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1

The use of propeller turbines in low head stand alone micro hydro electric power generation units  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mountainous regions of developing countries offer a great potential for small scale hydroelectric schemes, running as stand alone units. Such schemes with power output less than 100kW are usually referred to as micro-hydro power generation units. For low—head sites (available head less than 10 m), there is a vast number of suitable sites in countries with less mountainous areas

G. M. Demetriades; A. A. Williams; N. P. A. Smith

1995-01-01

2

Induction generators for stand-alone micro-hydro systems  

SciTech Connect

Micro-hydro schemes have an output of less than 100 kW. They are usually installed to supply electricity to small communities in remote areas which the grid fails to reach. Most micro-hydro schemes are located in the mountainous regions of developing countries, such as the Andes and Himalaya. By using appropriate designs, local skills and local manufacture these schemes can be more cost-effective than large hydro projects. By using self-excited induction generators rather than synchronous generators cost savings and reliability improvements can be achieved, due to the simple construction and inherent robustness of cage induction machines. However, until recently the extra cost and complexity of the voltage and frequency control equipment has more than offset the advantages of using stand-alone induction generators. This paper describes a new approach to controlling induction generators on stand-alone micro-hydro systems. The turbine power-speed characteristic and the relatively high magnetic saturation of modern induction machines are used to reduce the control equipment required. The implementation of the control approach is described along with considerations regarding generator selection and efficiency.

Smith, N.P.A. [Nottingham Trent Univ. (United Kingdom)

1995-12-31

3

Cumulative Effects of Micro-Hydro Development on the Fisheries of the Swan River Drainage, Montana, First Annual Progress Report (Covering Field Season July-November 1982).  

SciTech Connect

This fisheries study is to determine the potential cumulative biological and economic effects of 20 small or micro-hydro-electric facilities (less than 5 megawatts) proposed to be constructed on tributaries to the Swan River, a 1738 square kilometer (671 square mile) drainage located in northwestern Montana. The study addresses portions of measure 1204 (b) (2) of the Norwthwest Power Planning Council's Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Aerial pre-surveys conducted during 1982 identified 102 stream reaches that may support fish populations in the Swan drainage between Swan and Lindbergh lakes. These reaches were located in 49 tributary streams and constituted 416 kilometers (258 miles) of potential fish habitat. Construction of all proposed small hydro projects would divert water from 54 kilometers (34 miles) or about 13 percent of the tributary system. Only two of the 20 proposed hydro sites did not support trout populations and most were populated by migratory bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout. Potential cumulative habitat losses that could result from dewatering of all proposed project areas were predicted using a stream reach classification scheme involving stream gradient, drainage ara, and fish population data. Preliminary results of this worst case analysis indicate that 23, 19 and 6 percent of the high quality rearing habitat for cutthroat, bull, and brook trout respectively would be lost.

Leathe, Stephen A.; Graham, Patrick J.

1984-03-01

4

Optimal PID-self regulating controller for micro hydro-fuel cell green Energy Management Scheme  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel Electric Energy Management compensator based on Multi Objective Particle Swarm Optimization search technique MOPSO for use in hydrogen and island electricity generation. It combines a fuel cell power source and a micro hydro water turbine. The novel control strategy is designed to achieve the high-efficiency coordinated operation of the two individual power sources and to

Adel M. Sharaf; Adel A. A. El-Gammal

2010-01-01

5

Experimental optimization of a free vortex propeller runner for micro hydro application  

Microsoft Academic Search

The turbine technology for low head application in the micro hydro range has been vastly neglected despite niche available in scattered regions of valley flows as well as in wastewater canals and other energy recovery schemes, where the available head does not exceed 2 meters. The goal of this study is to develop hydraulically optimized propeller turbines for the micro

Punit Singh; Franz Nestmann

2009-01-01

6

Cumulative Effects of Micro-Hydro Development on the Fisheries of the Swan River Drainage, Montana, Volume I, Summary, 1983-1984 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This study was designed to develop and apply methods to evaluate the cumulative effects of 20 proposed small hydro projects on the fisheries resources of the Swan River drainage located in northwestern Montana. Fish population and reach classification information was used to estimate total populations of 107,000 brook trout, 65,000 cut-throat trout and 31,000 juvenile bull trout within the tributary system. Distribution, abundance, and life history of fish species in the drainage and their contribution to the sport fishery were considered in the cumulative impact analysis. Bull trout were chosen as the primary species of concern because of their extensive use of project areas, sensitivity to streambed sedimentation, and their importance to the lake and river sport fisheries. Dewatering of hydroelectric diversion zones and streambed sedimentation (resulting from forest and small hydro development) were the major impacts considered. The developer proposed to divert up to the entire streamflow during low flow months because maintenance of recommended minimum bypass flows would not allow profitable project operation. Dewatering was assumed to result in a total loss of fish production in these areas. 105 refs., 19 figs., 38 tabs.

Leathe, Stephen A.; Enk, Michael D.

1985-04-01

7

Cumulative Effects of Micro-Hydro Development on the Fisheries of the Swan River Drainage, Montana, Volume III, Fish and Habitat Inventory of Tributary Streams, 1983-1984 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a study of the fisheries of the Swan River drainage in relation to potential small hydro development. This information was collected in order to obtain a reliable basin-wide database which was used to evaluate the potential cumulative effects of a number of proposed small hydro developments on the fisheries of the drainage. For each named tributary stream there is a reach-by-reach narrative summary of general habitat characteristics, outstanding features of the stream, and fish populations and spawning use. An attempt was made to rank many of the measured parameters relative to other surveyed stream reaches in the drainage. 3 refs.

Leathe, Stephen A.

1985-03-01

8

Simulations of Blade Angle Effects on EGAT-Micro Hydro Turbine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the feasibility study of design phase of EGAT (Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand) in-house micro hydro bulb turbine at Huai Kum Dam drainage pipeline from the reservoir for irrigation, the simulation of blade angle effects had been performed. In this case study, the turbine was designed at the average head of 21 m and water flow rate of 0.424

Weerapon Nuantong; Sirivit Taechajedcadarungsri

2010-01-01

9

Micro Hydro Energy Resources in Bangladesh: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reliable, affordable and secure supply of energy is important for economic development. This has been true for the past and present and will remain valid for the future. However, over time, changes have taken and will take place with regard to energy use, both with regard to the amount as well as with regard to the type of energy

M. A. Wazed; Shamsuddin Ahmed

2008-01-01

10

Simulations of Blade Angle Effects on EGAT-Micro Hydro Turbine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the feasibility study of design phase of EGAT (Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand) in-house micro hydro bulb turbine at Huai Kum Dam drainage pipeline from the reservoir for irrigation, the simulation of blade angle effects had been performed. In this case study, the turbine was designed at the average head of 21 m and water flow rate of 0.424 m3/s. The simulation was conducted in order to study of the effects of blade angle on the fluid flow for this specific case. The LES turbulence model under the practical condition of unsteady flow and incompressible fluid at Huai Kum Dam was investigated. The rotating blades effect the change in pressure and momentum which depend on head and flow rate of fluid. The research studied pressure and velocity of fluid flow on blades solving the pre-design for the improvement of hydro turbine efficiency. The computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was used to simulate the pressure and velocity distributions on blades of hydro bulb turbine which consists of five-blade runner and rotates at 980 rpm by using Fluent Software. The model was set at the blade twist angle of 25o and blade camber angle of 32o and then adjusted the guide vane angle to 60o, 65o and 70o respectively for comparing the maximum and minimum pressure on both sides of the blades as well as the corresponding efficiency. The results have shown that by setting guide vane angle to 60o, 65o and 70o, the maximum pressure, located at the leading edge of pressure side, are 213 kPa, 217 kPa and 207 kPa and the minimum pressure, located at the leading edge of suction side are -473 kPa, -465 kPa, and -581 kPa respectively. The flow profiles of pressure, velocity and stream line showed the guidelines of better blade angle comparisons. The maximum efficiency of hydro bulb turbine found in this study was 67.8% at blade angle of 32o and guide vane of 60o. This case study will be further investigated on the blade design for the improvement of the turbine efficiency before finalized the post-design.

Nuantong, Weerapon; Taechajedcadarungsri, Sirivit

2010-06-01

11

Renewables for sustainable village power supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Mexico there are more than 80000 villages without electricity whatsoever. People living in these communities could reach 6 million inhabitants. The smallness and remoteness of these communities makes them eligible for decentralised remote power technologies such as photovoltaics (PV), thermosolar, wind, micro hydro and biomass. These technological applications may demonstrate the technical performance, economic competitiveness, operational viability and environmental

J. Gutierrez-Vera

2000-01-01

12

China opts for small-scale energy techniques. [Micro hydro plants, small coal mines, methane from organic wastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

China, the largest of the developing countries, has adopted the intermediate technology approach to provide its basic energy supply. The dictum of the Chinese economy since the later 1950s has been not only developing large modern enterprises but also small projects in the rural areas. The advantages of the intermediate approach lie in an extensive use of plentiful and cheap

Smil

1976-01-01

13

Power Systems Development Facility  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC12 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (SW) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed reactor designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier using a particulate control device (PCD). While operating as a gasifier, either air or oxygen can be used as the oxidant. Test run TC12 began on May 16, 2003, with the startup of the main air compressor and the lighting of the gasifier start-up burner. The Transport Gasifier operated until May 24, 2003, when a scheduled outage occurred to allow maintenance crews to install the fuel cell test unit and modify the gas clean-up system. On June 18, 2003, the test run resumed when operations relit the start-up burner, and testing continued until the scheduled end of the run on July 14, 2003. TC12 had a total of 733 hours using Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal. Over the course of the entire test run, gasifier temperatures varied between 1,675 and 1,850 F at pressures from 130 to 210 psig.

None

2003-07-01

14

Power Systems Development Facility  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC15 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Power Generation, Inc. (SPG) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed reactor designed to operate as either a combustor or gasifier using a particulate control device (PCD). While operating as a gasifier, either air or oxygen can be used as the oxidant. Test run TC15 began on April 19, 2004, with the startup of the main air compressor and the lighting of the gasifier startup burner. The Transport Gasifier was shutdown on April 29, 2004, accumulating 200 hours of operation using Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal. About 91 hours of the test run occurred during oxygen-blown operations. Another 6 hours of the test run was in enriched-air mode. The remainder of the test run, approximately 103 hours, took place during air-blown operations. The highest operating temperature in the gasifier mixing zone mostly varied from 1,800 to 1,850 F. The gasifier exit pressure ran between 200 and 230 psig during air-blown operations and between 110 and 150 psig in oxygen-enhanced air operations.

Southern Company Services

2004-04-30

15

POWER SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT FACILITY  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses test campaign GCT4 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) transport reactor train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The transport reactor is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed reactor designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier using one of two possible particulate control devices (PCDs). The transport reactor was operated as a pressurized gasifier during GCT4. GCT4 was planned as a 250-hour test run to continue characterization of the transport reactor using a blend of several Powder River Basin (PRB) coals and Bucyrus limestone from Ohio. The primary test objectives were: Operational Stability--Characterize reactor loop and PCD operations with short-term tests by varying coal-feed rate, air/coal ratio, riser velocity, solids-circulation rate, system pressure, and air distribution. Secondary objectives included the following: Reactor Operations--Study the devolatilization and tar cracking effects from transient conditions during transition from start-up burner to coal. Evaluate the effect of process operations on heat release, heat transfer, and accelerated fuel particle heat-up rates. Study the effect of changes in reactor conditions on transient temperature profiles, pressure balance, and product gas composition. Effects of Reactor Conditions on Synthesis Gas Composition--Evaluate the effect of air distribution, steam/coal ratio, solids-circulation rate, and reactor temperature on CO/CO{sub 2} ratio, synthesis gas Lower Heating Value (LHV), carbon conversion, and cold and hot gas efficiencies. Research Triangle Institute (RTI) Direct Sulfur Recovery Process (DSRP) Testing--Provide syngas in support of the DSRP commissioning. Loop Seal Operations--Optimize loop seal operations and investigate increases to previously achieved maximum solids-circulation rate.

Unknown

2002-11-01

16

POWER SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT FACILITY  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses test campaign GCT3 of the Halliburton KBR transport reactor train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The transport reactor is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed reactor designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier using one of two possible particulate control devices (PCDs). The transport reactor was operated as a pressurized gasifier during GCT3. GCT3 was planned as a 250-hour test run to commission the loop seal and continue the characterization of the limits of operational parameter variations using a blend of several Powder River Basin coals and Bucyrus limestone from Ohio. The primary test objectives were: (1) Loop Seal Commissioning--Evaluate the operational stability of the loop seal with sand and limestone as a bed material at different solids circulation rates and establish a maximum solids circulation rate through the loop seal with the inert bed. (2) Loop Seal Operations--Evaluate the loop seal operational stability during coal feed operations and establish maximum solids circulation rate. Secondary objectives included the continuation of reactor characterization, including: (1) Operational Stability--Characterize the reactor loop and PCD operations with short-term tests by varying coal feed, air/coal ratio, riser velocity, solids circulation rate, system pressure, and air distribution. (2) Reactor Operations--Study the devolatilization and tar cracking effects from transient conditions during transition from start-up burner to coal. Evaluate the effect of process operations on heat release, heat transfer, and accelerated fuel particle heat-up rates. Study the effect of changes in reactor conditions on transient temperature profiles, pressure balance, and product gas composition. (3) Effects of Reactor Conditions on Syngas Composition--Evaluate the effect of air distribution, steam/coal ratio, solids circulation rate, and reactor temperature on CO/CO{sub 2} ratio, H{sub 2}/converted carbon ratio, gasification rates, carbon conversion, and cold and hot gas efficiencies. Test run GCT3 was started on December 1, 2000, with the startup of the thermal oxidizer fan, and was completed on February 1, 2001. This test was conducted in two parts; the loop seal was commissioned during the first part of this test run from December 1 through 15, which consisted of hot inert solids circulation testing. These initial tests provided preliminary data necessary to understand different parameters associated with the operation and performance of the loop seal. The loop seal was tested with coal feed during the second part of the test run and additional data was gathered to analyze reactor operations and to identify necessary modifications to improve equipment and process performance. In the second part of GCT3, the gasification portion of the test, from January 20 to February 1, 2001, the mixing zone and riser temperatures were varied between 1,675 and 1,825 F at pressures ranging from 200 to 240 psig. There were 306 hours of solid circulation and 184 hours of coal feed attained in GCT3.

Unknown

2002-05-01

17

Developments in exotic power  

SciTech Connect

With singularly directed enthusiasm and extensive subsidies during the past ten years, much has been learned about the practicalities of exotic power sources. The findings reinforce some earlier scholarly statements to the effect that the energy conversion systems the nation had going into the 1980s will be the systems it has going into the 1990s, plus an important few percent from some exotics.

Olds, F.C.

1984-05-01

18

Fusion power development pathways  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the national fusion program Technical Planning Activity (TPA) led by Argonne National Laboratory, it was proposed that a systematic activity be initiated called Development Pathways Analysis. This activity was defined as {open_quotes}developing and applying methodologies for assessing the cost, risk, and schedule impacts of differing approaches to fusion development.{close_quotes} The TPA report states that an {open_quotes}important objective is to

Stephen O. Dean

1993-01-01

19

Opportunities in water power development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water power is a clean and renewable, conventional energy resource. Furthermore, most of the water power schemes are often multi-purpose projects serving, beside hydroelectric energy production, to purposes like flood control, irrigation, navigation, etc.; so that they are considered as basic components of the socioeconomic development from various perspectives. It should be put, therefore, special emphasis on the maximal exploitation

U. Ozis; E. Benzeden; N. Harmancioglu; F. Turkman

1980-01-01

20

Hydroelectric Power in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last two decades, global electricity production has more than doubled and electricity demand is rising rapidly around the world as economic development spreads to emerging economies. Not only has electricity demand increased significantly, it is the fastest growing end-use of energy. Therefore, technical, economic, and environmental benefits of hydroelectric power make it an important contributor to the future

I. Yüksel

2009-01-01

21

Nanosat Intelligent Power System Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center is developing a class of satellites called nano-satellites. The technologies developed for these satellites will enable a class of constellation missions for the NASA Space Science Sun-Earth Connections theme and will be of great benefit to other NASA enterprises. A major challenge for these missions is meeting significant scientific- objectives with limited onboard and ground-based resources. Total spacecraft power is limited by the small satellite size. Additionally, it is highly desirable to minimize operational costs by limiting the ground support required to manage the constellation. This paper will describe how these challenges are met in the design of the nanosat power system. We will address the factors considered and tradeoffs made in deriving the nanosat power system architecture. We will discuss how incorporating onboard fault detection and correction capability yields a robust spacecraft power bus without the mass and volume penalties incurred from redundant systems and describe how power system efficiency is maximized throughout the mission duration.

Johnson, Michael A.; Beaman, Robert G.; Mica, Joseph A.; Truszkowski, Walter F.; Rilee, Michael L.; Simm, David E.

1999-01-01

22

Development of Thailand's first nuclear power plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strengthening energy security, mitigating global warming and being competitive in global markets are among reasons Thailand is developing nuclear power program. Based on the current Thailand Power Development Plan there will be 5 units of a 1,000 MWe nuclear power plant commercialized from 2020 to 2028. Nuclear power will contribute no greater than 10% of Thailand electricity generation. Currently, Electricity

A. Patchimpattapong

2010-01-01

23

Developments in space power components for power management and distribution  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advanced power electronic components development for space applications is discussed. The components described include transformers, inductors, semiconductor devices such as transistors and diodes, remote power controllers, and transmission lines.

Renz, D. D.

1984-01-01

24

25 CFR 137.6 - Power development.  

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES REIMBURSEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION COSTS, SAN CARLOS INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT, ARIZONA § 137.6 Power development. The cost of the power development at the Coolidge Dam is...

2014-04-01

25

25 CFR 137.6 - Power development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES REIMBURSEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION COSTS, SAN CARLOS INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT, ARIZONA § 137.6 Power development. The cost of the power development at the Coolidge Dam is...

2010-04-01

26

25 CFR 137.6 - Power development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES REIMBURSEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION COSTS, SAN CARLOS INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT, ARIZONA § 137.6 Power development. The cost of the power development at the Coolidge Dam is...

2012-04-01

27

25 CFR 137.6 - Power development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES REIMBURSEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION COSTS, SAN CARLOS INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT, ARIZONA § 137.6 Power development. The cost of the power development at the Coolidge Dam is...

2013-04-01

28

25 CFR 137.6 - Power development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES REIMBURSEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION COSTS, SAN CARLOS INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECT, ARIZONA § 137.6 Power development. The cost of the power development at the Coolidge Dam is...

2011-04-01

29

Wind power development -Status and perspectives  

E-print Network

Wind power development - Status and perspectives Poul Erik Morthorst Risoe National Laboratory for the development of wind power, contributing to the Macro Task E1 on pro- duction cost for fusion and alternative on the development of the production costs for wind power, limited to turbines connected to the public grid

30

SOLAR POWER SATELLITES: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solar power is a reality. Today, increasing numbers of photovoltaic and other solar-powered installations are in service around the world and in space. The Solar Power Satellite has been hailed by proponents as the answer to future global energy security and dismissed by detractors as impractical and uneconomic. This paper reviews recent design and feasibility studies, advances made in enabling

Frank E. Little

31

Role of nuclear power in the Philippine power development program  

SciTech Connect

The reintroduction of nuclear power in the Philippines is favored by several factors such as: the inclusion of nuclear energy in the energy sector of the science and technology agenda for national development (STAND); the Large gap between electricity demand and available local supply for the medium-term power development plan; the relatively lower health risks in nuclear power fuel cycle systems compared to the already acceptable power systems; the lower environmental impacts of nuclear power systems compared to fossil fuelled systems and the availability of a regulatory framework and trained personnel who could form a core for implementing a nuclear power program. The electricity supply gap of 9600 MW for the period 1993-2005 could be partly supplied by nuclear power. The findings of a recent study are described, as well as the issues that have to be addressed in the reintroduction of nuclear power.

Aleta, C.R. [Philippine Nuclear Research Institite, Quezon City (Philippines)

1994-12-31

32

X2000 power system electronics development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The X2000 Power System Electronics (PSE) is a Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) task to develop a new generation of power system building blocks for potential use on future deep space missions. The effort includes the development of electronic components and modules that can be used as building blocks in the design of generic spacecraft power systems.

Carr, Greg; Deligiannis, Frank; Franco, Lauro; Jones, Loren; Lam, Barbara; Nelson, Ron; Pantaleon, Jose; Ruiz, Ian; Treichler, John; Wester, Gene; Sauers, Jim; Giampoli, Paul; Haskell, Russ; Mulvey, Jim; Repp, John

2005-01-01

33

Nuclear power under the clean development mechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not a few developing countries have been following a policy of positively introducing nuclear power to meet the predicted increase in energy demand in future, however, nuclear power development needs technically and financially advanced infrastructures. It is essential for the developing countries to receive technical and financial supports from a developed country or countries, in relation to procurement of funds,

Ichiro Ikemoto; Keiji Kanda

2000-01-01

34

Development of gallium nitride power transistors  

E-print Network

GaN-based high-voltage transistors have outstanding properties for the development of ultra-high efficiency and compact power electronics. This thesis describes a new process technology for the fabrication of GaN power ...

Piedra, Daniel, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01

35

Biomass power for rural development  

SciTech Connect

Biomass is a proven option for electricity generation. A diverse range of biopower producers includes electric utilities, independent power producers, and the pulp and paper industry. To help expand opportunities for biomass power production, the U.S. Department of Energy established the Biopower Program and is sponsoring efforts to increase the productivity of dedicated energy crops. The Program aims to double biomass conversion efficiencies, thus reducing biomass power generation costs. These efforts will promote industrial and agricultural growth, improve the environment, create jobs, increase U.S. energy security, and provide new export markets.

Shepherd, P.

2000-06-02

36

Space power development impact on technology requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper is concerned with the selection of a specific spacecraft power technology and the identification of technology development to meet system requirements. Requirements which influence the selection of a given technology include the power level required, whether the load is constant or transient in nature, and in the case of transient loads, the time required to recover the power, and overall system safety. Various power technologies, such as solar voltaic power, solar dynamic power, nuclear power systems, and electrochemical energy storage, are briefly described.

Cassidy, J. F.; Fitzgerald, T. J.; Gilje, R. I.; Gordon, J. D.

1986-01-01

37

Development of Power Assisting Suit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to realize a wearable power assisting suit for assisting a nurse to carry a patient in her arms, the power supply and control systems of the suit have to be miniaturized, and it has to be wireless and pipeline-less. The new wearable suit consists of shoulders, arms, back, waist and legs units to be fitted on the nurse's body. The arms, waist and legs have new pneumatic rotary actuators driven directly by micro air pumps supplied by portable Ni-Cd batteries. The muscle forces are sensed by a new muscle hardness sensor utilizing a sensing tip mounted on a force sensing film device. An embedded microcomputer is used for the calculations of control signals. The new wearable suit was applied practically to a human body and a series of movement experiments that weights in the arms were held and taken up and down was performed. Each unit of the suit could transmit assisting torque directly to each joint verifying its practicability.

Yamamoto, Keijiro; Ishii, Mineo; Hyodo, Kazuhito; Yoshimitsu, Toshihiro; Matsuo, Takashi

38

Multikilowatt power electronics development for spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Attention is given to several multikilowatt power electronic components developed by TRW for the Space Station Power Management and Distribution test bed at NASA Lewis Research Center. These components include a 12.5-kW DC-DC converter, a 6.25-kW battery charge/discharge regulator, an 82-channel sequential shunt unit, a 10-A remote power controllers, and three different types of 1-kW load converters. TRW is also monitoring the development of 120-V fuses for space applications. The authors discuss these developments and provide steady-state and dynamic performance parameters.

Decker, D. K.; Inouye, L. Y.; Rolandelli, D. L.

1991-01-01

39

The power of outdoor management development  

Microsoft Academic Search

States that outdoor management development (OMD) is on the increase. Based on personal experience, lists the characteristics of effective OMD programmes, and argues that this type of training can be very powerful. On the basis of a review of relevant literature and anecdotal evidence, discusses ten salient features of OMD that account for this power: emotional intensity; psychological safety; consequentiality;

Glenn M. McEvoy; Paul F. Buller

1997-01-01

40

Power Management and Distribution System Developed for Thermionic Power Converters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A spacecraft solar, bimodal system combines propulsion and power generation into a single integrated system. An Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) provides orbital transfer capabilities, power generation for payloads, and onboard propulsion to the spacecraft. A key benefit of a bimodal system is a greater payload-to-spacecraft mass ratio resulting in lower launch vehicle requirements. Scaling down to smaller launch vehicles increases space access by reducing overall mission cost. NASA has joined efforts with the Air Force Phillips Laboratory to develop enabling technologies for such a system. The NASA/Air Force bimodal concept uses solar concentrators to focus energy into an integrated power plant. This power plant consists of a graphite core that stores thermal energy within a cavity. An array of thermionic converters encircles the graphite cavity and provides electrical energy conversion functions. During the power generation phase of the bimodal system, the thermionic converters are exposed to the heated cavity and convert the thermal energy to electricity. Near-term efforts of the ISUS bimodal program are focused on a ground demonstration of key technologies in order to proceed to a full space flight test. Thermionic power generation is one key technology of the bimodal concept. Thermionic power converters impose unique operating requirements upon a power management and distribution (PMAD) system design. Single thermionic converters supply large currents at very low voltages. Operating voltages can vary over a range of up to 3 to 1 as a function of operating temperature. Most spacecraft loads require regulated 28-volts direct-current (Vdc) power. A combination of series-connected converters and powerprocessing boosters is required to deliver power to the spacecraft's payloads at this level.

Baez, Anastacio N.

1998-01-01

41

Status of superconducting power transformer development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Development of the superconducting transformer is arguably the most difficult of the ac power applications of superconductivity - this is because of the need for very low ac losses, adequate fault and surge performance, and the rigors of the application e...

R. C. Johnson, B. W. McConnell, S. P. Mehta

1996-01-01

42

High power millimeter wave source development program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

High power millimeter wave sources for fusion program; ECH source development program strategy; and 1 MW, 140 GHz gyrotron experiment design philosophy are briefly outlined. This presentation is represented by viewgraphs only.

George, T. V.

1989-01-01

43

Power sector liberalization in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Based on extensive experience of the US Agency for International Development (USAID) with power sector liberalization in developing countries over the past decade, it has become clear that liberalization is a powerful tool for helping achieve sustainable and environmentally sound social and economic development. The basic driving forces for liberalization are: The need for additional energy to support sustainable economic and social development; the lack of public sector financial resources for system improvement; the inefficiency of existing power generation, transmission, distribution and end use; and the poor environmental performance of public sector power utilities. Power sector liberalization has brought the benefits of greater efficiency in the power sector, increased investment, more economic pricing, greater independence from political interference, increased competition and dampening of tariff increase, and better environmental protection. Care needs to be taken, however, to insure that progress in the areas of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and rural electrification are not compromised in the drive to liberalize. USAID firmly believes that power sector liberalization offers a fundamental opportunity to all countries to improve the sustainable supply and use of energy for productive purposes for this and future generations. All nations should seriously consider energy sector liberalization and one or more of the various approaches.

Seabright, J.

1998-07-01

44

Wind Power Development Economics and Policies  

E-print Network

This study reviews the prospects of wind power at the global level. Existing studies indicate that the earth’s wind energy supply potential significantly exceeds global energy demand. Yet, only 1 percent of the global electricity demand is currently derived from wind power despite 40 percent annual growth in wind generating capacity over the past 25 years. More than 98 percent of total current wind power capacity is installed in the developed countries plus China and India. It has been estimated that wind power could supply 7 to 34 percent of global electricity needs by 2050. However, wind power faces a large number of technical, economic, financial, institutional, market, and other barriers. To overcome these barriers, many countries have employed various policy instruments, including capital subsidies, tax incentives, tradable energy certificates, feed-in tariffs, grid access guarantees and mandatory standards. Besides these policies, climate change mitigation initiatives resulting from the Kyoto Protocol (e.g., CO 2-emission reduction targets in developed countries and the Clean Development Mechanism in developing countries) have played a significant role in promoting wind power. This paper—a product of the Environment and Energy Team, Development Research Group—is part of a larger effort in

G. Cornelis Van Kooten; Govinda R. Timilsina

45

Geothermal Power Development in the Phillippines  

SciTech Connect

The generation of electric power to meet the needs of industrial growth and dispersal in the Philippines is aimed at attaining self-reliance through availment of indigenous energy resources. The Philippines by virtue of her position in the high-heat flow region has in abundance a number of exploitable geothermal fields located all over the country. Results indicate that the geothermal areas of the Philippines presently in various stages of exploration and development are of such magnitude that they can be relied on to meet a significant portion of the country's power need. Large scale geothermal energy for electric power generation was put into operation last year with the inauguration of two 55-MW geothermal generating units at Tiwi, Albay in Southern Luzon. Another two 55-MW units were added to the Luzon Grid in the same year from Makiling-Banahaw field about 70 kilometers south of Manila. For 1979 alone, therefore, 220-MW of generating capacity was added to the power supply coming from geothermal energy. This year a total of 220-MW power is programmed for both areas. This will bring to 443-MW of installed generating capacity from geothermal energy with 3-MW contributed by the Tongonan Geothermal pilot plant in Tongonan, Leyte, Central Philippines in operation since July 1977. Financial consideration of Philippine experience showed that electric power derived from geothermal energy is competitive with other sources of energy and is a viable source of baseload electric power. Findings have proven the technical and economic acceptability of geothermal energy resources development. To realize the benefits that stem from the utilization of indigenous geothermal resources and in the light of the country's ever increasing electric power demand and in the absence of large commercial oil discovery in the Philippines, geothermal energy resource development has been accelerated anew. The program includes development of eight fields by 1989 by adding five more fields to the currently developed and producing geothermal areas.

Jovellanos, Jose U.; Alcaraz, Arturo; Datuin, Rogelio

1980-12-01

46

Developing mathematical power: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current reform for mathematics education calls for the development of each child's “mathematical power” (NCTM, 1989, p.5), which we contend can be developed in very young children. From an ongoing case study of Jaclyn's early mathematics learning at home, we (i) share one child's early mathematical attitudes and strategies, and (ii) discuss how one mother's interactions with her daughter influence

Eileen Phillips; Ann Anderson

1993-01-01

47

The developing international private power market  

SciTech Connect

A review group comprised of representatives from ten U.S. power industry companies recently released a report recommending increased assistance by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and other government agencies to provide reliable supplies of electricity and efficient use of energy. The report called for integrating U.S. foreign aid and trade policy to support U.S. industry in expanding overseas markets. The review group estimates a potential market of $370 billion to $900 billion worth of power equipment and services over the next 20 years. Recommendations of the Review Group include: Provide funding to support feasibility studies for electric power projects; Increase economic support funds and development assistance to emphasize energy, infrastructure, trade and investment; expand USAID's energy and private power activities through the formation of an Energy/Power, Infrastructure and Trade Institute as a public-private partnership; and include considerations of the U.S. trade balance in USAID's programs. The Report also criticized the U.S. power industry for an inadequate commitment to long term involvement in overseas markets.

Sullivan, J.B.

1989-09-01

48

Geothermal power developments in the Third World  

SciTech Connect

Emphasis on geothermal energy development in Third World countries is on electric power rather than non-electric direct uses, with some exceptions in Kenya, Viet Nam and China. Eastern European nations will continue to pursue non-electric uses and western nations will attempt to span both sets of uses. Multiple-source funding, including the United Nations Development Programme, bilateral and/or private investment funds and joint ventures are required by Third World countries to avoid long and costly delays and project abandonment. Fruitful geothermal energy developments have taken place in the Latin American Cordillera and the Philippines while less progress has been made in Africa. Indonesia appears to be on the threshold of significant growth of the geothermal power industry. Private investment funds are being used there. Shortages of trained technical staff continue to slow development in many Third World countries; US institutions have not yet established comprehensive training programs.

Koenig, J.B.; McNitt, J.R.; Gardner, M.C.

1981-10-01

49

Wind Farm Power System Model Development: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

In some areas, wind power has reached a level where it begins to impact grid operation and the stability of local utilities. In this paper, the model development for a large wind farm will be presented. Wind farm dynamic behavior and contribution to stability during transmission system faults will be examined.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.

2004-07-01

50

Development of high power QFN package  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leadframe CSP package had been well known to be a superior choice for high-speed application where high thermal performance is desired. With the advancement in technology trend, there is more increasing demand for higher thermal performance in miniature package to dissipate heat and improve the device performances. This paper describes the cost-effective development and material characterisation of high power quad

Francis Poh KS; Tan Hien Boon; Krishnamoorthi Sivalingam; Lim Beng Kuan; A. Y. S. Sun; Rahamat Bidin

2004-01-01

51

Millimeterwave Space Power Grid architecture development 2012  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is an update of the Space Power Grid architecture for space-based solar power with an improved design of the collector/converter link, the primary heater and the radiator of the active thermal control system. The Space Power Grid offers an evolutionary approach towards TeraWatt-level Space-based solar power. The use of millimeter wave frequencies (around 220GHz) and Low-Mid Earth Orbits shrinks the size of the space and ground infrastructure to manageable levels. In prior work we showed that using Brayton cycle conversion of solar power allows large economies of scale compared to the linear mass-power relationship of photovoltaic conversion. With high-temperature materials permitting 3600 K temperature in the primary heater, over 80 percent cycle efficiency was shown with a closed helium cycle for the 1GW converter satellite which formed the core element of the architecture. Work done since the last IEEE conference has shown that the use of waveguides incorporated into lighter-than-air antenna platforms, can overcome the difficulties in transmitting millimeter wave power through the moist, dense lower atmosphere. A graphene-based radiator design conservatively meets the mass budget for the waste heat rejection system needed for the compressor inlet temperature. Placing the ultralight Mirasol collectors in lower orbits overcomes the solar beam spot size problem of high-orbit collection. The architecture begins by establishing a power exchange with terrestrial renewable energy plants, creating an early revenue generation approach with low investment. The approach allows for technology development and demonstration of high power millimeter wave technology. A multinational experiment using the International Space Station and another power exchange satellite is proposed to gather required data and experience, thus reducing the technical and policy risks. The full-scale architecture deploys pairs of Mirasol sunlight collectors and Girasol 1 GW converter satellites t- ramp up space solar power level to over 5.6 TeraWatts by year 50 from project start. Runway-based launch and landing are required to achieve the launch productivity as well as the cost reductions to enable such a large deployment on schedule. Advancements in the certainty of millimeter wave conversion technology and runway-based space access, are seen to be the outstanding issues in proceeding to full-scale Space Solar Power.

Komerath, Narayanan; Dessanti, Brendan; Shah, Shaan

52

Experimental development of power reactor advanced controllers  

SciTech Connect

A systematic approach for developing and verifying advanced controllers with potential application to commercial nuclear power plants is suggested. The central idea is to experimentally demonstrate an advanced control concept first on an ultra safe research reactor followed by demonstration on a passively safe experimental power reactor and then finally adopt the technique for improving safety, performance, reliability and operability at commercial facilities. Prior to completing an experimental sequence, the benefits and utility of candidate advanced controllers should be established through theoretical development and simulation testing. The applicability of a robust optimal observer-based state feedback controller design process for improving reactor temperature response for a TRIGA research reactor, Liquid Metal-cooled Reactor (LMR), and a commercial Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) is presented to illustrate the potential of the proposed experimental development concept.

Edwards, R.M. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering); Weng, C.K. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering); Lindsay, R.W. (Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States))

1992-01-01

53

Experimental development of power reactor advanced controllers  

SciTech Connect

A systematic approach for developing and verifying advanced controllers with potential application to commercial nuclear power plants is suggested. The central idea is to experimentally demonstrate an advanced control concept first on an ultra safe research reactor followed by demonstration on a passively safe experimental power reactor and then finally adopt the technique for improving safety, performance, reliability and operability at commercial facilities. Prior to completing an experimental sequence, the benefits and utility of candidate advanced controllers should be established through theoretical development and simulation testing. The applicability of a robust optimal observer-based state feedback controller design process for improving reactor temperature response for a TRIGA research reactor, Liquid Metal-cooled Reactor (LMR), and a commercial Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) is presented to illustrate the potential of the proposed experimental development concept.

Edwards, R.M. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Weng, C.K. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Lindsay, R.W. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1992-06-01

54

Advanced Power Regulator Developed for Spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The majority of new satellites generate electrical power using photovoltaic solar arrays and store energy in batteries for use during eclipse periods. Careful regulation of battery charging during insolation can greatly increase the expected lifetime of the satellite. The battery charge regulator is usually custom designed for each satellite and its specific mission. Economic competition in the small satellite market requires battery charge regulators that are lightweight, efficient, inexpensive, and modular enough to be used in a wide variety of satellites. A new battery charge regulator topology has been developed at the NASA Lewis Research Center to address these needs. The new regulator topology uses industry-standard dc-dc converters and a unique interconnection to provide size, weight, efficiency, fault tolerance, and modularity benefits over existing systems. A transformer-isolated buck converter is connected such that the high input line is connected in series with the output. This "bypass connection" biases the converter's output onto the solar array voltage. Because of this biasing, the converter only processes the fraction of power necessary to charge the battery above the solar array voltage. Likewise, the same converter hookup can be used to regulate the battery output to the spacecraft power bus with similar fractional power processing. The advantages of this scheme are: 1) Because only a fraction of the power is processed through the dc-dc converter, the single- stage conversion efficiency is 94 to 98 percent; 2) Costly, high-efficiency dc-dc converters are not necessary for high end-to-end system efficiency; 3) The system is highly fault tolerant because the bypass connection will still deliver power if the dc-dc converter fails; and 4) The converters can easily be connected in parallel, allowing higher power systems to be built from a common building block. This new technology will be spaceflight tested in the Photovoltaic Regulator Kit Experiment (PRKE) on TRW's Small Spacecraft Technology Initiative (SSTI) satellite scheduled for launch in 1996. This experiment uses commercial dc-dc converters (28 to 15 Vdc) and additional control circuitry to regulate current to a battery load. The 60-W, 87- percent efficiency converters can control 180 W of power at an efficiency of 94 percent in the new configuration. The power density of the Photovoltaic Regulator Kit Experiment is about 200 W/kg.

2005-01-01

55

Advanced Power Regulator Developed for Spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The majority of new satellites generate electrical power using photovoltaic solar arrays and store energy in batteries for use during eclipse periods. Careful regulation of battery charging during insolation can greatly increase the expected lifetime of the satellite. The battery charge regulator is usually custom designed for each satellite and its specific mission. Economic competition in the small satellite market requires battery charge regulators that are lightweight, efficient, inexpensive, and modular enough to be used in a wide variety of satellites. A new battery charge regulator topology has been developed at the NASA Lewis Research Center to address these needs. The new regulator topology uses industry-standard dc-dc converters and a unique interconnection to provide size, weight, efficiency, fault tolerance, and modularity benefits over existing systems. A transformer-isolated buck converter is connected such that the high input line is connected in series with the output. This "bypass connection" biases the converter's output onto the solar array voltage. Because of this biasing, the converter only processes the fraction of power necessary to charge the battery above the solar array voltage. Likewise, the same converter hookup can be used to regulate the battery output to the spacecraft power bus with similar fractional power processing.

1996-01-01

56

High frequency, high power capacitor development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A program to develop a special high energy density, high power transfer capacitor to operate at frequency of 40 kHz, 600 V rms at 125 A rms plus 600 V dc bias for space operation. The program included material evaluation and selection, a capacitor design was prepared, a thermal analysis performed on the design. Fifty capacitors were manufactured for testing at 10 kHz and 40 kHz for 50 hours at Industrial Electric Heating Co. of Columbus, Ohio. The vacuum endurance test used on environmental chamber and temperature plate furnished by Maxwell. The capacitors were energized with a special power conditioning apparatus developed by Industrial Electric Heating Co. Temperature conditions of the capacitors were monitored by IEHCo test equipment. Successful completion of the vacuum endurance test series confirmed achievement of the main goal of producing a capacitor or reliable operation at high frequency in an environment normally not hospitable to electrical and electronic components. The capacitor developed compared to a typical commercial capacitor at the 40 kHz level represents a decrease in size and weight by a factor of seven.

White, C. W.; Hoffman, P. S.

1983-03-01

57

High frequency, high power capacitor development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A program to develop a special high energy density, high power transfer capacitor to operate at frequency of 40 kHz, 600 V rms at 125 A rms plus 600 V dc bias for space operation. The program included material evaluation and selection, a capacitor design was prepared, a thermal analysis performed on the design. Fifty capacitors were manufactured for testing at 10 kHz and 40 kHz for 50 hours at Industrial Electric Heating Co. of Columbus, Ohio. The vacuum endurance test used on environmental chamber and temperature plate furnished by Maxwell. The capacitors were energized with a special power conditioning apparatus developed by Industrial Electric Heating Co. Temperature conditions of the capacitors were monitored by IEHCo test equipment. Successful completion of the vacuum endurance test series confirmed achievement of the main goal of producing a capacitor or reliable operation at high frequency in an environment normally not hospitable to electrical and electronic components. The capacitor developed compared to a typical commercial capacitor at the 40 kHz level represents a decrease in size and weight by a factor of seven.

White, C. W.; Hoffman, P. S.

1983-01-01

58

Ultrafast Power Processor for Smart Grid Power Module Development  

SciTech Connect

This project’s goal was to increase the switching speed and decrease the losses of the power semiconductor devices and power switch modules necessary to enable Smart Grid energy flow and control equipment such as the Ultra-Fast Power Processor. The primary focus of this project involves exploiting the new silicon-based Super-GTO (SGTO) technology and build on prototype modules already being developed. The prototype super gate-turn-off thyristor (SGTO) has been tested fully under continuously conducting and double-pulse hard-switching conditions for conduction and switching characteristics evaluation. The conduction voltage drop measurement results indicate that SGTO has excellent conduction characteristics despite inconsistency among some prototype devices. Tests were conducted with two conditions: (1) fixed gate voltage and varying anode current condition, and (2) fixed anode current and varying gate voltage condition. The conduction voltage drop is relatively a constant under different gate voltage condition. In terms of voltage drop as a function of the load current, there is a fixed voltage drop about 0.5V under zero current condition, and then the voltage drop is linearly increased with the current. For a 5-kV voltage blocking device that may operate under 2.5-kV condition, the projected voltage drop is less than 2.5 V under 50-A condition, or 0.1%. If the device is adopted in a converter operating under soft-switching condition, then the converter can achieve an ultrahigh efficiency, typically above 99%. The two-pulse switching test results indicate that SGTO switching speed is very fast. The switching loss is relatively low as compared to that of the insulated-gate-bipolar-transistors (IGBTs). A special phenomenon needs to be noted is such a fast switching speed for the high-voltage switching tends to create an unexpected C?dv/dt current, which reduces the turn-on loss because the dv/dt is negative and increases the turn-off loss because the dv/dt is positive. As a result, the turn-on loss at low current is quite low, and the turn-off loss at low current is relatively high. The phenomenon was verified with junction capacitance measurement along with the dv/dt calculation. Under 2-kV test condition, the turn-on and turn-off losses at 25-A is about 3 and 9 mJ, respectively. As compared to a 4.5-kV, 60-A rated IGBT, which has turn-on and turn-off losses about 25 and 20 mJ under similar test condition, the SGTO shows significant switching loss reduction. The switching loss depends on the switching frequency, but under hard-switching condition, the SGTO is favored to the IGBT device. The only concern is during low current turn-on condition, there is a voltage bump that can translate to significant power loss and associated heat. The reason for such a current bump is not known from this study. It is necessary that the device manufacturer perform though test and provide the answer so the user can properly apply SGTO in pulse-width-modulated (PWM) converter and inverter applications.

MAITRA, ARINDAM [EPRI] [EPRI; LITWIN, RAY [EPRI] [EPRI; lai, Jason [Enertronics] [Enertronics; Syracuse, David [Silicon Power] [Silicon Power

2012-12-30

59

An accelerated fusion power development plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy for electricity and transportation is a national issue with worldwide environmental and political implications. The world must have energy options for the next century that are not vulnerable to possible disruption for technical, environmental, public confidence, or other reasons. Growing concerns about the greenhouse effect and the safety of transporting oil may lead to reduced burning of coal and other fossil fuels, and the incidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl, as well as nuclear waste storage problems, have eroded public acceptance of nuclear fission. Meeting future world energy needs will require improvements in energy efficiency and conservation. However, the world will soon need new central station power plants and increasing amounts of fuel for the transportation sector. The use of fossil fuels, and possibly even fission power, will very likely be restricted because of environmental, safety, and, eventually, supply considerations. Time is running out for policymakers. New energy technologies cannot be brought to the marketplace overnight. Decades are required to bring a new energy production technology from conception to full market penetration. With the added urgency to mitigate deleterious environmental effects of energy use, policymakers must act decisively now to establish and support vigorous energy technology development programs. The U.S. has invested 8 billion over the past 40 years in fusion research and development. If the U.S. fusion program proceeds according to its present strategy, an additional 40 years, and more money, will be expended before fusion will provide commercial electricity. Such an extended schedule is neither cost-effective nor technically necessary. It is time to launch a national venture to construct and operate a fusion power pilot plant. Such a plant could be operational within 15 years of a national commitment to proceed.

Dean, Stephen O.; Baker, Charles C.; Cohn, Daniel R.; Kinkead, Susan D.

1991-06-01

60

FORMOSAT-5 satellite Power Distribution circuitry development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Power Control and Distribution Unit (PCDU) in FORMOSAT-5 mission acts as the satellite power control and distribution center, is similar to a human heart. One of the modules in the PCDU, named the Power Distribution (PD), the main function provides the rated voltage and current of each power outlet for die satellite unit. When overload or short-circuit happens and

Che Cheng Huang; Chien Kai Tseng; Jia Jing Yeh

2012-01-01

61

Power Systems Development Facility. Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the PSDF would be to provide a modular facility which would support the development of advanced, pilot-scale, coal-based power systems and hot gas clean-up components. These pilot-scale components would be designed to be large enough so that the results can be related and projected to commercial systems. The facility would use a modular approach to enhance the flexibility and capability for testing; consequently, overall capital and operating costs when compared with stand-alone facilities would be reduced by sharing resources common to different modules. The facility would identify and resolve technical barrier, as well as-provide a structure for long-term testing and performance assessment. It is also intended that the facility would evaluate the operational and performance characteristics of the advanced power systems with both bituminous and subbituminous coals. Five technology-based experimental modules are proposed for the PSDF: (1) an advanced gasifier module, (2) a fuel cell test module, (3) a PFBC module, (4) a combustion gas turbine module, and (5) a module comprised of five hot gas cleanup particulate control devices. The final module, the PCD, would capture coal-derived ash and particles from both the PFBC and advanced gasifier gas streams to provide for overall particulate emission control, as well as to protect the combustion turbine and the fuel cell.

Not Available

1993-06-01

62

FEED-IN TARIFFS AND OFFSHORE WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

FEED-IN TARIFFS AND OFFSHORE WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT Prepared by Jon Lilley, Blaise Sheridan, Dawn........................................................................................................................ 28 #12; 3 Feed-in Tariffs and Offshore Wind Power Development Prepared Pursuant to DOE Grant Em

Firestone, Jeremy

63

Concept development for a space solar power station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper introduces a concept for the development of a space solar power station, starting from the manufacture of a photoemissive panel to the creation of a prototype of an industrial power plant. Balloon systems play a special role both in the testing of the power plant and in the operation of prototypes of solar power stations.

Sysoev, V. K.; Pichkhadze, K. M.; Feldman, L. I.; Arapov, E. A.; Luzyanin, A. S.

2012-12-01

64

Social and Ethical Considerations of Nuclear Power Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new urgency is emerging around nuclear power development and this urgency is accentuated by the post-tsunami events at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan. This urgency extends beyond these dramatic events in Japan, however, to many other regions of the world and situations where nuclear power development is receiving renewed attention as an alternative to carbon-based energy

John R. Parkins; Randolph Haluza-DeLay

2011-01-01

65

Development of Asset Management Decision Support Tools for Power Equipment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Development of asset management decision support tools become very intensive in order to reduce maintenance cost of power equipment due to the liberalization of power business. This article reviews some aspects of present status of asset management decision support tools development for power equipment based on the papers published in international conferences, domestic conventions, and several journals.

Okamoto, Tatsuki; Takahashi, Tsuguhiro

66

Technological assessment for developing new wind power generation systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the technological assessment employed in the development of new wind power generation systems, which facilitate stable, controllable energy supply systems in a diversified and competitive energy market. The concept of a new wind power generation system is presented and possible solutions to technical problems for the development of new wind power systems are discussed.

Guohong Wu; T. Minakawa; M. Goto; Y. Tada

2005-01-01

67

DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY POWER FROM SUSTAINABLE SMALL HYDRO POWER SYSTEMS ? ACAPACITY BUILDING PROJECT IN BANGANG, CAMEROON  

EPA Science Inventory

Electric power is one of the basic needs for the development of any community. With electric power lacking in most rural communities in Africa, providing basic amenities that are dependent on power such as clean portable drinking water, powering equipment in health and dent...

68

ZERO EMISSION POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect

Clean Energy Systems (CES) was previously funded by DOE's ''Vision 21'' program. This program provided a proof-of-concept demonstration that CES' novel gas generator (combustor) enabled production of electrical power from fossil fuels without pollution. CES has used current DOE funding for additional design study exercises which established the utility of the CES-cycle for retrofitting existing power plants for zero-emission operations and for incorporation in zero-emission, ''green field'' power plant concepts. DOE funding also helped define the suitability of existing steam turbine designs for use in the CES-cycle and explored the use of aero-derivative turbines for advanced power plant designs. This work is of interest to the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum & Energy. California's air quality districts have significant non-attainment areas in which CES technology can help. CEC is currently funding a CES-cycle technology demonstration near Bakersfield, CA. The Norwegian government is supporting conceptual studies for a proposed 40 MW zero-emission power plant in Stavager, Norway which would use the CES-cycle. The latter project is called Zero-Emission Norwegian Gas (ZENG). In summary, current engineering studies: (1) supported engineering design of plant subsystems applicable for use with CES-cycle zero-emission power plants, and (2) documented the suitability and availability of steam turbines for use in CES-cycle power plants, with particular relevance to the Norwegian ZENG Project.

Ronald Bischoff; Stephen Doyle

2005-01-20

69

National strategies for nuclear power reactor development  

SciTech Connect

The document assesses the potential for design innovation in three areas of nuclear power plant technology: light-water reactor systems; liquid-metal reactor systems; and high-temperature-gas reactor systems. The question of how capital costs scale with unit size in nuclear power reactor systems is addressed. Small modular high temperature gas reactor designs are reviewed, and an electric-power-system capacity-planning model that allows estimates to be made of the economic implications of construction lead time and power rating variations for utility ratepayers and shareholders is presented. The effects of industrial reorganization and structure on the economic performance of the nuclear power industry in the U.S. is explored, and options available to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for establishing the general philosphy, technical criteria, and organizational approach to the regulation of a new generation of nuclear power plants are discussed. Light-water-reactor systems are determined to be the only plausible technical option if nuclear power is to figure in the capacity expansion plans of U.S. electric utilities in the near term.

Lester, R.K.; Driscoll, M.J.; Golay, M.W.; Lanning, D.D.; Lidsky, L.M.

1985-03-01

70

Development of Power-head based Fan Airflow Station  

E-print Network

Development of Power-head Based Fan Airflow Station Gang Wang Research associate University of Nebraska, Lincoln Mingsheng Liu Professor University of Nebraska, Lincoln Abstract Fan airflow measurement is critical for heating... under partial loads. On the other hand, in most of airflow range, the power curve varies exquisitely. Wang and Liu developed the VFD airflow station to obtain the fan airflow using the power and speed based on the power curve. Both the fan...

Wang, G.; Liu, M.

2005-01-01

71

Nanostructured Materials Development for Space Power  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There have been many recent advances in the use of nanostructured materials for space power applications. In particular, the use of high purity single wall nanotubes holds promise for a variety of generation and storage devices including: thin film lithium ion batteries, microelectronic proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells, polymeric thin film solar cells, and thermionic power supplies is presented. Semiconducting quantum dots alone and in conjunction with carbon nanotubes are also being investigated for possible use in high efficiency photovoltaic solar cells. This paper will review some of the work being done at RIT in conjunction with the NASA Glenn Research Center to utilize nanomaterials in space power devices.

Raffaelle, Ryne P.; Landi, B. J.; Elich, J. B.; Gennett, T.; Castro, S. L.; Bailey, Sheila G.; Hepp, Aloysius F.

2003-01-01

72

Human exploration of space and power development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reasons for mounting the Space Exploration Initiative, the variables facing U.S. planners, and the developmental technologies that will be needed to support this initiative are discussed. The three more advanced technological approaches in the field of power generation described include a lunar-based solar power system, a geosynchronous-based earth orbit solar power satellite system, and the utilization of helium-3/deuterium fusion reaction to create a nuclear fuel cycle. It is noted that the major elements of the SEI will include a heavy-lift launch vehicle, a transfer vehicle and a descent/ascent vehicle for use on lunar missions and adaptable to Mars exploration.

Cohen, Aaron

1991-01-01

73

Development of artificial-intelligent power quality diagnosis equipment for single-phase power system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A DSP process-based equipment to diagnose the power quality of a single-phase power system is developed. The artificial-intelligent equipment diagnoses the transient, the voltage sag, the voltage swell and the THD among the power quality index of a power system. The 256 data sampled in a period of the single-phase voltage of the power system are used for the real-time

Sun-Geun Kwack; Gyo-Bum Chung; Jaeho Choi; Ginkyu Choi

2008-01-01

74

Technology development for high power induction accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The marriage of Induction Linac technology with Nonlinear Magnetic Modulators has produced some unique capabilities. It appears possible to produce electron beams with average currents measured in amperes, at gradients exceeding 1 MeV/meter, and with power efficiencies approaching 50%. A 2 MeV, 5 kA electron accelerator has been constructed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to demonstrate these concepts and to provide a test facility for high brightness sources. The pulse drive for the accelerator is based on state-of-the-art magnetic pulse compressors with very high peak power capability, repetition rates exceeding a kilohertz and excellent reliability.

Birx, D.L.; Reginato, L.L.

1985-06-11

75

Solar power tower development: Recent experiences  

SciTech Connect

Recent experiences with the 10 MW{sub e} Solar Two and the 2.5 MW{sub t} TSA (Technology Program Solar Air Receiver) demonstration plants are reported. The heat transfer fluids used in these solar power towers are molten-nitrate salt and atmospheric air, respectively. Lessons learned and suggested technology improvements for next-generation plants are categorized according to subsystem. The next steps to be taken in the commercialization process for each these new power plant technologies is also presented.

Tyner, C.; Kolb, G.; Prairie, M. [and others

1996-12-01

76

Development of the NEXT Power Processing Unit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Boeing Electron Dynamic Devices, Inc. (EDD) has designed and fabricated a breadboard version of a 6 kW power processing unit (PPU) for gridded ion thrusters. This breadboard PPU will be integrated with an engineering model 40 cm ion engine designed and tested at NASA Glenn. The results of our tests using resistive loads are reported in this paper. The PPU demonstrated efficiencies to date are higher than 95 percent for the beam supply and higher than 92 percent for the discharge supply at full power. Overall PPU efficiency is greater than 94 percent at full throttle settings.

Phelps, Thomas K.; Wiseman, Steve; Komm, David S.; Bond, Thomas; Pinero, Luis R.

2005-01-01

77

Development and Demonstration of a 25 Watt Thermophotovoltaic Power Source for a Hybrid Power System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a propane-fueled, 25 W thermophotovoltaic (TPV) power source for use in a hybrid power system is described. The TPV power source uses a platinum emitting surface with an anti-reflective coating to radiate to gallium antimonide photocells, which converts the radiation to electric power. The development program started with the design and fabrication of an engineering prototype system. This was used as a component development vehicle to develop the technologies for the various components. A 25 W demonstration prototype was then designed and fabricated using the most advanced component approaches. The designs and test results from this development program are discussed.

Doyle, Edward; Shukla, Kailash; Metcalfe, Christopher

2001-01-01

78

Power Planning and Fish and Wildlife Program Development  

E-print Network

Power Planning and Fish and Wildlife Program Development RELATIONSHIP OF THE POWER PLAN TO THE FISH AND WILDLIFE PROGRAM: SUFFICIENT RESOURCES TO MEET ELECTRICITY DEMANDS AND THE REQUIREMENTS FOR FISH and to accommodate system operations to benefit fish and wildlife. The central purpose of this chapter of the power

79

NREL Develops Sub-Hour Solar Power Data Set  

E-print Network

NREL Develops Sub-Hour Solar Power Data Set NREL data will help utilities incorporate solar energy into their electric power systems. Large-scale deployment of solar energy requires a favorable environment for interconnecting and operating solar power plants. But realizing high volumes and economies of scale

80

A Technology Overview of the PowerChip Development Program  

E-print Network

The PowerChip research program is developing technologies to radically improve the size, integration, and performance of power electronics operating at up to grid-scale voltages (e.g., up to 200V) and low-to-moderate power ...

Araghchini, Mohammad

81

Geothermal power development: 1984 overview and update  

Microsoft Academic Search

The status of geothermal power plants as of mid-1984 is given. There are 15 countries with active plants, and France (Guadeloupe) is expected to join the roster in the near future. The total number of operating units (defined as individual turbo-generator sets) is 145; the total installed capacity is somewhat less than 3770 MW. If plans for additional plants are

DiPippo

1984-01-01

82

Development of microcomputer compatible power switches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A product family comprising three groups of devices called SIPMOS (Siemens Power MOS) is presented. It includes a PMOS transistor with source drain voltages from 50 to 1000 V, a FET-controlled PMOS-thyristor, and a light controlled MOS-fired triac (600 V, trigger current 1mA).

Strack, H.

1983-12-01

83

Development of the satellite solar power station  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic and social acceptability and feasibility of a satellite solar power station (SSPS) beaming intercepted solar energy at microwave frequencies to receiving stations on the earth (ERS) are evaluated. With 24-hr constant energy input, there are no energy storage problems in space; solar energy available in synchronous orbit is 6-15 times that available optimally at the earth's surface; technological

P. E. Glaser

1977-01-01

84

The Clean Development Mechanism and Power Sector Reforms in Developing  

E-print Network

, agriculture (reduction of CH4 and N2O) industrial processes, and sink projects (afforestation of restructuring and privatisation · The drivers for power sector reform have varied from region to region: - Latin

85

Human exploration of space and power development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The possible role of Solar Power Satellites (SPS) in advancing the goals of the Space Exploration Initiative is considered. Three approaches are examined: (1) the use of lunar raw materials to construct a large SPS in GEO, (2) the construction of a similar system on the lunar surface, and (3) a combination of (1) and (2). Emphasis is given to the mining of He-3 from the moon and its use by the SPS.

Cohen, Aaron

1991-01-01

86

Advanced Power Plant Development and Analysis Methodologies  

SciTech Connect

Under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory, a multi-disciplinary team led by the Advanced Power and Energy Program of the University of California at Irvine is defining the system engineering issues associated with the integration of key components and subsystems into advanced power plant systems with goals of achieving high efficiency and minimized environmental impact while using fossil fuels. These power plant concepts include 'Zero Emission' power plants and the 'FutureGen' H2 co-production facilities. The study is broken down into three phases. Phase 1 of this study consisted of utilizing advanced technologies that are expected to be available in the 'Vision 21' time frame such as mega scale fuel cell based hybrids. Phase 2 includes current state-of-the-art technologies and those expected to be deployed in the nearer term such as advanced gas turbines and high temperature membranes for separating gas species and advanced gasifier concepts. Phase 3 includes identification of gas turbine based cycles and engine configurations suitable to coal-based gasification applications and the conceptualization of the balance of plant technology, heat integration, and the bottoming cycle for analysis in a future study. Also included in Phase 3 is the task of acquiring/providing turbo-machinery in order to gather turbo-charger performance data that may be used to verify simulation models as well as establishing system design constraints. The results of these various investigations will serve as a guide for the U. S. Department of Energy in identifying the research areas and technologies that warrant further support.

A.D. Rao; G.S. Samuelsen; F.L. Robson; B. Washom; S.G. Berenyi

2006-06-30

87

Advanced Power Plant Development and Analyses Methodologies  

SciTech Connect

Under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory, a multi-disciplinary team led by the Advanced Power and Energy Program of the University of California at Irvine is defining the system engineering issues associated with the integration of key components and subsystems into advanced power plant systems with goals of achieving high efficiency and minimized environmental impact while using fossil fuels. These power plant concepts include ''Zero Emission'' power plants and the ''FutureGen'' H{sub 2} co-production facilities. The study is broken down into three phases. Phase 1 of this study consisted of utilizing advanced technologies that are expected to be available in the ''Vision 21'' time frame such as mega scale fuel cell based hybrids. Phase 2 includes current state-of-the-art technologies and those expected to be deployed in the nearer term such as advanced gas turbines and high temperature membranes for separating gas species and advanced gasifier concepts. Phase 3 includes identification of gas turbine based cycles and engine configurations suitable to coal-based gasification applications and the conceptualization of the balance of plant technology, heat integration, and the bottoming cycle for analysis in a future study. Also included in Phase 3 is the task of acquiring/providing turbo-machinery in order to gather turbo-charger performance data that may be used to verify simulation models as well as establishing system design constraints. The results of these various investigations will serve as a guide for the U. S. Department of Energy in identifying the research areas and technologies that warrant further support.

G.S. Samuelsen; A.D. Rao

2006-02-06

88

A Practical Approach to Starting Fission Surface Power Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Prometheus Power and Propulsion Program has been reformulated to address NASA needs relative to lunar and Mars exploration. Emphasis has switched from the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO) flight system development to more generalized technology development addressing Fission Surface Power (FSP) and Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP). Current NASA budget priorities and the deferred mission need date for nuclear systems

2006-01-01

89

Development of ceramic superconductors for electric power applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Department of Energy supports an applied superconductivity program entitled {open_quotes}Superconductivity Program for Electric Power Systems.{close_quotes} Activities under this program are designed to help develop the high-temperature superconductor (HTS) technology that is needed for industry to proceed with the commercial development of electric power applications. Research is conducted in three categories: wire development, systems technology development, and Superconductivity Partnership

1997-01-01

90

Geothermal power development: 1984 overview and update  

SciTech Connect

The status of geothermal power plants as of mid-1984 is given. There are 15 countries with active plants, and France (Guadeloupe) is expected to join the roster in the near future. The total number of operating units (defined as individual turbo-generator sets) is 145; the total installed capacity is somewhat less than 3770 MW. If plans for additional plants are met, the total could jump by more than 200 MW over the next two years. Recent growth is presented and the worldwide installed capacity is traced. A graphic portrayal of the growth pattern is presented. The countries that will be most responsible for sustaining this growth are the US, the Philippines, Mexico, and Indonesia. Other countries that will contribute significantly include Italy, Japan, Kenya, Nicaragua, and Turkey. The following countries do not now have any geothermal plants but may bring some online by 1990: Guatemala, Costa Rica, Greece, St. Lucia, Thailand, and Ethiopia.

DiPippo, R.

1984-10-01

91

NASA's Advanced Radioisotope Power Conversion Technology Development Status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Advanced Radioisotope Power Systems (ARPS) project is developing the next generation of radioisotope power conversion technologies that will enable future missions that have requirements that cannot be met by either photovoltaic systems or by current radioisotope power systems (RPSs). Requirements of advanced RPSs include high efficiency and high specific power (watts/kilogram) in order to meet future mission requirements with less radioisotope fuel and lower mass so that these systems can meet requirements for a variety of future space applications, including continual operation surface missions, outer-planetary missions, and solar probe. These advances would enable a factor of 2 to 4 decrease in the amount of fuel required to generate electrical power. Advanced RPS development goals also include long-life, reliability, and scalability. This paper provides an update on the contractual efforts under the Radioisotope Power Conversion Technology (RPCT) NASA Research Announcement (NRA) for research and development of Stirling, thermoelectric, and thermophotovoltaic power conversion technologies. The paper summarizes the current RPCT NRA efforts with a brief description of the effort, a status and/or summary of the contractor's key accomplishments, a discussion of upcoming plans, and a discussion of relevant system-level benefits and implications. The paper also provides a general discussion of the benefits from the development of these advanced power conversion technologies and the eventual payoffs to future missions (discussing system benefits due to overall improvements in efficiency, specific power, etc.).

Anderson, David J.; Sankovic, John; Wilt, David; Abelson, Robert D.; Fleurial, Jean-Pierre

2007-01-01

92

Radioisotope-based Nuclear Power Strategy for Exploration Systems Development  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear power will play an important role in future exploration efforts. Its benefits pertain to practically all the different timeframes associated with the Exploration Vision, from robotic investigation of potential lunar landing sites to long-duration crewed missions on the lunar surface. However, the implementation of nuclear technology must follow a logical progression in capability that meets but does not overwhelm the power requirements for the missions in each exploration timeframe. It is likely that the surface power infrastructure, particularly for early missions, will be distributed in nature. Thus, nuclear sources will have to operate in concert with other types of power and energy storage systems, and must mesh well with the power architectures envisioned for each mission phase. Most importantly, they must demonstrate a clear advantage over other non-nuclear options (e.g., solar power, fuel cells) for their particular function. This paper describes a strategy that does this in the form of three sequential system developments. It begins with use of radioisotope generators currently under development, and applies the power conversion technology developed for these units to the design of a simple, robust reactor power system. The products from these development efforts would eventually serve as the foundation for application of nuclear power systems for exploration of Mars and beyond.

Schmidt, George R.; Houts, Michael G. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)

2006-01-20

93

Practical superconductor development for electrical power applications  

SciTech Connect

Development of useful high-critical-temperature (high-[Tc]) superconductors requires synthesis of superconducting compounds; fabrication of wires, tapes, and films from these compounds; production of composite structures that incorporate stabilizers or insulators; and design and testing of efficient components. This report describes the technical progress of research and development efforts aimed at producing superconducting components that are based on the Y-Ba-Cu, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu, Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu, and (TI,Pb)-(Ba,Sr)-Ca-Cu oxide systems. Topics discussed are synthesis and heat treatment of high-[Tc] superconductors, formation of monolithic and composite wires and tapes, superconductor/metal connectors, characterization of structures and superconducting and mechanical properties, fabrication and properties of thin films, and development of prototype components. Collaborations with industry and academia are documented.

Goretta, K.C. (comp.)

1992-10-01

94

Planning of hydroelectric development and power grids  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the final report of a seminar held in Peru to review approaches to planning hydroelectric projects. Three areas are covered: (1) the three steps of inventory, pre-feasibility and feasibility studies are treated as a coherent system, with consideration of topography, geology, engineering studies and cost-benefit and evaluation methodologies; (2) optimization of hydroelectric development using most successful methodologies based

L. Ribeiro; J. Aguilera; G. Moamar; W. Camargo

1979-01-01

95

Fusion power development—The next decade  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses the present status and future directions of fusion development. The author suggests looking at nuclear technologies for fusion, where they stand, and what will be needed in the move to new facilities which start generating not just physics but fusion energy engineering. The author also suggests examining the present state of commercial reactor designs, and recognizing that

Stephen O. Dean

1985-01-01

96

Development of management technology for large power systems. [of spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Autonomous power management has been proposed as a method to perform optimization of power subsystem performance in connection with the management of multikilowatt space platforms. A concept for a 250-kW utility-type power subsystem was developed. A Cassegrain concentrator solar array primary source is conditioned by a solar array switching unit which supplies seventeen 220 +20 Vdc power channels. A power management subsystem provides the monitoring and control of the overall electrical power subsystem. The discussed system concept for autonomous management of high power space platforms utilizes on-board microprocessors in a decentralized data management architecture. A data bus protocol and a data bus contention resolution scheme were selected in conjunction with the dencentralized management architecture.

Decker, D. K.; Messner, A.; Graves, J.

1982-01-01

97

Technology development issues in space nuclear power for planetary exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Planning for future planetary exploration missions indicates that there are continuing, long range requirements for nuclear power, and in particular radioisotope-based power sources. In meeting these requirements, there is a need for higher efficiency, lower mass systems. Four technology areas currently under development that address these goals are described: modular RTG, modular RTG with advanced thermoelectric materials, dynamic isotope power system (DIPS), and the Alkali Metal Thermoelectric Converter (AMTEC).

Bankston, C. P.; Atkins, K. L.; Mastal, E. F.; Mcconnell, D. G.

1990-01-01

98

Practical superconductor development for electrical power applications  

SciTech Connect

Development of useful high-critical-temperature (high-{Tc}) superconductors requires synthesis of superconducting compounds; fabrication of wires, tapes, and films from these compounds; production of composite structures that incorporate stabilizers or insulators; and design and testing of efficient components. This report describes technical progress of research and development efforts aimed at producing superconducting components based on the Y-Ba-Cu, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu, Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu, and Tl-Ba-Ca-Cu oxides systems. Topics discussed are synthesis and heat treatment of high-{Tc} superconductors, formation of monolithic and composite wires and tapes, superconductor/metal connectors, characterization of structures and superconducting and mechanical properties, and fabrication and properties of thin films. Collaborations with industry and academia are also documented. 10 figs.

Goretta, K.C. (comp.)

1991-10-01

99

Power Systems Development Facility: Design, Construction, and Commissioning Status  

SciTech Connect

This paper will provide an introduction to the Power Systems Development Facility, a Department of Energy sponsored, engineering scale demonstration of two advanced coal-fired power technologies; and discuss current status of design, construction and commissioning of this facility. 28 viewgraphs, including 2 figs.

Powell, C.A.; Vimalchand; Hendrix, H.L.; Honeycut, P.M.

1996-12-31

100

The Solar Power Satellite - An opportunity for Third World development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of Solar Power Satellite (SPS) systems in conjunction with other renewable energy configurations such as flat plate collectors, windmills, hydroelectric power stations, OTEC, and photovoltaic cells to alleviate the shortages and costs of energy sources in developing nations is recommended. Education of people in the Third World to potential benefits of space resources exploitation is a way to

R. Mayur; P. E. Glaser

1981-01-01

101

Development of decommissioning technology for nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 30 years have already passed since the first commercial nuclear power plant in Japan was put in operation. Presently, about 50 commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs) are operating and in the future NPP will be ceased the operation and the plant will be decommissioned. NUPEC has been developing the decommissioning technology undertaking the safe, secure, and rational decommissioning

Nagano Ogawa; Sadanori Saishu; Takeshi Ishikura

2000-01-01

102

Hydro-power development in remote locations of developing countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many developing countries hydropower can be used to replace the consumption of imported oil. The economic advantage of using hydropower increases if a low cost, locally manufactured turbine, called the cross flow turbine, can be used. This paper discusses the technical design and use of the cross flow turbine in the context of a hydroelectric development project in Africa.

Smith, Granville J.

1985-11-01

103

Princeton Development Office Irrevocable Stock or Bond Power  

E-print Network

Princeton Development Office Irrevocable Stock or Bond Power FOR VALUE RECEIVED, the undersigned to _______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________(Social Security or Taxpayer Identifying No.) IF STOCK, COMPLETE THIS PORTION ________shares of the ___________stock of _________________________ represented by Certificate(s) No

104

Technological implications of SNAP reactor power system development on future space nuclear power systems  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear reactor systems are one method of satisfying space mission power needs. The development of such systems must proceed on a path consistent with mission needs and schedules. This path, or technology roadmap, starts from the power system technology data base available today. Much of this data base was established during the 1960s and early 1970s, when government and industry developed space nuclear reactor systems for steady-state power and propulsion. One of the largest development programs was the Systems for Nuclear Auxiliary Power (SNAP) Program. By the early 1970s, a technology base had evolved from this program at the system, subsystem, and component levels. There are many implications of this technology base on future reactor power systems. A review of this base highlights the need for performing a power system technology and mission overview study. Such a study is currently being performed by Rockwell's Energy Systems Group for the Department of Energy and will assess power system capabilities versus mission needs, considering development, schedule, and cost implications. The end product of the study will be a technology roadmap to guide reactor power system development.

Anderson, R.V.

1982-11-16

105

Development and Utilization of Space Fission Power Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space fission power systems could enable advanced civilian space missions. Terrestrially, thousands of fission systems have been operated since 1942. In addition, the US flew a space fission system in 1965, and the former Soviet Union flew 33 such systems prior to the end of the Cold War. Modern design and development practices, coupled with 65 years of experience with terrestrial reactors, could enable the affordable development of space fission power systems for near-term planetary surface applications.

Houts, Michael; Mason, Lee S.; Palac, Donald T.; Harlow, Scott E.

2008-01-01

106

Development and Utilization of Space Fission Power Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space fission power systems could enable advanced civilian space missions. Terrestrially, thousands of fission systems have been operated since 1942. In addition, the US flew a space fission system in 1965, and the former Soviet Union flew 33 such systems prior to the end of the Cold War. Modern design and development practices, coupled with 65 years of experience with terrestrial reactors, could enable the affordable development of space fission power systems for near-term planetary surface applications.

Houts, Michael G.; Mason, Lee S.; Palac, Donald T.; Harlow, Scott E.

2009-01-01

107

Practical superconductor development for electrical power applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Development of useful high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs) requires synthesis of the various superconducting oxide compounds; fabrication of wires, tapes, and thin films from these compounds; capability of forming composite structures that incorporate integral insulators or stabilizers; and design of efficient components and systems. This report documents research efforts aimed at producing superconducting components based on the oxide systems Y-Ba-Cu-O, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O, and Tl-Ca-Ba-Cu-O. Topics discussed are synthesis of compounds from each system; fabrication of monolithic tapes, wires, and castings; effects of silver additions on mechanical and electrical properties; fabrication of composite tapes that incorporate silver or ceramic substrates; use of pressure or electrochemical bonding to connect the superconductors to high-conductivity metals; fabrication of thin films for electronic devices; optimization of heat treatment schedules; the microstructural, mechanical, and electrical properties of the forms produced; and studies on the thermomagnetic stabilities of HTSCs and the implications for system design. Collaborations in this research between Argonne National Laboratory, universities, industrial partners, and other national laboratories are identified and results from the collaborations are presented. The report closes with an assessment of the status of the research efforts as of September 1988.

Poeppel, Roger B.; Balachandran, Uthamalingam; Bloom, I. D.; Dorris, Stephen E.; Dusek, J. T.; Emerson, J. E.; Goretta, K. C.; Gray, K. E.; Hull, J. R.; Kampwirth, R. T.

1989-02-01

108

On applicability of reciprocating flow turbines developed for wave power to tidal power conversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tidal power generation with reciprocating turbines in a simple system is investigated on a performance simulation in order to enlarge the capability of practical use of tidal power with extra-low head and time-varying energy density characteristics. Four reciprocating turbines, which are two types of impulse and a Wells developed for wave power conversion systems, and a cross-flow type of Darrieus

K. Takenouchi; K. Okuma; A. Furukawa; T. Setoguchi

2006-01-01

109

Development status of the heatpipe power and bimodal systems  

SciTech Connect

Space fission power systems can potentially enhance or enable ambitious lunar and Martian surface missions. Research into space fission power systems has been ongoing (at various levels) since the 1950s, but to date the United States (US) has flown only one space fission system, SNAP-10A, in 1965. Cost and development time have been significant reasons why space fission systems have not been used by the US. High cost and long development time are not inherent to the use of space fission power. However, high cost and long development time are inherent to any program that tries to do too much at once. Nearly all US space fission power programs have attempted to field systems capable of high power, even though more modest systems had not yet been flown. All of these programs have failed to fly a space fission system. Relatively low power (10 to 100 kWe) fission systems may be useful for near-term lunar and Martian surface missions, including missions in which in situ resource utilization is a priority. Such systems may also be useful for deep-space science missions and other missions. These systems can be significantly less expensive to develop than high power systems. Experience gained in the development of low-power space fission systems can then be used to enable cost-effective development of high-power (>1000 kWe) fission systems. The Heatpipe Power System (HPS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power system. The Heatpipe Bimodal System (HBS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power and/or propulsion system. Both systems will be composed of independent modules, and all components use existing technology and operate within the existing database. The HPS and HBS have relatively few system integration issues; thus, the successful development of a module is a significant step toward verifying system feasibility and performance estimates. A prototypic HPS module was fabricated, and initial testing was completed in April 1997. All test objectives were accomplished, demonstrating the basic feasibility of the HPS. Fabrication of an HBS module is under way, and testing should begin in 1999.

Poston, David I.; Houts, Michael G. [Nuclear Systems Design and Analysis Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Emrich, William J. Jr. [NASA Marshall Spaceflight Center, PS05, Huntsville, Alabama 35738 (United States)

1999-01-22

110

Development status of the heatpipe power and bimodal systems  

SciTech Connect

Space fission power systems can potentially enhance or enable ambitious lunar and Martian surface missions. Research into space fission power systems has been ongoing (at various levels) since the 1950s, but to date the United States (US) has flown only one space fission system, SNAP-10A, in 1965. Cost and development time have been significant reasons why space fission systems have not been used by the US. High cost and long development time are not inherent to the use of space fission power. However, high cost and long development time are inherent to any program that tries to do too much at once. Nearly all US space fission power programs have attempted to field systems capable of high power, even though more modest systems had not yet been flown. All of these programs have failed to fly a space fission system. Relatively low power (10 to 100 kWe) fission systems may be useful for near-term lunar and Martian surface missions, including missions in which in situ resource utilization is a priority. Such systems may also be useful for deep-space science missions and other missions. These systems can be significantly less expensive to develop than high power systems. Experience gained in the development of low-power space fission systems can then be used to enable cost-effective development of high-power ({gt}1000 kWe) fission systems. The Heatpipe Power System (HPS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power system. The Heatpipe Bimodal System (HBS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power and/or propulsion system. Both systems will be composed of independent modules, and all components use existing technology and operate within the existing database. The HPS and HBS have relatively few system integration issues; thus, the successful development of a module is a significant step toward verifying system feasibility and performance estimates. A prototypic HPS module was fabricated, and initial testing was completed in April 1997. All test objectives were accomplished, demonstrating the basic feasibility of the HPS. Fabrication of an HBS module is under way, and testing should begin in 1999. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Poston, David I.; Houts, Michael G. [Nuclear Systems Design and Analysis Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] Emrich, William J., Jr. [NASA Marshall Spaceflight Center, PS05, Huntsville, Alabama 35738 (United States)

1999-01-01

111

Development status of the small community solar power system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development status and test results for the Small Community Solar Thermal Power Experiment are presented. Activities on the phase 2 power module development effort are presented with emphasis on the receiver, the plant control subsystem, and the energy transport subsystem. The components include a single prototype power module consisting of a parabolic dish concentrator, a power conversion assembly (PCA), and a multiple-module plant control subsystem. The PCA consists of a cavity receiver coupled to an organic Rankine cycle engine-alternator unit defined as the power conversion subsystem; the PCA is mounted at the focus of a parabolic dish concentrator. At a solar insolation of 100 W/sq m and ambient temperature of 28 C (82 F), the power module produces approximately 20 kW of 3-phase, 3 kHz ac power, depending on the concentrator employed. A ground-mounted rectifier to the central collection site where it is supplied directly to the common dc bus which collects the power from all modules in the plant.

Pons, R. L.

1982-01-01

112

Power transmission cable development for the Space Station Freedom electrical power system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Power transmission cable is presently being evaluated under a NASA Lewis Research Center advanced development contract for application in the Space Station Freedom (SSF) electrical power system (EPS). Evaluation testing has been performed by TRW and NASA Lewis Research Center. The results of this development contract are presented. The primary cable design goals are to provide (1) a low characteristic inductance to minimize line voltage drop at 20 kHz, (2) electromagnetic compatibility control of the 20-kHz ac power current, (3) a physical configuration that minimizes ac resistance and (4) release of trapped air for corona-free operation.

Schmitz, Gregory V.; Biess, John J.

1989-01-01

113

Development of a linear piston-type pulse power electric generator for powering electric guns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a linear piston-type electric pulse-power generator capable of powering electric guns and EM (rail and coil) guns and ET guns, presently under development, is discussed. The pulse-power generator consists of a cylindrical armature pushed by gases from the combustion of fuel or propellant through an externally produced magnetic field. An arrangement of electrodes and connecting straps serves to extract current from the moving armature and to send it to an external load (the electric gun).

Summerfield, Martin

1993-01-01

114

Development of high frequency low weight power magnetics for aerospace power systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A dominant design consideration in the development of space type power mangetic devices is the application of reliable thermal control methods to prevent device failure which is due to excessive temperature rises and hot temperatures in critical areas. The resultant design must also yield low weight, high efficiency, high reliability and maintainability, and long life. The weight savings and high efficiency that results by going to high frequency and unique thermal control techniques is demonstrated by the development of a 25 kVA, 20 kHz space type transformer under the power magnetics technology program. Work in the area of power rotary transformer is also discussed.

Schwarze, G. E.

1984-01-01

115

Pulsed power accelerator development at Sandia National Labs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pulsed power development at Sandia had its genesis in radiation effects testing requirements in the mid-1960s. After development and generation of x ray and ..gamma..-ray simulators, interest grew in use of megajoule relativistic electron beam accelerators for application to inertial confinement fusion ignition experiments. This fusion effort which began in 1973, evolved as target design and beam focusing research advanced;

Yonas

1980-01-01

116

Present situation and future development of wind power in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of wind energy develops much more rapidly than the other renewable resources in the 21st century. It becomes the third core energy resources following oil and chemical fuels. China is rich in wind energy resources. Although there is still a lag between China and the developed countries on the usage of wind energy, the wind power industry in

Yongjun Chen; Yong He; Yidan Bao; Jiehui Shen

2008-01-01

117

Developing maximal neuromuscular power: part 2 - training considerations for improving maximal power production.  

PubMed

This series of reviews focuses on the most important neuromuscular function in many sport performances: the ability to generate maximal muscular power. Part 1, published in an earlier issue of Sports Medicine, focused on the factors that affect maximal power production while part 2 explores the practical application of these findings by reviewing the scientific literature relevant to the development of training programmes that most effectively enhance maximal power production. The ability to generate maximal power during complex motor skills is of paramount importance to successful athletic performance across many sports. A crucial issue faced by scientists and coaches is the development of effective and efficient training programmes that improve maximal power production in dynamic, multi-joint movements. Such training is referred to as 'power training' for the purposes of this review. Although further research is required in order to gain a deeper understanding of the optimal training techniques for maximizing power in complex, sports-specific movements and the precise mechanisms underlying adaptation, several key conclusions can be drawn from this review. First, a fundamental relationship exists between strength and power, which dictates that an individual cannot possess a high level of power without first being relatively strong. Thus, enhancing and maintaining maximal strength is essential when considering the long-term development of power. Second, consideration of movement pattern, load and velocity specificity is essential when designing power training programmes. Ballistic, plyometric and weightlifting exercises can be used effectively as primary exercises within a power training programme that enhances maximal power. The loads applied to these exercises will depend on the specific requirements of each particular sport and the type of movement being trained. The use of ballistic exercises with loads ranging from 0% to 50% of one-repetition maximum (1RM) and/or weightlifting exercises performed with loads ranging from 50% to 90% of 1RM appears to be the most potent loading stimulus for improving maximal power in complex movements. Furthermore, plyometric exercises should involve stretch rates as well as stretch loads that are similar to those encountered in each specific sport and involve little to no external resistance. These loading conditions allow for superior transfer to performance because they require similar movement velocities to those typically encountered in sport. Third, it is vital to consider the individual athlete's window of adaptation (i.e. the magnitude of potential for improvement) for each neuromuscular factor contributing to maximal power production when developing an effective and efficient power training programme. A training programme that focuses on the least developed factor contributing to maximal power will prompt the greatest neuromuscular adaptations and therefore result in superior performance improvements for that individual. Finally, a key consideration for the long-term development of an athlete's maximal power production capacity is the need for an integration of numerous power training techniques. This integration allows for variation within power meso-/micro-cycles while still maintaining specificity, which is theorized to lead to the greatest long-term improvement in maximal power. PMID:21244105

Cormie, Prue; McGuigan, Michael R; Newton, Robert U

2011-02-01

118

The environment power system analysis tool development program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Environment Power System Analysis Tool (EPSAT) is being developed to provide space power system design engineers with an analysis tool for determining system performance of power systems in both naturally occurring and self-induced environments. The program is producing an easy to use computer aided engineering (CAE) tool general enough to provide a vehicle for technology transfer from space scientists and engineers to power system design engineers. The results of the project after two years of a three year development program are given. The EPSAT approach separates the CAE tool into three distinct functional units: a modern user interface to present information, a data dictionary interpreter to coordinate analysis; and a data base for storing system designs and results of analysis.

Jongeward, Gary A.; Kuharski, Robert A.; Kennedy, Eric M.; Stevens, N. John; Putnam, Rand M.; Roche, James C.; Wilcox, Katherine G.

1990-01-01

119

Development of HTS power cable using YBCO coated conductor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reductions of AC losses and of cost of HTS power cables are important to put it into practical power networks. Since an YBCO-coated-conductor (YBCO tape) has higher Jc and better magnetic property than a Bi2223-Ag-sheathed-tape, an AC power cable using YBCO tapes will obtain higher performance than XLPE-cables and HTS cables using BSCCO tapes in future. Especially, an YBCO HTS cable will be expected to become a higher economical cable than a Bi cable because an YBCO tape reduced its AC losses and its wire cost. We have started developing HTS power cables using YBCO tapes. Mechanical properties, superconducting properties and other electro magnetic properties of YBCO tapes have been measured to estimate the applicability to the HTS cable. Moreover, we have developed some technologies to bring out latent potentials of YBCO tapes.

Mukoyama, Shinichi; Yagi, Masashi; Hirano, Hironobu; Yamada, Yutaka; Izumi, Teruo; Shiohara, Yuh

2006-10-01

120

Development status of the NSTAR ion propulsion system power processor  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 0.5-2.3 kW xenon ion propulsion system is presently being developed under the NASA Solar Electric Propulsion Technology Application Readiness (NSTAR) program. This propulsion system includes a 30 cm diameter xenon ion thruster, a Digital Control Interface Unit, a xenon feed system, and a power processing unit (PPU). The PPU consists of the power supply assemblies which operate the thruster

John A. Hamley; Luis R. Pinero; Vincent K. Rawlin; John R. Miller; Kevin C. Cartier; Glen E. Bowers

1995-01-01

121

Space shuttle orbiter auxiliary power unit development challenges  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When the flying spacecraft was approved for development, a power unit for the hydraulic system had to be developed. Unlike other systems on the orbiter, there was no precedent in earlier spacecraft for a hydraulic system nor for the power unit to drive the hydraulic pumps. The only prototypes available were airplane auxiliary power units (APU), which were not required to operate in the severe environments of a spacecraft nor to have the longevity of an orbiter hydraulic power unit. The challenge was to build a hydraulic power unit which could operate in 0g or 3g, in a vacuum or at sea level pressure, and at -65 F or 225 F, which would be capable of restarting while hot, and which would be capable of sustaining the hydraulic loads for the life of the orbiter. The basic approach to providing hydraulic power for the orbiter was to use a small, high speed, monopropellant fueled turbine power unit to drive a conventional aircraft type hydraulic pump. The stringent requirements imposed on the orbiter APU quickly made this machine different from existing aircraft APUs.

Lance, R.; Weary, D.

1985-01-01

122

75 FR 76455 - Coso Energy Developers; Coso Finance Partners; Coso Power Developers; Notice Of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. EL11-4-000] Coso Energy Developers; Coso Finance Partners; Coso Power Developers; Notice Of Filing December 1, 2010. Take notice that on November 18,...

2010-12-08

123

Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs—Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a summarization of the report, Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs, the final report for phase 2 of the SPSP (DOE workforce study) project.

O'Neil, Lori Ross; Assante, Michael; Tobey, D. H.; Conway, T. J.; Vanderhorst, Jr, T. J.; Januszewski, III, J.; Leo, R.; Perman, K.

2013-07-01

124

Infrastructure development assistance modeling for nuclear power plant  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to develop a model, a general frame to be utilized in assisting newcomer countries to start a nuclear power program. A nuclear power plant project involves technical complexity and high level of investment with long duration. Considering newcomers are mostly developing countries that lack the national infrastructure, key infrastructure issues may constitute the principal constraints to the development of a nuclear power program. In this regard, it is important to provide guidance and support to set up an appropriate infrastructure when we help them with the first launch of nuclear power plant project. To date, as a sole nuclear power generation company, KHNP has been invited many times to mentor or assist newcomer countries for their successful start of a nuclear power program since Republic of Korea is an exemplary case of a developing country which began nuclear power program from scratch and became a major world nuclear energy country in a short period of time. Through hosting events organized to aid newcomer countries' initiation of nuclear power projects, difficulties have been recognized. Each event had different contents according to circumstances because they were held as an unstructured and one-off thing. By developing a general model, we can give more adequate and effective aid in an efficient way. In this paper, we created a model to identify necessary infrastructures at the right stage, which was mainly based on a case of Korea. Taking into account the assistance we received from foreign companies and our own efforts for technological self-reliance, we have developed a general time table and specified activities required to do at each stage. From a donor's perspective, we explored various ways to help nuclear infrastructure development including technical support programs, training courses, and participating in IAEA technical cooperation programs on a regular basis. If we further develop the model, the next task would be to make the model more sophisticated as a 'semi-tailored model' so that it can be applied to a certain country reflecting its unique conditions. In accordance with its degree of established infrastructure, we can adjust or modify the model. Despite lots of benefits of using this model, there remain limitations such as time and budget constraints. These problems, however, can be addressed by cooperating with international organization such as the IAEA and other companies that share the same goal of helping newcomer countries introduce nuclear power. (authors)

Park, J. H.; Hwang, K.; Park, K. M.; Kim, S. W.; Lee, S. M. [Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co., LTD, 23, 106 gil, Yeongdong-daero, Gangnam-gu, 153-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-01

125

Developing maximal neuromuscular power: Part 1--biological basis of maximal power production.  

PubMed

This series of reviews focuses on the most important neuromuscular function in many sport performances, the ability to generate maximal muscular power. Part 1 focuses on the factors that affect maximal power production, while part 2, which will follow in a forthcoming edition of Sports Medicine, explores the practical application of these findings by reviewing the scientific literature relevant to the development of training programmes that most effectively enhance maximal power production. The ability of the neuromuscular system to generate maximal power is affected by a range of interrelated factors. Maximal muscular power is defined and limited by the force-velocity relationship and affected by the length-tension relationship. The ability to generate maximal power is influenced by the type of muscle action involved and, in particular, the time available to develop force, storage and utilization of elastic energy, interactions of contractile and elastic elements, potentiation of contractile and elastic filaments as well as stretch reflexes. Furthermore, maximal power production is influenced by morphological factors including fibre type contribution to whole muscle area, muscle architectural features and tendon properties as well as neural factors including motor unit recruitment, firing frequency, synchronization and inter-muscular coordination. In addition, acute changes in the muscle environment (i.e. alterations resulting from fatigue, changes in hormone milieu and muscle temperature) impact the ability to generate maximal power. Resistance training has been shown to impact each of these neuromuscular factors in quite specific ways. Therefore, an understanding of the biological basis of maximal power production is essential for developing training programmes that effectively enhance maximal power production in the human. PMID:21142282

Cormie, Prue; McGuigan, Michael R; Newton, Robert U

2011-01-01

126

Understanding the Business Client – Systems Developer Relationship: A Power Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter reports on field research into the relations between developers and the business client and explores the role\\u000a that systems development methods can play in influencing this relationship. The findings of this field study are distinctive\\u000a in that they illustrate how the business client (user) is able to exercise power over systems developers through the enactment\\u000a of organisational structures

Bruce Rowlands

127

Development Status of the NSTAR Ion Propulsion System Power Processor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A 0.5-2.3 kW xenon ion propulsion system is presently being developed under the NASA Solar Electric Propulsion Technology Application Readiness (NSTAR) program. This propulsion system includes a 30 cm diameter xenon ion thruster, a Digital Control Interface Unit, a xenon feed system, and a power processing unit (PPU). The PPU consists of the power supply assemblies which operate the thruster neutralizer, main discharge chamber, and ion optics. Also included are recycle logic and a digital microcontroller. The neutralizer and discharge power supplies employ a dual use configuration which combines the functions of two power supplies into one, significantly simplifying the PPU. Further simplification was realized by implementing a single thruster control loop which regulates the beam current via the discharge current. Continuous throttling is possible over a 0.5-2.3 kW output power range. All three power supplies have been fabricated and tested with resistive loads, and have been combined into a single breadboard unit with the recycle logic and microcontroller. All line and load regulation test results show the power supplies to be within the NSTAR flight PPU specified power output of 1.98 kW. The overall efficiency of the PPU, calculated as the combined efficiencies of the power supplies and controller, at 2.3 kW delivered to resistive loads was 0.90. The component was 6.16 kg. Integration testing of the neutralizer and discharge power supplies with a functional model thruster revealed no issues with discharge ignition or steady state operation.

Hamley, John A.; Pinero, Luis R.; Rawlin, Vincent K.; Miller, John R.; Cartier, Kevin C.; Bowers, Glen E.

1995-01-01

128

Development of decommissioning technology for nuclear power plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than 30 years have already passed since the first commercial nuclear power plant in Japan was put in operation. Presently, about 50 commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs) are operating and in the future NPP will be ceased the operation and the plant will be decommissioned. NUPEC has been developing the decommissioning technology undertaking the safe, secure, and rational decommissioning for NPPs since 1982. NUPEC has focused its development effort on techniques for decontamination before dismantling, reactor facility dismantling, measurement of residual radioactivity in buildings, waste decontamination, recycling.

Ogawa, Nagano; Saishu, Sadanori; Ishikura, Takeshi

2000-01-01

129

A Practical Approach to Starting Fission Surface Power Development  

SciTech Connect

The Prometheus Power and Propulsion Program has been reformulated to address NASA needs relative to lunar and Mars exploration. Emphasis has switched from the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO) flight system development to more generalized technology development addressing Fission Surface Power (FSP) and Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP). Current NASA budget priorities and the deferred mission need date for nuclear systems prohibit a fully funded reactor Flight Development Program. However, a modestly funded Advanced Technology Program can and should be conducted to reduce the risk and cost of future flight systems. A potential road-map for FSP technology development leading to possible flight applications could include three elements: 1) Conceptual Design Studies, 2) Advanced Component Technology, and 3) Non-Nuclear System Testing. The Conceptual Design Studies would expand on recent NASA and DOE analyses while increasing the depth of study in areas of greatest uncertainty such as reactor integration and human-rated shielding. The Advanced Component Technology element would address the major technology risks through development and testing of reactor fuels, structural materials, primary loop components, shielding, power conversion, heat rejection, and power management and distribution (PMAD). The Non-Nuclear System Testing would provide a modular, technology test-bed to investigate and resolve system integration issues. (author)

Mason, Lee [NASA Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brook Park Road, Cleveland, Ohio 44135 (United States)

2006-07-01

130

Power and polarization monitor development for high power millimeter-wavea)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new type monitor of power and polarization states of millimeter-waves has been developed to be installed at a miter-bend, which is a part of transmission lines of millimeter-waves, for electron cyclotron resonance heating on the Large Helical Device. The monitor measures amplitudes and phase difference of the electric field of the two orthogonal polarizations which are needed for calculation of the power and polarization states of waves. The power and phase differences of two orthogonal polarizations were successfully detected simultaneously.

Makino, R.; Kubo, S.; Kobayashi, K.; Kobayashi, S.; Shimozuma, T.; Yoshimura, Y.; Igami, H.; Takahashi, H.; Mutoh, T.

2014-11-01

131

Development of a dual-field heteropoplar power converter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and testing of a 400 watt, dual phase, dual rotor, field modulated inductor alternator is described. The system is designed for use as a flywheel to ac utility line or flywheel to dc bus (electric vehicle) power converter. The machine is unique in that it uses dual rotors and separately controlled fields to produce output current and voltage which are in phase with each other. Having the voltage and current in phase allows the power electronics to be made of simple low cost components. Based on analytical predictions and experimental results, development of a complete 22 kilowatt (30 Hp) power conversion system is recommended. This system would include power electronics and controls and would replace the inductor alternator with an improved electromagnetic conversion system.

Eisenhaure, D. B.; Johnson, B.; Bliamptis, T.; St. George, E.

1981-01-01

132

Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments  

SciTech Connect

Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

Not Available

1992-06-01

133

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaing TC14  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a KBR Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device (PCD), advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high pressure solids handling systems. This report details test campaign TC14 of the PSDF gasification process. TC14 began on February 16, 2004, and lasted until February 28, 2004, accumulating 214 hours of operation using Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal. The gasifier operating temperatures varied from 1760 to 1810 F at pressures from 188 to 212 psig during steady air blown operations and approximately 160 psig during oxygen blown operations.

Southern Company Services

2004-02-28

134

The Electric Power System of the International Space Station: A Platform for Power Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The electrical power system developed for the International Space Station represents the largest space-based power system ever designed and, consequently, has driven some key technology aspects and operational challenges. The full U.S.-built system consists of a 160-Volt dc primary network, and a more tightly regulated 120-Volt dc secondary network. Additionally, the U.S. system interfaces with the 28-Volt system in the Russian segment. The international nature of the Station has resulted in modular converters, switchgear, outlet panels, and other components being built by different countries, with the associated interface challenges. This paper provides details of the architecture and unique hardware developed for the Space Station, and examines the opportunities it provides for further long-term space power technology development, such as concentrating solar arrays and flywheel energy storage systems.

Gietl, Eric B.; Gholdston, Edward W.; Manners, Bruce A.; Delventhal, Rex A.

2000-01-01

135

300-Watt Power Source Development at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the JPL program to develop a 300 Watt direct methanol fuel cell. The immediate use of the fuel cell is to power test instrumentation on armored vehicles. It reviews the challenges, the system design and the system demonstration.

Valdez, Thomas I.

2005-01-01

136

The power of organizational storytelling: a management development perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Storytelling is a powerful tool that evokes visual images and heightened emotions. Business leaders who can tell a good story have tremendous impact. Presents a model and examples of organizational storytelling, discusses the use of stories in management development, and outlines ways to enhance managers’ storytelling skills.

Sandra Morgan; Robert F. Dennehy

1997-01-01

137

Power and Perspective: The Discourse of Professional Development School Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the results of a study in which the discourse within 75 professional development school (PDS)-related publications was examined to determine where the power, influence, and representation lies in PDS partnerships, as indicated by how those partnerships are described in writing. The results found that while university faculty…

Breault, Rick

2014-01-01

138

System Planning for Bay of Fundy Tidal Power Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses attention on the markets that could be served by potential tidal projects in the Bay of Fundy, describes the system considerations and computer models used to analyze the technical and economic viability of such developments and outlines the transmission requirements necessary for their integration into the power system networks. It also details the results of a study

A. N. Karas

1978-01-01

139

Research, Development, Demonstration and Deployment Issues in the Power Sector  

EPA Science Inventory

For Frank Princiotta?s book, Global Climate Change?The Technology Challenge In this chapter we explore the challenges in developing and deploying technology for mitigation of CO2 emissions associated with power generation. Past successes with controlling other pollutants (notab...

140

The Hazards Posed by the Global Development of Nuclear Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the growth in the demand for energy on a world-wide basis. Reviews the development of nuclear power and points out the many hazards in the nuclear fuel cycle. Describes the nature of nuclear wastes and explains the quantities involved and the current techniques for waste disposal. (GS)

O'Reilly, S. A.

1976-01-01

141

The Mighty Atom? The Development of Nuclear Power Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of nuclear energy for the generation of electricity started in the 1950s and was viewed, at the time, as a source of virtually free power. Development flourished and some countries adopted the nuclear option as their principal source for producing electrical energy. However, a series of nuclear incidents and concern about the treatment of…

Harris, Frank

2014-01-01

142

Three Mile Island2: influence on commercial nuclear power development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TMI-2 accident has had a tremendous impact on commercial nuclear power development. The impact, in part, has been strongly negative. On the positive side, safety features of the plant proved adequate to meet the goal of protecting the health of the public. The technical experience which has been, and is being gleaned, from this accident is strongly positive, in

1982-01-01

143

Development of a solar-powered passive ejector cooling system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of an ejector refrigeration system that is powered by solar thermal energy. The cooling system contains no active parts and is therefore deemed passive. Water is used as the refrigerant though other natural refrigerants could be used for lower temperature operation. A prototype system was built with a nominal cooling capacity of 7 kW. This

V. M Nguyen; S. B Riffat; P. S Doherty

2001-01-01

144

An ICF (Inertial Confinement Fusion) power plant development program  

SciTech Connect

The development of Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) as a power source will require demonstrating four principal objectives: ignition and propagating burn, adequate gain ({eta}G {approx gt} 10) at low drive energy for the reactor driver, reactor pulse rates of a few Hz, and the long-term reliability and economics of a reactor. Additionally, the potential value and applicability of special-purpose ICF reactors, such as tritium breeding reactors and reactors for burning high level fission waste (actinide and fission products) should be investigated. To keep development time and costs to a minimum these should be accomplished with as few major facilities as possible, and subsystems should be developed only as they are needed. A viable scenario for Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) would include establishing the first milestone in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and Fusion Policy Advisory Committee (FPAC) recommended Nova Upgrade, and the latter three in an Engineering Test Facility (ETF)/Demonstration Power Plant (DPP), i.e. two major facilities. To be successful in so short a time, operations at the major facilities would have to be supported by off-line reactor driver and other technology development. The program plan discussed here assumes that enhanced funding is available beginning in FY 1992. It is estimated that such a program could provide a prototype IFE power plant by the second decade of the 21st century and make commercial power available in mid to late 2020s.

Storm, E.; Hogan, W.J.; Lindl, J.D.

1990-06-05

145

Development of a solar-powered residential air conditioner  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An extensive review of the literature was conducted which was concerned with the characterization of systems and equipment that could be applicable to the development of solar-powered air conditioners based on the Rankine cycle approach, and the establishment of baseline data defining the performance, physical characteristics, and cost of systems using the LiBr/H2O absorption cycle.

1975-01-01

146

Heat engine development for solar thermal power systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technical status of three heat engines (Stirling, high-temperature Brayton, and Combined cycle) for use in solar thermal power systems is presented. Performance goals necessary to develop a system competitive with conventional power requirements include an external heated engine output less than 40 kW, and efficiency power conversion subsystem at least 40% at rated output, and a half-power efficiency of at least 37%. Results show that the Stirling engine can offer a 39% efficiency with 100 hours of life, and a 20% efficiency with 10,000 hours of life, but problems with seals and heater heads exist. With a demonstrated efficiency near 31% at 1500 F and a minimum lifetime of 100,000 hours, the Brayton engine does not offer sufficient engine lifetime, efficiency, and maintenance for solar thermal power systems. Examination of the Rankine bottoming cycle of the Combined cycle engine reveals a 30 year lifetime, but a low efficiency. Additional development of engines for solar use is primarily in the areas of components to provide a long lifetime, high reliability, and low maintenance (no more than $0.001/kW-hr).

Pham, H. Q.; Jaffe, L. D.

1981-01-01

147

Status of Brayton cycle power conversion development at NASA GRC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Glenn Research Center is pursuing the development of Brayton cycle power conversion for various NASA initiatives. Brayton cycle power systems offer numerous advantages for space power generation including high efficiency, long life, high maturity, and broad salability. Candidate mission applications include surface rovers and bases, advanced propulsion vehicles, and earth orbiting satellites. A key advantage is the ability for Brayton converters to span the wide range of power demands of future missions from several kilowatts to multi-megawatts using either solar, isotope, or reactor heat sources. Brayton technology has been under development by NASA since the early 1960's resulting in engine prototypes in the 2 to 15 kW-class that have demonstrated conversion efficiency of almost 30% and cumulative operation in excess of 40,000 hours. Present efforts at GRC are focusing on a 2 kW testbed as a proving ground for future component advances and operational strategies, and a 25 kW engine design as a modular building block for 100 kW-class electric propulsion and Mars surface power applications. .

Mason, Lee S.; Shaltens, Richard K.; Dolce, James L.; Cataldo, Robert L.

2002-01-01

148

Development of Next Generation Segmented Thermoelectric Radioisotope Power Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radioisotope thermoelectric generators have been used for space-based applications since 1961 with a total of 22 space missions that have successfully used RTGs for electrical power production. The key advantages of radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) are their long life, robustness, compact size, and high reliability. Thermoelectric converters are easily scalable, and possess a linear current-voltage curve, making power generation easy to control via a shunt regulator and shunt radiator. They produce no noise, vibration or torque during operation. These properties have made RTGs ideally suitable for autonomous missions in the extreme environments of outer space and on planetary surfaces. More advanced radioisotope power systems (RPS) with higher specific power (W/kg) and/or power output are desirable for future NASA missions, including the Europa Geophysical Orbiter mission. For the past few years, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) has been developing more efficient thermoelectric materials and has demonstrated significant increases in the conversion efficiency of high temperature thermocouples, up to 14% when operated across a 975K to 300K temperature differential. In collaboration with NASA Glenn Research Center, universities (USC and UNM), Ceramic and Metal Composites Corporation and industrial partners, JPL is now planning to lead the research and development of advanced thermoelectric technology for integration into the next generations of RPS. Preliminary studies indicate that this technology has the potential for improving the RPS specific power by more than 50% over the current state-of-the-art multi-mission RTG being built for the Mars Science Laboratory mission. A second generation advanced RPS is projected at more than doubling the specific power.

Fleurial, J.; Caillat, T.; Ewell, R. C.

2005-12-01

149

Development of the cost-effective IGCC power plant  

SciTech Connect

Utilization of the world's vast coal reserves for environmentally benign power generation in plants with the highest possible efficiencies is and will remain a top priority. This made it necessary to develop the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC). While the IGCC prototype plants, three in the US and two in Europe, have the task of proving what is technically achievable, advanced IGCC technology is currently being developed further to provide the basis for clean and affordable energy in a competitive market. However, efficiency is only one aspect here. In addition to reliability and availability, power generating costs are the key criterion for a power producer, which logically means that these are lower than those of today's most advanced pulverized-coal-fired (PCF) steam power plants at the same specific capital investment due to the benefit from the achieved clearly higher efficiencies. This contribution reports interim results of a comprehensive ongoing study funded by the European Commission. First, the status of the IGCC 98 technology is described. Net station efficiencies around 52% are achieved under the site conditions prevailing in Denmark, where one of the world's most modern PCF power plants (design efficiency 47%) is currently being commissioned. The IGCC 98 station will be equipped with PRENFLO gasification developed by Krupp and a Siemens Model V94.3A gas turbine-generator with 1,250 C turbine inlet temperature (ISO). Furthermore, the results of a detailed cost estimate based on Western European conditions and aimed at clearly lower specific capital investment for an IGCC power plant are depicted.

Baumann, H.R.; Ullrich, N.; Haupt, G.; Zimmermann, G.; Pruschek, R.; Oeljeklaus, G.

1998-07-01

150

Solar dynamic power system development for Space Station Freedom  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a solar dynamic electric power generation system as part of the Space Station Freedom Program is documented. The solar dynamic power system includes a solar concentrator, which collects sunlight; a receiver, which accepts and stores the concentrated solar energy and transfers this energy to a gas; a Brayton turbine, alternator, and compressor unit, which generates electric power; and a radiator, which rejects waste heat. Solar dynamic systems have greater efficiency and lower maintenance costs than photovoltaic systems and are being considered for future growth of Space Station Freedom. Solar dynamic development managed by the NASA Lewis Research Center from 1986 to Feb. 1991 is covered. It summarizes technology and hardware development, describes 'lessons learned', and, through an extensive bibliography, serves as a source list of documents that provide details of the design and analytic results achieved. It was prepared by the staff of the Solar Dynamic Power System Branch at the NASA Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. The report includes results from the prime contractor as well as from in-house efforts, university grants, and other contracts. Also included are the writers' opinions on the best way to proceed technically and programmatically with solar dynamic efforts in the future, on the basis of their experiences in this program.

1993-01-01

151

Power Management and Distribution (PMAD) Model Development: Final Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Power management and distribution (PMAD) models were developed in the early 1990's to model candidate architectures for various Space Exploration Initiative (SEI) missions. They were used to generate "ballpark" component mass estimates to support conceptual PMAD system design studies. The initial set of models was provided to NASA Lewis Research Center (since renamed Glenn Research Center) in 1992. They were developed to estimate the characteristics of power conditioning components predicted to be available in the 2005 timeframe. Early 90's component and device designs and material technologies were projected forward to the 2005 timeframe, and algorithms reflecting those design and material improvements were incorporated into the models to generate mass, volume, and efficiency estimates for circa 2005 components. The models are about ten years old now and NASA GRC requested a review of them to determine if they should be updated to bring them into agreement with current performance projections or to incorporate unforeseen design or technology advances. This report documents the results of this review and the updated power conditioning models and new transmission line models generated to estimate post 2005 PMAD system masses and sizes. This effort continues the expansion and enhancement of a library of PMAD models developed to allow system designers to assess future power system architectures and distribution techniques quickly and consistently.

Metcalf, Kenneth J.

2011-01-01

152

Solar dynamic power system development for Space Station Freedom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a solar dynamic electric power generation system as part of the Space Station Freedom Program is documented. The solar dynamic power system includes a solar concentrator, which collects sunlight; a receiver, which accepts and stores the concentrated solar energy and transfers this energy to a gas; a Brayton turbine, alternator, and compressor unit, which generates electric power; and a radiator, which rejects waste heat. Solar dynamic systems have greater efficiency and lower maintenance costs than photovoltaic systems and are being considered for future growth of Space Station Freedom. Solar dynamic development managed by the NASA Lewis Research Center from 1986 to Feb. 1991 is covered. It summarizes technology and hardware development, describes 'lessons learned', and, through an extensive bibliography, serves as a source list of documents that provide details of the design and analytic results achieved. It was prepared by the staff of the Solar Dynamic Power System Branch at the NASA Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. The report includes results from the prime contractor as well as from in-house efforts, university grants, and other contracts. Also included are the writers' opinions on the best way to proceed technically and programmatically with solar dynamic efforts in the future, on the basis of their experiences in this program.

1993-07-01

153

Modelling Sustainable Development Scenarios of Croatian Power System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main objective of power system sustainable development is to provide the security of electricity supply required to underpin economic growth and increase the quality of living while minimizing adverse environmental impacts. New challenges such as deregulation, liberalization of energy markets, increased competition on energy markets, growing demands on security of supply, price insecurities and demand to cut CO2 emissions, are calling for better understanding of electrical systems modelling. Existing models are not sufficient anymore and planners will need to think differently in order to face these challenges. Such a model, on the basis on performed simulations, should enable planner to distinguish between different options and to analyze sustainability of these options. PLEXOS is an electricity market simulation model, used for modeling electrical system in Croatia since 2005. Within this paper, generation expansion scenarios until 2020 developed for Croatian Energy Strategy and modeled in PLEXOS. Development of sustainable Croatian energy scenario was analyzed in the paper - impacts of CO2 emission price and wind generation. Energy Strategy sets goal for 1200 MW from wind power plants in 2020. In order to fully understand its impacts, intermittent nature of electricity generation from wind power plant was modeled. We conclude that electrical system modelling using everyday growing models has proved to be inevitable for sustainable electrical system planning in complex environment in which power plants operate today.

Paši?ko, Robert; Stani?, Zoran; Debrecin, Nenad

2010-05-01

154

Coil Development using YBCO Tape Coated Conductor for Power Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Each superconducting coil manufacturing process using YBCO tape coated conductor was evaluated, and double pancake type copper stabilized coils were verified, in order to develop base technologies of a YBCO coil for power applications. Cost of YBCO tape including a stabilization process needs to be low in order for it to be a practical use wire for power application coils. Conduction cooling is also needed below the 50K temperature range, which is optimal for high magnetic field coils using YBCO tape. Therefore, we developed technology for each process for manufacturing of a conduction cooling type coil. Techniques for winding, stabilization, electrode formation, and impregnation were developed, considering YBCO tape configuration and a conduction cooling method. Several wire coils were then manufactured and verified using a conduction cooling system, and the high performances of thermal stability, low electrical joint resistance, etc. were achieved without degradation.

Shikimachi, Koji; Kashima, Naoji; Watanabe, Tomonori; Nagaya, Shigeo; Yagi, Masashi; Mukoyama, Shinichi; Izumi, Teruo; Nakao, Koichi; Shiohara, Yuh

155

Development of high-power holmium-doped fibre amplifiers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resonantly pumped holmium fibre lasers present a range of opportunities for the development of novel fibre laser and amplifier devices due to the availability of mature, efficient high power thulium fibre pump lasers. In this paper we describe the operation of a large mode area holmium-doped fibre amplifier. The master-oscillator is an all-fibre linearly polarised, core pumped single mode laser operating at 27 W at 2.11 ?m. This laser was amplified in a large mode area fibre producing up to 265 W of output power. This system is the first demonstration of a resonantly pumped holmiumdoped fibre amplifier. It is also the highest power fibre amplifier that is capable of operating in an atmospheric transmission window <2.05 ?m. This monolithic all-fibre system is able to address a wide range of remote sensing, scientific, medical and defence applications.

Hemming, Alexander; Simakov, Nikita; Davidson, Alan; Oermann, Michael; Corena, Len; Stepanov, Dmitrii; Carmody, Neil; Haub, John; Swain, Robert; Carter, Adrian

2014-03-01

156

Heatpipe power system and heatpipe bimodal system development status  

SciTech Connect

The Heatpipe Power System (HPS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power system. The Heatpipe Bimodal System (HBS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power and/or propulsion system. Both systems will be composed of independent modules, and all components use existing technology and operate within the existing database. The HPS and HBS have relatively few system integration issues; thus, the successful development of a module is a significant step toward verifying system feasibility and performance estimates. A prototypic HPS module was fabricated, and initial testing was completed in April 1997. All test objectives were accomplished, demonstrating the basic feasibility of the HPS. Fabrication of an HBS module is underway, and testing should begin in early 1998.

Houts, Michael G.; Poston, David I.; Emrich, William J. Jr. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, MS K551, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); NASA Marshall Spaceflight Center, PS05, Huntsville, Alabama 35758 (United States)

1998-01-15

157

Heatpipe power system and heatpipe bimodal system development status  

SciTech Connect

The Heatpipe Power System (HPS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power system. The Heatpipe Bimodal System (HBS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power and/or propulsion system. Both systems will be composed of independent modules, and all components use existing technology and operate within the existing database. The HPS and HBS have relatively few system integration issues; thus, the successful development of a module is a significant step toward verifying system feasibility and performance estimates. A prototypic HPS module was fabricated, and initial testing was completed in April 1997. All test objectives were accomplished, demonstrating the basic feasibility of the HPS. Fabrication of an HBS module is underway, and testing should begin in early 1998. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Houts, M.G.; Poston, D.I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, MS K551, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Emrich, W.J. Jr. [NASA Marshall Spaceflight Center, PS05, Huntsville, Alabama 35758 (United States)

1998-01-01

158

Development of battery powered 100 kV dc power supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased interest in pulsed power field applications has generated the need for development of compact and remotely operated chargers driven by rechargeable batteries. With this objective, a compact and portable dc to dc Converter has been developed which has an output rating of 100 kV, 0.4 mA. The high voltage generation scheme uses a hybrid approach. The overall idea

Rishi Verma; A. Shyam; Lakshmi Nair

2006-01-01

159

Power Electronics Development for the SPT-100 Thruster  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Russian electric propulsion technologies have recently become available on the world market. Of significant interest is the Stationary Plasma Thruster (SPT) which has a significant flight heritage in the former Soviet space program. The SPT has performance levels of up to 1600 seconds of specific impulse at a thrust efficiency of 0.50. Studies have shown that this level of performance is well suited for stationkeeping applications, and the SPT-100, with a 1.35 kW input power level, is presently being evaluated for use on Western commercial satellites. Under a program sponsored by the Innovative Science and Technology Division of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, a team of U.S. electric propulsion specialists observed the operation of the SPT-100 in Russia. Under this same program, power electronics were developed to operate the SPT-100 to characterize thruster performance and operation in the U.S. The power electronics consisted of a discharge, cathode heater, and pulse igniter power supplies to operate the thruster with manual flow control. A Russian designed matching network was incorporated in the discharge supply to ensure proper operation with the thruster. The cathode heater power supply and igniter were derived from ongoing development projects. No attempts were made to augment thruster electromagnet current in this effort. The power electronics successfully started and operated the SPT-100 thruster in performance tests at NASA Lewis, with minimal oscillations in the discharge current. The efficiency of the main discharge supply was measured at 0.92, and straightforward modifications were identified which could increase the efficiency to 0.94.

Hamley, John A.; Hill, Gerald M.; Sankovic, John M.

1994-01-01

160

Technology Development for a Stirling Radioisotope Power System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Glenn Research Center and the Department of Energy are developing a Stirling convertor for an advanced radioisotope power system to provide spacecraft on-board electric power for NASA deep space missions. NASA Glenn is addressing key technology issues through the use of two NASA Phase II SBIRs with Stirling Technology Company (STC) of Kennewick, WA. Under the first SBIR, STC demonstrated a synchronous connection of two thermodynamically independent free-piston Stirling convertors and a 40 to 50 fold reduction in vibrations compared to an unbalanced convertor. The second SBIR is for the development of an Adaptive Vibration Reduction System (AVRS) that will essentially eliminate vibrations over the mission lifetime, even in the unlikely event of a failed convertor. This paper presents the status and results for these two SBIR projects and also discusses a new NASA Glenn in-house project to provide supporting technology for the overall Stirling radioisotope power system development. Tasks for this new effort include convertor performance verification, controls development, heater head structural life assessment, magnet characterization and thermal aging tests, FEA analysis for a lightweight alternator concept, and demonstration of convertor operation under launch and orbit transfer load conditions.

Thieme, Lanny G.; Qiu, Songgang; White, Maurice A.

2000-01-01

161

West European nuclear power generation research and development  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses the status of West European research and development (R D) in support of nuclear power generation. The focus is on light-water reactors (LWRs), as they will likely be the only concept commerically implemented within the next decade. To a laser degree, alternative concepts such as the high-temperature gas cooled reactor and the liquid-metal reactor (LMR) are also assessed. To bound the study, only the fuel cycle stages of fuel fabrication, power generation, and fuel reprocessing are considered. Under the topic of power generation, the subtopics of core reactor physics, materials, instrumentation and control systems, nuclear power safety, and power plant fabrication and construction are addressed. The front-end fuel cycle stages of mining and milling, conversion and enrichment, and the back-end fuel cycle stages of waste conditioning and disposal and not considered. Most assessments for light-water reactor R D are completed on a country-by-country basis since there is limited cooperation among the West European countries due to the commercial relevance of R D in this area.

Turinsky, P.J.; Baron, S.; Burch, W.D.; Corradini, M.L.; Lucas, G.E.; Matthews, R.B.; Uhrig, R.E.

1991-09-01

162

West European nuclear power generation research and development  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses the status of West European research and development (R&D) in support of nuclear power generation. The focus is on light-water reactors (LWRs), as they will likely be the only concept commerically implemented within the next decade. To a laser degree, alternative concepts such as the high-temperature gas cooled reactor and the liquid-metal reactor (LMR) are also assessed. To bound the study, only the fuel cycle stages of fuel fabrication, power generation, and fuel reprocessing are considered. Under the topic of power generation, the subtopics of core reactor physics, materials, instrumentation and control systems, nuclear power safety, and power plant fabrication and construction are addressed. The front-end fuel cycle stages of mining and milling, conversion and enrichment, and the back-end fuel cycle stages of waste conditioning and disposal and not considered. Most assessments for light-water reactor R&D are completed on a country-by-country basis since there is limited cooperation among the West European countries due to the commercial relevance of R&D in this area.

Turinsky, P.J.; Baron, S.; Burch, W.D.; Corradini, M.L.; Lucas, G.E.; Matthews, R.B.; Uhrig, R.E.

1991-09-01

163

Development in Russia of Megawatt Power Gyrotrons for Fusion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tests of the Russian ITER gyrotrons were continued after debugging of the test facility at Kurchatov Institute including the evacuated transmission line and power supplies capable to provide gyrotron CW operation. A new ITER gyrotron (V-10) with upgraded body insulation, liquid cooling system for the DC-break ceramic and improved design of the relief window has been manufactured and is currently under test. A maximal total efficiency near 55% at 1 MW power level was attained. The maximal pulse duration of 1000 s at 0.8 MW power was limited at that time by the test stand. At 1 MW power level the gyrotron V-10 up to now reached a pulse duration of 570 s. An advanced short-pulse (100 ms) gyrotron model operating in the TE28.12 mode demonstrated a very robust operation at relatively high electron energies (up to 100 keV) necessary to achieve 1.5-2 MW output power. Three double frequency gyrotrons have been delivered to ASDEX Upgrade. The development of a multi-frequency gyrotron with a broadband or tuneable synthetic diamond window is in progress.

Litvak, Alexander G.; Denisov, Gregory G.; Myasnikov, Vadim E.; Tai, Evgeny M.; Azizov, Englen A.; Ilin, Vladimir I.

2011-03-01

164

Long Duration Balloon Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) solar power system development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High altitude scientific balloons have been used for many years to provide scientists with access to near space at a fraction of the cost of satellite based or sounding rocket experiments. In recent years, these balloons have been successfully used for long duration missions of up to 40 days. Longer missions, with durations of up to 100 days (Ultra Long), are in the planning stages. Due to the flight durations, solar power systems have been utilized throughout the Long Duration Balloon (LDB) flight program to power the necessary electronic systems. Recently, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) charge controllers have become available off-the-shelf. These controllers along with high efficiency mono-crystalline solar cells have become reliable, low cost solutions even in the harsh environments they operate in. The LDB program at the Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility (CSBF) began supporting solar power systems with custom units fabricated by the Physical Science Laboratory (PSL) of New Mexico State University (NMSU). These charge controllers proved to be very reliable systems; however, they required intensive labor to build and were relatively expensive. As off-the-shelf MPPT charge controllers have become available, they have been integrated into the LDB flight support systems. Coupled with PSL developed interface electronics for monitoring and power switching, they have proven to be as reliable, less expensive, and more efficient. The addition of MPPT allows for the controller to operate the solar panel at it highest power production point. Newer, off-the-shelf controllers with smarter MPPT, are currently being tested. This paper describes the long and ultra-long balloon missions and the role that solar power plays in mission success. More importantly, it discusses the recent developments in off-the-shelf MPPT charge controllers configured for use in the harsh high altitude balloon environment.

Perez, Juan

165

Development Status: Automation Advanced Development Space Station Freedom Electric Power System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electric power system automation for Space Station Freedom is intended to operate in a loop. Data from the power system is used for diagnosis and security analysis to generate Operations Management System (OMS) requests, which are sent to an arbiter, which sends a plan to a commander generator connected to the electric power system. This viewgraph presentation profiles automation software for diagnosis, scheduling, and constraint interfaces, and simulation to support automation development. The automation development process is diagrammed, and the process of creating Ada and ART versions of the automation software is described.

Dolce, James L.; Kish, James A.; Mellor, Pamela A.

1990-01-01

166

High-Power Krypton Hall Thruster Technology Being Developed for Nuclear-Powered Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Glenn Research Center has been performing research and development of moderate specific impulse, xenon-fueled, high-power Hall thrusters for potential solar electric propulsion applications. These applications include Mars missions, reusable tugs for low-Earth-orbit to geosynchronous-Earth-orbit transportation, and missions that require transportation to libration points. This research and development effort resulted in the design and fabrication of the NASA-457M Hall thruster that has been tested at input powers up to 95 kW. During project year 2003, NASA established Project Prometheus to develop technology in the areas of nuclear power and propulsion, which are enabling for deep-space science missions. One of the Project-Prometheus-sponsored Nuclear Propulsion Research tasks is to investigate alternate propellants for high-power Hall thruster electric propulsion. The motivation for alternate propellants includes the disadvantageous cost and availability of xenon propellant for extremely large scale, xenon-fueled propulsion systems and the potential system performance benefits of using alternate propellants. The alternate propellant krypton was investigated because of its low cost relative to xenon. Krypton propellant also has potential performance benefits for deep-space missions because the theoretical specific impulse for a given voltage is 20 percent higher than for xenon because of krypton's lower molecular weight. During project year 2003, the performance of the high-power NASA-457M Hall thruster was measured using krypton as the propellant at power levels ranging from 6.4 to 72.5 kW. The thrust produced ranged from 0.3 to 2.5 N at a discharge specific impulse up to 4500 sec.

Jacobson, David T.; Manzella, David H.

2004-01-01

167

Development and fabrication of improved Schottky power diodes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reproducible methods for the fabrication of silicon Schottky diodes have been developed for tungsten, aluminum, conventional platinum silicide, and low temperature platinum silicide. Barrier heights and barrier lowering under reverse bias have been measured, permitting the accurate prediction of forward and reverse diode characteristics. Processing procedures have been developed that permit the fabrication of large area (about 1 sq cm) mesageometry power Schottky diodes with forward and reverse characteristics that approach theoretical values. A theoretical analysis of the operation of bridge rectifier circuits has been performed, which indicates the ranges of frequency and voltage for which Schottky rectifiers are preferred to p-n junctions. Power Schottky rectifiers have been fabricated and tested for voltage ratings up to 140 volts.

Cordes, L. F.; Garfinkel, M.; Taft, E. A.

1975-01-01

168

High power KrF laser development at Los Alamos  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the high power laser development program at Los Alamos is to appraise the potential of the KrF laser as a driver for inertial confinement fusion (ICF), ultimately at energy levels that will produce high target gain (gain of order 100). A KrF laser system prototype, the 10-kJ Aurora laser, which is nearing initial system operation, will serve

Thomas McDonald; David Cartwright; Charles Fenstermacher; Joseph Figueira; Philip Goldstone; David Harris; William Mead; Louis Rosocha

1988-01-01

169

Lines of development of tower-type solar power plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Problem areas in the development of tower-type solar power plants are discussed. The mode of functioning of such plants is briefly reviewed and the economic shortcomings of solar energy devices are summarized. Technical aspects and requirements of the system devices are summarized. Technical aspects and requirements of the system components are detailed, including the reflector, the receiver, the circuit, the tower, and the storage.

Henseler, H.-J.

1981-10-01

170

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC20  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coal. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device (PCD), advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results of the first demonstration of the Transport Gasifier following significant modifications of the gasifier configuration. This demonstration took place during test campaign TC20, occurring from August 8 to September 23, 2006. The modifications proved successful in increasing gasifier residence time and particulate collection efficiency, two parameters critical in broadening of the fuel operating envelope and advancing gasification technology. The gasification process operated for over 870 hours, providing the opportunity for additional testing of various gasification technologies, such as PCD failsafe evaluation and sensor development.

Southern Company Services

2006-09-30

171

Development of Power Assisting Suit for Assisting Nurse Labor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to realize a power assisting suit for assisting a nurse caring a patient in her arm, a hardness sensor of muscle using load cell and a pneumatic rotary actuator utilizing pressure cuffs have been developed. The power assisting suit consists of shoulders, arms, waist and legs made of aluminum, and is fitted on the nurse body. The power assisting suit is originated with the concept of a master and slave system in one body. The arms, waist and legs have the pneumatic rotary actuators. The pneumatic rotary actuators are constructed with pressure cuffs sandwiched between thin plates. The action of the arms, waist and legs of the nurse are sensed with the muscle hardness sensor utilizing load cell with diaphragm mounted on a sensing tip. The dent of the sensing tip corresponds to the hardness of the muscle so that exerting muscle force produces electric signal. This paper gives the design and characteristics of the power assisting suit using the cuff type pneumatic rotary actuators and the muscle hardness sensor verifying its practicability.

Yamamoto, Keijiro; Hyodo, Kazuhito; Ishii, Mineo; Matsuo, Takashi

172

Further development of high-power pump laser diodes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

AlGaAs/InGaAs based high power pump laser diodes with wavelength of around 980 nm are key products within erbium doped fiber amplifiers (EDFA) for today's long haul and metro-communication networks, whereas InGaAsP/InP based laser diodes with 14xx nm emission wavelength are relevant for advanced, but not yet widely-used Raman amplifiers. Due to the changing industrial environment cost reduction becomes a crucial factor in the development of new, pump modules. Therefore, pump laser chips were aggressively optimized in terms of power conversion and thermal stability, which allows operation without active cooling at temperatures exceeding 70°C. In addition our submarine-reliable single mode technology was extended to high power multi-mode laser diodes. These light sources can be used in the field of optical amplifiers as well as for medical, printing and industrial applications. Improvements of pump laser diodes in terms of power conversion efficiency, fiber Bragg grating (FBG) locking performance of single mode devices, noise reduction and reliability will be presented.

Schmidt, Berthold; Lichtenstein, Norbert; Sverdlov, Boris; Matuschek, Nicolai; Mohrdiek, Stefan; Pliska, Tomas; Mueller, Juergen; Pawlik, Susanne; Arlt, Sebastian; Pfeiffer, Hans-Ulrich; Fily, Arnaud; Harder, Christoph

2003-12-01

173

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC21  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coal. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device (PCD), advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results of the first demonstration of gasification operation with lignite coal following the 2006 gasifier configuration modifications. This demonstration took place during test campaign TC21, occurring from November 7, 2006, through January 26, 2007. The test campaign began with low sodium lignite fuel, and after 304 hours of operation, the fuel was changed to high sodium lignite, for 34 additional hours of operation. Both fuels were from the North Dakota Freedom mine. Stable operation with low sodium lignite was maintained for extended periods, although operation with high sodium lignite was problematic due to agglomeration formation in the gasifier restricting solids circulation.

Southern Company Services

2007-01-30

174

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC16  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a KBR (formerly Kellogg Brown & Root) Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report discusses Test Campaign TC16 of the PSDF gasification process. TC16 began on July 14, 2004, lasting until August 24, 2004, for a total of 835 hours of gasification operation. The test campaign consisted of operation using Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal and high sodium lignite from the North Dakota Freedom mine. The highest gasifier operating temperature mostly varied from 1,760 to 1,850 F with PRB and 1,500 to 1,600 F with lignite. Typically, during PRB operations, the gasifier exit pressure was maintained between 215 and 225 psig using air as the gasification oxidant and between 145 and 190 psig while using oxygen as the oxidant. With lignite, the gasifier operated only in air-blown mode, and the gasifier outlet pressure ranged from 150 to 160 psig.

Southern Company Services

2004-08-24

175

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC22  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a KBR Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results of TC22, the first test campaign using a high moisture lignite from Mississippi as the feedstock in the modified Transport Gasifier configuration. TC22 was conducted from March 24 to April 17, 2007. The gasification process was operated for 543 hours, increasing the total gasification operation at the PSDF to over 10,000 hours. The PSDF gasification process was operated in air-blown mode with a total of about 1,080 tons of coal. Coal feeder operation was challenging due to the high as-received moisture content of the lignite, but adjustments to the feeder operating parameters reduced the frequency of coal feeder trips. Gasifier operation was stable, and carbon conversions as high as 98.9 percent were demonstrated. Operation of the PCD and other support equipment such as the recycle gas compressor and ash removal systems operated reliably.

Southern Company Services

2008-11-01

176

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC17  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a KBR (formerly Kellogg Brown & Root) Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results gasification operation with Illinois Basin bituminous coal in PSDF test campaign TC17. The test campaign was completed from October 25, 2004, to November 18, 2004. System startup and initial operation was accomplished with Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal, and then the system was transitioned to Illinois Basin coal operation. The major objective for this test was to evaluate the PSDF gasification process operational stability and performance using the Illinois Basin coal. The Transport Gasifier train was operated for 92 hours using PRB coal and for 221 hours using Illinois Basin coal.

Southern Company Services

2004-11-30

177

Wind power in Russia Today: Development, resources, and technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

Wind power development in Russia and technology transfer from the West are discussed from an integrated perspective, including institutional and economic conditions, technologies, geography, and technology transfer experience. Commercialization has only begun in the last few years. Domestic technology development programs for 100-kW to 1000-kW turbines and wind farm projects are described. Good wind resources exist in at least 17 regions (out of 89) in the Far East, Far North, Northwest, North Caucasus, and Lower Volga. To Russians, wind power means jobs and autonomy. Joint ventures are an important form of technology transfer because of existing idle industrial capacity with skilled workers. Equipment imports to-date have been minimal. The only example of a production joint venture so far is Windenergo in Ukraine, which has begun to produce 110-kW turbines under a Kenetech Windpower license. Barriers to technology transfer are described and appear formidable. Russia remains a combination of technology transfer perspectives for developed, developing, and former Communist countries

Martinot, E. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Perminov, E.M. [Russian National Electric Utility RAO, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1995-12-31

178

Development of 3 kW at 325 MHz solid-state RF power amplifier using four power amplifier modules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A high power solid-state RF power amplifier of 3 kW at 325 MHz has been developed using only four RF power amplifier modules of 850 W power output each. The design and characterization of RF power modules have been presented. A four way Wilkinson power combiner adds the output of four power amplifier modules with a total transmission loss of less than 6%. The combined power amplifier has a power gain of 20.2 dB at 1-dB compression point, and the corresponding output power is 2.8 kW at 325 MHz. The drain efficiency of the power amplifier is 65.3% at 3 kW. All the harmonics of this amplifier are below -40 dBc. The amplifier has better characteristics like fewer numbers of active devices per kilo watt, high efficiency, high gain, and ruggedness etc for RF accelerator applications.

Ramarao, B. V.; Sonal, S.; Mishra, J. K.; Pande, M.; Singh, P.; Kumar, G.; Mukherjee, J.

2014-01-01

179

Organic Rankine power conversion subsystem development for the small community solar thermal power system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development and preliminary test results for an air-cooled, hermetically sealed 20 kW sub E organic Rankine cycle engine/alternator unit for use with point focussing distributed receiver solar thermal power system. A 750 F toluene is the working fluid and the system features a high speed, single-stage axial flow turbine direct-coupled to a permanent magnet alternator. Good performance was achieved with the unit in preliminary tests.

Barber, R. E.; Boda, F. P.

1982-01-01

180

The Solar Power Satellite - An opportunity for Third World development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of Solar Power Satellite (SPS) systems in conjunction with other renewable energy configurations such as flat plate collectors, windmills, hydroelectric power stations, OTEC, and photovoltaic cells to alleviate the shortages and costs of energy sources in developing nations is recommended. Education of people in the Third World to potential benefits of space resources exploitation is a way to involve them in space activities in the 21st century. SPS systems are noted to have a potential of freeing millions of tons of manure and firewood for other uses. Potential land-use and legal definitions of GEO problems are indicated, along with the potential for ocean-basing the rectennas to serve as mariculture sites.

Mayur, R.; Glaser, P. E.

181

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Wholesale Power Rate Development Study.  

SciTech Connect

The Wholesale Power Rate Development Study (WPRDS) calculates BPA proposed rates based on information either developed in the WPRDS or supplied by the other studies that comprise the BPA rate proposal. All of these studies, and accompanying documentation, provide the details of computations and assumptions. In general, information about loads and resources is provided by the Load Resource Study (LRS), WP-07-E-BPA-01, and the LRS Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-01A. Revenue requirements information, as well as the Planned Net Revenues for Risk (PNNR), is provided in the Revenue Requirement Study, WP-07-E-BPA-02, and its accompanying Revenue Requirement Study Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-02A and WP-07-E-BPA-02B. The Market Price Forecast Study (MPFS), WP-07-E-BPA-03, and the MPFS Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-03A, provide the WPRDS with information regarding seasonal and diurnal differentiation of energy rates, as well information regarding monthly market prices for Demand Rates. In addition, this study provides information for the pricing of unbundled power products. The Risk Analysis Study, WP-07-E-BPA-04, and the Risk Analysis Study Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-04A, provide short-term balancing purchases as well as secondary energy sales and revenue. The Section 7(b)(2) Rate Test Study, WP-07-E-BPA-06, and the Section 7(b)(2) Rate Test Study Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-06A, implement Section 7(b)(2) of the Northwest Power Act to ensure that BPA preference customers firm power rates applied to their general requirements are no higher than rates calculated using specific assumptions in the Northwest Power Act.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2007-11-01

182

Risks and decision making in development of new power plant projects  

E-print Network

Power plant development projects are typically capital intensive and subject to a complex network of interconnected risks that impact development's performance. Failure to develop a power plant to meet performance constraints ...

Kristinsdottir, Asbjorg

2012-01-01

183

Power Systems Development Facility. First quarterly report, 1997  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project, herein referred to as the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), is to evaluate hot gas particle control technologies using coal derived gas streams. This project entails the design, construction, installation, and use of a flexible test facility which can operate under realistic gasification and combustion conditions. The major particulate control device (PCD) issues to be addressed include the integration of the PCDs into coal utilization systems, on-line cleaning techniques, chemical and thermal degradation of components, fatigue or structural failures, blinding, collection efficiency as a function of particle size, and scale-up of particulate control systems to commercial size.

NONE

1997-07-01

184

Worldwide geothermal power development: an overview and update  

SciTech Connect

During the past year, geothermal electric generating capacity has increased by 616.4 MW or 24%. The bulk of this growth has come from new units in the US (344.9 MW) and the Philippines (147.5 MW). Progress is continuing in Japan, Mexico, Indonesia, Italy, and Kenya. In spite of generally poor worldwide economic conditions and political unrest in several regions, geothermal developments are nevertheless taking place albeit at a slower pace than was anticipated a decade ago. In this paper the authors present the state of affairs in geothermal power and offer a glimpse at some of the trends that may be emerging for the future.

DiPippo, R.

1984-01-01

185

Development of an HTS hydroelectric power generator for the hirschaid power station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the development and manufacture of a 1.7MW, 5.25kV, 28pole, 214rpm hydroelectric power generator consisting of superconducting HTS field coils and a conventional stator. The generator is to be installed at a hydro power station in Hirschaid, Germany and is intended to be a technology demonstrator for the practical application of superconducting technology for sustainable and renewable power generation. The generator is intended to replace and uprate an existing conventional generator and will be connected directly to the German grid. The HTS field winding uses Bi-2223 tape conductor cooled to about 30K using high pressure helium gas which is transferred from static cryocoolers to the rotor via a bespoke rotating coupling. The coils are insulated with multi-layer insulation and positioned over laminated iron rotor poles which are at room temperature. The rotor is enclosed within a vacuum chamber and the complete assembly rotates at 214rpm. The challenges have been significant but have allowed Converteam to develop key technology building blocks which can be applied to future HTS related projects. The design challenges, electromagnetic, mechanical and thermal tests and results are presented and discussed together with applied solutions.

Fair, Ruben; Lewis, Clive; Eugene, Joseph; Ingles, Martin

2010-06-01

186

The Environment-Power System Analysis Tool development program. [for spacecraft power supplies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Environment Power System Analysis Tool (EPSAT) is being developed to provide engineers with the ability to assess the effects of a broad range of environmental interactions on space power systems. A unique user-interface-data-dictionary code architecture oversees a collection of existing and future environmental modeling codes (e.g., neutral density) and physical interaction models (e.g., sheath ionization). The user-interface presents the engineer with tables, graphs, and plots which, under supervision of the data dictionary, are automatically updated in response to parameter change. EPSAT thus provides the engineer with a comprehensive and responsive environmental assessment tool and the scientist with a framework into which new environmental or physical models can be easily incorporated.

Jongeward, Gary A.; Kuharski, Robert A.; Kennedy, Eric M.; Wilcox, Katherine G.; Stevens, N. John; Putnam, Rand M.; Roche, James C.

1989-01-01

187

Development of High Power Lasers for Materials Interactions  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has a long history of developing high power lasers for use in basic science and applications. The Laser Science and Technology Program (LS&T) at LLNL supports advanced lasers and optics development both for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) as well as for high power lasers and optics technology for a broader range of government, military and industrial applications. The NIF laser is currently under construction with the first of the 192 beamlines being activated. When finished NIF will have an output energy of 2 MJ at 351 nm. This system will be used for studies of high energy density physics, equation of state and inertial confinement fusion. It is now generally acknowledged that the future of laser missile defense lies with solid state lasers. The leading laser technology for theater missile defense is under development within the LS&T and funded by the US Army SMDC. This high average power technology is based on a solid state laser operated in a heat capacity mode. In the concept the heat producing lasing cycle is separated in time from the cooling cycle thus reducing thermal gradients and allowing significantly greater average output power. Under the current program, an LLNL developed laser has achieved a record setting 13 kW of average power in 20 second duration bursts. We have also performed target lethality experiments showing a previously unrecognized advantage of a pulsed laser format. The LLNL work is now focused on achieving improved output beam quality and in developing a 100 kW output with diode pumping of a large aperture crystal gain medium on a compact mobile platform. The Short Pulse Laser Group of LS&T has been developing high power short pulse laser systems for a number of applications. Of great importance is petawatt (10{sup 12} Watt) and greater power output to support experiments on the NIF. We are developing a system of 5 M class output and 5 to 10 ps pulse duration for generating intense radiation for radiography, particle beam generation and eventually for a new class of fusion experiments call fast ignition. We have also built a record setting 50 watts of average output from a picosecond class laser and are using this technology for materials processing such as fine hole drilling and safe cutting of munitions. The laser science and technology program has developed and deployed a laser guide star on the Lick telescope on Mt. Hamilton and most recently on the Keck telescope in Hawaii. Our current development work in this area is focused on developing a much more compact all solid state diode pumped laser fiber system. Finally in a program originally initiated by DARPA we have developed a phase conjugated Nd:glass laser system with record setting performance and successfully deployed it for Navy and Air Force satellite imaging applications and have more recently successfully transferred it to industry for use in an emerging technology called laser peening. This laser technology is capable of 25 J to 100 J per pulse, 10 ns to 1000 ns pulse duration, 5 Hz laser. The technology has been industrially deployed and is proving to be highly effective in generating high intensity shocks that induce compressive residual stress into metal components. The compressive stress retards fatigue and stress corrosion cracking and is proving to extend the lifetime of high value components by factors of ten. This processing adds lifetime, enhances safety and can improve performance of aircraft systems. Laser peening is now being evaluated to reduce the weight of aircraft and may play a major role in the future combat system and its air transport by enabling lighter craft, longer range and greater payload. The laser peening technology is also being moved forward in NRC license application as the means to eliminate stress corrosion cracking for Yucca Mountain nuclear waste disposal canisters as well as a broad range of other applications.

Hackel, L A

2003-04-11

188

Development and Commercialization of the Lunar Solar Power System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The proposed Lunar Solar Power (LSP) System consists of pairs of power bases located on opposite limbs of the Moon as seen from Earth. The power bases collect the solar energy and convert it to beams of microwaves. The microwaves are delivered directly to moonward-facing receivers on Earth or indirectly through relay satellites in orbit about Earth (1, 2, 3, 4). The LSP System may be the only reasonable method for establishing sustainable global energy prosperity within two generations. Commercial power prosperity requires at least 2 kWe/person. For ten billion people this implies 20 TWe and 2,000 TWe-y of electric energy or ~6,000 TWt-y of thermal energy per century (5, 6, 7, 8). A brief overview is presented of a reference LSP System that supplies 20 TWe by 2050. The engineering scales and the cost and benefits of this system are described. In order to provide low cost commercial electric energy, the power bases are made primarily of local lunar materials by machines, facilities, and people deployed from Earth (1, 2, 3). In addition, lunar production machinery can be made primarily from lunar materials. Advantages of this approach, versus the reference LSP System, are discussed. Full-scale production of a LSP System will certainly be proceeded by terrestrial and lunar operation of the production machinery and a small-scale demonstration of the operational system (1). Using government funds to establishing a permanent lunar base and the associated transportation system would significantly reduce the upfront cost for the demonstration of a commercial LSP System (2). The government program would provide a legal framework for commercial development of the LSP System (3, 9). The LSP System offers the opportunity to establish a materials industry on the Moon that can produce a growing mass and variety of goods and enable new services of benefit on the Earth and the Moon (10). New priorities are suggested for civilian space programs that can accelerate the establishment of a demonstration LSP System and growing commercialization of the Moon and cis-lunar space. 1. Criswell, David R. (2001) Lunar Solar Power System: Industrial Research, Development, and Demonstration, Session 1.2.2: Hydroelectricity, Nuclear Energy and New Renewables, 18th World Energy Congress. [http://www.wec.co.ukin the Congress Papers, Discussion Sessions] 2. Criswell, D. R. and Waldron, R. D. 1993. International Lunar Base and Lunar-based Power System to Supply Earth with Electric Power, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 469-480. Pergamon Press Ltd. 3. NASA TASK FORCE. 1989 (July) Report of NASA Lunar Energy Enterprise Case Study Task Force. NASA Technical Memo 101652. 163pp. NASA Headquarters, Office of Exploration (Code Z), Washington, D.C. 20546. 4. Moore, T. (2000, Spring) "Renewed interest in space solar power," EPRI Journal, pp. 6-17. 5. World Energy Council (2000) Energy for Tomorrow's World - Acting Now!, 175pp., Atalink Projects Ltd, London. 6. Criswell, David R. (2002) Energy Prosperity within the 21st Century and Beyond: Options and the Unique Roles of the Sun and the Moon. Chapter 9: Innovative Solutions To CO2 Stabilization, R. Watts (editor), Cambridge Un. Press 7. Strong, Maurice (2001) Where on Earth are We Going?, (See p. 351-352), 419pp., Random House (forward by Kofi Annan) 8. Criswell, D. R. and Thompson, R. G. (1996), "Data envelopment analysis of space and terrestrial-based large scale commercial power systems for Earth: A prototype analysis of their relative economic advantages," Solar Energy, 56, No. 1: 119-131. 9 ILEWG (1997), Proc. 2nd International Lunar Workshop, organized by: International Lunar Exploration Working Group, Inst. Space and Astronautical Science, and National Space Development Agency of Japan, Kyoto, Japan, (October 14 - 17), 89pp. 10. Criswell, D.R. 2000 (October) Commercial power for Earth and lunar industrial development, 7pp., 51st Congress of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF). (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Paper #IAA-00-IAA.13.2.06.

Criswell, D. R.

2002-01-01

189

Duke Power Company's development of a biofouling monitoring program  

SciTech Connect

Biofouling programs at Duke Power Company (DPC) can be traced to the invasion of the Catawba River system by Corbicula in 1968. Raw water systems at Plant Allen, a coal-fired station on Lake Wylie, became heavily infested by clams during the 1970s. Development of programs was accelerated as a result of the shutdown of Catawba nuclear station (CNS) on lake Wylie in 1986 due to clam infestations in safety-related systems, increased biofouling problems at McGuire nuclear station (MNS) on lake Norman, and by the issuance of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC's) Generic Letter (GL) 89-13 (issued in 1989). Historical data were reviewed to identify pertinent questions, and a refined, multifaceted Corbicula monitoring plan was developed. This plan was implemented at CNS and MNS in 1989.

Derwort, J.E.; Gnilka, A. (Duke Power Co., Huntersville, NC (United States))

1991-11-01

190

Private power development and environmental protection in India  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses relationships between private power development in India and environmental protection in that country. The central question is whether private firms generating and distributing electricity in developing countries will do a better or a worse job in environmental protection, as a part of their overall corporate responsibility, than public-sector institutions. After reviewing the fundamental question, why it is asked, and the context in which it operates in the nation of India, this report continues with an analysis of available information, quantitative and qualitative, that can help to resolve the issues in the particular case of India. Finally, it ends with conclusions from the analysis and recommendations for reducing remaining uncertainties in the future.

Das, S.; Wilbanks, T.J.

1997-12-01

191

Advanced on-site power plant development technology program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A 30-cell, full area short stack containing advanced cell features was tested for 2900 hours. A stack acid addition approach was selected and will be evaluated on the stack at 5000 hours test time. A brassboard inverter was designed and fabrication was initiated. Evaluation of this brassboard inverter will take place in 1984. A Teflon coated commercial heat exchanger was selected as the preferred approach for the acid condenser. A reformer catalyst with significantly less pressure drop and equivalent performance relative to the 40-K baseline catalyst was selected for the development reformer. The early 40-kW field power plant history was reviewed and adjustments were made to the On-Site Technology Development Program to address critical component issues.

1984-01-01

192

Economic viability of photovoltaic power for development assistance applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper briefly discusses the development assistance market and examines a number of specific photovoltaic (PV) development assistance field tests, including water pumping/grain grinding (Tangaye, Upper Volta), vaccine refrigerators slated for deployment in 24 countries, rural medical centers to be installed in Ecuador, Guyana, Kenya and Zimbabwe, and remote earth stations to be deployed in the near future. A comparison of levelized energy cost for diesel generators and PV systems covering a range of annual energy consumptions is also included. The analysis does not consider potential societal, environmental or political benefits associated with PV power. PV systems are shown to be competitive with diesel generators, based on life cycle cost considerations, assuming a system price of $20/W(peak), for applications having an annual energy demand of up to 6000 kilowatt-hours per year.

Bifano, W. J.

1982-01-01

193

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC25  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a KBR Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results of TC25, the second test campaign using a high moisture lignite coal from the Red Hills mine in Mississippi as the feedstock in the modified Transport Gasifier configuration. TC25 was conducted from July 4, 2008, through August 12, 2008. During TC25, the PSDF gasification process operated for 742 hours in air-blown gasification mode. Operation with the Mississippi lignite was significantly improved in TC25 compared to the previous test (TC22) with this fuel due to the addition of a fluid bed coal dryer. The new dryer was installed to dry coals with very high moisture contents for reliable coal feeding. The TC25 test campaign demonstrated steady operation with high carbon conversion and optimized performance of the coal handling and gasifier systems. Operation during TC25 provided the opportunity for further testing of instrumentation enhancements, hot gas filter materials, and advanced syngas cleanup technologies. The PSDF site was also made available for testing of the National Energy Technology Laboratory's fuel cell module and Media Process Technology's hydrogen selective membrane with syngas from the Transport Gasifier.

Southern Company Services

2008-12-01

194

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Campaign TC24  

SciTech Connect

In support of technology development to utilize coal for efficient, affordable, and environmentally clean power generation, the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF), located in Wilsonville, Alabama, routinely demonstrates gasification technologies using various types of coals. The PSDF is an engineering scale demonstration of key features of advanced coal-fired power systems, including a KBR Transport Gasifier, a hot gas particulate control device, advanced syngas cleanup systems, and high-pressure solids handling systems. This report summarizes the results of TC24, the first test campaign using a bituminous coal as the feedstock in the modified Transport Gasifier configuration. TC24 was conducted from February 16, 2008, through March 19, 2008. The PSDF gasification process operated for about 230 hours in air-blown gasification mode with about 225 tons of Utah bituminous coal feed. Operational challenges in gasifier operation were related to particle agglomeration, a large percentage of oversize coal particles, low overall gasifier solids collection efficiency, and refractory degradation in the gasifier solids collection unit. The carbon conversion and syngas heating values varied widely, with low values obtained during periods of low gasifier operating temperature. Despite the operating difficulties, several periods of steady state operation were achieved, which provided useful data for future testing. TC24 operation afforded the opportunity for testing of various types of technologies, including dry coal feeding with a developmental feeder, the Pressure Decoupled Advanced Coal (PDAC) feeder; evaluating a new hot gas filter element media configuration; and enhancing syngas cleanup with water-gas shift catalysts. During TC24, the PSDF site was also made available for testing of the National Energy Technology Laboratory's fuel cell module and Media Process Technology's hydrogen selective membrane.

Southern Company Services

2008-03-30

195

Development of a small scale BIGGT power plant. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

Cratech, Inc. is progressing on a 3-phase plan to develop a one ton per hour (tph) biomass-fueled integrated-gasifier gas turbine (BIGGT) power plant. The goal is to develop economical, small scale (1--20 MWe) power plants for entities worldwide that desire to use a variety of biomass resources for fuel including those with high ash content and prone to slagging. Phase 1 included design, fabrication and operation of a 0.5 tph air-blown pressurized fluidized bed gasification unit complete with a hot gas cleanup system. The unit was fueled with cotton gin trash (CGT), a biomass resource that is high in ash and very prone to slagging. The system demonstrated production of a gas from CGT that can be maintained at a minimum chemical heating value of 130 Btu/SCF, at an outlet temperature of 1265 {+-} 15 F with a maximum particle content of 6.4 ppmw of 2.8 microns maximum particle size.

Craig, J.D.

1994-10-02

196

Development of a small scale BIGGT power plant  

SciTech Connect

Cratech, Inc. is progressing on a 3-phase plan to develop a one ton per hour (tph) biomass-fueled integrated-gasifier gas turbine (BIGGT) power plant. The goal is to develop economical, small scale (1-20 MWe) power plants for entities worldwide that desire to use a variety of biomass resources for fuel including those with high ash content and that are prone to slagging. Phase 1 has been successfully completed. Phase 1 included design, fabrication and operation of a 0.5 tph air-blown pressurized fluidized bed gasification unit complete with a hot gas cleanup system. The unit was fueled with cotton gin trash (CGT), a biomass resource that is high in ash and very prone to slagging. The system demonstrated production of a gas from CGT that can be maintained at a minimum chemical heating value of 130 BTU/SCF, at an outlet temperature of 1265 {+-} 15{degrees}F with a maximum particle content of 6.4 ppmw of 2.8 um maximum particle size.

Craig, J.D. [Cratech, Inc., Tahoka, TX (United States)

1994-12-31

197

Development Status of the Fission Power System Technology Demonstration Unit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper summarizes the progress that has been made in the development of the Fission Power System Technology Demonstration Unit (TDU). The reactor simulator core and Annular Linear Induction Pump have been fabricated and assembled into a test loop at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. A 12 kWe Power Conversion Unit (PCU) is being developed consisting of two 6 kWe free-piston Stirling engines. The two 6 kWe engines have been fabricated by Sunpower Inc. and are currently being tested separately prior to integration into the PCU. The Facility Cooling System (FCS) used to reject convertor waste heat has been assembled and tested at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). The structural elements, including a Buildup Assembly Platform (BAP) and Upper Truss Structure (UTS) have been fabricated, and will be used to test cold-end components in thermal vacuum prior to TDU testing. Once all components have been fully tested at the subsystem level, they will be assembled into an end-to-end system and tested in thermal vacuum at GRC.

Briggs, Maxwell H.; Gibson, Marc A.; Geng, Steven M.; Pearson, Jon Boise; Godfoy, Thomas

2012-01-01

198

Development Status of the Fission Power System Technology Demonstration Unit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper summarizes the progress that has been made in the development of the Fission Power System Technology Demonstration Unit (TDU). The reactor simulator core and Annular Linear Induction Pump have been fabricated and assembled into a test loop at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. A 12 kWe Power Conversion Unit (PCU) is being developed consisting of two 6 kWe free-piston Stirling engines. The two 6 kWe engines have been fabricated by Sunpower Inc. and are currently being tested separately prior to integration into the PCU. The Facility Cooling System (FCS) used to reject convertor waste heat has been assembled and tested at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). The structural elements, including a Buildup Assembly Platform (BAP) and Upper Truss Structure (UTS) have been fabricated, and will be used to test cold-end components in thermal vacuum prior to TDU testing. Once all components have been fully tested at the subsystem level, they will be assembled into an end-to-end system and tested in thermal vacuum at NASA GRC.

Briggs, Maxwell H.; Gibson, Marc A.; Geng, Steven M; Pearson, Jon Boise; Godfroy, Thomas

2012-01-01

199

ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT OF COAL-FIRED HIGH PERFORMANCE POWER SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

A High Performance Power System (HIPPS) is being developed. This system is a coal-fired, combined cycle plant with indirect heating of gas turbine air. Foster Wheeler Development Corporation and a team consisting of Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation, Bechtel Corporation, University of Tennessee Space Institute and Westinghouse Electric Corporation are developing this system. In Phase 1 of the project, a conceptual design of a commercial plant was developed. Technical and economic analyses indicated that the plant would meet the goals of the project which include a 47 percent efficiency (HHV) and a 10 percent lower cost of electricity than an equivalent size PC plant. The concept uses a pyrolyzation process to convert coal into fuel gas and char. The char is fired in a High Temperature Advanced Furnace (HITAF). The HITAF is a pulverized fuel-fired boiler/air heater where steam is generated and gas turbine air is indirectly heated. The fuel gas generated in the pyrolyzer is then used to heat the gas turbine air further before it enters the gas turbine. The project is currently in Phase 2 which includes engineering analysis, laboratory testing and pilot plant testing. Research and development is being done on the HIPPS systems that are not commercial or being developed on other projects. Pilot plant testing of the pyrolyzer subsystem and the char combustion subsystem are being done separately, and after each experimental program has been completed, a larger scale pyrolyzer will be tested at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) in Wilsonville, Al. The facility is equipped with a gas turbine and a topping combustor, and as such, will provide an opportunity to evaluate integrated pyrolyzer and turbine operation. This report addresses the areas of technical progress for this quarter. Preliminary process design was started with respect to the integrated test program at the PSDF. All of the construction tasks at Foster Wheeler's Combustion and Environmental Test Facility (CETF) have been completed in preparation for the char combustion test program, this includes installation of the char burner, and the on-line mass spectrometer. A test matrix has been defined, utilizing a statistical design of experiment (SDOE) methodology, for the char combustion program. The first phase of the CETF shakedown has been completed, and all analog devices (thermocouples, transmitters, etc.) have been calibrated.

NONE

1998-10-01

200

Toward Development and Measurement of the Interpersonal Power Construct  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests a scaling instrument that measures an individual's power in four communication situations. Shows that positive and negative personal power and reward power are three stable factors accounting for seven-tenths of the total variance. Supports the hypothesis that perceived interpersonal power varies across communication contexts. (RL)

Garrison, John; Pate, Larry

1977-01-01

201

The challenge of developing structural materials for fusion power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear fusion can be one of the most attractive sources of energy from the viewpoint of safety and minimal environmental impact. Central in the goal of designing a safe, environmentally benign, and economically competitive fusion power system is the requirement for high performance, low activation materials. The general performance requirements for such materials have been defined and it is clear that materials developed for other applications (e.g. aerospace, nuclear fission, fossil energy systems) will not fully meet the needs of fusion. Advanced materials, with composition and microstructure tailored to yield properties that will satisfy the specific requirements of fusion must be developed. The international fusion programs have made significant progress towards this goal. Compositional requirements for low activation lead to a focus of development efforts on silicon carbide composites, vanadium alloys, and advanced martensitic steels as candidate structural material systems. Control of impurities will be critically important in actually achieving low activation but this appears possible. Neutron irradiation produces significant changes in the mechanical and physical properties of each of these material systems raising feasibility questions and design limitations. A focus of the research and development effort is to understand these effects, and through the development of specific compositions and microstructures, produce materials with improved and adequate performance. Other areas of research that are synergistic with the development of radiation resistant materials include fabrication, joining technology, chemical compatibility with coolants and tritium breeders and specific questions relating to the unique characteristics of a given material (e.g. coatings to reduce gas permeation in SiC composites) or design concept (e.g. electrical insulator coatings for liquid metal concepts).

Bloom, Everett E.

1998-10-01

202

Development of high-power gyrotrons with gradually tapered cavity  

SciTech Connect

In high power gyrotrons, the parasitic modes coupled with the operating mode cannot be avoided in the beam-wave interaction. These parasitic modes will decrease the efficiency of the gyrotrons. The purity of the operating mode affected by different tapers should be carefully studied. The steady-state self-consistent nonlinear theory for gyrotron with gradually tapered cavity is developed in this paper. A steady-state calculation code including 'cold cavity' and 'hot cavity' is designed. By comparison, a time-domain model analysis of gyrotron operation is also studied by particle-in-cell (PIC). It is found that the tapers of gyrotron have different influences on the modes coupling between the operating mode and the parasitic modes. During the study, an example of 94 GHz gyrotron with pure operating mode TE{sub 03} has been designed. The purity of the operating mode in the optimized cavity is up to -77 dB, and in output waveguide of the cavity is up to -76 dB. At the same time, the beam-wave interaction in the designed cavity has been simulated, too. An output power of 120 kW, corresponding to 41.6% efficiency and an oscillation frequency of 94.099 GHz have been achieved with a 50 kV, 6 A helical electron beam at a guiding magnetic field of 3.5485 T. The results show that the power in spurious modes of the optimized cavity may be kept far below than that of the traditional tapered cavity.

Lei Chaojun [Terahertz Science and Technology Research Center, University of Electronics Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); The Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy, Langfang 065000 (China); Yu Sheng; Niu Xinjian; Liu Yinghui; Li Hongfu; Li Xiang [Terahertz Science and Technology Research Center, University of Electronics Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China)

2012-12-15

203

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Run TC09  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC09 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed gasifier designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier in air- or oxygen-blown mode of operation using a particulate control device (PCD). The Transport Gasifier was operated as a pressurized gasifier during TC09 in air- and oxygen-blown modes. Test Run TC09 was started on September 3, 2002, and completed on September 26, 2002. Both gasifier and PCD operations were stable during the test run, with a stable baseline pressure drop. The oxygen feed supply system worked well and the transition from air to oxygen was smooth. The gasifier temperature varied between 1,725 and 1,825 F at pressures from 125 to 270 psig. The gasifier operates at lower pressure during oxygen-blown mode due to the supply pressure of the oxygen system. In TC09, 414 hours of solid circulation and over 300 hours of coal feed were attained with almost 80 hours of pure oxygen feed.

Southern Company Services

2002-09-30

204

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Run TC11  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC11 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed gasifier designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier in air- or oxygen-blown mode of operation using a particulate control device (PCD). Test run TC11 began on April 7, 2003, with startup of the main air compressor and the lighting of the gasifier start-up burner. The Transport Gasifier operated until April 18, 2003, when a gasifier upset forced the termination of the test run. Over the course of the entire test run, gasifier temperatures varied between 1,650 and 1,800 F at pressures from 160 to 200 psig during air-blown operations and around 135 psig during enriched-air operations. Due to a restriction in the oxygen-fed lower mixing zone (LMZ), the majority of the test run featured air-blown operations.

Southern Company Services

2003-04-30

205

Power Systems Development Facility. Quarterly report, January--March 1996  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to evaluate hot gas particle control technologies using coal-derived gas streams. This will entail the design, construction, installation, and use of a flexible test facility which can operate under realistic gasification and combustion conditions. The major particular control device issues to be addressed include the integration of the particulate control devices into coal utilization systems, on-line cleaning techniques, chemical and thermal degradation of components, fatigue or structural failures, blinding, collection efficiency as a function of particle size, and scale-up of particulate control systems to commercial size. The conceptual design of the facility was extended to include a within scope, phased expansion of the existing Hot Gas Cleanup Test Facility Cooperative Agreement to also address systems integration issues of hot particulate removal in advanced coal-based power generation systems. This expansion to the Hot Gas Cleanup Test Facility is herein referred to as the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF). The major emphasis during this reporting period was continuing the detailed design of the Foster Wheeler portion of the facility towards completion and integrating the balance-of-plant processes and particulate control devices (PCDs) into the structural and process designs. Substantial progress in construction activities was achieved during the quarter.

NONE

1996-05-01

206

Power systems development facility. Quarterly report, January 1995--March 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to evaluate hot gas particle control technologies using coal-derived gas streams. This will entail the design, construction, installation, and use of a flexible test facility which can operate under realistic gasification and combustion conditions. The major particulate control device issues to be addressed include the integration of the particulate control devices into coal utilization systems, on-line cleaning techniques, chemical and thermal degradation of components, fatigue or structural failures, blinding, collection efficiency as a function of particle size, and scale-up of particulate control systems to commercial size. The conceptual design of the facility was extended to include a within scope, phased expansion of the existing Hot Gas Cleanup Test Facility Cooperative Agreement to also address systems integration issues of hot particulate removal in advanced coal-based power generation systems. This expansion included the consideration of the following modules at the test facility in addition to the original Transport Reactor gas source and Hot Gas Cleanup Units: (1) Carbonizer/Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Gas Source. (2) Hot Gas Cleanup Units to mate to all gas streams. (3) Combustion Gas Turbine. (4) Fuel Cell and associated gas treatment. This expansion to the Hot Gas Cleanup Test Facility is herein referred to as the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF). The major emphasis during this reporting period was continuing the detailed design of the facility and integrating the particulate control devices (PCDs) into structural and process designs.

NONE

1995-05-01

207

Experimental development of power consumption in LIPCA-C2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently a carbon/glass fiber, piezoelectric-ceramic composite, LIPCA, is being investigated for use in micro aerial vehicles, micropumps, vibration control systems, and a number of bio-inspired robotic devices. Many of these applications help demonstrate the growing trend in miniaturization that drives innovative developments in products ranging from pacemakers to cell phones. When designing products for our ever shrinking world not only must the size of the principal components of the system be taken into consideration but also the components of the system that afford functionality as a bi-product of their inclusion. To this end we are referring to the mechanical or electrical systems that provide these devices with the necessary energy to perform their tasks. In order to make efficient use of LIPCA in the previously mentioned applications, the ability to forecast power consumption is essential. In the present investigation, a method of modeling the power consumption of piezoelectric devices is presented and evaluated over a range of frequencies and voltages. Effects of variation in actuator dimension, driving voltage, and frequency are presented. Accuracy of the model is assessed and factors leading to inaccuracies are identified.

Smith, Byron F.; Goo, Nam Seo; Mossi, Karla

2007-04-01

208

Development of a high power microwave plasma beam applicator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient plasma beam applicator has been developed that utilizes countercurrent cooling techniques to operate at atmospheric pressure and at microwave powers in excess of 5 kW. The device has been operated continuously for tens of hours and shows no signs of degradation. Argon is used as the discharge gas and once initiated, the plasma is self-sustaining. The beam or jet of plasma is highly collimated with a beam diameter of 3 mm, is in excess of 250 mm in length, and has high heat capacity. It could potentially be used to melt industrial ceramics such as silica and alumina, but the immediate intended use is for sheet steel welding applications.

Gower, S. A.

2001-11-01

209

Power Electronics Being Developed for Deep Space Cryogenic Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electronic circuits and systems designed for deep space missions need to operate reliably and efficiently in harsh environments that include very low temperatures. Spacecraft that operate in such cold environments carry a large number of heaters so that the ambient temperature for the onboard electronics remains near 20 C. Electronics that can operate at cryogenic temperatures will simplify system design and reduce system size and weight by eliminating the heaters and their associated structures. As a result, system development and launch cost will be reduced. At the NASA Glenn Research Center, an ongoing program is focusing on the development of power electronics geared for deep space low-temperature environments. The research and development efforts include electrical components design, circuit design and construction, and system integration and demonstration at cryogenic temperatures. Investigations are being carried out on circuits and systems that are targeted for use in NASA missions where low temperatures will be encountered: devices such as ceramic and tantalum capacitors, metal film resistors, semiconductor switches, magnetics, and integrated circuits including dc/dc converters, operational amplifiers, voltage references, and motor controllers. Test activities cover a wide range of device and circuit performance under simple as well as complex test conditions, such as multistress and thermal cycling. The effect of low-temperature conditions on the switching characteristics of an advanced silicon-on-insulator field effect transistor is shown. For gate voltages (VGS) below 2.6 V, drain currents at -190 C are lower than drain currents at room temperature (20 C).

Patterson, Richard L.; Hammoud, Ahmad

2003-01-01

210

Preliminary design development of 100 KW rotary power transfer device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contactless power transfer devices for transferring electrical power across a rotating spacecraft interface were studied. A power level of 100 KW was of primary interest and the study was limited to alternating current devices. Rotary transformers and rotary capacitors together with the required dc to ac power conditioning electronics were examined. Microwave devices were addressed. The rotary transformer with resonant circuit power conditioning was selected as the most feasible approach. The rotary capacitor would be larger while microwave devices would be less efficient. A design analysis was made of a 100 KW, 20 kHz power transfer device consisting of a rotary transformer, power conditioning electronics, drive mechanism and heat rejection system. The size, weight and efficiency of the device were determined. The characteristics of a baseline slip ring were presented. Aspects of testing the 100 KW power transfer device were examined. The power transfer device is a feasible concept which can be implemented using presently available technologies.

Weinberger, S. M.

1981-01-01

211

Development of a high permeability cored transintegumental power transformer.  

PubMed

Circulatory support devices require 10-20 W. Currently, several devices are under development for the transmission of this power via transcutaneous transformers, with the secondary implanted subcutaneously and the primary worn externally. Because these devices are air cored, they have relatively large, bulky external appliances, poor coil to coil coupling, and result in significant stray fields passing through adjacent tissues. This article reports on the engineering design of a novel, high permeability cored transformer implanted in a transenteric configuration using an isolated intestinal pouch. Such an approach offers greater energy transmission efficiency, less heat dissipation, less stray electromagnetic energy, and greatly reduced device size. Two competing designs using this concept have been developed and tested. Each consists of the transformer, together with power interface electronics, forming a direct current (DC)/DC resonant converter. Operating frequencies are 90.2 and 14.7 kHz, respectively, with primary/secondary turns ratios of 10/10 and 11/14, respectively. In addition, data interface electronics allows communication across the transformer of up to four signals at a per channel sample rate of 10 Hz. Both designs are able to continuously transmit 25 W at an output level of 12 Vdc into a 5.8 omega load. Calorimetry tests indicate DC to DC efficiencies greater than 75% and coil to coil efficiencies greater than 96%. Total package size for the implantable portion of each device (including sensor internal interface electronics) is less than 40 ml, with a weight weight of less than 100 g. The results of short-term implantation studies have been favorable. Long-term implantation studies currently are under way. PMID:8944956

Helmicki, A J; Melvin, D M; Henderson, H T; Nebrigic, D; Venkat, R; Glos, D L

1996-01-01

212

Multi-kilowatt modularized spacecraft power processing system development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review of existing information pertaining to spacecraft power processing systems and equipment was accomplished with a view towards applicability to the modularization of multi-kilowatt power processors. Power requirements for future spacecraft were determined from the NASA mission model-shuttle systems payload data study which provided the limits for modular power equipment capabilities. Three power processing systems were compared to evaluation criteria to select the system best suited for modularity. The shunt regulated direct energy transfer system was selected by this analysis for a conceptual design effort which produced equipment specifications, schematics, envelope drawings, and power module configurations.

Andrews, R. E.; Hayden, J. H.; Hedges, R. T.; Rehmann, D. W.

1975-01-01

213

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Wholesale Power Rate Development Study Documentation.  

SciTech Connect

The Documentation for Wholesale Power Rate Development Study (WPRDS) shows the details of the calculation of the proposed rates. It contains the source data, the calculation, and the results. Section 1 contains an overview of the information used and developed in the various models used in the rate development process. Section 2 contains the documentation of the Rate Analysis Model (RAM2007). The RAM2007 is a group of computer applications that performs most of the computations that determine BPA's proposed rates. The output tables of RAM2007 show the source data, calculations (in sequence), and the results (rate charges) of the rate development process. Section 3 provides documentation of revenue forecasts for the 3-year rate test period FY 2007 through FY 2009 at both current and proposed rates and at current rates for the period immediately preceding the rate test period. Section 4 includes supporting data for rate calculations not performed in RAM2007 or revenue analyses. Each section draws data from difference sources and thus tables and/or charts are not always numbered in sequence. For purposes of this document, omitted tables will be listed as such in the Table of Contents.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration

2005-11-01

214

PLC-Based Safety Critical Software Development for Nuclear Power Plants  

E-print Network

PLC-Based Safety Critical Software Development for Nuclear Power Plants Junbeom Yoo1 , Sungdeok Cha development technique for nuclear power plants'I&C soft- ware controllers. To improve software safety, we in developing safety-critical control software for a Korean nuclear power plant, and experience to date has been

215

Development of an Organic Rankine-Cycle power module for a small community solar thermal power experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An organic Rankine-cycle (ORC) power module was developed for use in a multimodule solar power plant to be built and operated in a small community. Many successful components and subsystems, including the reciever, power conversion subsystem, energy transport subsystem, and control subsystem, were tested. Tests were performed on a complete power module using a test bed concentrator in place of the proposed concentrator. All major single-module program functional objectives were met and the multimodule operation presented no apparent problems. The hermetically sealed, self-contained, ORC power conversion unit subsequently successfully completed a 300-hour endurance run with no evidence of wear or operating problems.

Kiceniuk, T.

1985-01-01

216

Courseware development for a laboratory class in power electronics  

E-print Network

This thesis introduces a new lab kit that is uniquely suited to teach power electronics: the Power NerdKit. The Power NerdKit is a self-contained prototyping system, which is easily incorporated into other systems such as ...

Alvira, Mariano

2005-01-01

217

Development of a fuel cell power conditioner system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fuel cell is an alternative power generation method which is envisaged to be environmentally friendly and efficient. It can be an attractive solution for various “clean power” applications such as an electric vehicle. It can also be suitably used as a stand alone power generator. The fuel cell converts chemical energy into electrical energy by means of an electrochemical

K. M. Salim; Zainal Salam; Faridah Taha; A. H. M. Yatim

1999-01-01

218

Development of 26 GHz Dielectric-Based Wakefield Power Extractor  

Microsoft Academic Search

High frequency, high power rf sources are needed for many applications in particle accelerators, communications, radar, etc. In this article we present a design of a 26 GHz high power rf source based on the extraction of wakefields from a relativistic electron beam. The extractor is designed to couple out rf power generated from a high charge electron bunch train

C. Jing; A. Kanareykin; P. Schoessow; W. Gai; R. Konecny; J. G. Power; M. Conde; F. Gao; S. Kazakov; A. Kustov

2009-01-01

219

High power KrF laser development at Los Alamos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the high power laser development program at Los Alamos is to appraise the potential of the KrF laser as a driver for inertial confinement fusion (ICF), ultimately at energy levels that will produce high target gain (gain of order 100). A KrF laser system prototype, the 10-kJ Aurora laser, which is nearing initial system operation, will serve as a feasibility demonstration of KrF technology and system design concepts appropriate to large scale ICF driver systems. The issues of affordable cost, which is a major concern for all ICF drivers now under development, and technology scaling are also being examined. It is found that, through technology advances and component cost reductions, the potential exists for a KrF driver to achieve a cost goal in the neighborhood of 100 dollars per joule. The authors suggest that the next step toward a multimegajoule Laboratory Microfusion Facility (LMF) is an Intermediate Driver facility in the few hundred kilojoule to one megajoule range, which will help verify the scaling of driver technology and cost to an LMF size. An Intermediate Driver facility would also increase the confidence in the estimates of energy needed for an LMF and would reduce the risk in target performance.

McDonald, Thomas; Cartwright, David; Fenstermacher, Charles; Figueira, Joseph; Goldstone, Philip; Harris, David; Mead, William; Rosocha, Louis

220

High power KrF laser development at Los Alamos  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the high power laser development program at Los Alamos is to appraise the potential of the KrF laser as a driver for inertial confinement fusion (ICF), ultimately at energy levels that will produce high target gain (gain of order 100). A KrF laser system prototype, the 10-kJ Aurora laser, which is nearing initial system operation, will serve as a feasibility demonstration of KrF technology and system design concepts appropriate to large scale ICF driver systems. The issues of affordable cost, which is a major concern for all ICF drivers now under development, and technology scaling are also being examined. It is found that, through technology advances and component cost reductions, the potential exists for a KrF driver to achieve a cost goal in the neighborhood of $100 per joule. The authors suggest that the next step toward a multimegajoule laboratory microfusion facility (LMF) is an ''Intermediate Driver'' facility in the few hundred kilojoule to one megajoule range, which will help verify the scaling of driver technology and cost to an LMF size. An Intermediate Driver facility would also increase the confidence in the estimates of energy needed for an LMF and would reduce the risk in target performance. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

McDonald, T.; Cartwright, D.; Fenstermacher, C.; Figueira, J.; Goldstone, P.; Harris, D.; Mead, W.; Rosocha, L.

1988-01-01

221

Power Systems Development Facility Gasification Test Run TC08  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Test Campaign TC08 of the Kellogg Brown & Root, Inc. (KBR) Transport Gasifier train with a Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation (Siemens Westinghouse) particle filter system at the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) located in Wilsonville, Alabama. The Transport Gasifier is an advanced circulating fluidized-bed gasifier designed to operate as either a combustor or a gasifier in air- or oxygen-blown mode using a particulate control device (PCD). The Transport Gasifier was operated as a pressurized gasifier in air- and oxygen-blown modes during TC08. Test Run TC08 was started on June 9, 2002 and completed on June 29. Both gasifier and PCD operations were stable during the test run with a stable baseline pressure drop. The oxygen feed supply system worked well and the transition from air to oxygen blown was smooth. The gasifier temperature was varied between 1,710 and 1,770 F at pressures from 125 to 240 psig. The gasifier operates at lower pressure during oxygen-blown mode due to the supply pressure of the oxygen system. In TC08, 476 hours of solid circulation and 364 hours of coal feed were attained with 153 hours of pure oxygen feed. The gasifier and PCD operations were stable in both enriched air and 100 percent oxygen blown modes. The oxygen concentration was slowly increased during the first transition to full oxygen-blown operations. Subsequent transitions from air to oxygen blown could be completed in less than 15 minutes. Oxygen-blown operations produced the highest synthesis gas heating value to date, with a projected synthesis gas heating value averaging 175 Btu/scf. Carbon conversions averaged 93 percent, slightly lower than carbon conversions achieved during air-blown gasification.

Southern Company Services

2002-06-30

222

The introduction of space technology power systems into developing countries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Between 1978 and 1984, NASA-Lewis was responsible for the design, fabrication, installation and operational support of 57 photovoltaic power systems in 27 countries. These systems were installed in locations not served by a central power system and ranged in size from 40 W for powering street lights to 29 kW for providing power to a complete village. Several of the system projects had socio/economic studies components that provided for an assessment of how the introduction of both electricity and a novel high technology power system affected the users and their society.

Roberts, Allen F.; Ratajczak, Anthony F.

1989-01-01

223

Strategic Considerations on Development of Nuclear Power and the Associated Fuel Cycle in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The challenges China is facing in energy security are briefly discussed. Then, the development of nuclear power in China in the first half of 21 century is envisioned, and it is expected that Generation-3 PWR nuclear power plants (NPPs) would be the leading units of nuclear power in the coming 30–40 years. As part of the nuclear power program, the

Zhongmao GU; Changxin LIU; Manchang FU

2006-01-01

224

Programme A. Nuclear Power Subprogramme A.4 Technology Development for Advanced Reactor Lines  

E-print Network

Programme A. Nuclear Power Subprogramme A.4 Technology Development for Advanced Reactor Lines-Electrical Applications of Nuclear Power Project A.5.02: Nuclear hydrogen production CRP Title: Advances in nuclear power associated with fossil fuel, are driving the increased interest in nuclear-powered hydrogen production

De Cindio, Fiorella

225

Development of high efficiency thermophotovoltaics for space power applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports recent progress on thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices for space power applications. Previous investigations (Schock 1994 and Ewell 1993) indicate that the TPV approach may offer greater efficiency than conventional thermoelectric conversion. We discuss an approach based on photovoltaic (PV) devices made from ternary and quaternary III-V alloys, using dielectric and plasma filters. The objective is to develop a TPV cell and filter which is {open_quote}{open_quote}tunable{close_quote}{close_quote} to the emission spectrum of radioisotope or reactor heat sources, at temperatures in the range of 1273{endash}1473 K. An advantage of quaternary III-V semiconductors is that devices can be fabricated by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on a suitable binary substrate, such as GaSb or InAs, and the band gap and lattice constant can be adjusted independently to match requirements. Energy gaps from 0.5 to 0.72 eV can be obtained. The use of Al as one component of a III-V quaternary provides exceptional adjustability of the gap, while the use of Sb as one component reduces surface recombination velocity{emdash}enhancing collection efficiency. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Uppal, P.; Svensson, S.P.; Gill, D. [Lockheed Martin Laboratories, 1450 South Rolling Road, Baltimore, Maryland 21227 (United States); Loughin, S. [Lockheed Martin Astro Space, Mail Stop 29B12, P.O. Box 8555, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19101 (United States)

1996-03-01

226

The Potential for a Nuclear Renaissance: The Development of Nuclear Power Under Climate Change Mitigation Policies  

E-print Network

The Potential for a Nuclear Renaissance: The Development of Nuclear Power Under Climate Change and Policy Program #12;#12;The Potential for a Nuclear Renaissance: The Development of Nuclear Power Under the Earth's climate, and will continue to change it for centuries if no action is taken. Nuclear power

227

26 OUR PLANET GENERATING POWER, JOBS AND DEVELOPMENTS AndrewBrookes/Corbis  

E-print Network

26 OUR PLANET GENERATING POWER, JOBS AND DEVELOPMENTS ©AndrewBrookes/Corbis #12;Retooling economic growth and job creation. It will be up to the incoming president to marshal public and industry by Daniel M. Kammen OUR PLANET GENERATING POWER, JOBS AND DEVELOPMENTS 27 #12;28 OUR PLANET GENERATING POWER

Kammen, Daniel M.

228

Design and Development of Thermistor based Power Meter at 140 GHz Frequency Band  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Design and development of thermistor based power meter at 140 gigahertz (GHz) frequency band have been presented. Power meter comprises power sensor, amplifier circuit and dialog based graphical user interface in visual C++ for the average power measurement. The output power level of a component or system is very critical design factor. Thus there was a need of a power meter for the development of millimeter wave components at 140 GHz frequency band. Power sensor has been designed and developed using NTC (Negative Temperature Coefficient) thermistors. The design aims at developing a direct, simple and inexpensive power meter that can be used to measure absolute power at 140 GHz frequency band. Due to absorption of 140 GHz frequencies, resistance of thermistor changes to a new value. This change in resistance of thermistor can be converted to a dc voltage change and amplified voltage change can be fed to computer through data acquisition card. Dialog based graphical user interface (GUI) has been developed in visual C++ language for average power measurement in dBm. WR6 standard rectangular waveguide is the input port for the sensor of power meter. Temperature compensation has been achieved. Moderate sensor return loss greater than 20 dB has been found over the frequency range 110 to 170 GHz. The response time of the power sensor is 10 second. Average power accuracy is better than ±0.25 dB within the power range from -10 to 10 dBm at 140 GHz frequency band.

Roy, Rajesh; Kush, Abhimanyue Kumar; Dixit, Rajendra Prasad

2011-12-01

229

Wind power development in Sweden: Global policies and local obstacles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, the Swedish government adopted a national planning goal of a yearly wind power generation of 10 TWh by 2015, implying a substantial increase from the current 0.6 TWh level. In this paper, we provide an economic assessment of the potential for future wind power investments in Sweden in close conjunction with an analysis of the legal, attitudinal and policy-related

Patrik Söderholm; Kristina Ek; Maria Pettersson

2007-01-01

230

Development of the Power Generator for Series Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goals for the SHEV (series hybrid electric vehicle) such as transit bus and truck are to achieve increased fuel economy, while reducing emissions and maintaining the functionally of the heavy duty vehicle. The power generator is used as an important component of backup power systems in a series hybrid system which is one type of electric hybrid propulsion systems

U. D. Choi; K. T. Kim; Y. N. Kim; S. H. Kwak; K. M. Kim; S. D. Lee; S. J. Jang; K. Becksteard

2006-01-01

231

Development of 26 GHz Dielectric-Based Wakefield Power Extractor  

SciTech Connect

High frequency, high power rf sources are needed for many applications in particle accelerators, communications, radar, etc. In this article we present a design of a 26 GHz high power rf source based on the extraction of wakefields from a relativistic electron beam. The extractor is designed to couple out rf power generated from a high charge electron bunch train traversing a dielectric loaded waveguide. Using a 20 nC bunch train (bunch length of 1.5 mm) at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility, we can obtain a steady 26 GHz output power of 148 MW. The extractor has been fabricated and bench tested, with the first high power beam experiments to be performed in the coming year.

Jing, C. [Euclid Techlabs, LLC, 5900 Harper Rd, Solon, OH-44139 (United States); High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL-60439 (United States); Kanareykin, A.; Schoessow, P. [Euclid Techlabs, LLC, 5900 Harper Rd, Solon, OH-44139 (United States); Gai, W.; Konecny, R.; Power, J. G.; Conde, M.; Gao, F. [High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL-60439 (United States); Kazakov, S. [KEK, Tsukuba (Japan); Kustov, A. [Dynamics Software, Helsinki (Finland)

2009-01-22

232

Development of 26GHz dielectric-based wakefield power extractor.  

SciTech Connect

High frequency, high power rf sources are needed for many applications in particle accelerators, communications, radar, etc. In this article we present a design of a 26 GHz high power rf source based on the extraction of wakefields from a relativistic electron beam. The extractor is designed to couple out rf power generated from a high charge electron bunch train traversing a dielectric loaded waveguide. Using a 20 nC bunch train (bunch length of 1.5 mm) at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility, we can obtain a steady 26 GHz output power of 148 MW. The extractor has been fabricated and bench tested, with the first high power beam experiments to be performed in the coming year.

Jing, C.; Gai, W.; Konecny, R.; Power, J. G.; Conde, M.; Gao, F.; Kazakov, S.; Kustov, A.; High Energy Physics; Euclid Techlabs; KEK; Dynamics Software

2009-01-01

233

Development of 26 GHz Dielectric-Based Wakefield Power Extractor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High frequency, high power rf sources are needed for many applications in particle accelerators, communications, radar, etc. In this article we present a design of a 26 GHz high power rf source based on the extraction of wakefields from a relativistic electron beam. The extractor is designed to couple out rf power generated from a high charge electron bunch train traversing a dielectric loaded waveguide. Using a 20 nC bunch train (bunch length of 1.5 mm) at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility, we can obtain a steady 26 GHz output power of 148 MW. The extractor has been fabricated and bench tested, with the first high power beam experiments to be performed in the coming year.

Jing, C.; Kanareykin, A.; Schoessow, P.; Gai, W.; Konecny, R.; Power, J. G.; Conde, M.; Gao, F.; Kazakov, S.; Kustov, A.

2009-01-01

234

Development of 70kV, 22A DC power supply for High Power RF and microwave tubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our institute (IPR) is involved in the development of High Power RF and Microwave sources for various fusion related heating and current drive applications. All the high power RF and microwave tubes e.g. Klystron, Gyrotron tetrode etc need a high voltage DC power supply to deliver the required high power with necessary protections. To cater to the initial testing and commissioning requirements, the development of 70kV, 22A power supply is initiated. The supply ratings are chosen to meet general tube requirements i.e. Klystron, Gyrotron and Tetrode used in RF group. The supply would be a part of test facility, rather than a regular supply for use in an experiment. Hence some ripple and regulation requirements are relaxed to optimize the cost. However all protections including crowbar protection are accommodated. This supply when ready enables continuous full power testing of TH 2103D Klystrons, GLGD-82.6/0.2 Gyrotron and short time (3Sec-"ON", 120Sec-"OFF") full power testing of 1.5MW Tetrode. This paper presents analysis of requirements of various tubes, power supply rating optimization, topology selection, protection requirements and other facilities required. Remote monitoring through DAC and remote control requirement from various locations, are highlighted. Present status of development is mentioned.

Srinivas, Y. S. S.; Babu, Rajan; Makwana, Azad; Parmar, Kirit; Kulkarni, S. V.; Rf Group

2010-02-01

235

National strategies for nuclear power reactor development. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

The document assesses the potential for design innovation in three areas of nuclear power plant technology: light-water reactor systems; liquid metal reactor systems; and high-temperature-gas reactor systems. The question of how capital costs scale with unit size in nuclear power reactor systems is addressed. Small modular high-temperature-gas reactor designs are reviewed, and an electric-power-system capacity planning model that allows estimates to be made of the economic implications of construction lead time and power rating variations for utility ratepayers and shareholders is presented. The effects of industrial reorganization and structure on the economic performance of the nuclear power industry in the U.S. is explored, and options available to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for establishing the general philosophy, technical criteria, and organizational approach to the regulation of a new generation of nuclear power plants are discussed. Light-water reactor systems are determined to be the only plausible technical option if nuclear power is to figure in the capacity expanson plans of U.S. electric utilities in the near term.

Lester, R.K.; Driscoll, M.J.; Golay, M.W.; Lanning, D.D.; Lidsky, L.M.

1985-03-01

236

Development of multilayer conducting polymer actuator for power application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In late years many kinds of home-use robot have been developed to assist elderly care and housework. Most of these robots are designed with conventional electromagnetic motors. For safety it is desirable to replace these electromagnetic motors with artificial muscle. However, an actuator for such a robot is required to have simple structure, low driving voltage, high stress generation, high durability, and operability in the air. No polymer actuator satisfying all these requirements has been realized yet. To meet these we took following two approaches focusing on conducting polymer actuators which can output high power in the air. (Approach 1) We have newly developed an actuator by multiply laminating ionic liquid infiltrated separators and polypyrrole films. Compared with conventional actuator that is driven in a bath of ionic liquid, the new actuator can greatly increase generated stress since the total sectional area is tremendously small. In our experiment, the new actuator consists of minimum unit with thickness of 128um and has work/weight ratio of 0.92J/kg by laminating 9 units in 0.5Hz driving condition. In addition, the driving experiment has shown a stable driving characteristic even for 10,000 cycles durability test. Furthermore, from our design consideration, it has been found that the work/weight ratio can be improved up to 8J/kg (1/8 of mammalian muscle of 64J/kg) in 0.1Hz by reducing the thickness of each unit to 30um. (Approach 2) In order to realize a simplified actuator structure in the air without sealing, we propose the use of ionic liquid gel. The actuation characteristic of suggested multilayered actuator using ionic liquid gel is simulated by computer. The result shows that performance degradation due to the use of ionic liquid gel is negligible small when ionic liquid gel with the elasticity of 3kPa or less is used. From above two results it is concluded that the proposed multilayerd actuator is promising for the future robotic applications because it has advantages of high work/weight ratio and in-the-air operation, in addition to advantages of conventional polymer actuators.

Ikushima, Kimiya; Kudoh, Yuji; Hiraoka, Maki; Yokoyama, Kazuo; Nagamitsu, Sachio

2009-03-01

237

Development of three-dimensional passive components for power electronics  

E-print Network

As component and power densities have increased, printed circuit boards (PCBs) have taken on additional functionality including heatsinking and forming constituent parts of electrical components. PCBs are not well suited ...

Cantillon-Murphy, Pádraig J

2005-01-01

238

New Developments in High-Frequency Power Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The induction heating industry has recently introduced a new high-frequency power source, the static frequency converter. The converter uses solid-state low-loss thyristors to guide currents to the induction heating load generating high-frequency power at high efficiency. Unlike the conventional motor generator, the output frequency of the static converter is variable, being self-controlled from the induction heating load. It follows the

William E. Frank

1970-01-01

239

Development of an expert system for power quality advisement using CLIPS 6.0  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Proliferation of power electronic devices has brought in its wake both deterioration in and demand for quality power supply from the utilities. The power quality problems become apparent when the user's equipment or systems maloperate or fail. Since power quality concerns arise from a wide variety of sources and the problem fixes are better achieved from the expertise of field engineers, development of an expert system for power quality advisement seems to be a very attractive and cost-effective solution for utility applications. An expert system thus developed gives an understanding of the adverse effects of power quality related problems on the system and could help in finding remedial solutions. The paper reports the design of a power quality advisement expert system being developed using CLIPS 6.0. A brief outline of the power quality concerns is first presented. A description of the knowledge base is next given and details of actual implementation include screen output from the program.

Chandrasekaran, A.; Sarma, P. R. R.; Sundaram, Ashok

1994-01-01

240

Development of Jet Noise Power Spectral Laws Using SHJAR Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

High quality jet noise spectral data measured at the Aeroacoustic Propulsion Laboratory at the NASA Glenn Research Center is used to examine a number of jet noise scaling laws. Configurations considered in the present study consist of convergent and convergent-divergent axisymmetric nozzles. Following the work of Viswanathan, velocity power factors are estimated using a least squares fit on spectral power density as a function of jet temperature and observer angle. The regression parameters are scrutinized for their uncertainty within the desired confidence margins. As an immediate application of the velocity power laws, spectral density in supersonic jets are decomposed into their respective components attributed to the jet mixing noise and broadband shock associated noise. Subsequent application of the least squares method on the shock power intensity shows that the latter also scales with some power of the shock parameter. A modified shock parameter is defined in order to reduce the dependency of the regression factors on the nozzle design point within the uncertainty margins of the least squares method.

Khavaran, Abbas; Bridges, James

2009-01-01

241

Development and testing of improved statistical wind power forecasting methods.  

SciTech Connect

Wind power forecasting (WPF) provides important inputs to power system operators and electricity market participants. It is therefore not surprising that WPF has attracted increasing interest within the electric power industry. In this report, we document our research on improving statistical WPF algorithms for point, uncertainty, and ramp forecasting. Below, we provide a brief introduction to the research presented in the following chapters. For a detailed overview of the state-of-the-art in wind power forecasting, we refer to [1]. Our related work on the application of WPF in operational decisions is documented in [2]. Point forecasts of wind power are highly dependent on the training criteria used in the statistical algorithms that are used to convert weather forecasts and observational data to a power forecast. In Chapter 2, we explore the application of information theoretic learning (ITL) as opposed to the classical minimum square error (MSE) criterion for point forecasting. In contrast to the MSE criterion, ITL criteria do not assume a Gaussian distribution of the forecasting errors. We investigate to what extent ITL criteria yield better results. In addition, we analyze time-adaptive training algorithms and how they enable WPF algorithms to cope with non-stationary data and, thus, to adapt to new situations without requiring additional offline training of the model. We test the new point forecasting algorithms on two wind farms located in the U.S. Midwest. Although there have been advancements in deterministic WPF, a single-valued forecast cannot provide information on the dispersion of observations around the predicted value. We argue that it is essential to generate, together with (or as an alternative to) point forecasts, a representation of the wind power uncertainty. Wind power uncertainty representation can take the form of probabilistic forecasts (e.g., probability density function, quantiles), risk indices (e.g., prediction risk index) or scenarios (with spatial and/or temporal dependence). Statistical approaches to uncertainty forecasting basically consist of estimating the uncertainty based on observed forecasting errors. Quantile regression (QR) is currently a commonly used approach in uncertainty forecasting. In Chapter 3, we propose new statistical approaches to the uncertainty estimation problem by employing kernel density forecast (KDF) methods. We use two estimators in both offline and time-adaptive modes, namely, the Nadaraya-Watson (NW) and Quantilecopula (QC) estimators. We conduct detailed tests of the new approaches using QR as a benchmark. One of the major issues in wind power generation are sudden and large changes of wind power output over a short period of time, namely ramping events. In Chapter 4, we perform a comparative study of existing definitions and methodologies for ramp forecasting. We also introduce a new probabilistic method for ramp event detection. The method starts with a stochastic algorithm that generates wind power scenarios, which are passed through a high-pass filter for ramp detection and estimation of the likelihood of ramp events to happen. The report is organized as follows: Chapter 2 presents the results of the application of ITL training criteria to deterministic WPF; Chapter 3 reports the study on probabilistic WPF, including new contributions to wind power uncertainty forecasting; Chapter 4 presents a new method to predict and visualize ramp events, comparing it with state-of-the-art methodologies; Chapter 5 briefly summarizes the main findings and contributions of this report.

Mendes, J.; Bessa, R.J.; Keko, H.; Sumaili, J.; Miranda, V.; Ferreira, C.; Gama, J.; Botterud, A.; Zhou, Z.; Wang, J. (Decision and Information Sciences); (INESC Porto)

2011-12-06

242

TPV power source development for an unmanned undersea vehicle  

SciTech Connect

The thermophotovoltaic (TPV) generation of electrical power promises efficiencies that are exploitable for military and commercial applications. TPV offers a combination of unique characteristics as a power source for military Unmanned Undersea Vehicles. In civilian applications TPV technology offers the potential for lightweight, rugged, and reliable power systems that can be environmentally benign. These systems can use a variety of fuels and can be scaled up in size. TPV is truly a dual use technology in which the United States appears to have a technical lead. The focus of the current Quantum program is the maturation of the technology and the demonstration of a 10 kilowatt generator. Preliminary results of this project are presented.

Holmquist, G.A. (Quantum Group, Inc., San Diego, California 92121 (United States))

1995-01-05

243

Development of a lithium hydride powered hydrogen generator for use in long life, low power PEM fuel cell power supplies  

E-print Network

This thesis studies a hybrid PEM fuel cell system for use in low power, long life sensor networks. PEM fuel cells offer high efficiency and environmental friendliness but have not been widely adopted due to cost, reliability, ...

Strawser, Daniel DeWitt

2012-01-01

244

Power  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The space station requires an increase in power or energy of at least several orders of magnitude compared to previous space missions. With the requirement up in the range of 10 kilowatt hours, this obviiously requires the development of new technology. Although the power area is very well integrated in the spacecraft itself, it represents a diverse set of components necessary for energy conversion, electronics, and energy distribution. Considerable work is ongoing at NASA Lewis in the power devices development area, including transformers, large area solid-state chips, transistors, and fast recovery diodes. This work is oriented toward eventual application to both AC and DC power conversion approaches. In the energy storage area, there are many options available to fit into the space station representing various degrees of risk and leverage combination, such as the near-term integral-pressure-vessel nickel hydrogen battery, an advanced Ni-H2 battery concept, and the regenrative hydrogen-oxygen system utilizing essentially the Shuttle orbiter type of fuel cell.

Corbett, R.

1984-01-01

245

Real time test bed development for power system operation, control and cyber security  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The operation and control of the power system in an efficient way is important in order to keep the system secure, reliable and economical. With advancements in smart grid, several new algorithms have been developed for improved operation and control. These algorithms need to be extensively tested and validated in real time before applying to the real electric power grid. This work focuses on the development of a real time test bed for testing and validating power system control algorithms, hardware devices and cyber security vulnerability. The test bed developed utilizes several hardware components including relays, phasor measurement units, phasor data concentrator, programmable logic controllers and several software tools. Current work also integrates historian for power system monitoring and data archiving. Finally, two different power system test cases are simulated to demonstrate the applications of developed test bed. The developed test bed can also be used for power system education.

Reddi, Ram Mohan

246

Research and development of maximum power transfer tracking system for solar cell unit by matching impedance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employing the theorem that matching impedance produces maximum power transfer, the current study develops a low-cost and highly efficient “maximum power point tracker for a solar cell unit,” for the purpose of allowing a solar cell to achieve optimal power transfer under different solar intensities and temperatures. Circuit control takes a single-chip microprocessor as the core and the booster circuit

Tun-Ping Teng; Hwa-Ming Nieh; Jiann-Jyh Chen; Yu-Cheng Lu

2010-01-01

247

Airworthiness criteria development for powered-lift aircraft: A program summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A four-year simulation program to develop airworthiness criteria for powered-lift aircraft is summarized. All flight phases affected by use of powered lift (approach, landing, takeoff) are treated with regard to airworthiness problem areas (limiting flight conditions and safety margins: stability, control, and performance; and systems failure). The general features of powered-lift aircraft are compared to conventional aircraft.

Heffley, R. K.; Stapleford, R. L.; Rumold, R. C.

1977-01-01

248

Development of 13-V, 5000-A DC Power Supply with High-Frequency Transformer Coupling  

E-print Network

. Keywords-DC power supply; low-voltage and large-current; high-frequency transformer; Schottky diode in the output DC bus are required to achieve power conversion because of low frequency of utility power source of the system by enlarging their operating frequency. The most important point to develop such low- voltage

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

249

The development of a solar thermal water purification, heating, and power generation system: A case study.  

E-print Network

The development of a solar thermal water purification, heating, and power generation system: A case, none of the existing concentrated solar power systems (trough, dish, and tower) that have been the potential of an invention directed to a water purification system that also recovers power from generated

Wu, Mingshen

250

Hydrothermal industrialization electric-power systems development. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The nature of hydrothermal resources, their associated temperatures, geographic locations, and developable capacity are described. The parties involved in development, required activities and phases of development, regulatory and permitting requirements, environmental considerations, and time required to complete development activities ae examined in detail. These activities are put in proper perspective by detailing development costs. A profile of the geothermal industry is presented by detailing the participants and their operating characteristics. The current development status of geothermal energy in the US is detailed. The work on market penetration is summarized briefly. Detailed development information is presented for 56 high temperature sites. (MHR)

Not Available

1982-03-01

251

Less is more when developing PowerPoint Animations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade PowerPoint has become the medium of choice for many instructors. The software provides animation options for the emphasis, entrance, or disappearance of text and figures. Many instructors use these options regularly with the intuition that such effects enhance student learning by allowing concepts to be introduced incrementally. This research explores the impact of custom animation in

Steve Mahar; Ulku Yaylacicegi; Thomas N. Janicki

2008-01-01

252

Biomass power for rural development. Revised design report.  

SciTech Connect

The retrofit of Dunkirk Steam Station to fire biomass fuels is an important part of the Consortium's goal--demonstrating the viability of commercial scale willow energy crop production and conversion to power. The goal for th biomass facilities at Dunkirk is to reliably cofire a combination of wood wastes and willow biomass with coal at approximately 20% by heat input.

Neuhauser, Edward

1999-10-03

253

Why did the solar power sector develop quickly in Japan?  

E-print Network

The solar power sector grew quickly in Japan during the decade 1994 to 2003. During this period, annual installations increased 32-fold from 7MW in 1994 to 223MW in 2003, and annual production increased 22-fold, from 16MW ...

Rogol, Michael G

2007-01-01

254

The challenge of developing structural materials for fusion power systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear fusion can be one of the most attractive sources of energy from the viewpoint of safety and minimal environmental impact. Central in the goal of designing a safe, environmentally benign, and economically competitive fusion power system is the requirement for high performance, low activation materials. The general performance requirements for such materials have been defined and it is clear

Everett E. Bloom

1998-01-01

255

Abstract--The development of power electronics in the field of transportations (automotive, aeronautics) requires the use of  

E-print Network

1 Abstract-- The development of power electronics in the field of transportations (automotive] INTRODUCTION HE development of electronic components and circuits, as power semiconductor modules, aeronautics) requires the use of power semiconductor devices providing protection functions. In the case

256

A Participatory Approach to Develop the Power Mobility Screening Tool and the Power Mobility Clinical Driving Assessment Tool  

PubMed Central

The electric powered wheelchair (EPW) is an indispensable assistive device that increases participation among individuals with disabilities. However, due to lack of standardized assessment tools, developing evidence based training protocols for EPW users to improve driving skills has been a challenge. In this study, we adopt the principles of participatory research and employ qualitative methods to develop the Power Mobility Screening Tool (PMST) and Power Mobility Clinical Driving Assessment (PMCDA). Qualitative data from professional experts and expert EPW users who participated in a focus group and a discussion forum were used to establish content validity of the PMCDA and the PMST. These tools collectively could assess a user's current level of bodily function and their current EPW driving capacity. Further multicenter studies are necessary to evaluate the psychometric properties of these tests and develop EPW driving training protocols based on these assessment tools. PMID:25276796

Kamaraj, Deepan C.; Dicianno, Brad E.; Cooper, Rory A.

2014-01-01

257

Development of a new Solar Photovoltaic Powered Desalination Plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Electricity and fresh drink water are two essential needs for continuation of life by the ,human ,beings. There are unfortunately,a large,number,of people,on the,earth that donot,have ,access ,to a ,reliable electricity and ,fresh water. The objective of this contribution to the conference,is to present the design aspects of a ,solar photovoltaic ,(PV) energy powered desalination system, in which electricity and

A Zahedi

258

Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

1993-04-01

259

CCMR: Development of a High Power Membraneless Fuel Cell  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Fuel cells can convert the chemical energy from an electrochemical reaction into electrical energy. Typically, hydrogen gas/oxygen gas fuel cells have a proton exchange membrane (PEM) that keeps the fuel and oxidant from mixing and allows protons to travel from the anode surface to the cathode surface. By establishing laminar flow, the Abruña group has been able to eliminate the need for a PEM in a micro fuel cell. Data obtained by running 150mM NaBH4 in 3M NaOH (fuel) and 0.5 M Ce(NH4)2(NO3)6 in 1M HNO3 (oxidant) through these membraneless micro fuel cells indicate that they have much higher power density than most direct methanol fuel cells and use much less fuel. Recently, a scaled up version of these micro fuel cells was built. If this scaled up membraneless fuel cell can be successfully assembled and run using the same fuel and oxidant, then previously obtained performance data indicates that enough power should be generated to power an iPod Nano. It will also indicate that the design is scalable and is commercially practical.

Watts, David J.

2009-08-15

260

Incorporating endogenous demand dynamics into long-term capacity expansion power system models for Developing countries  

E-print Network

This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...

Jordan, Rhonda LeNai

2013-01-01

261

High power diode pumped solid state laser development at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors' recent developments in high powered diode pumped solid state lasers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are presented. Over the past year the authors have made continued improvements to semiconductor pump array technology which includes the development of higher average power and lower cost pump modules. They report the performance of high power AlGaAs, InGaAs, and AlGaInP arrays. They

R. Solarz; G. Albrecht; L. Hackel

1994-01-01

262

Innovation Approaches to Development and Ground Testing of Advanced Bimodal Space Power and Propulsion Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last major development effort for nuclear power and propulsion systems ended in 1993. Currently, there is not an initiative at either the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) or the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) that requires the development of new nuclear power and propulsion systems. Studies continue to show nuclear technology as a strong technical candidate to lead

Thomas Johnathan Hill; Cheryl Ann Noble; J. Martinell; S. Borowski

2000-01-01

263

A Methodology for Developing Simple and Robust Power Models Using Performance Monitoring Events  

E-print Network

A Methodology for Developing Simple and Robust Power Models Using Performance Monitoring Events Kishore Kumar Pusukuri UC Riverside kishore@cs.ucr.edu David Vengerov Sun Microsystems Laboratories david a methodology for develop- ing simple and robust power models using performance monitoring events for AMD Quad

Fedorova, Alexandra

264

Development of a High Power Diode Laser Welding System and Usability for Tailored Blank Processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We developed new high power diode lasers and welding system applied to automobile industry. This paper describes the developed machine concept and the possibility of replacement to high power diode laser welding for tailored blank processing which has been performed by CO2 lasers or YAG lasers.

Murakami, Kunio; Kan, Hirofumi

265

DEVELOPMENT OF ULTRASONIC TESTING TECHNIQUE TO INSPECT CONTAINMENT LINERS EMBEDDED IN CONCRETE ON NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is development of ultrasonic testing technique to inspect containment liners embedded in concrete on nuclear power plants. Integrity of containment liners on nuclear power plants can be secured by suitable present operation and maintenance. Furthermore, non-destructive testing technique to inspect embedded liners will ensure the integrity of the containment further. In order to develop the

H. Ishida; Y. Kurozumi; Y. Kaneshima

266

The 40-kw field test power plant modification and development, phase 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Progression on the design and development of a 40 KW fuel cell system for on-site installation for providing both thermal and electrical power is reported. Development of the steam reformer fuel processor, power section, inverter, control system, and thermal management and water treatment systems is described.

1980-01-01

267

Development strategies on an integrated operator decision aid support system for nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development strategies on an integrated operator decision aid support (IODAS) system are discussed by focusing attention on the importance of the operator's role for nuclear power plants. The IODAS is under development to support the operator's decision making process and to enhance the safety of a nuclear power plant by providing the plant operators with timely and proper guideline

Ki Sig Kang; Han Gon Kim; Soon Heung Chang; Hee Kyo Jeong; S. D. Park

1993-01-01

268

FOUR ESSAYS ON OFFSHORE WIND POWER POTENTIAL, DEVELOPMENT, REGULATORY FRAMEWORK, AND INTEGRATION  

E-print Network

FOUR ESSAYS ON OFFSHORE WIND POWER POTENTIAL, DEVELOPMENT, REGULATORY FRAMEWORK, AND INTEGRATION 2010 Amardeep Dhanju All Rights Reserved #12;FOUR ESSAYS ON OFFSHORE WIND POWER POTENTIAL, DEVELOPMENT their love and encouragement. I dedicate this dissertation to my parents and my sister Richa. #12;vi PREFACE

Firestone, Jeremy

269

Prospects of development of the power industry in the zone of influence of the transcontinental railroad  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examine the possibilities of developing a power industry in the zone of influence of the transcontinental railroad (TCR). Two aspects of development are studied in particular: (1) the electric power supply for construction and subsequently for the operating railroad in coordination with simultaneous provision for the needs of adjacent regions; (2) the construction of a transcontinental transmission line

1994-01-01

270

Development and Testing of a Prototype Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Power System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has developed and tested a prototype 2 kW DC grid-tied photovoltaic (PV) power system at the Center. The PV system has generated in excess of 6700 kWh since operation commenced in July 2006. The PV system is providing power to the GRC grid for use by all. Operation of the prototype PV system has been completely trouble free. A grid-tied PV power system is connected directly to the utility distribution grid. Facility power can be obtained from the utility system as normal. The PV system is synchronized with the utility system to provide power for the facility, and excess power is provided to the utility. The project transfers space technology to terrestrial use via nontraditional partners. GRC personnel glean valuable experience with PV power systems that are directly applicable to various space power systems, and provide valuable space program test data. PV power systems help to reduce harmful emissions and reduce the Nation s dependence on fossil fuels. Power generated by the PV system reduces the GRC utility demand, and the surplus power aids the community. Present global energy concerns reinforce the need for the development of alternative energy systems. Modern PV panels are readily available, reliable, efficient, and economical with a life expectancy of at least 25 years. Modern electronics has been the enabling technology behind grid-tied power systems, making them safe, reliable, efficient, and economical with a life expectancy of at least 25 years. Based upon the success of the prototype PV system, additional PV power system expansion at GRC is under consideration. The prototype grid-tied PV power system was successfully designed and developed which served to validate the basic principles described, and the theoretical work that was performed. The report concludes that grid-tied photovoltaic power systems are reliable, maintenance free, long life power systems, and are of significant value to NASA and the community.

Eichenberg, Dennis J.

2009-01-01

271

Power Hardware-in-the-loop Simulation of a Gas Engine Cogeneration System for Developing a Power Converter System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research focuses on the development scheme of a power converter in a gas engine cogeneration system using a power hardware-in-the-loop simulation. A matrix converter is adopted to substitute a conventional ac/dc/ac converter and transfers three phase electricity to single phase electricity directly. To inevstigate the interaction between gas engine-generator unit and the proposed matrix converter, a power hardware-in-the-loop simulation is carried out, in which a piece of real matrix converter is installed in the simulation loop and interfaces with the numerical model of gas engine-generator unit. Numerical models of gas engine and generator are presented and verified by experiment. The configuration of the power hardware-in-the-loop simulation is described and results are also presented, through which the practical application of matrix converter is well demonstrated.

Hong, Miao; Horie, Satoshi; Miura, Yushi; Ise, Tosifumi; Sato, Yuki; Momose, Toshinari; Dufour, Christian

272

Development of Micromachine Gas Turbine for Portable Power Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Micromachine gas turbine with centrifugal impellers of 10mm diameter fabricated by 5-axis micro-milling is under development at Tohoku University, in conjunction with Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. (IHI), Tohoku-Gakuin University, and Sankyo Seiki Mfg. Co., Ltd. The development is currently at the stage of proving the feasibility of the gas turbine cycle by component tests. Micro-combustors have been developed for

Kousuke Isomura; Shuji Tanaka; Shinichi Togo; Hideki Kanebako; Motohide Murayama; Nobuyoshi Saji; Fumihiro Sato; Masayoshi Esashi

2004-01-01

273

Power supply technologies - Keystones for space and terrestrial development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Terrestrial and space energy systems share such technical requirements as high conversion efficiencies, long service life, high reliability, and substantial adaptability to user requirements, in conjunction with growth capacity. Attention is presently given to current technological possibilities in solar energy utilization, energy storage, and such regenerative media energy-supply concepts as solar cells. Both solar-dynamic and photovoltaic solar systems are discussed; the former may operate according to the Stirling, organic Rankine, or Brayton cycles. In any of these cases, solar dynamic power systems will benefit from extensive existing experience with turbomachinery.

Fritzsche, A.; Reich, G.; Schwarzott, W.

1990-10-01

274

Literacy, Knowledge, Power, and Development--Multiple Connections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development must offer people not only release from poverty but also social esteem and political freedom. While knowledge production has exploded, its distribution and use is still limited, especially in the Third World. Literacy is the most promising means of bringing information and technology to common people in developing nations. Each country…

Bhola, H. S.

275

Concept Developed for an Implanted Stimulated Muscle-Powered Piezoelectric Generator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Implanted electronic devices are typically powered by batteries or transcutaneous power transmission. Batteries must be replaced or recharged, and transcutaneous power sources burden the patient or subject with external equipment prone to failure. A completely self-sustaining implanted power source would alleviate these limitations. Skeletal muscle provides an available autologous power source containing native chemical energy that produces power in excess of the requirements for muscle activation by motor nerve stimulation. A concept has been developed to convert stimulated skeletal muscle power into electrical energy (see the preceding illustration). We propose to connect a piezoelectric generator between a muscle tendon and bone. Electrically stimulated muscle contractions would exert force on the piezoelectric generator, charging a storage circuit that would be used to power the stimulator and other devices.

Lewandowski, Beth; Kilgore, Kevin; Ercegovic, David; Gustafson, Kenneth

2005-01-01

276

Development of a high-power lithium-ion battery.  

SciTech Connect

Safety is a key concern for a high-power energy storage system such as will be required in a hybrid vehicle. Present lithium-ion technology, which uses a carbon/graphite negative electrode, lacks inherent safety for two main reasons: (1) carbon/graphite intercalates lithium at near lithium potential, and (2) there is no end-of-charge indicator in the voltage profile that can signal the onset of catastrophic oxygen evolution from the cathode (LiCoO{sub 2}). Our approach to solving these safety/life problems is to replace the graphite/carbon negative electrode with an electrode that exhibits stronger two-phase behavior further away from lithium potential, such as Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12}. Cycle-life and pulse-power capability data are presented in accordance with the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) test procedures, as well as a full-scale design based on a spreadsheet model.

Jansen, A. N.

1998-09-02

277

DEVELOPMENT OF HTS CONDUCTORS FOR ELECTRIC POWER APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Second generation (2G) technologies to fabricate high-performance superconducting wires developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) were transferred to American Superconductor via this CRADA. In addition, co-development of technologies for over a decade was done to enable fabrication of commercial high-temperature superconducting (HTS) wires with high performance. The massive success of this CRADA has allowed American Superconductor Corporation (AMSC) to become a global leader in the fabrication of HTS wire and the technology is fully based on the Rolling Assisted Biaxially Textured Substrates (RABiTS) technology invented and developed at ORNL.

Goyal, A.; Rupich, M. (American Superconductor Corp.)

2012-10-23

278

Development of Large Current High Precision Pulse Power Supply  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

JAEA and KEK are jointly constructing a high intensity proton accelerator project J-PARC. Its main accelerator is 3GeV synchrotron. Its injection bump magnets, especially horizontal paint bump magnets, are excited by large pulse currents. Their rated currents are over 10kA and pulse widths are about 1ms. Tracking errors are required to be less than 1%. Multiple connected two-quadrant IGBT choppers are adopted for their power supplies. Their output currents are controlled by feedback control with minor loop voltage control (m-AVR). When output current of a chopper intermits at small current, its output voltage rises up and current control becomes difficult. In this paper response of m-AVR and output voltage characteristics at current intermittent region are studied and an improved control scheme is proposed. The performance is confirmed by a test.

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Koseki, Shoichiro; Kubo, Hiroshi; Katoh, Shuji; Ogawa, Shinichi

279

Factors driving wind power development in the United States  

SciTech Connect

In the United States, there has been substantial recent growth in wind energy generating capacity, with growth averaging 24 percent annually during the past five years. About 1,700 MW of wind energy capacity was installed in 2001, while another 410 MW became operational in 2002. This year (2003) shows promise of significant growth with more than 1,500 MW planned. With this growth, an increasing number of states are experiencing investment in wind energy projects. Wind installations currently exist in about half of all U.S. states. This paper explores the key factors at play in the states that have achieved a substantial amount of wind energy investment. Some of the factors that are examined include policy drivers, such as renewable portfolio standards (RPS), federal and state financial incentives, and integrated resource planning; as well as market drivers, such as consumer demand for green power, natural gas price volatility, and wholesale market rules.

Bird, Lori A.; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew H.; Wiser, Ryan H.; Bolinger, Mark

2003-05-15

280

Advanced Gas Turbine (AGT) power-train system development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technical work on the design and component testing of a 74.5 kW (100 hp) advanced automotive gas turbine is described. Selected component ceramic component design, and procurement were tested. Compressor tests of a modified rotor showed high speed performance improvement over previous rotor designs; efficiency improved by 2.5%, corrected flow by 4.6%, and pressure ratio by 11.6% at 100% speed. The aerodynamic design is completed for both the gasifier and power turbines. Ceramic (silicon carbide) gasifier rotors were spin tested to failure. Improving strengths is indicated by burst speeds and the group of five rotors failed at speeds between 104% and 116% of engine rated speed. The emission results from combustor testing showed NOx levels to be nearly one order of magnitude lower than with previous designs. A one piece ceramic exhaust duct/regenerator seal platform is designed with acceptable low stress levels.

Helms, H. E.; Johnson, R. A.; Gibson, R. K.

1982-01-01

281

Steam turbine development for advanced combined cycle power plants  

SciTech Connect

For advanced combined cycle power plants, the proper selection of steam turbine models is required to achieve optimal performance. The advancements in gas turbine technology must be followed by advances in the combined cycle steam turbine design. On the other hand, building low-cost gas turbines and steam turbines is desired which, however, can only be justified if no compromise is made in regard to their performance. The standard design concept of two-casing single-flow turbines seems to be the right choice for most of the present and future applications worldwide. Only for very specific applications it might be justified to select another design concept as a more suitable option.

Oeynhausen, H.; Bergmann, D. [Siemens KWU, Mulheim (Germany); Balling, L. [Siemens KWU, Erlangen (Germany); Termuehlen, H. [Siemens Power Corp., Milwaukee, WI (United States)

1996-12-31

282

Intellectual Property: a powerful tool to develop biotech research  

PubMed Central

Summary Today biotechnology is perhaps the most important technology field because of the strong health and food implications. However, due to the nature of said technology, there is the need of a huge amount of investments to sustain the experimentation costs. Consequently, investors aim to safeguard as much as possible their investments. Intellectual Property, and in particular patents, has been demonstrated to actually constitute a powerful tool to help them. Moreover, patents represent an extremely important means to disclose biotechnology inventions. Patentable biotechnology inventions involve products as nucleotide and amino acid sequences, microorganisms, processes or methods for modifying said products, uses for the manufacture of medicaments, etc. There are several ways to protect inventions, but all follow the three main patentability requirements: novelty, inventive step and industrial application. PMID:21255349

Giugni, Diego; Giugni, Valter

2010-01-01

283

Wind energy development and application prospects of non-grid-connected wind power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy is the driving element of world economic development. The faster development of wind power has been making more contribution for the development of renewable energy. ldquoNon-grid-connected wind powerrdquo is a new concept in the renewable energy field. Non-grid-connected wind power systems directly link wind energy into other various high-energy consumption industries, which have attracted lots of attentions and

Preben Maegaard

2009-01-01

284

Climate impacts on hydro-power development in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Viewing hydropower as a clean energy source and an important part of overall energy strategy in the years ahead, China has put priority on hydroelectric projects as part of its sustainable development strategy to reduce pollution as well as CO2 emission resulting from burning coal. Although China's hydropower exploitation potential ranks first in the world, its utilization ratio is very low at 24% by comparing with as high as 80% in developed countries. Although the economic importance of hydropower plants cannot be underestimated, their construction also has brought inevitable negative effects on the environment. Moreover, because the efficiency of operating hydropower plants is heavily dependent on precipitation condition which is very sensitive to climate variation and climate change, and the reservoirs built for hydropower plants are also discovered as one of greenhouse gases sources, the climate impact on developing mega-hydropower projects needs to be studied.

Zhou, Meili; Ye, Qian; Liu, Zhihui

2005-09-01

285

Materials Advances to Enhance Development of Geothermal Power  

SciTech Connect

In order to assure the continued development of geothermal resources, many advances in materials technology are required so that high costs resulting from the severe environments encountered during drilling, well completion and energy extraction can be reduced. These needs will become more acute as higher temperature and chemically aggressive fluids are encountered. High priority needs are for lost circulation control and lightweight well completion materials, and tools such as drill pipe protectors, rotating head seals, blow-out preventers, and downhole drill motors. The lack of suitable hydrolytically stable chemical systems that can bond previously developed elastomers to metal reinforcement is a critical but as yet unaddressed impediment to the development of these tools. In addition, the availability of low cost corrosion and scale-resistant tubular lining materials would greatly enhance transport and energy extraction processes utilizing hypersaline brines. Work to address these materials needs is underway at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and recent accomplishments are summarized in the paper.

Kukacka, Lawrence E.

1989-03-21

286

Advanced on-site power plant development technology program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A 30-cell stack was tested for 7200 hours. At 6000 hours the stack was successfully refilled with acid with no loss of performance. A second stack containing the advanced Configuration B cell package was fabricated and assembled for testing in 1985. A 200-kW brassboard inverter was successfully evaluated, verifying the design of the two-bridge ASCR circuit design. A fuel processing catalyst train was tested for 2000 hours verifying the catalyst for use in a 200-kW development reformer. The development reformer was fabricated for evaluation in 1985. The initial test plan was prepared for a 200-kW verification test article.

Kemp, F. S.

1985-01-01

287

Photovoltaics. [research and development of terrestrial electric power systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The federal government has sponsored a program of research and development on terrestrial photovoltaic systems that is designed to reduce the costs of such systems through technological advances. There are many potential paths to lower system costs, and successful developments have led to increased private investment in photovoltaics. The prices for photovoltaic collectors and systems that appear to be achievable within this decade offer hope that the systems will soon be attractive in utility applications within the United States. Most of the advances achieved will also be directly applicable to the remote markets in which photovoltaic systems are now commercially successful

Smith, J. L.

1981-01-01

288

Geothermal power development in Hawaii. Volume I. Review and analysis  

SciTech Connect

The history of geothermal exploration in Hawaii is reviewed briefly. The nature and occurrences of geothermal resources are presented island by island. An overview of geothermal markets is presented. Other topies covered are: potential markets of the identified geothermal areas, well drilling technology, hydrothermal fluid transport, overland and submarine electrical transmission, community aspects of geothermal development, legal and policy issues associated with mineral and land ownership, logistics and infrastructure, legislation and permitting, land use controls, Regulation 8, Public Utilities Commission, political climate and environment, state plans, county plans, geothermal development risks, and business planning guidelines.

Not Available

1982-06-01

289

Satellite power system: Concept development and evaluation program. Volume 3: Power transmission and reception. Technical summary and assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Efforts in the DOE/NASA concept development and evaluation program are discussed for the solar power satellite power transmission and reception system. A technical summary is provided together with a summary of system assessment activities. System options and system definition drivers are described. Major system assessment activities were in support of the reference system definition, solid state system studies, critical technology supporting investigations, and various system and subsystem tradeoffs. These activities are described together with reference system updates and alternative concepts for each of the subsystem areas. Conclusions reached as a result of the numerous analytical and experimental evaluations are presented. Remaining issues for a possible follow-on program are identified.

Dietz, R. H.; Arndt, G. D.; Seyl, J. W.; Leopold, L.; Kelley, J. S.

1981-01-01

290

"The Power of Mantras": Postcoloniality, Education and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discourse of development or modernization and of "national integration" or "nation-building" in India is inseparable from issues surrounding education and culture and their incorporation in definitions forged during colonialism. In this article I look primarily at the Kothari Commission Report (KCR) of 1964-66 and the New Policy on Education…

Poddar, Prem

2006-01-01

291

Tourism planning and power within micropolitan community development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to investigate the community planning processes associated with the development of a new and iconic attraction in a micropolitan community. The four sources of evidence in the case study research were communication with community leaders, planning documents, newspaper articles, and observations. Two hypotheses were formulated with the first phrased as planning for a proposed

William L. Obenour; Nelson Cooper

2010-01-01

292

Development of Induction Machines in Wind Power Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an overview of the development of the induction machine as a generator for wind turbines from the middle of the 20th century up to now. After a short history chapter the different energy conversion concepts are presented. At first a squirrel cage machine is direct coupled to the grid (Danish concept). To adjust the machine speed the

Stefan Soter; R. Wegener

2007-01-01

293

Development of partial oxidizer/reformer for PAFC power plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a methanol partial oxidation reformer designed to provide hydrogen to a 3 kW Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell Powerplant is discussed. The partial oxidation reformer operates on neat methanol and utilizes the fuel cell cathode exhaust stream as the oxidant.

Christner, L. G.; Steinfeld, G.

1985-11-01

294

Climate impacts on hydro-power development in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewing hydropower as a clean energy source and an important part of overall energy strategy in the years ahead, China has put priority on hydroelectric projects as part of its sustainable development strategy to reduce pollution as well as CO2 emission resulting from burning coal. Although China's hydropower exploitation potential ranks first in the world, its utilization ratio is very

Meili Zhou; Qian Ye; Zhihui Liu

2005-01-01

295

DEVELOPMENTS IN AEC SHERWOOD PROGRAM FOR CONTROLLED NUCLEAR FUSION POWER  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABS>A full-scale machine built for studies of the Astron concept for a ; fusion reactor comprises an electnon gan yielding a 200-amp electron stream, an ; induction accelerator to accelerate the electrons to 5 Mev, and a tank in which ; the electron layer forms. Energy storage banks, switches, pulse transformers, ; and modulators developed for the machine are also

Olken

1962-01-01

296

Advanced PEFC development for fuel cell powered vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vehicles equipped with fuel cells have been developed with much progress. Outcomes of such development efforts include a Toyota fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) using hydrogen as the fuel which was developed and introduced in 1996, followed by another Toyota FCEV using methanol as the fuel, developed and introduced in 1997. In those Toyota FCEVs, a fuel cell system is installed under the floor of each RAV4L, to sports utility vehicle. It has been found that the CO concentration in the reformed gas of methanol reformer can be reduced to 100 ppm in wide ranges of catalyst temperature and gas flow rate, by using the ruthenium (Ru) catalyst as the CO selective oxidizer, instead of the platinum (Pt) catalyst known from some time ago. It has been also found that a fuel cell performance equivalent to that with pure hydrogen can be ensured even in the reformed gas with the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration of 100 ppm, by using the Pt-Ru (platinum ruthenium alloy) electrocatalyst as the anode electrocatalyst of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), instead of the Pt electrocatalyst known from some time ago.

Kawatsu, Shigeyuki

297

Commercial Research and Development: Power to Explore, Opportunities from Discovery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technical and economic goals of commercial use of space are laudable, and are addressed as a high priority by almost every national space program and most major aerospace companies the world over. Yet, the focus of most organizational agendas and discussions tends to focus on one or two very narrow enabling aspects of this potentially large technological and economic opportunity. While government sponsored commercial launch activities and private space platforms are an integral part of efforts to leverage the commercial use of space, these activities are possibly one of the smallest parts of creating, a viable and sustainable market for the commercial use of space. Most of the current programs usually do not appropriately address some of the critical issues of the current, already interested, potential space user communities. Current programs place the focus of the majority of the user requirements on the vehicle payload weight and mass performance considerations as the primary payload economical factor in providing a commercial market with a stimulating price for gaining access to the space environment. The larger user challenges of transformation from Earth-based research and development approaches to space environment approaches are not addressed early enough in programs to impact the new business considerations of potential users. Currently, space-based research and development user activities require a large user investment in time, in development of new areas of support expertise, in development of new systems, in risk of schedule to completion, and in long term capital positioning. The larger opportunities for stimulating a strong market driven interest in commercial use of space that could result from the development of vehicle payload "leap ahead technologies" for users are being missed, and there is a real risk of limiting the potentially broader market base to support a more technologically advanced and economically lucrative outcome. A major driving force for strengthening the commercial space activities is not only the technological advances in launch vehicle, or newer satellites, but the myriad of enabling payloads technologies that could, as a goal, result in an almost transparent facilitation to regular CD a, -n access to space and microgravity environments by the future users from the existing Earth-based research and development organizations market segments. Rather than focusing only on developing high lift performance launch vehicles and then developing payloads to fit them, the real focus from a business model perspective should to be on the customer payloads requirements, and on designing launch vehicles and platforms systems for a space transportation and facility infrastructure to support all aspects of the business model for the user market. To harness the full potential of space commercialization, new efforts need to be made to comprehensively examine all the critical business model areas for commercial research, development, and manufacturing in space so as to identify specific products and efforts; to determine how such operations must be both similar to and different from current Earth-based activities; to evaluate the enabling technological devices, processes and efforts so that like efforts can be addressed in a synergistic fashion for maximum user cost effectiveness; to delineate the services that are both needed and can be provided by such activities; and to use this information to drive design and development of space commercialization efforts and policy.

Casas, Joseph C.; Nall, Mark; Powers, C. Blake; Henderson, Robin N. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

298

Development of Improved Burnable Poisons for Commercial Nuclear Power Reactors  

SciTech Connect

Burnable poisons are used in nuclear reactors to produce a more level distribution of power in the reactor core and to reduce to necessity for a large control system. An ideal burnable poison would burn at the same rate as the fuel. In this study, separation of neutron-absorbing isotopes was investigated in order to eliminate isotopes that remain as absorbers at the end of fuel life, thus reducing useful fuel life. The isotopes Gd-157, Dy-164, and Er-167 were found to have desirable properties. These isotopes were separated from naturally occurring elements by means of plasma separation to evaluate feasibility and cost. It was found that pure Gd-157 could save approximately $6 million at the end of four years. However, the cost of separation, using the existing facility, made separation cost- ineffective. Using a magnet with three times the field strength is expected to reduce the cost by a factor of ten, making isotopically separated burnable poisons a favorable method of increasing fuel life in commercial reactors, in particular Generation-IV reactors. The project also investigated various burnable poison configurations, and studied incorporation of metallic burnable poisons into fuel cladding.

M. L. Grossbeck J-P.A. Renier Tim Bigelow

2003-09-30

299

250 degrees C SiC High Density Power Module Development  

SciTech Connect

Taking full advantage of SiC devices, a team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the University of Tennessee and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University have designed, developed, and tested a phase-leg power module based on a high temperature wirebond package. Details of the layout, gate drive, and cooling system designs are described. Continuous power tests confirmed that our design process produced a high density power module that operated successfully at high junction temperatures.

Ning, Puqi [ORNL; Wang, Fei [ORNL; Ngo, Khai [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech)

2011-01-01

300

Constructing analytical energy functions for lossless network-reduction power system models: Framework and new developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The task of constructing an energy function is essential for direct stability analysis of electric power systems. This paper\\u000a presents a general procedure for constructing analytical energy functions for detailed lossless network-reduction power system\\u000a stability models. This paper primarily (i) develops canonical representations for lossless networkreduction power system models\\u000a and shows that such canonical representations cover existing stability models, (ii)

Chia-Chi Chu; Hsiao-Dong Chiang

1999-01-01

301

Aluminum-air power cell research and development. Progress report  

Microsoft Academic Search

An aluminum-air battery is under development with the objective of providing an electric vehicle with the range, acceleration and rapid refueling capability of common automobiles. From tested refuelable cell designs, a wedge-shaped cell was chosen for mechanical simplicity and for its capability of full anode utilization and rapid partial- or full-recharge. The cell uses tin-plated copper tracks to maintain a

1984-01-01

302

Aluminum-air power cell research and development progress report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wedge-shaped cell design, of the aluminum-air battery being developed, is mechanically simple and capable of full anode utilization and rapid full or partial recharge. To maintain constant interelectrode separation and to collect anodic current, the cell uses tin-coated copper tracks mounted on removable cassettes. Under gravity feed, slabs of aluminum enter the cell at a continuous and constant rate

1984-01-01

303

Aluminum-air power cell research and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

An aluminum-air battery is under development with the objective of providing an electric vehicle with the range, acceleration and rapid refueling capability of common automobiles. From tested refuelable cell designs, a wedge-shaped cell was chosen for mechanical simplicity and for its capability of full anode utilization and rapid partial- or full-recharge. The cell uses tin-plated copper tracks to maintain a

J. F. Cooper

1984-01-01

304

Battery power comparison to charge medical devices in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many people in developing countries cannot afford or rely on certain modes of electricity. We establish the reasonability of relying on lead-acid batteries, 9 V alkaline batteries, and lithium-ion batteries for charging low-voltage medical equipment. Based on the research and tests we conducted, we determined that using these battery types to charge medical devices truly is a reasonable solution.

Alesia M. Casanova; Andrew S. Bray; Taylor A. Powers; Amit J. Nimunkar; John G. Webster

2009-01-01

305

Development of a pulse-arc welding power supply  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new pulse-arc (PA) weld system similar to gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) was designed and developed. It replaces a previous design which has been in use by Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD), for about 20 years. The new design incorporates state-of-the-art electronics and modular design. The system was proved in with the fabrication of a laboratory prototype and one made-to-drawing unit.

Hollar, D. L.

1992-02-01

306

Photovoltaic power systems for rural areas of developing countries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Systems technology, reliability, and present and projected costs of photovoltaic systems are discussed using data derived from NASA, Lewis Research Center experience with photovoltaic systems deployed with a variety of users. Operating systems in two villages, one in Upper Volta and the other in southwestern Arizona are described. Energy cost comparisons are presented for photovoltaic systems versus alternative energy sources. Based on present system technology, reliability, and costs, photovoltaics provides a realistic energy option for developing nations.

Rosenblum, L.; Bifano, W. J.; Hein, G. F.; Ratajczak, A. F.

1979-01-01

307

Battery power comparison to charge medical devices in developing countries.  

PubMed

Many people in developing countries cannot afford or rely on certain modes of electricity. We establish the reasonability of relying on lead-acid batteries, 9 V alkaline batteries, and lithium-ion batteries for charging low-voltage medical equipment. Based on the research and tests we conducted, we determined that using these battery types to charge medical devices truly is a reasonable solution. PMID:19964250

Casanova, Alesia M; Bray, Andrew S; Powers, Taylor A; Nimunkar, Amit J; Webster, John G

2009-01-01

308

Toward the last frontier - A strategy for the evolutionary development of space nuclear power systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A number of exciting mission opportunities are being considered for the 21st century, including advanced robotic science missions to the outer planets and beyond, human exploration of the Moon and Mars, and advanced space transportation systems. All of these missions will require some form of nuclear power; however, it is clear that current budgetary constraints preclude developing many different types of space nuclear power systems. This paper reviews the specific civil space missions which have been identified, the power levels and lifetimes required, and the technologies available. From this an evolutionary space nuclear power program is developed which builds upon the experience of radioisotope thermoelectric generators, dynamic isotope power systems, and space nuclear reactors. It is strongly suggested that not only does this approach make technical and budgetary sense but that it is consistent with the normal development of new technologies.

Bennett, Gary L.

1992-01-01

309

Driver development of IFE power plant in Japan Collaborative process with industry and industrial applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The typical specifications of the laser driver for a commercial IFE power plant are (1) total energy (MJ/pulse) with a tailored 20-40 ns pulse, (2) repetition operation (˜ 10 Hz), (3) efficiency (˜ 10%) with enough robustness and low cost. The key elements of the DPSSL driver technology are under development with HALNA. The HALNA 10 (High Average-power Laser for Nuclear-fusion Application) demonstrated 10 J × 10 Hz operation and the HALNA 100 (100 J × 10 Hz) is now under construction. By using the high average power and high intensity lasers, new industrial applications are being proceeded. The collaborative process for the development of high power laser with industry and for the industrial applications is effective and essential in the development of the laser driver for IFE power plant.

Nakai, S.; Yamanaka, M.; Kitagawa, Y.; Fujita, K.; Heya, M.; Mima, K.; Izawa, Y.; Nakatsuka, M.; Murakami, M.; Ueda, K.; Sasaki, T.; Mori, Y.; Kanabe, T.; Hiruma, T.; Kan, H.; Kawashima, T.

2006-06-01

310

Power and Poverty: The Dilemma of NGO-Supported Development in Africa from a Danish Perspective  

E-print Network

Power and Poverty: The Dilemma of NGO-Supported Development in Africa from a Danish Perspective of people in Sub-Saharan Africa still lives and dies in poverty. With a public image determined by disasters of the many factors, powers and interests from micro- to mega-level that maintain the poverty and oppression

Sheridan, Jennifer

311

Development of a Low Cost 3-10kW Tubular SOFC Power System  

E-print Network

experience #12;Stack Design Cathode Air Downcomer Offgas Injectors Fuel Plenum Offgas Plenum Cathode AirDevelopment of a Low Cost 3-10kW Tubular SOFC Power System Norman Bessette Acumentrics Corporation Project Start: 4/1/2008 Project End: 9/30/2011 Percent Complete: 60% Barriers Cell Power Density Stack

312

A probabilistic assessment of large scale wind power development for long-term energy resource planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A steady decline in the cost of wind turbines and increased experience in their successful operation have brought this technology to the forefront of viable alternatives for large-scale power generation. Methodologies for understanding the costs and benefits of large-scale wind power development, however, are currently limited. In this thesis, a new and widely applicable technique for estimating the social benefit

Scott Warren Kennedy

2003-01-01

313

TOPAZ-2'' thermionic space nuclear power system and the perspectives of its development  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes characteristics of the TOPAZ Reactors for space power applications developed in the USSR. TOPAZ-2 has been shown to be useful for satellites and for lunar or Martian bases. It can be coupled with a Stirling engine. TOPAZ-3 reactor provides greater power levels while TOPAZ-4 has an improved multicell thermionic fuel element. (AIP)

Nickitin, V.P.; Ogloblin, B.G.; Luppov, A.N. (Central Design Berau of Mechanical Engineering, Leningrad, USSR (SU)); Usov, V.A. (Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy, Moscow, (USSR)) Nicolaev, Y.V. (Scientific-Industrial Association Luch'', Podolsk, (USSR)) Wetch, J.R. (Space Power Inc., San Jose, CA (USA))

1991-01-05

314

ICRF array module development and optimization for high power density  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the analysis and optimization of the proposed International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Antenna Array for the ion cyclotron range of frequencies (ICRF). The objectives of this effort were to: (1) minimize the applied radiofrequency rf voltages occurring in vacuum by proper layout and shape of components, limit the component`s surface/volumes where the rf voltage is high; (2) study the effects of magnetic insulation, as applied to the current design; (3) provide electrical characteristics of the antenna for the development and analysis of tuning, arc detection/suppression, and systems for discriminating between arcs and edge-localized modes (ELMs); (4) maintain close interface with mechanical design.

Ryan, P.M.; Swain, D.W.

1997-02-01

315

Managing environmental issues during international electric power project development  

SciTech Connect

Responsible international project developers most often view environmental matters with quite mixed emotions. Those with whom Dynalytics has worked would certainly never contemplate jeopardizing the health of anyone in the world. But while they want their projects realized, and are willing to implement reasonable requirements, they are often asked to do more than is appropriate, more than is technologically possible, and more than is financially possible. The paper discusses the following: who is in charge of environmental matters; whose environmental standards apply; the role of technology; accelerating timetables and reducing costs; documentation and applications; and post-construction requirements.

Cooper, H.W. [Dynalytics Corp., Jericho, NY (United States)

1998-07-01

316

Aluminum-air power cell research and development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An aluminum-air battery is under development with the objective of providing an electric vehicle with the range, acceleration and rapid refueling capability of common automobiles. From tested refuelable cell designs, a wedge-shaped cell was chosen for mechanical simplicity and for its capability of full anode utilization and rapid partial- or full-recharge. The cell uses tin-plated copper tracks to maintain a constant interelectrode separation and to collect anodic current. Rectangular slabs of aluminum enter the cell under gravity feed and gradually assume the wedge shape during dissolution. The feed is constant and continuous and tin/aluminum junction losses are 7 mV at 2 kA/m(2). A second generation wedge cell was developed which incorporates air- and electrolyte-manifolding into individually-replaceable air-cathode cassettes. A prototype wedge cell using replaceable cassettes was operated simultaneously with a crystallizer, which stabilized aluminate concentration and produced a granular aluminum-trihydroxide reaction product. Electrolyte was circulated between cell and fluidized-bed crystallizer, and particles of sizes greater than 0.015 mm were retained within the crystallizer using a hydrocyclone.

Cooper, J. F.

1984-02-01

317

Development and optimization of a stove-powered thermoelectric generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Almost a third of the world's population still lacks access to electricity. Most of these people use biomass stoves for cooking which produce significant amounts of wasted thermal energy, but no electricity. Less than 1% of this energy in the form of electricity would be adequate for basic tasks such as lighting and communications. However, an affordable and reliable means of accomplishing this is currently nonexistent. The goal of this work is to develop a thermoelectric generator to convert a small amount of wasted heat into electricity. Although this concept has been around for decades, previous attempts have failed due to insufficient analysis of the system as a whole, leading to ineffective and costly designs. In this work, a complete design process is undertaken including concept generation, prototype testing, field testing, and redesign/optimization. Detailed component models are constructed and integrated to create a full system model. The model encompasses the stove operation, thermoelectric module, heat sinks, charging system and battery. A 3000 cycle endurance test was also conducted to evaluate the effects of operating temperature, module quality, and thermal interface quality on the generator's reliability, lifetime and cost effectiveness. The results from this testing are integrated into the system model to determine the lowest system cost in $/Watt over a five year period. Through this work the concept of a stove-based thermoelectric generator is shown to be technologically and economically feasible. In addition, a methodology is developed for optimizing the system for specific regional stove usage habits.

Mastbergen, Dan

318

Review of 1992 industry developments. [Nuclear power industry  

SciTech Connect

The year 1992 was remarkable for a number of major events that affected the market. The key developments can be categorized in areas such as supply restrictions, legislative and political events, industry consolidations, reactor and mine closures as well as start-ups, and achievements at assorted fuel cycle operations. Clearly, the most influential event was the US uranium anti-dumping investigation, but other significant developments included Euratom's actions restricting imports of CIS-origin uranium into the European Community, continuing upheaval and evolution of the market-based economies of the CIS and central Europe, the second-most active year ever in the uranium spot market, the formation of ConverDyn and the indefinite shutdown of Sequoyah Fuels, Cogema's purchase of Urangesellschaft, passage of a US Energy Bill, China's signing of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, renewed progress on Taiwan's fourth nuclear station, formation of the Japanese fuel cycle corporation JNFL, premature closure of three US reactors for economic reasons, and several mergers and acquisitions that further consolidated the uranium and nuclear industries. As a whole, the past year will be looked back on by market participants as a year of turning point, both good and bad, in the evolution of the industry.

Not Available

1993-01-01

319

Solar cell development for the power extension package  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The PEP is a 32 kilowatt flexible substrate, retrievable, solar array system for use on the Space Shuttle. Solar cell costs will be reduced by increasing cell area and simplifying cell and coverglass fabrication processes and specifications. The cost goal is to produce cells below $30 per watt. Two and ten ohm-cm silicon cells were investigated. In phase I of the cell development program a few thousand candidate cells will be produced and evaluated for utility and quality. In phase II a large number of cells will be fabricated to verify production readiness and cell yields and costs. This schedule is compatible with PEP initial operational capability in 1984. Approximately 140,000 large area (5.9 x 5.9 cm) cells will be required for two PEP solar arrays. The status of the cell development and testing, including a radiation damage test and side-by-side comparison of candidate cell types with pre- and post-irradiation airplane calibration of outer space short-circuit current, is reported.

Baraona, C. R.; Cioni, J. L.

1981-01-01

320

Energy system development in Africa : the case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya  

E-print Network

This research used a combination of a grounded theory approach and system dynamics to study the electric power system in Kenya and to model the feedback at work in the development of the system. The ethnographic study ...

Steel, Katherine Deaton

2008-01-01

321

Needs assessment for career development programs in the Taiwan Power Company (TPC)  

E-print Network

The harmonious meshing of employee career development needs and corporate missions, goals, and objectives is a necessity for the growth and maintenance of both the individual and the organization. This study was designed to investigate Taiwan Power...

Lee, Yi-Hsuan

2005-08-29

322

Sizzling Hand Prosthesis. On the Design and Development of a Pneumatically Powered Hand Prosthesis for Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The thesis contains five chapters, which describe the design of an innovative pneumatically powered, hand prosthesis. Chapter 1, Introduction, starts with a definition of the notion prosthesis. After presenting a very brief review of the development of up...

D. H. Plettenburg

2002-01-01

323

Development of an automated efficiency and loss measurement system for high-efficiency power converters  

E-print Network

When building a high performance power converter system, characterization becomes a significant task in and of itself. This thesis addresses the development of an automated efficiency and loss measurement system for ...

Cheung, Grace M

2010-01-01

324

Adult development and the transformative powers of psychotherapy.  

PubMed

This article explores the ways in which receiving, providing, and teaching others to do psychotherapy have influenced my adult development. In my 70s, I arrived at the conviction that at every stage of adulthood, practicing psychotherapy has had a direct and causal influence on my efforts to fill my personal life with meaning, virtue, and maturity. The first section of this article focuses on the ways in which learning to be a particular kind of psychoanalytic therapist facilitated my transition into early adulthood. The middle sections describe how I have used the professional practice of psychotherapy to integrate or dissolve the boundaries between work and play, and science and art, in the everyday conduct of my life. My psychobiographical analysis concludes with some reflections on a professional failure and the compensations of being an aging therapist. PMID:24953767

Geller, Jesse D

2014-08-01

325

ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT OF COAL-FIRED HIGH-PERFORMANCE POWER SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A High Performance Power System (HIPPS) is being developed. This system is a coal-fired, combined cycle plant with indirect heating of gas turbine air. Foster Wheeler Development Corporation and a team consisting of Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation, Bechtel Corporation, University of Tennessee Space Institute and Westinghouse Electric Corporation are developing this system. In Phase 1 of the project, a conceptual

1999-01-01

326

Aluminum-air power cell research and development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The wedge-shaped design, of the aluminum-air battery being developed, is mechanically simple and capable of full anode utilization and rapid full or partial recharge. To maintain constant interelectrode separation and to collect anodic current, the cell uses tin-coated copper tracks mounted on removable cassettes. Under gravity feed, slabs of aluminum enter the cell at a continuous and constant rate and gradually assume the wedge shape as they dissolve. Voltage losses at this tin-aluminum junction are 7 mV at 2 kA/m(2). A second-generation wedge cell incorporates air and electrolyte manifolding into individually replaceable air-cathode cassettes. Prototype wedge cells of one design were operated simultaneously with a fluidized-bed crystallizer, which stabilized aluminate concentration and produced a granular aluminum-trihydroxide reaction product. Electrolyte was circulated between the cell and crystallizer, and a hydrocyclone was used to retain particles larger than 0.015 mm within the crystallizer. Air electrodes were tested over simulated vehicle drive systems that include a standby phase in cold, supersaturated electrolyte.

Cooper, J. F.

1984-12-01

327

Status of NASA's Advanced Radioisotope Power Conversion Technology Research and Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA s Advanced Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) development program is funding the advancement of next generation power conversion technologies that will enable future missions that have requirements that can not be met by either the ubiquitous photovoltaic systems or by current Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS). Requirements of advanced radioisotope power systems include high efficiency and high specific power (watts/kilogram) in order to meet mission requirements with less radioisotope fuel and lower mass. Other Advanced RPS development goals include long-life, reliability, and scalability so that these systems can meet requirements for a variety of future space applications including continual operation surface missions, outer-planetary missions, and solar probe. This paper provides an update on the Radioisotope Power Conversion Technology Project which awarded ten Phase I contracts for research and development of a variety of power conversion technologies consisting of Brayton, Stirling, thermoelectrics, and thermophotovoltaics. Three of the contracts continue during the current Phase II in the areas of thermoelectric and Stirling power conversion. The accomplishments to date of the contractors, project plans, and status will be summarized.

Wong, Wayne A.; Anderson, David J.; Tuttle, Karen L.; Tew, Roy C.

2006-01-01

328

Development of a new generation of small scale biomass-fueled electric generating power plants  

SciTech Connect

There exists a need by a large worldwide market for greatly improved small scale (1 to 20 MWe per unit) biomass-fueled power plants. These power plants will significantly increase the efficiency of generating electric power from wood and bagasse as well as convert non-traditional fuel sources such as rice hulls, animal manure, cotton gin trash, straws, and grasses to electricity. Advancing the technology of biomass-fueled power plants will greatly expand the use of this environmentally friendly sustainable 24 hr-per-day source of electrical power for industry and communities worldwide. This paper briefly describes the status of a biomass-fueled power plant under development by Cratech, Inc.

Craig, J.D. [Cratech, Inc., Tahoka, TX (United States); Purvis, C.R. [EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1995-11-01

329

Satellite power system concept development and evaluation program. Volume 2: System definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The system level results of the system definition studies performed by NASA as a part of the Department of Energy/NASA satellite power system concept development and evaluation program are summarized. System requirements and guidelines are discussed as well as the major elements that comprise the reference system and its design options. Alternative system approaches including different system sizes, solid state amplifier (microwave) concepts, and laser power transmission system cost summaries are reviewed. An overview of the system analysis and planning efforts is included. The overall study led to the conclusion that the reference satellite power system concept is a feasible baseload source of electrical power and, within the assumed guidelines, the minimum cost per kilowatt is achieved at the maximum output of 5 gigawatts to the utility grid. Major unresolved technical issues include maximum allowable microwave power density in the ionosphere and performance/mass characteristics of laser power transmission systems.

1981-01-01

330

Work Began on Contracts for Radioisotope Power Conversion Technology Research and Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA has had a history of successful space flight missions that depended on radioisotope-fueled power systems. These Radioisotope Power Systems (RPSs) converted the heat generated from the decay of radioisotope material into useful electrical power. An RPS is most attractive in applications where photovoltaics are not optimal, such as deep-space applications where the solar flux is too low or extended applications on planets such as Mars where the day/night cycle, settling of dust, and life requirements limit the usefulness of photovoltaics. NASA s Radioisotope Power Conversion Technology (RPCT) Program is developing next-generation power-conversion technologies that will enable future missions that have requirements that cannot be met by the two RPS flight systems currently being developed by the Department of Energy for NASA: the Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator and the Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG).

Wong, Wayne A.

2005-01-01

331

Development and Testing of the Glenn Research Center Visitor's Center Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Power System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has developed, installed, and tested a 12 kW DC grid-tied photovoltaic (PV) power system at the GRC Visitor s Center. This system utilizes a unique ballast type roof mount for installing the photovoltaic panels on the roof of the Visitor s Center with no alterations or penetrations to the roof. The PV system has generated in excess of 15000 kWh since operation commenced in August 2008. The PV system is providing power to the GRC grid for use by all. Operation of the GRC Visitor s Center PV system has been completely trouble free. A grid-tied PV power system is connected directly to the utility distribution grid. Facility power can be obtained from the utility system as normal. The PV system is synchronized with the utility system to provide power for the facility, and excess power is provided to the utility. The project transfers space technology to terrestrial use via nontraditional partners. GRC personnel glean valuable experience with PV power systems that are directly applicable to various space power systems, and provides valuable space program test data. PV power systems help to reduce harmful emissions and reduce the Nation s dependence on fossil fuels. Power generated by the PV system reduces the GRC utility demand, and the surplus power aids the community. Present global energy concerns reinforce the need for the development of alternative energy systems. Modern PV panels are readily available, reliable, efficient, and economical with a life expectancy of at least 25 years. Modern electronics has been the enabling technology behind grid-tied power systems, making them safe, reliable, efficient, and economical with a life expectancy of at least 25 years. Based upon the success of the GRC Visitor s Center PV system, additional PV power system expansion at GRC is under consideration. The GRC Visitor s Center grid-tied PV power system was successfully designed and developed which served to validate the basic principles described, and the theoretical work that was performed. The report concludes that grid-tied photovoltaic power systems are reliable, maintenance free, long life power systems, and are of significant value to NASA and the community.

Eichenberg, Dennis J.

2009-01-01

332

4/6/2014 Digital Manufacturing Report: Engineers Develop Microwindmills to Power Electronics http://www.digitalmanufacturingreport.com/dmr/2014-01-17/engineers_develop_microwindmills_to_power_electronics.html?layout=print 1/1  

E-print Network

4/6/2014 Digital Manufacturing Report: Engineers Develop Microwindmills to Power Electronics http://www.digitalmanufacturingreport.com/dmr/2014-01-17/engineers_develop_microwindmills_to_power_electronics.html?layout=print 1/1 Engineers Develop Microwindmills to Power Electronics January 17, 2014 | Tom Ayres Engineers at the University

Chiao, Jung-Chih

333

1/12/14 Researchers develop tinywindmills that can power your gadgets (video) | Grabzon.com www.grabzon.com/researchers-develop-tiny-windmills-that-can-power-your-gadgets-video/ 1/4  

E-print Network

1/12/14 Researchers develop tinywindmills that can power your gadgets (video) | Grabzon.com www.grabzon.com/researchers-develop-tiny-windmills-that-can-power-your-gadgets-video/ 1/4 The 17 Cutest Ways Researchers develop tiny windmills that can power your gadgets (video) January 11, 2014 admin Technology

Chiao, Jung-Chih

334

NASA's PEM Fuel Cell Power Plant Development Program for Space Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A three-center NASA team led by the Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio is completing a five-year PEM fuel cell power plant development program for future space applications. The focus of the program has been to adapt commercial PEM fuel cell technology for space applications by addressing the key mission requirements of using pure oxygen as an oxidant and operating in a multi-gravity environment. Competing vendors developed breadboard units in the 1 to 5 kW power range during the first phase of the program, and a single vendor developed a nominal 10-kW engineering model power pant during the second phase of the program. Successful performance and environmental tests conducted by NASA established confidence that PEM fuel cell technology will be ready to meet the electrical power needs of future space missions.

Hoberecht, Mark A.

2008-01-01

335

Conceptual definition of a technology development mission for advanced solar dynamic power systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An initial conceptual definition of a technology development mission for advanced solar dynamic power systems is provided, utilizing a space station to provide a dedicated test facility. The advanced power systems considered included Brayton, Stirling, and liquid metal Rankine systems operating in the temperature range of 1040 to 1400 K. The critical technologies for advanced systems were identified by reviewing the current state of the art of solar dynamic power systems. The experimental requirements were determined by planning a system test of a 20 kWe solar dynamic power system on the space station test facility. These requirements were documented via the Mission Requirements Working Group (MRWG) and Technology Development Advocacy Group (TDAG) forms. Various concepts or considerations of advanced concepts are discussed. A preliminary evolutionary plan for this technology development mission was prepared.

Migra, R. P.

1986-01-01

336

Develop and test fuel cell powered on site integrated total energy sysems: Phase 3: Full-scale power plant development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A 25-cell stack of the 13 inch x 23 inch cell size (about 4kW) remains on test after 8300 hours, using simulated reformate fuel. A similar stack was previously shut down after 7000 hours on load. These tests have been carried out for the purpose of assessing the durability of fuel cell stack components developed through the end of 1983. A 25kW stack containing 175 cells of the same size and utilizing a technology base representative of the 25-cell stacks has been constructed and is undergoing initial testing. A third 4kW stack is being prepared, and this stack will incorporate several new technology features.

Kaufman, A.; Olson, B.; Pudick, S.; Wang, C. L.; Werth, J.; Whelan, J. A.

1986-01-01

337

An integrated and modular digital modeling approach for the space station electrical power system development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An electrical power system for the Space Station was designed, developed and built. This system provides for electrical power generation, conditioning, storage, and distribution. The initial configuration uses photovoltaic power generation. The power system control is based on a hierarchical architecture to support the requirements of automation. In the preliminary design and technology development phase of the program, various modeling techniques and software tools were evaluated for the purpose of meeting the Space Station power system modeling requirements. Rocketdyne and LeRC jointly selected the EASY5 simulation software, developed by Boeing Computer Services, as a system level modeling tool. The application of the selected analytical modeling approach to represent the entire power system is described. Typical results of model predictions are also summarized. The equipment modeled includes solar arrays, dc to ac converters, resonant inverters, battery storage system, alternator, transmission line, switch gear, and system level microprocessor controls. During the advanced development phase of this program, several models were developed using this approach.

Gombos, Frank J.; Dravid, Narayan

1988-01-01

338

An integrated and modular digital modeling approach for the Space Station electrical power system development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An electrical power system for the Space Station was designed, developed and built. This system provides for electrical power generation, conditioning, storage, and distribution. The initial configuration uses photovoltaic power generation. The power system control is based on a hierarchical architecture to support the requirements of automation. In the preliminary design and technology development phase of the program, various modeling techniques and software tools were evaluated for the purpose of meeting the Space Station power system modeling requirements. Rocketdyne and LeRC jointly selected the EASY5 simulation software, developed by Boeing Computer Services, as a system level modeling tool. The application of the selected analytical modeling approach to represent the entire power system is described. Typical results of model predictions are also summarized. The equipment modeled includes solar arrays, dc to ac converters, resonant inverters, battery storage system, alternator, transmission line, switch gear, and system level microprocessor controls. During the advanced development phase of this program, several models were developed using this approach.

Gombos, Frank J.; Dravid, Narayan

1988-01-01

339

The 20 GHz GaAs monolithic power amplifier module development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a 20 GHz GaAs FET monlithic power amplifier module for advanced communication applications is described. Four-way power combing of four 0.6 W amplifier modules is used as the baseline approach. For this purpose, a monolithic four-way traveling-wave power divider/combiner was developed. Over a 20 GHz bandwidth (10 to 30 GHz), an insertion loss of no more than 1.2 dB was measured for a pair of back-to-back connected divider/combiners. Isolation between output ports is better than 20 dB, and VSWRs are better than 21:1. A distributed amplifier with six 300 micron gate width FETs and gate and drain transmission line tapers has been designed, fabricated, and evaluated for use as an 0.6 W module. This amplifier has achieved state-of-the-art results of 0.5 W output power with at least 4 dB gain across the entire 2 to 21 GHz frequency range. An output power of 2 W was achieved at a measurement frequency of 18 GHz when four distributed amplifiers were power-combined using a pair of traveling-wave divider/combiners. Another approach is the direct common-source cascading of three power FET stages. An output power of up to 2W with 12 dB gain and 20% power-added efficiency has been achieved with this approach (at 17 GHz). The linear gain was 14 dB at 1 W output. The first two stages of the three-stage amplifier have achieved an output power of 1.6 W with 9 dB gain and 26% power-added efficiency at 16 GHz.

1984-01-01

340

The alternative strategies of the development of the nuclear power industry in the 21st century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper emphasizes the urgency of scientific-and-technical and sociopolitical problems of the modern nuclear power industry without solving of which the transition from local nuclear power systems now in operation to a large-scale nuclear power industry would be impossible. The existing concepts of the longterm strategy of the development of the nuclear power industry have been analyzed. On the basis of the scenarios having been developed it was shown that the most promising alternative is the orientation towards the closed nuclear fuel cycle with fast neutron reactors (hereinafter referred to as fast reactors) that would meet the requirements on the acceptable safety. It was concluded that the main provisions of "The Strategy of the Development of the Nuclear Power Industry of Russia for the First Half of the 21st Century" approved by the Government of the Russian Federation in the year 2000 remain the same at present as well, although they require to be elaborated with due regard for new realities in the market for fossil fuels, the state of both the Russian and the world economy, as well as tightening of requirements related to safe operation of nuclear power stations (NPSs) (for example, after the severe accident at the Fukushima nuclear power station, Japan) and nonproliferation of nuclear weapons.

Goverdovskii, A. A.; Kalyakin, S. G.; Rachkov, V. I.

2014-05-01

341

100kW Energy Transfer Multiplexer Power Converter Prototype Development Project  

SciTech Connect

Project Final Report for "100kW Energy Transfer Multiplexer Power Converter Prototype Development Project" prepared under DOE grant number DE-FG36-03GO13138. This project relates to the further development and prototype construction/evaluation for the Energy Transfer Multiplexer (ETM) power converter topology concept. The ETM uses a series resonant link to transfer energy from any phase of a multiphase input to any phase of a multiphase output, converting any input voltage and frequency to any output voltage and frequency. The basic form of the ETM converter consists of an eight (8)-switch matrix (six phase power switches and two ground power switches) and a series L-C resonant circuit. Electronic control of the switches allows energy to be transferred in the proper amount from any phase to any other phase. Depending upon the final circuit application, the switches may be either SCRs or IGBTs. The inherent characteristics of the ETM converter include the following: Power processing in either direction (bidirectional); Large voltage gain without the need of low frequency magnetics; High efficiency independent of output load and frequency; Wide bandwidth with fast transient response and; Operation as a current source. The ETM is able to synthesize true sinusoidal waveforms with low harmonic distortions. For a low power PM wind generation system, the ETM has the following characteristics and advantages: It provides voltage gain without the need of low frequency magnetics (DC inductors) and; It has constant high efficiency independent of the load. The ETM converter can be implemented into a PM wind power system with smaller size, reduced weight and lower cost. As a result of our analyses, the ETM offers wind power generation technology for the reduction of the cost and size as well as the increase in performance of low power, low wind speed power generation. This project is the further theoretical/analytical exploration of the ETM converter concept in relationship to PM wind power generator applications in the 100kW and under power range. The theoretical/analytical and bench scale work focuses on simplifying the basic ETM converter topology (in terms of parts count and complexity) for the specific application of the low power PM system. The project goals and objectives were for Spellman HV will develop a 100kW prototype ETM power converter based on paralleled lower ratings converters. The proposed configuration of this prototype is a 100kW rated converter comprised of four (4) 34kW rated modules connected in parallel (the fourth converter is included to demonstrate N+1 fault tolerance). This approach is more viable as there is lower technological risk involved in developing a 34kW-rated converter than a single 100kW unit. The modular system approach should have a lower deployment and service cost over a single unit system, because of the economics of scale (smaller units at a higher volume means lower manufacturing cost) and because of improved serviceability (a non-redundant power system with one failed module will still operate at a lower power level). There is also the added benefit that greater commercial application and acceptance should be achieved by having a modular system available in which fault tolerance (N+1 or 2N) is a feature. This modular approach would allow the output power to be increased by adding more paralleled converters. Thus, the maximum output power of the overall power system is a function of the interconnection medium (the hot swap connection subsystem), rather than the ratings of a single module. The project was implemented with Spellman HV acting as the program management and production assembly and test facility; The Baker Company acting as a technical consultant and resource when required; and dtm Associates acting as the design/development resource for the hardware development of the 100kW ETM converter prototype.

S. Merrill Skeist; Richard H. (Dick) Baker; Anthony G.P. Marini; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2006-03-21

342

Assessment of the technology required to develop photovoltaic power system for large scale national energy applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technical assessment of a program to develop photovoltaic power system technology for large-scale national energy applications was made by analyzing and judging the alternative candidate photovoltaic systems and development tasks. A program plan was constructed based on achieving the 10 year objective of a program to establish the practicability of large-scale terrestrial power installations using photovoltaic conversion arrays costing less than $0.50/peak W. Guidelines for the tasks of a 5 year program were derived from a set of 5 year objectives deduced from the 10 year objective. This report indicates the need for an early emphasis on the development of the single-crystal Si photovoltaic system for commercial utilization; a production goal of 5 x 10 to the 8th power peak W/year of $0.50 cells was projected for the year 1985. The developments of other photovoltaic conversion systems were assigned to longer range development roles. The status of the technology developments and the applicability of solar arrays in particular power installations, ranging from houses to central power plants, was scheduled to be verified in a series of demonstration projects. The budget recommended for the first 5 year phase of the program is $268.5M.

Lutwack, R.

1974-01-01

343

Development of Lithium-ion Battery as Energy Storage for Mobile Power Sources Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In view of the need to protect the global environment and save energy, there has been strong demand for the development of lithium-ion battery technology as a energy storage system, especially for Light Electric Vehicle (LEV) and electric vehicles (EV) applications. The R&D trend in the lithium-ion battery development is toward the high power and energy density, cheaper in price and high safety standard. In our laboratory, the research and development of lithium-ion battery technology was mainly focus to develop high power density performance of cathode material, which is focusing to the Li-metal-oxide system, LiMO2, where M=Co, Ni, Mn and its combination. The nano particle size material, which has irregular particle shape and high specific surface area was successfully synthesized by self propagating combustion technique. As a result the energy density and power density of the synthesized materials are significantly improved. In addition, we also developed variety of sizes of lithium-ion battery prototype, including (i) small size for electronic gadgets such as mobile phone and PDA applications, (ii) medium size for remote control toys and power tools applications and (iii) battery module for high power application such as electric bicycle and electric scooter applications. The detail performance of R&D in advanced materials and prototype development in AMREC, SIRIM Berhad will be discussed in this paper.

Sulaiman, Mohd Ali; Hasan, Hasimah

2009-09-01

344

Space construction base operations in support of solar power satellite development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development of the Solar Power Satellite (SPS) system for initial operation in the late 1990's requires substantial orbital development activities in the mid-1980's leading to a key system development decision in about 1987. A manned Space Construction Base (SCB) in low-earth orbit is needed to support the SPS orbital development program. The SPS system development issues are defined, along with a candidate development program for resolving these issues. The development hardware systems of interest for the mid-1980's include: (1) a tapered linear array microwave antenna (123 x 125.6 m 'cross') with a 57-kW/rf amplitron output, which is SCB constructed and operated in low-earth orbit initially, and, subsequently, unmanned in geosynchronous earth orbit; and (2) a SCB-constructed and -operated 9 x 14.4 m planar array antenna (358 kW/rf/) powered by a 455-kWe silicon photovoltaic solar collector.

Mckhann, G. G.

1977-01-01

345

Development of gallium arsenide high-speed, low-power serial parallel interface modules: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Final report to NASA LeRC on the development of gallium arsenide (GaAS) high-speed, low power serial/parallel interface modules. The report discusses the development and test of a family of 16, 32 and 64 bit parallel to serial and serial to parallel integrated circuits using a self aligned gate MESFET technology developed at the Honeywell Sensors and Signal Processing Laboratory. Lab testing demonstrated 1.3 GHz clock rates at a power of 300 mW. This work was accomplished under contract number NAS3-24676.

1988-01-01

346

New challenges to power system planning and operation of smart grid development in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future development trend of electric power grid is smart grid, which includes such features as secure and reliable, efficient and economical, clean and green, flexible and compatible, open and interactive, integrated and so on. The concept and characteristics of smart grid are introduced in this paper. On the basis of practical national situation, the development plans of smart grid

Zhang Ruihua; Du Yumei; Yuhong Liu

2010-01-01

347

Development of a Publications and Conferences Data Base in the Mexican Electric Power Research Institute.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development by the Mexican Electric Power Research Institute (Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas or IIE) over a 10-year period of a publications and conferences database (PCDB) of research and development output of the institute. The paper begins by listing the objectives of the database and describing data coverage…

Ripoll, C. Lopez Cerdan; And Others

348

110Kv. Transmission Line for Oak Grove Development of Portland Railway, Light and Power Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper covers the design of the 110-kv. transmission line to transmit energy from the new Oak Grove development of the Portland Railway, Light and Power Company to the city of Portland, Oregon, a distance of 54 miles. The company now has three hydroelectric developments aggregating 52,000 kw. supplied from the same general watershed from which energy is transmitted to

H. R. Wakeman; W. H. Lines

1923-01-01

349

Training for Rural Development: Harnessing the power of community groups Collett, K.L.  

E-print Network

agricole 1. INTRODUCTION Women now make up the majority of the agricultural sector in developing countries inefficient and has constrained agricultural growth (Udry et al, 1995; World Bank & IBRD, 2009). The needTraining for Rural Development: Harnessing the power of community groups Collett, K.L. ISDA 2010

Boyer, Edmond

350

Development of Open Source Software for Power Market Research: The AMES Test Bed  

E-print Network

1 Development of Open Source Software for Power Market Research: The AMES Test Bed Hongyan Li, Student Member, IEEE, and Leigh Tesfatsion, Member, IEEE Abstract--Open Source Software (OSS) expresses the idea that developers should be able to license the publication of their software in a manner permitting

Tesfatsion, Leigh

351

Career Adaptability Development in Adolescence: Multiple Predictors and Effect on Sense of Power and Life Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal panel study investigated predictors of career adaptability development and its effect on development of sense of power and experience of life satisfaction among 330 Swiss eighth graders. A multivariate measure of career adaptability consisting of career choice readiness, planning, exploration, and confidence was applied. Based on…

Hirschi, Andreas

2009-01-01

352

Advances and challenges in the development of power-generation systems at small scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The miniaturization of electro-mechanical devices, and the resulting need for micro-power generation (milliwatts to watts) with low weight, long life devices, has lead to the recent development of the field of micro-scale combustion and power generation. The primary objective of this new field is to leverage the high energy density of fuels, specifically liquid hydrocarbon fuels relative to batteries and

David C. Walther; Jeongmin Ahn

2011-01-01

353

Development of a homopolar electrical machine for high power density high speed applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high speed homopolar machine (HSHM) is investigated as a conceptual high speed electrical machine in pursuit of higher power-densities within a rated power range of up to 100 kW and speeds of up to 100000 rpm. The HSHM's topology is complex and essentially a 3D task. However, a simplified dimensioning methodology is developed and implemented for the investigation. Feasible

J. A. N. Msekela; P. N. Materu; A. H. Nzali

1996-01-01

354

Developing Low-Power Transceiver Technologies for In Situ Communication Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

For future deep-space missions, signiflcant reductions in the mass and power re- quirements for short-range telecommunication systems will be critical in enabling a wide variety of new mission concepts. These possibilities include penetrators, gliders, miniature rovers, balloons, and sensor networks. The recent develop- ment activity reported in this article has focused on the design of ultra-low-mass and -power transceiver systems

N. Lay; C. Cheetham; H. Mojaradi; J. Neal

2001-01-01

355

Development of a microcontroller-based, photovoltaic maximum power point tracking control system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is used in photovoltaic (PV) systems to maximize the photovoltaic array output power, irrespective of the temperature and irradiation conditions and of the load electrical characteristics. A new MPPT system has been developed, consisting of a buck-type DC\\/DC converter, which is controlled by a microcontroller-based unit. The main difference between the method used in the

Eftichios Koutroulis; Kostas Kalaitzakis; Nicholas C. Voulgaris

2001-01-01

356

About the strategy for development of the Russian power engineering (after ten years)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The situation that arose in the Russian power industry after restructuring the RAO UES of Russia is briefly analyzed. Special emphasis is placed on the fact that it is almost impossible to introduce innovations. Insolvency of directly copying foreign trends in development of power engineering is demonstrated. Several particular proposals aimed at improving the existing situation are stated that suggest raising the role of the State in managing the energy sector of the national economy.

Batenin, V. M.; Zeigarnik, Yu. A.; Maslennikov, V. M.

2012-04-01

357

Status report on developments for the main components of a high-peak power FEL  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Components have been designed to reach high-peak powers and high efficiencies with a FEL. The components include a photoinjector using an RF gun cavity at 144 MHz to produce electron bunches, a 433-MHz 3-cell cavity powered by a new 6 MW peak power and 200 microsec pulse duration klystron, and a tapered hybrid wiggler using permanent magnets and pulsed coils for online fine tuning. Simulation codes have also been developed to follow electron bunches from the cathode down through the injector, the accelerator, and the transport system.

Joly, Serge; Dei-Cas, Renato; Balleyguier, Pascal; Bois, Robert; Bonetti, Claude

1989-12-01

358

Development of a model of on-board PEMFC powered locomotive with a metal hydride cylinder  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a phase-zero evaluation case of installing on-off-board hybrid powered Electric Motor Vehicle (EMV) in existing and new local line and reports development of a model fuel cell powered locomotive. EMV such as electric car and locomotive are a new conceptual EMV using hybrid power between off-board substation and on-board Regenerative Fuel Cell (RFC) power system with Metal Hydride (MH) stored hydrogen generated with water electrolyzer by off-board surplus power. In this study, it is estimated a possibility to close power gap over 30% in placing the new conceptual vehicle. The Locomotive is a 110 cm long locomotive powered by a 20 W PEMFC configured with 20 cells and supplies with about 2 g hydrogen, from a cylinder of 100 g metal hydride, and natural convection air (O{sub 2}). Measuring 50 cm (W), 50 cm (H), and weighting 25.8 kgf, the locomotive has a permanent magnet motor with a rated power 38 W (12 V, 3 A) and ran on railway that has a gauge of 126 mm (3 feet 6 inches/8.5 = 4.94 inches), a length of 100 m. The performance of this train was acceleration of 0.5 m/s, cruising speed of 4.1 m/s at traction force of 15.8 N (1.6 kgf), average rolling friction of 5 N (460 gf).

Hasegawa, H.; Ohki, Y. [Railway Technical Research Inst., Kokubunji, Tokyo (Japan). Prototype Manufacturing Center

1995-12-31

359

High power diode pumped solid state laser development at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The authors recent developments in high powered diode pumped solid state lasers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Over the past year the authors have made continued improvements to semiconductor pump array technology which includes the development of higher average power and lower cost pump modules. They report the performance of high power AlGaAs, InGaAs, and AlGaInP arrays. They also report on improvement to the integrated micro-optics designs in conjunction with lensing duct technology which gives rise to very high performance end pumping designs for solid state lasers which have major advantages which they detail. Substantial progress on beam quality improvements to near the diffraction limit at very high power have also been made and will be reported. They also will discuss recent experiments on high power non-linear materials for q-switches, harmonic converters, and parametric oscillators. Advances in diode pumped devices at LLNL which include tunable Cr:LiSrAlF{sub 6}, mid-IR Er:YAG, holmium based lasers and other developments will also be outlined. Concepts for delivering up to 30 kilowatts of average power from a DPSSL oscillator will be described.

Solarz, R.; Albrecht, G.; Hackel, L. [and others

1994-03-01

360

High power diode pumped solid state laser development at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors' recent developments in high powered diode pumped solid state lasers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are presented. Over the past year the authors have made continued improvements to semiconductor pump array technology which includes the development of higher average power and lower cost pump modules. They report the performance of high power AlGaAs, InGaAs, and AlGaInP arrays. They also report on improvement to the integrated micro-optics designs in conjunction with lensing duct technology which gives rise to very high performance end pumping designs for solid state lasers which have major advantages which they detail. Substantial progress on beam quality improvements to near the diffraction limit at very high power have also been made and will be reported. They also will discuss recent experiments on high power non-linear materials for q-switches, harmonic converters, and parametric oscillators. Advances in diode pumped devices at LLNL which include tunable Cr:LiSrAlF6, mid-IR Er:YAG, holmium based lasers and other developments will also be outlined. Concepts for delivering up to 30 kilowatts of average power from a DPSSL oscillator will be described.

Solarz, R.; Albrecht, G.; Hackel, L.

1994-03-01

361

Development of a rotary power transformer and inverter drive for spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many future satellites and spacecraft with spun and despun configurations will require the transfer of power across rotating interfaces in lieu of slip-rings and/or flexures. This is particularly true of spacecraft that have to demonstrate a long life expectancy. The rotary transformer has the desirable characteristics of high reliability and low noise, which qualify it as a potential replacement for slip rings. Development of a rotary power transformer follows the successful completion of a task to develop rotary signal-level transformers for the Galileo Spacecraft Project. The physical configuration of a rotary power transformer has a significant effect on its magnetic and electrical characteristics and therefore impacts the design of the dc/ac inverter driver. Important characteristics addressed during this development effort include: operating frequency, efficiency, transformer gap size, leakage inductance, and leakage flux. A breadboard inverter and rotary transformer were designed, fabricated and tested.

Mclyman, W. T.; Bridgeforth, A. O.

1983-01-01

362

NASA's PEM Fuel Cell Power Plant Development Program for Space Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA embarked on a PEM fuel cell power plant development program beginning in 2001. This five-year program was conducted by a three-center NASA team of Glenn Research Center (lead), Johnson Space Center, and Kennedy Space Center. The program initially was aimed at developing hardware for a Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) application, but more recently had shifted to applications supporting the NASA Exploration Program. The first phase of the development effort, to develop breadboard hardware in the 1-5 kW power range, was conducted by two competing vendors. The second phase of the effort, to develop Engineering Model hardware at the 10 kW power level, was conducted by the winning vendor from the first phase of the effort. Both breadboard units and the single engineering model power plant were delivered to NASA for independent testing. This poster presentation will present a summary of both phases of the development effort, along with a discussion of test results of the PEM fuel cell engineering model under simulated mission conditions.

Hoberecht, Mark

2006-01-01

363

High-Power Hall Propulsion Development at NASA Glenn Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Office of the Chief Technologist Game Changing Division is sponsoring the development and testing of enabling technologies to achieve efficient and reliable human space exploration. High-power solar electric propulsion has been proposed by NASA's Human Exploration Framework Team as an option to achieve these ambitious missions to near Earth objects. NASA Glenn Research Center (NASA Glenn) is leading the development of mission concepts for a solar electric propulsion Technical Demonstration Mission. The mission concepts are highlighted in this paper but are detailed in a companion paper. There are also multiple projects that are developing technologies to support a demonstration mission and are also extensible to NASA's goals of human space exploration. Specifically, the In-Space Propulsion technology development project at NASA Glenn has a number of tasks related to high-power Hall thrusters including performance evaluation of existing Hall thrusters; performing detailed internal discharge chamber, near-field, and far-field plasma measurements; performing detailed physics-based modeling with the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Hall2De code; performing thermal and structural modeling; and developing high-power efficient discharge modules for power processing. This paper summarizes the various technology development tasks and progress made to date

Kamhawi, Hani; Manzella, David H.; Smith, Timothy D.; Schmidt, George R.

2014-01-01

364

Analysis and development of fourth order LCLC resonant based capacitor charging power supply for pulse power applications.  

PubMed

A fourth order (LCLC) resonant converter based capacitor charging power supply (CCPS) is designed and developed for pulse power applications. Resonant converters are preferred t utilize soft switching techniques such as zero current switching (ZCS) and zero voltage switching (ZVS). An attempt has been made to overcome the disadvantages in 2nd and 3rd resonant converter topologies; hence a fourth order resonant topology is used in this paper for CCPS application. In this paper a novel fourth order LCLC based resonant converter has been explored and mathematical analysis carried out to calculate load independent constant current. This topology provides load independent constant current at switching frequency (fs) equal to resonant frequency (fr). By changing switching condition (on time and dead time) this topology has both soft switching techniques such as ZCS and ZVS for better switching action to improve the converter efficiency. This novel technique has special features such as low peak current through switches, DC blocking for transformer, utilizing transformer leakage inductance as resonant component. A prototype has been developed and tested successfully to charge a 100 ?F capacitor to 200 V. PMID:24007087

Naresh, P; Hitesh, C; Patel, A; Kolge, T; Sharma, Archana; Mittal, K C

2013-08-01

365

Analysis and development of fourth order LCLC resonant based capacitor charging power supply for pulse power applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A fourth order (LCLC) resonant converter based capacitor charging power supply (CCPS) is designed and developed for pulse power applications. Resonant converters are preferred t utilize soft switching techniques such as zero current switching (ZCS) and zero voltage switching (ZVS). An attempt has been made to overcome the disadvantages in 2nd and 3rd resonant converter topologies; hence a fourth order resonant topology is used in this paper for CCPS application. In this paper a novel fourth order LCLC based resonant converter has been explored and mathematical analysis carried out to calculate load independent constant current. This topology provides load independent constant current at switching frequency (fs) equal to resonant frequency (fr). By changing switching condition (on time and dead time) this topology has both soft switching techniques such as ZCS and ZVS for better switching action to improve the converter efficiency. This novel technique has special features such as low peak current through switches, DC blocking for transformer, utilizing transformer leakage inductance as resonant component. A prototype has been developed and tested successfully to charge a 100 ?F capacitor to 200 V.

Naresh, P.; Hitesh, C.; Patel, A.; Kolge, T.; Sharma, Archana; Mittal, K. C.

2013-08-01

366

Biomass power for rural development. Quarterly report, July 3--December 4, 1997  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes progress in several projects related to biomass power. These include switchgrass conversion development; switchgrass gasification development; production activities including soil studies, carbon studies, switchgrass production economics, watershed impacts, and prairie lands bio-products; information and education; and geographical information system. Attachments describe switchgrass co-firing test; switchgrass production in Iowa; cooperative agreements with ISU; Rathbun Lake watershed project; newspaper articles and information publications; Secretary of Agriculture Glickman`s visit; integration of technical aspects of switchgrass production in Iowa; and evaluation of an integrated biomass gasification/fuel cell power plant.

Cooper, J.T.

1998-03-01

367

Developing a Computerized Aging Management System for Concrete Structures in Finnish Nuclear Power Plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Finland has four nuclear reactors units in two power plants. The first unit started operation in 1977 and in the early 1980's all four units were in use. During the last few years the aging management of the Nuclear Power Plant's (NPP) concrete structures has grown an important issue because the existing structures are reaching the end of their licensed operating lifetime (about 40 years). Therefore the nuclear power companies are developing aging management systems to avoid premature degradation of NPP facilities and to be able to extend their operating lifetime. This paper is about the development of a computerized ageing management system for the nuclear power plants concrete structures. The computerized ageing management system is built upon central database and implementation applications. It will assist the personnel of power companies to implement the aging management activities at different phases of the lifetime of a power plant. It will provide systematic methods for planning, surveillance, inspection, monitoring, condition assessment, maintenance and repair of structures.

Al-Neshawy, F.; Piironen, J.; Sistonen, E.; Vesikari, E.; Tuomisto, M.; Hradil, P.; Ferreira, M.

2013-07-01

368

Development of a Multi-bus, Multi-source Reconfigurable Stirling Radioisotope Power System Test Bed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has typically used Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG) as their source of electric power for deep space missions. A more efficient and potentially more cost effective alternative to the RTG, the high efficiency 110 watt Stirling Radioisotope Generator 110 (SRG110) is being developed by the Department of Energy (DOE), Lockheed Martin (LM), Stirling Technology Company (STC) and NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). The SRG110 consists of two Stirling convertors (Stirling Engine and Linear Alternator) in a dual-opposed configuration, and two General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. Although Stirling convertors have been successfully operated as a power source for the utility grid and as a stand-alone portable generator, demonstration of the technology required to interconnect two Stirling convertors for a spacecraft power system has not been attempted. NASA GRC is developing a Power System Test Bed (PSTB) to evaluate the performance of a Stirling convertor in an integrated electrical power system application. This paper will describe the status of the PSTB and on-going activities pertaining to the PSTB in the NASA Thermal-Energy Conversion Branch of the Power and On-Board Propulsion Technology Division.

Coleman, Anthony S.

2004-01-01

369

Development of low head Kaplan turbine for power station rehabilitation project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the latest Kaplan turbine rehabilitation project for Funagira Power Station in Japan completed by J-POWER Group in collaboration with Toshiba Corporation. Area of rehabilitation was restricted to guide vane and runner. The main goal of the rehabilitation project was to expand the operating range of the existing turbine in terms of discharge and power with high operational stability, low noise as well as high cavitation performance. Computational Fluids Dynamics and model test were used to optimize the shape of guide vane and runner in development stage. Finally, field tests and runner inspection were carried out to confirm the performance of the new turbine. It was found that the new turbine has excellent performance in efficiency, power output, operational stability compared with existing turbine. Moreover, no sign of cavitation on the runner blade surface was observed after 5078 hours of operation near 100% load.

Lim, S. M.; Ohtake, N.; Kurosawa, S.; Suzuki, T.; Yamasaki, T.; Nishi, H.

2012-11-01

370

Development of a DC-DC conversion powering scheme for the CMS Phase-1 pixel upgrade  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel powering scheme based on the DC-DC conversion technique will be exploited to power the CMS Phase-1 pixel detector. DC-DC buck converters for the CMS pixel project have been developed, based on the AMIS5 ASIC designed by CERN. The powering system of the Phase-1 pixel detector is described and the performance of the converter prototypes is detailed, including power efficiency, stability of the output voltage, shielding, and thermal management. Results from a test of the magnetic field tolerance of the DC-DC converters are reported. System tests with pixel modules using many components of the future pixel barrel system are summarized. Finally first impressions from a pre-series of 200 DC-DC converters are presented.

Feld, L.; Fimmers, C.; Karpinski, W.; Klein, K.; Lipinski, M.; Preuten, M.; Rauch, M.; Rittich, D.; Sammet, J.; Wlochal, M.

2014-01-01

371

The future of nuclear energy: A perspective on nuclear power development  

SciTech Connect

The author begins by discussing the history of nuclear power development in the US. He discusses the challenges for nuclear power such as the proliferation of weapons material, waste management, economics, and safety. He then discusses the future for nuclear power, specifically advanced reactor development. People can all be thankful for nuclear power, for it may well be essential to the long term survival of civilization. Within the seeds of its potential for great good, are also the seeds for great harm. People must ensure that it is applied for great good. What is not in question is whether people can live without it, they cannot. United States leadership is crucial in determining how this technology is developed and applied. The size and capability of the United States technical community is decreasing, a trend that cannot be allowed to continue. It is the author's belief that in the future, the need, the vision and the confidence in nuclear power will be restored, but only if the US addresses the immediate challenges. It is a national challenge worthy of the best people this nation has to offer.

Sackett, J. I.

2000-04-03

372

Toward sustainable energy development in the Indian power sector: A critique of fifty years of power development in India and an analysis of sustainable energy alternatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present, the Indian electric power sector (EPS) finds itself in a "triple bind," plagued by a severe resource crunch, adverse environmental impacts and unequal social access to energy services, and a poor record of technical performance in generation and distribution of electricity. The problems of the EPS are seen in this dissertation as manifestations of a larger crisis of unsustainable energy development, rooted in the political economy of power development in India. A theoretical framework is articulated based on a political economy approach constructed for this dissertation. The political economy framework is comprised of three elements: a materialization thesis that describes the core social relations in support of a specific political and economic structure; an institutionalization thesis that describes how these material relations are reproduced; and an ideology thesis which argues that a pervasive ideology exists making intelligible the existence of a particular form of political economy. From the vantage-point of this framework, and through a detailed examination of the political history of the power sector in India, the crisis in the Indian power sector is linked to the contradictions of what is termed as the "conventional model of energy development" (CMED) embraced by Indian planners at the time of independence. It is argued that the crisis in the EPS is caused by the intensive bureaucratization and technicization of the system, all but removing it from social and environmental evaluation. Current policy prescriptions for the Indian EPS, both Western as well as domestic, call for further strengthening the technocratic construct of the EPS. Privatization and restructuring experiments, underway in India, rather than breaking away from the existing approach, actually deepen the institutional hold of the CMED. Sustainable energy development (SED) is examined as an alternative to the CMED. The meaning and relevance of this concept in the context of the Indian EPS are examined, and guideposts to sustainability are identified. Linking SED back to the political economy framework, it is argued that if the concept is to signify a real departure from the current EPS, ideological, material and institutional changes will be required. These changes will result not only in a transformation of technology, but in a reconstruction of the energy system, from its values and philosophy to its social, political, economic, and environmental relations.

Govindarajalu, Chandrasekhar

373

Prospects of development of the power industry in the zone of influence of the transcontinental railroad  

SciTech Connect

The authors examine the possibilities of developing a power industry in the zone of influence of the transcontinental railroad (TCR). Two aspects of development are studied in particular: (1) the electric power supply for construction and subsequently for the operating railroad in coordination with simultaneous provision for the needs of adjacent regions; (2) the construction of a transcontinental transmission line with the use of a tunnel and railroad for its construction and with the creation of a unified transport--power corridor. Of great interest are the possibilities of constructing hydrostations in regions of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Chukchi Peninsula, and in the southern part of the Magadan region. The route of the proposed main line is located in the zone of influence of a number of prospective hydropower installations. 2 tabs.

Fel`dman, B.N.; Luk`yanov, V.A.

1994-02-01

374

Development of a solar-powered residential air conditioner: System optimization preliminary specification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Investigations aimed at the optimization of a baseline Rankine cycle solar powered air conditioner and the development of a preliminary system specification were conducted. Efforts encompassed the following: (1) investigations of the use of recuperators/regenerators to enhance the performance of the baseline system, (2) development of an off-design computer program for system performance prediction, (3) optimization of the turbocompressor design to cover a broad range of conditions and permit operation at low heat source water temperatures, (4) generation of parametric data describing system performance (COP and capacity), (5) development and evaluation of candidate system augmentation concepts and selection of the optimum approach, (6) generation of auxiliary power requirement data, (7) development of a complete solar collector-thermal storage-air conditioner computer program, (8) evaluation of the baseline Rankine air conditioner over a five day period simulating the NASA solar house operation, and (9) evaluation of the air conditioner as a heat pump.

Rousseau, J.; Hwang, K. C.

1975-01-01

375

Development of Digital Materials Database for Design and Construction of New Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

To facilitate materials selection, structural design, and future maintenance of the Generation IV nuclear reactor systems, an interactive, internet accessible materials property database, dubbed Gen IV Materials Handbook, has been under development with the support of the United States Department of Energy. The Handbook will provide an authoritative source of information on structural materials needed for the development of various Gen IV nuclear reactor systems along with powerful data analysis and management tools. In this paper, the background, history, framework, major features, contents, and development strategy of the Gen IV Materials Handbook are discussed. Current development status and future plans are also elucidated.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL

2008-01-01

376

Development of a PEMFC Power System with Integrated Balance of Plant  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV s) have received increasing attention in recent years as military and commercial users look for means to maintain a mobile and persistent presence in the undersea world. Compact, neutrally buoyant power systems are needed for both small and large vehicles. Batteries are usually employed in these applications, but the energy density and therefore the mission duration are limited with current battery technology. At a certain energy or mission duration requirement, other means to get long duration power become feasible. For example, above 10 kW-hrs liquid oxygen and hydrogen have better specific energy than batteries and are preferable for energy storage as long as a compact system of about 100 W/liter is achievable to convert the chemical energy in these reactants into power. Other reactant forms are possible, such as high pressure gas, chemical hydrides or oxygen carriers, but it is essential that the power system be small and light weight. Recent fuel cell work, primarily focused on NASA applications, has developed power systems that can meet this target power density. Passive flow-through systems, using ejector driven reactant (EDR) flow, integrated into a compact balance of plant have been developed. These systems are thermally and functionally integrated in much the same way as are automotive, air breathing fuel cell systems. These systems fit into the small volumes required for AUV and future NASA applications. Designs have been developed for both a 21" diameter and a larger diameter (LD) AUV. These fuel cell systems occupy a very small portion of the overall energy system, allowing most of the system volume to be used for the reactants. The fuel cell systems have been optimized to use reactants efficiently with high stack efficiency and low parasitic losses. The resulting compact, highly efficient fuel cell system provides exceptional reactant utilization and energy density. Key design variables and supporting test data are presented. Future development activities are described.

Wynne, B.; Diffenderfer, C.; Ferguson, S.; Keyser, J.; Miller, M.; Sievers, B.; Ryan, A.; Vasquez, A.

2012-01-01

377

Development of a standard communication protocol for an emergency situation management in nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Correct communication between main control room (MCR) operators is an important factor in the management of emergency situations in nuclear power plants (NPPs). For this reason, a standard communication protocol for the management of emergency situations in NPPs has been developed, with the basic direction of enhancing the safety of NPPs and the standardization of communication protocols. To validate the

Man Cheol Kim; Wondea Jung; Hanjeom Kim; Yoon Joong Kim

2010-01-01

378

JEDI II: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts from Coal, Natural Gas, and Wind Power (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Using economic multipliers, JEDI II measures the potential employment (job and earnings) and economic development impacts (output) from new power plants by calculating the dollar flow from construction and annual operations. In its default form, JEDI II conducts state-specific analyses. County or regional analyses require additional multipliers.

Tegen, S.; Goldberg, M.; Milligan, M.

2006-01-01

379

Development of hydrogeological modelling approaches for assessment of consequences of hazardous accidents at nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces some modeling approaches for predicting the influence of hazardous accidents at nuclear reactors on groundwater quality. Possible pathways for radioactive releases from nuclear power plants were considered to conceptualize boundary conditions for solving the subsurface radionuclides transport problems. Some approaches to incorporate physical-and-chemical interactions into transport simulators have been developed. The hydrogeological forecasts were based on numerical

V. G. Rumynin; V. A. Mironenko; P. K. Konosavsky; S. A. Pereverzeva

1994-01-01

380

Development of high-power electrodes for a liquid-feed direct methanol fuel cell  

E-print Network

Development of high-power electrodes for a liquid-feed direct methanol fuel cell C. Lim, C.Y. Wang for a liquid-feed direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) were fabricated by using a novel method of modi�ed Na electron microscopy (SEM). A time-delayed activation effect was found in single cell tests and attributed

381

Theoretical Borderlands: Using Multiple Theoretical Perspectives to Challenge Inequitable Power Structures in Student Development Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an exploration of possibilities and methodological considerations for using multiple theoretical perspectives in research that challenges inequitable power structures in student development theory. Specifically, I explore methodological considerations when partnering queer theory and constructivism in research on lesbian identity…

Abes, Elisa S.

2009-01-01

382

Performance of wind power industry development in China: A DiamondModel study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reliable supply of energy is essential to maintain and to improve human being's living conditions. Compared to the conventional coal-fired approach, renewable energy (RE) helps to mitigate the impacts of greenhouse gas emissions to a large extent. As a newly developed sector with large resource potential and good commercial prospects, China's wind power industry is exceeding expectations. By 2008,

Zhen Yu Zhao; Ji Hu; Jian Zuo

2009-01-01

383

Application of photovoltaic electric power to the rural education/communication needs of developing countries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The suitability (i.e., cost competitiveness and reliability) of photovoltaic (PV) power systems for rural applications in developing countries is considered. Potential application sectors include health delivery, education and communication where small amounts of electricity are needed to meet critical needs.

Cabraal, A.; Delansanta, D.; Burrill, G.

1982-01-01

384

Development of a power electronics unit for the Space Station plasma contactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hollow cathode plasma contactor has been baselined as a charge control device for the Space Station (SS) to prevent deleterious interactions of coated structural components with the ambient plasma. NASA LeRC Work Package 4 initiated the development of a plasma contactor system comprised of a Power Electronics Unit (PEU), an Expellant Management Unit (EMU), a command and data interface,

John A. Hamley; Gerald M. Hill; Michael J. Patterson; Joseph Saggio Jr.; Fred Terdan; Justin D. Mansell

1994-01-01

385

Power Purchase Agreements for Risk and Rent Sharing in Himalayan Hydropower Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Himalayan Rivers have an enormous hydropower potential that is still not exploited fully for the benefit of the region. Bhutan and Nepal together have an economically feasible potential of 60,000 MW of hydroelectric power generation capacity but are too weak financially to bear alone the risks associated with the development of their hydro resources. India is the only potential

Glenn P. Jenkins; D. N. S. Dhakal

2008-01-01

386

POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS FOR RISK AND RENT SHARING IN HIMALAYIAN HYDROPOWER DEVELOPMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Himalayan Rivers have an enormous hydropower potential that is still not exploited fully for the benefit of the region. Bhutan and Nepal together have an economically feasible potential of 60,000 MW of hydroelectric power generation capacity but are too weak financially to bear alone the risks associated with the development of their hydro resources. India is the only potential

D. N. S. Dhakal; Glenn Jenkins

2008-01-01

387

Development of automated operating procedure system using fuzzy colored petri nets for nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, AuTomated Operating Procedure System (ATOPS) is developed. ATOPS is an automation system for emergency operation of a nuclear power plant (NPP) and it can monitor signals, diagnose statuses, and generate control actions according to corresponding operating procedures without any human operator’s help. Main functions of ATOPS are an anomaly detection function and a procedure execution function but

Seung Jun Lee; Poong Hyun Seong

2004-01-01

388

Development of an advanced human–machine interface for next generation nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

An advanced human–machine interface (HMI) has been developed to enhance the safety and availability of a nuclear power plant (NPP) by improving operational reliability. The key elements of the proposed HMI are the large display panels which present synopsis of plant status and the compact, computer-based work stations for monitoring, control and protection functions. The work station consists of four

Soon Heung Chang; Seong Soo Choi; Jin Kyun Park; Gyunyoung Heo; Han Gon Kim

1999-01-01

389

Development of a checklist for evaluating emergency procedures used in nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the process for developing a checklist to be used by US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Inspection and Enforcement (I and E) inspectors during their evaluation of emergency procedures used in nuclear power plants. The objective of the checklist is to aid inspectors in identifying procedural characteristics that can lead to reactor operator performance deviations. Four nuclear

R. L. Brune; M. Weinstein

1981-01-01

390

J:\\Biotech Website\\OLD-UCDEB\\Documents\\Developing Likeability skills.doc People Power  

E-print Network

J:\\Biotech Website\\OLD-UCDEB\\Documents\\Developing Likeability skills.doc People Power "The only common interests or experiences makes people feel #12;J:\\Biotech Website\\OLD's point of view. When you connect with people's feelings, and they believe you're "with them," it delivers

Ferrara, Katherine W.

391

Development of energy-saving elevator using regenerated power storage system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various measures have been strongly focused upon to prevent global environmental problems. One of them has been the development of energy saving methods for electrical apparatus. In contrast, a standard elevator with a diode rectifier consumes regenerated power from its electric motor as heat in resistors. As a result, the entire elevator system suffers a remarkable energy loss. This paper

S. Tominaga; I. Suga; H. Araki; H. Ikejima; M. Kusuma; K. Kobayashi

2002-01-01

392

Design and development of multi-kW power electronic transformers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technology for conduction cooled transformers having low internal thermal resistance was developed. To demonstrate this technology a lightweight 25-KVA, 20 kHz, high efficiency, high frequency power transformer was designed and fabricated. The weight of the transformer was 6.95 pounds, the efficiency was 99.2% and the maximum temperature rise in the windings was 43C.

J. P. Welsh

1983-01-01

393

Harnessing the Power of Sibling Relationships as a Tool for Optimizing Social-Emotional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sibling relationships provide one of the most stable and powerful developmental contexts for the transmission of both prosocial and antisocial behavior. As a source of support and skill development, sibling relationships can build competence in self-regulation and emotional understanding. However, sibling relationships marked by antisocial…

Stormshak, Elizabeth A.; Bullock, Bernadette M.; Falkenstein, Corinna A.

2009-01-01

394

Participation and Power: Reflections on the Role of Government in Land Use Planning and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To examine the role of power in interactive policymaking settings. Design/Methodology/Approach: A literature study is combined with four case studies relating to citizen participation in natural resource management and rural development in the Netherlands. Findings: Many of the identified problems and dilemmas of interactive policymaking…

Aarts, Noelle; Leeuwis, Cees

2010-01-01

395

Development strategies of an intelligent human-machine interface for next generation nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

An intelligent human-machine interface (HMI) has been developed to enhance the safety and availability of a nuclear power plant (NPP) by improving operational reliability. The key elements of the proposed HMI are the large display panels that present synopsis of the plant status and the compact, digital workstations for monitoring, control, and protection functions: The workstation consists of four consoles

Seong Soo Choi; Jin Kyun Park; Jin Hyuk Hong; Han Gon Kim; Soon Heung Chang; Ki Sig Kang

1996-01-01

396

Developing guidelines for design and procedure changes in nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nuclear Safety Analysis Center (NSAC) of the Electric Power Research Institute initiated a program with MPR Associates to study the design change process used by utilities when making design changes to a nuclear plant and to develop a set of recommended guidelines for utility use in the design and review of these design changes. Of particular interest are those

J. W. Johnson; W. B. Reuland

1987-01-01

397

Development of an USB data acquisition system for Power Quality and smart metering applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting from a previous work, a new Data Acquisition USB Device has been designed, developed, realized and characterized to be used in Power Quality and Smart Grid applications. The system simultaneously manages 8 data acquisition channels to allow voltages and currents monitoring on tri-phases lines. It can get external both certified time and voltage references to warranty certified measurements, but

M. Caciotta; S. Giarnetti; F. Leccese; D. Trinca

2012-01-01

398

Power and knowledge in the Agricultural Lending Division of the Fiji Development Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to expose the gap between rationalist banking theory and actual practice within the Agricultural Lending Division of the Fiji Development Bank (FDB) by focusing on the inter-relationship between power and knowledge. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data for this qualitative research project were gathered from archived documents, interviews, observation and reflection. A Foucauldian theoretical framework was used, which

Hemant Deo; Helen Irvine

2006-01-01

399

Investigation of a Power Synchro System: Theoretical Development and Methods of Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A power synchro system is studied using modem analytical, computational, and experimental methods to extend previous studies. Previous work is reviewed, and equations are derived describing the system for dynamic and steady-state performance. The dynamic equations are linearized by the Taylor series expansion to obtain describing equations which permit the study of dynamic performance by the well-developed techniques of linear

ROBERT E. BURRIDGE; THOMAS H. BARTON

1970-01-01

400

Workshop: Research and development plans for high power spallation neutron testing at BNL  

SciTech Connect

This report consists of vugraphs from presentations at the meeting. The papers covered the following topics: (1) APS as a proton source; (2) target status for NSNS (National Spallation Neutron Source); (3) spallation neutron source in Japan; (4) liquid LiBi flow loop; and (5) research and development plans for high power tests at the AGS.

NONE

1996-08-05

401

The Development of a Highly Reliable Power Management and Distribution System for Civil Transport Aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is pursuing a program in Advanced Subsonic Transport (AST) to develop the technology for a highly reliable Fly-By-Light/Power-By-WIre aircraft. One of the primary objectives of the program is to develop the technology base for confident application of integrated PBW components and systems to transport aircraft to improve operating reliability and efficiency. Technology will be developed so that the present hydraulic and pneumatic systems of the aircraft can be systematically eliminated and replaced by electrical systems. These motor driven actuators would move the aircraft wing surfaces as well as the rudder to provide steering controls for the pilot. Existing aircraft electrical systems are not flight critical and are prone to failure due to Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) (1), ground faults and component failures. In order to successfully implement electromechanical flight control actuation, a Power Management and Distribution (PMAD) System must be designed having a reliability of 1 failure in 10(exp +9) hours, EMI hardening and a fault tolerance architecture to ensure uninterrupted power to all aircraft flight critical systems. The focus of this paper is to analyze, define, and describe technically challenging areas associated with the development of a Power By Wire Aircraft and typical requirements to be established at the box level. The authors will attempt to propose areas of investigation, citing specific military standards and requirements that need to be revised to accommodate the 'More Electric Aircraft Systems'.

Coleman, Anthony S.; Hansen, Irving G.

1994-01-01

402

Virginia Tech Comprehensive Power-based Fuel Consumption Model: Model Development and Testing  

E-print Network

sources such as hybrid-electric technologies, bio-ethanol, and hydrogen fuel cells are emergingVirginia Tech Comprehensive Power-based Fuel Consumption Model: Model Development and Testing, Moran, Saerens, and Van den Bulck 2 ABSTRACT Existing fuel consumption and emission models suffer from

Rakha, Hesham A.

403

Biomass power for rural development: Phase 2. Technical progress report, April 1--June 30, 1998  

SciTech Connect

The project undertaken by the Salix Consortium is a multi-phased, multi-partner endeavor. Phase-1 focused on initial development and testing of the technology and agreements necessary to demonstrate commercial willow production in Phase-2. The Phase-1 objectives have been successfully completed: preparing final design plans for two utility pulverized coal boilers, developing fuel supply plans for the project, obtaining power production commitments from the power companies for Phase-2, obtaining construction and environmental permits, and developing an experimental strategy for crop production and power generation improvements needed to assure commercial success. The R and D effort also addresses environmental issues pertaining to introduction of the willow energy system. Beyond those Phase-1 requirements the Consortium has already successfully demonstrated cofiring at Greenidge Station and developed the required nursery capacity for acreage scale-up. This past summer 105 acres were prepared in advance for the spring planting in 1998. Having completed the above tasks, the Consortium is well positioned to begin Phase-2. In phase-2 every aspect of willow production and power generation from willow will be demonstrated. The ultimate objective of Phase-2 is to transition the work performed under the Rural Energy for the Future project into a thriving, self-supported energy crop enterprise.

Neuhauser, E.

1998-11-01

404

Development of a fuel-powered compact SMA (Shape Memory Alloy) actuator system  

E-print Network

The work presents investigations into the development of a fuel-powered compact SMA actuator system. For the final SMA actuator, the K-alloy SMA strip (0.9 mm x 2.5 mm), actuated by a forced convection heat transfer mechanism, was embedded in a...

Jun, Hyoung Yoll

2005-02-17

405

Natural-gas-fueled molten carbonate fuel cell power plant development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high temperature molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) operating on natural gas fuel offers an exceptional opportunity for providing economically competitive, high efficiency, low emissions power generators for utilities and industrial and commercial cogenerators. The primary goal of this project is to establish a path to develop competitive natural gas fueled MCFC products with goals of less than $1000 per

Reiser

1990-01-01

406

Advanced Microbial Fuel Cell Development, Miniaturization and Energy and Power Density Enhancement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers investigations of advanced microbial H2/O2-fuel cell development, miniaturization, and energy and power density enhancement. The anode is very important in the performance of a microbial fuel cell 'MFC', and is often the limiting factor...

C. M. Li

2007-01-01

407

Pulsed-power-supply development for fusion applications: special research support agreement  

SciTech Connect

This is a final summary describing research and development work carried out by the Center for Electromechanics at The University of Texas at Austin (CEM-UT) for the Department of Energy during calendar years 1978, 1979, and 1980. The general purpose of this special research support program was to conduct research on pulsed power supply development for fusion applications in the areas of homopolar generators (HPGs), tokamak ohmic heating stuides, switching, and pulse compression technology.

Not Available

1980-01-01

408

Development and fabrication of improved Schottky power diodes, phases I and II  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reproducible methods for the fabrication of silicon Schottky diodes were developed for the metals tungsten, aluminum, conventional platinum silicide and low temperature platinum silicide. Barrier heights and barrier lowering were measured permitting the accurate prediction of ideal forward and reverse diode performance. Processing procedures were developed which permit the fabrication of large area (approximately 1 sqcm) mesa-geometry power Schottky diodes with forward and reverse characteristics that approach theoretical values.

Cordes, L. F.; Garfinkle, M.; Taft, E. A.

1974-01-01

409

Development of a new control package for power system controller design  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new control package is developed for the purpose of power system control in general, and static compensator (StatCom) control in particular. This control package involving a computer aided engineering (CAE) platform and a DSP-based controller is developed. Furthermore, an improved PI control method using relay auto-tuning and fuzzy rule base techniques is implemented on the platform to adapt to

J. X. Xu; C. C. Hang; X. F. Bao; Chun Li; Z. H. Wang; Q. R. Jiang

2000-01-01

410

Indian Tribes as Developing Nations; A Question of Power: Indian Control of Indian Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report discusses how Indian tribes can conserve and develop their own resources at their own pace and explores the options available to them as owners of valuable natural resources. Discussed are problems encountered by tribal leaders with various government agencies; the basic precepts of the Bureau of Indian Affairs; how the problems of…

Americans for Indian Opportunity, Inc., Albuquerque, NM.

411

West European nuclear power generation research and development. (Foreign Applied Sciences Assessment Center Technical Assessment Report)  

SciTech Connect

The report assesses the current and projected future status of nuclear power generation research and development (R and D) in Western Europe. The primary focus is on light-water reactor technology, but alternative concepts-specifically, high-temperature gas-cooled reactors and liquid-metal reactors-are also assessed. Nuclear power R and D for light-water reactors can have immediate commercial significance, and therefore is mostly conducted within single organizations or countries. Thus, the assessments presented in the report are, in most instances, organized around countries rather than Western Europe collectively. The advancement of nuclear power is dependent upon advances in each stage of the nuclear fuel cycle. To bound the study, the assessment includes only the following nuclear fuel cycle stages: fuel fabrication, power generation, and fuel reprocessing. Specific topics addressed within these fuel cycle stages include core reactor physics, materials, instrumentation and control systems, nuclear power safety, power plant fabrication and construction, fuel fabrication, and reprocessing technology. Excluded are the front-end fuel cycle stages of mining and milling, conversion, and enrichment, and the back-end fuel cycle stages of waste conditioning and disposal. Four nations in Western Europe emerge as having the dominant R and D base for light-water reactors: in order of significance, France, Germany, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

Turinsky, P.J.; Baron, S.; Burch, W.D.; Corradini, M.L.; Lucas, G.E.

1991-09-01

412

Biopower markets in developing countries: Meeting the demands for cleaner power  

SciTech Connect

The worldwide expansion of democracy economic freedom and the explosion of private investment and trading is fueling a boom in global economic growth at double the rate of only a decade ago. Dependence on power and process heat is growing in lockstep during a time of significant structural change in electric markets. Many countries are creating more competitive market environments for power production and sales through changes in regulation, ownership, and pricing structures. But while demand for heat and power is expanding and creating a higher standard of living for many around the world, there is growing global concern about increases in carbon emissions from fossil fuel combustion and its possible link to climate changes. On a local level, flooding and non-point runoff, deforestation and habitat loss, salination of drinking water aquifers, solid waste disposal and landfill capacity shortages all put an increasing strain on our environment`s ability to cleanse itself. This could have subsequent adverse impacts on human health and welfare. This article explores emerging markets for biomass power development in India, china, Asia, and Latin America. Exploiting these markets requires understanding each country`s resources, energy needs, and government attitudes about foreign power developers. 6 figs.

Demeter, C.P.

1997-12-31

413

Development of Decision Model for Selection of Appropriate Power Generation System Using Distance Based Approach Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For solving decision problems in electric generation planning, a matrix operation based deterministic quantitative model called the Distance Based Approach (DBA) has been proposed for comparing the technical-economical and environmental features of various electric power plants. The customized computer code is developed to evaluate the overall function of alternative energy systems from the performance pattern corresponding to the selected energy attributes. For the purpose of exploring the applicability and the effectiveness of the proposed model, the model is applied to decision problems concerning the selection of energy sources for power generation in Japan. The set of nine energy alternatives includes conventional and new energy technologies of oil fired-, natural gas fired-, coal fired-, nuclear power, hydropower, geothermal, solar photovoltaic, wind power and solar thermal plants. Also, a set of criteria for optimized selection includes five areas of concern; energy economy, energy security, environmental protection, socio-economic development and technological aspects for electric power generation. The result will be a ranking of alternative sources of energy based on the Euclidean composite distance of each alternative to the designated optimal source of energy.

Widiyanto, Anugerah; Kato, Seizo; Maruyama, Naoki

414

Simulation and Control Lab Development for Power and Energy Management for NASA Manned Deep Space Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of distributed hierarchical and agent-based control systems will allow for reliable autonomous energy management and power distribution for on-orbit missions. Power is one of the most critical systems on board a space vehicle, requiring quick response time when a fault or emergency is identified. As NASAs missions with human presence extend beyond low earth orbit autonomous control of vehicle power systems will be necessary and will need to reliably function for long periods of time. In the design of autonomous electrical power control systems there is a need to dynamically simulate and verify the EPS controller functionality prior to use on-orbit. This paper presents the work at NASA Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio where the development of a controls laboratory is being completed that will be utilized to demonstrate advanced prototype EPS controllers for space, aeronautical and terrestrial applications. The control laboratory hardware, software and application of an autonomous controller for demonstration with the ISS electrical power system is the subject of this paper.

McNelis, Anne M.; Beach, Raymond F.; Soeder, James F.; McNelis, Nancy B.; May, Ryan; Dever, Timothy P.; Trase, Larry

2014-01-01

415

Innovation Approaches to Development and Ground Testing of Advanced Bimodal Space Power and Propulsion Systems  

SciTech Connect

The last major development effort for nuclear power and propulsion systems ended in 1993. Currently, there is not an initiative at either the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) or the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) that requires the development of new nuclear power and propulsion systems. Studies continue to show nuclear technology as a strong technical candidate to lead the way toward human exploration of adjacent planets or provide power for deep space missions, particularly a 15,000 lbf bimodal nuclear system with 115 kW power capability. The development of nuclear technology for space applications would require technology development in some areas and a major flight qualification program. The last major ground test facility considered for nuclear propulsion qualification was the U.S. Air Force/DOE Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion Project. Seven years have passed since that effort, and the questions remain the same, how to qualify nuclear power and propulsion systems for future space flight. It can be reasonably assumed that much of the nuclear testing required to qualify a nuclear system for space application will be performed at DOE facilities as demonstrated by the Nuclear Rocket Engine Reactor Experiment (NERVA) and Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (SNTP) programs. The nuclear infrastructure to support testing in this country is aging and getting smaller, though facilities still exist to support many of the technology development needs. By renewing efforts, an innovative approach to qualifying these systems through the use of existing facilities either in the U.S. (DOE's Advance Test Reactor, High Flux Irradiation Facility and the Contained Test Facility) or overseas should be possible.

Hill, T.; Noble, C.; Martinell, J. (INEEL); Borowski, S. (NASA Glenn Research Center)

2000-07-14

416

Innovative Approaches to Development and Ground Testing of Advanced Bimodal Space Power and Propulsion Systems  

SciTech Connect

The last major development effort for nuclear power and propulsion systems ended in 1993. Currently, there is not an initiative at either the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) or the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) that requires the development of new nuclear power and propulsion systems. Studies continue to show nuclear technology as a strong technical candidate to lead the way toward human exploration of adjacent planets or provide power for deep space missions, particularly a 15,000 lbf bimodal nuclear system with 115 kW power capability. The development of nuclear technology for space applications would require technology development in some areas and a major flight qualification program. The last major ground test facility considered for nuclear propulsion qualification was the U.S. Air Force/DOE Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion Project. Seven years have passed since that effort, and the questions remain the same, how to qualify nuclear power and propulsion systems for future space flight. It can be reasonable assumed that much of the nuclear testing required to qualify a nuclear system for space application will be performed at DOE facilities as demonstrated by the Nuclear Rocket Engine Reactor Experiment (NERVA) and Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (SNTP) programs. The nuclear infrastructure to support testing in this country is aging and getting smaller, though facilities still exist to support many of the technology development needs. By renewing efforts, an innovative approach to qualifying these systems through the use of existing facilities either in the U.S. (DOE's Advance Test Reactor, High Flux Irradiation Facility and the Contained Test Facility) or overseas should be possible.

Hill, Thomas Johnathan; Noble, Cheryl Ann; Noble, C.; Martinell, John Stephen; Borowski, S.

2000-07-01

417

Development of a cogenerating thermophotovoltaic powered combination hot water heater/hydronic boiler  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A cogenerating thermophotovoltaic (TPV) device for hot water, hydronic space heating, and electric power generation was developed, designed, fabricated, and tested under a Department of Energy contracted program. The device utilizes a cylindrical ytterbia superemissive ceramic fiber burner (SCFB) and is designed for a nominal capacity of 80 kBtu/hr. The burner is fired with premixed natural gas and air. Narrow band emission from the SCFB is converted to electricity by single crystal silicon (Si) photovoltaic (PV) arrays arranged concentrically around the burner. A three-way mixing valve is used to direct heated water to either the portable water storage tank, radiant baseboard heaters, or both. As part of this program, QGI developed a microprocessor-based control system to address the safety issues, as well as photovoltaic power management. Flame sensing is accomplished via the photovoltaics, a technology borrowed from QGI's Quantum Control™ safety shut-off system. Device testing demonstrated a nominal photovoltaic power output of 200 W. Power consumed during steady state operation was 33 W, with power drawn from the combustion air blower, hydronic system pump, three-way switching valve, and the control system, resulting in a net power surplus of 142 W. Power drawn during the ignition sequence was 55 W, and a battery recharge time of 1 minute 30 seconds was recorded. System efficiency was measured and found to be more than 83%. Pollutant emissions at determined operating conditions were below the South Coast Air Quality Management District's (California) limit of 40 ng/J for NOx, and carbon monoxide emissions were measured at less than 50 dppm.

Kushch, Aleksandr S.; Skinner, Steven M.; Brennan, Richard; Sarmiento, Pedro A.

1997-03-01

418

Texas Tech University is poised to take a leadership role in the development of wind power systems through research, economic development, job creation and education.  

E-print Network

of wind power systems through research, economic development, job creation and education. Congressionally. The money will be used to create applications that will integrate wind energy into municipal power grids the variable power supplied by wind with water pumping and desalination facilities. Community colleges

Gelfond, Michael

419

Phase 1 of the First Small Power System Experiment (engineering Experiment No. 1). Volume 1: Executive Summary. [development and testing of a solar thermal power plant  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a modular solar thermal power system for application in the 1 to 10 MWe range is presented. The system is used in remote utility applications, small communities, rural areas, and for industrial uses. Investigations are performed on the energy storage requirements and type of energy storage, concentrator design and field optimization, energy transport, and power conversion subsystems. The system utilizes a Rankine cycle, an axial flow steam turbine for power conversion, and heat transfer sodium for collector fluid.

Holl, R. J.

1979-01-01

420

Mini-BRU/BIPS 1300 watt (sub)e dynamic power conversion system development: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The status of the Brayton Isotope Power System (BIPS) is summarized. A 1200 watt sub e ground development unit was built and tested in a 0.000010 torr vacuum environment. Peformance mapping and 1000 hours of proof of concept system testing were completed. Specific components, primarily turbocompressor/alternator and recuperator performed according to predictions, thus achieving the design goal of 25 percent net power conversion efficiency. The system was fabricated from superalloy (Hastelloy-X and Waspaloy) thus placing it entirely within current state-of-the-art technology. The system could be flyable in the early 1980's pending flight qualification.

1978-01-01

421

Electric Power Infrastructure Reliability and Security (EPIRS) Reseach and Development Initiative  

SciTech Connect

Power systems have become increasingly complex and face unprecedented challenges posed by population growth, climate change, national security issues, foreign energy dependence and an aging power infrastructure. Increased demand combined with increased economic and environmental constraints is forcing state, regional and national power grids to expand supply without the large safety and stability margins in generation and transmission capacity that have been the rule in the past. Deregulation, distributed generation, natural and man-made catastrophes and other causes serve to further challenge and complicate management of the electric power grid. To meet the challenges of the 21st century while also maintaining system reliability, the electric power grid must effectively integrate new and advanced technologies both in the actual equipment for energy conversion, transfer and use, and in the command, control, and communication systems by which effective and efficient operation of the system is orchestrated - in essence, the 'smart grid'. This evolution calls for advances in development, integration, analysis, and deployment approaches that ultimately seek to take into account, every step of the way, the dynamic behavior of the system, capturing critical effects due to interdependencies and interaction. This approach is necessary to better mitigate the risk of blackouts and other disruptions and to improve the flexibility and capacity of the grid. Building on prior Navy and Department of Energy investments in infrastructure and resources for electric power systems research, testing, modeling, and simulation at the Florida State University (FSU) Center for Advanced Power Systems (CAPS), this project has continued an initiative aimed at assuring reliable and secure grid operation through a more complete understanding and characterization of some of the key technologies that will be important in a modern electric system, while also fulfilling an education and outreach mission to provide future energy workforce talent and support the electric system stakeholder community. Building upon and extending portions of that research effort, this project has been focused in the following areas: (1) Building high-fidelity integrated power and controls hardware-in-the-loop research and development testbed capabilities (Figure 1). (2) Distributed Energy Resources Integration - (a) Testing Requirements and Methods for Fault Current Limiters, (b) Contributions to the Development of IEEE 1547.7, (c) Analysis of a STATCOM Application for Wind Resource Integration, (d) Development of a Grid-Interactive Inverter with Energy Storage Elements, (e) Simulation-Assisted Advancement of Microgrid Understanding and Applications; (3) Availability of High-Fidelity Dynamic Simulation Tools for Grid Disturbance Investigations; (4) HTS Material Characterization - (a) AC Loss Studies on High Temperature Superconductors, (b) Local Identification of Current-Limiting Mechanisms in Coated Conductors; (5) Cryogenic Dielectric Research; and (6) Workshops, education, and outreach.

Rick Meeker; L. Baldwin; Steinar Dale; Alexander Domijan; Davild Larbalestier; Hui Li; Peter McLaren; Sastry Pamidi; Horatio Rodrigo; Michael Steurer

2010-03-31

422

Problems in developing bimodal space power and propulsion system fuel element  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses design of a space nuclear power and propulsion system fuel element (PPFE) developed on the basis of an enhanced single-cell thermionic fuel element (TFE) of the 'TOPAZ-2' thermionic converter-reactor (TCR), and presents the PPFE performance for propulsion and power modes of operation. The choice of UC-TaC fuel composition is substantiated. Data on hydrogen effect on the PPFE output voltage are presented, design solutions are considered that allow to restrict hydrogen supply to an interelectrode gap (IEG). Long-term geometric stability of an emitter assembly is supported by calculated data.

Nikolaev, Yu. V.; Gontar, A. S.; Zaznoba, V. A.; Parshin, N. Ya.; Ponomarev-Stepnoi, N. N.; Usov, V. A. [Research Institute of SIA 'Lutch' Podolsk, Moscow Region, 142100 (Russian Federation); RRC 'Kurchatov Institute' Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation)

1997-01-10

423

GridPACK Toolkit for Developing Power Grid Simulations on High Performance Computing Platforms  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the GridPACK™ framework, which is designed to help power grid engineers develop modeling software capable of running on todays high performance computers. The framework contains modules for setting up distributed power grid networks, assigning buses and branches with arbitrary behaviors to the network, creating distributed matrices and vectors, using parallel linear and non-linear solvers to solve algebraic equations, and mapping functionality to create matrices and vectors based on properties of the network. In addition, the framework contains additional functionality to support IO and to manage errors.

Palmer, Bruce J.; Perkins, William A.; Glass, Kevin A.; Chen, Yousu; Jin, Shuangshuang; Callahan, Charles D.

2013-11-30

424

Design, development and deployment of public service photovoltaic power/load systems for the Gabonese Republic  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Five different types of public service photovoltaic power/load systems installed in the Gabonese Republic are discussed. The village settings, the systems, performance results and some problems encountered are described. Most of the systems performed well, but some of the systems had problems due to failure of components or installation errors. The project was reasonably successful in collecting and reporting data for system performance evaluation that will be useful for guiding officials and system designers involved in village power applications in developing countries.

Kaszeta, William J.

1987-01-01

425

Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, January 1, 1997--March 31, 1997  

SciTech Connect

Detailed task progress reports and schedules are provided for the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The focus of the project is on developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-1, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-II of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is under way. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill power station. Phase-III will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis.

Neuhauser, E.

1997-08-01

426

Development of a Power Electronics Controller for the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under a U.S. Department of Energy program for radioisotope power systems, Lockheed Martin is developing an Engineering Unit of the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG). This is an advanced version of the previously reported SRG110 generator. The ASRG uses Advanced Stirling Convertors (ASCs) developed by Sunpower Incorporated under a NASA Research Announcement contract. The ASRG makes use of a Stirling controller based on power electronics that eliminates the tuning capacitors. The power electronics controller synchronizes dual-opposed convertors and maintains a fixed frequency operating point. The controller is single-fault tolerant and uses high-frequency pulse width modulation to create the sinusoidal currents that are nearly in phase with the piston velocity, eliminating the need for large series tuning capacitors. Sunpower supports this effort through an extension of their controller development intended for other applications. Glenn Research Center (GRC) supports this effort through system dynamic modeling, analysis and test support. The ASRG design arrived at a new baseline based on a system-level trade study and extensive feedback from mission planners on the necessity of single-fault tolerance. This paper presents the baseline design with an emphasis on the power electronics controller detailed design concept that will meet space mission requirements including single fault tolerance.

Leland, Douglas K.; Priest, Joel F.; Keiter, Douglas E.; Schreiber, Jeffrey G.

2008-01-01

427

Development of model reference adaptive control theory for electric power plant control applications  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this effort includes the theoretical development of a multi-input, multi-output (MIMO) Model Reference Control (MRC) algorithm, (i.e., model following control law), Model Reference Adaptive Control (MRAC) algorithm and the formulation of a nonlinear model of a typical electric power plant. Previous single-input, single-output MRAC algorithm designs have been generalized to MIMO MRAC designs using the MIMO MRC algorithm. This MRC algorithm, which has been developed using Command Generator Tracker methodologies, represents the steady state behavior (in the adaptive sense) of the MRAC algorithm. The MRC algorithm is a fundamental component in the MRAC design and stability analysis. An enhanced MRC algorithm, which has been developed for systems with more controls than regulated outputs, alleviates the MRC stability constraint of stable plant transmission zeroes. The nonlinear power plant model is based on the Cromby model with the addition of a governor valve management algorithm, turbine dynamics and turbine interactions with extraction flows. An application of the MRC algorithm to a linearization of this model demonstrates its applicability to power plant systems. In particular, the generated power changes at 7% per minute while throttle pressure and temperature, reheat temperature and drum level are held constant with a reasonable level of control. The enhanced algorithm reduces significantly control fluctuations without modifying the output response.

Mabius, L.E.

1982-09-15

428

A roundup of utility research and development products of specific benefit to public power  

SciTech Connect

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) has a special interest in research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) activities that improve economic opportunities through efficient production and use of electric power. History in the TVA area over the past 50 years has shown that an ample supply of electricity at the lowest possible cost has been a major force in upgrading the standard of living for the residents of the Tennessee Valley. Advances in technology are essential to the link between electrical power and economic progress. TVA's expenditures for RD and D activities have now grown to approximately $50 million per year. The projects are wide ranging in technical nature and include improvements in production, distribution, and end use of electricity. Three areas of the extensive program are highlighted: the use of fiber optics in utility applications, the electrotechnology development program, and the dry-scrubbing technology development.

Elder, H.W.

1987-01-01

429

Conception and Design of A Micro-Hydro in a Water Supply System  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the past, in a more traditionalistic approach, the managing entities of water supply systems, of public, private or mixing\\u000a nature, were worried exclusively about economic aspects that guaranteed the quality and amount of water to the users. Nowadays,\\u000a the decision makers cannot be only oriented by economic aspects, being fundamental to consider other factors, such as performance\\u000a analysis, reliability

H M Ramos; M Mello

430

Low head, micro-hydro demonstration project, Coker, Alabama. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of using a crossflow (Banki) turbine in a low head, run-of-steam application. Project consisted of construction of small dam across Big Creek at Coker, Alabama. Design, construction and installation of a crossflow turbine with appurtenant feed water structures and control devices. Design of crossflow turbine was for 6 ft net head at 15

1983-01-01

431

Developing the concept of maintenance and repairs in projects of power units for new-generation nuclear power stations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results from conceptual elaboration of individual requirements for the system of maintenance and repairs that must be implemented in the projects of new-generation nuclear power stations are presented taking as an example the power unit project for a nuclear power station equipped with a standard optimized VVER reactor with enhanced information support (the so-called VVER TOI reactor). Implementation of these concepts will help to achieve competitiveness of such nuclear power stations in the domestic and international markets.

Gurinovich, V. D.; Yanchenko, Yu. A.

2012-05-01

432

Innovation on Energy Power Technology (21)Why is the EMTP Developed?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Electro Magnetic Transients Program (EMTP) is originated from the Ph. D. thesis of H. W. Dommel supervised by Prof. Prinz in 1962 at the Technical University of Munick. This article describes why and how the EMTP was developed in the Bonneville Power Administration, US Department of Interia (Department of Energy since 1978). Also some stories behind the EMTP in the early stage of its development are described, as the author being involved in a transient simulation since 1965 and being one of original EMTP developers.

Ametani, Akihiro

433

Legal obstacles and incentives to the development of small scale hydroelectric power in New Jersey  

SciTech Connect

The legal and institutional obstacles to the development of small-scale hydroelectric energy at the state level in New Jersey are described. The Federal government also exercises extensive regulatory authority in the area. The dual regulatory system from the standpoint of the appropriate legal doctrine, the law of pre-emption, application of the law to the case of hydroelectric development, and an inquiry into the practical use of the doctrine by the FERC is discussed. New Jersey follows the riparian theory of water law. Following an extensive discussion of the New Jersey water law, New Jersey regulatory law and financial considerations regarding hydroelectric power development are discussed.

None,

1980-05-01

434

Characteristics and development report for the T1576 power supply and the MC3935 battery  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the requirements, designs, performance, and development histories for the T1576 power supply and the MC3935 rechargeable battery. These devices are used to power Permissive Action Link (PAL) ground controllers. The T1576 consists of a stainless steel container, one SA3553 connector, and one MC3935 battery. The MC3935 is a vented nickel/cadmium battery with 24 cells connected in series. It was designed to deliver 5.5 Amp-hours at 25{number_sign}C and the one-hour rate, with a nominal voltage of 28 V. The battery was designed to operate for 5 years or 500 full charge/discharge cycles. The power supply is expected to last indefinitely with replacement batteries and hardware.

Butler, P.C.; Robinson, C.E.

1993-10-01

435

A resonant load circuit to develop electrical power transfer of thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect

Low internal impedance of thermionic converters requires a low impedance load in the DC mode to obtain optimal power transfer. An internal resistance near 0.1 W for thermionic converters is common. According to the maximum power theorem [Desoer,1969], a similar magnitude for the resistance load must be fixed. Due to temperature changes, the internal plasma resistance and the resistance of the leads is modified [Houston,1959], for this reason, it is difficult to maintain maximum power transfer to the load. This paper presents a resonant load circuit for thermionic converters in the AC mode, to develop impedance coupling. The circuit employs an electrical transformer and positive feedback; by this way, oscillations are themselves maintained. It is used an electrical circuit model [Perez et al, 1997], to simulate the electrical behavior of the thermionic converter.

Perez, G.; Estrada, C.A.; Jimenez, A.E.

1998-07-01

436

Heatpipe power system and heatpipe bimodal system design and development options  

SciTech Connect

The Heatpipe Power System (HPS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power system. The Heatpipe Bimodal System (HBS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power and/or propulsion system. Both systems will be composed of independent modules, and all components operate within the existing database. The HPS and HBS have relatively few system integration issues; thus, the successful development of a module is a significant step toward verifying system feasibility and performance estimates. A prototypic HPS module is being fabricated, and testing is scheduled to begin in November 1996. A successful test will provide high confidence that the HPS can achieve its predicted performance. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Houts, M.G.; Poston, D.I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, MS K551 Los Alamos, New Mexico87545 (United States); Emrich, W.J. Jr. [NASA Marshall Spaceflight Center, PS05 Huntsville, Alabama35758 (United States)

1997-01-01

437

Heatpipe power system and heatpipe bimodal system design and development options  

SciTech Connect

The Heatpipe Power System (HPS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power system. The Heatpipe Bimodal System (HBS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power and/or propulsion system. Both systems will be composed of independent modules, and all components operate within the existing databases. The HPS and HBS have relatively few system integration issues; thus, the successful development of a module is a significant step toward verifying system feasibility and performance estimates. A prototypic HPS module is being fabricated, and testing is scheduled to begin in November 1996. A successful test will provide high confidence that the HPS can achieve its predicted performance.

Houts, M.G.; Poston, D.I. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Emrich, W.J. Jr. [NASA Marshall Spaceflight Center, Huntsville, AL (United States)

1997-02-01

438

Heatpipe power system and heatpipe bimodal system design and development options  

SciTech Connect

The Heatpipe Power System (HPS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power system. The Heatpipe Bimodal System (HBS) is a potential, near-term, low-cost space fission power and/or propulsion system. Both systems will be composed of independent modules, and all components operate within the existing database. The HPS and HBS have relatively few system integration issues; thus, the successful development of a module is a significant step toward verifying system feasibility and performance estimates. A prototypic HPS module is being fabricated, and testing is scheduled to begin in November 1996. A successful test will provide high confidence that the HPS can achieve its predicted performance.

Houts, Michael G.; Poston, David I.; Emrich, William J. Jr. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, MS K551 Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); NASA Marshall Spaceflight Center, PS05 Huntsville, Alabama 35758 (United States)

1997-01-10

439

Satellite power system concept development and evaluation program system definition technical assessment report  

SciTech Connect

The results of the system definition studies conducted by NASA as a part of the Department of Energy/National Aeronautics and Space Administration SPS Concept Development and Evaluation Program are summarized. The purpose of the system definition efforts was to identify and define candidate SPS concepts and to evaluate the concepts in terms of technical and cost factors. Although the system definition efforts consisted primarily of evaluation and assessment of alternative technical approaches, a reference system was also defined to facilitate economic, environmental, and societal assessments by the Department of Energy. This reference system was designed to deliver 5 GW of electrical power to the utility grid. Topics covered include system definition; energy conversion and power management; power transmission and reception; structures, controls, and materials; construction and operations; and space transportation.

Not Available

1980-12-01

440

Report on Performance of Prototype Dynatronix Power Supplies Developed Under a Phase I DOE SBIR  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prototype power supplies fabricated by Dynatronix, Inc. This project supports the advancement of electroforming capabilities to produce ultra-high purity copper. Ultra-high purity copper is an essential material used for a range of current and future fundamental nuclear physics programs such as the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR. The Mach 30 power supplies are a new design built to the specifications from the requirements of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with regard to timing, voltage, current output, and the required tolerances. The parameters used in these tests were developed empirically over a number of years based on a combination of thermodynamic and kinetics of the electroplating process. The power supplies were operated in a typical cleanroom environment for the production electroforming at PNNL. The units that were received by PNNL in July, 2010 have performed satisfactorily and have demonstrated short term durability.

Hoppe, Eric W.; Merriman, Jason H.

2011-03-01

441

Wind power development in the United States: Effects of policies and electricity transmission congestion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this dissertation, I analyze the drivers of wind power development in the United States as well as the relationship between renewab