Science.gov

Sample records for minicomputers

  1. Minicomputer For Biomechanical Research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shierman, Gail; Rhymes, Tom

    1982-02-01

    The increased capabilities of minicomputers today allows a biomechanics laboratory to establish a self-contained computer system for a reasonable price. The system includes a microprocessor, a printer and a CRT. Analog to digital conversion is an important feature to consider as well as the ability to interface with a mainframe computer. A minicomputer adapted for film analysis should be a consideration for data analysis when developing a cinematography laboratory. For the past 10-15 years the area of biomechanics has enjoyed the advances in technology. Equipment and instrumentation once used exclusively by engineers and physicists have become readily available to those involved with snorts analyses. Among the various pieces of equipment accessible to biomechanists today, probably the most important one is the computer. At this time several biomechanics laboratories are using the computer to analyze kinematic and kinetic data obtained from film. The computer in use at each school is generally the main University or College computer with a remote terminal set-up in the biomechanics laboratory. This system functions well if there is adequate response from the time-sharing system of the main computer, and if there is at least one knowledgeable technician available. With the trend toward minicomputers today, their increased capabilities, and their ease of use, a self-contained minicomputer system in the biomechanics laboratory appears to be a viable alternative. The computer system in use in the ,Biomechanics Laboratory at the University of Oklahoma is based around the Cromemco Z2D computer connected to a PCD motion analyzer (Figure 1). The data acquisition system consists of the eight-bit microprocessor-based minicomputer connected to an analog to digital converter (ADC). As a terminal for the computer, we have either a video display unit or a Model 43 Teletype. The Model 43 provides a hard copy out-put while the video terminal provides much faster I/O, useful for debugging and program development. The computer itself consists of the high current power supply mounted behind a 22 slot card cage. The CPU, 48K-byte memory, and I/O cards plug into the S100 card cage slots. The size of the power supply, in addition to the large number of card slots, give the Cromemco Z2D considerably more flexibility and expandability than more common "home computer" systems. The basic computer also includes two 51/4 inch flexible disk drives with a disk controller card capable of running four disk drives. As mentioned, one of the slots contains a card for analog to digital conversion. This particular card has seven analog input channels and seven analog output channels. Two of the analog inputs are allocated by the biomechanics program to the x and y data channels of the PCD film analyzer. In between the PCD machine and the ADC inputs, it is necessary to use a few circuits for analog signal conditioning. These circuits are used to match the 0 to 5 volt output of the film analyzer to the -2.56 to +2.54 voltage range of the ADC. In additon to the analog conversion card mentioned above, other cards available include parallel I/O, serial I/O, and TV video display drivers. The serial I/O card supports two channels of serial data which are useful for communication with other computers via a modem and output to printers. Figure 2 illustrates the configuration of this set-up. Although the cost of the Cromemco Z2D ($10,000) is somewhat higher than other computers available, the A-D conversion and extensive I/O canabilities are important features that must be considered. The system can either stand alone or be interfaced with a mainframe computer via a serial I/O port, another important asoect when time-sharing is not only expensive but difficult to obtain. A third reason for choosing this computer is its compactness; it is small enough to be placed on a moveable rack and can be rolled around to any location without the need for exoansion interfaces or additional power supplies.

  2. Dedicated Minicomputers In Optical Design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gustafson, Darryl E.

    1980-09-01

    Advancing computer technology led to the introduction of powerful minicomputer tools for optical design in 1975. Continuing hardware advances have opened up further options for the optical designer while expectations of program performance and scope have risen. Various hardware/software optical design products have appeared and will continue to be developed, giving the optical designer a wide range of choices. The development of an effective system for optical design involves consideration of many goals and tradeoffs relating to both hard-ware and software. These include: scope of program - decentered, multimode, no bilateral symmetry requirement, "large machine" capability; ease of use - the human interface; speed of computation and peripherals - benchmark results; memory size limitations; efficiency of memory use by the program; cost of hardware needed to embody the chosen scope of program; reliability and service; means of software updating; and future growth potential. These tradeoffs will be reviewed in the context of the CODE VTM hardware system.

  3. A NASA family of minicomputer systems, Appendix A

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Deregt, M. P.; Dulfer, J. E.

    1972-01-01

    This investigation was undertaken to establish sufficient specifications, or standards, for minicomputer hardware and software to provide NASA with realizable economics in quantity purchases, interchangeability of minicomputers, software, storage and peripherals, and a uniformly high quality. The standards will define minicomputer system component types, each specialized to its intended NASA application, in as many levels of capacity as required.

  4. Minicomputer Capabilities Related to Meteorological Aspects of Emergency Response

    SciTech Connect

    Rarnsdell, J. V.; Athey, G. F.; Ballinger, M. Y.

    1982-02-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide the NRC staff involved in reviewing licensee emergency response plans with background information on the capabilities of minicomputer systems that are related to the collection and dissemination of meteorological infonmation. The treatment of meteorological information by organizations with existing emergency response capabilities is described, and the capabilities, reliability and availability of minicomputers and minicomputer systems are discussed.

  5. Minicomputer Games. Teacher's Guide. Classroom Lessons and Games Centered around the Papy Minicomputer...A Source of Rich Situations That Call for Mental Arithmetic and Quick Strategic Thinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CEMREL, Inc., St. Louis, MO.

    This material describes two games, Minicomputer Tug-of-War and Minicomputer Golf. The Papy Minicomputer derives its name from George Papy, who invented and introduced it in the 1950's. The Minicomputer is seen as an abacus with the flavor of a computer in its schematic representation of numbers. Its manner of representation combines decimal…

  6. Cost-effective use of minicomputers to solve structural problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Storaasli, O. O.; Foster, E. P.

    1978-01-01

    Minicomputers are receiving increased use throughout the aerospace industry. Until recently, their use focused primarily on process control and numerically controlled tooling applications, while their exposure to and the opportunity for structural calculations has been limited. With the increased availability of this computer hardware, the question arises as to the feasibility and practicality of carrying out comprehensive structural analysis on a minicomputer. This paper presents results on the potential for using minicomputers for structural analysis by (1) selecting a comprehensive, finite-element structural analysis system in use on large mainframe computers; (2) implementing the system on a minicomputer; and (3) comparing the performance of the minicomputers with that of a large mainframe computer for the solution to a wide range of finite element structural analysis problems.

  7. Integrated computer-aided design using minicomputers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Storaasli, O. O.

    1980-01-01

    Computer-Aided Design/Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAD/CAM), a highly interactive software, has been implemented on minicomputers at the NASA Langley Research Center. CAD/CAM software integrates many formerly fragmented programs and procedures into one cohesive system; it also includes finite element modeling and analysis, and has been interfaced via a computer network to a relational data base management system and offline plotting devices on mainframe computers. The CAD/CAM software system requires interactive graphics terminals operating at a minimum of 4800 bits/sec transfer rate to a computer. The system is portable and introduces 'interactive graphics', which permits the creation and modification of models interactively. The CAD/CAM system has already produced designs for a large area space platform, a national transonic facility fan blade, and a laminar flow control wind tunnel model. Besides the design/drafting element analysis capability, CAD/CAM provides options to produce an automatic program tooling code to drive a numerically controlled (N/C) machine. Reductions in time for design, engineering, drawing, finite element modeling, and N/C machining will benefit productivity through reduced costs, fewer errors, and a wider range of configuration.

  8. A small inexpensive minicomputer system for speech research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morris, C. F.

    1975-01-01

    A small but very effective minicomputer-based speech processing system costing just over 30,000 dollars is described here. The hardware and software comprising the system are discussed as well as immediate and future research applications.

  9. Computer configuration management for scientific mini-computers

    SciTech Connect

    Baston, J.E.

    1982-01-01

    A computer configuration management system for scientific mini-computers has been developed and is being implemented at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The goal of this system is to assure EG and G Idaho, Inc. the ability to produce and maintain cost-effective, quality mini-computer systems for data acquisition and reduction in an environment of changing requirements, mobile personnel, and rapidly advancing technology.

  10. CAISYS-8- A CAI Language Developed For A Minicomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holm, Cheryl; And Others

    The University of Texas Medical Branch developed a minicomputer-based computer-assisted instruction (CAI) system which employed a teacher oriented software package called CAISYS-8, consisting of a highly modularized teaching compiler and operating system. CAISYS-8 used instructional quanta which generalized the flow of information to and from the…

  11. Why Use a Minicomputer? Some Factors Affecting Their Selection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wainwright, Jane

    A study of computer facilities in British libraries highlighted the respective benefits and disadvantages of using the parent institution's central computer or using a dedicated minicomputer. The large computer's technical advantages include greater opportunities for sharing or buying operational software, and the availability of experienced…

  12. Mini-Computer Systems--A New Class of General Purpose Computer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turnblade, Richard C.

    The Mini-Computer is compared with the general purpose computer. On a performance basis the Mini-Computer shows several interesting comparisons with the System 360 computer. The Mini-Computer core cycle, instruction execution speeds, and disc operating speeds are quite similar to the much larger 360-30 and 40 while its magnetic tape speeds are…

  13. Recent Trends in Minicomputer-Based Integrated Learning Systems for Reading and Language Arts Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balajthy, Ernest

    This paper discusses minicomputer-based ILSs (integrated learning systems), i.e., computer-based systems of hardware and software. An example of a minicomputer-based system in a school district (a composite of several actual districts) considers hardware, staffing, scheduling, reactions, problems, and training for a subskill-oriented reading…

  14. Migration of 1970s Minicomputer Controls to Modern Toolkit Software

    SciTech Connect

    Juras, R.C.; Meigs, M.J.; Sinclair, J.A.; Tatum, B.A.

    1999-11-13

    Controls for accelerators and associated systems at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been migrated from 197Os-vintage minicomputers to a modern system based on Vista and EPICS toolkit software. Stability and capabilities of EPICS software have motivated increasing use of EPICS for accelerator controls. In addition, very inexpensive subsystems based on EPICS and the EPICS portable CA server running on Linux PCs have been implemented to control an ion source test facility and to control a building-access badge reader system. A new object-oriented, extensible display manager has been developed for EPICS to facilitate the transition to EPICS and will be used in place of MEDM. EPICS device support has been developed for CAMAC serial highway controls.

  15. Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory's minicomputer vs. the laser. [computer predictions for laser tracking stations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cherniack, J. R.

    1973-01-01

    Review of some of the problems encountered in replacing a CDC 6400, that was used for supplying a network of laser tracking stations with predictions, by an 8K Data General 1200 minicomputer with a teletype for I/O. Before the replacement, the predictions were expensive to compute and to transmit, and were clumsy logistically. The achieved improvements are described, along with every step it took to accomplish them, and the incurred costs.

  16. A brief description of the Medical Information Computer System (MEDICS). [real time minicomputer system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moseley, E. C.

    1974-01-01

    The Medical Information Computer System (MEDICS) is a time shared, disk oriented minicomputer system capable of meeting storage and retrieval needs for the space- or non-space-related applications of at least 16 simultaneous users. At the various commercially available low cost terminals, the simple command and control mechanism and the generalized communication activity of the system permit multiple form inputs, real-time updating, and instantaneous retrieval capability with a full range of options.

  17. A minicomputer based software system for the selection of optimal subsets of Thematic Mapper channels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Card, D. H.; Angelici, G. L.

    1983-01-01

    A software system has been developed and implemented on a minicomputer for feature selection based on two inter-dependent methods. The first is an enhancement of the traditional approach based on optimizing interclass average separabilities. The second is based on a Monte Carlo simulation of multispectral data and machine classification with subsequent estimation of classification accuracy as a function of channel subset. The two methods are mutually supportive - the first allows rapid screening whereas the second is based on the more solid theoretical foundation of maximizing classification accuracy.

  18. Using joined minicomputer-microcomputer systems for intricate sample and data manipulations

    SciTech Connect

    Meng, J.D.

    1980-09-01

    We have produced, over the past three years, three automated x-ray fluorescence based elemental analysis systems, that combine a minicomputer and a microcomputer to perform intricate sample and data manipulations. The mini-micro combination facilitates the reuse of sizable sections of hardware and programs for different x-ray analysis projects. Each of our systems has been a step closer to an optimum general solution. The combination reaps economic benefits throughout development, fabrication and maintenance, an important consideration for designers of custom-built, one-of-a-kind data analysis systems such as these.

  19. Prickett and Lonnquist aquifer simulation program for the Apple II minicomputer

    SciTech Connect

    Hull, L.C.

    1983-02-01

    The Prickett and Lonnquist two-dimensional groundwater model has been programmed for the Apple II minicomputer. Both leaky and nonleaky confined aquifers can be simulated. The model was adapted from the FORTRAN version of Prickett and Lonnquist. In the configuration presented here, the program requires 64 K bits of memory. Because of the large number of arrays used in the program, and memory limitations of the Apple II, the maximum grid size that can be used is 20 rows by 20 columns. Input to the program is interactive, with prompting by the computer. Output consists of predicted lead values at the row-column intersections (nodes).

  20. A Minicomputer Based Scheme for Turbulence Measurements with Pulsed Doppler Ultrasound

    PubMed Central

    Craig, J. I.; Saxena, Vijay; Giddens, D. P.

    1979-01-01

    The present paper describes the design and performance of a digital-based Doppler signal processing system that is currently being used in hemodynamics research on arteriosclerosis. The major emphasis is on the development of the digital signal processing technique and its implementation in a small but powerful minicomputer. The work reported on here is part of a larger ongoing effort that the authors are undertaking to study the structure of turbulence in blood flow and its relation to arteriosclerosis. Some of the techniques and instruments developed are felt to have a broad applicability to fluid mechanics and especially to pipe flow fluid mechanics.

  1. Potential of minicomputer/array-processor system for nonlinear finite-element analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Strohkorb, G. A.; Noor, A. K.

    1983-01-01

    The potential of using a minicomputer/array-processor system for the efficient solution of large-scale, nonlinear, finite-element problems is studied. A Prime 750 is used as the host computer, and a software simulator residing on the Prime is employed to assess the performance of the Floating Point Systems AP-120B array processor. Major hardware characteristics of the system such as virtual memory and parallel and pipeline processing are reviewed, and the interplay between various hardware components is examined. Effective use of the minicomputer/array-processor system for nonlinear analysis requires the following: (1) proper selection of the computational procedure and the capability to vectorize the numerical algorithms; (2) reduction of input-output operations; and (3) overlapping host and array-processor operations. A detailed discussion is given of techniques to accomplish each of these tasks. Two benchmark problems with 1715 and 3230 degrees of freedom, respectively, are selected to measure the anticipated gain in speed obtained by using the proposed algorithms on the array processor.

  2. Ruggedized minicomputer hardware and software topics, 1981: Proceedings of the 4th ROLM MIL-SPEC Computer User's Group Conference

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    Presentations of a conference on the use of ruggedized minicomputers are summarized. The following topics are discussed: (1) the role of minicomputers in the development and/or certification of commercial or military airplanes in both the United States and Europe; (2) generalized software error detection techniques; (3) real time software development tools; (4) a redundancy management research tool for aircraft navigation/flight control sensors; (5) extended memory management techniques using a high order language; and (6) some comments on establishing a system maintenance scheme. Copies of presentation slides are also included.

  3. The use of a multi-processor minicomputer for communication system simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Binder, R.; Kuo, F. F.

    1974-01-01

    An experimental facility is described which allows new computer communications techniques to be tested under conditions closely approximating those of real systems. A three-processor minicomputer configuration is used to achieve real-time operation at channel transmission rates of up to 50 Kbits per second. One processor runs a channel controller-concentrator program, a second is dedicated to simulation of the communication channel characteristics, and the third to the simulation of up to 1000 user terminals. The latter are divided into classes consisting of interactive time-sharing users of differing characteristics and file nodes, mixed in different proportions. Real user nodes are connected to the channel simulator processor, providing experience with actual operating characteristics under different channel loadings.

  4. A minicomputer system for analyzing and reporting pilot plant fermentor data

    SciTech Connect

    Bowksi, L.; Perley, C.R.; West, J.M.

    1983-05-01

    In 1979, a minicomputer system was developed for Hoffmann-La Roche by ABEC, Inc. for the purpose of achieving on-line analysis and reporting of data from 16 70-L pilot-plant fermentators (New Brunswick Scientific Co.). The system consists of a PDP 11/60 computer with 96K core capacity, two RL01 disk drives, two RX01 floppy-disk drives, LA-36 DECwriter terminal, Tektronix CRT, and Versatec printer plotter. DEC, PDP, RSX, RL01, RX01, LA-36, and DECwriter are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation. The computer software comprises three distinct groups of programs. RSX-11M is a disk-based operating system that allows quick response to realtime events, such as process monitoring and data acquisition, while carrying out less time-dependent activities, such as program development and graphical output. The AIM (Biles, Inc.) system is used to acquire and convert the voltage signals produced by pilot-plant instrumentation into engineering units. Analysis and graphical output are executed by ABEC and Versatec supplied programs. The most beneficial task performed by the computer is the production of graphical output of a variety of measured and analyzed data. This has led to an increase in personnel productiv ity and design of more meaningful experiments. An ancillary function of the system is to pick up data logged by a PDP 11/03 computer from a remote fermentation production plant by means of a MODEM interfaced communication link. Production data are analyzed and presented in a form dentical with pilot-plant data. The experience with the system is discussed in this article.

  5. A minicomputer system for analyzing and reporting pilot plant fermentor data.

    PubMed

    Bowski, L; Perley, C R; West, J M

    1983-05-01

    In 1979, a minicomputer system was developed for Hoffmann-La Roche by ABEC, Inc. for the purpose of achieving on-line analysis and reporting of data from 16 70-L pilot-plant fermentors (New Brunswick Scientific Co.). The system consists of a PDP 11/60 computer with 96K core capacity, two RL01 disk drives, two RX01 floppy-disk drives, LA-36 DECwriter terminal, Tektronix CRT, and Versatec printer plotter. DEC, PDP, RSX, RL01, RX01, LA-36, and DECwriter are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation. The computer software comprises three distinct groups of programs. RSX-11M is a disk-based operating system that allows quick response to realtime events, such as process monitoring and data acquisition, while carrying out less time-dependent activities, such as program development and graphical output. The AIM (Biles, Inc.) system is used to acquire and convert the voltage signals produced by pilot-plant instrumentation into engineering units. Analysis and graphical output are executed by ABEC and Versatec supplied programs. The most beneficial task performed by the computer is the production of graphical output of a variety of measured and analyzed data. This has led to an increase in personnel productivity and design of more meaningful experiments. An ancillary function of the system is to pick up data logged by a PDP 11/03 computer from a remote fermentation production plant by means of a MODEM interfaced communication link. Production data are analyzed and presented in a form identical with pilot-plant data. The experience with the system is discussed in this article. PMID:18548757

  6. An interactive two-dimensinal finite element process modelling package for a single user mini-computer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferguson, R. S.; Doherty, J. G.

    1984-12-01

    The algorithms and models of an accurate finite element based simulation of th eprocessing steps of semiconductor wafer fabrication are described. Properties of the latest generation of single user mini-computers allow the process engineer to use the computer package in an interactive mode. The process steps modelled are, implantation, oxidation/diffusion and annealing. Implantation models are based on the well-tested one-dimensional statistical distributions. Interaction between impurity atoms is assumed to be mainly through the built-in field. To obtain an accurate estimate of the built-in field, the non-linear Poisson equation is solved at the same nodes and in the same elements used for the simulation of the diffusion process. On making the assumption that small time steps are taken in the numerical formulation of the diffusion problem, the finite element equation system becomes linear and can be rapidly solved. Each impurity is assumed to diffuse independently in a non-uniform electric field, enhanced by a component due to the other impurities. Coupling between oxidation and diffusion is accounted for by a simple algorithm that deforms the solution mesh after the oxidising agent reacts with silicon to create a larger volume of SiO 2.

  7. Application of a ground based minicomputer system for real time, closed loop control of remotely piloted aircraft models used in stall/spin research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montoya, R. J.; Jai, A. R.

    1979-01-01

    The paper describes a minicomputer-based, real-time closed loop remote control system at NASA Langley outdoor facility which is used to determine the stall/departure/spin characteristics of high-performance aircraft. The experiments are conducted with 15% dynamically scaled, unpowered models that are dropped from 3000 m and ground controlled. The effects of time delays and sampling rates on the stability of the control system and the selection of digital algorithms to meet frequency response and real time constraints are examined. Also described is the implementation of the modular software for the flexible programming of multi-axis control laws.

  8. Comparison of seven performance measures in a time-delayed manipulation task. [with Rancho arm using minicomputer-based data taker

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hill, J. W.

    1976-01-01

    Real-time performance data was collected during a pick-up task carried out with a Rancho master-slave manipulator using a minicomputer-based data taker. In addition to the usual task-time measurements, computer algorithms to integrate the energy consumed and to count and time the number of moves were implemented. In addition to these measures, several derived measures such as the fraction of time moving (MRATIO) and mean time per move (MBAR) were obtained in an off-line analysis. Preliminary results of the time delay experiment indicate that two new measures, MRATIO and MBAR, are almost an order of magnitude more sensitive than task time, the conventional measure, in determining performance changes with transmission delays in the range from 0.0 to 1.0s.

  9. Programmable Calculators and Minicomputers in Agriculture. A Symposium Exploring Computerized Decision-Making Aids and Their Extension to the Farm Level. Proceedings of a Symposium (Hot Springs, Arkansas, February 6-7, 1980)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bentley, Ernest, Ed.

    Ten papers presented at a symposium discuss the array of computerized decision-making aids currently available to farmers and ways to speed up the rate of adoption of computers by agriculturalists. Topics presented include the development of software for agricultural decision-making; the role of programmable calculators and minicomputers in…

  10. Where Will the Minicomputer Lead Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leeson, Marjorie M.

    1975-01-01

    The responsibility of individuals working with computers both the mini and the maxi, must not only be envisioned but must also be accepted as one of the greatest challenges ever to face mankind. (Author)

  11. LISP machines come out of the lab (minicomputers)

    SciTech Connect

    Creeger, M.

    1983-11-01

    Artificial intelligence is becoming increasingly attractive to commercial users thanks to computer architectures designed to support the LISP language. As an example of the novel features of the new architectures, LISP Machine Inc.'s lambda machine is described.

  12. Use of Minicomputer Facilities for Higher Education Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swoyer, Vincent H.

    Experiments conducted between 1968 and 1973 studied the various ways that colleges might provide instructional computer access for students at reasonable cost. Ten colleges, representing a variety of computer needs and a diversity of preference in choice of computer vendor, configuration, and mode of operation, participated in an experiment to…

  13. Minicomputers in the Teaching Laboratory - An Example from Physics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farr, John E.; van den Berg, Willem H.

    Microcomputers are commonly interfaced to external devices in scientific, industrial, and consumer settings for data acquisition and for control. The general problem under consideration is the task of taking measurements of some continuous phenomenon, transforming them into digital form, and storing the data in the microcomputer for later use.…

  14. Evoked potential analysis: on-line signal optimization using a mini-computer.

    PubMed

    Hartwell, J W; Erwin, C W

    1976-10-01

    An automated computer-based system is described for the analysis of evoked potentials. All procedures are carried out in real-time A small computer performs the following functions; timing of random stimulus presentation, rejection of artifact contaminated responses, collection of digital data, computation of averaged evoked responses, computation of the Wiener filter, storage of the filtered and unfiltered averages and display of the resultant averages. The Wiener filter as described by Walter (1969) and Doyle (1975) is used to improve the estimate of the evoked potential by discriminating against frequencies likely to be contaminated with noise. The defining equation for the Wiener filter states that information at any frequency is to be weighted by the ratio of the power known to be in the signal (response) at that frequency over the corresponding power known to be in both the signal (response) and the noise (background EEG) at the same frequency. The technique requires the computation of the Fourier transform for each response in order to produce the power spectra necessary for the Wiener filter. Earlier reports dealing with this technique have usee large computers to analyze the evoked potential data off-line. The system described here allows for greater routine utilization of this powerful technique and the concomitant automated rejection of artifact contaminated responses. Highly improved estimates of the evoked potential are resultant using a minimal number of stimuli. PMID:60229

  15. Intelligent Vision On The SM9O Mini-Computer Basis And Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hawryszkiw, J.

    1985-02-01

    Distinction has to be made between image processing and vision Image processing finds its roots in the strong tradition of linear signal processing and promotes geometrical transform techniques, such as fi I tering , compression, and restoration. Its purpose is to transform an image for a human observer to easily extract from that image information significant for him. For example edges after a gradient operator, or a specific direction after a directional filtering operation. Image processing consists in fact in a set of local or global space-time transforms. The interpretation of the final image is done by the human observer. The purpose of vision is to extract the semantic content of the image. The machine can then understand that content, and run a process of decision, which turns into an action. Thus, intel I i gent vision depends on - Image processing - Pattern recognition - Artificial intel I igence

  16. Proving the correctness of a flight-director program for an airborne minicomputer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maurer, W. D.

    1977-01-01

    Program verification procedures are described and used to determine the correctness of a program written for an airborne computer. The basic method relies on the inductive assertion method of Floyd (1967), modified and extended for application to a machine-language situation. Correctness considerations in the flight director program include self-modification, system correctness, executable instructions, overflow, approximate calculations with fractional quantities, and fixed point scaling. An example proof of correctness, which proceeds by proving the correctness of a certain subroutine, is provided.

  17. Linking of the mini-computer Electronik-100I and NR-9821A

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zubkov, B. V.; Khromov, V. N.

    1979-01-01

    The means of transmitting digital information from the computer E-100I to the desk top calculator NR-9821A with the help of an intermediate carrier of information (perforated tape) is described. The means of removal of information from the computer E-100I in a form which is understandable for the NR-9821A are given. Instructions for the use and programming of the transcription of information onto magnetic tape from the perforated tape and from the keyboard of the calculator are included.

  18. The chemical abundances of the Cassiopeia A fast-moving knots - Explosive nucleosynthesis on a minicomputer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnston, M. D.; Joss, P. C.

    1980-01-01

    A simplified nuclear reaction network for explosive nucleosynthesis calculations is described in which only the most abundant nuclear species and the most important reactions linking these species are considered. This scheme permits the exploration of many cases without excessive computational effort. Good agreement with previous calculations employing more complex reaction networks is obtained. This scheme is applied to the observed chemical abundances of the fast-moving knots in the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A and it is found that a wide range of initial conditions could yield the observed abundances. The abundances of four of the knots with significant and different amounts of elements heavier than oxygen are consistent with an origin in material of the same initial composition but processed at different peak temperatures and densities. Despite the observed high oxygen abundances and low abundances of light elements in the knots, they did not necessarily undergo incomplete oxygen burning; in fact, it is not even necessary that oxygen have been present in the initial composition. The agreement between the calculated and observed chemical abundances in Cas A and similar supernova remnants depends primarily upon the relevant nuclear physics and does not provide strong evidence in favor of any particular model of the supernova event.

  19. Remote hard copy. Volume 1. Programming manual. [Data General NOVA 3/D minicomputer with Versatec 1110A plotter

    SciTech Connect

    Simons, R.W.

    1980-03-01

    The application of various graphics languages and special control cards to create and route graphics files to the remote hard copy plotters is presented. Discussion and examples are given for using GCS, DISSPLA, and VTSCORS on the SCOPE 3.3, SCOPE 2, and NOS operating systems.

  20. A Devoted Mini-Computer System for the Management of Clinical and Laboratory Data in an Intensive Care Unit

    PubMed Central

    Shinozaki, Tamotsu; Deane, Robert S.; Mazuzan, John E.

    1982-01-01

    In order to handle a large amount of clinical, laboratory and physiological information in intensive care units, a prototype distributed computer system is used at the Medical Center Hospital of Vermont. The system enables us to do extra tasks without increasing clerical help, eg., a progress note for respiratory care, statistical data for unit management, computation of cardiac and pulmonary parameters, IV schedule for vasoactive drugs, daily compilation of TISS and APACHE scores, data collection for audits and special products. Special attention is paid to computer/user interaction.

  1. Study of calculated and measured time dependent delayed neutron yields. [TX, for calculating delayed neutron yields; MATINV, for matrix inversion; in FORTRAN for LSI-II minicomputer

    SciTech Connect

    Waldo, R.W.

    1980-05-01

    Time-dependent delayed neutron emission is of interest in reactor design, reactor dynamics, and nuclear physics studies. The delayed neutrons from neutron-induced fission of /sup 232/U, /sup 237/Np, /sup 238/Pu, /sup 241/Am, /sup 242m/Am, /sup 245/Cm, and /sup 249/Cf were studied for the first time. The delayed neutron emission from /sup 232/Th, /sup 233/U, /sup 235/U, /sup 238/U, /sup 239/Pu, /sup 241/Pu, and /sup 242/Pu were measured as well. The data were used to develop an empirical expression for the total delayed neutron yield. The expression gives accurate results for a large variety of nuclides from /sup 232/Th to /sup 252/Cf. The data measuring the decay of delayed neutrons with time were used to derive another empirical expression predicting the delayed neutron emission with time. It was found that nuclides with similar mass-to-charge ratios have similar decay patterns. Thus the relative decay pattern of one nuclide can be established by any measured nuclide with a similar mass-to-charge ratio. A simple fission product yield model was developed and applied to delayed neutron precursors. It accurately predicts observed yield and decay characteristics. In conclusion, it is possible to not only estimate the total delayed neutron yield for a given nuclide but the time-dependent nature of the delayed neutrons as well. Reactors utilizing recycled fuel or burning actinides are likely to have inventories of fissioning nuclides that have not been studied until now. The delayed neutrons from these nuclides can now be incorporated so that their influence on the stability and control of reactors can be delineated. 8 figures, 39 tables.

  2. Downsizing a database platform for increased performance and decreased costs

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, M.M.; Tolendino, L.F.

    1993-06-01

    Technological advances in the world of microcomputers have brought forth affordable systems and powerful software than can compete with the more traditional world of minicomputers. This paper describes an effort at Sandia National Laboratories to decrease operational and maintenance costs and increase performance by moving a database system from a minicomputer to a microcomputer.

  3. Computer program and user documentation medical data tape retrieval system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anderson, J.

    1971-01-01

    This volume provides several levels of documentation for the program module of the NASA medical directorate mini-computer storage and retrieval system. A biomedical information system overview describes some of the reasons for the development of the mini-computer storage and retrieval system. It briefly outlines all of the program modules which constitute the system.

  4. Design and performance of a large vocabulary discrete word recognition system. Volume 2: Appendixes. [flow charts and users manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    The users manual for the word recognition computer program contains flow charts of the logical diagram, the memory map for templates, the speech analyzer card arrangement, minicomputer input/output routines, and assembly language program listings.

  5. The Microcomputer Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fosdick, Howard

    1980-01-01

    Examines the development of the microcomputer and focuses on its potential for library automation. The characteristics of microcomputers and minicomputers are contrasted and a selected annotated bibliography includes a list of specialty magazines on microcomputers. (RAA)

  6. The Perils of Personals: Microcomputers in Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, David H.

    1985-01-01

    Explores microcomputer revolution and assesses role of microcomputers in libraries. Highlights include characteristics of three types of computers (mainframes, minicomputers, microcomputers); hardware limitations of microcomputers (storage capacity, processing speed); advancing technology; the local area network; software problems; and…

  7. A Structured Network for the Clinical Management of the Critically Ill

    PubMed Central

    Pollizzi, Joseph A.; Stega, Mark; Comerchero, Harry; Milholland, Arthur V.; Fox, Forrest

    1980-01-01

    A structured network of microprocessors and minicomputers has been developed to form a patient management system for use in varied critical care unit environments. Successful networks at two major hospitals are presented.

  8. A dual method for maximum entropy restoration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, C. B.

    1979-01-01

    A simple iterative dual algorithm for maximum entropy image restoration is presented. The dual algorithm involves fewer parameters than conventional minimization in the image space. Minicomputer test results for Fourier synthesis with inadequate phantom data are given.

  9. Development and application of an interferometric system for measuring crack displacements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sharpe, W. N., Jr.

    1976-01-01

    The development of the first version of a minicomputer controlled system that converts the fringe pattern motion into a voltage output proportional to displacement is presented. Details of the instrument and the calibration tests are included.

  10. Transcription of the Workshop on General Aviation Advanced Avionics Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tashker, M. (Editor)

    1975-01-01

    Papers are presented dealing with the design of reliable, low cost, advanced avionics systems applicable to general aviation in the 1980's and beyond. Sensors, displays, integrated circuits, microprocessors, and minicomputers are among the topics discussed.

  11. Cooperative processing data bases

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hasta, Juzar

    1991-01-01

    Cooperative processing for the 1990's using client-server technology is addressed. The main theme is concepts of downsizing from mainframes and minicomputers to workstations on a local area network (LAN). This document is presented in view graph form.

  12. Automated chromosome analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Castleman, K. R.; Frieden, H. J.; Johnson, E. T.; Rennie, P. A.; Wall, R. J.

    1979-01-01

    Minicomputer-controlled system automatically prepares and analyses blood samples and displays karyotype in pictorial form as primary output. System accuracy is assured by operator interaction at key points during process. System can process up to 576 specimens per day.

  13. Turnkey CAD/CAM selection and evaluation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moody, T.

    1980-01-01

    The methodology to be followed in evaluating and selecting a computer system for manufacturing applications is discussed. Main frames and minicomputers are considered. Benchmark evaluations, demonstrations, and contract negotiations are discussed.

  14. Microcomputer Backup to Online Circulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Intner, Sheila

    1981-01-01

    Describes the usage and advantages of microcomputers as an alternative to manual processing when the Great Neck Library minicomputer-based automated circulation system goes down for maintenance or repair. (RAA)

  15. Remote hard copy. Volume 3. Systems programming manual

    SciTech Connect

    Simons, R.W.

    1980-03-01

    The software used to operate and maintain the remote hard copy is described. All operating software that runs in the NOVA minicomputers is covered as are various utility and diagnostic programs used for creating and checking this software. 2 figures.

  16. Solving Nonlinear Differential Equations in the Engineering Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Auslander, David M.

    1977-01-01

    Described is the Dynamic System Simulation Language (SIM) mini-computer system utilized at the University of California, Los Angeles. It is used by engineering students for solving nonlinear differential equations. (SL)

  17. The revolution in data gathering systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cambra, J. M.; Trover, W. F.

    1975-01-01

    Data acquisition systems used in NASA's wind tunnels from the 1950's through the present time are summarized as a baseline for assessing the impact of minicomputers and microcomputers on data acquisition and data processing. Emphasis is placed on the cyclic evolution in computer technology which transformed the central computer system, and finally the distributed computer system. Other developments discussed include: medium scale integration, large scale integration, combining the functions of data acquisition and control, and micro and minicomputers.

  18. Automation of a guarded hot plate thermal conductivity instrument

    SciTech Connect

    Holland, L.L.

    1980-06-01

    The Thermo-Physics Corporation's GP-1800 guarded hot plate thermal conductivity instrument has been automated using a Digital Equipment Corporation PDP 11/35 minicomputer with an Industrial Control Subsystem Remote. Automation included constructing a hardware link between the instrument and the minicomputer system and designing, writing, and documenting software to perform equipment control, data acquisition, data reduction, and report generation. The software was designed and written so that non-programmers can run the thermal conductivity experiment.

  19. MINIS: Multipurpose Interactive NASA Information System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    The Multipurpose Interactive NASA Information Systems (MINIS) was developed in response to the need for a data management system capable of operation on several different minicomputer systems. The desired system had to be capable of performing the functions of a LANDSAT photo descriptive data retrieval system while remaining general in terms of other acceptable user definable data bases. The system also had to be capable of performing data base updates and providing user-formatted output reports. The resultant MINI System provides all of these capabilities and several other features to complement the data management system. The MINI System is currently implemented on two minicomputer systems and is in the process of being installed on another minicomputer system. The MINIS is operational on four different data bases.

  20. An Integrated System for Total Cardiac Monitoring of the Critically Ill

    PubMed Central

    Almasi, John J.; Heitlinger, Louis J.

    1977-01-01

    An integrated system of micro-and mini-computers is described to acquire, analyze, store and report data on the total activity of the heart of a critically ill patient. Real-time beat and rhythm diagnoses are performed by a micro-computer silumtaneously with the real-time Fick and/or thermal cardiac output determinations being performed by the minicomputer. In addition, off-line calculations of cardiac index, stroke volume, vascular resistance and stroke work are easily obtained via the mini-computer, along with left ventricular function curves. The system also provides for the entry, storage and reporting of lab results, fluid input/output, medications, etc. This system, which is installed in a number of hospitals, thus provides an integrated picture of the heart's activity to the attending medical staff.

  1. A simulation approach to MIL-STD-1553 Multiplex Bus interfacing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lawson, R. J.; Murray, J.

    The technique developed for interfacing a 32 bit minicomputer to the MIL-STD-1553 Avionics Multiplex Bus (Mux Bus) in the F/A-18 Part Task Trainer is discussed. It is noted that the capability of access to the Mux Bus through a minicomputer provides the means of emulating any aircraft system the mission computer interfaces to in the aircraft. The capability of emulating the mission computer also exists for simulating real aircraft systems. The technique for recognizing bus requests for systems data required for simulation and responding to these requests within the timing constraints of 1553 is described, and details of bus operation specified by 1553 are given.

  2. [Current methods in automated statistical analysis].

    PubMed

    Praganov, D; Kalpazanov, I; Simeonov, G

    1983-01-01

    The advantages and disadvantages of the so called minicomputers (e.g. type NOVA) and microcomputers (e.g. type NR 95) are compared in their use for statistical analysis. In spite of some advantages - autonomy, possibilities for immediate use, etc. of microcomputers, the minicomputers, type NOVA, were established to enable the elimination of their non-specific work for the non-mathematical specialists, their direction to the most proper and complexly applied statistical method in the organized statistical processing, existing at the Institute of Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, hence the expenditures would be lower and reability - higher. PMID:6672822

  3. A program for mass spectrometer control and data processing analyses in isotope geology; written in BASIC for an 8K Nova 1120 computer

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stacey, J.S.; Hope, J.

    1975-01-01

    A system is described which uses a minicomputer to control a surface ionization mass spectrometer in the peak switching mode, with the object of computing isotopic abundance ratios of elements of geologic interest. The program uses the BASIC language and is sufficiently flexible to be used for multiblock analyses of any spectrum containing from two to five peaks. In the case of strontium analyses, ratios are corrected for rubidium content and normalized for mass spectrometer fractionation. Although almost any minicomputer would be suitable, the model used was the Data General Nova 1210 with 8K memory. Assembly language driver program and interface hardware-descriptions for the Nova 1210 are included.

  4. Design of a microprocessor-based Control, Interface and Monitoring (CIM unit for turbine engine controls research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Delaat, J. C.; Soeder, J. F.

    1983-01-01

    High speed minicomputers were used in the past to implement advanced digital control algorithms for turbine engines. These minicomputers are typically large and expensive. It is desirable for a number of reasons to use microprocessor-based systems for future controls research. They are relatively compact, inexpensive, and are representative of the hardware that would be used for actual engine-mounted controls. The Control, Interface, and Monitoring Unit (CIM) contains a microprocessor-based controls computer, necessary interface hardware and a system to monitor while it is running an engine. It is presently being used to evaluate an advanced turbofan engine control algorithm.

  5. Computer Program and User Documentation Medical Data Input System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anderson, J.

    1971-01-01

    Several levels of documentation are presented for the program module of the NASA medical directorate minicomputer storage and retrieval system. The biomedical information system overview gives reasons for the development of the minicomputer storage and retrieval system. It briefly describes all of the program modules which constitute the system. A technical discussion oriented to the programmer is given. Each subroutine is described in enough detail to permit in-depth understanding of the routines and to facilitate program modifications. The program utilization section may be used as a users guide.

  6. Shared-resource computing for small research labs.

    PubMed

    Ackerman, M J

    1982-04-01

    A real time laboratory computer network is described. This network is composed of four real-time laboratory minicomputers located in each of four division laboratories and a larger minicomputer in a centrally located computer room. Off the shelf hardware and software were used with no customization. The network is configured for resource sharing using DECnet communications software and the RSX-11-M multi-user real-time operating system. The cost effectiveness of the shared resource network and multiple real-time processing using priority scheduling is discussed. Examples of utilization within a medical research department are given. PMID:6803065

  7. Study of systems and techniques for data base management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    Data management areas were studied to identify pertinent problems and issues that will affect future NASA data users in terms of performance and cost. Specific topics discussed include the identifications of potential NASA data users other than those normally discussed, consideration affecting the clustering of minicomputers, low cost computer system for information retrieval and analysis, the testing of minicomputer based data base management systems, ongoing work related to the use of dedicated systems for data base management, and the problems of data interchange among a community of NASA data users.

  8. NEUTRON ACTIVATION ANALYSIS FOR SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN AMBIENT AIR COLLECTED ON GLASS-FIBER FILTERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Arsenic with 25 other elements are simultaneously determined in ambient air samples collected on glass-fiber filter composites at 250 United States sites. The instrumental neutron activation analysis (NAA) technique combined with the power of a dedicated mini-computer resulted in...

  9. The Use of Computer Networks in Data Gathering and Data Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yost, Michael; Bremner, Fred

    This document describes the review, analysis, and decision-making process that Trinity University, Texas, went through to develop the three-part computer network that they use to gather and analyze EEG (electroencephalography) and EKG (electrocardiogram) data. The data are gathered in the laboratory on a PDP-1124, an analog minicomputer. Once…

  10. Operating manual for the RRL 8 channel data logger

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Paluch, E. J.; Shelton, J. D.; Gardner, C. S.

    1979-01-01

    A data collection device which takes measurements from external sensors at user specified time intervals is described. Three sensor ports are dedicated to temperature, air pressure, and dew point. Five general purpose sensor ports are provided. The user specifies when the measurements are recorded as well as when the information is read or stored in a minicomputer or a paper tape.

  11. Commonalities in Pedagogy Situating Cell Phone Use in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abend, Laurie Lafer

    2013-01-01

    Technology has become embedded in all aspects of students' lives as they increasingly rely on mobile technology devices such as cell phones to access and share information. Cell phones function as portable, affordable, and ubiquitous mini-computers, yet few teachers have leveraged the benefits of cell phone technology for teaching and learning…

  12. Development of a Plasma Panel Hard Copy Unit. Final Report for Period February 1975-November 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Edward M.; McKnight, Lyle R.

    This report describes an investigation of a technique for producing paper copies of instructional computer terminal displays. Such a device appears to be a useful adjunct for the development of computer-assisted instructional programs by authors. A digital device was simulated with a minicomputer; the techniques used to construct this device are…

  13. Sun Series program for the REEDA System. [predicting orbital lifetime using sunspot values

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shankle, R. W.

    1980-01-01

    Modifications made to data bases and to four programs in a series of computer programs (Sun Series) which run on the REEDA HP minicomputer system to aid NASA's solar activity predictions used in orbital life time predictions are described. These programs utilize various mathematical smoothing technique and perform statistical and graphical analysis of various solar activity data bases residing on the REEDA System.

  14. A practical Hadamard transform spectrometer for astronomical application

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tai, M. H.

    1977-01-01

    The mathematical properties of Hadamard matrices and their application to spectroscopy are discussed. A comparison is made between Fourier and Hadamard transform encoding in spectrometry. The spectrometer is described and its laboratory performance evaluated. The algorithm and programming of inverse transform are given. A minicomputer is used to recover the spectrum.

  15. Industrial robots and robotics

    SciTech Connect

    Kafrissen, S.; Stephens, M.

    1984-01-01

    This book discusses the study of robotics. It provides information of hardware, software, applications and economics. Eleven chapters examine the following: Minicomputers, Microcomputers, and Microprocessors; The Servo-Control System; The Activators; Robot Vision Systems; and Robot Workcell Environments. Twelve appendices supplement the data.

  16. Method of smoothing laser range observations by corrections of orbital parameters and station coordinates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lala, P.; Thao, Bui Van

    1986-11-01

    The first step in the treatment of satellite laser ranging data is its smoothing and rejection of incorrect points. The proposed method uses the comparison of observations with ephemerides and iterative matching of corresponding parameters. The method of solution and a program for a minicomputer are described. Examples of results for satellite Starlette are given.

  17. Fossil fuel power plants: Computer systems for power plant control, maintenance, and operation. (Latest citations from the Compendex database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-07-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning fossil fuel power plant computer systems. Minicomputer and microcomputer systems used for monitoring, process control, performance calculations, alarming, and administrative applications are discussed. Topics emphasize power plant control, maintenance and operation. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  18. Fossil-fuel power plants: Computer systems for power plant control, maintenance, and operation. October 1976-December 1989 (A Bibliography from the COMPENDEX data base). Report for October 1976-December 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-02-01

    This bibliography contains citations concerning fossil-fuel power plant computer systems. Minicomputer and microcomputer systems used for monitoring, process control, performance calculations, alarming, and administrative applications are discussed. Topics emphasize power plant control, maintenance and operation. (Contains 240 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

  19. Surface Modeling, Solid Modeling and Finite Element Modeling. Analysis Capabilities of Computer-Assisted Design and Manufacturing Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nee, John G.; Kare, Audhut P.

    1987-01-01

    Explores several concepts in computer assisted design/computer assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM). Defines, evaluates, reviews and compares advanced computer-aided geometric modeling and analysis techniques. Presents the results of a survey to establish the capabilities of minicomputer based-systems with the CAD/CAM packages evaluated. (CW)

  20. Description and Initial Evaluation of a Computer-Based Individual Trainer for the Radar Intercept Observer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rigney, Joseph W.; And Others

    An individual trainer for giving students in the radar intercept observer (RIO) schools concentrated practice in procedures for air-to-air intercepts was designed around a programmable graphics terminal with two integral minicomputers and 8k of core memory. The trainer automatically administers practice in computing values of variables in the…

  1. Technological Discontinuities and Organizational Environments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tushman, Michael L.; Anderson, Philip

    1986-01-01

    Technological effects on environmental conditions are analyzed using longitudinal data from the minicomputer, cement, and airline industries. Technology evolves through periods of incremental change punctuated by breakthroughs that enhance or destroy the competence of firms. Competence-destroying discontinuities increase environmental turbulence;…

  2. Technological Discontinuities and Dominant Designs: A Cyclical Model of Technological Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Philip; Tushman, Michael L.

    1990-01-01

    Based on longitudinal studies of the cement, glass, and minicomputer industries, this article proposes a technological change model in which a technological breakthrough, or discontinuity, initiates an era of intense technical variation and selection, culminating in a single dominant design and followed by a period of incremental technical…

  3. DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM FOR RAPID KINETIC EXPERIMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    A data acquisition system has been developed to collect, analyze and store large volumes of rapid kinetic data measured from a stopped-flow spectrophotometer. A digital minicomputer, with an A/D converter, tape drive unit and formatter, analog recorder, oscilloscope, and input/ou...

  4. Program for Development of Artificial Intelligence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Riley, Gary; Culbert, Chris; Lopez, Frank

    1987-01-01

    C Language Integrated Production System (CLIPS) computer program is shell for developing expert systems. Designed to enable research, development, and delivery of artificial intelligence on conventional computers. Primary design goals for CLIPS are portability, efficiency, and functionality. Meets or out-performs most microcomputer- and minicomputer-based artificial-intelligence tools. Written in C.

  5. Learning Technologies Prototype Classroom Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Jo; Janovsky, Kathy

    2003-01-01

    During the 2001 summer holidays, the main Social Science classroom at St Ursula's College, a Catholic Secondary Girls' school of 740 pupils in Toowomba, Queensland was renovated. A mini-computer laboratory of four nests of computers was incorporated into the traditional teaching space. (See Diagram 1 and photograph). This room was named the…

  6. Automatic visual inspection of hybrid microcircuits

    SciTech Connect

    Hines, R.E.

    1980-05-01

    An automatic visual inspection system using a minicomputer and a video digitizer was developed for inspecting hybrid microcircuits (HMC) and thin-film networks (TFN). The system performed well in detecting missing components on HMCs and reduced the testing time for each HMC by 75%.

  7. Mission of the Future. Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Association for the Development of Computer-Based Instructional Systems. Volume III: Users Interest Groups (San Diego, California, February 27 to March 1, 1979).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for the Development of Computer-based Instructional Systems.

    The third of three volumes of papers presented at the 1979 ADCIS convention, this collection includes 30 papers presented to special interest groups--implementation, minicomputer users, National Consortium for Computer Based Music Instruction, and PLATO users. Papers presented to the implementation interest group were concerned with faculty…

  8. Cloud Computing and the Power to Choose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bristow, Rob; Dodds, Ted; Northam, Richard; Plugge, Leo

    2010-01-01

    Some of the most significant changes in information technology are those that have given the individual user greater power to choose. The first of these changes was the development of the personal computer. The PC liberated the individual user from the limitations of the mainframe and minicomputers and from the rules and regulations of centralized…

  9. Integrated Computer-Aided Drafting Instruction (ICADI).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, C. Y.; McCampbell, David H.

    Until recently, computer-aided drafting and design (CAD) systems were almost exclusively operated on mainframes or minicomputers and their cost prohibited many schools from offering CAD instruction. Today, many powerful personal computers are capable of performing the high-speed calculation and analysis required by the CAD application; however,…

  10. An Off-Line Simulation System for Development of Real-Time FORTRAN Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, James W.

    Implementation of an ISA FORTRAN standard for executive functions and process input-output within a simulation system called MINIFOR provides a useful real-time program development tool for small single function, dedicated minicomputers having a FORTRAN compiler but limited program development aids. A FORTRAN-based pre-compiler is used off-line to…

  11. A system for the management of requests at an image data bank. M.S. Thesis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Debarrosaguirre, J. L. (Principal Investigator)

    1984-01-01

    An automated system was implemented to supersede existing manual procedures in fulfilling user requests made to a remote sensing data bank, concerning specifically LANDSAT imagery. The system controls the several production steps from request entry to the shipment of each final product. Special solutions and techniques were employed due to the severe limitations, in both hardware and software of the host minicomputer system.

  12. Technical Processing Librarians in the 1980's: Current Trends and Future Forecasts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Gail

    1980-01-01

    This review of recent and anticipated advances in library automation technology and methodology includes a review of the effects of OCLC, MARC formatting, AACR2, and increasing costs, as well as predictions of the impact on library technical processing of networking, expansion of automation, minicomputers, specialized reference services, and…

  13. Microprocessors in U.S. Electrical Engineering Departments, 1974-1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloan, M. E.

    Drawn from a survey of engineering departments known to be teaching microprocessor courses, this paper shows that the adoption of microprocessors by Electrical Engineering Departments has been rapid compared with their adoption of minicomputers. The types of courses that are being taught can be categorized as: surveys of microprocessors, intensive…

  14. Integrated Computer-Aided Drafting Instruction (ICADI).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, C. Y.; McCampbell, David H.

    Until recently, computer-aided drafting and design (CAD) systems were almost exclusively operated on mainframes or minicomputers and their cost prohibited many schools from offering CAD instruction. Today, many powerful personal computers are capable of performing the high-speed calculation and analysis required by the CAD application; however,…

  15. The Use of a Microcomputer Based Array Processor for Real Time Laser Velocimeter Data Processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meyers, James F.

    1990-01-01

    The application of an array processor to laser velocimeter data processing is presented. The hardware is described along with the method of parallel programming required by the array processor. A portion of the data processing program is described in detail. The increase in computational speed of a microcomputer equipped with an array processor is illustrated by comparative testing with a minicomputer.

  16. Shipboard Instruction and Training Management with Computer Technology: A Pilot Application.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dollard, John A.; And Others

    To determine if computer technology could improve shipboard instruction and training, an Automated Shipboard Instruction and Management System (ASIMS) was used for computer managed instruction (CMI) about the USS GRIDLEY during 1975-76. ASIMS comprised a NOVA 1200 minicomputer with support peripherals, a Computer Integrated Instruction (CII)…

  17. An Examination of the Potential Relationship between Technology and Persistence among At-Risk College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughey, Aaron W.; Manco, Charlene M.

    2012-01-01

    Academically underprepared college students, i.e., those identified as needing developmental (remedial) English, mathematics and reading courses in order to maximize their potential for academic success at college-level studies, were provided with the opportunity to rent, for a minimal, subsidized fee, mini-computers bundled with digital course…

  18. Technological Discontinuities and Dominant Designs: A Cyclical Model of Technological Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Philip; Tushman, Michael L.

    1990-01-01

    Based on longitudinal studies of the cement, glass, and minicomputer industries, this article proposes a technological change model in which a technological breakthrough, or discontinuity, initiates an era of intense technical variation and selection, culminating in a single dominant design and followed by a period of incremental technical…

  19. New Information Technologies: Some Observations on What Is in Store for Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, John B.

    This outline of new technological developments and their applications in the library and information world considers innovations in three areas: automation, telecommunications, and the publishing industry. There is mention of the growth of online systems, minicomputers, microcomputers, and word processing; the falling costs of automation; the…

  20. Synchronous multi-microprocessor system for implementing digital signal processing algorithms

    SciTech Connect

    Barnwell, T.P. III; Hodges, C.J.M.

    1982-01-01

    This paper discusses the details of a multi-microprocessor system design as a research facility for studying multiprocessor implementation of digital signal processing algorithms. The overall system, which consists of a control microprocessor, eight satellite microprocessors, a control minicomputer, and extensive distributed software, has proven to be an effect tool in the study of multiprocessor implementations. 5 references.

  1. Application of Adaptive Decision Aiding Systems to Computer-Assisted Instruction. Final Report, January-December 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Donald M.; And Others

    The minicomputer-based Computerized Diagnostic and Decision Training (CDDT) system described combines the principles of artificial intelligence, decision theory, and adaptive computer assisted instruction for training in electronic troubleshooting. The system incorporates an adaptive computer program which learns the student's diagnostic and…

  2. Interactive initialization of heat flux parameters for numerical models using satellite temperature measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carlson, T. N. (Principal Investigator)

    1982-01-01

    Progress made in HCMM research, including testing the interactive minicomputer system and preparation of a paper on the analysis of regional scale soil moisture patterns, is summarized. An exhibit on remote sensing including a videotape display of HCMM images, most of them of the State College area, was prepared.

  3. Automatic processing system for shadowgraph and interference patterns

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vereninov, I. A.; Lazarev, V. D.; Popov, S. S.; Tarasov, V. S.

    1987-01-01

    The design and operation of an automatic system for the processing of shadowgraph and interference images are described. The system includes a two-coordinate processing table with an optical system for the projection of transparent images onto the photodetector, an image filter in the photodetector field, and a device for controlling the movement of the table and transmitting information to the minicomputer.

  4. A distributed data base management capability for the deep space network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bryan, A. I.

    1976-01-01

    The Configuration Control and Audit Assembly (CCA) is reported that has been designed to provide a distributed data base management capability for the DSN. The CCA utilizes capabilities provided by the DSN standard minicomputer and the DSN standard nonreal time high level management oriented programming language, MBASIC. The characteristics of the CCA for the first phase of implementation are described.

  5. SKIPLT documentation: A seismic signal plotter computer program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tengstrand, T.

    1982-08-01

    A program for a PDP 11 minicomputer in the RSX-11M operating system and for a Versatek plotter, for reading, under continuous operation, magnetic tapes containing information on seismic signals and for writing down these signals for subsequent analysis is presented. It features automatic selection of the best channels and automatic correction of the signals.

  6. A High Resolution Graphic Input System for Interactive Graphic Display Terminals. Appendix B.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Arsdall, Paul Jon

    The search for a satisfactory computer graphics input system led to this version of an analog sheet encoder which is transparent and requires no special probes. The goal of the research was to provide high resolution touch input capabilities for an experimental minicomputer based intelligent terminal system. The technique explored is compatible…

  7. The prediction of acoustical particle motion using an efficient polynomial curve fit procedure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marshall, S. E.; Bernhard, R.

    1984-01-01

    A procedure is examined whereby the acoustic model parameters, natural frequencies and mode shapes, in the cavities of transportation vehicles are determined experimentally. The acoustic model shapes are described in terms of the particle motion. The acoustic modal analysis procedure is tailored to existing minicomputer based spectral analysis systems.

  8. Mass Storage Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ranade, Sanjay; Schraeder, Jeff

    1991-01-01

    Presents an overview of the mass storage market and discusses mass storage systems as part of computer networks. Systems for personal computers, workstations, minicomputers, and mainframe computers are described; file servers are explained; system integration issues are raised; and future possibilities are suggested. (LRW)

  9. A Detailed Comparison of Maxicalculators. Illinois Series on Educational Applications of Computers. Number 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doring, Richard; Hicks, Bruce

    A comparison is made of four maxicalculators and two minicomputers with an emphasis on two, the HP 9830 and the Wang 2200. Comparisons are in the form of a table with individual guidelines for analysis followed by the specific characteristics of the particular calculator. Features compared include: manual input facilities, screen, secondary…

  10. Evolution, Nature, Uses and Issues in the Creation of Local School District Comprehensive Information Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hathaway, Walter E.

    Efficient and convenient comprehensive information systems, long kept from coming into being by a variety of obstacles, are now made possible by the concept of distributive processing and the technology of micro- and mini-computer networks. Such systems can individualize instruction, group students efficiently, cut administrative costs, streamline…

  11. Atmospheric and Oceanographic Information Processing System (AOIPS) system description

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bracken, P. A.; Dalton, J. T.; Billingsley, J. B.; Quann, J. J.

    1977-01-01

    The development of hardware and software for an interactive, minicomputer based processing and display system for atmospheric and oceanographic information extraction and image data analysis is described. The major applications of the system are discussed as well as enhancements planned for the future.

  12. Modern programming language

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feldman, G. H.; Johnson, J. A.

    1980-01-01

    Structural-programming language is especially-tailored for producing assembly language programs for MODCOMP II and IV mini-computes. Modern programming language consists of set of simple and powerful control structures that include sequencing alternative selection, looping, sub-module linking, comment insertion, statement continuation, and compilation termination capabilities.

  13. COED Transactions, Vol. XI, No. 7 & 8, July/August 1979. A Miniature Automated Warehouse: A Laboratory Teaching Device.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Eugene E., Ed.

    A do-it-yourself laboratory course in automated systems designed at the University of Florida is described. Using a working model of a warehouse interfaced with a minicomputer as a working laboratory, the student gains hands-on experience in operations programing and applications of scheduling, materials handling, and heuristic optimization. (BT)

  14. A Report on the Loading of MARC Format Bibliographic Records into HyperCard.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenberg, Jason B.; Borgman, Christine L.

    1991-01-01

    Outlines a process for downloading MARC format bibliographic data into a form readable for an Apple Macintosh computer running HyperCard software. Loading procedures for two data sources--an OCLC format tape and records from UCLA's ORION public access catalog--are discussed, and the use of a minicomputer system is considered. (eight references)…

  15. Commonalities in Pedagogy Situating Cell Phone Use in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abend, Laurie Lafer

    2013-01-01

    Technology has become embedded in all aspects of students' lives as they increasingly rely on mobile technology devices such as cell phones to access and share information. Cell phones function as portable, affordable, and ubiquitous mini-computers, yet few teachers have leveraged the benefits of cell phone technology for teaching and learning…

  16. Computer Series, 51: Bits and Pieces, 20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, John W., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Describes: Apple stereochemistry program; CNDO/2-INDO mini-computer calculations; direct linear plot procedure for enzyme kinetics calculations; construction of nonlinear Scatchard plots; simulation of mass spectral envelopes of polyisotopic elements; graphics with a dot-matrix printer; MINC computer in the physical chemistry laboratory; hallway…

  17. The Rise of K-12 Blended Learning: Profiles of Emerging Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staker, Heather

    2011-01-01

    Some innovations change everything. The rise of personal computers in the 1970s decimated the mini-computer industry. TurboTax forever changed tax accounting, and MP3s made libraries of compact discs obsolete. These innovations bear the traits of what Harvard Business School Professor Clayton M. Christensen terms a "disruptive innovation."…

  18. A Summary and Commentary on D. and S. Premack's "Original Intelligence"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greer, R. Douglas

    2006-01-01

    Some evolutionary cognitive and developmental psychologists propose that the human mind consists of domain-specific modules. These are characterized as self-contained "mini-computers" that process information of a certain kind. In their book, "Original Intelligence," the Premacks set out to provide a synthesis of evidence from various fields in…

  19. New starts in research and development, 1982

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grosson, J.

    1981-01-01

    An outline in slide form, of some areas of U.S. Navy research and development utilizing airborne minicomputers is presented. The following program considerations are addressed: (1) research and engineering management; (2) budgeting; (3) equipment specifications and construction materials; (4) computer applications; (5) technological capabilities, utilization, and transfer; and (6) military applications.

  20. Mini or Maxi: Which Computer Is Right for You?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Nancy N.

    1979-01-01

    Selecting a type of computer system for instructional purposes does not depend upon the kind of instruction to be provided but on the features of the maxi- and minicomputer systems themselves. The features of each system must be considered in the context in which it will be used. (Author/CMV)

  1. Radioactivities in returned lunar materials and in meteorites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fireman, E. L.

    1984-01-01

    Carbon 14 terrestial ages were determined with low level minicomputers and accelerator mass spectrometry on 1 Yamato and 18 Allan Hills and nearby sited meteorites. Techniques for an accelerator mass spectrometer which make C(14) measurements on small samples were developed. Also Be(10) concentrations were measured in Byrd core and Allan Hills ice samples.

  2. IPCS user's manual

    SciTech Connect

    McGoldrick, P.R.

    1980-12-11

    The Interprocess Communications System (IPCS) was written to provide a virtual machine upon which the Supervisory Control and Diagnostic System (SCDS) for the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) could be built. The hardware upon which the IPCS runs consists of nine minicomputers sharing some common memory.

  3. Electronic engineer's design station user's guide

    SciTech Connect

    Magnuson, W.G. Jr.; Shectman, R.M.; Hatfield, L.; Willett, G.W.; Loomis, H.H. Jr.

    1981-06-01

    This guide is a description of how the Design Station is used to enter a designer's sketch on the minicomputer-based interactive graphics system. Schematic construction, component placement, output control, and save/restore of designs are all described in detail. The interactive graphics menu options are described and an explanation of their actions is given.

  4. A Guide to Using the Bibliographic Features of the Integrated Library System (ILS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Susan G.

    This manual provides guidance in the use of the Integrated Library System (ILS), a library minicomputer system in which all automated library functions are processed against a single database. It is oriented toward ILS users with no ADP training or experience. Written in MUMPS, a higher-level language, the system includes the following…

  5. Data Input for Libraries: State-of-the-Art Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buckland, Lawrence F.

    This brief overview of new manuscript preparation methods which allow authors and editors to set their own type discusses the advantages and disadvantages of optical character recognition (OCR), microcomputers and personal computers, minicomputers, and word processors for editing and database entry. Potential library applications are also…

  6. A Comparison of Normal and Mentally Retarded Children on a Perceptual Learning Task.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terry, Pamela Rollefson; Samuels, S. Jay

    Compared were performances of 12 educable mentally retarded (EMR) and 12 normal children in grade 6 on a perceptual learning task to determine whether individuals with different intelligence levels have different learning abilities. A protable minicomputer was used to present "old letters" (usual lower case letters) and "new letters" (letter-like…

  7. An inexpensive vehicle speed detector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Broussard, P., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    Low-power minicomputer can plug into automobile cigarette lighter. It measures time it takes observed car to travel premeasured distance and provides immediate readout of speed. Potentially, detector could be manufactured for less than $200 per unit and would have very low maintenance cost.

  8. Computer Managed Instruction in Navy Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middleton, Morris G.; And Others

    An investigation was made of the feasibility of computer-managed instruction (CMI) for the Navy. Possibilities were examined regarding a centralized computer system for all Navy training, minicomputers for remote classes, and shipboard computers for on-board training. The general state of the art and feasibility of CMI were reviewed, alternative…

  9. Mobile Computer-Assisted-Instruction in Rural New Mexico.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gittinger, Jack D., Jr.

    The University of New Mexico's three-year Computer Assisted Instruction Project established one mobile and five permanent laboratories offering remedial and vocational instruction in winter, 1984-85. Each laboratory has a Degem learning system with minicomputer, teacher terminal, and 32 student terminals. A Digital PDP-11 host computer runs the…

  10. A Distributed Processing Approach to Payroll Time Reporting for a Large School District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, Raoul J.

    1983-01-01

    Describes a system for payroll reporting from geographically disparate locations in which data is entered, edited, and verified locally on minicomputers and then uploaded to a central computer for the standard payroll process. Communications and hardware, time-reporting software, data input techniques, system implementation, and its advantages are…

  11. A Comprehensive Model for the Design of Micro and Mini Computer Systems in School Districts: A Guide for Developing Computer Systems for Local School Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graczyk, Sandra L.; Kiser, Chester

    This administrative and instructional guide offers information and recommendations for computer design techniques based on literature sources and school district applications; design of micro- and mini-computer systems is intended for those with little or no experience. Chapter 1, "Planning for the Computer System: Choosing Purposes and Parts,"…

  12. Laboratory Automation for Physical Scientists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stemple, Norman

    A university level course which uses minicomputers in laboratory data acquisition and experimental control is described. The majority of the students are chemistry seniors and graduate students; prerequisites are general physics and one semester of computer science or programing experience. The goals of the course, which is divided into 3 5-week…

  13. Technology in Libraries: 1960-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Susan K.

    New technologies used by libraries include computers, minicomputers, photocopiers, audiovisual equipment, videocable, and satellite. Cataloging is a major area of computer application, with the MARC (MAchine Readable Cataloging) format developed by the Library of Congress providing batch mode services, and the more sophisticated OCLC (Ohio College…

  14. Cloud Computing and the Power to Choose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bristow, Rob; Dodds, Ted; Northam, Richard; Plugge, Leo

    2010-01-01

    Some of the most significant changes in information technology are those that have given the individual user greater power to choose. The first of these changes was the development of the personal computer. The PC liberated the individual user from the limitations of the mainframe and minicomputers and from the rules and regulations of centralized…

  15. Computer Series, 51: Bits and Pieces, 20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, John W., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Describes: Apple stereochemistry program; CNDO/2-INDO mini-computer calculations; direct linear plot procedure for enzyme kinetics calculations; construction of nonlinear Scatchard plots; simulation of mass spectral envelopes of polyisotopic elements; graphics with a dot-matrix printer; MINC computer in the physical chemistry laboratory; hallway…

  16. A computer-aided design system geared toward conceptual design in a research environment. [for hypersonic vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    STACK S. H.

    1981-01-01

    A computer-aided design system has recently been developed specifically for the small research group environment. The system is implemented on a Prime 400 minicomputer linked with a CDC 6600 computer. The goal was to assign the minicomputer specific tasks, such as data input and graphics, thereby reserving the large mainframe computer for time-consuming analysis codes. The basic structure of the design system consists of GEMPAK, a computer code that generates detailed configuration geometry from a minimum of input; interface programs that reformat GEMPAK geometry for input to the analysis codes; and utility programs that simplify computer access and data interpretation. The working system has had a large positive impact on the quantity and quality of research performed by the originating group. This paper describes the system, the major factors that contributed to its particular form, and presents examples of its application.

  17. Impact of some architectural features of the implementation of a concurrent pascal machine

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, K.H.; Abou-el-naga, A.

    1982-01-01

    The concurrent pascal machine (CPM), which is a virtual machine designed to support concurrent processes, was implemented on an 8-bit microcomputer as the beginning step toward constructing a fault-tolerant microcomputer network. The CPM architecture, whose first implementation was based on a PDP 11/45 minicomputer, reflects considerable influence of the PDP 11/45 architecture. The architectural differences between the 16-bit minicomputer and the 8-bit microcomputer which have significant impact on the difficulty of implementing CPMs are analyzed. Then some details on the implementation of the 16-bit virtual machine (CPM) on the 8-bit microcomuter are presented along with some approaches for tuning the CPM architecture to yield more efficient implementations on microcomputers. 7 references.

  18. Two dimensional recursive digital filters for near real time image processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Olson, D.; Sherrod, E.

    1980-01-01

    A program was designed toward the demonstration of the feasibility of using two dimensional recursive digital filters for subjective image processing applications that require rapid turn around. The concept of the use of a dedicated minicomputer for the processor for this application was demonstrated. The minicomputer used was the HP1000 series E with a RTE 2 disc operating system and 32K words of memory. A Grinnel 256 x 512 x 8 bit display system was used to display the images. Sample images were provided by NASA Goddard on a 800 BPI, 9 track tape. Four 512 x 512 images representing 4 spectral regions of the same scene were provided. These images were filtered with enhancement filters developed during this effort.

  19. Procedures for on-line detection of sensor and operating faults in solar energy systems

    SciTech Connect

    Duff, W.S.; Millard, R.A.

    1980-01-01

    Every 10 minutes, 100 channels of directly measured quantities, integrated and counted flows and fluxes, and calculated energy quantities from Colorado State University Solar House I are recorded on magnetic tape and passed on to a minicomputer with dual floppy disc, printer, and plotter. The magnetic tape output is processed in monthly blocks to provide detailed monthly, daily, and hourly reduced data summaries. The minicomputer is used to display real time operating data, print out hourly performance summaries, and collect statistics on sensor and operating system status. These statistics are then analyzed to detect possible sensor and operating faults in the system so they may be quickly recognized and corrected. The procedures that have been developed to perform these analyses are discussed, and their use and effectiveness under actual operating conditions is illustrated.

  20. Cactus

    SciTech Connect

    Sexton, R.L.

    1983-03-01

    The CACTUS project (computer-aided control, tracking, and updating system) was initiated by the Bendix Kansas City Division to address specific work-in-process problems encountered in a cable department. Since then, the project has been expanded to additional electrical manufacturing departments because of potential productivity gains from the system. The philosophy of CACTUS is to add an element of distributed data proessing to the centralized data processing system currently in use for control of work in process. Under this system, the existing chain of communications between the host computer and the CRT terminals in a department is severed. A mini-computer established in the department communicates directly with the central system, and departmental communication is then established with the mini-computer. The advantages, disadvantages, operation performance, and economics of the system are discussed.

  1. An on-line work scheduling and ward requesting pattern information system.

    PubMed

    Undrill, P E; Gibson, P

    1978-07-01

    The organisational efficiency of sample admission to the routine laboratory and the allocation to test methods has been improved by a scheduling system based on an on-line mini-computer. A flexible system has been constructed using multiple visual displays, which produce work allocation lists. Computer techniques have been developed which enable maximal use of the on-line system while retaining the general flexibility of high-level language coding, as implemented on an unsophisticated 12-bit processor. The file structure has been designed to provide cumulative information on the requesting patterns appropriate to any of the many sources of samples to the laboratory, and to allow the automatic merging of worksheet and laboratory data, the latter being generated and transmitted from a second mini-computer system. PMID:697313

  2. Display-management system for MFTF

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, D.O.

    1981-01-01

    The Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) is controlled by 65 local control microcomputers which are supervised by a local network of nine 32-bit minicomputers. Associated with seven of the nine computers are state-of-the-art graphics devices, each with extensive local processing capability. These devices provide the means for an operator to interact with the control software running on the minicomputers. It is critical that the information the operator views accurately reflects the current state of the experiment. This information is integrated into dynamically changing pictures called displays. The primary organizational component of the display system is the software-addressable segment. The segments created by the display creation software are managed by display managers associated with each graphics device. Each display manager uses sophisticated storage management mechanisms to keep the proper segments resident in the local graphics device storage.

  3. Electroencephalographic Cartography. I. By means of mini- or microcomputers. Reliability and interest of this electrical non-invasive brain imagery.

    PubMed

    Etevenon, P; Gaches, J; Debouzy, C; Gueguen, B; Peron-Magnan, P

    1985-01-01

    We have recorded control subjects, neurological and psychiatric patients (n = 217 sequences recorded over both hemispheres). Minicomputers (HP Fourier analyzer, HP 1000) for spectral analysis provided 10 spectral parameters over 5 spectral frequency bands (delta, theta, alpha, beta 1, beta 2, raw EEG). For each recorded sequence, 90 EEG maps could be computed over both hemispheres. Topo-EEGs were stored in an EEG image data bank. An EEG mapping microcomputer system linked with a digital polygraph (Alvar Electronic, REEGA 2000) has been used simultaneously. White noises have been fed into both computers for testing spatial resolution. Ten topo-EEGs have been recorded in control subjects and patients. The microcomputer system has provided very reliable topographical results when compared to similar maps generated by the minicomputer. A common average reference has been used. First clinical applications have been studied (brain strokes, brain tumors). The method appears very reliable in comparison with CT scans. PMID:4033896

  4. Continuous fission-product monitor system at Oyster Creek. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Collins, L.L.; Chulick, E.T.

    1980-10-01

    A continuous on-line fission product monitor has been installed at the Oyster Creek Nuclear Generating Station, Forked River, New Jersey. The on-line monitor is a minicomputer-controlled high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometer system. An intrinsic Ge detector scans a collimated sample line of coolant from one of the plant's recirculation loops. The minicomputer is a Nuclear Data 6620 system. Data were accumulated for the period from April 1979 through January 1980, the end of cycle 8 for the Oyster Creek plant. Accumulated spectra, an average of three a day, were stored on magnetic disk and subsequently analyzed for fisson products, Because of difficulties in measuring absolute detector efficiency, quantitative fission product concentrations in the coolant could not be determined. Data for iodine fission products are reported as a function of time. The data indicate the existence of fuel defects in the Oyster Creek core during cycle 8.

  5. Optical computer switching network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clymer, B.; Collins, S. A., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    The design for an optical switching system for minicomputers that uses an optical spatial light modulator such as a Hughes liquid crystal light valve is presented. The switching system is designed to connect 80 minicomputers coupled to the switching system by optical fibers. The system has two major parts: the connection system that connects the data lines by which the computers communicate via a two-dimensional optical matrix array and the control system that controls which computers are connected. The basic system, the matrix-based connecting system, and some of the optical components to be used are described. Finally, the details of the control system are given and illustrated with a discussion of timing.

  6. Techniques for digital enhancement of Landsat MSS data using an Apple II+ microcomputer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harrington, J. A., Jr.; Cartin, K. F.

    1984-01-01

    The information provided by remotely sensed data collected from orbiting platforms has been useful in many research fields. Particularly convenient for evaluation are generally digital data stored on computer compatible tapes (CCT's). The major advantages of CCT's are the quality of the data and the accessibility to computer manipulation. Minicomputer systems are widely used for the required computer processing operations. However, microprocessor-related technological advances make it now possible to process CCT data with computing systems which can be obtained at a much lower price than minicomputer systems. A detailed description is provided of the design considerations of a microcomputer-based Digital Image Analysis System (DIAS). Particular attention is given to the algorithms which are incorporated for eighter edge enhancement or smoothing Landsat multispectral scanner data.

  7. TDRSS data handling and management system study. Ground station systems for data handling and relay satellite control

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    Results of a two-phase study of the (Data Handling and Management System DHMS) are presented. An original baseline DHMS is described. Its estimated costs are presented in detail. The DHMS automates the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) ground station's functions and handles both the forward and return link user and relay satellite data passing through the station. Direction of the DHMS is effected via a TDRSS Operations Control Central (OCC) that is remotely located. A composite ground station system, a modified DHMS (MDHMS), was conceptually developed. The MDHMS performs both the DHMS and OCC functions. Configurations and costs are presented for systems using minicomputers and midicomputers. It is concluded that a MDHMS should be configured with a combination of the two computer types. The midicomputers provide the system's organizational direction and computational power, and the minicomputers (or interface processors) perform repetitive data handling functions that relieve the midicomputers of these burdensome tasks.

  8. Digital image processing on a small computer system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Danielson, R.

    1981-01-01

    A minicomputer-based image processing facility provides a relatively low-cost entry point for education about image analysis applications in remote sensing. While a minicomputer has sufficient processing power to produce results quite rapidly for low volumes of small images, it does not have sufficient power to perform CPU- or 1/0-bound tasks on large images. A system equipped with a display terminal is ideally suited for interactive tasks. Software procurement is a limiting factor for most end users, and software availability may well be the overriding consideration in selecting a particular hardware configuration. The hardware chosen should be selected to be compatible with the software and with concern for future expansion.

  9. A computer controlled tele-cobalt unit

    SciTech Connect

    Brace, J.A.

    1982-11-01

    A computer controlled cobalt treatment unit was commissioned for treating patients in January 1980. Initially the controlling computer was a minicomputer, but now the control of the therapy unit is by a microcomputer. The treatment files, which specify the movement and configurations necessary to deliver the prescribed dose, are produced on the minicomputer and then transferred to the microcomputer using minitape cartridges. The actual treatment unit is based on a standard cobalt unit with a few additional features e.g. the drive motors can be controlled either by the computer or manually. Since the treatment unit is used for both manual and automatic treatments, the operational procedure under computer control is made to closely follow the manual procedure for a single field treatment. The necessary safety features which protect against human, hardware and software errors as well as the advantages and disadvantages of computer controlled radiotherapy are discussed.

  10. Laser velocimeter measurements of two-bladed helicopter rotor flow fields

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Biggers, J. C.; Lee, A.; Orloff, K. L.; Lemmer, O. J.

    1977-01-01

    Data from a wind tunnel investigation of the flow fields around helicopter rotors were presented. A two component laser velocimeter was used to measure the velocity fields of two 2.1 m diameter rotors. A minicomputer-based online data system is described which monitored, reduced, and plotted the results. Tip vortices constitute the primary disturbances in the flow field, but present theories do not predict vortex positions and velocity distributions with sufficient accuracy.

  11. Future freeze forecasting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bartholic, J. F.; Sutherland, R. A.

    1979-01-01

    Real time GOES thermal data acquisition, an energy balance minimum temperature prediction model and a statistical model are incorporated into a minicomputer system. These components make up the operational "Satellite Freeze Forecast System" being used to aid NOAA, NWS forecasters in developing their freeze forecasts. The general concept of the system is presented in this paper. Specific detailed aspects of the system can be found in the reference cited.

  12. Signal processing at the Poker Flat MST radar

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carter, D. A.

    1983-01-01

    Signal processing for Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere (MST) radar is carried out by a combination of hardware in high-speed, special-purpose devices and software in a general-purpose, minicomputer/array processor. A block diagram of the signal processing system is presented, and the steps in the processing pathway are described. The current processing capabilities are given, and a system offering greater coherent integration speed is advanced which hinges upon a high speed preprocessor.

  13. Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory laser tracking systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pearlman, M. R.; Lanham, N. W.; Lehr, C. G.; Wohn, J.

    1977-01-01

    The four SAO laser satellite-ranging systems, located in Brazil, Peru, Australia, and Arizona, have been in operation for more than five years and have provided ranging data at accuracy levels of a meter or better. The paper examines system hardware (laser transmitter, the electronics, mount, photoreceiver, minicomputer, and station timing) and software (prediction program, calibration programs, and data handling and quick-look programs) and also considers calibration, station operation, and system performance.

  14. Adaptive on-line classification of multi-spectral scanner data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fromm, F. R.; Northouse, R. A.

    1973-01-01

    A possible solution to the analysis of the massive amounts of multi-spectral scanner data from the Earth Resource Technical Satellite (ERTS) program is proposed. This solution is offered as an adaptive on-line classification scheme. The classifier is described as well as its controller which is based on ground truth data. Cluster analysis is presented as an alternative approach to the ground truth data. Adaptive feature selection is discussed and possible mini-computer implementations are offered.

  15. The first international symposium on small mine economics and expansion

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    Papers are presented on the following topics: economic aspects of exploration and development of recoverable ore reserves; a geologic model for exploration for epithermal gold and silver deposits; selection of mining equipment; minicomputer applications; mill operation; cost of environmental compliance in USA; mine planning and development for a new uranium facility; small coal mines in FRG, China and USA; modularly constructed preparation plants for coal cleaning; private enterprise in the Mexican mining industry; and financing of small mining companies.

  16. Display system for imaging scientific telemetric information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zabiyakin, G. I.; Rykovanov, S. N.

    1979-01-01

    A system for imaging scientific telemetric information, based on the M-6000 minicomputer and the SIGD graphic display, is described. Two dimensional graphic display of telemetric information and interaction with the computer, in analysis and processing of telemetric parameters displayed on the screen is provided. The running parameter information output method is presented. User capabilities in the analysis and processing of telemetric information imaged on the display screen and the user language are discussed and illustrated.

  17. Microcomputer-based digital image processing - A tutorial package for exploration geologists

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harrington, J. A., Jr.; Cartin, K. F.

    1985-01-01

    An Apple II microcomputer-based software package for analysis of digital data developed at the University of Oklahoma, the Digital Image Analysis System (DIAS), provides a relatively low-cost, portable alternative to large, dedicated minicomputers for digital image processing education. Digital processing techniques for analysis of Landsat MSS data and a series of tutorial exercises for exploration geologists are described and evaluated. DIAS allows in-house training that does not interfere with computer-based prospect analysis objectives.

  18. TMS communications hardware. Volume 1: Computer interfaces

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, J. S.; Weinrich, S. S.

    1979-01-01

    A prototpye coaxial cable bus communications system was designed to be used in the Trend Monitoring System (TMS) to connect intelligent graphics terminals (based around a Data General NOVA/3 computer) to a MODCOMP IV host minicomputer. The direct memory access (DMA) interfaces which were utilized for each of these computers are identified. It is shown that for the MODCOMP, an off-the-shell board was suitable, while for the NOVAs, custon interface circuitry was designed and implemented.

  19. Simple digital pulse-programing circuit

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Langston, J. L.

    1979-01-01

    Pulse-sequencing circuit uses only shift register and Exclusive-OR gates. Circuit also serves as date-transition edge detector (for rising or falling edges). It is used in sample-and-hold, analog-to-digital conversion sequence control, multiphase clock logic, precise delay control computer control logic, edge detectors, other timing applications, and provides simple means to generate timing and control signals for data transfer, addressing, or mode control in microprocessors and minicomputers.

  20. Development of an infrared polarimeter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coffeen, D. L.

    1972-01-01

    AEROPOL infrared polarimeter was built for measurements microns between 1.1 and 3.5 microns, with a 1.5 degree field of view, using a wire grid polarization analyzer. A PbS detector is cooled by condensed Freon-13. The instrument operates under minicomputer control, giving a polarization least squares solution each 2.5 seconds. AEROPOL was flown on the NASA CV-990 aircraft, in a remote-sensing study of terrestrial cloud particle sizes and shapes.

  1. A scanning laser rangefinder for a robotic vehicle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lewis, R. A.; Johnston, A. R.

    1977-01-01

    A scanning Laser Rangefinder (LRF) which operates in conjunction with a minicomputer as part of a robotic vehicle is described. The description, in sufficient detail for replication, modification, and maintenance, includes both hardware and software. Also included is a discussion of functional requirements relative to a detailing of the instrument and its performance, a summary of the robot system in which the LRF functions, the software organization, interfaces and description, and the applications to which the LRF has been put.

  2. Forth system for coherent-scatter radar data acquisition and processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rennier, A. D.; Bowhill, S. A.

    1985-01-01

    A real time collection system was developed for the Urbana coherent scatter radar system. The new system, designed for use with a microcomputer, has several advantages over the old system implemented with a minicomputer. The software used to collect the data is described as well as the processing software used to analyze the data. In addition a magnetic tape format for coherent scatter data exchange is given.

  3. Study of software application of airborne laser doppler system for severe storms measurement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alley, P. L.

    1979-01-01

    Significant considerations are described for performing a Severe Storms Measurement program in real time. Particular emphasis is placed on the sizing and timing requirements for a minicomputer-based system. Analyses of several factors which could impact the effectiveness of the system are presented. The analyses encompass the problems of data acquisition, data storage, data registration, correlation, and flow field computation, and error induced by aircraft motion, moment estimation, and pulse integration.

  4. Laser velocimeter (autocovariance) buffer interface

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clemmons, J. I., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    A laser velocimeter (autocovariance) buffer interface (LVABI) was developed to serve as the interface between three laser velocimeter high speed burst counters and a minicomputer. A functional description is presented of the instrument and its unique features which allow the studies of flow velocity vector analysis, turbulence power spectra, and conditional sampling of other phenomena. Typical applications of the laser velocimeter using the LVABI are presented to illustrate its various capabilities.

  5. The Langley Advanced Real-Time Simulation (ARTS) system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crawford, Daniel J.; Cleveland, Jeff I., II; Staib, Richard O.

    1988-01-01

    This paper is intended as a status report on the ARTS system. It briefly describes the architecture and principal subsystems including: the CAMAC network system (hardware and software), the clocking system, the signal converters, the control consoles, and the minicomputer and microcomputer interfaces. The performance and reliability of the system exceeds expectations and component failure data over an 11-month period are presented. Planned enhancements, including the replacement of the mainframe computers, are discussed.

  6. Data base design for a worldwide multicrop information system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Driggers, W. G.; Downs, J. M.; Hickman, J. R.; Packard, R. L. (principal investigators)

    1979-01-01

    A description of the USDA Application Test System data base design approach and resources is presented. The data is described in detail by category, with emphasis on those characteristics which influenced the design most. It was concluded that the use of a generalized data base in support of crop assessment is a sound concept. The IDMS11 minicomputer base system is recommended for this purpose.

  7. Large aperture ac interferometer for optical testing.

    PubMed

    Moore, D T; Murray, R; Neves, F B

    1978-12-15

    A 20-cm clear aperture modified Twyman-Green interferometer is described. The system measures phase with an AC technique called phase-lock interferometry while scanning the aperture with a dual galvanometer scanning system. Position information and phase are stored in a minicomputer with disk storage. This information is manipulated with associated software, and the wavefront deformation due to a test component is graphically displayed in perspective and contour on a CRT terminal. PMID:20208642

  8. FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared) spectrophotometry for thin film monitors: Computer and equipment integration for enhanced capabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cox, J. N.; Sedayao, J.; Shergill, G.; Villasol, R.; Haaland, D. M.

    Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry (FTIR) is a valuable technique for monitoring thin films used in semiconductor device manufacture. Determinations of the constituent contents in borophosphosilicate (BPSG), phosphosilicate (PSG), silicon oxynitride (SiON:H,OH), and spin-on-glass (SOG) thin films are a few applications. Due to the nature of the technique, FTIR instrumentation is one of the most extensively computer-dependent pieces of equipment that is likely to be found in a microelectronics plant. In the role of fab monitor or reactor characterization tool, FTIR instruments can rapidly generate large amounts of data. By linking a local FTIR data station to a remote minicomputer its capabilities are greatly improved. We discuss three caused of enhancement. First, the FTIR in the fab area communicates and interacts in real time with the minicomputer: transferring data segments to it, instructing it to perform sophisticated processing, and returning the result to the operator in the fab. Characterizations of PSG thin films by this approach are discussed. Second, the spectra of large numbers of samples are processed locally. The large database is then transmitted to the minicomputer for study by statistical/graphics software. Results of CVD-reactor spatial profiling experiments for plasma SiON are presented. Third, processing of calibration spectra is performed on the minicomputer to optimize the accuracy and precision of a Partial Least Squares analysis mode. This model is then transferred to the data station in the fab. The analysis of BPSG thin films is discussed in this regard. The prospects for fully automated at-line monitoring and for real-time, in-situ monitoring will be discussed.

  9. TMS communications hardware. Volume 2: Bus interface unit

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, J. S.; Hopkins, G. T.

    1979-01-01

    A prototype coaxial cable bus communication system used in the Trend Monitoring System to interconnect intelligent graphics terminals to a host minicomputer is described. The terminals and host are connected to the bus through a microprocessor-based RF modem termed a Bus Interface Unit (BIU). The BIU hardware and the Carrier Sense Multiple Access Listen-While-Talk protocol used on the network are described.

  10. TMS communications software. Volume 1: Computer interfaces

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, J. S.; Lenker, M. D.

    1979-01-01

    A prototype bus communications system, which is being used to support the Trend Monitoring System (TMS) as well as for evaluation of the bus concept is considered. Hardware and software interfaces to the MODCOMP and NOVA minicomputers are included. The system software required to drive the interfaces in each TMS computer is described. Documentation of other software for bus statistics monitoring and for transferring files across the bus is also included.

  11. ART/Ada design project, phase 1: Project plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allen, Bradley P.

    1988-01-01

    The plan and schedule for Phase 1 of the Ada based ESBT Design Research Project is described. The main platform for the project is a DEC Ada compiler on VAX mini-computers and VAXstations running the Virtual Memory System (VMS) operating system. The Ada effort and lines of code are given in tabular form. A chart is given of the entire project life cycle.

  12. Versatile pulsed rf heterodyne spectrometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gibson, A. A. V.; Owers-Bradley, J. R.; Calder, I. D.; Ketterson, J. B.; Halperin, W. P.

    1981-10-01

    We present the design of a versatile rf heterodyne spectrometer covering a 100 kHz to 190 MHz frequency range, which has been useful in nuclear magnetic resonance and acoustic experiments over its whole range. Commercial instruments were used wherever possible: two units, an rf pulse generator, and a 30-MHz IF amplifier/detector were constructed and are described in detail. Also, we briefly outline application to ultrasound and NMR measurements and interfacing to a minicomputer-based data processing system.

  13. Pricetown I - In-situ coal conversion field test for bituminous coals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zielinski, R. E.; Seabaugh, P. W.; Agarwal, A. K.; Larson, R. J.; Liberatore, A. J.; Martin, J. W.; McClung, J. D.

    The effectiveness of the in situ, underground Linked Vertical Well method of bituminous coal gasification was investigated by a field test in West Virginia. The test, involving air injection and reverse combustion linkage, was continuously monitored in real time by a minicomputer system. The high methane content of the evolved gas is attributed to the thermal- and hydro-cracking of tars and oils along with hydropyrolysis and hydrogasification of coal char.

  14. E beam: An operating system for particle beam lithography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merrifield, B. C.

    1982-10-01

    A modular suite of subroutines, designed to provide an operating environment for an electron beam lithography machine is described. The suite runs on any PDP-11 16-bit minicomputer with sufficient memory under the RT11 or RSX-11M operating systems. Module names, peripheral addresses and instructions for installation and operation under both operating systems are given together with descriptions of available commands and a list of error messages with possible causes and remedies.

  15. Electron optics cannot be taught through computation?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Merwe, J. P.

    1980-07-01

    It is shown how certain concepts which are basic to electron optics may be introduced to undergraduate physics students by calculating trajectories of charged particles through electrostatic fields which can be evaluated on minicomputers with a minimum of programming effort. High precision ray tracing through central fields require only programmable pocket calculators, whereas Fourier-Bessel fields are easily accommodated on small desk top computers. Examples include coaxial, two-foil, one-foil, and open electron lenses.

  16. Topics in programmable automation. [for materials handling, inspection, and assembly

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rosen, C. A.

    1975-01-01

    Topics explored in the development of integrated programmable automation systems include: numerically controlled and computer controlled machining; machine intelligence and the emulation of human-like capabilities; large scale semiconductor integration technology applications; and sensor technology for asynchronous local computation without burdening the executive minicomputer which controls the whole system. The role and development of training aids, and the potential application of these aids to augmented teleoperator systems are discussed.

  17. Computer program modifications of Open-file report 82-1065; a comprehensive system for interpreting seismic-refraction and arrival-time data using interactive computer methods

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ackermann, Hans D.; Pankratz, Leroy W.; Dansereau, Danny A.

    1983-01-01

    The computer programs published in Open-File Report 82-1065, A comprehensive system for interpreting seismic-refraction arrival-time data using interactive computer methods (Ackermann, Pankratz, and Dansereau, 1982), have been modified to run on a mini-computer. The new version uses approximately 1/10 of the memory of the initial version, is more efficient and gives the same results.

  18. Processing PCM Data in Real Time

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wissink, T. L.

    1982-01-01

    Novel hardware configuration makes it possible for Space Shuttle launch processing system to monitor pulse-code-modulated data in real time. Using two microprogramable "option planes," incoming PCM data are monitored for changes at rate of one frame of data (80 16-bit words) every 10 milliseconds. Real-time PCM processor utilizes CPU in mini-computer and CPU's in two option planes.

  19. FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) spectrophotometry for thin film monitors: Computer and equipment integration for enhanced capabilities

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, J.N.; Sedayao, J.; Shergill, G.; Villasol, R. ); Haaland, D.M. )

    1990-01-01

    Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry (FTIR) is a valuable technique for monitoring thin films used in semiconductor device manufacture. Determinations of the constituent contents in borophosphosilicate (BPSG), phosphosilicate (PSG), silicon oxynitride (SiON:H,OH), and spin-on-glass (SOG) thin films are a few applications. Due to the nature of the technique, FTIR instrumentation is one of the most extensively computer-dependent pieces of equipment that is likely to be found in a microelectronics plant. In the role of fab monitor or reactor characterization tool, FTIR instruments can rapidly generate large amounts of data. By linking a local FTIR data station to a remote minicomputer its capabilities are greatly improved. We discuss three caused of enhancement. First, the FTIR in the fab area communicates and interacts in real time with the minicomputer: transferring data segments to it, instructing it to perform sophisticated processing, and returning the result to the operator in the fab. Characterizations of PSG thin films by this approach are discussed. Second, the spectra of large numbers of samples are processed locally. The large database is then transmitted to the minicomputer for study by statistical/graphics software. Results of CVD-reactor spatial profiling experiments for plasma SiON are presented. Third, processing of calibration spectra is performed on the minicomputer to optimize the accuracy and precision of a Partial Least Squares'' analysis mode. This model is then transferred to the data station in the fab. The analysis of BPSG thin films is discussed in this regard. The prospects for fully automated at-line monitoring and for real-time, in-situ monitoring will be discussed. 10 refs., 4 figs.

  20. Geometric assessment of image quality using digital image registration techniques

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tisdale, G. E.

    1976-01-01

    Image registration techniques were developed to perform a geometric quality assessment of multispectral and multitemporal image pairs. Based upon LANDSAT tapes, accuracies to a small fraction of a pixel were demonstrated. Because it is insensitive to the choice of registration areas, the technique is well suited to performance in an automatic system. It may be implemented at megapixel-per-second rates using a commercial minicomputer in combination with a special purpose digital preprocessor.

  1. Debugging in a multi-processor environment

    SciTech Connect

    Spann, J.M.

    1981-09-29

    The Supervisory Control and Diagnostic System (SCDS) for the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) consists of nine 32-bit minicomputers arranged in a tightly coupled distributed computer system utilizing a share memory as the data exchange medium. Debugging of more than one program in the multi-processor environment is a difficult process. This paper describes what new tools were developed and how the testing of software is performed in the SCDS for the MFTF project.

  2. Developing a Computerized Medical Coding System for an Ambulatory Care Facility

    PubMed Central

    Laviola, Maureen; Jacobson, Catherine

    1981-01-01

    With a phenominal growth in the number of group practice and ambulatory health facilities along with an increased availability and decreased cost of mini-computers, the need for a diagnostic coding system oriented toward ambulatory care has become more apparent. We will point out problems we have encountered with the widely accepted International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision, coding system, and what we have done to adapt this system to the needs of a high volume ambulatory care facility.

  3. The application of charge-coupled device processors in automatic-control systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcvey, E. S.; Parrish, E. A., Jr.

    1977-01-01

    The application of charge-coupled device (CCD) processors to automatic-control systems is suggested. CCD processors are a new form of semiconductor component with the unique ability to process sampled signals on an analog basis. Specific implementations of controllers are suggested for linear time-invariant, time-varying, and nonlinear systems. Typical processing time should be only a few microseconds. This form of technology may become competitive with microprocessors and minicomputers in addition to supplementing them.

  4. A Workstation-Based Inpatient Clinical System in the Johns Hopkins Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Schneider, Marvin; Tolchin, Stephen G.; Kahane, Stephen N.; Goldberg, Howard S.; Barta, Patrick

    1985-01-01

    The Johns Hopkins Hospital has initiated an ambitious program to apply modern technologies to the development of a new, comprehensive clinical information system. This system integrates many distinct functional subsystems using a local area network. One component of this system is a distributed inpatient clinical management system. This paper discusses a workstation-based design with minicomputer support. User interface requirements, system architecture, project plans and alternative approaches are discussed.

  5. A portable millisecond-integration-time photoelectric photometer.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcgraw, J. T.; Wells, D. C.; Wiant, J. R.

    1973-01-01

    Portable equipment for recording millisecond-integration-time photoelectric photometric data is described. Digital data are reliably recorded on standard 6.35 mm audio grade magnetic tape via a quadradial audio grade tape deck. The system is designed specifically for recording lunar occulations of stars, but the data recording technique is independent of the data source. Recovery of the data is made via minicomputer.

  6. Functional definition and design of a USDA system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Evans, S. M.; Dario, E. R.; Dickinson, G. L. (principal investigators)

    1979-01-01

    The fundamental definition and design of a U.S.D.A. system utilizing the LACIE technology avaliable as of June 1976, is discussed. The organization and methods described are focused on LACIE technology in terms of its transfer for use applications. The simulation of a feasible system design provided timely answers to system design questions, such as the ability of a minicomputer to handle the proposed geometrical correction of MSS data.

  7. An implementation of the distributed programming structural synthesis system (PROSSS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rogers, J. L., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    A method is described for implementing a flexible software system that combines large, complex programs with small, user-supplied, problem-dependent programs and that distributes their execution between a mainframe and a minicomputer. The Programming Structural Synthesis System (PROSSS) was the specific software system considered. The results of such distributed implementation are flexibility of the optimization procedure organization and versatility of the formulation of constraints and design variables.

  8. Dedicated multiprocessor system for calculating Josephson-junction noise thermometer frequency variances at high speed

    SciTech Connect

    Cutkosky, R.D.

    1983-07-01

    A Josephson-junction noise thermometer produces a sequence of frequency readings from whose variations the temperature of the thermometer may be calculated. A preprocessor system has been constructed to collect the frequency readings delivered to an IEEE 488 bus by an ordinary counter operating at up to 1000 readings per second, perform the required calculations, and send summary information to a desk calculator or minicomputer on another 488 bus at a more convenient rate.

  9. Optimizing Xenix I/O

    SciTech Connect

    Bottorff, P.; Potts, B.

    1983-08-01

    High performance microprocessors, inexpensive Winchester disk drives and low cost high density dynamic random access memories are making it feasible to incorporate minicomputer operating systems such as Unix into multiuser/multitasking microcomputers. However, before Unix and its derivatives can be efficiently integrated into a microcomputer environment, certain I/O and memory management hardware design problems previously limited to larger computer systems must be solved. These are discussed.

  10. Computer aided interpretation of acid-base disorders.

    PubMed

    Pincé, H; Verberckmoes, R; Willems, J L

    1990-04-01

    This paper describes an expert system for the interpretation of acid-base disorders. The target users are residents in training in internal medicine, anaesthesia and intensive care medicine. The program is written in PROLOG and runs on a SUN 3/160 minicomputer. Evaluation of a learning set (N = 202) and a test set (N = 194) has proved that the system's accuracy is acceptable. As a result, the program has recently been put in routine clinical practice. PMID:2188911

  11. Electromechanical three-axis development for remote handling in the Hot Experimental Facility

    SciTech Connect

    Garin, J.; Bolfing, B.J.; Satterlee, P.E.; Babcock, S.M.

    1981-01-01

    A three-axis closed-loop position control system has been designed and installed on an overhead bridge, carriage, tube hoist for automotive positioning of manipulation at a remotely maintained work site. The system provides accurate (within 3 min) and repeatable three-axis positioning of the manipulator. The position control system has been interfaced to a supervisory minicomputer system that provides teach-playback capability of manipulator positioning and color graphic display of the three-axis system position.

  12. Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry for thin film monitors: computer and equipment integration for enhanced capabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cox, J. Neal; Sedayao, J.; Shergill, Gurmeet S.; Villasol, R.; Haaland, David M.

    1991-03-01

    Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry (FTIR) is a valuable technique for monitoring thin films used in semiconductor device manufacture. Determinations of the constituent contents in borophosphosilicate (BPSG) phosphosilicate (PSG) silicon oxynitride (SiON:H and spin-on-glass (SOG) thin films are a few applications. Due to the nature of the technique FTIR instrumentation is one of the most extensively computer-dependent pieces of equipment that is likely to be found in a microelectronics plant. In the role of fab monitor or reactor characterization tool FTIR instruments can rapidly generate large amounts of data. Also the drive for greater accuracy and tighter precision is leading to the development of increasingly sophisticated data processing software that tax the computing abilities of most instrument local data stations. By linking a local FTIR data station to a remote minicomputer its capabilities are greatly improved. We discuss three classes of enhancement. First the FTIR in the fab area communicates and interacts in real time with the minicomputer: transferring data segments to it instructing it to perform sophisticated processing and returning the results to the operator in the fab. Characterizations of PSG thin films by this approach are discussed. Second the spectra of large numbers of samples are processed locally. The large database is then transmitted to the minicomputer for study by statistical/graphics software. Results of CVD-reactor spatial profiling experiments for plasma SiON are presented. Third processing of calibration spectra is performed

  13. Application of a personal computer for the uncoupled vibration analysis of wind turbine blade and counterweight assemblies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, P. R.; Little, R. R.

    1985-01-01

    A research effort was undertaken to develop personal computer based software for vibrational analysis. The software was developed to analytically determine the natural frequencies and mode shapes for the uncoupled lateral vibrations of the blade and counterweight assemblies used in a single bladed wind turbine. The uncoupled vibration analysis was performed in both the flapwise and chordwise directions for static rotor conditions. The effects of rotation on the uncoupled flapwise vibration of the blade and counterweight assemblies were evaluated for various rotor speeds up to 90 rpm. The theory, used in the vibration analysis codes, is based on a lumped mass formulation for the blade and counterweight assemblies. The codes are general so that other designs can be readily analyzed. The input for the codes is generally interactive to facilitate usage. The output of the codes is both tabular and graphical. Listings of the codes are provided. Predicted natural frequencies of the first several modes show reasonable agreement with experimental results. The analysis codes were originally developed on a DEC PDP 11/34 minicomputer and then downloaded and modified to run on an ITT XTRA personal computer. Studies conducted to evaluate the efficiency of running the programs on a personal computer as compared with the minicomputer indicated that, with the proper combination of hardware and software options, the efficiency of using a personal computer exceeds that of a minicomputer.

  14. Robot welding process control

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Romine, Peter L.

    1991-01-01

    This final report documents the development and installation of software and hardware for Robotic Welding Process Control. Primary emphasis is on serial communications between the CYRO 750 robotic welder, Heurikon minicomputer running Hunter & Ready VRTX, and an IBM PC/AT, for offline programming and control and closed-loop welding control. The requirements for completion of the implementation of the Rocketdyne weld tracking control are discussed. The procedure for downloading programs from the Intergraph, over the network, is discussed. Conclusions are made on the results of this task, and recommendations are made for efficient implementation of communications, weld process control development, and advanced process control procedures using the Heurikon.

  15. Nova control system: goals, architecture, and system design

    SciTech Connect

    Suski, G.J.; Duffy, J.M.; Gritton, D.G.; Holloway, F.W.; Krammen, J.R.; Ozarski, R.G.; Severyn, J.R.; Van Arsdall, P.J.

    1982-05-19

    The control system for the Nova laser must operate reliably in a harsh pulse power environment and satisfy requirements of technical functionality, flexibility, maintainability and operability. It is composed of four fundamental subsystems: Power Conditioning, Alignment, Laser Diagnostics, and Target Diagnostics, together with a fifth, unifying subsystem called Central Controls. The system architecture utilizes a collection of distributed microcomputers, minicomputers, and components interconnected through high speed fiber optic communications systems. The design objectives, development strategy and architecture of the overall control system and each of its four fundamental subsystems are discussed. Specific hardware and software developments in several areas are also covered.

  16. Acoustic leak-detection/location system with multichannel charge amplifier/line driver

    SciTech Connect

    Gaubatz, D.C.; Greene, D.A.

    1980-04-01

    Testing on the MATOI test vessel was initiated using a multichannel Acoustic Leak Detection System (ALDS). The multichannel system incorporates several key elements of the reference ALDS: prototypic multichannel charge amplifiers; computer controlled multiplexer; computer controlled gain amplifiers; and alarm annunciation. ALDS now has prototypic analogue signal conditioning identical to that proposed for an LMFBR system. Beamforming and digital signal analysis hardware are simulated by a software program in the PDP 11 minicomputer. Comparative performance data are provided between the prototypic and earlier versions.

  17. ART/Ada design project, phase 1. Task 3 report: Test plan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allen, Bradley P.

    1988-01-01

    The plan is described for the integrated testing and benchmark of Phase Ada based ESBT Design Research Project. The integration testing is divided into two phases: (1) the modules that do not rely on the Ada code generated by the Ada Generator are tested before the Ada Generator is implemented; and (2) all modules are integrated and tested with the Ada code generated by the Ada Generator. Its performance and size as well as its functionality is verified in this phase. The target platform is a DEC Ada compiler on VAX mini-computers and VAX stations running the VMS operating system.

  18. Registration of Heat Capacity Mapping Mission day and night images

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Watson, K.; Hummer-Miller, S.; Sawatzky, D. L. (principal investigators)

    1982-01-01

    Neither iterative registration, using drainage intersection maps for control, nor cross correlation techniques were satisfactory in registering day and night HCMM imagery. A procedure was developed which registers the image pairs by selecting control points and mapping the night thermal image to the daytime thermal and reflectance images using an affine transformation on a 1300 by 1100 pixel image. The resulting image registration is accurate to better than two pixels (RMS) and does not exhibit the significant misregistration that was noted in the temperature-difference and thermal-inertia products supplied by NASA. The affine transformation was determined using simple matrix arithmetic, a step that can be performed rapidly on a minicomputer.

  19. Close to real life. [solving for transonic flow about lifting airfoils using supercomputers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peterson, Victor L.; Bailey, F. Ron

    1988-01-01

    NASA's Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS) facility for CFD modeling of highly complex aerodynamic flows employs as its basic hardware two Cray-2s, an ETA-10 Model Q, an Amdahl 5880 mainframe computer that furnishes both support processing and access to 300 Gbytes of disk storage, several minicomputers and superminicomputers, and a Thinking Machines 16,000-device 'connection machine' processor. NAS, which was the first supercomputer facility to standardize operating-system and communication software on all processors, has done important Space Shuttle aerodynamics simulations and will be critical to the configurational refinement of the National Aerospace Plane and its intergrated powerplant, which will involve complex, high temperature reactive gasdynamic computations.

  20. Missouri Automated Radiology System: a dynamic, interactive diagnostic and management system for radiant images.

    PubMed

    Lodwick, G S; Tully, R J; Markivee, C R; Hakimi, B R; Dittrich, F J

    1977-01-01

    Missouri Automated Radiology System has functioned in full support of the Department of Radiology for more than 7 years. For the past 5 years, MARS has functioned as a minicomputer system on a DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation) PDP-15 computer. While continuing to effectively support the department, in daily use by 20 staff and 15 resident physicians, MARS has continued to function in a research and development mode. With the continuous development of new applications, MARS is now essential to the function of the department and has again proven the point that physicians and computers can function symbiotically in the medical environment. PMID:10297278

  1. Application of image processing techniques to fluid flow data analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Giamati, C. C.

    1981-01-01

    The application of color coding techniques used in processing remote sensing imagery to analyze and display fluid flow data is discussed. A minicomputer based color film recording and color CRT display system is described. High quality, high resolution images of two-dimensional data are produced on the film recorder. Three dimensional data, in large volume, are used to generate color motion pictures in which time is used to represent the third dimension. Several applications and examples are presented. System hardware and software is described.

  2. Programming for energy monitoring/display system in multicolor lidar system research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alvarado, R. C., Jr.; Allen, R. J.

    1982-01-01

    The Z80 microprocessor based computer program that directs and controls the operation of the six channel energy monitoring/display system that is a part of the NASA Multipurpose Airborne Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) system is described. The program is written in the Z80 assembly language and is located on EPROM memories. All source and assembled listings of the main program, five subroutines, and two service routines along with flow charts and memory maps are included. A combinational block diagram shows the interfacing (including port addresses) between the six power sensors, displays, front panel controls, the main general purpose minicomputer, and this dedicated microcomputer system.

  3. Data acquisition for the HILI (Heavy Ion Light Ion) detector

    SciTech Connect

    Teh, K.M.; Shapira, D.; McConnell, J.W.; Kim, H.; Novotny, R.

    1987-01-01

    A large acceptance, multi-segmented detector system capable of the simultaneous detection of heavy and light ions has been constructed. The heavy ions are detected with a segmented gas ionization chamber and a multiwire proportional counter while the light ions are detected with a 192 element plastic phoswich hodoscope. Processing the large number of signals is accomplished through a combination of CAMAC and FASTBUS modules and preprocessors, and a Host minicomputer. Details of the data acquisition system and the reasons for adopting a dual standards system are discussed. In addition, a technique for processing signals from an individual hodoscope detector is presented. 4 refs., 3 figs.

  4. Use of functional mass in renal scintigraphy to detect segmental arterial lesions

    SciTech Connect

    Stibolt, T.B. Jr.; Bacher, J.D.; Dunnick, N.R.; Lock, A.; Jones, A.E.; Bailey, J.J.

    1982-04-01

    Renography using a gamma camera, a minicomputer, (/sup 123/I)orthoiodohippurate ((/sup 123/I)OIH), and a canine model was employed to evaluate computer-generated maps of regional renal function. Renograms were obtained before and after ligations of the right renal arterial branch in four dogs, with subsequent angiographic and histologic confirmation of the lesions. Postoperative time-activity curves were normal. Washout and persistence index in three of four right kidneys showed regional abnormality. Functional renal mapping may provide a clinical technique for evaluating human renal vascular hypertension.

  5. Control system theory of operation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    Control of the field of heliostats is accomplished by means of a distributed computer control system consisting of a minicomputer located in the plant control room and a network of data buses and microcomputer-based controllers located at the heliostats. The reflective surface on each heliostat is rotated about azimuth and elevation axes by means of a gear-drive unit and electric motors. The actual azimuth and elevation angles are determined by means of incremental optical encoders and a microcomputer, and the microcomputer provides the logic to turn the drive motors on and off as required.

  6. Gamma-resonance system on line with microcomputer

    SciTech Connect

    Bil'dyukevich, E.V.; Gurachevskii, V.L; Litvinovich, Y.A.; Mashlan, M.; Misevich, O.V.

    1986-05-01

    This paper describes a system that consists of a modernized YaGRS-4M spectrometer interfaced with an Elektronika-60 microcomputer, which operates as a terminal for SM-4 and Elektronika-100I minicomputers. It is shown that organization of storage and real-time display of Mossbauer spectra by direct memory access, which completely eliminates losses d of physical data, frees the processor of the microcomputer for solution of problems that put an experiment on-line. The advantages of a multi-level system for automation of gamma-resonance experiments are discussed.

  7. A computer system to analyze showers in nuclear emulsions: Center Director's discretionary fund report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meegan, C. A.; Fountain, W. F.; Berry, F. A., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    A system to rapidly digitize data from showers in nuclear emulsions is described. A TV camera views the emulsions though a microscope. The TV output is superimposed on the monitor of a minicomputer. The operator uses the computer's graphics capability to mark the positions of particle tracks. The coordinates of each track are stored on a disk. The computer then predicts the coordinates of each track through successive layers of emulsion. The operator, guided by the predictions, thus tracks and stores the development of the shower. The system provides a significant improvement over purely manual methods of recording shower development in nuclear emulsion stacks.

  8. Computers for artificial intelligence a technology assessment and forecast

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, R.K.

    1986-01-01

    This study reviews the development and current state-of-the-art in computers for artificial intelligence, including LISP machines, AI workstations, professional and engineering workstations, minicomputers, mainframes, and supercomputers. Major computer systems for AI applications are reviewed. The use of personal computers for expert system development is discussed, and AI software for the IBM PC, Texas Instrument Professional Computer, and Apple MacIntosh is presented. Current research aimed at developing a new computer for artificial intelligence is described, and future technological developments are discussed.

  9. Operator-generated command language for computer control of Doublet III

    SciTech Connect

    Drobnis, D.; Petersen, P.

    1982-02-01

    The Control System for Doublet III consists of a medium-sized minicomputer system, with several keyboards and color alphanumeric CRTs for interactive operator interface to a large distributed CAMAC I/O system. Under normal operating conditions, however, all of the sequential and decision-making operations necessary to prepare each tokamak shot are performed directly by the computer, executing a set of Procedures coded in a convenient command language. Most of these Procedures have been developed by the Doublet III operators themselves, and are maintained, altered, and augmented as required without programmer attention. In effect, the Procedures have become a high-level tokamak Command Language.

  10. Airborne infrared polarimeter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coffeen, D. L.; Hameen-Anttila, J.; Toubhans, R. H.

    1975-01-01

    An infrared polarimeter was built to measure the degree of linear polarization and the direction of vibration of radiation scattered upwards by clouds, between 1.1 and 3.5 microns, with a 1.5-deg field of view, using a rotating wire-grid polarization analyzer. A PbS detector is cooled to 192 K by condensing freon-13. This AEROPOL instrument operates under minicomputer control, giving a polarization least-squares solution every 2.5 s. The polarimeter was flown on the NASA CV-990 aircraft, in a remote-sensing study of terrestrial cloud particle sizes and shapes.

  11. Experiments in data collection technology using satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anderson, R. E.; Lewis, J. R.; Trudell, B. J.

    1977-01-01

    A variety of techniques potentially useful to data collection have been tested. An automatic data collection platform with a minicomputer collects and preprocesses data, then sends desired information when interrogated through a communication satellite. Position surveillance by tone-code ranging through communication satellites is automatic, real time and accurate. Emergency medical data transmissions from ambulances to hospitals can be extended to rural and remote areas by direct satellite links. A small platform can send emergency-related data through a satellite while the satellite is routinely relaying powerful communication signals. A low orbit satellite provides means to locate existing emergency locator beacons.

  12. Evaluation of Automated Hospital Data Management Systems (AHDMS)

    PubMed Central

    Young, Edward M.; Brian, Earl W.; Hardy, Dorcas R.; Kaplan, Alan; Childerston, James K.

    1980-01-01

    The introduction of advanced minicomputer technology has made a wide variety of information processing applications available to hospitals which could not previously afford the resources needed to develop and implement such systems. The impact of such systems on the operation of hospitals in the 100-300 bed size range is not fully understood. A preliminary examination of the type of system available to and implemented by hospitals of this size has revealed some system characteristics which have implications both for the ultimate evaluation of such systems and for the use of automated information systems in hospitals in general.

  13. GEM: Statistical weather forecasting procedure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, R. G.

    1983-01-01

    The objective of the Generalized Exponential Markov (GEM) Program was to develop a weather forecast guidance system that would: predict between 0 to 6 hours all elements in the airways observations; respond instantly to the latest observed conditions of the surface weather; process these observations at local sites on minicomputing equipment; exceed the accuracy of current persistence predictions at the shortest prediction of one hour and beyond; exceed the accuracy of current forecast model output statistics inside eight hours; and be capable of making predictions at one location for all locations where weather information is available.

  14. The library and its home computer: automation as if people mattered.

    PubMed

    Avriel, D

    1983-07-01

    To provide its users with quick and easy access to the library resources, the Muriel and Philip Berman National Medical Library, Jerusalem, between 1978 and 1982 developed an integrated library system (MAIMON) on a minicomputer. Because humans are the most important element of the library system, MAIMON's performance was evaluated in terms of benefits provided to patrons, library management, and library staff. After successfully adopting the system, users' needs and expectations have grown. How the existing system will be used and expanded to meet the new information demands at the library is discussed. PMID:6626802

  15. Tubular heat exchanger design. Complement to the report MT 131

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vandeberghe, F.

    1980-11-01

    An interactive program for a minicomputer which calculates the thermal performance of shell and tube heat exchangers was written. The algorithms used and program data flow are described. Heat transfer and pressure drop correlations were assembled from the literature to aid in limiting the overdimensioning of heat exchangers. The user can solve design problems by updating geometrical input parametes until the desired performance criteria are reached. The behavior of a given heat exchanger in partial load or overload conditions, or an exchanger having different fluids can be checked by changing general performance criteria or fluid numbers. An example of a marine oil cooler is used to illustrate use of the program.

  16. Software methodologies for a synthesis-by-rule system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lesmo, L.; Torasso, P.; Mezzalama, M.

    1980-06-01

    The man-machine communication by voice has become a field of interest in the last years. This paper outlines the characteristics of the computer voice response systems and describes in detail a synthesis-by-rule system for the Italian language. The synthesis-by-rule is based on a mathematical model of the human phonatory apparatus and makes it possible to easily control the prosodic features (intonation, stress, context, etc.). A particular emphasis is given to the description of the practical aspects of the system, which has been implemented on a minicomputer, and to the software methodologies adopted to efficiently manage the system's facilities in an interactive way.

  17. The Penn State astronomical image processing system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Truax, Ryland J.; Nousek, John A.; Feigelson, Eric D.; Lonsdale, Colin J.

    1987-06-01

    The needs of modern astronomy for image processing set demanding standards in simultaneously requiring fast computation speed, high-quality graphic display, large data storage, and interactive response. An innovative image processing system was designed, integrated, and used; it is based on a supermicro architecture which is tailored specifically for astronomy, which provides a highly cost-effective alternative to the traditional minicomputer installation. The paper describes the design rationale, equipment selection, and software developed to allow other astronomers with similar needs to benefit from the present experience.

  18. Fatigue-Crack-Growth Computer Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Forman, Royce G.; Shivakumar, V.; Newman, James C., Jr.

    1991-01-01

    Fatigue Crack Growth (NASA/FLAGRO) computer program developed as aid in predicting growth of preexisting flaws and cracks in structural components of space systems. Is enhanced version of FLAGRO4 and incorporates state-of-the-art improvements in both fracture mechanics and computer technology. Provides fracture-mechanics analyst with computerized method of evaluating "safe-crack-growth-life" capabilities of structural components. Also used to evaluate tolerance to damage of structure of given design. Designed modular to facilitate revisions and operation on minicomputers. Written in FORTRAN 77.

  19. The Johns Hopkins Oncology Clinical Information System

    PubMed Central

    Lenhard, Raymond E.; Blum, Bruce I.; Sunderland, Jeffery M.; Braine, Hayden G.; Saral, Rein

    1982-01-01

    The Johns Hopkins Oncology Center has developed and maintains a clinical information system to support patient care, education, research and administrative functions. It operates on a dedicated mini-computer (PDP-11) programmed in MUMPS. Clinical information collelcted includes patient medical status and laboratory values. Data are used daily in patient care and also in support of retrospective and prospective research. The use of the system to manage a large blood product pheresis program and to study and treat infectious disease is described. Administrative functions include patient and personnel scheduling, program evaluation and projects directed toward control of costs.

  20. Comparison of existing digital image analysis systems for the analysis of Thematic Mapper data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Likens, W. C.; Wrigley, R. C.

    1984-01-01

    Most existing image analysis systems were designed with the Landsat Multi-Spectral Scanner in mind, leaving open the question of whether or not these systems could adequately process Thematic Mapper data. In this report, both hardware and software systems have been evaluated for compatibility with TM data. Lack of spectral analysis capability was not found to be a problem, though techniques for spatial filtering and texture varied. Computer processing speed and data storage of currently existing mini-computer based systems may be less than adequate. Upgrading to more powerful hardware may be required for many TM applications.

  1. Feasibility study: Replacement of the inoperative decommutating buffer subsystem for the instrumentation checkout complex in the Quality and Reliability Assurance Laboratory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hilliard, J. W.

    1972-01-01

    A general purpose computer system, that is necessary for replacement of the present inoperative signal decommutator special purpose computer subsystem is described. The present decommutator subsystem has a very poor history of reliability and since April 1970, it has become inoperative because the core memory cannot be repaired. Functions of the present signal, decommutator subsystem are to receive, demultiplex, record in real time, playback in real time, and output to the SDS-930 control computer for analysis of the telemetry data. Recommendations for replacement of the inoperative telemetry decommutator subsystem are for the purchase of a mini-computer.

  2. Quantitative analysis of defects in silicon. Silicon sheet growth development for the large are silicon sheet task of the low-cost solar array project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Natesh, R.; Smith, J. M.; Bruce, T.; Oidwai, H. A.

    1980-01-01

    One hundred and seventy four silicon sheet samples were analyzed for twin boundary density, dislocation pit density, and grain boundary length. Procedures were developed for the quantitative analysis of the twin boundary and dislocation pit densities using a QTM-720 Quantitative Image Analyzing system. The QTM-720 system was upgraded with the addition of a PDP 11/03 mini-computer with dual floppy disc drive, a digital equipment writer high speed printer, and a field-image feature interface module. Three versions of a computer program that controls the data acquisition and analysis on the QTM-720 were written. Procedures for the chemical polishing and etching were also developed.

  3. A system for crack-opening-displacement measurement and photomicrography of cracks at high temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharpe, W. N., Jr.

    Attention is given to a system for the measurement of crack length and crack opening displacement vs. load under conditions typical of such systems as gas turbine high temperature sections, using a computer-controlled, laser-based interferometric strain/displacement gage, together with an automatic photomicrography system for the recording of crack opening displacement and crack length. Both elements of the system can be operated under total minicomputer control to furnish automated testing of short or long crack behavior at room and elevated temperatures.

  4. Microcontroller interface for diode array spectrometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aguo, L.; Williams, R. R.

    An alternative to bus-based computer interfacing is presented using diode array spectrometry as a typical application. The new interface consists of an embedded single-chip microcomputer, known as a microcontroller, which provides all necessary digital I/O and analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) along with an unprecedented amount of intelligence. Communication with a host computer system is accomplished by a standard serial interface so this type of interfacing is applicable to a wide range of personal and minicomputers and can be easily networked. Data are acquired asynchronousty and sent to the host on command. New operating modes which have no traditional counterparts are presented.

  5. An experimental study of a hybrid adaptive control system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lizewski, E. F.; Monopoli, R. V.

    1974-01-01

    A Liapunov type model reference adaptive control system with five adjustable gains is implemented using a PDP-11 digital computer and an EAI 380 analog computer. The plant controlled is a laboratory type dc servo system. It is made to follow closely a second order linear model. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of implementing this rather complex design using only a minicomputer and a reasonable number of operational amplifiers. Also, it points out that satisfactory performance can be achieved even when certain assumptions necessary for the theory are not satisfied.

  6. Repetitive subsecond fluorescence spectra and anisotropy measurements using an optical multichannel analyzer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deranleau, David A.; Stüssi, Edgar

    1987-10-01

    A vidicon tube-based optical multichannel analyzer (OMA) was interfaced to a minicomputer to facilitate the acquisition of real-time light transmission (or fluorescence anisotropy), right-angle scattering, and fluorescence spectra at subsecond rates. The apparatus was designed for kinetic studies of the optical responses of living cells to stimulation with physiological and other activators, and features menu-driven interactive graphics for presentation and handling of the intensity, wavelength, and time data in two or three dimensions. Stimulus-induced secretion of acriflavine-loaded human blood platelet dense granule contents is shown as an example of the apparatus capabilities.

  7. An object oriented software bus

    SciTech Connect

    McGirt, F.; Wilkerson, J.F.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes a new approach to development of software for highly integrated software-hardware systems such as used for data acquisition and control. This approach, called the Object Oriented Software Bus (OSB), is a way to develop software according to a common specification similar to the way interface hardware has been developed since the advent of bus structures for minicomputers and microcomputers. Key concept of the OSB is extension of the common use of objects to support user interface and data analysis functions to the development of software objects that directly correspond to real- world hardware interfaces and modules.

  8. Distributed data base systems with special emphasis toward POREL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Neuhold, E. J.

    1984-01-01

    In the last few years a number of research and advanced development projects have resulted in distributed data base management prototypes. POREL, developed at the University of Stuttgart, is a multiuser, distributed, relational system developed for wide and local area networks of minicomputers and advanced micros. The general objectives of such data base systems and the architecture of POREL are discussed. In addition a comparison of some of the the existing distributed DMBS is included to provide the reader with information about the current state of the art.

  9. Man-machine analysis of translation and work tasks of Skylab films

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hosler, W. W.; Boelter, J. G.; Morrow, J. R., Jr.; Jackson, J. T.

    1979-01-01

    An objective approach to determine the concurrent validity of computer-graphic models is real time film analysis. This technique was illustrated through the procedures and results obtained in an evaluation of translation of Skylab mission astronauts. The quantitative analysis was facilitated by the use of an electronic film analyzer, minicomputer, and specifically supportive software. The uses of this technique for human factors research are: (1) validation of theoretical operator models; (2) biokinetic analysis; (3) objective data evaluation; (4) dynamic anthropometry; (5) empirical time-line analysis; and (6) consideration of human variability. Computer assisted techniques for interface design and evaluation have the potential for improving the capability for human factors engineering.

  10. U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY'S NATIONAL REAL-TIME HYDROLOGIC INFORMATION SYSTEM USING GOES SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shope, William G., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    The U. S. Geological Survey maintains the basic hydrologic data collection system for the United States. The Survey is upgrading the collection system with electronic communications technologies that acquire, telemeter, process, and disseminate hydrologic data in near real-time. These technologies include satellite communications via the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, Data Collection Platforms in operation at over 1400 Survey gaging stations, Direct-Readout Ground Stations at nine Survey District Offices and a network of powerful minicomputers that allows data to be processed and disseminate quickly.

  11. Data acquisition and command system for use with a microprocessor-based control chassis. [PIGMI-Pion Generation for Medical Irradiations

    SciTech Connect

    Halbig, J.K.; Klosterbuer, S.F.; Martinez, V.A. Jr.

    1980-01-01

    The Pion Generation for Medical Irradiations (PIGMI) program at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory is developing the technology to build smaller, less expensive, and more reliable proton linear accelerators for medical applications, and has designed a powerful, simple, inexpensive, and reliable control and data acquisition system that is central to the program development. The system is a NOVA-3D minicomputer interfaced to several outlying microprocessor-based controllers, which accomplish control and data acquisition through data I/O chasis. The equipment interface chassis, which can issue binary commands, read binary data, issue analog commands, and read timed and untimed analog data is described.

  12. Computer control and data management in an LSI fabrication facility

    SciTech Connect

    Doyal, L. A.; Weaver, D. L.; Gwyn, C. W.

    1980-06-01

    A minicomputer system is used to control diffusion furnaces, monitor temperatures, provide operator instructions for each processing step, and record detailed process histories for wafer lots fabricated in the Sandia Semiconductor Development Laboratory. The system provides a complete data base for laboratory operations, a variety of displays describing equipment status, scheduling and utilization summaries for equipment, wafer and mask inventories, and laboratory management information. The wafer lot history includes a record indicating the operator, time, date, and specification recipe for each process step, special notes summarizing process deviations, results of inspection steps, and in-line capacitance, oxide thickness, or resistivity measurements.

  13. A convenient and adaptable package of computer programs for DNA and protein sequence management, analysis and homology determination.

    PubMed Central

    Pustell, J; Kafatos, F C

    1984-01-01

    We describe the further development of a widely used package of DNA/protein sequence analysis programs (1). Important revisions have been made based on user experience, and new features, multi-user capability, and a set of large scale homology programs have been added. The programs are very user friendly, economical of time and memory, and extremely transportable. They are written in a version of FORTRAN which will compile, with a few defined changes, as FORTRAN 66, FORTRAN 77, FORTRAN IV, FORTRAN IV+, and others. They are running on a variety of microcomputers, minicomputers, and mainframes, in both single user and multi-user configurations. PMID:6320100

  14. Robot welding process control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Romine, Peter L.

    1991-07-01

    This final report documents the development and installation of software and hardware for Robotic Welding Process Control. Primary emphasis is on serial communications between the CYRO 750 robotic welder, Heurikon minicomputer running Hunter & Ready VRTX, and an IBM PC/AT, for offline programming and control and closed-loop welding control. The requirements for completion of the implementation of the Rocketdyne weld tracking control are discussed. The procedure for downloading programs from the Intergraph, over the network, is discussed. Conclusions are made on the results of this task, and recommendations are made for efficient implementation of communications, weld process control development, and advanced process control procedures using the Heurikon.

  15. Single pass Doppler positioning for Search and Rescue satellite missions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmid, P. E.; Vonbun, F. O.; Lynn, J. J.

    1976-01-01

    This paper describes the implementation of beacon location experiments involving the NASA Nimbus-6 and the Amateur Satellite Corporation (AMSAT) Oscar-6 and Oscar-7 spacecraft. The purpose of these experiments is to demonstrate the feasibility of determining the geographical location of a low power VHF 'distress beacon' via satellite. Doppler data collected during satellite passes is reduced in a mini-computer by means of a simple algorithm resulting in the simultaneous recovery of the unknown receiver coordinates and the unknown Doppler bias frequency. Results indicate point positioning to within a few kilometers - which is within the required accuracies for the positioning of downed aircraft for Search/Rescue missions.

  16. User's operating procedures. Volume 2: Scout project financial analysis program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harris, C. G.; Haris, D. K.

    1985-01-01

    A review is presented of the user's operating procedures for the Scout Project Automatic Data system, called SPADS. SPADS is the result of the past seven years of software development on a Prime mini-computer located at the Scout Project Office, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia. SPADS was developed as a single entry, multiple cross-reference data management and information retrieval system for the automation of Project office tasks, including engineering, financial, managerial, and clerical support. This volume, two (2) of three (3), provides the instructions to operate the Scout Project Financial Analysis program in data retrieval and file maintenance via the user friendly menu drivers.

  17. Alternatives in the complement and structure of NASA teleprocessing resources

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1972-01-01

    The results are presented of a program to identify technical innovations which would have an impact on NASA data processing and describe as fully as possible the development work necessary to exploit them. Seven of these options for NASA development, as the opportunities to participate in and enhance the advancing information system technology were called, are reported. A detailed treatment is given of three of the options, involving minicomputers, mass storage devices and software development techniques. These areas were picked by NASA as having the most potential for improving their operations.

  18. An accelerated forth data-acquisition system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowhill, S. A.; Rennier, A. D.

    1986-01-01

    A new data acquisition system was put into operation at Urbana in August 1984. It uses a standard Apple 2 microcomputer with 48 k RAM and a standard 5 1/4 inch floppy disk. Design criteria for the system is given. The system was implemented using fig-FORTH, a threaded interpretive language which permits easy interfacing to machine code. The throughput of this system is better by a factor of 6 than the PDP-15 minicomputer system previously used, and it has the real time display feature and provides the data in much more convenient form. The features which contribute to this improved performance is listed.

  19. Evaluation of initial collector field performance at the Langley Solar Building Test Facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Boyle, R. J.; Jensen, R. N.; Knoll, R. H.

    1977-01-01

    The thermal performance of the solar collector field for the NASA Langley Solar Building Test Facility is given for October 1976 through January 1977. A 1,180 square meter solar collector field with seven collector designs helped to provide hot water for the building heating system and absorption air conditioner. The collectors were arranged in 12 rows with nominally 51 collectors per row. Heat transfer rates for each row were calculated and recorded along with sensor, insolation, and weather data every five minutes using a minicomputer. The agreement between the experimental and predicted collector efficiencies was generally within five percentage points.

  20. [Irradiation of the para-aortic ducts. Presentation of an radiation technic with a largely fixed patient's position].

    PubMed

    Krispel, F; Hackl, A

    1983-03-01

    An irradiation planning program has been developed at the Radiologic University Hospital of Graz which allows an interactive optimization of the energy dose distribution of a Co-60 radiation. This program is running in a minicomputer of type DEC PDP-11/34 under the operation system RSX-11. With the aid of this system, a technique has been developed for irradiating the para-aortic lymph canals which complies with theoretical as well as practical optimization criteria. These optimization criteria are defined, and the usefulness of this irradiation technique is compared with a conventional method and demonstrated on the clinical example. PMID:6836637

  1. Interactive program to control the DATAIO models 17 and 19 PROM programmers

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, M.

    1982-05-01

    This paper discusses the implementation of a software package to control a DATAIO MODEL 17 (or 19) PROM Programmer using a DEC PDP-11 minicomputer running RSX-11. The package provides a human-oriented terminal interface which parses commands and performs the necessary computer-to-programmer communication to execute the desired operation. Additionally, the ability to create, modify, store, and retrieve data files on disk is provided. The intention of the system is to allow a user to create, modify, and archive PROM data.

  2. An improved version of the table look-up algorithm for pattern recognition. [for MSS data processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eppler, W. G.

    1974-01-01

    The table look-up approach to pattern recognition has been used for 3 years at several research centers in a variety of applications. A new version has been developed which is faster, requires significantly less core memory, and retains full precision of the input data. The new version can be used on low-cost minicomputers having 32K words (16 bits each) of core memory and fixed-point arithmetic; no special-purpose hardware is required. An initial FORTRAN version of this system can classify an ERTS computer-compatible tape into 24 classes in less than 15 minutes.

  3. A computer-controlled instrumentation system for third octave analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Faulcon, N. D.; Monteith, J. H.

    1978-01-01

    An instrumentation system is described which employs a minicomputer, a one-third octave band analyzer, and a time code/tape search unit for the automatic control and analysis of third-octave data. With this system the information necessary for data adjustment is formatted in such a way as to eliminate much operator interface, thereby substantially reducing the probability for error. A description of a program for the calculation of effective perceived noise level from aircraft noise data is included as an example of how this system can be used.

  4. User's manual for the Functional Relay Operation Monitor (FROM)

    SciTech Connect

    Gustke, F.R.

    1981-02-01

    Sandia's Digital Systems Development Division 1521 has developed a new functional relay tester. Capabilities of this tester include the measurement of coil and contact resistance, hipot, operate current, and contact operation and bounce times. The heart of the tester is a Hewlett-Packard 21MX minicomputer that uses BASIC or FORTRAN programming languages. All measurements are made by means of simple program calls, and all measurement standards are traceable to the National Bureau of Standards. Functional relay test data are stored on a disc drive and can be output as hard copy, manipulated in the computer, or sent over a distributed-system link to other Sandia computers. 17 figures, 4 tables.

  5. Removing Hidden Lines For Thermal Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rivera, R.; Johnson, T. M.

    1989-01-01

    TRASYS Hidden Line Program, TEKHIDN, developed to aid thermal engineer in viewing objects for thermal analysis. Designed to be run in conjunction with Rockwell International version of TRASYS thermal-analyzer program. TEKHIDN generates images of three-dimensional structures without showing background lines of objects. Hidden-line-removal aspect of program enables user to picture accurately orientations of objects being studied. Designed to be implemented on DEC VAX minicomputer using VAX VMS level 4.2 to 4.5. Tektronix terminal and Plot10 library required.

  6. Consolidation of data base for Army generalized missile model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Klenke, D. J.; Hemsch, M. J.

    1980-01-01

    Data from plume interaction tests, nose mounted canard configuration tests, and high angle of attack tests on the Army Generalized Missile model are consolidated in a computer program which makes them readily accessible for plotting, listing, and evaluation. The program is written in FORTRAN and will run on an ordinary minicomputer. It has the capability of retrieving any coefficient from the existing DATAMAN tapes and displaying it in tabular or plotted form. Comparisons of data taken in several wind tunnels and of data with the predictions of Program MISSILE2 are also presented.

  7. System of Programmed Modules for Measuring Photographs with a Gamma-Telescope

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Averin, S. A.; Veselova, G. V.; Navasardyan, G. V.

    1978-01-01

    Physical experiments using tracking cameras resulted in hundreds of thousands of stereo photographs of events being received. To process such a large volume of information, automatic and semiautomatic measuring systems are required. At the Institute of Space Research of the Academy of Science of the USSR, a system for processing film information from the spark gamma-telescope was developed. The system is based on a BPS-75 projector in line with the minicomputer Elektronika 1001. The report describes this system. The various computer programs available to the operators are discussed.

  8. An Outpatient Clinic Information System Based on Distributed Database Technology

    PubMed Central

    Wilton, Richard; McCoy, J. Michael

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes a clinical information system used in an outpatient teaching clinic at UCLA. The system is designed specifically to address the information-processing needs of health-care providers in the clinic. The computer system uses distributed-database technology as a means of establishing data links between different applications running concurrently in a local area network as well as between network applications and hospital mainframe and minicomputer systems. The distributed architecture has resulted in a computer system that can evolve in response to anticipated clinical needs and to the introduction of new technology.

  9. High resolution color raster computer animation of space filling molecular models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Max, N. L.

    The ATOMLLL system efficiently produces realistic photographs of ball-and-stick or space-filling molecular models, with color shading, highlights, shadows, and transparency. The hidden surface problem for a scene composed of intersecting spheres and cylinders is solved on a CDC-7600, which outputs onto magnetic tape the outlines of the visible parts of each object. The outlines are then rendered, at up to 4096 by x 4096 resolution, by a Dicomed D-48 color film recorder, controlled by a Varian V-75 minicomputer. The Varian computes the shading and highlights for each pixel in a fast microcoded loop. Recent modifications to give shadows and transparency are described.

  10. Development INTERDATA 8/32 computer system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sonett, C. P.

    1983-01-01

    The capabilities of the Interdata 8/32 minicomputer were examined regarding data and word processing, editing, retrieval, and budgeting as well as data management demands of the user groups in the network. Based on four projected needs: (1) a hands on (open shop) computer for data analysis with large core and disc capability; (2) the expected requirements of the NASA data networks; (3) the need for intermittent large core capacity for theoretical modeling; (4) the ability to access data rapidly either directly from tape or from core onto hard copy, the system proved useful and adequate for the planned requirements.

  11. The library and its home computer: automation as if people mattered.

    PubMed Central

    Avriel, D

    1983-01-01

    To provide its users with quick and easy access to the library resources, the Muriel and Philip Berman National Medical Library, Jerusalem, between 1978 and 1982 developed an integrated library system (MAIMON) on a minicomputer. Because humans are the most important element of the library system, MAIMON's performance was evaluated in terms of benefits provided to patrons, library management, and library staff. After successfully adopting the system, users' needs and expectations have grown. How the existing system will be used and expanded to meet the new information demands at the library is discussed. Images PMID:6626802

  12. Automation of internal library operations in academic health sciences libraries: a state of the art report.

    PubMed

    Grefsheim, S F; Larson, R H; Bader, S A; Matheson, N W

    1982-04-01

    A survey of automated records management in the United States and Canada was developed to identify existing on-line library systems and technical expertise. Follow-up interviews were conducted with ten libraries. Tables compare the features and availability of four main frame and four minicomputer systems. Results showed: a trend toward vendor-supplied systems; little coordination of efforts among schools; current system developments generally on a universitywide basis; and the importance of having the cooperation of campus computer facilities to the success of automation efforts. PMID:7066571

  13. Automation of internal library operations in academic health sciences libraries: a state of the art report.

    PubMed Central

    Grefsheim, S F; Larson, R H; Bader, S A; Matheson, N W

    1982-01-01

    A survey of automated records management in the United States and Canada was developed to identify existing on-line library systems and technical expertise. Follow-up interviews were conducted with ten libraries. Tables compare the features and availability of four main frame and four minicomputer systems. Results showed: a trend toward vendor-supplied systems; little coordination of efforts among schools; current system developments generally on a universitywide basis; and the importance of having the cooperation of campus computer facilities to the success of automation efforts. PMID:7066571

  14. A new system for observing solar oscillations at the Mount Wilson Observatory. I - System design and installation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rhodes, E. J., Jr.; Howard, R. F.; Ulrich, R. K.; Smith, E. J.

    1983-01-01

    An observation system designed to obtain daily measurements of solar photospheric and subphotospheric rotational velocities, from the frequency splitting of nonradial solar p-mode oscillations of degree greater than 150, is nearing completion of the Mount Wilson Observatory. The system will combine a 244 x 248 pixel CID camera with a high speed floating point array processor, a 32-bit minicomputer, and a large capacity disk storage system. These components will be integrated into the spectrograph of the 60-foot solar tower telescope at Mount Wilson.

  15. Transfer-function-parameter estimation from frequency response data: A FORTRAN program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Seidel, R. C.

    1975-01-01

    A FORTRAN computer program designed to fit a linear transfer function model to given frequency response magnitude and phase data is presented. A conjugate gradient search is used that minimizes the integral of the absolute value of the error squared between the model and the data. The search is constrained to insure model stability. A scaling of the model parameters by their own magnitude aids search convergence. Efficient computer algorithms result in a small and fast program suitable for a minicomputer. A sample problem with different model structures and parameter estimates is reported.

  16. Optical instrumentation engineering in science, technology and society; Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Technical Meeting, San Mateo, Calif., October 16-18, 1972

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Katz, Y. H.

    1973-01-01

    Visual tracking performance in instrumentation is discussed together with photographic pyrometry in an aeroballistic range, optical characteristics of spherical vapor bubbles in liquids, and the automatic detection and control of surface roughness by coherent diffraction patterns. Other subjects explored are related to instruments, sensors, systems, holography, and pattern recognition. Questions of data handling are also investigated, taking into account minicomputer image storage for holographic interferometry analysis, the design of a video amplifier for a 90 MHz bandwidth, and autostereoscopic screens. Individual items are announced in this issue.

  17. Dual charge-coupled device /CCD/, astronomical spectrometer and direct imaging camera. II - Data handling and control systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dewey, D.; Ricker, G. R.

    1980-01-01

    The data collection system for the MASCOT (MIT Astronomical Spectrometer/Camera for Optical Telescopes) is described. The system relies on an RCA 1802 microprocessor-based controller, which serves to collect and format data, to present data to a scan converter, and to operate a device communication bus. A NOVA minicomputer is used to record and recall frame images and to perform refined image processing. The RCA 1802 also provides instrument mode control for the MASCOT. Commands are issued using STOIC, a FORTH-like language. Sufficient flexibility has been provided so that a variety of CCDs can be accommodated.

  18. On the development of an interactive resource information management system for analysis and display of spatiotemporal data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schell, J. A.

    1974-01-01

    The recent availability of timely synoptic earth imagery from the Earth Resources Technology Satellites (ERTS) provides a wealth of information for the monitoring and management of vital natural resources. Formal language definitions and syntax interpretation algorithms were adapted to provide a flexible, computer information system for the maintenance of resource interpretation of imagery. These techniques are incorporated, together with image analysis functions, into an Interactive Resource Information Management and Analysis System, IRIMAS, which is implemented on a Texas Instruments 980A minicomputer system augmented with a dynamic color display for image presentation. A demonstration of system usage and recommendations for further system development are also included.

  19. APSAS; an Automated Particle Size Analysis System

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Poppe, Lawrence J.; Eliason, A.H.; Fredericks, J.J.

    1985-01-01

    The Automated Particle Size Analysis System integrates a settling tube and an electroresistance multichannel particle-size analyzer (Coulter Counter) with a Pro-Comp/gg microcomputer and a Hewlett Packard 2100 MX(HP 2100 MX) minicomputer. This system and its associated software digitize the raw sediment grain-size data, combine the coarse- and fine-fraction data into complete grain-size distributions, perform method of moments and inclusive graphics statistics, verbally classify the sediment, generate histogram and cumulative frequency plots, and transfer the results into a data-retrieval system. This system saves time and labor and affords greater reliability, resolution, and reproducibility than conventional methods do.

  20. A real time data acquisition system using the MIL-STD-1553B bus. [for transmission of data to host computer for control law processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peri, Frank, Jr.

    1992-01-01

    A flight digital data acquisition system that uses the MIL-STD-1553B bus for transmission of data to a host computer for control law processing is described. The instrument, the Remote Interface Unit (RIU), can accommodate up to 16 input channels and eight output channels. The RIU employs a digital signal processor to perform local digital filtering before sending data to the host. The system allows flexible sensor and actuator data organization to facilitate quick control law computations on the host computer. The instrument can also run simple control laws autonomously without host intervention. The RIU and host computer together have replaced a similar larger, ground minicomputer system with favorable results.

  1. Advances in airborne radar. The new capabilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stewart, C. M.

    1983-06-01

    The power and speed of the minicomputer, microprocessor, and other signal processing subsystems have had a very significant effect on the operational capability now available from airborne radar. The mechanization of hitherto unrealizable processing strategies has encouraged the development of more sophisticated pulse compression and pulse Doppler radars and allowed them to achieve their full potential within the size and weight constraints of an aircraft installation. The new capabilities in each of the operational roles in which radar is used outlining the techniques employed are reviewed.

  2. Acoustics measurements in normal jet impingement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kleis, S. J.

    1977-01-01

    The dependence of far field acoustic measurements for a uniform jet on nozzle to plate spacing for small dimensionless spacings (h/d - 0.75 to 3.0) was investigated. Spectra from a real time analyzer were read and processed by an HP 2116 minicomputer in on-line mode. Similar data was generated for a fully developed pipe flow exit condition jet to compare with other investigations. The data base for normal jet impingement was extended to smaller values of nozzle to plate spacing. The effects of slight noise heating (30 deg rise) of the jet on the far field noise produced by the impinging jet are demonstrated.

  3. Rocketdyne automated dynamics data analysis and management system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tarn, Robert B.

    1988-01-01

    An automated dynamics data analysis and management systems implemented on a DEC VAX minicomputer cluster is described. Multichannel acquisition, Fast Fourier Transformation analysis, and an online database have significantly improved the analysis of wideband transducer responses from Space Shuttle Main Engine testing. Leakage error correction to recover sinusoid amplitudes and correct for frequency slewing is described. The phase errors caused by FM recorder/playback head misalignment are automatically measured and used to correct the data. Data compression methods are described and compared. The system hardware is described. Applications using the data base are introduced, including software for power spectral density, instantaneous time history, amplitude histogram, fatigue analysis, and rotordynamics expert system analysis.

  4. Applications of intelligent-measurement systems in controlled-fusion research

    SciTech Connect

    Owen, E.W.; Shimer, D.W.; Lindquist, W.B.; Peterson, R.L.; Wyman, R.H.

    1981-06-22

    The paper describes the control and instrumentation for the Mirror Fusion Test Facility at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, California, USA. This large-scale scientific experiment in controlled thermonuclear fusion, which is currently being expanded, originally had 3000 devices to control and 7000 sensors to monitor. A hierarchical computer control system, is used with nine minicomputers forming the supervisory system. There are approximately 55 local control and instrumentation microcomputers. In addition, each device has its own monitoring equipment, which in some cases consists of a small computer. After describing the overall system a more detailed account is given of the control and instrumentation for two large superconducting magnets.

  5. A real time programmable data compression system for video data.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kutz, R. L.; Davisson, L. D.

    1971-01-01

    Description of the implementation of a data compression system for the real-time operational transmission (through microwave links) of ATS satellite pictures between the command and data acquisition station and a central location for computer processing. The system features the use of general-purpose minicomputers for encoding and decoding; this makes it possible to vary the employed data compression technique and to make simultaneous statistical calculations on the data. Data compression and expansion is accomplished in a manner that does not lower data quality.

  6. Effects of misalignment on mechanical behavior of metals in creep

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, H. C.

    1981-01-01

    Creep tests were conducted by means of a closed loop servocontrolled materials test system. The strain history prior to creep is carefully monitored. Tests were performed for aluminum alloy 6061-O at 150 C and were monitored by a PDP 11/04 minicomputer at a preset constant plastic strain rate prehistory. The results show that the plastic strain rate prior to creep plays a significant role in creep behavior. The endochronic theory of viscoplasticity was applied to describe the observed creep curves. Intrinsic time and strain rate sensitivity function concepts are employed and modified according to the present observation.

  7. User's operating procedures. Volume 3: Projects directorate information programs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haris, C. G.; Harris, D. K.

    1985-01-01

    A review of the user's operating procedures for the scout project automatic data system, called SPADS is presented. SPADS is the results of the past seven years of software development on a prime mini-computer. SPADS was developed as a single entry, multiple cross-reference data management and information retrieval system for the automation of Project office tasks, including engineering, financial, managerial, and clerical support. This volume, three of three, provides the instructions to operate the projects directorate information programs in data retrieval and file maintenance via the user friendly menu drivers.

  8. User's operating procedures. Volume 1: Scout project information programs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harris, C. G.; Harris, D. K.

    1985-01-01

    A review of the user's operating procedures for the Scout Project Automatic Data System, called SPADS is given. SPADS is the result of the past seven years of software development on a Prime minicomputer located at the Scout Project Office. SPADS was developed as a single entry, multiple cross reference data management and information retrieval system for the automation of Project office tasks, including engineering, financial, managerial, and clerical support. The instructions to operate the Scout Project Information programs in data retrieval and file maintenance via the user friendly menu drivers is presented.

  9. Conveyor system moves material continuously

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-12-01

    German technology and equipment is used in mining operations worldwide. A PHB Wesserhutte system is being used with face shovel, mobile crusher, crawler-mounted transfer conveyor, and shiftable conveyor which results in crushing and transporting the minerals to the processing plant in a continuous flow path. The entire process is controlled by a programmable logic controller (a mini-computer) and all systems are sequentially interlocked according to the material flow path. Working methods using the mobile crusher and conveying systems are illustrated.

  10. Operator Station Design System - A computer aided design approach to work station layout

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lewis, J. L.

    1979-01-01

    The Operator Station Design System is resident in NASA's Johnson Space Center Spacecraft Design Division Performance Laboratory. It includes stand-alone minicomputer hardware and Panel Layout Automated Interactive Design and Crew Station Assessment of Reach software. The data base consists of the Shuttle Transportation System Orbiter Crew Compartment (in part), the Orbiter payload bay and remote manipulator (in part), and various anthropometric populations. The system is utilized to provide panel layouts, assess reach and vision, determine interference and fit problems early in the design phase, study design applications as a function of anthropometric and mission requirements, and to accomplish conceptual design to support advanced study efforts.

  11. UNIX-based data management system for the Mobile Satellite Propagation Experiment (PiFEx)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kantak, Anil V.

    1987-01-01

    A new method is presented for handling data resulting from Mobile Satellite propagation experiments such as the Pilot Field Experiment (PiFEx) conducted by JPL. This method uses the UNIX operating system and C programming language. The data management system is implemented on a VAX minicomputer. The system automatically divides the large data file housing data from various experiments under a predetermined format into various individual files containing data from each experiment. The system also has a number of programs written in C and FORTRAN languages to allow the researcher to obtain meaningful quantities from the data at hand.

  12. Clinical application of a light-pen computer system for quantitative angiography

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alderman, E. L.

    1975-01-01

    The paper describes an angiographic analysis system which uses a video disk for recording and playback, a light-pen for data input, minicomputer processing, and an electrostatic printer/plotter for hardcopy output. The method is applied to quantitative analysis of ventricular volumes, sequential ventriculography for assessment of physiologic and pharmacologic interventions, analysis of instantaneous time sequence of ventricular systolic and diastolic events, and quantitation of segmental abnormalities. The system is shown to provide the capability for computation of ventricular volumes and other measurements from operator-defined margins by greatly reducing the tedium and errors associated with manual planimetry.

  13. Development and Implementation of Kumamoto Technopolis Regional Database T-KIND

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Onoue, Noriaki

    T-KIND (Techno-Kumamoto Information Network for Data-Base) is a system for effectively searching information of technology, human resources and industries which are necessary to realize Kumamoto Technopolis. It is composed of coded database, image database and LAN inside technoresearch park which is the center of R & D in the Technopolis. It constructs on-line system by networking general-purposed computers, minicomputers, optical disk file systems and so on, and provides the service through public telephone line. Two databases are now available on enterprise information and human resource information. The former covers about 4,000 enterprises, and the latter does about 2,000 persons.

  14. Computerized nuclear material system at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect

    Tischhauser, J.L.

    1980-01-01

    SNLA developed and implemented a nuclear material control and accountability system on an HP 3000 minicomputer. The Sandia Nuclear Materials Computer System (SNMCS) which became operative in January 1980 provides: control of shipments and receivals of nuclear material, control of internal transfers of nuclear material, automated inventory with a bar code system, control of inventory adjustments, automated reporting/transmitting to other contractors and operations offices, automated ledgers and journals for material weights and costs, and interface to the Albuquerque Operations Office (ALO) Automated 741 System.

  15. MORPH-I (Ver 1.0) a software package for the analysis of scanning electron micrograph (binary formatted) images for the assessment of the fractal dimension of enclosed pore surfaces

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mossotti, Victor G.; Eldeeb, A. Raouf; Oscarson, Robert

    1998-01-01

    MORPH-I is a set of C-language computer programs for the IBM PC and compatible minicomputers. The programs in MORPH-I are used for the fractal analysis of scanning electron microscope and electron microprobe images of pore profiles exposed in cross-section. The program isolates and traces the cross-sectional profiles of exposed pores and computes the Richardson fractal dimension for each pore. Other programs in the set provide for image calibration, display, and statistical analysis of the computed dimensions for highly complex porous materials. Requirements: IBM PC or compatible; minimum 640 K RAM; mathcoprocessor; SVGA graphics board providing mode 103 display.

  16. Data base management study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    Data base management techniques and applicable equipment are described. Recommendations which will assist potential NASA data users in selecting and using appropriate data base management tools and techniques are presented. Classes of currently available data processing equipment ranging from basic terminals to large minicomputer systems were surveyed as they apply to the needs of potential SEASAT data users. Cost and capabilities projections for this equipment through 1985 were presented. A test of a typical data base management system was described, as well as the results of this test and recommendations to assist potential users in determining when such a system is appropriate for their needs. The representative system tested was UNIVAC's DMS 1100.

  17. Technology innovation and management in the US Bureau of the Census: Discussion and recommendations

    SciTech Connect

    Tonn, B.; Edwards, R.; Goeltz, R.; Hake, K.

    1990-09-01

    This report contains a set of recommendations prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the US Bureau of the Census pertaining to technology innovation and management. Technology has the potential to benefit the Bureau's data collection, capture, processing, and analysis activities. The entire Bureau was represented from Decennial Census to Economic Programs and various levels of Bureau management and numerous experts in technology. Throughout the Bureau, workstations, minicomputers, and microcomputers have found their place along side the Bureau's mainframes. The Bureau's new computer file structure called the Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing data base (TIGER) represents a major innovation in geographic information systems and impressive progress has been made with Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI). Other innovations, such as SPRING, which aims to provide Bureau demographic analysts with the capability of interactive data analysis on minicomputers, are in the initial stages of development. Recommendations fall into five independent, but mutually beneficial categories. (1) The ADP Steering Committee be disbanded and replaced with The Technology Forum. (2) Establishment of a Technology Review Committee (TRC), to be composed of technology experts from outside the Bureau. (3) Designate technological gurus. These individuals will be the Bureau's experts in new and innovative technologies. (4) Adopt a technology innovation process. (5) Establish an Advanced Technology Studies Staff (ATSS) to promote technology transfer, obtain funding for technological innovation, manage innovation projects unable to find a home in other divisions, evaluate innovations that cut across Bureau organizational boundaries, and provide input into Bureau technology analyses. (JF)

  18. Refractive index and absorption detector for liquid chromatography based on Fabry-Perot interferometry

    DOEpatents

    Yeung, Edward S.; Woodruff, Steven D.

    1984-06-19

    A refractive index and absorption detector for liquid chromatography. It is based in part on a Fabry-Perot interferometer and is used for the improved detection of refractive index and absorption. It includes a Fabry-Perot interferometer having a normally fixed first partially reflecting mirror and a movable second partially reflecting mirror. A chromatographic flow-cell is positioned between the mirrors along the optical axis of a monochromatic laser beam passing through the interferometer. A means for deriving information about the interference fringes coming out of the interferometer is used with a mini-computer to compute the refractive index of the specimen injected into the flow cell. The minicomputer continuously scans the interferometer for continuous refractive index readings and outputs the continuous results of the scans on a chart recorder. The absorption of the specimen can concurrently be scanned by including a second optical path for an excitation laser which will not interfere with the first laser, but will affect the specimen so that absorption properties can be detected. By first scanning for the refractive index of the specimen, and then immediately adding the excitation laser and subsequently scanning for the refractive index again, the absorption of the specimen can be computed and recorded.

  19. Refractive index and absorption detector for liquid chromatography based on Fabry-Perot interferometry

    DOEpatents

    Yeung, E.S.; Woodruff, S.D.

    1984-06-19

    A refractive index and absorption detector are disclosed for liquid chromatography. It is based in part on a Fabry-Perot interferometer and is used for the improved detection of refractive index and absorption. It includes a Fabry-Perot interferometer having a normally fixed first partially reflecting mirror and a movable second partially reflecting mirror. A chromatographic flow-cell is positioned between the mirrors along the optical axis of a monochromatic laser beam passing through the interferometer. A means for deriving information about the interference fringes coming out of the interferometer is used with a mini-computer to compute the refractive index of the specimen injected into the flow cell. The minicomputer continuously scans the interferometer for continuous refractive index readings and outputs the continuous results of the scans on a chart recorder. The absorption of the specimen can concurrently be scanned by including a second optical path for an excitation laser which will not interfere with the first laser, but will affect the specimen so that absorption properties can be detected. By first scanning for the refractive index of the specimen, and then immediately adding the excitation laser and subsequently scanning for the refractive index again, the absorption of the specimen can be computed and recorded. 10 figs.

  20. PC and mainframe computer-graphics techniques applied to volumetric evaluation of a mature oil field

    SciTech Connect

    Newell, K.D.; Schoeling, L.G.; Wong, J.C. )

    1990-11-01

    Mapping and volumetric analysis of large reservoirs are important steps in evaluating mature oil fields for secondary and tertiary development. This paper describes how a research group mapped and conducted an extensive volumetric analysis on the Zenith pool, a large, mature oil field in central Kansas, with a Data General MV20000 minicomputer with Surface III mapping software and a PC with Surfer and spreadsheet software. A step-by-step procedure was developed to generate structure, isopach, and porosity maps for the five main reservoirs in the field. Lotus 123{sup TM} spreadsheets were developed to compile locations, formation tops, and other critical data for more than 500 wells. These data were sent to the minicomputer to generate contour maps depicting structure, isopachs, and porosities with output directed to an electrostatic color plotter. Grid-to-grid manipulation and cross multiplication of these contour maps allowed construction of a porosity-foot map for each reservoir. The final contour maps incorporated the effects of oil/water contact (OWC) with a porosity cutoff determined from porosity/permeability crossplots. Integration of the porosity-foot maps facilitated volumetric and spatial comparison with historic production data.

  1. BIRP - A way to search through image engineering data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bolef, L. K.; Guinness, E. A.; Arvidson, R. E.

    1982-01-01

    Several hundred thousand images have been returned by planetary missions and by earth-orbiting satellites. Locating specific images for study based on engineering data can be cumbersome and time consuming if done manually. BIRP, a FORTRAN program for small computers, is designed to quickly search through catalogs of image engineering data. A description of the desired images is entered and the BIRP program finds the images meeting the requirements. A videodisk player or microfiche reader may be controlled by BIRP so that images can be viewed immediately after a search. A search through 50,000 images on a single parameter takes less than 1 min on a minicomputer. Data for each parameter is stored in a separate file so that the number of files and thus the storage space required may be varied to fit computers with different storage capacities. Most modern minicomputers with FORTRAN compilers and an 8-bit byte variable type may use BIRP with minor modifications to the program.

  2. Distributed information system (water fact sheet)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Harbaugh, A.W.

    1986-01-01

    During 1982-85, the Water Resources Division (WRD) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) installed over 70 large minicomputers in offices across the country to support its mission in the science of hydrology. These computers are connected by a communications network that allows information to be shared among computers in each office. The computers and network together are known as the Distributed Information System (DIS). The computers are accessed through the use of more than 1500 terminals and minicomputers. The WRD has three fundamentally different needs for computing: data management; hydrologic analysis; and administration. Data management accounts for 50% of the computational workload of WRD because hydrologic data are collected in all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and the Pacific trust territories. Hydrologic analysis consists of 40% of the computational workload of WRD. Cost accounting, payroll, personnel records, and planning for WRD programs occupies an estimated 10% of the computer workload. The DIS communications network is shown on a map. (Lantz-PTT)

  3. Digital system for structural dynamics simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krauter, A. I.; Lagace, L. J.; Wojnar, M. K.; Glor, C.

    1982-01-01

    State-of-the-art digital hardware and software for the simulation of complex structural dynamic interactions, such as those which occur in rotating structures (engine systems). System were incorporated in a designed to use an array of processors in which the computation for each physical subelement or functional subsystem would be assigned to a single specific processor in the simulator. These node processors are microprogrammed bit-slice microcomputers which function autonomously and can communicate with each other and a central control minicomputer over parallel digital lines. Inter-processor nearest neighbor communications busses pass the constants which represent physical constraints and boundary conditions. The node processors are connected to the six nearest neighbor node processors to simulate the actual physical interface of real substructures. Computer generated finite element mesh and force models can be developed with the aid of the central control minicomputer. The control computer also oversees the animation of a graphics display system, disk-based mass storage along with the individual processing elements.

  4. New developments of the GANIL control system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lecorche, E.; Ganil Control Group

    1986-06-01

    Since its first ion beam, the GANIL accelerator has been driven by a Control System built around a minicomputer MITRA 125 and a distributed intelligence consisting of Programmable Controllers and INTEL 8080-equipped autonomous CAMAC Controllers. CAMAC is the digital transmission standard adopted to interface the processors to the GANIL facilities. In order to cope with the growing needs of the accelerator operation, many developments of the Control System have been carried out during the last years or are underway. After a brief description of the GANIL Control System, this paper describes the major improvements undertaken in four main directions: a) Upgrading the Control Computer. The minicomputer MITRA 125 will be replaced by a faster one equipped with much larger memories and disk capabilities. b) Introducing more powerful local intelligence. An autonomous CAMAC Controller called DIVA 68C using the 68 000 microprocessor has been developed. Also, the 68 000 will be used in a general purpose CAMAC module, the first application of which is to replace the existing data link modules. c) Improving the human-machine interface with the use of color graphic terminals. d) Meeting the requirements for the coming second injector. For this purpose, a fully equipped auxiliary console is being installed near the main console for operation by summer 1985.

  5. A multiprocessor airborne lidar data system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wright, C. W.; Bailey, S. A.; Heath, G. E.; Piazza, C. R.

    A new multiprocessor data acquisition system was developed for the existing Airborne Oceanographic Lidar (AOL). This implementation simultaneously utilizes five single board 68010 microcomputers, the UNIX system V operating system, and the real time executive VRTX. The original data acquisition system was implemented on a Hewlett Packard HP 21-MX 16 bit minicomputer using a multi-tasking real time operating system and a mixture of assembly and FORTRAN languages. The present collection of data sources produce data at widely varied rates and require varied amounts of burdensome real time processing and formatting. It was decided to replace the aging HP 21-MX minicomputer with a multiprocessor system. A new and flexible recording format was devised and implemented to accommodate the constantly changing sensor configuration. A central feature of this data system is the minimization of non-remote sensing bus traffic. Therefore, it is highly desirable that each micro be capable of functioning as much as possible on-card or via private peripherals. The bus is used primarily for the transfer of remote sensing data to or from the buffer queue.

  6. A multiprocessor airborne lidar data system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wright, C. W.; Bailey, S. A.; Heath, G. E.; Piazza, C. R.

    1988-01-01

    A new multiprocessor data acquisition system was developed for the existing Airborne Oceanographic Lidar (AOL). This implementation simultaneously utilizes five single board 68010 microcomputers, the UNIX system V operating system, and the real time executive VRTX. The original data acquisition system was implemented on a Hewlett Packard HP 21-MX 16 bit minicomputer using a multi-tasking real time operating system and a mixture of assembly and FORTRAN languages. The present collection of data sources produce data at widely varied rates and require varied amounts of burdensome real time processing and formatting. It was decided to replace the aging HP 21-MX minicomputer with a multiprocessor system. A new and flexible recording format was devised and implemented to accommodate the constantly changing sensor configuration. A central feature of this data system is the minimization of non-remote sensing bus traffic. Therefore, it is highly desirable that each micro be capable of functioning as much as possible on-card or via private peripherals. The bus is used primarily for the transfer of remote sensing data to or from the buffer queue.

  7. VLSI research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brodersen, R. W.

    1984-04-01

    A scaled version of the RISC II chip has been fabricated and tested and these new chips have a cycle time that would outperform a VAX 11/780 by about a factor of two on compiled integer C programs. The architectural work on a RISC chip designed for a Smalltalk implementation has been completed. This chip, called SOAR (Smalltalk On a RISC), should run program s4-15 times faster than the Xerox 1100 (Dolphin), a TTL minicomputer, and about as fast as the Xerox 1132 (Dorado), a $100,000 ECL minicomputer. The 1983 VLSI tools tape has been converted for use under the latest UNIX release (4.2). The Magic (formerly called Caddy) layout system will be a unified set of highly automated tools that cover all aspects of the layout process, including stretching, compaction, tiling and routing. A multiple window package and design rule checker for this system have just been completed and compaction and stretching are partially implemented. New slope-based timing models for the Crystal timing analyzer are now fully implemented and in regular use. In an accuracy test using a dozen critical paths from the RISC II processor and cache chips it was found that Crystal's estimates were within 5-10% of SPICE's estimates, while being a factor of 10,000 times faster.

  8. Quality control in a deterministic manufacturing environment

    SciTech Connect

    Barkman, W.E.; Babelay, E.F.; De Mint, P.D.; Lewis, J.C.; Woodard, L.M.

    1985-01-24

    An approach for establishing quality control in processes which exhibit undesired continual or intermittent excursions in key process parameters is discussed. The method is called deterministic manufacturing, and it is designed to employ automatic monitoring of the key process variables for process certification, but utilizes only sample certification of the process output to verify the validity of the measurement process. The system utilizes a local minicomputer to sample the appropriate process parameters that describe the condition of the machine tool, the cutting process, and the computer numerical control system. Sampled data are pre-processed by the minicomputer and then sent to a host computer that maintains a permanent data base describing the manufacturing conditions for each work piece. Parts are accepted if the various parameters remain within the required limits during the machining cycle. The need for additional actions is flagged if limits are exceeded. With this system it is possible to retrospectively examine the process status just prior to the occurrence of a problem. (LEW)

  9. The computer-based control system of the NAC accelerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burdzik, G. F.; Bouckaert, R. F. A.; Cloete, I.; Dutoit, J. S.; Kohler, I. H.; Truter, J. N. J.; Visser, K.; Wikner, V. C. S. J.

    The National Accelerator Center (NAC) of the CSIR is building a two-stage accelerator which will provide charged-particle beams for use in medical and research applications. The control system for this accelerator is based on three mini-computers and a CAMAC interfacing network. Closed-loop control is being relegated to the various subsystems of the accelerators, and the computers and CAMAC network will be used in the first instance for data transfer, monitoring and servicing of the control consoles. The processing power of the computers will be utilized for automating start-up and beam-change procedures, for providing flexible and convenient information at the control consoles, for fault diagnosis and for beam-optimizing procedures. Tasks of a localized or dedicated nature are being off-loaded onto microcomputers, which are being used either in front-end devices or as slaves to the mini-computers. On the control consoles only a few instruments for setting and monitoring variables are being provided, but these instruments are universally-linkable to any appropriate machine variable.

  10. Computer network that assists in the planning, execution and evaluation of in-reactor experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Bauer, T.H.; Froehle, P.H.; August, C.; Baldwin, R.D.; Johanson, E.W.; Kraimer, M.R.; Simms, R.; Klickman, A.E.

    1985-01-01

    For over 20 years complex, in-reactor experiments have been performed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) to investigate the performance of nuclear reactor fuel and to support the development of large computer codes that address questions of reactor safety in full-scale plants. Not only are computer codes an important end-product of the research, but computer analysis is also involved intimately at most stages of experiment planning, data reduction, and evaluation. For instance, many experiments are of sufficiently long duration or, if they are of brief duration, occur in such a purposeful sequence that need for speedy availability of on-line data is paramount. This is made possible most efficiently by computer assisted displays and evaluation. A purposeful linking of main-frame, mini, and micro computers has been effected over the past eight years which greatly enhances the speed with which experimental data are reduced to useful forms and applied to the relevant technological issues. This greater efficiency in data management led also to improvements in the planning and execution of subsequent experiments. Raw data from experiments performed at INEL is stored directly on disk and tape with the aid of minicomputers. Either during or shortly after an experiment, data may be transferred, via a direct link, to the Illinois offices of ANL where the data base is stored on a minicomputer system. This Idaho-to-Illinois link has both enhanced experiment performance and allowed rapid dissemination of results.

  11. Coordination and establishment of centralized facilities and services for the University of Alaska ERTS survey of the Alaskan environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Belon, A. E. (principal investigator)

    1972-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. Specifications have been prepared for the engineering design and construction of a digital color display unit which will be used for automatic processing of ERTS data. The color display unit is a disk refresh memory with computer interfaced input and a color cathode ray tube output display. The system features both analog and digital post disk data manipulation and a versatile color coding device suitable for displaying not only images, but also computer generated graphics such as diagrams, maps, and overlays. Input is from IBM compatible 9 track, 800 BPI tapes, as generated by an IBM 360 computer. ERTS digital tapes are read into the 360, where various analyses such as maximum likelihood classification are performed and the results are written on a magnetic tape which is the input to the color display unit. The greatest versatility in the data manipulation area is provided by the minicomputer built into the color display unit, which is off-line from the main 360 computer. The minicomputer is able to read any line from the refresh disk and place it in its 4K-16 bit memory. Considerable flexibility is available for post-processing enhancement of images by the investigator.

  12. Oxygen analyzer

    DOEpatents

    Benner, W.H.

    1984-05-08

    An oxygen analyzer which identifies and classifies microgram quantities of oxygen in ambient particulate matter and for quantitating organic oxygen in solvent extracts of ambient particulate matter. A sample is pyrolyzed in oxygen-free nitrogen gas (N/sub 2/), and the resulting oxygen quantitatively converted to carbon monoxide (CO) by contact with hot granular carbon (C). Two analysis modes are made possible: (1) rapid determination of total pyrolyzable obtained by decomposing the sample at 1135/sup 0/C, or (2) temperature-programmed oxygen thermal analysis obtained by heating the sample from room temperature to 1135/sup 0/C as a function of time. The analyzer basically comprises a pyrolysis tube containing a bed of granular carbon under N/sub 2/, ovens used to heat the carbon and/or decompose the sample, and a non-dispersive infrared CO detector coupled to a mini-computer to quantitate oxygen in the decomposition products and control oven heating.

  13. Oxygen analyzer

    DOEpatents

    Benner, William H.

    1986-01-01

    An oxygen analyzer which identifies and classifies microgram quantities of oxygen in ambient particulate matter and for quantitating organic oxygen in solvent extracts of ambient particulate matter. A sample is pyrolyzed in oxygen-free nitrogen gas (N.sub.2), and the resulting oxygen quantitatively converted to carbon monoxide (CO) by contact with hot granular carbon (C). Two analysis modes are made possible: (1) rapid determination of total pyrolyzable oxygen obtained by decomposing the sample at 1135.degree. C., or (2) temperature-programmed oxygen thermal analysis obtained by heating the sample from room temperature to 1135.degree. C. as a function of time. The analyzer basically comprises a pyrolysis tube containing a bed of granular carbon under N.sub.2, ovens used to heat the carbon and/or decompose the sample, and a non-dispersive infrared CO detector coupled to a mini-computer to quantitate oxygen in the decomposition products and control oven heating.

  14. Oxygen analyzer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benner, W. H.

    1984-05-01

    An oxygen analyzer is described which identifies and classifies microgram quantities of oxygen in ambient particulate matter and for quantitating organic oxygen in solvent extracts of ambient particulate matter. A sample is pyrolyzed in oxygen-free nitrogen gas (N2), and the resulting oxygen quantitatively converted to carbon monoxide (CO) by contact with hot granular carbon (C). Two analysis modes are made possible: (1) rapid determination of total pyrolyzable obtained by decomposing the sample at 1135 C, or (2) temperature-programmed oxygen thermal analysis obtained by heating the sample from room temperature to 1135 C as a function of time. The analyzer basically comprises a pyrolysis tube containing a bed of granular carbon under N2, ovens used to heat the carbon and/or decompose the sample, and a non-dispersive infrared CO detector coupled to a mini-computer to quantitate oxygen in the decomposition products and control oven heating.

  15. The GEMPAK Barnes interactive objective map analysis scheme. [General Meteorological Software Package

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koch, S. E.; Kocin, P. J.; Desjardins, M.

    1983-01-01

    The analysis scheme and meteorological applications of the GEMPAK data analysis and display software system developed by NASA are described. The program was devised to permit objective, versatile, and practical analysis of satellite meteorological data using a minicomputer and a display system with graphics capability. A data area can be selected within the data file for the globe, and data-sparse regions can be avoided. Distances between observations and the nearest observation points are calculated in order to avoid errors when determining synoptic weather conditions. The Barnes (1973) successive correction method is employed to restore the amplitude of small yet resolvable wavelengths suppressed in an initial filtering pass. The rms deviation is then calculated in relation to available measured data. Examples are provided of treatment of VISSR data from the GOES satellite and a study of the impact of incorrect cloud height data on synoptic weather field analysis.

  16. Correction factors for on-line microprobe analysis of multielement alloy systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Unnam, J.; Tenney, D. R.; Brewer, W. D.

    1977-01-01

    An on-line correction technique was developed for the conversion of electron probe X-ray intensities into concentrations of emitting elements. This technique consisted of off-line calculation and representation of binary interaction data which were read into an on-line minicomputer to calculate variable correction coefficients. These coefficients were used to correct the X-ray data without significantly increasing computer core requirements. The binary interaction data were obtained by running Colby's MAGIC 4 program in the reverse mode. The data for each binary interaction were represented by polynomial coefficients obtained by least-squares fitting a third-order polynomial. Polynomial coefficients were generated for most of the common binary interactions at different accelerating potentials and are included. Results are presented for the analyses of several alloy standards to demonstrate the applicability of this correction procedure.

  17. Acoustic monitoring of power plant valves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allen, J. W.; Hartman, W. F.; Robinson, J. C.

    1982-06-01

    Advanced surveillance diagnostics were applied to key nuclear power plant valves to improve the availability of the power plant. Two types of valves were monitored: boiling water reactor (BWR) three-stage, pilot-operated safety/relief valves and pressurized water reactor (PWR) feedwater control valves. Excessive leakage across the pilot-disc seat in BWR safety/relief valves can cause the second-stage pressure to reach the critical value that activates the valve, even though the set pressure was not exceeded. Acoustic emission created by the leak noise were monitored and calibrated to indicate incipient activation of the safety/relief valve. Hydrodynamic, vibration, control and process signals frm PWR feedwater control valves were monitored by a mini-computer based surveillance system.

  18. Outline of SCM data processing system onboard ETS-5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matsuda, Sumio; Tamura, Takashi; Uesugi, Masato

    1992-08-01

    An overview of the operation of the Solar Cell Monitor (SCM) is presented. In minicomputer, SCM data are extracted from the telemetry data, data distribution at 17:00 (Japan Standard Time) plus or minus 15 minutes when the SCM entrance surface directly faces to the sun were obtained, SCM data sent in hexadecimal number system were engineeringly converted to analog values, and the results are recorded in each solar cell file. The data processed by mini computer are sent to personal computer through in site telephone circuit, and the data undergo the following three compensations: (1) for solar ray intensity variation due to the elliptic earth revolution orbit; (2) for the seasonal variation of angles between SCM entrance surface and the sun caused by the inclination of the earth's axis; and (3) for seasonal SCM temperature variation.

  19. AOIPS data base management systems support for GARP data sets

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gary, J. P.

    1977-01-01

    A data base management system is identified, developed to provide flexible access to data sets produced by GARP during its data systems tests. The content and coverage of the data base are defined and a computer-aided, interactive information storage and retrieval system, implemented to facilitate access to user specified data subsets, is described. The computer programs developed to provide the capability were implemented on the highly interactive, minicomputer-based AOIPS and are referred to as the data retrieval system (DRS). Implemented as a user interactive but menu guided system, the DRS permits users to inventory the data tape library and create duplicate or subset data sets based on a user selected window defined by time and latitude/longitude boundaries. The DRS permits users to select, display, or produce formatted hard copy of individual data items contained within the data records.

  20. Computer Support for Muscular Subaortic Stenosis Research

    PubMed Central

    McAlister, Neil Harding; Covvey, H. Dominic; Pollick, Charles; Sheppard, Anne M.; Wigle, E. Douglas

    1978-01-01

    Data collection and data management are time-consuming aspects of clinical research, often occupying much of the time that a physician spends in doing clinical investigation. For retrospective studies, backlogging data from old charts is a tedious process subject to errors. Even in prospective studies it can be difficult to maintain rigid adherence to data collection protocols. This paper describes data management procedures designed to overcome these problems in a large clinical research project on muscular subaortic stenosis. Data collection forms have been designed. A data-independent database management system on a minicomputer is being used to support the database. Information can be accessed as required using a query language and report generator.

  1. Scheduler software for tracking and data relay satellite system loading analysis: User manual and programmer guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Craft, R.; Dunn, C.; Mccord, J.; Simeone, L.

    1980-01-01

    A user guide and programmer documentation is provided for a system of PRIME 400 minicomputer programs. The system was designed to support loading analyses on the Tracking Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS). The system is a scheduler for various types of data relays (including tape recorder dumps and real time relays) from orbiting payloads to the TDRSS. Several model options are available to statistically generate data relay requirements. TDRSS time lines (representing resources available for scheduling) and payload/TDRSS acquisition and loss of sight time lines are input to the scheduler from disk. Tabulated output from the interactive system includes a summary of the scheduler activities over time intervals specified by the user and overall summary of scheduler input and output information. A history file, which records every event generated by the scheduler, is written to disk to allow further scheduling on remaining resources and to provide data for graphic displays or additional statistical analysis.

  2. AutoCAD application upgrades power system analysis programs

    SciTech Connect

    Schlabbach, J. )

    1991-04-01

    AutoCAD is a widely applied program for computer-aided design and supports a number of engineering disciplines. Installation on a personal computer is as simple as on mainframes, giving engineers powerful tools at reasonable prices. In the field of electric power engineering (in particular, power system analysis), several program packages with graphics are available. In the application describes in this article, Lahmeyer International (LI) has a complete package of power system analysis programs. These programs are widely in use in German utilities. They were developed some years ago for use on mainframes and minicomputers. This article describes a simple method to upgrade those programs with graphics by the application of the described firmware. The method was then included in the development of other programs, such as for the permissible loading of overhead lines and underground cables. A variety of other applications are available.

  3. Dual waveband infrared scanning radiometer for use with rocket motor plumes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ridout, J. M.; Webb, B. C.

    1980-01-01

    AGA System 680 (2-5 microns) and 680 LW (8-13 microns) thermovision cameras have been interfaced to a high speed ADC and pulse code modulation recording system. The data acquisition system continuously collects the digitized output from both AGA linescan cameras, each at 209 Kwords/s, with a dynamic range of 60 dB for periods up to 15 minutes (tape reel size limited). The data is subsequently recovered from tape under minicomputer control at low replay speeds, converted into a frame sized block format, and dumped onto digital magnetic tape for further computer analysis. A range of peripheral devices, including a color graphics system, provide facilities for off-line data processing, frame storage and display. Quantitative field of view measurements have been made using high intensity quartz halogen bulbs and the instruments have been radiometrically calibrated against reference black bodies in wave bands defined by interference filters.

  4. Diagnostic control, data acquisition and data processing at MFTF-B (Mirror Fusion Test Facility)

    SciTech Connect

    Preckshot, G.G.

    1986-01-01

    Diagnostic instruments at the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) are operated by a distributed computer system which provides an integrated control, data acquisition and data processing interface. Instrument control settings, operator inputs and lists of data to be acquired are combined with data acquired by instrument data recorders, to be used downstream by data processing codes; data processing programs are automatically informed of operator control and setpoint actions without operator intervention. The combined diagnostic control and results presentation interface is presented to experimentalist users by a network of high-resolution graphics workstations. Control coordination, data processing and database management are handled by a shared-memory network of 32-bit super minicomputers. Direct instrument control, data acquisition, data packaging and instrument status monitoring are performed by a network of dedicated local control microcomputers.

  5. The Lockheed alternate partial polarizer universal filter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Title, A. M.

    1976-01-01

    A tunable birefringent filter using an alternate partial polarizer design has been built. The filter has a transmission of 38% in polarized light. Its full width at half maximum is .09A at 5500A. It is tunable from 4500 to 8500A by means of stepping motor actuated rotating half wave plates and polarizers. Wave length commands and thermal compensation commands are generated by a PPD 11/10 minicomputer. The alternate partial polarizer universal filter is compared with the universal birefringent filter and the design techniques, construction methods, and filter performance are discussed in some detail. Based on the experience of this filter some conclusions regarding the future of birefringent filters are elaborated.

  6. Development and implementation of a low cost micro computer system for LANDSAT analysis and geographic data base applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Faust, N.; Jordon, L.

    1981-01-01

    Since the implementation of the GRID and IMGRID computer programs for multivariate spatial analysis in the early 1970's, geographic data analysis subsequently moved from large computers to minicomputers and now to microcomputers with radical reduction in the costs associated with planning analyses. Programs designed to process LANDSAT data to be used as one element in a geographic data base were used once NIMGRID (new IMGRID), a raster oriented geographic information system, was implemented on the microcomputer. Programs for training field selection, supervised and unsupervised classification, and image enhancement were added. Enhancements to the color graphics capabilities of the microsystem allow display of three channels of LANDSAT data in color infrared format. The basic microcomputer hardware needed to perform NIMGRID and most LANDSAT analyses is listed as well as the software available for LANDSAT processing.

  7. Data reduction programs for a laser radar system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Badavi, F. F.; Copeland, G. E.

    1984-01-01

    The listing and description of software routines which were used to analyze the analog data obtained from LIDAR - system are given. All routines are written in FORTRAN - IV on a HP - 1000/F minicomputer which serves as the heart of the data acquisition system for the LIDAR program. This particular system has 128 kilobytes of highspeed memory and is equipped with a Vector Instruction Set (VIS) firmware package, which is used in all the routines, to handle quick execution of different long loops. The system handles floating point arithmetic in hardware in order to enhance the speed of execution. This computer is a 2177 C/F series version of HP - 1000 RTE-IVB data acquisition computer system which is designed for real time data capture/analysis and disk/tape mass storage environment.

  8. Touch-sensitive colour graphics enhance monitoring of loss-of-coolant accident tests

    SciTech Connect

    Snedden, M.D.; Mead, G.L.

    1982-02-01

    A stand-alone computer-based system with an intelligent colour termimal is described for monitoring parameters during loss-of-coolant accident tests. Colour graphic displays and touch-sensitive control have been combined for effective operator interaction. Data collected by the host MODCOMP II minicomputer are dynamically updated on colour pictures generated by the terminal. Experimenters select system functions by touching simulated switches on a transparent touch-sensitive overlay, mounted directly over the face of the colour screen, eliminating the need for a keyboard. Switch labels and colours are changed on the screen by the terminal software as different functions are selected. Interaction is self-prompting and can be learned quickly. System operation for a complete set of 20 tests has demonstrated the convenience of interactive touchsensitive colour graphics.

  9. Computer systems for automatic earthquake detection

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stewart, S.W.

    1974-01-01

    U.S Geological Survey seismologists in Menlo park, California, are utilizing the speed, reliability, and efficiency of minicomputers to monitor seismograph stations and to automatically detect earthquakes. An earthquake detection computer system, believed to be the only one of its kind in operation, automatically reports about 90 percent of all local earthquakes recorded by a network of over 100 central California seismograph stations. The system also monitors the stations for signs of malfunction or abnormal operation. Before the automatic system was put in operation, all of the earthquakes recorded had to be detected by manually searching the records, a time-consuming process. With the automatic detection system, the stations are efficiently monitored continuously. 

  10. The microcomputer workstation - An alternate hardware architecture for remotely sensed image analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Erickson, W. K.; Hofman, L. B.; Donovan, W. E.

    1984-01-01

    Difficulties regarding the digital image analysis of remotely sensed imagery can arise in connection with the extensive calculations required. In the past, an expensive large to medium mainframe computer system was needed for performing these calculations. For image-processing applications smaller minicomputer-based systems are now used by many organizations. The costs for such systems are still in the range from $100K to $300K. Recently, as a result of new developments, the use of low-cost microcomputers for image processing and display systems appeared to have become feasible. These developments are related to the advent of the 16-bit microprocessor and the concept of the microcomputer workstation. Earlier 8-bit microcomputer-based image processing systems are briefly examined, and a computer workstation architecture is discussed. Attention is given to a microcomputer workstation developed by Stanford University, and the design and implementation of a workstation network.

  11. Networking and AI systems: Requirements and benefits

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    The price performance benefits of network systems is well documented. The ability to share expensive resources sold timesharing for mainframes, department clusters of minicomputers, and now local area networks of workstations and servers. In the process, other fundamental system requirements emerged. These have now been generalized with open system requirements for hardware, software, applications and tools. The ability to interconnect a variety of vendor products has led to a specification of interfaces that allow new techniques to extend existing systems for new and exciting applications. As an example of the message passing system, local area networks provide a testbed for many of the issues addressed by future concurrent architectures: synchronization, load balancing, fault tolerance and scalability. Gold Hill has been working with a number of vendors on distributed architectures that range from a network of workstations to a hypercube of microprocessors with distributed memory. Results from early applications are promising both for performance and scalability.

  12. Cost effective development of a Shuttle-based astronomical instrument control system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parise, R. A.; Blum, A.; Budney, T. J.; Stone, R. W.

    1982-01-01

    The high level language FORTH is used for the electronic control of the Space Shuttle-based Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope, in a flight computer system which minimizes costs. The greater part of the breadboard version of the flight computer is assembled from commercially available components, reducing novel circuit design features and permitting simultaneous development of both hardware and software. The commercial boards are then refabricated on aluminum core heat conducting stock, using high reliability parts to produce the flight versions of the system. The system's ground support equipment employs a MINC-25 minicomputer which performs such functions as flight computer software development, PROM programming, test and integration support, and flight operations support. The implementation of these concepts in flight computer telescope controls is described.

  13. Recognition of movement object collision

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Hsiao Tsu; Sun, Geng-tian; Zhang, Yan

    1991-03-01

    The paper explores the collision recognition of two objects in both crisscross and revolution motions A mathematical model has been established based on the continuation theory. The objects of any shape may be regarded as being built of many 3siniplexes or their convex hulls. Therefore the collision problem of two object in motion can be reduced to the collision of two corresponding 3siinplexes on two respective objects accordingly. Thus an optimized algorithm is developed for collision avoidance which is suitable for computer control and eliminating the need for vision aid. With this algorithm computation time has been reduced significantly. This algorithm is applicable to the path planning of mobile robots And also is applicable to collision avoidance of the anthropomorphic arms grasping two complicated shaped objects. The algorithm is realized using LISP language on a VAX8350 minicomputer.

  14. The experimental computer control of a two-dimensional hyperbolic system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yam, Y.; Lang, J. H.; Staelin, D. H.; Johnson, T. L.

    1985-01-01

    The experimental computer control of a two-dimensional hyperbolic system is described. The system consists of a 5-foot gold-coated rubber membrane mounted on a circular cylindrical drum. Seven electrodes reside on a command surface located behind the membrane inside the drum. These electrodes served as capacitive sensors and electrostatic force actuators of transverse membrane deflection. The membrane was modelled as flat, isotropic and uniformly tensioned. Transverse membrane deflections were expanded in normal modes. Controllers regulating membrane deflection are designed using aggregation and design procedures based upon sensor and actuator influence functions. The resulting control laws are implemented on a minicomputer in two sets of experiments. The experimental study confirms the theoretically predicted behavior of the system, usefulness of the aggregation and design procedures, and the expectation that spillover can be made a beneficial source of damping in residual systems.

  15. Spinal cord stimulators and radiotherapy: First case report and practice guidelines

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Spinal cord stimulators (SCS) are a well-recognised treatment modality in the management of a number of chronic neuropathic pain conditions, particularly failed back syndrome and radiculopathies. The implantable pulse generator (IPG) component of the SCS is designed and operates in a similar fashion to that of a cardiac pacemaker. The IPG consists of an electrical generator, lithium battery, transmitter/receiver and a minicomputer. When stimulated, it generates pulsed electrical signals which stimulate the dorsal columns of the spinal cord, thus alleviating pain. Analogous to a cardiac pacemaker, it can be potentially damaged by ionising radiation from a linear accelerator, in patients undergoing radiotherapy. Herein we report our clinical management of the first reported case of a patient requiring adjuvant breast radiotherapy who had a SCS in situ. We also provide useful practical recommendations on the management of this scenario within a radiation oncology department. PMID:22024340

  16. Visible and infrared spin scanning radiometer /VISSR/ atmospheric sounder /VAS/ ground data system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dalton, J. T.; Jamros, R. K.; Helfer, D. P.; Howell, D. R.

    1981-01-01

    The interactive system developed at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center to receive data from the infrared radiometer on GOES-4 in near real time and to perform interactive display and analysis of the 12-channel infrared imagery is described. The system is minicomputer based and uses a menu approach in guiding the analyst through spacecraft instrument programming, area and band selection, image acquisition, enhancement, analysis, and presentation of results. The system is linked by dual port disks to Goddard's Atmospheric and Oceanographic Information Processing System for comparing the sounding results with parameters derived from conventional data and from time lapse analysis of visible and IR imagery from other geostationary satellites. It is pointed out that the system hardware and software are being expanded to add capabilities for the integration and assimilation of VAS data with data from other sources, the comparison of severe storm observations from space with special ground network data, and the development of diagnostic models.

  17. TMAP4 User`s Manual

    SciTech Connect

    Longhurst, G.R.; Holland, D.F.; Jones, J.L.; Merrill, B.J.

    1992-06-12

    The Tritium Migration Analysis Program, Version 4 (TMAP4) has been developed by the Fusion Safety Program at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) as a safety analysis code, mainly to analyze tritium retention and loss in fusion reactor structures and systems during normal operation and accident conditions. TMAP4 incorporates one-dimensional thermal- and mass-diffusive transport and trapping calculations through structures and zero dimensional fluid transport between enclosures and across the interface between enclosures and structures. A key feature is the ability to input problem definition parameters as constants, interpolation tables, or FORTRAN equations. The code is specifically intended for use under a DOS operating system on PC-type mini-computers, but it has also been run successfully on workstations and mainframe computer systems. Use of the equation-input feature requires access to a FORTRAN-77 compiler and a linker program.

  18. TMAP4 User's Manual

    SciTech Connect

    Longhurst, G.R.; Holland, D.F.; Jones, J.L.; Merrill, B.J.

    1992-06-12

    The Tritium Migration Analysis Program, Version 4 (TMAP4) has been developed by the Fusion Safety Program at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) as a safety analysis code, mainly to analyze tritium retention and loss in fusion reactor structures and systems during normal operation and accident conditions. TMAP4 incorporates one-dimensional thermal- and mass-diffusive transport and trapping calculations through structures and zero dimensional fluid transport between enclosures and across the interface between enclosures and structures. A key feature is the ability to input problem definition parameters as constants, interpolation tables, or FORTRAN equations. The code is specifically intended for use under a DOS operating system on PC-type mini-computers, but it has also been run successfully on workstations and mainframe computer systems. Use of the equation-input feature requires access to a FORTRAN-77 compiler and a linker program.

  19. Lithology and aggregate quality attributes for the digital geologic map of Colorado

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Knepper, D.H.; Green, G.N.; Langer, W.H.

    1999-01-01

    This geologic map was prepared as a part of a study of digital methods and techniques as applied to complex geologic maps. The geologic map was digitized from the original scribe sheets used to prepare the published Geologic Map of Colorado (Tweto 1979). Consequently the digital version is at 1:500,000 scale using the Lambert Conformal Conic map projection parameters of the state base map. Stable base contact prints of the scribe sheets were scanned on a Tektronix 4991 digital scanner. The scanner automatically converts the scanned image to an ASCII vector format. These vectors were transferred to a VAX minicomputer, where they were then loaded into ARC/INFO. Each vector and polygon was given attributes derived from the original 1979 geologic map.

  20. Digital resolver for helicopter model blade motion analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Daniels, T. S.; Berry, J. D.; Park, S.

    1992-01-01

    The paper reports the development and initial testing of a digital resolver to replace existing analog signal processing instrumentation. Radiometers, mounted directly on one of the fully articulated blades, are electrically connected through a slip ring to analog signal processing circuitry. The measured signals are periodic with azimuth angle and are resolved into harmonic components, with 0 deg over the tail. The periodic nature of the helicopter blade motion restricts the frequency content of each flapping and yaw signal to the fundamental and harmonics of the rotor rotational frequency. A minicomputer is employed to collect these data and then plot them graphically in real time. With this and other information generated by the instrumentation, a helicopter test pilot can then adjust the helicopter model's controls to achieve the desired aerodynamic test conditions.

  1. Tritium Migration Analysis Program Version 4

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    1991-06-12

    TMAP4 was developed as a safety analysis code, mainly to analyze tritium retention and loss in fusion reactor structures and systems during normal operational and accident conditions. It incorporates one-dimensional thermal and mass-diffusive transport and trapping calculations through structures and zero dimensional fluid transport between enclosures and across the interface between enclosures and structures. Diffusion structures may be linked together with other structures, and multiple structures may interact with an enclosure. A key feature ismore » the ability to input problem definition parameters as constants, interpolation tables, or FORTRAN equations. The code is specifically intended for use under a DOS operating system on PC type minicomputers, but it has also been run successfully on workstations and mainframe computer systems. Use of the equation-input feature requires access to a FORTRAN-77 compiler, and a linker program is required.« less

  2. Implementation of a Prototype Generalized Network Technology for Hospitals *

    PubMed Central

    Tolchin, S. G.; Stewart, R. L.; Kahn, S. A.; Bergan, E. S.; Gafke, G. P.; Simborg, D. W.; Whiting-O'Keefe, Q. E.; Chadwick, M. G.; McCue, G. E.

    1981-01-01

    A demonstration implementation of a distributed data processing hospital information system using an intelligent local area communications network (LACN) technology is described. This system is operational at the UCSF Medical Center and integrates four heterogeneous, stand-alone minicomputers. The applications systems are PID/Registration, Outpatient Pharmacy, Clinical Laboratory and Radiology/Medical Records. Functional autonomy of these systems has been maintained, and no operating system changes have been required. The LACN uses a fiber-optic communications medium and provides extensive communications protocol support within the network, based on the ISO/OSI Model. The architecture is reconfigurable and expandable. This paper describes system architectural issues, the applications environment and the local area network.

  3. State-of-the-art Monte Carlo 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Soran, P.D.

    1988-06-28

    Particle transport calculations in highly dimensional and physically complex geometries, such as detector calibration, radiation shielding, space reactors, and oil-well logging, generally require Monte Carlo transport techniques. Monte Carlo particle transport can be performed on a variety of computers ranging from APOLLOs to VAXs. Some of the hardware and software developments, which now permit Monte Carlo methods to be routinely used, are reviewed in this paper. The development of inexpensive, large, fast computer memory, coupled with fast central processing units, permits Monte Carlo calculations to be performed on workstations, minicomputers, and supercomputers. The Monte Carlo renaissance is further aided by innovations in computer architecture and software development. Advances in vectorization and parallelization architecture have resulted in the development of new algorithms which have greatly reduced processing times. Finally, the renewed interest in Monte Carlo has spawned new variance reduction techniques which are being implemented in large computer codes. 45 refs.

  4. Speech as a pilot input medium

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Plummer, R. P.; Coler, C. R.

    1977-01-01

    The speech recognition system under development is a trainable pattern classifier based on a maximum-likelihood technique. An adjustable uncertainty threshold allows the rejection of borderline cases for which the probability of misclassification is high. The syntax of the command language spoken may be used as an aid to recognition, and the system adapts to changes in pronunciation if feedback from the user is available. Words must be separated by .25 second gaps. The system runs in real time on a mini-computer (PDP 11/10) and was tested on 120,000 speech samples from 10- and 100-word vocabularies. The results of these tests were 99.9% correct recognition for a vocabulary consisting of the ten digits, and 99.6% recognition for a 100-word vocabulary of flight commands, with a 5% rejection rate in each case. With no rejection, the recognition accuracies for the same vocabularies were 99.5% and 98.6% respectively.

  5. A computer system for geosynchronous satellite navigation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koch, D. W.

    1980-01-01

    A computer system specifically designed to estimate and predict Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-4) navigation parameters using Earth imagery is described. The estimates are needed for spacecraft maneuvers while prediction provide the capability for near real-time image registration. System software is composed of four functional subsystems: (1) data base management; (2) image processing; (3) navigation; and (4) output. Hardware consists of a host minicomputer, a cathode ray tube terminal, a graphics/video display unit, and associated input/output peripherals. System validity is established through the processing of actual imagery obtained by sensors on board the Synchronous Meteorological Satellite (SMS-2). Results indicate the system is capable of operationally providing both accurate GOES-4 navigation estimates and images with a potential registration accuracy of several picture elements (pixels).

  6. Large-scale automation of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory x-ray analytical facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Wallace, P.L.; Shimamoto, F.Y.; Quick, T.M.

    1980-05-29

    Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL) has undertaken an ambitious plan to automate its x-ray analytical equipment. This project ultimately will automate 15 x-ray diffraction and 3 x-ray spectrometric systems. All automation is being done by retrofitting existing equipment and combining it with minicomputers to produce smart instruments. Two types of smart instruments have been developed: one that controls an experiment and acquires data and another that analyzes data and communicates with LLL's large computer center. Three of the former type have been built and are operating; seven more will soon be put into service. Only two of the later type are needed, and both are currently in service. We describe the details of our overall plan, the smart instruments, the retrofitting, our current status, and our software.

  7. Study of cryogenic propellant systems for loading the space shuttle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Voth, R. O.; Steward, W. G.; Hall, W. J.

    1974-01-01

    Computer programs were written to model the liquid oxygen loading system for the space shuttle. The programs allow selection of input data through graphic displays which schematically depict the part of the system being modeled. The computed output is also displayed in the form of graphs and printed messages. Any one of six computation options may be selected. The first four of these pertain to thermal stresses, pressure surges, cooldown times, flow rates and pressures during cooldown. Options five and six deal with possible water hammer effects due to closing of valves, steady flow and transient response to changes in operating conditions after cooldown. Procedures are given for operation of the graphic display unit and minicomputer.

  8. A method for diagnosing surface parameters using geostationary satellite imagery and a boundary-layer model. M.S. Thesis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Polansky, A. C.

    1982-01-01

    A method for diagnosing surface parameters on a regional scale via geosynchronous satellite imagery is presented. Moisture availability, thermal inertia, atmospheric heat flux, and total evaporation are determined from three infrared images obtained from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES). Three GOES images (early morning, midafternoon, and night) are obtained from computer tape. Two temperature-difference images are then created. The boundary-layer model is run, and its output is inverted via cubic regression equations. The satellite imagery is efficiently converted into output-variable fields. All computations are executed on a PDP 11/34 minicomputer. Output fields can be produced within one hour of the availability of aligned satellite subimages of a target area.

  9. A newly developed therapeutic surgical and cardiac intensive care monitor.

    PubMed

    Reinhart, R J; Buxbaum, C L; Frank, U A

    1976-01-01

    A computerized intensive care monitor patterned after a clinical system operating at the University of Alabama has been developed. The system, which has been operating in an intensive care unit since February 1973, is equipped with conventional bedside biomedical instrumentation, special-purpose devices, and keyboard/display terminals interfaced with a minicomputer. Measurement of vital parameters as well as the automatic infusion of blood controlled by the computer in a closed loop feedback mode is available. Communication with the computer via the bedside terminals permits the display and retrieval of clinical data, entry of blood gas measurements and pressure limits for blood infusion, the revision of measurement status, and the control of the computer in measuring cardiac output. The administration of blood and intravenous fluid may be achieved under computer or manual option. PMID:958047

  10. An application of the Multi-Purpose System Simulation /MPSS/ model to the Monitor and Control Display System /MACDS/ at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration /NASA/ Goddard Space Flight Center /GSFC/

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mill, F. W.; Krebs, G. N.; Strauss, E. S.

    1976-01-01

    The Multi-Purpose System Simulator (MPSS) model was used to investigate the current and projected performance of the Monitor and Control Display System (MACDS) at the Goddard Space Flight Center in processing and displaying launch data adequately. MACDS consists of two interconnected mini-computers with associated terminal input and display output equipment and a disk-stored data base. Three configurations of MACDS were evaluated via MPSS and their performances ascertained. First, the current version of MACDS was found inadequate to handle projected launch data loads because of unacceptable data backlogging. Second, the current MACDS hardware with enhanced software was capable of handling two times the anticipated data loads. Third, an up-graded hardware ensemble combined with the enhanced software was capable of handling four times the anticipated data loads.

  11. Acquisition of quantitative physiological data and computerized image reconstruction using a single scan TV system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baily, N. A.

    1976-01-01

    A single-scan radiography system has been interfaced to a minicomputer, and the combined system has been used with a variety of fluoroscopic systems and image intensifiers available in clinical facilities. The system's response range is analyzed, and several applications are described. These include determination of the gray scale for typical X-ray-fluoroscopic-television chains, measurement of gallstone volume in patients, localization of markers or other small anatomical features, determinations of organ areas and volumes, computer reconstruction of tomographic sections of organs in motion, and computer reconstruction of transverse axial body sections from fluoroscopic images. It is concluded that this type of system combined with a minimum of statistical processing shows excellent capabilities for delineating small changes in differential X-ray attenuation.

  12. A statistical data analysis and plotting program for cloud microphysics experiments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jordan, A. J.

    1981-01-01

    The analysis software developed for atmospheric cloud microphysics experiments conducted in the laboratory as well as aboard a KC-135 aircraft is described. A group of four programs was developed and implemented on a Hewlett Packard 1000 series F minicomputer running under HP's RTE-IVB operating system. The programs control and read data from a MEMODYNE Model 3765-8BV cassette recorder, format the data on the Hewlett Packard disk subsystem, and generate statistical data (mean, variance, standard deviation) and voltage and engineering unit plots on a user selected plotting device. The programs are written in HP FORTRAN IV and HP ASSEMBLY Language with the graphics software using the HP 1000 Graphics. The supported plotting devices are the HP 2647A graphics terminal, the HP 9872B four color pen plotter, and the HP 2608A matrix line printer.

  13. Gettering of carbon dioxide by erbium thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Mehrhoff, T.K.

    1980-10-10

    The interaction of carbon dioxide and erbium thin films is characterized for temperatures in the region of 300 to 900/sup 0/C and partial pressure of carbon dioxide near 5 x 10/sup -7/ Torr. Dynamic film pumping speeds were measured against a mercury diffusion pump of known pumping speed and conductance. A quadrupole mass spectrometer was used to monitor the carbon dioxide flow which originated from a calibrated leak in the 10/sup -6/ standard cm/sup 3//s range. Data reduction was via a dedicated minicomputer with associated printer/plotter. Temperature ramp experiments with thin erbium films indicated a significant reaction above 300/sup 0/C. The reaction was preceded by the desorption of water vapor, hydrogen and nitrogen and/or carbon monoxide from the film surface.

  14. Interactive computer system to prepare borehole data for coal seam mapping

    SciTech Connect

    Hegde, S.S.

    1982-10-01

    The paper describes a method of building up a body of coal data that is accurate, precise, readily available and easy to manipulate. The system is a set of interactive computer procedures consisting of: (a) data gathering (core hole and geophysical logs) and standardised computer printouts; (b) graphic printouts of coded logs (log strips) using an on-line electrostatic plotter; (c) determination of seam continuity via relative movements of the log strips on an interactive graphic display terminal; (d) calculation of the seam parameters (mineable seam thickness, volume of in-seam dirt, ash and sulphur content of the raw or prepared product, roof and floor characteristics); (e) posting of seam parameters using an on-line drum plotter controlled by a microprocessor on-line to the mini-computer.

  15. Electron beam induced current technique using a scanning Auger microprobe

    SciTech Connect

    Rao, T.V.; Dutta, V.; Sastry, O.S.; Chopra, K.L.

    1984-07-01

    A scanning Auger microprobe (SAM) has been modified to detect and process electron beam induced currents (EBIC). The EBIC mode is incorporated as an integral part of the analytical instrument and operates in conjunction with secondary electron detection (SED) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) modes. A minicomputer scans the electron beam and acquires the EBIC data. Using the built-in software designed for Auger data analysis, the data are processed, displayed on a graphics terminal, and plotted on a graphics plotter. The technique has been applied to the study of a grain boundary region of a polycrystalline Si solar cell by extracting a noise-free signal and obtaining cell parameters such as diffusion length and surface recombination velocity in the vicinity of the grain boundary has been demonstrated.

  16. Advanced application flight experiment breadboard pulse compression radar altimeter program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    Design, development and performance of the pulse compression radar altimeter is described. The high resolution breadboard system is designed to operate from an aircraft at 10 Kft above the ocean and to accurately measure altitude, sea wave height and sea reflectivity. The minicomputer controlled Ku band system provides six basic variables and an extensive digital recording capability for experimentation purposes. Signal bandwidths of 360 MHz are obtained using a reflective array compression line. Stretch processing is used to achieve 1000:1 pulse compression. The system range command LSB is 0.62 ns or 9.25 cm. A second order altitude tracker, aided by accelerometer inputs is implemented in the system software. During flight tests the system demonstrated an altitude resolution capability of 2.1 cm and sea wave height estimation accuracy of 10%. The altitude measurement performance exceeds that of the Skylab and GEOS-C predecessors by approximately an order of magnitude.

  17. Vibration in Planetary Gear Systems with Unequal Planet Stiffnesses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frater, J. L.; August, R.; Oswald, F. B.

    1982-01-01

    An algorithm suitable for a minicomputer was developed for finding the natural frequencies and mode shapes of a planetary gear system which has unequal stiffnesses between the Sun/planet and planet/ring gear meshes. Mode shapes are represented in the form of graphical computer output that illustrates the lateral and rotational motion of the three coaxial gears and the planet gears. This procedure permits the analysis of gear trains utilizing nonuniform mesh conditions and user specified masses, stiffnesses, and boundary conditions. Numerical integration of the equations of motion for planetary gear systems indicates that this algorithm offers an efficient means of predicting operating speeds which may result in high dynamic tooth loads.

  18. FINDS: A fault inferring nonlinear detection system. User's guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lancraft, R. E.; Caglayan, A. K.

    1983-01-01

    The computer program FINDS is written in FORTRAN-77, and is intended for operation on a VAX 11-780 or 11-750 super minicomputer, using the VMS operating system. The program detects, isolates, and compensates for failures in navigation aid instruments and onboard flight control and navigation sensors of a Terminal Configured Vehicle aircraft in a Microwave Landing System environment. In addition, FINDS provides sensor fault tolerant estimates for the aircraft states which are then used by an automatic guidance and control system to land the aircraft along a prescribed path. FINDS monitors for failures by evaluating all sensor outputs simultaneously using the nonlinear analytic relationships between the various sensor outputs arising from the aircraft point mass equations of motion. Hence, FINDS is an integrated sensor failure detection and isolation system.

  19. Cardio-respiratory control in an infant with Ondine's curse: a multivariate autoregressive modelling approach.

    PubMed

    Ogawa, T; Kojo, M; Fukushima, N; Sonoda, H; Goto, K; Ishiwa, S; Ishiguro, M

    1993-01-01

    We applied spectral analysis through multivariant autoregressive model fitting [1] to RR interval (RRI) and respiratory (RES) oscillation obtained during quiet sleep in an infant with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (Ondine's curse), a child with obstructive sleep apnea, and two healthy children. Power spectra, impulse response and noise contribution ratio between RRI and RES oscillation were calculated by using a minicomputer PFU-1200 (FACOM) to determine the structure of the feedback system between RRI and RES within the central nervous system. We found that the respiratory noise contribution ratio to RRI was significantly smaller in Ondine's curse (37 +/- 7.7%, at 0.23 Hz) than in obstructive sleep apnea (90 +/- 6.7%, at 0.39 Hz) and healthy subjects. We postulate that the result shows disturbance of the central autonomic control of breathing and heart rate in Ondine's curse. PMID:8436805

  20. The GPRIME approach to finite element modeling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wallace, D. R.; Mckee, J. H.; Hurwitz, M. M.

    1983-01-01

    GPRIME, an interactive modeling system, runs on the CDC 6000 computers and the DEC VAX 11/780 minicomputer. This system includes three components: (1) GPRIME, a user friendly geometric language and a processor to translate that language into geometric entities, (2) GGEN, an interactive data generator for 2-D models; and (3) SOLIDGEN, a 3-D solid modeling program. Each component has a computer user interface of an extensive command set. All of these programs make use of a comprehensive B-spline mathematics subroutine library, which can be used for a wide variety of interpolation problems and other geometric calculations. Many other user aids, such as automatic saving of the geometric and finite element data bases and hidden line removal, are available. This interactive finite element modeling capability can produce a complete finite element model, producing an output file of grid and element data.

  1. Computer Information System For Nuclear Medicine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cahill, P. T.; Knowles, R. J.....; Tsen, O.

    1983-12-01

    To meet the complex needs of a nuclear medicine division serving a 1100-bed hospital, a computer information system has been developed in sequential phases. This database management system is based on a time-shared minicomputer linked to a broadband communications network. The database contains information on patient histories, billing, types of procedures, doses of radiopharmaceuticals, times of study, scanning equipment used, and technician performing the procedure. These patient records are cycled through three levels of storage: (a) an active file of 100 studies for those patients currently scheduled, (b) a temporary storage level of 1000 studies, and (c) an archival level of 10,000 studies containing selected information. Merging of this information with reports and various statistical analyses are possible. This first phase has been in operation for well over a year. The second phase is an upgrade of the size of the various storage levels by a factor of ten.

  2. Spacecraft tracking from the U.K. IRAS/AMPTE Control Centre

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holdaway, R.; McPherson, P.; Ely, R.

    1985-10-01

    The U.K. Science and Engineering Research Council operates a spacecraft Operations Control Centre at its Rutherford Appleton Laboratory at Chilton in Oxfordshire. This paper describes tracking aspects of the Control Centre during operations of the IRAS and AMPTE missions. Tracking is carried out using a 12 meter antenna with electric drive and S-band monopulse feed. A static pointing error of less than 3 arcminutes is achieved. The antenna is controlled by software on a minicomputer which has access to error and AGC signals from the receivers as well as encoder and status outputs from the antenna. The software is included in the control servo loop, and outputs velocity requests to the motor drive system. Descriptions are given of the tracking system hardware, position control, tracking modes (program and autotrack), orbit predictions, operator interface, and an analysis of accuracies for the two missions.

  3. A five component electro-optical positioning system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tcheng, Ping; Schott, Timothy D.

    1987-01-01

    The development of a five-component electrooptical positioning system for detecting the location of wind tunnel models within the test section is discussed. The system consists of three low power helium-neon lasers, five linear photodiode arrays, an assembly of optics that includes lenses and mirrors, and a signal conditioner. The system has been successfully installed and is currently in use at the 13-inch magnetic suspension and balance system (MSBS) at NASA Langley Research Center. Initially the system was developed as an auxiliary model position and attitude detecting system for that facility, but it has since been modified and interfaced with a PDP minicomputer to provide position feedback for the control loop.

  4. Automatic continuum analysis of reflectance spectra

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, Roger N.; King, Trude V. V.

    1987-01-01

    A continuum algorithm based on a Segmented Upper Hull method (SUH) is described. An upper hull is performed on segments of a spectrum defined by local minima and maxima. The segments making a complete spectrum are then combined. The definition of the upper hull allows the continuum to be both concave and/or convex, adapting to the shape of the spectrum. The method performs multiple passes on a spectrum by segmenting each local maximum to minimum and performing an upper hull. The algorithm naturally adapts to the widths of absorption features, so that all features are found, including the nature of doublets, triplets, etc. The algorithm is also reasonably fast on common minicomputers so that it might be applied to the large data sets from imaging spectrometers.

  5. Computer Generated Anesthesia Records

    PubMed Central

    Harbort, Robert A.; Paulsen, A.W.; Frazier, Wesley T.

    1980-01-01

    This paper describes a distributed computer system for generation of anesthesia records during surgery. The system is made up of a minicomputer for signal acquisition and data management and a microprocessor controlled mass spectrometer for monitoring and display of medical gases (anesthetic agents, nitrogen, argon, oxygen, and carbon dioxide). The final copy of the anesthesia record is produced in the operating room in real time on an X-Y plotter. It is available for use by the anesthetist, who has the option of making handwritten additions or corrections. The system reduces the clerical workload, provides consistent and legible records, and saves the intraoperative record online for subsequent review and statistical analysis. ImagesFigure 2

  6. Supervisory control and diagnostics system for the mirror fusion test facility: overview and status 1980

    SciTech Connect

    McGoldrick, P.R.

    1981-01-01

    The Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) is a complex facility requiring a highly-computerized Supervisory Control and Diagnostics System (SCDS) to monitor and provide control over ten subsystems; three of which require true process control. SCDS will provide physicists with a method of studying machine and plasma behavior by acquiring and processing up to four megabytes of plasma diagnostic information every five minutes. A high degree of availability and throughput is provided by a distributed computer system (nine 32-bit minicomputers on shared memory). Data, distributed across SCDS, is managed by a high-bandwidth Distributed Database Management System. The MFTF operators' control room consoles use color television monitors with touch sensitive screens; this is a totally new approach. The method of handling deviations to normal machine operation and how the operator should be notified and assisted in the resolution of problems has been studied and a system designed.

  7. Automated search for supernovae

    SciTech Connect

    Kare, J.T.

    1984-11-15

    This thesis describes the design, development, and testing of a search system for supernovae, based on the use of current computer and detector technology. This search uses a computer-controlled telescope and charge coupled device (CCD) detector to collect images of hundreds of galaxies per night of observation, and a dedicated minicomputer to process these images in real time. The system is now collecting test images of up to several hundred fields per night, with a sensitivity corresponding to a limiting magnitude (visual) of 17. At full speed and sensitivity, the search will examine some 6000 galaxies every three nights, with a limiting magnitude of 18 or fainter, yielding roughly two supernovae per week (assuming one supernova per galaxy per 50 years) at 5 to 50 percent of maximum light. An additional 500 nearby galaxies will be searched every night, to locate about 10 supernovae per year at one or two percent of maximum light, within hours of the initial explosion.

  8. Berkeley automated supernova search

    SciTech Connect

    Kare, J.T.; Pennypacker, C.R.; Muller, R.A.; Mast, T.S.; Crawford, F.S.; Burns, M.S.

    1981-01-01

    The Berkeley automated supernova search employs a computer controlled 36-inch telescope and charge coupled device (CCD) detector to image 2500 galaxies per night. A dedicated minicomputer compares each galaxy image with stored reference data to identify supernovae in real time. The threshold for detection is m/sub v/ = 18.8. We plan to monitor roughly 500 galaxies in Virgo and closer every night, and an additional 6000 galaxies out to 70 Mpc on a three night cycle. This should yield very early detection of several supernovae per year for detailed study, and reliable premaximum detection of roughly 100 supernovae per year for statistical studies. The search should be operational in mid-1982.

  9. Modern control techniques for accelerators

    SciTech Connect

    Goodwin, R.W.; Shea, M.F.

    1984-05-01

    Beginning in the mid to late sixties, most new accelerators were designed to include computer based control systems. Although each installation differed in detail, the technology of the sixties and early to mid seventies dictated an architecture that was essentially the same for the control systems of that era. A mini-computer was connected to the hardware and to a console. Two developments have changed the architecture of modern systems: (a) the microprocessor and (b) local area networks. This paper discusses these two developments and demonstrates their impact on control system design and implementation by way of describing a possible architecture for any size of accelerator. Both hardware and software aspects are included.

  10. CCD image data acquisition system for optical astronomy.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhat, P. N.; Patnaik, K.; Kembhavi, A. K.; Patnaik, A. R.; Prabhu, T. P.

    1990-11-01

    A complete image processing system based on a charge coupled device (CCD) has been developed at TIFR, Bombay, for use in optical astronomy. The system consists of a P-8600/B GEC CCD chip, a CCD controller, a VAX 11/725 mini-computer to carry out the image acquisition and display on a VS-11 monitor. All the necessary software and part of the hardware were developed locally, integrated together and installed at the Vainu Bappu Observatory at Kavalur. CCD as an imaging device and its advantages over the conventional photographic plate is briefly reviewed. The acquisition system is described in detail. The preliminary results are presented and the future research programme is outlined.

  11. The Evolution of a Computerized Medical Information System

    PubMed Central

    Hammond, W. Ed; Stead, W. W.

    1986-01-01

    This paper presents the eighteen year history leading to the development of a computerized medical information system and discusses the factors which influenced its philosophy, design and implementation. This system, now called TMR, began as a single-user, tape-oriented minicomputer package and now exists as a multi-user, multi-database, multi-computer system capable of supporting a full range of users in both the inpatient and outpatient settings. The paper discusses why we did what we did, what worked, and what didn't work. Current projects are emphasized including networking and the integration of inpatient and outpatient functions into a single system. A theme of the paper is how hardware and software technological advancements, increasing sophistication of our users, our increasing experience, and just plain luck contributed to the success of TMR.

  12. Software for Digital Acquisition System and Application to Environmental Monitoring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Copeland, G. E.

    1975-01-01

    Criteria for selection of a minicomputer for use as a core resident acquisition system were developed for the ODU Mobile Air Pollution Laboratory. A comprehensive data acquisition program named MONARCH was instituted in a DEC-8/E-8K 12-bit computer. Up to 32 analog voltage inputs are scanned sequentially, converted to BCD, and then to actual numbers. As many as 16 external devices (valves or any other two-state device) are controlled independently. MONARCH is written as a foreground-background program, controlled by an external clock which interrupts once per minute. Transducer voltages are averaged over user specified time intervals and, upon completion of any desired time sequence, outputted are: day, hour, minute, second; state of external valves; average value of each analogue voltage (E Format); as well as standard deviations of these values. Output is compatible with any serially addressed media.

  13. SIFT - Design and analysis of a fault-tolerant computer for aircraft control. [Software Implemented Fault Tolerant systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wensley, J. H.; Lamport, L.; Goldberg, J.; Green, M. W.; Levitt, K. N.; Melliar-Smith, P. M.; Shostak, R. E.; Weinstock, C. B.

    1978-01-01

    SIFT (Software Implemented Fault Tolerance) is an ultrareliable computer for critical aircraft control applications that achieves fault tolerance by the replication of tasks among processing units. The main processing units are off-the-shelf minicomputers, with standard microcomputers serving as the interface to the I/O system. Fault isolation is achieved by using a specially designed redundant bus system to interconnect the processing units. Error detection and analysis and system reconfiguration are performed by software. Iterative tasks are redundantly executed, and the results of each iteration are voted upon before being used. Thus, any single failure in a processing unit or bus can be tolerated with triplication of tasks, and subsequent failures can be tolerated after reconfiguration. Independent execution by separate processors means that the processors need only be loosely synchronized, and a novel fault-tolerant synchronization method is described.

  14. A velocity vector measuring system with 13 asymmetric wedge type yawmeters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakaya, T.; Hoshio, H.; Noguchi, M.

    1981-06-01

    In order to survey the flow field around the empennage of the NAL STOL research aircraft model in the 6m low speed wind tunnel, a velocity vector measuring system with 13 asymmetric wedge type yawmeters was developed. The rotational angle of the 13 probes and the setting angle of this system are automatically controlled following the sequence previously programmed into a minicomputer system. The hardware, control modes, data reduction, and data processing are described. The accuracy of the flow angle measurement turned out to be satisfactory, but measurements of dynamic pressure and static pressure were less accurate. An example of measurements taken of the flow field around the empennage of the STOL research aircraft model is included.

  15. Alsep data processing: How we processed Apollo Lunar Seismic Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Latham, G. V.; Nakamura, Y.; Dorman, H. J.

    1979-01-01

    The Apollo lunar seismic station network gathered data continuously at a rate of 3 x 10 to the 8th power bits per day for nearly eight years until the termination in September, 1977. The data were processed and analyzed using a PDP-15 minicomputer. On the average, 1500 long-period seismic events were detected yearly. Automatic event detection and identification schemes proved unsuccessful because of occasional high noise levels and, above all, the risk of overlooking unusual natural events. The processing procedures finally settled on consist of first plotting all the data on a compressed time scale, visually picking events from the plots, transferring event data to separate sets of tapes and performing detailed analyses using the latter. Many problems remain especially for automatically processing extraterrestrial seismic signals.

  16. Automation in photogrammetry: Recent developments and applications (1972-1976)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Thompson, M.M.; Mikhail, E.M.

    1976-01-01

    An overview of recent developments in the automation of photogrammetry in various countries is presented. Conclusions regarding automated photogrammetry reached at the 1972 Congress in Ottawa are reviewed first as a background for examining the developments of 1972-1976. Applications are described for each country reporting significant developments. Among fifteen conclusions listed are statements concerning: the widespread practice of equipping existing stereoplotters with simple digitizers; the growing tendency to use minicomputers on-line with stereoplotters; the optimization of production of digital terrain models by progressive sampling in stereomodels; the potential of digitization of a photogrammetric model by density correlation on epipolar lines; the capabilities and economic aspects of advanced systems which permit simultaneous production of orthophotos, contours, and digital terrain models; the economy of off-line orthophoto systems; applications of digital image processing; automation by optical techniques; applications of sensors other than photographic imagery, and the role of photogrammetric phases in a completely automated cartographic system. ?? 1976.

  17. A microprocessor based communications multiplexer/concentrator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, D. W.; Arozullah, M.

    1978-01-01

    In the past communications concentrators have been designed using mini-computers. In this work a design for a high speed concentrator (in the megabits range) is developed using the 3000 series bit slice microprocessor. The proposed concentrator realizes the functions of multiplexing of the data arriving on the low speed lines, demultiplexing of the data arriving on the high speed line, including canned responses and code conversion. The basic system hardware configuration and the principles of operation of the multiplexing and the demultiplexing subsystems are presented. The software for these two functions are also presented. Using queueing theory, an estimate of the required buffer size is provided. Possible areas of further improvement are also indicated.

  18. Automation of production of semiconductor power devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kyuts, R. V.; Toomsoo, G. K.

    1984-10-01

    An informational consultative automatic system for control of technological processes is being developed. Then automatic control systems for groups of technological processes are being developed, essentially with a computer base. Its accounting functions include tracking of parts, statistical analysis of product lots, inspection and correction for excessive reject rate. Its control functions include adaptive simulation of technological processes, with stabilization and correction, and predicting characteristics. The software consists of general and special programs. The hardware consists of modular computers with expanded memory on three magnetic disks and four magnetic tapes, workshop terminals with teletypes, and testers. The data processing part consists of minicomputer with peripheral equipment. The testing part includes means of transporting as well as heating and cooling the test samples, and inserting them into the test circuit adequate electrical contact.

  19. Field implementation of an emergency assessment system

    SciTech Connect

    Walker, D.M.; Hearn, R.A.; Mak, M.W.; Serpa, D.P.; Shih, C.C.

    1983-02-01

    A computerized Emergency Assessment and Response System (EARS) was developed as a means to characterize and evaluate the offsite radiological consequences of potential accidents at the Diablo Canyon Power Plant (DCPP). The system consists of a central computer at the Technical Support Center, provisions for live-time collection of meteorological and monitor data, and a distributed network of minicomputer display stations at selected plant and offsite locations. During use in two full-scale emergency exercises at DCPP, the system demonstrated the capability to collect information, perform dose projections, and communicate the information effectively to remote participants. Problems observed during the first exercise, such as slowness in defining release rate terms and unavailability of certain data as needed by participants, were corrected prior to the second exercise. EARS is now a proven, integral part of the emergency response capabilities of DCPP, and is being extended for routine use in training, meteorological data processing, and gaseous effluent control programs.

  20. [Comparison of different methods for the determination of the energy dose distribution of enclosed Cs-137 afterloading sources].

    PubMed

    Krispel, F

    1983-05-01

    A low-dose afterloading unit of the type "Curitron" with Cs-137 sources is available at the Radiologic Hospital of the Karl-Franzens-Universität of Graz. The available sources are between 4.2 cm and 9.1 cm long. The corresponding activities of the individual sources are at present between 117 mCi and 383 mCi. The energy dose distributions around the sources were measured by means of an automatic dose measuring equipment and an additionally developed water phantom. Based on the measurement results, three rapid algorithms were developed and introduced as program modules into the existing therapy planning system which is running under RSX in a minicomputer of the type PDP 11/34. These algorithms are compared with regard to their precision and calculating speed, and the results are presented in form of energy dose distributions. PMID:6857746

  1. Computerized technical-document preparation (TXT users manual)

    SciTech Connect

    De Volpi, A.; Fenrick, M.R.; Stanford, G.S.; Fink, C.L.; Rhodes, E.A.

    1980-03-01

    The computer-assisted text-processing system, called TXT, has been implemented to benefit primarily the originator of technical reports. The system is of particular value to professional staff, such as scientists and engineers, who have responsibility for generating much correspondence or lengthy, complex reports or manuscripts - especially if prompt turnaround and high accuracy are required. It can produce text that contains special Greek or math symbols. Written in FORTRAN and MACRO, the program TXT operates on a PDP-11 minicomputer under the RSX-11M multi-task multi-user monitor. Peripheral hardware includes videoterminals, electrostatic printers, and magnetic disks. Either data- or word-processing tasks may be performed at the terminals.

  2. Laboratory procedures used in the hot corrosion project

    SciTech Connect

    Jeys, T.R.

    1980-04-08

    The objective of the Hot Corrosion Project in the LLNL Metals and Ceramics Division is to study the physical and chemical mechanisms of corrosion of nickel, iron, and some of their alloys when these metals are subjected to oxidizing or sulfidizing environments at temperatures between 850 and 950/sup 0/C. To obtain meaningful data in this study, we must rigidly control many parameters. Parameters are discussed and the methods chosen to control them in this laboratory. Some of the mechanics and manipulative procedures that are specifically related to data access and repeatability are covered. The method of recording and processing the data from each experiment using an LS-11 minicomputer are described. The analytical procedures used to evaluate the specimens after the corrosion tests are enumerated and discussed.

  3. The Mount Wilson solar magnetograph - Scanning and data system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, R.

    1976-01-01

    The paper describes a computer-operated image-scanning and data-collection system for the magnetograph at the Mt. Wilson 150-foot Tower telescope. The system is based on a minicomputer with a 32K word core memory and a generalized interface unit for controlling image motion, a keyboard, and an associated television screen. Operation of the solar image guider and the data-collection assembly is outlined along with the observation and data-reduction procedures. Advantages of the system include the ability to move the image in almost any conceivable fashion, a wide choice of integration times, and increased accuracy in magnetic and Doppler calibrations as well as in setting of the magnetic zero level.

  4. Using CLIPS in a distributed system: The Network Control Center (NCC) expert system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wannemacher, Tom

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes an intelligent troubleshooting system for the Help Desk domain. It was developed on an IBM-compatible 80286 PC using Microsoft C and CLIPS and an AT&T 3B2 minicomputer using the UNIFY database and a combination of shell script, C programs and SQL queries. The two computers are linked by a lan. The functions of this system are to help non-technical NCC personnel handle trouble calls, to keep a log of problem calls with complete, concise information, and to keep a historical database of problems. The database helps identify hardware and software problem areas and provides a source of new rules for the troubleshooting knowledge base.

  5. Cryogenic system for a superconducting spectrometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Porter, J.

    1983-03-01

    The Heavy Ion Spectrometer System (HISS) relies upon superconducting coils of cryostable, pool boiling design to provide a maximum particle bending field of 3 tesla. The cryogenic facility including helium refrigeration, gas management, liquid nitrogen system, and the overall control strategy are described. The system normally operates with a 4 K heat load of 150 watts; the LN2 circuits absorb an additional 4000 watts. The 80K intercept control is by an LSI 11 computer. Total available refrigeration at 4K is 400 watts using reciprocating expanders at the 20K and 4K level. The minicomputer has the capability of optimizing overall utility input cost by varying operating points. A hybrid of pneumatic, analog, and digital control is successful in providing full time unattended operation. The 7m diameter magnet/cryostat assembly is rotatable through 180 degrees to provide a variety of spectrometer orientations.

  6. MIDAS, prototype Multivariate Interactive Digital Analysis System, phase 1. Volume 1: System description

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kriegler, F. J.

    1974-01-01

    The MIDAS System is described as a third-generation fast multispectral recognition system able to keep pace with the large quantity and high rates of data acquisition from present and projected sensors. A principal objective of the MIDAS program is to provide a system well interfaced with the human operator and thus to obtain large overall reductions in turnaround time and significant gains in throughput. The hardware and software are described. The system contains a mini-computer to control the various high-speed processing elements in the data path, and a classifier which implements an all-digital prototype multivariate-Gaussian maximum likelihood decision algorithm operating at 200,000 pixels/sec. Sufficient hardware was developed to perform signature extraction from computer-compatible tapes, compute classifier coefficients, control the classifier operation, and diagnose operation.

  7. A transputer based finite element solver

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Favenesi, J. A.; Danial, A. N.; Bower, M. V.

    1987-01-01

    The feasibility of performing FEM structural-mechanics analyses on transputer systems is investigated experimentally. Transputers are programmable microprocessors equipped with local memory and point-to-point communication links; they can be joined in a large concurrent system via a programming language which supports distributed processing; this permits parallel processing at relatively low hardware cost. The computational tasks required by FEM programs are reviewed; the hardware (one PC, one master transputer, and 12 slave transputers) employed in the test calculations is described; and results demonstrating the speed and efficiency of the transputer array in assembling a global stiffness matrix and performing Gauss-Jordan matrix inversion are presented in graphs. It is predicted that larger transputer networks could approach the power of supercomputers at minicomputer costs.

  8. Wind tunnel evaluation of air-foil performance using simulated ice shapes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bragg, M. B.; Zaguli, R. J.; Gregorek, G. M.

    1982-01-01

    A two-phase wind tunnel test was conducted in the 6 by 9 foot Icing Research Tunnel (IRT) at NASA Lewis Research Center to evaluate the effect of ice on the performance of a full scale general aviation wing. In the first IRT tests, rime and glaze shapes were carefully documented as functions of angle of attack and free stream conditions. Next, simulated ice shapes were constructed for two rime and two glaze shapes and used in the second IRT tunnel entry. The ice shapes and the clean airfoil were tapped to obtain surface pressures and a probe used to measure the wake characteristics. These data were recorded and processed, on-line, with a minicomputer/digital data acquisition system. The effect of both rime and glaze ice on the pressure distribution, Cl, Cd, and Cm are presented.

  9. Tracing technology in the Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries

    PubMed Central

    Guard, J. Roger; Peay, Wayne J.

    2003-01-01

    From the beginning of the association, technology and the Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries (AAHSL) have been intertwined. Technology was the focus of one of the first committees. Innovative applications of technology have been employed in the operations of the association. Early applications of mini-computers were used in preparing the Annual Statistics. The association's use of network communications was among the first in the country and later applications of the Web have enhanced association services. For its members, technology has transformed libraries. The association's support of the early development of Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems (IAIMS) and of its recent reconceptualization has contributed to the intellectual foundation for this revolution. PMID:12883580

  10. ANNIE - INTERACTIVE PROCESSING OF DATA BASES FOR HYDROLOGIC MODELS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lumb, Alan M.; Kittle, John L.

    1985-01-01

    ANNIE is a data storage and retrieval system that was developed to reduce the time and effort required to calibrate, verify, and apply watershed models that continuously simulate water quantity and quality. Watershed models have three categories of input: parameters to describe segments of a drainage area, linkage of the segments, and time-series data. Additional goals for ANNIE include the development of software that is easily implemented on minicomputers and some microcomputers and software that has no special requirements for interactive display terminals. Another goal is for the user interaction to be based on the experience of the user so that ANNIE is helpful to the inexperienced user and yet efficient and brief for the experienced user. Finally, the code should be designed so that additional hydrologic models can easily be added to ANNIE.

  11. The spatial and logical organization of devices in an advanced industrial robot system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ruoff, C. F.

    1980-01-01

    This paper describes the geometrical and device organization of a robot system which is based in part upon transformations of Cartesian frames and exchangeable device tree structures. It discusses coordinate frame transformations, geometrical device representation and solution degeneracy along with the data structures which support the exchangeable logical-physical device assignments. The system, which has been implemented in a minicomputer, supports vision, force, and other sensors. It allows tasks to be instantiated with logically equivalent devices and it allows tasks to be defined relative to appropriate frames. Since these frames are, in turn, defined relative other frames this organization provides a significant simplification in task specification and a high degree of system modularity.

  12. COMO - A Program For Optical Design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vollrath, Wolfgang

    1986-10-01

    COMO is an optical design program of a special orthogonalization type, developed by Prof. H.Marx at Ernst Leitz Wetzlar Company. Not using a merit function, COMO corrects aberrations under equality and inequality constraints not simultaneously but sequentially, the order is chosen by the optical designer. The optimization procedure shows distinctive features compared to other programs. COMO is in use at Leitz since the early 1970's and is now running on HP-1000F and HP-A900 computer systems. In 1974, when it was implemented on a HP-2100, it was probably one of the very first "mainfrawe" optical design programs running on a minicomputer. H.Marx named this program COMO.

  13. High resolution Michelson interferometer for airborne infrared astronomical observations. 1: Concept and performance.

    PubMed

    Baluteau, J P; Anderegg, M; Moorwood, A F; Coron, N; Beckman, J E; Bussoletti, E; Hippelein, H H

    1977-07-01

    A Michelson interferometer has been built for use with the 91-cm telescope on NASA's Gerard P. Kuiper Airborne Observatory primarily to measure ir line emission from H 11 regions. Operation is in the rapid scan mode, and the achievable resolution is 0.02 cm(-1) in the wavelength range from 10 micro to around 300 micro. A minicomputer is used to provide on-line spectrum displays and to control and monitor the instrument performance. The design and use of the instrument is discussed, and a comparison is made between the theoretical performance and that actually achieved on the first flights when measurements of line emission from the Orion nebula and from the atmosphere were made. PMID:20168819

  14. Cellular array processing simulation

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, H.C.; Preston, E.W.

    1981-01-01

    The cellular array processing simulation (CAPS) system is a high-level image language that runs on a multiprocessor configuration. CAPS is interpretively decoded on a conventional minicomputer with all image operation instructions executed on an array processor. CAPS was designed to be both modular and table driven so that it can be easily maintained and modified. CAPS uses the image convolution operator as one of its primitives and performs this cellular operation by decomposing it into parallel image steps. Among its features is the ability to observe the imagery in real time as a user's algorithm is executed. CAPS also contains a language processor that permits users to develop re-entrant image processing subroutines or algorithms. 4 references.

  15. Safeguards instrumentation: past, present, future

    SciTech Connect

    Higinbotham, W.A.

    1982-01-01

    Instruments are essential for accounting, for surveillance and for protection of nuclear materials. The development and application of such instrumentation is reviewed, with special attention to international safeguards applications. Active and passive nondestructive assay techniques are some 25 years of age. The important advances have been in learning how to use them effectively for specific applications, accompanied by major advances in radiation detectors, electronics, and, more recently, in mini-computers. The progress in seals has been disappointingly slow. Surveillance cameras have been widely used for many applications other than safeguards. The revolution in TV technology will have important implications. More sophisticated containment/surveillance equipment is being developed but has yet to be exploited. On the basis of this history, some expectations for instrumentation in the near future are presented.

  16. Flexible missile autopilot design studies with PC-MATLAB/386

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ruth, Michael J.

    1989-01-01

    Development of a responsive, high-bandwidth missile autopilot for airframes which have structural modes of unusually low frequency presents a challenging design task. Such systems are viable candidates for modern, state-space control design methods. The PC-MATLAB interactive software package provides an environment well-suited to the development of candidate linear control laws for flexible missile autopilots. The strengths of MATLAB include: (1) exceptionally high speed (MATLAB's version for 80386-based PC's offers benchmarks approaching minicomputer and mainframe performance); (2) ability to handle large design models of several hundred degrees of freedom, if necessary; and (3) broad extensibility through user-defined functions. To characterize MATLAB capabilities, a simplified design example is presented. This involves interactive definition of an observer-based state-space compensator for a flexible missile autopilot design task. MATLAB capabilities and limitations, in the context of this design task, are then summarized.

  17. Laboratory data manipulation tools basic data handling programs. Volume 2: Detailed software/hardware documentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    The set of computer programs described allows for data definition, data input, and data transfer between the LSI-11 microcomputers and the VAX-11/780 minicomputer. Program VAXCOM allows for a simple method of textual file transfer from the LSI to the VAX. Program LSICOM allows for easy file transfer from the VAX to the LSI. Program TTY changes the LSI-11 operators console to the LSI's printing device. Program DICTIN provides a means for defining a data set for input to either computer. Program DATAIN is a simple to operate data entry program which is capable of building data files on either machine. Program LEDITV is an extremely powerful, easy to use, line oriented text editor. Program COPYSBF is designed to print out textual files on the line printer without character loss from FORTRAN carriage control or wide record transfer.

  18. A Scanning laser-velocimeter technique for measuring two-dimensional wake-vortex velocity distributions. [Langley Vortex Research Facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gartrell, L. R.; Rhodes, D. B.

    1980-01-01

    A rapid scanning two dimensional laser velocimeter (LV) has been used to measure simultaneously the vortex vertical and axial velocity distributions in the Langley Vortex Research Facility. This system utilized a two dimensional Bragg cell for removing flow direction ambiguity by translating the optical frequency for each velocity component, which was separated by band-pass filters. A rotational scan mechanism provided an incremental rapid scan to compensate for the large displacement of the vortex with time. The data were processed with a digital counter and an on-line minicomputer. Vaporized kerosene (0.5 micron to 5 micron particle sizes) was used for flow visualization and LV scattering centers. The overall measured mean-velocity uncertainity is less than 2 percent. These measurements were obtained from ensemble averaging of individual realizations.

  19. Oxygen consumption and filtering rate of Daphnia Pulex after exposure to water-soluble fractions of naphthalene, phenanthrene, No. 2 fuel oil, and coal-tar creosote

    SciTech Connect

    Geiger, J.G.; Buikema, A.L.

    1981-12-01

    The effects of short-term exposure to water-soluble fractions (WSF) of naphthalene, phenanthrene, No. 2 fuel oil, and coal-tar creosote upon oxygen consumption and filtering rates of Daphnia pulex are examined. Approximately 60 young Daphnia were exposed to test solutions of LC20 and LC30 concentrations of WSF for at least three molt cycles. Oxygen consumption was determined by the azide modification of the Winkler Method (American Public Health Association et al. 1975). Algal counts were made for experimental and control bottles using an Electrozone electronic particle counter interfaced with a PDP-11 minicomputer. Filtering rates were computed and expressed as ml/Daphnia/day. Results indicate no significant differences in oxygen consumption rates. However, changes in filtering rates may be a sensitive indicator of sublethal stress. 3 tables (JMT)

  20. Development of a multiplane multispeed balancing system for turbine systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martin, M. R.

    1984-01-01

    A prototype high speed balancing system was developed for assembled gas turbine engine modules. The system permits fully assembled gas turbine modules to be operated and balanced at selected speeds up to full turbine speed. The balancing system is a complete stand-alone system providing all necesary lubrication and support hardware for full speed operation. A variable speed motor provides the drive power. A drive belt and gearbox provide rotational speeds up to 21,000 rpm inside a vacuum chamber. The heart of the system is a dedicated minicomputer with attendant data acquisition, storage and I/O devices. The computer is programmed to be completely interactive with the operator. The system was installed at CCAD and evaluated by testing 20 T55 power turbines and 20 T53 power turbines. Engine test results verified the performance of the high speed balanced turbines.

  1. Binary chromatographic data and estimation of adsorbent porosities. [data for system n-heptane/n-pentane

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Meisch, A. J.

    1972-01-01

    Data for the system n-pentane/n-heptane on porous Chromosorb-102 adsorbent were obtained at 150, 175, and 200 C for mixtures containing zero to 100% n-pentane by weight. Prior results showing limitations on superposition of pure component data to predict multicomponent chromatograms were verified. The thermodynamic parameter MR0 was found to be a linear function of sample composition. A nonporous adsorbent failed to separate the system because of large input sample dispersions. A proposed automated data processing scheme involving magnetic tape recording of the detector signals and processing by a minicomputer was rejected because of resolution limitations of the available a/d converters. Preliminary data on porosity and pore size distributions of the adsorbents were obtained.

  2. Proposed technology and procurement policy for SNAP III. Final report, April-September 1986

    SciTech Connect

    Schneidewind, N.F.

    1986-10-01

    The purpose of this report is to suggest ideas for the technology and procurement policy that would be appropriate for SNAP III in the next decade. Both technology and procurement policy are considered because it would be difficult to implement some of the technology proposed in this report without a change in procurement policy. The report describes the recommended architecture of SNAP III and the software acquisitions and procurements policies to support the architecture. Major recommendations are: Transition from minicomputer to microcomputer system; Transition to proven commercial office system; Use local area network technology; Acquire mass storage capability; Acquire improved graphics capability; Consider automating ship -- shore communications, and start to develop a procurement policy to support the acquisition of the above technology.

  3. CAMAPPLE: CAMAC interface to the Apple computer

    SciTech Connect

    Oxoby, G.J.; Trang, Q.H.; Williams, S.H.

    1981-04-01

    The advent of the personal microcomputer provides a new tool for the debugging, calibration and monitoring of small scale physics apparatus, e.g., a single detector being developed for a larger physics apparatus. With an appropriate interface these microcomputer systems provide a low cost (1/3 the cost of a comparable minicomputer system), convenient, dedicated, portable system which can be used in a fashion similar to that of portable oscilloscopes. Here, an interface between the Apple computer and CAMAC which is now being used to study the detector for a Cerenkov ring-imaging device is described. The Apple is particularly well-suited to this application because of its ease of use, hi-resolution graphics, peripheral bus and documentation support.

  4. A high-performance modular data system for Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Senko, M W; Canterbury, J D; Guan, S; Marshall, A G

    1996-01-01

    The three major components of a Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometer include the vacuum system (including ion source), the magnet and a data system capable of performing the necessary instrument control for desired experiments. Most previous FTICR systems have used commercial data systems based on custom-built electronics controlled by proprietary mini-computers developed in the early 1980's. Here we present a high-performance data system based on a personal computer running user-friendly Windows software and readily available commercial components contained in a VXI chassis and a minimal complement of simple custom electronics. The system uses a VXI pattern generator to control all aspects of the experiment. The flexibility of the pattern generator allows for performance of all current FTICR experimental sequences. PMID:8953786

  5. Investigation of creep by use of closed loop servo-hydraulic test system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, H. C.; Yao, J. C.

    1981-01-01

    Creep tests were conducted by means of a closed loop servo-controlled materials test system. These tests are different from the conventional creep tests in that the strain history prior to creep may be carefully monitored. Tests were performed for aluminum alloy 6061-0 at 150 C and monitored by a PDP 11/04 minicomputer at a preset constant plastic-strain rate prehistory. The results show that the plastic-strain rate prior to creep plays a significant role in creep behavior. The endochronic theory of viscoplasticity was applied to describe the observed creep curves. The concepts of intrinsic time and strain rate sensitivity function are employed and modified according to the present observation.

  6. An advanced programmable/reconfigurable color graphics display system for crew station technology research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montoya, R. J.; England, J. N.; Hatfield, J. J.; Rajala, S. A.

    1981-01-01

    The hardware configuration, software organization, and applications software for the NASA IKONAS color graphics display system are described. The systems were created at the Langley Research Center Display Device Laboratory to develop, evaluate, and demonstrate advanced generic concepts, technology, and systems integration techniques for electronic crew station systems of future civil aircraft. A minicomputer with 64K core memory acts as a host for a raster scan graphics display generator. The architectures of the hardware system and the graphics display system are provided. The applications software features a FORTRAN-based model of an aircraft, a display system, and the utility program for real-time communications. The model accepts inputs from a two-dimensional joystick and outputs a set of aircraft states. Ongoing and planned work for image segmentation/generation, specialized graphics procedures, and higher level language user interface are discussed.

  7. Contribution of the Spacelab data management system to lower cost space research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burger, J. J.; Tanner, E. R.

    1976-01-01

    This paper reviews the design and operation of the Spacelab data management system as it has evolved. Significant improvements and extensions of the original baseline system have been incorporated and will be discussed. They include the capability for the remote control of Spacelab subsystems, improved remote data acquisition units, a high-rate digital data multiplexer, and an improved high-rate digital recorder. Emphasis will be placed on the overall system aspects, including considerations on the use of minicomputers as an adjunct to the basic Spacelab data system. The approach for experiment related software production and integration will be addressed as well. The paper focuses on the contributions of the data management system in reducing the cost of research in Spacelab.

  8. Selecting a labor information system. What to ask, what to avoid.

    PubMed

    Garcia, L

    1990-12-01

    Payroll expenses may account for over half of all of a hospital's expenses. Manual time card processing requires an abundance of staff time and can often result in costly errors. To alleviate this problem, many healthcare facilities are implementing computerized labor information systems. To minimize the risk of selecting the wrong system, hospital administrators should ask the following questions before committing to any computerized labor information system: Is the software designed for hospital use and easily adaptable to each hospital's unique policies? How flexible is the software's reporting system? Does it include automatic scheduling that creates generic schedules? Does the system have the capability of securing time and attendance records and documenting the audit trail? Does the system include an accurate and reliable badge reader? What type of hardware is best for the particular hospital--microcomputer, minicomputer, or mainframe? Finally, to guarantee successful software installation, the vendor should have extensive experience and documentation in the system's implementation. PMID:10108009

  9. Acoustic monitoring of power-plant valves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allen, J. W.; Hartman, W. F.; Robinson, J. C.

    1982-06-01

    Advanced surveillance diagnostics were applied to key nuclear power plant valves to improve the availability of the power plant. Two types of valves were monitored: BWR three-stage, pilot-operated safety/relief valves and PWR feedwater control valves. Excessive leakage across the pilot-disc seat in BWR safety/relief valves can cause the second-stage pressure to reach the critical value that activates the valve, even though the set pressure was not exceeded. Acoustic emissions created by the leak noise were monitored and calibrated to indicate incipient activation of the safety/relief valve. Hydrodynamic, vibration, control and process signals from PWR feedwater control valves were monitored by a mini-computer based surveillance system. On-line analysis of these signals coupled with earlier analytic modelling identified: (1) cavitation, (2) changes in steam packaging tightness, (3) valve stem torquing, (4) transducer oscillations, and (5) peak vibration levels during power transients.

  10. University of Missouri-Rolla cloud simulation facility - Proto II chamber

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, Daniel R.; Carstens, John C.; Hagen, Donald E.; Schmitt, John L.; Kassner, James L.

    1987-01-01

    The design and supporting systems for the cooled-wall expansion cloud chamber, designated Proto II, are described. The chamber is a 10-sided vertical cylinder designed to be operated with interior wall temperatures between +40 and -40 C, and is to be utilized to study microphysical processes active in atmospheric clouds and fogs. Temperatures are measured using transistor thermometers which have a range of + or - 50 C and a resolution of about + or - 0.001 C; and pressures are measured in the chamber by a differential strain gauge pressure transducer. The methods used for temperature and pressure control are discussed. Consideration is given to the chamber windows, optical table, photographic/video, optical attenuation, Mie scattering, and the scanning system for the chamber. The system's minicomputer and humidifier, sample preparation, and chamber flushing are examined.

  11. Galileo Institute for Astronomy (IFA) charge-coupled device (CCD) system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hlivak, R. J.; Pilcher, C. B.; Howell, R. R.; Colucci, A. J.; Henry, J. P.

    1982-01-01

    A fully portable self-contained charge-coupled device system has been constructed for shared use with the Galileo Project Imaging Team. The detector currently incorporated in the system is a Texas Instruments 500 x 500 three-phase CCD that has been thinned to operate in the backside illuminated mode. The detector and camera mainframe electronics were provided by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The support electronics and control interfaces necessary to operate the mainframe were constructed. The data system, which is built around a DeAnza Visacom VC-5000 Image Processor with an imbedded LSI-11 minicomputer, was also integrated. The capability to do image processing in real-time at the telescope has proved to be extremely valuable. The overall system read noise has been measured at 25 electrons. Full-well capacity is 40,000 electrons. Some results from laboratory tests and initial observing runs at the Mauna Kea 2.2-m telescope are presented.

  12. Computer analysis of atomic absorption spectrophotometer generated data: basic and fortran 77 programs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brand, Uwe; Lorek, Edward G.

    The atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) programs (FORTRAN 77, v.2.0 and BASIC, v.2.1) allow for the efficient computation of chemical data generated by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. In the BASIC program, additional data, such as weight and insoluble residue, are entered directly into the program from a digital balance linked by RS-232C line to the minicomputer. In the FORTRAN 77 program weight, insoluble residue, and AAS are entered manually. Both programs have full editing facilities for easy error recovery, and the calculated data is printed in publishable table form. Also a terminal emulator program, in the BASIC version, is included to handle the efficient and automatic transfer of data to mainframe computers.

  13. AI tools in computer based problem solving

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Beane, Arthur J.

    1988-01-01

    The use of computers to solve value oriented, deterministic, algorithmic problems, has evolved a structured life cycle model of the software process. The symbolic processing techniques used, primarily in research, for solving nondeterministic problems, and those for which an algorithmic solution is unknown, have evolved a different model, much less structured. Traditionally, the two approaches have been used completely independently. With the advent of low cost, high performance 32 bit workstations executing identical software with large minicomputers and mainframes, it became possible to begin to merge both models into a single extended model of computer problem solving. The implementation of such an extended model on a VAX family of micro/mini/mainframe systems is described. Examples in both development and deployment of applications involving a blending of AI and traditional techniques are given.

  14. Remote sensing information sciences research group: Browse in the EOS era

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Estes, John E.; Star, Jeffrey L.

    1989-01-01

    The problem of science data browse was examined. Given the tremendous data volumes that are planned for future space missions, particularly the Earth Observing System in the late 1990's, the need for access to large spatial databases must be understood. Work was continued to refine the concept of data browse. Further, software was developed to provide a testbed of the concepts, both to locate possibly interesting data, as well as view a small portion of the data. Build II was placed on a minicomputer and a PC in the laboratory, and provided accounts for use in the testbed. Consideration of the testbed software as an element of in-house data management plans was begun.

  15. High-performance control system for a heavy-ion medical accelerator

    SciTech Connect

    Lancaster, H.D.; Magyary, S.B.; Sah, R.C.

    1983-03-01

    A high performance control system is being designed as part of a heavy ion medical accelerator. The accelerator will be a synchrotron dedicated to clinical and other biomedical uses of heavy ions, and it will deliver fully stripped ions at energies up to 800 MeV/nucleon. A key element in the design of an accelerator which will operate in a hospital environment is to provide a high performance control system. This control system will provide accelerator modeling to facilitate changes in operating mode, provide automatic beam tuning to simplify accelerator operations, and provide diagnostics to enhance reliability. The control system being designed utilizes many microcomputers operating in parallel to collect and transmit data; complex numerical computations are performed by a powerful minicomputer. In order to provide the maximum operational flexibility, the Medical Accelerator control system will be capable of dealing with pulse-to-pulse changes in beam energy and ion species.

  16. Applications of array processors in the analysis of remote sensing images

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramapriyan, H. K.; Strong, J. P.

    1984-01-01

    The architectures, programming characteristics, and ranges of application of past, present, and planned array processors for the digital processing of remote-sensing images are compared. Such functions as radiometric and geometric corrections, principal-components analysis, cluster coding, histogram generation, grey-level mapping, convolution, classification, and mensuration and modeling operations are considered, and both pipeline-type and single-instruction/multiple-data-stream (SIMD) arrays are evaluated. Numerical results are presented in a table, and it is found that the pipeline-type arrays normally used with minicomputers increase their speed significantly at low cost, while even further gains are provided by the more expensive SIMD arrays. Most image-processing operations become I/O-limited when SIMD arrays are used with current I/O devices.

  17. An interactive technique to generate digital elevation data using a vidicon camera

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sircar, J. K.; Ragan, R. M.

    1984-01-01

    A technique is proposed for the semi-automatic digitization of topographic maps using a vidicon camera interfaced with a mini-computer system. The required input is a black and white map that shows only contour lines and corresponding elevation values such as the advance prints of 7.5 minute USGS topographic sheets. A set of image processing algorithms is implemented on an image of the contour map acquired by a vidicon camera. The system developed performs extraction of contour lines, tagging elevation values and subsequent interpolation of elevations to produce, in 5 sec. x 5 sec. intervals of latitude and longitude, digital elevation matrices. The interpolation of elevations for non-contour points is achieved using a steepest descent algorithm. A communications capability allows the final data to be transferred over telephone lines to an off-site unit such as the floppy disk or a micro-computer.

  18. Composite structural materials. [aircraft structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ansell, G. S.; Loewy, R. G.; Wiberley, S. E.

    1980-01-01

    The use of filamentary composite materials in the design and construction of primary aircraft structures is considered with emphasis on efforts to develop advanced technology in the areas of physical properties, structural concepts and analysis, manufacturing, and reliability and life prediction. The redesign of a main spar/rib region on the Boeing 727 elevator near its actuator attachment point is discussed. A composite fabrication and test facility is described as well as the use of minicomputers for computer aided design. Other topics covered include (1) advanced structural analysis methids for composites; (2) ultrasonic nondestructive testing of composite structures; (3) optimum combination of hardeners in the cure of epoxy; (4) fatigue in composite materials; (5) resin matrix characterization and properties; (6) postbuckling analysis of curved laminate composite panels; and (7) acoustic emission testing of composite tensile specimens.

  19. Implementation of the DYMAC system at the new Los Alamos Plutonium Processing Facility. Phase II report

    SciTech Connect

    Malanify, J.J.; Amsden, D.C.

    1982-08-01

    The DYnamic Materials ACcountability System - called DYMAC - performs accountability functions at the new Los Alamos Plutonium Processing Facility where it began operation when the facility opened in January 1978. A demonstration program, DYMAC was designed to collect and assess inventory information for safeguards purposes. It accomplishes 75% of its design goals. DYMAC collects information about the physical inventory through deployment of nondestructive assay instrumentation and video terminals throughout the facility. The information resides in a minicomputer where it can be immediately sorted and displayed on the video terminals or produced in printed form. Although the capability now exists to assess the collected data, this portion of the program is not yet implemented. DYMAC in its present form is an excellent tool for process and quality control. The facility operator relies on it exclusively for keeping track of the inventory and for complying with accountability requirements of the US Department of Energy.

  20. Foqus: a FORTRAN program for the quantitative analysis of x-ray spectra from thin biological specimens

    SciTech Connect

    Fuchs, H.; Fuchs, W.

    1981-01-01

    An online FORTRAN program for the quantitative analysis of energy dispersive X-ray spectra from thin biological specimens is presented. The methods of background suppression by digital filtering and peak deconvolution by linear least-squares fitting with measured peak profiles are used. The continuum quantitation method for spectra from thin biological sections as proposed by Hall is applied. The performance of the computer program, utilizing the facilities of a disk operating system, is demonstrated. The routines were optimized for speed, resulting in a run-time of less than 5 seconds on a 16 bit minicomputer for a full quantitation for 7 elements of an energy dispersive thin section X-ray spectrum, including an optional absorption correction. Since no assembly language subroutines are implemented, the restrictions for the use of the program with different computer systems are minimized.

  1. KEK NODAL system

    SciTech Connect

    Kurokawa, S.; Abe, K.; Akiyama, A.; Katoh, T.; Kikutani, E.; Koiso, H.; Kurihara, N.; Oide, K.; Shinomoto, M.

    1985-10-01

    The KEK NODAL system, which is based on the NODAL devised at the CERN SPS, works on an optical-fiber token ring network of twenty-four minicomputers (Hitachi HIDIC 80's) to control the TRISTAN accelerator complex, now being constructed at KEK. KEK NODAL retains main features of the original NODAL: the interpreting scheme, the multi-computer programming facility, and the data-module concept. In addition, it has the following characteristics: fast execution due to the compiler-interpreter method, a multicomputer file system, a full-screen editing facility, and a dynamic linkage scheme of data modules and NODAL functions. The structure of the KEK NODAL system under PMS, a real-time multitasking operating system of HIDIC 80, is described; the NODAL file system is also explained.

  2. Numerical methods: Analytical benchmarking in transport theory

    SciTech Connect

    Ganapol, B.D. )

    1988-01-01

    Numerical methods applied to reactor technology have reached a high degree of maturity. Certainly one- and two-dimensional neutron transport calculations have become routine, with several programs available on personal computer and the most widely used programs adapted to workstation and minicomputer computational environments. With the introduction of massive parallelism and as experience with multitasking increases, even more improvement in the development of transport algorithms can be expected. Benchmarking an algorithm is usually not a very pleasant experience for the code developer. Proper algorithmic verification by benchmarking involves the following considerations: (1) conservation of particles, (2) confirmation of intuitive physical behavior, and (3) reproduction of analytical benchmark results. By using today's computational advantages, new basic numerical methods have been developed that allow a wider class of benchmark problems to be considered.

  3. Personal computer applications in DIII-D neutral beam operation

    SciTech Connect

    Glad, A.S.

    1986-08-01

    An IBM PC AT has been implemented to improve operation of the DIII-D neutral beams. The PC system provides centralization of all beam data with reasonable access for on-line shot-to-shot control and analysis. The PC hardware was configured to interface all four neutral beam host minicomputers, support multitasking, and provide storage for approximately one month's accumulation of beam data. The PC software is composed of commercial packages used for performance and statistical analysis (i.e., LOTUS 123, PC PLOT, etc.), host communications software (i.e., PCLink, KERMIT, etc.), and applications developed software utilizing f-smcapso-smcapsr-smcapst-smcapsr-smcapsa-smcapsn-smcaps and b-smcapsa-smcapss-smcapsIc-smcaps. The objectives of this paper are to describe the implementation of the PC system, the methods of integrating the various software packages, and the scenario for on-line control and analysis.

  4. Geodetic Accuracy of LANDSAT-4 Multispectral Scanner and Thematic Mapper Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thormodsgard, J. M.; Devries, D. J.

    1984-01-01

    The geodetic accuracy of an MSS or TM scene is assessed using a minicomputer and appropriate software, a digitizer, and an image display device. The calculated image location of a selected feature is compared with the actual image location obtained though visual inspection of the image on the display. Measurements of 15 to 20 features evenly distributed throughout the image provide an estimate of the geodetic accuracy of the scene. Tests of two system-corrected MSS scenes measured geodetic registration root-mean-square (RMS) errors of approximately 3,200 m or 57 pixels. Tests of two TM system-corrected scenes measured RMS errors of approximately 1,250 and 1,000 m, or 44 and 35 pixels, respectively. All errors were primarily translational, implying good internal scene registration of both MSS and TM data. The one MSS GCP-corrected scene which was evaluated had an RMS error of approximately 325 m or 6 pixels.

  5. MIDAS, prototype Multivariate Interactive Digital Analysis System, Phase 1. Volume 2: Diagnostic system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kriegler, F. J.; Christenson, D.; Gordon, M.; Kistler, R.; Lampert, S.; Marshall, R.; Mclaughlin, R.

    1974-01-01

    The MIDAS System is a third-generation, fast, multispectral recognition system able to keep pace with the large quantity and high rates of data acquisition from present and projected sensors. A principal objective of the MIDAS Program is to provide a system well interfaced with the human operator and thus to obtain large overall reductions in turn-around time and significant gains in throughout. The hardware and software generated in Phase I of the over-all program are described. The system contains a mini-computer to control the various high-speed processing elements in the data path and a classifier which implements an all-digital prototype multivariate-Gaussian maximum likelihood decision algorithm operating 2 x 105 pixels/sec. Sufficient hardware was developed to perform signature extraction from computer-compatible tapes, compute classifier coefficients, control the classifier operation, and diagnose operation. Diagnostic programs used to test MIDAS' operations are presented.

  6. MIDAS, prototype Multivariate Interactive Digital Analysis System, phase 1. Volume 3: Wiring diagrams

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kriegler, F. J.; Christenson, D.; Gordon, M.; Kistler, R.; Lampert, S.; Marshall, R.; Mclaughlin, R.

    1974-01-01

    The Midas System is a third-generation, fast, multispectral recognition system able to keep pace with the large quantity and high rates of data acquisition from present and projected sensors. A principal objective of the MIDAS Program is to provide a system well interfaced with the human operator and thus to obtain large overall reductions in turn-around time and significant gains in throughput. The hardware and software generated in Phase I of the overall program are described. The system contains a mini-computer to control the various high-speed processing elements in the data path and a classifier which implements an all-digital prototype multivariate-Gaussian maximum likelihood decision algorithm operating at 2 x 100,000 pixels/sec. Sufficient hardware was developed to perform signature extraction from computer-compatible tapes, compute classifier coefficients, control the classifier operation, and diagnose operation. The MIDAS construction and wiring diagrams are given.

  7. An image-processing system applied to earth-resource imagery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carter, P.; Gardner, W. E.

    1977-01-01

    The Harwell Image Processing System (HIPS) has been adapted for processing earth-resource imagery in either film or tape format. Data from film are obtained using a computer-controlled flying-spot scanner. Local rapid interactive processing is based on a PDP 11/20 minicomputer which has suitable display facilities for immediate visual appraisal of results and also a fast data link to an IBM 370/168 computer complex. An extensive subroutine library is being assembled for data preprocessing and feature extraction. This chapter includes a discussion of the basic principles of image analysis, a description of the HIPS system, and finally, for illustrative purposes, a description of several simple software routines.

  8. Auto covariance computer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hepner, T. E.; Meyers, J. F. (inventors)

    1985-01-01

    A laser velocimeter covariance processor which calculates the auto covariance and cross covariance functions for a turbulent flow field based on Poisson sampled measurements in time from a laser velocimeter is described. The device will process a block of data that is up to 4096 data points in length and return a 512 point covariance function with 48-bit resolution along with a 512 point histogram of the interarrival times which is used to normalize the covariance function. The device is designed to interface and be controlled by a minicomputer from which the data is received and the results returned. A typical 4096 point computation takes approximately 1.5 seconds to receive the data, compute the covariance function, and return the results to the computer.

  9. An operational video data compression system for ATS and ITOS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kutz, R. L.; Davisson, L. D.

    1975-01-01

    An operational data compression system has been developed and implemented for transmission of digitized ATS and ITOS-VHRR satellite video data over the wideband communication link between the Wallops Island, Va. Command and Data Acquisition Station and the National Environmental Satellite Service at Suitland, Md. This system uses minicomputers for the coding and decoding of the data to achieve maximum flexibility together with specially designed interface equipment for greater efficiency. No loss in data quality occurs due to the compression, and, in certain cases, data is transmitted which would be otherwise unavailable due to the limited channel capacity. This paper describes the method of compression, the equipment used, and the compression results attained.

  10. Contextual classification on the massively parallel processor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tilton, James C.

    1987-01-01

    Classifiers are often used to produce land cover maps from multispectral Earth observation imagery. Conventionally, these classifiers have been designed to exploit the spectral information contained in the imagery. Very few classifiers exploit the spatial information content of the imagery, and the few that do rarely exploit spatial information content in conjunction with spectral and/or temporal information. A contextual classifier that exploits spatial and spectral information in combination through a general statistical approach was studied. Early test results obtained from an implementation of the classifier on a VAX-11/780 minicomputer were encouraging, but they are of limited meaning because they were produced from small data sets. An implementation of the contextual classifier is presented on the Massively Parallel Processor (MPP) at Goddard that for the first time makes feasible the testing of the classifier on large data sets.

  11. Diagnosis of alcoholic cirrhosis with the right-to-left hepatic lobe ratio: concise communication

    SciTech Connect

    Shreiner, D.P.; Barlai-Kovach, M.

    1981-02-01

    Since scans of cirrhotic livers commonly show a reduction in size and colloid uptake of the right lobe, a quantitative measure of uptake was made using a minicomputer to determine total counts in regions of interest defined over each lobe. Right-to-left ratios were then compared in 103 patients. For normal paitents the mean ratio +- 1 s.d. was 2.85 +- 0.65, and the mean for patients with known cirrhosis was 1.08 +- 0.33. Patients with other liver diseases had ratios similar to the normal group. The normal range of the right-to-left lobe ratio was 1.55 to 4.15. The sensitivity of the ratio for alcoholic cirrhosis was 85.7% and the specificity was 100% in this patient population. The right-to-left lobe ratio was more sensitive and specific for alcoholic cirrhosis than any other criterion tested. An hypothesis is described to explain these results.

  12. A high pressure, high temperature combustor and turbine-cooling test facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cochran, R. P.; Norris, J. W.

    1976-01-01

    A new test facility is being constructed for developing turbine-cooling and combustor technology for future generation aircraft gas turbine engines. Prototype engine hardware will be investigated in this new facility at gas stream conditions up to 2480 K average turbine inlet temperature and 4.14 x 10 to the 6th power n sq m turbine inlet pressure. The facility will have the unique feature of fully automated control and data acquisition through the use of an integrated system of mini-computers and programmable controllers which will result in more effective use of operating time, will limit the number of operators required, and will provide built in self protection safety systems. The facility and the planning and design considerations are described.

  13. Microcomputer based shelf system to monitor special nuclear materials in storage

    SciTech Connect

    Nicholson, N.; Kuckertz, T.H.; Ethridge, C.D.

    1980-01-01

    Diversion of special nuclear material has become a matter of grave concern in recent years. Large quantities of this material are kept in long-term storage and must be inventoried periodically, resulting in a time-consuming activity that exposes personnel to additional radiation. A system that provides continuous surveillance of stored special nuclear materials has been developed. A shelf monitor has been designed using a single component microcomputer to collect data from a Geiger Muller tube that monitors gamma emissions and a scale that monitors the total weight of the special nuclear material and its container. A network of these shelf monitors reports their acquired data to a minicomputer for analysis and storage. Because a large number of these monitors is likely to be needed in most storage facilities, one objective of this program has been to develop a low cost but reliable monitor.

  14. Mini and microcomputer use at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: past, present and future

    SciTech Connect

    Krakowsky, A.M.

    1981-11-19

    In early 1981, the Electronics Engineering Department Head initiated a study of mini and microcomputer use at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The purpose of this study was to establish a firm foundation for making certain management decisions about computer acquisition. The report describes the methodology, presents the results of the study, and makes some observations and interpretations of the data. The report indicates that LLNL has been and will continue to be an enthusiastic user of DEC equipment. DEC is likely to supply well over half, but certainly not all, of the minicomputers that LLNL's programs will require. The economy of scale achieved by using a large number of one vendor's products has resulted in an impressive savings in time and dollars. It has provided our programs with a highly trained, mobile staff of engineers who can apply their previously-gained software and hardware knowledge to current tasks. The data do not indicate any danger of becoming dependent on a single vendor.

  15. CAMAPPLE: CAMAC interface to the Apple computer

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, S.H.; Oxoby, G.J.; Trang, Q.H.

    1981-09-01

    The advent of the personal microcomputer provides a new tool for the debugging, calibration and monitoring of small scale physics apparatus; e.g., a single detector being developed for a larger physics apparatus. With an appropriate interface these microcomputer systems provide a low cost (1/3 the cost of a comparable minicomputer system), convenient, dedicated, portable system which can be used in a fashion similar to that of portable oscilloscopes. Here we describe an interface between the Apple computer and CAMAC which is now being used to study the detector for a Cerenkov ring-imaging device. The Apple is particularly well-suited to this application because of its ease of use, hi-resolution graphics peripheral buss and documentation support.

  16. Culvert analysis program for indirect measurement of discharge

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fulford, Janice M.

    1993-01-01

    A program based on the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) methods for indirectly computing peak discharges through culverts allows users to employ input data formats used by the water surface profile program (WSPRO). The program can be used to compute discharge rating surfaces or curves that describe the behavior of flow through a particular culvert or to compute discharges from measurements of upstream of the gradually varied flow equations and has been adapted slightly to provide solutions that minimize the need for the user to determine between different flow regimes. The program source is written in Fortran 77 and has been run on mini-computers and personal computers. The program does not use or require graphics capability, a color monitor, or a mouse.

  17. Total ozone determination by spectroradiometry in the middle ultraviolet

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrison, L. M.; Doda, D. D.; Green, A. E. S.

    1979-01-01

    A method has been developed to determine total ozone from multispectral measurements of the direct solar irradiance. The total ozone is determined by a least squares fit to the spectrum between 290 nm and 380 nm. The aerosol extinction is accounted for by expanding it in a power series in wavelength; use of the linear term proved adequate. A mobile laboratory incorporating a sky scanner has been developed and used to obtain data to verify the method. Sun tracking, wavelength setting of the double monochromator, and data acquisition are under control of a minicomputer. Results obtained at Wallops Island, Virginia, and Palestine, Texas, agree well with simultaneous Dobson and Canterbury spectrometer and balloon ECC ozonesonde values. The wavelength calibration of the monochromator and the values for the normalized ozone absorption are the most important factors in an accurate determination of total ozone.

  18. Tritium Migration Analysis Program Version 4

    SciTech Connect

    Longhurst, G. R.; Harms, S. L.; Marwil, E. S.; Miller, B. G.

    1991-06-12

    TMAP4 was developed as a safety analysis code, mainly to analyze tritium retention and loss in fusion reactor structures and systems during normal operational and accident conditions. It incorporates one-dimensional thermal and mass-diffusive transport and trapping calculations through structures and zero dimensional fluid transport between enclosures and across the interface between enclosures and structures. Diffusion structures may be linked together with other structures, and multiple structures may interact with an enclosure. A key feature is the ability to input problem definition parameters as constants, interpolation tables, or FORTRAN equations. The code is specifically intended for use under a DOS operating system on PC type minicomputers, but it has also been run successfully on workstations and mainframe computer systems. Use of the equation-input feature requires access to a FORTRAN-77 compiler, and a linker program is required.

  19. The History of the Data Systems AutoChemist® (ACH) and AutoChemist-PRISMA (PRISMA®): from 1964 to 1986

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Summary Objectives This paper presents the history of data system development steps (1964 – 1986) for the clinical analyzers AutoChemist®, and its successor AutoChemist PRISMA® (PRogrammable Individually Selective Modular Analyzer). The paper also partly recounts the history of development steps of the minicomputer PDP 8 from Digital Equipment. The first PDP 8 had 4 core memory boards of 1 K each and was large as a typical oven baking sheet and about 10 years later, PDP 8 was a “one chip microcomputer” with a 32 K memory chip. The fast developments of PDP 8 come to have a strong influence on the development of the data system for AutoChemist. Five major releases of the software were made during this period (1-5 MIACH). Results The most important aims were not only to calculate the results, but also be able to monitor their quality and automatically manage the orders, store the results in digital form for later statistical analysis and distribute the results to the physician in charge of the patient using thesame computer as the analyzer. Another result of the data system was the ability to customize AutoChemist to handle sample identification by using bar codes and the presentation of results to different types of laboratories. Conclusions Digital Equipment launched the PDP 8 just as a new minicomputer was desperately needed. No other known alternatives were available at the time. This was to become a key success factor for AutoChemist. That the AutoChemist with such a high capacity required a computer for data collection was obvious already in the early 1960s. That computer development would be so rapid and that one would be able to accomplish so much with a data system was even suspicious at the time. In total, 75; AutoChemist (31) and PRISMA (44) were delivered Worldwide The last PRISMA was delivered in 1987 to the Veteran Hospital Houston, TX USA PMID:24853032

  20. Evolution of the Mobile Information SysTem (MIST)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Litaker, Harry L., Jr.; Thompson, Shelby; Archer, Ronald D.

    2008-01-01

    The Mobile Information SysTem (MIST) had its origins in the need to determine whether commercial off the shelf (COTS) technologies could improve intervehicular activities (IVA) on International Space Station (ISS) crew maintenance productivity. It began with an exploration of head mounted displays (HMDs), but quickly evolved to include voice recognition, mobile personal computing, and data collection. The unique characteristic of the MIST lies within its mobility, in which a vest is worn that contains a mini-computer and supporting equipment, and a headband with attachments for a HMD, lipstick camera, and microphone. Data is then captured directly by the computer running Morae(TM) or similar software for analysis. To date, the MIST system has been tested in numerous environments such as two parabolic flights on NASA's C-9 microgravity aircraft and several mockup facilities ranging from ISS to the Altair Lunar Sortie Lander. Functional capabilities have included its lightweight and compact design, commonality across systems and environments, and usefulness in remote collaboration. Human Factors evaluations of the system have proven the MIST's ability to be worn for long durations of time (approximately four continuous hours) with no adverse physical deficits, moderate operator compensation, and low workload being reported as measured by Corlett Bishop Discomfort Scale, Cooper-Harper Ratings, and the NASA Total Workload Index (TLX), respectively. Additionally, through development of the system, it has spawned several new applications useful in research. For example, by only employing the lipstick camera, microphone, and a compact digital video recorder (DVR), we created a portable, lightweight data collection device. Video is recorded from the participants point of view (POV) through the use of the camera mounted on the side of the head. Both the video and audio is recorded directly into the DVR located on a belt around the waist. This data is then transferred to another computer for video editing and analysis. Another application has been discovered using simulated flight, in which, a kneeboard is replaced with mini-computer and the HMD to project flight paths and glide slopes for lunar ascent. As technologies evolve, so will the system and its application for research and space system operations.

  1. Evaluation of three electronic report processing systems for preparing hydrologic reports of the U.S Geological Survey, Water Resources Division

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stiltner, G.J.

    1990-01-01

    In 1987, the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey undertook three pilot projects to evaluate electronic report processing systems as a means to improve the quality and timeliness of reports pertaining to water resources investigations. The three projects selected for study included the use of the following configuration of software and hardware: Ventura Publisher software on an IBM model AT personal computer, PageMaker software on a Macintosh computer, and FrameMaker software on a Sun Microsystems workstation. The following assessment criteria were to be addressed in the pilot studies: The combined use of text, tables, and graphics; analysis of time; ease of learning; compatibility with the existing minicomputer system; and technical limitations. It was considered essential that the camera-ready copy produced be in a format suitable for publication. Visual improvement alone was not a consideration. This report consolidates and summarizes the findings of the electronic report processing pilot projects. Text and table files originating on the existing minicomputer system were successfully transformed to the electronic report processing systems in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) format. Graphics prepared using a proprietary graphics software package were transferred to all the electronic report processing software through the use of Computer Graphic Metafiles. Graphics from other sources were entered into the systems by scanning paper images. Comparative analysis of time needed to process text and tables by the electronic report processing systems and by conventional methods indicated that, although more time is invested in creating the original page composition for an electronically processed report , substantial time is saved in producing subsequent reports because the format can be stored and re-used by electronic means as a template. Because of the more compact page layouts, costs of printing the reports were 15% to 25% less than costs of printing the reports prepared by conventional methods. Because the largest report workload in the offices conducting water resources investigations is preparation of Water-Resources Investigations Reports, Open-File Reports, and annual State Data Reports, the pilot studies only involved these projects. (USGS)

  2. An interferometric strain-displacement measurement system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sharpe, William N., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    A system for measuring the relative in-plane displacement over a gage length as short as 100 micrometers is described. Two closely spaced indentations are placed in a reflective specimen surface with a Vickers microhardness tester. Interference fringes are generated when they are illuminated with a He-Ne laser. As the distance between the indentations expands or contracts with applied load, the fringes move. This motion is monitored with a minicomputer-controlled system using linear diode arrays as sensors. Characteristics of the system are: (1) gage length ranging from 50 to 500 micrometers, but 100 micrometers is typical; (2) least-count resolution of approximately 0.0025 micrometer; and (3) sampling rate of 13 points per second. In addition, the measurement technique is non-contacting and non-reinforcing. It is useful for strain measurements over small gage lengths and for crack opening displacement measurements near crack tips. This report is a detailed description of a new system recently installed in the Mechanisms of Materials Branch at the NASA Langley Research Center. The intent is to enable a prospective user to evaluate the applicability of the system to a particular problem and assemble one if needed.

  3. Confocal Laser Microscope Scanning Applied To Three-Dimensional Studies Of Biological Specimens.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Franksson, Olof; Liljeborg, Anders; Carlsson, Kjell; Forsgren, Per-Ola

    1987-08-01

    The depth-discriminating property of confocal laser microscope scanners can be used to record the three-dimensional structure of specimens. A number of thin sections (approx. 1 ?m thick) can be recorded by a repeated process of image scanning and refocusing of the microscope. We have used a confocal microscope scanner in a number of feasibility studies to investigate its possibilities and limitations. It has proved to be well suited for examining fluorescent specimens with a complicated three-dimensional structure, such as nerve cells. It has also been used to study orchid seeds, as well as cell colonies, greatly facilitating evaluation of such specimens. Scanning of the specimens is performed by a focused laser beam that is deflected by rotating mirrors, and the reflected or fluorescent light from the specimen is detected. The specimen thus remains stationary during image scanning, and is only moved stepwise in the vertical direction for refocusing between successive sections. The scanned images consist of 256*256 or 512*512 pixels, each pixel containing 8 bits of data. After a scanning session a large number of digital images, representing consecutive sections of the specimen, are stored on a disk memory. In a typical case 200 such 256*256 images are stored. To display and process this information in a meaningful way requires both appropriate software and a powerful computer. The computer used is a 32-bits minicomputer equipped with an array processor (FPS 100). The necessary software was developed at our department.

  4. AESOP XX: summary of proceedings. [Gatlinburg, Tennessee, April 24 to 26, 1979

    SciTech Connect

    1980-03-01

    The 20th meeting of the Association for Energy Systems, Operations, and Programming (AESOP) was held in Gatlinburg, Tennessee, on April 24 to 26, 1979. Representatives of DOE Headquarters discussed the effects that new security and privacy regulations will have on automatic data processing operations. The status and future possibilities of the Business Management Information System (BMIS) were also discussed. Then representatives of various DOE offices and contractors presented reports on various topics. This report contains two-page summaries of the papers presented at the meeting. Session topics and titles of papers were as follows: Washington report (New ADP issues; BMIS: the Business Management Information System; Nuclear weapons and the computer); Improving the productivity of the computing analyst/programer (What productivity improvement tools are available; Rocky Flats experience with SDM/70; Albuquerque Operations Office experience with SDM/70; Planning and project management; Minicomputer standards and programer productivity; MRC productivity gains through applications development tools); User viewpoints and expectations of data processing (User perspectives on computer applications; User viewpoints on environmental studies; Planning and implementing a procurement system; Two sides of the DP coin); Data base management (Use of data base systems within DOE; Future trends in data base hardware; Future trends in data base software; Toward automating the data base design process); and Management discussions. Complete versions of three of the papers have already been cited in ERA. These can be located by reference to the entry CONF-790431-- in the Report Number Index. (RWR)

  5. Text processing for technical reports (direct computer-assisted origination, editing, and output of text)

    SciTech Connect

    De Volpi, A.; Fenrick, M. R.; Stanford, G. S.; Fink, C. L.; Rhodes, E. A.

    1980-10-01

    Documentation often is a primary residual of research and development. Because of this important role and because of the large amount of time consumed in generating technical reports, particularly those containing formulas and graphics, an existing data-processing computer system has been adapted so as to provide text-processing of technical documents. Emphasis has been on accuracy, turnaround time, and time savings for staff and secretaries, for the types of reports normally produced in the reactor development program. The computer-assisted text-processing system, called TXT, has been implemented to benefit primarily the originator of technical reports. The system is of particular value to professional staff, such as scientists and engineers, who have responsibility for generating much correspondence or lengthy, complex reports or manuscripts - especially if prompt turnaround and high accuracy are required. It can produce text that contains special Greek or mathematical symbols. Written in FORTRAN and MACRO, the program TXT operates on a PDP-11 minicomputer under the RSX-11M multitask multiuser monitor. Peripheral hardware includes videoterminals, electrostatic printers, and magnetic disks. Either data- or word-processing tasks may be performed at the terminals. The repertoire of operations has been restricted so as to minimize user training and memory burden. Spectarial staff may be readily trained to make corrections from annotated copy. Some examples of camera-ready copy are provided.

  6. The impact of dental devices on neurostimulators.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Steven; Vender, John R; Causey, Mark S; Roberts, Jefferson R; Loushine, Robert J; Morris, Walter J; Looney, Stephen W

    2009-03-01

    Spinal cord stimulation has been a therapeutic option for chronic pain for over 40 years. The neurostimulator (NS) is a device consisting of three primary components: an electrode array configured either as a paddle or wire; an implantable pulse generator (IPG) consisting of a minicomputer, a transceiver/antenna, an electrical generator, and a battery; and insulated wiring connecting the electrode to the IPG. The electrode array can be implanted into the epidural space overlying the dorsal spinal cord or along a peripheral nerve. The device generates pulsed electrical signals that stimulate the underlying dorsal columns of the spinal cord resulting in the perception of paresthesia by the patient. When overlapped with painful areas, the paresthesia can help decrease the patient's level of pain. The increased applications and indications for this technology enhance the likelihood that the NS patient will be seen in the dental practice. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether electromagnetic interference of the NS occurred during the operation of the apex locator, the electric pulp tester (EPT), or the electrocautery unit. An NS was implanted into the epidural space of a human cadaver. The dental devices were used intraorally, and the implant's circuitry was tested after each trial. Two apex locators, two EPTs, and one electrocautery unit were tested. Seventy trials were used by each dental device on each tissue. Using the exact binomial method of determining confidence intervals, the probability of damage to the NS by any of the devices was negligible. PMID:19249609

  7. Myocardial dysfunction following motor vehicle accidents

    SciTech Connect

    Harley, D.P.; Mena, I.G.; Maublant, J.; Nelson, R.J.

    1984-01-01

    Blunt chest trauma (BCT), with a high frequency of myocardial contusion, is a frequent complication of a large number of motor vehicle accidents (MVA). The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence and significance of this mechanism of myocardial damage. Left and right rest first pass radionuclide angiography (RNA) was performed 1-2 days following BCT in 74 consecutive patients. Serial ECG and CPK MB enzymes were determined. RNA was determined supine in 30/sup 0/ RAO projection following bolus injection of technetium-99m pertechnetate and acquired in list mode into a minicomputer. Right and left ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF and LVEF) and LV wall motion were determined (LVWM). 8/12 patients with abnormal acute RNA became normal in 30 days (72%). The high incidence of abnormalities noted on RNA and its reversibility after one month suggests the method as a very sensitive indicator of myocardial dysfunction following blunt chest trauma in MVA. The frequency of abnormalities of LVWM in patients with abnormal LVEF is consistent with focal direct injury and is considered a risk factor for emergency surgery.

  8. Voice Controlled Wheelchair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    Michael Condon, a quadraplegic from Pasadena, California, demonstrates the NASA-developed voice-controlled wheelchair and its manipulator, which can pick up packages, open doors, turn a TV knob, and perform a variety of other functions. A possible boon to paralyzed and other severely handicapped persons, the chair-manipulator system responds to 35 one-word voice commands, such as "go," "stop," "up," "down," "right," "left," "forward," "backward." The heart of the system is a voice-command analyzer which utilizes a minicomputer. Commands are taught I to the computer by the patient's repeating them a number of times; thereafter the analyzer recognizes commands only in the patient's particular speech pattern. The computer translates commands into electrical signals which activate appropriate motors and cause the desired motion of chair or manipulator. Based on teleoperator and robot technology for space-related programs, the voice-controlled system was developed by Jet Propulsion Laboratory under the joint sponsorship of NASA and the Veterans Administration. The wheelchair-manipulator has been tested at Rancho Los Amigos Hospital, Downey, California, and is being evaluated at the VA Prosthetics Center in New York City.

  9. Matched filters for bin picking.

    PubMed

    Dessimoz, J D; Birk, J R; Kelley, R B; Martins, H A; Lin, C

    1984-06-01

    Currently, a major difficulty for the widespread use of robots in assembly and material handling comes from the necessity of feeding accurately positioned workpieces to robots. ``Bin picking'' techniques help reduce this constraint. This paper presents the application of matched filters for enabling robots with vision to acquire workpieces randomly stored in bins. This approach complements heuristic methods already reported. The concept of matched filter is an old one. Here, however, it is redefined to take into account robot end-effector features, in terms of geometry and mechanics. In particular, the proposed filters match local workpiece structures where the robot end-effector is likely to grasp successfully and hold workpieces. The local nature of the holdsites is very important as computation costs are shown to vary with the fifth power of structure size. In addition, the proposed filters tend to have a narrow angular bandwidth. An example, which features a parallel-jaw hand is developed in detail, using both statistical and Fourier models. Both approaches concur in requiring a very small number of filters (typically four), even if a good orientation accuracy is expected (two degrees). Success rates of about 90 percent in three or fewer attempts have been experimentally obtained on a system which includes a small minicomputer, a 128 × 128 pixel solidstate camera, a prototype Cartesian robot, and a ``universal'' parallel-jaw hand. PMID:22499650

  10. Review of the Water Resources Information System of Argentina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hutchison, N.E.

    1987-01-01

    A representative of the U.S. Geological Survey traveled to Buenos Aires, Argentina, in November 1986, to discuss water information systems and data bank implementation in the Argentine Government Center for Water Resources Information. Software has been written by Center personnel for a minicomputer to be used to manage inventory (index) data and water quality data. Additional hardware and software have been ordered to upgrade the existing computer. Four microcomputers, statistical and data base management software, and network hardware and software for linking the computers have also been ordered. The Center plans to develop a nationwide distributed data base for Argentina that will include the major regional offices as nodes. Needs for continued development of the water resources information system for Argentina were reviewed. Identified needs include: (1) conducting a requirements analysis to define the content of the data base and insure that all user requirements are met, (2) preparing a plan for the development, implementation, and operation of the data base, and (3) developing a conceptual design to inform all development personnel and users of the basic functionality planned for the system. A quality assurance and configuration management program to provide oversight to the development process was also discussed. (USGS)

  11. A geographic information system for resource managers based on multi-level remote sensing data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wheeler, D. J.; Ridd, M. K.

    1984-01-01

    Procedures followed in developing a test case geographic information system derived primarily from remotely sensed data for the North Cache Soil Conservation District (SCD) in northern Utah are outlined. The North Cache SCD faces serious problems regarding water allocation, flood and geologic hazards, urban encroachment into prime farmland, soil erosion, and wildlife habitat. Four fundamental data planes were initially entered into the geo-referenced data base: (1) land use/land cover information for the agricultural and built-up areas of the valley obtained from various forms of aerial photography; (2) vegetation/land cover in mountains classified digitally from LANDSAT; (3) geomorphic terrain units derived from aerial photography and soil maps; and (4) digital terrain maps obtained from DMA digital data. The land use/vegetation/land cover information from manual photographic and LANDSAT interpretation were joined digitally into a single data plane with an integrated legend, and segmented into quadrangle units. These were merged with the digitized geomorphic units and the digital terrain data using a Prime 400 minicomputer. All data planes were geo-referenced to a UTM coordinate grid.

  12. A geographic information system for resource managers based on multi-level remote sensing data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wheeler, D. J.; Ridd, M. K.

    1985-01-01

    Procedures followed in developing a test case geographic information system derived primarily from remotely sensed data for the North Cache Soil Conservation District (SCD) in northern Utah are outlined. The North Cache SCD faces serious problems regarding water allocation, flood and geologic hazards, urban encroachment into prime farmland, soil erosion, and wildlife habitat. Four fundamental data planes were initially entered into the geo-referenced data base: (1) land use/land cover information for the agricultural and built-up areas of the valley obtained from various forms of aerial photography; (2) vegetation/land cover in mountains classified digitally from Landsat; (3) geomorphic terrain units derived from aerial photography and soil maps; and (4) digital terrain maps obtained from DMA digital data. The land use/vegetation/land cover information from manual photographic and Landsat interpretation were joined digitally into a single data plane with an integrated legend, and segmented into quadrangle units. These were merged with the digitized geomorphic units and the digital terrain data using a Prime 400 minicomputer. All data planes were geo-referenced to a UTM coordinate grid.

  13. Evaluating Computer Capabilities in a Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network

    PubMed Central

    Ariza, Adolfo J.; Binns, Helen J.; Christoffel, Katherine Kaufer

    2004-01-01

    PURPOSE We wanted to assess computer capabilities in a primary care practice-based research network and to understand how receptive the practices were to new ideas for automation of practice activities and research. METHOD This study was conducted among members of the Pediatric Practice Research Group (PPRG). A survey to assess computer capabilities was developed to explore hardware types, software programs, Internet connectivity and data transmission; views on privacy and security; and receptivity to future electronic data collection approaches. RESULTS Of the 40 PPRG practices participating in the study during the autumn of 2001, all used IBM-compatible systems. Of these, 45% used stand-alone desktops, 40% had networked desktops, and approximately 15% used laptops and minicomputers. A variety of software packages were used, with most practices (82%) having software for some aspect of patient care documentation, patient accounting (90%), business support (60%), and management reports and analysis (97%). The main obstacles to expanding use of computers in patient care were insufficient staff training (63%) and privacy concerns (82%). If provided with training and support, most practices indicated they were willing to consider an array of electronic data collection options for practice-based research activities. CONCLUSIONS There is wide variability in hardware and software use in the pediatric practice setting. Implementing electronic data collection in the PPRG would require a substantial start-up effort and ongoing training and support at the practice site. PMID:15506573

  14. Operational Performance Of Optical Disk Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ammon, G. J.; Calabria, J. A.

    1985-04-01

    Two optical disk "jukebox" mass memory storage systems have been developed that provide access to any data in a store of 1013 bits (1250 Gbytes) within six seconds. These engineering models have been developed under a program sponsored by the Air Force and NASA ana have recently been delivered to testbed facilities -- one to NASA Marshall Space Flight Center and one to the AF Rome Air Development Center. Each system contains a library of 125 optical disks with mechanisms for retrieving any disk, and recording or playing digital data at 50 Mb/s. Disks in protective cartridges are moved from the store to a load station, which then mounts the disks onto a precision turntable. Still in the cartridge, they are spun up to speed and data is recorded or played back via focused laser beams. The major emphasis in both the NASA and Air Force jukebox optical disk systems has been reliability of operation. Enhancements of the mechanical, electrical, and software designs have been implemented to minimize the user downtime in an operating scenario. The NASA system will interface to a database management system using a fiber optics data bus, while the Air Force system will interface to a DEC VAX 11/750 minicomputer. Both systems will store digitized imagery and provide fast access to a huge store of such images.

  15. David Florida Laboratory Thermal Vacuum Data Processing System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Choueiry, Elie

    1994-01-01

    During 1991, the Space Simulation Facility conducted a survey to assess the requirements and analyze the merits for purchasing a new thermal vacuum data processing system for its facilities. A new, integrated, cost effective PC-based system was purchased which uses commercial off-the-shelf software for operation and control. This system can be easily reconfigured and allows its users to access a local area network. In addition, it provides superior performance compared to that of the former system which used an outdated mini-computer and peripheral hardware. This paper provides essential background on the old data processing system's features, capabilities, and the performance criteria that drove the genesis of its successor. This paper concludes with a detailed discussion of the thermal vacuum data processing system's components, features, and its important role in supporting our space-simulation environment and our capabilities for spacecraft testing. The new system was tested during the ANIK E spacecraft test, and was fully operational in November 1991.

  16. Development of a microcomputer data base of manufacturing, installation, and operating experience for the NSSS designer

    SciTech Connect

    Borchers, W.A.; Markowski, E.S.

    1986-01-01

    Future nuclear steam supply systems (NSSSs) will be designed in an environment of powerful micro hardware and software and these systems will be linked by local area networks (LAN). With such systems, individual NSSS designers and design groups will establish and maintain local data bases to replace existing manual files and data sources. One such effort of this type in Combustion Engineering's (C-E's) NSSS engineering organization is the establishment of a data base of historical manufacturing, installation, and operating experience to provide designers with information to improve on current designs and practices. In contrast to large mainframe or minicomputer data bases, which compile industry-wide data, the data base described here is implemented on a microcomputer, is design specific, and contains a level of detail that is of interest to system and component designers. DBASE III, a popular microcomputer data base management software package, is used. In addition to the immediate benefits provided by the data base, the development itself provided a vehicle for identifying procedural and control aspects that need to be addressed in the environment of local microcomputer data bases. This paper describes the data base and provides some observations on the development, use, and control of local microcomputer data bases in a design organization.

  17. History of Robotic and Remotely Operated Telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Genet, Russell M.

    2011-03-01

    While automated instrument sequencers were employed on solar eclipse expeditions in the late 1800s, it wasn't until the 1960s that Art Code and associates at Wisconsin used a PDP minicomputer to automate an 8-inch photometric telescope. Although this pioneering project experienced frequent equipment failures and was shut down after a couple of years, it paved the way for the first space telescopes. Reliable microcomputers initiated the modern era of robotic telescopes. Louis Boyd and I applied single board microcomputers with 64K of RAM and floppy disk drives to telescope automation at the Fairborn Observatory, achieving reliable, fully robotic operation in 1983 that has continued uninterrupted for 28 years. In 1985 the Smithsonian Institution provided us with a suburb operating location on Mt. Hopkins in southern Arizona, while the National Science Foundation funded additional telescopes. Remote access to our multiple robotic telescopes at the Fairborn Observatory began in the late 1980s. The Fairborn Observatory, with its 14 fully robotic telescopes and staff of two (one full and one part time) illustrates the potential for low operating and maintenance costs. As the information capacity of the Internet has expanded, observational modes beyond simple differential photometry opened up, bringing us to the current era of real-time remote access to remote observatories and global observatory networks. Although initially confined to smaller telescopes, robotic operation and remote access are spreading to larger telescopes as telescopes from afar becomes the normal mode of operation.

  18. Compact, high-speed algorithm for laying out printed circuit board runs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zapolotskiy, D. Y.

    1985-09-01

    A high speed printed circuit connection layout algorithm is described which was developed within the framework of an interactive system for designing two-sided printed circuit broads. For this reason, algorithm speed was considered, a priori, as a requirement equally as important as the inherent demand for minimizing circuit run lengths and the number of junction openings. This resulted from the fact that, in order to provide psychological man/machine compatibility in the design process, real-time dialog during the layout phase is possible only within limited time frames (on the order of several seconds) for each circuit run. The work was carried out for use on an ARM-R automated work site complex based on an SM-4 minicomputer with a 32K-word memory. This limited memory capacity heightened the demand for algorithm speed and also tightened data file structure and size requirements. The layout algorithm's design logic is analyzed. The structure and organization of the data files are described.

  19. High strain rate properties of unidirectional composites, part 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Daniel, I. M.

    1991-01-01

    Experimental methods were developed for testing and characterization of composite materials at strain rates ranging from quasi-static to over 500 s(sup -1). Three materials were characterized, two graphite/epoxies and a graphite/S-glass/epoxy. Properties were obtained by testing thin rings 10.16 cm (4 in.) in diameter, 2.54 cm (1 in.) wide, and six to eight plies thick under internal pressure. Unidirectional 0 degree, 90 degree, and 10 degree off-axis rings were tested to obtain longitudinal, transverse, and in-plane shear properties. In the dynamic tests internal pressure was applied explosively through a liquid and the pressure was measured with a calibrated steel ring. Strains in the calibration and specimen rings were recorded with a digital processing oscilloscope. The data were processed and the equation of motion solved numerically by the mini-computer attached to the oscilloscope. Results were obtained and plotted in the form of dynamic stress-strain curves. Longitudinal properties which are governed by the fibers do not vary much with strain rate with only a moderate (up to 20 percent) increase in modulus. Transverse modulus and strength increase sharply with strain rate reaching values up to three times the static values. The in-plane shear modulus and shear strength increase noticeably with strain rate by up to approximately 65 percent. In all cases ultimate strains do not vary significantly with strain rates.

  20. Development of a remote control console for the HHIRF 25-MV tandem accelerator

    SciTech Connect

    Hasanul Basher, A.M.

    1991-09-01

    The CAMAC-based control system for the 25-MV Tandem Accelerator at HHIRF uses two Perkin-Elmer, 32-bit minicomputers: a message-switching computer and a supervisory computer. Two operator consoles are located on one of the six serial highways. Operator control is provided by means of a console CRT, trackball, assignable shaft encoders and meters. The message-switching computer transmits and receives control information on the serial highways. At present, the CRT pages with updated parameters can be displayed and parameters can be controlled only from the two existing consoles, one in the Tandem control room and the other in the ORIC control room. It has become necessary to expand the control capability to several other locations in the building. With the expansion of control and monitoring capability of accelerator parameters to other locations, the operators will be able to control and observe the result of the control action at the same time. Since the new control console will be PC-based, the existing page format will be changed. The PC will be communicating with the Perkin-Elmer through RS-232 and a communication software package. Hardware configuration has been established, a communication software program that reads the pages from the shared memory has been developed. In this paper, we present the implementation strategy, works completed, existing and new page format, future action plans, explanation of pages and use of related global variables, a sample session, and flowcharts.

  1. Automated COBOL code generation for SNAP-I CAI development and maintenance procedures

    SciTech Connect

    Buhrmaster, M.A.; Duncan, L.D.; Hume, R.; Huntley, A.F.

    1988-07-01

    In designing and implementing a computer aided instruction (CAI) prototype for the Navy Management System Support Office (NAVMASSO) as part of the Shipboard Nontactical ADP Program (SNAP), Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel developed techniques for automating the production of COBOL source code for CAI applications. This report discusses the techniques applied, which incorporate the use of a database management system (DBMS) to store, access, and manipulate the data necessary for producing COBOL source code automatically. The objective for developing the code generation techniques is to allow for the production of future applications in an efficient and reliable manner. This report covers the standards and conventions defined, database tables created, and the host language interface program used for generating COBOL source files. The approach is responsible for producing 85 percent of an 830,000 line COBOL application, in approximately one year's time. This code generation program generated transaction processing routines to be executed under the DM6TP NAVMASSO distributed processing environment on the Honeywell DPS-6 minicomputers, representing the standard SNAP-I environment.

  2. Sonic inspection of concrete bridge decks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Costley, R. Daniel; Boudreaux, Gary; Ramsey, William Gene

    2003-10-01

    One technique for determining the integrity of concrete structures, such as bridge decks, involves dragging a chain across it and listening to the audible response. A distinctive, hollow sound is produced when a chain is dragged over a section of concrete containing a delamination. This technique has been automated by recording the sound produced by a dragging chain with a suitable microphone and processing these signals with a minicomputer to distinguish between ``good'' and ``bad'' sections of concrete. The equipment is mounted on a hand-pushed cart with chains attached so that they drag along the surface of the deck. In addition, the microphone is mounted in such a way, using standard noise control techniques, so that external noise is minimized. Traffic noise is filtered electronically. These improvements make the technique operator independent and allow inspections to be made in noisy environments. Another advantage is that this approach produces an objective record of the inspection, available both electronically and in hardcopy. These records can be compared to past and future inspections, allowing the inspectors to monitor the health of the structure. Results from bridge deck inspections will be presented, along with a description of the device and the signal processing techniques.

  3. SCAILET - An intelligent assistant for satellite ground terminal operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shahidi, A. K.; Crapo, J. A.; Schlegelmilch, R. F.; Reinhart, R. C.; Petrik, E. J.; Walters, J. L.; Jones, R. E.

    1992-01-01

    Space communication artificial intelligence for the link evaluation terminal (SCAILET) is an experimenter interface to the link evaluation terminal (LET) developed by NASA through the application of artificial intelligence to an advanced ground terminal. The high-burst-rate (HBR) LET provides the required capabilities for wideband communications experiments with the advanced communications technology satellite (ACTS). The HBR-LET terminal consists of seven major subsystems and is controlled and monitored by a minicomputer through an IEEE-488 or RS-232 interface. Programming scripts configure HBR-LET and allow data acquisition but are difficult to use and therefore the full capabilities of the system are not utilized. An intelligent assistant module was developed as part of the SCAILET module and solves problems encountered during configuration of the HBR-LET system. This assistant is a graphical interface with an expert system running in the background and allows users to configure instrumentation, program sequences and reference documentation. The simplicity of use makes SCAILET a superior interface to the ASCII terminal and continuous monitoring allows nearly flawless configuration and execution of HBR-LET experiments.

  4. Engineering information management in a distributed environment

    SciTech Connect

    Trost, S.R.

    1986-07-10

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's (LLNL) Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) project's goal is to implement a wide variety of Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) systems to support our engineering staff. As we move to routine operation, we are addressing the problems of integrated information flow. This paper describes how Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), analysis, and information systems interact and provide vital information, such as drawing release status, production job information, and analytical data. LLNL's information systems must handle a wide spectrum of classified and unclassified data in both paper and electronic form. The range of systems includes terminals, PC's, minicomputers, networks, and mainframe supercomputers. A natural progression toward stand alone engineering workstations, PC based CAD systems, and multiple vendors is occurring. Thus, we are taking steps to ensure that we retain system compatibility. Many such information systems have been attempted. Because results have not always been positive, we are using a pragmatic bottoms up approach to assure success. By beginning with small subsystems, and progressing to full integration, we ensure smooth information flow and provide users with information necessary for decision making. The path to data integration is strewn with obstacles and hazards. We describe many of these and the steps we are taking to remove them.

  5. A new approach for data acquisition at the JPL space simulators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fisher, Terry C.

    1992-11-01

    In 1990, a personal computer based data acquisition system was put into service for the Space Simulators and Environmental Test Laboratory at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. The new system replaced an outdated minicomputer system which had been in use since 1980. This new data acquisition system was designed and built by JPL for the specific task of acquiring thermal test data in support of space simulation and thermal vacuum testing at JPL. The data acquisition system was designed using powerful personal computers and local-area-network (LAN) technology. Reliability, expandability, and maintainability were some of the most important criteria in the design of the data system and in the selection of hardware and software components. The data acquisition system is used to record both test chamber operational data and thermal data from the unit under test. Tests are conducted in numerous small thermal vacuum chambers and in the large solar simulator and range in size from individual components using only 2 or 3 thermocouples to entire planetary spacecraft requiring in excess of 1200 channels of test data. The system supports several of these tests running concurrently. The previous data system is described along with reasons for its replacement, the types of data acquired, the new data system, and the benefits obtained from the new system including information on tests performed to date.

  6. Adaptation of the Reitboeck method of multiple microelectrode recording to the neocortex of the waking monkey.

    PubMed

    Mountcastle, V B; Reitboeck, H J; Poggio, G F; Steinmetz, M A

    1991-01-01

    We adapted to the neocortex of waking monkeys a method for multiple microelectrode recording devised by Reitboeck. A sliding platform allows micropositioning of 7 electrodes independently, in 2 microns steps. Microelectrodes are quartz glass filaments (80 microns o.d.) with central metal cores (30 microns) of tungsten-platinum alloy. Filaments are drawn in a high temperature chamber, and ground to the desired form and tip size. The microdrive is held over the region to be explored, and the microelectrodes passed through 300 microns o.d. guide tubes fixed in implant thimbles of chosen size an and x - y arrangement of tubes, sealed by an O-ring into a small craniotomy opening. A microprocessor controlled recording system provides gain, noise and wave-shape filtering, impedance testing, and differential amplitude discrimination for each channel. Electrode movement is obtained via the microprocessor which displays and updates on the console terminal the electrode depth, impedance, and the channel assignment of each electrode. A second microprocessor based system is used to collect, buffer, and encode in real time all event data, which are transferred whenever convenient to a minicomputer that controls the experiment. Exploratory recordings were made in the posterior parietal, somatic sensory, and motor cortical areas. The system has now been used successfully in a number of investigations. PMID:2062112

  7. Multi-site magnetotelluric measurement system with real-time data analysis. Final technical report No. 210

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, J.D.; Bostick, F.X. Jr.; Smith, H.W.

    1981-09-01

    A magnetotelluric measurement system has been designed to provide a more cost effective electrical method for geothermal and mineral exploration. The theoretical requirements and sensitivities of the magnetotelluric inversion process were specifically addressed in determining system performance requirements. Significantly reduced instrument noise levels provide improved data quality, and simultaneous measurement at up to six locations provides reduced cost per site. Remotely located, battery powered, instrumentation packages return data to a central controlling site through a 2560 baud wire-line or radio link. Each remote package contains preamplifiers, data conditioning filters, and a 12-bit gain ranging A-D converter for frequencies from 0.001 Hz to 8 Hz. Data frequencies above 8 Hz are processed sequentially by a heterodyne receiver to reduce bandwidth to within the limits of the 2560 baud data link. The central data collection site provides overall control for the entire system. The system operator interacts with the system through a CRT terminal, and he receives hard copy from a matrix graphics printer. Data from the remote packages may be recorded in time sequence on a magnetic tape cartridge system, or an optional Hewlett-Packard 21MX minicomputer can be used to perform real-time frequency analysis. The results of this analysis provide feedback to the operator for improved evaluation of system performance and for selection of future measurement sites.

  8. Commercial space development needs cheap launchers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benson, James William

    1998-01-01

    SpaceDev is in the market for a deep space launch, and we are not going to pay $50 million for it. There is an ongoing debate about the elasticity of demand related to launch costs. On the one hand there are the ``big iron'' NASA and DoD contractors who say that there is no market for small or inexpensive launchers, that lowering launch costs will not result in significantly more launches, and that the current uncompetitive pricing scheme is appropriate. On the other hand are commercial companies which compete in the real world, and who say that there would be innumerable new launches if prices were to drop dramatically. I participated directly in the microcomputer revolution, and saw first hand what happened to the big iron computer companies who failed to see or heed the handwriting on the wall. We are at the same stage in the space access revolution that personal computers were in the late '70s and early '80s. The global economy is about to be changed in ways that are just as unpredictable as those changes wrought after the introduction of the personal computer. Companies which fail to innovate and keep producing only big iron will suffer the same fate as IBM and all the now-extinct mainframe and minicomputer companies. A few will remain, but with a small share of the market, never again to be in a position to dominate.

  9. Pressure Measurement Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1990-01-01

    System 8400 is an advanced system for measurement of gas and liquid pressure, along with a variety of other parameters, including voltage, frequency and digital inputs. System 8400 offers exceptionally high speed data acquisition through parallel processing, and its modular design allows expansion from a relatively inexpensive entry level system by the addition of modular Input Units that can be installed or removed in minutes. Douglas Juanarena was on the team of engineers that developed a new technology known as ESP (electronically scanned pressure). The Langley ESP measurement system was based on miniature integrated circuit pressure-sensing transducers that communicated pressure information to a minicomputer. In 1977, Juanarena formed PSI to exploit the NASA technology. In 1978 he left Langley, obtained a NASA license for the technology, introduced the first commercial product, the 780B pressure measurement system. PSI developed a pressure scanner for automation of industrial processes. Now in its second design generation, the DPT-6400 is capable of making 2,000 measurements a second and has 64 channels by addition of slave units. New system 8400 represents PSI's bid to further exploit the 600 million U.S. industrial pressure measurement market. It is geared to provide a turnkey solution to physical measurement.

  10. A five-collector system for the simultaneous measurement of argon isotope ratios in a static mass spectrometer

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stacey, J.S.; Sherrill, N.D.; Dalrymple, G.B.; Lanphere, M.A.; Carpenter, N.V.

    1981-01-01

    A system is described that utilizes five separate Faraday-cup collector assemblies, aligned along the focal plane of a mass spectrometer, to collect simultaneous argon ion beams at masses 36-40. Each collector has its own electrometer amplifier and analog-to-digital measuring channel, the outputs of which are processed by a minicomputer that also controls the mass spectrometer. The mass spectrometer utilizes a 90?? sector magnetic analyzer with a radius of 23 cm, in which some degree of z-direction focussing is provided for all the ion beams by the fringe field of the magnet. Simultaneous measurement of the ion beams helps to eliminate mass-spectrometer memory as a significant source of measurement error during an analysis. Isotope ratios stabilize between 7 and 9 s after sample admission into the spectrometer, and thereafter changes in the measured ratios are linear, typically to within ??0.02%. Thus the multi-collector arrangement permits very short extrapolation times for computation of initial ratios, and also provides the advantages of simultaneous measurement of the ion currents in that errors due to variations in ion beam intensity are minimized. A complete analysis takes less than 10 min, so that sample throughput can be greatly enhanced. In this instrument, the factor limiting analytical precision now lies in short-term apparent variations in the interchannel calibration factors. ?? 1981.

  11. Evaluation of an electro-optic remote displacement measuring system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Monteith, J. H.; Kroen, M. L.

    1982-01-01

    An instrumentation system to provide a noncontact method for measurement of target positions was evaluated. The system employs two electro-optic camera units which give stereo information for use in determining three dimensional target locations. Specially developed, infrared sensitive photodetectors are used in the cameras to sense radiation from light emitting diode targets. Up to 30 of these targets can be monitored with a sampling rate of 312 Hz per target. An important part of the system is a minicomputer which is used to collect the camera data, sort it, make corrections for distortions in the electro-optic system, and perform the necesssary coordinate transformations. If target motions are restricted to locations in a plane which is perpendicular to a camera's optical axis, the system can be used with just one camera. Calibrations performed in this mode characterize accuracies in single camera operation. This information is also useful in determination of single camera contributions to total system errors. For this reason the system was tested in both the single camera and two camera (stereo) modes of operation.

  12. WATEQ4F - a personal computer Fortran translation of the geochemical model WATEQ2 with revised data base

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ball, J.W.; Nordstrom, D.K.; Zachmann, D.W.

    1987-01-01

    A FORTRAN 77 version of the PL/1 computer program for the geochemical model WATEQ2, which computes major and trace element speciation and mineral saturation for natural waters has been developed. The code (WATEQ4F) has been adapted to execute on an IBM PC or compatible microcomputer. Two versions of the code are available, one operating with IBM Professional FORTRAN and an 8087 or 89287 numeric coprocessor, and one which operates without a numeric coprocessor using Microsoft FORTRAN 77. The calculation procedure is identical to WATEQ2, which has been installed on many mainframes and minicomputers. Limited data base revisions include the addition of the following ions: AlHS04(++), BaS04, CaHS04(++), FeHS04(++), NaF, SrC03, and SrHCO3(+). This report provides the reactions and references for the data base revisions, instructions for program operation, and an explanation of the input and output files. Attachments contain sample output from three water analyses used as test cases and the complete FORTRAN source listing. U.S. Geological Survey geochemical simulation program PHREEQE and mass balance program BALANCE also have been adapted to execute on an IBM PC or compatible microcomputer with a numeric coprocessor and the IBM Professional FORTRAN compiler. (Author 's abstract)

  13. Computer-assisted instruction in surgery.

    PubMed

    Halverson, J D; Ballinger, W F

    1978-06-01

    Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is an educational medium which provides a highly interactive, adaptive, and individualized learning experience for the student or physician. A CAI system has benn developed to prepare a curriculum in general surgery. The surgical seminars written on this system have been used enthusiastically by students, residents, and interns for the past 18 months. Using a computer terminal (printer or television screen) connected by telephone to a minicomputer, the user participates in simulated seminars with the authors, viewing information and answering questions based on the material presented. The student responds by typing the answer in his own words, and the computer (author) responds with further information designed specifically for that answer. This response may support or contest what the student said, may branch the student to material covered previously, or instead may lead the student through as much remedial material as he needs. A more sophisticated student will progress rapidly through the seminar. Twenty-five surgeon/authors (at 15 medical schools) are preparing seminars, and it is planned that a complete library in general surgery will be available to departments of surgery nationally by September, 1978, via the Health Education Network. PMID:347616

  14. Data processing system for the centre of nutrition and metabolic diseases.

    PubMed

    Ionescu, T; Che?a, D; Mincu, I

    1981-01-01

    The paper is devoted to the functional specification and the architecture of a data processing system to database generation and management within the Centre of Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases in Bucharest. The main operations performed by the system refer to: -Patient admission. A patient file which is created for any new patient, contains all the details hitherto included in the patient registration form. -File update, carried out periodically or whenever required. Any new relevant detail is added to the existing file in a conversational manner. -Report generation. The reports are produced periodically or upon request. -Inventory and stock control concerning the drugs dispensed free of charge. -Data processing and classification. -Creation and retrieval of patient archives. -Display on request of the various details contained by the patient file. The described system can be implemented on an INDEPENDENT 1-100 general purpose minicomputer, having a main memory of 96 words. The disc-based AMS operating system is used. The system operates in real time, although off-line background jobs can be run in order to assist the scientific work. A FORTRAN compiler is part of the operating system. PMID:7268285

  15. Quantitative scintigraphy with deconvolutional analysis for the dynamic measurement of hepatic function

    SciTech Connect

    Tagge, E.P.; Campbell, D.A. Jr.; Reichle, R.; Averill, D.R. Jr.; Merion, R.M.; Dafoe, D.C.; Turcotte, J.G.; Juni, J.E.

    1987-06-01

    A mathematical technique known as deconvolutional analysis was used to provide a critical and previously missing element in the computations required to quantitate hepatic function scintigraphically. This computer-assisted technique allowed for the determination of the time required, in minutes, of a labeled bilirubin analog (/sup 99m/Tc-disofenin) to enter the liver via blood and exit via bile. This interval was referred to as the mean transit time (MTT). The critical process provided for by deconvolution is the mathematical simulation of a bolus injection of tracer directly into the afferent blood supply of the liver. The raw data required for this simulation are obtained from the intravenous injection of labeled disofenin, a member of the HIDA family of radiopharmaceuticals. In this study, we perform experiments which document that the simulation process itself is accurate. We then calculate the MTT under a variety of experimental conditions involving progressive hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury and correlate these results with the results of simultaneously performed BSP determinations and hepatic histology. The experimental group with the most pronounced histologic findings (necrosis, vacuolization, disorganization of hepatic cords) also have the most prolonged MTT and BSP half-life. However, both quantitative imaging and BSP testing are able to identify milder degrees of hepatic ischemic injury not reflected in the histologic evaluation. Quantitative imaging with deconvolutional analysis is a technique easily adaptable to the standard nuclear medicine minicomputer. It provides rapid results and appears to be a sensitive monitor of hepatic functional disturbances resulting from ischemia and reperfusion.

  16. Applications manual for analyzing landfill methane-recovery data using the Computer Analysis of Field Data (CAFD) interactive graphics system

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-07-01

    Computer Analysis of Field Data (CAFD) is an interactive computer software system that was developed to analyze and display data obtained during field monitoring studies associated with recovery of methane from landfills. The software is written in Basic for use on a Tektronix 4054 dynamic graphics minicomputer and display terminal. Required peripherals include a single floopy disk drive, a digitizing tablet, a hard-copy unit, and an x-y plotter. The analysis portion of the software compares and statistically correlates data sets and performs interpolation and filtering of data as a function of time. The display portion of the software presents data at particular sampling points as a function of time and presents contour and olbique plots of data at sampling points located in a two-dimensional grid pattern. The applications manual contains four separate but interrelated sections: an engineer's application guide, an overview of the CAFD interactive graphics system, and operator's manual, and instructions for creating data files and site maps.

  17. Low-cost log analysis using a graphics-based microcomputer and off-the-shelf software. Part 2. Extending spreadsheet templates with interactive graphics tools

    SciTech Connect

    Whittaker, A.

    1988-08-01

    While the PC user remained in an MS-DOS-dominated world there appeared to be only two choices for the personal log analysis system. So-called entry level log analysis workstations, though based on a low-cost PC-Compatible CPU, because useful only when augmented with several thousand dollars worth of peripheral hardware: graphics and color cards, expansion memory, high-resolution monitor, plotter, film recorder, etc. Software upgrades, maintenance and training contributed to bringing the system into the range of larger minicomputer-based workstation, in price if not, unfortunately, in performance. Several stand-alone packages are available, which may be run on a standard unadorned PC - truly low cost software capable of running on a truly low-cost computer. Unfortunately, in doing so they must sacrifice the essential power of the expensive products - that integration between interpretive models and color graphics, which allows data editing, manipulation and visualization to be carried out simultaneously and interactively. Without these, a log analysis program is nothing more than a set of specialized calculation routines.

  18. Pacific Missile Test Center Information Resources Management Organization (code 0300): The ORACLE client-server and distributed processing architecture

    SciTech Connect

    Beckwith, A. L.; Phillips, J. T.

    1990-06-10

    Computing architectures using distributed processing and distributed databases are increasingly becoming considered acceptable solutions for advanced data processing systems. This is occurring even though there is still considerable professional debate as to what truly'' distributed computing actually is and despite the relative lack of advanced relational database management software (RDBMS) capable of meeting database and system integrity requirements for developing reliable integrated systems. This study investigates the functionally of ORACLE data base management software that is performing distributed processing between a MicroVAX/VMS minicomputer and three MS-DOS-based microcomputers. The ORACLE database resides on the MicroVAX and is accessed from the microcomputers with ORACLE SQL*NET, DECnet, and ORACLE PC TOOL PACKS. Data gathered during the study reveals that there is a demonstrable decrease in CPU demand on the MicroVAX, due to distributed processing'', when the ORACLE PC Tools are used to access the database as opposed to database access from dumb'' terminals. Also discovered were several hardware/software constraints that must be considered in implementing various software modules. The results of the study indicate that this distributed data processing architecture is becoming sufficiently mature, reliable, and should be considered for developing applications that reduce processing on central hosts. 33 refs., 2 figs.

  19. Improvements of the electrophoretic mobility test to measure lymphocyte sensitization.

    PubMed

    Zwergel, T; Nitzschke, U; Franke, F; Lampert, F

    1978-07-01

    The Electrophoretic Mobility (EM)-test was performed in 316 children to examine their lymphocyte sensitization to a common antigen by measuring the mobility of special indicator cells. The results indicate that this test can serve as an additional help in differential diagnosis of malignant and non-malignant diseases. Measurements in the cytopherometer were facilitated by introducing several technical modifications: 1) The original method of timing with a stopwatch was replaced by two electric watches electrically combined with the cytopherometer. Thus individual faults were reduced. The next improvement of timing at the cytopherometer consisted in the construction of an electronic controller and stopwatch in combination with a minicomputer, data print out, and tape recorder in order to get more reliable results. 2) Further automatic recording of the data is time-sparing and useful for correct evaluation of the EM-test. That can be done now directly on-line in a calculator with a program developed in our laboratory. 3) By using a television monitor for the observation of the indicator particles an additional simplification is possible. PMID:692441

  20. Pneumatic sample-transfer system for use with the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory rotating target neutron source (RTNS-I)

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, R.E.

    1981-07-01

    A pneumatic sample-transfer system is needed to be able to rapidly retrieve samples irradiated with 14-MeV neutrons at the Rotating Target Neutron Source (RTNS-I). The rabbit system, already in place for many years, has been refurbished with modern system components controlled by an LSI-11 minicomputer. Samples can now be counted three seconds after an irradiation. There are many uses for this expanded 14-MeV neutron activation capability. Several fission products difficult to isolate from mixed fission fragments can be produced instead through (n,p) or (n,..cap alpha..) reactions with stable isotopes. Mass-separated samples of Nd, Mo, and Se, for example, can be irradiated to produce Pr, Nb, and As radionuclides sufficient for decay scheme studies. The system may also be used for multielement fast-neutron activation analysis because the neutron flux is greater than 2 x 10/sup 11/ n/cm/sup 2/-sec. Single element analyses of Si and O are also possible. Finally, measurements of fast-neutron cross sections producing short-lived activation products can be performed with this system. A description of the rabbit system and instructions for its use are presented in this report.

  1. Interconnecting Danube networks through satellite links

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Radureau, J.

    Studies to be performed by the French NADIR project on techniques to interconnect Danube local-area networks via the Telecom-1 satellite communications system are described. Danube links up to 256 stations by coaxial cable at a predicted rate of 1.8 Mbit/sec in CSMA/CD mode and offers both connectionless and connection-oriented service; Telecom 1 (as simulated by ANIS) provides call-per-call or semipermanent TDMA simplex or full-duplex linkage (point-to-point or multipoint) at 2.4-2000 kbit/sec with a delay of 300 msec and a bit error rate (BER) lower than 10 to the -6th 99 percent of the time (or 10 to the -10th with forward-error correction). The problems of routing, error control, and flow control are considered. A simple scheme involving routing by filtering the address fields, no error and flow control, and minicomputers as gateways in each Danube system is chosen for the point-to-point simulations, while the multipoint connections will be made receiver half-gates and single sender half-gates at each Danube system. Block diagrams are provided.

  2. High Frequency Sampling of TTL Pulses on a Raspberry Pi for Diffuse Correlation Spectroscopy Applications.

    PubMed

    Tivnan, Matthew; Gurjar, Rajan; Wolf, David E; Vishwanath, Karthik

    2015-01-01

    Diffuse Correlation Spectroscopy (DCS) is a well-established optical technique that has been used for non-invasive measurement of blood flow in tissues. Instrumentation for DCS includes a correlation device that computes the temporal intensity autocorrelation of a coherent laser source after it has undergone diffuse scattering through a turbid medium. Typically, the signal acquisition and its autocorrelation are performed by a correlation board. These boards have dedicated hardware to acquire and compute intensity autocorrelations of rapidly varying input signal and usually are quite expensive. Here we show that a Raspberry Pi minicomputer can acquire and store a rapidly varying time-signal with high fidelity. We show that this signal collected by a Raspberry Pi device can be processed numerically to yield intensity autocorrelations well suited for DCS applications. DCS measurements made using the Raspberry Pi device were compared to those acquired using a commercial hardware autocorrelation board to investigate the stability, performance, and accuracy of the data acquired in controlled experiments. This paper represents a first step toward lowering the instrumentation cost of a DCS system and may offer the potential to make DCS become more widely used in biomedical applications. PMID:26274961

  3. Updated overview of the Tevatron control system

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, P.

    1987-10-01

    A single unified control system is used for all of the Fermilab accelerators and storage rings, from the LINAC to the Tevatron and antiproton source. A review of the general features is given - these include a 'host' system consisting of a number of minicomputers integrated with many distributed microprocessors in a variety of subsystems, usage of an in-house developed protocol, GAS, for communication between the two classes of machines, and a Parameter Page program, designed in conjunction with the system database, which allows a wide variety of quantities to be read and set in a coherent fashion. Recent developments include the implementation of a block transfer and 'fast time plot' facility through CAMAC, inclusion of several new computers in the host, a better understanding of system throughput, greatly improved reliability, advent of programs which sequence a large number of independent operations, and the construction of new hardware subsystems. Possible future system upgrades will be briefly presented. A summary of the utilization of a quite large software staff, at a time when the system is no longer under construction, will be discussed.

  4. Implementation Of A Digital Multiple Viewing Station And Early Clinical Experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, H. K.; Mankovich, Nicholas J.; Taira, Ricky K.; Kangarloo, Hooshang

    1986-06-01

    The Clinical Radiology Imaging System (CRIS) developed in the UCLA Image Processing Laboratory (IPL) is designed to allow radiologists, clinicians, and technologists to review and manipulate radiological images in digital form on a multiple viewing station (MVS). The system is composed of a multiple viewing station located at a clinical site and a centralized computer system consisting of a VAX-11/750 minicomputer, a Gould/DeAnza IP8500 image processor, and optical and magnetic disk storage. A broadband network allows video and digital communication between the remote clinical site and the IPL research laboratory. The station allows the real-time presentation of six 512x512x8 bit images from any combination of CT, MRI, DF, ultrasound, and digitized radiographs. The user interacts with the system by way of menus, icons, and a trackball. The CRIS system has been implemented in the Pediatric Radiology Section of the UCLA Medical Center. This paper describes the hardware and software architecture of the system and some early clinical experience.

  5. Hardware requirements: A new generation partial reflection radar for studies of the equatorial mesosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vincent, R. A.

    1986-01-01

    A new partial reflection (PR) radar is being developed for operation at the proposed Equatorial Observatory. The system is being designed to make maximum use of recent advances in solid-state technology in order to minimize the power requirements. In particular, it is planned to use a solid-state transmitter in place of the tube transmitters previously used in PR systems. Solid-state transmitters have the advantages that they do not need high voltage supplies, they do not require cathode heaters with a corresponding saving in power consumption and parts are readily available and inexpensive. It should be possible to achieve 15 kW peak powers with recently announced fast switching transistors. Since high mean powers are desirable for obtaining good signal-to-noise ratios, it is also planned to phase code the transmitted pulses and decode after coherent integration. All decoding and signal processing will be carried out in dedicated microprocessors before the signals are passed to a microcomputer for on-line analysis. Recent tests have shown that an Olivetti M24 micro (an IBM compatible) running an 8-MHz clock with a 8087 coprocessor can analyze data at least as fast as the minicomputers presently being used with the Adelaide PR rad ar and at a significantly lower cost. The processed winds data will be stored in nonvolatile CMOS RAM modules; about 0.5 to 1 Mbyte is required to store one week's information.

  6. Self-Tuning Adaptive-Controller Using Online Frequency Identification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chiang, W. W.; Cannon, R. H., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    A real time adaptive controller was designed and tested successfully on a fourth order laboratory dynamic system which features very low structural damping and a noncolocated actuator sensor pair. The controller, implemented in a digital minicomputer, consists of a state estimator, a set of state feedback gains, and a frequency locked loop (FLL) for real time parameter identification. The FLL can detect the closed loop natural frequency of the system being controlled, calculate the mismatch between a plant parameter and its counterpart in the state estimator, and correct the estimator parameter in real time. The adaptation algorithm can correct the controller error and stabilize the system for more than 50% variation in the plant natural frequency, compared with a 10% stability margin in frequency variation for a fixed gain controller having the same performance at the nominal plant condition. After it has locked to the correct plant frequency, the adaptive controller works as well as the fixed gain controller does when there is no parameter mismatch. The very rapid convergence of this adaptive system is demonstrated experimentally, and can also be proven with simple root locus methods.

  7. Real-time measurement of plutonium in air by direct-inlet surface ionization mass spectrometry. Status report

    SciTech Connect

    Stoffels, J.J.

    1980-04-01

    A new technique is being developed for monitoring low-level airborne plutonium on a real-time basis. The technique is based on surface ionization mass spectrometry of airborne particles. It will be capable of measuring plutonium concentrations below the maximum permissible concentration (MPC) level. A complete mass spectrometer was designed and constructed for this purpose. Major components which were developed and made operational for the instrument include an efficient inlet for directly sampling particles in air, a wide dynamic range ion detector and a minicomputer-based ion-burst measurement system. Calibration of the direct-inlet mass spectrometer (DIMS) was initiated to establish the instrument's response to plutonium dioxide as a function of concentration and particle size. This work revealed an important problem - bouncing of particles upon impact with the ionizing filament. Particle bounce results in a significant loss of measurement sensitivity. The feasibility of using an oven ionizer to overcome the particle bounce problem has been demonstrated. A rhenium oven ionizer was designed and constructed for the purpose of trapping particles which enter via the direct inlet. High-speed particles were trapped in the oven yielding a measurement sensitivity comparable to that for particles which are preloaded. Development of the Pu DIMS can now be completed by optimizing the oven design and calibrating the instrument's performance with UO/sub 2/ and CeO/sub 2/ particles as analogs to PuO/sub 2/ particles.

  8. Definition study for photovoltaic residential prototype system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Imamura, M. S.; Hulstrom, R. L.; Cookson, C.; Waldman, B. H.; Lane, R. A.

    1976-01-01

    A parametric sensitivity study and definition of the conceptual design is presented. A computer program containing the solar irradiance, solar array, and energy balance models was developed to determine the sensitivities of solar insolation and the corresponding solar array output at five sites selected for this study as well as the performance of several solar array/battery systems. A baseline electrical configuration was chosen, and three design options were recommended. The study indicates that the most sensitive parameters are the solar insolation and the inverter efficiency. The baseline PST selected is comprised of a 133 sg m solar array, 250 ampere hour battery, one to three inverters, and a full shunt regulator to limit the upper solar array voltage. A minicomputer controlled system is recommended to provide the overall control, display, and data acquisition requirements. Architectural renderings of two photovoltaic residential concepts, one above ground and the other underground, are presented. The institutional problems were defined in the areas of legal liabilities during and after installation of the PST, labor practices, building restrictions and architectural guides, and land use.

  9. The display of molecular models with the Ames Interactive Modeling System (AIMS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Egan, J. T.; Hart, J.; Burt, S. K.; Macelroy, R. D.

    1982-01-01

    A visualization of molecular models can lead to a clearer understanding of the models. Sophisticated graphics devices supported by minicomputers make it possible for the chemist to interact with the display of a very large model, altering its structure. In addition to user interaction, the need arises also for other ways of displaying information. These include the production of viewgraphs, film presentation, as well as publication quality prints of various models. To satisfy these needs, the display capability of the Ames Interactive Modeling System (AIMS) has been enhanced to provide a wide range of graphics and plotting capabilities. Attention is given to an overview of the AIMS system, graphics hardware used by the AIMS display subsystem, a comparison of graphics hardware, the representation of molecular models, graphics software used by the AIMS display subsystem, the display of a model obtained from data stored in molecule data base, a graphics feature for obtaining single frame permanent copy displays, and a feature for producing multiple frame displays.

  10. Modernization of the NASA IRTF Telescope Control System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pilger, Eric J.; Harwood, James V.; Onaka, Peter M.

    1994-06-01

    We describe the ongoing modernization of the NASA IR Telescope Facility Telescope Control System. A major mandate of this project is to keep the telescope available for observations throughout. Therefore, we have developed an incremental plan that will allow us to replace components of the software and hardware without shutting down the system. The current system, running under FORTH on a DEC LSI 11/23 minicomputer interfaced to a Bus and boards developed in house, will be replaced with a combination of a Sun SPARCstation running SunOS, a MicroSPARC based Single Board Computer running LynxOS, and various intelligent VME based peripheral cards. The software is based on a design philosophy originally developed by Pat Wallace for use on the Anglo Australian Telescope. This philosophy has gained wide acceptance, and is currently used in a number of observatories around the world. A key element of this philosophy is the division of the TCS into `Virtual' and `Real' parts. This will allow us to replace the higher level functions of the TCS with software running on the Sun, while still relying on the LSI 11/23 for performance of the lower level functions. Eventual transfer of lower level functions to the MicroSPARC system will then proceed incrementally through use of a Q-Bus to VME-Bus converter.

  11. Software used with the flux mapper at the solar parabolic dish test site

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miyazono, C.

    1984-01-01

    Software for data archiving and data display was developed for use on a Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) PDP-11/34A minicomputer for use with the JPL-designed flux mapper. The flux mapper is a two-dimensional, high radiant energy scanning device designed to measure radiant flux energies expected at the focal point of solar parabolic dish concentrators. Interfacing to the DEC equipment was accomplished by standard RS-232C serial lines. The design of the software was dicated by design constraints of the flux-mapper controller. Early attemps at data acquisition from the flux-mapper controller were not without difficulty. Time and personnel limitations result in an alternative method of data recording at the test site with subsequent analysis accomplished at a data evaluation location at some later time. Software for plotting was also written to better visualize the flux patterns. Recommendations for future alternative development are discussed. A listing of the programs used in the anaysis is included in an appendix.

  12. A Prototype Standalone Nutritive Analysis and Database System

    PubMed Central

    Forrey, A.W.; Metcalf, R.W.

    1981-01-01

    Nutritive analysis capability from an earlier (WAMI conference proceedings 1980 p. 157) system has now been downloaded onto an ALTOS microcomputer having a 19 Mbyte Winchester disk and an ANSI XII.I MUMPS language processor. This system achieves the objective earlier identified (Fourth National Nutritional Database Conference - 1979) of having a standalone nutritive analysis system which is inexpensive. System cost is $9600, without console terminal or printer which may add another $2000 to the total. It is configured with a processor, 2-8? floppy disk drives (for transportability of data and software), a 19 Mbyte Winchester disk, a real time clock and a 9511 math function chip. The system can host additional functions (not now provided) beyond nutritive analysis. They will be developed in a minicomputer environment and downloaded; downloading of additional components of the earlier system and a patient record file are planned. They will provide the modular standalone capability to manage menus and recipes as well as the nutritional diet histories of patients and should make more economic, the provision of nutritional care to inpatients in small hospitals or the management of outpatients in either nursing homes or hospital based home care plans. The data structures and routines of the system are described; examples of the dialog are given.

  13. Upgrading NASA/DOSE laser ranging system control computers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ricklefs, Randall L.; Cheek, Jack; Seery, Paul J.; Emenheiser, Kenneth S.; Hanrahan, William P., III; Mcgarry, Jan F.

    1993-01-01

    Laser ranging systems now managed by the NASA Dynamics of the Solid Earth (DOSE) and operated by the Bendix Field Engineering Corporation, the University of Hawaii, and the University of Texas have produced a wealth on interdisciplinary scientific data over the last three decades. Despite upgrades to the most of the ranging station subsystems, the control computers remain a mix of 1970's vintage minicomputers. These encompass a wide range of vendors, operating systems, and languages, making hardware and software support increasingly difficult. Current technology allows replacement of controller computers at a relatively low cost while maintaining excellent processing power and a friendly operating environment. The new controller systems are now being designed using IBM-PC-compatible 80486-based microcomputers, a real-time Unix operating system (LynxOS), and X-windows/Motif IB, and serial interfaces have been chosen. This design supports minimizing short and long term costs by relying on proven standards for both hardware and software components. Currently, the project is in the design and prototyping stage with the first systems targeted for production in mid-1993.

  14. Acoustic monitoring of power-plant valves. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, J.W.; Hartman, W.F.; Robinson, J.C.

    1982-06-01

    Advanced surveillance diagnostics were applied to key nuclear power plant valves to improve the availability of the power plant. Two types of valves were monitored: BWR three-stage, pilot-operated safety/relief valves and PWR feedwater control valves. Excessive leakage across the pilot-disc seat in BWR safety/relief valves can cause the second-stage pressure to reach the critical value that activates the valve, even though the set pressure was not exceeded. Acoustic emissions created by the leak noise were monitored and calibrated to indicate incipient activation of the safety/relief valve. Hydrodynamic, vibration, control and process signals from PWR feedwater control valves were monitored by a mini-computer based surveillance system. On-line analysis of these signals coupled with earlier analytic modelling identified: (1) cavitation, (2) changes in stem packaging tightness, (3) valve stem torquing, (4) transducer oscillations, and (5) peak vibration levels during power transients. These conditions were detected by a pattern recognition algorithm that continuously measured the signals for abnormal signatures.

  15. High Frequency Sampling of TTL Pulses on a Raspberry Pi for Diffuse Correlation Spectroscopy Applications

    PubMed Central

    Tivnan, Matthew; Gurjar, Rajan; Wolf, David E.; Vishwanath, Karthik

    2015-01-01

    Diffuse Correlation Spectroscopy (DCS) is a well-established optical technique that has been used for non-invasive measurement of blood flow in tissues. Instrumentation for DCS includes a correlation device that computes the temporal intensity autocorrelation of a coherent laser source after it has undergone diffuse scattering through a turbid medium. Typically, the signal acquisition and its autocorrelation are performed by a correlation board. These boards have dedicated hardware to acquire and compute intensity autocorrelations of rapidly varying input signal and usually are quite expensive. Here we show that a Raspberry Pi minicomputer can acquire and store a rapidly varying time-signal with high fidelity. We show that this signal collected by a Raspberry Pi device can be processed numerically to yield intensity autocorrelations well suited for DCS applications. DCS measurements made using the Raspberry Pi device were compared to those acquired using a commercial hardware autocorrelation board to investigate the stability, performance, and accuracy of the data acquired in controlled experiments. This paper represents a first step toward lowering the instrumentation cost of a DCS system and may offer the potential to make DCS become more widely used in biomedical applications. PMID:26274961

  16. First 90 GHz spectral line observations with the Metsahovi 14-m telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malkamaki, L.; Mattila, K.; Raisanen, A.; Peltonen, J.; Lehto, A.

    The characteristics and performance parameters of the 13.7-m Metsahovi radiotelescope are described, along with sample data. The instrument was built primarily for time variability studies of stellar and interstellar water masers at 22 GHz. The dish has a 0.35 mm surface accuracy and a pointing accuracy of 10 arcsec rms. The aperture efficiency ranges from 25 percent at 76 GHz to about 156 percent at 95 GHz. A cooled Schottky mixer (20 K) front end has been added for measurements at 75-95 GHz in 100 MHz bandwidths. Addition of a 1.4 GHz FET amplifier has kept the noise temperature for spectral line measurements to over 200 K. Block diagrams are provided of the receiver, including the feed horn, ringfilter, waveguide mixer and amplifier, and of the 100 MHz/11 MHz double acousto-optical system. The receiver is fitted with a Gunn local oscillator (LO) to obtain a 45 GHz signal with 1.5 GHz tunability. The desired 90 GHz LO frequency is obtained with a Schottky varactor doubler. The signal processing procedures employed to treat the incoming spectra by means of both a microcomputer and minicomputer are outlined.

  17. The development of a transparent cylinder engine for piston engine fluid mechanics research

    SciTech Connect

    Richman, R.M.; Reynolds, W.C.

    1984-01-01

    The development of a unique flow visualization engine is discussed. The new research engine, called the Flow Diagnostics Engine (FDE), is a singlecylinder engine with a transparent cylinder made from single-crystal sapphire. In contrast to previous efforts, the FDE has an internal geometry very similar to that of production engines. A computer-controlled valveactuation system is used on the FDE. The valve actuators are fast electro-hydraulic devices which, with a minicomputer, provide complete control over the valve motion. To visualize the flows in the engine cylinder, a special Schlieren system was developed and demonstrated. In the new visualization system, a holographic optical element is used to correct system abberations. To demonstrate the feasibility and usefulness of the FDE system, flows in both conventional and swirl engine geometries were visualized and recorded with high-speed cinematography. The visualization provides qualitative information about the flow and allows observation of: the development and motions of large recirculation zones during the intake event; the appearance of small-scale turbulence and the changes in scale caused by compression and expansion; the expansion of ring crevice gases into the cylinder during the beginning of the event; and the large-scale motions associated with intake swirl. The FDE system is very versatile and can accommodate a wide variety of engine geometries, operating conditions, and optical diagnostics.

  18. Development and evaluation of an automated reflectance microscope system for the petrographic characterization of bituminous coals

    SciTech Connect

    Hoover, D. S.; Davis, A.

    1980-10-01

    The development of automated coal petrographic techniques will lessen the demands on skilled personnel to do routine work. This project is concerned with the development and successful testing of an instrument which will meet these needs. The fundamental differences in reflectance of the three primary maceral groups should enable their differentiation in an automated-reflectance frequency histogram (reflectogram). Consequently, reflected light photometry was chosen as the method for automating coal petrographic analysis. Three generations of an automated system (called Rapid Scan Versions I, II and III) were developed and evaluated for petrographic analysis. Their basic design was that of a reflected-light microscope photometer with an automatic stage, interfaced with a minicomputer. The hardware elements used in the Rapid Scan Version I limited the system's flexibility and presented problems with signal digitization and measurement precision. Rapid Scan Version II was designed to incorporate a new microscope photometer and computer system. A digital stepping stage was incorporated into the Rapid Scan Version III system. The precision of reflectance determination of this system was found to be +- 0.02 percent reflectance. The limiting factor in quantitative interpretation of Rapid Scan reflectograms is the resolution of reflectance populations of the individual maceral groups. Statistical testing indicated that reflectograms were highly reproducible, and a new computer program, PETAN, was written to interpret the curves for vitrinite reflectance parameters ad petrographic.

  19. A new approach for data acquisition at the JPL space simulators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fisher, Terry C.

    1992-01-01

    In 1990, a personal computer based data acquisition system was put into service for the Space Simulators and Environmental Test Laboratory at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. The new system replaced an outdated minicomputer system which had been in use since 1980. This new data acquisition system was designed and built by JPL for the specific task of acquiring thermal test data in support of space simulation and thermal vacuum testing at JPL. The data acquisition system was designed using powerful personal computers and local-area-network (LAN) technology. Reliability, expandability, and maintainability were some of the most important criteria in the design of the data system and in the selection of hardware and software components. The data acquisition system is used to record both test chamber operational data and thermal data from the unit under test. Tests are conducted in numerous small thermal vacuum chambers and in the large solar simulator and range in size from individual components using only 2 or 3 thermocouples to entire planetary spacecraft requiring in excess of 1200 channels of test data. The system supports several of these tests running concurrently. The previous data system is described along with reasons for its replacement, the types of data acquired, the new data system, and the benefits obtained from the new system including information on tests performed to date.

  20. Integration and software for thermal test of heat rate sensors. [space shuttle external tank

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wojciechowski, C. J.; Shrider, K. R.

    1982-01-01

    A minicomputer controlled radiant test facility is described which was developed and calibrated in an effort to verify analytical thermal models of instrumentation islands installed aboard the space shuttle external tank to measure thermal flight parameters during ascent. Software was provided for the facility as well as for development tests on the SRB actuator tail stock. Additional testing was conducted with the test facility to determine the temperature and heat flux rate and loads required to effect a change of color in the ET tank external paint. This requirement resulted from the review of photographs taken of the ET at separation from the orbiter which showed that 75% of the external tank paint coating had not changed color from its original white color. The paint on the remaining 25% of the tank was either brown or black, indicating that it had degraded due to heating or that the spray on form insulation had receded in these areas. The operational capability of the facility as well as the various tests which were conducted and their results are discussed.

  1. A C Language Implementation of the SRO (Murdock) Detector/Analyzer

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Murdock, James N.; Halbert, Scott E.

    1991-01-01

    A signal detector and analyzer algorithm was described by Murdock and Hutt in 1983. The algorithm emulates the performance of a human interpreter of seismograms. It estimates the signal onset, the direction of onset (positive or negative), the quality of these determinations, the period and amplitude of the signal, and the background noise at the time of the signal. The algorithm has been coded in C language for implementation as a 'blackbox' for data similar to that of the China Digital Seismic Network. A driver for the algorithm is included, as are suggestions for other drivers. In all of these routines, plus several FIR filters that are included as well, floating point operations are not required. Multichannel operation is supported. Although the primary use of the code has been for in-house processing of broadband and short period data of the China Digital Seismic Network, provisions have been made to process the long period and very long period data of that system as well. The code for the in-house detector, which runs on a mini-computer, is very similar to that of the field system, which runs on a microprocessor. The code is documented.

  2. SCAILET: An intelligent assistant for satellite ground terminal operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shahidi, A. K.; Crapo, J. A.; Schlegelmilch, R. F.; Reinhart, R. C.; Petrik, E. J.; Walters, J. L.; Jones, R. E.

    1993-01-01

    NASA Lewis Research Center has applied artificial intelligence to an advanced ground terminal. This software application is being deployed as an experimenter interface to the link evaluation terminal (LET) and was named Space Communication Artificial Intelligence for the Link Evaluation Terminal (SCAILET). The high-burst-rate (HBR) LET provides 30-GHz-transmitting and 20-GHz-receiving, 220-Mbps capability for wide band communications technology experiments with the Advanced Communication Technology Satellite (ACTS). The HBR-LET terminal consists of seven major subsystems. A minicomputer controls and monitors these subsystems through an IEEE-488 or RS-232 protocol interface. Programming scripts (test procedures defined by design engineers) configure the HBR-LET and permit data acquisition. However, the scripts are difficult to use, require a steep learning curve, are cryptic, and are hard to maintain. This discourages experimenters from utilizing the full capabilities of the HBR-LET system. An intelligent assistant module was developed as part of the SCAILET software. The intelligent assistant addresses critical experimenter needs by solving and resolving problems that are encountered during the configuring of the HBR-LET system. The intelligent assistant is a graphical user interface with an expert system running in the background. In order to further assist and familiarize an experimenter, an on-line hypertext documentation module was developed and included in the SCAILET software.

  3. NBSGSC - a FORTRAN program for quantitative x-ray fluorescence analysis. Technical note (final)

    SciTech Connect

    Tao, G.Y.; Pella, P.A.; Rousseau, R.M.

    1985-04-01

    A FORTRAN program (NBSGSC) was developed for performing quantitative analysis of bulk specimens by x-ray fluorescence spectrometry. This program corrects for x-ray absorption/enhancement phenomena using the comprehensive alpha coefficient algorithm proposed by Lachance (COLA). NBSGSC is a revision of the program ALPHA and CARECAL originally developed by R.M. Rousseau of the Geological Survey of Canada. Part one of the program (CALCO) performs the calculation of theoretical alpha coefficients, and part two (CALCOMP) computes the composition of the analyte specimens. The analysis of alloys, pressed minerals, and fused specimens can currently be treated by the program. In addition to using measured x-ray tube spectral distributions, spectra from seven commonly used x-ray tube targets could also be calculated with an NBS algorithm included in the program. NBSGSC is written in FORTRAN IV for a Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC PDP-11/23) minicomputer using RLO2 firm disks and an RSX 11M operating system.

  4. Multiple access mass storage network

    SciTech Connect

    Wentz, D.L. Jr.

    1980-01-01

    The Multi-Access Storage Subnetwork (MASS) is the latest addition to the Octopus computer network at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. The subnetwork provides shared mass storage for the Laboratory's multiple-host computer configuration. A Control Data Corp. 38500 Mass Storage facility is interfaces by MASS to the large, scientific worker computers to provide an on-line capacity of 1 trillion bits of user-accessible data. The MASS architecture offers a very high performance approach to the management of large data storage, as well as a high degree of reliability needed for operation in the Laboratory's timesharing environment. MASS combines state-of-the-art digital hardware with an innovative system philosophy. The key LLL design features of the subnetwork that contribute to the high performance include the following: a data transmission scheme that provides a 40-Mbit/s channel over distances of up to 1000 ft, a large metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) memory buffer controlled by a 24-port memory multiplexer with an aggregate data rate of 280 Mbit/s, and a set of high-speed microprocessor-based controllers driving the commercial mass storage units. Reliability of the system is provided by a completely redundant network, including two control minicomputer systems. Also enhancing reliability is error detection and correction in the MOS memory. A hardware-generated checksum is carried with each file throughout the entire network to ensure integrity of user files. 6 figures, 1 table.

  5. Cellstat--A continuous culture system of a bacteriophage for the study of the mutation rate and the selection process at the DNA level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Husimi, Yuzuru; Nishigaki, Koichi; Kinoshita, Yasunori; Tanaka, Toyosuke

    1982-04-01

    A bacteriophage is continuously cultured in the flow of the host bacterial cell under the control of a minicomputer. In the culture, the population of the noninfected cell is kept constant by the endogeneous regulation mechanism, so it is called the ''cellstat'' culture. Due to the high dilution rate of the host cell, the mutant cell cannot be selected in the cellstat. Therefore, the cellstat is suitable for the study of the mutation rate and the selection process of a bacteriophage under well-defined environmental conditions (including physiological condition of the host cell) without being interfered by host-cell mutations. Applications to coliphage fd, a secretion type phage, are shown as a measurement example. A chimera between fd and a plasmid pBR322 is cultured more than 100 h. The process of population changeovers by deletion mutants indicates that the deletion hot spots exist in this cloning vector and that this apparatus can be used also for testing instability of a recombinant DNA.

  6. An imaging system for PLIF/Mie measurements for a combusting flow

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wey, C. C.; Ghorashi, B.; Marek, C. J.; Wey, C.

    1990-01-01

    The equipment required to establish an imaging system can be divided into four parts: (1) the light source and beam shaping optics; (2) camera and recording; (3) image acquisition and processing; and (4) computer and output systems. A pulsed, Nd:YAG-pummped, frequency-doubled dye laser which can freeze motion in the flowfield is used for an illumination source. A set of lenses is used to form the laser beam into a sheet. The induced fluorescence is collected by an UV-enhanced lens and passes through an UV-enhanced microchannel plate intensifier which is optically coupled to a gated solid state CCD camera. The output of the camera is simultaneously displayed on a monitor and recorded on either a laser videodisc set of a Super VHS VCR. This videodisc set is controlled by a minicomputer via a connection to the RS-232C interface terminals. The imaging system is connected to the host computer by a bus repeater and can be multiplexed between four video input sources. Sample images from a planar shear layer experiment are presented to show the processing capability of the imaging system with the host computer.

  7. Interactive Forecasting with the National Weather Service River Forecast System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, George F.; Page, Donna

    1993-01-01

    The National Weather Service River Forecast System (NWSRFS) consists of several major hydrometeorologic subcomponents to model the physics of the flow of water through the hydrologic cycle. The entire NWSRFS currently runs in both mainframe and minicomputer environments, using command oriented text input to control the system computations. As computationally powerful and graphically sophisticated scientific workstations became available, the National Weather Service (NWS) recognized that a graphically based, interactive environment would enhance the accuracy and timeliness of NWS river and flood forecasts. Consequently, the operational forecasting portion of the NWSRFS has been ported to run under a UNIX operating system, with X windows as the display environment on a system of networked scientific workstations. In addition, the NWSRFS Interactive Forecast Program was developed to provide a graphical user interface to allow the forecaster to control NWSRFS program flow and to make adjustments to forecasts as necessary. The potential market for water resources forecasting is immense and largely untapped. Any private company able to market the river forecasting technologies currently developed by the NWS Office of Hydrology could provide benefits to many information users and profit from providing these services.

  8. Three-axis electron-beam test facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dayton, J. A., Jr.; Ebihara, B. T.

    1981-01-01

    An electron beam test facility, which consists of a precision multidimensional manipulator built into an ultra-high-vacuum bell jar, was designed, fabricated, and operated at Lewis Research Center. The position within the bell jar of a Faraday cup which samples current in the electron beam under test, is controlled by the manipulator. Three orthogonal axes of motion are controlled by stepping motors driven by digital indexers, and the positions are displayed on electronic totalizers. In the transverse directions, the limits of travel are approximately + or - 2.5 cm from the center with a precision of 2.54 micron (0.0001 in.); in the axial direction, approximately 15.0 cm of travel are permitted with an accuracy of 12.7 micron (0.0005 in.). In addition, two manually operated motions are provided, the pitch and yaw of the Faraday cup with respect to the electron beam can be adjusted to within a few degrees. The current is sensed by pulse transformers and the data are processed by a dual channel box car averager with a digital output. The beam tester can be operated manually or it can be programmed for automated operation. In the automated mode, the beam tester is controlled by a microcomputer (installed at the test site) which communicates with a minicomputer at the central computing facility. The data are recorded and later processed by computer to obtain the desired graphical presentations.

  9. Three-axis electron-beam test facility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dayton, J. A., Jr.; Ebihara, B. T.

    1981-03-01

    An electron beam test facility, which consists of a precision multidimensional manipulator built into an ultra-high-vacuum bell jar, was designed, fabricated, and operated at Lewis Research Center. The position within the bell jar of a Faraday cup which samples current in the electron beam under test, is controlled by the manipulator. Three orthogonal axes of motion are controlled by stepping motors driven by digital indexers, and the positions are displayed on electronic totalizers. In the transverse directions, the limits of travel are approximately + or - 2.5 cm from the center with a precision of 2.54 micron (0.0001 in.); in the axial direction, approximately 15.0 cm of travel are permitted with an accuracy of 12.7 micron (0.0005 in.). In addition, two manually operated motions are provided, the pitch and yaw of the Faraday cup with respect to the electron beam can be adjusted to within a few degrees. The current is sensed by pulse transformers and the data are processed by a dual channel box car averager with a digital output. The beam tester can be operated manually or it can be programmed for automated operation. In the automated mode, the beam tester is controlled by a microcomputer (installed at the test site) which communicates with a minicomputer at the central computing facility. The data are recorded and later processed by computer to obtain the desired graphical presentations.

  10. Integration of autonomous systems for remote control of data acquisition and diagnostics in the TJ-II device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vega, J.; Mollinedo, A.; López, A.; Pacios, L.; Dormido, S.

    1997-01-01

    The data acquisition system for TJ-II will consist of a central computer, containing the data base of the device, and a set of independent systems (personal computers, embedded ones, workstations, minicomputers, PLCs, and microprocessor systems among others), controlling data collection, and automated diagnostics. Each autonomous system can be used to isolate and manage specific problems in the most efficient manner. These problems are related to data acquisition, hard (?s-ms) real time requirements, soft (ms-s) real time requirements, remote control of diagnostics, etc. In the operation of TJ-II, the programming of systems will be carried out from the central computer. Coordination and synchronization will be performed by linking systems to local area networks. Several Ethernet segments and FDDI rings will be used for these purposes. Programmable logic controller devices (PLCs) used for diagnostic low level control will be linked among them through a fast serial link, the RS485 Profibus standard. One VME crate, running on the OS-9 real time operating system, will be assigned as a gateway, so as to connect the PLCs based systems with an Ethernet segment.

  11. Integration of autonomous systems for remote control of data acquisition and diagnostics in the TJ-II device

    SciTech Connect

    Vega, J.; Mollinedo, A.; Lopez, A.; Pacios, L.

    1997-01-01

    The data acquisition system for TJ-II will consist of a central computer, containing the data base of the device, and a set of independent systems (personal computers, embedded ones, workstations, minicomputers, PLCs, and microprocessor systems among others), controlling data collection, and automated diagnostics. Each autonomous system can be used to isolate and manage specific problems in the most efficient manner. These problems are related to data acquisition, hard ({mu}s{endash}ms) real time requirements, soft (ms{endash}s) real time requirements, remote control of diagnostics, etc. In the operation of TJ-II, the programming of systems will be carried out from the central computer. Coordination and synchronization will be performed by linking systems to local area networks. Several Ethernet segments and FDDI rings will be used for these purposes. Programmable logic controller devices (PLCs) used for diagnostic low level control will be linked among them through a fast serial link, the RS485 Profibus standard. One VME crate, running on the OS-9 real time operating system, will be assigned as a gateway, so as to connect the PLCs based systems with an Ethernet segment. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  12. Spent fuel test. Climax data acquisition system integration report

    SciTech Connect

    Nyholm, R.A.; Brough, W.G.; Rector, N.L.

    1982-06-01

    The Spent Fuel Test - Climax (SFT-C) is a test of the retrievable, deep geologic storage of commercially generated, spent nuclear reactor fuel in granitic rock. Eleven spent fuel assemblies, together with 6 electrical simulators and 20 guard heaters, are emplaced 420 m below the surface in the Climax granite at the Nevada Test Site. On June 2, 1978, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) secured funding for the SFT-C, and completed spent fuel emplacement May 28, 1980. This multi-year duration test is located in a remote area and is unattended much of the time. An extensive array of radiological safety and geotechnical instrumentation is deployed to monitor the test performance. A dual minicomputer-based data acquisition system collects and processes data from more than 900 analog instruments. This report documents the design and functions of the hardware and software elements of the Data Acquisition System and describes the supporting facilities which include environmental enclosures, heating/air-conditioning/humidity systems, power distribution systems, fire suppression systems, remote terminal stations, telephone/modem communications, and workshop areas. 9 figures.

  13. Spent Fuel Test - Climax data acquisition system operations manual

    SciTech Connect

    Nyholm, R.A.

    1983-01-01

    The Spent Fuel Test-Climax (SFT-C) is a test of the retrievable, deep geologic storage of commercially generated, spent nuclear reactor fuel in granite rock. Eleven spent fuel assemblies, together with 6 electrical simulators and 20 guard heaters, are emplaced 420 m below the surface in the Climax granite at the US Department of Energy Nevada Test Site. On June 2, 1978, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) secured funding for the SFT-C, and completed spent fuel emplacement May 28, 1980. The multi-year duration test is located in a remote area and is unattended much of the time. An extensive array of radiological safety and geotechnical instrumentation is deployed to monitor the test performance. A dual minicomputer-based data acquisition system (DAS) collects and processes data from more than 900 analog instruments. This report documents the software element of the LLNL developed SFT-C Data Acquisition System. It defines the operating system and hardware interface configurations, the special applications software and data structures, and support software.

  14. Computer measurement and representation of the heart in two and three dimensions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rasmussen, D.

    1976-01-01

    Methods for the measurement and display by minicomputer of cardiac images obtained from fluoroscopy to permit an accurate assessment of functional changes are discussed. Heart contours and discrete points can be digitized automatically or manually, with the recorded image in a video, cine, or print format. As each frame is digitized it is assigned a code name identifying the data source, experiment, run, view, and frame, and the images are filed for future reference in any sequence. Two views taken at the same point in the heart cycle are used to compute the spatial position of the ventricle apex and the midpoint of the aortic valve. The remainder of the points on the chamber border are corrected for the linear distortion of the X-rays by projection to a plane containing the chord between the apex and the aortic valve center and oriented so that lines perpendicular to the chord are parallel to the image intensifier face. The image of the chamber surface is obtained by generating circular cross sections with diameters perpendicular to the major chord. The transformed two- and three-dimensional imagery can be displayed in either static or animated form using a graphics terminal.

  15. Distribution of computer functionality for accelerator control at the Brookhaven AGS

    SciTech Connect

    Stevens, A.; Clifford, T.; Frankel, R.

    1985-01-01

    A set of physical and functional system components and their interconnection protocols have been established for all controls work at the AGS. Portions of these designs were tested as part of enhanced operation of the AGS as a source of polarized protons and additional segments will be implemented during the continuing construction efforts which are adding heavy ion capability to our facility. Included in our efforts are the following computer and control system elements: a broad band local area network, which embodies MODEMS; transmission systems and branch interface units; a hierarchical layer, which performs certain data base and watchdog/alarm functions; a group of work station processors (Apollo's) which perform the function of traditional minicomputer host(s) and a layer, which provides both real time control and standardization functions for accelerator devices and instrumentation. Data base and other accelerator functionality is assigned to the most correct level within our network for both real time performance, long-term utility, and orderly growth.

  16. Developing pharmacy applications using a microcomputer relational database in a long-term care psychiatric hospital.

    PubMed

    Salek, W

    1989-03-01

    The database applications developed with a microcomputer for a 1000 bed long-term care forensic psychiatric care hospital are described. The implementation of a microcomputer system was instituted as an interim measure prior to the development of a hospital wide minicomputer system. Primary emphasis was placed on increasing the efficiency of professional staff while enhancing clinical therapeutic monitoring. The system operates on an IBM-AT with 30 megabyte hard disk drive and an Epson FX-100 dot matrix printer. A relational database manager, Team-Up, was utilized in the development of applications that included census maintenance, scheduled drug inventory, drug regimen review, drug utilization protocols and a skilled nursing unit dose patient profile. Other ancillary functions included generation of stock labels, a literature abstract database and an on-line policy and procedure manual. Advantages of the system include an increase in staff productivity through the use of information that is readily attainable from the patient database. Possible disadvantages are the programming and hardware limitations imposed by a microcomputer system. Long term care psychiatric facilities may be able to enhance staff efficiency by computerizing existing manual systems. Because of the diverse and specialized requirements of long term care facilities, a microcomputer used in conjunction with a programmable relational database can be easily customized to fulfill this need. PMID:10292384

  17. Fluid dynamics of double diffusive systems

    SciTech Connect

    Koseff, J.R.

    1989-04-07

    A study of mixing processes in doubly diffusive systems is being conducted. Continuous gradients of two diffusing components (heat and salinity in our case) are being used as initial conditions, and forcing is introduced by lateral heating and surface shear. The goals of the proposed work include: (1) quantification of the effects of finite amplitude disturbances on stable, double diffusive systems, particularly with respect to lateral heating, (2) development of an improved understanding of the physical phenomena present in wind-driven shear flows in double diffusive stratified environments, (3) increasing our knowledge-base on turbulent flow in stratified environments and how to represent it, and (4) formulation of a numerical code for such flows. The work is being carried out in an experimental facility which is located in the Stanford Environmental Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, and on laboratory minicomputers and CRAY computers. In particular we are focusing on the following key issues: (1) the formation and propagation of double diffusive intrusions away from a heated wall and the effects of lateral heating on the double diffusive system; (2) the interaction between the double diffusively influenced fluxes and the turbulence induced fluxes; (3) the measurement of heat and mass fluxes; and (4) the influence of double diffusive gradients on mixed layer deepening. 1 fig.

  18. GEEF: a geothermal engineering and economic feasibility model. Description and user's manual

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-09-01

    The model is designed to enable decision makers to compare the economics of geothermal projects with the economics of alternative energy systems at an early stage in the decision process. The geothermal engineering and economic feasibility computer model (GEEF) is written in FORTRAN IV language and can be run on a mainframe or a mini-computer system. An abbreviated version of the model is being developed for usage in conjunction with a programmable desk calculator. The GEEF model has two main segments, namely (i) the engineering design/cost segment and (ii) the economic analysis segment. In the engineering segment, the model determines the numbers of production and injection wells, heat exchanger design, operating parameters for the system, requirement of supplementary system (to augment the working fluid temperature if the resource temperature is not sufficiently high), and the fluid flow rates. The model can handle single stage systems as well as two stage cascaded systems in which the second stage may involve a space heating application after a process heat application in the first stage.

  19. A real-time electronic imaging system for solar X-ray observations from sounding rockets

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, J. M.; Ting, J. W.; Gerassimenko, M.

    1979-01-01

    A real-time imaging system for displaying the solar coronal soft X-ray emission, focussed by a grazing incidence telescope, is described. The design parameters of the system, which is to be used primarily as part of a real-time control system for a sounding rocket experiment, are identified. Their achievement with a system consisting of a microchannel plate, for the conversion of X-rays into visible light, and a slow-scan vidicon, for recording and transmission of the integrated images, is described in detail. The system has a quantum efficiency better than 8 deg above 8 A, a dynamic range of 1000 coupled with a sensitivity to single photoelectrons, and provides a spatial resolution of 15 arc seconds over a field of view of 40 x 40 square arc minutes. The incident radiation is filtered to eliminate wavelengths longer than 100 A. Each image contains 3.93 x 10 to the 5th bits of information and is transmitted to the ground where it is processed by a mini-computer and displayed in real-time on a standard TV monitor.

  20. Rectification of terrain induced distortions in radar imagery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kwok, Ronald; Curlander, John C.; Pang, Shirley S.

    1987-01-01

    This paper describes a technique to generate geocoded synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery corrected for terrain induced geometric distortions. This algorithm transforms the raw slant range image, generated by the signal processor, into a map registered product, resampled to either Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) or Polar Stereographic projections, and corrected for foreshortening. The technique utilizes the space platform trajectory information in conjunction with a digital elevation map (DEM) of the target area to generate an ortho-radar map with near-autonomous operation. The current procedure requires only two to three tie-points to compensate for the platform position uncertainty that results in translational error between the image and the DEM. This approach is unique in that it does not require generation of a simulated radar image from the DEM or a grid of tie-points to characterize the image-to-map distortions. Rather, it models the inherent distortions based on knowledge of the radar data collection characteristics, the signal Doppler parameters, and the local terrain height to automatically predict the registration transformation. This algorithm has been implemented on a minicomputer system equipped with an array processor and a large random-access memory to optimize the throughput.