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1

Cultural intelligence support for military operations  

SciTech Connect

It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

Guthormsen, Amy M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morgart, Ruth E [INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY

2010-04-08

2

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490) provides assistance to military land managers for technical support in cultural resources management planning and compliance. The goal is to ensure that these diverse, nonrenewable resources are adequately

3

Cultural heritage training in the US military.  

PubMed

Cultural competence is a vital component of many missions in today's military. Cultural competence enables one to further a mission, save resources, and save lives. Conversely, a lack of cultural competence may bring about challenges to mission completion, requirement for more resources, waste of resources, and destruction of lives. Cultural competence involves many components. One particular component is cultural heritage awareness and protection of cultural property. This study sought to assess current understanding of cultural property protection and determine the effectiveness of a training aimed at increasing cultural property protection awareness, knowledge, and comfort within the military setting. It was hypothesized that participants would vary in their level of awareness, knowledge, and comfort of cultural property protection, and that all would show a significant improvement in knowledge scores post training. Factors such as deployment experience were examined for potential correlation with measures such as awareness. A 14 question pre-read survey was developed to assess participants' demographics, awareness, knowledge, and comfort with cultural property protection. Awareness included value, laws, and procedures while knowledge examined "know how" such as how to bed down in a protected structure or communicate information about the structure. Comfort assessed one's comfort with engaging in the knowledge based tasks. A 24 question post read survey was administered to assess awareness, knowledge, and comfort, and to solicit additional feedback on the manual itself. The survey utilized a 1-5 rating scale with 1 representing no awareness, knowledge, or comfort and 5 representing absolute awareness, knowledge, and comfort with different aspects of cultural property protection. Cultural property protection value was highest pre and post training while knowledge regarding recovery of property was rated lowest pre and post training. Results are encouraging for the pursuit of cultural property education. Further studies should include knowledge assessment versus self rating as well as tracking of incidents and outcomes in the field. Implications for mission readiness and success are discussed. PMID:24741471

Svec, Leedjia

2014-01-01

4

Any Base USA: The Significance of Military Culture in the Construction of Identity  

E-print Network

to the United States (Ender 2006). More recent literature has also closely related military dependents to this subculture, Third Culture Kids (Werstch 1991, Williams and Mariglia 2002, & Ender 2002). It has been suggested that the subgroup categorization...

Girard, Jessica Nichole

2014-05-02

5

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6 Section...ARMY PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest...

2010-07-01

6

[Investigations on cordycepin production by solid culture of Cordyceps militaris].  

PubMed

An efficient method to produce cordycepin by solid culture using Cordyceps militaris was investigated in this study. Firstly, the changes of cordycepin during various growing periods of solid culture using 5 strains of C. militaris were detected, the best strain and optimal growing period for cordycepin production were determined. Then, by experiments of quadratic rotation-orthogonal combination design and orthogonal design, the medium composition and growth conditions for high yield of cordycepin were optimized. With the optimized method to produce cordycepin, the content of cordycepin in the medium was increased to 0.60%, which was nearly 2 times higher than the highest yield reported. PMID:19165995

Wei, Hui-Ping; Ye, Xiao-Li; Zhang, Hua-Ying; Li, Xue-Gang; Zhong, Yun-Jun

2008-10-01

7

Montana State University 1 Military Science -Army  

E-print Network

Montana State University 1 Military Science - Army ROTC Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) is a unique course of study that complements an existing degree-producing program-time soldier (one weekend a month and two weeks in the summer). ROTC enhances a student's education

Maxwell, Bruce D.

8

Job Satisfaction and the Perceived Organizational Culture of U.S. Military and Military Affiliated Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between demographic characteristics, level of job satisfaction, and current/preferred organizational culture in a sample of 139 off-campus military degree program participants. Responses were received from undergraduate students in the fields of engineering, applied sciences and arts, and education. "The Job…

Diffenauer, Deborah A.

2010-01-01

9

Breaking Down Cultural Barriers to Military Entry into Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to identify a problem in higher education that needed a new solution and draft a viable proposal for how to resolve it. I chose the problem of cultural barriers that veterans often face when attempting to return to many universities following military service. The method used was a combination of existing literature…

Hollis, Michael J.

2009-01-01

10

United States military posture for FY 1989  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of this statement on the military posture of the United States is to supplement testimony by the Chairman and other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at congressional hearings in support of the FY 1989 Defense Budget. Chapter I is an overview that describes the main challenges to US national security, outlines objectives and elements of US military strategy, and highlights continuing efforts to field the best possible armed forces for the protection of US national interests. Chapter II compares US defense requirements and resource commitment with those of the Soviet Union. Chapter III provides an overview of the global military environment by comparing US and allied forces with Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces. Chapter IV assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces to meet the Soviet nuclear threat. Chapter V assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces, in concert with friends and allies, to meet the Soviet conventional military threat. This chapter deals primarily with joint perspectives that have increased the capabilities and efficiency of our forces. Chapter VI addresses other topics of interest. Unless otherwise noted, data shown in this report have used operational as opposed to treaty inventories for strategic weapon systems, a fiscal year cutoff date of 30 September 1987, and mobilized forces. Additionally, data have been developed based on a global as opposed to regional war scenario.

Not Available

1989-01-01

11

For a Socio-Historical Approach to the Study of Western Military Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the value systems of the military, as well as military values in society at large. Hypotheses and problems are not tested though empirical evidence, but are presented in order to direct the overall agenda and discourse for future research. The author explores military culture and its relationship with civilian society through a cultural- historical analysis, concluding that

Stephen Wilson

1980-01-01

12

United States Military Academy Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Military Academy Library is the oldest federal library in the United States. Recently, they have placed hundreds of rare items online on their very well-organized site. The site includes over twenty thematic collections, and visitors can also browse the collection by document type, such as books, manuscripts, maps, and photographs. There are some real gems here including an eighteen-minute silent movie on Army football, a collection of college yearbooks from the academy (the yearbook is appropriately named the "Howitzer"), and audio lectures from the West Point Distinguished Lecture Series. Finally, the site also includes 40 Civil War maps and a 21-minute film titled, "The MacArthur Story".

13

Suicide in The United States Military and Other Nations’ Militaries: A Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

The completion of suicide is permanent and tragic with long term repercussions affecting everyone who knew the victim. Suicidal ideations and behaviors can occur across all genders, ages, ethnicities, and nationalities. A recent increase in the suicide rates of active duty United States military personnel has raised alarm. A comprehensive review of the literature published between 1990 to present was

Francesca Piscitelli

2011-01-01

14

Asymmetry of will : the effect of religious radicalism on state military doctrine  

E-print Network

How is a state's military doctrine affected by the presence of radical religious ideology in its military? Using analysis of satellite imagery, recent military exercises, and a series of source interviews, I examine the ...

Lewis, Patrick (Patrick Joseph)

2012-01-01

15

Extraction of mycelial polysaccharides from submerged-cultured cordyceps militaris (a caterpillar fungus)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cordyceps militaris, a kind of caterpillar fungus, has therapeutic effects including immunoregulative, anticancer, antibacterial and antifungal effects. Aqueous extraction and alkaline (NaOH) hydrolysis method were comparatively studied in polysaccharides extraction from submerged-cultured C. militaris mycelia. The results indicate that the polysaccharide content and the total extract rate from alkaline extraction method were obviously higher than those from the aqueous extraction

Gao-Qiang Liu; Huai-Yun Zhang; Xiao-Ling Wang; Guo-Ying Zhou; Yan Zhao; Yong-Guang Zhang

2010-01-01

16

First War Syndrome : military culture, professionalization, and counterinsurgency doctrine  

E-print Network

Counterinsurgency was a persistent and important challenge to military organizations in the second half of the 20th century and seems likely to continue to pose a challenge in the 21st century. This makes understanding how ...

Long, Austin G

2010-01-01

17

Armed forces, states and threats : civil-military institutions and military power in modern democracies  

E-print Network

Two longstanding questions preoccupying political scientists, military officers and policymakers alike are how should and how do political leaders interact with military professionals? This thesis argues that historic ...

DeVore, Marc Ronald

2009-01-01

18

Montana State University 1 Military Science -Air Force  

E-print Network

Montana State University 1 Military Science - Air Force ROTC The development are still provided at no cost. The Air Force ROTC program has three general parts or elements: 1 and course materials are furnished. Air Force ROTC College Scholarships Three to four-year scholarships

Maxwell, Bruce D.

19

Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American

Mary Mandels; Douglas E Eveleigh

2009-01-01

20

Anti-inflammatory and related pharmacological activities of cultured mycelia and fruiting bodies of Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to elucidate pharmacological activities of Cordyceps militaris. The 70% ethanolic extracts of cultured mycelia (CME) and fruiting bodies (FBE) of Cordyceps militaris were prepared. CME was able to directly scavenge the stable free radical diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), indicating its antioxidant activity. Both CME and FBE showed topical anti-inflammatory activity in the croton oil-induced ear edema in mice. CME

So-Young Won; Eun-Hee Park

2005-01-01

21

Comparison of metabolic responses of United States Military Academy men and women in acute military load bearing.  

PubMed

Twenty-four first year United States Military Academy (USMA) men and women were studied to compare metabolic response differences in seven horizontal walking velocities, under three military load bearing conditions. The treadmill protocol consisted of walking or jogging on a horizontal treadmill surface for 3-min intervals at velocities of 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, 5, 5.5, and 6 mph. The three military load bearing conditions weighed 5, 12, and 20 kg. Metabolic measurements taken at each speed in each of the military load bearing conditions were: minute volume, tidal volume, respiratory rate, absolute and relative to body weight oxygen consumption, and respiratory quotient. Two three-way analyses of variance for repeated measures tests with main effects of gender, military load, and speed revealed that USMA men and women metabolically respond to different military load bearing conditions; they metabolically respond to different walking and jogging velocities under military load bearing conditions; and they have identifiable and quantifiable metabolic response differences to military load bearing. This study was designed to improve USMA physical and military training programs by providing information to equally and uniformly administer the USMA Doctrine of Comparable Training to men and women alike; and additionally to clarify the "...minimal essential adjustments...required because of physiological differences between male and female individuals ..." portion of Public Law 94-106 providing for the admission of women to America's Service Academies. PMID:3689268

Stauffer, R W; McCarter, M; Campbell, J L; Wheeler, L F

1987-11-01

22

Military Medical Graduates' Perceptions of Organizational Culture in Turkish Military Medical School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizational culture is the term used to describe the shared beliefs, perceptions, and expectations of individuals in organizations.\\u000a In the healthcare environment, organizational culture has been associated with several elements of organizational experience\\u000a that contribute to quality, such as nursing care, job satisfaction, and patient safety. A range of tools have been designed\\u000a to measure organizational culture and applied in

Mustafa Ozer; Bilal Bakir; Abdulkadir Teke; Muharrem Ucar; Turker Bas; Adnan Atac

2008-01-01

23

75 FR 65460 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military Academy Board...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military Academy Board of Visitors AGENCY: Department...renewing the charter for the United States Military Academy Board of Visitors (hereafter...States on matters relating to the U.S. Military Academy, including the following:...

2010-10-25

24

76 FR 63188 - Hawaii State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...borders of all military installations in Hawaii. Hawaii...authority over military installations in the state of Hawaii...also amending its description of the state plan...Regulation, these descriptions can be updated only...determination that military installations will not be...

2011-10-12

25

CENTER FOR ECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS Colorado State University  

E-print Network

......................................................................................................................................................................4 1.3.5 Fire Records and Trend Analysis for Makua Military Reservation

26

A review of "Military Migration and State Formation: The British Military Community in Seventeenth-Century Sweden." by Mary Elizabeth Ailes  

E-print Network

the manuscript?s pages. This is an excellent expedient: it makes an already most interesting book a place where scholars of the seventeenth century will feel entirely at home. Mary Elizabeth Ailes. Military Migration and State Formation: The British Military... of its military forces and to the creation of the ?military state.? Given Sweden?s particularly limited resources, it was also forced to re- cruit relatively large numbers of foreign troops both as ordinary soldiers and officers. Professor Ailes...

Lee Sather

2003-01-01

27

75 FR 62439 - The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan...SUMMARY: This is a notice of the Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan...Business Development Act of 1999, and the Military Reservist and Veteran Small...

2010-10-08

28

Recent research on permethrin-treated United States military uniforms  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

History is replete with examples of arthropod-borne illnesses affecting the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our U.S. military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. A part of the system to protect military personnel consists of wearing permeth...

29

Optimization of medium on exopolysaccharides production in submerged culture of Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical experimental design strategy (SES) was applied to optimize the medium for the exopolysaccharides (EPS) production\\u000a of Cordyceps militaris by submerged culture in shaker flask. A significant influence of the glucose and peptone on the EPS production was first\\u000a evaluated by using a Plackett-Buman design. Then, steepest ascent method was employed to approach the experimental design\\u000a space. Last, these factors

Jian-Dong Cui; Shi-Ru Jia

2010-01-01

30

Anti-inflammatory and related pharmacological activities of cultured mycelia and fruiting bodies of Cordyceps militaris.  

PubMed

This study aimed to elucidate pharmacological activities of Cordyceps militaris. The 70% ethanolic extracts of cultured mycelia (CME) and fruiting bodies (FBE) of Cordyceps militaris were prepared. CME was able to directly scavenge the stable free radical diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), indicating its antioxidant activity. Both CME and FBE showed topical anti-inflammatory activity in the croton oil-induced ear edema in mice. CME was found to contain acute anti-inflammatory activity, which was evaluated using the carrageenin-induced edema, and also strong antinociceptive activity in writhing test. CME and FBE contain potent inhibitory activity on the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) angiogenesis in a dose-dependent manner. Cordycepin, a metabolite of Cordyceps militaris, appeared to be at least partly responsible for its anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic activities. CME concentration-dependently inhibited the NO production and iNOS expression upon stimulation by lipoposaccharide in RAW 264.7, a murine macrophage cell line. In brief, we demontrate that Cordyceps militaris possesses anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activites, and related antioxidant, anti-angiogenic, and NO production-inhibitory activities. PMID:15619578

Won, So-Young; Park, Eun-Hee

2005-01-15

31

75 FR 60159 - Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7189] Determination...Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and...Law Enforcement'' of the Department of State, Foreign Operations,...

2010-09-29

32

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917  

E-print Network

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917 By: ©2012 Lon J. Strauss Submitted to the graduate degree program in History and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas...: A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917 _____________________________ Chairperson Dr. Theodore Wilson Date Approved: April 9, 2012 iii Abstract “A...

Strauss, Lon Jeffrey

2012-05-31

33

Production of sterigmatocystin by Aspergillus versicolor QM 432 used in fungus resistance tests for United States military specifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was made to determine whether Aspergillus flavus (QM 380; NRRL 3537; ATCC 9643) and Aspergillus versicolor (QM 432; NRRL 573; ATCC 16,020), mold strains routinely combined in fungus resistance tests for United States military specification (MIL-STD-810B; MIL-STD-331A), were capable of producing aflatoxins or sterigmatocystin when grown separately or in mixed culture fermentations of cracked corn (11 days at

D. T. Wicklow; Gail M. Shannon; O. L. Shotwell

1981-01-01

34

[Influence of work factors on health state in personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects].  

PubMed

Complex of occupational studies and medical, statistical research helped to reveal climate, geographic and other factors influencing health state of personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects. Considering peculiarities of occupational activities in various specialists, the authors specified measures to improve medical service for nuclear technical military officers directly working with nuclear ammunition. Practical application of the measures helped to gain 1.5-1.7 times improvement in morbidity parameters among nuclear technical military officers. PMID:25069272

Poluboiarinov, V N; Iusov, I G; Ivanchenko, A V; Turlakov, Iu S

2014-01-01

35

Current state of OLED technology relative to military avionics requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper will review optical and environmental performance thresholds required for OLED technology to be used on various military platforms. Life study results will be summarized to highlight trends while identifying remaining performance gaps to make this technology viable for future military avionics platforms.

Tchon, Joseph L.; Barnidge, Tracy J.; Hufnagel, Bruce D.; Bahadur, Birendra

2014-06-01

36

CIVIL-MILITARY GAP AND MILITARY EFFECTIVENESS: THE IMPACT OF IDEOLOGY AND MILITARY EXPERIENCE GAP ON DEFENSE SPENDING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1952-2000  

E-print Network

Previous studies of civil-military gap have argued that the difference in values, perspectives, and opinions between civilians and the military matters because it determines military effectiveness, but empirical analyses ...

Lee, Byeonggu

2010-01-01

37

31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE...controlled by the military forces of the United States...that come under the control of the military forces of the United States...command or operational control of the commander...

2013-07-01

38

31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE...controlled by the military forces of the United States...that come under the control of the military forces of the United States...command or operational control of the commander...

2012-07-01

39

31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE...controlled by the military forces of the United States...that come under the control of the military forces of the United States...command or operational control of the commander...

2011-07-01

40

31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE...controlled by the military forces of the United States...that come under the control of the military forces of the United States...command or operational control of the commander...

2014-07-01

41

Climate change and the military in China, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

National security agencies of four major powers—the United States, Russia, China, and the United Kingdom—see their militaries taking on additional roles in domestic disaster relief because of the effects of global climate change. Otherwise, national security actors show drastically different responses to climate change. The US and Russian militaries are planning for a thawing of the Arctic; but outside the

Michael Brzoska

2012-01-01

42

No One Leaves Unchanged: Insights for Civilian Mental Health Care Professionals Into the Military Experience and Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to elucidate an understanding of military culture and experience, so as to better frame the services offered by civilian clinicians. Service members indoctrinated into such an influential culture can experience adjustment problems upon reentry into the larger society, and thus professional counselors and social workers must be ready to address the reintegration process with veteran clients. Furthermore,

Jose E. Coll; Eugenia L. Weiss; Jeffrey S. Yarvis

2011-01-01

43

76 FR 31308 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Defense announces that the following Federal...place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date...m. Members of the public wishing to...Dirksen Building 562, Constitution Avenue,...

2011-05-31

44

The United States Military Assistance Advisory Group in French Indochina, 1950-1956  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the American Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) sent to French Indochina, from 1950 to 1956, when the United States provided major monetary and material aid to the French in their war against the communist Viet Minh. MAAG...

Weber, Nathaniel R.

2012-02-14

45

Occurrence of maltreatment in active duty military and nonmilitary families in the State of Texas.  

PubMed

This study compared the occurrence of child maltreatment in military and nonmilitary populations. Data came from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System. All cases of child maltreatment substantiated from January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2002, in the state of Texas were analyzed. The rate of occurrence of substantiated maltreatment was lower for children in military families compared with children in nonmilitary families (5.05 vs. 7.89 per 1000 person-years). A greater proportion of caretakers of children in nonmilitary families compared with military families reportedly had financial problems (18.7% vs. 5.2%) and received public assistance (28.2% vs. 8.9%). The rate of occurrence of substantiated child maltreatment appears to be lower in military than nonmilitary families. The proportion of families with financial problems and public assistance is lower in military than nonmilitary families, suggesting that these factors may increase stress in families and the risk of maltreatment. PMID:18595411

Rentz, E Danielle; Marshall, Stephen W; Martin, Sandra L; Gibbs, Deborah A; Casteel, Carri; Loomis, Dana

2008-06-01

46

Mechanism of macrophage activation induced by polysaccharide from Cordyceps militaris culture broth.  

PubMed

Mushroom-derived polysaccharides have been shown to stimulate immune responses. Our previous report showed that the novel polysaccharide PLCM isolated from the culture broth of Cordyceps militaris could induce nitric oxide production in the murine macrophage-like cell line RAW264.7. In this study, we show that PLCM enhances immunostimulatory activities such as the release of toxic molecules (nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species), secretion of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-?, and phagocytic uptake in RAW264.7 macrophages. In addition, all the specific inhibitors against the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-?B) (SN50, BAY11-7082, PD98059, SP600125 and SB203580) markedly suppressed the nitric oxide production and phagocytic uptake induced by PLCM. Moreover, antibodies specific to the extracellular domain of Toll-like receptor-2, Toll-like receptor-4 or the macrophage receptor Dectin-1 significantly attenuated PLCM-induced secretion of TNF-?. Our results indicate that the C. militaris polysaccharide activates macrophages through the MAPKs and NF-?B signaling pathways via Toll-like receptor 2, Toll-like receptor 4, and Dectin-1. PMID:25662684

Lee, Jong Seok; Kwon, Duck Soo; Lee, Ki Rim; Park, Jun Myoung; Ha, Suk-Jin; Hong, Eock Kee

2015-04-20

47

Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987  

PubMed Central

This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American Chemical Society and through her induction into the Hall of Fame at the US Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Massachusetts. As illustrated, along with Dr Elwyn Reese at Natick's Pioneering Research Laboratory, she headed a bioengineering group that is particularly remembered for developing a process for the enzymatic conversion of waste cellulosic biomass into soluble sugars that could be fermented to ethanol for an alternate liquid fuel (gasohol). This technology remains a subject of interest with growing environmental concerns and an oil shortage crisis. Mary broke the promotional glass ceiling in her own field, all the more remarkable from the perspective that she was born 3 years before women gained the right to vote. Her talents as the family storyteller, enthralling her four siblings while growing up, later reflected her abilities as an outstanding mentor to young scientists. Mary's passions went beyond her career with a love of nature and the outdoors, taking frequent canoe, hiking, skiing, and camping trips. She had a broad fascination for science, foci including her encyclopedic knowledge of plants and wildlife. When not outdoors Mary enjoyed listening to music, from opera to 'Bobby' Dylan, as she called him. Her voracious appetite for books was apparent by the tomes that covered her coffee table. She was never shy to share her political opinions and would send long handwritten letters to politicians who did something to her disapproval. She was strong willed and passionate in everything that she did. In particular was her love of the nation and of the US Army, and this particular article reflects her passion. Mary was an inspiration to all of those who knew her. For me, she was not only my grandmother but also my friend and role model. I will forever miss her wisdom, spirit and passion for life. Susan Roche PMID:19723297

Mandels, Mary; Eveleigh, Douglas E

2009-01-01

48

Reflections on the United States military 1941-1987.  

PubMed

This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American Chemical Society and through her induction into the Hall of Fame at the US Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Massachusetts. As illustrated, along with Dr Elwyn Reese at Natick's Pioneering Research Laboratory, she headed a bioengineering group that is particularly remembered for developing a process for the enzymatic conversion of waste cellulosic biomass into soluble sugars that could be fermented to ethanol for an alternate liquid fuel (gasohol). This technology remains a subject of interest with growing environmental concerns and an oil shortage crisis.Mary broke the promotional glass ceiling in her own field, all the more remarkable from the perspective that she was born 3 years before women gained the right to vote. Her talents as the family storyteller, enthralling her four siblings while growing up, later reflected her abilities as an outstanding mentor to young scientists. Mary's passions went beyond her career with a love of nature and the outdoors, taking frequent canoe, hiking, skiing, and camping trips. She had a broad fascination for science, foci including her encyclopedic knowledge of plants and wildlife. When not outdoors Mary enjoyed listening to music, from opera to 'Bobby' Dylan, as she called him. Her voracious appetite for books was apparent by the tomes that covered her coffee table. She was never shy to share her political opinions and would send long handwritten letters to politicians who did something to her disapproval. She was strong willed and passionate in everything that she did. In particular was her love of the nation and of the US Army, and this particular article reflects her passion. Mary was an inspiration to all of those who knew her. For me, she was not only my grandmother but also my friend and role model. I will forever miss her wisdom, spirit and passion for life.Susan Roche. PMID:19723297

Mandels, Mary; Eveleigh, Douglas E

2009-01-01

49

Characterization of culturable heterotrophic bacteria in hydrocarbon-contaminated soil from an alpine former military site.  

PubMed

We characterized the culturable, heterotrophic bacterial community in soil collected from a former alpine military site contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. The physiologically active eubacterial community, as revealed by fluorescence-in situ-hybridization, accounted for 14.9 % of the total (DAPI-stained) bacterial community. 4.0 and 1.2 % of the DAPI-stained cells could be attributed to culturable, heterotrophic bacteria able to grow at 20 and 10 °C, respectively. The majority of culturable bacterial isolates (23/28 strains) belonged to the Proteobacteria with a predominance of Alphaproteobacteria. The remaining isolates were affiliated with the Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Five strains could be identified as representatives of novel species. Characterization of the 28 strains demonstrated their adaptation to the temperature and nutrient conditions prevailing in the studied soil. One-third of the strains was able to grow at subzero temperatures (-5 °C). Studies on the effect of temperature on growth and lipase production with two selected strains demonstrated their low-temperature adaptation. PMID:24402300

Zhang, Dechao; Margesin, Rosa

2014-06-01

50

Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

2010-01-01

51

Optimization of culture conditions and medium components for the production of mycelial biomass and exo-polysaccharides with Cordyceps militaris in liquid culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both crude exo-biopolymers and mycelial biomass, produced by liquid culture of Cordyceps species, are believed to possess several potential health benefits. As a result of its known biological activities, Cordyceps militaris has been extensively characterized in regards to potential medicinal applications. However, optimized liquid culture conditions\\u000a for enhanced polysaccharide productivity have yet to be developed, which is a necessary step

Jeong Seok Kwon; Jong Seok Lee; Won Cheol Shin; Keun Eok Lee; Eock Kee Hong

2009-01-01

52

Salinity-Induced Anti-Angiogenesis Activities and Structural Changes of the Polysaccharides from Cultured Cordyceps Militaris  

PubMed Central

Cordyceps is a rare and exotic mushroom that grows out of the head of a mummified caterpillar. Many companies are cultivating Cordyceps to meet the increased demand for its medicinal applications. However, the structures and functions of polysaccharides, one of the pharmaceutical active ingredients in Cordyceps, are difficult to reproduce in vitro. We hypothesized that mimicking the salty environment inside caterpillar bodies might make the cultured fungus synthesize polysaccharides with similar structures and functions to that of wild Cordyceps. By adding either sodium sulfate or sodium chloride into growth media, we observed the salinity-induced anti-angiogenesis activities of the polysaccharides purified from the cultured C. Militaris. To correlate the activities with the polysaccharide structures, we performed the 13C-NMR analysis and observed profound structural changes including different proportions of ? and ? glycosidic bonds and appearances of uronic acid signals in the polysaccharides purified from the culture after the salts were added. By coupling the techniques of stable 34S-sulfate isotope labeling, aniline- and D5-aniline tagging, and stable isotope facilitated uronic acid-reduction with LC-MS analysis, our data revealed for the first time the existence of covalently linked sulfate and the presence of polygalacuronic acids in the polysaccharides purified from the salt added C. Militaris culture. Our data showed that culturing C. Militaris with added salts changed the biosynthetic scheme and resulted in novel polysaccharide structures and functions. These findings might be insightful in terms of how to make C. Militaris cultures to reach or to exceed the potency of wild Cordyceps in future. PMID:25203294

Zeng, Yangyang; Han, Zhangrun; Qiu, Peiju; Zhou, Zijing; Tang, Yang; Zhao, Yue; Zheng, Sha; Xu, Chenchen; Zhang, Xiuli; Yin, Pinghe; Jiang, Xiaolu; Lu, Hong; Yu, Guangli; Zhang, Lijuan

2014-01-01

53

An Examination of Factors Relating to Retention of United States Military Academy Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduates of the United States Military Academy, who received concentrated professional and motivational training, have served traditionally as the backbone of the United States Officer Corps. The fact that numbers of these graduates resign after completing their service obligation deserves special attention. Factors influencing graduates to…

Edmonds, Maurice O.

54

The intersection of a military culture and indigenous peoples in conservation issues  

PubMed Central

Military operations impose various positive and negative consequences on the environment. Three case studies are presented illuminating how local indigenous peoples as stakeholders may be vulnerable to being disenfranchised from important discussions concerning military activities. The study of ecological issues associated with sustaining a military footprint may be particularly useful for informing the global debate that pits strict conservation against human well-being. PMID:24567778

Marler, Thomas E

2013-01-01

55

The intersection of a military culture and indigenous peoples in conservation issues.  

PubMed

Military operations impose various positive and negative consequences on the environment. Three case studies are presented illuminating how local indigenous peoples as stakeholders may be vulnerable to being disenfranchised from important discussions concerning military activities. The study of ecological issues associated with sustaining a military footprint may be particularly useful for informing the global debate that pits strict conservation against human well-being. PMID:24567778

Marler, Thomas E

2013-11-01

56

26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. 301.7701-8 Section...Definitions § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The...

2011-04-01

57

26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. 301.7701-8 Section...Definitions § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The...

2010-04-01

58

Mosquito Bite Protection Performance of Permethrin-Treated United States Military Uniforms  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Since 1991, permethrin-impregnation of combat uniforms has been standard practice by the United States Military. The incorporation of permethrin into uniforms has taken place mainly in the field using spray cans or Individual Dynamic Absorption (IDA) kits with factory-level permethrin treatment les...

59

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME I. THE MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOCO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

60

Paramilitary Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies the movie, "Rambo," and "Soldier of Fortune" magazine as artifacts of "paramilitary culture." Contends that they are a social phenomenon which helps legitimate the United States government's rapid escalation of military forces. (MS)

Gibson, James William

1989-01-01

61

Weapon carrying, physical fighting and gang membership among youth in Washington state military families.  

PubMed

To examine associations between parental military service and school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership among youth. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades of public schools (n = 9,987). Parental military service was categorized as none (reference group), without combat zone deployment, or deployed to a combat zone. Multivariable logistic regression was used to test associations between parental military service and three outcomes: school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership. Standard errors were adjusted for the complex survey design. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting gang membership (OR = 1.8) among girls, and higher odds of physical fighting (OR = 1.6), and gang membership (OR = 1.9) among boys. In 10th/12th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting physical fighting (OR = 2.0) and gang membership (OR = 2.2) among girls, and physical fighting (OR = 2.0), carrying a weapon (OR = 2.3) among boys. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of reporting engagement in school-based physical fighting, school-based weapon carrying, and gang membership, particularly among older youth. Military, school, and public health professionals have a unique, collaborative opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to prevent violence-related behaviors among youth and, ultimately, improve the health and safety of youth in military families. Ideally, such programs would target families and youth before they enter eighth grade. PMID:24463984

Reed, Sarah C; Bell, Janice F; Edwards, Todd C

2014-10-01

62

The United States, Western Europe and military intervention overseas  

SciTech Connect

This book covers the following topics. The United States, Britain and out of area problems, The NATO allies and the Persian Gulf, France, NATO and regional conflict in Africa, Southern Africa and the west in the post Nkometi period; The case of Mozambique.

Coker, C. (London School of Economics (GB))

1988-01-01

63

Assessing Climate Change Impacts for Military Installations in the Southwest United States During the Warm Season  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Arid and semi-arid regions are experiencing some of the most adverse impacts of climate change with increased heat waves, droughts, and extreme weather. These events will likely exacerbate socioeconomic and political instabilities in regions where the United States has vital strategic interests and ongoing military operations. The Southwest U.S. is strategically important in that it houses some of the most spatially expansive and important military installations in the country. The majority of severe weather events in the Southwest occur in association with the North American monsoon system (NAMS), and current observational record has shown a 'wet gets wetter and dry gets drier' global monsoon precipitation trend. We seek to evaluate the warm season extreme weather projection in the Southwest U.S., and how the extremes can affect Department of Defense (DoD) military facilities in that region. A baseline methodology is being developed to select extreme warm season weather events based on historical sounding data and moisture surge observations from Gulf of California. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)-type high resolution simulations will be performed for the extreme events identified from Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model simulations initiated from IPCC GCM and NCAR Reanalysis data in both climate control and climate change periods. The magnitude in extreme event changes will be analyzed, and the synoptic forcing patterns of the future severe thunderstorms will provide a guide line to assess if the military installations in the Southwest will become more or less susceptible to severe weather in the future.

Castro, C.

2013-05-01

64

Trauma Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Women in the United States Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expanding roles of women in the military, and the negative effect of military trauma, make their mental health a priority. This article reviews literature on military trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and the provision of mental health services among females in the U.S. military. The literature suggests that female military personnel experience three main types of trauma, and these are:

Josphine Chaumba; Brian E. Bride

2010-01-01

65

Evaluating the trade?off between military spending and investment in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using tests of a single equation model and cointegration techniques, this paper finds no evidence of a long run trade?off, and some evidence of a short?run trade?off, between military spending and investment in post?World War II United States data. The short?run trade?off is confined to the 1949–1971 period, and may be the result of the sharp expansion and contraction of

David Gold

1997-01-01

66

United States military involvement and the armed forces in the Dominican Republic, 1916 to 1966  

E-print Network

and apparently everlasting Trujillo dictatorship suddenly crumbled and social turmoil followed, culminating in civil war and military intervention by the United States (Gleijeses, 1978; Lowenthal, 1969). It has been indicated by Dickson, Jr. (1972... (or in the view of more traditional diplomats, outrageously interventionist), and nowhere were they more so than in the Dominican Republic. The Republic contained a number of trained Communist agents financed by the Soviet Union or Cuba...

Jimenez, Luis Augusto

1981-01-01

67

State institutions and social identity: National representation in soldiers' and civilians' interview talk concerning military service.  

PubMed

Theory and research deriving from social identity or self-categorization perspectives often starts out with the presumption that social actors necessarily view societal objects such as nations or states as human categories. However, recent work suggests that this may be only one of a number of forms that societal representation may take. For example, nations may be understood variously as peoples, places, or institutions. This paper presents findings from a qualitative interview study conducted in England, in which soldiers and civilians talked about nationhood in relation to military service. Analysis indicated that, in this context, speakers were often inclined to use the terms 'Britain', 'nation', and 'country' as references to a political institution as opposed to a category of people. In addition, there were systematic differences between the ways in which the two samples construed their nation in institutional terms. The civilians were inclined to treat military service as a matter of obedience to the dictates of the Government of the day. In contrast, the soldiers were more inclined to frame military service as a matter of loyalty to state as symbolically instantiated in the body of the sovereign. Implications for work adopting a social identity perspective are discussed. PMID:18793493

Gibson, Stephen; Condor, Susan

2009-06-01

68

Cigarette Prices in Military Retail: A Review and Proposal for Advancing Military Health Policy  

PubMed Central

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States (US) and has been demonstrated to significantly harm the combat readiness of military personnel. Unfortunately, recent research demonstrated that cigarettes are sold at substantial discounts in military retail outlets. In fact, the military is the only retailer which consistently loses money on tobacco. Cheap tobacco prices have been identified by enlisted personnel and Department of Defense health policy experts as promoting a culture of tobacco use in the US Military. This paper provides an analysis of why current military tobacco pricing policy has failed to eliminate cheap tobacco prices as an incentive for use. A rationale for increasing tobacco prices also is presented along with recommendations for improved military tobacco control policy. PMID:23756017

Haddock, Christopher K.; Jahnke, Sara A.; Poston, Walker S.C.; Williams, Larry N.

2013-01-01

69

Rage against the machine: The university-military-industrial complex and contemporary American culture and democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how five late twentieth and early twenty-first century authors – Don DeLillo, Rebekah Nathan, Richard Rodriguez, Jane Smiley, and Tom Wolfe – use one of their respective books to reflect on and shape what has come to be called the University-Military-Industrial Complex (UMIC). Specifically, it explores how different literary works interpret, instantiate, challenge and attempt to reconfigure

Andrew Karl Koch

2008-01-01

70

Measuring Sense of Community in the Military: Cross-Cultural Evidence for the Validity of the Brief Sense of Community Scale and Its Underlying Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present a German Sense of Community (SOC) Scale for use in military settings. The scale is based on the translation and field-testing of an existing U.S.-based measure of neighborhood SOC (Peterson, Speer, & McMillan, 2008). The methodological intricacies underlying cross-cultural scale development are highlighted, as…

Wombacher, Jorg; Tagg, Stephen K.; Burgi, Thomas; MacBryde, Jillian

2010-01-01

71

Challenges Faced by Military Families: Perceptions of United States Marine Corps School Liaisons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The global war on terror has placed a number of stressful demands on service members and their families. Although the military offers a wide range of services and supports to military families, not all families are willing or able to use them. For example, geographically dispersed families can find it challenging to connect with military support…

Aronson, Keith R.; Perkins, Daniel F.

2013-01-01

72

State Policymakers: Supporting Military Families with Children. Policy Briefing Series. Issue 15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing work and family responsibilities is particularly difficult for military families with children. While military life has always been demanding, in recent years an increasing number of military personnel in both the Active Duty Force and Selected Reserves have had to confront the additional demands of parenthood. Providing resources to…

Brown, Melissa; Lettieri, Chelsea

2008-01-01

73

Suicidal Ideation and Mental Distress Among Adults With Military Service History: Results From 5 US States, 2010  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress in a probability-based sample of adults. Methods. We gathered 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 5 states that asked about past-year suicidal ideation. Military service was defined as current or former active-duty service or National Guard or Reserves service. We stratified analyses into 18 to 39 years, 40 to 64 years, and 65 years and older age groups and used multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographic confounders, to discern the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. Results. Among the 26?736 respondents, 13.1% indicated military service history. After adjusting for several confounders, we found military history status among those aged 40 to 64 years was associated with both past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. We found no significant associations among the younger or older age groups. Conclusions. Differences in suicidal ideation between military and nonmilitary individuals may occur in midlife. Future research should examine the possibility of cohort effects, service era effects, or both. PMID:25100426

Gordon, Adam J.; Bossarte, Robert M.

2014-01-01

74

Optimization of Large-Scale Culture Conditions for the Production of Cordycepin with Cordyceps militaris by Liquid Static Culture  

PubMed Central

Cordycepin is one of the most important bioactive compounds produced by species of Cordyceps sensu lato, but it is hard to produce large amounts of this substance in industrial production. In this work, single factor design, Plackett-Burman design, and central composite design were employed to establish the key factors and identify optimal culture conditions which improved cordycepin production. Using these culture conditions, a maximum production of cordycepin was 2008.48?mg/L for 700?mL working volume in the 1000?mL glass jars and total content of cordycepin reached 1405.94?mg/bottle. This method provides an effective way for increasing the cordycepin production at a large scale. The strategies used in this study could have a wide application in other fermentation processes. PMID:25054182

Kang, Chao; Wen, Ting-Chi; Kang, Ji-Chuan; Meng, Ze-Bing; Li, Guang-Rong; Hyde, Kevin D.

2014-01-01

75

The yellow fever 17D vaccine and risk of malignant melanoma in the United States military.  

PubMed

Previous studies show that the tuberculosis and smallpox vaccine protect against melanoma because of sequence homologies they have with the melanoma antigen, HERV-K-MEL. The yellow fever 17D (YF 17D) vaccine is thought to have this property, so there is a possibility that the YF17D vaccine is able to protect against melanoma. This nested case-control study used the Defense Medical Surveillance System to assess the association between the YF17D vaccine and risk of malignant melanoma in active members of the United States military. Although point estimates hinted at a protective effect, none of the values reached a significant level. Therefore, this study concluded that in the ten year period following vaccination there is no association between the yellow fever 17D vaccine and risk of malignant melanoma in active members of the US armed forces. PMID:22561488

Hodges-Vazquez, Meredith; Wilson, James P; Hughes, Hayley; Garman, Patrick

2012-06-22

76

Cross-cultural and factorial validity of PTSD check list—military version (PCL-M) in Sinhalese language  

PubMed Central

Background There are currently no validated instruments to assess the burden of combat-related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Sinhalese—the main spoken language in Sri Lanka. Objective The purpose of this research was to establish the cross-cultural and structural validity of the PTSD Check List—Military Version (PCL-M) translated into Sinhalese. Methods Expert committee consensus generation as well as translation–back translation approaches were used to establish the semantic, conceptual, and content equivalence of the Sinhalese and English versions of the PCL-M. Four translations of each item were made. In the absence of any “gold standard” psychometric instrument in Sinhalese to establish the criterion validity for the PCL-M (SIN), the study utilized more informal checks for assessment of validity and Sri Lankan cutoffs for caseness for PTSD to establish the psychometric strength of the translated instrument along with standard reliability analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed on PCL-M scoring of a random sample of 1,586 soldiers to examine construct validity. Results Thirteen of the 17 items were selected by popular vote, and the remaining 4 through discussion and consensus. Reliability measured by Cronbach's-? was 0.944 for the total scale and 0.812, 0.869, and 0.895 for the three DSM-IV sub-scales (re-experiencing, avoidance/numbing, and hyperarousal), respectively. The desired cutoff point for the translated instrument was determined to be 44. The five-factor model by Elhai et al. and the four-factor model by King et al. fitted best, demonstrating good fit to all three fit indices, while the four-factor model and the DSM-IV three-factor model by Simms et al. only had acceptable levels of fit for root mean squared error of approximation. ?2 difference test comparing the two better-fitting models suggests that the five-factor model by Elhai et al. has the better fit. Conclusion The PCL-M (SIN) version is suitable for use in the study of PTSD in the Sri Lankan military forces, as judged by cross-cultural and construct validity as well as reliability. PMID:23412918

Semage, Saveen N.; Sivayogan, Sivagurunadan; Forbes, David; O'Donnell, Meaghan; Monaragala, Roshan M. M.; Lockwood, Emma; Dunt, David

2013-01-01

77

This article was downloaded by: [United States Military Academy], [William Kaczynski] On: 17 January 2012, At: 05:26  

E-print Network

a Piecewise-Linear Cumulative Distribution Function W. Kaczynski a , L. Leemis b , N. Loehr c & J. McQueston b this article: W. Kaczynski, L. Leemis, N. Loehr & J. McQueston (2012): Nonparametric Random Variate Generation , N. LOEHR3 , AND J. McQUESTON2 1 Department of Mathematical Sciences, United States Military Academy

Leemis, Larry

78

The Fort Lewis maternity care project: a pioneering program for enlisted military families in a Prewar Washington State Community.  

PubMed

The Fort Lewis maternity project begun in Tacoma, Washington in 1941, was considered a pioneering project that met the identified maternal/child health care needs of enlisted military families. From the outset, local medical leaders as well as Children's Bureau advisors intended that the project would provide physician-managed pregnancy as well as hospital births and that public health nursing would play a critical role in this maternal/child initiative. The project proved so successful that the model of care established under this program was reinterpreted to meet similar needs for military families in other states as America entered World War II. PMID:24892858

Powell, Nena J

2014-01-01

79

Structural Characterization and Biological Activities of a Novel Polysaccharide from Cultured Cordyceps militaris and Its Sulfated Derivative.  

PubMed

A novel polysaccharide (CMPA90-1; compound 1) was isolated from the cultured fruiting bodies of Cordyceps militaris. The chemical structure of compound 1 was elucidated by acid hydrolysis, periodate oxidation, Smith degradation, and methylation analysis, along with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, high-performance anion-exchange chromatography coupled with pulsed amperometric detection, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and one-dimensional [(1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)] and two-dimensional NMR (heteronuclear single-quantum coherence and heteronuclear multiple-bond correlation). Sulfation of compound 1 by the chlorosulfonic acid-pyridine (CSA-Pyr) method led to synthesis of its sulfated analogue (CMPA90-M1; compound 2). The ultrastructures of both compounds 1 and 2 were further characterized by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The results of antioxidant assays showed that compounds 1 and 2 exhibited free-radical-scavenging effects, ferrous-ion-chelating ability, and reducing power. Also, in the cytotoxicity assay, compounds 1 and 2 showed inhibitory activity against A549 cells, with IC50 values of 39.08 and 17.33 ?g/mL, respectively. PMID:25785351

Jing, Yongshuai; Zhu, Jianhua; Liu, Ting; Bi, Sixue; Hu, Xianjing; Chen, Zhiyan; Song, Liyan; Lv, Wenjie; Yu, Rongmin

2015-04-01

80

Melanogenesis effect of Cordyceps militaris culture broth on the melanin formation of B16F0 melanoma cells.  

PubMed

The effect of Cordyceps militaris culture broth (CMB) on melanogenesis in B16F0 melanoma cells was evaluated by measurement of the melanin concentration after 3 days of incubation. The B16F0 melanoma cells were treated with various concentrations of CMB 10-100 ?g/mL and arbutin of 200 ?M. Phenolic content and antioxidant activity of CMB were also measured. Phenolic content of CMB was 3.28?mg/g. The DPPH radical scavenging and ferric ion donating activities were 79.64% and 0.16, respectively. The melanin concentration and cell viability of melanoma cells by arbutin treatment decreased to 43% and 91% of the control, respectively. The CMB treatment showed a significant inhibitory effect of melanin production by 29%, 50%, and 56% at 50, 80, and 100 ?g/mL concentration treatment, respectively, while over 90% of cells were viable. The CMB treatment at 50, 80, and 100 ?g/mL concentrations in cultivation decreased extracellular melanin release induced by 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) treatment by 19%, 38%, and 48%, respectively. The CMB showed inhibitory activity against intracellular tyrosinase extracted from melanoma cells, while it had no inhibition on the activity of mushroom tyrosinase. The cellular glutathione contents were enhanced by CMB treatment in a concentration-dependent manner. These results suggested that CMB suppressed cellular tyrosinase activity and total melanin content in cultured B16F0 melanoma cells without any significant effects on cell proliferation and it might be candidate anti-melanogenic agent. PMID:21995600

Cha, Jae-Young; Yang, Hyun-Ju; Park, Mi-Yeon; Choi, Seung-Tae; Moon, Hyung-In; Cho, Young-Su

2011-10-13

81

Medicinal uses of the mushroom Cordyceps militaris: Current state and prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cordyceps militaris is a potential harbour of bio-metabolites for herbal drugs and evidences are available about its applications for revitalization of various systems of the body from ancient times. Amongst all the species, C. militaris is considered as the oldest source of some useful chemical constituents. Besides their popular applications for tonic medicine by the all stairs of the community,

Shonkor Kumar Das; Mina Masuda; Akihiko Sakurai; Mikio Sakakibara

2010-01-01

82

Development of New Repellents and Improved Permethrin-Treated Uniforms for the United States Military  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

History contains numerous examples of the impact of arthropod-borne illnesses on the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our US military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. Two components of the Department of Defense system for personal protect...

83

"The Second American School of Arms": the Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851  

E-print Network

officer's school, but as a multi-faceted institution created as a solution to a collection of social, economic, and educational problems. The Institute sought to develop educated and honorable men who would provide the state with a new class of productive...

Wineman, Bradford Alexander

2001-01-01

84

A New Generation of Women? How Female ROTC Cadets Negotiate the Tension between Masculine Military Culture and Traditional Femininity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inclusion of women in the U.S. military is generally understood as radically transforming traditional gender relations. Drawing from 38 interviews with women and men in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, I ask: how do women negotiate gender identities within the "masculine" military institution, and what types of transformations in their…

Silva, Jennifer M.

2008-01-01

85

Operation: Military Kids Volunteer and Citizenship Opportunities  

E-print Network

Operation: Military Kids Volunteer and Citizenship Opportunities Operation: Military Kids Program Overview The New Hampshire Operation: Military Kids (OMK) program partners with the military and community organizations across the state to raise awareness of the impact the deployment cycle has on military kids

New Hampshire, University of

86

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME II. WASTEWATER CHARACTERIZATION  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOGO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

87

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME III. WASTEWATER TREATMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOCO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

88

Emergence of solid state helmet-mounted displays in military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Helmet Mounted Displays (HMDs) are used to provide pilots with out-the-window capabilities for engaging tactical threats. The first modern system to be employed was the Apache Integrated Helmet Display Sighting System (IHADSS). Using an optical tracker and multiple sensors, the pilot is able to navigate and engage the enemy with his weapons systems cued by the HMD in day and night conditions. Over the next several years HMDs were tested on tactical jet aircraft. The tactical fighter environment - high G maneuvering and the possibility of ejection - created several problems regarding integration and head-borne weight. However, these problems were soon solved by American, British, Israeli, and Russian companies and are employed or in the process of employment aboard the respective countries' tactical aircraft. It is noteworthy that the current configuration employs both the Heads-Up Display (HUD) as well as the HMD. The new Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), however, will become the first tactical jet to employ only a HMD. HMDs have increasingly become part of the avionics and weapons systems of new aircraft and helicopter platforms. Their use however, is migrating to other military applications. They are currently under evaluation on Combat Vehicle platforms for driving tasks to target acquisition and designation tasks under near-all weather, 24-hour conditions. Their use also has penetrated the individual application such as providing data and situational awareness to the individual soldier; the U.S. Army's Land Warrior Program is an example of this technology being applied. Current HMD systems are CRT-based and have many short-comings, including weight, reliability. The emergence of new microelectronics and solid state image sources - Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) - however, has expanded the application of vision devices across all facets of military applications. Some of the greatest contributions are derived from the following Enabling Technologies, and it is upon those technologies and their applications to HMDs that this paper will address: ¸ Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Displays; improved response times, compensation films ¸ Sub-micron electronics ¸ Backlight Technology to address brightness issues across the spectrum of operations ¸ Distortion Correction to compensate for optical aberrations in near-real time.

Casey, Curtis J.

2002-08-01

89

Menthol cigarette pricing at military and community retail outlets in the United States  

PubMed Central

Background Cigarette prices at military exchanges historically have been discounted. DoD Instruction 1330.9 has mandated that prices be within 5% of the price offered in the local community since 2001. Because minorities are highly represented in the military, we determined whether menthol cigarette prices, the leading choice of African Americans, were compliant with the instruction. Methods We collected, via telephone, menthol cigarette price data from 48 randomly selected US military installation exchanges and matched local area Walmarts. We collected prices after taxes to determine the cost to consumer. Newport was selected as the index brand for menthol cigarettes because it is the leading and second leading brand smoked by African Americans and by Hispanics, respectively and has the second overall highest market share in the US. Results Smokers purchasing menthols at exchanges would realize average savings of 22.78%. There were no significant differences in savings based on military service (F?=?1.850, p?=?0.152) or US Census Division (F?=?1.226, p?=?0.311: data not shown). In addition, not a single exchange price was compliant with the DoD instruction. Conclusions Newport menthol cigarettes at military exchanges cost substantially less than the nearest Walmart, with an average savings of 23%. Our findings demonstrate that menthol cigarettes are substantially discounted on military installations, in a manner similar to other cigarette prices, and that DoD Instruction 1330.09 is not enforced. PMID:22938755

2012-01-01

90

31 CFR 576.511 - Property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF...by the military forces of the United...by the military forces of the United...or operational control of the commander...come under the control of the military forces of the United...

2013-07-01

91

31 CFR 576.511 - Property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF...by the military forces of the United...by the military forces of the United...or operational control of the commander...come under the control of the military forces of the United...

2014-07-01

92

31 CFR 576.511 - Property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF...by the military forces of the United...by the military forces of the United...or operational control of the commander...come under the control of the military forces of the United...

2011-07-01

93

31 CFR 576.511 - Property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF...by the military forces of the United...by the military forces of the United...or operational control of the commander...come under the control of the military forces of the United...

2012-07-01

94

Tuberculosis as a force health protection threat to the United States military.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that poses a threat to force health protection to the U.S. military. The rate of TB disease in the military is low; however, there are unique challenges for its control in this setting. As a low-risk population, TB testing in the U.S. military can be scaled back from the universal testing approach used previously. Reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) present at accession into service is the most important factor leading to TB disease; therefore, its diagnosis and treatment among recruits should be given a high priority. Deployment and overseas military service is an uncommon but important source of TB infection, and rigorous surveillance should be ensured. Case management of TB disease and LTBI can be improved by the use of cohort reviews at the service and installation levels and case finding and delays in the diagnosis of TB disease can be improved by education of providers, as well as increased use of molecular diagnostic tests. Program outcomes can be improved by making LTBI treatment compulsory, offering shorter treatment regimens, and increasing accountability through oversight and evaluation. The diagnosis of LTBI can be improved by implementing targeted testing in all settings and reducing confirmatory interferon-gamma release assay testing. PMID:25735017

Sanchez, Jose L; Sanchez, Joyce L; Cooper, Michael J; Hiser, Michelle J; Mancuso, James D

2015-03-01

95

Demographic study of military selection in the state of Ohio, 1917-1919  

E-print Network

This thesis studies the influence of ethnicity, nationality, and occupation upon military selection of the residents of Ohio during the First World War. This is a quantitative study, based on a data set constructed from samples of the 1910 and 1920...

Saberian, Michael Reza

2006-04-12

96

Analysis of the Effects of Individual Differences on Cognitive Performance for the Development of Military Socio-Cultural Performance Moderators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological devices are ubiquitous in nearly every facet of society. There are substantial investments made in organizations on a daily basis to improve information technology. From a military perspective, the ultimate goal of these highly sophisticated devices is to assist soldiers in achieving mission success across dynamic and often chaotic…

Bagley, Katherine G.

2012-01-01

97

A New Generation of Women?: How Female ROTC Cadets Negotiate the Tension between Masculine Military Culture and Traditional Femininity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inclusion of women in the U.S. military is generally understood as radically transforming traditional gender relations. Drawing from 38 interviews with women and men in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, I ask: how do women negotiate gender identities within the \\

Jennifer M. Silva

2008-01-01

98

Military Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress' Research Center of Military Legal Resources contains, among other publications, the Military Law Review. The Military Law Review has been published quarterly since 1958, and is meant to be used by military attorneys in their work and "'provides a forum for those interested in military law to share the products of their experience and research.'" Visitors should also note that most of the issues from 1958 to 2008 are available for general perusal. Each issue of the journal contains both articles and book reviews. An article in the Winter 2008 issue, entitled "Crossing the Line: Reconciling the Right to Picket Military Funerals With the First Amendment", is a very accessible article about the constitutionality of state and federal funeral picketing laws. Visitors interested in learning about the school that provides military legal education, and where the Military Law Review is published, should click on the link "The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia", in the first paragraph on the homepage

99

The Barracks Subculture of Military School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The subcultures that develop among military students have a powerful influence on their values and behavior, and in some situations are more influential than the official, military culture. Any attempt to improve levels of discipline in the military cannot afford to ignore these subcultures. [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.

Poliakov, R. Iu.

2011-01-01

100

Military Tobacco Policies: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly  

PubMed Central

The United States military has the legacy of a pro-tobacco culture and still has prevalence rates of tobacco use that are higher than their civilian counterparts. One tactic for decreasing use and the subsequent health problems is through effective tobacco control policies. We collected available tobacco control policies from all four branches of the military and, through qualitative analysis, identified policies that were unique either as providing more or less detail and restriction than peer group policies. Best and worst practice policies in the areas of enforcement, smoking cessation, smokeless tobacco use, environmental tobacco smoke, framing tobacco as non-normative, designated tobacco use areas, and monitoring of tobacco use are presented. Because policy making can be an effective tool for improving the health of military members, understanding what policy components are comparatively positive or negative is an important tool for health advocates both in the military and civilian settings. PMID:22338352

Jahnke, Sara A.; Hoffman, Kevin M.; Haddock, C. Keith; Long, Mark A. D.; Williams, CAPT Larry N.; Lando, Harry A.; Carlos Poston, W. S.

2012-01-01

101

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE State Theatre, Rutgers Equine Science Center, Special Strides, and Office of Veterans and Military  

E-print Network

of Veterans and Military Programs and Services present a screening of the award-winning film RIDING MY WAY Strides, Rutgers Equine Science Center, and Office of Veterans and Military Programs and Services present of Veterans and Military Programs and Services, Rutgers Equine Science Center, and Special Strides. RIDING MY

Goodman, Robert M.

102

Biofilms and persistent wound infections in United States military trauma patients: a case–control analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Complex traumatic injuries sustained by military personnel, particularly when involving extremities, often result in infectious complications and substantial morbidity. One factor that may further impair patient recovery is the persistence of infections. Surface-attached microbial communities, known as biofilms, may play a role in hindering the management of infections; however, clinical data associating biofilm formation with persistent or chronic infections are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the production of bacterial biofilms as a potential risk factor for persistent infections among wounded military personnel. Methods Bacterial isolates and clinical data from military personnel with deployment-related injuries were collected through the Trauma Infectious Disease Outcomes Study. The study population consisted of patients with diagnosed skin and soft-tissue infections. Cases (wounds with bacterial isolates of the same organism collected 14 days apart) were compared to controls (wounds with non-recurrent bacterial isolates), which were matched by organism and infectious disease syndrome. Potential risk factors for persistent infections, including biofilm formation, were examined in a univariate analysis. Data are expressed as odds ratios (OR; 95% confidence interval [CI]). Results On a per infected wound basis, 35 cases (representing 25 patients) and 69 controls (representing 60 patients) were identified. Eight patients with multiple wounds were utilized as both cases and controls. Overall, 235 bacterial isolates were tested for biofilm formation in the case–control analysis. Biofilm formation was significantly associated with infection persistence (OR: 29.49; CI: 6.24-infinity) in a univariate analysis. Multidrug resistance (OR: 5.62; CI: 1.02-56.92), packed red blood cell transfusion requirements within the first 24 hours (OR: 1.02; CI: 1.01-1.04), operating room visits prior to and on the date of infection diagnosis (OR: 2.05; CI: 1.09-4.28), anatomical location of infected wound (OR: 5.47; CI: 1.65-23.39), and occurrence of polymicrobial infections (OR: 69.71; CI: 15.39-infinity) were also significant risk factors for persistent infections. Conclusions We found that biofilm production by clinical strains is significantly associated with the persistence of wound infections. However, the statistical power of the analysis was limited due to the small sample size, precluding a multivariate analysis. Further data are needed to confirm biofilm formation as a risk factor for persistent wound infections. PMID:24712544

2014-01-01

103

A Framework for Developing Management Goals for Species at Risk and Application to Military Installations in the United States  

SciTech Connect

A decision framework for setting management goals for species at risk is presented. Species at risk are those whose potential future rarity is of concern. Listing these species as threatened or endangered could potentially result in significant restrictions to activities in resource management areas in order to maintain those species. The management areas in the example application are United States (US) military installations, which are concerned about potential restrictions to military training capacity if species at risk become regulated under the US Endangered Species Act. The decision framework, designed to foster proactive management, has nine steps: identify species at risk on and near the management area, describe available information and potential information gaps for each species, determine the potential distribution of species and their habitat, select metrics for describing species status, assess the status of local population or metapopulation, conduct threat assessment, set and prioritize management goals, develop species management plans, and develop criteria for ending special species management where possible. This framework will aid resource managers in setting management goals that minimally impact human activities while reducing the likelihood that species at risk will become rare in the near future. The benefits of the proactive management set forth in this formal decision framework are that it is impartial, provides a clear procedure, calls for identification of causal relationships that may not be obvious, provides a way to target the most urgent needs, reduces costs, enhances public confidence, and, most importantly, decreases the chance of species becoming more rare.

Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Jager, Yetta [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Westervelt, James D. [ERDC-CERL

2009-01-01

104

Military issues.  

PubMed

This article reviews of some of the lessons in trauma psychiatry learned by the US military through wartime and other trauma experiences during the past century. Current practice in the military's employment of stress control teams is reviewed. The military's efforts to prevent and limit psychological casualties, to include the care of battle casualties and prisoners of war (POWs), are addressed. Recent experiences that have informed further, and are shaping the military's approach to managing the psychological aftermath of trauma (such as the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the Pentagon and the current war with Iraq) are included. Guidelines developed after 9/11, and articulated in the "Mass Violence and Early Intervention" conference are presented. Finally, current ideas on preparation for and intervention after weapons of mass destruction will be outlined. PMID:15325487

Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron; Owens, Mark

2004-09-01

105

Explaining civil-military relations in Southeast Asia  

E-print Network

Civil-military relations describe the interactions and balance of power between the civilians and the military in a nation state. Due to the organizational apparatus and capacity for forcible coercion that the military ...

Kwok, Jia-Chuan

2010-01-01

106

78 FR 3325 - Appointing Authority for Military Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Secretary 32 CFR Part 18 Appointing Authority for Military Commissions AGENCY: Department of Defense...18 concerning the Appointing Authority for Military Commissions. This rule pertains to a military function of the United States and is...

2013-01-16

107

Diversity and distribution of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in a military area in the state of Amazonas, Brazil  

PubMed Central

This study reports the distribution, ecotopes and fauna diversity of sandflies captured in five training bases on a military reserve in Manaus, state of Amazonas (AM). A total of 10,762 specimens were collected, which were distributed among 58 species, with the highest number recorded at Base Instruction 1 (BI1). A higher rate of species richness was found at the Base Instruction Boina Rajada and low levels of diversity associated with a high abundance index with the clear dominance of Lutzomyia umbratilis, Lutzomyia ruii and Lutzomyia anduzei were found at BI1. The abundance of Lu. umbratilis raises the possibility of outbreaks of American cutaneous leishmaniasis by the main vector of the disease in AM. PMID:23903983

Gomes, Luís Henrique Monteiro; Albuquerque, Maria Ivonei Carvalho; da Rocha, Liliane Coelho; Pinheiro, Francimeire Gomes; Franco, Antonia Maria Ramos

2013-01-01

108

The military lens : doctrinal differences, misperception, and deterrence failure in Sino-American relations  

E-print Network

Nations, because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures can have dramatically different beliefs about the nature of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. This dissertation ...

Twomey, Christopher P

2005-01-01

109

Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on “wounded warriors,” most military undergraduates are not physically or psychologically disabled and can be stigmatized by the

Ted C. Bonar; Paula L. Domenici

2011-01-01

110

Consequences of Making Weight: A Review of Eating Disorder Symptoms and Diagnoses in the United States Military  

PubMed Central

Eating disorders are serious psychiatric illnesses associated with health problems. Such problems may compromise military performance, highlighting the need to establish the level of eating pathology that exists in military samples. This article qualitatively reviews prevalence estimates of eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses in military samples, providing nonmilitary estimates for context. Findings suggest that eating disorder symptoms are prevalent in cadets and active duty service members, especially when using self-report measures. The increased salience of weight in the military and increased exposure to trauma may influence risk for eating disorders. Alternatively, individuals at risk for eating disorders may self-select into the military. Overall, this review suggests that eating disorder symptoms are common in military samples and that further research is warranted. PMID:25642105

Bodell, Lindsay; Forney, Katherine Jean; Keel, Pamela; Gutierrez, Peter; Joiner, Thomas E.

2015-01-01

111

Hydrochemical state of intermediate culture pond for Chinese prawn juveniles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study deals with the hydrochemical state and management measures for the intermediate culture pond for Chinese prawn ( Penaeus orientalis) juveniles. The test result showed that the intermediate culture of Chinese prawn juvenile can be advanced to around March 20 in the Shanghai area if they are cultured in ponds in simple greenhouses of plastic knitting cloth. The density of juveniles introduced was about 35 million per hectare, survival was up to 55%.

Zang, Wei-Ling; Zhang, Jian-Da; Dai, Xi-Lin; Zhu, Zheng-Guo; Xu, Gui-Rong; Song, Lin-Hua; Li, Shi-Hua

1996-03-01

112

CLAM CULTURE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR  

E-print Network

CLAM CULTURE IN JAPAN UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE LEAFLET FL AND WILDLIFE SERV"ICE, Albert M. Day, Director Washington 25, D. C. CLAM CULTURE IN JAPAN Leaflet FL-399 t 32 33 3 3 36 37 38 3P 40 4 1 42 43 44 4'46 144· 3. · #12;CLAM CULTURE I N JAPAB by A. R. Cahn #12

113

Bibliography of Women: A Survey of Women Past and Present as Reflected by the Holdings of the United States Military Academy Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication of this bibliography on "Women" is an appropriate event in that it closely follows the passage of the law which for the first time permits women to enter the United States Military Academy in its 173 year history. Over 500 titles are presently extant in the USMA Library collection on the subject of women, representing woman's role…

Earl, Martha M., Comp.

114

14 CFR Sfar No. 100 - 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United States in Support of U.S. Armed Forces Operations No. SFAR No. 100 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS Pt. 61, SFAR 100-2 SFAR No. 100-2—Relief for U.S. Military and...

2011-01-01

115

Drug Abuse among Military Offenders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of military offenders' drug abuse histories, both prior to and after entry on active duty, was conducted at the United States Army Retraining Brigade in the fall of 1975. Results indicate that a substantial number of trainees began to abuse drugs prior to entering the military. (Author)

Ratliff, Bascom W.; Eads, Jerry

1978-01-01

116

Assisting Children and Families with Military-Related Disruptions: The United States Marine Corps School Liaison Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military families face a number of unique challenges, including frequent relocations and school transitions, as well as extended separations from loved ones. The military, schools, and communities have been working together to build the capacity of children, youth, and families to successfully cope with the stressors they encounter. Most branches…

Aronson, Keith R.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Perkins, Daniel F.; Pasch, Kenneth W.

2011-01-01

117

SPECIES PROFILE: BACHMAN'S SPARROW (AIMOPHILA AESTIVALIS) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES.  

EPA Science Inventory

The Bachman's sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis) is a small ground-nesting sparrow that is endemic to the southeastern United States. The former breeding range extended into the midwestern and northeastern States but has contracted to its current general limits of North Carolina, Ken...

118

SPECIES PROFILE: HENSLOW'S SPARROW (AMMODRAMUS HENSLOWII) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The Henslow's sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii) is a small passerine bird that breeds in the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada and winters in the mid-Atlantic and Gulf Coast States. Its breeding range extends from New England and southern Ontario through the G...

119

forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1500 April 2001 Edited. Zeidler CEMML TPS 01-8 Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands Colorado State UniversityTHECENTER CEMML TPS 01-8 forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL

120

Native American History, Culture Gaining Traction in State Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, the Montana Constitution has made preservation of American Indian culture an explicit educational goal. Educators did little about it until 2004, when the state supreme court ruled that Montana had ignored its responsibility to teach about the state's seven tribes. That ruling jump-started an effort that has yielded curriculum…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2008-01-01

121

A ugust 2012 Defending the "Penn State Culture"  

E-print Network

for extraordinary action." It's time for us to take a look at what the true Penn State culture is. In its message to the Penn State Family on July 27, the Alumni Association's Executive Board struck back: "We take serious Commonwealth Campus system, providing local access and opportunity where none existed before. Long before

Maroncelli, Mark

122

SPECIES PROFILE: SOUTHERN HOGNOSE SNAKE (HETERODON SIMUS) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The southern hognose snake (Heterodon simus) is the smallest of the hognose snakes, occurring in the southeastern United States, from southeastern North Carolina to South & Central Florida and west to Southern Mississippi and Southeastern Louisiana. The species is a former candid...

123

SPECIES PROFILE: EASTERN INDIGO SNAKE (DTYMARCHON CORAIS COUPERI) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The eastern indigo snake (Dtymarchon corais couperi) is an uncommon, large-bodied snake occurring in the southeastern United States, primarily in southern Alabama and Georgia and most of Florida. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed the species as Federally threatened in 197...

124

SPECIES PROFILE: WOOD STORK (MYCTERIA AMERICANA) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The wood stork (Mycteria americana) is a large colonial wading bird that breeds in a variety of wetland habitats. Its current range extends from southern South Carolina through Florida and from Mexico to northern Argentina, but populations in the United States are disjunct from t...

125

SPECIES PROFILE: SOUTHEASTERN MYOTIS (MYOTIS AUSTRORIPARIUS) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The southeastern myotis (Myotis austroriparius) is a medium-sized bat with grayish-brown, woolly fur. This species primarily is found in the southeastern United States. Its range extends from southeastern North Carolina south to peninsular Florida, west to eastern Texas and Oklah...

126

UNITED STATES MILITARY ARTILLERY FOR AVALANCHE CONTROL PROGRAM: A BRIEF HISTORY IN TIME  

Microsoft Academic Search

The USDA Forest Service initiated avalanche control and forecasting in the United States. The Forest Service manages large tracts of publicly owned land called National Forests and they permit certain activities and businesses on those lands. The Forest Service began permitting ski areas on National Forests in 1938 when they issued a special use permit to Alta Ski Area in

Doug Abromeit

127

SPECIES PROFILE: LEAST TERN (STERNA ANTILLARUM), INTERIOR POPULATION, ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The least tern (Sterna antillarum) is a neotropical migrant species that primarily breeds along coastal waterways of the United States and winters in Central and South America. The interior population of the least tern was listed as Federally endangered in 1985 by the U.S. Fish a...

128

Examining the relationship between coping strategies and suicidal desire in a sample of United States military personnel.  

PubMed

Suicidal desire in the military has been previously examined through the lens of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS). However, no research has examined the impact of specific coping strategies on perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicidal ideation in a large population of individuals serving in the US military. Furthermore, the factor structure of previously utilized coping clusters did not apply to our sample of military personnel. Therefore, we found a three-factor solution to be tested in this sample. We hypothesized that specific types of coping behavior clusters (Adaptive and Maladaptive) would predict both IPTS constructs and suicidal ideation. Results indicated that Adaptive and Maladaptive coping clusters predicted the IPTS constructs in the hypothesized directions. However, only the Maladaptive cluster predicted suicidal ideation. These findings implicate the need for further research and suicide prevention efforts focusing on coping strategies, specifically those that are maladaptive in nature, in relation to suicidal ideation in military members. PMID:25480664

Khazem, Lauren R; Law, Keyne C; Green, Bradley A; Anestis, Michael D

2015-02-01

129

Assessing the state of organizational safety—culture or climate?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the concepts of safety culture and safety climate in an attempt to determine which is the more useful\\u000a for describing an organization's “state of safety.” From a review of the literature purporting to measure safety culture or\\u000a safety climate, it is argued that, although the two terms are often interchangeable, they are actually distinct but related\\u000a concepts

Kathryn J. Mearns; Rhona Flin

1999-01-01

130

Metabolic flux analysis of hybridoma continuous culture steady state multiplicity.  

PubMed

Physiological state multiplicity was observed in continuous cultures of the hybridoma cell line ATCC CRL-1606 cultivated in glutamine-limited steady state chemostats. At the same dilution rate (0.04 h-1), two physiologically different cultures were obtained which exhibited similar growth rates and viabilities but drastically different cell concentrations (7.36 x 10(5) and 1.36 x 10(6) cells/mL). Metabolic flux analysis conducted using metabolite and gas exchange rate measurements revealed a more efficient culture for the steady state with the higher cell concentration, as measured by the fraction of pyruvate carbon flux shuttled into the TCA cycle for energy generation. The low-efficiency steady state was achieved after innoculation by growing the cells in a nutrient rich environment, first in batch mode followed by a stepwise increase of the dilution rate to its set point at 0.04 h-1. The high-efficiency steady state was achieved by reducing the dilution rate to progressively lower values to 0.01 h-1 resulting in conditions of stricter nutrient limitation. The high energetic efficiency attained under such conditions was preserved upon increasing the chemostat dilution rate back to 0.04 h-1 with a higher nutrient consumption, resulting in approximate doubling of the steady state cell concentration. This metabolic adaptation is unlikely due to favorable genetic mutations and could be implemented for improving cell culture performance by inducing cellular metabolic shifts to more efficient flux distribution patterns. PMID:10397824

Follstad, B D; Balcarcel, R R; Stephanopoulos, G; Wang, D I

1999-06-20

131

Simulation of advective flow under steady-state and transient recharge conditions, Camp Edwards, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey has developed several ground-water models in support of an investigation of ground-water contamination being conducted by the Army National Guard Bureau at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts Military Reservation on western Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Regional and subregional steady-state models and regional transient models were used to (1) improve understanding of the hydrologic system, (2) simulate advective transport of contaminants, (3) delineate recharge areas to municipal wells, and (4) evaluate how model discretization and time-varying recharge affect simulation results. A water-table mound dominates ground-water-flow patterns. Near the top of the mound, which is within Camp Edwards, hydraulic gradients are nearly vertically downward and horizontal gradients are small. In downgradient areas that are further from the top of the water-table mound, the ratio of horizontal to vertical gradients is larger and horizontal flow predominates. The steady-state regional model adequately simulates advective transport in some areas of the aquifer; however, simulation of ground-water flow in areas with local hydrologic boundaries, such as ponds, requires more finely discretized subregional models. Subregional models also are needed to delineate recharge areas to municipal wells that are inadequately represented in the regional model or are near other pumped wells. Long-term changes in recharge rates affect hydraulic heads in the aquifer and shift the position of the top of the water-table mound. Hydraulic-gradient directions do not change over time in downgradient areas, whereas they do change substantially with temporal changes in recharge near the top of the water-table mound. The assumption of steady-state hydraulic conditions is valid in downgradient area, where advective transport paths change little over time. In areas closer to the top of the water-table mound, advective transport paths change as a function of time, transient and steady-state paths do not coincide, and the assumption of steady-state conditions is not valid. The simulation results indicate that several modeling tools are needed to adequately simulate ground-water flow at the site and that the utility of a model varies according to hydrologic conditions in the specific areas of interest.

Walter, Donald A.; Masterson, John P.

2003-01-01

132

Cultural Immersion in Indonesia through Pancasila: State Ideology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers guidelines for Westerners seeking to gain an understanding of Indonesian culture. Explains the five principles or Silas of Pancasila, which serves as both the state ideology and civil religion of Indonesia. Considers other sources of the country's value system. Discusses the implications of Pancasila for Westerners conducting business in…

Fitch, Robert M.; Webb, Sheila Anne

1989-01-01

133

The Many Faces of Military Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military recreation offers many diverse programs similar to those found in commercial, school, industrial, and public recreational facilities. These programs include not only sports events and athletic competitions but also cultural activities and live entertainment. (JN)

Schaefer, George C.

1980-01-01

134

DEPLOYMENT & THE MILITARY FAMILY  

E-print Network

1 DEPLOYMENT & THE MILITARY FAMILY NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY FAMILY MEMBERS: THE FLEET AND FAMILY SUPPORT CENTER ................. 3 II. POINTS OF CONTACT (POC).............................................................................................. 3 III. HEALTH & MENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY

135

Characteristics of the Social Status of Students at Military Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the motivations of Russian college students in military training centers and military departments, and cadets enrolled in military service academies shows that the first two occupy a marginal position. This is reflected in the ambiguity of their status and the fact that they are at the interface between two cultures, manifested in…

Karlova, E. N.

2013-01-01

136

Introduction to Military Medicine: A Brief Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military medicine encompasses the entire spectrum of health caredfrom prenatal to end-of-life care. World-class, cutting-edge research, equipment, facilities, and education are all part of the military health care system of the United States of America. What makes United States military medicine unique, however, is the ability to project and sustain this care to soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines in virtually

Stephen P. Hetz

2006-01-01

137

Unlocking insights about military children and families.  

PubMed

As this issue of the Future of Children makes clear, we have much yet to learn about military children and their families. A big part of the reason, write Anita Chandra and Andrew London, is that we lack sufficiently robust sources of data. Until we collect more and better data about military families, Chandra and London say, we will not be able to study the breadth of their experiences and sources of resilience, distinguish among subgroups within the diverse military community, or compare military children with their civilian counterparts. After surveying the available sources of data and explaining what they are lacking and why, Chandra and London make several recommendations. First, they say, major longitudinal national surveys, as well as administrative data systems (for example, in health care and in schools), should routinely ask about children's connections to the military, so that military families can be flagged in statistical analyses. Second, questions on national surveys and psychological assessments should be formulated and calibrated for military children to be certain that they resonate with military culture. Third, researchers who study military children should consider adopting a life-course perspective, examining children from birth to adulthood as they and their families move through the transitions of military life and into or out of the civilian world. PMID:25518698

Chandra, Anita; London, Andrew S

2013-01-01

138

Military specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

Reynolds, Philip

1987-01-01

139

Multiplicity of Steady States in Glycolysis and Shift of Metabolic State in Cultured Mammalian Cells  

PubMed Central

Cultured mammalian cells exhibit elevated glycolysis flux and high lactate production. In the industrial bioprocesses for biotherapeutic protein production, glucose is supplemented to the culture medium to sustain continued cell growth resulting in the accumulation of lactate to high levels. In such fed-batch cultures, sometimes a metabolic shift from a state of high glycolysis flux and high lactate production to a state of low glycolysis flux and low lactate production or even lactate consumption is observed. While in other cases with very similar culture conditions, the same cell line and medium, cells continue to produce lactate. A metabolic shift to lactate consumption has been correlated to the productivity of the process. Cultures that exhibited the metabolic shift to lactate consumption had higher titers than those which didn’t. However, the cues that trigger the metabolic shift to lactate consumption state (or low lactate production state) are yet to be identified. Metabolic control of cells is tightly linked to growth control through signaling pathways such as the AKT pathway. We have previously shown that the glycolysis of proliferating cells can exhibit bistability with well-segregated high flux and low flux states. Low lactate production (or lactate consumption) is possible only at a low glycolysis flux state. In this study, we use mathematical modeling to demonstrate that lactate inhibition together with AKT regulation on glycolysis enzymes can profoundly influence the bistable behavior, resulting in a complex steady-state topology. The transition from the high flux state to the low flux state can only occur in certain regions of the steady state topology, and therefore the metabolic fate of the cells depends on their metabolic trajectory encountering the region that allows such a metabolic state switch. Insights from such switch behavior present us with new means to control the metabolism of mammalian cells in fed-batch cultures. PMID:25806512

Grimm, Simon; Daoutidis, Prodromos; Hu, Wei-Shou

2015-01-01

140

Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on "wounded…

Bonar, Ted C.; Domenici, Paula L.

2011-01-01

141

75 FR 434 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle...repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), University of...

2010-01-05

142

Partnerships with Business, Industry, and the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Workforce Education and Development Off-Campus Degree Program of Southern Illinois University-Carbondale allows military and civilian students to complete bachelor of science degrees in education with a major in work force education and development at 1 civilian site and 16 military bases throughout the United States. Approximately 1,000…

Hall, Shirley L.

143

LOCATIONS OF MILITARY WASTE SITES IN ALASKA  

EPA Science Inventory

This map shows locations of contaminated and non-contaminated military waste sites, Alaska Native Villages, Native Corporation boundaries, and Traditional Land-Use areas (Artic Slope region only). The entire state is shown plus identification of all military sites currently being...

144

TRICARE, Military Health System  

MedlinePLUS

... a Doctor Book Appointments Getting Care When Traveling Military Hospitals and Clinics Multi-Service Markets Network Providers ... of TRICARE Coverage Get Dental Care View My Military Health Record Less TRICARE News TRICARE’s Beneficiary Web ...

145

British military forensic psychiatry.  

PubMed

Military psychiatry has recently generated a lot of interest. In contrast there is virtually no literature on military forensic psychiatry. The first section of the paper is a brief review of British military psychiatric services and recent data on the prevalence of mental illness in British armed forces personnel. The second section summarizes the relevant aspects of the British military judicial and penal systems including the practice of summary justice, the court martial system, and sentencing and corrective training. The third section of the paper addresses issues which are particular to forensic psychiatry, including mental defences in relation to the military, the military offences of malingering and impersonation, risk assessment in military contexts and the notion of 'temperamental unsuitability' to military service. PMID:15176622

Turner, Mark A; Neal, Leigh A

2004-04-01

146

Childhood Ideology in the United States: A Comparative Cultural View  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Childhood ideology functions in each nation as a complex of ideas about what children are like and how best to teach and socialise them. One important domain of childhood ideology concerns ideas and practices related to children's development and behaviour management. Drawing from an analysis of popular childrearing magazines and early childhood education materials in the United States, this cultural study describes contemporary American mainstream beliefs concerning children's early emotional and behavioural development. In particular, the paper explores themes of emotional expression, autonomy, individuality, power, and consumerism. Some comparisons with Japanese views on child development and emotional/behavioural socialisation are also made. The paper suggests that popular ideas and techniques of emotional and behavioural management in the United States in both families and early childcare environments reflect a dominant ideology of children that has potentially negative consequences for children's welfare. Furthermore, childhood ideologies, while retaining culturally specific values and ideas neither remain static nor exist in isolation from one another. The paper questions the global diffusion of a Western-style professionalised discourse of child psychology that may not be applicable to all nations and their children.

Hoffman, Diane M.

2003-03-01

147

An Aspect on the School Culture in Turkey and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to get a better understanding on school culture in the United States and Turkey. In this quantitative investigation, data were collected using the "School Culture Inventory" from 157 teachers in Izmir, Turkey and 161 teachers in the United States. The findings show that both countries have a positive culture. A…

Sahin, Semiha

2011-01-01

148

Space and the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter began by providing a foundation to analyze military space issues by discussing three ways to describe spacepower: space activity sectors (civil, commercial, intelligence, and defense); military space mission areas (space support, force enhancement, space control, and force application); and military space doctrines (sanctuary, survivability, control, and high ground). It then briefly described the major organizations that are stakeholders

Peter Hays

149

Military Risk Assessment  

E-print Network

Military Risk Assessment: From Conventional Warfare to Counter Insurgency Operations C.W. Johnson 8 reserved. ISBN 978-0-85261-933-9 #12;Military Risk Assessment 3 Contents 1 An Introduction to Military Risk Management ............................................. 10 1.1 Risk Management Processes in MIL STD 882D

Williamson, John

150

Cultural impacts on public perceptions of agricultural biotechnology: comparison between South Korea and the United States  

E-print Network

foods; 2. Examine culture's impact on knowledge, including different cultural approaches to research; and 3. Compare recent findings of a bi-national public opinion survey on GM comparing in South Korea and the United States. The proposed research...

Nader, Richard Harrison

2007-04-25

151

Soviet Military Awards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After the fall of the Soviet Union in the winter of 1991, thousands of items of Cold War paraphernalia found ready markets across the world, including the United States. High school and college students were now able to purchase the heavy wool jackets of Soviet and East German troops, and military buffs were able to acquire a number of patches, medals, and other items. The medals were often highly prized, and whether people understood the iconography and symbolism or not, they sought them out just the same. Fortunately for those interested in the wide world of Soviet military awards, there is this fine site which offers photographs and information about the various medals and their respective honors. With over 50 medals on the site, visitors can learn about the Order of October Revolution, the Pilot-Cosmonaut of USSR, and the rather curious Medal for Development of Virgin Lands, which commemorates the "young soviets" who relocated to Siberia, the Volga region, and northern Caucasus. For those whose interest is piqued by this material, there is also a newsletter that visitors can look through online.

152

From ‘business culture’ to ‘brand state’: conceptions of nation and culture in business literature on cultural difference  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines changing conceptions of culture and nation in business literature from the early 1990s to the present. In the early 1990s the growth of literature concerned with depicting the cultural differences between national varieties of capitalism and business systems seemingly betokened an interest in diversity in the business world. This seeming interest in cultural diversity, however, concealed an

Robert Halsall

2008-01-01

153

Pending crisis in Russian civil military relations  

SciTech Connect

A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the question is not how the civilian leadership can keep the military out of politics, but how the military can keep the leadership from politicizing the armed forces. The Russian military has no interest in resolving Russia`s domestic political problems. It is a professional military that prefers to leave politics to the politicians, and to carry out its mission of defending the nation against external attack. But the lack of responsible central leadership and the poor state of the economy are driving the military toward involvement in domestic politics if for no other reason than to ensure its own survival.

Ball, D.Y.

1997-10-01

154

77 FR 1629 - Authorization To Use Lower Than Standard Takeoff, Approach and Landing Minimums at Military and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Takeoff, Approach and Landing Minimums at Military and Foreign Airports AGENCY: Federal...flight rules (IFR) airport operations at military airports or outside the United States...at domestic civilian, foreign, and military airports when authorized to do so....

2012-01-11

155

Intermountain West Military Training Lands Planting Guide: Selecting Seed Mixtures for Actively Used Military Lands  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This guide provides recommendations on plant materials for Department of Defense (DoD) training land restoration at military facilities in the Intermountain West of the United States. These guidelines fill a gap in knowledge in the science of military land management; there are no other guides for ...

156

The 29th Annual Hurley Military History Seminar Military History Center  

E-print Network

The 29th Annual Hurley Military History Seminar Military History Center University of North Texas 8. Zinni, a retired four-star General of the United States Marine Corps and former Commander in Chief of U Superior Service Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters; the Bronze Star with Combat "V" and Gold Star

Mohanty, Saraju P.

157

The Cultural State of the Fin de Millenaire Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the relationship between libraries and culture focuses on elements of language and discourse associated with cultural conditions and their implications for librarianship. The conflict between modern and postmodern cultural conditions and thought is examined in a number of library and information science texts. (LRW)

Budd, John M.; Raber, Douglas

1998-01-01

158

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69 National Defense ...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to...

2011-07-01

159

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69 National Defense ...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to...

2013-07-01

160

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69 National Defense ...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to...

2012-07-01

161

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69 National Defense ...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to...

2014-07-01

162

Dilemmas of decline, risks of rise : the systemic and military sources of rising state strategy towards declining great powers  

E-print Network

What explains variation in relatively rising state strategy towards declining great powers? This project develops and tests a theory of state strategy vis-a-vis declining great powers, termed Realist Decline Theory. Realist ...

Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua R

2013-01-01

163

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69 National Defense ...United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to...

2010-07-01

164

75 FR 9763 - Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...United States in Support of U.S. Armed Forces Operations AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...United States in support of U.S. Armed Forces operations. SFAR 100-2 also continues...United States in support of U.S. Armed Forces operations. This action is...

2010-03-04

165

Culturally Competent HIV Prevention Strategies for Women of Color in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies suggest that aspects of culture be included in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) education efforts in the United States. Few, however, clearly identify specific strategies that respond to the unique cultural issues of women of color. This article reviews the literature for culturally competent HIV prevention efforts for women of color—Latina, African American, Asian Pacific Islander, and Native American—and

KARLA D. SCOTT; AISHA GILLIAM; KAREN BRAXTON

2005-01-01

166

ART FRONTS: VISUAL CULTURE AND RACE POLITICS IN THE MID-TWENTIETH-CENTURY UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

ART FRONTS: VISUAL CULTURE AND RACE POLITICS IN THE MID-TWENTIETH-CENTURY UNITED STATES Erin Park Cohn Supervisor: Kathy Peiss Art Fronts argues that visual culture played a central and understudied role in the African American freedom struggle in the middle part of the twentieth century. In particular, it traces the political lives and cultural productions of a generation of visual artists,

Erin P Cohn

2010-01-01

167

Disrupted modular organization of resting-state cortical functional connectivity in U.S. military personnel following concussive ‘mild’ blast-related traumatic brain injury†  

PubMed Central

Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been one of the “signature injuries” of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, neuroimaging studies in concussive ‘mild’ blast-related TBI have been challenging due to the absence of abnormalities in computed tomography or conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the heterogeneity of the blast-related injury mechanisms. The goal of this study was to address these challenges utilizing single-subject, module-based graph theoretic analysis of resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) data. We acquired 20 minutes of resting-state fMRI in 63 U.S. military personnel clinically diagnosed with concussive blast-related TBI and 21 U.S. military controls who had blast exposures but no diagnosis of TBI. All subjects underwent an initial scan within 90 days post-injury and 65 subjects underwent a follow-up scan 6 to 12 months later. A second independent cohort of 40 U.S. military personnel with concussive blast-related TBI patients served as a validation dataset. The second independent cohort underwent an initial scan within 30 days post-injury. 75% of scans were of good quality, with exclusions primarily due to excessive subject motion. Network analysis of the subset of these subjects in the first cohort with good quality scans revealed spatially localized reductions in participation coefficient, a measure of between-module connectivity, in the TBI patients relative to the controls at the time of the initial scan. These group differences were less prominent on the follow-up scans. The 15 brain areas with the most prominent reductions in participation coefficient were next used as regions of interest (ROIs) for single-subject analyses. In the first TBI cohort, more subjects than would be expected by chance (27/47 versus 2/47 expected, p < 0.0001) had 3 or more brain regions with abnormally low between-module connectivity relative to the controls on the initial scans. On the follow-up scans, more subjects than expected by chance (5/37, p = 0.044) but fewer subjects than on the initial scans had 3 or more brain regions with abnormally low between-module connectivity. Analysis of the second TBI cohort validation dataset with no free parameters provided a partial replication; again more subjects than expected by chance (8/31, p = 0.006) had 3 or more brain regions with abnormally low between-module connectivity on the initial scans, but the numbers were not significant (2/27, p = 0.276) on the follow-up scans. A single-subject, multivariate analysis by probabilistic principal component analysis of the between-module connectivity in the 15 identified ROIs, showed that 31/47 subjects in the first TBI cohort were found to be abnormal relative to the controls on the initial scans. In the second TBI cohort, 9/31 patients were found to be abnormal in identical multivariate analysis with no free parameters. Again, there were not substantial differences on the follow-up scans. Taken together, these results indicate that single-subject, module-based graph theoretic analysis of resting-state fMRI provides potentially useful information for concussive blast-related TBI if high quality scans can be obtained. The underlying biological mechanisms and consequences of disrupted between-module connectivity are unknown, thus further studies are required. PMID:23968735

Han, Kihwan; Mac Donald, Christine L.; Johnson, Ann M.; Barnes, Yolanda; Wierzechowski, Linda; Zonies, David; Oh, John; Flaherty, Stephen; Fang, Raymond; Raichle, Marcus E.; Brody, David L.

2013-01-01

168

Cultural differences in patterns of mood states on board the International Space Station  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on our previous studies of astronauts and cosmonauts, we hypothesized that the patterning of mood states among International Space Station (ISS) crewmembers would vary by culture, regardless of the overall frequency of these states in each cultural group. Russian clinicians recognize a pattern of distress known as asthenia. According to the asthenia model, depression should covary with fatigue. According

Jennifer E. Boyd; Nick Kanas; Vadim I. Gushin; Stephanie Saylor

2007-01-01

169

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2010-10-01

170

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2011-10-01

171

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2014-10-01

172

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2012-10-01

173

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2013-10-01

174

Autonomy in military aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military users are becoming increasingly dependent on satellites for vital services related to communication, surveillance information, navigation, and meteorological data. The current military spacecraft, however, need the services of a ground support network which is vulnerable in connection with a variety of threats. It has, therefore, been proposed to decrease the dependence of the satellites on the ground segment by

D. W. Henderson

1983-01-01

175

Early Childhood Military Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

Pelo, Ann

2011-01-01

176

SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE  

E-print Network

TERRORWARS SPACEDAILY TERRADAILY MARSDAILY SPACE TRAVEL SPACEMART SPACE DATABASE Endangered Species WeCHANNELS SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE UAV NEWS MILITARY COMMS CYBERWARS MISSILE NEWS RAYGUNS project Nepal jails six soldiers for murder, human rights violations Ex-Peruvian spy chief wants CIA

177

National Military Family Association  

MedlinePLUS

... quick fact sheet about this program. Military Spouse Scholarships The mission of this scholarship program is to help prepare military spouses for ... better contribute to their family’s financial security. Our scholarships are awarded to spouses of all Uniformed Services ...

178

Rhetoric and the Death of a Top Gun: Technology, Gender, and the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the author's ongoing research analyzing several sites of discourse related to a military training accident that resulted in the death of the first female military pilot assigned to a combat position. Contributes to scholarship discussing interactions of technology, gender, and military culture. Explores how language influences…

Sadler, Tori

1999-01-01

179

Use of the dental disease nonbattle injury encounter module to assess the emergency rate on an Army military installation within the United States.  

PubMed

The objectives of this study are (1) to establish a baseline rate for dental emergencies (DE) occurring within a Brigade Combat Team (BCT) garrisoned on a military installation located in the continental United States (CONUS), and (2) to determine if differences in risk of DE are observed in soldiers of different Dental Fitness Classifications (DFC). Data concerning DE were documented by Army Dental Corps providers using CONUS Dental Disease Nonbattle Injury Emergency Encounter module of the Corporate Dental Application (CDA). The data were collected from September 1, 2011 to December 15, 2011. The number of soldiers at risk, the BCT dental readiness, the DFC of each soldier who experienced a DE, and the date of the dental visit that preceded the DE were documented from CDA. The estimated rate of 221 DE per 1,000 soldiers per year was observed. The risk of DE for DFC 3 soldiers was five times that of soldiers who were DFC 1 or 2. Assessing the DE rate of a BCT in garrison is useful for stakeholders and policymakers who must accommodate the impact of DE on mission readiness. PMID:23025142

Colthirst, Paul; DeNicolo, Philip; Will, Randy; Simecek, John W

2012-09-01

180

Uniform culture in solid-state fermentation with fungi and its efficient enzyme production.  

PubMed

Solid-state fermentation (SSF) has attracted a lot of interest for carrying out high-level protein production in filamentous fungi. However, it has problems such as the fermentation heat generated during the culture in addition to the reduced mobility of substances. These conditions lead to a nonuniform state in the culture substrate and result in low reproducibility. We constructed a non-airflow box (NAB) with a moisture permeable fluoropolymer membrane, thereby making it possible to control and maintain uniform and optimal conditions in the substrate. For the NAB culture in Aspergillus oryzae, temperature and water content on/in the whole substrate were more consistent than for a traditional tray box (TB) culture. Total weight after the culture remained constant and dry conditions could be achieved during the culture. These data demonstrate the possibility of growing a uniform culture of the whole substrate for SSF. The NAB is advantageous because it allows for the control of exact temperature and water content in the substrate during the culture by allowing vapor with latent heat to dissipate out of the box. In addition, several enzymes in the NAB culture exhibited higher production levels than in the TB culture. We believe that culturing in the constructed NAB could become a standard technique for commercial SSF. PMID:21163699

Ito, Kazunari; Kawase, Tomoka; Sammoto, Hiroyuki; Gomi, Katsuya; Kariyama, Masahiro; Miyake, Tsuyoshi

2011-03-01

181

Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

182

PEARL CULTURE UNITED STATES DEPAR'lMENT OF THE nrTF,RIOR  

E-print Network

PEARL CULTURE IN JAPAN UNITED STATES DEPAR'lMENT OF THE nrTF,RIOR FIS.tI AND WILDLIFE SERVICE'AN TABLE OF CO TE ITS Fron tispiece Sumcary · · · In troduc t10n. Hi story of Pearl Cul ture . 1. Gener nl. · · 2. Pearl Culture in J~pan . 3. Pearl Culturs in Souto Pacific Area l. 4. Development of P~8rl 18rml

183

Mental Health: Military  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Mental Health > People > Military Let's Talk Facts Brochures Understanding Mental Disorders: Your Guide to DSM-5 Healthy Minds, Healthy ... Parity Healthy Minds TV What is a psychiatrist Mental Health Check-up Coping with Disasters Links for more ...

184

Military Expenditure % of GDP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bar chart ranking countries by military expenditures as a percentage of GDP. Shows the militarization of the Middle East and Africa. The chart, perhaps obviously, is dominated by small countries with small GDPs.

185

Chinese Military Power  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new resource from the Commonwealth Institute's Project on Defense Alternatives (PDA) (reviewed in the January 12, 1999 Scout Report for Social Sciences) offers a gateway to "online analysis and research tools essential to understanding China's military policy, capabilities, and potential." The full-text offerings are accessed through links to a variety of English-language sources, and are grouped by topic, such as Commentary, Military Analyses, Political and Economic Conditions, Regional Context, and US Policy Toward China, among others. In addition, online resources on several special topics (China and the RMA, Arms Trade and Proliferation, Taiwan Confrontation, Cox Report and Aftermath, and China Arsenal) are also provided. Other resources include a bibliography, links to selected research sites, and contact information for a number of specialists in the field. If the site remains regularly updated as promised, it should become a useful current awareness tool for researchers and students studying Chinese military policy and US-China military relations.

186

Optometry and the military.  

PubMed

This article comments on several of the major issues facing military optometry which were aired earlier this year at the AOA Federal Service Optometry Seminar. Among these issues, all of which influence recruitment and retention of optometry officers, are constructive credit, bonus and incentive pay, promotion policies, and optimum scope of care. Dr. Turner emphasizes that solutions to these problem areas depend not only upon AOA actions but also personal efforts and professionalism of military OD's. PMID:1027779

Turner, H C

1976-02-01

187

The Economic Impact of the Cultural Industry on the State of South Carolina  

E-print Network

The Economic Impact of the Cultural Industry on the State of South Carolina Prepared for The SC pleased to work with the South Carolina Arts Commission to update the 1992 study of the economic impact of the cultural industry in South Carolina. The Division of Research is especially grateful to Dr. Morgan

Almor, Amit

188

The Need for Comparative Education Research to Concentrate on the Cultural Revolution within the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparative education research and courses are needed to identify real revolutionary movements in the current cultural revolution in the United States. The presence of cultural revolution is indicated by, among other things, the development of microcultures. Intranational instead of cross-national studies are of importance in the next few years to…

Petit, M. Loretta

189

World Film Studies Minor DEPARTMENT OF WORLD LANGUAGES & CULTURES --IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

World Film Studies Minor DEPARTMENT OF WORLD LANGUAGES & CULTURES -- IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY The World Film Studies minor is an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural program in the department of World of the non-English-speaking world. A student seeking a minor in World Film Studies must successfully complete

Mayfield, John

190

Building success : the role of the state in the cultural facility development process  

E-print Network

This thesis investigates the question of what is the current role of the state in the cultural facility development process, and, in light of facility-related warnings that have been made over the years, what role should ...

Choy, Carolyn (Carolyn Anne)

2007-01-01

191

Cultural policy, state politics, and rural economic development : lessons from Maine  

E-print Network

This thesis explores how political actors utilize studies of the arts' impact on state economies to boost -the significance of cultural policy within a given political environment. Specifically, this thesis explains how ...

Christmas, Shannon Stewart

2006-01-01

192

The Cultural Life of Capital Punishment: Surveying the Benefits of a Cultural Analysis of Law, Reviewing Austin Sarat, 'When the State Kills: Capital Punishment and the American Condition'  

Microsoft Academic Search

Austin Sarat's 'When the State Kills' seeks to explore the interrelationship between capital punishment and American culture. Utilizing scholarly approaches drawn from sociology, literary criticism, cultural studies, and political science, Sarat illuminates the ways in which the official legal regime of capital punishment creates, reflects, and reinforces broader cultural attitudes about crime and punishment. Moreover, he argues that the destructive

Paul Schiff Berman

2002-01-01

193

Multivitamin and Protein Supplement Use Is Associated With Positive Mood States and Health Behaviors in US Military and Coast Guard Personnel  

PubMed Central

Abstract Approximately 60% of Armed Forces personnel regularly consume dietary supplements (DSs). We investigated the association of mood and health behaviors with multiple classes of DSs in military and Coast Guard personnel (N = 5536). Participants completed a survey of DS use and the Quick Mood Scale to assess mood domains of wakeful-drowsiness, relaxed-anxious, cheerful-depressed, friendly-aggression, clearheaded-confused, and well coordinated–clumsy. Supplements were categorized as multivitamin/minerals (MVM), individual vitamin/minerals, protein/amino acid supplements (PS), combination products (C), herbals (H), purported steroid analogs, (S) and other (O). One-way analyses of covariance assessed associations of DSs and perceived health behavior with mood controlling for age. Logistic regression determined associations between DS use and health behavior. Users of MVM and PS reported feeling significantly (P < 0.05) more awake, relaxed, cheerful, clearheaded, and coordinated. Participants using PS and S reported feeling less friendly (more aggressive, P < 0.02). Users of MVM and PS were more likely to report their general health, eating habits, and fitness level as excellent/good (P < 0.05). Participants reporting health behaviors as excellent/good were more (P < 0.01) awake, relaxed, cheerful, friendly, clearheaded, and coordinated. As no known biological mechanisms can explain such diverse effects of MVM and PS use on multiple mood states, health, eating habits, and fitness, we hypothesize these associations are not causal, and DS intake does not alter these parameters per se. Preexisting differences in mood and other health-related behaviors and outcomes between users versus nonusers of DSs could be a confounding factor in studies of DSs. PMID:25122181

Austin, Krista G.; McGraw, Susan M.; Lieberman, Harris R.

2014-01-01

194

Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve conference papers on cultural aspects of second language instruction include: "Towards True Multiculturalism: Ideas for Teachers" (Brian McVeigh); Comparing Cultures Through Critical Thinking: Development and Interpretations of Meaningful Observations" (Laurel D. Kamada); "Authority and Individualism in Japan and the USA" (Alisa Woodring);…

1997

195

77 FR 70945 - Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Military Electronic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...critical military or intelligence advantage to the United States, and...significant military or intelligence advantage warranting control under...CCL applicant at least two advantages. First, the applicant has...addition, many applicants exporting or reexporting items...

2012-11-28

196

An update of military robotics activities  

SciTech Connect

Military unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are beginning to break new ground that will strongly affect the future development of robotics. Current and planned future demonstrations of new UGV technologies are aiding in the maturation of control and navigation technologies critical to remotely controlled, supervised, and autonomous robots. The United States and its allies are spending millions of dollars to develop UGVs for military applications. The first systems will be deployed by the year 2000. The United States is leading the way, and its program is focused on the tactical UGV (TUGV) for the US Army and Marine Corps.

Lovece, J.A. (L B Ltd., Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

197

The role of the United States military in the development of vector control products, including insect repellents, insecticides, and bed nets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arthropod-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, scrub typhus, and leishmaniasis continue to pose a significant threat to U.S. military forces deployed in support of operational and humanitarian missions. These diseases are transmitted by a variety of arthropods, including mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, sand flies, and biting midges. In addition to disease threats, biting arthropods can cause dermatitis, allergic reactions, and sleep

Lynn W. Kitchen; Kendra L. Lawrence; Russell E. Coleman

198

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - 1-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Federal Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL...100-1 Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100-1—Relief for U.S. Military...This Special Federal Aviation Regulation No.100-1 expires June 20, 2010,...

2010-01-01

199

Benchmarking Teacher Education: What Can We Learn from the Military?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how the United States Military Academy at West Point produces consistently high standards of quality, discussing what teacher education can learn from the military. West Point's mission is to educate and train the Corps of Cadets so that each graduate shall have the attributes essential to professional growth throughout a…

Wilmore, Elaine L.

200

Chivalry in the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chivalry is a word that is often been used in the context of the military. Yet, the meaning attached to chivalry differs.\\u000a Here are some examples:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a In his Memorial Address of 20 July 1966 in memory of the military resistance against Adolf Hitler the Bundeswehr’s former\\u000a Lieutenant General Hans Speidel quotes a section of a speech Colonel General Ludwig

Gerhard Kümmel

201

Suicides in the military: the post-modern combat veteran and the Hemingway effect.  

PubMed

Suicides in the military have increased over the last ten years. Much effort has been focused on suicide prevention and treatment, as well as understanding the reasons for the sharp increase in military suicides. Despite this effort, the definitive causes of military suicides remain elusive. Further, highly effective suicide prevention and treatment approaches have not yet been developed. The purpose of this article is to present a short review of the current state of suicide prevention interventions within the context of the military. The root causes of suicidal behavior and the role of combat in the military are each discussed. Interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide and the military transition theory are introduced as guiding frameworks for understanding suicides and suicidal behavior amongst active military personnel and military veterans. The article concludes with a set of recommendations for moving forward in understanding and addressing suicides in the military. PMID:24930521

Castro, Carl Andrew; Kintzle, Sara

2014-08-01

202

State of Delaware-Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Delaware is a state rich in history and tradition, and this website provides curious parties and individuals with a smattering of resources on the Blue Hen State. On the homepage, visitors can make their way through eight sections, including "Museums", "Exhibits", "Education", and "Multimedia". First up, the "Museums" area provides information on current exhibits on display at the state's historic properties, along with a collection of selected items. Visitors looking for a more interactive and immersive experience will want to click on the "Multimedia" area, where they will find videos of the Old State House and 360 degree panorama views of the Delaware Archaeology Museum and the John Dickinson Plantation. Finally, the site is rounded out with its fine "Education" section. Here visitors can view online educational resource materials, including a guide to Native American projectile points and links to The Heritage Education Network.

203

State Political Culture, Higher Education Spending Indicators, and Undergraduate Graduation Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues concerning higher education today (e.g., rising costs, declining public trust, changing state economics) have created new demands for postsecondary institutions to demonstrate their productivity. We examine whether differences in states' political cultures (i.e., underlying traditions, values, and public policy choices) are reflected…

Heck, Ronald H.; Lam, Wendy S.; Thomas, Scott L.

2014-01-01

204

Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota  

E-print Network

Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota Learning Circle Lesson - Leader's Guide Compiled by: Sara Croymans & Rose Allen, Regional Extension Educators Reviewed by: Minnesota Operation Military Kids Team 2006 The University of Minnesota is committed to the policy that all persons

Amin, S. Massoud

205

Cross-cultural medical education in the United States: key principles and experiences.  

PubMed

The field of cross-cultural care focuses on the ability to communicate effectively and provide quality health care to patients from diverse sociocultural backgrounds. In recent years, medical schools in the United States have increasingly recognized the growing importance of incorporating cross-cultural curricula into medical education. Cross-cultural medical education in the United States has emerged for four reasons: (1) the need for providers to have the skills to care for a diverse patient population; (2) the link between effective communication and health outcomes; (3) the presence of racial/ethnic disparities that are, in part, due to poor communication across cultures; and (4) medical school accreditation requirements. There are three major approaches to cross-cultural education: (1) the cultural sensitivity/awareness approach that focuses on attitudes; (2) the multicultural/categorical approach that focuses on knowledge; and (3) the cross-cultural approach that focuses on skills. The patient-based approach to cross-cultural care combines these three concepts into a framework that can be used to care for any patient, anytime, anywhere. Ultimately, if cross-cultural medical education is to evolve, students must believe it is important and understand that the categorical approach can lead to stereotyping; it should be taught using patient cases and highlighting clinical applications; it should be embedded in a longitudinal, developmentally appropriate fashion; and it should be integrated into the larger curriculum whenever possible. At the Harvard Medical School, we have tried to apply all of these lessons to our work, and we have started to develop a strategic integration process where we try to raise awareness, impart knowledge, and teach cross-cultural skills over the 4 years of schooling. PMID:19717365

Betancourt, Joseph R; Cervantes, Marina C

2009-09-01

206

Resilience among Military Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present their approach to understanding resilience among military connected young people, and they discuss some of the gaps in their knowledge. They begin by defining resilience, and then present a theoretical model of how young people demonstrate resilient functioning. Next they consider some of the research on…

Easterbrooks, M. Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M.

2013-01-01

207

Current military laser applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several important military applications with the predominant laser type used are reviewed. Most of these lasers are infrared lasers of one sort or another. Airborne tactical programs utilizing laser designator\\/illuminators are pictorially summarized, including range finding, target seeking, designation, tracking, reconnaissance, and surveillance. A typical designator optical system configuration is presented and discussed. Examples of operational laser systems are given.

D. E. Flinchbaugh

1975-01-01

208

Failures in military aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

The severe operating conditions for components in military aircraft lead to a wide range of failure modes and introduce many factors which can influence those failures. As a result, the accident investigator or failure analyst may need to explore issues more widely than might be the case with systems operating in more benign or controlled environments. Complicating factors are the

Graham Clark

2005-01-01

209

Why Military History?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in military history is as strong as it has ever been--except on American college campuses. Lt. Gen. Josiah Bunting III examines why today's undergraduates need to study the facts of war, and why knowing its causes and consequences remain a vital part of our common knowledge.

Bunting, Josiah, III

2008-01-01

210

US Military space policy 1945–92  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses space power theory to analyse the military space policy of the United States during the Cold War period up to the demise of the Soviet Union. It examines the consensus that emerged during this period which sought to prevent the weaponization of space. This consensus was called into question during the latter period with the announcement of

M Mowthorpe

2002-01-01

211

Military jet activity and Sonoran pronghorn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Forty percent of the habitat for the endangered Sonoran pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) in the United States is on the Barry M. Goldwater Range (BMGR), a bombing and gunnery range located in southwestern Arizona, USA. Wildlife and land managers have expressed concerns that military aircraft activity may be detrimental to Sonoran pronhom. We observed the response of Sonoran pronghorn

P. R. Krausman; Lisa K. Harris

2002-01-01

212

The Utilization of Women in the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the decade of the 1970s there will be an increase in the number and percent of women in the United States military. Trends indicate that this rise will move steadily but gradually from less than 2 percent women in the armed services to approximately 4 percent. Although the number and percent of women in uniform will remain small, their

Nancy Goldman

1973-01-01

213

76 FR 14045 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...in the possession of the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...pendant was given to the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University...

2011-03-15

214

Academic and Military Instructional Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the practices and accomplishments of the military in the area of instructional technology. An examination of historical background is used to increase the precision of the definition of instructional technology. Specific contributions of the military are described and then uses of instructional technology in the military and…

Branson, Robert K.

215

Technology in military strategy: a realistic assessment  

SciTech Connect

Today the Military Reform Movement strongly criticizes the United States military for being mesmerized by technology to the detriment of other, including human, factors. Only in this century have writers given great attention to war technologies. In contrast to strategic thinkers like Sun-Tsu, Machiavelli, Clausewitz, Moltke, and Mahan, post-World War I theorists like fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Mitchell made technology a key to their strategic concepts. Nuclear war theorists like Brodie, Kahn, and Wohlstetter made technology a centrality, while limited war theorists like Osgood and Kissinger gave it considerable, but less, stress. The reformers place more weight on teh art of using military forces than on weapons, emphasizing mobility and historical lessons, rather than technology. Nuclear war theories rely too heavily on technological dimensions to expect a shift. Somewhat more attention could profitably be paid to nontechnological aspects of conventional war, but any violent pendulum swing should be avoided.

Sanders, R.

1983-01-01

216

Pathways to the All-Volunteer Military  

PubMed Central

Objectives The present study investigates the role of a disadvantaged background, the lack of social connectedness, and behavioral problems in channeling young men to the opportunities of the all-volunteer military instead of to college and the labor market. Methods Data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health in the United States. The analytic sample consists of 6,938 white, black, and other males. Results The greatest likelihood of military service versus college and the labor force occurs when young men of at least modest ability come from disadvantaged circumstances, experience minimal connectedness to others, and report a history of adolescent fighting. Discussion Findings suggest the importance of access to post-high school education and worklife opportunities as a military service incentive for less advantaged young men in the all volunteer era. PMID:21960728

Elder, Glen H.; Wang, Lin; Spence, Naomi J.; Adkins, Daniel E.; Brown, Tyson H.

2011-01-01

217

War and (the Democratic) Peace: Military Service, Citizenship, and the International Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is there a significant relationship between military structure and political liberalization? If so, can military structure and organization be manipulated to influence the process of democratization for the purpose of enhancing inter-state peace? To test the implications of these questions, I will investigate a decidedly contentious premise. Military factors traditionally considered destabilizing in the international environment (to include large, well-trained

Everett Carl Dolman

2000-01-01

218

Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu  

E-print Network

Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 · cemml@cemml.colostate.edu http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands Who We Are. The Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML) at Colorado State University is a team

219

Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Data from Mixed Data  

E-print Network

: Database table codes Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands CEMML Colorado State UniversityCenter for Ecological Management of Military Lands 1 Loading Data from Mixed Data Collection Techniques Center for Ecological Management of Military Lands No. 7 - 1997 Currently the LCTA data logger has

220

The work-family interface in the United States and Singapore: conflict across cultures.  

PubMed

This article examines the work-family interface in a cross-cultural comparison between two nationally representative samples from the United States (n = 1,860) and Singapore (n = 1,035) with emphasis on work-family conflict. Family-to-work conflict was negatively related to marital satisfaction in both Singapore and the United States, although the effect was stronger in the United States. Similarly, family-to-work conflict was positively related to job satisfaction in the United States but was negatively related in Singapore. As expected, schedule flexibility was negatively related to depression in the United States, but in Singapore the relationship was positive. These findings suggest that theoretical relationships in the work-family interface developed in the more culturally individualistic West may need to be adapted when studying populations in the more collectivist East. PMID:20954775

Galovan, Adam M; Fackrell, Tamara; Buswell, Lydia; Jones, Blake L; Hill, E Jeffrey; Carroll, Sarah June

2010-10-01

221

United States and Brazil : Expanding Frontiers, Comparing Cultures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extremely compelling website, dedicated to examining the interactions between Brazil and the United States from the 18th century to the present, grew out of discussions between Dr. James H. Billington, the Librarian of Congress, and the former President of Brazil, Fernando Hernrique Cardoso. Developed under the auspices of the Global Gateway program at the Library of Congress, the site contains an impressive amount of primary source materials, including maps, rare books, prints, photographs, and manuscripts. When completed, the project will contain materials organized around four primary themes, but currently only the theme of Historical Foundations is complete. As might be expected, the site is presented in both Portuguese and English, and a powerful multifaceted search engine will help guide users to particular documents of interest. Browsing through the Historical Foundations section of the site, visitors will find a timeline (complete with accompanying visual materials), and five separate sections dedicated to exploration, the colonial period, and so on.

Billington, James H.

222

Tobacco Promotion to Military Personnel: “The Plums Are Here to Be Plucked”  

PubMed Central

Smoking rates among military personnel are high, damaging health, decreasing short- and long-term troop readiness, and costing the Department of Defense (DOD). The military is an important market for the tobacco industry, which long targeted the military with cigarette promotions. Internal tobacco industry documents were examined to explore tobacco sponsorship of events targeted to military personnel. Evidence was found of more than 1,400 events held between 1980 and 1997. In 1986, the DOD issued a directive forbidding such special promotions; however, with the frequently eager cooperation of military personnel, they continued for more than a decade, apparently ceasing only because of the restrictions of the Master Settlement Agreement. The U.S. military collaborated with the tobacco industry for decades, creating a military culture of smoking. Reversing that process will require strong policy establishing tobacco use as unmilitary. PMID:19743733

Smith, Elizabeth A.; Malone, Ruth E.

2009-01-01

223

Women in Military Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American women have participated in and made significant contributions to the defense of this nation during both war and peace times. Their contributions, however, have gone largely unacknowledged and unrewarded. The history of women serving in defense of our nation began more than 220 years ago with women who served in the American Revolution and continues with those who serve today. The Women's Memorial Web site is dedicated to recognizing the achievements of women who have served in the military and also honors other women who have served in direct support of the US armed forces, particularly during times of war or conflict. The site offers historical data on valiant women who served in America's military as well as educational resources for teachers and students. It also provides information on how to plan a trip to the Women's Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery, where the women who have served in this country's armed forces are individually and collectively honored.

224

Kentucky Military Treasures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Kentucky Veterans Trust Fund and the Kentucky Historical Society Foundation, the Kentucky Military Treasures site profiles the stories and experiences of veterans from the 18th century all the way up to the current day. The stories bring together artifacts, primary documents, and photographs to help enrich these unique stories. First-time visitors should peruse the timeline to get a sense of the ways in which Kentuckians have contributed to military conflicts large and small across the globe. In the "Signature Stories" area, visitors can learn about Richard M. Johnson of Beargrass, Kentucky. He was known for his leadership at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, and his story his told through four artifacts, including a powder horn and a cannon from the period. The "Curator's Corner" features an introduction from director of the Kentucky Historical Society, Kent Whitworth, and other comments on flags and weapons from curators at the Society. [KMG

225

Military display performance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

2012-06-01

226

17.952 Great Power Military Intervention, Spring 2004  

E-print Network

The purpose of this seminar is to examine systematically, and comparatively, great and middle power military interventions into civil wars during the 1990's. These civil wars were high on the policy agenda of western states ...

Posen, Barry

227

Q&A: The Intersection of Gang Culture and Domestic Violence New York State Office for the  

E-print Network

Q&A: The Intersection of Gang Culture and Domestic Violence New York State Office..............................................................................................Cover The Intersection of Gang Culture and Domestic Violence .....................................Cover Did You Know&A About the Intersection of Gang Culture and Domestic Violence............ Page 3 Legislative Update

Qiu, Weigang

228

Contact and Connection: A Cross-Cultural Look at Parenting Styles in Bali and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that a culturally approved style of nonverbal parent-infant interaction influences the unfolding parent-child relationship and the child's social development. The author, an anthropologist, compares parenting styles in the "low-contact" culture of the United States with parenting in the "high-contact" culture of Bali. The…

Kestenberg-Amighi, Janet

2004-01-01

229

Military sexual trauma: a silent syndrome.  

PubMed

This article examines an age-old problem-sexual assault-through the lens of its occurrence within the military culture. Specific cases as well as U.S. Department of Defense responses to better handle these issues are offered to educate psychiatric-mental health nurses of the potential differences in symptomatology and presentation of military sexual trauma (MST). This appears to be an increasing problem with the predicted cohort of returning veterans appearing both in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs system as well as in civilian locations, hospitals, community centers, and especially the workplace. It will be critical to develop training materials and pursue further research to identify this silent syndrome of MST to better meet the needs of our returning veterans. PMID:23330799

Burgess, Ann W; Slattery, Donna M; Herlihy, Patricia A

2013-02-01

230

Status, Constraints, and Opportunities for Salmon Culture in the United States: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

duction will be addressed in this paper. Throughout the 1980's, the salmon culture industry has attracted consider­ able interest from potential investors, governments, and entrepreneurs world­ wide. Through 1991, production was still expanding in many countries such as Norway, Scotland, (reland, Faroe Is­ lands, Chile, Canada, Japan, and the United States. More recently, produc­ tion in Norway, Scotland, and Ireland

JAMES L. ANDERSON; SOFIA U. BETTENCOURT

231

Enhanced Oxygen Delivery Reverses Anaerobic Metabolic States in Prolonged Sandwich Rat Hepatocyte Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

It must be assumed that current petri dish primary hepatocyte culture models do not supply sufficient amounts of oxygen and thus cause anaerobic metabolism of the cells. This is contrary to the physiologic state of the cells.In vivothe liver is a highly vascularized organ with a rather high blood flow rate of a mixture of arterial and venous blood. The

A. Bader; N. Frühauf; M. Tiedge; M. Drinkgern; L. De Bartolo; J. T. Borlak; G. Steinhoff; A. Haverich

1999-01-01

232

The importance of the viable but non-culturable state in human bacterial pathogens  

PubMed Central

Many bacterial species have been found to exist in a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state since its discovery in 1982. VBNC cells are characterized by a loss of culturability on routine agar, which impairs their detection by conventional plate count techniques. This leads to an underestimation of total viable cells in environmental or clinical samples, and thus poses a risk to public health. In this review, we present recent findings on the VBNC state of human bacterial pathogens. The characteristics of VBNC cells, including the similarities and differences to viable, culturable cells and dead cells, and different detection methods are discussed. Exposure to various stresses can induce the VBNC state, and VBNC cells may be resuscitated back to culturable cells under suitable stimuli. The conditions that trigger the induction of the VBNC state and resuscitation from it are summarized and the mechanisms underlying these two processes are discussed. Last but not least, the significance of VBNC cells and their potential influence on human health are also reviewed. PMID:24917854

Li, Laam; Mendis, Nilmini; Trigui, Hana; Oliver, James D.; Faucher, Sebastien P.

2014-01-01

233

Class, Culture and the State in Comparative Education: Problems, Perspectives and Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critiques conceptions of class, culture, and the changing role of the state in comparative education research (including macro and micro traditions and Marxian analysis). Draws on Habermas and other contemporary German social theorists to suggest the need for methodologies based on less coercive, reciprocal intercultural relations. (149…

Welch, Anthony R.

1993-01-01

234

Culture and Dental Health among African Immigrant School-Aged Children in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper examines African immigrant parents' views on dental decay and whether such views affect their decision to obtain dental insurance for their children. The paper also examines the cultural underpinnings of the immigrants' oral health care practices. Design/methodology/approach: The data for the study were collected in the states

Obeng, Cecilia S.

2007-01-01

235

Teaching at the University Level: Cross-Cultural Perspectives from the United States and Russia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in what constitutes effective teaching in Pre-K-12 and higher education is nearly universal. This important text explores this interest at the college and university level from a unique, international perspective. "Teaching at the University Level: Cross-Cultural Perspectives from the United States and Russia" brings to one publication…

Wiseman, Dennis G.; Hunt, Gilbert H.; Zhukov, Vassiliy I.; Mardahaev, Lev V.

2007-01-01

236

New Insight and Old Dilemma: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Japan and the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that conflict in close relationships characterizes both the United States and Japan, with differences only in the style and timing of its manifestations. Asserts that the potentially fruitful strategy of Rothbaum et al. is constrained by their cross-cultural comparative methodology. (Author/KB)

Lebra, Takie Sugiyama

2000-01-01

237

Distance Higher Education Experiences of Arab Gulf Students in the United States: A Cultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a phenomenological research study that was undertaken to provide cultural understanding about the nature of distance education experiences of Arab graduate students pursuing degree programs in the United States. As a theoretical framework, Hofstede's international difference dimensions and Hall's concept of low and high…

Al-Harthi, Aisha S.

2005-01-01

238

Native American Heritage Month Events -Fall 2013 Native American Cultural Center, Colorado State University  

E-print Network

Page | 1 Native American Heritage Month Events - Fall 2013 Native American Cultural Center and traditions among Native Americans (Sponsored by the American Indian Science & Engineering Society.m. The Lagoon (corner of Plum and Meridian) Colorado State University To celebrate Native American

Stephens, Graeme L.

239

"Their Little Wooden Bricks": A History of the Material Culture of Kindergarten in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the material culture of kindergarten in the United States in relation to the production and consumption of materials and kindergarten theory and pedagogy. The focus is on Friedrich Froebel's building gifts as they were manufactured and sold by the Milton Bradley Company from 1869 to 1939. A review of trade catalogues over the…

Prochner, Larry

2011-01-01

240

Developing serious games for cultural heritage: a state-of-the-art review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the widespread use of gaming for leisure purposes has been well documented, the use of games to support cultural\\u000a heritage purposes, such as historical teaching and learning, or for enhancing museum visits, has been less well considered.\\u000a The state-of-the-art in serious game technology is identical to that of the state-of-the-art in entertainment games technology.\\u000a As a result, the field

Eike Falk Anderson; Leigh McLoughlin; Fotis Liarokapis; Christopher Peters; Panagiotis Petridis; Sara de Freitas

2010-01-01

241

Military and Civilian Undergraduates: Attitudes Toward Women, Masculinity, and Authoritarianism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of civilian and military college environments and undergraduates' sex on gender role attitudes and authoritarianism was investigated. Three hundred thirteen male and 69 female, primarily white middle-class students at the United States Naval Academy, United States Air Force Academy, Reserve Officer Training Corps, and a civilian university participated. Approximately 7% were Hispanic, 6% African-American, and 5% Asian-American. Military

Sharon E. Robinson Kurpius; A. Leigh Lucart

2000-01-01

242

Approaches to Teaching about Korea in a World Cultures Social Studies Curriculum. A guide for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Korea, a country of major significance within the East Asian culture sphere, is also a country of historical and contemporary importance to the United States. Divided in 1945 into two zones, the North and the South, the communist northern sector became a formidable economic and military power, while the phenomenal growth of the southern sector's…

Lewis, Linda; Linton, Stephen

243

78 FR 13890 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program, San...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...at the address below by April 1, 2013. ADDRESSES: Jeffrey Boland Fentress, San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program, c...or the objects of cultural patrimony should contact Jeffrey Boland Fentress, San Francisco State University NAGPRA Program,...

2013-03-01

244

Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu  

E-print Network

Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 · cemml is accomplished by applying best management practices consistent with continued military use. Training Area Design areas and ranges to minimize hazards to soldiers, equipment, and natural and cultural resources while

245

Utilizing Social Support to Conserve the Fighting Strength: Important Considerations for Military Social Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a continuation of a conference panel dialogue that focused on providing individualized, culturally responsible treatment of secondary traumatic stress (STS) for military social workers. Key aspects of the roles and responsibilities, professional and ethical challenges of military social workers and social work officers serve as focal points for understanding the importance of social support. This article discusses

J. Camille Hall

2009-01-01

246

Burns and military clothing.  

PubMed

Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

McLean, A D

2001-02-01

247

Stem cell applications in military medicine.  

PubMed

There are many similarities between health issues affecting military and civilian patient populations, with the exception of the relatively small but vital segment of active soldiers who experience high-energy blast injuries during combat. A rising incidence of major injuries from explosive devices in recent campaigns has further complicated treatment and recovery, highlighting the need for tissue regenerative options and intensifying interest in the possible role of stem cells for military medicine. In this review we outline the array of tissue-specific injuries typically seen in modern combat - as well as address a few complications unique to soldiers--and discuss the state of current stem cell research in addressing each area. Embryonic, induced-pluripotent and adult stem cell sources are defined, along with advantages and disadvantages unique to each cell type. More detailed stem cell sources are described in the context of each tissue of interest, including neural, cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal and sensory tissues, with brief discussion of their potential role in regenerative medicine moving forward. Additional commentary is given to military stem cell applications aside from regenerative medicine, such as blood pharming, immunomodulation and drug screening, with an overview of stem cell banking and the unique opportunity provided by the military and civilian overlap of stem cell research. PMID:22011454

Christopherson, Gregory T; Nesti, Leon J

2011-01-01

248

Stem cell applications in military medicine  

PubMed Central

There are many similarities between health issues affecting military and civilian patient populations, with the exception of the relatively small but vital segment of active soldiers who experience high-energy blast injuries during combat. A rising incidence of major injuries from explosive devices in recent campaigns has further complicated treatment and recovery, highlighting the need for tissue regenerative options and intensifying interest in the possible role of stem cells for military medicine. In this review we outline the array of tissue-specific injuries typically seen in modern combat - as well as address a few complications unique to soldiers - and discuss the state of current stem cell research in addressing each area. Embryonic, induced-pluripotent and adult stem cell sources are defined, along with advantages and disadvantages unique to each cell type. More detailed stem cell sources are described in the context of each tissue of interest, including neural, cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal and sensory tissues, with brief discussion of their potential role in regenerative medicine moving forward. Additional commentary is given to military stem cell applications aside from regenerative medicine, such as blood pharming, immunomodulation and drug screening, with an overview of stem cell banking and the unique opportunity provided by the military and civilian overlap of stem cell research. PMID:22011454

2011-01-01

249

[Application and research of acupuncture in military].  

PubMed

Acupuncture has remarkable effects of pain relieving and functional restoration on injuries of soft tissue and joint due to military training. As more and more attention has been attached to the impact of psychological states and biorhythm disorder on the fighting ability of military staff, acupuncture has found its place in treating chronic fatigue, combat stress reaction, traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder as well as regulating circadian rhythms. The therapeutic effect of acupuncture in military training-related physical damage and psychological trauma has already been proved by numerous clinical practices and researches. It is held that using acupuncture as an alternative could not only save medical resources, but also enhance the fighting ability of the army. However, the current clinical studies is facing the problem of limited sample size. Therefore, randomized controlled trials in large scale and multiple centers should be further carried out toward military staff, so as to provide more speaking evidences to the prevention and treatment of physical and psychological diseases. PMID:24673077

Zhao, Lu; Li, Xiao-Qian; Chen, Hong-Yun; Li, Wei-Hong; Zhou, Shuang; Zhou, Qing-Hui

2014-01-01

250

Does culture affect divorce? evidence from European immigrants in the United States.  

PubMed

This article explores the role of culture in determining divorce by examining country-of-origin differences in divorce rates of immigrants in the United States. Because childhood-arriving immigrants are all exposed to a common set of U.S. laws and institutions, we interpret relationships between their divorce tendencies and home-country divorce rates as evidence of the effect of culture. Our results are robust to controlling for several home-country variables, including average church attendance and gross domestic product (GDP). Moreover, specifications with country-of-origin fixed effects suggest that immigrants from countries with low divorce rates are especially less likely to be divorced if they reside among a large number of coethnics. Supplemental analyses indicate that divorce culture has a stronger impact on the divorce decisions of females than of males, pointing to a potentially gendered nature of divorce taboos. PMID:23322379

Furtado, Delia; Marcén, Miriam; Sevilla, Almudena

2013-06-01

251

A Civilization and Its Discontents: United States National Literature and Culture Departments and French Metropolitan Cultural Resistance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how study of French language and culture has increasingly become integrated into introductory language sequences and advanced undergraduate study. The study of the new France, with its cultural and linguistic diversity expands the possibilities for research, teaching, and learning. Interests in French-speaking cultures within and outside…

Sharpley-Whiting, T. Denean

2002-01-01

252

Culture and Difference. Critical Perspectives on the Bicultural Experience in the United States. Critical Studies in Education and Culture Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching and politics of cultural difference and identity are explored in these essays, which examine the possibilities of living with cultural differences through new ethical and pedagogical frameworks. The following chapters are included: (1) "Introduction. The Politics of Biculturalism: Culture and Difference in the Formation of 'Warriors…

Darder, Antonia, Ed.

253

Military Liaison Committee to the Department of Energy. Directive  

SciTech Connect

The Directive reissues DoD Directive 5148.1, January 7, 1959, to redefine the functions and authority of the Military Liaison Committee and the relationship of the Committee with the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Military Departments, the Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Defense Agencies and with the Department of Energy. The Directive implements section 27 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 as amended, Title 42, United States Code 2037(1976), which establishes the Military Liaison Committee.

Reid, J.

1979-01-24

254

Military Campaign Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress, this fine digital archive brings together thousands of maps that offer great detail about major military conflicts, including such information as troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, campsites, local buildings, topography and vegetation. On the site, visitors can also learn about how the maps were digitized, along with specific information about the various technical equipment used to capture the full content of each document. The archive of documents here is not solely historically focused, as there are maps of more contemporary conflict sites, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The entire contents of the archive may be searched in a variety of methods, including through the use of keywords, browsing through a subject list, a creator index, and a geographic location index. From some rather interesting maps of the Brandywine to a Dutch map showing locations of military importance in Pennsylvania and New York, this site will be of interest to historians, cartographers, and many others.

255

Management and routing protocols for military networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Net-Centric Warfare, in all of its forms, revolves around the Internet Protocol suite, using it as the foundation for data transfers. We briefly examine the origins of the Internet Protocol and its design philosophies, as well as the problems this design causes military tactical data systems and radio links. The DARPA Control Plane program's goal was to solve some of these problems; the program's work is covered in sections two and three. An important lesson from the Control Plane program is the ability to maintain much more knowledge, or "state," about networks than was previously thought possible. Given the new ability to maintain more state about both the network and the connections within the network, it is possible to manage military networks in a more controlled fashion than we have in the past. The last two sections of the paper explore a possible approach for more controlled and manageable networks, as well as some of the potential benefits.

Gibson, Timothy

2008-04-01

256

Soldiering with Substance: Substance and Steroid Use among Military Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The military provides a unique social environment given the organization and culture of the institution. Understanding substance use by those inside this institution provides insight into both the population as well as substance use in general. Using data collected from in-depth interviews, this article explores the nature and extent of substance…

Bucher, Jacob

2012-01-01

257

The Place of the Humanities at a Military Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, a captain in the U.S. Coast Guard and professor of English at the Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut, argues in this article that, contrary to images perpetuated in popular culture, military officers do not eschew the arts as exemplified in such films as "Platoon" and "Full Metal Jacket" where the audience is expected to…

Flammang, Lucretia A.

2007-01-01

258

Sino-Soviet Military Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military relations between the Soviet Union and Communist China were never as close as many have assumed, and since 1960 they have been virtually nonexistent. The Chinese have accepted a penalty to their military power as part of the cost of challenging Moscow's leadership in the Com munist world. For the Soviets, the cost has been slight, though they have

Raymond L. Garthoff

1963-01-01

259

Military technology: an historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout history, nations have endeavored to develop new and more advanced technologies with the goal of achieving military advantage. New technologies resulted in new weapons and brought dramatic change in military tactics. The increase in the destructive power of soldiers in the Civil War and the resulting horror and futility of the frontal assault ushered in a change to trench

William J. Perry

2004-01-01

260

Economic Conditions of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and…

Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

2013-01-01

261

Engineering geosciences and military operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The earliest recorded use of geology for the terrain assessment of the battlefield occurred at Katzback in 1813 and contributed to the defeat of Napoleon's Army. Ever since, most major military operations have utilized geologic counsel to evaluate the terrain and features or execute battle actions. The value of geologic insight was recognized in books on the military applications of

George A. Kiersch

1998-01-01

262

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2014-07-01

263

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2013-07-01

264

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2012-07-01

265

Understanding the Military Medical Evaluation Process  

MedlinePLUS

... Military Child. Alcohol and Its Effects Military Extension Internship Program Understanding Commissaries and Exchanges Grief Counseling Options ... on this month's focus Featured Podcast Military Extension Internship Listen Transcript Social Media Hub dropdown menu The ...

266

Where Do They Go from Here?— Retired Military in America  

Microsoft Academic Search

As one heritage of an armed era, the United States will have for the foreseeable future a large—currently, almost one million—and growing population of retired military professionals. One resulting problem involves the sheer cost of military retired pay—$4.8 billion in 1973 and rising rapidly. These costs would be even higher save for the assumption that most retirees can sustain themselves

Albert D. Biderman

1973-01-01

267

Increasing military social work knowledge: an evaluation of learning outcomes.  

PubMed

Service members and veterans face a myriad of health, mental health, and social challenges stemming from the combat and operational stressors experienced during deployment and the challenges ofreintegration to civilian life. To intervene effectively with this population, social workers must be knowledgeable about these issues and the cultural context within which they occur. Although schools of social work across the country are developing course work in military social work, little is known about the learning outcomes of these courses. This article describes a military social work course that was developed to increase student preparedness to work with a military or veteran population and the learning outcomes achieved. Using a quasi-experimental pre-post design, this study compared the learning outcomes of students enrolled in the course with a group of students who had not taken the course. To measure this knowledge, the authors developed a 50-item Military Social Work Knowledge Scale for the study. Significant differences between pre- and posttest scores were found for the social work students enrolled in the course. Specific areas of knowledge that increased for the class participants included knowledge about cultural sensitivity to military populations and knowledge about service and advocacy frameworks. PMID:24693599

Forgey, Mary Ann; Young, Sharon L

2014-02-01

268

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

269

Behavior of transition state regulator AbrB in batch cultures of Bacillus thuringiensis.  

PubMed

The transition state regulator AbrB is involved in the regulation of various cellular functions such as exponential growth, transition state and sporulation onset, due to its ability to activate, suppress or prevent the inappropriate expression of various genes in Bacillus subtilis. In order to understand combined behavior in batch cultures of AbrB in Bacillus thuringiensis, we cloned and expressed the abrB gene of B. thuringiensis in Escherichia coli. The deduced sequence of abrB gene coded for a protein consisting of 94 amino acids with ~10.5 kDa protein that shares 100 and 85 % identity with those from Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis. The recombinant AbrB protein was used as antigen for the production of rabbit polyclonal antibodies anti-AbrB. Two media cultures with carbon: nitrogen ratios of 7.0, but varying access to nutrients were tested in batch cultures. In the case of both media, AbrB accumulation occurred from the beginning of the process and was maximal during early exponential growth. Thereafter, the level of AbrB decreased when there were no nutrient limitations and coincided with a decreased value in specific growth rate, although growth continued exponentially. Nonetheless, sporulation onset was determined 3 h and 4 h later, in media with highly metabolizable nutrients clean medium and Farrera medium, respectively. Hence, the maximal level of AbrB accumulation in batch cultures of B. thuringiensis is not influenced by limiting nutrients; however, nutrient availability affects the required time lapse for transition state regulator accumulation. PMID:25002359

Lozano Goné, Astrid Magdalena; Dinorín Téllez Girón, Jabel; Jiménez Montejo, Fabiola Eloisa; Hidalgo-Lara, María Eugenia; López Y López, Víctor Eric

2014-11-01

270

A Prospective Study of Acute Diarrhea in a Cohort of United States Military Personnel on Deployment to the Multinational Force and Observers, Sinai, Egypt  

PubMed Central

To better understand the epidemiology of diarrhea in deployed personnel to the Middle East, a prospective cohort study of travelers' diarrhea (TD) was conducted between May 2004 and January 2005 at the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) camp in the southern Sinai. A baseline entry questionnaire and stool specimen was provided on study entry, and volunteers were followed every 6 weeks. Of 211 volunteers, 145 (68.7%) completed one or more follow-up visits. In total, 416 follow-up surveys were completed, which described an overall incidence of 25.2 episodes per 100 person months (95% confidence interval = 21.2–30.0). Additionally, stools were collected in 72 of 77 diarrhea-associated clinic visits, with bacterial pathogens most commonly isolated (enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in 30 [42%] samples and Campylobacter jejuni in 7 [10%] samples) Despite modern preventive methods, diarrhea is still a common problem for deployed US military personnel in Egypt, frequently resulting in diminished ability to work. PMID:21212203

Riddle, Mark S.; Rockabrand, David M.; Schlett, Carey; Monteville, Marshall R.; Frenck, Robert W.; Romine, Marcy; Ahmed, Salwa F.; Sanders, John W.

2011-01-01

271

ACQUISITION AND RETENTION OF CROSS-CULTURAL INTERACTION SKILLS THROUGH SELF-CONFRONTATION. FINAL REPORT APR 1965-SEP 1965.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN EXPERIMENT TESTED THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO TECHNIQUES FOR TRAINING UNITED STATES AIR FORCE MILITARY ADVISORS IN CROSS CULTURAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS. RETENTION OF SKILLS OVER TIME AND EFFECTS OF ATTITUDE ON LEARNING WERE ALSO STUDIED. SUBJECTS PLAYED THE ROLE OF AN AIR FORCE CAPTAIN INTERACTING WITH A FOREIGN COUNTERPART, PLAYED BY A…

EACHUS, HERBERT T.; KING, PHILIP H.

272

A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF ACQUIRING CROSS-CULTURAL INTERACTION SKILLS THROUGH SELF-CONFRONTATION. FINAL REPORT JUL 1964-AUG 1964.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN EXPERIMENT CARRIED OUT TO ASSESS THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO METHODS OF TRAINING UNITED STATES AIR FORCE MILITARY ADVISORS IN CROSS-CULTURAL SKILLS REQUIRED SUBJECTS TO PLAY THE ROLE OF AN AMERICAN AIR FORCE CAPTAIN WHO HAD TO INTERACT, IN SPECIFIED WAYS, WITH A FOREIGN COUNTERPART PLAYED BY AN ACTOR. A LIST OF 34 BEHAVIORS APPROPRIATE TO…

EACHUS, HERBERT T.; HAINES, DONALD B.

273

Biodegradation of Palm Kernel Cake by Cellulolytic and Hemicellulolytic Bacterial Cultures through Solid State Fermentation  

PubMed Central

Four cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic bacterial cultures were purchased from the Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Culture (DSMZ) and the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC). Two experiments were conducted; the objective of the first experiment was to determine the optimum time period required for solid state fermentation (SSF) of palm kernel cake (PKC), whereas the objective of the second experiment was to investigate the effect of combinations of these cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic bacteria on the nutritive quality of the PKC. In the first experiment, the SSF was lasted for 12 days with inoculum size of 10% (v/w) on different PKC to moisture ratios. In the second experiment, fifteen combinations were created among the four microbes with one untreated PKC as a control. The SSF lasted for 9 days, and the samples were autoclaved, dried, and analyzed for proximate analysis. Results showed that bacterial cultures produced high enzymes activities at the 4th day of SSF, whereas their abilities to produce enzymes tended to be decreased to reach zero at the 8th day of SSF. Findings in the second experiment showed that hemicellulose and cellulose was significantly (P < 0.05) decreased, whereas the amount of reducing sugars were significantly (P < 0.05) increased in the fermented PKC (FPKC) compared with untreated PKC. PMID:25019097

Alshelmani, Mohamed Idris; Loh, Teck Chwen; Foo, Hooi Ling; Lau, Wei Hong; Sazili, Awis Qurni

2014-01-01

274

Relationship between Hippocampal Volume changes and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder following Traumatic Brain Injury in US Military Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is one of the most common, and serious injuries suffered by United States servicemen in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Compared to roughly 2% of the civilian population, nearly 20% of military personnel returning from current military operations in the Middle East have been diagnosed with TBI. Additionally, an increasing number of military personnel returning

Toby Emanuel

2011-01-01

275

Social and Cultural Influences on Tobacco-Related Health Disparities among South Asians in the United States  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To explore and understand key cultural contexts of tobacco use among South Asian communities in the United States. DESIGN Focus groups, with homogenous compositions of gender, generational status, and length of time in the United States, were conducted in two distinct South Asian ethnic enclaves. Focus group findings were triangulated with observational data regarding availability of culturally-specific tobacco from commercial ethnic outlets and cultural events. SUBJECTS Respondents included 88 men and women of South Asian descent, aged 18 to 65 years, immigrant and native born, representing diversity of religion, socioeconomic status, and region of origin, with use of at least one culturally-specific tobacco product in previous 24 months. RESULTS A large number of culturally-specific products are commonly used by community members. Knowledge of product-specific health risks was lacking or inaccurate. Many culturally-specific tobacco products were considered to have beneficial properties. South Asian tobacco items were used to preserve cultural traditions and express ethnic identity in a new dominant culture. The social and cultural value ascribed to use helped distinguish community members from mainstream society and from other minority populations. CONCLUSIONS Many cultural factors govern tobacco use among diverse global populations. Especially for migrants with a common regional origin, the role of ethnic identity may strongly influence culturally-specific tobacco patterns. Qualitative inquiry helps elucidate such culturally-framed behaviors in culturally-diverse populations. These cultural contexts should be integrated into research and practice. Understanding multidimensional factors influencing non-traditional tobacco use is key to ensuring that comprehensive tobacco control strategies address tobacco-related disparities. PMID:21708814

Mukherjea, Arnab; Morgan, Patricia A.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Ling, Pamela M.; Ivey, Susan L.

2011-01-01

276

How Much Culture Is Enough? Inuit Teachers' Perceptions on the State of Inuit Culture in Nunavik Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights findings of a survey conducted with the Kativik School Board, Canada, to gain insight into the perceptions of Inuit teachers concerning how Inuit culture is taught in the classroom. While findings indicate that teachers are integrating Inuit culture to varying degrees, roughly half of respondents suggest that not enough Inuit…

Stevenson, Blair

2014-01-01

277

Cultural perspectives on aging and well-being: a comparison of Japan and the United States.  

PubMed

This study investigated age differences in multiple aspects of psychological well-being among midlife and older adults in Japan (N = 482) and the United States (N = 3,032) to test the hypothesis that older Japanese adults would rate aspects of their well-being (personal growth, purpose in life, positive relations with others) more highly that older U.S. adults. Partial support was found: older adults in Japan showed higher scores on personal growth compared to midlife adults, whereas the opposite age pattern was found in the United States. However, purpose in life showed lower scores for older adults in both cultural contexts. Interpersonal well-being, as hypothesized, was rated significantly higher, relative to the overall well-being, among Japanese compared to U.S. respondents, but only among younger adults. Women in both cultures showed higher interpersonal well-being, but also greater negative affect compared with men. Suggestions for future inquiries to advance understanding of aging and well-being in distinct cultural contexts are detailed. PMID:21922800

Karasawa, Mayumi; Curhan, Katherine B; Markus, Hazel Rose; Kitayama, Shinobu S; Love, Gayle Dienberg; Radler, Barry T; Ryff, Carol D

2011-01-01

278

End state copying by humans (Homo sapiens): implications for a comparative perspective on cumulative culture.  

PubMed

It has been proposed that the uniqueness of human cumulative culture may be attributable to humans' greater orientation toward copying the process of behavior (imitation), as compared with the products (emulation), resulting in particularly high fidelity transmission. Following from previous work indicating that adult human participants can exhibit cumulative learning on the basis of product copying alone, we now investigate whether such learning involves high fidelity transmission. Eighty adult human (Homo sapiens) participants were presented with a task previously shown to elicit cumulative learning under experimental conditions, which involved building a tower from spaghetti and modeling clay. Each participant was shown two completed towers, ostensibly built by previous participants, but actually built to prespecified designs by the experimenter. This end state information was provided either in the form of photographs, or the presence of actual towers. High fidelity matching to these end states was apparent in both demonstration conditions, even for a design that was demonstrably suboptimal with regard to the goal of the task (maximizing tower height). We conclude that, although high fidelity transmission is likely to be implicated in cumulative culture, action copying is not always necessary for this to occur. Furthermore, since chimpanzees apparently copy behavioral processes and well as products, and also transmit behavior with high fidelity, the stark absence of unequivocal examples of cumulative culture in nonhumans may be attributable to factors other than imitative ability. PMID:22468937

Caldwell, Christine A; Schillinger, Kerstin; Evans, Cara L; Hopper, Lydia M

2012-05-01

279

Unveiling steady-state multiplicity in hybridoma cultures: the cybernetic approach.  

PubMed

Mammalian cells grown in suspension produce waste metabolites such as lactate, alanine, and ammonia, which reduce the yield of cell mass and the desired product on the nutrients supplied. Previous studies (Cruz et al., 1999; Europa et al., 2000; Follstad et al., 1999) have shown that the cells can be made to alter their metabolism by starving them on their nutrients in continuous cultures at low dilution rates or starting the culture as a fed-batch. This leads to multiple steady states in continuous reactors, with some states being more favorable than others. Mathematical models that take into account the metabolic regulation that leads to these multiple steady states are invaluable tools for bioreactor control. In this article we present a cybernetic modeling strategy in which Metabolic Flux Analysis (MFA) is used to guide the cybernetic formulation. The hybridoma model presented as a result of this strategy considers the partially substitutable, partially complementary nature of glucose and glutamine. The choice of competitions within the network is guided by MFA and the model is successful in explaining the three multiple steady states observed. The cybernetic model though identified for the hybridoma experiments of Hu and others (Europa et al., 2000) seem generally applicable to mammalian systems as it captures the pathways that are common to mammalian cells grown in suspension. The model presented here could be used for start-up strategies for continuous reactors and model-based feedback control for maintaining high productivity of the reactor. PMID:12432584

Namjoshi, Abhijit Anand; Hu, Wei-Shou; Ramkrishna, Doraiswami

2003-01-01

280

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Factors Associated with School Bullying in Japan and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers in both Japan and in the United States have documented that bullying is a common and potentially damaging form of violence among children. The authors' review highlights distinct cross-cultural patterns of personal, family, peer, and school characteristics that predict gender differences in bullying and victimization. Cross-cultural

Hilton, Jeanne M.; Anngela-Cole, Linda; Wakita, Juri

2010-01-01

281

Joint-Service Integration: An Organizational Culture Study of the United States Department of Defense Voluntary Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the descriptive case study with a multiple case framework was to (a) describe the organizational cultures of education programs and leaders in the United States (U.S.) Department of Defense (DoD) voluntary education system on Oahu, Hawaii; (b) determine if an overlapping common organizational culture exists; and (c) assess the…

Benson, Martin K.

2010-01-01

282

"Attraction, Attention, and Desire": Consumer Culture as Pedagogical Paradigm in Museums in the United States, 1900-1930  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urged on by a young generation of reform-minded professionals, museums in the United States adopted the premises and practices of consumer culture in the early twentieth century. This article argues that this turn towards consumer culture resulted from a new institutional commitment to public education and a radical re-conception of visual…

Cain, Victoria

2012-01-01

283

Ethos of Independence across Regions in the United States: The Production-Adoption Model of Cultural Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary U.S. culture has a highly individualistic ethos. Nevertheless, exactly how this ethos was historically fostered remains unanalyzed. A new model of dynamic cultural change maintains that sparsely populated, novel environments that impose major threats to survival, such as the Western frontier in the United States during the 18th and…

Kitayama, Shinobu; Conway, Lucian Gideon, III; Pietromonaco, Paula R.; Park, Hyekyung; Plaut, Victoria C.

2010-01-01

284

Dimensionality of military professional values items: an exploratory factor analysis of data from the spring 1996 Sample Survey of Military Personnel.  

PubMed

The Sample Survey of Military Personnel in Spring 1996 included detailed questions specifically about soldiers' professional values, centered on personal beliefs about loyalty and integrity values. Maximum likelihood factor analysis yielded four factors, labeled military dedication, integrity, job commitment, and military bearing. Scales developed from these factors showed acceptable internal consistency reliability and correlated as expected with measures of satisfaction with Army life, retention, soldier morale, combat preparedness, and overall job satisfaction. A regression analysis indicated that the best predictors of loyalty to the Army and to the United States were job commitment and military bearing, not integrity, as had been expected. PMID:12841452

Schumm, Walter R; Gade, Paul A; Bell, D Bruce

2003-06-01

285

“Crestspeak”: British Military Crested Ceramics, Military Socialization, and Collective Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many parts of the world, excavations of British military sites have unearthed material reflecting lifeways in the British\\u000a Empire. Specifically, studies of historical ceramics and glass have greatly advanced our understanding of status and material\\u000a expression. This study highlights the current body of knowledge on British military crested ceramics, contrasting the rarity\\u000a of archaeological finds with their abundance in

Paul A. Demers

2009-01-01

286

76 FR 28066 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...in the possession of the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University, Pullman...glass beads was given to the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University on...

2011-05-13

287

Sleep and Academic Performance in U.S. Military Training and Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines the effects of military training regimes, which might include some degree of sleep deprivation, on sleep-wake schedules. We report a 4-year longitudinal study of sleep patterns of cadets at the United States Military Academy and the consequences of an extension of sleep from 6 to 8 hr per night at the United States Navy's…

Miller, Nita Lewis; Shattuck, Lawrence G.; Matsangas, Panagiotis; Dyche, Jeff

2008-01-01

288

Page 98 California Cultural Studies Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog Native American Studies, Chicano and Latino Studies, Anthropol-  

E-print Network

Page 98 California Cultural Studies Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog Native American Studies Edward Castillo/Native American Studies William Crowley/Geography Steve Estes/History Michael Ezra

Ravikumar, B.

289

Cultural impacts on public perceptions of agricultural biotechnology: A comparison of South Korea and the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to Millar (1996), the gulf between science and society is growing. Technologies are tools cultures develop to solve society's problems. The rapid dispersion of science and technology across cultural borders through trade, technology transfer and exchange, increasingly requires people in different cultures to make choices about accepting or rejecting artifacts of science and technology such as genetically modified (GM) foods, which originate primarily from the United States. These issues challenge policy makers and scientists to account for the affects of different cultural perspectives on controversial scientific issues. Given the controversy across cultures over acceptance or rejection of genetically modified (GM) foods, GM foods are an excellent example with which to begin to reveal how culture impacts public perceptions of the risk and benefits of science and technology in different societies. This research will: (1) Define public awareness and understanding of science, specifically GM foods; (2) Examine culture's impact on knowledge, including different cultural approaches to research; and (3) Compare recent findings of a bi-national public opinion survey on GM comparing in South Korea and the United States. The proposed research outlines two research questions: (1) How and in what ways do South Koreans and Americans differ in their opinions about GMOs? This question is important for gathering current points of contrast about how the two cultures may differ; and (2) What role does culture play on opinion formation about GM foods? Through grounded theory, the researcher will investigate how cultural differences help explain opinion on public perceptions of GM foods. Is it possible to identify common cultural factors that impact public perceptions of GM foods between South Koreans and Americans? The study will utilize both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Higher education is a major producer of new science and technology. The study is significant for higher education administrators who must understand cultural factors impacting science internationally and globalization of the academic enterprise.

Nader, Richard Harrison

290

Dilemmas and controversies within civilian and military organizations in the execution of humanitarian aid in Iraq: a review.  

PubMed

Civilian humanitarian assistance organizations and military forces are working in a similar direction in many humanitarian operations around the world. However, tensions exist over the role of the military in such operations. The purpose of this article is to review cultural perspectives of civilian and military actors and to discuss recent developments in civil-military humanitarian collaboration in the provision of health services in Iraq for guiding such collaborative efforts in postconflict and other settings in future. Optimal collaborative efforts are most likely to be achieved through the following tenets: defining appropriate roles for military forces at the beginning of humanitarian operations (optimally the provision of transportation, logistical coordination, and security), promoting development of ongoing relationships between civilian and military agencies, establishment of humanitarian aid training programs for Department of Defense personnel, and the need for the military to develop and use quantitative aid impact indicators for assuring quality and effectiveness of humanitarian aid. PMID:21319556

Morton, Melinda J; Burnham, Gilbert M

2010-01-01

291

Cultural differences in patterns of mood states on board the International Space Station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on our previous studies of astronauts and cosmonauts, we hypothesized that the patterning of mood states among International Space Station (ISS) crewmembers would vary by culture, regardless of the overall frequency of these states in each cultural group. Russian clinicians recognize a pattern of distress known as asthenia. According to the asthenia model, depression should covary with fatigue. According to the American model of psychological distress, depression and fatigue are two separate syndromes and therefore would be less likely to covary within individuals. Previously, we found support for this cultural difference in patterns of mood states in two data sets. Our team's new study of ISS personnel provided an opportunity to replicate these analyses again. Results show the predicted cultural differences for crewmembers during flight. These results are consistent with Russian space psychologists’ concept of asthenization, which is believed to be an early indicator of stress among cosmonauts during long-duration space missions. However, American astronauts manifest distress differently. It is important to use culturally appropriate assessment strategies in order to detect stress reactions accurately while they are still mild, because they have the potential to seriously disrupt future international space missions, such as a flight to Mars. Russian Abstract ???T?PA??H?E PA?????? ?PO???E? HACTPOEH?? HA ?OPT? M?C Ha ?a?e ?a??x ?pe???y??x ?cc?e?o?a??? ?oc?o?a??o? ? ac?po?a??o?, ?? ?pe?c?a???? ???o???y o ?o?; ??o ?po???? ?ac?poe??? cpe?? ??e?o? ????a?a Me??y?apo??o? ?oc???ec?o? C?a???? (M?C) pa?????? ? pa???x ?y???ypax, ?ec?o?p? ?a a?co????oe ?o???ec??o ???x coc?o???? ? ?a??o? ?py??e. Pocc??c??e c?e??a??c?? co??a?? c???po? ??c?o??op?a ?a???ae????ac?e????. C?e?y? ?o?e?? ac?e???, ?e?pecc?? ?o???a ?oppe??po?a?? c yc?a?oc???. C?e?y? a?ep??a?c?o? ?o?e?? ?c?xo?o???ec?o?o ??c?o??op?a, ?e?pecc?? ? yc?a?oc?? ??o ??a o??e????x c???po?a, ? ?o??o?y o?? ?e?ee ?epo???o c???a?? ?py? c ?py?o? cpe?? ???????yy?o?. ?o ??o?a? ?a??x ??yx ?pe???y??x ?cc?e?o?a??? ?? ?aш

Boyd, Jennifer E.; Kanas, Nick; Gushin, Vadim I.; Stephanie Saylor

2007-10-01

292

Military Takeover Complete in Pakistan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

General Pervez Musharraf assumed the position of chief executive of Pakistan early this morning, completing a very quick and bloodless coup that began on Tuesday night. General Musharraf declared a state of emergency, suspending the constitution and the national and provincial assemblies, dismissing the provincial governments and governors, and banning the Supreme Court from challenging his authority. Reaction to the coup has been rather muted within Pakistan and abroad. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who is now in custody, was increasingly unpopular in Pakistan because of the country's dire economic situation, his handling of the conflict with India in Kashmir, and what some saw as his systematic efforts to undermine the authority of rival political parties and branches of government. Foreign officials and editorials have criticized the military and called for the restoration of civilian rule as soon as possible. However, many have also acknowledged Sharif's poor record and some have even called for a transitional "technocratic" government to revive the economy and fight corruption. While the crucial question of foreign aid and loans to Pakistan is still very much up in the air, it does appear that at least some nations, most notably arch-rival India, are prepared to do business with Pakistan's new leaders, at least for the short term.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

293

Military Veterans (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... if you can still get 2015 coverage Health care coverage options for military veterans If you're enrolled in TRICARE or the Veterans health care program, you're considered covered under the health ...

294

Measuring Underemployment Among Military Spouses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is it like to be a military spouse? It can present some rather unique challenges including underemployment. This 111-page report by researchers Nelson Lim and David Schulker on underemployment among military spouses was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the work was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute. The work examines the extent and causes of underemployment among military spouses, and it also looks at their "look-alikes", who in this case happen to be a group of similar civilian wives. Their research indicates that military wives are much more likely not to be in the labor force, and they are also more likely to have relatively high levels of education for their jobs when compared to their civilian counterparts. Visitors will want to read over all seven chapters of the report, and they can also consult the indices, graphs, and helpful charts.

295

Makers of Modern Strategy: Military  

E-print Network

to the study of military strategy and the art of warfare, this seminar provoked fresh perspectives on how the challenge that nuclear weapons posed, given pro- nouncements that such weapons had rendered war

Landweber, Laura

296

Occupations: Military--Civilian Occupational Source Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on enlisted military occupations is offered in the source book to arrive at a comprehensive statement of job tasks in the military service and their similarities to jobs in civilian life. Basic information about five areas of the U.S. military services (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) focuses on their military

Armed Forces Vocational Testing Group, Universal City, TX.

297

Expression of apolipoprotein E by cultured vascular smooth muscle cells is controlled by growth state  

PubMed Central

Rat vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) in culture synthesize and secrete a approximately 38,000-Mr protein doublet or triplet that, as previously described (Majack and Bornstein. 1984. J. Cell Biol. 99:1688- 1695), rapidly and reversibly accumulates in the SMC culture medium upon addition of heparin. In the present study, we show that this approximately 38,000-Mr heparin-regulated protein is electrophoretically and immunologically identical to apolipoprotein E (apo-E), a major plasma apolipoprotein involved in cholesterol transport. In addition, we show that expression of apo-E by cultured SMC varies according to growth state: while proliferating SMC produced little apo-E and expressed low levels of apo-E mRNA, quiescent SMC produced significantly more apo-E (relative to other proteins) and expressed markedly increased levels of apo-E mRNA. Northern analysis of RNA extracted from aortic tissue revealed that fully differentiated, quiescent SMC contain significant quantities of apo-E mRNA. These data establish aortic SMC as a vascular source for apo-E and suggest new functional roles for this apolipoprotein, possibly unrelated to traditional concepts of lipid metabolism. PMID:2458361

1988-01-01

298

GRAZING AND MILITARY VEHICLE EFFECTS ON GRASSLAND SOILS AND VEGETATION  

E-print Network

:cattlegrazing,disturbance,grasslands,GreatPlainsecosystems,militaryimpacts,state-and-transition models IntroductIon Public land managers face pressure to maintain ecosystems, often in an idealizedGRAZING AND MILITARY VEHICLE EFFECTS ON GRASSLAND SOILS AND VEGETATION John A. Guretzky and Alan B natural state, while supporting multiple and sometimes conflicting land uses(NationalResearchCouncil1994

Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

299

WILDLAND FIRE SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Naturally occurring and human induced wildland fires on military of the Warner College of Natural Resources within Colorado State University, we also have access to world class) database at CSU, much of the infrastructure necessary for state of the art fire management planning

300

Artists, Tourists, and the State: Cultural Tourism and the Flamenco Industry in Andalusia, Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I seek to demonstrate how research on cultural industries and tourism combined yields insights into the contemporary dynamics of cultural survival in the age of globalization. Tourism is increasingly an important economic force that facilitates cultural mobility and promotes cultural consumption, and in turn contributes to the growth of a regionally embedded cultural industry. I take the

YUKO AOYAMA

2009-01-01

301

A Longitudinal Analysis of Cigarette Prices in Military Retail Outlets  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We conducted a longitudinal assessment of tobacco pricing in military retail outlets, including trends within each service branch. Methods. We determined the price of a single pack of Marlboro Red cigarettes at military retail stores located in the continental United States, Alaska, and Hawaii and at their nearest Walmarts in spring 2011 and 2013 (n?=?128 for pairs available at both assessments). Results. The average difference between cigarettes sold in military retail outlets and Walmarts decreased from 24.5% in 2011 to 12.5% in 2013. The decrease was partially attributable to significant price decreases at Walmarts. The largest increases in cigarette prices occurred on naval installations. Potential savings at stores on several installations remained substantial in 2013; the largest approached $6 per pack. Stores on 17 military installations decreased cigarette prices during the study period. Conclusions. Tobacco can be purchased in military retail stores at substantial savings over civilian stores. If tobacco pricing is to cease to be an incentive for use among personnel, a revised military tobacco pricing policy is needed. PMID:24524503

Haddock, Christopher Keith; Hyder, Melissa L.; Poston, Walker S.?C.; Jahnke, Sara A.; Williams, Larry N.; Lando, Harry

2014-01-01

302

The Cellular State Determines the Effect of Melatonin on the Survival of Mixed Cerebellar Cell Culture  

PubMed Central

The constitutive activation of nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B), a key transcription factor involved in neuroinflammation, is essential for the survival of neurons in situ and of cerebellar granule cells in culture. Melatonin is known to inhibit the activation of NF-?B and has a cytoprotective function. In this study, we evaluated whether the cytoprotective effect of melatonin depends on the state of activation of a mixed cerebellar culture that is composed predominantly of granule cells; we tested the effect of melatonin on cultured rat cerebellar cells stimulated or not with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The addition of melatonin (0.1 nM–1 µM) reduced the survival of naïve cells while inhibiting LPS-induced cell death. Melatonin (100 nM) transiently (15 min) inhibited the nuclear translocation of both NF-?B dimers (p50/p50, p50/RelA) and, after 60 min, increased the activation of p50/RelA. Melatonin-induced p50/RelA activity in naïve cells resulted in the transcription of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the production of NO. Otherwise, in cultures treated with LPS, melatonin blocked the LPS-induced activation of p50/RelA and the reduction in p50/p50 levels and inhibited iNOS expression and NO synthesis. Therefore, melatonin in vehicle-treated cells induces cell death, while it protects against LPS-induced cytotoxicity. In summary, we confirmed that melatonin is a neuroprotective drug when cerebellar cells are challenged; however, melatonin can also lead to cell death when the normal balance of the NF-?B pathway is disturbed. Our data provide a mechanistic basis for understanding the influence of cell context on the final output response of melatonin. PMID:25184316

Franco, Daiane Gil; Markus, Regina P.

2014-01-01

303

Totipotent Embryonic Stem Cells Arise in Ground-State Culture Conditions  

PubMed Central

Summary Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from mammalian embryos during the transition from totipotency, when individual blastomeres can make all lineages, to pluripotency, when they are competent to make only embryonic lineages. ESCs maintained with inhibitors of MEK and GSK3 (2i) are thought to represent an embryonically restricted ground state. However, we observed heterogeneous expression of the extraembryonic endoderm marker Hex in 2i-cultured embryos, suggesting that 2i blocked development prior to epiblast commitment. Similarly, 2i ESC cultures were heterogeneous and contained a Hex-positive fraction primed to differentiate into trophoblast and extraembryonic endoderm. Single Hex-positive ESCs coexpressed epiblast and extraembryonic genes and contributed to all lineages in chimeras. The cytokine LIF, necessary for ESC self-renewal, supported the expansion of this population but did not directly support Nanog-positive epiblast-like ESCs. Thus, 2i and LIF support a totipotent state comparable to early embryonic cells that coexpress embryonic and extraembryonic determinants. PMID:23746443

Morgani, Sophie M.; Canham, Maurice A.; Nichols, Jennifer; Sharov, Alexei A.; Migueles, Rosa Portero; Ko, Minoru S.H.; Brickman, Joshua M.

2013-01-01

304

Economic conditions of military families.  

PubMed

For military children and their families, the economic news is mostly good. After a period of steady pay increases, James Hosek and Shelley MacDermid Wadsworth write, service members typically earn more than civilians with a comparable level of education. Moreover, they receive many other benefits that civilians often do not, including housing allowances, subsidized child care, tuition assistance, and top-of-the-line comprehensive health care. Of course, service members tend to work longer hours than civilians do, and they are exposed to hazards that civilians rarely, if ever, face. The extra pay they receive when they are deployed to combat zones helps their families cope financially but cannot alleviate the stress. Though service members are relatively well paid, the military lifestyle takes a toll on the earnings of their spouses. Chiefly because the military requires service members to move frequently, spouses' careers are regularly interrupted, and employers are hesitant to offer them jobs that require a large investment in training or a long learning curve. More military spouses than comparable civilian spouses are either unemployed or work fewer hours than they would like, and military spouses overall tend to earn less than their civilian counterparts. Despite the military's relatively high pay, some service members and their families--particularly among the junior enlisted ranks--report financial distress, and a handful even qualify for food stamps. Moreover, precisely because military pay tends to be higher than civilian pay, families may see a drop in income when a service member leaves the armed forces. Finally, the pay increases of recent years have slowed, and force cutbacks are coming; both of these factors will alter the financial picture for service members, possibly for the worse. PMID:25518691

Hosek, James; Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid

2013-01-01

305

Working with Veterans, Active Duty Military, and Military Families A Collection of Career Transition Resources  

E-print Network

Working with Veterans, Active Duty Military, and Military Families A Collection of Career Association Military Interest page: After the Army - http disorder (PTSD). American Corporate Partners - http://www.acp-usa.org/ Networking, mentoring

Vertes, Akos

306

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...support of the U.S. Armed Forces' operation during some period... (a) An official U.S. Government notification of personnel...official duty for the U.S. Government outside the United States and was assigned to a U.S. Armed Forces' operation some time...

2014-01-01

307

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...support of the U.S. Armed Forces' operation during some period... (a) An official U.S. Government notification of personnel...official duty for the U.S. Government outside the United States and was assigned to a U.S. Armed Forces' operation some time...

2013-01-01

308

14 CFR Sfar No. 100 - 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...support of the U.S. Armed Forces' operation during some period... (a) An official U.S. Government notification of personnel...official duty for the U.S. Government outside the United States and was assigned to a U.S. Armed Forces' operation some time...

2012-01-01

309

Satellite vegetation index data as a tool to forecast population dynamics of medically important mosquitoes at military installations in the Continental United States  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The United States faces many existing and emerging mosquito-borne disease threats such as West Nile virus (WNV) and Rift Valley fever (RVF). An important component of strategic prevention and control plans for these and other mosquito-borne diseases is forecasting the distribution, timing, and abund...

310

[Prospective concepts of the military field therapy development].  

PubMed

The authors suggested the main problems solved by the military field therapy: development, scientific rationale, systematic improvement and practical application of the organizational form of first aid for the wounded in conditions of combat actions; research on the etiology, pathogenesis and clinical picture of states caused by effect of weapon of mass destruction (nuclear weapon, chemical weapon, etc); development of methods of diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment of the abovementioned states; research of the pattern, clinical progression and treatment of somatization disorders in conditions of combat and casual activity of troops, analysis of morbidity among the troops and development of prophylaxis;formulation of military-medical questionnaire and development of the system of rehabilitation for the wounded. Searching for innovative methods for solving the problems of military field therapy is the current problem. Modern warfare changed the concept of delivery of health care, effectiveness of evacuative actions, training of medical personnel and medical maintaining. The authors came to conclusion that qualitative technology breakthrough in development of military medicine and military field therapy would not happen without strategic understanding and learning of prospect technologies. PMID:24000636

Khalimov, Iu Sh; Matveev, S Iu; Kuz'min, V G; Vetriakov, O V

2013-06-01

311

Military laser weapons: current controversies.  

PubMed

Military laser weapons systems are becoming indispensable in most modern armies. These lasers have undergone many stages of development, and have outpaced research on eye protection measures, which continue to have inherent limitations. Eye injuries caused by military lasers are increasingly reported, leading to speculation that these would become an important cause of blinding in modern conflicts. As part of the effort to ban inhumane weapons, international laws have been passed to restrict the proliferation of such blinding weapons. However, there are controversies concerning the interpretation, implementation and effectiveness of these laws. The ophthalmic community can play a greater role in highlighting ocular morbidity from military lasers, and in preventing their further proliferation. PMID:11471090

Seet, B; Wong, T Y

2001-09-01

312

Specific Marker Expression and Cell State of Schwann Cells during Culture In Vitro  

PubMed Central

Schwann cells (SCs) in animals exist in different developmental stages or wound repair phases, distinguished mainly by the expression of SC-specific markers. No study has yet determined SC state under in vitro culture conditions, and the specific markers expressed in SC are obscure as well. In this study, we harvested sciatic nerves from newborn mice and isolated SCs by an enzyme-digestion method, then we examined the expression profiles of ten markers (S100, p75NTR, Sox10, Sox2, GAP43, NCAM, Krox20, Oct6, MBP, and MPZ) at both the RNA and protein levels in in vitro mouse SCs and speculated their relation with in vivo SC stages. We assayed RNA and protein levels of SC specific markers by immunofluorescence, Western Blot, and real-time quantitative RT-PCR. The results show that the expression of most markers (S100, p75NTR, GAP43, NCAM, Krox20, Oct6, MBP and MPZ) was not detectable in all of early stage cultured SCs. The expression of transcription factors Sox10 and Sox2 was, however, detectable in all SCs. After 8 days, the positive expression rate of all markers except GAP43 and Oct6 was almost 100%.These results indicates Sox10 is a necessary marker for SC identification, while S100 is not reliable. SCs cultured in vitro express Sox2, P75NTR, NCAM, GAP43, Oct6, and MPZ, suggesting that they are similar to in vivo undifferentiated iSCs or dedifferentiated iSCs after nerve injury. PMID:25859851

Chen, Lulu; Wang, Yang; Yang, Xiaonan; Cheng, Jia; Wu, Wei; Qi, Zuoliang; Shen, Zunli

2015-01-01

313

A perspective on safeguarding and monitoring of excess military plutonium  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to provide a perspective and framework for the development of safeguarding and monitoring procedures for the various stages of disposition of excess military plutonium. The paper briefly outlines and comments on some of the issues involved in safeguarding and monitoring excess military plutonium as it progresses from weapons through dismantlement, to fabrication as reactor fuel, to use in a reactor, and finally to storage and disposal as spent fuel. {open_quotes}Military{close_quotes} refers to ownership, and includes both reactor-grade and weapon-grade plutonium. {open_quotes}Excess{close_quotes} refers to plutonium (in any form) that a government decides is no longer needed for military use and can be irrevocably removed from military stockpiles. Many of the issues and proposals presented in this paper are based on, or are similar to, those mentioned in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on excess military plutonium. Safeguards for plutonium disposition are discussed elsewhere in terms of requirements established by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Here, the discussion is less specific. The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} is used broadly to refer to materials control and accountancy (MC&A), containment and surveillance (C&S), and physical protection of nuclear materials by the state that possesses those materials. This is also referred to as material protection, control, and accountancy (MPCA). The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} was chosen for brevity and to distinguish MPCA considered in this paper from international or IAEA safeguards. {open_quotes}Monitoring{close_quotes} is used to refer to activities designed to assure another party (state or international organization) that the nuclear materials of the host state (the United States or Russia) are secure and not subject to unauthorized use.

Sutcliffe, W.G.

1994-10-02

314

The Success of a National Dialogue on Sustainable Military Range Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military munitions are the silent giant of hazardous waste management and cleanup in the United States. Toward the end of the first Clinton administration, the Navy and Air Force prevailed upon the Army--the armed service with the biggest ordnance problem--to consider co-sponsoring a formal dialogue on military munitions facilitated by the…

Siegel, Lenny

2003-01-01

315

20 CFR 614.6 - Determinations of entitlement; notices to individual and Federal military agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of entitlement; notices to individual and Federal military agency...entitlement; notices to individual and Federal military agency...the applicable Schedule of Remuneration which are final and conclusive...whose State law applies to an individual under § 614.8...

2010-04-01

316

Military vehicle trafficking impacts vegetation and soil bulk density at Fort Benning, Georgia  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Potential increases in wind erosion that might be brought about by military vehicles travelling off-road during training are of concern to the United States military. Field studies were conducted in the summer of 2012 at Fort Benning, Georgia. The objective of the experiment was to assess the traffi...

317

The Proud Story of Military Child Care: An Exchange Trend Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Barbara Thompson, the Director of the Office of Family Policy/Children and Youth in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. In the interview, Thompson talks about trends in military child care in the United States. She shares when the military got into the business of providing child care. She also talks…

Neugebauer, Roger

2011-01-01

318

Award of Credit for Military Training USF Policy #34-001 Veterans Services for Students  

E-print Network

Award of Credit for Military Training USF Policy #34-001 Veterans Services for Students (BOG 6.013 Military Veterans and Active Duty) Students who are or were eligible members of the United States Armed in the excess hours fee per BOG Regulation 7.003. Priority course registration will be provided for each veteran

Meyers, Steven D.

319

International Military Education and Training: An Assessment. McNair Paper 44.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results of a study team's analysis of the extent to which International Military Education and Training (IMET) serves U.S. interests. It describes whether IMET has done the following: (1) facilitated access to senior military and political leaders and promoted communication between the United States and recipient countries;…

Cope, John A.

320

Military R&D: Cause or Consequence of the Arms Race?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The way military research and development (R&D) are organized in the United States, in the Soviet Union, and in some other advanced industrial countries is examined to determine how far the organization of R&D can explain the trends and direction of military technology. (RM)

Kaldor, Mary

1983-01-01

321

A Professional Development School in Action: Meeting the Needs of Military-Connected Students and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the fall of 2011, an undergraduate student who is also a military spouse and mother of school-aged children, shared with the College of Education (COE) at Kansas State University faculty her concerns about the necessity of intentional preparation of teachers and counselors regarding the unique needs of military-connected children. From that…

Risberg, Sandy; Curtis, Laurie; Shivers, Lucas

2014-01-01

322

Bite protection analysis of permethrin-treated U.S. Military uniforms  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Historically, combat casualties from diseases have greatly outnumbered battle injuries received from actual combat during military operations. Since 1951, United States military combat uniforms have been treated within insecticides to protect personnel from arthropod attack. In the 1970s and 1980s,...

323

Academic Quality Control: The Case of College Programs on Military Bases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of college programs at 13 U.S. military bases and the activities of various agencies for maintaining quality control were evaluated. Based on site visits to military bases in the continental United States and Hawaii in 1978, some academic programs appeared to have few standards and practices that promote quality. It is claimed that…

Bailey, Stephen K.

324

Strengthening Our Military Families  

MedlinePLUS

... maintaining the highest state of readiness; 1. Flake EM, Davis BE, Johnson PL, Middleton LS. The psychosocial ... 362:101-109. January 14, 2010. 4. Flake EM, Davis BE, Johnson PL, Middleton LS. The psychosocial ...

325

Funeral Processions, Street Urchins, Education, and Surveillance--The Relationship between Education, State Building, Vagrancy, and Cultural Change in Stockholm, Sweden in the Latter Half of the Seventeenth Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modernization of the educational system was an important priority for the government. Sweden emerged as a dominant military power during the 17th century. The new schools were then established in the midst of a social, political, and cultural transformation with fundamental effects on the school system. The new schools had difficulties freeing…

Sandin, Bengt

2003-01-01

326

State autonomy, policy paralysis: paradoxes of institutions and culture in the French health care system.  

PubMed

In this article, we assess the recent performance of the French state at containing costs in health care using political science concepts such as path dependency and incentives, which are central to an economic approach. The article focuses on institutional capacities and cultural immobilism and attempts to lay bare the tensions at play in seizing (or not) opportunities for structural change. In particular, we attempt to delineate what constitutes real change in this policy arena (big reforms versus the accumulation of many small policy movements) and to understand the variables at play in the coming together of conjunctures that provide for the big, as well as the underlying structures that allow the accumulation of the small. Except in cases of favorable conjuncture, the analysis bodes very ill for nonincremental reform and, indeed, for significant change over the long term. PMID:15943389

Rochaix, Lise; Wilsford, David

2005-01-01

327

Future conflict and military doctrine  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major tasks of the new appointment of Director General Land Warfare is that of producing an authoritative, coherent military doctrine for all levels of the army for every type of conflict. But before this can be done the nature of doctrine itself must be understood and defined, as well as the contingencies for which it is planned.

M. A. Willcocks

1994-01-01

328

Electronics - Key military 'force multiplier'  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that one of the most significant roles of advanced electronics in the national defense system is in multiplication of the combat effectiveness of weapon systems, maximizing the capabilities of less sophisticated and less costly systems. Military applications of three rapidly developing electronic technologies - electro-optics, radio frequency and microwaves, and computers - are discussed. Among the areas

M. R. Currie

1976-01-01

329

The Caltech Political Military Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Caltech political military exercise (PME) is a game in which players assume roles of leaders of various countries and attempt to act as they think these leaders would in a time of international crises. The main purposes of the exercise are (1) to provide students with an experience in crisis diplomacy and policy formation, and (2) to provide a…

Munger, E. S.; And Others

330

MILITARY LEAVE WORKSHEET PERSONAL INFORMATION  

E-print Network

will not be credited any sick nor family and personal leave while I am on leave without pay. I want to retain all my sick and family and personal leave balance. I know my balances lapse on January 9th each year. I want to use all my family and personal leave balance before going on military leave without pay. I know I may

Swaddle, John

331

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes  

E-print Network

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb, in a censored version. On August 11, 1945, five days after the Allies dropped the first nuclear bomb on Japan physics and the history of radioactivity; a chronicle of the efforts to break down the atom by bombardment

Landweber, Laura

332

Military Education: Models from Antiquity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike Westerners today, the Greeks and Romans put military training at the heart of their educational system. Examining the ancients' preoccupation with the inculcation of soldierly skills and disciplines, Professor Strauss asks whether we can find profit in their example. (Contains 7 footnotes.)

Strauss, Barry

2008-01-01

333

Military Deployments: Evaluating Teacher Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed method study examined the possible influence of a military deployment online tutorial on teacher knowledge. DoDEA and public school teachers were the two groups used for the study. From this exploratory study, the researcher also wanted to explore if teachers would find professional development provided in an online tutorial relevant…

Thomas, Richard M.

2011-01-01

334

Supporting Students from Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last decade, more than 800,000 parents of school-age children have been deployed by the U.S. military. Many have deployed more than once and for extended periods, often longer than a year. As a result, increasing numbers of students experience significant distress on a daily basis and are at increased risk for behavioral problems, decreased…

Rossen, Eric; Carter, Courtney D.

2012-01-01

335

Indoor Geolocation for Military Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indoor geolocation is subject to much more stringent constraints for military applications than for commercial applications. The principal constraints that must be assumed are the absence of a map of the interior of the building, reference points inside the building, and any a priori information or data. The global positioning system (GPS), although potentially invaluable, must be assumed to be

Don Torrieri; Kesh Bakhru

2007-01-01

336

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

337

What's different about the hardware in tactical military systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent special issue of the Proceedings of the IEEE on computer communications' provides an excellent state-of-the-art report on the burgeoning field of digital telecommunications and computer networks. Included are papers on terminals, modems, errors and error control, multiplexing, processors and computer communication networks. Many of the system elements and system concepts in Tactical Military data processing systems are similar

Edward C. Svendsen; Donald L. Ream

1973-01-01

338

The Combat-Exclusion Policy for Military Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history and meaning of the combat exclusion policy for United States servicewomen. Noting that combat duty is often essential to career advancement in the military, this article describes several cases of discrimination resulting from the effects of the combat exclusion. (JDH)

Schneider, Dorothy; Schneider, Carl J.

1986-01-01

339

Free Speech in the Military: A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two recent decisions of the United States Supreme Court have emasculated First Amendment guarantees for military personnel. In the first case, Parker v. Levy, an Army captain urged enlisted Special Forces personnel at his post to refuse to go to Viet Nam, claiming that "Special Forces personnel are liars and thieves and killers of peasants and…

Parker, Richard A.

340

Master of Military Art and Science (MMAS) Research and Thesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the requirements for the degree of Master of Military Art and Science (MMAS) at the United States Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC), Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Chapter one outlines program requirements for the MMAS, discusses the place of research at CGSC, describes research requirements for the MMAS, and…

Army Command and General Staff Coll., Fort Leavenworth, KS.

341

Brave new world: The transformation of the South African military  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transformation of the South African armed forces required the unprecedented integration of formerly adversary armies. The White Paper, completed in May 1996, established the framework for the new Department of Defense (incorporating civilian control of the military) and identified the security of the people (rather than “state security\\

Garth Shelton; Chris Alden

1998-01-01

342

Bombshells on Film: Women, Military Films, and Hegemonic Gender Ideologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explores the gendered representation of women in mainstream military films produced in the United States over a 70-year period when the official capacity of women in armed service underwent significant transformation. Utilizing contextualized visual semiotics, findings reveal that these films present women's standing as uncertain at best by reinforcing their exclusion from many nontraditional feminine roles or by

Stacie R. Furia; Denise D. Bielby

2009-01-01

343

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Light Frame Construction II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual for a secondary-postsecondary level course in light frame construction II is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose stated for the fifty-five hour course is for students to interpret construction…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

344

NASA's Role in Aeronautics: A Workshop. Volume II - Military Aviation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central task of a 1980 workshop on the role of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in aeronautics was to examine the relationship of NASA's research capabilities to the state of U.S. aviation and to make recommendations about NASA's future role in aeronautics. The findings and recommendations of the Panel on Military

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Engineering.

345

Programmed Instruction in Military Training in the NATO Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of programed instruction utilization in military training within the separate North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) nations is briefly assessed in this report. Only the programs of NATO countries which have not been covered in detail elsewhere are included: Netherlands, Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Canada, France, Belgium,…

Nagay, John A.

346

78 FR 28461 - Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...assistance for military homeowners. Through First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill Biden's Joining Forces initiative, we have...them as well as they serve us. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, by virtue of...

2013-05-14

347

The Permeability of Territorial Space: Some Evidence from Military Warfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated military invasions (N=58) of the territorial boundaries of nation-states, and attempted to document empirically the territorial space permeability function. Results showed that the function relating intrusion to discomfort was found to be conspicuously similar to the personal space permeability function described by Hayduk (1981).…

Khoury, Robert M.

1984-01-01

348

Survey of Speech Articulation Disorders Among Military Dependent Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported was a study involving 20,000 (army) military dependent children (MDC) attending 75 schools in seven school systems throughout the continental United States during 1971. Testing of 412 randomly selected MDC using the Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation revealed a significant correlation and associative factor between MDC speech…

Gordon, Don E.

349

A Communitarian Critique of the Warfare State: Implications for the Twenty-First-Century University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article contends that the relatively recent academic movement known as communitarianism can serve as a policy guide that could work catalytically on American cultural development of the sort that would loosen the tight military-industrial connection and in so doing aid the dismantling of the "warfare state." After chronicling the development…

Theobald, Paul; Knotwell, Jim

2007-01-01

350

Operational Capabilities and Legal Implications of a Military Space Plane  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The potential challenges for the United States military in this upcoming century may require new types of capabilities only achievable through the application of new technologies. One of these potential capabilities includes a Military Space Plane (MSP). An MSP is a concept to use reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technologies in a system to provide the military global access and reach in a timely fashion that could be operational within a decade. New awareness is evident from both recent federal commission reports and activities in Afghanistan of the military's possible use of such capabilities to provide asymmetric advantages. The MSP may eventually become part of a new spaceforce that coordinates the broad range of defensive and offensive space assets. In addition, a new emphasis is being placed upon NASA and the U.S. Air Force to coordinate activity on such a space plane/RLV development. The interaction of civilian and defense agencies for such a program has ramifications, not just in terms of the requirements on a final operational vehicle, but also on the legal charters of both entities. This examination presents operational scenarios for a military space plane in order to derive various legal implications.

Charania, A.

2002-01-01

351

78 FR 50109 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...History and Description of the Cultural Items In 1919, two unassociated...The Lisk family was of Kikiallus heritage. The site described in this notice...the Lushootseed language claim cultural heritage to the Skagit River delta...

2013-08-16

352

Obesity and the US Military Family  

PubMed Central

Objective This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. Design and Methods The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Results Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family–several of which are proposed herein. Conclusions Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations. PMID:23836452

Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Sbrocco, Tracy; Theim, Kelly R.; Cohen, L. Adelyn; Mackey, Eleanor R.; Stice, Eric; Henderson, Jennifer L.; McCreight, Sarah J.; Bryant, Edny J.; Stephens, Mark B.

2014-01-01

353

Can Academic Freedom Work in Military Academies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the thorny question of military discipline vs. academic freedom, demonstrating that the military academy is the perfect proving ground if you want to test the value of academic freedom. The authors, who are also Air Force officers, embarked on a two-year quest to determine what place academic freedom has at a military

Niday, Jackson A., II; Harrington, Kathleen

2007-01-01

354

Compulsive gambling and the changing military law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military courts have had to face the issue of compulsive gambling in criminal court-martial proceedings. The military recently switched from the liberal ALI definition of insanity to the much more stringent standards of the federal Insanity Defense Reform Act. However, military courts have not even allowed in expert testimony, holding the relevance of compulsive gambling has not been generally accepted

William S. Little; Fred S. Hecker

1988-01-01

355

Spirituality, Religion, and Resilience Among Military Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

While research on spirituality and religion as it relates to stress, coping, and resilience has increased, little has been focused on military families. The research question that guided this qualitative investigation was, “What is the relationship of spirituality, religion, and family resilience among military spouses?” Seven active duty military couples who had experienced at least one deployment completed a questionnaire

Denise Lynette Hamlin-Glover

2009-01-01

356

Inter-Korean military confidence building after 2003.  

SciTech Connect

Tensions on the Korean Peninsula remain high despite a long-term strategy by South Korea to increase inter-Korean exchanges in economics, culture, sports, and other topics. This is because the process of reconciliation has rarely extended to military and security topics and those initiatives that were negotiated have been ineffective. Bilateral interactions must include actions to reduce threats and improve confidence associated with conventional military forces (land, sea, and air) as well as nuclear, chemical, and biological activities that are applicable to developing and producing weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The purpose of this project is to develop concepts for inter-Korean confidence building measures (CBMs) for military and WMD topics that South Korea could propose to the North when conditions are right. This report describes the historical and policy context for developing security-related CBMs and presents an array of bilateral options for conventional military and WMD topics within a consistent framework. The conceptual CBMs address two scenarios: (1) improved relations where construction of a peace regime becomes a full agenda item in inter-Korean dialogue, and (2) continued tense inter-Korean relations. Some measures could be proposed in the short term under current conditions, others might be implemented in a series of steps, while some require a higher level of cooperation than currently exists. To support decision making by political leaders, this research focuses on strategies and policy options and does not include technical details.

Tae-woo, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Littlefield, Adriane C.; Vannoni, Michael Geoffrey; Sang-beom, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Koelm, Jennifer Gay; Olsen, John Norman; Myong-jin, Kim (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea); Sung-tack, Shin (Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

2003-08-01

357

Filamentous fungi and media for cellulase production in solid state cultures  

PubMed Central

Cellulase production was evaluated in two reference strains (T. reesei Rut-C30 and T. reesei QM9414), two strains isolated from a sugarcane cultivation area (Trichoderma sp. IPT778 and T. harzianum rifai IPT821) and one strain isolated in a program for biodiversity preservation in São Paulo state (Myceliophthora thermophila M77). Solid state cultures were performed using sugarcane bagasse (C), wheat bran (W) and/or soybean bran (S). The highest FPA was 10.6 U/gdm for M77 in SC (10:90) at 80% moisture, which was 4.4 times higher than production in pure W. C was a strong inducer of cellulase production, given that the production level of 6.1 U/gdm in WC (40:60) was 2.5 times higher than in pure W for strain M77; T. reesei Rut-C30 did not respond as strongly with about 1.6-fold surplus production. S advantageously replaced W, as the surplus production on SC (20:80) was 2.3 times relative to WC (20:80) for M77. PMID:24948946

Kilikian, B.V.; Afonso, L.C.; Souza, T.F.C.; Ferreira, R.G.; Pinheiro, I.R.

2014-01-01

358

Effect of phorbol esters on contractile state and calcium flux in cultured chick heart cells  

SciTech Connect

Phorbol esters are potent tumor promoters that have been widely used in studies of transmembrane signaling because of their ability to activate protein kinase C. To study the effect of phorbol esters (and indirectly, the role of protein kinase C) on the cardiac muscle contractility, the authors examined the effects of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) on contractile state, transmembrane /sup 45/Ca fluxes, and cytosolic free Ca concentration ((Ca)/sub i/) using spontaneously contracting cultured chick ventricular cells. PMA produced a concentration- and time-dependent decrease in the amplitude of cell motion (half maximum inhibitory concentration) with maximal effect observed at 1 ..mu..M. PMA (1 ..mu..M) reduced /sup 45/Ca uptake rate by 16 /plus minus/ 4% and the size of the rapidly exchangeable Ca pool by 11 /plus minus/ 2%, but did not alter the /sup 45/Ca efflux rate. In fura-2-loaded cells. PMA produced a decrease in (Ca)/sub i/ from 96 /plus minus/ 7 to 72 /plus minus/ 5 nM with a time course similar to that of alteration in contractile amplitude. These results indicate that PMA influences transsarcolemmal Ca uptake, and thus the excitation-contraction process, and suggest that protein kinase C may modulate myocardial Ca homeostassis and contractile state.

Leatherman, G.F.; Kim, D.; Smith, T.W.

1987-07-01

359

Potassium availability triggers Mycobacterium tuberculosis transition to, and resuscitation from, non-culturable (dormant) states  

PubMed Central

Dormancy in non-sporulating bacteria is an interesting and underexplored phenomenon with significant medical implications. In particular, latent tuberculosis may result from the maintenance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli in non-replicating states in infected individuals. Uniquely, growth of M. tuberculosis in aerobic conditions in potassium-deficient media resulted in the generation of bacilli that were non-culturable (NC) on solid media but detectable in liquid media. These bacilli were morphologically distinct and tolerant to cell-wall-targeting antimicrobials. Bacterial counts on solid media quickly recovered after washing and incubating bacilli in fresh resuscitation media containing potassium. This resuscitation of growth occurred too quickly to be attributed to M. tuberculosis replication. Transcriptomic and proteomic profiling through adaptation to, and resuscitation from, this NC state revealed a switch to anaerobic respiration and a shift to lipid and amino acid metabolism. High concordance with mRNA signatures derived from M. tuberculosis infection models suggests that analogous NC mycobacterial phenotypes may exist during disease and may represent unrecognized populations in vivo. Resuscitation of NC bacilli in potassium-sufficient media was characterized by time-dependent activation of metabolic pathways in a programmed series of processes that probably transit bacilli through challenging microenvironments during infection. PMID:25320096

Salina, Elena G.; Waddell, Simon J.; Hoffmann, Nadine; Rosenkrands, Ida; Butcher, Philip D.; Kaprelyants, Arseny S.

2014-01-01

360

Decolorization of synthetic dyes by solid state cultures of Lentinula (Lentinus) edodes producing manganese peroxidase as the main ligninolytic enzyme.  

PubMed

The ability of the white-rot fungus Lentinula (Lentinus) edodes to decolorize several synthetic dyes was investigated using solid state cultures with corn cob as substrate. Cultures, containing amido black, congo red, trypan blue, methyl green, remazol brilliant blue R, methyl violet, ethyl violet and Poly R478 at 200 ppm, were completely decolorized after 18 days of incubation. Partial decolorization was observed in the cultures containing 200 ppm of brilliant cresyl blue and methylene blue. High manganese peroxidase activity (2600 U/g substrate), but very low lignin peroxidase (<10 U/g substrate) and laccase (<16 U/g substrate) activities were detected in the cultures. In vitro, the dye decolorization was markedly decreased by the absence of manganic ions and H2O2. These data suggest that manganese peroxidase appear to be the main responsible for the capability of L. edodes to decolorize synthetic dyes. PMID:15158501

Boer, Cinthia Gandolfi; Obici, Larissa; de Souza, Cristina Giatti Marques; Peralta, Rosane M

2004-09-01

361

Culture, state and varieties of capitalism: a comparative study of life insurance markets in Hong Kong and Taiwan.  

PubMed

This article examines the interplay between local culture, the state, and economic actors' agency in producing variation across markets. I adopt a political-cultural approach to examining why life insurance has been far more popular in Taiwan than Hong Kong, despite the presence of a cultural taboo on the topic of premature death in both societies. Based on interview data and documentary references, the findings reveal that as an independent state, the Taiwanese government heavily protected domestic insurance firms during their emergence. These domestic firms adopted a market-share approach by re-defining the concept of life insurance to accommodate the local cultural taboo. The colonial Hong Kong government, on the other hand, adopted laissez-faire policies that essentially favoured foreign insurance firms. When faced with the tension between local adaptation and the profitability of the business, these foreign firms chose the latter. Their reluctance to accommodate local cultures, however, resulted in a smaller market. I argue that state actions mediate who the dominant economic players are and that the nature of the dominant players affects the extent of localization. Specifically, the presence of competitive domestic players alongside transnational corporations is more likely to produce varieties of capitalism. PMID:22404391

Chan, Cheris Shun-Ching

2012-03-01

362

Topic Avoidance, Everyday Talk, and Stress in Romantic Military and Non-Military Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships are increasingly impacted by military involvement, necessitating a deeper understanding of communication within these couples. This study examined perceptions of everyday talk, topic avoidance, and stress of participants romantically involved with (a) a military partner (n = 118) or (b) a non-military partner (n = 94). Couple types avoided similar topics, but non-military partners avoided these topics more frequently than military partners. Both

Brandi N. Frisby; Kerry Byrnes; Daniel H. Mansson; Melanie Booth-Butterfield; Meagan K. Birmingham

2011-01-01

363

Culture Machine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Culture Machine is a new, refereed, electronic journal encompassing cultural studies and cultural theory. The international editorial board of the interactive journal aims to "generat[e] research in culture and theory" by promoting and publishing "the most provocative of new work." The theme of the inaugural issue is Taking Risks with the Future. Content includes articles such as Life After Death of the Text by Johan Fornas, Cultural Studies in the Clouds: Mourning for Detail by Tadeusz Slawek, and The Future States of Politics by Kenneth Surin. Culture Machine is hosted by the University of Teesside, England.

364

Cultural safety in New Zealand and the United States: looking at a way forward together.  

PubMed

Cultural safety emerged in Aotearoa, New Zealand as a nursing response to bicultural interactions between indigenous Maori and other New Zealanders. The purpose of this research is to describe the meaning and experience of cultural safety as depicted by nurses in New Zealand and to illustrate the potential for this to inform U.S. nursing education and practice. This interpretive hermeneutic study explored cultural safety as described by 12 experienced nurses who were selected through snowball and purposive sampling. Audiotaped interviews were conducted after ethics approval. Interpretive analysis uncovered five themes that are described with data and paradigm cases. Cultural safety considers the perspective of the patient as the norm in contrast to the culture of health care. Understanding historical power differences and personal biases can help challenge victim-blaming responses by health care providers. Incorporating these understandings into reflective practice enhances the possibility of culturally safe learning for students and culturally safe care for patients. PMID:22282876

Doutrich, Dawn; Arcus, Kerri; Dekker, Lida; Spuck, Janet; Pollock-Robinson, Catherine

2012-04-01

365

Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for cultural heritage management: state of art and perspectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Non-invasive diagnostic tools able to provide information on the materials and preservation state of artworks are crucial to help conservators, archaeologists and anthropologists to plan and carry out their tasks properly. In this frame, technological solutions exploiting Terahertz (THz) radiation, i.e., working at frequencies ranging from 0.1 to 10 THz, are currently deserving huge attention as complementary techniques to classical analysis methodologies based on electromagnetic radiations from X-rays to mid infrared [1]. The main advantage offered by THz spectroscopy and imaging systems is referred to their capability of providing information useful to determine the construction modality, the history life and the conservation state of artworks as well as to identify previous restoration actions [1,2]. In particular, unlike mid- and near-infrared spectroscopy, which provides fingerprint absorption spectra depending on the intramolecular behavior, THz spectroscopy is related to the structure of the molecules of the investigated object. Hence, it can discriminate, for instance, the different materials mixed in a paint [1,2]. Moreover, THz radiation is able to penetrate several materials which are opaque to both visible and infrared materials, such as varnish, paint, plaster, paper, wood, plastic, and so on. Accordingly, it is useful to detect hidden objects and characterize the inner structure of the artwork under test even in the direction of the depth, while avoiding core drillings. In this frame, THz systems allow us to discriminate different layers of materials present in artworks like paints, to obtain images providing information on the construction technique as well as to discover risk factors affecting the preservation state, such as non-visible cracks, hidden molds and air gaps between the paint layer and underlying structure. Furthermore, adopting a no-ionizing radiation, THz systems offer the not trivial benefit of negligible long term risks to the molecular stability of the exposed objects and humans. Recently, the interest on THz technology is also growing up thanks to the development of flexible and compact commercial systems having source and detector probes coupled by means of optical fiber cables and that do not require complex optical alignments. These features allow us to reconfigure the measurement configuration easily; thus transmission, normal reflection and oblique reflection data can be collected according to the constrains and objective of the survey to be performed. Moreover, they open the way to on field applications. An example of last generation THz systems is the Fiber-Coupled Terahertz Time Domain System (FICO) marketed by Z-Omega and available at the Institute of Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment. Such a system is designed to perform both transmission and reflection spectroscopy and imaging measurements in the range from 60GHz to 3THz; with a waveform acquisition speed up to 500Hz. A review of the literature assessing potentialities and open challenges of THz spectroscopy and imaging in the frame of cultural heritage preservation will be provided at the conferences, with a specific focus on the diagnostic capabilities of last generation systems. REFERENCES [1] K. Fukunaga, I. Hosako, Innovative non-invasive analysis techniques for cultural heritage using terahertz technology, C. R. Physique, vol. 11, pp.519-526, 2010. [2] G.Fillippidis, M. Massaouti, A. Selimis, E.J. Gualda, J.M. Manceau, S. Tzortzakis, Nonlinear imaging and THz diagnostic tools in the service of Cultural Heritage, Appl. Phys. A, vol.106, pp.257-263, 2012.

Catapano, Ilaria; Soldovieri, Francesco

2014-05-01

366

Living in the United States. A Brief Introduction to the Culture for Visitors, Students and Business Travelers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide provides a brief introduction to the culture and language of the United States, and is designed for visitors, students, and business travelers. It offers practical information on various aspects of daily living, including: money and banks; food; restaurants; drinking and smoking laws; hotels; postal and telecommunications services;…

Hawkinson, Anni; Clark, Raymond C.

367

CROSS-CULTURAL SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES IN DYNAMIC STEREOTYPES: A COMPARISON BETWEEN GERMANY AND THE UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined cross-cultural similarities and differences in beliefs about men and women of the past, present, and future. These dynamic stereotypes ,o rbeliefs that a group's present characteristics differ from its past or future characteristics, correspond to the actual role change experienced by the group (Diekman & Eagly, 2000). Participants in Germany and the United States perceived that women

Annett Wilde; Amanda B. Diekman

2005-01-01

368

A cross-cultural comparison of sociopsychological factors in alcohol use among adolescents in Israel, France, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The correlates of alcohol use by adolescents are compared in three cultures with different prevalences of alcohol use: France, with high prevalence; Israel, with low prevalence; and the United States, in the middle. In all three countries, significant others, parents and peers, are more powerful predictors of alcohol use than are the adolescent's personal attributes, such as attitudes, behaviors, and

Israel Adler; Denise B. Kandel

1982-01-01

369

Is Longing Only for Germans? A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Sehnsucht in Germany and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Sehnsucht", the longing or yearning for ideal yet seemingly unreachable states of life, is a salient topic in German culture and has proven useful for understanding self-regulation across adulthood in a German sample (e.g., Scheibe, Freund, & Baltes, 2007). The current study tested whether findings for German samples could be generalized to the…

Scheibe, Susanne; Blanchard-Fields, Fredda; Wiest, Maja; Freund, Alexandra M.

2011-01-01

370

Pedagogical Transformations of "Religion" into "Culture" in Danish State Mass Schooling from the 1900s to the 1930s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Particularly after the Danish political system changed to parliamentarism in 1901, a growing interest in, and expanded meaning of, culture as a pedagogical category developed in relation to state schooling, on the road to a comprehensive school system for "the whole population". This article elaborates on the role played by theological scholars in…

Buchardt, Mette

2013-01-01

371

Environment, People, and Culture. New Mexico State University: A Land-Grant Institution. Vol. 1, Parts 1 and 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tri-dimensional mandate of the land-grant institution--to teach, to research, and to serve--finds a common meeting place at the New Mexico State University. The New Mexico State University has tri-cultural concerns arising from the special needs of the population that it serves. The age-old problem of water in an arid land, the new challenge…

Rodwell, David, Ed.; And Others

372

Military Education and Research Library Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The official Web presence of the military education libraries in the United States and Europe, MERLN links together the holdings and electronic information resources of fourteen libraries, collectively the "largest and most comprehensive collections of military information resources in the world." Users can select a Topic Area (or create a custom topic) or a specific catalog, and then search by title, author, subject heading, or advanced options. The databases are also browseable by author, title, subject, or year. A sample search under title keyword for all libraries for "carpet bombing" produced 74 hits, while "Antietam" produced 266. Hits for each library are listed in a frame on the left-hand side, while basic bibliographic information on each title is listed on the right, with links to more detailed information. Users can repeat previous searches and combine them with other searches using the History option and also save and email selected search returns. Please note that at present the library catalogs for the Marine Corps University Research Center, the Marshall Center, the US Coast Guard Academy, and the US Naval Academy cannot be directly searched from MERLN, but efforts are underway to correct the problem. Users can access the homepages of these libraries, and all of the others linked through MERLN, from the main page.

373

The Roman Military Sites of Britain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peter Green, a military history enthusiast, has created The Roman Military Sites of Britain to provide location information and background material on the history of the Roman Army's occupation of Britain. This handsome site contains five gazetteers, organized by region, which summarize important Roman military sites and link to detailed maps. A collection of contemporary photographs provides visitors with a view of the physical surroundings of the sites. In addition to the historic geographic information, this site also introduces the organization of the Roman Army from the first century to the fifth century, explains Roman military terms and unit names, describes typical Roman military sites, and summarizes major military events in Britain during the Roman occupation. For visitors who desire more information, Green supplies a general reading list about the history of Britain and its relation to the Roman army as well as an extensive Roman military bibliography of Britain.

374

Behavioural activation for the treatment of depression in military personnel.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION: Depression is a common mental health problem in both civilian and military populations. Access to evidence based psychological therapies for treating common mental health problems such as depression may not be adequate at present. Behavioural Activation (BA) represents a National Institute for Clinical Excellence recommended, evidence-based treatment for depression. The aim of this review was to review the literature to determine how BA could work as a therapeutic approach for military personnel with depression. METHOD: Five specialty-specific electronic databases were searched using the key words 'behavioural activation', 'activity scheduling' and 'depression'. Emerging themes were drawn out of the literature using a long table approach to thematic analysis. RESULTS: Seven themes were identified: Clinical Effectiveness, Cultural Competence, Co-morbidity, Cost Effectiveness, Alternatives to Face-to-Face Therapy, Training and Patient Experience. CONCLUSIONS: Group based BA is a cost effective option that may build upon service personnel's cultural affinity to teamwork and peer support. Brief training workshops and supervision could be provided to military mental health nurses to deliver group based BA. However service delivery may also be enhanced by enabling some nurses to specialise as Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapists. More research is needed to understand whether this pragmatic, two pronged approach to training would result in the sustained dissemination of evidence based practice. PMID:23720554

Whybrow, Dean

2013-03-01

375

Grooming and cultural socialization: A mixed method study of caregiving practices in Burma (Myanmar) and the United States  

PubMed Central

Grooming behaviours are thought to be a crucial aspect of parenting and integral to the sociality of non-human mammals, but there have been few empirical studies on how grooming might be relevant to parenting and socialization processes in humans. Study 1 is a quantitative cross-cultural comparison of grooming practices in two cultural settings: an urban centre in Burma (Myanmar) and an urban centre in the United States. The study uses naturalistic video data of 57 families to analyse grooming behaviours directed at children. A broad range of ages was sampled in each culture to examine the developmental trajectory of grooming behaviours. Results indicate that significant cultural differences exist between Burma and the United States, with Burmese children being groomed by their caregivers more often than U.S. children. Results also indicate that cultural differences in grooming practices begin early and remain constant across age. An unexpected finding was that Burmese families were more variable in their behaviour than U.S. families. Study 2 attempts to explain this variability by using ethnography to describe how sociodemographic changes in Burma are leading to changes in parental values and socialization practices in the schools, but how embodied primary care in the homes appear resistant to change. PMID:25530498

Thein-Lemelson, Seinenu M

2015-01-01

376

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

SciTech Connect

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26

377

Correlations between social-emotional feelings and anterior insula activity are independent from visceral states but influenced by culture  

PubMed Central

The anterior insula (AI) maps visceral states and is active during emotional experiences, a functional confluence that is central to neurobiological accounts of feelings. Yet, it is unclear how AI activity correlates with feelings during social emotions, and whether this correlation may be influenced by culture, as studies correlating real-time AI activity with visceral states and feelings have focused on Western subjects feeling physical pain or basic disgust. Given psychological evidence that social-emotional feelings are cognitively constructed within cultural frames, we asked Chinese and American participants to report their feeling strength to admiration and compassion-inducing narratives during fMRI with simultaneous electrocardiogram recording. Trial-by-trial, cardiac arousal and feeling strength correlated with ventral and dorsal AI activity bilaterally but predicted different variance, suggesting that interoception and social-emotional feeling construction are concurrent but dissociable AI functions. Further, although the variance that correlated with cardiac arousal did not show cultural effects, the variance that correlated with feelings did. Feeling strength was especially associated with ventral AI activity (the autonomic modulatory sector) in the Chinese group but with dorsal AI activity (the visceral-somatosensory/cognitive sector) in an American group not of Asian descent. This cultural group difference held after controlling for posterior insula (PI) activity and was replicated. A bi-cultural East-Asian American group showed intermediate results. The findings help elucidate how the AI supports feelings and suggest that previous reports that dorsal AI activation reflects feeling strength are culture related. More broadly, the results suggest that the brain's ability to construct conscious experiences of social emotion is less closely tied to visceral processes than neurobiological models predict and at least partly open to cultural influence and learning. PMID:25278862

Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen; Yang, Xiao-Fei; Damasio, Hanna

2014-01-01

378

Correlations between social-emotional feelings and anterior insula activity are independent from visceral states but influenced by culture.  

PubMed

The anterior insula (AI) maps visceral states and is active during emotional experiences, a functional confluence that is central to neurobiological accounts of feelings. Yet, it is unclear how AI activity correlates with feelings during social emotions, and whether this correlation may be influenced by culture, as studies correlating real-time AI activity with visceral states and feelings have focused on Western subjects feeling physical pain or basic disgust. Given psychological evidence that social-emotional feelings are cognitively constructed within cultural frames, we asked Chinese and American participants to report their feeling strength to admiration and compassion-inducing narratives during fMRI with simultaneous electrocardiogram recording. Trial-by-trial, cardiac arousal and feeling strength correlated with ventral and dorsal AI activity bilaterally but predicted different variance, suggesting that interoception and social-emotional feeling construction are concurrent but dissociable AI functions. Further, although the variance that correlated with cardiac arousal did not show cultural effects, the variance that correlated with feelings did. Feeling strength was especially associated with ventral AI activity (the autonomic modulatory sector) in the Chinese group but with dorsal AI activity (the visceral-somatosensory/cognitive sector) in an American group not of Asian descent. This cultural group difference held after controlling for posterior insula (PI) activity and was replicated. A bi-cultural East-Asian American group showed intermediate results. The findings help elucidate how the AI supports feelings and suggest that previous reports that dorsal AI activation reflects feeling strength are culture related. More broadly, the results suggest that the brain's ability to construct conscious experiences of social emotion is less closely tied to visceral processes than neurobiological models predict and at least partly open to cultural influence and learning. PMID:25278862

Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen; Yang, Xiao-Fei; Damasio, Hanna

2014-01-01

379

DOD Dictionary of Military Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Defense Defense Technical Information Center provides this handy dictionary, derived from Joint Publication 1-02, "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms." Users can browse the dictionary alphabetically or search it. Definitions are terse but clear. Cross references are provided but, unfortunately, not hyperlinked at this time. The dictionary also contains both terms and acronyms & abbreviations. The latter two can be browsed or searched separately from a link on the dictionary page.

Defense Technical Information Center (U.S.)

380

Careers in a Military Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This powerpoint presentation file on "Being a Physiologist in a Military Lab or How I Found My Ideal Job in the Most Unlikely of Places " is part of the EB 2010 Careers Symposium - Government Careers in Physiology Revealed. The target audience is students and postdoctoral fellows, as well as early career and established investigators seeking information on job opportunities and career development processes in the government.

Kathy Ryan (United States Army Institute of Surgical Research)

2010-04-25

381

Careers in a Military Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recorded presentation on "Being a Physiologist in a Military Lab or How I Found My Ideal Job in the Most Unlikely of Places " is part of the EB 2010 Careers Symposium - Government Careers in Physiology Revealed. The target audience is students and postdoctoral fellows, as well as early career and established investigators seeking information on job opportunities and career development processes in the government.

Kathy Ryan (United States Army Institute of Surgical Research)

2010-04-25

382

How Resilient Are Military Expenditures?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in military expenditure as a share of gross domestic product (MIL\\/GDP) and of total expenditure (MIL\\/EX) during IMF-supported programs are examined for two subsamples, broadly divided according to fiscal tightening and fiscal accommodation. Under fiscal tightening, the evidence suggests that MIL\\/GDP decreases during Fund-supported programs, but that MIL\\/EX increases, revealing resilience to budgetary adjustments. Under fiscal accommodation, as total

Paula De Masi; Henri Lorie

1989-01-01

383

78 FR 54588 - Security Zone; Protection of Military Cargo, Captain of the Port Zone Puget Sound  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and military cargo in the navigable waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters. The security zone will provide for the regulation...loading facilities in the navigable waters of the United States. The security zones also exclude persons and...

2013-09-05

384

17.953 U.S. Military Budget and Force Planning, Fall 2004  

E-print Network

The United States is spending about $400 billion this year on national defense, some $40 billion on homeland security, and $85 billion on military operations and nation-building in Iraq and Afghanistan. This course is for ...

Williams, Cindy

385

Post-Traumatic Stress Innovations: U.S. Military Enterprise Analysis  

E-print Network

This presentation covers the analysis of policy formulation in the U.S. Military health enterprise, the process for feedback between research and care delivery, and the enterprise interview for current state analysis.

Nightingale, Deborah

2011-01-26

386

3 CFR 8976 - Proclamation 8976 of May 9, 2013. Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2013  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...military homeowners. Through First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill Biden's Joining Forces initiative...serve us. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America...two hundred and thirty-seventh.BARACK...

2014-01-01

387

Aspergillus oryzae S2 alpha-amylase production under solid state fermentation: Optimization of culture conditions.  

PubMed

Aspergillus oryzae S2 was assayed for alpha-amylase production under solid state fermentation (SSF). In addition to AmyA and AmyB already produced in monitored submerged culture, the strain was noted to produce new AmyB oligomeric forms, in particular a dominant tetrameric form named AmyC. The latter was purified to homogeneity through fractional acetone precipitation and size exclusion chromatography. SDS-PAGE and native PAGE analyses revealed that, purified AmyC was an approximately 172kDa tetramer of four 42kDa subunits. AmyC was also noted to display the same NH2-terminal amino acid sequence residues and approximately the same physico-chemical properties of AmyA and AmyB, to exhibit maximum activity at pH 5.6 and 60°C, and to produce maltose and maltotriose as major starch hydrolysis end-products. Soyabean meal was the best substitute to yeast extract compared to fish powder waste and wheat gluten waste. AmyC production was optimized under SSF using statistical design methodology. Moisture content of 76.25%, C/N substrate ratio of 0.62, and inoculum size of 10(6.87) spores allowed maximum activity of 22118.34U/g of dried substrate, which was 33 times higher than the one obtained before the application of the central composite design (CCD). PMID:25617840

Sahnoun, Mouna; Kriaa, Mouna; Elgharbi, Fatma; Ayadi, Dorra-Zouari; Bejar, Samir; Kammoun, Radhouane

2015-04-01

388

Negotiating Military Alliances: Legal Systems and Alliance Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do domestic legal systems affect states' propensity to form military alliances? This article, building upon the existing research in international relations, adopts a socio-legal approach to understanding international treaty making. By focusing on the essence of international negotiations—communication between states' representatives—I argue that negotiating parties who share a common legal language have a common a priori understanding concerning concepts under

Emilia Justyna Powell

2010-01-01

389

Review of mobile health technology for military mental health.  

PubMed

Mental health problems pose challenges for military veterans, returning service members, and military family members including spouses and children. Challenges to meeting mental health needs include improving access to care and improving quality of care. Mobile Health, or "mHealth," can help meet these needs in the garrison and civilian environments. mHealth brings unique capabilities to health care provision through the use of mobile device technologies. This report identifies high-priority mHealth technology development considerations in two categories. First, priority considerations specific to mental health care provision include safety, privacy, evidence-based practice, efficacy studies, and temperament. Second, priority considerations broadly applicable to mHealth include security, outcomes, ease of use, carrier compliance, hardware, provider perspectives, data volume, population, regulation, command policy, and reimbursement. Strategic planning for the advancement of these priority considerations should be coordinated with stated Department of Defense capability needs to maximize likelihood of adoption. This report also summarizes three leading, military programs focused on mHealth projects in mental health, The Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, The Military Operational Medicine Research Program, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and The National Center for Telehealth and Technology. PMID:25102529

Shore, Jay H; Aldag, Matt; McVeigh, Francis L; Hoover, Ronald L; Ciulla, Robert; Fisher, Ashley

2014-08-01

390

Liminal Cultural Work in Family Childcare: Latino Immigrant Family Childcare Providers and Bicultural Childrearing in the United States, 2002-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immigrants find themselves in a liminal state of limbo between two societies. In this zone, competing cultural ideas coexist. This essay examines how Latino immigrant family childcare providers in the United States questioned US norms of childrearing and how they engaged in liminal cultural work to produce a bicultural childrearing. They are…

Uttal, Lynet

2010-01-01

391

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Basic Electricity and Electronics. CANTRAC A-100-0010. Module 20: Solid State Power Supplies; 20T: Electron Tube Power Supplies. Study Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of individualized learning modules on power supplies is one in a series of modules for a course in basic electricity and electronics. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instructional and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Two modules are included in the…

Chief of Naval Education and Training Support, Pensacola, FL.

392

Family issues associated with military deployment, family violence, and military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Today's military has a greater percentage of families and children in comparison with previous generations. There are many, and unique, demands on military families made by the ongoing conflicts, and military life can be stressful. The presence of an increasing number of stressors is associated with an increased likelihood of domestic violence in military families and sexual trauma in service members. In this article, literature and research are presented to provide an overview of military deployment and families, and the effect of deployment on families; this is followed by a review of research on family violence and military sexual trauma. PMID:22055902

Fraser, Cira

2011-12-01

393

Cultural Framework, Anger Expression, and Health Status in Russian Immigrant Women in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors aimed to investigate the role of anger expression and cultural framework in predicting Russian immigrant women's physical and psychological health status. One hundred Russian immigrant women between the ages of 30–65 completed questionnaires assessing anger expression, cultural framework, and health status. All research questions were addressed using hierarchical regression procedures. The results are discussed in terms of implications

Zhanna Bagdasarov; Christine B. Edmondson

2012-01-01

394

Managerial Values Across Cultures: Australia, Hong Kong and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between personal managerial values and a range of important organisational variables has increasingly been recognised. Personal values are shaped by the wider cultural milieu in which the individual is socialised. Managers from different cultural contexts may therefore be expected to possess different work and business-related values. However, exposure to a more universalistic managerial ethos may also generate a

Robert I. Westwood; Barry Z. Posner

1997-01-01

395

Culture Industry Policy in China and the United States: A Comparative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a consensus that culture industry is assuming a more important economic development function in most countries of the world today. As a result of this consensus, the purpose of this paper is to investigate, through a comparative analysis, how China can improve its existing public policies to nurture an environment where culture industry develops and prospers. The paper

Guan Ping Qin; Hao Wei; Xi Wang

2009-01-01

396

Women's Magazinesin the Popular Culture Library at Bowling Green State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women's magazines form an important part of the collection of primary research materials from the 19th— and 20th-centuries in the Popular Culture Library. This article discusses how the library organizes and provides access to these magazines for students and scholars. Tt also discusses how these magazines are used to research women's roles as both producers and consumers of popular culture.

Nancy Down

1998-01-01

397

Cross-cultural Temperamental Differences in Infants, Children, and Adults in the United States of America and Finland  

PubMed Central

Cross-cultural differences in temperament were investigated between infants (n = 131, 84 Finns), children (n = 653, 427 Finns), and adults (n = 759, 538 Finns) from the United States of America and Finland. Participants from both cultures completed the Infant Behavior Questionnaire, Childhood Behavior Questionnaire, and the Adult Temperament Questionnaire. Across all ages, Americans received higher ratings on temperamental fearfulness than Finnish individuals, and also demonstrated higher levels of other negative affects at several time points. During infancy and adulthood, Finns tended to score higher on positive affect and elements of temperamental effortful control. Gender differences consistent with prior studies emerged cross-culturally, and were found to be more pronounced in the U.S. during childhood and in Finland during adulthood. PMID:22428997

Gaias, Larissa M.; Gartstein, Maria A.; Fisher, Philip A.; Putnam, Samuel P.; Räikkönen, Katri; Komsi, Niina

2012-01-01

398

Purification and characterization of two arabinofuranosidases from solid-state cultures of the fungus Penicillium capsulatum.  

PubMed Central

Two arabinofuranosidases, termed Ara I and Ara II, from solid-state cultures of Penicillium capsulatum were purified to apparent homogeneity as judged by electrophoresis and isoelectric focusing. Each enzyme is a single subunit glycoprotein, and they have M(r)s and pIs of 64,500 and 4.15 (Ara I) and 62,700 and 4.54 (Ara II), respectively. Ara I is most active at pH 4.0 and 60 degrees C, while Ara II exhibits optimal activity at pH 4.0 and 55 degrees C. Ara I is the more thermostable, with its half-life at 70 degrees C and pH 4.0 being 17.5 min. By contrast, the half-life of Ara II is only 9 min at 60 degrees C and pH 4.0. Ara I has the lower Km and higher catalytic constant values with p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside being used as the substrate. Arabinose, a competitive inhibitor (Ki, 16.4 mM) of Ara II, has no effect on Ara I activity at concentrations of up to 40 mM. Each enzyme catalyzes the release of arabinose from pectin, araban, and certain arabinose-containing xylans. The last activity is enhanced by pretreatment of the relevant substrates with xylanase, ferulic acid esterase, or combinations of these enzymes. Thus, arabinoxylooligosaccharides in which arabinose is the sole side chain substituent appear to be the preferred substrates. On the basis of the evidence cited above, each enzyme has been classified as an alpha-L-arabinofuranoside arabinofuranohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.79). PMID:8572693

Filho, E X; Puls, J; Coughlan, M P

1996-01-01

399

Alteration of chromium effect on photosystem II activity in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cultures under different synchronized state of the cell cycle.  

PubMed

The inhibitory effect of chromium (Cr) on photosystem II (PSII) activity was investigated in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii during different phases of the cell cycle. Algae were cultivated in continuous light or a light/dark cycle (16:8 h) to obtain a synchronously dividing cell culture. The cell division phases were determined with the DNA-specific fluorescent probe SYBR green using flow cytometry. The effect of Cr on PSII activity was investigated after a 24-h treatment with algal cultures having different proportions of newly divided cells (G(0)/G(1)), dividing cells at the DNA replication phase (S), and dividing cells at the mitosis phase (G(2)/M). Using chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters based on PSII electron transport capacity in dark- (?(M)II) and light-adapted (?'(M)II) equilibrium state, we found that the effect of Cr differs depending on the stage of the cell cycle. When algal cultures had a high proportion of cells actively dividing (M phase), the toxic effect of Cr on PSII activity appeared to be much higher and PSII quantum yield was decreased by 80 % compared to algal cultures mainly in the G(0)/G(1) phase. Therefore, the inhibitory effect of Cr on photosynthesis appears to be different according to the cell cycle state of the algal population. PMID:23238598

Didur, Olivier; Dewez, David; Popovic, Radovan

2013-03-01

400

Research on 6R Military Logistics Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The building of military logistics network is an important issue for the construction of new forces. This paper has thrown out a concept model of 6R military logistics network model based on JIT. Then we conceive of axis spoke y logistics centers network, flexible 6R organizational network, lean 6R military information network based grid. And then the strategy and proposal for the construction of the three sub networks of 6Rmilitary logistics network are given.

Jie, Wan; Wen, Wang

401

Military display market segment: helicopters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of one of its segments: helicopter displays. Parameters requiring special consideration, to include luminance ranges, contrast ratio, viewing angles, and chromaticity coordinates, are examined. Performance requirements for rotary-wing displays relative to several premier applications are summarized. Display sizes having aggregate defense applications of 5,000 units or greater and having DoD applications across 10 or more platforms, are tabulated. The issue of size commonality is addressed where distribution of active area sizes across helicopter platforms, individually, in groups of two through nine, and ten or greater, is illustrated. Rotary-wing displays are also analyzed by technology, where total quantities of such displays are broken out into CRT, LCD, AMLCD, EM, LED, Incandescent, Plasma and TFEL percentages. Custom, versus Rugged commercial, versus commercial off-the-shelf designs are contrasted. High and low information content designs are identified. Displays for several high-profile military helicopter programs are discussed, to include both technical specifications and program history. The military display market study is summarized with breakouts for the helicopter market segment. Our defense-wide study as of March 2004 has documented 1,015,494 direct view and virtual image displays distributed across 1,181 display sizes and 503 weapon systems. Helicopter displays account for 67,472 displays (just 6.6% of DoD total) and comprise 83 sizes (7.0% of total DoD) in 76 platforms (15.1% of total DoD). Some 47.6% of these rotary-wing applications involve low information content displays comprising just a few characters in one color; however, as per fixed-wing aircraft, the predominant instantiation involves higher information content units capable of showing changeable graphics, color and video.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.

2004-09-01

402

Military Bases and Conservation Markets  

SciTech Connect

Over time, DoD is likely to be one of the largest buyers and sellers in a water quality trading market. The Department of Defense (DoD) operates military bases that resemble small cities in infrastructure. As units redeploy, bases are likely to find themselves well within their environmental limits at the originating base and potentially bumping against limits such as nitrate and phosphate loading at the destination base. Stricter rules and heavier loadings in growing watersheds also present challenges to local bases and municipalities as regulators clamp down on loadings from existing Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTPs) to meet water quality standards.

Mark Ankeny

2007-09-01

403

Cloning of a novel tyrosinase-encoding gene (melB) from Aspergillus oryzae and its overexpression in solid-state culture (Rice Koji).  

PubMed

We have cloned a novel tyrosinase-encoding gene (melB) specifically expressed in solid-state culture of Aspergillus oryzae. A tyrosinase-encoding gene (melO) from A. oryzae was already cloned and the protein structures of its catalytic and copper binding domains were investigated. However, our recent results revealed that the melO gene was highly expressed in submerged culture but not in solid-state culture. Because tyrosinase activity was also detected in solid-state culture, we assumed that another tyrosinase gene other than melO is expressed in solid-state culture. Another tyrosinase gene was screened using the expressed sequence tag (EST) library. One redundant cDNA clone homologous with the tyrosinase gene was found in the collection of wheat bran culture. Northern blot analysis revealed that the gene corresponding to the cDNA clone was specifically expressed in solid-state culture (koji making), but not in submerged culture. Molecular cloning showed that the gene carried six exons interrupted by five introns and had an open reading frame encoding 616 amino acid residues. This gene was designated as melB. The deduced amino acid sequence of the gene had weak homology (24%-33%) with MelO and other fungal tyrosinases but the sequences of the copper binding domains were highly conserved. When the melB gene was expressed under the control of the glaB promoter in solid-state culture, tyrosinase activity was markedly enhanced and the culture mass was browned with the melanization by MelB tyrosinase. These results indicated that the melB gene encodes a novel tyrosinase associated with melanization in solid-state culture. PMID:16233650

Obata, Hiroshi; Ishida, Hiroki; Hata, Yoji; Kawato, Akitsugu; Abe, Yasuhisa; Akao, Takeshi; Akita, Osamu; Ichishima, Eiji

2004-01-01

404

Satellite Power System (SPS) military applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential military role, both offensive and defensive, of a Satellite Power System (SPS) is examined. A number of potential military support possibilities are described. An SPS with military capabilities may have a strong negative impact on international relations if it is not internationalized. The SPS satellite would be vulnerable to military action of an enemy with good space capability, but would experience little or no threat from saboteurs or terrorists, except via the ground controls. The paper concludes with an outline of some of the key issues involved, and a number of recommendations for future study, including some areas for long term efforts.

Ozeroff, M. J.

1978-01-01

405

Sustainability of water supply at military installations, Kabul Basin, Afghanistan  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Kabul Basin, including the city of Kabul, Afghanistan, is host to several military installations of Afghanistan, the United States, and other nations that depend on groundwater resources for water supply. These installations are within or close to the city of Kabul. Groundwater also is the potable supply for the approximately four million residents of Kabul. The sustainability of water resources in the Kabul Basin is a concern to military operations, and Afghan water-resource managers, owing to increased water demands from a growing population and potential mining activities. This study illustrates the use of chemical and isotopic analysis, groundwater flow modeling, and hydrogeologic investigations to assess the sustainability of groundwater resources in the Kabul Basin. Water supplies for military installations in the southern Kabul Basin were found to be subject to sustainability concerns, such as the potential drying of shallow-water supply wells as a result of declining water levels. Model simulations indicate that new withdrawals from deep aquifers may have less of an impact on surrounding community water supply wells than increased withdrawals from near-surface aquifers. Higher rates of recharge in the northern Kabul Basin indicate that military installations in that part of the basin may have fewer issues with long-term water sustainability. Simulations of groundwater withdrawals may be used to evaluate different withdrawal scenarios in an effort to manage water resources in a sustainable manner in the Kabul Basin.

Mack, T.J.; Chornack, M.P.; Verstraeten, I.M.

2014-01-01

406

The Recipe for Being a Good Military Wife: How Military Wives Managed OIF\\/OEF Deployment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interviews with 25 military wives to elicit their lived experience of Operation Iraqi Freedom\\/Operation Enduring Freedom deployment found two main themes: the recipe for being a good military wife and managing split loyalties. Military wives' experience reflected a disenfranchised existence. Their stress was exacerbated by the reality of the composition of their marital relationship—a couple–military threesome—that they bore in silence.

C. J. Aducci; Joyce A. Baptist; Jayashree George; Patricia M. Barros; Briana S. Nelson Goff

2011-01-01

407

Electronic Word-of-Mouth in Social Networking Sites: A Cross-Cultural Study of the United States and China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) in social networking sites (SNSs) is crucial as consumers have potential to reach global audiences quickly and easily. This article presents the first cross-cultural study on eWOM in SNSs by examining social relationship variables between the United States and China. Specifically, social capital, tie strength, trust, and interpersonal influence were examined as potential predictors of eWOM

Shu-Chuan Chu; Sejung Marina Choi

2011-01-01

408

Political and cultural contrasts in reporting about disasters: comparing United States and Chinese newspaper portrayals of bridge collapses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the news coverage of bridge collapses in the United States and China to reveal how the cultural, political,\\u000a and social differences of these two countries influence the ways in which disasters are represented to the public. By applying\\u000a qualitative and quantitative research methods, the study examines the variations in news articles in different newspapers\\u000a on bridge collapses.

Xueqin Elaine He; John P. Tiefenbacher

2008-01-01

409

A Study in Engineering and Military Ethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Human nature and social awareness can often cause individuals to act or make decisions that are not considered moral or proper by the majority. Merriam-Webster defines ethics as a set of moral principles or a system of moral values.1 Most occupations that require the trust of the general public are held to high ethical standards. These professions include law, medical, engineering, and military, all of which have adopted systems that guide subscribed individuals through moral decision making processes. Most learned professions that uphold such standards prescribe a system of non-mandatory codes of conduct.2 Perhaps the most recognized professional code of ethics was reported by the National Society of Professional Engineers, which defines fundamental canons and includes explicit guidance on professional conduct. Because ethical behavior is essential to the profession of engineering, ABET Inc., has addressed this topic in Criterion 3, outcome (f): graduates will have an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility. The environmental engineering program criteria (ABET Criterion 9) also requires an understanding of professional practice issues.3 There are numerous examples in the literature on how professional practice issues might be included in engineering curricula, but limited data on methods for assessment. The United States Military Academy (USMA) Environmental Engineering Program has a robust military ethical education and training program that spans the entire four year West Point experience. It is thought that the moral character development programs at USMA strongly support the professional practice requirements of EC2000.3 The USMA environmental engineering program has been assessing attainment of ethics and other professional practice requirements since ca. 1999. Because all graduates of the USMA environmental engineering program (unless granted a waiver by the program director) are required to take the Fundamentals of Engineering Exam (FEE), it has been used as a metric for this purpose since FEE subject data has been available. Longitudinal data on ethics questions, from the FEE, is presented in Figure 1. The USMA Environmental Engineering cadets have been tracking with the national average (for environmental engineers) on ethics since 2002.

Butkus, Michael

410

Thank You for Your Service: Military Initiatives on College Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military students and their dependents arrive on college campuses with a diverse array of academic goals and support needs. A military friendly college understands that military students are transitioning from the professional military environment to the workforce, and academic work is part of that transition. A military friendly college is not…

Wilson, Kristin Bailey

2014-01-01

411

Grape seeds: the best lignocellulosic waste to produce laccase by solid state cultures of Trametes hirsuta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grape seeds were used by Trametes hirsuta as a substrate for laccase production giving 23 kU l-1, which was 10-fold the value attained in the cultures with no lignocellulosic waste addition. The dyes, Indigo Carmine and Bromophenol Blue, were easily decolourised (100% in 24 h) by the extracellular liquid obtained in such cultures, whereas Methyl Orange (65% in 24 h) and Phenol Red

D. Moldes; P. P. Gallego; S. Rodríguez Couto; A. Sanromán

2003-01-01

412

Arms and the University: Military Presence and the Civic Education of Non-Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alienation between the U.S. military and society has grown in recent decades. Such alienation is unhealthy, as it threatens both sufficient civilian control of the military and the long-standing ideal of the "citizen soldier." Nowhere is this issue more predominant than at many major universities, which began turning their backs on the military

Downs, Donald Alexander; Murtazashvili, Ilia

2012-01-01

413

Estimating the Labor Market Impact of Voluntary Military Service Using Social Security Data on Military Applicants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses Social Security data on the earnings of military applicants to the all-volunteer forces to compare the earnings of Armed Forces veterans with the earnings of military applicants who did not enlist. Matching, regression, and Instrumental Variables (IV) estimates are presented. The matching and regression estimates control for most of the characteristics used by the military to select

Joshua D. Angrist

1995-01-01

414

Civilian and Military Genetics: Nondiscrimination Policy in a Post-GINA World  

PubMed Central

Evidence is emerging of a growing societal consensus about appropriate and inappropriate uses of genetic information. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 provides new legal protections to Americans by prohibiting the discriminatory use of genetic information by health insurers and employers. Additionally, the United States military recently created new policies for fair use of genetic information in the determination of benefits for servicemen and servicewomen leaving military service. Although critical issues remain, such as the potential for genetic information to be used to deny people other forms of insurance, and how the military will use genetic medicine overall, significant progress has been made. PMID:18940308

Baruch, Susannah; Hudson, Kathy

2008-01-01

415

The demographics of military children and families.  

PubMed

Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic research, Molly Clever and David R. Segal find several trends that distinguish today's military families. Compared with civilians, for example, service members marry younger and start families earlier. Because of the requirements of their jobs, they move much more frequently than civilians do, and they are often separated from their families for months at a time. And despite steady increases since the 1970s in the percentage of women who serve, the armed forces are still overwhelmingly male, meaning that the majority of military parents are fathers. Despite these distinguishing trends, Clever and Segal's chief finding is that military families cannot be neatly pigeonholed. Instead, they are a strikingly diverse population with diverse needs. Within the military, demographic groups differ in important ways, and the service branches differ from one another as well. Military families themselves come in many forms, including not only the categories familiar from civilian life--two-parent, single-parent, and so on--but also, unique to the military, dual-service families in which both parents are service members. Moreover, military families' needs change over time as they move through personal and military transitions. Thus the best policies and programs to help military families and children are flexible and adaptable rather than rigidly structured. PMID:25518690

Clever, Molly; Segal, David R

2013-01-01

416

The zone of social abandonment in cultural geography: on the street in the United States, inside the family in India.  

PubMed

This essay examines the spaces across societies in which persons with severe mental illness lose meaningful social roles and are reduced to "bare life." Comparing ethnographic and interview data from the United States and India, we suggest that these processes of exclusion take place differently: on the street in the United States, and in the family household in India. We argue that cultural, historical, and economic factors determine which spaces become zones of social abandonment across societies. We compare strategies for managing and treating persons with psychosis across the United States and India, and demonstrate that the relative efficiency of state surveillance of populations and availability of public social and psychiatric services, the relative importance of family honor, the extent to which a culture of psychopharmaceutical use has penetrated social life, and other historical features, contribute to circumstances in which disordered Indian persons are more likely to be forcefully "hidden" in domestic space, whereas mentally ill persons in the United States are more likely to be expelled to the street. However, in all locations, social marginalization takes place by stripping away the subject's efficacy in social communication. That is, the socially "dead" lose communicative efficacy, a predicament, following Agamben, we describe as "bare voice." PMID:22547245

Marrow, Jocelyn; Luhrmann, Tanya Marie

2012-09-01

417

Talking about Internal States in Mother-Child Reminiscing Influences Children's Self-Representations: A Cross-Cultural Study.  

PubMed

This study examined the relation of mother-child discussions of internal states during reminiscing to the development of trait and evaluative self-representations in 131 European American and Chinese immigrant 3-year-olds. Mothers and children discussed one positive and one negative event, and children were interviewed for self-descriptions. Euro-American mothers and children made more references to internal states and focused more on causal talk than did Chinese, and Euro-American children were more likely than Chinese children to describe their own traits and evaluative characteristics. Mothers' and children's use of internal state language during reminiscing of the negative event uniquely predicted children's trait and evaluative self-representations, independent of culture. Explanations of internal states and conversing in the negative event context were particularly effective in predicting children's self-representations. Discussions of internal states further mediated cultural influences on children's self-representations. The findings provide new insight into the contribution of parent-child reminiscing to the development of self. PMID:21076662

Wang, Qi; Doan, Stacey N; Song, Qingfang

2010-10-01

418

77 FR 14006 - Record of Decision for the Military Housing Privatization Initiative Hurlburt Field and Eglin Air...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force Record of Decision for the Military Housing...Initiative Hurlburt Field and Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, Final Environmental Impact...February 6, 2012, the United States Air Force signed the ROD for the Military...

2012-03-08

419

Coordination and Integration of Military Education with National Career Education: Phase 2: Final Report. Technical Report No. 890.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study is an investigation and demonstration of the degree to which military experience in certain specialties is continuous with the career development patterns of workers in the entire United States society. Selected characteristics of 24 military occupations (six from each branch of the services) were compared with similar characteristics of…

Smith, Janice B.; Callahan, W. Thomas

420

Lifting the Veil of Military Secrecy. Study Guide. Episode #723. America's Defense Monitor, Educational TV for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program examines the pros and cons of military secrecy in the absence of significant enemies. The United States is still buying weapons and conducting military operations under a veil of secrecy established during the Cold War. Many would argue such secrecy is unnecessary in light of recent world developments. The study guide offers questions…

Rizzo, Claudia

421

Teaching About the Military in American History: A History Institute for Teachers. Footnotes. Volume 12, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On March 24-25, 2007 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 23 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about the Military in U.S. history. The Institute was held at and co-sponsored by the Cantigny First Division Museum. Sessions included: (1) War and the Military in American…

Kuehner, Trudy

2007-01-01

422

The President's Constitutional Authority to Conduct Military Operations Against Terrorist Organizations and the Nations that Harbor or Support Them  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001 raised important questions concerning the President's authority to take military action in response. Although Congress acted promptly to pass legislation authorizing the President to take military action against the terrorists and those linked to them, we argue that the President has broad constitutional power, even without such legislation, to

John C. Yoo; Robert J. Delahunty

2002-01-01

423

Effects of Diversity Education on College Students in Military Sponsored Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central purpose of this study was to determine if teaching the subject matter of diversity or social psychology to military sponsored college students would change the level of sensitivity (behavior and attitude) to diversity as measured by an instrument called The Inventory of Cross Cultural Sensitivity developed by Kenneth Cushner (1986).…

Stewart, Orbie L.

2010-01-01

424

Divorce, Race, and Military Service: More than Equal Pay and Equal Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several researchers have suggested that the persistently higher rate of divorce among Blacks may be due to hard-to-measure concepts such as culture or norms. To attack this problem, we use data from the NLSY-79 to examine the risk of divorce among enlisted active-duty military servicemen where economic differences and the negative effects of…

Teachman, Jay D.; Tedrow, Lucky

2008-01-01

425

Who goes there? Accounting for gender in the urge to explore abandoned military bunkers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article enquires into the motivations of ‘bunkerologists’ – a term coined for analytic convenience by the author to describe those who research, explore and survey twentieth century military bunkers as a hobby. Specifically, it considers the gendered dimension of this predominantly male pastime. In doing so, the article examines the role of a range of cultural influences, including signification

Luke Bennett

2012-01-01

426

H. R. 1972: A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, with respect to benefits for veterans who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service, and for other purposes, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, April 22, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on April 22, 1991 to amend title 38, United States Code. This legislation involves benefits for veterans who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service. Individual sections address the following: expansion of presumption of service connection for certain radiation-exposed reservists; expansion of list of diseases presumed to be service-connected for certain radiation-exposed veterans and elimination of latency-period limitations; and adjudication of claims based on exposure to ionizing radiation.

Not Available

1991-01-01

427

Psychiatric Effects of Military Deployment on Children and Families  

PubMed Central

Deployments in the United States military have increased greatly in the past 10 years. Families and children are psychiatrically affected by these deployments, and recent studies are clarifying these effects. This article focuses on the psychiatric effects of deployment on children and uses a composite case example to review the use of play therapy to treat children who are having psychiatric issues related to the deployment of one or both parents. PMID:22468239

James, Trenton

2012-01-01

428

Chronic pain management in the active-duty military  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As in the general population, chronic pain is a prevalent and burdensome affliction in active-duty military personnel. Painful conditions in military members can be categorized broadly in terms of whether they arise directly from combat injuries (gunshot, fragmentation wound, blast impact) or whether they result from non-combat injuries (sprains, herniated discs, motor vehicle accidents). Both combat-related and non-combat-related causes of pain can further be classified as either acute or chronic. Here we discuss the state of pain management as it relates to the military population in both deployed and non-deployed settings. The term non-battle injury (NBI) is commonly used to refer to those conditions not directly associated with the combat actions of war. In the history of warfare, NBI have far outstripped battle-related injuries in terms not only of morbidity, but also mortality. It was not until improvements in health care and field medicine were applied in World War I that battle-related deaths finally outnumbered those attributed to disease and pestilence. However, NBI have been the leading cause of morbidity and hospital admission in every major conflict since the Korean War. Pain remains a leading cause of presentation to military medical facilities, both in and out of theater. The absence of pain services is associated with a low return-to-duty rate among the deployed population. The most common pain complaints involve the low-back and neck, and studies have suggested that earlier treatment is associated with more significant improvement and a higher return to duty rate. It is recognized that military medicine is often at the forefront of medical innovation, and that many fields of medicine have reaped benefit from the conduct of war.

Jamison, David; Cohen, Steven P.

2012-06-01

429

Suppression of adipocyte differentiation by Cordyceps militaris through activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor.  

PubMed

Mycelial extracts have a wide range of biological activities that modulate functions of mammalian cells. In this report, we sought to identify antiadipogenic mycelia with the use of 3T3-L1 cells and found that the extract of Cordyceps militaris exclusively suppressed differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes into mature adipocytes without affecting cell viability. This inhibitory effect was dose dependent, reversible, and associated with 1) a decrease in lipid accumulation, 2) blunted induction of adipocyte markers including adiponectin, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-alpha, and 3) sustained expression of a preadipocyte marker, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. C. militaris also significantly decreased accumulation of lipid and hypertrophy in mature adipocytes and preserved their response to insulin (phosphorylation of Akt) during prolonged culture. Subsequent experiments revealed that C. militaris has the potential to activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). In 3T3-L1 cells, treatment with AhR agonists including benzo[a]pyrene and 3-methylcholanthrene reproduced the antiadipogenic effect of C. militaris. Furthermore, dominant-negative inhibition of AhR abrogated the suppressive effect of C. militaris on adipocyte differentiation. These results suggest that C. militaris has the potential to interfere with adipocyte differentiation through activation of AhR. PMID:18664595

Shimada, Tsuyoshi; Hiramatsu, Nobuhiko; Kasai, Ayumi; Mukai, Mai; Okamura, Maro; Yao, Jian; Huang, Tao; Tamai, Minori; Takahashi, Shuhei; Nakamura, Tomoyuki; Kitamura, Masanori

2008-10-01

430

Production of laccase and manganese peroxidase by Pleurotus pulmonarius in solid-state cultures and application in dye decolorization.  

PubMed

The production of ligninolytic enzymes (laccase and Mn-dependent peroxidase) by the white-rot fungus Pleurotus pulmonarius (FR.) Quélet was studied in solid-state cultures using agricultural and food wastes as substrate. The highest activities of laccase were found in wheat bran (2,860?±?250 U/L), pineapple peel (2,450?±?230 U/L), and orange bagasse (2,100?±?270 U/L) cultures, all of them at an initial moisture level of 85 %. The highest activities of Mn peroxidase were obtained in pineapple peel cultures (2,200?±?205 U/L) at an initial moisture level of 75 %. In general, the condition of high initial moisture level (80-90 %) was the best condition for laccase activity, while the best condition for Mn peroxidase activity was cultivation at low initial moisture (50-70 %). Cultures containing high Mn peroxidase activities were more efficient in the decolorization of the industrial dyes remazol brilliant blue R (RBBR), Congo red, methylene blue, and ethyl violet than those containing high laccase activity. Also, crude enzymatic extracts with high Mn peroxidase activity were more efficient in the in vitro decolorization of methylene blue, ethyl violet, and Congo red. The dye RBBR was efficiently decolorized by both crude extracts, rich in Mn peroxidase activity or rich in laccase activity. PMID:23645502

dos Santos Bazanella, Gisele Cristina; de Souza, Daniela Farani; Castoldi, Rafael; Oliveira, Roselene Ferreira; Bracht, Adelar; Peralta, Rosane Marina

2013-11-01

431

How wartime military service affects children and families.  

PubMed

How are children's lives altered when a parent goes off to war? What aspects of combat deployment are most likely to put children at risk for psychological and other problems, and what resources for resilience can they tap to overcome such hardships and thrive? To answer these questions, Patricia Lester and Lieutenant Colonel Eric Flake first examine the deployment cycle, a multistage process that begins with a period of anxious preparation after a family receives notice that a parent will be sent into combat. Perhaps surprisingly, for many families, they write, the most stressful part of the deployment cycle is not the long months of separation that follow but the postdeployment period, when service members, having come home from war, must be reintegrated into families whose internal rhythms have changed and where children have taken on new roles. Lester and Flake then walk us through a range of theoretical perspectives that help us understand the interconnected environments in which military children live their lives, from the dynamics of the family system itself to the external contexts of the communities where they live and the military culture that helps form their identity. The authors conclude that policy makers can help military-connected children and their families cope with deployment by, among other things, strengthening community support services and adopting public health education measures that are designed to reduce the stigma of seeking treatment for psychological distress. They warn, however, that much recent research on military children's response to deployment is flawed in various ways, and they call for better-designed, longer-term studies as well as more rigorous evaluation of existing and future support programs. PMID:25518695

Lester, Patricia; Flake, Eric

2013-01-01

432

Military Training: Potential Roles for Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines potential roles vocational education could play to assist the military in meeting its training responsibilities within the context of three major military and training issues: survival of the All Volunteer Force, use of the Total Force Management concept, and demands of high technology. Discussion is divided into three…

Ruff, Richard R.; And Others

433

Fiber system for the military environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military telecommunications applications and specialized military applications of guided wave optics are discussed. Examples include long-haul time-domain multiplexers for tactical command control and communications, detector devices for plasma diagnostics and nuclear testing applications, fiber-guided weapons systems, fiber-optic interferometric hydrophones, and integrated-optic spectrum analyzers.

M. K. Barnoski

1980-01-01

434

Unlocking Insights about Military Children and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As this issue of the "Future of Children" makes clear, there is much yet to learn about military children and their families. A big part of the reason, write Anita Chandra and Andrew London, is the lack of sufficiently robust sources of data. Until more and better data are collected about military families, Chandra and London say, it…

Chandra, Anita; London, Andrew S.

2013-01-01

435

Satellite power system (SPS) military implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the potential military role, both offensive and defensive, of a Satellite Power System (SPS). The very large orbital power source of the SPS could have a number of potential military applications. Perhaps the most arresting, but certainly one in the very distant future is the possibility of developing an anti-ballistic defense weapon utilizing laser or particle beams.

Ozeroff

1978-01-01

436

Teaching Machines in the Modern Military Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide an overview of the possible impact of teaching machines on military training, several strategies were pursued: (1) several teaching machines were described; (2) the techniques of Pressey, Skinner, Crowder, and Pask were examined; (3) relevant research projects were reviewed; (4) appropriate military uses were suggested; and (5) methods…

Eckstrand, Gordon A.; And Others

437

Applied Knowledge Analytics for Military Experimentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge analytics addresses processes for the analysis of integrated quantitative data and qualitative information, within structured and unstructured media. A military experimentation knowledge analytics system and processing methodology is advanced as an instance of knowledge analytics. The referenced knowledge system was developed to analyze new information and communication technologies and supporting organizational processes. In military experimentation the knowledge is developed

R. William Maule; Gordon Schacher; Shelley P. Gallup; Bryan Mcclain

2004-01-01

438

Veterans' Education extension.uci.edu/military  

E-print Network

Veterans' Education Benefits extension.uci.edu/military UC Irvine Extension Welcomes Veterans! We you get the most out of your veterans' educational benefits and to make a successful transition for military veterans · Dedicated support staff to assist you through every stage of your education experience

Loudon, Catherine

439

Cyber Forensics: A Military Operations Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some of the unique military requirements and challenges in Cyber Forensics. A definition of Cyber Forensics is presented in a military context. Capabilities needed to perform cyber forensic analysis in a networked environment are discussed, along with a list of current shortcomings in providing these capabilities and a technology needs list. Finally, it is shown how these

Joseph Giordano; Chester Maciag

2002-01-01

440

Reforming the Military Health Care System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Serious problems beset the military's extensive system of health care: rising budgetary costs, dissatisfaction among its beneficiaries, and inadequate readiness for war. This report was written at the request of the House Committee on Armed Services to examine some of these issues. It looks at a range of possible reforms in the military health…

Slackman, Joel

441

78 FR 66607 - Military Family Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...encourage every American to do their part. Together, let us support our military children as they learn, grow, and live their dreams. And let us keep our military families strong and secure. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United...

2013-11-05

442

Equipment MIS in military industrial enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of the information society, information technology is widely used in many fields. Especially in the military field, it has become a key factor in deciding the result of a war. The information system for equipment management in a military industrial enterprise is a specific application of the computer in equipment management. The paper, based on the requirement

Chen Jichun; Yin Haiping; Jiang Xuying

2000-01-01

443

Military Deployment and Elementary Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact that military deployment has upon academic achievement of elementary school students. TerraNova test scores of 137 fourth and fifth grade students in two elementary schools with a high proportion of military dependent children were examined for two consecutive years. Although the academic test performance fell…

Phelps, Terri; Dunham, Mardis; Lyons, Robert

2010-01-01

444

Effects of military environments on optical adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The military environment imposes harsh conditions on adhesives. These conditions differ both qualitatively and quantitatively from typical civilian environments. Military systems must withstand exposure to moisture, temperature extremes, sunlight\\/ultraviolet radiation and other climatic stresses that are far in excess of what would be expected for commercial applications. Additionally, civilian products rarely consider issues such as fungus susceptibility, resistance to jet

David H. Krevor; Hargovind N. Vazirani; Antai Xu

1993-01-01

445

Filling the security gap: military or police  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper adds to the growing body of research that explores which force, military or civilian police, would be the more effective in filling the security gap in a post-conflict environment. The current debate centres on specialised units within the military or paramilitary constabulary forces such as the Gendarmerie or the Carabinieri as being more appropriate than civilian police in

Garth den Heyer

2011-01-01

446

The Demographics of Military Children and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic…

Clever, Molly; Segal, David R.

2013-01-01

447

Engaging Military Partners: Supporting Connections to Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current Overseas Contingency Operation (OCO), families and communities have been impacted by multiple deployments. This is particularly challenging for families that are geographically isolated from military installations and resources typically available near these facilities. Operation Military Kids (OMK) is a national partnership…

Edwards, Harriett C.

2009-01-01

448

Adapting cots games for military simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interactive digital medium of computer games holds promise for application in the realm of military simulation. This paper presents the Defence Science & Technology Agency (DSTA) and Singapore Armed Forces' (SAF) initiative to leverage on commercial computer games for military applications, how several SAF schools have adopted modified commercial games to enhance classroom instruction, and our future plans to

Gwenda Fong

2004-01-01

449

75 FR 3448 - Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission AGENCY: Department...of Defense established the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (hereafter referred...each of whom serves or has served in a leadership position with either a Military...

2010-01-21

450

75 FR 81244 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Military Leadership Diversity Commission Meeting AGENCY...place: 1. Name of Committee: Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC). 2...for the commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission to continue...

2010-12-27

451

75 FR 2114 - Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC); Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC); Meeting...Defense announces that the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (MLDC) will meet...for the commissioners of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission to continue...

2010-01-14

452

32 CFR 644.326 - Army military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Army military real property. 644.326...Status § 644.326 Army military real property. Military real property, including industrial real property, under the control of the Department of the...

2010-07-01

453

32 CFR 637.4 - Military Police and the USACIDC.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...personnel, or between military police investigations...commander. (c) The control and processing of...crime scene when the military police have investigative...basis without assuming control of the investigation...either USACIDC or the military police cannot...

2010-07-01

454

22 CFR 120.7 - Significant military equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEFINITIONS § 120.7 Significant military equipment. (a) Significant military equipment means articles for which special export controls are warranted because of their capacity for substantial military utility or capability. (b)...

2010-04-01

455

32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2013-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644...Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will be placed in excess...

2014-07-01

456

32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2011-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644...Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will be placed in excess...

2012-07-01

457

32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Air Force military real property. 644...Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will be placed in excess...

2013-07-01

458

32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Air Force military real property. 644...Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air Force will be placed in excess...

2011-07-01

459

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2013-07-01

460

32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs...Supervision § 634.42 Civil-military cooperative programs...effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities...program of traffic enforcement, engineering, and education....

2011-07-01

461

76 FR 13100 - Noncompetitive Appointment of Certain Military Spouses  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Noncompetitive Appointment of Certain Military Spouses AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel...further facilitate the entry of these military spouses into the Federal civil service...noncompetitive hiring authority for certain military spouses. Under this hiring...

2011-03-10

462

45 CFR 2532.10 - Military Installation Conversion Demonstration programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Military Installation Conversion Demonstration... § 2532.10 Military Installation Conversion Demonstration...must contain— (i) A description of the demonstration program...converting an affected military installation, the Corporation will...

2010-10-01

463

POPULAR MOBILIZATION AND THE MILITARY REGIME IN CHILE: THE COMPLEXITIES OF THE INVISIBLE TRANSITION  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT This paper,attempts,an analysis of the popular,mobilizations,in Chile from the perspective,of the problem,of transition from a military regime,to democracy. It begins with some,general reflections on the role of social mobilizations under military regimes, distinguishing among various regime phases and types of mobilizations , and goes on to outline changing state\\/societal relations in Chile in the pre-1973 period,to provide the historical

Manuel Antonio Garretón

1988-01-01

464

Th' invisible artilery: military images in the poems of Andrew Marvell  

E-print Network

the Kingdome old Into another Mold. (11. 33-36) Cromwell it is that will carry England into a new political and military era. He will, as stated in lines 45-56, fight the throne and the monarchy. After ascending to the Protectorate, Cromwell intends... into the military images of his poems. Oliver Cromwell's powerful statement sent forceful impressions of a new political revolution. Andrew Plarvell recorded Cromwell's sentiments in his mil- itary imagery. Andrew ". 1arvell's formally documented relationships...

Gagnon, George Robert

1985-01-01

465

Soviet military doctrine and Western security policy  

SciTech Connect

The late 1970s and early 1980s witnessed an unprecedented polarization of Western political and analytical opinion about the Soviet military and how policy should adapt to the emergence of parity between the superpowers. This study analyzes the roots of this polarization, and brings together for the first time a thorough survey of Western perceptions of Soviet military thought and doctrine, as well as of Soviet perceptions of Western military thought and doctrine. The work demonstrates how both East and West regularly makes judgements on the other's military profile on the basis of political preconceptions about the other's intentions. Western analysis of the Soviet military has not gone much beyond this unfortunate condition because most of the critical questions cannot be answered definitively with existing data and methodology. The study offers an assessment of how analysis of Soviet doctrine can be better factored into Western arms control and force posture planning.

Flynn, G.

1987-01-01

466

[The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital", Russian Ministry of Defence--90 years].  

PubMed

The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital" of the Ministry of Defense undertakes a significant part of the activities of the entire military medical expertise in the Armed Forces. The commission covers the territory of the Central and Volga Federal Districs (19 subordinate entities of the Russian Federation). Currently, the committee consists of three functional departments: recruitment examination and acquisition of military schools, separation of military and military service examination, and examination of the medical department, flight and selection of specialists. A significant component in the military-medical commission is inspection of flight and flight-lift Air Force, for which the commission has a staff department of medical-flight examination, in which medical examination of pilots is carried out (annually--about 500 people). PMID:22558856

Andronenkov, I A; Rybakov, O A; Makhson, I P

2012-02-01

467

Solid-state cultures of Fusarium oxysporum transform aromatic components of olive-mill dry residue and reduce its phytotoxicity.  

PubMed

The present study mainly investigated the ability of solid-state cultures of the non-pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum strain BAFC 738 to transform aromatic components to reduce the phytotoxicity in olive-mill dry residue (DOR), the waste from the two-phase manufacturing process. Lignin, hemicellulose, fats and water-soluble extractives contents of DOR colonized by the fungus for 20 weeks were reduced by 16%, 25%, 71% and 13%, respectively, while the cellulose content increased by 25%. In addition, the ethyl acetate-extractable phenolic fraction of the waste was reduced by 65%. However, mass-balance ultra-filtration and size-exclusion chromatography experiments suggested that the apparent removal of that fraction, mainly including 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethyl alcohol and 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl alcohol, was due to polymerization. Mn-peroxidase and Mn-independent peroxidase activities were found in F. oxysporum solid-state cultures, while laccase and aryl alcohol oxidase activities were not detected. Tests performed with seedlings of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum L.), soybean (Glycine maximum Merr.), and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) grown on soils containing 6% (w/w) of bioconverted DOR (kg soil)(-1) showed that the waste's phytotoxicity was removed by 20 weeks-old fungal cultures. By contrast, the same material exhibited a high residual toxicity towards lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). PMID:17207620

Sampedro, Inmaculada; D'Annibale, Alessandro; Ocampo, Juan A; Stazi, Silvia R; García-Romera, Inmaculada

2007-12-01

468

Is longing only for Germans? A cross-cultural comparison of Sehnsucht in Germany and the United States.  

PubMed

Sehnsucht, the longing or yearning for ideal yet seemingly unreachable states of life, is a salient topic in German culture and has proven useful for understanding self-regulation across adulthood in a German sample (e.g., Scheibe, Freund, & Baltes, 2007). The current study tested whether findings for German samples could be generalized to the more individualistic and agentic U.S. American culture. Four samples of U.S. American and German participants (total N = 1,276) age 18 to 81 years reported and rated their 2 most important life longings and completed measures of subjective well-being and health. Measurement equivalence was established at the level of factor loadings for central life longing characteristics. German and U.S. American participants did not differ in self-reported ease of identifying personal life longings or their intensity. In comparison to Germans, however, U.S. Americans associated life longings less with utopian, unattainable states and reported less salience of the concept in everyday life. Associations with measures of adaptation suggest that life longings can be both functional and dysfunctional for development in both cultures. PMID:21219068

Scheibe, Susanne; Blanchard-Fields, Fredda; Wiest, Maja; Freund, Alexandra M

2011-05-01

469

Francisella asiatica as the causative agent of piscine francisellosis in cultured tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) in the United States.  

PubMed

Francisella asiatica is a Gram-negative, pleomorphic, facultative intracellular, bacterial pathogen that causes acute to chronic disease in a wide variety of warm-water cultured and wild fish species. Outbreaks of francisellosis in warm water fish have been documented in Taiwan, Japan, United Kingdom, Hawaii, and Latin America (including Costa Rica) but the organism has only been reported from the United States on one occasion from hybrid striped bass in California. In 2010, the bacterium was detected from diseased tilapia by culture on cystine heart agar supplemented with hemoglobin and by utilizing an F. asiatica-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. The tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were cultured in an indoor, closed, recirculating aquaculture facility in the Midwest of the United States. The identity of isolates recovered from diseased fish was confirmed as F. asiatica by amplification and sequence comparison of the 16S ribosomal RNA and intracellular growth locus C (iglC) gene. Gross and microscopic examination of affected tissues revealed the presence of marked anterior renomegaly and splenomegaly with severe granulomatous disease. PMID:21908332

Soto, Esteban; Baumgartner, Wes; Wiles, Judy; Hawke, John P

2011-07-01

470

Do black-white racial disparities in breastfeeding persist in the military community?  

PubMed

We conduct a comparative analysis of breastfeeding behavior between military and civilian-affiliated mothers. Our focus is on African American mothers among whom breastfeeding rates are lowest. The military context may mitigate conditions associated with low breastfeeding prevalence by (a) providing stable employment and educational opportunities to populations who face an otherwise poor labor market and (b) providing universal healthcare that includes breastfeeding consultation. Using pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system (PRAMS) data for which we received special permission from each state to flag military affiliation, we analyze civilians and military affiliate in breastfeeding initiation using logistic regression and breastfeeding duration using Cox proportional hazard analysis. We find that breastfeeding is more prevalent among all women in the military setting and that the black-white gap in breastfeeding duration common among civilians is significantly reduced among military affiliates. Breastfeeding is a crucial component of maternal and child health and eliminating racial disparities in its prevalence is a public health priority. This study is the first to identify the military as an important institutional context that deserves closer examination to glean potential policy implications for civilian society. PMID:24894729

Lundquist, Jennifer; Xu, Zhun; Barfield, Wanda; Elo, Irma

2015-02-01

471

PTSD in the military: special considerations for understanding prevalence, pathophysiology and treatment following deployment.  

PubMed

Given the unique context of warzone engagement, which may include chronic threat, multiple and lengthy deployments, and loss, there is a need to understand whether and to what extent knowledge about PTSD derived from studies of civilian trauma exposure is generalizeable to the military. This special issue on PTSD in the military addresses a range of issues and debates related to mental health in military personnel and combat veterans. This article provides an overview of the issues covered in selected contributions that have been assembled for a special volume to consider issues unique to the military. Several leading scholars and military experts have contributed papers regarding: 1) prevalence rates of PTSD and other post-deployment mental health problems in different NATO countries, 2) the search for biomarkers of PTSD and the potential applications of such findings, and 3) prevention and intervention approaches for service members and veterans. The volume includes studies that highlight the divergence in prevalence rates of PTSD and other post-deployment mental health problems across nations and that discuss potential causes and implications. Included studies also provide an overview of research conducted in military or Veteran's Affairs settings, and overarching reviews of military-wide approaches to research, promotion of resilience, and mental health interventions in the Unites States and across NATO and allied ISAF partners. PMID:25206950

Yehuda, Rachel; Vermetten, Eric; McFarlane, Alexander C; Lehrner, Amy

2014-01-01

472

Sale of US military aircraft to Saudi Arabia. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

The end of the Cold War in the late 1980s resulted in a gigantic downsizing and consolidation of America`s defense industries, as domestic demand plummeted and the volume of international arms trading fell. However, in total world arms exports the United States exports more arms than any other nation. The country of Saudi Arabia has been the destination of a disproportionate amount of these weapons. The following account is an examination of the US military aerospace industry, the world military aerospace market, US government policy concerning arms exports, and the Saudi aerospace market. Each of these entities profoundly impacts US-Saudi military aerospace commerce. By individually analyzing the above factors, it will be demonstrated that the supply relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia is dependent on the convergence of several long standing and deep seated aspirations on the part of the three major players: the US Aerospace Industry, the US Government, and the Saudi Government. The US military aerospace industry`s exports are critical to ensure its independent survival, help fund crucial RD programs, and maintain a viable defense high tech industrial base in the U.S. In addition, it wishes to exert a military presence in the Gulf area and nurture relations with Saudi Arabia in particular, as the world`s leading oil producer. The Saudi government requires a military defense anchored in high tech aerospace systems, as well as a dependable and capable military ally such as the US.

Bents, E.R.

1995-05-01

473

PTSD in the military: special considerations for understanding prevalence, pathophysiology and treatment following deployment  

PubMed Central

Given the unique context of warzone engagement, which may include chronic threat, multiple and lengthy deployments, and loss, there is a need to understand whether and to what extent knowledge about PTSD derived from studies of civilian trauma exposure is generalizeable to the military. This special issue on PTSD in the military addresses a range of issues and debates related to mental health in military personnel and combat veterans. This article provides an overview of the issues covered in selected contributions that have been assembled for a special volume to consider issues unique to the military. Several leading scholars and military experts have contributed papers regarding: 1) prevalence rates of PTSD and other post-deployment mental health problems in different NATO countries, 2) the search for biomarkers of PTSD and the potential applications of such findings, and 3) prevention and intervention approaches for service members and veterans. The volume includes studies that highlight the divergence in prevalence rates of PTSD and other post-deployment mental health problems across nations and that discuss potential causes and implications. Included studies also provide an overview of research conducted in military or Veteran's Affairs settings, and overarching reviews of military-wide approaches to research, promotion of resilience, and mental health interventions in the Unites States and across NATO and allied ISAF partners. PMID:25206950

Yehuda, Rachel; Vermetten, Eric; McFarlane, Alexander C.; Lehrner, Amy

2014-01-01

474

The Representation of Other Cultures in Award-Winning Picture Books from the United States, Australia, and Great Britain (1960-2009)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the representation of other cultures in award-winning picture books from the United States, Australia, and Great Britain between 1960 and 2009. Not only was the cultural content of children's literature over the past fifty years investigated, but the protocol created to evaluate the books was a newly…

Hall, Virginia

2011-01-01

475

Cell yields and fermentation responses of a Salmonella Typhimurium poultry isolate at different dilution rates in an anaerobic steady state continuous culture  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objectives of these studies were to determine cell yield and fermentation responses of a Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium poultry isolate using various dilution rates in steady state continuous culture incubations. S. enterica Typhimurium cells were propagated in continuous cultures with ...

476

An Organizational Culture Study of Missouri State University Faculty/Staff in Relation to the University's Public Affair Mission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to address a problem of practice of the public affairs mission through the perceptions of faculty and staff members at Missouri State University of the University's organizational culture. The design included a phenomenological study with a set of organizational culture procedural questions related to the…

Weaver, Marissa LeClaire

2012-01-01

477

Changing Ecological and Cultural States and Preferences of Nature Conservation Policy: The Case of Nature Values Trade in South-Western Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present a rural Finnish case of nature conservation called the nature values trade (NVT) as an example of the process of changing ecological and cultural states and preferences of environmental policy. We emphasise the importance of local ecological and cultural circumstances for the formulation of environmental policy. The study shows how…

Paloniemi, Riikka; Vilja, Varho

2009-01-01

478

Comment on Bachmann et al. (2013): A nonrepresentative sample cannot describe the extent of cultural eutrophication of natural lakes in the United States  

E-print Network

of cultural eutrophication of natural lakes in the United States In their recent paper, Bachmann et al. (2013 eutrophication since Europe- an settlement, using paleolimnological data collected during the 2007 National Lakes the prevalence of culturally eutrophic lakes (Finlayson and D'Cruz 2005; Carpenter et al. 2011), the conclusion

Lottig, Noah R.

2013-01-01

479

[Peninsular War and military health].  

PubMed

The Napoleonic Wars served to consolidate Army Medical Services on a national scale. All major eminent surgeons of the moment, such as Guthrie or Larrey, took part in the fight. Larrey made the revolutionary contribution of developing the "flying ambulances", a completely new concept at the time. Although surgical techniques were already well described at the time, the deficient hemostasis, the unchecked pain, and above all the numerous infections imposed severe limitations. Mortality among the injured reached 33% and the rate of infection was 90%. The Spanish surgical school contributed to military surgery with the practice known as "the Spanish Cure" which was a conservative approach to the treatment of wounds. This approach was later adopted by the army surgeons of the other countries. Deaths by illness were ten times higher than the number of injured. PMID:19505003

Ballesteros Fernández, Alfonso

2008-01-01

480

Clinical toxicology and military application.  

PubMed

The changing operational tempo and types of deployment have, since the end of the Cold War, required a change in CBRN training. The threat from weapons of mass destruction has been replaced with the threat from improvised explosive devices and insurgent attempts to develop asymmetric weapons to target military and civilian populations. In addition exposure to hazardous materials as well as environmental hazards and natural toxins requires a greater awareness of the necessary supportive and definitive management. Developing a cadre of specialists with an interest in toxicology and environmental medicine, within either emergency or acute medicine, would be advantageous to deployed units as well as specialised units, including those tasked in support of UK homeland security. An established pathway for sub-specialisation in clinical toxicology does not yet exist. With the establishment of the College of Emergency Medicine, as well as the Acute Medicine Society and Intensive Care Society further development of clinical toxicology is likely. PMID:17310611

Bland, S A

2006-01-01

481

33 CFR 165.1198 - Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA. 165.1198 Section...District § 165.1198 Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun...

2014-07-01

482

33 CFR 165.1198 - Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA. 165.1198 Section...District § 165.1198 Safety zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun...

2013-07-01

483

War Upon the Map: The Politics of Military User Innovation  

E-print Network

While military personnel are often involved in the design of information technology, the literature on military innovation generally assumes defense contractors are the primary producers. Furthermore, general organizational ...

Lindsay, Jon R.

2006-07-18

484

The Use of Novels in Teaching Cultural Geography of the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a college-level course in cultural geography which employed novels as instructional resources to help students understand how particular individuals and groups dealt with the environment of specific places through time. Novels such as "Babbitt" and "The Grapes of Wrath" illustrate influences of technological change and regional…

Silverman, Sherman E.

1977-01-01

485

The Spelling Achievement of Third Culture Children Compared to United States Norms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spelling is a critical component to literacy development. Teachers of American children living overseas as well as adult "Third Culture Kids" (TCKs) have reported that spelling is especially challenging for the TCK population. This study investigated whether a difference existed in TCK spelling achievement compared to U.S. norms, as well as the…

Cuidon, Lauren Jayne Berry

2009-01-01

486

76 FR 58031 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Description of the Cultural Items In 1953-1954, human remains were removed from the Cedar Cave Site (45-KT-20), in Kittitas County, WA, during a University of Washington Field Expedition led by Dr. Earl Swanson, Jr. The human remains and...

2011-09-19

487

CAPOST-PASTEURIAN CULTURES: The Microbiopolitics of Raw-Milk Cheese in the United States  

E-print Network

-for-profit organization of artisan and specialty producers, retailers, distribu- tors, a few dairy scientists, and food thrive in the moist environment of a soft cheese. While the Food and Drug.23.1.15. #12;CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY 23:1 and "artisanal" joining "organic," might make cheese making a value

Seager, Sara

488

Research Review: Teens as Authors of Web Culture [and] The State of Arts Education in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this Research Review, the authors first look at a recent study of online content creation by teens in America conducted by the Pew Internet & American Life Project ("Teens as Authors of Web Culture," Review by Keidra Chaney). The study both confirms and challenges some common beliefs about teens and technology, and raises questions about how…

Brown, Susannah, Ed.

2007-01-01

489

A cross-cultural comparison of leadership skills across the United States, the United Kingdom and Italy: a quantitative design using internet technology  

E-print Network

This study focused on cross-cultural leadership styles between the United States, the United Kingdom and the Republic of Italy to determine if any significant statistical differences in leadership style exist. It is a common belief that leadership...

Moro, Fabio

2005-11-01

490

Substance Abuse in the Military  

MedlinePLUS

... some of these differences. Zero-tolerance policies and stigma pose difficulties in identifying and treating substance use ... a cultural climate in which drug problems are stigmatized and evoke fear in people suffering from them. ...

491

Cultural Shock  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Demos organization in London is a think-tank that produces compelling reports on everything from public space to government spending. This report from October 2010 is by Samuel Jones, and he explores the relationship between the British government and culture and sport. His basic question is: "Why should the state get involved in culture, and if it should, how?" The 154-page report is divided into sections such as "Society and the cultural realm", "Taking the cultural pulse of a nation", and "Evidence of Potential". It's an interesting read, and the paper argues that "cultural policy must focus on the equitable distribution of individuals' cultural capabilities, indicating that this will require thinking anew about what form the structures take, and how they are run."

Jones, Samuel

492

U.S. Army Center of Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army. It provides a vast range of services designed to support the historical research efforts of different sections and organizations within the Army. First-time visitors may wish to start at the Medal of Honor area, which provides some detailed information about this most celebrated award, along with its recipients. The Force Structure and Unit History Branch area provides information about the various units and divisions within the Army, including those that no longer exist. The Army Museum System area provides detailed information about the various museums around the United States that cover the vast military history of the different states. The Artwork & Images area contains hundreds of artistic images that include dramatic paintings of key military excursions, along with thematic photographic collections like Army Libraries Through the Years and Buffalo Soldiers on the Eve of World War II. Visitors shouldn't leave without looking over the The Green Books series. This series covers all aspects of the Army's involvement in World War II; titles include "The War in the Pacific," "The Middle East Theater," and "The Technical Services." [KMG

2013-01-10

493

Military Personnel Overseas "Weblog" Their Experiences Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few years, Weblogs have become quite popular, with thousands of individuals, organizations, and other groups forming their own sites devoted to this form of online expression. For those unfamiliar with this growing phenomenon, a Weblog is quite literally a "log" of the Web, where the author links to other Web pages he or she finds interesting, complete with running narration and brief descriptions. (Note to readers: The Scout Report has its own Weblog located at http://scout.wisc.edu/weblog/ ) With the war in Iraq, many United States military personnel have created their own Weblogs, often recounting personal stories, daily events, and tributes to fallen colleagues. The United States military has adopted an open policy towards this practice, though some commentators have expressed concern that certain sensitive material might be disseminated through these reports. Despite these concerns, "on-the-spot" broadcasts have been a hallmark of war-time reporting since the days of Ernie Pyle, and are likely to continue unabated.The first link takes visitors to a recent news article from the Washington Post about the growing number of war-related Weblogs. The second link is to a news article from the online technology news service, ZD Net UK, about the wide variety of Weblogs that have emerged as of late. The third link leads to one of the most popular soldier produced Weblogs, created by "L.T. Smash," the nickname of a US Navy reservist who arrived in the Gulf region last December. The fourth link is to another soldier's Weblog, a US Army reservist who goes by the name "Will." The fifth link is to a Forbes.com feature that ranks a number of war Weblogs on presentation, quality, relevance, and reputation. The sixth link is to an editorial about war Weblogs by Tim Cavanaugh, writing for the Online Journalism Review, a Web-based journal produced at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Southern California. The last link leads visitors to a collection of columns written by the legendary Ernie Pyle, the Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and World War II correspondent.

Grinnell, Max

494

A Study of the Life and Culture of Young Korean Students Studying in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of young Korean students studying abroad--many moving to English-speaking countries--has increased. This article describes the lives of young Korean students studying in the United States. For data collection, unstructured interviews were conducted with young Korean students studying in the Northwestern states of the United States.…

Lee, Doo Hyoo

2010-01-01

495

Military consensus behind Soviet arms control proposals  

SciTech Connect

For nearly two years General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev has tried to entice the West with a spectacular array of arms control proposals and initiatives. On issues such as on-site inspections and European missile reductions, he has made such significant concessions over previous Soviet positions that questions have been raised, and not satisfactorily answered, about how much support Gorbachev's diplomacy enjoys among the Soviet military. For example, have Gorbachev's proposals been a bold personal gamble to achieve agreement without the prior approval of the Soviet military bureaucracy. Or does his arms control diplomacy represent a broad consensus among the military leadership and a realignment of Soviet military doctrine and grand strategy. A careful examination of recent Soviet military thought shows that such a consensus exists. A broad and stable coalition of key military leaders supports the General Secretary's policies. Moreover, recent Soviet concessions are not, as commonly argued, a stopgap ploy to halt the US Strategic Defense Initiative or Star Wars. Rather, the military's support for Gorbachev's arms-control diplomacy is based on some serious strategic analysis and stems from broad, fundamental, and enduring changes in Soviet national security policy.

Weickhardt, G.C.

1987-09-01

496

The Soviet Far East military buildup: Nuclear dilemmas and Asian security  

SciTech Connect

The growing nuclearization of the Soviet military presence in the Far East has been of increasing concern to the United States and its Asian-Pacific allies. This volume brings together the diverse perspectives of multinational groups of defense and foreign policy experts associated with the Security Conference on Asia and the Pacific. Topics considered include the problems of coalition defense; strategic issues for the Soviet Union; motives and prospects; thinking about the nuclear balance; Soviet military deployments: Implications for China's security; the Soviet military buildup in Japan; theater nuclear weapons and Japan's defense policy; the Soviet military buildup in the Far East and South Korea; ANZAC perspectives on Soviet power in the Pacific; prospects for a new Korean War; Indochina, 1982-1985; links between Asian and European security; The European theater nuclear force; and European and Japanese Experiences.

Solomon, R.H.; Kosaka, M.

1986-01-01

497

Effects of military environments on optical adhesives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military environment imposes harsh conditions on adhesives. These conditions differ both qualitatively and quantitatively from typical civilian environments. Military systems must withstand exposure to moisture, temperature extremes, sunlight/ultraviolet radiation and other climatic stresses that are far in excess of what would be expected for commercial applications. Additionally, civilian products rarely consider issues such as fungus susceptibility, resistance to jet fuels and de-icing solvents, or resistance to chemical warfare agents and their decontaminants. The effect of military environments on both the optical and mechanical properties of optical adhesives are discussed for avionic display applications.

Krevor, David H.; Vazirani, Hargovind N.; Xu, Antai

1993-09-01

498

Headstart German Program. Cultural Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module provides cultural information that will be helpful to military personnel in understanding some aspects of the German way of life. The topics covered in the booklet are: housing, postal services, forms of address, courtesies, getting around, driving, hotels, restaurants, beer and wine, recreation, entertainment, health spas, shopping,…

Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.

499

Protecting Cultural Monuments Against Terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Famous cultural monuments are often regarded as unique icons, making them an attractive target for terrorists. Despite huge military and police outlays, terrorist attacks on important monuments can hardly be avoided. We argue that an effective strategy for discouraging terrorist attacks on iconic monuments is for the government to show a firm commitment to swift reconstruction. Using a simple game-theoretic

BRUNO S. FREYa; Dominic Rohner

2005-01-01

500

Survival, induction and resuscitation of Vibrio cholerae from the viable but non-culturable state in the Southern Caribbean Sea.  

PubMed

The causative agent of cholera, Vibrio cholerae, can enter into a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state in response to unfavorable conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in situ survival of V. cholerae in an aquatic environment of the Southern Caribbean Sea, and its induction and resuscitation from the VBNC state. V. cholerae non-O1, non-O139 was inoculated into diffusion chambers placed at the Cuare Wildlife Refuge, Venezuela, and monitored for plate, total and viable cells counts. At 119 days of exposure to the environment, the colony count was < 10 CFU/mL and a portion of the bacterial population entered the VBNC state. Additionally, the viability decreased two orders of magnitude and morphological changes occurred from rod to coccoid cells. Among the aquatic environmental variables, the salinity had negative correlation with the colony counts in the dry season. Resuscitation studies showed significant recovery of cell cultivability with spent media addition (p < 0.05). These results suggest that V. cholerae can persist in the VBNC state in this Caribbean environment and revert to a cultivable form under favorable conditions. The VBNC state might represent a critical step in cholera transmission in susceptible areas. PMID:25651322

Fernández-Delgado, Milagro; García-Amado, María Alexandra; Contreras, Monica; Incani, Renzo Nino; Chirinos, Humberto; Rojas, Héctor; Suárez, Paula

2015-01-01