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1

Cultural intelligence support for military operations  

SciTech Connect

It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

Guthormsen, Nay M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Kerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morgart, Ruth E [INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY

2010-01-01

2

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

CULTURAL RESOURCES SERVICES CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS CEMML | 1490@cemml.colostate.edu | http://www.cemml.colostate.edu The Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML) provides assistance to military land managers for technical support in cultural resources management

3

Cultural Competence, Educators, and Military Families: Understanding the Military in a Department of Defense Dependent's School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military members have a strong cultural identity, one that distinguishes them from civilians. This qualitative study sought to identify the cultural competencies needed for educators to better understand an American military constituency. Data were obtained through semistructured interviews, collection of documents, and observations of public…

Keegan, Danette; Hyle, Adrienne E.; Sanders, Vicki

2004-01-01

4

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6 Section 575.6...PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of...

2013-07-01

5

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

...2014-07-01 false Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6 Section 575.6...PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of...

2014-07-01

6

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2009-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6 Section 575.6...PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of...

2011-07-01

7

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2009-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6 Section 575.6...PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of...

2012-07-01

8

32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6 Section 575.6...PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of...

2010-07-01

9

Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-cultural Adaptation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation.\\u000a The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting\\u000a a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills of social interaction\\u000a (e.g., adaptive emotional resilience, behavioral flexibility) that could assist military members with cross-cultural

Patrice A. Keats

2010-01-01

10

Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

Keats, Patrice A.

2010-01-01

11

United States military posture for FY 1989  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of this statement on the military posture of the United States is to supplement testimony by the Chairman and other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at congressional hearings in support of the FY 1989 Defense Budget. Chapter I is an overview that describes the main challenges to US national security, outlines objectives and elements of US military strategy, and highlights continuing efforts to field the best possible armed forces for the protection of US national interests. Chapter II compares US defense requirements and resource commitment with those of the Soviet Union. Chapter III provides an overview of the global military environment by comparing US and allied forces with Soviet and Warsaw Pact forces. Chapter IV assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces to meet the Soviet nuclear threat. Chapter V assesses the current and projected capability of the US Armed Forces, in concert with friends and allies, to meet the Soviet conventional military threat. This chapter deals primarily with joint perspectives that have increased the capabilities and efficiency of our forces. Chapter VI addresses other topics of interest. Unless otherwise noted, data shown in this report have used operational as opposed to treaty inventories for strategic weapon systems, a fiscal year cutoff date of 30 September 1987, and mobilized forces. Additionally, data have been developed based on a global as opposed to regional war scenario.

Not Available

1989-01-01

12

Isolation, purification and identification of polysaccharides from cultured Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four polysaccharides from the water extract of cultured Cordyceps militaris were isolated through ethanol precipitation, deproteination and gel-filtration chromatography. Their molecular weights were determined using gel-filtration chromatography. Among the four isolated polysaccharides, the structures of two of them (CPS-2 and CPS-3) were elucidated by sugar analysis, Smith degradation, IR and 13C–NMR spectroscopy.

Rongmin Yu; Lei Wang; Hui Zhang; Changxin Zhou; Yu Zhao

2004-01-01

13

Breaking Down Cultural Barriers to Military Entry into Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper was to identify a problem in higher education that needed a new solution and draft a viable proposal for how to resolve it. I chose the problem of cultural barriers that veterans often face when attempting to return to many universities following military service. The method used was a combination of existing literature…

Hollis, Michael J.

2009-01-01

14

Identification of nucleosides and nucleobases from cultured Cordyceps militaris.  

PubMed

Four nucleosides and seven nucleobases were isolated from the BuOH subfraction of the extract of cultured Cordyceps militaris; one of them, 6-acetylpurine (1) is a new natural compound. The structure of I was determined on the basis of HR-ESI-MS, and I D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis. PMID:25026707

Chen, Li-Hua; Yang, Min-Juan; Guan, Yong-Mei; Zhu, Wei-Feng; Huang, Hui-Lian

2014-05-01

15

United States Military Academy Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Military Academy Library is the oldest federal library in the United States. Recently, they have placed hundreds of rare items online on their very well-organized site. The site includes over twenty thematic collections, and visitors can also browse the collection by document type, such as books, manuscripts, maps, and photographs. There are some real gems here including an eighteen-minute silent movie on Army football, a collection of college yearbooks from the academy (the yearbook is appropriately named the "Howitzer"), and audio lectures from the West Point Distinguished Lecture Series. Finally, the site also includes 40 Civil War maps and a 21-minute film titled, "The MacArthur Story".

16

Optimization of solid state culture conditions for the production of adenosine, cordycepin, and D-mannitol in fruiting bodies of medicinal caterpillar fungus Cordyceps militaris (L.:Fr.) Link (Ascomycetes).  

PubMed

In general, Cordyceps sinensis is much more popular than C. militaris, though both species contain quite similar bioactive ingredients and exhibit medicinal activities. Many bioactive ingredients have been isolated from C. militaris, such as adenosine, cordycepin, D-mannitol, and exopolysaccharides. C. militaris is claimed to have extensive pharmacological properties, such as: anti-inflammatory; anti-fatigue; anti-bacterial; anti-diabetic; improve lung, liver, and kidney functions; to be beneficial for treating cancer as well as male and female sexual dysfunctions. C. militaris is fast gaining momentum for its so-called health benefits, and it is often used as a substitute for C. sinensis. In view of the growing popularity of C. militaris, nowadays C. militaris cultivation for stroma is also done. There is a great diversity of compounds from different strains of Cordyceps and different artificially cultivated products. This study is to determine the optimum culture parameters integrated with substrate of choice to bring the indoor-cultivated C. militaris to a higher and more consistent level of quality. To achieve the above objective, the resultant products after growth were analyzed for adenosine, cordycepin, and D-mannitol using the high-performance liquid chromatography method. The optimum culture condition to produce a high level of adenosine is by using millet as solid substrate. It must be cultivated in the dark for the first 7 days and harvested on day 40. The optimum culture condition to produce a high level of cordycepin is by using soybean as solid substrate. It must be cultivated in the dark for the first 14 days and harvested on day 50. While a high level of D-mannitol is achieved with millet as the solid substrate. It must be kept in the dark for the first 7 days and harvested on day 50. The adenosine level decreased and cordycepin increased from day 40 of culture to day 50 generally. PMID:22506578

Lim, LekTeng; Lee, ChiaYen; Chang, EngThuan

2012-01-01

17

78 FR 32241 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA); Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA); Meeting AGENCY: Department...1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date...following: Graduation 2013, Class of 2017, Military Program (Summer Training),...

2013-05-29

18

77 FR 31339 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department...1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date...following: Physical, Moral/Ethical and Military Programs, to include Summer...

2012-05-25

19

Production of cordycepin by surface culture using the medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The production conditions of cordycepin (3?-deoxyadenosine), which is a kind of nucleoside analogue, were investigated by a surface culture using Cordyceps militaris NBRC 9787. About 98% of the cordycepin synthesized by Cordyceps militaris was secreted into the culture medium, and other nucleic acid-related compounds except for cordycepin and guanine were only slightly observed in the medium. The preferable nitrogen source

Mina Masuda; Eriko Urabe; Akihiko Sakurai; Mikio Sakakibara

2006-01-01

20

76 FR 63188 - Hawaii State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations AGENCY: Occupational Safety...sector employers and employees at all military installations. The state of Hawaii...sector employers within the borders of all military installations in Hawaii....

2011-10-12

21

Asymmetry of will : the effect of religious radicalism on state military doctrine  

E-print Network

How is a state's military doctrine affected by the presence of radical religious ideology in its military? Using analysis of satellite imagery, recent military exercises, and a series of source interviews, I examine the ...

Lewis, Patrick (Patrick Joseph)

2012-01-01

22

SYNCHRONIZING KNOWLEDGE IN MILITARY DECISION MAKING: A RESEARCH APPROACH FOR EXPLORING THE EFFECTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decision making in such high stress environments as a military operations center requires synchronization of available knowledge and information systems capabilities. Investigating the effects of organizational culture on the military decision making process can be difficult due to limited access to participants and security classification issues. A qualitative approach for exploratory research in this environment based on an information landscape

Larry George; Robert Joseph Skovira

2008-01-01

23

English Discussion Groups: A Means for the Military to Understand Culture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To truly understand an adversary it requires more than good intelligence on the battlefield. It requires a detailed understanding of culture and a holistic approach to utilizing both hard and soft power methods within the government and military. English ...

D. E. Berensen

2012-01-01

24

Armed forces, states and threats : civil-military institutions and military power in modern democracies  

E-print Network

Two longstanding questions preoccupying political scientists, military officers and policymakers alike are how should and how do political leaders interact with military professionals? This thesis argues that historic ...

DeVore, Marc Ronald

2009-01-01

25

First War Syndrome : military culture, professionalization, and counterinsurgency doctrine  

E-print Network

Counterinsurgency was a persistent and important challenge to military organizations in the second half of the 20th century and seems likely to continue to pose a challenge in the 21st century. This makes understanding how ...

Long, Austin G

2010-01-01

26

Proceedings of the 2002 American Society for Engineering Education Zone I Conference United States Military Academy  

E-print Network

Military Academy H Experiences using Flying Models in Competitions and Coursework Robert P. Hansen , Lyle N. Long/ , Todd A. Dellert United States Military Academy/ / Pennsylvania State University Abstract States Military Academy and the Pennsylvania State University are described. Free-flight model gliders

27

Severe hearing impairment among military veterans--United States, 2010.  

PubMed

A substantial proportion of hearing loss in the United States is attributable to employment-related exposure to noise. Among military veterans, the most common service-connected disabilities are hearing impairments, suggesting that occupational noise exposure during military service might cause more veterans to have hearing loss than nonveterans. However, a recent analysis of data from the 1993-1995 Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study did not find significant differences between the two groups. To further investigate hearing loss among veterans, specifically the prevalence of severe hearing impairment (SHI), data from the 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS) were analyzed. This report describes the results of those analyses, which indicated that the prevalence of SHI among veterans was significantly greater than among nonveterans. Veterans were 30% more likely to have SHI than nonveterans after adjusting for age and current occupation, and veterans who served in the United States or overseas during September 2001-March 2010, the era of overseas contingency operations (including Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom), were four times more likely than nonveterans to have SHI. These findings suggest a need for increased emphasis on improving military hearing conservation programs (HCPs) and on hearing loss surveillance in military and veterans' health systems. PMID:21775950

2011-07-22

28

75 FR 65460 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military Academy Board...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military Academy Board of Visitors AGENCY: Department...renewing the charter for the United States Military Academy Board of Visitors (hereafter...States on matters relating to the U.S. Military Academy, including the following:...

2010-10-25

29

Anti-inflammatory and related pharmacological activities of cultured mycelia and fruiting bodies of Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to elucidate pharmacological activities of Cordyceps militaris. The 70% ethanolic extracts of cultured mycelia (CME) and fruiting bodies (FBE) of Cordyceps militaris were prepared. CME was able to directly scavenge the stable free radical diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), indicating its antioxidant activity. Both CME and FBE showed topical anti-inflammatory activity in the croton oil-induced ear edema in mice. CME

So-Young Won; Eun-Hee Park

2005-01-01

30

Military Medical Graduates' Perceptions of Organizational Culture in Turkish Military Medical School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizational culture is the term used to describe the shared beliefs, perceptions, and expectations of individuals in organizations.\\u000a In the healthcare environment, organizational culture has been associated with several elements of organizational experience\\u000a that contribute to quality, such as nursing care, job satisfaction, and patient safety. A range of tools have been designed\\u000a to measure organizational culture and applied in

Mustafa Ozer; Bilal Bakir; Abdulkadir Teke; Muharrem Ucar; Turker Bas; Adnan Atac

2008-01-01

31

75 FR 60159 - Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice 7189] Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related...is investigating, prosecuting, and punishing military and police personnel who have been credibly alleged to have violated...

2010-09-29

32

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

...Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Solicitation on...

2014-07-01

33

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Solicitation on...

2013-07-01

34

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Solicitation on...

2011-07-01

35

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Solicitation on...

2010-07-01

36

75 FR 62439 - The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan...SUMMARY: This is a notice of the Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan...Business Development Act of 1999, and the Military Reservist and Veteran Small...

2010-10-08

37

32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Solicitation on...

2012-07-01

38

[Military postgraduate courses at the Military Medical Academy: history, current state and prospects].  

PubMed

Training of scientific and scientific-pedagogical staff is one of the most important tasks of any high school. The problem of staff training arose in the Kirov Military Medical (Medical Surgical) Academy before its official foundation. In 1741 first scholars were sent abroad for the preparation of theses. The scholars were supposed to return to the hospital schools for teaching activity. Since 1802 scholars have defended their theses in the Academy. In 1858 special medical institute, the prototype of the Institute for postgraduate military studies was established. Many outstanding scientists studied in the Academy and brought name of the Academy into repute. At the present time, the Institute of postgraduate military studies (postgraduate) of the Kirov Military Medical Academy continues to train scientific staff. The Institute of postgraduate military studies remains one of the most successful institutes in Russia. PMID:24738282

Kotiv, B N; Ivchenko, E V; Zubenko, A I; Ovchinnikov, D V

2013-12-01

39

Cross-cultural communication capabilities of U.S. military trainers: host nation perspective.  

PubMed

A survey was conducted to assess trainee perception of the cross-cultural communication competency of U.S. military trainers and their satisfaction with the training they received. Findings from the survey show that U.S. military trainers rely significantly on local interpreters. This indicates variability in the ability of the trainers to communicate effectively with host nation partners, the variability being dependent on the capabilities of the individual interpreter. The findings illustrate the importance of providing military health personnel with training on how to work effectively with interpreters. The use of supplementary resources such as electronic translation devises when the interpreter is not capable of conveying health-related training information with the desired level of accuracy is recommended. Expanding the availability of general cultural training, which provides baseline information on local values, traditions, and customs in addition to health-specific cultural orientation, is also recommended to help military health trainers customize their training content and methods to fit the local environment. PMID:23756069

Mahmood, Maysaa; Alameri, Ali; Jawad, Shakir; Alani, Yasir; Zuerlein, Scott; Nakano, Gregg; Anderson, Warner; Beadling, Charles

2013-06-01

40

Effects of selenium and light wavelengths on liquid culture of Cordyceps militaris Link.  

PubMed

To investigate the effects of selenium and light wavelengths on the growth of liquid-cultured Cordyceps militaris and the main active components' accumulation, culture conditions as selenium selenite concentrations and light of different wavelengths were studied. The results are: adenosine accumulation proved to be significantly selenium dependent (R(2) = 0.9403) and cordycepin contents were determined to be not significantly selenium dependent (R(2) = 0.3845) but significantly enhanced by selenium except for 20 ppm; there were significant differences in cordycepin contents, adenosine contents, and mycelium growth caused by light wavelengths: cordycepin, blue light > pink light > daylight, darkness, red light; adenosine, red light > pink light, darkness, daylight, blue light; and mycelium growth, red light > pink light, darkness, daylight > blue light. In conclusion, light wavelength had a significant influence on production of mycelia, adenosine, and cordycepin, so lightening wavelength should be changed according to target products in the liquid culture of C. militaris. PMID:22434354

Dong, J Z; Liu, M R; Lei, C; Zheng, X J; Wang, Y

2012-04-01

41

Effects of culture conditions on the mycelial growth and bioactive metabolite production in submerged culture of Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of initial pH value, various nitrogen sources, plant oils, and modes of propagation (shake-flask and static culture) on the production of biomass, exopolysaccharide (EPS), adenosine and, in particular, cordycepin, by Cordyceps militaris CCRC 32219 were investigated. Optimal conditions for mycelial growth, EPS and cordycepin production were observed at relatively low pH. Amongst organic sources, yeast extract (YE) was

Ing-Lung Shih; Kun-Lin Tsai; Chienyan Hsieh

2007-01-01

42

Structural characterization and antioxidant activity of a polysaccharide from the fruiting bodies of cultured Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The water-soluble crude polysaccharides were obtained from the fruiting bodies of cultured Cordyceps militaris by hot water extraction followed by ethanol precipitation. The polysaccharides were successively purified by chromatography on DEAE–cellulose-52 and Sephacryl S-100 HR columns, giving main three polysaccharide fractions termed P50-1, P70-1, and P70-2. Structural features of P70-1 were investigated by a combination of chemical and instrumental analysis,

Rongmin Yu; Wei Yang; Liyan Song; Chunyan Yan; Zhang Zhang; Yu Zhao

2007-01-01

43

Isolation and biological properties of polysaccharide CPS1 from cultured Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

A polysaccharide from the water extract of cultured Cordyceps militaris was isolated through ethanol precipitation, deproteination and gel-filtration chromatography. Their molecular weight was determined using gel-filtration chromatography. The structure of polysaccharide CPS-1 was elucidated by sugar analysis, Smith degradation, IR and 13C–NMR spectroscopy. CPS-1 was shown to possess a significant antiinflammatory activity and suppressed the humoral immunity in mice but

Rongmin Yu; Liyan Song; Yu Zhao; Wen Bin; Lei Wang; Hui Zhang; Yihang Wu; Wencai Ye; Xinsheng Yao

2004-01-01

44

Enhanced production of cordycepin by surface culture using the medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The methods for increasing the production of cordycepin (3?-deoxyadenosine), which is a kind of nucleoside analogue, were investigated by a surface culture of Cordyceps militaris NBRC 9787 using liquid medium. As a result of adding various compounds such as purine biosynthesis-related compounds, coenzymes and surfactant to the basal medium for the purpose of enhancing the cordycepin production, glycine, l-aspartic acid,

Mina Masuda; Eriko Urabe; Hiromitsu Honda; Akihiko Sakurai; Mikio Sakakibara

2007-01-01

45

Current state of OLED technology relative to military avionics requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper will review optical and environmental performance thresholds required for OLED technology to be used on various military platforms. Life study results will be summarized to highlight trends while identifying remaining performance gaps to make this technology viable for future military avionics platforms.

Tchon, Joseph L.; Barnidge, Tracy J.; Hufnagel, Bruce D.; Bahadur, Birendra

2014-06-01

46

CIVIL-MILITARY GAP AND MILITARY EFFECTIVENESS: THE IMPACT OF IDEOLOGY AND MILITARY EXPERIENCE GAP ON DEFENSE SPENDING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1952-2000  

E-print Network

Previous studies of civil-military gap have argued that the difference in values, perspectives, and opinions between civilians and the military matters because it determines military effectiveness, but empirical analyses of the relationship have...

Lee, Byeonggu

2010-01-01

47

Climate change and the military in China, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

National security agencies of four major powers—the United States, Russia, China, and the United Kingdom—see their militaries taking on additional roles in domestic disaster relief because of the effects of global climate change. Otherwise, national security actors show drastically different responses to climate change. The US and Russian militaries are planning for a thawing of the Arctic; but outside the

Michael Brzoska

2012-01-01

48

Human Emotional State and its Relevance for Military VR Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Combat environments by their nature can produce a dramatic range of emotional responses in military personnel. When immersed in the emotional 'fog of war', the potential exists for optimal human decision-making and performance of goal-directed activities ...

A. Rizzo, J. Pair, J. Williams, J. F. Morie, J. G. Buckwalter

2005-01-01

49

forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

THECENTER CEMML TPS 01-8 forEnvironmentalManagementofMilitaryLands CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1500 April 2001 Edited. Zeidler, Ph.D. Associate Director for Cultural Resources Center for Environmental Management of Military

50

Medicinal uses of the mushroom Cordyceps militaris: current state and prospects.  

PubMed

Cordyceps militaris is a potential harbour of bio-metabolites for herbal drugs and evidences are available about its applications for revitalization of various systems of the body from ancient times. Amongst all the species, C. militaris is considered as the oldest source of some useful chemical constituents. Besides their popular applications for tonic medicine by the all stairs of the community, the constituents of C. militaris are now used extensively in modern systems of medicine. The current survey records the mysterious potentials of C. militaris are boosting up the present herbal treatments, as well as gearing up the green pharmacy revolution, in order to create a friendly environment with reasonable safety. Evidence showed that the active principles of C. militaris are beneficial to act as pro-sexual, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant/anti-aging, anti-tumour/anti-cancer/anti-leukemic, anti-proliferative, anti-metastatic, immunomodulatory, anti-microbial, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-fungal, anti-protozoal, insecticidal, larvicidal, anti-fibrotic, steroidogenic, hypoglacaemic, hypolipidaemic, anti-angiogenetic, anti-diabetic, anti-HIV, anti-malarial, anti-fatigue, neuroprotective, liver-protective, reno-protective as well as pneumo-protective, let alone their other synergistic activities, which let it be marketable in the western countries as over-the-counter medicine. A number of culture techniques for this mushroom have been noticed, for example, storage/stock culture, pre-culture, popular/indigenous culture (spawn culture, husked rice culture and saw dust culture) and, special/laboratory culture (shaking culture, submerged culture, surface liquid culture and continuous/repeated batch culture). The prospects for herbal biotechnology regarding drug discovery using C. militaris delivering what it has promised are high, as the technology is now extremely more powerful than before. This study chiefly highlights the medicinal uses of the mushroom C. militaris including its culture techniques, also aiming to draw sufficient attention of the researchers to the frontier research needs in this context. PMID:20650308

Das, Shonkor Kumar; Masuda, Mina; Sakurai, Akihiko; Sakakibara, Mikio

2010-12-01

51

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY MUSHROOM CULTURE COLLECTION  

E-print Network

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY MUSHROOM CULTURE COLLECTION March 4, 2014 Agaricus abruptibulbus/11/87 #12;The Pennsylvania State University Mushroom Culture Collection -- Page 2 Agaricus subfloccosus 781

Guiltinan, Mark

52

Current Status Of The United States Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research examines the status of the United States (U.S.) Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program within the context of the current ever-changing domestic and global security environment. Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) analysis w...

N. Jaafar, A. A. Malallah, M. A. Sharif

2004-01-01

53

No One Leaves Unchanged: Insights for Civilian Mental Health Care Professionals Into the Military Experience and Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to elucidate an understanding of military culture and experience, so as to better frame the services offered by civilian clinicians. Service members indoctrinated into such an influential culture can experience adjustment problems upon reentry into the larger society, and thus professional counselors and social workers must be ready to address the reintegration process with veteran clients. Furthermore,

Jose E. Coll; Eugenia L. Weiss; Jeffrey S. Yarvis

2011-01-01

54

United States military involvement and the armed forces in the Dominican Republic, 1916 to 1966  

E-print Network

UNITED STATES MILITARY INVOLVEMENT AND THE ARMED FORCES IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, 1916 TO 1966 A Thesis by LUIS AUGUSTO JIMENEZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1981 Major Subject: Sociology UNITED STATES MILITARY INVOLVEMENT AND THE ARMED FORCES IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, 1916 TO 1966 A Thesis by LUIS AUGUSTO JIMENEZ Approved as to style and content by: 17 )g (Chair...

Jimenez, Luis Augusto

2012-06-07

55

Degraded Modes and the `Culture of Coping' in Military Operations: An Analysis of a Fatal Incident On-Board HMS Tireless on 20/21 March 2007  

E-print Network

Engineering. Abstract In many military operations, weapons safety is compromised by 'degraded modes failures that complicate military life. In most cases, these ad hoc adaptations do not threaten safetyDegraded Modes and the `Culture of Coping' in Military Operations: An Analysis of a Fatal Incident

Johnson, Chris

56

Reflections on the United States military 1941-1987.  

PubMed

This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American Chemical Society and through her induction into the Hall of Fame at the US Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Massachusetts. As illustrated, along with Dr Elwyn Reese at Natick's Pioneering Research Laboratory, she headed a bioengineering group that is particularly remembered for developing a process for the enzymatic conversion of waste cellulosic biomass into soluble sugars that could be fermented to ethanol for an alternate liquid fuel (gasohol). This technology remains a subject of interest with growing environmental concerns and an oil shortage crisis.Mary broke the promotional glass ceiling in her own field, all the more remarkable from the perspective that she was born 3 years before women gained the right to vote. Her talents as the family storyteller, enthralling her four siblings while growing up, later reflected her abilities as an outstanding mentor to young scientists. Mary's passions went beyond her career with a love of nature and the outdoors, taking frequent canoe, hiking, skiing, and camping trips. She had a broad fascination for science, foci including her encyclopedic knowledge of plants and wildlife. When not outdoors Mary enjoyed listening to music, from opera to 'Bobby' Dylan, as she called him. Her voracious appetite for books was apparent by the tomes that covered her coffee table. She was never shy to share her political opinions and would send long handwritten letters to politicians who did something to her disapproval. She was strong willed and passionate in everything that she did. In particular was her love of the nation and of the US Army, and this particular article reflects her passion. Mary was an inspiration to all of those who knew her. For me, she was not only my grandmother but also my friend and role model. I will forever miss her wisdom, spirit and passion for life.Susan Roche. PMID:19723297

Mandels, Mary; Eveleigh, Douglas E

2009-01-01

57

Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987  

PubMed Central

This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American Chemical Society and through her induction into the Hall of Fame at the US Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Massachusetts. As illustrated, along with Dr Elwyn Reese at Natick's Pioneering Research Laboratory, she headed a bioengineering group that is particularly remembered for developing a process for the enzymatic conversion of waste cellulosic biomass into soluble sugars that could be fermented to ethanol for an alternate liquid fuel (gasohol). This technology remains a subject of interest with growing environmental concerns and an oil shortage crisis. Mary broke the promotional glass ceiling in her own field, all the more remarkable from the perspective that she was born 3 years before women gained the right to vote. Her talents as the family storyteller, enthralling her four siblings while growing up, later reflected her abilities as an outstanding mentor to young scientists. Mary's passions went beyond her career with a love of nature and the outdoors, taking frequent canoe, hiking, skiing, and camping trips. She had a broad fascination for science, foci including her encyclopedic knowledge of plants and wildlife. When not outdoors Mary enjoyed listening to music, from opera to 'Bobby' Dylan, as she called him. Her voracious appetite for books was apparent by the tomes that covered her coffee table. She was never shy to share her political opinions and would send long handwritten letters to politicians who did something to her disapproval. She was strong willed and passionate in everything that she did. In particular was her love of the nation and of the US Army, and this particular article reflects her passion. Mary was an inspiration to all of those who knew her. For me, she was not only my grandmother but also my friend and role model. I will forever miss her wisdom, spirit and passion for life. Susan Roche PMID:19723297

Mandels, Mary; Eveleigh, Douglas E

2009-01-01

58

Unemployment Effects of Military Spending: Evidence from a Panel of States  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use data on a panel of states over a 30 year sample to estimate the response of unemployment to military procurement spending. The state panel provides greater variation in both variables and permits us to examine whether responses to procurement spending shocks vary across states. Our main finding is that changes in procurement spending significantly affect unemployment in states

Mark Hooker; Michael Knetter

1994-01-01

59

Virtual reality as a tool for cross-cultural communication: an example from military team training  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major problem with communication across cultures, whether professional or national, is that simple language translation if often insufficient to communicate the concepts. This is especially true when the communicators come from highly specialized fields of knowledge or from national cultures with long histories of divergence. This problem becomes critical when the goal of the communication is national negotiation dealing with such high risk items as arms negotiation or trade wars. Virtual Reality technology has considerable potential for facilitating communication across cultures, by immersing the communicators within multiple visual representations of the concepts, and providing control over those representations. Military distributed team training provides a model for virtual reality suitable for cross cultural communication such as negotiation. In both team training and negotiation, the participants must cooperate, agree on a set of goals, and achieve mastery over the concepts being negotiated. Team training technologies suitable for supporting cross cultural negotiation exist (branch wargaming, computer image generation and visualization, distributed simulation), and have developed along different lines than traditional virtual reality technology. Team training de-emphasizes the realism of physiological interfaces between the human and the virtual reality, and emphasizes the interaction of humans with each other and with intelligent simulated agents within the virtual reality. This approach to virtual reality is suggested as being more fruitful for future work.

Downes-Martin, Stephen; Long, Mark; Alexander, Joanna R.

1992-06-01

60

Comparing tobacco use among incoming recruits and military personnel on active duty in the United States  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To compare the tobacco use profile of recruits with that of military personnel on active duty to determine whether the military environment in some way induces service members to initiate tobacco use.?DESIGN AND SETTING—Cross-sectional survey of United States armed forces active duty and recruit personnel in 1994-95.?SUBJECTS—2711 military recruits and 4603 military personnel on active duty.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Comparative cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco use prevalence between recruits and personnel on active duty controlling for age, sex, and race. Impact of demographic factors on the odds of smoking or using smokeless tobacco.?RESULTS—Increases in tobacco use in American military personnel occurred exclusively in men. The highest tobacco use resided with white men on active duty (43% cigarette smoking; 24% smokeless tobacco use) and represents a doubling of tobacco use seen among white male recruits. Among non-white men, tobacco use increased 2-4 times between recruits and personnel on active duty.?CONCLUSIONS—Efforts to reduce tobacco use by American military personnel on active duty should focus more on discouraging the initiation of tobacco use.???Keywords: tobacco use; military personnel; United States PMID:9825417

Chisick, M.; Poindexter, F.; York, A.

1998-01-01

61

Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

2010-01-01

62

European small states' military policies after the Cold War: from territorial to niche strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at the evolution of European small states' military policies after the Cold War. Traditionally, small states faced a security dilemma between favouring influence and guaranteeing sovereignty. These security options were embodied by the strategy of alliance and the policy of neutrality. This article argues that in today's unipolar world small states' security policy must be cooperative either

Jean-Marc Rickli

2008-01-01

63

Characterization of culturable heterotrophic bacteria in hydrocarbon-contaminated soil from an alpine former military site.  

PubMed

We characterized the culturable, heterotrophic bacterial community in soil collected from a former alpine military site contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. The physiologically active eubacterial community, as revealed by fluorescence-in situ-hybridization, accounted for 14.9 % of the total (DAPI-stained) bacterial community. 4.0 and 1.2 % of the DAPI-stained cells could be attributed to culturable, heterotrophic bacteria able to grow at 20 and 10 °C, respectively. The majority of culturable bacterial isolates (23/28 strains) belonged to the Proteobacteria with a predominance of Alphaproteobacteria. The remaining isolates were affiliated with the Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Five strains could be identified as representatives of novel species. Characterization of the 28 strains demonstrated their adaptation to the temperature and nutrient conditions prevailing in the studied soil. One-third of the strains was able to grow at subzero temperatures (-5 °C). Studies on the effect of temperature on growth and lipase production with two selected strains demonstrated their low-temperature adaptation. PMID:24402300

Zhang, Dechao; Margesin, Rosa

2014-06-01

64

Cultural and Ethical Considerations When Working With Military Personnel and Veterans: A Primer for VA Training Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of predoctoral psychology interns are completing their internship within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system. Individuals receiving mental health services in the VA constitute a distinct subculture with unique experiences reflected in their beliefs, norms, and language. Thus, interns need to increase their level of knowledge of military culture to effectively provide service to

Thad Q. Strom; Margaret E. Gavian; Elizabeth Possis; Jennifer Loughlin; Thao Bui; Eftihia Linardatos; Jennie Leskela; Wayne Siegel

2012-01-01

65

Impacts of Military Training on Military Lands:Impacts of Military Training on Military Lands: Available ResearchAvailable Research  

E-print Network

Impacts of Military Training on Military Lands:Impacts of Military Training on Military Lands literature, related to military lands, that was available through 31 December 2005. This included traditional included: the state, military base, biome, and size of military property. Introduction: The US Department

Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

66

Optimization of culture conditions and medium components for the production of mycelial biomass and exo-polysaccharides with Cordyceps militaris in liquid culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both crude exo-biopolymers and mycelial biomass, produced by liquid culture of Cordyceps species, are believed to possess several potential health benefits. As a result of its known biological activities, Cordyceps militaris has been extensively characterized in regards to potential medicinal applications. However, optimized liquid culture conditions\\u000a for enhanced polysaccharide productivity have yet to be developed, which is a necessary step

Jeong Seok Kwon; Jong Seok Lee; Won Cheol Shin; Keun Eok Lee; Eock Kee Hong

2009-01-01

67

Salinity-Induced Anti-Angiogenesis Activities and Structural Changes of the Polysaccharides from Cultured Cordyceps Militaris  

PubMed Central

Cordyceps is a rare and exotic mushroom that grows out of the head of a mummified caterpillar. Many companies are cultivating Cordyceps to meet the increased demand for its medicinal applications. However, the structures and functions of polysaccharides, one of the pharmaceutical active ingredients in Cordyceps, are difficult to reproduce in vitro. We hypothesized that mimicking the salty environment inside caterpillar bodies might make the cultured fungus synthesize polysaccharides with similar structures and functions to that of wild Cordyceps. By adding either sodium sulfate or sodium chloride into growth media, we observed the salinity-induced anti-angiogenesis activities of the polysaccharides purified from the cultured C. Militaris. To correlate the activities with the polysaccharide structures, we performed the 13C-NMR analysis and observed profound structural changes including different proportions of ? and ? glycosidic bonds and appearances of uronic acid signals in the polysaccharides purified from the culture after the salts were added. By coupling the techniques of stable 34S-sulfate isotope labeling, aniline- and D5-aniline tagging, and stable isotope facilitated uronic acid-reduction with LC-MS analysis, our data revealed for the first time the existence of covalently linked sulfate and the presence of polygalacuronic acids in the polysaccharides purified from the salt added C. Militaris culture. Our data showed that culturing C. Militaris with added salts changed the biosynthetic scheme and resulted in novel polysaccharide structures and functions. These findings might be insightful in terms of how to make C. Militaris cultures to reach or to exceed the potency of wild Cordyceps in future. PMID:25203294

Zeng, Yangyang; Han, Zhangrun; Qiu, Peiju; Zhou, Zijing; Tang, Yang; Zhao, Yue; Zheng, Sha; Xu, Chenchen; Zhang, Xiuli; Yin, Pinghe; Jiang, Xiaolu; Lu, Hong; Yu, Guangli; Zhang, Lijuan

2014-01-01

68

Salinity-induced anti-angiogenesis activities and structural changes of the polysaccharides from cultured Cordyceps Militaris.  

PubMed

Cordyceps is a rare and exotic mushroom that grows out of the head of a mummified caterpillar. Many companies are cultivating Cordyceps to meet the increased demand for its medicinal applications. However, the structures and functions of polysaccharides, one of the pharmaceutical active ingredients in Cordyceps, are difficult to reproduce in vitro. We hypothesized that mimicking the salty environment inside caterpillar bodies might make the cultured fungus synthesize polysaccharides with similar structures and functions to that of wild Cordyceps. By adding either sodium sulfate or sodium chloride into growth media, we observed the salinity-induced anti-angiogenesis activities of the polysaccharides purified from the cultured C. Militaris. To correlate the activities with the polysaccharide structures, we performed the (13)C-NMR analysis and observed profound structural changes including different proportions of ? and ? glycosidic bonds and appearances of uronic acid signals in the polysaccharides purified from the culture after the salts were added. By coupling the techniques of stable (34)S-sulfate isotope labeling, aniline- and D5-aniline tagging, and stable isotope facilitated uronic acid-reduction with LC-MS analysis, our data revealed for the first time the existence of covalently linked sulfate and the presence of polygalacuronic acids in the polysaccharides purified from the salt added C. Militaris culture. Our data showed that culturing C. Militaris with added salts changed the biosynthetic scheme and resulted in novel polysaccharide structures and functions. These findings might be insightful in terms of how to make C. Militaris cultures to reach or to exceed the potency of wild Cordyceps in future. PMID:25203294

Zeng, Yangyang; Han, Zhangrun; Qiu, Peiju; Zhou, Zijing; Tang, Yang; Zhao, Yue; Zheng, Sha; Xu, Chenchen; Zhang, Xiuli; Yin, Pinghe; Jiang, Xiaolu; Lu, Hong; Yu, Guangli; Zhang, Lijuan

2014-01-01

69

Anatomy of an airlift: United States military assistance to Israel during the 1973 war  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1973 war the United States flew 12,000 tons of military equipment to Israel, transferring advanced weaponry that it had hitherto withheld. In fact, Nixon and Kissinger had planned to strictly regulate the supply of arms to Israel, intending both to control its strategy during the fighting and heighten its dependence following the war. Yet the exigency of matching

Zach Levey

2008-01-01

70

Korean Higher Education under the United States Military Government: 1945-1948  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine Korean higher education under the United States Military Government (1945-1948). In order to review this study, the author uses a descriptive analysis methodology. In addition, to research the study systematically, this paper first of all outlines the historic and political context of post-World War II in…

Lee, Jeong-Kyu

2006-01-01

71

26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. 301.7701-8 Section...Definitions § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The...

2010-04-01

72

26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. 301.7701-8 Section...Definitions § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The...

2011-04-01

73

The intersection of a military culture and indigenous peoples in conservation issues  

PubMed Central

Military operations impose various positive and negative consequences on the environment. Three case studies are presented illuminating how local indigenous peoples as stakeholders may be vulnerable to being disenfranchised from important discussions concerning military activities. The study of ecological issues associated with sustaining a military footprint may be particularly useful for informing the global debate that pits strict conservation against human well-being. PMID:24567778

Marler, Thomas E

2013-01-01

74

CENTER FOR ECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS Colorado State University  

E-print Network

Collins, CO Robert Burgan USDA Forest Service (Retired) Intermountain Fire Science Lab, Missoula, MT Ecology Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO Philip N. Omi Professor of Fire Science Colorado State Robert Burgan Francis Fujioka Richard D. Laven Philip N. Omi Analysis of Fire Management Concerns

75

Structural analysis and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides from cultured Cordyceps militaris.  

PubMed

The polysaccharides extracted by hot water and precipitated by 50% ethanol from the fruiting bodies of cultured Cordyceps militaris (W-CBP50) were introduced. Antioxidant activities of W-CBP50, W-CBP50 I (obtained from W-CBP50 purified by Sephadex G-100 chromatography) and W-CBP50 II (obtained from W-CBP50I purified by Sephadex G-200 chromatography) were evaluated and structural features of W-CBP50 II were analyzed. The polysaccharide W-CBP50 II was able to scavenge the stable free radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhyrazyl (DPPH), while W-CBP50 and W-CBP50I could scavenge DPPH, hydroxyl and superoxide radical. Structural characteristics of W-CBP50 II were investigated using GPC, GC-MS, (1)H NMR and IR. The results showed that it was mainly composed of ?-glucose, ?-mannose, ?-galactose and ?-arabinose with ?-type glycosidic linkage and the molecular weight of its main component was 8.97 kD. PMID:23537797

Chen, Xiaoli; Wu, Guanghong; Huang, Zhuolie

2013-07-01

76

Elucidation and biological activities of a new polysaccharide from cultured Cordyceps militaris.  

PubMed

A novel low-molecular-weight polysaccharide (CMP-1) with antioxidant, immunostimulatory and antitumor activities was isolated from the cultured Cordyceps militaris. The structure of CMP-1 was elucidated by a combination of physicochemical and instrumental analyses, and its average molecular weight was 4.3 kDa. The backbone of CMP-1 was composed of (1 ? 4)-linked ?-D-glucopyranosyl, (1 ? 6)-linked ?-D-glucopyranosyl and (1 ? 4)-linked ?-D-glucopyranosyl residues which branched at O-6. The branches consisted of (1 ? 3)-linked ?-L-rhamnopyranosyl terminated with (1 ? )-linked ?-D-glucopyranosyl residues. The ultrastructure of CMP-1 was further investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The antioxidant assays showed that CMP-1 exhibited free radical-scavenging effects, ferrous ions-chelating ability and reducing power. In vitro test revealed that CMP-1 could significantly stimulate the mouse splenocyte proliferation. The cytotoxicity assay showed that CMP-1 inhibited the proliferation of HT-29, HeLa, HepG2 and K562 cells, with the IC50 values of 137.66, 162.59, 176.29 and 364.01 ?g/mL, respectively. PMID:24507284

Jing, Yongshuai; Cui, Xinlu; Chen, Zhiyan; Huang, Lijiao; Song, Liyan; Liu, Ting; Lv, Wenjie; Yu, Rongmin

2014-02-15

77

32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...direct the installation law enforcement officer to pursue reciprocity with state or host...written or other official law enforcement communication...Agreement (SOFA), the law of the host nation...agreement concerning reciprocity may be permitted...

2012-07-01

78

32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...direct the installation law enforcement officer to pursue reciprocity with state or host...written or other official law enforcement communication...Agreement (SOFA), the law of the host nation...agreement concerning reciprocity may be permitted...

2010-07-01

79

32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...direct the installation law enforcement officer to pursue reciprocity with state or host...written or other official law enforcement communication...Agreement (SOFA), the law of the host nation...agreement concerning reciprocity may be permitted...

2011-07-01

80

32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...direct the installation law enforcement officer to pursue reciprocity with state or host...written or other official law enforcement communication...Agreement (SOFA), the law of the host nation...agreement concerning reciprocity may be permitted...

2013-07-01

81

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME I. THE MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS INDUSTRY  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOCO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

82

Effects of culture conditions on mycelium biomass and intracellular cordycepin production of Cordyceps militaris in natural medium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of culture conditions on the growth of mycelium and the production of intracellular cordycepin ofCordyceps militaris were investigated in this study. The natural medium which is a mixture of 53% brown rice paste, 6% beerwort and 42% soybean\\u000a meal juice was used for the fermentation in shaking flasks. Fermentation temperature, pH and medium capacity, which had been\\u000a proved to

Chunyan Xie; Gaixia Liu; Zhenxin Gu; Gongjian Fan; Lei Zhang; Yingjuan Gu

2009-01-01

83

Weapon carrying, physical fighting and gang membership among youth in washington state military families.  

PubMed

To examine associations between parental military service and school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership among youth. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades of public schools (n = 9,987). Parental military service was categorized as none (reference group), without combat zone deployment, or deployed to a combat zone. Multivariable logistic regression was used to test associations between parental military service and three outcomes: school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership. Standard errors were adjusted for the complex survey design. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting gang membership (OR = 1.8) among girls, and higher odds of physical fighting (OR = 1.6), and gang membership (OR = 1.9) among boys. In 10th/12th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting physical fighting (OR = 2.0) and gang membership (OR = 2.2) among girls, and physical fighting (OR = 2.0), carrying a weapon (OR = 2.3) among boys. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of reporting engagement in school-based physical fighting, school-based weapon carrying, and gang membership, particularly among older youth. Military, school, and public health professionals have a unique, collaborative opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to prevent violence-related behaviors among youth and, ultimately, improve the health and safety of youth in military families. Ideally, such programs would target families and youth before they enter eighth grade. PMID:24463984

Reed, Sarah C; Bell, Janice F; Edwards, Todd C

2014-10-01

84

The United States, Western Europe and military intervention overseas  

SciTech Connect

This book covers the following topics. The United States, Britain and out of area problems, The NATO allies and the Persian Gulf, France, NATO and regional conflict in Africa, Southern Africa and the west in the post Nkometi period; The case of Mozambique.

Coker, C. (London School of Economics (GB))

1988-01-01

85

Assessing Climate Change Impacts for Military Installations in the Southwest United States During the Warm Season  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Arid and semi-arid regions are experiencing some of the most adverse impacts of climate change with increased heat waves, droughts, and extreme weather. These events will likely exacerbate socioeconomic and political instabilities in regions where the United States has vital strategic interests and ongoing military operations. The Southwest U.S. is strategically important in that it houses some of the most spatially expansive and important military installations in the country. The majority of severe weather events in the Southwest occur in association with the North American monsoon system (NAMS), and current observational record has shown a 'wet gets wetter and dry gets drier' global monsoon precipitation trend. We seek to evaluate the warm season extreme weather projection in the Southwest U.S., and how the extremes can affect Department of Defense (DoD) military facilities in that region. A baseline methodology is being developed to select extreme warm season weather events based on historical sounding data and moisture surge observations from Gulf of California. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)-type high resolution simulations will be performed for the extreme events identified from Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model simulations initiated from IPCC GCM and NCAR Reanalysis data in both climate control and climate change periods. The magnitude in extreme event changes will be analyzed, and the synoptic forcing patterns of the future severe thunderstorms will provide a guide line to assess if the military installations in the Southwest will become more or less susceptible to severe weather in the future.

Castro, C.

2013-05-01

86

Demographic study of military selection in the state of Ohio, 1917-1919  

E-print Network

registration or military selection. Chapter III examines the numerical significance of resident aliens in the military population. Chapter IV examines the influence of social class on conscription: determining whether persons of wealth avoided military...

Saberian, Michael Reza

2006-04-12

87

Catalog of the Orientalia Collection of the U.S. Military Academy Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography of the holdings of the United States Military Academy Library's Orientalia Collection as of January 1977 lists books and periodicals written mostly in Chinese, with a few words in Japanese and English. The major subjects include general and military history, history of military art and science, biography, culture, geography,…

Lee, Pingkun; Kao, Angela H.H.

88

Civil Society versus Military SovereigntyCultural, Political, and Operational Aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

From its inception and throughout the military sovereignty era, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) were endowed with a religious status. In Israeli society, bereaved parents of fallen soldiers enjoyed a special relationship with the army, and their bereavement afforded them a unique place in the shaping of public opinion about security policy. However, as this paper shows, after the first

Udi Lebel

2007-01-01

89

Comparison of the structural characterization and biological activity of acidic polysaccharides from Cordyceps militaris cultured with different media.  

PubMed

Two acidic polysaccharide fractions, CM-jd-CPS2 and CM-jd(Y)-CPS2, were isolated from the fruiting bodies of cultured Cordyceps militaris grown on solid rice medium and silkworm pupa, respectively, by hot-water extraction, ethanol precipitation and fractionation using ion-exchange column (DEAE-cellulose-52) and gel-filtration column (Sephadex G-100) chromatography. Their structural characterizations were performed by gas chromatography and fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Some differences existed between their structures, which indicated that culture media could influence the structure of polysaccharides of C. militaris. The antioxidant activities of CM-jd-CPS2 and CM-jd(Y)-CPS2 were evaluated by various methods in vitro. They had strong 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging activity and ferrous ion-chelating capacity, but moderate reducing power. The antioxidant activities of CM-jd(Y)-CPS2 were slightly higher than those of CM-jd-CPS2. These two acidic fractions were evaluated for proliferation of mouse splenocyte activity in vitro. They both possessed does-dependent mitogenic effects on mouse splenocytes, and could synergistically promote murine T- and B-lymphocytes induced by Con A and LPS. CM-jd(Y)-CPS2 exhibited stronger stimulatory activities upon immunomodulation than CM-jd-CPS2. These results are beneficial for the interpretation of the connection between polysaccharide structures and their biological activities. PMID:22806024

Wu, Fengyao; Yan, Hui; Ma, Xiaoning; Jia, Junqiang; Zhang, Guozheng; Guo, Xijie; Gui, Zhongzheng

2012-05-01

90

Cigarette Prices in Military Retail: A Review and Proposal for Advancing Military Health Policy  

PubMed Central

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States (US) and has been demonstrated to significantly harm the combat readiness of military personnel. Unfortunately, recent research demonstrated that cigarettes are sold at substantial discounts in military retail outlets. In fact, the military is the only retailer which consistently loses money on tobacco. Cheap tobacco prices have been identified by enlisted personnel and Department of Defense health policy experts as promoting a culture of tobacco use in the US Military. This paper provides an analysis of why current military tobacco pricing policy has failed to eliminate cheap tobacco prices as an incentive for use. A rationale for increasing tobacco prices also is presented along with recommendations for improved military tobacco control policy. PMID:23756017

Haddock, Christopher K.; Jahnke, Sara A.; Poston, Walker S.C.; Williams, Larry N.

2013-01-01

91

State Policymakers: Supporting Military Families with Children. Policy Briefing Series. Issue 15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing work and family responsibilities is particularly difficult for military families with children. While military life has always been demanding, in recent years an increasing number of military personnel in both the Active Duty Force and Selected Reserves have had to confront the additional demands of parenthood. Providing resources to…

Brown, Melissa; Lettieri, Chelsea

2008-01-01

92

Challenges Faced by Military Families: Perceptions of United States Marine Corps School Liaisons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The global war on terror has placed a number of stressful demands on service members and their families. Although the military offers a wide range of services and supports to military families, not all families are willing or able to use them. For example, geographically dispersed families can find it challenging to connect with military support…

Aronson, Keith R.; Perkins, Daniel F.

2013-01-01

93

[The cradle of military medicine].  

PubMed

The Kirov Military Medical Academy, included into the State Code of Particularly Valuable Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of the Russian Federation, plays an important role in national military-medical science and education during XVIII and XIX centuries. Today the Kirov Military Medical Academy consists of 7 faculties, 63 departments (52 military departments and 11 civil departments), 31 clinics (17 surgical clinics and 14 therapeutic clinics), center of extracorporeal detoxification, 3 departments, taking part in treatment and diagnostic process, 11 clinical subdivisions, research center consisting of 4 research subdivisions and 2 laboratories, and also 14 research laboratories, 32 supply subdivisions and publications department. Glorious staff and graduates of the Academy took part in all russian wars. All famous medical schools were founded in the Academy in XIX-XX centuries. At the present time the Kirov Military Medical Academy is the main military medical university, leading research center and treatment facility of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. PMID:24738275

Tsygan, V N

2013-12-01

94

Suicidal Ideation and Mental Distress Among Adults With Military Service History: Results From 5 US States, 2010  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress in a probability-based sample of adults. Methods. We gathered 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 5 states that asked about past-year suicidal ideation. Military service was defined as current or former active-duty service or National Guard or Reserves service. We stratified analyses into 18 to 39 years, 40 to 64 years, and 65 years and older age groups and used multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographic confounders, to discern the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. Results. Among the 26?736 respondents, 13.1% indicated military service history. After adjusting for several confounders, we found military history status among those aged 40 to 64 years was associated with both past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. We found no significant associations among the younger or older age groups. Conclusions. Differences in suicidal ideation between military and nonmilitary individuals may occur in midlife. Future research should examine the possibility of cohort effects, service era effects, or both. PMID:25100426

Gordon, Adam J.; Bossarte, Robert M.

2014-01-01

95

Measuring Sense of Community in the Military: Cross-Cultural Evidence for the Validity of the Brief Sense of Community Scale and Its Underlying Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present a German Sense of Community (SOC) Scale for use in military settings. The scale is based on the translation and field-testing of an existing U.S.-based measure of neighborhood SOC (Peterson, Speer, & McMillan, 2008). The methodological intricacies underlying cross-cultural scale development are highlighted, as…

Wombacher, Jorg; Tagg, Stephen K.; Burgi, Thomas; MacBryde, Jillian

2010-01-01

96

Under North Carolina General Statutes specified members of the United States armed forces and their military dependents may be eligible for a tuition rate less than that charged the out-of-state student. For an individual in the military, he or she  

E-print Network

and their military dependents may be eligible for a tuition rate less than that charged the out-of-state student. For an individual in the military, he or she must be on active duty with a permanent duty station in North Carolina (i.e., has "Permanent Change of Station" orders placing him or her in North Carolina). The military

Thaxton, Christopher S.

97

Hematological Parameters and Lipid Profiles Observed in Cadets at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the Spring of 1979, a study was conducted to obtain information on the hematological parameters and lipid profiles of a group of cadets at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York. The group studies consisted of 72 female cadets and 160...

H. E. Sauberlich, J. H. Skala, H. L. Johnson, R. A. Nelson

1982-01-01

98

"The Second American School of Arms": the Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851  

E-print Network

Coffey (VMI History Department), MAJ Adam Volant, MAJ Carol Green (VMI Alumni Association). Thanks to Dr. Robert Wettemann (McMurry State University) for instigating and inspiring my research and to all of my colleagues for their commiseration... Coffey (VMI History Department), MAJ Adam Volant, MAJ Carol Green (VMI Alumni Association). Thanks to Dr. Robert Wettemann (McMurry State University) for instigating and inspiring my research and to all of my colleagues for their commiseration...

Wineman, Bradford Alexander

2012-06-07

99

Optimization of large-scale culture conditions for the production of cordycepin with Cordyceps militaris by liquid static culture.  

PubMed

Cordycepin is one of the most important bioactive compounds produced by species of Cordyceps sensu lato, but it is hard to produce large amounts of this substance in industrial production. In this work, single factor design, Plackett-Burman design, and central composite design were employed to establish the key factors and identify optimal culture conditions which improved cordycepin production. Using these culture conditions, a maximum production of cordycepin was 2008.48?mg/L for 700?mL working volume in the 1000?mL glass jars and total content of cordycepin reached 1405.94?mg/bottle. This method provides an effective way for increasing the cordycepin production at a large scale. The strategies used in this study could have a wide application in other fermentation processes. PMID:25054182

Kang, Chao; Wen, Ting-Chi; Kang, Ji-Chuan; Meng, Ze-Bing; Li, Guang-Rong; Hyde, Kevin D

2014-01-01

100

Randlesome Brierley W 1993 Business Culture Europe 2nd edn Oxford Boston cited Halsall R 2008 ?Business Culture? ?Brand State?: Conceptions Nation Culture Business Literature Cultural Difference  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Search instead for Randlesome Brierley W 1993 Business Culture Europe 2nd edn Oxford Boston cited Halsall R 2008 ?Business Culture? ?Brand State?: Conceptions Nation Culture Business Literature Cultural Difference ?

101

The Political, Cultural, and Military Re-Awakening of the Kurdish Nationalist Movement in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to shed light on the modern history of the Kurds in Iran, with particular reference made to the main Kurdish political and social movements of the 20th century following World War I and the establishment of an Iranian nation-state. The modernization and centralization of the new state deprived the non-Persian ethnic groups, including the Kurds, of democratically

Hashem Ahmadzadeh; Gareth Stansfield

2010-01-01

102

Emergence of solid state helmet-mounted displays in military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Helmet Mounted Displays (HMDs) are used to provide pilots with out-the-window capabilities for engaging tactical threats. The first modern system to be employed was the Apache Integrated Helmet Display Sighting System (IHADSS). Using an optical tracker and multiple sensors, the pilot is able to navigate and engage the enemy with his weapons systems cued by the HMD in day and night conditions. Over the next several years HMDs were tested on tactical jet aircraft. The tactical fighter environment - high G maneuvering and the possibility of ejection - created several problems regarding integration and head-borne weight. However, these problems were soon solved by American, British, Israeli, and Russian companies and are employed or in the process of employment aboard the respective countries' tactical aircraft. It is noteworthy that the current configuration employs both the Heads-Up Display (HUD) as well as the HMD. The new Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), however, will become the first tactical jet to employ only a HMD. HMDs have increasingly become part of the avionics and weapons systems of new aircraft and helicopter platforms. Their use however, is migrating to other military applications. They are currently under evaluation on Combat Vehicle platforms for driving tasks to target acquisition and designation tasks under near-all weather, 24-hour conditions. Their use also has penetrated the individual application such as providing data and situational awareness to the individual soldier; the U.S. Army's Land Warrior Program is an example of this technology being applied. Current HMD systems are CRT-based and have many short-comings, including weight, reliability. The emergence of new microelectronics and solid state image sources - Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) - however, has expanded the application of vision devices across all facets of military applications. Some of the greatest contributions are derived from the following Enabling Technologies, and it is upon those technologies and their applications to HMDs that this paper will address: ¸ Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Displays; improved response times, compensation films ¸ Sub-micron electronics ¸ Backlight Technology to address brightness issues across the spectrum of operations ¸ Distortion Correction to compensate for optical aberrations in near-real time.

Casey, Curtis J.

2002-08-01

103

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME II. WASTEWATER CHARACTERIZATION  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOGO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

104

STATE-OF-THE-ART: MILITARY EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS PRODUCTION INDUSTRY. VOLUME III. WASTEWATER TREATMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

This study has surveyed the military explosives and propellant manufacturing industry, covering both 'GOGO' and 'GOCO' facilities. Sources of wastewater, volumes, and pollutant constituents have been reported where such data existed. Treatment technology currently in use at the v...

105

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917  

E-print Network

American citizens. These military officers were influenced by a larger movement in American society during the First World War, as evidenced by Congress' passage of the Espionage and Sedition Acts and thriving vigilante organizations such as the American...

Strauss, Lon Jeffrey

2012-05-31

106

Menthol cigarette pricing at military and community retail outlets in the United States  

PubMed Central

Background Cigarette prices at military exchanges historically have been discounted. DoD Instruction 1330.9 has mandated that prices be within 5% of the price offered in the local community since 2001. Because minorities are highly represented in the military, we determined whether menthol cigarette prices, the leading choice of African Americans, were compliant with the instruction. Methods We collected, via telephone, menthol cigarette price data from 48 randomly selected US military installation exchanges and matched local area Walmarts. We collected prices after taxes to determine the cost to consumer. Newport was selected as the index brand for menthol cigarettes because it is the leading and second leading brand smoked by African Americans and by Hispanics, respectively and has the second overall highest market share in the US. Results Smokers purchasing menthols at exchanges would realize average savings of 22.78%. There were no significant differences in savings based on military service (F?=?1.850, p?=?0.152) or US Census Division (F?=?1.226, p?=?0.311: data not shown). In addition, not a single exchange price was compliant with the DoD instruction. Conclusions Newport menthol cigarettes at military exchanges cost substantially less than the nearest Walmart, with an average savings of 23%. Our findings demonstrate that menthol cigarettes are substantially discounted on military installations, in a manner similar to other cigarette prices, and that DoD Instruction 1330.09 is not enforced. PMID:22938755

2012-01-01

107

Operation: Military Kids Volunteer and Citizenship Opportunities  

E-print Network

Operation: Military Kids Volunteer and Citizenship Opportunities Operation: Military Kids Program Overview The New Hampshire Operation: Military Kids (OMK) program partners with the military and community organizations across the state to raise awareness of the impact the deployment cycle has on military kids

New Hampshire, University of

108

32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the...

2013-07-01

109

32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...  

... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the...

2014-07-01

110

32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the...

2010-07-01

111

32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the...

2012-07-01

112

32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO... Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the...

2011-07-01

113

afterdeployment.org: A Web-Based Multimedia Wellness Resource for the Postdeployment Military Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Practicing psychologists and other health professionals are facing a growing patient population of United States military service members with significant psychological and behavioral health concerns returning from war zones in Afghanistan and Iraq. Some of these issues are new and unfamiliar to many health providers. Furthermore, because of a military culture of self-reliance, strength, and the perceived stigma of seeking

Nigel E. Bush; Charles P. Bosmajian; Jonathan M. Fairall; Russell A. McCann; Robert P. Ciulla

2011-01-01

114

Understanding and preventing military suicide.  

PubMed

The continual rise in the U.S. military's suicide rate since 2004 is one of the most vexing issues currently facing military leaders, mental health professionals, and suicide experts. Despite considerable efforts to address this problem, however, suicide rates have not decreased. The authors consider possible reasons for this frustrating reality, and question common assumptions and approaches to military suicide prevention. They further argue that suicide prevention efforts that more explicitly embrace the military culture and implement evidence-based strategies across the full spectrum of prevention and treatment could improve success. Several recommendations for augmenting current efforts to prevent military suicide are proposed. PMID:22551041

Bryan, Craig J; Jennings, Keith W; Jobes, David A; Bradley, John C

2012-01-01

115

Military Exposures  

MedlinePLUS

... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Military Exposures Veterans may have been exposed to a range of chemical, physical, and environmental hazards during military service. PTSD in OEF/OIF Veterans The New ...

116

Civil-Military Relations in "Islamic Democracies": Military Intervention & Withdrawal in Algeria, Pakistan, & Turkey .  

E-print Network

??CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS IN "ISLAMIC DEMOCRACIES": MILITARY INTERVENTION & WITHDRAWAL IN ALGERIA, PAKISTAN, & TURKEY Abstract by Paul Ernest Lenze, Jr., Ph.D. Washington State University May… (more)

Lenze, Jr, Paul Ernest

2011-01-01

117

Staphylococcus aureus colonization of healthy military service members in the United States and Afghanistan  

PubMed Central

Background Staphylococcus aureus [methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible (MRSA/MSSA)] is a leading cause of infections in military personnel, but there are limited data regarding baseline colonization of individuals while deployed. We conducted a pilot study to screen non-deployed and deployed healthy military service members for MRSA/MSSA colonization at various anatomic sites and assessed isolates for molecular differences. Methods Colonization point-prevalence of 101 military personnel in the US and 100 in Afghanistan was determined by swabbing 7 anatomic sites. US-based individuals had received no antibiotics within 30 days, and Afghanistan-deployed personnel were taking doxycycline for malaria prophylaxis. Isolates underwent identification and testing for antimicrobial resistance, virulence factors, and pulsed-field type (PFT). Results 4 individuals in the US (4 isolates- 3 oropharynx, 1 perirectal) and 4 in Afghanistan (6 isolates- 2 oropharynx, 2 nare, 1 hand, 1 foot) were colonized with MRSA. Among US-based personnel, 3 had USA300 (1 PVL+) and 1 USA700. Among Afghanistan-based personnel, 1 had USA300 (PVL+), 1 USA800 and 2 USA1000. MSSA was present in 40 (71 isolates-25 oropharynx, 15 nare) of the US-based and 32 (65 isolates- 16 oropharynx, 24 nare) of the Afghanistan-based individuals. 56 (79%) US and 41(63%) Afghanistan-based individuals had MSSA isolates recovered from extra-nare sites. The most common MSSA PFTs were USA200 (9 isolates) in the US and USA800 (7 isolates) in Afghanistan. MRSA/MSSA isolates were susceptible to doxycycline in all but 3 personnel (1 US, 2 Afghanistan; all were MSSA isolates that carried tetM). Conclusion MRSA and MSSA colonization of military personnel was not associated with deployment status or doxycycline exposure. Higher S. aureus oropharynx colonization rates were observed and may warrant changes in decolonization practices. PMID:24060181

2013-01-01

118

Military Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress' Research Center of Military Legal Resources contains, among other publications, the Military Law Review. The Military Law Review has been published quarterly since 1958, and is meant to be used by military attorneys in their work and "'provides a forum for those interested in military law to share the products of their experience and research.'" Visitors should also note that most of the issues from 1958 to 2008 are available for general perusal. Each issue of the journal contains both articles and book reviews. An article in the Winter 2008 issue, entitled "Crossing the Line: Reconciling the Right to Picket Military Funerals With the First Amendment", is a very accessible article about the constitutionality of state and federal funeral picketing laws. Visitors interested in learning about the school that provides military legal education, and where the Military Law Review is published, should click on the link "The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia", in the first paragraph on the homepage

119

Dracula tourism in Romania Cultural identity and the state  

Microsoft Academic Search

The state plays an important role in tourism development, in planning and policymaking, and also as the arbiter of cultural meanings. States choose to encourage forms of tourism that are consistent with their cultural and political identities. But they may have to contend with forms of demand that are beyond their control. “Dracula tourism” in Romania is one example. Founded

Duncan Light

2007-01-01

120

Political culture, state elites and regional security in West Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the dominant patterns of political culture among West Africa's state elites in an attempt to understand what standards, beliefs and principles they cherish. We suggest that although there are significant differences across the region's states, the dominant political culture can be characterised as neopatrimonial, that is, systems based on personalised structures of authority where patron–client relationships operate

Ian Taylor; Paul D. Williams

2008-01-01

121

Evaluation of metal ions and surfactants effect on cell growth and exopolysaccharide production in two-stage submerged culture of Cordyceps militaris.  

PubMed

During the two-stage submerged fermentation of medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris, it was found that K(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), and Mn(2+) were favorable to the mycelial growth. The EPS production reached the highest levels in the media containing Mg(2+) and Mn(2+). However, Ca(2+) and K(+) almost failed to increase significantly exopolysaccharides (EPS) production. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) significantly enhanced EPS production compared with that of without adding SDS when SDS was added on static culture stage of two-stage cultivation process. The presence of Tween 80 in the medium not only simulated mycelial growth but also increased EPS production. By response surface methods (RSM), EPS production reached its peak value of 3.28 g/L under optimal combination of 27.6 mM Mg(2+), 11.1 mM Mn(2+), and 0.05 mM SDS, which was 3.76-fold compared with that of without metal ion and surfactant. The results obtained were useful in better understanding the regulation for efficient production of EPS of C. militaris in the two-stage submerged culture. PMID:22956301

Cui, Jian-Dong; Zhang, Ya-Nan

2012-11-01

122

United States military service members and their tattoos: a descriptive study.  

PubMed

To explore the characteristics of military service tattoos a descriptive study was conducted at Walter Reed Army Medical Center to collect information from a convenience sample. An investigator-developed questionnaire provided the data for this study. Over the ensuing 12 month-period the researchers collected 126 questionnaires. Typical respondents were enlisted men with at least one deployment to an area of combat operations. Among the respondents, 57% acquired their tattoos before their deployment. One-quarter of the respondents reported only one tattoo, leaving the majority with multiple tattoos. Men received their first tattoo at an earlier age than women. The most common tattoo listed a person's name. Respondents did not regret their tattoos and rarely acquired the body art under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Little evidence was found to support a connection between tattoos and deployment. Few regretted their decisions and most all approached the tattoo experience free of any mind-altering substance. All this seems to suggest that military tattoos are a well-accepted means of self-expression. PMID:23929056

Lande, R Gregory; Bahroo, Bhagwan A; Soumoff, Alyssa

2013-08-01

123

75 FR 9763 - Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 2120-AJ54 Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned...authorizations for renewals from U.S. military and civilian personnel (U.S. personnel...resulted in overseas assignments for both military and civilian personnel. Because of...

2010-03-04

124

Biofilms and persistent wound infections in United States military trauma patients: a case-control analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Complex traumatic injuries sustained by military personnel, particularly when involving extremities, often result in infectious complications and substantial morbidity. One factor that may further impair patient recovery is the persistence of infections. Surface-attached microbial communities, known as biofilms, may play a role in hindering the management of infections; however, clinical data associating biofilm formation with persistent or chronic infections are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the production of bacterial biofilms as a potential risk factor for persistent infections among wounded military personnel. Methods Bacterial isolates and clinical data from military personnel with deployment-related injuries were collected through the Trauma Infectious Disease Outcomes Study. The study population consisted of patients with diagnosed skin and soft-tissue infections. Cases (wounds with bacterial isolates of the same organism collected 14 days apart) were compared to controls (wounds with non-recurrent bacterial isolates), which were matched by organism and infectious disease syndrome. Potential risk factors for persistent infections, including biofilm formation, were examined in a univariate analysis. Data are expressed as odds ratios (OR; 95% confidence interval [CI]). Results On a per infected wound basis, 35 cases (representing 25 patients) and 69 controls (representing 60 patients) were identified. Eight patients with multiple wounds were utilized as both cases and controls. Overall, 235 bacterial isolates were tested for biofilm formation in the case–control analysis. Biofilm formation was significantly associated with infection persistence (OR: 29.49; CI: 6.24-infinity) in a univariate analysis. Multidrug resistance (OR: 5.62; CI: 1.02-56.92), packed red blood cell transfusion requirements within the first 24 hours (OR: 1.02; CI: 1.01-1.04), operating room visits prior to and on the date of infection diagnosis (OR: 2.05; CI: 1.09-4.28), anatomical location of infected wound (OR: 5.47; CI: 1.65-23.39), and occurrence of polymicrobial infections (OR: 69.71; CI: 15.39-infinity) were also significant risk factors for persistent infections. Conclusions We found that biofilm production by clinical strains is significantly associated with the persistence of wound infections. However, the statistical power of the analysis was limited due to the small sample size, precluding a multivariate analysis. Further data are needed to confirm biofilm formation as a risk factor for persistent wound infections. PMID:24712544

2014-01-01

125

Military psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a selected bibliography of psychological publications relevant to war and military endeavor prepared at the request of the Emergency Committee in Psychology appointed by the Division of Anthropology and Psychology of the National Research Council. There are 14 sections by 27 collaborators: army transport personnel, aviation, classification of military personnel, effects of certain drugs on mental and motor

C. C. Pratt

1941-01-01

126

The Barracks Subculture of Military School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The subcultures that develop among military students have a powerful influence on their values and behavior, and in some situations are more influential than the official, military culture. Any attempt to improve levels of discipline in the military cannot afford to ignore these subcultures. [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.

Poliakov, R. Iu.

2011-01-01

127

Persistence of serogroup C antibody responses following quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccination in United States military personnel.  

PubMed

Serogroup C meningococcal (MenC) disease accounts for one-third of all meningococcal cases and causes meningococcal outbreaks in the U.S. Quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine conjugated to diphtheria toxoid (MenACYWD) was recommended in 2005 for adolescents and high risk groups such as military recruits. We evaluated anti-MenC antibody persistence in U.S. military personnel vaccinated with either MenACYWD or meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4). Twelve hundred subjects vaccinated with MenACYWD from 2006 to 2008 or MPSV4 from 2002 to 2004 were randomly selected from the Defense Medical Surveillance System. Baseline serologic responses to MenC were assessed in all subjects; 100 subjects per vaccine group were tested during one of the following six post-vaccination time-points: 5-7, 11-13, 17-19, 23-25, 29-31, or 35-37 months. Anti-MenC geometric mean titers (GMT) were measured by rabbit complement serum bactericidal assay (rSBA) and geometric mean concentrations (GMC) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Continuous variables were compared using the Wilcoxon rank sum test and the proportion of subjects with an rSBA titer ? 8 by chi-square. Pre-vaccination rSBA GMT was <8 for the MenACWYD group. rSBA GMT increased to 703 at 5-7 months post-vaccination and decreased by 94% to 43 at 3 years post-vaccination. GMT was significantly lower in the MenACWYD group at 5-7 months post-vaccination compared to the MPSV4 group. The percentage of MenACWYD recipients achieving an rSBA titer of ? 8 decreased from 87% at 5-7 months to 54% at 3 years. There were no significant differences between vaccine groups in the proportion of subjects with a titer of ? 8 at any time-point. GMC for the MenACWYD group was 0.14 ?g/mL at baseline, 1.07 ?g/mL at 5-7 months, and 0.66 ?g/mL at 3 years, and significantly lower than the MPSV4 group at all time-points. Anti-MenC responses wane following vaccination with MenACYWD; a booster dose is needed to maintain protective levels of circulating antibody. PMID:24837781

Patel, Manisha; Romero-Steiner, Sandra; Broderick, Michael P; Thomas, Cynthia G; Plikaytis, Brian D; Schmidt, Daniel S; Johnson, Scott E; Milton, Andrea S; Carlone, George M; Clark, Thomas A; Messonnier, Nancy E; Cohn, Amanda C; Faix, Dennis J

2014-06-24

128

Attachment and Culture: Security in the United States and Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights evidence of cultural variations in child attachment, noting how western values and meanings permeate attachment theory. Comparisons of the United States and Japan emphasize the cultural relativity of three core hypotheses of attachment theory related to: caregiver sensitivity, child social competence, and a secure base for exploring the…

Rothman, Fred; Weisz, John; Pott, Martha; Morelli, Gilda; Miyake, Kazuo

2000-01-01

129

Democracy and Battlefield Military Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do democracies win the wars they fight? The authors explore this question by examining whether the armies of democratic states fight with higher military effectiveness on the battlefield, testing two general propositions: that the higher legitimacy of democratic states spurs superior individual soldiering and that democratic militaries are likely to have higher organizational efficacy. The authors test their propositions

Dan Reiter; Allan C. Stam

1998-01-01

130

For many of Argentina's Jews, especially those deeply affected by state terror of the military junta of 197684, the Holocaust resonates  

E-print Network

For many of Argentina's Jews, especially those deeply affected by state terror of the military is professor of religious studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His research focuses.m., Temple Israel 2324 Emerson Avenue S, Minneapolis; 612­377­8680 Co­sponsors: U of M Religious Studies

Blanchette, Robert A.

131

Bibliography of Women: A Survey of Women Past and Present as Reflected by the Holdings of the United States Military Academy Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication of this bibliography on "Women" is an appropriate event in that it closely follows the passage of the law which for the first time permits women to enter the United States Military Academy in its 173 year history. Over 500 titles are presently extant in the USMA Library collection on the subject of women, representing woman's role…

Earl, Martha M., Comp.

132

Use of the MBTI as a Predictor of Successful Academic and Military Performance at the United States Coast Guard Academy. Report 10-93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an analysis of a random sample of 100 cadets from the United States Coast Guard Academy class of 1993. Emphasis is placed on the cadets' academic achievements, their military performance, and their resignation status to determine whether the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) preferences can be used to predict success in these…

O'Connor, John C., III

133

20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21 Section 614...EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in...

2013-04-01

134

20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.  

...2014-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21 Section 614...EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in...

2014-04-01

135

78 FR 3325 - Appointing Authority for Military Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary 32 CFR Part 18 Appointing Authority for Military Commissions AGENCY: Department of Defense...18 concerning the Appointing Authority for Military Commissions. This rule pertains to a military function of the United States and is...

2013-01-16

136

78 FR 1256 - Guam Military Base Realignment Contractor Recruitment Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Employment and Training Administration Guam Military Base Realignment Contractor Recruitment...United States (U.S.) workers for Guam military base realignment projects funded through...2009) amended Section 2824(c) of the Military Construction Authorization Act...

2013-01-08

137

20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21 Section 614...EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in...

2010-04-01

138

20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21 Section 614...EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in...

2012-04-01

139

20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21 Section 614...EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in...

2011-04-01

140

Explaining civil-military relations in Southeast Asia  

E-print Network

Civil-military relations describe the interactions and balance of power between the civilians and the military in a nation state. Due to the organizational apparatus and capacity for forcible coercion that the military ...

Kwok, Jia-Chuan

2010-01-01

141

77 FR 3503 - Guam Military Base Realignment Contractor Recruitment Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Employment and Training Administration Guam Military Base Realignment Contractor Recruitment...United States (U.S.) workers for Guam military base realignment projects funded through...2009) amended Section 2824(c) of the Military Construction Authorization Act...

2012-01-24

142

Assisting Children and Families with Military-Related Disruptions: The United States Marine Corps School Liaison Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military families face a number of unique challenges, including frequent relocations and school transitions, as well as extended separations from loved ones. The military, schools, and communities have been working together to build the capacity of children, youth, and families to successfully cope with the stressors they encounter. Most branches…

Aronson, Keith R.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Perkins, Daniel F.; Pasch, Kenneth W.

2011-01-01

143

SPECIES PROFILE: HENSLOW'S SPARROW (AMMODRAMUS HENSLOWII) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The Henslow's sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii) is a small passerine bird that breeds in the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada and winters in the mid-Atlantic and Gulf Coast States. Its breeding range extends from New England and southern Ontario through the G...

144

SPECIES PROFILE: BACHMAN'S SPARROW (AIMOPHILA AESTIVALIS) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES.  

EPA Science Inventory

The Bachman's sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis) is a small ground-nesting sparrow that is endemic to the southeastern United States. The former breeding range extended into the midwestern and northeastern States but has contracted to its current general limits of North Carolina, Ken...

145

Native American History, Culture Gaining Traction in State Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, the Montana Constitution has made preservation of American Indian culture an explicit educational goal. Educators did little about it until 2004, when the state supreme court ruled that Montana had ignored its responsibility to teach about the state's seven tribes. That ruling jump-started an effort that has yielded curriculum…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2008-01-01

146

The military lens : doctrinal differences, misperception, and deterrence failure in Sino-American relations  

E-print Network

Nations, because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures can have dramatically different beliefs about the nature of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. This dissertation ...

Twomey, Christopher P

2005-01-01

147

The Organizational Culture of Diversity: An Assessment of West Point's Faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

An organizational culture assessment was conducted at the United States Military Academy at West Point to determine whether the academy's everyday practices and culture were aligned with its goal of integrating its military and civilian faculty. In addition to summarizing the process of this assessment and its findings, the consultant offers lessons learned that may be of value to other

Catherine M. Ruvolo

2007-01-01

148

SPECIES PROFILE: SOUTHEASTERN MYOTIS (MYOTIS AUSTRORIPARIUS) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The southeastern myotis (Myotis austroriparius) is a medium-sized bat with grayish-brown, woolly fur. This species primarily is found in the southeastern United States. Its range extends from southeastern North Carolina south to peninsular Florida, west to eastern Texas and Oklah...

149

SPECIES PROFILE: WOOD STORK (MYCTERIA AMERICANA) ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The wood stork (Mycteria americana) is a large colonial wading bird that breeds in a variety of wetland habitats. Its current range extends from southern South Carolina through Florida and from Mexico to northern Argentina, but populations in the United States are disjunct from t...

150

SPECIES PROFILE: LEAST TERN (STERNA ANTILLARUM), INTERIOR POPULATION, ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The least tern (Sterna antillarum) is a neotropical migrant species that primarily breeds along coastal waterways of the United States and winters in Central and South America. The interior population of the least tern was listed as Federally endangered in 1985 by the U.S. Fish a...

151

Nation-states for Export? Nation-building between military intervention, crisis prevention and development policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nation-building in violent conflicts or post-conflict situations is often viewed in most EU countries as a means of countering chaos and fragmentation, as an instrument for conflict management and prevention. Former Minister of State at the German Foreign Office, Ludger Volmer (2002), gave a perfect example of this in June 2002: \\

Jochen Hippler

152

Drug Abuse among Military Offenders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of military offenders' drug abuse histories, both prior to and after entry on active duty, was conducted at the United States Army Retraining Brigade in the fall of 1975. Results indicate that a substantial number of trainees began to abuse drugs prior to entering the military. (Author)

Ratliff, Bascom W.; Eads, Jerry

1978-01-01

153

Randle some Briery W 4-h Business Culture Europe 2nd edn Oxford Boston cited Walsall R 4-h ?Business Culture? ?Brand State?: Conceptions Nation Culture Business Literature Cultural Difference  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Search instead for Randle some Briery W 4-h Business Culture Europe 2nd edn Oxford Boston cited Walsall R 4-h ?Business Culture? ?Brand State?: Conceptions Nation Culture Business Literature Cultural Difference ?

154

Randlesome Briery W 4-h Business Culture Europe 2nd edn Oxford Boston cited Walsall R 4-h ?Business Culture? ?Brand State?: Conceptions Nation Culture Business Literature Cultural Difference  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Search instead for Randlesome Briery W 4-h Business Culture Europe 2nd edn Oxford Boston cited Walsall R 4-h ?Business Culture? ?Brand State?: Conceptions Nation Culture Business Literature Cultural Difference ?

155

United States military surgical response to modern large-scale conflicts: the ongoing evolution of a trauma system.  

PubMed

This article provides a brief description of the evolution of military trauma surgical care since Operation Desert Storm and the ongoing evolution of the trauma system in Operation Iraqi Freedom. PMID:16781277

Beekley, Alec C

2006-06-01

156

Cultivation of medicinal caterpillar fungus, Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes), and production of cordycepin using the spent medium from levan fermentation.  

PubMed

A process of tandem cultivation for the production of green and invaluable bioproducts (levan and Cordycepes militaris) useful for medical applications has been successfully developed. The process involves first cultivating Bacillus subtilis strain natto in sucrose medium to produce levan, followed by the subsequent cultivation of C. militaris in liquid- and solid-state cultures using the spent medium from levan fermentation as substrates. The factors affecting the cell growth and production of metabolites of C. militaris were investigated, and the various metabolites produced in the culture filtrate, mycelia, and fruiting body were analyzed. In addition, cordycepin was prepared from the solid waste medium of C. militaris. This is an excellent example in the development of cost effective biorefineries that maximize useful product formation from the available biomass. The preparation of cordycepin from solid waste medium of C. militaris using a method with high extraction efficiency and minimum solvent usage is also environmentally friendly. PMID:23796221

Wu, Fang-Chen; Chen, Yi-Lin; Chang, Shu-Ming; Shih, Ing-Lung

2013-01-01

157

Military Authority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article looks at how…

Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

2001-01-01

158

DEPLOYMENT & THE MILITARY FAMILY  

E-print Network

1 DEPLOYMENT & THE MILITARY FAMILY NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY FAMILY MEMBERS).............................................................................................. 3 III. HEALTH & MENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY RESOURCES, INFORMATION & REFERRAL SOURCES FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY PERSONNEL

159

Multiplying steady-state culture in multi-reactor system.  

PubMed

Cultivation of microorganisms in batch experiments is fast and economical but the conditions therein change constantly, rendering quantitative data interpretation difficult. By using chemostat with controlled environmental conditions the physiological state of microorganisms is fixed; however, the unavoidable stabilization phase makes continuous methods resource consuming. Material can be spared by using micro scale devices, which however have limited analysis and process control capabilities. Described herein are a method and a system combining the high throughput of batch with the controlled environment of continuous cultivations. Microorganisms were prepared in one bioreactor followed by culture distribution into a network of bioreactors and continuation of independent steady state experiments therein. Accelerostat cultivation with statistical analysis of growth parameters demonstrated non-compromised physiological state following distribution, thus the method effectively multiplied steady state culture of microorganisms. The theoretical efficiency of the system was evaluated in inhibitory compound analysis using repeated chemostat to chemostat transfers. PMID:24861314

Erm, Sten; Adamberg, Kaarel; Vilu, Raivo

2014-11-01

160

Cultural Immersion in Indonesia through Pancasila: State Ideology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers guidelines for Westerners seeking to gain an understanding of Indonesian culture. Explains the five principles or Silas of Pancasila, which serves as both the state ideology and civil religion of Indonesia. Considers other sources of the country's value system. Discusses the implications of Pancasila for Westerners conducting business in…

Fitch, Robert M.; Webb, Sheila Anne

1989-01-01

161

Childhood Ideology in the United States: A Comparative Cultural View  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood ideology functions in each nation as a complex of ideas about what children are like and how best to teach and socialise them. One important domain of childhood ideology concerns ideas and practices related to children's development and behaviour management. Drawing from an analysis of popular childrearing magazines and early childhood education materials in the United States, this cultural

Diane M. Hoffman

2003-01-01

162

Simulation of advective flow under steady-state and transient recharge conditions, Camp Edwards, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey has developed several ground-water models in support of an investigation of ground-water contamination being conducted by the Army National Guard Bureau at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts Military Reservation on western Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Regional and subregional steady-state models and regional transient models were used to (1) improve understanding of the hydrologic system, (2) simulate advective transport of contaminants, (3) delineate recharge areas to municipal wells, and (4) evaluate how model discretization and time-varying recharge affect simulation results. A water-table mound dominates ground-water-flow patterns. Near the top of the mound, which is within Camp Edwards, hydraulic gradients are nearly vertically downward and horizontal gradients are small. In downgradient areas that are further from the top of the water-table mound, the ratio of horizontal to vertical gradients is larger and horizontal flow predominates. The steady-state regional model adequately simulates advective transport in some areas of the aquifer; however, simulation of ground-water flow in areas with local hydrologic boundaries, such as ponds, requires more finely discretized subregional models. Subregional models also are needed to delineate recharge areas to municipal wells that are inadequately represented in the regional model or are near other pumped wells. Long-term changes in recharge rates affect hydraulic heads in the aquifer and shift the position of the top of the water-table mound. Hydraulic-gradient directions do not change over time in downgradient areas, whereas they do change substantially with temporal changes in recharge near the top of the water-table mound. The assumption of steady-state hydraulic conditions is valid in downgradient area, where advective transport paths change little over time. In areas closer to the top of the water-table mound, advective transport paths change as a function of time, transient and steady-state paths do not coincide, and the assumption of steady-state conditions is not valid. The simulation results indicate that several modeling tools are needed to adequately simulate ground-water flow at the site and that the utility of a model varies according to hydrologic conditions in the specific areas of interest.

Walter, Donald A.; Masterson, John P.

2003-01-01

163

A review of "Military Migration and State Formation: The British Military Community in Seventeenth-Century Sweden." by Mary Elizabeth Ailes  

E-print Network

to Swed- ish recruitment of foreign officers, particularly those from Britain. She notes that this practice occurred most often during the decade from 1628-1638 when Sweden established supremacy over the Baltic states at the expense of arch-rival Poland... to Swed- ish recruitment of foreign officers, particularly those from Britain. She notes that this practice occurred most often during the decade from 1628-1638 when Sweden established supremacy over the Baltic states at the expense of arch-rival Poland...

Lee Sather

2003-01-01

164

Child Care: How Do Military and Civilian Center Costs Compare? United States General Accounting Office Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Defense's (DOD) child development program has been identified as a model for the rest of the nation. To provide a benchmark cost estimate for Congress as it addresses child care issues, this report identifies the objectives of the military child development program, describes its operation, determines the full costs of DOD…

Fagnoni, Cynthia M.

165

Criticism of American, British, European and Classical Authors: A Selective Bibliography of Books in the United States Military Academy Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this bibliography is to provide critical, literary commentaries on the works of American, British, and classical authors, found in general literature books. Selection of authors was accomplished on the basis of West Point military cadets' choices of topics for their annual English papers; alphabetical listings of citations (from…

Perry, Margaret, Comp.

166

Military-Extension Adventure Camps 2013 RED RIVER GORGE  

E-print Network

Military-Extension Adventure Camps 2013 RED RIVER GORGE EXTREME OUTDOORS EXCURSION JULY 19 PARK SNOWSHOE SKI AND SNOW ADVENTURE JANUARY 3-6,2014 ELKINS,WV Military service member parents. Military families from any state and branch are welcome! Military spouses may attend in place

MacAdam, Keith

167

Military Families Considering Adoption  

MedlinePLUS

... Military Families Considering Adoption: A Factsheet for Families Military Families Considering Adoption Email Order (Free) Print (PDF ... Published: 2010 Adoption is a realistic option for military personnel who want to expand their families, and ...

168

Military specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

Reynolds, Philip

1987-01-01

169

Characteristics of the Social Status of Students at Military Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the motivations of Russian college students in military training centers and military departments, and cadets enrolled in military service academies shows that the first two occupy a marginal position. This is reflected in the ambiguity of their status and the fact that they are at the interface between two cultures, manifested in…

Karlova, E. N.

2013-01-01

170

Childhood Ideology in the United States: A Comparative Cultural View  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Childhood ideology functions in each nation as a complex of ideas about what children are like and how best to teach and socialise them. One important domain of childhood ideology concerns ideas and practices related to children's development and behaviour management. Drawing from an analysis of popular childrearing magazines and early childhood education materials in the United States, this cultural study describes contemporary American mainstream beliefs concerning children's early emotional and behavioural development. In particular, the paper explores themes of emotional expression, autonomy, individuality, power, and consumerism. Some comparisons with Japanese views on child development and emotional/behavioural socialisation are also made. The paper suggests that popular ideas and techniques of emotional and behavioural management in the United States in both families and early childcare environments reflect a dominant ideology of children that has potentially negative consequences for children's welfare. Furthermore, childhood ideologies, while retaining culturally specific values and ideas neither remain static nor exist in isolation from one another. The paper questions the global diffusion of a Western-style professionalised discourse of child psychology that may not be applicable to all nations and their children.

Hoffman, Diane M.

2003-03-01

171

Visiting Military Installations Applicability  

E-print Network

Visiting Military Installations Effective: Applicability This policy applies to Drexel University for Drexel to recruit military students, particularly on military installations. II. Policy Implementation A. Drexel Requirements Drexel University is required to: � Provide a written request to visit the military

Schmutz, Eric

172

SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE  

E-print Network

CHANNELS SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE UAV NEWS MILITARY COMMS CYBERWARS MISSILE NEWS RAYGUNS nephew exempted from Israeli military service Four die, 15 hurt as Indian airforce MiG-21 crashes Wins Ground Based Missile Defense Canister Contract Military Rot Spreads To Russia's Nuclear Forces

173

Military Risk Assessment  

E-print Network

Military Risk Assessment: From Conventional Warfare to Counter Insurgency Operations C.W. Johnson 8 reserved. ISBN 978-0-85261-933-9 #12;Military Risk Assessment 3 Contents 1 An Introduction to Military Risk.................................................................. 38 2 The Challenge of Military Risk Assessment ................................................. 41 2

Williamson, John

174

Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on "wounded…

Bonar, Ted C.; Domenici, Paula L.

2011-01-01

175

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

...2014-01-01 false 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned...Regulation No. 100-2—Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned... (a) The person served in a U.S. military or civilian capacity outside the...

2014-01-01

176

Information for Helping Military Families Every county has residents who are members of the United States Armed Forces. We are now in a time of  

E-print Network

Information for Helping Military Families Every county has residents who are members of the United in family needs. This information sheet is for you to use when assisting your military clients and their families. Questions to ask: What branch of the Military is the service member in? Do you know the service

177

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - 1-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false 1-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned...Regulation No. 100-1—Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned... (a) The person served in a U.S. military or civilian capacity outside the...

2010-01-01

178

The Production of Regime Culture and Instrumentalized Art in a Globalizing State  

Microsoft Academic Search

The argument of this paper is that, in the age of globalization, culture, in the generic\\/anthropological sense, is produced, and varies by group, subject, and time. In the United States today the leaders of the state produce a specific kind of culture, here called regime culture, which reinforces the power of the existing regime. It features patriotism, values financial success,

Peter Marcuse

2007-01-01

179

32 CFR 536.75 - Claims payable under the Military Claims Act.  

...2014-07-01 false Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.75 Section 536...UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.75 Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) General....

2014-07-01

180

32 CFR 536.78 - Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.78 Section...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.78 Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) Authority...

2013-07-01

181

32 CFR 536.78 - Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

...Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.78 Section...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.78 Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) Authority...

2014-07-01

182

32 CFR 536.76 - Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.76 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.76 Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) Those...

2013-07-01

183

32 CFR 536.74 - Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

... false Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.74 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.74 Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) The...

2014-07-01

184

32 CFR 536.73 - Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act.  

... false Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. 536.73 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.73 Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. The statutory...

2014-07-01

185

32 CFR 536.75 - Claims payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.75 Section 536...UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.75 Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) General....

2013-07-01

186

32 CFR 536.76 - Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act.  

... false Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.76 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.76 Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) Those...

2014-07-01

187

32 CFR 536.73 - Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. 536.73 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.73 Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. The statutory...

2013-07-01

188

32 CFR 536.76 - Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... true Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.76 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.76 Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) Those...

2012-07-01

189

32 CFR 536.78 - Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.78 Section...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.78 Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) Authority...

2011-07-01

190

32 CFR 536.74 - Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2009-07-01 true Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.74 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.74 Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) The...

2011-07-01

191

32 CFR 536.75 - Claims payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2009-07-01 true Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.75 Section 536...UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.75 Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) General....

2012-07-01

192

32 CFR 536.78 - Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.78 Section...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.78 Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) Authority...

2012-07-01

193

32 CFR 536.79 - Action on appeal under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Action on appeal under the Military Claims Act. 536.79 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.79 Action on appeal under the Military Claims Act. (a)...

2010-07-01

194

32 CFR 536.75 - Claims payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2009-07-01 true Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.75 Section 536...UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.75 Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) General....

2011-07-01

195

32 CFR 536.73 - Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... true Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. 536.73 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.73 Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. The statutory...

2012-07-01

196

32 CFR 536.79 - Action on appeal under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2009-07-01 true Action on appeal under the Military Claims Act. 536.79 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.79 Action on appeal under the Military Claims Act. (a)...

2012-07-01

197

78 FR 45026 - Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Military Electronic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Military Electronic Equipment and Related Items...second proposed rule to describe how military electronics and certain superconducting...provide the United States with a critical military or intelligence advantage or...

2013-07-25

198

32 CFR 536.74 - Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.74 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.74 Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) The...

2010-07-01

199

32 CFR 536.73 - Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... true Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. 536.73 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.73 Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. The statutory...

2010-07-01

200

32 CFR 536.77 - Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.77 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.77 Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) General...

2011-07-01

201

32 CFR 536.79 - Action on appeal under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2009-07-01 true Action on appeal under the Military Claims Act. 536.79 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.79 Action on appeal under the Military Claims Act. (a)...

2011-07-01

202

32 CFR 536.77 - Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.77 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.77 Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) General...

2012-07-01

203

32 CFR 536.74 - Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2009-07-01 true Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.74 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.74 Scope for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) The...

2012-07-01

204

3 CFR 8669 - Proclamation 8669 of May 5, 2011. Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Proclamation 8669 of May 5, 2011. Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2011 8669...8669 of May 5, 2011 Proc. 8669 Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2011By the...States of America A Proclamation Military spouses serve as steady and...

2012-01-01

205

32 CFR 536.76 - Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... true Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.76 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.76 Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) Those...

2011-07-01

206

32 CFR 536.75 - Claims payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.75 Section 536...UNITED STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.75 Claims payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) General....

2010-07-01

207

32 CFR 536.73 - Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... true Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. 536.73 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.73 Statutory authority for the Military Claims Act. The statutory...

2011-07-01

208

32 CFR 536.78 - Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.78 Section...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.78 Settlement authority for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) Authority...

2010-07-01

209

32 CFR 536.77 - Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act. 536.77 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.77 Applicable law for claims under the Military Claims Act. (a) General...

2010-07-01

210

32 CFR 536.76 - Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... true Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. 536.76 Section 536...STATES Claims Cognizable Under the Military Claims Act § 536.76 Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act. (a) Those...

2010-07-01

211

77 FR 74546 - Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice 8118] Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Pursuant to the authority vested in the Secretary of State...funds made available for assistance for Bolivian military and police are in the national security interest of the United...

2012-12-14

212

New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

Schaff, N.

2010-08-01

213

Golden Eagle Indifference to Heli-Skiing and Military Helicopters  

E-print Network

Golden Eagle Indifference to Heli-Skiing and Military Helicopters in Northern Utah TERYL G. GRUBB,1-Skiing and Military Helicopters in Northern Utah TERYL G. GRUBB,1 United States Forest Service, Rocky Mountain

214

Military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Nurses' awareness of MST as a specific type of sexual assault within the military culture and sensitivity to the physical and psychological symptoms are important aspects of care. Nurses must treat the physical and emotional components of sexual assault in all settings; however, referral to the veterans administration programs and resources is key for the woman veteran to receive the specialized care developed by the healthcare system. Women veterans who have PTSD from MST and combat exposure are prone to depression, suicide and substance use/abuse. Nurses must not fear asking the woman if she is having suicidal thoughts or has a plan and intent to follow through with the plan. MST and PTSD may result in internalized anger, shame, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness and powerlessness. Patient safety is of utmost importance. Assessing Patients for Sexual Violence, A Guide for Health Care Providers (2009) is a useful resource for nurses. The National Center for PTSD (2009) newsletter on the topic of MST includes a list of research studies. The work of Benedict (2007) and Corbett (2007) provide additional personal accounts of women soldiers who were in the Middle East conflicts. The nurse's referral to specialized services to treat MST and PTSD with evidence-based therapies is a crucial first step in the resiliency and well-being of these brave women who have served in all branches of the U.S. military. PMID:22359967

Wieland, Diane M; Haley, Jenna L; Bouder, Michelle

2011-12-01

215

Pneumonia in military recruits.  

PubMed

Lower respiratory disease is a major source of morbidity in military recruits, with hospitalization rates for pneumonia more than 30 times that of the non-recruit population. The etiologic agent remains unknown in over 75% of cases. This study prospectively examined the etiology of pneumonia among recruits at Naval Training Center, San Diego, California. Recruits presenting with cough, fever, or shortness of breath and pulmonary infiltrates on chest X-ray were eligible for enrollment. A standardized scoring form and focused physical exam were completed on each subject. Sputum specimens were obtained for Gram's stain and culture, DNA probing for Legionella and Mycoplasma species, and direct fluorescent antibody staining for Legionella. Acute and convalescent serologies were performed for adenovirus, influenza A and B, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia group, and respiratory syncytial virus. Of 110 eligible patients, 100 consented to enrollment and 75 patients completed the study. Etiologic diagnoses were obtained in 40 of the patients (53%). M. pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and viruses accounted for the majority of infections. Mixed infections were seen in six patients. Forty-seven percent of patients had no diagnosis established. Pneumonia in this series of military recruits was frequently caused by M. pneumoniae and H. influenzae. Fifty percent of cases were undiagnosed with routinely available laboratory methods. Further studies are warranted to more clearly define the etiologic agents of recruit pneumonia and the utility of prophylactic measures. PMID:7870317

Amundson, D E; Weiss, P J

1994-10-01

216

31 CFR 576.511 - Property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in...  

...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.511 Section 576...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibition in...the United States and their coalition partners present in Iraq and acting in...

2014-07-01

217

31 CFR 576.511 - Property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.511 Section 576...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibition in...the United States and their coalition partners present in Iraq and acting in...

2013-07-01

218

31 CFR 576.511 - Property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.511 Section 576...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibition in...the United States and their coalition partners present in Iraq and acting in...

2011-07-01

219

31 CFR 576.511 - Property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition partners in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.511 Section 576...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibition in...the United States and their coalition partners present in Iraq and acting in...

2012-07-01

220

Military Action against Iran: The Iranian Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no doubt that Iran has grown anxious about the possibility of a military strike against its nuclear facilities. It has tried to demonstrate self-confidence and assert that military action in Iran is not expected because the United States and Israel understand very well that such a strike would fail when pitted against Iran's determination and response capability. However,

Ephraim Kam

221

Partnerships with Business, Industry, and the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Workforce Education and Development Off-Campus Degree Program of Southern Illinois University-Carbondale allows military and civilian students to complete bachelor of science degrees in education with a major in work force education and development at 1 civilian site and 16 military bases throughout the United States. Approximately 1,000…

Hall, Shirley L.

222

LOCATIONS OF MILITARY WASTE SITES IN ALASKA  

EPA Science Inventory

This map shows locations of contaminated and non-contaminated military waste sites, Alaska Native Villages, Native Corporation boundaries, and Traditional Land-Use areas (Artic Slope region only). The entire state is shown plus identification of all military sites currently being...

223

Altered States of Rurality: Cultural Forays into Southern Ontario Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examines contemporary cultural representations of rurality in southern Ontario. It demonstrates how literary and cultural texts construct, support and\\/or expand our understandings of the social composition and character of rural culture. Examining various literary forms (drama, life narrative, and the novel), music, and photography, my research and analysis responds to Chris Philo’s pivotal call in the field of

Riisa Walden

2011-01-01

224

The state of English as a global language: communicating culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The so-called ‘spread’ of English around the world has been associated historically with British and, latterly, American cultural imperialism. And yet, in the context of globalisation, English is now being reconstructed as a culturally-neutral lingua franca, a universal means of communication desired and appropriated by all users. (How) has English freed itself of its cultural weight? Given the traditional relation

Martin A. Kayman

2004-01-01

225

Military Sexual Trauma  

MedlinePLUS

... 8255 Military One Source 800-342-9647 Military Sexual Assault SafeHelpline 877-995-5247 87 reads Home Topics ... experienced a sexual trauma. Sexual trauma (harassment, assault, rape and associated violence) can trigger a range of ...

226

Families in the Military  

MedlinePLUS

... have led to deployment of large numbers of military personnel (active duty, Reserves, National Guard). As a result of duty assignments, members of the military are often separated for lengthy periods of time ...

227

TRICARE, Military Health System  

MedlinePLUS

... a Doctor Book Appointments Getting Care When Traveling Military Hospitals and Clinics Multi-Service Markets Network Providers ... of TRICARE Coverage Get Dental Care View My Military Health Record Less TRICARE News Understanding TRICARE’s Autism ...

228

A Theory of Military Dictatorships  

E-print Network

We investigate how nondemocratic regimes use the military and how this can lead to the emergence of military dictatorships. The elite may build a strong military and make the concessions necessary for the military to behave ...

Acemoglu, Daron

229

Dilemmas of decline, risks of rise : the systemic and military sources of rising state strategy towards declining great powers  

E-print Network

What explains variation in relatively rising state strategy towards declining great powers? This project develops and tests a theory of state strategy vis-a-vis declining great powers, termed Realist Decline Theory. Realist ...

Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua R

2013-01-01

230

ART FRONTS: VISUAL CULTURE AND RACE POLITICS IN THE MID-TWENTIETH-CENTURY UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

ART FRONTS: VISUAL CULTURE AND RACE POLITICS IN THE MID-TWENTIETH-CENTURY UNITED STATES Erin Park Cohn Supervisor: Kathy Peiss Art Fronts argues that visual culture played a central and understudied role in the African American freedom struggle in the middle part of the twentieth century. In particular, it traces the political lives and cultural productions of a generation of visual artists,

Erin P Cohn

2010-01-01

231

An Organizational Culture Assessment Using the Competing Values Framework: A Profile of Ohio State University Extension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current and preferred culture of Ohio State University Extension was assessed by 297 extension staff categorized by gender, location, program area, title, age, and years employed. Most categories selected a Clan culture type as dominant in both the current and preferred situations. The Clan culture portrays an organization that concentrates on…

Berrio, Angel A.

2003-01-01

232

31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.207 Section 576...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibitions in...the United States and their coalition partners present in Iraq and acting in their...

2012-07-01

233

31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...  

...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.207 Section 576...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibitions in...the United States and their coalition partners present in Iraq and acting in their...

2014-07-01

234

31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.207 Section 576...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibitions in...the United States and their coalition partners present in Iraq and acting in their...

2013-07-01

235

31 CFR 576.207 - Exemption for property controlled by the military forces of the United States and their coalition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. 576.207 Section 576...the United States and their coalition partners in Iraq. The prohibitions in...the United States and their coalition partners present in Iraq and acting in their...

2011-07-01

236

Gender and the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

The military is an important social institution, with effects on other institutions and on people's lives, both directly and indirectly. Despite this, the military is a relatively ne­ glected area of study within sociology. Further, though the military has a gender-defming tradition and gender is endemic in the institution, central works on the sociology of gender usually omit analysis of

Mady Wechsler Segal

237

Military Sexual Trauma  

MedlinePLUS

October, 2014 What is military sexual trauma (MST)? Military sexual trauma, or MST, is the term used by VA to refer to experiences of sexual ... diagnosis, and Veterans’ current treatment needs will vary. Military Sexual Trauma October, 2014 How can MST affect ...

238

Strengthening Our Military Families  

MedlinePLUS

... Commitment STRENGTHENING OUR MILITARY FAMILIES 1 ? ? Strengthening Our Military Families: Meeting America’s Commitment “This government-wide review ... Behav Pediatr. 2009;30:271-278 Strengthening Our MilitAry FAMilieS 2 ? ? • civilian family members can live fulfilling ...

239

Infectious Mononucleosis at the United States Military Academy. A Prospective Study of a Single Class Over Four Years 1  

PubMed Central

A prospective study of EB virus infections was initiated in July, 1969 in the entering class of 1401 cadets, at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. and continued over 4 yr. On entry 63.5% possessed EBV antibody and 36.5 lacked EBV antibody. The rate of antibody prevalence varied with the geographic area from which the cadet originated. Except in two cadets already ill on first bleeding no evidence of clinical infectious mononucleosis (I.M.) occurred over the 4 yr period in the 890 cadets entering the Academy with EBV antibody. Among 437 cadets without antibody on entry, 54 or 12.4% were infected (seroconverted) in the freshman year; 15 of these had clinical I.M., 12 had suggestive I.M., and 39 had no known mono-like illness. The annual infection rates in susceptible cadets in the second, third, and fourth years were 24.4, 15.1, and 30.8 per 100, respectively. Of 201 cadets infected with EBV over 4 yr only 26.4% were manifested by heterophile positive clinical infectious mononucleosis. Overall, 46% of the 437 cadets entering without EBV antibody became infected over 40 mo of serologic observation; definite clinical infectious mononucleosis developed in 53 cadets, a clinical attack rate of 12.1 per 100 for 4 yr. The EBV infection rate among exposed and susceptible roommates of known cases was no higher than in roommates not so exposed. Elevations of EBV-specific and total IgM occurred during acute illness and disappeared in late convalescence. Total IgG and IgA levels were less commonly elevated. EBV-specific-IgM antibody was demonstrable during the acute illness but was absent 12 mo later. Analysis of EBV infection rates revealed no difference among persons of different ABO blood groups. PMID:4374836

Hallee, T. James; Evans, Alfred S.; Niederman, James C.; Brooks, Charles M.; Voegtly, John H.

1974-01-01

240

Military Leave/Reemployment Rights Policy 6.35  

E-print Network

Military Leave/Reemployment Rights Policy 6.35 Applies to: Faculty and staff The Ohio State/25/1994 Revised: 06/17/2002 Edited: 11/15/2006 Faculty and staff are eligible for military leave benefits military pay. Calendar year - the year beginning on the first day of January and ending on the last day

Jones, Michelle

241

Why Some States Participate in UN Peace Missions While Others Do Not: An Analysis of Civil-Military Relations and Its Effects on Latin America's Contributions to Peacekeeping Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do some states deploy troops to support UN missions while others do not? Although short from war, peacekeeping entails a military dimension of foreign policy in which uniformed personnel is deployed to accomplish diplomatic and political means. As such, decisions to commit troops to UN operations must have the implicit support of the armed forces in order to take

Arturo C. Sotomayor Velázquez

2010-01-01

242

Multiculturalism and cultural diversity in modern nation state Conference Turin 2007  

E-print Network

In the established political system of liberal nation-states built up on a principle of coherence between culture and nation as territorially defined groups, the occurrence of cultural differences has brought to the dissolution of this formula crucial for a unity of a nation-state. Nationalism holds that cultural differences are results of a hierarchy between “us ” and “them ” and consequently the existence of cultural differences was interpreted as differences among cultures as closed units. During recent years the politics has been confronted with various demands for recognition of cultural and ethnic plurality coming from groups of citizens, cultural and ethnic minorities. In this respect the interest in the issues of multiculturalism has increase both on scholar and public level. On one hand there are liberal theories promoting multiculturalism as a model of defense of cultural rights having its source in the universal right of an individual. From the liberal viewpoint multiculturalism aims to promote the recognition of cultural and ethnic plurality but still this plurality is intended as a plurality of cultures as closed units. Such concepts of multiculturalism has been criticised to endorse existing differences and to perpetuate existing cultural stereotypes by using “culture ” as a mean to solve the social and political inequalities. On the other hand cultural relativism demonstrates that liberal concept of a nation-state ignored for many decades the idea of culture as a system based on a multiple relations and meanings, which go beyond nation-states boundaries and where cultural differences are intended as variations existing side by side. The aim of my paper is to critically explore these two concepts of multiculturalism and to point out their dilemmas in addressing the equality in pluri-cultural societies.

Radka Neumannova

243

The state of bureaucratic representativeness and administrative culture in Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article compares the demographic composition of the Nepalese bureaucracy with the demographics of the general population, and, thereafter, maps the administrative culture in Nepal. With regard to administrative culture, it highlights, more specifically, the values and norms dominant among Nepali bureaucrats. In this regard, three relationships are focused upon: relationships among bureaucrats within the bureaucracy, the interface between the

Ishtiaq Jamil; Rameshwor Dangal

2009-01-01

244

Soviet Military Awards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After the fall of the Soviet Union in the winter of 1991, thousands of items of Cold War paraphernalia found ready markets across the world, including the United States. High school and college students were now able to purchase the heavy wool jackets of Soviet and East German troops, and military buffs were able to acquire a number of patches, medals, and other items. The medals were often highly prized, and whether people understood the iconography and symbolism or not, they sought them out just the same. Fortunately for those interested in the wide world of Soviet military awards, there is this fine site which offers photographs and information about the various medals and their respective honors. With over 50 medals on the site, visitors can learn about the Order of October Revolution, the Pilot-Cosmonaut of USSR, and the rather curious Medal for Development of Virgin Lands, which commemorates the "young soviets" who relocated to Siberia, the Volga region, and northern Caucasus. For those whose interest is piqued by this material, there is also a newsletter that visitors can look through online.

245

76 FR 58031 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke Museum), in consultation with the appropriate Indian Tribes, has determined that the cultural items meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects and repatriation to the Indian Tribes stated below may occur if no additional claimants come forward. Representatives of any Indian Tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated......

2011-09-19

246

Some Major Contributions of the Military to the Field of Adult and Continuing Education in the United States (A Work in Progress).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. military has made numerous important contributions to the development of adult and continuing education. As in civilian adult education, military innovations in education have consistently used workplace learning. The educational benefits produced by the GI Bill democratized education by exploding the myth that "common" people did not…

Anderson, Clinton L.; Kime, Steve F.

247

Induction of Viable but Non-culturable (VBNC) State in Salmonella Cultured in M9 Minimal Medium Containing High Glucose.  

PubMed

An environmental isolate of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE) clone, SE Cl#15-1, loses its culturability during 72-h culture in M9 minimal medium containing 0.8% glucose, a concentration twice higher than that in normal M9 medium, whereas the bacterium retains its culturability in normal M9 medium. Live/dead analysis using the 5-cyano-2,3-di(p-tolyl) tetrazolium chloride (CTC)-reduction assay revealed that SE cells cultured in M9 medium containing 0.8% glucose died with time when in the "viable but non-culturable" (VBNC) state. Assay of the culturability of SE cells in the used supernatant (0.4 spent M9 or 0.8 spent M9) also indicated that 0.8 spent M9 soon showed a lethal effect on intact SE cells. These results suggest that large amounts of glucose metabolites might have been responsible for the toxicity. Analysis of the 0.8 spent M9 revealed that formate rapidly accumulated in the medium. The pH of the medium rapidly dropped to 4.7, leading to conversion of formate to formic acid, which might have damaged the bacterial cell membrane. These results suggest that the excessive amount of glucose in the M9 medium might have injured SE cells in the VBNC state by being metabolized to formic acid and other acidic compounds. PMID:25109306

Morishige, Yuta; Tanda, Masaaki; Fujimori, Ko; Mino, Yoshiki; Amano, Fumio

2014-01-01

248

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2012-10-01

249

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2013-10-01

250

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2011-10-01

251

48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...commercial or defense industrial base of the People's Republic of China; or (2) Owned or controlled by, or affiliated with...the Government or armed forces of the People's Republic of China. United States Munitions List means the munitions...

2010-10-01

252

75 FR 50793 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Notice 7120] Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade...Trade Controls, Bureau of Political- Military Affairs, Department of State (202...having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights, and...

2010-08-17

253

75 FR 37520 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Notice 7069] Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade...Trade Controls, Bureau of Political- Military Affairs, Department of State (202...having taken into account political, military, economic, human rights, and...

2010-06-29

254

77 FR 1629 - Authorization To Use Lower Than Standard Takeoff, Approach and Landing Minimums at Military and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Takeoff, Approach and Landing Minimums at Military and Foreign Airports AGENCY: Federal...flight rules (IFR) airport operations at military airports or outside the United States...at domestic civilian, foreign, and military airports when authorized to do so....

2012-01-11

255

75 FR 50791 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Notice 7121] Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade...Trade Controls, Bureau of Political- Military Affairs, Department of State (202...agreement for the manufacture of significant military equipment abroad. The transaction...

2010-08-17

256

Pending crisis in Russian civil military relations  

SciTech Connect

A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the question is not how the civilian leadership can keep the military out of politics, but how the military can keep the leadership from politicizing the armed forces. The Russian military has no interest in resolving Russia`s domestic political problems. It is a professional military that prefers to leave politics to the politicians, and to carry out its mission of defending the nation against external attack. But the lack of responsible central leadership and the poor state of the economy are driving the military toward involvement in domestic politics if for no other reason than to ensure its own survival.

Ball, D.Y.

1997-10-01

257

Cultural Interface in Foreign Procurement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The thesis explores the relationship between the traditional cultural heritage and business practices of a foreign country with U.S. military procurement policies and regulations. It centers on U.S. military procurement policy in Japan. After briefly outl...

R. M. Kreimer

1974-01-01

258

Reformasi and the Indonesian ‘War on Terror’: State, Military and Legislative–Executive Relations in an Emerging Democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indonesia's fledgling democracy was just three years into defining its constitutional structure when the 9\\/11 attacks took place in the United States. It was less affected by the acts themselves than by the ‘war on terror’ that they provoked. Militant Islamic groups, already active, sometimes violently, were invigorated by widespread opposition to the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. A series

Edward V. Schneier

2009-01-01

259

Challenges of Leadership Development in the United States Army: Part II: The School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As the United States Army enters the 21st Century, it is focused on transformation of the force to meet the challenges of the future. The Army is spending large amounts of resources to organize and equip the Initial Brigade Combat Teams (IBCT) at Ft. Lewi...

F. L. Barth

2002-01-01

260

Cultural, Social, and Political Influences on State-Level Indigent Health Care Policy Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a state-culture conceptual framework, this 50-state study of the United States identifies factors affecting state-level variance in Medicaid expenditures in 2004. Path analysis is applied to depict a structural model measured by political and socioeconomic predictors of state-level Medicaid expenditures. Findings show Democratic political party control, and a state's financial capacity predicts higher Medicaid expenditures. Medicaid need demographics have

Junghee Lee; William Donlan

2009-01-01

261

Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota  

E-print Network

Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota Learning Circle Lesson - Leader Operation Military Kids Team 2006 The University of Minnesota is committed to the policy that all persons, or sexual orientation. #12;2 Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota Learning

Amin, S. Massoud

262

Former Military Officers from the Republic of Vietnam Now Living in the United States (US): Exploring their Perceptions of the US Healthcare System  

PubMed Central

Few studies have focused on perceptions of healthcare among Vietnamese who came to the United States (US) as refugees. A 48-item survey that included information on demographics, health status, and satisfaction with healthcare [including the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire-18 (PSQ-18)] was sent to 49 former Vietnamese military officers, who are now living in the US, based on their current geographic residence. A total of 22 of 49 delivered questionnaires were completed and returned, yielding a response rate of 45%. The survey was sent in Vietnamese and English, and all except one was completed in Vietnamese. In response to “Language barriers have prevented me from accessing health care when I need it,” 77% of respondents acknowledged that this was “sometimes” the case even today. Most respondents otherwise viewed the healthcare system favorably, but cost concerns were an issue: 28% strongly agreed or agreed with the statement, “I have to pay for more of my medical care than I can afford.” In contrast, only 9% described that they would have strongly agreed or agreed to this statement upon first arriving to the US. Write-in comments revealed themes that centered on language barriers, favorable impressions of healthcare in the US, financial concerns, and patriotism towards the US. Further study of this aging population of Vietnamese Americans might help shed light on concerns faced by other refugee populations who have arrived more recently. PMID:21461762

Stephens, Elisabeth K.; Nguyen, Phuong L.; Breitkopf, Carmen Radecki

2011-01-01

263

Former military officers from the Republic of Vietnam now living in the united states (US): exploring their perceptions of the US healthcare system.  

PubMed

Few studies have focused on perceptions of healthcare among Vietnamese who came to the United States (US) as refugees. A 48-item survey that included information on demographics, health status, and satisfaction with healthcare [including the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire-18 (PSQ-18)] was sent to 49 former Vietnamese military officers, who are now living in the US, based on their current geographic residence. A total of 22 of 49 delivered questionnaires were completed and returned, yielding a response rate of 45%. The survey was sent in Vietnamese and English, and all except one was completed in Vietnamese. In response to "Language barriers have prevented me from accessing health care when I need it," 77% of respondents acknowledged that this was "sometimes" the case even today. Most respondents otherwise viewed the healthcare system favorably, but cost concerns were an issue: 28% strongly agreed or agreed with the statement, "I have to pay for more of my medical care than I can afford." In contrast, only 9% described that they would have strongly agreed or agreed to this statement upon first arriving to the US. Write-in comments revealed themes that centered on language barriers, favorable impressions of healthcare in the US, financial concerns, and patriotism towards the US. Further study of this aging population of Vietnamese Americans might help shed light on concerns faced by other refugee populations who have arrived more recently. PMID:21461762

Stephens, Elisabeth K; Nguyen, Phuong L; Radecki Breitkopf, Carmen; Jatoi, Aminah

2011-12-01

264

Minor in Joint Military Studies Contact: Lieutenant Colonel Matthew S. McSwain, USAF  

E-print Network

4/12 Minor in Joint Military Studies Contact: Lieutenant Colonel Matthew S. McSwain, USAF Office in Engineering Building, Room 409 Professor of Aerospace Studies 978-934-2252 The minor in Joint Military Studies instruments of power, the United States Military. There is no military commitment required for a student

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

265

The Intersection of Cultures: Multicultural Education in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to be used in courses devoted to the study of multicultural education, this book aims to outline conceptual foundations of multicultural education and to discuss differences in cultural perspectives. The book is divided into two parts. Part one provides the foundation of multicultural education; part two focuses on the perspectives on…

Spring, Joel

266

Immigration, Culture, and Child Labor in the United States, 18801920  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alarmed by child labor in factories and mills, Progressive-era reformers criticized immigrants and immigrant cultures for sanctioning exploitation of their young. Neither qualitative nor quantitative appraisals find much evidence that ethnicity had any important effect on the likelihood that a child would work. Relative and absolute poverty were more important influences. Under all conditions, black children were much more likely

Brian Gratton; Jon Moen

2004-01-01

267

Culture and Identity: Critical Considerations for Successful State- building Endeavors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, originating from Afghanistan, and the earthquake in January 2010 that devastated Haiti illustrate the different dangers that weak and failed states represent to the international community. Whil...

P. J. Hilaski

2010-01-01

268

MILITARY LEAVE WORKSHEET PERSONAL INFORMATION  

E-print Network

MILITARY LEAVE WORKSHEET PERSONAL INFORMATION Name Agency Name Address Agency Number Emergency MILITARY LEAVE NOTIFICATION · I have been ordered to military duty effective . Attached is a copy of my orders. Official verbal notification was received from . MILITARY LEAVE WITH PAY · MILITARY LEAVE

Swaddle, John

269

Intranational Cultural VariationExploring Further Implications of Collectivism within the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within-nation cultural variation across regions provides a largely untapped resource for examining cross- cultural relations usually studied at the international level. The current study examines the relations of collectivism, helping behavior with strangers, and pace of life across regions of the United States. The study shows that within-nation cultural variation can be used both to (a) cross-validate findings generated at

LUCIAN GIDEON CONWAY III; Andrew G. Ryder; Roger G. Tweed; Bryan W. Sokol

2001-01-01

270

Cultural Variations in Sex Typing: A Comparison of Students in the United States, Germany, and India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study of sex typing or adherence to defined sex roles in three different cultures: India, Germany, and the United States. Reports less sex typing in India than either Western "modern" society. Concludes that cultural traditionalism and rigidity in sex typing may not necessarily vary together. (DK)

Murphy-Berman, Virginia A.; And Others

1992-01-01

271

State Assessment of Educational Progress in North Carolina, 1973-74, Cultural Arts, Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A representative sample of about 2,500 third-graders took the Cultural Arts Test, a perception survey which was part of the 1973-74 State Assessment of Educational Progress in North Carolina. The test dealt with students' perceptions of their own competence, interests, preferences, and happiness in the cultural arts; of their teachers. and…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Research.

272

77 FR 74866 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: New York State Museum, Albany, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...January 17, 2013. ADDRESSES: Lisa Anderson, NAGPRA Coordinator, New York State...belt in either 1882 or 1885 from Martha Hemlock, a Seneca elder on the Cattaraugus...cultural patrimony should contact Lisa Anderson, NAGPRA Coordinator, New York...

2012-12-18

273

Cultural policy, state politics, and rural economic development : lessons from Maine  

E-print Network

This thesis explores how political actors utilize studies of the arts' impact on state economies to boost -the significance of cultural policy within a given political environment. Specifically, this thesis explains how ...

Christmas, Shannon Stewart

2006-01-01

274

Building success : the role of the state in the cultural facility development process  

E-print Network

This thesis investigates the question of what is the current role of the state in the cultural facility development process, and, in light of facility-related warnings that have been made over the years, what role should ...

Choy, Carolyn (Carolyn Anne)

2007-01-01

275

Cultural impacts on public perceptions of agricultural biotechnology: comparison between South Korea and the United States  

E-print Network

transfer and exchange, increasingly requires people in different cultures to make choices about accepting or rejecting artifacts of science and technology such as genetically modified (GM) foods, which originate primarily from the United States...

Nader, Richard Harrison

2007-04-25

276

78 FR 50092 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...control over all excavated material from the site to the Eastern Washington State Historical Society (EWSHS), now known as the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture. In 1989, the EWSHS de- accessioned the objects, and transferred them to...

2013-08-16

277

The cigarette manufacturers' efforts to promote tobacco to the U.S. military.  

PubMed

This article describes findings from review of tobacco industry documents regarding promotion of tobacco to the military, and efforts to influence Department of Defense policies regarding the use and sale of tobacco products. The documents reveal that the industry has targeted the military for decades for reasons including: (1) the volume of worldwide military personnel; (2) the opportunity to attract young men who fit a specific socioeconomic and cultural profile; (3) potential carryover of profits to civilian markets; and (4) the unusual price structure of commissaries and exchanges. The industry used distinctive promotion methods such as in-store merchandising, sponsorships, and even brand development to target the military, both in the United States and abroad during times of conflict. Legislative activity to protect tobacco promotion to this vulnerable population was carried out in response to smoking policy changes proposed by the Department of Defense. The tobacco industry has contributed to the high prevalence of smoking in the military and among veterans. PMID:16435763

Joseph, Anne M; Muggli, Monique; Pearson, Kathryn C; Lando, Harry

2005-10-01

278

SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE  

E-print Network

TERRORWARS SPACEDAILY TERRADAILY MARSDAILY SPACE TRAVEL SPACEMART SPACE DATABASE Endangered Species WeCHANNELS SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE UAV NEWS MILITARY COMMS CYBERWARS MISSILE NEWS RAYGUNS against Kashmiri militants SPACEDAILY NEWS Jan 29, 2004 NASA chief defends Bush's space plans Japan

279

Injuries in the military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In November 1996, the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board (AFEB) Injury Prevention and Control Work Group issued a report that cited injuries as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among military service members. This article reviews the types and categories of military morbidity and mortality data examined by the AFEB work group and the companion Department of Defense (DoD)

Bruce H Jones; Dennis M Perrotta; Michelle L Canham-Chervak; Mary Anne Nee; John F Brundage

2000-01-01

280

Early Childhood Military Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

Pelo, Ann

2011-01-01

281

Advising Transfer Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's students can come from a larger area than just high school. With the entire world's conflicts and today's society, more and more of our present day students may have come from the military ranks. Though we have not come to an actual draft system, more and more modern day students have served their time in the military, to keep America…

Bailey, Steven

2011-01-01

282

Models of Military Expenditure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief review of the extensive empirical literature devoted to explaining levels of military expenditure indicates a wide variety of unreconciled results. However, comparing the alternative models is not straightforward. This paper uses British post-war military expenditures to illustrate some of the methodological issues involved in model comparison, evaluation and selection. Starting from two published models for the U.K., a

R. P. Smith

1989-01-01

283

Corruption and military spending  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anecdotal evidence relates corruption with high levels of military spending. This paper tests empirically whether such a relationship exists. The empirical analysis is based on data from four different sources for up to 120 countries during 1985–1998. The association between military spending and corruption is investigated by using cross-section and panel regression techniques. The results suggest that corruption is associated

Sanjeev Gupta; Luiz de Mello; Raju Sharan

2001-01-01

284

ADHD and the Military  

MedlinePLUS

ADHD and the Military Can't find what you're looking for? Our health information specialists are here to help. Contact us at ... or online . Can Individuals with ADHD Join the Military? Finding accurate information about whether or not individuals ...

285

Substance Abuse in the Military  

MedlinePLUS

... in the Military DrugFacts: Substance Abuse in the Military Email Facebook Twitter Revised March 2013 Members of ... Although illicit drug use is lower among U.S. military personnel than among civilians, heavy alcohol and tobacco ...

286

Cultural determinism, Western hegemony & the efficacy of defective states  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the notion of a defective state, including those designated as ‘weak’, ‘failed’ or ‘collapsed’, has a number of obvious advantages for the West. First and most obviously, it offers an explanation for the faults of the state in question that does not implicate outside forces. Second, it justifies external action to intervene in the internal affairs

Tim Jacoby

2005-01-01

287

The Cultural Life of Capital Punishment: Surveying the Benefits of a Cultural Analysis of Law, Reviewing Austin Sarat, 'When the State Kills: Capital Punishment and the American Condition'  

Microsoft Academic Search

Austin Sarat's 'When the State Kills' seeks to explore the interrelationship between capital punishment and American culture. Utilizing scholarly approaches drawn from sociology, literary criticism, cultural studies, and political science, Sarat illuminates the ways in which the official legal regime of capital punishment creates, reflects, and reinforces broader cultural attitudes about crime and punishment. Moreover, he argues that the destructive

Paul Schiff Berman

2002-01-01

288

Implementation and dissemination of military informed and evidence-based interventions for community dwelling military families.  

PubMed

Community dwelling military families from the National Guard and Reserve contend with deployment-related stressors in relative isolation, living in communities where mental health providers may have little knowledge of military culture. When they are community residents, active duty service members and families tend to live in close proximity to their military installations. This article will focus primarily on the challenges to quality mental health care for reserve component (RC) families. Where studies of RC families are absent, those of active component (AC) families will be highlighted as relevant. Upon completion of a deployment, reintegration for RC families is complicated by high rates of symptomatology, low service utilization, and greater barriers to care relative to AC families. A paucity of providers skilled in evidence-based treatments (EBTs) limits community mental health capacity to serve RC military families. Several emergent programs illustrate the potential for better serving community dwelling military families. Approaches include behavioral health homes, EBTs and treatment components, structured resiliency and parent training, military informed schools, outreach methods, and technology-based coping, and psychoeducation. Methods from implementation science to improve clinical skill acquisition and spread and sustainability of EBTs may advance access to and quality of mental health treatment and are reviewed herein. Recommendations related to research methods, military knowledge and treatment competencies, and transition to a public health model of service delivery are discussed. PMID:23852335

Murphy, Robert A; Fairbank, John A

2013-12-01

289

Multivitamin and protein supplement use is associated with positive mood states and health behaviors in US Military and Coast Guard personnel.  

PubMed

Approximately 60% of Armed Forces personnel regularly consume dietary supplements (DSs). We investigated the association of mood and health behaviors with multiple classes of DSs in military and Coast Guard personnel (N = 5536). Participants completed a survey of DS use and the Quick Mood Scale to assess mood domains of wakeful-drowsiness, relaxed-anxious, cheerful-depressed, friendly-aggression, clearheaded-confused, and well coordinated-clumsy. Supplements were categorized as multivitamin/minerals (MVM), individual vitamin/minerals, protein/amino acid supplements (PS), combination products (C), herbals (H), purported steroid analogs, (S) and other (O). One-way analyses of covariance assessed associations of DSs and perceived health behavior with mood controlling for age. Logistic regression determined associations between DS use and health behavior. Users of MVM and PS reported feeling significantly (P < 0.05) more awake, relaxed, cheerful, clearheaded, and coordinated. Participants using PS and S reported feeling less friendly (more aggressive, P < 0.02). Users of MVM and PS were more likely to report their general health, eating habits, and fitness level as excellent/good (P < 0.05). Participants reporting health behaviors as excellent/good were more (P < 0.01) awake, relaxed, cheerful, friendly, clearheaded, and coordinated. As no known biological mechanisms can explain such diverse effects of MVM and PS use on multiple mood states, health, eating habits, and fitness, we hypothesize these associations are not causal, and DS intake does not alter these parameters per se. Preexisting differences in mood and other health-related behaviors and outcomes between users versus nonusers of DSs could be a confounding factor in studies of DSs. PMID:25122181

Austin, Krista G; McGraw, Susan M; Lieberman, Harris R

2014-10-01

290

Strategic Implications of Culture. Historical Analysis of China's Culture and Implications for United States Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In today's dynamic and multipolar strategic environment there is a heightened potential for greater conflict. One reason for this lies in the different ways in which state and nonstate actors interpret and respond to the myriad challenges and opportunitie...

K. A. Crider

1999-01-01

291

Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

292

Language Fluency and the Evaluation of Cultural Faux Pas: Russians Interviewing for Jobs in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How are nonnatives evaluated when committing cultural faux pas, and how does their fluency in the language of the foreign culture affect the evaluation of their culturally inappropriate behavior? I address these questions in the context of Russian professionals learning to interview for jobs in the United States, an arena of strong cultural

Molinsky, Andrew

2005-01-01

293

CLAM CULTURE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR  

E-print Network

of the United states Departmen· of the Army. #12;DISTRIBUTION OF IMPORTANT EDIBLE BIVALVES OTHER THAN OYSTER japonicaz Ta1ragi · · ··· ... 10 · Sinonovacula constrictal Agemald...... Other Edible Clam Species · · · 1 of Meretrix meretrix lusoria. 9. Devel0JXBent of Meretrix meretrix lusoria. 10. Four Important Edible Clams

294

The Culture of the Classroom in Portugal and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a comparison of the cultures of schools in Portugal and the United States it is noted that in Portugal students have almost unrestricted social freedom but extremely limited pedagogical freedom, while in the United States students have very little social freedom but enjoy a vast amount of pedagogical freedom. (Author/AM)

Grove, Cornelius Lee

1978-01-01

295

Popular culture, discourse and divergent identities: reconstructing South Africa as an African state  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do state elites discursively popularize official representations of world politics and the state's location within it? If the broad public holds contrasting, or at least more sceptical, views, how can these gradually be supplanted or even ultimately obfuscated? Drawing on the role of narratives, this article underlines the significance of popular culture in relation to the construction of national

Janis van der Westhuizen

2008-01-01

296

State Political Culture, Higher Education Spending Indicators, and Undergraduate Graduation Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues concerning higher education today (e.g., rising costs, declining public trust, changing state economics) have created new demands for postsecondary institutions to demonstrate their productivity. We examine whether differences in states' political cultures (i.e., underlying traditions, values, and public policy choices) are reflected…

Heck, Ronald H.; Lam, Wendy S.; Thomas, Scott L.

2014-01-01

297

Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve conference papers on cultural aspects of second language instruction include: "Towards True Multiculturalism: Ideas for Teachers" (Brian McVeigh); Comparing Cultures Through Critical Thinking: Development and Interpretations of Meaningful Observations" (Laurel D. Kamada); "Authority and Individualism in Japan and the USA" (Alisa Woodring);…

1997

298

Culture and home health care policy implementation: A comparative study of the United States and Puerto Rico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines home health care programs formulated in an Anglo dominated American culture when they are implemented in two settings with distinct cultural traditions, Puerto Rico and Indiana. Puerto Rico is a predominantly Hispanic territory of the United States that is subject to American national laws, and Indiana is a Midwestern state that is immersed in American culture, mostly

Minerva Cruz

2008-01-01

299

History of Military Intelligence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is a paucity of material written about the history, development and growth of Military Intelligence. The purpose of this paper is to examine the development of intelligence, both organizationally and functionally, since the turn of the century. The ...

S. C. Conrad

1989-01-01

300

WAR & Military Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Involvement in warfare can have dramatic consequences for the mental health and well-being of military personnel. During the 20th century, US military psychiatrists tried to deal with these consequences while contributing to the military goal of preserving manpower and reducing the debilitating impact of psychiatric syndromes by implementing screening programs to detect factors that predispose individuals to mental disorders, providing early intervention strategies for acute war-related syndromes, and treating long-term psychiatric disability after deployment. The success of screening has proven disappointing, the effects of treatment near the front lines are unclear, and the results of treatment for chronic postwar syndromes are mixed. After the Persian Gulf War, a number of military physicians made innovative proposals for a population-based approach, anchored in primary care instead of specialty-based care. This approach appears to hold the most promise for the future. PMID:17971561

Pols, Hans; Oak, Stephanie

2007-01-01

301

Military Expenditure % of GDP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bar chart ranking countries by military expenditures as a percentage of GDP. Shows the militarization of the Middle East and Africa. The chart, perhaps obviously, is dominated by small countries with small GDPs.

302

Chinese Military Power  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new resource from the Commonwealth Institute's Project on Defense Alternatives (PDA) (reviewed in the January 12, 1999 Scout Report for Social Sciences) offers a gateway to "online analysis and research tools essential to understanding China's military policy, capabilities, and potential." The full-text offerings are accessed through links to a variety of English-language sources, and are grouped by topic, such as Commentary, Military Analyses, Political and Economic Conditions, Regional Context, and US Policy Toward China, among others. In addition, online resources on several special topics (China and the RMA, Arms Trade and Proliferation, Taiwan Confrontation, Cox Report and Aftermath, and China Arsenal) are also provided. Other resources include a bibliography, links to selected research sites, and contact information for a number of specialists in the field. If the site remains regularly updated as promised, it should become a useful current awareness tool for researchers and students studying Chinese military policy and US-China military relations.

303

National Military Family Association  

MedlinePLUS

... move – don’t forget to complete your customer satisfaction survey – your voice counts! DoDEA Announces Public School ... adventures of military life. Download the App » Access User Portal » Become a Sponsor » partner icons here Be ...

304

Military Science Chair and Professor  

E-print Network

198 Military Science Chair and Professor Lieutenant Colonel Charles R. Reed Assistant Professors will have an understanding of the funda- mental concepts and principles of the military as an art in both their civilian endeavors and in their military careers. Degree Requirements for Military Science

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

305

Translating Sexual Assault Prevention from a College Campus to a United States Military Installation: Piloting the Know-Your-Power Bystander Social Marketing Campaign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One population that shares both similar and different characteristics with traditional college-age students is the U.S. Military. Similarities include a high concentration of 18- to 26-year-olds dealing with new found independence, peer pressure, and the presence of social norms that support violence and hypermasculinity. Sexual violence is a…

Potter, Sharyn J.; Stapleton, Jane G.

2012-01-01

306

The role of the United States military in the development of vector control products, including insect repellents, insecticides, and bed nets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arthropod-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, scrub typhus, and leishmaniasis continue to pose a significant threat to U.S. military forces deployed in support of operational and humanitarian missions. These diseases are transmitted by a variety of arthropods, including mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, sand flies, and biting midges. In addition to disease threats, biting arthropods can cause dermatitis, allergic reactions, and sleep

Lynn W. Kitchen; Kendra L. Lawrence; Russell E. Coleman

307

20 Years Later: Professional Military Education. Testimony before the Sub-Committee on Oversight and Investigations, Armed Services Committee, United States House of Representatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Pentagon is currently undertaking a congressionally mandated Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) of strategy, force structure, missions, and resources. One issue that should be on the table is defining professional military education requirements. The current system is inadequate. The Department of Defense (DOD) should restructure it to…

Carafano, James

2009-01-01

308

To Design or Not to Design (Part Four): Taking Lines out of Non-Linear; How Design Must Escape 'Tacticization' Bias of Military Culture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fifteen pages of design doctrine in FM5-0 Chapter 3 Design introduces non-linear open system concepts while paradoxically recommending traditional linear methodology for transforming these dynamic open systems into the desired state. While the first e...

B. Zweibelson

2011-01-01

309

Southern Military Interests in the Crimean War  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the Crimean War, which pitted Russia against Turkey, Britain, and France, erupted in the mid-nineteenth century, the Southern section (the states of the future Confederacy) of the United States followed the battles and military maneuvers of the conflict intently. Generals, heroes, and tactics of all the belligerents were subjects of speculation. Poems, parodies, and articles were rife in Southern

Horace Perry Jones

2012-01-01

310

Suicide in Different Cultures: A Thematic Comparison of Suicide Notes From Turkey and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide is a global concern, hence, cross-cultural research ought to be central; yet, there is a paucity of cross-cultural study in suicidology. A thematic or theoretical-conceptual analysis of 60 suicide notes drawn from Turkey and the United States, matched for age and sex, was undertaken, based on Leenaars’s empirical-based multidimensional model of suicide. The results suggested that there were more

Antoon A. Leenaars; Asl?han Sayin; Selçuk Candansayar; Lindsey Leenaars; Taner Akar; Birol Demirel

2010-01-01

311

An Empirical Study of the Cultural Statements of Chinese State-Owned Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a As the pillar industry of national economy, China’s large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises (SOEs) need to advance\\u000a their management system further. A systematic strategy focusing on culture building is critical for the success of such a\\u000a transformation. In order to evaluate the degree to which the cultural construction of SOEs has arrived and whether it can\\u000a support the development of

Jie Li

312

United States and Brazil : Expanding Frontiers, Comparing Cultures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extremely compelling website, dedicated to examining the interactions between Brazil and the United States from the 18th century to the present, grew out of discussions between Dr. James H. Billington, the Librarian of Congress, and the former President of Brazil, Fernando Hernrique Cardoso. Developed under the auspices of the Global Gateway program at the Library of Congress, the site contains an impressive amount of primary source materials, including maps, rare books, prints, photographs, and manuscripts. When completed, the project will contain materials organized around four primary themes, but currently only the theme of Historical Foundations is complete. As might be expected, the site is presented in both Portuguese and English, and a powerful multifaceted search engine will help guide users to particular documents of interest. Browsing through the Historical Foundations section of the site, visitors will find a timeline (complete with accompanying visual materials), and five separate sections dedicated to exploration, the colonial period, and so on.

Billington, James H.; Cardoso, Fernando H.

313

Hong Kong and China: The Military and Political Implications of Reversion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Hong Kong reversion will have no significant impact upon the military balance in the Asia-Pacific region. Political and economic concerns far outweigh military considerations. The United States has only limited ability to affect the transition in Hong Kon...

D. J. Blasko, R. N. Montaperto

1997-01-01

314

An update of military robotics activities  

SciTech Connect

Military unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are beginning to break new ground that will strongly affect the future development of robotics. Current and planned future demonstrations of new UGV technologies are aiding in the maturation of control and navigation technologies critical to remotely controlled, supervised, and autonomous robots. The United States and its allies are spending millions of dollars to develop UGVs for military applications. The first systems will be deployed by the year 2000. The United States is leading the way, and its program is focused on the tactical UGV (TUGV) for the US Army and Marine Corps.

Lovece, J.A. (L B Ltd., Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

315

Calcite saturation state effects on cultured benthic foraminiferal trace-element distribution coefficients  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Field studies have suggested that calcite saturation states (Ømega) near and below saturation alter trace element distribution coefficients in benthic foraminifera. Recent benthic foraminiferal culture experiments at the University of South Carolina investigated the response of trace element signatures to three different calcite saturation seawater environments by manipulating total alkalinity (TA). Starting with near-surface Gulf Stream water (Ømega = 3, TA=2380 ?eq kg-1), two seawater reservoirs were titrated with HCl to lower their calcite saturation states (Ømega = 2, TA = 1910 ?eq kg-1; Ømega = 1.1, TA = 1320 ?eq kg-1). Mixed-species foraminiferal assemblages, with the calcite-specific fluorescent label calcein, were inoculated into 13 total culture chambers evenly distributed among the control and 2 treatment seawater reservoirs. These cultures were maintained at 7.2 ± 0.1 °C temperature and 36.6 ± 0.4 ‰ salinity for 8 months. Total alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon, measured biweekly, characterized the carbonate system and verified that the calcite saturation state remained stable over the culture duration. Trace element concentrations were also measured biweekly. Foraminiferal reproduction ( Bulimina marginata) was observed in each seawater chemistry. These individuals were utilized for trace element and stable isotope (data not presented here) analysis. Additionally, terminal chambers precipitated in alkalinity-adjusted cultures were identified by the absence of the pre-culture calcein label used on all inoculated foraminifera. These cultured chambers were separated by laser microdissection and analyzed for trace element content by isotope dilution inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. We present the initial results of these trace element distribution coefficients measured in cultured benthic foraminifera from three different Ømega. This research was funded by National Science Foundation grants OCE-0351029 and OCE-0437366.

Hintz, C. J.; Shaw, T. J.; Chandler, G. T.; McCorkle, D. C.; Bernhard, J. M.; Blanks, J. K.

2006-12-01

316

Vibrio cholerae classical biotype is converted to the viable non-culturable state when cultured with the El Tor biotype.  

PubMed

A unique event in bacterial epidemiology was the emergence of the El Tor biotype of Vibrio cholerae O1 and the subsequent rapid displacement of the existing classical biotype as the predominant cause of epidemic cholera. We demonstrate that when the El Tor and classical biotypes were cocultured in standard laboratory medium a precipitous decline in colony forming units (CFU) of the classical biotype occurred in a contact dependent manner. Several lines of evidence including DNA release, microscopy and flow cytometric analysis indicated that the drastic reduction in CFU of the classical biotype in cocultures was not accompanied by lysis, although when the classical biotype was grown individually in monocultures, lysis of the cells occurred concomitant with decrease in CFU starting from late stationary phase. Furthermore, uptake of a membrane potential sensitive dye and protection of genomic DNA from extracellular DNase strongly suggested that the classical biotype cells in cocultures retained viability in spite of loss of culturability. These results suggest that coculturing the classical biotype with the El Tor biotype protects the former from lysis allowing the cells to remain viable in spite of the loss of culturability. The stationary phase sigma factor RpoS may have a role in the loss of culturability of the classical biotype in cocultures. Although competitive exclusion of closely related strains has been reported for several bacterial species, conversion of the target bacterial population to the viable non-culturable state has not been demonstrated previously and may have important implications in the evolution of bacterial strains. PMID:23326443

Pradhan, Subhra; Mallick, Sanjaya K; Chowdhury, Rukhsana

2013-01-01

317

Bases, Bullets, and Ballots: The Effect of U.S. Military Aid on Political Conflict in Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does foreign military assistance strengthen or further weaken fragile states facing internal confict? We address this question by estimating how U.S. military aid affects violence and electoral participation in Colombia. We exploit the allocation of U.S. military aid to Colombian military bases, and compare how aid affects municipalities with and without bases. Using detailed political violence data, we find that

Oeindrila Dube; Suresh Naidu

2010-01-01

318

Aerospace and military  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews military and aerospace developments of 1989. The Voyager spacecraft returned astounding imagery from Neptune, sophisticated sensors were launched to explore Venus and Jupiter, and another craft went into earth orbit to explore cosmic rays, while a huge telescope is to be launched early in 1990. The U.S. space shuttle redesign was completed and access to space has become no longer purely a governmental enterprise. In the military realm, events within the Soviet bloc, such as the Berlin Wall's destruction, have popularized arms control. Several big treaties could be signed within the year. Massive troop, equipment, and budget reductions are being considered, along with a halt or delay of major new weapons systems. For new missions, the U.S. military is retreating to its role of a century ago - patrolling the nation's borders, this time against narcotics traffickers.

Adam, J.A.; Esch, K

1990-01-01

319

Guide to Military-Loan Film (16mm).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 1,400 16 millimeter films are listed which are available from United States military organizations. They are free of charge for public, non-profit exhibition and cover a widely diverse range of subjects including vocational education, military history, industrial safety, transportation, and public works. The guide lists these films in…

1969

320

Finding a Balance: Health Promotion Challenges of Military Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we explored what may determine, or predict, United States military women's health promotion behaviors. Using a descriptive correlational design grounded in Pender's Health Promotion model, 491 military women completed instruments measuring their demographic variables, perception of health, definition of health, self-efficacy, and interpersonal influences to determine the significant factors affecting participation in health promotion activities. The outcome

Janice Griffin Agazio; Kathleen M. Buckley

2010-01-01

321

A Plan to Implement a Pre-Military Development Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides technical and practical assistance to teams of professionals who are interested in replicating a premilitary program. The stated purpose for the program is to help prepare young men and women to become qualified for military recruitment so they might reap the benefits provided by the military as well as civilian opportunities.…

Cotton, Gail, Ed.; Mannino, Lewie, Ed.

322

A technique for determining viable military logistics support alternatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

A look at today's US military will see them operating much beyond the scope of protecting and defending the United States. These operations now consist of, but are not limited to humanitarian aid, disaster relief, peace keeping, and conflict resolution. This broad spectrum of operational environments has necessitated a transformation of the individual military services to a hybrid force that

Jesse Stuart Hester

2009-01-01

323

Limits of Leverage US Influence and the Turkish Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Among the Important, albeit secondary, tasks of the United States military is to work with selected foreign militaries to help make them more effective security partners. Efforts to this end range from co-production of weapons systems to officer exchanges...

J. J. Boris

1999-01-01

324

Developing serious games for cultural heritage: a state-of-the-art review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the widespread use of gaming for leisure purposes has been well documented, the use of games to support cultural\\u000a heritage purposes, such as historical teaching and learning, or for enhancing museum visits, has been less well considered.\\u000a The state-of-the-art in serious game technology is identical to that of the state-of-the-art in entertainment games technology.\\u000a As a result, the field

Eike Falk Anderson; Leigh McLoughlin; Fotis Liarokapis; Christopher Peters; Panagiotis Petridis; Sara de Freitas

2010-01-01

325

"Their Little Wooden Bricks": A History of the Material Culture of Kindergarten in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the material culture of kindergarten in the United States in relation to the production and consumption of materials and kindergarten theory and pedagogy. The focus is on Friedrich Froebel's building gifts as they were manufactured and sold by the Milton Bradley Company from 1869 to 1939. A review of trade catalogues over the…

Prochner, Larry

2011-01-01

326

Enhanced Oxygen Delivery Reverses Anaerobic Metabolic States in Prolonged Sandwich Rat Hepatocyte Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

It must be assumed that current petri dish primary hepatocyte culture models do not supply sufficient amounts of oxygen and thus cause anaerobic metabolism of the cells. This is contrary to the physiologic state of the cells.In vivothe liver is a highly vascularized organ with a rather high blood flow rate of a mixture of arterial and venous blood. The

A. Bader; N. Frühauf; M. Tiedge; M. Drinkgern; L. De Bartolo; J. T. Borlak; G. Steinhoff; A. Haverich

1999-01-01

327

Preschool in Three Cultures Revisited: China, Japan, and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published twenty years ago, the original "Preschool in Three Cultures" was a landmark in the study of education: a profoundly enlightening exploration of the different ways preschoolers are taught in China, Japan, and the United States. Here, lead author Joseph Tobin--along with new collaborators Yeh Hsueh and Mayumi Karasawa--revisits his…

Tobin, Joseph; Hsueh, Yeh; Karasawa, Mayumi

2009-01-01

328

The importance of the viable but non-culturable state in human bacterial pathogens.  

PubMed

Many bacterial species have been found to exist in a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state since its discovery in 1982. VBNC cells are characterized by a loss of culturability on routine agar, which impairs their detection by conventional plate count techniques. This leads to an underestimation of total viable cells in environmental or clinical samples, and thus poses a risk to public health. In this review, we present recent findings on the VBNC state of human bacterial pathogens. The characteristics of VBNC cells, including the similarities and differences to viable, culturable cells and dead cells, and different detection methods are discussed. Exposure to various stresses can induce the VBNC state, and VBNC cells may be resuscitated back to culturable cells under suitable stimuli. The conditions that trigger the induction of the VBNC state and resuscitation from it are summarized and the mechanisms underlying these two processes are discussed. Last but not least, the significance of VBNC cells and their potential influence on human health are also reviewed. PMID:24917854

Li, Laam; Mendis, Nilmini; Trigui, Hana; Oliver, James D; Faucher, Sebastien P

2014-01-01

329

National Culture-Management Practices: United States and Saudi Arabia Contrasted.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful conduct of business in Saudi Arabia requires attitudes and skills significantly different from those needed in the United States. Distinct societal differences can turn winning practices in one culture into failures in another. Despite Saudi Arabia's recent emergence as a wealthy marketplace, traditional values and a unique lifestyle…

Hashmi, Mahmud S.

330

Teaching at the University Level: Cross-Cultural Perspectives from the United States and Russia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in what constitutes effective teaching in Pre-K-12 and higher education is nearly universal. This important text explores this interest at the college and university level from a unique, international perspective. "Teaching at the University Level: Cross-Cultural Perspectives from the United States and Russia" brings to one publication…

Wiseman, Dennis G.; Hunt, Gilbert H.; Zhukov, Vassiliy I.; Mardahaev, Lev V.

2007-01-01

331

Distance Higher Education Experiences of Arab Gulf Students in the United States: A Cultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a phenomenological research study that was undertaken to provide cultural understanding about the nature of distance education experiences of Arab graduate students pursuing degree programs in the United States. As a theoretical framework, Hofstede's international difference dimensions and Hall's concept of low and high…

Al-Harthi, Aisha S.

2005-01-01

332

Adolescent Girls' Need for Love in Two Cultures--Nigeria and the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares a junior novel from the United States with one from Nigeria--Bette Greene's "Summer of My German Soldier" with Buchi Emecheta's "The Bride Price." Suggests that their similarity can inspire children from a variety of backgrounds to an awareness and appreciation of different cultures. (MM)

Osa, Osayimwense

1983-01-01

333

SHIMCHEONG PSYCHOLOGY: A CASE OF AN EMOTIONAL STATE FOR CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shimcheong is a Korean vernacular representing an aroused mind state precipitated by a relational event in we-ness relationship. Shimcheong is a complex cultural emotion for Koreans which plays vital roles in interpersonal relationships in everyday lives. Koreans react very sensitively to other's shimcheong as well as to their own, and consider those contents of shimcheong very important in maintaining the

Sang-Chin Choi; Gyuseog Han

334

The Cultural-Economic Impact of the State University College at Oswego.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economic and cultural impact of the State University of New York (SUNY) at Oswego on the local economy is reviewed. The following areas are covered: the community in historical perspective (1861-1970); the college in historical perspective (1861-1970); changes in the size, nature, and structure of the community, 1950-70; and growth of the…

Garber, Herbert

335

Contact and Connection: A Cross-Cultural Look at Parenting Styles in Bali and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that a culturally approved style of nonverbal parent-infant interaction influences the unfolding parent-child relationship and the child's social development. The author, an anthropologist, compares parenting styles in the "low-contact" culture of the United States with parenting in the "high-contact" culture of Bali. The…

Kestenberg-Amighi, Janet

2004-01-01

336

Sports Concussion vs. Military Concussion  

MedlinePLUS

... common cause of combat-related injury in the military and are the most common cause of combat- ... being forthcoming about their symptoms. In both the military and sports, the initial focus during the acute ...

337

Military Veterans (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... for savings Contact Us Site Search Search Military veterans Health care coverage options for military veterans If you're enrolled in TRICARE or the Veterans health care program, you're considered covered under the ...

338

Outsourcing: Reforms Imperative to Restoring Military Capabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Overreliance on outsourcing Department of Defense (DoD) functions to private contractors is undermining the organic strength and capabilities of the United States military. Since the end of the Cold War there has been a steady rise in the use of private b...

M. M. Williams

2008-01-01

339

The Challenge of Military Surgical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Now that field hospitals and rescue stations have been provided with state-of-the-art equipment, it is important to tailor the medical qualifications of military surgeons to the specific requirements of missions outside Germany. The objective of this article is to provide guidelines for a new training model. Einsatzchirurgie is defined as surgical treatment provided under restricted conditions in an unfamiliar environment.

Horst Peter Becker; Heinz Gerngross; Robert Schwab

2005-01-01

340

Military jet activity and Sonoran pronghorn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Forty percent of the habitat for the endangered Sonoran pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) in the United States is on the Barry M. Goldwater Range (BMGR), a bombing and gunnery range located in southwestern Arizona, USA. Wildlife and land managers have expressed concerns that military aircraft activity may be detrimental to Sonoran pronhom. We observed the response of Sonoran pronghorn

P. R. Krausman; Lisa K. Harris

2002-01-01

341

Aerospace and military  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews military and aerospace developments of 1989. The Voyager spacecraft returned astounding imagery from Neptune, sophisticated sensors were launched to explore Venus and Jupiter, and another craft went into earth orbit to explore cosmic rays, while a huge telescope is to be launched early in 1990. The U.S. space shuttle redesign was completed and access to space has

J. A. Adam; K Esch

1990-01-01

342

PUTIN AND MILITARY REFORM  

Microsoft Academic Search

V ladimir Putin was faced with a military that was in a mess when he took over. Morale was at rock bottom, junior officers were leaving in droves, equipment and weapons were failing, soldiers were deserting, the draft was a joke, crime was on the rise, planes were crashing, and most important, Chechnya remained a major distraction. Putting the Russian

DALE R. HERSPRING

343

HIV ban in military.  

PubMed

The Defense Department has written into its budget a proposal to discharge all HIV-positive members of the armed services. The House Committee on National Security has approved the fiscal 1996 defense budget with the ban included. Rep. Robert K. Dornan, R- Calif., contends that having HIV-positive service members in the military compromises the nation's readiness because, under Defense Department policy, they cannot be stationed abroad. However, only one-fifth of all service members on limited assignment have HIV, the others have diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. This shows the military's readiness to discriminate against HIV-positive individuals, according to William J. Freeman of the National Association of People with AIDS. Currently all recruits are tested for HIV; if they test positive, they are denied entry to the armed services. All service members are tested annually for HIV antibodies. In anticipation of cutbacks in military-related AIDS research due to the Republican control of Congress, the military has begun to eliminate most of the AIDS research it conducts. PMID:11362530

1995-06-16

344

Resilience among Military Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present their approach to understanding resilience among military connected young people, and they discuss some of the gaps in their knowledge. They begin by defining resilience, and then present a theoretical model of how young people demonstrate resilient functioning. Next they consider some of the research on…

Easterbrooks, M. Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M.

2013-01-01

345

Understanding the Military Medical Evaluation Process  

MedlinePLUS

... how!. Apply Now Home » Casualty Assistance Understanding the Military Medical Evaluation Process The military’s medical evaluation process ... WEBINAR All Webinars Dec. 10, 2014 Medicaid and Military Families: An Introduction Learn more and register for ...

346

Private Military Industry: Economic Analysis, Uses & Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Different customers in different ages have used private military members as part of their military operations. After the Cold War era, a new form of Private Military Industry emerged. Companies serving in both military support and offensive operations and...

E. Sokmen

2007-01-01

347

Military Science Chair and Professor  

E-print Network

219 Military Science Chair and Professor Lieutenant Colonel Brian Whalen Assistant Professors will have an understanding of the funda- mental concepts and principles of the military as an art in both their civilian endeavors and in their military careers. Degree Requirements Rice does not offer

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

348

On the move Advancing military  

E-print Network

On the move Advancing military logistics toward sense-and-respond IBM Global Business Services nations, the military moves far more people, equipment and supplies than the average commercial enterprise. The very nature of military operations makes logistics a defining capability. To accomplish missions

349

DEFERMENT REQUEST: MILITARY SERVICE DEFERMENT  

E-print Network

MIL DEFERMENT REQUEST: · MILITARY SERVICE DEFERMENT · POST-ACTIVE DUTY STUDENT DEFERMENT Federal read the entire form. For the Military Service Deferment, a representative may complete and sign. (A) o Military Service Deferment. I meet the eligibility requirements for this deferment as described

Reif, John H.

350

MILITARY LEAVE CHECKLIST EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY  

E-print Network

MILITARY LEAVE CHECKLIST EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY 1. Discuss your Leave of Absence with your Supervisor. 2. For additional information on Leaves of Absence, and to obtain the Military Leave Request Form Responsibilities and Instructions for Completion of Military Leave Request Form" which is part of the Request form

Wu, Shin-Tson

351

Makers of Modern Strategy: Military  

E-print Network

Makers of Modern Strategy: Military Thought from Machiavelli to Hitler Edited by Edward Mead Earle provided a history of military strat- egy from Machiavelli to the present age. Published in the middle of World War II, the volume analyzed and described the ideas of the major military thinkers and strategists

Landweber, Laura

352

Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 cemml@cemml.colostate.edu  

E-print Network

Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (970) 491-2748 · cemml@cemml.colostate.edu http://www.cemml.colostate.edu Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands Who We Are. The Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML) at Colorado State University is a team

353

27 CFR 447.57 - U.S. military defense articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true U.S. military defense articles. 447.57 Section...Miscellaneous Provisions § 447.57 U.S. military defense articles. (a)(1) Notwithstanding...parts 478 or 479 of this chapter, no military defense article of United States...

2011-04-01

354

27 CFR 447.57 - U.S. military defense articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false U.S. military defense articles. 447.57 Section...Miscellaneous Provisions § 447.57 U.S. military defense articles. (a)(1) Notwithstanding...parts 478 or 479 of this chapter, no military defense article of United States...

2010-04-01

355

3 CFR 8375 - Proclamation 8375 of May 8, 2009. Military Spouse Day, 2009  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Proclamation 8375 of May 8, 2009. Military Spouse Day, 2009 8375 Proclamation...Proclamation 8375 of May 8, 2009 Proc. 8375 Military Spouse Day, 2009By the President of...States of America A Proclamation Military spouses share the sacrifices of...

2010-01-01

356

27 CFR 447.57 - U.S. military defense articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true U.S. military defense articles. 447.57 Section...Miscellaneous Provisions § 447.57 U.S. military defense articles. (a)(1) Notwithstanding...parts 478 or 479 of this chapter, no military defense article of United States...

2012-04-01

357

Smoking cross-culturally: risk perceptions among young adults in Denmark and the United States.  

PubMed

Research examining smokers' understanding of their smoking risk reveals that smokers acknowledge some risk but often deny or minimize personal risk. We examined risk perceptions of lung cancer among smokers and non-smokers in a smoking-lenient (Denmark) and a smoking-prohibitive (the United States) culture. Participants were 275 Danish students attending trade schools (mean age 22.6 years) and 297 US students attending community colleges in Florida (mean age 23.6 years). Results revealed cross-cultural differences suggesting that Danish smokers showed greater risk minimization than US smokers. In addition, in both countries the risk of a typical smoker was rated as lower by smokers than non-smokers, and smokers rated their personal risk as lower than they rated the risk of the typical smoker. Cross-cultural differences in moralization of smoking might be one explanation for these findings. PMID:20186641

Helweg-Larsen, Marie; Nielsen, Gert A

2009-01-01

358

Does culture affect divorce? evidence from European immigrants in the United States.  

PubMed

This article explores the role of culture in determining divorce by examining country-of-origin differences in divorce rates of immigrants in the United States. Because childhood-arriving immigrants are all exposed to a common set of U.S. laws and institutions, we interpret relationships between their divorce tendencies and home-country divorce rates as evidence of the effect of culture. Our results are robust to controlling for several home-country variables, including average church attendance and gross domestic product (GDP). Moreover, specifications with country-of-origin fixed effects suggest that immigrants from countries with low divorce rates are especially less likely to be divorced if they reside among a large number of coethnics. Supplemental analyses indicate that divorce culture has a stronger impact on the divorce decisions of females than of males, pointing to a potentially gendered nature of divorce taboos. PMID:23322379

Furtado, Delia; Marcén, Miriam; Sevilla, Almudena

2013-06-01

359

Kentucky Military Treasures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Kentucky Veterans Trust Fund and the Kentucky Historical Society Foundation, the Kentucky Military Treasures site profiles the stories and experiences of veterans from the 18th century all the way up to the current day. The stories bring together artifacts, primary documents, and photographs to help enrich these unique stories. First-time visitors should peruse the timeline to get a sense of the ways in which Kentuckians have contributed to military conflicts large and small across the globe. In the "Signature Stories" area, visitors can learn about Richard M. Johnson of Beargrass, Kentucky. He was known for his leadership at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, and his story his told through four artifacts, including a powder horn and a cannon from the period. The "Curator's Corner" features an introduction from director of the Kentucky Historical Society, Kent Whitworth, and other comments on flags and weapons from curators at the Society. [KMG

360

Women in Military Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American women have participated in and made significant contributions to the defense of this nation during both war and peace times. Their contributions, however, have gone largely unacknowledged and unrewarded. The history of women serving in defense of our nation began more than 220 years ago with women who served in the American Revolution and continues with those who serve today. The Women's Memorial Web site is dedicated to recognizing the achievements of women who have served in the military and also honors other women who have served in direct support of the US armed forces, particularly during times of war or conflict. The site offers historical data on valiant women who served in America's military as well as educational resources for teachers and students. It also provides information on how to plan a trip to the Women's Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery, where the women who have served in this country's armed forces are individually and collectively honored.

1997-01-01

361

PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS  

E-print Network

1 PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY LANDS COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY NAME: WORK LOCATION: APPRAISAL PERIOD: SUPERVISOR: The overall performance rating for the entire and difficult to achieve because it represents consistently exceptional and documented performance

362

77 FR 28759 - Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...military spouses' resilience and service, First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill Biden launched the Joining Forces initiative...priorities of our Nation. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, by...

2012-05-16

363

17.952 Great Power Military Intervention, Spring 2004  

E-print Network

The purpose of this seminar is to examine systematically, and comparatively, great and middle power military interventions into civil wars during the 1990's. These civil wars were high on the policy agenda of western states ...

Posen, Barry

364

Reducing the risks: A new agenda for military-to-military talks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the need to promote military-to-military talks with foreign powers as part of an effort to prevent accidental nuclear war brought about by accidents, provocative military exercises, false alarms, malfunctioning communications. Topics discussed include false warnings, improved communications links, talking military doctrine, unauthorized military activities, weapons safety and security issues, and forms of military-to-military talks.

2009-01-01

365

Military display performance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

2012-06-01

366

Providing care to military personnel and their families: how we can all contribute.  

PubMed

Providing medical care to members of the military and their families remains a societal duty carried out not only by military physicians but also, and in large part, by civilian providers. As many military families are geographically dispersed, it is probable that all physicians at some point in their training or careers will care for this unique patient population. Understanding the military culture can help physicians provide the best care possible to our military families, and inclusion of military cultural competency curricula in all medical schools is a first step in advancing this understanding. The authors review the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that all health professionals should acquire to be able to care for those who serve and offer recommendations for developing these among all students and trainees. PMID:24979291

Gleeson, Todd D; Hemmer, Paul A

2014-09-01

367

Increasing Efficiency in Military Learning: Theoretical Considerations and Practical Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the fundamental importance of higher-order cognitive skills for military personnel, increasing learning efficiency during training is paramount. The current article expands upon the state-based information-loss processing model, a comprehensive framework elucidating the processes involved in acquiring higher-order cognitive skills, to enumerate best practices for military training. Emphasis is placed on identifying empirically supported, state-of-the-art learning efficiency strategies and methodologies

Jennifer J. Vogel-Walcutt; Teresa Marino Carper; Clint Bowers; Denise Nicholson

2010-01-01

368

Competence, risk, and resilience in military families: conceptual commentary.  

PubMed

This commentary highlights conceptual themes in the opening section of this special issue on military families in relation to a new synthesis of developmental systems theory that emerged from developmental, ecological, and family systems theory, as well as developmental psychopathology and risk/resilience frameworks. Articles in this special issue draw on these concepts to characterize and guide the burgeoning research on military families. This perspective emphasizes that multiple dynamic systems interact across levels to shape individual development, as well as the function of families and military units. Developmental timing is important for understanding how challenges of military life may impact individuals and families. Cascade effects are noted, where stress experienced by one family or service member can influence the function of other individuals or larger systems. Capacity for resilience is distributed across systems, including families and cultures, as well as resources or supports provided by military organizations to foster adaptive responses or recovery. These systems include schools and educational programs that play key roles in fostering and supporting resilience for children. Overall, developmental system concepts have considerable utility for guiding research with military families, particularly in regard to promoting resilience. Moreover, lessons learned from military families and programs may have much broader implications for many other nonmilitary children, families, and organizations that share similar goals and challenges. PMID:23877370

Masten, Ann S

2013-09-01

369

Reengineering gender relations in modern militaries: an evolutionary perspective.  

PubMed

This article presents an evolutionary framework for understanding the sexual assault of women in the military. We specify the evolutionary underpinnings of tensions among heterosexual males, among heterosexual females, and between males and females and discuss how these tensions have played out in the strongly gendered context of warrior culture. In the absence of cultural interventions that take into account deep-seated conceptions of women in the military as unwelcome intruders, sexual resources for military men, or both, military women operate in an environment in which sexual assault may be deployed to enact and defend traditional military structures. We discuss how unit norms are likely to affect the choice of strategies by men and by women and how the resulting behaviors-including celibacy, consensual sex, and sexual assault-should affect horizontal and vertical unit cohesion. The framework is intended to guide future data collection in theoretically coherent ways and to inform the framing and enforcement of policies regarding both consensual and non-consensual sex among military personnel. PMID:21534098

Hannagan, Rebecca J; Arrow, Holly

2011-01-01

370

Military sexual trauma: a silent syndrome.  

PubMed

This article examines an age-old problem-sexual assault-through the lens of its occurrence within the military culture. Specific cases as well as U.S. Department of Defense responses to better handle these issues are offered to educate psychiatric-mental health nurses of the potential differences in symptomatology and presentation of military sexual trauma (MST). This appears to be an increasing problem with the predicted cohort of returning veterans appearing both in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs system as well as in civilian locations, hospitals, community centers, and especially the workplace. It will be critical to develop training materials and pursue further research to identify this silent syndrome of MST to better meet the needs of our returning veterans. PMID:23330799

Burgess, Ann W; Slattery, Donna M; Herlihy, Patricia A

2013-02-01

371

Behavior of Transition State Regulator AbrB in Batch Cultures of Bacillus thuringiensis.  

PubMed

The transition state regulator AbrB is involved in the regulation of various cellular functions such as exponential growth, transition state and sporulation onset, due to its ability to activate, suppress or prevent the inappropriate expression of various genes in Bacillus subtilis. In order to understand combined behavior in batch cultures of AbrB in Bacillus thuringiensis, we cloned and expressed the abrB gene of B. thuringiensis in Escherichia coli. The deduced sequence of abrB gene coded for a protein consisting of 94 amino acids with ~10.5 kDa protein that shares 100 and 85 % identity with those from Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis. The recombinant AbrB protein was used as antigen for the production of rabbit polyclonal antibodies anti-AbrB. Two media cultures with carbon: nitrogen ratios of 7.0, but varying access to nutrients were tested in batch cultures. In the case of both media, AbrB accumulation occurred from the beginning of the process and was maximal during early exponential growth. Thereafter, the level of AbrB decreased when there were no nutrient limitations and coincided with a decreased value in specific growth rate, although growth continued exponentially. Nonetheless, sporulation onset was determined 3 h and 4 h later, in media with highly metabolizable nutrients clean medium and Farrera medium, respectively. Hence, the maximal level of AbrB accumulation in batch cultures of B. thuringiensis is not influenced by limiting nutrients; however, nutrient availability affects the required time lapse for transition state regulator accumulation. PMID:25002359

Lozano Goné, Astrid Magdalena; Dinorín Téllez Girón, Jabel; Jiménez Montejo, Fabiola Eloisa; Hidalgo-Lara, María Eugenia; López Y López, Víctor Eric

2014-11-01

372

Synchronous environmental and cultural change in the prehistory of the northeastern United States  

PubMed Central

Climatic changes during the late Quaternary have resulted in substantial, often abrupt, rearrangements of terrestrial ecosystems, but the relationship between these environmental changes and prehistoric human culture and population size remains unclear. Using a database of archaeological radiocarbon dates alongside a network of paleoecological records (sedimentary pollen and charcoal) and paleoclimatic reconstructions, we show that periods of cultural and demographic change in the northeastern United States occurred at the same times as the major environmental-climatic transitions of that region. At 11.6, 8.2, 5.4, and 3.0 kyr BP (103 calendar years before present), changes in forest composition altered the distribution, availability, and predictability of food resources which triggered technological adjustments manifested in the archaeological record. Human population level has varied in response to these external changes in ecosystems, but the adoption of maize agriculture during the late Holocene also resulted in a substantial population increase. This study demonstrates the long-term interconnectedness of prehistoric human cultures and the ecosystems they inhabited, and provides a consolidated environmental-cultural framework from which more interdisciplinary research and discussion can develop. Moreover, it emphasizes the complex nature of human responses to environmental change in a temperate region. PMID:21135208

Munoz, Samuel E.; Gajewski, Konrad; Peros, Matthew C.

2010-01-01

373

Differential client perspectives on therapy in Argentina and the United States: a cross-cultural study.  

PubMed

Although there is a growing body of research in both cross-cultural issues in psychotherapy and in the client's perspective, little is known about differences or similarities in the way clients from different cultures, particularly those from different nations, subjectively experience therapy. The present study addressed this gap through a qualitative analysis of interviews with former therapy clients in Argentina and the United States. The researchers used a consensual qualitative research (CQR; C. E. Hill, B. J. Thompson, & E. N. Williams, 1997, A guide to conducting consensual qualitative research, The Counseling Psychologist, Vol. 25, pp. 517-572; C. E. Hill, S. Knox, B. J. Thompson, E. N. Williams, S. A. Hess, & N. Ladany, 2005, Consensual qualitative research: An update, Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol. 52, pp. 196-205) methodology and provide illustrative examples from the raw transcripts. Among other differences, Argentine and U.S. participants differed in their experience of the therapy setting, the interventions their therapists used, and in the types of change they reported to result from therapy. Also notable, Argentine participants spoke a great deal more about change than U.S. participants. Results are preliminary, but provide implications for the adaptation of treatments to different cultures and for the cross-cultural validity of researchers' and policymakers' current definitions of treatment efficacy. PMID:24295460

Jock, William; Bolger, Kelly Wagner; Gómez Penedo, Juan Martin; Waizmann, Vanina; Olivera, Julieta; Roussos, Andrés Jorge

2013-12-01

374

SCIPR: A Computational Model to Simulate Cultural Identities for Predicting Reactions to Events  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's military missions are not against other nation- states. Rather, they are against irregular forces engaged in terrorist or insurgent activities. A large part of waging successful counter-insurgency campaigns involves reducing or eliminating local support for the insurgents by convincing people that it is in not in their interest to support or join an insurgency. The Simulation of Cultural Identities

Rebecca A. Grier; Bruce Skarin; Alexander Lubyansky; Lawrence Wolpert

375

Reverse Acculturation: A New Cultural Phenomenon Examined Through an Emerging Wedding Practice of Korean Americans in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relatively recent Korean immigration to the United States has brought a new development in acculturation, which is recognized as reverse acculturation. The term is coined here for the first time to refer to the cultural practice wherein a fully acculturated U.S.-born minority member introduces the heritage culture to the U.S. society. At the individual level, the cultural development goes from

Younghee Kim; Sung-Yeon Park

2009-01-01

376

The military as a partner.  

PubMed

The Pentagon has authorized the military to contract with private medical groups to supply board certified and board eligible physicians and support personnel to military hospitals to administer specialty medical services. The arrangement, known as a partnership agreement, provides volume to the civilian medical groups and reduces military medical outlays for expensive services at civilian hospitals. This professional paper addresses the initiation, procurement, and execution of a partnership agreement. PMID:10119689

Sullivan, W E

1991-01-01

377

[Clinical military hospital in 1892].  

PubMed

The article is devoted to the circumstances of visit of Alexander III to Clinical hospital of Military-Medical Academy in 1892. It is detailed about the situation in hospital: direct care, instruction and economic aspects. Representations of imperial authority in Russia in XIX century with respect to military-medical institutions are characterized. "Episode 3Match 1892" is important for Military-Medical Academy because in that day the put on hold reconstruction got a crucial impulse. PMID:23808205

Poddubny?, M V

2013-02-01

378

Social and Cultural Influences on Tobacco-Related Health Disparities among South Asians in the United States  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To explore and understand key cultural contexts of tobacco use among South Asian communities in the United States. DESIGN Focus groups, with homogenous compositions of gender, generational status, and length of time in the United States, were conducted in two distinct South Asian ethnic enclaves. Focus group findings were triangulated with observational data regarding availability of culturally-specific tobacco from commercial ethnic outlets and cultural events. SUBJECTS Respondents included 88 men and women of South Asian descent, aged 18 to 65 years, immigrant and native born, representing diversity of religion, socioeconomic status, and region of origin, with use of at least one culturally-specific tobacco product in previous 24 months. RESULTS A large number of culturally-specific products are commonly used by community members. Knowledge of product-specific health risks was lacking or inaccurate. Many culturally-specific tobacco products were considered to have beneficial properties. South Asian tobacco items were used to preserve cultural traditions and express ethnic identity in a new dominant culture. The social and cultural value ascribed to use helped distinguish community members from mainstream society and from other minority populations. CONCLUSIONS Many cultural factors govern tobacco use among diverse global populations. Especially for migrants with a common regional origin, the role of ethnic identity may strongly influence culturally-specific tobacco patterns. Qualitative inquiry helps elucidate such culturally-framed behaviors in culturally-diverse populations. These cultural contexts should be integrated into research and practice. Understanding multidimensional factors influencing non-traditional tobacco use is key to ensuring that comprehensive tobacco control strategies address tobacco-related disparities. PMID:21708814

Mukherjea, Arnab; Morgan, Patricia A.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Ling, Pamela M.; Ivey, Susan L.

2011-01-01

379

Burns and military clothing.  

PubMed

Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

McLean, A D

2001-02-01

380

Stem cell applications in military medicine  

PubMed Central

There are many similarities between health issues affecting military and civilian patient populations, with the exception of the relatively small but vital segment of active soldiers who experience high-energy blast injuries during combat. A rising incidence of major injuries from explosive devices in recent campaigns has further complicated treatment and recovery, highlighting the need for tissue regenerative options and intensifying interest in the possible role of stem cells for military medicine. In this review we outline the array of tissue-specific injuries typically seen in modern combat - as well as address a few complications unique to soldiers - and discuss the state of current stem cell research in addressing each area. Embryonic, induced-pluripotent and adult stem cell sources are defined, along with advantages and disadvantages unique to each cell type. More detailed stem cell sources are described in the context of each tissue of interest, including neural, cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal and sensory tissues, with brief discussion of their potential role in regenerative medicine moving forward. Additional commentary is given to military stem cell applications aside from regenerative medicine, such as blood pharming, immunomodulation and drug screening, with an overview of stem cell banking and the unique opportunity provided by the military and civilian overlap of stem cell research. PMID:22011454

2011-01-01

381

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Factors Associated with School Bullying in Japan and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers in both Japan and in the United States have documented that bullying is a common and potentially damaging form of violence among children. The authors' review highlights distinct cross-cultural patterns of personal, family, peer, and school characteristics that predict gender differences in bullying and victimization. Cross-cultural

Hilton, Jeanne M.; Anngela-Cole, Linda; Wakita, Juri

2010-01-01

382

Joint-Service Integration: An Organizational Culture Study of the United States Department of Defense Voluntary Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the descriptive case study with a multiple case framework was to (a) describe the organizational cultures of education programs and leaders in the United States (U.S.) Department of Defense (DoD) voluntary education system on Oahu, Hawaii; (b) determine if an overlapping common organizational culture exists; and (c) assess the…

Benson, Martin K.

2010-01-01

383

Ethos of Independence Across Regions in the United States: The Production-Adoption Model of Cultural Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary U.S. culture has a highly individualistic ethos. Nevertheless, exactly how this ethos was historically fostered remains unanalyzed. A new model of dynamic cultural change maintains that sparsely populated, novel environments that impose major threats to survival, such as the Western frontier in the United States during the 18th and 19th centuries, breed strong values of independence, which in turn

Shinobu Kitayama; Lucian Gideon Conway; Paula R. Pietromonaco; Victoria C. Plaut

2010-01-01

384

Ethos of Independence across Regions in the United States: The Production-Adoption Model of Cultural Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary U.S. culture has a highly individualistic ethos. Nevertheless, exactly how this ethos was historically fostered remains unanalyzed. A new model of dynamic cultural change maintains that sparsely populated, novel environments that impose major threats to survival, such as the Western frontier in the United States during the 18th and…

Kitayama, Shinobu; Conway, Lucian Gideon, III; Pietromonaco, Paula R.; Park, Hyekyung; Plaut, Victoria C.

2010-01-01

385

Effect of aeration rate on the mycelial morphology and exo-biopolymer production in Cordyceps militaris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of aeration rate on Cordyceps militaris morphology and exo-biopolymer production was investigated in a 5-l jar fermentor. The mycelial morphology of C. militaris was characterized by image analysis, which included mean diameter, circularity, roughness, and compactness of the pellets. Cells were observed to form mainly pellets during the entire culture period irrespective of aeration conditions. There existed a

Jong Pil Park; Young Mi Kim; Sang Woo Kim; Hye Jin Hwang; Youn Jeung Cho; Yong Se Lee; Chi Hyun Song; Jong Won Yun

2002-01-01

386

General Issue (G.I.) Strain: Applying Strain Theory to Military Offending  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores possible causes of military offending through application of strain theory to a small sample of current U.S. Army personnel. The military provides a unique social environment given the organization and culture of the institution. Criminal behavior of those inside this institution has recently received much media attention, yet has not received much academic attention. Prior research focuses

Jacob Bucher

2011-01-01

387

14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. 61.73 Section 61...Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special...

2010-01-01

388

14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. 61.73 Section 61...Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special...

2012-01-01

389

14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. 61.73 Section 61...Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special...

2011-01-01

390

Role of nuclear reactors in future military satellites  

SciTech Connect

Future military capabilities will be profoundly influenced by emerging Shuttle Era space technology. Regardless of the specific direction or content of tomorrow's military space program, it is clear that advanced space transportation systems, orbital support facilities, and large-capacity power subsystems will be needed to create the generally larger, more sophisticated military space systems of the future. This paper explores the critical role that space nuclear reactors should play in America's future space program and reviews the current state of nuclear reactor power plant technology. Space nuclear reactor technologies have the potential of satisfying power requirements ranging from 10 kW/sub (e)/ to 100 MW/sub (e)/.

Buden, D.; Angelo, J.A. Jr.

1982-01-01

391

Loyalty for Sale? Military Spending and Coups d'Etat  

E-print Network

of the military is due to Feaver (2003), who used it to explain civil-military relations in the United States. Belkin and Schofer (2003) construct a coup risk measure based on past coups, the strength of civil society, and regime legitimacy. Our paper shows... ). Conversely, low military spending may lead to a coup regardless of whether other causes are present. This is consistent with the experience of Peru between 1912 and 1964, when "every civilian government that reduced the proportion of the national budget...

Leon, Gabriel

2012-02-27

392

Page 98 California Cultural Studies Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog Native American Studies, Chicano and Latino Studies, Anthropol-  

E-print Network

Page 98 California Cultural Studies Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog Native American Studies Edward Castillo/Native American Studies William Crowley/Geography Steve Estes/History Michael Ezra

Ravikumar, B.

393

Military Campaign Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress, this fine digital archive brings together thousands of maps that offer great detail about major military conflicts, including such information as troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, campsites, local buildings, topography and vegetation. On the site, visitors can also learn about how the maps were digitized, along with specific information about the various technical equipment used to capture the full content of each document. The archive of documents here is not solely historically focused, as there are maps of more contemporary conflict sites, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The entire contents of the archive may be searched in a variety of methods, including through the use of keywords, browsing through a subject list, a creator index, and a geographic location index. From some rather interesting maps of the Brandywine to a Dutch map showing locations of military importance in Pennsylvania and New York, this site will be of interest to historians, cartographers, and many others.

394

Cultural impacts on public perceptions of agricultural biotechnology: A comparison of South Korea and the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to Millar (1996), the gulf between science and society is growing. Technologies are tools cultures develop to solve society's problems. The rapid dispersion of science and technology across cultural borders through trade, technology transfer and exchange, increasingly requires people in different cultures to make choices about accepting or rejecting artifacts of science and technology such as genetically modified (GM) foods, which originate primarily from the United States. These issues challenge policy makers and scientists to account for the affects of different cultural perspectives on controversial scientific issues. Given the controversy across cultures over acceptance or rejection of genetically modified (GM) foods, GM foods are an excellent example with which to begin to reveal how culture impacts public perceptions of the risk and benefits of science and technology in different societies. This research will: (1) Define public awareness and understanding of science, specifically GM foods; (2) Examine culture's impact on knowledge, including different cultural approaches to research; and (3) Compare recent findings of a bi-national public opinion survey on GM comparing in South Korea and the United States. The proposed research outlines two research questions: (1) How and in what ways do South Koreans and Americans differ in their opinions about GMOs? This question is important for gathering current points of contrast about how the two cultures may differ; and (2) What role does culture play on opinion formation about GM foods? Through grounded theory, the researcher will investigate how cultural differences help explain opinion on public perceptions of GM foods. Is it possible to identify common cultural factors that impact public perceptions of GM foods between South Koreans and Americans? The study will utilize both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Higher education is a major producer of new science and technology. The study is significant for higher education administrators who must understand cultural factors impacting science internationally and globalization of the academic enterprise.

Nader, Richard Harrison

395

14 CFR Sfar No. 100 - 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned Outside the United States in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United States in Support of U.S. Armed Forces Operations No. SFAR No. 100 Aeronautics...United States in Support of U.S. Armed Forces Operations 1. Applicability. ...States in support of the U.S. Armed Forces' operation during some period of...

2011-01-01

396

Toward the Computational Representation of Individual Cultural, Cognitive, and Physiological State: The Sensor Shooter Simulation  

SciTech Connect

This report documents an exploratory FY 00 LDRD project that sought to demonstrate the first steps toward a realistic computational representation of the variability encountered in individual human behavior. Realism, as conceptualized in this project, required that the human representation address the underlying psychological, cultural, physiological, and environmental stressors. The present report outlines the researchers' approach to representing cognitive, cultural, and physiological variability of an individual in an ambiguous situation while faced with a high-consequence decision that would greatly impact subsequent events. The present project was framed around a sensor-shooter scenario as a soldier interacts with an unexpected target (two young Iraqi girls). A software model of the ''Sensor Shooter'' scenario from Desert Storm was developed in which the framework consisted of a computational instantiation of Recognition Primed Decision Making in the context of a Naturalistic Decision Making model [1]. Recognition Primed Decision Making was augmented with an underlying foundation based on our current understanding of human neurophysiology and its relationship to human cognitive processes. While the Gulf War scenario that constitutes the framework for the Sensor Shooter prototype is highly specific, the human decision architecture and the subsequent simulation are applicable to other problems similar in concept, intensity, and degree of uncertainty. The goal was to provide initial steps toward a computational representation of human variability in cultural, cognitive, and physiological state in order to attain a better understanding of the full depth of human decision-making processes in the context of ambiguity, novelty, and heightened arousal.

RAYBOURN,ELAINE M.; FORSYTHE,JAMES C.

2001-08-01

397

The Place of the Humanities at a Military Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, a captain in the U.S. Coast Guard and professor of English at the Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut, argues in this article that, contrary to images perpetuated in popular culture, military officers do not eschew the arts as exemplified in such films as "Platoon" and "Full Metal Jacket" where the audience is expected to…

Flammang, Lucretia A.

2007-01-01

398

Soldiering with Substance: Substance and Steroid Use among Military Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The military provides a unique social environment given the organization and culture of the institution. Understanding substance use by those inside this institution provides insight into both the population as well as substance use in general. Using data collected from in-depth interviews, this article explores the nature and extent of substance…

Bucher, Jacob

2012-01-01

399

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

400

Engineering geosciences and military operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The earliest recorded use of geology for the terrain assessment of the battlefield occurred at Katzback in 1813 and contributed to the defeat of Napoleon's Army. Ever since, most major military operations have utilized geologic counsel to evaluate the terrain and features or execute battle actions. The value of geologic insight was recognized in books on the military applications of

George A. Kiersch

1998-01-01

401

Military technology: an historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout history, nations have endeavored to develop new and more advanced technologies with the goal of achieving military advantage. New technologies resulted in new weapons and brought dramatic change in military tactics. The increase in the destructive power of soldiers in the Civil War and the resulting horror and futility of the frontal assault ushered in a change to trench

William J. Perry

2004-01-01

402

Managing Military Child Care Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on research as well as on the down-to-earth experiences which come from running a large military child care center, this director's manual provides guidelines for running an effective program. The guidebook, one in a series on the subject of military child care centers, presents advice on the following seven topics: becoming a center…

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Reserve Affairs (DOD), Washington, DC.

403

Economic Conditions of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and…

Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

2013-01-01

404

78 FR 43796 - Indebtedness of Military Personnel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Army 32 CFR Part 513 Indebtedness of Military Personnel AGENCY: Department of the...regulations concerning indebtedness of military personnel. The regulations are being...32 CFR Part 112, ``Indebtedness of Military Personnel,'' and DoD Financial...

2013-07-22

405

Totipotent Embryonic Stem Cells Arise in Ground-State Culture Conditions  

PubMed Central

Summary Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from mammalian embryos during the transition from totipotency, when individual blastomeres can make all lineages, to pluripotency, when they are competent to make only embryonic lineages. ESCs maintained with inhibitors of MEK and GSK3 (2i) are thought to represent an embryonically restricted ground state. However, we observed heterogeneous expression of the extraembryonic endoderm marker Hex in 2i-cultured embryos, suggesting that 2i blocked development prior to epiblast commitment. Similarly, 2i ESC cultures were heterogeneous and contained a Hex-positive fraction primed to differentiate into trophoblast and extraembryonic endoderm. Single Hex-positive ESCs coexpressed epiblast and extraembryonic genes and contributed to all lineages in chimeras. The cytokine LIF, necessary for ESC self-renewal, supported the expansion of this population but did not directly support Nanog-positive epiblast-like ESCs. Thus, 2i and LIF support a totipotent state comparable to early embryonic cells that coexpress embryonic and extraembryonic determinants. PMID:23746443

Morgani, Sophie M.; Canham, Maurice A.; Nichols, Jennifer; Sharov, Alexei A.; Migueles, Rosa Portero; Ko, Minoru S.H.; Brickman, Joshua M.

2013-01-01

406

HIV in military.  

PubMed

The House of Representatives approved a defense authorization bill that requires the Pentagon to discharge service members who test positive for HIV antibodies. This is the second measure of its kind. Last year, Rep. Robert K. Dornan (R-CA) pushed through Congress a similar measure that was repealed after encountering public opposition. President Clinton said he will veto the defense bill in its current form. The bill provides $13 billion in spending beyond the amount the Pentagon requested, resurrects plans for the Star Wars missile defense system, and rescinds Clinton's don't ask, don't tell policy toward gay men and lesbians in the military. Rep. Peter Torkildsen (R-MA) is confident that the HIV provision can be stricken when the bill goes to a House-Senate conference committee in a few weeks. PMID:11363494

1996-05-31

407

Canadian military space activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper outlines the Department of National Defence (DND) of Canada policy on the military use of space and discusses DND space systems. The NAVSTAR global positioning system will be the standard for future navigation systems. Canada is one of four founding nations of the international COSPAS/SARSAT satellite assisted search and rescue system. Three new earth stations will provide complete coverage of Canadian synthetic aperture radar (SAR) territory. In addition, funds have been committed for research and development of space based surveillance radar technology. The Canadian Forces Weather Service will receive digitalized satellite imagery and weather charts as part of the planned Meteorological Satellite Information System (METSIS). METSIS will provide weather information through Anik D satellite broadcast. A three phased approach is planned to satisfy satellite communications requirements. Leased point to point communications have been established for some locations. Mobile terminals are being developed and are being used to test technologies and operating techniques. Phase two will be the acquisition of a mix of fixed and mobile terminals to use existing commercial and military space bands. Encryption capabilities and antijamming technologies are being developed. Phase three calls for launching of several nongeostationary satellites to provide continuous coverage to the areas in the high Arctic which are below the horizon for geostationary satellites. DND policy can be summarized as follows: (1) the DND will enhance defence commitments by using space technology where appropriate and cost effective; (2) it will enhance the peaceful use of space; and (3) DND will use space programs to contribute to the Canadian economic and defence production base.

Hodgson, Geoffrey W.

408

Neurologic adverse events associated with smallpox vaccination in the United States – response and comment on reporting of headaches as adverse events after smallpox vaccination among military and civilian personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Accurate reporting of adverse events occurring after vaccination is an important component of determining risk-benefit ratios for vaccinations. Controversy has developed over alleged underreporting of adverse events within U.S. military samples. This report examines the accuracy of adverse event rates recently published for headaches, and examines the issue of underreporting of headaches as a function of civilian or military

Walter R Schumm

2006-01-01

409

Effect of pH on contractile state and transsarcolemmal Ca flux in cultured heart cells  

SciTech Connect

The mechanism of pH-induced changes in cardiac contractile state was investigated using spontaneously beating cultured chick embryo ventricular cells. Cells were equilibrated in HEPES-buffered medium at pH 7.4 and then exposed to pH 6.0, 7.4 or 8.8 medium. pH-induced changes in Ca uptake were insensitive to 1 ..mu..M verapamil but were sensitive to changes in Na gradient. pH 6.0 inhibited and pH 8.8 stimulated Na/sub i/-dependent Ca uptake. Replacement of Na in the efflux medium with choline during /sup 45/Ca efflux did not affect the pH-induced changes in Ca efflux, suggesting that pH alters Ca efflux via sarcolemmal Ca-ATPase. Intracellular alkalinization or acidification produced by NH/sub 4/Cl (20 mM) altered contractile state by +140% or -60%, respectively, but failed to alter significantly the /sup 45/Ca influx or efflux rates. The authors conclude that pH-induced alteration in contractile state is due in part to changes in transsarcolemmal Ca movement via Na/Ca exchange as well as sarcolemmal Ca pump activity. pH/sub i/-induced alteration in contractile state is due to changes in Ca movements within the cell and/or in Ca sensitivity of myofibrils.

Kim, D.; Smith, T.W.

1986-03-05

410

31.03.03.V1.03 MILITARY LEAVE Supplements System Regulation 31.03.03 and 31.03.04  

E-print Network

31.03.03.V1.03 MILITARY LEAVE Supplements System Regulation 31.03.03 and 31.03.04 1.00 GENERAL state employees who are called to active military duty to use emergency leave "so that they do between the military pay and state pay, will enable the continuance of the state contribution toward

411

Page 1 of 2 CBC 12830-23 (New 2/16/06) WAIVER OF RETIRED MILITARY PAY  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 2 CBC 12830-23 (New 2/16/06) WAIVER OF RETIRED MILITARY PAY Name: Address: City: State: Zip Code: Military Serial Number: Social Security Number: EFFECTIVE DATE OF WAIVER I am retiring from a federal civil service position and am combining my military and civilian service for purposes

412

Altered Ca fluxes and contractile state during pH changes in cultured heart cells  

SciTech Connect

The authors studied mechanisms underlying changes in myocardial contractile state produced by intracellular (pH/sub i/) or extracellular (pH/sub 0/) changes in pH using cultured chick embryo ventricular cells. A change in pH/sub 0/ of HEPES-buffered medium from 7.4 to 6.0 or to 8.8 changed the amplitude of cell motion by -85 or +60%, and /sup 45/Ca uptake at 10 s by -29 or +22%, respectively. The pH/sub 0/ induced change in Ca uptake was not sensitive to nifedipine but was Na gradient dependent. Changes in pH/sub i/ produced by NH/sub 4/Cl or preincubation in media at pH values ranging from 6.0 to 8.8 failed to alter significantly /sup 45/Ca uptake or efflux. However, larger changes in pH/sub i/ were associated with altered Ca uptake. Changes in pH/sub 0/ from 7.5 to 6.0 or to 8.8 were associated with initial changes in /sup 45/Ca efflux by +17 or -18%, respectively, and these effects were not Na dependent. Exposure of cells to 20 mM NH/sub 4/Cl produced intracellular alkalinization and a positive inotropic effect, whereas subsequent removal of NH/sub 4/Cl caused intracellular acidification and a negative inotropic effect. There was, however, a lack of close temporal relationships between pH/sub i/ and contractile state. These results indicated that pH/sub 0/-induced changes in contractile state in cultured heart cells are closely correlated with altered transarcolemmal Ca movements and presumably are due to these Ca flux changes.

Kim, D.; Smith, T.W.

1987-07-01

413

Cultural Democracy in a Period of Cultural Expansion: The Social Composition of Arts Audiences in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visitors to museums and audiences of live performing arts tend to be better educated, of higher occupational standing, and more affluent than the general populace. Recent trends indicate that expansion in the scale of arts activities and government subsidies has not been accompanied by a democratization of cultural consumption. (Author/EB)

Dimaggio, Paul; Useem, Michael

1978-01-01

414

‘An American soldier-poet’: Alan Seeger and war culture in the United States, 1914–1918  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the issue of ‘war culture’ in the United States. It focuses on the American poet-soldier, Alan Seeger, who fought with the French Foreign Legion from 1914 until his death in 1916, and wrote various articles to newspapers in the United States in addition to his posthumous Poems (1916) and Letters and Diary (1917). Focusing on these documents,

Alisa Miller

2010-01-01

415

The importance of militaries from developing countries in global infectious disease surveillance.  

PubMed

Military forces from developing countries have become increasingly important as facilitators of their government's foreign policy, taking part in peacekeeping operations, military exercises and humanitarian relief missions. Deployment of these forces presents both challenges and opportunities for infectious disease surveillance and control. Troop movements may cause or extend epidemics by introducing novel agents to susceptible populations. Conversely, military units with disease surveillance and response capabilities can extend those capabilities to civilian populations not served by civilian public health programmes, such as those in remote or post-disaster settings. In Peru and Thailand, military health organizations in partnership with the military of the United States use their laboratory, epidemiological, communications and logistical resources to support civilian ministry of health efforts. As their role in international affairs expands, surveillance capabilities of militaries from developing countries should be enhanced, perhaps through partnerships with militaries from high-income countries. Military-to-military and military-to-civilian partnerships, with the support of national and international civilian health organizations, could also greatly strengthen global infectious disease surveillance, particularly in remote and post-disaster areas where military forces are present. PMID:18405198

Chretien, Jean-Paul; Blazes, David L; Coldren, Rodney L; Lewis, Michael D; Gaywee, Jariyanart; Kana, Khunakorn; Sirisopana, Narongrid; Vallejos, Victor; Mundaca, Carmen C; Montano, Silvia; Martin, Gregory J; Gaydos, Joel C

2007-01-01

416

The importance of militaries from developing countries in global infectious disease surveillance.  

PubMed

Military forces from developing countries have become increasingly important as facilitators of their government's foreign policy, taking part in peacekeeping operations, military exercises and humanitarian relief missions. Deployment of these forces presents both challenges and opportunities for infectious disease surveillance and control. Troop movements may cause or extend epidemics by introducing novel agents to susceptible populations. Conversely, military units with disease surveillance and response capabilities can extend those capabilities to civilian populations not served by civilian public health programmes, such as those in remote or post-disaster settings. In Peru and Thailand, military health organizations in partnership with the military of the United States use their laboratory, epidemiological, communications and logistical resources to support civilian ministry of health efforts. As their role in international affairs expands, surveillance capabilities of militaries from developing countries should be enhanced, perhaps through partnerships with militaries from high-income countries. Military-to-military and military-to-civilian partnerships, with the support of national and international civilian health organizations, could also greatly strengthen global infectious disease surveillance, particularly in remote and post-disaster areas where military forces are present. PMID:17486207

Chretien, Jean-Paul; Blazes, David L; Coldren, Rodney L; Lewis, Michael D; Gaywee, Jariyanart; Kana, Khunakorn; Sirisopana, Narongrid; Vallejos, Victor; Mundaca, Carmen C; Montano, Silvia; Martin, Gregory J; Gaydos, Joel C

2007-03-01

417

WWW.NPS.EDU "The best and brightest military officers from  

E-print Network

WWW.NPS.EDU "The best and brightest military officers from the United States and around the world military and defense problems. At NPS, they gain both the intellectual know-how and the practical skills. Letter from employer stating their willingness to pay the tuition for the program and supply salary

418

Security Assistance. Observations on the International Military Education and Training Program. Briefing Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the International Military Education and Training (IMET) Program, which trains foreign military personnel in skills related to equipment provided to their countries by the United States, is reported in this document. The review sought to determine whether the Departments of State and Defense had complied with program policies and…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. National Security and International Affairs Div.

419

Cross-Cultural Differences in Choice Behavior and Use of Decision Aids: A Comparison of Japan and the United States.  

PubMed

A controlled laboratory study was conducted to investigate the effect of cultural differences on decision strategy. Participants from two cultures (Japan and the United States) completed multi-attribute preferential choice tasks with and without use of computerized decision aids. The results indicate that Japanese participants were less likely to invoke compensatory decision processes, which involve conflict-confronting assessment of trade-offs among attributes. This behavior is consistent with some cultural differences described in extant literature. The results call into question the generalizability across cultures of descriptive decision theories, which come largely from the West, and suggest the need for descriptive theories that incorporate cultural factors. Copyright 1999 Academic Press. PMID:10069944

Chu; Spires; Sueyoshi

1999-02-01

420

Wellness of children in Israel and the United States: A preliminary examination of culture and well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have stressed the importance and relevance for understanding the impact of culture in shaping adolescents’ world and well-being. This study was undertaken as a preliminary cross-cultural examination of wellness in two samples including 629 children in the United States and 240 children in Israel. The Indivisible Self, an evidence-based, multidimensional, holistic wellness model by Myers and Sweeney was

Moshe Tatar; Jane E. Myers

2010-01-01

421

Military Takeover Complete in Pakistan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

General Pervez Musharraf assumed the position of chief executive of Pakistan early this morning, completing a very quick and bloodless coup that began on Tuesday night. General Musharraf declared a state of emergency, suspending the constitution and the national and provincial assemblies, dismissing the provincial governments and governors, and banning the Supreme Court from challenging his authority. Reaction to the coup has been rather muted within Pakistan and abroad. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who is now in custody, was increasingly unpopular in Pakistan because of the country's dire economic situation, his handling of the conflict with India in Kashmir, and what some saw as his systematic efforts to undermine the authority of rival political parties and branches of government. Foreign officials and editorials have criticized the military and called for the restoration of civilian rule as soon as possible. However, many have also acknowledged Sharif's poor record and some have even called for a transitional "technocratic" government to revive the economy and fight corruption. While the crucial question of foreign aid and loans to Pakistan is still very much up in the air, it does appear that at least some nations, most notably arch-rival India, are prepared to do business with Pakistan's new leaders, at least for the short term.

De Nie, Michael W.

422

Influence of the carbon and nitrogen sources on keratinase production by Myrothecium verrucaria in submerged and solid state cultures.  

PubMed

Myrothecium verrucaria is a nondermatophytic filamentous fungus able to grow and to produce keratinase in submerged (93.0 +/- 19 U/ml) and solid state (98.8 +/- 7.9 U/ml) cultures in which poultry feather powder (PFP) is the only substrate. The purpose of the present work was to verify how different carbon and nitrogen sources can influence the production of keratinase by this fungus. Addition of carbohydrates, such as glucose and sucrose, caused only slight improvements in keratinase production, but the addition of starch caused a significant improvement (135.0 +/- 25 U/ml). The highest levels of keratinase activity, however, were obtained by supplementing the PFP cultures with cassava bagasse, 168.0 +/- 28 U/ml and 189.0 +/- 26 U/ml in submerged and solid state cultures, respectively. Contrarily, the supplementation of PFP medium with organic or inorganic nitrogen sources, such as casein, soy bean protein, gelatin, ammonium nitrate and alanine, decreased the production of keratinase in both types of cultures (around 20 U/ml), showing that the production of keratinase by M. verrucaria is repressed by nitrogen sources. The results obtained in this work suggest that the association of the two residues PFP plus cassava bagasse could be an excellent option as a cheap culture medium for the production of keratinase in submerged and solid state cultures. PMID:19229574

da Gioppo, Nereida Mello Rosa; Moreira-Gasparin, Fabiana G; Costa, Andréa M; Alexandrino, Ana Maria; de Souza, Cristina Giatti Marques; Peralta, Rosane M

2009-05-01

423

Homosexuality, Morality, and Military Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In December 1993, the Department of Defense issued directives that revised the military's exclusionary policy toward homosexuals. These directives marked the culmination of an intense period of public debate that placed little emphasis on the moral dimens...

M. A. Peterson

1997-01-01

424

Contact dermatitis in military personnel.  

PubMed

Military personnel encounter the same allergens and irritants as their civilian counterparts and are just as likely to develop contact dermatitis from common exposures encountered in everyday life. In addition, they face some unique exposures that can be difficult to avoid owing to their occupational duties. Contact dermatitis can be detrimental to a military member's career if he or she is unable to perform core duties or avoid the inciting substances. An uncontrolled contact dermatitis can result in the member's being placed on limited-duty (ie, nondeployable) status, needing a job or rate change, or separation from military service. We present some common causes of contact dermatitis in military personnel worldwide and some novel sources of contact dermatitis in this population that may not be intuitive. PMID:22653003

Dever, Tara T; Walters, Michelle; Jacob, Sharon

2011-01-01

425

Black Power and the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper reviews the historical background of the Black Power movement in American society and its effects upon the military establishment with respect to ethnic constraints, institutional standards and the black perspective. Major issues of both the ad...

G. T. Lloyd, B. W. Cook

1974-01-01

426

Military fathers' perspectives on involvement.  

PubMed

Military fathers endure repeated separations from their children. In this qualitative study we describe military fathers' range of involvement with their children, paying special attention to the implications of deployment separation and reintegration. We discuss father involvement using three overlapping major domains of functioning: cognitive, affective, and behavioral. Additionally, we consider how types of father involvement differ vis-à-vis child age. Data were gathered via focus groups conducted with 71 fathers at 14 U.S. military installations. Descriptions of involvement were rich and varied. Involvement with children was a major concern for fathers, despite or perhaps because of the challenges of military careers. We discuss factors that help explain variations in involvement and offer insights about the conceptualization of father involvement for occupations requiring prolonged absences from home. PMID:21707173

Willerton, Elaine; Schwarz, Rona L; Wadsworth, Shelley M Macdermid; Oglesby, Mary Schultheis

2011-08-01

427

Measuring Underemployment Among Military Spouses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is it like to be a military spouse? It can present some rather unique challenges including underemployment. This 111-page report by researchers Nelson Lim and David Schulker on underemployment among military spouses was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the work was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute. The work examines the extent and causes of underemployment among military spouses, and it also looks at their "look-alikes", who in this case happen to be a group of similar civilian wives. Their research indicates that military wives are much more likely not to be in the labor force, and they are also more likely to have relatively high levels of education for their jobs when compared to their civilian counterparts. Visitors will want to read over all seven chapters of the report, and they can also consult the indices, graphs, and helpful charts.

428

Speakeasy: the military software radio  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Speakeasy Phase II radio will use programmable processing to emulate more than 15 existing military radios. Speakeasy is a challenge, even with recent advancements in DSP technologies. The benefits, however, make the challenge highly worthwhile

R. I. Lackey; D. W. Upmal

1995-01-01

429

Committee on Military Nutrition Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the activities of the National Academy of Sciences/Institute of Medicine's Committee on Military Nutrition Research (CMNR) for the period January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2006. Activities during this time period which are described in ...

M. Oria

2007-01-01

430

The Military and the Transition to Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary:Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects youths' approach to

Ryan Kelty; Meredith Kleykamp; David R. Segal

2010-01-01

431

The Military and the Transition to Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects youths' approach to

Meredith Kleykamp Ryan Kelty; David R. Segal

2010-01-01

432

MILITARY TECHNICAL ACADEMY Vol. XXII, No. 4  

E-print Network

#12;MILITARY TECHNICAL ACADEMY Vol. XXII, No. 4 © Military Technical Academy Publishing House Bucharest, Romania, December 2012 #12;Editorial Board: Col. Prof. Eng. CRISTIAN BARBU, Ph.D. The Military Technical Academy of Bucharest, Romania Col. Prof. Eng. IOAN NICOLAESCU, Ph.D. The Military Technical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

433

The Military and the Transition to Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects…

Kelty, Ryan; Kleykamp, Meredith; Segal, David R.

2010-01-01

434

Satellite Power System (SPS) military implications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The military implications of the reference satellite power system (SPS) were examined is well as important military related study tasks. Primary areas of investigation were the potential of the SPS as a weapon, for supporting U.S. military preparedness, and for affecting international relations. In addition, the SPS's relative vulnerability to overt military action, terrorist attacks, and sabotage was considered.

Bain, C. N.

1978-01-01

435

Verification & Validation in Military Simulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The verification and validation (V&V) of military simulations has many similarities to the V&V of simulations as often discussed in academe; however, significant differences exist. Military simulations are often large, extremely complex production systems, in which the initial conditions provide the driving force and the transients are the elements of interest. The difficulties of performing the V&V and the lack

Dean S. Hartley III

1997-01-01

436

Military space capabilities and requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Representatives of the space commands of the three branches of U.S. military service discuss military aspects of space. The speakers' experience includes peacetime problems, domestic and international policies, and expertise in science, technology, and engineering. Specific topics addressed include operational capabilities and activities, contributions to the Gulf War, space initiatives, and responsibilities such as astronaut oversight, support of imaging and tracking radars, network control, and missile defense.

Kutyna, Donald J.; Keaveney, Michael W.; Browne, Herbert; Moorman, Thomas S., Jr.; Tuttle, Jerry; Dickman, Robert; Delrosso, Louis A.; Carlson, James; McCormick, Richard

437

Military lower extremity amputee rehabilitation.  

PubMed

The role of the military has changed over the past eight decades. Although the threat of global warfare still exists, the military of today faces new challenges as a peacekeeper in countries under turmoil. Despite these changes, the fear of bodily injury, such as limb loss and even the possibility of death, are real concerns for our active duty personnel. The military physician must be aware of the appropriate surgical, rehabilitative, and psychosocial needs of the lower extremity traumatic amputee. The physical medicine and rehabilitation specialist is a physician particularly suited to provide direction for and to oversee the overall care of the amputee's condition. An amputee center providing a multidisciplinary team approach has worked well for the military during war and peacetimes. The physical medicine and rehabilitation inpatient service at WRAMC continues the tradition and philosophy of the military amputee centers dating back to WWI. By growing with the fast-paced technologic advances in prosthetic devices, yet keeping true to the fundamentals of prosthetic prescription and design, physical medicine and rehabilitation in the military has remained at the forefront of amputee rehabilitation. Patient satisfaction with the rehabilitation process and his or her new artificial limb remain priorities whether the goal is to return to active duty or to resume an active lifestyle in the civilian world. PMID:11878083

Hermes, Lisa M

2002-02-01

438

Resources for Military Families and Students Military Family Resources: Links to each armed service's support site  

E-print Network

Resources for Military Families and Students Military Family Resources: Links to each armed service://www.scguard.com/family/default.aspx Military Reserve Family Member Benefits http://www.ngb.army.mil/resources/downloads/benefits.pdf Military for Mobilized Student Reservists http://www.defenselink.mil/ra/html/student.html Military Spouse Resources http

Mitchener, W. Garrett

439

Filamentous fungi and media for cellulase production in solid state cultures  

PubMed Central

Cellulase production was evaluated in two reference strains (T. reesei Rut-C30 and T. reesei QM9414), two strains isolated from a sugarcane cultivation area (Trichoderma sp. IPT778 and T. harzianum rifai IPT821) and one strain isolated in a program for biodiversity preservation in São Paulo state (Myceliophthora thermophila M77). Solid state cultures were performed using sugarcane bagasse (C), wheat bran (W) and/or soybean bran (S). The highest FPA was 10.6 U/gdm for M77 in SC (10:90) at 80% moisture, which was 4.4 times higher than production in pure W. C was a strong inducer of cellulase production, given that the production level of 6.1 U/gdm in WC (40:60) was 2.5 times higher than in pure W for strain M77; T. reesei Rut-C30 did not respond as strongly with about 1.6-fold surplus production. S advantageously replaced W, as the surplus production on SC (20:80) was 2.3 times relative to WC (20:80) for M77. PMID:24948946

Kilikian, B.V.; Afonso, L.C.; Souza, T.F.C.; Ferreira, R.G.; Pinheiro, I.R.

2014-01-01

440

Potassium availability triggers Mycobacterium tuberculosis transition to, and resuscitation from, non-culturable (dormant) states  

PubMed Central

Dormancy in non-sporulating bacteria is an interesting and underexplored phenomenon with significant medical implications. In particular, latent tuberculosis may result from the maintenance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli in non-replicating states in infected individuals. Uniquely, growth of M. tuberculosis in aerobic conditions in potassium-deficient media resulted in the generation of bacilli that were non-culturable (NC) on solid media but detectable in liquid media. These bacilli were morphologically distinct and tolerant to cell-wall-targeting antimicrobials. Bacterial counts on solid media quickly recovered after washing and incubating bacilli in fresh resuscitation media containing potassium. This resuscitation of growth occurred too quickly to be attributed to M. tuberculosis replication. Transcriptomic and proteomic profiling through adaptation to, and resuscitation from, this NC state revealed a switch to anaerobic respiration and a shift to lipid and amino acid metabolism. High concordance with mRNA signatures derived from M. tuberculosis infection models suggests that analogous NC mycobacterial phenotypes may exist during disease and may represent unrecognized populations in vivo. Resuscitation of NC bacilli in potassium-sufficient media was characterized by time-dependent activation of metabolic pathways in a programmed series of processes that probably transit bacilli through challenging microenvironments during infection. PMID:25320096

Salina, Elena G.; Waddell, Simon J.; Hoffmann, Nadine; Rosenkrands, Ida; Butcher, Philip D.; Kaprelyants, Arseny S.

2014-01-01

441

Potassium availability triggers Mycobacterium tuberculosis transition to, and resuscitation from, non-culturable (dormant) states.  

PubMed

Dormancy in non-sporulating bacteria is an interesting and underexplored phenomenon with significant medical implications. In particular, latent tuberculosis may result from the maintenance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli in non-replicating states in infected individuals. Uniquely, growth of M. tuberculosis in aerobic conditions in potassium-deficient media resulted in the generation of bacilli that were non-culturable (NC) on solid media but detectable in liquid media. These bacilli were morphologically distinct and tolerant to cell-wall-targeting antimicrobials. Bacterial counts on solid media quickly recovered after washing and incubating bacilli in fresh resuscitation media containing potassium. This resuscitation of growth occurred too quickly to be attributed to M. tuberculosis replication. Transcriptomic and proteomic profiling through adaptation to, and resuscitation from, this NC state revealed a switch to anaerobic respiration and a shift to lipid and amino acid metabolism. High concordance with mRNA signatures derived from M. tuberculosis infection models suggests that analogous NC mycobacterial phenotypes may exist during disease and may represent unrecognized populations in vivo. Resuscitation of NC bacilli in potassium-sufficient media was characterized by time-dependent activation of metabolic pathways in a programmed series of processes that probably transit bacilli through challenging microenvironments during infection. PMID:25320096

Salina, Elena G; Waddell, Simon J; Hoffmann, Nadine; Rosenkrands, Ida; Butcher, Philip D; Kaprelyants, Arseny S

2014-10-01

442

Determining the Oxidation States of Manganese in NT2 Cells and Cultured Astrocytes  

SciTech Connect

Excessive brain manganese (Mn) can produce a syndrome called 'manganism', which correlates with loss of striatal dopamine and cell death in the striatum and globus pallidus. The prevalent hypothesis for the cause of this syndrome has been oxidation of cell components by the strong oxidizing agent, Mn{sup 3+}, either formed by oxidation of intracellular Mn{sup 2+} or transported into the cell as Mn{sup 3+}. We have recently used X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy (XANES) to determine the oxidation states of manganese complexes in brain and liver mitochondria and in nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced and non-induced PC12 cells. No evidence was found for stabilization or accumulation of Mn{sup 3+} complexes because of oxidation of Mn{sup 2+} by reactive oxygen species in these tissues. Here we extend these studies of manganese oxidation state to cells of brain origin, human neuroteratocarcinoma (NT2) cells and primary cultures of rat astrocytes. Again we find no evidence for stabilization or accumulation of any Mn{sup 3+} complex derived from oxidation of Mn{sup 2+} under a range of conditions.

Gunter,K.; Aschner, M.; Miller, L.; Eliseev, R.; Salter, J.; Andersen, K.; Gunter, T.

2006-01-01

443

78 FR 50109 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...consistent in style with Native American Coast Salish historic material culture. Linguistically, Native American speakers of the Northern dialect of the Lushootseed language claim cultural heritage to the Skagit River delta area. Historical...

2013-08-16

444

The Role of State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems in Promoting Cultural Competence and Effective Cross-Cultural Communication. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If early childhood systems are to be effective at the population level then they must be able to provide family-centered care to all the racial, ethnic and cultural groups that they serve. Despite major policy driven and technological advances in healthcare, health disparities across different races and ethnicities persist. For example, the infant…

Sareen, Harvinder; Visencio, Diane; Russ, Shirley; Halfon, Neal

2005-01-01

445

Cooperation and Collaboration among the Nation's Meteorology, Oceanography, and Satellite Operational Processing Centers: An Evolving Era in U.S. Civilian-Military Partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States has several meteorological, oceanographic, and satellite operational processing centers (OPCS) in the military and civilian sectors. Separate cooperative and complementary military and civilian OPCs provide sufficient redundancy for backup purposes; permit the development of state-of-the-an forecasting schemes, such as the ensemble technique; and ensure the diverse environmental needs of military and civilian users are met with the

Robert J. Dumont; Cynthia A. Nelson; Donald G. Caviness; Carl D. Thormeyer; David L. Martin; John J. Pereira

1996-01-01

446

Fertility and Distorted Sex Ratios in a Rural Chinese County: Culture, State, and Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how gender bias in population policies interacts with local culture to reinforce distortions in sex ratios among infants and young children in rural China. It argues that population policies introduce new sources of inequality into local culture while, conversely, gender inequalities embedded in local culture influence formal population policy and practice. Applying an institutional approach to the

Rachel Murphy

2003-01-01

447

Recovery of Helicobacter pylori ATCC43504 from a viable but not culturable state: regrowth or resuscitation?  

PubMed

Studies were conducted following the formation and characterization of the coccoid morphology of Helicobacter pylori. H. pylori ATCC43504 was incubated in brucella broth plus 2% fetal calf serum at three different temperatures: 37 degrees C, room temperature and 4 degrees C in a microaerophilic environment, and readings were taken at 2, 7, 15, 30 and 45 days. At control times, the total and the viable count, viability tests with tetrazolium salts, and ultrastructural studies were carried out. On solid media, H. pylori became nonculturable after 7 days of incubation at room temperature and 4 degrees C, and after 15 days of incubation at 37 degrees C. At these times of incubation, after subculturing in liquid medium under the same conditions, the growth of H. pylori was detected until the 15th day from cultures incubated at 4 degrees C and until the 30th day from cultures stored at 37 degrees C, and at room temperature. Ultrastructural studies showed a gradual reduction of integrity of bacterial cells that remained stable at 30 and 45 days of incubation: 30% of whole cells of bacteria incubated at 37 degrees C and room temperature and 50% in bacteria incubated at 4 degrees C. The viability of the VNC (viable nonculturable) state was assessed by studying the reduction of tetrazolium salts INT (p-iodonitrophenyl tetrazolium violet) and CTC (cyanoditolyl tetrazolium chloride) to their respective formazans and this was linked to the cellular respiration. At 45 days of incubation, when bacterial regrowth was not observed in solid or in liquid medium, different resuscitation methods were applied to evaluate a possible resuscitation of VNC H. pylori. No significant growth on solid medium was observed. PMID:9674895

Cellini, L; Robuffo, I; Di Campli, E; Di Bartolomeo, S; Taraborelli, T; Dainelli, B

1998-05-01

448

Drug Abuse in the Military. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Children, Family, Drugs and Alcoholism of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on Reviewing the Problem of Drug Abuse in the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains transcripts of testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to examine the effects of illicit drug use and alcoholism on military personnel. Following statements by Senators Hawkins, Grassley, and Kerry, testimonies from representatives of the Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard are…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

449

Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for cultural heritage management: state of art and perspectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Non-invasive diagnostic tools able to provide information on the materials and preservation state of artworks are crucial to help conservators, archaeologists and anthropologists to plan and carry out their tasks properly. In this frame, technological solutions exploiting Terahertz (THz) radiation, i.e., working at frequencies ranging from 0.1 to 10 THz, are currently deserving huge attention as complementary techniques to classical analysis methodologies based on electromagnetic radiations from X-rays to mid infrared [1]. The main advantage offered by THz spectroscopy and imaging systems is referred to their capability of providing information useful to determine the construction modality, the history life and the conservation state of artworks as well as to identify previous restoration actions [1,2]. In particular, unlike mid- and near-infrared spectroscopy, which provides fingerprint absorption spectra depending on the intramolecular behavior, THz spectroscopy is related to the structure of the molecules of the investigated object. Hence, it can discriminate, for instance, the different materials mixed in a paint [1,2]. Moreover, THz radiation is able to penetrate several materials which are opaque to both visible and infrared materials, such as varnish, paint, plaster, paper, wood, plastic, and so on. Accordingly, it is useful to detect hidden objects and characterize the inner structure of the artwork under test even in the direction of the depth, while avoiding core drillings. In this frame, THz systems allow us to discriminate different layers of materials present in artworks like paints, to obtain images providing information on the construction technique as well as to discover risk factors affecting the preservation state, such as non-visible cracks, hidden molds and air gaps between the paint layer and underlying structure. Furthermore, adopting a no-ionizing radiation, THz systems offer the not trivial benefit of negligible long term risks to the molecular stability of the exposed objects and humans. Recently, the interest on THz technology is also growing up thanks to the development of flexible and compact commercial systems having source and detector probes coupled by means of optical fiber cables and that do not require complex optical alignments. These features allow us to reconfigure the measurement configuration easily; thus transmission, normal reflection and oblique reflection data can be collected according to the constrains and objective of the survey to be performed. Moreover, they open the way to on field applications. An example of last generation THz systems is the Fiber-Coupled Terahertz Time Domain System (FICO) marketed by Z-Omega and available at the Institute of Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment. Such a system is designed to perform both transmission and reflection spectroscopy and imaging measurements in the range from 60GHz to 3THz; with a waveform acquisition speed up to 500Hz. A review of the literature assessing potentialities and open challenges of THz spectroscopy and imaging in the frame of cultural heritage preservation will be provided at the conferences, with a specific focus on the diagnostic capabilities of last generation systems. REFERENCES [1] K. Fukunaga, I. Hosako, Innovative non-invasive analysis techniques for cultural heritage using terahertz technology, C. R. Physique, vol. 11, pp.519-526, 2010. [2] G.Fillippidis, M. Massaouti, A. Selimis, E.J. Gualda, J.M. Manceau, S. Tzortzakis, Nonlinear imaging and THz diagnostic tools in the service of Cultural Heritage, Appl. Phys. A, vol.106, pp.257-263, 2012.

Catapano, Ilaria; Soldovieri, Francesco

2014-05-01

450

78 FR 5717 - Safety Zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...USCG-2012-1008] RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA AGENCY: Coast...the navigable waters of Suisun Bay near Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA in...

2013-01-28

451

Culture, state and varieties of capitalism: a comparative study of life insurance markets in Hong Kong and Taiwan.  

PubMed

This article examines the interplay between local culture, the state, and economic actors' agency in producing variation across markets. I adopt a political-cultural approach to examining why life insurance has been far more popular in Taiwan than Hong Kong, despite the presence of a cultural taboo on the topic of premature death in both societies. Based on interview data and documentary references, the findings reveal that as an independent state, the Taiwanese government heavily protected domestic insurance firms during their emergence. These domestic firms adopted a market-share approach by re-defining the concept of life insurance to accommodate the local cultural taboo. The colonial Hong Kong government, on the other hand, adopted laissez-faire policies that essentially favoured foreign insurance firms. When faced with the tension between local adaptation and the profitability of the business, these foreign firms chose the latter. Their reluctance to accommodate local cultures, however, resulted in a smaller market. I argue that state actions mediate who the dominant economic players are and that the nature of the dominant players affects the extent of localization. Specifically, the presence of competitive domestic players alongside transnational corporations is more likely to produce varieties of capitalism. PMID:22404391

Chan, Cheris Shun-Ching

2012-03-01

452

Building a Culturally Sensitive portal for Indigenous Nations The eHumanity Project, developed by Indiana University in collaboration with the  

E-print Network

), aims to create an evolving online cultural repository for the native tribes of the North American and bitter at their subjugation by the United States military. The very tribe forever immortalized as victors quotation actually came from a 21st-century Blackfeet woman working in a high administrative position

453

Environment, People, and Culture. New Mexico State University: A Land-Grant Institution. Vol. 1, Parts 1 and 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tri-dimensional mandate of the land-grant institution--to teach, to research, and to serve--finds a common meeting place at the New Mexico State University. The New Mexico State University has tri-cultural concerns arising from the special needs of the population that it serves. The age-old problem of water in an arid land, the new challenge…

Rodwell, David, Ed.; And Others

454

Community meetings on a military inpatient psychiatric unit: a question of balance.  

PubMed

Community meetings are a mainstay of any inpatient psychiatric unit. Although they differ in frequency, attendance, leadership, and size, they all maintain a similar purpose of acculturating the members to the values of the ward and encouraging responsible behavior and effective communication. The military inpatient psychiatric unit is no different, although it does have several unique factors that affect the management of the community meeting. Specifically, these factors are the inherent military rank structure, which often conflicts with the rank of staff and other patients, the incorporation of a civilian population into a military culture, and a greater focus on patient transitions from military to civilian society. We describe and discuss the common variables of community meetings, elucidate how the military aspects affect the meeting, and offer potential suggestions for the management of this unique large dynamic group. PMID:11197098

Lange, C L; Bradley, J C

2001-01-01

455

Sex Differences in Jealousy in Evolutionary and Cultural Perspective: Tests From the Netherlands, Germany, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

As predicted by models derived from evohttionary psychology. men within the United States have been shown to exhibit greater psychological and physiological distress to sex- ual than to emotional infidelity of their partner, and wotnen have been shown to exhibit more distress lo emotional than to sexual infidelity. Because cross-cultural tests are critical for evolutionary hypotheses, we examined these sex

Bram P. Buunk; Alois Angleitner; Viktor Oubaid; D. M. Buss

1996-01-01

456

Internship Housing Wayne State is a premier research university located in the University Cultural Center in the  

E-print Network

Internship Housing Wayne State is a premier research university located in the University Cultural@wayne.edu or by phone at 313-577-7869. For further information check out Housing on the web at http://housing.wayne a Mort Harris Recreation and Fitness Center pass · option to purchase voluntary meal plan Included

Finley Jr., Russell L.

457

Culture and Continuing Bonds: A Prospective Comparison of Bereavement in the United States and the People's Republic of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been an increased interest and debate regarding the adaptiveness of continuing bonds with the deceased. The authors used data from a cross-cultural study of 61 participants from the United States (US) and 58 participants from the People's Republic of China (PRC) who completed measures of continuing bonds and adjustment at 4 and 18 months…

Lalande, Kathleen M.; Bonanno, George A.

2006-01-01

458

Pedagogical Transformations of "Religion" into "Culture" in Danish State Mass Schooling from the 1900s to the 1930s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Particularly after the Danish political system changed to parliamentarism in 1901, a growing interest in, and expanded meaning of, culture as a pedagogical category developed in relation to state schooling, on the road to a comprehensive school system for "the whole population". This article elaborates on the role played by theological scholars in…

Buchardt, Mette

2013-01-01

459

On the Teaching of the Course "Scientific Information" at the N. K. Krupskaya Leningrad State Institute of Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chair of scientific information at the Leningrad State Institute of Culture has worked out a preliminary syllabus on informatics for the Technical Libraries Department. The syllabus comprises the following topics: Informatics as a scientific discipline, Organization of information work, Information provision techniques, Information retrieval…

Sokolov A. V.; Mankevich A. I.

460

Is Longing Only for Germans? A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Sehnsucht in Germany and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Sehnsucht", the longing or yearning for ideal yet seemingly unreachable states of life, is a salient topic in German culture and has proven useful for understanding self-regulation across adulthood in a German sample (e.g., Scheibe, Freund, & Baltes, 2007). The current study tested whether findings for German samples could be generalized to the…

Scheibe, Susanne; Blanchard-Fields, Fredda; Wiest, Maja; Freund, Alexandra M.

2011-01-01

461

She Is My Language Broker: How Does Cultural Capital Benefit Asian Immigrant Children in the United States?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural capital benefits Asian immigrant children when they become language brokers. This skill can also benefit their parents and families in the United States. Language brokering may shape and possibly enhance students' academic performance and can further children's linguistic and academic achievement. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)

Md-Yunus, Sham'ah

2011-01-01

462

H. R. 2738: A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, with respect to benefits for individuals who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service, and for other purposes, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, June 24, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on June 24, 1991 to amend title 38, United States Code with respect to benefits for individuals who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service. Key features addressed in separate sections include the following: expansion of a list of diseases presumed to be service-connected for certain radiation-exposed veteran and elimination of latency-period limitations; and adjudication of claims based on exposure to ionizing radiation.

Not Available

1991-01-01

463

Idiom of distress or delusional state? Cultural clash as the cause of misdiagnosis: a case report.  

PubMed

The Beta Israel (House of Israel) represent a total number of more than 100,000 individuals. Ethiopian Jewish culture is based on a tribal cultural model. With their arrival in Israel, many difficulties surfaced. Ethiopian Jews had to deal with cultural choices that challenged their traditions. It has been suggested that the trauma of their journey coupled to the difficulties of the adaptation process to Israeli society, ( the culture shock), was directly responsible for psychopathology found among this population. It also appeared that culture plays a central role in the construction of the clinical picture, blurring at times the boundary between expressions of distress and pathology. It became increasingly difficult to draw the line between culturally normative behavior and psychopathology. The following case report underlines the importance of socio cultural considerations in both staff and patients, and illustrates the dangers of misdiagnosis due to patient therapeutic team cultural clash. A 41 year old woman of Ethiopian origin was hospitalized for suspected schizophrenia. Because of the striking contrast between the patients behavior, responses and so called psychotic content, possible misunderstanding based on cultural differences was considered by the clinical management team. This case underlines the dangers of the psychiatric diagnostic process, emphasizes the important role of sociocultural backgrounds of both staff and patients in patient management and encourages the consideration of cultural factors in all patient evaluations. PMID:21572245

Ulman, Anne-Marie; Bar, Faina

2011-01-01

464

The cultural gap delivering health care services to Arab American populations in the United States.  

PubMed

The relationship between Middle Eastern patients and populations of Arab origin with western health care professionals are by no means free of cultural misunderstandings. The relationship is often strained by mutual cultural misunderstanding as well as communicative and linguistic hardship. Even though people from the Middle East do vary racially, they do have shared values and behavior. This can include the importance of family cohesion, and interactive attitudes toward ailments and health. Some issues and concerns in providing health care could vary from attaining adequate information to communicated suggested behavioral change by a patient. Culturally and linguistically appropriate guidelines are warranted to provide an understanding of the cultural distinctiveness of Arab Eastern patients by shortening the gap between the Arab cultures with the western medical culture thus improving their healthcare needs. PMID:20397570

Aboul-Enein, Basil H; Aboul-Enein, Faisal H

2010-01-01

465

Russian Military Procurement: Putin's Impact on Decision-Making and Budgeting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the central features of the evolving relationship between the defence industry and the state in Russia in light of the military procurement program for the 2007–2015 period. Given the extent of changes affecting the defence industrial sector, and the amount of extra-budgetary funding dedicated to military procurement, the Russian government's efforts seem primarily geared toward rejuvenating the

Nebojsa Bjelakovic

2008-01-01

466

Private Education in Chile under the Military Regime (1973-1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the development of private education in Chile since the military coup of 1973, in the context of the military regime's neoconservative political and ideological aims. Despite these professed aims, copious evidence is presented to suggest that the need of an authoritarian state to maintain "national security" by suppressing all…

Magendzo, Abraham; And Others

467

Industrial Policies and Practices in the Employment of Retired Military Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was made of the policies and practices of 750 of the largest United States corporations (500 industrial firms and 250 commercial banks, life insurance companies, merchandising firms, transportation companies, and utilities) in employing retired military personnel. The importance of age, education, and military experience was examined.…

Jensen, Alvin Carl

468

Award of Credit for Military Training USF Policy #34-001 Veterans Services for Students  

E-print Network

Award of Credit for Military Training USF Policy #34-001 Veterans Services for Students (BOG 6.013 Military Veterans and Active Duty) Students who are or were eligible members of the United States Armed in the excess hours fee per BOG Regulation 7.003. Priority course registration will be provided for each veteran

Meyers, Steven D.

469

BENEFITS FOR UNIVERSITY OF UTAH EMPLOYEES ON MILITARY LEAVES OF ABSENCE  

E-print Network

to the retirement accounts of employees on military LOA and employees participating in the Utah State Retirement the time limits set by USERRA, all missed retirement contributions will be made for employees participating at the rate of pay the employee would have received but for the military LOA. Supplemental Retirement Accounts

Provancher, William

470

Kriegsraison or Military Necessity? The Bush Administration's Wilhelmine Attitude Towards the Conduct of War  

Microsoft Academic Search

One phrase from a memorandum issued by President George W. Bush early in the War on Terror offers an effective summary of a radically transformed military doctrine. “As a matter of policy,” Bush wrote, “the United States Armed Forces shall continue to treat detainees humanely and, to the extent appropriate and consistent with military necessity, in a manner consistent with

Scott Horton

2006-01-01

471

The Proud Story of Military Child Care: An Exchange Trend Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Barbara Thompson, the Director of the Office of Family Policy/Children and Youth in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. In the interview, Thompson talks about trends in military child care in the United States. She shares when the military got into the business of providing child care. She also talks…

Neugebauer, Roger

2011-01-01

472

On optimization of auction mechanism in the military logistics based on the game Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of economy and society, it brings significant challenges to the State and military construction, but also produces a broad cooperation prospect and space. The integration between military and civilian is apparent, and the industry boundaries have become more blurred. Cooperation in all walks of life has become an irresistible trend. The paper, explains the importance and

Ping Yao; Jiang Dali; Zhu Tianju

2010-01-01

473

Role of Daptomycin in the Induction and Persistence of the Viable but Non-Culturable State of Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilms  

PubMed Central

We have recently demonstrated that antibiotic pressure can induce the viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state in Staphylococcus aureus biofilms. Since dormant bacterial cells can undermine anti-infective therapy, a greater understanding of the role of antibiotics of last resort, including daptomycin, is crucial. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus 10850 biofilms were maintained on non-nutrient (NN) agar in the presence or absence of the MIC of daptomycin until loss of culturability. Viable cells were monitored by epifluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry for 150 days. All biofilms reached non-culturability at 40 days and showed a similar amount of viable cells; however, in biofilms exposed to daptomycin, their number remained unchanged throughout the experiment, whereas in those maintained on NN agar alone, no viable cells were detected after 150 days. Gene expression assays showed that after achievement of non-culturability, 16S rDNA and mecA were expressed by all biofilms, whereas glt expression was found only in daptomycin-exposed biofilms. Our findings suggest that low daptomycin concentrations, such as those that are likely to obtain within biofilms, can influence the viability and gene expression of non-culturable S. aureus cells. Resuscitation experiments are needed to establish the VBNC state of daptomycin-exposed biofilms.

Pasquaroli, Sonia; Citterio, Barbara; Di Cesare, Andrea; Amiri, Mehdi; Manti, Anita; Vuotto, Claudia; Biavasco, Francesca

2014-01-01

474

Correlations between social-emotional feelings and anterior insula activity are independent from visceral states but influenced by culture  

PubMed Central

The anterior insula (AI) maps visceral states and is active during emotional experiences, a functional confluence that is central to neurobiological accounts of feelings. Yet, it is unclear how AI activity correlates with feelings during social emotions, and whether this correlation may be influenced by culture, as studies correlating real-time AI activity with visceral states and feelings have focused on Western subjects feeling physical pain or basic disgust. Given psychological evidence that social-emotional feelings are cognitively constructed within cultural frames, we asked Chinese and American participants to report their feeling strength to admiration and compassion-inducing narratives during fMRI with simultaneous electrocardiogram recording. Trial-by-trial, cardiac arousal and feeling strength correlated with ventral and dorsal AI activity bilaterally but predicted different variance, suggesting that interoception and social-emotional feeling construction are concurrent but dissociable AI functions. Further, although the variance that correlated with cardiac arousal did not show cultural effects, the variance that correlated with feelings did. Feeling strength was especially associated with ventral AI activity (the autonomic modulatory sector) in the Chinese group but with dorsal AI activity (the visceral-somatosensory/cognitive sector) in an American group not of Asian descent. This cultural group difference held after controlling for posterior insula (PI) activity and was replicated. A bi-cultural East-Asian American group showed intermediate results. The findings help elucidate how the AI supports feelings and suggest that previous reports that dorsal AI activation reflects feeling strength are culture related. More broadly, the results suggest that the brain's ability to construct conscious experiences of social emotion is less closely tied to visceral processes than neurobiological models predict and at least partly open to cultural influence and learning.

Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen; Yang, Xiao-Fei; Damasio, Hanna

2014-01-01

475

Impact of Culture on Lactation Policies: The Case of United States and Liberia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Programs or policies that are effective in reducing social problems have several things in common: They acknowledge the realities of culture, respect the sociocultural underpinnings of the community, and are often built on an innovative understanding of the issues. Policies that are created without regard for the culture in which they are to operate are destined to fail. This study

Andrea Parrot

2008-01-01

476

Managerial Values Across Cultures: Australia, Hong Kong and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between personal managerial values and a range of important organisational variables has increasingly been recognised. Personal values are shaped by the wider cultural milieu in which the individual is socialised. Managers from different cultural contexts may therefore be expected to possess different work and business-related values. However, exposure to a more universalistic managerial ethos may also generate a

Robert I. Westwood; Barry Z. Posner

1997-01-01

477

The social role of artists in Post-Soviet Moldova: Cultural policy, Europeanisation, and the state  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses documents and debates produced by the Council of Europe's review of cultural policy in Moldova. Whereas the Council of Europe encourages Moldova's cultural institutions, administrators, and artists to actively participate in building a democratic, capitalistic, and multiethnic society, these same individuals define their own professional activities as anti-political and anti-economic. The topics broached and avoided in Moldova's

Jennifer R. Cash

2007-01-01

478

Culture Industry Policy in China and the United States: A Comparative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a consensus that culture industry is assuming a more important economic development function in most countries of the world today. As a result of this consensus, the purpose of this paper is to investigate, through a comparative analysis, how China can improve its existing public policies to nurture an environment where culture industry develops and prospers. The paper

Guan Ping Qin; Hao Wei; Xi Wang

2009-01-01

479

Post-Soviet transformation of Lithuanian state cultural policy: the meanings of democratisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a general overview of the process of the democratisation of cultural policy in Lithuania by exploring explicit arguments about democratisation in debates and policy documents in Lithuania (1988–2011). At the early stage of transformation (1988–1992), democratisation was envisaged as the administrative decentralisation of political institutions, particularly the Ministry of Culture, and as the introduction of democratic principles,

Egl? Rindzevi?i?t?

2012-01-01

480

Research of information classification and strategy intelligence extract algorithm based on military strategy hall  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Constructing virtual international strategy environment needs many kinds of information, such as economy, politic, military, diploma, culture, science, etc. So it is very important to build an information auto-extract, classification, recombination and analysis management system with high efficiency as the foundation and component of military strategy hall. This paper firstly use improved Boost algorithm to classify obtained initial information, then use a strategy intelligence extract algorithm to extract strategy intelligence from initial information to help strategist to analysis information.

Chen, Lei; Li, Dehua; Yang, Jie

2007-12-01

481

Military space station implications. Study project  

SciTech Connect

Justifying the relevancy of a Manned Military Space Station (MMSS) and subsequently proposing its deployment to capitalize upon the United States' national security interests is the essence and purpose of this group study project. The MMSS is intended to perform a two-fold purpose: (1) facilitate military peacetime operations while simultaneously supporting and promoting civilian space initiatives; and, (2) act as a force multiplier for space and terrestrial force operations in the event of conventional, theater nuclear, and/or strategic nuclear war. Data to support the future value of the MMSS was obtained from individual and group research using unclassified sources such as professional journals, books, US Air Force Staff College reference material, and information from the US Air Force space coordinating staff in Washington, DC. The importance of space to our future and especially of a MMSS by America's national leaders and its people has yet to be fully appreciated and/or realized. The significance of space and its nexus to the United States' national security has been growing dramatically in importance since the launching of the Sputnik in 1957 by Russian. Space, as the forth dimension, cannot and should not be understated in importance as it relates to commercialism, deterrence to war, and to the stability of world order.

Bourne, G.D.; Skirvin, G.D.; Wilson, G.R.

1987-03-23

482

32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.  

...education and military training. In accomplishing its mission, the Military Academy strives to develop in each cadet the following traits...and motivation provided by a sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for...

2014-07-01

483

Cognitive Biases in Military Decision Making.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the applicability of recent findings from behavioral economics to military decision making. Army manuals concerning the Military Decision Making Process mention general biases in decision making but do not mention specific biases or sp...

M. J. Janser

2007-01-01

484

Benefits for Military Veterans with ALS  

MedlinePLUS

... Share Print Military Veterans Resources for Military Veterans, Families & Survivors The ALS Association is working everyday to support people with ALS and their families, including our heroes who have served in the ...

485

Military Kids: Responding to Their Grief  

MedlinePLUS

Military Kids: Responding to Their Grief By Helen Fitzgerald, CT To fully understand what children go through ... To the unique type of grief of the military child, we can add two more burdens: constant ...

486

Military Family Projects at Zero to Three  

MedlinePLUS

... podcast series is generously funded by MetLife Foundation. Military Family Projects Home > About Us > Funded Projects > Coming ... have a strong start in life. Honoring Our Military and Veterans’ Families November has been designated as ...

487

Coming Home: Adjustments for Military Families  

MedlinePLUS

... and print a PDF version of this document . Military families look forward to being together after a ... and the children. Understanding the Returning Family Member Military deployments, especially in a combat zone, can significantly ...

488

Master of Military Art and Science (MMAS) Research and Thesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the requirements for the degree of Master of Military Art and Science (MMAS) at the United States Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC), Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Chapter one outlines program requirements for the MMAS, discusses the place of research at CGSC, describes research requirements for the MMAS, and…

Army Command and General Staff Coll., Fort Leavenworth, KS.

489

NASA's Role in Aeronautics: A Workshop. Volume II - Military Aviation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central task of a 1980 workshop on the role of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in aeronautics was to examine the relationship of NASA's research capabilities to the state of U.S. aviation and to make recommendations about NASA's future role in aeronautics. The findings and recommendations of the Panel on Military

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Engineering.

490

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Light Frame Construction II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual for a secondary-postsecondary level course in light frame construction II is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose stated for the fifty-five hour course is for students to interpret construction…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

491

Survey of Speech Articulation Disorders Among Military Dependent Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported was a study involving 20,000 (army) military dependent children (MDC) attending 75 schools in seven school systems throughout the continental United States during 1971. Testing of 412 randomly selected MDC using the Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation revealed a significant correlation and associative factor between MDC speech…

Gordon, Don E.

492

The Combat-Exclusion Policy for Military Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history and meaning of the combat exclusion policy for United States servicewomen. Noting that combat duty is often essential to career advancement in the military, this article describes several cases of discrimination resulting from the effects of the combat exclusion. (JDH)

Schneider, Dorothy; Schneider, Carl J.

1986-01-01

493

Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Light Frame Construction I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual for a secondary-postsecondary-level course in light frame construction I is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Purpose stated for the fifty-hour course is for students to develop the skills required in…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

494

Heavy vehicle automation: transitioning from civilian to military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe potential military robotics applications for the heavy vehicle automation and driver assistance research that has been conducted on at the California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH). Specifically, we summarize the state of vehicle automation research at PATH by beginning with a short description of automated platoon operations with eight light duty passenger vehicles. Then we focus

James A. Misener; Steven E. Shladover; Dan Empey; Han-Shue Tan

2001-01-01

495

Liminal Cultural Work in Family Childcare: Latino Immigrant Family Childcare Providers and Bicultural Childrearing in the United States, 2002-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immigrants find themselves in a liminal state of limbo between two societies. In this zone, competing cultural ideas coexist. This essay examines how Latino immigrant family childcare providers in the United States questioned US norms of childrearing and how they engaged in liminal cultural work to produce a bicultural childrearing. They are…

Uttal, Lynet

2010-01-01

496

The Caltech Political Military Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Caltech political military exercise (PME) is a game in which players assume roles of leaders of various countries and attempt to act as they think these leaders would in a time of international crises. The main purposes of the exercise are (1) to provide students with an experience in crisis diplomacy and policy formation, and (2) to provide a…

Munger, E. S.; And Others

497

THE TECHNOLOGY OF MILITARY TRAINING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS DOCUMENT IS PART OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF A CONFERENCE ON OPERATIONAL AND PERSONNEL RESEARCH IN THE MANAGEMENT OF MANPOWER SYSTEMS, HELD IN BRUSSELS IN 1965. A MODEL ILLUSTRATES THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN IMPROVED MILITARY INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM WHICH PROVIDES CONTINUOUS FEEDBACK AND CONTROL OF LEARNING. THE TRAINING COURSE INCLUDES--(1) A CLEAR…

WALLIS, D.

498

Soviet military strategy in space  

SciTech Connect

This book examines the Soviet military space effort from its infancy in the 1950s to the spy craft and anti-satellite systems of today. It describes in detail the Soviet equivalents of the U.S. Star Wars program and explains technical and political issues in laymen's terms. A full text of major arms control agreements completes the volume.

Johnson, N.L.

1987-01-01

499

Military Recreation and Mission Accomplishment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of military recreation to mission accomplishment in the armed forces, noting the current financial problems faced by many such programs. The article discusses sports, entertainment, arts and crafts, libraries, and outdoor recreation, all of which contribute to readiness, deployment, recruitment, and retention. (SM)

Kinsman, Francis R.

1991-01-01

500

Supporting Students from Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last decade, more than 800,000 parents of school-age children have been deployed by the U.S. military. Many have deployed more than once and for extended periods, often longer than a year. As a result, increasing numbers of students experience significant distress on a daily basis and are at increased risk for behavioral problems, decreased…

Rossen, Eric; Carter, Courtney D.

2012-01-01