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1

Cultural heritage training in the US military.  

PubMed

Cultural competence is a vital component of many missions in today's military. Cultural competence enables one to further a mission, save resources, and save lives. Conversely, a lack of cultural competence may bring about challenges to mission completion, requirement for more resources, waste of resources, and destruction of lives. Cultural competence involves many components. One particular component is cultural heritage awareness and protection of cultural property. This study sought to assess current understanding of cultural property protection and determine the effectiveness of a training aimed at increasing cultural property protection awareness, knowledge, and comfort within the military setting. It was hypothesized that participants would vary in their level of awareness, knowledge, and comfort of cultural property protection, and that all would show a significant improvement in knowledge scores post training. Factors such as deployment experience were examined for potential correlation with measures such as awareness. A 14 question pre-read survey was developed to assess participants' demographics, awareness, knowledge, and comfort with cultural property protection. Awareness included value, laws, and procedures while knowledge examined "know how" such as how to bed down in a protected structure or communicate information about the structure. Comfort assessed one's comfort with engaging in the knowledge based tasks. A 24 question post read survey was administered to assess awareness, knowledge, and comfort, and to solicit additional feedback on the manual itself. The survey utilized a 1-5 rating scale with 1 representing no awareness, knowledge, or comfort and 5 representing absolute awareness, knowledge, and comfort with different aspects of cultural property protection. Cultural property protection value was highest pre and post training while knowledge regarding recovery of property was rated lowest pre and post training. Results are encouraging for the pursuit of cultural property education. Further studies should include knowledge assessment versus self rating as well as tracking of incidents and outcomes in the field. Implications for mission readiness and success are discussed. PMID:24741471

Svec, Leedjia

2014-01-01

2

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu The Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML and structures · Integrated Cultural Resource Management Plans (ICRMPs) · Archaeological resource monitoring

3

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY 575.6 ...Registrar, United States Military Academy, West Point...the United States Army Military Personnel Center, HQDA...

2010-07-01

4

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY 575.6 ...Registrar, United States Military Academy, West Point...the United States Army Military Personnel Center, HQDA...

2011-07-01

5

Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills

Keats, Patrice A.

2010-01-01

6

Job Satisfaction and the Perceived Organizational Culture of U.S. Military and Military Affiliated Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between demographic characteristics, level of job satisfaction, and current/preferred organizational culture in a sample of 139 off-campus military degree program participants. Responses were received from undergraduate students in the fields of engineering, applied sciences and arts, and education. "The Job

Diffenauer, Deborah A.

2010-01-01

7

Breaking Down Cultural Barriers to Military Entry into Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to identify a problem in higher education that needed a new solution and draft a viable proposal for how to resolve it. I chose the problem of cultural barriers that veterans often face when attempting to return to many universities following military service. The method used was a combination of existing literature

Hollis, Michael J.

2009-01-01

8

Identification of nucleosides and nucleobases from cultured Cordyceps militaris.  

PubMed

Four nucleosides and seven nucleobases were isolated from the BuOH subfraction of the extract of cultured Cordyceps militaris; one of them, 6-acetylpurine (1) is a new natural compound. The structure of I was determined on the basis of HR-ESI-MS, and I D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis. PMID:25026707

Chen, Li-Hua; Yang, Min-Juan; Guan, Yong-Mei; Zhu, Wei-Feng; Huang, Hui-Lian

2014-05-01

9

Isolation, purification and identification of polysaccharides from cultured Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four polysaccharides from the water extract of cultured Cordyceps militaris were isolated through ethanol precipitation, deproteination and gel-filtration chromatography. Their molecular weights were determined using gel-filtration chromatography. Among the four isolated polysaccharides, the structures of two of them (CPS-2 and CPS-3) were elucidated by sugar analysis, Smith degradation, IR and 13CNMR spectroscopy.

Rongmin Yu; Lei Wang; Hui Zhang; Changxin Zhou; Yu Zhao

2004-01-01

10

Production of cordycepin by surface culture using the medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The production conditions of cordycepin (3?-deoxyadenosine), which is a kind of nucleoside analogue, were investigated by a surface culture using Cordyceps militaris NBRC 9787. About 98% of the cordycepin synthesized by Cordyceps militaris was secreted into the culture medium, and other nucleic acid-related compounds except for cordycepin and guanine were only slightly observed in the medium. The preferable nitrogen source

Mina Masuda; Eriko Urabe; Akihiko Sakurai; Mikio Sakakibara

2006-01-01

11

CIVIL-MILITARY GAP AND MILITARY EFFECTIVENESS: THE IMPACT OF IDEOLOGY AND MILITARY EXPERIENCE GAP ON DEFENSE SPENDING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1952-2000  

E-print Network

-Volunteer Military in the United States," The Journal of Economic Perspectives 15, no. 2 (2001). 25 William T Bianco and Jamie Markham, "Vanishing Veterans: The Decline of Military Experience in the U.S. Congress," in Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil... Laura L. Miller and John Allen Williams, "Do Military Policies on Gender and Sexuality Undermine Combat Effectiveness?," in Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security, ed. P Feaver and RH Kohn (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT...

Lee, Byeonggu

2010-01-01

12

United States Special Operations command professional military education .  

E-print Network

??The United States Special Operations Command does not have an intermediate-level professional military education program for its officers. Current service-provided PME programs are not adequately (more)

Dexter, Robert M.

2013-01-01

13

Suicide in The United States Military and Other Nations Militaries: A Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

The completion of suicide is permanent and tragic with long term repercussions affecting everyone who knew the victim. Suicidal ideations and behaviors can occur across all genders, ages, ethnicities, and nationalities. A recent increase in the suicide rates of active duty United States military personnel has raised alarm. A comprehensive review of the literature published between 1990 to present was

Francesca Piscitelli

2011-01-01

14

Asymmetry of will : the effect of religious radicalism on state military doctrine  

E-print Network

How is a state's military doctrine affected by the presence of radical religious ideology in its military? Using analysis of satellite imagery, recent military exercises, and a series of source interviews, I examine the ...

Lewis, Patrick (Patrick Joseph)

2012-01-01

15

First War Syndrome : military culture, professionalization, and counterinsurgency doctrine  

E-print Network

Counterinsurgency was a persistent and important challenge to military organizations in the second half of the 20th century and seems likely to continue to pose a challenge in the 21st century. This makes understanding how ...

Long, Austin G

2010-01-01

16

Armed forces, states and threats : civil-military institutions and military power in modern democracies  

E-print Network

Two longstanding questions preoccupying political scientists, military officers and policymakers alike are how should and how do political leaders interact with military professionals? This thesis argues that historic ...

DeVore, Marc Ronald

2009-01-01

17

Anti-inflammatory and related pharmacological activities of cultured mycelia and fruiting bodies of Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to elucidate pharmacological activities of Cordyceps militaris. The 70% ethanolic extracts of cultured mycelia (CME) and fruiting bodies (FBE) of Cordyceps militaris were prepared. CME was able to directly scavenge the stable free radical diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), indicating its antioxidant activity. Both CME and FBE showed topical anti-inflammatory activity in the croton oil-induced ear edema in mice. CME

So-Young Won; Eun-Hee Park

2005-01-01

18

COMPUTER GRAPHICS AT THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The highly sophisticated Computer Graphics Laboratory (CGL) (Department of Geography and Computer Science) provides the United States Military ' Academy with a unique state-of-the-art environment for cadet and faculty participation in multilateral funded research projects. The Defense Nuclear Agency has asked the CGL to investigate the use of a plotter hard-copy device driven by an Apple II microcomputer to be

M. Rodrigue; L. Thompson

19

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917  

E-print Network

"A Paranoid State" examines the influence of middle to upper class anxieties through military intelligence officers' investigations of the American public in the First World War. Products of their past, Military Intelligence Department officers...

Strauss, Lon Jeffrey

2012-05-31

20

"The Second American School of Arms": the Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851  

E-print Network

in the antebellum South, including contributions of VMI to the region's burgeoning culture of violence. For example, in The Militant South, John Hope Franklin contends that Southern military schools of the antebellum period were outgrowths of a growing... the perceived threats to their honor while preparing for a possible conflict with the North or take action against potential slave uprisings. Franklin asserts that the schools' founders were "proud of the fact that in time of peace they had made formal...

Wineman, Bradford Alexander

2001-01-01

21

Effects of culture conditions on the mycelial growth and bioactive metabolite production in submerged culture of Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of initial pH value, various nitrogen sources, plant oils, and modes of propagation (shake-flask and static culture) on the production of biomass, exopolysaccharide (EPS), adenosine and, in particular, cordycepin, by Cordyceps militaris CCRC 32219 were investigated. Optimal conditions for mycelial growth, EPS and cordycepin production were observed at relatively low pH. Amongst organic sources, yeast extract (YE) was

Ing-Lung Shih; Kun-Lin Tsai; Chienyan Hsieh

2007-01-01

22

Isolation and biological properties of polysaccharide CPS1 from cultured Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

A polysaccharide from the water extract of cultured Cordyceps militaris was isolated through ethanol precipitation, deproteination and gel-filtration chromatography. Their molecular weight was determined using gel-filtration chromatography. The structure of polysaccharide CPS-1 was elucidated by sugar analysis, Smith degradation, IR and 13CNMR spectroscopy. CPS-1 was shown to possess a significant antiinflammatory activity and suppressed the humoral immunity in mice but

Rongmin Yu; Liyan Song; Yu Zhao; Wen Bin; Lei Wang; Hui Zhang; Yihang Wu; Wencai Ye; Xinsheng Yao

2004-01-01

23

Structural characterization and antioxidant activity of a polysaccharide from the fruiting bodies of cultured Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The water-soluble crude polysaccharides were obtained from the fruiting bodies of cultured Cordyceps militaris by hot water extraction followed by ethanol precipitation. The polysaccharides were successively purified by chromatography on DEAEcellulose-52 and Sephacryl S-100 HR columns, giving main three polysaccharide fractions termed P50-1, P70-1, and P70-2. Structural features of P70-1 were investigated by a combination of chemical and instrumental analysis,

Rongmin Yu; Wei Yang; Liyan Song; Chunyan Yan; Zhang Zhang; Yu Zhao

2007-01-01

24

Current state of OLED technology relative to military avionics requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper will review optical and environmental performance thresholds required for OLED technology to be used on various military platforms. Life study results will be summarized to highlight trends while identifying remaining performance gaps to make this technology viable for future military avionics platforms.

Tchon, Joseph L.; Barnidge, Tracy J.; Hufnagel, Bruce D.; Bahadur, Birendra

2014-06-01

25

[Influence of work factors on health state in personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects].  

PubMed

Complex of occupational studies and medical, statistical research helped to reveal climate, geographic and other factors influencing health state of personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects. Considering peculiarities of occupational activities in various specialists, the authors specified measures to improve medical service for nuclear technical military officers directly working with nuclear ammunition. Practical application of the measures helped to gain 1.5-1.7 times improvement in morbidity parameters among nuclear technical military officers. PMID:25069272

Poluboiarinov, V N; Iusov, I G; Ivanchenko, A V; Turlakov, Iu S

2014-01-01

26

No One Leaves Unchanged: Insights for Civilian Mental Health Care Professionals Into the Military Experience and Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to elucidate an understanding of military culture and experience, so as to better frame the services offered by civilian clinicians. Service members indoctrinated into such an influential culture can experience adjustment problems upon reentry into the larger society, and thus professional counselors and social workers must be ready to address the reintegration process with veteran clients. Furthermore,

Jose E. Coll; Eugenia L. Weiss; Jeffrey S. Yarvis

2011-01-01

27

76 FR 31308 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Defense announces that the following Federal...place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date...m. Members of the public wishing to...Dirksen Building 562, Constitution Avenue,...

2011-05-31

28

SymposiumRace in the United States Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

The editors of Armed Forces and Society asked its fellows to submit research on the all-volunteer force. The editors posed three questions: what are the consequences of the high minority rate in the combat infantry arms, what are the consequences of those who drop out of the military after enlisting, and what is the value of racial integration? This symposium

Charles C. Moskos; John Sibley Butler; Alan Ned Sabrosky; Alvin J. Schexnider

1980-01-01

29

Mechanism of macrophage activation induced by polysaccharide from Cordyceps militaris culture broth.  

PubMed

Mushroom-derived polysaccharides have been shown to stimulate immune responses. Our previous report showed that the novel polysaccharide PLCM isolated from the culture broth of Cordyceps militaris could induce nitric oxide production in the murine macrophage-like cell line RAW264.7. In this study, we show that PLCM enhances immunostimulatory activities such as the release of toxic molecules (nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species), secretion of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-?, and phagocytic uptake in RAW264.7 macrophages. In addition, all the specific inhibitors against the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-?B) (SN50, BAY11-7082, PD98059, SP600125 and SB203580) markedly suppressed the nitric oxide production and phagocytic uptake induced by PLCM. Moreover, antibodies specific to the extracellular domain of Toll-like receptor-2, Toll-like receptor-4 or the macrophage receptor Dectin-1 significantly attenuated PLCM-induced secretion of TNF-?. Our results indicate that the C. militaris polysaccharide activates macrophages through the MAPKs and NF-?B signaling pathways via Toll-like receptor 2, Toll-like receptor 4, and Dectin-1. PMID:25662684

Lee, Jong Seok; Kwon, Duck Soo; Lee, Ki Rim; Park, Jun Myoung; Ha, Suk-Jin; Hong, Eock Kee

2015-04-20

30

Champion of Anzac: General Sir Brudenell White, the First Australian Imperial Force and the emergence of the Australian military culture 1914-18  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a curious fact that Brudenell White remains one of the least known and least analysed of Australia's military commanders. It is curious because White had a profound influence not only on the organisational culture of the First AIF but on the organisational history of the Australian military. This thesis examines White's influence from the perspective of organisational culture

John Bentley

2003-01-01

31

Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use

Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

2010-01-01

32

Any Base USA: The Significance of Military Culture in the Construction of Identity  

E-print Network

A retrospective qualitative study was designed to gain insight into the degree to which an emotional attachment to place assisted in the construction of the personal identities among military dependent children. The premise was that military...

Girard, Jessica Nichole

2014-05-02

33

State of Innovation in Suicide Intervention Research with Military Populations.  

PubMed

A systematic search was performed to identify active, externally funded randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that target suicidal ideation or behavior as a primary or secondary outcome among U.S. military service members, guard-reservists, and veterans. Twenty-three studies were identified, most funded by the U.S. Department of Defense or U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Several innovations were identified based on departures from or modernizations of usual practices and included the targeting of suicide deaths or attempts as primary outcome, delivery of interventions through technology and/or outside clinical settings, and examinations of rarely studied treatments. PMID:25348613

Conner, Kenneth R; Simons, Kelsey

2014-10-28

34

Elucidation and biological activities of a new polysaccharide from cultured Cordyceps militaris.  

PubMed

A novel low-molecular-weight polysaccharide (CMP-1) with antioxidant, immunostimulatory and antitumor activities was isolated from the cultured Cordyceps militaris. The structure of CMP-1 was elucidated by a combination of physicochemical and instrumental analyses, and its average molecular weight was 4.3 kDa. The backbone of CMP-1 was composed of (1 ? 4)-linked ?-D-glucopyranosyl, (1 ? 6)-linked ?-D-glucopyranosyl and (1 ? 4)-linked ?-D-glucopyranosyl residues which branched at O-6. The branches consisted of (1 ? 3)-linked ?-L-rhamnopyranosyl terminated with (1 ? )-linked ?-D-glucopyranosyl residues. The ultrastructure of CMP-1 was further investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The antioxidant assays showed that CMP-1 exhibited free radical-scavenging effects, ferrous ions-chelating ability and reducing power. In vitro test revealed that CMP-1 could significantly stimulate the mouse splenocyte proliferation. The cytotoxicity assay showed that CMP-1 inhibited the proliferation of HT-29, HeLa, HepG2 and K562 cells, with the IC50 values of 137.66, 162.59, 176.29 and 364.01 ?g/mL, respectively. PMID:24507284

Jing, Yongshuai; Cui, Xinlu; Chen, Zhiyan; Huang, Lijiao; Song, Liyan; Liu, Ting; Lv, Wenjie; Yu, Rongmin

2014-02-15

35

Korean Higher Education under the United States Military Government: 1945-1948  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine Korean higher education under the United States Military Government (1945-1948). In order to review this study, the author uses a descriptive analysis methodology. In addition, to research the study systematically, this paper first of all outlines the historic and political context of post-World War II in

Lee, Jeong-Kyu

2006-01-01

36

The 20 year evolution of an energy conversion course at the United States Military Academy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past several years, an energy conversion course offered by the Mechanical Engineering Program at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, has evolved into a cohesive series of lessons addressing three general topical areas: advanced thermodynamics, advanced mechanical system analysis, and direct energy conversion systems. Mechanical engineering majors enroll in Energy Conversion Systems (ME 472)

Margaret Bailey; A. zer Arnas; Robert Potter; Jerry W. Samples

2004-01-01

37

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME I. THE MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOCO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

38

Weapon carrying, physical fighting and gang membership among youth in Washington state military families.  

PubMed

To examine associations between parental military service and school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership among youth. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades of public schools (n = 9,987). Parental military service was categorized as none (reference group), without combat zone deployment, or deployed to a combat zone. Multivariable logistic regression was used to test associations between parental military service and three outcomes: school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership. Standard errors were adjusted for the complex survey design. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting gang membership (OR = 1.8) among girls, and higher odds of physical fighting (OR = 1.6), and gang membership (OR = 1.9) among boys. In 10th/12th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting physical fighting (OR = 2.0) and gang membership (OR = 2.2) among girls, and physical fighting (OR = 2.0), carrying a weapon (OR = 2.3) among boys. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of reporting engagement in school-based physical fighting, school-based weapon carrying, and gang membership, particularly among older youth. Military, school, and public health professionals have a unique, collaborative opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to prevent violence-related behaviors among youth and, ultimately, improve the health and safety of youth in military families. Ideally, such programs would target families and youth before they enter eighth grade. PMID:24463984

Reed, Sarah C; Bell, Janice F; Edwards, Todd C

2014-10-01

39

The United States, Western Europe and military intervention overseas  

SciTech Connect

This book covers the following topics. The United States, Britain and out of area problems, The NATO allies and the Persian Gulf, France, NATO and regional conflict in Africa, Southern Africa and the west in the post Nkometi period; The case of Mozambique.

Coker, C. (London School of Economics (GB))

1988-01-01

40

Trauma Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Women in the United States Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expanding roles of women in the military, and the negative effect of military trauma, make their mental health a priority. This article reviews literature on military trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and the provision of mental health services among females in the U.S. military. The literature suggests that female military personnel experience three main types of trauma, and these are:

Josphine Chaumba; Brian E. Bride

2010-01-01

41

Suicide and Dominant Masculinity Norms Among Current and Former United States Military Servicemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent statistics suggest current and former United States military personnel are at a greater risk for suicide than ever before. Indeed, approximately 300 active-duty servicemen died by suicide in 2009, a population-adjusted death rate exceeding that of civilians (U.S. Department of Defense, 2010). Despite a growing body of literature highlighting the adverse consequences of men's adherence to traditional masculine norms

Shaun Michael Burns; James R. Mahalik

2011-01-01

42

Longitudinal Study of Sleep Patterns of United States Military Academy Cadets  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: The study provided an opportunity to observe sleep patterns in a college-age population attending the United States Military Academy. Design: This 4-year longitudinal study investigated sleep patterns of cadets. A stratified sample of 80 cadets had sleep patterns monitored using actigraphy for 8 months: one month in both fall and spring academic semesters over a 4-year period. Setting: Data were collected at the United States Military Academy, West Point, NY. Participants: Participants were members of the class of 2007 (n1300) ranging in age from 17 to 22 when entering USMA. Measurements and Results: A sample of the class (n = 80) wore wrist activity monitors and completed activity logs for one month in fall and spring academic semesters for the 4-year period. On average over the 4 years, cadets slept < 5.5 h on school nights. Cadets napped extensively, perhaps in an attempt to compensate for chronic sleep debt. Cadets slept more during fall than spring semesters. Male and female cadet sleep patterns varied dramatically, with males consistently receiving less sleep than females (21 m for nighttime sleep and 23 m for daily sleep). Conclusions: Cadet sleep at USMA is related to academic year, semester, season, sex, school day or weekend, and day of the week. These students suffer from chronic sleep debt. Restrictions imposed by the military academy limit the generalizability of the findings to other college age populations. Citation: Miller NL; Shattuck LG; Matsangas P. Longitudinal study of sleep patterns of United States Military Academy cadets. SLEEP 2010;33(12):1623-1631. PMID:21120124

Miller, Nita Lewis; Shattuck, Lawrence G.; Matsangas, Panagiotis

2010-01-01

43

State institutions and social identity: National representation in soldiers' and civilians' interview talk concerning military service.  

PubMed

Theory and research deriving from social identity or self-categorization perspectives often starts out with the presumption that social actors necessarily view societal objects such as nations or states as human categories. However, recent work suggests that this may be only one of a number of forms that societal representation may take. For example, nations may be understood variously as peoples, places, or institutions. This paper presents findings from a qualitative interview study conducted in England, in which soldiers and civilians talked about nationhood in relation to military service. Analysis indicated that, in this context, speakers were often inclined to use the terms 'Britain', 'nation', and 'country' as references to a political institution as opposed to a category of people. In addition, there were systematic differences between the ways in which the two samples construed their nation in institutional terms. The civilians were inclined to treat military service as a matter of obedience to the dictates of the Government of the day. In contrast, the soldiers were more inclined to frame military service as a matter of loyalty to state as symbolically instantiated in the body of the sovereign. Implications for work adopting a social identity perspective are discussed. PMID:18793493

Gibson, Stephen; Condor, Susan

2009-06-01

44

[The cradle of military medicine].  

PubMed

The Kirov Military Medical Academy, included into the State Code of Particularly Valuable Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of the Russian Federation, plays an important role in national military-medical science and education during XVIII and XIX centuries. Today the Kirov Military Medical Academy consists of 7 faculties, 63 departments (52 military departments and 11 civil departments), 31 clinics (17 surgical clinics and 14 therapeutic clinics), center of extracorporeal detoxification, 3 departments, taking part in treatment and diagnostic process, 11 clinical subdivisions, research center consisting of 4 research subdivisions and 2 laboratories, and also 14 research laboratories, 32 supply subdivisions and publications department. Glorious staff and graduates of the Academy took part in all russian wars. All famous medical schools were founded in the Academy in XIX-XX centuries. At the present time the Kirov Military Medical Academy is the main military medical university, leading research center and treatment facility of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. PMID:24738275

Tsygan, V N

2013-12-01

45

Chiropractic practice in military and veterans health care: The state of the literature  

PubMed Central

Objective To summarize scholarly literature that describes practice, utilization, and/or policy of chiropractic services within international active duty and/or veteran health care environments. Data Sources PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and the Index to Chiropractic Literature were searched from their starting dates through June 2009. Review Methods All authors independently reviewed each of the articles to verify that each met the inclusion criteria. Citations of included papers and other pertinent findings were logged in a summary table. Results Thirteen articles were included in this study. Integration of chiropractic care into military or veteran health care systems has been described in 3 systems: the United States Department of Defense, the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Canadian Forces. Conclusion Chiropractic services seem to be included successfully within military and veteran health care facilities. However, there is a great need for additional written evaluation of the processes, policies, practices, and effectiveness of chiropractic services in these environments. PMID:19714234

Green, Bart N.; Johnson, Claire D.; Lisi, Anthony J.; Tucker, John

2009-01-01

46

Challenges Faced by Military Families: Perceptions of United States Marine Corps School Liaisons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The global war on terror has placed a number of stressful demands on service members and their families. Although the military offers a wide range of services and supports to military families, not all families are willing or able to use them. For example, geographically dispersed families can find it challenging to connect with military support

Aronson, Keith R.; Perkins, Daniel F.

2013-01-01

47

State Policymakers: Supporting Military Families with Children. Policy Briefing Series. Issue 15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing work and family responsibilities is particularly difficult for military families with children. While military life has always been demanding, in recent years an increasing number of military personnel in both the Active Duty Force and Selected Reserves have had to confront the additional demands of parenthood. Providing resources to

Brown, Melissa; Lettieri, Chelsea

2008-01-01

48

Suicidal Ideation and Mental Distress Among Adults With Military Service History: Results From 5 US States, 2010  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress in a probability-based sample of adults. Methods. We gathered 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 5 states that asked about past-year suicidal ideation. Military service was defined as current or former active-duty service or National Guard or Reserves service. We stratified analyses into 18 to 39 years, 40 to 64 years, and 65 years and older age groups and used multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographic confounders, to discern the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. Results. Among the 26?736 respondents, 13.1% indicated military service history. After adjusting for several confounders, we found military history status among those aged 40 to 64 years was associated with both past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. We found no significant associations among the younger or older age groups. Conclusions. Differences in suicidal ideation between military and nonmilitary individuals may occur in midlife. Future research should examine the possibility of cohort effects, service era effects, or both. PMID:25100426

Gordon, Adam J.; Bossarte, Robert M.

2014-01-01

49

"The Second American School of Arms": the class="hilite">Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851.  

E-print Network

??The class="hilite">Virginia Military Institute, along with other Southern military colleges, is almost always historically viewed within the context of their contributions during the Civil War. (more)

Wineman, Bradford Alexander

2012-01-01

50

Optimization of Large-Scale Culture Conditions for the Production of Cordycepin with Cordyceps militaris by Liquid Static Culture  

PubMed Central

Cordycepin is one of the most important bioactive compounds produced by species of Cordyceps sensu lato, but it is hard to produce large amounts of this substance in industrial production. In this work, single factor design, Plackett-Burman design, and central composite design were employed to establish the key factors and identify optimal culture conditions which improved cordycepin production. Using these culture conditions, a maximum production of cordycepin was 2008.48?mg/L for 700?mL working volume in the 1000?mL glass jars and total content of cordycepin reached 1405.94?mg/bottle. This method provides an effective way for increasing the cordycepin production at a large scale. The strategies used in this study could have a wide application in other fermentation processes. PMID:25054182

Kang, Chao; Wen, Ting-Chi; Kang, Ji-Chuan; Meng, Ze-Bing; Li, Guang-Rong; Hyde, Kevin D.

2014-01-01

51

Cross-cultural and factorial validity of PTSD check listmilitary version (PCL-M) in Sinhalese language  

PubMed Central

Background There are currently no validated instruments to assess the burden of combat-related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Sinhalesethe main spoken language in Sri Lanka. Objective The purpose of this research was to establish the cross-cultural and structural validity of the PTSD Check ListMilitary Version (PCL-M) translated into Sinhalese. Methods Expert committee consensus generation as well as translationback translation approaches were used to establish the semantic, conceptual, and content equivalence of the Sinhalese and English versions of the PCL-M. Four translations of each item were made. In the absence of any gold standard psychometric instrument in Sinhalese to establish the criterion validity for the PCL-M (SIN), the study utilized more informal checks for assessment of validity and Sri Lankan cutoffs for caseness for PTSD to establish the psychometric strength of the translated instrument along with standard reliability analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed on PCL-M scoring of a random sample of 1,586 soldiers to examine construct validity. Results Thirteen of the 17 items were selected by popular vote, and the remaining 4 through discussion and consensus. Reliability measured by Cronbach's-? was 0.944 for the total scale and 0.812, 0.869, and 0.895 for the three DSM-IV sub-scales (re-experiencing, avoidance/numbing, and hyperarousal), respectively. The desired cutoff point for the translated instrument was determined to be 44. The five-factor model by Elhai et al. and the four-factor model by King et al. fitted best, demonstrating good fit to all three fit indices, while the four-factor model and the DSM-IV three-factor model by Simms et al. only had acceptable levels of fit for root mean squared error of approximation. ?2 difference test comparing the two better-fitting models suggests that the five-factor model by Elhai et al. has the better fit. Conclusion The PCL-M (SIN) version is suitable for use in the study of PTSD in the Sri Lankan military forces, as judged by cross-cultural and construct validity as well as reliability. PMID:23412918

Semage, Saveen N.; Sivayogan, Sivagurunadan; Forbes, David; O'Donnell, Meaghan; Monaragala, Roshan M. M.; Lockwood, Emma; Dunt, David

2013-01-01

52

Clerics, Exiles, and Academics: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States, 1969-1974  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtually no one in the United States raised objections to the 1964 military takeover of the Brazilian civilian government. In the early 1970s, however, the Brazilian regime had become associated with torture and the arbitrary rule of law. By the end of that decade, compliance with human rights standards had developed into a yardstick for measuring U.S. foreign policy initiatives

James N. Green

2003-01-01

53

The Fort Lewis maternity care project: a pioneering program for enlisted military families in a Prewar Washington State Community.  

PubMed

The Fort Lewis maternity project begun in Tacoma, Washington in 1941, was considered a pioneering project that met the identified maternal/child health care needs of enlisted military families. From the outset, local medical leaders as well as Children's Bureau advisors intended that the project would provide physician-managed pregnancy as well as hospital births and that public health nursing would play a critical role in this maternal/child initiative. The project proved so successful that the model of care established under this program was reinterpreted to meet similar needs for military families in other states as America entered World War II. PMID:24892858

Powell, Nena J

2014-01-01

54

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY MUSHROOM CULTURE COLLECTION  

E-print Network

#34752; 1981 (Hmk) 416 Cross #34767 X 34752 Agaricus bernardii 772 ATCC 52974;9/93 Agaricus bisporus M1. bisporus W14 J.W. Sinden; formerly A. rodmanii Agaricus campestris 83 J. Hill #3; 10/18/84 413 #685 CanadaTHE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY MUSHROOM CULTURE COLLECTION March 4, 2014 Agaricus abruptibulbus

Guiltinan, Mark

55

32 CFR 728.43 - Members of other foreign military services and their dependents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...services include only: (1) Military personnel carried on the current Diplomatic...Department of State. (2) Military personnel assigned or attached to United...States military units for duty; military personnel on foreign military...

2011-07-01

56

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME II. WASTEWATER CHARACTERIZATION  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOGO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

57

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME III. WASTEWATER TREATMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOCO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

58

afterdeployment.org: A Web-Based Multimedia Wellness Resource for the Postdeployment Military Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Practicing psychologists and other health professionals are facing a growing patient population of United States military service members with significant psychological and behavioral health concerns returning from war zones in Afghanistan and Iraq. Some of these issues are new and unfamiliar to many health providers. Furthermore, because of a military culture of self-reliance, strength, and the perceived stigma of seeking

Nigel E. Bush; Charles P. Bosmajian; Jonathan M. Fairall; Russell A. McCann; Robert P. Ciulla

2011-01-01

59

Promoting Exemplary Teaching: The Case of the U.S. Military Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Means of honoring teaching at the United States Military Academy (New York) are discussed. The internal debate over teaching awards within this specific academic culture, in which faculty are mostly military officers, is examined and alternatives for honoring teaching are explored. Currently, a teaching academy provides faculty development in

Forsythe, George B.; Ganolfo, Anita

1996-01-01

60

A ugust 2012 Defending the "Penn State Culture"  

E-print Network

1/3 A ugust 2012 Defending the "Penn State Culture" As I sit to write this column, I find myself increasingly at odds with the broad-brush tarring of Penn State's culture as cited in both the Freeh Report and the NCAA consent order. As the latter document stated: "Indeed the culture exhibited at Penn State

Maroncelli, Mark

61

32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military Order, the Secretary...

2012-07-01

62

Smokeless Tobacco Use in the United States Military: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Smokeless tobacco (ST) use represents an important target for intervention in the U.S. military population because it impairs military readiness and harms the health of the military. This paper aims to provide a systematic review of ST studies conducted in the U.S. military population in order to assess the content of existing ST research in this population, provide estimates of prevalence and clinically relevant use patterns, and discuss how these findings might be used to guide future ST research among this population. Methods: We reviewed articles published through December 2010 using PubMed and PsycINFO databases, Google Scholar, and any relevant articles reference lists. Inclusion criteria included focus on a U.S. military sample, English language, measured tobacco use, and ST prevalence was reported or could be calculated. To the extent possible, each article was coded for demographics, socioeconomic status, prevalence, amount, frequency, and length of use, and quit intentions/attempts. Results: Thirty-nine articles met criteria for inclusion. Less than half focused primarily on ST use among military personnel. The remaining studies measured ST use in the context of other behaviors. Findings related to clinically relevant behaviors included a need for more cohort and intervention studies, a better understanding of ST use in combination with cigarettes (i.e., concurrent use), and identifying risk factors for ST initiation and use. Discussion: ST use is prevalent among military personnel, as is concurrent use of cigarettes and ST. We provide a number of recommendations to guide future research in this important, yet understudied, area. PMID:22123789

Hunt, Yvonne M.; Augustson, Erik

2012-01-01

63

32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United...DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO...Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the...

2011-07-01

64

32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United...DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO...Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the...

2010-07-01

65

Analysis of the Effects of Individual Differences on Cognitive Performance for the Development of Military Socio-Cultural Performance Moderators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological devices are ubiquitous in nearly every facet of society. There are substantial investments made in organizations on a daily basis to improve information technology. From a military perspective, the ultimate goal of these highly sophisticated devices is to assist soldiers in achieving mission success across dynamic and often chaotic

Bagley, Katherine G.

2012-01-01

66

Evaluation of metal ions and surfactants effect on cell growth and exopolysaccharide production in two-stage submerged culture of Cordyceps militaris.  

PubMed

During the two-stage submerged fermentation of medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris, it was found that K(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), and Mn(2+) were favorable to the mycelial growth. The EPS production reached the highest levels in the media containing Mg(2+) and Mn(2+). However, Ca(2+) and K(+) almost failed to increase significantly exopolysaccharides (EPS) production. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) significantly enhanced EPS production compared with that of without adding SDS when SDS was added on static culture stage of two-stage cultivation process. The presence of Tween 80 in the medium not only simulated mycelial growth but also increased EPS production. By response surface methods (RSM), EPS production reached its peak value of 3.28 g/L under optimal combination of 27.6 mM Mg(2+), 11.1 mM Mn(2+), and 0.05 mM SDS, which was 3.76-fold compared with that of without metal ion and surfactant. The results obtained were useful in better understanding the regulation for efficient production of EPS of C. militaris in the two-stage submerged culture. PMID:22956301

Cui, Jian-Dong; Zhang, Ya-Nan

2012-11-01

67

75 FR 9763 - Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2120-AJ54 Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside...renewals from U.S. military and civilian personnel (U.S. personnel...assignments for both military and civilian personnel. Because of the...

2010-03-04

68

75 FR 19877 - Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2120-AJ54 Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside...renewals from U.S. military and civilian personnel (U.S. personnel...on Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned...

2010-04-16

69

Biofilms and persistent wound infections in United States military trauma patients: a casecontrol analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Complex traumatic injuries sustained by military personnel, particularly when involving extremities, often result in infectious complications and substantial morbidity. One factor that may further impair patient recovery is the persistence of infections. Surface-attached microbial communities, known as biofilms, may play a role in hindering the management of infections; however, clinical data associating biofilm formation with persistent or chronic infections are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the production of bacterial biofilms as a potential risk factor for persistent infections among wounded military personnel. Methods Bacterial isolates and clinical data from military personnel with deployment-related injuries were collected through the Trauma Infectious Disease Outcomes Study. The study population consisted of patients with diagnosed skin and soft-tissue infections. Cases (wounds with bacterial isolates of the same organism collected 14days apart) were compared to controls (wounds with non-recurrent bacterial isolates), which were matched by organism and infectious disease syndrome. Potential risk factors for persistent infections, including biofilm formation, were examined in a univariate analysis. Data are expressed as odds ratios (OR; 95% confidence interval [CI]). Results On a per infected wound basis, 35 cases (representing 25 patients) and 69 controls (representing 60 patients) were identified. Eight patients with multiple wounds were utilized as both cases and controls. Overall, 235 bacterial isolates were tested for biofilm formation in the casecontrol analysis. Biofilm formation was significantly associated with infection persistence (OR: 29.49; CI: 6.24-infinity) in a univariate analysis. Multidrug resistance (OR: 5.62; CI: 1.02-56.92), packed red blood cell transfusion requirements within the first 24hours (OR: 1.02; CI: 1.01-1.04), operating room visits prior to and on the date of infection diagnosis (OR: 2.05; CI: 1.09-4.28), anatomical location of infected wound (OR: 5.47; CI: 1.65-23.39), and occurrence of polymicrobial infections (OR: 69.71; CI: 15.39-infinity) were also significant risk factors for persistent infections. Conclusions We found that biofilm production by clinical strains is significantly associated with the persistence of wound infections. However, the statistical power of the analysis was limited due to the small sample size, precluding a multivariate analysis. Further data are needed to confirm biofilm formation as a risk factor for persistent wound infections. PMID:24712544

2014-01-01

70

Torturing byonState Actors Invisibilized, A Patr iarchal Divide and Spillover Violence from the Military Sphere into the Domestic Sphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

Processes of inquiry: a questionnaire, web'survey, and the narratives of women detailing how non'state actor torture (NSAT) inflic ted by a mother, father, sibling and guardians who had warring or military experiences, spilled over into the domestic sphere. Discussion illustrates how a patriarchal divide has and does exist internationally and nationally in Canada whereby the defining elements of state torture:

Jeanne Sarson; Linda MacDonald

71

A Framework for Developing Management Goals for Species at Risk and Application to Military Installations in the United States  

SciTech Connect

A decision framework for setting management goals for species at risk is presented. Species at risk are those whose potential future rarity is of concern. Listing these species as threatened or endangered could potentially result in significant restrictions to activities in resource management areas in order to maintain those species. The management areas in the example application are United States (US) military installations, which are concerned about potential restrictions to military training capacity if species at risk become regulated under the US Endangered Species Act. The decision framework, designed to foster proactive management, has nine steps: identify species at risk on and near the management area, describe available information and potential information gaps for each species, determine the potential distribution of species and their habitat, select metrics for describing species status, assess the status of local population or metapopulation, conduct threat assessment, set and prioritize management goals, develop species management plans, and develop criteria for ending special species management where possible. This framework will aid resource managers in setting management goals that minimally impact human activities while reducing the likelihood that species at risk will become rare in the near future. The benefits of the proactive management set forth in this formal decision framework are that it is impartial, provides a clear procedure, calls for identification of causal relationships that may not be obvious, provides a way to target the most urgent needs, reduces costs, enhances public confidence, and, most importantly, decreases the chance of species becoming more rare.

Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Jager, Yetta [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Westervelt, James D. [ERDC-CERL

2009-01-01

72

A framework for developing management goals for species at risk with examples from military installations in the United States.  

PubMed

A decision framework for setting management goals for species at risk is presented. Species at risk are those whose potential future rarity is of concern. Listing these species as threatened or endangered could potentially result in significant restrictions to activities in resource management areas in order to maintain those species. The decision framework, designed to foster proactive management, has nine steps: identify species at risk on and near the management area, describe available information and potential information gaps for each species, determine the potential distribution of species and their habitat, select metrics for describing species status, assess the status of local population or metapopulation, conduct threat assessment, set and prioritize management goals, develop species management plans, and develop criteria for ending special species management where possible. This framework will aid resource managers in setting management goals that minimally impact human activities while reducing the likelihood that species at risk will become rare in the near future. The management areas in many of the examples are United States (US) military installations, which are concerned about potential restrictions to military training capacity if species at risk become regulated under the US Endangered Species Act. The benefits of the proactive management set forth in this formal decision framework are that it is impartial, provides a clear procedure, calls for identification of causal relationships that may not be obvious, provides a way to target the most urgent needs, reduces costs, enhances public confidence, and, most importantly, decreases the chance of species becoming more rare. PMID:19830479

Efroymson, Rebecca; Jager, Henriette; Dale, Virginia; Westervelt, James

2009-12-01

73

Multi-Cultural Greek Council The Ohio State University  

E-print Network

Multi-Cultural Greek Council The Ohio State University Constitution Article I - Name The name to Executive Board elections, Constitutional Amendments, or prospective membership in the MCGC of new of this organization shall be the Multi-Cultural Greek Council (MCGC) at The Ohio State University. Article II

74

Explaining civil-military relations in Southeast Asia  

E-print Network

Civil-military relations describe the interactions and balance of power between the civilians and the military in a nation state. Due to the organizational apparatus and capacity for forcible coercion that the military ...

Kwok, Jia-Chuan

2010-01-01

75

Consequences of Making Weight: A Review of Eating Disorder Symptoms and Diagnoses in the United States Military  

PubMed Central

Eating disorders are serious psychiatric illnesses associated with health problems. Such problems may compromise military performance, highlighting the need to establish the level of eating pathology that exists in military samples. This article qualitatively reviews prevalence estimates of eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses in military samples, providing nonmilitary estimates for context. Findings suggest that eating disorder symptoms are prevalent in cadets and active duty service members, especially when using self-report measures. The increased salience of weight in the military and increased exposure to trauma may influence risk for eating disorders. Alternatively, individuals at risk for eating disorders may self-select into the military. Overall, this review suggests that eating disorder symptoms are common in military samples and that further research is warranted. PMID:25642105

Bodell, Lindsay; Forney, Katherine Jean; Keel, Pamela; Gutierrez, Peter; Joiner, Thomas E.

2015-01-01

76

Evaluation of mouthguards for the prevention of orofacial injuries during United States Army basic military training.  

PubMed

Beginning in January 2000, all individuals participating in basic military training at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, were issued boil-and-bite mouthguards. From January 2000 to March 2001, trainees were required to wear mouthguards only for a single activity, pugil stick training. After March 2001, mouthguards were required for four activities including pugil stick training, unarmed combat, rifle/bayonet training, and the confidence/obstacle course. Dentists systematically tracked trainees who reported to the dental clinic with orofacial injuries during three periods: January 2000-March 2001 (phase 1), April-September 2001 (phase 2) and September 2002-June 2003 (phase 3). Orofacial injury rates were 3.35, 1.89 and 1.91 cases/10,000 person-years in phases 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The overall risk of an orofacial injury was 1.76 (95% confidence interval = 1.03-3.02) times higher in phase 1 compared with the combined phases 2 and 3 (P = 0.006). Thus, orofacial injury rates were lower when mouthguards were required for four training activities as opposed to one training activity. Mouthguards are now required at all five Army basic training sites when trainees are performing any of the four training activities. PMID:18173673

dela Cruz, Georgia G; Knapik, Joseph J; Birk, Marcella G

2008-02-01

77

Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on wounded warriors, most military undergraduates are not physically or psychologically disabled and can be stigmatized by the

Ted C. Bonar; Paula L. Domenici

2011-01-01

78

The military lens : doctrinal differences, misperception, and deterrence failure in Sino-American relations  

E-print Network

Nations, because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures can have dramatically different beliefs about the nature of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. This dissertation ...

Twomey, Christopher P

2005-01-01

79

CLAM CULTURE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR  

E-print Network

CLAM CULTURE IN JAPAN UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE LEAFLET FL AND WILDLIFE SERV"ICE, Albert M. Day, Director Washington 25, D. C. CLAM CULTURE IN JAPAN Leaflet FL-399 t 32 33 3 3 36 37 38 3P 40 4 1 42 43 44 4'46 144· 3. · #12;CLAM CULTURE I N JAPAB by A. R. Cahn #12

80

Attachment and Culture: Security in the United States and Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights evidence of cultural variations in child attachment, noting how western values and meanings permeate attachment theory. Comparisons of the United States and Japan emphasize the cultural relativity of three core hypotheses of attachment theory related to: caregiver sensitivity, child social competence, and a secure base for exploring the

Rothman, Fred; Weisz, John; Pott, Martha; Morelli, Gilda; Miyake, Kazuo

2000-01-01

81

Military Authority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article looks at how

Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

2001-01-01

82

SPECIES PROFILE: HENSLOW'S SPARROW (AMMODRAMUS HENSLOWII) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The Henslow's sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii) is a small passerine bird that breeds in the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada and winters in the mid-Atlantic and Gulf Coast States. Its breeding range extends from New England and southern Ontario through the G...

83

SPECIES PROFILE: BACHMAN'S SPARROW (AIMOPHILA AESTIVALIS) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES.  

EPA Science Inventory

The Bachman's sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis) is a small ground-nesting sparrow that is endemic to the southeastern United States. The former breeding range extended into the midwestern and northeastern States but has contracted to its current general limits of North Carolina, Ken...

84

Evaluation of noise around military installations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Noise is one of the most common adverse environmental factors. Military bases and airports and the areas surrounding them are affected by acoustic impact. The problem of military noise is researched in this article. Since 2004 iauliai Airport has been the site of NATO forces base in the Baltic States for the protection of the region's airspace. Military aircraft are

Valentina Vilutien?; Gytautas Ignatavi?ius

2011-01-01

85

SPECIES PROFILE: EASTERN INDIGO SNAKE (DTYMARCHON CORAIS COUPERI) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The eastern indigo snake (Dtymarchon corais couperi) is an uncommon, large-bodied snake occurring in the southeastern United States, primarily in southern Alabama and Georgia and most of Florida. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed the species as Federally threatened in 197...

86

SPECIES PROFILE: SOUTHERN HOGNOSE SNAKE (HETERODON SIMUS) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The southern hognose snake (Heterodon simus) is the smallest of the hognose snakes, occurring in the southeastern United States, from southeastern North Carolina to South & Central Florida and west to Southern Mississippi and Southeastern Louisiana. The species is a former candid...

87

Native American History, Culture Gaining Traction in State Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, the Montana Constitution has made preservation of American Indian culture an explicit educational goal. Educators did little about it until 2004, when the state supreme court ruled that Montana had ignored its responsibility to teach about the state's seven tribes. That ruling jump-started an effort that has yielded curriculum

Zehr, Mary Ann

2008-01-01

88

Examining the relationship between coping strategies and suicidal desire in a sample of United States military personnel.  

PubMed

Suicidal desire in the military has been previously examined through the lens of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS). However, no research has examined the impact of specific coping strategies on perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicidal ideation in a large population of individuals serving in the US military. Furthermore, the factor structure of previously utilized coping clusters did not apply to our sample of military personnel. Therefore, we found a three-factor solution to be tested in this sample. We hypothesized that specific types of coping behavior clusters (Adaptive and Maladaptive) would predict both IPTS constructs and suicidal ideation. Results indicated that Adaptive and Maladaptive coping clusters predicted the IPTS constructs in the hypothesized directions. However, only the Maladaptive cluster predicted suicidal ideation. These findings implicate the need for further research and suicide prevention efforts focusing on coping strategies, specifically those that are maladaptive in nature, in relation to suicidal ideation in military members. PMID:25480664

Khazem, Lauren R; Law, Keyne C; Green, Bradley A; Anestis, Michael D

2014-11-18

89

75 FR 62439 - The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...20416. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is hereby given that as a result of Public Law 106-50, the Veterans Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development Act of 1999, and the Military Reservist and Veteran Small Business...

2010-10-08

90

Protopectinase production in solid state culture of Aspergillus awamori  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryProtopectinases (PPases) are a heterogeneous group of enzymes that release water soluble pectin from insoluble protopectin\\u000a in plant tissues by restricted degradation of the substrate. In all cases reported to date, PPases of bacterial or yeast origin\\u000a were produced in liquid culture. Here, we describe the growth and PPase production ofAspergillus awamori IFO 4033 in solid state culture.\\u000a \\u000a Petri dishes

Takuo Sakai

1994-01-01

91

Assessing the state of organizational safetyculture or climate?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the concepts of safety culture and safety climate in an attempt to determine which is the more useful\\u000a for describing an organization's state of safety. From a review of the literature purporting to measure safety culture or\\u000a safety climate, it is argued that, although the two terms are often interchangeable, they are actually distinct but related\\u000a concepts

Kathryn J. Mearns; Rhona Flin

1999-01-01

92

14 CFR Sfar No. 100 - 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned...Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned...notification of personnel action, or equivalent...100-2; (b) Military orders...

2011-01-01

93

Multiplying steady-state culture in multi-reactor system.  

PubMed

Cultivation of microorganisms in batch experiments is fast and economical but the conditions therein change constantly, rendering quantitative data interpretation difficult. By using chemostat with controlled environmental conditions the physiological state of microorganisms is fixed; however, the unavoidable stabilization phase makes continuous methods resource consuming. Material can be spared by using micro scale devices, which however have limited analysis and process control capabilities. Described herein are a method and a system combining the high throughput of batch with the controlled environment of continuous cultivations. Microorganisms were prepared in one bioreactor followed by culture distribution into a network of bioreactors and continuation of independent steady state experiments therein. Accelerostat cultivation with statistical analysis of growth parameters demonstrated non-compromised physiological state following distribution, thus the method effectively multiplied steady state culture of microorganisms. The theoretical efficiency of the system was evaluated in inhibitory compound analysis using repeated chemostat to chemostat transfers. PMID:24861314

Erm, Sten; Adamberg, Kaarel; Vilu, Raivo

2014-11-01

94

Cultural Immersion in Indonesia through Pancasila: State Ideology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers guidelines for Westerners seeking to gain an understanding of Indonesian culture. Explains the five principles or Silas of Pancasila, which serves as both the state ideology and civil religion of Indonesia. Considers other sources of the country's value system. Discusses the implications of Pancasila for Westerners conducting business in

Fitch, Robert M.; Webb, Sheila Anne

1989-01-01

95

Regionalism, Cultural Diversity and the State in Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses historical institutionalism to explain Spain's contemporary regional-cultural identities. Shows how these identities were molded by various historical forms of the Spanish state. Discusses four such forms in light of their impact on the country's identity landscape. (Author/VWL)

Lecours, Andre

2001-01-01

96

National Military Family Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Military Families in 2014. Apply for Military Spouse Scholarships We want to help military spouses gain meaningful ... the ways we do this is by offering scholarships to spouses of all Uniformed Services. Apply Now! ...

97

Twilight States: Sleepwalking, Liminal Consciousness, and Sensational Selfhood in Victorian Literature and Culture.  

E-print Network

??Twilight States: Sleepwalking, Liminal Consciousness, and Sensational Selfhood in Victorian Literature and Culture argues that sleepwalking was everywhere in nineteenth-century culture, both as a topic (more)

Wigginton, Rebecca

2015-01-01

98

Translating sexual assault prevention from a college campus to a United States military installation: piloting the know-your-power bystander social marketing campaign.  

PubMed

One population that shares both similar and different characteristics with traditional college-age students is the U.S. Military. Similarities include a high concentration of 18- to 26-year-olds dealing with new found independence, peer pressure, and the presence of social norms that support violence and hypermasculinity. Sexual violence is a major public health problem in the United States, and because of the similarities in the age group of college and military populations, the problems regarding sexual violence in both constituencies have been well-documented. In the current pilot study we seek to add to both current knowledge about and promising practices of translating prevention strategies from one target audience to another. We describe how we translated, administered, and evaluated a bystander intervention social marketing campaign focused on sexual assault prevention that had been found to significantly affect attitude change on a college campus for a U.S. Army installation in Europe. In addition to demonstrating the process of translating prevention strategies across target audiences, findings from this pilot study contribute to the evaluation data on the effectiveness of sexual violence prevention strategies implemented with members of the U.S. Military. From our analysis, we see that research participants indicate that the degree to which the images resonate with them and the familiarity of the context (i.e., social self-identification) significantly effect the participants' personal responsibility for reducing sexual assault, confidence in acting as a bystander, and reported engagement as a bystander. PMID:22080576

Potter, Sharyn J; Stapleton, Jane G

2012-05-01

99

Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on "wounded

Bonar, Ted C.; Domenici, Paula L.

2011-01-01

100

Fighting with Gender: Understanding the Contemporary Combat Experiences of Servicewomen and Servicemen in the United States Military  

E-print Network

said they did not plan to engage in sexual intercourse while deployed; consequently, some did not use contraception methods. Many servicewomen who chose oral contraception pills (OCPs) (whether as a hormonal method for menstrual suppression.... Furthermore, many military women have no plans to become mothers. The belief that they do or should is an outdated ideological assumption. The ability for women to control reproduction through contraceptives enables them to train and deploy for combat...

Serrato, Margie

2013-05-03

101

Degraded Modes and the `Culture of Coping' in Military Operations: An Analysis of a Fatal Incident On-Board HMS Tireless on 20/21 March 2007  

E-print Network

Engineering. Abstract In many military operations, weapons safety is compromised by 'degraded modes problem in naval operations in remote regions where it may not be possible to source replacement parts Applied Physics Laboratory Ice Station in the North of Alaska. At the time of the accident, the submarine

Johnson, Chris

102

45 CFR 618.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Military and merchant marine educational institutions...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions...States or for the merchant...

2012-10-01

103

45 CFR 618.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Military and merchant marine educational institutions...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions...States or for the merchant...

2013-10-01

104

45 CFR 618.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

...false Military and merchant marine educational institutions...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions...States or for the merchant...

2014-10-01

105

45 CFR 618.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Military and merchant marine educational institutions...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION...210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions...States or for the merchant...

2011-10-01

106

32 CFR 536.74 - Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act 536.74 Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) The guidance...destruction of, property: (1) Caused by military personnel or civilian employees...

2011-07-01

107

32 CFR 536.75 - Claims payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act 536.75 Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) General...1) Caused by an act or omission of military personnel or civilian employees of the DA...

2011-07-01

108

Military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Nurses' awareness of MST as a specific type of sexual assault within the military culture and sensitivity to the physical and psychological symptoms are important aspects of care. Nurses must treat the physical and emotional components of sexual assault in all settings; however, referral to the veterans administration programs and resources is key for the woman veteran to receive the specialized care developed by the healthcare system. Women veterans who have PTSD from MST and combat exposure are prone to depression, suicide and substance use/abuse. Nurses must not fear asking the woman if she is having suicidal thoughts or has a plan and intent to follow through with the plan. MST and PTSD may result in internalized anger, shame, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness and powerlessness. Patient safety is of utmost importance. Assessing Patients for Sexual Violence, A Guide for Health Care Providers (2009) is a useful resource for nurses. The National Center for PTSD (2009) newsletter on the topic of MST includes a list of research studies. The work of Benedict (2007) and Corbett (2007) provide additional personal accounts of women soldiers who were in the Middle East conflicts. The nurse's referral to specialized services to treat MST and PTSD with evidence-based therapies is a crucial first step in the resiliency and well-being of these brave women who have served in all branches of the U.S. military. PMID:22359967

Wieland, Diane M; Haley, Jenna L; Bouder, Michelle

2011-12-01

109

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels. A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2014-04-01

110

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels . A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2012-04-01

111

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels . A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2010-04-01

112

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels . A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2011-04-01

113

22 CFR 126.6 - Foreign-owned military aircraft and naval vessels, and the Foreign Military Sales program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...United States on a military aircraft or naval vessel of that government or organization or via the Defense Transportation Service (DTS). (b) Foreign military aircraft and naval vessels . A license is not required for the entry into the United...

2013-04-01

114

A World of Peace and Military Landscapes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines "peace landscapes" as areas having a virtual absence of conflict, such the border between the United States and Canada. Identifies "military landscapes" as those having intense military conflicts, as in the Iran-Iraq war. Examines the components of these landscapes and identifies the contributions geographers can make to better understand

Brunn, Stanley D.

1987-01-01

115

32 CFR 728.44 - Members of security assistance training programs, foreign military sales, and their ITO...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Program (SATP), Foreign Military Sales (FMS) personnel and their dependents...comparable United States military personnel and their dependents except...comparable United States military personnel and their dependents...

2011-07-01

116

Strengthening Our Military Families  

MedlinePLUS

... to quality child care remains a focus of leadership and families across the Armed Forces. Military families ... an expert in military issues to make a difference. Every American can do something. Michelle Obama and ...

117

ADHD and the Military  

MedlinePLUS

ADHD and the Military Can't find what you're looking for? Our health information specialists are ... 800-233-4050 or online . Can Individuals with ADHD Join the Military? Finding accurate information about whether ...

118

Warrior culture, spirituality, and prayer.  

PubMed

Research has shown an increase in suicides by military veterans and law enforcement officers in the United States. Etiologic research elucidates warrior culture and subculture as contributing factors of this pathology. This paper examines the idiosyncratic nature and influence of warrior culture and subculture and offers recommendations to promote culture change. Faith-based spirituality and prayer are examined as adjunct modalities for stress management and emotional healing. Further research is recommended to assess the associated hidden cost factors and long-term financial impact of warrior culture on society. PMID:23430532

Malmin, Mark

2013-09-01

119

Military Risk Assessment  

E-print Network

Military Risk Assessment: From Conventional Warfare to Counter Insurgency Operations C.W. Johnson 8 reserved. ISBN 978-0-85261-933-9 #12;Military Risk Assessment 3 Contents 1 An Introduction to Military Risk Management ............................................. 10 1.1 Risk Management Processes in MIL STD 882D

Williamson, John

120

Civil-military relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no crisis in American civil-military relations if crisis means the kind of collision between civil and military authority that would breed a coup d'tat or other manifestation of a breakdown of civilian control of the military, such as systematic and open disobedience of orders. But, to a remarkable degree, members of the Defense Task Force agreed that deep

Eliot A. Cohen

1997-01-01

121

Indian History of New York State. Part I: Pre-Iroquoian Cultures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is reported that the New York State Indians, descendants of Asiatic immigrants, participated in leading cultural episodes of the eastern United States. Since their remains illustrate processes of cultural growth, the New York prehistoric cultures are described in terms of archaeological findings under 3 major stages of development: the

Ritchie, William A.

122

An Aspect on the School Culture in Turkey and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to get a better understanding on school culture in the United States and Turkey. In this quantitative investigation, data were collected using the "School Culture Inventory" from 157 teachers in Izmir, Turkey and 161 teachers in the United States. The findings show that both countries have a positive culture. A

Sahin, Semiha

2011-01-01

123

73 FR 49481 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...itself to be culturally affiliated with the objects of cultural patrimony and/or unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2008-08-21

124

Soviet Military Awards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After the fall of the Soviet Union in the winter of 1991, thousands of items of Cold War paraphernalia found ready markets across the world, including the United States. High school and college students were now able to purchase the heavy wool jackets of Soviet and East German troops, and military buffs were able to acquire a number of patches, medals, and other items. The medals were often highly prized, and whether people understood the iconography and symbolism or not, they sought them out just the same. Fortunately for those interested in the wide world of Soviet military awards, there is this fine site which offers photographs and information about the various medals and their respective honors. With over 50 medals on the site, visitors can learn about the Order of October Revolution, the Pilot-Cosmonaut of USSR, and the rather curious Medal for Development of Virgin Lands, which commemorates the "young soviets" who relocated to Siberia, the Volga region, and northern Caucasus. For those whose interest is piqued by this material, there is also a newsletter that visitors can look through online.

125

Quantitative measurement of sulphur formation by steady-state and transient-state continuous cultures of autotrophic Thiobacillus species  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sulphur formation by the obligately chemolithoautotrophic Thiobacillus o and Thiobacillus neapolitanus was studied in aerobic, substrate-limited continuous cultures. The performance of transient-state and steady-state cultures\\u000a was compared using different methods for measuring sulphur production. Below a dilution rate (D) of 0.3 h?1 (at 50% air saturation), sulphate-producing steady states were obtained, and cultures grown with sulphide or thiosulphate\\u000a (at D

G. C. Stefess; R. A. M. Torremans; R. de Schrijver; L. A. Robertson; J. G. Kuenen

1996-01-01

126

From the battlefields to the states: the road to recovery. The role of Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in US military casualty care.  

PubMed

The transformation of the modern battlefield with respect to weaponry, modes of transportation, enemy capabilities and location, as well as technological advances, has greatly altered the tactical approach to the mission. Combat casualty care must continually evolve in response to the differences in types of injury, the number and triage of casualties, timing of treatment, and location of care. These battlefield changes have been demonstrated on a large scale in the global war on terrorism, which includes the military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. The medical response has kept pace with this 21st-century conflict. Even in the new environment of armed conflict and with the advent of new technologies, the principles of managing orthopaedic combat casualties remain clear: preservation of life and limb, skeletal stabilization, and aggressive wound dbridement. For United States service members wounded in the current conflicts, Landstuhl Regional Medical Center is a crucial stop along the road to recovery. PMID:17003206

Tenuta, Joachim J

2006-01-01

127

Culturally Competent HIV Prevention Strategies for Women of Color in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies suggest that aspects of culture be included in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) education efforts in the United States. Few, however, clearly identify specific strategies that respond to the unique cultural issues of women of color. This article reviews the literature for culturally competent HIV prevention efforts for women of colorLatina, African American, Asian Pacific Islander, and Native Americanand

KARLA D. SCOTT; AISHA GILLIAM; KAREN BRAXTON

2005-01-01

128

Disrupted modular organization of resting-state cortical functional connectivity in U.S. military personnel following concussive mild blast-related traumatic brain injury  

PubMed Central

Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been one of the signature injuries of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, neuroimaging studies in concussive mild blast-related TBI have been challenging due to the absence of abnormalities in computed tomography or conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the heterogeneity of the blast-related injury mechanisms. The goal of this study was to address these challenges utilizing single-subject, module-based graph theoretic analysis of resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) data. We acquired 20 minutes of resting-state fMRI in 63 U.S. military personnel clinically diagnosed with concussive blast-related TBI and 21 U.S. military controls who had blast exposures but no diagnosis of TBI. All subjects underwent an initial scan within 90 days post-injury and 65 subjects underwent a follow-up scan 6 to 12 months later. A second independent cohort of 40 U.S. military personnel with concussive blast-related TBI patients served as a validation dataset. The second independent cohort underwent an initial scan within 30 days post-injury. 75% of scans were of good quality, with exclusions primarily due to excessive subject motion. Network analysis of the subset of these subjects in the first cohort with good quality scans revealed spatially localized reductions in participation coefficient, a measure of between-module connectivity, in the TBI patients relative to the controls at the time of the initial scan. These group differences were less prominent on the follow-up scans. The 15 brain areas with the most prominent reductions in participation coefficient were next used as regions of interest (ROIs) for single-subject analyses. In the first TBI cohort, more subjects than would be expected by chance (27/47 versus 2/47 expected, p < 0.0001) had 3 or more brain regions with abnormally low between-module connectivity relative to the controls on the initial scans. On the follow-up scans, more subjects than expected by chance (5/37, p = 0.044) but fewer subjects than on the initial scans had 3 or more brain regions with abnormally low between-module connectivity. Analysis of the second TBI cohort validation dataset with no free parameters provided a partial replication; again more subjects than expected by chance (8/31, p = 0.006) had 3 or more brain regions with abnormally low between-module connectivity on the initial scans, but the numbers were not significant (2/27, p = 0.276) on the follow-up scans. A single-subject, multivariate analysis by probabilistic principal component analysis of the between-module connectivity in the 15 identified ROIs, showed that 31/47 subjects in the first TBI cohort were found to be abnormal relative to the controls on the initial scans. In the second TBI cohort, 9/31 patients were found to be abnormal in identical multivariate analysis with no free parameters. Again, there were not substantial differences on the follow-up scans. Taken together, these results indicate that single-subject, module-based graph theoretic analysis of resting-state fMRI provides potentially useful information for concussive blast-related TBI if high quality scans can be obtained. The underlying biological mechanisms and consequences of disrupted between-module connectivity are unknown, thus further studies are required. PMID:23968735

Han, Kihwan; Mac Donald, Christine L.; Johnson, Ann M.; Barnes, Yolanda; Wierzechowski, Linda; Zonies, David; Oh, John; Flaherty, Stephen; Fang, Raymond; Raichle, Marcus E.; Brody, David L.

2013-01-01

129

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2010-10-01

130

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2013-10-01

131

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2012-10-01

132

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2011-10-01

133

Vaccines for military use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vaccines have long been used by military forces in order to prevent communicable diseases and thereby preserve the fighting force. A tradition that began with the mass vaccination of the Continental Army against smallpox during the War of the American Revolution in the late 18th century continues today with routine and deployment-based vaccination of military forces against potential pathogens of

Andrew. W. Artenstein

2009-01-01

134

Cultural differences in patterns of mood states on board the International Space Station  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on our previous studies of astronauts and cosmonauts, we hypothesized that the patterning of mood states among International Space Station (ISS) crewmembers would vary by culture, regardless of the overall frequency of these states in each cultural group. Russian clinicians recognize a pattern of distress known as asthenia. According to the asthenia model, depression should covary with fatigue. According

Jennifer E. Boyd; Nick Kanas; Vadim I. Gushin; Stephanie Saylor

2007-01-01

135

The cigarette manufacturers' efforts to promote tobacco to the U.S. military.  

PubMed

This article describes findings from review of tobacco industry documents regarding promotion of tobacco to the military, and efforts to influence Department of Defense policies regarding the use and sale of tobacco products. The documents reveal that the industry has targeted the military for decades for reasons including: (1) the volume of worldwide military personnel; (2) the opportunity to attract young men who fit a specific socioeconomic and cultural profile; (3) potential carryover of profits to civilian markets; and (4) the unusual price structure of commissaries and exchanges. The industry used distinctive promotion methods such as in-store merchandising, sponsorships, and even brand development to target the military, both in the United States and abroad during times of conflict. Legislative activity to protect tobacco promotion to this vulnerable population was carried out in response to smoking policy changes proposed by the Department of Defense. The tobacco industry has contributed to the high prevalence of smoking in the military and among veterans. PMID:16435763

Joseph, Anne M; Muggli, Monique; Pearson, Kathryn C; Lando, Harry

2005-10-01

136

Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

137

Mental Health: Military  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Mental Health > People > Military Let's Talk Facts Brochures Healthy Minds, Healthy Lives Blog Key Topics Finding help Caregivers Suicide ... Parity Healthy Minds TV What is a psychiatrist Mental Health Check-up Coping with Disasters Links for more ...

138

Military Expenditure % of GDP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bar chart ranking countries by military expenditures as a percentage of GDP. Shows the militarization of the Middle East and Africa. The chart, perhaps obviously, is dominated by small countries with small GDPs.

139

Veterans and Military Health  

MedlinePLUS

Military service members and veterans face some different health issues than civilians. During combat, the main health concerns are life-threatening injuries. These include Shrapnel and gunshot wounds Lost ...

140

Children's Drawings: A Cross-Cultural Analysis from Japan and the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that children's drawings are reflective of their culture. Drawings of seven- and eight-year-old children from Japan and the United States revealed that Japanese children draw significantly fewer smiles; created larger figures; and have a higher number of details. The findings are interpreted within the context of cultural

LaVoy, S. Kathleen; Pedersen, William C.; Reitz, Jeanne M.; Brauch, Adam A.; Luxenberg, Toni M.; Nofsinger, Chrismon C.

2001-01-01

141

Ball State University Presents a Program to Prepare Teachers for Multi-Cultured Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program to Prepare Teachers for Multi-Cultured Secondary Schools (MULTI-CUL) at Ball State University provides an alternative, elective program open to all enrollees in secondary education who wish to prepare for teaching their subject matter specialities in schools serving adolescents from a variety of cultural, religious, social, and ethnic

Ball State Univ., Muncie, IN.

142

World Film Studies Minor DEPARTMENT OF WORLD LANGUAGES & CULTURES --IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

World Film Studies Minor DEPARTMENT OF WORLD LANGUAGES & CULTURES -- IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY The World Film Studies minor is an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural program in the department of World of the non-English-speaking world. A student seeking a minor in World Film Studies must successfully complete

Mayfield, John

143

Economic and energy analysis of poplar intensive cultures in the Lake States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intensive culture of hybrid poplars in the Lake States with our estimates carries substantial risks and does not yield high monetary returns. Intensive culture projects are primarily of interest to industrial users of wood fiber, who can compare them with other sources of supply before making investment decisions. Nonirrigated production strategies are recommended as long as users find our assumptions

D. Rose; K. Ferguson; D. C. Lothner; J. Zavitkovski

1981-01-01

144

Change in enzyme production by gradually drying culture substrate during solid-state fermentation.  

PubMed

The influence of drying the culture substrate during solid-state fermentation on enzyme production was investigated using a non-airflow box. The drying caused a significant increase in enzyme production, while the mycelium content decreased slightly. This suggests that changes in the water content in the substrate during culture affect enzyme production in fungi. PMID:25488496

Ito, Kazunari; Gomi, Katsuya; Kariyama, Masahiro; Miyake, Tsuyoshi

2014-12-01

145

The Contribution of Education to Cultural Development in the Arab States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Arab states with their rich background of Islamic and Arab civilizations are continuing their efforts to enhance cultural development either through different forms and levels of education or other activities. Attaining better interaction with other nations is the goal of these efforts. The process of coordinating educational and cultural

El Atrash, A. K.

146

Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve conference papers on cultural aspects of second language instruction include: "Towards True Multiculturalism: Ideas for Teachers" (Brian McVeigh); Comparing Cultures Through Critical Thinking: Development and Interpretations of Meaningful Observations" (Laurel D. Kamada); "Authority and Individualism in Japan and the USA" (Alisa Woodring);

1997

147

Military Careers: A Guide to Military Occupations and Selected Military Career Paths, 1992-1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was developed to help educators and youth learn about career opportunities in the military. It is a compendium of military occupational, training, and career information and is designed for use by students interested in the military. The first section, military occupations, contains descriptions of 197 enlisted and officer occupations.

Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

148

Multivitamin and protein supplement use is associated with positive mood states and health behaviors in US Military and Coast Guard personnel.  

PubMed

Approximately 60% of Armed Forces personnel regularly consume dietary supplements (DSs). We investigated the association of mood and health behaviors with multiple classes of DSs in military and Coast Guard personnel (N = 5536). Participants completed a survey of DS use and the Quick Mood Scale to assess mood domains of wakeful-drowsiness, relaxed-anxious, cheerful-depressed, friendly-aggression, clearheaded-confused, and well coordinated-clumsy. Supplements were categorized as multivitamin/minerals (MVM), individual vitamin/minerals, protein/amino acid supplements (PS), combination products (C), herbals (H), purported steroid analogs, (S) and other (O). One-way analyses of covariance assessed associations of DSs and perceived health behavior with mood controlling for age. Logistic regression determined associations between DS use and health behavior. Users of MVM and PS reported feeling significantly (P < 0.05) more awake, relaxed, cheerful, clearheaded, and coordinated. Participants using PS and S reported feeling less friendly (more aggressive, P < 0.02). Users of MVM and PS were more likely to report their general health, eating habits, and fitness level as excellent/good (P < 0.05). Participants reporting health behaviors as excellent/good were more (P < 0.01) awake, relaxed, cheerful, friendly, clearheaded, and coordinated. As no known biological mechanisms can explain such diverse effects of MVM and PS use on multiple mood states, health, eating habits, and fitness, we hypothesize these associations are not causal, and DS intake does not alter these parameters per se. Preexisting differences in mood and other health-related behaviors and outcomes between users versus nonusers of DSs could be a confounding factor in studies of DSs. PMID:25122181

Austin, Krista G; McGraw, Susan M; Lieberman, Harris R

2014-10-01

149

Cultural policy, state politics, and rural economic development : lessons from Maine  

E-print Network

This thesis explores how political actors utilize studies of the arts' impact on state economies to boost -the significance of cultural policy within a given political environment. Specifically, this thesis explains how ...

Christmas, Shannon Stewart

2006-01-01

150

71 FR 42667 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the four unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2006-07-27

151

71 FR 38418 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2006-07-06

152

73 FR 49476 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary object should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2008-08-21

153

71 FR 78462 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2006-12-29

154

70 FR 61838 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2005-10-26

155

73 FR 59650 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2008-10-09

156

73 FR 49479 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the sacred object and/or unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2008-08-21

157

73 FR 49477 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2008-08-21

158

74 FR 28942 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2009-06-18

159

72 FR 65354 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2007-11-20

160

72 FR 71951 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2007-12-19

161

71 FR 5683 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Horner Collection, Oregon State University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Sabah Randhawa, Executive Vice President and Provost, President's Office, Oregon State University, 600 Kerr Administration...

2006-02-02

162

Generational equity in America: A cultural historian's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the issue of generational equity in America through the lenses of cultural history and social criticism. It argues that generational equity reflects broader problems of contemporary aging policy, whose troubles in turn reflect the decline of American military and economic power, the legitimation crisis of the liberal welfare state, and population aging. The question of justice between

Thomas R. Cole

1989-01-01

163

An update of military robotics activities  

SciTech Connect

Military unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are beginning to break new ground that will strongly affect the future development of robotics. Current and planned future demonstrations of new UGV technologies are aiding in the maturation of control and navigation technologies critical to remotely controlled, supervised, and autonomous robots. The United States and its allies are spending millions of dollars to develop UGVs for military applications. The first systems will be deployed by the year 2000. The United States is leading the way, and its program is focused on the tactical UGV (TUGV) for the US Army and Marine Corps.

Lovece, J.A. (L B Ltd., Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

164

Support and Defend: Civil-Military Relations in the Age of Obama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part I discusses A More Perfect Military: How the Constitution Can Make Our Military Stronger by law professor Diane Mazur, a new book that examines recent civil-military relations in the United States. Her carefully constructed work maintains that since the Vietnam era, the United States Supreme Court has hewn the armed forces from general society in order to create a

Mark R. Shulman

2012-01-01

165

3 CFR 8375 - Proclamation 8375 of May 8, 2009. Military Spouse Day, 2009  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United States and across the world, military spouses also...support their spouses during long and arduous deployments...parent's absence, military spouses take on the burdens of maintaining...stations around the country and the world. Despite these...

2010-01-01

166

Translating Sexual Assault Prevention from a College Campus to a United States Military Installation: Piloting the Know-Your-Power Bystander Social Marketing Campaign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One population that shares both similar and different characteristics with traditional college-age students is the U.S. Military. Similarities include a high concentration of 18- to 26-year-olds dealing with new found independence, peer pressure, and the presence of social norms that support violence and hypermasculinity. Sexual violence is a

Potter, Sharyn J.; Stapleton, Jane G.

2012-01-01

167

20 Years Later: Professional Military Education. Testimony before the Sub-Committee on Oversight and Investigations, Armed Services Committee, United States House of Representatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Pentagon is currently undertaking a congressionally mandated Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) of strategy, force structure, missions, and resources. One issue that should be on the table is defining professional military education requirements. The current system is inadequate. The Department of Defense (DOD) should restructure it to

Carafano, James

2009-01-01

168

Aerospace and military  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews military and aerospace developments of 1989. The Voyager spacecraft returned astounding imagery from Neptune, sophisticated sensors were launched to explore Venus and Jupiter, and another craft went into earth orbit to explore cosmic rays, while a huge telescope is to be launched early in 1990. The U.S. space shuttle redesign was completed and access to space has become no longer purely a governmental enterprise. In the military realm, events within the Soviet bloc, such as the Berlin Wall's destruction, have popularized arms control. Several big treaties could be signed within the year. Massive troop, equipment, and budget reductions are being considered, along with a halt or delay of major new weapons systems. For new missions, the U.S. military is retreating to its role of a century ago - patrolling the nation's borders, this time against narcotics traffickers.

Adam, J.A.; Esch, K

1990-01-01

169

Vitamin D status in female military personnel during combat training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient for maintaining bone health. Recent data suggest that vitamin D and calcium supplementation might affect stress fracture incidence in military personnel. Although stress fracture is a health risk for military personnel during training, no study has investigated changes in vitamin D status in Soldiers during United States (US) Army basic combat training (BCT). This

Nancy E Andersen; J Philip Karl; Sonya J Cable; Kelly W Williams; Jennifer C Rood; Andrew J Young; Harris R Lieberman; James P McClung

2010-01-01

170

State Policy and Guidance for Identifying Learning Disabilities in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how state Departments of Education address the needs of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students as they relate to the identification of students with a specific learning disability (SLD). A qualitative research design of directed content analysis was used to examine each state's regulatory criteria for

Scott, Amy N.; Boynton Hauerwas, Laura; Brown, Rachel D.

2014-01-01

171

Suicides in the military: the post-modern combat veteran and the Hemingway effect.  

PubMed

Suicides in the military have increased over the last ten years. Much effort has been focused on suicide prevention and treatment, as well as understanding the reasons for the sharp increase in military suicides. Despite this effort, the definitive causes of military suicides remain elusive. Further, highly effective suicide prevention and treatment approaches have not yet been developed. The purpose of this article is to present a short review of the current state of suicide prevention interventions within the context of the military. The root causes of suicidal behavior and the role of combat in the military are each discussed. Interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide and the military transition theory are introduced as guiding frameworks for understanding suicides and suicidal behavior amongst active military personnel and military veterans. The article concludes with a set of recommendations for moving forward in understanding and addressing suicides in the military. PMID:24930521

Castro, Carl Andrew; Kintzle, Sara

2014-08-01

172

Military Veterans (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... Contact Us Site Search Search Military veterans Health care coverage options for military veterans If you're ... adult coverage rules are different from the Affordable Care Acts version. TRICARE's young adult coverage option is ...

173

Cultural norms versus state law in treating incest: a suggested model for Arab families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This article examines problems of intervention in sexual abuse cases among collective societies and offers a culturally sensitive model of intervention.Method: The manuscript is based on cross-cultural literature and clinical cases within the Palestinian community in Israel.Results: Unlike Western societies in which the state takes responsibility for the needs of its citizens and has laws that aim to protect

Khawla Abu Baker; Marwan Dwairy

2003-01-01

174

Military jet activity and Sonoran pronghorn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Forty percent of the habitat for the endangered Sonoran pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) in the United States is on the Barry M. Goldwater Range (BMGR), a bombing and gunnery range located in southwestern Arizona, USA. Wildlife and land managers have expressed concerns that military aircraft activity may be detrimental to Sonoran pronhom. We observed the response of Sonoran pronghorn

P. R. Krausman; Lisa K. Harris

2002-01-01

175

Technology in military strategy: a realistic assessment  

SciTech Connect

Today the Military Reform Movement strongly criticizes the United States military for being mesmerized by technology to the detriment of other, including human, factors. Only in this century have writers given great attention to war technologies. In contrast to strategic thinkers like Sun-Tsu, Machiavelli, Clausewitz, Moltke, and Mahan, post-World War I theorists like fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Mitchell made technology a key to their strategic concepts. Nuclear war theorists like Brodie, Kahn, and Wohlstetter made technology a centrality, while limited war theorists like Osgood and Kissinger gave it considerable, but less, stress. The reformers place more weight on teh art of using military forces than on weapons, emphasizing mobility and historical lessons, rather than technology. Nuclear war theories rely too heavily on technological dimensions to expect a shift. Somewhat more attention could profitably be paid to nontechnological aspects of conventional war, but any violent pendulum swing should be avoided.

Sanders, R.

1983-01-01

176

Vibrio cholerae Classical Biotype Is Converted to the Viable Non-Culturable State when Cultured with the El Tor Biotype  

PubMed Central

A unique event in bacterial epidemiology was the emergence of the El Tor biotype of Vibrio cholerae O1 and the subsequent rapid displacement of the existing classical biotype as the predominant cause of epidemic cholera. We demonstrate that when the El Tor and classical biotypes were cocultured in standard laboratory medium a precipitous decline in colony forming units (CFU) of the classical biotype occurred in a contact dependent manner. Several lines of evidence including DNA release, microscopy and flow cytometric analysis indicated that the drastic reduction in CFU of the classical biotype in cocultures was not accompanied by lysis, although when the classical biotype was grown individually in monocultures, lysis of the cells occurred concomitant with decrease in CFU starting from late stationary phase. Furthermore, uptake of a membrane potential sensitive dye and protection of genomic DNA from extracellular DNase strongly suggested that the classical biotype cells in cocultures retained viability in spite of loss of culturability. These results suggest that coculturing the classical biotype with the El Tor biotype protects the former from lysis allowing the cells to remain viable in spite of the loss of culturability. The stationary phase sigma factor RpoS may have a role in the loss of culturability of the classical biotype in cocultures. Although competitive exclusion of closely related strains has been reported for several bacterial species, conversion of the target bacterial population to the viable non-culturable state has not been demonstrated previously and may have important implications in the evolution of bacterial strains. PMID:23326443

Pradhan, Subhra; Mallick, Sanjaya K.; Chowdhury, Rukhsana

2013-01-01

177

27 CFR 447.57 - U.S. military defense articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false U.S. military defense articles. 447.57 Section 447...Provisions 447.57 U.S. military defense articles. (a)(1) Notwithstanding...478 or 479 of this chapter, no military defense article of United States...

2013-04-01

178

27 CFR 447.57 - U.S. military defense articles.  

...2014-04-01 false U.S. military defense articles. 447.57 Section 447...Provisions 447.57 U.S. military defense articles. (a)(1) Notwithstanding...478 or 479 of this chapter, no military defense article of United States...

2014-04-01

179

27 CFR 447.57 - U.S. military defense articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2010-04-01 true U.S. military defense articles. 447.57 Section 447...Provisions 447.57 U.S. military defense articles. (a)(1) Notwithstanding...478 or 479 of this chapter, no military defense article of United States...

2012-04-01

180

27 CFR 447.57 - U.S. military defense articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2010-04-01 true U.S. military defense articles. 447.57 Section 447...Provisions 447.57 U.S. military defense articles. (a)(1) Notwithstanding...478 or 479 of this chapter, no military defense article of United States...

2011-04-01

181

27 CFR 447.57 - U.S. military defense articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false U.S. military defense articles. 447.57 Section 447...Provisions 447.57 U.S. military defense articles. (a)(1) Notwithstanding...478 or 479 of this chapter, no military defense article of United States...

2010-04-01

182

Breaching the Walls of Academe: The Purposes, Problems, and Prospects of Military History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military history faces a dire fate. Fewer and fewer colleges and universities today regard the historical study of military institutions and practices a worthy social, and therefore scholarly, charge. John Lynn enters this debate, examining the state of military history, which he defines in terms of three genres: popular, applied, and academic.

Lynn, John A., II

2008-01-01

183

The work-family interface in the United States and Singapore: conflict across cultures.  

PubMed

This article examines the work-family interface in a cross-cultural comparison between two nationally representative samples from the United States (n = 1,860) and Singapore (n = 1,035) with emphasis on work-family conflict. Family-to-work conflict was negatively related to marital satisfaction in both Singapore and the United States, although the effect was stronger in the United States. Similarly, family-to-work conflict was positively related to job satisfaction in the United States but was negatively related in Singapore. As expected, schedule flexibility was negatively related to depression in the United States, but in Singapore the relationship was positive. These findings suggest that theoretical relationships in the work-family interface developed in the more culturally individualistic West may need to be adapted when studying populations in the more collectivist East. PMID:20954775

Galovan, Adam M; Fackrell, Tamara; Buswell, Lydia; Jones, Blake L; Hill, E Jeffrey; Carroll, Sarah June

2010-10-01

184

United States and Brazil : Expanding Frontiers, Comparing Cultures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extremely compelling website, dedicated to examining the interactions between Brazil and the United States from the 18th century to the present, grew out of discussions between Dr. James H. Billington, the Librarian of Congress, and the former President of Brazil, Fernando Hernrique Cardoso. Developed under the auspices of the Global Gateway program at the Library of Congress, the site contains an impressive amount of primary source materials, including maps, rare books, prints, photographs, and manuscripts. When completed, the project will contain materials organized around four primary themes, but currently only the theme of Historical Foundations is complete. As might be expected, the site is presented in both Portuguese and English, and a powerful multifaceted search engine will help guide users to particular documents of interest. Browsing through the Historical Foundations section of the site, visitors will find a timeline (complete with accompanying visual materials), and five separate sections dedicated to exploration, the colonial period, and so on.

Billington, James H.; Cardoso, Fernando H.

185

Military display performance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

2012-06-01

186

Global Military Conflict Simulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Global Military Conflict Simulator is an application that allows the unfolding of a large virtual war in real time, involving\\u000a hundreds of thousands of soldiers, with a virtual Earth serving as battlefield. The simulation attempts to achieve unprecedented\\u000a scale and scope by providing a global map, satellite imagery and elevation coverage through cloud computing, web mapping technologies,\\u000a providing a

Claudiu Tanase; Andreea Urzica

2009-01-01

187

Providing care to military personnel and their families: how we can all contribute.  

PubMed

Providing medical care to members of the military and their families remains a societal duty carried out not only by military physicians but also, and in large part, by civilian providers. As many military families are geographically dispersed, it is probable that all physicians at some point in their training or careers will care for this unique patient population. Understanding the military culture can help physicians provide the best care possible to our military families, and inclusion of military cultural competency curricula in all medical schools is a first step in advancing this understanding. The authors review the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that all health professionals should acquire to be able to care for those who serve and offer recommendations for developing these among all students and trainees. PMID:24979291

Gleeson, Todd D; Hemmer, Paul A

2014-09-01

188

Tobacco Promotion to Military Personnel: The Plums Are Here to Be Plucked  

PubMed Central

Smoking rates among military personnel are high, damaging health, decreasing short- and long-term troop readiness, and costing the Department of Defense (DOD). The military is an important market for the tobacco industry, which long targeted the military with cigarette promotions. Internal tobacco industry documents were examined to explore tobacco sponsorship of events targeted to military personnel. Evidence was found of more than 1,400 events held between 1980 and 1997. In 1986, the DOD issued a directive forbidding such special promotions; however, with the frequently eager cooperation of military personnel, they continued for more than a decade, apparently ceasing only because of the restrictions of the Master Settlement Agreement. The U.S. military collaborated with the tobacco industry for decades, creating a military culture of smoking. Reversing that process will require strong policy establishing tobacco use as unmilitary. PMID:19743733

Smith, Elizabeth A.; Malone, Ruth E.

2009-01-01

189

[State-of-the-art and prospects of high-tech medical aid to patients with cardiac arrhythmia based at military medical facilities].  

PubMed

Analysis of provision of high-tech medical aid to patients with cardiac arrhythmia based at military medical facilities showed that the available means and workforce are sufficient for the purpose. In order to facilitate access to high-tech medical aid it is necessary to equip arrhythmologic departments with up-to-date-instruments and set up cabinets of electrocardiostimulation in regional (naval) hospitals for implantation of temporary and permanent pacemakers. A program is pending for education (primary specialization) and advanced training of specialists in clinical cardiac electrophysiology, interventional and surgical arrhythmology. PMID:25269209

Steklov, V I

2014-01-01

190

Competence, risk, and resilience in military families: conceptual commentary.  

PubMed

This commentary highlights conceptual themes in the opening section of this special issue on military families in relation to a new synthesis of developmental systems theory that emerged from developmental, ecological, and family systems theory, as well as developmental psychopathology and risk/resilience frameworks. Articles in this special issue draw on these concepts to characterize and guide the burgeoning research on military families. This perspective emphasizes that multiple dynamic systems interact across levels to shape individual development, as well as the function of families and military units. Developmental timing is important for understanding how challenges of military life may impact individuals and families. Cascade effects are noted, where stress experienced by one family or service member can influence the function of other individuals or larger systems. Capacity for resilience is distributed across systems, including families and cultures, as well as resources or supports provided by military organizations to foster adaptive responses or recovery. These systems include schools and educational programs that play key roles in fostering and supporting resilience for children. Overall, developmental system concepts have considerable utility for guiding research with military families, particularly in regard to promoting resilience. Moreover, lessons learned from military families and programs may have much broader implications for many other nonmilitary children, families, and organizations that share similar goals and challenges. PMID:23877370

Masten, Ann S

2013-09-01

191

Inter-American Beginnings of U.S. Cultural Diplomacy, 1936-1948. Cultural Relations Programs of the U.S. Department of State: Historical Studies, Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing upon the role of the United States government in furthering educational and cultural relations with other nations, the book presents a history of cooperative exchange between the United States and Latin America from 1936-48. The report, based upon primary source material in the form of communications between the Department of State and

Espinosa, J. Manuel

192

17.952 Great Power Military Intervention, Spring 2004  

E-print Network

The purpose of this seminar is to examine systematically, and comparatively, great and middle power military interventions into civil wars during the 1990's. These civil wars were high on the policy agenda of western states ...

Posen, Barry

193

Effects of polyurethane matrices on fungal tannase and gallic acid production under solid state culture.  

PubMed

The influence of the physical structure of polyurethane matrix as a support in a solid state culture in tannase production and gallic acid accumulation by Aspergillus niger Aa-20 was evaluated. Three different polyurethane matrices were used as the support: continuous, semi-discontinuous and discontinuous. The highest tannase production at 2479.59 U/L during the first 12 h of culture was obtained using the discontinuous matrix. The gallic acid was accumulated at 7.64 g/L at the discontinuous matrix. The results show that the discontinuous matrix of polyurethane is better for tannase production and gallic acid accumulation in a solid state culture bioprocess than the continuous and semi-discontinuous matrices. PMID:17910122

Trevino, Lucia; Contreras-Esquivel, Juan C; Rodrguez-Herrera, Raul; Aguilar, Cristbal No

2007-10-01

194

78 FR 13890 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program, San...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...from which site. Based on consultation and...research, the sacred object and object of cultural...clay pipe fragment. Based on consultation and...ethnographic research, the objects of cultural patrimony...State University. Based on consultation and...ethnographic research, the objects of cultural...

2013-03-01

195

A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America  

E-print Network

A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States: Accepted 27 September 2009 Keywords: Cross-cultural Dog German Shepherd Questionnaire Temperament Behavior as reports of their own German Shepherds' behavior and temperament. Cross-cultural differences

Champagne, Frances A.

196

Q&A: The Intersection of Gang Culture and Domestic Violence New York State Office for the  

E-print Network

Q&A: The Intersection of Gang Culture and Domestic Violence New York State Office..............................................................................................Cover The Intersection of Gang Culture and Domestic Violence .....................................Cover Did You Know&A About the Intersection of Gang Culture and Domestic Violence............ Page 3 Legislative Update

Qiu, Weigang

197

Culture and Dental Health among African Immigrant School-Aged Children in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper examines African immigrant parents' views on dental decay and whether such views affect their decision to obtain dental insurance for their children. The paper also examines the cultural underpinnings of the immigrants' oral health care practices. Design/methodology/approach: The data for the study were collected in the states

Obeng, Cecilia S.

2007-01-01

198

"Their Little Wooden Bricks": A History of the Material Culture of Kindergarten in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the material culture of kindergarten in the United States in relation to the production and consumption of materials and kindergarten theory and pedagogy. The focus is on Friedrich Froebel's building gifts as they were manufactured and sold by the Milton Bradley Company from 1869 to 1939. A review of trade catalogues over the

Prochner, Larry

2011-01-01

199

Adolescent Girls' Need for Love in Two Cultures--Nigeria and the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares a junior novel from the United States with one from Nigeria--Bette Greene's "Summer of My German Soldier" with Buchi Emecheta's "The Bride Price." Suggests that their similarity can inspire children from a variety of backgrounds to an awareness and appreciation of different cultures. (MM)

Osa, Osayimwense

1983-01-01

200

The importance of the viable but non-culturable state in human bacterial pathogens  

PubMed Central

Many bacterial species have been found to exist in a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state since its discovery in 1982. VBNC cells are characterized by a loss of culturability on routine agar, which impairs their detection by conventional plate count techniques. This leads to an underestimation of total viable cells in environmental or clinical samples, and thus poses a risk to public health. In this review, we present recent findings on the VBNC state of human bacterial pathogens. The characteristics of VBNC cells, including the similarities and differences to viable, culturable cells and dead cells, and different detection methods are discussed. Exposure to various stresses can induce the VBNC state, and VBNC cells may be resuscitated back to culturable cells under suitable stimuli. The conditions that trigger the induction of the VBNC state and resuscitation from it are summarized and the mechanisms underlying these two processes are discussed. Last but not least, the significance of VBNC cells and their potential influence on human health are also reviewed. PMID:24917854

Li, Laam; Mendis, Nilmini; Trigui, Hana; Oliver, James D.; Faucher, Sebastien P.

2014-01-01

201

Burns and military clothing.  

PubMed

Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

McLean, A D

2001-02-01

202

Approaches to Teaching about Korea in a World Cultures Social Studies Curriculum. A guide for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Korea, a country of major significance within the East Asian culture sphere, is also a country of historical and contemporary importance to the United States. Divided in 1945 into two zones, the North and the South, the communist northern sector became a formidable economic and military power, while the phenomenal growth of the southern sector's

Lewis, Linda; Linton, Stephen

203

Stem cell applications in military medicine  

PubMed Central

There are many similarities between health issues affecting military and civilian patient populations, with the exception of the relatively small but vital segment of active soldiers who experience high-energy blast injuries during combat. A rising incidence of major injuries from explosive devices in recent campaigns has further complicated treatment and recovery, highlighting the need for tissue regenerative options and intensifying interest in the possible role of stem cells for military medicine. In this review we outline the array of tissue-specific injuries typically seen in modern combat - as well as address a few complications unique to soldiers - and discuss the state of current stem cell research in addressing each area. Embryonic, induced-pluripotent and adult stem cell sources are defined, along with advantages and disadvantages unique to each cell type. More detailed stem cell sources are described in the context of each tissue of interest, including neural, cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal and sensory tissues, with brief discussion of their potential role in regenerative medicine moving forward. Additional commentary is given to military stem cell applications aside from regenerative medicine, such as blood pharming, immunomodulation and drug screening, with an overview of stem cell banking and the unique opportunity provided by the military and civilian overlap of stem cell research. PMID:22011454

2011-01-01

204

[Application and research of acupuncture in military].  

PubMed

Acupuncture has remarkable effects of pain relieving and functional restoration on injuries of soft tissue and joint due to military training. As more and more attention has been attached to the impact of psychological states and biorhythm disorder on the fighting ability of military staff, acupuncture has found its place in treating chronic fatigue, combat stress reaction, traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder as well as regulating circadian rhythms. The therapeutic effect of acupuncture in military training-related physical damage and psychological trauma has already been proved by numerous clinical practices and researches. It is held that using acupuncture as an alternative could not only save medical resources, but also enhance the fighting ability of the army. However, the current clinical studies is facing the problem of limited sample size. Therefore, randomized controlled trials in large scale and multiple centers should be further carried out toward military staff, so as to provide more speaking evidences to the prevention and treatment of physical and psychological diseases. PMID:24673077

Zhao, Lu; Li, Xiao-Qian; Chen, Hong-Yun; Li, Wei-Hong; Zhou, Shuang; Zhou, Qing-Hui

2014-01-01

205

Military Campaign Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress, this fine digital archive brings together thousands of maps that offer great detail about major military conflicts, including such information as troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, campsites, local buildings, topography and vegetation. On the site, visitors can also learn about how the maps were digitized, along with specific information about the various technical equipment used to capture the full content of each document. The archive of documents here is not solely historically focused, as there are maps of more contemporary conflict sites, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The entire contents of the archive may be searched in a variety of methods, including through the use of keywords, browsing through a subject list, a creator index, and a geographic location index. From some rather interesting maps of the Brandywine to a Dutch map showing locations of military importance in Pennsylvania and New York, this site will be of interest to historians, cartographers, and many others.

206

Culture and Difference. Critical Perspectives on the Bicultural Experience in the United States. Critical Studies in Education and Culture Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching and politics of cultural difference and identity are explored in these essays, which examine the possibilities of living with cultural differences through new ethical and pedagogical frameworks. The following chapters are included: (1) "Introduction. The Politics of Biculturalism: Culture and Difference in the Formation of 'Warriors

Darder, Antonia, Ed.

207

Role of nuclear reactors in future military satellites  

SciTech Connect

Future military capabilities will be profoundly influenced by emerging Shuttle Era space technology. Regardless of the specific direction or content of tomorrow's military space program, it is clear that advanced space transportation systems, orbital support facilities, and large-capacity power subsystems will be needed to create the generally larger, more sophisticated military space systems of the future. This paper explores the critical role that space nuclear reactors should play in America's future space program and reviews the current state of nuclear reactor power plant technology. Space nuclear reactor technologies have the potential of satisfying power requirements ranging from 10 kW/sub (e)/ to 100 MW/sub (e)/.

Buden, D.; Angelo, J.A. Jr.

1982-01-01

208

Soldiering with Substance: Substance and Steroid Use among Military Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The military provides a unique social environment given the organization and culture of the institution. Understanding substance use by those inside this institution provides insight into both the population as well as substance use in general. Using data collected from in-depth interviews, this article explores the nature and extent of substance

Bucher, Jacob

2012-01-01

209

The Place of the Humanities at a Military Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, a captain in the U.S. Coast Guard and professor of English at the Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut, argues in this article that, contrary to images perpetuated in popular culture, military officers do not eschew the arts as exemplified in such films as "Platoon" and "Full Metal Jacket" where the audience is expected to

Flammang, Lucretia A.

2007-01-01

210

Economic Conditions of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and

Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

2013-01-01

211

Military technology: an historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout history, nations have endeavored to develop new and more advanced technologies with the goal of achieving military advantage. New technologies resulted in new weapons and brought dramatic change in military tactics. The increase in the destructive power of soldiers in the Civil War and the resulting horror and futility of the frontal assault ushered in a change to trench

William J. Perry

2004-01-01

212

INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS TO MILITARY PERSONNEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industrial chemical health threat to the US military is growing. The increasing threat is due both to the more frequent use of industrial chemicals and infrastructure as weapons of war and opportunity, and to recent military operations in urban and industrial environments where accidents or terrorism may cause large-scale chemical releases. Using traditional single-scenario modeling techniques, it is difficult

D. P. Bacon; R. M. Garrett; P. L. Liotta; D. E. Mays; T. E. Miller

2005-01-01

213

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2012-07-01

214

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2013-07-01

215

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

... 2014-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2014-07-01

216

78 FR 43796 - Indebtedness of Military Personnel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFR Part 513 Indebtedness of Military Personnel AGENCY: Department of the...concerning indebtedness of military personnel. The regulations are being...Part 112, ``Indebtedness of Military Personnel,'' and DoD Financial...

2013-07-22

217

Political Culture and Development in a Rentier StateThe Case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses political culture to explain Kuwait's socio-economic and political develop ment. It attributes Kuwait's political stability, its smooth transition from a subsistance economy to petroleum-induced prosperity and its ability to handle high rates of socio-economic changes to the management skills of the Kuwaiti ruling family and the commitment of the bureaucracy to the state. These two elements of

Tawfic E. Farah

1989-01-01

218

Clinical Evaluation of the Mini-Mental State Exam with Culturally Deaf Senior Citizens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) is commonly used to screen cognitive function in a clinical setting. The measure has been published in over 50 languages; however, the validity and reliability of the MMSE has yet to be assessed with the culturally Deaf elderly population. Participants consisted of 117 Deaf senior citizens, aged 55-89 (M 69.44, SD 8.55). Demographic

Pamela M. Dean; David M. Feldman; Donna Morere; Diane Morton

2009-01-01

219

HIV in military.  

PubMed

The House of Representatives approved a defense authorization bill that requires the Pentagon to discharge service members who test positive for HIV antibodies. This is the second measure of its kind. Last year, Rep. Robert K. Dornan (R-CA) pushed through Congress a similar measure that was repealed after encountering public opposition. President Clinton said he will veto the defense bill in its current form. The bill provides $13 billion in spending beyond the amount the Pentagon requested, resurrects plans for the Star Wars missile defense system, and rescinds Clinton's don't ask, don't tell policy toward gay men and lesbians in the military. Rep. Peter Torkildsen (R-MA) is confident that the HIV provision can be stricken when the bill goes to a House-Senate conference committee in a few weeks. PMID:11363494

1996-05-31

220

Behavior of transition state regulator AbrB in batch cultures of Bacillus thuringiensis.  

PubMed

The transition state regulator AbrB is involved in the regulation of various cellular functions such as exponential growth, transition state and sporulation onset, due to its ability to activate, suppress or prevent the inappropriate expression of various genes in Bacillus subtilis. In order to understand combined behavior in batch cultures of AbrB in Bacillus thuringiensis, we cloned and expressed the abrB gene of B. thuringiensis in Escherichia coli. The deduced sequence of abrB gene coded for a protein consisting of 94 amino acids with ~10.5kDa protein that shares 100 and 85% identity with those from Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis. The recombinant AbrB protein was used as antigen for the production of rabbit polyclonal antibodies anti-AbrB. Two media cultures with carbon: nitrogen ratios of 7.0, but varying access to nutrients were tested in batch cultures. In the case of both media, AbrB accumulation occurred from the beginning of the process and was maximal during early exponential growth. Thereafter, the level of AbrB decreased when there were no nutrient limitations and coincided with a decreased value in specific growth rate, although growth continued exponentially. Nonetheless, sporulation onset was determined 3 h and 4 h later, in media with highly metabolizable nutrients clean medium and Farrera medium, respectively. Hence, the maximal level of AbrB accumulation in batch cultures of B. thuringiensis is not influenced by limiting nutrients; however, nutrient availability affects the required time lapse for transition state regulator accumulation. PMID:25002359

Lozano Gon, Astrid Magdalena; Dinorn Tllez Girn, Jabel; Jimnez Montejo, Fabiola Eloisa; Hidalgo-Lara, Mara Eugenia; Lpez Y Lpez, Vctor Eric

2014-11-01

221

Synchronous environmental and cultural change in the prehistory of the northeastern United States  

PubMed Central

Climatic changes during the late Quaternary have resulted in substantial, often abrupt, rearrangements of terrestrial ecosystems, but the relationship between these environmental changes and prehistoric human culture and population size remains unclear. Using a database of archaeological radiocarbon dates alongside a network of paleoecological records (sedimentary pollen and charcoal) and paleoclimatic reconstructions, we show that periods of cultural and demographic change in the northeastern United States occurred at the same times as the major environmental-climatic transitions of that region. At 11.6, 8.2, 5.4, and 3.0kyr BP (103 calendar years before present), changes in forest composition altered the distribution, availability, and predictability of food resources which triggered technological adjustments manifested in the archaeological record. Human population level has varied in response to these external changes in ecosystems, but the adoption of maize agriculture during the late Holocene also resulted in a substantial population increase. This study demonstrates the long-term interconnectedness of prehistoric human cultures and the ecosystems they inhabited, and provides a consolidated environmental-cultural framework from which more interdisciplinary research and discussion can develop. Moreover, it emphasizes the complex nature of human responses to environmental change in a temperate region. PMID:21135208

Munoz, Samuel E.; Gajewski, Konrad; Peros, Matthew C.

2010-01-01

222

Synchronous environmental and cultural change in the prehistory of the northeastern United States.  

PubMed

Climatic changes during the late Quaternary have resulted in substantial, often abrupt, rearrangements of terrestrial ecosystems, but the relationship between these environmental changes and prehistoric human culture and population size remains unclear. Using a database of archaeological radiocarbon dates alongside a network of paleoecological records (sedimentary pollen and charcoal) and paleoclimatic reconstructions, we show that periods of cultural and demographic change in the northeastern United States occurred at the same times as the major environmental-climatic transitions of that region. At 11.6, 8.2, 5.4, and 3.0 kyr BP (10(3) calendar years before present), changes in forest composition altered the distribution, availability, and predictability of food resources which triggered technological adjustments manifested in the archaeological record. Human population level has varied in response to these external changes in ecosystems, but the adoption of maize agriculture during the late Holocene also resulted in a substantial population increase. This study demonstrates the long-term interconnectedness of prehistoric human cultures and the ecosystems they inhabited, and provides a consolidated environmental-cultural framework from which more interdisciplinary research and discussion can develop. Moreover, it emphasizes the complex nature of human responses to environmental change in a temperate region. PMID:21135208

Munoz, Samuel E; Gajewski, Konrad; Peros, Matthew C

2010-12-21

223

Biodegradation of Palm Kernel Cake by Cellulolytic and Hemicellulolytic Bacterial Cultures through Solid State Fermentation  

PubMed Central

Four cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic bacterial cultures were purchased from the Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Culture (DSMZ) and the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC). Two experiments were conducted; the objective of the first experiment was to determine the optimum time period required for solid state fermentation (SSF) of palm kernel cake (PKC), whereas the objective of the second experiment was to investigate the effect of combinations of these cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic bacteria on the nutritive quality of the PKC. In the first experiment, the SSF was lasted for 12 days with inoculum size of 10% (v/w) on different PKC to moisture ratios. In the second experiment, fifteen combinations were created among the four microbes with one untreated PKC as a control. The SSF lasted for 9 days, and the samples were autoclaved, dried, and analyzed for proximate analysis. Results showed that bacterial cultures produced high enzymes activities at the 4th day of SSF, whereas their abilities to produce enzymes tended to be decreased to reach zero at the 8th day of SSF. Findings in the second experiment showed that hemicellulose and cellulose was significantly (P < 0.05) decreased, whereas the amount of reducing sugars were significantly (P < 0.05) increased in the fermented PKC (FPKC) compared with untreated PKC. PMID:25019097

Alshelmani, Mohamed Idris; Loh, Teck Chwen; Foo, Hooi Ling; Lau, Wei Hong; Sazili, Awis Qurni

2014-01-01

224

How Much Culture Is Enough? Inuit Teachers' Perceptions on the State of Inuit Culture in Nunavik Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights findings of a survey conducted with the Kativik School Board, Canada, to gain insight into the perceptions of Inuit teachers concerning how Inuit culture is taught in the classroom. While findings indicate that teachers are integrating Inuit culture to varying degrees, roughly half of respondents suggest that not enough Inuit

Stevenson, Blair

2014-01-01

225

Social and Cultural Influences on Tobacco-Related Health Disparities among South Asians in the United States  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To explore and understand key cultural contexts of tobacco use among South Asian communities in the United States. DESIGN Focus groups, with homogenous compositions of gender, generational status, and length of time in the United States, were conducted in two distinct South Asian ethnic enclaves. Focus group findings were triangulated with observational data regarding availability of culturally-specific tobacco from commercial ethnic outlets and cultural events. SUBJECTS Respondents included 88 men and women of South Asian descent, aged 18 to 65 years, immigrant and native born, representing diversity of religion, socioeconomic status, and region of origin, with use of at least one culturally-specific tobacco product in previous 24 months. RESULTS A large number of culturally-specific products are commonly used by community members. Knowledge of product-specific health risks was lacking or inaccurate. Many culturally-specific tobacco products were considered to have beneficial properties. South Asian tobacco items were used to preserve cultural traditions and express ethnic identity in a new dominant culture. The social and cultural value ascribed to use helped distinguish community members from mainstream society and from other minority populations. CONCLUSIONS Many cultural factors govern tobacco use among diverse global populations. Especially for migrants with a common regional origin, the role of ethnic identity may strongly influence culturally-specific tobacco patterns. Qualitative inquiry helps elucidate such culturally-framed behaviors in culturally-diverse populations. These cultural contexts should be integrated into research and practice. Understanding multidimensional factors influencing non-traditional tobacco use is key to ensuring that comprehensive tobacco control strategies address tobacco-related disparities. PMID:21708814

Mukherjea, Arnab; Morgan, Patricia A.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Ling, Pamela M.; Ivey, Susan L.

2011-01-01

226

State-dependent calcium mobilization by urotensin-II in cultured human endothelial cells  

PubMed Central

Human endothelial cells express urotensin II (U-II) as well as its receptor GPR14. Using microfluorimetric techniques, the effect of human U-II on cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations [Ca2+]i in cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) loaded with Fura-2 was evaluated in static or flow conditions. Under the static state, U-II (100 nM) abolished spontaneous Ca2+ oscillations, which occurred in a population of cultured HAEC. Similarly, U-II reduced thrombin-, but not ATP-induced calcium responses, suggesting that the peptide does not alter the Gq/11/IP3 pathway; rather, it modifies the coupling between protease activated receptors and Gq/11/IP3. Under the flow condition, U-II (1, 10 and 100 nM) produced a dose-dependent increase in [Ca2+]i, which was subjected to desensitization. The result demonstrates a state-dependent effect of U-II in cultured HAEC, which may explain the variable responses to U-II under different experimental conditions. PMID:18314227

Brailoiu, Eugen; Jiang, Xiaohua; Cristina Brailoiu, G.; Yang, Jun; Chang, Jaw Kang; Wang, Hong; Dun, Nae J.

2008-01-01

227

Relationship between Hippocampal Volume changes and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder following Traumatic Brain Injury in US Military Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is one of the most common, and serious injuries suffered by United States servicemen in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Compared to roughly 2% of the civilian population, nearly 20% of military personnel returning from current military operations in the Middle East have been diagnosed with TBI. Additionally, an increasing number of military personnel returning

Toby Emanuel

2011-01-01

228

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Factors Associated with School Bullying in Japan and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers in both Japan and in the United States have documented that bullying is a common and potentially damaging form of violence among children. The authors' review highlights distinct cross-cultural patterns of personal, family, peer, and school characteristics that predict gender differences in bullying and victimization. Cross-cultural

Hilton, Jeanne M.; Anngela-Cole, Linda; Wakita, Juri

2010-01-01

229

Multiple Roles and Mental Health in Cross-Cultural Perspective: The Elderly in the United States and Japan?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how multiple roles affect the mental health of the elderly in Japan and the United States, two countries with vastly different cultures. Hypotheses were drawn based on the cultural differences in role experiences, and these hypotheses are tested by analyzing nationally representative samples of the elderly in these countries. The results show that Americans are more likely

Saeko Kikuzawa

2006-01-01

230

"CultureGrams[TM]" and "StateGrams[TM]": Making Places and People Relevant to Elementary Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes "CultureGrams" and "StateGrams", sources that provide practical cultural information including attitudes, appearances, greetings, gestures, dating, family life, transportation, health, and education. Focuses on the edition suitable for elementary school students, explaining specific features and suggesting assignments and class

Safford, Barbara Ripp

2002-01-01

231

Joint-Service Integration: An Organizational Culture Study of the United States Department of Defense Voluntary Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the descriptive case study with a multiple case framework was to (a) describe the organizational cultures of education programs and leaders in the United States (U.S.) Department of Defense (DoD) voluntary education system on Oahu, Hawaii; (b) determine if an overlapping common organizational culture exists; and (c) assess the

Benson, Martin K.

2010-01-01

232

76 FR 28066 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...in the possession of the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...glass beads was given to the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University on...

2011-05-13

233

Cultural impacts on public perceptions of agricultural biotechnology: A comparison of South Korea and the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to Millar (1996), the gulf between science and society is growing. Technologies are tools cultures develop to solve society's problems. The rapid dispersion of science and technology across cultural borders through trade, technology transfer and exchange, increasingly requires people in different cultures to make choices about accepting or rejecting artifacts of science and technology such as genetically modified (GM) foods, which originate primarily from the United States. These issues challenge policy makers and scientists to account for the affects of different cultural perspectives on controversial scientific issues. Given the controversy across cultures over acceptance or rejection of genetically modified (GM) foods, GM foods are an excellent example with which to begin to reveal how culture impacts public perceptions of the risk and benefits of science and technology in different societies. This research will: (1) Define public awareness and understanding of science, specifically GM foods; (2) Examine culture's impact on knowledge, including different cultural approaches to research; and (3) Compare recent findings of a bi-national public opinion survey on GM comparing in South Korea and the United States. The proposed research outlines two research questions: (1) How and in what ways do South Koreans and Americans differ in their opinions about GMOs? This question is important for gathering current points of contrast about how the two cultures may differ; and (2) What role does culture play on opinion formation about GM foods? Through grounded theory, the researcher will investigate how cultural differences help explain opinion on public perceptions of GM foods. Is it possible to identify common cultural factors that impact public perceptions of GM foods between South Koreans and Americans? The study will utilize both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Higher education is a major producer of new science and technology. The study is significant for higher education administrators who must understand cultural factors impacting science internationally and globalization of the academic enterprise.

Nader, Richard Harrison

234

Contact dermatitis in military personnel.  

PubMed

Military personnel encounter the same allergens and irritants as their civilian counterparts and are just as likely to develop contact dermatitis from common exposures encountered in everyday life. In addition, they face some unique exposures that can be difficult to avoid owing to their occupational duties. Contact dermatitis can be detrimental to a military member's career if he or she is unable to perform core duties or avoid the inciting substances. An uncontrolled contact dermatitis can result in the member's being placed on limited-duty (ie, nondeployable) status, needing a job or rate change, or separation from military service. We present some common causes of contact dermatitis in military personnel worldwide and some novel sources of contact dermatitis in this population that may not be intuitive. PMID:22653003

Dever, Tara T; Walters, Michelle; Jacob, Sharon

2011-01-01

235

Substance Abuse in the Military  

MedlinePLUS

... among U.S. military personnel than among civilians, heavy alcohol and tobacco use, and especially prescription drug abuse, ... heavy weekly drinking and binge drinking, to suffer alcohol- and other drug-related problems, and to have ...

236

Measuring Underemployment Among Military Spouses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is it like to be a military spouse? It can present some rather unique challenges including underemployment. This 111-page report by researchers Nelson Lim and David Schulker on underemployment among military spouses was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the work was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute. The work examines the extent and causes of underemployment among military spouses, and it also looks at their "look-alikes", who in this case happen to be a group of similar civilian wives. Their research indicates that military wives are much more likely not to be in the labor force, and they are also more likely to have relatively high levels of education for their jobs when compared to their civilian counterparts. Visitors will want to read over all seven chapters of the report, and they can also consult the indices, graphs, and helpful charts.

237

Military Takeover Complete in Pakistan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

General Pervez Musharraf assumed the position of chief executive of Pakistan early this morning, completing a very quick and bloodless coup that began on Tuesday night. General Musharraf declared a state of emergency, suspending the constitution and the national and provincial assemblies, dismissing the provincial governments and governors, and banning the Supreme Court from challenging his authority. Reaction to the coup has been rather muted within Pakistan and abroad. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who is now in custody, was increasingly unpopular in Pakistan because of the country's dire economic situation, his handling of the conflict with India in Kashmir, and what some saw as his systematic efforts to undermine the authority of rival political parties and branches of government. Foreign officials and editorials have criticized the military and called for the restoration of civilian rule as soon as possible. However, many have also acknowledged Sharif's poor record and some have even called for a transitional "technocratic" government to revive the economy and fight corruption. While the crucial question of foreign aid and loans to Pakistan is still very much up in the air, it does appear that at least some nations, most notably arch-rival India, are prepared to do business with Pakistan's new leaders, at least for the short term.

De Nie, Michael W.

238

Cultural differences in patterns of mood states on board the International Space Station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on our previous studies of astronauts and cosmonauts, we hypothesized that the patterning of mood states among International Space Station (ISS) crewmembers would vary by culture, regardless of the overall frequency of these states in each cultural group. Russian clinicians recognize a pattern of distress known as asthenia. According to the asthenia model, depression should covary with fatigue. According to the American model of psychological distress, depression and fatigue are two separate syndromes and therefore would be less likely to covary within individuals. Previously, we found support for this cultural difference in patterns of mood states in two data sets. Our team's new study of ISS personnel provided an opportunity to replicate these analyses again. Results show the predicted cultural differences for crewmembers during flight. These results are consistent with Russian space psychologists concept of asthenization, which is believed to be an early indicator of stress among cosmonauts during long-duration space missions. However, American astronauts manifest distress differently. It is important to use culturally appropriate assessment strategies in order to detect stress reactions accurately while they are still mild, because they have the potential to seriously disrupt future international space missions, such as a flight to Mars. Russian Abstract ???T?PA??H?E PA?????? ?PO???E? HACTPOEH?? HA ?OPT? M?C Ha ?a?e ?a??x ?pe???y??x ?cc?e?o?a??? ?oc?o?a??o? ? ac?po?a??o?, ?? ?pe?c?a???? ???o???y o ?o?; ??o ?po???? ?ac?poe??? cpe?? ??e?o? ????a?a Me??y?apo??o? ?oc???ec?o? C?a???? (M?C) pa?????? ? pa???x ?y???ypax, ?ec?o?p? ?a a?co????oe ?o???ec??o ???x coc?o???? ? ?a??o? ?py??e. Pocc??c??e c?e??a??c?? co??a?? c???po? ??c?o??op?a ?a???ae????ac?e????. C?e?y? ?o?e?? ac?e???, ?e?pecc?? ?o???a ?oppe??po?a?? c yc?a?oc???. C?e?y? a?ep??a?c?o? ?o?e?? ?c?xo?o???ec?o?o ??c?o??op?a, ?e?pecc?? ? yc?a?oc?? ??o ??a o??e????x c???po?a, ? ?o??o?y o?? ?e?ee ?epo???o c???a?? ?py? c ?py?o? cpe?? ???????yy?o?. ?o ??o?a? ?a??x ??yx ?pe???y??x ?cc?e?o?a??? ?? ?aш

Boyd, Jennifer E.; Kanas, Nick; Gushin, Vadim I.; Stephanie Saylor

2007-10-01

239

Satellite Power System (SPS) military implications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The military implications of the reference satellite power system (SPS) were examined is well as important military related study tasks. Primary areas of investigation were the potential of the SPS as a weapon, for supporting U.S. military preparedness, and for affecting international relations. In addition, the SPS's relative vulnerability to overt military action, terrorist attacks, and sabotage was considered.

Bain, C. N.

1978-01-01

240

The Military and the Transition to Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects

Kelty, Ryan; Kleykamp, Meredith; Segal, David R.

2010-01-01

241

Origins and destinies: Immigration to the United States since World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary immigration to the United States and the formation of new ethnic groups are the complex and unintended social consequences of the expansion of the nation to its post-World War II position of global hegemony. Immigrant communities in the United States today are related to a history of American military, political, economic, and cultural involvement and intervention in the sending

Rubn G. Rumbaut

1994-01-01

242

Military Families Considering Adoption  

MedlinePLUS

... Lists Adoption Assistance by State More Tools & Resources Logic Model Builders Related Organizations Learning Center Resources From ... State Child Welfare Workload Compendium More Tools & Resources Logic Model Builders Related Organizations Learning Center Children's Bureau ...

243

The Cellular State Determines the Effect of Melatonin on the Survival of Mixed Cerebellar Cell Culture  

PubMed Central

The constitutive activation of nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B), a key transcription factor involved in neuroinflammation, is essential for the survival of neurons in situ and of cerebellar granule cells in culture. Melatonin is known to inhibit the activation of NF-?B and has a cytoprotective function. In this study, we evaluated whether the cytoprotective effect of melatonin depends on the state of activation of a mixed cerebellar culture that is composed predominantly of granule cells; we tested the effect of melatonin on cultured rat cerebellar cells stimulated or not with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The addition of melatonin (0.1 nM1 M) reduced the survival of nave cells while inhibiting LPS-induced cell death. Melatonin (100 nM) transiently (15 min) inhibited the nuclear translocation of both NF-?B dimers (p50/p50, p50/RelA) and, after 60 min, increased the activation of p50/RelA. Melatonin-induced p50/RelA activity in nave cells resulted in the transcription of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the production of NO. Otherwise, in cultures treated with LPS, melatonin blocked the LPS-induced activation of p50/RelA and the reduction in p50/p50 levels and inhibited iNOS expression and NO synthesis. Therefore, melatonin in vehicle-treated cells induces cell death, while it protects against LPS-induced cytotoxicity. In summary, we confirmed that melatonin is a neuroprotective drug when cerebellar cells are challenged; however, melatonin can also lead to cell death when the normal balance of the NF-?B pathway is disturbed. Our data provide a mechanistic basis for understanding the influence of cell context on the final output response of melatonin. PMID:25184316

Franco, Daiane Gil; Markus, Regina P.

2014-01-01

244

Assessing public opinion toward the military. Research report  

SciTech Connect

Opinions and attitudes of the US public toward its military have shifted over the years from strong admiration to fear and contempt. A number of historical and cultural events have helped shape public opinion. Although public opinion is not predicated solely on what happens in an historical and cultural sense, it should be analyzed and documented on the premise that public opinion affects national power, and those things which affect national power are within the realm of interest of the military and national government. A perhaps frightening aspect of the dynamics of shifting public opinion is the dynamics of shifting public opinion is the uncontrolled nature of the shifts and the resultant impact on national power. Also influencing public opinion are developments in weapons and military technology, the massive Soviet propaganda effort, and the mass communications media. This paper is written with the purpose of raising the level of awareness of military and national leaders to the threat to national power which, although lying subtly out of view because it does not pose and immediate threat to our security, nonetheless offers a formidable challenge now. A broad proposal would lay the foundation for proper research and development. (Author)

Foster, C.H.

1985-05-01

245

Totipotent Embryonic Stem Cells Arise in Ground-State Culture Conditions  

PubMed Central

Summary Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from mammalian embryos during the transition from totipotency, when individual blastomeres can make all lineages, to pluripotency, when they are competent to make only embryonic lineages. ESCs maintained with inhibitors of MEK and GSK3 (2i) are thought to represent an embryonically restricted ground state. However, we observed heterogeneous expression of the extraembryonic endoderm marker Hex in 2i-cultured embryos, suggesting that 2i blocked development prior to epiblast commitment. Similarly, 2i ESC cultures were heterogeneous and contained a Hex-positive fraction primed to differentiate into trophoblast and extraembryonic endoderm. Single Hex-positive ESCs coexpressed epiblast and extraembryonic genes and contributed to all lineages in chimeras. The cytokine LIF, necessary for ESC self-renewal, supported the expansion of this population but did not directly support Nanog-positive epiblast-like ESCs. Thus, 2i and LIF support a totipotent state comparable to early embryonic cells that coexpress embryonic and extraembryonic determinants. PMID:23746443

Morgani, SophieM.; Canham, MauriceA.; Nichols, Jennifer; Sharov, AlexeiA.; Migueles, RosaPortero; Ko, MinoruS.H.; Brickman, JoshuaM.

2013-01-01

246

14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...military pilots: Special rules. ...military pilots: Special rules. ...military pilot qualifications, for: ...receiving flight training, may apply...undergraduate pilot training school and received a rating qualification as a...

2010-01-01

247

76 FR 6509 - Notice of Certification; Foreign Military Financing, and International Military Education and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...prosecutions of current and retired military personnel who have been credibly alleged...prosecutions of current and retired military personnel who have been credibly alleged...prosecutions of current and retired military personnel who have been credibly...

2011-02-04

248

Satellite vegetation index data as a tool to forecast population dynamics of medically important mosquitoes at military installations in the Continental United States  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The United States faces many existing and emerging mosquito-borne disease threats such as West Nile virus (WNV) and Rift Valley fever (RVF). An important component of strategic prevention and control plans for these and other mosquito-borne diseases is forecasting the distribution, timing, and abund...

249

Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu  

E-print Network

Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 · cemml@cemml.colostate.edu http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Cultural Resource Management Support The Center for Environmental and structures · Integrated Cultural Resource Management Plans (ICRMPs) · Archaeological resource monitoring

250

[Prospective concepts of the military field therapy development].  

PubMed

The authors suggested the main problems solved by the military field therapy: development, scientific rationale, systematic improvement and practical application of the organizational form of first aid for the wounded in conditions of combat actions; research on the etiology, pathogenesis and clinical picture of states caused by effect of weapon of mass destruction (nuclear weapon, chemical weapon, etc); development of methods of diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment of the abovementioned states; research of the pattern, clinical progression and treatment of somatization disorders in conditions of combat and casual activity of troops, analysis of morbidity among the troops and development of prophylaxis;formulation of military-medical questionnaire and development of the system of rehabilitation for the wounded. Searching for innovative methods for solving the problems of military field therapy is the current problem. Modern warfare changed the concept of delivery of health care, effectiveness of evacuative actions, training of medical personnel and medical maintaining. The authors came to conclusion that qualitative technology breakthrough in development of military medicine and military field therapy would not happen without strategic understanding and learning of prospect technologies. PMID:24000636

Khalimov, Iu Sh; Matveev, S Iu; Kuz'min, V G; Vetriakov, O V

2013-06-01

251

Is Longing Only for Germans? A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Sehnsucht in Germany and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sehnsucht, the longing or yearning for ideal yet seemingly unreachable states of life, is a salient topic in German culture and has proven useful for understanding self-regulation across adulthood in a German sample (e.g., Scheibe, Freund, & Baltes, 2007). The current study tested whether findings for German samples could be generalized to the more individualistic and agentic U.S. American culture.

Susanne Scheibe; Fredda Blanchard-Fields; Maja Wiest; Alexandra M. Freund

2011-01-01

252

Wellness of children in Israel and the United States: A preliminary examination of culture and well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have stressed the importance and relevance for understanding the impact of culture in shaping adolescents world and well-being. This study was undertaken as a preliminary cross-cultural examination of wellness in two samples including 629 children in the United States and 240 children in Israel. The Indivisible Self, an evidence-based, multidimensional, holistic wellness model by Myers and Sweeney was

Moshe Tatar; Jane E. Myers

2010-01-01

253

Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota  

E-print Network

, religion, national origin, sex, age, marital status, disability, public assistance status, veteran status & her family impacted by her father's deployment? ii. Who provided assistance and support? How? 4, (individually or as a group) support or provide assistance to `suddenly military' youth and families? 1

Amin, S. Massoud

254

A perspective on safeguarding and monitoring of excess military plutonium  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to provide a perspective and framework for the development of safeguarding and monitoring procedures for the various stages of disposition of excess military plutonium. The paper briefly outlines and comments on some of the issues involved in safeguarding and monitoring excess military plutonium as it progresses from weapons through dismantlement, to fabrication as reactor fuel, to use in a reactor, and finally to storage and disposal as spent fuel. {open_quotes}Military{close_quotes} refers to ownership, and includes both reactor-grade and weapon-grade plutonium. {open_quotes}Excess{close_quotes} refers to plutonium (in any form) that a government decides is no longer needed for military use and can be irrevocably removed from military stockpiles. Many of the issues and proposals presented in this paper are based on, or are similar to, those mentioned in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on excess military plutonium. Safeguards for plutonium disposition are discussed elsewhere in terms of requirements established by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Here, the discussion is less specific. The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} is used broadly to refer to materials control and accountancy (MC&A), containment and surveillance (C&S), and physical protection of nuclear materials by the state that possesses those materials. This is also referred to as material protection, control, and accountancy (MPCA). The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} was chosen for brevity and to distinguish MPCA considered in this paper from international or IAEA safeguards. {open_quotes}Monitoring{close_quotes} is used to refer to activities designed to assure another party (state or international organization) that the nuclear materials of the host state (the United States or Russia) are secure and not subject to unauthorized use.

Sutcliffe, W.G.

1994-10-02

255

Economic and energy analysis of poplar intensive cultures in the Lake States  

SciTech Connect

Intensive culture of hybrid poplars in the Lake States with our estimates carries substantial risks and does not yield high monetary returns. Intensive culture projects are primarily of interest to industrial users of wood fiber, who can compare them with other sources of supply before making investment decisions. Nonirrigated production strategies are recommended as long as users find our assumptions about irrigation regimes, costs, and obtainable land tract sizes acceptable. Under the conditions specified, irrigating hybrid poplar does not appear economical nor energy efficient. Short-(5 to 10 years) and long-(15 years) rotations differ little in terms of economics and energy efficiency. In view of the uncertainties of some costs and returns that may dramatically affect the economic outlook of a project (specifically, product value, irrigation, need for fertilization, and harvest costs), any initial decision about rotation length for a particular project should be regarded as tentative. If a careful site-specific investigation into irrigation technology and costs and available tract sizes can reveal a more favorable cost picture than we assumed, irrigation alternatives could be more attractive. 20 references, 10 tables.

Rose, D.; Ferguson, K.; Lothner, D.C.; Zavitkovski, J.

1981-01-01

256

In harms way? Payday loan access and military personnel performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does borrowing at 400 percent APR do more harm than good? The Pentagon asserts that payday loans harm military readiness and successfully lobbied for a binding 36 percent APR cap on loans to military members and their families (effective October 1, 2007). But existing evidence on how access to high-interest debt affects borrower behavior is inconclusive. We use within-state variation

Scott Carrell; Jonathan Zinman

2008-01-01

257

ForEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands Land Condition-Trend Analysis  

E-print Network

THECENTER ForEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands Land Condition-Trend Analysis (LCTA) II Survey Using MS Access to Analyze Land Condition-Trend Analysis Data A Beginner's Guide By Christine Bern CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado

258

Bite protection analysis of permethrin-treated U.S. Military uniforms  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Historically, combat casualties from diseases have greatly outnumbered battle injuries received from actual combat during military operations. Since 1951, United States military combat uniforms have been treated within insecticides to protect personnel from arthropod attack. In the 1970s and 1980s,...

259

The Success of a National Dialogue on Sustainable Military Range Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military munitions are the silent giant of hazardous waste management and cleanup in the United States. Toward the end of the first Clinton administration, the Navy and Air Force prevailed upon the Army--the armed service with the biggest ordnance problem--to consider co-sponsoring a formal dialogue on military munitions facilitated by the

Siegel, Lenny

2003-01-01

260

Kriegsraison or Military Necessity? The Bush Administration's Wilhelmine Attitude Towards the Conduct of War  

Microsoft Academic Search

One phrase from a memorandum issued by President George W. Bush early in the War on Terror offers an effective summary of a radically transformed military doctrine. As a matter of policy, Bush wrote, the United States Armed Forces shall continue to treat detainees humanely and, to the extent appropriate and consistent with military necessity, in a manner consistent with

Scott Horton

2006-01-01

261

The Proud Story of Military Child Care: An Exchange Trend Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Barbara Thompson, the Director of the Office of Family Policy/Children and Youth in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. In the interview, Thompson talks about trends in military child care in the United States. She shares when the military got into the business of providing child care. She also talks

Neugebauer, Roger

2011-01-01

262

Funeral Processions, Street Urchins, Education, and Surveillance--The Relationship between Education, State Building, Vagrancy, and Cultural Change in Stockholm, Sweden in the Latter Half of the Seventeenth Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modernization of the educational system was an important priority for the government. Sweden emerged as a dominant military power during the 17th century. The new schools were then established in the midst of a social, political, and cultural transformation with fundamental effects on the school system. The new schools had difficulties freeing

Sandin, Bengt

2003-01-01

263

Cultural perceptions and practices around menarche and adolescent menstruation in the United States.  

PubMed

This overview details the persistence of negative characterizations of the menstrual cycle as a feature of the current cultural context in which girls begin menstrual life in the United States. In addition, research on girls' current menstrual attitudes and experiences within this context are reviewed. Current research suggests that girls are not very knowledgeable about menstruation, and that menstrual education continues to provide girls with mixed messages, such as: menstruation is a normal, natural event, but it should be hidden. Girls' attitudes and expectations about menstruation are negatively biased and have been found to contribute to self-objectification, body shame, and lack of agency in sexual decision-making. Although preparation has been found to be associated with more positive menarcheal and menstrual experiences, specificity about what constitutes "good" preparation has not been well articulated. Implications for promoting the menstrual cycle among young girls as a vital sign in service of monitoring their health are discussed. PMID:18574209

Stubbs, Margaret L

2008-01-01

264

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes  

E-print Network

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb, in a censored version. On August 11, 1945, five days after the Allies dropped the first nuclear bomb on Japan physics and the history of radioactivity; a chronicle of the efforts to break down the atom by bombardment

Landweber, Laura

265

GPS survivability - A military overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The major features contributing to the military survivability of GPS during war are discussed. Possible threats to the various segments of GPS are examined, including the effects of attack, sabotage, and nuclear war. Consideration is given to applicable countermeasures to enable GPS to provide continuous service during war.

Burgess, Alan

266

Soviet military strategy in space  

SciTech Connect

This book examines the Soviet military space effort from its infancy in the 1950s to the spy craft and anti-satellite systems of today. It describes in detail the Soviet equivalents of the U.S. Star Wars program and explains technical and political issues in laymen's terms. A full text of major arms control agreements completes the volume.

Johnson, N.L.

1987-01-01

267

Military Science Chair and Professor  

E-print Network

in the active army, the army reserve, and the National Guard. Upon completion of the curriculum, students / Military Science 199 National Guard. To be considered for contracting into the advanced course, the student. Veterans. Veterans who have served on active duty or in the army reserve or National Guard are also

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

268

The Caltech Political Military Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Caltech political military exercise (PME) is a game in which players assume roles of leaders of various countries and attempt to act as they think these leaders would in a time of international crises. The main purposes of the exercise are (1) to provide students with an experience in crisis diplomacy and policy formation, and (2) to provide a

Munger, E. S.; And Others

269

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

270

59 FR- National Military Families Recognition Day, 1994  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Military Families Recognition Day Presidential Documents...National Military Families Recognition Day, 1994 By the President...Reserves. Military families face abrupt separations, moves...National Military Families Recognition Day.'' I call upon...

1994-11-08

271

H. R. 2738: A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, with respect to benefits for individuals who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service, and for other purposes, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, June 24, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on June 24, 1991 to amend title 38, United States Code with respect to benefits for individuals who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service. Key features addressed in separate sections include the following: expansion of a list of diseases presumed to be service-connected for certain radiation-exposed veteran and elimination of latency-period limitations; and adjudication of claims based on exposure to ionizing radiation.

Not Available

1991-01-01

272

Chemical means of protecting US military personnel from mosquito bites  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Since 1942, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has examined over 30,000 repellents and insecticides for the U.S. military. The repellent research has focused on discovery of repellents that work on clothing, skin, and at a distance (spatial repellents). Borne out of this research is...

273

Brave new world: The transformation of the South African military  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transformation of the South African armed forces required the unprecedented integration of formerly adversary armies. The White Paper, completed in May 1996, established the framework for the new Department of Defense (incorporating civilian control of the military) and identified the security of the people (rather than state security\\

Garth Shelton; Chris Alden

1998-01-01

274

Evaluating the Impacts of Technology Education on Military Maintenance Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States Air Force (USAF) provides career and technical education (CTE) to a wide variety of specialty career fields. Training airmen to carry out the mission while honoring the USAF core values of integrity first, service before self, and excellence in all we do is the top priority of military leaders and trainers. Vehicle maintenance is

Jordan, Jeremy D.; Curtis, Christopher

2010-01-01

275

U. S. Military Documentary Films: A Chronological Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After presenting a chronological account of United States military documentary films from World War I through the Vietnam War, this paper reports on a study that compared the effectiveness of films prepared during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The first section, the chronological account, touches on such subjects as the

Avery, Robert K.; Larson, Timothy L.

276

Can Academic Freedom Work in Military Academies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the thorny question of military discipline vs. academic freedom, demonstrating that the military academy is the perfect proving ground if you want to test the value of academic freedom. The authors, who are also Air Force officers, embarked on a two-year quest to determine what place academic freedom has at a military

Niday, Jackson A., II; Harrington, Kathleen

2007-01-01

277

Deaths due to injury in the military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: More military personnel die of injuries each year than any other cause. This paper provides a basic epidemiologic description of injury deaths in the military.Methods: Using fatality data from the Department of Defense Directorate of Information and Operations Reports and population data from the Defense Manpower Data Center, death rates of men and women in the military services for

Kenneth E Powell; Lois A Fingerhut; Christine M Branche; Dennis M Perrotta

2000-01-01

278

Compulsive gambling and the changing military law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military courts have had to face the issue of compulsive gambling in criminal court-martial proceedings. The military recently switched from the liberal ALI definition of insanity to the much more stringent standards of the federal Insanity Defense Reform Act. However, military courts have not even allowed in expert testimony, holding the relevance of compulsive gambling has not been generally accepted

William S. Little; Fred S. Hecker

1988-01-01

279

49 CFR 1503.407 - Military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Military personnel. 1503.407 Section 1503...Penalties by TSA 1503.407 Military personnel. If a report made under...subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C....

2011-10-01

280

49 CFR 1503.407 - Military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military personnel. 1503.407 Section 1503...Penalties by TSA 1503.407 Military personnel. If a report made under...subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C....

2010-10-01

281

Suicide and the Military Justice System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that U.S. military policies emphasize humanitarian approach to issue of suicide, yet military law may view suicidal behavior as deviant and may prosecute suicide attempters. Cites convictions of soldiers for attempted and assisted suicides. Reviews recent court decisions and suggests revisions in military law. (Author/NB)

Lande, Raymond G.

1992-01-01

282

Inter-Korean military confidence building after 2003.  

SciTech Connect

Tensions on the Korean Peninsula remain high despite a long-term strategy by South Korea to increase inter-Korean exchanges in economics, culture, sports, and other topics. This is because the process of reconciliation has rarely extended to military and security topics and those initiatives that were negotiated have been ineffective. Bilateral interactions must include actions to reduce threats and improve confidence associated with conventional military forces (land, sea, and air) as well as nuclear, chemical, and biological activities that are applicable to developing and producing weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The purpose of this project is to develop concepts for inter-Korean confidence building measures (CBMs) for military and WMD topics that South Korea could propose to the North when conditions are right. This report describes the historical and policy context for developing security-related CBMs and presents an array of bilateral options for conventional military and WMD topics within a consistent framework. The conceptual CBMs address two scenarios: (1) improved relations where construction of a peace regime becomes a full agenda item in inter-Korean dialogue, and (2) continued tense inter-Korean relations. Some measures could be proposed in the short term under current conditions, others might be implemented in a series of steps, while some require a higher level of cooperation than currently exists. To support decision making by political leaders, this research focuses on strategies and policy options and does not include technical details.

Tae-woo, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Littlefield, Adriane C.; Vannoni, Michael Geoffrey; Sang-beom, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Koelm, Jennifer Gay; Olsen, John Norman; Myong-jin, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Sung-tack, Shin (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

2003-08-01

283

Determining the Oxidation States of Manganese in NT2 Cells and Cultured Astrocytes  

SciTech Connect

Excessive brain manganese (Mn) can produce a syndrome called 'manganism', which correlates with loss of striatal dopamine and cell death in the striatum and globus pallidus. The prevalent hypothesis for the cause of this syndrome has been oxidation of cell components by the strong oxidizing agent, Mn{sup 3+}, either formed by oxidation of intracellular Mn{sup 2+} or transported into the cell as Mn{sup 3+}. We have recently used X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy (XANES) to determine the oxidation states of manganese complexes in brain and liver mitochondria and in nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced and non-induced PC12 cells. No evidence was found for stabilization or accumulation of Mn{sup 3+} complexes because of oxidation of Mn{sup 2+} by reactive oxygen species in these tissues. Here we extend these studies of manganese oxidation state to cells of brain origin, human neuroteratocarcinoma (NT2) cells and primary cultures of rat astrocytes. Again we find no evidence for stabilization or accumulation of any Mn{sup 3+} complex derived from oxidation of Mn{sup 2+} under a range of conditions.

Gunter,K.; Aschner, M.; Miller, L.; Eliseev, R.; Salter, J.; Andersen, K.; Gunter, T.

2006-01-01

284

Potassium availability triggers Mycobacterium tuberculosis transition to, and resuscitation from, non-culturable (dormant) states  

PubMed Central

Dormancy in non-sporulating bacteria is an interesting and underexplored phenomenon with significant medical implications. In particular, latent tuberculosis may result from the maintenance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli in non-replicating states in infected individuals. Uniquely, growth of M. tuberculosis in aerobic conditions in potassium-deficient media resulted in the generation of bacilli that were non-culturable (NC) on solid media but detectable in liquid media. These bacilli were morphologically distinct and tolerant to cell-wall-targeting antimicrobials. Bacterial counts on solid media quickly recovered after washing and incubating bacilli in fresh resuscitation media containing potassium. This resuscitation of growth occurred too quickly to be attributed to M. tuberculosis replication. Transcriptomic and proteomic profiling through adaptation to, and resuscitation from, this NC state revealed a switch to anaerobic respiration and a shift to lipid and amino acid metabolism. High concordance with mRNA signatures derived from M. tuberculosis infection models suggests that analogous NC mycobacterial phenotypes may exist during disease and may represent unrecognized populations in vivo. Resuscitation of NC bacilli in potassium-sufficient media was characterized by time-dependent activation of metabolic pathways in a programmed series of processes that probably transit bacilli through challenging microenvironments during infection. PMID:25320096

Salina, Elena G.; Waddell, Simon J.; Hoffmann, Nadine; Rosenkrands, Ida; Butcher, Philip D.; Kaprelyants, Arseny S.

2014-01-01

285

Potassium availability triggers Mycobacterium tuberculosis transition to, and resuscitation from, non-culturable (dormant) states.  

PubMed

Dormancy in non-sporulating bacteria is an interesting and underexplored phenomenon with significant medical implications. In particular, latent tuberculosis may result from the maintenance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli in non-replicating states in infected individuals. Uniquely, growth of M. tuberculosis in aerobic conditions in potassium-deficient media resulted in the generation of bacilli that were non-culturable (NC) on solid media but detectable in liquid media. These bacilli were morphologically distinct and tolerant to cell-wall-targeting antimicrobials. Bacterial counts on solid media quickly recovered after washing and incubating bacilli in fresh resuscitation media containing potassium. This resuscitation of growth occurred too quickly to be attributed to M. tuberculosis replication. Transcriptomic and proteomic profiling through adaptation to, and resuscitation from, this NC state revealed a switch to anaerobic respiration and a shift to lipid and amino acid metabolism. High concordance with mRNA signatures derived from M. tuberculosis infection models suggests that analogous NC mycobacterial phenotypes may exist during disease and may represent unrecognized populations in vivo. Resuscitation of NC bacilli in potassium-sufficient media was characterized by time-dependent activation of metabolic pathways in a programmed series of processes that probably transit bacilli through challenging microenvironments during infection. PMID:25320096

Salina, Elena G; Waddell, Simon J; Hoffmann, Nadine; Rosenkrands, Ida; Butcher, Philip D; Kaprelyants, Arseny S

2014-10-01

286

Filamentous fungi and media for cellulase production in solid state cultures  

PubMed Central

Cellulase production was evaluated in two reference strains (T. reesei Rut-C30 and T. reesei QM9414), two strains isolated from a sugarcane cultivation area (Trichoderma sp. IPT778 and T. harzianum rifai IPT821) and one strain isolated in a program for biodiversity preservation in So Paulo state (Myceliophthora thermophila M77). Solid state cultures were performed using sugarcane bagasse (C), wheat bran (W) and/or soybean bran (S). The highest FPA was 10.6 U/gdm for M77 in SC (10:90) at 80% moisture, which was 4.4 times higher than production in pure W. C was a strong inducer of cellulase production, given that the production level of 6.1 U/gdm in WC (40:60) was 2.5 times higher than in pure W for strain M77; T. reesei Rut-C30 did not respond as strongly with about 1.6-fold surplus production. S advantageously replaced W, as the surplus production on SC (20:80) was 2.3 times relative to WC (20:80) for M77. PMID:24948946

Kilikian, B.V.; Afonso, L.C.; Souza, T.F.C.; Ferreira, R.G.; Pinheiro, I.R.

2014-01-01

287

Filamentous fungi and media for cellulase production in solid state cultures.  

PubMed

Cellulase production was evaluated in two reference strains (T. reesei Rut-C30 and T. reesei QM9414), two strains isolated from a sugarcane cultivation area (Trichoderma sp. IPT778 and T. harzianum rifai IPT821) and one strain isolated in a program for biodiversity preservation in So Paulo state (Myceliophthora thermophila M77). Solid state cultures were performed using sugarcane bagasse (C), wheat bran (W) and/or soybean bran (S). The highest FPA was 10.6 U/gdm for M77 in SC (10:90) at 80% moisture, which was 4.4 times higher than production in pure W. C was a strong inducer of cellulase production, given that the production level of 6.1 U/gdm in WC (40:60) was 2.5 times higher than in pure W for strain M77; T. reesei Rut-C30 did not respond as strongly with about 1.6-fold surplus production. S advantageously replaced W, as the surplus production on SC (20:80) was 2.3 times relative to WC (20:80) for M77. PMID:24948946

Kilikian, B V; Afonso, L C; Souza, T F C; Ferreira, R G; Pinheiro, I R

2014-01-01

288

Culture Machine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Culture Machine is a new, refereed, electronic journal encompassing cultural studies and cultural theory. The international editorial board of the interactive journal aims to "generat[e] research in culture and theory" by promoting and publishing "the most provocative of new work." The theme of the inaugural issue is Taking Risks with the Future. Content includes articles such as Life After Death of the Text by Johan Fornas, Cultural Studies in the Clouds: Mourning for Detail by Tadeusz Slawek, and The Future States of Politics by Kenneth Surin. Culture Machine is hosted by the University of Teesside, England.

289

A Communitarian Critique of the Warfare State: Implications for the Twenty-First-Century University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article contends that the relatively recent academic movement known as communitarianism can serve as a policy guide that could work catalytically on American cultural development of the sort that would loosen the tight military-industrial connection and in so doing aid the dismantling of the "warfare state." After chronicling the development

Theobald, Paul; Knotwell, Jim

2007-01-01

290

Cultural safety in New Zealand and the United States: looking at a way forward together.  

PubMed

Cultural safety emerged in Aotearoa, New Zealand as a nursing response to bicultural interactions between indigenous Maori and other New Zealanders. The purpose of this research is to describe the meaning and experience of cultural safety as depicted by nurses in New Zealand and to illustrate the potential for this to inform U.S. nursing education and practice. This interpretive hermeneutic study explored cultural safety as described by 12 experienced nurses who were selected through snowball and purposive sampling. Audiotaped interviews were conducted after ethics approval. Interpretive analysis uncovered five themes that are described with data and paradigm cases. Cultural safety considers the perspective of the patient as the norm in contrast to the culture of health care. Understanding historical power differences and personal biases can help challenge victim-blaming responses by health care providers. Incorporating these understandings into reflective practice enhances the possibility of culturally safe learning for students and culturally safe care for patients. PMID:22282876

Doutrich, Dawn; Arcus, Kerri; Dekker, Lida; Spuck, Janet; Pollock-Robinson, Catherine

2012-04-01

291

Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for cultural heritage management: state of art and perspectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Non-invasive diagnostic tools able to provide information on the materials and preservation state of artworks are crucial to help conservators, archaeologists and anthropologists to plan and carry out their tasks properly. In this frame, technological solutions exploiting Terahertz (THz) radiation, i.e., working at frequencies ranging from 0.1 to 10 THz, are currently deserving huge attention as complementary techniques to classical analysis methodologies based on electromagnetic radiations from X-rays to mid infrared [1]. The main advantage offered by THz spectroscopy and imaging systems is referred to their capability of providing information useful to determine the construction modality, the history life and the conservation state of artworks as well as to identify previous restoration actions [1,2]. In particular, unlike mid- and near-infrared spectroscopy, which provides fingerprint absorption spectra depending on the intramolecular behavior, THz spectroscopy is related to the structure of the molecules of the investigated object. Hence, it can discriminate, for instance, the different materials mixed in a paint [1,2]. Moreover, THz radiation is able to penetrate several materials which are opaque to both visible and infrared materials, such as varnish, paint, plaster, paper, wood, plastic, and so on. Accordingly, it is useful to detect hidden objects and characterize the inner structure of the artwork under test even in the direction of the depth, while avoiding core drillings. In this frame, THz systems allow us to discriminate different layers of materials present in artworks like paints, to obtain images providing information on the construction technique as well as to discover risk factors affecting the preservation state, such as non-visible cracks, hidden molds and air gaps between the paint layer and underlying structure. Furthermore, adopting a no-ionizing radiation, THz systems offer the not trivial benefit of negligible long term risks to the molecular stability of the exposed objects and humans. Recently, the interest on THz technology is also growing up thanks to the development of flexible and compact commercial systems having source and detector probes coupled by means of optical fiber cables and that do not require complex optical alignments. These features allow us to reconfigure the measurement configuration easily; thus transmission, normal reflection and oblique reflection data can be collected according to the constrains and objective of the survey to be performed. Moreover, they open the way to on field applications. An example of last generation THz systems is the Fiber-Coupled Terahertz Time Domain System (FICO) marketed by Z-Omega and available at the Institute of Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment. Such a system is designed to perform both transmission and reflection spectroscopy and imaging measurements in the range from 60GHz to 3THz; with a waveform acquisition speed up to 500Hz. A review of the literature assessing potentialities and open challenges of THz spectroscopy and imaging in the frame of cultural heritage preservation will be provided at the conferences, with a specific focus on the diagnostic capabilities of last generation systems. REFERENCES [1] K. Fukunaga, I. Hosako, Innovative non-invasive analysis techniques for cultural heritage using terahertz technology, C. R. Physique, vol. 11, pp.519-526, 2010. [2] G.Fillippidis, M. Massaouti, A. Selimis, E.J. Gualda, J.M. Manceau, S. Tzortzakis, Nonlinear imaging and THz diagnostic tools in the service of Cultural Heritage, Appl. Phys. A, vol.106, pp.257-263, 2012.

Catapano, Ilaria; Soldovieri, Francesco

2014-05-01

292

Military Education and Research Library Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The official Web presence of the military education libraries in the United States and Europe, MERLN links together the holdings and electronic information resources of fourteen libraries, collectively the "largest and most comprehensive collections of military information resources in the world." Users can select a Topic Area (or create a custom topic) or a specific catalog, and then search by title, author, subject heading, or advanced options. The databases are also browseable by author, title, subject, or year. A sample search under title keyword for all libraries for "carpet bombing" produced 74 hits, while "Antietam" produced 266. Hits for each library are listed in a frame on the left-hand side, while basic bibliographic information on each title is listed on the right, with links to more detailed information. Users can repeat previous searches and combine them with other searches using the History option and also save and email selected search returns. Please note that at present the library catalogs for the Marine Corps University Research Center, the Marshall Center, the US Coast Guard Academy, and the US Naval Academy cannot be directly searched from MERLN, but efforts are underway to correct the problem. Users can access the homepages of these libraries, and all of the others linked through MERLN, from the main page.

2000-01-01

293

Gender Differences on Eighth Grade Mathematics Items: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the United States and Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rather than describe mean gender differences in mathematics across different cultures, this study instead focused on an in-depth item analysis across two countries, the United States and Spain. The purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences on multiple-choice mathematics items across two countries by using the data gathered in the

Calvert, Tasha; Engelhard, George, Jr.

294

She Is My Language Broker: How Does Cultural Capital Benefit Asian Immigrant Children in the United States?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural capital benefits Asian immigrant children when they become language brokers. This skill can also benefit their parents and families in the United States. Language brokering may shape and possibly enhance students' academic performance and can further children's linguistic and academic achievement. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)

Md-Yunus, Sham'ah

2011-01-01

295

Culturally Diverse and Underserved Populations of Gifted Students in the United States and in Taiwan: Equitable Access to Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a continuing increase in the African American and Hispanic student populations in public schools. The students who are invited to gifted programs are overwhelmingly White. This is the situation in schools in the United States and also in Taiwan. Misunderstanding or unawareness of culture difference among educators might contribute to

Ho, Ya-Ting

2014-01-01

296

Is Longing Only for Germans? A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Sehnsucht in Germany and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Sehnsucht", the longing or yearning for ideal yet seemingly unreachable states of life, is a salient topic in German culture and has proven useful for understanding self-regulation across adulthood in a German sample (e.g., Scheibe, Freund, & Baltes, 2007). The current study tested whether findings for German samples could be generalized to the

Scheibe, Susanne; Blanchard-Fields, Fredda; Wiest, Maja; Freund, Alexandra M.

2011-01-01

297

CROSS-CULTURAL SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES IN DYNAMIC STEREOTYPES: A COMPARISON BETWEEN GERMANY AND THE UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined cross-cultural similarities and differences in beliefs about men and women of the past, present, and future. These dynamic stereotypes ,o rbeliefs that a group's present characteristics differ from its past or future characteristics, correspond to the actual role change experienced by the group (Diekman & Eagly, 2000). Participants in Germany and the United States perceived that women

Annett Wilde; Amanda B. Diekman

2005-01-01

298

Military survey honors Guy Bomford  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recognition of his many contributions to geodesy, the United Kingdom's Military Survey's new headquarters building was named after Brigadier Guy Bomford at a ceremony at Feltham near London on July 10, 1992. He was the director of survey of the southeast Asia command during World War II, was reader in geodesy at Oxford University, was active in the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (serving as president from 1963 to 1967), and is the author of the well-known text, Geodesy.Now aged 92, Bomford unveiled a plaqueon the building and attended a luncheon at the Feltham Officer's Mess hosted by the Director General of Military Survey, Major General Roy Wood.

299

Organizational commitment of military physicians.  

PubMed

An individual's loyalty or bond to his or her employing organization, referred to as organizational commitment, influences various organizational outcomes such as employee motivation, job satisfaction, performance, accomplishment of organizational goals, employee turnover, and absenteeism. Therefore, as in other sectors, employee commitment is crucial also in the healthcare market. This study investigates the effects of organizational factors and personal characteristics on organizational commitment of military physicians using structural equation modeling (SEM) on a self-report, cross-sectional survey that consisted of 635 physicians working in the 2 biggest military hospitals in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that professional commitment and organizational incentives contribute positively to organizational commitment, whereas conflict with organizational goals makes a significantly negative contribution to it. These results might help develop strategies to increase employee commitment, especially in healthcare organizations, because job-related factors have been found to possess greater impact on organizational commitment than personal characteristics. PMID:19780367

Demir, Cesim; Sahin, Bayram; Teke, Kadir; Ucar, Muharrem; Kursun, Olcay

2009-09-01

300

DOD Dictionary of Military Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Defense Defense Technical Information Center provides this handy dictionary, derived from Joint Publication 1-02, "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms." Users can browse the dictionary alphabetically or search it. Definitions are terse but clear. Cross references are provided but, unfortunately, not hyperlinked at this time. The dictionary also contains both terms and acronyms & abbreviations. The latter two can be browsed or searched separately from a link on the dictionary page.

Defense Technical Information Center (U.S.)

301

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

SciTech Connect

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26

302

Grooming and cultural socialization: A mixed method study of caregiving practices in Burma (Myanmar) and the United States.  

PubMed

Grooming behaviours are thought to be a crucial aspect of parenting and integral to the sociality of non-human mammals, but there have been few empirical studies on how grooming might be relevant to parenting and socialization processes in humans. Study 1 is a quantitative cross-cultural comparison of grooming practices in two cultural settings: an urban centre in Burma (Myanmar) and an urban centre in the United States. The study uses naturalistic video data of 57 families to analyse grooming behaviours directed at children. A broad range of ages was sampled in each culture to examine the developmental trajectory of grooming behaviours. Results indicate that significant cultural differences exist between Burma and the United States, with Burmese children being groomed by their caregivers more often than U.S. children. Results also indicate that cultural differences in grooming practices begin early and remain constant across age. An unexpected finding was that Burmese families were more variable in their behaviour than U.S. families. Study 2 attempts to explain this variability by using ethnography to describe how sociodemographic changes in Burma are leading to changes in parental values and socialization practices in the schools, but how embodied primary care in the homes appear resistant to change. PMID:25530498

Thein-Lemelson, Seinenu M

2015-02-01

303

Grooming and cultural socialization: A mixed method study of caregiving practices in Burma (Myanmar) and the United States  

PubMed Central

Grooming behaviours are thought to be a crucial aspect of parenting and integral to the sociality of non-human mammals, but there have been few empirical studies on how grooming might be relevant to parenting and socialization processes in humans. Study 1 is a quantitative cross-cultural comparison of grooming practices in two cultural settings: an urban centre in Burma (Myanmar) and an urban centre in the United States. The study uses naturalistic video data of 57 families to analyse grooming behaviours directed at children. A broad range of ages was sampled in each culture to examine the developmental trajectory of grooming behaviours. Results indicate that significant cultural differences exist between Burma and the United States, with Burmese children being groomed by their caregivers more often than U.S. children. Results also indicate that cultural differences in grooming practices begin early and remain constant across age. An unexpected finding was that Burmese families were more variable in their behaviour than U.S. families. Study 2 attempts to explain this variability by using ethnography to describe how sociodemographic changes in Burma are leading to changes in parental values and socialization practices in the schools, but how embodied primary care in the homes appear resistant to change. PMID:25530498

Thein-Lemelson, Seinenu M

2015-01-01

304

A Mixed Culture Recovery Method Indicates that Enteric Bacteria Do Not Enter the Viable but Nonculturable State  

PubMed Central

A new method, called the mixed culture recovery (MCR) method, has been developed to determine whether recovery of culturable bacterial cells from a population of largely nonculturable cells is due to resuscitation of the nonculturable cells from a viable but nonculturable state or simply to growth of residual culturable cells. The MCR method addresses this issue in that it involves the mixing of two easily distinguishable strains (e.g., lactose positive and negative) in such a way that large numbers of nonculturable cells of both strains are present together with a small number of culturable cells of only one strain, performing a nutrient addition resuscitation procedure, and then plating the cells to determine whether both cell types are recoverable. In repeated experiments with strains of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterobacter aerogenes, and Salmonella choleraesuis, only cells of the culturable strain were recovered after application of various resuscitation techniques. These results suggest that the nonculturable cells were dead and that the apparent resuscitation was merely due to the growth of the remaining culturable cells. PMID:9572945

Bogosian, Gregg; Morris, Patricia J. L.; ONeil, Julia P.

1998-01-01

305

Montana State University 1 Military Science -Army  

E-print Network

, medical, and scholastic standards are eligible to enroll in the Advanced Course. The Advanced Course, tactics, ethics, professionalism and advanced leadership development. During the summer between the junior ROTC scholarship is given to students pursuing degrees in nursing, engineering, the physical sciences

Maxwell, Bruce D.

306

Correlations between social-emotional feelings and anterior insula activity are independent from visceral states but influenced by culture  

PubMed Central

The anterior insula (AI) maps visceral states and is active during emotional experiences, a functional confluence that is central to neurobiological accounts of feelings. Yet, it is unclear how AI activity correlates with feelings during social emotions, and whether this correlation may be influenced by culture, as studies correlating real-time AI activity with visceral states and feelings have focused on Western subjects feeling physical pain or basic disgust. Given psychological evidence that social-emotional feelings are cognitively constructed within cultural frames, we asked Chinese and American participants to report their feeling strength to admiration and compassion-inducing narratives during fMRI with simultaneous electrocardiogram recording. Trial-by-trial, cardiac arousal and feeling strength correlated with ventral and dorsal AI activity bilaterally but predicted different variance, suggesting that interoception and social-emotional feeling construction are concurrent but dissociable AI functions. Further, although the variance that correlated with cardiac arousal did not show cultural effects, the variance that correlated with feelings did. Feeling strength was especially associated with ventral AI activity (the autonomic modulatory sector) in the Chinese group but with dorsal AI activity (the visceral-somatosensory/cognitive sector) in an American group not of Asian descent. This cultural group difference held after controlling for posterior insula (PI) activity and was replicated. A bi-cultural East-Asian American group showed intermediate results. The findings help elucidate how the AI supports feelings and suggest that previous reports that dorsal AI activation reflects feeling strength are culture related. More broadly, the results suggest that the brain's ability to construct conscious experiences of social emotion is less closely tied to visceral processes than neurobiological models predict and at least partly open to cultural influence and learning. PMID:25278862

Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen; Yang, Xiao-Fei; Damasio, Hanna

2014-01-01

307

Between Paralysis and Practice: Theorizing the Political Liminality of Palestinian Cultural Heritage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Israeli military occupation of Palestine since 1967 coupled with the introduction of limited autonomy in 1993 has positioned\\u000a the yet-to-be formed nation-state in political liminalityneither completely sovereign nor entirely subjugated. While this\\u000a ambiguity has obvious ramifications for Palestine as a political entity, it also places the cultural heritage of Palestine\\u000a in potential jeopardy. This paper examines the legal and

Robert R. Sauders

2008-01-01

308

Reverse micellar extraction of fungal glucoamylase produced in solid-state fermentation culture.  

PubMed

Partial purification of glucoamylase from solid-state fermentation culture was, firstly, investigated by reverse micellar extraction (RME). To avoid back extraction problems, the glucoamylase was kept in the original aqueous phase, while the other undesired proteins/ enzymes were moved to the reverse micellar organic phase. The individual and interaction effects of main factors (i.e., pH and NaCl concentration in the aqueous phase, and concentration of sodium bis-2-ethyl-hexyl-sulfosuccinate (AOT) in the organic phase) were studied using response surface methodology. The optimum conditions for the maximum recovery of the enzyme were pH 2.75, 100 mM NaCl, and 200 mM AOT. Furthermore, the optimum organic to aqueous volume ratio (Vorg/Vaq) and appropriate number of sequential extraction stages were 2 and 3, respectively. Finally, 60% of the undesired enzymes including proteases and xylanases were removed from the aqueous phase, while 140% of glucoamylase activity was recovered in the aqueous phase and the purification factor of glucoamylase was found to be 3.0-fold. PMID:25112315

Paraj, Aliakbar; Khanahmadi, Morteza; Karimi, Keikhosro; Taherzadeh, Mohammad J

2014-12-28

309

17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004  

E-print Network

The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

Williams, Cindy

310

Post-Traumatic Stress Innovations: U.S. Military Enterprise Analysis  

E-print Network

This presentation covers the analysis of policy formulation in the U.S. Military health enterprise, the process for feedback between research and care delivery, and the enterprise interview for current state analysis.

Nightingale, Deborah

2011-01-26

311

Review of mobile health technology for military mental health.  

PubMed

Mental health problems pose challenges for military veterans, returning service members, and military family members including spouses and children. Challenges to meeting mental health needs include improving access to care and improving quality of care. Mobile Health, or "mHealth," can help meet these needs in the garrison and civilian environments. mHealth brings unique capabilities to health care provision through the use of mobile device technologies. This report identifies high-priority mHealth technology development considerations in two categories. First, priority considerations specific to mental health care provision include safety, privacy, evidence-based practice, efficacy studies, and temperament. Second, priority considerations broadly applicable to mHealth include security, outcomes, ease of use, carrier compliance, hardware, provider perspectives, data volume, population, regulation, command policy, and reimbursement. Strategic planning for the advancement of these priority considerations should be coordinated with stated Department of Defense capability needs to maximize likelihood of adoption. This report also summarizes three leading, military programs focused on mHealth projects in mental health, The Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, The Military Operational Medicine Research Program, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and The National Center for Telehealth and Technology. PMID:25102529

Shore, Jay H; Aldag, Matt; McVeigh, Francis L; Hoover, Ronald L; Ciulla, Robert; Fisher, Ashley

2014-08-01

312

A Peace Dividend for North Korea? The Political Economy of Military Spending, Conflict Resolution, and Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Among the most striking and menacing features of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea) is the extreme worship\\u000a for the military and militarization. Not only is North Korea a totalitarian state, but it is a state where the military, uniquely\\u000a in the world, officially has the upper hand in all functions and issues. This is the principle enshrined

Bernhard Seliger

313

Teaching Cross-Cultural Aging: Using Literary Portrayals of Elders from Chile and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literary texts are cultural artifacts revealing a society's values and attitudes; reading literature about elders and old age can change readers' ageist attitudes. Beginning with these assumptions, I discuss ways of teaching cross-cultural aging in undergraduate literature courses, using Chilean texts paired with American texts. Students learn how

Waxman, Barbara

2005-01-01

314

Culture Industry Policy in China and the United States: A Comparative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a consensus that culture industry is assuming a more important economic development function in most countries of the world today. As a result of this consensus, the purpose of this paper is to investigate, through a comparative analysis, how China can improve its existing public policies to nurture an environment where culture industry develops and prospers. The paper

Guan Ping Qin; Hao Wei; Xi Wang

2009-01-01

315

Good Citizen/Bad Activist: The Cultural Role of the State in Youth Activism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural studies is positioned to address various dilemmas by asking, among other important and relevant questions: Who is responding to current urgent social issues, and how are these responders both regulated by and resisting the wider cultural forces within which they navigate? The purpose of this article is to offer some response to these

Kennelly, Jacqueline

2009-01-01

316

Military Bases and Conservation Markets  

SciTech Connect

Over time, DoD is likely to be one of the largest buyers and sellers in a water quality trading market. The Department of Defense (DoD) operates military bases that resemble small cities in infrastructure. As units redeploy, bases are likely to find themselves well within their environmental limits at the originating base and potentially bumping against limits such as nitrate and phosphate loading at the destination base. Stricter rules and heavier loadings in growing watersheds also present challenges to local bases and municipalities as regulators clamp down on loadings from existing Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTPs) to meet water quality standards.

Mark Ankeny

2007-09-01

317

Military Exceptionalism or Tobacco Exceptionalism: How Civilian Health Leaders Beliefs May Impede Military Tobacco Control Efforts  

PubMed Central

Smoking impairs the readiness and performance of military personnel, yet congressional opposition has thwarted military tobacco control initiatives. Involvement of civilian organizations might alter this political dynamic. We interviewed 13 leaders of national civilian public health and tobacco control organizations to explore their perspectives on military tobacco control, inductively analyzing data for themes. Leaders believed that military tobacco use was problematic but lacked specific knowledge. Most supported smoke-free policies and prohibiting smoking in uniform; however, they opposed banning tobacco use, arguing that it would violate smokers rights. Most leaders inappropriately applied civilian models of policy development to the military context. A tobacco-free military is unlikely to be achieved without militarycivilian partnerships that include educating civilian health leaders about military policy development and implementation. PMID:23409898

Smith, Elizabeth A.; Malone, Ruth E.

2013-01-01

318

Alteration of chromium effect on photosystem II activity in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cultures under different synchronized state of the cell cycle.  

PubMed

The inhibitory effect of chromium (Cr) on photosystem II (PSII) activity was investigated in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii during different phases of the cell cycle. Algae were cultivated in continuous light or a light/dark cycle (16:8 h) to obtain a synchronously dividing cell culture. The cell division phases were determined with the DNA-specific fluorescent probe SYBR green using flow cytometry. The effect of Cr on PSII activity was investigated after a 24-h treatment with algal cultures having different proportions of newly divided cells (G(0)/G(1)), dividing cells at the DNA replication phase (S), and dividing cells at the mitosis phase (G(2)/M). Using chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters based on PSII electron transport capacity in dark- (?(M)II) and light-adapted (?'(M)II) equilibrium state, we found that the effect of Cr differs depending on the stage of the cell cycle. When algal cultures had a high proportion of cells actively dividing (M phase), the toxic effect of Cr on PSII activity appeared to be much higher and PSII quantum yield was decreased by 80 % compared to algal cultures mainly in the G(0)/G(1) phase. Therefore, the inhibitory effect of Cr on photosynthesis appears to be different according to the cell cycle state of the algal population. PMID:23238598

Didur, Olivier; Dewez, David; Popovic, Radovan

2013-03-01

319

Satellite Power System (SPS) military applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential military role, both offensive and defensive, of a Satellite Power System (SPS) is examined. A number of potential military support possibilities are described. An SPS with military capabilities may have a strong negative impact on international relations if it is not internationalized. The SPS satellite would be vulnerable to military action of an enemy with good space capability, but would experience little or no threat from saboteurs or terrorists, except via the ground controls. The paper concludes with an outline of some of the key issues involved, and a number of recommendations for future study, including some areas for long term efforts.

Ozeroff, M. J.

1978-01-01

320

Military applications evolution and future. [meteorological satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program is described with particular emphasis on the military applications of METSAT data. Satellite operational support, data processing and image quality requirements are discussed.

Kaehn, A. J., Jr.

1982-01-01

321

Sustainability of water supply at military installations, Kabul Basin, Afghanistan  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Kabul Basin, including the city of Kabul, Afghanistan, is host to several military installations of Afghanistan, the United States, and other nations that depend on groundwater resources for water supply. These installations are within or close to the city of Kabul. Groundwater also is the potable supply for the approximately four million residents of Kabul. The sustainability of water resources in the Kabul Basin is a concern to military operations, and Afghan water-resource managers, owing to increased water demands from a growing population and potential mining activities. This study illustrates the use of chemical and isotopic analysis, groundwater flow modeling, and hydrogeologic investigations to assess the sustainability of groundwater resources in the Kabul Basin. Water supplies for military installations in the southern Kabul Basin were found to be subject to sustainability concerns, such as the potential drying of shallow-water supply wells as a result of declining water levels. Model simulations indicate that new withdrawals from deep aquifers may have less of an impact on surrounding community water supply wells than increased withdrawals from near-surface aquifers. Higher rates of recharge in the northern Kabul Basin indicate that military installations in that part of the basin may have fewer issues with long-term water sustainability. Simulations of groundwater withdrawals may be used to evaluate different withdrawal scenarios in an effort to manage water resources in a sustainable manner in the Kabul Basin.

Mack, T.J.; Chornack, M.P.; Verstraeten, I.M.

2014-01-01

322

A Study in Engineering and Military Ethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human nature and social awareness can often cause individuals to act or make decisions that are not considered moral or proper by the majority. Merriam-Webster defines ethics as a set of moral principles or a system of moral values.1 Most occupations that require the trust of the general public are held to high ethical standards. These professions include law, medical, engineering, and military, all of which have adopted systems that guide subscribed individuals through moral decision making processes. Most learned professions that uphold such standards prescribe a system of non-mandatory codes of conduct.2 Perhaps the most recognized professional code of ethics was reported by the National Society of Professional Engineers, which defines fundamental canons and includes explicit guidance on professional conduct. Because ethical behavior is essential to the profession of engineering, ABET Inc., has addressed this topic in Criterion 3, outcome (f): graduates will have an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility. The environmental engineering program criteria (ABET Criterion 9) also requires an understanding of professional practice issues.3 There are numerous examples in the literature on how professional practice issues might be included in engineering curricula, but limited data on methods for assessment. The United States Military Academy (USMA) Environmental Engineering Program has a robust military ethical education and training program that spans the entire four year West Point experience. It is thought that the moral character development programs at USMA strongly support the professional practice requirements of EC2000.3 The USMA environmental engineering program has been assessing attainment of ethics and other professional practice requirements since ca. 1999. Because all graduates of the USMA environmental engineering program (unless granted a waiver by the program director) are required to take the Fundamentals of Engineering Exam (FEE), it has been used as a metric for this purpose since FEE subject data has been available. Longitudinal data on ethics questions, from the FEE, is presented in Figure 1. The USMA Environmental Engineering cadets have been tracking with the national average (for environmental engineers) on ethics since 2002.

Butkus, Michael; David, Gayle

2009-09-10

323

78 FR 50109 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...claim cultural heritage to the Skagit River delta area. Historical and anthropological sources (Amoss 1978, Mooney 1896, Spier 1936, Swanton 1952) indicate that the Kikiallus, Swinomish, Lower Skagit, and Upper Skagit people occupied and had...

2013-08-16

324

76 FR 58031 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...have jointly repatriated all human remains and funerary objects...intentionally placed with the human remains. Therefore, the four...indicates that the aboriginal ancestors occupying this area were highly...found in connection with the human remains. The cultural...

2011-09-19

325

77 FR 52056 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...this notice. History and Description of the Cultural Items The unassociated funerary objects are six ceramic bowls, four ceramic jars, two ceramic pitchers, and three ceramic sherds. The funerary objects were removed from the Burruel site,...

2012-08-28

326

Thank You for Your Service: Military Initiatives on College Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military students and their dependents arrive on college campuses with a diverse array of academic goals and support needs. A military friendly college understands that military students are transitioning from the professional military environment to the workforce, and academic work is part of that transition. A military friendly college is not

Wilson, Kristin Bailey

2014-01-01

327

US Government Outsourcing, the Private Military Industry, and Operation Iraqi Freedom: A Case Study in Conflict Contracting  

E-print Network

This thesis analyzes state utilization of private military and security companies (PMSC), using United States Government (USG) outsourcing during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) as a case study to investigate how PMSCs influence interstate conflicts...

Halpin, Allison Ann

2011-12-31

328

Arms and the University: Military Presence and the Civic Education of Non-Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alienation between the U.S. military and society has grown in recent decades. Such alienation is unhealthy, as it threatens both sufficient civilian control of the military and the long-standing ideal of the "citizen soldier." Nowhere is this issue more predominant than at many major universities, which began turning their backs on the military

Downs, Donald Alexander; Murtazashvili, Ilia

2012-01-01

329

Political and cultural contrasts in reporting about disasters: comparing United States and Chinese newspaper portrayals of bridge collapses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the news coverage of bridge collapses in the United States and China to reveal how the cultural, political,\\u000a and social differences of these two countries influence the ways in which disasters are represented to the public. By applying\\u000a qualitative and quantitative research methods, the study examines the variations in news articles in different newspapers\\u000a on bridge collapses.

Xueqin Elaine He; John P. Tiefenbacher

2008-01-01

330

Availability of mental health services for older adults: A cross-cultural comparison of the United States and Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers conducted a cross-cultural study using qualitative methods (based on a phenomenological approach) to explore the availability of mental health services (MHS) for older adults in the United States and Turkey. Using purposive sampling, semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with administrators (n?=?24) from a wide-range of sites (nursing homes, hospice, senior centers) in a rural area of North Central Florida,

R. Sivis; C. S. McCrae; A. Demir

2005-01-01

331

Military parachuting injuries in Brazil.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to identify the main injuries caused by military parachuting jumping techniques in Brazil. With this aim, their distribution by anatomical site and their association with aircraft type and drop zone characteristics were analysed. Data for the study were obtained by the analysis of accident reports, completed after each jumping training mission in which an injury occurred, during the period January 2005-August 2006. The overall lesion rate during the period was 1.2%, with 189 injured subjects, and the highest injury rate was detected for the foot/ankle anatomical site (32.8%). The relative injury rates according to drop zone were 1.00% (main drop zone-Afonsos) and 2.94% for the remaining zones. Regarding aircraft type, these rates were 0.91% for the C130, 2.03% for the C115 and 2.68% for the C95 airplanes. The relative risk for the drop zone categories (reference category Afonsos) was 2.94 (95% CI: [2.10; 4.04]); while for aircraft types (reference category C130) these values were 2.95 (95% CI: [2.18; 3.98]; C95 aircraft) and 2.23 (95% CI: [1.34; 3.70]; C115). The study suggests that ankle stabilisers should be put into use by military parachuters, and that a better-planned schedule should be implemented for the used drop zones. PMID:19524238

Neves, Eduardo Borba; de Souza, Mrcio Nogueira; de Almeida, Renan Moritz Varnier Rodrigues

2009-08-01

332

Civilian and Military Genetics: Nondiscrimination Policy in a Post-GINA World  

PubMed Central

Evidence is emerging of a growing societal consensus about appropriate and inappropriate uses of genetic information. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 provides new legal protections to Americans by prohibiting the discriminatory use of genetic information by health insurers and employers. Additionally, the United States military recently created new policies for fair use of genetic information in the determination of benefits for servicemen and servicewomen leaving military service. Although critical issues remain, such as the potential for genetic information to be used to deny people other forms of insurance, and how the military will use genetic medicine overall, significant progress has been made. PMID:18940308

Baruch, Susannah; Hudson, Kathy

2008-01-01

333

Effects of Diversity Education on College Students in Military Sponsored Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central purpose of this study was to determine if teaching the subject matter of diversity or social psychology to military sponsored college students would change the level of sensitivity (behavior and attitude) to diversity as measured by an instrument called The Inventory of Cross Cultural Sensitivity developed by Kenneth Cushner (1986).

Stewart, Orbie L.

2010-01-01

334

Significant effect of NH 4 + on cordycepin production by submerged cultivation of medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of nitrogen sources on cell growth and cordycepin production by submerged cultivation of Cordyceps militaris, a traditional Chinese medicinal mushroom, were investigated. In complex medium, peptone was identified as the best nitrogen source for cordycepin biosynthesis. A study using chemically defined medium indicated that NH4+ played an important role in cordycepin biosynthesis. To enhance cordycepin production, fed-batch culture with

Xian-Bing Mao; Jian-Jiang Zhong

2006-01-01

335

H. R. 1972: A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, with respect to benefits for veterans who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service, and for other purposes, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, April 22, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on April 22, 1991 to amend title 38, United States Code. This legislation involves benefits for veterans who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service. Individual sections address the following: expansion of presumption of service connection for certain radiation-exposed reservists; expansion of list of diseases presumed to be service-connected for certain radiation-exposed veterans and elimination of latency-period limitations; and adjudication of claims based on exposure to ionizing radiation.

Not Available

1991-01-01

336

PREPARING FOR MASS REFUGEE FLOWS - THE CORPORATE MILITARY SECTOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

upheaval. Meanwhile, military think-tanks, especially in the United States, are planning sophisticated new area and perimeter denial technologies and deployment rationales and strategies under the catch-all diktat of preparing for the asymmetrical 'war against terror'. These developments have come about because of a coalition of co- incidences rather than a pre-planned response to climate change. Nevertheless, with current estimates of

STEVE WRIGHT

337

Antonescu's Regime Revisionism -the Transylvanian Syndrome The main thesis of this paper is that eastern ideological, military, territory recovering  

E-print Network

of the Danubian Principalities permitted them to create earlier a national state after the Crimean War is that eastern ideological, military, territory recovering ­ and even gaining ­ and genocidal war was not more as participate to the remodeling of the Balkans after the war, or gaining by military efforts Bessarabia

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

338

Coordination and Integration of Military Education with National Career Education: Phase 2: Final Report. Technical Report No. 890.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study is an investigation and demonstration of the degree to which military experience in certain specialties is continuous with the career development patterns of workers in the entire United States society. Selected characteristics of 24 military occupations (six from each branch of the services) were compared with similar characteristics of

Smith, Janice B.; Callahan, W. Thomas

339

77 FR 14006 - Record of Decision for the Military Housing Privatization Initiative Hurlburt Field and Eglin Air...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force Record of Decision for the Military...Privatization Initiative Hurlburt Field and Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, Final Environmental...On February 6, 2012, the United States Air Force signed the ROD for the Military...

2012-03-08

340

AUTO BUYING BEHAVIOR: MILITARY AND CIVILIAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation of consumer behavior for marketing automobiles is an important element in devising marketing strategies. In this study, a survey was conducted to assess the behavioral aspects of purchasing automobiles by military and civilian personnel At the Fort Lee Military Base in Virginia. The collected set of data was compiled with respect to twelve characteristics of purchasing behaviors. The basic

Samuel K. Moak; Krishan Rana; Richard T. McKinney

341

Reforming the Military Health Care System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Serious problems beset the military's extensive system of health care: rising budgetary costs, dissatisfaction among its beneficiaries, and inadequate readiness for war. This report was written at the request of the House Committee on Armed Services to examine some of these issues. It looks at a range of possible reforms in the military health

Slackman, Joel

342

Investigating Team Learning in a Military Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As teams have become fundamental parts of today's organisations, the need for these teams to function and learn efficiently and effectively is widely emphasised. Also in military contexts team learning is vital. The current article examines team learning behaviour in military teams as it aims to cross-validate a team learning model that was

Veestraeten, Marlies; Kyndt, Eva; Dochy, Filip

2014-01-01

343

Military and Civilian Media Coverage of Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military suicide has increased over the past decade and reports of Service Member and Veteran suicides receive media attention. Some methods of reporting suicide appear to cause a media contagion effect, potentially increasing suicide. This effect is explored in relation to media reports of both military and civilian suicides. To reduce possible contagion, recommendations for media reporting of suicides were

Amanda Edwards-Stewart; Julie T. Kinn; Jennifer D. June; Nicole R. Fullerton

2011-01-01

344

Military Deployment and Elementary Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact that military deployment has upon academic achievement of elementary school students. TerraNova test scores of 137 fourth and fifth grade students in two elementary schools with a high proportion of military dependent children were examined for two consecutive years. Although the academic test performance fell

Phelps, Terri; Dunham, Mardis; Lyons, Robert

2010-01-01

345

Secondary Trauma and Military Veteran Caregivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article focuses on the secondary trauma stressors experienced by those who care for members of the military with special attention to the caregivers of war fighters seeking help from combat stress. Consistent with the theme of the special issue of understanding and preparing for the challenges of combat stress, the authors suggest that military caregiver stress and resilience require

Brian E. Bride; Charles R. Figley

2009-01-01

346

Sociological Research in a Military School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the content of a system of sociological support for the administration of a higher military educational institution, and what problems are involved? From October 2006 to February 2007, instructors in the department of the humanities and the social-economic disciplines at Eisk F. M. Komarov Higher Military Aviation School (EVVAU) carried

Ignat'ev, V. V.

2008-01-01

347

Optimal Compensating Wages for Military Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current U.S. military pay structure offers inequitable and inefficient wages across locations. Military personnel are paid less competitive wages in high-cost and/or low-amenity locations compared to low-cost and/or high-amenity locations. This pay system results in unequal reenlistment rates across locations, which leads to production

Carrell, Scott E.; West, James E.

2005-01-01

348

Chronic pain management in the active-duty military  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As in the general population, chronic pain is a prevalent and burdensome affliction in active-duty military personnel. Painful conditions in military members can be categorized broadly in terms of whether they arise directly from combat injuries (gunshot, fragmentation wound, blast impact) or whether they result from non-combat injuries (sprains, herniated discs, motor vehicle accidents). Both combat-related and non-combat-related causes of pain can further be classified as either acute or chronic. Here we discuss the state of pain management as it relates to the military population in both deployed and non-deployed settings. The term non-battle injury (NBI) is commonly used to refer to those conditions not directly associated with the combat actions of war. In the history of warfare, NBI have far outstripped battle-related injuries in terms not only of morbidity, but also mortality. It was not until improvements in health care and field medicine were applied in World War I that battle-related deaths finally outnumbered those attributed to disease and pestilence. However, NBI have been the leading cause of morbidity and hospital admission in every major conflict since the Korean War. Pain remains a leading cause of presentation to military medical facilities, both in and out of theater. The absence of pain services is associated with a low return-to-duty rate among the deployed population. The most common pain complaints involve the low-back and neck, and studies have suggested that earlier treatment is associated with more significant improvement and a higher return to duty rate. It is recognized that military medicine is often at the forefront of medical innovation, and that many fields of medicine have reaped benefit from the conduct of war.

Jamison, David; Cohen, Steven P.

2012-06-01

349

A network evaluation of attitudes toward gays and lesbians among U.S. military cadets.  

PubMed

The U.S. military's ban on open homosexuality has become an increasingly salient issue since its implementation in 1993 and its repeal in 2011. The military is an organization with a unique professional and social organization. Evaluating military attitudes from a network perspective may offer insight into the role of formal and informal leadership in engendering attitudinal change and cultural tolerance around homosexuality. This study evaluates the role of network centrality and network exposure across formal (command networks) and informal (friendship and perceived leadership networks) structures on attitudes toward homosexuality in the military. This work analyzes survey data from a single cadet company within the U.S. Military Academy (n = 139) prior to the repeal of Don't Ask, Don't Tell. Results indicate that popular students tend to show tolerance toward homosexuality, whereas those who hold command leadership positions are more likely to have personal and professional opposition to homosexuality. In addition, formal superior-subordinate relationships are somewhat more likely to suggest social contagion compared to informal leadership and friendship relationships. Recommendations offer guidance for training strategies particularly with respect to a military leaders and socialization. Future research should monitor these issues relative to the post-DADT environment. PMID:24147587

Coronges, Kathryn A; Miller, Katherine A; Tamayo, Christina I; Ender, Morten G

2013-01-01

350

32 CFR 538.4 - Convertibility of military payment certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Convertibility of military payment certificates. 538.4 Section 538.4 National...CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS MILITARY PAYMENT CERTIFICATES 538.4 Convertibility of military payment certificates. (a) For authorized...

2010-07-01

351

75 FR 2114 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC); Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...announces that the Military Leadership Diversity Commission...commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission...on committee process management; DFO adjourns the...development: Diversity Management and Training; Open...statements to the Military Leadership Diversity...

2010-01-14

352

75 FR 81244 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...all members of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission before...the control of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission or its...2011 meeting of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission as required...Accordingly, the Advisory Committee Management Officer for the...

2010-12-27

353

32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accordance with the President's Military Order, the Secretary of Defense...time appointing one or more military commissions to try individuals...subject to the President's Military Order and appointing any other personnel necessary to facilitate...

2011-07-01

354

32 CFR 169a.14 - Military personnel commercial activity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Military personnel commercial activity. 169a... Procedures 169a.14 Military personnel commercial activity. Commercial...activities performed exclusively by military personnel not subject to deployment...

2010-07-01

355

32 CFR 169a.14 - Military personnel commercial activity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Military personnel commercial activity. 169a... Procedures 169a.14 Military personnel commercial activity. Commercial...activities performed exclusively by military personnel not subject to deployment...

2011-07-01

356

32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accordance with the President's Military Order, the Secretary of Defense...time appointing one or more military commissions to try individuals...subject to the President's Military Order and appointing any other personnel necessary to facilitate...

2010-07-01

357

32 CFR 538.4 - Convertibility of military payment certificates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Convertibility of military payment certificates...For authorized personnel. Authorized personnel having in their possession military payment certificates...areas to convert military payment certificates for authorized personnel returning...

2011-07-01

358

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2011-07-01

359

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2013-07-01

360

[The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital", Russian Ministry of Defence--90 years].  

PubMed

The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital" of the Ministry of Defense undertakes a significant part of the activities of the entire military medical expertise in the Armed Forces. The commission covers the territory of the Central and Volga Federal Districs (19 subordinate entities of the Russian Federation). Currently, the committee consists of three functional departments: recruitment examination and acquisition of military schools, separation of military and military service examination, and examination of the medical department, flight and selection of specialists. A significant component in the military-medical commission is inspection of flight and flight-lift Air Force, for which the commission has a staff department of medical-flight examination, in which medical examination of pilots is carried out (annually--about 500 people). PMID:22558856

Andronenkov, I A; Rybakov, O A; Makhson, I P

2012-02-01

361

Cultured tonsillar lymphocytes excrete [3H]thymidine labeled DNA and revert to resting state.  

PubMed

Large tonsillar lymphocytes labeled with [3H]thymidine reverted to small lymphocytes with concomitant loss of [3H]DNA upon culturing. The decrease of labeled DNA content and size of large lymphocytes was demonstrated by flow cytometry and cell sorting. These observations suggest that stimulated lymphocytes may revert from their proliferative phase to resting phase by shedding 'extra'DNA under cell culture conditions. This released DNA is not due to cell damage and can be hybridized to chromosomal DNA. PMID:6517940

Sasvari-Szekely, M; Staub, M; Taljanidisz, J; Szabo, G; Takacs, J; Antoni, F

1984-12-28

362

32 CFR 9.9 - Protection of State secrets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM 9.9 Protection of State secrets. Nothing in this part shall be construed to authorize disclosure of state...

2010-07-01

363

Solid-state cultures of Fusarium oxysporum transform aromatic components of olive-mill dry residue and reduce its phytotoxicity.  

PubMed

The present study mainly investigated the ability of solid-state cultures of the non-pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum strain BAFC 738 to transform aromatic components to reduce the phytotoxicity in olive-mill dry residue (DOR), the waste from the two-phase manufacturing process. Lignin, hemicellulose, fats and water-soluble extractives contents of DOR colonized by the fungus for 20 weeks were reduced by 16%, 25%, 71% and 13%, respectively, while the cellulose content increased by 25%. In addition, the ethyl acetate-extractable phenolic fraction of the waste was reduced by 65%. However, mass-balance ultra-filtration and size-exclusion chromatography experiments suggested that the apparent removal of that fraction, mainly including 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethyl alcohol and 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl alcohol, was due to polymerization. Mn-peroxidase and Mn-independent peroxidase activities were found in F. oxysporum solid-state cultures, while laccase and aryl alcohol oxidase activities were not detected. Tests performed with seedlings of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum L.), soybean (Glycine maximum Merr.), and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) grown on soils containing 6% (w/w) of bioconverted DOR (kg soil)(-1) showed that the waste's phytotoxicity was removed by 20 weeks-old fungal cultures. By contrast, the same material exhibited a high residual toxicity towards lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). PMID:17207620

Sampedro, Inmaculada; D'Annibale, Alessandro; Ocampo, Juan A; Stazi, Silvia R; Garca-Romera, Inmaculada

2007-12-01

364

Do black-white racial disparities in breastfeeding persist in the military community?  

PubMed

We conduct a comparative analysis of breastfeeding behavior between military and civilian-affiliated mothers. Our focus is on African American mothers among whom breastfeeding rates are lowest. The military context may mitigate conditions associated with low breastfeeding prevalence by (a) providing stable employment and educational opportunities to populations who face an otherwise poor labor market and (b) providing universal healthcare that includes breastfeeding consultation. Using pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system (PRAMS) data for which we received special permission from each state to flag military affiliation, we analyze civilians and military affiliate in breastfeeding initiation using logistic regression and breastfeeding duration using Cox proportional hazard analysis. We find that breastfeeding is more prevalent among all women in the military setting and that the black-white gap in breastfeeding duration common among civilians is significantly reduced among military affiliates. Breastfeeding is a crucial component of maternal and child health and eliminating racial disparities in its prevalence is a public health priority. This study is the first to identify the military as an important institutional context that deserves closer examination to glean potential policy implications for civilian society. PMID:24894729

Lundquist, Jennifer; Xu, Zhun; Barfield, Wanda; Elo, Irma

2015-02-01

365

Explorations of National Culture and Word-of-Mouth Referral Behavior in the Purchase of Industrial Services in the United States and Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the authors examine how national culture affects referral behavior for industrial services such as ad- vertising, banking, and accounting. The authors collected data using interviews with managers of small- and medi- um-sized companies in the United States and Japan. The results show that national culture has a strong effect on the number of referral sources consulted and

R. Bruce Mone; Mary C. Gill; John L. Graham

366

The Representation of Other Cultures in Award-Winning Picture Books from the United States, Australia, and Great Britain (1960-2009)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the representation of other cultures in award-winning picture books from the United States, Australia, and Great Britain between 1960 and 2009. Not only was the cultural content of children's literature over the past fifty years investigated, but the protocol created to evaluate the books was a newly

Hall, Virginia

2011-01-01

367

An Organizational Culture Study of Missouri State University Faculty/Staff in Relation to the University's Public Affair Mission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to address a problem of practice of the public affairs mission through the perceptions of faculty and staff members at Missouri State University of the University's organizational culture. The design included a phenomenological study with a set of organizational culture procedural questions related to the

Weaver, Marissa LeClaire

2012-01-01

368

Changing Ecological and Cultural States and Preferences of Nature Conservation Policy: The Case of Nature Values Trade in South-Western Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present a rural Finnish case of nature conservation called the nature values trade (NVT) as an example of the process of changing ecological and cultural states and preferences of environmental policy. We emphasise the importance of local ecological and cultural circumstances for the formulation of environmental policy. The study shows how

Paloniemi, Riikka; Vilja, Varho

2009-01-01

369

33 CFR 165.1198 - Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA. 165.1198 Section...District 165.1198 Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun...

2013-07-01

370

33 CFR 165.1198 - Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

...2014-07-01 false Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA. 165.1198 Section...District 165.1198 Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun...

2014-07-01

371

War Upon the Map: The Politics of Military User Innovation  

E-print Network

While military personnel are often involved in the design of information technology, the literature on military innovation generally assumes defense contractors are the primary producers. Furthermore, general organizational ...

Lindsay, Jon R.

2006-07-18

372

Culturally Variable Preferences for Robot Design and Use in South Korea, Turkey, and the United States  

E-print Network

Culturally Variable Preferences for Robot Design and Use in South Korea, Turkey, and the United@indiana.edu ABSTRACT Based on the results of an online survey conducted with participants in South Korea (N=73), Turkey are "priceless friends" [10], and South Korea, which is implementing service robots as a part of its national

Sabanovic, Selma

373

Teachers' Workplace Learning within Informal Contexts of School Cultures in the United States and Lithuania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore informal contexts of teachers' workplace professional learning and inform educational researchers, teacher educators, administrators and teachers about ways in which teachers learn to improve their practice. By questioning how teachers learn on-the-job to be better teachers and how school cultures

Jurasaite-Harbison, Elena

2009-01-01

374

Fortress State, Cultural Continuities and Economic Change: Higher Education in Mainland China and Taiwan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the role of higher education in China and Taiwan as an agent of both political socialization and economic modernization in the context of economic and social transformations, 1949-95. Examines how cultural traditions, a national belief system, nation building, and foreign relations help maintain a 200-year-old tension between

Law, Wing-Wah

1996-01-01

375

A Cross-cultural Investigation of Leadership in the United States and Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports the administration of Kouzes and Posner's (1995) Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) to 28 graduate students in educational administration at a university in the Southwest of the USA and 28 graduate students at a university in Mexico. A rationale for the importance of cross-cultural study in educational administration is presented. The results of this study indicate that the

Charles Slater; Mike Boone; Larry Price; Dyanna Martinez; Isaias Alvarez; Carlos Topete; Elia Olea

2002-01-01

376

Methodological issues in cross-cultural marketing research : A state-of-the-art review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Notes that methodological problems are hampering the growth of cross-cultural marketing research and presents a review of methodological issues to address these problems. Organizes these issues around a six-step framework which includes elements such as problem definition, the development of an approach and research design formulation. Notes that the marketing research problem can be defined by comparing the phenomenon or

Naresh K. Malhotra; James Agarwal; Mark Peterson

1996-01-01

377

Cultural Shock  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Demos organization in London is a think-tank that produces compelling reports on everything from public space to government spending. This report from October 2010 is by Samuel Jones, and he explores the relationship between the British government and culture and sport. His basic question is: "Why should the state get involved in culture, and if it should, how?" The 154-page report is divided into sections such as "Society and the cultural realm", "Taking the cultural pulse of a nation", and "Evidence of Potential". It's an interesting read, and the paper argues that "cultural policy must focus on the equitable distribution of individuals' cultural capabilities, indicating that this will require thinking anew about what form the structures take, and how they are run."

Jones, Samuel

378

Military Personnel Overseas "Weblog" Their Experiences Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few years, Weblogs have become quite popular, with thousands of individuals, organizations, and other groups forming their own sites devoted to this form of online expression. For those unfamiliar with this growing phenomenon, a Weblog is quite literally a "log" of the Web, where the author links to other Web pages he or she finds interesting, complete with running narration and brief descriptions. (Note to readers: The Scout Report has its own Weblog located at http://scout.wisc.edu/weblog/ ) With the war in Iraq, many United States military personnel have created their own Weblogs, often recounting personal stories, daily events, and tributes to fallen colleagues. The United States military has adopted an open policy towards this practice, though some commentators have expressed concern that certain sensitive material might be disseminated through these reports. Despite these concerns, "on-the-spot" broadcasts have been a hallmark of war-time reporting since the days of Ernie Pyle, and are likely to continue unabated.The first link takes visitors to a recent news article from the Washington Post about the growing number of war-related Weblogs. The second link is to a news article from the online technology news service, ZD Net UK, about the wide variety of Weblogs that have emerged as of late. The third link leads to one of the most popular soldier produced Weblogs, created by "L.T. Smash," the nickname of a US Navy reservist who arrived in the Gulf region last December. The fourth link is to another soldier's Weblog, a US Army reservist who goes by the name "Will." The fifth link is to a Forbes.com feature that ranks a number of war Weblogs on presentation, quality, relevance, and reputation. The sixth link is to an editorial about war Weblogs by Tim Cavanaugh, writing for the Online Journalism Review, a Web-based journal produced at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Southern California. The last link leads visitors to a collection of columns written by the legendary Ernie Pyle, the Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and World War II correspondent.

Grinnell, Max

379

[The military role in a flu pandemic].  

PubMed

Pandemic influenza is a major challenge to emergency preparedness agencies and health systems throughout the world. It requires preparation for a situation of widespread morbidity due to flu and its complications which will lead to a huge burden on the health system in the community and in hospitals, and work absenteeism, also among health care personnel. This may require major involvement of the army in both preparedness and measures to be taken to tackle such an event. This article reviews the different roles armies could take in such a crisis, and presents the Israeli test case. Defense systems are characterized by a number of attributes that may be major advantages during pandemic influenza: crisis management capacities, ability to deal with varied tasks in sub-optimal conditions, logistic resources (fuel, food and water), widespread deployment in the country and sometimes in the world, and the ability to activate people in risky situations, even against their will. The army roles during pandemic outbreaks could include: taking national and regional command of the event, assigning workforce for essential civilian missions, use of logistic and military resources, maintaining public order and implementing public health measures such as isolation and quarantine. In addition, the army must continue its primary role of maintaining the security and guarding the borders of the state, especially in times of global geopolitical changes due to pandemic. Since March 2009, the influenza A/H1N1 2009 virus spread throughout the world, leading the WHO to declare a state of pandemic influenza. According to Israeli preparedness plans, the management of the event was supposed to pass to the defense system. However, due to the moderate severity of the illness, it was decided to leave the management of the event to the health system. In view of the necessity of maintaining military combat capabilities, and the possibility of outbreaks in combat units, which actually occurred, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) policy for the pandemic was stricter than the policy of the Ministry of Health. Defense systems in Israel and the world should prepare, the sooner the better, for the possibility of a worse pandemic, in which the army may take a major role, especially since regular life in the country, in such a case, would be disturbed. PMID:20422833

Molina Hazan, Vered; Balicer, Ran D; Groto, Itamar; Zarka, Salman; Ankol, Omer E; Bar-Zeev, Yael; Levine, Hagai; Ash, Nachman

2010-01-01

380

Military consensus behind Soviet arms control proposals  

SciTech Connect

For nearly two years General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev has tried to entice the West with a spectacular array of arms control proposals and initiatives. On issues such as on-site inspections and European missile reductions, he has made such significant concessions over previous Soviet positions that questions have been raised, and not satisfactorily answered, about how much support Gorbachev's diplomacy enjoys among the Soviet military. For example, have Gorbachev's proposals been a bold personal gamble to achieve agreement without the prior approval of the Soviet military bureaucracy. Or does his arms control diplomacy represent a broad consensus among the military leadership and a realignment of Soviet military doctrine and grand strategy. A careful examination of recent Soviet military thought shows that such a consensus exists. A broad and stable coalition of key military leaders supports the General Secretary's policies. Moreover, recent Soviet concessions are not, as commonly argued, a stopgap ploy to halt the US Strategic Defense Initiative or Star Wars. Rather, the military's support for Gorbachev's arms-control diplomacy is based on some serious strategic analysis and stems from broad, fundamental, and enduring changes in Soviet national security policy.

Weickhardt, G.C.

1987-09-01

381

Forging a path to a post-nuclear US military  

SciTech Connect

For 50 years, nuclear weapons have been central to U.S. military strategy - an indispensable element in deterring and retaliating against an attack on U.S. territory. Now, six years after the end of the Cold War, it is time to question that centrality. In the years ahead, the utility of the U.S. nuclear arsenal will likely be eclipsed by the capabilities of a host of emerging conventional and electronic weapons; weapons that are highly precise and lethal but do not produce the horrific destruction of a nuclear bomb. This paper presents a debate about the degree to which nuclear weapons can be displaced in U.S. military strategy. I believe that the potential is great. Indeed, given the power and versatility of our emerging capabilities, the United States should consider substantially reducing its reliance on nuclear forces, unilaterally if necessary. This paper discusses the key issues for doing this.

Krepinevich, A.F. Jr. [Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-11-01

382

Improving MILSATCOM (Military Satellite Communication) acquisition outcomes: Lease versus buy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was requested by the Director of Space Systems and Command, Control, and Communications, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff (Research, Development, and Acquisition), Headquarters United States Air Force, to assist in improving the outcomes of military satellite communication (MILSATCOM) programs. In view of rapidly rising costs of military space systems, leasing has been suggested as one way of controlling these costs. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to identify and analyze the central considerations relevant to determining whether to lease or by MILSATCOM services. The results of this report should be of interest to members of MILSATCOM acquisition community and others concerned with making lease versus buy decisions in the public sector. The work was conducted under the MILSATCOM Acquisition Policy project of the Project Air Force Resource Management Program.

Dinneen, P. M.; Quinn, T. H.

1985-01-01

383

Impact of gender on reactions to military sexual assault and harassment.  

PubMed

Research has shown that experiences ofmilitary sexual assault and harassment can have a negative impact on veterans' health and functioning, even years or decades later, thus clearly identifying this as an important area of concern for social workers. In addition to understanding the scope and general impact of military sexual assault and harassment, social workers also must thoroughly understand how different cultural factors may intersect with veterans' experiences. To this end, this article reviews the current knowledge base on how veterans' life experiences related to gender can affect their experience of and recovery from military sexual assault and harassment, highlights common gender-specific issues, and discusses implications for practice. PMID:24693601

Bell, Margret E; Turchik, Jessica A; Karpenko, Julie A

2014-02-01

384

The Academic Study of Religion in Four State Universities in Michigan: Culture, Curriculum and Complexities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the development of religion curricula at four state universities in Michigan: Grand Valley State University, Western Michigan University, Michigan State University and the University of Michigan. It analyzes the historical development of these curricula, illustrating that each institution has a unique religion curriculum

Drewel, Christine L.

2012-01-01

385

A Study of the Life and Culture of Young Korean Students Studying in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of young Korean students studying abroad--many moving to English-speaking countries--has increased. This article describes the lives of young Korean students studying in the United States. For data collection, unstructured interviews were conducted with young Korean students studying in the Northwestern states of the United States.

Lee, Doo Hyoo

2010-01-01

386

Designating Earth's Moon as a United Nations World Heritage Site - Permanently Protected from Commercial or Military Uses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes that Earth's Moon, in its entirety, be designated a United Nations World Heritage Site (WHS), permanently protected from any and all commercial or military utilization and reserved exclusively for scientific and aesthetic purposes. The paper discusses: 1) the extraordinary importance of the Moon for science, culture, and religion - past, present and future; 2) the history of proposals to exploit the Moon for commercial and military purposes and the shortcomings of this colonial, exploitation paradigm; and 3) the necessity, policy mechanisms, and political dynamics of designating the Moon as a World Heritage Site, permanently protected from commercial and/or military uses. The first part of the paper discusses the extraordinary importance of the Moon as it exists today - as a scientific laboratory, a source of beauty and inspiration throughout human evolution, a source for artistic expression, and as an object that is considered sacred by many cultures. Next, the paper traces the history of specific proposals for the exploitation of the Moon for commercial and/or military purposes - including plans by the U.S. Air Force in 1959 to detonate a nuclear explosion on the Moon, proposals to strip-mine the lunar regolith for helium-3 and rocket-fuel hydrogen; construction of solar power plants to transmit energy to Earth, and proposals to use the lunar surface as a billboard upon which to project commercial advertisements visible from Earth. The profound ethical, legal, and scientific shortcomings of this exploitation paradigm are described as an emerging Extraterrestrial Manifest Destiny that we have a collective obligation to challenge and constrain. The paper proposes that space exploration be infused with an ethical commitment to compassion, reverence, conservation, and non-interference to abiotic and biotic systems alike; as opposed to the expansion and extraterrestrial imposition of the colonization, exploitation, domination, and despoliation paradigm that has characterized 19th and 20th century western civilization on Earth. The World Heritage process, and how Earth's Moon clearly satisfies necessary criteria, is described, as are the political challenges this proposal presents, including the 'national sovereignty' issue. The 1972 United Nations World Heritage Convention (signed by 167 countries), provides for the protection of cultural and natural properties deemed to be of "outstanding universal value", including value "from the point of view of science, conservation, or natural beauty" and places them under "a collective responsibility." The Moon clearly meets several criteria for WHS designation, as follow: a. "be outstanding examples representing major stages of Earth's history...significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features"; b. "contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance"; and c. the Moon qualifies within the Convention as an "associative cultural landscape" which designates areas "by virtue of their powerful religious, artistic or cultural associations of the natural element." To facilitate WHS site designation for the Moon, it is proposed that the 1979 "Moon Treaty" (Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, entered into force 7/11/84) be amended and broadly ratified internationally. Specifically, Article 11 - which presently provides for 'the establishment of an international regime to govern the exploitation of the natural resources of the moon, encourage the development of the natural resources of the moon, the management and expansion of opportunities in the use of those resources' - should be amended to provide a clear and unequivocal declaration of the extraordinary, irreplaceable cultural and natural value of the Moon, and designation of the Moon in its entirety as an inviolate World Heritage Site reserved exclusively for scient

Steiner, R. G.

2002-01-01

387

Mental health disparities in the older Afro-Caribbean population living in the United States: cultural and practice perspectives for mental health professionals.  

PubMed

Cultural characteristics play an important role in the lives of many older Afro-Caribbean as they continue to migrate, acculturate, and assimilate in the United States. Many among this unique cultural subgroup will develop mental illness; however, despite the availability of effective treatment, seeking appropriate care within the formal mental health system continues to be a challenge for this group as a consequence of their cultural heritage. This review describes how these cultural determinants often lead to mental health disparities among older Afro-Caribbean living in the United States. Suggestions are also included for how mental health nurses and other professionals can incorporate research and practice into the caring model of cultural humility as they continue to come in contact with this population in various clinical settings. PMID:22897215

Ellis, Horace A

2012-09-01

388

The Soviet Far East military buildup: Nuclear dilemmas and Asian security  

SciTech Connect

The growing nuclearization of the Soviet military presence in the Far East has been of increasing concern to the United States and its Asian-Pacific allies. This volume brings together the diverse perspectives of multinational groups of defense and foreign policy experts associated with the Security Conference on Asia and the Pacific. Topics considered include the problems of coalition defense; strategic issues for the Soviet Union; motives and prospects; thinking about the nuclear balance; Soviet military deployments: Implications for China's security; the Soviet military buildup in Japan; theater nuclear weapons and Japan's defense policy; the Soviet military buildup in the Far East and South Korea; ANZAC perspectives on Soviet power in the Pacific; prospects for a new Korean War; Indochina, 1982-1985; links between Asian and European security; The European theater nuclear force; and European and Japanese Experiences.

Solomon, R.H.; Kosaka, M.

1986-01-01

389

Comparison of occupational hearing losses among military engineers and their civilian counterparts  

SciTech Connect

A previous study examined group hearing loss of 209 U.S.Army engineers by comparing current with reference audiograms. The sample was categorized by military occupation specialty, age, and time on job. The present study reports comparable data for 187 civilian engineers on the same Army post exposed to essentially the same noise. These had less hearing loss than their military counterparts. Some reasons are suggested, such as attrition of the civilian workforce because of hearing problems, and a likely greater exposure of the military engineers to noises not job-related. Age was less important than time on the job. Both groups, however, exhibited significantly lower hearing levels than the industrial population of Glorig et al at the 1954 Wisconsin State Fair, possibly because both military and civilian personnel at this Army post had been for some years in an aggressive hearing conservation program.

Fletcher, J.L.; Chandler, D.W.

1983-10-01

390

The history of military cranioplasty.  

PubMed

There is evidence that the neurosurgical procedure of cranioplasty is as ancient as its better-known counterpart, trephination. With origins in pre-Incan Peru, cranioplasty remains an important reconstructive procedure for modern craniofacial surgery teams to master. Solutions to the often challenging problem of repairing skull defects continue to evolve to improve patient outcomes. Throughout recorded history, advances in cranioplasty have paralleled major military conflicts due to survivorship after trephination or decompressive craniectomy. Primitive skull coverings used in Peru were later replaced during the Middle Ages by grafts obtained in animals and humans. Improved survivorship secondary to advances in anesthesia and battlefield medicine during the Crimean War and the American Civil War allowed the use of tantalum and acrylic cranioplasty to evolve during World Wars I and II. In the modern era of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, greater survivorship after cranial injury due to improvements in protective armor, medical evacuation, and early "far-forward" neurosurgical treatment have occurred. Consequently, the last decade has seen great advancement in cranial defect reconstruction, including custom-fabricated alloplast implants and the emergence of regenerative cranial treatments such as distraction osteogenesis, protected bone regeneration, and free tissue transfers. Comprehensive rehabilitation after neurotrauma has emerged as the new standard of care. PMID:24684330

Bonfield, Christopher M; Kumar, Anand R; Gerszten, Peter C

2014-04-01

391

Information friction : information technology and military performance  

E-print Network

Militaries have long been eager to adopt the latest technology (IT) in a quest to improve knowledge of and control over the battlefield. At the same time, uncertainty and confusion have remained prominent in actual experience ...

Lindsay, Jon Randall

2011-01-01

392

FY12 MILITARY PROGRAMS CUSTOMER SATISFACTION  

E-print Network

FY12 MILITARY PROGRAMS CUSTOMER SATISFACTION SURVEY March 2013 #12;This report prepared by: Linda.1 Customer Demographics ------------------------------------------ 5 2.2 General Satisfaction Items ------------------------------------- 16 2.3 Specific Services Items ---------------------------------------- 17 2.4 Customer Comments

US Army Corps of Engineers

393

Military and aerospace applications of FCC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Military and NASA programs are discussed in which FCC were used. Included are Saturn 4, Pegasus satellites solar, array for Skylab orbital workshop, Poseidon missiles, MK 48 torpedo fire control, and Lunar Surveyor.

Swanson, C.

1972-01-01

394

5 CFR 831.301 - Military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for survivors of employees or Members who die in service) civilian service; ...for survivors of employees or Members who die in service) civilian service; (2...the service of employees or Members who die in service (1) Military service...

2010-01-01

395

China's military reforms: International and domestic implications  

SciTech Connect

China's reform policies during the past decade have resulted in the reorganization of economic and political structures and have led to a dramatic reorientation of the nation's foreign policy. These reforms have especially influenced China's military establishment, which is now in a period of major transition. What new paradigm is replacing the old Maoist model of People's War, however, is not clear. This book examines what China's military modernization means for the global and regional balance of power and for China's internal political-economic system. Specific chapters focus on changes in Chinese strategy and doctrine, developments in defense industries and military procurement, China's acquisition of foreign technology, its military education system, and its nuclear weapons program.

Lovejoy, C.D. Jr.; Watson, B.W.

1986-01-01

396

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Courses of instruction. Courses include academic education and military training. In accomplishing its mission...discipline, and motivation provided by a sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

2013-07-01

397

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Courses of instruction. Courses include academic education and military training. In accomplishing its mission...discipline, and motivation provided by a sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

2011-07-01

398

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Courses of instruction. Courses include academic education and military training. In accomplishing its mission...discipline, and motivation provided by a sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

2012-07-01

399

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

...Courses of instruction. Courses include academic education and military training. In accomplishing its mission...discipline, and motivation provided by a sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

2014-07-01

400

Transformation of America's Military and Asymmetric War  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the postCold War and post9\\/11 era, the need for broadening the focus of military transformation to include asymmetric warfare capabilities has been given lip service. The U.S. military did not feel the necessity to widen the scope, if not to change the focus, of transformation to include asymmetric warfare until 2003 and 2004. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Iraqi

Ehsan Ahrari

2010-01-01

401

The Culture of Children's Reading Education in Korea and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading specialists, as well as members of the general public, have long sought to understand why so many children in the United States read below grade level and why so many of its adult citizens are illiterate. While problems associated with reading are not unique to the United States, it is noteworthy that some nations do not experience major

Lee, Lea

2004-01-01

402

SURVIVAL, INDUCTION AND RESUSCITATION OF Vibrio cholerae FROM THE VIABLE BUT NON-CULTURABLE STATE IN THE SOUTHERN CARIBBEAN SEA  

PubMed Central

The causative agent of cholera, Vibrio cholerae, can enter into a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state in response to unfavorable conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in situ survival of V. cholerae in an aquatic environment of the Southern Caribbean Sea, and its induction and resuscitation from the VBNC state. V. cholerae non-O1, non-O139 was inoculated into diffusion chambers placed at the Cuare Wildlife Refuge, Venezuela, and monitored for plate, total and viable cells counts. At 119 days of exposure to the environment, the colony count was < 10 CFU/mL and a portion of the bacterial population entered the VBNC state. Additionally, the viability decreased two orders of magnitude and morphological changes occurred from rod to coccoid cells. Among the aquatic environmental variables, the salinity had negative correlation with the colony counts in the dry season. Resuscitation studies showed significant recovery of cell cultivability with spent media addition (p < 0.05). These results suggest that V. cholerae can persist in the VBNC state in this Caribbean environment and revert to a cultivable form under favorable conditions. The VBNC state might represent a critical step in cholera transmission in susceptible areas. PMID:25651322

Fernndez-Delgado, Milagro; Garca-Amado, Mara Alexandra; Contreras, Monica; Incani, Renzo Nino; Chirinos, Humberto; Rojas, Hctor; Surez, Paula

2015-01-01

403

SURVIVAL, INDUCTION AND RESUSCITATION OF Vibrio cholerae FROM THE VIABLE BUT NON-CULTURABLE STATE IN THE SOUTHERN CARIBBEAN SEA.  

PubMed

The causative agent of cholera, Vibrio cholerae, can enter into a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state in response to unfavorable conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in situ survival of V. cholerae in an aquatic environment of the Southern Caribbean Sea, and its induction and resuscitation from the VBNC state. V. cholerae non-O1, non-O139 was inoculated into diffusion chambers placed at the Cuare Wildlife Refuge, Venezuela, and monitored for plate, total and viable cells counts. At 119 days of exposure to the environment, the colony count was < 10 CFU/mL and a portion of the bacterial population entered the VBNC state. Additionally, the viability decreased two orders of magnitude and morphological changes occurred from rod to coccoid cells. Among the aquatic environmental variables, the salinity had negative correlation with the colony counts in the dry season. Resuscitation studies showed significant recovery of cell cultivability with spent media addition (p < 0.05). These results suggest that V. cholerae can persist in the VBNC state in this Caribbean environment and revert to a cultivable form under favorable conditions. The VBNC state might represent a critical step in cholera transmission in susceptible areas. PMID:25651322

Fernndez-Delgado, Milagro; Garca-Amado, Mara Alexandra; Contreras, Monica; Incani, Renzo Nino; Chirinos, Humberto; Rojas, Hctor; Surez, Paula

2015-02-01

404

Military deployment toxicology: a program manager's perspective.  

PubMed

The Persian Gulf War drew attention to the potential hazards of chemicals that personnel may encounter during military operations and deployments overseas. During the War, the oil well fires of Kuwait highlighted the military threat of industrial chemicals in the area of operations. Following the War, the occurrence of Gulf War Illnesses brought home concerns and suspicions regarding "low level" and "mixed" exposures to chemicals. The public's concern and attention resulted in numerous institutional responses to the real and perceived problems of health risks during military deployments. These institutional responses ranged in scope from a Presidential Review Directive to the initiative known as the Deployment Toxicology Research, Development, Testing and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program. Most institutions, however, seem to agree that additional research is needed to assess the health risks from chemical exposures during military deployments. Establishing and managing an effective RDT&E program in risk assessment for deployed forces is a challenging enterprise. The Deployment Toxicology RDT&E Program was conceived utilizing the military's acquisition framework, an effective methodology with a proven record of fielding of new technologies. Based on a series of structured meetings with military representatives that would utilize new risk assessment tools, a hierarchical set of plans was developed to identify and prioritize end products. The challenge ahead for the Deployment Toxicology RDT&E Program is to execute these plans, provide the necessary oversight, and transition the results into successful product development. PMID:10711391

Knechtges, P L

2000-02-01

405

[Cancer incidence in the military: an update].  

PubMed

An abnormally elevated rate of Hodgkin's lymphoma was reported in 2001 among Italian soldiers in Bosnia and Kosovo since 1995: a surveillance system was therefore set up for the military community. Preliminary results for a longer period (1996-2007) have shown incidence rates lower than expected for all malignancies. No significant difference was registered between observed and expected cases of Hodkin's lymphoma: the excess of reported cases for this malignancy in 2001-2002 was probably due to a peak occurred in 2000 among the whole military; it is therefore unrelated to deployment in the Balkans, and probably represents a chance event. Moreover, a significant excess of thyroid cancer was reported among the whole military.The estimated number of incident cases, including those missed by the surveillance system, was not significantly higher than expected for all cancers; conversely, the estimated incidence rate of thyroid cancer was significantly increased; this excess, however, is probably due to a selection bias.These data concerning cancer surveillance in the Italian military are consistent with lacking evidence of an increased cancer incidence among troops of other countries deployed in the areas of Iraq, Bosnia, and Kosovo, where armour penetrating depleted uranium shells have been used. However, a comprehensive assessment of cancer morbidity in the military requires a revision of the privacy regulations, in order to link individual records of military personnel and data bases of the National Health Service. PMID:22166781

Peragallo, Mario Stefano; Urbano, Francesco; Sarnicola, Giuseppe; Lista, Florigio; Vecchione, Alfredo

2011-01-01

406

A call to action: increasing health providers in underrepresented populations through the military.  

PubMed

The state of the nation's health and healthcare disparities looms large and is currently at crisis proportions, so much so, that these issues have been advanced as a national priority. These disparities are known to disproportionately afflict minorities and disadvantaged groups who become predisposed to certain risks. However, in light of the ever increasing racial and ethnic diversity of the American population, the visible absence of underrepresented minorities (URMs) in the health professions needed to meet these growing needs continues to fuel these crises. The purpose of this paper is thus fourfold. First, to examine the reason (s) for the persistent shortage of underrepresented minorities in the health professions and the associated barriers they encounter in pursuing opportunities in these professions. Second, to determine the degree to which the shortage of URMs contributes to the current state of health and healthcare disparities among certain groups. Third, to identify nontraditional mechanisms like the military as a medium to help increase the number of URMs in the health professions pipeline. Finally, the authors discuss the role of cultural competence as an essential skill set in rendering quality healthcare to minority patients; the strengths and limitations of their findings; and the implications of these findings for future research. PMID:23293808

Harris, G L A; Lewis, Evelyn L; Calloway, Margaret

2012-01-01

407

Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar.  

PubMed

Mid-frequency military (1-10 kHz) sonars have been associated with lethal mass strandings of deep-diving toothed whales, but the effects on endangered baleen whale species are virtually unknown. Here, we used controlled exposure experiments with simulated military sonar and other mid-frequency sounds to measure behavioural responses of tagged blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) in feeding areas within the Southern California Bight. Despite using source levels orders of magnitude below some operational military systems, our results demonstrate that mid-frequency sound can significantly affect blue whale behaviour, especially during deep feeding modes. When a response occurred, behavioural changes varied widely from cessation of deep feeding to increased swimming speed and directed travel away from the sound source. The variability of these behavioural responses was largely influenced by a complex interaction of behavioural state, the type of mid-frequency sound and received sound level. Sonar-induced disruption of feeding and displacement from high-quality prey patches could have significant and previously undocumented impacts on baleen whale foraging ecology, individual fitness and population health. PMID:23825206

Goldbogen, Jeremy A; Southall, Brandon L; DeRuiter, Stacy L; Calambokidis, John; Friedlaender, Ari S; Hazen, Elliott L; Falcone, Erin A; Schorr, Gregory S; Douglas, Annie; Moretti, David J; Kyburg, Chris; McKenna, Megan F; Tyack, Peter L

2013-08-22

408

Referral practice of military corpsmen regarding dento-alveolar trauma.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate the Israeli military corpsmens' practice of referral to professional treatment regarding traumatic dental injuries. The study consisted of 250 corpsmen during their military service. Questionnaire and slide show were used to present clinical photos with short history descriptions of dento-alveolar traumatic injuries. Participants were asked to indicate the preferred referral destination for each case to state the urgency of referral to the destination and to note their regional emergency department with an oral and maxillofacial surgery consultant and the nearest 24-h emergency dental clinic. Corpsmen immediately evacuated the wounded with full-thickness lip laceration (59%), tooth avulsion (79%), alveolar fracture (88%) and mandibular fracture (100%). Most corpsmen referred crown fracture to a dental clinic and alveolar- or mandibular-bone fracture to the emergency department. Tooth avulsion cases were equally distributed between the emergency department and dental clinic and full-thickness lip laceration between the emergency department and general medical office. Familiarity with the nearest 24-h emergency dental clinic was found in 38% and with the regional emergency department with an oral and maxillofacial surgery consultant in 57%. The knowledge of this group of military corpsmen regarding referral practices was encouraging. However, further continuing education with regards to the regionally available emergency services is needed. Special emphasis should be given to provide primary caregivers with the relevant education to improve their knowledge and ability of dealing dental trauma. PMID:18489487

Zadik, Yehuda; Levin, Liran

2008-06-01

409

Heavy vehicle automation: transitioning from civilian to military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe potential military robotics applications for the heavy vehicle automation and driver assistance research that has been conducted on at the California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH). Specifically, we summarize the state of vehicle automation research at PATH by beginning with a short description of automated platoon operations with eight light duty passenger vehicles. Then we focus on automation of a Class 8 Freightliner Model FLD 125 tractor with 45-ft trailer, and lateral driver assist installed in a 10-wheel International snowplow. We also discuss full automation plans for a Kodiak 4000-ton/hour rotary snowblower, two 40-ft New Flyer buses, one 60-ft New Flyer articulated bus, and three Freightliner Century tractor-trailer combinations. We discuss benefits for civilian applications - congestion relief, driver safety, and fuel economy/emissions reductions. We then follow with a discussion of the benefits from potential military spin-ons which include, as dual-use applications, driver safety and fuel economy/emissions. We end by discussing the additional military benefit in the conduct of tactical resupply operations, where vehicles of similar weight class and performance as those experimented by PATH can be used in automated convoys with savings in manpower and survivability in addition to improved mission operations.

Misener, James A.; Shladover, Steven E.; Empey, Dan; Tan, Han-Shue

2001-09-01

410

Sonoran pronghorn habitat use on landscapes disturbed by military activities  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Sonoran pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) population in the United States declined to ???33 animals in January 2003. Low population numbers and unstable recruitment are concerns for biologists managing this subspecies. We examined habitat use by pronghorn from 1999 to 2002 on a portion of the Barry M. Goldwater Range (BMGR) used for military exercises. We overlaid locations of pronghorn (n= 1,203) on 377 1-km2 blocks within the North (NTAC) and South Tactical Ranges (STAC), BMGR; we classified vegetation associations and disturbance status (e.g., airfields, targets, roads) for each block. Locations of pronghorn were distributed in proportion to vegetation associations on NTAC and STAC. Sightings of pronghorns were biased toward disturbed blocks, with 73% of locations of pronghorn occurring in proximity to mock airfields, high-explosive hills (e.g., targets for live high-explosive bombs and rockets), other targets, and roads. Disturbed landscapes on the BMGR may attract Sonoran pronghorn by creating favorable forage. Habitat manipulations simulating the effects of military disturbances on the landscape (e.g., improved forage) may improve remaining Sonoran pronghorn habitat. Antilocapra americana sonoriensis, Barry M. Goldwater Air Force Range, disturbed habitat, habitat availability, habitat use, military activity, Sonoran pronghorn.

Krausman, P.R.; Harris, L.K.; Haas, S.K.; Koenen, K.K.G.; Devers, P.; Bunting, D.; Barb, M.

2005-01-01

411

75 FR 43228 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs; Lifting of Policy of Denial Regarding Activities of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Notice 7093] Bureau of Political-Military Affairs; Lifting of Policy of Denial Regarding Activities of Presidential Airways...SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Department of State is lifting the policy of denial regarding Presidential Airways,...

2010-07-23

412

77 FR 25737 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the collections were donated to the Arizona State Museum. The 30 unassociated funerary objects are 12 ceramic bowls, 8 ceramic jars, 1 ceramic ladle, 3 ceramic pitchers, 5 ceramic scoops, and 1 ceramic sherd. Queen Creek Ruin was a large...

2012-05-01

413

Elucidating the transition between submerged culture and solid-state bakers' yeast fermentations  

SciTech Connect

A semisolid gelatin medium is developed to elucidate, by kinetic analysis, the transition between submerged and solid-state yeast fermentations. Using gelatin, rather than the more usual starch medium to develop the solid state, permits the cells to be separated from the solid medium by use of low temperature melting. Thus, meaningful kinetic data can now be collected. Time trajectories of cell mass, pH, ethanol, acetaldehyde, glycerol, and intracellular free lysine concentrations are established for batch fermentations.

Wei, C.J. (Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN); Tanner, R.D.; Woodward, J.

1981-01-01

414

Social Workers' Observations of the Needs of the Total Military Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers surveyed licensed social workers from 5 Mid-Atlantic states to explore their perspectives on the current state of mental health and service delivery for military service workers, families, and contractors. Social workers identified needs in the following areas: mental health, physical health and wellness, social and environmental,

Frey, Jodi J.; Collins, Kathryn S.; Pastoor, Jennifer; Linde, Linnea

2014-01-01

415

Military Youth and the Deployment Cycle: Emotional Health Consequences and Recommendations for Intervention  

PubMed Central

The United States military force includes over 2.2 million volunteer service members. Three out of five service members who are deployed or are preparing for deployment have spouses and/or children. Stressors associated with the deployment cycle can lead to depression, anxiety, and behavior problems in children, as well as psychological distress in the military spouse. Further, the emotional and behavioral health of family members can affect the psychological functioning of the military service member during the deployment and re-integration periods. Despite widespread acknowledgement of the need for emotional and behavioral health services for youth from military families, many professionals in a position to serve them struggle with how to best respond and select appropriate interventions. The purpose of this paper is to provide an empirically-based and theoretically informed review to guide service provision and the development of evidence based treatments for military youth in particular. This review includes an overview of stressors associated with the deployment cycle, emotional and behavioral health consequences of deployment on youth and their caretaking parent, and existing preventative and treatment services for youth from military families. It concludes with treatment recommendations for older children and adolescents experiencing emotional and behavioral health symptoms associated with the deployment cycle. PMID:21707172

Esposito-Smythers, Christianne; Wolff, Jennifer; Lemmon, Keith M.; Bodzy, Mary; Swenson, Rebecca R.; Spirito, Anthony

2011-01-01

416

Military children from birth to five years.  

PubMed

Because most research on military families has focused on children who are old enough to go to school, we know the least about the youngest and perhaps most vulnerable children in these families. Some of what we do know, however, is worrisome--for example, multiple deployments, which many families have experienced during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, may increase the risk that young children will be maltreated. Where the research on young military children is thin, Joy Osofsky and Lieutenant Colonel Molinda Chartrand extrapolate from theories and research in other contexts--especially attachment theory and research on families who have experienced disasters. They describe the circumstances that are most likely to put young children in military families at risk, and they point to ways that families, communities, the military, and policy makers can help these children overcome such risks and thrive. They also review a number of promising programs to build resilience in young military children. Deployment, Osofsky and Chartrand write, is particularly stressful for the youngest children, who depend on their parents for nearly everything. Not only does deployment separate young children from one of the central figures in their lives, it can also take a psychological toll on the parent who remains at home, potentially weakening the parenting relationship. Thus one fundamental way to help young military children become resilient is to help their parents cope with the stress of deployment. Parents and caregivers themselves, Osofsky and Chartrand write, can be taught ways to support their young children's resilience during deployment, for example, by keeping routines consistent and predictable and by finding innovative ways to help the child connect with the absent parent. The authors conclude by presenting 10 themes, grounded in research and theory, that can guide policies and programs designed to help young military children. PMID:25518692

Osofsky, Joy D; Chartrand, Molinda M

2013-01-01

417

Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military

Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

2009-01-01

418

Shaping the Environmental Attitude of Military Geography Students at the South African Military Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globally there is a growing environmental awareness among all segments of society, but research on the effect of environmental education in shaping the attitude of military students is lacking. Tertiary environmental education to officers of the South African Department of Defence is seated in the Department of Military Geography at the South

Smit, Hennie A. P.

2009-01-01

419

Addressing Needs of Military Families during Deployment: Military Service Providers' Perceptions of Integrating Support Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service providers are increasingly recognizing the need to develop effective methods for delivering supporting services to military families during deployment. Research suggests that military families experience increased levels of stress during the cycle of deployment. Bronfenbrenner (1979) conceptualized the family operating within the context

Hayden, Seth Christian Walter

2011-01-01

420

Teaching and Learning within and across Cultures: Educator Requirements across the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching multicultural education has been a consistent theme in teacher education programs across the United States (Miller, Strosnider, & Dooley, 2000), yet most institutions of higher education have struggled to incorporate standards for implementing this coursework into their certification and/or endorsement programs. Evans, Torrey, and Newton

Morrier, Michael J.; Irving, Miles A.; Dandy, Evelyn; Dmitriyev, Grigory; Ukeje, Ikechukwu C.

2007-01-01

421

78 FR 36242 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: New York State Museum, Albany, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...items listed in this notice meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects. Lineal...the New York State Museum that meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects under...74 glass beads, 1 kaolin ``EB'' smoking pipe, 1 copper tinkling cone, 1...

2013-06-17

422

Parenting in Cross-Cultural Perspective: The United States, France, and Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study of prominent characteristics of parenting in the United States, France, and Japan, 72 mother-infant dyads were examined. The study focused on three prominent interactive domains of visual and vocal exchange between mother and baby (nurturing, social exchange, and didactic stimulation), examining their frequency of occurrence and

Bornstein, Marc H.; And Others

423

Cultural and Linguistic Diversity of the Baltic States in a New Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language questions are increasingly on the agenda in Europe. This paper addresses some problematic aspects of language teaching and learning that have come to the fore in the Baltic states after the European Union enlargement of 2004. First, the paper aims at providing relevant information about language policies in the former USSR and the

Savickien, Ineta; Kaledaite, Violeta

2005-01-01

424

Cross-Cultural Differences in Counseling Attitudes: Japanese Versus the United States Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study compared attitudes about the causes and optimal responses to mental illnesses of college students attending schools in Japan and in the United States. Independent sample t-tests were performed to assess differences between the national groups in their responses to 22 Likert-format items exploring different aspects of a

Hashimoto, Kiyotoshi; Elia, Diane; Chambliss, Catherine

425

Decolorization of reactive dyes by a thermostable laccase produced by Ganoderma lucidum in solid state culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dye decolorizing potential of the white rot fungus Ganoderma lucidum KMK2 was demonstrated for recalcitrant textile dyes. G. lucidum produced laccase as the dominant lignolytic enzyme during solid state fermentation (SSF) of wheat bran (WB), a natural lignocellulosic substrate. Crude enzyme shows excellent decolorization activity to anthraquinone dye Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR) without redox mediator whereas diazo dye Remazol

Kumarasamy Murugesan; In-Hyun Nam; Young-Mo Kim; Yoon-Seok Chang

2007-01-01

426

Before Oglethorpe: Hispanic and Indian Cultures in the Southeast United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a lesson plan for teaching the history of the southeastern United States from the time of the first Spanish explorations to the time of colonization. Includes preparatory activity for students, a shared reading, suggested questions for classroom discussion, and a session utilizing maps. Discusses decimation of the society and debate

Tesser, Carmen Chaves; Hudson, Charles

1991-01-01

427

Reading Lessons in Guinea, France, and the United States: Local Meanings or Global Culture?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is classroom practice becoming more homogeneous around the world, or will teachers continue to work very differently across different countries? This article addresses those questions by comparing first- and second-grade reading lessons in France, Guinea, and the United States. It shows that what reading lessons in each country have in common is

Anderson-Levitt, Kathryn M.

2004-01-01

428

76 FR 73663 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Washington State University, Museum of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...proto-historic period burials along the Lower Snake River region of Washington State. Beginning...mostly burial) sites along the Lower Snake River. In 2003, Dr. Sprague turned the...come from burial sites along the Lower Snake River. In 2003, seven items were...

2011-11-29

429

Polysaccharide production by submerged and solid-state cultures from several medicinal higher Basidiomycetes.  

PubMed

Polysaccharides produced by microorganisms represent an industrially unexploited market. An important number of polysaccharides have been isolated from fungi, especially mushrooms, with many interesting biological functions, such as antitumor, hypoglycemic, and immunostimulating activities. In the search of new sources of fungal polysaccharides, the main goal of this research was to test the ability of several species of basidiomycetes, among them various edible mushrooms, to produce both extracellular polysaccharides (EPSs) and intracellular polysaccharides (IPSs). Among 10 species screened for production of EPSs in submerged cultures with glucose, soy oil, and yeast extract, the best results were obtained with Ganoderma lucidum (0.79 g/L EPS) and Pleurotus ostreatus (0.75 g/L EPS). Agitation strongly improved EPS production in most of the studied strains. Eight of 10 species assayed successfully developed basidiomes during synthetic "bag-log" cultivation on a substrate consisting of oak sawdust and corn bran. This work describes for the first time the environmental factors required for fruiting of 4 species under such conditions: Schizophyllum commune, Ganoderma applanatum, Trametes versicolor, and T. trogii. IPSs were extracted from the carpophores. The IPS content of the carpophores varied from 1.4% (G. applanatum) up to 5.5% and 6% in G. lucidum and Grifola frondosa, respectively. PMID:23510286

Montoya, Sandra; Sanchez, Oscar Julian; Levin, Laura

2013-01-01

430

Erving Goffman's asylums and institutional culture in the mid-twentieth-century United States.  

PubMed

Sociologist Erving Goffman based his seminal work Asylums (1961) on a year of field research at St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, DC. Goffman described the mental hospital as a "total institution," in which regimentation dominated every aspect of daily life and patients were denied even the most basic means of self-expression; rather than promote recovery, such conditions produced the sorts of disordered behavior for which men and women were ostensibly admitted. A closer look at the changes transforming St. Elizabeths around the time of Goffman's research reveals a far richer portrait of institutional culture. Group therapy, psychodrama, art and dance therapy, patient newspapers, and patient self-government-each of which debuted at the hospital in the 1940s and 1950s-provided novel opportunities for men and women to make themselves heard and to take their fate into their own hands. While these initiatives did not reach all of the patients at St. Elizabeths, surviving documentation suggests that those who participated found their involvement rewarding and empowering. Goffman explicitly set out to describe "the social world of the hospital inmate." His failure to appreciate fully the capacities of his subjects, however, appears to have led him to underestimate the importance of these developments. PMID:23656762

Gambino, Matthew

2013-01-01

431

CSUMB: Military base conversion as an opportunity for sustainable design  

SciTech Connect

The conversion of military bases around the country creates an imperative to infuse social, economic, and environmental vitality back into the affected region. Fort Ord in Monterey County, a recent casualty of base closures, is being turned into an opportunity for adaptive reuse as it undergoes the transformation from an army base to a magnet campus of the California State University (CSU) system. The CSU Monterey Bay (CSUMB) campus visionaries included sustainability as a priority in the base conversion. To achieve this goal, the university hired a team of sustainable design consultants. This paper reports on the outcomes of the preliminary design and planning phases.

McDonald, M. [California Polytechnic State Univ., San Luis Obispo, CA (United States); Cooper, P.; Haggard, K. [San Luis Obispo Sustainability Group, CA (United States)

1995-11-01

432

Cross-cultural comparison of two serial sexual murder series in Italy and the United States.  

PubMed

There have been few documented comparisons of serial murder cases committed in the United States with cases occurring internationally. The authors contrasted two unique serial murder series: one in Italy and one in the United States by examining the details of both series, including the M.O., motivation, crime scene interactions, sexual acts performed, and the general backgrounds of both offenders. The comparison revealed a number of similarities. Both offenders specifically targeted elderly women, who were attacked in their residences. The two series involved sexually motivated crimes, although the sexual interactions were different. Both offenders stole objects from their victims after the murders and each kept newspaper accounts of their crimes. In addition, both offenders claimed to have abusive upbringings, including sexual abuse. PMID:20487145

Morton, Robert J; Campobasso, Carlo P; McNamara, James J; Colonna, Massimo; Carabellese, Felice; Grattagliano, Ignazio; Catanesi, Roberto; Lawrence, Jennifer M

2010-07-01

433

ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security  

ScienceCinema

The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

2014-03-13

434

[Haemovigilance and blood safety in overseas military].  

PubMed

The French military blood institute (FMBI) is the only military blood supplier in France. FMBI operates independently and autonomously under the Ministry of Defense's supervision, and accordingly, to the French, European and NATO technical and safety guidelines. FMBI is in charge of the collection, preparation and distribution of blood products to supply transfusion support to armed forces, especially during overseas operations. In overseas military, a primary physician is responsible for haemovigilance in permanent relation with an expert in the FMBI to manage any adverse reaction. Additionally, traceability of delivered or collected blood products during overseas operation represents a priority, allowing an appropriate management of transfusion inquiries and assessment of practices aiming to improve and update procedures and training. Transfusion safety in overseas operation is based on regular and specific training of people concerned by blood supply chain in exceptional situation. PMID:25284434

Sailliol, A; Plang, S; Martinaud, C; Pouget, T; Vedy, S; Clavier, B; Cellarier, V; Roche, C; Civadier, C; Ausset, S

2014-11-01

435

ARPA-E: Improving Military Energy Security  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. military has a vested interest in advancing microgrid technologies that can power forward operating bases. These technologies could not only help the military significantly reduce its energy demand both at home and abroad, but also they could reduce the number of fuel-supply convoys required on the battlefield and the number of troops killed in fuel-supply convoy attacks. This video highlights two ARPA-E projects that have formed strategic partnerships with the military to enable these microgrids at forward operating bases. Georgia Tech is developing an innovative absorption heat pump that utilizes exhaust heat to provide heating and cooling, which could cut the amount of energy used to heat and cool forward operating bases by 50%. Primus Power is developing a low-cost, energy-dense storage system that could store enough energy to operate a base for several days in the event of a disruption.

Willson, Bryan; Mahvi, Allison; Stepien, Tom; Wasco, Mick

2014-02-24

436

World War II Military Situation Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maps have been integral to military conflicts and warfare since time immemorial, and many of these documents are highly prized by collectors and military historians. The American Memory Project at the Library of Congress recently created this fine digital collection of World War II situation maps from the years 1944 and 1945. Beginning with the D-Day Invasion, the maps provide information about troop positions throughout Western Europe, along with important graphical representations of various landmarks within the military landscape. Visitors can browse through the collection by title, creator, subject, place, or date. Perhaps the finest part of the site is an interactive essay that takes users through the Battle of the Bulge with a series of maps and some brief commentaries.

437

78 FR 67401 - Solicitation of Written Comments by the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT MODERNIZATION COMMISSION Solicitation...Comments by the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission AGENCY: Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission....

2013-11-12

438

78 FR 68097 - Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT MODERNIZATION COMMISSION Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission AGENCY: Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission. ACTION:...

2013-11-13

439

78 FR 70072 - Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT MODERNIZATION COMMISSION Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission AGENCY: Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission. ACTION:...

2013-11-22

440

32 CFR 728.83 - Persons in military custody and nonmilitary Federal prisoners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...beneficiaries. (1) Military prisoners. (2) Nonmilitary...war and other detained personnel. (b) Care authorized (1) Military prisoners. (i...no circumstances will military personnel be voluntarily...

2011-07-01

441

Sports Concussion vs. Military Concussion  

MedlinePLUS

... 15-24. Concussions are far more likely in football (47.1 percent of the 1,936 concussions ... prior to return to duty. Likewise, the National Football League instituted rigid new requirements that state, in ...

442

A technique for determining viable military logistics support alternatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A look at today's US military will see them operating much beyond the scope of protecting and defending the United States. These operations now consist of, but are not limited to humanitarian aid, disaster relief, peace keeping, and conflict resolution. This broad spectrum of operational environments has necessitated a transformation of the individual military services to a hybrid force that is attempting to leverage the inherent and emerging capabilities and strengths of all those under the umbrella of the Department of Defense (DOD), this concept has been coined Joint Operations. Supporting Joint Operations requires a new approach to determining a viable military logistics support system. The logistics architecture for these operations has to accommodate scale, time, varied mission objectives, and imperfect information. Compounding the problem is the human in the loop (HITL) decision maker (DM) who is a necessary component for quickly assessing and planning logistics support activities. Past outcomes are not necessarily good indicators of future results, but they can provide a reasonable starting point for planning and prediction of specific needs for future requirements. Adequately forecasting the necessary logistical support structure and commodities needed for any resource intensive environment has progressed well beyond stable demand assumptions to one in which dynamic and nonlinear environments can be captured with some degree of fidelity and accuracy. While these advances are important, a holistic approach that allows exploration of the operational environment or design space does not exist to guide the military logistician in a methodical way to support military forecasting activities. To bridge this capability gap, a method called Adaptive Technique for Logistics Architecture Solutions (ATLAS) has been developed. This method provides a process that facilitates the use of techniques and tools that filter and provide relevant information to the DM. By doing so, a justifiable course of action (COA) can be determined based on a variety of quantitative and qualitative information available. This thesis describes and applies the ATLAS method to a notional military scenario that involves the Navy concept of Seabasing and the Marine Corps concept of Distributed Operations applied to a platoon sized element. The small force is tasked to conduct deterrence and combat operations over a seven day period. This work uses modeling and simulation to incorporate expert opinion and knowledge of military operations, dynamic reasoning methods, and certainty analysis to create a decisions support system (DSS) that can be used to provide the DM an enhanced view of the logistics environment and uses variables that impact specific measures of effectiveness. The results from applying the ATLAS method provide a better understanding and ability for the DM to conduct the logistics planning/execution more efficiently and quickly. This is accomplished by providing relevant data that can be applied to perform dynamic forecasting activities for the platoon and aids in determining the necessary support architecture to fulfill the forecasted need.

Hester, Jesse Stuart

443

Coordinated bird monitoring: Technical recommendations for military lands  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Department of Defense (DoD) is subject to several rules and regulations establishing responsibilities for monitoring migratory birds. The Sikes Act requires all military installations with significant natural resources to prepare and implement Integrated Natural Resources Management Plans (INRMPs). These plans guide the conservation and long-term management of natural resources on military lands in a manner that is compatible with and sustains the military mission. An INRMP also supports compliance with all legal requirements and guides the military in fulfilling its obligation to be a good steward of public land.The management and conservation of migratory birds is addressed in installation INRMPs. The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requires federal agencies to evaluate and disclose the potential environmental impacts of their proposed actions. More recently, DoD signed an MOU (http://www.dodpif.org/downloads/EO13186_MOU-DoD.pdf) for migratory birds, under Executive Order 13186, with the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) in July 2006 and a Migratory Bird Rule (http://www.dodpif.org/downloads/MigBirdFINALRule_FRFeb2007.pdf) was passed by Congress in February 2007. The Migratory Bird Rule addresses the potential impacts of military readiness activities on populations of migratory birds and establishes a process to implement conservation measures if and when a military readiness activity is expected to have a significant adverse impact on a population of migratory bird species (as determined through the NEPA process). The MOU states that for nonmilitary readiness activities, prior to initiating any activity likely to affect populations of migratory birds DoD shall (1) identify the migratory bird species likely to occur in the area of the proposed action and determine if any species of concern could be affected by the activity, and (2) assess and document, using NEPA when applicable, the effect of the proposed action on species of concern. By following these procedures, DoD will minimize the possibility for a proposed action to unintentionally take migratory birds at a level that would violate any of the migratory bird treaties and potentially impact mission activities. In addition, implementing conservation and monitoring programs for migratory birds supports the ecosystem integrity necessary to sustain DoD's natural resources for the military mission.Non-compliance with the procedural requirements of the MBTA could result in a private party lawsuit under the Administrative Procedures Act (APA). A lawsuit filed under APA involving a Navy bombing range is the basis for a court ruling that unintentional take of migratory birds applies to federal actions. Ensuring the necessary data is available to adequately assess impacts of a proposed action will help avoid lawsuits or help ensure such lawsuits have no grounds. The data gathered in a bird monitoring program will provide the best scientific data available to assess the expected impacts of a proposed action on migratory bird species through the NEPA process. This report presents recommendations developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for the Department of Defense (DoD) on establishing a "Coordinated Bird Monitoring (CBM) Plan." The CBM Plan is intended to ensure that DoD meets its conservation and regulatory responsibilities for monitoring birds (Chapter 1). The report relies heavily on recommendations in the report, "Opportunities for improving avian monitoring" (http://www.nabci-us.org/aboutnabci/monitoringreportfinal0307.pdf), by the U.S. North American Bird Conservation Initiative (U.S. NABCI Monitoring Subcommittee, 2007) and on a review of 358 current DoD bird monitoring programs carried out as part of this project (Chapter 2). This report contains 12 recommendations which, if followed, would result in a comprehensive, efficient, and useful approach to bird monitoring. The recommendations are based on the entire report but are presented together at the end of Chapter 1. DoD has agreed to consider implementing these recommendations; however, fina

Bart, Jonathan; Manning, Ann; Fischer, Richard; Eberly, Chris

2012-01-01

444

20 CFR 404.111 - When we consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service...consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service...naval service of the United States during World War II; (b) The person died...

2011-04-01

445

20 CFR 404.111 - When we consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service.  

...consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service...consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service...naval service of the United States during World War II; (b) The person died...

2014-04-01

446

20 CFR 404.111 - When we consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service...consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service...naval service of the United States during World War II; (b) The person died...

2012-04-01

447

20 CFR 404.111 - When we consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service...consider a person fully insured based on World War II active military or naval service...naval service of the United States during World War II; (b) The person died...

2013-04-01

448

Extract of Cordyceps militaris inhibits angiogenesis and suppresses tumor growth of human malignant melanoma cells.  

PubMed

Angiogenesis is essential for tumor development and metastasis. Among several angiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGF) is important for tumor-derived angiogenesis and commonly overexpressed in solid tumors. Thus, many antitumor strategies targeting VEGF have been developed to inhibit cancer angiogenesis, offering insights into the successful treatment of solid cancers. However, there are a number of issues such as harmful effects on normal vascularity in clinical trials. Taking this into consideration, we employed Cordyceps militaris as an antitumor approach due to its biological safety in vivo. The herbal medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris has been reported to show potential anticancer properties including anti-angiogenic capacity; however, its concrete properties have yet to be fully demonstrated. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the biological role of Cordyceps militaris extract in tumor cells, especially in regulating angiogenesis and tumor growth of a human malignant melanoma cell line. We demonstrated that Cordyceps militaris extract remarkably suppressed tumor growth via induction of apoptotic cell death in culture that links to the abrogation of VEGF production in melanoma cells. This was followed by mitigation of Akt1 and GSK-3? activation, while p38? phosphorylation levels were increased. Extract treatment in mouse model xenografted with human melanoma cells resulted in a dramatic antitumor effect with down-regulation of VEGF expression. The results suggest that suppression of tumor growth by Cordyceps militaris extract is, at least, mediated by its anti-angiogenicity and apoptosis induction capacities. Cordyceps militaris extract may be a potent antitumor herbal drug for solid tumors. PMID:24789042

Ruma, I Made Winarsa; Putranto, Endy Widya; Kondo, Eisaku; Watanabe, Risayo; Saito, Ken; Inoue, Yusuke; Yamamoto, Ken-Ichi; Nakata, Susumu; Kaihata, Masaji; Murata, Hitoshi; Sakaguchi, Masakiyo

2014-07-01

449

Effectiveness of immunoprophylaxis in suppressing carriage of Neisseria meningitidis in the military environment.  

PubMed

Neisseria meningitidis, etiological factor of invasive meningococcal disease, is a human commensal that colonizes the nasopharynx. Colonization is usually asymptomatic, but it is a prerequisite for disease. Asymptomatic carriers are the major source of infection. In the present study, a survey of N. meningitidis carriage was conducted between January and March 2013 in a military unit in Poland. Single-time throat culture samples were collected from professional 559 soldiers (302 unvaccinated vs. 257 vaccinated individuals with the quadrivalent conjugate vaccine AC YW-135). Bacterial identification was performed with classic microbiological methods (culture, incubation, identification). Non-culture method (PCR) was used for confirmation of detected strains of N. meningitidis and determination of serogroups. We found 29 carriers in the group of unvaccinated soldiers (9.6% of examined individuals) whereas among vaccinated soldiers only 3 persons were carriers of N. meningitidis (1.2%). The most frequently identified serogroups among the carriers serving in the same military facility were serogroup B (28%), followed by Y (25%), and C (22%). In conclusion, the initiation of mass vaccination with the quadrivalent conjugate vaccine ACYW-135 in the military environment seems an effective method of suppressing N. meningitidis carriage. PMID:25310944

Korzeniewski, K; Skoczy?ska, A; Guzek, A; Konior, M; Chcia?owski, A; Wa?ko, I; Markowska, M; Zwoli?ska, E

2015-01-01

450

Membrane damage and active but nonculturable state in liquid cultures of Escherichia coli treated with an atmospheric pressure plasma jet.  

PubMed

Electrical discharge plasmas can efficiently inactivate various microorganisms. Inactivation mechanisms caused by plasma, however, are not fully understood because of the complexity of both the plasma and biological systems. We investigated plasma-induced inactivation of Escherichia coli in water and mechanisms by which plasma affects bacterial cell membrane integrity. Atmospheric pressure argon plasma jet generated at ambient air in direct contact with bacterial suspension was used as a plasma source. We determined significantly lower counts of E. coli after treatment by plasma when they were assayed using a conventional cultivation technique than using a fluorescence-based LIVE/DEAD staining method, which indicated that bacteria may have entered the viable-but-nonculturable state (VBNC). We did not achieve resuscitation of these non-culturable cells, however, we detected their metabolic activity through the analysis of cellular mRNA, which suggests that cells may have been rather in the active-but-nonculturable state (ABNC). We hypothesize that peroxidation of cell membrane lipids by the reactive species produced by plasma was an important pathway of bacterial inactivation. Amount of malondialdehyde and membrane permeability of E. coli to propidium iodide increased with increasing bacterial inactivation by plasma. Membrane damage was also demonstrated by detection of free DNA in plasma-treated water. PMID:25212700

Dolezalova, Eva; Lukes, Petr

2014-08-29

451

Cross-Cultural Variations in Identifying Embedded Figures: Comparisons from the United States, Germany, Russia, and Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined cross-cultural differences in field dependence, hypothesizing differences according to the degree of individualism or collectivism within college students' respective cultures. Data from U.S., German, Russian, and Malaysian students indicated that field dependence did not differ between samples representing similar cultures. U.S. And

Kuhnen, Ulrich; Hannover, Bettina; Roeder, Ute; Shah, Ashiq Ali; Schubert, Benjamin; Upmeyer, Arnold; Zakaria, Saliza

2001-01-01

452

Why Strong Tobacco Control Measures Cant Be Implemented in the U.S. Military: A Qualitative Analysis  

PubMed Central

The Institute of Medicine recently called for a tobacco-free military, citing evidence that high rates of tobacco use harm readiness and create enormous costs for the Department of Defense and the Veterans Administration. The pro-tobacco activities of the tobacco industry and others, sometimes supported by military authorities even when prohibited by policy, have created a culture highly hospitable to smoking. Through qualitative secondary analysis of data from interviews and focus groups, this article explores the reasons enlisted personnel and their supervisors, installation tobacco control managers, and service policy leaders give for why tobacco control policy change cannot effectively be achieved. Three primary reasons were given: policies would impinge on the right to smoke, policies would be unenforceable and lead to disciplinary breakdown, and the rights of civilian workers on military installations precluded policy enforcement. Yet evidence suggests that these reasons are not only invalid, but inconsistent with military policies addressing other threats to the health of personnel. This pervasive tobacco exceptionalism is a significant barrier to achieving a tobacco-free military. The military, Congress, and the President should re-evaluate the cants that have prevented effective action, and act to regulate and eventually abolish tobacco use in the armed forces. PMID:23113448

Smith, Elizabeth A.; Malone, Ruth E.

2013-01-01

453

Cross-cultural comparison of patients undergoing ACL reconstruction in the United States and Norway.  

PubMed

Data from large prospectively collected anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) cohorts are being utilized to address clinical questions regarding ACL injury demographics and outcomes of ACL reconstruction. These data are affected by patient and injury factors as well as surgical factors associated with the site of data collection. The aim of this article is to compare primary ACL reconstruction data from patient cohorts in the United States and Norway, demonstrating the similarities and differences between two large cohorts. Primary ACL reconstruction data from the Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) in the United States and the Norwegian National Knee Ligament Registry (NKLR) were compared to identify similarities and differences in patient demographics, activity at injury, preoperative Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), time to reconstruction, intraarticular pathology, and graft choice. Seven hundred and thirteen patients from the MOON cohort were compared with 4,928 patients from the NKLR. A higher percentage of males (NKLR 57%, MOON 52%; P < 0.01) and increased patient age (NKLR 27 years, MOON 23 years; P\\0.001) were noted in the NKLR population. The most common sports associated with injury in the MOON cohort were basketball (20%), soccer (17%), and American football (14%); while soccer (42%), handball (26%), and downhill skiing (10%) were most common in the NKLR. Median time to reconstruction was 2.4 (Interquartile range [IQR] 1.2-7.2) months in the MOON cohort and 7.9 (IQR 4.2-17.8) months in the NKLR cohort (P < 0.001). Both meniscal tears (MOON 65%, NKLR 48%; P < 0.001) and articular cartilage defects (MOON 46%, NKLR 26%; P < 0.001) were more common in the MOON cohort. Hamstring autografts (MOON 44%, NKLR 63%) and patellar tendon autografts (MOON 42%, NKLR 37%) were commonly utilized in both cohorts. Allografts were much more frequently utilized in the MOON cohort (MOON 13%, NKLR 0.04%; P < 0.001). Significant diversity in patient, injury, and surgical factors exist among large prospective cohorts collected in different locations. Surgeons should investigate and consider the characteristics of these cohorts when applying knowledge gleaned from these groups to their own patient populations. PMID:19784630

Magnussen, Robert A; Granan, Lars-Petter; Dunn, Warren R; Amendola, Annunziato; Andrish, Jack T; Brophy, Robert; Carey, James L; Flanigan, David; Huston, Laura J; Jones, Morgan; Kaeding, Christopher C; McCarty, Eric C; Marx, Robert G; Matava, Matthew J; Parker, Richard D; Vidal, Armando; Wolcott, Michelle; Wolf, Brian R; Wright, Rick W; Spindler, Kurt P; Engebretsen, Lars

2010-01-01

454

Optimization of fermentation parameters to study the behavior of selected lactic cultures on soy solid state fermentation.  

PubMed

The use of solid fermentation substrate (SSF) has been appreciated by the demand for natural and healthy products. Lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria play a leading role in the production of novel functional foods and their behavior is practically unknown in these systems. Soy is an excellent substrate for the production of functional foods for their low cost and nutritional value. The aim of this work was to optimize different parameters involved in solid state fermentation (SSF) using selected lactic cultures to improve soybean substrate as a possible strategy for the elaboration of new soy food with enhanced functional and nutritional properties. Soy flour and selected lactic cultures were used under different conditions to optimize the soy SSF. The measured responses were bacterial growth, free amino acids and ?-glucosidase activity, which were analyzed by applying response surface methodology. Based on the proposed statistical model, different fermentation conditions were raised by varying the moisture content (50-80%) of the soy substrate and temperature of incubation (31-43C). The effect of inoculum amount was also investigated. These studies demonstrated the ability of selected strains (Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei and Bifidobacterium longum) to grow with strain-dependent behavior on the SSF system. ?-Glucosidase activity was evident in both strains and L. paracasei subsp. paracasei was able to increase the free amino acids at the end of fermentation under assayed conditions. The used statistical model has allowed the optimization of fermentation parameters on soy SSF by selected lactic strains. Besides, the possibility to work with lower initial bacterial amounts to obtain results with significant technological impact was demonstrated. PMID:25498472

Rodrguez de Olmos, A; Bru, E; Garro, M S

2015-03-01

455

Is it time for a tobacco-free military?  

PubMed

Achieving a tobacco-free military requires rethinking current perceptions of service members' tobacco use and unmasking the forces perpetuating those perceptions. Prohibiting tobacco use would be entirely consistent with other military requirements regarding health. PMID:24988299

Smith, Elizabeth A; Jahnke, Sara A; Poston, Walker S C; Williams, Larry N; Haddock, Christopher K; Schroeder, Steven A; Malone, Ruth E

2014-08-14

456

75 FR 3448 - Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission AGENCY...Defense established the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (hereafter...Freeman, Deputy Committee Management Officer for the Department...serves or has served in a leadership position with either a...

2010-01-21

457

5 CFR 842.307 - Deposits for military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01...false Deposits for military service. 842.307...307 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL...discharge for enlisted military personnel, or to the date...

2011-01-01

458

5 CFR 842.307 - Deposits for military service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01...false Deposits for military service. 842.307...307 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL...discharge for enlisted military personnel, or to the date...

2010-01-01

459

19 CFR 148.90 - Foreign military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Foreign military personnel. 148.90 Section 148...DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Personnel of Foreign Governments and...Individuals 148.90 Foreign military personnel. (a) Exemptions...

2011-04-01

460

19 CFR 148.90 - Foreign military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Foreign military personnel. 148.90 Section 148...DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Personnel of Foreign Governments and...Individuals 148.90 Foreign military personnel. (a) Exemptions...

2010-04-01

461

Adaptive Military Behaviour in a Collaborative Simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of innovative and effective technologies to support complex collaborative human activities depends both on observation and analysis of these activities and on iterative development and evaluation of the technologies in the deployment context. Applying these principles to military mission planning and execution is challenging because actual warfare is dangerous for both participants and observers. We use the simulation engine

Daniele Masato; Timothy J. Norman; Steven Poltrock; Helen Bowyer; Peter Waggett

462

Residence Time and Military Workplace Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite widespread interest in the reintegration of Post-9/11 military veterans into civilian life, the literacies of Post-9/11 veterans, both academic and professional, remain largely untheorized. This paper addresses this dearth of information by examining the induction processes and resulting workplace literacies of soldiers, airmen/women,

Doe, Sue; Doe, William W., III

2013-01-01

463

Military Geography and Geology: History and Technology  

E-print Network

of military geologists, Colonel E P F [Ted] Rose. Terrain always influences, sometimes dictates, the course of battles, conflicts and wars: From the canal of Xerxes to the caves of Afghanistan; from the clay neither to glorify war nor to condemn it. It simply reports hard learnt truths about the third, unwilling

Nottingham, University of

464

Military Munitions Waste Working Group report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the findings of the Military Munitions Waste Working Group in its effort to achieve the goals directed under the Federal Advisory Committee to Develop On-Site Innovative Technologies (DOIT Committee) for environmental restoration and waste management. The Military Munitions Waste Working Group identified the following seven areas of concern associated with the ordnance (energetics) waste stream: unexploded ordnance; stockpiled; disposed -- at known locations, i.e., disposal pits; discharged -- impact areas, unknown disposal sites; contaminated media; chemical sureties/weapons; biological weapons; munitions production; depleted uranium; and rocket motor and fuel disposal (open burn/open detonation). Because of time constraints, the Military Munitions Waste Working Group has focused on unexploded ordnance and contaminated media with the understanding that remaining waste streams will be considered as time permits. Contents of this report are as follows: executive summary; introduction; Military Munitions Waste Working Group charter; description of priority waste stream problems; shortcomings of existing approaches, processes and technologies; innovative approaches, processes and technologies, work force planning, training, and education issues relative to technology development and cleanup; criteria used to identify and screen potential demonstration projects; list of potential candidate demonstration projects for the DOIT committee decision/recommendation and appendices.

Not Available

1993-11-30

465

BREAKING NEWS: Military, Veteran and Dependent Lounge  

E-print Network

BREAKING NEWS: Military, Veteran and Dependent Lounge Grand Opening Join President and Mrs. Ellis, Veteran, and Family Lounge in the TTU Student Union. It will serve as a place for our campus community a veteran that would like to have a current Texas Tech University Faculty or Staff Member who is also

Zhuang, Yu

466

78 FR 66607 - Military Family Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...service members, and their families. Last year, I signed an Executive...our service members and their families have sacrificed to protect...that defines our Nation--life, liberty, and the pursuit...And let us keep our military families strong and secure. NOW,...

2013-11-05

467

75 FR 67897 - Military Family Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...willing to lay down their lives to protect us all, we...and engage our military families. They are proud to serve...service members and their families as they transition back into civilian life, providing counseling...our veterans and their families can pursue the...

2010-11-04

468

[Modern medical science and Military Medical Academy].  

PubMed

The article presents the information about the main directions of scientific investigations of Military Medical Academy and their results during the period of 1999-2000. The scientific work was conducted in conformity with demands of orders and directives of RF Ministry of Defense. 12 integrated scientific problems were formed in the annual plans of the Academy's research work. Together with traditional directions the new ones connected with the experience of troops medical support during the armed conflicts, liquidation of consequences of extreme situations, participation of military contingents in peace-making operations were developed. The complex clinical investigations of specific features of combat pathology due to firearms used by the enemy during the military operations in Afghanistan and in the Northern Caucasus are going on. In the most of clinical departments the problems of etiology, pathogenesis and treatment of servicemen' diseases under peacetime conditions are the main directions of scientific investigations. Every year the Academy's rationalizers and inventors produce 60-70 inventions and more than 500 rationalization proposals. Since 1995 the Academy publishes the journal "Clinical medicine and pathophysiology" and since 1999--"Bulletin of Russian Military Medical Academy". The Academy's scientific potential comprises 194 professors, 295 associate professors, 349 Doctors and 894 Candidates of Science, 20 Honoured Scientists of RF, 57 members and corresponding members of academies (Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and other social academies). PMID:16259295

Ga?dar, B V; Lobzin, Iu V; Chursin, I G; Tsygan, V N

2005-08-01

469

Evaluation of military field-water quality  

SciTech Connect

This is the first and summary volume of the nine-volume study entitled Evaluation of Military Field-Water Quality. This study is a comprehensive assessment of the chemical, radiological, and biological constituents of field-water supplied that could pose health risks to military personnel around the world; it also provides a detailed evaluation of the field-water-treatment capability of the US Armed Forces. This study identifies as being of concern three physical properties, i.e., turbidity, color, and total dissolved solids; seven chemical constituents, i.e., chloride, magnesium, sulfate, arsenic, cyanide, lindane, and metabolites of algae and associated aquatic bacteria; and over twenty types of water-related pathogenic microorganisms. It also addresses five threat agents, i.e., hydrogen cyanide, radioactivity, organophosphorous nerve agents, the trichotecene mycotoxin T-2, and lewisite. An overview of the criteria and recommendations for standards for these constituents for short- term and long-term exposure periods are presented in this volume, as are health-effects summaries for assessing the potential soldier performance degradation when recommended standards are exceeded. In addition, the existing military field-water-treatment capability is reviewed, and an abbreviated discussion is presented of the general physical, chemical, and biological qualities of field waters in geographic regions worldwide, representing potential theaters of operation for US military forces. Finally, research recommendations are outlined. 18 figs., 6 tabs.

Daniels, J.I.; Gallegos, G.M. (eds.)

1990-05-01

470

400Cycle Inverters for Military Aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certain equipment on modern military aircraft requires a-c power with a high standard of quality. Good wave shape, very small voltage variations, fairly close frequency range, freedom from radio-noise interference, and reliability over a wide range of operating conditions are required of the power supply. A review of the authors' experiences in design and development of such power supplies is

C. P. Hayes; L. L. Ray

1945-01-01

471

Enhancing Mental Readiness in Military Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

With psychological injuries accounting for between 10-50% of operational casualties, there is consistent evidence that adequate psychological preparation for deployments is a vital operational requisite. Beyond the psychological costs to soldiers, empirical results also indicate that the stressors found in military contexts can contribute to errors in judgement and performance, reducing operational effectiveness. Thus, the development of training programs that

Megan M. Thompson; Donald R. McCreary

472

The Young Military Child: Our Modern Telemachus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For thousands of years military children have been faced with many challenges that result from the combat deployment of their parents. These challenges are likely to be particularly burdensome to infants, toddlers, and preschoolers because of their emotional and cognitive immaturity, their reliance on magical thinking, and their dependence upon

Cozza, Stephen J.; Lieberman, Alicia F.

2007-01-01

473

The University Campus: Why Military Sponsored Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military-sponsored research on the university campus has been a major issue during the past several years. Opposition has come from radicals, who wish to destroy the university itself, to critics, who feel such activities take needed funds and personnel from the more important task of solving our nation's social problems. These viewpoints and the

Messing, Aubrey E.

474

The Military and Politics in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assumption of power by Ms. Benazir Bhutto after the November 1988 general elec tions marked the rehabilitation of civilian rule after a long spell of the military's direct and indirect rule in Pakistan. The top brass who assumed the command of the Army after the death of General Zia-ul-Haq have expressed their support for the Constitution and the elected

Hasan-Askari Rizvi

1991-01-01

475

Military History and Fourth Generation Warfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines Fourth Generation Warfare (4GW), a theory of how warfare has evolved and is evolving, from the perspective of military history. The author makes three primary claims: 4GW advocates' boxing of history into generations is logically and temporally inconsistent; 4GW authors misuse history by selectively choosing case studies and applying them out of context; and other arguments regarding

Timothy J. Junio

2009-01-01

476

Turf Wars: School Administrators and Military Recruiting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a decade has passed since passage, few have noticed that section 9528 in No Child Left Behind (NCLB) mandates schools to assist military recruiting. This article focuses on administrators' responsibility to inform parents of their privacy rights and the struggle to manage recruiting in schools. I highlight two conclusions with policy

Lagotte, Brian W.

2014-01-01

477

Military Veterans' Experiences with Suicidal Ideation: Implications for Intervention and Prevention.  

PubMed

We sought to understand Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) veterans' experiences with suicidal ideation. Semi-structured interviews with 34 OEF/OIF veterans addressed circumstances leading up to disclosure of suicidal ideation during brief clinical assessments. We used an iterative, inductive and deductive thematic analysis approach. Results revealed three pervasive, persistent domains that reinforce the uniqueness of veteran suicidal thoughts: military culture, difficult deployment experiences, and postdeployment adjustment challenges. Within postdeployment, we identified four themes that serve as intervention targets: adjusting to civilian culture, changes to sense of self, feeling overwhelmed by stressors, and lacking life purpose or meaning. PMID:25367753

Denneson, Lauren M; Teo, Alan R; Ganzini, Linda; Helmer, Drew A; Bair, Matthew J; Dobscha, Steven K

2014-11-01

478

Page 328 Courses: German (GER) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog ger 314 LiterAture And CuLture oF tHe gerMAn-SpeAking  

E-print Network

Page 328 Courses: German (GER) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog ger 314 LiterAture And CuLture oF tHe gerMAn-SpeAking WorLd (4) Studies of literature, film, art, and the cultural history of German of the skills acquired in GER 101. Students build on their knowledge of German culture. They improve

Ravikumar, B.

479

Electronic Principles V, 7-9. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fifth of 10 blocks of student and teacher materials for a postsecondary level course in electronic principles comprises one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Prerequisites are the previous blocks. This block on solid state

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

480

12. Photocopy, BOYS' MILITARY BAND, mid or late 19th century. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Photocopy, BOYS' MILITARY BAND, mid or late 19th century. Original photograph at State Historical Society of North Dakota, file No. TF854 - Fort Totten, 12 miles southwest of Devils Lake City off Route 57, Devils Lake, Ramsey County, ND

481

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Diver Second Class, 15-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum outline, student guide, and instructor guide for a secondary-postsecondary-level course in scuba diving (diver second class) is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose stated for the 425-hour course is to

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

482

Ecology and Oil Spills, 17-1. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This single-lesson course in ecology and oil spills for the secondary/postsecondary level comprises one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. The purpose stated for the 2-hour course is to provide students with an understanding of

Army Quartermaster School, Ft. Lee, VA.

483

Apprentice Baker, 9-1. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of student materials for a secondary/post-secondary level course in food service/baking comprises one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. The purpose stated for the individualized, self-paced course is to assist the

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

484

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Drafting I, 6-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This outline of instruction, instructor guide, and student job sheets for a secondary-postsecondary-level course in Drafting I are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose stated for the sixty-three-hour course is to teach

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

485

Apprentice Cook, 9-2. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These student materials in a two-volume format for a secondary-postsecondary level course in food service/cook comprise one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. The stated purpose for the individualized, self-paced course is to

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

486

Military Control over War News: The Implications of the Persian Gulf.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that news coverage of warfare poses a problem for political systems with a free press, such as the United States. Reports that the military's controls over newsgathering during the Persian Gulf War set off a controversy still smoldering during the Haiti occupation of 1994. Examines the legal, historical, and technological aspects of the

Cooper, Stephen

1996-01-01

487

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Clinical Specialist, 10-17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These lesson plans and student materials--handouts and workbook--for a secondary-postsecondary-level course for clinical specialists are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose stated for the 105-hour course is to provide

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

488

Radiology Technician, 10-5. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These five volumes of student materials for a secondary/postsecondary level course in radiology technology comprise one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. The purpose stated for the course is to provide the theory portion of

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

489

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Law Enforcement Specialist, 17-11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These teaching guides and student programmed texts for a secondary-postsecondary-level course in law enforcement are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose stated for the 162-hour course is to provide knowledge and skills

Air Force Training Command, Lackland AFB, Texas

490

Military Curricula for Vocational and Technical Education. Traffic Management and Accident Investigation, 17-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide and student workbook for a postsecondary level course in traffic management and accident investigation is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose stated for the 132-hour course is to expose students to

Air Force, Washington, DC.

491

Health and safety of radio frequency radiation: U.S. military research and exposure standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The military services of the United States develop and use large numbers of electromagnetic energy emitting devices. Incumbent upon the services is the responsibility to maintain the health and safety of their personnel as well as protection of the environment. To discharge this responsibility, the services have been in the forefront of research in the biological effects of exposure to

Michael R. Murphy; James H. Merritt

1998-01-01

492

To avert impending disaster: American military plans to use atomic weapons during the Korean War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though historians continue to argue about the role of American nuclear threats in producing an armistice in the Korean War, by 1953 the United States was moving closer to actually escalating the war with the employment of atomic bombs. While military studies and unsatisfactory exercises during the first two years of the conflict had relegated such weapons to a role

Conrad C. Crane

2000-01-01

493

Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education. Commissary Store Management, QMO 387, 19-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instruction booklet and single-lesson assignment booklets for a secondary-postsecondary level course in commissary store management are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose stated for the course is to provide store

Army Quartermaster School, Ft. Lee, VA.

494

Introduction to Metal Bonded Repair, 13-4. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructor materials and student study guide for a secondary/postsecondary level course in metal-bonded repair comprise one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. The purpose stated for the course is to train students in the

Air Training Command, Randolph AFB, TX.

495

Research on the Impact of Military Trauma: Current Status and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have absorbed our attention both as citizens and professionals. A new generation of veterans may be at risk for life course disturbances implicated by exposure to war-zone stressors and adversities. I describe these new conflicts and use this as a backdrop to review the state of the field with respect to military trauma and

Brett T. Litz

2007-01-01

496

34 CFR 106.13 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

This part does not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military service of the United States or for the merchant marine. (Authority: Secs. 901, 902, Education Amendments of 1972, 86 Stat. 373, 374; 20 U.S.C. 1681,...

2010-07-01

497

34 CFR 106.13 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

This part does not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military service of the United States or for the merchant marine. (Authority: Secs. 901, 902, Education Amendments of 1972, 86 Stat. 373, 374; 20 U.S.C. 1681,...

2012-07-01

498

45 CFR 86.13 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

This part does not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military service of the United States or for the merchant marine. (Secs. 901, 902, Education Amendments of 1972, 86 Stat. 373, 374; 20 U.S.C. 1681,...

2010-10-01

499

34 CFR 106.13 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

This part does not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military service of the United States or for the merchant marine. (Authority: Secs. 901, 902, Education Amendments of 1972, 86 Stat. 373, 374; 20 U.S.C. 1681,...

2011-07-01

500

34 CFR 106.13 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.  

This part does not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military service of the United States or for the merchant marine. (Authority: Secs. 901, 902, Education Amendments of 1972, 86 Stat. 373, 374; 20 U.S.C. 1681,...

2014-07-01