated with TAU.

Connolly Gibbons, Mary Beth; Thompson, Sarah M.; Scott, Kelli; Schauble, Lindsay A.; Mooney, Tessa; Thompson, Donald; Green, Patricia; MacArthur, Mary Jo; Crits-Christoph, Paul

2013-01-01

60

Supportive-expressive dynamic psychotherapy in the community mental health system: a pilot effectiveness trial for the treatment of depression.  

PubMed

The goal of the current article is to present the results of a randomized pilot investigation of a brief dynamic psychotherapy compared with treatment-as-usual (TAU) in the treatment of moderate-to-severe depression in the community mental health system. Forty patients seeking services for moderate-to-severe depression in the community mental health system were randomized to 12 weeks of psychotherapy, with either a community therapist trained in brief dynamic psychotherapy or a TAU therapist. Results indicated that blind judges could discriminate the dynamic sessions from the TAU sessions on adherence to dynamic interventions. The results indicate moderate-to-large effect sizes in favor of the dynamic psychotherapy over the TAU therapy in the treatment of depression. The Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale-24 showed that 50% of patients treated with dynamic therapy moved into a normative range compared with only 29% of patients treated with TAU. PMID:22962971

Gibbons, Mary Beth Connolly; Thompson, Sarah M; Scott, Kelli; Schauble, Lindsay A; Mooney, Tessa; Thompson, Donald; Green, Patricia; MacArthur, Mary Jo; Crits-Christoph, Paul

2012-09-01

61

Subjective Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Depressed Children Grown Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Limited attention has been devoted to characterizing unmet need for treatment among individuals with mental disorders. A longitudinal follow-up of depressed, anxious, and psychiatrically normal children into adulthood provided an opportunity to examine factors associated with subjective unmet need.Methods  Respondents (n = 208) comprise a subsample of a cohort ascertained between 1977 and 1985 consisting of three subgroups: one with major depressive disorder

Risë B. Goldstein; Mark Olfson; Elaine Goff Martens; Susan I. Wolk

2006-01-01

62

Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... the health services/center. They see lots of students who are anxious, stressed or depressed at college. What if it's more serious than feeling down— ... weeks or more, see a counselor at your student health center right away: Sad mood Not ... problems (you sleep too much or too little) Being really tired, ...

63

Depression–anxiety relationships with chronic physical conditions: Results from the World Mental Health surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPrior research on the association between affective disorders and physical conditions has been carried out in developed countries, usually in clinical populations, on a limited range of mental disorders and physical conditions, and has seldom taken into account the comorbidity between depressive and anxiety disorders.

K. M. Scott; R. Bruffaerts; A. Tsang; J. Ormel; J. Alonso; M. C. Angermeyer; C. Benjet; E. Bromet; G. de Girolamo; R. de Graaf; I. Gasquet; O. Gureje; J. M. Haro; Y. He; R. C. Kessler; D. Levinson; Z. N. Mneimneh; M. A. Oakley Browne; J. Posada-Villa; D. J. Stein; T. Takeshima; M. Von Korff

2007-01-01

64

Depression: A Social or a Mental Health Problem? Implications for the Health of Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is no doubt that women have more depression than men--both treated and untreated--and that depression affects women in their most productive years, impairing personal satisfaction and ability to fulfill social roles. A review of the various therapeutic approaches to depression shows that there is good evidence that the traditional…

Weissman, Myrna M.

65

Florida Mental Health Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Florida Mental Health Institute, dedicated to research, training and program development for improving psychological wellbeing, has four main divisions: Aging and Mental Health, Child and Family Studies, Community Mental Health, and Mental Health Law and Policy.

66

Depressive Symptomatology and Mental Health Help-Seeking Patterns of U.S.- and Foreign-Born Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This report presents the national estimates of maternal depressive symptomatology prevalence and its socio-demographic correlates\\u000a among major racial\\/ethnic-nativity groups in the United States. We also examined the relationship of mental health-seeking\\u000a patterns by race\\/ethnicity and nativity. Methods: Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey-Birth Cohort Nine-month data, we present the distribution of Center for Epidemiological\\u000a Study-Depression (CES-D) score by new

Zhihuan Jennifer Huang; Frank Y. Wong; Cynthia R. Ronzio; Stella M. Yu

2007-01-01

67

Mental Health Concerns of Older Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mental health problems of older women are studied, including depression and other affective disorders, personality disorders, organic mental disorders, and alcohol and drug disorders. A brief, tabular review of these mental disorders is presented. Data on...

D. E. Gelfand

1983-01-01

68

Mental health in the tropics.  

PubMed

Although problems in mental health constitute 14% of the global burden of disease, mental health has been largely missing from the international health agenda. The burden from mental illness is largely attributable to the chronically disabling nature of depression and other common mental disorders, alcohol-use and substance-use disorders, and psychoses. The last decade has seen some progress in addressing this gap. In 2001, the World Health Report, Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope, drew attention to the situation, with an appeal from the World Health Organization's Director General that 'mental health - neglected for far too long - is crucial to the overall well-being of individuals, societies and countries and must be universally regarded in a new light.' In September 2007, the journal Lancet launched the global mental health series, which highlighted the public-health dimension of mental health, identified barriers to receiving treatment, and gave a call for action to the nations of the world, to make a major commitment to upgrade the quality of mental-health services, to develop evidence-based treatment and preventive measures, to provide support for research in mental health, and to develop indicators to monitor progress. In October 2008, the World Health Organization launched the Mental Health Gap Action Programme, with the aim of scaling up the services for mental, neurological and substance-use disorders in all countries but especially those with low and middle incomes. The programme aims to develop evidence-based packages of care, psycho-social interventions and pharmacotherapy for tens of millions who could be treated for depression, schizophrenia and epilepsy, prevented from suicide, and begin to lead normal lives - even in very poor countries. While there is cause for optimism, much remains to be done. Most of all, there needs to be awareness amongst health providers and planners that mental health is an integral part of general health concerns, and that there can be no health without mental health. PMID:19208294

Rahman, A; Prince, M

2009-03-01

69

Specialty Health Care, Treatment Patterns, and Quality: The Impact of a Mental Health Carve-Out on Care for Depression  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess the effect of a mental health carve-out on treatment patterns and quality of care for outpatient treatment of depression. Data Sources Outpatient and pharmaceutical claims from September 1993 through March 1997 for one large managed care organization in the Midwest that carved-out mental health and substance abuse benefits in September 1995. Research Design Using the treatment episode as the unit of analysis (n=1,747), changes in treatment patterns associated with the change to a carve-out were evaluated. Logistic regression was used to assess whether in the postperiod a treatment episode was more likely to be treated with (1) an antidepressant and (2) a type and intensity of treatment with proven efficacy. To strengthen confidence in a causal relationship, I search for structural breaks in treatment patterns across a wide range of dates, assuming no a priori knowledge of the timing of the impact of the carve-out. Results I find the carve-out to be associated with an increase in the use of drug treatments. Although I find a decrease in the use of guideline-level treatment over the entire study period, there is an increase in the number of episodes treated with guideline-level treatment over what would be the case in the absence of the carve-out. Conclusions The increase in the use of drug treatments suggests previous research that excluded these costs may have overestimated the savings attributable to carve-outs. Guideline-level care appeared to increase as a result of carve-out implementation suggesting the use of management and specialization to reduce costs is not antithetical to quality improvement.

Busch, Susan H

2002-01-01

70

Mental health in men.  

PubMed

Mental and physical health are intrinsically linked to a person's ability to maintain good physical health determined, in part, by his or her mental wellbeing. Similarly, poor physical health can lead to mental health problems. PMID:24063488

Morrow, Abby

2013-09-25

71

Teen Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... worthless could be warning signs of a mental health problem. Mental health problems are real, painful, and sometimes severe. You ... things that could harm you or others Mental health problems can be treated. To find help, talk ...

72

Improving responses to depression and related disorders: evaluation of a innovative, general, mental health care workers training program  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Australian General Practitioners have been beneficiaries of extensive training in mental health care delivery over the last few years but less so other workers who support those with mental illness. Training is needed as it is widely recognised that the most effective interventions to prevent and treat mental disorders are often not readily available. The Mental Health Aptitudes into

Annette L Graham; John Julian; Graham Meadows

2010-01-01

73

[Economic evaluation of the demand of medical care for mental health in Mexico: schizophrenia and depression, 1996-2000].  

PubMed

Financing protection for both, users and providers of health care services is one of the main objectives of National Program of Health in Mexico, 2001-2006. In fact one of the elements of the present health care reform initiatives is need for the efficient allocation of financial resources, using resource allocation schemes by specific health care demands that combine both the economic, clinical and the epidemiological perspectives. The evaluation of such schemes has been approached in several ways; however, in the case of mental health services, there is dearth of studies that use economic assessment methods. Moreover, such studies are of limited scope, often a response to unmated health needs, disregarding the economic implication for health services production and financing and ensuing medical care market imbalances. This paper presents the results of an evaluative research work aimed to assess the average cost of depression and schizophrenia case management, the financial resources required to meet the health care demands by type of institution, period 1996-2000, in Mexico by type of health care provider. The case management average cost for schizophrenia was $211.00 US, and that for depression was $221.00 US. The demand of services for both conditions in each type of institution showed that the greatest relative demands (96% of the national total for depression and 94% of the national total for schizophrenia) occur in three institutions: IMSS, SSA and ISSSTE. The greatest demand of the health services for the two study condition corresponded to those insured by the IMSS, followed by those uninsured who use the SSA services, and those insured by the ISSSTE. The case management costs for mental conditions are in the middle range between hypertension and diabetes in the upper end, pneumonia and diarrhea in the lower end. The case managment costs of health care demands for the selected tracer conditions differ considerably among institutions for insure populations and those for uninsured populations, with a greater economic impact on-the former. Independent from differences found, these results allow the identification of economic evaluation indicators that could be used to design resource allocation schemes for each of the institutions included in this study. PMID:12708163

Arredondo, Armando; Ramos, René; Zúñiga, Alexis

74

Development of scales to assess mental health literacy relating to recognition of and interventions for depression, anxiety disorders and schizophrenia/psychosis.  

PubMed

Objective:The aim of this study was to develop scales to assess mental health literacy relating to affective disorders, anxiety disorders and schizophrenia/psychosis.Method:Scales were created to assess mental health literacy in relation to depression, depression with suicidal thoughts, early schizophrenia, chronic schizophrenia, social phobia and post-traumatic stress disorder using data from a survey of 1536 health professionals (general practitioners, clinical psychologists and psychiatrists), assessing recognition of these disorders and beliefs about the helpfulness of interventions. This was done by using the consensus of experts about the helpfulness and harmfulness of treatments for each disorder as a criterion. Data from a general population survey of 6019 Australians aged ? 15 was used to examine associations between scale scores, exposure to mental disorders and sociodemographic variables, to assess scale validity.Results:Those with a close friend or family member with a mental disorder had significantly higher mean scores on all mental health literacy scales, providing support for scale validity. Personal experience of the problem and working with people with a similar problem was linked to higher scores on some scales. Male sex, a lower level of education and age > 60 were linked to lower levels of mental health literacy. Higher scores were also linked to a greater belief that people with mental disorders are sick rather than weak.Conclusions:The scales developed in this study allow for the assessment of mental health literacy in relation to depression, depression with suicidal thoughts, early schizophrenia, chronic schizophrenia, social phobia and PTSD. Those with exposure to mental disorders had higher scores on the scales, and analyses of the links between scale scores and sociodemographic variables of age, gender and level of education were in line with those seen in other studies, providing support for scale validity. PMID:23744982

Reavley, Nicola J; Morgan, Amy J; Jorm, Anthony F

2013-06-01

75

Religiosity and mental health.  

PubMed

Mental health is not considered only as absence of mental disorders, but rather as the achievement of higher standards of available psychical potentials. True devotion and obedience to The God give the one a huge and incredible strength, constant source of spiritual emotional and moral energy, which is of help in resisting destructive and slavery attacks of the environment and its materialistic-consuming tendencies, as well as social and mental disruption. According to the opinion of numerous worldwide recognized mental health experts, humankind of today is confronted with a number of problems, which are the consequence of spiritual and moral-ethical degradation of human being. Therefore, religiosity became the field of interest of mental health researchers. The results of new studies undoubtedly indicate beneficial effects of religion on life and mental health in humans. Religiosity reduces tendencies for risky behaviour, impulsive reactions and aggression; it corrects tendencies towards psychopathic and paranoid behaviour, reduces converse, depressive and schizoid tendency, and provides successful overcome of emotional conflicts. In comparison to low-religious adolescents, the factors such as inner conflicts, frustration, fear, anxiety, psychological trauma, low self-esteem, unbalance of psychical homeostasis, emotional instability, and negative psychical energy are less present in highly religious adolescents and neutralized in a healthier and more efficient way. Beneficial impact of religion on mental health derives from precise cognitive-behavioural patterns, which provide a clear life orientation, solid basis and safe frames for personality development, assuring human to be continually on the way to achieve its own generic essence and reach its own maturity and self-actualization. PMID:16395848

Pajevi?, Izet; Sinanovi?, Osman; Hasanovi?, Mevludin

2005-06-01

76

Stigmatizing attitudes differ across mental health disorders: a comparison of stigma across eating disorders, obesity, and major depressive disorder.  

PubMed

The aim of the current article was to compare stigmatizing attitudes toward eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED), with stigma toward another weight-related condition (obesity) and a non-weight-related mental disorder (major depressive disorder [MDD]). Participants (N = 447) read five vignettes describing a woman with AN, BN, BED, obesity, or MDD and responded to questionnaires examining stigmatizing attitudes. The targets with EDs were blamed more for their condition than the targets with MDD, whereas persons with obesity were held more responsible for their condition than any other target. On the other hand, the target with MDD was perceived as more impaired than any other target. Lack of self-discipline was attributed more to the development of BED and obesity than to any other condition. Stigmatizing attitudes vary across mental health disorders, and future research should aim to specifically target stigmatizing beliefs to reduce and prevent discrimination toward mental health disorders and obesity. PMID:23538972

Ebneter, Daria S; Latner, Janet D

2013-04-01

77

GENDER AND MENTAL HEALTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper addresses the relationship between gender and mental health. First, the field of mental health and the concept of gender is introduced. This is followed by a discussion of the forms of gender bias implicated in mental health research. Next, gender differences in mental health outcomes are described, including differences in the prevalence and course of conditions. Evidence

Jill Astbury

78

MENTAL DEPRESSION AND KUNDALINI YOGA  

PubMed Central

In cases of mental depression, the plasma serotonin, melatonin and glutamate levels are increased along with the lowering of urinary – 5 – hydroxyindole acetic acid, plasma monoamine oxidase and cortisol levels following three and six months Practice of Kundalini Yoga. The pulse rate and blood pressure in these patients are also lowered after Kundalini Yoga practice. Thus, the practice of Kundalini Yoga helps to maintain a perfect homeostasis by bringing an equilibrium between the sympathetic and parasympathetic activities and it can be used as a non – medical measure in treating patients with mental depression.

Devi, Sanjenbam Kunjeshwori; Chansauria, J. P. N.; Udupa, K.N.

1986-01-01

79

Mental depression and kundalini yoga.  

PubMed

In cases of mental depression, the plasma serotonin, melatonin and glutamate levels are increased along with the lowering of urinary - 5 - hydroxyindole acetic acid, plasma monoamine oxidase and cortisol levels following three and six months Practice of Kundalini Yoga. The pulse rate and blood pressure in these patients are also lowered after Kundalini Yoga practice. Thus, the practice of Kundalini Yoga helps to maintain a perfect homeostasis by bringing an equilibrium between the sympathetic and parasympathetic activities and it can be used as a non - medical measure in treating patients with mental depression. PMID:22557558

Devi, S K; Chansauria, J P; Udupa, K N

1986-10-01

80

Geriatric Mental Health Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... Geriatric Psychiatry to raise awareness of psychiatric and mental health disorders affecting the elderly, eliminate the stigma of mental illness and treatment, promote healthy aging strategies, and ...

81

Treatment Expectancies, Patient Alliance, and Outcome: Further Analyses From the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior analyses from the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program indicated that patients' expectancies of treatment effectiveness (S. M. Sotsky et al., 1991) and the quality of the therapeutic alliance (J. L. Krupnick et al., 1996) predicted clinical improvement. These data were reanalyzed to examine the hypothesis that the link between treatment expectancies and outcome

Björn Meyer; Paul A. Pilkonis; Janice L. Krupnick; Matthew K. Egan; Samuel J. Simmens; Stuart M. Sotsky

2002-01-01

82

Does Interpersonal Psychotherapy improve clinical care for adolescents with depression attending a rural child and adolescent mental health service? Study protocol for a cluster randomised feasibility trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Depression amongst adolescents is a costly societal problem. Little research documents the effectiveness of public mental health services in mapping this problem. Further, it is not clear whether usual care in such services can be improved via clinician training in a relevant evidence based intervention. One such intervention, found to be effective and easily learned amongst novice clinicians, is

Cate Bearsley-Smith; Mark Oakley Browne; Ken Sellick; Elmer V Villanueva; Janice Chesters; Karen Francis; Prasuna Reddy

2007-01-01

83

The Impact of Physical, Psychological, and Sexual Intimate Male Partner Violence on Women's Mental Health: Depressive Symptoms, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, State Anxiety, and Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study aimed to determine the impact of lifetime physical, psychological, and sexual intimate male partner violence (IPV) on the mental health of women, after controlling for the contribution of lifetime victimization. The comorbidity of depressive symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their relation to state anxiety and suicide were also assessed. Methods: Physically\\/psychologically (n ? 75) and

Maria A. Pico-Alfonso; M. Isabel Garcia-Linares; Nuria Celda-Navarro; Concepcion Blasco-Ros; Enrique Echeburua; Manuela Martinez

2006-01-01

84

Intimate Partner Violence, Depression, PTSD and Use of Mental Health Resources among Ethnically Diverse Black Women  

PubMed Central

Background This study examined exposure to violence and risk for lethality in intimate partner relationships as factors related to co-occurring MH problems and use of mental health (MH) resources among women of African descent. Methods Black women with intimate partner violence (IPV) experiences (n=431) were recruited from primary care, prenatal or family planning clinics in the US and the US Virgin Islands. Results Severity of IPV was significantly associated with co-occurring MH problems, but was not associated with the use of MH resources among African American women. Risk for lethality and co-occurring problems were also not significantly related to the use of resources. African Caribbean women with severe physical abuse experiences were significantly less likely to use resources. In contrast, severity of physical abuse was positively associated with the use of resources among Black women with mixed ethnicity. Conclusions Severe IPV experiences are risk factors for co-occurring MH problems, which in turn, increases the need for MH services. However, Black women may not seek help for MH problems. Thus, social work practitioners in health care settings must thoroughly assess women for their IPV experiences and develop tailored treatment plans that address their abuse histories and MH needs.

SABRI, BUSHRA; BOLYARD, RICHELLE; MCFADGION, AKOSOA L.; STOCKMAN, JAMILA K.; LUCEA, MARGUERITE B.; CALLWOOD, GLORIA B.; COVERSTON, CATHERINE R.; CAMPBELL, JACQUELYN C.

2013-01-01

85

The mental health of veterans.  

PubMed

For the majority service in the Armed Forces is beneficial and, in the main, military veterans have successful lives. However, a minority have a bleaker outlook as a result of on-going ill health and social exclusion. Whilst the media focuses on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, in reality the most frequent mental health problems for veterans are alcohol problems, depression and anxiety disorders. These difficulties are difficult to manage as veterans, particularly those who are unwell, demonstrate a reticence to seek help for mental health problems. Another issue is that many veterans are now reserve personnel who have been found to be at greater risk of developing mental health problems than their regular counterparts. Steps to improve the knowledge and expertise of primary care services about veteran's mental health issues and increasing the availability of treatment options are important and are underway. PMID:19043996

Murphy, D; Iversen, A; Greenberg, N

2008-06-01

86

National Institute of Mental Health: Child and Adolescent Mental Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed as a public service by the National Institute of Mental Health, this Web site contains a wealth of materials that will be very useful to mental health practitioners, parents, and those who work with young people in any capacity. First-time visitors will want to read the brief notes on the mental health of children and adolescents, as well as the section dealing with the treatment of children with mental disorders, which answers some basic questions about various disorders and psychotropic medicines commonly prescribed to treat these conditions. The Educational Materials section provides a number of booklets, fact sheets, and additional Web sites on such conditions as autism, depression, learning disabilities, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Researchers and health care professionals will want to examine the sections devoted to current research reports and multi-center collaborations, including the Child and Adolescent Research Consortium and the Child Abuse and Neglect Working Group.

87

Postnatal Mental Health of Women Giving Birth in Australia 2002-2004: Findings From the Beyond Blue National Postnatal Depression Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To describe the postnatal mental health status of women giving birth in Australia 2002–2004 at 6–8 weeks postpartum. Method: Women were recruited from 43 health services across Australia. Women completed a demographic questionnaire and an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in pregnancy; the latter was repeated at 6–8 weeks following childbirth. Results: A total of 12 361 postnatal women

Anne E. Buist; Marie-Paule V. Austin; Barbara A. Hayes; Craig Speelman; Justin L. C. Bilszta; Alan W. Gemmill; Janette Brooks; David Ellwood; Jeannette Milgrom

2008-01-01

88

Community Mental Health Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community Psychiatric Practice is a special section within Community Mental Health Journal devoted to issues relating to psychiatrists who practice in community mental health centers and similar settings. The intent of the section is to stimulate interaction and involve community psychiatrists and other community mental health professionals in a dialogue analogous to the collaborative situation in the community men- tal

Robert E. Drake

2001-01-01

89

PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AMONG RURAL ELDERLY: EXAMINING THE NEED FOR MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a statewide, regionally representative, random sample consisting of 1,724 older adults living independently in North Dakota, the prevalence of depression was found to be relatively low. Controlling for potential alcohol abuse, cognitive impairment, and medical problems, 5% of older adults reported current depressive symptomatology. When using a cutoff score that is likely to correspond to a diagnosis of major

Paul D. Rokke; Daniel J. Klenow

1998-01-01

90

Omega3 fatty acids and major depression: A primer for the mental health professional  

Microsoft Academic Search

Omega-3 fatty acids play a critical role in the development and function of the central nervous system. Emerging research is establishing an association between omega-3 fatty acids (alpha-linolenic, eicosapentaenoic, docosahexaenoic) and major depressive disorder. Evidence from epidemiological, laboratory and clinical studies suggest that dietary lipids and other associated nutritional factors may influence vulnerability and outcome in depressive disorders. Research in

Alan C Logan

2004-01-01

91

Recognition and response: Approaches to late-life depression and mental health problems in primary care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The boundaries between what is a healthy response to stress and anxiety and what is abnormal are often difficult to determine, especially in primary care. Even symptoms of conditions such as psychoses and dementia can present as relatively normal behaviour. This paper considers depression in late life as an example of this tension. On the one hand, depressive symptoms may

Steve Iliffe

2009-01-01

92

The effectiveness of a preferred intensity exercise programme on the mental health outcomes of young people with depression: a sequential mixed methods evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background People with mental illness are more likely to suffer physical health problems than comparable populations who do not have mental illness. There is evidence to suggest that exercise, as well has having obvious physical benefits, also has positive effects on mental health. There is a distinct paucity of research testing its effects on young people seeking help for mental health issues. Additionally, it is generally found that compliance with prescribed exercise programmes is low. As such, encouraging young people to exercise at levels recommended by national guidelines may be unrealistic considering their struggle with mental health difficulties. It is proposed that an exercise intervention tailored to young people's preferred intensity may improve mental health outcomes, overall quality of life, and reduce exercise attrition rates. Methods/Design A sequential mixed methods design will be utilised to assess the effectiveness of an individually tailored exercise programme on the mental health outcomes of young people with depression. The mixed methods design incorporates a Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT), focus groups and interviews and an economic evaluation. Participants: 158 young people (14-17 years) recruited from primary care and voluntary services randomly allocated to either the intervention group or control group. Intervention group: Participants will undertake a 12 week exercise programme of 12 × 60 minutes of preferred intensity aerobic exercise receiving motivational coaching and support throughout. Participants will also be invited to attend focus groups and 1-1 interviews following completion of the exercise programme to illicit potential barriers facilitators to participation. Control group: Participants will receive treatment as usual. Primary Outcome measure: Depression using the Children's Depression Inventory 2 (CDI-2). Secondary Outcome measures: Quality of Life (EQ-5D), physical fitness (Borg RPE scale, heart rate), incidents of self-harm, treatment received and compliance with treatment, and the cost effectiveness of the intervention. Outcome measures will be taken at baseline, post intervention and 6 month follow up. Discussion The results of this study will inform policy makers of the effectiveness of preferred intensity exercise on the mental health outcomes of young people with depression, the acceptability of such an intervention to this population and its cost effectiveness. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01474837

2012-01-01

93

NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health) Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aims of this project were to select, train and monitor the performance of cognitive-behavior therapists as part of the NIMH Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. The main questions addressed were: (a) can applicants be adequately tra...

H. Merskey

1983-01-01

94

Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder among Haitian immigrant students: implications for access to mental health services and educational programming  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies of Haitian immigrant and refugee youth have emphasized "externalizing" behaviors, such as substance use, high risk sexual behavior, and delinquency, with very little information available on "internalizing" symptoms, such as depression and anxiety. Analyzing stressors and "internalizing" symptoms offers a more balanced picture of the type of social and mental health services that may be needed for this population. The present study aims to: 1) estimate the prevalence of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Haitian immigrant students; and 2) examine factors associated with depression and PTSD to identify potential areas of intervention that may enhance psychosocial health outcomes among immigrant youth from Haiti in the U.S. Methods A stratified random sample of Haitian immigrant students enrolled in Boston public high schools was selected for participation; 84% agreed to be interviewed with a standardized questionnaire. Diagnosis of depression and PTSD was ascertained using the best estimate diagnosis method. Results The prevalence estimates of depression and PTSD were 14.0% and 11.6%; 7.9% suffered from comorbid PTSD and depression. Multivariate logistic regression demonstrated factors most strongly associated with depression (history of father's death, self-report of schoolwork not going well, not spending time with friends) and PTSD (concern for physical safety, having many arguments with parents, history of physical abuse, and lack of safety of neighborhood). Conclusions A significant level of depression and PTSD was observed. Stressors subsequent to immigration, such as living in an unsafe neighborhood and concern for physical safety, were associated with an increased risk of PTSD and should be considered when developing programs to assist this population. Reducing exposure to these stressors and enhancing access to social support and appropriate school-based and mental health services may improve educational attainment and psychosocial health outcomes among Haitian immigrant youth.

2009-01-01

95

Mental Health 3: Mental Health Through Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson, from Science NetLinks, examines how mental illness has been portrayed in the arts while highlighting for students a more insightful way to further develop their ideas about human behavior. This lesson is the third of three lessons on mental health and human behavior.

Science Netlinks;

2002-07-27

96

Widening the Psychiatric gaze: reflections on PsychoDoctor, depression, and recent transitions in japanese mental health care.  

PubMed

Japan has one of the world's highest rates of psychiatric institutionalization, and popular images of mental health care and public attitudes toward mental illness there have been stigmatized for decades. However, there are transitions underway that are reshaping the mental health care landscape as well as affecting public representations of mental illness. Those transitions include attempts to promote community-based care, move away from long-term hospitalization, reduce stigma, increase utilization of services, and bring clinical psychological services under the national health insurance umbrella. This article discusses one cultural representation in which those transitions are brought into relief: a 2002 television series entitled PsychoDoctor that portrayed the clinical practice of a psychiatrist. The article analyzes the messages inherent in the series about the nature of mental illness, the everyday-ness of sufferers, and the expanded repertoire of treatments now available. In so doing, the article suggests that the efforts of progressive clinicians, pharmaceutical companies, and mental health activists to put forth new images of mental illness and mental health care are now having a degree of success in the arena of popular culture. PMID:20688796

Vickery, Ken

2010-07-01

97

Mental Health 2: Bedlam  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the second of three lessons from Science NetLinks on mental health and human behavior. This lesson gives students an up-close, personal look at Bedlam, the world's first mental health asylum, and the kind of life and treatment that mentally ill people received before the 20th century.

Science Netlinks;

2002-07-28

98

Major depressive disorder in the perinatal period: using data linkage to inform perinatal mental health policy.  

PubMed

This study aims to investigate hospital admission of major depressive disorders (MDD) before and after birth. Population data for all primiparous women admitted to the hospital with depressive disorders before and after birth were used. The comparison group consisted of 10 % of primiparous women not admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of a psychiatric disorder or substance use. A total of 728 women had a first admission with depressive disorders (501 in the first postpartum year). The rate of first hospital admission for depressive disorders decreased during pregnancy and increased markedly in the first three months after birth (peaking in the second month with a rate of 10.74/1,000 person year and rate ratio of 12.56) compared with the 6 months prior to pregnancy. Admission remained elevated in the second postpartum year. Older maternal age, smoking, elective caesarian section and admission to a neonatal intensive care unit or special care nursery were associated with a higher rate of admission. Women born outside Australia and those most socioeconomically disadvantaged were less likely to be admitted to the hospital in the first postpartum year. Overall risk of hospital admission with depressive disorders rose significantly across the entire first postpartum year. This has significant implications for policy and service planning for women with mood disorders in the perinatal period. PMID:22643848

Xu, Fenglian; Austin, Marie-Paule; Reilly, Nicole; Hilder, Lisa; Sullivan, Elizabeth A

2012-05-27

99

Mental health measures of anxiety and depression in patients with retinal detachment  

PubMed Central

In this study, the researchers examined anxious and depressive symptoms of patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) prior to and up to year after retinal detachment surgery. One hundred and thirteen (113) patients with RRD took part in this prospective longitudinal study. Anxiety and depression were evaluated using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Visual acuity (VA) results and HADS scores of all participants were recorded prior to and 3, 6 and 12 months after retinal detachment surgery. Pearson correlation analysis showed a significant association between the patients' VA and HADS psychological scores both prior to and three months after surgery, regardless of the type of surgery performed. Psychological distress is a significant problem associated with retinal detachments that requires more attention.

2007-01-01

100

Career Thoughts, Indecision, and Depression: Implications for Mental Health Assessment in Career Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relationships among dysfunctional career thoughts and career indecision with respect to symptoms of depression. Such information could be useful to counselors in identifying individuals at the outset of career counseling who may be experiencing emotional distress from life stressors in addition to career stress.…

Walker, Jerry V., III; Peterson, Gary W.

2012-01-01

101

Career Thoughts, Indecision, and Depression: Implications for Mental Health Assessment in Career Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationships among dysfunctional career thoughts and career indecision with respect to symptoms of depression. Such information could be useful to counselors in identifying individuals at the outset of career counseling who may be experiencing emotional distress from life stressors in addition to career stress.…

Walker, Jerry V., III; Peterson, Gary W.

2012-01-01

102

Depression with Diabetes May Speed Mental Decline  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Depression with diabetes may speed mental decline (*this news ... 2013) Friday, August 23, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Depression Diabetes Type 2 Mild Cognitive Impairment By Veronica ...

103

Post-conflict mental health needs: a cross-sectional survey of trauma, depression and associated factors in Juba, Southern Sudan  

PubMed Central

Background The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in January 2005 marked the end of the civil conflict in Sudan lasting over 20 years. The conflict was characterised by widespread violence and large-scale forced migration. Mental health is recognised as a key public health issue for conflict-affected populations. Studies revealed high levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) amongst populations from Southern Sudan during the conflict. However, no studies have been conducted on mental health in post-war Southern Sudan. The objective of this study was to measure PTSD and depression in the population in the town of Juba in Southern Sudan; and to investigate the association ofdemographic, displacement, and past and recent trauma exposure variables, on the outcomes of PTSD and depression. Methods A cross-sectional, random cluster survey with a sample of 1242 adults (aged over 18 years) was conducted in November 2007 in the town of Juba, the capital of Southern Sudan. Levels of exposure to traumatic events and PTSD were measured using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (original version), and levels of depression measured using the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyse the association ofdemographic, displacement and trauma exposure variables on the outcomes of PTSD and depression. Multivariate logistic regression was also conducted to investigate which demographic and displacement variables were associated with exposure to traumatic events. Results Over one third (36%) of respondents met symptom criteria for PTSD and half (50%) of respondents met symptom criteria for depression. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed strong associations of gender, marital status, forced displacement, and trauma exposure with outcomes of PTSD and depression. Men, IDPs, and refugees and persons displaced more than once were all significantly more likely to have experienced eight or more traumatic events. Conclusion This study provides evidence of high levels of mental distress in the population of Juba Town, and associated risk-factors. Comprehensive social and psychological assistance is urgently required in Juba.

Roberts, Bayard; Damundu, Eliaba Yona; Lomoro, Olivia; Sondorp, Egbert

2009-01-01

104

The Effects of a Universal Mental Health Promotion Programme on Depressive Symptoms and Other Difficulties in Year Eight High School Students in Queensland, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 20-week universal mental health promotion programme (the Aussie Optimism Program), based on cognitive–behavioural intervention\\u000a procedures and targeting cognitive and social risk and protective factors, was delivered to 417 year eight students (mean\\u000a age 13 years) from three secondary schools in Brisbane, Australia. Students were assessed with the Centre for Epidemiological\\u000a Studies Depression Scale, Children’s version, and the Strengths and Difficulties

Sarah Swannell; Matthew Hand; Graham Martin

2009-01-01

105

Depressive Symptoms, Utilization of Mental Health Care, Substance Use and Sexual Risk Among Young Men Who have Sex with Men in EXPLORE: Implications for Age-Specific Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EXPLORE study evaluated a behavioral intervention to prevent HIV infection among MSM. We examined depressive symptoms,\\u000a utilization of mental health care, substance use and HIV risk taking behaviors in YMSM aged 16–25 years compared with their\\u000a older counterparts. YMSM were more likely to report depressive symptoms (OR = 1.55) and less likely to report use of counseling\\u000a (OR = 0.39) or medication (OR = 0.20) for

Elizabeth A. Salomon; Matthew J. Mimiaga; Marla J. Husnik; Seth L. Welles; Marc W. Manseau; Arnel B. Montenegro; Steven A. Safren; Beryl A. Koblin; Margaret A. Chesney; Kenneth H. Mayer

2009-01-01

106

Mental Health and Academic Success in College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health problems represent a potentially important but relatively unexplored factor in explaining human capital accumulation during college. We conduct the first study, to our knowledge, of how mental health predicts academic success during college in a random longitudinal sample of students. We find that depression is a significant predictor of lower GPA and higher probability of dropping out, particularly

Daniel Eisenberg; Ezra Golberstein; Justin B. Hunt

2009-01-01

107

Obesity and mental health.  

PubMed

Mental health factors contribute to the onset and maintenance of overweight and obese status in children, adolescents, and adults. Binge eating disorder (BED), body image, self-esteem, mood disorders, and social and family factors affect individuals in different ways and contribute to weight gain and failure in weight loss management. Assessment of these mental health factors and treatment by 1 of several mental health treatment models may not only improve self-worth but also weight loss and maintenance. PMID:19501244

Talen, Mary R; Mann, Misty M

2009-06-01

108

Mental Health in Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States federal government has a vested interest in the mental health of children and adolescents. It considers\\u000a the current state of mental health care for children a public crisis (U.S. Public Health Service, 2000). Approximately 21%\\u000a of children and adolescents between the ages of 9 and 17 have a diagnosable mental or addictive disorder that causes at least

Trina Menden Anglin

109

Theorizing Mental Health Courts  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, no scholarly article has analyzed the theoretical basis of mental health courts, which currently exist in forty-three states. This Article examines the two utilitarian justifications proposed by mental health court advocates—therapeutic jurisprudence and therapeutic rehabilitation—and finds both insufficient. Therapeutic jurisprudence is inadequate to justify mental health courts because of its inability, by definition, to resolve significant normative conflict.

Lea Johnston

2011-01-01

110

Theorizing Mental Health Courts  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, no scholarly article has analyzed the theoretical basis of mental health courts, which currently exist in forty-three states. This Article examines the two utilitarian justifications proposed by mental health court advocates—therapeutic jurisprudence and therapeutic rehabilitation—and finds both insufficient. Therapeutic jurisprudence is inadequate to justify mental health courts because of its inability, by definition, to resolve significant normative conflict.

E. Lea Johnston

2012-01-01

111

Health beliefs and perceived need for mental health care of anxiety and depression—The patients' perspective explored  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients' illness representations and beliefs about treatment for depression and anxiety, as well as their perceived needs, are important for treatment. A systematic review was conducted of 71 studies describing the beliefs or perceived needs of patients and non-patients. Patients give multi-dimensional explanations for depression and see both psychological and medication treatment as helpful. People who suffer from depression have

Marijn A. Prins; Peter F. M. Verhaak; Jozien M. Bensing; Klaas van der Meer

2008-01-01

112

Impact of Maternal Mental Health Status on Child Mental Health Treatment Outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of maternal depression and anxiety on child treatment outcome. Psychiatric assessments were conducted on 180 mother–child pairs when the child entered treatment in a community mental health center and six months later. Children whose mothers were depressed or anxious were significantly more impaired than children of mentally healthy mothers at both time points. Both groups

Carrie W. Rishel; Catherine G. Greeno; Steven C. Marcus; Esther Sales; M. Katherine. Shear; Holly A. Swartz; Carol Anderson

2006-01-01

113

Mental Health of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A random sample of college sophomores was studied regarding their mental health status, mental health service use, and attitudes toward mental health professionals. Data were collected through home interviews and a search of the students' service records at the university. Mental health status was measured by the 22-item Midtown Mental Health Scale.Religious affiliation and performance satisfaction were both found to

Jeffrey O. Whitley

1979-01-01

114

Reducing depression in older home care clients: design of a prospective study of a nurse-led interprofessional mental health promotion intervention  

PubMed Central

Background Very little research has been conducted in the area of depression among older home care clients using personal support services. These older adults are particularly vulnerable to depression because of decreased cognition, comorbid chronic conditions, functional limitations, lack of social support, and reduced access to health services. To date, research has focused on collaborative, nurse-led depression care programs among older adults in primary care settings. Optimal management of depression among older home care clients is not currently known. The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of a 6-month nurse-led, interprofessional mental health promotion intervention aimed at older home care clients with depressive symptoms using personal support services. Methods/Design This one-group pre-test post-test study aims to recruit a total of 250 long-stay (> 60 days) home care clients, 70 years or older, with depressive symptoms who are receiving personal support services through a home care program in Ontario, Canada. The nurse-led intervention is a multi-faceted 6-month program led by a Registered Nurse that involves regular home visits, monthly case conferences, and evidence-based assessment and management of depression using an interprofessional approach. The primary outcome is the change in severity of depressive symptoms from baseline to 6 months using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies in Depression Scale. Secondary outcomes include changes in the prevalence of depressive symptoms and anxiety, health-related quality of life, cognitive function, and the rate and appropriateness of depression treatment from baseline to 12 months. Changes in the costs of use of health services will be assessed from a societal perspective. Descriptive and qualitative data will be collected to examine the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention and identify barriers and facilitators to implementation. Discussion Data collection began in May 2010 and is expected to be completed by July 2012. A collaborative nurse-led strategy may provide a feasible, acceptable and effective means for improving the health of older home care clients by improving the prevention, recognition, and management of depression in this vulnerable population. The challenges involved in designing a practical, transferable and sustainable nurse-led intervention in home care are also discussed. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01407926

2011-01-01

115

Age related differences in mental health scale scores and depression diagnosis: Adult responses to the CIDI-SF and MHI-5.  

PubMed

Inconsistencies surrounding the prevalence levels of depression in later life suggest that the measurement of depression in older people may be problematic. The current study aimed to map responses to a depressive symptom scale, the Mental Health Index-5 (MHI-5) which is part of the Short form 36 (SF-36, Ware et al., 1993) against the diagnostic screening items of the Composite International Diagnostic Instrument-Short Form (CIDI-SF, Kessler et al., 1998) to examine disagreement rates across age groups. The study examined data from a national random sample of 10,641 participants living in Ireland, 58.8% were female and 19% were over 65 (SLÁN, 2007). CIDI-SF depression screening endorsement was lower in older groups, whereas mean MHI-5 depressive symptoms showed less change across age groups. Results showed that the odds of MHI-5 endorsers aged 18-44 endorsing CIDI-SF screening questions were 5 times and 4.5 times (dysphoria and anhedonia, respectively) greater than the odds of people aged 75 or more endorsing these items. Findings suggest that although the risk of depressive disorder may decrease with age, complex diagnostic screening questions may exaggerate lower rates of depression among older people. PMID:23993442

Trainor, Katie; Mallett, John; Rushe, Teresa

2013-08-15

116

Health believes and perceived need of mental health care for anxiety and depression – the patient’s perspective explored  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients' illness representations and beliefs about treatment for depression and anxiety, as\\u000awell as their perceived needs, are important for treatment. A systematic review was\\u000aconducted of 71 studies describing the beliefs or perceived needs of patients and nonpatients.\\u000aPatients give multi-dimensional explanations for depression and see both\\u000apsychological and medication treatment as helpful. People who suffer from depression\\u000ahave

M. A. Prins; P. Verhaak; J. Bensing; K. van der Veer

2008-01-01

117

Mental Health Act Commission  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to promote a clearer under standing of the Mental Health Commission's develop ment, structure and function. Over recent years, mental health professionals and patients have become more aware of the organisation and its work, although some may remain uncertain about its function and how it fits into the overall care of detained patients. The

L. Blom-Cooper; William Bingley

1982-01-01

118

MENTAL HEALTH DIRECTORY, 1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE DIRECTORY IS INTENDED AS A REFERENCE GUIDE TO MENTAL HEALTH PROGRAMS AND SERVICES THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES. IT IS ORGANIZED INTO A FEDERAL SECTION AND A STATE AND COMMUNITY SECTION, EACH OF WHICH IS PRECEDED BY AN INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT CONCERNING THE LISTINGS IN THAT SECTION. ADDRESSES AND SHORT DESCRIPTIONS OF THE MAJOR MENTAL HEALTH

YOLLES, STANLEY F.; AND OTHERS

119

Children's Mental Health Surveillance  

MedlinePLUS

Children’s Mental Health Surveillance National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities Division of Human Development and Disability What are ... gov CDC issues first comprehensive report on children’s mental health in the United States A new report from ...

120

Social ties and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally agreed that social ties play a beneficial role in the maintenance of psychological well-being. In this targeted\\u000a review, we highlight four sets of insights that emerge from the literature on social ties and mental health outcomes (defined\\u000a as stress reactions, psychological well-being, and psychological distress, including depressive symptoms and anxiety). First,\\u000a the pathways by which social networks

Ichiro Kawachi; Lisa F. Berkman

2001-01-01

121

76 FR 15989 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of...National Institute of Mental Health Special Emphasis...Rapidly-Acting Treatments for Treatment- Resistant Depression (RAPID). Date...National Institute of Mental Health, NIH,...

2011-03-22

122

The Experience and Expression of Anger: Relationships With Gender, Gender Role Socialization, Depression, and Mental Health Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 445 female and 260 male college students, we investigated relationships between the experience and expression of anger and gender, gender role characteristics, and several mental health variables. Factor analyses of 17 measures of anger, aggressiveness, and hostility revealed a 3-factor pattern of aggressive acting-out, high anger proneness and poorly controlled verbally expressed anger, and anger suppression.

Beverly A. Kopper; Douglas L. Epperson

1996-01-01

123

How depression and other mental health problems can affect future living standards of those out of the labour force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To estimate the extent to which those who exit the workforce early due to mental health problems have less savings by the time they reach retirement age.Methods: Using Health&WealthMOD – a microsimulation model of Australians aged 45–64 years that predicts accumulated savings at age 65, regression models were used to analyse the differences between the projected savings and the

Deborah J. Schofield; Simon J. Kelly; Rupendra N. Shrestha; Emily J. Callander; Richard Percival; Megan E. Passey

2011-01-01

124

Defining mental health and mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key featuresDiscussion of the terminological confusion that exists in relation to issues associated with mental health.  The scale of individual suffering from mental health problems and illness among young people.  The worldwide phenomenon of the stigmatization of mental illness, originating during childhood.

Sharon Leighton; Nisha Dogra

125

MentalHealth.net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is an excellent resource for anyone seeking the latest issues surrounding mental health topics. It is designed and maintained by Clinical Psychologists and is "dedicated to educating the public about mental health, wellness, and family and relationship issues and concerns." In existence since 1995, the site provides featured topics, essays and articles, as well as latest news sections. In addition to these tools, weblogs, podcasts, and a questions and answers section are available. This site will be a valuable resource for any student, instructor or professional in the mental health field.

2007-08-23

126

Predictors of Depressive Symptomatology Among Lower Social Class Caregivers of Persons with Chronic Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the predictors of depressive symptomatology among caregivers of persons with chronic mental illness. Data were collected through in-person interviews with family caregivers of 103 adults with chronic mental illness who were served by mental health case management agencies. The results indicated that insufficiency of overall social support was the most powerful predictor of caregiver depressive symptomatology. In

Li-Yu Song; David E. Biegel; Sharon E. Milligan

1997-01-01

127

Predictors of suicidality in depressive spectrum disorders in the general population: results of the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  The aim was to assess determinants of suicidality (suicidal ideation and suicide attempts) in a general population cohort\\u000a with depressive spectrum disorders, and to compare determinants for suicidal ideation and determinants for suicide attempts\\u000a in this cohort.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  The Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study is a epidemiologic survey in the adult population (N = 7,076), using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview

Jan Spijker; Ron de Graaf; Margreet ten Have; Willem A. Nolen; Anne Speckens

2010-01-01

128

Depression and public health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depressive disorders are a significant public health issue. They are prevalent, disabling, often chronic illnesses, which cause a high economic burden for society, related to both direct and indirect costs. Depressive disorders also influence significantly the outcome of comorbid medical illnesses such as cardiac diseases, diabetes, and cancer. In primary care, underrecognition and undertreatment of depressive disorders are common, despite

Paolo Cassano; Maurizio Fava

2002-01-01

129

Mental Health Matters  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mental Health Matters is a collection of various mental health articles which cover topics such as psychological disorders and treatments for mental illnesses. The site is easy to navigate and users can choose from disorders, symptoms, medications, and treatments. Once a visitor chooses a subfield from the homepage, they are provided with another set of choices which contain more specific information on the various main topics. The site is also designed so that users can search by disorder or category to find the appropriate information to answer their queries.

2007-08-13

130

Maternal pre- and postnatal mental health trajectories and child mental health and development: Prospective study in a normative and formerly infertile sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pregnancy and early motherhood involve uncertainty and change, which can evoke mental health problems. We identified maternal mental health trajectories in pre- and postnatal period, and examined their association with later child mental health and development. Finnish mothers reported psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire [GHQ-36]) and depressive (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI-13]) symptoms in pregnancy (T1; N = 788) and two

Mervi Vänskä; Raija-Leena Punamäki; Asko Tolvanen; Jallu Lindblom; Marjo Flykt; Leila Unkila-Kallio; Aila Tiitinen; Leena Repokari; Jari Sinkkonen; Maija Tulppala

2011-01-01

131

Self versus Others' Perception of Youths' Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data was analyzed in the National Longitudinal Survey Study from 1997 specifically relating to questions regarding depression in youth. In the analysis it was found that how the respondent defined their own depression and poor mental health was different than the perceptions about their mental health from those that live with them in the same…

Viviano, Thomas A.

2010-01-01

132

Depressive symptoms, utilization of mental health care, substance use and sexual risk among young men who have sex with men in EXPLORE: implications for age-specific interventions.  

PubMed

The EXPLORE study evaluated a behavioral intervention to prevent HIV infection among MSM. We examined depressive symptoms, utilization of mental health care, substance use and HIV risk taking behaviors in YMSM aged 16-25 years compared with their older counterparts. YMSM were more likely to report depressive symptoms (OR = 1.55) and less likely to report use of counseling (OR = 0.39) or medication (OR = 0.20) for psychiatric conditions. YMSM were more likely to report heavy alcohol and drug use. YMSM more often reported engaging in unprotected insertive (OR = 1.60) and receptive (OR = 2.07) anal intercourse with presumed HIV-uninfected partners, and unprotected receptive (OR = 1.72) anal intercourse with partners of unknown-HIV status. These findings suggest the need for more appropriate and accessible mental health care and substance use services for YMSM. Additionally, HIV prevention work with this population should provide comprehensive education about HIV testing and risk reduction counseling that focuses on communication about serostatus and safety in sexual situations. PMID:18709453

Salomon, Elizabeth A; Mimiaga, Matthew J; Husnik, Marla J; Welles, Seth L; Manseau, Marc W; Montenegro, Arnel B; Safren, Steven A; Koblin, Beryl A; Chesney, Margaret A; Mayer, Kenneth H

2008-08-15

133

Validation of cross-cultural child mental health and psychosocial research instruments: adapting the Depression Self-Rating Scale and Child PTSD Symptom Scale in Nepal  

PubMed Central

Background The lack of culturally adapted and validated instruments for child mental health and psychosocial support in low and middle-income countries is a barrier to assessing prevalence of mental health problems, evaluating interventions, and determining program cost-effectiveness. Alternative procedures are needed to validate instruments in these settings. Methods Six criteria are proposed to evaluate cross-cultural validity of child mental health instruments: (i) purpose of instrument, (ii) construct measured, (iii) contents of construct, (iv) local idioms employed, (v) structure of response sets, and (vi) comparison with other measurable phenomena. These criteria are applied to transcultural translation and alternative validation for the Depression Self-Rating Scale (DSRS) and Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) in Nepal, which recently suffered a decade of war including conscription of child soldiers and widespread displacement of youth. Transcultural translation was conducted with Nepali mental health professionals and six focus groups with children (n = 64) aged 11-15 years old. Because of the lack of child mental health professionals in Nepal, a psychosocial counselor performed an alternative validation procedure using psychosocial functioning as a criterion for intervention. The validation sample was 162 children (11-14 years old). The Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (K-SADS) and Global Assessment of Psychosocial Disability (GAPD) were used to derive indication for treatment as the external criterion. Results The instruments displayed moderate to good psychometric properties: DSRS (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.82, sensitivity = 0.71, specificity = 0.81, cutoff score ? 14); CPSS (AUC = 0.77, sensitivity = 0.68, specificity = 0.73, cutoff score ? 20). The DSRS items with significant discriminant validity were "having energy to complete daily activities" (DSRS.7), "feeling that life is not worth living" (DSRS.10), and "feeling lonely" (DSRS.15). The CPSS items with significant discriminant validity were nightmares (CPSS.2), flashbacks (CPSS.3), traumatic amnesia (CPSS.8), feelings of a foreshortened future (CPSS.12), and easily irritated at small matters (CPSS.14). Conclusions Transcultural translation and alternative validation feasibly can be performed in low clinical resource settings through task-shifting the validation process to trained mental health paraprofessionals using structured interviews. This process is helpful to evaluate cost-effectiveness of psychosocial interventions.

2011-01-01

134

Mental Health, Racism, and Sexism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume, successor to the 1973 volume "Racism and Mental Health," presents a range of perspectives on mental health, prejudice, and discrimination. Contributors are of multiracial, multiethnic, and gender-diverse backgrounds. They use their existential experiences to analyze pressing mental health and mental illness issues. Contributions…

Willie, Charles V., Ed.; And Others

135

Rural Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing affordable and comprehensive metal health services for those who need these services is a tremendous challenge for the helping professions. The demand for services across the nation exceeds the ability of the mental health community to provide them. This is especially true for rural communities. DeLeon (2000) reported that even though 25% of the citizens of the United States

DAVID L. FENELL; ALAN J. HOVESTADT

136

Mental Health Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines mental health issues among women of different sexual orientations. An anonymous survey was administered at 33 health care sites across the United States; the sample (N = 1304) included lesbians (n = 524), bisexual (n = 143) and heterosexual women (n = 637). Not only did sexual orientation influence the probability of experiencing emotional stress, but also

Audrey S. Koh; Leslie K. Ross

2006-01-01

137

Understanding Your Mental Health Insurance  

MedlinePLUS

... PDF version of this document . Insurance benefits for mental health services have changed a lot in recent years. ... health care. It is important to understand your mental health care coverage so that you can be an ...

138

Atheism and mental health.  

PubMed

The exploration of the impact of religiosity on mental health is an enduring, if somewhat quiet, tradition. There has been virtually no exploration, however, of the influence of atheism on mental health. Though not a "religion," atheism can be an orienting worldview that is often consciously chosen by its adherents, who firmly believe in the "truth" of atheism-a phenomenon known as "positive atheism." Atheism, especially positive atheism, is currently enjoying something of a renaissance in the Western liberal democracies-a trend often referred to as the "new atheism." I argue that atheism, especially positive atheism, should be treated as a meaningful sociocultural variable in the study of mental health. I argue that atheism (just like theism) is an appropriate domain of study for social and cultural psychiatrists (and allied social scientists) interested in exploring socio-environmental stressors and buffers relating to mental health. Specifically, I argue that (1) atheism needs to be accurately measured as an individual-level exposure variable, with the aim of relating that variable to psychiatric outcomes, (2) there needs to be greater systematic investigation into the influence of atheism on psychiatry as an institution, and (3) the relation of atheism to mental health needs to be explored by examining atheistic theory and its practical application, especially as it relates to the human condition, suffering, and concepts of personhood. PMID:20415634

Whitley, Rob

139

Treating Older Persons with Severe Mental Illness in the Community: Impact of an Interdisciplinary Geriatric Mental Health Team  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little information is available concerning community-based interventions to treat the growing number older persons with severe mental illness. This study examined treatment efficacy of a specialized interdisciplinary geriatric mental health team (mental health geriatric interdisciplinary teams or MHGITs) for 69 older clients with severe mental disorders. Depression, life satisfaction, health, and psychiatric and medical hospitalization data were gathered. A decrease

Sherry M. Cummings

2008-01-01

140

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the National Institutes of Health, NIMH is focused on mental health: Depression, Anxiety Disorders, Alzheimer's Disease, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Schizophrenia, etc. The site contains items of interest to the researcher (news & events, grants, contracts, & committees, and research activities) as well as the lay person (the public information section provides specifics on "mental disorders, diagnosis and treatment," as well as links to other NIMH programs such as D/ART, the Depression Awareness Recognition Treatment Program). Additionally, NIMH organizational and directory information is available. The site can be searched, through either a simple or an advanced search interface.

1997-01-01

141

Correlates of Child Mental Health and Mental Health Services Use.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was designed to present a method of identifying children (ages less than 21) with mental health conditions in the United States and to use those definitions to understand the utilization and expenditure patterns of children with mental health...

M. L. Ganz

2004-01-01

142

Perceived helpfulness of websites for mental health information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Despite the high risk of developing a mental disorder during adolescence, many young people fail to receive appropriate treatment\\u000a from mental health professionals. Recent studies have found certain mental health information websites have improved mental\\u000a health literacy and reduced symptoms of depression. However, studies exploring young people’s perceptions of such resources\\u000a still remain scarce. The current paper compared young people’s

Elizabeth Oh; Anthony F. Jorm; Annemarie Wright

2009-01-01

143

The mental health of prisoners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health problems are the most significant cause of morbidity in prisons. Over 90% of prisoners have a mental disorder. The prison environment and the rules and regimes governing daily life inside prison can be seriously detrimental to mental health. Prisoners have received very poor health care and, until recently, the National Health Service (NHS) had no obligations to service

Luke Birmingham

2003-01-01

144

Selected Mental Health Audiovisuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are approximately 2,300 abstracts on audio-visual Materials--films, filmstrips, audiotapes, and videotapes--related to mental health. Each citation includes material title; name, address, and phone number of film distributor; rental and purchase prices; technical information; and a description of the contents. Abstracts are listed in…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.

145

Lifestyle and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mental health professionals have significantly underestimated the importance of lifestyle factors (a) as contributors to and treatments for multiple psychopathologies, (b) for fostering individual and social well-being, and (c) for preserving and optimizing cognitive function. Consequently, therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLCs) are underutilized…

Walsh, Roger

2011-01-01

146

Lifestyle and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health professionals have significantly underestimated the importance of lifestyle factors (a) as contributors to and treatments for multiple psychopathologies, (b) for fostering individual and social well-being, and (c) for preserving and optimizing cognitive function. Consequently, therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLCs) are underutilized despite considerable evidence of their effectiveness in both clinical and normal populations. TLCs are sometimes as effective as

Roger Walsh

2011-01-01

147

Selected Mental Health Audiovisuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are approximately 2,300 abstracts on audio-visual Materials--films, filmstrips, audiotapes, and videotapes--related to mental health. Each citation includes material title; name, address, and phone number of film distributor; rental and purchase prices; technical information; and a description of the contents. Abstracts are listed in…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.

148

Mental Health Treatment Program Locator  

MedlinePLUS

... County or Zip By Name Other Links State Mental Health Agencies Frequently Asked Questions Links Comments or Questions ... a Facility in Your State To locate the mental health treatment programs nearest you, find your State on ...

149

Defining 'Mental Illness' In Mental Health Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: Mental health policy is shaped,fundamentally,by the definition of mental,ill- ness associated,with the policy. Changing policies reflect changing,definitions. At various times, the definition may be narrow or broad with respect to the scope of conditions cov- ered by a specific policy. The priority accorded,to impairment,severity is the most crucial and enduring policy issue related to the definition of mental illness

Howard H. Goldman; Gerald N. Grob

2006-01-01

150

Mental health concerns of gay and bisexual men seeking mental health services.  

PubMed

Little data exist about the mental health needs of gay and bisexual men. This is due to limitations of existing studies such as small and nonrepresentative samples, failure to assess sexual orientation, and concerns about stigmatization, possibly causing sexual minority individuals to be reluctant to disclose their sexual orientation to researchers. Fenway Community Health is a large urban health center that serves the LGBT community. The large number of gay and bisexual men who present for mental health treatment allows for a unique opportunity to gain insight into mental health, prevention, and intervention needs for this group. The current study is a review of the mental health information from all of the gay and bisexual men who reported that they were HIV-negative during their mental health intake over a six-month period at Fenway Community Health (January to June 2000; N = 92). The most frequent presenting problems were depression, anxiety, and relationship issues. Additionally, presenting problems included current or past abuse, substance abuse, finance and employment, recent loss, and family issues. The most frequent diagnoses were depression, anxiety disorders, and adjustment disorders. These findings support the notion that presenting problems and mental health concerns among gay and bisexual men are similar to those frequently reported by individuals in other mental health facilities, however, specific psychosocial stressors are unique to this population. PMID:18825866

Berg, Michael B; Mimiaga, Matthew J; Safren, Steven A

2008-01-01

151

Mental health crisis in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last 30 years, California dejure (legislated) mental health policy has been based on deinstitutionalization and outpatient\\u000a care through community mental health systems. But by the end of the 1970s, there was a growing concern over whether deinstitutionalization\\u000a had successfully occurred, whether community mental health systems had failed and whether mental health systems had ever been\\u000a adequately funded. In

Donna R. Kemp

1991-01-01

152

Mental Health Program Reports - 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The volume is reported to reflect the broad range of National Institute of Mental Health activities in areas of research, development of mental health manpower, and delivery of mental health services. Twenty papers examine, respectively, relationship of life histories and biochemistry of siblings and twins to schizophrenia, training of Navaho…

Segal, Julius, Ed.

153

Mental Health Program Reports - 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume is reported to reflect the broad range of National Institute of Mental Health activities in areas of research, development of mental health manpower, and delivery of mental health services. Twenty papers examine, respectively, relationship of life histories and biochemistry of siblings and twins to schizophrenia, training of Navaho…

Segal, Julius, Ed.

154

The HIV mental health spectrum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing mental health needs that are related to HIV are immense and diverse. The HIV mental health spectrum is a model that identifies and characterizes populations in need of HIV-related services which can be offered by Community Mental Health Centers. The spectrum describes the specialized service requirements for each of these populations, the challenges in providing these services, and

Michael D. Knox; Maryann Davis; Martha A. Friedrich

1994-01-01

155

Young people with depression and their experience accessing an enhanced primary care service for youth with emerging mental health problems: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the emergence of mental health problems during adolescence and early adulthood, many young people encounter difficulties accessing appropriate services. In response to this gap, the Australian Government recently established new enhanced primary care services (headspace) that target young people with emerging mental health problems. In this study, we examine the experience of young people with depression accessing one of these services, with a focus on understanding how they access the service and the difficulties they encounter in the process. Method Individual, in-depth, audio-recorded interviews were used to collect data. Twenty-six young people with depression were recruited from a headspace site in Melbourne, Australia. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to analyse the data. Results Four overlapping themes were identified in the data. First, school counsellors as access mediators, highlights the prominent role school counsellors have in facilitating student access to the service. Second, location as an access facilitator and inhibitor. Although the service is accessible by public transport, it is less so to those who do not live near public transport. Third, encountering barriers accessing the service initially. Two main service access barriers were experienced: unfamiliarity with the service, and delays in obtaining initial appointments for ongoing therapy. Finally, the service’s funding model acts as an access facilitator and barrier. While the model provides a low or no cost services initially, it limits the number of funded sessions, and this can be problematic. Conclusions Young people have contrasting experiences accessing the service. School counsellors have an influential role in facilitating access, and its close proximity to public transport enhances access. The service needs to become more prominent in young people’s consciousness, while the appointment system would benefit from providing more timely appointments with therapists. The service’s funding model is important in enabling access initially to young people from low socioeconomic backgrounds, but the government needs to reassess the model for those who require additional support.

2012-01-01

156

Mental Health Needs of Arab Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers indicate that the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in the Arab region is similar to that found in other parts of the world. Women, in particular, are more likely to suffer various disorders including depression, anxiety disorders, somatization, and eating disorders. In this article, the author highlights some of the research on the mental health needs of Arab women. Consideration

Aisha Hamdan

2009-01-01

157

School Mental Health Resources and Adolescent Mental Health Service Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Although schools are identified as critical for detecting youth mental disorders, little is known about whether the number of mental health providers and types of resources that they offer influence student mental health service use. Such information could inform the development and allocation of appropriate school-based resources to…

Green, Jennifer Greif; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Alegria, Margarita; Costello, E. Jane; Gruber, Michael J.; Hoagwood, Kimberly; Leaf, Philip J.; Olin, Serene; Sampson, Nancy A.; Kessler, Ronald C.

2013-01-01

158

Mental Health and Maori Development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objective of this paper is to illustrate trends in Maori health, examine earlier health policies and to suggest avenues for improved mental health.Method: Several sources of historical and contemporary data have been reviewed and there has been some analysis of mental health policies as they relate to Maori. The interplay between culture, socioeconomic circumstances and personal health has

Mason Durie

1999-01-01

159

Mental Health and Stress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project collects resources for studying mental health and stress issues with middle schoolers. Teens and stress Science NetLinks: The Laughing Brain 2: A Good Laugh Dealing with anger Stress-o-meter Look at each of the above sites. Choose one and read the content. Write a one-paragraph summary. Play interactive games and take quizzes. Keep a log of what you do. Tell which site you liked best and why. ...

Falconer, Mrs.

2007-03-18

160

What Is Infant Mental Health?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Unfortunately, the term "infant mental health" can be confusing for some people because it may be understood as translating into "mental illness." Others may not appreciate that babies and toddlers have the capacity to experience complex emotions. The Guest Editors of this issue of the Journal explore the meaning of infant mental health.|

Osofsky, Joy D.; Thomas, Kandace

2012-01-01

161

Mental Health, United States, 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents timely statistical information on the nation's organized mental health service delivery system. Included are: (1) "Chronic Mental Disorder in the United States" (Howard H. Goldman and Ronald W. Manderscheid); (2) "Specialty Mental Health System Characteristics" (Michael J. Witkin, Joanne E. Atay, Adele S. Fell, and Ronald…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

162

The Need for Mental Health Promotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the concept and evidence for mental health promotion, within an understanding of mental health and mental illness and their determinants.Method: Aselective review of literature and opinion in the fields of public health and mental health.Results: Mental health and mental illness are often given a low priority, despite growing evidence of the burden of disease and costs to

Helen Herrman

2001-01-01

163

Women's mental health: an overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women often have different outcomes and experiences with mental illness compared to men. However, there is still a ‘gender-blind’ approach to the understanding and development of new treatments for mental illness. The emphasis is on: women and schizophrenia, depression in women and existing sex differences in anxiety disorders (including phobias, agoraphobia, panic disorder, generalised anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder).

Jayashri Kulkarni

2006-01-01

164

Women’s mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women often have different outcomes and experiences with mental illness compared to men. However, there is still a ‘gender-blind’ approach to the understanding and development of new treatments for mental illness. The emphasis is on women and schizophrenia, depression in women and existing sex differences in anxiety disorders (including phobias, agoraphobia, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder).

Jayashri Kulkarni

2007-01-01

165

Geriatric mental health: An overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The well-being of older adults is a major social and health concern in the United States. Of particular import is the mental health of the expanding older adult population. Older adults often receive inadequate or inappropriate mental health services. Provision of appropriate, efficacious care is a challenge because of the complexity of determining the differential diagnosis of health problems in

Diana Lynn Morris

2001-01-01

166

Mental Health, United States, 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data presented in the fifth edition of 'Mental Health, United States' derive principally from national surveys. For the first time, the volume includes a chapter that highlights the characteristics of seriously mentally ill persons in the household popula...

R. W. Manderscheid M. A. Sonnenschein

1992-01-01

167

The Mental Health Aspects of Health Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides an overview of the mental health system as it relates to the general health system and especially as it relates to overall health planning under the National Health Planning and Resources Development Act. There is a need for the staff persons of the health planning agencies and the staff persons of local and state mental

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

168

Problem-solving therapy for depression and common mental disorders in Zimbabwe: piloting a task-shifting primary mental health care intervention in a population with a high prevalence of people living with HIV  

PubMed Central

Background There is limited evidence that interventions for depression and other common mental disorders (CMD) can be integrated sustainably into primary health care in Africa. We aimed to pilot a low-cost multi-component 'Friendship Bench Intervention' for CMD, locally adapted from problem-solving therapy and delivered by trained and supervised female lay workers to learn if was feasible and possibly effective as well as how best to implement it on a larger scale. Method We trained lay workers for 8 days in screening and monitoring CMD and in delivering the intervention. Ten lay workers screened consecutive adult attenders who either were referred or self-referred to the Friendship Bench between July and December 2007. Those scoring above the validated cut-point of the Shona Symptom Questionnaire (SSQ) for CMD were potentially eligible. Exclusions were suicide risk or very severe depression. All others were offered 6 sessions of problem-solving therapy (PST) enhanced with a component of activity scheduling. Weekly nurse-led group supervision and monthly supervision from a mental health specialist were provided. Data on SSQ scores at 6 weeks after entering the study were collected by an independent research nurse. Lay workers completed a brief evaluation on their experiences of delivering the intervention. Results Of 395 potentially eligible, 33 (8%) were excluded due to high risk. Of the 362 left, 2% (7) declined and 10% (35) were lost to follow-up leaving an 88% response rate (n = 320). Over half (n = 166, 52%) had presented with an HIV-related problem. Mean SSQ score fell from 11.3 (sd 1.4) before treatment to 6.5 (sd 2.4) after 3-6 sessions. The drop in SSQ scores was proportional to the number of sessions attended. Nine of the ten lay workers rated themselves as very able to deliver the PST intervention. Conclusion We have found preliminary evidence of a clinically meaningful improvement in CMD associated with locally adapted problem-solving therapy delivered by lay health workers through routine primary health care in an African setting. There is a need to test the effectiveness of this task-shifting mental health intervention in an appropriately powered randomised controlled trial. Trial registration ISRCTN: ISRCTN25476759

2011-01-01

169

Mental Health Among Farmworkers in the Eastern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Farmworker mental health research is sparse, particularly in the eastern United States. Nevertheless, available evidence suggests\\u000a that 20–50% of farmworkers have poor mental health as indicated by elevated symptoms of depression or anxiety, frequent heavy\\u000a alcohol consumption, or recent experiences of lay-defined illnesses like susto or nervios. Farmworkers’ poor mental health\\u000a likely results from a variety of structural and social

Joseph G. Grzywacz

170

Coordination: Health Planning and Community Mental Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Similarities between health systems agencies (HSA's) and community mental health centers (CMHC's) and incentives for coordination between the two types of agencies are reviewed. Because of rising health care costs and greater limitations on health care re...

B. R. Hagebak

1979-01-01

171

WAR & Military Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Involvement in warfare can have dramatic consequences for the mental health and well-being of military personnel. During the 20th century, US military psychiatrists tried to deal with these consequences while contributing to the military goal of preserving manpower and reducing the debilitating impact of psychiatric syndromes by implementing screening programs to detect factors that predispose individuals to mental disorders, providing early intervention strategies for acute war-related syndromes, and treating long-term psychiatric disability after deployment. The success of screening has proven disappointing, the effects of treatment near the front lines are unclear, and the results of treatment for chronic postwar syndromes are mixed. After the Persian Gulf War, a number of military physicians made innovative proposals for a population-based approach, anchored in primary care instead of specialty-based care. This approach appears to hold the most promise for the future.

Pols, Hans; Oak, Stephanie

2007-01-01

172

Mental health monopoly: Corporate trends in mental health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 30 years, a number of important changes have occured in the mental health system. This paper examines the origins and effects of these changes, utilizing a political-economic framework. Three main areas are emphasized: the increasing absorption of mental health care into the health care system in general; the ways in which care has been transferred away from

Phil Brown; Elizabeth Cooksey

1989-01-01

173

Mental depression and death in elderly persons.  

PubMed

To investigate the relationship between mental depression and death among elderly persons, a prospective study was conducted. 2,166 inhabitants aged from 60 to 74 years in the Hidaka district of Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan were employed. From December 1990 to January 1991 we estimated the degree of depression of the subjects, using the self-rating depression scale (SDS) developed by Zung. The subjects were classified into 3 groups according to the average SDS score (Group A, < 2.00; Group B, 2.00-2.39 and Group C, > or = 2.40), and were followed up periodically until February 1995 to confirm whether they were still alive. The highest mortality was noted in Group C which consisted of those who had severe depression. Their mortalities for cancer, pneumonia and suicide were significantly high. After the adjustment of age, number of current diseases, smoking state and sex, a similar tendency was noted. Mental depression increased mortality of the aged. Part of this mechanism might be explained by the suppression of immunological resistance. PMID:9465545

Takeida, K; Nishi, M; Miyake, H

1997-12-01

174

Synergy: Australian Transcultural Mental Health Network Newsletter, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Each issue in the 2001 edition of the Australian Transcultural Mental Health Network (ATMHN) newsletter represents a theme critical to mental health practitioners. The Spring/Summer 2001 issue features articles on building communities of support for refugees, providing support to these families in cultural transitions, and studying depression

Baldwin, Sandee, Ed.

2001-01-01

175

Preventing mental health problems among lesbian and gay college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adults who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual experience major stresses in managing their sexual orientation. They are at risk for serious mental health problems, including suicide and depression. The mental health concerns of lesbian and gay male college students are reviewed. These problems result from the difficulties involved in developing a lesbian or gay personal identity, and are

Anthony R. D'Augelli

1993-01-01

176

Research Highlights 1984: National Institute of Mental Health Extramural Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides a cross-sectional view of some National Institute of Mental Health sponsored research projects that have crested, or are otherwise noteworthy, in the period between 1983 and mid-1984. Contents: Schizophrenic disorders; Depression and m...

1985-01-01

177

Mental Health and Aging: A Series of Multimedia Community Workshops.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project involved the development of three comprehensive packaged multimedia workshops focused on mental health concerns in later life: The Second Story (loss and grief), The Final Course (depression and suicide) and Winter Comforts (alcohol problems)....

V. L. Schmall

1991-01-01

178

The Mental Health Aspects of Health Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is need for both the staff persons and governing body members of the health planning agencies and the staff persons and board members of local and state mental health agencies to have a clearer notion of the mental health aspects of health planning ...

1977-01-01

179

Mental Health in the Workplace: Situation Analyses, Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

[From Introduction] Mental health problems are among the most important contributors to the global burden of disease and disability. Of the ten leading causes of disability worldwide, five are psychiatric conditions: unipolar depression, alcohol use, bipolar affective disorder (manic depression), schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder.\\u000aThe burden of mental disorders on health and productivity throughout the world has long been profoundly

Marjo-Riitta Liimatainen

2000-01-01

180

Mental health care in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Germany turned towards community-based mental health care in the mid seventies, during a general climate of social and political\\u000a reform. The continuing deinstitutionalisation process and the implementation of community mental health services was considerably\\u000a affected by the reunification of East and West Germany in 1990, which required dramatic changes in the structure and quality\\u000a of the mental health care system

Hans Joachim Salize; Wulf Rössler; Thomas Becker

2007-01-01

181

Georgia mental health country profile.  

PubMed

This article is on the mental health of the population of Georgia describing context and mental health needs, extrinsic and intrinsic influences on mental health in the country, and health and social services for people with mental health problems and mental illnesses. The mental health profile of Georgia has been compiled with the help of an instrument developed by the International Consortium on Mental Health. Georgia is one of the former republics of the USSR with a population of about 4.5 million people. Political, social and economic changes have led to wide scale social stress in Georgia in recent years and to related psychosocial and behavioural problems. Difficult economic conditions and internal displacement are thought to be key contributory factors to the three-fold increase in suicide experienced during the decade following independence. Georgia has produced a written mental health policy. However, its implementation is hampered by the lack of resources, training and community awareness. The Government has passed a Mental Health Act, but this is also ineffective at present due to a lack of staff, financing and appropriate facilities. PMID:15276943

Sharashidze, Manana; Naneishvili, George; Silagadze, Temuri; Begiashvili, Archil; Sulaberidze, Beso; Beria, Zurab

182

Perspectives: A Mental Health Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Perspectives, provided by Mental Health Net, is a quarterly online magazine devoted to mental health. It features short (usually less than 2,000 word) articles about all aspects of its topic. The Vol. 1, No. 4 issue contains articles on Prozac, loneliness, and managed care, among others. It also includes a regular column on "Being Human." Archives are available at the site, as are submission guidelines. Mental Health Net is a well known "comprehensive guide to mental health online," with pointers to resources in the field, arranged by topic and resource type.

1996-01-01

183

The functional neuroanatomy of mental pain in depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed at determining the functional neuroanatomy of mental pain, a hitherto neglected symptom in the study of depression, which according to DSM-IV is stronglylinked with suicide. Mental pain (measured with the Orbach & Mikulincer Mental Pain Scale), suicidal ideation (measured using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression), hopelessness (measured using Beck's Hopelessness Scale), and regional cerebral blood flow

Kees van Heeringen; Dirk Van den Abbeele; Myriam Vervaet; Lieslot Soenen; Kurt Audenaert

2010-01-01

184

Community mental health services in The Netherlands: Quo Vadis?  

PubMed Central

Short description of the workshop The workshop leaders will present a panoramic view of the community mental health care in Holland: some figures of psychiatric disorders, organizational features of mental health care, treatment of depression and anxiety disorders in primary health care, treatment and care of the severe mentally ill and public mental health solutions. They will show examples of community mental health care and indicate innovations and future trends. Discussion Advantages and disadvantages of the system will be discussed and compared with arrangements of community mental healthcare in other countries. In an interactive way participants will be invited to indicate their community mental health care so that the workshop gives the opportunity to compare and weigh current community-based care for psychiatric patients and new directions.

van Splunteren, Peter; van de Lindt, Simone

2010-01-01

185

Experiences in Rural Mental Health. VI; Programming School Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on a North Carolina feasibility study (1967-73) which focused on development of a pattern for providing comprehensive mental health services to rural people, this guide deals with programming school mental health in Vance and Franklin counties. Detailing both successes and failures, this booklet presents the following program activities:…

Hollister, William G.; And Others

186

Community mental health centers and community mental health ideology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the adherence of two community mental health center staffs to community mental health ideology, as measured by the Baker-Schulberg CMHI Scale, was conducted. The results for equivalent populations were the same as those of the only previously reported study, indicating the CMHI Scale is a reliable, useful research tool. Significant relationships were found between scores and a)

Robert D. Langston

1970-01-01

187

[Psychiatry and mental health in Morocco].  

PubMed

Morocco has a population of some thirty million inhabitants, a very large proportion of whom are young. Mental health and psychiatry are dealt with jointly by the university, public, private, and military sectors. Despite significant progress in the last twenty years, there are still no more than 350 psychiatrists in Morocco (thirty years ago there were fewer than ten...), plus about 60 clinical psychologists, about 400 nurses specializing in psychiatry, and social workers. There are about 1900 psychiatric beds in both specialized hospitals and general hospital psychiatry units located in the main cities. In the teaching sector there are currently four university psychiatry departments, with a total of five full professors, six associate professors and five assistant professors. The National Mental Health Program, launched in 1974 and revised in 1994, was not properly implemented. Several NGOs also work in psychiatry and mental health, including the League for Mental Health and five patient associations. A national survey of the prevalence of mental disorders, completed in 2003 but only made public in 2007, represented a watershed for psychiatry in Morocco: 48.9% of a sample of 5600 persons representative of the general population were found to have a mental disorder, and 26.5% of respondents were depressed. This survey is an invaluable reference for years to come, helping to match mental healthcare provision with real needs. Research activity has also progressed since the early 1980s, as reflected by the number and quality of publications in the different fields, including epidemiology, biological psychiatry, social psychiatry, psychopharmacology and clinical psychopathology. Cultural aspects are a special research focus (suicide and religion, cannabis use, traditional treatments, etc.). International university collaboration has been especially important for Moroccan research. However, despite major progress over the last three decades in the fields of psychiatry and mental health, much remains to be done, notably to bolster child and adolescent psychiatry, and to manage mental illness in small towns and villages, including in the remotest regions. PMID:18225431

Moussaoui, Driss

188

Mental Illness and Mental Health: The Two Continua Model Across the Lifespan  

PubMed Central

Mental health has long been defined as the absence of psychopathologies, such as depression and anxiety. The absence of mental illness, however, is a minimal outcome from a psychological perspective on lifespan development. This article therefore focuses on mental illness as well as on three core components of positive mental health: feelings of happiness and satisfaction with life (emotional well-being), positive individual functioning in terms of self-realization (psychological well-being), and positive societal functioning in terms of being of social value (social well-being). The two continua model holds that mental illness and mental health are related but distinct dimensions. This model was studied on the basis of a cross-sectional representative internet survey of Dutch adults (N = 1,340; 18–87 years). Mental illness was measured with the Brief Symptom Inventory and mental health with the Mental Health Continuum Short Form. It was found that older adults, except for the oldest-old, scored lower on psychopathological symptoms and were less likely to be mentally ill than younger adults. Although there were fewer age differences for mental health, older adults experienced more emotional, similar social and slightly lower psychological well-being. In sum, today’s older adults have fewer mental illness problems, but they are not in a better positive mental health than today’s younger adults. These findings support the validity of the two continua model in adult development.

Keyes, Corey L. M.

2009-01-01

189

Have Broad-Based Community and Professional Education Programs Influenced Mental Health Literacy and Treatment Seeking of those with Major Depression and Suicidal Ideation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Mental health literacy" is the knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid in their recognition, management, or prevention; it is also a determinant of help seeking. As such, it is presumed to be important in community suicide prevention programs. In Australia there have been a number of government, professional, and charitable…

Goldney, Robert D.; Fisher, Laura J.

2008-01-01

190

Have Broad-Based Community and Professional Education Programs Influenced Mental Health Literacy and Treatment Seeking of those with Major Depression and Suicidal Ideation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Mental health literacy" is the knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid in their recognition, management, or prevention; it is also a determinant of help seeking. As such, it is presumed to be important in community suicide prevention programs. In Australia there have been a number of government, professional, and charitable…

Goldney, Robert D.; Fisher, Laura J.

2008-01-01

191

Associations Between Maternal Mental Health and Child Emotional and Behavioral Problems: Does Prenatal Mental Health Matter?  

PubMed

This study examined associations between elevated symptoms of prenatal depression or anxiety and offspring emotional and behavioral problems during mid to late childhood taking into account the impact of later maternal mental health symptoms. The sample consisted of 2,891 women and their children (49 % male) from a prospective, community-based study, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Women completed measures of depressive (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) and anxious (Crown Crisp Experiential Index) symptoms at regular intervals beginning in pregnancy. Mothers and teachers assessed offspring emotional and behavioral problems using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire when children were 10-11 years old. Multivariable regression models were fit to address study hypotheses. Exposure to elevated symptoms of maternal depression during pregnancy was associated with increased total offspring emotional and behavioral problems, even after controlling for later maternal mental health problems and a range of sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics, according to mothers' but not teachers' reports. Similarly, children exposed to elevated symptoms of maternal anxiety during pregnancy were reported to have increased total emotional and behavioral problems by mothers but not by teachers. We found support for modest associations between elevated symptoms of maternal depression and anxiety during the prenatal period and certain domains of offspring emotional and behavioral problems in mid to late childhood above and beyond the impact of later maternal mental health problems. These findings highlight the need for additional clinical and research attention to the prenatal period and to both maternal depression and anxiety. PMID:23748337

Leis, Julie A; Heron, Jon; Stuart, Elizabeth A; Mendelson, Tamar

2013-06-10

192

Hospitalized mental health patients and oral health.  

PubMed

The purpose of this review of the literature is to present a contemporary perspective related to the nursing care of hospitalized mental health patients who have risk of developing oral health issues. Mental illness is a major health concern worldwide. Compounding this health issue, mental health patients/clients demonstrate avoidant behaviours related to oral health, and the symptoms of mental illness can be a compounding factor. Oral health and oral inflammatory disease are the result of lifestyle and behaviour and mental disorders affect both lifestyle and behaviour. The search used the search terms oral health AND nursing AND mental illness AND Published Date 2005 to 2010. For those who experience mental illness oral health assessment is not routinely practised by clinicians. The importance of special attention to dental problems for people with mental disorders has also been stressed by researchers since the lifespan of people with serious mental disorders is shortened compared to the general population. Oral health care is an important part of treatment. Routine oral care for hospitalized patients is imperative, and this is usually the responsibility of nurses without sufficient knowledge in oral care or comprehensive protocols to follow. PMID:22070464

Edward, K-L; Felstead, B; Mahoney, A-M

2011-10-27

193

Cultural stereotypes of women from South Asian communities: mental health care professionals’ explanations for patterns of suicide and depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low rates of treated depression and high rates of suicide in women from some South Asian communities are evident in epidemiological studies in the UK. It is argued here that explanations for these apparent differences are likely to be located in stereotypes of repressive South Asian cultures. This small scale study, utilising focus groups and individual interviews, sought to explore

J. Burr

2002-01-01

194

The importance of functional impairment to mental health outcomes: A case for reassessing our goals in depression treatment research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outcomes in depression treatment research include both changes in symptom severity and functional impairment. Symptom measures tend to be the standard outcome but we argue that there are benefits to considering functional outcomes. An exhaustive literature review shows that the relationship between symptoms and functioning remains unexpectedly weak and often bidirectional. Changes in functioning often lag symptom changes. As a

Patrick E. McKnight; Todd B. Kashdan

2009-01-01

195

Psychedelics and Mental Health: A Population Study  

PubMed Central

Background The classical serotonergic psychedelics LSD, psilocybin, mescaline are not known to cause brain damage and are regarded as non-addictive. Clinical studies do not suggest that psychedelics cause long-term mental health problems. Psychedelics have been used in the Americas for thousands of years. Over 30 million people currently living in the US have used LSD, psilocybin, or mescaline. Objective To evaluate the association between the lifetime use of psychedelics and current mental health in the adult population. Method Data drawn from years 2001 to 2004 of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health consisted of 130,152 respondents, randomly selected to be representative of the adult population in the United States. Standardized screening measures for past year mental health included serious psychological distress (K6 scale), mental health treatment (inpatient, outpatient, medication, needed but did not receive), symptoms of eight psychiatric disorders (panic disorder, major depressive episode, mania, social phobia, general anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, and non-affective psychosis), and seven specific symptoms of non-affective psychosis. We calculated weighted odds ratios by multivariate logistic regression controlling for a range of sociodemographic variables, use of illicit drugs, risk taking behavior, and exposure to traumatic events. Results 21,967 respondents (13.4% weighted) reported lifetime psychedelic use. There were no significant associations between lifetime use of any psychedelics, lifetime use of specific psychedelics (LSD, psilocybin, mescaline, peyote), or past year use of LSD and increased rate of any of the mental health outcomes. Rather, in several cases psychedelic use was associated with lower rate of mental health problems. Conclusion We did not find use of psychedelics to be an independent risk factor for mental health problems.

Krebs, Teri S.; Johansen, Pal-?rjan

2013-01-01

196

Perceptions of mental health among recently immigrated Mexican adolescents.  

PubMed

Rates of anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation are high among Latino adolescents in the U.S., many of whom are immigrants. Immigration during adolescence creates risk factors for mental health problems. The purpose of this study was to explore the health-related perceptions of Mexican-origin immigrant adolescents to inform the design of culturally and developmentally appropriate mental health services. This focused ethnography was guided by Bronfenbrenner's ecological framework and symbolic interactionism. Fourteen adolescents were recruited from two non-health-based community settings. Data from one-to-one semi-structured interviews and a visual narrative project were coded and analyzed inductively. Three thematic patterns were identified: "mentally healthy," "mentally unhealthy," and "health promotion." Increased awareness of cultural influences and immigration on Latino adolescents' mental health is needed. Mental health nurses are in a unique position to educate and to influence accessibility of services. PMID:17130006

Garcia, Carolyn M; Saewyc, Elizabeth M

2007-01-01

197

Collaborative Research in Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes advantages and disadvantages of the National Institute of Mental Health's program for Public Academic Liaison (PAL). Useful administrative lessons gleaned from longstanding connections between state mental health agencies and universities in Ohio, Virginia, and Oregon are reviewed. Important issues such as budgeting and staffing for both agency and university administrators to consider when establishing collaboration are outlined.

Bentson H. McFarland; Frederick A. DiBlasio; John R. Belcher

1993-01-01

198

Immigrant Mental Health and Unemployment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this research is to assess whether stress associated with the transition to a new country combined with additional stress arising from unemployment affects the mental health of immigrants. I use the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia (LSIA) to examine the effect of labour force status on the mental health of immigrants. By using a rich longitudinal

Steven Kennedy

2003-01-01

199

Chicano Plan for Mental Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mental health services for Chicanos are examined in relation to social, economic, and political forces affecting their family concept. It is felt that mental health problems in a Chicano community must be approached from a cultural point of view. The stre...

R. Duran

1975-01-01

200

Mental Health and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

Poverty level affects mental health status. African Americans living below the poverty level, as compared to those over twice the poverty level, are 3 ... compared to 120% of Non-Hispanic Whites. 1 MENTAL HEALTH STATUS: Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years ...

201

Mental Health in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent national data suggests that there is a similarity between the prevalence of clinically defined mental health problems, as well as comorbidity including substance abuse, among rural and urban adult populations. However, due to the lack of a mental health and substance abuse infrastructure in rural areas, many times these disorders go…

National Rural Health Association, Kansas City, MO.

202

National Institute of Mental Health: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For people who are living with a mental health condition, it can be most helpful to have access to high-quality and authoritative information. The National Institute of Mental Health provides such information on the publications area of their website, and visitors can make their way through fact sheets, booklets, and Spanish-language versions of these documents here. The topical fact sheets are quite good, and they include titles such as "Suicide in the U.S.: Statistics and Prevention" and "Depression: A Treatable Illness". Moving on, the "Booklets" area includes "Eating Disorders", "Depression", and ten other offerings. Finally, the right-hand side of the site includes news about recent research findings from the Institute.

203

Environment and mental health.  

PubMed

Environments seen as the physical, chemical, and biological conditions to which organisms are subjected, define the ways we obtain various resources, their quantity and their quality. In interplay with our organisms, environments determine how 'fit' we are. An aspect of that fitness is the quality of mental functioning. Although there is a traditional view that there is something like an 'objective environment' and an 'effective environment', a part of the objective environment that actually affects the organism, the dividing line between the two is rather obscure. Environment in general cannot be defined without taking into account the behaviour of the organism, and it is especially challenging to define what environment means to humans, given the enormous variation and scope of human behaviours; what it is that we require and tolerate. Simultaneously, that physical environment is the broader context of what we usually term 'social environment'. This paper outlines the conceptual problems in determining and evaluating the relationship between environmental conditions and more proximal determinants of mental health, at the same time reviewing the assumptions of some of the well-known examples of that relationship. PMID:23114802

Loga, Slobodan; Šoši?, Bojan

2012-10-01

204

Detecting and Evaluating Depression Among Elderly Patients in Home Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among home health patients, depression is a debilitating and treatable psychiatric condition that often remains undiagnosed and reduces quality of life, social interactions, daily functioning, and treatment adherence. Untreated major depression increases functional decline; costly medical, emergency, and mental health visits; and reliance on disability or welfare. In the worst case, many patients decide that life is not worth living

Sharon M. Valente

2005-01-01

205

Mental Health Problems and Symptoms among Male Adolescents Attending a Teen Health Clinic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined the frequency and nature of mental health problems and symptoms among a group of 51 inner city male adolescents attending a teen health clinic. Results indicated participants experienced significant mental health problems and symptoms, such as relationship problems, problems with time and money, and symptoms of anger, depression, and…

Smith, Peggy B.; Buzi, Ruth S.; Weinman, Maxine L.

2001-01-01

206

Mental Health Problems and Symptoms among Male Adolescents Attending a Teen Health Clinic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the frequency and nature of mental health problems and symptoms among a group of 51 inner city male adolescents attending a teen health clinic. Results indicated participants experienced significant mental health problems and symptoms, such as relationship problems, problems with time and money, and symptoms of anger, depression, and…

Smith, Peggy B.; Buzi, Ruth S.; Weinman, Maxine L.

2001-01-01

207

Sufism and mental health.  

PubMed

Human experience in, health and disease, always has a spiritual dimension. pirituality is accepted as one of the defining determinants of health and it no more remains a sole preserve of religion and mysticism. In recent years, pirituality has been an area of research in neurosciences and both in the nderstanding of psychiatric morbidity and extending therapeutic interventions it seems to be full of promises. Sufism has been a prominent spiritual tradition in Islam deriving influences from major world religions, such as, Christianity and Hinduism and contributing substantially toward spiritual well-being of a large number of people within and outside Muslim world. Though Sufism started in early days of Islam and had many prominent Sufis, it is in the medieval period it achieved great height culminating in many Sufi orders and their major proponents. The Sufism aims communion with God through spiritual realization; soul being the agency of this communion, and propounding the God to be not only the cause of all existence but the only real existence. It may provide a vital link to understand the source of religious experience and its impact on mental health. PMID:23858257

Nizamie, S Haque; Katshu, Mohammad Zia Ul Haq; Uvais, N A

2013-01-01

208

Public Health Surveillance for Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health systems have relied on public health surveillance to plan health programs, and extensive sur- veillance systems exist for health behaviors and chronic disease. Mental health has used a separate data collection system that emphasizes measurement of disease preva- lence and health care use. In recent years, efforts to inte- grate these systems have included adding chronic disease measures

Elsie J. Freeman; Lisa J. Colpe; Tara W. Strine; Satvinder Dhingra; Lisa C. McGuire; Laurie D. Elam-Evans; Geraldine S. Perry

209

Developing Mental Health Services for Local Jails  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for mental health services in jails has become evident to both correctional and mental health personnel in recent years as the number of mentally disordered inmates has increased in the jail population. The President's Commission on Mental Health (PCMH, 1978) has noted that community mental health systems have not provided successful treatment to certain subgroups of people and

Carole Morgan

1981-01-01

210

Impact of shared mental health care in the general population on subjects’ perceptions of mental health care and on mental health status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  A community survey evaluated whether the development of a shared mental health care intervention had an impact on health care\\u000a perceptions and mental health status of subjects with common mental health problems (MHP).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Adults <70 years old with common MHP (DSM-IV\\/CIDI-SF major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety or MHI-SF 36 psychic distress\\u000a diagnoses), were randomly drawn from the general population in

Nadia Younès; Marie-Christine Hardy-Bayle; Bruno Falissard; Viviane Kovess; Isabelle Gasquet

2008-01-01

211

Mental Health Minister launches new acute mental health tertiary qualification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Honourable Dr Graham Jacobs, Minister for Water; Mental Health, launched a new Graduate Certificate in Acute Mental Health at the South Metro Area Health Service (SMAHS) in July.\\u000aA result of collaboration between Ms Debbie Nelson, Nursing Director SMAHS and Dean of The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle School of Nursing, Professor Selma Alliex, the course has seen

Michelle Ebbs

2010-01-01

212

Development of Mental Health Indicators in Korea  

PubMed Central

Objective Promoting mental health and preventing mental health problems are important tasks for international organizations and nations. Such goals entail the establishment of active information networks and effective systems and indicators to assess the mental health of populations. This being said, there is a need in Korea develop ways to measure the state of mental health in Korea. Methods This paper reviews the mental health indicator development policies and practices of seven organizations, countries, and regions: WHO, OECD, EU, United States, Australia, UK, and Scotland. Using Delphi method, we conducted two surveys of mental health indicators for experts in the field of mental health. The survey questionnaire included 5 domains: mental health status, mental health factor, mental health system, mental health service, and quality of mental health services. We considered 124 potential mental health indicators out of more than 600 from indicators of international organizations and foreign countries. Results We obtained the top 30 mental health indicators from the surveys. Among them, 10 indicators belong to the mental health system. The most important five mental health indicators are suicide rate, rate of increase in mental disorder treatment, burden caused by mental disorders, adequacy of identifying problems of mental health projects and deriving solutions, and annual prevalence of mental disorders. Conclusion Our study provides information about the process for indicator development and the use of survey results to measure the mental health status of the Korean population. The aim of mental health indicator development is to improve the mental health system by better grasping the current situation. We suggest these mental health indicators can monitor progress in efforts to implement reform policies, provide community services, and involve users, families and other stakeholders in mental health promotion, prevention, care and rehabilitation.

Han, Hyeree; Ahn, Dong Hyun; Song, Jinhee; Hwang, Tae Yeon

2012-01-01

213

Child rights and mental health.  

PubMed

This article introduces the principles and articles of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and discusses the implications of this new conceptualization of childhood for child mental health. Consistent with the articles of the CRC, Canadian and US health administrations call for including the perspectives and participation of children in promotion of their own mental health and in the planning of mental health services. Examples of the incorporation of the CRC into programs and services for children and youth are described. PMID:11588806

Carlson, M

2001-10-01

214

Racism Takes a Toll on Kids' Mental Health, Research Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... 22, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Child Mental Health Health Disparities Teen Mental Health SUNDAY, Sept. 22 (HealthDay News) -- ... reserved. More Health News on: Child Mental Health Health Disparities Teen Mental Health Recent Health News Page last ...

215

Modeling the mental health effects of victimization among homeless persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless persons are victims of violent and non-violent crime at higher rates than housed populations. While studies have suggested that victimization can induce or exacerbate mental health problems, there is very little known about factors that may buffer the effects of victimization. This cross-sectional study examined the influence of victimization on depressive symptoms in over 9600 homeless and mentally ill

Brian Edward Perron; Ben Alexander-Eitzman; David F. Gillespie; David Pollio

2008-01-01

216

Nepal mental health country profile.  

PubMed

The Kingdom of Nepal is situated in the heart of Asia, between its two big neighbours China and India. Nepal is home to several ethnic groups. The majority of the 23 million population reside in the countryside. Although figures on many of the health and socio-economic indicators are non-existing, some existing ones show gradual improvement over the years. However the figures for illiteracy and infant mortality are still one of the highest in the world. As per GDP, and population living below the poverty line and per capita income, Nepal still remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Despite this, it provides shelter to thousands of Bhutanese refugees in its land. Frequent natural disasters and recent violent conflicts in Nepal have further added hardship to life. Less than 3% of the national budget is allocated to the health sector. Mental health receives insignificant attention. The Government spends about 1% of the health budget on mental health. There is no mental health act and the National Mental Health Policy formulated in 1997 is yet to be fully operational. Mental ill health is not much talked about because of the stigma attached. The roles of the legal and insurance systems are almost negligible. The financial burden rests upon the family. The traditional/religious healing methods still remain actively practiced, specifically in the field of mental health. The service, comprising little more than two-dozen psychiatrists along with a few psychiatric nurses and clinical psychologists (mainly practicing in modern health care facilities) has started showing its impact--however this is limited to specific urban areas. The majority of the modern health care facilities across the country are devoid of a mental health facility. The main contextual challenges for mental health in Nepal are the provision of adequate manpower, spreading the services across the country, increasing public awareness and formulating and implementing an adequate policy. PMID:15276946

Regmi, S K; Pokharel, A; Ojha, S P; Pradhan, S N; Chapagain, G

217

Telepsychiatry and school mental health.  

PubMed

The provision of mental health services in schools has been one effective strategy for reaching out to a greater number of youth to identify and provide treatment for mental health issues. With the increasing challenges related to shortages in child and adolescent psychiatrists, it is critical to develop models of care that can maximize a full range of mental health services for all children and adolescents who need them. Telehealth offers an innovative distance technology strategy to effectively and efficiently provide access to psychiatric services in schools. Telepsychiatry has the potential to better link and enhance the provision of health services, and can be particularly beneficial in addressing geographic distance and/or capacity issues. This article describes the clinical, educational, and administrative uses of telemental health in the school environment with mental health professionals and staff. PMID:21092914

Grady, Brian J; Lever, Nancy; Cunningham, Dana; Stephan, Sharon

2011-01-01

218

Metal music and mental health in France.  

PubMed

Although numerous authors have associated metal music with social problems such as suicide, self-destruction and Satanism, few studies have been undertaken to examine the mental health of fans of heavy metal music. This study attempts to determine if there is a link between mental health and the enjoyment of this type of music in France. The researchers surveyed 333 fans of metal music. Their mental health was evaluated by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), a widely used instrument that measures anxiety and depression. The scores of the sample of metal music fans were then compared to the scores that reveal possible, probable, or severe mental disorders. Qualifying variables included age, gender, status, education, motivation and participation in metal music culture. The results indicated that fans of metal music are mainly young adults (median age = 22.67, SD = 5.29) and tend to be male (87.85 percent). As a whole, metal music fans have levels of anxiety and depression that are similar to and lower than levels in the general population. Specifically, <5 percent of metal music fans surveyed showed pathological symptoms. Subjects that scored higher levels of anxiety and depression were those that had literary and/or arts backgrounds rather than scientific backgrounds, that wrote metal music lyrics, that consumed alcohol and that engaged in the body modification practice of scarification. This study suggests that opponents of metal music should re-examine the basis for their criticism. More scholarly research is needed to better understand the effects of metal music on fans and on society. PMID:19521752

Recours, Robin; Aussaguel, François; Trujillo, Nick

2009-09-01

219

Exercise can seriously improve your mental health: Fact or fiction?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Health Organization predicts that depression will create the second greatest burden of disease by 2020, requiring cost-effective prevention and intervention strategies. The evidence to support the benefits of exercise in offering protection from depression and as an intervention in the treatment of mental illness is growing. The literature is reviewed with 11 prospective longitudinal studies that include measures

Marie E. Donaghy

2007-01-01

220

Mental Health Among Israeli Homosexual Adolescents and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the mental health status of Israeli homosexuals in adolescence and early adulthood in comparison to heterosexual controls. We compared 219 homosexuals (136 gay men and 83 lesbian women) with 219 individually matched heterosexuals on indices of depression and subjective well being. In line with the study hypothesis, the results indicated that the homosexual participants reported more depressive

Geva Shenkman; Dov Shmotkin

2010-01-01

221

Postpartum mental health after Hurricane Katrina: A cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Natural disaster is often a cause of psychopathology, and women are vulnerable to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Depression is also common after a woman gives birth. However, no research has addressed postpartum women's mental health after natural disaster. METHODS: Interviews were conducted in 2006–2007 with women who had been pregnant during or shortly after Hurricane Katrina. 292

Emily W Harville; Xu Xiong; Gabriella Pridjian; Karen Elkind-Hirsch; Pierre Buekens

2009-01-01

222

Mental depression and cardiovascular disease: a multifaceted, bidirectional association.  

PubMed

The association between cardiovascular disease and mental depression is multifaceted and likely bidirectional. Depressed patients are at significantly higher risk for cardiac morbidity and mortality even in the absence of a diagnosis of major depression, whereas mental depression is nearly 3 times more frequent in patients after an acute myocardial infarction and contributes to a worse prognosis. Therefore, depressed patients might become trapped in a harmful loop, where mental symptoms might be worsened by the synergistic effects of stress and cardiovascular risk factors, and where they are otherwise vulnerable to acute cardiovascular events due to the synergistic effects of mental stress and an underlying atherothrombotic disorder. Although the exact pathway(s) underlying the interplay between depression and cardiovascular disease remains to be elucidated, the mechanisms most often implicated include hormonal variations, metabolic abnormalities, hypercoagulability, increased platelet aggregation, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction. This article aims to review the biological and clinical links between depression and cardiovascular disease. PMID:19452408

Lippi, Giuseppe; Montagnana, Martina; Favaloro, Emmanuel J; Franchini, Massimo

2009-05-18

223

The public mental health significance of research on socio-economic factors in schizophrenia and major depression  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews the epidemiological research evidence on the role of socio-economic factors in the origins and disease experience of schizophrenia and major depression. The studies were conducted in different countries over many years. Although their findings are divided in their support of either the social causation or the drift hypothesis, all of them agree that persons with these disorders are at high disadvantage in society. Several factors for this have been identified. These studies provide the rationale for community-based interventions that have to be guided by principles of equity in the distribution of resources and grounded in biopsychosocial models of care that comprehensively answer the needs of the affected populations.

SARACENO, BENEDETTO; LEVAV, ITZHAK; KOHN, ROBERT

2005-01-01

224

AHRQ Healthcare Horizon Scanning System Potential High Impact Interventions: Priority Area 05: Depression and Other Mental Health Disorders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Horizon scanning is an activity undertaken to identify technological and system innovations that could have important impacts or bring about paradigm shifts. In the health care sector, horizon scanning pertains to identification of new (and new uses of ex...

2012-01-01

225

Some Ingredients for Mental Health  

PubMed Central

When the body is ailing the mind is soon impaired. Good health practices contribute to longer and better life. A balanced life of work-rest-play is necessary to human health. Psychosocial stresses at any period of life may impair morale and productivity and increase the likelihood of physical or mental disease. Bereavement, separation, divorce, loss of friendship, retirement, loss of self-esteem and symbolic losses contribute significantly to mental and physical ill health. Social and psychological support systems are vital to mental health maintenance. Mature persons evolve principles, values, moral and ethical tenets, philosophic and religious ideals and special codes of conduct to give meaning to their lives. The basic needs of survival and procreation must be integrated with moral precepts relating to interindividual behavior so as to give a person a feeling of self-worth, which is an indispensable element in mental health.

Greenblatt, Milton

1984-01-01

226

Developing Iraq's mental health policy.  

PubMed

As Iraq faces the challenge of securing a sustainable resolution to the current violence, the burden of mental illness is likely to increase dramatically. The impact of Saddam Hussein's dictatorship, the Iran-Iraq war, U.S.-led economic sanctions, the Persian Gulf wars, and the U.S. invasion and subsequent violent insurgency have devastated Iraq's governmental and social infrastructure. Health care delivery across sectors has suffered greatly. During the reconstruction phase, the United States and coalition forces allocated resources to restructure Iraq's health care system. Many multinational organizations, governments, and policy makers had the political will as well as the financial and human resources to greatly influence Iraq's mental health program. However, the lack of an existing mental health plan stifled these efforts. Applying Kingdon's model for policy development, which includes political analysis, problem defining, and proposal drafting, the authors describe the development of Iraq's current mental health policy. PMID:17914016

Hamid, Hamada I; Everett, Anita

2007-10-01

227

Birth cohort changes in Chinese adolescents' mental health.  

PubMed

In China, rapid economic growth and increasing social problems constitute two basic characteristics of contemporary social change. During the process of dramatic social change, an emerging question is how adolescents' mental health has changed across birth cohorts. The present paper reviews four studies of crosstemporal meta-analysis conducted by us. By meta-analysis of previous literature, we examined changes in mean scores on mental health measures over time (from the early 1990s to the mid-2000s). It was found that since the early 1990s, Chinese adolescents' mental health deteriorated across birth cohorts, shown in increased scores on the negative indicators of mental health (e.g. mental problems, anxiety, and depression), whereas self-esteem as a positive trait decreased. The dropping trend in Chinese adolescents' mental health could be attributed to social change, especially increasing social problems. Therefore, adequate attention must be paid to potential influences of social change on individuals' psychological development. PMID:22150249

Xin, Ziqiang; Niu, Jianghe; Chi, Liping

2011-12-08

228

Attitudes toward mental health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes of 85 undergraduates toward various mental health professional roles were evaluated using a semantic differential assessment instrument. Expressed attitudes were most positive toward those roles identified with physical medicine (i.e., physician and nurse) and least positive toward those professions traditionally identified with mental illness (i.e., psychiatrist and psychoanalyst). However, the public appears to be making increasing differentiations in attitudes

John M. McGuire; Thomas D. Borowy

1979-01-01

229

Tyranny and mental health.  

PubMed

Tyrannical states came into existence with the emergence of the state as a socio-political phenomenon a few thousand years ago and are, therefore, novel creations from the standpoint of human evolution. A recent and particularly virulent form of tyranny was invented during the twentieth century in the form of totalitarianism. Such states utilise physical and psychological coercion as their primary method of governance. It is proposed that this will have mental health consequences on both the rulers and the ruled. The psychological roots of tyrannical systems are explored and some of the possible socio-psychological effects are discussed. The Iraqi Ba'th regime is used as an exemplar of a third world totalitarian state. It is suggested that the prevention of mass violations of basic human rights should become an international responsibility and this may, therefore, require a redefinition of the concept of sovereignty. Furthermore, it is proposed that the international community should share the responsibility of assisting in the process of social repair in the aftermath of the fall of tyrannical states. PMID:15767560

Abed, Riadh T

2005-03-14

230

Common mental disorders and mortality in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study: comparing the General Health Questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale  

PubMed Central

Background While various measures of common mental disorders (CMD) have been found to be associated with mortality, a comparison of how different measures predict mortality may improve our understanding of the association. This paper compares how the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30) predict all cause and cause-specific mortality. Methods Data on 2547 men and women from two cohorts, aged approximately 39 and 55?years, from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study who were followed up for mortality over an average of 18.9 (SD 5.0) years. Scores were calculated for HADS depression (HADS-D), HADS Anxiety (HADS-A) and GHQ-30. Cox Proportional Hazards Models were used to determine how each CMD measure predicted mortality. Results After adjusting for serious physical illness, smoking, social class, alcohol, obesity, pulse rate and living alone, HRs (95% CI) per SD increase in score for all-cause mortality were: 1.15 (1.07 to 1.25) for HADS-D; 1.13 (1.04 to 1.23) for GHQ-30 and 1.05 (0.96 to 1.14) for HADS-A. After the same adjustments, cardiovascular disease mortality was also related to HADS-D (HR 1.24 (1.07 to 1.43)), to GHQ-30 (HR 1.24 (1.11 to 1.40)) and to HADS-A (HR 1.15 (1.01 to 1.32)); respiratory mortality to GHQ-30 (HR 1.33 (1.13 to 1.55)) and mortality from other causes, excluding injuries, to HADS-D (HR 1.28 (1.05 to 1.55)). Conclusions There were associations between CMD and both all-cause and cause-specific mortality which were broadly similar for GHQ-30 and HADS-D and were still present after adjustment for important confounders and mediators.

Hannah, Mary Kathleen; Batty, G David; Benzeval, Michaela

2013-01-01

231

Mental health literacy as a function of remoteness of residence: an Australian national study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Although there have been many population studies of mental health literacy, little is known about the mental health literacy of people who reside in rural areas. This study sought to determine the impact of remoteness on public knowledge of depression and schizophrenia. METHODS: The mental health literacy of residents of major cities, inner regional, and outer-remote (including outer regional,

Kathleen M Griffiths; Helen Christensen; Anthony F Jorm

2009-01-01

232

Mind your step: developing effective mental health training for alcohol and other drug workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health problems are common among drug treatment clients with most symptoms related to anxiety and depression. In this study, we used an established manual for alcohol and drug practitioners known as PsyCheck that outlines basic mental health screening and intervention for high prevalence disorders. The aim of this study was to examine changes in clinician's mental health screening and

Nicole K. Lee; Angela Harney; Jacqui Cameron; Sandra Roeg

2011-01-01

233

Review of mental-health-related stigma in Japan.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to understand the nature and characteristics of mental-health-related stigma among Japanese people. We searched relevant studies in English or Japanese published since 2001 using MEDLINE and PsycINFO, and found 19 studies that examined mental-health-related stigma in Japan. Regarding knowledge about mental illness, reviewed studies showed that in the Japanese general population, few people think that people can recover from mental disorders. Psychosocial factors, including weakness of personality, are often considered the cause of mental illness, rather than biological factors. In addition, the majority of the general public in Japan keep a greater social distance from individuals with mental illness, especially in close personal relationships. Schizophrenia is more stigmatized than depression, and its severity increases the stigmatizing attitude toward mental illness. The literature also showed an association between more direct social contact between health professionals and individuals with mental illness and less stigmatization by these professionals. Less stigmatization by mental health professionals may be associated with accumulation of clinical experience and daily contact with people who have mental illness. Stigmatizing attitudes in Japan are stronger than in Taiwan or Australia, possibly due to institutionalism, lack of national campaigns to tackle stigma, and/or society's valuing of conformity in Japan. Although educational programs appear to be effective in reducing mental-health-related stigma, future programs in Japan need to address problems regarding institutionalism and offer direct social contact with people with mental illness. PMID:24118217

Ando, Shuntaro; Yamaguchi, Sosei; Aoki, Yuta; Thornicroft, Graham

2013-09-30

234

Community-based mental health service utilization among low-income Latina immigrants.  

PubMed

Latina immigrants may be at increased risk for mental illnesses, but have less access to and seek mental health services less often than Black and White counterparts. Guided by the Andersen Behavioral Model of service utilization, the current study employed a medical chart review to elucidate factors associated with use of mental health services at a community health center. Of the clients referred for mental health services, only 36% followed through on the referral. Older age, use of case management services, and depressive symptomatology were predictors of attending mental health services. These findings have implications for community health and mental health providers. PMID:19821029

Hochhausen, Laila; Le, Huynh-Nhu; Perry, Deborah F

2009-10-10

235

Alcohol Research and Health, Volume 26, Number 2, 2002. Alcohol and Comorbid Mental Health Disorders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Alcohol use disorders frequently occur in tandem with mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, tobacco dependence, and even pathological gambling. Co-occurring disorders may be present in adolescence,...

2002-01-01

236

CHILDREN'S MENTAL HEALTH: STRATEGIES FOR EDUCATORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Surgeon General's 2000 Report on Children's Mental Health estimates that one in five children and adolescents will experience a significant mental health problem during their school years. These issues vary in severity, but approximately 70% of those who need treatment will not receive appropriate mental health services. Failure to address children's mental health needs is linked to poor

Peter Whelley; Ralph E. Cash; Dixie Bryson

237

Measuring agency investment in community mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a study of the extent to which essential elements of community mental health are part of mental health agencies' practices. A sample of 263 social workers reported on the nature of programming and services of 19 mental health facilities ranging from city and state community mental health centers to inpatient psychiatric hospitals. All agencies were found to

Stephen Z. Cohen; William J. Reid; Lawrence K. Berg

1975-01-01

238

Health Behaviors among Individuals with Schizophrenia and Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents findings from a study that evaluated the utility of Protection Motivation Theory to explain cardiovascular health behaviors among people with schizophrenia (n = 83) and depression (n = 70). Results indicated that the prevalence of overweight, cigarette smoking and a sedentary lifestyle were greater among people with a mental illness compared to individuals without a mental illness.

Loranie Leas; Marita Mccabe

2007-01-01

239

Mental Health Consequences of Intimate Partner Abuse  

PubMed Central

Battered women are exposed to multiple forms of intimate partner abuse. This article explores the independent contributions of physical violence, sexual coercion, psychological abuse, and stalking on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among a sample of 413 severely battered, help-seeking women. The authors test the unique effects of psychological abuse and stalking on mental health outcomes, after controlling for physical violence, injuries, and sexual coercion. Mean scores for the sample fall into the moderate to severe range for PTSD and within the moderate category for depression scores. Hierarchical regressions test the unique effects of stalking and psychological abuse, after controlling for physical violence, injuries, and sexual coercion. Psychological abuse and stalking contribute uniquely to the prediction of PTSD and depression symptoms, even after controlling for the effects of physical violence, injuries, and sexual coercion. Results highlight the importance of examining multiple dimensions of intimate partner abuse.

Mechanic, Mindy B.; Weaver, Terri L.; Resick, Patricia A.

2010-01-01

240

Health Promotion Intervention in Mental Health Services Health Promotion Intervention in Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this thesis was to define and develop the concept of health promotion in mental health services as well as to develop a questionnaire to measure patients' subjective experiences of health promotion interven- tion in mental health services. The samples consisted of 12 patients in study I and 12 nurses in study II as well as 135 patients

Petra Svedberg

2007-01-01

241

The role of nutrition in mental health.  

PubMed

A truly integrative approach to mental health includes a thorough assessment of dietary habits, level of exercise/physical activity, environmental exposures, medications, comorbid conditions, life stressors, level of social support, and family history. A complete physical exam and appropriate laboratory and imaging studies should be utilized to rule out underlying causes of depressed or anxious mood. Many patients will benefit from the use of specific dietary supplements, such as a multivitamin-mineral high in B-vitamins and omega-3 fatty acid. And no matter what the underlying cause of the mood disorder, patients should be counseled about the relationship between food and mood, for the evidence now substantiates what laypeople and medical professionals have long known intuitively: the way we eat affects the way we feel. The Western diet consumed in a growing number of countries is devoid of many of the key nutrients critical for the proper functioning of the central nervous system. When making dietary recommendations, clinicians should consider a low-glycemic, modified Mediterranean diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and seafood (if not vegetarian) and low in processed, refined foods for optimizing mental health. A future article on the topic of nutrition and mental health will address the role of nutraceuticals and herbal medicines in mental health. PMID:20232617

Low Dog, Tieraona

242

Diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders: a survey of Singapore mental health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: A series of surveys of mental health literacy have been undertaken in Australia, involving members of the general public\\u000a as well as general practitioners and mental health professionals, whereby respondents consider vignettes of depression and\\u000a of schizophrenia, offer a diagnosis and rate a series of possible interventions for their judged helpfulness. A similar survey\\u000a was undertaken in Singapore and

G. Parker; R. Mahendran; S. G. Yeo; M. I. Loh; A. F. Jorm

1999-01-01

243

Distributing Mental Health Care Resources: Strategic Implications from The National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This paper considers mental health services resource distribution under the Australian second national mental health plan, with its direction to mental health services to be more inclusive of people with higher prevalence psychiatric disorders. We consider inequalities in mental health in Australia, and describe the performance of the composite census variable employed in the Victorian mental health funding distribution

Graham Meadows; Philip Burgess; Irene Bobevski

2002-01-01

244

Mental Health Treatment and Criminal Justice Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are many prisoners in jail or prison because of their mental illness? And if so, is mental health treatment a cost-effective way to reduce crime and lower criminal justice costs? This paper reviews and evaluates the evidence assessing the potential of expansion of mental health services for reducing crime. Mental illness and symptoms of mental illness are highly prevalent among

Richard Frank; Thomas G. McGuire

2010-01-01

245

Dangerousness and mental health policy.  

PubMed

Mental health policy development in the UK has become increasingly dominated by the assumed need to prevent violence and alleviate public concerns about the dangers of the mentally ill living in the community. Risk management has become the expected focus of contemporary mental health services, and responsibility has increasingly been devolved to individual service professionals when systems fail to prevent violence. This paper analyses the development of mental health legislation and its impact on services users and mental health professionals at the micro level of service delivery. Historical precedence, media influence and public opinion are explored, and the reification of risk is questioned in practical and ethical terms. The government's newest proposals for compulsory treatment in the community are discussed in terms of practical efficacy and therapeutic impact. Dangerousness is far from being an objectively observable phenomenon arising from clinical pathology, but is a formulation of what is partially knowable through social analysis and unknowable by virtue of its situation in individual psychic motivation. Risk assessment can therefore never be completely accurate, and the solution of a 'better safe than sorry' approach to mental health policy is ethically and pragmatically flawed. PMID:18307647

Hewitt, J L

2008-04-01

246

Workaholism and mental health among Polish academic workers.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between workaholism and mental health among 126 Polish academic workers. The participants' mean age was 45.9 years, 51.6% of them were women. The participants completed 2 questionnaires: the work addiction risk test and the general health questionnaire. Even though 66% of the subjects were classified in the group of moderate-to-high risk of workaholism, the overall state of mental health was categorized as average. The results revealed that workaholism was associated with poorer mental health. Employees with higher levels of workaholism had worse state of health, i.e., more somatic symptoms, higher levels of anxiety, insomnia, social dysfunction and symptoms of depression. Emotional arousal/perfectionism was the strongest predictor of the state of general health and was mostly responsible for harmful effects on mental health. However, the general effect of workaholism on health was not as strong as expected. PMID:22429525

Bartczak, Monika; Ogi?ska-Bulik, Nina

2012-01-01

247

Teens and Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Watch online episode of Healthy Minds 30-minute television program on " Teens: Typical or Troubled? Part Two – What You Need to Know " and " Teens: Typical or Troubled? Part Two – Suicide Prevention" Parent's Medication Guide: Depression

248

Post-conflict mental health needs: a cross-sectional survey of trauma, depression and associated factors in Juba, Southern Sudan  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in January 2005 marked the end of the civil conflict in Sudan lasting over 20 years. The conflict was characterised by widespread violence and large-scale forced migration. Mental health is recognised as a key public health issue for conflict-affected populations. Studies revealed high levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) amongst populations from

Bayard Roberts; Eliaba Yona Damundu; Olivia Lomoro; Egbert Sondorp

2009-01-01

249

Rethinking mental health: a European WHO perspective.  

PubMed

In spite of recent clinical and research advances, an increased burden of mortality and morbidity related to stress and mental ill health can be noted, especially in European societies and populations undergoing stressful transitions and dramatic changes. A societal syndrome, consisting of depression, suicide, abuse, risk-taking and violent behaviour as well as vascular morbidity and mortality, can be observed, reflecting individual psychopathology related to disturbances of the serotonin metabolism as one of the oldest, most basic cerebral instruments of mankind to survive, to socialize, to cope with stress and danger. In a time where mental health professionals look for new and challenging identities, they have a tendency to abdicate from social psychiatric and public health activities in favour of more prestigious positions in brain research, genetics or advanced psychotherapy. A redefinition, reconceptualization and renaissance of social psychiatry seems timely and necessary, responding to the burden, advances and possibilities related to mental health we find today. It should proceed from the reductionism which often has characterized earlier psychosocial and social psychiatric approaches, utilize modern knowledge about neuroplasticity, psychoimmunology, neuropsychology and neurophilosophy, reflect the interaction between environment and structure, nature and nurture, and integrate different areas of knowledge in a holistic public mental health approach. Political decisions and societal solutions can be more or less in line with basic human preconditions. Consequences of failure to respect this already can be seen. A new awareness and responsibility-taking with regard to basic human ethological, physiological, psychological and existential conditions is needed and has to be concretized in innovative public mental health approaches. PMID:16946915

Rutz, Wolfgang

2003-06-01

250

Religious practices, beliefs, and mental health: Variations across Ethnicity  

PubMed Central

Objectives We examined whether Black Americans and Hispanic Americans experienced greater mental health benefits from religious involvement than White Americans, and whether these benefits would be mediated through three psychosocial factors—social support, meaning and forgiveness. Methods Utilizing data from a probability sample of Chicago-based adults (n=3103), ethnicity-stratified multivariate regression models estimated the association of religiosity with depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and major depressive disorder. Models controlled for potential confounders and psychosocial mediators. Results Contrary to our hypotheses, religiously involved Black Americans and Hispanic Americans did not experience greater mental health benefits than their White counterparts. For White Americans alone, service attendance was inversely related to depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and major depressive disorder. Religious saliency was consistently associated with worse mental health for Hispanic Americans only. However, both meaning and forgiveness conferred mental health benefits for all three groups. Conclusions The benefits of specific aspects of religious involvement vary across ethnicity. Caution is necessary in any effort to bring religion into the health domain. Our findings, if replicated, suggest that initiatives that facilitate a sense of purpose or forgiveness are likely to prove promising in improving mental health, regardless of race or ethnicity.

Sternthal, Michelle J.; Williams, David R.; Musick, Marc A.; Buck, Anna C.

2012-01-01

251

Stakeholder views of a mental health court  

Microsoft Academic Search

To reduce criminal justice involvement of persons with mental disorders, many communities have created mental health courts. Early mental health courts were restricted to persons charged with nonviolent misdemeanors. Recently mental health courts have begun to accept persons charged with felonies and violent crimes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the process and outcomes of a

Dale E. McNiel; Renée L. Binder

2010-01-01

252

Dating violence: mental health consequences based on type of abuse.  

PubMed

This study aims to determine the relationship between psychological, physical, and sexual abuse, and mental health symptoms. Female college students (N = 499) completed anonymous online surveys to report experiences of abuse, as well as symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and physical injuries. Five groups of participants were found: no abuse; psychological abuse; physical abuse; psychological and physical abuse; and psychological, physical, and sexual abuse. The multiple abuse groups showed the highest rate of mental health symptoms. In addition, increased frequency of abuse was related to more mental health symptoms and more physical injuries. PMID:22594217

Eshelman, Lee; Levendosky, Alytia A

2012-01-01

253

Community Mental Health Service Profile.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study of the 1971 admissions to three county outpatient mental health clinics in the region served by the NY-Penn Health Management Corporation is documented, and selected comparisons are made to State hospital admissions for the region. The study is pa...

A. M. Volo G. LeCompte M. E. Lafer R. F. Thayne T. J. McCord

1975-01-01

254

Mental Health Practitioners and HIPAA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The privacy and security of patients' medical records continue to challenge mental health practitioners in an ever-increasing electronic environment. Although practitioners were to be in compliance of the 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) by April 20, 2006, many practitioners still struggle to understand the nuances of the regulations. This article will cover the areas of HIPAA that

Timothy D. Letzring; Marilyn S. Snow

2011-01-01

255

A Map of Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comprehensive picture of mental health services in England, including staffing and expenditure, and the number of people in need and the number treated. Historically, this information has been split across sub-sections of the health and social services; and the readily available information often appeared to give inconsistent answers. This paper brings together and interprets the available

Rachel Smithies

2010-01-01

256

Does Relative Deprivation Predict the Need for Mental Health Services?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Several studies postulate that psychological conditions may contribute to the link between low relative income and poor health, but no one has directly tested the relationship between relative deprivation and mental health disorders. In this paper, we investigate whether low income relative to a reference group is associated with a higher probability of depressive disorders or anxiety disorders. Reference

Christine Eibner; Roland Sturm; Carole Roan Gresenz

2004-01-01

257

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... in the African American population • Culture biases against mental health professionals and health care professionals in general prevent ... disadvantage in terms of accessing both medical and mental health care: in 2006, one-third of working adult ...

258

Specialist practice in community mental health nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community mental health nurses (CMHNs) work in an increasingly complex health and social care environment. Over recent years, the evolving direction of general health service and specific mental health policy has directed CMHNs towards: the provision of clinically-effective interventions; a closer attention to meeting the needs of people experiencing severe and long-term mental health problems; the simultaneous provision of services

Ben Hannigan

1999-01-01

259

Age and Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how age is related to theuse of formal and informal mental health services,adjustment to current life conditions, and expectationsfor improvement in future life conditions among a group of persons with serious mental illnesses.Interviews with 301 clients of 3 clinics at a publicpsychiatric facility serving West Brooklyn and StatenIsland provide the data from the study. Outcome measures include

Allan V. Horwitz; Thomas Uttaro

1998-01-01

260

Health sciences librarians and mental health laws.  

PubMed Central

Two U.S. Supreme Court decisions, O'Connor v. Donaldson and Bounds v. Smith, hold important implications for health sciences librarians serving in mental health facilities. The first, O'Connor, with its many ancillary holdings, puts mental health personnel on notice that patients have certain basic rights, which courts all over the country will now be required to enforce. In Bounds the court has ruled that prison authorities must assist prison inmates in preparing and filing legal papers. The ruling will most likely benefit all mentally disabled prisoners, and future litigation may expand this category to include: (1) persons committed under the criminal code, (2) persons under involuntary commitment not related to the criminal code, and (3) persons voluntarily committed. A selective annotated bibliography, consisting of background readings in mental health and the law, basic rights, law library materials, and mental health legal services, has been compiled to help librarians establish and develop legal collections in anticipation of court decisions that will expand the conditions of Bounds to include all mentally disabled patients.

Hartz, F R

1978-01-01

261

Issues in Mental Health Counseling with Persons with Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews mental-health issues concerning persons with mental retardation, particularly as these issues apply to mental-health counseling. Included in this review is a discussion of the prevalence of psychopathology, types of problems presented, issues in clinical bias, access to community services, assessment techniques, and specific…

Prout, H. Thompson; Strohmer, Douglas C.

1998-01-01

262

Mental Health Needs of the Chronically Mentally Ill Elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The treatment histories and current social, financial, and clinical status of 111 chronically mentally ill (CMI) persons over the age of 60 were examined. Information was obtained from Ss, family, mental health records, and mental health professionals familiar with Ss. Psychiatric symptoms were observed in 74% of Ss. Many Ss experienced long periods without acute episodes of illness. Recurring episodes

Suzanne Meeks; Laura L. Carstensen; Philip B. Stafford; Laura L. Brenner; Frank Weathers; Rhonda Welch; Thomas F. Oltmanns

1990-01-01

263

Best Health Depression app Best Health Depression app.  

PubMed

This award-winning app from the BMJ Group's Best Health series provides information in plain English about depression, treatments, potential implications and advice on how to take control of the condition. PMID:24020558

2013-09-11

264

Mental health access to care in Missouri.  

PubMed

Mental illnesses are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, affecting, in some estimates, up to one in four adults or 57.7 million people. Severe psychiatric disorders, like schizophrenia, bipolar and major depression occur in one in seventeen Americans. Moreover, serious mental illnesses affect children at rates approaching 10%. Addictive disorders co-occurring with other mental illnesses affect over five million adults. The direct cost of these illnesses is high, totaling 16 billion dollars per year; dwarfed by the indirect costs of loss productivity which is four times as much. Individuals diagnosed with mental disorders have significantly higher rates of school dropout, homelessness, incarceration, and suicide. Embedded in these statistics is a concerning fact; access to care for those with psychiatric disorders is poor, with only one-third of adults and half the children diagnosed receiving care in any given year. These numbers are worse if the person is a racial or ethnic minority. This paper hopes to highlight the state of mental health treatment first in the United States and then in our state of Missouri. The news is sobering but there are pockets of good news as well. PMID:23362651

Shoyinka, Sosunmolu; Lauriello, John

265

Misdiagnosing the Problem: Mental Health Profiles of Incarcerated Juveniles  

PubMed Central

Aggression, antisocial and delinquent behavior frequently result in the incarceration of a large number of young people, but these problems pale in comparison to the mental health challenges faced by many of these youth. Recent studies show a high prevalence of mental disorders among adolescents within the justice system. These findings have led researchers, clinicians and policy-makers to re-evaluate the assessment and treatment options that are available for youth within correctional facilities. This article provides a concise review of the most recent research related to mental health disorders among incarcerated juveniles within Canada and the United States. Rates of some of the most common mental health disorders among juveniles, including depression, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity and substance use are summarized. Throughout the review, issues related to co-morbidity and gender differences are highlighted. The implications of mental health disorders for juvenile justice policy and practice are discussed.

Odgers, Candice L.; Burnette, Mandi L.; Chauhan, Preeti; Moretti, Marlene M.; Reppucci, N. Dickon

2005-01-01

266

Mental health disorders and solid-organ transplant recipients.  

PubMed

Depression affects up to 60% of solid-organ recipients and is independently associated with both mortality (hazard ratio for death of ?2) and de novo malignancy after transplantation, although the mechanism is not clear. Both pretransplantation psychosis and depression occurring more than 2 years after transplantation are associated with increased noncompliance and graft loss. It remains to be shown that effective treatment of depression is associated with improved outcomes and quality of life. Immunosuppressive drugs (especially corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors) and physiologic challenges can precipitate deterioration in mental health. All potential transplant candidates should be assessed for mental health problems and preexisting medical conditions that can mimic mental health problems, such as uremic, hepatic, or hypoxic encephalopathy, should be identified and treated appropriately. Expert mental health review of those with identified risk factors (such as previous suicide attempts, history of mental illness or noncompliance with medications) is advisable early in the transplant assessment process to mitigate risk and support the patient. Patients with mental health disorders, when adequately controlled and socially supported, have outcomes similar to the general transplant population. Therefore, exclusion from transplantation based on the diagnosis alone is neither ethically nor medically justified. However, it is ethically and clinically justifiable to deny access to transplantation to those who, despite full support, would have a quality of life that is unacceptable to the candidate or are likely to be noncompliant with treatment or follow-up, which would lead to graft loss. PMID:23743726

Corbett, Chris; Armstrong, Matthew J; Parker, Richard; Webb, Kerry; Neuberger, James M

2013-10-01

267

Leadership and mental health nursing.  

PubMed

This discussion paper argues for the critical importance of successful leadership for effective mental health nursing, observing that nursing leadership has long been regarded problematically by the profession. Using empirical and theoretical evidence we debate what leadership styles and strategies are most likely to result in effective, recovery-orientated mental health nursing. Models of transformational and distributed leadership are found to be highly congruent with mental health nursing values, yet the literature suggests it is a type of leadership more often desired than experienced. We note how the scholarly literature tends to ignore the "elephant in the room" that is organizational power, and we question whether transformational leadership pursued within a specific clinical context can influence beyond those confines. Nevertheless it is within these contexts that consumers experience nursing, effective or otherwise, thus we should advocate what is known about effective leadership wherever it is required. PMID:21932925

Cleary, Michelle; Horsfall, Jan; Deacon, Maureen; Jackson, Debra

2011-01-01

268

Mental Health: Overcoming the Stigma of Mental Illness  

MedlinePLUS

... support (2) Intervention: Help a loved one overcome addiction Mental health: Overcoming the stigma of mental illness ... Section Focus Intervention: Help a loved one overcome addiction Multiple options exist for dealing with adversity Don' ...

269

Primary Care-Mental Health Integration Programs in the Veterans Affairs Health System Serve a Different Patient Population Than Specialty Mental Health Clinics  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess whether Primary Care–Mental Health Integration (PC-MHI) programs within the Veterans Affairs (VA) health system provide services to patient subgroups that may be underrepresented in specialty mental health care, including older patients and women, and to explore whether PC-MHI served individuals with less severe mental health disorders compared to specialty mental health clinics. Method: Data were obtained from the VA National Patient Care Database for a random sample of VA patients, and primary care patients with an ICD-9-CM mental health diagnosis (N = 243,806) in 2009 were identified. Demographic and clinical characteristics between patients who received mental health treatment exclusively in a specialty mental health clinic (n = 128,248) or exclusively in a PC-MHI setting (n = 8,485) were then compared. Characteristics of patients who used both types of services were also explored. Results: Compared to patients treated in specialty mental health clinics, PC-MHI service users were more likely to be aged 65 years or older (26.4% vs 17.9%, P < .001) and female (8.6% vs 7.7%, P = .003). PC-MHI patients were more likely than specialty mental health clinic patients to be diagnosed with a depressive disorder other than major depression, an unspecified anxiety disorder, or an adjustment disorder (P < .001) and less likely to be diagnosed with more severe disorders, including bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, psychotic disorders, and alcohol or substance dependence (P < .001). Conclusions: Primary Care–Mental Health Integration within the VA health system reaches demographic subgroups that are traditionally less likely to use specialty mental health care. By treating patients with less severe mental health disorders, PC-MHI appears to expand upon, rather than duplicate, specialty care services.

Szymanski, Benjamin R.; Zivin, Kara; McCarthy, John F.; Valenstein, Marcia; Pfeiffer, Paul N.

2012-01-01

270

The relationship between cannabis use, depression and anxiety among Australian adults: findings from the National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This study aimed to examine the patterns of association between cannabis use, and anxiety and affective disorders, in the\\u000a general population. Method: Data from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being, a representative survey of Australians aged 18\\u000a years and over, were analysed to address the following questions: (1) is there an association between cannabis use, DSM-IV

L. Degenhardt; W. Hall; M. Lynskey

2001-01-01

271

School-Based Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 20% of children and adoles- cents have mental health problems. Health care profes- sionals for children and adolescents must educate key stakeholders about the extent of these problems and work together with them to increase access to mental health resources. School-based programs offer the prom- ise of improving access to diagnosis of and treatment for the mental health

David Satcher

272

Global mental health: the role of psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the huge personal and social impact of mental illnesses, mental health globally is widely neglected and marginalised.\\u000a A conceptual change in thinking, from the biomedical to a public health model, is essential for integrating mental health\\u000a services into health systems across the globe. This article discusses the burden of mental health globally, resources available\\u000a to tackle the massive burden,

Benedetto Saraceno; Tarun Dua

2009-01-01

273

Mental Health Service Delivery Systems and Perceived Qualifications of Mental Health Service Providers in School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latest research on the mental health status of children indicates that schools are key providers of mental health services (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2003). The push for school mental health services has only increased as stakeholders have begun to recognize the significance of sound mental health as an essential part of…

Dixon, Decia Nicole

2009-01-01

274

The specialist youth mental health model: strengthening the weakest link in the public mental health system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite mental disorders being the dominant health issue confronting young people, youth mental health is yet to be recognised as a discrete, unified program area; responsibility for young people's mental health is currently split across multiple levels of government. • Public specialist mental health services have followed a paediatric-adult split in service delivery, mirroring general and acute health care. The

Patrick D McGorry

2007-01-01

275

Ageism in Mental Health and Health Care: A Critical Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions of aging and mental health widely assume that ageism among mental health providers is an important factor limiting access to mental health services for older adults. Given the widespread citation of ageism as a problem, we critically review the history of the ageism construct, and evidence for its existence in both mental health and medical professionals. There is surprisingly

Claire Robb; Hongbin Chen; William E. Haley

2002-01-01

276

Role of zinc in maternal and child mental health1234  

PubMed Central

Mental health problems in women, children, and adolescents are a significant public health issue. Given current barriers to the effective treatment of these problems, researchers are looking to the field of nutrition for potential alternatives to better understand and address mental health issues. The purpose of this article was to review current evidence on the relation between zinc and mental health disorders with a focus on 2 mental health problems that commonly affect women and children: depression and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A literature search of the databases Medline and PsychInfo was conducted with the use of key terms. The review included articles from 1975 to May 2008, but focused on articles published in recent years. Relations between zinc concentrations and behavior in animals; the relation between zinc deficiency, depression, and ADHD in patient and community samples; and the potential biological mechanisms for these relations were explored. The data support a relation between low concentrations of zinc and mental health problems, especially in at-risk populations. Evidence for the potential use of zinc in treating mental health problems comes mainly from patient populations and is strongest when zinc is given in combination with pharmacologic treatment. Less conclusive evidence exists for the effectiveness of zinc alone or in general community samples. Recommendations for further research in this area are provided.

Ramirez-Zea, Manuel

2009-01-01

277

Unmasking a Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression: How Lapses in Mental Control Reveal Depressive Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research tested the idea that a cognitive vulnerability to depression can be concealed by thought suppression and revealed when cognitive demands undermine mental control. Depressive, at-risk, and nondepressive participants unscrambled sentences that could form either positive or depressive statements. Half of the participants also received a cognitive load. The results indicated that without a load, at-risk participants showed little

Richard M. Wenzlaff; Danielle E. Bates

1998-01-01

278

Mental health and polygamy: The Syrian case  

PubMed Central

AIM: To examine the psychological, self-esteem (SE), family function, marital satisfaction, life satisfaction and degree of agreement with the practice of polygamy among polygamous women with a control group from monogamous women in Syria. METHODS: Convenience sample of 136 women, 64 of whom were wives in polygamous marriages and 72 were wives in monogamous marriages participated in this study. A snowball method of sampling was used, conducted by undergraduate local female students trained to collect data according to culturally competent methods. The following research instruments were deployed: the symptoms checklist-90, the Rosenberg SE, the Life Satisfaction, family function and marital satisfaction. RESULTS: Findings revealed that women in polygamous marriages experienced lower SE, less life satisfaction, less marital satisfaction and more mental health symptomatology than women in monogamous marriages. Many of the mental health symptoms were different; noteworthy were elevated somatization, depression, hostility and psychoticism and their general severity index was higher. Furthermore, “first wife syndrome” was examined in polygamous families, comparing first with second and third wives in polygamous marriages. Findings indicated that first wives reported on more family problems, less SE, more anxiety, more paranoid ideation, and more psychoticism than second and third wives. CONCLUSION: These results are best understood through consideration of the socio-cultural and economic realities facing these women. Implications for mental health practice, policy and further research are discussed.

Al-Krenawi, Alean

2013-01-01

279

The neighborhood context of adolescent mental health.  

PubMed

Mental health disorders in adolescence are pervasive, often carry into adulthood, and appear to be inversely associated with social status. We examine how structural aspects of neighborhood context, specifically, socioeconomic stratification and racial/ethnic segregation, affect adolescent emotional well-being by shaping subjective perceptions of their neighborhoods. Using a community-based sample of 877 adolescents in Los Angeles County, we find that youth in low socioeconomic status (SES) neighborhoods perceive greater ambient hazards such as crime, violence, drug use, and graffiti than those in high SES neighborhoods. The perception of the neighborhood as dangerous, in turn, influences the mental health of adolescents: the more threatening the neighborhood, the more common the symptoms of depression, anxiety, oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder. Social stability and, to a lesser extent, social cohesion, also emerge as contributors to adolescent disorder. This investigation demonstrates that research into the mental health of young people should consider the socioeconomic and demographic environments in which they live. PMID:8997886

Aneshensel, C S; Sucoff, C A

1996-12-01

280

Mental Health and Asian Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... States. 2 Southeast Asian refugees are at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with trauma experienced before and after ... refugees receiving mental health care were diagnosed with PTSD. 3 For Asian Americans, the rate of serious psychological distress ...

281

Mental health care in Cambodia.  

PubMed Central

An effort is being made in Cambodia to involve grass-roots personnel in the integration of the care of the mentally ill into a broad framework of health services. This undertaking is examined with particular reference to the work of the Transcultural Psychosocial Organization.

Somasundaram, D. J.; van de Put, W. A.

1999-01-01

282

Volunteers in Community Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet gives detailed accounts of mental health programs in operation around the nation. A total of nine different types of activities is included. "Helping Children" describes a program whereby students from nearby colleges give troubled children, at home, an experience in friendship by serving as big brothers or sisters. "Helping the…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.

283

Women, catastrophe and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the concept of catastrophic experience, its relationship to the range of acute and prolonged stressors to which women may be exposed and the broad impacts on their mental health and well-being. It identifies catastrophe in terms of multiple accumulated stresses including death, loss, victimization, demoralization, shame, stigmatization, helplessness and identity. Catastrophic experiences include personal violence in domestic

Beverley Raphael; Mel Taylor; Virginia McAndrew

2008-01-01

284

Children's Mental Health. Beginnings Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents four articles discussing mental health issues that pertain to early childhood education: "Granting Children Their Emotions" (Ilse Elisabeth Plattner); "Double Vision: Parent and Professional Perspectives on Our Family's Year in Crisis" (Kirsten Haugen); "Coping with Stress and Surviving Challenging Times" (Alan Cohen); and "When the World…

Plattner, Ilse Elisabeth; Haugen, Kirsten; Cohen, Alan; Levin, Diane E.

2003-01-01

285

Globalization, Conflict and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violent conflict for political ends, including war and civil war, is a major cause of mental ill health and although there are different approaches and ways to understand this relationship some consensus is emerging on the psychological, social and cross sector responses to post conflict situations. Globalization has changed the relationships of nation states, corporations and international organizations creating different

Jack Piachaud

2008-01-01

286

Sex, relationships and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the sexuality of people with mental health problems raises important clinical, social and legal concerns, there is relatively little written about the subject, and it is clear that staff often feel confused and embarrassed when discussing these issues with colleagues, carers and service users. Staff are often unsure about how to balance service users' rights to live a full

Richard Pacitti; Graham Thornicroft

2009-01-01

287

State Child Mental Health Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph is based on experiences of the national Child and Adolescent Service System Program (CASSP) and describes a plan for developing and implementing community based systems of care for children and adolescents with serious emotional disorders and their families. It draws on examples from state mental health plans to illustrate planning…

Pires, Sheila A.

288

Cultural diversity and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adopting an integrative approach to mental health is especially important when working with people from diverse cultural backgrounds. In order to render culturally sensitive practice, we need to be immersed in the philosophical, contextual, and experiential considerations of the cultural group with whom we work. Comprehensive assessment and intervention involves bridging disciplines to gain a more holistic appreciation for the

Susan James; Isaac Prilleltensky

2002-01-01

289

Educating the future mental health executive: A public health approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mental health program we are developing at the Yale School of Public Health has as its basic element a broad introduction to the concepts and principles of public health and mental health administration and is rooted in concern for community well-being. It is our belief that this combination of public healthmental health training will produce administrators for

Sheila W. Wellington; Elizabeth C. Bellis

1976-01-01

290

Could better jobs improve mental health? A prospective study of change in work conditions and mental health in mid-aged adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo investigate the extent improvement or deterioration in employee job security, control or workload is associated with a change in mental health.DesignSelf-report panel data (2000, 2004) on mental health (symptoms of depression and generalised anxiety) and job demands, control and insecurity. Changes in exposures and outcomes were calculated by subtracting wave 1 from wave 2 scores. Changes in mental health

Lyndall Strazdins; Rennie M DSouza; Mark Clements; Dorothy H Broom; Bryan Rodgers; Helen L Berry

2010-01-01

291

Paraprofessional Roles in Rural Mental Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paraprofessional roles in rural mental health project which emphasized early detection and/or prevention of potential mental health crises, use of community alternatives to institutionalization and reduction of need for institutionalization or long-te...

J. Shybut

1981-01-01

292

Ambulatory Mental Health Care Guidelines (for Massachusetts).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Determination of Need (DoN) Mental Health Clinic Guidelines promulgated on June 27, 1978, considered the minimum range of services appropriate for a mental health clinic by relying heavily upon the Medicaid Conditions of Participation for detailed sta...

1984-01-01

293

Social Capital and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social capital is a compound and complex construct, an umbrella term under which social cohesion, social support, social integration\\u000a and\\/or participation are often lumped together. Beyond its growing appeal to policy makers, practitioners and researchers\\u000a in public health in general and mental health in particular, social capital is now also an integral part of broad-based discussions\\u000a on social-ecological resilience, ecosystem

Astier M. Almedom; Douglas Glandon

294

Mental health policy development in Africa.  

PubMed Central

Mental health issues are usually given very low priority in health service policies. Although this is changing, African countries are still confronted with so many problems caused by communicable diseases and malnutrition that they have not waken up to the impact of mental disorders. Every country must formulate a mental health policy based on its own social and cultural realities. Such policies must take into account the scope of mental health problems, provide proven and affordable interventions, safeguard patients' rights, and ensure equity.

Gureje, O.; Alem, A.

2000-01-01

295

The treatment gap in mental health care.  

PubMed Central

Mental disorders are highly prevalent and cause considerable suffering and disease burden. To compound this public health problem, many individuals with psychiatric disorders remain untreated although effective treatments exist. We examine the extent of this treatment gap. We reviewed community-based psychiatric epidemiology studies that used standardized diagnostic instruments and included data on the percentage of individuals receiving care for schizophrenia and other non-affective psychotic disorders, major depression, dysthymia, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and alcohol abuse or dependence. The median rates of untreated cases of these disorders were calculated across the studies. Examples of the estimation of the treatment gap for WHO regions are also presented. Thirty-seven studies had information on service utilization. The median treatment gap for schizophrenia, including other non-affective psychosis, was 32.2%. For other disorders the gap was: depression, 56.3%; dysthymia, 56.0%; bipolar disorder, 50.2%; panic disorder, 55.9%; GAD, 57.5%; and OCD, 57.3%. Alcohol abuse and dependence had the widest treatment gap at 78.1%. The treatment gap for mental disorders is universally large, though it varies across regions. It is likely that the gap reported here is an underestimate due to the unavailability of community-based data from developing countries where services are scarcer. To address this major public health challenge, WHO has adopted in 2002 a global action programme that has been endorsed by the Member States.

Kohn, Robert; Saxena, Shekhar; Levav, Itzhak; Saraceno, Benedetto

2004-01-01

296

Mental Health: African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... education, employment, and health care. However, strong social, religious, and family connections have helped many African Americans ... church and community to cope. The level of religious commitment among African Americans is high. In one ...

297

Homelessness, the chronic mentally ill and community mental health centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current efforts in the development of improved systems of care for the chronically mentally ill represent yet another phase in the evolution of mental health policy in this country. As described in the literature (Goldman and Morrissey 1985), the history of public policy on behalf of the mentally ill reflects a cyclical pattern of institutional reforms. Each cycle is marked

A. Anthony Arce; Michael J. Vergare

1987-01-01

298

Concordance between two measures of depression in the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

A concordance analysis between the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) for current major depression was conducted using data from Cuban Americans and Puerto Rican respondents to the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES). Overall agreement between the two depression measures was relatively high, which suggested

M. J. Cho; E. K. Mo?cicki; W. E. Narrow; D. A. Regier; B. Z. Locke

1993-01-01

299

Telepsychiatry and e-Mental Health Services: Potential for Improving Access to Mental Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reforming mental health care is a focus of many ongoing initiatives in the United States, both at the national and state levels. Access to adequate mental health care services is one of the identified problems. Telepsychiatry and e-mental health services could improve access to mental health care in rural, remote and underserved areas. The authors discuss the required technology, common

Kaye L. McGinty; Sy Atezaz Saeed; Scott C. Simmons; Yilmaz Yildirim

2006-01-01

300

International Observatory on Mental Health Systems: a mental health research and development network  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: While the mental health situation for most people in low and middle-income countries is unsatisfactory, there is a renewed commitment to focus attention on the mental health of populations and on the scaling up of mental health services that have the capacity to respond to mental health service needs. There is general agreement that scaling up activities must be

Harry Minas

2009-01-01

301

Mental Health Care System and Mental Health Expenditures in the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Although the mental health care is a substantial component of the health system in the Czech Republic, there is a lack of information and research on mental health expenditures. Determining the level and profile of mental health expenditures is the first step in achieving awareness of the cost of mental illness to society. Aims of the Study: To describe

Martin Dlouhy

2004-01-01

302

Indian Adolescent Mental Health. OTA Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs is considering legislation to improve mental health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives. This report is in response to the Committee's request for information on the mental health needs of Indian adolescents and the services available to them. The section on mental health problems among…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

303

The Quality of VA Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines whether male and female veterans differ on either subjective or objective measures of the quality of VA mental health care. The study sample were all discharged with a psychiatric diagnosis from a VA inpatient mental health program. Results indicate that women were less satisfied with inpatient care, but were mixed on their satisfaction with overall mental health

Rani A. Hoff; Robert A. Rosenheck; Mark Materko; Nancy J. Wilson

1998-01-01

304

Community attitudes about mental health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community attitudes toward a new mental health center were surveyed by calling 110 randomly selected residences. Drugs and alcohol were seen as the community's most pressing social problem. Respondents were favorable to mental health centers and public funding and had accurate information about many aspects of mental health problems, although misinformation about types of services, professional staffing, and length of

Spencer A. McWilliams; Larry A. Morris

1974-01-01

305

Comprehensive Planning for Mental Health in Illinois.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report by the Illinois Mental Health Planning Board on comprehensive community-based mental health planning in the State is provided. Five goals of mental health planning are delineated: (1) create a system that is physically able to offer appropriate s...

1975-01-01

306

Ethnic Issues in Adolescent Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The essays collected in this book examine the effects of ethnicity on the mental health of adolescents. A dual set of issues emerges throughout the volume: the importance of adolescent mental health in contributing to adult well-being, and the necessity of understanding ethnicity in studying and treating mental health problems. The book is…

Stiffman, Arlene Rubin, Ed.; Davis, Larry E., Ed.

307

Insomnia and Mental Health in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Insomnia is strongly associated with certain mental health problems in the general population. However, there is little research examining this relation in young adults—an age group where many mental health problems first present. This study examined relations between insomnia and mental health symptoms in a college population (N = 373; 60.9% women; mean age of 21 years). Insomnia was assessed

Daniel J. Taylor; Christie E. Gardner; Adam D. Bramoweth; Jacob M. Williams; Brandy M. Roane; Emily A. Grieser; Jolyn I. Tatum

2011-01-01

308

Marital Rights, Mental Health, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author discusses a comprehensive literature review on the mental health effects of marriage denial on lesbians and gay men and the role of mental health arguments in advocacy for marriage equality. The review, by Gil Herdt and Robert Kertzner, studied more than 150 reports on how marriage is related to mental health and the psychological effects of discrimination as

Robert Kertzner

2009-01-01

309

Development of Mental Health Programs in Correction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health programs have not made a significant impact on the correctional field as a whole. Both the shortcomings of the correctional environment, which have been stressed, and the shortcomings of the mental health approach in correction, which have been ignored, have contributed to this failure. Despite these inadequacies, mental health personnel can make useful contri butions in the correctional

Asher R. Pacht; Seymour L. Halleck

1966-01-01

310

Handbook of Infant Mental Health. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This revised edition offers an interdisciplinary analysis of the developmental, clinical, and social aspects of mental health from birth to age 3. Chapters are organized into five areas, covering the context of mental health, risk and protective factors, assessment, psychopathology, intervention, and applications of infant mental health. The…

Zeanah, Charles H., Jr., Ed.

311

Client Outcome Evaluation in Mental Health Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome evaluation assesses the results or benefits of mental health services received by clients or communities by comparing descriptive data on the mental health status of clients at different points in time. It aids clinicians and managers in planning programs and managing clinical services. A mental health center should establish goal-oriented…

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

312

Engaging families in child mental health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decade has brought important advances in the area of children's mental health, including a concerted focus on building a scientific base for un- derstanding the mental health difficulties that our most vulnerable members of society experience and examining the impact of services that potentially reduce child mental health needs (1,2). Serious concern remains, however, as to whether the

Mary M. McKay; William M. Bannon Jr

2004-01-01

313

Perceived Age Discrimination and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although perceived discrimination (especially due to race-ethnicity) decreases mental health, the influence of perceived discrimination due to other reasons on mental health needs to be explored. This study examines the relationship between perceived age discrimination and mental health and determines whether psychosocial resources explain or…

Yuan, Anastasia S. Vogt

2007-01-01

314

Perceived Age Discrimination and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although perceived discrimination (especially due to race-ethnicity) decreases mental health, the influence of perceived discrimination due to other reasons on mental health needs to be explored. This study examines the relationship between perceived age discrimination and mental health and determines whether psychosocial resources explain or…

Yuan, Anastasia S. Vogt

2007-01-01

315

Mental Health Triage in Emergency Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to: (i) develop a triage scale consistent with the National Triage Scale (NTS) for patients with mental health problems attending emergency departments; and (ii) to reduce emergency waiting times, transit times and improve skills assessing mental health problems.Method: We developed a Mental Health Triage Scale (MHTS) consistent with the NTS. The MHTS was

David Smart; Cecily Pollard; Bryan Walpole

1999-01-01

316

Leveraging Mental Health Dollars into Your District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By addressing common reasons that schools and mental health partners often cannot sustain sufficient school-based mental health services, Connecting With Care (CWC)--a mental health collaboration that places full-time clinicians in schools in Boston's most under-served urban neighborhood--is demonstrating how schools and districts can leverage…

Kilkenny, Robert; Katz, Nechama; Baron, Lisa

2009-01-01

317

Factors Associated with Mental Health Service Utilization Among Korean American Immigrants.  

PubMed

This study adapted Andersen's Health Belief Model to examine the predictors of mental health services utilization among Korean American (KA) immigrants. A cross-sectional survey was used to gather data on 363 KA immigrants 18 years and older residing in New York City. Predisposing factors included gender, age, marital status, education, length of stay in the US, and religion; the need factor was depression; and enabling factors included health insurance, English proficiency, income, and perceived need for help. Approximately 8.5 % of participants reported having utilized mental health services, while 23 % reported having depressive symptoms. Shorter duration of residence in the US, lower income, and the presence of perceived need for help were significantly related to use of mental health services. The perceived need for help mediated the relationship between depression and mental health service utilization. Failure to perceive the need for psychological help continues to be a major reason that KA immigrants do not use mental health services. PMID:23417654

Park, So Youn; Cho, Sunhee; Park, Yeddi; Bernstein, Kunsook S; Shin, Jinah K

2013-02-16

318

Transforming the Nation's Health: Next Steps in Mental Health Promotion  

PubMed Central

The National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine have called for making the healthy mental, emotional, and behavioral development of young people a national priority. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in the US Department of Health and Human Services is uniquely positioned to help develop national mental health policies that promote mental health and prevent mental illnesses. In this article I describe the role of mental health in overall health, I make the case for a public health approach to mental health promotion and mental illness prevention, and I outline a strategy to promote individual, family, and community resilience. I also describe how SAMHSA works to achieve these goals. Ultimately, true health reform will not succeed without a comprehensive, committed focus on the mental health needs of all Americans.

2010-01-01

319

The collaborative model of mental health care for older Iowans.  

PubMed

Collaborative models of mental health care, such as Improving Mood-Promoting Access to Collaborative Treatment (IMPACT) and Primary Care Research in Substance Abuse and Mental Health for the Elderly (PRISM-E), have become a standard, evidence-based approach in providing care to older adults with depression. This article describes the development, evaluation, and sustainability plans for a new model, the Collaborative Model of Mental Health Care for Older Iowans (the Iowa Model). The Iowa Model reflects a state-of-the-art approach relative to existing collaborative models targeting older adults. This model allows for a greater range of mental health problems to be identified and treated, facilitates flexibility in staffing and other site-specific operations, requires formal diagnostic assessments, and supports a treatment plan that goes well beyond symptom-specific, time-limited approaches. Importantly, the Iowa Model features an implementation strategy that focuses on the administrative and financing operations needed to ensure successful development. PMID:20635804

Kaskie, Brian P; Buckwalter, Kathleen C

2010-06-30

320

Community-based mental health care in Africa: mental health workers' views MENTAL HEALTH POLICY PAPER  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Western countries, community-based mental health services are now becoming the preferred model for delivery of psychiatric care, in contrast to the more traditional men- tal hospital-based services. The World Health Organization (WHO) is a proponent of such an approach, not only in the high- and middle-income countries of the West, but also in low-income developing countries (1). In the

ATALAY ALEM; LARS JACOBSSON; CHARLOTTE HANLON

321

Treatment outcome of school-based mental health services for urban teenagers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This pilot study assessed the treatment outcome of mental health services for high school students enrolled in a school-based health clinic in Baltimore. Compared to students receiving no mental health treatment (n = 34), treated students (n = 39) showed improvements in self-concept and decreased depression scores following the receipt of individual therapy services (augmented for some students with group

Mark D. Weist; David A. Paskewitz; Beth S. Warner; Lois T. Flaherty

1996-01-01

322

Neighborhood Processes, Self-Efficacy, and Adolescent Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Self-efficacy beliefs are central to mental health. Because adolescents' neighborhoods shape opportunities for experiences of control, predictability, and safety, we propose that neighborhood conditions are associated with adolescents' self-efficacy and, in turn, their internalizing problems (i.e., depression/anxiety symptoms). We tested these…

Dupere, Veronique; Leventhal, Tama; Vitaro, Frank

2012-01-01

323

Gender, Race, and the Self in Mental Health and Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strong and consistent gender differences exist in mental health problems and crime. Females suffer more from internalizing problems, including depression and anxiety, while males predominate in externalizing problems, which include delinquency, aggression, and substance abuse. These gender differences vary by race, however. Although gender differences in externalizing problems remain considerable across race, gender differences in internalizing problems are far greater

SARAH ROSENFIELD; JULIE PHILLIPS; HELENE WHITE

2006-01-01

324

A Predictive Model of Older Widow's Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The loss of one's spouse is a disorganizing life event. This study explores the mental health of older women who have lost a spouse. The specific aims of this study were: (1) to identify the incidence of depression or other psychiatric morbidity among widows during the first two years of bereavement; and (2) to evaluate a model which…

O'Brien, Ruth A.

325

A Program To Educate School Nurses about Mental Health Interventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an educational program, which helped school nurses identify potential mental health problems. All school nurses in one district received the education, and six nurses developed and implemented practice improvement projects with at-risk students. The sessions addressed pathways to violence, therapeutic communication, and depression and…

Hootman, Janis; Houck, Gail M.; King, Mary Catherine

2002-01-01

326

Review of Mental Health Components of Health Systems Plans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This review of mental health components in health systems plans (HSP's), with each component organized by problem identification and problem solution categories, is intended to provide New England mental health planners with information on what other heal...

T. Silverstein

1979-01-01

327

Mental health promotion and the prevention of mental disorders in South Africa.  

PubMed

The need for greater attention to mental health promotion and the prevention of mental disorders in South Africa is highlighted by the cycle of poverty and mental ill-health, the potential for social gains, the question of affordability of treatment in the face of the increasing burden of mental disorders, and the limitations of existing treatment methods. This article, which provides a desk review of the current status of mental health promotion and prevention of mental disorders in South Africa, suggests that South Africa has a number of policies that bode well for promoting mental health from infancy through to old age. There is, however, a need for programmatic interventions to promote resilience in vulnerable populations. Of note, is the need for programmes to address maternal depression and strengthen attachment and psychosocial stimulation during infancy, strengthen families, promote health enhancing school environments, and address intimate partner violence and build health enhancing social capital. Given the multifaceted nature of risk and protective influences, the need for a multi-sectoral plan of action is highlighted. PMID:23340522

Petersen, I; Bhana, A; Swartz, L

2012-11-01

328

Social contagion of mental health: evidence from college roommates.  

PubMed

From a policy standpoint, the spread of health conditions in social networks is important to quantify, because it implies externalities and possible market failures in the consumption of health interventions. Recent studies conclude that happiness and depression may be highly contagious across social ties. The results may be biased, however, because of selection and common shocks. We provide unbiased estimates by using exogenous variation from college roommate assignments. Our findings are consistent with no significant overall contagion of mental health and no more than small contagion effects for specific mental health measures, with no evidence for happiness contagion and modest evidence for anxiety and depression contagion. The weakness of the contagion effects cannot be explained by avoidance of roommates with poor mental health or by generally low social contact among roommates. We also find that similarity of baseline mental health predicts the closeness of roommate relationships, which highlights the potential for selection biases in studies of peer effects that do not have a clearly exogenous source of variation. Overall, our results suggest that mental health contagion is lower, or at least more context specific, than implied by the recent studies in the medical literature. PMID:23055446

Eisenberg, Daniel; Golberstein, Ezra; Whitlock, Janis L; Downs, Marilyn F

2012-10-11

329

General Practitioners' opinions on their practice in mental health and their collaboration with mental health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Common mental health problems are mainly treated in primary care settings and collaboration with mental health services is needed. Prior to re-organisation of the mental health care offer in a geographical area, a study was organized: 1) to evaluate GPs' opinions on their day-to-day practice with Patients with Mental Health Problems (PMHP) and on relationships with Mental Health Professionals

Nadia Younes; Isabelle Gasquet; Pierre Gaudebout; Marie-Pierre Chaillet; Viviane Kovess; Bruno Falissard; Marie-Christine Hardy Bayle

2005-01-01

330

Rural mental health: neither romanticism nor despair.  

PubMed

This paper explores the relationship between rural places and mental health. It begins with a definition of mental health and an outline of the data that have led to the current concern with promoting positive mental health. We then consider aspects of rural life and place that contribute to positive mental health or increase the likelihood of mental health problems. Issues identified include environment, place, gender identity, violence and dispossession and the influence of the effects of structural changes in rural communities. The paper concludes with a discussion of some of the determinants of resilience in rural places, including social connectedness, valuing diversity and economic participation. PMID:11249401

Wainer, J; Chesters, J

2000-06-01

331

Farming and Mental Health Problems and Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Farmers experience one of the highest rates of suicide of any industry and there is growing evidence that those involved in farming are at higher risk of developing mental health problems. This article provides an overview of the literature examining mental health issues experienced by farming populations in the United Kingdom, Europe, Australia, Canada and the United States and

C. E. Fraser; K. B. Smith; F. Judd; J. S. Humphreys; L. J. Fragar; A. Henderson

2005-01-01

332

Mental health promotion and mental illness prevention: the economic case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental ill health is the largest single cause of disability in the UK, contributing almost 23% of the overall burden of disease compared to about 16% each for cancer and cardiovascular disease. The economic and social costs of mental health problems in England are estimated at around £105 billion each year.

Martin Knapp; David McDaid; Michael Parsonage

2011-01-01

333

Ethical issues in mental health  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review To describe community engaged research (CEnR) and how it may improve the quality of a research study while addressing ethical concerns that communities may have with mental health and substance abuse research. This article includes a review of the literature as well as recommendations from an expert panel convened with funding from the US National Institute of Mental Health. Recent findings CEnR represents a broad spectrum of practices including representation on institutional ethics committees, attitude research with individuals from the study population, engaging community advisory boards, forming research partnerships with community organizations, and including community members as co-investigators. Summary CEnR poses some challenges; for example, it requires funding and training for researchers and community members. However, it offers many benefits to researchers and communities and some form of CEnR is appropriate and feasible in nearly every study involving human participants.

DuBois, James; Bailey-Burch, Brendolyn; Bustillos, Dan; Campbell, Jean; Cottler, Linda; Fisher, Celia; Hadley, Whitney B.; Hoop, Jinger G.; Roberts, Laura; Salter, Erica K.; Sieber, Joan E.; Stevenson, Richard D.

2012-01-01

334

Defendants with Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Health Diagnoses: Faring in a Mental Health Court  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Begun in the late 1990s, mental health courts are specialty criminal courts developed to address the needs of persons with mental illness. Methods: As many persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) may overlap in the mental health court system, we used mental health court records to examine the phenomenology and outcomes of 224…

Burke, M. M.; Griggs, M.; Dykens, E. M.; Hodapp, R. M.

2012-01-01

335

Defendants with Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Health Diagnoses: Faring in a Mental Health Court  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Begun in the late 1990s, mental health courts are specialty criminal courts developed to address the needs of persons with mental illness. Methods: As many persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) may overlap in the mental health court system, we used mental health court records to examine the phenomenology and outcomes of 224…

Burke, M. M.; Griggs, M.; Dykens, E. M.; Hodapp, R. M.

2012-01-01

336

Global Mental Health 2 Resources for mental health: scarcity, inequity, and inefficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resources for mental health include policy and infrastructure within countries, mental health services, community resources, human resources, and funding. We discuss here the general availability of these resources, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. Government spending on mental health in most of the relevant countries is far lower than is needed, based on the proportionate burden of mental disorders and

Shekhar Saxena; Graham Thornicroft; Martin Knapp; Harvey Whiteford

337

Obesity among those with mental disorders: a National Institute of Mental Health meeting report.  

PubMed

The National Institute of Mental Health convened a meeting in October 2005 to review the literature on obesity, nutrition, and physical activity among those with mental disorders. The findings of this meeting and subsequent update of the literature review are summarized here. Levels of obesity are higher in those with schizophrenia and depression, as is mortality from obesity-related conditions such as coronary heart disease. Medication side effects, particularly the metabolic side effects of antipsychotic medications, contribute to the high levels of obesity in those with schizophrenia, but increased obesity and visceral adiposity have been found in some but not all samples of drug-naïve patients as well. Many of the weight-management strategies used in the general population may be applicable to those with mental disorders, but little is known about the effects of these strategies on this patient population or how these strategies may need to be adapted for the unique needs of those with mental disorders. The minimal research on weight-management programs for those with mental disorders indicates that meaningful changes in dietary intake and physical activity are possible. Physical activity is an important component of any weight-management program, particularly for those with depression, for which a substantial body of research indicates both mental and physical health benefits. Obesity among those with mental disorders has not received adequate research attention, and empirically-based interventions to address the increasing prevalence of obesity and risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in this population are lacking. PMID:19285199

Allison, David B; Newcomer, John W; Dunn, Andrea L; Blumenthal, James A; Fabricatore, Anthony N; Daumit, Gail L; Cope, Mark B; Riley, William T; Vreeland, Betty; Hibbeln, Joseph R; Alpert, Jonathan E

2009-04-01

338

Mental Health Net: Professional Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of a much larger meta-resource, this site contains annotated, rated resources in over 25 subject categories, as well as associations, academic departments, employment, mailing lists, and newsgroups, among other resources. MHN has a rating system (one to four stars), based on content, presentation, ease of use, and overall experience. Interestingly, users are also allowed to interactively vote thumbs up or down on annotated resources. Mental Health Net and CMHC Systems maintain this site.

1998-01-01

339

Integrating mental health into cardiovascular disease research in India.  

PubMed

Mental health refers to a diverse field where individuals can cope with daily stress, realize their potential and maintain a state of well-being. In recent years, there has been increasing recognition of the influence of mental health on general health, and in particular on cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors. Epidemiological research has focused on several psychosocial components including social determinants, comorbid psychiatric disorders, psychological stress, coping styles, social support, burden on the family, well-being, life satisfaction, personality and cognitive factors in connection with cardiovascular diseases. There is epidemiological research in India that integrates mental health with common cardiovascular diseases such as coronary health disease and stroke. Data from mental health research is sufficiently compelling to highlight the role of chronic stress, socioeconomic status and psychiatric disorders such as depression, substance use, social networks and support in relation to vulnerability to cardiovascular diseases. There are psychosocial consequences of cardiovascular diseases including deficits in the domains of life skills, coping skills and neurocognition, in addition to caregiver burden. The implications of bio-psychosocial models of assessments and interventions that target complex individual and contextual variables simultaneously on cardiovascular treatment outcomes have highlighted the importance of studying mental health in Indian settings. Integration of mental health into mainstream research is the need of the hour. A multidimensional approach to accomplish this is required including at the level of research conceptualization, discussions with key stakeholders, at the policy level, at the institutional level, and at the clinical and community level. PMID:23448627

Narayanan, Gitanjali; Prabhakaran, Dorairaj

340

All in for mental health: a pilot study of group therapy for people experiencing anxiety and/or depression and a significant other of their choice  

PubMed Central

Background A need to provide treatment for people with anxiety and/or depression, and to provide preventive strategies for individuals who love them has been identified. In response, an innovative group therapy programme for people with anxiety and/or depression and a significant other of their choice was developed and implemented. Methods Mixed methods were employed. Five ‘significant other’ groups were held between May 2005 and June 2006. All group participants were requested to complete the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQol) and Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), pre- and post-therapy, and three months after their last therapy session. In addition, participants who attended groups between July and September 2005 were invited to provide feedback about the group therapy in an individual semi-structured interview. Results Pilot results indicate positive responses from clients, related to facilitation of knowledge and understanding and skills development. For people referred to the group significant improvements were found in the DASS scores, resilience, psychological health and living environment. Limitations Due to the small sample size, and lack of follow-up data and control group, the findings need to be considered with caution and indicate the necessity to collect further data to provide conclusive findings. Conclusions Overall, the outcome of the ‘significant other’ pilot programme was useful, in that it facilitated a number of positive outcomes for participants. Areas for further research have been identified including strategies to improve social relationships, the de-identification with the sick/supporter role, and testing this model with diverse populations and clinical groups.

2008-01-01

341

All in for mental health: a pilot study of group therapy for people experiencing anxiety and/or depression and a significant other of their choice.  

PubMed

Background A need to provide treatment for people with anxiety and/or depression, and to provide preventive strategies for individuals who love them has been identified. In response, an innovative group therapy programme for people with anxiety and/or depression and a significant other of their choice was developed and implemented.Methods Mixed methods were employed. Five 'significant other' groups were held between May 2005 and June 2006. All group participants were requested to complete the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQol) and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), pre- and post-therapy, and three months after their last therapy session. In addition, participants who attended groups between July and September 2005 were invited to provide feedback about the group therapy in an individual semi-structured interview.Results Pilot results indicate positive responses from clients, related to facilitation of knowledge and understanding and skills development. For people referred to the group significant improvements were found in the DASS scores, resilience, psychological health and living environment.Limitations Due to the small sample size, and lack of follow-up data and control group, the findings need to be considered with caution and indicate the necessity to collect further data to provide conclusive findings.Conclusions Overall, the outcome of the 'significant other' pilot programme was useful, in that it facilitated a number of positive outcomes for participants. Areas for further research have been identified including strategies to improve social relationships, the de-identification with the sick/supporter role, and testing this model with diverse populations and clinical groups. PMID:22477845

Dodding, Cj; Nasel, Dd; Murphy, M; Howell, C

2008-03-01

342

The Mental Health of 13–17 Year-Olds in Australia: Findings from the National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of 3 mental disorders (Depressive Disorder, Conduct Disorder and Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder),\\u000a the prevalence of mental health problems, and rates of health-risk behaviours among those with problems, along with patterns\\u000a of service utilisation, are reported for 1490 adolescents aged 13–17 years in Australia. Mental disorders were assessed using\\u000a the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version IV completed by parents.

M. G. Sawyer; L. R. Miller-Lewis; J. J. Clark

2007-01-01

343

Issues in Children's Mental Health. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examines issues related to children's mental health in Virginia. The report discusses the effects of children's mental illness, presents risk and protective factors, and describes the incidence of children's mental health problems. Information specific to Virginia is presented, including the prevalence of youth suicide,…

Nimmo, Margaret L.

344

Police responses for mental health assistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The police have become one of the primary referral agencies for psychiatric assistance in the community. They utilize certain factors that determine the decisions affecting case disposition for every mental health assistance call they receive. This study of a police department's mental health responses for the year 1985 attempts to analyze the police officers' placement decisions for the mentally ill

Mark R. Pogrebin

1986-01-01

345

Patient Advocacy: A Mental Health Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Protection and Advocacy for Mentally Ill Individuals Act of 1986. Describes recent mental health reform history. Defines patient advocates' role and responsibilities. Presents illustrations of types of cases encountered by patient advocate. Explores implications of this role for the mental health counselor. (Author/CM)

Woodside, Marianne R.; Legg, Bobbie H.

1990-01-01

346

Effects of patients with bipolar, schizophrenic, and major depressive disorders on the mental and other healthcare expenses of family members  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family members who live with patients with serious mental disorders incur increased healthcare expenses. A retrospective study measured these increased expenses using administrative data from a large Blue Cross Blue Shield health plan in the USA. Mental and other healthcare expenses of family members of patients with bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or major depression were compared to those of control family

Frank D. Gianfrancesco; Ruey-hua Wang; Elaine Yu

2005-01-01

347

The Italian SEME Surveillance System of Severe Mental Disorders Presenting to Community Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

Mental health is recognized worldwide as a major public health priority for the twenty-first century. Different actions are needed, including developing or strengthening national mental health information systems, based on standardized indicators that allow national and international monitoring. In 2008, the national Centre for Disease prevention and Control of the Italian Ministry of Health and the Mental Health Unit of the Italian National Institute of Health (INIH) jointly launched a mental health information system named SEME (an Italian acronym meaning ‘mental health epidemiological surveillance’) based upon data collected from trained psychiatrists working in 22 selected sentinel community mental health centers distributed across Italy and covering a total population of 1,941,853 inhabitants, in order to collect and report site-level information on first-contact patients suffering from specific severe mental disorders (schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, bipolar I disorder, anorexia nervosa, major depressive episode with psychotic symptoms or suicide attempt). Strengths of the system are the high reliability of diagnoses and the use of a web-based technique for data collection with data entry forms designed for ease of completion. During the first year of implementation of this system, a total of 343 first-contact patients met criteria for one of the severe mental disorders under surveillance. As the system includes standardized instruments to measure psychiatric symptoms and psychosocial functioning, it may facilitate health services research based on longitudinal measurements aimed at evaluating the continuity of psychiatric care and the effectiveness of innovative therapeutic and rehabilitative programs.

Gigantesco, Antonella; Lega, Ilaria; Picardi, Angelo

2012-01-01

348

PHASE: a 'health technology' approach to psychological treatment in primary mental health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PHASE research programme is an NHS-Executive funded, randomized controlled trial of assisted self-help for common mental disorders, delivered by practice nurses in primary care. The self-help guide - Managing anxiety and depression: a self-help guide published by the Mental Health Foundation - is conceptualized as a ' health technology' where the nurse' s role is to educate patients how

David Richards; Michael Barkham; Jane Cahill; Chris Williams; Chris Williams

2002-01-01

349

The Mental Health Act and the Mental Capacity Act: untangling the relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mental Health Act (1983) and the Mental Capacity Act (2005) (both amended by the Mental Health Act (2007)) together provide a comprehensive framework for the care and treatment of people with a mental disorder in England and Wales. The Mental Health Act relates solely to the treatment of mental disorders whilst the Mental Capacity Act has much wider applicability

Daniel P. Herlihy; Frank Holloway

2009-01-01

350

Mental Health under National Health Care Reform: The Empirical Foundations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research pertinent to mental health services under health care reform proposals. Examines redistributional impact of inclusion of outpatient mental health benefits, optimal benefit packages, and findings that mental health services lower medical utilization costs. Argues that extending minimalist model of time-limited benefits to national…

Hudson, Christopher G.; DeVito, Jo Anne

1994-01-01

351

Contemporary perspectives on spirituality and mental health.  

PubMed

The paper strives to elucidate the complex yet intimate relation between spirituality and mental health from contemporary perspectives. The diverse and constantly evolving views that spiritualists and mental health professionals have held toward each other over last century are discussed with special accent on the transpersonal spiritual framework within psychology. The role of spirituality in promoting mental health and alleviating mental illness is highlighted. The paper is concluded with an increasing need to integrate spirituality within the mental health field albeit there are several impediments in achieving the same, which need to be worked through circumspectly. PMID:21938086

Sharma, Pulkit; Charak, Ruby; Sharma, Vibha

2009-01-01

352

A Longitudinal Study of the Relationship Between Lifestyle and Mental Health Among Midlife and Older Women in Australia: Findings From the Healthy Aging of Women Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the temporal relationship between lifestyle and mental health among 564 midlife women. The mental health measured included anxiety, depression, and mental well-being; the lifestyle measures included body mass index (BMI), exercise, smoking, alcohol use, and caffeine consumption. We found that BMI was positively related with mental well-being (r = .316, p = .009); smokers had lower mental well-being

Qunyan Xu; Debra Anderson; Mary Courtney

2010-01-01

353

Topics in Mental Health Planning. Part II. A Review of Mental Health nd Mental Retardation Diagnostic Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There are a great variety of reference diagnostic systems available for mental health and mental retardation. Presented here is a sample designed to facilitate some better understanding of these diagnostic systems and their specific uses, both to mental h...

R. F. Minnehan

1979-01-01

354

Occupational Incidence Rates of Mental Health Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempted to provide occupational health professionals with an empirical basis for identifying and selecting specific occupations for further research into the relationship between job stress and worker health. Specifically, this involved an examination of the admission records of community mental health centers throughout one state (Tennessee) to determine the incidence rate of diagnosed mental health disorders for 130

Michael J. Colligan; Michael J. Smith; Joseph J. Hurrell Jr

1977-01-01

355

Women at war: implications for mental health.  

PubMed

Few studies have investigated the impact of deployment stressors on the mental health outcomes of women deployed to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. This pilot study examined exposure to combat experiences and military sexual harassment in a sample of 54 active duty women and assessed the impact of these stressors on post-deployment posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and depressive symptoms. Within 3 months of returning from deployment to Iraq, participants completed (a) the Combat Experiences Scale and the Sexual Harassment Scale of the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory, (b) the Primary Care PTSD Screen, and (c) an abbreviated version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale. Approximately three quarters of the sample endorsed exposure to combat experiences, and more than half of the sample reported experiencing deployment-related sexual harassment, with nearly half of the sample endorsing both stressors. Approximately one third of the sample endorsed clinical or subclinical levels of PTSD symptoms, with 11% screening positive for PTSD and 9% to 14% of the sample endorsing depressive symptoms. Regression analyses revealed that combat experiences and sexual harassment jointly accounted for significant variance in post-deployment PTSD symptoms, whereas military sexual harassment was identified as the only unique significant predictor of these symptoms. Findings from the present study lend support to research demonstrating that military sexual trauma may be more highly associated with post-deployment PTSD symptoms than combat exposure among female service members and veterans. PMID:21240736

Dutra, Lissa; Grubbs, Kathleen; Greene, Carolyn; Trego, Lori L; McCartin, Tamarin L; Kloezeman, Karen; Morland, Leslie

2011-01-01

356

Demands of Immigration, Health Literacy, and Depression in Recent Latino Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latino immigrants have unique stressors that can influence mental health. The challenges of adapting to a new society include language barriers, separation from family, and feelings of loss, which can lead to depression. Low health literacy may make it difficult to obtain health care services, and depression may then go untreated. This secondary data analysis examined the relationships of immigration

Maren J. Coffman; Cynthia K. Norton

2010-01-01

357

[Mental Health courts: therapeutic jurisprudence in action].  

PubMed

In Québec, as elsewhere in North America, psychiatric deinstitutionalization, lack of community mental health resources as well as legislative changes to civil and criminal codes have led to an increased probability that individuals with a mental illness come into contact with the criminal justice system. Based on the principle of therapeutic jurisprudence, mental health courts constitute emerging diversion programs, taking place within the court, implemented to offer an alternative to incarceration for individuals with a mental illness. This article offers a critical synthesis of the scientific literature on the topic. The authors first present the context in which mental health courts were developed ; describe their objectives and functioning ; and introduce the Montreal Mental Health Court pilot project, renamed PAJ-SM (Plan d'Accompagnement Justice et Santé) the first of its kind in Québec. The paper examines the research on mental health courts and tackles some of the stakes of diversion programs. The challenges and limits inherent to specialized courts are discussed as well as methodological obstacles related to the study of these complex intervention programs. The authors conclude that mental health courts offer promising intervention venues, but that they do not constitute a panacea to resolving all issues related to the contact of mentally ill individuals with the justice system. Mental health courts must be accompanied by other intervention strategies for persons with mental health problems at all stages of the criminal justice process. PMID:20361114

Jaimes, Annie; Crocker, Anne; Bédard, Evelyne; Ambrosini, Daniel L

2009-01-01

358

Gender differences in the knowledge, attitude and practice towards mental health illness in a rapidly developing Arab society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Mental disorders are common in all countries and cause immense suffering. Both gender and low socioeconomic status have been related to depression and other common mental disorders, but their possible relationship to mental health literacy remains uncertain.Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the gender differences in knowledge, attitudes and practices towards mental illness in a sample

Abdulbari Bener; Suhaila Ghuloum

2011-01-01

359

The mental health exchange: An important function of a community Mental Health Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

A team of professional staff persons, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, public health nurses, etc., accompanied by a group of volunteer women who have been trained as mental health aides, provides county residents with counseling and information regarding mental health problems. The Mental Health Exchange offers those in the community an “open house,” twice a week, to discuss their interests

Morton Cooper; Curtis G. Southard

1966-01-01

360

AIMHI NT 'Mental Health Story Teller Mob': Developing stories in mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Integrated Mental Health Initiative in the Northern Territory is one of a number of sites funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council. The project has been working with Aboriginal Mental Health Workers (AMHWs), and the Top End Division of General Practice (TEDGP) to adapt mental health information to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander context through

Tricia Nagel; Carolyn Thompson

2007-01-01

361

The Mental Health of Canadians with Self-Reported Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been growing concern as to the mental health status of persons with learning disabilities (PWLD). This study examined rates of mental health problems among PWLD aged 15 to 44 years using a large, nationally representative data set. PWLD were more than twice as likely to report high levels of distress, depression, anxiety disorders,…

Wilson, Alexander M.; Deri Armstrong, Catherine; Furrie, Adele; Walcot, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

362

Mental Health, Social Environment and Sexual Risk Behaviors of Adolescent Service Users: A Gender Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined individual mental health problems (depression, conduct disorder, and substance abuse) and social environment (family, peer, and neighborhood) factors associated with the sexual risk behaviors of male and female adolescents. Interviews with 778 adolescents, aged 14 to 18, showed that both mental health problems and social environment were related to adolescents' involvement in sexual risk behaviors. Conduct disorder symptoms,

Yu-Wen Chen; Arlene Rubin Stiffman; Li-Chen Cheng; Peter Dore

1997-01-01

363

Demanding work schedules and mental health in nursing assistants working in nursing homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing home assistants have physically and emotionally challenging jobs, and they often work demanding schedules in order to provide 24-h care. While the physical effects of demanding work schedules have been studied, little is known about the impact on mental health. This study explored the relationship between demanding scheduling variables and mental health indicators of depression, anxiety and somatization. A

Jeanne Geiger-brown; Carles Muntaner; Jane Lipscomb; Alison Trinkoff

2004-01-01

364

Variables which Differentiate Placement of Adolescents into Juvenile Justice or Mental Health Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discriminant function analysis identified eight statistically significant variables which differentiated adolescents placed in mental health or juvenile justice systems. In order of decreasing importance they are: ethnicity, gender, depression, previous mental health history, productivity, drug use, parental marital history, and parental…

Westendorp, Floyd; And Others

1986-01-01

365

Does Experiential Avoidance Mediate the Effects of Maladaptive Coping Styles on Psychopathology and Mental Health?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiential avoidance (EA) is considered a risk factor for psychopathology.This study explores whether EA mediates the relationship between maladaptive coping styles (palliative, avoidance, and passive coping) and psychopathology and positive mental health. A total of 93 adults with mild to moderate psychological distress completed measures assessing coping styles, psychopathology (depression, anxiety, and alcohol use), and mental health (emotional, psychological, and

Martine Fledderus; Ernst T. Bohlmeijer; Marcel E. Pieterse

2010-01-01

366

Mental Health and Firearms in Community-Based SurveysImplications for Suicide Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide rates are higher among those who own or live in a household with a hand gun. This article examines the association between hand gun ownership and mental health, another risk factor for suicide. Data from the General Social Survey, a series of surveys of U.S. adults, are analyzed to compare general emotional and mental health, sadness and depression, functional

Susan B. Sorenson; Katherine A. Vittes

2008-01-01

367

The effect of job strain on British general practitioners' mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questionnaires assessing mental health, job satisfaction, psychological job demands and job control were distributed randomly to 1000 GPs and 400 white-collar workers in the North of England. First, levels of mental health and job satisfaction were compared between the groups. GPs were significantly more depressed and less satisfied with their job compared to the white-collar sample. Surprisingly, female GPs experienced

RORY C. O' CONNOR; BARBARA L. WHITE; PETER E. BUNDRED

2000-01-01

368

Relationships Over Time Between Mental Health Symptoms and Transmission Risk Among Persons Living With HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships between mental health symptoms (anxiety and depression) or a positive state of mind and behavior associated with HIV transmission (substance use and risky sexual behavior) were explored in a longitudinal study of persons living with HIV (PLH; N = 936) who were participants in a transmission-prevention trial. Bivariate longitudinal regressions were used to estimate the correlations between mental health

W. Scott Comulada; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus; Willo Pequegnat; Robert E. Weiss; Katherine A. Desmond; Elizabeth Mayfield Arnold; Robert H. Remien; Stephen F. Morin; Lance S. Weinhardt; Mallory O. Johnson; Margaret A. Chesney

2010-01-01

369

Multidisciplinary guidelines in Dutch mental health care: plans, bottlenecks and possible solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This article describes the Dutch ‘Multidisciplinary Guidelines in Mental Health Care’ project and its first products (multidisciplinary guidelines on depressive and anxiety disorders). Context of case: In the early 1990s, disciplines in Dutch mental health care formulated their first monodisciplinary guidelines, which disagreed on essential features. In 1998, the Dutch government invited representatives of the five core disciplines in

Giel J. M. Hutschemaekers

2003-01-01

370

Use and Quality of Mental Health Services for Haitian Youth  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe the mental health service use of Haitian, African American, and non-Latino White youth in a community mental health setting. Groups are compared on adherence to treatment guidelines for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depressive disorders. Design Retrospective review of outpatient mental health charts (n=252) from five community sites in an urban area of the Northeastern United States. We recorded total number and treatment type of sessions during the first six months of treatment. Guideline-adherent treatments were compared and predicted after controlling for clinical need. Results Most Haitian and African American youth stopped treatment by six months, with the majority attending less than eight sessions. One third of Haitian and African American patients attended just one session. Haitians patients who presented with less severe symptoms and dysfunction were more likely to have single-session treatments. Guideline-adherent treatment for ADHD and depression was less likely for Haitians. Older patients were more likely to receive adequate depression treatment. Haitian youth were relatively underinsured, had more family separations documented, and received Adjustment Disorder diagnoses more often. Conclusions Haitian youth use outpatient mental health services in similar proportion to African American youth, and at lower rates than White youth. Guideline-adherent treatment for ADHD and depression is limited by low retention in care for Black youth. Low insurance coverage is likely an important contributor to reduced use of services, especially for Haitians. These findings are discussed in the context of providing culturally sensitive mental health care to diverse communities.

Carson, Nicholas J.; Stewart, Mark; Lin, Julia Y.; Alegria, Margarita

2011-01-01

371

Chronic stress, cognitive functioning and mental health.  

PubMed

This review aims to discuss the evidence supporting the link between chronic stress, cognitive function and mental health. Over the years, the associations between these concepts have been investigated in different populations. This review summarizes the findings that have emerged from older populations as well as from populations suffering from pathological aging, namely Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease. Although older adults are an interesting population to study in terms of chronic stress, other stress-related diseases can occur throughout the lifespan. The second section covers some of these stress-related diseases that have recently received a great deal of attention, namely burnout, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Given that chronic stress contributes to the development of certain pathologies by accelerating and/or exacerbating pre-existing vulnerabilities that vary from one individual to the other, the final section summarizes data obtained on potential variables contributing to the association between chronic stress and cognition. PMID:21376129

Marin, Marie-France; Lord, Catherine; Andrews, Julie; Juster, Robert-Paul; Sindi, Shireen; Arsenault-Lapierre, Geneviève; Fiocco, Alexandra J; Lupien, Sonia J

2011-03-02

372

Promoting and Protecting Mental Health as Flourishing: A Complementary Strategy for Improving National Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article summarizes the conception and diagnosis of the mental health continuum, the findings supporting the two continua model of mental health and illness, and the benefits of flourishing to individuals and society. Completely mentally healthy adults--individuals free of a 12-month mental disorder and flourishing--reported the fewest missed…

Keyes, Corey L. M.

2007-01-01

373

HIV-infected mental health patients: characteristics and comparison with HIV-infected patients from the general population and non-infected mental health patients  

PubMed Central

Objectives HIV-infected patients are at increased risk of developing mental health symptoms, which negatively influence the treatment of the HIV-infection. Mental health problems in HIV-infected patients may affect public health. Psychopathology, including depression and substance abuse, can increase hazardous sexual behaviour and, with it, the chance of spreading HIV. Therefore, it is important to develop an optimal treatment plan for HIV-infected patients with mental health problems. The majority of HIV-infected patients in the Netherlands (almost 60%) are homosexual men. The main objectives of this study were to describe the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients with HIV who seek treatment for their mental health symptoms in the Netherlands. Secondly, we tested whether HIV infected and non-infected homosexual patients with a lifetime depressive disorder differed on several mental health symptoms. Methods We compared a cohort of 196 patients who visited the outpatient clinic for HIV and Mental Health with HIV-infected patients in the general population in Amsterdam (ATHENA-study) and with non-HIV infected mental health patients (NESDA-study). DSM-IV diagnoses were determined, and several self-report questionnaires were used to assess mental health symptoms. Results Depressive disorders were the most commonly occurring diagnoses in the cohort and frequent drug use was common. HIV-infected homosexual men with a depressive disorder showed no difference in depressive symptoms or sleep disturbance, compared with non-infected depressive men. However, HIV-positive patients did express more symptoms like fear, anger and guilt. Although they showed significantly more suicidal ideation, suicide attempts were not more prevalent among HIV-infected patients. Finally, the HIV-infected depressive patients displayed a considerably higher level of drug use than the HIV-negative group. Conclusion Habitual drug use is a risk factor for spreading HIV. It is also more often diagnosed in HIV-infected homosexual men with a lifetime depression or dysthymic disorder than in the non-infected population. Untreated mental health problems, such as depressive symptoms and use of drugs can have serious repercussions. Therefore, general practitioners and internists should be trained to recognize mental health problems in HIV-infected patients.

2013-01-01

374

Integrating mental health into primary care in Sverdlovsk  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mental disorders occur as frequently in Russia as elsewhere, but the common mental disorders, especially depression, have gone largely unrecognised and undiagnosed by policlinic staff and area doctors. Methods This paper describes the impact and sustainability of a multi-component programme to facilitate the integration of mental health into primary care, by situation appraisal, policy dialogue, development of educational materials, provision of a training programme and the publication of standards and good practice guidelines to improve the primary care of mental disorders in the Sverdlovsk region of the Russian Federation. Results The multi-component programme has resulted in sustainable training about common mental disorders, not only of family doctors but also of other cadres and levels of professionals, and it has been well integrated with Sverdlovsk's overall programme of health sector reforms. Conclusion It is possible to facilitate the sustainable integration of mental health into primary care within the Russian context. While careful adaptation will be needed, the approach adopted here may also hold useful lessons for policy makers seeking to integrate mental health within primary care in other contexts and settings.

2009-01-01

375

Reducing the silent burden of impaired mental health.  

PubMed

Mental and behavioural disorders account for about one-third of the world's disability due to all ill health amongst adults, with unipolar depressive disorders set to be the world's number one cause of ill health and premature death in 2030, affecting high- and low-income countries alike. There is a range of evidence-based cost-effective interventions that can be implemented in parenting, at schools, at the workplace and in older age that can promote health and well-being, reduce mental disorders, lead to improved productivity and increase resilience to cope with many of the stressors that are facing the world. These facts need to be better communicated to policy makers to ensure that the silent burden of impaired mental health is adequately heard and reduced. PMID:22079936

Anderson, Peter; Jané-Llopis, Eva; Hosman, Clemens

2011-12-01

376

42 CFR 431.620 - Agreement with State mental health authority or mental institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Agreement with State mental health authority or mental institutions. 431.620 Section 431.620...Agencies § 431.620 Agreement with State mental health authority or mental institutions. (a)...

2012-10-01

377

The Mental Health Librarian: A Member of the Team  

Microsoft Academic Search

THIS PAPER WILL REVIEW current practices and emerging trends in mental health librarianship as they have developed with the growth of the mental health field. Mental health librarians are defined here as professionals who provide library service in both public and private mental health and\\/or health sciences institutions, agencies and organi- zations. The mental health field is here considered as

LEONA MACKLER

378

Pilot mental health: expert working group recommendations.  

PubMed

Following a March 27, 2012, incident in which a pilot of a major commercial airline experienced a serious disturbance in his mental health, the Aerospace Medical Association formed an Ad Hoc Working Group on Pilot Mental Health. The working group met several times and analyzed current medical standards for evaluating pilot mental health. The result of the working group was a letter sent to the FAA and other organizations worldwide interested in medical standards. The Committee found that it is neither productive nor cost effective to perform extensive psychiatric evaluations as part of the routine pilot aeromedical assessment. However it did recommend greater attention be given to mental health issues by aeromedical examiners, especially to the more common and detectable mental health conditions and life stressors that can affect pilots and flight performance. They encouraged this through increased education and global recognition of the importance of mental health in aviation safety. PMID:23316549

2012-12-01

379

Childhood and Adolescence: Challenges in Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Mental health is an integral and essential component of health. The World Health Organization (WHO) constitution states: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” More than 450 million people suffer from mental disorders worldwide. In India, mental health services, especially for children and adolescents, are limited both in terms of number of facilities as well as trained professionals. The majority of mental health services are restricted to urban areas, that is, medical colleges or regional mental health institutes. Mere presence of a treatment facility does not guarantee that all children/adolescents suffering from mental illness will utilize such services. In fact, most of the time there is a significant delay from the patient side in accessing mental health services either because of lack of awareness or associated stigma. It is high time to promote positive mental health in children, adolescents and their parents through health education. Parental counseling is of utmost importance in order to avoid the delay in treatment seeking.

Shrivastava, Saurabh RamBiharilal; Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh; Ramasamy, Jegadeesh

2013-01-01

380

The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on recurrence of depressive episodes, mental health and quality of life: A randomized controlled study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depression is characterized by a large risk of relapse\\/recurrence. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a recent non-drug psychotherapeutic intervention to prevent future depressive relapse\\/recurrence in remitted\\/recovered depressed patients. In this randomized controlled trial, the authors investigated the effects of MBCT on the relapse in depression and the time to first relapse since study participation, as well as on several mood

K. A. Godfrin; C. van Heeringen

2010-01-01

381

Marriage and Mental Health among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marriage is widely thought to confer mental health benefits, but little is known about how this apparent benefit may vary across the life course. Early marriage, which is nonnormative, could have no, or even negative, mental health consequences for young adults. Using survey data from waves 1 and 3 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 11,695),

Jeremy E. Uecker

2012-01-01

382

National Estimates of Mental Health Insurance Benefits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study provides estimates of the number of individuals in the United States in 1999 who had mental health benefits as a part of their health insurance coverage, the subset of those individuals who had mental health benefits that met or exceeded a benc...

M. Maxfield L. Achman A. Cook

2004-01-01

383

Mental health care: Access, stigma, and effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the lack of commitment by the US as a nation to ensure that high-quality mental health care will be provided to all who are in need. The mental health benefits under Medicare and Medicaid programs are meager at best. Psychologists and other nonphysician health care providers are not considered bona fide professionals. Prevention, program evaluation efforts, and the use

Daniel K. Inouye

1983-01-01

384

Mental health care in the USSR  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author received a scientist exchange grant from the National Institutes of Health and visited the USSR as a health-science representative in 1976. He reports that mental health services in the USSR are provided primarily by the medical profession through state mental hospitals and psychiatric sections in general hospitals and clinics. Drug therapy is the main treatment method, but psychotherapy

Vytautas J. Bieliauskas

1977-01-01

385

Maori Identification, Drinking Motivation and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research examining the relationships among Maori cultural identification, drinking behaviour, drinking motivation and mental\\u000a health is almost non-existent. A review of literature suggests that stronger Maori identification could be associated with\\u000a lower alcohol consumption on a typical occasion, less frequent drinking, drinking to enhance mood or sociability (positive\\u000a reinforcement) and better mental health. Maori identification and mental health would be

Dave Clarke; Erin Ebbett

2010-01-01

386

The challenge of auditing mental health.  

PubMed

A changing environment which includes increased competition and changing philosophies of providing mental health services reflect an increased need for an information gathering instrument to provide the foundation for developing strategic plans in mental health organizations. The initial step in the planning process is collecting and systematizing the data necessary to the organization's functioning. A marketing audit specifically designed to encompass the special problems encountered in the mental health organization is presented in this paper. PMID:10303626

Hill, C J

1989-01-01

387

Influence of Musicotherapy on Mental Status and Cognitional Function of Patient with Depression Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing pace of life and stress of work, more people are growing mental depression disease that is harmful physically and mentally. However, traditional medicines do not have good effect on depression disease, mean while have relatively big side effects. Therefore, this work studied the influence of musicotherapy on mental status and cognitional function of patient with depression disease.

Peng Zhou; Dongdong Lin; Weizhong He; Guohui Li; Keke Shang

2009-01-01

388

The Clinical Neuroscience Course: Viewing Mental Health from Neurobiological Perspectives  

PubMed Central

Although the field of neuroscience is booming, a challenge for researchers in mental health disciplines is the integration of basic research findings into applied clinical approaches leading to effective therapies. Recently the National Institute of Mental Health called for translational research grants to encourage collaboration between neuroscientists and mental health professionals. In order for this “clinical neuroscience” to emerge and thrive, an important first step is the provision of appropriate course offerings so that future neuroscience researchers and mental health practitioners will have a common neurobiological base from which to make informed decisions about the most efficacious treatments for mental illnesses. Accordingly, an integrative course, Clinical Neuroscience, was developed to address these issues. After reviewing the historical origins of this emerging discipline, students are exposed to fundamental overviews of neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, and neural development before approaching the neurobiological components of several disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, depression, Tourette’s syndrome, drug abuse, obsessive compulsive disorder). Finally, the maintenance of mental health is emphasized as topics such as psychoneuroimmunology, coping with stress, and eating regulation are discussed. Important themes emphasized in this course include (1) the consideration of only empirically based evidence, (2) the view that mental illness represents a disruption of neurobiological homeostasis, (3) the acknowledgement that, because the brain is a plastic organ, the clinical relevance of environmental and behavioral influences is difficult to overestimate, and (4) the recognition of the value of ecologically relevant animal models in the investigation of various aspects of mental illness. Because of the importance of stress maintenance in mental health, exercises have been developed to increase students’ awareness of their own coping strategies. Finally, several books and movies are incorporated to provide additional points of view of the topics discussed in the course.

Lambert, Kelly G.

2005-01-01

389

A Colonial Mentality Model of Depression for Filipino Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many cultural and ethnic minorities have extensive experiences of being oppressed, which they may eventually internalize. However, psychology has yet to actively incorporate various forms of internalized oppression (e.g., colonial mentality [CM]) into the etiological conceptualizations of psychopathology. Using a sample of 248 Filipino Americans, the author tested a more complete and sociopolitically informed cultural model of depression symptoms. Results

E. J. R. David

2008-01-01

390

The Association Between Mental Health and Acute Infectious Illness Among a National Sample of 18- to 24YearOld College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poor mental health is associated with physical illness, but this association is poorly characterized among college students. Objective and Participants: Using American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment data, the authors characterized poor mental health (depression, anxiety, negative affect) and examined the relationship between poor mental health and acute infectious illnesses (bronchitis, ear infection, sinusitis, strep throat) among 47,202 US

Troy B. Adams; Christopher M. Wharton; Lyndsay Quilter; Tiffany Hirsch

2008-01-01

391

The Movement for Global Mental Health  

PubMed Central

The Movement for Global Mental Health is a coalition of individuals and institutions committed to collective actions that aim to close the treatment gap for people living with mental disorders worldwide, based on two fundamental principles: evidence on effective treatments and the human rights of people with mental disorders.

Patel, Vikram; Collins, Pamela Y.; Copeland, John; Kakuma, Ritsuko; Katontoka, Sylvester; Lamichhane, Jagannath; Naik, Smita; Skeen, Sarah

2011-01-01

392

Public perception of mental health in Iraq  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: People who suffer from mental illness, the professionals who treat them, and indeed the actual concept of mental illness are all stigmatised in public perception and often receive very negative publicity. This paper looks at Iraq, which has a population of 30 million who are mainly Moslem. Mental health services and professionals have historically been sparse in Iraq with

Sabah Sadik; Marie Bradley; Saad Al-Hasoon; Rachel Jenkins

2010-01-01

393

Impact of Maternal Depression Across the First 6 Years of Life on the Child's Mental Health, Social Engagement, and Empathy: The Moderating Role of Oxytocin.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE Maternal depression across the postbirth period has long-term negative consequences for infant development. Little is known of the neurobiological underpinnings, but they could involve oxytocin, a neuropeptide that is dysfunctional in depression and is implicated in birth and parenting. METHOD The authors recruited a community cohort of women with high or low depression scores 2 days after childbirth and measured depression again at 6 and 9 months. When the child was 6, the authors evaluated the families of 46 chronically depressed mothers and 103 mothers reporting no depression since childbirth. The child was assessed for psychiatric diagnoses, social engagement, and empathy. Mother, father, and child were tested for salivary oxytocin level and variation in the rs2254298 single nucleotide polymorphism on the OXTR gene. RESULTS Of the children of the chronically depressed mothers, 61% displayed axis I disorders, mainly anxiety and oppositional defiant disorder, compared with 15% of the children of nondepressed mothers. In the depressed mothers' families, salivary oxytocin was lower in mothers, fathers, and children, and the children had lower empathy and social engagement levels. The rs2254298 GG homozygous genotype was overrepresented in depressed mothers and their families, and it correlated with lower salivary oxytocin. Presence of a single rs2254298 A allele (GA or AA genotype) in depressed mothers markedly decreased risk of child psychopathology. CONCLUSIONS The negative effect of chronic maternal depression on child social outcomes was related to genetic and peripheral biomarkers of the oxytocin system. This suggests a potential for oxytocin-based interventions. PMID:23846912

Apter-Levy, Yael; Feldman, Michal; Vakart, Adam; Ebstein, Richard P; Feldman, Ruth

2013-10-01

394

Primary Mental Health Care: A Model for Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces and defines the concept of primary mental health care, a model for the delivery of community-based, comprehensive psychiatric-mental health nurs ing care. The primary mental health care model incorporates professional role re sponsibilities, role functions, and intervention activities for psychiatric-mental health nurses at the basic and advanced levels of practice. Use of this model will enable psychiatric

Judith Haber; Carolyn V. Billings

1995-01-01

395

Does money matter for mental health? Evidence from the Child Support Grants in Johannesburg, South Africa.  

PubMed

Globally, the poor are consistently at greater risk of suffering from depression and anxiety. Yet in resource-poor countries, mental health remains a neglected topic. This interdisciplinary study explored the potential for a poverty alleviation programme to contribute to breaking the vicious cycle between poverty and common mental disorders (CMD). Quantitatively, beneficiaries of a cash-transfer programme were found to have a lower risk of CMD. Qualitative interviews indicated that Child Support Grants acted as a psychological safety net, but that negative stereotypes of grant recipients could detract from the positive mental health outcomes of the grants. It was concluded that poverty alleviation programmes such as cash transfers could have both positive and negative impacts on mental health. In order to achieve mental health benefits for programme beneficiaries, aspects of programme design and implementation that promote mental health should be enhanced and aspects detrimental to mental health modified. PMID:20938853

Plagerson, Sophie; Patel, Vikram; Harpham, Trudy; Kielmann, Karina; Mathee, Angela

2011-05-24

396

Manic Depressive Disorder in Mental Handicap.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Eight cases of early onset bipolar affective disorder in adolescents with mental impairment are described, focusing on age of onset; common characteristics such as rapid cycling, mixed affective states, and lithium resistance; and the likelihood that cerebral dysfunction might cause a secondary form of bipolar disorder. (JDD)|

Berney, T. P.; Jones, P. M.

1988-01-01

397

Mental Health and Addiction Policy: What Next?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The already frayed mental health and addictions safety net is in danger of collapse as demand for behavioral health services\\u000a reaches an all-time high. The backdrop to our field’s everyday struggles is health care reform. The details and implications\\u000a of health care reform for the mental health and addictions community remain uncertain. What is certain is that we must build

Linda Rosenberg

2009-01-01

398

Attitudes toward mental health professionals in a hospital-based community mental health center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the attitudes of several diverse subject groups in a large medical center toward various mental health professionals. The groups consisted of: 1) general hospital staff; 2) professional mental health workers; and 3) psychiatric in-patients. Subjects evaluated a selection of 11 professional health related role titles (clinical psychologist, physician, psychiatrist, etc.) and the categories “me” and “mental patient”

John McGuire; Thomas Borowy; Irving Kolin

1986-01-01

399

A Comparative Mental Health Literacy Survey of Psychiatrists and Other Mental Health Professionals in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objectives of this study are, first, to replicate and extend an Australian approach to assessing mental health literacy by studying a sample of Singapore mental health professionals, and to focus on differences between judgements made by the psychiatrists in comparison with the other mental health professionals. Second, to compare the psychiatrists' judgements with those of Australian psychiatrists.Method: The

Gordon Parker; Helen Chen; Joshua Kua; Jennifer Loh; Anthony F. Jorm

2000-01-01

400

The role of primary mental health workers in child and adolescent mental health services in Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that approximately 10% of children and young people in Scotland have mental health problems (Scottish Government, 2008), resulting in a rapidly increasing need for child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). Primary mental health workers (PMHW) have been identified as one of the key professional groups within a multidisciplinary CAMHS team to progress the agenda of early

Margaret Conlon

2009-01-01

401

Understanding Integrated Mental Health Services in Head Start: Staff Perspectives on Mental Health Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite mandates for Head Start programs to provide mental health services to families and children, considerable variability remains in the level and type of services provided by mental health consultants. A qualitative study was conducted to explore staff perceptions about the role of mental health consult- ants and, in particular; the ways in…

Green, Beth L.; Simpson, Jennifer; Everhart, Maria C.; Vale, Elizabeth; Gettman, Maria Garcia

2004-01-01

402

Mental health priorities in Vietnam: a mixed-methods analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Mental Health Country Profile is a tool that was generated by the International Mental Health Policy and Services Project to inform policy makers, professionals and other key stakeholders about important issues which need to be considered in mental health policy development. The Mental Health Country Profile contains four domains, which include the mental health context, resources, provision and

Maria Niemi; Huong T Thanh; Tran Tuan; Torkel Falkenberg

2010-01-01

403

International observatory on mental health systems: structure and operation  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Sustained cooperative action is required to improve the mental health of populations, particularly in low and middle-income countries where meagre mental health investment and insufficient human and other resources result in poorly performing mental health systems. THE OBSERVATORY: The International Observatory on Mental Health Systems is a mental health systems research, education and development network that will contribute to

Harry Minas

2009-01-01

404

Reducing the silent burden of impaired mental health.  

PubMed

Mental and behavioral disorders account for about one third of the world's disability caused by all ill health among adults, with unipolar depressive disorders set to be the world's number one cause of illhealth and premature death in 2030, affecting high- and low-income countries. There is a range of evidence-based cost-effective interventions that can be implemented in parenting, at schools, at the workplace, and in older age that can promote health and well-being, reduce mental disorders, lead to improved productivity, and increase resilience to cope with many of the stressors in the world. These facts need to be better communicated to policymakers to ensure that the silent burden of impaired mental health is adequately heard and reduced. PMID:21916714

Jané-Llopis, Eva; Anderson, Peter; Stewart-Brown, Sarah; Weare, Katherine; Wahlbeck, Kristian; McDaid, David; Cooper, Cary; Litchfield, Paul

2011-08-01

405

Beyond Workers' Compensation: Men's Mental Health In and Out of Work.  

PubMed

The mental health of men is an important issue with significant direct and indirect costs emerging from work-related depression and suicide. Although the merits of men's community-based and workplace mental health promotion initiatives have been endorsed, few programs are mandated or formally evaluated and reported on. Conspicuously absent also are gender analyses detailing connections between masculinities and men's work-related depression and suicide on which to build men-centered mental health promotion programs. This article provides an overview of four interconnected issues, (a) masculinities and men's health, (b) men and work, (c) men's work-related depression and suicide, and (d) men's mental health promotion, in the context of men's diverse relationships to work (including job insecurity and unemployment). Based on the review, recommendations are made for advancing the well-being of men who are in as well as of those out of work. PMID:23727792

Oliffe, John L; Han, Christina S E

2013-05-30

406

A program to educate school nurses about mental health interventions.  

PubMed

Concerned with the increasing incidence of mental health problems in children and adolescents and the impact of these problems on students' school success and predisposition to self- and other-directed violence, the Multnomah Education Service District Department of School Health Services determined to become proactive by providing preventive interventions for students experiencing actual or potential mental health problems. An educational program was designed to assist school nurses in the identification of potential mental health problems. In addition, information about appropriate interventions for students at risk for aggression, violence, and other mental health pathology was presented. The program involved education on mental health assessment and intervention, as well as expert psychiatric clinical support for the development of student support groups. School nurses were then challenged to develop practice improvement projects incorporating this knowledge for a group of students in their work setting. This introductory article describes the project's general rationale and implementation process. The four articles following in this issue of The Journal of School Nursing describe the goals, implementation, and outcomes of the practice improvement projects developed for early intervention with students exhibiting attention disorders, school absenteeism, social withdrawal, and depression. PMID:12201655

Hootman, Janis; Houck, Gail M; King, Mary Catherine

2002-08-01

407

The Relationship of Reported Neighborhood Conditions with Child Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Objective While multiple studies have documented the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic status and child mental health, few have examined the association between neighborhood conditions and mental health disorders. The objective of this study was to determine whether parent-reported neighborhood conditions are associated with common child mental health disorders. Methods We analyzed data on children ages 6–17 (N = 64,076) collected through the 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health. Primary outcome variables were a child being reported to have a diagnosis of (a) anxiety and/or depression and (b) attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or disruptive behavior. Main independent variables were parent-reported neighborhood amenities (e.g., recreation center), poor physical characteristics (e.g., dilapidated housing), social support/trust, neighborhood safety, and school safety. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between neighborhood conditions and (a) anxiety/depression and (b) ADHD/disruptive behavior. Results Children living in a neighborhood with three poor physical characteristics had higher odds of anxiety/depression (AOR 1.58, 95% CI [1.01–2.46]) and ADHD/disruptive behavior (AOR 1.44, 95% CI [1.04–1.99]) compared to children living in a neighborhood with no poor physical characteristics. Children of parents who reported living in a neighborhood with low social support/trust had higher odds of depression/anxiety (AOR 1.71, 95% CI [1.28–2.30]) and ADHD/disruptive behavior (AOR 1.47, 95% CI [1.19–1.81]) than children living in a neighborhood with greater social support/trust. Conclusions Parent perception of neighborhood social support/trust and physical characteristics may be important to assess in clinical settings and should be examined in future study of child mental health burden.

Butler, Ashley M.; Kowalkowski, Marc; Jones, Heather A.; Raphael, Jean L.

2013-01-01

408

Mental Health: The Search for a Definition  

PubMed Central

Various attempts to define the concept of “mental health” are examined. Value judgments permeate much mental health literature. Their use militates against obtaining an objective definition, capable of universal application. The acceptance of a definition including a value judgment implies taking an attitude toward a particular society and its social ideals. Present limits of competence only allow us to describe “mental health” conceptually. Such “untechnical” proposals are liable to be confused with “technical” (“scientific”) propositions. Multiple criteria are likely to be helpful in improving our concept of “mental health”. The intrusion of morals into the world of health is discussed as part of the contemporary intellectual dilemma of determined human behaviour versus human responsibility and the reality of moral values. It is suggested that “mental health” might consist simply of an individual's possession of insight into his own personality, combined with an honest recognition and acceptance of his condition.

Tucker, D. K.; le Riche, W. Harding

1964-01-01

409

Mental health performance measurement in corrections.  

PubMed

Correctional facilities have become, by default, one of the largest providers of mental health care for patients with serious mental illness. In its 2002 Report to Congress, the National Commission on Correctional Health Care has reported that most facilities do not provide quality mental health care, nor do they conform to nationally accepted guidelines for mental health screening and treatment. This article describes the product of a consensus panel of correctional health care experts, charged to develop performance measures, based on nationally accepted standards, for selected elements of psychiatric treatment behind bars, aimed to improve the quality of care. Performance measures were developed for medication adherence, suicide prevention, mental health treatment planning, and sleep medication usage. PMID:18697916

Hoge, Steven K; Greifinger, Robert B; Lundquist, Thomas; Mellow, Jeff

2008-08-12

410

MENTAL HEALTH: THE SEARCH FOR A DEFINITION.  

PubMed

Various attempts to define the concept of "mental health" are examined. Value judgments permeate much mental health literature. Their use militates against obtaining an objective definition, capable of universal application. The acceptance of a definition including a value judgment implies taking an attitude toward a particular society and its social ideals.Present limits of competence only allow us to describe "mental health" conceptually. Such "untechnical" proposals are liable to be confused with "technical" ("scientific") propositions. Multiple criteria are likely to be helpful in improving our concept of "mental health".The intrusion of morals into the world of health is discussed as part of the contemporary intellectual dilemma of determined human behaviour versus human responsibility and the reality of moral values.It is suggested that "mental health" might consist simply of an individual's possession of insight into his own personality, combined with an honest recognition and acceptance of his condition. PMID:14145470

TUCKER, D K; LERICHE, W H

1964-05-16

411

Modeling the mental health effects of victimization among homeless persons.  

PubMed

Homeless persons are victims of violent and non-violent crime at higher rates than housed populations. While studies have suggested that victimization can induce or exacerbate mental health problems, there is very little known about factors that may buffer the effects of victimization. This cross-sectional study examined the influence of victimization on depressive symptoms in over 9600 homeless and mentally ill adults participating in the Access to Community Care and Effective Services and Supports study (ACCESS) conducted in multiple cities across the USA relationships between victimization, depressive symptoms, and perceived safety were tested within a structural equation modeling framework using data collected at the baseline interview. The overall model exhibited a good fit with the data. Non-physical victimization was associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms, and physical victimization was associated with lower levels of perceived safety. As hypothesized, perceived safety was a significant partial mediator of depressive symptoms. These results underscore the complexity of the relationships between victimization and depression in homeless adults and the importance of addressing different types of victimization in homeless and mentally ill adults. PMID:18703266

Perron, Brian Edward; Alexander-Eitzman, Ben; Gillespie, David F; Pollio, David

2008-08-12

412

A pilot study of Latinos with multiple sclerosis: demographic, disease, mental health, and psychosocial characteristics.  

PubMed

In this study the authors present results from a survey of 99 Latinos with multiple sclerosis (MS), including demographic, disease, and mental health characteristics. Four in 10 respondents reported depressive symptoms; half thought they had more worries than other people due to their MS; and about 29 % thought they needed mental health care in the past year. Whereas 76 % of respondents were highly satisfied with their access to MS-focused care, only 61% were highly satisfied with their access to mental health care. These findings highlight the role of mental health and social services in the comprehensive care needed by Latinos with MS. PMID:22126140

Buchanan, Robert J; Zuniga, Miguel A; Carrillo-Zuniga, Genny; Chakravorty, Bonnie J; Tyry, Tuula; Moreau, Rachel L; Vollmer, Timothy

2011-01-01

413

Physical health and social network characteristics as determinants of mental health across cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines cross-cultural differences in the etiology of depression and anxiety, two common indicators of mental\\u000a health problems. Using an ethnically diverse sample of 162 college students, we found that chronic physical symptoms and social\\u000a network characteristics, particularly network quality, were predictive of both depression and anxiety, yet their effects were\\u000a mediated by ethnicity. Multiple regression analyses showed that

Debra J. Vandervoort; Vladimir B. Skorikov

2002-01-01

414

Review of a research report on postpartum depression impacted by home health visits.  

PubMed

The research findings from Tamaki's (2008) study are important to EBNP for both maternity and psychiatric-mental health nurses. Although the findings demonstrated that mental health visits showed improvement in women with postpartum depression, one suggestion would be to implement a study with a larger sample population and in multiple cultures. With support supplied by numerous quantitative and qualitative studies, such as Tamaki's (2008) study, postpartum depression could be treated with a new non-pharmaceutical measure that would be more beneficial and effective to women and their babies. It will also open new doors for EBNP in mental health and revolutionize home health nursing. PMID:23367653

Cook, Ashley

415

Emerging Issues in Forensic Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forensic mental health traditionally was considered the backwater of forensic practice. However, because of advances in knowledge regarding the core issues of capacity and risk, and because of changes in the location of forensic assessment and treatment, “forensic” issues now permeate mental health practice and policy. While these advances have been important, there are a number of new issues that

John Petrila

2004-01-01

416

Spirituality and Mental Health among Homeless Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mothers are one of the fastest growing segments of the homeless population in the United States. Although mental health problems often contribute to homelessness, little is known about the factors that affect mothers' mental health. To help identify protective factors, this longitudinal study examined the relationship between spirituality and…

Hodge, David R.; Moser, Stephanie E.; Shafer, Michael S.

2012-01-01

417

Annotated References on Mental Health Needs Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annotated bibliography was meant to provide those involved in the assessment of mental health needs and the planning of mental health services with a useful reference source that concentrates on the most current studies. A number of the references ci...

R. W. Redick

1976-01-01

418

Team management in community mental health.  

PubMed

The community mental health team is now the established model for mental health service delivery in the community. Managing CMHTs requires a diverse range of managerial skills, role clarity and authority. More research needs to be undertaken on the role and effectiveness of the CMHT manager. PMID:10986955

McGuinness, M

2000-02-01

419

The Crisis in Mental Health Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a speech by Bertram Brown, director of the National Institute of Mental Health, on the effects of decreased federal funding of mental health research. Brown notes that there has been a 56% slash in the purchasing power of the research grant program when inflation is accounted for. It is suggested that causes of the dwindling support…

Brown, Bertram S.

420

Promoting School-Wide Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although schools are not traditionally designed to provide intensive mental health services to children, they are in a position to create systems that foster mental health. By creating school-wide systems in which students are academically, behaviorally and socially successful, schools can integrate those essential protective factors shown to…

Trussell, Robert P.

2008-01-01

421

Migrant Farmworker Stress: Mental Health Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: The number of Latinos in rural regions of the United States is increasing. Little is known about factors that undermine the mental health of this segment of the rural population. Purpose: The goal of this study is to determine which stressors inherent in farmwork and the farmworker lifestyle contribute to poor mental health. Methods: An…

Hiott, Ann E.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Davis, Stephen W.; Quandt, Sara A.; Arcury, Thomas A.

2008-01-01

422

Mental health literacy among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the mental health literacy of students. This study is part of the growing interest in mental health literacy among young people. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Over 400 university students indicated their knowledge of over 90 psychiatric illnesses labels derived from DSM:IV. They rated disorders on six questions concerning whether they had heard

Adrian Furnham; Richard Cook; Neil Martin; Mark Batey

2011-01-01

423

Mental health volunteers as change agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The activities and the efficacy of college students, housewives, retired people, parents, and patients as mental health volunteers and change agents are reviewed in considerable detail. Pertinent activities of such volunteers with disturbed adults and children are considered. It is concluded that the effectiveness of volunteer mental health workers as change agents has been demonstrated, and that volunteers may serve

Jerome M. Siegel

1973-01-01

424

Timing of Postcombat Mental Health Assessments  

Microsoft Academic Search

When soldiers return from combat and peacekeeping operations, the United States and many NATO and Partnership for Peace countries conduct some form of postdeployment mental health assessment. To date, however, no research has been published examining changes in prevalence rates of mental health problems in the first several months after returning from combat duty. In this study, the authors examined

Paul D. Bliese; Kathleen M. Wright; Amy B. Adler; Jeffrey L. Thomas; Charles W. Hoge

2007-01-01

425

Mental Health and Work: Issues and Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, there is increasing attention being paid to the promotion of mental health and the prevention of serious mental disorder by policymakers, funders, academics and service providers. This has required a shift in thinking to focus on health and well being, not just on illness and treatment. The National Action Plan for Promotion,…

Morrow, Lou, Ed.; Verins, Irene, Ed.; Willis, Eileen, Ed.

426

Evaluation of Expanded School Mental Health Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expanded school mental health programs provide a full range of mental health services (assessment, treatment, case management, prevention) to youth in regular and special education, and typically involve close collaboration between schools and community agencies. A major challenge for these programs is documenting that provided services are of high quality and leading to enhanced outcomes for the youth and schools

Mark D. Weist; Laura A. Nabors; C. Patrick Myers; Paula Armbruster

2000-01-01

427

Migrant Farmworker Stress: Mental Health Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The number of Latinos in rural regions of the United States is increasing. Little is known about factors that undermine the mental health of this segment of the rural population. Purpose: The goal of this study is to determine which stressors inherent in farmwork and the farmworker lifestyle contribute to poor mental health. Methods: An…

Hiott, Ann E.; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Davis, Stephen W.; Quandt, Sara A.; Arcury, Thomas A.

2008-01-01

428

Interpreting Results in Mental Health Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often difficult to interpret the clinical or policy significance of findings from mental health research when results are presented only in terms of statistical significance. Results expressed in terms of p values or as a metric corresponding to a mental health status scale are seldom intuitively meaningful. To help interpret the significance of research results, we demonstrate a

Jeffrey S. Harman; Willard G. Manning; Nicole Lurie; Chuan-Fen Liu

2001-01-01

429

Commonalities in Values among Mental Health Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mental-health counselors (N=161) from Buenos Aires, Argentina, who ascribed to distinct theoretical orientations were surveyed with regard to their personal and mental-health values. This study provides further empirical input on what the values commonalities are even among counselors who profess distinct theoretical orientations and have a…

Consoli, Andres J.; Williams, Laurie M.

1999-01-01

430

Advancing School Mental Health Promotion Globally  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces the new journal Advances in School Mental Health Promotion. Following definitions of key concepts, critical themes associated with high-quality school mental health promotion are reviewed. Reasons for the growth of the field, along with evidence of progress in a number of developed nations, are presented. We then discuss challenges being encountered, including those related to high variability

Mark D. Weist; Michael Murray

2008-01-01

431

Children's Mental Health and School Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An integrative review of literature was undertaken to examine the impact of children's mental health on their school success. The literature confirmed a confluence of problems associated with school performance and child and adolescent mental health. Poor academic functioning and inconsistent school attendance were identified as early signs of…

DeSocio, Janiece; Hootman, Janis

2004-01-01

432

Starting mental health services in Cambodia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cambodia has undergone massive psychosocial trauma in the last few decades, but has had virtually no western-style mental health services. For the first time in Cambodia a number of mental health clinics in rural areas have been started. This experience is used to discuss the risks and opportunities in introducing these services in the present war-torn situation. Basic statistics from

Daya J. Somasundaram; Willem A. C. M. van de Put; Maurice Eisenbruch

1999-01-01

433

Human Services Study. Report on Mental Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The mental health component of the countywide human services planning program of the Johnson County Regional Planning Commission in Iowa is described. The report on mental health is one in a series of eight reports outlining the program. The overall goal ...

1977-01-01

434

The Internet and Mental Health Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This paper describes the informational and treatment opportunities offered by the Worldwide Web (WWW) and comments on the advantages, disadvantages and potential dangers of its role in mental health and mental health research.Method: Two perspectives are taken: (i) the impact of the Web from the point of view of the clinician (the practitioner view) and (ii) the impact of

Helen Christensen; Kathleen Griffiths

2000-01-01

435

Mental health and employment: some economic evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper brings together findings from current research into mental health and employment from an economic perspective. The economic impact of reduced employment and productivity for people with mental health problems is described from both individual and societal viewpoints. Interventions reported to have an impact on employment are considered, looking at both clinical interventions that have reported employment outcomes and

Claire Curran; Martin Knapp; Jennifer Beecham

2004-01-01

436

Transforming the Workforce in Children's Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on the President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, this article highlights the twofold crisis in children's mental health: a critical shortage of practitioners in child-serving disciplines, and a mismatch between training and preparation and actual practice and service delivery. The authors discuss the challenges of transforming the workforce in the context of changing population demographics, the prevalence of

Larke Huang; Gary Macbeth; Joan Dodge; Diane Jacobstein

2004-01-01

437

Darfur refugees in Cairo: mental health and interpersonal conflict in the aftermath of genocide.  

PubMed

Hundreds of thousands of Darfur people affected by the Sudanese genocide have fled to Cairo, Egypt, in search of assistance. Collaborating with Africa and Middle East Refugee Assistance (AMERA), the authors conducted a mental health care needs assessment among Darfur refugees in Cairo. Information was collected using individual and focus group interviews to identify gaps in mental health care and develop understandings of emotional and relationship problems. The refugee mental health care system has a piecemeal structure with gaps in outpatient services. There is moderate to severe emotional distress among many Darfur refugees, including symptoms of depression and trauma, and interpersonal conflict, both domestic violence and broader community conflict, elevated relative to pregenocide levels. Given the established relationships between symptoms of depression/traumatic stress and interpersonal violence, improving mental health is important for both preventing mental health decompensation and stemming future cycles of intra- and intergroup conflict. PMID:18945917

Meffert, Susan M; Marmar, Charles R

2008-10-22

438

A new paradigm for depression in new mothers: the central role of inflammation and how breastfeeding and anti-inflammatory treatments protect maternal mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Research in the field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) has revealed that depression is associated with inflammation manifested by increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines. DISCUSSION: The old paradigm described inflammation as simply one of many risk factors for depression. The new paradigm is based on more recent research that has indicated that physical and psychological stressors increase inflammation. These recent studies

Kathleen Kendall-Tackett

2007-01-01

439

The role of the therapeutic alliance in psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy outcome: Findings in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between therapeutic alliance and treatment outcome was examined for depressed outpa- tients who received interpersonal psychotherapy, cognitive-behavior therapy, imipramine with clinical management, or placebo with clinical management. Clinical raters scored videotapes of early, middle, and late therapy sessions for 225 cases (619 sessions). Outcome was assessed from patients' and clinical evaluators' perspectives and from depressive symptomatology. Therapeutic alliance

Janice L. Krupnick; Stuart M. Sotsky; Sam Simmens; Janet Moyer

1996-01-01

440

Violence and Mental Health: Perspectives from the World Health Organization's \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

On October 3, 2002, the World Health Organization released the first World Report on Violence and Health. An important contribution of this report is its documentation of the association between mental health and violence. Mental health problems have been established as both causes and consequences of interpersonal, collective, and self-directed (i.e., suicidal behavior) violence. This report and the activities it

James A. Mercy; Alexander Butchart; Linda L. Dahlberg; Anthony B. Zwi; Etienne G. Krug

2003-01-01

441

Women's mental health in Pakistan.  

PubMed

In Pakistan, societal attitudes and norms, as well as cultural practices (Karo Kari, exchange marriages, dowry, etc.), play a vital role in women's mental health. The religious and ethnic conflicts, along with the dehumanizing attitudes towards women, the extended family system, role of in-laws in daily lives of women, represent major issues and stressors. Such practices in Pakistan have created the extreme marginalisation of women in numerous spheres of life, which has had an adverse psychological impact. Violence against women has become one of the acceptable means whereby men exercise their culturally constructed right to control women. Still, compared to other South Asian countries, Pakistani women are relatively better off than their counterparts. PMID:16633458

Niaz, Unaiza

2004-02-01

442

Mental Health Services in Rural Jails. Working Paper No. 42.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of rural jails in the mental health systems in rural communities, investigate how rural jails manage mental health and substance abuse problems among inmates, ascertain barriers to providing mental health ...

A. Yousefian D. Hartley D. Lambert M. M. Race

2010-01-01

443

42 CFR 441.106 - Comprehensive mental health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Comprehensive mental health program. 441.106 Section... § 441.106 Comprehensive mental health program. (a) If the plan...and implementing a comprehensive mental health program. (b) The program...

2010-10-01

444

42 CFR 441.106 - Comprehensive mental health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Comprehensive mental health program. 441.106 Section... § 441.106 Comprehensive mental health program. (a) If the plan...and implementing a comprehensive mental health program. (b) The program...

2009-10-01

445

42 CFR 441.106 - Comprehensive mental health program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Comprehensive mental health program. 441.106 Section... § 441.106 Comprehensive mental health program. (a) If the plan...and implementing a comprehensive mental health program. (b) The program...

2012-10-01

446

Religious practices, beliefs, and mental health: variations across ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We examined whether Black Americans and Hispanic Americans experienced greater mental health benefits from religious involvement than White Americans, and whether these benefits would be mediated through three psychosocial factors – social support, meaning, and forgiveness.Methods. Utilizing data from a probability sample of Chicago-based adults (n=3103), ethnicity-stratified multivariate regression models estimated the association of religiosity with depressive symptoms, anxiety

Michelle J. Sternthal; David R. Williams; Marc A. Musick; Anna C. Buck

2012-01-01

447

Reducing the Silent Burden of Impaired Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental and behavioral disorders account for about one third of the world's disability caused by all ill health among adults, with unipolar depressive disorders set to be the world's number one cause of illhealth and premature death in 2030, affecting high- and low-income countries. There is a range of evidence-based cost-effective interventions that can be implemented in parenting, at schools,

Eva Jané-Llopis; Peter Anderson; Sarah Stewart-Brown; Katherine Weare; Kristian Wahlbeck; David McDaid; Cary Cooper; Paul Litchfield

2011-01-01

448

Neighborhood Processes, Self-Efficacy, and Adolescent Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-efficacy beliefs are central to mental health. Because adolescents’ neighborhoods shape opportunities for experiences of control, predictability, and safety, we propose that neighborhood conditions are associated with adolescents’ self-efficacy and, in turn, their internalizing problems (i.e., depression\\/anxiety symptoms). We tested these hypotheses using three waves of data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (N = 2,345). Results

Véronique Dupéré; Tama Leventhal; Frank Vitaro

2012-01-01

449

Increasing lifestyle physical activity in patients with depression or other serious mental illness.  

PubMed

People with severe and persistent mental illness are more likely to be overweight and to suffer from obesity-related illnesses such as diabetes and heart disease than healthy individuals. Lifestyle change interventions that emphasize integrating physical activity into daily life have not been studied extensively in people with mental illness. The authors present the results of an initial feasibility study of a lifestyle modification program for individuals with serious mental illness. Thirty-nine individuals with depression or other serious mental illness were recruited from three different mental health facilities to attend an 18-week lifestyle intervention program promoting physical activity and healthy eating. At each session, participants discussed topics related to healthy lifestyle changes and participated in group walks. Data were collected at baseline, 6 weeks, and 18 weeks. The results demonstrated that individuals who have depression and other serious mental illnesses can participate in a lifestyle intervention program. Participants who attended the final follow-up session had lost weight over the course of the intervention. Study retention was a problem. However, the cost of this type of group-based lifestyle intervention was relatively low, so that such an intervention for this high-risk group may still be cost-effective. PMID:16304506

Richardson, Caroline R; Avripas, Sabrina A; Neal, David L; Marcus, Sheila M

2005-11-01

450

Transitions: A Mental Health Literacy Program for Postsecondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Enhancement of mental health literacy is a mental health promotion strategy that may be effective at destigmatizing mental illness and increasing self-seeking behavior. Transitions is a mental health literacy program intended to heighten students' awareness and discussion of mental health problems and promote help-seeking behaviors. Transitions…

Potvin-Boucher, Jacqueline; Szumilas, Magdalena; Sheikh, Tabinda; Kutcher, Stan

2010-01-01

451

Transitions: A Mental Health Literacy Program for Postsecondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancement of mental health literacy is a mental health promotion strategy that may be effective at destigmatizing mental illness and increasing self-seeking behavior. Transitions is a mental health literacy program intended to heighten students' awareness and discussion of mental health problems and promote help-seeking behaviors. Transitions…

Potvin-Boucher, Jacqueline; Szumilas, Magdalena; Sheikh, Tabinda; Kutcher, Stan

2010-01-01

452

Managed Mental Health Care: Intentional Misdiagnosis of Mental Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors provide an overview of the effectiveness of managed health care systems and their impact on mental health counselors. They review ethical and legal dilemmas involving informed consent, confidentiality, client autonomy, competence, treatment plans, and termination that had not existed prior to the introduction of…

Braun, Sharon A.; Cox, Jane A.

2005-01-01

453

Are mental health and binge drinking associated in Dutch adolescents? Cross-sectional public health study  

PubMed Central

Background Depression and anxiety disorders have a high disease burden and as many as 15% of young people report mental health problems. Binge drinking, which is a particularly harmful way of consuming alcohol, is common among secondary school students. The aim of this study was to examine the association between binge drinking and self-reported mental health in boys and girls aged 12 to 18 years. Findings This cross-sectional analysis was performed on data collected by the Community Health Service (GGD) Brabant Zuidoost, the Netherlands, in 2007. In this Youth Survey, 10 090 randomly selected adolescents aged 12 tot 18 years were each sent a letter, a questionnaire, and a user name and log-in code for if they preferred to complete the Internet version of the questionnaire. Mental health was assessed using the Mental Health Inventory (MHI-5), a short 5-item questionnaire to detect feelings of depression and anxiety. Participants were asked about current alcohol consumption, their relationship with their parents, drug use, and sociodemographic data. Corrected for confounders, binge drinking and mental health problems were associated in the 12 to 15 year old girls (OR 2.43; 95% CI 1.86-3.17, p = 0.000) and boys (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.19-2.27, p = 0.003). The majority of the 16 to 18 year old adolescents had been binge drinking in the previous 4 weeks (69.6% boys and 56.8% girls). In this age group, boys with mental health problems were less likely to be classified as binge drinkers than were boys without mental health problems (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.45-0.87, p = 0.005). No such association between binge drinking and mental health was found in girls of this age. Conclusion Girls and boys aged 12-15 years were classified as binge drinkers significantly more often when they reported poor mental health. Because binge drinking damages the brain, especially at a young age, it is important that health professionals are alert to possible binge drinking when young adolescents report mental health problems and should ask their patients about their drinking behaviour. Likewise, if youngsters under 16 present with binge drinking, they should be asked whether they are anxious or depressed.

2011-01-01

454

Development of a Brief Mental Health Screen for Intimate Partner Violence Victims in the Emergency Department  

PubMed Central

Background Emergency physicians routinely treat victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) and patients with mental health symptoms, although these issues may be missed without routine screening. In addition, research has demonstrated a strong association between IPV victimization and mental health symptoms. Objectives To develop a brief mental health screen that could be used feasibly in an emergency department to screen IPV victims for depressive symptoms, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and suicidal ideation. Methods The authors conducted a pretest/posttest validation study of female IPV victims to determine what questions from the Beck Depression Inventory II, Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, and Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation would predict moderate to severe levels of depressive symptoms, PTSD symptoms, and suicidal ideation. A principal components factor analysis was conducted to determine which questions would be used in the brief mental health screen. Scatter plots were then created to determine a cut point. Results Scores on the brief mental health screen ranged from 0 to 8. A cutoff score of 4 was used, which resulted in positive predictive values of 96% for the brief mental health screen for depression, 84% for PTSD symptoms, and 54% for suicidal ideation. In particular, four questions about sadness, experiencing a traumatic event, the desire to live, and the desire to commit suicide were associated with moderate to severe mental health symptoms in IPV victims. Conclusions The brief mental health screen provides a tool that could be used in an emergency department setting and predicted those IPV victims with moderate to severe mental health symptoms. Using this tool can assist emergency physicians in recognizing at-risk patients and referring these IPV victims to mental health services.

Houry, Debra; Kemball, Robin S.; Click, Lorie A.; Kaslow, Nadine J.

2008-01-01

455

Beyond Astroturfing; Web depression campaigns, personal security risk, and the promotion of mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper analyzes contemporary,dominant broad-spectrum mental illness discourses created for consumers, in order to understand the role ascribed to a new American recovery subject—one articulated in the context of risk culture and neoliberalism. Specifically, the paper addresses depression discourses at the on-line media sites of insurance and pharmaceutical industries, NGO advocacy groups, and state health policy, where these organizations

Paula Gardner

456

Mental Health Service Delivery to Older People in New South Wales: Perceptions of Aged Care, Adult Mental Health and Mental Health Services for Older People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To compare the perceptions of aged care services, adult mental health services and mental health services for older people regarding aspects of mental health service delivery for older people in New South Wales, Australia.Method: The NSW Branch of the Faculty of Psychiatry of Old Age in association with the NSW Centre for Mental Health, sent a postal survey to

Brian Draper; Tanya Jochelson; David Kitching; John Snowdon; Henry Brodaty; Bob Russell

2003-01-01

457

Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on December 13, the first Surgeon General's report on mental health reveals that nearly half of all Americans who have a severe mental illness fail to seek treatment. The 500-page publication was developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) under the guidance of the Surgeon General. It notes that "disorders such as depression, schizophrenia and eating disorders are real illnesses that, if untreated, can be as disabling and serious as cancer and heart disease in terms of premature death and lost productivity." The report takes a life-span approach, considering vulnerability to distinct forms of mental and behavioral disorders at different stages of life as well as the impact of gender, culture, and age on the diagnosis, course, and treatment of mental illness. Users can read the full text of the report and the accompanying tables and figures in HTML or .pdf formats at the Virtual Office of the Surgeon General or one of three mirror sites. For more on the report, please see the In The News section from this week's Scout Report for Social Sciences.

458

Political violence and mental health in Nepal: prospective study*†  

PubMed Central

Background Post-conflict mental health studies in low-income countries have lacked pre-conflict data to evaluate changes in psychiatric morbidity resulting from political violence. Aims This prospective study compares mental health before and after exposure to direct political violence during the People’s War in Nepal. Method An adult cohort completed the Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory in 2000 prior to conflict violence in their community and in 2007 after the war. Results Of the original 316 participants, 298 (94%) participated in the post-conflict assessment. Depression increased from 30.9 to 40.6%. Anxiety increased from 26.2 to 47.7%. Post-conflict post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was 14.1%. Controlling for ageing, the depression increase was not significant. The anxiety increase showed a dose–response association with conflict exposure when controlling for ageing and daily stressors. No demographic group displayed unique vulnerability or resilience to the effects of conflict exposure. Conclusions Conflict exposure should be considered in the context of other types of psychiatric risk factors. Conflict exposure predicted increases in anxiety whereas socioeconomic factors and non-conflict stressful life events were the major predictors of depression. Research and interventions in post-conflict settings therefore should consider differential trajectories for depression v. anxiety and the importance of addressing chronic social problems ranging from poverty to gender and ethnic/caste discrimination.

Kohrt, Brandon A.; Hruschka, Daniel J.; Worthman, Carol M.; Kunz, Richard D.; Baldwin, Jennifer L.; Upadhaya, Nawaraj; Acharya, Nanda Raj; Koirala, Suraj; Thapa, Suraj B.; Tol, Wietse A.; Jordans, Mark J. D.; Robkin, Navit; Sharma, Vidya Dev; Nepal, Mahendra K.

2012-01-01

459

Mental Health of Muslim Nursing Students in Thailand  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this research was to explore the mental health and well-being of Muslim nursing students in Thailand. Specifically, the study investigated the factors that impact anxiety and depression among Muslim nursing students. This cross-sectional research was conducted with a half sampling method of Muslim undergraduate students who were studying at a public nursing college in Thailand. From the 220 self-identified Muslim nursing students, 110 were sampled for this study, representing 14% of the total nursing students at this college. Results indicated a moderate prevalence of anxiety and high prevalence of depression among Muslim nursing students. Stress (? = .42) was positively associated with anxiety, while self-esteem (? = -.42) was negatively associated with anxiety; together this model accounted for 46% of the variance in anxiety. Self-esteem (? = -.41) and social support (? = -.17) were negatively associated with depression, while stress (? = .37) was positively correlated with depression; together this model accounted for 57% of the variance in depression. Recommendations were given to help train Muslim nursing students to be competent nurses with good mental health and well-being who will succeed and contribute to the nursing profession.

Ratanasiripong, Paul

2012-01-01

460

Migration and mental health in Europe (the state of the mental health in Europe working group: appendix 1)  

PubMed Central

Background This paper is a part of the work of the group that carried out the report "The state of the mental health in Europe" (European Commission, DG Health and Consumer Protection, 2004) and deals with the mental health issues related to the migration in Europe. Methods The paper tries to describe the social, demographical and political context of the emigration in Europe and tries to indicate the needs and (mental) health problems of immigrants. A review of the literature concerning mental health risk in immigrant is also carried out. The work also faces the problem of the health policy toward immigrants and the access to health care services in Europe. Results Migration during the 1990s has been high and characterised by new migrations. Some countries in Europe, that have been traditionally exporters of migrants have shifted to become importers. Migration has been a key force in the demographic changes of the European population. The policy of closed borders do not stop migration, but rather seems to set up a new underclass of so-called "illegals" who are suppressed and highly exploited. In 2000 there were also 392.200 asylum applications. The reviewed literature among mental health risk in some immigrant groups in Europe concerns: 1) highest rate of schizophrenia; suicide; alcohol and drug abuse; access of psychiatric facilities; risk of anxiety and depression; mental health of EU immigrants once they returned to their country; early EU immigrants in today disadvantaged countries; refugees and mental health Due to the different condition of migration concerning variables as: motivation to migrations (e.g. settler, refugees, gastarbeiters); distance for the host culture; ability to develop mediating structures; legal residential status it is impossible to consider "migrants" as a homogeneous group concerning the risk for mental illness. In this sense, psychosocial studies should be undertaken to identify those factors which may under given conditions, imply an increased risk of psychiatric disorders and influence seeking for psychiatric care. Comments and Remarks Despite in the migrants some vulnerable groups were identified with respect to health problems, in many European countries there are migrants who fall outside the existing health and social services, something which is particularly true for asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants. In order to address these deficiencies, it is necessary to provide with an adequate financing and a continuity of the grants for research into the multicultural health demand. Finally, there is to highlight the importance of adopting an integrated approach to mental health care that moves away from psychiatric care only.

2005-01-01

461

Stigma and Mental Illness: Investigating Attitudes of Mental Health and Non-Mental-Health Professionals and Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors explored attitudes toward adults with mental illness. Results suggest that mental health trainees and professionals had less stigmatizing attitudes than did non-mental-health trainees and professionals. Professionals receiving supervision had higher mean scores on the Benevolence subscale than did professionals who were not receiving…

Smith, Allison L.; Cashwell, Craig S.

2010-01-01

462

Postpartum mental health after Hurricane Katrina: A cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Natural disaster is often a cause of psychopathology, and women are vulnerable to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Depression is also common after a woman gives birth. However, no research has addressed postpartum women's mental health after natural disaster. Methods Interviews were conducted in 2006–2007 with women who had been pregnant during or shortly after Hurricane Katrina. 292 New Orleans and Baton Rouge women were interviewed at delivery and 2 months postpartum. Depression was assessed using the Edinburgh Depression Scale and PTSD using the Post-Traumatic Stress Checklist. Women were asked about their experience of the hurricane with questions addressing threat, illness, loss, and damage. Chi-square tests and log-binomial/Poisson models were used to calculate associations and relative risks (RR). Results Black women and women with less education were more likely to have had a serious experience of the hurricane. 18% of the sample met the criteria for depression and 13% for PTSD at two months postpartum. Feeling that one's life was in danger was associated with depression and PTSD, as were injury to a family member and severe impact on property. Overall, two or more severe experiences of the storm was associated with an increased risk for both depression (relative risk (RR) 1.77, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08–2.89) and PTSD (RR 3.68, 95% CI 1.80–7.52). Conclusion Postpartum women who experience natural disaster severely are at increased risk for mental health problems, but overall rates of depression and PTSD do not seem to be higher than in studies of the general population.

Harville, Emily W; Xiong, Xu; Pridjian, Gabriella; Elkind-Hirsch, Karen; Buekens, Pierre

2009-01-01

463

Correspondence of perceptions about centenarians' mental health  

PubMed Central

Objectives The goals of this study were to uncover the criteria by which centenarians, proxy/caregivers, and interviewers rated centenarians' mental health. Often proxy and interviewer reports are obtained in studies of the oldest-old and become a primary source of information. Methods Data were from a population-based sample of mentally competent US centenarians in northern Georgia. The dependent variables were based on alternative reports for the centenarians' mental or emotional health. Regression analysis was used to predict each source's rating of mental health separately with the same set of variables. These variables included information obtained from the centenarians and proxies about their distal experiences, demographics, and proximal resources including Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), health, personality, socioeconomic resources, and coping behaviors. Results Examination of mean-level differences between sources revealed similarity across mental health ratings. For centenarians and proxies, perceived economic status was a very important predictor of mental health. For centenarians and interviewers, personality (neuroticism and extraversion) was an important common predictor. The interviewer and proxy mental health ratings were strongly associated with MMSE, but that was not the case for centenarians. Conclusion Mean-level findings and the comparative regression results provide corroborating evidence that centenarians' self-reports of mental health are similar based on average ratings and presence of common associations with other raters (i.e., perceived economic status and personality). Implications of differences across rater pairs are discussed as guidance about the comparative value of substitution of proxies as informants for addressing specific influences on mental health.

MacDonald, Maurice; Martin, Peter; Margrett, Jennifer; Poon, Leonard W.

2010-01-01

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